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Full text of "History of the Town of Springfield, Vermont"

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J?artarD Ccllrgr ILibraro. 

FROM THE 






ihti>h Id 
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iCKxnduiU nfllenn BriEhl.Jr., whn died It ' 
iwn. M»«..in KiMi, >RCBtitlc<rtoh»ld KliolnnI 
' rvird Collaita, cMabliihnl in i:<Kn under the 

JONATHAN UROWS nKlGIIT , 

tVmltlMni, Mau.. wllh one half thv incnine tri Uiii 
:iicy. Such deKeodunti T^ilinic. ntlier pennni UK 
lUc tu the tchcilarthipa. The will require* thiit 
. innouncciaenl ihaJl be mndf in every l><»k added 
tn Ihe I.ihnirT under itt prn.i«inn>. 



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MISTi.iRY 



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\:- ■;■ !o9S. 










HISTORY 



OF TIIK 



TOWN OF SPRINGFIELD, 



VERMONT, 



WITH A 



GENEALOGICAL RECORD, 



in 



C. HORACE HUBBARD AND JUSTUS DARTT. 



17^2-189^. 



BOSTON: 

(iKo. H. Walkek & Co.. 
1(50 Trkmont Stkkkt. 

1895. 



U 8 \SL%9i ^S.S 



, > 






\ 






; I vvT^ 



PRKFACK. HI 



PREFACE. 

« 

Tkk writing of this lx)ok was put off too long. Nearly all 
who could give facts in the early history of the town, from 
memory or reliable tmditiou, were silent in the gmve. The 
early records are imperfect, and some of them missing. And 
so the task of giving a full and reliable account of the first 
settlei-s and early residents and their doings has become each 
vear more dilhcult. Much that would now be of 'interest is lost 
])y lapse of time. There remains no (dew to the charac^ter and 
deeds of manv who were evidentlv ]»rominent in tlie town in 
their time, and even the names of othei's are now unknown. 
Enough is left, however, to show that the people of Springfield, 
in early days, were, lus now, a stalwart, liljerty-loving, self-reliant 
nice, full of the spirit of enterprise and inventive genius. 

Many men and women of eminent ability liave gone forth 
from here, whose lives have reflected credit on the pla(;e of their 
birtli, and many othei-s e(iually notable have spent their lives here. 

Foi- the untiring lalx)rs for many yeai-s in collecting material 
for this history, great credit should be given to the late James B. 
Whipple. lie never faltered in the work he set out to do ; and 
without the effort he made and the impetus his determined spirit 
gave, the history would not have been written. 

The manuscript history of Springfield, written by the late 
Judge Henry Closson, has l)een of great service in the making up 
of this l)ook ; also the papei-s and information collected by the 
late lion. Sanniel Whitcomb. The thanks of the compilei-s are 
liereby tendered to the friends who kindly furnished these |)apers. 

To all othei-s who have given facts aiul information, or as- 
sisted in any way in the prei)arati()n of this work, most cordial 
arknowledirment is hereby made. 

Si»i:in(;fikli), Vt., January, 181»o. 



CONTENTS. 



CONTENTS. 



FiRjJT Settlement . 

PKOPKIETOIts' RECOUDS . 
OkGANIZATIOX of THE ToWN 

C)Li> Ckowx Point Koad 
Si-rrxLEMENTS : 

Eureka 

Parker's Hill 

Ilaixlscrahble 

Si>ri II <r field Village 

\orth Springtiehl 
Roads, Staging and FuEKiiiT Rr? 
Post Offices . 
Hotels 
RrsiNEss Statements 

(iUoWTH IN PoFl'LATION 

Kx TENSE OF Town Ri:siness, 1S5() 
CiiiKciiEs: 

r;on*^re«;atioual . 

Freewill Baptist . 

MetlHulist 

Baptist . 

Ini versa list . 

l»«*formed Methodist 

Kpiseopal 

Atlvetit . 

( atholic 
Schools 

Si»i:iN<. FIELD Wesleyan Seminakv 
LiiJi{Ai:n> .... 
Societies : 

Mas(>!ii<* 

( )dd Fellows 

'I'einperauce . 
mvni factfkes and bl^iness 
Inventions .... 

>rEK(IIANTS 
PlIV-^K lANS 



IN ESS 



I'AGB 

1 

4 

17 

1J» 

M 
:^4 
:U 
:i7 
4;J 
59 

(18 
71 
71 

1-2 

^C) 

1(K") 
1(H) 
111 
111 
112 
11-2 

ii;j 
117 

ill) 

124 
12.") 

127 
l:51> 
142 

14S 



VI 



(ONTKNTS. 



Dentists 

Lawvkks 

Nkwsi»ai»ek> .... 
Banks : 

Savings .... 

Exchange 

Xational .... 
Campbell Flni» 
Fire Department and Kiki> 
fke8iiets 

AcntlCl'LTIRE .... 

stock liaising 

Agricultural Society and Fair.« 

Creamery .... 

(liee.<e Factory 
Soldiers in the Wau of the Kehellion 
<tkand Army of the KEPrnLic 
Women's Relief Cokps . 
Sons of Veterans . 
Cemetekii-^ .... 
IMiiLic Impuovements 
Genealo<;ical Records . 
Additional Business Firms . 
Town Officers, 1764-1804 
FLvRLY Lists of Freemen 
Marriages .... 
Appendix : 

Copies of ChartiM-s 

Copies of Karly Records . 



PA<.K 

14l> 
loO 
l.->2 

15:; 
154 
15(J 
15S 
15S. i:)\* 
1(M> 
UW 
1<« 
1(>5 
1(J5 
105 
1(>(( 
188 
ISO 
100 
19l> 
IJU 
198 
517 
510 
525 
5:n 

" ■*•> 



LIST OK ILLUSTRATIONS. 



VU 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



VAGE 

Plnu of Springtidd . . . S 

Ma}) of Si)nugtiel(l ... 7 

" View of the Falls . opp. 37 

^Springfleld Village, 1S04. opp. 42 

.Springfield House ... 65 

The Adiiabrowu Hotel 07 

* Old Cougregatioiialist Meet- 

ing-Ho«se . opp. 72 

< 'ougregatioiialist C'hureh . 78 
. Methodist Church opj). 85 
. Baptist Cliurch, North Spriiig- 

tiehi .... opp. 105 
' rniversalist Church and Town- 
Hall .... <»pp. 109 

< atholic (-'hureh opp. 112 
Main Sti-eet School House 115 
Spafford Library Building 122 

• Woolson Block '^PP* l^-^ 



FACE 

Fairbanks Block o\yi^, 195 

' New School Building, 1895, opp. 196 
Open Ridge Place . 207 

V Residence of Adna Brown opp. 233 
Residence of John R. Gill . 307 
The Daniel A. Gill Homestead 309 
Charles Holt\s Birthday Party 342 
Skltchewaug Mountain . 474 

Farmhouse on the Connecti- 
cut .... <»pp. 478 
The Col. Jonathan Williams 
House, Residence of (ieo. 
O. Henry .... 505 
'Residence of Amasa Woolson, opp. 511 
Residence of John K. Ford 514 

ylTie Jones & Lamson Machine 

Co.'s Shops . . opp. 517 





POUTR 


AITS. 


• 


Dennis H Allen 


•109 


' Horace Brown 


oj)p. 239 


Albert M. AUIm- 


201 


Hiland T. Boutelle . 


240 


Henrv M. Arms 


2a3 


William C. Bragg . 


241 


lUv. (;eo. W. Bailev 

• 


204 


Udiiey Burke . 


244 


Franklin P. Ball 


o])p. 205 


•Dr. Leonard ('hase . 


opp. 250 


Jennison Barnard 


opp. 206 


John Chipman . 


253 


William C. Barnaixl 


208 


•Henrv Closson 

ft 


opp. 254 


<ieorge (i. Barnard . 


209 


Gershom L. Closson 


255 


Henry F. Barnard . 


211 


William H. Ck)bb 


257 


Franklin Barney 


213 


Ansel O. Coburn 


268 


Davis Bates 


opp. 219 


^Joseph W. Colburn . 


opp. 259 


Theophilus Bates 


opp. 220 


^Robert M. Colburn . 


opp. 260 


Abner Bisbee . 


226 


Selden Cook . 


261 


Frank A. Bisln^e 


227 


F:verett B. Cook 


262 


Rev. Marvin D. BislR»e 


228 


Dr. Henry F. Crain 


264 


.\aron Bisbee . 


op]>. 228 


("apt. Thomas Dana 


opp. 270 


Durant J. Boynton . 


230 


' Benjamin F. Dana . 


opp. 271 


Ro<lney G. Britton . 


231 


Fred C. Davis . 


272 


Adna Brown 


233 


John Davidson 


upj). 273 


Sanmel >L Rrown 


237 


William Dillon 


oj)}). 275 


Jonathan Brown 


opp. 238 


Justus Dartt 


278 



LIST OK ILLirSTRATfONS. 



(iranville S. D^rby . 


. 279 


' Fredpriek Paiks 


opp. 4or. 


Frederick (i. Klllson 


. 28fi 


■ 1.. MilHU Parks 


opp. 4()»i 


AbncrFiPlil . 


292 


John Perkins . 


..pp. 407 


Walbriiig.. A. Kwld 


. -293 


■ Jerome W. Piciw . 


o[.p. 401. 


Ft«d ({. Field . 


294 


F.ilsou X. Piert-e . 




\ (Charles A. Fo.b.i!<li 


opi.. 303 


MwliiPli^ir . 


U> 


Frmik-U. t\>rl»iiBli . 


303 


Freilerlck A. I'orter 


413 


Rufiis O. Korbufh . 


303 


'George W. I'om-r . 


..l>p. 414 


I A. J. Fi.ll.tm . 


opp. 304 


• Samuel \V. Porter . 


.ipp. 413 


John U. (illl . 


306 


Frederick W, Ptnier 


4111 


( Daniel A. Gill . 


opp. :»« 


IVilliam H. n. Piilniini 


4-20 


Dnnlfl O. GUI . 


308 


rharle:- K. BldmnUoii 


42.-. 


FrankP. (!ill . 


310 


Ninnnel Kollin^ 


42fi 


' Farley B. GiliDiiii . 


opp. 311 


Xoah Siilford . 


427 


WllhertV Oilrmm . 


311 


Xoali B. SaA'onl 


42K 


David (in-KK ■ 


315 


Henry SallbrJ . 


42St 


John It. Hall . 


319 


Jolin A. Slack . 


4;u 


Herrann W. Harlow 


321 


■W. H. H. Slack 


u:> 




..pp. 324 


Alleti I,. Slade . 


4:1(1 


Dudley C. Haskell . 


326 


Hiram M. Smilh 


43!t 


Dr. D. W. Hu/*Uoi. 


. 3.10 


Frank W. StUe« 


44.'i 


iU-o.O. If.-nry 


332 


l^udus Strceter 


445 


-reremliili L, llcwey 


. 335 


.Vniasa SiuilTunl 


447 


John Holmes . 


. 33» 


Henrv H. S|>afllinl . 


44« 


John C. Holtnee 


340 


WllHoin Span-iiw . 


449 


Hurry B. HoImh-s . 


341 


Iter Robinson Siuiler 


opp. 4.13 


Horace U. Howp 


34S 


Mil* amitli . 


. 458 


" Cnlvtn llubbunl 


opp. 348 


'Aaron I,. Tlionipson 


..pp. 4(U 


•l>r. Ciilnii lliihbar. 


opp. 348 




opp. 466 


* (.'. Hi.iai-.' Miihb:ir.l 


opp. 360 


Slorldard I'ower 


opp. 467 


KawBon T. .JohuHon 


. 3SS 


Frederick V. A. 'i'ownsli 


n.i ..pp. 46!. 


Richmond J. Keiinoy 


366 


John ^Va^d 


470 


Capt. Geo. Kimball 


. 3I>8 


Cliaries H. Walkei . 


4T« 


Dr. E. A. Ki.ighi . 


359 


(Jeorge H. Walker . 


477 


Dr. (;rftnTilli'Kiiifrln 


. 360 


Oscar W.Walker . 


477 


- Charles K. I -aba roe . 


opp. 361 


Jftines R. Walker 


47(* 


' Merrill I,. LawreiKv 


opp. 362 


James B. Mhlpple . 


484 


William A. 1-ewis . 


. 364 


William H. Wheeler 


485 


Charles A. Inland . 


. 3«6 


■Joseph White . 


..pp. 48fi 


<ieorge F. Inland . 


366 


James K. White 


400 


Henry H. Mason 


387 


'Tliiinlin WbitiiuxT . 


oi.p.4«] 


Abijah Miller . 


opp. 3«1 


Per.'/ Wbiu'omb . 


405 


James MiU^hell 


303 


Henry Whitcoml> . 


497 


Charles H. Moore . 


304 


Amasa Woolsou 


opp. 510 


> Gen. Uwis H. Moriis 


Kroiitlsptece 


W. D. Woolson 


opp. 512 


John B. Nourse 


399 


Dr. F. I). Worcester 


512 


Beniniiiiii Piirker 


40:\ 







IXTHOl>UCT0KY. IX 



INTRODUCTORY. 



rXION HISTOKICAL SOi'llOTY. 

Thkrk liiis been for many yeai-s a desire for a history of Sprin^jf- 
field, but witli no organized or systematic effort towards its aecom- 
plishment until 1885. Tlie late Sanuiel Whitcomb gathered from 
old residents and wrote out many interesting facts pertaining to the 
early history of the town, and Judge Henry Closson wr<»te a 
sketch of much historical value. The late »Tames I^. Whipple, 
l)eing determined to push the matt<ir to a more definite and satis- 
factory completion, invited those interested to meet at the rooms 
of the Young Men's Christian Association, Sept. 25, 1885, and at 
that time a j^reliminary organization of the Union Historical 
Society was made, with »I. H. Whi[)ple, president, Lucius 
Streeter, vice-president, and F. W. Stiles, secretary. The sTd)ject 
of a town historv was discussed, and a letter from Miss Abbie 
Hemenway to G. L. Closson was read, in which she i)roposed that 
Judge Closson's sketch should l)e completed for the '' Vermont 
Gazetteer." It was voted to leave the matter in the hands of the 
officei-s. 

On the lOtli of Octol)er following, the organization of the 
society was ccmipleted at a meeting held at the residence of J. M. 
Butterfield, at the Blockhouse fami, by the election of Rev. 
Thomas I). Howard and (x. W. Foggett, vice-presidents, and 
Justus Dartt, treasiuer, and the ado[)tion of a constitution and 
by-laws. In the fonner tlu; objects of the society are stated to l>e 
the promotion of historical research, the preservation of knowl- 
edge of the [)ast, and the marking of spots of historical interest. 
At that meeting the n«ames of six-ty membei"s were enrolled on 
the records. At the third meeting of the society, held in C. Horace 



X INTIJODICTOUY. 

llubbiii-d's new Ikuii, Oct. 24, 1885, it wiis voted to aecei)t Miss 
llemeiiwav's proposition, and to furnish lier with the matter to 
oonipleto a history of Sj)ringfiehl. 

At a meeting of the society, Nov. 10, 1885, it was voted that 
J. H. AVliipple, Justus J)artt, and ('. Horace Hubbard be the com- 
mittee to have charge of the jueparation of the history nf Spring- 
iiehl ; and later, Hon. F. G. Fiehl and Hon. J. W. Pierce were 
•added to the committee. In 1889 that committee voted that 
Justus Dartt write the history of IS])ringKehl, and in 1890, Mr. 
Dartt having moved from the State, they voted that (\ Horace 
Hubbard complete the same. 

At the meetiuij at Mr. Hubbard's the Hi-st distinctlv historical 
and literary exercises were held. Since then there hius l)een 
at least one, and scmietimes several, meetings of the society each 
year, excei)t 188r), usually alternating l^etween Springfield and 
C'harlestown. At these meetings addresses of historical interest 
are delivered, and matter i)ertaining to local history gleaned and 
»<liscu8sed. 

The officei*s of the societv are (1894), Rev. Thomas 1). Howard, 
[)resident; C. Homce Hubbard, secretaiy. Theic are now three 
hundred names on the roll of membei*s. 

At the annual March meeting of the town in 1886 it Wiis voted 
to authorize the selectmeii to nifike a contract for the prei)ai'atioii 
and i)ublication of a history of the town, and the selectmen sul>- 
sequently made contiiu*ts with Mr. Dartt and Mr. Hubbaid to do 
the work. 



EUItATA. XI 



ERRATA. 



Fiige 36, line 24, for Riinie Finney read liena Phinney, 
Page 55, line 2, for J. N, Loc^kwood read J. W, Lockwood. 
Page 128, line 7, for Don Lowell read Don Lovell, 
Page 135, line 5, nnder S[)ringtield Marble Works, for Randall 

read Handel, 

Page 135, line 6, under Springfield Marble Works, for Frank 

Harney read Franklin Barney. 

Page 145, line 4, for Frank W. Morris read Frank W. Norria, 
Page 145; line 13, for Mr, Norris read Mr. Noyent, 
Page 152, line 22, for G. W. Faggett read G. W. Foggett, 
Paofe 163, line 16, for Cutter read Cutler. 



HISTOUY OF THE TOWN OF SPKINGFIELl), VT. 



EARLY HISTORY. 

The territory between Connecticut River and l^ake Champlain 
was the early battle ground of tlie Indians, and little progress was 
made towards its settlement till after the close of the contest in 
North America between tlie French and English in 1760. Dur- 
ing this war the valley of the Connecticut was a favorite pathway 
of the red men, and, in later years, one of the great highways of 
travel l)etwTen Miussachusetts and Lake Champlain was up the 
vallevs of Connecticut and Black Rivei's and across the moun- 
tains to Otter Creek. There is on record, obtained by the gov- 
ernment of Massacluisetts, the diary of one James Coss, or Cross, 
who is said to have travelled over this route from Fort Dummer to 
the hike in 1730 with twelve Cauglniawaga Indians. This diary 
is given in Hall's ^"History of Eastern Vermont," and, if it is au- 
thentic, Coss was probably the first wliite man to set foot on the 
territoiy of S[)ringfield. 

After Fort Dummer in Brattleboro was built in 1724, settlers 
slowly i>ushed tlieir way up the Connecticut, and settlements were 
made at Chesterfield, Westmoreland, Walpole, and Charlestown, 
N. H. That of Charlestown, or Number Four, as it w<as called, 
was made bv the Farnsworths in 1740. 

The Ixjst information that can now l^e obtained, both from 
records and tradition, confinns the belief that the fii^st settler in 
Springfield was John Nott, who came into town in 1752 and built 
a lr)g-house on the meadow near where the tenant house of 
Samuel Brown now stands, and that a settlement was made in the 
following year, 1758, by Daniel Sartwell, Jacob Sartwell, Oliver 



2 HLSTOKV OF THE TOWN 

Sartwell, Combs House, Oliver Farnsworth, Joseph Douglass, 
Samuel Douglass, Noah Porter, Nathaniel Powers, Simeon Pow- 
ers, and Simeon Powens, Jr. It is probable that they settled 
along the ridge of land in the vicinity of where the Stoddard Tower 
or " Sartwell farm " is now situated, owned by Daniel O. Gill. 

Tliese men claimed no title to the lands other than '^squatter 
sovereignty," and it is said that "being too poor to purchase land, 
they relied on the l)Ounty of his Majesty's gmce and favor, whose 
loyal subjects tliey claimed to be/' 

They ajiplied to Gov. Wentworth, of New Hampsliire Prov- 
ince for a patent or grant of tlie lands which they had im- 
proved, Imt no notice was taken of their petition. After the 
controversy between New Hampshire and New York, alx)ut the 
jui-isdiction of these New Hampshire grants, had been decided by 
the king in council in favor of New York, these original settle i-s 
petitioned the lieutenant-governor of New York for a title to their 
lands, and at first received encouragement that their rights should 
be respected ; but in the confirmation charter from New York, 
granted to Charles Shaw, Richard Monis, John Barrett, and 
othei-s, they were again ignored, and their names not mentioned. 
During these years they suffered great hardshii:)s, but br.ively de- 
fended their homes, and most of them became permanent settlei-s 
in the town. 

Simeon Powei*s, with his wife, Lydia, afterward settled in Rut- 
land, and their son, William, was the first white child l)orn in 
that town, Sept. 23, 1770. 

The original charter of the town of Springfield was given by 
Gov. AVentworth, of the Province of New Hampshii-e, Aug. 20, 
1761, granting to Gideon Lyman and sixty-one others a tract of 
land six miles square on the west side of Connecticut River op- 
posite .Cliarlestown, and north of Rockingham, to be divided into 
sixty-eight equal shares. The original proprietors were most of 
them residents of Northampton, Mass., and only one of them, 
Joseph Little, is known to have settled in this town. The meet- 
ings of the proprietors were held in Northampton from the time 
the charter was granted till September, 1764. A record of the 
proceedings of these meetings was cai-efuUy kei)t in a book for 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



Ihe2^rtherly Conter 
of Claries Towih. 




?/brih Westerly Can 
of Ttockin^ham. . 



PROVINCE OF NEW HAMPSH'T- 

AUGUST 20^ 1761. 

recorded in the book of charters, 'page 136, 
Per Theodore Atkinson. Sec "^ 



4 HISTOIIY OF THE TOWN 

that purpose, which is now in the town clerk's office in Spring- 
field. After Sei)t. 3, 1764, there is no record of any meeting till 
August, 1771, when a meeting was held at the Blockhouse in 
Springfield, <and the names of Simon Stevens, John Barrett, and 
Abner Bisbee appear as proprietoi-s, and officei-s of the meeting. 

The fii'st meeting of the proprietors of the township of Spring- 
field was held at the house of Gideon Lyman in Northampton, 
Oct. 13, 1761. At this meeting it was voted : — 

"That Messrs. Elias Lyman, Simeon Parsons, Aaron Wri{j:ht, Elijah 
Lyman, and Gad Lyman be a Committee appointed and impowered to go to 
Springfield and run the Lines round the said Township, and view the same, 
and report in What Manner they judge proper to make a Division of the Land, 
at an adjourned meeting.'' 

Tliis committee reported Nov. 24, 1761, as follows: — 

'*We the committee for viewing the Township of Springfield, Report, 
That we are of Opinion that the Meadow Land and the Pine I^and be laid out, to 
each proprietor his Proportion ; and that a Lot of One Hundred Acres be laid 
out to each proprietor beside, between Black River and Weathersfield, if the 
land there, for Quantity and Quality, will admit of it ; otherwise, Some of the 
said hundred-acre lots to be laid out on the other Side of said River.'* 

At a meeting held March 22, 1762, the following votes, among 
others, were p«assed : — 

^^ Vot**- That the Meadow Land in the Township of Springfield shall be laid 
out in One division: to each proprietor his just proportion. 

" Vot*'- That the Pine-Land in the Township shall be laid out in a Second 
division : to each proprietor his just proportion." 

•* Vot<'- That a Lot containing One Hundred Acres shall be laid out to each 
proprietor, between Black River and Weathersfield Line, in a Third division ; if 
the land will admit of it, exclusive of Scitchawag Mountain ; but if the I^and 
within the said Limits shall be found Insufticient in Quantity or (Quality, for 
each proprietor such a lot, then the remaining lots shall be laid out In such 
place as a Committee to be appointed for that purpose, shall judge best.'* 

*'Vot''- That the Committee for laying out the three Divisions, shall meas- 
ure and mark out a Tract of I^andas near the Centre of the Township of Spring- 
field as the Land will admit of, for Town-lots, to each Grantee the Contents of 
One Acre, before they lay out the said Divisions.'- 

From the records of the meeting held June 21, 1762 : — 

'^ Voted, That the Plan presented at this meeting, by the Committee for lay- 
iiio; out Three Divisions of land in the Township of Springfield, is accepted. 

''Voted, That each Grantee or Proprietor shall have his Right in the First and 
Second Divisions assigned him by Lots drawn in Order as their Names are 
placeil in the following List; The lot first cast to be to the Grantee or propri- 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



etor whose name is annexed to the number One in said List, and so on succes- 
sively thro' the Whole Number of Names in the List/' 

'' Vot<J' That eacli Grantee or proprietor sliall have his Right in the Third 
Division assigned him by Lot drawn according to the same List and in the same 
Order of succession as the first and second divisions were voted to be drawn; 
beginning lirst at the Lot adjoining to the Governor's Farm, and proceeding 
westward to theWest End of the Range Number One ; then at the East End of the 
Range Number Two & proceeding westward to the West End of said Range ; 
then at the East End of Range Number Three, and proceeding westward to the 
West End of said Range ; then at the East End of the Range Number Four, and 
proceeiling westward to the West Ead of said Range ; then at the East End of 
the Range Number Five, and proceeding westward to the W'est End of said 
Range ; tiien at the East End of the Range Number Six, and proceeding westward 
to the West End of said Range ; then at the East End of Range Number Seven, 
and proceeding westward to the W^est End of said Range." 

'^ Vot'*-, niat Charles Coats shall draw, & the Moderator declare the 
number." 



• b 



^l List for castintj Lots upon Jirst^ second and third divisions in the Township of 
Springfield : To which the Numbers are annexed as drawn. 







No. 


No. 










drawn in 


drawn Id 


No. drawn in Third 


No. 


Names of Grantees. 


FirPt 


Second 


I){ vlt4{<^n 






Divis»ion. 


Division. 


a^I V A £7. 


«^a« • 


1 


(rideon Lyman, Esqr. 


3 


18 


5 in 5tli 


Range. 


2 


Simeon l*arsons, G. L. 


32 


15 


2 '' 5th 


i( 


3 


Phinehas Lyman. 




61 


6 '' 5th 


kk 


4 


(;i<leon Lyman, junr. 


63 


6 


3 '' 5th 


hk 


5 


John I*helps, Chaplain. 


2 


30 


2 '' 1st 


a 


6 


Phinehas Lyman, Esqr. 


40 


3 


4 '' l8t 


ki 


7 


Caleb Lyman. 


1 


60 


8 ** 7th 


ii 


8 


Aaron Wright. 


29 


44 


13 " 3d 


hi 


9 


Simeon l^arsons. 


33 


10 


S "■ 2nd 


u 


10 


Ebenezer Sheldon. 


r '14 


5 


5 "' 2nd 


ki 


11 


Oliver Lyman. 


41 


59 


7 ** 1st 


ii 


12 


Nathaniel Fellows. 


14 


50 


4 '^ 3d 


a 


13 


Samuel Parsons. 


12 


13 


1 *' 2nd 


ik 


14 


Naomi Lyman. 


(56 


26 


9 '' 3d 


ii 


15 


Medad Alvard. 


27 


64 


10 '' 3d 


u 


16 


Reuben Coats. 


36 


4 


10 '' 2d 


ii 


17 


.Seth Clarke. 


10 


58 


5 " 1st 


ii 


18 


Oliver Tliomas. 


31 


45 


12 '' 3d 


a 


19 


Stephen Pomeroy. 


18 


14 


3 '* 6th 


a 


20 


Eleazar Roote. 


23 


22 


7 '' 3d 


u 


21 


Thomas Quiner. 


30 


21 


1 '' 3d 


»i 


22 


Col. Seth Pomeroy. 


24 


51 


7 '* 6th 


»h 


23 


Samuel Bancroft. 


15 


53 


6 '' 2nd 


u 


24 


John Burt, junr. 
Selah Wright, G. L. 


22 


25 


6 '' 7th 


a 


25 


38 


38 


8 '' 5th 


4k 


26 


Jonathan Strong. 


61 


24 


4 '' 5th 


ii 


27 


Selah Wright. 


17 


27 


7 '' 2nd 


ki 


28 


Elijah Lyman. 


60 


23 


1 *' 1st 


hi 


29 


William Kennaday. 


56 


12 


5 '' 4th 


a 



6 



HISTOKY OF THE TOWN 







No. 


No. 






No. 


Names of Grantees. 


drawn in 
First 


drawn in 
Second 


No. drawn in Third 






Division. 


Division. 


X/l V loll 


L#.. . 


30 


Israel Lyman. 


51 


37 


4 in 4th 


Range. 


31 


Daniel Graves. 


62 


54 


9 " 4tli 


c;7 


32 


Gideon Lyman, Esqr. 


53 


65 


5 *' 7th 


.( 


33 


Elijah Lyman. 


26 


28 


5 '» 6th 


k • 


34 


Josiah pierce. 


6 


34 


8 " 3d 


fcfc 


35 


Ephraim Wright. 


54 


29 


10 " 2nd 


ik 


36 


Benjamin Parsons. 


44 


2 


11 " 3d 


ik 


37 


Elias Lyman. 


42 


33 


4 ** 7th 


Ifc 


38 


Elias Lyman, janr. 


39 


11 


12 *' 2nd 


11 


39 


Gad Lyman. 
John Lyman, junr. 


19 


62 


2 '' 4th 


4k 


40 


5 


47 


3 " 7th 


(( 


-41 


Brigadier Timothy Kuggles. 


28 


19 


6 '' 6th 


*^ 


42 


Joseph Little. 


55 


20 


6 " 4th 


a 


43 


Gapt. James layman. 


43 


55 


3 " 2nd 


(& 


44 


Stephen Roote. 


20 


41 


11 ** 2nd 


(( 


45 


Nathaniel Day. 


50 


16 


2 '* 2nd 


ii 


46 


Gideon Lyman, Esqr. 


57 


63 


8 " 4th 


ki 


47 


Richard Cutt, Esqr. 


21 


31 


6 " 1st 


(( 


48 


Capt. John Lyman. 


13 


46 


7 " 7th 


4( 


49 


Nathaniel Phelps. 


35 


32 


5 *' 3d 


(fc 


50 


Samuel Marshall. 


47 


8 


3 " 4th 


(( 


51 


Elijah Lyman. 


11 


1 


4 " 6th 


.( 


52 


Doct'. Samuel Mather. 


45 


52 


1 '' 4th 


ik 


53 


John Nelson. 


8 


40 


3 *' 1st 


ii 


54 


Tlieodore Atkinson, Esqr. 


59 


17 


8 '^ 6th 


ii 


55 


Joseph Newmareh, Esqr. 


37 


36 


6 *' 3d 


ki 


56 


Benning Went worth. 


9 


56 


9 *' 5th 


(& 


57 


John Weutworth, Esqr. 


46 


57 


2 '' 3d 


(4 


58 


Hunking Wentworth. 


4 


4 


12 " 4th 


il 


59 


James Apthorp. 


48 


35 


14 " 4th 


a 


60 


John Gould, junr. 


16 


48 


7 '' 6th 


4( 


61 


Henry Hilton. 


25 


9 


9 ** 2nd 


ik 


62 


Samuel Wentworth, Esq., of Boston. 


40 


42 


7 '' 4th 


(I 


63 


Incorporated Society. 


52 


49 


3 '' 3d 


;( 


64 


Glebe for Church of England. 


65 


66 


10 " 4th 


(( 


65 


First Settled Minister of Gospel. 


58 


43 


4 '* 2nd 


a 


66 


Benefit of the School. 


34 


39 


11 ^' 4th 


4( 



" Voted, That if any proprietor, at any Time within Two Years after this 
date, shall manifest uneasiness with his Draft in the lliinl Division, and con- 
vince the proprietors that his I^ot in said Division is very Poor, he shall be al- 
lowed to exchange his said Lot for another Lot, which shall be set out to him 
by such a Committee as the proprietors shall appoint for that purpose." 

June 28, 1762 : — 

"Voted, ITiat any of the Proprietors of the To w^n ship of Springfield shall 
have Liberty to improve such of the Unoccupied Lands in said Township as they 
shall think fit for mowing and plowing, during the pleasure of the proprietors, 
not to cut any IMmber valuable on the same." 

It was also voted at the meeting of the above date, that meet- 



OF »PKIN<iFIE[,I>, VT, 



MAP OF SPRINGFIELD 



W E A T H E R S F 1 



Governor's , 



7!6'5 4;3|2 .l|7|6 54 3 2 1 1 ^° f™ 



8j7i6 l5 <3!2'1 
817 6'5 '4'Vil 
8|7 6i5^^i,3l^l 



» 7 6'5-r4^Vi 

H7'^ -- 

1211 10 D i* 7 (i, 5l4:.3 2a 



12 11 10 !) 8 



12:11 10l9l8!7'6i5J. 3'2 1 
12ill 10^9 « 
IMIIOV" 
W[lO 9 



5|4 3 2 



Ul,15;20 25 30'35l4045 50i 



4 9 1 14' 19! 2«9 34,3914449 54'59 



3818 13 18 23 



1 7 



12]7|22l27l32!37|42!47i52,57l 



6,111 16,21 26' 31. 3641146 51 5661Y, 



!i f K 1 V G H A M 




J8!43 48l53 58i 
-^«^ ^G2' 



Divisions, Ranges and Lots 



AS lUtAWS BV THE OBIGDIAL I'KOPRIETORS. 



So siirvej' 011 record showing allotments made in 1st and 2d 

DiviKioiiK. embniL-iiiff the Meadow and Pine Lands 

A B (' D. PioiH)itif>ii(il allotments made 

in a *>tli Division. 



8 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

ings might be. called by any number of the proprietors who owned 
more than one sixteenth of the township. 
July 19, 1762: — 

'* Voted, That Gideon Lyman Esqr. is chosen and impowered in behalf of 
the proprietors, to eject such person or persons as may be found inhabiting 
or improving any of the I^ands of the Township of Springfield not being a 
proprietor thereof : with Power of substitution.'' 

At a meeting of the proprietors, March 31, 1763, the following 

vote was passed : — 

^' Voted and Granted Twenty Acres of the Land now Undivided in the Town- 
ship of Springfield to any person, who sliall build a Saw-Mill in said Township, to 
the Acceptance of a Committee which shall be appointed by the proprietors for 
that purpose, in such place as tlie said committee to be appointed shall eon- 
sent to : To be to him and liis Heirs forever ; together with the Use of tlie 
said Mill-Place so long as he sliall keep the said Mill in good Repair. And also the 
L'^se of one Set of Irons for the said Mill ; provided he shall maintain and keep 
in Repair the said Mill and Irons for the Term of Fifteen years next after this 
Day, and then return the said Irons to the proprietors." 

In a notification for a meeting to be held May 5, 1763, was the 

following : — 

*' 3. To raise such Sum or Sums of Money as may be thought needful to 
defray the charges of Ejecting John Nott and Xathaniel Powers, and to pur- 
chase Irons for a Saw Mill and to paj'- other contingent charges upon the pro- 
prietors." 

Meeting of Marcli 13, 1764: — 

" Voted and allowed to Gideon Lyman Escj. for Time and Expenses to Ports- 
mouth, Thirty Nine Days, four shillings per Day, as Agent for the proprietors 
in the Cause of ejecting John Xott and others.'' 

At the meetiilg held June 18, 1764, the following vote i)assed : — 

'* Vot**- Messrs. Simon Stevens, Abner Bisbee and Jehiel Simmons all of 
Springfield, or any or either of them, are appointed and impowered, in behalf 
of the proprietors of said Springfield, to receive the Possession of the Lands in 
the said Township of Springfield, which the said proprietors have n'covered 
judgment and Title and Possession of. And also to receive the possession of 
any lands in said Springfield, which the said proprietors shall recover Judg- 
ment for and Title and Possession of hereafter." 

John Nott and Nathaniel Powera were among those who settled 
in Sprinfigeld very early, before the town was chartered, and from 
the foregoing records it seems that they, with othere, were ejected 
from their lands hy the proprietoi*s under the charter. The 
appointment of Simon Stevens, Abner Bisbee, and Jehiel Simmons 



OF SPIITXGFIELD, VT. 9 

as a committee to receive the possession of the lands of ejected 
settlers, as stated before, is the fu-st mention of actual settlei-s of 
the town being associated with the i)ropiietoi's, with the exception 
of Joseph Little, who was one of the grantees. It is probable 
that these settlei-s had purchased land of the grantees under the 
original charter. 

Meeting held Sept. 10, 1764 : — 

'* Voted as fonows, viz. Whereas the Committee who lai<l out tlie first, 
•second and third Divisions of land in Springfield, in the Return of their Doings, 
omitted mentioning any over-plus measure of land for liighways, but do now 
Certify that in laying out the said third Division, the Boundaries of every 
hundred-acre Lot marked by them include Six Acre?? and Ninetj'-Six Rods over- 
plus measure of land to each of the said Lots, and also that they made al- 
lowance for Crown I*oint Road four Rods wide thro* the said third Division, 
where the said Road now goes : therefore 

*' Voted that the Doings of the said Committee in allowing over-plus mens- 
ure of Land as aforesaid are accepted and confirmed; and that the said over- 
plus T^and is hereby sequestered to the Use of the said Town for Highways." 

This meeting of Sept. 10, 1764, was the hist meeting of the 
l)roprietorsheldinNoi-thami)tonof which there is any record, and is 
probably the last meeting held for nearly seven yeai-s, until Aug. 
27, 1771, when a meeting was held at the Blockhouse in Spring- 
field. During this time the actual settlers of the town had organ- 
ized a town government, and were successfully managing the 
affaii-s of the township. 

Notwithstanding the large number of grants made by the gov- 
ernor of the Province of New Hampshire on the west side of the 
Connecticut River, the governor of New York still claimed juris- 
diction over this territory and made application to the Crown for 
a confirmation of the claim. On July 20, 1764, the king in 
council ordered that the western bank of the Connecticut River 
should be the boundary Ixjtween the two Provinces of New York 
and New Hampshire iis far north as the forty-fifth degree of north 
latitude. The government of New York claimed that this order 
of his Majesty decided that the western bank of the Connecticut 
had ahvayn lx?en the boundary line between the two Provinces, 
and that the grants made by the governor of New Hampshire west 
of the Connecticut River were void; and under this construction of 
the royal decree, the government of New York proceeded to 



10 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

extend its jurisdiction over tlie New Hampshire grants, dividing 
the territory into four counties and establishing coui*ts of justice 
in each. The settlei-s of these townships west of the Connecticut 
River were called upon to surrender their charters and repuixihase 
their lands from the government of New York, and now they 
began to petition the governor of the Province of New York, 
praying for a confirmation of their titles and rights, as gmnted 
by the governor of New Hampshire. 

Under date of Dec. 5, 1766, a petition wtus presented to Sir 
Henry Moore, governor of New York, by Gideon Lyman, Joseph 
Little, and othei*s of the j^roprietoi-s of the township of Spring- 
field, praying the government of New York to issue a charter to 
them confirming their title to their lands. This petition was fa- 
vorably received, and the order made, but before any grant was 
made to these petitioners. Sir Henry Moore was succeeded by 
William Tryron, Esq., ai5 governor ; and Richard Morris and John 
Barrett — l)oth of whom had purchased a large amount of land in 
Springfield — and twenty-five othei's petitioned the governor of 
the Province of New York to grant a confirmation charter of the 
townshijj to them. They rejiresented ^' That they, the petitionei*s, 
were largely interested in the said Tract of Land known by the 
name of Siwingfiehl, by virtue of sundry conveyances. That the 
persons to whom the said Tract of Land wiis so ordered to be 
granted as aforesaid, resided out of the said Province of New 
York, and that it would be attended with great trouble to procure 
them to take the necessary stei)s therein,'' etc., etc. Richard 
Morris was a man of great prominence and chief justice of the 
Province, and Col. John Barrett was also a noted and influential 
man, and the result was that they and their associates received 
the confirmation charter from the Province of New York instead 
of the first-mentioned petitioners. This chailer wiis gmnted 
June 1, 1772. 

In anticipation of a confirmation charter from the governor of 
New York, the proprietoi's again commenced their proceedings in 
the summer of 1771, and a meeting was held at the Blockhouse 
in Springfield, Aug. 27, 1771, as before stated. Following is 
the record of the meeting at the Blockhouse : — 



OF SPJilNOFIELD, VT. 11 

"' At a legal meeting of The Proprietors or Grantees of the Township of 
SpriDglieldln the Province of New York held at the Blockhouse in said Spriug- 
fiehl on the Twenty seventh Day of Aug*- 1771. 

** Voted Simon Stevens Esqr. Moderator. 

" Voted John Barrett Clark. 

*• Voted to lay out the Undivided Land in said Township in two Divisions, 
one to he in hundred acre Lots, the other as it turns out, be it more or I^ss. 

** Voted that Simon Stevens Esqr. Abner Bisbee and John Barrett be a 
Committee to Lay out the said Divisions. 

*' Voted that Mr. Elijah I.yman of Northampton have the Privilege of Laying 
a hundred-acre Lot on the East Line of Mr. John Kilburn's hundred acre Lot In 
Lue of a hundred acre in the other Division. 

" Voted that this meeting be adjourned to the 10th Day of Sept. nextat two 

o'clock in the afternoon. 

'* JOHN BARRErr Clark.'' 

It will be seen by the a]x)ve record that some of the actual 
settlers were at this time associated with the proprietors, and it is 
evident that these men, viz., Simon Stevens, Abner Bisbee, John 
Barrett, and other settlere, together with Richard Morris of New 
York, had come into possession, by purchase, of a large number of 
shares of the township, and owned a controlling interest in the 
same. It will also be noticed that, whereas the records of all the 
meetings of the proprietoi*s held previous to this date, at North- 
ampton, recognized the township as belonging to the jurisdiction 
of the Province of New Hampshire, the record of this meeting at 
the Blockhouse, and the fii-st held in Springfield, and all subse- 
quent ones, declares the township to be in the Province of New 
York, in anticipation, seemingly, of a charter from the latter 
Province, which was received a few months later. In the appor- 
tionment, however, of the remaining undivided lands, the names 
of the original grantees were used in cixsting lotis for the several 
shares. 

Adjourned meeting, Sept. 17, 1771 : — 

** At a Legal Meeting of the Proprietors of the Township of Spriugfleld in the 
Province of New York begun and holden at the Blockhouse in said Spring- 
field, upon the twenty seventh Day of Augt. 1771 and continued by ad- 
journment to the 10th of Sept. and then continued to the seventeenth at 
the Dwt'Uing House of Simon Stevens Esqr. in said Springfield, Simon 
Stevens, Moderator. 

'' Voted to draw the fourth Division as Lotted in said Township. 

*' Voted that Mr. George Hall be appointed to Draw the Ballots for said 
Fourth Division and the Moderator to Declare the Numbers. 



HISTORY OP THE TOWN 







Nu 


i run- 11 






\o 


.Irtwn 






















3.1 








1 


Gideou LyniJin Escjr. 


house rum 


John Weulworlh F.Siir. 


Kakue. 
30 111 nth 
















3 
4 

n 


Thewion- AtkiDsmiRsrir 
Simeon Piirsoiis. 
CideoiiLrniaujunr. 


12 1 

5 


a 


u7lli 
3d 
7tli 
2 lid 


30 

S7 

aw 


Ephniim Miitfht. 

IllivPr'ninmiia. 


3 in 5Ih 
1 1 " fith 
n <■' and 
8 ■' 4th 
S " rth 
■i " 6tli 
8 " 2ud 


f 


.tohoPlielpaChuplniu. 


a 


3<l 






IJooC. ^muol Wnlker. 


11 


7th 






f 


Eliafl Lrmim jiior. 


11 


3d 








Beiieflt of thi- Suliocil. 




and 






10 

11 
la 

13 


I'hlnens Lyninn E))gr. 
PhlRCHS t.yrnnu. 
Oliver I.vmnn. 
Aaron » ri<;hl. 


(! 
10 

■2 


fith 
7ili 
6Ih 
oil) 


43 
44 

43 


Hunkiiig Wentworth. 
.Smniiel Mnrihal. 

Niitliiiniol FpIIows. 
(■•ii-.it S,^.rli..l Minister. 


4 

1 
1 
11 


' 7th 

' l8t 

■ 3d 
' 7th 
' 7th 
'lat 
' and 
' 7th 
' 3d 
' 3d 












in 


l{icharii<;uttBE«qr. 


:^ 


l9t 




S 




(Jideon I.vmaii E*(|r, 




4th 






IT 


Spliili Wrijilit. 


3 

1 


flth 

7rh 
7th 




1 ■ ■ ; . : ,. 


15 
■2 




■ !■ " ..riliEPijr. 




Ut 






4 


:,\ 


|.l,.^.■ !,.■ < iMireh of 


■* 






1. - 


' 6lh 


23 
34 

2n 
■2'i 


1 ucoruonitpil riooiety. 
Col. .Sc-t)i PomtToy. 
.loliii Hurt jiitir. 


8 
1 

4 


7th 
5th 

fith 
4th 

mil 

5lh 
nth 
0th 

5th 
4th 
Uth 
5th 
lith 


5U 
57 
68 
69 

m 


.SlL-|ihs^.i I'oiiicroy. 
Ehcilr/er Sheldnii. 
Joiiathiiii Strong. 
Iteujuiniii I'lirsous. 
Jiimes Apthorp. 


•i 
.1 

4 


' 4th 
' 4th 
' 7th 
' 3d 
' 3ud 








Bl 


















Kl 








4 
G 

10 * 
5 • 

7 ' 


fli 


S«th Clark. 


S 


' 6th 


i 


Daniel dravi-s. 
titila.li ^VrliFlit. 
William Keniiwlr. 
Thoinns Qtiiner. 


(13 
04 
65 
6Q 


Elijah Lvmaii. 
.Tosiuh Plm-ce. 
Israel I,yman. 
Stephen Hoot. 


6 

2 
2 


• 2iid 
' 4th 
' lat 
' and 



f tlie llrfaillh of the Jitcadim 



».. 


«o,>. 


r„. 


So. 


«o,„. 


..n. 


..^ 




,>.. 


Xo, 


K„,... 


FCM. 


1 


41 







10 




17 






•n 


1) 


4 


•I 


Ifi 




10 





M 


IS 







•>fi 


10 




3 


14 




II 


9 


8 


10 






-.■( 


10 


B 


4 


12 




IV 







Vll 








11 




5 




4 


13 


i) 




21 


'.) 




n 


12 










14 


9 




n 






•M) 


12 


8 




10 


5 


15 







•rii 







;ii 


13 




"^ 


10 


5 


10 


9 




24 





4 


32 


14 





OF SPKlN<JKrELD, VT. 



13 



No. 


Rodi*. 


Feet. 


No. 


Rods. 


Feet. 


No. 


Rods. 


Feet. 


No. 


Rods. 


Feet. 


38 


14 




42 


34 




51 


8 


8 


60 


10 


4 


34 


16 




43 


30 




52 


8 


8 


61 


10 


4 


35 


16 




44 


12 




53 


23 


8 


62 


11 




30 


16 




45 


12 




54 






63 


11 




37 


18 




46 


11 




55 


25 




64 


12 


8 


38 


20 




47 


10 




56 


15 




65 


12 


8 


31) 


22 




48 


8 


8 


57 


13 




66 


13 




40 


26 




•11) 


8 


8 


58 


12 










41 


30 




50 


8 


S 


50 


11 











Meeting of the proprietoi*s, Feb. 7, 1788 : — 

'* Voted l"*to Raise a Sum of Money Sufficient to Pay the Patent fees under 
New York and the Lotting out the fourth and fifth Divi-sions, witli other Inci- 
dental Charges. 

'^ Voted 2°<* that there be a Com*<^ to adjust the accounts and Report to this 
meeting, the Com***^ to consist of three. 

*' Voted 3"* that Simon Stevens Esqr. Capt. Abner Bisbee and the Hon* 
Richard Morris Esqr. be tlie Committee. 

'• V^oted 4"» that John Barrett be added to said Com»^^''■ 

Meeting of Feb. 8, 1788. Report of committee : — 

" Your Com*** Report to Raise the Sum of twelve hundred and twenty eight 
Pounds one Shilling and two Pence Lawful Money — whicli is Nineteen 
Pounds Sixteen Shillings and li Pence to each Right that have not paid. 

'* Vote<l, To accept the Report of the Com<«<"* 

"Voted, To Lay a Tax of Nineteen Pounds Sixteen Shillings li Pence on 
Each Proprietor's Riglit to defray tiie abovesaid Expenses. 

** Voted, that tlie Land in the fifth Division Lying East of the Public 
Lots aiui West of a line to be run from the South west corner of IHmber Lot 
No. 60 to the Rockingham Line Parallel to the Western Boundary of the Town, 
be Divided into fifty Equal Parts at the Expense of the owners of the Res])ec- 
tive Lots." 

Meeting of Nov. 24, 1778 : — 

'•Voted, To accept the Report of the committee appointed to Lot the fifth 
Division and to lay out all the undivided Land in the Town. 

" Viz : Your Committee appointed to lay out the fifth Division and the un- 
divided Land in the Towu.<»hip — Report that they Run aline from the Seventh 
Range third Division so as to touch the South west corner of Timber Lot No. 60, 
to Rockingham Line parallel to the Western Line or Boundary of the Town- 
ship — thence on said Line at the Easterly End of the third Range in said fifth 
Division Run to the Public Land, and by computation found land sufficient for 
fifty lots to contain one hundred and eighty-three acres a Lot, thence came 
back on said third Range and cornered ten Lots at a hundred and thirty nine 
Rods to each F^ot, which coruer is to govern the Lots in the other Ranges in 



14 



HISTOUV OF THE TOWN 



said Division of said fifty Lots — the six other Lots of the fifth Division your 
Committee laid three of the line ahove as per the Plan No. 2 annexed, the 
other other three laid on Skltchewaag Mountain as per the annexed Plan 
No. 1, — and the undivided I^nd as per Plans No. 3, 4, etc. 

" SIMON STEVENS \ 
JOHN BARRETT [ CommiUee, 
ABNER BISBEE ) 

'' Voted that three Quarters of an acre'of Land on each side the Mill Brook 
so called, Including the Brook, as marked In the Plan No. 3 from the Seventh 
Range down the Brook, the old Saw mill Privilege, be allowed to Col. John 
Barrett. 

" Voted, to Lay a Tax of Eleven Pence on Each prop* Right for Laying out 
all the undivided Land^ln the Town which turns out four acres three Rods 
and a half to Each Proprietor. 

"Voted, for Lotting out the fifty Lots.ln the fifth Division with 

the Proportion of other charges £5-5-0 

which Divided Into fifty parts Is 2«. l}^d. to a I^t. 

" Voted, for Lotting out the Six Lots East of the Line as per Plan 
No. 2 2-6-6 

" Voted, for Lotting out the undivided Land .... 2-15-4 

which Is Eleven Pence to a Right. 

£10-6-10 

*^ Voted, that the side Lines In the third Division run from corner to corner. 

"^ List for Casting Lots upon all the undivided Land in the Township of 
Springfield^ to which the Numbers are annexed to the Proprietors Names as 
Drawn^ <fc in Two Divisions^ viz : one on the mountain as per Plans and the 
other as per Plans RecordedJ"' 



No. 


Grantees' Names. 


No. 
56 


No. 
21 


Granteea' Names. 


No. 


1 


Gideon Lvman. 


Thomas Quluer. 


64 


2 


Simeon Parsons. Sts. 


60 


22 


Col. Seth Pomerov. 


45 


3 


Phlneas Lyman. 


9 


23 


Samuel Bancroft. 


32 


4 


Gideon Lyman junr. 


30 


24 


John Burt junr. 


24 


5 


John Phelps, Chaplain. 


57 


25 


Selah Wright. 


46 


6 


Phlneas Lyman Esqr. 


22 


26 


Jonathan Strong. 


16 


7 


Caleb Lvinan. 


7 


27 


Selah Wright. 


38 


8 


Aaron W right. 


49 


28 


Elijah Lyman. 


28 


9 


Simeon Parsons. 


20 


29 


William Kenned v. 


12 


10 


Ebenezer Sheldon. 


1 


30 


Israel Lvman. 


17 


11 


Oliver Lyman. 


62 


31 


David Graves. 


25 


12 


Nathaniel Fellows. 


4 


32 


Gideon Lyman Esqr. 


18 


13 


Samuel Parsons. 


39 


33 


Elijah Lyman. 


52 


14 


Naomi Lvman. 


63 


34 


Joslah Pierce. 


3 


15 


Medad Alvard. 


36 


35 


Ephralm Wright. 


53 


16 


Reuben Coats. 


11 


36 


Benjamin Parsons. 


4;^ 


17 


Seth Clark. 


61 


37 


Ellas Lyman. 


44 


18 


Oliver Thomas. 


55 


38 


Ellas Lyman junr. 


•23 


19 


Stephen Pomeroy. 


41 


39 


Gad Lyman. 


37 


20 Eleazer Root. 


33 


40 


John Lyman junr. 


40 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



15 



No. 

41 
42 
4:i 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 



Grantees' Names. 



Hripidier Timothy Kuggles 
•loseph Utile. 
James Lyman. 
Stephen Root. 
Nathaniel Day. 
Gideon Lyman Esqr. 
Richard Cutts Esqr. 
John Ly^man. 
Nathaniel Phelps. 
Sanmel Marshal. 
Elijah Lyman. 
Samuel Mather. 
John Nelson. 



No. 


No. 


51 


54 


13 


55 


50 


56 


31 


57 


8 


58 


34 


59 


10 


60 


19 


61 


59 


62 


15 


63 


14 


64 


2 


65 


48 


66 



Grantees' Names. 



Theodore Atkini=)on Esq. 
Joseph Newmarch. 
Benning Wentworth. 
John Wentworth. 
Hunking Wentworth. 
James Apthorp. 
John Gould junr. 
Henry Hilton. 
Samuel Wentworth. 
Incorporated Society. 
Glebe. 
Minister. 
School. 



No. 



58 
26 

6 
66 
42 
56 
35 
27 
29 

5 
54 
21 
57 



The (late of the last meeting at which any business was trans- 
acted was May 13, 1791, when a committee was appointed to 
adjiLst the proprietoi-s' accounts. The report of this committee 
was accepted, and the meeting was adjourned to June 7, 1791, 
when it was again adjourned to the thirtieth day of June, 1791, 
and there is no further record of proprietoi*s' meetings. 

The following advertisement and sale is recorded : — 

'* The Proprietors of Springfield in the County of Windsor and State of Ver- 
mont who are Delinquent in the Payment of the Tax of Nineteen Pounds 
Sixteen Shillings and one Penny half Penny voted by the Proprietors of 
said Springfield on Each Right at their adjourned meeting holden in Spring- 
field aforesaid on the Eighth Day of February 1788, to Pay up the arrearages 
of Lotting out said Town and other Incidental Charges, are informed that so 
inach of their Respective Rights as will Pay said Tax with Cost, will be sold 
at Pablick Vendue at my Dwelling House in Springfield aforesaid on Tuesday 
the Eighth Day of September at Nine o'clock in the forenoon, unless Payment 
shall be Previously made. 

'* The Names of the Delinquent Proprietors are as follows with the full sum 
of the said Tax Due, viz : — 

" Elijah Lyman, Samuel Wentworth, John Wentworth, Joseph Newmarch, 
James Apthorp, John Gould junr., the Heirs of his Excellency Benning 
Wentworth, Reuben Cutt. 

"LEWIS R. MORRIS, Collector. 

" Springfield, July 4, 1789.*' 



" Vermont, SPRiN(iFiELi), 8*^ September 1789. 

" Opened the Vendue agreeable to the advertisement in the Public News 
Papers of this State and no Persons appearing to bid at the Vendue I 
adjourned to Monday the twenty first Instant at Nine o'clock in the forenoon 
then to be held at my house In Springfield aforesaid. 



'Redeemed. 



16 HISTOUY OF THE TOWN 

'* Monday, 21»» September, 1789, 

9 o'clock A. M. 
*' Opened the Vendue a^reable to adjournment and ' 

set up tlie Ki^lit of Klijah Lyman, wliieh was 

struck off to Simon Stevens Esqr. for tlie Taxes 

&c. Due thereon. 
** Samuel Wentwortirs Right, one half struck oll'to John ) 

Barrett Esqr. for the Taxes &c. / 

'" Benning Wentwortlfs Hight struck off to 'I'homas ) 

Collins Drew for the Taxes &c. j" K^doeined .n Part 

'Molin Wentworth's Right struck off to John Barrett > 

Ksqr. for the Taxes &c. , Kedeon.e.l ... I'art. 

*'James Apthorp's Right struck off to Thomas Collins ) 
Drew for the Taxes &c. / 

*' John Gould junr.'s Riglit struck off to John Barrett > 

var.^ r«- 4^v... rn.^,^, i^ . Redeemed ui Part. 

JiiSqr. for the Taxes &c. j 

" llie Heirs of his Excellency Benning Wentwortli two 

Rights, one Right struck off to .John Barrett Esqr. 

for the Taxes on both. 
•'Richard Cutts' half Right struck off to John Barrett) 

Esqr. for tlie Taxes. / 

" A True ( 'opy Compared. 

" Attest : 

'M. BARRETT, Projr CUrkr 



■■} 



OF SrRlNGFlELl), VT. 17 



ORGANIZATION OP THE TOWN. 



Each of the towns in the New Hampshire gmnts had, under its 
charter, tlie riglit of self-government in town meeting, by the 
election of town officei-s and the management of town affairs. 
This right was vested in the " inhabit<ints/' and was exercised 
from the first. 

Among the papei's of Simon Stevens, which were in possession 
of the late Hon. Wm. M. Pingry at the time of his death, is a 
wantint to the said Simon Stevens, constable, of which the follow- 
ing is an exact copy : — 

'* Provioce of )^ To Simon Stevens constable of Springfield, and province 
Xew Hampshire, j afores** , Greeting — 

'* In his Majesties Xame you are hereby Required forthwitli to Xotifle & 
warn y^ Freeholders & Other Inhabitants of s'^ Town that are Duely qualified 
bj' Law to Vote in Town Meetings that they assemble & meet at y*' House 
of Joseph Littles in Springfield afores^ , on Tuesday y« W^ of this Instant at 
10 of y Clock in y* forenoon, then and there, when met, to Vote and act on 
y« following articles, viz. — 

*' First to Choose a Moderator to Govern s'^ Meeting. 

14 2*^'y To Choose Town Officers Agreable to Charter. 

''^ Hereof Fail not & make Due Return of this warrant and your Doings 
therein to some one of us y^ subscribers at or before y*" Time of s' Meeting. 

•' Given under our Hands and seal this first Day of March and in y*" fourth 
year of His Majesties Heign 1764. 

''ROBERT PARKER 
SAMUEL SCOTr 
SIMON STEVENS 
GEORGE HALL 
TIMOTHY SPENCER 
TAYLOR SPENCER 
ABNER BISBEE 

'*• March y* 13 I having Read the warrant in said meeting, and hereby make 
a Return as the Law Requires. 

''by SIMON STEVENS ConstahUr 



18 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

On the back of this warrant is the following record: — 

** March y«13»M 764. 

** A town meeting held in Springfield on order to choose town otticors. 

'' Firstly, voted and Chose George Hall moderator. 

** Secondly, voted and adjourned this meeting til the 26 of this instant." 

No record can be found of this adjourned meeting on the 20 th 
of March, nor of any other town meeting until that of April 4, 
1769, but it is probable that the town was organized at the meet- 
ing on March 26, 1764, as above, and that Simon Stevens and 
Abner Bisl^ee were then chosen selectmen of the town. This 
seems evident from another warrant among the Stevens papei's, 
which is signed by Abner Bisbee and Simon Stevens, as select- 
men, issued July 13, 1764. 

The following is a copy : — 

*' Province of \To Jehaial Simmons Constable of the Town of Spring- 
New Hamp"- i field in said province, Greeting. 

'* In his Majesties name you are Kequired to Notify and warn, all the Free- 
holders and Other Inhabitants of the Town of Springfield in said province to 
assemble and meet at the Dwelling House of Joseph Littles in said Town on 
Monday y« 22<* Day of July at one of the Clock in the afternoon then and 
there when met to act on the Following articles. Viz. 

'* 1"* to Chose a Moderator to Govern said meeting. 

ic 2ndiy iQ gee w^hether the Town will accept of the Koad known by }'• name 
of Crownpoint Roade which leads through said Town. 

" 3<*'>' to see whether the Town will Repair said Roade. 

'* Hereof Fall not and make Due return of this Warrant to some one of us, 
the selectmen of Springfield, at or before the time of said meeting. 

*' Given under our hands & seals this 13 Day of July Ano Dom 1764. 

''SIMON STEVENS. 
ABNER BISBEE." 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 19 



CROWN POINT ROAD. 



The Old Crown Point Road was one of the historic highways 
of the colonial and Revolutionary period, and for many years 
thereafter. 

One of the Indian trails between Connecticut River and Lake 
Champlain was up the valley of Black River, and across the moun- 
tains to Otter Creek. The diary of one Coss or Cross, who is said to 
have passed over this route in 1730, has already been mentioned. 

There is a tradition, if not a record, that Major John Hawks 
was the leader of a party along this trail through the forest from 
Deerfield, Mass., to Lake Champlain, and thence to Quebec as 
early as 1747, for the purpose of an exchange of prisoners, and 
that ^' Hawks Mountain," in Weathersfield, where he is said to 
have camped, took its name from him. 

In Hall's '^History of Eastern Vermont" is an account of a 
scouting party of nineteen men under Capt. Eleazer Melvin, who 
marched from Fort Dummer on the 13th of May, 1748. They 
went up Connecticut River to Number Four, and were there joined 
by sixty men under Capt. Stevens (probably Phineas) and Capt. 
Hobbs. On the 15th, at sunset, the whole party set out from 
Charlestown to Crown Point. They followed the " Indian road " 
along the banks of Black River, but sometimes would lose it in 
fording streams and in the forest where the underbrush was 
thick. When they reached the main bi-anch of Otter Creek, 
Capt. Stevens and his men, according to previous agreement, left 
the j)arty and passed down the east side of Otter Creek, a short 
distance, then struck eastward down the Ottaquechee to the 
Connecticut, and then back to Number Four, after an absence of 
two weeks. 



20 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

During the summer of 1756 a plan was projected for building 
a strong fort on tlie Highlands between the sources of Black River 
and Otter (^reek by Lord Loudon, the commander-in-chief of the 
British forces. Col. Israel Williams was aj)plied to for informa- 
tion as to the practicability of a road from the Connecticut River 
across the mountains, and he communicated to Lord Loudon a 
topographical sketch and description of the country compiled from 
materials obtained from various reports of officers, who liad tniv- 
ersed the country with scouting parties. 

The government of Massachusetts, with a similar object in view, 
had previously taken measures for examining the same route. In 
the House of Representatives the following vote was passed 
March 10, 1756, and approved by the governor and council : 
" Whereas it is of great importance that a thorough knowledge be 
had of the distance and practicability of a communication between 
Numl)er Foiu* on the Connecticut River and Cro\vn Point, and 
that the course down Otter Creek to the lake should be known ; 
therefore, voted, that his Excellency the goveinor be, and here- 
by is, desired, as soon as may be, to appoint fourteen men upon 
this service ; seven of them to go from said Numl^er Four the 
most direct course to Crown Point, to measure the distance and 
gain what knowledge tliey can of the country ; and the other 
seven to go from said Numl)er Four to Otter Creek aforesaid, and 
down said creek to Lake Champlain, observing the couree of said 
creek, its depth of water, what falls there are in it; also the 
nature of the soil on each side thereof, and what growth of woods 
are near it. Each party of said men to keep a journal of tlieir 
proceedings and observations, and lay the same on their return 
before this Court. One man in each party to he a skilful sur- 
veyor ; and the pei'sons employed shall have a reasonable allow- 
ance made them by the Court for their services." In order to carry 
out the provisions of the General Court of Massachusetts, Col. 
Williams wixs further dii^ected to make a more accurate examina- 
tion of the country with the assistance previously voted; but 
owing to the number and hostility of the Indians in that region, 
the attemi)t proved two hazardous for accomplishment. 

There is a tradition with the descendants of Capt. Abner Bis- 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 21 

l)ee that he juloted a small company of Massachusetts soldiers 
through the forest on snow-shoes in February, 1759, and marked 
out the Crown Point Road, and that he was with the company 
under Col. Goffe that built it the following year, and picked out 
the spot where he afterwards built his cabin on this road. In 
1759 Gen. Amherst, who had succeeded to the command of 
the British forces in North America, projected a plan for a mili- 
tary road for the transportation of troops and supplies from the 
Connecticut River to Lake Champlain, and as Charlestown, N. II., 
or Number Four, was then the most northern frontier post on the 
river, he early decided to build a road through from there to 
Crown Point. 

The men appointed to this service were Gen. John Stark, Major 
John Hawks, and Col. John Goffe. The Crown Point Road was 
Wgun on tlie west side of the mountains, in the summer of 1759, 
by Cien. Stark and Major Hawks, but that part from Number Four 
to the mountains was not built till the next year. In the early 
part of the season of 1760 Gen. Amherst ordered Col. CJofife, with 
a n*giment of eight hundred men, raised in New Hampshire, to 
make a road from Number Four across the present State of ^^er- 
mont to meet the road that had been cut tluough on the west side 
of the moiuitains the summer previous by Gen. Stark and Major 
Hawks. The road l>egun at Weiitwoi-th's Ferry, two miles above 
the fort at Charlestown, N. H. They fii>it Imilt a Blockhouse on 
the west Imnk of Connecticut River, near where the ferry was at 
that time, and on the farm now owned l)y the family of the late 
J. M. Butterfield, foimerlv known as the Blockhouse farm. 
ITiis Blockhouse, suiTounded with pickets, w^as Iniilt to serve as 
a prot(»ction in case of disaster. It was made of heavy pine tim- 
l)er, stjuared and laid up after the manner of the log-houses of 
those times. Some of the timl)er of this house can now be seen 
in the frame of a bam on the farm of Orrin Rice. The place 
where the Crown Point Road crossed the present river road is 
marked bj- a suitalJe monument erected l)y the late Daniel A. Gill, 
who was familiar with the location of this famous militarv road, 
and R. M. Colburn. From the monument it passed around Skitche- 
waug Mountain, then up to where Levi R. White now lives. 



22 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

thence along the present ti-avelled road, and crossed the main high- 
way near the house of H. M. Arms. It i)assed a little west of 
the buildings on the Ur. Hubbard jjlace, and then through tlie 
farm now owned by Lucius Streeter, where it« location is plainly 
seen at the present time. On the level ground, partly on the 
town farm, and partly on the land of Mr. Streeter, was a camj)- 
ing ground of Col. Goffe's men. Here were the first apple-ti-ees 
in town. The hill or ridge of land ea8t of this camp, and extend- 
ing into Weathersfield, hiis from the earliest memory of the inhab- 
itants been called ^' Camp Hill." From the camping place the 
road passed near the town farm buildings, and over the hill to the 
Colman Haskins place, crosj^ing the present highway leading from 
Springfield to Weathersfield near the barn, and thence on by the 
buildings on the Luther Boynton fai-m through Weathersfield, 
Cavendish, and Ludlow, to the mountains. 

The first settlei-s of the town lived on or near this road. By a 
census of Cumberland County taken in 1771, there were twenty- 
seven families and one hundred and forty-one persons in Spring- 
field, and the larger part of these families lived along the Crown 
Point Road. 

Col. John Barrett lived on the Blockhouse farm, lately owned 
bv the late J. M. Butterfield. John Nott, who at fii-st lived on 
the meadow near the mouth of the Black River, now lived near 
the Blockhouse and was the ferryman, the feriy being known as 
Nott's Ferry. Nathaniel Weston's house was below where Asahel 
Fairbanks lately lived, and between Mr. Weston's and the house 
where H. M. Arms lives were the houses of Simeon and Taylor 
Spencer. A Mr. Wheeler lived at the Arms place, and Joseph 
Little on the Christopher Ellis farm. Hezekiah Holmes lived on 
the Dr. Calvin Hubbard faim, and Simeon Bradford on the farm 
now owned by Lucius Streeter. Where the town fai-m buildings 
now are was the house of Simon Stevens, and between there and 
the Colman Haskins place was tlie house of Samuel Scott. Abner 
Bisbee's house stood just noi-th of the south line of the Luther 
Boynton farm and a few rods west of the present highway. 
George Hall located where the Boynton buildings now stand, just 
over the line in Weathei'sfield, but supposed he lived in Springfield, 
and for several yeai"s served in various offices of the town. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 23 

In this connection the following sketch, furnished by C. S. 
Chase of Detroit, and a native of Springfield, for the Springfield 
Reporter^ will be of interest : — 

THE OLD CROWN POINT ROAD, AND SOME OF THE MEN 

WHO BUILT IT. 

When a few weeks ago the attention of your readers was called 
to the old military road once leading through the town of Spring- 
field, my interest led me to investigate it and the period during 
which it was constructed, more fully than I had previously 
done. 

I had the good fortune to find in a somewhat large library to 
which I have access some old books relating to this period and 
the men concerned in this work, which invested the old road with 
new iterest. 

Springfield, though never, that I am aware of, a battle ground, 
was at one time the thoroughfare for important and successful 
military opemtions. 

To go back a little, the old French and Indian war had been 
dragging wearily along for almost seven yeai-s. The French had 
been i)ushing their outposts farther and farther south and west. 
The English had met with severe reverses. Abercrombie, with an 
armv of sixteen thousand men, had been defeated before Ticonder- 
oga and the gallant Lord Howe slain, and the Indians let loose 
upon the inhabitants of New Hampshire and Massachusetts were 
a constant source of teiTor, killing and carrying into captivity 
hundreds of people living near the frontier. 

In consequence of this state of things, settlements were veiy 
slowly made in the State of Vermont, then known as the New 
Hampshire grants. The incursions of the Indians from Canada 
were made mostly down Connecticut River or by way of Lake 
Champlain, Otter Creek, and crossing the mountain by the Black 
or West River valleys. At length a change in the British admin- 
istration placed Gen. Amhei-st at the head of the North Amer- 
ican army. A careful and experienced general, he cautiously 
pushed his forces from Lake George until he had taken Ticonder- 



24 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

oga and Crown Point without venturing a geneiul battle or 
hardly losing a man. 

The provincial rangei-s were constantly piessing upon their 
enemies, attacking small parties and cutting off their supplies. 
The failure of the French to re-enforce their foils rendered them 
unable to hold tlieir ground longer against them. And hei-e it 
must he remarked that too little credit has been given to the 
provincial troops in the grand result that followed ; and it is 
quite uncertain whetlier the English could have made the con- 
quest of Canada unaided by colonial troops, which were l)etter 
fitted by all their habits of life to cope with the French and their 
Indian allies than the disciplined English soldier. 

Montreal was the objective point, but the year 1759 was passing 
and the cautious Amhei'st had progressed so slowly that, as win- 
ter was approaching, it was decided to defer the campaign against 
Canada until the next year and go into winter quartei^s at Crown 
Point. During the summer of this year, however, Amherst had 
projected two roads, to transport troops and supplies and make a 
more direct comnuniication with New England, one to Massachu- 
setts and one to New Hampshire. Charlestown, or Number Four, 
was the most northern frontier post of New f^ngland, and Gen. 
Amhei-st early decided to Ijuild a road through to that point. He 
appointed men for this service who were fully competent. There 
have l^een few men in our colonial or Revolutionary history who 
have shown more enegy, bravery, or general ability than the three 
men concerned in this enterprise. They were Gen. John Stark, 
Major John Hawks, and Col. Jolui Goffe. They each demand 
more than a passing notice, although the hero of the battle of 
Bennington lias a world-wide fame. Taken captive by the 
Indians at an early period, and naturally drifting into a military 
life, he was unconsciously fitting himself for the gi*eat struggle of 
the Ke volution which followed. 

The Crown Point Road was begun in the spring of 1759. In his 
menioii-s we learn that " Capt. St^ark, with two hundred rangei-s, 
was employed in cutting a road from Crown Point round through 
the wildei-ness to Number Four." The road was completed, it 
would seem, only a portion of the way by this detachment ; for 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 2o 

Ave fiixl ill Commissarv Wilson's orderly l)ook, a curious old record 
of daily events and i)lans for the gariison, this entry, which I give 
in the original form and si)elling : — 

" Ckown Poixt, 25t]i Oct., 1750. 

*' The followinj^ p.'irty to receive this afternoon, belonging to the Provincial 
Truopj*, twelve days Bisquitt and 5 days Pork, and to parade at the liight of 
tlie Hoyal at one o'clock; they are to bring with them all the falling axes 
belonging to their Regiments as they can now spare them and tliey are to 
loave with their Regiments what arms and accouterraents they have in their 
l»osse-«sion belonging to the King as they will not have any use for them in 
tin* ^»e^vice they are to be employed in which arms are to be returned to Maj. 
< h-d of the Artillery. After they have performed the service they are sent 
upon tliey will receive from Lieut. Small Pasports and Provisions or monye to 
c:irry them to their respective Abodes, and t\w General expects that every 
man will do his utmost towards carrying on this service, and if any man should 
otter to go Home before his I*assi)ort is given to liim, a Partie shall be sent to 
apprehend him ; he shall be tryed by a Court Martial and no mercy shall be 
shown him. 

"Major Ifawks to command the partie and will receive further orders from 
the (leneral ; it is to be composed of Captains Burk and I*age, Lieuts. Carver 
and Shore with 54 men of Ruggles I^egiment, Ijeut. Bean of Willards Regi- 
ment with 49 men, Lieut. I*earsons and Collins with 31) men of Whittney's 
Regiment, Capt. Ferris and Lieut. Pringle and Smith with 36 men of Worces- 
ters. Ens. Hall of Fitches with 36 men of Babcocks, IJeut. Small with a Ser- 
geant and 10 Rangers to para<le at the same time with arms, amunition, 
kettles and the same quantity of I*rovisions: he will receive his orders from 
the Generall. The Royal and Montgomerys will send ten Batteaux each with 
2 men in each at one o'clock to the front of the Ifoval to carrv Major Hawks 
over the Lake with his Partie. Tliis I'rovisions compleats them to the 31st 
inclusively and with Bread to 7th." 

The next day's entry in the orderly book is the following : — 

** Crown I»oint, 26th Oct., 1751). 

** The Detachment under tlie command of Major Hawke will com pleat the 
Tools they want to 250 and a Grindstone, by applying to Sergeant Morrow 
and giving Receipts for them, which will be delivered to I^icut. Small when 
tlify arrive at No. 4, and put up in the store there that they may be sent for." 

There is a curious interest attached to these old records, a 
<juaintness and militaiy brevity that are quite charming. From 
this we leani that Gen. Amhei-st ordered Major Hawks, in October 
of the same year in which Stark performed his service, to go to Num- 
Ijer Four with a \yody of provincial or New^ England troops num- 
bering about three hundred, with implements for felling trees and 
making roads, and that after arriving there they were to be paid 



26 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

oflf, their term of enlistment having expired, and then go to their 
homes. A portion of the road Ijegun by Stark, and the path over 
the mountain were then completed by Hawks and his party. 
Either on this expedition or a previous one (for he had been 
over this route Ixifore) he encamped on the side of the mountain 
which now bears his name, and the place of encampment is now 
pointed out ixs " Hawks Camp." 

To me there is a kind of attraction alx)ut this man ; perhaps 
partly because we know so little alx)ut him, and what we do know 
presents him to us in an adventurous, if not heroic light. Of liis 
early life little or nothing is known, except that l)e was lx)rn at 
Deerfield, Mjiss., and seveml of his name are mentioned in the early 
Indian wai-s. He conies to our notice tii-st in 1746 ixs a sergeant 
in ccmunand of Fort Massachusetts at Hoosac, now the town of 
Adams. A bodv of French and Indians, under (len. De Vau- 
dreuil, eight or nine hundred in number, appeared before the fort. 
Holland, in his " History of Western Massachusetts," gives the 
following account of this attack : — 

'* A more inifoitunate time for the garrison could not have l)een 
chosen, as its amnuinition was exhausted and there were but 22 men 
in the fort. The French general made propositions to Sergt. John 
Hawks, then in command of the fort, to surrender, but he declined, 
thinking perhaps that succor might reach him during the time which 
he might l>e able to delay his surrender. The attack was accord- 
ingly connncnccd and the biuve little garrison defended the foi-t 
against forty times their number, for twenty-eight hours. During 
all this time the enemy were kept at a respectful distance, and 
some of them were shot at the long distance of sixty rods, where 
they supposed themselves entirely beyond the arm of danger. 
At the end of this long and most gallant defence the annnunition 
of the garrison became exhausted and no choice but surrender was 
left, and even then the conmiander of the garrison made his 
teniLs. One of these conditions was that none of the prisoners, 
numbering thirty-three men, w^omen and childien, should be 
delivered to the Indians. Vaudreuil made the pledge, and the 
very next day, under the ])reten(;e that the Indians were mutinous 
in conse(]uence of withholding prisonei-s from them, one half 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 27 

the niiml)er were delivered over to them, and one of the num- 
l)er was immediately killed, in consequence of being too sick 
to travel. The garrison lost but one man in the attack, while 
the enemy lost in killed and mortally wounded forty-six. They 
were taken to Canada, twelve were taken sick and died there, 
and the remainder with other prisoners arrived in Boston the l6th 
of August, 1747, nearly a year after their capture, under a flag of 
truce and were redeemed. This affair, one of the most gallant in 
the whole history of the frontier wars, has invested the locality of 
old Foiii Miissachusetts with patriotic associations such as attach 
to few points in Western Massachusetts. That Sergt. Hawks 
would never have suirendered if his ammunition liad not failed liim 
is very certain, and as it was, the victory won by Vaudreuil was 
no subject of boasting." 

We next hear of Major Hawks as leader of a small party in the 
\>4nter of 1747, to conduct home to Canada a young French lieu- 
tenant by the name of Rambont, who was taken prisoner at Deer- 
field, to exchange him for English prisonei*s. The young man 
was the son of wealthy parents living near Quebec, and was 
reported as killed l)y the Indians who accompanied him, and his 
return seemed like a restoration from the dead, and Major Hawks 
wius entertained and loaded with hospitcalities by the happy parents. 
The story reads like romance, and can l>e found at length in the 
New Hampshire Historical Collection (Vol. III.). The party went 
up the Connecticut to Charlestown, thence up Black River through 
the present town of Ludlow, and over the mountain to Lake 
Champlain, thence on the ice to Canada. So that at this early 
period Major Hawks passed through Springfield, and the fact that 
he was acquainted with the route was quite likely the reason that 
(tcu. Amherst gave him the command of the expedition to cut the 
road through to Number Foui*. He w as in the army at the capitu- 
lation of Montreal, after which I cannot find his name mentioned 
either in the colonial or Revolutionary service. It seems probable 
that liis death occui-red soon after, otherwise he would have been 
prominent in the great struggle that succeeded. He was certainly a 
man of no common enteqwise and bravery, and it is a satisfaction 
that the eminence of land over which he passed in Weathei-sfield 
shouhl bear his name. 



28 HISTOIJV OF THK TOWN 

Among the offieei-s in this expedition to Numl>er Four will te 
noticed the name of Lieut. Carver. This wtis the afterward noted 
traveller, Jonatlhan (^arver, who extended his tmvels to Mackinac 
and the Lake Superior country and upi)er Mississippi, and after- 
wards i)ublished his lx)ok of travels in London, where he died in 
want in 1780 at the age of foi-ty-eight yeai-s. This was one of the 
first puWished books of travel of a part of the country then almost 
unknown. It was afterward reprinted in this country, and may 
occasionally be found in old libraries. 

The i)ortion of the Crown Point Koad east of the mountain was 
not built until the next vear. In the earlv ])art of the season of 
17<)0, (ien. Amhei'st ordered Col. Goffe with a regiment of eight 
hundred men, raised in New Hampshire, to make a road through 
from Numl>er Four to Crown Point, or more properly to the Green 
Mountains. '' They crossed the Connecticut," says Potter in his 
Military History, " at Charlestown at Wentworth Fern'. On the 
west bank of the Connecticut and near the numth of Hlack River 
they built a blockhouse and enclosed the same with pickets, as a 
protection in case of disaster. They were forty-four days in cutting 
the road to the foot of the Green Mountains. Mile-posts wei*e set 
up to mark the distiince, there being twenty-six lief ore reaching 
the mountains." Williams, in his " History of Vermont,'' says : — 

*' "I'liey made such despatch as to join the army Jit Crown Point on 
the *:Ust of July, where thev embarked with Col. Haviland in bat- 
teaux and whalel)oats and sailed up Lake Champlain for Canada. 
The three divisions of the English forces under (tcu. Amhei-st, 
Gen. Murniy from Quel)ec, and Col. Haviland met near Montreal, 
which city surrendered without a struggle, and the French power 
passed away forever from Canada." 

Kespectiiig the Crown Point Road it wouhl l)e interesting to 
know further ptarticulai-s during the ju'ogress of the work, but I 
do not know that any such exist, the felling of trees and bridging 
of streams and ravines offer little to the imagination but hard 
work. The occasional trails of Indians wei*e o1)served in the 
woods, but no attacks were made, no Indians seen. The day of 
the Indian in A'ermont was passing away, and his favorite hunting 
grounds were soon to he cleared and settled by the pioneer. 



OF S1»KIN(JF1ELD, VT. 2D 

The personal history of Lieut.-Col. John Goffe, who commanded 
this expedition, is interesting as exhibiting the rare energy and 
ability of the man. He was of Scotch-Irish extraction, the same 
race which has furnished so many distinguished men to this coun- 
tiy. Bom in 1701 in Londonderry, Ireland, we next find him in 
Londonderry, N. H., then in 1737 in Bedford, N. IL, clearing up 
land and building mills. In 1746 he was captain of a company 
of militia doing duty on the frontier. He continued in military 
senice for many yeai-s tlu-ough the French War, and when the 
Revolution broke out sided warmly with his country. He died 
C)ct. 20, 1781, and has left his name to Goffstown, N. H. His 
son. Major John Goffe, was also distinguished in the Revolutionary 
War. It is notable that the first marriage in the town of Bedford 
was that of Tliomii^ Cliandler and Hannah Goffe, the daughter of 
Col. John Goffe, who were the direct ancestoi-s of the late Senator 
Zachariah Chandler of Michigan. 

There are others more or less remotely connected with the 
Crown Point Road, some account of whom would be interesting, 
did time permit, but enough has 1>een said to show that it was 
intrusted to men of no ordinary capacity. 

The early settlement of Springfield Wiis directly connected with 
the road. As Mr. Dartt has remarked in his able address at the 
Eureka Centennial, of the twenty-six families settled in Sjiring- 
field in 1772 most of them were settled along the Crown Point 
Road. Besides the conveyance of troops and supplies,, the roads 
for the first time opened up the State to settlei's. New and fertile 
land tempted the soldier to return and bring othei"s to make a set- 
tlement along the road. It may be doubted whether the Crown 
Point Road wiis used very nuich in its entire extent during the 
Revolution, for other roads had then been made, and Stark, when he 
went to Bennington with his New Hampshire troops from Charles- 
town, must have taken a more southern route, and we know he 
encamj)ed at Manchester. 

Among some original papei's of Major Simon Stevens of S])ring- 
tield, in the possession of the late Judge Pingrey, there is a 
(juaintly worded notification for town meeting, dated July 13, 1704. 
It is directed to Jehial Simmons, and the business to be attended 



80 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

to is, " Ist to choose a modei-ator to govern said meeting. 2nd, 
to see whether the town will accept of the roade, which leads 
through said town. 3rd, to see whether the town will repair 
said roade." 

From this it would seem that at that early period the town was 
not decided to accept the road for use, and make the necossarv 
repaii-s ; at any rate, it was under discussion. The fact« were that 
as the town became settled in other parts, other roads were built 
and tliis one fell into disuse, except a portion here and there. It 
is to l)e hoped that a survey of this road may be made and suitable 
memorials placed of a period and events which, although now 
passed away, were the school of our Revolutionaiy struggle, the 
success of which made us a nation. 

O. O. V,'. 

Detroit, Mich. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 31 



EUREKA. 



The fertility of the soil and accessibility by the Crown Point 
Road attracted settlers to Eureka at an early day. Lieut. Heze- 
kiali Holmes, who settled on the Curtis place, afterwards for more 
than a century the Hubbard farm, was one of the pioneers, 
locating there about 1772. Capt. Simon Stevens, who settled at 
the town farm, Capt. George Hubbard on the Curtis farm, and 
Nathaniel Weston on the Asahel P. Fairbanks farm, a little 
farther south, were prominent and influential in town affairs, and 
much respected for their good judgment and integrity. The 
military road from Crown Point became the usual route to Boston, 
and many of the farmers kept taverns. 

Roger Bates on the Christopher Ellis place, now owned by 
H. M. Arms, kept a store and tavern. Town meetings and 
religious meetings were held here. It is pretty well settled that 
the first schoolhouse in town was near his house, in H. M. Anus's 
pasture. Built about 1772, it long since disappeared. The sec- 
ond, — the Eureka Schoolhouse, — now in good state of preserva- 
tion, lias lieen in use a hundred yeai-s or more. Here was a 
famous school, sometimes one hundred and twenty-five scholai-s, 
and usually as many as eighty ; packed like sardines in a box, 
thev must have been. 

There were three stores on the Hubbard farm. The famous 
Wells & Newell store on the corner, built in 1790 or earlier, wa^ 
the centi*e of trade in the town. Here the payments for the 
building of the meeting-house on the Common were made, often in 
farm produce. 

This whole section was thickly settled. The fii'st settled min- 
ister, two fii-st doctors, and first lawyer lived in Eureka. The first 
manufacturing in town was nail making by a machine which wius 



32 HISTOKV <.>F THE TOWN 

operated in a shop on the Nic^hoLs phiee, where the shed now 
stjinds. A saddler's shop was U)cated hi the h)ft of the same 
buikUng. Ohl settlei-s assert that the lii*st store in the town was on 
the etust side of the road, nearly opposite where Wells & NewelFs 
store was afterwards built. Many interments were made in the 
cemetery here at the corner, a few marked with rough pieces of 
ledge stone and many without any mark at all. The graves of 
James Martin and his son and of Margaret Gaylord are marked 
with handsome slate stones. The timber for the meeting-house 
was brought here, but wiser counsels prevailed, and through the 
influence of Capt. George Hubbard the residents waived their 
cLaim to the meeting-house so as not to cause a division of the 
town. 

In 1803 Jennison Barnard and Nicholas Bragg built a sawmill 
on the brook at the entrance to Spencer Hollow. This mill did 
a good business in spring and fall, when there was plenty of 
water. 

Jennison Barnard had a blacksmith shop cm the site of what 
is now called Open Ridge place. This shop wjis burned, and 
another was built where the present paint shop stands. Mr. 
Barnard also had a brickyard where the sugar house now stands 
al)out 1703. Levi Ihirlow and his sons, Barnum and William, 
made brick here. Jacol) Tollman, who came from Thomaston, 
Me., also worked at brickmaking for Mr. Barnard. It is said that 
he discovered the limestone at Amsden. 

Jolui Mark, an eccentric! chamcter, built a rough stone hoiLse on 
the brook west of the Bragg place al)Out 1845. lie also i)Ut up 
a frame for a shop and built a dam. The building was soon after 
wiushed awav by a freshet. 

James Martin, whose widow married a Gaylord, kept tavern at 
the Gaylord place in 1793. Ashl)el Wells was in trade in the 
Wells & Newell store in 1791, and Joseph Selden a little later. 
Michael Lincoln & Co. were in tmde here in 1802, and they 
moved to the Common in that year, into the (loodrich house, which 
stood near the site of the present heai-se house. This wius the 
Ix'ginning of menrantile business in the village. 

In 1801 there were thirty-three taxpayci's in Eureka. Five 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 33 

families lived on the brow of the hill south of the place now 
o\\Tied by C. Homce Hubbard. 

There was a potash on what is now called the Nichols 
jJiice, on the east side of the road near the brook. 

The territory skii-ting tlie eastern slope of Rattlesnake HilU 
so failed, where now (1894) tliere is only the family of Mi-s. 
Achsa Grow, was once a thickly settled and prosi)erous commu- 
nity. The road up the hill northerly from the house of John J{. 
Cjill in Spencer Hollow, formerly passed by Mi-s. Grow's on 
into Weathei'sfield by the place of AUiert Sargent. This road was 
discontinued when the present road from Eureka Schoolhouse to 
the Bow was built, but in early times a good number of families 
lived on it, the houses having disappeared yeai-s ago. 

WELLS cS: NEWELL's STORE, EUREKA. 

One of the noted Iniildings in the early settlement of this town 
in the vicinity of the Crown Point Road was Wells & Newell's 
store. It stood on the corner, south of the Dr. Hubbard place, 
nearly opposite the old burying ground, and had a frontage of 
foily feet and a depth of twenty-four feet, two stories higli, and 
finished with the l)est of pine lumber. The ui)per story was used 
as a dwelling, except two corner rooms. That in the noi-theast 
corner, with windows eighteen inches square, was the jail, and that 
in the southwest corner was the court room. The building was 
well lighted in front by a row of four windows above and below, 
ancl the winding stairway was nearly in the middle of the house. 
The lower floor was the store, a rendezvous for dmt and gossip 
scarcely second to the tavern itself. That this building was well 
put together is shown by the fact that, when torn down, there 
were taken from it three hundred pounds of hand- wrought sjjikes 
and two hundred pounds of small nails for boarding puri)oses. 
Near the top of the stainvay in this building was a concealed 
vault, neatly closed by a sliding panel, the screws of which were 
deftly hidden with a covering of putty. Mr. James Whitney, 
when assisting in taking down the building, was recjuesteil to 
.shove uj) the mysteiious panel and find what it was so cleverly 
hiding. After much effort the panel was moved and a recess 



34 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

revealed in which were found eight dollai's in pewter money and as 
much more of genuine coin. When the plaster was removed, 
appearances indicated that rats had destroyed quite an amount of 
counterfeit paj^er money. A perfect sample of this was about 
four inches long and two in width, one side l)eing blank and the 
face having upon it the denomination, *' two dollai-s," and a picture 
of an Indian standing erect in his canoe as it i)assed rapidly down 
a swift stream, which to the initiated might imply that tliis cur- 
rency must be rapidly passed along. Through Mr. Whitney one 
of these bills has been presented to the Boston Museum, and is 
perhaps the only one that can he found at the present day. 

In 1847 as Elijah and James Whitney were building a wall in 
their east lot they had occasion to move a stone so heavy that it 
required six men to turn it over. When this was done, however, 
there was found beneath it an oblong space bricked up, making a 
vault about two feet by eighteen inches, in which was a stamping 
outfit for making pewter money, but water and time had so corroded 
the moulds that they crumbled at the touch. Money w«as made in 
these moulds from 1788 to the War of 1812, and, although it is a 
dense shadow to throw upon any lK)dy of men, it is said that the 
8olcliei"s were allowed, as a circuLating medium, as many pieces of 
tliis counterfeit money {is they had rounds of amnmnition. One 
of the counterfeitei's was called Bolton, and was a witch-hazel rod 
diviner. It is said that he was shut up or liid himself in a cave, 
near his house, which was connected with this bogus-money manu- 
facture, and wius found dead when they opened it to let him out ; 
but a more probable supposition is that he took himself off to 
regions unknown. 

PAUKEIl HILL AND HAllDSCKABBLE. 

After Sartweirs Hill and Eureka, the next settlement was on 
Parker Hill, about four miles south of the present village. It took 
its name from Lieut. Isaac Parker, who settled here about 1790. 
The name in early days only applied to the little hamlet of a 
dozen hoases or so on the top of the hill, but it has since been 
given to a larger area in that part of the town. This settlement 
was on the county road, so called, from Rockingham through 



i 



OF SPRING B^FELD, VT. 35 

Springfield and Weathei'sfield over the hills to Windsor, which, 
Qext to the Crown Point Road, was the most important highway in 
this section. Parker Hill became quite a business place before 
anything was built at the village, or Lockwood's Falls, as then 
called. There were two tnvems, a store, blacksmith shop, shoe 
shop, and a shop for making sleighs. Leonard Walker was the 
first blacksmith. He afterward had a store and also kept tavern in 
the house where Leon Cutler now lives. It is supposed that the 
first Masonic meetings in town were held in this hall. Leonard 
Parker also kept tavern. Leonard Reed carried on the shoe 
business, and Gilbert Evans also had a store after Leonard 
Walker. The Univei-salist Society held the first meetings here, 
the meeting-house being used for schools also. Russell Streeter 
was the minister and schoolmaster, and also worked at the 
shoe business. William Thayer had a shoe shop and tannery 
between Parker Hill and Hardscmbble. Martin Snell, Russell 
Streeter, Sherebiah White, and Peter White all worked in 
Thayer's shoe shop. Later Charles Holt and George Putnam 
made sleighs at Parker Hill. The Harlows had a brickyard 
here quite early, and it is not certain at which of four places bricks 
were first made, whether here, in Spencer Hollow near Levi R. 
White's, on the brook, in the vicinity of the town farm, or at North 
Springfield. The house on the Mclntyre place, where Silas Cutler 
now lives, was built by Ebenezer Fletcher. He also built tlie barn, 
which was the higliest barn in town and has since \yeen lowered. 
A man named Lockwood was killed at the raising of this barn. 

Hardsci-abble also became quite a settlement not long after that 
of Parker Hill. Phinehas White kept tavern where Heniy Burr 
lives. Benjamin Britton had a store in Hardscrabble, and calso 
Isa<ac Reed, soon after 1800. Bartlett Damon had a blacksmith 
shop there, and Simeon Damon made chaii-s. Daniel Thompson, 
brother of Aaron L., was a blacksmith in Hardscrabble. There 
was also a gristmill, and Elias Damon had a sawmill near Allen 
Woodward's. 

WEST HILL. 

Soon after the Lockwoods settled at the falls, wheie the village 
now stands, settlers began to locate westward on the hill, in what 



36 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

was at one time school district No. 11. Joseph Messenger, who 
came to the falls in 1785, located m the nortliwest corner of the 
district. Daniel Howe came in 1778, and settled on the top of 
the hill. Benjamin Aldrich came in 1786. Israel Taylor, Smith 
Ilolman, Sihos Bemis, Paul Chirk, and Rilev Gilkey were early 
settlers in this i)ai*t of the town. Silas Bemis lived on the fann 
since owned b}' the late J. M. Fullam. Asa Langsford once 
lived in a house not far from that of Daniel Howe, wdiich was 
afterward owned by Isaac Howe, son of Daniel. Isaac Howe, who 
is now (1894) living at tlie age of ninety-two, says that the Langs- 
ford house was gone Ixifore his remend)i*ance, and that he knows 
of at least forty house sites, between the Chester road and the 
road to Scrabble, where there were houses in early days. Rev. 
George E. Lewis says there are six faniLs in w^hat wius the eleventh 
school district that now have no buildings on them. Seth Wood- 
ward settled in the western part of this distiict in 1786, and 
Josiah Litchfield in 1788. 

Benjamin Lewis came here in 1808. He and Josiah Litchfield 
built the road which leads from where the schoolhouse stood down 
to the Chester road. The people of this section knew the value of 
good schools and of churches,^and sustained them. (See sketch of 
Reformed Methodist Church.) The schoolhouse, which stood 
iK^tween the Fullam place and that ow^ned now by U. (i. Noui-se, 
was built in 1812. Ranie Finney taught school in an old liouse 
on the Fowler place, afterward owned by Horace H. Howe. 
Simon House lived on the farm now owned by Lyman Whitcoml). 
David House also lived in this district. Jedcdiah and Samuel 
Ward were twins, and lived in a log-house east of Daniel Howe's, 
on land afterwards owned by Quaker Field. Hale Sartwell jvnd 
Eleazer Sartwell once lived on this hill, but moved over to the 
Tower Hill. 



N 




< 



X 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 37 



SPRINGFIELD VILLAGE. 



In early days the brook entered the river near what is now 
William H. Wheeler's store. The land on the east side of the 
river, the pi-esent site of Main Street and its buildings, from the 
Methodist Church nearly all the way to Altert Brown's residence, 
was a swamp ; the banks above were full of springs. It was a 
most uninviting place for the location of a village. Great pine 
and hemlock trees cast their dense shade over the river, which 
rolled in power and grandeur, imol)structed by the hand of man, 
spanned only by the arch of glowing colore formed in its spray by 
the -setting sun. Here William Lockwood, who came to town in 
1774, locating on the Seymour Lockwood farm, and bought land 
west of the falls, recognized the natuml facilities for business, and 
with his stalwart sons constructed a dam on the west branch as it 
Avas called, near the toy-shop dam, and built a sawmill. This was 
in 1774. A little later they built a bridge over the falls by fell- 
ing tall trees across the chasm for stringers. The date of the 
building of this bridge can only be appi-oximated by the lecord of 
1796, when it was voted to condemA Lockwood's bridge, and 
build a new one. William Lockwood then lived opposite the 
James Lovell place, once called the Esquire Wood jJace. Wil- 
liam Griffith built the firat frame house in the village in 1791. It 
stood on the river bank near the Kimball blacksmith shop, and 
was caiTied away in the freshet of 1809. He also built, about 
tlie same time, a fulling mill on the island, near the Gi-aham 
wlieelwright shop. In 1797 Col. Jonathan Williams l)ought 
Griffith's fulling mill and operated it. In 1800 he built the hotel, 
and in 1803 a hat shop where Leland's Block now stands. Amasa 
Houghton built the trip-hammer shop on the west side of the 



38 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

river, jiist above the island, and built a dam on the rocks to turn 
the water into the west bi-anch. His house stood where the 
Parks & Woolson machine shop is. It is said tliat he contrived a 
little device for running Mi-s. Houghton's spinning-wheel by 
water power. He was a man of great ingenuity. Dr. Hastings, 
of Charlestown, said : " He can make anything. I intend to have 
him make my garden seeds. It might trouble him to put the fuzz 
on the canot seeds, but I think he would do it." 

In 1798 Jesse Langsford had bought land of tlie estate of Col. 
Levi Hall, and with his brother built a house and chair shop. It 
stood in the garden of the George W. Porter place, just above the 
John C. Holmes house. His chairs were famous, some of them 
l)eing in common use up to this day. Later he sold out and 
moved to what was afterwards the Father Smiley farm. 

At the beginning of this century the Lockwoods had cut down 
many of the trees on the west side of the river ; but most of the 
village site on the east side was a dense forest. A quarter of a cen- 
tury later the great stumps were refeiTcd to in deeds as lot corners. 

Samuel M. Lewis had put up a shop on the east side of- the 
river, now Wheeler's store. Lester Fling and Lewis & Seymour, 
in 1795, put up a gristmill, where Cobb & Derby's mill stands, 
and a little house for the miller, near the fountain. Samuel M. 
Lewis built a house where F. G. Ellison's house is, which was, 
after many yeai-s, cut in two and moved up the brook, being the 
Jackman house and the Proctor house. Mr. Lewis's office and 
woodshed were on the site of the Washburn Block. A small log- 
house stood where the hotel is. These were the only improve- 
ments made in Main Street previous to 1800. There were no 
roads where the village now stands, only bridle paths where freight 
was sometimes carried on drags or ox sleds. Henry Lockwood's 
house near the sawmill, Jesse Langsford's, Amasa Houghton's, and 
Elisha Brown's on Seminary Hill were the only' houses in the 
village on the west side of the river. The poi)ulation of the town 
at this time was 2,032. 

Col. Jonathan Williams had built in 1795 what was so many 
years the Crain house, on the site of Adna Brown's house, and 
sold it to Peter Noui-se, a tailor. This house was moved to a spot 



OF SPRINGFIELD, V^T. 39 

opposite R. L. Lo veil's house, where it now stands. Thomas 
Stoughton, a harness maker, lived in a little log-house just below 
the Common Schoolhouse. Here were born Henry and Edward 
Stoughton, noted lawyers. Horatio G. Hawkins, a carpenter, 
lived in a log-house on the Common. Michael Lincoln, who kept 
stoi-e in Eureka in 1800, kept store in the Goodrich house, near 
the hearse house, on the Common. A little later he was at Bmd- 
f ord Harlow's, and had a potash and distilleiy with Samuel Lock- 
wood. Asahel Draper, who had formerly lived in Eureka, had a 
blacksmith shop on the Common, and lived on land of David 
Reed's now owned by B. F. Dana, near Miss Grace Chipman's 
house. David Darrah kept tavern in Wales's Tavern, now 
Sparrow's Block, as early as 1802. Daniel Hougliton bought the 
sliop that is now Wheeler's store, dammed the brook, and made 
spinning-wheels. In 1804 John F. and Daniel Brooks built the 
Brooks store on the site of Woolson's Block, since moved up 
the Bi*ook Road, and occupied as a store by M. W. Newton. 
Daniel built the James Martin house, and a potash and black- 
smith shop near by. Li 1805 Francis Goodhue, Elli(»t Lynde, and 
Daniel Rice had a store on the Common, near the heai*se liouse. 

Wlien the meeting-house was located on the Common, Lester 
Fling bouglit land of William Bragg just north of the site of the 
contemplated meeting-house, and almost under the eaves of the 
sanctuary, on which to build a tavern, having a license to sell 
liquor. The people remonstrated against tliis, and requested the 
town authorities to armnge with Mr. Fling and Mr. Bragg for 
another building lot for a tavern failher away from the meeting- 
liouse. Failing to accomplish this, they made an exchange with 
Mr. Fling, deeding him a building lot just south, or a little east of 
south, of the present site of Walker Newton's house, on the west 
side of the Common, wheie Mr. Fling built the first tavern in the 
village in 1795. A public house was kept here for many yeai-s. 
William Bragg lived in Heniy H. Mason's tenement house, north 
of tlie cemetery, now occujued by Heniy Leonard. 

In 179fi Dea. Joseph Seidell, who had ke])t a store on Hubbard's 
corner, opposite the cemetery, in Eureka, since 1791, ])ought land 
nortli of the Common, and, in 1798, land between Hilaiid Bou- 



40 HISTOIJY OF THE TOWN 

telle's house and the covered bridge and extending to the river. 
Mr. Boutelle's house was built bv Elliot Lvnde in 1802. It was 
for many yeare owned by Selden Cook, and eariier was the home 
of Vice-President Morton in his ]K)vhood. 

The first sexton was Benjamin Clark, who lived at the corner 
of tlie cemeteiy, whei-e the Cady liouse was. His wife led the 
singing at the oUl church with Col. Jonathan Williams. 

In 1800 or thereabouts a liouse was built north of the Pingry 
Block, near the river, whei-e Daniel Houghton lived. In 1807 
James \Vhii)ple and Elliot Lynde bought of Daniel Houghton the 
Wheeler stoi-e, which Lewis & Seymour had built for a shop, 
and traded there three yeai-s. Then Mr. Whipple l)ought the 
B. F. Dana land of Phineas Reed, and built a house. He also 
bought a Imilding, which had l)een used as a lawyer's office, in the 
angle in front of Hiland Boutelle's house. He lived here for a 
short time, and then moved it to a point near Miss Gi*ace Chij)- 
man's house, and there oi)ened a store. 

I7p to 1812 there wa^s no road where Main Street is l)elow 
the falls bridge. The tmvel from Charlestown turned north at 
the west end of Cheshire bridge, passed Col. John Barrett's house, 
and followed the Crown Point Road to the tavern on the Chase 
faini, now H. M. Anns\s place ; thence it i)assed by the Stoddairl 
Tower and Dea. Bates's farms to the village. The tmvel from 
Bellows Falls came through Rockingham Centre, striking the 
countv road near the Stoddaixl farm, then on to the hill road 
alwive ScmbUe, and, going by the Jerry Wood i)lace and John 
Hall's, passed to Elisha Brown's on Scminarv Hill, then l)v Brad- 
ford Harlow's, and, swinging round the north brow of the hill, 
came down a little west of A. M. Allbe's and the Messer place 
into the i)resent road. 

The need of more direct and easy connnunic^ation wiis urgent. 
A survey of a road up Black River from Cheshire bridge had been 
made the year before. The influence of Isaac Fisher, Samuel M. 
Lewis, and other j)ublic-spirited men carried the i)roject to suc- 
cess, and the road was built a.s far as Wealherslield and Chester 
lines. It is said to have cost the town sixteen hundred dollars, a 
large sum for those days, and that Abraham, Timothy, an<l Oliver 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 41 

Putnam took the job. Tlie bridges were already built. The one 
l)elow Morris's Mills, not far north of the pi-esent Nathan White 
bridge, was built by Isaac Fisher, and was called the Fisher 
bridge. Some parts of the road, especially that known as Gill's 
<higway, above Mon-is's Mills, and that section along the banks of 
the river alx>ve the village, involved great labor. Many farmers 
turned out with their help and teams, giving their lal)or in addi- 
tion to their share of the U\\, 

With the building of the cotton factory, by Isaac Fisher, in 1811, 
of the woollen and cotton factorj' by Col. Williams in 1812, and 
the opening of the new road from Cheshire bridge to the falls of 
Springfield Village, the manufacturing industry of Springfield, 
which has since gained such comely proportions, giving prosperity 
to the town, and sending the products of its inventive genius and 
its skill to all i)arts of the world, may he said to have had its 
birth. 

Kli lliiskins carried on the tanning business in 1800, near the 
C<»leraan Haskins i)lace. Stephen Moi-se stmted a tainieiy at the 
cab-shop site in 1807. In 1813 he sold it to Levi Carlisle. Later 
it was owned by David Brown, his son William T., and Albert 
Brown. In 1850 the yjird was given up. Eli Ames had a tan- 
vard near Oilman & Townsend's in 1820, and William Thayer 
one on Parker Hill the same year. Abel Page ran a tiinyard in 
the hollow west of Charles Johnson's (the W. S. Lovell place) in 
1H27, which was continued by Joshua Davis and by Thoma^s 
Brown. Fred Barnard had a tanyard at the North Village 
in 1839. • 

Early in the century, Isaac Fisher had a machine shop where 
the present cotton mill stands. This was burned in 1831. In 
1817, Don Lovell carried on carding and cloth dressing in the 
gristmill. In 1819 he erected the present woollen mill, where he 
continued custom work and the manufacture of cIoUls until 183<), 
when he sold out to the Village Falls Manufacturing Company. 
Noah Saflford had a foundry, which was fifterwards bnrned, near 
wliere Graham's shop is. On the corner, in what is n»)w Slack's 
sho<ldy mill, was John Holmes's lead-pipe factory, with Homce E. 
Hawkins's furniture shoj) in the upper story. North of the 



42 HISTOKY OF THE TOWN 

bridge, where Sandera's furniture shop was, and Barney's maiUe 
works are, was a blacksmith shop in 1 812, owned by Luke ParaonSv 
and later, a sandpaper shop run by Daniel Adams, Hiram Spaf- 
ford, and Vespasian Messenger. Still farther north was a linseed- 
oil mill. Acrass the road were the cotton mill and F. A. Portei's 
card factory. Ilii-am Hawkins and Smith K. Ilandall made shoe 
pegs, in 1835, near wliere Oilman's shop now is. The business 
was run later by Isaac G. and Ii*a Davis, by Alpheus Batchelder 
who moved it to Gmham's shop, and by John and John C. Holmes, 
who moved it to White River Junction. Asaliel Draper had one 
of the first blacjksmitli shops in Eureka, if not the first. Later he 
had one on the Common. Arthiu* Field liad a shop on the brook 
where he made hoes, and George KimbjiU had one on Main Street. 
Noah Saflford made stinw^ cutters opposite his house below the 
Wliitmore house. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 43 



NORTH SPRINGFIELD. 



WRITTEN HY MKS. LOUISA ORIS WOLD FIELD.* 

I OFTEN think, as I call to mind the exertions our early friends 
made, shall we be willing to do as they did ? To take upon our- 
selves the responsibility of so great labor for the good of our com- 
munit}', without recompense ? Their church, scliools, and libraiy 
were mostly, if not wholly, supported by subscription. They had 
no church land, or town to assist in building their churches, or 
taxes on their farms to pay for the support of the minister. No, 
even the gi'ave3'ard was owned by the community, eacli man buy- 
ing his own lot. These things made them self-reliant ; and if any 
improvement was suggested, if approved, they had only to see if 
they could afford it. 

The Freewill Baptists settled a minister quite early (Elder 
Place, who lived and died here), holding meetings where most 
convenient, sometimes in their houses and sometimes in barns. 
Richard Lee and Elder Rolph (or Rolf) used to preach, also many 
itinerant preachei"s. After the schoolhouse (which stood on the 
spot where the Baptist Meeting-House now stands, and burned 
about 1813) was built, they held meetings there. After a time 
Oliver Cook, Daniel Bacon, and othei-s built a meeting-house, 
which was called the Christian Church. It stood many yeai*s, and 
was burned by an incendiary. The Ba])tists built a house of wor- 
shij), with the assistance of other denominations, in 1815 on the 
hill. A poi-tion of it now stands, and is owned by Mr. Chedel. 
Walking in some Sabbath, one could see on the right side of the 
broad aisle the pew of the Freewill Bai)tist deacon, and west of 

•This article was written in the years 1881, 1882, and 1883. It was finished in 1883, when 
Mrs. Field was In her seventy-sixth year. 



44 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

tliat the pew of the fiituie Congregationalist deacon. At tlie head 
of the west aisle was the pew of a standi Univei-salist ; while 
the two corner pews were occupied bv a Baptist and Congi-egation- 
alist. It wius like this all over the honse. Each pew was filled 
with a goodly number of old and young. For some yeai-s thei-e 
were no means of lieating the house, as stoves were not then in 
use, not even in dwellings, but one was suiv of a cheerful fire 
and seats, wliere all could wann themselves, and the old ladies 
could renew the fiie in the little pfins in their foot-stoves, at Dr. 
Wel)ster's. His dooi-s were always kept open for the accommo- 
dation of the church-goei-s. As he usually led the singing, the 
work of keeping the house so comfoi-table must have fallen to the 
lot of MiN. Webster. In after yeai-s stoves were put in. One 
thing we have to l)e ashamed of, Dr. WeKster has no stone to 
mark his grave. He did not die with us, but was brought here 
and Imried bv tlie side of liis wives. 

Next to Dr. Webster's was Obadiah Streeter's shoe shop and 
house, where Romanzo Weightman now lives. I will next speak 
of the house recently taken down, occupied at an early day by 
Capt. Kedfield. In this liouse the library was kept. Books were 
taken out every Saturday. In tlie barn the summer scliool was 
kept by Miss Belknap, after our lii-st schoolhouse was burned. 
As every village has its haunted house, so this was supposed to 
be haunted. Large num])ers went there to liear the groans, etc. 
The casiilgs were torn away, but no satisfactory causes for the 
strange noises could be found. 

I will now commence at Kendrick's Cornei-s. Davis Griswold's 
cider mill was built when the settlei-s raised apples more than 
sufficient to supply their tables. It wjis quite a large building, 
finished off at the top to store the apples. Sometimes in summer, 
meetings were held there. It was a kind of landmark, l)eing one 
mile from the bridge over Black Uiver when the road was used 
Ixjtween the Farnham and Swift houses. The next house (Purdj- 
Haywood's) was built by Russell Lock wood about 1828. Next 
was Charles Wescott's. He was an early settler from Rhode Is- 
land, a verv decided man. It is said of him that he was wild in 
his youth. At oiui time when he and his companions were hav- 



OF SPKINGFIELD, VT. 45 

ing a bigh time, they proposed burning everything in the room. 
Some one told him to take the Bible and burn it ; he hesitated. 
- What, a little afraid, Charles ? " '' Yes, a little afraid." He 
liad considerable to say in school meetings, and sometimes abused 
his opponents. They had had a violent time, and lie became very 
much excited and talked hard to one of his neigliboi-s. That 
neighbor went noith during the winter, and while he was away 
Wescott experienced religion. When his neighbor returned and 
lie saw liim coming, lie met him, asked his forgiveness, and was so 
penitent that no one doubted his convei-sion. The next house 
was Fniucis GriswoUVs. Mr. Griswold bought the C'apt. Wescott 
house after his death, and tore down his own. Joseph Lewis now 
lives thei-e. VV^e will now go down the hill, across the biook to 
the house now occui)ied by Mi-s. Knight. John Griswold lived 
there. He must have been an early settler, as his first chiUrs 
})irth is i^corded in 1772, and he was i)n)bably here some time 
Ini'fore that event. The fii*st store was in the front part of this 
house. Thomas and Nathaniel Fullerton, of Chester, owned the 
g^oods. James Robinson was their clerk. A sahel Streeter's black- 
smith shop stood opposite. Several rods east, near the brow of 
the hill, stood the i)otash. Next was Dr. Webster's, where Julia 
My rick now lives. Dr. Wehster wtis the first settled physician. 
Next Olmdiah Streeter's shoe shop and dwelling. Next the house 
on the corner, known as the haunted house. These have been 
mentioned l)efore. We will now turn the corner. On the left is 
the gmveyard, purchased by subscrii)tion in 1810, deeded to the 
town in 187G. Many had their dead removed from the Jacob 
L<»ckwood graveyard. On the north lived John Williams, said 
to have Ix^en one of the lii-st settlei^s. Nearly opi)osite was 
Thomas Place's house. Meetings were sometimes held in the 
Ijarn. Farther on, on the north side near the Perkinsville road, 
stof)d Job Crosby's house. Following on towards Baltimore, on 
the top of the hill toward Leonard RediieUrs, was Thonuus Smith's 
house. Near Leonard l^edfield's Wiis the Blockhouse, said to 
have l)een built by Timothy Williams, great-grandfather of J. W. 
Lock wood, whether for security from the Indians or for a sul)- 
stantial dwelling 1 cannot say. I su])pose the Indian trail was 



46 HISTOKV OF THE TOWN 

through Baltimore across the mountain. It crossed Black River 
just below the covered bridge near the house built by Abigail 
Lyndes, aftenvard owned by John I). Ward. Several curiasities 
have been found near the bend of the river, — a stone implement, a 
gun barrel a foot longer than tlie usual length, arrow-heads, etc. 
An Indian dressed in his blanket, with his squaw and papoose, 
passed through the place as late as 1830 or 1831. A school wiis 
kept in the Blockhouse mentioned above as early as 1793, per- 
haps earlier. Some of tlie timbei's of this building are in the 
Redfield barn. The next house is Dennis B. Allen's, built on tlie 
opposite side of the road from the one occupied ])y his father. 
The Allen farm was purchased of John Griswold in 1810 by Jona- 
than Allen, father of Dennis B. David Boynton lived in the fii-st 
house on the Woodbuiy farm. The next house was built by 
Dea. Jonathan Woodbury after he purchased the farm of Daniel 
Bacon, whose ])uildings were on the south side of the road. 

We will now commence near Chester line. Here was Luther 
Field's fann, now owned bv Mrs. Amos FairUmks. It had 
one of those houses with a large cellar kitchen and dancing hall 
so noticeable .among the Rhode Island emigrants. Next was 
Oliver Cook's sawmill (near Granville Lehand's house), built at 
an early date. Next on the same side of the road, opposite the 
Lewis Cook place, wius the brickyard and kiln. Opposite stood 
tlie Christian Meeting-IIouse, and a little farther down was Thoma^s 
Cook's house. The house now standing was built by Lewis Cook 
in 1863. Oliver Cook built the house on the hill where Mav Ann 
Cook now lives. Next to Lewis Cook's is the house built bv 

ft 

Carter Kobinson. John Hall's house was moved from the Widow 
Newton's farm, near the Riley Phillips place. The house owned 
by Mr. Chedel was built on the spot where Mr. Burke's house now 
strands, by Philo Hitchcock. Mi's. Keith's house was built by 
Wesley Lock wood about 1856. Opposite wa.s Moses Bixby's 
house and shop. The next house on the south side of the road, 
now owned by Ozro Perkins, was built by Col. John Boynton at 
a very early date. It fornierlv stood l)etween Altert Davis's and 
Luther Wan*en's, and was taken down and put up in its present 
place by Levi Carlisle fifty or sixty years ago. Carlisle had a 



OF STMUNGFIELD, VT. 47 

lanyard. The house owned by Mrs. Dyer was l^uilt by Allen 
Bates. The house occupied by Edmund Lockwood and Warner 
Earle was built by Thomas Place. He (Place) was a fun-loving 
man, and any joke played upon him was relished by his friends. 
He had a fine lot of watermelons, and then as now they were apt 
t«> Ihj stolen. He delayed picking them, as they were not quite as 
ni>e as he would like them. One morning rising early he looked 
toward the watermelon patch, and what a looking patch I It was 
strewn with rinds and parts of melons ; vines and slices were scattered 
all around ; even the kettle which hung out of doors, and wfus used 
on washing days, was trimmed with vines, and the garden decorated 
generally. One neighbor after another came along and sym]>a- 
thized with him, and soon quite a crowd collected to hear liis 
troubles. Some one suggested going to the garden to see how much 
mischief had been done to the patch. Not a melon had been picked 
nor a vine pulled. A fun-loving neiglior had taken his own melons 
and vines and strewn the garden. Mr. Place saw that he was sold, 
and it was many a day ere he heard the last of it. Next to Mi-s. 
Keith's, on the north side of the road, is the house occupied by 
Svlvester Burke. It was built by him in 1847. His store, built 
in 1837, is changed into a dwelling and occupied by his son Sid- 
ney. Next is the Baptist Church, built in 1835. The iii*st school- 
house was built on the same spot as early as 1811, but was burned 
in a few yeai-s. Formerly tliis place had much trouble with the 
schools. It first commenced by hiring a teacher who was a 
foreigner but well educated. He called veal, "weal," and veni- 
son, **• wenison." Some thought the best English was none too 
good, but, notwithstanding tlie opposition, he was hired, and he 
vented his spite on the scholai-s of his oi)ponents. Even little 
ones of scarcely more than half a dozen yeai-s were ferruled until 
their hands l)ecame swollen. 

The schools were supported by suljscription, and the next ques- 
tion that arose was, shall the wood and l>oard be reckoned on the 
scholar ? The contest was so strong that it resulted in two schools, 
each party supporting its school for two years or more. This 
wiis a great dniwlmck to education ; jind the loss of tlie school- 
house by fii'e, compelling the schools to be kept in barns and other 



48 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

places, also resulted to our disadvantage ; while Perkinsville, with 
Mr. Spring for teacher seven winters, modelled as good a set of 
pupils as could be found in any town. He succeeded in putting 
a polish on his scholai's such as is rarely seen in common schools. 

Next to the church is the pai-sonage, built in 1870. The 
next house, owned by David Lockwood, was built l)y two i)aities, 
the upriglit part by Ephmini Leland and Edmund LockwocKl, the 
low ])art by Allen Bates. The house occupied by Mi's. Abner 
Field and D. J. Boynton was the fii>it tJivern in North Springfield, 
It formerly stood on the corner where Mi*s. Moses (White) New- 
hall lives. Nathan Lockwood built the brick front (on the cor- 
ner) al^)ut 1819 or 1820. The other part of this house was built 
alK)ut 1800. Here the Indians used to stop an<l have their dances. 
Dea. Abraham Lockwood built his log-cabin on the spot w-hei*e 
this house now stands, when all around was a wilderness. After- 
ward he settled on the farm owned bv Charles Eaton. 

One thing we have to rejoice over, the abolishment of *- turkey 
shoots,'" a relic of barbarism. The turkey was tied on to a l)ox, 
and placed a certain numl)er of rods away to be fired at, for so 
manv cents a shot. The ])lacc usuallv selected was l)ack of 
Emery Parker's house, on account of the hill, so that the shots 
might do no harm. Many would kill, but not all. Then they 
would "hustle" as it was called, a kind of gambling. Later in 
the evening gambling would commence and last, perhaps, tus long 
as the money lasted. I'hc turkey shoots usually commenced on 
Friday, an<l continued until Saturday nit^ht, and sometimes later, 
(iambling was a besetting sin for a certain class in and around 
North Springfield. It kept them in debt and sunk them in ruin. 
Some lost their little farms. Had not the temperance movement 
been advanced, we would have been in a sad condition. The in- 
habitants of this new country wished to have all the comforts of 
the older towns. They planted orchanb*, and, the soil being new, 
they yielded bountifully, more fruit than was needed, but the ivst 
nuist not l)e wtisted. So distilleries s])rang up and converted their 
apples into cider brandy. As there was little or no sale for it, 
they carried it home for their families to tip[)le. They did not 
think of the labor in gathering the fruit or making the cider, but 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 49 

did not like to see the fruit go to waste. Althougli not a very 
desirable drink, it partially satisfied a desire for stronger drink, 
but made bad work in many families, and when total abstinence 
came up, why, there were so many times when it could not be 
<lispensed with, it was out of the question to give it up. But some 
conscientious ones began to realize whither we were drifting, and 
to wake up to our danger. Dea. William Davis had a barn to 
raise, and he was determined to raise it without the use of liquor* 
He j)rovided refreshments, but the men said they would not work 
without liquor. After a while, however, their l)etter natures jn-e- 
vailed, and the work went on. This caused the outbreak; people 
began to see where they stood, for or against. Conscientious per- 
sons could see where they should be, and it made a great gap* 
The war raged violently, but the temperance element prevailed^ 
and a little ••'Cold Water Army" sprang up, numbering forty 
niembei-s. They held meetings, spoke pieces, etc., and the princi- 
ples of temperance, which with many will never be forgotten, 
were planted in their minds. At that time T. S. Arthur printed 
a newspaper with many temperance stories, which helped the 
cause. His " Six Nights with the Washington ians " caused quite 
a sensation. About that time John B. Gough was rescued by his 
daughter, Hannah. 

Fred J. Field's house was built in 1871. The store was built 
by James Litchfield as a dwelling-house for his son, Otis B. 
Litchfield, but wjis changed to a store in 1831. Oi)posite the 
store stands the house of Ira Lockwood. It was built for a store 
as early as 1821, but altered to a dwelling-house by Jotham 
Bartlett. Next came the gristmill and house. The mill stood 
where Mrs. John White's bam now stands, and the house a little 
west of it. The mill was rebuilt as early as 1822 b}' Cyrus Boyn- 
ton. The first miller was Elder Roberts's father. John White's 
house was built alx)ut 1834 or 1835. The brick house on the 
comer was improved — the wood part moved away and brick put uj) 
to take its place — by Allen Bates. Here was kept the first 
store (after the one on the hill was closed), by Phineas Wales; 
George W. Kimball, clerk. 

The first house on the road from the old meeting-house on the 



60 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

hill, as you approach the village, was l)uilt by El^enezer Pike, not 
far from 1826. It was torn down a few yeai-s ago. A little 
farther down, on the oppovsite side, stands the house of Emer}' 
Parker. The lii"8t liouse was built by Dr. Ariel Kendriek alx)Ut 
the year 1829 ; afterwards burned, and i*ebuilt by Mr. Parker. 
The next building is our thini schoolhouse, built not far fi-om 
1829 or 1830. The next, owned ])y Asa FuUam, was i-ebuilt by 
Sylvester Burke and Abner Field. The house on the lower cor- 
ner was built by Allen Bates, who gave the Common to the village, 
a part of which was lost l)efore the law was made which allows 
no one to hold public lands by possession, George Jolmson kept 

a store in the west end (at the time tliat Chase and John 

Perkins kept a store where Mi-s. White's store now stands, wliich 
was burned alnmt 1827 or 1828, wlien occupied by Frost & 
Litchfield). A tanyard was put in, and a tanning, currj'ing, and 
shoemaking business earned on for several veal's. In the garden 
was a small house occupied by Levi Haywood, and afterwards by 
Cyrus Haywood. Dr. Micajah Martin's house was commenced by 
Benoni Lockwood, Esq., but was not finished for seveml yeai-s, per- 
haps in 1820. Darius Streeter lived there, and built a shop where 
Emery Parker's shop now stands. In front of this place was one of 
tliose lovel}' si)ots that nature ahnie knows how to l)eautify. The 
brook ran as it now runs, and the small brook crossing Mi-s. Tolles's 
garden united with the hirger brook, near the shop. This delight- 
ful spot was covered with large trees, among which were the button- 
wood, elm, and ash. The trees were so large they kei)t out the smaller 
growth, and left a nice carpet of grass, whi(*h made it always a 
pleasant [)lace to walk in. Mr. Nathan Lockwood's peacocks used 
to spend the night in the tall trees, wliich showed their taste for 
the Ijecautiful. The house owned by Richard Bradford was built 
by Levi Damon about the year 1820. On the oi)posite side of the 
street (Mr. Cole's) was our second schoolhouse, built alx)ut 181 tJ. 
Here we cross the old road which ran north thmugh Mr. Bi-adford's 
garden, and south over the bridge, then southeast until it united 
with the now travelled road. The house now owned by Sally Smith 
was built by Lewis Howe. The nc^xt hoUvse, owned by Mrs. 
William Chandler, was built by Martin C. S])icer. El)enezer Pike 
built the house 0])posite, where Mi-s. Morey lives. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 51 

We will now ascend the liill, and stop at Dea, Mai-tin Boynton's 
home. This was built by Daniel Griswold about 1792 or 1793. 
Whether or not it was built lief ore the present road was laid out, 
I am unable to say, but the road seemed to have been between the 
rows of aj)ple-trees. The house opposite, owned by Dea. O. E. 
Averill, was built upon the flat by Martin C. Spicer. Dr. Ariel 
Kendriek's house was built in 1867, 1868. The house that for- 
merly stood on the corner was built by Joel Griswold, afterward 
kept as a tavern, was burned, and rebuilt by Aljel Brown, burned 
the second time whej^ occupied by Mr. Gregory. It was that 
kind of spontaneous combustion which arises from too much in- 
surance. The first house wjis built in 1821. The house that 
now stands on the comer was built by Leonard Parker alnrnt 
1855. Opposite stands the house of Joel Griswold, built about 
1839. It was kept as ?i temperance house (the tavern on the corner 
having been given up in 1832). This was the last hotel kept in 
North Springfield. The house owned by Dexter Martin, and 
burned in 1884, was built by Henry Dyer in 1840. The house 
opposite, now occupied by Mrs. William Johnson, was built by 
Joel Griswold in 1831. We will now pass to the John Farnham 
house, and the next, owned by Mi*s. John O. Weeden. These 
w^ere built by John Farnham and Leonard Parker about 1840 or 
1841. The house near the bridge was built by Henry Martin 
in 1861. 

We now come to the Mills, This was one of the earliest 
settled localities in this vicinity. Here Nicholas Williams built 
his first house ; he could hear the wolves call and answer each 
other from the neighlxjring hills. The old house stood long after 
he built his new house, and sometimes a fox would be seen peer- 
ing out of the window, much to the sur[)rise of the children. 
Here was one of the loveliest strolls in tliis vicinity ; here we 
found the rare cardinal flower, the groundnut, the beds of wild 
roses, not more than a foot high, reaching to the water's edge. 
The grapevine that festooned the tall trees that skirted the bank 
of the river, combining with the dark evergreen that mirrored 
itself in the river on the opposite bank, made it a place of i*are 
beauty. Here in autumn were found the butternut, the frost 



52 HISTORY Oi^ THE TOWN 

grape, the choke and bhiek cherry, the thorn apple, the winter- 
green berries, and all those fruits so grateful to the youthful 
appetite. 

The first house l>eyond the mill was built by Esquire Benoni 
Look wood for Mrs. Bundy, his daughter, in 1840, 1841. The 
second house was built by Lorenzo Loekwood. The third house 
built about 1844, and occupied by Esquire Benoni Loekwood, was 
burned in 1873 or 1874 when oocupied by Cephas Loekwood. The 
fii'st dam was i)ut across the river by Oliver Cook, but was 
carried away ])ef(>re any mills were erected^ The mills were built 
by Joel Griswold or Allen Bates. 

We will now start fiom the corner house, owned by Charles 
Leland. The building oj)posite, iLsed as a cheese factory, and the 
fii'st house on the left were built by Lorenzo Loekwood. The 
])lacksnnth shoj) was built by Frank Hall as late i\s 1880. The 
house on the etist side of the road, owned by Alfred Stanley, was 
built by Mr. Boyce. Formerly there was a sawmill between this 
building and the cheese factory, owned by Joel Griswold. The 
house owned by Mr. Adams wius built by Nicholius Williams, after 
the bridge was built across Black River, and the road laid out to 
Wcathei*sfield line. He was the same Williams who settled at 
the mill, was the father of Timothy and Eleazer. Farther on a 
road leads to the Benjamin Barnes i)lace. It was formerly lease 
land, and leased to Mr. Barnes by Lewis R. Morris. The house 
was burned, but another was built. Farther south, near the Cnin- 
berry Pond, were two houses, one occui)ied by Benjamin Spooner, 
the other by Joshua Bruce, but they long since passed away. 

We will now start at the covered bridge. The fii'st house w'as 
built by Abigail Lyndes, not far from 18:20. The next, owned by 
Leonard Piper, wa,s built bv Edmund l^ockwood al>out 1831. The 
next was occui)ied by Mr. Eaton, afterward used Jis a clmir shop 
by Ej)hraim Buri)ee. The house, burned a few yeai*s ago, and 
owned by Ransom Rumrill, was built by Ephi-aim Smith. Next 
stood the blacksmith shop, kept by Mr. l\nil)ody. It wa.s at this 
shop that the boys had their large Jew\s-liari:s made. Major Clark 
occupied the next house, which Mr. Bugl)ee now^ owns. It was 
built bv Nathaniel Hudson. Now we come to the house on the 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 53 

flat, occupied by Elislia Lockwood, and the lioiise on tlie hill, 
north, occupied by Ezekiel Lockwood, both sons of Jacob I^ock- 
AvcKxl. These places are o^yned by Sardine Parker and Mi*s. 
Lvmau Lockwood Munson and son.*^ 

We will now return to the Edson X. Pierce faim. Here Amos 
Lockwood lived with his father and mother, Mr. and Mi's. Jacob 
Lockwood. The next house was occupied by Richard Lee, more 
familiarly known as Gi*andi)a Lee. He distilled all kinds of 
herbs. ITie childi*en picked wintergi^en for him, and were 
j)aid in picture }x)oks. Next is the house owned by Daniel Bur- 
liank, built by John Haywood, Jr., and occupied by Oliver 
Williams as early as 1826. The house on the west side of the 
road (John D. Ward's) w«as owned by John Haywood, Sr., grand- 
father of Mi-s. Hiram Newton, Mi-s. Spencer Cook, cand others. 
The house owned by Albeil Davis was built by Beaman Boynton. 
The house near by wjis built for Levi Miller. 

We will now return and go up the hill to the house built by 
Nathaniel Hudson, better known as the Richard Smith place. 
(Within a few yeai-s the house has been moved to Si)ringfield 
village.) We will pass down the hill to the house occupied ])y 
Laban Knight, then north to a house occupied by Matthew Pierce, 
then across by the old schoolhouse to Mr. Bixl)y*8. His son, 
Capt. Bixby, occupied the house near. Retracing our steps and 
travelling south, we ariive at the house built by David Stimson, 
Init bunied a few yeai-s ago, when owned by Mr. Nason. This 
was one of the early built houses. The next was occupied by 
El)enezer Cook. These houses were built more tlian eighty yeai*s 
ago. Next comes the Taylor place, cleared of every vestige of 
habitation. In a few veai-s one will hardly realize that here were 
farms that produced well, and whose owneis brought up large 
families and sent them out with sometliing to stiirt homes else- 
wliere. 

* MrB. Dexter Martin Bay8 that Sardine I'arker'd liuuoe oriKinally btood on tlie other Hide 
of f^qalrc Baker's, bat* on account of the water, it was moved to hiprher irround, and stood 
for a time back of the " Spring " house. It was moved to its present location by Rice Childs 
in IMO. The house owned by Squire Baker was commenced for a large liotel, In 1SI9, by 
Jacob Lockwood. Large barns were erected, but were destroyed by Arc tlie following year. 
The project was given up, and the liou<»e sold to Enos Bigclow. Sardine Tarker'n house was 
built a few years l)efore 1819, and the Ezekiel Lockwood place (Mrs. Mun son's) still earlier. 



54 HISTOHY OF THE TOWN 

Now we will stait at the bridge by William Cole's. Mrs. 
Fisher's house was built forty or fifty years ago. The next house 
wa^ built by Mr. Jones ; the next by J. Wesley Lockwood. 
Clark Allen's liouse, built by John White, was moved from tlie 
bank of the brook. Between its former and present location stood 
tlie potash, whicli w^as erected, I think, by Chase & Perkins; 
also the house in which Eliakim Ellison lives. The house owned 
by Mrs. Barnard Carleton was built by Hannah Williams, daugh- 
ter of Abraham Lockwood. 

The liouse that stood between Colbuni Livingston's and Frank 
Snell's (taken down some years ago) was built by Amos Lock- 
wood, son of Abi-aham I^ockw^ood, as early as 1810. The house 
owned by Fanny Wheeler has so many times l^een taken down 
and rebuilt, that it is difficult to tell bv whom it was built. 
Probably none of the house that stood there in 1817 remains. 

We pass on south to the Keith Mill. The water power be- 
longed to Benoni Lockwood. Here stood one of the fii-st saw- 
mills, if not the very fii"st, in the settlement. Benoni Lockwood 
wfuj tlie gnindfather of Wesley, Cei)has, and Lorenzo LockwocJd. 
The house near the mill Avas built by Salmon Cook. We will 
go up the hill to the house owned by I)ea. Abrahfim Lockwood. 
The old house was taken dowai, and the new one built, by Sylves- 
ter Ellison. Farther up the liill is the farm known as the Bur- 
bank place. This house was built by Luther Lockwood. Paul 
Haywx)od, gmndfather of Lorenzo, Charles, and Pui'dy Haywood, 
built the next house, oecui)ied afterward by Ephmini Martin. At 
the end of the road a Mi*s. New-ton lived. On the hill east was 
Dea. Seidell's place, and dow^n near the French Meadow lived the 
Phillips family. 

In the brick house beyond the milldam, on the road to Chester, 
lived Benoni Lockwood. After crossing the bridge below Mre. 
John White's, the first house on the right, owned by Marj- Per- 
kins, was built by Jared Dow^ns. The liouse opposite, Eliakim 
Ellison's, has l)eeii previously mentioned. Sylvester Winslow's 
house was built in 1868. The house nearly opposite, o^vned by 
Philip Lord, wtis built by George Earle in 1879. The next 
building is the Advent Church, which was formerly a Congrega- 



OF SPllINC.FIELD, VT. 55 

tional chui-ch in Perkiiisville, and ^as moved to its present site 
about 1856. The large house opposite was built by J. N. Lock- 
wood in 1870. The two smaller houses on the cross street, one 
occupied by the Misses Harris, the other owned by Frank Snell, 
were also built by him. The small house beyond the Lock wood 
house was built by J. Colman Bowen. The next house, owned 
by Melvin Chapman, was built for a Widow Spaulding. The 
house farther on, where the two roads meet, was occupied yeai'S 
ago by Zara Mann. 

We will now commence at tlie house below Fanny Wlieeler's, 
owned b}^ Page Perkins. I'his was a church not many yeai-s ago, 
built by the Advents about 1860. Below this lived Perley New- 
ton. Now we pass down the road to " Pine Hill." The present 
road runs veiy nearly where the old one did. Here Joseph House 
lived. The next house, Mr. Russell's, was built by Edmund Lock- 
wood sixty-seven or sixty-eight yeare ago. His early married life 
was spent in this home. Formerly Edmund Lee lived in the 
Lewis Lock wood house, built before 1807. Many years ago it 
was l>urned and the i)resent one built. Next is the Jacob Lock- 
w^ood farm. The first house, one of the oldest in this vicinity, 
was burned. The giuveyard was on this faim, and there is every 
indication of early settlement. Those hardy pioneers must have 
faced many hardships, and suffered from insufficient food, before 
they cleared land enough to raise the bread they needed. The 
potato was not prized as it now is. Ten bushels were sufficient 
for a large family. It is told that a lady went to visit some 
friends, and while there one potato was given her. She put it in 
her work pocket, and hung it on the bedpost near the fire, and 
kept it for future use. The streams were then filled with trout. 
An expert snarer could snare them almost as fast as one could 
pick them up. Pigeons were i)lenty. A lady told me that when 
she went to live in their log-cabin in Chester, her husband had to 
take a pole and drive them away. They salted a half-l)anel of 
the breasts of the birds. But pigeons did not last the whole year, 
and the streams were frozen during the long winter, when subsistr 
ence was difficult. Some of the earliest settlei-s went to the 
French Meadow for grass to keep tlieir cows during the winter. 



56 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

But tliose hard times passed a^tay, and better times came. Their 
hardships made them strong, self-reliant, and able to meet the 
stern realities of life. The settlei-s were mostly from Rhode 
Island and Connecticut. Those from Rhode Island were Demo- 
cmts ; those from Connecticut, Fedemlists. Freemen's meeting was 
genei-ally a very stormy gathering. The Democrats were, perhaps? 
a little the stronger; yet (ien. Morris, Col. Barrett, Dr. Cobb, and 
Es(juire Lewis were Fedenilist«. This lasted until after the War of 
1812, when the party feeling gradually lessened. It was at this 
time that the ei)idemic, spotted and lung fever, which swept over 
Perkinsville, visited this i)lace, but with less severity, although in 
some families several died, and some heads of families were taken. 
Alx)ut eighty died in this town, and forty in Perkinsville district. 
But soon the comforts of life l>egan to appear, and grim want 
took its departure. We will take a peep into some of those earl}' 
homes. The good housewife has her web oi tow cloth woven, and 
is ready to make the summer i)ants for the men and l)oys. When 
she sews she may as well have a visit with her neighbor, so she 
puts on her clean checked apron and starts off. The houi-s j)ass 
quickly and i)leasantly, and, as tefitime approaches, the lady of 
the house gets her spider, draws out some coals and ])Uts the 
sjdder on them. Then she proceeds to make the shortcake. She 
takes her cream, then lard, and, perhai)s, a lump of hard embei-s 
with boiling water poured on and strained, then moulds {ind puts 
it in the spider. After baking for a time she turns it up towards 
the fire, and bakes it until done. It was usually made of wheat 
or barley. This with a cup of tea constituted the supper. Very 
little cake was used. Pound and election cake were made at long 
intervals. They hired their ginger])read made. The receipt wiis 
known to only a few. It was a delicious article, and was sold on 
all public occasions. Supi)er was usually of bread and milk, or 
imdding with cold l)oiled dish, or beans, or whatever was left of 
the mid-day meal. The Rhode Island women were excellent 
l)rown bread makers, and their various dishes made from corn meal 
were truly suri)rising. Their toai^t with cream gmvy was nifide 
by wetting the Indian meal with milk, a little soda and salt were 
used. Then a little of the mixture was taken in the hands, and 



OF SlMaNGFIELD, XT, 57 

patted until it jujsumed tlie shape of a small cmcker. These small 
cakes were fried in lard, split open while hot, and chopped into 
the gi*avy. Another dish was made of scalded meal, with salt to 
season. The cakes were patted thin and fried in lard. These 
were eaten with butter. Tlieir suet and other Indian cakes and 
puddings, too numerous to mention, formed a nice assortment with 
which to gratify the appetite. 

The Connecticut women were noted for their nice wheat and 
rve l)i-ead, made with hop and malt yeast, their election and pound 
cake, also their broths ; but to whom sliall the l)ean porridge be 
ci-edited ? Many of these dishes have disaj)peared, and new ones 
have taken their places, for l)etter or woi*se one can hardly tell. 
Barlej" was sometimes used for cake and bread. Oats were sel- 
dom used, except when there was a scarcity of other grnin, on 
account of bitterness. What pai-t of New England shall ])e given 
tlie credit of the pumpkin pie ? It w«as a Godsend, coming as it 
did before small fruits were plenty or apple-trees old enough to 
yield fruit. 

The War of 1812 caused hard times, as we manufactured so 
little. For everything bought, fabulous prices were paid. The 
price of good calico was five shillings per yard. Had it not been 
f«»r our wool, tow, and linen, we must have suffered. The Hax- 
liieak was heard all winter, and the little linen wheels were about 
the kitchen from the first of March until the last of May. Then 
the weaving commenced. In the mean time the younger girls 
spun the tow. Each one was kept busy. No idlei-s were al- 
lowed. The cold seasons were very hard for this peoj)le. For 
tliree yeai-s no corn was raised in North Springfield. I think I 
saw snow on tlie hills of Chester the 6th of June, 1817. I hardly 
know what we could have done, had not our ])lain lands yielded 
good (*rops of rye. 

Without canals or i-ailroads, with imi)erfect roads across our 
mountains, transportation was anything but satisfactory. A man 
came from one of the mountain towns for rye. He said his chil- 
dren had been without bread for days. Fortunately after these 
cold seasons came yeai-s of j^lenty. Crops were abundant. Corn 
fifty cents, and rye fifty-eight cents. Then they fattened their 



58 HISTORY OF THE T()W^' 

pork and poultry. Each farmer expected to go to Boston to make 
his sales. Many started together, and hy the time they reached 
Keene, N. H., their number had largely increased. While spend- 
ing the nights at the taverns along the road, they held mock trials^ 
and every conceivable device was resorted to for their enjoyment. 
Their return was anxiously looked for, and many were the luxu- 
ries brought home, — fresh fish, quintals of salt fish, cakes of loaf 
sugar, molasses, coffee, misins, tea, and spices ; also silk dresses 
for the wives and daughters. A silk di-ess could be bought for 
seven or eight dollars, and silks were considerably indulged in. 
It was then that the farmer could take his ease, and enjoy the 
comfoils and luxuries of his home. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 59 



POST ROADS, EARLY STAGING, FREIGHTING, ETC 



Ik October, 1795, the Legislature of Vermont, at the session at 
Windsor, appointed Paul Brigham, Lewis R. Morris, and Oliver Gal- 
lup to lay out a post road from the north line of Windham County 
to the north line of Windsor County, beginning on the noith line 
of Windham County at the place where the committee from Wind- 
ham County had laid the road leading through that county from 
the south line of the State. This road was laid out in 1796, and the 
original survey is on record, but evidently it was not built until 
some time afterwards. It was laid from Rockingham line up the 
river, and crossed Black River by a bridge near the upper end of 
James E. White's meadow ; from there to the Connecticut, and up 
that river to Windsor. This road was never satisfactoiy to the 
majority of the people of Springfield, as they wanted the road farther 
west: and in 1799 a large number of settlers petitioned the Legis- 
lature for a new survey, but without avail. The town of Springfield 
appointed a committee to make surveys and report to the town. 
This committee reported that, with few alterations, the county 
road, heretofore described, would be shoi-ter and better than the 
road up Connecticut River, and also reported two other routes pref- 
erable, in tlieir opinion, one of which would lead from Rocking- 
ham meeting-house by the meeting-house in Springfield, on by 
the meeting-house in Weathersfield, and join the river road at 
Willard Dean's in Windsor. 

In consequence of the post road being located up the Connec- 
ticut, there was no post office in Springfield until 1817. The in- 
habitants went to Weathersfield Bow or to Charlestown for their 
mail. In 1817, through the influence of Wm. C. Bradley and 
Samuel W. Porter, an office was secured, and Judge Porter 



GO HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

appointed postmtister. The post office was in wliat is now known 
as the Pingry Block. 

EAKLY STAdlXG. 

It appeal's tliat when the post office was establislied at Spring- 
field in 1817, and aftenvards up to April, 1829, the mail was carried 
from Hartford, Conn., to Hanover, N. H., by Brewster & Sargent 
and Horatio Sargent «S: Co. Then Pettis & Skinner took it. 
In July, 1831, the balances in favor of the government began to 
l)e deposited in the United States Branch Bank at Burlington, 
and there were no more drafts on the postmaster in favor of mail 
carriei's. It seems that in 1824 one C. L. Kockwood had a contnujt 
for carrying the mails once a week l)etween Charlestown, N. H., 
and Manchester, xia Sj)ringfield, Chester, Chester Village, Andover, 
Weston, and Peru, for 't^215 per year, and sublet it to Gen. Ful- 
ler for -^150 a year. About this time or somewhat earlier the 
Springfield Stage Company was organized, and a stage route 
established between Charlestown, N. H., and Manchester, with a 
capital of i\\e hundred dollai-s, at ten dollars a share. Tlie following 
list of proi)rietoi's is i)reserved : Xomlas Cobb, Davis Bates, Phineas 
T. Wales, Samuel W. Porter, Noah Safford, Aaron Wales, Geo. 
Washburn, Luke Williams, John & (^hfirles Chipman, Enos 
Brown, John Stevens, Paul Clark, Samuel Hall, Pliilip Safford, 
Joseph Whitney, Don Lovell, H. T. Wheeler, John White, M. 
& E. Hogei-s, xVaron P. Lynde, S. Cady, M. Snell, George Clark, 
Perez Whitcoml), Moses Bates, Isaac Fisher, Moses Chase, Aljel 
Brown, Jonathan Chase, Leonard Walker, J. W. Dui-ant, J. W. 
Adams, Thayer tS: Whitney, Jacob Whitcomb, Philip Cook, 
David Brown, James WhipjJe, Isaac Wetherbee of Charlestown, 
Tliomas T. Barrett of Chester, and Aaron Lehind of Landgrove. 
The fii^st meeting was held at tlie house of Aaron Wales, Dec. 81. 
1820, and Nondas t-obb wa>s clerk. 

The stage comi)any tried to l)uy out Rockwood & Fuller 
witliout success, and then, through the influence of Judge Porter, 
and Wm. C. Bmdley, tlien in Congress, procured an order from 
John McLean, Postmaster (Tleneral, dated Feb. (>, 1824, directing 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 61 

them t() take charge of the route, and to have the same pay for 
transporting the nmil once a week and <as much oftener as the 
stage runs. At the end of the fii-st year Messi-s. Nomlas Cobb, 
Davis Bates, Samuel W. Porter, James Whipple of Charlestown, 
N. H., Thomas T. Barrett of Chester, and Aaron Leland of Land- 
grove, l>ought the interest of the other proprietoi-s and continued 
the business. 

The first stage driver wiis F. Buzzell. One of tlie bills shows 
that the drivers wei*e paid nine doUai-s per month, and another 
indicates that the proprietoi"s paid tlie driver's board. The 
receipts the first tliirteen weeks in 1824 were '^^l 13.15, l)esides mail 
money. A schedule of mail contracts dated May 17, 1825, 
i-ecjuii-es the mail to leave Manchester every Monday, Wednesday, 
and Friday, at four o'clock P. M., and reach Charlestown the day 
following at two o'clock P. >i. ; and leave Charlestown everj- Mon- 
(hiy, Wednesday, and Friday at nine A. M., and arrive at Manches- 
ter tlie following morning at eight o'clock. 

In 1836 Samuel W. Porter, James Whipi)le, Nomlas Cobb, 
Simson Leland, and Luke Williams were engaged in ruiming 
stages from Walpole, N. IL, towards Hanover, on the Connecti- 
cut River, and from Drewsville, N. H., to Perkinsville, Vt., and 
hatl twenty-six hoi-ses in the business. James Whii)ple afterward 
l)o.ight out the othei-s, and in 1845 sold the staging to George M. 
Dickii.son of Charlestown, N. H., who carried it on until the Sul- 
livan County Railroad was built, when he sold the route to Saun- 
dei*son & Putnam. They operated the route several yeai-s, and 
sold to Edward Ingham. Later the property was lx)ught l)y 
S<|uire Baker, and lie sold out to Frederick (t. Ellison, the i)resent 
proprietor. 

FIRST POST OFFICE. 

The first postmaster of Springfield was the Hon. Samuel W. Por- 
ter, who served from Nov. 24, 1817, to July 1, 1828. The whole 
net income of the office for this term of nearly ten yeai-s was 
J^47.03, or al)out ¥87 per year. The salary of the postmaster, 
taking the year 1824 as an example, was •ii«50.(J], made up in this 



62 HISTOltY OF THE TOWN 

way : thirty per cent on letter postage collected^ fifty per cent 
on newspaper postage collected, and two cents each on free 
lettei-s. 

The postage on lettei-s ranged from six cents to fiftj" cents, 
averaging twelve and one half or fifteen cents. From Windsor, 
Woodstock, Montpelier, Hanover, and Rutland, it was ten cents. 
From Boston, Albany, or St. Johnsbuiy, twelve and one half cents; 
New York, twenty cents ; Xew Orleans, fifty cents (twenty-live 
cents if prepaid). Almost the wliole of the postage was collectible 
at the office of delivery, and a large part of it was trusted out 
and charged on the book, to tlie receivei-s of the lettei's. From 
Julv 1, 1819, to July 1, 1820, the sum of *31.63 was collected 
for postage, and '^22.39 charged on the book, and all collected 
later, as it all appears to l)e crossed out. That this lx)ok account 
of postage was the privates affair of the postmaster would appear 
from the fact that a charge, Sept. 22, 1819, of fifty cents for an 
account took was disallowed by Postmaster-Geneitil M. C. Meigs. 

A charge of one dollar for a sign for the post ofKce met the same 
fate. For some reason, prol)ably the high rate of postage and 
scarcitv of monev, manv lettei>j were not taken from the ofKce, 
and after lK»ing advertised at a cost of two cents each by Simeon 
Ide in the Vennont Republican and American Yeoftuni of Wind- 
sor, they were forwarded to the dead-letter office. In the year 
1824, when th.e poi)ulation of the town wiis two thirds as great as 
now, of 1,089 letters received at the office, with postage amount- 
ing to -f 141 .57 (an avemge of thirteen cents each) unpaid, 948 
were delivered on payment of postage or cliarging of same, and 
141, or one in six, remained and were advertised. Seven tv- let- 
tei*s, with postage amounting to -^9.171^ j)repaid, were mailed at 
the office in the same year to be forwarded to other places. On 
the 4th of March, 1825, Kussell Burke mailed at New Orleans a 
letter weighing one quarter of an ounce to Luke Williams at 
Springfield, covering a second draft of exchange for $175, and 
advising him that the fii'st draft of exchange for tlie same was sent 
March 3, by ship *' Azelia." March 31 this letter had not arrived. 
June 30 it wiis reported *' on hand," and uncalled for, Mr. Wil- 
liams having probiibly received the fii-st dmft of exchange, and got 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 63 

the money, did not care to pay the fifty cents postage for a dupli- 
cate, and so it was advertised, and the 1st of October sent to the 
dead-letter office. Nov. 22 the Postmaster General returned the 
letter to Judge Porter, the Springfield postmaster, as " valuable," 
and wrote him detailed instinictions that " if the pereon addressed 
is not found, it be returned to the postmaster at New Orleans, to 
be delivered to the writer." The judge probably thought it had 
travelled far enough, so exercised his discretion in " cutting red 
tape," and put it away among the post-office papei-s, where it still 
lies. 

The rapiditj^ of transmission in those days is shown by the 
record of a letter mailed at Washington, D. C, April 12, 1819, 
and received at Springfield, June 5. Some of the above 
amounts have been anived at by taking avei-ages, where the exact 
figures could not be found in the records. But they are fairly 
ac^curate. The attention to details given at that time by high 
officials is illustrated by the fact that Postmaster-General Meigs 
wrote an autograph letter of instructions as to the dead letter 
al)ove refeiTed to, instead of trusting a subordinate officer or clerk 
to send instructions on a printed form. 

FREIGHT BUSINP:SS. 

Jonathan Chase opened a store for general trade in the Chase 
Block in 1825. It was his custom to go to Boston once in two 
months or so, ^vith a four-hoi*se team, for goods, his wife keeping 
the store while he was gone. Alx)ut 1827 Solomon Randall 
started a four-horse team. After a year or more, Russell Burke 
and Aaron L. Thompson, who were in trade in the Brooks store, 
helped him to increase his team to six hoi*ses. Randall was 
obliged to give it up. Burke & Thompson took the business and 
James Walker drove the team, until about 1834, when Caleb 
Taylor bought the business, and ran an eightrhorse team. He 
sold out to Coburn & Davis. 

Hamlin Whitmore owned and i-an a four-horae team for many 
years, while in trade here. Samuel Taylor i-an a four-horse team 
to Boston thi-ee or four years. Perkins & Dun.can, who traded in 



64 HISTOUY OF THE TOWN 

Wheeler's Block, ran a four-lioi-se team sevenil yeai"s. Benjamiu 
F. Dana, who was a clerk in their store, drove it sometimes. 
Cai)t. Aaron P. Lyiule, who started in alx)ut the same time as 
Caleb Taylor, with three hoi^es, increased his t^am to six, bought 
out Perkins & Duncan, and finally mn two eight-horse teams* 

Edward Putnam and Sanderson ran a team for some years. 

Jonathan Martin became interested in the business with Sandeiv 
son, and it was moved to Newport, N. 11. Finally the proi^erty 
was divided. Martin took his share back to Springfield, and 
Madison Martin drove the t(\ani. Jonathan Martin sold the busi- 
ness to Ellis, Hritton tJc Eaton in 1807. They ran it twelve years, 
and sold it to Levi Rice in 1879. He carried it on several years, 
and sold it to Lock wood tS: Lewis, who sold it in 1894 to William 
II. Lovcland, who is usin<; from fifteen to twentv horses in the 
business. 

After the railroad wius completed to Nashua, the teams went to 
that point for freight. The trips were shortened from time to 
time, as the railroad extended, until about 184t>, when the fi-eight 
came by rail to Charlestown. In 1808 the people of Springfield 
contributed in mone}' and labor to cut through the hill, and make 
a road from Cheshire bridge to the line of the road, and Spring- 
field station w as established, where most of the freight now comes. 

HOTKLS. 

In early days, when travel wa,s wholly by teams, many farmei'S 
kept i)ublic houses, and there was no lack of tavenis. The two 
fii-st in this town weie, i)robably, the one on the Christopher Ellis 
place, kept l)y Josejih Little, and one on the site of the present 
town farm, kept by Simon Stevens. Joseph Little sold out to 
Lieut. Koger Bates in 1778. There was a tavern at Eureka very 
early called the Gay lord Tavern. Leonard Walker kept tavern on 
Parker Hill very early, also the Parkei's. Phineas White kept 
tiivern in Ilardscrabble, where Henry Burr now lives. Thei-e was a 
tavern in Spencer Hollow, on the farm now^ owned by John R, 
Gill. The fii'st tavern at North Springfield stood on the comer 
where the late Sylvanus Newhall lived. Later Joel Griswold 



I\V SI'I!IN»H-'1KI.I', vr 




66 HISTOKV OF THE TOWN 

kept a texupenmee hotel at the North \'illage. There was a tav- 
ern on the Common where Walker Newton's house stands, kept by 
Lester Fling, and later by James McAllister. Probably this was 
the first hotel in the village. The Browns also kept hotel on 
Seminary Hill. It is said that Col. Jonatlian Williams built the 
fii-st hotel on Main Street, where the pi-esent one is, alx)ut 1800. 
It was a small affair at tii-st, and Moses Fairbanks was prolxibly 
the first landlord, soon aft^r 1800. After him came David Cakes, 
and then Col. Williams came in, and lie was followed by Russell 
Burke. Moivy Lee kept it next, and he was followed l>y Geoi-ge 
Johnson. Edwin Durrin was in the hotel alK)ut 1827, and from 
that time up to 18t37 the different landlords were, Benjamin 
Sawyer, Hamlin Whitmore, David I). Winchester, Henry H. 
Mason, Jonivs B. S|>encer, Josiah Si)encer, I). C. Gibbs, Fales & 

Eaton, Moses F. Cluuse, Howe, Edward R. Backus, and 

Francis Long. In 18t>7 the pi*oi)erty was puivhased by George 
O. Heniy, and he kept the hotel until 1884, when he sold it to a 
syndicate of some six of the leading business men of the village. 
Mr. Henry was a strict tempenince man, and he clearly demon- 
strated the fact that a hotel can Ix? kept in the l)est manner and 
made to [)ay without the sale of intoxicating drink. No liquor was 
sold on the premises during the seventeen yeai-s that Mr. Henry 
was proprietor of the hotel. This house was fii-st called the Black 
River Hotel, and afterward the name was changed to Springfield 
House. 

After Mr. Henry sold the property to the syndicate, they em- 
ployed at diffei-eiit times a,s managers, Conrad, Frank 

Barney, Jr., and W. F. Miner. In 1880, through the efforts of 
Adna Brown and some othei*s, the Si)ringfield Hotel Comininy 
wiis fonned. The old building wa.s torn down and the present 
hotel building wjus erected, which in all ib* appointments Ls 
excelled by few in the State. The present managei-s are Eddy & 
Davis. 

In 181<) there were at least six hotels in Springtield, — one at 
North Springfield, kept by Carlisle, two in the village, one 
on Parker Hill, one on the farm now owned by I). O. Gill on 
Connecticut River, and one on Seminary Hill kept by Brigjulier 



OB' Sl'KINGFIELD, VT. 



t)7 



Brown. Henry Wliitcomlj, who has done nemly Jill tlie work of 
repairs on the lintel buildings which wei-e torn down in 18»1. 
Htatex that the whole eoHt of re^min* on the hotel from tlie time it 
was built until takeu down wa» not lesH tliaii fifteen thousand 
dollars. 

The Adnabi-own, built by the Springfield Hotel Company in 
1889. is one of the beut appointed hotela in the State. It is built 
of brick in the most substantial maimer. The house has all the 
modem improvements, including electric lights, steam heat, elec- 
tric bells, etc. Thei-e are firBt-elass accommodations for seventy- 




five guests. The sanitary iirrangemcntw ai-e of the best. The 
rooms Hi-e lat^e, light, and airy, and all furiitsliings are excellent 
and in the Ijest taste and style. Messrs. Eddy & Davis, the 
present managers, are liberal caterers, and the cuisine is under the 
jiersoiial sujiervision of Mr. N. S. Eddy, whose ability in this line 
is well known. He was at one time manager of the Welden, 
at St. Albans, also of a winter hotel at Jacksonville, Fla., anil 
later the Junction H<iuse at White River Junctiim. Mr. E. A. 
Dnvis. the junior member, Wiis funiierly a commercial traveller, 
and later assistant cashier in the Natioual Bank at White Kiver 
Junction, which [Kisition he gave iiii to assume charge of the 
Adnabi'own. 



68 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



BUSINESS STATEMENTS. 

In the year ISiiS the business men of Spnngjield petitioned for a hank^ and in sujf 
port of the petition made ajffidavits in regard to the amount of business in totcn 
as folio tr s : — 

Holmes, Whitinore & Co., manufacturers of sjitinet . . $65,000 

Adolphus Merriam, raaiuifaoturer of satiuet .... 25,000 

Alleii Shepard, manufacturer of paper 40,000 

David M. Smith & Co., manufacturers of clothespins . . 40,000 
FuUerton, Martin & Co., manufacturers of cotton warp and 

sheetings 30,000 

S. M. Bates, manufacturer of shirts 20.000 

Woolson & Parks, manufacturers of machinery . . . 15,000 

John C. Holmes, manufacturer of machinery .... 2,000 

Alpheus Batchelder, manufacturer of shoe pegs . . . 1,500 

Abiel Smart, manufacturer of ox bows and axe lielves . . 1,200 

F. B. (iilman & Co., manufacturers of machinery . . . 1,500 

James F. Brown, manufacturer for Merriam .... 5,000 

Mitchel & Shepardson, iron foundry 18,000 

George Kimball, manufacturer of liorse rakes and builder . 10,000 
F. A. & G. W. Porter & Co., manufacturers of machine 

eanis 6,000 

Henry H. Mason, manufacturer of trusses and supporters . 8,000 

Burke, Church & Others, manufacturers of sythe snaths . 12,000 

Seidell Cook, manufacturer of boots and shoes . . . 5,000 

F. AV. Johnson & Co., manufacturers of boots and slioes . 7,000 

F. W. Porter & Co., jewellers and druggists .... 12,000 

Luke Taylor, manufacturer of mop heads .... 1,5000 

Thomas Taunt, manufactures for Holmes, AMiitmore & Co. . 8,000 

Samuel Hollins, tanner 5,000 

Thomas 1). Brown, tanner 8,000 

AV. Davis, merchant tailor 5,000 

J. O. Morgan, merchant tailor 3,000 

(;eo. Washburn, harness maker 5,000 

Henry Harlow, harness maker 2,000 

T'hompson & Dana, merchants 50,000 

Cook & Bovnton, merchants 25,000 

Fay & Forbush, merchants 15,000 

John W^hite, merchant 7,000 

Leverett M. Snell, merchant 8,000 

Burke & Lockwood, merchants 8,000 

ITnion Store No. 196, merchants 6,000 

Edmund B. Lee, merchant 6,000 

John Chipman, hat store 3.000 

Charles F^abaree, grocer 15,000 

Whelden & Fisher, dealers in lead pipe and stoves, workers 

in tin, sheet iron, and copi)er 25,000 

O. M. Whipple, drover 30,000 



OF SPiaNCJFrELD, VT. 69 

Phin. Bates, drover ^0,000 

Jo8. Colburn, wool buyer 17,000 

James Lovell, wool buyer 8,000 

Sanderson, Putnam & Co., livery, teaming, and staging . 15,000 

Daniel Gushing, deulcr in flour, grain, and plaster . . . 5,000 

John Taylor, butcher 10,000 

Geo. W. Porter, merchant 5,000 

Henry SaiObrd, builder 2,500 

(Jeorge W. Kimball, Jr., sleigh and wagon ironer . 2,000 

R. T. Johnson & Co., sleigh and wagon ironer . 7,000 

Smith K. Randall & Co., stone cutters 11,000 

Charles Hawkins, builder and manufacturer of doors and 

sash 4,000 

^671,200 
()otol)er 10, 1853. 

SViUm^nt of the Quantity of Merchandise and Produce hronyht into and taken 
from S/nungJield^ in one Year^ from March^ 184/*, to March, 1840. 
Collected for the Committee of Statistirs hy Samuel Whitcomh. 

Tons. 

By Coburn & Davis, for various merchants and other . . . 330 
Adams, Bundy & Co. (exclusive of freight by Coburn & 

Davis) 20 

Adams, Bundy & Co., on hand, to be sent in March, 184({ . 20 

Davidson & Parks 20 

Spafford & Davis 80 

Jonathan Chase (exclusive of public freight) .... 27 

VVhitmore & Williams, wool and other articles. ... 23 

John Holmes 20 

A. & W. T. Brown, tannery . • 30 

Johnson & Nourse, foundry 50 

Daniel Adams 38 

Jonathan Martin, cotton mill 26 

Ira <fc Isaac Davis 15 

Porter & Dana (exclusive of freight by Coburn & Davis) . 7 

R. & N. Burke (exclusive of freight by Coburn & Davis) . 25 

George Washburn, 160 casks of lime, 600 pounds each . . 45 

Abner Field & Co 25 

Sylvester Burke & Co 25 

John White 30 

Solomon Sanders 10 

Sylvanus Blanchard (exclusive of freight by Coburn & 

Davis) 2 

Jonathan Martin, for others 20 

D. D. Winchester 2^ 

Whelden & Randel U 

The Card Company (exclusive of freight by Coburn & 

Davis) 3 



70 



HISTOKY OF THE TOWN 



Tou0. 

AVm. M. Meesengcr, livery 8 

Forty fanners 160 

All other farmers 40 

Edmund Lockwood 50 

E. A. Knight & Co., pniKM- mill 300 



'1^ 



Total tons 1,483 

The (Quantity of Flour, 

Barrels. 

B}' Jonathan Martin 800 

Daniel Gushing 600 

R. & X. Burke 150 

Abuer Field & Co !200 

John White 

Sylvester Buike 100 

Jonathan Chase 86 



Total barrels I,a3r» 



Statetnent of Amoujit of PreiyfU hnnujht into and taken out of Spn'ngiflehl in one 

Year from Sept. i, 1S92, to Aug. 31^ ISoh. 



IN' FREIGHT. 



1892. September 

October and November 

December 

1893. January 

February 

March 

April 710.52 

May 589.18 

June .......... 433.11 

July and August 1,178.93 

Total brought in, tons 7,144.92 



Ton?*. 
539.78 
1,131.13 
682.83 
542.70 
5.36.61 
800.13 



OUT FHEIGHT. 



1892. September 
October and November 
December 

1893. January . 
February 
March 
April 
May 
June 
July and August 

Total carried out, tons 



TonA. 

147.53 

344.12 

122.0.^ 

126.97 

134.84 

152.20 

140.19 

139.05 

115.23 

1S3.80 

1,(K)6.04 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 71 

GROWTH OF THE TOWN IN POPULATION. 

In 1771, by a census taken under authority of the State of 
New York, there were one hundred and foi-ty-one inhabitants in 
the town. The first Constitution of the State, adopted in conven- 
tion at Windsor, July 2, 1777, provided that each town having 
eiglity taxable inhabitants within a period of seven yeai-s after 
tlie establishment of the Constitution sliould l)e entitled to two 
representatives in the General Assenildy, and all othei*s to one. 
In 1781 Springfield had two representatives, Abner Bisliee and 
Jolni Barrett, hence there must have been at least eighty taxable 
inhabitants at that time, and the population may Ije estimated to 
have been between four and five liundred. 



lu 1791, by the first United States census, the number was 1,097 
and the town ranked t\\'enty-8econd in the State. 

1800, sixth in rank 2,032 

1810, third in rank 2,556 

1820, second in rank 2,702 

1830 2,749 

1840 2,625 

1850 2,762 

1860 2,958 

1870 2,937 

1S80 3,137 

1890 2,881 

EXPENSE OF THE BUSINESS OF THE TOWN IN 1850. 

Russell Burke, treasurer $6.00 

Samuel Steele, selectman 13.00 

Daniel Gushing, '' 14.00 

John White, '' 5.00 

John Perkins, overseer 29.50 

John Perkins, trustee 10.00 

John Britton, lister 7.00 

Parkman Davis, *' 7.00 

John Holmes, •' 8.00 

Ephraim Walker, superintendent of schools .... 22.00 

Auditors' services 7.00 



812S.50 



Population at this time was 2,762. 



72 HISTORY OF THK TO^VN 



CHURCHES. 



('on<ji:k(;ational chukch. 

Kklkuoi's iiu»etint^s were held in town as eiirlv as 1773. Mi's. 
William Hmg*;-, a daughter of Hezekifili Holmes, was eight years 
old when she eame to Springfield, with her father, in 1772, and 
remembered that tlu» people met for publie worshij) in the frame 
house of Joseph Little, and that her father was railed '^Bishop'* 
Holmes, Ix^cause he read the sermons. At a town meeting in 1778 
John Nott and Jamt»s Dumphrey were chosen tithingmen, which 
implies that meetings for woi"ship had l)een held pi-evious to this 
time. A tow^n meeting was called Dec. 16, 1779, to mise money 
to pay for preaching, and at this meeting they subscribed j£62 
lOx., of which £o») was dut* the minister. This is evidence that 
there had In^en preaching the year l)efore. At the same meeting 
it was voted to settle Mr. Treadway,* and a committ<ief was 
chosen to confer with him as to terms. No lecord of Mr. Tread- 
wtty*s preaching has l)een found, but it is probable that he WH» the 
minister, a ])art or all of the time, from 1777 to 1780. 

At a meeting held Mav 22, 1781, it was voted that '*monev l)e 
1-aised by tax according to law to i)ay for preaching," and a com- 
mittej wiis ai)])i)inted to "secure a minister,*' ** «and likewise to 
agree upon a piece of ground to set a meeting-house on,'' and to 
report at the next town meeting. 

Now begins the great controversy over the building of a meet- 
ing-house, an account of which is given elsewhere in this b<iok. 

* Rev. James* Treadway was broiiirht u]> III CoU'healer, Conn. He wait grailuatcil from 
Vale College In 1759, ami ])rt'aflii*«l in Alstcad, N. U.. fnnn 1773 to 1777, when he came to Ver- 
mont, anji probably to Si)rln;rlU'bl. 

t Siinon Steven>, George Uall, Koger Bate.'^. 

+ .lobn Barrett, Simon Steven-;., Abner BUbec, George Hall, and Nathaniel We«iton. 




* ^'^ V-* ^ 



iHt Old Congregational MEETiNG-HOusE. 



OF SPiaXCiFIELD, VT. 78 

July 22, 1781, the town voted to raise eighteen pounds to pay 
for preaching, and also to ^^give Mr. Jolni Foster a call to settle." 
The committee were instructed to extend the call to Mr. Foster, 
an<l '* to agree with him for a certain salary." At an adjourned 
meeting it was voted to give Mr. Jolm Foster forty-five j)ounds a 
year for two yeai-s, then to i-aise the salary five pounds each year 
until it reaches the sum of sixty-five pounds, and there to remain. 
A council was called to organize a churcli. The churches in- 
vited were the church in Rockingham, which was organized about 
1770 : in Charlestown, organized in 1754; in Lebanon, organized 
in 1768; and in Claremont, organized in 1770. Rev. Bulkley 01- 
cott of Charlestown and Rev. Augustine Ilibbard of Clarenu)nt, 
with their delegates, constituted the council, which met Oct. 3, 
1781. Mr. Olcott drew up a covenant, and a church of sixteen 
meml)ers, eight men and eight women, was recognized by tlie 
council and received into fellowshij) with tlie neighboring 
churches. It is not certainly known who these sixteen meml)ei-s 
were, but the following list is believed to ])e nearly correct: — 

Lemuel Whitney, Tliankful (Griffith) Whitney, Newcomb 
Bourne, Abigail (Joy) Bourne, Simon Stevens, Samuel Cobb, Ann 
(Steele) Cobb, Abigail (Gould) Baniard, Sarah Draper, Lucretia 
(Scott) Burge, Simeon Spencer, Jolui Barrett, Asher Evjins, 
Hannali Walker, Isaac Smith, Betsey (Stoddard) Tower. 

Mr. Foster* did not remain long after the organization of the 
church, and from this time until 1788 the records of the town 
give very little information as to ministei"s or preaching. The 
contest over the location of the meeting-house and the stirring 
events of the war engrossed the minds of the people. 

Mr. Abishai Colton f was the minister in 1788 and 1789, and 
was given a call to settle, but did not accept. 

Mr. Thomas Russell preached for a short time after Mr. Colton 
went away: and in July, 1792, Mr. Benjamin Stone came and 
stayed till November. Elder J. Watkins, a Baptist clergyman, 

* Hex. .Fohn Fo:«ter wa^ the t»on of Rev. Ihuoc Foster of West StafTonl, Conn., and after- 
ward preached in Paxton, Mass., Taunton, Mass., and Stoningtou, Conn. 

t Rev. Abisbal Colton was born in Longmeadow, Mass., May 4,1701; Ki'i^duated from 
Yale College, 1783; was pastor of the churcli In Stoddard, N. IT., 17s«-1795; he died Jan. 12, 



74 HISTOliY OF THE TOWN 

folloAved Mr. Stone, and he in turn was followed in 1795 by Mr. 
Jose]>li Prince. 

Mr. Stephen Williams* preached during the summer of 1796* 
and the next summer Mr. Archibald Campl)ell.f 

Mr. Nicholas Bows Whitney J l)egan to preach early in 1798, 
and wjis given a c<all to settle, but his terms were not satisfactory 
to the people. A Mr. Stoddard and a Mr. Remington each 
preached a short timt» during the year 1799. 

In these veai-s the salary of the minister was i*aised by a tax on 
the gnind list, and was from £4') to £100 per annum. 

In the year 1800 Rev. Robinson Smiley § began preaching as a 
candidate, and the following: year he was called by the town to 
settle. The salary voted was £80 the first year, £90 the second, 
and £100 ever after during his ministry. The town also voted 
to give Mr. Smiley, by way of settlement, one half the ministerial 
right of land, he relinquishing the other half to the town. Mr- 
Smiley aci^epted, and was ordained and installed by council, Sept. 
23, 1801, just twenty years after the organization of the chui-ch, 
seven of the original sixteen meml)ei-s l)eing i)resentat his installa- 
tion. 

Previous to this time the tinancial business of the church was 
traUvSactcd in open town meeting, and every pei-son wajs recpiiivd 
by law to pay for the support of some religious denomination, and 
was considered iis agreeing in religious opinions with the majority 
of the inhabitants of tlie town, and taxed accordingly, unless he 
brought a certificate from some legally authorized i>erson to tlie 
contmry. In 1801 the laws were so clianged that any person 
coukl relieve himself from taxation for tlie support of religious 
services by j)resenting to the town clerk a (•ertificate, signed by 
himself, that he did not agree in religious o[)inions with a majority 
of the i)eople of the town : and in 1807 all laws giving towns the 

* Rev. Stephen WilUains was born in Wood^tofk. Conn.: ^rflduated from Vale College, 
l"8:i; preached at We*tniln!*ter and at Fitzwllllani, X. IF.: died Sept. «J, Jt*2*2. 

t Rev. A rchlliald Campbell, t»on of Rev. John CamplM.*!!, b«»rn in Oxford. MaAt«., Aug. >>. 
1736; preached at Easton and Cliarlton, Mass., and at Al-tead, N. H. ; died.luly 15, 1818. 

t Rev. Nicholas B. Whitney, Bon of Rev. Phinelms Wliitney, born in Shirley, MaAS., Mareh 
21, 1772; graduated from Harvard College in lTH:i: onlalned at lilngham. Mass.. June 1. 
1S4K); died Nov. 26, 1X3,"). 

§ See Hketeh of Smiley family. 



^ t 



OF SPKINOFIELI), VT. iO 

power to levy taxes for building elnirches or suppoit of ministei*s 
were repealed, leaving these matters wholly to voluntary eontri- 
biitioHti. As this action of the Legislature relefused the inhab- 
itants from legal obligation, the suppoit of Pastor Smiley became 
nioi-e difficult, and the arreamges on his salary annually increased 
until amounting to over six hundi-ed dollars ; and in September, 
1825, he i-esigned his pastorate, giving as his reasons, first, "the 
great deficiency in his support from the original contract " : second, 
••-that some other i)erson whom tlie Lord might choose to send 
t4> this people might \ye much more useful to them than he had 
been/' He was dismissed by council, Oct. 2<i, 1825, more than 
twenty-five yeai-s after his ministry l)egan. During this time two 
hundred and sixty-five pei-sons were added to the church, most of 
them by i)rofession, the largest number being in 1822, when fifty 
jiersons united on profession of faith, largely due to the lalx)rs of 
Daniel Fletcher of Chester.* 

Father Smiley made his home in Springfield while he lived. 
(See sketch.) 

The second pastor was Rev. Eldad W. Goodman, installed May 
28, 1827. lie was bom at South Hadley, Mass. : graduated from 
L'nion College in 1820. He was dismissed in 1831. Mr. (lood- 
man was followed bv Rev. Daniel Oliver Morton, father of Hon. 
1^%'i P. Morton. He wivs bom in Winthrop, Mass. ; graduated 
from Middlebuiy College in class of 1812. Before coming to 
Si>ringfield he was for seventeen yeai-s pastor of the church in 
Shoreham, Vt. I^was installed here May 22, 1832, and remained 
until Feb. 3, 1836! It was while Mr. Morton wfus preaching here 
that the present church building was erected and dedicated. A 
protmcted meeting wfus held in connection with the dedication of 
the new house, and during this year occurred the noted revival 
under Rev. Jedediah Burchard, which resulted in the addition of a 
lai"ge numl)er to the church, the whole numl>er received during 
Mr. Mort<m's ministry being two hundred and ninety, nearly all 
on profession. 

Rev. Henry B. Holmes was the fourth pjistor. He wius a son 
of Rev. Benjamin Holmes, and born at Stratford-on-the-Avon, 

* See history of Methodist Church. 



76 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

April f), 1S08. The work in tliese yeai-s immediately following 
the great revival wfis i)eciiliarly arduous and trying, and Mr. 
Holmes's health failed, and lie was obliged to resign in 1840. A 
sketch of his oldest son, who wius horn here, will Ik* found in this 
lx)ok. 

Rev. Calvin Day Noble, son of Rev. dalvin and Sophia L. 
Noble, succeeded Mr. Holmes. He was l)orn in Chelsea, Vt., iu 
1811 ; graduated from Dailmouth College in 1834. Thei*e were 
two revivals under his preaching, in 1840 and 1842, and one 
hundred and eighty-one pei^sons united with the church while he 
was pastor. Mr. Noble was of feeble constitution, and his lalKir^ 
proved too heavy for his physical powei-s. He died Aug. 23, 
1844, deeply lamented by all his people. The largest member- 
sliip ever attained by the cliurch was during this pastomte in 
1843, when Hve hundred and one names were enrolled. 

Rev. Lothrop Taylor wius called, and accepted the pastomte in 
the fall of 184'). He wjis the son of BarnaUis and Hannah 
Billington Taylor, l>orn in Buckland, Mass., Aug. 3, 1813; 
gi-aduated fi-om Middlebury College in the class of 1839. He 
remained six yeai-s. Inking dismissed Nov. 4, 1801, to accept a call 
to Francestown, N. H. It was during his ministry that the 
disciplinary pei'iod of the church occurred. Many were disci- 
plined, and scnne excommunicated. 

Rev. Solomon Paine Giddings was the next pastor. He wjis u 
son of Sohmion and Martha (Paine) (iiddings, and born at East 
Poultney, Vt., Dec. 2, 1812. He graduated from Middlebun* 
College in the class of 1838. There were sixty-nine memliei's 
added dining his ministry. 

Rev. Nathan J. Ilaseltine, born in Chester, N. H., March 29, 
1829, was next called. He graduated from Dartmouth College 
in 1855, and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1858. He 
was ordained and instidled over this church, Jan. 13, 1859, and 
died in a few djiys over one year from that time, having won tlie 
hearts of all the people by his l)eautiful si)irit. 

Rev. J. W. Chickering, Jr., was lM>rn at Bolton, M<ass., Sept. 
11, 1831. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1852, and 
from Bangor Seminary in 1800, and came from the seminaiy to 



OF SPRIN(JFIKLD, VT. i < 

S\»rin«jtieI<U his tii-st pastorate. He was ordained and installe*! 
here Sept. 11», I8fi0, and resigned Nov. 29, 18G4. 

Kev. As^v Mann supplied the pulpit until April, 18(>(). He 
wsis a son&f Dea. Elisha and Abigail Wliiteonib Mann ; gradu- 
ated fi*r>mjfcanihei"st College in 1838, and from Andover Seminary 
in 1842./ '/ "'" 

liev. Levi H. Gofib was luxstor from May 2, 18H7, to May 3, 
1S74. He Avas l)orn at Cornish, N. H., June 30, 1827; graduated 
fn>ni Dartmouth College in 1854, and from Andoyer Seminary in 
18o7. His piistomte of just seyen years wiis one of the richest 
in blessings in the history of this clnirch. Two hundred and 
sixty-nine pei"sons were added to its meml)ei"ship. The church 
building Wiis remodelled and enlarged, the audience-room re- 
seated, and the lecture-room improyed; J^l 4,000 were expended. 
Mr. Cobb had endeared himself to the whole community, and 
eyerv department of public improvement had felt the touch and 
inspii-ation of his influence, especially the jmblic schools. It 
was with gi*eat reluctance that his people accepted his resigna- 
tion. 

Kev. Perrin B. Fisk was installed Dec. 20, 1874. He was a 
son of Dea. Lyman and Mary Spoffoid Fisk, and born in Waits- 
lield, Vt., July 3, 1887. He graduated from Bangor Theological 
Seminary in 1863. He remained until Aug. 27, 1877. Thirty- 
nine new members were received during his ministry. 

Hey, Thomas Mason Boss was installed j)astor, March 0, 1878. 
He wa« a son of Charles Dickinson and Klizal)etli Mason Boss, 
and l)oni at New London, Conn., May 20, 183(): gradutited from 
Andierst College in 1859, and from Andover Seminary in 1862. 
He wjus succeeded by Kev. C. S. Mills, who was installed pastor 
July 2, 1885, and dismissed Feb. 5, 1888. This was Mr. Mills's 
first i)astomte. He went to North Brooktield, Miuss., and later to 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Kev. W. O. Weeden was acting pastor from March, 1888, to 
1800, and went from Springfield to l^rooklyn, N. V. 

Kev. K. S. Pressy was acting piistor from February, 189V), to 1892. 

Kev. Thomas Bickford was installed pastor, July 14, 1803. 

Deacons of tliis (-hurch and date of ai)pointment: — 



HISTOIIV <>V THK TOWS 




OV SIMIIN(;FIEL1), vt. 



79 



I^uiuel Whituey 
Neweoral) Bourne 
David Nichols 
Phinelias Bat^s 
Jo8epli Seidell . 
Horatio 6. Hawkins 
Elijali Whitney 
Arlja Holinan . 
A^hbel Steele . 
NomlaM Col)b . 
Isaac? M. I^wis 
Abmliain J. Bourne . 
William Davis 
Ashbel Steele . 
Geoi-ge P. Haywood 
AmaHa Woolson 
Adna Brown 
Geoi-ge (). Henry 
Gershom I-*. Closson 
Frank J. Bell . 



appointed in 1801 . 
- 1801. 



bk 



*i» 



bk 



k» 



1807. 
•• 1811. 
•• 1814. 
" 1832. 
" 1832. 
" 1832. 
" 1837. 

1837 

1841] 

" 1841. 

" 1841. 

appointed second time in 18.59. 

appointed in 18()4. 
'' 18t>7. 
•• 1867. 
•• 1880. 
" 18S4. 

1 SSX9. 



kk 



MKhmN(;-HorsK contkovkrsv. 

"llie early settlei-s of Springliehl were a relictions peoi)le, and 
long befoi*e a church was organized, when no man left home 
without l)eing well armed, the hardy pioneei-s gathered on the 
Sablxitli at private houses for religious woi*ship. These meetings 
were usually lield at C'apt. Joseph Little's, afterwards owned hy 
Lieut. Roger Bates (the Christopher KUis [>htee, now owned hy 
H. M. Anns), and Lieut. Hezekiah Holmes, who lived on the 
Curtis place, since owned hy the Huhl)ard family, used to read 
the sermons. 

It was considered a duty of the government to provide for the 
supi)Ort of i-eligious woi-ship. This is indicated hy the reservation 
in both the original and (^ontirmation (^hartei's of four hundred 
acres of land esich, for the minister of tlu' Church of Kngland, the 
Society for the Propagatii»n of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and for 



80 HISTOllY OF TH?: TOWN 

the minister tii-st settled in town. As early jus 1778 tithingmeii 
were chosen at town meeting, i)r()l)ably "to preserve order at 
public woi-shijj and enfoi-ce the observance of the Sabbath." In 
1779 it was voted to i-aise money to jjay for pi*eaching l)y sul>- 
scription, and in 1781 a town tax was vote<l for that purpose. 

The majoiity of the votei"s lx*ing Congregationalists, that sect 
was supposed to constitute the established church, or *-' standing 
order," and all tax])ayei-s were recjuired to i)ay their sliare of the 
cost, the same as of other expenses of government; Init any 
l)ei'son wlio should procure a certificate of some minister, deacon, 
elder, or modeititor of some other religious denomination, setting 
forth that such person was of the religious faith of the signer of 
said certificate, and stating of what <lenomination or religious 
faith, then such pci-son should be exempt from })aying town taxes 
for religious i)uri)oses. 

The Baptists .and Methodists made some efforts to have the 
town aid them from its funds, but little attention was given, and 
dissentei-s from the ^ stiunling order " could build as many meet- 
ing-houses as they })lejised, and run them in their own way and 
pay the Inlls. 

In the same year, 1781, after hearing the report of a committee 
on the subject, it was voti»d to build a meeting-house on Lieut. 
Koger Bates's pea ground. The house was to Ix* twenty-eight feet 
by twenty-six, with fourteen-foot i)Osts. The men were to have 
three shillings a day for their work. A (*onnnittee ws\s apjiointed 
to tiike (^are of the Avork, wliich was **U> lx?gin the 11th of the 
l)resent Septeml)er.'' Various preachei's were liired to i)reach and 
invited to settle, but not settled, the services being at Lieut. 
Bates's, where most of the town meetings were held. 

It now looked as if, after lialf a dozen veai-s of strife over a 
location, the town was to have a meeting-house. But after the 
fmme was uj) the work stoi)ped. I'he funds Avere not forthcoming 
to pay the bills, and the bats and owls were left in undisputed 
l)Ossession of the naked frame on Bates's pea ground. In 1782 it 
was voted that the frame be sold to the highest l)idder, and a 
committee was appointed to see. it done ; but it was not done, 
and the next vear it was voted to divide the town into two 



OF SPRLN(t FIELD, VT. 81 

parishes, the Black River to be the dividing line, and to give the 
frame to the East Parish, provided they would finish it up 
convenient for use. 

The East Parish had too much business on their hands to do 
anything of the kind, and in 1786 the town, having rescinded its 
vote of division, though it seems after a hundred years that they 
needed the cool waters of Black River to chasten their asperities, 
voted to build the meeting-house forty by fifty-six feet, on the 
vacancy between the county road and the burying ground near 
Martin's line, on Capt. George Hublmrd's land (south of the 
comer below the Dr. Hubbard house). It is stated by old 
residents that lumber was brought on to this ground to build^ 
but wiser counsels prevailed. Some of the most prominent of the 
men in that locality, who were most interested in building up 
their own section, foresaw that a more centml location would be 
better for the whole town, and counselled delay, so no action was 
taken on that vote. 

The state of feeling on the matter may be seen by referring to 
Rev. Abishai Colton's letter of May 5, 1789, hesitating to accept 
an invitation to settle as pastor. He says : — 

" Ooe reason why I give my answer in the Negative to the present C'all is 
that there is such Strife among you where to build the Lord's House that you 
have neglected to build a House for public Worship in the Town, and have 
now no convenient Place for assembling together jointly to worship the King 
of Kings. 

** Now, Gentlemen, if you can agree upon a Place to set the Lord's House, 
and will dh^ectly go on hand in hand as a people, to erect and complete it, if 
it is your general Wish and Voice, as a People, that 1 should be 3'our Pastor 
and Teacher in holy things, and you do cheerfully and generally agree to give 
me annually from the Time of settling 65 £ salary in lieu of the Seventy 
Pounds which you have been pleased to offer, with thirty cords of wood 
brought to ray door and chopt up every year, — I would inform you, should 
yoa comply with these Conditions my Answer is in the affirmative.'' 

It took one more of Mr. Colton's pungent letters to bring the 
people to their senses. Seven weeks later he tells them in 
j>olished sentences, which cut like a knife, that — 

"It appears to me from what I can learn that there jire many in Town who 
wish to have me settle here as your Gospol Minister, that are, notwithstand- 
ing all this, unwilling to comply with the conditions of my Answer relative 
to my taking the pastoral Charge of you as a Church and People. All that I 



82 HlSTom' OF THE TOWN. 

have now to request of you, Gentlemeu, is, that jou would pass no Vote 
with respect to complying with the conditions of the Answer relative to my 
settling here, but to accept of the Answer as it stands without the Condition 
which is in the Negative. For I shall not incline to settle here in the Work 
of the Ministry if you accept of the conditions of the Answer, since the 
matter has been treated with such indifterencc^ as it has. 

" ABISHAl COLTON. 
" SrRiMJFiELD, June 26th, 1780. 

'* What I have further to add is that the ministerial Committee mav l)e 
directed to wait on me this Evening, and that an honorable settlement may 
])e made with me for what is due from the Town to me, that 1 might part 
with you and you with me in honor and friendship." 

The next September it Avas voted to build a meeting-house 
forty by fifty feet, and due proportion in height, on Jame$ 
Dumphrey's land (on the Common), and Col. Moni8,Col. Thomas 
Bari-ett, and Dr. Simon Brown were chosen a building committee. 
It wfus also " voted that Said Committee Erect sd House, Kiver 
the outside, Iniard, shingle and clabbord, glaze, lay the flowers 
and make the Dooi-s, within one vear from this day." A tax of 
one hundred and fifty pounds to l)e paid in timljer, material, or 
produce by the fii-st of May next was voted. 

'I'his committee went to work ; but that they foimd it as diffi- 
cult to keep within tlie appropriation, and liad some annoyances 
which building committees of the jjresent day could sympathize 
-with, will appear by the report of a committee " to make a state- 
ment of the expense of erecting and Kivering the meeting-house." 
They say : — 

''The expenditures already made and necessary to be made to complete 
what was allotted to said committee do amount to 358£, 1«., S^J. 

'' We further add that the accounts exhibited to us were not so correct and 
intelligible as might be expected, considering the accomplished abilities of 
those worth}' Gentlemen that Constitute the Conmiittee, for which Deficiency 
we Humbly submit it to said Committee to apologize. 

''1)|{. SAMUEL COBB, 
ASAHKL POWERS, 
'*Si»kin(;fieij), Nov. 5, 1702." Committee. 

It appeal's that in all the twenty y^eai-s that vain eflfortw wei'e 
made to settle a minister, every time the town voted to inNdte a 
man to settle, it was stii)ulated that as (juiek as he Wiis settled he 
should deed the ministers right of land to the town. 



OF SPKlXGFrELD, VT. 83 

That the good people of a century ago were not quite free from 
the opinion that those who differed from tliem in religious l)elief 
must not only be mistaken and on the wrong road to get to 
heaven, ])ut also morally delinquent, is shown by the following 
instnietions given to the representatives chosen September, 1784 : 
*• You are likewise to use vour endeavor that an act be made in 
the Assembly that no person professing the tenets of univei-sal sal- 
vation Ixj allowed the jnivilege on an oath upon evidence or 
otherwise in this State " ; which means, I suppose, that they could 
not ])e believed under oath, and ought not to l)e allowed to give 
evidence. 

It is hoped that the ])enignant smile and genial, warm-hearted 
humanity of Father Smiley were like a soothing balm to the people 
and the church in their new meeting-house in the year 1801. But 
this did not i-elieve Lieut. Roger Bates, who felt so giieved that 
the meeting-house was not set on his pea ground, and handy to 
his tavern and store, that he sold out and moved to (Canada, where 
lie died. 

FUKEWILL HArnST, cnUISTIAN, SKCOXD Ar)VKNT. 

nie fii-st mention of a Hai)tist society is found in a Avarrant for 
a town meeting to l)e held March 13, 1788, in which the second 
jirticle was. ^^ To see what the town Avill do respe(;ting the Baptist 
sm'iety.'* At an adjcmrned meeting, held one week later, it was 
voted to pass over the article, and at the same meeting it was 
voted that the Baptist Certificate and (^)venant l)e recorded. 
These were as follows : — 

*M KKTIFICATK. 

'^Th<»!»e may certify unto all to whom these presents may come, aud to the 
Selei'tnieD of the town of Sprlnjffleld, Co. of Windsor, and State of Vt. in par- 
ticular, that Wm. Lockwootl, 'ITiomas Cook, Timothy Williams, Jr., .lames 
Dumphrey, Nicholas W^illiams, Amos Kandal, .Joseph (*ovel, Jr., Joshua Ixn^k- 
wood, Abraham Ix>ckwood, 2<1, Kher Blie, Abraham OIney, Abraham Lock- 
wood, Benoni Lockwood, William Olney, Joseph Lock wood, Benjamin Olney 
Luther Field, Abraham Williams, Nieholas Bragg, 'lliomas Carle w, John 
Griftwold, Daniel Field, Henry Lockwood, .Tohn Williams, Jacob Lockwoo(i, 
id, DttDiel Avery, William Lockwood, Jr.,.Tacob Lockwood, Darius Whitman, 
all inhabitants of the town of Springfleld, are members of the Baptist Society 
of Springfield. 



84 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



*' Given uuder my hand at Springfield this 22d day of March, 1788. Si<rned 
by order and in behalf of the Society. 

-THOMAS COOK, Moderator r 



' THP: BAiniST COVENANT. 

" Springfielii, Deo. 20, 1787. 
** We, the subscribers, do by these presents covenant and agree to form our- 
selves into a society to be known by the name of the Baptist Society, in order 
to carry on the public worship of God, and to support the same amongst our- 
selves, according to that which we possess, as witness our hands : 



WILLIAM LOCKWOOD. 
THOMAS COOK. 
TIMOTHY WILLIAMS, .IK. 
JAMES DUMPHREY'. 
NICHOLAS WILLIAMS. 
AMOS RANDAL. 
JOSEPH COVEL, Jr. 
JOSHUA L0C:KW00D. 
ABRAHAM LOCKWOOD, 2d. 
EBER BLIE. 
ABRAHAM OLNEY. 
ABRAHAM LOCKWOOD. 
BENONI LOCKWOOD. 
WILLIAM OLNEY. 
JOSEPH LOCKWOOD. 



BENJAMIN OLNEY. 
LI THER FIELD. 
ABRAHAM WILLIAMS. 
NICHOLAS BRAGG. 
THOMAS CARLEW. 
JOHN GRISWOLD. 
DANIEL FIELD. 
HENRY LOCKWOOD. 
JOHN WILLIAMS. 
JACOB LOCKWOOD, 2i». 
DANIEL AVERY. 
WILLIAM LOCKWOOD, 
JACOB LOCKWOOD. 
DARIUS WHITMAN." 



Jk. 



This society was Freewill Baptist, and it seems probable that 
for several yeai*s there was an amicable ari'angement with the 
Congregationalists, and that a part of the time the preaching in 
t<>wn was by Baptist minist4?i*s. The records show that during 
the time from 1700 to 1795 Elder J. Watkins was for two yeai-s 
the preacher for both denominations. 

About 1795 Thomas Cook, who had come from Rhode Island, 
was made an elder, and in 1801 Elder Stei)hen Place was called 
to the pastorate of the Baptist Church from Cumberland, R. I. 
In 1804 Elder Place returned to Rhode Island, and for some veiu^ 
there seems to have Ixjen no regular minister. In 1831 Elder 
Daniel Hazen, a Christian Baptist, so called, l>egan preaching and 
awakened much interest, the meetings l)eing held at the Noith 
Village. Elder James Hudson was the minister in 1835 or 1836 
Rev. Isaiah H. Shipman and Elder Seth Koss also pi*eached for 
this society. At the time of the excitement caused by the preach- 



M 



■ I 

i . 



lil 




Methodist Church 



OF SPIJINGFIELD, VT. 85 

ng of William Miller, regarding the second coming of Christ, 
here was a series of meetings held by this society at the North 
^^illage, but the interest died out, and the meetings of this church 
vere discontinued soon after. 

METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

The histoiy of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Springfield 
egan very nearly with the present century. At a conference 
leld in Lynn, Mass., l)eginning July 18, 1800, John Nichols, a 
lative of Connecticut, was ai)pointed to Weathei-sfield circuit, 
onned that year from the old Vei-shire circuit. 

Some time during the year, Mr. Nichols extended his labors into 
(pringfield, and in April, 1801, he organized the fii-st Methodist 
lass in town, consisting of Lewis and Dexter Bates. l)oth young 
aen, and Mrs. Gideon Walker, a widow with a family of seveml 
tbildren. 

I^vi Bates, the father of Lewis and Dexter, came to Spring- 
ield in March, 1794, when the town was mostly a wilderness, 
rom Cohasset, Mass. The family and its effects were moved on 
m ox sled, and were three weeks on the way. 

Lewis and Dexter were bom in Cohasset, the former in 1780, 
he latter in 1778, and were the descendants, in the seventh gen- 
eration, from John Rogers the martyr. They were licensed to 
preach in June, 1801, and three yeai-s later joined the conference. 
jewiB joined the New England and Dexter the New York Con- 
erence, which at that time included \''ermont in its temtory. 

Lewis Bates rose early to prominence as a preacher and revival- 
9t, and sustained an irreproachable Christian jind ministerial 
haracter during his long ministry of sixty years. 

From the "History of Sanbomton, N. H.," we learn that in 1804 
le was appointed to the "Bridgewater circuit," and was the 
arliest clergyman of the Methodist denomination who ever 
ireached in Noithfield, his firat sermon being from the text, " I 
ras a stranger and ye took me in," delivered at the house of Dea. 
Fona. Clough, a Baptist on Bay Hill. 

From 1818 to 1817 he sustained a local relation, and resided 
D Springfield, caring for his fatlier's familv. During these four 



86 HlSTOllY OF THE TOWN 

yeai-s lie vvtus scarcely less active in preaching on the Sabliath than 
when in the regular work. In 1817 he resumed connection with 
the conference, and prosecuted the work of the ministry with 
great energy and success, until compelled by his lulvanced years 
and ill health to retire. He preached in all the New England 
States and in several of the Middle States, and was instrumental 
in the conversion of large numbei-s to Christ, and in adding many 
hundreds to the church. 

His retirement from the active Avork of the ministrv occuri-ed 
several years before his death, but his interest in the work never 
failed. lie continued to })reach as he had oppoitunity, until he 
passed in triumph to his heavenly home, at Taunton, Mass., 
March 25, 1855, at eighty-five yeai-s of age. 

George W., a son of Lewis Bates, was born in Springfield in 
1810, and lived in town from the age of ten to fifteen with liis 
uncle Dexter. He joined the New England Conference in 1834, 
and after sixteen yeai-s of successful labor died at Eai^tham, Mass., 
while stati(^ned at Waltham of the same State, in 1851. He left 
a son, George H., who joined the Providence (now New England 
Southern) Conference, and is doing efficient work iis a minister. 
Otis II., another son of Lewis Bates, Ls a useful local preacher, 
residing at Dighton, Mass. 

Lewis B., the youngest son of Lewis, from whoni the writer 
i-eceived the most of the facts concerning the Bates family, was 
lK)rn at Eiiston, Mass., in 1829. He wjus converted at seven years 
of age, was a licensed exhoiter at seventeen, and entered the 
Providence Conference in 1850, at twenty-one years of age. 
Twenty yeai-s later he was transferred to the New England 
Conference, and since 1877 he hius been stationed in Boston. He 
ijs now (1887) pastor of the Meridian Street Methodist Episcopal 
Church and chaplain of the Seamen's Bethel, and one of the 
leading men of the city and conference. 

Dexter Bates, wlio joined the New York Conference in 1804, 
after being five yeai-s in the regular work, located and returned 
to Springfield. His appointments while connected with the 
conference were: 1804, Plattsburgh, N. Y. ; 1805, Fletcher, Vt. ; 
180«3, Grand Isle; 1807, Vergennes; 1808, Brandon. Though 



OF SPRIXCJFIELD, VT. 87 

he never re-entei-ed the tmvelling connection, he pi-eached exten- 
sively in Springfield and vicinity to the close of his life. At 
different times he supplied the work at Springfield as pastor. 
He was greatly i*espected as a citizen, and lus a minister was very 
acceptable and useful. He was much called for to attend funemls, 
and served in more instances on such occasions probably than any 
other man of his time. He died in 1845, at sixty-thi-ee yeai-s of 
age. 

In December, 1816, Dexter Bates married Mi-s. Meliitable Ladd 
Gale of Unity, N. H. They had four children : Hannah, Avho 
died April 22, 1814, aged fouiteen yeai-s ; Levi L., who died in 
BoKton, Mass., Oct. 7, 1864, aged forty-five yeai-s; Drusilla, who 
died July 12, 1834, aged twelve yeai-s ; and Josiah, who died at 
Panama Cut, July 3, 1851, aged twenty-four yeai-s. 

Besides the thi-ee i)ersons named as forming the fii"st class in 
town, Asiihel Powei-s, Nicholas Bmgg, Jr., Klias Dampn, John 
Slack, and Nathaniel Burgess were among the early membei's of 
the new society. 

Asahel Powere Wiis a prominent citizen of Springfield, and for 
many years was veiy active in promoting the intei-ests of the 
Methodist Society, both as a steward and class leader. 

Elias and Abigail Damon were active and useful meml)ei-s of 
these early days, and their descendants are still repi-esented in the 
Methodist Church in Springfield and elsewhere, to the second and 
third genemtions. Mr. Damon died in I860 ; and Mrs. Damon in 
187H, at neai'ly ninety years of age. 

Nathaniel Burgess wiis a useful class leader for many yeai"s. 
He had good natural talents, and Avas an intelligent, devoted 
Christian. 

John and Sally Slack were active meml)ei-s of the society, and 
are still represented by their descendants in the Methodist Church 
in Springfield. 

The appointments to the Weathei-sfield circuit for the fii"st 
decade were: 1800, John Nichols; 1801, John Nichols, Elijah 
Ward; 1802, Sanmel l)raj)er, Thomtw Cari)entei'; 1803, Truman 
BLshop, Ebenezer Fairbanks; 1804, Lutlier Cliaml)erlain ; 1805, 
John Gove, Paul Dustin ; 180<), Thomas Skeel ; 1807, Clement 



88 HISTOr.V OF THE TOWN 

Parker, Joseph Fairbanks; 1808, Dan Perry, Leonard Frost; 
1809, Samuel Thompson and Stephen Baily. 

During this fii-st decade the Methodist Society, small as it was, 
made an eflfoit to build a house of woi-ship. 

The workwiis l)egun in 1806. Hitherto the meetings had l)een 
held in private houses or schoolhouses, when they could be se- 
cured, Avhile the quarterly meetings were held in l)arns or groves 
when the sea*ion permitted. In this town, as in other places, 
efforts Avere made to secure the use of the meeting-house built by 
the town, for quarterly meetings. 

At a town meeting held Nov. 22, 1803, Asahel Powei-s moved, 
and the town voted, ^' that si)ecial permission is hereby given that 
the Methodists hold their quarterly meeting at the meeting-house 
on the second Sunday in January next, the Rev. Mr. Smiley and 
the deacons consenting thereto." Whether the consent of the 
parties named Avas obtained, and the meeting held at the time and 
place mentioned, is not recorded. The folhnving year the propo- 
sal to pennit the Methodists, Bai)tists, and Congregationalists to 
use the meeting-house jointly, in proportion to the meml>ership of 
each, was voted doAvn, and no further effort was made in that 
dii-ection, according to the records. This- action secured the per- 
manent possession of the meeting-house to the Congregationalists*, 
and left the other societies in tOAvn to provide for themselves else- 
where. 

Two yeai-s lat^r the Methodist Society began the work of build- 
ing a place of worship. Land for the puii)ose was lx)ught of 
Elisha Brown, and deeded by him to Asahel Powei-s, Samuel 
Hjiskins, Nathaniel Burgess, Lemuel Maynard, and Jotham Brit- 
ton, trustees of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Springfield. 
The deed was given on the eighth day of Ma}', 180H. The land 
purchased is situated on the corner of Chester and Prosi>eet 
Streets, now known as the High School groiuid. 

The work of building was probably begun at once, and so far 
advanced during the sesison as to be occupied in an luiiinished 
condition during the autumn of 1806 or the spring of 1807, as it 
is understood that Thomas Skeel, who was stationed on the 
Weathersfield circuit in the summer of 1806, and i*emained but 
one year, w as the first who preached in the new building. 



OF SPllIN(;FrELD, VT. 89 

The trustees decided to build of brick, at an estimated cost of 
82,500. Either before the building wa8 begun or later, an effort 
was made to secure some assistance from the town ; but as this 
failed, after spending what means they could command, they sus- 
jH*nded work, leaving tlie building enclosed, but entirely un- 
finished inside. The main room and the gallery, which occupied 
three sides of the house, had only a rough l)oard floor. Seat« 
were mtide of unplaned i)lank, laid upon shingle blocks placed 
ii}>on end. A carpenter's l)ench was placed at the north side of 
the room for a pulpit. Two round sticks were nailed to tlie work- 
bench upright of such length and at such distance apart Jis to i)r(>- 
vide a suitable breastwork for the pulpit, supposed in those days 
to }ye necessary, while the platform of the pulpit was i-aised two 
steps above the l^ench. This extemi)orized armngement for wor- 
ship, which was doubtless designed to l)e used only for a short 
time, remained unchanged for nearly twenty years, and some of 
the most eminent ministei*s of the Methodist Churcli in those days 
preached the word from this i-ustic jiulpit in this inifinished house. 

As there was no provision for warming the building, it was not 
geneitiUy used in winter. Incomplete and unfinished as it was, 
it furnished a home for the young society that Avas greatly appre- 
ciated. It is related that some time during the years that the 
house remfiined in an unfinished condition, the eccentric Lorenzo 
Dow made an appointment to preach in the place in the summer 
sejison. Arriving at the house in advance of the time, while 
waiting he refreshed himself by lying down under the pulpit 
platfonn on the l)ench. At the api)ointed time for the meeting 
he came out from his resting place, preached to a good congrega- 
tion, with his usual freedom, and went on his way. 

Mr. Skeel, who was sent to this work in 1806, entered the min- 
istiT in 1802, and was stationed at Hanover, N. H., Barnard, ^'t., 
and Landaff, N. H., one year each, and in 1805 at Barnard the 
second time. During his fii-st year in Barnard, in 1803, 1804, he 
prea<*hed the fii'st Methodist sermon in Rochester, Vt. He was 
onlained deacon in 1805, and elder in 1807. At the close of his 
year on the Weathei-sfield circuit he was appointed a missionary 
to Vennont and Ne^v Hampshire, and at the end of one year he 



90 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

located, jHobably to make some l)etter i)rovisioii for his family 
than he was likely to do, in the regular work in those days. 

As he resided in Springfield during his year on the circuit, and 
probal)ly did not remove his family from town while doing mL^ 
sionaiy Avork, on his I'etirement from the conference he became 
a permanent resident of S})ringfield. During his fii-st year in 
town he occupied the house known as the *^ Quaker Field House " 
in the valley Ijeyond Seminary Hill, on the road to the North 
Villjvge, west of tlie river, a short distance from the Chester i-oad. 
Later he lived in a house then standing near the John W. Bisbee 
place, on the hill about a mile soutli of the village, where he died 
of consumption, Aug. 20, 1816, at thirty-five yeai-s of age. Mre. 
Skeel, though able to care for lier husliand while he lived, died 
eleven days later, and lK)th were buried in the cemetery at S[)ring- 
field. They left two children wlio were cared for by relatives of 
Mrs. Skeel in Guilford, Vt., her former home. 

The labors of Mr. Skeel were greatly appreciated by the people 
of the town, as well as by the society to which he ministered. He 
left an influence for good u[)on the community which still lives. 
It is an in<lication of the talent and the genei-al po})ular influence 
of the man, that he was invited to preach the election sermon be- 
fore the Legislature of Vennont at its session in 1811, though at 
the time he was not in the ranks of the travelling ministry. 

The stones which maik the graves of Mr. and Mi-s. Skeel were 
l)laced there by the members and friends of the Methodist Chui'ch 
in Springfield in 1844 or 1845. The inscrijition on the lieacLstone 
of Mr. Skeel's grave is very fitting in his case : *' He, being dead, 
yet speaketh." 

Fiom 1810 to 1820 tlie following appointments were maile to 
the Weatliei-sfield work : 1810, Solonum Sias ; 1811, B. U. Hovt; 
and these were followed by D. Kilbourn and E. (3tis, one year 
eiich ; Joseph Baker, two year's ; Amasa Taylor, Caleb Dustin, 
Jacoi) Sanborn, and Klisha Streeter, one year eacli ; C. Walker, B. 
Bishoj), J. Jewett, J. Walker, E. Plielps, J. Paine, M. Ladd, and 
M. Sandei-son serving as assistiint preachei's. 

The third decade l)egan witli E. Streeter for a second year, 1820 ; 
1821, Joshua Randall; 1822, J. A. Scarrirt, Daniel L. Fletcher; 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 91 

1823, Joel Steele, N. W. Aspen wall ; 1824, A. D. Merrill. R. 

Putnam ; 1825, C. D. Cahoon, George Putnam ; 1826, C. I). tV 

hoon, B. C. Eastman ; 1827, B. C. Eastman, Samuel Heath ; 1828, 

Jotsi. Allen, Wm. Reynolds ; 1829, R. L. Harvey, Zerah Colburn. 

Nothing of special interest seems to have occurred in connection 
witli tlie work in Springfield during the second decade, of which 
we liave any record. The charge was served by some of the 
strongest men in the ministiy of those days, and their laboi-s must 
have contributed largely to the prosperity of the cause. 

During the third decade two very important events occuired in 
the history of the society in Springfield. Tlie fii-st was a veiy in- 
teresting and extensive revival which took place in 1821 and 
1822. The work l)egun and was largely carried forward through 
the instnimentality of Daniel L. Fletcher, a young man from 
Chester, who had previously taught school in Spencer HoUow, 
wliere the revival l)egun. Mr. Fletcher, having become a Chris- 
tian after leaving the neighterhood, and being much interested 
in religious work, he returned to the district where he had tiiught 
school, and sought te uiterest his former pupils in the subject of 
religion. His efforts proving successful, he began to hold meet- 
ings in the schoolhouse ; and as the work increased in interest and 
spread into other sections of the town, he held meetings for sev- 
ei-al weeks in the schoolhouses, as they Avere open to him. A 
large number were conveited and added to the Metliodist Church, 
and fifty to the Congregationalist Church, iis a fruit of the revival. 

At the session of the New England Conference held at Bath, 
Me., in 1822, Mr. Fleteher was received on trial and appointed to 
the Weathei-sfield circuit as junior preacher, with J. A. Scarritt as 
senior. The lalwi-s of these men were greatly blessed on the 
entire field, «and the revival in Springfield continued through the 
year. 

Fi-om the VVeathersfield circuit Mr. Fletcher went to New- 
market and Landaff, N. H., Mansfield and Tolland, Conn., and 
Canaan, N. H., and served at each place one year. In 1830 he 
retii-ed from conference work. 

Daniel L. Fleteher was the son of Daniel and Susannali Fletclier 
of Chester, Vt., and was l)om Aug. 20, 1800. After entering the 



92 HISTOKV OF THE TOWN 

ministry he married Miss Mary Ann Carley of Springfield, anr 
educated and accomplished teacher. After retiring from tli^ 
conference, with the co-operation of his brother, Im Fletcher, he 
estiiblished a young ladies' seminary in Chester, on the road from 
Springfield to that place, to Ix? in charge of Mi's. Fletcher as 
preceptress and teacher. It AViis called Fletcher Seminary, and 
had a prosperous existence for a time as to jiatronage ; but not 
proving a financial success, at the end of six yeai-s it was closed, 
and the building is now used as a farmhouse. After the school 
wa,s closed Mr. Fletcher re-entered the confei'ence and went to 
Connecticut to labor, and died at Tolland in that State in 1848. 
After the death of lier husband, Mi-s. Fletcher went West, and 
engaged in teaching until her advanced yeai-s forbade the con- 
tinuance of such laboi-s. More than foui-score yeai's of age, she 
stiiriives (1887) in full possession of her faculties, enjoying the 
fruit of a long and useful life. 

One of the fruits of the revival, of which Mr. Fletcher was the 
honored instrument, Avas the converaion of Amasa H. Houghton. 
He joined the Methodist Chiu-ch, and in 1824 entered the minis- 
try, and was sent to Barre circuit a** assistant to David Kilburn. 
In 1825 he went to Unity, N. H. ; 182(3, to Derby, Vt.; 1827 and 
1828, to Newburv; 1829, Craftsburv; 1830 and 1831, Tufton- 
borough, N. H.; 1832, Lunenburgh, Vt. In 1833 he located and 
entered upon the pmctice of medicine, for which he had prepared 
himself before entering the ministry. He spent seveml years in 
the South in the practice of this profession. Returning North, he 
entered the ministry of the Congregational Church, and was 
settled as pastor at Lansing, Iowa, twenty-two yeai-s. He died in 
1885, respected by all, and greatly beloved by his church. 

David Barker, another young man of Springfield, was converted 
during this revival, and joined the New England Conference in 
1825, and was sent to Moretown, Vt.; 1826, Haitlwick ; 1827, 
Nantucket, Mass. ; 1828, Kingston, N. H. ; 1829, Newburs^poil 
and Newburv, Mass.; 1830, Marblehead ; 1831, AVevmouth. In 
1832 he located and went to the Protestant Episcopal Church, 
and has resided in Kalamazoo, Mich,, for manv veai-s as rector of 
the Episcopal Church there. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 93 

A second event of great importance to the church during this 
decade was the fitting up of the inside of its place of worship. 
The revival of 1821 and 1822 doubtless contributed largely to 
this result, but special credit for its successful accomplishment is 
due to Rev. Wilbur Fisk, presiding elder of the Vermont district 
from 1823 to 1826. Mr. Fisk was a native of Brattleboro, Vt., 
and was born Aug. 31, 1792. After taking a preparatoiy coui"se 
of study, he entered the Vermont Univei-sity at Burlington. The 
exercises of the Univei-sity being suspended on account of the 
War of 1812 and 1814, he went to Brown University, Providence, 
R. I., where he gmduated with honor in 1815. He was con- 
verted at twelve yeai-s of age, but during his college course he 
lost much of his interest in the subject of religion. On leaving 
college he began the study of law, with the design of entering 
this profession : but having his religious experience restored to 
liira, in connection with a severe illness, which occuried while 
pursuing his law studies, he became convinced that he was called 
to the ministry, and in harmony with this conviction he entered 
the New England Conference in 1818. In 1823 he was appointed 
presiding elder of the Vennont district, at thirty-one years of 
age. At the end of his third year on the district he was called 
t4> take charge of a conference school, then located at New- 
market, N. H. This school was afterwards removed to Wilbra- 
ham, Mass., wliere it still exists in a flourishing condition. When 
tlie project for a college at Middletown, Conn., became a fact, 
Mr. FLsk was called to the presidency of the institution, and 
occupied the position until his death, which occurred Dec. 31, 
1838. A man "greatly beloved and deeply lamented."' 

It was while doing the work of presiding elder in Vermont 
that he l)ecame interested to have the church at Springfield, which 
had remained until that time in an unfinished condition, made 
more comfortable and attractive. In what year this occurred 
cannot now be determined, but it could not have been later than 
the autumn of 1825 or the spring of 1826, as Mr. Fisk left the 
district at the conference of the latter year. To a^^complish the 
undertaking he pei-sonally solicited funds through the town, 
j)reaching in the schoolhouses of the several districts, and taking 



94 HISTOIIY OF THE TOWN 

a collection. In this way he secured the means to hxy the floor of 
the audience-room and gallery, seat the house throughout in 
settee form, and build a pulpit. In its improved condition it was 
considered a very comfortable place of worship for the time, and 
answered the purpose of the society until the present stone 
structure was built, nearlv twenty years later. 

In 1829 the New England Conference was divided, and the 
work in New Hamiwhire and Eastern Vermont, including a small 
section of Northeastern Massachusetts, was organized as a new 
conference, called the New Hami>shire and Vermont Conference, 
which included the Weathei-sfield charge. Four years lat^^r the 
name of the conference was changed to New Hampshire, ^^^thout 
change of territory. 

Early in the fourth decade, 1830-1 840, the Weathei-s field 
circuit was divided, and the southeni pait was called Springfield. 
The division was made at the couference held at Lyndon, Vt., 
Aug. 8, 1882. Pi-evious to the division the work wiis served by 
C. W. Levings and William H. Stoddard in 1830 ; Geo. Putnam, 
A. T. Hullard, W. H. Stoddard, 1834. 

The fii-st appointments made to Springfield after the division 
were Richard Newell, Moses Sandeiison, in 1832 : Silas Quimby, 
H. S. Dane, 1833; S. Quimby, E. T. Manning, 1884 : Moses 
Chase, 1885 and 188(), with A. H. Worthing and J. Baker, assist- 
ants, (me year each; M. Newhall, 1887: R. H. Spaulding, 1888: 
A. K. Howard, 1839. 

In 1888 Dexter Bates was employed lus assistant to R. H. 
Spaulding, and C'harlestown, N. H., was connected with Spring- 
field. At the close of the year the CharlestouTi appointment wa,s 
detached, and Springfield was made a pastoml charge by itself, at 
the request of the (piarterly conference. 

In 1882, the year of the division, Weathei-sfield reported 385 
members. In 1888 Springfield rei)orted 198 members. This 
])rol)tibly included PerkiiLsville, Cavendish, and Chester. In 1889 
Springfield, with Charlestown, N. H., only attached, i-eporti^d 225 
meml)ei's. The same year Perk ins vi lie reported 168 memlx?rs, 
and Cavendish 112. These figures indicate the geneml prosperity 
of the work. 



OF SPUINGFIKLI), VT. 95 

III 1831 Daniel Field, a native of Springfield, began his work 
98 a minister of the Methodist Church. He Mas son of Salathiel 
and Sally Howe Field, and gmndson of Daniel, usually called 
*' Quaker Field." Daniel Field was bom Oct. 18, I8O0; united 
with the church. May 24, 1824 ; and entered the conference in 
1881. His fii-st appointment was at Montpelier as assistant to 
Jame.s Templeton, and from that time onward for thiity-two yeai-s 
he (lid important work in the ministr\% niastly in his native Stute. 
He wi\s two years in New Hampsliire and two years in Western 
New York in the time, and was located and superannuated three 
yeai"s, leaving thiity yeai-s of effective service. In 1868 he re- 
tired pennanently from the work on account of his health, and 
settled on a faim in Williamstown, where he died May 20, 1888, 
in liis seventy-eighth year. In an obituary notice it is said of 
him : *^ He was a man of rare gifts, with a clear appreciation of 
divine tinith and the duties of the Christian life. He wa*i able 
by striking illustrations and unique presentation of the truth to 
stir the conscience and move the heai-t. He had a rare instinct 
which enabled him to discover the weak place in an argument. 
Against every foim of hyj)ocrisy and unrighteousness his sarcasm 
was at once withering and stunning. His power in prayer was 
often nnvrvellous ; and his genial, devout, and loyal disposition 
made his presence a l)enediction, even after his fictive ministry 
closed." 

Mr. Field was twice manied. His fii^st wife was Miss Mary 
Fuller of Danville, Yt., who, after several years of invalid life, 
died at Corinth while her husband w-as stationed at that place. 
She K'ft no children. He married for his second wife Miss Elisa- 
lieth liamsev of Corinth, who, with seveml children, survives him. 

In 1886 James L. Slason entered the ministry from this church. 
He wfu* a native of Rutland. Had l)een driven from his father s 
house for choosing to he a Methodist, and at this time wius en- 
gaged in teaching scliool in town. After several years of effective 
service in Eastern Yermont, he wsis transferred to the Trov Con- 
ference. He retired from the active ministry several yeai-s since, 
and now (1887) resides at Fort Kdward, New York. 

During the pjustomte of Moses Chjise in 1836, the society 



96 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

bought a lot on the noi-thwest comer of Park and Pearl Streets, 
and built a hoiLse for a parsonage. In Deeeml)er of the same 
year the ea^it half of the house was sold to Clarissa and Aluiira 
Holt, and a few days later the west half was deeded to trustees of 
the Methodist Church. In 1851 this property wa« sold, and the 
year following a one-story brick house with I)asenient at south 
end on Main Street, nearly opposite the Town Hall, was puix^hased. 
In 1866 this house wiis sold, and the one now owned and occu- 
pied as a pai'sonage on Pleasant Street was bought. 

The fifth decade begins with the ajf^pointment of A. K. Howard 
in 1840 for a second year; in 1841, Wni. J. Kidder; 1842. 1848. 
Caleb Fales; 1844, 1845, John Clark; 1846. 1847, Joseph C. 
Aspenwall ; 1848, 1849, Pinckney Frost. 

The pastomt^ of Mr. Kidder was marked by the beginning of 
an effort to build a new churcli. He circulated a subscription for 
this purpose, and secured a sufficient amount of pledges to insure 
the success of the enteriuise, though the building of the house 
was deferred till 1843, two yeai-s later. 

In addition to securing the subscription for the new church, Mr. 
Kidder did efficient service in promoting the spiritual interests of 
his charge. A veiy interesting revival l)egau under his hil)oi:s, 
which continued with increasing power during the two years of 
Mr. Kale's pastorate, resulting in a large numl>ei* of convei-sions, 
and in nearly doubling the meml)ershii) of the church. The re- 
vival received a special impetus in the autumn of 1832, Mr. 
Fales's fii'st year in Springtield. Mi-. Isiuic Howe invited a num- 
ber of young men to attend a cami)-meeting at Rockingliam. and 
had a tent on the ground under charge of himself and wife. 
Tliese young men were all converted, and, with many othei-s who 
attended the nieeting from Springfield, returned to their homt^s 
full of the inspiration of the new life they had just found. The 
following Sabl)ath several were baptized lx*fore the morning ser- 
vices. The religious interest among the people was so great that 
the pastor decided to hold a social meeting at the regular house 
foi' service instead of preaching. It wtis a most remarkable occa- 
sion, and from this time the work went on with increasing interest 
and i)ower. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 97 



The New Stom Church. 



The new church for which a subscription was started by Wm. 
J. Kidder, was built in 1843. Samuel Taylor was chairman of 
the building committee, and the society was largely indebted to 
him for the success of the enterprise. 

The site was purchased of George Washburn, and the house 
wjis built as it now stands, at the head of Main Street. The 
stone for the building was taken from a quarry on Mr. Taylor's 
farm. The east half of the basement of the church was assigned 
to Mr. Taylor in payment for money advanced by him above the 
8u]>scriptions, for the completion of the church. After a few 
years this was repurchased by the society, thereby securing the 
entire edifice to church uses. The new church was dedicated 
Dec. 17, 1844, Rev. E. J. Scott of Montpelier preaching the dedi- 
cation sermon. 

In 1866 extensive repaii-s were made on the church building, at 
an expense of over '62,000. E. C. Bass was pastor at the time ; 
and Jon. Mai-tin, F. B. Gilman. and F. P. Ball, committee on re- 
paii*s. Two years later a bell wjis purchased, weighing 1,410 
pounds. It wa« raised to its place Saturday, Dec. 12, 1868, and 
used the next day for the first time. It was first tolled for the 
wife of David Thompson. 

The audience-room of the church was again repaired and im- 
proved in 1882, I. McAnn, pastor, at an expense of about #4,000, 
including the organ, and the vestry was repaired in 1886 at an 
expense of over $300. 

Among those who entered the ministry from Springfield during 
this decade was Hoi-atio W. Houghton, brother of Amasa H. 
Houghton, already named. He was lx>m in Siningfield in 1813. 
At twenty-two he was editing the Record of the Times^ the first 
paper published in Springfield. The paper was owned by his 
brother, Hoi'ace H. Houghton. Mr. Houghton was converted in 
1834, under the laboi-s of Mr. Burchard, the evangelist. He 
united with the Methodist Church, and in 1843 was licensed to 
preach, and after spending one year at the Biblical Institute, then 



98 HISTOKV OF THE TOWN 

jiist established at Newbury, in conuectioii with the Seminaiy at 
that place, he joined the Providence, R. I., Conference. 

He filled important appointments in that conference for thii-teen 
years. In 1857 he went to Iowa on account of the health of his 
wife, and was admitted into the Upper Iowa Conference, of which 
he is still a member. 

His first field of lal)or was Lansing, Iowa, where he preached 
two yeai-s without salary, organizing a Sunday school, and secur- 
ing the building of a church in the time. The next four j'ears, 
from 1859 to 1862, he was i)residing elder of Upper Iowa district. 
At the close of this tenn lie was again stationed at Lansing for 
one year. From 18G4 to 1868 he w^as presiding elder of Dubuque 
district, and on leaving the district he was stationed at Epwoi-th 
three yeai-s. While here he was instrumental in establishing the 
Ei)worth Seminary, which has had a successful histoiy. After 
two yeai-s of needed rest, resuming work he gave five yeai-s of 
labor to New Albion, Iowa. He preached the first sermon in this 
town when the place had fouiteen saloons, vnth less tlian two hun- 
dred inhabitants. His lal)oi*s resulted in many conversions, and 
in the building of a resi)ec table church edifice. 

In 1860 he was stationed for the third time at Lansing, but his 
health failed during the year, and he retired from the active work 
of the ministry. He rei)resented his conference in the General 
Conference of 1864. 

At the Geneial Conference of 1844 the New Hampsliire Confer- 
ence was divided, and Eastern A^ermont was made a conference 
by itself, and called \"ermont Conference. The second session of 
this conference was held at Springfield, June 18, 1846, Bisliop 
Beverly Waugh presiding. 

The appointments to Si)ringfield for the sixth decade were: 
1850 and 1851, Isaac Smith; 1852 and 1853, P. P. Kay; 1854 and 
1855, S. G. Kellogg: 1856 and 1857, A. T. Bullard; 1858, K. 
Hadley; 1859, S. H. Colburn. 

Though quite extensive revivals occurred during the pastorates 
of Isaac Smith and P. P. Ray, with i)robably more or less of re- 
vival interest during other pastoiutes, the membei-ship of the 
church was not largely increased, fifty-four Iieing the net increiise 
in ten year's. The number reported in 1 860 was 179. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 1>9 

S. H. Colburn was appointed to Springtield for a second year 
in 18G0 ; 1861 and 1862, H. W. Woi-then ; 1863 and 1864, W. D. 
Malcom; 1865, Israel Luce; 1866 to 1868, E. C. Bass; 1869, J. 
C. Coxe. 

The net increase of meml)ei's during the decade was eighty- 
three. Nearly forty of these wei-e added during thejpastorate of 
E. C. Bass. 

Tlie Vermont Conference met at Springfield for a second time 
in 1860, beginning June 19. Bishop Edmund S. James pre- 
sided. The services on Sunday were in the Congregational 
Church, and the bishop preaclied from Heb. ii. 10 to a large and 
greatly interested audience. 

The eighth decade l)egan with the api)ointment of J. C. W. 
Coxe in 1870 for a second year; 1871 to 1873, H. W. Woi-then ; 
lH74and 1875, O. M. Boutwell ; 1876 and 1877, I). Dorchester, 
Jr. : 1878 and 1879, N. F. Perry. 

Tlie ninth decade, 1880, N. F. Perry for a third year; 1881, A. 
L. Cooper; 1882 and 1883, Isaac McAnn ; 1884 and 1885, W. J. 
Johnson ; 1886 and 1887, A. L. Cooper. 

The Vennont Conference met for the third time in Springfield 
in 1870, Bishop Matthew Simpson presiding. The conference 
sessicm began April 21. The bishop pivached on Sunday morn- 
ing in the Town Hall from John xv. 16. During the sermon he 
stated that he had an impression that some one in the congregation 
was hearing his last gospel sennon. Several times in his ministry 
he hail experienced a similar impression while [preaching, which 
had proven true in eveiy instance. A citizen of Springfield, who 
was i)resent and heard the bishop, died during the following night. 

Local Preachers, 

The names of several local preachers are foiuid in tlie quarterly 
conference records of the Springfield Church. Horace Albee, M. 
T. Schofield, and Daniel Davis appear in this capacity as early as 
1835; and later, Elisha Hale, Daniel J.Gordon, H. W. Houghton, 
Enoch Ward, Adna Newton, Rol^ert Clark, M.C. Dean, and othei-s. 
Of these Adna Newton joined the Vennont (-onference in 1846, 



100 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

and was in tlie active pa,storate twenty-one yeai-s, till 1867. In 
1869 he took a local relation, and died a few yeai"s later. 

Robert Cark joined the Providence Conference, and is still doing 
effective work in the minis tiy. 

M. C. Dean joined the Vermont Conference in 1860, and was 
ti-ansferred to a Western conference in 1867. He is now (1887) 
a member of the Genesee Conference, Western New York. 

Official Memhers, 

A complete list of the official membei's of the church has been 
preserved. Among those who held the office of steward, early 
after Springfield became an appointment by itself, are J. W. Bis- 
bee, Amtxsa Spofford, A. H. Houghton, C. C. Ellis, Leonard Ellis, 
James Bates, Benj. Herrick, and M. T. Schofield; S. K. Randall 
Wcis elected steward in 1886, H. W. Houghton in 1840, Jonathan 
Martin in 1843, Isaac Howe in 1846, F. P. Ball in 1854, F. B. 
Oilman in 1855, Pliny Barrows in 1856, Isaac Dodge, H. F. Par- 
tridge, and H. H. Howe in 1860, John A. Slack and John S. 
Herrick in 1863. 

John A. Slack was leader of the clioir from 1847 to 1867, 
twenty yeai*s. 

The names of the stewards for 1887 and 1888 ai-e : F. B. Gil- 
man, J. A. Slack, W. H. Cobb, (i. S. Derby, Isaac Ellis, H. F. 
Wyman, R. S. Herrick, J. 1). Cutler, R. T. Johnson, F. L. Piper, 
E. Thompson, D. K. Barry, W. A. Sweet ; class leader, H. II. 
Howe. 

Sunday School, 

The tii*st Sunday school connected with the Methodist Church 
in Springfield was organized by Leonard Ellis in 1827 or 1828. 
He was a brother of C. C. Ellis, and united with the church in 
1822. He wiis an active and useful member as Sunday-school 
superintendent and steward, and left behind him at his death a 
good Christian influence. 

The fii'st mention of the Sunday school in the quarterly confer- 
ence records is in 1840, when J. W. Bisbee was superintendent, 
and S. K. Randall was secretarv and libmrian. 



OF SPKINGFIELD, VT. 



101 



The school at that time had nine teachers, thirty-two scholars, 
and one Bible class. 

In 1842 the school reported 18 officei*s and teachers, 102 
seholai's, and 130 volumes in the libmry. The school has since 
had a fairly successful history, having the largest numlier of 
scholars in 1870 to 1880. 

J. A. Slack, F. P. Ball, II. F. Wyman, R. S. Herrick, H. H. 
Howe, and others have served the school as superintendent in its 
later history. 

W. II. Cobb was elected to this office in 1887 and 1888. 



Presiding Eldern, 

The following is a list of the names of presiding elders, with 
their terms of service, w^ho have served the church in Springfield 
in this office : — 



John Broadhead . 
Joseph Crawford 
E. R. Sabin 
Thomas Branch . 
Eleazer Wells 
Joseph A. Men-ill 
John Lindsey 
Wilbur Fisk 
John W. Hardy . 

B. R. Iloyt 

Geo. W. Fairbanks 
Eleazer Jordan . 
W. 1). Cass 
Jai*ed Perkins 

C. R. Harding . 
Jos. C. Aspenwall 
Zeb. Twitchell . 
H. Eastman 
Alonso Webster . 
L. H. Hooker 

H. W. Worthen . 



1800-1802 
1803,1804 
1800,1806 
1807-1810 
1811-1814 
1815-1818 
1819-1822 
1823-1825 
1826-1829 
1830-1833 
1834,1835 
1836-1839 
1840 
1841-1843 
1844-1847 
1848-1851 
1852, 1853 
1854-1857 
1858-1860 
1861,1862 
1863-1866 



102 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



L. C. Dickinson . 
J. W. Guernsey . 
J. D. Beenian 
H. A. Spencer 
A. L. Cooper 
Richard Morgan 



1867- 
1871- 
1875- 
1879- 

1882- 
1886- 



187 
187*= 

187» 

-188L 
-1885 
-1889 



Na7nei< of Member m^ IS J J. 

The foUowing list of names of nienibei"s of tlie Methodist 
Episcopal Church in Springfield is the earliest full list that can 
l)e found previous to 1854. The names were copied from the old 
church records of the Weathei-sfield circuit, now in possession of 
the church at West Windsor. After Springfield w^as separated 
from it in 1882, West Windsor l)ecame the principal ai)pointment 
of the northern i)art of the Weathei-sfield work, and gave its 
name to the circuit the following year. 



Ephraim Bradford. 
Jane Bradford. 
Nathaniel Burgess. 
Rachael Jaquies. 
Chester M. Lenatlian. 
Joseph Stone. 
Nathan iel 1 1 ( > ward . 
Polly Howard. 
Molly Newton. 
Gad Bislx?e. 
Eli Hiiskins. 
Rhoda Davis. 
Esther Bemis. 
Abigail Hivskins. 
Jane Wilson. 
Anna Wilson. 
Asahel Power's. 
Eleanor Powei's. 
Bridget Ellis. 
Elizabeth Randall. 



Leonard Ellis, Oct. 9, 1822. 
Jarvis Newhall, Dec. 6, 1822. 
Josiah Jaquith, Nov. 6, 1822. 
Sarah Pond, Dec. 6, 1822. 
Maria Frazer, May 9, 1823. 
Sophronia Ilewey. 
Adeline Spooner. 
Hannah Schofield, April, 1823. 
Rhoda Hewev. 
Sallv Whitnev. 

ft ^ 

Sophia Powei's. 

Martha Sawyer, May, 1823. 

Sarah Wilson. 

John Slack. 

Sallv Slack. 

Jonixs Taylor. 

Ihinnali Taylor. 

Israel Taylor. 

Betsey Taylor. 

John W. Bisbee. 



OF SPKIXGFIELD, VT. 



103 



Xnua Bisbee. 

A^^^i Field. 

"^•^^jamin Lyncle (or Lincls). 

Haiiiiah Linds. 

Peggy Holt. 

Alinira Holt. 

Oarissa Holt. 

.Siillv Sartwell. 

Mary Ann Carley. 

Xaney Selden. 

Caroline Dutton. 

Amasa H. Houghton. 

Alniii*a W. Houghton. 

Abigail Ha«kins. 

Aaron Parks. 

Betsey Parks. 

Jot ham Britton. 

Betsey Britton. 

Elias Damon. 

Abigail Damon. 

Shipley M. Bmdford. 

Haryey Latham. 

Jemima Latham. 

Cieorge Brown. 

Anna Brown. 

Lois Walker, Jan. 25, 1824. 

James Bates, Oct. 8, 1823. 

Mary Bates, Oct. 8, 1823. 

Elizabeth Ann Wright, Aug., '23. 

Lydia Shedd, Aug. 10, 1823. 

Justin Taylor. 

Emily Slack. 

Submit Powei-s, Oct. 27, 1823. 



Abiah Whitney. 

Fanny Willard, Oct. 22, 1823. 

Nancy Rogei-s. 

Rul)y Sortwell. 

Daniel Field, May 4, 1824. 

Harriett Bisl)ee, August, 1824. 

Betsey Sawyer. 

Nancy Linds. 

Anna Parker. 

Eleazer Kendall. 

Content Kendall. 

Charles Damon. 

Betsey Bellows. 

Eunice Burr. 

Hopes till Harlow. 

P21izabeth Randall. 

Horatio Bingham. 

Zomah Sanderaon. 

Sarah Bingham. 

Phihi Parker. 

Lucinda Weston. 

Ruth Whitney. 

Lydia Sawyer. 

Philia Walker. 

Esther Richards. 

(■aroline Walker. 

Anna Parker. 

Amasa Spaflford. 

Elthusa House, August, 1824. 

Anna Fassett. 

Sarah Lock wood. 

Jarvis Newhall, Dec. 6, 1822. 



The following is the list of names found in the church records 
at Athens, referi'ed to elsewhere, Ijearing date from 1813 to 
1820: — 



104 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



Isaac Locke. 

Abiather Knapp, 1817. 

Anna Knapp, 1817. 

Nathaniel Finney. 

Lovicia Finney. 

Pearly Fassett. 

Alfleda Fassett, died. 

Joseph Hodgman. 

Sarah Hodgman. 

Nellie Woods. 

Nancy Robinson, died 1813. 

Lucy Robinson. 

Lorana Lock. 

Jason Woods. 

Samh Woods. 

Sally Woods. 



Aaron Fuller. 

Betsey Fuller, died Nov., 1818. 

Nancy Woods. 

Eunice Fuller. 

Luther Damon. 

Betsey Damon. 

Ruthena Kurm. 

Rebecca Boynton, died Jan. 7, 

1817. 
Laomi Eaton. 
Charlotte Eaton. 
Abigail Woods. 
Electa Cushman. 
Nelly Johnson. 
Olive Cushman. 
Prudence Watkins. 



Note. —The names of Willium Tettigrew, Joel Wlnrh, and Asa Kent, and others not In 
tills list are among the names of early preachers in SpringlleM preserved by Mrs. Abigail 
Damon, and one authority states that Joel Winch was the first Methodist preacher stationed 
in Springfield, while the fact is that there was no preacher properly stationed in town till 
1832, when Springfield was separated from the Weathersfleld <rlrcult and made an appoint- 
ment by itself, or was the chief appointment of a new circuit. The most reasonable 
explanation that can he given of these discrepancies Is this : The men named almve were 
stationed on the Athens circuit in 1803 and 1804, and daring the same time Weathersfleld 
and Woodstock were united In one charge. Springfield may have Iteen connected witli the 
Athens circuit during these years, a part of the town at least, and Mr. Winch lived In town 
during his term of sen'lce. A further explanation may be that there Is a probability that a 
part of Springfield was connected with the Athens work permanently, as the records there 
report the names of a Springfield class as late as 1820, and these names are entirely different 
from the names connected with the Weathersfield cln'.ult, and still represented In the mem- 
bership of the church. In this case the Athens class must have included the southwestern 
portion of the town. 

Death of John Slack, 

The circumstances connected with the death of Mr. John Slack, 
one of the early membei's of the Methodist Church in Springfield, 
and father of John A. Slack, Esq., were particularly sad. 

Several years before the event, while returning on foot from a 
camp-meeting in Weathei-sfield, in company with several others, 
he was surprised and rim over by a runaway team, and received 
injuries w^hich seriously affected his mind, and from which he 
never fully recovered. At times he would tecome so bewildered 
and lost as not to know what he was doing. On one of these 




Baptist church - North Springfield. 



OF SPKINGFIELD, VT. 105 

oeeasioiLs he left home to visit a neighlx)r, Samuel Taylor, Esq. 
(his wife's brother), then living on a fann now owned by Mr. 
Simeon Latham. As he had been accustomed to go about in this 
wav, and return at his convenience, the fact that he did not re- 
turn the same day or the next did not awaken any special anxiety 
oil the pai-t of his son and family wdth whom he lived. Learning 
later tliat he had left the place to which he lii*st went, incpiir}' was 
made for him of the neighboi's and also of relatives living at a dis- 
tance, whom he was accustomed to visit, but no knowledge of him 
could l)e obtained. A search was then made by the people of the 
town ill the fieltls and w^oods wherein it was thought possible for 
him to wander, but all to no puri)Ose. 

The follo^\dng spring Mr. Hinim Houghton, living on the place 
now owned bv Mr. John C. Eaton, sent liis hired man into the 
woods east of the house to cut some withes. In passing up a 
narrow and somewhat secluded ravine in the woods less than half 
a mile from Mr. Taylor's, he came upon a pair of booths lying ui)on 
the ground wnth the toes up, and upon examination he found that 
these Ixjots were attached to the remains of a human body, which 
proved to be those of Mr. Slack. The position of the remains in- 
dicated that in passing through the woods on the way home he 
slipped or fell from the edge of the mvine and received injuries 
that caused his death. Parties making search for him the autumn 
before passed near the place where he fell, but failed to notice 
him. 

THE BAPTIST CHUltCH. 

The Baptist Church at North Springfield was instituted and 
"received into fellowship " by a council, Aug. 81, 1808. It was 
designated as '* The Weathei"sfield and Baltimore Imuich of the 
Chester Church." The church at Chester was organized in 1789. 
Twelve of the fifty-nine constituent memlx^i's resided in Spring- 
field, the others in Baltimore and Weathei-sfield. Those in 
Springfield w^ere: David Boynton, Matthew Pierce, El)er Blie, 
James Miller, Hannah Lainson, Pais Schofield, Lucy Oris wold, 
Dolly Blie, Cliarlotte Cook, Ruth Schofield, Mercy Streeter, and 
Lucy Miller. The first regular meeting of the church was held 



106 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Sept. 8, 1808, at the house of Ephniini Boyntoii iii Weathei-sfield^ 
where Colman Bowen now lives. Beniaii Boynton was moderator, 
and Seth Houghton was chosen clerk. 

At a meeting held at the same place, March 29, 1804, Beman 
Boynton was elected to the office of deacon. On Nov. 13, 1806, 
Daniel Boynton wi\s ordained by a council to the work of the 
gosi)el ministry. He was brotlier to Jewett, Beman, and Ephi-aim, 
sons of Col. John Boynton, who w^as an officer in the Revolution- 
arv War. He w^as one of the early settlei's of Weathersfield, and 
came from Winchendon, Miuss. Daniel Boynton lived on what is 
now know^n a.s the Joel Woodbury fami. He was the minister 
who preached the lii'st sermcm in the town of Baltimore. He 
afterwards preached in Essex, Vt., and w^ius pastor of the Bai)tist 
Church in Johnson. 

At a meeting of the church, Sept. 5, 1807, Silas Bigelow was 
chosen to the office of deacon, and he held the office worthily 
until his death, Aug. 27, 1833. He lived in Weathensfield, where 
Willard Leland now resi<les. Jan. 2, 1808, Dea. Beman Boynton 
wius licensed to [)reach, and the same year he was ordained. He 
was lK>rn in Winchendon, Mass., in 17<)8 ; died in Weathei-sfield 
in 1849. His e<lucati()n was limited, but he w^as a diligent 
student of the Bible. He [)i-eached in and about North Spiing- 
field at such times and places as he was able to aiTange for. 

The tii-st meeting-house w-ius built during the year 1815. It 
wius a brick building, and stood on the plain northejist of the 
[)resent church. The land was deeded by Daniel Griswold to 
Jonathan Woodbury, Jonathan Webster, and Jewett Boynton for 
the considemtion of -Vol. 50. 

Hev. Isaac Bucklyn was the immediate successor of Mr. Boyn- 
ton iis pastor. He was dismissed Noveml)er, 1818, with recom- 
mendation to the church in Arlington. 

Rev. Reuel Lothrop was the next minister, but his stay was 
veiy short. He was followed by Rev. Ri(;hard M. Ely, who began 
his ministry here in 1820, and remained ten years. During liis 
ministry the membei-ship increased from forty-two to one hundred 
and forty. Mr. Ely was afterwards pastor of the churches at 
Saxton's River, Townshend, Cliester, Mt. Holly, Cavendish. He 
died in 1801. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 107 

Rev. Ezm Fisher was pastor from 1830 to 1832. He was boni 
in Wendell, Mass., Jan. 6, 1800 ; spent his early life on a farm; 
graduated from Amheret College in 1829; married Feb. 7, 1830, 
Luev Taft. After leaving Springfield he was a missionary in tlie 
West, and in 1852 was general missionary in Oregon. He died 
Nov. 1, 1874. 

Rev. Cyrus Hodges was the next pastor. He was born in 
Leicester in 1802. He remained four yeai-s, and was dismissed 
Maiy 6, 1837. He went to Westport, N. Y., tlience to Benning- 
ton, Vt., and then to Bristol, where he died in 1851. During his 
ministrj" the new church was built, and was dedicated Dec. 30, 
1835. 

Rev. M. I). Miller succeeded Mr. Hodges, and remained about 
two yeai"s. It was at this time that the second advent meetings 
were held in Noith Springfield under William Miller, who fixed 
the time of the second coming of Christ in 1843. 

Rev. Benjamin Brierly was pastor from 1839 to 1841. He was 
bom in York County, England, Nov. 24, 1811 ; died in Nevada, 
July 26, 1863. He came to America when ten years of age. He 
pursued a course of study at Newton, Mass., and New Hampton, 
N. H. He was well read in geneml literature, and was a ready 
and vigorous writer. 

The next pastor was Rev. D. M. Cmne, who began his ministry 
hei*e in 1842, and ended it in 1845. During his pastorate there 
was a noted revival, and over eighty were Imptized. 

Rev. Nathaniel Cud worth was pastor from 1845 to 1849. He 
was bom in Putney, Vt., Jan. 2, 1814. He was educated at 
Brattleboro and Townshend, Vt., and at Hamilton, N. Y. His 
first pistorate was in Jamaica, second in North Springfield, third 
in Ludlow, and fourth in Perkinsville. While at Ludlow he was 
for two years representative to the State Legislature. He died 
at Perkinsville, deeply lamented and greatly beloved, Aug. 2, 
1871. 

Rev. Baxter Burrows followed Mr. Cudworth, and preached 
until 1857. Sixty-one were received into membership during his 
ministry. Mr. Burrows was I)orn in Petersham, Mjiss., July 22, 
1804. He studied with Rev. Mr. Fisher, and was three vears at 



108 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

the Institute at New Hampton, N. H. In 1841 he was pastor of 
the church in Ludlow, and in 1849 of the church in Graftou. 
After the close of his pastoi-ate, Mr. Burrows lived on his farm in 
Weatherstield, continuing to preach as a supply for various 
churches in the adjoining towns. He died in Springfield. 

Kev. W. L. Picknell l^egan his pastorate here in Januarj-, 1858, 
and it continued until his death, Sept. 28, 18G7. He was bom in 
Fairfax in 1823, studied at New Hampton, N. H., and preached in 
Hinesburgh and Windham before coming to Springfield. His 
ministry^ here was a very successful one. 

Rev. Cyprian P. Frenyear succeeded Mr. Picknell, but remained 
only one year. He was of French parentage, lx)rn in Henry ville, 
P. Q., July 4, 1886. His pai*ents were Roman Catholics. He 
graduated from the Theological Institute at Fairfax in 1868. He 
wtis pastor successively at Middletown, Im, Noi-th Springfield, 
Jamaica, and Townshend. He died May 13, 1876. 

In 1870, Rev. D. M. Ci-ane was a second time called to the 
pastorate and remained until April, 1875. He was lx)rn in Brook- 
line, Vt., Feb. 29, 1812. Studied at Franklin and Pierce acade- 
mies in Massachusetts, and at l^rown rnivei*sity. He died at 
West Acton, Mtiss., Sept. 4, 1879. 

Rev. Robert G. Johnson began his ministry here in August, 
1875, and remained until 1883. He was followed by Rev. J. H. 
Robbins, who [)reaclied two yeai*s. 

The church was thoroughly repaired and remodelled in 18So 
and 1886. At this time tliere was no settled pastor. Rev. I. W. 
C()oml)s began preaching in 1886, and continued until 1888, when 
he was succeeded by Rev. W. P. liartlett, who was settled as 
pastor, A[)ril 21, 1889. Mr. Bartlett closed his laboi-s as pastor 
Nov. 1, 1891, and was followed by Rev. Alfred Chipman, who 
began liis work Sept. 8, 1892, and is still (1894) pastor. 

The follow^ing pei*sons have served as deacons : — 

Beman Boynton, chosen in 1804 ; Silas Bigelow, in 1807; John 
Kelly, in 1822; Barna IJigelow, in 1882; Jewett Boynton, Jr., in 
1832; John Field, in 1886: Levi Piper, in 1848:' Joel Wood- 
bury, in 1848: Jonathan M. Boynton, in 1857: Orrin E. Averill, 
in 1857. 



!l 



1 1 
I i 



II 
■ i ' 



1 j 

■I 

■ I 
, I 
!■« * 

1 

i' 



r 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 109 

Clerks, 

"^"^ Houghton, from 1803 to 1815; Jewett Boynton, Sr., 
fr^>^ 1815 to 1823 ; Jonathan Boynton, from 1823 to 1830 ; 
J^Avm Boynton, Jr., from 1830 to 1837 ; William Dyer, from 
1845 to 1851 ; Edson X. Pierce, from 1861 to 1888 ; Joshua 
Ip'^ftm Ls the present clerk. 

UNIVERSALIST SOCIETY AND CHURCH. 

Of the early history of the Univei-salist Society in Springfield 

fcut little is known, as no official records are now to be found. 

h is known, however, that such an organization did exist as early 

as the latter part of the last century, as the following, taken from 

the town records, will show : — 

^'Springfield, Nov. 1, 1795. 

"This may certify, whom it may concern, — that Silas Boyes is of, and 
>eloDg8 to, the Universalist Society in the toxni aforesaid. 

" ZEBULON STHEE'raR, Elderr 

The organization of this society was centi-ally located in the 
outh part of the town, on what is known iis Parker's Hill, and 
contained members not only living in Springfield, but some living 
contiguous in the adjoining town of Rockingham. Among those 
who composed the society were, Leonard Walker, Leonard Parker, 
Phineas White, James Walker, David Fletcher, Timothy Good- 
Qow, William Thayer, William Haseltine, and Jonas Haseltine. 
A small but convenient house was built in that locality at an 
early day, called the *^ Society House of Worship," which was 
occupied for meetings on Sundays, and for a schoolhouse on 
week-days. This house was demolished quite a numl)er of yeai-s 
ago. 

At one time early in the present centuiy, Rev. Russell Streeter 
was settled over this society, and lived on Parker's Hill, but how 
long he remained no one now living can tell. After his removal 
the society was supplied with preaching by transient and itinei-ant 
preachers during quite a number of years. Among them may be 
mentioned Warren and Adolphus Skinner. 

Somewhere about the year 1830 Rev. William Bell was pastor 



110 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

of this society, and held meetings in the brick schoolhouse st.t/^^ 
ing near what is now the Univei*salist Church ; for the village 
had grown, and the society had extended it« meml>ei'ship into th£ss 
part of the town. How long Mr. Bell remained is not known. 

In 1833 the present church edifice was built. It was called ^ 

Union house, and was owned by Universalists and Episcopalians- 

From this time until 1840 the pulpit was occupied by various 

preachers in both of the denominations owning in the house, 

and even *' Pai-son Smiley " consented to fill the desk for a season. 

During the year 1840 the Rev. Solomon Laws was the stated 
and resident preacher. Then Rev. G. W. Bailey became the ixmt- 
tor, whose ministry extended from 1841 to 1847. He was sue- 
ceeded by Rev. W. S. Ballon, whase services were continued two 
yeai*s. Then the following clergymen respectively occupied the 
desk during the periods stated, viz. : Rev. J. W. Ford, from 184!< 
to 1801: Rev. J. Fisher, from 18ol to 185"2; Rev. Luther Kite, 
from 1852 to 1856; Revs. Silas Farington, W. A. Bassett, and 
Harrison Closson, from 1856 to 1863 (no definite record of tlie 
ministry of these tlii-ee clergymen can now be found) ; Kev* 
Asher Moore, from 1864 to 1867 ; Rev. J. H. Farnswoilh, from 
1869 to 1873 ; Rev. J. F. Gates, from 1873 to 1874 ; Rev. J. F. 
Simmonds, from 1874 to 1878 ; Rev. Mi-s. R. A. I). Tal)or, from 
1878 to 1879 ; Rev. (1. W. Patten, from 1880 to 1882 ; Rev. F. S. 
Rice, from 1882 to 1887; Rev. L. L. Green, from 1888 to 1880; 
Rev. C. F. Mclntire, from 1890 to 1892 ; Rev. Thomas; Bonleii, 
from 1892 to 1894. 

The IJnivei-salist Society in Springfield w^as i*eorganized in 
1870, adopting a new constitution, and receiving the signatums 
of a]x)ut eighty membei-s. In October, 1842, during the ministry 
of Rev. G. W. Bailey, a dnirch wi\,s organized in connection with 
the society, with a meml)ei'ship of sixty-five. This chiuvh was 
reorganized in 1869 under tlie ministry of Rev. J. H. Faniswortb, 
when many new meml)ei-s were added to it. In the church reconk 
we find the names of one hundred fifty-one memliers, but many of 
these have died and many more have moved from town, so 
that the exact number of living memteis at the present time can- 
not be stated. There are now alx)ut sixty living in town. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. Ill 

^^^^ church edifice wiis remodelled and re[)aired in 1873, at an 
e^V^Use of l^etween seven and eight thousand doUai-s. It then 
^«<^^uie the sole property of the Ihiiversalist Society. Thei-e has 
^^^ connected with this church and society since 1842 a large 
and prosperous Sabbath school, sometimes numbering Jis high as 
two hundred and fifty, teachei-s and schohii's. 

METHODIST CHURCH AT WEST SPRINGFIELD. 

At an early day one Elder El)enezer Davis, a ti-avelling preacher, 
came into Springfield and formed a Methodist class at tlie west 
part of the town, in what was then tlie ninth school district. Ben- 
jamin Lewis, Daniel Ilowe, Benjamin Alcbich, James Litchfield, 
and others were meml)ers of this organization. Iliey sustiiined 
religious meetings from this time, sometimes having circuit prejich- 
ei-s. and at others pi-eachei's fi*om the adjoining towns. Through 
the efforts of Benjamin Lewis a church wa^s built in 1840. They 
are known as Reformed Methodists; and Kev. George E. Lewis, son 
of Benjamin, has for many yeare been the piustor of this church. 
The foundere were energetic, devoted Christians, and believed in 
education and good schools. This community claims to l)e second 
to none in tlie number of educated men that have I)een mised up 
therein, liaving furnishe<l and sent out nine ministei-s, two editors, 
two doctors, and one lawyer. About 1885 this church was re- 
organized, and a lease given to a l)oard of trustees for the use of 
the Kefonned Methodist Church as long its they ix^cupy it for reli- 
gious woi-ship, but for no other purpose. ' 

ST. MAKIv's EPrSCOrAL CHUUCH. 

From the early settlement of the town theiv were membei-s of 
the Episcopal Chui-c^li among the inhabitants, and parishes were 
organized in Weathei-sfield and in Rockingham l)efoi'e 1800. 
When the present Tnivei'salist (Miurch edifice was built in 1834, 
the Episcopalians ai<led in the work and owned pews, but aftei^ 
wards disposed of their interest to the Tnivei'salists. At one time 
Rev. Luman Foote, a resident of I)rews\ ille, N. H., was the rector, 
and had charge of lK)th parishes for a time, after which the society 



112 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

depended on niiiiistei's sent by the Inshop of the diocese. Through 
the effoi-ts of the ladies of a sewing circle and some memben of 
the society, an effort was agiiin made to establish a paiish, and the 
present name was given to the church. Rev. Joseph McUw&ine 
Wiis rector during [)art of the yeai-s 18t)S, 1869. After his depart- 
ure the interest seemed to die out an<i meetings wholly ceasecL 
In 1887 Hcv. Charles W. Coit, rector at ( 'harlestowu, N. H., pe^ 
suaded a numlx»r of the memtei-s to hold meetings, and offered 
his services gratuitously. A meeting wjus lield Sept. 18. 1887, 
tlie society having been organized in the spring of 1886. Rev- 
Mr. Coit continued in charge of the parish until his removal from 
Charlcstown in September, 1888. Afterward Rev. Edwaid N. 
Gochlard of Windsor had c^harge under appointment of the bishop. 

Kev. Harris is the present rector, and meetings are held 

everv Sunday in the Golden ('ross Hall. 

SECOND ADVENT CHUHCH. 

In 18<^9 Kcv. H. F. Carpenter organized a Second Advent 
Church at tlie Xortli Vilhige, and became the tii-st ^mstor. He 
wa.s succeeded bv Rev. Ballard B. Chedel in 1874. He remained 
until 1881. Rev. I). W. Davis was tlie next pastor, but left in 
1887. In January, 188i^ Rev. Oscar Beckwith was installed, 
and is still the pastor. 

ST. I^ATIUCK's ROMAN CATHOLIC^ CHURCH. 

The Roman Catliolics lield me(;tings formerly in a hall, but 
not regularly until 1872, when a church was formed, and the 
l)resent church building was [)urchased and remodelled. Services 
were lield each month until 1889, since which time they have 
l)een lield every two weeks. The tii-st priest in cliarge was 
Rev. Edward Jeandious, from Bellows Falls. The next was 
Rev. Edward Reynolds, of the same place. The present pastor 
is Rev. P. J. Houlilian, from Ludlow. 



i 



OF Sl»RIXGFIELD, VT. 118 



SCHOOLS. 



The early inhabitants of Springfield, in common with those of 
all New England towns, were earnest supporters of churches and 
schools. The fii-st school of which we have any account was at 
the house of Hezekiah Holmes, on the Dr. Hubbard faiin, in the 
8umraer of 1773, taught by Sarah Stevens, a sister of Simon 
Stevens. It will be seen by the history of the churches that this 
was the same liouse and the same year in which the first meetings 
for publi« worship were held. Afterwards these meetings were 
held at the taveni house of Lieut. Roger Bates on the Christopher 
Ellis place, and it was near there that the fii'st schoolhouse in 
town was built. 

The second was at Eureka. A Mr. Coffin taught a school 
there about 1795 ; the schoolhouse was probably built in 1794. 

The town early took action looking toward the support of 

schools. In February, 1782, Simon Stevens, Daniel Gill, and 

Emanuel Ctuse were appointed a committee to look up the '- School 

Right," and in 1784 a committee was appointed to divide the town 

into school districts. A similar committee was appointed in 1788, 

and another in 1794, when it appeal's that the firet districts were 

foiined. In 1812 there were eighteen districts, but the following 

3*ear No. 18 was united to No. 17. The fii^^t schoolhouse at 

tlureka stood on the opposite comer, west of the present location. 

Vhe one on Parker Hill was [)robably the next, and wjis built 

<^arlv in the century. It was used bv the Univei*salist Society 

for meetings, and wa,s called the ^^ Society House." The fii*st 

**f:*liool house near the village wa.s on the corner where Frank 

J^ohnson lives, near tlie Connnon. This was burned, and the 

^Xext one built was where tlie present schoolhouse stands. The 



114 HISTOUY OF THE TOWN 

district west of the villtige was called the Brown district, and the 
schoolhouse was near the site of the present one on Union StzeeL. . 
That in Ilardsci-abble was opposite where Stillman Barrett livMi;' 
{yid the one in No. 11 on the west hill was l)etween the Fallu 
place and Elmer Merritt's. 

Isaac Howe, who wa^ lx)rn in 1802, went to school in an old 
dwelling-honse without any floor, on the farm fonnerly owned by 
Ilonice II. Howe on tlie west hill. Rena Phinney was the 
teaclier. Mr. Howe aftenvard attended a school taught by Rufns 
Hanstead, in the house where Mrs. Emery lives, near Bradford 
Harlow's. Lewis Hailow used to teach in Hardscnibble, also 
Henoni Lockwood. 

In 1812 the numl)er of children rej^orted in town between the 
ages of four and eighteen yeai-s was 1,040. In 1813 the largest 
numl)er ever reported, 1,145. In 1817 there w^ei*e 1,060; and 
from this time until 1882 the numl)er wtis over 1,000, and from 
1832 to 1873 the number was between 900 and 1,000. • 

It ha.s always Ikjcu tlie purpose of the people of Springfield to 
give the children good oppoi-t unities for education in their own 
town. Fiom 1S47 to 180G tlie larger pupils had the benefit of 
the Si)riiiglield Wcslevan Seminary, and these advantages were 
not inferior to anv in the Stat<? at that time, to which fact the 
lives of those who were educated there l>ear abundant testimony. 

In IHM the A^'rmont Conference being about to unite into one, 
the two schools previously supported decided to close the Semi- 
nary at Springfield. The influence and inspiration of this school 
during the twenty yeai-s of its existence here had l)een a jK^wer 
for good among the peo[>le, and an educational atmosphei'e j)er- 
vaded the whole connnunitv. About this time the districts on 
the C(mnnon, in the village, and on Seminary Hill w^ere united 
into one, called No. 7, taking the name of the one on the Com- 
mon, and the grading of the s(,'hools lK>gun. A new house was 
built on the west side of the river, now the Catholic Church, and 
a higher depaitmcnt organized, which was taught by such superior 
teachei-s as Miss Holt, Mi-s. Mar}' Lynde Foster, and Miss Marcia 
Brown. 

The Seminary pro[)erty was soon after i)urchased, the schools 



or SPHIXOFIELD, 




116 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

wei*e more thoroughly gi-aded, a course of study prepared for all 
grades, and a High School established in the Seminary building. 
The school committee, through whose efforts these changes were 
brought about, were, Dr. Langdon Sawyer, Charles A. Forbush^ 
Rev. L. H. Cobb, Henry Safford, Joel A. H. Ellis, and Jerome 
W. Pierce, and it is to these men that this town is in a large 
degree indebted for the excellent system of schools which was 
then established. Mr. Cobb had been teaching in Kimball 
Academy at Meriden, N. H., and came from there to his pastorate 
here. He at once saw the needs of our schools, and labored 
earnestly for their improvement, giving to the work of thLs 
committee the benefit of an experienced teacher and a skilled 
supervisor. The committee were also fortunate in the selection 
of many of the fii*st teachers under the new order, and in thase 
years the schools of this town were excelled by few, if any, public 
schools in the State. 

Principals of Springfield High School from its establishment in 
1867 to 1894 : H. H. Shaw, H. L. Slack, Heniy E. Lewis, Herbert 
D. Ryder, Frank E. Wheatley, John M. Comstock, John Mc- 
Crillis, George W. Andei'Hon, Ralph S. Hayes, George E. John- 
son, Charles H. Cambridge. 

In 1894 the town voted to build a new schoolhouse. The 
seliool directoi-s of the town were appointed a building committee, 
and invested with full power to purchase a site and erect a build- 
ing suitable for the needs of tlie people. This committee, con- 
sisting of W. II. H. Putnam, Jerome W. Pierce, (^harles A. For- 
bush, D. J. Boynton, L. M. Crfigin, and Russell S. Herrick, have 
purchased the grounds of tlie Parks estate of H. W. Harlow and 
the place lately owned by tlie late Daniel Rice, and a large and 
commodious laiilding is now in piocess of erection, which \A'ill l)e 
ample for the accommodation of alj the children of the village 
and the High School pupils of the town. 

The fii-st superintendent of schools in town was Rev. George 
W. Bailey, in 184G. He left tc)wn the same year, and Ephraim 
Walker, Jr., was ap[)ointed and continued in the oflice until 1860. 
Rev. W. L. Picknell was superintendent in 1800 and 1861 ; Wm, 
Henry Haskell, in 1862 and 1868; Francis P\ Parker, in 1864: 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 117 

James R. Walker, in 1865, 1866, and 1867 ; Rev. E. C. Bass, in 
1868 ; Wm. Henry Haskell again, in 1869 and 1870 ; Rev. J. W. 
€. Coxe, in 1871 ; fevHL. H. Cobb, in 1872 ; Rev. H. W. Worthen, 
in 1873 ; Rev. S. H. Colburn, in 1874 and 1875 ; Rev. J. F. Sim- 
mons, in 1876 ; Lewis Davis, in 1877 ; Miss Luthera Whitney, in 
1878; Rev. George W. Bailey again, in 1879, 1880, and 1881; 
Rev. A. L. Cooper, in 1882 ; Rev. F. S. Rice, in 1883 ; Rev. George 
W. Bailey, the thiid time, in 1884 and 1885. In 1886 and 1887 
the town was experimenting with the town system. In 1888 Rev. 
I. W. Coombs was superintendent; in 1889 Rev. George W. 
Bailey, for the fourth time ; in 1891 L. M. Cragin was appointed 
under the town system and is still in office (1894). 

SPRINGFIELD WESLF.YAN SEMrNAKY. 

A literary and scientific institution with the alx)ve name was 
formed in Springfield by voluntary association July 11, 184(5. 
The following named pei"sons signed the articles of association : 
Samuel Whitcomb, Jr., Samuel Taylor, John W. Bisbee, Amasa 
H. Houghton, Russell Burke, Henry Closson, Leonard Chase, 
Jonathan Martin, Henry- Barnard, Henry Safford, Samuel Aldrich, 
Benjamin A. Herrick, E. A. Knight, N. B. Safford. 

This school was under the patronage of the Vermont Annual 
Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and, by order of 
the quarterly conference, the old brick meeting-house on the hill 
was deeded to the trustees. This deed was dated Oct. 20, 1846. 
The building was fitted up for school pui-poses, and the school 
opened March 2, 1847. The board of trustees appointed by the 
conference consisted of the following named pei-sons : Joseph C. 
Aspenwall, Henry Closson, Samuel Taylor, E. A. Knight, John 
W. Bisbee, Russell Burke, Charles R. Harding, Isaac Smith, and 
Jonathan Martin. 

This school had a prosperous existence for twenty yeai-s or 
more, though much of the time embarrassed with debt. This 
debt was at one time, in large part or wholly, removed by pei-sonal 
efforts of Rev. Hubbard Eastman. The institution did much to 
promote the interests of higher educjition in this part of the State, 
and its pupils are now found in every department of business and 



118 UrSTOUY OF THE TOWN 

of piofessioiuil life. In 1858 the Seminary was regfiilarlv ineor- 
porated by the I-.egislature of Vermont, and a collegiate depart- 
ment for ladies wius added for those who wished to take a higher 
course of study than the ordinary seminary coui-se. 

Kev. F. S. Hoyt was tlie first piincipal of the school, and he 
was followed hy IlaiYcy C. Wood, F. O. Blair, A. M. Wheeler, 
A. M. Arnold, W. (t. Leonard, JJ. H. JIutton, and M. C. Deane. 
eacli of whom wjis assisted hy a corps of competent teachei's. 

Mr. Whcelei' was occupying the position of principal for a 
second time when the institution closed. During scmie terms two 
hundred and fifty or more students were in attendance. Amonir 
those who attended the scliool as students were Rev. Dr. Putnam 
of Roxhury, Mass.: Damon Y. Kilgore, lawyer, J^hiladelphia : 
Calyin 1>. R<^bijison of Jacksonyille, Fla. ; Geo. O. Robinson, 
lawyer: Walbridore A. Field, Chief Justice of Massachusetts Su- 
preme Court: B.J. Brooks and Homer R. Weston, lawyers, of 
Syracuse, X. Y. : l^rof. M. D. Bisbee of Dartmouth College; Ed- 
gar J. Sherman, Judge of the Superior Court of Massachusetts ; 
Jlon. D. 11. Woodard, Keene, N. II.: Prof. Joseph W. Ellis, Al- 
bany, X. Y. ; Rev. and Mi*s. J. S. ]5ai rows of the New England 
Conference; Hon. E. D. Town, lawyer, of Boston: Hon. Henry 
Perkins of Chicago; George and John Rol>erts, lawyei-s, of Bos- 
ton: Hon. Oscar H. Iceland of I'exas : Hon. Reuben Young of 
Neyada : James M. Gleason of Boston: Dr. H. J. Young of Wis- 
consin : James M. Pcrham of California: Rey. (ieorge G. Dains, 
late of Gouyerneur, N. Y. : A. J. Fullam of New York ; and a 
large numl)er of otheis with e(pially honorable recoixis. 

In 18<J6, when the ^'ermont Conference proposed to raise funds 
for educational [)urposes, in connection with the celebration of 
the centennial of Methodism in th(^ United States, it was deemed 
better to concentrate its efforts upon one school rather than upon 
the two then existing at Newbury and Springfield. In accordance 
w ith tliis yiew, the pro[)erty at both places was sold and a semi- 
nary established at Montpelier. The property at Springfield was 
sold to the village school district in Springfield for public school 
purposes, and the Seminary buildings have been used for the high 
and grammar schools until the present time (1894). 



OF SPIUNGFIELD, VT. 



119 



LIBRARIES. 



There ai-e ti-aditioiis respecting the formation of societies eaily 
in the century for the purchase of books for the use of such fami- 
lies as saw fit to become membei*s, but no records are found going 
back prior to 1819. In th«at year a meeting wiis held at the 
dwelling-house of Col. Moses Fairbanks, who then lived opposite 
where the present hotel stands, for the pui-j^ose of organizing a 
library society agreeably to an Act incorporating the Social Library 
Societies wathin tliis State, and giving them certain powei's and 
privileges, passed Nov. 6, 1800. There were present at that 
meeting, Samuel M. Lewis, Elisha Bisbee, John White, Don 
Lovell, Eli Ames, Samuel Heminway, John Stevens, Peter White, 
Samuel W. Porter, Moses Cobb, Moses Fairbanks, Robinson 
Smiley, and Nomhis Cobb. 

At a meeting held Jan. 12, 1819, it was voted that the society 
should be known by the name of the Springfield Central Library. 
At a meeting held Jan. 18, 1819, the by-laws were adopted and 
officers chosen. In 1827, as shown by the records, there were one 
liundi-ed and ninety-eight volumes in the library. Libi-arians 
served as follows : — 

Nomlas Cobb from 1819 to 1833 

Jonathan Chase 
John Perkins . 
Don Lovell 
Henry F. Crain 
Heniy Classon 
Frederick W. Porter 
John Ward 
B. W. Lovell . 
Jen)me W. Pierce 



a 



»4 



ki 



kk 



kk 



kfc 



k( 



i(, 



1833 " 1834 

1834 " 1836 

1836 " 1837 

1837 " 1838 

1838 " 1846 
1846 " 1850 
18r30 " 18o8 
1858 " 1862 
1862 " 1871 



120 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

In 1871 this Central Library became a part of Springfield Town 
Library. The history of the various measures which led to the 
formation of the Town Libraiy is mostly to be found in the town 
records, and need not be transcribed here. 

In 1869 the Methodist Conference had concluded to transfer 
their interest in the Springfield Wesleyan Seminary to their 
scliool at Montpelier, and give up the Seminary at Springfield. 
Inasmuch as the citizens of Springfield had donated liberally to 
the funds for building up and supporting the Seminar}% it was 
agreed that one half of the proceeds of the sale of the Seminary 
property should go to the conference for the benefit of the school 
at Montpelier, and one half for the public benefit of the town of 
Springfield. In 1870 the Legislature passed an Act enabling the 
trustees of the Seminary to pay to the town their proportion for 
the l^nefit of a public library. 

It was arranged that the trustees of the Wesleyan Seminary 
should name one of the incorporatoi*s of the Town Library, the 
Springfield Central Library name one, the civil authority of the 
town name two, and that Ilenrv Barnard, in considei-ation of a 
gift which was then expected (but was never received), should 
act as one. The trustees of the Seminarj^ named Fiunklin P. 
Ball, the Central Libraiy trustees named Horace W. Thompson, 
and the civil authority appointed Jerome W. Piei\?e and Joel 
Woodbury. A charter was granted in 1870 with the above- 
named gentlemen as trustees. 

At the March meeting in 1871 the town voted to enter into a 
contract to accept the funds received from the Seminary trustees 
and from any other sources, and to hold the same in trust forever, 
the income to be used for the support of a town libraiy ; and also 
voted to pay annually the sum of two hundred dollara toward the 
support of said liljrary, which contract was executed March 18, 
1871, and is of recoid in Book 4 of the records of town meetings, 
page 450 et aeq. 

At the March meeting of 1874 the town voted an additional 
sum of fifty dollai-s to be paid yearly for the l)enefit of the library. 

The amount of the permanent fund received from the Seminary 
trustees (1894) is *2,r)88.(38. 



OF SPR1NGF1EI.D, VT. 121 

There are now (1894) alx)ut four thousand volumes in the 
library. The annual income consists of 

The interest on the fund .... If 155.02 
Annual appropriation by the town . . 250.00 



*405.02 



SPAFFOKD LIBRARY lU ILDING. 

Henry Harrison Spaflford, who died in Januarj', 1893, left by 
his Avill the sum of twenty thousand doUai-s to trustees, to be 
used in erecting and taking cai^ of a building for the public 
library of the town. The building is descril)ed as follows: It 
is a brick and terra-cotta structure, and stiinds upon the site of 
tlie dwelling and office of the late Judge Classon. 

The over-all dimensions are 40' x 56'. The main building, 
24' X 40', contains two reading rooms with a vestibule and hall 
iK'tween them. The ell at the rear, arranged symmetrically on 
an axis running through the hall, contains the stock room and 
librarian's room. This addition is 28' x 30', and \W11 accommo- 
date fifteen thousand volumes. The structure is one story, attic 
and Kosement in height, the ridge pole cresting l)eing forty feet 
al)ove the street level. Tlie style of the building may readily be 
classed as Renaissance, the order used being Corinthian. The 
front is embellished by a slight projection covered with pilastei*s 
supporting a pediment, in the face of which is a seal bearing the 
(late " 1895," and over the entrance under the arch is simk the 
seal of the State. The ornamentation is almost entirely of 
modelled terra-cotta of a soft brown color near that of the pressed 
brick of which the main building is built. The interior Hnish of 
the main part is stained quartered oak, and of the ell is ash. The 
building is heated by hot air and lit by electricity. 

The architects are Willard P. Adden of Reading, Mass., and 
Ru.ssell W. Poller of Boston. Trustees are Charles A. Forbush, 
Frederick W. Porter, and A. M. Alll)ee. 



HISTOKV'OF THE TOWN 



jg^ 




'^"if^Cy. 



H. 



^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 123 



SOCIETIES. 



MASONIC LODGES. 



The first Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in Vennont re- 
ceived its charter from the St. Andrew's Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts, dated Nov. 10, 1781. By the charter the Lodge was 
located at Springfield, under the name of Vermont Lodge, No. 17. 
^'^ this year, 1781, thirty-five towns east of the Connecticut River 
were admitted as a part of the State of Vermont, and in October 
^*f the same year a session of the Vennont Legislature w^as held 
*^ Charlestown, N. H. It was probably on account of this exten- 
sion of the jurisdiction of Vermont over these towns of New 
^^nipsliire that the fii*st meetings of the Lodge were held in 
^harlestown. The ofiicei-s w^ere elected Dec. 18, 1781, and Col. 
''ohii Barrett of Springfield became the Master, and held the office 
^^1" some yeai-s. This union of New Hampshire towns with Ver- 
^^nt wjis soon dissolved, and in 1788 a new Lodge was chartered 
^'^^l located at Charlestown, and Vermont Lodge was moved to 
Springfield and became Vermont Lodge, No. 1. 

In 1795 it was moved to Windsor, where meetings were held 
^^til 1831 when, owing to the anti-Masonic movement, it sus- 
pended. In 1846, w^hen the Grand Lodge of Vermont Avas reor- 
ganized, Vermont Lodge, No. 1, was not represented, but in 1850 
^^ again came into existence and was avssigned the subordinate 
J^iik of No. 18, instead of its former honored position of No. 1. 

Besides Col. John Barrett the following named early settlers of 
Springfield, among othei's, were meml^ers of Vermont Lodge pre- 
vious to 1788, viz., Roger Bates, James Martin, and James Bates. 
Oct. 8, 1811, St. John's Lodge, No. 31, was instituted^ in 
Springfield, and the fii'st meeting was held in Leonard Walker's 



I 



124 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Hall on Parker Hill, Oct. 21,1811, when James Underwood w 
chosen Master. 

In 1832 meetings were suspended until May 7, 1853, when a 
meeting was held in the hall in the Tontine Building, and Rev. 
Robinson Smiley became Master. Among other members at this 
time were James Chipman, Ebenezer Harlow, James Lovell, Elifus 
Damon, Simeon Harlow, A. L. Thompson, Barnum Harlow. 

This Lodge was reorganized Feb. 3, 1857, under a new charter'-^ 
James Lovell being the fii"st Master of the new Lodge. The nun3^ 
ber wjis then changed to 41. Tlie Lodge has rooms in Woolson*^^ 
Block, and enjoys one of the best halls in the Stat^. The oflicer^^ 
are, 1894, W. M., Charles H. Moore; S. W., A. W. Lafountaine ^ 
J. W., Fred O. Nash ; secretary, E. C. Burke ; ti-easui-er, heToy"^ 
M. Holmes. 

Skitchewaug Chapter, No. 25, Royal Arch Masons, was insti- 
tuted June 13, 1873. Meetings were tii-st held at North Spring- 
field, but the Chapter was afterwards moved to the village, and 
the meetings were held in Masonic Hall in Woolson's Block. In 
1887 the Grand Chapter granted permission to move the Chapter 
to Ludlow for four veai-s, after which it was to alternate between 
Ludlow and Springfield, two yeai-s in each place. The Chapter 
is in a flourishing condition. 

Springfield Coimcil, No. 18, Royal and Select Masters, was 
instituted at Springfield in 1878. 

INDEPKNDENT OUDEU OF ODD FELLOWS. 

The first Lodge of Odd Fellows in Springfield was chartered by 
the Grand Lodge of Vermont, Feb. 13, 1850. It was designated 
as Skitchewaug, No. 16. This Lodge continued operative about six 
years. The records of the eleventh annual session of tlie Gmnd 
Lodge, held at Rutland, in August, 1857, show that the charter 
had been surrendered, and with the effects of Skitchewaug Lodge, 
No. IG, was then in the hands of the Gmnd Secretary. 

The Order wa^ revived in this town, March 7, 1890, when 
Springfield Lodge, No. 42, was instituted by Gmnd Master O. H. 
Hendei-son, with eight charter membei"s. Twenty-one wei'e ini- 
tiated and received the degrees at the time of institution. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 125 

Columbia Lodge of Rebecca, ladies' degree, was instituted by 
L- J. Retting, Jan. 31, 1893, with eight charter members. Forty- 
two others were initiated at the time of institution. 

Both branches of the Order are now in a prosperous condition, 
and have well-appointed rooms, fitted up in the Hotel Block. 

TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES. 

Temperance reform in Springfield was not unlike the work in 
other towns. It required time and determined effort on the part 
^f a few to change the customs of the many. 

-As early as 1794 there is on record a vote of the town to 
hcense Lester Fling, who kept a hotel on the Common, to sell 
•'*I>intiious liquors, but his hotel being near the church, a complaint 
was made, and he was requested to move his place of business. 
Inere was a distiller}'- on what is now^ Seminary Hill, just beyond 
where Bradford Harlow now lives, on the other side of the 
^l^e^ter road. The old cellar may still be seen, and this hill by 
^*^^' Harlow's is still known as " Ginnery Hill." 

Ill 1829 a tempemnce society was formed. The meeting for 

^^"g^iiization was held in the schoolhouse in the village, Oct. 10. 

K^v. Richard Ely, Rev. E. W. Goodman, Dr. Moses Cobb, De:i. 

Horutio G. Hawkins, William W. Whitney, Dea. Ashbel Steele, 

*^^l others were foremost in this movement. A committee of 

^^^^Hoi's was appointed. Petitions were signed and presented to 

^^^^ selectmen, requesting them not to issue licenses, except to 

^^11 for medicinal and mechanical purposes. One memorial wiis 

^^SHed by one hundred and nineteen ladies. In town meeting, 

hoAvever, it was still voted to grant licenses, until 1844, when 

^"^ town voted not to license any house of public entertainment 

^^ sell intoxicating liciuoi-s. On July 4 of that year there was a 

wrge temperance celebration at the hotel of Joel Griswold, who 

*^^pt a tempemnee house at North Springfield. The next year a 

torni)ei*ance paper was started at Woodstock, and the Springfield 

s^'xiety made great efforts to increase the circulation and sustain 

tlie paper. Samuel Taylor, Otis B. Litchfield, Dr. Leonard 

Chase, Dr. Langdon Sawyer, and Dr. E. A. Knight were ap[)ointt d 

a committee to secure subscriptions. 



126 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

GOOD TEMPLARS. 

Some time in the sixties or earlier a Lodge of this Oi-dei 
organized, called Social Lodge, No. 41. This movement was 
popular for a time, and a large number of the citizens of the 
became members. In 1868 there were two hundi^ed and tl 
two active membei^ of the Lodge, tlie whole number admits 
membership having been three hundred and nine. The org? 
tion flourished for a number of years, but at length, like 
other organizations of kindred nature, it died out. 

SONS OF TEMPEUAXCE. 

A Division of the Sons of Temperance was instituted j 
1850, and was in active operation for some years, and then c 
to exist. Springfield Division of the Sons of Temperanc( 
organized March 7, 1881, and continued for seven or eight ; 
when it was discontinued. 

A Division of the Cadets of Temperance was here for a 
about 1850. 

woman's CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION. 

When the War of the Rel>ellion closed, the noble women 
had done such bi'ave and patriotic service for tlie soldiere, in 
and camp and hospital, sought other opportunities for doing 
and blessing liumanity, and they turned their attention t 
monster evil of intemperance. The Woman's Christian Te 
ance Union was organized, and soon became national and 
national. A bmnch of the Order was formed in Springfielc 
work for the homes, the schools, and the community was 1 
liere. 

Tlie work has heeu largely with and for the young. Te 
ance instruction has been urged in the schools, societies a 
the children have been organized, temperance concerts have 
held, and union temperance meetings of all chxsses and deno 
tions have at different times Ijeen held on Sabbath evenii 
the Town Hall. The good work of this organization is still 
on, and great credit is due to the faithful membei*s who 
labored so earnestly to promote temperance, purity, and < 
tianity. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 127 



MANUFACTURES AND BUSINESS. 



THE JOHN C. HOLMES COMPANY. 

In November, 1821, Samuel Holmes of Peterborough, N. H., 
bought of Isaac Fisher his old cottou factory and the water power 
bi4onging to it, on the west side of Black River, above the 
fjJls, and in tlie following winter removed with his family to 
Springfield. He proceeded at once to fill the factory with new 
machinery for spinning and weaving cotton. In 1823 he sold a 
one-half interest tlierein to his younger brothei-s, Enos and John 
Holmes, and the business was continued under the name of S. E. 
^ J. Holmes. Very soon an additional building of two stories 
was erected for a machine shop, for the })uilding of cotton and 
v»'oollen machineiy. In 1828 Samuel Holmes sold his interest in 
the concern to liis partnei-s, and returned with his family to his 
fann in Peterborough, where lie died in 18()8. Shortly after the 
^^'0 paitnei-s were joined by their brother-in-law, Daniel Adams, 
^'to came from Jaffrev, N. H. 

In subse([uent yeai-s the manufacture of sandpa])er, lead pipe, 
^^^ shoe pegs was added to the business. Enos Holmes at length 
^W out his interest to his partnei*s, and moved to a farm in 
Holly, N. Y., and later to Buchanan, Mich., where he died in 

After the death of Daniel Adams, in 1851, the Imsiness was 
carried on by John Holmes (with some other pailnei-s) until his 
death in 1874. In the mean time the old factory and machine 
shop had disappeared (burned), and the new brick cotton mill wa^ 
built in 1886, on the same water power, but on the other side of 
the road. Jolui Holmes also carried on the mamifacture of 
woollen goods for some yeai-s, in the mill below the cotton mill. 



128 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

At his death he w«as succeeded by his son, John C. Holmes, wit 
other partners, under the style of John C. Holmes & Co. 

Samuel Holmes lived about two years in the house direct! 
opposite the tavern on the north side of the square, and then i 
1824 purchased of Samuel Stickney the twonstory brick house an 
lot formerly owned by Isaac Fisher, on the second bend abo^ 
the factory, opposite the house of Don Lowell (G. W. Porti 
place), and this house (Daniel Rice place) was purchased by Dani< 
Adams. Enos Holmes lived for some years in a new one-stoi 
house, built upon the same lot of land, and John Holmes built 
new house (now owned by Harry B. Holmes) on the opposite sii 
of the road. 

After the death of John C. Holmes in 1884, the cotton man 
facturing business was managed by A. M. Alllie, acting as agei 
for the heirs of Artenias L. Holmes, who had an interest in tl 
business, until March 8, 1886, when their interest was bought I 
Wilson S. Lovell, and the business was continued by Henry ] 
Holmes and Wilson S. Lovell, under the firm name of John i 
Holmes & Co. In September, 1892, a stock company was forme 
under the corpomte name of the John C. Holmes Company, wii 
an authorized capital of *50,000. 

THE PARKS & WOOLSOX MACHINE COMPANY. 

Of the various manufacturing establishments in Springfiel 
the oldest and one of the most sucicessful is what is now calL 
the Parks & Woolson Machine Company. It wiis commenced 
1829 by John Davidson and Frederick Parks for the manufactu 
of shearing and other cloth-finishing machinery, and the busine 
was carried on bv them seventeen veai*s, under the firm name 
Davidson & Parks. 

In 1846 Amasa Woolson Wius admitted as a partner, and tl 
firm was then Davidson, Parks cS: Woolson for three veai-s, lui 
the death of Mr. Davidson in March, 1850, when it l)ecame Par 
& Woolson, and so continued for twenly-four vears, until 187 
wlien it was changed to a stock com[)any under it« present nam 
Its oflicei'S were, A. Woolson, [uesident ; Adna Brown, gener 
superintendent ; C. E. Richardson, secretaiy and treasurer. 



OF 8PRINGFIELD, VT. 129 

During the first seventeen years, until 1846, Mr. Davidson was 
the principal business manager and inventor, Mr. Parks skilfully- 
superintending the manufacture of the machines. Mr. Davidson 
had resided in Acworth, N. H., for many years, engaged in 
cabinet and other mechanical business, and while there he in- 
vented and was granted a patent on a rotary chum, which had a 
large sale. But his principal invention was his '" vibrating shear- 
ing machine," with two sti-aight blades, one vibrating and the other 
stationary. This machine had a capacity for shearing to a finish 
about forty yards per day, and wa*s ahead of any other then in 
use. 

But not having water power in Acworth, lie came to Spring- 
field in 1829, and very soon made a radical change from a vibrat- 
iiig to a revolving blade on his shearing macliines, using fii>>t six, 
then twelve, then eighteen, and finally twenty-two cutters in 
these revolving blades, which increased tlieir capacity for shearing 
(to a finish) to about twelve hundred yards per day. At that 
time this was the best and fastest shearing machine known, 
consequently it soon came into general use by the principal 
woollen manufacturers. He was granted a i)atent on it in 1836 
^^RHed by Andrew Jackson, President, and was awarded a gold 
"^^dal with the highest premium on its exliibition at the Me^ 
Panics Fair in Boston in 1839. 

Mr. Woolson, for twenty-one yeare previous to his becoming a 
Partner (from the age of fourteen to thirty-five), had been engaged 
^^ manufacturing and finishing woollen clotlis, and in inventing 
^^^d making machinery. This long pi-actical experience in using 
^'loth-iinishing machinery had suggested to him many needed 
^^provements, and prepared him to give a progressive impetus to 
ihe already well-established business. 

Hls first improvement was in the manner of saving the lists on 
^he cloth while shearing. This was a ver}^ important improve- 
ment, and soon led to other and more valuable inventions, and 
finally he perfected his unrivalled '* thirty-edged perpetual shearing 
machine, with self-operating list guards," which is capable of 
shearing (to a finish) from three to four thousand yards per day, 
or more than twice as much as the Davidson machine or any other 



130 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

shear in the world, and does the work in a better manner an( 
with less cost to operate it. 

For these machines, and for many improvements on othe:^^ 
machinery, Mr. Woolson has taken out eight different patents— 
and been awarded seven premiums of gold, silver, and brons 
medals, at fail's in Boston, New York, and at the World's Fair 
Philadelphia. 

By reason of these and other inventions by himself and Mrr — 
Brown, and by the vigilant personal oversight of the business b^5l 
the proprietoi's, the annual amount of sales has largely increasec 
and is now from five to ten times more than it was previous 
1847. 

The company h«as, during these fifty-nine years since its estal 
lishment, given constant employment to a good number of skilled 
workmen, to whose faithfulness in producing perfect w^ork mucl 
of the permanent prosperity of the concern is due. The proprie 
tors have ever made it a point to retain such men as proved thei 
selves to be of good habits, faithful, and competent, and pay thei 
satisfactory wages. 

The names of many sucli have long been identified with the coi 
cern. Messi-s. Messer, Slack, Brown, Loveland, Cutler, Wyniann^ 
and othei's are among those who have l>een in the company's semcr^ 
the longest, some of them over foity yeai-s. By this means tl»^ * 
company lias had a permanent and desirable set of men with '*n_-^ 
strikes," who, with the proprietoi-s, have contributed lai^ely t ^ 
the material, moml, religious, and educational prosperity of tb^^ 
town. Mr. Woolson retired from active business in the comimn^^'' 
in 1879, on account of failing health, caused by too long and clo»^ 
application in making and patenting improvements to secure busi- 
n(iss to the company. 

Mr. Brown and Mr. Richardson are now the managers ; and Mr. 
Brown's long experience as superintendent, coupled with his great 
energy and inventive genius, and Mr. Richardson's efficient man- 
agement of ofiice work, together wdth the protection of the Wool- 
son and Brown patents, still insure the prosperity of the business. 

Mr. Brown developed a talent for making improvements, and 
from time to time brought out minor changes in the machines, as 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 131 

well as some that were important and valuable, having taken out 
Nome eight patents. Through his efforts the business lias been 
largely increased by inventing and adding new machines. In 
18 T 9 Messrs. Brown, Richardson, and Bates bought Mr. Woolson's 
iiiti^i-est in the company, and since that date the business has been 
nii^iiaged by Brown and Richardson ; Mr. Brown acting as presi- 
de^i^t and general manager, and Mr. Richardson as treasurer. 

John A. Slack has worked for the company forty-eight years. 
K^ is a man of integrity of character, a valuable citizen, and has 
^l ^v-ays been noted for hi» superior workmanship. Although he 
hs^.^^ added five years to his threescore and ten, it will trouble the 
'^*^.V8 to get ahead of him on fine work. 

James P. Way, Mr. Slack's son-in-law, has l)een with the com- 
P*^ iiy thirty years, and is among the best as a fine mechanic. 

John D. Cutler, who has charge of the woodwork, has worked 
^•^^^ the firm about the same time. 

H. F. Wyman, who has always been on blade work, has also 
«n with the company about thirty years. 

Maxim Lafountaine, the superintendent, has fine mechanical 
^ility, and has been with the company many yeai-s. 

HAME BUSINESS. 

Asahel Buit began making hames in his blacksmith shop in 
^^^ardscrabble about 1834, and afterward his son, Henry C. Burr, 
^Vas in company with him, the firm being Asahel & H. C. Burr, 
•'oseph Smith also made hames on the hill, above the present 
f oundrj^ alx)ut this time, and Isaac Briggs Smith also worked with 
him. H. C. Burr and I. B. Smith formed a partnerehip under the 
Tiame of Smith & Burr, for the manufacture of hames, they hav- 
ing invented an improved kind and received a patent. Later 
David M. Smith went into the company, which was then Smith, 
BiuT & Co. In 1872 the Vermont Hame Company was organized, 
and carried on business about three yeai-s in the shop near the 
lower bridge. 

With the breaking up of this company the manufacture of 
hames ceased in this town. Henry C. I^urr received a patent for 
an improvement on the origin«al, which he sold to parties in An- 
dover, N. H. 



132 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

GIL>L/VN & SON. 

The business of Gilman & Son, machinists, was established b; 
Mr. F. B. Gilman in 1854, on the spot where their shop nov 
stands, he having bought the premises of Ii*a and Isaac G. Davis 
Mr. Gilman had worked for Davidson & Parks and other machin 
ists, and in 1855 he began building lathes of the Blanchard paten 
for turning shoe liusts. He carried on the business alone unti 
1861, when F. V. A. Townsliend l^ecame a partner, and the fin 
was Gilman & Townsliend, which continued until April, 1895 
when Mr. Townshend retired from tlie business, and W. F. Gilma 
was admitted to the firm, the name being Gilman & Son. 

In 1869 a large and commodious building with modem in 
provements was erected upon the siti? of the old shop. Mr. Gi 
man has made many improvements in the machines, and h? 
designed several different styles of lathes which are patentee 
They now manufacture the improved revei*se last lathes, hat-blocl 
boot-tree, and other lathes for turning irregular forais. Hundred 
of these lathes are now used in various parts of the United Stat< 
and in England, France, and Germany, and they are believed t 
be the leading machines in use for this work. Sixteen men ai 
employed, and they have not been comi)elled to reduce the nun 
l>er or shorten the time of labor for want of ordei's. 

THE VERMONT NOVELTV WORKS COMPANY. 

In 1856 Joel A. H. Ellis formed a partnei-ship with D. i 
Smith, Hamlin Whitmore, H. H. Mason, and Albei-t Brown 1 
engage in the manufacture of a patent farm basket in the brie 
shop then standing just above the lower Inidge (the Willian 
factory). Tlie enterprise not proving successful, the manufactm 
of l)askets was abandoned to give place to that of children's cab 
invented by Mr. Ellis. The cost of manufacturing these cabs wr 
more than was estimated, and like most new things they sol 
slowly, and the partners of Mr. Ellis wished to go out of the bus 
ness. About this time ]Mr. Ellis made and sold the fii-st toy carl 
ever offered in the markets, and these were followed by the to 
doll carriage, which met with a ready sale from the first. M: 
Ellis in 1858 foi-med a company with R. G. Britton and Ellis Ai 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 133 

Eaton as partners, for the manufacture of these articles under the 
firm name of Ellis, Britton & Eaton, and hired the shop, machin- 
erir, and tools of the old finn. At this time the capital of the 
company did not exceed one thousand dollai"s, but in less than a 
yesvT they bought the tools, stock, and machineiy and leased the 
shop for five years, with the privilege of putting in additional 
wa.t;er wlieels and adding more buildings. Before the end of the 
five years the business had completely outgrown the workshops 
aixd the additions made, and in 1863 the company bought the peg 
shop property of George Kimball, and the water privilege below 
the falls of David Brown, and built extensive shops on the flat 
^>elow the woollen mill. 

From this time until 1869 the business grew rapidly, and many 
^^w articles were added to the line of goods, among them violin 
an<l guitar cases, said to be the fii-st ever made for sale in the 
*^'^ited States. There were about one hundred and twenty-five 
hau(l^ employed, and the business amounted to over $100,000 per 
y^ar. During this time the company paid to the United States 
government t^xes on goods sold to the amount of $22,500. 

Ill the great flood of 1869 the factory, machinery, and stock 
^'^re all swept away, with a loss of $40,000. Tlie shops were re- 
^^^Jlt the following year, and a stock company formed with the 
^^atue of Vermont Novelty Works Company. William A. A. 
"^yer of Boston was made president; Albert Brown, secretaiy- ; 
^^d J. A. H. Ellis, treasurer. These shops were burned in 1878, 
^^^tiiiling another heavy loss upon the company, but they were 
^g^in rebuilt, the capital stock being largely reduced. Mr. Brit^ 
^n retired from the firm in 1887. The present buildings are six 
1^ number. The oflScers of the corporation are A. M. Allbe, 
president; N. W. Andrews, secretary; Ellis M. Eaton, superin- 
tendent and treasurer. 

THE HENRY PARKER COMPANV. 

The Henry Parker Company is located at Gould's Mills, three 
miles south of Springfield Village on Black River. Tliis site was 
formerly known as Morris's Mills, and a sawmill wns built here 
veiy early in the liistory of the town, probably about 1774. At 



184 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

present there are some twelve dwellings, a schoolhouse, sawmilU 
gristmill, and bobbin and spool factory. The bobbin business 
was established in 1864 by Henry Parker and Alphonso fr- 
Washburn, and in 1882 was purchased by P. W. & S. B. Gould-, 
formerly of Connecticut. The senior member of the firm was a.^ 
that time a resident of Pittsfield, Mass., but came to Springfield 
in 1883, and has since managed the business. All kinds oi 
l)obbins and spools are manufactured, but a specialty, calle 
Wait's patent cross-gmin quill, is the chief article produced. Th 
improvement claimed for this quill, over all othere, is that a riii 
of white oak is inserted and cemented in a groove at the ends o 
the bobbin, thereby making a sure protection against splittings - 
AlK)ut twenty-iive hands have Ijeen employed. 

Justin T. Robinson is largely engaged in lumber business a '^ 
Gould's Mills. He has a sawmill and machinery for the man 
facture of chair stock, employing some ten hands in the business. 

coim & derby's mill. 

In 1774 a sawmill was built on the site of this mill bv Williai 
Lockwood, the first man to build at the falls. The propert;^* 
passed through seveml hands, and in 1795 was purchased b^^ 
Lester Fling, who probably built the first gristmill on this site, ii:::^^ 
company with Samuel M. Lewis and David Seymour. In 171^^^ 
the property came into the hands of David Houghton, who solc:^ 
it to Lewis &: Seymour, and thev sold to John White. In IBOL-^ 
Isaac Fisher purchased the property, and in 1813 sold to Pete:^ 
White, reserving the right to the upper pait of the building-^ 
which had been leased to Isaac Fisher, Jr., for carrying on caixi — 
ing and cloth-dressing business. Mr. White sold the mill tr^ 
Daniel Gushing, and he to Henry Sjiflford in 1857. The freshet 
of 1809 carried away the mill, and the site passed into possession 
of Charles Holt and (iranville A. Leland, who built a new mill. 
Samuel E. and John K. Go wing bought the property in 1876, and 
the mill was burned in January, 1882. In the spring of the 
same year, William H. Cobb and Gran\dlle S. Derby bought the 
site and erected the present substantial and well-equipped mill. 
They deal in all kinds of grain and feed, doing a large business 
in this line. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 135 

W. H. H. SLACK & BRO., MANUFACrTUllERS OF SHODDY. 

"ITiis business was started in the shop now occupied by the firm 
ill 1871 by W. H. H. Slack and F. G. Ellison, under the firm 
name of Slack & Ellison. Mr. Ellison sold his interest in 1875, 
Mr. Slack continuing alone until 1889, save in 1883 and 1884 
when C. D. Brink was in company with him. In 1889 his 
brother, John T. Slack, l^ecame a partner, and the firm is now 
^y. H. H. Shuik & Bro. In 1887 Mr. Slack made a large addi- 
tion to his mill to meet the demands of the business, and in 1894 
anotlier jiddition was built, completing one of the l)est mills for 
"*e iiianufactui'e of shoddy in the country. They employ alx)ut 
twenty-five hands. The business has continued good through all 
the depression of 1893 and 1894, and much of the time they have 
^^n obliged to run nights to keep up with their orders. 

boynton's mill. 

I^iirant J. Boynton owns the sawmill and water power at North 

^PHiigrteld, and deals largely in lumber. His mill was built in 

"' O, on the site of the old mill wliich was carried away by the 

iitisliet of 1869. Shingles and laths are manuf«actured at this 
n^ill. 

SPRINGFIELD >LV11BLE WORKS. 

This biLsiness was l^egun in 1841 by A. H. Grinnell, who came 

^^ni Dorset, and was an inventor. The process of causing 

^^rble slal)s to polish each other by giving one of them an 

^cillating motion, with sand and water l)etween, wiis his inven- 

^on. In 1849 Hiram Houghton and Smith K. Randall took the 

ousiness. In 1852 Houghton sold to Frank Barney. Randall & 

Barney ran it a year and sold it to Allen Sherwin, and he was 

succeeded by Henry Harlow and (xeorge II. Stowell. In 1801 

the business was bought by Franklin Barney, who continues it, 

and is the only shop in this vicinity which uses Grinneirs process 

of polishing by power. 

BI^CK RIVEIl WOOLLEN MILL. 

This business was established in 1836 in the mill built by Don 



136 HISTORY OP THE TOWN 

Lovell by the Village Falls Manufacturing Company, which faileci 
in 1837, and the business at the mill was suspended for som^^ 
years. In 1854 business was resumed by Hamlin Whitmoi'e= - 
John Holmes, George Kimball, B. F. Dana, and Albert BrowiL 
The mill was burned after a few years. In 1871, the mil 
having been rebuilt, Collins, Dillon & Co. started up, makin 
union cassimeres. In 1874 Albert Brown bought Mr. Collins' 
interest, and the firm l)eeame Whitmore, Dillon & Co. Ir" 
1877, bv the retirement of Mr. Brown, the firm became Whitmo 
& Dillon. In 1884 Mr. William Dillon Jissumed the busine 
making it very successful, until his death. It gave employmen 
to seventy-five hands, and turned out twenty-three thousand ya 
a month. After Mr. Dillon's death, J. H. Kimball & Co. ra 
the mill for a while, at a loss, and then retired. The mill i 
now idle (1894). 

INSUUANCE. 

The insurance business of this town is represented by tw 
agencies, Lawrence & Wheeler, and L. B. Hurd, and both do 
general insurance business in fire, life, and accident, representin 
the leading American and European companies. 

Lawrence & Wlieeler began insui-ance in 1880, when they sue 
ceeded to the business that had \yeen started by C. C. Boynton 
and sold by liim to Arthur E. Bos worth. Mr. Lawrence is th 
manager, and gives his personal attention to the business. Thisft 
firm also deals quite largely in coal. 

L. B. Hurd was for a time in insurance business at Bellow* 
Falls, but returned to Springfield in 1890, and carried on the 
business in connection with the harness shop. 

blacks:mtths. 

Asahel Draper, who had a shop in Eureka, and afterwards on 
the Common, Lieut. Isaac Parker on Parker Hill, and Bartlett 
Damon in Scrabble are the fii-st blacksmiths of whom we have 
any record. 

In 1821 Capt. George Kimball with Capt. Hawkins ran a shop 
on Clinton Street not far from the bridge. About 1823 Mr. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 137 

Kimball built the shop, so long known as the Kimball shop, just 
above the present Jones & Lamson machine shop, where he did a 
large business for many years, and also with his brother, Brooks 
Kimball, built many hoi-se rakes. He was succeeded by his son 
George, who continued the business until 1890. 

Joshua Davis had a shop for many years on the spot where 
R. T. Johnson's house stands, and later just above the Messer 
homestead, pai*t way up Seminary Hill. 

R. T. Johnson establislied a shop on the present stand al)out 
1850, and continued the business, with the exception of alK)ut 
a year in 1874 or 1875, when it was carried on by Fred Johnson, 
Michael O'Brien, and one Collins, up to 1893. Mr. Johnson did a 
very large business, and maintained a first-class reputation for work, 
employing the best workmen known in the tmde, Mr. Johnson 
himself teing regarded as having few, if any, equals in horse- 
shoeing. At the last-named date he sold out to Russell S. 
Herrick, who continues the business. 

Reynolds occupies the shop near Graham's carriage shop 
formerly used by George Gallup. 

LIVEIIV. 

F. G. Ellison in 1894 bought of John Hart the livery formerly 
owned by Hart & Dodge, and the fomier reputation of this stable 
is fully maintained. 

lili P. B. Pulsipher has carried on liverj^ business since 1882, 
and occupies a stable back of the Hotel Block, where he furnishes 
first-class service. 

I»HOTO(JKAPHy. 

G. B. PeiTin has a gallery in well-fitted apartments in Wool- 
son's Block, having taken the business of W. J. Cady in 1888. 
Mr. Perrin is a native of Lowell, Mtiss. It is probable that 
James D. Powers was the first photographer to locate in this 
town. This was in the early fifties, and for many years he was a 
well known artist in this and neigliboring towns. He was fol- 
lowed by Lewis E. Jackman, who for many yeai-s had a saloon 
between the town clerk's office and the Pingry Block. Other 
artists have located in town, but none remained very long. 



138 HrSTOIlY OF THE TOWN 

BARBEll SHOPS. 

The fii'st barber's shop in town wa.s opened by one Moore, a 
fugitive slave, about 1860, in an addition to the hotel, which was 
made by closing up horse-sheds under the dancing hall, and fitting 
up rooms for business purposes. Moore continued the businest 
quite a number of years, and accumulated some property. The 
business was continued by John H. Stiles and others. 

J. Wood Hastings located in town in 1867, and now has rooms 
in the Chase Block, well fitted witli all modern appliances. Mr 
Hastings is a veteran of the late war, having served in the 16th 
New Hampshire Regiment. He was also commissioned as captair 
in the 75th United States Colored Infantry. 

A. W. Lafountaine has finely appointed rooms in Hotel Block, 
opening from the office of the Acbiabrown. 

Fred Dashner has his shop in the Pingry Block, opposite the 
hotel, in convenient rooms which are easily accessible. 

BRICKMAKING. 

This business was carried on in several places in this town ii 
the early yeai*s of its history, and in later years there wa^s a yart 
on the land of Lincoln J. Ellis up the Brook Road. The busines: 
was principally carried on from the fii-st by members of the Har 
low family. In the summer of 1894 William A. -Lewis opened ( 
bed of clay on his land on Mansion Hill, northerly from the Cora 
mon, and made several hundred thousand of excellent quality 
which were used in building the new schoolhouse and the Spaf 
ford Library building. M. O. Harlow had charge of the making 

William A. Lewis has for many years been identified with th( 
business of Springfield. In company w4th Dexter B. Lockwoo( 
he managed the freight business for a term of yeai-s until thej 
sold to Wm. II. Loveland in 1893. He wiis for some years con 
nected with the manufacture of the Diamond churn and improve 
ments, also dealing in lumber extensively. He is now the largesi 
dealer in coal, having been engaged in the business for manj 
years, during which time it has grown from the sale of a few torn 
to that of thousands. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 139 

INVENTIONS. 

The remarkable development, from an early day, of the manu- 
facturing industries of Springfield has fostered a spirit of inquiry 
and invention. The sharp competition of the business world has 
excited a wish to originate new things, and to make old things in 
a new way. The great variety of articles, old and new, made 
here at various times, is certainly remarkable. This diversity of 
manufactures has been both a cause and a result of the activity of 
the inventive genius of her people, which is almost without a 
parallel in a place of its size. 

Improvements in machineiy for finishing cloth were among the 
firet of which we have a record, and John Davidson wjis the 
pioneer in that line of work. As early as 1828 he invented the 
vibrating shearing machine with a capacity of shearing to a finish 
forty yards a day, which was much in advance of any machine 
then in use. He soon introduced revolving blades, using at fii"st 
six and increasing to twenty-two cutters, with a capacity of twelve 
hundred yards a day. 

Amasa Woolson, who was a partner with Mr. Davidson, made 
valuable inventions in shearing machines. His first wjis in the 
manner of saving the lists on cloth. His thii-ty-edged perpetual 
shearing machine, with self operating list guards, is capable of 
shearing to a finish four thousand yards a day, more than twice as 
much as any other machine in the world. He was awarded 
eight patents. 

Adna Brown has taken out some twelve patents. His fii-st 
invention was a wire device for holding a boiled egg when taking 
off the shell. This he sold to the Shenvood Bros, of Lowell, 
Alass., manufacturers of wire goods. He next invented a tricycle 
for lx)ys, then a flock protector for shearing machines, a cloth 
measuring machine, a machine for folding cloth, a cylinder for 
steaming woollen goods, a worsted polishing machine, a brushing 
machine, a combination napper and gig. The latter was patented 
in 1893 and is perhaps the most valuable of his inventions. 

The inventions by these three men, of improvements in cloth 
finishing machinery, have not only been far in advance of those 




140 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

of all other inveutoi-s all over the world, but have enabled the 

to take the lead, and hold the markets for the machines the^^ 

made. 

The wealth they gained from the business they built up ha — =i- 
been so used that the people of Springfield have enduring cans 
to rejoice in their success. 

Frederic A. Porter was the inventor of automatic card m 
chines, which punched the holes in the leather l^elt, took the \vi 
from the reel, cut it off, l>ent it into shape, inserted it and ben 
the knee. At the slightest imperfection the machine would stoj 
and wait for the attendant to remove the trouble. 

David M. Smith was a prolific inventor. One of his first was- 
an awl haft, which is still in use. 

In 1849 he invented a combination lock, which Hobl>s, the grear 
lock ex[)ert, said was the only one that could not be picked 
also a combination keylock. Then he invented the fii'st iroi: : 
lathe dog ever used, and which is still in common use. Th 
spring clothespin in common use wa^s his invention. 

His blanket hook and eye was much used in the army. H 
invented a corn planter, a screw head and driver, a broom holder 
a lifting spring for match-boxes, an <adding machine, a breech- 
loading firearm, a joint for carpentei-s' rules, and many othere. 

Manv of his inventions he manufactured for sale, and not th 
least important were the machines he invented for manufacturin 
the patented articles, thus creating new industries which gav 
employment to many hands, and brought wealth to those engage 
in the enterprises inaugui-ated by his genius, and prosperity to th 
business interests of the town. 

James Ilartness is an inventor of distinguished ability. Fo 
thirty of his inventions he has been granted letters patent. Many 
of them have proved valuable, and some of them of veiy great;:- 
value. 

Among the most important are those on dies for splitting hot- 
rods of iron, on tiicycles, locks, carpenter' planes, sensitive drills, 
and turret machines for shop use. 

The automatic check, roller-feed, flat-turret lathe (called the 
screw machine) is a great advance over anything previous in that 




OF SPRFNGFIELD, VT. 141 

line, in its capacity for work never accomplished before, and in its 
perfect, rapid, and economical execution. It is a fortune in the 
hands of the inventor and builders. 

Miles Smith of the Vermont Snath Company invented improve- 
ments in scythe snaths which were patented in the United States 
and in Canada. 

In 1848 Joel A. H. Ellis invented a steam excavator for use 
in the building of railroads, and in 1856 he patented a farm 
basket, made of splints, now in common use. About this time he 
also patented a child's cab or carriage, of wliich he sold large 
numbei's. He made the fii-st toy carts, and the fii"st guitar and 
violin cases offered in the markets. These were followed by doll 
carriages and jointed dolls. In 1870 he patented the principle of 
utilizing exhaust steam applied to bisulphite of carbon, for 
motive power. 

ilr. Ellis received patents for some thirteen different inventions, 
and he made others which should have been patented. 

Luke W. Taylor was an inventor of rare ability. He patented 
the Taylor mop and other articles, and perfected machines for 
other inventoi-s in many cases. 

Jonathan Woodbuiy invented the sweep horse power used ex- 
tensively at the West. 

L. T. Guernsey, who published the Springfield Telegraphy in- 
vented an improvement in printing presses. 

Moses H. Grinnell invented a process of polishing marble and 
other articles. 

Dr. Eleazer Crain invented an abdominal supporter, which was 
manufactured here, giving employment to a good number of per- 
sons. 

A. J. Fullam invented improved stencil dies Jind machineiy for 
making the same in which he did a large business. He also in- 
vented a machine for shearing sheep which has since been devel- 
oped into a horse clipper. 

B. B. Choate invented a mop wringer. 

Charles C. Johnson has taken out quite a number of patents, 
and has invented many useful articles and some machines of intri- 
cate construction. 







142 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

G. A. Watkins, who at one time manufactured abdominal su 
porters for Dr. Eleazer Grain, invented a process of weaving cai 
in webs for chair work, and this was afterwards largely used 
chair tthops. 

Capt. Alvin C. Mason invented many machines and impfo^ 
ments in machinery used by Smith, Mason & Co. in the manufi 
ture of their goods. 

Asahel Burr, Joseph Smith, and Isaac B. Smith made inventio 
of improvements in hames. Henrj^ C. Burr made improvemei 
which were patented. 

Rev. Pinckney Frost invented an improvement in scythe snat 
of great value. 

Noah Safford invented hay and straw cutters, which w€ 
patented. 

Jesse Warren invented the '* Warren plow," which he mar 
factured at the foundry now owned by the Vermont Snath Co 
pany, which he operated several years. 

Herbert M. Warren, son of Jesse, invented Wairen's improv 
gravel roofing, which made fortunes for the family and the 
engaged in the manufacture. 

F. B. Gilman invented several improvements in lathes, 1 
turning hists, hat-blocks, and other irregular forms, in wood. 

MERCHANTS. 

The first store in Spiingfield is said to have l)een kejlt'by Jes 
Sandei-son, at the ferry, in 1788. His business consisted main 
of the sale of liquor. In 1790 Ashbel Wells kept store 
Newell's store, on the corner, in Eureka, and a little later it w 
kept by Jose[)h Selden. It was on the main road of travel frc 
Northern Vermont to Boston, in a pait of the town at that tii 
thickly settled, and there was a large amount of business, 
tavern, a courtroom, and a jail were in the same building, whi 
was in the centre of activity of the town. Here subscriptio 
and taxes for building the new meeting-house on the Comm< 
were payable in beef and gmin. 

In 1800 Michael Lincoln opened a store in the Goodrich hou 
at the northwest corner of the cemetery on the Common. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 143 

1803 he moved to Seminary Hill, and also ran a potash and 

diistillery. In 1796 Joseph Selden also moved to the Common. 

lix 1803 Goodwin & Lynde had a store on the Common. Daniel 

Lockwood had a store on Ginnery Hill in 1804. J. F. and 

t>a.niel Brooks built, on the site of the present Woolson Block, 

^v-hat was for many yeai*8 called the Brooks store, since removed 

iil> t-he Brook Road by M. W. Newton. Here they kept store 

tvv'o years, when Daniel Brooks bought out his brother's interest, 

ai^d continued the business ten yeai-s. 

W. H. Wheeler's store is an ancient landmark of trade. Here, 

i»i 1 806, Whipple & Lynde kept store for three yeai*s, followed by 

Jii.rr^es Whipple for two yeai-s, when Brown & Potwine took the 

^^J^tiiness until 1815, and then James P. Brown ran it alone up to 

1 8 3^ 8. Jonathan Chase began trade in the Chase Block, now 

< 1^ 8 Q4) undergoing extensive repaii-s, in 1815. He continued in 

Ijixiiiness with John Perkins from 1823 to 1825, with B. F. Dana 

^^"^^xxi 1838 to 1840, and at other times alone up to about 1850. 

^^ T1819 Russell Burke began trade where Leland's Block now 

^ti^x^ds, later with A. L. Thompson as a partner, and after that 

^^i^l Udney Burke until about 1852. 

^^lay & Wales were in business in the Dr. Gmnville Knight 

^^^Xise from 1816 to 1828. Herbert Pratt had a store in 1820, 

^^^t:l Emerson & Brooks in 1825. Perkins & Duncan traded in 

^^lieeler's Block from 1825 to 1833, and John Perkins up to 

^^45. Eleazer May had a store in 1829. Morris & Whitmore 

^^^^ded in the Brooks's store from 1832 to 1835, followed by H. 

^V^hitmore, who, in 1837, was succeeded by Whitmore & Clark, 

^nd in 1838 by E. P. Whitmore. 

Thos. H. Smiley & Co. were in business on the present site of 

Deal's restaurant in 1834. Solomon Clement was in trade in 

Dillon's Block at the head of Main Street in 1836. In 1840 

\ Porter & Dana traded in tlie Brooks store, followed by Thompson 

r & Dana, who were succeeded by B. F. Dana, and later, in 1855, 

i by C. K. Labaree, who at first had B. T. Lombard as a partner, 

and later, until 1867, Horace W. Thompson. In 1871 he sold 

out to Carpenter & Green, followed by H. W. Green alone, who 

sold out to Henry Fletcher, and he to Ranney & Perkins, who 

now continue the business (1894). 



144 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Seidell Cook, who had a shoe store, formed a partnership with _ 
Geo. W. Porter, and did a geneml business, on the site of the ■=: 
Fairbanks Block. Later Mr. Porter continued the business alone, ..^ 
and Cook & Boynton had a store in the south end of the same 
building. Afterwards Mr. Cook was in trade in the Tontine— 
now Commonwecalth Block, and later moved into the addition t< 
the Chase Block and resumed the shoe business. 

Fay & Forbush followed R. & U. Burke in tirade on the site ol 
the Leland Block in 1852. After a 3^ear Fay retired and R. 
Forbush came in. In 1863 they sold out to Walker & Howe 
About 1867 Cobb, Dartt & Co. opened a general store in Brown'e 
Block. Mr. Dartt's interest ^vas bought by Geo. P. Haywooc 
and the business removed to the Randel Block, now Leland'j 
Block, then just completed. Granville S. Derby purchased Mi 
Haywood's interest. In 1882 Cobb & Derby sold out to C. 
Leland & Son who continue the business. E. C. Burke was ii 
trade some five years in the Chase Block, and when Woolson'at 
Block was built, Burke, Brown & Tenny engaged in a genei^a— ^ 
trade, in the store now occupied by Dodge & Merrill. A. L. ffi^ 
II. L. Robinson were in the grocery ti*ade in the Tontine in 1868^^ 
and later the same business Avas canied on by Doubleday & Hoi 
man, and is now continued by A. H. Holman. 

CM. Keyes has been engaged in the clothing and millinery 
business since 1854 ; a part of the time in company with G — 
L. Closson, in Woolson's Block, and since then alone in th^S 
Tontine. 

M. W, Newton lx)ught the Brooks store, moved it up on tcrr^ 
Valley Street, and set it over the brook. There he carried on th( 
grocery and grain tiude foj- many years. Later he moved t( 
Dillon's Block, and continued until 1888, when he sold out tc^ 
L. R. Barney who carried on the grocery business there for twc^ 
yeai-s. 

In 1849 Charles Sabin opened the fii-st di-ug store in town in. 
Wheeler s Block. After four yeai-s he sold out to Poller & Crain. 
Crain sold out liis interest to William H. Wlieeler, Avho for some 
yeai-s carried on the business with F. W. Pointer. Since then he 
has alone conducted a large business in drugs, paints, and 
jewelry. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 146 

About 1872 Boynton & Warren stai-ted a drug store in the 
Pingry Block. They sold out to Dr. E. W. Davis, who was 
succeeded by L. C. Richmond, who removed to Woolson's Block. 
He sold out to Fmnk W. Morris, wlio was followed by M. D. 
Fisher. He sold out to Dodge & Merrill who now continue the 
business. 

Doubleday & Gill opened a general grocery store in the Fairbanks 
Block in January, 1889. After about six months Mr. Doubleday 
retired, and Daniel O. Gill continued the business alone, to which 
he added a meat market. He closed out the grocery business and 
with O. E. Noyes engaged extensively in the clothing business, 
under the name of Noyes & Gill. This firm continued about 
eighteen months, when Mr. Norris retired and Frank D. Gili came 
in and the business continued under the finn of D. O. Gill *fe Son. 

June 7, 1894, a serious fire destroyed most of the stock of goods 
in the store, which was closed until their wint(*r goods were 
opened, and in December following the entire stock was sold to 
C. H. Moore. 

Mr. (lill continues the meat market, which is now managed by 
John H. Hammond under Deal's restaurant. 

MEUCHANTS IN BUSINESS 1894. 

Ranney & Perkins, who succeeded Henry Fletcher in the cor- 
ner store of Woolson's Block in 1889, deal exclusively in dry 
goods. The partnei-s, T. T. Ranney and C. D. Perkins, have both 
had long experience in the business. Mr. Ranney has sole man- 
agement of the Store. Mr. Perkins is engaged with a house in 
Springfield, Mass. 

C. A. Leland & Son, dealei-s in dry goods, groceries, boots and 
shoes, and geneml merchandise, occupy Leland's Block, having 
succeeded Cobb & Derby in 1882. They carry a very large stock. 

Sheldon & Witt are also dealei's in dry goods, groceries, boots 

and shoes, and general merchandise. Mr. Sheldon established the 

business in 1891 in company with George H. Dodge. Mr. George 

jM. Witt bought the interest of Mr. Dodge in 1892. They occupy 

a tine store, fitted with modern improvements, in Hotel Block. 

A. H. Holman, groceries, occupies the large commodious store 



146 HISTOKY OF THE TOWN 

in Commonwealth Block. O. M. Doubleday was foi-meriy 
partner, but Mr. Holman has been sole proprietor since 1882. 

Bert D. Bowen opened a grocery and grain store at west end o 
Falls bridge in 1893. 

Pond, Gridle}^ & Com[>any succeeded to the long-establishe 
hardware business of A. (). Coburn in 1893, occupying the stor^= 
in Woolson's Block. 

R. J. Kenney has, for twelve years, kept a stock of hardware inr" 
connection with his house building and luml)er business in hi?^ 
block at head of Main Street. 

W. H. Wheeler, dealer in drugs, medicines, jewelry, silverware -=^ 
paints, oils, glass, etc., has been longest in trade of any of \\v^m 
merchants now doing business in town (1893), having locatecrn 
here in 1852. He is a ])ractical [)harmacist of over forty years-^ 
ex[)erience. The Western Union Telegmph Office has long beer J 
in this store. Mr. Joseph Clissold has charge of the watch ancn::: 
jewelry department. Mr. Wheeler is a native of Fitzwilliai 
N. II. He hiis been town treasurer since 1874, and has won t4 
himself in a very large degree the confidence and esteem of hij 
townsmen. 

Dodge & Merrill occupy a fine store in Woolson's Block, having 
a choice stock of drugs, medicines, watches, jewelry and fanc^i 
goods. This firm succeeded M. D. Fisher & Co. in 1892 
Mr. E. E. Pai-sons has charge of the watch and jeweliy depart'- 
ment and of the optical goods. He is a graduate of Philadelphis 
Optical College. Messrs. Dodge and Merrill are registei*ed phar^— " 
macists. 

The telephone office is in this store, and connection is had with» 
Boston, New York, and Chicago. 

C. H. ^loore, proprietor of the famous ** Blue Store" in Wool- 
son's Block, has established one of the leading clothing stores in 
Windsor County, and cariies a large stock in all de[)artments- 
This stoi'c is also headquarteiN for Incycles, and the agency for 
Wheeler's steam laundry of Bellows P\alls. 

O. E. Noyes, merchant tailor and genei-al agent for sewing* 
machines, has been in business in town nearly twenty-five vears. 
He occupies rooms in Dillon's Block at head of Main Street, and 



OF SPKIN(7 FIELD, VT. 147 

employs only the best skilled makers. Mr. Noyes is a native of 
Weathei-sfield. 

C. M. Keves, dealer in fui-s and millinery, has rooms in Com- 
monwealth Block. After W. II. Wheeler, Mr. Keyes is the next 
oldest merchant now in trade, having located in town in 1854. 
Miss Ablue Goddard luis cliarge of millinery and cloak depart- 
ment. 

Miss M. A. Soper of the Boston Store in Sparrow's Block has 
l)een in the millinery business here since 1891. 

Miss Cowles has a millinery stxire in Dillon's Block at the hea<l 
of Main Street. 

The Five and Ten Cent Store, oi)posite Sparrow's Block on Main 
Street, was establishe<l by Miss Brown in 1893. 

The Springfield Furniture Company was established in 1891. 
The partnei's are Herman Dressell and Herman Dressell, Jr. 
Their rooms are in Brown's Block. Mr. Dressell, Sr., has had a 
long experience in furniture and upholstering business. They 
also carry on undertaking business. 

Charles Walker carried on the furniture and undertaking busi- 
ness in the Fairbanks Block for a time. He wjus succeeded l)y 
Atwood & Angell. They located in town in August, 1898. The 
meml>ers of the firm are J. P. Atwood and W. H. Angell. Mr. 
AtAvood is a native of Londonderry, Vt., son of Loiing Atwood, 
who for forty veal's wa.s a manufactuna* of chaii-s, most of the 
time in Rutland. Vt. Mr. Angell is fnmi Windsor, Vt., where for 
twelve years he wius with the furnituiv house of Wilder & Rice. 

John C. Hooper, who succeeded to the harness business so long 
(carried on by William Sparrow, hiis a line shop and store in II(»tel 
Block where he keeps a good stock of harnesses and horse 
clothing. 

Springfield Harness Shop, L. B. Hurd, proprietor, with a shoe- 
making department connected, is located in the new rooms in the 
Chase Block. 

Everett B. Cook deals exclusively in boots and shoes. The 

« 

business was established by his father, Selden Cook, who was long 
connected with the business of this town. Mr. Cook's store is in 
the Chivse building. 



148 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Fred G. Field is a dealer in general merchandise at Nortk"^: 
Springfield. The business was established by his father, the lat 
Abner Field, in 1831, and is probably the oldest business in toA^ 
that remains in the family of the original founder. 

Putnam and Kenrick are the proprietors of the meat marke -^ 
opposite the hotel, having succeeded in 1894 to the business s^^ 
long carried on by R. L. Lovell. Mr. Putnam was for man^^; 
years in the business while Mr. Lovell was proprietor. Mi 
Kenrick is a native of Walpole, N. H., and for five yeai-s was ei 
ployed by the Lelands. 

Levi Bouffard established a first-class bakery in town in 1881 
lie has fine rooms in Brown's Block and supplies adjoining towm=r=2 

W. H. Deal succeeded Charles Stone in the eating rooms an^i^ 
restaurant on Main Street in 1893. 

T. W. Sexton has a restaurant and eating rooms in Woolson" 
Block next door to the Ri'porter ofiice. 

E. A. Iliik'tt conducts a fish market in Corporation buildin^^ j 
near Falls 1 nidge, supplying Springfield and vicinity. 

PHYSUUAXS. 

The iii-st [)hysician in town was Dr. Samuel Cobb, who locate* --" 
on the France place in Eureka in 1781, where he pi*actised untrr 
his death in 180G. 

Dr. Simon Brown also located in Eureka about 1789 on th^* 
farm now owned by Lucius Streeter. In 1806 or 1807 he built 
house in tlie village, where C. F. Slieldon now liva^s, and moved ther^^ 

Dr. Day prac^tiscd in the north part of the town early in th» — 
century. 

Dr. Moses Col)l), son of Dr. Sanuiel, built, in 1814, the house i '^ 
which Kol)ert M. Colburn now lives, where he lived and pi-actise 
until he went to Michigan in 1845. 

Dr. Pliny Safford was here in 1844. 

Dr. Eleazer Crain came to town in 1815, and was a leading" 
physician until his death. 

Dr. Jonathan Wel)ster was in practice at the North village from 
1816 to 1846. 

Dr. Ariel Kendrick located at the N rth village in 1827, and 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 149 

piuctised there over forty years. Dr. H. F. Grain, son of Dr. 

£leazer Grain, practised here from 1831 to 1882, when he went 

to Rutland. A Dr. Hoyt was in company Avith Dj*. H. F. Grain 

from 1835 to 1840. Dr. Amasa Houghton was a botanic physician 

hei-e about 1840. 

I>r. Galvin Hubbard practised here from 1839 to 1841, lived in 
the house where the Di-s. Hazel ton now live (1894). 

Iix 1843 Dr. E. A. Knight commenced practice here, and soon 
iiji^ci a very large business, whicli continued until his death in 
1872. 

r>T. Langdon Sawyer located in town in 1844, and was a veiy 
siicroessful practitioner until his death in 1879. Dr. Ranney was 
her^ a shoil time in 1846. Dr. L. M. Tuttle practised here a few 
y^sxi^, then went to Holyote, Mass., Avhere he has an extensive 
p 1*51. entice. Dr. Mark Richards Gniin, son of Henry F., was in 
pi*s^tL-tice hei'e with his father from 1879 to 1882, when they moved 
^<^ Hutland. 

l^r. Granville Knight had a large practice here from 1867 to 
-"-^^S, when he sold out to Dr. A. A. Haig, and went to Maiden, 
^lix^ss., where he is still in practice (1894). 

I^r. D. W. Hazel ton came here from Gavendish in 1879. His 
*^^^^, Dr. W. F. Hazelton, located here in 1886, and together they 
^^^^"vv do a large business. 

X)r. George Worcester came in 1884. In 1887 he sold his 

1^^^'^^^.ctice to his brother. Dr. F. D. Worcester, who is still in pmc- 

^*-« here (1894). Dr. George Worcester went to Newburyport, 

^^^ss. Dr. A. A. Haig bought the practice and house of Dr. 

^^i^nville Knight in 1888, and is now in practice here. 

Dr. Micajah Martin settled at North Springfield in 1851, and is 
^till in practice. He has a son in pi-actice with him. 

Dr. A. E. Willis practised in Springfield from 1873 to 1875. 

DENTISTS. 

It is but a few yeai-s since the only practitionei^j of tlie dental 
art were the " country doctoi*s,'' wlio limited their opei-ations to 
the " pulling " of teeth with tlie old-fasliioned turnkey witli a 
vengeance. Dr. Amasa Houghton had a dental office here from 
1835 t^ 1840. 



I) 



160 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Dr. George Bowei-s located here in 1862, and remained unti! 
1877, when he removed to Nashua, N. H. 

Dr. F. E. Pomeroy opened an office here in 1879 and is still ii 
business. 

Dr. Olin Stoughton has been in the business for about three yean? 

Dr. Hazeltine had an office here a few years, locating in tow: 
about 1870. 

Dr. F. C. Gill located here in 1876, and three yeai-s later wf 
succeeded by Dr. F. E. Pomeroy. 

Dr- Olin Stoughton has had an office here since 1890. 

LAWYERS. 

The legal profession has always been well represented in tl 
town and many of the lawyers became eminent here or elsewhei 

The Windsor County Court Avas organized in 1782 with Josep 
Mai-sh as presiding judge and Lewis R. Morris of Spiingtield a 
clerk. Tliey held office until 1796, when Gen. Morris succeede*^ 
Judge Mai-sh and wiis chief justice two yeai*s. Samuel W. Porte-=^ 
was county judge from 1828 to 1837. Thomas T. Barrett wj 
assistant judge from 1845 to 1849, and Joseph W. Colburn froi 
1859 to 1863. Henry Closson was judge of probate in Wim 
sor district from 1856 to 1868. 

The iii-st lawyer in town was Hon. Jonathan Hatch Hubbiucl^W 
who had an office in a pai-t of the residence of his brother Calvin^^ 
in Eureka, and ju-actised here in 1790. Later he moved to Win(L-3 
sor, and was afterwards judge of the Supreme Court. 

Daniel Ileald [)ractised here as early as 1803, and John Holtoi 
had an office eaiiy in the century on the triangle l^etween th( 
present residence of H. T. Boutelle and tliat of Grace Chipman. 

Nomlas Cobb began practice here in 181^). 

Sanuiel M. Lewis did some legal business in the early yeai-s o:t 
the centnry. 

Hon. Sanuiel W. Poiter came here after the death of John 
Holton, about 1815, and remained until his death in 1882. 

Hon. Henry Closson was in i)i-actice here from 1836 until his 
death in 1880; was States -attorney in 1840 and 1842. For about 
half a centnry these two men. Judge Porter and Judge Closson, 



OF SPKINGFIELD, VT. 151 

H'ere eminent lawyers in this town and in the county, and for 
t-ounsel were accounted to be second to none. Hon. Wm. M. 
Piiigry was in practice here a short time before he went to Per- 
kiiisviUe in 1841. 

Asa Aiken was a lawyer here and became noted as the author 
«>^ *•" Aiken's Forms," a book still in use. Charles Aiken resided 
axicl had his office in the Gen. Perkins's house, now the home of 
W. H. H. Slack, from 1839 to 1842. 

William E. Smiley was a lawyer here a short time, and Noah 
B. Safiford was a student in the office of Judge Henry Closson and 
pi"a.€3tised here for a brief time about 1845. Later he went to 
^Vindsor and was in company with Gov. Carlos Coolidge. 

Josiah W. Hubbard practised here a few months in 1849, then 
'^oxit to Boston and practised there forty- three yeai-s. 

J ohn Ward took Mr. Hubbard's place, and was here ten years, 
tli^ixi moved to Detroit, Mich., where he has had a large and 
lutii-ative business, especially in real estate transactions. He was 
St.€i,tje&-attomey in 1856-1858. Bezaleel W. Lovell had an office 
hex-« from 1848 to 1852, then went to the West. Don H- 
^V"c>odard was here for a little time, then went to Keene, N. H., 
^J^ere he has good business and standing as a lawyer. 

lion. Wheelock G. Veazey opened an office here in 1860. He 

^^^*« one of the first volunteei^ in the War of the Rebellion. He 

y^^s^ed Co. A of the Third Vermont Volunteers, and went out as 

^*^ captain ; was promoted to the colonelcy of the 16th Vermont 

^^giment, and awarded a medal of honor for distinguished gal- 

^^^try at the Imttle of Gettysburg. After the war he located at 

f^'Utland and became eminent in his ju'ofession, and as a man; was 

l^dge of the Supreme Coui-t, and afterward, and at present, a 

^^mber of the Interstate Commerce Conmiission. 

J. W. Pierce located here in 1862, and is now (1894) in active 
piuctice. John W. Kowell practised here a short time, and also 
John W. Mareh, about 1870. Mr. Mai-sh went to Detroit. W. 
R. Reardon had an office here a short time. 

Albert M. Allbe located here in 1874, and is still in practice* 
Herbert D. Ryder had an office here a few montlis ; now in pi-ac" 
tiee at Bellows Falls. Fred C. Davis opened an office here in 
1892, and is now in practice. 



152 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

NEWSPAPERS. 

The first newspaper in Springfield was the Record of tJie Tim 
published by Horatio W. Houghton, son of Amasa Houghton, 
1834. His brother, Horace Houghton, was at the time publishi 
a paper at Castleton. He printed there one side of the paper a 
sent it to Homtio, who printed the other side in Springfie 
And so these brothel's originated the system of '* patent iiisidt 
by which ten thousand papei-s are now supplied. The biLsint 
was carried on in the second story of the Brooks's store, lo 
tion of Woolson's Block. It was not a financial success, a 
Houghton's creditoi-s sold it in 1885 to Coolidge & Spragi 
After two or three veal's it was discontinued. 

The next paper was issued in 1853 by L. T. GuenLsey, call 
the Springfield Telegraph, Tliis suspended at the end of t 
yeai-s. 

In November, 1866, D. L. Milliken, who had established 1 
Record and Farmer at Bnittlelx)ro, opened a bi*anch office 
Springfield, and G. W. Foggett c^ame here to take charge of 
After about two years Milliken sold the paper at Bi-attleboro 
Ackerman Bros., and the Springfield branch and list to L. 
Mc'lndoe of the Windsor JonmaL 

The next was the Good Teiiiplant Advocate, a temperance sht 
by G. W. Faggett. 

Tlien in January, 1873, F. \V. Stiles started the Enterpr 
wliicli lived one year. In March of the same year, E. D. Wri| 
Ixigan the publication of the WeekJif Newa^ but at the end of 
months sold out to the WtKxlstoctk PohU 

In Noveml)er, 1875, O. A. Libby started the Springfi 
Bidletin, Financial disaster overtook it in eight months. 

The Vermont News was published for seven weeks in 1879. 

It wa.s not until January, 1878, that a paper came to Spri 
field to stay. F. W. Stiles then began public-ation of the Spri; 
field Reporter^ and has continually increased the circulation, ui 
it is now upon a basis of sul>stantial j)rosj)erity, and mnks faA 
ably Avith the other county papci-s. Much credit is due Mr. Sti 
for his pei-sistent efforts in establishing and sustaining this pap< 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 153 



BANKS. 



The Spiiiigfield Savings Bank was incorporated Dec. 6, 1853, 
and began business May 3, 1854, when the two first deposits 
^'ere made, one thousand dollars by l^ewis Belknap, and five 
hundred dollars by Mi*s. Electa Steele, w^ho is now living, 1894. 

The following named pei'sons Avere original membei's of the 
<^c>i*l>oration : Samuel W. Porter, (xeorge Johnson, George Wash- 
'>ui"n, James Whipple, Sr., John White, Calvin Hubbard, Samuel 
^'^liitcomb, James Lovell, Ilenrv Barnard, Hamlin Whitmore, 
A.l>ner Field, John Holmes, John Farnham, George Kimball. 
before commencing business throe othei-s were chosen: Heniy 
^ loH«on, Leonard Chase, George W. Porter. 

Tlie following officers were elected April 22, 1854 : president, 
Henrj- Barnard; vice-president, George Johnson; treiusurer, 
^^^orge W.Porter. Trustees: Heiiiy Barnard, Leonard Chase, 
^eoi-ge Wasliburn, Henry Closson, Calvin Hubbard, James 
^^"l^iipple. Sr., George Johnson, John White, John Farnham.' 

iTeniy Barnard was president ten yeai*s, to 1864, when Henry 
^lc>feison was elected, who also served ten yeai-s, and in 1874 
^leo lined a re election, and Charles A. Forbusli was cliosen, who 
fc>ei-x-ed until he was elected tretisurer in 1881. Samuel Rollins 
^^'«*-*^ then elected, and served until liis death, Feb. 13, 1892, 
^^^"ven years, when Horace H. Howe wius elected. 

^^eorge W. Porter was treasurer from the organization in 18o4 

^^^ the time of his death in 1879, twenty-five yeai-s, and the 

V^*<:*^sperity and financial standing of the bank w'lis in a large 

^^f?ree due to his business sagacity and integrity, and his careful 

^^O systematic methods. He was succeeded l)y Cliarles A. For- 

"^5sh, the present treasurer, under whose management the bank 

^*^ had a marked degree of success, and is know^n as one of the 

^^Undest financial institutions of the State. 

George C. Porter was assistant treasurer from 1879 to 1889, 
^hen he i-emoved from the State and wius succee<led by Frederick 
W. Porter, the present assistant treasurer (1894). 

Fi-om January, 1807, to July, 1876, this bank paid nineteen con- 
secutive semi-annual dividends oi four per cent ; 'Aiidi the dividends 



154 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

from its organization in 1854 to July 1888, averaged three pm 
cent semi-annually. It is believed that no savings bank in tV~ 
country can show a better record. 

The amount of de^x^sits at the end of eight months from be^^ 
ning business was, — 

January 1, 1855 . . . 119,468.10 

- * - 1860 . . . 28,659.62 

- 1870 . . . 88,752.80 

- 1880 . . . 280,948.63 

- 1890 . . . 578,175.63 

- 1894 . . . 839,430.45 

The present otticei-s of the bank are as follows: — 

President, Horace H. Howe ; vice-president, Albert M. Albee 
treasurer, Charles A. Forbush. Trustees : Horace H. Ho\r 
Albert M. Albee, Lucius Streeter, liodney G. Britton, Mil* 
Smith, Frederick W. l^orter, Charles A. Forbush, Samuel BrowJ 
Henry A. Fletcher. 

The Exchange Bank was chartered by the Legislature of tl 
State of Vermont Dec. 5, 1853, with a capital of fifty thousaii 
doUai-s, the cluirter to ex[)ire Jan. 1, 1872. The charter desij 
nated Wm. M. Pingry, N. B. Roundy, Barnabas Deane 
Weathei-sfield, Jo D. Hatch of Windsor, John Perkins, Leonai^^ 
Chase, and Cieorge Wa,shburne of Springfield, commissioners t:^^ 
receive subscrij)tions for stock for the s[)a(;e of ten days. At tlm ^ 
closing of the books it w^jus found there were more subscrilier*^ 
than shares, and tlie commissioners awarded one share to each c^i 
the tii-st one thousand su])S('rilx^rs, the sliares l^eing fifty dollar"^ 
each. 

The stock was fully paid in Sept. 1, 1854. 

Regular diviilends were paid in March and September of eacli 
year, and extra dividends July 28, 1862, of ten percent, and Aug. 
15, 18()5, of twHiuty per cent. The average annual dividend 
during the time of its existence was over twelve per cent. 

Tlie fii'st directors, elected Marcli 8, 1854, were: Joseph W. 
Colburn, John Perkins, Aaron L. Thompson, John Holmes, Syl- 
vester Burke, Samuel Alford, Jr., and Mason C. Itichardson. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 156 

At a meeting of the Board of Directors, March 25, 1854, Joseph 
W. Colbuni was elected president, and John Perkins, clerk. On 
the 15th of April, Albert Brown wa« elected cashier. 

The changes in the Board of Directors were as follows : — 

Jan. 8, 1856, Levi C. Fay of Reading was elected in place of 
John Holmes. Jan. 12, 1864, Araasa Woolson was elected in 
place of Levi C. Fay. Jan. 10, 1865, Albert Brown was elected 
in place of Amasa Woolson, Mr. Woolson having become a di- 
rector in the Fii-st National Bank. 

In the call for the annual meeting of 1865 the following 
aiticles were inserted : — 

First. ''To 8ee if the stockholders desire the prescDt corporation to be 
closed and wound up."" 

Second. '' To see if the stockholders will organize the said bank as aji 
association for banking under the law of the United States, or consolidate 
their stock with any other national bank now organized." 

The i-ecord of the annual meeting shows that there was no 
definite action tiiken on these articles. 

A call for a special meeting of the stockholders was issued Jan. 
31, 1865, as follows: — 

'* Notice is hereby given that a j*pocial meeting of the stockholders of the 
Exchange Bank will be held at their banking house on Wednesday, the first 
day of March next at one o'clock r. m., to see if the stockholders will vote to 
surrender its charter so as to close and wind up its business, to the end that 
said stockholders may subscribe for stock in the First National Bank of 
Springfield, in accordance with a proposition from said National Bank, which 
will be fully explained at said meeting." 

At this meeting the president fully explained the proposition ' 
of the Fii-st National Bank. It was shown from the stock ledger 
that there were fifty-eight shares which could not l^e voted on, and 
that five hundred and twenty-nine was the total vote tliat could 
be cast, and only two shares voted *" No."' 

The terms by which the stockholdei-s were to transfer their 
stock to the Fii-st National Bank, which then had a capital of one 
hundred thousand dollars, were, that this capital was to be in- 
creased to two hundred thousand, anil the stockholdei*s of the 
Exchange Bank had the option to take fifty thousand dollars of 
this increase at $105 per share, the par value l)eing $100. 



156 HISTOUY OF THE TOWN 

To aid them to pay for the stock in the National Bank, th 
Exchange Bank loaned to the stockholders the par value of tL^ 
stock held by each, they giving their not^s for the same. 

On May 1, 1865, the transfer was complete, and the Exchange -« 
Bank was in process of closing up its business. 

In the records of this bank under date of Jan. 29, 1866, is Um. m 
following : — 

''At a meeting of the directors of the Exchange Bank held this day, 
f uH Board being present, — 

'' Voted^ To accept of a proposition made by Albert Brown to purchase 
entin' assets and prop<*rty of said bank, and assume the payment and dm 
charge of all its lial)ilities in whatever form, with a view of making a tin. 
settlement with the stockholders on the first day of March next, to wit: — 

''Said Brown to pay the stockholders seven dollars on each share free 
gov<^rnment tax. To those stockholders who gave their notes to said bai 
to invest iu the First National Bank, interest will be charged from the twent .^b 
fifth day of April, IS65, to Jan. 1, 1866, at which time interest will cease. Su«Z!==: 
interest as th<»re mav be due will be deducted from the dividend of sev^^? 
dollars per share, when the notes will be given up on the surrender of tl 
certificates for the capital stock, now held by the stockholders. 

" To those stockhohlers who did not give their notes thus, interest will 
paid ])y the said Brown from and after January 1, until March 1, or su- 
stockholders can have their money for their stock at any time before Mar« 
1, or receive it in U. s. (Government Bonds or 730Treasurv Notes." 



''I"' 



The following is from the records: — 

"Some of us feel as though you will receive as much, while others of "^ 
think you will receiv(» more than by closing it in any other way, while 
makes a speedy and final settlement at once. 

'' To Mr. Brown, who has b(»en your cashier from the organization of yo- "^ 
bank, for his faithful discharge of his duties, for his fitness for the positi(^^ ^ 
and for bis honesty and integrity, we tender in your behalf, and for ol 'M- 
selves, our gratitude and our thanks. 

^^ Signed, J. \V. COLBUUN, I'rcsidnU, 

JOHN l*Ein\lNS, 
. A. L. THOMPSON, ^ ^.^^^^^^^^ 

SYLVESTEIi BUBKE, 
SAMUEL ALFORD, Jr., 
M. 0. RICHARDSON, 

FIRST NATIONAL BANK. 



The National Banking System came into being by the exigen- 
cies of the great War of the Rebellion. Secretary Chase con- 
ceived the idea as a method to create a denumd for the securities 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 157 

of the government, and as an efficient agency in placing the gov- 
ernment loans among the people, and it fully met his expectations. 
Soon after the passage of the Act by Congress in February, 
1863, Henry Barnard, who was a foresighted man in financial 
matters, foresaw a profitable investment, and invited some of his 
fellow-townsmen to meet and consider the advisability of forming 
a national bank in Springfield. 

The first meeting of record was held in a chamber over the old 
*' Forbush Store," w^hich stood on the spot where now stands the 
Lelaiid Block. The capital stock was placed at fifty thousand 
dollars and the preliminaiy certificate signed. Articles of Asso- 
ciation were adopted May 30, and a board of directoi-s chosen. 
They were: Henry Barnard, Dr. Leonard Chase, C. A. Forbush, 
I diiey Burke, and Daniel Rice. Henry Barnard was elected 
president and George W. Porter cashier. The organization cei- 
tilieate was dated Nov. 11, 1863, and the number /)f tlie bank wns 
122.^ but the bank did not open for business until Jan. 12, 1864. 
^^^ first place of business was in the front room of Mr. Barnard's 
boiij^e, now owned by Dr. Haig, which the bank soon after bought, 
^f t^rward they sold the house and moved to the rooms they now 
^^^•iipy in the second stoiy of Woolson & Thompson's Block in 
^'^^ spring of 1869. 

Xhe capital stock was increased to one hundred thousand dol- 
^^>i in 1864, and again increased to two hundred thousand in 

^65. This last increase was to take in the stockholdei-s of the 
p 

^'^ change Bank, which was wound up when the government im- 

P^^^ed a ten per cent tiix on all other circulation than that of 

^tional banks or of the government itself. In 1878 the capital 

^-^K'k was reduced to one hundred thousand dollars, which is its 

l^^^sent capital. 

In 1869 Henry Barnard was succeeded as president by AlV)ert 
^rown, and he by Joseph W. Colburn in 1871. Mr. Colburn's 
^Wth occurred in March following, and Amasa Woolson was 
elected to the vacancy. 

Heniy Barnard again became president in January, 1872. He 
(lied in Noveml)er, 1873, and was succeeded by Samuel Alford, 
Jr., of Perkinsville. In January, 1878, Amasa Woolson was 



158 HISTOKY OF THE TOWN 

again elected to the presidency. Mr. Woolson died in 1891, ar 
C. E. Richardson, a foi-mer cashier of tlie bank, was elected pre* 
dent and still holds the office (1894). 

Tlie eashiei-s were as follows : George W. Porter, 1863 ; 1 
P. C4ilson, 1864 to 1866; C. E. Richardson, 1866 to 1870; A 
l)ert Brown, 1871 to 1877 ; Benjamin F. Aldrich, 1877 to 1887. 

Mr. Aldrich was obliged to resign on account of ill health, ai 
Crei-shom L. ClossoJi, the present casliier, was elected. 

THE CAMPBELL FUND. 

In 1876 David Richard Campljell, who was born in Rockin 
ham in 1794, donated to the inhabitants of Springfield the sum 
live thousand dollai*s, the same to be safely invested, and t 
yt^arly income thereof to be a[)plied to the support of the poor 
the town of Sj)ringfield. The town voted to accept said fur 
and that three commissionei-s l)e chosen, one at each annual Mar 
meeting, to hold office for three yeai-s, to disbui-se the income 
the said fund, according to the spirit of the liberal giver, amo 
the [HViV of the town. 

KIHE DErAKTMKNT. 

In 1S38 the selectmen organized a vilhige fire departure 
under authority of an act of the Legislatujc p>ussed the pi*evic 
year. The (U*partment ownccl a hand engine, and meml)ei*s 
the organization who were householdei's, were provided w 
leather buckets, in proportion to the numl)er of fires in th 
dwellings, from one to four, which buckets were expected to 
kept in the most accessible place in the house. The engine ho 
was then on the present site of Woolson's Block. 

In 188o the village corporation was made a fire district, i 
the property of the <lepartment transferred to it. An eng 
house was built above the Univei'salist Church, and anot 
engine w^as kept at the shop of Davidson & Parks. In 184i 
hook and ladder company was formed. 

in 1848 a new engine wjis purchased called Torrent No. 3, { 
a company of thirty-six meml)ei"s organized. The meml)ei's w 
to l)e paid two dollars a year for their services. The town 
propriated two hundred and forty dollai-s for the purchase 



OF SPKINGFIELD, VT. 159 

hose. In 1852 the members of the company were uniformed, and 
the hosemen provided with rubber suits. 

In 1854 an engine house was built at the east end of the falls 
bridge, at an expense of $850, the upper story being used for 
corporation meetings. Another appropriation was made in 1859 
of .*200. 

In 1860 a new fire district was formed, which was again 
changed in 1866. 

In 1879 a force pump was put in at the gristmill, and iron 
piping and hydrants at an expense of over il,700. In that year 
Col. W. H. H. Slack presented to the hose company, which iKnii-s 
his uame, a finely equipped hose carriage. 

In 1882 the present engine house was built, and tlie fine 
^t^aiiier " Skitchewaug " was bought, the wliole costing some 
*^8,OO0. The Skitchewaug is an excellent machine. A heater 
*^^eps the water hot all the time, so the nia(*hine is always ready. 
^ver two thousand feet of hose with two good hose carriages arc 
^Iso in i*eadiness for use, and Springfield has one of the best 
^^impped and most eflicient fire departments in the State. 

FIUKS. 

Springfield has had m«any disiistrous fires, the earliest being the 
cotton mill and the machine shop on the west side of the rivei*. 
Tile paper mill w^as bunied about 1848. In May, 1859, Parks 
& \\^oolson's machine shop was destroyed, and in December, 1877, 
^^^ Industrial Shop at the upj)er dam. The next year the shops 
of the Vermont Novelty Works were destroyed, June 25, with a 
loss of seventv thousand dollars. Wliitmore & Dillon also had a 

«r' 

^I'lous fire the same year, and the residence of E. C. Nason was 

ourn^j^ In 1880 the Ixirns of Thomfus Carmody and of John 

^^y were burned. In 1881 the house of C. M. Ball was de- 

**^^yed, and the Springfield Toy C(mipany lost one thousand 

hilars the same year. In January, 1882, Gowing's grist mill, 

^^lody's hosiery shop. George W. Porter's store, and the houses 

^* A. P. Fairbanks and John Chipman, were all burned. June 

^ of the same year the foundry of the Vermont Snath Com- 

Vaiiy y^r^^ destroyed, loss, $20,000. SpaiTOw's Block was partly 



160 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

burned that year. In 1883 Mi-s. Dr. Sawyer's buildings \ 
burned. Frank D. Mai-tin's l)ox factory at North Springfield 
entirely consumed Sept. 3, 1884, loss, eight thousand dol 
Mr. Martin rebuilt, and his shop was again wliolly bui 
in 1893. In 1885, Aug. 21, Adna Brown's new bam 
struck by liglitning and burned, and Dec. 21 the Pir 
Block was damaged by fire. The fine residence of 1 
Frederick Parks was burned April 18, 1887, loss i20,( 
May 12 of the same year there was damage by fire at the Vern 
Novelty Works to the amount of f 3,000. In the night of J 
7, 1894, a fire in tlie clothing store of D. O. Gill & Son, in 
Fairbanks Block, resulted in a loss of $6,000 to the stock, 
*1,000 to the building. 

FRKSHETS. 

In the summer of 18(V.) a sudden rise of Black River, cai 
by a shower, carried out the bulkhead of tlie dam just built 
the Novelty Works Comj)anv, tind the north end of the new si 
building, not yet occupied. The great freshet, in the auti 
of ISOO, carried out the dam and stone buildings next to 
river, just built by Ellis, Britton & Eaton. The grist 
of Heniy Safford wiis swept away, and the residence 
Joseph Smart. Mike Tully's house (the first fmme house I 
in the vilhige) went off, and sevei*al houses below the Ic 
bridge were undennined and turned upon their sides. The ] 
iron bridge across the falls Avent off, with a man named Mor 
wlio was drowned; and every other bridge across the river ex< 
the (Covered bridge at the lower end of Main Street, and 
Nathan White bridge wjis swept away. 

In July, 1883, a local shower, or cloud-burst, in the nortb 
part of the town, caused a sudden rise in the brooks wliich 
great damage. The roads were gullied four or five feet deej 
all washed out, culverts and bridges swept awa)^ the dam I 
by M. P. Whitcomb was swept out, the water-course under IV 
Street in the village was choked by fiood wood, and the w 
poured through the hotel, filling the cellar with mud and mm 
out of the front windows. Farmers in the south part of the t 
carted hay at the same time. 



OF SPKINGFIELD, VT. 161 

In June, 1884, a similar shower was still more disastrous. 
Eveiy bridge on the brook road was canied out. A house owned 
by Adna Brown was earned down several rods ; the house of 
Henry A. Perkins was undermined and overturned; the flood- 
MTiXid was j)iled up against Newton's store, to the second story 
windows ; the house now owned by Albert Lafountaine was 
carried off its foundation and left standing in the yard of John- 
son's blacksmith shop. A ton^ent of water poured through and 
around the hotel, livery stable, stage barn, and blacksmith shop, 
destrojing a large amount of proijeity both public and private. 
T'liis shower extended over a larger area than the one eleven 
'^^ouths earlier, and was accompanied by a gale of wind. The 
lurg^ new bam of Mr. Fairbrother, at Cheshire bridge, was blown 
down and destroyed; one peraon in the barn at the time was 
'billed. The damage to roads and bridges in Springfield was 
^^tiiiiated to amount to five thousand doUai-s. The interruption 
^o business and titivel in the town was a serious loss. 

-V fter this shower a wider pat-sage for the brook under Main 
Sti-fi^t was blasted through the ledge, the bed of the brook 
^"Oiice up Valley Street wjvs widened and securely walled at 
iai-j^e expense. 

AGKICULTURE IN SPRINGFIKLI). 

Springfield has always l^een noted as a good farming town. 

^^** meiidows and intei'vale lands are fertile and easily cultivated, 

^'^^V the soil of its hillsides, even to their summits, gives abundant 

'^t: Vims to the labora of the husbandman. The first settlers on 

»^*^:tn\vell Hill, though driven away by the Indians, were so 

P*^5teed with the favorable character of the soil that they returned 

^"^ soon as they could with safety to the same spot; and Capt. 

^^^^lon Stevens, whose expeditions as a soldier and surveyor had 

S^ \ren him an extensive acquaintance with the country in this 

*^^tion, set a stake on the site of the present town faim, and 

^^^^lounced his determination to return to that spot to make his 

*^^ine when his term of service in the army was over. 

Tlie early settlei*s had no fear of climbing hills, and their 
*^^nn8 were many of them located where they have long since 



1(>2 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

been abandoned as too hard to reacli. Their roads were built ove 
the hills, when it would have l)een easier to have built aroun 
them, and much more convenient for travel. 

In the early days potash and pearlash were about the onl^^ 
products which could l>e sold for cash, and great quantities «zzi 
timber were piled and burned simply for the ashes, and to ele^si 
the land. 

Distilleries and ginneries were built in tlie lii'st years of th^a 
cent HIT, and when tlie hillsides had, with the labor of uncount^^ 
days, been cleared, jjloughed, and dragged with the spike-tooth^^ 
harrow, they were sowti with rye year after year, a large part ^ 
which went to the distilleries. I'he few crude agricultural iwr^ 
plements of those days api^ear to have l>een i)lanned and cc^ ^ 
structed ux)on the principle that the more iron worked into th^ - 
the better. As late as 1840 or 1850, the most of them continu^e= 
to he unnecesstarily heavy, clumsy, and inconvenient, so much ^ 
that if such tools were offered to farm laborei"s to-ilay a "striken 
would Ix^ the result. 

In early days much flax was raised, which the industrio ^> 
wdves and daughtei-s hatchelled, spun, and wove into tow aii^ 
linen cloth, which w^as used for clothing for the men in summt?r^ 
and for the women all the year. Very little wheat w^as raised, 
and none imported in the earliest yeai-s. The staple articles of 
food were rye and corn bread, potatoes, pork, and bean i^oixidge. 
Their simple, homely ww' of living and their severe laboi*s were 
not regarded as liardships, for they were universal in those times. 

1 Ioi*se-i*akes were fii^st used in town about 1845. When George 
and Brooks Kimball fii-st introduced their spring-tooth horse-rake, 
which would work on rough and stony land, it was looked 
upon as a great advance in agricultural implements, and was re- 
garded as a luxury almost l>eyond the means of the small farmer. 
The iii-st mowing machine wtis a Manny mow-er, used by James 
^Whipple in 1858. The fii-st light running and really good ma- 
chines were the Walter A. Wood mowei-s, introduced here about 
1858, and Lucius Streeter l)ought a Granite State mower about 
the same time. The farmers of this town have always \reen 
enterprising in the introduction of improved stock, macliinerj-, 
and methods of farming. 



OF SPRINGFrELD, VT. 163 

Until within a few years wool-growing was a leading and satis- 
factory industry. The proximity of Consul Jarvis's flock of 
merinos was soon felt in the introduction of merino blood into 
the flocks of coarse, Irish sheej), so that as early as 1814 the girls 
of Calvin Hubbard's family carded, si^un, and wove broadcloth in 
considerable quantities from wool i-aised on the farm. It is 
probable that many othei*s did the same, for there seems to have 
been business for the fulling mill at the village. The high prices 
of wool about 1805 stimulated enteri)rise and improvement, and 
many farmers took great pains to improve their flocks. Among 
those who made libeml and early investments in thoroughbred 
merino sheep may be mentioned James B. Whipple, James 
Lovell, Morton C. Roundy, Lucius Street^r, James R. Walker, C. 
Horace Hubbard, Henry Saflford, Leverett Brown, Levi White, 
George F. Wiley, Nathan P. White, Edson X. Pierce, George L. 
Cutter, Jeremiah Ablx)t, Homce Randall and otliei*s. 

The reduction of tariff protection, and the competition arising 
from the marvellous development of wool-growing in the terri- 
tories, Australia and New Zctaland, have lowered the price from 
year to year, and now (1894), with "tariff refonn" promising '^free 
wool," the industry hius ceased to be profitable, and the few re- 
maining flocks are l>eing i-apidly decimated. 

Dairying wiis fonnerly an incidental part of the business on 
most farms. The farmers made their own butter and cheese in 
tVie old-fashioned ways, and a little to sell, in exchange for goods 
Jit the stores. The -* general puri)ose cow," of native or mongrel 
blood, prevailed, and many steei-s were raised for beef or working 
oxen. In 1866 twenty farmei*s united to make a systematic im- 
pi-ovement of their cattle. A committee was appointed to buy 
a thorouglibred shoit-horned bull. Two were bought for the 
ii8SOciation. C. Horace Hubbard, James E. White, Morton C. 
Roundy, and Daniel O. Gill bought choice cows and heifei-s of the 
same blood, bred for both dairy and l)eef qualities. The next 
year Henry M. Arms purchased the celebrated Loomis herd of ten 
animals. Tliese purchases gave a marked impetus to the improve- 
ment of the cattle in this section. The town came to be noted for 
its fine large cows and choice heavy oxen. In tliis connection the 






164 HISTORY OF THE TOWX 

following letter to the editor of the Springfield Reporter^ by th^^^ 
late Asahel P. Fairbanks, one of Springfield's successful fannei 
who died in 1894 at the age of eighty-eight years, will be 
interest : — 

Mr. Editor,— 

A number of my friends and acquaintances haying expressed a desire 
see an account in print of some of the heavy steers that I have raised dorii 
my residence in town, with your permission I will furnish something for pi»^ 
lication in the Reporter, Tlie first forty-hundred pair I ever sold broug- 
$250, a larger price than had ever been received at that time. Then I 9< 
two pair that w^eighed forty hundred per pair, for f600 ; one pair, forty-^ '. 
hundred, for ^225 ; one cow for $105, and two pair of steers that weighed oir^- 
forty-six hundred per pair, for $430 per pair. I had one cow that broug^ 
seven male calves in succession. Just think of it, over seven tons of b^^« 
from the progeny of one cow. During the civil war my son was drafted a 
went to war. I thought I would make the bcjst soldier, but my friends saic 
had better stay at home and raise beef for the soldiers. I did so and raift-< 
five fat ones in a buneh. I don't remember how much they weighed, guc 
they were fat enough for anybody. Tlie next pair I raised I broke for woi 
ers and they tipped the scales at forty-five hundred. I broke up ten acres 
greensward and also hauled a lot of large stone, beside doing consideraLiJ^ ^' 
other work before they were sold, which happened in this way : While ** 
w^ork in my field a man came along and praised them highly, although I h i**^ 
no idea that he desired to purchase them. After talking a while, says Im^-r 
** How much will you take for them?" I answered hhn off-hand, '^ Five hufx — 
dred dollars," and he shoved the money into my hands. I could not back out 
although I could have had $525 the next day. He sold them inside of tv*o 
weeks for $550. I then sold one big fat pair that brought S575 in market^ 
ami seven fat ones that I sold to John Taylor and for which I got a pocket 
full of money. I sold one ])ig fat steer that brought $500 in market. I have 
raised many more fat cattle but they are too numerous to mention. Two fat 
hogs that I sold dressed 1,200 and 1,010 respectively. In writing this I do not 
wish to be understood that I have raised '' fancy stock," it is the profit I have 
been after. I had nothing but my hands when I begun and I had to work ta 
got me a piece of laud. I happened to have gumption enough to know good 
land and raise good crops and th(»n feed them out to make the steers grow. 
I have often been asked how I made my steers so big, and how much meal I 
gave them in the summer. I never gave a bushel of meal in the summer. I 
never gave over a peck a day to anj- steer, large or small. I used to cut my 
hay fifteen days earlier than my neighbors and have been told to keep out of 
my grass until later and I would have hay enough. Early cut hay and a little 
meal is what will make good cattle if they are tended right, kept clean and 
made to eat up their food clean. I have also raised a good many nice colts 
and I think if some one had given me a $2,000 farm when I started, I could 
have raised some fancy stock that would astonish the natives, but if I have 
not done my part for the commonwealth of the place, just let me know it. I 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 165 

could show quite a sum that I have brought iuto town from sales of fat stock, 
but I do not wish any one to think I desire to bra^ of my doings. In conclu- 
sion I will say that if other young men (of my time and later) had stuck to 
one kind of business as I have, there would be less growling about taxes, 

debts, and mortgageii farms. 

AsAiiEL Fairbanks, 81 j-ears old. 

But this condition of things wa^ soon all changed. In the 
march of national i)ix>gre8s the vacant lands on the western frontier 
were converted into mnches, and cattle raised without hay, where 
no plow ever turned a furrow, and driven to Kansius and fattened 
on its cheap corn, filled our gi-eat markets with l)eef at prices far 
below the cost of raising oui-s ; and so the strong, i>atient oxen, 
in which our fannei's took such pride, have by low prices l)een 
driven to the wall, and, like the buffalo, have practically l^econie 
extinct. We have learned slowly — and we are slow to learn — 
that dairy qualities in the cow are of pamniount imi^oilance ; and 
the little Jei'sey cow has come to the front as a butter cow. The 
invention of the Cooley system and the institution of creameries 
have largely revolutionized the dairy ])usiness. With warm 
stables and ensilage as a winter food, the farmers find winter 
dairying more profitable than that of summer. 

The Springfield Creamery Ctmipany was organized in 1888, 
and a factory built having a capacity for tlie milk of one thousand 
cows. Tins enterprise hius proved profita])le to the ])atrons. 

A cheese factor}- waii established at the North Village in 1877, 
and was run until 1884 by Chjirles A. Lehind and Fred G. Field, 
and from thirty to sixty thousand pounds were niiule annually. 

In 1862 a farmer's club was organized in town which held 
weekly meetings for four wintei-s. Out of this grew the Spring- 
field Agricultural Society, which has held annual faii-s since 1866, 
when the fii*st was held on the Common. The Springfield Park 
Association having made a financial failure in the effort to con- 
duct a hoi-se-i-acing society, the grounds were given up on the 
mortgage and offered to the Agricultui-al Society for one thousand 
dollars. The sum of six Inuidi-ed dollai*s was raised by volun- 
tarj' subscription, and the town, in 1 880, voted to appropriate the 
remaining four hundred, and the i)roperty was deeded to the 
town, to be held forever for a place to hold the town faii-s. 
The park is cared for by six tnistees, chosen by the town. 



166 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



SOLDIERS PROM SPRINGFIELD IN THE WA 

OP THE REBELLION. 



FIRST REGIMEXT VERMONT VOLUNTEERS. THREE MONT 

This regiment was mustered into service May 2, 1861, 
mustered out Aug. 15, 1861. 

COMPANY E. 

Allen, AlbtM-t W, Frost, Roswell W. 

Allen, James H. Kendriek, Benjamin S. 

Blodgett, William II. Kendall, Luke. 

Clapp, Albert S. Perkins, William H. 

DeCamp, Ezra M. Wheeler, Charles. 

Williams, IFenry (^., Corporal. 

THIRD REGIMENT. THREE YEARS. 
COMPANY A. 

Adams, Harrison S., enlisted June 1 , '61 ; discharged Oct 
'62 ; re-enlisted Dec. 10, '63 ; discharged Jinie 17, '65. 

AiTiis, Kl)en B., enlisted Aug. 16, '62 ; died in hospite 
Alexandria, Va. 

Bailey, Andrew A., enlisted June 1, '61 ; died April 17, 
of wounds received at Lee's Mills, April 16, '62. 

Ball, Leroy A., enlisted Jiuie 1, '61; tmnsferi-ed to Iir 
Corps, Nov. 20, '63 ; discharged July 20, '(U. 

Barnes, Lewis J., enlisted Aug. 14, '62 ; deserted July 20, 

Bixby, Charles A., enlisted Sept. V.^ '62 ; deserted Jan. 20. 

Brewer, Harrison IL, enlisted June 1, '<)1 : discharged Fe 
'62. 

Boynton, Emei'son A., enlisted June 1, '61 ; promoted serg 
Feb. 1, '63; killed at Spottsylvania, Mny 12, '64. 



OF SPKLNGFIELD, VT. 167 

Ciu'mody, John, enlisted June 1, '61 ; mustered out July 27, 
'64 ; promoted corporal Feb. 1, '63. 

Chilson, King A., enlisted June 1, '61 ; died June 29, '62 ; 
wagoner. 

Clark, James H., enlisted June 1, '61; corj^oi-al; killed at 
Wilderness, May 5, '64. 

Coffin, Henry W., enlisted June 1, '61 ; discharged Nov. 12, 
'61, for disability. 

Cook, Charles A., enlisted Feb. 29, '64 ; killed in action May 
5, '64. 

Coffin, James B., enlisted June 1, '61 ; mustered out July 27, 
'64 ; wounded May 5, '64. 

Cook, Henry M., enlisted June 1, '61; died Dec. 10, '62, of 
disease. 

Cook, Marvin J., enlisted June 1, '61 ; corporal; wounded and 
taken prisoner May 8, '63; paroled May 16, '63; discharged 
July 16, '64. 

Cook, Seymour O., enlisted June 1, '61; musician; discharged 
June 18, '62. 

Cmin, Frederick, enlisted May 24, '61 ; 1st lieutenant ; pro- 
moted captain and assistant quartermaster United States Volun- 
teers May 18, '64 ; brevet major of volunteei-s March 13, '65, for 
faithful and meritorious service during the war, and lieutenants 
colonel of volunteers Dec. 2, '65 ; mustered out Feb. 8, '66. 

Cutler, Cliiirles, enlisted June 1, '61 ; mustered out July 27, '64. 

Damon, George M., enlisted Feb. 15, '62; died Oct. 29, '62. 

Damon, Hii-am, enlisted June 1, '61 ; discharged Nov. 29, '62, 
for disability. 

Damon, Olcott, enlisted June 1, '61 ; discharged April 29, '62, 
for disability. 

Estabrook, Jasper L., enlisted Sept. 23, '61 ; died Nov. 27, '62, 
of disease. 

FaiTington, George E., enlisted Aug. 13, '62 ; promoted cor- 
poral Nov. 7, '63; sergeant, June 1, '64; commissary sergeant 
March 25, '65 ; mustered out June 19, '65. 

Flanders, Alden P., enlisted June 1, '61 ; died Oct. 21, '62, of 
disease. 



168 ' HISTORY OF THE TO>V> 

Flanders, Edwin J., enlisted Aug. 27, '62 ; re-enlisted Dec. 2 
'63 ; killed at Cold Harbor, June 1, '64. 

Floyd, Horace W., enlisted May 24, '61 ; 2d lieutenan 
promoted 1st lieutenant Co. F, Aug. 13, '61 ; captain Co. 
Sept. 22, '62 ; wounded June 21, '64 ; promoted major Aug. 
'64 ; lieutenan t-c;olonel Oct. 18, '64 ; brevet colonel Oct. 19, '<1^ 
for gallantry and good conduct in the campaign before Richmo 
and in Shenandoah Valley ; mastered out as lieutenant-colo: 
July 11, >)r>. 

Frost, William, enlisted Aug. 14, 't)2 ; wounded May 5, '6 
discharged May 17, T);"). 

Gould, Norman, enlisted June 1, '61 ; re-enlisted Dec. 21, '6 
died June 10, '65, of wounds received at Petensbui-g, April 2, ' 

Gnsw^old, Francis, enlisted June 1,'61; discharged July 
'62, f(U' disability. 

Hatch, Edward I)., enlisted June 1, '61 ; mustered out Ji 
27, '64. 

Hopkins, Frye H., t^ilisted Aug. 14, '62; discharged April 
't>3, for disability. 

Holbrook, Joshua M., enlisted June 1, 't)l ; re-enlisted Dec. : 
'<)3; mustered out July 27, '65. 

Hopkins, (leorgc H., enlisted Aug. 14, '62; mustered o 
May 13, ^^\:^. 

ft- 

Johnson, Frank, enlisted June 1 , '61 ; mustered out July 27, '6 
Leland, Levi P., enlisted June 1, '61 ; promoted sei'geant Au ^ 

13, '61; promoted 1st sergeant: reH»nlisted Dec. 21, '(>3; dit^ 

July 14, 'r)4, of wounds received July 12, '64. 

Leonard, Henry L., enlistc<l Oct. \K '<U : discharged June 1-^ 

'62, for disabilitv. 

* 

Lockwood, Ira, enlisted Oct. 15, '«>1 : re-cnlisted Dec. 21, '6:5 9 
mustered out Julv 11, '<>5. 

Lyons, John A., enlisted June 1, '61 ; corporal: [mmioted 
sergeant: discharged Nov. 21. '<>2, for disability. 

Madigan, Thomas, enlisted June 1,'61; discharged June 14, 
'62. for disabilitv. 

Martin. James M., enlisted June 1, '<>1 : corporal; discharged 





■ t* 



il 



OF SPUrNGFrELD, VT. 169 

Alessiiiger, William O., enlisted Aug. 16, '62 ; diedJune 6, '64, 
f wounds i-eceived in action June 3, '64. 

Mason, Oscar F., enlisted June 1, '61 ; promoted corporal 
:>v. 29, '61 ; wounded May 5, '64 ; mustered out July 27, '64. 
Newton, Julius C, enlisted June 1, '61; discharged Dec. 10, 
U for disability. 

F^arker, Myron E., enlisted Dec. 24, '63 ; corporal ; died Nov. 
*€>4, of wounds received at Cedar Creek, Oct. 20, '64. 
E^liillips, Hubbaitl H., enlisted Jime 1, '61 ; sergeant Co. A; 
► riioted 1st sergeant Co. H, Aug. 13, '61 ; promoted 2d lieu- 
t5xnt Co. E, Jan. 15, '63 ; mustered out July 27, '64. 
E^ieix*e, I^wis A., enlisted June 1, '61; sergeant; promoted 
lieutenant Co. D, Oct. 24, '62 ; discharged for disability 
^x-il 13, '63. 

\\)ei\ Charles F., enlisted June 1, 61 ; mustered out July 
'64. 

utnam, Benjamin F., enlisted Aug. 14, '62; mustered out 
xie 19, '65 ; promoted corporal April 3, '65. 
^fcandel, Geoi-ge H., enlisted June 1, '61 ; discharged Nov. 20, 
■i, for disability. 

Heed, Allen,' enlisted JuJie 1, '61 ; died Feb. 27, '62, of 
s^s^ase. 

Shaw, Daniel L., enlisted June 1, '61 ; promoted sergeant 
^e. 10, '62; promoted 1st sergeant June 1, '64; mustei*ed out 
Uly 27, '64. 

Spring, George P., enlisted June 1, '61; died July 28, '62, of 
iseiuse. 

Stanley, George M., enlisted Sept. 19, '61 ; discharged Dec. 29, 
^2, for disability. 

Stowell, Martin A., enlisted June 1, ^iM; discharged Jan. 18, 
^>2. for disalnlity. 

Tolles, David N., enlisted Aug. 14, '62; discharged March 
<, *65. 

Veazey, Wheelock G., enlisted May 21, '61 ; captain; i)r(mioted 
iiajor Aug. 10, '61; lieutenant-colonel Aug. 13, '61; colonel 
I6th regiment Sept. 27, '62. Awarded medal of honor for dis- 
inguished gallantry at battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, '63 ; 
aiiistei-ed out Aug. 10, '63. 



170 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Veazey, Daniel B., enlisted May 21, '61; promoted 2d liei 
tenant Co. I, Nov. 1, '63 ; mustered out July 27, '64. 

Walker, William, enlisted Aug. 16, '62 ; discharged Dec. 2. 
'62, for disability. 

Whitcomh, Emerson E., enlisted June 1, '61 ; wounded Ap 
16, '62 ; mustered out July 27, '64. 

White, John M., enlisted Aug. 14, '62 ; promoted corpo 
A[)ril 8, '65 ; mustered out June 19, '65. 

Winchester, Salmon, enlisted Aug. 14, '62; mustered 
June 19, '65. 

Woods, Willis W., enlisted June T, '61 ; re-enlisted Dec. i 
'68 : promoted 2d lieutenant May 10, '65 ; mustered out July 
'65, as 1st sergeant. 

COMPANY B. 

BuUard, Ryland N., enlisted July 22, '63 ; died May 19, '64, 
wounds received May 5, '64. 

COMPANY H. 

Parker, Darius, enlisted July 22, '63 ; killed in action May 5, '( 

Parker, Nelson, enlisted July 22, '63 ; transferred to Co. 
July 25, '64; mustered out July 11, '65. 

Rumnll, Hamlin, enlisted July 22, '63 ; killed in action M 
5, '64. 

Rumrill, Haskell R., enlisted July 22, '63 ; ti-ansferred to 

« 

K July 25, '64 ; discharged July 2, '65, for disability. 

COMPANY 1. 

Sexton, Thomas, enlisted Aug. 3, '64 ; mustered out June 19, ' 
Spillane, Patnck, enlisted Aug. 30, '64; mustered out Ju^- 
19, '65. 

FOURTH l?E(iIMENT. THREE YEARS. 

COMJ»ANY C. 

Davis, Seth A., enlisted Aug. 26, '61 ; mustered out Sept- 
30, '64. 

Coburn, Ansel O., enlisted Aug. 16, '61 ; coi-poral; discharged 
May 14, '62. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 171 

Griswold, Leighton W., enlisted Aug. 22, '61 ; killed in action 
May 5, '64. 

Malon, Patrick, enlisted Aug. 27, '61 ; deserted Feb. 19, '63. 

Miller, John A., enlisted Aug. 27, '61 ; died May 17, '64, of 
wounds received in action May 5, '64. 

Murphy, John, enlisted Aug. 20, '61 ; wounded and taken 
prisoner June 25, '62 ; j^aroled Aug. 3, '62 ; discharged Jan. 

20, '63. 

Myrick, Madison M., enlisted Aug. 24, '61 ; corporal : discharged 
Sept. 20, '64, for wounds received May 5, '64. 

Parker, William N., enlisted Aug. 28, '61 ; discharged Oct. 
7, '62. 

Walker, Abram J., enlisted Aug. 26, '61 ; discharged April 
3, ^62. 

Walker, Benjamin F., enlisted Sept. 3, '61 ; discharged June 
1 «, '62. 

Walker, Pliny P., enlisted Aug. 28, '61 ; died Feb. 4, '62. 

('0M1»ANY F. 

Gaq)enter, Helon F., enlisted Aug. 19, '61 ; mustered out 
ept. 30, '64. 

(H)MPANV K. 

Noui-se, Nelson L., enlisted Sept. 7, '61 ; discharged June 
7, '62. 

Rumrill, Emei-son M., (unlisted Sept. 5, '61 ; died April 17, '62. 

Smith, Elliot W., enlisted Sept. 4, '61 ; re-enlisted Dec. 15, '63; 
^nustered out July 13, '65. 

Seav^er, Harly C, enlisted July 22, '63 ; mustered out June 
:i9, '65. 

SIXTH REGIMENT. THREE YEARS. 
COMPANY E. 

Chapman, Warren H., enlisted March 6, "62 ; re-enlisted March 

21, '64 ; killed at Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, '64. 
Clark, Harvey O., enlisted F'eh. 21. '62; re-enlisted March 21, 

'64 ; mustered out June 26, "65. 



172 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Haywood, Charles F., enlisted Sept. 19, '61 ; discharged F 
/), '63 for disability. 

COMPANY c. 

Foster, Ileiirj- S., enlisted Feb. 17, '62 ; re-enlisted March 
'<)4 ; killed in action Aug. 21, '64. 

Mellish, George II., enlisted March 11, '62 ; i-e-enlisted Ma 
21, '64 ; promoted coq)oral Oct. 15, '64, sergeant, June 19, '< 
mustered out June 26, '65. 

Mai-sb, Henry E., enlisted Sept. 30, '61 ; wounded and tal 
prisoner May 3, '63 ; died of wounds Aug. 22, '63. 

Pierce, Oscar, enlisted March 20, '62 ; re-enlisted March 
'64 ; promoted cori)oral May 12, '65 : mustered out June 26, ' 

SEVENTH KEGIMENT. THREE YEARS. 

COMPANY G. 

Hlodgett, William H., enlisted Nov. 26, '61 ; re-enlisted Feb. 
'64 ; discharged Feb. 16, '66. 

Bingham, Aaron, enlisted Dec. 21, '63 ; deserted Aug. 2, ' 

Cook, Seymour O., enlisted Aug. 18, '63 ; musician ; muste 
out Aug. 30, '64. 

Hale, Aimer 1^., enlisted Jan. 17, '62; musician; re-enlis 
Feb. 15, '64 ; discharged for disability May 1, '65. 

Lockwood, Roswell, enlisted Dec. 1,'61 ; musician; discharj 
for disability Oct. 15, '62. 

I^ee, Christopher C, enlisted Jan. 21, '62; re-enlisted Feb. 
'04; promoted corporal A])ril 7, '<)5; mustered out March 14, ' 

Martin, Horace H., enlisted Dec. 16, '61 ; died Oct. 4, '62. 

Moi-se, Charles, enlisted Jan. 11, '62; mustei*ed out Aug. 
'64. 

Olney, Moses, enlisted Jan. 6, 'iV2 ; died Aug. 29, *62. 

Perkins, Adams B., enlisted Jan. 17, '62; re-enlisted Feb. 
"64 ; promoted coi'})oral June 25, '64 ; promoted sergeant Feb. 
'65: mustered cmt March 14, '66. 

Perkins, William 11., enlisted Nov. 26, '61 : re-enlisted Feb. 
'64 ; mustei^ed out March 14, 'CyCy. 

Randall, Joseph S., enlisted Jan. r>, '62 ; died July 25, '62. 



'«? 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 173 

Kuinrill, Charles F., enlisted Dee. 20, '61 ; re-enlisted Feb. 15, 
64 ; mustered out March 14, '66. 

Ruinrill, Henry A., enlisted Jan. 17, '62; re-enlisted Feb. 16, 
'64 ; mustered out March 14, '66. 

Rumrill, Jolm W., enlisted Dec. 17, '61 ; re-enlisted Feb. 15, '64 ; 
mustered out Aug. 23, '65. 

Rumrill, Joseph P., enlisted Dec. 20, '61 ; discharged Oct. 
15, '62. 

Rumrill, Moses C, enlisted Jan. 20, '62 ; re-enlisted Feb. 24, 
'64 ; mustered out March 14, '66. 

Waiteman, Charles A., enlisted Nov. 26, '61 ; mustered out 
Aug. 30, '64. 

(^OMPANY II. 

Bates, Frederick A., enlisted Dec. 5, '63 ; mustered out March 
14, '66. 

Bloxom, Edward G., enlisted Dec. 14, '63 ; mustered out 
March 14, '66. 

Kneeland, William A., enlisted Dec. 19, '63 ; mustered out 
March 14, '66. 

Meachan, Horace E., enlisted Aug. 22, '63 ; musician ; mustered 
out March 1, '66. 

Si)aulding, Almon J., enlisted Dec. 17, '63 ; discharged Oct. 4, 
'f)5, for disability. 

Spafford, Wesley II., enliste<l Dec. 15, '63; miLstered out 
March 14, '()6. 

COMPANY (r. 

Smith, Abner E. T., enlisted Feb. 10, '65 ; mustered out Feb. 
10, '66. 

KIGHTII REGIMENT. THREE YEARS. 

COMPANY J. 

Bates, Frankford II., enlLsted Sept. 12, 'i\4; wounded Oct. 19, 
'64 ; mustered out May 22, '65. 

Jenkins, Herbert W., enlisted Sept. 12, '64 ; mustered out June 
1, '65. 



174 HISTORY OF THE TOWiJ 

NINTH REGIMENT. THREE ^T:ARS. 
(COMPANY A. 

Martin, Jolin, enlisted June 2, '(52 ; mustered out June 13, 't 

COMPANY B. 

Slason, John C, enlisted June 16, '62 ; re-enlisted Aug. 2, '(> 
transferred to Co. B, lltli Regiment Vermont Volunteers ; d 
charged June 12, '65, for wounds received April 2, '65. 

Shison, William E., enlisted Aug. 20, ' t)4 , mustered out Ju 
13, '65. 

(X)MPANY I). 

C^iiss, Leighton M., enlisted Dec. 2, '68 ; promoted corpo 
Jan. 20, '65 ; mustered out Dec. 1, '65. 

Davis, Herlxirt W., enlisted Aug. 8, '64 ; mustered out Jl 
18, '65. 

Dodge, William L., enlisted June 2, '62 ; promoted corpo 
July 21, '63; sergeant, Feb. 18, '64; mustered out June 13, 'fe 

Edwards, Norris E., enlisted May 31, '62 ; promoted corpo 
Feb. 18, '64 ; wounded Sept. 29, '1)4 ; mustered out May 13, '€ 

Fanisworth, George II., enlisted Aug. 4, '64 ; mustered r 
June 13, '65. 

Fair])anks, Hiram C, enlisted Dec. 15, '63 ; died Dec. 8, '64- 

(lard, William, enlisted Dec. 16, '63 ; mustered out Dec.l, \ 

Grinnell, Al)el H., enlisted Dec. lU, '63 ; tmnsfen-ed to Co. 
June 13, 'iyrt ; mustered out Aug. 3, '65. 

Griswold, Thomtis, enlisted Dec. 3, '63 ; taken {prisoner Feb. 
'64 : confined at Andei-souville, N. 0. ; receipted for April : 
'r)5 : mustered out May 18, '65. 

ft' 

Hamilton, Charles, enlisted Aug. 6, '64 : nmst^red out June 1 
'65. 

Kendrick, Benjamin F., enlisted Dec. 30, '63 ; mustered o 
Dec. 1, 'i}i), 

Kneeland, William A., enlist-ed July 5, '62 : discharged i 
disability Nov. 18, '62. 

Lewis, William A., enlisted Aug. U, '(34 ; mustered out Ju 
13, '<};"). 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 175 

Lewis, John T., enlisted Aug. 23, '64 ; ti-ansferred to Co. M, 
11th Vermont Regiment, Jan. 20, '65 ; mustered out June 19, 
^65. 

Ladd, Carin, enlisted Dec. 19, '63 ; mustered out Dec. 1, '65. 

Olney, George, enlisted Sept. 3, '64 ; mustered out June 13, 
•65. 

Perham, Henry, enlisted Dec. 19, '63 ; ti-ansferred to Co. B 
June 13, '65 ; died Oct. 8, '65. 

Powers, Samuel C, enlisted Dec. 25, '63 ; mustered out Dec. 1, 
bo. 

Partridge, James A., enlisted Aug. 5, '64 ; mustered out June 
13, '65. 

Quirk, Jeremiah, enlisted Dec. 15, '63 ; promoted corporal Dec. 
i), '64 ; mustered out Dec. 1, '65. 

Royce, Roswell W., enlisted Dec. 2, '63 ; mustered out May 
13, '65. 

Rumrill, Luman C, enlisted Dec. 17, '63 ; transferred to Co. 

B, June 13, '65; mustered out Dec. 1, '65. 

Roby, James F., enlisted Aug. 9, '64 ; mustered out June 13, 
"65. 

Russell, Richard K., enlisted Aug. 10, '64 ; transferred to Co. 

C, 4th Vermont Regiment, Jan. 20, '6r> ; mustered out June 19, 
•65. 

Spring, John O., enlisted Aug. 9, '64 ; mustered out June 13, 
'65. 

Spring, Osmon A., enlisted Aug. 4, '64 ; mustered out June 
13, '65. 

Si)afford, Wesley H., enlisted June 23, '62 ; discharged Nov. 
6, '62, for disability. See Co. H, 7tli Vermont Regiment. 

Staples, Daniel L., enlisted Dec. 2, '63 ; promoted corpoml 
Feb. 18, '64 ; mustered out Dec. 1, '6iy, 

Taylor, Oscar E., enlisted June 6, '62 ; deserted July 15, '62. 

Thompson, Ransom T., enlisted June 4, '62 ; promoted cori>o- 
ral; pi-omoted sergeant Nov. 10, '63; first sergeant Feb. 18, 
'64 ; died June 15, '64. 

Turner, George, enlisted Dec. 16, '63 ; transferred to C'o. B 
June 13, '65 ; mustered out Dec. 1, '65. 



176 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Wilcox, Edward T., enlisted June 21, '62 ; mustered out Ji 
13, '65. 

Lamson, James A., now of Springfield; served in Co. C 
Co. A of the Ninth Regiment. 

TENTH REGIMENT. THREE YEARS. 
COMPANY H. 

Baker, Alonzo, enlisted July 21, '62 ; promoted corpoi-al D ^e^ c. 
28, '62 ; died Dee. 15, '64. 

Ball, Thomas C, enlisted Aug. 9, '62 ; musician ; ti-ansferred ^o 
V. H. C. Feb. 15, '64 ; mustered out July 19, '65. 

Cobb, William N., enlisted Aug. 6, '62 ; promoted coii)0'M"^ 
Sept. 25, '62 ; wounded Nov. 27, '63 ; discharged Marc^h 10. 'C^ -^. 

Corbin, Chauncy L., enlisted Aug. 18, '64; fifer; woun3.^^d 
Oct. 19, '64 ; mustered out May 22, '65. 

Davis, Frank B., enlisted July 14, '62; sergeant; promoted ^2<l 
lieutenant United States (colored troops Jan. 8, '64. 

Duttoii, Jasper N., enlisted July 25, '62 ; mustered out Jix » *^ 

Emery, Samuel II. K., enlisted Aug. 6, '62; wounded July * ^• 
64 : mustered out AFay 22, '65. 

Farnsworth, George II., enlisted Aug. 6, '62 ; discharged Mar"C?^^ 
18, '63, for disability. 

Harlow, Austin, enlisted July 15, '62; died Fed. 23, '64, o^ 
disease. 

Ilerrick, Elijah J., enlisted Aug. 6, f)2 ; promoted corporal 
April 17, '63 : i^romoted sergeant March 6, '64 ; mustered out 
June 22, 'ijiy. 

Holmes, Horcatio M., enlisted Dec. 15, '63 ; wounded Oct. 19, 
'64 ; mustered out Jime 19, *65. 

Howe, Jonathan C, enlisted July 15, '62 ; promoted corporal. 
May 1, '65 ; mustered out June 22, '65. 

Hunt, Lucius T., enlisted Aug. 8, '62 ; captain ; wounded June 
3, '64; discharged Dec. 1, *64. 

Kirk, Reuben S., enlisted Dec. 19, '63; promoted corporaU 
March 4, '65 ; mustered out June 29, '65. 



^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 177 

Oliver, Charles, enlisted Aug. 6, '62 ; mustered out June 22, 
'65. 

Pease, Edwin A., enlisted July 26, '62 ; wounded Oct. 19, '64 ; 
miistei-ed out June 22, '65. 

Stevens, John, enlisted July 24, '62 ; wounded June 3, '64 ; 
transferred to V. R. C. Dec. 20, '64 ; discharged June 3, '65. 

Whipple, Frederick D., enlisted July 17, '62; died Oct. 14, 
'62, of disease. 

Whitcomb, Fmnk B., enlisted July 15, 'iVZ ; killed in action Oct. 
19, '64. 

Whitcomb, William L., enlisted Nov. 30, '63 ; mustered out 
Mav 13, '63. 

Whitcomb, George H., enlisted July 15, '62; musician; mus- 
tered out June 22, '65. 

Zuill, Francis, enlisted July 14, '62; promoted coii)oral May 
1, '65 ; mustered out June 22, '65. 

(K)M1»ANY 1. 

Wait, Oscar E., enlisted Aug. 11, '62: promoted corporal May 
12, '65 ; mustered out June 22, '65. 

ELEVENTH REGIMENT. THREE YEARS. 

COMPANY a, 

All)ee, Sila«, enlisted Nov. 22, '63 ; promoted corpoi*al Dec. 28, 
't>3 : promoted quarteiinjister-sergefint Jjin. 28, '64 ; taken prisoner 
June 23, '64 ; died at Andei-sonville, Ga., Sept. 9, '64. 

Barker, RoUo, enlisted Aug. 4, '63 ; promoted artificer Dee. 29, 
'63 ; tnmsferred to Co. li June 24, '65 : mustered out Aug. 25, 
'65. 

Barker, Samuel, enlisted Jan. 1, '64; tmnsf erred to V. R. C. 
Aug. 21, '64 ; miustered out Aug. 28, '65. 

Davis, Emerson E., enlisted July 28, '64 ; tmnsfeiTcd to Co. 
A June 24, '65 ; mustered out June 30, '65. 

COMPANY M. 

Bates, Charles L., enlisted Oct. 5, '63 ; transferred to Co. D 
June 24, '65; mustered out Aug. 21, '65. 



178 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Bates, George F., enlisted Sept. 20, '63 ; died Aug. 23, '64, of 
wounds received in action. 

Bisbee, James E., enlisted Aug. 3, '63 ; promoted corporal Nov. 
29, *i\S; transferred to Co. I) June 24, '65; promoted sergeant 
July 28, '65 ; mustei-ed out Aug. 25, '65. 

Chittenden, Linus O., enlisted Aug. 4, '63 ; promoted eorjKjral 
Nov. 29, '63 ; transferred to Co. D June 24, '65 ; mustered out 
Aug. 25, '65. 

Damon, John G., enlisted Sept. 26, '63 : pi-omoted eorjK)ral 
Sept. 12, '64 ; promoted sergeant March 1, '65 ; transferred to Co. 
D June 24, '65: mustered out Aug. 25, '65. 

Damon, Olcott, enlisted July 31, '63; wounded Maj' 18, '64; 
ti*ansferi-ed to Co. D June 24, 'i\ri : discharged July 26 for disa- 
bilitv. 

Dunl>ar, Henry, enlisted Aug. 31. '63; transferred to Co. D 
June 24, ^iyi) ; mustered out Aug. 25, '65. 

Hall, William D., enlisted Oct. 2, '63: promoted corporal June 
25, '64 : wounded April 2, '65 : discharged May 25, '65. 

Hayes, Edward, enlisted Sept. 4, '63 : discharged April 13, '♦>4, 
for disability. 

Murphy, John, enlisted Aug. 31, '63; transferi-ed to Co. 1) 
June 24, *65 : mustered out Aug. 25. '<>5. 

Robinson, John, 2d., enlisted Aug. 25. '63; taken prisoner 
Oct. 19, '64: paitloned Feb. 5. '()o : mustered out Ma}* 22, '65. 

Scott, John P\ enlisted Sept. 2r>. '63 : died June 10, 't»4, of 
disetuse. 

Williams, William F., enlisted Sept. 11, '63 ; transferred to Co. 
D June 24, '<>5 : mustered (mt Aug. 25, ^i]^}. 

Woods, George I)., enlisted Aug. 24, 'r)3 ; pi*omoted corporal 
March 1, '^}o : transferred to Co. D June 24, '65; mustered out 
Aug. 25, 'r)5. 

COMPANY A. 

Emery, Jerry li., enlisted Dec. 23, '63; mustei-ed out June 

8, r^ry, 

COMPANY I). 

Cook, Abram S., enlisted Oct. 7, '63 ; died Oct. 1^, '64, of 
disease. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 179 

TWELFTH REGIMENT. NIXE MONTHS. 
4 

COMPANY A. 

Sheldon, Chas. F., enlisted Aug. 23, '62 ; corporal ; mustered 
^^t July 14, US. 

(COMPANY I. 

Ball, Curtis M., enlisted Aug. 25, 'H2 ; mustered out July 14, 

Wetherbee, Enoch W., enlisted Sept. 10, '62 ; mustered out 
•*Ulyl4, '63. 

FOURTEENTH REGIMENT. NINE MONTHS. 

COMPANY H. 

Fuller, Asa T., enlisted Sept. 10, '62 ; promoted corporal ; mus- 
tered out July 30, '63. 

SIX'reENTH REGIMENT. NINE MONTHS. 

COMPANY K. 

Ayeis, Albeit, enlisted Sept. 1, '62; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Allen, James H., enlisted Sept. 1, '62; corporal; promoted 
sergeant Jan. 1, '63 ; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Blanchard, William B., enlisted Sept. 1, '62; sergeant; mus- 
tered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Benson, Henry E., enlisted Sept. 1, '62; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Bronson, Simon N., enlisted Sept. 1, 'r)2 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Burbank, Horace H., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Cai-mody, Thomas, enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; discharged May 5, '63, 
for disability. 

Cook, George S., enlisted Sept. 1, '62; mustered out Aug. 10, 
'63. 

Cook, Walter, enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Cutler, John D., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 10, 
'63. 



180 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Davis, Heiiry C, enlisted Sept. 1, '62; mustered out Aug, 10, 
'63. 

Gregg, George G., enlisted Sept. 1, '62; mustered out Aug. 10, 
'63. 

Heminway, Walter S., enlisted Sept. 1/62; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Hewey, Elbridge W., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; promoted corporal 
Jan. 1, '63; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Jones, Hillijird P., enlisted Sept. 1, '62: wagoner; mustered 
out Aug. 10, '«)3. 

Kenney, Frances F., enlisted Sept. 1. '62: mustered out Aug. 
10, '62. 

Kingsbury, George S., enlisted Sept. 1,'62: nuistei-ed out Aug. 
10, *63. 

Long, Fi-ancis, enlisted Sept. 1. '62 ; corporal ; mustered out 
Aug. 10, '63. 

Maitin, George J., enlisted Sept. 12, '62 ; mustei-ed out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Mason, Alvin C, enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; captain ; mustei-ed out 
Aug. 10. '63. 

Messinger, John W., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; sergeant : mustei*ed 
out Aug. 10, '63. 

Messinger, Homce, enlisted Sept. 1. '62; mustered out Aug. 
10. -63. 

Messinger. Zimri, enlisted Sept. 1, '62; miLstered out Aug. 10^ 
63. 

Messer, Uossandel J., enlisted Sept. 1, '62: mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Parker, Barney W.. enlisted Sept. 1, '62 : mustered out Aug. 10,. 
'63. 

Parker, M}Ton E., enlisted Sept. 1, '62; mustered out Aug. 10, 
(;3. 

Perry, Nathan, enlisted Sejit. 1, *»>2 : mustered out Aug. 10, 'H3. 

Putnam, Orrin, enlisted Sept. 1, '62: mustered out Aug. 10^ 
'63. 

Putnam, Sylvester, enlisted Sept. 6, '62 : mustered out Aug. 10^ 
'63. 



•i». 



•<». 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 181 

Sandall, Luther W., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
l ^> , '63. 

Rice, Flunk F., enlisted Sept. 8, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 10, 



Rice, Orrin, 2d, enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; wounded July 3, '63 ; 
"Mistered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Rogers, .William H., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; wounded July 3, '63 ; 

iistered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Rumiill, Levi, enlisted Sept. 1, '62; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Russell, Charles H., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
«, '63. 

Sexton, Thomas, enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug 10, 
53. 

Slack, William H. H., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
0, '63. 

Spaflford, Himm I)., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
XO, '63. 

Spaulding, Almon J., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
:iO, >J3. 

Stone, Norman B., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 10, 
'63. 

Taylor, Ai-thur C, enlisted Sept. 6, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Washburn, Pliny E., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; discharged April 
13, '63, for disability. 

Way, James P., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

White, Bartlett E., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; wounded at Gettys- 
burg, July 3, '63 ; discharged Oct. 31, '63, for wounds received 
at Gettysburg. 

White, Marshall B., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; corpoi-al: mustered 
out Aug. 10, '63. 

Whitsett, Robert, enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Whitmore, Adin P., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; promoted sergeant- 
major Oct. 23, '62; promoted 2d lieutenant, Co. C, Dec. 31, '62; 
resigned March 27, '63. 



182 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



Wilson, Henry P., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; musician ; musters 
out Aug. 10, '63. 

Wood, Heniy A., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustei-ed out Au^ 
10, '63. 

Woodis, John P., enlisted Sept. 1, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

COMPANY H, 

Allen, AdeU)ert L., enlisted Sept. 18, '62; mustei*ed oi 
Aug. 10, '63. 

P^airbanks, David, enlisted Sept. 18, '62; mustered out Auj 
10, '63. 

MeacliJim, Horace E., enlisted Sept. 1, '62; musician ; muster 
out Aug. 10, '63 ; re-enlisted in Co. H, 7th Regiment. 

Parker, Henry J., enlisted Sept. 1 8, '62 ; corporal ; muster^^ 
out Aug. 10, '63. 

COMPANY K. 

Albee, John H., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; mustered out Aug^— 
10, '63. 

Brink. Charles I)., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; color sergeant; 
mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Cook, Ahiiim S., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '68. 

Derby, (iranville S., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; mustered out 
Aug. lb, '63. 

Earle, Nonnan W.. enlisted Sept. 15, '62 : musician ; mustered 
out Aug. 10, *63. 

Ellis, Isaac, enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Ellis, Loiidas (i., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 : mustered out Aug. 
10, '63. 

Gi-aham, Lewis, eidisted Sept. 15, '62; 1st lieutenant; re- 
signed March 12, '63; died in Wadiington, D. C„ March 18, '63. 

Griswold, Thomas D., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '63 ; re-enlisted in Co. I), 9th Regiment. 

Harlow, Heniy, enlisted Sept. 15, '62; sergeant; mustered out 
Aug. 10, '63. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 188 

Herrick, Albert D. L., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; musician ; mus- 
tered out Aug. 10, '63. 

Hemck, Charles G., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; mustered out Aug. 
10, '68. 

Henick, Russell S., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 
10, '68. 

Hewey, David A., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; mustered out Aug. 

10,'68. 

Hewey, Leonard E., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; mustered out 
A. rig. 10, '68. 

Holden, Hannibal S., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; tmnsferred from 
^<=>. I ; promoted corporal march 1, '63 ; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 
ilutchins, Orlando, enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; mustered out Aug- 
^O, '63. 

J--ockwood, Dexter B., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; mustered out 
^ ^^. 10, '68. 

-*^— ockwood, PVederick A., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; corporal; 
^^^^^^K^Moted sergeant Feb. 1 '63 ; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

-* — ockwood, Hoyt B., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; mustered out Aug. 
-^^- ^63. 

arkhui^it, David W., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; mustered out 
. 10, '63. 
afford, David F., enlisted Sept. 15, '62; mustered out Aug. 



^^ ^ '63. 

^5lade, Samuel F., enlisted Sept. 15, '62 : mustered out Aug. 
-^^^ '63. 



'arbell, James, enlisted Sept. 15, '62 ; promoted sergeant 
*^^^. 16, '63 ; promoted 2d lieutenant March 16, '63; wounded 
'^^^Xy 3, '63 ; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

"Whiting, Samuel, enlisted Sept. 15, '62; promoted corporal 
^t^E^y 1, '63 ; mustered out Aug. 10, '63. 

FIRST REGIMENT VERMONT CAVALRY. THREE YEARS. 

(X)MVANY E. 

-Allen, Albert W., enlisted Oct. 2, '61 ; re-enlisted Dec. 28, '68 ; 
P^*X)nioted corpoi-al Dec. 1, '64; promoted sergeant; mustered out 
^^^^^6 21, '65. 



184 HISTORY OF THE Ti>WN 

Clapp, Albert S., enlisted Nov. 1, '61 ; taken prisoner July 1, 
*63 ; [>ardoned same day; mustered out Xov. 18, '64. 

Gould, Hiram, enlisted Sept. 30, '61 ; re-enlisted Dec. 28, *63 ; 
transferred to Co. H June 21, '65 ; mustered out Aug. 9, '65. 

Gould, Franklin, enlisted Sept. 30, '61 ; taken prisoner Aug. 
30, '62: i>aroIed Sept. 1, '62; killed in action July 3, '63. 

Gould, Major, enlisted Oct. 1, '61 : re-eidisted Dec. 28, '63 ; 
taken prisoner May 24, '62; j)aroled Sept. 13, '62; wounded 
July 3, '63 : transferred to Company A June 21, '65 : miLstered 
out Aug. 9., '65. 

Gould, Amos, enlisted Feb. 9, '64 ; transferred to Co. A June 
21, '65 ; mustered out Aug. 9, ^(io, 

Hogan, James, enlisted Oct. 7, '61 ; died of disease Dec. 14, '«»1- 

Hogan, Michael, Jr., enlisted Oct. 2, '61 ; i-e-enlisted Dec. 28, 
'63 ; wounded and taken prisoner May 12, '64 : i>ardoned Aug. 13. 
'64 ; transferred to Co. A June 21, '65 : mustered out Aug. 9, *65. 

Holmas, John C, enlisted Oct. 16, '61; 2d lieutenant; iv- 
signed April 16, '62. 

Knight, George P., enlisted Oct. 6, '61 ; <lischurged Oct. 9, 
'62, for disabilitv. 

Parks. Lemister Milan, enlisted Oct. 12, '61; re-enlisted Feb. 
29, '64: pi-omoted coiiioral : jaonioted sergeant Jan. 1, '64: killed 
in l)attle near RiehmoiKl June 12, 't>4. 

Perham, Lafayette M., enlisted Oct. 23, '61 ; promoted corjX)i'al ; 
transfened to Navv June 6, '64 : discharjred June 2. ^i}iy. 

Parkhui-st. Oscar M.. enlisted Se[)t. 28, '61 : iv-enlisted Dec. 
28, '63 ; promoted corpoml Jan. 1. '64 : taken prisoner Oct. 7, '64; 
paroled Manh 10. '65 ; nuistei-ed out June 12, ^^yrt. 

Pond, William H.. enlisted Sept. 28. '61 ; i-e-enlisted Dec. 28, 
'63 ; tnmsferivd to Navy June 6, '64 ; pi-omoted coq>oral Jan. 1, 
'64. 

Rice, Benjamin, enlisted Sei)t. 25. '61 ; discharged Oct. 29, '62, 
for disabilitv. 

Sleeper, Charles T., enlisted Oct. 12, '61 : re-enlisted Dec. 28, 
'63 : taken prisoner June 30, '63 ; [mroled July 1, '63 ; trans- 
fen-ed to Co. A June 21. '65 ; mustered out Aug. 9, *6o. 

Smith. La Forest M., enlisted Xov. 28, '63 ; bugler; promoted 
chief bugler Jan. 1, '65 ; mustered out Aug. 9, '65. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 185 

Sparrow, William, enlisted Sept. 14, '61 ; saddler Co. I ; pro- 
:iot>ed saddler sergeaut; mustered out Nov. 18, '64. 

Stone, Edmund, enlisted Oct. 28, '61; re-enlisted Dec. 28, '63; 
ra^iisferred to Co. A June 21, '65 ; mustered out Aug. 9, '65. 

A^Theeler, Charles, enlisted Oct. 2, '61; promoted sergeant 
i4a.rch, 19, '63 ; taken prisoner June 29, '64 ; paroled Nov. 30, 
B4: 5 mustered out Feb. 6, '65, 

Williams, Heniy C, enlisted Oct. 12, '61 ; corporal ; promoted 
*ejrgeant Jan. 1, *64 ; mtistered out Nov. 18, '64. 

FRONTIER CAVALRY. 
COMPANY F. 

^yers, Albert R., enlisted Jan. 3, '65 ; mustered out June 27, 

>. 

Coffin, James B., enlisted Dec. 30, '64 ; mustered out June 27, 

T)amon, Aaron D., enlisted Dec. 30, '64 ; corporal ; mustered 
June 27, '65. 



Demary, George, enlisted Jan. 3, '65 ; mustered out June 27, 

Frost, Marshall P., enlisted Dec. 31, '64 ; mustered out June 

, '65. 

FuUam, Orville N., enlisted Jan. 3, '65; mustered out June 27, 
'65. 

Lee, iWUiam A., enlisted Jan. 3, '65 ; mustered out June 27, 
^65. 

Walker, George A., enlisted Dec. 30, '64 ; mustered out June 
27, '65. 

White, Edward P., enlisted Jan. 3, '65 ; mustered out Jxuie 27, 
'65. 

CITIZENS OF SPRINGFIELD WHO SERV^ED IN TIIE ARMY IN 

REGIMENTS FROM OTHER STATES. 

Bisbee, Charles E., enlisted May 7, '61, Co. D, 2d Massachu- 
setts Volunteei-s; mustered out May 28, '64. 

Brown, Valentine, enlisted April 30, '62, Co. G, 10th New 
York Volunteers ; mustered out April 30, '65. 



186 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Brown, liberty, enlisted April 9, '64, Navy ; mustered out J 
29, '65. 

Dodge, Lyman, Navy ; on board the Man of War " Cum 
land " when sunk by the " Merrimac." 

Doxey, John H., enlisted April 14, '64, Navy ; mustered 
April 17, '67. 

Dressell, Herman, enlisted May 28, '62, 11th New York ' 
unteers ; mustered out Nov. 27, '62. 

Ellison, Fred. G., enlisted Aug. 29, '62, 44th Massachus 
Volunteers; mustered out June 17, '65. 

Ellison, Osman S., enlisted Aug. 29, '64, 3d Massachus 
Volunteers ; mustered out Jxuie 17, '65. 

Frost, Charles 11., enlisted Sept. 1, '63, 2d Massachusetts 
tillery ; mustered out Sept. 3, '65. 

Grow, Simeon, enlisted Nov. 22, '64, Co. E, 26th Massachus 
Volunteers; miLstered out Aug. 26, '65. 

Greene, Hiram L., enlisted Aug. 29, '62, Co. F, 10th New \ 
Volunteers ; mustered out Aug. 2, '65. 

Gage, William, Co. F, 6th New Hampshire Volunteers. 

Hastings, J. Wood, enlisted Oct. 10, '62, Co. C, 16th 1 
Hampshire Volunteei*s ; mustered out Nov. 28, '65. 

Howe, Solon, 5th Battery New Hampshire Heavy Artillery 

Lovell, Bezaleel W., captain in 7th Michigan Volunteers. 

Nelson, John, enlisted. A ug. 1 5, '61, Co. C, 14th Regin 
United States Regulai^ ; mustered out Aug. 17, '64. 

Oglesby, Henry, enlisted April 25, '61, Co. G, 71st New \ 
Volunteer's: mustered out July 3, '64. 

Pierce, Edward E., enlisted Aug. 2, '64, Co. H, 14th 1 
Hampshire Volunteers; mustered out July 8, '65. 

Putnam, W. H. H., enlisted Nov. 28, '61, Co. E, 6th ] 
Hampshire Volunteers; sergeant major; mustered out Dec. 2, 

Spurr, Otis P., enlisted Sept., '61, Massachusetts Regime 
Bjind ; mustered out '62. 

Stafford, James H., enlisted Oct. 19, '61, Co. I), Kansas < 
airy ; mustered out April 29, '62. 

Stickney, A. W., enlisted Sept. 13. '64, Co. B, 18th New Hj 
shire Volunteers; mustered out June 17, 'i'yiy. 



OF SPRINGFIKLl), VT. 187 

^\'^hipple, Charles F., enlisted March 3, '62, Co. M, 2(1 Wiscon- 
sin Cavalry ; mustered out Nov. 15, '65. 

Whitcomb, Lincoln L., enlisted July, '64, Co. A, 8th Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers; mustered out Nov. 10, '64. 

SOLDIERS* HOUXTIES. 

Atasi)ecial town meeting held June 8", 1861, the town voted 
unaiiimoasly to assume the liabilities of the subscribers to a 
certain fund raised and pledged to the families of the soldiei's be- 
longing to this town, who had enlisted into the service of the 
^oveniment, and to pay the board and expense incurred by said 
c«mi)any, thereby assuming all their liabilities ; also to pay for the 
uniforms of the drummer and fifer and of the commissioned offi- 
cers of said company, Wheelock G. Veazey, Frederick E. Crain, 
and H. W. Floyd. 

At a special meeting held Aug. 2, 1862, the town voted " to pay 
a bounty of fifty dollars to each person residing in this town who 
"^ enlisted, or shall enlist, into the volunteer service of the 
United States under the recent call of the President for three hun- 
^ired thousand volunteei*s, not exceeding the quota that shall l)e as- 
^^?ned, provided that no person who shall hereafter enlist shall be 
entitled to said bounty unless he shall enlist by the eighteenth 
^y of August instant." 

On Sept. 2, 1862, the town voted " to pay all the nine months' 
°^en that are enlisted, who are residents of the town, a bounty of 
<^ne bundled dollai-s on being mustered into service." 

Al«o it was voted to pay those who enlisted from this town to 
^^ Up the old regiments a bounty of twenty-five dollars in addi- 
^^^ to the bounty already voted to be paid them. 
*^t, A special town meeting held Aug. 15, 1863, the town voted 
X)ay those pereons drafted from this town, who shall enter the 
'^^ice of the United States under the recent draft, the sum of 
^ liundred dollai-s per year during the time for which they were 
^tied, and in that pi-oportion for the time they shall serve." 
''^t a meeting held Nov. 25, 1863, the town voted ''to pay a 
, ^^ity of three hundred doUai-s to such volunteer as shall en- 
®^ 5ind be mustered in under the hist call of the President, if they 
^ ^ M enlist before the first day of Januaiy next." 



188 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Dec. 22, 1863, the town voted "to pay those persons whob 
enlisted, or shall enlist, to fill up the quota of this town un 
the last call of the President of the United States, when accej 
and mustered into service, not exceeding twenty-nine men in 
whole, an additional lx)unty of two hundred dollars to the bo\ 
of three hundred dollars heretofore voted by the to^vn." 

On Feb. 15, 1864, the town voted " to pay a bounty, not exc 
ing five hundred dollars each, to a sufficient number of men tc 
the town's (juota under the present call, and that the vete 
already re-enlisted be included, provided that they can coun 
the credit of the town on the hast call of the President 
five hundred thousand men." That part of this last vote rela 
to vetemns who have re-enlisted, was subsequently I'escinded. 

At a meeting called June 28, 1864, " to see what measures 
town will adopt to enlist volunteers to fill the town's quota u 
any future call of the President," and " to see what bouni 
any, the town will authorize the selectmen to give to sue 
shall enlist and be mustered in for said town, or what authi 
it will give them upon the subject," it was voted, " That 
selectmen l)e authorized and empowered by themselves, or i 
agent or agents, to recruit in any state in the Union where 

mav lawfully recruit or enlist, a numl)er of men not to exceec 

•• •• 

town's quota, including the credit which the town already 
and pay such bounty as they see fit." 

Total amount paid by the town for soldiei's' bounties from * 
18()1, to August, 1864* *26,652. 

(JIIANl) AILMY OF THE KEPUIiLIC. 

^V post of the Grand Army of the Republic was institute 
this town Aug. 18, 1868, with eleven chai-ter members, nar 
II. W. Floyd, Adin 11. Whitmore, L. A. Pieree, Thoma 
Proctor, J. W. Hastings, II. D. Spaffoi^d, N. B. Stone, 1 
Hatch, George S. Cook, J. F. Stiles, J. C. Howe. 

This was tlie seventh post organized in the State, and 
named for Major Cliarles Jarvis of the 9th Vemiont, who 
killed Dec. 1, 1863, near Cedar Point, North Carolina; hen 
was known as Jarvis Post No. 7, Department of Vermont G. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 189 

Col. H. W. Floyd was the first Commander, and this office was 
successively filled by J. C. Howe, C. C. Johnson, W. R. Rowell, 
Oliver Dodge, Orrin Rice, 2d, and J. Wood Hastings. Over 
eighty comrades were mustered, but interest in the order gradually 
diminished, and the post became extinct in 1874. 

A new post was organized July 2, 1883, by chief mustering 
oBiceT H. E. Taylor, of Brattleboro, with the following named 
t'iarter members : — 

Nelson Parker, W. H. H. Putnam, C. C. Johnson, J. C Holmes, 
H. D. Spafford, A. O. Coburn, Liberty Brown, S. N. Bronson, 
C. C. Lee, H. W. Jenkins, Geo. H. Farnsworth, C. E. Bisbee, H. 
H. Burbank, Zimri Messinger, C. G. Herrick, E. Ct. Bloxsom, 
Solomon Lovely, J. A. Lamson, Cha«. F. Whipple, James H. 
St^ord, Simeon Grow, John Nelson, W. H. H. Slack, H. M. 
Carpenter, Wm. A. Le\vis, C. M. Ball, L. M. Cass, J. W. 
Hastings, A. W. Stickney, Thomas Sexton, William Sparrow. 

This was the forty-third post organized under the new adminis- 
tration of the order, and is Jarvis Post No. 48, Department of 
Vermont G. A. R. 

Wm. H. H. Slack was the first commander of this post and 

'^^Id the office until 1886. W. H. H. Putnam was commander in 

1886, H. H. Burbank in 1887, R. S. Herrick in 1888, 

^^illiam SpaiTow in 1889, A. O. Coburn in 1890, C. M. Ball in 

1891, A. W. Stickney in 1892, and C. C. Johnson in 1898 and 1894. 

I3ec. 30, 1893, there were one hundred and twenty-one members. 

The relief fund was about three hundred doUai-s. There were no 

siiHpended membei's. The post was the sixth in the State in 

Biemtership, the second in amount of relief furnished during the 

year, and the first in increase of meml:)ei-s, thiity comi-ades having 

teen mustered in in 1893. 

In 1894 this post took the initiative in the movement to secure 
proviijion for more attention to instruction in the public schools, 
^^ the histoiy of our country and the patriotism of the people. 

JAKVia RELIEF CORPS NO 6. 

•'^rvis Relief Coi-ps No. 6, auxiliary to Jarvis Post, was or- 
^'^xed Jan. 31, 1885, with thirty-one chaiter members. Mi-s. 
^^lliam A. Lewis was the first president, and served until Jan- 



190 HISTOKY OF THE TOWN 

uary, 1887. Mi's. H. H. Burbank was the next president. Sli-^ 
was succeeded in Januaiy, 1889, by Mrs. Amos Gould, who w^ 
excused from serving a second term on account of ill health, an * 
was followed by Mrs C. C. Johnson in January, 1890, who server 
two yeai*s, and in 1892 Mrs. Lewis was again elected. Mie 
Orrin Kice was chosen in 1893, and was succeeded by Mrs. Thomai 
Olney in 1894. The objects of this organization are the foUovi 
ing: — 

To aid and Jissist the Grand Army of the Republic, and t- 
perpetuate tlie memory of their heroic dead ; to assist such Unior 
veterans as are needy, and extend needful aid to their widows an- 
(nphans ; to cherisli and emulate the deeds of our army nurses 
and of all loyal women who rendered loving service to our couii 
try in lier hour of peril ; to maintain true allegience to the Unite" 
States of America ; to inculcate lessons of patriotism and love a 
country among our children and in the communities in which w 
live, and to encourage the spread of univei"sal liberty to all mar 
kind. 

The niembei'ship of this coq)s has steadily inci-eaijed, an 
although five of the number have answered the call to "goii 
higher,'* eight have l)een given ti-ansfer caitls, and eleven a: 
honomble discharge, there are now (1894) seventy-six memberfc 
Their chaiities have Ixien cheerfully l)estowed in all cases o 
need. The relief work in money and in other things, at a mone; 
valuation, amounts to over two hundred doUara. Cash givei 
to the \V. R. C. National Home, near Madison, Ohio, #18.37 
and cash and furnishings for the Soldiei>i' Home at Bennington 
Vt, *91.80. 

The corps has l)een of great service to Jarvis Post, and th 
success and prosperity of the post have l)een in no small degi*e 
the result of the encouragement and inspiration received from th 
Relief Corps. 

SONS OF VETERANS. 

Milan Parks Camp, Sons of \'etei-ans, was instituted in Marel 
1887. It is named in honor of Milan Parks, son of Frederic 
Parks, wlio was a sergeant in the 1st Vermont Cavalry; he wa 
killed in l)attle near Richmond, Va., June 12, 1864. 



OF SPRINGFIKLT), VT. 191 

The object of tlie organization is to honor and perpetuate the 
memory of their fathers who fought in the War of the Rel)ellion, 
to cultivate patriotism, aid the Gi-and Amiy of tlie Republic, and 
to develop in the memliei's the best type of American citizens. 
The camp is in god working order. 



192 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



CEMETERIES. 



It is i)rol)al)le that the fii-st burials in town were near the Crow» 
Point Road, some rods up from Connecticut River, above the^ 
house built by Col. John Barrett, now owned by the heirs of the 
bite J. M. Butterfield. 

The spot is now covered with a grovv^tb of pine-trees ; but a few 
rough stones that were used to mark some of the graves ma}^ still 
be seen. There was another burial i)lace on this old Crown Point 
Road, or near it, at Eureka. This wjis used for interments later 
than the fii-st named. It is said that soldiei-s in the old French 
war, as well as scmie who died in the Revolutionary War, were 
buried in these grounds. The tti-st burials at Parker Hill w^ere 
about 1703, and this yard is the resting place of many familiea 
which were prominent in their time. 

The second cemetery in town was that near Newell's stoi*e at 
Hubbard's corner, in Eureka, near the Crown Point Road. Most 
of the inteiTTients of residents of this then populous part of the 
town, up to about the year 1800, were made here. 

A part of the ground of the village (cemetery was given to the 
town bv William Lockwood, the tii-st settler at the falls. He 
deeded it to the town in 1798. Later it was enlarged by pur- 
chase of Samuel Cady, and l)y a portion of the Common. A few 
yeai-s ago the ground was carefully surveyed and a plan made 
with (jach lot and grave located and marked, and a good index 
made which is kept at the Town Clerk's office. This cemete^ry is 
well cared for, and the grounds have been improved and beautified 
from time to time by the town and by individuals donating for 
that purpose. 

It is in charge of three connnissionei'S chosen by the town. In 
1893, this ground having l)ecome filled, new ground was pur- 



OF sprin(;fieli), vt. 193 

cliased for a cemetery on tlie east side of Black River towards 
North Springfield on the Isaiic Fisher farm, once owned hy Hiram 
L. Hougliton, and lately known as the Eaton farm. Burials are 
now made in this ground. 

The cemetery at North Springfield was purchased by subscrip- 
tion in 181t). Burials in this partof the town were made jnevious 
to this near Jacob Lockwood's. This was called the Lockwood 
bui-ying ground. Many of the bodies were afterward moved to 
the new gnmnd. 

There is also a cemeterv on Connecticut River not far from the 
Walker homestead, which is still (1894) used for interments. 



194 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS IN THE VILLAGE. 



The i)e()i)le of Si)riiigfiel(l huvt^ always shown a commendable 
s[)irit of enlei'[)nse and liberality in milking the town attractive 
and convenient, and fnnds hntli pnblie and private have alwap 
l)een availal)le for tlie |)nr[)osi\ 

'Hie re-ni()dellin(( of the ehnrehes liius l)een elsewhei-e referred 
to. 

WOOLSONS IJLOCK. 

in 180S Aniasa AVoolson, Iloraee AV. Thompson, and Fred- 
erick Parks caustMl the old H rooks store to be removed, and erected 
on tlic site a tlnee-storv brick block, affording i*oom on the first 
rtoor for four huge stores. There is a printing ottiee in the hase- 
nu*nt. and banks and ollict^s in tlie second story witli Masonic 
Hall above. 

mijown's hlck^k. 

Brown's HliK^k was built by S(piiic liaker and Jonathan Martin 
in lSi)8. It stood on the opixisite side of the street adjoining the 
stage barns. Th(»y sohl it to Kdward Ingliam, in exchange foi' 
the st4ige busin(\ss. lie sohl it to parties in Miinieapolis, and thej^ 
sold it to J. W. Pien*e and (\ I). Brink, who sold it to Adnii- 
Brown, wlio nioved it across the street to its present location. 
It is of wood, two stories in lieight with basement, two stoivs-^^ 
on iii-st floor, and the upper iloors are used as t^^nements. 

KAinUANKs' BLOCK. 

in lHS!» Asahel l\ Kairbiniks built the block which hedLis hi.«^^ 
name, on the site of the store occupied for so many yeai'8 hy^ 
(reorge W. Porter. The building is of wood, three stories iit 
lieiglit, with two large well-lighted stores on the tirst floor. Tlii^ 



% 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 195 

second floor is occupied by the United Order of the Golden Cross, 
the Springfield Grange of Patrons of Husbandry, and shops, and 
the third by Jarvis Post of the Grand Army of the Republic, the 
Women's Relief Corps, and the Sons of Veterans. 

HOTEL ADNABROWN. 

The Springfield Hotel Company, built in 1893 the Hotel 
Adnabrown, elsewhere described. 

lelaxd's block. 

Smith K. Randel and George O. Henry built, on the site of 
Burke's store, a brick two-storj- block, with two stores on the first 
floor. In 1884, or a little later, Charles A. Leland & Son lx)iight 
the block and since then liave added another story, all of which, 
with, the basement, is occupied by them. 

CHASE BLOCK. 

In 1894 Mr. William Walker, representing the heii-s of Moses 
F. Chase, made extensive improvements in the Chase Block, for 
so many years the store of Jonathan Chase. The front was re- 
built and extended higher, and the interior remodelled, making it 
a credit to the village. 

COMMONWEALTH BLOCK. 

The Tontine was built of brick as a residence, by Isaac Fisher 

in 1812. It was quite a pretenticms looking building for the 

times. It is said that Mrs. Fisher's flower garden, on the south 

side, attracted notice and admiration. Since that time the building 

has experienced many additions, changes, and has had many 

different ownei's. The fii-st floor and part of the second has for 

many years been used for stores and oihces, and the hall in the 

upper story was for a long time used by the Masonic fmternity. 

John C. Loveland and his heirs and J. W. Pierce were for many 

years the owners. William Sparrow acquired an intei'est in the 

building, and in 1891 he became the sole owner. In 1894 he made 

a contract with the Commonwealth Club to lit up rooms for them, 

and made thorough repaii-s, from the foundation to the roof, of the 

whole building, fitting up an elegant suite of rooms for the club, with 



19H HrSTOllY OF THE TOWN 

electric lights, and all modern improvements, so that the building 
which had long needed overhauling, has come to be a credit ti 
the owner, the club, and the town. The name "•Tontiiie" wa 
dropi)ed and that of Commonwealth Block adopted. 

THE <'<)MM<)N WEALTH CLUIi. 

The Commonwealth Club was organized in 1894, under th 
State laws, a cliart^r Irdving been obtained from the Legislature. 

The objects of the club are the promotion of good fellowship 
intellectual improvement, and the general welfare of the town 
The club has rooms in Commonwealth Block, finished and fur 
nished with great elegance, with billiard, pool, card, and toile 
rooms, an upright Est^y piano, and is supplied with plenty o 
choice reading. 

The club has meetings for debates, recitations, and smoke talkia 
and liius already done much for the public good, besides causiuj 
the unsightly Tontine to ha remodeled into the Commonwealt] 
Bh)ck. 

The officers are (1805) Adna Brown, president; E. V. Burke 
1st vice-president; John A. Slack, '2d vice-president; Wm. A 
Lewis, 8d vice-president; P. J. Donovan, secretary and treas 
urer. Board of trustees: Adna Brown, ex-officio; C. A. Rich 
ardson, A. A. Maig, W. W. Brown, G. F. Leland, Geo. M. Witt 
Miles Smith. 

CKNTHAL SCHOOL BUILDING. 

At the March meeting in 18i»4 the town voted to instruct th 
school directoi-s to procnre a site and eivct a school building suitabl 
for the needs of the village. In compliance with that vote th< 
property of the late Frederick Parks and that of the late Danie 
Bice were i)archase(l, and a conmiodious brick building of tw< 
stories and l)asement is now (1890) In'ing erected. 

On the lii'st Ih^oi- are six schoolrooms, four wardrobes, am 
four rooms for tca(*hci"s. 

On the second floor is the high school room, with a recitatioi 
loom adjoining, two wai*drol)es, three rooms for teachei'S, a larg( 
music hall, and two rooms for the grannnar schools. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 197 

The third flooi hfis a gymnasium, laboratory, recitation room, 
and a store room. 

In the basement are rooms and closets for all grades, and the 
building is to be heated with indirect steam, 

SIDEWALKS. 

Por several yeare the village trustees have been making sys- 
tematic improvements in the sidewalks, and now many of them 
are thoroughly finished in concrete. 



198 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



GENEALOGICAL RECORD. 



[KXPLASATORY NOTE.— In these family histoHes ami genealofjlcal rcconlH tl 
name of the first person of ea<'li family who came into town, or whotie record 
written, iis given tlrt«t, and printed in small capitalfl. 

Names of the secoud generation are numbered with Roman numernitt. 

Namen of the third generation are numbered with Arabic numerals. 

Names of the fourth generation are numl)ere<l with Arabic numerals in parenthesc 

Namee of the fltth generation are numl>ered with Araidc numerals in l>rackets. 

Where no State is given Vermont la understootl. 

These abbreviations are used: />. for l>orn: d. for died; m. for married; re^t. f« 
reside, resides, resided; ch. for child, chihlren; num. for unmarried.] 



Adelbeiit L. Allen was b. at Wanlsboro, March 20, 1838. Atten( 
Spriugfi(»ld AVesloyaii Seminary; inomber of (^o. H, 16th Rogmient Verm< 
Volunteera. lie m. Ist, EmoHne A. Howe, <laughter of Eli and Po 

(Houghton) llowe; she d. . He ra. 2d, Dee. 14, 1865, Lavina Cc 

daughter of Silas and Sylvia (Frost) Cole of Ludlow; she d. Oct. 25, 18 
Ch. : 

I. Elmer A., b. Dee. 14, 1866. 
II. Emma A., b. June 24, 1868. 

III. Bertie M., b. Jan. 10, 1870. 

IV. RoUiu r., b. Dec. 11, 1872. 

V. Cora S., b. Jan. 8, 1874 ; d. Nov. 14, 18i)3. 

ROBEUT C. Allen, son of Robert and Eliza (Doolittle) Alleu, was b. 
Jamaica, Vt., Oct. 8, 1842; m. 1st, Jane A. Lockwood; she d. June 18, 18* 
m. 2d, Lucy C. Lcrokwood; she d. Nov. 7, 1868; m. 3d, Harriet M. (Chapmi 
Henry. Ch. : Ist marriage, Abbie J. 

Oren E. Averill, b. ; d. July 12, 1885; m. Lucinda A. Wooda 

daughter of Benjamin and Polly (Augell) \Voo<lard. 

Jonathan Allen was b. at Middletown, Conn., Jan. 10, 1782; Marcl 
1810, he m. Abigail Blrdsey of the same town, who was b. Sept. 20, 17 
They came to Springfield in May, 1810, and settled on the farm now ocoup 



OF Si'lUNGFlEUt, VT, 



191 



by the oldest «od, Itenaig B., wlilch hus been In the fninily eit;hl,v yciire. He 
w«B a farmer, anil was a juittkc ot the pi^ace foi- three years. He (l. July 33, 
IfOI. Abigail (Blrdsey) Alleo (1. A u^. 23, 1965. 'llielrvh. wei-e: 
I. Lucy M., h. Auk. 20, 1811. 
II. Deanls B., b. April 26, 1814. A titrmei' nnd i;Arpeuter. lie has fniiiied 
and raised over two Imnilred huildiugs and inove<lJ almut Hfty. 
tl&e served as lislei- .tni\ town );raii<l juror, Kud wne srleetniaii 
seven yeara, and liaa settled many estates. N'ov, 17, 1357, he m. 
Kiinnie Divoll of Weathcra- 
fti'ld, who il. July iS, 13A7, 
leaving oue son. 
I, Walter B., b. Si-pt. i;i, 



IB.'S. He 



Aliee K. 



Martin,Jan. 20, laSB, a 

(IJ. Claude M.,h. Jan. 
e, 1897. 
(2). Han-jD., h. Aii^. 

28,1888. 
'ITiey live on the old hoine- 

m. Emily A., I). Au|r. ;J, 

1R16. Lives with hcrl>i<>- 

ther, Denuls B. 

IV. Walter J., b. l»ec. 18, 

1819; m. Lydia Beuanl. 

and wuul to Wiseonsinin 

1S42. Now lives in lov:i. 

'ITiey have Ave eh. 

Jekehiaii .Vhiiutt (-anie 

to Sprintftleld about 1K0:> 

from (.'helnisfonl, Mass., aiiit 

located in the south part of 

the town. His Hite vvas 

Sally Farmr, and they had 

eight eh. : 

I. Olive, b. in Chelmsfoni, 
Mass., in 1801. 

II. James, b. in Spline- 

field, Vt., In 180:j. 




'■i^H-uM df. eMlon^ 



III. Mary Ann, b. in Springfield in 1805. 

'v! X"' I' '""'"' '■ "' ■'*"""«««"• "' '««' ■ 

VI. Emily, b. tn Springfield in 1801). 

VII. Jeremiah, b. in Springfield, July 41, IKIl. He lived on the home 
farm, where lie died July 13, 1986. He was a prosper<iU9 fanner 
and successful wool grower, noted for his industry, economy, and 



200 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

good judgiiieDt. He m. April 4, 1S39, Olive Metcalf of Gilsa 
N. H. Ch. : 

1. ElleQ, b. Jan. 26, 1842; in. Tyler Putnam. 

2. George, b. Oct. 9, 1847. 

'S. Frank, b. Oct. 14, 1853; farm«»r and auctioneer, res. on hoi 
stead; m. Sept. 24, 1888, Mrs. Alice ((''ook) Xourse, daugh 
of Seymour O. and Abiah ('ook. 

4. Lizzie Emma, b. 1858. 

5. Stella May, b. 1862. 

VIII. Rachel Spaulding, b. in Springfield in 1818. 

C.'ALviN Adams, son of Phineas and Rebecca (Gibson) Adams, was b. 
Ludlow, Vt., May 2^^, 1829. He m. (Caroline M. (Stowell) Harlow. (1 
Harlow family.) 

Eli Adams came from Stoddard, X. H., to Springfield in 1791 ; m. Heps 
Farley. Ch. : 

I. Anna, m. Abel Lockwood: she died in New York State. 
11. Joseph, b. in Stoddard, X. H., Feb. 16, 1784; d. April 13, 1844: 
Polly Goodnow. Ch. : 

1. Vianna, m. Samuel Houndy. 

2. Mary, m. Alpheus Dean. 

3. Sarah, m. J. C. Hall. 

4. Marietta, m. Asahel Wyniaii. 

^. Abel, b. Sept. 6, 1821, in Springfield ; ni. Susan Felch, daugh 
of Asa and Sarah (White) Felch. Ch. : 
(1). George H., b. Oct. 1, 1850; m. Dec. 2;», 1878, Cclina Damt 

daughter of Horace R. and Susan (Spencer) Damon. 
(2). Sarah J., b. April 1, 1852; m. Foster L. Piper. 
(3). Laura A., b. Sept. 22, 1S53; m. Allen Woodward. 
(4). Abby A., b. Sept. 6, 1855; m. John C. Eaton. 
(5). Edwin W., b. April 4, 1859; d. June 8, 1874. 
(G). Mary E., b. Sept. 26. 1860; d. Feb. 28, 1865. 
(7). John A., b. Oct. 30, 1S(>S. 
(8). Mary. 
(9). Marcia. 

6. Cyrus, res. in Bridgewater, Vt. 

III. Amos, d. at Charlestowu, X. II. 

IV. Sally, m. Henry C. Dana. 
V. Jessie, d. in Springfield. 

MoxROK E. Adams, son of Samuel and Fanny (Reed) Adams, was b. 
Rockingham, Sept. 11, 1854; m. March 14, 1876, Marian S. Lockwood, dau| 
ter of Dean a»id Salina M. (Howard) Lockwood. Ch. : 
I. EllHiworth M., b. Jan. 13, 1877. 
II. Bertha M., b. Sept. 25, 1879. 
HI. Carlton D., b. July 7, 1885. 

William K. Adams, son of Luther and Mary (Metcalf) Adams, was 
May 28, 1822, at Rockingham, Vt. ; m. April 23, 1850, Miranda Felt 
daughter of .Fohn and Mary (Walker) Felton. Ch. : 



OF SPRINOFIKLIJ, VT. 



1. Joho (j., b. Aug. '24, 1SIJ3; m. June BO, 18S6, Annie Kichmond. 

II. George G., b. June 33, 1855. 

m. Charleg W., b. Feb. -28, 1858;Iin. March 3. 1876, Flora A. Fletcher. 

IV. Lowell M., b. June -28, 1864; d. In lofftncy. 

Albf.BT Herriau Ai.i.be, the only sou of Klliry and Hauuah (Measer) 
AUbe, was b. at Westminster, Vt., Nov. 13, 1821. Atr<^r aCtendiog the 
district schools, he took an academical oooise at Walpole and CheBterllRld. 
N. H., and studied law with Hon. William C. Bradley, a prominent lawyer of 
bis native town. He was admitted to Windham County Bar in 1S43, and 
t>egan the practice of his pro- 
fessIOD at ^Vesfininater, but 
removed to Londonderry the 
same year. On nccount of ill 
health lie nas obliged to re- 
llDquish his practice in 184X. 
From that time until 1ST2 he 
wag engaged in various pur- 
SuitH. From 1852 until 1H55 
he wag in California, then 
was for six years engaged 
in farming in Westminster. 
In 1861 he engaged in husi- 
neM tn Fitch burg, Mass., 
which he contliiiieil until 
1863, when he returned to 
Ijondonderry and was con- 
nected with woollen manu- 
tacturp. lie resumed the 
practice of law in 1872, and 
iul874 located In Springfleld, 
where he has since continued 
the practice of lilsprofesgion. 
In 1856 he represented West- 
minster in the legislature, 
and also at the special session 
in 1867. He m. Dec. 30, 
1845, Mary C. Wait, daughter 
of Baruet and Polly (Kinith) 
Walt of I^ndouderry. She 
was b. in Andover, Vt., Aug. 
3, 182R. Ch. : 




si. 771. ^/U^ 



I. Alia Xell, h. at Londonderry, Jan. 12, 1850; ni. Dec, 2, 18G!»,"Frede 
IckW. Pierce, rh.: 
1. John Franklin. 
II. Cara Annette, b. at Ixindonderry, Feb. 7, 1852; m. May 5, 188 
Elmore S. Allbee, physician and surgpon, of Bellows Falls, ("h. : 
1, Angle Gertrude. 



202 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

III. Gertrude A., born at Fitchburg, Mass., Aug. 3, 1862; m. May 15 
1882, Alvjih C. Spencer of Sprin^lield ; res. in RosUndale, Mass. Ch. 

1. Grace Agnes. 

2. Blanch A. 

Horace U. Allbk, son of IToraee and Hannah (Herrick) Allbe, wasb. & 
Fairlee, Vt., June 26, 1821 ; m. Betsey Glynn, daughter of Benjamin N. an- 
Martha (Johnson) Glynn. C'h. : 

I. Martha, b. Aug. 9, 1844; in. Hiram VV. Todd. 
II. (Janiner H.. b. Feb. 26, 1846; m. Henrietta Sellick. 

III. Horace E., b. Sept. 1, 1852; m. 1st, Luella Taylor; she d. Dec. 24 

1883; m. 2d, Sarah (Pratt) Scoville. 

William H. Allhe, son of John and Sophia (Smith) Allbe, was b. i 
Kockingham, Vt., Jan. 31, 1810. Ho moved to Springlield and becam 
prominent in town affairs. Was for many years trial justice, and held othc 
positions of trust. He d. Dec. 29, 1878; m. Lucretia Johnson, daughter c 
Joshua and Hannali (Estabrook) Johnson of Kockingham. She d. in Spria^ 
field, March, 1895. Ch. : 

I. Gracia, b. Jan. 14, 1830; m. Emerson E. Brown. 

II. Elizabeth, b. June 19, 1834; m. Enos K. Adams. 
UI. William, b. Feb. 22, 1836; d. 

IV. Isadore, b. May II, 1841; m. Eugene S. Taylor. 
V. Jano O., b. Feb. 26, 1843 ; m. Curtis M. Ball. 

VI. Sophia L., b. March 12, 1845; m. Edward D. Wright. (See Wright. 

Benjamin Aldkich fame to Springfield from Westmoreland, X. H., i 
17S6, and located on the farm now owned by Thomas Merritt, whei*e he d 
aged 63 years. His wife was Susan Woodward, and they had five ch. : 

I. Benjamin, m. Hannah Coggswell, and lived on the homestead wit 
liis parents. He was a quiet, industrious man of strictly ten 
perate habits, and lived to be 94 years old. Ch. : 

1. Sally. 5. Susan. 

2. George. 6. Hannah. 

3. William. 7. Benjamin F. 

4. Joshua H. 
II. Ezekiel. 

III. Susnn. 

IV. Orpha. 
V. Polly. 

Nathaniel W. Andrews, son of John and Marion (Watson) Andrew 
was b. in the city of Dublin, Ireland, May 25, 1838. He came to Perkiusvill 
V^t., in 1856, and in 1858 moved to Springfield and began work in the office < 
p]llis, Britton & Eaton, manufacturers of children's carriages and toys. I 
has continued in the office of this company through all its changes, excc] 
two years of 1862 and 1863, which he spent in Ireland. He is now the boo! 
keeper of the \'ermont Novelty Works Company, and a stockholder in tl 
company. He m. in Dublin, July 0. 1863, Cathleen M. Payne, who was 1 
in Tralee, county of Kerry, Ireland. Ch. : 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



I. J. W. Roland ADtlrews, b. in SprtDgtteld, Oct. 7, ISM; in. AukusIk 
L. llanDJtwaj' ; ibe d. in Springfield. 
Kev. Selah Hoot Arms was h. at Deerfii-ld, Mass., Feb. 21, 1780. He 
pvtuate<l from n'illiams College and from Andover 'ITieological .Seminary, 
iwd was ordained at CiiveudiBli, Vt., in 1822. He wna pastor of the Congre- 
Rational tlinrch at Gwrton, Vt., from 1825 to 1831, then nt LivingstouvUle, 
^- Y., iiutil 1635. He then went to Whidham, Vt., where he was pastor 
until 1849, when he came to Springfield an<l bought the tnrm now omied b>- 
his sou, Henry M. Arms. He continued to preach an a Htipply In viirioun 
places; unlit his death. Nov. 7, 18B7. He m. Eli/.i Ames, l>. Feb. 21. 17flO, 
ibiugliter of Xathan .Amei» of Chelmsford, Mnsa. Ch. : 
I. Wlinam,h.inUraf- 






r, 182B. 
in firaf- 
ton, Vt., Aug. 7, 
1S27; d. May 5, 
18il3. 

■ II. Eltxa, b. til Graf, 
ton, Dec. 28,1828: 
HI. -lohii Mosely of 
Sprtngfli-lil. Maes. 

•V, (;eorKe,ii. tu Graf- 
ton. Dee. 12, 182!); 
inbu)ttueS!jtiiXc\v 
York. 
V. Fannte.li. Ill Wlnd- 
Ii:ini..lan.l4,1832; 
ni. Daniel God- 
dard, who d. Feh. 



VI. 



to, 11 



.iuWiDd- 







Kmily, 

ham, Nov. 15, 

13:);i: d. .Sept. 29. 

mu. 

I- Emily Maswell, b. 
at LlvingBtonville, 

X. v.. May 12' "E""* 

1835;d.atSpriDg- 

tleld, Mase., Feb. 4, 18li4. 
Xathun 1*., b. at Windham, .July 2, 1837; 

18GB. 
Ebenezer Bnrgess, b. at Witidhiim, March 13, 183!). He enlisted in 

the army, Aug. 12, 1862; d. Oct. 28, 1862. 
Henry Marlyn, b. in WIndboio. Aug. 17, 1840. In 1871 he went to 
New Mexico, and for ten yeiirs was there engaged in slock raising. 
In 1881 he returned to Npringfield, and has xinci- lived on the 
homestcid. He is extensively engaged In farm log, and prominent 



t Springtleld, Oct. 13, 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

in business and poHtlcal ittfnlrg. He represented Spriogfleld in tfa^^ 
Legislature in \8Si, aud wiis auperiaUndent of the dAir^ exhibit ».C 
Vermout at the World's Fair at Chicago. He has been presideD & 
of the Vermont Dairymen's Association tor several years; is ^k. 
member of the Vermont Board of Agriculture, and president of 
the Nntloual Congress of Dairymen, established at Cleveland. 0_ ^ 
lu 18M. He m., May 31, 1805, Sarah Jane Cloason, daughter oC 
Jndge Henry and Emily (Whituey) CloBSOn of Springlleld. Ph. : 

1. Jcssii' Closson, h. Sept. 22, 186«; m. Arthur Whitcomb. 

2. Burdette I.oomia. b. .Sept. 27, ISUfl. 

3. (icfiTue Kboii, b. April 14, 1871. 
XI. Ellen, b. nt Windbaiu, 

Vt., April 7, IWa; 
teacher at Hilo, Sand- 
wich Islands; d. at 
Spring Held. 
Clinton W. Bailkv, b. 
Aug. 8, 18G0; m. Kate H., 
daughter of John Orriu and 
Mary SI. (Sleeper) (Bailey) 
Walker. He res. on the 
Orrin Walker farm. Ch.: 
I. Lena M., b. July 30, 
1883. 
11. Chouncey H., b. Se^. 

13, 188t). 
III. Annie Eva, b. Xov. 3, 
1891; d. Dec. 1,1894. 
liKV. Gkorge W. Baii.ev, 
son of Bradbury and Agnes 
(Marshall) Bailey, was bom 
InWeure, \.H., Inl8l6. H» 
removed from Weare with 
his parents when very 
young, and was educated at 
the academies at Cavendish 
and Chester, Vt., and the 
Union Scientific and Mili- 
BEv. GEO. w. B*iLEY. tary Academy at I'nlty, 

\. H., then in charge of A. 
A. Miner, since a uoteil clergyman of Boston. Mr. Bailey commeuced 
preaching iu 1830: was licensed and ordained by the Universallst de- 
nomination In 1840; settled first in Sprlagtield, Vt., from 1841 to 1847; 
then in East Bandolph, Vt., from 1848 to 1851 ; In I^bauon, X. H., from 
18S1 to 1860; iu Morrisville, Vt., from 18SG to 187C; since which time he 
has lived hi Spiluglleld without a pastonil chiirge. He has been honored by 
an election as represent arive to the Xew Hampshire T^lslature lnlS64aad 




OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 205 

1865, and to the Vermont Legislature in the years 1872 and 1873. He has 
been saperintendent of schools for about fifteen years in the different towns 
where he has lived. 'Fhe historian of the old church in Lebanon, N. H., 
where he was settled about fifteen years, writes of Mr. Bailey in the follow- 
io^ language : ^^ He possessed a well-cultivated mind, wrote excellent sermons, 
and delivered them in a calm and impressive manner. He was also remark- 
able for his order and adaptation in all his services, and as a man and 
a preacher he stands among the first of the denomination. '' Mr. Bailey m. 
Ist, Martha B. Dow of I^owell, Mass. ; 2d, Mrs. Hannah H. Brown of Spring- 
field. Ch. : 

I- George Byron, b. in Springfield in 1842. 

>rii.i.ARi) Bailey, son of Christopher and Hep/ibah (Haywood) Bailey, 
was b. in Topsham, Vt., April 11, 1826; m. Lucia M. Allbe, daughter of 
Obadiah and Lephe (Greene) Allbe. 

Sc^uiRE Baker, son of Squire and Fanny (Torrey) Baker, b. at Windham, 
Vt., >£ay 19, 1828. Was for some years owner of Springfield staging; now 
pnga^ed in farming. He m. March 11, 1857, Charlotte M. Piper, daughter 
of Perry B. and Sarah A. (Haywood) Piper. Ch. : 

I - Ida A., b. Dec. 25, 1858 ; m. Albert A. Maguire. Ch. : 

1. Mabel. 

2. Grcorge. 

II. InezL., b. Sept. 15,1863; m. June 27, 1888, Fred K. Nichols. 

C^i-^iiTis M. Ball, son of Mark and Elizabeth Ball, was b. at Athens, Vt., 
Jttly 8, 1843; served in the avil War in Co. 1, 12th Regiment Vermont Volun- 
^"*; m. Aug. 12, 1872, Jane Allbe, daughter of William H. and Lucretia 
(Johnson) Allbe ; res. in Springfield. 

^'^ANKLIN P. Ball, son of Abraham and Hannah (Edwards) Ball, b. in 

Ath«?t,8^ Vt., May 2, 1829; came to Springfield in 1851, and engaged in the 

™*>^ufacture of scythe snaths, and continued in the business, with various 

P*»'taers and different firms, until the shops were burned in 1882, when he 

™^^ed the business to Bellows Falls, where he is still carrying it on under 

Jhe tirm name of Derby & Ball. During the thirty years that Mr. Ball was 

^ Springfield he was active in all enterprises to promote the public good. 

^^ Mas a member and one of the principal supporters of the Methodist 

^hurch^ a trustee of the Wesley an Seminary, and was largely instrumental 

^^■uring a fund for the Public Library, having at all times the respect and 

P^dence of his associates and the community. He was a representative of 

■*'* town in the State Legislature in 1866 and 1867; representative from 

^^clcingham in 1888, and in 1892 was senator from Windham County. He 

Z^' ^y 23, 1852, Margaret L. Wilson of Cambridgeport, Vt., who d. Jan. 2, 

^^» He m. 2d, July 21, 1857, Elizabeth Meacham, daughter of Asa Meacham 

^' Springfield. Ch. : 

I. Margaret E., b. July 3, 1861; m. Nov. 30, 1881, Herbert I). Kyder, who 
graduated from Dartmouth College in the class of 1876, and was 
principal of the Springfield High School for several years, and 
later of the High School at Bellows Falls six years. He studied law 



206 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

with J. W. Pierce of Springfleld. was admitted to Windsor County 
Bar in 18S0, and is now iu the practice of his profession at Bel- 
lows Falls. Oil. : 

1. Jessie E., b. Feb. 18, 1884. 

2. Margaret S., b. April 26, 1885. 
;S. Helen W., b. June 27, 1887. 

4. Charlotte D., b. Sept. 4, 1889. 
II. George F., b. Aug. 10, 1863; engaged in insurance business tt 
Bellows Falls. 

III. Everett M., b. Dee. 15,1864; graduated from Wesleyan University, 

Middletown, Conn., iu the class of 1886, and was appointed Pro- 
fessor of Rhetoric and Natural Science in St. Augustine College, 
California. He d. at Benicia, Cal.. March 20, 1888. 

IV. Winnie E., b. Oct. 3, 1867 ; m. Dec. 27, 1894, liev. J. Narramore. 

James S. Balch, son of Clark and Sabrina (Sheldon) Balch, was b. 
March 28, 1853, at Chester, Vt.: ni. Dec. 12, 1871, p:ila P. Perry, daughter 
of Jarius C. and Sarah (Bigelow) Perry. Ch. : 
I. Clarence J., I). Oct. 20, 1876. 
II. Elmer F., b. March 14, 1881. 

III. Mabel E., b. Jan. 14, 1883. 

IV. Maitlaud J., b. April 17, 1884. 

Jennisox Barnard, born at Worcester, Mass., May 1, 1773, son of Jonathan 
and Abigail (Gould) Barnartl, and grandson of Dea. Isaac Barnard, w^ho was 
born in VV^atertown, Mass., and later settled in Grafton, then Sutton, aud 
finally in 1770 in Worcester, where he was buried, in 17S8, in a churchyard 
which, some fifty years ago, had its stones laid flat, was levelled, graded, aud 
mapped, and by vote of the town made into a park or common, near the centre 
of the city. Said Jeimison came to Springfield with Lewis R. Morris, who 
was an intimate friend, to investigate land of which Morris had recently be- 
come possessed. They were so pleased with the location and the soil that 
they decided to locate hert?, aud selected lands which two squatters from 
Edinburgh, Scotland, had improved, l)eiug parts of the present Barnard and 
Miller farm, and the Morris farm. About forty acres had been cleared, and 
a log-house erected northwest of Open Ridge place, with a barn w^here the 
present saw shed stands. Morris and Barnard agreed to decide which should 
have the hill farm and which the meadow, by tossing a copper. The hill farm 
fell to Barnard, and then included nil of the south end of the Miller farm. 
Apple-trees grown by the Scotchmen, from seeds brought across the sea, are 
still standing. 

Jennison Barnard located here about 1790. Soon after he erected the old 
Barnard house, which was burned on the night of April 10, 1889. Tliis was 
an old-fashioned mansion, built in a most substantial manner, by Dea. 
Hawkins. It had three large chimney stacks of brick made on the farm, 
with large open fireplaces on every floor. After the fire the family removed 
to the house called Open Ridge place, erected by E. Wellman Barnard, 2d, 
in 1875, 1876, where they now reside, lie married Nov. 23, 1796, Lucy, 
daughter of Levi Nichols. Ch. : 




't'-t^'^^r^ ^^^-t'^-t^^^'t^ty 



OF SPRINGFIELD. VT. 




208 



HISTORV OF THE TOWN 



I. Lucius, b. Sept. 10, 1707 ; d. Oct. 16, 185(1 ; iii. 1830 Abigail Holpit 
.luly IH, 1874. Ch. : 
I.George, b. Feb. :i3, 1821;d. Feb. 22, 18S2. 

2. Mary, b. Juae 6, 1822 ; d. 1624. 

3. Frederick G., b. Dec. 7, 182J; member of the 16th; Vermont 

Voluutecrs; dow in Soldiera' Home, BeoDiiigtoD, Vt. (189 

4. Isaiic E.. li. Aug. 22, 1825; d. Marvh lit, 1875. 

5. Lucy SLirU, b. Oct. 17, 1827; ra. Felix E. Myers. Ch. : 
(I). (iCorgliiiinAC, b. Oct 5,1843; m. Elmer Hewett. 

(2). Ed«ardi 
July 19 
(3). Emma . 

[1]. Eddie, 

[2]. Ellie, 

(4). Elk Mi 

Oct. 20 

LI]. Alice, b. 

1S72. 
[2J. Walter, 

1877 ; c 




VILUAM C. B*RN*RO. 



b. June a 

llRttie 1 

(7). G-wgeW 



{S). FniiililiuG., I>. March 8, 1864. 
(9). Hubert William, b. May 20, 1871. 

6. .lohn P. W., b. Sept. 12, 1820; m. April 8, 1852, Callsta S. Dav 

7. J,evi H, b. Xov. 8., 1831 ; m. Nov. 8, 1854, Mary Add Sears. 

8. Abbie,b. Sept. 21, 181)3 ; m. John Liiugvkorth. 

9. Juliette, b. Jan. 10, 1336 ; d. iu Intaticy. 

10. Wiliiam C, b. Jan. 6, 1838; m. Aiioie L. Cliase. He was one oi 
sent out i(y Eli Thayer, of Worcester, Mass., in 1856, to prote 



OF SPBIXGFIF.I-D, VT. 



from " border rufllans " und muki^ her a free Stnte. He nas there - 
through the Btrug|i;le, aod was wounded in the coiitest . In 1860 he wns 
inhnsluesB in Richmond, Va., and was pressed into the Coufedernte 
Anny, but escaped and came North. He located iu Worcester, Mass., 
m 1S69, and built up the village of Itarnardville, so culled. He manu- 
lacturea asphalt emery wheels, which he loveDted, aod for which he 
has patents. He also has several other patents. He has published a 
work oti the art of designing aod man u fact uriog woollen cloth. Ch. : 
CI). Annie Chase, a student Iu WcJl^sley College. 
C3). JohnEvarts. * 

C3). Edward Hacv. 
11- Sarah K., h. Jao. 2, 1840; m. William M. Sear.t. 

12. Sylvauns, h. Feb. 3, 1842; member of 7th Veimont Reghnvnt Volunteers, 
woiinded at Raton Rouge; d. Nov. 4, 16112, In Marine lliispilal at New 
Orleans. 
1=*. .\nllB, b. Feb. 16, 1845. 

.Sis of the sons of Lucius, namely, George, Frederbk, Isnac, John, Levi, 
and Sylvanus were Tolunt«er soldiers iu the Union Army, iiud all exiiept 
Sylvanus, who died of fever at New Orleans In 1862, aeived through Iho 
^^ar. Isaac died In 1876 from disease cHused liy exposure in the army. 
"- Cieorge Gould, b. Oct. 12, 
1799; d. Feb. 12, 1803. 
He lived on the Bragg 
place ftiar years, then 
pan-hased the Dr. Cobb 
farm (France place), 
where he lived eight 
yrard. He then le- 
moved to Manchester, 
uhere he owned a large 
farm and a tract of 
mountain land and a 
marble qunrry in Dor- 
set, and was i very suc- 
cessful farmer. He built 
the brook road from 
Eureka to the village, 
receiving therefor a 
dollar a roil. The last 
years of his Itle were 
passed on the farm 
where he was born, and 
here he died ut the age 
of ulnety-three years, 
having reiAloed his ac- 
tivity both of body and 
mind up to a short timi- 
Wore his death. He qeorge G b*hn*rd. 




210 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

was a man of a ver}*^ genial disposition and social qoalitie 
possessed of a ready wit and beloved by all who knew him, wt 
affectionately called him " Uncle George/' He m. April U, 182 
Mary, daughter of Dea. Hawkins. Ch. : 

1. George Nichols, b. May 16, 1825; d. July 28, 1848. 

2. John Jennison, b. Dec. 23, 1827; res. in 8t. Allmns. 

3. Gates Hawkins, b. Oct. 18, ISU; resw in New York City. 

III. Henry, b. Sept. 10, 1801; d. Nov. 17, 1873. At the age of fourtee 
Harry, as he was called, went to live with his uncle, Jonathj 
Steele of Elizabethtown, N'T Y. Later he attended the Eure 
School, famous for educating so many prominent men, and aft< 
wards recited to Rev. Robinson Smiley, and attended the Chest 
Academ}'. With a taste for reading, he acquired, after his schc 
days were over, a mastery of history and mathematics, togetb 
with a fund of general information. While still a boy he w 
placed in the store of his uncle, Solon Lovell, at Cliarle^to^ 
N. H., and afterwards he was clerk for and then partner of Nath 
Wheeler of Grafton. 
In 1833 he spent some time in travelling by horseback and stage 
the then new States of Ohio and Illinois, visiting Chicago when 
was about the size of North Springfield. The fever and ag 
driving him East, he engaged at Troy, N. Y., in the grain a 
flour business, as one of the firm of Barnard, Stedmai & Sheld< 
About 1845 he returned to town to remain. He ran t\je pai>er ir 
and became interested in real estate. He was largely iustrumen 
in founding the National Bank in 1863, and contributed larg« 
to its success. He was its first president, which position he h< 
until 1869, and again from 1873 until his death. He carried in p 
son the $100,000 government bonds to Washington to be deposii 
in the treasury, and brought back the currency for circulati< 
He lost all his property' in the panic of 1837, but died with a hai 
some competence. He m. 1st, Dec. 15, 1830, Abby Hall of Gi*aft* 
who d. March, 18.33. Ch. : 

1. Sarah, b. Oct. 1, 1831 ; d. Jan. 6, 1853. 

2. Henry, b. Dec. 20, 1832; d. April 7, 1833. 

He m. 2d, Eliza, daughter of Isaac and Harriet (Johnsc 
Fisher. Ch. : 
3 and 4. Twins; d. at birth. 

5. Henry B., d. in infancy. 

6. Mary Eliza, b. April 1, 1851 ; res. at Grand Rapids, Mich. 

7. Alice Glover, b. Oct. 3, 1853; m. Sept. 2, 1882, (Jeorge H. Dai 

who is established in the furniture business at Gnind Kapi 

Mich. Oh. : 
(1). Henry Barnard, b. Sept. 2, 1888. 
(2). Howard Barnard, b. Sept. 2, 1888, and died. 
(3). , b. May 4, 1894. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



^11 



S. Henry F., b. Jan. 21, 1837. He graduated trom the Hampton, 
N. H., laBtltute, and later from the law dejuirtmeDi or the 
UDlversit^ of Hlchigaa. He U uow ii lawyer and largely iiiter- 
ested in real estate at Deuver, Col. He in. Sept. 3, 1891, 
Eugenia BufiUm ot Omaha, Neb. Ch. : 
(1). Henry Elliott, b. July 11, 1892. 
!'■. Isaac, b. April 13, 18IM ; d. Nov. 28, 1805. 

V- John JeDDison, b. Nov. 18, 1806; d. April 25, 1870. He fitted tor college, 

Md entered the classical 

d^rtmeut of the UnWer- 

<iiy ol Vermont In the fall 

•' '836, intending to fit for 

'he mintetry. Ill health 

"bilged him to leave col- 

'^before the completion 

"' his courae, and he en- 

fVoi in Ashing on Cape 

'■'"' for a change of 

clfmste. About 1834 he 

"eut to Michigan and en- 

*V«1 in farming on the 

""^ <»« the city of Kala- 

■•wc*. He taught the flrit 

"•"wl in that town, and 

tfter t»-,e Jcath ot hla first 

*ilel»*» returnedtoSpring- 

fcl'la.Ksdlivedouthehome- 

"*»d »nd on the Lewis 

Pl»<» <now C. U. Hub- 

l^f^'a farm). He after- 

lonla bought what la now 

the t»«me ot Amos Belk- 

"*P- "^-liere he d. He was 

™*ii «>:t reserved and studi- 

oui hj^dits, and was much 

'^P^oted. He m. 1st, 

'-'?*> Lydia Woodhuni. 

1. John S., b. Dec. 10, 1838. He learned Ihe litacksmlth's trade and 

worked wtih George Kimball. Latw he went to Nenbem, 
N. C., and is now located at Anstln, Tes., whei'e he is engaged 
In stocb raising and real-eslate operations. He is unmarried. 

2. Julia Lawrence, b. Dec. 2, 1S40. She is well known as a success- 

ful teacher, and now res. at Graud Rapids, Mich. 

3. William, h. April 13, 1S42. After learning fanning with his 

uncle, l>eTl N.. at the homestead, he started out to seek his 
fortune. He first engaged with A. J. Fullam as a canvasser in 
tlie stencil business in the early sixties. Soon after he struck out 
tor himself, aud worked among the soldiers' camps of the West. 




212 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

After many variations of fortune he went to St. Louis, where 
established himself in the engravinf^ business, in which he 
highly suceessfui. For some years he has been engaged in 
real-estate business as builder and renter, and is possesses 
many valuable locations in the city of his adoption, where 
has probably made the largest fortune of any one who < 
went out from this town. He m. Oct. 8, 1866, Donna 
Hurd of Indianapolis, Ind., who d. Dec. 8, 1893. Ch. : 
(1). AVilliam Lawrence, b. November, 1867; m. Katha 

Knight of St. Louis. 
(2). Pierce Butler, b. May 26, 1870. A teacher and newspi 

writer. 
(3). John Jennison, b. August, 1875 ; d. March 26, 1876. 
(4). Robert Hunter, b. July 21, 1877. 
VI. Levi Nichols, b. Aug. 23, 1809. He lived and worked on the ho 
stead until about 1835, when he went to Michigan and made m\ 
meuts in government lauds. On his return he and his broi 
Solon farmed on the homestead until 1847, when he went to ( 
nish, N. II., and resided tliere some four years, when he retui 
to the home farm, where lie now resides. He has always be< 
hard-working and practical farmer, an expert with all the t 
used on a farm, and has retained gn»at activity up to his pre: 
age of 85 j^ears. There were few men who could mow as 8m< 
and wide a swath and keep up with him when 80 years of age. 
In early life he taught school on the Common and other school 
town. He has always been a great reader and well versec 
passing events. He was one of the founders of the First Nati< 
Bank, it being at his suggestion that his brother Henry first h 
the initiatory movement for the establishment of the same, he 1 
ing received private information and a draft of the new banking 
from his friend, James Brooks, chairman of the Committet 
Finance of the National House of Representatives. The app] 
tion was said to be the first sent from Vermont and the second 
the United States. He m. July 19, 1849, Eliza, daughter of Is 
and Mercy (Cotton) Wellnian of Cornish, N. H., and grand-daug 
of the Rev. James Well man, D, D., the first settled minister of 
towns of Windsor and of Cornish, N. H., and who was previoi 
the first pastor of the Second Congregational Church of Sui 
(now Millbury), Mass. 
^Irs. Barnard who died here on the same night and in the same h< 
as George G., at the age of 84 years, was a woman of sterling qi 
ties, and won for herself the highest respect of all who knew 
Ch.: 
1. Isaac Wellnian, b. at Cornish, Sept. 10, 1852, and whose n; 
was changed by an act of the I^egislature of 1878 to Eleroy \^ 
man Barnard, 2d. Concerning him the general catalogue and i 
plement of Kimball Union Academ}' has the following : " K. U 
1866-70, lectures at Dartmouth College, 1871, correspondent 



% 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



21S 



New York paper, apecliil curresponileiit for Hogtou ^JI^ Xeics ami 
member ot the educatioual party to Eiii-ope and tlie Worli]'!i 
Uolversal Bxpoaitton at VieniiH in 1873. CorrespoiiileuC and travel- 
ler for city paper in 1873-75 ; stationed at Philadelphia Centennial 
Exposition in 1876; Vertnunt manager of the Boston Evtiting Slar, 
I87S-S3; special correspondent and nmunger for the New York 
Daily (Iraphic, and occHsiouiil corrcsponiieni and farming, 1885-00. 
During this period Mr. Barnard has visited muuy lands and taken 
part in many notabli- gatherings. His vivid description of the 
condition ot Paris after the great siege was extensively quoted." 
VII. Lucy Maria, h. Mareh 

(i, 1812; d. Jan. 15, 

lS.12;m.Oct.7,I835. 

Dea. Ashbel Steele. 

(See Steele.) 
VIH.iFrederlck, h. Feb. 14, 

1816: res. at Syca- 



, III.; 



. l!>t 



Susan, daughter of 
David Brown, who 
d. 18ai;m. 2<i, Am- 
anda M. Cotton. 
Ch.r 



. Ilattie, h. Jui 



27, 




IX. Solon, b.Sept.14,1817; 

d.Sept. 11, 1840; m. 

Sept. 28, 1812, Abhy 

Davis, who m. Aug. 

23, 1854, Dea. I'erry 

Haskell ot Ascutney- 

ville. Ch.: 

1. Emma E., h. May, 

184e; d. Feh. 14, 

1854. 

Jonathan B a k n a ii u 

(^me here with his son 

Jennison and lived with him 

until his death In 1820. He franklin barney. 

lell while walking throngli 

a ryeileld, and being old and vety teelile was nnable to rise, and died there. 
It was many days ,aud only after a protracted organized search by the 
neighbors that his body was found. 

FrankliK Barnkv, son of JetlVey A, and Harriet (Ewing) Barney, was h. 
In Shrewsbury, Oct. 30, 1829. His fatlier was a farmer, and he lived on u 
farm until twenty years of age, receiving only what education the common 
schools atTordetl. He then engaged in quarriing granite tor abutments and 
piers for railroad bridges. In the fall of 1850 he aprenticed himself to Orlu 



214 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Taylor of Clarendon Springs to learn the trade of marble worker. Later 
worked for Chester Dunkley of Claremont, N. II., and other marble work« 
III 1861 he bought the business in Springfield of Henry Uarlow, and has c 
tinned it until the present time, having been successful in every way. He 
Xancy A. Kogers of Springfield. Ch. : 

I. Jeffrey RoUa, engaged in the shoddy business at Claremont, N. H. 

II. Franklin, Jr., b. Jan. 7, 1860; learned the marble worker's tr 

with his father; is now electrical engineer and saperintenden' 

Springfield Electric Light Works. He m. Sept. 5, 1882, J 

Hayes, daughter of Dennis and Mary Hayes of Ludlow. Ch. : 

1. Daniel Rogers, b. Sept. 24, 1883. 

2. Frank Millard, b. Aug. 15, 1885. 

3. Phyllis May, b. July 19, 1892. 

III. Lund Rogers, ni. Kate Wood. 

IV. May Louisa, m. Herbert Pond, of the firm of Pond, Gridley & i 

hardware merchants; res. in Springfield. 
V. Jennie Tower, b. April 1, 1875. 

Aakon Barrett was b. in Ludlow, but came to Springfield about 1; 
He lived in a secluded place on what is known as " Scrabble •' Brook, on 
road leading to Parker Hill. He used to dig gold from this brook, and ' 
often seen upon the streets and at public gatherings exhibiting specimeni 
^' Springfield gold," pometinies selling a fine specimen for a good pr 
Gold has been found in this brook in small quantities by others, but ] 
Barrett, by his fabulous tales, would be supposed to hold the key to 
largest deposits. He died Sept. 18, 1888. His wife was Susan Graves, v 
d. Feb. 13, 1875. Ch. : 

I. Stillman L., b. Feb. 13, 1836; ni. 1st, Lucy (Beckley) Hatch; 
d. Jan. 10, 1884; m. 2d, Maria E. Flanders, daughter of Stepl 
and Theda (Sanderson) Flanders. 

Moses S. Barrett, sou of Robert and Abigail (Smith) Barrett, b 
Cavendish, Aug. 12, 1817. He was for many years a resident of Springfi 
a manufacturer and dealer in lumber, running a mill and shop on what 
the paper-mill site at the upper dam. He was a man respected and belo 
bv all. He m. March 1, 1841. Sarah C. Smith of Plvmouth. In 1893 Mr. 
Mrs. Barrett went to California to live with their children, and he d. ther 
1893. Ch. : 

I. Emma M., b. Jan. 3, 1844; m. Dec. 10, 1866, Xoah Wooley. 
11, Orbau J., b. Jan. 25, 1847; m. Etta Pierce; res. in California. 

III. Jennie B., b. July 7, 1S55; m. ; res. in California. 

COL. John Barrett, b. in Boston, Mass., Deo. 7, 1731, was son of J 
and Rebecca (Collins) Barrett. He m. June 19, 1755, Elixabeth, daughte 
Thomas Edwards of Boston, a descendant of the Thomas Edwards who 
an original proprietor of the town of Dunstable, Mass. He moved to Mid 
town. Conn., about the time of hi'» marriage, where he lived until about 1' 
engaged in trade. In 1771 or 1772 he moved to Springfield and located 
the Blockhouse farm, afterwards owned by Judge Whipple, and now belong 
to J. M. Butterfield's estate. He at once built the house now standing, whid 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 215 

occupied until his death, Dec. 3, 1806. It was quite a pretentious house for 
the times. At a proprietors' meeting, Nov. 10, 1762, the above lot was voted 
or granted to Gideon Lyman; and March 2, 1771, Lyman and otiiers deeded 
this and many other lots to Gale Bishop and John Barrett. Bishop conveyed 
his interest to Gideon Lyman and others, Dec. 2, 1772; and they con- 
veyeii to Stephen Ward, who conveyed to Richard Morris, Feb. 22, 
1773 ; and Morris, by deed dated Feb. 22, 1773, conveyed the same to John 
Barrett. ITiis tooli place partly under the original charter. When the 
contlrmation charter was obtained from New York in 1772, Col. Barrett was 
named as an original proprietor. ITiese transactions and many others show 
tliat tliere was in those days a great deal of trading in land. He owned a 
^i-eat deal of land in Skitchewaug meadows, in Black IMver meadows on both 
jsides of the river, timber lots, and pasture lots a gristmill and sawmill. 
His real estate was appraised after his death at $22,500. 

Col. Barrett was a very active and influential man in the business affairs 
of the town and Colony. He took an active part in the stirring times growing 
out of the contest over the New Hampshire grants. He was captain in Col. Seth 
Warner's regiment, and was at Ticonderoga, and in 1776 w^ent on the (Quebec 
expedition. The pay roll of his company at that time bears the following 
names : — 

John Barrett, captain. ITiomas Edwards, drummer. 

William Dana, senior lieutenant. Abel Lyman. 

Jeiiediah Hebbard, sergeant. Eleazer Woodward. 

David Powers, sergeant. Barnaby Perkins. 

Samuel Remington, corporal. Asa Colburn. 

Ezra Perkins. Daniel Bliss. 

Nathan Durkee. Thomas Duncan. 

Elkanah Sprague. Daniel Wright. 

Nash Bugbee. Seth Johnson. 

David Wellington. Asahel Powers. 

Stephen Colburn. Timothy Spencer. 

Samuel Bailey, Jr. Pompey Green. 

David Hough. John Colburn. 

I^ter he was chosen lieutenant-colonel of the upper regiment of the 
Cumberland. He was a prominent man in town affairs in those early days, 
serving as town clerk, justice of the peace, and on most important committees. 
He was master of the first Masonic Lodge in Vermont, which was located at 
Springfield in 1781. In 1778, 1781, and 1782 he was representative from this 
town in the General Assembly, and was intrusU^d with importimt duties. He 
was one of the original members of the Congregational Church, and took an 
active part in its work. Col. Barrett was a worthy compeer of Simon 
Stevens, and like him contributed in no small degree to the prosperity of the 
town. He had four ch., all born in Middletown, Conn. 

I. John, b. Aug. 16, 1756. He entereil Dartmouth College, but left there 
and graduated at Harvard College in 1780; studied law with Benja- 
min West of Charlestown, N. H. ; located at Northfleld, Mass., 
where he practiced, and died in 1816. He m. M.artha Dickinson of 
Hatfield, Mass., and had four ch. : 



216 HISTOKY OF THE TOWN 

1. Mary, b. 1791 ; m. Woodbury Storer of Portland, Me. 

2. Aaother daughter, in. Franklin Ripley of Greenfield, Mass. 

3. Another daughter, m. Rev. Dr. Shepard of Bristol, R. I. 

4. Charles E., b. 1803. Graduated in 1822 from Bowdoin CoUege, 

and now lives in Portland, Me. To his son, George P. Barrett 

of Portland, Me., the writer is indebted for valuable assistance 

in preparing this i^ketch of the Barrett family. 

11. Thomas, b. Feb. 10, 1760. He was educated at Yale Ck>llege; studied 

surveying with Col. Simon Stevens, and after the death of the 

latter did most of the surveying in Springfield, besides being 

county surveyor. He was town clerk and selectman for several 

years, and was prominent in town afiairs, and much respected. 

He ni. July 2.5, 1791, Betsey, daughter of Lieut. Roger Bates, and 

live<l on the Cook farm, now owned by Henry H. Mason, north of 

Lincoln .1. Ellis's farm. He d. May 31, IS^iS. Betsey, his wife, d. 

Sept. 23, 18.50. 'Hiey had seven ch. : 

1. 'nioinas T., b. .Ian. 22, 1792. He graduated at the medical 

department of Dartmouth College, and studied medicine ^th 

Dr. Moses Cobb. He locattnl in Walpole, N. H., and moved 

from there to Chester, Vt., where he became a successful 

practitioner and prominent man. He was associate judge of 

Windsor Count v Court from 1845 to 1849. He m. Nancv Grout, 

and had three ch. : 

(1). Rock wood, b. Aug. .5. 18*20. 

(2). William G., b. Dec. 12, 1822. 

(3). .Juliette P., b. Aug. .30, 1826; m. Foster Howe. 

2. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 7, 1794: d. Aug. 10, 1875. Aunt Betsey, as 

she was familiarlv and aft'eetionatelv called bv the old and 
young of two generations, wa.* a noted woman in Springfield 
In her youth she attended school on the Common and In the 
famous school at Eureka, walking from her father's house 
above Otis B. Litchfield's everv dav, and fitted herself for 
teaching. She was a very proud, ambitious, and gay young 
lady, fond of parties and balls, and a great favorite with the 
young. About this time she made a visit of some length to 
her aunt, Mrs. McL<*IIan of Portland, Me. During this visit 
she became interested in religion through the preaching of that 
remarkable man. Rev. Dr. Edward Payson, and united with lus 
church. On her return she took a letter to the Congregational 
Church in Springfield, of which she was ever after an active 
member. She was for manv vears a successful teacher in the 
district schools. Never forming family ties of her own, the 
overflowing bounty of her loving heart found its recompense 
in doing good in the families of (»ther8. If she was a little 
domineering sometimes, she was a very pleasant and efilcieut 
autocrat, and most people were witling to submit to her 
wavs for the sake of her service. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 217 

Miss Barrett possessed a strong, active mind and a warm, sympa- 
thetic heart. She had the courage of her convictions, which so 
many of us laclc. To believe a thing was right and ouglit to 
be done with lier was to do it with all her might. It is related 
of her that a fire broke out on a Sunday in a building near the 
river, west of the falls bridge, and the men, not liking to wet 
their Sunday clothes, were very dainty in handling the water 
buckets. Aunt Betsey, seeing where the trouble lay, took a 
bucket and sprang into the mill pond where the water was 
waist deep, and, filling the pail, called on the men to pass the 
water along. 

In those days it was the custom for a large portion of the tax- 
payers outside of the village to pay their highway taxes in labor, 
or " work it out,'' as it was called, which was sometimes inter- 
preted to " loaf it out.'' Aunt Betsey, as the owner of the 
homestead, had a small highway tax to pay, which, in view 
of her small income and defenceless condition, she asked to 
have abated. This being refused, she declared that she would 
pay it as easy as the men did, and, when tlie neighbors in the 
district assembled to work on the roads, Aunt Betsey appeared 
promptly in the morning with her hoe, and proceeded to work 
out her tax. Now Aunt Betsey never knew what it was to 

• 

shirk, and she set the men an example of industry in " mending 
the ways' ' such as the}' were not accustomed to. The tire(i 
face with which she came into Mr. Litchfield's to dinner showeil 
that it was too hard for her, but she had no idea of giving up. 
After dinner thej' told her to go home and they would work 
out the rest of her tax, and the matter was in some way ar- 
ranged. 

She was a believer and earnest worker in the cause of temperance, 
when but a very few had the courage to take a bold and un- 
compromising stand against intoxicating liquors. Her heart 
was filled with sympathy with the oppressed wherever 
in the world they might be. She was an ardent antislavery 
woman always. So deeply seatcil was her .abhorrence of 
human slavery, that it was with reluctance that she was com- 
pelled to use any product of slave labor. She used to say> 
" Three things I hate, plants in houses, birds in cages, and 
slaves in chains." 

Her memory will be blessed to the last day of their lives by those 
who had occasion to experience the unselfishness and sweetness 
of her character. She d. Aug. 10, 1875, aged 81. Three days 
before, her sister Mary, a woman of exemplary Christian 
character, had also died. 'ITiey had lived together most of 
their lives. 

3. Mary, b. March 24, 1799; d. Aug. 7, 1875. 



218 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



> twins, b. May 20, 1802. 



4. Samuel, 

5. Sarah, 
Sarah d. Nov. 9, 1803. Samuel m. Sarah Blake of Boston ; moved 

early in life to New Orleans, La., where he became a noted 
cotton dealtr; w^as mayor of the city; d. Auf^. 24, 1888. 
«. George Washington, b. Aug. 5, 1804; d. Feb. 5, 1813. 

7. Sally, b. Sept. 8, 1806; m. Jonathan Stickney Petteugill of Graf- 

ton ; they had five eh. : 
(1). Edward H., b. May 14, 1837 ; ra. Hhoda J. Wilder of Keene, 

X. H. ; lives at Saxton's Kiver. 
(2). Samuel Barrett, b. July 7, 18.39; m. Susan Olaggett ; moved 

to Tacoma, Wash. 
(3). John Adams, b. Nov. 23, 1840; m. Helen Bradford; lives 

in Grafton. 
(4). George Thomas, b. March 28, 184.5; d. April 10, 1867. 
C5). Sarah Elizabeth, b. May 12, 1847; d. in 1849. 

8. Nancy, b. Sept. 21, 1808; m. Oct. 20, 1834, Thomas Harkuess 

Smiley. (See Smiley family.) 

III. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 10, 1768; m. Kev. Isaiah Totter of I^banon, X. H. 

IV. May, b. Oct. 27, 1765; m. Arthur McLellau of Portland, Me. 

Leonid AS Bakry, son of Aldis and Luthera (Lovell) Barry, was b. in 
Rockingham, Vt., Dec. 29, 1844. His ancestors have been residents of Rock- 
ingham since 1776. He came to Springfield in 1875, and purchased the old 
Gen. Lewis R. Morris farm on Connecticut River, and lives in the old mansion 
which was built in 1795. Mr. Barry m. Jane A. Britton, daughter of Hiram 
and Sophronia (Blanehard) Britton. Ch. : 
I. Lena L., b. Dec. 21, 1877. 
II. Leon H. W., b. Nov. 8, 1881. 

PiiiNEAS Bates, son of Joshua and Grace (Lincoln) Bates, was b. in 
Hiugham, Mass., May 23, 1766. He was a descendant of the fifth generation 
from Clement Bates, who with his wife, five children, and two servants, came 
from England to Hingham in 1635. The other ch. of Joshua Bates wei*e, 
Levi, Zealous, Ambrose, Theophilus, and four daughters. Zealous and Am- 
brose enlisted under Gen. Lincoln, and were in the battle of Saratoga. There 
was long present in the Bates family a letter written by them after the 
surrender of Burgoyne, which read as follows : — 

'* We this day had the pleasure of seeing the British army march through 
the lines of the American army without their arms." 

(Signed) ZEALOUS BATES. 

AMBROSE BATES. 

Zealous Bates was the father of Dr. Joshua Bates, formerly president of 
Middlebury College. 

In 1788 Phineas Bates m. Alngail Lincoln of Cohasset, Mass., and with his 
wife and one child came to Springfield in 1790. ITiey were accompanied by 
his brother Theophilus, his wife, and two children. The two families with their 
goods came on a sled drawn by a 3'oke of oxen and one horse, and a deep 



■\ 




DAVIS SATES. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 219 

gQOw, badly drifted, made the journey very tedious. They were two weeks iu 
making the journey of one hundred and twenty miles. A few years later the 
oldest brother, Lieut. Levi Bates, came to Springfield with his family, and 
lived here until his death in 1832. 

Phineas Bates was chosen deacon of the Congregational Church in April, 
1811, and held the oflice until his death, Nov. 1, 1843. He was always known 
as Dea. Bates. Ch. : 

I. Anna, b. Dec. 17, 1789; m. 1810, Allen Bates. Ch. : 

1. George L. 

2. Daniel T. 

3. Mary Ann, m. George Woodbury. (See Woodbury family.) 

4. Catherine G. 

H. Davis, b. Sept. 5, 1792; m. Dec. 31, 1818, Rachel, daughter of Isaac 
Tower. He was a man of stalwart frame, of large ability, and of a 
*very genial and happy temperament, possessing in an unusual 
degree the social qualities for which the family were so noted. He 
w^as a man whom It was a pleasure to meet, always having some- 
thing to say that made life seem pleasanter and more endurable. 
Ch.: 

1. Thomas, d. in Mexican War. 

2. Samuel D., res. in Louisburg, Pa. ; a prominent business man, 

manufacturer of agrlcultunil and other machinery; State 
senator. 

3. Abby, m. Wood ; d. In Springfield. 

IlL Sally, b. Dec. 16, 1794; m. Oct. 20, 1819, Stoddard Tower. 
IV. Lincoln, b. Feb. 24, 1797; m. 1829, Margaret Mackay. 
V. Abigail, b. July 4, 1799; m. Dec. 12, 1820, Jacob Ellis. (See Ellis 

family.) 
VI. Sybil, b. May 10, 1802; m. Dec. 16, 1828, Ormus M. Whipple. (See 

AVhlpple family.) 
Vil. Phineas, b. Jan. 29, 1805; m. 1838, Nancy Sherwln, who d. Oct. 26, 

1854. Phineas d. In California, March 20, 1859. Ch. : 

1. Frederick A., b. May 2, 1843; m. Oct. 27, 1885, Luna A. Bowman; 

res. In Lowell, Mass. 

2. Charles L., b. May 26, 1846; m. 1876, Belle Dlxson. Cli. : 
(1). George F., b. Nov. 8, 1877. 

(2). Charles T., b. Oct. 8, 1879. 
(3). Harriet M,, b. Dec. 2, 1881. 
(4). Elroy D., b. Dec. 13, 1883. 

3. George F., b. May 26, 1846; enlisted Sept. 20, 1863, In Co. M, 

nth Vermont Volunteers; wounded Aug. 21, 1864; d. at Sandy 
Hook, Aug. '23, 1864. 

4. Isabella M., b. June 6, 1848; m. Aug. 3, 1872, Willis Benson. 

5. Harriet E., b. April 2, 18.50; res. in Springfield. 

VIll. Gracla, b. May 10, 1808; m. Nov. 10, 1829, John Chlpman. (See 
sketch.) 
IX. Theophllus, b. In Springfield, Feb. 14, 1810. He remained on the 
home farm until his twenty-first year, when he took the agency of 



220 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

the Morris Mills, aow called Gould*s Mills, holding this position 
four 3'ears. Jan. 2, 1835, he went to New York, and during his 
residence in that city he was chiefly engaged in hotel business, 
lie served six years on the Old Men's Whig General Committee of 
the city of New York. June 14, 1849, he joined the American Insti- 
tute of the city of New Y'ork, and *n 1864 the New England Society o^ 
the city, being a life member of both organizations. He left New 
York, May 7, 1866, and two years later chose Springfield as his 
political headquarters, keeping it as such until 1880, when he moved 
to New York. He d. Jan. 9, 1892, at West Brattleboro, Vt., w^here 
he had res. the last few years of his life. The grandparents of 
Theophilus Bates on the maternal side were Abram Lincoln, b. at 
Cohasset, Dec. 12, 1740, and Sarah Lincoln, b. at Cohasset, Sept. 17, 
1749. Abram Lincoln d. Sept. 29, 1823: Sarah Lincoln d. Sept. 4. 
1818. 
X. Esther, b. Sept. 24, 1812; m. 1840, Stoddard Tower. 
XI. Nancy, b. Feb. 28, 1815; m. 1846, Rev. George O. Atkinson, who was 
b. in Newburyport, Mass., May 10, 1819; graduated from Dart- 
mouth in 1843. In October, 1847, they sailed for Oregon by the 
way of Cape Horn and the Sandwich Islands. Mr. Atkinson estab- 
lished the first church in Oregon at Oregon City, and lived to see it 
grow into ninety-three churches in the State, with a membership of 
2,719. He was alert in all educational matters, and founded an 
academy, which afterward became the Pacific University. After 
six years he went to Portland from Oregon City, and in 1872 
became general home missionary superintendent of Oregon and 
Washington Territory. He d. Feb. 25, 1889, leaving a w^idow and 
six children. 
XII. Lydia C, b. Aug. 16, 1818; m. Oct. 8, 1846, Kev. Lewis Grout, who 
was b. in Newport, Vt., Jan. 28, 1815, and graduated from Yale 
College in the class of 1842, and from Andover Seminary in 1840. 
Oct. 10, 184(), he and his wife sailed from Boston for South Africa? 
and arrived at Xatal, Feb. 15, 1847. They labored here as mission- 
aries of the American Board among the Zulus for fifteen years. 
This was in the early days of missionary work, and the labors of 
Mr. and Mrs. Grout were most arduous and trying during these 
years, among a people where there had never been a trace of any- 
thing civilized. Mr. (irout was obligetl to be student, teacher, 
architect, builder, farmer, dentis^, physician, and magistrate all in 
one. His health becoming impaired, he was compelled to return 
to America, and after a season of rest became agent for the 
American Missionary Association, and continued in this work 
nineteen years. He was afterwards pastor of the church in Sud- 
bury, Vt., for several years. His literary labors and published 
works are varied and numerous. While in Africa he prepared a 
grammar, and translated the Scriptures and other books into the 
Zulu tongue. A book on the Zulu Land, and several others, and 
many of his discourses, essays, sermons, and pamphlets have been 





d^.c^r^^'^ .^^O^fe?- 



■^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 221 

published, and he has given at different times numerous addresses 
and papers on early church history and other subjects of interest 
and importance. He res. at West Brattleboro. 

Theophilus Bates, brother of Dea. Phineas, b. in 1763, came to Sprlng- 
i in 1790 with his wife and two ch. His second wife was Esther Chandler 
>he8ter. Ch. by 1st marriage : 

J. Job, m. Lamira Field. 
II. A daughter, was the wife of Greorge Johnson. (See sketch.) 

*EVM Bates, also a brother of Dea. Phineas, came to this town about 1794. 
and his brothers were seafaring men, and he was always called Master 

i Hates. He m. Hannah , who d. Feb. 1, 1810. Ch. : 

I. Kebecca, m. James Litchfield. 
ri. Dexter, b. in 1778 ; m. Mehitable Ladd Gale. He was a Methodist 

clergyman. (See history Methodist Church.) 
'I. Lewis, b. March 20, 1780; m. Eliza . He was a noted preacher 

and revivalist. (See Methodist Church). 
W^ - Zintha, b. July 22, 1786. 
W^- Levi, b. Dec. 20, 1790; m, Anna Harlow. 

OcjKR Bates, orighially from Scotland, lived in Hiugham, Mass., moved 
►oston, thence to Winchendon, and came to Springfield in 1777 or 1778. 
►Ought of Joseph Little the farm that is now known as the Christopher 
' place. He sold it to Josei»h Ellis in 1797. This house was kept as a 
'"n, and was in those years the most convenient place for town meetings 
Cilaurch services. He had two brothers in Springfield, James and Moses 
>*., and two sisters, Merrail, who m. Elisha Brown, and ITiankful, who m. 
^»" John Gill. Mr. Bates had served in the army, and was known as Lieut. 
^1* Bates. His wife was Hulda Stoddard. When Roger Bates sold his 
^ in 1797, he went to Canada, where he d. at the age of 80 years. His 
lived to be over 90. There were thirteen ch., three of whom d. in 
t^cy: 
I. Adna, b. in Hiughain, Mass. ; Sept. 2, 17B9, m. Beulah . Ch. : 

1. Roger, b. Nov. 17, 1792. 

2. Ira, b. June 15, 1795. 

Tr. Betsey, b. Nov. 25, 1770; m. June 25, 1791, Thomas Barrett. 

IL Sarah, b. Oct. 15, 1772; m. Dec. .SO, 1790, Amos Gill. 

IV. Huldah, b. Oct. 14, 1776; m. Aug. 17, 1794, Joseph Selden. 

V. Polly, b. Sept. 7, 1779. 

V'l. Stoddard, b. Aug. 4, 1780. 

'H. Levi, b. April 8, 1782. 

IH. Theodosia, b. June 16, 1786. 

IX. Nancy, b. June 14, 1788. 

X James, b. Aug. 31, 1790. 

Rev. Oscar Beckwith, son of Rufus and Rhoda Ann (Lyman) Beckwith, 
isb. at Washington, Vt., Dec. 15, 1834; pastor of Second Advent Church 
North Springfield; m. 1st, Rox^nna Ricker; she d. Oct. 8, 1866; m. 2d, 
(uisa M. Silloway, daughter of Elisha A. and Rhoda (Hill) Silloway of 
oretown, Vt. Ch. by second marriage: 



222 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

I. 0«car R., b. July 15, 1873. 
II. Cora M., b. Jan. 10, 1875. 

III. Daniel J., b. Sept. 29, 1880. 

Alpheus Batchelder, b. May 8, 1815. Was for some years in businesfl 
Springfield, and, in company with Mosee Bates, owned the sawmill and < 
gristmill on the present site of R. J. Kenney^s shop. The gristmill was m 
o Daniel Gushing, and both gristmill and sawmill were carried away by t1 
freshet of 1869. He was also engaged in the manufacture of shoe pegs, 
d. in Springfield, Feb. 1, 1871. His wife was, Orinda Cady, who d. Jan. 
1871. Ch.: 

I. Frank Erving, b. in Springfield, March 1, 1851. He m. March 4, 18 
Louisa M. Marey, daughter of Stephen and Melinda (Mason) Mai 
of Weathersfield. She is still living in Springfield (1895). rie 
July 20, 1876. Ch. : 
1. Frank Erving, b. Feb. 7, 1872; ni. Myra Foss of Charleston 
X. II. Ch. : 
(1). Hazel Alice, b. Dec. 21, 1891. 

Amos Belknap, son of Reuben and Lucy Belknap, was b. May 5, 18 
m. 1st, Amanda Cady; m. 2d, Jerusha (Sargent) Noyes, daughter of An 
and Judith (Gooding) Sargent. Ch. by 1st m. : 

I. Laura, m. George D. Graham ; res. in Springfield. 

II. Catharine. 

Abner Bennett was b. in West Boylston, Mass., in 1764. He m. Mi 
Moore of that town, and moved to Chariest own, N. H. They had seven < 
sixj girls and one boy, Horace, now (1894) living in Nashua, N. H., aged 
years. Mr. Bennett came to Springfield in 1826, and lived in the house n 
(1895) owned by Napoleon Greenwood. He was a farmer, and at one ti 
the village sexton. He d. Feb. 8, 1840; his wife d. Aug. 11, 1858, aged 
years. 

John C. Bingham came to this town during the Revolution and enlistee 
thejarmy in Capt. White's company; Ira Allen was recruiting officer, 
signed the papers In a hotel which stood on the east side of the river 
Gould's Mills. He m. Oct. 28, 1810, Silence Harlow, daughter of Levi j 
Silence (Cobb) Harlow. Ch. : 

I. Caroline, m. Asahel Dodge. 
II. Lyman. 

III. Fanny, res. in Springfield. 

IV. Abner C, b. Dec. 16, 1815; i«» a carpenter by trade, has always res. 

Springfield. He m. Nov. 20, 1838, Adeline Osgood, who d. Nov. 
1848, aged 32. Ch. : 

1. Annette Clara, d. in infancy. 

2. Abbie Clara, b. December, 1846; d. July, 1847. 

3. Asher, b. 1848; m. Lizzie Currier. 

He m. 2d, Rosina Staples. Ch. : 

4. Byron, b. Aug. 27, 1850; m. Etta Cooledge. Ch. : 
(1). Adin, b. May 8, 1875; d. Jan. 25, 1877. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 223 

5. Clara Lizzie, b. Oct. 20, 1852; m. May 8, 1872, Frank £. Johnson, 

son of Levi and Marietta (Leet) Johnson. He learned tinsmith 
trade of Harlow A Kirk in Springfield; worked in oil-stove 
shop at Gardner, Mass. ; has worked for most of the different 
firms in stove and tinware business in Springfield ; now works 
for Pond & Gridley. Ch. : 
(1). Jessie Gertrude, b. Aug. 10, 1887. 

6. Ida, b. April 2, 1855; d. Sept. 5, 1856. 

7. George Everett, b. Aug. 19, 1856; m. Nellie Pierce (deceased). 

He m. 2d, Luella Putnam ; res. in Springfield. Ch. by 1st m. : 
(1). Ida May, b. Jan. 1, 1878. 

8. Annie, b. Jan. 12, 1859; d. May 1, 1864. 

9. Albert, b. Jan. 29, 1865; m. Ethel Mclntyre; res. in Springfield.' 
10. Arthur, b. Oct. 16, 1867; d. March 22, 1888. 

V. Sarah, res. in Springfield. 
VI. Sophia. 

THE BISBEE FAMILY. 

TH03IAS BiSBEE, the common ancestor of the New England family of 
Bisbees, came to this country soon after the landing of the Pilgrims. The 
records show that he sailed from Sandwich, Eng., with his wife and six 
children in the ship '* Hercules," John Witherly, master, and landed at 
Scituate, Mass., in the spring of 1634. He afterwards moved to Sudbury 
where he d. March 9, 1672. 

Abner Bisbee, the paternal ancestor of the Springfield branch of the 
Bisbee family, and one of the first settlers in town, was the son of John and 
Mary (Oldham) Bisbee, b. in Pembroke, Mass., July 31, 1734. He was an 
€>fllcer in the French and Indian War, having received his commission from 
George HI., and was ever after known as Capt. Bisbee. On account of his 
prudence and sagacity he was placed in command of a company of scouts to 
watch the Indians, and in this capacity he served nearly through the war, 
enduring many hardships and having many hairbreadth escapes. There is a 
tradition that he piloted a small company of soldiers through the wilderness 
on snowshoes from Crown Point to Charlestown, N. H., in February, 1750, 
and marked out the Crown Point lioad east of the mountains, which was cut 
through the next summer by Col. Gofi*e and his regiment, and that he then 
selected the lot of land where he afterwards built his log-cabin in 1763. 
When this war closed, which had been such a terror to the infant settlements 
of Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and made Vermont a highway over 
which the Indians carried men, women, and children into captivity, or to a 
cruel and barbarous death, these warworn soldiers, as well as the whole 
country, hailed with gladness the day of peace and security. Canada having 
now passed from the control of the French, and the Indliuis having been 
driven back, the settlements of Vermont rapidly increased. Capt. Bisbee 
came into town in 1763 on horseback with a bed of sea-fowl feathers and a 
few household utensils strapped to his horse. He crossed the Connecticut at 



224 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

the ferry and passed up Crown Point Road, settling near the north line of tit 
town on laud afterward owned by Joshua Durant, and later by Luther < 
Boynton. Simon Stevens, who had also been an officer in the army, had st 
ready settled on what is now the town farm, and between these two \wr 
captains was begun a friendship which lasted through life. It is said xYk 
were never known to disagree but once, and that was as follows : Sani«. 
Scott soon came and settled between them, and his wife, who was formerl^b 
Widow Taylor, had one daughter, Isabella Taylor, of marriageable age, a. 
these two soldiers both sought to capture the prize. She was willing to ta. 
either, but could not marry both. Just at this time another settler, Geor 
Hall, who had been a captain at Fort Dummer, came in with his family a 
located just above Capt. Bisbee's, on Weathersfield line. Fortunately he bi 
:i daughter of fifteen, and these two, Isabella Taylor and Mary Hall, w€ 
said to be the only marriageable girls in town. The difficulty between "t 
two captains was now quickly settled. Capt. Bisbee took Mary Hall, ai 
Capt. Stevens Isabella Taylor, on their horses behind them and went 
Charlestown and were married iu 1767. 

Capt. Bisbee had three commissions, one from George III., one signed b 
Gov. Clinton of New York, and one by Gov. Chittenden of Vermont, an 
stnved through the Revolutionary War. His wife w^as a resolute and coura 
geous woman, and at one time, while the men were away when there was ai 
alarm of the approach of Indians, she yoked the oxen and, taking her littl< 
ones and other women and children, drove them to the Blockhouse, whicl 
had been built on the Connecticut Riveras a place of retreat in time of danger 

('apt. ftisbee must have been a successful farmer and a good financier, lor 
having little but his hands to help himself with, in nine years he had paid fo 
four lots of land and secured a title under the New Hampshire grants, an 
also paid £8 3s. 4d, for an indenture signed by Richard Morris under th 
New York charter. His log-cabin soon gave place to a substantial dwelling 
said to be the first painted house in town. He had the reputation of bein 
an honest, true man, was a representative in the Legislature, and held, j 
different times, nearly all the important offices in town. He d. very suddenl 
Sept. 28, 1805. aged 72 years, and was buried in the cemetery at Springfieh 
It is known of him that he was a firm believer in the Christian religion, an 
though not a member of the church, he always helped sustain it. Past< 
Smiley said that he regarded him as a Christian man, and that when heac 
Ksquire Stevens were gone he felt that he had lost his firmest supporters. 

The first tannery in town was started by Capt. Bisbee and a man name 
(iilcs near the brook on the (olman Ilaskius place, and here was made tl 
first leather in town. Mary Bisbee survived her husband more than twent 
years. She was born at Fort Dummer in Brattleboro, was a strong-mindc 
woman of Scotch-Irish descent, and it was from her that the next generatic 
of Bisbees got their strong prejudices, which, once aroused, were not easil 
overcome. The large pine-tree lately standing near the old Bisbee homestea 
on land owned by the Hasklus family was planted by Capt. Bisbee, and wj 
known as a landmark by all his grandchildren. Five generations sat under il 
cooling shade, but the old tree has now fallen, as did he who planted it. fl 
left seven ch. : 



Jl. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 225 

1. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 18, 1769; was three times m. Her first husband 
was David Tolles of Weathersfleld ; second, Clark Conant of Wind- 
sor; third, Isaac Tower of Springfield, all noted men in their day. 
She 8urvive<i them all, and died without children. She wasa woman 
of fine form and noble bearing, and won the hearts of all who knew 
her. The writer well remembers with what delight the children all 
hailed the appearance of her old chaise, when she made her regu- 
lar visits to the homestead. She d. in 1828, aged 58. . 
n. Abner Bisbee, Jr., b. Sept. 24, 177.S; m. Barbara Wilson, and lived on 
the farm now owned by James Booth. They had six ch. : 
1. John W., m. Anna Perkins. lie d. in Michigan. Ch. : 
(1). Joseph. 
(2). Henry. 
(3). Wilson. 
"2. Mary, m. James Walker. They had one son. She died in Spring- 
field. 

3. Abigail, m. George Kimball; three ch. (See sketch of Kimball 
family.) She d. in Springfield. 

4. Harriet, m. Wm. Sweet; d. in Springfield, leaving a number of 
ch. 

5. Eliza, unm. ; d. in Springfield. 

6. Anderson A., m. Adeline Warner. They moved to Ohio. 
John Bisbee, b. Sept. 3,1777; m. Xaucy Chamberlin of Weathersfield, 

and lived on a part of the homestead. They afterwards moved to 
Waitsfield, Vt., where he d. in 1852. They had six ch. : 

1. Xancy. 

2. Arethusji. 

3. Mary. 

4. John. 

5. Elijah W., b. in 1816; m. Brown of Waitsfield. lie is a suc- 

cessful farmer, writer for agricultural papers, is prominent in 
town affairs, and is interested in education and all matters of 
improvement and progress. Has four sons : 

(1). B. D. Bisbee, a prosperous farmer in Waitsfield. 

(2). A. B. Bisbee, a physician in Moutpelier. 

(3). E. W. Bisbee, a lawyer in Barre. 

(4). Bisbee, who lives with his father on the homestead in 

Moretown. 

6. Elizabeth. 

^^ ^ Elisha Bisbee, b. April 25, 1780; m. 3fary Grout, daughter of Asa 
Grout of Weathersfleld, and grand-daughter of Ililkiah Grout, who 
was capture<i by the Indians at Bridgeman's Fort in Vernon, July 
27, 1755. In 1800 they settled on a tract of wild land in the west 
part of the town, and began housekeeping in a small house of two 
rooms. There being no chimney, Mr. Bisbee cut oft*, as high as he 
could reach, a hollow birch-tree that stood near the house, and 
then cut out a fireplace near the ground, and here Mrs. Bisbee did 
her cooking from May till November. She used to say that she 



26 HISTORY OF THE TOWK 

Dever left the house In the evening without t«UDg * flrebrta 
the wild benstH at bay. Mr. Blabee was a long tiioe justl 
peace, nad at one time he decided a caM ai^aiast a most 
character, which bo inceosed hltn Chat he Bwore reveii|(e and 
the oourt room with a bDlfe Id his hand, threktenlng murde 
then late at night, aad Esquire Biabee's team, a Hne luftre with 
her side, was waiting at the door. Hon. Nomlas Cobb, at w 
the court whs held, took in ihe sltuatioo, and advised Ksquin 
stop with hii 
mftinder of t 
sad ordered 
bacl< to the att 
the desperado t 
kaite in hand, 
pie tel; dlse 
the mare, anc 
there in the 
The fellow 1 
before murn 
did not return 

and those pr 
passed away, 
held many offic 
a liirge amoun 
busIocBS, alwa 
tohU trust. ] 
iloubtedly th( 
man that eve 

lug 315 pouni 
Aug. 7, 1841 
years. His w 
6, 18f!2, aged 
They had flfte* 
d. in infancy, ai 
lived to have 
namely : 

). Ellxabeth, h. 18O0; m. Thomas .1. Parks; d. iu Hartford, Conn 
1879, leaving oue son, Wni. T. Parks, now ti prominent bus 
iu Hartford, Conn. 

3. David, b. 1801 ; in. Sally .\llbeP of Rockingham. He d. in Der 




IBNER BIS8EE. 



1867. 


Cb.: 




a)- 


Albert. 


(2). Ilermon. 


(3). 


Dauli'l. 


(4). .Tohn. 


(6). 


Lewis. 


(6). Lucy. 


(7)- 


Chiirlotte. 


(8). Bes»le. 


iiram 


b. 1805; m 


Betsey Campbell. His second 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



227 



P&rwell of W«athersfield. He alwiifs lived lu Spriagflelcl, 

and d. April 30, 18S6. Ch. by first wife: 
(1). Nancy A. 
(3). JameB E. 
4. Abner, b. 1806 (portrait od p. 336); m. Cyuthla Rolpta ol 

Chester. They had three ch. : 
(1). Ellen A., b. 1S33 ; m. Martin Parker, snd lived in Rocking- 

(J). Frank Abner, b. In 18i3; settled In lowji, afterward re- 
turned to Sprlngfleld. 
fie is a machinist. He 
m. Eliza Grlswold, 
■daughter of Lucius 
and Cynthia (Batchel- 
der) Grlswold. Ch.: 
El ]. Don A., b. Aug. 5, 

1871. 
C2J. Walter G., b. Aug. 
1, 1876. 
'>- Rev. Marvin D. (por- 
trait on p. 228), b. at 
Chest«r, Jnne 21 , 1 845 : 
graduated at Dart- 
mouth College with 
honors in class of 1871; 
studied theology two 
years at Andover and 
one year at Chicago 
TheologicalSeminary. 
He was pastor of Con- 
gregational Church at 
Flsherville, N. H., 
from 1S74 to 1877, and 
of Wood McmorlHl 
Church, Cambridge, 
Mass., from 1877 t« 
1S81. Associ&te editor 
of the CoHffregation- 
(ilM from 1S8I to ISS6, 

and since that date professor In Dartmouth College. He 
is a member of fhe llistorlcal Society of New Haupabire 
and the Historical Society of Virginia. He m. Susan 
Silsbjof Claremool, N. H. 
fi. Sarah, b. 1808; m. Daniel Kolph ; d. in Warren, Vt., Feb. 23, 18li6. 
6. Emily, b. 1810; m. James G. Cass of [Jxhrldge, Mass. Ch.: 
(1). Sarah. (2). Elisha. 

(3). Martha. (4). James. 

fC). William. 




HISTORV OF THE TOWN 



Isaac, b. 1813; went to Ann Arbor, Mich.; m. Amanda Fox. He d. Jn 

34, 1893. They hod four sons ami two daughters. 
Aaron, b. Jau. 21, 1815. Ilia early years were spent on his fathe 
fann, and at the nffe of Diaeteen he went to Ann Arbor, Mich. Beta. 
\ag in 1839 he nns for a iiiimbor of years eugnged In the foundry bnsltk 
in Braudon. lu 1853 he engaged in the roofing business a 
Y., and later at ButTulo. -Xfterwards he was tor twenty years 
with ilie Warren (."hemiciil .Manufacturing Company at Hunter's Poij 
Long Island, and an 
erlntendent of thr 
works for a number' 
years. During thi 
time be was also ran 
nected with the W»i 
ren Bros. Oil Con 
pany; with M. il 
Steel & Co. at Lou 
Island ; with Bisbec 
Steele of New Jerse; 
who were in the grav 
rooting businena; ar 
with E. B. Warren ■ 
Washington, D. C, 
the appliance ar 
manufacture of roofli 
material. In 1875 I 
returned to Springlle 
and resided here un 
his death, Sept. 1 
1882. He. m. .In 
21, 1344, Elvira 1 
daughter of .les 
and Betsey (Jaclisoi 
Warren, who was b. 
Dedham, Mass., Fe 
10, 1817. She d. 
Springlleld, April 
I89I. Ch.: 

(1). Cliarles Kugcne, ra..Pulia li. Moore, lie d. Nov. 16, 1394, Ch,: 
[IJ. WalLicu Moore, b. Jan. 31, 1869; d. May 27, 1888. 
[2]. Eva Wan-en, b. Nov. 3, 1876. 
(2). Fred W., d. Dec. 29, 1872, aged 24. 

Jonah, b. IS17; m. Louisa A. Spencer, who d. June 24, 1856, leaving oj 
son, Byron G. Bisbee, b. Dee. 9, 1651. His second wife was Naqey < 
Lovejoy, to whom he was m. In 1867. He Is a carpenter and bullde 
and has worked at his trade in various States, but his home has nlwa; 
been in Springfield, where he now lives {1895). 





t/rxi-''V*'->^ ^ t..<a--i^-c--e_-^ 




il 




OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 229 

10. Noah, b. 1820; m. Sarah Hooker of Brandon, Vt., where they 

now live, and have four sons. 

11. Mary, b. 1822; m. Benjamin A. Bragg, and went to Texas, where 

she d. July 12, 1873. 

12. Martha, b. 1824; m. Cornelius Divoll, and settled in Warren, Vt., 

where she still lives. Her husband d. Jan. 1, 1873, aged 49. 

Two ch. : 
(1). Mary. 
(2). Clarence. 

13. Marie Antoinette, b. 1826; m. Lucius G. Spencer, who d. Oct. 4, 

1859, aged 35. She d. in Sharon, March 4, 1887. 

In 1877 there was a notable gathering at the old homestead 
of Elisha Bisbee of the ten children then living. It was not a 
reunion, for they were never all together at one time before, 
because the older ones left home before the younger were born, 
but it was a happy meeting, and one never to be forgotten by 
those present. 
V. Sally Bisbee, b. 1782; m. Benjamin Tolles of Weathersfleld, where 

they lived and had a family of four sons and six daughters. 
VI. Elijah Bisbee, b. 1786; m. March 12, 1809, Cynthia Bates, a lineal 
descendant of John Rogers, the martyr. They settled near the 
present site of the foundry on laud now (1895) owned by the Snath 
Company, H. Whittemore's estate, W. H. Loveland, and others. 
Both d. in 1817, leaving two daughters: 

1. Priscilla, m. Brooks Kimball, and d. in Charlestown, N. H., leav- 

ing two sons and two daughters. 

2. l]annah, m. John R. Nourse, and d. in Springfield, leaving two 

sons and one daughter. (See sketch.) 
VII. Gad Bisbee, b. Jan. 2, 1789; m. Nov. 13, 1808, Lilly Litchfield, and 
moved to Haverhill, N. H., where they both d., leaving a large 
family of children. 

William A. Blodgett, son of Philander and Esther (Lockwood) Blod- 
gett, was b. at Cliautauqua, N. Y., Feb. 1, 1819; m. Caroline M. Maynard, 
daughter of Levi and Eliza (Reed) Maynard of Sudbury, Mass. Ch. : 
I. William H., b. Oct. 6, 1843. 

II. I^uisa E., b. Feb. 27, 1847; m. Romaine A. Spafford. 

III. Rosa A., b. Dec. 6, 1851 ; m. Calvin S. Leonard. 

IV. Ann M., b. July 12, 1853 ; m. Henry A. Going. 
V. Nettie L., b. Oct. 11, 1862; m. Fred A. Miller. 

James Booth, son of Eliphalet and Sarah (Taplin) Booth, was b. }n 
Lemster, X. II., May 29, 1819; rp. Jan. 1, 1856, Marion E. Parker, daughter 
^ of Warren and Sarah (Burnap) Parker of Putney; V|;* Ch. : 
I. Merrill P. ' • 

II. Herman P. 
III. Mary E. All died young. 

RUFUS BOSWORTH, SOU of Samuel and Mehitable Bosworth, was* b. in 
Petersham, Mass., April 22, 1820 ; m. Catharine Wiley. Ch. : 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



I. Henry C, h. Jhu. 4, IS44; d. Nov. B, ISfii!. 
11. Mary C, h. Aug. 25, 18&i; d. Sept. 35, 1864. 

C. Lewi.s Iton'KN, son of (jeorge P. Hnd Ellen M. (Bond) Bowen, b.ln 
CharlestowD, X. H.. May 2S. 1S.=>6; in. Maruh H, 1879, Kftte T.. ilnnghter ol 
.)ohn H. nwl Mary (Chittcuden) CJtIl, h. Dec. 22, 1858; reB. tn Springflfld. 
til. : 

I. Waldo I.., b. idt'harleeionn, X. H., Di'C. Ifi. 1879; d. Feb. 7, 1881. 
I[. Jnllati U., I), in Bellows Palls, Aug. S, 1881. 

III. Lottlp E.. h. ill Bt-llona Palls, Mari;1i 18. 18a5 ; d. March 20, 188.7. 

IV. Horace I'., Ii. In Bell own Falls. Oct. 13. 1886. 
V. Ralpli C, li. In Ik'llows Falls, Miir(.'li 2n, 1088. 

VI. Mary 1,., li. in Alateud. X. H., Feb. 13. 1889; li. July 2S, 19AH. 
VII. Miibi-1 K., b. in AUti-:»l. X. H.. June 5, 1890: d. Sept. 21. 1893. 

Dri{A\T J. BovsTos.soc 
ot l.iither G. Buyntou. viM 
b. in Wiiitslield, Vt., Dec. 8 
IH41. Hi: van edncaiinl ai 
S|ir1tigltcld Wcslcyan .<>eiiiin- 
nry, Fnlrtielil Academy, iim 
i.he UniviTBity of Vcmnint 
where he was one yciir ii 
■ he academical (tcpartment 
and two yenrsin the m<-il)ea 
(lejMirliiienl. Ilf graduate) 
from PiitsfleM Meilira 
College in 1880: now a mil 
owner and extensive denle 
iu lumber at Xortli S|>riDg 
Held. Ik- holds importaii 
ofBces; is ii member of 111. 
seliool commit tec, of ili 
boanl of selectmen, and rep 
resented the town in 111 
Legislature of Vermont 1; 
18y4. Hotn. Sept. 10, 1873 
isadore I,. Field, daughte 
iif Ahner and I.oulsa [drir 
woW) Field. 

.IilNATIIAN M. BOVS'TOS 

son of Jonathiin and Sail; 
(Martin) Boyntoii, vcaa b. a 
Biillimore. v'l., Xov. 4, 1807 
ni. Harriet Batchelder, dan 
of l-:dwin and liachel (Ban 
lett) Rntclielder. Ch. : 

H). 18:f.-i; m. Jrweph W. I.eland. 

■ember. 18;ifi: il. IW. 28, 1840. 




OF SPRINGPrELD, VT. 



III. EmeraoD A., b. Ao};. 3, 183B; killed in the battle of Spotteylvania, 

Hay 13, 1864. 
IV. Francis E., b. Oct. 13, 1843 ; d. Id intancy. 

V. t-rederick E., b. Sept. 24, 1848; d. iu infancy. 
KiCHARi) Bradford, son of Andrew nud I.ncy (Parker) Bradford, wu b, 
it Cbester, April 4, 1800; m. Uary Stimaon, daughter of Charlea and Comfort 
-fValker) Stimsoa of Ludlow, Yt. Ch. : 

I. Geoi^e R., b. Nov. 17, 1828. Promineot businesa man and hnuker 
at GlonceHter, Mass. He m. Emma Scwell. 
II. Mary A., b. Sept. 1, 1831 ; m. Lewis Davia ; res. at North Springfield. 




RODNEY G. BRITTON. 

^IRAM Britton, son of Keliemlab and Sally (Prentiss) Brltton, was b. at 
^^Htmoreland, N. H., Out. 11, 1818; m. let, Sophronin Blanchard; she d. in 
< m. 2d, Harriet H. Burt. Ch. 1st miirriage : 
I. Jane A., b. Oct. 13, 1846; m. Oct. 1, 1872, r,*onida8 Barry. 
JOTBAH BrittOM wftB b. Id 1770. Four brothers came to this part of 



1^; 



232 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

the country, and Jotham settled in Springfield, between the village and 
" Scrabble." He was for many years justice of the peace and a prominent 

man. He m. Elizabeth . She was b. in 1772, and d. Oct. 1, 1848. He d. 

June 30, 1849. Ch. : 

1. Betsey, b. iu 1799; d. June 19, 1870, unm. 

II. Jotham, b. in 1802; m. Eleanor Gould; she d. Sept. 10, 1840, at the 
age of 29 years. Ch. : 

1. Mary, b. June, 1829; ra. William Adair; both deceased. 

2. Jane, b. March 11, 1830; m. Andrew Wilson; she d. March 25, 

1857; hed. April 3, 1858. 

3. Rodney G., b. Aug. 5, 1833. lie is a carpenter and manufacturer, 

and was for many years a member of the tirm of Ellis, Brit ton 
& Eaton, which established the ^* cab-shop ^' business, one of 
the leading industries of the town at that time. (^See Vermont 
Xovelty Works ('onipany.) He has been prominent in business 
aftairs of the town, iu the offices of justice of the peace, school 
director, trustee of Springfield Savings Bank, and others. He 
m. Oct. 5, 1859, Abby Goodenough, b. in Grafton, March 20, 
1S3G; she d. Jan. 27, 1893. Ch. : 

(1). Lena A., b. June 29, 1862. Educated at Wellesley College, 
and for some years teacher in the public schools. 

(2). Wallace II., b. Sept. 29, 1868; d. Sept. 5, 1869. 

(3). Ethel G., b. July 26, 1875. A student in Boston Uni- 
versity. 

4. Eleanor, b. Sept. 5, 1840; m. William Swift; res. in Pittsfleld, Vt. 

III. John, b. in 1804; m. Sophia White; she d. Dec. 1, 1861; he d. 

Feb. 17, 1867. Ch. : 

1. Horace, b. Oct. 27, 1834; d. March 9, 1878. He m. May 13, 1856, 

EUeu S. Fairbanks, daughter of Edward and Sarah (Parker) 
Fairbanks. Ch. : 
(1). Myrou A., b. Feb. 8, 1858; m. Dec. 23, 1879, Eldora Martin; 

res. in Rutland. 
(2). John E., b. June 26, 1861 ; d. in infancy. 
(3). Herbert A., b. Jan. 4, 1864; m. Aug. 9, 1886, Jennie L. 

Oluey ; res. in Springfield. 
(4). Mary E., b. Aug. 25, 1867: m. Nov. 16, 1887, Ezra A. Buss; 

she d. 
(5). Fred, b. Oct. 26, 1868. 
(6). Flora E., b. April 1, 1872. 
(7). Hattie F., b. March 30, 1877. 

2. Gracia* b. in 1839: d. Aug. 5, 1881, unm. 

IV. Urbane, b. March 31, IS08; d. Sept. 18, 1839. He m. Amelia Harlow, 

b. Sept. 17, 1712; d. March 2, 1854. Ch. : 

1. Harriet S., b. in 1835; m. Bates Spencer; res. in Windsor, Vt. 

2. William T., b. iu 1838 ; m. Linda Davis. ; res. in Windsor. 
V. Sophronia, b. in 1813; d. Jan. 6, 1834, unm. 

VI. Lucretia, b. ; m. Willard B. Harlow. (See Harlow family.) She 

d. July, 1841. 



OF »l'RIN(iFlKl,I), VT, 



233 



Adka Bhowk, nan of Isaac utid i^iirali (Klagg) Browti, was li. iu Aati'lm, 
. H., Dec. 11, 162S. After nttruilitif; tlic cnininiDi hoIiiioI.a lie left home at 
teage ot glxteea.aud for live yatir* wnrkniliit iiianufuctiii'lii;; wonllcti gouds. 
or two y«us he worked an n m)ii-liiDi''t in Milfonl, X. II. He uhiiic lo 
^ttgfleld In 18M, aud was eniploypii l>y IMiku & Hriolnim, Imvliig charge of 
leir works. (Sec Pmrks & Woolson Miiclitnc Coni]iH)iy.) He vem iiintru- 
enial Id euuslDg the reniovnl ot ihir ■Totiua & Liinirtoii Machini' I'oniivjiiy from 
Indlur t« Springfield, and hitd cliurgc of biiiiiling oiii- of ttn- ftnciit aIiojh in 
i« State. He la a largt; stocldiolilpi-, uml iircnident nf tlie coinpuiiy. Ilr 
as promoter of the Kle«aric 
Ighting Compauj, and U ^ - 
resident of the wime. lie 
ns the lending spirii In 
imieblnx tiie town with 
M of the Huest liotcis in 
le Htatc, anil natt hoiioreil 
f the citl«-a!i namlpg It 
The Adnahrown." 

Mr. Brown is iireaidcut of 
le Hotel ComiHiny, of the 
Imck Hiver Railroad Coin- 
Bay, Hud of the Comiiioii- 
ealth Club, nn organlui- 
lon Intended for mutual and 
ablic Improvement, He is 
Bvpuhllcan Id polltiu^. and 
■though not uu otHco iit>clii'r, 
U held many oinces In town 
nd the StAtc. By llie kliirl- 
eiw of frlendB he was sent 

> the State Legislature in 
382, was senator fr«iii 
Vindsor County in 18»0, 
od was appohited delegate 

> the Xatlooal Ib-publkmn 
onvention at Uinneapolls 
I 18f>2, Mrving on the I'oni- 
littce that drafted the plat- 

jrm. Id religion be Is a i'oiigrcgalioiiitlist, anil tor many yeiii-s ha* l)ccu iin 
Ulcer of the church, alway<i Kentiiii.'i to ujihold its best interests, lie lielicvcs 
1 home bcnevoleDce, and is ^i-nei'ous ami lilieral. always n'ady to help the 
nfortunate. Mr. Drown was llrst ni. In IKTiO lo .Mary Newton, dnnglilcr ot 
•.a-.» and Sarah (Bell) Newton of .\ntrim. N'. II. She d. in ISCl. iiavinK had 
wo ch.. who d. in infancy. He m. 2i), in lH(t;<. Fannie S. Woolsun, dunghter 
•t EHjali Sabin and Hanuali (MavuKO ^Voolsl>n ot Liiilctou, N. II. Tliey 




och.: 

I. Walter Woolson, was educated ;it 
cmy, and a [Mirtinl conrst; ai l> 
bis father's business. 



till' graded , 



cliool*. \'erniont Acad- 

legi-. lie Is taking Up 



234 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

II. Belle Marion, is taking a course in the Emerson College of Oratory In 

Boston. 

Allen J. Brown, son of John and Hannah J. (Emery) Brown, was. b. li 
Woodstock, Vt., Feb. 16, 1843; ra. Jan. 1, 1867, Mandana C. Wood, daughtei 
of Harvey and Mandana (Cutler) Wood of Rockingham, Vt. Ch. : 
I. WUlis A., b. March 3, 1871. 
ir. Lewis E., b. Feb. 28, 1875. 

E LIS HA Brown, one of the noted men among the early settlers, wia 
probably b. in 1749 in Cohasset, Mass. His wife was Merrail Bates, b. l 
Cohasset in 1754. She was sister of Moses Bates and Lieut. Koger Batec 
After their marriage they lived in Winchendon, Mass. In the spring of IIT" 
they came to Springfield on horseback, Mrs. Brown riding behind her hue 
band on a pillion, with their household goods in a pillowcase strapi)ed to th 
horse. Mr. Brown bought land of James Bates, east of the river, which wa 
later known as the Bates farm, and is now owned by the heirs of llamlii 
Whitmore. Isaac Tower settled on the hill just above, about the same time 
Mr. Brown was a soldier of the Revolution, and was in the battle of Bunke: 
Hill. He was familiarly known as " Brigadier Brown." In 1790 he sold hi 
farm to Phineas and Theophilus Bates, and in 1794 he purchased land west o 
the river, on what is now called Seminary Hill. At this time there were w 
settlers or improvements on the site of the village, and the forest was almos 
unbroken, and frequented by bears and wolves. There were no roads, exeep 
bridle path» marked by blazed trees. Mrs. Brown used to visit her neighbor 
on the other si«lo of the river on horseback, fording the river below the falls 
In 1797 Mr. Brown Imilt the one-story house now standing west of the roa 
on Seminary Hill, and in 1802 the two-story house owned by the late Chark 
Holt. He was known as a thrifty, close-calculating man, who well unde; 
stood the art of accumulating property ; and at the time of his death, Sep 
10, 1827, he was able to leave to each of his sons a farm, except David, \i h 
chose tli(» tannery, on the site of the sliop? of the Novelty Works Compan^^ 
Mrs. Brown survived her husband many years, and d. Aug. 22, 1851. Sli 
was an excellent woman, and stood very high in the esteem of her neighboi 
and friends. She was of a most genial and pleasant disposition, charitab! 
and generous, and always ready with a word of encouragement and a helpio 
liand for every one in ilistress. She united with tlie Congregational (iliuro 
in 1801, soon after Pastor Snnley came, and he was accustomed to designat 
her as '* one of the ancicMit and lionorable women.'* Ch. : 
I. Sarah, b. in 1776; d. in 1787. 
II. Betsey, b. Xov. 25, 1778; m. John Thompson. (See sketch.) 

III. Luke, b. Sept. 24, 1782; m. Ist, Feb. 12, 1804, Elizabeth Jacksoi 

He m. 2d, Lovicy Ward. He m. 3d, Caroline Kimball. Ch. by Is 
wife : 

1. Kliza, b. April 5, 1805; ni. Welcome Olney. 

(^h. 2d wife : 

2. Lucretia, b. April 15, 1809; ni. Israel Whitcomb. (See Whitconi 

famil}'.) 

3. Elias, b. Feb. 21, 1814. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 236 

IV. David, b. May 20, 1786. He owned a tannery below the woollen 
mill, which was managed later by his sons, Willinm T. and Albert. 
He m. Feb. 21, 1811, Susannah Thayer of Rockingham, who d. 
July 17, 1867. Ch. : 

1. William T., b. Dec. 17, 1811; m. June 8, 1837, Hannah Hawkins. 

He d. Aug. 13, 1845. No ch. 

2. Susan L., b. Jan. 6, 1816 ; m. March 15, 1836, Frederick Barnard, 

son of Jennison Barnard. 

3. Albert, b. Feb. 24, 1822. In 1842 he became interested in the 

tanning and shoe business with his brother William, and con- 
tinued the business until after his brother's death. In 1846 he 
engaged as clerk in Adams & Bundy^s general store, and soon 
became a partner of the Arm of Bundy, Brown & Co., com- 
posed of John C. Bundy, Albert Brown, and Joseph R. W^hit- 
comb, and continued business in what was known as the ^^ Old 
Perkins store '' (Wheeler's Block) until the fall of 1850, when 
he purchased the interest of each of his partners, they going 
to Boston, and closed up the same. He then entered into 
partnership for two years with Henry II. Mason iu the manu- 
facture of supporters and trusses. In 1852 he engaged iu a 
copartnership with David M. Smith, 11. H. Mason, and Hamlin 
Whitmore, the firm being D. M. Smith & Co., for the manu- 
facture of Smith's patent spring clothespins, and continued 
this business until 1887, purchasing the interest of D. M. 
Smith in 1875, and that of Mr. Whitmore in 1887. In 1854 he 
entered into partnership with John Holmes, George Kimball, 
Hamlin Whitmore, and B. F. Dana, under the Arm name of 
Holmes, Whitmore & Co., for the manufacture of woollen 
goods. He purchased the interest of John Holmes in 1874, and 
continued in the business with Hamlin Whitmore and William 
Dillon till 1877, the flrni being Whitmore, Dillon & Co. In 
1864 he became a partner with Joel A. H. Ellis, Rodney G. 
Britton, and Ellis M. Eaton in the manufacture of children's 
carriages, toys, etc. Also in 1864 became a partner with David 
M. Smith, Henry II. Mason, and Alvin C. Mason in the manu- 
facture of patent spring and common hooks and eyes, Taylor's 
patent mop handles, brush holders, etc., the name of this Arm 
being Smith, Mason & Co. In 1866 became interested in the 
manufacture of the Diamond churn, afterwards known as the 
Prize churn, in company with H. H. Mason, Amos H. Brown, 
Zimri Messinger, and others. 
He was elected cashier of the Exchange Bank, April 15, 1854, and 
held the position until March 1, 1866, when it3 charter was 
surrendered to transfer its stock to the First National Bank. 
For the purpose of obviating the long delay in closing up its 
affairs, he purchased the eutire assets and settled with the 
stockholders, continuing the business as a private banker for 
two years, when he sold safe and fixtures to the First National 



236 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Bank. In 1869 he was elected a director of the First Nations 
Banls, and served as its president two years. He declined 
re-election as director in 1871, and Feb. 13 of that year wa 
elected cashier to All the vacancy caused by the resignation c 
C. E. Kichardsou, which position he held until 1877. He wa 
never able to give much of his personal attention to the man- 
enterprises he was engaged in until he left the First Nations 
Bank, when he devoted his time to the aflSairs of D. M. SmiL 
& Co. until 1877, then selling his interest in the firm to Henr 
H. Mason, with whom he had relations as business partne 
continuously for more than thirty-five years. 

The great flood of Oct. 4, 1869, was very destructive to abOL 
every enterprise in which he was interested, and his lo^se 
directly and indirectly, were nearer fifty thousand dollars tha 
thirty thousand. Among his early schoolmates were Mac 
Kichards Porter, James Brush Whipple, Henry Safibrd, ac 
Levi P. Morton, the latter conceded to be their leader in a 
afiairs in which schoolboys usually engage. Mr. Brown waa 
member of the Vennont Senate in 1867 and 1868. He m. la 
June 28, 1848, Sarah Mausur of Glaremont, X. H., daughter • 
Ezra 3Ian8ur. She d. Dec. 22, 1852, leaving one daughte 
He m. 2d, June 13, 1855, Sarah Floyd, daughter of Benjanil 
and Marcia W. Floyd of Lebanon, N. II., b. Aug. 10, 1830. CI 
by 1st wife: 

(1). Abba Elizabeth, b. June 10, 1850; m. Feb. 11, 1879, Joh 
Stoddard of Springfield. One son : 
[1]. Henry Albert, b. April, 1881. 
Ch. bv 24l wife : 

(2). Alice Alma, b. Oct. 20, 1857: m. Feb. 1, 1888, Herbert Ell 
of Trenton, N. J. 

(3). Mary Elizabeth, b. April 29, 1860; d. in infancy. 

(4). Clara Belle, b. Aug. 27, 1863; m. Fred C. Hodgman. 

4. Sarah Elizabeth, b. Nov. 17, 1826; m. Oct. 24, 1850, Dr. JosfJ 

Breck of Springfield, Mass., who d. March 18, 1855. One sc 
by this marnage died youug. She m. 2d, Jan. 7, 1864, Clai 
Wardner of Rea<iing, Vt. 

5. David Rush, b. March 31, 1833; m. May 6, 1858, Arrailda < 

Fullam, daughter of Thomas J. and Almira (Wliitcoml 
Fullam, b. in Ludlow, Dec. 28, 1834. Ch. : 
(1). Bertraud W., b. Feb. 4,1865; m. EInora Damon; res. 
Springfield. 
V. Enos, b. March 16, 1789; res. on the homestead on Seminary Hi) 
which he finally sold to Charles Holt and F. O. Blair, and tl 
farm was laid out in building lots; he d. Aug. 26, 1870. H 
wife was Hannah Gri^wold, daughter of Daniel and Hauna 
Lenthal (Ames) Grlswold. Ch. : 

1. Lucia, d. in infancy. 

2. Lucy G., b. Nov. 20, 1815; m. William M. Plngry. formerly c 



OF SPlilNOFIKLli. VT. 



Salisbury, N. il., hut for uiiiiiy yearn a promini-ut lawyer in \Ve:ith<.T»>- 
fltflii: Bheil. Aug. 23, 181iS. Ch.: 
(1). Maiy II., b. May 15, 1837; m. Dr. OrvlnF. Bijfelow. 
(2). Gnicia M., b. Jiin. 8. 1845; iti. Cyrus C. Buynlou, ii w.tll-kmiwn 
teai-licr, fonnerly in liiialm-flg in iSprliiKtti^ld, now I'l'S. Pasiideiia, 
Cftl. 
(Jporjte I,., b. Oct. 1, 181"; d. Sept. 7, INfiJ ; in. (yntlib K. llliim-hnnt 

of S|irln^('ld. Cli. : 

(1). Lnda E., b. July 17, 184J ; <i. Oct. 2.->, M;-2. 

Dniilfl <i., h. Marcli ;)0, 

1831; (1. .MarWi 25, 

1800; hfi m. C^niliiie 

AiLniiisor S|irt[i{.'l1<-I<l. 

ai.i 

(1). Vrcd 1)., b. N(>- 

vi-mbur. 1847. 
(2). .\nuc,il. iu liiraney. 
(.■(). Llxzie, b. Miirch 

1 7, 1H.TB. 
(4). Xcllli', 11. .S.^pt.24, 

185K. 
(5). Frank, li. Ocl<ibi'r, 
I8ft4. 



I M., 



.Inly 



18i4; iin fntiTJirisiuB; 
brcciter iif nii'rbiii 



miuijDt In towililtliiil 




mail, awl li:i»> 

other re!ipou)^lMe 

tioua. lU-oiviiHii 

farm mnr the in 

ofBliick Uiv-er. Hi' in. 

.rune 10, 1851, Olive - 

M., itaiLglitiT ot 

Natbnn un>l Olive 

irntninn) White. Cb. : 
( 1 J. Evelyn ,M., b. Ik*. 1, IMW 
EniersuD K., h. March 3«, 1828: 

11. AUbB of Sprin;;flel(i. <b. 
(1 ). Forest W., b. ,luly 28, 18.-.4. 
(2). lV.arle F.. li. Auff. 21, IS.Hi. 
{:t). Miiry L., b. Dec. |.'>, 18,W, il.i-easi-.l. 
(4). A.la I,., h. .Vov. 28, 1804. liwasted. 
(5). Enos I.., il. Mari'b 8, 18(i7. 
(6) . < 'arletod E., b. .June 1 1 , ISCIS. 



nilia M. Allbe, ilnii;;!)!!'] 



238 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

• (7). Gratia S., b. Oct. 27, 1870; d. Dec. 19, 1874. 
(8). Jessie H., b. Aug. 6, 1876. 

7. Leverett, b. Dec. 14, 1829; m. Jan. 16, 1855, Lorette Griswold, 

daughter of Lucius Griswold of Chester. Ch. : 
(1). Flora, b. Nov. 8, 1855. 
(2). Charles, b. AprU, 1858. 
(3). Lucius G., b. November, 1863. 
(4). Alice E., b. September, 1867. 

8. Helen L., b. Nov. 8, 1834; m. April 13, 1853, Augustus L. Robin- 

son of Springfield, a painter by trade. He worked in Spring- 
field; was also in grocery business under the firm name A. L. 
& H. L. Robinson. He now res. in California. Ch. : 
(1). Cora L., b. April 9, 1855; d. Sept. 1, 1876. 
(2). Francis L., b. Jan. 10, 1857 : d. June 16, 1862. 
{3), Charles W., b. Jau. 5, 1859 ; d. Nov. 8, 1863. 
(4). WUlie G., b. May 20, 1861 ; d. July 10, 1861. 
VI. JAbel, b. June 13, 1792; ra. Priscilla Hodgkins. He d. Nov. 3, 1845. 
His wife Priscilla d. Feb. 29, 1880, aged 86 years. Ch. : 

1. Elisha, b. Aug. 3, 1815; m. 1st, April 1, 1843, Mary Ann, daughter 

of Abraham Putnam; she d. in 1868. He m. 2d, Julia (Gould; 
Putnam, daughter of Major Gould, and widow of Oliver Put- 
nam. He d. July 26, 1894. Ch. by 1st wife : 

(1). Thankful Ann, b. March 10, 1844;- m. Hannibal Holden; 
she d. Jan. 1, 1867. 

(2). Lois Cordelia, b. Oct. 15, 1845; d. j'oung. 

(3). Abel, b. in 1848 ; went South in 1868. 

2. Merial, b. Feb. 7, 1817; m. Sept. 7, 1836, H. Holmes. She d. 

Sept. 4, 1850. Ch. : 
(1). Forest. 
(2). Francis. 
(3). Ellen. 

3. Lucia, b. Sept. 20, 1818 ; m. Leonard Barker. Ch. : 

(1). Charlotte, m. D. P. Floyd; res. in Amsden; has three ch. 
(2). Caroline, m. Col. H. W. Floyd. Two ch. 
(3). Addie, res. in Bellows Falls. 

4. Jane Howard, b. March 6, 1820; m. April 26, 1838, Sullivan J. 

Demary of Perkinsville. (See Deraary family.) 

5. Amos IL, b. Feb. 4, 1822; m. Susan Atwood. He was for many 

years engaged in the manufacture of churns in Springfield. He 
was for several years in the grain trade in the Sugar River 
gristmill in Claremout, N. H. Later he removed to Bellows 
Falls and engaged in the hardware trade, where he now resides 
(1895). Ch.: 

(1). Frank H. 

(2). Ellen. 

6. Sarah E., b. Aug. 1, 1824; m. Henry Parker; d. in Burlington, 

Feb. 12, 1868. 

7. Ira, b. May 27, 1826 ; d. April 30, 1830. 




^' 



d^. 



\ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 239 

8. Nancy, b. Dec. 7, 1828 ; m. David Martin, lie was Isilled in New 

York City while on duty as a policeman. Mrs. Martin died in 

Claremont, N. H. Ch. : 
(1). Charles, d. in Chicago, 111. 
(2). Herbert. 
(3). Lizzie, ra. II. B. Beckwith; res. in Claremont, N. H. 

9. Harriet, b. May 23, 1831 ; m. Azro Willis of New York City; two 

ch. She d. in Waco, Tex. 
10. Marcia P., b. May 13, 1835. Was for many years a teacher in 

Springfield ; now supervisor of schools in Brazil, S. A. 
VH. Jonathan, b. Oct. 5, 1796. After becoming of age he worked Ave 
years for his father at shoemaking, receiving one hundred dollars a 
year and his board, clothes, and spending money, and at the end 
of the live years had saved the live hundred dollars. He ra. Jan. 17, 
1822, Hannah Stocker, whose father was a Revolutionary soldier, 
and fought at Bunker Hill, tlonathan first moved to a farm in 
Chester, but soon returned and located on the hill west of the 
village, where he lived until 1862, when he moved to a house on 
Seminary Hill. He d. Aug. 18, 1878; his wife d. Nov. 15, 1879. 
She was a kiud-hearte<l, charitable woman, a loving and indulgent 
mother, ever ready to make any necessary sacrifice for the good of 
her familv. Ch. : 

1. Lois, d. in infancy. 

2. Horace, b. June 24, 1824. He lived at home on the farm during 

his minority, attending school winters. In March, 1846, he went 
to Lansingburgh, X. Y., to work in the oilcloth factory of 
Deborah, Powers & Co. After two years he went into the 
factory of Jonathan E. Whipple, and remained until May, 1850, 
when with his brother Henry he went to Rockford, 111., where 
he bought a farm, but soon returned to lansingburgh. In 1853 
he again went to Rockford, exchanged his farm for livery 
property, and remained two years. He then sold all his busi- 
ness and returned to Springfield and bought the A. L. lliomp- 
son farm. Later he bought of Jack Nourse the sawmill property, 
and carried on the business until 1858, when he sold his prop- 
erty in Springfield, and again made his home in Rockford, 
where he has since resided, engaged in the manufacture of 
agricultural implements and other enterprises. He has been 
vice-president of the Rockford National Bank since its organiza- 
tion in 1872, vice-president of the Forest City Insurance Com- 
pany, and city treasurer for eight years. He ni. Sept. 12, 1852, 
Mary A., daughter of William Thayer, b. in Springfield, Feb. 
16, 1827. Ch. : 
(1). William T., b. Marcli 2, 1854; m. Mary L. Spaulding. He 

is a member of the firm of A. G. Spaulding & Bros, of 

108 Madison Street, Chicago. Ch. : 
[1]. Horace S. 
[2]. H. Irene. 



HISTOKV OF THE TOWS 



(2). Alice C, 1). in Spiiu^fleUI, Mnrch 28, IH56: m. Dec. 20,16: 
n. [t. Ferguson: rea. iu Denver, (tol., where he 1« i 
f^nged in loiin ami trust business. 
(:t). Currie A., b. .Iiily 37, 1860; d. April 10, 18S.i. 
Ili'diy, h. Miirfh 20, 1820; m. Dec. 10, 184», Ellen O. Brool 
Wild (or twcuiy-lhree jears in ultcloth factorr at I^u?ii 
Imrjth ; now res. lU Kockronl. III. Hi. : 
(1). H:irry W.. b. N'ov. -29, 1854. 
(2). .lolin H., b. ^<>pt. :)0, 186.5. 



.-Vugu^tii, b. Jan. !1 




Oct. 



IS. rs 



Charles Sanders 
Springfield, (Seeskei 
of Sandnrs family.) 
IloniPr, b. Sept. 1,18; 
m. Geneivie M. .\0i 
of Windhnni ; d. 
•TamHica, Vt., Dfv. 
1886. 

fi. Abby, b. Aug. 2H. IS: 
m. Ellis M. Eaton 
SprlngHel.i. (S 
sketch of Kilt' 
raniily.) 

7. Emily, l>. Dm'mb 
1837; ■!. Miiy 17.18 

HII.ANDTAPT IklLTELl 
KonofOiarnnimi MaryAi 
line (Tiirr) Itontelle. iviis 
iu Ton-ntilx-nd, April 2, !»■ 
He In El machinist, and t 
workeil ni.tny yi'!ii» i 
(iilnmn & TownBlieiid iu I 
nianufKcture o( lutlifs : 
turning shoe lasts and oil 
irregular shapes, lit- oh 
:ii)<l lives in the Seldcn Co 
house, whei-e VlcivPresidi 
Levi P. Morton iivc<l \\\: 
a boy in .SpiUigflpld. lie ui. X.iv. II, l!*.W. llanlet Auna Wliitcomb. dau^h 
of E/.eklel and riitlniriue (Davis) Whitconib, h. Aug. 16, 18.^8. Ch. : 

I. Knimii Kloul'i', li. Dot. 2.\ IS.i!) : m. Charleii H, 'Boyd. b. April : 
1841. He is a niacliiuist by trade, iind served In the war of i 
Kel>e1liou in Cii. II. lOth llegimnut Vermont, Volunteers. 
II. .Minnie Krtthi-rine, 1). Mriy 5, 1K64. 

Nicholas BH.vini came liert' In 1774, nnd settled on tlie Holden pla. 
above tlie fanu now owned by Cobb & l>erby. lie d. Sept. 7, 18W. Elean 
Bragg, his wife, tl. .Ian. 14, Iti2». agol 112 veins. Cli. : 



■. BOUTELLE. 



OF SPBISGPIELD, VT. 



241 



I. XichoUs, Jr., son of Nicholas, b. Auj;. 5, 1738; came to Spring fteld iu 
1774 and settled at the upper etiil of Beiiver Meadow, weal of Rattle- 
snake Hill. He waaacftrpenteraDdjolDer by tra<lc, audbuiltahouse, 
still alaadlii^, on the Barnard farm, koown as the " Bragg Plaee." 
It la buown that forty births liave occurred withiu its walls, twenty 
beiog the children of Nicholas Bragg, Jr., aud one of them, Ja'mes, 
was the father of Gen. Brastoii Bragg, of the CoHfederale Army. 
Mr. Bragg wasoueoftheorgsni/.erB and one of the first elders of the 
Methodist (Church of this place. He sold Ida farm to .lenniaoit 
Bai'uard, about 1820, and icmoved to Whitefleld, N. II., whci-e he d. 
Jan. i-2, 1B38. He m. lat, Abigail Brown. He ra. ad, Sarah Tarij^ll 
of Cavendish. She was b. March 25, 1777; d. at the home ol her 
son. Rev. Loreiizo D. Bragg at Chiipel Hiil, I'exas, Sept. 11, 1844. 
Ch. by l8t marriage: 

Lydia. 

Betsey. 

Polly. 

Abigail. 

Submit . 

Jemitua. 

(.'atharine. 

Ch. by 2d marriage; 

Caroline, m. Dr. Winch, .if 

WhitcHeld, N. H., whcri' 

ttiey bUH reside (1804). 

Mary Ann, unm.; res. at 

Whitelleld, N. U. 
Nathan Finney, went to 
St. Louis and later lo 
Texas, where lied., leav- 
ing a widow and two 
married daughters. 
. Addiaoti Gardner, b. In 

Springfield, Jau. -i'.i, 1811; w:ik ludiau agent in Iowa, after- 
ward studied medicine, located and m. in Iowa. He m. 2d, 
lu 1839, Ruby Ann Benton, of Xashville, III. He after- 
wanl located at St. Louis, Mo., wheri' he engaged In the 
patent-m<Hllciuc business, being the inveutor aud promoter 
of many patent medicines, notably the " Mexican Mustang Lini- 
meut." He aniasseii a comtortalde fortune, but lost heavily in 
the C^ivil War. He d. Feb. 29, 18CH. at St. Louis. Hia widoiv is 
now (1894) living at I.os Angeles, Cal. ITiere were nine ch. by 
the 2d marriage, oidy three of whom arc now living. (1i, by 
let marriages . 
(1). Oliver Tari*ll,d. in 18E1I. 

(2). Helen Maria, m. Dr. William Appley; res. in Itolla, Mo. 
Oil. by 2d marriage, now living; 




242 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

(3). William Chittenden, a prominent lawyer in St. Louis, ac 
author of law books, who kindly furnished the data f< 
this sketch. (Portrait on page 241.) 

(4). Charles Addison, res. in Philadelphia. 

(5). Alice Gould, m. Albert Sturdy; res. in IvOS Angeles, Cal. 

14. Harry Hildreth, ra. and settled at Mt. Vernon, N. H. Was e 

gaged in business in Boston with W. A. Conant, in the man 
facture of writing desks and fancy boxes. He d. in the W 
leaving two ch., having become wealthy. 

15. Rev. Lorenzo D., went to Texas in 1S40. In 1858 he moved 

Lynn, Mass., and engaged in the manufacture of shoes, ai 
made a fortune. He was twice m. ; d. at Wareham, Mass. J 
ch. 

16. Lizzie, in. McKean ; lived at Lisbon, N. H. ; d. leaving sever 

ch. 

17. Adeline, m.^ Atherton. She d. in St Louis. 

There were four other ch. of Nicholas Bragg, Jr., whose nam 
are not given, twenty-one by both marriages, six sons. Joh 
the oldest, was a bachelor. James, the second child, had oi 
son, Gen. Braxton Bragg of the Confederate Army, who 
without male issue. Nathan had two sons, both of whom 
without ch. Harry had one son Alonzo, who has no son. L 
renzo d. without issue. Addison Gardner had three sons : 
Oliver Tarbell, who d. without issue. 
Charles Addison, who has no son. 
William Chittenden, the author of this sketch, who has oi 

daughter and one son, Harry. 
William Chittenden and his son Harry ai*e the only males no 
living of the Nicliolas Bragg, Jr., stock. 

Daniel Brooks came to this town from VV'estminster, Vt., in 1804, ai 
built a store on the present site of the Woolsou Block. He continued in trai 
until his health failed, when he sold out to his brother, Frederick F. Broofc 
This was about 1816. He also owned a potash kiln just below the barn i 
the Jonathan Martin place, and a blacksmith shop which stood where Mi 
Corbet t lives. He was twice married, the last time to Cynthia Powers, daught 
of Asahel Powers, who had been previously married to Richard McAllister, 
is supposed that she was drowned from a steamboat in the Mississippi Riv< 
Mr. Brooks built and lived in the house so long occupied by the late Jonath) 
Martin. He was an influential business man, prominent among the flrst s( 
tiers of the village. lie d. Jan. 31, 1818, aged 50. 

HOLLis BuGBlSE, SOU of Erastus and Ruth (Fisher) Bugbee, was b. 
Northfield, Vt., June 4, 1839; m. Sept. lo', 1857, Mara A. Van Orman. Ch 
I. Willie E., b. Oct. 24, 1868. 

Levi J. Bu(;bee, son of Erastus and Ruth (Fisher) Bugbee, was b. 
West Fairlee, Dec. 31, 1833; m. Emily M. Earls, daughter of William ai 
Delia (Haywood) Earls. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 243 

Daniel Burbank, sod of Caleb and Lois (Stickiiey) Burbank, was b. at 
Dunimerston, Vt., Oct. 5, 1810; m. March 8, 1836, Lydia Hall, daughter of 
Aaron Hall of Weathersfteld. She d. Oct. 8, 1880. Ch. : 
I. Olive J., b. June 8, 1841 ; ni. Henry E. Lewis ; d. 
If. Horace H., b. April 25, 1844; member of Co. E, 16th Vermont Volun- 
teers; m. Ist, Francelia P. Cook. She d. Nov. 21, 1874. He m. 2d, 
Alice E. Page, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Works) Page. 
They reside in California. Ch. by Ist marriage : 

1. Jennie H., b. Aug. 20, 1867; m. Nov. 8, 1885, Frank A. Hall. 

2. George H., b. Oct. 16, 1869. 

Nathaniel Burokss, son of Jabez and Hannah (Lathrop) Burgess, was 
b. in Wareham, Mass., March 4, 1758. In 1781 he m. Lucretia Scott of TdI- 
land, Conn., and soon after came to Springfleld. They settled on a part of 
what is now the filler place, in Eureka, and about 1790 moved to the farm 
now owned by Parl^er Grimes. Mr. Burgess was one of the earliest members 
of the Methodist Church, and always a Arm supporter of it. His wife, a 
woman of strong individualify, was an active member of the Congregational 
Church, and probably was one of the sixteen members of its organization in 
1781. He d. April 15, 1839. Lucretia (Scott) Burgess d. April 6, 1847, aged 
88 years. ITiey had five sons and one daughter. 

I. Caleb, b. 1782; m. Koxanna Chapin; and his second wife was Jerusha 
Hall. He was a Congregational minister of distinction, a graduate 
of Dartmouth College. He published a volume on the " Atone- 
ment,'' which was widely circulated. lie d. in Watertown, N. Y., 
In 1837. 
II. Dyer, b. Dec. 17. 1784; also a clergyman. He m. 1st, Isabella Ellison 
of Cincinnati, O. He m. 2d, Elizabeth Means of Spartanburg, S. C. 
He was an able preacher, a strong abolitionist, and earnest temper- 
ance reformer, 
in. Nathaniel, b. Jan. 15, 1787; was a physician in Essex County, N. Y. 
IV. Osman, b. Aug. 26, 1792; m. 1st, Experience Stafford; she d. in 1837. 
He m. 2d, Louisa (Bates) Rogers, daughter of Josiah Bates. Cli. by 
1st marriage : 

1. Sarah, b. April 29, 1814. 

2. Susan Stafford, b. Oct. 24, 1816. 

3. George Dyer, b. April 4, 1817. 

4. Charles, b. July 15, 1819. 

5. Frederick W., b. Jan. 20, 1821. 

6. Charles Chapin, b. Feb. 7, 1823. 

7. Elizabeth Ann, b. May 16, 1825. 

8. Samuel Ilinkley, b. 1827. 

9. Harriet Ellen, b. Feb. 20, 1831 ; youngest daughter of Osman and 

Experience (Stafford) Burgess; \u. Elhanan Goodnow (de- 
ceased). She res. in Springtield. 

10. Henry Allen, b. 1831. 

Ch. by 2d marriage : 

11. Henrietta, b. 1840; d. Nov. 20, 1860. 

12. Ada E., b. 1844 ; d. Jan. 31, 1864. 



244 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



BcssellBcrkk, eon of Elijah and Grace (Jeffers) Barke.b. in WestmiDSter ; 
CHine to Sprlngflelii, and wag a promiaeot merchant here a great many yea.m. 
'llle last years of hix ai^tiie life he una in trade in dry goods and general mew 
chaadlae ivlth his brother I dney, undei the name of R. & U. Burke, ntlex^ 
Leland's Block now stands He ni Elba Williims, daughter o( Col. .Toasa- 
than Wltliiima. Ch. : 




I. Husjell Williiimg, wus for iminy years ii prominent merchant hi Bos — 
ton In company with Ahlen Speare, dealing in oil and grtM«rlef :^ 
later he went to Pconaylvania aud New Vork In the oil buatnesi'; 
d, to New York f ity. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 245 

II. George H., a commercial salesman; m. Nellie Sanders, daughter of 
Charles and Augusta (Brown) Sanders, ('h. : 

1. Florence. 

2. Blanche. 

3. Charles. 

III. Charles H., a merchant in Boston and later in New Vork. 

I'DNEY Bt'RKE, SOU of Elijah and Grace (Jeffers) Burke; b. in Westmln- 
t4?r, Sept. 1, 1806; d. May 7, 1888. In his early life he learned the trade of 
ft.iiuer and currier, and settled in Stanstead, Can., and followed his trade for 
number of years. In 1836 he moved to Michigan City, Ind., and after four 
^ars came to Springfield, where for nearly forty years he was one of the 
K-omineut business men, largely engaged in the mercantile and manufactur- 
K g interests of the town. He was one of the organizers of the First National 
»aink, and a member of the Board of Directors. Mr. Burke was originally a 
^^mocrat in politics, but after the formation of the Republican party he be- 
n^me one of its firm supporters. He m. Jan. I, 1833, Mary, daughter of 
.^lexander and Mary (Chaplin) McKinstery, b. in Hoyaltou, Aug. 17, 1812; 
- April 14, 1866. Ch. : 

I. Edmund Chaplin, b. Oct. 5, 1833; m. Jan. 5, 1857, Elnora Mason, b. 
Aug. 24, 1837, d. April 29, 1863. He m. 2d, Sept. 6, 1864, Loantha, 
daughter of Gardner and Lucy Ilerrick, b. June 25, 1844, in Spring- 
field. Ch. by Ist marriage : 

1. Arthur Udney, b. in Springfield, March 25, 1859; m. at Indepen- 

dence, Mo., June 27, 1886, Ida Blankinship; res. in Kansas 
City, Mo. Ch. : 
(1). Velma Elnora, b. August, 1889. 
Ch. by 2d marriage : 

2. Mary Edna, b. April 21, 1867; m. June 29, 1887, Charles H. 

Moore; res. in Springfield. Ch. : 
(1). Edmund Burke, b. May 12, 1888. 

Sylvester Burke, son of Eli and Mary (Adams) Burke, was b. at West- 
rninster, Vt., Aug. 14, 1800; m. Esther H. Shipman, daughter of John and 
i.ucy (Hatch) Shipman of Westminster. Mr. Burke was for many years en- 
gaged in trade at the North Village. He d. in March, 1895. Ch. : 
I. Louisa, b. feb. 14, 1825; m. Bullard B. Chedel. 

II. Elizabeth S., b. Jan. 23, 1831; m. John W. LockWood. She d. Jan. 
10, 1866. (See Lockwood family.) 

III. Esther A., b. Jan. 9, 1835; d. in infancy. 

IV. Amelia M., b. May 18, 1841; m. John C. Watson. She d. Dec. 3, 

1861. 
V. Sydney S., b. Sept. 7, 1844; m. June 11, 1877. Abby l*erham. Ch. : 

1. Adin E., b. Sept. 6, 1882. 

2. Sidney P., b. March 19, 1884. 

3. Fred S., b. Oct. 23, 1887. 

Warren L. Burpee, son of Surry and Rhoda (Laselle) Burpee, b. at Lud- 
low, June 13, 1831; a carpenter and builder; has worked many years at his 



246 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

trade in Springfield ; a man of gre2it energy and industry, alwayg f alfilling 
and generally exceeding the specifications of iiis contracts. He m. May 10, 
1853, Livera C. Spring, daughter of John A. and Delia (Sawtelle) Spring. 
She d. Oct. 2, 1862. He m. 2d, Feb. 14, 1863, Abbie E. Harlow, daughter of 
Willard and Lucretia (Britton) Harlow. She d. April 18, 1886. Ch. by Ist 
marriage : 

I. Charles E., b. Oct. 27, 1855; a carpenter and builder; m. Dec. 24, 

1883, Hattie E. Stearns. She d. July 12, 1885; m. 2d, June 12, ^ 
1889, Nellie J. Gordon. Ch. : 
1. Arthur Warren, b. Jan. 14, 1894. 
Ch. by 2d marriage : 
II. Mary E., b. Jan. 6, 1870. 

Jonathan Bltrk was one of the early settlers in this town. He settled on^:: 
the land now owued by Frederick Fairbanks, about 1790. He m. Lois Parker,^ - 
daughter of Amos Parker. Ch. were Zebulon, Catharine, Asahel, and perhapsi^^ 
others. 

I. Asahel Burr, sou of Jouathan and Lois (Parker) Burr, \ya8 b. about^ 
1795. He went to learn the blacksmith trade of Bartlett Damon^ . 
in Hardscrabble, but left his work to enlist in the army, in the Wai m. 
of 1812. After the war he came back and finished his trade, an^z: 
carried on blacksmithing and hame-making in Hardscrabble foiK* 
many years, until his death. He was the first maker of hames i 
Springfield. He m. Betsey Closson, daughter of Ichabod Closson 
Ch.: 

1. John Wesley, b. 1816; m. Elvira Warner; d. in Cambridgeport r 

Vt., 1890.* 

2. Lucia Ann, b. 1817; ra. A. K. Adams; d. in Walpole, N. H., 1886-« 

3. Catharine, b. 1820; m. William Cook; d. in Hadley, Mass. 

4. Eliza, m. Abel Adams of Rockingham. 

5. Sarah G., m. David M. Smith; d. in Springfield. 

6. Almira, m. Albin K. Geer; res. in Springfield. 

7. Henry C, b. May 10, 1830; m. Hannah Hawkins, daughter <> ^ 

Charles and Caroline (Smith) Hawkins. Ch. : 
(1). Charles II., b. 1855; engaged in telephone business; 
Mary Shark of Webster, Mass. Ch. : 
[1]. Franklin. 
[2]. Carmen. 
[3]. Arthur. 
(2). David W., b. 1861; carpenter in Springfield; m. Estell- 

Abbott. 
(3). Warren A., b. 1864; m. Sarah Ely (deceased). He ni. 2 
Nettie White of Charlestown, N. II. CTi. 1st marriage: 
[1]. Harold E., b. 1886. 

Ch. by 2(1 marriage : 
[2]. Bessie H., b. 1891. 
(4). Albert I., b. 1870. 
(5). Arthur L., b. 1872; in telephone business. 






> 



I 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 247 

ZRA A. Buss, son of Francis and Mary F. (Butler) Buss, b. in Acworth, 
A", i^., Feb. 5, 1856; m. Nov. 16, 1887, Mary Britton (deceasexi), daughter of 
r-sice and Ellen (Fairbanks) Britton; m. 2d, Ada A. Martin, daughter of 
^%r\d C. and Marion (Matteson) Martin; res. in Springfield. 



•XoHAS BUTTERFIELD, SOU of William and Esther (Hale) Buttertteld, was 
^- 1=^<»b. 21, 1810. He d. Sept. 22, 1875. He m. Maria L. Eaton, daughter of 
and Deborah (Marble) Eaton. Ch. : 

I. Jonathan M., b. in Rockingham, July 17, 1833; d. June 6, 1892. He 
lived on the farm once owned by Col. John Barrett on Connecticut 
River, and in the house built by Col. Barrett. He was a prominent 
citizen and held important town offices, always respected and hon- 
ored by his townsmen for hi 5 integrity. He m. Ist, Hannah S. Bailey. 
She d. June 3, 1862. He m. 2d, Eletha Morse, daughter of Loring 
and Maude (Dwinell) Morse of Acworth, N. H. Ch. : 
1. Estella M., b. March 10, 1881. 
II. William E., b. Dec. 29, 1836; m. Harriet A. Bond. 
ClI. Ellen M., b. Oct. 2, 1843. 
IV. Abby H., b. June 11, 1850; d. Sept. 19, 1850. 

^>)RNELnj8 Cain, son of John and Mary (Rive) Cain, was b. in Ireland, 
me 19, 1847; m. Sept. 1, 1866, Ellen M. Murphy, daughter of John and 
^^en (Conlin) Murphy, b. in Ireland, Dec. 2*, 1845. Ch. : 
I. Mary, b. Sept. 30, 1867, nt Dalton, Mass. 
II. Ellen, b. Oct. 5, 1868, at Adams, Mass. 

III. John J., b. Nov. 28, 1870, at Adams, Mass. 

IV. Cornelius, b. Aug. 28, 1873, at Ballston, N. Y. 
V. Annie, b. Jan. 15, 1875, at Ballston, N. V. ; d. Sept. 6, 1876. 

VI. Timothy, b. June 15, 1876, at Ballston, N. Y. 

^U, Julia A., b. July 28, 1880, at Springfield. 

III. Rosie E., b. Jan. 31, 1883, at Springfield. 

IX. Agnes A., b. March 4, 1884, at Springfield. 

Xathan Caldwell was one of the early settlers in this town, and lived 

school district No. 11, between the houses now occupied by Perez Whit- 

and Lyman Whitcomb, where he built a brick house which was recently 

^rn down. He is said to have been one of the best farmers in that section. 

€ had two wives : Ist, Rebecca Safibrd. 2d, Polly House, daughter of David 

ouse. There was a large family of children, but all died before reaching 

atarit}'. The farm was willed to the Congregational Church. 

John Carlet, son of James and Barbara ^McGill) Carley, was b. in 
^Danada ; m. Julia Brown. Ch. : 

I. John X., b. Sept. 29, 1868. 
II. James H., b. Aug. 10, 1871. 

III. Julia E., b. April 5, 1874. 

IV. Mary A., b. April 18, 1876. 

Thomas Carmodtt was b. in Liscannon, Clare County, Ireland, and in child- 
hood came to Greenwich, Conn., with his father. He came to Springfield in 



248 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

1854. Id 1860 he bought a tract of land on the west side of Black 
River, below the falls; built a house there and has done much to improve 
that part of the village. He served under Col. Veazey, in the 16th Vermont 
Regiment, in the war of the Rebellion. He is a man of more than avera^i^e 
ability, and has been employed as a travelling salesman much of the time for 
thirty years by P. O. Dougherty & Sons of New York. He m. Kate Spillane, 
daughter of Michael and Margaret (Pendergrast) Spillane, b. in Ireland. 
Ch.: 

I. James, b. Aug. 14, 1856; m. Maggie Looney. 
II. Edward, b. Sept. 18, 1857; m. Annie O'DouQell. 

III. Kate, b. May 12, 1859. 

IV. Thomas, b. May 17, 1861. 

V. Jennie, b. Jan. 2, 1863; m. Patrick Riley. 
VI. Arthur, b. May 2, 1875. 

Helon M. Carpenter, son of Grin and Phebe (Mason) Carpenter, was 
b. at Kirby, Vt., March 31, 1823. A blacksmith by trade; worked for the 
Vermont Xovelty Works Company a number of years ; member of Co. F, 4th 
Regiment Vermont Volunteers; m. July 22, 1847, Sarah Jane Sawtelle, 
daughter of Kingsley and lliankful (Watkins) Sawtelle of Greenwich, Mass. 
Ch.: 

I. Alfonso H., b. at Ludlow, Vt., Oct. 22, 1850; m. Emma Howard of 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
II. Alice May, b. at Ludlow, Dec. 23, 1854; m. Allen B. Smith; res. in 
Springfield. 

ALBE CHASE FAMILY. 

One of the earliest settlements in the northeast part of the town was 
next to the Haskell farms, then known as the Gov. Wentworth place, 
now owne<l and occupied by G. L. Scofield. It is related by early settlers 
here that ** wild beasts were so numerous that the barnyard was sur- 
rounded by a wall eight feet high with a strong paling upon the top 
to protect their stock in winter when hunger drove them across the river in 
search of food." 

Within the recollection of those now living it has changed ownership 
many times. Consul William Jarvis had it in his possession twice. Edward 
Newton lived there a number of years. Franklin Haskell owned and occu- 
pied it awhile, and it was here that his son, Dudley Chase Haskell, whose 
portrait may be found in another part of this volume, was bom. In the 
spring of 1857 it was bought by Albe Chase, who with his wife and four 
children removed there (from Cornish, N. H.) March 12, and the following 
summer the house was remo4lelled and the old-fashioned chimney eight feet 
square was supplanted by one of modern dimensions. Mr. Chase owned and 
occupied the premises until February, 1869, when his health failing him he 
sold it to George L. Scofield for 84,600, and purchased of Moses Foster for 
^1,350 the small piece of six acres next south, and commonly called the 
Joseph place, where he remauied till his death, which occurred Nov. 18, 
1874, and he was buried in the family burial plot at Keene, X. H. After the 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 249 

death of her husband, Mrs. Chase and the eldest daughter, Sarah M., super- 

^M the management of the place until the spring of 1885, when it was sold 

too. P. Chase of Andover, Mass. ; Sarah M. Chase going to Clareraont, N. H., 

"'lere she now resides, and Mrs. Chase going to Andover, Mass., where she 
feslill living with her two sous, Omar P. and Herbert F. Chase. 

.4Il>e Chase was the son of Stephen and Betsey (Batchelder) Chase of 
Keene, X. H., at which place he was b. July 13, 1812. 

Miriam Chase, wife of Albe Chase, was the daughtei of Moses and Miriam 
(Twitcliell) Chase, of Athol, Mass., where she was b. Sept. 1, 1820. 

All>e and Miriam Chase were m. iu Athol, Mass., Nov. 13, 1838. Five ch. 
of All^e and Miriam Chase are now living. Miss Sarah M. Chase, as previ- 
ously mentioned, res. at Clareraont, X. H. 

^'dlie A., wife of W. H. Haskell, a well-to-do and enterprising farmer in 
the uortheast corner of this town. 

Abbie E., wife of Joseph A. Bowman, a succ^psful business man and 
expressman at Bridgewater, Mass. 

Omar p., now engaged in the meat and provision business at Andover, 
Mass. ; and Herbert F., a thorough and practical machinist, who owns a 
hieycle and sporting-goods store in Andover, Mass. 

Hiland Chandler, son of Elkanah and Mary (Jones) Chandler, b. at 
Chester, March 14, 1847; d. Dec. 8, 1877; m. Paulina, daughter of Parker 
*n(l Martha (Boynton) Tobey. 

^Kouge L. Chapin, son of Heman and Bhoda A. (Lyon) Chapin, b. 
^'- IB, 1852; m. Ella C, daughter of Edward and Emily J. (Randall) Fair- 

^^RLviN Chapman, son of Herbert and Esther (Bailey) Chapman, b. at 
billow, June 5, 1838 ; m. Boxana, daughter of Elijah and Hannah (^Spauld- 
^^ Bends of Cavendish. Ch. : 



^ • Hattie C, b. Oct. 5, 1858 ; m. James 
• I. I^eet, d. 

Charles H., b. Nov. 16, 1861. 
Robert M., b. June 26, 1864. 
Ruby E., b. Nov. 25, 1870. 



CHASE FAMILY. 



Ill 

IV 

V 



1^» "^QUiLA Chase was b. at Cornwall, England, in 1618, and settled at Hop- 
on, N. H., in 1639. He was a mariner and owned a vessel. It is on 



^^^^rd that the provincial government granted him a certain number of acres 
^ ^and on condition that he would remove to Newburyport, Mass., with his 
^^^^1, which he did in 1646. He m. Annie Wheeler of Hampton, N. H., and 

" ^t Newburyport in 1670. 
y^ X>aDiel, the tenth child of Aquila and Annie (Wheeler) Chase, was b. 
^^. 9, 1661. He m. Martha Kimball. 
Tlicir son Daniel was b. Oct. 15, 1702. He was a farmer at Concord and m. 
^I^zabeth CoUins. 



250 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Jonathan, their son, b. March 1, 1733, was a farmer at Hopkinton, N. H., 
and m. Sarah Stickney. He i^omewhat distinguished himself in the French 
and Indian War, being a member of the New Hampshire rangers. His great 
grandsons. Barton W. and Clinton S., have in their possession the sword and 
scabbard bearing his name, and a large, curiously carved wooden spoon, a 
trophy captured from an Indian whom he shot. 

Their son Moses was b. at Hopkinton, N. H., Oct. 30, 1763. He enlisted 
in the Revolutionary Army near the end of the war, which was closed with- 
out his entering active service in the field. He m. Mary Straw, and lived at 
Unity, N. H. He came to Springfield in 1794, and settled on the farm now 
owned and occupied by H. M. Arms. He d. May 14, 1835. His ch. were : 
I. Jonathan, b. at Unity, N. H., Oct. 13, 1789; m. March 11, 1818, 
Sukey Fisher, daughter of Isaac Fisher of Springfield; he d. Oct. 4, 
1851. Ch. : 

1. Moses Fisher, b. Feb. 18, 1819; m. Chloe Ann Clement, b. at 

Croyden, N. H., Dec. 7. 1818; she d. Jan. 7, 1867; he d. June 15, 

1872. Ch. : 

(1). Lucy Maria, b. ; d. May 24, 1870. 

(2). James J., b. ; d. Feb. 17, 1865. 

2. Mary Elisabeth, b. Dec. tO, 1821 ; m. Nov. 16, 18.37, Edwin P. 

Whitmore ; d. July 12, 1841 . Ch. : 

(1). Susan Elisabeth, b. May 25, 1839. 

(2). Marion Parker, b. Feb. 16, 1841; m. Daniel A. Wheeler; 
res. in New Jersey. 
II. Leonard, b. in Springfield, July 11, 1797. After leaving the district 
school he attended academies a short time, and studied Latin with 
Rev. R. Smiley, who was a graduate of Dartmouth College. 
Unfitted for active physical w^ork by an accident while skating, 
which caused temporary lameness, his mind turned to the study of 
medicine, and he entered the office of Dr. J. P. Batchelder of 
Charlestown, X. H. He graduated at Middlebury, Vt., in 1821. 
Excepting a year's practice in Western New York, his entire medi- 
cal work was done in Springfield. His long and useful career as a 
physician was due to a good judgment, to his love for his profes- 
sion, and to the fact that he kept up, in his professional reading, 
with the progress of the age. He was one of the original members 
of the Connecticut River Medical Society, of which he was once 
president. 
His taste for the natural sciences and his interest in farming con- 
tinued through life. Always owning more or less land, he was a 
progressive farmer. For many years he was half owner of the 
mills at North Springfield, built by the late Joel Griswold, which 
have been of great value to that portion of the town. He was 
interested in the cause of education, and first conceived the idea of 
establishing the Springfield Wesleyan Seminary. In 1844, when 
the Methodist denomination built a new church in the village, thus 
vacating the old building on the hill, he suggested to Rev. Mr. 
Aspinwall that it be converted into a denominational school. 'Hie 




z. 



Ch ^Ci»-i '/i-t ^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 251 

conference which met in Springfield that year indorsed it, and he, 
with others, raised the money to put the building in repair. This 
institution was of great value to the town in many ways. Taking 
great interest in the public library when the seminary closed, 
he contributed with others to secure a handsome fund from the 
sale of the seminary property to endow the present fine town 
library. 

As a Anancier Dr. Chase had the confidence of the public in a high 
degree, and was one of the commissioners appointed to distribute 
the stock of the Exchange Bank; and when the banking system of 
the country changed, he was one of those who organized the First 
National Bank, in which he was a director. He also took an active 
part in getting a charter for the Savings Bank, and was a memi)er 
of the investing board that commenced the plan of sending money 
West, in the face of prejudice, which lias resulted so successfully 
for that institution. Possessed of quite ample means, by industry, 
economy, and judicious investment, never by speculation, he has 
left an example and an eucouragement to all young men who 
commence as he did with very little. 

Spending the last twelve years of his life with his sons at Detroit, 
Mich., he returned to Springfield every summer as long as his 
health allowed him to do so, gliid to meet here the few remaining 
friends of his early years, and taking a deep interest in the pros- 
perity of his native town. Here, as was his wish, he lies buried. 
He d. at Detroit, May 26, 1888, in the eighty-sixth year of his age. 
In 1825 he m. Eliza, eldest daughter of Leonard and Betsey (Parker) 
Walker, who d. in 1869. They had two sons : 

1. Barton Walker, b. July 27, 1827. He fitted for college at Spring- 

field and at Meriden, N. H., and graduated from Dartmouth 
College in 1847. He graduated in medical studies three years 
later. After teaching several terms, he practised medicine in 
Vermont, at Galena, ills., and at Eau Claire, Wis., after which 
he was in the drug business in Springfield, and in Detroit, 
Mich., where he removed in March, 1871. Since 1879 ho has 
been engaged in the real-estate business and in loaning money. 
April 2, 1864, he m. Sarah J. (Sherwin) Barrett, b. Dvc. lo, 
1836, daughter of Charles and Sarah (Griswold) Sherwin of 
Weathersfield, Vt. They have two sons : 

(1). Charles Sherwin, b. Jan. 8, 1866. 

(2). George Leonard, b. July 12, 1868. 

2. Clinton Straw, b. May 25, 18.31. He fitted for college at Spring- 

field Wesleyan Seminary, and graduated from Dartmouth Col- 
lege in 1852. He studied medicine at Castleton and in New 
York City, and received hi^ degree of M. I), in 1855. He 
practised medicine two years, was in the drug business in 
Eau Claire, Wis., in Springfield, and in Detroit, Mich., until 
1879, since which time he has been engaged in loaning money, 
and in the real-estate business in Detroit, where he has lived 



2d'2 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

siQce 1871. Oct. 28, 1869, he m. Harriet Eliza, b. Jan. 22, 1S45, 
daughter of Charles and Sarah (Griswold) Sherwin of Weatbers- 
tteld, Vt. Their eh. are : 

(1). Annie Sherwin, b. Aug. 23, 1870; d. Nov. 5, 1871. 

(2). Alice Sherwin, b. Jan. 6, 1873. 

(3). Alfred Walker, b. Feb. 21, 1875. 

Nathanikl Coggswell and his wife Susannah (Lakeman) Coggswell 
were among the early settlers of this town, and lived in the west part of the 
town, south of the Paul Clark fann. 

Joiix Chase, son of John and Eliza (Parker) Chase, was b. in Weathers- 
field, Vt., Dec. 7, 1795. He came to Springfield in 1851 and located in Spencer 
Hollow, on the farm now owned by his son, John D. Chase, where be d. 
April 27, 1871. He m. April, 1S24, Lucy Sherwin : she d. Feb. 14, 1872. Ch. : 
I. John D., b. Oct. 16, 1825; res. on homestead in Spencer Hollow. 
He ra. Alphleda Benson, Aug. 6, 1849. Ch. : 
1. Dwight, b. April 13, 1860. 

Edgar E. Chatsey, son of Job and Emily (Oliver) Chatsey, b. at Ricb> 
ford, Dec. 18, 1861; m. Harriet A., daughter of Lucieu and Elvira (Bates) 
Hoisington of Weathersfield. Ch. : 
I. Elroy S., b. Dec. 20, 1885. 
11. Malvina Gertrude, b. Oct. 22, 1894. 

Ballari» B. Chedel, son of George and Polly (Newton) Chedel, was b. 

at Porafret, Vt., June 22, 1819; m. May 13, 1845, I^uisa Burke, daughter of 

Sylvester and Esther H. (Shipman) Burke. He is a clergyman, and from 

1874 to 1881 was pastor of the Second Advent Church at North Springfield. 
Ch.: 

I. Helen I., b. March 3. 1846. 

li. Emma L., b. Sept. 17, 1849; m. Frank L. Keith. 

ril. Lizzie E., b. Feb. 15, 1854; m. George F. Earle. 

James Chipman, son of Samuel Chipman, was b. at Westminster. Vt., 
Oct. 1. 1798; m. Nov. 29, 1826, Almira Harlow, daughter of Barnum and 
Susan (Reed) Harlow, b. Feb. 21, 1807. Ch. : 

I. Mary, b. Sept. 2:^, 1827; m. Cbarles E. Stevens. 
II. Sarah, b. Feb. 26, T829; m. Horatio Holmes; deceased. 

III. James K., b. Sept. 1, 1831 : m. Maria Beard ; deceased : m. 2d, Jennie M. 

Jones; she d. Oct. 25, 1893. 

IV. George L., b. Feb. 15, 1834; m. Marietta Gibson. 
V. Charles II., b. Aug. 19, 1838; m. Julia Johnson. 

VI. Almira E., b. Aug. 4, 1840; m. W. C. Dingan. 

.TOHX Chipman, son of Samuel and Anna (Eraser) Chipman, was b. in 
Westminster, Vt., Nov. 29, 1800. He came to Springfield in 1825, and. in 
l)artnership with his brother, Samuel Chipman, engaged in the manufacture 
of hats and caps. In 1832 he sold his interest in the business and accepted 
t lie ottice of sheriff*, which he held for eight years. During six years of this 
time he was constable, and two years selectman. He afterwards bought back 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



hie business and changed the shop Into a 9tore for the sale of hatu, caps, and 
(nra, and conttuued iu trade until 1871. Nov. 10, 1820, he m. Gniciii Bates, 
daughter of Dea. Phineas Bates, and they lived to celebrate their golden 
wedding, which was larj^ely attended by relntives ftn<1 friends. Mr. Oiipman 
was one of those longest in trade in town, and strictly upright in all hia 
dealtngs. To a large circle ot friends Hr. and Ura. Chipman were familiarly 
known as Uncle John and Aunt Gracia, and their home was a favorite resort 
for all their relatives, who knew from experience of the weil-Illled Inrder and 
famous cooking of their hostens. He d. Sept. 2, 1881. Mrs. Chipman d. 
Jan. 17, 1890. Ch.: 

I. Gracia Ann, b.Sept. 
30, 1830; unm.; 
res. in Sprlnglleld. 
II. John Henry, I). June 
16, 1832; m. Sarah 
Beckley of Wea- 
thersfield; res. at 
Bellows Fails. 
Two ch. ; 
I. Frank H., b. in 

18IU. 

i. Fannie U.,b. hi 

1876. 

III. Fhineas Bates, I). 

Feb. 25, 1834; d, 
Sept. 30, 1882. 

IV. .Samuel Lincoln, b. 

Sept. 18, 1840; has 
been for many 
years in the rail- 
way mall service : 
res. In Springfleld. 
Josm-H R. UnuBCH, son 

of Pliny and >;ilz.ibeth 

(Bipley) Church, was h. at 

Woodstock, Vt., .Tune 2:t, 

1819. lie was a machiiii»>l. 

and worked for Gilmnii & 

.Son several years, lie ni. 

iBt, Luthera Hall: she il. 

July 14,1862; m. 2d, .Sariili E. (Frost) Church, widow of Cliarlefl f. Chuicii. 

and daughter of Hev. Pinekney and Kllza1)eth (Quiiul.y) Frost. He d. iu 

18113. Ch. by 1st ni:irr1)ige: 

1. Ella L., b. Miirih 3, 1863; m. Frank C. Alwood. 
II. Joseph E., d. in Infancy. 

Ch. by 2d luarriage ; 
III. Mary E,, b. Slay 22, 1867. 




254 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Chakles C. Chcrch m. Sarah E. Fropt : he d. Oct. 4, 1863. Ch. : 
I. Charles A., h. Sept. 5, 1859; graduated from medical department of 
the University of Vt., and is a physician in Bloomingdale, Essex 
Co , New York ; m. April 27, 1884, Carrie M. Porter. She d. leavino: 
onech.: Clara L., b. Dec. 3, 1886; m. 2d, Carrie Noble : one ch. : 
Charles Noble, b. Feb. 14, 1893. 
Thomas Clissold, son of Thomas and Catharine (Noon) CHssoId, was b. 
at Oxford, Mass., July 4, 1844; m. Lizzie N. Keyes, daughter of Jonathan 
and Irena (Harriman) Keyes. Ch. : 

r. Walter K., b. at Litchfield, Me.» Dec. 13, 1870. 
IL Irena, b. at Springfield, Jan. 26, 1872. 

Henry Closson was b. in Springfield, Vt., Feb. 1, 1799, and was the 
youngest son of a family of nine children. His father, Ichabod Closson. was 
a farmer, having bought his land on Parker's Hill of Isaac Parker in 1794. 
He d. May 8, 1808. At his father's death Henry Closson was taken in charge 
by his maternal uncle, Noah Safibrd, likewise of Springfield, and under him. 
much against his own will, he learned the carpenter's trade. In the summer 
of 1817 Mr. Saftbrd went to Rochester, N. Y'., to fulfil a contract he had 
obtained, taking his "'prentice" with him. At the end of the summer, 
however, he finally yielded to the requests of his nephew, and bestowed upon 
him his freedom and ten dollars besides. With this amount, the accumulateil 
wages of eleven years' service, Henry Closson set out on foot from Rochester 
for Springfield. The last day's journey brought him from Manchester. Vt., 
to Springfield, with his capital stock reduced to $1.50. He studied during the 
rest of the fall in Isaac Holton's law ofiice, over W. H. Wheeler's drug store, 
the same now occupied by J. W. Pierce, and in the winter taught school, as 
he did for several years after, the ordinary pay for a twelve weeks' term 
being $36 ; once he received $40. In 1818 he attended Chester Academy for 
three terms. In his twentieth year he began the study of law in the ofiice of 
Judge Asa Keyes, then of Putney, Vt., and continued with him until ad- 
mitted to the bar at Newfane, Vt., March term, 1824. The same year he 
began practice at Mt. Clemens, Mich., and remained till 1826, when he move<i 
to Lodi, N. Y., where he practised two years. He then went to Whitingham. 
Vt., where he remained five years. In 1835 he returned to Springfield, and 
remained through life in the practice of his profession. He was town clerk 
from 1836 to 1844, and State's attorney for the county in 1840-42. In July. 
1856, at the death of Judge Dutton, he was appointed by Gov. Fletcher 
probate judge for the district of Windsor, and was annually elected to the 
office for twelve years thereafter, till 1868. He was a member of the legisla- 
ture in 1839 and 1840, a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1870, and 
a delegate to difTerent nominating conventions of his party. For many year's 
previous to his death was clerk of the Cong. Society. He d. April 24, 1880. 
In 1867 or 1S68 Judge Closson wrote a brief history of Springfield. It wa« 
not printed, but to him and his work the compilers of this volume are in- 
debted for many facts with which he was familiar, and for much information 
contained in his manuscript. He m. June 1, 1830, Emily Whitney of Marl- 
boro, Vt. ; she d. Nov. 16, 18S6. Ch. : 

I. Henry Whitney, b. June 6, 1832. He gradi^ate^ at West Point, and 
at the outbreak of the Rebellion was a captain in the First I'nited 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



StHtea Artillery, «U(1 served with pmlaeot dUtlactlou during the 
war. He was In do lean ihito twenty eugajfe meats, from the bom- 
bardment o( Fort Pifkens, Fla., In 1861, to the liattle of Cedar 
Creek, Va., Oct. 19. 1861. He was brevetted major, .Inly 8, 1863, 
and lii^utenant colonel, Aug. 23, ISG4, for gallantry at Fort Hud- 
sou, MisB., and at the eapture of VoH Morgan. Ala, He Is now 
(1804) colonel of the Fifth Regiment, United States Heavy Artil- 
lery. He m. Oct. 16, IS-V, Olivia A. Burke, daughler.ef Tdnry and 
Mary (McKlnstry) Burke of SpriugllelU. She d. at Foil Schuyler. 
N. v., .lune 21, Igfifl. Tuo eh. 

Emily Safford, l>. 
Sept. 26, 1833; m. 
Dr.A.M.Fellows; I 
res. at Parsons. | 
Kau. 

fiershom l.yman, b. 
April 20, 1638: 



Springfield, and 
latei- with George 
W. Smith of While; 



Klvei 



Junction. 



Heisatthepreeent 
time ( 18S4) cashier 
of the First Na- 
tional Bank of 
Spriugti.!ld. He 
m. May 21, 1862, 
T.ljia W. Loveland 
of Springliel'l. 
Ch. : 
1. John Hetiry, li. 
Aug. 14, 1866. 










laud, b. April I 

14, IS7;t; m. 

Addle Piirkfr_ gersmom l. closson. 

<lnught<T of 

Nelson Parker of Springfield. He \s teller lu First Xatlonal 

Bank, Springfield. 
Sarah Jane, h. Xov. 26, 1844: m. May 31, 1865, Henry M. Arms. (See 

Arms family.) 
Frank Hubbard, I). Feb. 10, 1848: d. .\ug. 20, 1848. 

COBB FAMILY. 

s b. In 1716, is supposed t 



OF 8P11INGF1ELD, VT. 



257 



VI. Dr. Mosea, b. Aug. 28. 1784, Was h pliysidiiii in Spiiogtlelil. where 
lie practiaed niaoy years, and liveil in tlie house now owned by 
Robert M. Colburn. He m. Minlliii Pi'entiM, ami Inte In life went 
to Kalamazoii, Mich., where he ami his wife (I. Oi- : 

1. Mary Auo. 

•i. Prentiss. 

3. Moses Rush. 

■1. EliTiibeth. 

5. TliomHB. 

6. Stephen. 

7. Cliailes. 

8. Sarah, 
Vil. Salmon, h. July ia, 

1786; d. July 27, 
1781). 
VIH. Nomlas, b. .Fan. 14, 
1790; m. Nov. 14, 
1813,MerillBntt'^. 
He WHS a lawyer, 
and practiseil in 
SpringAeld: a 
prominent man in 

IX. Ann,b.Mayl8,t:s>2; 

m. (,'hnrles Jones 

ot ClareiiLont, N. 

II. Xine oil. ; alie 

d. March 16, 1857. 
X. Marilla, b. Feb. 22, 

17W;d. March -28, 

1808. 
William H. Conn was 
b. in Randolph, Vt., July 
14, 18:j4. Engaged in farm- 
ing until twenty-one years otage: was then thn'e years in (lliuois; 
afterwards engaged in trade in a country i^tore at Asculneyvilie, Vt., and in 
1868 came to Springlleld, where he has Iteen continuously In business Bince. 
(Hee Coijb & Derby.) He. ni. Ellen M. Diggins (deeeasedl of Weathersfleld. 
Ch.: 




I. COBB. 



Hattte E., m. K. A, Hills. 
11. Horace M., d. at age of Ave years. 
"" William F., b, Dec. 12, 1875. 



III. 



8TLVE9TEK CuBUitN, b. Oct. 22, 1805; ni. March 7, 183.1, l.ncy A. Davis, 
b. Oct. 21, 1S03. They came to Springfield in 1882 to live with tlielr son, 
Ansel O. Ooburn, Lucy A. Coburu d, Aug. 30, 1884. Sylvester Coburn d, 
Jan. 4, 1891. Seven ch.r 

I. Francis J., d. in hospital near Belle I'lain, Va., April 17, 1863. 



HISTOIIY OK THE TOWN 



AiHi'l (>., I>. Id Uciiilint;. Fi'li. >, 1840. Came to !<piiugfleld iu 1857, 
UDil worked for Eti ward [iighiim in stove, hardwiirc, und tiaware 
shop. He eulisied Aug;. Hi 1801, in Co. C. 4th RegimeDt Vennont 
Volunti'tTS. .iiid Wiis disohnrKetl (or digahllilj, Mny 14, 1862. From 
18(U to 1867 he wa^ In tlie stove and hunlware trade in .SpriiiglicUU 
one of the flmi nf Jonathan Martin i£ Co.. and later of Hiirlow A 
ColiiirD. He was then in the stove and pluinliin); liugluess iu llut- 
liind until 1871, when he returned to Sprin)ffield, and was oounecitil 
with the Co-operative Mauu- 
racturiu;;!: Company, then 
<iiie of the Unu nf Johnson 
& Colnini, dealers in stoves 
nnd tinware. 'Hils Ann fnU 
In Putnam & PulMpher. .iuil 
-Mr. t'ohuru wa:" for a time 
inihehideandlurtraiie with 
II. A. Perkins. Iu Sept- 
enilHT. 1886, he t)on>;tit the 
hardware store ami stove 
and tinwan-liuslne.y of W. 
H. ]]. Putnam, aixl ilid an 
extensive and proIitaWe 
liuMuesA uutll iUiy. 1S91. 
when he sold out to Pi>uil. 
(iri<lley A Co. He was a 
charter member of J.irvir; 
Post. Xo. 4;l, G. A. R., anil 
adjutant of the Post. In 
1S90 he was conimatider, anil 
aid on the statT of dpi)art- 
nienl eomniamler. Col. Z, M. 
Mansur. He m. l>ec. 31. 
ISKi. Mary S. Walker. 
<1an);hter of John O. Walker 
iif Spriiiicfleld, who d. Jao, 
3. 1877. lie m. '2d, Jan. 1. 

ANSEL O COBUHN ,^.j,_ j,^,^,, ,j y^^,.,, ,,j 

WeathereHeld : res. iu 
SprinfTfli'I.I. »li. I.y 1*1 nit.-: 
I. Kiia n.. I<. inl:^6.>. 
'. .lennie I... I., ill ISTi. 




.Ii-^KI-ll W. r..l.L(l l; 
In Clarvmont, X. H.. o 
diiecd to extreme piivi' 
thrown njinn hi^ own 

J 
ti Ixi 



Li ol -Simeon atnl Aiji-tiiil (Vow) Colburn. was li. 
14ih or April. ISOO. Hi* parent.* had l>een re- 
y misfortunes. At the ajie of ten years he was 
urei'S for a livelihnoil, and after he was fifteen 
earnings, exL'i'pting those needed for his 
■ill his distressed parents. At the afce of 




•^6c)^if^St^-.~~^, 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 259 

twenty-two his father died, after which for seventeen years he supported, 
with the assistance of a 3'ouuger brother, an aged and infirm mother, when 
she too was gathered witli the dead. 

Having no money or opportunities for gaining an education, except those 
afforded by the district schools of that day, lie availed himself of these 
privileges for two or three months in each year, until he had attained his 
eighteenth year. His natural taste for reading and great desire for knowl- 
edge induced him to read carefully all the books within his reach, and at a 
very early age he devoted his first earnings to the purchase of an interest in 
a public library. His life afibrds an eminent example of the way the public 
library will iufiuence the life and shape the character of a youth struggling 
with poverty, but thirsting for know ledge and culture. 

Strongly attached to agricultural life he devoted himself to farming; 
Was long known as one of the most successful farmers of the State, never 
having forgotten his early reading of that renowned maxim^ " Time is money, 
economy is wealth." 

While steadily following the pursuit of a farmer he was often called upon 
to occupy honorable positions in the town, county, and State, all of which he 
filled to the acceptance of the people, and made himself master of every posi- 
tion to which he was called by the suffrages of his fellow-citizens. He was 
three years a senator from Windsor count)', and was marked as a thinker of 
remarkable clearness, and a comprehensive writer upon important public 
questions. As chairman of a special committee of the Senate he made an able 
and exhaustive report upon the intricate question of tariff. This document 
was widely noticed in the press of the State, and is published in Senate Jour- 
nal of 1840. He was one of the assistant judges of the Windsor County Court 
for four consecutive years, and it was the earnest desire of the people that he 
retain the office; but he declined — his love of the farm and domestic life pre- 
sented stronger attractions for him. He was successful as a financier, and 
was one of the founders of the Exchange Bank at Springfield, and its 
president from its organization until it was supplanted by the First National 
Bank of Springfield, of which he was president at the time of his death. He 
was a member of the Council of Censors in 1870, and one of its foremost 
members, taking a large part in its deliberations. 

Judge Colburn, as an agricultural writer, was well known, and his articles 
in the public journals attracted wide attention, as they always gave evidence 
of a discriminating mind. He had at one time and another contributed to the 
columns of nearly every agricultural journal in the country. His articles in 
1866 and 1867 upon " Protection to American Wool Growers/' were very gen- 
erally read and were of great influence in shaping the national legislation upon 
that subject. 

Judge Colburn was one of the founders of the Vermont State Agricultural 
Society, and a director from its organization. He was its president in 1865 
and 1866, and for the last ten years of his life the treasurer, and guarded its 
interests and funds with such watchful care that it never failed to pay its pre- 
miums ; and though the treasury was empty when he took it, at the time of 
his death there was a fund of more than ten thousand dollars. 



260 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Judge Colbarn died at his home in Springfield Feb. 17, 18il. He died as 
he had lived, in a quiet, happy frame of mind, surrounded by a devoted family, 
and the comforts which his own industry had earned, at his beautiful farm 
'^ Mont Vale" (formerly a part of the Gen. Lewis R. Morris farm), wliich he 
had made attractive and productive by constant attention. His habits of life 
were simple, his wants few, and his integrity of character was never ques- 
tioned. He was independent in thought and speech, his motives were above 
suspicion, and his life worthy of emulation. 

He m. Feb. 10, 1840, Emily Edgerton, daughter of Eliphalet and Wealthy 
(Willard) Edgerton, b. in Hartford, Vt., March 21, 1810; d. in Springfield, 
Jan. 22, 1888. Ch. : 

I. Emily Josephine, b. Dec. 12, 1842; m. Nov. 28, 1868, Dr. Reuben A. 
Bacon of Washington, D. C, who d. Feb. 14, 1885; she d. in Wash- 
ington, Nov. 18, 1880. Ch. : 

1. Robert Morris Colburn, b. March 5, 1874; a student in Dart- 

mouth College. 

2. Emily Josephine, b. Xov. 12, 1880; lives with her uncle, Robert 

M. Colburn. 
II. Robert Monis, b. Dec. 6, 1844; m. Dec. 23, 1884, Sarah Elizabeth 
Wheatly, b. at Brookfield, Vt., June 19, 1853. On the death of his 
father he succeeded to the management of the estate, which, by 
careful attention and judicious investments, he has largely in- 
creased. He has always been prominent in town afiairs, and has 
l>eeu honored with important trusts. In 1880 he represented the 
town in the State Ix»gislature, and is one of the directors of the 
First National Bank. Mr. Colburn is much interesteil in historical 
research, and in all matters pertaining to public education, and as 
one of the trustees of the Public Librarj-, has taken great care in 
the selection of books, and much pains to make the library of value 
to the town. Ch. : 

1. Frank Wheatly, b. Aug. 10. 1886. 

2. Alice Ada, b. May 10, 1891. 

Robert Constantixe, son of Joseph Constantine, was b. in England, Jan. 
28, 1851 : m. May 15, 1875, Mary Roe, daughter of John and Sarah Roe. Ch. : 
Joseph, Albert, Ada, Herbert, John. 

AuRELfAN J. Cook, son of Justin and Annie (Porter) Cook, was b. at 
Hanover, N. H., March 25, 1815: m. Sarah Parker, daughter of Stephen and 
Mary (Bellows) Parker. Oi. : 

I. Aurelian, h. March 8. 1844; <1. in iufancv. 
H. George O., b. May 28, 1845; d. in infancy. 
ni. Flont K., b. Aug. .'^ 1848; d. in infancy. 
IV. Frances A., b. April 30, 1850; ni. Albert N. Johnson. 
V. Franklin A., b. Sept. 8, 1852; m. 1st Emma J. Adams; she d. Aug. 13 
1883; ni. 2d, Susan Smart, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Boutelle) 
Smart. Ch. 1st marriage: 
1. .Uvah J., b. April 5, 1874. 
VI. Frederick A., b. Feb. 14, 1854; m. Belle Holden. 



OF SPRIKGFIELD, VT. 



John Cook, son of Johu W. and Sylvia (Miller) Cook, was b. at Newfane, 
Vt., May4, 1847; m. Belle M. Eatou, daughter of Charles W. and Pauline 
(Puffer) Eaton. Ch. : 

I. LUlft Belle, b. Nov. 30, 1884. 




James S. Cook, bou ot Otis and Betsey (Tobey) Cook. wash. Id Chester, Vt., 
Dec. 3, 1812; d. lu Springfield, Aug. 31, 18S7;ra.Muy 19,1844, Naney B. 
Martin, daughter of EphraJni auii Xancy (Ilayvvood) Slavtln. Ch. : 

I. Francelia P., b. April 1,1816; ni. May 1, 18(i6, Horace It. Burbauk; 
shed. Nov. 21, 1874. 



HISTORY OF THE TOWS 



II. MHrtiii S.. Herbert F., and Frank U. ilied ronng. 
Uarvis ■!. Cook, eon uf Anson J. and Achsa (Hewitt) Cook, was b. &t 
Pawtet, Vt., .Tulf 10, 1834; m. Jan. 3, IS53, Add R.. danghter of LewU and 
Betsey (EIlisoD) Lockwood. Ch. : 

I. Kdgnr H.; in. Nellie, daughter of Joseph and Maty (Boatelle) Smart. 
Ch.: 
1. EdRar M.. b. Nov. 3, 1886. 
TtiOXAS Cook, who i-ame from .lohustou, R. I., to Spiingfleld, about IT!IS, 
m. Mrs. Betsey Turner, whose maiden name was Cook. He died In New 
York State. Ch.: 

I. Ilopestill, d. aged 2 yenra. 
II. Edward, moved to Canaiia, where he died. 

III. UHver, d. in infaney. 

IV. Otiver2d wash, hi' Johnston, R. I., Aug. 29, 1781: m. in 1804, Polly 

Bruce, dnuxhtcr of Joseph and Philadelphia (Wheeler) Bniire. 
Uer parents were early settler* of BMltimore, Vt. Thej- were 
Quitkcr:>, and troth dleil tiic Siimi; day and were'lHiried in the »ame 
grave. Her grandfather was nil :ud on Ueu. Washington's staff 
during (he Keviilutli.u. Oliver il. Aug. 20, 1863. 'niev had eight 
ihildren : 

1. BariiaA.,rcs.inChepler. 

2. Selden, b. in Springfield, 
May 4. 1B08. He s|ieot 
his early life on hU 
father's farm, HI tending 
[hedlstrict schools, and 
at theage of twenty-one 




edhisi 



tile life. Hew 



sforti 



Vt., after which he came 
to Springfield, and tvas, 
until hif death, a iner- 



chaat 



< Ihls I< 



In 



politics, originally a 
Whig, he joiueil I he Re- 
publican party on its 
orgaDl7.atioii. He 



Jan 



15. 



1S29, Man 



(Barrett) Bnchelder. b, 
in Baltimore, Vt., Nov. 
14. 1808. They were 
both members of the 
Congregational Church 



OF SPKIN(iFIELD, VT. 2t)3 

in Springfield over forty years. Oh. : 
(I). Mary Ellen, b. in Cavendish, June 5, 1830; d. Aug. 6, 1832. 
(2). Rosella, b. in Spriugtield, Nov. 21, 1833; d. Deo. 26, 1835. 
(3). Ellen Maria, b. Feb. 7, 1840; widow of Col. O. S. Tuttle; 

res. in Springfleld. 
(4). George Selden, b. Sept. 27, 1841 ; res. at Bellows Falls. 
(5). Adams Perkins, b. Oct. 2, 1844; d. Aug. 26. 1846. 
(6). Everett B., b. Jan. 30, 1852. Engaged in the shoe business 
in Springfleld. lie m. Jennie O. Wolfe. Ch. : 
[1]. Bernice. 
[21. May. 
[3]. Bruce. 

3. Seymour O., d. in Chester. 

4. Mary Ann, d. single. 
n. Franklin B., d. young. 

6. Charlotte R., widow of Rev. Isaiah Shipman; res. at Lisbon, N.H. 

7. I^ewis E., was b. at Westmorland, N. H., Nov. 10, 1819: he d. 

March 31, 1886, in North Springfleld :. he m. June 22, 1844, 
Abby Winchester, daughter of David and Abigail (Clark) Win- 
chester. Ch. : 
(1). Walter, b. Oct. 15, 1845; d. Sept. 13, 1863. 
(2). Edward, b. July 19, 1848; m. Sarah A. Ellis. 
(3). Jane, b. July 4, 1851 ; d. Aug. 14, 1863. 

(4). Morris W., b. Sept. 24, 1S57; m. 1st, Jessie R. Lockwood; 
she d. June 5, 18S3; m. 2(1, Aug. 24, 1886, Carrie S. Olney, 
daughter of Richard and Caroline (Glynn) Olney. Ch. by 
1st marriage: 
[1]. Jessie A., b. March 22, 1883. 

8. Susan B., widow of Solomon Winchester; res. in North Spring- 

fleld. 
V. Whipple, d. in Canada. 
VI. Otis, d. in Springfield. 
VII. Cliarlotte, who d. single, ageti 80 years. 

Lucius M. Cragin, son of Moses A. and Emeliue R. (Beckwith) Crsigin, 
was born Dec. 26, 1855, at Acworth, N. H. ; graduated from the New Hamp- 
shire College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts; a prominent farmer; member 
of the school board, and superintendent of schools, since 1891. He m. March 
30, 1881, Flora M. Grimes, daughter of Parker H. and Lucy A. (Beckwith) 
Grimes of Springfleld. Ch. : 

I. Maude A., b. April 15, 1886. 

Eleazer Chain, M. D., came to Springfleld from Walpole, N. IL, in 1815 
or 1816, and for thirty years was one of the leading physicians. He invente<i 
a spinal supporter which was manufactured in this town. His wife was Sarah 
Foster of Walpole, N. II. He died Nov. 15 ,1845, aged nearly sixty years. Ch. : 



HISTOKi' OF THE TOWN 



1. Heury F., oldest sou of Dr. Eleazer, studied medlclae with hU father 
and with Dr. Amos Twitcbel, ot Keene, N. H. : gmdiuited from 
Mudical DeparlmeDt of Dirtmuuth College In 1831; practised in 
SpringAeld unti! 1882. nheii he neut to Rutlaud, where his soa, 
Mark Richards, was iu praclice with him ; he d. at Rutland. He 
m. Helen A. Porter, diiughter o( S»muel W. Porter of Springfield. 



Hi : 




1. HeIenAnu,h.May7,I83i). 

2. Fannj Louise, b- Sept. 1, 

1*42: d. 

3. Alia Porter, b. Nov. 22, 

184.1. 

4. I,lila Merab. b. Dec. 18, 

1848: d. Aug. lli, 1876. 

.">. .Mary Rioliards, b. Sept. 
14. 18.50. 

(i. Harry Richards, b. Aug. 
19, 18o2; d. Aug. 12, 
1851. 

7. Mark Richards, b. Nov. 
10, 18.i5: studied iiie<li- 
ciue with his father; 
gradunte<l from Medical 
Department of Uiuvcr- 
sityof Vermont ill 1879; 
began the practice of his 
prof esfi ion in Spring- 
He Id. but in October, 
1882. located in Rutland, 
Vi., where he is in a 
successful practice 
(1SS14). Hem.AbbieA. 
Ailums of Fitlsford, Vt. 

H. Noble .loohua, b. Feb. 19. 
1861: m. Josie H. 
Branshaw of Rutland, 
VI. Ch.: 



IV. .Toshua. 
V. Mar 



VI. Sarah. 

VII. Xoblcl. 

VIII. Frederick, fifih son of Dr. EIcii/ 

Vermont Volunteers : was chi 

of company: promoted capiai 

States Voluutet-rs. May 18, : 



r Craiu. enlisted in Company A, 3d 
en IsC lieutenant at the orgaulxation 
and assistant (|uarterroaster United 
(64 ; brevetted major of volunteers 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 265 

March 13, 1865, and lieutenant-colonel of volunteers, Dec. 2, 1865, 
for faithful and meritorious service; mustered out Feb. 8, 1866. 
He d. Nov. 6, 1871. He m. Martha B. Williams of Weathersfleld ; 
shed. Dec. 2, 1875. Ch. : 

1. Mary E., b. Dec. 7, 1857. 

2. Fred W., b. July 15, 1859. 

3. Henry E., b. Jan. 5, 1864. 

4. Susan E., b. July 24, 1867. 

5. bora Phelps, b. Oct. 21, 1869. 
IX. Francis. 

X. Pauline. 
XI. Frank E. 
XII. Charles S. Grain, the youngest son of Dr. Eleazer Grain, born Feb. 1, 
1835, possessed an active temperament and a natural talent for busi- 
ness. While yet a boy he showed a desire to be doing something, 
and would work for farmers in haying, or at any job he could get, 
to accumulate a little capital. In 1858 he went to Boston and 
entered the large boot and shoe store of S. G. Damon, ITiomas & 
Go., where his ambition and aptitude for business soon gained 
him a position of prominence and responsibility beyond his years 
and experience. His thrifty character and propensity for turning 
his attention to any legitimate business investment that offered a 
good margin of profit is illustrated by one of the customs of the 
store. It was usual for the proprietors to pay their help in their 
own notes, on sixty or ninety days. Most of the men spent their 
earnings as fast or faster than received, and were often in urgent 
need of their money at each pay day. Young Grain took care of 
his earnings and soon had a small account in l>ank, and when his 
fellow-clerks must have money, he w ould cash their notes at such 
discount as might be agreed upon. He was soon in business for 
himself, and though in feeble health for many years, was very 
active and enterprising in business up to a short time before his 
death, July 20, 1893. 

LoAMMi Cutler, son of William Cutler, was born July 1, 1763, and came to 
Springfield from Chesterfield, N. H., about 1790. Some time after his father, 
William Cutler, came to this town from Winchendon, Mass. He lived on the 
Swift Place in the north part of the town, lately owned by Daniel Burbank. 
Loammi Cutler had two wives. He married 1st, Sarah Darling; seven children 
by this marriage ; * 

I. ITieodosia. 
II. George, m. Sophia Allbe; d. in 1859. Ch. : 

1. Sophia, b. Sept. 15, 1822; m. George Harlow. 

2. Sarah, b. Feb. 15, 1824; m. Henry Mason. (See Mason.) 

3. George Lewis, b. Oct. 31, 1825; m. 1st, Nov. 30, 1854, Harriet 

Adams, b. Oct. 7, 1834; she died July 6, 1874. Ch. by Ist 
marriage : 



266 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

(1). Leon A., b. Sept. 22, 1S55; m. Jan. 16, 1S83, Addie J. 
Brown. Ch. : 
[1]. Kolaud B., b. Dec. 14, 1884. 
(2). Fred A., b. Dec. 15, 1856: m. Etta J. Brown. Ch. : 

[I]. Alice L., b. Jan. 12, 1884. 
(3). Myron L., b. Au«?. 15, 1858; Universalist clergyman, res. 

East Jaffrey, X. H. 
(4). Charles D., b. June 23, 1862; m. Sadie Ingersoll. 
(5). Wllbnr F., b. Nov. 20, 1863. 
(6). Nellie A., b. Oct. 26, 1868; d. in infancy. 
He m. 2d, Oct. 17, 1S75, Mattie Sherman. Ch. : 
(7). Rose II., b. Aug. 7, 1876. 
(8). Sadie L., b. May 3, 1878. 
^9). Belle M., b. June 19, 1882. 
(10). Carleton, b. May 4, 1884. 
(11). George C, b. Feb. 20, 1886. 
(12). Maude Eva, b. June 6, 1889. 

4. Olive, b. Dec. 18, 1827; ni. Ist, Woodward; m. 2d, Leverett 

Lovell. 

5. Silas Allen, b. Aug. 18, 1829; m. July 3, 1858, 3^Iaria C. Wood- 

ward, b. Aug. 29, 1838. Ch. : 
(1). George L., b. Dec. 29, 1861. 
(2). Olive M., b. Feb. 27, 1867. 

6. John D., b. Oct. 16, 1834 ; in. 1st, Alice Messinger, who d. Sept. 15, 

1872; m. 2d, Oct. 8, 1873, Lizzie Randel, daughter of Smith K. 
and Kraeline (Henry) Rundel. Ch. : 
(1). Bradley, b. Jan. 31, 1880. 

7. Charles, b. Feb. 12, 1837; m. Oct. 5, 1869, Julia F. Mclntyre. 
III. Loammi, ni. Feb. 26, 1818, Merril House, who died May 4, 1877. He d. 

Jan. 2, 1867. Ch. : 
1. Calvin D., b. Nov. 15, 1818: m. May 29, 1844, Lucretia A. Bate?. 
Ch.: 
(1). David H.. b. Oct. 9, 1845; m. May 16, 1869, Agnes Chapin. 
(2). Mary G., b. Aug. 22, 1S47: d. Jan. 26, 1849. 
(3). ( harles C, b. Oct. 14. 1851 : m. Feb. 6, 1878, Alice Archer, 
b. Aug. 11, 1853. Ch.: 
[1]. IlaL., b. Jan. 12, 1879. 
[2]. Clyde A., b. Oct. 6, 1S82. 
[31. Ellen .\., b. Aug. 3, 1S84. 
(4). Susan A., b. Nov. 3, 1854 ; ni. November, 1879, George AUbe. 
Child : 
[1]. Bernice L., b. June 23, 1886. 
(5). Elmer C. b. May, 1864: m. Jan. 1, 1885, Katie Wetherbee. 
One child. 
[I]. Ernest A., b. July 1, 1888. 
IV. Silas, b. May 29, 1794. 

V. Sarah, b. April 17, 1797: m. May 23, 1820. Chauncey Holman. 
VI. John, b. Feb 6, 1801. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 267 

VII. Nancy, b. Sept. 2, 1805; m. Bacon. 

Loammi Cutler m. 2d, Nov. 8, 1809, Mrs. Delight B. Damon. Ch. : 
VIII. Lucy, b. July 29, 1810; m. Dec. 22, 1830, Lyman Ilulett; seven chil- 
dren: 
IX. Elijah, b. April 2, 1812; d. at the age of 18 years. 
X. Mary Griffin, b. March 18, 1814; d. in infancy. 
XI. Mandana, b. July 31, 1815 ; m. Harvey Wood of Rockingham. 
XII. Judith Ann, b. July 10, 1817; ra. Joseph Butterfleld of Arlington, 
Mass. 

XIII. Hannah, b. Feb. 20, 1820; m. Harvey Wood. 

XIV. Enoch, b. March 13, 1822; m. Sept. 3, 1846, Ruth Whltcomb. Ch. : 

1. Frank E., b. Aug. 26, 1847; m. Sept. 26, 1882, Lucinda I. Merri- 

fleld. Child : 
(1). Lottie J., b. Aug. 9, 1883 ; d. Jan. 2, 1884. 

2. Foster H., b. July 31, 1851 ; d. Feb. 10, 1873. 

3. Alice R., b. March 26, 1857; m. Sept. 8, 1875, Lucian A. Par- 

mento. 
XV. Enos B., b. Dec. 27, 1823; m. Adeline Whiting; d. August 1884. Ch. : 

1. Amelia Ann, b. Dec. 3, 1847 ; m. July 19, 1870, Leroy M. Holmes. 

2. Charles E., b. Nov. 15, 1849 ;m. July 13, 1875, Mattie Pember, b. 

March 8, 1848. Ch. : 
(1). Emma J., b. March 27, 1876. 
(2). Carmi B., b. Aug. 29, 1879. 
(3). Guy E., b. April 8, 1882. 
(4). Inez O. B., b. March 3, 1886. 

Samuel Da310x came to Springfield from Scituate, Mass., about 1793, and 
was one of the lirst settlers on Parker Hill, locating on the farm that was known 
as the Damon farm, afterwards owned by Jehiel Weston. He was born April 
16, 1749; m. Anne Bowker, who died May 4,1813. He d. Aug. 10, 1807. 
Ch.: 

I. Samuel, Jr., m. Ruth Brown. Ch.: 

1. Samuel. 

2. Livona. 

3. Lucy Brown. 

4. Reuben. 

H. Charles, m. Lucretia ; went to Salisbury, Vt. 

III. Loren, b. Oct. 27, 1778; m. April 19, 1804, Rebecca Estabrook, who d. 

March 29, 1886. He d. Sept. 28, 1836. Ch. : 

1. Jeremiah, b. March 25, 1805; d. April 29, 1875. 

2. Griffin, b. Jan. 12, 1807 ; killed in grist mill, Jan. 29, 1824. 

3. Sybil, b. Jan. 8, 1809, d. Dec. 23, 1862. 

4. Randa Drusilla, b. Jan. 12, 1811; m. Carrol Holden; d. Nov. 7, 

1872. 

5. Almira, b. May 21, 1813 ; d. Feb. 4, 1815. 

6. Hiram, b. June 26, 1815; m. Amy Bixby. Ch.: 

(1). George M., b. July 13, 1844 ; enlisted hi Co. A, 3d Regiment 
Vermont Volunteers; d. in Fairfax Seminary Hospital, 
Alexandria, Va., Oct. 29, 1862. 



268 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

(2). John Griffin, b. April 24, 1846. 
(3). Hiram Lincoln, b. Aug. 10, 1848. 
(4). Alice Rebecca, b. April 29, 1851. 
(5). Maria, b. Oct. 26, 1854. 
(6). Mary Ida, b. Sept. 26, 1856. 
(7). Denis Monroe, b. Sept. 29, 1858. 

7. Ephraim, b. April 3, 1817. 

8. Clarissa, b. Aug. 9, 1819; m. George Merrltt. 

9. Simon Whitney, b. Maj' 31, 1822: m. Marcia H. Green. Ch. : 
(1). Carrol H., killed by a falling tree. 

(2). Elnora, m. Bertrand W. Brown; res. in Springfield. 

10. Dexter Bate?*, b. Jan. 17, 1825; m. Jane Weston. Two children. 

11. Hannah, b. April 10, 1827; d. Dec. 3, 1829. 

IV. Bartlett Damon, son of Samuel, was born in Scituate, Mass., and 
came here with his parents. He learned the blacksmith's trade of 
Leonard Parker and l>egan work for himself in a shop near where 
the schoolhouse now stands in '• Scrabble, " and did thorough work 
till old age preventeci the use of the hammer. His opportunities for 
schooling were few, but he '* picked up," as he said, suilicieut 
knowledge for all necessary business. His account books were 
carefully kept and are still preserved by the family. He was a 
great Bible student and believed that the second coming of the 
Lord was near. In 1801, he m. Eunice White, who d. in 184S. 
He <i. in i860, aged 81 years. Ch. : 

1. Lucinda B., b. Jan. 26, 1803; m. Elam Griswold; d. 1875. 

2. Curtis, b. May 27, 1804 ; d. April 24, 1809. 

3. Elias, b. May 7, 1806; (i. in 1830. 

4. Colenda, b. March 11, 1808; m. Nehemiah Woodward; d. 1840. 

5. Celina, b. April 14, 1810; m. Hiram Weston; d. November, 1849. 

6. Eunice Elvira, b. April 16, 1811 ; m. Lucius Woodward; d. 1841. 

7. Curti* Darius, b. Aug. 1813; m. September, 1836, Clarissa 

Olcott. Ch.: 
(1). Klias ()., h. Nov. 24, 1840. 
(2). Fraukliu IL, b. Oct. 9, 1843; m. Ann E. Boynton. Ch. : 

[I]. William C, b. Dec. 29, 1875. 

[2]. Charles 11., b. FeW. 8, 1880. 
(3). Caroline E., b. April 17, 1845: m. Richmond J. Kenney. 
fA). John Quincy, b. July 12, 1848; m. 1st, Medora Wood, de- 
ceased; ni. 2d, Kate Sheldon. Child: 

[1]. Carlton. 
(5). Clara J., b. March 8, 1850; d. 1864. 
(G^. Freil, b. Dec. 12, 1854; m. Ida Hopkins. 

8. Maria, (i. in infancv. 

9. Maria, b. Sept. 11. 1816; m. Samuel Wooilward; d. in 1886. 

Seven children. 
10. Horace Reed, b. May 12, 1820; m. Susan Spencer; d. in 1S86. 
Ch.: 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 269 

(I). Celina, b. ; m. George Adams. 

(2). Schuyler, m. Edwards. 

(3). Mary, deceased. 

^^4). Dan., m. Elizabeth Hobert. 

11. Martha, b. July 1, 1822; m. James Whitney, b. July 1, 1823. 

12. Aaron Dean, b. Aug. 17, 1825: m. Oct. 18, 1848, Julia Ann Hay- 

wood, who d. July 25, 1866; m. 2d, June 24, 1873, Mrs. Lizzie 
Slade of Charlestown, N. H. lie was a well-known cattle 
drover; d. in Charlestown, Feb. 22, 1885. Ch. : 
(1). Merrill, b. Oct. 2, 1849; m. June 3, 1877, Mary Jane Marcy, 
daughter of Stephen and Melinda (Mason) Marcy of 
Weatherslield. Was conductor on Old Colony Railroad, 
now res. in Springlield. 
V. Seth, b. — - ; m. Betsey Diggins. Ch. : / -. . . , ' 

1. George. 

2. Harriet. 

3. Stephen. 

4. Abigail. 

5. l/cwis. 

6. Luke. 

7. Frank. 

8. Clarissa. 

VI. Joseph, b. ; m. Phebe Boynton. Ch.: 

1. Annie Bowker. 

2. Orpha Boynton. 

3. Jehiel. 

4. Jane. 

5. Mandana. 

6. Kichard. 

VIL Elias, b. in Scituate, Mass., Feb. 13, 1783. He was a carpenter. 
Owned a grist mill in Chester, which was carried off by a flood. 
He then built a house and sawmill in Hardscrabble. He was a 
great worker, much interested in education, and made sacrifices for 
the education of his children. He was a justice of the peace, and 
an enthusiastic politician, fli'st a Whig then a Republican; was 
active in political conventions. He was a studious man and a good 
scholar. He m. Abigail Thompson, sister of Aaron L. Thompson ; 
b. in Rindge, N. H., November, 1788. Ch. : 

1. Edna, b. March 5, 1810; d. Nov. 1, 1825. 

2. Susannah, b. July 24, 1813; m. Oilman Farwell of Weatherslield, 

who d. . She m. 2d, Hiram BIsbee of Springfield. Ch. 

by 1st m. : 
(1). Edna, d. young. 

(2). Jennie E., b. 1836; finely educated ; teacher of painting and 
drawing in Springfield Wesleyan Seminary, and later at 
Tilton, N. H. Is now (1894) teaching at a mission 
school in Santiago, Chill, established by Bishop Taylor. 

3. Rachel, b. June 25, 1815; m. Simeon Herrick. (See Herrick 

family.) 



270 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

4. Elizabeth, b. .June 27, 1819 ; m. Dr. Edmund Meacham (deceased) . 

5. Augusta, b. March 4, 1822: m. Edward Hall. Four children: 

6. Ahnon Brancli, b. March 26,1824; well Isnown to the people of 

Springfield, and possessing their confidence and esteem. He 
m. March 29, 1849, Henrietta Staples of Landgrove, deceased. 
He m. 2d, Catharine A. Wilson, b. March 27, 1831, in Cliester. 
He d. in 189J. Was honored and respected by his townsmen. 
Cli.: 
(1). Abbie Jane, b. Jan. 2, 1850; m. Edwin S. I^mb. 
(2). EliKi Anna, b. Nov. 22, 1851; m. 3Iay 18, 1871, Simon W. 
Greene: res. in Springfield. Ch. : 
[1]. Bertram S., b. Oct. 10, 1874. 
(3). Ira Earle, b. Sept. 11, 1856: m. Ellen Mouagle: res. in 

Bolchertown, Mass. 
(4). Ethan Alwani, b. Dec. 4, 1857: d. May 15, 1880. 
(5). Edna Maria, b. June 8, 1859; m. Walter N. Smith. Ch. : 
[IJ. Gertrude Edna, b. March, 188:^. 
[2]. Grace Elmira, b. June, 1886. 
(6). Frank Elias, b. Feb. 16, 1865; m. Helen M. Aldrich. Ch. : 
[I]. Milton, b. January, 1892. 

Vlll. Simeon. !». ; m. Esther Gould. Seven ch. : 

[X. Sarah. 
X. Anna. 
XI. Clarissa. 
XII. Rebecca. 

Capt. Thomas Dana was born in Brighton, Mass., May 18, 1779. Richanl 
Dana came to this country about 1640, and married Anna Bullard. llieir 
son Daniel, born Mar. 20. 1664, marrietl Naomi Carswell. Their son Thomas, 
married Mary Parker, Jan. 22, 1718. Their son Thomas, born Aug. 8, 1723. 
married Martha Williams, and their son lliomas married Hannah Williams. 
X'ov. 20, 1777, and th«lr son Tliomas, the subiect of this sketch, came to 
Springtield in 1799. Feb. 6, 1800, he married Betsey, daughter of Joshua 
Davis. They lived in a small house on Parker Hill, opposite the Mc- 
Intyre house, the present residence of Silas A. Cutler. Afterwanls he bought 
the farm and built the house latelv owned bv D. C. Martin. In lS:i3 or 
18.34 he sold this place to his son William, and moved into the village, 
living in the Noah Safford house while he built his brick house in the 
village, now owned by Chester Stone, where he lived until his death. 

Capi. Dana was a t»rickmason, and worked at that trade as builder and 
contractor, about fifty years. He built nearly all the brick buildings in this 
section of Vermont and many in New Hampshire. He was a workman of 
great skill, enterprise, and energy, and a man of large intelligence and varied 
information, of which he loved to give others the benefit. He was one of 
the prime movers in establishing the town libniry. He held several town 
oflices, and was an active member of the Universalist Church, and one of the 
first members of the Masonic lodge. He died Sept. 2, 1852, after a life of 
gi-eat activity ami usefulness. His wife died Sept. 17, 1851. 




^ff^r>oA^ ~=-^C-^**'-<^ (^ 




..^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 271 

Amon^ Ihe writer's early experiences of village life was a raid, at the age 
of six years, on the pear tree of our next door neighbor, '* Cappen Dany," as 
we all called him, and an errand of restitution at the l>ehest of his faithful 
mother. The kind and comforting words with which Captain and Mrs. Dana 
soothed the remorse of that penitential visit will never be forgotten. 
Capt. Thomas and Betsey Dana had six ch. : 
1. Thomas, b. Feb. 20, 1801, died early, 
n. John, b. Aug. 4, 1803, d. early. 

III. William, b. Jan. 21, 1807. He was a brickmason and after buying 

his father's farm paid his attention to farming. Afterwards he 
sold the farm to Lewis Weston, and in 1854 removed to Windsor 
and bought the Kobbins farm. In 1860 he removed to Charlestown, 
N. H., which town he represented In the Legislature in 1866, 1867 
and 1868. He was selectman at various times, in each of the three 
towns of his residence. Dec. 4, 1832, he m. Lucinda, dau. of Joseph 
and Lucinda (Mather) W^eston, who was born Nov. 6, 1809. lie died 
Nov. 18, 1877. Mrs. Dana died Sept. 18, 1866. William and 
Lucinda Dana had two ch. 

1. Thomas, b. in Springfield, Dec. 8, 18.-3. Located in Boston in 

1849, in the wholesale grocery business, and was one of the 

leading and most successful merchants of the city. He m. Feb. 

5, 1857, Helen Porter WMlliams of Perkinsville, who died Dec. 

9, 1859. M. 2d, Mary Catheriue Baldwin of Cambridge, Mass. 

They have three ch. 
(1). William F. b. 1863. 
(2). Helen, b. 1864. 
(3). Aia, b. 1871. 

2. Ellon, b. in Springfield, Oct. 13, 1839; m. July 26, 1859, Horace 

Ballon Wing, son of Joseph and Cassandra (Ballou) Wing, b. 
in Boston May 6, 1831. Kes. in Charlestown, N. H. 

IV. Elizabeth, b. Oct, 14, 1811; m. in Springfield, Vt., Nov. 21, 1838, 

Thomas Dana, Fon of John, who was a very successful wholesale 
grocer of Boston, and d. Jan. 14, 1878. At a meeting of the Bos- 
ton Grocers' Association at the Board of Trade rooms, Jan. 16, 1878, 
to take action relative to his death, resolutions were adopted giving 
expression to the very high esteem in which Mr. Dana was held, as 
a merchant of great enterprise and spotless honor, who found time 
amid the cares of a large l)usiness for extensive reading and cul- 
ture, and as a man of exemplary and unassuming Christian life. 
They had one child. 
1. Mary Eliza!)eth, b. December, 1846; m. June 1, 1876, Julian de 
Cordova, a merchant of Boston. Ch. : 
(1). Julian Dana de Cordova, b. Dec. 25, 1877. 
V. Benjamin F., b. Sept. 5. 1814. Has always resided in town. For 
twenty years he was a leading merchant, beginning in 1836 in com- 
pany with Jonathan Chase, under the firm name of Chase & Dana. 
At the end of three years he hired the Brooks store (on the site of 
Woolsou's Block), of Morris Sl Whitmore, and went into company 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



with George W, Porter. He afterwards tought out Mr. Porter and 
took ill A. L. Thompson as a partner. After the retiremeot o( Mr. 
Thompson he continued the buslnesi alone until 1855, when he 
sold out to I.abaree & I^ombard. lu his mercantile life he was a 
wool buyer, in which business he coDliaued uutil the last few years 
and was niso Interested io maDutacturJng with Holmes, W hi I mo re 
& Co. in Springlleid and Whitmore & Dana at Brattlehoro. After 
retiring from mauufncturing he was (luite a dealer in real estate, 
auii has been (or man^ years a director in the N'atiooal Bank of 
SpringHeld. Mr. Dana retired from active busioess in 1S75 to pass 
the declining years of his life in rural pursuits, 'llie gmti float ion 
of his taste for liue fruits and Howers atTonliug enjoyment not only 
10 Mr. and Mrs. Dana, but to their friends and all who pass their 
beautiful grounds. Mr. Dana marriwl Xov. 5, 1845, .lane K., 
daughter of Samuel »ud Sarah (Parker) Willson of Vergenues, Vt., 
bom t )ct. 27, 1811*. They had two ch. : 

1. Ada J., b. May 15, 1S47. 

2. <'ar<dine E.. h. April 4, 1g51 ; both died youug. 

VI. Hannah Williams, h. Xov. 20, 1817: m. Warren Brooks of Kart Cam- 

bridfce, Ma^s. He d. April 10, 1886. They ha<l sis chiUireu, live of 

whonidied young. 

aud Mary K., b. 



laud. Hem. Martha L.-wis, 
daughter of Iterijnmiu auil 
Barbara (^limpsim) I^wis. 




I. Cora A., b. sept. 27. 



II. John, li. Aug. 3. I8(iO. 

KfJHEKxC. Davis, son of 

Isaac aud Louisa (Farnham) 



Davis, 



s b. at I.andgro 



May -iB, 1:^45: m. Xov. 16, 
186"J, lreneM.Tuttle,daugh- 
ler of Ebene/er ami Hannah 
(Feiton) Tuttle. <li. : 

I. Ari-hieE.,b.Feb.U, 
1875. 
n. MabelE., b. Dec. IB, 



■RED C. D»VIS. 




\ ye '«-*■• /UvuJao- 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 273 

(Hapgood) Davis, was b. at So. Keading, Vt., May 29, 1862; attended the 
Green Mountain Perkins Academy at South Woodstock ; graduated from the 
New Hampshire College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts in 1884, and from 
the United States Training School for Astronomical and Meteorological Work, 
Fort Myer, Va., in 1885. lie studied law with Gilbert A. Davis of Reading 
and A. M. AUbe of Springfield, and was admitted to the Bar of Vermont, Oct. 
20, 1891 ; now in practice in Springfield. He m. Aug. 23, 1892, Nellie Mitchell, 
daughter of Henry E. and Julia (Adams) Mitchell of Ascutneyville, Vt., b. 
Aug. 1, 1869. She was educated at the High School in Cambridge, Mass., and 
is a teacher in the public schools in Springfield (1894). 

Isaac G. Davis, son of William and Phebe (Sanders) Davis, was b. in 
Baltimore, Vt., March 10, 1812. In company with his brother Ira was for 
several years engaged in the manufacture of shoe pegs in a shop that stood 
on the present site of Gilman & Son's machine shop. Later he engaged in 
farming. He was for many years one of the trustees of Springfield Savings 
Bank, and was trusted and respected by his townsmen. He died in Spring- 
field. He m. 1st, Mary A. Williams; she d. April 16, 1863. He m. 2d, Mary 
(Whipple) Harlow, daughter of Daniel and Hannah (Kiugaley) Whipple of 
Chaftestown, N. H. Ch. by 1st marrij^ge: 

I. Henry C, b. Nov. 23, 1842; m. Emily Choate. 

II. Herbert W., b. Dec. 18, 1845 ; member of Company D., 9th Regiment 
Vermont Volunteers; m. Dec. 31, 1873, Sarah K. Schureman. 

III. Edward N., b. Feb. 28, 1852; m. June 16, 1873, Hattie Wethcrbee. 

Shed. Nov. 17, 1882. 

IV. Ira J., b. Dec. 23, 1860; d. Dec. 10, 1862. 

Ira Davis, son of William and Phebe (Sanders) Davis, was at one time 
engaged in manufacturing with his brother Isaac. He was b. in 1809 and d. 
Oct. 29, 1888. 

John Davidson was born in Windham, N. H., Sept. 18, 1775. He subse- 
quently removed to Acworth, N. II., and married Abigail Prouty, Aug. 4, 
1803. They had eight children, of whom two onl}' lived to adult age, Elvira, 
the wife of Frederick Parks, and Mary L., wife of Amasa Woolson. Mr. 
Davidson was a man of fine personal appearance, possessing great energy and 
industry; was genial, hospitable, open hearted, frank, and out-spoken, an 
earnest Christian, a member of the Congregational Church, and devoted to its 
interests. He was a Christian gentleman of the old school. He (iied March 
24, 1850, at the age of seventy-four years. His wife survived him until April 
9, 1854, aged eighty years. 

Joshua Davis came from Boston to Springfield before 1800, with his wife, 
mother, and sister Betsey, w^ho afterwards m. Thomas Dana (see Dana 
family). He built a house and tannery near Parker Hill. Later he sold to 
Wm. 'lliayer, and came to the village, and built another tannery, on the 
Moses F. Chase place, now owned by Charles Johnson. He died Sept. 3, 1850, 
aged 73 years. His wife was Mary Poole of Boston ; she d. Dec. 2, 1857, aged 
77 years. Ch. : 



274 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

I. Mary, m. John Browu ; both d. in Boston. 

II. Jonas B., m. Caroline Bissell; died in Keene, X. H. 

III. Catharine, ni. Ezekiel Whitcoinb (see >\Tiitcomb family). 

IV. William, m. Maria Bissell of Hanover, N. H. ; both d. in Elkhart, Ind. 
V. Harriet A., m. Luke Davis; d. in Derby, Vt. 

VI. Abigail, d. in infancy. 

VII. Samuel L., m. Sarah Erskiiis of Claremont, N. H. ; d. in California. 
VIll. Martha Jane, d. Jan. 1, 1844; aged 20 yrs. 

IX. Joshua, ra. Catherine of Boston ; d. in Chelmsford, Mass. 

X. Hannah, m. Caleb Whitney: both d. in Lowell, Mass. 
XI. Tural, m. Fannie Cutler of Springfield; both d. in Chester, Vt. 
Xil. Betsey, m. Stephen Montague of Bellows Falls. She is still IlYing 
(1894), in Chelsea, Vt., at the age of 87. She and Catherine, now 
living id Springfield, are the only survivors of this family of twelve 
(1894). 
Charles O. Davis, son of Tural B. and Fanny (Cutler) Davis, was bom 
at Chester, May 22, 1852 ; m. Lestina Ellison, dan. of Barney and Sarah (Noah) 
Ellison. 
Ch.: 

Fred C, b. Nov. 14, 1877 

Lewis Davis, son of William and Phebe (Sanders) Davis, was b. at Balti- 
more, Vt., June 30. 1818: m. Mary A. Bradford, daughter of Richard and 
Mary (Stinison) Bradford. Ch. : 

1. Jessie, b. iu Springfield, Jan. 16, 1859; m. Oct. 22, 1883, Charles E. 
Fisher ; res. at Gloucester, Mass. 

Parkmax Davis, son of Parkman and Sarah (Forbush) Davis, was b. at 
Baltimore, Vt., April 16, 1816: m. Fob. 23, 1842, Abby E. Pierce, daughter of 
John and Abigail (Haywood) Pierce. Ch. : 

I. Arvilla M, b. Aug. S, 1845: m. Henry Austin. 
II. Harlan J., h. Feb. 8, 1848: m. Lucy H. Xorton. 
HI. Lucy Parkman. b. March 18, 18.55. 
IV. Isaline L., b. June 4, 1857. 

GEORdE 1). DeCamp, sou of Daniel and Mary (Mansfield) DeCamp, was b. 
Dec. 23, 1843; m. Geraldine Latham, daughter of Simeon and Zilpha (Dens- 
more) Latham. C h. : 

I. Gerald, b. June 4, 1866: ni. Ella S. Breed. 
[[. Herbert L., b. April 13, lHi\S. 

III. XellieT., b. Jan. 3, 1871. 

IV. Henry G., b. April 12, 1874. 
V. Mary A., b. March 25, 1876. 

VI. John R., b. Julv 12, 1878. 
VII. Lestina IL, b. July 6, 1884. 

Alphonso de Goosh, son of Alexander and Priscilla (Freeman) DeGoosh, 
was b. Jan. 19, 1852, at Calais, Vt. ; m. Oct. 7, 1887, Hattie L. Adams, daughter 
of James and Harriet (Simmonds) Adams. 




7yCr^,::,^),^C6^^^^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 275 

Sullivan Jackson Demarv, son of Silas and Sully (Kand) Demary, b. in 
Weathersfield, Aug. 30, 1816. Moved to Springfield April, 1864, and May, 
1872, moved to Charlestown, N. H., where he was selectman from 1878 to 1886, 
being chairman of the board the last two years. He m. April 2G, 1838, Jane 
Howard, daughter of Abel and Priscilla (Hodgkins) Brown, b. March 6, 
1820. She d. Aug. 27, 1879. He d. May 8, 1889. Ch. : 

I. Charles Sullivan, b. April 5, 1839; m. Jan. 1, 1872, Ellen Douglass, b. 
in IJniontown, Pa., Feb. 3, 1841, who d. in West Point, Neb., April 25, 1876. 
Ch.: 

1. Sullivan Jackson, b. Oct. 5, 1874. 

II. George Jackson, b. Feb. 9, 1841; m. May 10, 1866, Emma, daughter 

of and Arabel (Field) Messenger, b. August 1, 1840. He d. June 6, 

1879. 

III. John Nichols, b. Dec. 2, 1842; m. June 1, 1871, Abbie E. daugh- 

ter of Ezekiel and Catherine (Davis) Whitcomb, b. Jan. 23, 1843. 

IV. Sarah Jane, b. Aug. 14, 1844; m. in Charlestown, N. H. 

V. Lucia Ellen, b. April 5, 1849; m. Aug. 24. 1869, William H. son of 
Heman and Emily (Hibbard) Vickery, b. in Burlington, Vt., 
Oct. 3, 1847. Resides in New York City. 
VI. Hattie Eliza, b. May 7, 1864; m. Oct. 1, 1876, E. Gilbert, son of 
Porter and Elizabeth (Knight) Spencer, b. Aug. 8, 1846. Kesides 
in Charlestown, N. H. Ch. : 

1. Jane Olive, b. Oct. 20, 1887. 

2. Willard D., b. Jan. 9, 1892. 

William Dillon was born in County Cork, Ireland, March 6, 1834 and 
came to this country in December, 1847, first settling in Oxford, Mass. He 
came to Springfield, from Pascoag, R. I., July 18, 1871, and with W\ Collins 
of New Hampshire, and Hamlin Whitmore, engaged in woolen manufacturing, 
the firm being Collins, Dillon & Co. At the end of three years Mr. Collins 
withdrew from the firm and the business was conducted by Whitmore & 
Dillon for ten years. In 1884 Mr. Whitmore retired from the business and 
Mr. Dillon became the sole proprietor. The business became very prosper- 
ous under his management, the employees were increased from between fifty 
and sixty to eighty or more, and the product of the mill was over twenty* 
thousand yards per month. Mr. Dillon was m. in Worcester, Mass., Nov. 
14, 1855, to Ellen Bergan of Uxbridge, Mass. Ch. : 

I. Mary E., b. in Millbury, Mass., Jan. 11, 1857; m. in 1892 Thomas A. 
O'Callaghan. 

II. K. Agnes, b. in Otter River, Mass., May 13, 1859; m. Hugh Quinn 

Oct. 25, 1883. Ch. : 
1. Ellen Vincent, b. July 5, 1891. 

III. John E., b. in Otter River, Mass., Oct. 9, 1861. 

IV. Frederick W., b. in HarrisvilLe, R. I., July 25, 1864. 

V. Edward F., b. in Ballston Spa, N. Y., Jan. 10, 1867, fitted for college 
at Springfield high school and entered Dartmouth in 1884. Was 
killed in the railroad disaster at Hartford, Vt. 
Mr. Dillon died April 25, 1892. 



276 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Isaac L. Dodge, son of Isaac and Martha (Lovell) Dodge, b. Nov. 20, 
1850; engaged in livery business: m. December 19, 1878, Abba C. Sanders, 
daughter of Charles and Augusta (Brown) Sanders, b. Sept. 26, 1S56. Ch. : 

I. Clinton W., b. Aug. 24, 1883. 

Nahum C. Dodge, son of Hosea M. and Lucy X. (Breed) Dodge, was b. 
in Charlestown, X. H., July 16, 1869. He came to Springfield as clerk in the 
drug store of Xorris & >Vhitcomb, graduated from Springfield high school in 
1887, and later was clerk for M. D. Fisher & Co, In July, 1892, in company 
with Edwin F. Merrill, he bought out Mr. Fisher, and they still continue the 
business at the old stand in the Woolson block. 

William L. Dodge, son of Isaac and Martha (Lovell) Dodge, was b. in 
Claremont, X. H., June 11, 1843. He enlisted in Co. D 9th Reg. of Vt. Vols., 
and servecl three years with the rank of sergeant. After the war he studied 
medicine and graduated in 1868 from the Medical Department of Harvard 
University. He began the practice of his profession in Troy, X. H., and 
afterward moved to Somerville, Mass. In 1870 he located in Philadelphia, 
Pa., where he remained ten years, and acquired a large and successful 
practice. In 1880, on account of failing health, he was obliged to seek a more 
favorable climate, and went to Los Angeles, Cal. He foimd no relief here 
and returned to Vermont, where he died Jan. 24, 1882. He m. April 13, 1870, 
Hattie S. Steele, daughter of Deacon Ashbel and Lucy M. (Barnard) Steele. 

Otto M. Dolbleday, son of William O. and Emma (Hutchins) Doubleday, 
b. in Sharon, Vt.. July 14, 1852, began clerking with Haywood & Cobb in 
Springfield ; afterward was in grocery business with A. H. Holman, the flrm 
being Doubleday & Holman, and later was engaged in the clothing business 
in the Blue Store. He sold to C. H. Moore, and is now in the mercantile busi- 
ness in Springfield, Mass. He m. April 8, 1874, Jennie L. Xewell, daughter of 
Wilbur F. and Fanny (Norton) Xewell, of Weathersfield. Ch, : 

I. Frank W., b. Jan. 2, 1876. 
IL Arthur AV., h. March 20. 1878. 
III. Clark ().. b. May 20, 1884. 

Hkrmax Dresskl, son of Philip and Mary (Schuchman) Dressel, was b. in 
Gennany, Oct, 12, 1834. lie is an upholsterer by trade, and worked for many 
years for the firm of Ellis, Britten & Eaton, in Springfield. He served in the 
War of the Kebellion, in the 11th Regiment Xew York Volunteers. Xow 
engaged in the furniture aud umlertakiug business in Springfield. He m. 
Eliza H. K. Schrader. Ch. : 

I. Robert F., b. Aug. 2, 1858, m. 3Iary legacy. 
II. Herman, Jr.. graduated from the Norwich University at Xorthlield, 
and was valedictorian of his class. He is uow principal of theXorth Benning- 
ton hijjh school aud emiueutlv successful as a teacher. 



•p?' 



Orange P. Dunn, son of Parkhurst B. and Mary (Warren) Dunn, was b. at 
Ludlow, Vt.. FeV». 10, 1846: m. Lucy (Gordon, daughter of Andrew and Marion 
(Ilill) Gordon. Ch. : 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 277 

I. Willie G., b. Dec. 30, 1870; d. in infancy. 

XL Carlos O., b. March 24, 1874. 

III. Herbert D., b. April 11, 1884. 

IV. Alma J., (adopted) b. Sept. 5, 1876. 

JOTHAM W. DuRANT, youngest son of Joshua Durant, late of Weathers- 
field, was born in Keene. In 1818 he moved to a farm in the southwest part of 
Springfield. In three or four years he moved to the village, bought the saw 
mill and the mill house, where he lived five years. He carried on carriage 
building in connection with his mill, and was interested with McCray and 
others in the foundry. He sold out, the mill to Leonard Ellis, the foundry to 
his partners, and moved to North Springiieid about 1830. He was instrumental 
in founding the society from which grew the Universalist Church. For twelve 
years he was engaged in carriage and carpenter work and farming, and in 
1842 moved to Ohio. He m. in 1818, Lucy IL, daughter of Waters Chilson, of 
Weatherstteld, and raised a large family. He d. ^larch, 1870, and his wife a 
week later. His oldest son Edward J., will be remembered as an active mem- 
ber of the militia company and of the brass band. He was a year in the store 
of Sylvester Burke, and in 1842 taught the village school. He spent a year In 
Ohio and then returned and taught the school on the common. In 1844 he 
went to Lebanon, X. H., and after a year in trade established the foundry and 
machinist business which became extensive during the building of the rail- 
roails. In 1858 he was in the furniture and paint business, and later in insur- 
ance and conveyancing. He represented the town in the legislature of Xew 
Hampshire in 1876-78; was town clerk, notary public, and justice of the i>eace 
many years. Later he moved to Pasadena, C.il., where he now resides. 

Samuel W. Duraxt, sou of Samuel W. and Desdemona (Field) Durant, 
was born in Springiieid in 1827. His father died when he was young, and 
from the time he was ten years old he had to care for himself. He attended 
the district schools of various towns till eighteen years of age, and in 1846, 
his mother having moved to St. Charles, 111., he entered a store in that place 
where he worked several years. In 1862 he enlisted in the 127th Illinois In- 
fantry and served three years. From 1863 to 1865 he was lieutenant and 
quarter-master. From 1871 to 1880 he was engaged in compiling county his- 
tories and atlases in various eastern, middle and western states. He was a 
prominent citizen of St. Charles, 111., and the publisher of the Valhn Chronicle^ 
which he established in 1881. He married I^ucy C. Motteson in 1853, and thej' 
have six children. He died in 1892. 

Perrin S. Dutton, son of Stephen and Semira (Hodgeman) Dutton, m. 
Sibyl Dartt, daughter of Nathaniel X. and Ruth (Perkins) Dartt of Weathers- 
field. Ch. : 

I. Edith S., b. May 22, 1869 ; m. Morse. 

II. George P., b. Oct. 6, 1870. 
UI. Herbert W., b. Aug. 26, 1881. 

JosEPHUS H. Dutton, son of Stephen Dutton, was b. Dec. 9, 1820; m. 
Nancy A. Hodgeman, daughter of Willard L. and Nancy (Johnson) Hodge- 
man. 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



Hkkrick H. DiTTON', M>u ot Stephen Duttoo, was b. In RocbiD^um, 
Maj e, 1836: in. H:ittie N. (Fiiirhauks) Bair.v. dnu^ter of Its sod EUnnah 
(McQuade) Fairbaokii. CTi. : 

I. Parker it., b. Deo. 24, is:i, d. 
Ji'STt'S Dartt, mu of Erastiis ami Rebecou (Jackmaa) Dsrtt, wu b. Id 
Weatherslleld, Feb. IT, 1830. and ig a desceadant of the seventh genentiOD 
from Richard Dartt, vho came to New London, Conn., from England before 
W63; thp generations being as follows: — 

1 . Richard. 

' -■ ' j 2. Daniel. 

3. Daniel. 
i. Joshua. 

5. Josish. 

6. Krastus. 

lie is the youngest of a 
film 11 y of seren children. 
Only two besides himself 
are now living: (1895). Mr*. 
S. Maria Kimball, who lives 
in Ills family, and Klizabeth, 
wife of 1.. .S. Rosniter of 
Kasson, Minn. His ao- 
LV'stors went from Coo- 
nei'iicut to Gilsum. X. U., 
wore among the gnintees of 
the charter of that town 
which bearsdnte of Julj- 3, 
ITfiS, add the uumes ot seven 
were on tiie roll of Captain 
•■^muel Ashley's ICegiment. 
when it started for the re- 
lief of Fort Ticonderoga in 
■lulr. 1777. His great uncle. 
Justus, was a colonel in the 
Itevolutionary War and his 
};rnudtalhcr was also a sol- 
dier In the Revolution, [n 
le auil Dorte. He attended 
When he came 
as principal of the 
\>-i th<' Miiiol buildings, there were only six houses 
l|f tau^'ht his first school in the winter of 1853-»4 
hich stood at tht; junction of roads between the 
n anil the Deacitii Arliii llohnitn place, now owned by L', 




the 



sfhi. 



to Springlii'ld iu tl 

on Seminary Hill. 
in (1 si-ho(il house 
James M. Fullain fa 



u;ime U writteu Dai 
Sjiringtii'ld Wesley ill 
..f l!<.53. FraiiklluO 



O. \oi 






-ashirei] 1i 



Hem 



the hilt V 

Silftfinl t.. 



sloml when- the 



in the winter ot 1656^7 he 
n in Bpringflchi. 



.1 on the 

e stands, and there wei 



OF 8PKINGFIELD, VT. 



279 



or quite seventy pupils of all agee In the school. Slucc tlint time he hus been 
engaged in school work, except a tew years wheu he tried farmlog and trade. 
Id 1874 he waa sent to the Legislature fiom Weathersfleld, and also in 1878 
and in 1880. In 1882 he waB oue of the senators from Windsor County, and 
was president pro tern, of the Senate. He was elected State Superintendent of 
Education for Vermout in 1880, and held tlie office four tenns, eight years in 
nil. He served six years as Trustee of the State Agricultural College. In 
1889 and 1890 he was superiutendent of schools in tlie Couway District in 
Franklin County, Mass., and the ueit year was superiutendent of schools 
in Ganlner, Mass. He is now (189.5) ftuperintendont lit the Charlemoat Dis- 
trict in the same State. In May, 1862, he enlisted under Major Cliarles Jarvis 
in Company D 9th licgiment Vermont Volunteers, and was elected Second 
Lieutenant. Was takeu prisoner while in the hospital nt Winchester, Va., iu 
September, 18G2. Was afterward paroled and sent to Camp Chase at Colum- 
bus, Ohio, He resigned and was discharged at Chicago in Novemlwr of 1862 
for disability. He m. Oct. 13, 1859, Abl)ie Patten Knight, daughter of Aaron 
and 3(eiindu (Patten) Knight of Hancock, \. II. She was b. in Limerick, 
Me., Aug. 2, 1840. Ch. : 
I. William Henry, li. in 
Weathersfleld, Sc|)i. 
12,1860; graduated 
from Dartmoutii 
College In the class 
of 1887; now en- 
gaged with an en- 
gineer corps in mil- 
road survey in Penn- 
sylvania. (1895.) 
II. Frank Patten, b. in 
Weathersfleld, Aug. 
22, 1865 ; graduated 
from Dartmoutii 
College iu class of 
1889; now in the law 
oBiceof Judgell. P. 



11a 



Boston, (1895.) 
III. Mary AbbiP, li. Iu 
Weathersl1eld,.IuDc 
17, 1872; now a 
student in We lies] ey 
College, (IS05.) 
Gbanvii.leS. DEHiiY.son 
of Samuel and Lucret ia ( Fa i- 
well) Derby, was b. iu 
Nelson, X. H., .\ug. 19, 1832. 
His father was i>. inLiucolu, 
Hsu., Id 1790, and en 




280 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Granville passed his early life ou a farm. He was for two years in business In 
Quincy market, at Boston, and then went west, but returned at the outbreak of 
the Civil War, and joinetl the 16th Re^ment Vermont Volunteers. After the 
war he eu^a^ed in farming in Springfield until 1877, when he engaged in 
mercantile business with Wm. H. Cobb, the firm being Cobb A Derby. In 
July 1890 he was appointed postmaster in Springfield, and held the ofltoe four 
years. He m. Mary Houghton. Ch. : 

I. Wallace G., h. April "22, 18(]8: fitted for college at Springfield high 
school, and graduated from the University of Vermont in the class 
of 1891. He is a chemist by profession. He m. Feb. 7, 18W, Cora 
F. Marsh, of Brandon, Vt. 
II. Roger 8., b. Jan. 7, 1880. 
III. Richard H., b. Oct. 7, 1886. 

WiLLi.\jf W. Earle, son of Willmm and Polly (Snell) Earle, was b. at 
Chester, Vt., Dec. 3, 1813: m. Oct. 8, 1839, Oriotha F. Fisher, daughter of 
Joseph and Oriutha (Seldeu) Fisher. She died Oct. 26, 1880. Ch. : 
I. Susan L., b. Sept. 10, 1840; d. Jan. 20, 1846. 
II. Alfre<l S., b. Dec. 1, 1844: d. Aug. 2, 18<>2. 

III. All>ert S., b. Dec. 1, 1S44: d. April 10, 1869. 

IV. Geo. F., b. May 19, lvS50: ni. Lizzie E. Chedel, daughter of Ballard 

and Louisa (Burke) Chedel. He d. Oct. 19, 1886. Ch. : 

1. Helen, b. Dec. 21, 1873. 

2. Fred A., b. Aug. 24, 1875. 

3. Charles W., b. July 27, 1881. 

4. Henry G., b. Feb. 8, 18S5. 

Asa Eatox, son of Benjamin and Lydia (Ireland) Eaton, was b. Nov. 29, 
1785, and came to Springfield from Xew Ipswich, X. H., in 1809. He m. 
Deborah Mart)le. <?h. : 

I. Ellis M., b. in Ashburnliam, Mass., March 8, 1806; moved from 
Springfield to Rockingham, Vt., in 18:^0, where he d. April 22, 
1844. He m. Betsey, daughter of Amos Parker. Ch. : 

1. Calvin M., ra. Cynthia Lockwood. Ch. : 

(1). John C., b. Xov. 24, 18.54: m. Jan. 22, 1874, Abby A., 
daughter of Abel and Susan (Felch) Adams. Ch. : 

[IJ. Myron .L, b. Sept. 18, 1877. 

'[2]. Cleou L., b. Oct. 17, 1879. 
(2). Leonard E., b. Oct. 3, 1859; m. Mary J. Nelson. Ch. : 

[1]. Alvah R., b. Aug. 2, 1883. 
(3). Grace A., b. Xov. 24, 1862; m. Rollin L. Richmond. Cli. : 

[1]. Vincenne. 

2. Mary (deceased) m. Samuel Stimson. 

3. Ellis M., b. in Rockingham, Vt., Oct. 2, 1832. In 1850 he became 

a member of the firm of Ellis, Britton, Eaton, later the Ver- 
mont Xovelty Works Co., and has continued in the company to 
the present time, and is now (1894) superintendent and treas- 
urer of the company. He m. Abby Brown, daughter of Jona- 
than and Mary A. (Thayer) Brown. Ch. : 
(1). Everett II. 

4. I^eouard P. of Woodstock, Vt. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 281 

5. Lewis, (1. at the age of ten years. 

6. John, d. at the age of twelve years. 
n. Emily P. (deceased) m. Timothy Putnam. 

III. Maria, m. Jonas Butterfleld. She is now living in Springfield, (1894.) 

(See Butterfleld.) 

IV. Darius J., m. Belinda Spencer. Ch. : 

1. Lyman B., b. March 28, 1855, in Acworth, N. H., ra. May 10, 1882, 

Clark, daughter of Daniel and Pamela G. (Cram) Clark of 

Ac worth. 
V. John P., m. Emily J. Graham. She d. March 4, 1877. He m. 2d, 
June 29, 1878, Jane M., daughter of Benjamin and Susanna (Leet) 
Grandy. 
VI. Tila O., m. John Tower of Springfield. 

Charles W. Eatox, son of Joseph and Betsy (Wellington) Eaton, was b. 
in Ludlow, Vt., May 2, 1819; m. Sept. 7, 1844, Caroline W. Puffer, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary (Burnham) Puffer. Ch. : 

I. Belle M., b. Oct. 21, 1847; m. John Cook. 
II. Madella M., b. Sept. 15, 1857; d. Sept. 25, 1S59. 
m. Stella J., 
IV. Hattie F., 

Lysandeu Edwards, son of Elisha and Lois (Chandler) Edwards, was b. 
at Shelburne, Mass., Nov. 8, 1822; m. Catharine M. Jefferson, daughter of 
Daniel and Iluldah (Welch) Jefferson. Ch. : 

I. Xorris E., b. Dec. 27, 1846. Served in Company D 9th Regiment 
Vermont Volunteers; m. Sept. 28, 1869, Lydia Ann Putnam, 
daughter of Timothy and Emily (Eaton) Putnam. Ch. : 

1. Walter E., b. April 18, 1872. 

2. Lillian M., b. Feb. 24, 1875. 

11. Robert B., b. April 29, 1849; m. Emma Smith. 

III. Reuben J., b. Nov. 12, 1851 ; m. Jennie S. Moore. 

IV. Angelia M., b. Nov. 26, 1853; m. Edward S. Bishop. 
V. Frank P., b. April 12, 1861 ; m. Maria Scott. 

VI. Leland A., b. June 8, 1865. 

Joel A. H. Ellis, son of Joel Ellis, was born at Barnard, Vt., Nov. 24, 1830. 
On the death of his mother, who was a daughter of Jonathan Woodbury, of 
North Springfield, he came to Springfield in 1843, and lived at different times 
with his uncles, (^eorge Woodbury of Springfield, Joel Woodbury of North 
Springfield, and Daniel VV^oodbury of Perkinsville, and with the last named 
obtained his first knowledge of mechanics. In 1849 he went West, and re- 
mained seven years. Having invented and patented a farm basket, — which 
Is now in general use everywhere, — he returned to Springfield in 1856, and 
made an arrangement with D. M. Smith & Co. (D. M. Smith, H. Wliittemore, 
H. H. Mason and Albert Brown) to engage in the manufacture of the baskets. 
In the Old Williams ^lill near the lower bridge. The venture was not a suc- 
cess, and the business was soon abandoned. 

In the winter of 1856 and 1857, Mr. Ellis gave his attention to the develop- 
ment of a child^s carriage or cab. He made one sample and took it to New 
York and Boston, to see if it would sell, and contracted fifteen hundred before 



282 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

he returned home. From these efforts of Mr. Ellis grew the raaQuf acture of chil- 
dren's carriages, which hecame one of the most flourishing business enter- 
prises of this town. In 1872, Mr. Ellis withdrew from the company and en- 
sraged in several other business ventures, not all of which were suoeessful. 
In 1878, he removed to Fairfax County, Va., and the following year to Beaver 
Falls, Pa., where he engaged in the manufacture and sale of pottery. In 1885, 
he moved to Trenton, X. J., where he died May 17, 1888, leaving a large busi- 
ness to the management of his son. 

^ir. Ellis was a man of great energy-, an earnest, outspoken temperance 
man, always thoroughly interested in the public schools, and, during the 
twenty years he lived in town, was one of the most wide-awake, enterprising 
and public spiritetl men of the times. He obtained eight or more patents on 
various inventions, and neglected to secure several others upon articles which 
should have been patented for his own protection. He m. Ist. Ellen M. 
Denny, of Brooklyn. N. Y., who died Aug. 12, 1861, leaving two sons; 
I. Addison il. b. Feb. 20, 1858. 

II. Herbert, b. Sept. 28, 1859, m. Feb. 1, 1888, Alice A. Brown of Spring- 
field. 

J. A. H. Ellis, m. 2d. Elizabeth S. Boynton, of Groton, X. Y'.. who is still 
living. (1894) Ch. : 

III. Ellen, b. Deo. 30, 1867. 

ELLIS FAMILY. 

Joseph Ellis, son of Joshua Ellis, and grandson of Manoah Ellis, was bom 
in Harwich, Mass., in 1787, and came to Springtield with his wife and two of 
his vSons, about 1797. They settle<l on the Christopher Ellis place, now ownetl 
by H. M. Arms. He was a man of strict integrity and superior judgment, a 
type of the best men of that age. Mr. Ellis lived in Springfield twelve years: 
d. March 25, 1808. In 1760 he ni. Jemima EMridge, daughter of Deacon >Vill- 
iam Eldridge. of Harwich, ^iass., a French lady of fine intellect, well-educated, 
and so devoted to good works in her Master's cause that she gained the title 
of *^ trulv a mother in I<rarl." There were live children : 

I. Isaac, b. 1762: came to Springfield about 1797 with his father; ro. 
1781, Elisal)eth (liase: d. at Patterson, X. Y., April 7, 18;^,). 
II. Jacol), b. 1764: d. at sea. 

III. niankfnl, d. at the ag«' of eighteen. 

IV. Jeremiah, b. in Harwich. Mass., Dec. 8, 1771 : came to Springfield in 

1802 with his wife and four children, to care for his ageti parents. 
Having been a sailor he found it ditticnlt to turn his attention to his 
new occupation of farming, but with energy and perseverance he 
overcame all <liscoura<:ements. added farm to fann, increased the 
number of his barns, and soon saw tluMU filled with the fruits of his 
industry. Xever knowing fatigue himself, he was a poor judge of 
what others could endure, and was sometimes called a hard task. 
master. He never m<Mldle<l with the business of other people, nor 
alloweil others to metldle with his affairs. When asked his opinion 
of the business of other men, his reply would be that he knew 



OF SPKINGFIELD, VT. ' 283 

one man who had done well by minding his own. He m. Bridget 
Smally, who d. Aug. 22, 1830; m. 2d. Mrs. Sarah Clark, who d. 
Dec. 4, 1873. Mr. Ellis d. Sept. 29, 1862, aged 90 years, 10 months. 
Children by first marriage : 

1. Jacob, b. Nov. 4, 1792; m. Dec. 12, 1820, Abigail Bates, daughter 

of Fhineas Bates, who d. Sept. 26, 1888. Jacob d. Sept. 5, 
1853. Ch. : 
(1). AbigaU, b. Jan. 17, 1822; m. April 3, 1844, Charles Smith of 

Ohio, — four children. 
(2). llosannah, b. July 24, 1824; m. Aug. 31, 1847, Daniel B. 

Pratt of Michigan ; d. Oct. 4, 1854, — one child. 
(3). Eliza, b. Dec. 18, 1827; m. Feb. 24, 1855, Daniel B. Pratt; d. 

Oct. 14, 1876, — three children. 
(4). Sarah L., b. Dec. 15, 1830; m. Oct. 9, 1849, Horace G. Clark 

of Rutland, — three children. 
(5). Lino,oln J., b. June 24, 1833; m. March 18, 1858, Helen E. 
Litchfield, who d. Dec. 16, 1869. Ch. : 
[1]. Lucy R., b. Sept. 28, 1859; m. Dec. 22, 1886, Isaac L. 

Corthell. 
M. 2d, Marcella Weeks of Clarendon, March 10, 1874. Ch. ; 
[2] . Mary Ann W., b. Feb. 26, 1875 ; graduated from Spring- 
field high school in 1892. 
[3]. Otis Lincoln, b. Sept. 15, 1877. 
[4]. Jessie M., b. Dec. 14, 1880. 

Marcella (Weeks) Ellis, d. May 6, 1889. 
(6). Julia F.. b. July 26, 1837. Unm. 

2. Jemima, b. Feb. 14, 1797; m. Oct. 1815, Harvey Lathom; d. Oct. 

23, 1827. Four children. 

3. Isaiah, b. Sept. 28, 1798; m. Nov. 27, 1821, Sarah White, who d. 

June 16, 1889; he d. April 20, 1874. Ch. : 
(1). Isaiah M., b. Feb. 13, 1823; m. Jan. 28, 1846, May A. 

Andrews; he d. May 30, 1889. 
(2). Elias W., b. May 8, 1820: m. Sept. 14, 1854, Harriet S. Rice, 
whod. July 14, 1876: he d. May 29, 1879; one son : 
[1]. James E., b. Oct. 13, 1863; m. Oct. 12, 1887, Nellie 
Boynton of Weathersfleld ; residence in Claremont, 
N. H. 
(3). Sarah A., b. Feb. 8, 1828; m. June 25, 1848, Haskell Hart- 
well, whod. Aug. 2, 1862 — five children; m. 2d, Nov. 3. 
1863, Luther Spencer — two children. 
(4). Keltha C, b. May 6, 1830; m. Feb. 16, 1853, Wallace Cook; 
m. 2d, March 29, 1864, James Roby ; m. 3d, March31, 1869, 
James Hannaford. ^ 

(5). Cordelia S., b. Dec. 31, 1835; m. May 10, 1856, Eli Wash- 
burn of Marlow, \. H. She d. April 18, 1891 — four 
children. 
(6). Eliza R., b. Oct. 13, 1838; m. May 1, 1861, John G. Hall of 
Chester, N. H. ; she d. Feb. 27, 1886 — two children. 



284 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

4. Jeremiah, b. March 24, 1800; came to Springfield with his father 
iu 1802; ni. Jau. 20, 1829. Haooah Whitcomb, daughter of 
Shubael Whitcomb, b. May 28, 1806. She d. Dec. 9, 1893. 
Jeremiah d. Dec. 15, 1856. Ch. : 

(1). Joseph Whitcomb, b. Sept. 29, 1829. His school educatioD 
l>egau early. At four years of age he was a pupil in Mrs. 
Sp:iuldiug*s family boarding school at Perkinsville, and 
later iu a similar school taught by Elizabeth Bourne, at 
her mother's house, where L. M. Cragin now lives. He 
completed his preparation for college at Springfield Wes- 
leyan Seminary, and graduated from Wesleyan University 
at Middletown, in 1858, ranking sixth in general scholar- 
ship and first in mathematics, in a class of twenty-eight. 
He was made a meml)er of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 
and three years later receivetl the degree of Master of 
Arts. After graduation he engaged in teaching and soon 
acquired a reputation as a su|)enor teacher of mathemat- 
ics, and for thirty-five years he htis been teaching con- 
tinuously in the educational institutions of the state of 
New York, mostly in the mathematical departments. He 
taught in the seminaries at Fairfield, Oneida, and Whites- 
town, and in Cook Academy at Havana. >\Tiile at the 

• 

latter t>hu*e he was appointed examiner of mathematics 
and science in the office of the State Board of Kegents at 
Albany, N. Y., which position he still holds (1894). He 
m. Feb. 6, 1862, Phileua J. Knox of Knoxboro, Oneida 
County, N. Y. Ch. : 

[1]. May, b. Jan. 22, 1863, graduated from the New York 
State Library School in 1892, and is a member of 
the State Library staflT in the Capitol at Albany. 
She catalogued the Springfield Town Library in 
1S92. 
[2]. J. William, b. Jan. 7, 1869; graduated from Cornell 
Tniversity in 1890, and from the Columbia I^w 
School in 1893. 
[3]. Clara J., b. Oct. 15, 1S70; d. Jan. 23, 1876; killed by 
an accident, being thrown from a sleigh against a 
telegraph i)olo. 
(2). Hirain, b. Sept. 19, 1831 : m. Oct. 7, 1863, Emily A. Proctor, 
of Woathersfield, who d. Jan. 21, 1876. He resides in 
Springfield. 
(3). Maria Kuth, b. March 17, 1834; m. Jan. 22, 1868, Eri J. 
Spaulding of Troy, N. Y., who d. Jan. 17, 1886. She d. 
March 8, 1889. One child : 
[1]. Emma, b. Sept. 22, 1870; d. April 8. 1892. 
(4). Isaac, b. April 22, 1S35; m. Sept. 16, 1862, Sarah V. Howe, 
daughter of Eli Howe of Springfield. He was a member 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



K«9l(]es In Sprlng- 



of Co. K, 16th Regime Dt VerinoDt Voluntcei-s. 

field. 
(6). M&rj Ablg&il, b. Aug. 13, 1836. Vnm. 
(6). George, b. April 30, 1S41 ; ni. Dec. 18, 1866, Mary E. Wbite, daughter 

of Abel y. White, ol ijpriQgfield. Kesldes lu Rutlaod. 

5. Leonard, b. April 17, 1804; m. Jan. 1, 1829, Phileoa Walker, who d. July 

0,1833. One son: 
(1). Frankllu, b. Feb. 17, 1831. 
M. 3d April 3, 1S33, Uarj' White. One daughter : 
(■2). Mary, b. Feb. 8, 1834; d. in Florida, Sept. 21, 1800. 
Ix'onard, d. Sept. 14, 1848. 

6. Christopher, h. Dec. 11, 1807; m. March 7, 1833, Harriet Gale, who d. 

; hed. March 18, 1882. One son: 

(1). Londaa G., b. May 4, 1838; m. Oct. 13, 1859, Rose Cady. who d. 
Jan. as, 1862. One daughter: 
[1]. Nellie Rose, h. Oct. 31, 1861; d. March 21, 1879. 
M. 2d, Eliza Dodge, who d. May 18, 1882. Two daughters: 
[2], Mattie Gale, b. Oct. 18, 1867. 
[3]. Hattle Dodge, b. May 19, 1871. 
Londas G.was a member 
ot Co. K, 16th Regi- 
ment Vermont Volun- 
teers. He d. Nov. 4, 
1885. 
7. Lucy, I). Nov. 7, 1813; m. 
Dec. 6, 1832, Alden 
Tyrrell, who d. April 
27,1834. M. 2d, Samuel 
Tyrrell, who d. April 
18,1889. Ten chlldreu; 
res, in IlllDoie. 
V. Zlba, b.Jan. 27,1774;m. 
Jan. 11, 1766; came to 
Springfield with his 
father In 1797; d. at 
Oarleton. N. Y., M:irch 
16,1861. 
Frederick G. Ellison, 
son of John and B<-tsey 
(Earle) Ellison, was b. In 
Chester, Feb. 11, 1842. 
Served in the war ot the 
Rebellion in 44th Re'gt 
HassachuBetts Volunteer.-*. 
He came to Springfield in 
1875, and was for over four 
years in the shoddy business 




:E0ERICK Q. ELLISON. 



286 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

with W. H. H. Slack. In 1880 he sold out to Slack, and bought the staipn^ 
busmess of Squire Baker, which he still owns, having one of the best 
equipped stage lines in the State. He keeps eighteen horses m the business, 
uses three Concord coaches, and runs six daily trips to Charlestown, X. H.. 
and one to Cassettes Station on the Rutland Railroad. In May, 18^, he 
bought out the livery business of John Hart, which he now manages, having 
eighteen horses in the business. Mr. Ellison has the full confidence of the 
eommunitv, and holds the office of Justice of the Peace. He married 1st, 
April 3, 18G4, Helen M. Hesselton, daughter of Daniel and Harriet (Chandler) 
Hesselton. She d. Sept. 20, 1877. He m. 2d, Feb. 6, 1884, Carrie Carr, 
daughter of Martin \V. and Margaret (Howe) Carr of St. Johnsbory, b. in 
Lunenburg, March 12, 1853. 
Ch. by Ist marriage: 

I. Nellie M., b. at Chester, March 20, 1865; m. Fred. Spaulding. 
II. Edna M., b. at Chester, March 10, 1867. 

III. Alice, b. at Chester, d. 

IV. Bertie, b. at Chester, d. 



V. Mertie A., b. at Chester, Dec. 8, 1870; m. Sept. 17, 1891, Charles A. 

Hastings. 
VI. Fretl M., b. at Springfield, July 27, 1877. 
24l marriage : 

VII. Margarette B., l>. in Springfield, Feb. 20, 1885. 

SVLVESTER Ellisox, SOU of William and Rachel (Redfield) Ellison, was b. 
at Chester, Vt., Sept. 5, 1815; m. Bathsheba Lockwood, daughter of Timothy 
and Abigail (Tobev) Lockwood. Ch. : 

1. Achsa, b. Feb. 13, 1844; m. Orville Fullam. 
II. Azro D., b. Jan. 29, 1853; m. Nellie Brown. 

FAIRBANKS F.VMILY. 

This is one of the proniiuent families of Springfield, and has had numerous 
representatives living in town since the early ilays. Nearly all were farmers 
and generally noted for being good ones; characterized for industry, honesty 
and good judgment. Nearly all have accumulate*! property. In politics the 
older members were mostly Whigs, the younger. Republicans. 

Oliver Fairbanks, the first to settle in Springfield, was b. in 1752. He 
lived ill Dedham, Mass. From there he went to Hubbardston, Mass., and 
then to Stoddard, X. H. From there he came to Springfield with his family 
In 1793, and lived at what was then calletl the Lower Falls, on Black River, 
now Gould's Mills. He kept tavern and had charge of a sawmill and grist- 
mill. He was in the Kevolutionary War, and drew a pension for many years. 
Mr. Fairbanks was noted for his upright conduct, good common sense and 
generosity, favoring others in preference to self. He was a great reader and 
much interested in religion and in politics. He was a Universalist and a Deiu> 
ocrat. Hed. in Springfield in July, 1839. He m. Nov. 9, 1777, in Hubbards- 
ton, Mass., Elizabeth Clark. She d. in 1837. Ch. : 

I. Oliver, b. April 10, 1778; d. in Springfield, ^larch 17, 1855; m. in 
1803, Polly Powers, b. 1784, d. in 1853. Cli. : 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 287 

1. Lucius Bonaparte, b. in 1804; d. at Charlestown, N. H., iu 1863. 

His wife was Sarah Spencer. She d. a few years later. 

2. Asahel P., b. in Springfield, Sept. 3, 1806 ; a man of great energy 

and endurance, a prosperous farmer, noted for raising Ane oxen, 
having sold several pairs for Ave hundred dollars or more per 
pair. (See sketch under Agriculture in Springfield.) In the 
later years of his life he built the fine block in the village 
known as " Fairbanks Block.'' He d. March 12, 1894. He m. 
Lucretia MTiitney of Springfield. Ch. : 
(1). Hiram Charles, b. April 22, 1836. Enlisted in 1863 in the 
9thReg't Vermont Volunteers; d. in Charlestown, N. H., 
in November, 1864, of camp fever while home on a fur- 
lough. He m. Nov. 3, 1857, Susan H. Bosworth. Ch. : 
[1]. Lefie L., b. Sept. 28, 1858; m. Elmer Brown; res. in 

Newport, N. H. 
[2]. Susie L., b. Aug. 1, 1860; m. William Smith, son of 
Isaac Briggs Smith. She d. in 1891. 
(2). Harriet Ann, b. June 13, 1837 ; m. Sept. 2, 1857, William J. 
Bosworth of Charlestown, N. H. He served in the 14th 
Reg't New Hampshire Volunteers ; died of fever at Wash- 
ington, D. C, in January, 1864. She m. 2d, William E. 
Millikeu. She res. in Springfield. 

(3;. Henry, b. Aug., 1839; d. , 1847. 

(4). Asahel, b. 1841; d. in infancy. 

(5). Mary Elizabeth, b. Oct. 26, 1843; m. George G. Gregg of 
Weathersfield. He served in the 16th Reg't Vermont 
Volunteers. Ch. : 
[1]. Gertrude. 
[2]. Leon. 
(6). Abby, b. May 1, 1845; d. at the age of seven. 
(7). Eliza S., b. Feb. 6, 1847; m. William Westney; res. hi 

Langdon, N. H. 
(8). Franklin A., b. Dec. 4, 1850; m. Sept. 13, 1890, Mrs. Anna 
L. Rice. She d. Jan. 2, 1892. He m. 2d, June, 1893, Jen- 
nie Woolley; res. in Claremont, N. H. 
(9). William Noble, b. Feb. 5, 1853; d. at the age of six. 
(10). George Henry, b. Sept. 2, 1856; m. Jan. 1, 1890, Allie Par- 
ker; res. In BartonsvlUe, Vt. Ch. : 
[1]. loua Frances, b. Oct. 24, 1891. 

3. Cynthia, b. 1808; m. Oren Kendall. He d. ; m. 2d, Jason 

Kendall. She d. in W^est Windsor, Vt., in 1874. 

4. Emeline, b. in 1812; m. Oilman Gould in 1846. She d. in Spring- 

field hi 1870. 
6. Moses, b. 1813 ; d. in infancy. 
6. William Noble, b. 1815 ; m. Lydia Mack. He d. In 1848. Ch. : 

(1). Mary, m. Edward Hasklns; res. in Proctorsville, Vt. 

Lydia (Mack) Fairbanks m. 2d, Bingham Piper. She d. in 1892. 



288 HISTORY OF THE TOWX 

7. George FraDklin, b. 1817; m. Adaline KeDdall. A raaehinist by 

trade. He d. in Springfield. Ch. : 
(1). George Edgar, an engineer in New Mexico. Six eh. 
(2). Frank, m. Xellie Gumey ; is proprietor of an orange grove 

on Indian River, Florida ; resides in Whitman, Mass., in 

summer. 

8. Lewis Edward, b. 1820; m. 1st, Emily Hayden. One child. 

Mother and child both died. He m. 2d, Eliza Alden. Ch. : 
(1). Eliza Ann, resides with her mother in Abington, Mass. 
(2). George Edward, m. Abbie Bennett; engaged in hardware 

business in Abington, Mass. 
(3). William I^wis. engaged in tin and hardware business; m. 
Mary ^IcCoy. Three daughters. One living : 
[1]. Hazel M. 

9. Charles Wesley, b. 1825; m. 1st, Adaline (Kendall) Fairbanks, 

widow of his brother G^eorge. She d. He m. 2d, Emma Pierce ; 
res. in Whitman, Mass. Ch. : 

(1). Charles, m. 

(2). Laura, m. Alexander Wilson; moved to California, where 
both d. in 1890. 
II. Moses, b. 1782. In early years was clerk in a store in Charlestown, 
X. H. Afterwards kept a hotel in Springfield, and was also en- 
gaged in mercantile business. He was a prominent citizen. He d. 
at Claremont, X. H., Dec. 28, 1854. He m. Lucy Doolittle. She 
d. Sept. 4, 1850. Ch. : 

1. Abby, b. in Springticld: m. — Bingham of Claremont, X. H., 

where he was a prominent merchant. 

2. .John, b. in Springfield ; d. in 1862. He engaged in mercantile 

business, and went to Detroit, Mich., where he became a pros- 
perous business man and prominent citizen. He enlisted early 
in the War of the Rebellion, and was killed near Richmond, Va. 
Fairbanks Post, G. A. R., of Detroit was named for him. 

3. Aaron Dean, b. in Charlestown, X. II.; d. in Woodstock, Vt. 

4. Joel, b. in Charlestown, X, H. ; d. when about thirty years of age. 

5. Xathaniel, emigrated to Kansas. 

III. Betsey, b. in Massachusetts in 1784; d. in Springfield, about 1809; 

m. 

IV. Edward, b. in Hubbardston. Mass., June 26, 1786; d. in Springfield, 

May 7, 187S. He was a thrifty farmer and accumulateti consider- 
able property. He m. Betsey Stoddard, from whom he was 
<livorced. He afterwards m. Sally Parker, b. in Springfield, May 
25, 1788. She d. May 20, 1878. Ch. by 1st m. : 
1. Eaton W., b, Feb. 8, 1808; a prosjwrous farmer and respecteii 
citizen. He m. Dec. 10, 1836, Lovaucia Robinson, b. Xov. 4, 
1810; d. March 31, 1869. Mr. Fairbanks now lives in Xew York 
City with his daughter. ( h. by 1st m. : 
;i). Mandell Whipple, b. Oct. 25, 1839; m. in 1871, Ella Wilson 
and went to California. Ch. : 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 289 

[1]. Belle Ermina, b. Aug. 31, 1875; m. November, 1893, 

to Joha Adams of Springfield. 
[2]. Mabel Estelle, b. May 30, 1878. 
(2). Harriet Elizabeth, b. March 27, 1840; m. Sept. 28, 1871, 

Henry P. Wilson, in business in New York. 
(3). Helen Stoddard, b. Jan. 17, 1842; m. Aug. 22, 1866, Joseph 
Manville T^ewis, b. April 20, 1843. 

2. Harriet, b. Aug. 7, 1809; m. June 1, 1829, Daniel S. Bowker. She 

d. April 12, 18^4. 
(.•hildren by 2d marriage: 

3. Nathaniel D., b. June, 8, 1817; d. in Springfield, May 31, 1887. 

An industrious and prosperous farmer. He m. Sarah Jane 
Kandall. Cli. ; 
(1). Melvin W., b. Dee. 30, 1850; m. Dee. 19,1872, Lestina E. 
Williams. Ch. : 
[I]. Fred M., b. Aug. 30, 1877. 
[2]. Mabel P., b. June 22, 1885. 
[3]. Harry R., b. Aug. 2, 1892. 
(2). Percie Ward, b. Jan. 15, 1852; d. May 12, 1873; m. Dec. 1. 

1872, Albert W. Gilson. He d. . 

(3). Charlotte Ellen, b. April 22, 1854; m. Nov. 4, 1874, 
Ernest D. Gilson, b. Aug. 7, 1852. 

4. Lucy D., b. June 1, 1819; d. in Springfield, July 21, 1845. 

5. John B., b. in Springfield, Nov. 26, 1822; m. April 2, 1845, Ke- 

l)ecca Wood, daughter of Ashley and Susan (Richardson) 
Wood of Charlestown, N. IL, b. in Stoddard, N. H., Juno 7, 
1822; res. in Springfield. Ch. : 
(1). George O., b. Oct. 6, 1846; res. in Watortown, Mass. 
(2). James E., b. Oct. 6, 1846; res. in Medford, Mass. 
(3). Charles L., b. May 26, 1850; m. Jan. 22, 1879, Flora Neal 
Johnson, daughter of Rawson T. and Adeline (Albeo) 
Johnson, b. March 24, 1857. Ch. : 
[1]. Ruth Gladys, b. Sept. 19, 1881. 
12]. Flora Estello, b. July 27, 1883. 
[3]. Helen Honera, b. Sept. 17, 1887. 
[4]. R. T. Johnson, b. Dec. 1, 1889. 
(4). Lucy, b. July 18, 18.52; m. Dec. 2, 1871, William White, b. 
Sept. 4, 1849. 
(». Emeraucy F., b. April 16, 1824; m. David Safiord. She d. in 
Si»ringfield, July 2, I860. 

7. Amos P., b. Feb. 18, 1827: m. March 26,1867, Esther Amelia 

White. Ch.: 
(1). John White, b. Sept. 4, 1868. 
(2). Marcella Eusebia, b. Jan. 30, 1870. 
(3). Abbie Amelia, b. . 

8. Randy Pennelia, b. June 17, 1829 ; d. Feb. 26, 1861 ; m. about 1850, 

John Finnegan. He d. about 1865. 

9. Ellen L., b. April 7, 1^32; m. May 13, 1856, Horace Britton. He 

d. March 9, 1878. 



890 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

V. Polly, b. about 1788: d. about 1854: m. Isaac \niitney: res. in 

Springfield. 
VI. Lewis, b. in Stoddard, X. H., July 29, 1791 ; d. Oct, 23, ISCO. A very 
successful farmer. He dealt extensively in form stock, of whieh be 
was accounted an excellent judge. He m. Jan. 18, 1814, Permelim 
Parker, b. Feb. 18, 1793. She d. Aug. 2, 1867. Always res. in 
Springfield. (Ti. : 

1. Edwarti, b. Xay 31,1815; d. May 17, 1864; m. April 24,1844, 

Emily J. Randall, daughter of Lettis and Joanna (Litchfield) 
Randall, b. April 19, 1824. Ch. : 
(1) . Emma Jane, b. July, 1847 ; m. July 29, 1865, Henry Leonard : 

res. in Springfield. 
(2). Levi, b. Jan. 3, 1852; m. Oct. 25, 1877, Inza Hewey, daugh- 
ter of Leonani and Maria (Dodge) Hewey. Ch. : 
[1]. Delia May, b. Aug. 22, 1885. 
[2]. Etta Maria, b. June 19, 1887. 
[3]. Marion Alberta, b. June 12, 1889. 
(3). Abbie F., b. May 29, 185G : m. Sept. 6, 1875, Horace Kendall : 

res. in Charlestown, X. H. Ch. : Mabel E. and Ida L. 
(4). Ella Caroline, b. Aug. 22, 1860: m. April 8, 1880, George L. 
Chapio: res. in Springfield. Ch. : Howard Ellsworth, b. 
April 25, 1892. 

2. Frederick, b. in Springfield, Sept. 2, 1818; m. Ist, Emily Wood. 

She d. Oct. 24, 1860. Ch. by 1st marriage : 
(1). Suj^ie, b. June 12, 1850: m. in 1868, George Walbridge: res. 

in Randolph. Vt. 
(2). Lewis Frederick, b. June 15, 1S58: m. March, 1893, Addie 

Lovell: res. in Rockingham, Vt. 
Frederick, m. 2d, May 8, 1862. Sarah C. B. Whipple, b. May 

25, 1833. Ch. by 2d marriage : 
(3). Georgia MaudeK b. April 29, 1806; m. Jan. 1, 1891, Minnie 

K. Prest, b. in Halifax, N. S., Aug. 18, 1865; res, in 

Si)ringtield. 
(4). Wallace Lincoln, b. March 19, 1869. 

3. Eliza, 1). Xov. 2, 1820: m. Lincoln M. Field, Feb. 15, 1848. 

4. Jane. b. Jan. 2, 1822; d. in Watertowu, X. Y., May 16, 18.50: ni. 

James Woolcy of Rockingham. 

5. David, b. FVb. 26, 1826. An enterprising farmer. He served in 

Co. H, 16th Reg't Vermont Volunteers: was at the battle of 
Geitysbur*;, Va. He m. June 1, 1885, Mrs. Merriel X. (Bates) 
Aldrich, daughter of James and Mary (Grimes) Bates of Spring- 
field, h. Feb. 22, 1838: res. in Rockingham, Vt. 

6. Penn»^lia, b. Sept. 26, 1828: d. March 12, 1829. 

7. Lois, b. Dec. 12, 1829: m. May 31, 1864, Beza F. Wood. He d. 

Dec. 8, 1S81. aged 61 years. Ch. : Frank. 

8. Maria, b. Dec. 19, 1832: d. Oct. 18, 1863: m. Jan. 16, 1861, Rich- 

mond Rawson. He d. about ls90: res. in Springfield. 

9. Frank, b. July 24, 18.36: ra. Sept. 25, 1871, Betsey F. Parker, 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 291 

daughter of Elisha J. and Azuba (Ball) Parker of Springfield. 
She was b. Feb. 18, 1845. 
10. Harriet, b. Dec. 1, 1838; d. in infancy. 

VII. Sally, b. ; m. July 24, 1808, Simeon Stoddard; res. in Springfield 

and at Charlestown, N. H. 
VIII. Aaron, b. April 25, 1795 ; d. Aug. 29, 1889 ; nu 18+lV Nancy Conant, b. 
Aug. 11, 1796 ; d. Nov. 14, 1875. Ch. : 

1. Roswell Clark, b. Nov. 7, 1819; m. Britania Burnham; res. in 

Wisconsin. 

2. Aaron Dean, b. Jan. 23, 1822; d. June 18, 1848; m. May 1, 1848, 

Janette Monroe of Brookline, Mass. 

3. Nancy Elizabeth, b. March 4, 1824; d. July 5, 1858; ni. in 1847, 

Horace Robinson. He d. in 1865; res. in Washington, I). C 

4. Fanny, b. Sept. 13, 1827 ; d. April 27, 1846. 

5. Ellen Conant, b. March 19, 1831 ;ni. James A. White; res. in 

Marlboro, N. H. 

6. George Lewis, b. Jan. 6, 1840; m. Nov. 24, 1863, Carrie Chase. 
IX. Fanny, b. Oct. 9, 1797; d. about 1820. 

X. David, b. Sept. 18, 1800; d. about 1824. 

Elbkidgk L. Farmer, son of Lyman and Martha ( ) Farmer, was b. 

in Grafton, Vt., Feb. 13, 1850; m. Feb. 6, 1879, Mary A. Wakefield, daughter 

of Alpha and Lucinda ( ) Walcefield. Ch. : 

I. Anna M., b. Jan. 10, 1881. 

Mary A. Farmer d. March, 1805. 

John Farxham, son of John and Mary (Martin) Farnliara, was b. in Mil- 
ton, N. H., Jan. 20, 1803. His father died when he was three years old, and 
when he was five he came to Springfield with his mother. He lived with her 
until seven, then with Timothy Goodnow until he was nine, when he went to 
live with Hugh Henry of Chester, where he stayed until he was fourteen. He 
then went to live with Jeremiah Abbott, and was there until he became of 
age. He was a millwright by trade, having learned of William Gould. He 
was cliairman of the Board of Selectmen six years. Mr. Farnham m. in 1832 
Mary Parker, daughter of Leonard and Abigail Parker. She d. He m. 2d, 
Sarah Abbott, and after her death m. 3d, Cynthia Brown. Ch. : 

I. Susan F., b. in Springfield, April 25, 1833; m. Charles A. Leland. 
II. Eliza, b. at Rockingham, April 18, 1836; m. Charles Butterfield. 

Abner Field was the son of Pardon Field, who was b. at Cranston, R. I., 
April 13, 1761, and was the son of James, who was the son of Jeremiah. 
Pardon Field came to Chester, Vt., between 1784 and 1788; m. Elizabeth Will- 
iams, who was a descendant of the fifth generation from Roger Williams. 
ITieir children were Hannah, who m. John Kibbling; Lydia, m. Robert Field; 
James; Jeremiah; Abner; Joseph; Sarah, m. Stephen Austin; Welcome; 
Elizabeth and Pardon. Abner, the subject of this sketch, was b. in Chester, 
Nov. 28, 1703. He received his education in the common schools, and when 
twenty-five years of age began his mercantile life in the store of Peter 
Adams on '' East Hill " in the town of Andover. Later he was in trade with 
Nathaniel FuUerton in Chester, and in 1831 he came to North Springfield and 



292 HLSTORY OK THE TOWS 




^.^T^ttt-jt.^ ^.C.cZ.^<^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



2ft3 



fornied « partnership wilh Sylvester Burke. They upeued the store uow nv- 
cupied by hU son, K. G. Flelit, and continued the busiaees until about 1845. 
Mr. Fieltl wag regarded as a mau of good judgment, with Che courage to es- 
Iirens hU own opiuions, as well as to form Ihem, and he possesseil the conH- 
(lence of tile people. It was through his eltbris that a post ofHce was estab- 
lished at the North Village, ani) he was nppoliite<l the first postmaster. He 
was one of the iiicorporatore of the Springfield Savltigs Bank, and of the Bank 
of Black lUver at Proctors vi lie, bein;; for a iiuraht-r of years president of the 
latter. In |)olltics be was originally a Wltig, and joined the Hepublicau party 
at its organization. He was the representative of ihe towu in the legislature 
in 1835 aud 1837, and a senator from Windsor County in 1842 and 1843. He 
m. Feb. iti, 1882, Louisa, daughter of Daniel aud Aunah LitnthB] (Ames) 
iiriawold, who was b. In Springfield, Dec. 5, 1807, He d, Dec. 10, 1864. Ch. : 
L WalhridgeAbuer, b. 

April 26, 1833. He 

attended school at 

Perkiuaville, 

Springfield Wes- 
ley an Semluary, 

andKlniballl'nlou 

Academy at Meri- 

den, N. II., ami 

graiiuateil from 

Dartmouth Col- 
lege In the Claris 

of 1855, AftPi- 

serving 



n yea 



the 



college, he at- 
tended Harvard 
Law School, aud 
studied with Hon. 
Harvey .lewell of 
Boston. He was a 
raemlier of the 
City Council, aud 
assistant United 
Slates District At- 
torney for Massa- 
chusetts under 
Hlchard H. Dann, 
Jr. lulSGOhewas 
appointed usslst- 







ej- 



A%2^<^->^ ^.S^Se<^ 



generaljof the I'uiteii stales under At lorui'v-Geueral E. It. Hoar, and 
resigned the posltlou to engage in the pracrice of law. He was a 
member of the law Urm of Jewell, Gasiou A Field, awl later of 
Jewell, Field & Sheparti. In 1876 he wns elected lo Congress from 



HISTOHV OF THE TOWK 



th« third cnnfcressiuDul (liRtrict of MasMchuBetts, received the «er- 
tittcate of election, but the seat was contested, aad Iba deeWtrn 
uae ttnuMy »gainn him. II« vu ag^io elected in 1878, utd at tlw 
expiratloQ ot his tenn was appointed one of the justioea of Ma o — 
ohuseilt Supreme Court byGov. Johu D. I^ong, and in 1890 wasap- 
polnlei) I'hief justice, which portion Itn now holds (ISM). He m. 
In I8C9 Klleii EHth McI.uom. who d. March S, 1S7;. Two ch. : 
1. Eleaaa- lAolac 
± Elizabeth I^nttel. 
m. Sd, in 188a, Fniw«* 
FarH-ell of KoddaMd, He. 
. Cordelia Loulsa,b.Oct. 
16,1834; d. Jv)y», 
1843. 
. Fred Griswold, b. Jan. 
1,1843. He is a mer- 
chant and promiDent 




North Springfieht, 
active in town ailkirs. 
He represea ted 
SprlngftcM in the 
l^^Iature in 1870 
and 18T3, and was a 
senator from W in dsor 
Count}- In 18S0. In 
16»0 he was appoint- 
ed bj- Gov. Carroll 
S. tige. State In- 
spector of FinaDoe 
for two years. Hem. 
July 3, 1S72, Anna 
H. TarbeU of Caven- 
dish. Ch. : 
Fred 'l^rbeli.b. Deo. 
4, 1876. 
■2. Bertha Isadore, h. 
Nov. 39. 1878. 
Isadore L., m. Sept. 10, 
1872.Durant J. Bojn- 
ton. (See sketch.) 
Spi liij!tlel(< from Ithode Uland before 1780. He 
st-lllril nil \\h:u h hum kimw n ;is tlir Klelii place, at the mouth of FieUI 
brook. :iucl lln' family were living there iit the time the Indians burned 
Royalton, ((ctoher. 1730. Hf waa ii soldier of the Revolotlon, in Col. Hitch- 
cocti's regiment of Ithode I'lnnd infantry, which served under Washington, 
l>artlcipatlng' In the liiitrlei of While Plains. Trenton, and Princeton. He 
•naf b. Nov. 23. 17.i2: tn. Iliiiinah Whitman, who wag b. Oct. 4, 17fi4. Tbey 



c/tcu^-c/. C^uJ^. 



Damki. Fiki 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 296 

came two hundred mileg to Springfield, through the forest, with an ox cart, 
and he used to relate how he paid a hundred dollars in Continental bills for 
having the tire set, so much had the value of the money depreciated. He 
bought about 200 acres of land and built a log cabin in the Httle hollow be- 
tween the two-story hon«e, now standing (1894), and the brook, and after 
working through the summer, went back to Rhode Island to work at his 
trade in the winter, that of a blacksmith, to pay for his land. This he did for 
several years. The small piece of bottom land below the mouth of the 
brook was a beaver meadow, and the industrious little animals had entirely 
cleai-ed it of timber. This was the only cleared spot on the tract, all 
the remainder being heavily timbered with beech, maple, hemlock, elm, etc. 
It is said that one white elm which stood a little above the meadow, near 
where the road now enters the narrow valley going north, measured seven 
feet in diameter and made fifteen cords of wood. The early settlers of these 
towns in Vermont endured hardships which our modern pioneers know little 
about. Mrs. Field used to spin wool for some of tiie wealthier families at 
'* Number 4." When her week's work was done she would take the yarn 
and travel to Charlestown, on foot through the woods, and take her pay 
in such articles as were most necessar}' in the family. Mr. Field sometimes 
worked for the farmers at Charlestown, and carried home on his back the 
proceeds of his week's labor, a bushel of shelled corn. 

Daniel Yield was commonly called ** Quaker Field,*' from the fact that he 
always wore the Quaker style of dress, though he was never a member of 
the sect. His word was alwa>s sacredly kept. When the term of service of 
the Rhode Island troops was about to expire in the army, Washington went 
among them and personally besought them to re-enlist, as it was the dark- 
est lime of the Revolution. Mr. Field would not enlist, but told Wash- 
ington he would stay a month longer. Washington replied with thanks, say- 
ing, *' Vour wonl is as good as your bond." During that month of voluntary 
service he was in the battles of Trenton and Princeton. 

While her husband was absent working at the forge in the winter to 
pay for the farm, Mrs. Field lived alone with her two childi*en in the Vermont 
forest. Wild animals, especially black bears, wolves and catamounts, were 
then plenty. Once she scared a huge panther from her door, and at another 
time thought the Indians were upon her when at night she heard the fierce 
howls of what proved to be a pack of wolves, that came down over the 
Whipple hill up to the yard near the house in which were two yoke of oxen 
and a cow. They tried to get the latter, but the oxen stood with their 
heads facing outward and kept them at bay with their sharp horns. There 
were sixteen wolves, and though Mrs. Field had two loaded guns in the 
house, she feared to shoot lest she should kill the cattle. After a half 
hour fightiug with the oxen, the wolves galloped off and left them. She 
used to liunt the cows in the woods, leading her little boy and carrying the 
baby in her arms. In those days there was no dam on the river, and she 
used to ford it at the '* Point of Rocks '' and again at the mouth of the 
brook. 

Daniel Field carried on blacksmithing in the shop on the brook until 
near the lime of his death. His son Arthur followed the business after his 



296 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

father*8 death. DaQiel and his wife both died ia the old Field mansion, the 
former July 6, 1824, and Mrs. Hannah Field d. Sept. 10, 1834. Ch. : 

I. Salathiel, b. Oct. 4, 1778, settled on the farm in the west part of 
the town now owned by his grandson, Arthur M. Field; m. Sept. 
22, 1803, Sally Howe. She d. Jan. 29, 1808. Ch. : 

1. Lorenzo D., b. June 22, 1804; d. in Mississippi, Dee. 20, 1836. 

2. Daniel, b. Oct. 13, 1805; m. Mary Fuller. He was a Methodist 

minister, member of the Vermont Conference ; d. at Wiliiams- 
towu, Vt., May 20, 1883. 
Salathiel m. 2d, Jan. 26, 1809, Lydia Bragg. Ch. : 

3. Sarah H., b. May 2, 1810; m. Asa L. Spaulding, d. in Enfield, 

Conn., March 7, 18C3. 

4. Benjamin F., b. Nov. 18, 1812; d. in Ked City, Mich., Dec. 11, 

1886. 

5. John B., b. Feb. 22, 1815. 

6. George Olcott, b. April 10, 1817. 

7. Lincoln M., b. Sept. 15, 1819; m. 1st, Eliza P. Fairbank; m. 2d, 

Louise M. Boweu. He d. in Lowell, Mass., Feb. 11, 1882. 

8. Al)igail Brown, b. Nov. 24, 1822 : ra. John Simonds. 

9. Mary Jaue, 1. ^^ j,^^ 2- ,3^8 

10. Lydia Ann, > 

Lydia (Bragg) Field d. May 27, 1828. 
Salathiel m. 3d, Susan Merritt. Ch. : 

11. Elizal>eth Chase, b. Jan. 10, 1831 ; m. Foster H. Whitcomb. 

12. Hannah Whitman, b. Oct. -1, 18:^2; num. 

13. Susan Alice, b. Sept. 17, 1834: m. Joseph A. Wilson. 

14. David Salathiel, b. Feb. 1, 1837: m. May 10. 1861, Millie M. 

Shaw, lie wfut to Lowell, Mass., learned machinist trade, and 
was a contractor in Lowell machine shops. He bought, a few- 
years since, the homestead farm in the west part of the town, 
now owned by his son Arthur, but never moved on to it. He 
d. Jan. 29, 181K). Ch. : 

(1). Arthur M., b. Oct. 11, 1865; m. Estella Kuisman. Ch. : 

Edith. 
(2). Charles W., b. Feb. 27, 1867: m. Mary S. Pettengill: res. in 

Chelmsford, Mass. 
(3). Bernice, b. June 21, 1882. 
Salathiel Field d. Dec. 12, 1805. 
II. Zilpba, b. Jan. 26, 1780. 

III. Mary, b. Feb. 22, 1781. 

IV. Arthur, b. Dec. 1, 1783. He worked with his father at blaeksmith- 

iug, and manufactured hoes and other farming tools in the shop by 
the brook near the old Field place. His hoes had a great reputa- 
tion, and no farmer was thought to be well furnished with tools 
unless he had a '* Field hoe." Thev were the best tools of the 
kind then made, and for quality of material, proper shape, and ease 
of working, they have not been excelled since. In those days they 
sold for $1.50 each. Arthur Field w^as a man of ability, had a won> 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 297 

derlul memory, and was well versed iu the history of his town. 
Ch.: 

1. Arabella S., b. Oct. 18, 1815; m. Feb. 19, 1835, William M. 

Messenger. He was a carpenter, and built the house now 
owned (1895) by F. G. Ellison. He d. Sept. 2, 1849. Ch. : 
(1). Ambre, d. at age of 20 years. 
(2). Abbie, res. iu Dorchester, Mass. 
(3). Emma, m. George Demary; res. in Dorchester, Mass. 
(4). William O., member of Co. A 3d. Reg't Vermont Volun- 
teers; wouuded iu battle June 3, 1864; d. of wounds 
June 6, 1864. 
(5). Henry Arthur, d. April 23, 1893. 

2. Marcia, b. Nov. 4, 1817; now living on homestead in Springfield 

(1895). 

3. Richard, b. Jan. 18, 1821 ; worked with his father in manufacture 

of hoes and other tools. At one time worked in locomotive 
works, Boston, Mass. ; afterwards returned to Spriugfleld and 
was in business with his father. He m. Jan. 1, 1851, Susan 
Kilbourn, b. in Claremont, N. IL, Aug. 12, 1827. She d. in 
Springfield, June 20, 1890. He d. Jan. 1, 1894. Ch. : 
(1). Charles R., b. March 21, 1852; res. in Springfield. 
(2). Lillia A., b. April 18, 1857; res. iu Springfield. 
(3). Jennie, b. July 22, 1860: d. in infancy. 
(4). Annie, b. June 23, 1865; d. in infancy. 
(5). Frederick A., b. May 17, 18<>8 ; res. in Maiden, Mass. 
V. Susannah, b. May 7, 1785. 
VI. Oliver, b. Feb. 7, 1787. 
Vll. Hannah, b. Nov. 14, 1789; d. May 8, 1798. 
Vlll. Esther, b. April 7, 1791. 
IX. Anna, b. July 15, 1792. 
X. Phebe, b. Feb. 28, 1794. 
XI. Anna, 2d, b. June 8, 1795. 
XII. Desdemonia, b. April 9, 1798. 
XIII. David, b. April 12, 1800. 

Isaac Fisher was born in Xatiek, Mass., Xov. 5, 1763. He had a twin 
brother, Abraham, who settled in (/laremont, N. II., and d. there in 1851. 
Isaac appears to have lived in Leominster, Mass., in 1788, and up to about 
1793, when he moved to Bolton, and tlience to Lancaster about 1796. He 
moved to Charlestown, X. II., in 1799, where he was known as a carpenter and 
joiner and miller. He operated a gristmill on the brook north of Charlestown 
village on the road to Springfield, owned by John Willard. He built the first 
bridge across Connecticut River from Charlestown to Springfield, in 1806. In 
that year he moved to Springfield, and bought the gristmill of John WTiite. 
At this time the road from Charlestown to Springfield was the Crown 
Point Road, across Skitchawaug Mountain, to a point near the Chase farm, 
the present residence of II. M. Arms, thence by the Tower Farm to Lock- 
wood's Falls. At tlie falls there was a gristmill, a sawmill, a fulling 
mill, and a few dwellings. It was as unpromising a site for a business village 



298 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

as could well be found, llie laud about the mills was steep side bill or swamp. 
Men from Cliester and other places had looked the situation over, and re- 
ganied the discouragements as too great. The practical eye of Isaac Fisher 
discovered at a glance the possibilities for enterprise and business. His in- 
domitable spirit was not dismayed by the obstacles to be overcome, but 
rather gathered new energy by the silent opposition of nature to the con- 
templated improvements of man. He bought land and rights, until he con- 
trolled nearly the whole water power of the falls. He surveyed, planned and 
built the system of dams by which the water is used over and over to turn 
the wheels of industry, and made the wheels to utilize the water. Within a 
year he had the road surveyed from Cheshire Bridge up Black River to North 
Springtield, and had built the bridge at the latter place, and the one at the 
lower end of tlie village, and not long after the one called Fisher's Bridge near 
the farm now owned bv Nathan P. White. 

The building of the road to Cheshire Bridge was a hard undertaking for a 
new town, where every man had to struggle for his own existence. The 
corduroys which were laid were swept out by high water, and the clay bank 
above Morris Mills gave much trouble. It took several years to complete a 
permanent road, but in 1812 it was done, and he had in operation a cotton 
mill, oil mill, card shop and foundry, and the woollen factory nearly done. 
When the miller went to sleep and let the grain run out and set the mill on 
fire in 1809, he said to the farmers, " The machinery is left. I will have it run- 
ning again. Bring your grists in a week, and I will grind them.'* True to his 
word, in seven days the mill was running again. 'Vhen he built a mill on the 
present site of Cobb & Derby's, with a carding and fulling mill in one part of 
it. He had previously sold the power now owned by Oilman & Son to Amasa 
Houghton. In company with — Hawkins, ho had a machine shop on the 
west side of the river below the Falls Bridge. They built and repaired carding 
and shearing machines. This shop was burned in 1833. In 1810 he leased to 
Isaac Fisher, Jr., that part of the gristmill containing the cloth-dressing ma- 
chinery, and in 1813 sold the gristmill to Peter White. In 1820 he sold the 
sawmill to Allen Bates, and bought Bates's farm al)ove the AVhipple place. In 
1826 he sold the foundry to Noah Saftbrd, .lotham W. Durant, Isaac Fisher, 
Jr., and Richard McCrae. lie built the Tontine for his residence, and it was said 
to be a very nice house for those times, with Mrs. Fisher's well-kept flower 
garden Just below it. Its comeliness long since disap|)eared beneath the en- 
largements, additions and other excrescences. In farming, he was as enter- 
prising as in other business, and made his land productive far beyond the 
natural capacity of the soil. 

Mr. Fisher was not only |>osses8ed of public spirit, but of private liber- 
ality. Many a poor man waked on a cold morning to find a load of wood at his 
door. The children of the village knew him for a friend, and their researches 
in his pockets for nuts and raisins were not in vain. They all called him 
*' Grandpa Fisher." He was jHominent in establishing tJie Universalist 
Church, and one of the reliable supporters of Brother Skinner, the early 
pastor. After the death of his wife in 1831, he sold his farm to John Miller, 
and went to live with his son-in-law, Jonathan Chase, and died in 1848 aged 84 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 299 

years. Father Smiley said at his funeral that he was a leader in all the vil- 
lage improvements, and that the town was indebted to him moi'e than to any 
other one man. 

Isaac Fisher m. Elizabeth Glover. She d. Dec. 17, 1831. Ch. : 
I. Isaac, b. at Leominster, Mass.; ra. Dec. .^, 1810, Harriet Johnson. 
She d. at Kockford, 111., Aug. 36, 1806. He d. at same place, 
June 5, 1862. 
Children born in Springlield : 

1. Eliaa Glover, b. May 18, 1813; m. April, 1847, Henry Barnard. 

(See Barnard lanily.) 

2. George B., b. May 30, 1815 ; d. in infancy. 

3. Henry, b. Jan. 1, 1817; m. Dec. 25, 1845, Alma Parkhurst. Ch. : 
(1). Alice, b. Nov. 18, 1846. 

(2). George, b. September, 1848. 
(3). Lucy. 
(4). William. 
(5). Frank. 

4. Emily, b. April 24, 1819; m. July 11, 1843, Isaiah Ford of Jack- 

son, Ohio. He d. September, 1851. She d. April, 1889. Ch. : 
(1). Fanny, b. April 26, 1844. 

(2). Emma, b. Sept. 0, 1848; m. — Long of Jaokson, Ohio. 
Two children. 

5. Charles, b. Nov. 8, 1825; m. in 1852, Sarah Smith. Two chil- 

dren. 

6. I^wis G., b. May 24, 1828; ni. Emily Taylor. One child; d. in 

infanev. 

7. Francis IL, b. July 3, 1831 ; m. April 29, 1858, Samuel Mueliny ; 

res. in Cincinnati, Ohio. 
II. Eliza, b. Nov. 11, 1789, Leominster, Mass. ; ni. December, 1809, Tisdale 

Lincoln of Putney ; moved to Salisbury, Vt. 
III. Jacob, b. at Leominster, Mass., June 3, 1791; m. Dec. 27, 1815, 
Clarissa Stevens of Claremont, N. II. ; lived in Claremont, after- 
ward in Springfield, and later moved to Woodstock, where ho d. in 
September, 1871. Ch. : 

1. Isaac M., b. at Claremont, Oct. :d6, 1816; m. May 12, 1840, Mary 

F. Parker; res. in Woodstock, Vt. Ch. : 
(1). Charles F., b. Aug. 31, 1844. 
(2). Geo. B., b. Aug. :W, 1846. 
(3). EIi7al)eth Chase, b. Aug. 26, 1848. 
(4). Nellie F., b. May 9, 1860. 

2. James, b. at Claremoot, Sept. 24, 1818; d. in infancy. 

3. George, b. at Springfield, Jan. 9, 1820; m. March 23, 1847, Emily 

W. Koyce of Woodstock, Vt. She d. July 7, 1864. Ch. : 
(1). Clara E., b. May 18, 1848. 
(2). George A., b. Jan. 6, 1852; d. July 6, 1864. 
George Fisher m. 2d, Sarah A. Pierce of Woodstock. 

4. Charles, b. Sept. 8, 1824; m. Sept. 15, 1846, Mary J. Dunliam of 

Woodstock; res. in New York. Ch.: 



300 HISTORY OF THE TOWN • 

(1). Charles W., b. July 4, 1850. 
(2). Francis M. 
(3). John E. 
(4). Henry J. 

5. Abram, b. Oct. It), 1827; m. ; Abram and his wife d. in Cali- 

fornia. Ch.:Alvah. 

6. Lucretia, b. Jan. 14, 1830; d. March 18, 1832. 

7. Henry, b. July "20, 1833 ; d. Aug. 20, ISU. 

8. Jacob E., b. Nov. 20, 1835; in. Josie Mills of Nashua, N. H.: res. 

in Houston, Texas. One child, Mary. 
IV. James, b. at Lancaster, Dec. 30, 1792: m. March 27, 1825, Elizabeth 
W. French. He d. about 1830. His widow and children moved to 
Flint, Mich. 
V. (harles, b. at Bolton, Mass., April 20, 1794; was a physician: moveti 

to Memphis, Tenu., thence to New Orleans. 
VI. <;lover. b. at Bolton, Feb. 5, 1796: lived in Woodstock, and moved to 
Pennsvlvania. 
VH. Susan, b. at Lancaster, July 1, 1797: m. March 11, 1818, Jonathau 

Chasi* of Springfield. (See Chase family.) 
VIII. -Joshua \^,.^^,^.^^ 
IX. George > * ^ 

Royal E. Fisiieh, son of Timothy and Sarah (Hildreth) Fisher, was b. in 
Townshend, May, 1820: m. Family A. Evans, daughter of Eli and Sarah 
(Edsou) Evans of Rockingham. Ch. : 

I. Warren E., b. Dec 15, 1858; fitted for college, and graduated at Bos- 
ton Tniversity in 1888 : now principal of high school at Lyndon, Vt. : 
ni. Aug. 3, 1893, Elizabeth A. Orcutt. 
U. <'anie M., b. Feb. 14, ISOO: m. Jan. G, 1886, Fred L. Howe, son of 
Horace II. Howe. 

III. Kollin Everett, b. PVb. 10, 18G3; d. Sept. 3, 1865. 

IV. Boyal Earl, b. Sept. 4, 18(^4: d. Sept. 10, 1865. 

Baii.ev N. Fletcher, son of Jonar? and Luciuda (Sawtelle) Fletcher, was 
b. in Chester, Vt., Sept. 21, 1821. He d. Feb. 2S, 18(j5; m. Hannah II. Martin, 
daughter of Ei)hraim and Nancy (Haywood) Martin. Ch.: 

I. Martin B.. b. at Manchester, N. H., Mav 4, 1845: d. in infancv. 
II. Nelson E., b. at Springfield, Oct. 9, 1846: d. Sept. 30, 1848. 

III. .loeK'., b. May 15. 1849, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; m. Carrie E. Rangle. 

IV. Kate J., b. Sept. 15, 1851, at Springfield: m. Nov. 1, 1871, George C. 

Wood. 
V. (Jeorge F., b. March 15, 1854, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 
VI. John F., b. Nov. 4, 1856: d. Oct. 21, 1S80. 

VII. Flora A., b. July 5, 1859, at Quincy, 111. : m. . 

VIII. Willie A., b. March 13, 1862, at Ellington, III. : n\. Cora Holmes. 

Mrs. Luciuda (Sawtelle) Fletcher, mother of Bailey N. and George I^. 
Fletcher, celebrated her one hundn»dth birthday at North Springfield, Aug. 
29, 1888. Hie following account appeared in the Springfield Beport^r of the 
same week : — 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 301 

" The one hundreth anniversary of the birthday of Mrs. I^uciuda Fletcher 
was observed at North Springfield, Wednesday of this week. Mrs. Fletcher 
is a remarkably^ well-preserved person, and retains her faculties, especially 
her memory, to a truly wonderful degree. She is the mother of Hon. George 
L. Fletcher, postmaster at Chester. Five of her eleven children are living, 
fifteen grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. One of her great-grand- 
children is the first-born of the eleventh generation of descent from Robert 
Fletcher, the founder of the Fletcher family, who came to this country iu 1630, 
and whose descendants number over ten thousand. Mrs. Lucinda Fletcher was 
bom Aug. 29, 1788, in Milton, N. H., her parents being Michel and Sarah 
(Foster) Sawtelle. They emigrated to Chester when she was three years old. 
A reception, which was held at the Advent church in the afternoon, was well 
attended, and a number of presents, including a fine easy ch«ir, were pre- 
sented to her. Remarks appropriat^e to the occasion were made bj' Elders 
Beckwith and Lewis, George L. Fletcher and J. B. Whipple, Esq., after which 
all present had an opportunity to grasp the hand of the old lady, who en- 
joyed the occasion as much as any one, and was not much fatigued by the ex- 
citement incident thereupon. After the reception she returned to her board- 
ing place and was photographed.'' 

Frink Flktcher, son of David and Sarah (Lovell) Fletcher, was b. in 
Springfield, Dec. 13, 1709; m. Dee. 24, 1823, Esther Olcott, daughter of Elias 
and Fanny (Olcott) Hastings of Rockingham. Ch. : 
I. Charles O., b. April 25, 1839. 

II. Henry H., b. Jan. 28, 1844. Was for several years in the drj^-goods 
trade, iu the corner store now occupied by Ranney & Perkins. He 
m. Merab Wood, daughter of .Jeremiah Wood. Ch. : Fred. 

Lestek Fling came to Sjmngfield as early as 1790. He was interested 
with Samuel M. I^ewis and David Seymour in building a gristmill near the 
site of that now owned by Cobb & I>erl)y. He sold his interest to Daniel 
Houghton, and hired a part of the building, in which he put a machine for 
making nails. Later he bought land on the common, of Nicholas Bragg, 
near the site of the first meeting-house, which he afterward exchanged for a 
l)iece on the west side of the common, where he built a house, 'iliis house 
stood just north of the present site of the house now owned bj' Walker New- 
ton, and William McAllister afterward kept tavern in it. ITie church choir 
used to meet here for rehearsals. There is in the town records a vote of the 
town recorded by which Lester Fling was licensed to sell liquor. 

He m. in 1790, Polly Russell of Cliarlestown, N. IL, who d. Feb. 25, 1793. 
( h. : 

I. Erastus, b. Dec. 1, 1792. 

He m. 2d, Naomi Hart. Ch. : 
n. Alfred. 

HL Lester Hart. 

George W. Fog<;ktt, son of 'ITionias and Rena (Walker) Foggett, was b. 
in Bridgewater, Vt., July 29. 1829. His mother d. when he was two years old. 
He learned the printer's trade in the oflice of the Spint of the Aijt'^ at Wood- 
stock, and worked six jears in the ofiice of the Atlas and Ihtihj Bee in Boston. 
He was for some years in the marble business at Royalton, and later in rail- 



302 HISTORY OV THE TOWX 

ro«il ami mercant'ili' Iiu^Uips:". Hi- was thf iiublUher of wveral paper* ai 
ditterent tiniP8. 

Mr. Fo^)fetl wii:i un cutliu^iaellc tiMnpi-r:iiicc maa. aitd iiccu|tie<l promiiM^t 
)N>Biiiou» tnilu- tempi-niiice order!) of the Stai«. espeeLillr in thai ot the Good 
Templani. 'I'he Ia*i yenrs ot lib life lie hail a joli prlutlD^ oltkv at Cliarlr*- 
tou-n. X. II. He d. hi !^priti|ilieM. 

He III. Di-e. 19. 18M. Nain-v Elluhi'tli Karreti of tioraltoii. Hi. : 

I. Clara T^.uisf. b. Ih-e. 13. 1858. 

II. Charlei' Henry, li. May 4, 1871 : a iiinchlaUt liy trade. 

ChahlksA. F^fRnr^ii, elilcKt son of Rnfu?<andFMi'll:i (Hap;ri>oil) Kfirlm^ 

n-as)>. in Heading, Vt.,.lan. S. IS23. .VfleratteudinKihe district schools, he l»^ 

came ai<tiident at the L'litly Academy, rnily, N. II.. under tin- i nut met km of 

-lumes.\slitoiiH:ill. He afttTw.irii? for several tcnni alteuded the South Wimd- 

stuck .Vcndeiny. He taufKht vcIkioI for five or ^ix wlnteis. and by this nieiiii< 

eoni|i1eiuil hi!i education. He eugageil in Ihi' inercantlli- huilnesB, and WKg fitr 

■^veiiv'-ar^ rierk in a );eueral ^ton> at Feldivtile, Vt. In ISHU he openeil » 

sti>re in Sprlnsfield. whk-h 

T ~ ~ ~ - - - i^j. smvi'Mfully t'omlueti-il 

for ten yea rit. doing during 

i ll.al lime the ]nr;;c«i busi- 

Uf-if ill the vilia^. tie 

helpeil to orjiauixe the first 

Xaiixiiiil a-tnk, and is still 

■me "t the lUn'l.tors. lu 

1S74 he waselifteii {iresiiiciit 

■jf Ihi' Spriiijriield Saving* 

|{;iiik. anil ou Ihe death of 

(ieorge V,'. l*i>rier In l.-'Mi, 

«as eLvteii treasim-r. which 




1«.. 


■iliou he tiow holds. But 


fev 


V iiiin havi- don.- niore iu 


lh< 


past Iweiily y&ir-i !.• 


•-1.- 


v:m- Ihe piiiiiie 'ehoi-U 


in) 


lUtnwuthaiiMr.Kortiiish. 


Ik 


was a mi-iiilwT of the 


llo 


ar.1 of Directors of the 


St.1 


ite IViBim fiT sev.-ral 


Vei 


irs and for twenty years 


cm 


(heBiiani..f Diri-t-t.ir-ior 


Wiudsirrountv Miitiiiil Fire 


In- 


iiiniiice Company. He 


11 -r 


v->m1 fur a uuiulier i>f yjir- 


n-. 





iiteil the town 



p\ ^ '^ legislature ot the Stat.- in 

-k^ Z ^> rd^^ f€. l^WaiidlSCV Ilem.Kli^a- 

:^b-€^^K.-<U^ -y W2^-t-J■V h,iUDavU<decea^, <^.: 

I. Fniiik I).. ;;i:idii:ile id Vernii'in IniviTSity. al present eiiRaged hi the 

fiiriiiiun- niaiiutaeturing lmshi.« iit Grand Itapid*. Mich. 




m/a 



OF SPHINGFIEIJ), VT. 



itUFL'S ORt^STES FORBUSH was born at Keadin^, Oct- ", 1334. Ilia early 
life vaa speot on hU father's fui-in. He received a commou-school education, 
with a few terms at South VVoodBtocl< Aciidemy. lie learned the Hllver«nith> 
trade, nnd uarrled ou that liuslness in U'oi'cestei', Mafs., for ei;;)it years. )u 
19&4 he came to Sprinjiflleld, and war aneociated with his brother io the mer- 
oaDtile business until they sold out in 18G3. He funilihed n substitute Id the 
War of the Itebeltlon. He ia pub lie-spirited aud luienslM In puhlicaffiilrs; 
was a member of the City Council of Worcester, and hns held most uf the of- 
fices in the gift of this Iowd. He hns beeu a ilireclur of the First Natioutil 
Bauk of SpriDgfleid for ,fltteen jeujs. Hrs setileil many estates in this aod 
adjoining towns. June 9, I8B3, he marrieil Kll/u A. Spencer of Spritiglt(>id. 
'ITieir elilldren are ; 



I. 



Villiam Byron, li. Fell. 
20, 1868; graduated 
from Dartmouth Col- 
lege, class of '88 ; 
now pastor of Con- 
Kregiilional Church, 
Riverside, U. I. 



Chftrlea Hnpgooil, 
Auff. :J0, 1S76. 



RVA 



I'l: 



was a native of Marlboro. 
X. H., where he was h.Oct, 
10, 1808. His Ubristian life 
licgan so younKt.liaC hecoulii 
not tell the time of his con- 
version. He joined tlie 
church on trial in 182.^, and 
soon after was licensed Io 
exhort. Five years later he 
was license*] as a tociil 
preacher, and served the 
church in this capacity for 
several years. He was or- 
dained local deacou 1>\ 
Bishop Hobei'ti', at < 'tieiseii. 
Vt., .Tuiy 5, 1840. In 1841 lie 
Joined the Xew Hampshire Confi'i-ence 
bury, Vt; in lS4i-l3at Hutlon, 1844-J5 




,t Springlleld. 
anniiated relalii 
Bishop llandint 



and was 
[ fniftsli 

At tlie_Confereuce of 1850 he wi 

uou^nccouiit of failing health. 

, at Portsmouth. X. H. 

at the time wlmji Ilii' 

amemlHTof ihisCuhf. 



ationed at Hast m. ■tohns- 
■y, 184(W7 at < "abol. 1848-49 
compi>lled to tat;e a supcr- 
le was' ordained elder by 
14, 1844. As his Held of iahor 
ifereiice was organized iu 



■niongh he c< 



o preach 



« 

304r HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

a9 he had strength and opportunity, he was never able to resume the full work 
of the pastorate. Making Springfield his home, he became interested, with 
others, in the manufacture of scythe snaths. Among other things he invented 
the loop and nut method of attaching the scythe to the snath, which, being 
protected by government patent, gave impetus and permanent success to the 
business, and secured him an honorable place among the inventors of his time. 
His connection with the business for several years enabled him to make 
substantial provision for himself and family. June 22, 1829, he was m. 
to Miss Elizabeth Quimby at Shefford, P. Q. Miss Quimby was a native of 
Gilmanton, N. H. She d. at Springfield, Vt., March 29, 1884. Mr. Frost d. 
at the same place May 14, 1888. As a citizen, a Christian and a minister he was 
highly respected by the citizens of Springfield. Four children survive him. 
viz. : Mrs. Joseph K. Church, formerly Mrs. Chas. C. Church, now of Spriug- 
fiold ; Mr?. Rev. A. M. Wlieeler, Marshall P. Frost and Rev. P. Mason Frost 
of the New Hampshire Conference. 

JA3IES M. FrLLAM, SOU of Ebcnezer and Abigail (Stiles) Fullam, b. at 
Ludlow, Aug. 26. 1809 ; taught school and later engaged in farming. Came to 
Springfield about 1850, and located on the farm lately owned by his son, James 
M., Jr.; m. Nov. 14, 1833, Anna S. Pollard, daughter of Joseph aud Hannah 
(Holden) Pollard, b. at Enosburgh, April 22, 1812; she d. June 6, 1893; he 
d. April 9, 1890. < li. : 

I. James Madison, I). Aug. 14, 1834; m. Oct. 25, 1859, Mary M. >\Tiit- 
eonib, daughter of Salmon and Fanny (Selden> Whitcomb, b. at 
Keouo, X. H., Julv 19, 18:^6. He d. Jau. 23, lSa3. Ch. : 
1. Fred W.. b. S*»pt. 23, K^GO; m. March 8, 1887, Emma S. Hadley: 

n»s. iu Weatherstield. 
•2. Don. P., b. March 22, 1SG3. 

3. EIhmi E.. b. Nov. 31. 1><C^: d. Dec. 17, 1890. 

4. RolM-rt S., b. Fe!». 21. 1870. 

II. Adoniniin Judsou, b. at Ludlow, Oct. 18, 1835: oducattnl at Spring- 
li«'ld W«*slevau Seminarv. At th<^ a^jo of twentv-oue he started out 
aloiK* without niouey f)r assistance to make a fortune. Iu 18.56, in a 
corm*r of a ujaebiue shop at Saratoga Springs, he made his first set 
of tools for cutting stencil plates, aud from that time engaged in 
tin* sale and inanufactun* of these tools, for which he secureil a 
patent April 10, 1860. He established bis headquarters at Spriug- 
field. and began to advertise these tools as outfits for young men 
with which to canvass the country, cutting stencil plates for all 
kinds of marking. Tw<» sets were manufactured; oue of excellent 
woikinanshii) sold for 825, and a cheaper set for 810. Orders soon 
!>egan to come in for these tools, 'lliousauds sent for them from 
all par:-* of the country, and the business soon grew to large pro- 
l)Oriions, the sales amounting to 820,000 annually. Mr. Fullam 
developed all the qualities of a shrewd business man. He iuvestetl 
his profits in real estate in Springfield, and soon owmnl the build- 
ing, now Slack's Shoddy Mill, at the west end of Falls Bridge, the 
pa[>er mill i)roperty at the upper dam, and over fifty house lots. 





:^icA^' 



(Z-^-tA, 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 305 

which he had surveyed and plotted, and sold at auction, netting 
large profits by his venture. In 1868 he turned his attention to the 
manufacture of pianos, and many well remember the sign, Umtfd 
States Piano Company^ on the old shoddy mill, in large letters. 
This business was later moved to Xew York, and proved very 
remunerative. As before, Mr. Fullam invested his money in real 
estate, this time in New York City, where he now owns thirteen 
houses, including his brownstone residence on the banks of the 
Hudson, and forty lots valued at over $100,000, and which could 
easily be improved to a value of three times that amount. Mr. 
Fullam m. in New York, Dec. 15, 1876, Margaret Donahue, 
daughter of Michael and Mary Donahue, b. in Gort, Gal way 
County, Ireland, Aug. 11, 1838. Xo children. 

III. .Joseph E., b. in Plymouth, June 27, 1839; d. Aug. 2, 1846. 

IV. Lucian W., b. at Plymouth, Aug. 16, 1848; now in business in New 

York City. 

OrvilleM. Fri.LAM, son of Thomas J. and Almira (Whitcomb) Fullam, 
was b. at Ludlow, Vt., Sept. 16, 1844; m. Jan. 1, 1866, Achsa Ellison, daugh- 
ter of Sylvester and Bathsheba (Lockwood) Ellison. Ch. ; 
I. Clinton O., b. Feb. 22, 1870, at Chester, Vt. 
Asa T. Fuli.er, son of James H. and Betsey (Avers) Fuller, was b. Oct. 
2.5, 1826. Served in Co. H, 14th Keg't Vermont Volunteers. He m. Ist, Ada 
C. Bruce. She d. May 13, 18.5.5. M. 2d, Catharine L. Martin, Dec. 16, 1866. 
Ch. : 

I. William ()., h. Sept. 20, 1868. 
1 1. Frank H., b. May 29, 1872. 

TnoMAS Gaffxev, son of Michael and ^lary (McCannie) Gaflney, was b. 
in Ireland; ni. Ellen f^ahey, daughter of John and Mary (Grimes) Lahej'. 

William Gagk, son of Charles and Sarah (Wilkins) Gage, was b. at Mon- 
treal, May 25, 1833. He served through the War of the Rebellion in the 4th 
Heg't of New Hampshire Volunteers; m. Aug. 16, 1857, Nancy M. Wilbur, 
daughter of Chandler and Maria (Dean) Wilbur. Ch. : 
I. Sarah M., 1). at Walpole, N. H., Jan. 13, 1861. 
II. Gracia I., b. at Surry, X. IL, Oct. 9, 1865. 

Alvaii K. Gker, son of Elias andLoviua (Paul) Geer, was b. Feb. 2, 1822, 
at Wells, Vt.; m. May 20, 1856, Almira Burr, daughter of Asahel and Betsey 
(Ciosson) Burr, b. at Springfield, Jan. 6, 1824. 

Clarence W. Gibson, son of Heuben and Eunice S. (Grain) Gibson, was 
b. Jan. 6, 1855; m. Nov. 4, 1885, Carrie B. Hopkins, daughter of George B. 
and Julia A. (Perr}) Hopkins. Ch. : 

I. Reuben B., b. Aug. 17, 1886, at Springfield. 

Knight T. Gikfoiu>, son of JanjesM. and Lydia A. (Chamberlin) Giflbrd, 
was b. at Hartford, Vt., March 31, 1856. Machinist by trade. M. March 21, 
1877, Lizzie S. Beedle, daughter of Thomas and Pauline A. (Cady) Beedle. 

I. Grace May, b. Aug. 24, 18S8. 



30t> HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

b1l,L FAMILY. 

hAN'tEL GiM., rUe [>ion<vr ot the Oill family Id -Springlleld, wnsacarpeuter 
iiixl millnTiKht. will) fjiine from Exi'ttr, R. I., about the year 1770. rreTi<iu$ 
to his l>efomiti;r n resilient of th<^ tonii. the ori);iaal proprietors, al a Di<>etiDg 
he)d by them )Iarvh 31, 1703, vutiHl to f^ve nay person ntartin^ a sanmill on 
liieir >rraiit ttveiity neri'^ of land, and furnish a set nf iroii!t for ihe mill od 
■.■onillllon thiit iiald mill A>houI<l be kept in gooi\ rei>iiir tiftven year«. 

Tills rislit hnii )>een srrured liy Siriiou Stevens and ra;;i- Ilarrimiiii. ami 
they by dei-ri dated Feb. S, 1771, transferred It to Daniel tilll, the tniet iu 
■luestion bi-iug loi-uted at the lower falls ou Blaek liivcr, now the site of 
Gould's MillK. 

Mr. (!:lll prtH-n-diil to blast the rock mi liU purchase, prejiarBtory to huild- 
iu^.i-Kpendins eoniiderable time und miiney, but liiclianl Morris claimed the 
tract by title from the province of New I'ork. and though overtures were 
niaile to Mr. Gill by Mr. Morris to >ii'ttlc the difSculty. he abandone<l the 
project. Mr. Gill was eiei-ted amcmlH?'r of the Le|;islatute In 17S4 and again 
in 171(2. and while attemiinx '•"■ Si'sMon at Rutland iu the latter year he was 
presenteil with a pi'tltlon fli;;n<il by one hundred and nlnety-tive Inhabitants 
of Spritifrfleld ami vicinity. Ix-niiu!; date ot Oct. 10. 17112, appointing him iiwl 
rapt. Abner Bisliee agents lo 
select homesteads for them 
hi I'pper f'aiiada. in response 
toil proclnmation issued by 
■lidm G. t^imcoe. g^overnor 
of that proWnce. Relnrmu;; 
from that mliision, he was 
alien sick, and d. at Sin;: 
iiuK.X.\..Dee.7.17S3. lie 
II. Mercv "liitfoni of Ks- 
t.-r. li. I. Hi. ; 
I. .lohu.ni.niankfitl Kates. 
sUtfr of Moses aud 
lit^-r Bates. Cli, : 
1. miiki,b..ran.ll.l7S2: 
in. Sarah Ooggswell. 

Ij. .lohu Bates. I>. in 



Twelve chililren. 
5. I'olly. 

0. Bat es.m. Sarah Bel lot\ 

II. Amos, b. in 17<i.i: i 

llec. 30, ITftO. Sar; 





DAN1ELA.61UL. 



OK SPKIXOFIELD, VT. 



I It 

i V ■ 

I I 

■p 




i 



HISTORY OF THE TOW.V 



Batci'. iliiughtfi- of Knger imd llulilah (S(oilder) Bates. He d. 
Nov. 13. IS47. Ch.: 

1. ArDolil. Ii. Sept. JU. 1701. Si'iiktl in H.irtliind. 

2. <;eo:^ It.. Ii. Mnrt-li 34. 1710; ni. 'llieodoslA Walker. Ch.: 

il). .lohu i:., b. Nov. 12. ISlfi: m. Mary aiittendea. She d. 

Nov. s. l!S7S. IIi^ ii A woll-kDoni) farmer aad stock 

grower. Ill I'ompatiy uiili Uaaiel A. Gill aDd Daaiel O. 

mil,li« 1V.14 forsoiiip ye.irs eD^iigetlin the »heep and wool 

liu»lueit.'> 111 llic We^^t. t.ikiuj! out l»i^ uanibersof sheep 

for thi- farinnrs in that seoCioD. During ilie campcigu 

which resiilteil in the eleftioii of .\braham Liucnia In ISAO, 

lie iv.i^ fuptutu uf the " Wide Au'akegi." an orgaolziition 

fur the eaiDiNii^ii. aad uhieh wiu kept up during tbe en- 

li-i|i»ent iif till- soldiers fnr the Civil War in 1S61. Ife 

iildcil vi-ry niaierlally in sit-uriu); the iiuolB ot men for 

Spi'I[]<;lielil and adjiiiiilng tonus. Ch. : 

[1]. George J., ti. Feb. 24, lS.i4; ill. Mar«.-h 17. 188S, 

Martha M- Sk'hoiileraft. h. Feb. 4. 1861, at St. 

(Jt-or^e. Province of (^iiebre. Ch. : 

Mary K., h. (ht. I. ISSU. 
Martha 'I'., b. .\ug. 17, 

IS-il. 
FaniiieO. S.. b. Jan. 13. 
1894. 
[2]. Mary T., b. Jan. 13. 

IS.Vi. " 
~3]. Kat.' T., b. Dee. 22. 
IS.-i8;m. MarehS, 1879, 
C. I^wis Bowen. (8ee 
slietch.) 
■2 •. Horate. res. in Monti- 

(3). Martha, m. Franklin 
Tolli'*; res. In Weathers- 
n.-l<]. 

(4). .Marietta, m. Ifoue^tus 
t-leariifi;n:s.iiiFelohviUe. 

•5). (Jeorge, res. in Monti- 
eello, Iowa. 

■ G). Itoliert B., h. Aug. «. 
1S30: m. Mary Ward, He 
d. in Weathersfleld. Ch. : 
[Ij. Sarah, m. Jara«s 
Beagle ; res. In Spring- 
field. 
[2]. Jennie O. 
3. niinieiA.,b.Sept.»,179«; 
m. 'IlieodaTower.iiaMgh- 




OF HPKIXGF1E[.I>, VT. 




HISTORY Oi-' TMK TOWS 



ter of Ifttav nii<l Bcis.y ( Sio.l.lanI) Tower. He livci on tin- 
liHI liomesti-a<l on ( oiiinfik-tit IEIvit. wa.< nu i-niprprUiug and 
•i|if[-i'S4fiiI fiinni-r. ii iiiim i>f l:iiX(--1i<,-ai-teil £«uf>ni!<iry. iilwayg in- 
tiTcstcil ill nil i-lTiinii Toritif )iul)lii- gooil. lie wa-tfura-.iril iu the 
iiiovi-inciii for ;i liiftory uf ihn luwn. rijiI i-ontributod liif<inD:i- 
ti.111 uiiil mntt'rbl for rlii' wurli. 1[<-(1. Mardi 7, 1886. N"o iliUilreii. 
Xiiry, .l.iviis.-il : iiniii. 
diiirW. I>. S*-i.t. 14, ISOl; 111. Soiilila Ilealy; d. in Spriusflrlii. 

Vh.: 
■J \ KlU'ii. 111. 1>. It. .[uilkiiw: n-f. in KM-kfon), III. 
.■r,. Frank C. il.-iitist iii Hoikfoni. Eli. 

:i\ |):iiiii>Ill.. 1i. ill llarrlaml. .\iis. l.i, t?3;; was iKtupIeil by 
lii!> um-lp, I>auipl A. CiU. 
ulifii ilirei- year» <i1il, aud 
iias Ktiiif n'sldod iii .spriug- 
ticlil. rmil tlif death of his 
um-i<- ill 1^86. he lived with 
liliii on the rarm. aud for 
^oiiie yrars was eiijziaged iu 
sheep iiQil wool I)iigiue4:i 
with -lohu II. Oill. huyiug 
iarjie iiiiiiilier^ of ^Iie«[i anil 
[akiiij; them uesl. I.aler he 
iiKire.1 to Ilie rllk;;e. auil 
ul.lle still ntaiaing ili.. 
I'ann. has lii-eu ei;toiisIvi-l_r 
eiipiKiHi hi Ixisiiit-^s in 
S|>riii!>:field viUaj^e. Ili> 
:i<rved on the lioiiiii of va-lt^t- 
iiieii In ]$ri:. 1-97: and ls7s. 
unit Y.a» chiiiniinD »f the 
lii-aiil ill IJiSli. LSHKlMUaii.! 
1S1.-.. Ill lS«iJ-!*7 he rej.- 




■entei 



the loi 



I ill 



l-eirUlntiiie of Vermont. 

lie 111. Ut. Helen (. W.-st- 

<:ate. deeeii^ed. He in. :!il. 

i.iicyJ. Biitterfleld, daiijrh- 

lir of Kev. George I>. 

Itnlterlleld of liaiiilnlph. 

Vi. Oi.: 
30. If7:l. He has liwii engaged in 
■■:: in Sjiriniilielil : now reside? on the 
iin roiiiieetii-ul Hiver. He ni. O.-t. 
Meriill, d:nij;hler of lieorge and 
-.itnim'- .Menltt of ^prinjTlield. 




<^4^^- 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



(4) . Henry Clny, in company willi Fmiik C. Gill in Roi'kforii, 111, 
B. Martha, deceased; uiini. 
7. .Sarah, d. Id infancy. 
S. Amoa, deceased; unm. 
9. Snrah, m, Oscar P. Hice, Gr;ifton, Vt. 

10. Nancy, ni. John C. KictinrdBoii, IVeat minster, Vt. 

11. Albert G., res. in l>es Moines, lown. 

in. Wliltford, m. Dec. Vi, IHOl, BitBey Hulden. He built, in 1700. tile 
lioii»ie on tlie Gill homestead, on Connecticut Itiver. Afterwards 
emigrated to the State of Xew Vorti, wliere he d. 
IV. Betsey, m. Mr. Dyke of Weatherslleld. 
V. J[ary, m Bradley Wilaou and moveil west. 
VI. Martha, ra, Mr. Itanney of VVcb 
Fari.ky B. Oilman, son 
of Jouathau anil Mehltiibcl 
A. (Farley) (Jiltnan, was li. 
in Unity," N. H., Dec. 10, 
IS24. In IS47 he i:aine to 
Springfield, and worked 
several years in the machine 
iihop of Parks & ^V'oolson, 
and alsii for -lohn Holnici. 
Ill I6j4he began business for 
himself in tile manufacture 
of lathes. In I8GI F. V. A. 
'I'liu-nshend became a part- 
ner, tlie tinn lieiug Giliuiui 
A 'I'ownahetiil. He is noiv 
tlii' senior member of the 
firni of Gilman & Son. He 
Is an exact and skilful 
niechaaic, and has made 
many improvements on the 
iiiachincB whicli tiiey manu- 
facture, [or whicii lie has 
received )>atcuts. He m. 
June. 1840, Emily L, Hoyee, 
daughter of Samuel and 
Lucy (Watklns) Koyce of 
Woodstoclt. Ch.: 

I. Ellen Amelia, l>. 
Nov. 10, I8.5a;m. 
1876, I>r, Harvey Knight, whod. in ISlH.in Florida, Iheir residence. 
She res. non in Spi iiigfield. 
II, Ida Lucy. b. March l.t. IS57,a teai-ber in Itoyden Inslilulc, at Boyilen, 
Va. 

III. Wilbur Fisit, b. Xov. 16, 1859; d. Nov. 11. 18ii-2, 

IV. Wilbert Farley, b. June 2, 1865, graduated from Willtraliam Academy 




VILBERT F. GILM*^ 



312 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

iu 1SS7, and from Boston Tniversity in the class of 1892, takiug the 
full academical course. He is junior partner of Gilman & Soo. He 
m. Oct. 12, 1892, Nettie A. McKinnon, daughter of Charles McK In- 
uon of Cambridge, Mass. She graduated from Boston University 
iu the class of 1892. (h. : 
1. Dorothy, h. Jan. 5, 1894. 

V. Gertrude, b. July 15. 1868; graduated from Wilbraham Academy in 

1887, and from Boston I'niversitv iu the class of 1892. 

EiiNKST (iiLSOx, SOU of Wcsley and Myni (Stearns) Gilson, was b. at Graf- 
ton, Vt., Aug. 7. 18o2; m. Nov. 4, 1873. Ix>ttie E. Fairbanks, daughter of 
Nathaniel D. and Sarah (Randall) Fairbanks. Ch. : 
1. Willard Deane, b. Jan. 2.'), I^82. 

Jonas \). Glyxn, son of Benjamin M. and Martha (Johnson) Glynn, wash. 
at Rockingham, Vt., March 20, 1818: m. Feb. 7, 1842, Almira Alll>e, daughter 
of Horace and Hannah (Herrick) Allbe, b. at Fairlee, July 23, 18*23. Ch. : 
1. Frank H., b. Sept. 30, 1848 : d. Sept. 8, 1850, 

II. Mary A., b. Nov. (I, 1851 : m. Jan. 7, 1871, James E. Cox. 

in. Daniel, b. Sept. 4, 1853; m. Flora A. vShedd, Jan. 31, 18v^0, Ch. : 

1. Romaine E., b. Nov. 14. 1881. 

2. Walter J., b. Feb. 28, 1887. 

Licv D. (iLYNX, daughter of Benjamin and Martha (Johnson) Glyiiii, was 
b. at Springfield, April 29, 1820. Unm. 

JusEi'ii Glyxn, son of Isaac and Sarah Glynn, m. Nancy L<x»kwo<>d, 
daugliter of Henry and Esther l.ockwood. He d. Feb. 3, 1881. Ch. : 
I. (;eorge. b. March 21. 1S20. 

II. Rhoderick. b. Jan. 11, 1822; m. Harriet Lockwood, daughter of 
Luther and Rebecca i Buttertield) Lockwooil. Ch. : 

1. Luther R., b. Sept. 12. 1847: d. Jan. 13, 1871. 

2. Emma J., b. Jan. 8, 1850; m. Hamlin Lockwood. 

3. Hiram J., b. Feb. 9, 1S52; m. Jennie Wyman. 

4. Eliza A., b. March 24, 1859; m. Henry P. Stevens. 

5. Susan A., b. March 29, 1SG3; m. Joseph C Read. 

III. Harriet, b. Aug. 15, 1823. 

IV. Nancy, d. March 10, 1840. 
V. Elizabeth, b. Get. 11, 1827. 

VI. Catharine, b. Dec. 17, 1829. 
VII. Henry, b. March 29, 1832. 

VIII. Ira M., b. Oct. 28. 1835. 
IN. Robert, b. Feb. 8, 1837: m. Susan L. Balch, daughter of Veriou and 
Louisa (Bigelow) Balcb. Ch. : 

1. Nina A., I). Aug. 28, 1870. 

2. Herbert A., b. May 28, 1S7S. 
X. August, «l. Dec. 28, 1801. 

XL Hannab, b. Sept. 1, 1841. 
XI 1. Justiuia C., b. Get. 8, 18IS. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 813 

Isaac Glyxx, father of Joseph and Jaiiif»s Olyiin, was b. hi Westfonl, 
Mass., July 7, 1761. Came to Sprino;fleld froiu Tynjijsboro, Mass., in 1807, and 
settloil on the highest farm on the hill, a mile west of the farm now owned hy 
Jona-i Glynn (1895). He afterward moved to the latter place, where he d. Dec. 
30, 1S.X5. He was a cooper by trade. In 1775 he enlisted in the Kevolution- 
arv :n mv : was at the battle of Bunker Hill and served ihroujjh the war. lie 
m. Sarah Nutting of VVestford, and there were thirteen children. 

Damkl Goddard, son of Enoch and Esther (Bliss) Goddard, was b. in 
Windlumi, Vt., Nov. 19, 1812; m. 1st, Delia Waters; she d. Oct. 10, 185G: m. 
2d, Emily Stiles; she d. Aug. IG, 1864; m. 3d, Fanny A. Arms, daughter of 
I'ev. Selah and P^liza (Ames) Arms. 
<"li. by 1st marriage: 

I. Caroline K., b. Nov. 25, 1837; m. . 

1 1 . Frederick W., b. Dec. 5, 1839 ; d. , 1863. 

III. Elisha W., b. Feb. 15, 1842; m. Nellie Bailey. 

IV. Edward A., b. Nov. 10, 1844; d. . 

Ei.HANAN GOODN'OW, SOU of William and Abigail (Banks) Goodnow, wash. 
.Tune 11, 1811. He was a mechanic, and worked many years for the Novelty 

Works (^0. He d. . 

He m. 1st, Lucy Griswold. Ch. : 

I. Ellen L., b. June 27, 1850; m. Watson Mason. 
lie m. 2d, Harriet E. Ihirgess, daughter of Osman and Experience 
(Stafford) Burgess. Ch. : 

II. Etta M., b. Aug. 12, 1852; m. October, 1868, Byron E. Oaks. She d. in 
November, 1871. 
III. Henry W., b. Nov. 3, 1857; d. in infancy. 

E. E. GOULD, son of J. E. and Mary E. (Hazeltine) Gould, b. at Wind- 
ham, Vt., March 12, 1860: m. Feb. 18, 1883, Laura E. Howe, daughter 
of (ieorge E. and Caroline (Moore) Howe. C'h. : 

I. Halph A., b. at Bellows Falls, Jan. 29, 1886. 

HiUAM Gould, son of William and — (Damon) Gould, was b. at Spring- 
tield, Nov. 30, 1822; m. May 6, 1840, Sarah Litchficdd, daughter of Jacob and 
Aima (Stoddard) Litchfield. Ch. : 

I. Major, b. Feb. 27, 1842; served in Ist Keg't Vermont Cavnliy; d. 
July 19, 1874; m. Feb. 16, 1863, Abbie (Parker) Hogan. 

II. Amos, b. July 13, 1843; served in 1st Keg't Vermont Cavalry; m. 
Mary V. Brewster. 

III. Lucy Ann, b. April 4, 1845; d. Jan. 10, 1863. 

IV. Hiram ( ., b. Jan. 29, 1847; d. Jan. 10, 1885; m. Sarah Kelley. 
V. John J., b. June 27, 1849; d. Jan. 1*, 1859. 

VI. Edward W., b. Nov. 19, 1852. 
VII. Laura E., b. April 25. 1864; m. Simon Putnam. 

LrciAN GoiLD, b. Jan. 20, 1852; m. April 14, 1879, ( atliarine Kyan, 
daughter of Thomas and Anna (Crowley) Kyan. Ch. : 
I. Willie J., b. Nov. 10, 1883. 
11. Anna M., b. Feb. 8, 1886. 



3J4 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Dana Graham, soq of William aud Mary (Jones) Grimes, was a mechanic, 
and lived iu Springfield many years. He was b. at Hancock, X. H., and m. in 
Spriugtield in 1834, Rebecca Rice, daughter of Benjamin and Louisa Rice. He 

d. in 1SS8. She d. iu 1890. 

Al3IOM> E. Gkaham, the adopted son of Dana and Rebecca (Rice) 
Graham, was the son of Thaddeus and Emily J. (Granby) KUbourn. He was 
b. in Alstead, X. H., Oct. 14, 1831. His parents moved to Claremont when he 
was two years old, and then to Weathersfield. His father died when 
Almond was six years old, leaving the family in destitute circumstances, and he 
was adopted by Dana and Rebecca Gniham, who came to Springfield from 
Ludlow, Vt., in 1841, and resided here until their deaths. 

In 18.57 Almond settled in Richmond, Va., and was thereuntil near the close 
of the Civil War, when he went to New York City, where he was engaged iu 
the stencil and die-sinking business until 1870, when he returned to Sprinp:- 
field, where he now resides aud carries on the business of house paintmg and 
paper hauging. His grandfather, Jacob Kilbouru, was a soldier of the Revo- 
lution under Col. Putnam, and he is a descendant of John Kilboum, the 
noted Indian fighter, wlio once settled in Springfield and aften^ards went to 
Walpole, N. H. He m. Dec. 6, 1860, Sarah Smart, daughter of Capt. Abial S. 
Smart of Springfield. Ch. : 

I. John R., b. at Richmond, Va., Nov. 22, 1861 ; d. young. 
II. Charles, b. at Richmond, Va., Aug. 4. 1863: d. young. 
HI. Harry, b. at Springfield, Xov. 20, 186.5; d. in 1887. 
IV. George II., b. at Brooklyn. X. Y., April 18, 1867 : res. with his family 

at Springfield, Mass., and is with llaynes &Ck)., clothiers. 
V. Walter S., twin, b. at Springfield, Aug. 28, 1870: res. in Springfield. 
VI. Willie A., twin, b. at Springfield. Aug. 28, 1870: res. at Marlboro. 
Mass. 

GKORr;K W. Gkaiiam, son of Robert aud Peninah (lleselton) Graham, was 
b. in Weston, Vt.. Aug. 2S, 1830. He rauie to Springfield in 18.54: worked at 
carriage making with his brother Lewis: first worked in the shop just above 
the furuiture store lately occupied by Charles Sanders: after a year, moved to 
his present sliop just below Falls Bridge, where he has since carried on the 
business. He m. May 21, 1872. Kila Goodnough, daughter of Henry G. and 
Sarah (Davis) Gooduougli. Ch. : 
I. Hugh (;.. b. Jun«* IS, ls79. 

Lewis Graham, brother of George W.. b. .\pril 25, 1822, came to Spring- 
field and carried on the business of carriage making, aud in 1854 took his 
brother George W. into the shop. He enlisted in Co. K,16th Vermont Volun- 
teers, and was chosen 1st Lieut, of the company. He resigned March 12, 1863. 
and d. at Washington, D. C. March 18, 1863. 

David Grk^jg was born iu Deering, X. H., July 19, 1804. He came to 
Springfield with hh^ family al)out 1840. A few years later he moved to Gran- 
ville, Vt., but returne<l toSpringfieid in 1S6.3, and is still living in town (1805). 
He m. in August, 1832, Melissa A. Robinson of Goshen. X. H. She d. in 1865. 
Ch.: 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



315 



IV 



I. Hnirlot. 

I. 8arah R., les. Id Sprlngfielil. 

I. George G., m. Mary Fiiirbaiiks, liatiKliterof Asalifl 1*. Fairbanks; res. 
In VVeathersfielil. 

William H. 

Frederick A., d. young. 



HtRAM Ureene, bou of lliomas aod Khoda (Stlfkney) Greene, Wi 

Springfield, Aug. II, 1818 ; m. Ist, Mary Browu. She d. ; m. id, N 

I87I, Martha Bixby, daughter o( Albert and Eliza (Dearborn) Blxby. 



SQL-. 



1 of 



Tho 

(.Stickney) Giveue, was b. 

at Springfield, March 27, 

1802; m. Mary Herrli^k, 

danghter of Samuel 

Harjr (Spauldhig) Herriek 

Uh.: 

1. Marela H., b. Sept. 4. 

1833;ni.S.W.Damoii. 

Nov.12, IS49. 
U. Hannah, h.May6,I8;«: 

m. nee. IS, 1856,.li>liu 

Thayer. 

III. Eltiuibeth, U. Sepi. '.), 

]838;ni.Sept.l4,IS58, 
W. J. Glliou. 

IV. Lucy Ann, li. Nov. )1, 

ie43;ni. Feb. 16, ISGn, 
H. J. Stoddard. 
V. Simon «'., b. Aug. 14, 
1849: m. May 18,1871, 
Anna E. Damon, 
daughter o( Almua 
and llenriettiL 
(Staples) Dann.ii. 
Ch.: 
1. Bertram S., b. Oct, 
10, 1874. 
VI. Mary K., b. Jan. 13, 1851 ; in. Feb. 2, I 




( .lurleB O. Williur. 



William GkifI'-itii ciime to this town from Colerain, Mass., us early a? 
1785, and located on the brook in Spencer Hollow, then called "Sartwell 
Brook,'' where he bnilt a tnlliog mill below the sawmill. About 1704 he 
moved Into the village, and bought land on the east side uf the river. It Is 
said that he bnilt the nrst frame house in the village, which stood near the 
river JuBt below Klmbaira blacksmith shop, and was carried off in the ^nm] of 



816 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

1869. He also built the first cloth-dressiiijjj and fulling mill in the village, 
just above where the woollen mill now stands. Mr. Griffith's sister was the 
wife of Lemuel Whitney. 

» 

JOXES Gkimks. son of William and Mary (Jones) Grimes, was b. at 
Hancock, X. H., April 3, 1824; m. July 1, 1S47, Matilda A. Rice, daughter of 
Benjamin and Lois (Hardy) l^ice. Ch. : 

I. Myron J., b. Nov. 11, 1848; m. June 18, 1870, Alma Brewster, 

Parker K. Grimks, son of William and Mary (Jones) Grimes, was b. in 
Hancock, N. H., April 25, 182G: m. Jan. 3, 1854, Lytlia A. Beckwith, daughter 
of Jared and Lucy (Brigham) Beckwith, b. at AUtead, X. H., Xov. 26, 1S21, 
Ch.: 

I. Flora M„ b. at Alstead, X. IL, Oct. 11, 1857; m. Lucius M. Cragin. 

March 30, 18SL (See sketch.) 
IL Florence L., b. at Springfield, Jan. 24, 1863. 
III. Alice M., b. at Springfield, Sept. 15, 1864. 

(iinSWOLD FAMILY. 

Daniel Griswold, son of John and Mary (Ward) Griswold, was born in 
Meriden, Conn., Dec. 5, 1762. He was a direct descendant from Edward Gris- 
wold, who, with his brother Matthew, came from England and settled iu 
Connecticut about 1645. His father, who had enlisted in the Revolutionary 
AVar, under Gen. Israel Putnam, died in service when Daniel was fourteen. 
At the age of sixteen Datiiel entereti the army and served nine months, being 
employed most of the time as teamster. It was at this time of his life thai 
certain traits of character were exhibited which later in life were developed 
more fully, and ever made him a prominent man in the town and vicinity 
where he lived. His integrity and good jn<lgment were proverbial. He- 
was economical without being mean, and add to these an untiring industry, 
a firm Avill, and considerable perseverance, and we have the probable 
cause of his apparent success in life. In August, 1784, he bought his first 
land in Springfield, of John Gilmore of Rockingham, and came up from 
Connecticut one or two seasons, bringing his provisions with him, and 
cleared a portion of the land. In 1786 he married Annah Lenthal Ame:<, 
daughter of Anthony Ames and Hannah Eells of Middletown, Conn., and 
in 1700 they started from Connecticut, with an ox team, for Vermont. 
After a journey of ten days they reached Xorth Si>ringfteld, and movtni 
into thf'ir log house, which stood a few rods west of the brick house so 
loijg occupied by Joel Griswold. In 1703 a new framed house was built, 
the one where Deacon J. M. Boynton now lives. Mr. Griswold added mon* 
land to his original purchase from time to time, as his means permitted, 
until he became one of the largest landholders in the vicinity, and he was 
entrusted with many important offices by his townsmen, and was always 
familiarly known as ''Squire" (iriswold. In religion he was a Congreg:i- 
tionalist, a member of the church at Springfield, but after the Baptist society 
built the brick church on the hill at Xorth Springfield, the family attended then*. 
They had ten children, and lived to see them arrive at manhood and womanhood. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 817 

and at one time during Mr. Griswold's life they were all settled in the 
immediate vicinity of the old homestead, so he could visit all upon the same 
day. Their home was one of warm, genial hospitality, and young men and 
maidens came from miles around to spend an afternoon or evening, these 
gatherings being enlivened by vocal and instrumental nmsic. After the 
death of his first wife, June 8, 1826, he married Mrs. Abigail Davis. He 
d. Aug. 3, 1836. 

Ch. by 1st marriage : 
I. Lentha, b. 1780; m. Amos Hulett; d. Sept. 9, 1863. Xo children. 
II. Mary, b. 1788; m. Levi Boynton of Weathersfield ; d. May 15, 1832. 
Eleven children. 

III. Hannah, b. 1790; m. Enos Brown, and lived in Springfield ; d. Oct. 11, 

1872. Eight children. 

IV. .Joel, b. 1792; m. Mary Chase of Springfield; d. April 22, 1871. Ch. : 

1. Daniel C, b, 1824; m. Adelaide E. Griswold; merchant in Boston. 

2. Mary J., b. 1837 ; m. M. K, Paine of Windsor, Vt. 

V. Daniel, b. 1794; m. Amelia Chandler of Chester; d. March 15, 1847. 

Ten children. 
VI. Lucy, b. 1796; m. Samuel Stimpson of Springfield; d. Aug. 30, 1860. 
Five children. 
VII. Martha, b. 1797; m. Russell I^ckwood ; d. Sept. 1, 1858. Six chil- 
dren. 
VIII. Lorenda, b. 1802; m. Lucius H. Cheney; m. 2d, SylvanusNewhall; d. 
May 5, 1866. One child by Ist marriage. 
IX. Sarah, b. 1804; m. Charles Sherwin of Weathersfield; d. Feb. 25, 

1863. Four children. (See Chase family.) 
X. Louisa, b. 1807; m. Abner Field. Still living at Xorth Springfield. 
Four children. (See Field family.) 

Francis Griswold lived at Kendrick's Corners, near Xorth Springfield, 
for many years, in the house afterwards owned by his son-in-law, Joseph 
Lewis. He m. Asenath Robinson. Ch. : 

I. Lucinda, b. Feb. 3, 1798; m. Feb. 21, 1818, George Wade, of Massa- 
chusetts. She d. two days after the birth of her daughter, who was 
reared by her maternal grandparents, fVancis and Asenath (Robin- 
son) Griswold. This daughter, Lucinda Abigail Wade, b. X^ov. 14, 
1818; m. Nov. 9, 1837, Augustus, son of Joshua Lockwo<xl. She 
d. Xov.28, 1866. 
II. Ruth, m. Joseph Lewis. 
HI. Almira, m. Hosea Feleh; lived in Felchville, where he d. Xovember, 
1884. Ch. : 

1. Lucinda, m. (ieorge M. Clark. 

2. Kate, m. Azro White. 

Fkan'Cis Griswoij>, son of George and Abigail (Dyke) Griswold, was b.at 
Weathersfield, Vt., Dec. 5, 1813. He served in Co. A, 3d Reg*t N'ermont 
Volunteers; m. Sept. 25, 1836, Sarah Hadley, daughter of Rufus and Dinah 
(Ayers) Hadley. Ch. : 

I. Carrie D., b. April, 1840; d. in 1863. 



318 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

XORMA.X Griswoli>, sonof George and Abigail (Dyke) Giiswold, was b. at 
Weathersfield, March 19, 1822; m. March 15, 1854, Lucy J. Davis, dmnghterof 
Calvin E. and Lucy (Rumrill) Davi?. Eight children. 

Fred W. Grant, son of Daniel and Esther (Spencer) Grant, was b. May 
26, I860; m. March 11. 1883, Estella M. Whitcomb, daughter of William L. 
and Matilda L. (Kirk) Whitcomb. Ch. : 
I. Edna E., b. Aug. 20, 1885. 

Simeon Grow, sou of Wilkes S. and Panielia (Short) Grow, was b. in 
Morgan, Vt., Sept. 20, 1843. He enlisted Nov. 22, 1864, in Co. E, 26th Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers, and was mustered out Aug. 26, 1865, — having moved 
from Vermont to Westboro, Mass. In 1877 he came to Springfield and bought 
a farm in Eureka, formerly owned by Amos Belknap. 

He was a loyal and enthusiastic member of Jarvis Post, G. A. K. Was 
elected chaplain early in its organization, and served in that olUce until his 
death, March, 27, 1888. He m. Achsa S. Hitchcock of Westminster West. 
Ch.: 

I. Wilkes S., b. Oct. 22. 1870. 

II. Winnie M.. b. Nov. 25, 1871. 

III. Marion L., b. Aug. 12, 1873. 

IV. Albert M., b. May 19, 1875; drowned in Connecticut River, July 4, 

1894. 

V. Walter L., b. Dec. 7, 1876. 
VI. Norman L., b. May 19. 1878. 

VII. Emily R., b. Jan. 25, 1881. 
VIII. Alicp M., b. .July 19, 1882. 
IX. Simeon, b. July 25, 1884. 

Dm. Andrew A. IIaig, sou of John and Helen (Atchinson) Haig, was b. in 
Potsdam, N. V., May 4, 1857. 

He studied me<licine. and graduated from the College* of Physicans ami 
Surgeons, Baltimore, Md., in 1S83. Located in Hancock, N. II., the same 
ye:ir: was in practice there and in Peterboro, N. H., about five years. Nov. 
1, lvS88, he bought the practice of Dr. (irauville Knight, and came to Spring- 
fleM, where he now has an «*xteusive practice (1S94). 

Abxer B. Half:, son of Edward C. and Susan (Tolman) Hale, was b. at 
Wincheudon, Mass., June 24, 1828. He was a member of Co. G, 7lh Re«:'t 
Vermont Volunteer.<: served as musician. Was for some years in gristmill at 
North Springfield. He m. June 15, 1858, Catharine C. Lockwood, daughter of 
Rojjwell and Charlotte (Wheeler; Lockwood of Springfield. Ch. : 
I. Ida B.. h. April 22. ISfil : m. Herbert Miller. 

Fi:ank a. Hall, son of Hiram and Lucy A. (Goodell) Hall, was b. at 
Springfield, July 5. 18.53: m. Nov. 8, 1^85, Jennie F. Burbank, daughter of 
Ilor.ice H. and Francelia P. (Cook) Burbank. Cli. : 
I. Ernest H., b. at Springfield, Dec. 27, 1880. 
11. Eva. 1). at Springfield. Aug. 30, 1888. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



31!t 



Oborgk Hall may properly IjeclitgBed with the <-Hrly settlers of this town, 
altbout^h his house, which he supposed for many ye»r4 to lie id Sprin^eld. 
was found to stand just across the line in Weathersfleld, while his well, the 
first one iu town, wns in Springlleld. He came In 1763, and located on the 
Crown Point roail, where Iiuther G. Boynton lately lived. He was one o( ihe 
seven signers of the first call for » town meeting, In 1764: and probably was 
the moderator, as he served In that capacity in many of the earlier (neetlugs. 
Previous to coming to Springfield, he had been in command of the garrison at 
Port Dummer, and retained the title of captain. 

His oldest daughter, Mary, married Capt. Abner Bisbee, and is said to have 
been the Urst person married In Weal hers tie Id. Hallie, the second daughter, 
married a Douglas, moved to the west side of the mountains, and it is said thnt 
Stephen A. Douglas was a descendant. The sons of Capt. Hall were iu the 
Kevolutionary War, and afterwards settled in the Genesee Valley, X. Y. 
Gkorre K. Hall, son;^of Hiram and Lucy A. (Gootleli) Hall, was. b. In 

SpringHeld, Nov. 27, 183B; m. Ist, Elieu K. Whitcomb;she d. . Ho ni. 2d, 

Mary A. Fay, deceased. M. 3d, Jessie A. Sladi'. Cli. : 
r. Arthur G., b. Jan. 8, 1884. 
II. Nina E., h. April 28, 1887. 
.lOHN IlAi.L, son of Jesbp 
and Clarissa (Biir1«-) Hall, 
was b. at Aiidover, Vt., 
July 12, 1821 ; m. April 8, 
1W9, Elizabeth Fenuo, 
daughter of Benjamin and 
Ell/aheth (Dimick) Fenno. 
Oh.: 

I. Clara E., b. at Boston. 
Mass., March 13, 18S1 ; 
m. Lowell It. Hemis. 
IL Mary Klla,b.iit Boston, 
Sept. 18, 1S5-2: m. 
Solon Q. Remls. 

III. Laura E., b. at Boston, 

AnK. 21. 18.'>5:d.l>ec. 
18, ISGO. 

IV. .lennle I., b. at SprliiK- 

fleld, May 10, 18nH;ni. 
Henry Hall. 
V. Ahblu L., b. lit Spring- 
field, May ^0, ISGI; d. 
in infancy. 
John K. Hall, son <>f 

Caleband .\talanta (Shafter) 

Hall, was h. in (iraflon, Vt.. 

Nov. IB, 1812. He has lived 

la .Springfield nearly all his 

life, and been called to manv 




320 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

positions of trust by his townsineD, whose confidence and esteem he haft 
always held. He was for many years one of the trustees of the Sprio^eld 
Savings Bank, and served as lister a number of terms. Mr. Hall is one of 
the successful farmers of the town, and noted as a good judge of stock. 
He m. June 2, 1841, Louisa Williams, daughter of Col. Jonathan and Betsey 
(Kidder) Williams, b. in Springfield, Oct. 19, 1818. Ch. : 
I. Abby L., b. Oct. 30, 1842; d. Jan. 10, I860. 

II. Fretl, b. Sept. 23, 1844: m. Septeml)er, 1872. Lizzie Wilson; d. in Cjtli- 
fornia. 

III. Elizji B., b. Dec. 15, 1840; m. William Hall. 

IV. Ilenrv D., b. Oct. 25, 1849: m. Lulu Howard. 

V. Martha E., b. Oct. 28, 1852. A teacher in public schools. 
VI. Alice S., b. April 10, 1857. A teacher in public schools. 

VII. Fanny C, b. Dec. 14, 1859. A teacher in public schools. 
VIII. Edward S., b. Feb. 14, 1803: res. on homestead in Springfield. 

Joshua C. Hall, son of Samuel and Betsey (Fowler) Hall, was b. at 
Springfield, Aug. 30, 1813: d. Feb. 14, 18aS: m. Sarah W. Adams, daughter of 
Joseph and Polly (Gooiliiow) Adams, b. at Springfielil. April 25, 1813. Ch. : 
I. Mary E., b. Nov. 1, 1S57: ni. Elias S. Jones. 
11. IlfMirv A., d. in iufaiicv. 

KOGEK W. Hall, son of William and Fanny (McHeffey) Hall, was b. at 
Aftou, X. Y., Nov. 24, 1854: m. Xov. 10, 1880, Emma L. Howe, daughter of 
Solon M. and Mary Ann (Ward) Howe. Ch. : 

I. Fannie May, b. at Springfield, April 20, 1882. 

Geokge H. HA3LMOXD, SOU of David ami Alice (Stone) Hammond, was b. in 
Reading, Vt. He has been for many yejirs in the meat business in Springfield. 
He m. Ann E. (lark. Cli.: 

1. .John IL, b. at Keading, Vt.: in. Emma Sattbrd. He is eugageii in 

the meat business in SpringrteM. 
11. Fred ('., b. at Heailing, Vt., March 22. 18f>3: a machinist; m. Jan. .5. 
1884. Carrie E. Slade, ilaught«-r of Allen L. and Ellen E. (Wolfe) 
Slade, b. at Hockingham, Feb. 23, 1S(^^. Ch. : 

1. George A., b. May 30, 1887. 

2. Kutb. 

IIAHLOW FAMILY. 

I,Kvi IIaklow came to Springfield from Taunton, Mass., in the winter of 
1783-S4, bringing bis family on an ox sle<l, and settled on the farm on Parker 
Hill wher*^ Silas Cuth^r now lives. He soon made an exchange of farms with 
a man named Mclntvre for a farm since called the Harlow farm, a little farther 
north, and now the residence of George L. Cutler. It is said that he made 
the first brick ever maile in SpringfieM. In 1705 he made brick for Jennison 
Barnard, in Eureka. 'Hiey mixed the mortar with shovel and hoe. The Ilar- 
lows wen' note<l tor strong constitutions and long lives. T^vi Harlow ni. 
Silence Cobb. < h. : 
I. Clara. 



. J'arker, <lniif;liter of St<-pheu auA ilnry 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 

II. Levi, Jr., lived ou the Ditvld Fairbaoks farm. 
Ann Damon, f'h. ; 
1. llannnh. 

3. Wminm. 

4. Hsdell. 
6. Eliza. 

6. Marf Auu. 

7. Eliza. 

8. I^vi B., m. Altlieu i 

(Bellows) Parker. Cli.: 
(1). Mira E., b. Nov. 7, 1843; m. JamM B. Hildrpth. 
(2). Julia A., b. Sept. 18, 1-S4ii; m. Charles Towu. 
{3). Wilbur, b. May 26, 1841) : <i. June 14, 1873. 
(4). Bniilford H., b. Feb. 2(i. 1«52; in. Wa C. Emery. 
(5). I^'Vi W., Ii. I>ec. 11, 185G. 
(6). Stella E., b. Feb. 7, 1881. 

(7). Milton P., Ii. AuR. 4, 1803; m. 18!)4. Gertrudi- 
Proctoisvllle, Vt. 
HI. Silence, m. John C. Biugliain. (.S-e Klnj^liani family.) 
IV. David, son ol Levi, 
Sr., m. Aug. 2, 
1802, Itetsi^y 
Stocker. lied. of 
spotteii fever. Ch.: 

1. Harry, h.M:ircli 

23, 18(M;d. ill 
Weston, Vt. 

2. Horace, b.Scpt. 

29, 

killed by »ii 
aceideiit. 
:t. Harriet, b. Au>;. 



Uarn u m , 90I 1 1) riie vi . 



Susanrnh \tu<\ 



^VillJrd l( b 
Iulj7 1h(l') 111 




322 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

(1 ) . HermaQ W. was b. in Chalestown, X. H., Xov. 16, 1835. IDs 
father moved to Spriugfield in 1836. Hemimii was 
ediicateil at the public schools and Springfield Wesleyan 
Seminary. Was engaged in mercantile business In 
New York, but from 1865 to 1892 was a resident of Spring- 
field, a part of the time in the hardware business. He was 
honored by his townsmen with many positions of promi- 
uenee and trust. He represented the town in the Legisla- 
ture of 1890, was ten years member of school committee^ 
and on county board of education. Now res. in Hartford, 
Conn. He m. Aug. 27, 1863, Nettie L. Parks, adopted 
daughter of FriHlerick and Elmira (Davidson) Parks of 
Springfleld. Ch. : 
[1]. Frederick M. 
[2]. Milan P. ; both in business in Hartford, Conn. 

(2). Marcia, m. — T^amsou of Windsor. 

(3). Abbie, m. Warren Burpee. She d. April 18, 1885. 
Willard B. m. 2d, Mary K. Whipple of Charlestown, N. H. Ch. : 

(4). Edwin, m. Lizzie Powers of Springfield ; res. in Brattleboro, 
*Vt. 

3. Lewis Wells, b. July 20, 1811; m. Oct. 25, 1837, l^ura Bellows. 

4. David, b. Oct. 26, 1814; m. Sophrouia Washburn. 

5. Jehiel, b. July 30, 1818: m. Jane Boutelle. 
Barnuni Harlow m. 2d, — Parks. Ch. : 

6. Laura. 

VI. Ebenezer, son of L<*vi, Sr., m. Permelia Powers. Ch. : 

1. Albert G., ni. Caroline M. Stowell. He was killed by an accident 

while shooting. Ch.: 

(1). Frank 8., b. Feb. 18. 1857 : graduated at West Point Military 

Acad«*my: in \>^7i) he was assigned to 1st Reg't Uniteii 

States Heavy Artillery. In 1890 was detailed as in- 

strnetor in astronomy at West Point Military Acaciemy. 

Mrs. Caroline M. Harlow m. 2(1. Calvin Adams; res. in 

Springfield. She d. in 1895. 

2. Henry P., b. Oct. 31, 1824: was engaged in harness making iu 

Springfield : afterwards was i)ostniaster from 1868 to 1874, and 
possessed the confi<lence and respect of the people. He ui. 
Oct. 11,1853, Eliza Holman, b. Feb. 25, 1832, daughter of Deacon 
Arba and Hannah (Clarke) Holman. She d. March 16, 1889. 
(b. : 

(1). Frederick Henry, b. Xov. 21>, 1856: d. Oct. 19, 1863. 

(2). KoUa Cyrus, b. Dec. 10, 1858. 

(3). Elmer Clark, b. May 20, 1861. 

(4). Harry Powers, b. Aug. 3, 1865. 

(5). Mary Plliza, b. Jan. 20, 1870: d. June 28, 1877. 

3. Frank, engaged in shoe trade in Whitman, Mass.; was colonel of 

a regiment in the Union army iu the Rebellion. 
VII. Simeon, sou of Levi, Sr., m. Susan Thompson. Ch.: 

1. Lucius, b. Jan. 3, 1815; engaged iu manufacture of machinery for 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 323 

paper making, iu Holyoke, Mass., and made valuable inventions. 
He m. 1st, Esther Emery. Ch. : 
(1). Etta, m. Charles II. Richards; res. In Holyoke. 
He m. 2d, Achsa Christy. !She d. in 1892. I^ucius d. in Ilolyoke, 
July 31, 1889. 

2. Abigail, b. July 1, 1817; m. Joshua G. Gowiog. They were both 

murdered in their house iu Weathersfleld, by one Hiram Miller, 
who was executeii at Windsor for the crime, July 25, 1865. 

3. Clarissa, b. May 28, 1819; unm. ; res. in Springfleld. 

4. Rachel, b. Jan. 12, 1824; m. Amasa Howe. 

5. Susan T., b. Dec. 26, 1826; m. Oriah Watkins. 
VIII. Lewis, son of Levi, Sr., m. Betsey Davis. Ch. : 

1. Lewis D., a noted physician and professor in a medical college 

in Philadelphia. 

2. Elliot, d. on his way to California. 

3. Jaue. 

4. Maria, m. — Greene. 

IX. Elias, son of Levi, Sr., m. . Ch. : 

1 . Marshall, a machinist and brickmaker. Made the brick for the 
schoolhouse and library building in Springfleld in 1894. 
X. William Harlow, son of Levi, Sr., and Silence (Cobb) Harlow ; had two 
wives. He m. Ist, Margaret Campbell. Ch. : 

1. Hiram, was b. in Rockingham, Vt., Oct. 16, 1810. His early busi- 

ness life was spent iu Springfield, where he entered considerably 
into public matters. He represented the town in the State Legis- 
lature in 1843, 1844 and 1845. At the session in the latter year he 
was elected superintendent of the Vermont State Prison, which 
office he held for eighteen j'ears. Soon after his first election he 
moved to Windsor, where he resided till his death, July 26. 
1886. 

Under his administration all the afiairs of the prison were sys- 
tematized, and thenceforth conducted with that vigor, efficiency 
and integrity which characterized all his business transactions. 

Col. Harlow was widely and favorably known in business and 
political circles, and was repeatedly called to positions of trust 
and honor, not only by his townsmen, but by his county and 
State. He was representative from Windsor in 1849, 1850 and 
1851, and again in 1859. He was elected to the State Senate in 1866, 
and declined a nomination in 1867. In 1884 he was chosen one of 
the electors at large in the presidential canvass. He was 
president of the Ascutney National Bank, and later of the Wind- 
sor National Bank, which office he held at the time of his death. 

March 23, 1836, he m. Rachel S. Abbott, youngest daughter 
of Jeremiah and Sarah (Farrar) Abbott of Springfield. 

2. Permelia, b. Sept. 17, 1812; m. 1st, Urban Britton; m.2d, Jotham 

Brit ton. 

3. John, b. Nov. 18, 1814: m. Eleanor Burnap; two children. 

4. George B., b. ; m. Sophia Cutler. 

William Harlow, m. 2d, Amelia Fling. Ch. : 



324 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 





5. 


Lucia. 




6. 


Alvard. 




7. 


Horace. 




H. 


Frank. 




0. 


Susan. 




10. 


Henrv. 

• 




11. 


Mav. 

* 




12. 


Ellen. 


XI. 


Hop€ 


'Still. 


xn. 


Lucy 


• 


Mil. 


l.eunani. 



James Haktnes:<, jiou of John Williams and Ursilla (Juokson) Haitness^ 
was b. in Schoneota<ly, X. Y., Sept. 3, 1861. At the age of sixteen years he 
be^an work at the machinist trade in Cleveland, Ohio. During his appren- 
ticeship he worke<l three years in the shops of the Union Steel Screw Co., and 
afterwards in an engine-building shop and in a nut and bolt factory. By his 
experience in the latter shop he was fitted for a position which opened to him 
as foreman in a new nut and bolt manufactory at Winsted, Conn., in August 
1882. llie organizers of this company engageil him on recommendation, with- 
out seeing him. and were greatly disiippointed on his arrival to meet a yonn^ 
man of only twenty-one years, this age l>eing in their opinion much too youn^ 
for a su|>erintendeut. But >[r. Ilartness tilled the jMsition successfully, and 
remained with the company until Xovember, 1884, when he was engaged by the 
Union Hanlware Co. of Torrington, Conn., as tool-maker; afterwards he be- 
came foreman, an<l finally draughtsman. In December he entered the employ 
of Eaton, Cole i^ Burnham as designer of si>ecial machinery for the manofae- 
ture of bni>is goods, valves, etc.. and remaineilin this position until February, 
1889, when he was called to the superintemiency of the Jones & Lamson Machine 
Co., in Spriiigtield. He was chosen manager in 1895. 

He has always b«*en ot an inventive turn of mind, and during the early 
years of his life in machine shop< si»eut most of his evenings in work, study 
or draughting, autl has made ami patentetl many gooil-selling inventions. He 
has taken out to this date ( 1S95) twenty-five patents. (See Inventions.) 

In November, 1891. he becani** a member of the American Society of Me- 
chanical Engineers. 

For the last three years Mr. Ilartness has travelled through the manufac- 
turing States, introducing and selling machines of his own invention. About 
half his time is so employed. 

He m. May 3, 1885, Lena .Sanford Fond, daughter <»f Frederick Luther and 
Anna Cordelia Pond of Winsted, Conn., b. Aug. 28, 1865. Ch. : 
I. Anna Jackson, b. at Torrington, Conn.. Jan. 7, 1889. 
11. Helen Edith, b. in Springfield, May 19, 1890. 

Gii»KON Haskell, b. in Norwich, ( «>nn..Xov. 10, 1766, was the son of Sarah 
Haskell, a widow who came from Norwich on horseback with her live sous 
early in theliistory of the town, llie sons settled near together in this town 
and UVathersfield. Gideon locateil in the northeast corner of the town on a part 
of the original ** Gov. Wentworth Right," part of the farm being in Weathers- 




^,.^^-^»^— — ^^NP .^-rt.t_lty 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 325 

field. His grandson, W. H. Haskell, and his great-grandson, W. H. Haskell, 
Jr., now own the farm. Gideon m. Mehitable Barnard. He d. Feb. 25, 1842. 
€h.: 

I. Minerva, m. Jonathan Whltcomb of Claremont, N. H. 
U. Fanny, m. Nathaniel Warren of Weatherstield. 

III. Emily, m. Dr. Josiah Kiehards of Claremont, N. H. 

IV. William, b. Jan. 30, 1803; m. Ist, Sarah Hall. Oh. : 

% 1. Emily, m. Dea. Warren J. Tolles of Weathersfield. Two children. 
He m. 2d, Orinda Shedd, daughter of Dea. Ebenezer Shedd. Ch. : 

2. Charles H., d. in infancy. 

3. William Henry, b. Aug. 19, 1834. In early life a teacher and 

superintendent of schools; m. Cornelia A. Chase of Springfield ; 
res. on homestead. Ch. : 
(1). William Henry, Jr., b. July 11, 1862; m. Aug. 20, 1890, 

Minnie L. Cobb of Windsor. 
(2). Mary C, b. Sept. 22, 1865; m. March 18, 1890, George W. 
Bates of Springfield. 

4. ('harles W., m. Ellen Ordway of Chester. He enlisted May 27, 

1862, in Company D, 9th Vermont Volunteers, and served three 
years. Was appointe<l 1st Serg't at organization of company, 
promoted to 2d Lieut. Nov. 17, 1862, and to 1st Lieut. May 25, 
1863. 

5. Eben S., m. Sarah K. Nichols of Weathersfield; res. in Lebanon, 

N. II. ; was a meml)er of Company I), 0th Vermont Volunteers. 
William Haskell d. April 21, 1886. 
V. Franklin, m. Almira Chase; res. in Springfield, and later moved to 
Lawrence, Kansas. Ch. : 

1. John. 3. Elizabeth. 

2. Charles. 4. Dudley C. 

Dudley C. was b. in Springfield, March 23, 1842. He was educated 
at Williston Seminary at Easthampton, Mass., and at Yale Col- 
lege, taking a si)ecial course at t]m latter and receiving a degn^e. 
He was elected to the State Legislature of Kansas in 1872, and in 
1877 was elected a representative from that State in the 45th Con- 
gress of the United States, and served continuously until his death, 
Dec. 16, 1883. 

Elaborate memorial addresses were delivered in the two Houses of 
Congress by Kepresentatives Ryan, Handback and Perkins of 
Kansas, Kelley of Pennsylvania, Tucker of Virginia, Keifer and 
McKinley of Ohio, Rice and Russell of Massachusetts, Burns of 
Missouri, Browne of Indiana, Belford of Ohio and Pettibone of 
Tennessee; and by Senators Plumb, Ingalls, Dawes, Cockrell 
and Morrill. 

Mr. Ryan said, '' For the legislative arena he was splendidly 
equipped." 

Mr. Kelley said, '' Mr. Haskell, with his herculean frame, his deep 
voice, and bis sometimes sternly Puritan visage, was a genial 
companion, and in all the honorable strifes of public life a gen- 



HISTORY OF THE TOWX 



. . The digeus!>ii>u ol the problems ot DBtional 
a paselOD with him." 
Mr. Keifcr said, " The »am of hU work ta bie sis j-ears of Con- 
gressional life U K^ot- '>D<1 'i point ot material nsefulnesB to bi» 
pniintry ei|uaU tlie Wstl of his oolleagueg or predecessors. . . . 
lie was master of the suhjecta l>efore thetCommitt«e of Ways and 
Meaos. None en-elled him." 
Major UcKioley said, " I lini'w Dudler C. Haslfeil well atid iotK 
mately. We euterefl Congress toother seven ytaif aj^o, and earlj 
in our senioo herf Ix^aime friends. This friendship became 
wanner, cloBer and more 
couHdlnf: to the day of his 
death. Dnrlox the last Con- 
gress it was mr fortune to 
he a feliow-meml)er of the 
Esnie committee, and almost 
dully for months we sat side 
liy side in the same com- 
mittee room. It was there 
1 came to learn his Tirtnes 
,iDd appreciate his hif;h 
qualities of head and heart. 
He wag a valued friend, ua- 
seifisli and .nlnays manlj-. 
anil a steady ally in enm- 
mittee or im the floor of the 
lIou»e. He was s man »l 
pure thonghl and lofty pur- 
poses, lieeu ]>ereeption anil 
clear judgment, whose life 
wai" helpful to all who came 
within the circle of his in- 
fluence, nnd whose strong 
indtvidu»lily i mpre ss ed 
itself u|)OU the affairs in 
which he took part. He was 
a man of integrity. There 
were uo dark comers in his 
i-hanicter to tie hid from 
sight : Ills life was an open 
r defect. ... He loved 
: fomi. He had convictions 
ige to utter them. He was a 




. i>f r;ii'i' \niitli. niihuiit lilur 
ty. anil liiiiiil uppressioii in evi' 
. and he never hcked Ihe eoiiriige I 
of stem will and unremitting indust 
a studeut, Iiut he wa' ;i scholar. Hi 
Diastered the suliject in haud. . . 
tor. with a voice wliicli cmild iienetral 



Hew 









stopped until he 

He was a strong 

y part of this hail: 



nUitig presence and a wel|.«tored 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 327 

mind, he stood in the front rank of the ablest and best of his 
fellow-members. . . . Death claimed him at the very threshold 
of a ^reat career/' 

Senator Dawes said, " The committee work which fell to my 
lot here brought me into frequent and intimate consultation and 
co-operation with him. I soon came to value his counsels and 
rely upon hi« judgment. ... 1 mourn to-day the death of 
a friend I could not spare, of a colaborer who cannot be re- 
placed, and I feel that those who need help, of whatever race, and 
however bound or cast off, have lost a strong arm, ever stretched 
forth to succor; a clear intellect, ever alert, well balanced and 
directed to the wisest methods; and a heart as big as his native 
hills, ever responsive to the appeals of the lowly. . . . 

'' The whole biography of this man is written in the single word 
jiiJelity. , . . He discharged to the uttermost every duty 
public or private, and faithful to the end he died at his post." 

Senator Morrill said, '' No one familiar with the voluminous record 
of the recent tariff debate, with the ever inhering difticulties and 
complicated problems of the subject, will hesitate to admit, 
whether agreeing to the principles he promulgated or not, that 
it has fallen to the lot of few men to approach more nearly at 
one session of Congress to the general mastery of the subject 
than was done by this laborious representative from Kansas.'' 

Eli IIaskins, b. in Bolton, Conn., in 1771, came to this town in 1792, and 
settled on the farm lately owned by his son Colman, deceased. He was a 
shoemaker, and for many years had a tannery on the brook on this farm. 
This tannery was first started by Capt. Abner Bisbee and a man named 
Giles. Mr. Haskins m. Submit Sanders. He d. in 1805, aged 94. She d. 
May 11, 1859. Ch. : 

I. Submit, b. Oct. 25, 1796; m. Enos Bemis. Both deceased. 
II. Betsey, b. April 12, 1797; d. July 20, 1799. 

III. Lucia, b. July 16, 1800; m. David Dickinson; res. in Weathersfield. 

IV. Abigail, b. March 4, 1803; m. Benjamin Walker. 
V. Eli, b. Sept. 13, 1805. 

VI. Mary Hyde, b. Oct. 26, 1808; m. Asahel Smith; res. in Iowa. 
VII. Calvin Joslin, b. Sept. 9, 1811 ; m. Harriet Hall, who d. Jan. 7, 1893. 
He d. Dec. 26, 1893. Ch. : 

1. David IL, b. ; m. Aug. 24, 1879, Mina L. Hubbard. Ch. : 

(1). Mary Ella, b. Jan. 30, 1882. 
VIII. William Sanders, b. Dec. 27, 1813; d. Oct. 31, 1887; unm. 
IX. Colman Adams, b. Dec. 8, 1815; d. July 5, 1892; unm. 
X. Electa Warren, b. Feb. 4, 1818; unm.; res. in Springfield. 
XI. John Stevens, b. July 15, 1820; res. in Chicago, 111. 

HAWKINS FAMILY. 

The first of the family in Vermont was William A., who went from Wilton, 
N. H., to Beading at an early date in the history of that town. He served in 



328 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

the Revolutionary War, and named his four sons after the genermls under 
whom he served in the war. Two of these sons, John Sullivan and William 
Lewis, settled in Reading, the other two in Springfield. 

Capt. George Washington Hawkins, son of William A., was a carpenter 

and builder. Both he and his brother Horatio were natural mechanics, and 

could do anything that required mechanical skill. He m. Hannah Maniur. 

Ch.: 

1. Charles, m. Caroline Smith. He d. in Chester. Ch. : 

1. Hannah, m. Henry Burr; res. in Springfield. 

2. Fanny, ra. Burton A. Barnanl of St. Ix>uis, Mo. 
II. George, m. Marcia Hammond. 

III. Amanda, m. Mills Duncan, merchant. 

IV. Laura, unm., now (1894) living in Springfield at the age of 84. 
V. Abigail, m. John C. Bundy, merchant. 

VL Hanson, m. Harriet Forbush of Reading; res. in California. 
VIL Horace E., cabinet maker and furniture dealer, carried on tlie 
business many years in this town. He built the house on Seminary 
Hill owned by the late Harrison Spafibrd. He m. Louisa Bugbee. 
VIII. Henry, drowned under the Falls Bridge at the age of 19. 
IX. Hannah, m. 1st, William Brown. After his death she m. 2d, Rev. 
George W. Bailey ; res. in Springfield. 

Deacon Horatio Gates Hawkins, brother of Capt. George, lived in 
Springfield many years. He was a manufacturer, and made among other 
things carding machines. He was a deacon of the Congregational church, 
appointed in lvS32. He in. 1st. Mary Bates, daughter of Josiah Bates. Ch. : 
1. Mary, ni. George Barnani. (See Barnard family.) 

n. Horatio, m. Abbie Gale, daughter of Mrs. Mohitable (Ladd) <Tale, 
who ni. Hev. l>«'xter Bates. 

III. Christina. 

IV. Persis, m. — ruderhill. 
V. Martha, in. Oscar Brown. 

VI. David, went west. 

Drncon Hawkins m. 2d, Louisa f Bates) (Rogers) Burgess, a sister of his 

first wife, who in. 1st, — Rogers; ni. 2d, Osnian Burgess, and 3d, 

Deacon Hawkins. 

Cvurs IlAYwoMiKson of David and Abigail (Bixby ) Haywood, wash, in Asli- 

burnbam. Mass., in 178H, and moved to Weathersfield, Vt., with his father in 

1788. He -ettl<Ml in Springfield in 1817 or 1818; m. Phebe Richardson. Cli. : 

I. Sarah, b. March 4. 181G; in. Bingham Piper. She d. in January, 1853. 

11. Henry David, b. Nov. 28, 1818; m. Marv Ann French; d. Dec. 13, 

1878. Cb.: 

1. rharles K., b. March 13, ls42; ni. Barbara Howe: d. March 18» 

1871. 

2. Harriet Ann. b. Feb. 3, 1844 : in. Ed. R. Canipl)ell; she d. . 

3. Mary E., b. Jan. 13, 184^;; in. Henry Stevens; res. in Springfield. 

4. Abbie Maria, il. at the age of 3 years. 

5. Abbie Maria, b. Jan. 3. lvS53; in. Ed. R. Campbell. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. S29 

III. George P., b. Dec. 5, 1820. For a number of years lived on a farm in 

Springfield. Afterwards engaged in stove and" ha i*d ware business 
with his brother, James Haywood, and later with Wm. H. Cobb 
in general mercliandise, under the firm name of Cobb & Haywood. 
He was successful in business, and was honored by his townsmen 
with many positions of trust ; was selectman several years, one of 
the directors of the First National Bank, and trustee an<l vice- 
president of the Springfield Savings Bank. He was deacon of 
the CoDgregational church from 1864 until his removal from town 
in 1888. He m. Jan. 3, 1843, Martha Jane Nourse, who died July 
19, 1875, aged 51, leaving one son : 
1. George W., b. December, 1846. He graduated at Dartmouth 
in the class of 1869, studied law, and practised some years in 
Davenport, [owa ; m. Hattie Stoats of Albany, N. Y. ; he d. in 
Morehead, Minn., May 3, 1882, leaving a widow and one 
daughter. 
George P. Haywood m. 2d, in 1876, Augusta (Goodricb) Derby of 
Springfield. They now reside in Cliftondale, Mass. 

IV. Samuel, b. April 16, 1823; was for some years in the meat business 

in Springfield village; m. Mary J. Mack; d. in Springfield, March 
25, 1860, leaving a wife aud on(; son : 
1. Wallace Haywood, who lives in Boston. 
V. James, b. Sept. 27, 1827: was for a time in the hardware tnide in 
Springfield; removed to Keene, N. H.; m. Julia Taylor, daughter 
of Luke Taylor of Springfield. Three children : 

1. Walter. 

2. Hattie. 

3. Delia. 

VI. Mary S., b. December, 1829; m. Warren Thompson of Cavendish; 
d. May 2, 1881. Two ch. : 
1. CbarlesH. 2. Edward C. 

Lorenzo D. Haywood, son of Paul and Lucy (Martin) Haywood, was b. 
nt Springfield, Jan. 1, 1821 ; in. 1st, Martha Keith; she d. Feb. 5, 1881 ; m. 2d, 
Almira E. Ilolton. Ch.: 
I. Flora E. 

Dk. Daniel \V. Hazelton, son of Daniel and Mary (Walker) Ilazelton, 
was b. in Hebron, \. IL, May 11, 1824, being the eightli child in a family of 
nine children. He had an academical course of study in his native town, and 
commenced the stud,v of nn;dicim» with Prof, (jlilnian Kimball, M. D., of 
Lowell, Mass. He graduated from the Vermont Medical College at Wood- 
stock, Vt., in 1848. The following year he was appointed house physician of 
one of the citv institutions of Boston, then located at South Boston, now on 
Deer Island. He first started in his oJiosen profession at Antrim, N. H., in 
1850, and remained there three years, when he was obliged to relinfiuish his 
practice for one year, owing to ill health. In 1855 he located at Stoddard, 
X. H., where he practised till the spring of 1871, when he remov(;d to Caven- 
dish, Vt. He remained at the latter i)l:ice until 1S79, when he removed to 
Springfield, where he is now located. 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 




J:^/:^a^..,f^^^ ^. ^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. :J31 

In the fall of 1861, the flrst year of the late war, Dr. Ilazelton was one of the 
four surgeons commissioned by (loveruor Ilolbrook of Vermont as a surgical 
reserve force to be call<»d to the assistance of the Vermont surgical staff in 
the field whenever emergency required. He was accordingly ordered to the 
front from time to time during the war to jK*t as surgeon in some of the 
most notable engagements of the war. 

While at Cavendish he represented the town in the Legislature in 1870. He 
is a member of the Vermont State Medical Society and of the Connecticut 
River Valley Medical Association. 

Dr. Hazelton m. Laurette Hammond, eldest daughter of John C. and 
Nancy (Ladd) Hammond of Hebron, N. H., Nov. 5, 1850. She d. at Spriog- 
fi(»ld, Sept. 15, 1892. Dr. and Mrs. Hazelton had two children, the elder, 
1. Frank Henry, d. when a youth, at Cavendish, Vt. The younger, 
11. William French, was born at Cavendish, Jan. 5, 1860. He fitted for 
college at Vermont Academy, Saxton's River, and afterwards 
studied medicine at the Universitv of Vermont and in the medical 
department of Columbia College, in New York City, otherwise 
known as the College of Physicians and Surgeons. From the lat- 
ter institution he was graduated in 1884 with a class of one hun- 
dred and fifty. At his graduation he received from Columbia Col- 
lege an appointment to the house staft' of Bellevue Hospital, being 
one of the four which are made annually and are given to the gradu- 
ates ranking highest in their examinations for the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. He served in this hospital eighteen months. He m. 
Deo. 20, 1892, Grace Atherton, second daughter of Capt. Henry B. 
and Abbie (Armington) Atherton, of Nashua, N. H., and is now 
associated with his father in the practice of his profession in 
Springfield. 

Henry Heald, son of Simeon and Betsey (Burnap) Heald, was b. Nov. 26, 
1808; m. 1st, Prudence A. Smith. She d. July 28, 1866. He m. 2d, Eliza 
(Burton) Steadman, daughter of Leonard and Rebecca (Hazelton') Burton, b. 
in Andover, April 29, 1832. Ch. : 

L Sarah Jennie, b. at AVest Granville, Vt., Nov. 7, 1870; graduated from 
the University of Vermont in 1894. 

Geokge O. Henkv, son of Samuel and Sarah (Cooley) Henry, was b. at 
Charlestown, N. H., July 17, 1820, and caniQ to Springfield in 1867. He pur- 
chased the Springfield House and kept hotel there seventeen years on strictly 
temi)erance principles. He was chosen one of the first commissioners of the 
i ampbell fund, and serve<l in that capacity nine years, llirough his eftbrts, 
largely, the income of this fund has been used to aid those in needy circum- 
stances so they may not become town charges, instead of being used to 
support the paupers and thus reduce the taxes of tlw* town. Tliis income has 
also been distributed in such a way that the beneficiaries have not been gen- 
erally known to the public, thus avoiding any feelings of sensitiveness on the 
part of those receiving such help. Mr. Henry was for six years overseer of the 
I)oor; county commis«»ioner two years; justice of the peace twenty-two years. 



HISTORY OF THE TOWS 




GEDRQE O. HENRV. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 335 

and for several years acteil as trial justice. In 18()9 he built, in company 
with Smith K. Kandel, what is now the Leland Block. He has always been 
a public-spirited and useful citizen. He was deacon of the Congregational 
church. He m. Sept. 12, 1850, Frances A. Howard, daughter of John and 
Xancy C. Howard of Lunenburg, Mass. Ch. : 

1. James Howard, b. March 4, 1852 ; d. at age of three years. 

II. Frederick A., b. ; d. at the age of four years. 

in. George A., b. Sept. 22, 1854. Since 1888 has been superintendent of 
Bradstreet's Mercantile Agency at Minneapolis, Minn. He m. Ist, 
Inez Wallace of Fitchburg, Mass. She died May 26, 1883. M. 2d, 

Sept. 19, 1890, Lillian , 

IV. Frances H., b. at Woodstock, June 30, 1865; m. Oct. 28, 1893, Oscar 
Swanson of Providence, R. I., one of the joint proprietors of 
Providence Public Market. 

V IN' CENT R. Henry, son of Foster and Theodoeia (C-heney) Henry, was 
b. at Weathersfield, Feb. 22, 1819; d. in Springfield, July, 1895. He was 
formerly in trade at Perkinsville, Vt., and for some years postmaster there. 
He m. April 5, 1842, Charlotte B. Forbush, daughter of Nathan and Betsey 
(Andross) Forbush. Ch. : 

I. Mary Ellen, b. April 28, 1843; m. Charles I). Brink. She died. 
II. Harriet Abby, b. May, 1848; m. Henry Bryant. 
HI. Alice O., b. May 6, 1851 ; m. Charles H. Perry. One son : 
1. Karl. 

HERRICK FAMILY. 

Samuel Hekrick was one of the early settlers of Springfield ; he came from 
Chelmsford and settled in Hardscrabble. He was a carpenter, and one of the 
first who moved buildings on rollers. He m. Mary Spaulding. She d. April 
30,1841. Ch.: 

I. Benjamin A., b. Jan. 2, 1796; m. Maria Jones of Sudbury, Mass. 
Ch. : 

1. George, b. Sept. 21, 1826; d. April 11, 1831. 

2. Elijah Jones, b. Nov. 3, 1828: m. Elizabeth Howe, daughter of 

Isaac and Eliza (Tarbell) Howe. Ch. : 
(1). George, b. April 1, 1852. 
(2). Lizzie A., b. June 8, 1861 ; d. in infancy. 

3. Ann Maria, d. in infancy. 

4. Louisa, b. .June 28, 1833. 

5. Susan, h. Sept. 28, 1835. 

6. M<;hital)el, d. in infancy. 

7. Mary, b. July 31, 1841. 

II. Samuel, b. Aug. 23, 1798; m. Louisa Griswold. Ch. : 

1. Gardner, b. Sept. 27, 1825. 

2. (ieorge, b. Scjit. 18, 1831 ; m. Sarah II. Staples, daughter of Levi 

and Angeline (Earle) Staples, b. in Plymouth, Vt., May 12, 
1836. Vh, : 
(1). George IL, b. Oct. 7, 1859, in Reading, Vt.: m. .Ian. 1. 
1884, Anna Daley. 



334 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

(2). I^vi S., b. Feb. 6, 1863, iu Reading; d. Jan. 20, 1865. 

(3). Wilbur H., b. iu Reading, Dec. 1, 1866; m. Helen F. Hig- 

gins, daughter of William H. II. and Adeline (Hatch) 

Higgins. 
(4). Eland E., b. Feb. IC, 1868: d. Sept. 11, 1882. 
(5). Julia E., b. iu Springtleld, May 10, 1874. 
3. KUeu, b. Oct. 16, 1838: in. Ezra Robinson; res. in Rutland. 

III. Hiuiuah, b. July 2, 1800: ni. Horace AUbe, Methodist clergyman. 

IV. Gardner, b. March 24, 1803 : m. Lucy Wooley of Grafton. Ch. : 

1. Charles G., b. Aug. 2, 1836; member of Company K, 16th Reg't 

Vermout Volunteers; ni. l^stina L. Lockwootl. She d. May 10, 

1888. Ch. : 
(1 ). Elvin C b. Nov. 30, 1866: m. Oct. 23, 1889, Minnie Moody 

of Cbarlestown, \. II. 
Charles G. ui. 2d, Frances O. (Cusliman) Russell. Ch. : 
(2). Leon Ganlner, 1). Sept. f», 18J>3. 

2. (iiles T., b. Nov. IU, 1837 : d. May 22, 1843. 

3. Lucy Ann, b. Aug. 4, 1839: d. July 5, 1843. 

4. Abbie Sophia, b. Sept. 23, 1841 ; d. July 8, 1843. 

^' *^^"^ ^l. iu iufanev. 

6. Lestiua > 

7. Lewis, b. Sept. 24, 1842, a manufacturer iu Xew Haven, Conn.: 

ni. Oct. 15, 1879, Abby L. Pierce, daughter of Edsou X. and 

Mary (Barrett) Pierce of Springfield. Ch. : 
(1). Herman, b. Feb. 14, 1883. 
(2;. I-oui.se, b. Jan. 27, 1885. 
(3). Edson Pierce, I). Aug. 30. 1888. 
(4). Loautba Helena, b. March 28, ISm. 

8. Loantlia, b. June 25. 1S44: m. Sept. 6, 1864, Edmund C. Burke. 

(Se«* Burke family.} 
V. Sini«H>n, b. May 15, 1S05; m. Rachel Damon, daughter of Ellas and 
Alngail :Thomi)3on) Damuu. CIk: 

1. Ann Maria, h. Sei>t. 28, \SM ; d. July 2, 1838. 

2. .lohu Stedinan, b. .Ian. 30, 1S30; m. Sarah A. AIHh?. He d. June 

2«5, 18S6. Ch. : 
1). Kvt^rett Allbe, b. March 31, 1865. 

3. IJu>s*ll Spaulding. b. Dec. 4. 1838; meml>er of Compjiny K, 

I6th IJfg't Vermont \'oluute«»r:i; carrief* on blacksmithing busi- 
ness iu S[)ringlield : m. Sept. 14, 1862, Celia Weston, daughter 
of Johiel and Almira ((ialt?) Weston, b. July 22, 1841. Ch. : 

(1 J. Marion < '., h. May 4. l?S6.i : d. Aug. 30, 1866. 

I 2). Mary K., b. Au;r. 3. 181)7 : m. Jan. 26, 1887, William A. Mer- 
rill. 

(3). John II.. 1). April H;, 1875. 

4. Albert Delos, b. June lO, 1S41, member of Company K, 16ih 

Keg t \'erniout Voluntet»r«: m. Sarah J. Spaulding, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Annie (Swift - Spaulding: res. in Chester. 



OF SPRINGPIEU), VT. 



VI. Ell/abech, b. July 5, 1808; m. Flint Polly of Acwortli, N. H. She 

d. March, 1830. 
VII. MiLrv, b. Feb. 4, 1810; in. Squire Greeue of Springneld. 
Viri. Elni'im, I). March, 1814 ; d. 1819. 

James Hewkv came lo SpringfteM from MassachuaettB, iu 1700, jiud set- 
tled ou the fai-m now owued by Isaac EIIU; aftcruai'dij moved to the fami 
lately uwuc<l by his grnudxon, Johu H., whrre he il. in 1833, aged Al years. 
His wife n-uj Polly Brown. Ch.: 

I. Khoda (deceased), m. Josepii Perhara. 
II. Jeremiah, b. AprlL 16, 1797; m. Suaau G. Weaver; A. Oct. 6, 1878. 
Ch.: 

1. George Woahiugtou, b. Aug. 22, 1825; m. Jan. 3, 1856, Evaiine L. 

Stowt^U, daughter of Amasii urd Betsey (S]mulding) Stowell of 

Conilah, N. H. Ch. : 
(1). Fila M., d. iu iufnncy. 
(2). George F., h. May 2i, 1859. 
(3). lleary A., b. June 1, 1804; r 

2. Sarah, m. Charles Cady ; res. iu W 

3. Jeremlali I,., b, July 28, 1829 ; ii 

daughter of 

Michael A. atid 

Mary A. (Her- 

lick) Weston of 

I!eadlug. Ch. : 
(1). Klla M., b. 

Feb. 9, 1879. 
(2). Harold I., h. 

.lune 3, 1880. 



I. Feb. 5, 1884, llattie E. Ploice. 

eat Windsor. 

. Aug. 10, 1877, Sarah Weslon, 



h<' located Iu 
Siiriiigtteld. \Vaii 
ou the board of 
selwjtmcu in 1892. 
4. William K., res. iu 

Ciilifornlu. 
fi. Susan (deceased), 
ui. BiiLuum A. 
liead. 

6. James ltenry,d.iit 

tlieiigi- of seven. 

7. Leonard E., b. 

Deo. 22, 1837; 
m. Oct. 8, 1857, 
Maria K. Dodgi', 




336 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

daughter of A8ahe1 und Caroline (BiDgham) Dodge. He was n 
member of Co. K, 16th Vermont Volunteers. Cli. : 
(1). Inza C, b. Feb. 16, 1861: m. Oct. 25, 1877. I^\i B.Fair- 
banks. 
(2). Inez A., b. Dec. 6. 1S65; m. A. J. Crockett of Boston. 
(3). Alice E., b. Sept. 20, 1873: m. Oorge Ely. 
(4). Wallace F., b. Jan. 22, 1879. 
(5). Guy A., b. March 9, 1882. 
S. John H., b. Dec. 25, 1841 ; m. Fel). 25, 1885, Elsie P. Stevens, 

daughter of Harrison I., and Eveline (Perry) Stevens. 
9. PIki'Ih? p., m. Morris Newton (drceastnl) : res. in Reading, 
in. James, m. Martha McCrae, who d. Sept. 16, 185-1. He d. July 1U 
1874. Ch.: 
1. David, b. Sept. 20, 1S38: memlHT of Co. K, 16th Vermont Voluu- 
te<»rs: m. May 3. 1SG6, Xancy J. (Winship) AIUh*, b. in Jamaica, 
Vt., Nov. S, 1837. Ch.: 
(1 ). Adiu ()., b. Feb. 2, 1867. 
(-1), Edwin J., b. Oct. .i, 1868. 

(3^. Mary E., b. April 9. 1872: m. Aug. 3, 1893, Will E. Keyes. 
(4^. (Gertrude L.. b. Oct. 25, 1874; m. Aug. 12, 1893, Timothy R. 
Farnsworth. 
IV. Abiel. d. in lVnu«ylvania. 
V. Phib'na (decrasi'd;, m. Joseph House. 
VI. Naucv (deceased), m. Noah Bailev. 

Wiij.iAM H. Hkkuns, sou of Mos«»s and Betsey rMitchell) Higgins, was 
b. ill Ilcurif'tta, Ohio. Nov. 28, 1840; a carpenter by tnule and has workeil 
in Spriiiirtit'ld since tlie war. IW m. F«'b. 2«». 18r»r». Adelia N. Hatch, daughter 
<»f William 1). and <'arorin<' A. : Jackman) Hardi. Ch. : 

I. (lareiict* K., b. in Kent. Ohio. Jun<* ^. 1867; m. Ausr, 6, 1889. Alice F. 
Slade. < h. : NfiJ. 
II. Iltdrn F.. b. Oct. S, ISCO; m. Mav 14. ISJM). Wilbur H. Hrrrick. 
\\l. William M.. b. July 21. lSi71 : d. April 21>. 1893. 
:V. L***lie A. b. April 3, 187:). 
V. <'laud<- L., U. Nov. 22. ls7s: d. Nov. 22. 1S93. 
VI. Fr.^d W., h. Ih'c. 30. 1SM>. 

Kkank I). Hill. «i(m ot ( alvln and IIarri<*t Mathews* Hill, wa:* b. in 
Slu'boygaiJ, Wis.. April '2. Is.*)!). lb' caun' to Spriii;rtiHld in 1872, and work»Mi 
twenty yt*ar< in tin- -spool and bnlibiii shop at <iould'«i Mills. Was foreman of 
thf shop tifterii vrar* n\ this tini«'. Now in tin* ♦'mi)loy of the Jones «& I^m- 
son Macbinr r<i, lb* m. < hlor 1*. Havens of I{«*tb«*l, Vt. 

<'iiAnLKs r>i:o:)KS IIOAi:i> was 1». in SpringtifM. June 28. 18')5. and was 
the young<'<* in a family of six >ons and on»' dau^chter. His father, Samuel 
Hoard, cam" to tbi«i town from NVestinin-Jter, Mass., before 1802, and his chil- 
dren wtTo christened bv Pastor Smil»*v in the ron;jrejrat ional church. S«m- 
U!*l Hoard was a survt*vor and a man of considt^rable importance. He soon 
n'turn«*d to Ma-'siebu^etts. and in 1S21 w«'nt to Antwerp. N. V., where he d. in 
18-17. Ih' m. Su-an Ib'ald, Oct. 7. Is2'^: was clerk in the land office of Georg«- 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 337 

Parish, ami afterward served au apprenticeship as a silversmith and watch- 
maker. While following this trade he conceived the idea which became one 
of the main purposes of his life, namely, the making of a portable stcjim 
engine, compact and simple, and withhi the reach of all, and applicable to all 
eases where moderate power was required. Finding a man of similar taste 
and a practical machinist in the person of Gilbert Bradford, then a foreman 
in Goulding's machine shop, they united their eftbrts, persevered in correcting 
each fault as it appeared, and in 1850 Mr. Hoard's idea became a practical 
working machine. 

One of its first uses was in running a printing press. This attracted the 
attention of Horace Greeley, and in a letter in the New York Trihunehe. called 
the attention of people in all parts of the country to the new power, which 
was soon in general use, and proved a fortune to all connected with it. 

After four years of successful business, Mr. Hoard bought out Bradford's 
interest for ^26,000, and associated his two sons, Norwood W. and Pitt, with 
him in the business, which increased rapidly, and in 1868 the firm employed 
one hundred and forty men. 

In 1856 he was elected to Congress from the 23d district of New York, 
the first Republican congressman from this district, and was re-elected in 
1858. In 1862 he took a contract from the United States government to man- 
ufacture fifty thousand stand of arms, having previously moved his shops to 
Watertown. 

By the time his business of manufacturing rifles was on a pajing basis, 
the war drew to a close, and he disposed of his business to the steam 
engine company, who still conduct a successful business at the old stand 
of Hoard & Sons, at Watertown, N. Y. In 1860 he moved to Ceredo, W. 
Va., where he owned a large town interest and farming lands. Here he 
became identified with the interests of the town, and remained till his 
death, Nov. 20, 1886. Ch. : 

I. Norwood W., d. September, 1857. 
II. Pitt. 

III. Samuel Floyd, now living in Ceredo, W. Va. 

David F. Hog an, son of Michael and Bridgett (McCarthy) Hogan, was 
b. in Springfield. He m. July 25, 1886, Nellie Long, b. at Brattleboro, 
Nov. 1, 1853. Ch.: 

I. Ella S., b. at Springfield, May 28, 1887. 

Reuben H. Holbkook, son of Aaron and Philena (Perry) Holbrook, 
was b. at Townshend, Vt., Jan. 7, 1840. He is a manufacturer and was a 
member of the Springfield Toy Mfg. Co. ; he m. Oct. 28, 1863, Marion G. 
Franklin, daughter of Eri and Melinda (Burnap) Franklin of Townshend. 
Ch.: 

I. Clarence II., d. in infancy. 

II. Clifford F., d. in infancy. 

Deacon Akba Holmax was b. in Royalston, Mass., July 22, 1804. He wag 
the son of Smith and Sally Ilolman, and was five years old when the family 
came to Springfield. He lived most of his life on the farm on the hill west 



33S HLSTORY OF THE TOWN 

of the village, now owned by U. G. Xourse. A man who waa respected by 
all who knew him. He was made deacon of the CongregatioDal eliurch in 
1832, which office he held some years. He m. Dec. 4, 1826, Hannah Clarke, 
daughter of Paul and Hannah Clarke of Springfield. Ch. : 

I. Gratia Ann, b. June 24, 1829: m. George Jones of AVeathersfieW. 
Ch. : 

1. Sylvester, now resides at Weathersfield Bow. 

2. Arba H. Holman, now engaged (1894) in the grocery business in 

Springfield. He m. Annie Sheldon, daughter of Geonre and 
Mary (Putnam) Sheldon of Weathersfield. Ch. : 
(1). koy S., b. Jan. 10. 1880. 
(2). Maude M., b. Dec. 13, 1886. 
11. Cyrus, b. Jan. 26, 1831 : m. Ellen Prouty of Chester. 
111. Eliza, b. Feb. 24, 1833: m. Henry P. Harlow of Springfield. She d. 

March 16, 1S89. (See Harlow family.) 
IV. Laura Jane, b. Dec. 30, 18:i5: m. Oct. 3, 1864, Samuel Moore of Wind- 
ham, V't. 

V. Mary, b. Feb. 13, 18:i8: d. 

VI. Harriet, b. June 16, 1840; m. Dec. 8, 1891, A. C. Webb of Windsor, 
Vt. 
VII. Charles O., b. March 30, 1847. 

Charles Butler Holmes, son of Rev. Henry B. and Harriet (Butler) 
Holmes, was b. in Springfield, March 18, 1840, his father being at tliat time 
pastor of the Congregational church here. Hi$ mother was a daughter of 
Judge Butler of Stuyvesaut, X. Y., and sister of Hon. Benjamin F. Butler of 
Albany, N. Y., who was Attorney-General of United States from 1831 to 18;i4, in 
the cabinet of President Andrew Jackson. His bovhood and school davs were 
si)ent in Massachusetts. He was an excellent mathematician, having studietl 
ei<jht vears at Andover under James S. Eaton, author of Eaton's Arithmetic. 
In 1856 his father became pastor of the First Congregational Church in Belvi- 
dere. 111., and Charles was engaged in surveying summers, and teaching 
school winters. In 1S57 he was with an engineer corps surveying a line of 
railroad through northern Michigan from Lake Superior to Wisconsin, then 
an unbroken forest. In 18.il\ attracted by the rich soil and abundant returns 
for the labor of the husbandman, he turned his attention to farming. In 1861 
he m. Eliza .1. Kobinson. of Cherry Valley, 111., and with his bride repaired to 
his prairie home in central Illinois, where he became a large stock grower. 

He had at one time six hundred head of cattle, which he herded on the 
prairie. Just as a terrible storm was coming on his assistant met with an 
accident which laid him up, and Mr. Holmes was left alone miles away from 
any human haliitation to cart' for tht* stock. Tlie storm proved one of re- 
markable length and violence. For six days the large hertl was driven wild 
with terror, and only preveut«'d bv the utmost exertion from stampeding 
and scattering in all directions. During the whole six days and nights 
he was constantly in the saddle, using three horses by turns and nearly 
killing all of them. It was a terrible task to confront one man, but Mr. 
Holmes was equal to th«* occasion, and, with the exception of an hour's sleep 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



33!» 



under the raia on the water-soaked prnlrln, accorded liy the aid of a )one 
traveller, he held the sis hundred crazed animals in check darfo^ the six days 
and nights. 

Owing to the failure of his wife's henlth, he moved to Chluajfo In 1S63, and 
at the age of 23 was in charge of the Union Line Transportation Co., wlilcli 
owned and oi)erateil three steamers and lltty caual boats engaged in supplylug 
the government with provisions and grain during the war. In 1873 he was 
called to the management of the Chicago City RallwHy Co., and for the past 
seven years has been president as well as superintendent. 

" Probably the most brilliant feature of his management of this great sys- 
tem, which he has built up to such mammoth proportions, wsa the construo- 
tton of the cable lluex, at a cost ot several million dollars. The conlldence of 
the stockholders of the conipany could not be better evidence<l than liy the 
readiness with which they put up the millions of dollars to pnt in operation 
what was ttien an almost untried system. 

" Mr. Holmes is tinlay without question the great street railway king ot 
America. He controls more lines ot street railway than any other man in the 
world, and tliere are many wiio hold that he controls them lietter than any- 
body else could or would. He is president of the Chicago Railway Company, 
with its 135 miles of lines, its 2,(KK) lioi-ses and J.oOO horse power of cables and 
its 1,000 cars. He is at the 
head of a syndicate which 
owns forty- two miles of 
street railway in St. f^uis, 
thirteen miles of wlilch are 
cable, the whole valued i 
83,500,000, at the head of 
another syndicate which has 
invested 8800,000 In Los An- 
geles, Cal., cable lilies, and 
is also the head man In 
another syndicate which 



sthe s 



"He s 



> be a 



■sof 



the 



root Ot success In his deal- 
ings with the public. He 
gives them the best service 
possible and at the lowest 
price. A ride of twelve 
miles can lie had on his 
South Side lines for 5 cents, 
which Is eonsideiably the 
cheapest transportation in 
the world. 

"Some time after hi^ 
settlement In Chicago Mr. 
Holmes*8 wife died after a 




JOHN HOLMES. 



340 



HISTORY OF THE TOWX 



louK Btni^gle wlili sIi'kDe^d which ivfuNMl ro yield to the 8ki)l of the ablen 
physifiansi. 'Hiis vnf io 1S80, liikI Mr. Holiiie.i wns leFt with three bore, tbe 
youD^st or whom, n tad of dIdc yeiirs, diod ii yesr later. la 18S3 Hr- Hohnet 
w»i> mairieil to Miss Kate linworih, u )ai1t of gi^at refiaement and mott esti- 
mahle diitpnsitlou. Their home. »u Prairie Avenue, in the abode ot love and 
mutual lielpfulDPSi'. 

■■ Mr. Ilolmeii's pre.it rrereation, and it i% pecnliar to the msu, and Bfao<r» 
hi-i love for :i$ well m his ability to ni»nHK<' fcreat undertakings, is the largeit 
Sunday school in the worM. Tliis coni^ints of 3.000 chlldreu gathered from the 
torcigii-liorn population iu the Northern division of the elty where for tbe 
[Mist ten years Mr. Holuieshrts acted iis teaeher to a class of 3.000 boys and ;|^ls. 
This Sutuhiy school he calls Ills playground. 

" Mr. Holmes is not yet 50 years of age nud looks even younger than be is. 
tVliat lie may a(Votn|>lish in the years that may )>e spnred hiui if proportioued 
to what he has already doue. will make him a man of national, if not world- 
widi- reputation." 



Joi 



; Hdi. 



of Nat hat 
.. X. IE.. May s, Ks(V>. 
iihhNlx'Oihi'i* SatiiiK 




JOHN C. HOLMES. 



ilelami (iiiliariue (Allison) Holmes, was b. in 
He came to Siirhi);lleld in 1S23. and berame 
I aixl EiKis in matmfacluring. (See John C. 
Holme* A Co.l Ue m. Isi. 
i llepsey Cntter, dauf^ter of 
I John and AblgaU (Demarv) 
: (utter. Ch.: 
I. .TohnC. 
II. Emeline Duncan, d. at 
the age of 21. 

III. Abigail I>eninry. d. at 
the age of IS. 

Ill' u). :><!, Emeline Wood- 
bury. C\i. : 

IV. Nathaniel (utter, b. 
.Ian.26,1857. Stadied 
lawandwasadmitted 
toi he bar in St . I»ais. 
Mo. ; afterward prac- 
tised in Ganlner, 
Ma^B. He d. iu 
.latTrey, X, H,, June 
■14, 1SS7. 

He m. 3<1. i^ybtl Gates. One 
child, d. in infancy. 
■lonN C. Holmes, son of 
■Inlm and Hepsey (Cutter) 
Holmes, was b, at Spring- 
Held. April 2. 1827. He en- 
lUtedin the army and serred 
as 2d lieutenant of Co. E, 



OF SPRIXGPIELD, VT. 341 

First Vermont Cavnlry, From 1863 to 1874 he was employed iu the Post OIHee 
Depertment atWushlugtou, D.C., and dui'lQg [he last years of the war rendered 
ctticienC aid aod comfort to muDy ot the \'ermoiit soldiers iu hospitals Id aad 
around WashiugtOD. He afterwards engaged iti mnuutaciurlDg in Spring- 
field (see JohD C. Holmes & Co.), nhere he d. July 2(1, 18&4. 

He m. l8t, 3larcla KlitilMill, daughter ol Geoige and Abigail (Blsbee) 
Kimball. C^.: 

r. otto Kiml>all, d. at the age ot years. 
He m. 2d, Rebecca SalTord, daughter ot Xoah mid Xauty (Tower) Satloril, 
Ch.: 

H. Henry Blgelow, h. hi n'aahlugton, D. C, May 12, 186S. He Is seere- 
tary and treasurer of the Johu C Holmes Manufacturing Co. aud of 
the Springfield Electric Light t'o., and president ot the Springfield 
Village Corporation. He m. June 4, 1890, Evelyn M. Quimby, 
daughter ot Curtis and Martha (Gallagher) Ijuimby of Lyudon, Vt. 

LkrOY M. Holmks, son of Asa aud Lucy (I'rentiss) Holmes, was h, iit 
Greenwich, N. V., Marcli ify, 1847. He is superintendent and mnuHKer of the 
Springfield Creamery : m. July la, 1870. Amelia A. Cutler, daughter ot Enos 
B. and Adaline (Whitney) Cmlcr, b. nt Spriu-;Ileld. Dec. :(, 1847. 

Charlks Holt, son ot 
Asa and Elisabeth (Wood- 
ward) Holt, and grandson 
of Asa and Margaret Holt, 
was h. in Sprlngfleltl, Dec. 
1-2, 1803, iu a house loug 
since gone, that stood on 
the Samuel Taylor fiirni, 
now owned by Simeon E. 
Latham, aud spent the 
whole of his life of So years, 
except a few months. In 
this town. He li. Sept. 11. 
H63. When a young man 
he learned the carpenter's 
trade, and worke<l at ll 
more or less during his lite. 
For many years he liv^d on 
Parker Hill, but tu 1835 he. 
with others. Iiought the Enos 
Brown farm on Seminary 
Hill, and it was divided Into 
building lots, Mr. Holt build- 
ing some twelve houses him- I 
self, and selling the lots to 
others. He was a hnr<i- 
worktug man, never known 
tobeldle;hada reiiiarkiibl,. 






HISTtiHY UK THE TOWS 




OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 343 

foresight, and by diligeuee and ecouomy he accumulated a handsome com- 
petency. 

He joined the Harrison and Morton Club of Veterans of 1840, and was an en- 
thusiastic worker with them in the presidential campaign of 1S88. 

He m. Jan. 7, 1830, Betsey Parker, daughter of T^eonard and Abigail Parker, 
who d. Feb. 24, 1862. His second wife was Mrs. Sarah Ann Morris of Chester. 
She d. in 1887. 

There were two children by tlie first marriage : 
I. Ellen H., b. Oct. 30, 1831 ; m. Dec. 2.5, 1888, Ezekiel Weston. 
U. Leonard P., b. Aug. 1, 1833 ; d. May 1, 1841. Death was caused by an 
accident. 

Mr. Holt left many reminders of l^is industry and business enterprise in 
Springfield. In company with others, he repaired the Universalist Church. 
With Granville Leland he built, in 1857, the Town Hall, and after the flood of 
1869 they built the gristmill, which was afterward burned. Besides these he 
also built a good number of houses in the village, and finished a number of 
stone houses in Chester and Cavendish. 

On the 12th of December, 1883, the eightieth anniversary of his birthday, 
Charles Holt invited eleven of his friends, who had been intimately ac- 
quainted with him from his boyhood, and who had spent the greater part of 
their lives in Springfield as fellow-townsmen and neighbors, to his house for a 
visit, and after a little time spent in pleasant reminiscences, they sat down to 
dinner with their host, the table being spread with a sumptuous repast. The 
names and ages of tlie guests were as follows : — 

Eli Howe, age 87. John E. Johnson, age 81. 

Daniel A. Gill, age 80. Isaac Howe, age 81. 

Herschel Davis, age 85. Jonas Woodward, age 80. 

Samuel Herrick, age 85. Arba llolman, age 79. 

George Jenkins, age 83. Abel Prescott White, age 79. 

Squire Greene, age 81. 
The average of their ages nearly 83 years. 

After the dinner, Mr. Holt and his guests held a reception, and cordially 
greeted and pleasantly entertained quite a number of the citis^ns of the vil- 
lage, aftef which a photograph of the party was taken. 

A more pleasant meeting of old friends is not often experienced. 

Frye B. Hopkixs, son of Jotham S. and Esther (Perry) Hopkins, was b. at 
Springfield, April 21, 1843. Served in the Rebellion in Co. A, 3d Reg't Ver- 
mont Volunteers. He m. Salina A. Carsen. Ch. : 
I. Ida. S. 

II. John E., b. April 8, 1877. 
III. Etta M., b. March 2, 1879. 

George B. HorKixs, son of Jotham S. and Esther (Perry'* Hopkins, was b. 
July 6, 1840, at Springfield. He sen-ed in the Rebellion in Co. A, 3d Reg't 
Vermont Volunteers; in. Aug. 22, 1858, Julia A. l*erry, daughter of Jarvis C. 
and Stirah (Bigelow) Perry. Ch. : 

I. Elbert C, b. Oct. 3, 1859; m. Dec. 29, 18S0, Susan E. Stowe. 

II. George A., b. Nov. 12, 18(;2; m. May 25, 1886, Ella L. McGrath. 

III. Carrie J., b. Aug. 4, 1865; m. Nov. 4, 1885, Clarence W. Gibson. 



344 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Nelson Hopkins, sou of Jotham S. and Ruthera (Burr) Hopkios, was b. 
at Springaekl, Oct. 21, 1829: m. Nov. 21, 1862, Althena J. Musdale, daughter 
of Joseph C. and Laura J. (Cone) Musdale. Ch. : 
I. Erabert E., b. Aug. 26, 1863. 
II. Emma A., b. June 10, 1865 ; m. Ernest A. Flanders. 

III. Fred A., b. Sept. 29, 1867. 

IV. Edwin W., b. Feb. 7. 1873. 
V. Xellie ('., b. April 26, 1883. 

Am ASA Houghton, b. Feb. 17, 1769, came to Springfield from Thompson, 
Conn., and first lived in a house where the Parks & Woolson Machine Com- 
pany's shop now stands. Afterward t\e moved to a house near the present 
site of Gilman & Townsend's machine shop and fitted up a shop in the lower 
part, having bought the water privilege of Isiiac Fisher. Later, with Elliot 
Lynde, he built a machine shop where the woollen mill stands. He d. 
3Iarch 30, 1813. He m. Polly Ilaskius, who d. May 4, 1838. Ch. : 

I. Polly Haskins, b. March 24, 1800; m. Oct. 15, 1820, Eli Howe. (See 

Howe family.) 
II. Amasa Hendrick, b. Oct. 9, 1801 : entered the Methodist ministry and 
was a member of the Vermont Conference. He removed to Iowa, 
and was chaplain of the 38th Iowa Infantry during the Rebellion. 
Afterwanls he was called to the pastorate of the First Congrega- 
tional Church in Lansing, Iowa, where he lal)ored twenty years. 
He d. July 25, 1884. He m. 1st, Charity Ormsby; 2d, Eunice 
Barrows. 

III. Almira W., b. Aug. 3, 1804; in. April, 1828, Rev. Darius Barker, an 

Episcopal clergyman. He was rector of St. Luke's parish, Charles- 
town. X. IL, and later of St. Paul's at \Vii\dsor, Vt. : moved to 
Michigan in 1837; she d. in April, 1842. 

IV. Horace H., b. Oct. 26, 1806. At 18 years he was apprenticed to Rufus 

Colton of Woodstock to learn the printer's trade. In 1827 lie went 
to New York to work for Harper & Brothers. In 1834 he was at 
Castleton, Vt.. and published a paper there. (See Newspapers.' 
He went to St. Louis to work on the Mhsonri Rppuhliran^ but, find- 
ing himself too sincere an opponent of slavery to remain there, he 
went up the river to Galena, 111., where he soon purt'hased the 
Xnrtfnrestfrn (i'tzfttt- and published it until 18<>3. He was appointeil 
r. S. CouHiul to Lahaina. Hawaiian Islands, by President Grant. On 
his return, was appointeil postmaster at Galena. He d. in Galena, 
July. 1870. 
V. Iliram Leouanl, b. Aug. 12. 1808. A machinist by trade. He worke<l 
some years for Davidson & Parks, in the early j'ears of their busi- 
ness, and afterward, with Smith K. Randel, engaged in the manu- 
facture of shoe peg*. Later he bought a farm (the Isaac Fisher 
farm) on the river, north of the village, which he sold to the Nov- 
elty Works Co.. and moved to Charlestown. N. H., where he d. 
March 10, 1802. He m. Maroli 14. 1836, Mary Randel, daughter of 
Solomon Randel of Spriugtield. Ch. : 



OF 8PRIKGF1ELD, VT. 



1. Lucy A., b. Aiifr. 27, 183H; d. Fl-Ij. 27, 1890. 

2. Marj' E,, b. Oot. 5, 1843 ; in. May 9, 1867, Granville S. Derby. 

(See sketch.) 
VI. Horatio \V., b. Oct. 22, 1812. A Methodist mlulster, anil member of 
the New Englaoil Coofcreuce from 1844 to 1857, wheo he wna trans- 
ferred to the upper Iowa Conrereuce, where he laboreil as pre- 
siding elder two terms. Now lives at Lnnsiog, Iowa. He m. 1st, 
Verona Anthony (decieased) ; m. M, Rachel Milner. 
He published, In 1834, the Hi-cn'l nf the Thaei, tiie first newspaper In 
Spriai^eld. (See Newspapers.) 

IIOIVE FAMILY. 
Daniel IIowk wa^i b. In Stowe, Mass., June 1, 17&4, and came to Spring- 
field from Fitzwilliam, X. M., Id the spring of 1795. He settled on tlie heiglit 
of land In District No. 11, where lie made a very productive farm. He m. 
March 13, 1790, Elisabeth Patch, who was b. May 3, 1770; d. May 2, 1882. 
Daniel Howe d. May 10. 1853. Ch. : 

1. Elisabeth, b.Deceml>er, 1790: m. Feb. ». 1813. Wales GouUl ; d. in 1666. 
11. Eli, b. Oct. 12, 1793: d. July 12, 179:1. 
HI. Hannah, b. Sept. 5, 



ward, who d. July 
2,1843. Slied. Dec. 
29, 1881. 

IV. Eli,b.0.t.]i,179«;m. 
Polly Houghto 



The 



11' 



ed in 



Smithfleld, Me., 

InShaftsbury.Vt., 

and later In 

Springfield, where 

he d. Feb. 3, 1887. 

His wife d. Nov. 

14, 1872. Ch. : 

1. Amasa D., b. 

April 21, 1821 ; 

m. Ist, Kachel 

Harlow; m. 

2il, Augelia 

Barker. ITiey 

moved to 

Ohio. 

a. I.*wi8 E,, b, 

Sept. 13, 1822: 



Lottie (Spooner) Howe. 




346 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

3. Mary E., b. March 11, 1824 ; ni. 1st, Peter Mattison; m. 2d, Luther 

P. Warren of Weathersfleld ; she d. in January, 1895. Two 80D<i 
by Ist marriage. 

4. Horace H., b. Feb. 9, 18*26; ra. Oct. 15, 18.50, Cynthia A. Green of 

Shaftsbury. He is a successful farmer and business man, promi- 
Dent in town affairs, and holdino^ important positions of trust. 
In 1876 he was a member of the I^grislature ; has been for many 
years a trustee of Springfield Saviugfs Baulv, and is now (1895) 
its president. Ch. : 
(1). Herbert H., b. July 3, 1853 ; m. July 20, 1881, Ella Whiting; 

is a physician. 
(2). Leouanl H., b. July 18, 1858; m. June 6, 1883, Ada Richard- 

son. 
(3). Fre<l L., b. Xov 23, 1860; m. Jan. 6, 1886, Carrie Fisher of 
Springfield. Ch. : 
[1]. Augusta Stella, b. June 1, 1891. 

5. Martlia E., b. Dec. 15, 1827; m. Martin Stowe of Shaftsbury, Vt. ; 

d. in Iowa. 

0. Lucia A., b. Aug. 1, 1820; m. Russell Stone. Resides in Shafts- 

bury, Vt. 

7. Leonai-d H., b. April 30, 1831 ; took a course of study at Spring- 

field Wesleyan Seminary ; a man of fine ability and great energy. 
Weut south for his healtli, afterward to Iowa, where he studied 
law ; was admitted to the bar, ami practised for some years m. ; 
Lottie Spooner ; he d. iu Iowa. One son : 
[IJ. Leonard. 

8. Louisa J., b. April 30. 1S31 ; m. March 14, 1859, Thomas Merritt; 

d. Sept. 2, 1866. 

9. Emeliue A., b. Dec. 30, 1834; m. Adelbert L. Allen. 

10. Sarah V., b. March 16, 1837; m. Sept. 16, 1862, Isaac Ellis; res. in 
Springfield. 
V. Daniel, b. Sept. 17, 170S; m. May 29. 18*23, Sarah Holman, who d. 
March 29, 1889. He d. March 3, 1873. Ch. : 

1. Sarah, m. David Tiltou. 

2. William, res. in Concord, X. 11. 

3. Solon, m. Feb. 6. 1860, Mary Ann Ward of Springfield. Ch. : 
rl). Mary S., b. July 20, 1861. 

(2). Emma L., b. Dec. 4, 1862; m. Xov. 16. 1880, Roger W. Hall. 

4. Seliua, res. iu Concord. X. H. 

5. Lewis M. 

VI. James, b. Aug. 29, 1800; d. Sept. 2. 1802. 

VII. Isaac, b. Juue 21, 1802; m. Feb. 14. 1828, Eliza C. Tarl)eU. After his 
marriage he bought his father's farm on the height of land west of 
the village, and cared for his parents while they lived. He was a 
mau of great industry, of sterling integrity and Christian char- 
acter. He early united with the Methodist church, and was 
a member over fifty years. In politics he was a Republican, and 
voted with that party from its organization. In 1861 he bnilt a 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 347 

house on Uniou Street, where he resided >^ith his daughter, and at 
the age of 92 years was able to care for his ganlen and occasion- 
ally walk to the village. He d. in 1895. (See Charles Holt's 
sketch.) Ch. : 

1. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 27, 1828; m. Elijah Jones Herrick. (See Her- 

rick family.) 

2. Henry S., b. Oct. 16, 18:W; d. April 19, 1831. 

3. Ellen A., b. March 27, 1832 ; unni. ; res. in Springfield, 

4. Henry F., b. Oct. 17, 1835; m. Julia Whitcorab, who. d. Oct. 13 

1862. Ch. : 
(1). Lulu M., b. Sept. 21, 1860; ui. George Trotter. Ch. : 
[IJ. Edna M., b. Oct. 4, 1882. 
[2J. Minnie B., b. Aug. 4, 1885. 
(2). Luman H., b. Sept. 17, 1861 ; m. July 2, 1885, Jennie Wilkin- 
son. 
Henry F. m. 2d, Oct. 4, 1864, Marcia Westgate. Ch. : 
(3). Henry C, b. Aug. 21, 1865; d. Feb. 8, 1884. 
(4). Julia L., b. Sept. 30, 18G7. 
(5). William L., b. Feb. 8, 1870; d. July 31, 1872. 
(6). Willis E., b. July 27, 1872. 
(7). Wallace F., b. Oct. 3, 1875. 
(8). Xellie M., b. Oct. 15, 1878. 
(9). Fred H., b. April 2, 1881. 
(10). Gertie E., b. July 12, 1882. 
(11). Leuora, b. July 5, 1884. 

5. Jonathan, b. April 15, 1838; m. Aug. 21, 1865, Lenora Wright. 

He was a member of Co. H, 10th Keg't Vermont Volunteers ; 
res. in Brattleboro. 

6. Julia E., b. Nov. 18, 1840; m. Feb. 12, 1865, Eri Marble. 

VIII. Lewis, b. July 2, 1804; m. April 6, 1828, Laura Smith, who d. Sept. 
12, 1886. He d. Nov. 5, 1880. 
IX. Achsa, b. March 10, 1807; tl. Sept. 1, 1820. 
X. Uuldah, b. April 11, 1812; m. January, 1835, Henry Hazen; res. in 

Maine. 
Norman Howe, sou of Moses and Hannah (Moore) Howe, was b. at 
Woodstock, Vt., Nov. 22, 1812; m. May 31, 1840, Sarah Lyon, daughter of 
Daniel and Polly (Prince) Lyon. Ch. : 

I. Norman W., b. Aug. 28, 1843; m. Lucy A. Hall. 
II. Ellen S., b. July 23, 1846; m. Luther Randall. 

III. Lyman W., b. Dec. 5, 1849; m. Jennie Higglns. 

IV. Harriet M., d. in infancy. 

Norman W. Howe, son of Norman and Sarah (Lyon) Howe, was b. at 
C^e^ter, Vt., .4ug. 28, 1843; m. Jan. 1, 1870, Lucy A. Hall, daughter of 
Iliram and Lucy A. (Goodell) Hall, b. in Springfield, June 9, 1844. Ch. : 
L Albert N., b. March 12, 1877. 

HUBBAHD FAMILY. 

Cait. George Hibbard, b. at Tolland, Conn., Nov. 30, 1739, was a de- 
scendant of the fifth generation from CJeorge and Mary (Bishop) Hubbard, 



348 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

who emig^ted from Wakefield, England, to Watertown. Mas?., and reuiove<i 
to Weathersfleld, Conn., in 1(536, and who was deputy to the llrst General 
Assembly at Hartford in April, 1638. His lot of land, called Xaubuc Farm*, 
on the east side of the Connecticut River, now Glastonbury, is still, some por- 
tions of it, in the possession of his descendants, never having been trans- 
ferred by deed. 

Capt. George enlisted in the Continental army, and was appointed ensign 
of Sage's company of the State Regiment, June 20, 1776, and First Lieutenant 
of the 2d Connecticut Regiment, Jan. 1, 1777, which office he resigned Dec. 
27, 1777. In 1778 he removed to Clai*emont, X. H., and in 1782, or before, he 
came to Springfield, and settled in Eureka, on what has been known for more 
than a century as the Hubbard farm. He had a list of forty-one pounds iu 
1782. 

From that time until his return to Claremont he held manv offices of re- 

sponsibility and trust, l)eiug town representative iu 1783. He was a large 

owner of real estate. It is not known when he retumeil to Claremont, but 

he sold the home farm of one hundred acres for five hundred pounds to hi?-' 

son Calvin, Feb. 2, 1791. His name is in the list of freeholders in 1794. 

He m. Juue 10, 1760, lliankful Hatch of Ellington, Conn. Ch. : 

I. Calvin, b. April 13. 1761, who, as a lad of fifteen, took charge of the 

farm iu Tolland while his father and next younger brother were 

serv'ing in the army, and who came to Springfield with his father 

and resided here until 1837, when he removed to Guildhall, where 

he died at the age of 93. He was a trial justice, and for many years 

held courts for the trial of suits iu Springfield. 

An addition was built to his house for an office for his brother. 

Hon. Jonathan Hatch Hubbard, and in this office and a room in 

Xewell's store and iu Dr. Samuel Cobb's house the courts were held. 

He m. 1st, Ruth Moacham of Clmrlestown. who d. Oct. 2, 1802. Ch. : 

1. p:dua, b. Oct. 16, 1785; m. Veh, 24, 1823, Moses Rice of Stock- 

bridge. Ch. : 
(1). Clarissa. 

2. Ruth, b. March 15, 1787. 

3. Horace, b. May 6, 1780: m. July 5, 1813, Phemia Woo<l. Re- 

moved to Guildhall. ( h. : 
(1). George. 
(2). John. 

4. Ann, b. May 14, 1701 ; m. Mr. Cleveland of Xorthuml>erlaud. 

X. H. 

5. Laura, b. March 2:^, 1703. 

6. Calvin, b. Mav 6, 1705: d. Julv 12. 1872. 

In hi* youth he worked ou his father's farm, attending the 
famous Eureka School in the winter. He studied Latin, walking 
to the village to n^cite. At the age of 22, ha\ing been dis:ibled 
for farm work bv an accident, he beiaran the studv of meiiieiue 
with Dr. Mories Cobb of the Aillage. In 1817 and 1818 he at- 
tended the intMlioal lectures at Dartmouth College, teaching 




CA LVIN HUBBARD, 
AT 90. 




CALVIN HUBBARD, MO. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 34:9 

school to pay his expenses, and becoming famous as a teacher 
of unruly schools. 

In March, 1819, he entered the office of Dr. Amos Twitchell of 
Keene, one of the most famous physicians and surgeons in New 
England, and whose kindness and that of his good wife won the 
enduring gratitude and love of the young man, who was strug- 
gling with extreme poverty. 

After completing his medical studies, he settled, April 4, 1821, 
in Nelson, N. II., ten miles east of Keene, where he remained In 
practice sixteen years. In 1837 he returned to Springfield, and 
bought his father's farm and two adjoining farms, w^here (with 
the exception of two years, 1839 to 1841, when he lived in the 
village in the house now owned and occupied by Dr. D. W. 
Hazelton, and practised medicine) he passed the rest of his 
days in farming, his favorite pursuit. 

After living in Nelson for a few years he bought a farm, 
which he stocked with merino sheep, and from that time on was 
an enthusiastic sheep breeder. 

Dr. Hubbard w^as a self-made man, of great natural abilities 
and tireless energy, and had the courage of his convictions. 
While living in Nelson the use of ardent spirits was universal. 
The neglect to offer a caller a drink was esteemed the most in- 
sulting way of intimating that he need not call again ; and its 
use in the hay field was regarded as a necessity. He decided to 
abandon the use of mm on his farm, and though warned by his 
neighbors that it would be an impossibility, he carried it 
through, and the good example was followed by others. AVheu 
he settled there, sixty barrels of rum were used yearly in town, 
besides other liquors. At the end of the sixteen years one bar- 
rel was enough to last the people a year. 

He married, about 1823, Betsey Woodberry of Beverly, Mass., 
b. in 1800, and who was a descendant of the sixth generation 
from John Woodberry, who came from Somersetshire, England, 
to Salem in 1026, and who was the first and only man who held 
in America the office of Lord High C'oustable. Ch. : 

(1). Josiah Woodberry, b. Jan. 3, 1826. He was educated at the 
Perkinsville and Chester Academies, by a private tutor at 
Windsor, and at the Harvard Law School at Cambridge, 
^[ass. He continued his studies in tlie oflice of Gov. Met- 
calf at Newport, N. II., and in the office of Hon. O. F. 
Chandler at Woodstock, Vt., and opened an otfice for the 
practice of law at Springfield in 1849. After a few 
months he removed to Boston, and practised, there until 
hU death, Sept. 16, 1892. He was a thorough and well- 
read lawyer, and had a very large practice, many im- 
portant eases being entrusted to him. 



350 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

He m. Jane 4, 1856, Man' R., daughter of Ezra Batdi- 
eller of North Brookfield, Mass., who survives him. Ch. : 
[1]. Mary, b. Aug. 27, 1858. 
[2]. Alfred B.. b. March 27, 1860. 
(2). Elizabeth Helen, b. Oct. 5, 1831 ; m. Dec. 6, 1894, Frank J. 

Bell, and resides in Springfield. 
(3). Charle.« Horace, b. Xov. 25, 1834. He was educated at th«» 
Springfield Weslej-au Seminary and the Harvard Law 
School, and entered the office of his brother in Boston a.« 
a student in October, 1854. On his admission to the bar 
in 1857 he practised with his brother until 1862, when 
failing health compelled him to give up !»edentary occupa- 
tions, and he worked on his father's farm until 1867. 
when he moved on to the Lewis farm in Eureka, where he 
has since resided. 
He represented the town in the Legislature in 1874, was a 
meml)er of the State Board of Agriculture in 1874—76, ha$ 
been a director and Vice-President of the Vermont State 
Agricultural Society for twenty-five yeari*, and a Justice 
of the Peace for about the same length of time. He m. 
Oct. 14, 1807, Carrie C daugliter of George and Adaline 
(Wilcox) Campbell of Westminster West. Ch. : 
[1]. Geo. Campbell, b. July 20, 1874. 
[2]. Bessie Adaline, b. Aug. 19, 1875. 
[3]. Fayette Elmore, b. 3Iay 21, 1877. 
[4]. Calvin Eugene, b. June 1, 1880. 
[5]. Mary Chaiiil>erlain, b. Feb. 10, 1883. 
(4;. Sarah Tliorndyke, b. June 17, 1836. 
(5). Harriett Lincoln, b. April 3, 1839: m. Dec. 12, 1861. Joseph 

White of Springfield. (See White.; 
(6). Catherine Kachel, b. June 3, 1841 : m. June 20, 1866, Heurv 
Hey wood of Lancaster, X. 11. Ch. : 
[1]. William Henry, b. Feb. 25, 1868. 
7. Lucia, b. May 16, 1797; ni. Feb. 24, 1820, John Keyes of Acworth. 
Ch. : 
(1). Caroline, )>. Jan. 10, 182:^; m. — Heywood of Coueonl. 

Vt.:d. May, 189.3. 
(2). Frank IL. b. Nov. 23,1826 : m. Eliz:il)eth A. Amy, and lives at 
Watertowii. Ma?;?. 
S. Pamela, b. June 17, 1799: m. Oct. 13, 1S28, Hiram H. Nichols, and 

removed to Guildhall. 
9. Seth, b. July 15, 1802: d. July 21, 1802. 

Calvin, Sr., m. 2d, Anna Meachamof Charlestown, sister of his first wife. 
11. rhloe, b. March 13, 1703. 

III. George, b. Feb. 12, 1765 : enlisted in the Continental army as a drum- 

mer at the age of eleven and 8i'rve<l through the war. He settled 
at West Lebanon, X. H. 

IV. Jonathan Hatch, b. May 7, 17<;8. First lawj-er in Springfield. Later 




^. >i^^^a.^.;^5=.^^^U*< 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 351 

removed to Windsor, where he died, lie was judge of the Vermont 
Supreme Court, and a member of Conj^ress from Vermont. 
V. Isaac, b. July 28, 1770; settle<l at Claremont, X. H., where he died. 
He was a noted farmer and stock breeder. He m. Ruth, daughter of 
Dr. Samuel Cobb. 
VI. Goodrich, b. March 18, 1773. 

VII. Elizer, b. Jan. 14, 1775, was a lawyer. He flrst settled at Windsor, 
and afterwaixi removed to Canada. 
VIII. Ahira, b. Oct. 13, 1779. 
IX. Pamela, b. April 13, 1781. 

Kluah a. Hulett, son of Lyman and Lucy (Cutler) Hulett, was b. at 
Chester, Oct. 24, 1831. Keeps a tish market in Springfield. He m. April 4, 
1855, Eliza L. Archer, daughter of Horace and Mary A. (Sargent) Archer, b. 
at Shrewsbury, Vt., Feb. 4, 1836. 

Moses Hurd came to Springlield from Newport, N. H., in 1853; m. Caro- 
line Bascom. Ch. : 

I. Asenath Louisa, b. October, 1834; res. in California. 
II. Loren B., b. Aug. 29, 1836. Appointed to a clerkship in War Depart- 
ment at Washington, D. C, in July, 1867. In May, 1874, received 
the appointment of postmaster at Springfteld, and held the office 
until Sept. 15, 1885. Is now in insurance business in Springfield, 
lie m. June 4, 1867, Ellen L. Hazard of Washington, D. C. Ch. : 

1. OraE., b. Aug. 11, 1869. 

2. Ray L., b. April 3, 1877. 

III. Caroline, I). April 21, 1840; m. George B. Rockwell. 

Lewis E. Jackmax, son of Joseph and Permelia (Strong) Jackman, was 
b. in Lincoln, Vt., in 1838. He came to Springlield in 1862, and worked at the 
carpenter's trade. By exposure and sickness he partially lost the use of his limbs, 
and, unable to work at his trade, he studied photography. He had a saloon just 
south of the Pingry Block, and continued the business until his health again 
failed. He d. Jan. 25, 1884. He was a natural mechanic and a real artist, and 
was well known to the people of this town for many years. He conquen'd 
difficulties and overcame obstacles which would have discouraged many an- 
other one in the struggle of life. 

He m. in 1860, Ellen H. Marcy, daughter of Stephen and Melinda (Mason) 
Marcy of Weathersfield. She d. Jan. 28, 1892. 

William R. Jacobs, son of Blake and Jane (Knight) Jacobs, was b. at 
Haverhill, X. H., May 23, 1855; m. Nov. 15, 1876, Mary E. Slack, daughter of 
John A. and Mary A. (McAllister) Slack, b. at Springfield, April 6, 1855. Ch. : 
I. Raymond R., b. at Springfield, Nov. 22, 1879. 
II. Julian S., b. at Springfield, April 8, 1887. 

JENKINS FAMILY. 

John Jenkins came to Springfield in 1789 from Taunton, Mass., with his 
wife and six children, four boys and two girls. He settled in the west part of 
the town, on the farm now owned by Herbert W. Jenkins. He was a Quaker, 
and by trade a tinker. The three younger boys were nail-makers. 



352 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

John Jenkins, oldest ^oii of Joho, learoed the mason's trade at the age 
of tweaty-two, and he followed that business during the rest of his life. At 
the age of twenty-six he married Deborah, daughter of I^evi Philips, who 
wsiii from Rhode Island. It is related that he was engaged by Mr. Philips to 
build a chimney, and while on the roof, topping it out, saw Deborah laying 
the jH^wter platters which she had washed and scoured from the dinner table, 
ill the sun. and while noting the neatness and agility with which she spread 
the shining dishes, a little piece of mortar slipped from the point of his trowel 
and fell in the centre of one of the shining plates. As a result of this bit 
of pleasantry their marriage occurred not long after. Twelve children. 

George Jenkins, son of John and Deborali (Philips) Jenkins, was b. in 
Springfield in 1800, and learned the mason's trade of his father. When he was 
about twentv-oue, his father had l)econie embarrassed and was likelr to lose 
tlie fann, and George bought the lease, and the next four years worked in 
Boston, and paid it up, afterwards buying the ** right of soil.*' Tlie next year 
he built the brick house now standing on this farm. Soon after he began work 
for <'apt. Tliomas Dana, and contiuue<l with him more than twenty years, 
during which time they built a large number of brick buildings in Vermont 
and \ew Hampshire. The brick house on the Dr. Calvin Hubbard fami in 
Eureka was built by Capt. Dana, his son, William Dana, George Jenkins and 
Lincoln Whitcomb. They began We<lnesday morning, and Saturday night 
the walls were n*ady for the roof. It contained two brick ovens and eight 
fireplaces, and over thirty thousand of !)rick were used. Each of these men 
could lav two thousand a dav. Mr. Jenkins alwavs lived on the farm where 

• • • 

he was born, and this farm from settlement has always been kept in the 
family. He worke<l as a brick mason until eighty years of age, and when 
eighty-three he worked an hour on the Town Hall in Chester, where he and 
bis son. gran<l-5on, and great-grandson all laid brick at the same time. In the 
early part of his life brickmasons received about 81.25 per day, later ^1.50. 

Mr. Jenkins did not attend anv school until nine vears old, and his educa- 
tion from books was linnte<l. but by keen observation he acquired a gooil 
bn-iines< ability, and held manv oftices of trust. He was a man of excellent 
[»riuoiples and goo<l judgment, and temperate in all things; was one of the 
fir-it to advocate prohibition and total abstinence, which he practised during 
the remainder of bi-i life, in L^^o he professed religion and joined the Con- 
gre<rational church in the village, of which he was a worthy and earnest 
member till bis death, which occurred Feb. 20, 1887, at the age of 87 years. 

lie m. Merriel Thompson, daughter of .John and Betsej' (Brown) Thomp- 
son, and they had seven son* and one daughter. Ch. : 
I. Lucia A., b. Feb. S. 182S: d. March IS, 1835. 
II. Thomas L.. b. Oct. 2,1829. A mason by tnide and well known to 
the people of this town. He d. Jan. 15, 1802. 
Dec. 20. 18.55. be m. Marcella D. Lelaud. daughter of Joshua and 
Betsey (Boynton; Leland of Baltimore, b. Dee. 17, 1830. Ch. : 

1. Charles L., b. Oct. 17, 1856. 

2. Nellie M.. b. Dec. 80, 1857: m. Dec. 15, 1880, Charles A. 

Williams of Cbester : d. December, 1883. Ch. : 
(1). Nellie J., b. Sept. 26, 1883. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 353 

3. George 0., b. Oct. 28, 1859; m. Dee. 28, 1880, Minnie A. Koby, 

daughter of Allen and Betsey (Tuttle) Roby. Ch.: 
(1). Walter M.,b. Sept. 7, 1881. 
(2). I^lph C, b. Dec. 3, 1891. 

4. Lucia E., b. Dec. 9, 1864; m. Albert E. Sawyer of Bellows Falls. 

Ch.: 
(1). Lena L., b. Feb. 16, 1888. 
(2), Thomas J., b. Jan. 4, 1892. 

5. Hattie E., b. July 10, 1869; m. Oct. 26, 1892, Fred O. Stearns of 

Perkinsville. 

III. George F., b. Jan. 8, 1832; d. in infancy. 

IV. Benjamin F., b. Aug. 30, 1833; d. Jan. 20, 1837. 

\\ Henry H., b., July 27, 1836; ra. April 30, 1867, Lucy M. Field, 
daughter of Charles and Mary (Foster) Field. Ch. : 

1. Mattie A., b. Feb. 3, 1869 ; d. March 15, 1866. 

2. Edwin II., b. Jan. 19, 1861 ; m. March 13, 1886, Lovina A. Smith of 

Londonderry. 

3. Merrill M., b. Jan. 22, 1863. 

4. Emma M:, b. Jati. 22, 1865 ; d. Sept. 12, 1880. 

5. Lucy E., b. Feb. 3, 1867. 

6. Fanny S., b. Sept. 14, 1868 ; m. March 4, 1889, John H. Booth. Ch. : 
(1). Maude Emma, b. Nov. 3, 1890. 

(2). Florence Lucy, b. Feb. 28, 1893. 
VI. Edwin, b. March 20, 1839 ; d. in infancy. 

VII. Herbert W., b. June 26, 1844; res. in Springfield on the homestead 
which has been in the family for four generations. He served in 
the Civil War. He m. March 18, 1863, Julia E. Whitcomb, daughter 
of Salmon and Mary A. (Flske) Whitcomb. Two ch. : Willie H. and 
Lizzie, both d. in infancy. 
VIII. James Franklin, b. May 8, 1846; res. in W^ave^ly, Iowa. 

Charles C. Johxson was b. in Chester, Vt., July 22, 1831; was the son of 
Willard and Sophia (Hoar) Johnson. Both his paternal and maternal grand- 
parents were among the first settlers of the town of Chester, his paternal 
grandfather being one of the original charter members of that town. Mr. 
Johnson^s early life was spent on the original home farm. His education 
was obtained at the district schools and at Chester Academy. At the age of 
eighteen he entered the store of Sherwin & Richardson, and learned mercan- 
tile business. Jan. 3, 1863, he m. Susan S. Ellison, daughter of John and 
Betsy (Earle) Ellison of Chester. In 1854 he with his wife moved to Brim- 
field, Peoria County, 111., where his first child, Susan E., was b. Aug. 2, 
1854. In 1869 he moved to Red Wing, Minn., where he remained until 1863. 
At the time of the Sioux Indian war of 1862, he was appointed colonel of the 10th 
Regiment Minnesota Militia, which was organized on account of the Indian 
outbreak. In the winter of 1863 and 1864 he returned east, and settled In 
Springfield, Vt. Aug. 29, 1864, he enlisted in Co. M, 3d Massachusetts 
Heavy Artillery Regiment ; was promoted to orderly sergeant, and by reason 
of close of the war was honorably discharged June 17, 1866. Returned Immedi- 



354 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

ately after discharge to Springfield, and entered the employ of the Vermont 
Novelty Works Company. In the spring of 1868 he was elected first consta- 
ble of Springfield, and served as such ofilcer for two years. Being of a me- 
chanical turn of mind, he has, while living in Springfield, made many inven- 
tions which were patented, some of them proving of much value to parties 
to whom he sold the right. In 18d0 he engaged in the business of pension 
attorney, in which he has successfully practised, and in which he is engaged 
at the time of publication of this volume. Children bom to him, all of whom 
are now living, are : 

I. Susan Elizabeth, b. Aug. 2, 1854. 
II. Minnie Sophia, b. Sept. 3. 1866. 

III. Schuyler Colfax, b. Dec. 27, 1868. 

IV. Etta Earle, b. Dec. 10, 1870; the last three behig born hi Springfield. 

Mr. Johnson has taken great interest in Grand Army affkirs, and lias at sev- 
eral times held the honorable position of Post Commander, and in 1894 was 
Inspector General of the Department of Vermont, G. A. R. 

Schuyler Colfax, son of Charles C. Johnson, was educated in Spring- 
field schools, was clerk in post ofiice in Springfield under I.. B. 
Hurd, at Claremont, N. H., at Brattleboro, Vt., three years, again 
at Springfield, and later at New ^Miatcom, Wash. ; now in insurance 
business in New York. 

GEOR<iE Joiixsox was for many years a well-known citizen of Springfield. 
He was a carpenter, and learned his trade of Samuel M. Lewis. At one time 
he lived on land now owned by the family of Luke Taylor. He had a grocery 
store in the old ottice of Samuel M. Lewis, on the site of the Washburn Block, 
at the hoad of Main Street, and was afterwanl in the hotel business here, also 
in a hotel in Laiidgrove, Vt. He also owned at one time the Isaac Davis farm. 

The last of his years were .-spent in the house now owned by Orrin Rice, 
2d, where he d. May 13, 1869. 

lie m. Betsey Bates, (laughter of Theophilus Bates aud sister of Job Bsites. 
She d. Nov. 9, 1879, at the age of 87 years. 

John E. Johnson, son of Joshua and Hannah (Estabrook) Johnson, was 
b. at Rockinj^hani, Vt., April 28, 1802; m. 1st, Martha Shedd; she d. July 5, 
1862; m. id, Aut|r. 0.3, 1863, Catharine M. (Beinis) Knight, daughter of Euos 
and Submit (llaskiiis) Bemis, b. at Weathersfield, Jan. 14, 1832. 

Rawson T. Johnson, son of Elisha and Matilda (Gale) Johnson, was 
b. in Londonderry, Vt., July 10, 1825. lie learned the blacksmith's trade 
of Emery Mellendy, in Londonderry, and carried on the business two years 
in that town, in company with Horace Allbe. In 1847 he came to Spring- 
field, and worked for Capt. George Kimball one year, then for Joseph 
Knight one year, in a shop on the spot where Whitney & Brown's house 
now stands. At the expiration of the year he hired the shop, and in 
company with Richard McCrae was two years in business, then formed a 
partnership with Willard Harlow in the carriage business. In 1852 he built 
a shop just above where his present shop stands, and since that time, with 
the exception of a few years, during which he superintended the busiaess 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



355 



tor other parties, Mr. Johoson has carried on blnckamlihitiK continuously, 
under the firm oame of R. T, Johnaon & Co. l}e h&s l^onx had ilie reputation 
of being the best shoer iu this section, »nd hHS had a large i>ati'onage 
from horsemen in other towi|> of the State, some of ihem many mlloB 
avt-a;. On account of failing health he »>ld his busiuesB in .1893 to liuBsel) 
S. Herrick. Ue in. March 11, 1S45, Adaline Allbe, daughter of Horace 
and Hannah (Uerrlck) Allbe. Ch. : 
I. Eatell^, b. Dec. 3, 

1845; d. May 28, " 

1854. 
II. Fred L., b. Nov. 28, 
1860; m. June 33, 
1874, Jessie Good- 
win. Ch. : 
1. Lottie, b. No- 
vember, 1885. 

III. Frank L., b. Aug. 

29, 1854; graduat- 
ed from the State 
Normal School at 
Casileton,Vt.,aDd 
was for several 
years euperlnien- 
dent of schools In 
SiKDcer, Maes. ; 
now superinten- 
dent of County 
Truant School at 
Oakdale, Miis^. | 
He ra. November, 1 
1878, Flora Vail. I 
Two ch. 

IV. FloraA.,b. Feb. 24, | 

18S7 ; tn. Jan. 3-2, 

1880, Charles L. 
Fairbanks. Ch. : 

1. Ruth, h. Sept. 19, 1882. 

2. Flora E., b. July 27, 1884. 

3. Helen L., h. Sept 9, 1887. 

V. Charles W., b. Feb. 34, 1858; m. Emma Meot/.er. Twochlldren. 
VI. George Ellsworth, b. June 21, 1862; dtted for college at Sprlngtleld 
High .School, anil graduated from Dartmouth College in the class 
of 1887 ; for several yeare was principal of SpriBgtielil High School ; 
lat«r a stuiient iu Clarke University ; now (1895) superluteudeut of 
M^hools in Aiidover, Mass. 
£lI3HA KeiTM, son of Samuel and Mary N. (AVanI) Keilh, was b. at 
Chester, Aug. 2, 1815; d. May 9, 1870, iit Spriugfielii. He iii. Feb, 1], 1863, 
Susan M. Haywood, daughter of Paul and Lucy ( ) Haywood. 




HiWSOM T. JOHNSON. 



356 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Dr. Ariel Kendrick wsb b, iu Wood mock, Vt., Dw, 17, 1798. His 
father, Rev. Ariel Keadrit^k, was pHsior ot the Baptist church tn that place. 
Id 18S6 he graduated from the Caslleton Hedlcal School, and about 1838 be 
located Id Korth SpringDeli), where he vne In active practice more tbao 
flftf fears. He was a member of the Baptist church, hoDored and respected- 
He d. Usy 12, 1SS7, his life having beeo noted for service to the poor and 
lowlj, as welt as to those of abundance. 

His first wife was Mary C. Brj-ant of Corniih, N. H. After her death 
he m. Sarah J. While, danghter of Moses and Mary (Dntton) White. One 
daughter b]r last marriage: 

I. Eva Jaoe, b. JdIj 6, 18G0; a very SDCcessfnl teacher. 
Francis H. Kenvev, son of Hiram and Elizabeth (BlackbDrn) KeoDey, 
vaal>. atSpringaelil,l>ee. 13, 1840; d. Jbd. 30, 1873. He m. Aug. 23, 1866, 
Abby WhitiDg, daughter of Joaepb and Clarissa (IVebb) «Tiitlng, Ch. ; 

I. George F., b. at Springfield, Dec. 14, 1868; graduate of Boston 

I'niversit)-. 
II. Mary £., b. at Spriugfielii, April 29, 1870; d. March 29, 1877. 
BiCQMOND J. Kknxev, sonof Hinim D.and Elizabeth(Blackbuni) Kenney, 
was b. Id Spriagfleld Id 1M2. He U a coDtractor aod builder, and began 
business In Springfield in 
1868, ocoupyiug the shop 
formerly owned by Capt. 
George Kimball. In 1877 he 
built his present large and 
commodious shop, just above 
the gristmill of Cobb A 
Derby, where he is Blill doing 
H large business in erecting- 
and re])!ilring buildings, em- 
ploying from fifteen to 
twenty hands. He deals lu 
lumber dressed to order and 
iu all kinds of house-finisli. 
ing goods. 

He ni. Caroline E. Damon, 
daughter of Curiis and 
llarissa (Oicott) Damon. 
Ch.: 

1. Clara Llzxle, b. at 
Cedar Rapids, 
Iowa, in 1867; m. 
Fred W. Bird of 
Grand Rapids, 
Mich. : res. in 
SprlDgfleld. One 
ch. : XeUie. 
II. Nellie Jane, b. in 
1873; d. in 1877. 




RICHMOND J. KENNEV. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 357 

Charles M. Keyes, merchant and furrier, son of Solomon and Sophronla 
(Derby) Keyes, was b. in Reading, Vt., Feb. 16, 1829. Came to Springfield in 
1854, and began work in B. F. Dana's store, on the site of the Woolson Block. 
The next year began business for himself in a store which stood where the 
restaurant is now located, south of Tontine, and has continued in business to 
the present time. 

He m. Jan. 15, 1856, Mary L. Buck, daughter of Benaui and Candace 
(Goddard) Buck of Reading. Ch. : 

I. Mary Annis, b. Dec. 28, 1856, in Springfield; d. Sept. 17, 1876. 

Capt. John Kilburn, b. in Glastonbury, Conn., in 1704, son of Isaac and 
Hannah (Ordway) Kilburn; m. 1st, Oct. 26, 1732, Mehitable, daughter of 
Andrew and Mehitable Bacon ; m. 2d, Hannah Fox of Glastonbury. In 1825 
he was living in Springfield, Mass. ; he afterwards lived in Middletown, Conn., 
and Northfleld, Mass. In 1749 he moved to Walpole, X. H., and was the first 
white settler of that town, where up to 1762 he held many important ofiices, 
being selectman from 1755 to 1762. 

His memorable and successful defence of his cabin, on the 17th of August, 
1755, with the assistance of his son John, his wife and daughter Hitty, and 
a man named Peak and his son, against a band of one hundred and ninety- 
seven Indians, is mentioned in Trumbull's History of the Indian Wars as one 
of the most heroic and successful efforts of personal courage and valor re- 
corded in the annals of Indian warfare. 

Soon after the close of the Indian wars he removed to Springfield. It is 
supposed that he settled in Spencer Hollow, near the farm of Levi R. White. 
He bought three hundred acres of land of the proprietors in 1771, and in the 
same year one hundred acres of land and a mansion house of John Nott, 
supposed to have been in Spencer Hollow. 

Later he returned to Walpole, where he died April 8, 1789. He was a man 
of noble qualities of character, honored and respected. 

George Kimball's name is first connected with the history of Springfield 
in 1821, when he came to this town from Temple, N. H., where he was born 
Jan. 23, 1800. His only earthly possessions with which he started out in life 
to build a fortune are quickly named, — a homespun freedom suit, a single 
silver dollar, which was afterward preserved as a talisman in the form of a 
spoon, and his knowledge of the blacksmith's trade, which he had learned of 
John Boles, in Wilton, N. H. He began his work in Springfield with Capt. 
Hawkins, in a shop located on what is now Clinton Street, alittle way below the 
bridge. He was employed half the time by Capt. Hawkins on the iron work 
of ploughs, and the remainder he worked at his trade for himself. One year 
later he ventured alone and opened a shop near where the house of Mrs. Cor- 
bett now stands, and became one of the early blacksmiths of the town. A 
year or more later, while on a visit to his widowed mother in Temple, the 
shop was sold, and on his return he found that he had but sixty days' notice to 
vacate; whereupon the farmers and other citizens rallied to his assistance, and 
drew brick and lumber, and in 1824 a brick shop was built on the site of the 
one so long occupied by his son, George Kimball, on the west side of Main 



35 S 



HISTORY OF THB TOWN 



Street, ami which )ihs lately been gold for the pnrpom of erectlnga chnrcli on the 
grouDil. 'lliose who aesiateil io buildlog Ihe shop received their pay in black- 
smith log. 

With him his tour youugi^r brothers learned Ihe blacksmith's trade, and 
Brooks Kimbiill, the oldest of the four, was associated with him as partner 
for a number of yeare. 

Fur many year!>he naa closely allied with themanutactaringintereBtBof the 
. t«wu, iiHl<>eil with everything tbiit pertained to Springfield's prosperity and 
advauccmeut. Woollen manufacture llrst engaged his attention, and among 
other indtutries in which he 
was Interested might be 
named the cotton mill, paper 
mill, comb shop, shoe pegs, 
hRmes, etc. About 1840 he 
began the manufacture of 
horse-rakes, which had an 
extensive sale all over the 
country, even to the Paviflc 
coHSt. He continued this 
business while he lived. He 
was also a large contractor 
and builder. He opened up 
new -itreets, and built within 
the limits of the village 
:<t least sixty-five dwelling 
houses. He proposed and 
forwanled many other valu- 
able Improvements, and Mas 
always ready with purse and 
hiinil to make Springfield a 
successful business town, 
and by his bui^lDess energy 
aud enterprise he contrib- 
uted very largely to its 
prosperity aud suircesB. 
He died Nov. 17. 187.=). 
He was for many years 
ciiptain of the art'dlery 
most familiarly known, 




compiiuy. whi-nci'hederiv 
'Taptiiiii Kimball." 



I the title by which he 



iS2.t, Aliljfjil Itisbee of Springlield, daughter of Abner 
m.lil, Nov. 37, ISiK^. Miirlha II. (Wolfe) (Wo«l). Ch.: 
(ieorge Kimball, b, Oct.:!, 1824. Learned blacksmith's trade of Iiia 
father, and carried on the business at the old stand for many years, 
until failing liealih cum|ie1le<I him to retire. He m. Jan. 4, 1848, 
Itindilla M. Cheney. He d. in 1894. Ch.: 
1. Ueoijie Eugene, b. Xov. U, 184B; d. at Everett, Ma»g.,.lan. 19, 
lSil2. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



■2. Lillian L.. l>. Sept. 3, 1895. 
3. Addie A., b. Dec. 2. 18II9; d. July 29, 1864. 
Marcla A., b. July 18, 1827; m. John C. Holmee; d. . 
Francis J., h. Aiig. 24, 1837 ; m. Jan. 1, 1863, Lydia C. 
field. 



it of Spring- 



Aaron 1.. Kirk, son of Wjtltain niid Lydia (Bruce) Kirk, uhs I), at Sprlng- 
fleld, Sept. 6,1828. Hem. 1st. Xnocy D. Spaulding; she d. April 22, 1859; 
m. 2d, Fanny Long, daughter of .loiu-ph aud Gillias (lilcP) Long. Cli. by 2d 
marriage : 

I. Eva B., b. at Springfield, Dec. 2, 186.5. 
II. George Eilgar, b. at .Swaii7«y, N. H., June 6, 1867. 



Dr. Ebrnezer Adahs Knight, 
Knight, was b. In Hancock, N. H., 
private tuatructors in Ilaci- 
copk, S. H., and Boston, 
Mass., attended nicidicul 
lectures at Woodstock, Vt., 
and graduated at the medical 
school in Pittsfleld, Mass. 
lie came to Sprlngllelil hi 
1943 as superiDteodcnt of 
ihe paper mill, which was 
afterward burned, and prac- 
tised In his profession nt 
Hrat ouly as advisory coun- 
sellor. In 1846 he began 
u iDdepeudent practit 



>on of I>eacoQ Aaron and Kebi>fca (Adams) 
Oct. 19, 1819. He studied medicine under 




for twenty-six years was one 
of the leading physirians In 
this vicinity, hHvitig a very 
large practice. Dr. Knight 
was noted Tor his genial 
companionship, his targe- 
hearted generosity, his love 
of the beautiful in art and 
nature, and his deep interest 
in all that was for tlie good 
of the community or of in- 
dividuals, in busiuexH, educa- 
tion, social and religious life. 
He was one of the Hrst in ^^ ebenezer ». knight. 

moving fbr an ac.'ulcmy here, 

and gave bis money, influence and professional lectures for its es- 
tablishraent, and was ever urging the young to secure a higher (-ducation. 
HU patients werehis personal friends, and especially the children. He had 
»n Intuitive perception of disease, hail trained himself to careful observation 
and a closej study of critical cases, and the deman<l for his services far ex- 



360 HISTORV OP THE TOWN 

ceedeil physical eadurauce. Wore out by the arduous dntlcB of Ua profession 
In working for others, his constitution yielded to diseftse, mad be d. Mar 6. 
1872, mourned by all. 

lie married Mary Wheeler, daughter of Nathan and P0U7 Wbeeler, Aug. 2, 
1843, who d. at Elmira, X. V. Ch. : 

1. Mary niieclcr, b. Aug. 38, I8J4; m. Julj 30, 1879, Hon. Eaton H. 
Frisliee of New York, a prominent railroad contractor, and preri- 
dent of the Si'huylkill & Lehigh Valley EUllroad. He d. Nov. 19, 
1893. Ch. : 

1. Josephine, b. ,1880. 

2. Eaton S., b. , 1882. 

II. Nathan \rheeler, b. July 38, 18JQ; drowned in Black River, Dec. 20, 



Dr. Granvillr Kniciit. son of .Aaron and Belinda (Patten) Knight, 
ras l>. ill I.imerich, Mr., July fi. 1836. He came to Springfield in 1S50, and 
studied medicine with his 
uncle. Dr. E. .\. Kniglit, 
flnishing his course ut the 
medical department of Ver- 
mont I'nirersity, Burling- 
ton, VI. lie began the 
practice of his prote^sioD In 
Enfleld, Mats., in Januarr. 
1863. In .\pril, 1867, hi- 
]o«^^ited In Spriugdeld, where 
he soon aciinired a, large 
practice, and was one of thi- 
most iruRtii^l and successful 
physicians of IIip Tlciuity. 
01 a genisl au<l ?ocLil tem- 
perameut, a keen observer in 
his practice, generous and 
obliging in all relations of 
life, he woo for himself 
the contideuce and highest 
estpcni of a large circle of 
patrons. In 188S. his rides 
having become loo hard and 
wearing, he sold his practice 
:iml residence to Dr. A. A. 
' Uaig, and removed to 
Maiden, Mass., where he is 
still a popularaud successful 
practitioner (ISiU). 
,■ of H'eathersHeld. Ch. : 
a successful druggist Id Wellesley, Mass. 




GRANVILLE KNIGHT. 



He Ml. Sept. IB, 1SC2. .VMie H. Ka 
1. llerlM-rtO., b. .4ug.l«,1866; 
II. Charles .Iduins, b. Oil. 17, ] 
III. Fn»nk H.. b. Dec. '.MS". 




C.KLABAREE. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 361 

Laban Knioht was one of the early settlers of this town, and located 
upon the farm afterwards owned by his sou Samuel. He d. in 1855. His wife 
was Margaret Cummings, who d. in 1857. 

Nahum Knight, son of Laban, was b. June 9, 1805; m. April 2, 1831, 
Sarah Williams, daughter of Isaac and Abigail (Kenney) Williams, b. in 
Springfield, Aug. 22, 1815. Nine children. 

Charles K. Labaree, son of William and Parthena Lafoaree, was b. 
in Hartland, Vt., Feb. 16, 1830. At the age of 14 began work in a woollen 
mill at Hartland, Vt., and worked in various mills for manufacture of woollen 
goods till 1849, when he came to Springfield to work for Holmes & Whit- 
more. In July, 1853, he bought the grocery business of Marble Putnam, then 
in the old Hotel Block, and managed so successfully that, after eighteen 
months, he formed a partnership with B. T. Lombard, and bought the dry 
goods and grocery business of B. F. Dana, the firm being C. K. Labaree & Co. 
After two years H. W. lliompson was taken into the company, and the firm 
became Labaree, Lombard & Co., which continued three years, the last two 
of which they did a cash business, with no ledger accounts. 

At the end of three years Mr. Lombard sold his interest, and removed to 
West Randolph, and the firm then became Labaree & Thompson. In 1867 
Mr. Thompson sold out to Mr. Labaree, who continued alone until 1871, when 
he sold to Carpenter & Green, and moved to Charlestown, X. H., going into 
the manufacture of boots and shoes with Briggs & Co. July 1, 1873, he re- 
moved to Webster, Mass., and Was for a number of years in the mercantile 
business for S. Slater & Sons, manufacturers, doing a very large business to 
the satisfaction of all. Later he engaged in business at Bellows Falls. 

Mr. Labaree married Nov. 2, 1852, Alzina M. Royce of Royalton, Vt. Ch. : 
I. Ada M., b. in Springfield, July 4, 1857. 

II. Ella Parthena, b. in Springfield, Dec. 12, 1863. 

III. Charles AVilliam, b. in Springfield, July 9, 1869. 

Maxim Lapountaine, son of Peter and Katharine (Rosco) Lafountaine, 
b. in Canada, Oct. 19, 1827. He is a tailor, and has worked at his trade a 
great many years in Springfield. M. Aug. 19, 1847, Julia Parizo, b. in Can- 
ada, Jan. 6, 1832. Ch. : 

I. Maxim, b. at Colchester, Aug. 19, 1848. He is a machinist, and is 
superintendent in the shop of the Parks & AVoolson Machine Co., 
where he has been many years. He m. July 24, 1871, Sophy Lonzo, 
b. at Winooski, May 8, 1848. Ch. : 

1. Emma Sophy, b. May 11, 1872, at AVinooski. 

2. Augusta, b. Jrnie 21, 1873, at AVinooski. 

3. Maximilian Samuel, b. Sept. 29, 1874, at Springfield. 

4. Julia Mary, b. Sept. 29, 1874, at Springfield. 

5. Ida May, b. Jan. 11, 1876, at Springfield. 

6. George Henry, b. Aug. 28, 1877, at Springfield. 

7. Malvina, b. June 14, 1879, at Springfield. 

8. Josephine, b. Jan. 13, 1881, at Springfield. 

9. Edward James, b. Sept. 27, 1882 ; d. June 17, 1883. 



362 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

10. Eva Grace, b. May 25, 1884. 

11. Florence Alida, b. Jaly 20, 1886. 

12. Edgar Edward, b. Dec. 3, 1888. 

13. Richani Guy, b. Nov. 9, 1894. 
II. Matilda, b. Dec. 30, 1849. 

in. Joseph, b. March 2, 1851. 

IV. William, b. Aug. 4, 1854; d. Jan. 2, 1856. 

V. Charles, b. Aug. 14, 1856; d. June 9, 1858. 

VI. Julia, b. March 10, 1858. 

VII. Mary, b. Jan. 2, 1860. 

VIII. Henry, b. April 1, 1862; m. Sarah Mcllvaine. 

IX. Arminia, b. Sept. 1, 1863. 

X. Francis, b. April 20, 1867. 

XI. Albert, b. Sept. 10, 1868; m. Dec. 14, 1892, Helen Betsey Church of 
Chester. Ch. : 
1. Mark Church, b. Nov. 23, 1893. 

XII. Julia F., b. Feb. 1, 1870, at Spr'mgfield. 

XIII. Sarah, b. Oct. 19, 1871. 

XIV. Thomas P., b. July 1, 1873. 

Augustine Lane, son of Amos and Luania (Amsden) Lane, was b. at 
Reading, Vt., Feb. 28, 1825: m. 1st, Sarah J. Piper; she d. Jan. 24, 1870; m. 
ad, Sarah A. ( Allbe) Herrick, daughter of Lewis and Sarah K. (Thayer) AUbe. 
Ch. by Ist marriage : 

I. Henry A., b. Jan, 7, 1849; d. Oct. 20, 1866. 
II. Ida J., b. Jan. 7, 1855: d. July 9, 1862. 
By 2d marriage : 

III. Albert A., b. Oct. 11. 1872. 

IV. Frank A., h. Oct. 30. iS76. 

Everett Allbe Herrick, son of John S. and Sarah A. (Allbe) Herrick, 
was b. March 3, 1865: m. June 30, 1887, Marion L. Brown. 

Merrill L. Lawrence, son of Artemas and Patty K. (Woodbum) Law- 
rence, b. at Windham, Vt., June 14, 1841. He came to Springfield in 1853, 
and learned the machinist's trade, in the shop of Parks & Woolson, which 
he followed until 18G3, working in Hartford, Conn., Keene, N. H., and Spring- 
field. Then studied vocal music two years, part of the time in Boston. He 
taught two years in the Genesee AVesleyan Institute, at Lima, X. V: then re- 
turned to Springfield, and was two years in the furniture business, the firm 
being Brown & I^iwrence. During these years he held musical conventions in 
various towns of this State and New Hampshire. Afterwards was Deputy 
Sheriff, and employed as book-keeper by Parks & Woolson. In 1880 and 1881 
he was in the livery business, under the firm name of Lawrence, Brink A 
Lovell. Later he entered into the insuniuce business, and is now of the firm 
of Lawrence & Wheeler, insurance and real estate agents. In 1883 he 
was elected to the office of Town Clerk and Justice of the Peace, and appointed 
Notary Public, which ofilces he still retains. For twenty-six years he has 
been continuously leader of the choir, and had charge of the music at the 
Congregational church. He m. July 8, 1867, Kate L. lA>cke, daughter of 




A^t^C't:e'-i7e..t^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 3f)3 

OrcD and Nancy (Williams) Locke, b. at Chester, March 19, 1847. She has 
been for many years organist at the Congregational church. Ch. : 

I. Frederick Locke, b. Jan. 19, 1869 ; composer and teacher of music ; 
graduated at Northwestern University, Chicago, 111., in 1887, taking 
a special course in music, during which time he was one year under 
the instruction of Prof. C. W. Eddy. He is now director of the 
Conservatory of Music at Claverack College, Claverack, X. Y. He 
m. Dec. 24, 1892, Marie Schoonmaker. 
II. Bertha Kate, b. Jan. 22, 1872 ; m. April 28, 1893, AVilliam H. Tinker. He 
is in the banking business at Chicago, III. 

III. Jessie Merrill, b. Sept. 7, 1876 ; studied music at Conservatory of Clav- 

erack College, and was a pupil on violin of Emil Mahr of Boston. 

IV. Alice W., b. Feb. 10, 1880. 

V. Russell L., b. May 19, 1892; d. Sept. 20, 1892. 

WiLLARD L. Lawrence, son of Artemas and Patty K. (Woodburn) Law- 
rence, was b. at Windham, Vt., Nov. 4, 1843; m. June 10, 1874, Mary E. 
Cutler, daughter of Enos B. and Adaline (Whitney) Cutler. Ch. : 
I. Alvin W., b. at Brookline, Vt., Oct. 6, 1878. 

II. Merrill E., b. at Brookline, Vt., July 20, 1880; d. April 24, 1893. 

III. Willard C, b. at Springfield, Dec. 28, 1888. 

Simeon E. Latham, son of Harvey and Jemima (Ellis) Latham, was b. in 
Springfield, Jan 3, 1823; m. Sept. 4,1843, Zilpha Dinsmore, daughter of James 

and Zilpha (Taylor) Dinsmore, b. at Chester, Nov. 19, 1824; shed. . Ch. : 

I. Geraldine T., b. at Springfield, April 8, 1848; m. Sept. 4, 1865, 
George D. Decamp. 

Granville A. Lelaxd, son of Otis and Nancy (Spaulding) Lelaud, was 
b. at Lowell, Vt., Feb. 17, 1830. He is a millwright by trade; res. at North 
Springfield; m. May 28, 1857, Marcia G. Paine, daughter of James and Lucy 
(Ellison) Paine. Ch. : 

I. Hattie J., b. Oct. 21, 1862, at Springfield. 
II. Ida M., b. May 28, 1871, at Springfield. 

Wilbur A. Leonard, son of Jesse W. and Mary (Abbott) Leonard, was 
b. at Woodstock. He m. Jan. 6, 1885, Kate Knight, daughter of Lorenzo and 
Celestia (Austin) Knight. Ch.: 

I. Gladys, b. at Windsor, April 28, 1887. 

Benjamin Lewis was b. in Sterling, Mass., July 24, 1789. He came to 
Springfield about 1810, and taught school. In 1814 he l)ought a farm in the 
west part of the town, now owned by Lyman Whitcomb. He m. Barbara G. 
Stimpson. She d. July 20, 1875. He d. April 20, 1877. Ch. : 

I. George E., b. in Springfield, July 13, 1814. He is a clergyman, was 
ordained to preach in 1860, and for many years preached at the 
Reformed Methodist Church at West Springfield. He has travelled 
over many of the New England and Middle States, supplying 
pulpits of the denomination. He m. Mary Redfield of Springfield. 
Ch.: 



HLSTOBV OF THE TOWK 



I. llpnry E., b. Jaa. 3, 1^40; a carpenter by trade; ke. in Spring- 
field. He m. lal, Jane Burbank: she d. Jan. I, I8S9: m. ad. 
Fell. 8, ]8(K, Angeliiie W ynian. 

i. .lohn T., h. MHrcli 12, 1848. Sen-ed In the 9tb aud lltli Reg'U 
Vermunt Voluiitwrs ; he d. July 6, 1883; m. Sept. 88. 1878. 
.Vchsu Alibuct. 
H. Bcnjnmin A., d. April 30, 1S77. 

III. Joseph S., d. in ^iprin)^eld : left no children. 

IV. Martha A., wi.iow of £dw>trd Davis; rea. in Springfield. 
V. Barbara Eli/alK'tli (<l(vii»^ie<1). in. Samuel O. Walker. 

VI. .folin lliomas, d. at m-». 



VII. William A., h. in SpriiisliHd. 


nnd H 


well-known busineoa man la 




the town. He aened In 






Company D. 9th Keg i % er- 












t>elIlon. ^Vaa for sonic year? 






en<;aged la the rouDufacture 






of o)ium«i. Later, in com- 


n^^ 




pany with Deiter B. Lock- 
n-oixl. he wanasetl the 
fn-lKiitiii}; business, until he 


•-^^•^ 




sold ont to William Love- 
land lu 1894. He hat dealt 




in luinlter. and is at present 


m^ 




ft lar^rt^ ilealer in ooai. 




Me ui. Aug. 29, 1872. I.vtiia 


^jP^^T' 




M. Lovejoy. dau;;hter of 






Henry and Sarah (AHStin' 


^^^^■■jA^^fer ^^^ 




l.ovejoT, li. in Westmi, 


^^^^^^^^^^P^^l 


^ 


Man-h'l3, l!S42. 


^^^^^^^H^Bl^^l 


^ 


llENKV L. I.EON.VRK. f«l> 


^^^^^^^^^^^^K^^^^^^l 


■■ 


..f Eli and Clarissa ^Wapl' 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^k ^^^^H 


n 


I.f(iiiard, was h. in Weaiherft- 


^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^M 


■9 


tield. Got. £t. 1H41: Hi JiiA^ 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^L ^^H 


B 


211.1965. Emma J. FairbaiL-V~ 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


M 


.liiushter of Edwani sV 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^Hj^^Hj 


m\ 


Emily J. (Randall f-^**'' 


^^B^H^^^I^^^Hl^C 


M-± 


hanks. b. In Springft- <^^ 




July 25, 1347. Ch.: 


WILLIAM A. LErtlS. 




I. (Jinnvill- K.. h. m >|.riii)i;llel.l 


St-pt. IS. 1S67. 


11. Alliv (1., b. :it Si.riiiKli'-lJ. Miir 


h 7. isro. 


III. (leorse II.. h. st S,,ri.lElV;l.l. A 


ril 2S. 1S76. 


IV. Ilaitic E., b. at Spriiisflpld. -lui 


e 29. 183-2. 


.■^AMCKi. M. Lkwi.'. sou of K|>limim 


ami Lois (Ransom) Lewis, was b_ J* - 


7fi5, and i-anie to Sprluslit^ld al">Lit 17!il 


|iroba 


ly from Hartford, Conn. »- 



OF SPHINOFIELD, VT. 



father, Ephralm Lewis, wbb a gradual* of Yale College, a teacher and roer- 
chant In CoIchcBter, Conn., and came to SprtDj^Aeld with his son. He d. 
July IS, 18(». 

Samuel H. Lewis was a carpenter by trade. He built Gen. Lewis S. 
Uonis's house, and assisted in building the first Coogregntional meeting-house. 
With David Seymour aod Lester Fling, he built, In 17R8, a. gristmill where the 
present mill of Cobb & Derby etanda. About this time he also built a house 
for himself, where that of F. 6. Ellison stands, and he had an olHce on the 
site of the Methodist church. He wag a large land-owner, aud with his part- 
ner, David Seymour, bought of Gen. Morris a part of the land od the east 
side of the river, where the village was built. lu ISOl he was chosea town 
clerk, aud held the olQce seventeen years, and he was for thirteen years one of 
the selectmen. He was also justice of the pence, and did a large amonot of 
town business in the most satisfactory manner. Next to Simeon Stevens, he 
was probably the most prominent business man of those times. He d. in 
1827, aged 62. 

He m. Nov. 33, 1803, Nancy Oakes of Springfield. Ch. : 
I. Samuel Seymour, b. Sept. 4, 1801, was an Episcopal clergyman iu 
Hobile, Ala. 
H. George Worthington, b. July 1, 1806, was a merchant In Boston. 
Ill, Isaac Matthew, b. 
Sept. 5, 1808; m. 
Leurn Hosklns, 
and settled on the 
farm now owned 
by C. Horace 
Hubbaril. For 
y-flve years 



he V 



i deac< 



, of 



the Congrega- 
tional church. 
Latelnlifehe Aold 
his farm and lived 
on Seminary Hill. 
He d. Xov. 26, 
1S60. An adopted 
daughter : 
1. Minerva E. 
Ijewls.m. Curtis 
Taylor ; res. iu 
Springfield. 
IV. Nancy, b. Sept. U, 
1811, num.; d. 
April 21, 1847. 

Asa LANdSFOiti) was ou<- 
*** the earliest settlerw west 
*>» Seminary Hill. Mr. Isaac 
^^Xuwe says that he lived iu 




CHkRLES A. LELAND. 



3t!6 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



a house that Stood not far from wbem his fatber, Daniel Howe, Ured, twt 
the house was gone before his remembrance. He knows where it wm>. tmt 
the spring, which was stoaed up, Is still to be seen. 

Charles A. Lelaxd, sod of Joshua and Betsejr (Boyntoo) LelMtd, was 
b. at Baltimore, Vt., Nov. 15, 1833. He came to Sprlngfleld 1b 1868, ud ns 
for a lime in business at the North Village. In IHSS he booght tbe atock of 
goods of Cobb & Derbj*, and In company ^th his son, George F., has since 
carried on an extensive trade in dry ^oods,*|frocerie8, and generftl mercfaait- 
dtse. Later they bought the block of Bandall & Henry, added anatber ttiorj, 
and now have a Hoe store and residence in the same building. 

He m. March !M, 1S67, Susaa Farnh&m, daughter of John ftod Slat^ 
(PHrker) Farnham, b. in Springfield, April 35, 1833. Ch. : 

1. George F., b. Jan. 25. I86S. Xow in trade with his bitber, nnder tbe 
firm name ot C. A. 
Leland & Son. He U a 
thorough barioesa nun. 
possessing the con- 
fidence and esteem el 
bis townsmen. He bat 
been honored with po«i- 
tlous of trust, and rep- 
resented the tows in 
the Legislature of if&i. 
He m. Not. 8, ISSl, 
Nellie Fierce, daoj^hter 
of EdsOD X. and Mary 
(Barrett) Pierce. Ch.: 
1. Arthur F., b, Aug. as, 

1886. 
i. Mary Alida, b. .lane 

20,1890. 
.\zorcs LiTCHKiEi.i>, son 
of C'apt. Daniel UtchtleW. 
came to Springfield in 1816. 
from Scituate, Slass., and 
hou^ht a fsrm of his brother 
Josiah, in the west part of 
the town. Afterward movvd 
to llcouderoga, N. V. He 
m. Mercy Cndworth of Co- 
hasset, Mass., who d. June 
21,1839. FlvecbUdren. lie 




■lo-iAii I.iTriiKiKi.ii, sou of Capt. Daniel Litchfield, was born in 1777. 
His father was an officer iu tlie Kevuliiliouary Mar, and a prominent citiseu 
ot Si'ituute, .Mass. II,' was ri-preseutative of the town seven ye»r« in the Gen- 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 367 

eral Court of Massachusetts. Josiah came to this town with l^rez Whit- 
comb from Soituate, about 1798, and they bought the Smiley place, lately 
owned by Smith K. Randel. They afterward sold this, and bought a lot of wild 
land in the west part of the town, and divided it, Mr. Litchfield building 
where Otis Spun* now lives, and Mr. Whit comb taking the farm lately oc- 
cupied by Gushing Whitcomb. About 1817 Mr. Litchfield sold his farm to his 
brother Azotus, and moved on to the hill where Perez Whitcomb now lives, 
where he died in 1849, aged 72. 

He m. Abigail Litchfield, and they had eight children, two of whom 
died young. 

I. James, b. 1796, in Scituate, Mass. ; m. Orpha Aldrich, and went to 

Patten, Canada. Eight children. 
II. Alden, b. Aug. 20, 1798, in Scituate, Mass.; m. Mrs. McClintock. 
Three children. 
He and James Litchfield cleared the farm where James Whitcomb 
now lives, and built the house. Alden afterwards moved to 
Pittsford, Vt. 
ni. Martin, b. Oct. 15, 1799; m. Oct. 27, 1828, Sally Aldrich, daughter of 
Benjamin Aldrich of Springfield, a woman who for intelligence 
and business capacity had no superior and few equals among those 
of her own sex. 
ITiey first located on the farm where Foster Piper now lives, and 
after moved to the farm occupied by Enoch Wetherbee, living on 
the north side of the farm, in a house that has since been torn 
down. ITiey accumulated a large property, and later moved to Aus- 
tin, Minn., where their children had settled. Mr. Litchfield is still 
living (1889) at the age of 90 years. They had five ch. : 
1. William. 2. Sarah. 

3. Abbie. 4. Franklin B. 

5. George. 
All well educated and successful teachers, several of them graduates 
of colleges and prominent in the town of their adoption. 
IV. Sarah, b. 1802: m. Gluey Bates, and lived in Springfield. Four chil- 
dren living. 
V. Daniel, b. 1810; ra. Luthera Estabrook ; now lives in Westmore, Vt. 
Large family of children. 
VI. Ansolum, b. March 14, 1814; m. March 14, 1839, Abigail Bate?, 
daughter of James Bates, and lived on the homestead with his 
father. He was very successful as a farmer, making a business of 
fattening cattle. He secured a competency, and in 1860 he sold 
his farm and moved into the village, having bought a house on 
Seminary Hill. March 14, 1889, Mr. and Mrs. Ijitchfleld celebrated 
their golden wedding, and received the congratulations of a large 
number of friends and relations. Ch. : 

1. Abbie, b. April 30, 1841 ; m. MerrUl Hulett. Two children. 
Abble m. 2d, George Mans. One child. They live in Indian 

Territory. 

2. Carrie, b. April 28, 1862; m. Will F. Stone; res. in Springfield. 
Ansolum Litchfield d. April 16, 1893; his wife d. July 12, 1892. 



368 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

James Litchfield came to Springfield in 1792 from Scituate, Mass., and 
settled near Pudding Hill, west of where Parker Grimes now lives, where he 
bailt a log house and went to farming. After the road was opened in 1796, he 
bought more land of John Barrett and extended his farm to the road, andhuilt 
the house where Horace Kumrill now lives. In 1802 he sold to James Taylor, 
and bought a farm of Lewis & Seymour, on what was then called " Fine 
Hill,*^ where Lincoln Ellis now lives, and here spent the rest of his life. He d. 
May 29, 1856, respected and mourned by all. 

He m. Rebecca Bates, daughter of Levi Bates, who d. July. 26, 1854, aged 
80. Ch.: 

I. Lilhi, b. Sept. 1, 1792; m. Xov. 13, 1808, Gad Bisbee. 
11. Fanny, b. Oct. 29, 1794; d. in infancy. 
III. Joanna, b. Jan. 5, 1797 ; m. June 27, 1823, Lett is Randall, and liTed on 

the homestead, near Pudding Hill. She d. April 13, 1880. 
TV, Otis B. Litchfield, b. Aug. 22, 1798, in the log house built by his father 
near Pudding Hill. He attended the district school until eighteen 
years of age, then taught school winters, and worked on the farm 
summers. He afterwards had a store at the Xorth Village, with 
one Frost. This store was burned, and Mr. Litchfield took charge 
of his father*s farm on the hill, where Lincoln Ellis now lives, and 
after a useful and industrious life, he d. Sept. 2, 1868. 
Before the days of cheese factories, the Windsor County Agricul- 
tural Society offered a premium of $10 for the best six cheese made 
by any one family in the county. Mr. Litchfield, well knowing 
that his wife's cheese was unsurpassed, fleeted six, and carried 
them to the fair. The committee began testing the different entries 
in that department by boring in the usual way, and, after sampling, 
replaced the part taken out so the cheese would look as before. 
Wheu they reached Mr. Litchfield's they found him waiting with 
a loug-bluded cheese knife, and asking the committee to select a 
fair sample, he cut it in quarters, saying, '' This is the way to sam- 
ple cheese," and then distributed generous slices to those standing 
by, as well as to each of the committee, not forgetting to eat a 
large slice himself. All were unanimous in the verdict that it was 
'^ A No. 1," and the premium was taken in triumph by Mr. Litch- 
field. 
He was a man of sound judgment, and his ability was recognize*!, 
lie was lister a number of year?*, and justice of the peace, and his 
opinions on all town and business matters were held in great re- 
spect. He possessed an active mind and great conversational powers, 
and it was his custom to ** lay down the law " on matters in gen- 
eral to those of smaller capacity and le^ss self-confidence. He hati 
a strong voice, and was very willing to do all the talking. If he 
was somewhat dictatorial in his discourses, it might be explained by 
the undisputed assent with which his oracles had long been re- 
ceived. Occasionally, however, he would meet an opponent who 
had not the usual respect for his opinions. '' But e'en though van- 
quished, he could argue still.'' He used large quantities of snuflT, 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 369 

which he carried in his vest pocltet, and, as he waxed warm in 
argument he would take frequent monstrous pinches, which he 
would pass across his nose, inhaling a little of it with a sniff, which 
never broke the thread of his discourse, while the remainder would 
be sent flying, possibl}* in the face of his opponent, and he would be 
likely to be silenced if not convinced. 

Our recollection of him is vivid, as he drove down to the village 
with the old gray mare, dressed in the old-fashioned coat with high 
stiff collar, his large lean frame topped by an intellectually shaped 
head, with deep-set, earnest, piercing eyes, his smooth-shaven face 
carrying evidence of his affection for the snuff-box, — presenting 
a striking and imposing flgure of a gentleman of the olden time. 

Mr. Litchfield m. J^ucy Perkins, daughter of Henry and Mehitable 
(J^add) Perkins, and sister of Gen. John Perkins. She w^as a noted 
housekeeper and a woman of sterling ability and character, — a 
worthy help-mate for such a man as Otis B. litchfield. Their 
home was a model of neatness and good order, where a cordial 
welcome always seasoned the bounty of their well-supplied table. 
Mrs. Litchfield d. Nov. 16, 1863. Ch. : 

1. Helen E. (adopted), m. Lincoln J, Ellis. (See Ellis family.) 

COLBUKN Livingston, son of John and Levina P. (Wood) Livingston, was 
b. in Canada, Jan. 18, 1842; m. Harriet Lock wood, daughter of Cephas and 
Harriet (Glynn) Lock wood. Cli. : 

I. Fanny, b. March 26, 1866; m. Oct. 12, 1887, Willis W. Pratt. 

Deacon Oren Locke was b. Dec. 9, 1798. He came to Springfield 
from Chester in 1852. While in Chester he was deacon of the Congregational 
church there, and was always known in Springfield as Deacon Locke. He d. 
Dec. 19, 1872. He m. 1st, Nov. 28, 1823, Catharine B. Tyler; she d. Jan. 17, 
1841. Ch.: 

I. Ebenezer, b. Sept. 24, 1824. 
II. John, b. Dec. 29, 1826; d. Oct. 18, 1851. 
III. Hannah, b. Aug. 6, 18*28; m. Spencer Leonard. 
rV. Ruth Ann, b. June 5, 1831; m. Rev. Levis Jones. 
V. Mary, b. Nov. 9, 1833 ; d. in infancy. 
VI. Oren, b. Feb. 19, 1835; d. Oct. 6, 1836. 
VII. Oren, b. Jan. 22, 1837. Teacher of piano. AVas for some years at 
Northwestern University, Evanston, 111., later at Washington, D. C. 
VIII. Frederick E., b. April 22, 1839; d. in infanoy. 
Deacon Locke m. 2d, Aug. 19, 1841, Nancy AVilliams, daughter of Col. Jon- 
athan and Betsey (Kidder) Williams. Ch. : 

IX. Frederick D., b. Sept. 9, 1842; d. Aug. 7, 1891. 
X. Harriet N., b. Feb. 28, 1845; unra. ; res. in Springfield. 
XI. Catharine L., b. March 19, 1847; m. Merrill L. Lawrence. 
XII. Clarence W., b. Aug. 29, 1850; studied medicine with Dr. D. W. 
Ilazelton and Dr. Granville Knight of Springfield; graduated from 
medical department of University of Vermont ; now in practice at 
Saxton River, Vt. 
XIII. George P., b. Oct. 12, 1855; d. June 9, 1862. 



370 mSTORY OF THE TOWN 

LOCKWOOD FAMILY. 

" TuiuM in wndji** — Secure against the waves. 

This family was one of the most numerous in the history of Springfield. 
Robert Lockwood, ancestor and progenitor of doubtless the whole family in 
the New World, emigrated as one of the Pilgrim Fathers, from England, 
about 1630, to America, and settled at Watertown, Mass., where he was made 
freeman March 9, 1636-37, and where six of his ten children were lx>rD: 
he removed to Fairfield, C^un., where he d. 1658. Susannah, his wife, d. at 
Greenwich, Conn., Dec. 23, 1660. 

Lieut. Gershom lockwood, sixth child of Robert and Susannah Lockwood, 
b. at Watertown, Mass., Sept. 6, 1643, was one of the twenty-seven proprie- 
tors of Greenwich, where he d. March 12, 1718 or 1719. His wife was Lady Ann 
Millington, daughter of Lord Thomas Millington of England, a lady who. 
failing in her pursuit to find in this country her lover, a British army of- 
ficer, had taught school in Greenwich. Names of seven of their children 
are recorded. 

Abraham Lockwood, b. at Greenwich, Conn., 1669 or 1670 ; move<l to Old War- 
wick, R. L : d. January, 1747. He m., 1693, Sarah Wescott, daughter of Amoi^ 
and Deborah (Staftbrd) Wescott. 'ITiere were five or more children. Of thes*' 
Abraham, 2d, was b. at Warwick, R. 1., about 1707; live<l at Cranston, R. I. ; d. 
1762; his wife, Mary , d. 1766. Ch. : 

Abraham, William, Joseph, Jacob, Damaris. 

Of these, William and Jacob settled in Springfield, Vt. 

William Lockwood, the first of the name to settle in this town, son of 
Abraham and Mary Lockwoo<l, and grandson of Abraham and Sarali (Wes- 
cott) Lockwood, was b. in Cranston, R. L, in 1730. He came to Springfield 
in 1772, with his wife and ten children. He bought of Timothy Spencer lot 
Xo. 2, and of Col. John Barrett lot Xo. 20, the latter including the site of 
the present village. He built a log cabin near the falls, and soon after a saw- 
mill. Later he built a block house near where the late George W. Porter's 
residence stands. He and his sous cleared up the land, sawed lumber for 
buildings, and erected a gristmill on the west side of the river. Afterward 
he sold one half interest in the mills to his son Henry, and bought land on 
the east side of the river, now owned by W. H. H. Putnam, including the 
present cemetery ground, which he deeded to the town in 1793. He built the 
Lovell house, now owned by W. H. H. Putnam : it stood on the other side of 
the road, and was moved to its present site. 

He was a member of the Free Will Baptist church and active in its organi- 
zation. He was an enterprising, industrious and honest man, and to him and 
his descendants Springfield owes no small part of its early and later pro^ 
perity. He d. Xov. 27, 1801. His wife was Sarah ^\Tiite of Cranston, K. I. 
Ch. : 

I. Abraham, b. April 19, 1751 : m. 1st, Lydia Pollard; he m. 2d, March, 
1814, Sarah Sawtelle, daughter of Michael Sawtelle. Ch. bj- 1st 
marriage : 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 371 

1. Roxalana, b. Sept. 19, 1770; m. Jedediah Sawyer. 

2. David, b. Sept. ^, 177^; d. 1803. 

3. Parroteen, b. Sept. 18, 1774; m. Sewell Newton. 

4. Lavina, b. July 15, 1776. 

5. Amy, b. July 1, 1778. 

6. Charles, b. Dec. 28, 1780. Twice married. Second wife was Lucy 

Lewis. Ann, daughter by Ist marriage, m. Hatch Marcy. 
2d marriage with Sarah Sawtelle. Ch. : 

7. David, b. March 7, 1816; m. Ist, Mary Ann AVoodard, daughter 

of Seth and Hannah (Howe) Woodard. She d. Sept. 10, 1860. 
Ch.: 
(1). Lucretia H., b. May 1, 184S; m. Sept. 26, 1865, David N. 

Tolles; res. in Brattleboro. She d. Dec. 17, 1869. 
(2). Charlevah, b. Jan. 24, 1846; d. in infancy. 
(3). Freedom David, b. June 24, 1853; d. Feb. 25, 1856. 

(4). William Freedom, b. March 5, 1866; d. ,^ 

M. 2ii, Delia (Shepard) Fletcher, daughter of Justus and Thank- 
ful Fletcher of Chester. Ch. : 
(5). George David, d. in infancy. 
II. Isaac, b. April 20, 1753; enlisted in Col. John Barrett's company in 
1776 ; d. in the war. 
III. Jacob, b. Oct. 15, 1756; he m. Esther Field; she d. Feb. 21, 1832; he 
d. July 27, 1819. He was a large landowner, having some eight 
hundred acres on both sides of Black River. He built a large house 
on the west side of the river, and kept tavern. There were 
fifteen children. 

1. Anna, b. Nov. 9, 1777. 

2. Daniel, b. Jan. 29, 1779; moved to Woodstock. 

3. Samuel, b. March 13, 1781; m. 1st, Ruth Bellows; 2d, Polly Bel- 

lows, July 16, 1813 ; 3d, Sally House. Ch. : 
(I). Seymour, b. March 21, 1805; d. Oct. 28, 1889; m. Lucy Al- 
bee, daughter of John and Sophia (Smith) Albee. Ch. : 
[1]. Juliette, b. June 14, 1832; m. Nov. 7, 1860, George C. 

Whitcomb. 
[2]. Horatio, b. July 13, 1835; m. Sept. 29, 1861, Ellen A. 

Hall ; he d. April 2, 1865. 
[3J. Mary M., b. Sept. 8, 1848; m. Nov. 4, 1866, James F. 
Robey ; res. in Springfield. 
('2). Asubah, m. Nov. 5, 1823, Cummings P. Whitcomb. 
(3). Abigail, m. Sullivan Case; moved west. 

4. Ezekiel, b. Jan. 19, 1783; m. Sarah Bemis, daughter of Silas and 

Olive (Spencer) Bemis. Ch. : 
(1). Angelina, b. Dec. 28, 1809; d. Dec. 26, 1811. 
(2). Elijah, b. Jan. 28, 1811; m. Dec. 25, 1834, Daphne Taylor. 
She d. May 23, 1878. Ch. : 
[1]. Bryant N., b. Sept. 30, 1838; m. Vesta N. Putnam, 
(laughter of Joseph D. and Sarah Putnam. Ch. : 



372 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Elmer Bryant, b. Aug. 25, 1861 ; m. Esther Gould. 
Edward L., b. Dec. 15, 1862. 
Geor^ H., b. July 21, 1866. 
Julia C, b. May 1, 1868; m. George E. I^ng. 
Jennie D., d. Aug. 7, 1871. 
[2]. I^stina, m. Charles G. Herrick. She d. May 10, 1888. 
[3]. Dexter Bates, served in the War of the Rebellion iu 
Co. K, 16th Reg't Vermont Volunteers; res. in 
Springfield. Was for some years member of the 
firm of Lockwood & Lewis, teaming and freighting. 
He m. Hattie Graham. 
[4]. Hoyt Benjamin, member of Co. K, 16th Reg't Ver- 
mont Volunteers : m. Lizzie Hubbard : res. in Spring- 
field. Ch.: Nellie, m. W. H. Deal. Ch.: Xeta 
Catherine, b. Oct. 14, 1893. 
(3). Benjamin Hojrt, b. May 23, 1812; m. Hannah (Crocker) 

Newhall. He d. in 1837 in Springfield, 111. 
(4). Anna, b. Oct. 27, 1814: m. Henry Harlow. He d. in I^nd- 

grove. She res. in Lacrosse, Wis. 
(5). Dexter Bates, b. Nov. 3, 1816; d. unm. 
(6). Angelina B., b. Jan. 4, 1818; m. Stephen C. Parker; Yea. ia 

Fayston, Vt. 
(7). Moses, b. July 21, 1819; m. Esther Glynn, daughter of 
'lliomas and Ada (Lockwood) Glynn. Ch. : 
[1]. Moses Hamlin : m. Jane Glynn. Ch. : Julia, £ldridge« 

Byron. 
[2]. Addison. 
(8). Susannah, b. March 7, 1821 ; m. Lincoln Lockwood. She d. 

at Fayston, March 10, 1857. 
(9). Alniird W., h. Feb. 20, 1823; m. Lyman Lockwood, son of 
Joshua and Leplie lx)ckwood. He d. Sept. 7, 1870. She 
ni. 2d, X(>v. 23, 1873, Myron C. Munson. 
[1]. Hiul P., son by 1st marriage, b. March 20, 1853: m. in 
November, 1875, .losephine Hall; res. in Springfield. 
(10). Esth(M- Augusta, b. Oct. 30, 1824 ; m. John D. Ward. He d, 
June 30, 1884. Ch. : 
[1]. May Augusta, b. July 10, 1846; m. March 11, 1873, 

Wesley Putnam. 
[2]. .Julia Jane, b. Sept. 26, 1855; d. Sept. 28, 1863. 
(11). Daniel, d. in infancy. 

(12). Sarah Jane, b. March 25, 1830: m. Pliney Emerson Lock- 
wood, son of Sebray Lockwood ; res. in Fayston. 
(13). Ezekiel Dean, b. May 2, 1833; m. SaUna Howard. He d. 
June 11, 1871. Ch. : 
[1]. Marion E., b. March 3, 1857; m. Monroe E. Adams; 
res. in Springfield. (See Adams.) 

5. Anne, b. May 7, 1785: m. Luke Brown. 

6. Elijah, b. April 21, 1787; d. Aug. IG, 1790. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 373 

7. Elisha, b. Feb. 12, 1789; m. Phebe Huntly. 

8. Abigail, b. Feb. 25, 1791; m. Waters Chilson; res. at Hcondei- 

oga, X. Y. 

9. John, b. Feb. 8, 1793; m. April 10, 1814, Lynda ; went west. 

Ch.: 
(1). Diantha, b. Jan. 9, 1816. 
(2). Diana, b. June 9, 1817. 
(3). John Romanzo, b. May 8, 1820. 
Also others. 

10. Luther, b. Feb. 11, 1795; m. Jan. 25, 1816, at Baltimore, Rebecca 

Butterfield. Ch. : 
(1). George Butterfleld, b. Dec. 26, 1816. 
(2). HaiTlet, b. July 8, 1818 ; m. Sept. 21, 1843, Roderick Glynn ; 

res. Saxton's River. 
(3). Luclnda, m. David Eaton. 

(4). Octavia; d. . 

(5). Cynthia. 
Also others. 

11. Largin, b. Jan. 1, 1797; m. 1st, Rebecca Weaver, daughter of 

William and Lydia (Lockwood) Weaver; she d. In 1847; ni. 
2d, Widow Hannah (Ellison) Lockwood at Woodstock ; m. 3d, 
AVidow Sarah (Bemis) Lockwood; she d. Sept. 2, 1869. 

12. Lewis, b. Dec. 8, 1788; m. Betsey Ellison; he d. May 31, 1862; 

she d. Oct. 17, 1866, aged 65. Ch. : 
(1). Elzina, b. Sept. 3, 1822; m. Oilman Wetherbee; res. in 

Springfield. 
(2). Lorenzo, d. in infancy. 
(3). Seymour, b. Jan. 7, 1826; d. Sept. 22, 1863. He m. Chloe 

Bugbee. Ch. : 
[1]. Paulina, m. Miles Clark. 
(4). Ann R., b. March 29, 18'28; m. Mai-vin J. Cook. 
(5). liOrenzo Dow, b. March 30, 1830. 
(6). Elizabeth, d. young. 
(7). Elvira, b. Dec. 3, 1833. 
(8). Susan Helen, b. June 15, 1835; m. Martin A. Stowell; re.-*. 

in Keene, N. H. 
(9). Abble J., b. Nov. 16, 1841 ; m. Walter Robey ; res. in Keene, 

N. H. 
(10). Jennie Esther, b. May 20, 1843; m. Junius O. Perkins. 

She d. 1886. 

13. Enoch, b. March 8, 1800; m. Josephine Pearl. He d. Nov. 14, 

1833. Ch. : 
(I). Enoch, b. Nov. 16, 1833. 
AVidow Josephine (Pearl) Lockwood m. 2d, Alonzo, son of 

Joshua Lockwood. 

14. Lyman, b. March 18, 1802. 

15. Luthana, b. Nov. 23, 1806; m. Sept. 19, 1824, Lyman Taylor; res. 

in Waitsfield. 



'S74: HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

IV. Joseph, b. ; m. Lydia White. Ch. : 

1. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 11, 1782. 

2. Sarah, b. Sept. 23, 1783. 

3. Philadelphia, b. Nov. 4, 1787. 

Joseph bought land of his brother Abraham, lived on it a while, th^n 
went to the State of Xew York, lliis land was sold in 1794 to 
Thomas Schofield, who sold it to Abel Brown in 1795. Abel Brown 
sold it to his brother Elisha, who gave it to his son Jonathan, Oct. 
3, 18-25. 
V. Henry, b. June 14, 1762; d. Jan. 1, 1839. He m. Ist, Feb. 17, 1785, 
Esther Smith. Ten ch. : 
1. Joshua, b. Dec. 15, 1786 ; d. Feb. 27, 1836 ; m. Lephe Taylor. She 
d. Jan. 16, 1863. Ch. : 
(1). Jonas Taylor, b. Sept. 4, 1808 ; m. 1st, Ix)rena Ellison. Ch. : 
[1]. Lorena, b. April 30, 1831; m. Cyrus Walker; res. in 

l.udlow. 
M. 2d, Oct. 24, 1833, Amy Newton. Ch. : 
[2]. Kollin, d. in infancy. 
[3]. Anne Maria, b. Sept. 14, 1835; m. Sylvester Winslow. 

He d. April 22, 1888, at North Springfield. 
[4]. Dolly A., d. in infancy. 
[5] . Maria Abigail, d. in infancy. 
[6]. Xenophon E., b. June 8, 1840; m. Nov. 2, 1864, Sarah 

L. Robinson ; res. Meriden, N. H. 
[7]. Clarinda J., b. May 19,1842; m. Henry M. Church; 

res. Gassett's. 
[8]. Achsa Lucinda, b. Jan. 16, 1845; m. 1st, Almeron 

Gowing; m. 2d, Benjamin Kendall. 
[0]. May Eliza, b. Dec. 8, 1846 ; m. Ist, John Lowell Bemis ; 
m. 2d, — Brown ; res. Derby. 
[10]. Myron Parker, b. Dec. 0, 1848. 
Jonas Taylor Lockwood m. 3d, Harriet C. Garfield. IK* 
d. June 16, 1867, in Wisconsin. Ch. by 3d marriage : 
[11]. Amy Lucretia, d. iu infancy. 
[12]. Martha Lucretia, b. June 10, 1851. 
C2). Xenophon, b. July 3, 1810; d. Nov. 16, 1831. 
(3). Augustus, b. Aug. 26, 1812; m. 1st, Nov. 9, 1837, Lucinda 
Abigail Wade, daughter of George and Lucinda (Griswold) 
Wado. She d. Nov. 28, 1866. Ch. : 
[1]. Frederick Augustus, b. Aug. 21, 1838. A Baptist 
clergyman ; preached at Fall River, Mass., a number 
of years, also at Boston and Newton, Mass. He was 
connected with the large firm of the Lockwood 
Manufacturing Company of East Boston, Mass., 
aud interested in the Cape Cod Canal project. He 
m. March 4, 1861, Hattie A. Higgins of Oberlin, 
Ohio ; res. at 250 Lexington Street, East Boston, 
Mass. ; he d. March 3, 1895. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 375 

[2]. Ell AddiBon, b. Oct. 28, 1839; d. Sept. 15, 1860. 
[3]. Loradine Abigail, b. Nov. 2, 1840; m. Jerome Alvin 
Spafford, b. in Springfield, Feb. 14, 1843, son of 
William Hull and Eliza Margarette (Rumrill) Spaf- 
ford. 
[4]. Josephine Almira, b. March 21, 1842; m. James O. 

Smith. She d. at Chester, June 22, 1870. 
[5]. Emlaeon Asenath, b. Aug. 23, 1843; m. Oct. 24, 1865, 

in Springfield, Hiram R. BoUes ; res. Chester. 
[6]. Ruth Adela, b. March 12, 1845 ; m. Dec. 24, 1867, Har- 

lar Harmon Whittaker ; res. Gassett's. 
[7]. Arthur Ilosea, b. Feb. 16, 1847; m. Aug. 7, 1870, 
Arvilla Lucy Earle, daughter of Lorenzo H. and 
Lucy A. (Snell) Earle. 
[8]. Hamlin Francis, b. March 12, 1850; m. April 2, 1873, 
Minerva Rhoda Thompson, daughter of Timothy 
and Rhoda (Edson) Thompson ; res. in Chester. 
[9]. Marion Althea, b. Oct. 21, 1852; m. Jan. 8, 1874, Tyler 
Lorenzo Earle, son of Lorenzo H. and Lucy A. 
(Snell) Earle ; res. in Chester. 
[10]. Jessie Rosabelle, b. Dec. 8, 1855; m. Nov. 30, 1881, 

Morris W. Cook. She d. June 4, 1883. 
[11]. Nellie Imogene, b. Oct. 10, 1857; ni. Nov. 30, 1882, 
Walter Harlar Morse, son of Colbert A. and Susan 
A. (Whittaker) Morse; res. at Proctorsville. 
Augustus Lockwood m. 2d, July 29, 1869, in Weathersfield, 
Rhoda, widow of Timothy Thompson, and daughter of 
Isaiah and Amy (Reed) Edson, b. in Springfield, April 26, 
1820. 
(4). George Sumner, b. March 24, 1816 ; d. April 5, 1867. 
(5). Lenora, b. Oct. 23, 1816; m. Abijah Going of Weathersfield. 

She d. Oct. 23, 1852. 
(6). Lyman, b. April 23, 1819; d. Sept. 7, 1870; m. Sept. 11, 1842, 
Almira Wealthy Lockwood, daughter of Ezekiel Lock- 
wood. Ch. : 
[1]. A son, d. in infancy. 

[2]. Hiland Lyman, b. July 28, 1844; d. July 4, 1846. 
[3]. Jane Almira, b. Jan. 6, 1846; m. June 18, 1864, Robert 
Clark Allen, son of Robert and Eliza (Doolittle) 
Allen. She d. April 29, 1867. 
[4] . Rachel Alvina, b. May 7, 1847 ; d. June 23, 1863. 
[5]. Hiland, b. June 15, 1849 ; d. Sept. 15, 1853. 
[6]. Hial Parker, b. March 20, 1853 ; m. Oct. 31, 1875, Mary 
Josephine Hall of Afton, N. Y. Ch. : 
Loren Elbridge, b. Nov. 23, 1876. 
Ervin Lyman, b. July 30, 1878. 
William Hall, b. Oct. 12, 1879. 
Ethel Josephine, b. Dec. 1, 1881. 



376 ' HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Isaac Long, b. Dec. 1, 1884. 
Clareace Hiland, b. Aug. 18, 1887. 
Koy BeajamiD, b. Sept. 16, 1890. 
[7]. Lura Ann, d. July 30, 1863. 

Mrs. Almira T..ockwood m. 2d, Myron C. Munson ; res. in 
Springfield. 
(7). Alonzo, b. Sept. 30, IS21, at Norwich; m. Josephine (Pearl) 
Lockwood, widow of Enoch J..ockwood. He d. at Tlcon- 
deroga, N. Y., July 14, 1886. Ch. : 
[1]. Francis, b. Sept. 12, 1842; m. Ella Imogene Snell. 
daughter of Nelson A. and Emily Jane (McColHster ) 
Snell of Chester; res. in Springfield. Ch. : 
Eugene Francis, b. Feb. 19, 1874. 
Edna lola, b. Aug. 7, 1877. 
[2]. Lucia, b. April 2, 1844; m. Nathaniel Bright : res. in 

Ticonderoga, N. Y. 
[3]. Augusta, b. Dec. 3, 1845; m. Joseph Davis: res. iu 
Ticonderoga, N. Y. 

[4]. Abbie, b. ; m. John Hunsdon (deceased). 

(S). Lephe, b. Jan. 26, 1824; m. Willard Dutton at Norwich. 

She d. in Weathersfield, Oct. 20, 1853. 
(9). Parker, b. March 19, 1827: d. May 10, 1850. 
(10). Rachael, b. May 28, 1828: m. Jerome W. Herrick. 
(11). Daniel, b. June 10, 1830; m. Esther Holt. Cli. : 

[1]. Cora N., b. July 5, 1858; m. May 18, 1876, Fred W. 
l^ndon. 
(12). Joshua, b. July 2, 1833; m. Calista Stone. He d. June LS, 

1863. 
(13). Lucy, b. Nov. 23, 1835 : m. Oct. 13, 1867, Robert Oark Alien. 
She d. Nov. 7, 1868. 

2. Koxauna, d. iu infancy. 

3. Henry, b. Jan. 30, 1791; m. Sept. 8, 1811, Polly Huey. Moved 

west. 

4. Anna, b. June 10. 1793 : d. in infancy. 

.'). Aniasa, b. Aug. 16. 1794: m. Ist, June 8, 1815, Henrietta Wescott. 
Shed. Nov. 19, 1841. Ch. : 

(1). Aldeu, d. young. 

(2). Emily, b. Jan. 16, 1818; m. 1st, Mills Redfield: m. 2d. 
Franklin Bowen : ni. 3d, Harvey M. Butler. 

(3). Sabrina, b. Sept. 16, 1819; m. Hosea Brown ; res. Armour* 
Dakota. 

(4). Juliette, b. Sept. 13, 1823: m. Turner Brown. She d. at 
Huntley, 111. 

(5). Marietta, b. May 1, 1825: m. May 28, 1852, Dr. Micajah 
Martin ; res. at North Springfield. 

(6). Ryland, d. in infancy. 

(7). Ellen, b. July 29, 1828: m. Lindall Freeman. She d. Jan- 
uary, 1884, in Illinois. 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 377 

(8). Gracia, b. Jan. 30, 1830; m. Ambrose Wheeler. 
(9). Lucretia, b. Dec. 11, 1832; m. Isaac Mason, res. Illinois. 
(10). Lucy Jane, b. Dec. 16, 1834; m. Ansel B. Mason (deceased). 
(11). Susan, b. March 11, 1836; m. Henry Haffey ; res. in Illinois. 
(12). Abbie Catharine, b. Sept. 1, 1838; d. April 1, 1843. 
(13). Charles Wescott, b. Sept. 19, 1841; m. Sarah Mason; res. in 

Nebraska. 
Amasa Lockwood m. 2d, Polly Barrett. She d. in Illinois. He m. 
3d, May, 1865, Marietta (Leet) .fohnson. He d. in Weathersfield, 
Jan. 1,1863. 

6. Ada, b. May 1, 1797 ; m. Thomas Glynn. 

7. Esther, b. June 9, 1801 ; m. Philander Blodgett. 

8. Nancy, b. Aug. 17, 1804; m. Joseph G. Glynn; res. at North 

Springfield. 

9. Lorinda, b. Jan. 31, 1808; m. Hiram Stanley. 

10. Nelson, b. April 13, 1812 ; m. Hannah Lockwood. 

Henry Lockwood m. 2d, March 10, 1816, Widow Sarah Schofleld. 
Ch.: 

11. Fatiua, d. in infancy. 

12. Sarah, b. March 16, 1818; m. George Randall. She d. in Spring- 

field. 
Henry Lockwood m. 3d, Clarissa Newton. ITiere was an adopted 

daughter, Hannah, who ni. Samuel A. Glynn. 
VI. Benoni, b. Feb. 26, 1764. He settled at the north village, where he 
had a brickyard, claimed by some to be the first in town. He had 
no schooling, but was a natural mathematician, computing in his 
mind without the aid of figures with wonderful accuracy. He d* 
in 1820. He m. Mary Williams. She was b. Sept. 5, 1768, and d. 
in 1834. There were seventeen children, only seven living to 
adult age. 

1. Reuben, b. Jan. 9, 1783. He was a carpenter, a natural mechanic, 

employed for all difficult mechanical work. He m. Caty 
McClintock, and went to St. George, Vt., where he was promi- 
nent in public afiairs. Afterwards moved to Ohio. 

2. Smith, b. Jan. 17, 1786. 

3. Benoni, 2d, b. Nov. 12, 1786. He fitted for college, studying by 

the light of pine knots, and went to Middlebury College. He 
settled at the north village and was a prominent citizen. Was 
a surveyor and justice of the peace ; was known as Esquire 
Benoni Lockwood. He d. in November, 1863 ; m. Phebe Arnold. 
She d. in 1866. Ch. : 
(1). Louisa, b. September, 1814; m. Horace Buudy of Lowell, 

Mass. 
(2). Lucy Ann, b. Sept. 2, 1817; m. Major Dodge. 
(3). Leland W., b. Aug. 16, 1819; m. Elsie Howard. 
(4). Cephas Arnold, b. April 12, 1822; m. Dec. 8, 1842, Harriet 
Warner Glynn, daughter of Joseph and Nancy (Lock- 
wood) Glynn. He d. Sept. 18, 1880. Ch. : 



87.S HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

[1]. Harriet Amelia, b. Sept. 16, 1844; m. Nov. 13, 18^, 

Colbum Livingston. 
[2]. Leander Cephas, b. July 14, 1846; m. 3Ia^gie Wiley; 

res. in Boston, Mass. 
[3]. Charies Henry, b. Oct. 31, 1848; d. April 5, 1854. 
[4]. Lucy Ann, b. July 22, 1851 ; d. Jan. 20, 1864. 
(5). John Wesley, b. Dec. 8, 1824; lived for a time in North 
Springfield ; prominent in business and town aftairs : was 
selectman from 1870 to 1874. He m. Ist, Elizabeth 
Burke ; 2d, Rachel Ellison : 3d, Ann Eliza Blanchard. 
rfi). Tx>reuzo Dow, b. in 1827: m. Elizabeth Glynn, daughter of 
Joseph and Nancy (Lockwood) Glynn. Ch. : 
[1] . Benoni, b. Dec. 12, 1847 ; m. Martha Livingston, daugh- 
ter of John and Almira (Wood) Livingston. Oi. : 
Walter H., b. March 22, 1867. 
Willie D., b. Jan. 11, 1871. 
Minnie L , b. Nov. 3, 1873. 
[2]. Nancy, m. George Lawton: res. Bellows Falls. 
[3]. Charles Henry, b. July 10, 1854; m. Jan. 1, 1872, Ida 
Fiunigan, daughter of John and Milly (Fairbanks) 
Finnigan. Ch. : 
John Edward, b. June 8, 1873. 
Clyde Ernest, b. April 3, 1875. 
Ethel, d. in infancy. 
Edith Maude, b. May 31, 1880. 
Arthur Lorenzo, b. Jan. 14, 1883. 
Guy Allen, b. Oct. 12, 1884. 
Bernice May, b. Oct. 7, 1885. 
Carrie Belle, d. in infancy. 
Bertha Eva, b. July 30, 1888. 
Charles l^roy, b. Dec. 1, 1889. 
4. Timothy, b. July 28, 1788*; ni. Jan. 10, 1811, Abigail Tobey. She 
d. Aug. 20, 1828. Ch. : 
(1). Son, d. in infancy. 
(2). Son, d. in infancy. 
(3). Hiram L., b, March 3, 1814; m. 1st, Fanny Bisbee; 2d, 

Hannah Smith ; res. Kansas. 
(4). Nelson IL, b. Aug. 25, 1816: d. Jan. 23, 1819. 

(5). Alvin T., b. Oct. 23, 1818; m. Abigail Barnes. She d. . 

He ni. 2d, Ada T. Ward; res. in Weathersfield. 
(6). Timothy T., b. June 11, 1821; m. Naomi Smith. He d. in 

California, Dec. 13, 1883. 
(7). Achsa A., b. Aug. 30, 1823; d. Aug. 29, 1843. 
(8). Bathsheha B., b. Oct. 26, 1825; m. Sylvester Ellison; res. 

North Springfield. 
(9). Silas, b. July 28, 18*28; m. Ellen Smith. 
Timothy lx)ckwood m. 2d, Lucinda Spencer. She d. Sept. 19, 
1865. He d. Dec. 15, 1865. Ch. by last marriage : 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 379 

(10). Orpha X., b. Oct. 24, 1831 ; m. Ezekiel W. Daly of Pittsfovci. 
(11). Esther, d. young. 

(12). Benoni, b. Nov. 23, 1834; m. April 2, 1854, Elvira Lock- 
wood, daughter of LewiB and Betsey (Ellison) Lockwood. 
He died. She resided at House's Point, N. Y. Six children. 
5. James, b. Oct. 13, 1790; m. Ist, Hannah Ellison. She d. in 1865. 
He m. 2d, Eleanor (Burgess) Barnes. He d. in Springfield. Ch. : 
(1). Ira, b. May 15, 1822; m. Sept. 10, 1847, Abby Parker, 
daughter of Kobert and Annie (Harlow) Parker. Ch. : 
[1]. Henry, b. in Rockingham, June 22, 1848. 
[2]. Hattie, b. in Springfield, May 24, 1852; m. Thomas 

Hobson. 
[3]. Alma, b. at Charlestown, N. H., Nov. 18, 1854; m. Ho- 

roaine Holden. 
[4]. Nellie, b. in Springfield, Sept. 22, 1861; m. Rodney 
Gould. 

6. Hannah, d. in infancy. 

7. Esther, b. Feb. 4, 1794; m. — Chase. 

8. Mary, b. Oct. 23, 1795. 

9. Polly, b. May 4, 1797. 

10. Damaris, b. Dec. 10, 1799. 

11. Stephen | ^^..^ ^^ ^ ^ ^3, 1801. 

12. Caleb i ' ' 

13. Rhoda, b. Nov. 27, 1804; m. Martin Griswold. She d. at North 

Springfield in 1887. 

14. Aaron, b. Jan. 14, 1807. 

15. Micah O., b. May 12, 1809. 

16. Ira E., b. Feb. 2, 1811. 

VIL William, Jr., m. the widow of Asa Barnes. He d. March 31, 1794. 
Ch.: 

1. James, b. May 22, 1788. 

2. Jacob, b. Nov. 24, 1789. 

3. Abel, b. June 22, 1791 ; m. Anna Adams. 

4. William, b. June 29, 1793. 

William Lockwood built a house on the south side of Pudding Hill, 
so called, where he lived. 
VIII. Lydia, m. June 30, 1791, William Weaver. 
IX. Sarah, m. John Williams. 
X. Ruth, m. Benjamin Olney. Ch. : 

1. Enos, b. March 22, 1791. 

2. Theoda, b. Oct. 16, 1792. 

3. Abraham, b. Oct. 4, 1794. 

XI. Damaris, m. Dec. 27, 1787, Daniel Avery. 
XII. Phebe, m. Oct. 14, 1784, John Cummings. 

Jacob Lockwood, son of Abraham and Mary Lockwood, and brother of 
William Lockwood, who first settled where Springfield village now stands, 
came from Rhode Island to Springfield in 1778, six years later than his 



380 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

brother. He located just south of the present village of North SpringfiekL 
on the farm since owned by John Pierce and later by Edson X. Pierce. It U 
said that he was a sailor in early life, and while on a voyage one of hU feet 
w^as frozen, which necessitated amputation. He then learned the tailor*^ 
trade, and worked at it the rest of his life. In the later years of his Ufe he 
was known as ^^ Tailor Lock wood,** to distinguish him from his nephew 
Jacob, who lived on the opposite side of Black Kiver. He d. Aug. 31, 1S07. 
His wife was Anna Blanchard. She was b.July 25, 1736; d. March 29, 1816. 
Ch.: 

r. Mary, b. Dec. 30, 1750. 
II. Eleazer, d. young. 
111. Anna, b. May 8, 1756. 
W, Francis, b. Oct. 22, 1758. 

V. Abraham, b. Jan. 9, 1761; m. Bethiah Field. He d. April 21. 1831. 
He was a prominent member of the Free Baptist church, and 
clerk of the same. He had a cousin (son of William) by the same 
name, and they were distinguished from [each other in a novel way. 
Abraham went one day to the woollen mill for some cloth he had 
left there to be fulled. On returning his wife told him he had 
brought the wrong cloth. Consequently he carried it back, asking 
the foreman at the mill how he made the mistake. ^^ That is not 
strange,*' he replied, ^^ when you and your cousin have the same 
name.'* ** Then call me ' black head,' and my cousin ' yellow head,* ** 
said Abraham, and they were ever after known by these names. Ch. : 

1. Ashael, b. Sept. 6, 1782 ; d. in infancy. 

2. Nathan, b. Sept. 22, 1784 ; m. Phebe Place ; lived at North Spring- 

field until 1819, when he moved to Potsdam, N. Y. He d. in 
1861. His wife d. in 1834. Six children; one son, Aldis L., 
now living in Potsdam. 

3. Kobe, d. young. 

4. Amos, b. March 12, 1788 ; m. Feb. 8, 1810, Zeruah Bemis. 

5. Hannah, b. May 3, 1790. 

6. Aseuath, d. young. 

7. Elsa, b. Feb. 4, 171>9; m. Frederick Temple, Jr. 

8. Koswell, b. Sept. 2, 1800; m. — \\lieeler. Ch. : 
(1). Daniel, d. unm. 

(^2;. Catharine, ni. Abner Hale; she d. at North Springfield 
about 1890. 

9. Asenath, b. Nov. 23, 1807. 
VI. Lillis, b. Jan. 31, 1763. 

VII. Amos, b. March 1, 1765 ; m. April 10, 1788, Elizabeth Lee ; she d. Jan. 
26, 1810. He m. 2d, June 30, 1811, Martha Le^iiis. She fell from a 
precipice on the east side of Skitchewaug mountain, in Spring- 
field, and was killed, Aug. 14, '1818, while berrying with her hus- 
band and a party of friends. He m. 3d, Lucy Sears. Amos Look- 
wood d. at Springfield, March 8, 18.%. Lucy (Sears) Lockwood 
afterward m. Jonathan Allen. 



382 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

paper-mill dam), and erected a sawmill. He sold this to the Black 
Kiver ManufacturlDg Company, lliat company subsequently built 
a paper mill a few rods south of the sawmill. 

He was honest and honorable in his dealings, a man of good 
judgment and ability, decided in his opinions and free to express 
them. He had but little patience with ^^milk-and-water men.** In 
politics he was a ^^liig. 

About the year 1811 he married Mary Shafter of Athens. ITiey 
had nine children. Three died in infancy. Six living at the time 
of his death in August, 1839 : George G., Tx>uis S., Mary, Abbie J., 
Homer D. and Fanny. George, b. in 1813, went to Michigan in 
1829. Settled in Kalamazoo County. In 1836 moved to lonia^ 
Ionia County, and in 1847 to Spring Lake in Ottawa County where 
he still resides. Mrs. Lovell and the other children moved to 
Ionia in 1841, where she died in 1855. Homer died in 1843, and the 
sisters in later years. Louis S., born in 1816, studied law, removed 
to Ionia, Mich., and rose to eminence in his profession. He was for 
twenty-four years district judge for the district in which he reside*!. 
Judge I^vell was well known to many of the business men of this 
town. He died suddenly in March, 1894. 
II. James Lovell was b. in Grafton, May 2, 1802. In early life h** 
learned the cloth-dresser's trade of his brother, Don Lovell. He 
came to Springfield about 1824, to manage his brother's factory. 
and then carried on the business for himself a few years. Hr 
was afterward a farmer, and gave his attention to sheep husbandry, 
and by his good judgment and care became a successful breeder 
of merino sheep. For many years he bought wool for mana- 
facters. 

He had a clear aud vigorous mind, and came to his conclusions 
with almost intuitive readiness, but was always able to give a 
reason for the faith that was in him and support his convictions 
with concise and forcible arguments. He had a wonderful com- 
mand of language, was quick at repartee, and seldom failed to see 
his opponent's weakest }x>int. He took a great interest in politics, 
his knowledge of the history of our country was remarkable, and 
he hud no patience with the great number of our voters who are 
content with a little superficial information. He was a Whig in 
early life, aud then a Hepublican, but was never an apologist for 
slavery. 

In theology his convictions were as decided as in politics, and 
for many years he was a member of the Congregational church. 

Sixteen years before his death he became totally blind, from the 
effects of a sack of wool falling upon him. At first this af- 
fliction seemed unbearable, but after a time he was able to endure 
the trial with great composure. Other losses might irritate him 
and smaller trials almost exasperate him, but he bore his blindness 
for years with patience and resignation that were wonderful, for 
one of his nervous temperament. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. ^ 383 

Mr. Lovell was social and hospitable in his tastes, and generous 
to a fault, and he had a wide circle of personal friends, whom he 
held with an enduring attachment. 

He had three wives. June 7, 1824, he m. Mary Cakes of Cohasset, 
Mass., who d. , leaving two children : 

1. James Lovell, Jr., b. in 1826; was a successful physician, and d. 

in 1857, at Townshend, Vt. 

2. Bezaleel Wood Lovell; studied law and moved to Austin, Minn., 

where he d. 
His second wife was Lucretia Whitney, daughter of Deacon 
Elijah Whitney; she d. July 29, 1853, leaving two daughters: 

3. Mary, m. Homer T. Lovell, and lives in Ionia, Mich. 

4. Fanny Lucretia, whose unusual mental endowments, fine education 

and loving, loyal heart made her memory a treasure to her 
many friends, d. in November, 1881, aged 36 years. 
In November, 1853, he m. Almira Hyde of Fmncestown, N. H. 
She cared for the invalid daughter, Fanny, for many years, with all 
a mother's tenderness and patience, and was untiring in her de- 
votion to her husband in his blindness and old age, till his death, 
after which she returned to her native place, bearing the respect 
and love of all who knew her. 
Mr. Lovell lived in several places in town; but the last part of 
his life was spent on the Capt. Wood place, now owned by W. H. 
H. Putnam, where he d. April 14, 1883. 
HI. Michael Lovell, son of Enos and Mary (Grant) Lovell, was a well- 
known citizen of this town. He was eccentric in his ways, and 
quaint in his modes of expression, but he had a quick wit, and 
many of his keen jokes and pithy sayings are still repeated. For 
many years he was a very useful member of his brother James's 
family. Died in Springfield. 

Royal L. Lovell, son of Lewis C. and Maria L. (Wilson) Lovell, was b. 
in Rockingham, July 3, 1843. He came to Springfield in 1871, and opened a 
meat market, and from that time until March 1, 1894, was continuously in the 
meat business in town, except two years, from 1882 to 1884, when he was in 
the ranching and live stock business in Nebraska. He has also been in the 
livery business in Springfield, has dealt largely in wood and lumber, and 
handled a large quantity of live stock of all kinds, both at home and in the 
Boston markets. 

Mr. Lovell is also extensively engaged in farming and raising of colts, now 
owning about forty horses, many of them standard bred, including his noted 
stallion, Alcantara, No. 13,960, and a number of his colts. He raises a large 
amount of grain, and has fed lambs and steers for market quite largely. 

He m. Feb. 5, 1863, Etta Sarah Proctor, daughter of Nathan and Harriet 
(Dorand) Proctor, b. in Rockingham, March 4, 1840. Ch. : 
I. Edgar Royal, b. March 20, 1866, in Rockingham. 
II. Hattie Pamelia, b. at Rockingham, Aug. 15, 1869; m. Oct. 1, 1890, 
William F. Black of Kearney, Neb. 



384 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

III. Cora Louisa, b. at Springfield, Sept. 29, 1871: m. Jane 30, 18M, 

Horace T. Eastman of Bradford. 

IV. Maitland Clare, b. in Spring^eld, Oct. 28, 1874, now a student in Uni- 

versitvof Vermont. 
V. Roy Oscar, b. in Sprin^eld, Sept. 25, 1879. 

Wilson S. Lovell, son of I>ewis C. and ^laria L. (Wilson) LovelL, was 
b. in Rockingliam, March 11, 1845. During his minority, after attending the 
common schools, he worked in the hotel with his father, also learned the 
butcher's trade. He came to Springfield in 1875, and engaged in the meat 
business, and dealing in catUe and horses. He was elected constable and col- 
lector in 1876. and, with the exception of one year, senred in that oflice until 
1892. In 1884 he was elected high bailiff' of Windsor County and appointed 
deputy sheriff*. From 1888 to 1892 he was high sheriff, during which time it 
became his duty to execute the death penalty upon seven men and one 
woman. 

In 1886 he purchased one half interest in the cotton-manufacturing busi- 
ness of John C. Holmes &, Co. The factory was repaired, new machinery 
was added, and the business thoroughly systematized. This mill is now one 
of the best in the countv. 

Mr. Lovell possesses rare business qualifications, and his adventures have 
been uniformly successful. His father and mother were bom in Rockingham. 
His paternal grandfather, Christopher Lovell, was also bom in that town. 
His grandparents on his mother's side were Solomon and Phila (Earle) Wil- 
son. Thev were born in Chester. 

He m. in 1866, Sarah E. White, daughter of Luke and Clarissa (Edson) 
^\liite, b. in Rockingham, Aug. 8, 1845. Her grandparents were among the 
first settlers of Rockingham and Chester. Mrs. Lovell is a near relative of 
ex-Mayor Frank Edson of New York. Ch. : 

I. Clara L., h, July 23, 1872: m. May 15, 1874, Otis D. Gridl6y of Spring- 
field. 

John Ciiidester Ia)velani>, son of Solomon and Clarinda (Chidester; 
lx)veland, was h. at Pompey, N. Y., May 26, 1815. In his early life his parents 
moved to Hoosac Falls, where he was apprenticed to Seth Parsons to learn 
the machinist trade, which he followed during his life, his specialty being the 
manufacture of 8hear blades for cloth-dressing machines. In Septeml)er, 1851, 
he came from Iloosac Falls to Springfield, where he spent the remainder of 
his life in the employ of the Parks & Woolson Machine Company. In Sep- 
tember, 1850, he joined the Congregational church in Springfield, of which ho 
was a worthy meniher until his death, Oct. 25, 1875. He was a man of upright 
moral character, of strict temperance principles from his early youth, and 
thoroughly honest in all business dealings, in his domestic life he was quiet 
and unassuming, and was very generous to those who had not been so greatly 
prosperous as himself. 

He in. Sept. S, 1840, Derilla Tracey Deming, daughter of Henry K. ami 
Mary (Lothrop) Deming. She d. May 5. 1857. Ch. : 

I. Lina Wells, b. Jan. 29, 1841 ; m. Gershom L. Closson. 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 385 

II. Mary Delia, b. Oct. 1, 1843; d. March 28, 1844. 
in. Sou, d. in infHDcy. 

IV. William Henry, b. April 6, 1862. Always lived in Sprlnfffield, and 

has been engaged in many business ventures. He is now (18iH) 

proprietor and manager of the freighting business, which he bought 

of Lock wood & Lewis, March 1, 1894. 

He m. Emma S. Mayo, daughter of James H. and Mary (Farns- 

worth) Mayo. Ch, : 
1. Edith. 
Mr, Lovelaud ni. 2d, Elizabeth Bell (Newton) Woodard, daughter of Giles 
and Sally (Bell) Newton, and widow of Dr. Isaac Woodard. Ch. : 
V. Mary Brown, b. June 4, 1859; m. Alex. B. Lindsay. 

Gkokge L. Marcy, son of John Hatch and Ann (Lockwood) Marcy, was 
b. at W'eathersfield, Oct. 20, 1836; m. Jan. 15, 1862, Ellen Constantine, daugh- 
ter of Jacob and Nancy (Burbfink) Constantine, b. at Ashby, Mass., Nov. 10, 
1841. Ch.: 

1. Emma, b. in Weathersfteld, Oct. 13, 1866. 
II. John, b. in Weathersfteld, Dec. 16, 1870. 

Davii> C. Martin, son of Seth and Nancy (Slocum) Martin, was b. in 
Shaftsbury, Vt., Aug. 19, 1831. He came to Springfield about 1875, and 
bought the Dana farm, on the road to Hardscrabble, where Horace Weston 
once lived. Mr. Martin sold this farm in 1803 to Koyal L. liOvell, having 
bought a house on Seminary Hill. He m. Aug. 13, 1852, Marion Matteson, 
daughter of George and Adaline (Case) Matteson. ('h. : 

I. Eldora, b. April 2, 1856; m. Dec. 23, 1879, Myron Britton. 
n. George E., b. Aug. 16, 1858. 
IIL Ada A., b. Sept. 18, 1865; m. Ezra Buss. 

Dexter Martin, son of Ephraim and Nancy (Haywood) Martin, was b. 
at Springfield, May 13, 1809; d. April 13, 1S80. He m. Charlotte I^e, daugh- 
ter of Ednmnd and Sarah (Mowry) Lee, b. at Springfield, May 28, 1809. Ch. : 
I. Gracla P., b. Sept. 4, 1835. 

11. John H., b. Jan. 1, 1837; m. 1st, Ennna S. Sp.iulding: she d. March 
8, 1879; m. 2d, Oct. 6, 1880, Flora Sterling. 

III. Horace H., b. Nov. 18, 1839; member of Co. G, 7th Keg't Vermont 

Volunteers; d. Oct. 4, 1862. in Marine Hospital at New Orleans. 

IV. Lucy J., d. Sept. 4, 1843. 
V. Carlos D., d. Sept. 4, 1843. 

VL Lucy A., b. March 23, 1844. 
VH. Fred E., b. May 26, 1846; d. May 31, 1869. 

VIII. Frank I)., b. May 26, 1846; engaged in manufacture of fancy boxes 
at Xorih Springfield. Factory was burned and h(» moved to Per- 
kinsvillc. 
IX. Emma J., b. April 16, 1849; m. Henry M. Armstrong. 
X. Ella M., I). April 21, 1852; m. April 5, 1876, Clark C. Parker. 

James Martin was a Welshman, who landed in Boston, then went to 
Hartford, Conn., and from then^ to Cavendish, Vt., where he had a store. In 



380 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

1772 he settled iu SpringfieM on the Crown Pohit road, and built what was 
afterward called the "Gaylord Tavern." This building was forty feet 
square, with a basement, and windows in the gable-roof. Only one room was 
completely finished. The upper part was used for dancing. 

3Ir. Martin was an educated man and a prominent citizen, serving as 
town clerk for a number of years, lie d. in 1789, lea\ing one son, Will- 
iam Martin, who was a college gr.nduate and a teacher. 

Jamks M. Martin, son of James M. and .Julia A. E. (Gould) Martin, 
was b. in Ilolden, Mass., April 19, 1840. He served in the War of the 
Rebellion in Co. A, 3d Reg't Vermont Volunteers; m. Sept. 8, 1867, Har- 
riet E. Piper, daughter of Alfred and Nancy (Cunimings) Piper, b. at 
Laconia, X. If., Dec. 26, 18-18. Ch. : 

I. .Tames A., b. at Springfield, May 7, 1872; d. in infancy. 
II. Walter S., b. at Springfield, Sept. 14, 1874. 
III. Frank E., b. at Springfield, March 7, 1879: d. July 21, 1888. 

Jonathan Martin, son of Jonathan and Lydia (Sabin) Martin, was b. 
In Swanzey, N. H., May 11, 1807; came to Springfield in 18.36, to work for 
the FullertoDs, in the cotton mill. He soon became a partner, and after- 
ward bought out the Fullertons, and continued the business until the be- 
ginning of the Civil War. Mr. Martin was for a short time in the hard- 
ware trade, and at one time owned the freight teaming from Springfield to 
Charlestown. 

He became a member of the Metho<list church in 1840, and was a firm 
supporter and active worker in the church while he lived. 

In 1855 he represented the town in the Legislature, and always held the 
confidence and esteem of his townsmen. He d. Jan. 23, 1888. 

In 18.39 he ni. Hetsry Mrssinger, daughter of Joseph and Mary Messinger. 
She d. in 181»5. Ch. : 

I. Charles, b. Septenil>er, 1845: m. 1875, Achsa A. Wolfe; d. Aug. 27, 
189,3. 

Col. .Tonatiian Martin came from England, with thn*e brothers, l>efore 
the Revolution. He settled iu New Hampshire, and after his marriage opened 
up a farm in the town of Wilton. He was a man greatly esteemed, noted for 
great physical strength, his ready wit, and his firm Christian character. He 
was colonel in the IJevolutioiiarv War, a meml>er of the first constitutional 
convention of Now Hampshire and of the two first legislatures of that 
Stat«'. 

Before the Revolution he had accumulated quite a proiM?rty for those times, 
and through the war poor families of soldiers were regularly supplied with 
provisions from his home. During the last years of the war he collected 
horses and cattle for the army, taking his pay for them in Continental mooey, 
which ht'coming worthless left him a poor man. 

The last years of his life were passed in Springfield, and with his wife he 
was buried in the south part of the town. 

He married Phebe Varnhum, whose family came from England before the 
close of the French and Indian War. Ch. : 
I. Phebe, m. John Bovnton. 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



II. DsDiel, in. —Hatch. Moved to Black Hlcer County, N. Y, 

III. llHDnah, lu.— Wiley; lived and died iu Rocliingham, Vt. 

IV. J«mea U^^^ 

V. WiHiam I ' * 

VI. Mnry, in. .lob" Farnhain ; they hod two chlldreu : 

1. John. (See sketch.) 

2. Mnry, ni. ICbenezer Shedd. Ch. : Elizabeth. 

Dit. MiCA.iAH Martin, eclectic physiciau, son of Micajah and Polly (Wait) 
Martin, was b. at Dublin, N. II.,Hept. 21, 1814. He tooliacourse of study iu the 
academy, and college nt Jersey City, N. J., aod began the practice o[ hie pro- 
feasIoD in I.ondunderry, Vt., in 1S43, where he remained aiz years, then went 
to Grafton, and In 1S51 came to North Springfield, where he is atill in prac- 
tice. He 111. Feb. 9, 18-16, Lydia I,. Spaulding of Londonderry (deceased). 
Ch. : Nettie S|iautiluie. 

Hem. 2d, Marietta I^ckwood, daugliter of Amasa and Henrietta (Wescott) 
Lockwootl of Springfield. Cti. : 

I. I-orenK.,b. Sept. 20,1853; m. June 30, 1880, Flora A. Weeden. Oh.: 

1. Gertrude 1., I). June 9, 1883. 
11. Wescott I,., b. N'ov. 13, 1856; d. July 12, 1303. 
111. Fred W., b. Dec. 6, 1864. 

II E»RvHuBBARi> Mason, 
son of I'eter and Abigail 
(Weed) Mason, was b. In 
L'nity, X.H., Jan. 31,1821. 
At the age of seventeen he . 
was apprenticed to Otis 
Bardwell of Walpole, N. H., 
to learn black smithing. 
After serving his time, he 
followed the buglnese one 
year, but was obliged to give 
it up on account of iujurles 
received, (n 1844 he came 
to S|>ringfleUl and began 
work for 1). M. Smith & Co., 
who were then manufactur- 
ing alHlomiuai supporters, 
an invention of Dr. Kleazcr 
Crain. He followed this 
business until 1804, employ- 
ing at one time as mauy as 
sixty girls. During the 
years 1848 and 184Q he was 
proprietor of the Black 
River Hotel. He was a 
meralwr of the llnii of Smith, 
Mason & Co., engaged In the 
manufacture of a spring 




388 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

hook and eye. Mr. Mason has been longer in basiness for himself than 
any other one of the present business men of the town, and is now, at the 
age of 76, actively engaged in the manufacture of mop handles. 

He m. Ist, Sarah Cutler, deceased, daughter of George Cutler of Spring- 
field. Ch. : 

I. Sarah, wife of Prof. Benjamin Blanpie<l; res. Albany, X. Y. 

He m. 2d, Vesta Gilson, daughter of Abel Gilson of Pi-octorsville, Vt. 

William K. McIntyre, son of William R. and Laura (Richardson) 
Mclutyre, was b. at Littleton, X. H., Feb. 8, 1846. He served in the War of 
the Rebellion ; m. April 15, 1866, Amanda Lucas, daughter of Cliarles H. and 
Clementina (Brown) Lucas, b. in Burke, Vt., April 28, 1852. Ch. : 

L Eva M., b. at Stratford, X. H., Sept. 5, 1868; m. Thomas T.,ooney. 
XL Ethel G., b. Feb. 8, 1870, at Stratford, X. H. 
HI. Laura A., b. at Stratford, X. H., Aug. 23, 1872. 

Edwin F. Merrill, son of Frederick B. and Calista (White) Merrill, was 
b. in Woodstock. Came to Springfield in 1892; is junior partner of the firm 
of Dodge & Merrill, druggists. 

William A. Merrill, son of Abram and Elizabeth (Perry) Merrill, wash, 
at; Plymouth, Dec. 1, 1864; m. Jan. 26, 1887, Mary E. Herrick, daughter of 
Russell S. and Celia (Weston) Herrick. 

David Marble Merritt, son of George and Abigail (Marble) Merritt, 
was born in Scituate, Mass.. May 30, 1789, and came to Springfield about 1820 
from Dorchester, Mass. He first lived on the place since owned by Asa Rol- 
lins, and afterwanl bought the farm now occupied by Jeremiah Huey, where 
he d. Aug. 21, 1845. He first learned the cabinet-maker's trade, and after- 
wards was five years at sea as ship carpenter. 

In November, 1818, he m. Clementiua Shattuck, daughter of Samuel Shat- 
tuck, b. in Pepperell, Mass., Sept. 4, 1791, who d. in Springfield, Dec. 27, 1852. 
Ch.: 

I. George, b. Aug. 24, 1819; m. 1st, May 26, 1842, Clarissa Damon; ni. 
2d, Mary (Olcott) daughter of John and Eoxana (Staples) Rice. 
Ch.: 
1. Lutie, b. Jan. 20, 1874; m. Oct. 20, 1894, Frank D. Gill. 
George Merritt was for many years engaged in the manufacture and 
sale of boots and shoes in Springfield. He d. Jan. 24, 1887. 
IF. Mary Ann, b. Aug. 20, 1822. 

III. Clementina, h. Xov. 25, 1825. 

IV. Tbomas Marble, b. April 30, 18.31 ; m. Ist, Louisa Howe, daughter of 

Eli and Polly (Houghton) Howe, March 14, 1859; she d. Sept. 2, 
1866; m. 2(1, Dec. 9, 1867, Emma S. Stearns, daughter of James 
and Achsa (Burnap) Stearns; she d. Aug. 29, 1887. Ch. by first 
marriage : 

1. Emily L., b. April 13, ISGO. 

2. Elmer T., b. Aug. 20, 1862 ; ni. 1889, Effie H. Slack. Ch. : 
(1). Kuth Eliza, b. Xov. 28, 1891. 

3. Alice E., b. April 11, 1866 ; d. in infancy. 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 389 

MESSENGER FAMILY. 

Joseph Messenger came to Sprliij^jfield about 1795 from lIolllston.^Mass. 
He was a carpenter by trade, and lived in the village for a time, then moved 
to land on the hill west of Black River, in what was afterward School District 
No. 11. Here he cleared up a farm and reared a family of seven children. 
He d. Nov. 25, 1839, aged 72. Mary Messenger, his wife, d. Dec. 11, 1865, 
aged 91 years. Ch. : 

I. James, b. Sept. 11, 1796. Lived many years just out of the village on 
the Chester road. He d. May 9, 1865. Fanny Messenger, his wife, 
d. Dee. 10, 1865, aged 71 years. 
II. Ezra Ripley, b. June 1, 1799; m. Philena Corlew. He d. July 11, 
1870. Ch.: 

1. James Edward, h. Jan. 7, 1825; m. Oct. 23, 1850, Charlotte A. 

Jones. 

2. Ezra Ripley, b. April 25, 1828; d. May 20, 1853. 

3. Ellen Philena, b. Sept. 30, 1831; m. April 4, 1850, Frederick A. 

Randall. 

III. Mary, b. Aug. 25, 1801 ; m. Moses Randall. 

IV. Vespasian, b. Nov. 18, 1803; m. Nov. 12, 1829, Nancy Bennett. Ch. : 

1. Charles, b. Sept. 27, 1830; d. April 12, 1877. 

2. Joseph, b. Sept. 4, 1832; m. — Mason. 

3. Zimri, b. . A carpenter by trade, well known to the peo- 

ple of Springfield as a man of sterling integrity and estimable 
Christian character. He enlisted in Company E, 16th Reg't 
Vermont Volunteers. While detailed as orderly at brigade 
headquarters at Fairfax Court House, Virginia, he was taken 
prisoner in the eiirly morning of March 9, 1863, when Gen. E. 
H. Stoughton and his staff were captured by Mosby of Stuart's 
cavalry. Messenger was placed on a horse and given five others 
to lead. He made bad work of riding and leading, and after a 
short time managed to change on to a better horse. He learned 
that there was a John in the company, and when some disturl)- 
ance in the rear took the attention of tliose around him, he 
turneil back, and on being asked: " Who goes there?" said, 
*' John,'- and tliat he was going to find Col. Mosby. He was 
sufi'ered to {mss, and soon turned from the column and rode for 
dear life, displaying horsemanship which would have surprised 
the rebels who had him in charge, had they seen him. 

He received a sabre wound, which, on account of exposure and 
iusuflicient clothing, rendered him unfit for duty, and he was 
placed in the hospital at Fairfax Station, and afterward sent to 
• Mount Pleasant Hospital at Washington, D. C, where he re- 

mained until the expiration of his terra of service, July 20,, 
1863. 

He m. Rachel J. Coftin, who d. March 20, 1S85. He d. May 
26, 1887. Ch. : 

(1). Gertrude A., b. in Worcester, Mass., Jan. 13, 1858. 



390 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

(2). Herbert H., b. in Springfield, Dec. 7, 1862; d. July 14, 1884. 
(3). Ernest (iraves, b. Dec. 10, 1868; d. . 

4. John, b. : m. — Earle of Chester; res. in BostoD. 

5. Horace, b. April, 1838; member of Company E, I6th Reg't Ver- 

mont Volunteers; m. Lorette L., daughter of Alvah and Salome 
S. Houghton. Ch. : 
(1). Edna S., b. Nov. 14, 18G5; m. May 18, 1892, Harry L. Rich- 
mond. 

6. Elizabeth, b. ; m. Oscar Mason. 

7. Alice b. ; m. John Cutler; d. . 

V. Charles, b. May 23, 1808; d. June 20, 1831. 

VI. William Mellen, b. 1810; d. Sept. 2, 1849; m. Arabella S. , who 

d. Aug. 17, 1865, aged 49. Ch. : 

1. William O., b. May, 1843. Enlisted in Company A, 3d Vermont 

Volunteers. Wounded at battle of Cold Harbor, June 3, 18W ; 
d. of wounds June 7, 1864. 

2. A daughter, d. June 5, 1856, aged 20 years. 

VII. Betstey B., b. March 7, 1814; m. Jonathan Martin. (See sketch.) 

Joseph Messer, son of Zacheus and Hannah (Hutchins) Messer, was b. 
in New London, N. H., in 1806, and came to Springfield in 1826, to learn 
the cabinet maker's trade of Abiel Smart, who had a shop where the Parks 
& Woolson machine shop now stands. Before finishing his trade, Mr. 
Smart sold out to Davidson & Parks, who there established their business 
of building shearing machines, and Mr. Messer was at once employed in 
the woodworking department of their establishment, where he remained 
forty-six years, and for many years was superintendent of that depart- 
ment, until failing health compelled him to resign. He d. Aug. 18, 1885, at 
Cohasset, Mass., and was buried at Springfield. 

He was at one time engaged in raising silkworms, and one year received 
the highest bounty from the State for producing the most cocoons. He 
invented a machine for reeling the silk from the cocoon. It was then sent to 
Newport. N. II., where it was twisted, colored, and made into sewing silk 
of good quality. Tliis was before the seminary was established here, and Mr. 
Messer one year occupied the old meeting-house for feeding and growing his 
silkworms, wliich was afterward the Wesleyan Seminary, and is now the 
high school huiiding. It was soon found that the business could not prove a 
success on account of the climate. The mulberry trees winter-killed and the 
worms sickened and died, and it was finally given up altogether. 

Mr. Messer was a goo<l mechanic, and had an inventive mind. He invented 
several machines which greatly facilitated the work under his charge. He 
was also successful in grape culture, and had one of the finest vineyards in 
this section on his place where he built his home in 1836, which is now well 
known and still owned by tlie family. 

In 1831 he m. Mary Stodder, daughter of Elijah and Katharine (White) 
Stodder. She was b. in Springfield in 1806, and always lived in the village. 
She d. Aug. 24, 1879, and was one of the two oldest persons then living in 
the village. 




6://- 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 391 

Mr. and Mrs. Messer UDlted witli the CoDgregational church in 1834, under 
the ministry of Kev. Daniel O. Morton. They had seven ch, : 
I. Mary Elizabeth, unm. 

II. Isadore Phila, ni. Capt. James 11. Little, and they now live in 
Cohasset, Mass. 

III. Joseph Eossendel ; unm. 

IV. Horace Jerome, m. Anna Holdeu. 
V. Orlin Marsii, d. at age of 15. 

VI. Frances Louisa, d. at age of 5. 

VII. Abby Georgianna, m. Edwin B. Hey wood, now a prominent merchant 
in Claremont, X. 11. 

Albert I. Miller, eon of Rhoderick and Mary J. (Holden) Miller, was b. 
as Claremont, N. II., May 23, 1860; m. Dec. 10, 1883, Charlotte F. Litchfield, 
daughter of Jairus and Almira L. (Faxon) Litchfield of Springfield. Ch. : 
I. Mary A., b. May 23, 1885. 

Jasiks IIarrinoton Miller, b. Oct. 30, 1763, came from Grafton, Mass., 
to this town in 1806.' He settled in Eureka, on what is still the Miller farm. 
His wife was Lucy Pratt. Ch. : 

I. I^vi, b. Nov. 19, 1786; went to Wisconsin. 
II. Patty, b. April 13, 1788; m. Daniel Leland. Seven ch. 

III. John, b. May 28, 1790; d. young. 

IV. Abijah, b. June 8, 1792. 

V. John, b. Dec. 5. 1795 ; m. Ist, — Cady ; m. 2d, Susan Pratt. 'J'hey 
lived on what has since b(»en called the Houghton farm, now owned 
by the town, a part of which is to be used for a cemetery, 'lliey 
had five children, some of whom have risen to prominence. Later 
he emigrated to Wisconsin, where he d. in 1885. 
Abijah, the fourth child of James Harrington Miller, was the last 
member of the family to leave Grafton. He drove the herd of forty 
fine cattle which have been ])red and the stock retaineil on the farm 
to the present day. After coming to Vermont he began life for 
himself by working for Consul William Jarvis, at Weatherfleld Bow, 
at eight dollars i>er month, and teaching school winters. He was 
a remarkable penman and very successful in his teaching. He 
afterward purchased the homestead, and added to it, until he owned 
one of the most pro<iuctive farms in town, of about six hundred 
acres, where he attained great success in raising Durham cattle. 
Mr. Miller was noted for his industry, frugality and good manage- 
ment. In 1817 he in. Sarah Fuller Stimpson. Cli. : 

1. Lucy Ann, b. 1818; m. 1837, Henry Reed Dyer, a native of this 

town, afterwards a prominent business man of Rutland, Vt. 
Thej' had six children. Of these, 
(1). James 11. was a successful business man in Rutland, and 

met his death by accidental shooting, Aug. 18, 1880. 
(2). Charles, another son, is superintendent of the Santa F^ and 
Pacific Railroad, located at Las Vegas, X. M. 

2. James S., b. 1820: d. 1842. 



392 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

3. Sarah Jaue, b. 1822; lives on the homestead; Hnm. 

4. Abijah Oortez, b. 1834; llyep on the homestead; m. April 3, 

1860, Charlotte Weston, daughter of Jehfel Weston; ^e d. 

Dec. 21, 1885. Ch. : 
(1). A. C. Frank, b. August, 1864. He lost his life in a burning 

building at Fitchburg. Mass., Aug. 2, 1891. 
(2). Ixittle A., b. 1875. 
Three other children d. in infancy. 

5. John Pratt, b. 1830; d. In childhood. 

6. Frank !>., b. June 29, 1833 ; a young man of great promise : grad- 

uated at University of Vermont in class of 1854. He d. May 
24, 1856. 

James Mitchell was b. in Lempt^t^r, X. H., Feb. 14, 1820, and was the 
fourth child and second son of James and Celiuda (\^liitcomb) Mitchell. 

At the age of eighteen he went to Nashua, X. H., and for three years was 
employed there and at Milford, in ninnufacturiog carriages and agricultural 
implemeutd. 

In 1841 he went to Felchvillc, Vt., purchasing of John Brown an in- 
terest ill h\n blacksinitli »hop, at the same time engaging outside of this 
busiueg^:, in the manufacture of ploughs. 

Feb. 22, 1844, he m. Miranda, the youngest daughter (b. Juue 16, 1814) 
of Major Charles Webster of Alstead, X. II., and in June, 1846, he moved 
to Springfield, entering the employ of Spencer & Xourse, foundrymen. 
Less than a year after he bought out Mr. Spencer's interest in the busi- 
ness, and in 1848 he also bouglit out Mr. Xourse, a little later taking in 
Russell Burke as partner. From this time until near the close of 1870 (with 
the exception of the period between 1859 and 1862) he was active in the 
management of the business, most of the time under the firm names of 
Shepardson & Mitchell and James Mitchell & Co. 

In 1S59 he sold out his business owing to ill health, and spent some 
time travelling in the West. Late in 1859 he established a foundry at 
White Kiver Junction, Vt., and when two years later'he was burned out, 
he again bought out his old business at Springfield. After retiring in 1870 
he never again engaged actively in business, and d. in Springfield, July 2, 
1885. He had five ch. : 

I. George IL, b. Dec. 20, 1S44: d. Aug. 30. 1850. 
II. Lizzie A., b. July 7. 184G: d. Feb. S, 1875. 

111. Flora E.. b. Feb! 20, 1849; d. Oct. 13, 1881. 

I\'. James Edward, b. March 28, 1854; d. in Cleveland, Ohio, April 13, 

1S91. 
V. Herbert W., b. Feb. 25, 1859; m. Oct. 6, 1S86, Annie M. Titus, daugh- 
ter of Henrv and Marv (Whitnev) Titus of Bellows Falls, Vt. 
Thev have one ch. : 
1. Annie Helena, b. Aug. 10, 1887. 

The subject of this sketch was of Scotch descent. His father was b. iu 
Haverhill, Mass.. in 1785. The originator of the family in this country was 
John Mitchell, wlio, in company with :i brother, came from Scotland about 



OF SPRINOFIBLD, VT. 




.MES MITCHELL. 



3'.I4 lllSTt>KY OF THE TOWN 

1I>85, mill ^('itlerl in MnsMichu^etU. •lohu wna a mfrcIisDt, aod his son 
•iHiiii's. grnniU'iii ami grciit-gnioilson of The tnmp aanie sucoeed«d Id tarn to 

Ills Il11!!ia«fl^>. 

Oiti.tN F. JIfioiiY. Boii of Ihiniel bikI r.iicinda (Cram) Mootly. was b. at 
ChiirlcMiiu'ii, N'. 11., Aii^. 3, \Sa : m. Deo. 31, 1S4S, l.iicy Douamore, clMigfat«r 
iif Williniii ami ItfliPivM (l!»t"inl) IKiifliuori: of I'liity, N'. H,: came to Spring- 
Held iu Iftil : i1. April ^ri. 1SS8. C'h. : 

1. Nellie I!.. Ii. :it Cliiirli-stowii. X. II.. St-pt. M. 1B.13{ in. Marvh 3. lt>7(>. 

Osiiir W. WalktT. (See WiilkiT family.) 

<'iiAKLh> II. MooKK, »im of I«vi [(. aoil Miiry A. (Hall) Moore, ivas b. Id 

I'lymonth. Oct. s. 1SB3. Hi- came to Sprlngflelil Id 183J, HDii coinniene^ in«r' 

IS^ he bought the cIot}iiii;g 

tiusloesK of O. M. Douiik-- 

<l]ij, nliich he still <-onlinuef . 

[11 the " Blue .Siore." when- 

he has one of the Iluest 

Ktocks of goods in the 

lttt<7, Mary Edua. ilnughter 
of E. C. Burke. Ch. : 

I. Edmuud iturke. b. 
May 12. 1888. 
Gks. Lewis 8. Mokui*. 
traced his ancestry to one 
of two brothers, (,'ol. Lewis 
Morrid aud Capt. Klchartl 
MorrU of Tliitotii, Mon- 
mouthshire. Eiiglaiiil, who 
were otttecrs in the I'arlla- 
riientary nrniy iiTider t'rvni- 
well. At tlie lii'storatioD 
Ihcy wen- Itaiiislieil. nod lleil 
to ilin Barbadoes. In 1072 
capi. KichanI came to New 
York, aiul obtained a gmot 
of the m.inorof Morrlsanla. 
ail estate of Oiree thousand 
aci'esiiitt'esifhesterCouuty. 
which he bei|ueathcd to Ills 
CHA.,LES H, MO0R€. -onl.c«i>.«liowa*lM.ruthe 

■Hiis son iii:Li'iii-il Isali.Ola lirahaui. a ivani of the Duke of Moutros.', au.1 
ItCL'ame ihi' rirsi t.'iiv.-iiicii- cil Ni-iv .Icrsi-y. 

The Ihinl gciieralion i- r.-pn'*cnteil by his son Lewis, b. Sept. 23, IWS. 
ami <l. July 3,'i:(i2. He wa* .Imlge at Admiralty. He was twk-e marrie<l. 
HUIlrst wife. <iitii:irhi.- Siaais. a liiiiighter of Dr. Staals. who marric<l an 
liidiaii llegiiin ui ihe Dutch Eu'^t liulies, ami settled iu New York, where Ik 




OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 395 

was prominent as one of the heads of the liberal party in the Dutch period. 
By her he had three sons ; Lewis, to whom he devised his Morrisauia estate, 
and who made his name immortal by attixiug it to the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence; he married a Walton. Richard, an eminent jurist, was the tirst 
chief justice of the Supreme Court of New York. The third, Staats I-.ong, 
was an otfleer in the British service, witli whom the Duchess of Gordon fell in 
love and married. He was sent to other service during the war. The second 
wife of Lewis Morris, who married Catherine Staats, was Sarah Gouverneur, 
a lady of Huguenot descent. By her he had only one son, Gouverneur Mor- 
ris, our first minister to the court of France, and one of the most brilliant 
men of his time. 

Chief Justice Richard Morris was, before the Revolution, a Judge of Ad- 
miralty, as were his father and grandfather before him. As chief justice, he 
held court at Westminster when Vermont was under New York rule. He was 
one of the orighial proprietors in the Confirmation Charter of the t(»wn of 
Springfield. He married Sarah Ludlow, and their son, I^ewis R. Morris, b. 
Nov. 2, 1760, is the subject of this sketch. He was fitting for college, but 
quitted his studies at the age of seventeen to join a company raised in New 
York City for the war of Independence, and was chosen ensign of the com- 
pany. He served through most of the war. He was on the staff of Gen. 
Schuyler, and after that officer was superseded by Gen. Gates, was on the 
staft' of Gen. Clinton and also of Gen. Van Rensselaer. In 1777, by onier of 
Gen. Schuyler, he led a force of troops from Schenectady through the wil- 
derness to the relief of Ida Castle, which stood on the present site of the city 
of Utiea, and was surrounded by a large force of English troops and Indians; 
reaching there just in time to save the inmates from massacre. 

Gen. Morris saw Jennie McCrae only a few hours before she was massacred 
by the Indians, a tragedy which excited horror and indignation everywhere, 
and helped to unite the colonists in a determination to resist a power which 
could use such base instruments to perpetuate its tyranny. 

The race of ^lorris was marked by a splendid physique. Tlie four young 
men who joined the army were considered to be the handsomest men in the 
American army. Gen. Morris was a man of courtly manners ami distin- 
guished bearing. His skilful horsemanship was something wonderful. It is 
related of him that in the street of Springfield he picked up a lady's glove 
from the ground while riding at full speed, and returned it to her with a 
courteous bow. 

Gen. Morris bought eighteen thousand acres of land in western New York 
at $1 an acre, llien he sold one half of it at $2 an acre to a Mr. Pariah, 
l3ut at the urgent remonstrance of his uncle, Gouverneur, he declined an 
offer of the same amount for the other half. In 1807 Gen. Morris and his 
wife and daughter Sarah went to Oswegatchie, St. F^awrence County, N. Y., 
and spent a year on his land in the woods, leaving his son Richard at RusseU 
Hunt's in Charlestown. They lived in a log shanty, and made a clearing in 
what is the present village of Ox Bow in the town of Antwerp, and enjoyed 
rustic life. They entertained distinguished company there; among others his 
uncle Gouverneur. The latter having suffered the loss of a leg, could not ride 
horseback, and no carriage roads existing, the distinguished statesman and 



3(*»; HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

minigter to FniDce wag drawD throu^ the woodg and over the l ow gh gromad 

OD an ox gled. 

Lewi» i;. Morris of Forclham, X. Y., the celebrated breeder of tee itoefc. 
was a Depliew of GeD. Morrig. 

That an ambitioas youDg niaD, of digtinguighed abilitj. attiscchre pcnoa 
and winning mannerg. a member of one of the inogt Influential and pomrM 
familieg hi the city and State of New York, with every reason to expect a ne^ 
ceggfal pablic* career in contact with the brightegt minds of tbat ^leat Staie, 
ghould turn big baclv on those tempting opportunities and advantaiccs and tke 
polished society of the cultivated city, which he was ao well ealctilated to «•- 
juy and to adorn, to cast his lot in the little colony in the irlkleraei^ of Ver- 
mont, struggling for existeni'^' tietween conflicting claims, and jcfrin gly 
without strength to maintain her own right to existence* Is a iBTSterjr not 
ea«iiy uudersto<Mi by the young Vermont erg of to-day who are so eager to ^ 
away to a city to dnulge for their boanl. with little eocoanirenoeBt of ervr 
earning more than their food and clothes. 

The exact «iate of Gen. Morris's settlement in Springfield Is not known. The 
town reconls show that at a town meeting belt! Dei*. 19. 17S5. he n-as cbosca 
one of a commit t«^ to propan* a plan of a me«*ting- house, and acted ^th tbe 
committee. He was also one of tli<> building committee of the old meeting- 
house on tbe common. He assumed at once here, as he did ererr where, tlie 
position of a leader. <ien. Morris was a large Hu«lho1der in Sprin^lield. and 
IcasfHi out many farms on p«*rpetual lease«. He was a lenient landlord, al- 
lowing his tenants extensions of time for payment when they were unfor- 
tunate and were honestly trying to pay their rent : and often remitted the rvnt 
altogi'thnr. 

He was a wise counsellor in public attairs. in which he had great influence 
in tbe State and nation, as whU a« tbf town. He held many public ofllces. 
He wa« member from Springfield, of tbt- Cienei-al Assembly, an«l Sjieaker of 
the House fn»m 17f»5 to 17t»7. Hf also repivsente<l the town in the L^sri^l*- 
ture in ls03-5-*'»-s. He ua-i clerk of the House in 17Ji(M>l: sei-retary and 
memlj^T of the Constitutional ronvi-ntiou in 171«3: representative from Ver- 
mont in the fifth, sixth anil seventh ( ongre^ses. from May 15, 1797, to March 
3, 1S03: Initeil Slates mar-hal from 1791 to 17J»7: county clerk of Winds«v 
county court. 17IH) to \7*Mu and chief judge of that court in 1796. In Janu- 
ary. 1701. be was appointed one of tbe commisMoners, with Nathaniel Miip- 
maii and anotb*'r. to confer with Congress with respect to the admission of 
Vermont to tin* Tniou. F'roni 17>*1 to 17Si^ be was secretarv of foreiitn af- 
fairs under (baucf^nor Li\ingstone. In 1811 be was appointed major-general 
of the first division of militia, which ofilce be resigned in 1817. 

<ien. Morri* was three times marri»*d. His first wife was a Miss Dwi^ht of 
Northampton. Mass. Tb»»re wa-^ one daughter, Louisa M., who marrieti. 
July 2s. 1S07. John S. K«hvanJs of Connecticut, and moved to Warren. Ohio. 
Mr. Kil wants was elected to Cougrn^s in l>il2. but died before taking his seat« 
le:iving tbr«»e cbiMn'n, two of whom di^-d in infancy: the other William J. Ed- 
wanls. of Voungsti)wn. Dbio. recently celelirated bis eightieth birthday, still 
in vigorous health. Aftvr the death of her husband, Mrs. Edwards married 
a Mr. Montgomery, by whom she had one son and two daughters, the son 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 397 

aDd ODe daughter, now a widow, living at Hazelton, a manufacturing village 
near Youngstown. The other daughter left two children. 

The second wife was Theodosla, daughter of Kev. Bulkley and Martha 
(Pomeroy) Olcott of Charlestown, N. H. She died Feb. 16, 1800, leaving one 
child, I^ewis O., born in 1796, well and favorably known to old residents of 
the town, and who died in Boston, Oct. 14, 1818. He was in trade in the vil- 
lage at one time, and built ^- Morrises Mills.*^ 

The third wife was Ellen, daughter of Lieut .-Govern or Jonathan and 
Levinah (Swan) Hunt of Vernon. There were five cliildren by this marriage. 
Richard H., born May 16, 1803, who wa« a lieutenant in the U. S. Navy, and 
died Nov. 5, 1837, leaving two children. Sarah Ludlow, born March 23, 1806; 
married Rev. Edward Ballard of Pittsfleld, Mass., where she died March 28, 
1847. Her only surviving daughter, Miss Sarah J. Ballard, now of Bruns- 
wick, Me., for several years resided in Springfield with her grandmother; 
Gouverneur, born in 1809, a lawyer and judge, now a resident of Monroe, 
Mich., where he is still in active legal practice, in his eighty-second year; 
James H., born in 18 — , who is still in active business at Ann Arbor, Mich., 
and Robert, the youngest, born in 1814, and died May 2, 1834. 

Gen. Morris died Oct. 29, 1825, aged sixty-ftve yeai^, at the pleasant home- 
stead he had built amid his fertile acres, under the shadow of Skitchewaug 
mountain, and here, forty years later, Aug. 24, 1865, his widow died. Their 
bodies and those of his second wife and four of his children and two grand- 
children lie in the family lot in the cemetery at Charlestown, N. H. 

Ellis W.MOHSE, machinist, was b. in Canton, Mass., Nov. 16, 1831. He has 
for many years worked for the Parks & Woolson Machine Co. He m. April 
1, 1855, Mercy Fletcher, daughter of Justus and Thankful (Leland) Fletcher, 
b. in Chester, Vt., Nov. 29, 1835. Ch. : 

1. Clarence E., b. at Claremont, N. H., June 21, 1860, 
II. Charles F., b. at Springfield, Jan. 20, 1863. 

Mykon C. Mdxsox, son of Ilosea and Lurilla (Smith) Munson, was b. at 
Whately, Mass., May 21, 1824 ; m. Nov. 23, 1873, Almira W. Lockwood, daugh- 
ter of Ezekiel and Sarah (Bemis) Lockwood, b. in Springfield, Feb. 20, 1823, 

Fked O. Nash, son of Otis and Millie E. (Rumrill) Nash, was b. at Al- 
stead, N. H., Sept. 8, 18.58; m. June 23, 1883, Marion L. Stanley, daughter of 
Alfred L. and Caroline (Tate) Stanley, b. at Weston, Vt., Jan. 17, 1870. 

Miner W. Newton, was b. in Weathersfield ; he was a painter by trade 
and worked at house painting a number of years in Springfield and Weathers- 
field. When the Woolson block was about to be built he bought the old 8toi*e 
then standing on the site, moved it up Valley Street, set it over the brook, and 
began trade in it, whore he did a good business in grain and groceries for a 
number of years. The freshet of 1884 flooded his store and damaged his 
goods badly, and he then moved to the store at the head of Main Street, in 
the Washburn block, where he remained until he sold out to I^und R. Barney 
in 1887 or 1888. Mr. Newton was a man of great industry, and he combated 
and overcame difllculiieii* which would have discouraged many men of less 
persistence and energy. He d. in Spriugfieid. 

His widow is still living in Springfield. No children. 



398 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Levi Nichols moved to WincheDcloo, Mass., in 1773, and erected a spacious 
taveru staud ou the spot where Cromwell Fisher's house now stands^ about 
midway between the present village and the centre. There he did a large 
business, and was well known and popular. 

About 1787 he removed to Keene, X. H., and continued the same business. 
About 1790 he came to Springfield and bought some two hundred acres of 
land of Lieut. Joseph Little and James Bates, in Eureka, comprising what is 
at present known as the Nichols place, owned by Henry F. Barnard, and a 
portion of the farm of C. Horace Hubbard. He erected two dwelling 
houses, just west of the present bams and highway. In one of them he 
lived until his death in 1809, and the other was occupied by the father €>f 
Mrs. Nichols, Lieut. Nathaniel Sawyer, who served through the War of the 
Revolution, d. in 1805, and was one of the first to be interred in the new- 
cemetery on the common. 

About 1800 he erected on the east side of the road a building for a 
saddler's shop, which was carried on hy his sons Luke and Thomas, la 
the basement he had a nail shop, where a rude machine, operated by foot- 
power, punched out the nails from a strip of iron, and they were after- 
wanl headeti by hand. This building, which has the distinction of being 
the first in this busy manufacturing town used exclusively for manufac- 
turing purposes, was moved to the Barnard farm, where it was used as a 
carpenter's shop until burned in 1889. 

Levi Nichols m. January. 1760, Elizal>eth Sawyer. Ch. : 
I. Mary, b. May 4. 1761. 

II. Elizabeth, b. Mav 28, 1763. 

III. Eunice, b. Nov. 25. 1765. 

IV. Levi. h. Oct. .30, 1767: m. Mehitable Barnanl, and lived on the 

Abijali Miller farm until 1797, wIk'Q he removed to Jericho. Ch. : 

1. Fanny, b. June 15, 1789; m. Major John Stevens, son of Simou 

Stevens, and went to 111inoi.<. 

2. Jeunison, b. August. 1790. 

3. llieoclosia, b. Dec. 14. 1791; m. John Gould of Essex, N. Y., and 

moved to Chicago. 

4. Levi, b. April 1, 1793. 

5. Samuel, b. March 13, 1794. 

6. Luke, b. Jan. 6, 171H5. 

The above childreu were born in Springfield on the Miller farm. 
He had nine other children born in Jericho and Burlington, Vt., 
and Essex and Plattsburgh, N. Y. 
V. Luke, b. Oct. 31, 1769. 
VI. Sallv, b. .lulv 17, 1771. 
Vli. Nancv, b. Dec. 9, 1773: m. David Sevmour. 
VIII. Lucy, b. Nov. 15, 1775; m. Jennison Barnard. (See Barnard family.) 
IX. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 15, 1778; was a hotel-keeper in Champlain, N. Y.. 
and had four children. 
X. Theodosia, b. Oct. 16, 1780: m. Jonathan Steele, and d. Aug. 23, 1819. 
Ch. : 
1 . Theoilosia Ames. 2. Julia .Sophronia. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



3. JooathaD WillliHn. 


4. Miiry Ell/abeth. 


5. Sarah Jaae. 


G. Luke Nichols. 


7. Garduer S*ymour. 


8. Ellznbeth. 


Johu, b. Sept. 25, 1782; m. 


1st, Mary Allen. Cli.: 


1. Frederick. 


3. Eli/aLeth. 


3. Snrah S. 


4. Roderick N. 


M. 2d, JulU Lynde. Ch. : 




B. Elsie L. 


0. Mary Julia. 


7. Frances Charlotte. 


8. George F. 



XII. niomas, b. March 13, 1 
El.BEUTl*. Norton, son of .Sylvaiiiis and Mary (Purktr) Norton, nas b. June 
25, 1847. He cnioe to SpringHeld In 1870; worked lu the gristmill of Cobb & 
Derby. He m. Louisa Blxliy, daughter of John H. Bisby, b. iti Plymouth, 
t^h.: 

I. Blaiielie, b. Aug. 3, 1889. 
Sebastian Nokrington, son of Seltastian aod Nancy (Noble) Norrhig- 
lon, was b. in Cbiremoal, N. H., Jiiii. 4, lS33i^ ni. Harriet Mallory, daughter 
of Moses aud Harriet (Willard) Mallory. Ch. : 



1. 



1 D., b. 

July 19, 1860; m. 

Florence Mout' 

gomery. 

H. EdwiuF., b.JuDe2, 

18H2. 
IlL LuellaJ.,b..Ian.l7, 
18G4; m. June 1, 
1886, Leonard Wil- 



IV. Louis A., b. Sept. 
28, 1306, in Wind- 
sor, Vt. 

V. Hattie N., b. Sepl. 
15, 1SG7; m. Jan. 
7. 1888, EugeUf P. 
Williams. 

VI. AdiiM., b. Nov. -20, 
1870, at Hiudaor. 
iigene N., b. A|>itl 
•23, 1871, at \Vln.l- 



VII, 



VHL Ct:iraE.,h.Aprilll, 

1873, at (;lai-e- 

mont, X. H. 

.PoiIN li. XouiisE. sou 

of John and MehltabU 

(Rouady) Nourse, was b. 

bi 1806. He was a mechanic. 




400 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

and for mauy years active id business ia Springfield, engaging in many 
difiereut enterprises. He was possessed of a native wit, and his sharp sayings 
are still current. He m. Hannah R. Bisbee, who d. Oct. 25, 1862. Ch. : 

1. Nelson R., who served in the War of the Rebellion in Co. K, 4th 

Reg't Vermont Volunteers, 
n. Luclen. 
III. Mary, who ni. — Bishop, and removed to Buffalo, X. Y. 

Urial G. Xoursk, son of Hiram L. and Zilpha (Spaulding) Nourse, was 
b. at Springfield, May 3, 1831 ; m. Sarah F. Gardner, daughter of John W. 
and Sai-ah (Spear) Gardner, b. at Brimfield, Ohio, Oct. 7, 1835. Ch. : 

I. Charles £., b. at Bowling, 111., Dec. 9, 1855; m. June 16, 1880, Elvira 

X. Phillips. Is connected with the Howe Scale Co. at Rutland. 
II. John v., b. at Bowling, 111., Sept. 28, 1857. 

III. Zilpha S., b. at Grant, III., May 16, I860. 

IV. Mary D., b. at Grant, 111., Aug. 4, 1862; d. in 1895. 
V. Margaret M., b. at Springfield, May 3, 1865. 

VI. Willai-d G., b. at Spnug;ppld, April' 28, 1868. 
VII. Albert R., b. at Springfield, March 17, 1878. 

John Xott was one of the earliest, and probably the first, to settle in 
Springfield. Tradition j^ays that he came in 1752, and built a cabin on the 
farm now owned by Samuel Brown, and that, his wife being of Indian 
blood, the family were never molested bv the Indiiins. He was one of those 
who were ejected from their claims by the proprietors In 1763. He after- 
ward, as the records show, bought and sold considerable land in the town. 
In 1771 he deeded to John Kilburn '* one hundret^ acres of land and a 
mansion house," which was probably on the brook near where Levi White 
now lives. In 1782 he was the ferryman at ^* Xott's Ferrv." It is said that 
he was of small size and neat in appearance, wearing small clothes and long 
stockings, with shining knee buckles, and that he was expert in hunting and 
fishing, and skilful in making wootlen bowls and dippers. 

His first wife was named Huth, and there were six children : 
I. Jesse. 
II. Ruih. 
ICi. John. 
IV. Kilburn. 
V. Omar. 
VI. William. 

He m. 2d, Sept. 7, 1772, Eunice Powers. Ch. : 
VII. Mehitable. 
yill. Irena. 
IX. Martha. 
X. Jesse Gershom. 
XI. Aaron Barrett. 
XII. Arbeath. 

XIII. Minerva. 

XIV. Asahel Powers. 

Mehitable m. Asahel Blodgett, and lived in Springfield. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 401 

Ireim m. :May 27, 180*2, Cyrell Ward. 
Martha m. Jan. 23, 1800, Gideon Walker, Jr. 
John Nott spent his last years with his daughter, Mrs. Blodgett; d. in 
1815. 

Alphonso B. Oaks, son of Seth Oaks, m. Dec. 23, 1874, Martha Spooner, 
daughter of John and Esther (Iliggius) Spooner, b. in Farnham Centre, P. C^., 
March 23, 1857. Ch. : 

I. Charles B., b. in Vergennes, Oct. 20, 1876. 

II. Ernest A., b. in Springfield, March 10, 1878. 
HI. Eva M., b. in Springfield, Aug. 20, 1886. 

Edwin Oaks, soq of Willard and Sally (Bartlett) Oaks, was. b. at Athens, 
Vt., July 12, 1822; m. Oct. 3, 1866, Minerva Austin, daughter of John and 
Pliebe Austin, b. at Montgomery, Vt., July 13, 1833. 

KicnARD O'Brien, son of Michael O'Brien, was. b. in Ireland; m. Sept. 
16, 1860, Joanna Brown, daughter of Edmund and 3Iary (McSweeny) Brown. 
Ch. : 

I. Michael, b. Aug. 16, 1861, at Charlestown, N. II. ; m. Tressle Maloney . 
II. Mary, b. in Charlestown, Jan. 4, 1864. 

III. John, b. in Springfield, Nov. 27, 1866. 

IV. Thomas K., b. in Springfield, September, 1870. 
V. Eddie, b. in Springfield, June 16, 1873. 

VI. Maggie, b. in Springfield, June 18, 1878. 

Patrick O'Connkll, son of William O'Connell, was b. in Ireland; m. May 
Butler, daughter of William and Nano Butler. 

Henry Ogleshy, son of James S. and Ann Maria (Stendon) Oglesby, was 
b. in Sheffield, England, June 8, 1840. He served in the War of the Rebell- 
ion from April 25, 1861, to July 3, 1864, in the 71st Reg't New York Volun- 
teers; res. in Springfield. 

Caia'IN Olney, son of William and Thankful (Bates) Onley, was b. at 
Chester, Vt., June 22, 1834; m. July 18, 1858, Maria C. Durant, daughter of 
Calvin and Clarissa E. (Babcock) Durant, b. at Charlestown, N. H., Aug. 9, 
1841. Ch.: 

I. Herbert Eugene, b. at Chester, March;i2, 1860; d. Sept. 21, 1863. 
II. Lizzie M., b. at Springfield, April, 20, 1862; d. Oct. 1, 1863. 

III. Nellie M., b. Jan. 21, 1864. 

IV. Willie, b. Dec. 27, 1865; d. Aug. 5, 1871. 
V. Fraukie, b. July 22, 1867, d. March 1, 1869. 

VI. Etta Susan, b. Nov. 24, 1870; m. Loren II. Olney. 

VII. George A., b. July 16, 1872. 

VIH. Bertie W., b. July 22, 1874. 

IX. Dexter C, b. July 15, 1877. 

X. Henry L., b. March 26, 1880. 

XI. Ina J., b. Feb. 1, 1883. 

Dexter B. Olney, son of William and llmnkful (Bates) Olney, was b. 
at Springfield, Jan. 6, 1820; m. Sept. 2, 1870, Hannah Bixby, daughter of 
.Joseph and Nancy (Kirk) Bixby, b. at Springfield, May 18, 1818. 



402 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

George Olney, son of William and Thankful (Bates) Olney, was b. at 
Chester, Auj?. 22, 1837: ni. April 17, 1860, Harriet M. Gowiii|2r, daughter 
of Harvey and Lenora (Kendall) Gowing, b. at Cavendish, Vt., Feb. 19, 1838. 
He served in Co. D, 9th Reg't Vermont Volunteers. Cli. : 

1. Jessie L., b. at Chester, Vt., Nov. 24, 1869; ni. Aug. 9, 1887, Herliert 

A. Brittou. 
n. Hattie M., b. Jan. 10, 1876: d. June 9, 188.5. 

Welcome ()i.nev, son of William and — (Phillips) Olney, was b. In 
Springfield, Dec. 1, 1805: d. March 18, 1879: m. Feb. 24, 1831, Elisoi B. Brown, 
daughter of Luke and Elizabeth (Jackson) Brown, b. in Springfield, Sept. 5, 
1805. Cli. : 

I. Lestina A., b. Nov. 9, 1831 : <l. Feb. 17, 1836. 
II. Betsey J., b. Nov. 9, 1834: m. Austin J. Smith. 

HI. Elias W., b. March 6. 18:^7; m. Jan. 2, 1860, Cornelia D. Washburn. 
fV. Thomas J., b. Nov. 5, 1839: m. June 4, 1863, &inih J. Wheeler, 
daughter of Ethan A. and Eliza J. (French) Wheeler, b. in 
Spriugfiehl, Sept. 4, 184:^. Ch. : 

1. Agnes J., b. March 30, 1865: m. Sept. 24, 1884, Will F. Richmond. 

2. Charles L., b. March 5, 1868. 

3. Fred A., b. April 20, 1871. 

4. Ernest R., b. Sept. 8, 1877: d. Jan. 7, 1883. 

Ci.AKK C. Parker, sou of Elisha and A/ubah (Ball) Parker, was b. in 
Springfield, Dec. 23. 1846; m. April, 5, 1876, Ella M. Martin, daughter of 
Dexter and Charlotte (Lee) Martin. Ch. : 

I. Carl C, b. June 24, 1S81 ; d. in infancy. 
II. Erne^it M., b. Sept. 26, 1883. 
III. Alida L.. b. July 4, 1887. 

Emkrv W. Parker, sou of Saiimel and Sally (Stanley) Parker, was b. 
in Clarendon, Vt., Nov. 24, 1824. He is engage<l in blacksmithing and car- 
riage ironing at North Springfield. He m. 1st, N. C. Hey wood; she d. . 

Ch. : 

I. Myron E., b. in Ludlow, Oct. 17, 1840. Heeulisteii in Co. E, 16th 

Reg't Vermont Voluntet»rs: was mustered out Aug. 10, 1863: re-en- 

listetl in Co. A, 3d Keg't : promote<l to corporal ; was kille<l in the 

battU* of C^dar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864. 

11. Ellen N., b. in Springfield, Aug. 29, 1848; d. Oct. 12, 1853. 

HI. Henry E., b. in Ludlow, Nov. 22, 1851: m. Dec. 14, 1875, Gertrude 

S. Keith. 
lb- m. 2d, K. A. Tilson; she d. March 31, 1S6S. 
H** in. 3d, J. L. Smith. 

Ezra Parker camt» to Springfield at an early day. He d. at the age of 
ninety years. Tliore were six children : Solomon, Milo, Eunice, Koxalonia, 
PhileiKla, Tbeda ( . 

Milo, m. Lois Parker. Five children. 

Solomon, was l)orn July 4, 1786: d. Feb. 25, 1849; he m. Dorothy Bowen. 



OP SPEINOFIELD, VT. 



403 



Daniel Bowkn Pakker, son of SolomoD an<l norot)i7 (Bowen) Parker 
was b. io Sprlugfleld, June 3, 1823; m. Dec. 1, 1863, Emma Barrett, daughter 
of AaroD nnd Suean (Graves) Barrett; shed. June 14, 168S. Ch.: 
I. Ella E., b. Sept. 1, 1864. 
II. Everett B., h. Dec. 25. 1885 ; d. June 1, 1S84. 

in. Herbert B., b. April 4, 1870. 

IV. Lilla E., b. April 25, 1876. 

Henry Parker, sou of John and l.avlnia (Mathews) Parker, was b. at 
Windsor, V[., Aug. 15, 1830. Id 1864, In oompany with AlphoDt>o G. Wash- 
burn, he bought the property at Gould's Mills, so called, formerly known as 
Morris's Mills. 'Itiey rebuilt the millB, and put in machinery (or the manu- 
facture of bobbins and spools. Mr. I'lirker moved to Springfield in Xovem- 
ber, 1865, and the business was carrietl ou uuder the firm name of Parker & 
Washburn until Che fall of 1869. Mr. Washburn then sold bUinterest lo Mr. 
Parker, who continued the business with eminent success, employing from 
fltteon to forty hands. Aug. 1, 1682, he sold the property to P. W. and 
S. B. Oould, who have since carried on the basiuess uuder the Jirni name of 
'riie Henry Parker Company. (See sketch.) 

Henry Parker ni. Nov. 7, 1854, Abby S. Washburn, daughter of Alphouso 
G. and Sarah A. (Upham) Washburn. Ch. : 
I. Jennie A., b. n 



kin 



ville, Vt., 



kinsvlUe. Aug. 10, 



111. 



Clifton H., b. at 
SpringHeld, Jan. 
21, 1872. 
IV. Herman A., b. at 
Springfield, May 
0, 1876. 
V. Alice May, b. at 
Springfield, Mav 
11, 1871); a. at 
Charleatown, N. 
H., Aug. 26, 1889. 
Mr. Parker res. at Cliar- 
lestowD. N'. II. 

Henry Parkrr was b. in 
West Windaor, .luly 13, 
irai; ni. Febrnary, ISWi, 
Xancy Robinson of Weatli- 
ersHeld, nnd settled iu 
Springfield, on the Bradford 
farm, in Eureka. He wm 
killed June 8, 1812, at the 




BENJAMIN PARKER. 



404 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

raising of a bam on the Barnard place, the frame being blown over when 

partly raised. Ch. : 

1. Benjamin, b. May 24, ISll; m. July 15, 1834, Betsey FalUun 
of Plainfield, N. H. Aften/^ard res. in Weathersfield, and came 
to Springfield in 1854, locating on a farm near Groold^s Mills. 
In iWSMsas^i^eeefione of the btmrd of selectmen, and served three 
years during the enlistment of volunteers for the Vermont regi- 
ments in the Rebellion. Daring this term of service as selectman 
the town he paid nearly twenty-seven thousand dollars for soldiers* 
bounties. Mr. Parker and Mr. C. A. Forbush arc among the few 
" war selectmen '' now living (1894). Ch. : 

1. Henry Josiah, b. May 2, 1836; m. Nov. 9, 1859, Adelaide E. Put- 

nam . Was a member of Co. U, 16th Reg*t Vermont Volunteers. 
In 1864 he settled in Andover, and became one of the most suc- 
cessful dairy farmers of that section. Is prominent in town 
affairs and has held the most important offices. He represented 
the town in the legislature in 1874, and was senator from 
Windsor County in 1888. One son : 
(1). Edwiu H., b. July 21, 1864. 

2. Sarah Jane, b. Oct. 26, 1838 ; d. June 18, 1842. 

3. Francis Fullam, b. Feb. 2, 1841. Graduated from Tufts College 

in 1865, and from Harvard Medical College in 1869. He began 
the practice of medicine in Chicopee, Mass., in 1870, and has 
become eminently successful in his profession. M. Aug. 21, 
1871, Lizzie E. Denisou. One son : 
(1). Francis D., b. March, 1S73. 

4. Barney W., b. Nov. 29, 1842. Enlisted September, 1862, in Co. 

E, 16th Rog't Vermont Volunteers; d. Sept. 21, 1863, from sick- 
ness caused by the hardship of ser\'ice in the battle of Gottvji- 
burg. 

5. Sardine Gilson, b. Aug. 7, 1845; m. Nov. 1, 1866, Eliza Gould. 

Ch.: 
(1). Charles, b. Sept. 12, 1868. 
(2). Agues, b, Feb. 16, 1870. 
(3). ller»)ert, b. Aug. 7, 1872. 
(4). Etta, b. Jan. 3, 1874. 
Eliza (Goulil) Parker d. Nov. 6, 1874. He m. 2d, Emma PiptT, 

Jan. .30, 1876. One daughter : 
(5). Edith, b. Aug. 11, 1884. 

Lieut. Isaac Parker, b. May 8, 1747, came to Springfield from Chelms- 
ford, Mass., as Ciirh' as 1788, and settled on Parker Hill. He was an officer 
in the Revolutionar\' War and held three commissions, one from the Congress 
of the Colony of Massachusetts, dated May 19, 1775, one from the Couii- 
nental Congress, dated July 1, 1775, signed by John Hancock, president of 
the Congress, and one from the Council of Massachusetts Bay, dated Dec. 1, 
1776. He was at the Battle of Bunker Hill and at Camp Valley Forge, where 
he took the oath of his office before Baron DeKalb, May 13, 1778. 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 405 

He m. March 15, 1770, Elizabeth Walker, b. April 9, 1746, who d. Nov. 11, 
W09. He d. July 19, 1806. Ch. : 

I. Elizabeth, b. in Chelmsford, Maes., Dec. 26, 1770. 
II. Abigail, b. in Chelmsford, Mass., Nov. 10, 1772; m. Feb. 9, 1792, 
liConard Parker. Six children. 

III. Hannah, b. in Chelmsford, Mass., Aug. 19, 1774; d. in infancy. 

IV. Isaac, b. Dec. 27, 1776 ; m. Feb. 3, 1805, Anna Campbell. 

V. Betsey, b. May 1, 1779; m. Leonard Walker, Oct. 28, 1801. (See 
sketch Leonard Walker.) 
VI. Hannah, b. Aug. 12, 1781; m. Aug. 11, 1801, John Fay. 
VII. Thankful, b. April 10, 1784; ra. March, 1809, Bethuel Houghton. 
VIIL Lucretia, b. March 29, 1787; m. Feb. 16, 1814, — Deraing. 
IX. Rebecca, b. June 13, 1790; m. May 22, 1811, James Ranney. 

Jkkkmiah Parkbr, familiarly known as '*Tory Parker," was b. in 
Taunton, Mass., in 1741. In 1771 he settled in Vermont, on Otter Creek, near 
Rutland. After three years he moved with his family of seven children to 
Charlestown, N. H., and located on Beaver Meadow, opposite the farm now 
owned by Robert M. Colburn. Soon after he and his sons began to clear land 
on the Vermont side, and built a log house near where John P. Eaton now 
lives. He afterwards sold this farm to Gren. Morris, and bought the land that 
is now the l*arker farm, owned by Robert M. Colburn. Here he lived until 
his death in the 02d year of his age. It is said that he was the first to intro- 
duce grafted fruit into V^ermoot, and that trees which he grafted are still 
standing on this farm. 

Stephkn J. Parker, son of Jeremiah, was b. in Freetown, now Fall 
River, Mass., July 7, 1770, and was five years old when his father settled in 
Charlestown. With his father and brothers it is said that he worked clearing 
land for the settlers for one dollar and twentj^-five cents a week, half to be 
paid in provisions and clothing. He did not attend school until nine years of 
age, but at the age of seventeen he taught school in Charlestown. Later lie 
served an apprenticeship in the store of a Mr. Cone in Westmoreland, N. H., 
anil afterwards settled in Vermont. 

Xklson Parker, grandson of Stephen J. Parker, and son of Elisha J. ami 
Azubah (Ball) Parker, was b. in Springfield, July 16, 1839. He m. 1st, Lucy 
Seaver. daughter of John and Fanny (Cone) Seaver of Claremont, X. H., de- 
ceased. Ch. : 

I. Ida A., b. May 30, 1867 ; m. July 20, 1892, Edward B. Buck. 
II. Addii* K., 1). Nov, 13, 1872: m. Gershom L. Closson. 
m. Fred Nelson, b. Deo. 18 1878. 

He m. 2d, Esther (Rice) Lawton, daughter of Orriu and Jane W. (Randall) 
Rice. 

Frederick Parks was b. in Charlestown, N. IL, in 1801, and settled in 
Springfield, Vt., in 1829. He was the junior partner of the firm of Davidson 
A Parks. Mr. Parks was a man of sterling integrity and irreproachable 
Christian character, public spirited, always interested in the welfare of society, 
and ready to aid in every good cause. Through his large benevolence and 



4i»6 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

perdODul diameter he was of great value to the town and commuDlty during 
his long and useful life. He m. Elvira Davidson, November, 1824: they had 
five children, Oren H., Martha A., Milan L., Frederick A., and J. Milton. 
Milan L. served in the Civil War and was killed in battle near Richmond, 
June 12, 1864. J. Milton d. at the age of 18 years, and Martha A. at 12; the 
others died quite young. 

Mr. Parks d. Sept. 28, 1877. Mrs. Parks is still living (1894), and continues 
the contributions and liberality so long practised by her husband. 

Lkoxard Parker was one of the early settlers on Parker Hill, and for a 
time kept a tavern. He ni. Abigail, daughter of Lieut. Isaac Parker, Feb. 9, 
1792. Ch. : 

I. Lucy, b. Nov. 20, 1793; d. in Smithville, N. Y. 

II. Curtis, b. Dec. 1, 1795. He ra. June 7, 1818, Betsey Johnson, daugh- 
ter of Willanl Johnson. He d. in 1871. Ch. : 

1. Henry. 

2. Sybil E.. m. Milo Rowell : she d. leaving one son, Willis. 

3. Frank W., b. June 12, 1832 ; m. Jan. 1, 1856, Hannah E. Woodw ard, 

daughter of Jonas and Betsey F. (Hall) Woodward, b. Sept. 7. 

1834. Ch. : 
(1). I^onard IL, b. Dec. 29, 1857 ; d. Aug. 14, 1863. 
(2). Luella E., b. July 17, 1859; d. Aug. 20, 1863. 
(3). Charles IL, b. July 26, 1866. 

III. Sybil, b. March 7, 1798; d. at Smithville, N. Y. 

IV. Betsey, b. Dec. 9, ISOO; m. Jan. 7, 1830, Charles Holt. (See Holt 

family.) 
V. Mary, b. Jan. 3, 1808; m. John Farnham. (See sketch.) 

David W. Parkiilrst, sou of John and Hannah (Johnson) Parkhurst, 
was b. in Audover, Vt., Aug. 24, 1824. Member of Co. K, 16th Rcg't 
Vermont Volunteers: m. Sept. 20, 1853, Eunice A. Slade, daughter of Warren 
W. and Abigail (Severance) Slade, b. in Gill, Mass., Nov. 25, 1825. Ch. : 

I. Ella, b. : ni. March 19, 1877, Charles W. Bridges. 

II. Merrill K., b. Sept. 8, 1861 : m. Jan. 6, 1886, Ella Stevens. 
HI. Freii A., b. Aug. 6, 1867. 

LuciAX N. PaR-M ENTER, SOU of Saniucl J. and Betsey E. (Wooley) Par- 
mentcr, was b. Oct. 5, 1848, in Westminster, Vt.;m. Sept. 18, 1875, Alice R. 
Cutler, (laughter of Enoch and Kuth (Whitcomb) Cutler. Ch. : 
I. Foster Cutler, b. in Springfield, Sept. 10, 1876. 
II. Edna Josephine, b. in Cliester, Oct. 27, 1877. 
III. Bertha Kuth, b. in Springfield, March 12, 1885. 

Elmer E. Parsons, sou of Samuel and Betsev M. Parsons, was b. in 
I^wistou, Me., Aug. 20, 1861; came to Springfield in 1891 ; in jewelry business 
with Doiige & Merrill. 

Henry A. Perkins, son of Sylvester and Jerusha (Newell) Perkins, ^as 
b. in Weathersfield. Feb. 14, 1852. He is a dealer in wool and hides: was for 
several years in business in Springfield ; now located at White Kiver Junction, 




^^^^t^'-J/O-' 




-^^. ::^ -^ 



JOHN PERKINS. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 407 

Vt. He ni. May 14, 1873, Ella J. Marcy, daughter of Edward W. and Mary C. 
(Lazelle) Marcy, b. in Barnard, Vt., Aug. 5, 1862. Ch. : 

I. Fred II., b. at Springfield, April 4, 1877. 

II. I^8lie A., b. at Springfield, July 20, 1880. 

John Perkins was a lineal descendant of John Perkins of Xewcomb, 
Gloucestershire, England, who was b. in 1590, and came with his family to 
Boston in the ship " Lj'on ■' of Bristol, in 1631, and settled in Ipswicht Mass., 
where he d. in 1634. The line of descent is through Thomas Perkins, b. in 
England in 1616, Elisha, b. in Topslleld, Mass., in 1654, Jacob, b. in same 
place in 1692, Joseph, b. in same place in 1738, and Henry Perkins, also b. in 
Topsfleld, Aug. 23, 1767, and who removed to Unity, X. II., with his parents 
in 1776. He m. Mehitable Ladd of Unity, and moved to Charlestown, X. H., 
oil tlie banks of IJttle Sugar Kiver. Here John Perkins, the oldest son, was 
b. Feb. 13, 1701. He came to Springfield with his parents in 1810, and located 
south of the village, on the farm now owned by John Hall. Soon after he en- 
listed as private in Capt. Adams's company of Vermont militia, in the War of 
IS 12, and was at Plattsburgh most of his time of service. After the war he 
engaged in mercantile business witli Jonathan Chase, at the stand now oc- 
cupied by W. H. Wheeler. He afterward purchase4l tlie store and the brick 
house north of it, and for many years had a country store on the corner. 

He was made captain, colonel and general of the militia, in his younger 
•luvs, and was ever after known as '* General Perkins.'' He held manv im- 
l)ortant positions in town and village, and was mainly instrumental in securing 
a charter for the village, in organizing a tire department and establishing the 
town library. 

He was esi)ecially active and persistent in his efforts to have the Excliange 
Hank chartered, and was a director of the same during its existence. By di- 
rection of the village corporation, he had tlie streets cleared of obstructions, 
so that sidewalks could be made, and laid the first stone walk in the village. 
For many years he was overseer of the poor, and through liis management 
the town farm became one of the most productive in town. He d. Dec. 25, 
1866. June 8, 1825, he m. Josephine Whipple, daughter of Jonathan Whipple, 
and lived in the brick house now owned by W. H. H. Slack. Ch. : 
I. Ellen M., b. Xov. 4, 1827 ; il. July 25, 1831. 

II. John Whipple, b. Jan. 21, 1831 ; drowned in Black River, Dec. 19, 
1837. (See account.) 

III. Henry Whipple, b. June 2. 1834; graduate of Dartmouth College. 
Lawyer in Chicago. 

Mrs. Josephine Maria Whipple, wife of the late Gen. John Perkins, d. at 
her resilience in Springfield, Feb. 20, 1887, aged 88 years. 

During her long life, the most of which was spent in Springfield, she was 
always reatiy to visit and assist the sick, and would make eflbrt and sacrifices 
to do so. She always liked the company of young people, and wanted them 
often at her house. Though much enfeebled in her last years by paralysis, 
she enjoyed the visits of relatives and friends, and was never tired of seeing 
people. 

Mrs. Perkins was the third daughter of the hite Jonathan Whipple, who 



408 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

was for many years Judge of Probate In tl|i8 county. She was m. to the hite 
Geu. Perkins in 1825, and in IS^ came to this village and resided for nineteen 
years in the house opposite the hotel, and for eleven years in the brick house 
opposite the Congregational church. 

DEATH OF .lOHX W. PERKINS, SON OF GEN. JOHN PERKINS. 

I'he death by drowning of the young son of Gen. Perkins, at the age of 
seven years, caused great excitement in the village of Springfield and sur- 
rounding country. On Dec. 19, 1837, he left his home after dinner for school. 
For some reasou he had a great dislike to the teacher, and did not want to go 
to school. The ground was covered with ice, and it is supposed that he took 
his sled, ami went sliding, but no reliable information as to where he was 
that afternoon has ever been obtained. When he did not return at supper 
time his parents were alarmed, and a search was immediately instituted. At 
first quite a number reported that the boy had l)een seen at different places, 
but when investigated these rumors were found to be groundless. The whole 
village was soon aroused, and searching parties were sent in all directions. 
Reports having been received that the boy had been seen at some distance 
from the village, rewards were ofl%»red and advertisements inserted in all the 
newspai>ers. The river was clearecl of ice Inflow the falls, and at the dam by 
the Williams mill, and dragged for his body, 'llie same was done at other 
places on the river, and over a thousand men at different times offered their 
services in this work. Everything that was suggested was done by the l>e- 
reaved parents to recover the body ; the efforts were continued for a long 
tim<», and given up only when there seemed no chance for success. 'Hie bo4ly 
was found the 6th of May, 1888, in the canal at Bellows Falls, and the funeral at 
the L'nion Church was one of the largest ever known in Springtield. 

All kinds of surmises have been had as to where the boy fell into the river, 
but the parents always felt that it was near the house lately occ*uple<l hy 
Albert Brown. Screams a? of a child were heard in that vicinity the night 
he disappeared, and it is supposetl that in some manner he fell through the 
ice in the darkness, and, while clinging to tbe edge of the ice in trying to 
climb out, he uttered the cri<»s that were heard. 

.TlniL'S O. Pf.rkins, son of Luke and Elizabeth (Cross) Perkins, was h. 
in Weatherstield, Vt., March 7, 1S45. lie is a carpenter and l)uiMer. He ni. 
1st, Julv 4, lS6i», Jennie E. l.oekwcMMl, daujjrhter of Lewis and Betsev 
(Ellison) Lockwood. She d. in 1SS5. lie m. 2d. Abbie H. Tower, daughter 
of Abraham and Nancy (Thornton) Tower. Ch. by 1st marriage: 
1. Clyde Elvin, b*. April 7, 1^7:^ 
11. Marv .lane, b. June 3. 1878. 
III. Harold Lockwood, b. Jan. \K 1SS5. 

Geougk B. Perkin, son of Lewis L. and Mary (Crow ell) Perrin, was b. 
in Lowell, Mass., March 27, 1857. He is a photognipher, and now in the 
business in Springfield. He m. Oct. VA, 1>^S0, Cora F. Bates, daughter of Cal- 
vin and Fannv (Parker) Bates. Ch. : 

L Lewis L.. b. at Chester, March liO, 1S82. 




JEROME W. PIERCE. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 409 

Herbert M. Perr\% mouldier, son of .Jarvis and Sai-ah (Bigelow) Perry, 
was b. at Winchester, N. H., May 12, 1852; m. Nov. 18, 1S74, Ella Hoot, 
daughter of Joseph and Leuora (Davis) Root, b. March 25. 1855, at Norwich, 
Vt. Ch. : 

I. Gertie L., b. April 8, 1877, at Springfield. 
II. Leslie M., b. Jan. 9, 1883, at Springfield. 

Alfred S. Philbrook, eon of Benjamin and Uuamy (Sinclair) Philbrook, 
was b. in Haniwick, Vt., May 2, 1803; m. Nov. 2, 1S33, Susan Clough, duugli- 
ter of Samuel and Ruth (Sly) Clough. Ch. : 

I. Hiram A., b. Oct. 2, 1834; m. Louisa King. 
U. Josepli W., b. Nov. 19, 1836; m. Carrie Bacon. 

III. Charles C, b. Sept. 12, 1841 ; m. Alvira Bacon. 

IV. Susan E., b. Oct. 25, 1845; m. Willard C. Severance. She d. July 22, 

1882. 

Riley Phillips, ni. Hannah Bigelow, daughter of John and Sarah (Wis- 
well) Bigelow. Ch. : 

I. Henry H. PWllips, b. April 30, 1844. Served in the Rebellion in Co. 
E, 2d U. S. Sliarpshooters. He ni. Sept. 4, 1865, Emma Parker, 
daughter of James and Sophia (Hopkins) Parker. Ch. : 
1. Etta B., b. Oct. 30, 1877. 

Edw^aud E. Pierce, son of Leonard Pierce, was b. in Westminster, Vt., 
July 3, 1845. Member of Co. H, 14th Reg't New Hampshire Volunteers. He 
m. Nov. 27, 1872, Ella M. 01 ney, daughter of Asahel and Mary E. (B4»mis) 
Olney, b. in Springfield, Jan. 19, 1854. Ch. : 

I. Ellen, b. in Walpole, N. H., June 9, 1880. 

Jerome W. Pierce, son of Simeon and Dorcas (Andrews) Piercts was b. 
at Windham, Vt., Nov. 29, 1835. He is the seventh in descent from Capt. 
Michael Pierce, who was killed in the Indian war at Pawtucket Falls, Marcli 
26, 1676. Capt. Michael Pierce, Hingham and Scituate, Mass., 1 ; Capt. 
Benjamin Pierce, Scituate, Mass., 2; Ebenezer Pierce, Scituiite and Attle- 
boro, Mass., 3; Benjamin Pierce, Attleboro, Mass., and Westmoreland, N. IL, 
4; Benjamin Pierce, Westmoreland, N. II., and Windham, Vt., 5; Simeon 
Pierce, Windham, Vt., 6; Jerome W. Pierce, 7. 

Jerome W. Pierce preparetl for college at Black River Academy*, Ludlow, 
Vt., and at Oberlin, Ohio; gratluated from Antioch College, Yellow Springs, 
Ohio, Jun<», 1859, the year of the death of the president, Horace Mann. Had 
charge of a college in Mississippi until the breaking out of the war; studied 
law witli E. II. Stoughton at Bellows Falls; admitted to the bar in Windham 
County in 1862, and in .June of the same year commenced practice in Spring- 
field. He was a candidate of the Democratic party for Congress in 1872, and 
for lieutenant-governor in 1878 ; was appointed postmaster in Springfield in 
1885, served until August, 1890, and was again appointed in August, 1894. 

He has always been a good worker in matters of public interest. He pre- 
pared tlie first articles of incorporation of Springfield village; has always 
taken good interest in the puljlic scliools, and was one of the workers to bring 
about the union of the three school districts in the village into one central. 



410 HISTORY OP THE TOWN 

graded school, and is now (1894) one of the school board in charge of the 
building of a large and long hoped for central high school building. 

He secured from the late Henry Barnard a written memorandum ready for 
signature, giving the terms on which Mr. Barnard would become an incorpo- 
nitor of the town library, and would give toward the same any sum, not to 
exceed three thousand dollars, that would be matched by a like sura from any 
other source, but when the fund was obtained from the sale of the seminary 
property, Mr. Barnard attached such new and unreasonable conditions to his 
offer that it was useless to try to comply with them. 

Mr. Pierce is a Unitarian in his religious views, and has always been an 
active worker in the Universalist Society. 

He m. July 19, 18&4, Eugenia L. Stark of Morgan, Ohio. She d. March 27, 
1866. He m. 2d, Oct. 29, 1867, at Berlin, Ohio, Anna E. Brooks, daughter of 
John and Adaline (S<iuire8) Brooks. She was b. at Florence, Erie County, 
Ohio, May 19, 1837, prepare<l for college at the preparatory school of Oberliu 
College, and graduated from Autioch College in 1862, having complete<l the 
full classical course. Most of the next live years she spent in teaching and 
in the study of art, taking lessons in painting of lusco Williams of Cincinnati. 
Ohio. Ch. : 

I. Frank Brooks Pierce, b. Aug. 25, 1868; was for some time editor and 

publisher of the San Angelo (Texas) Enterprise, 
II. Jessie Brooks Pierce, b. May 27, 1878. 

III. Clara A. Pierce, b. July 13, 1881. 

Jonas Pieime came to Springtield very early from Weston , Mass. He was 
b. July 7, 1830; in. 1st, Sarah Bridge; she d. Sept. 19, 1772; m. 2d, Lydia 
Gregory. He d. in Springfield, Jan. 27, 1819. Ch. : Matthew, Jonas. Asa, 
ITiadileus, Molly, Annu, Isaac, Abigail. 

I. Matthew Pierce, oldest child of Jonas, was b. in Ashburuham. Mass.. 
Oct. 15, 1755. lie was a soldier in the Revolution. In 1796 he 
moved to Weathersfleld, and lived one year on the farm now owned 
by Josliua L'pham, then came to Springfield, in 1797, and locate*! on 
what is known as the John Johnson place, now owned by A»iua 
Brown. He d. liere June 16, 1835. He was one of the fifty-nine 
members who organized the Baptist church at North Springfield ; 
in 1803, and was prominent in church affairs. He m. 1st, Sally 
Taiuter; she d. June 25, 1820; m. 2d, Kutli Robinson. Ch. : 

1. Sarah, b. April 3. 1778; ni. Nathaniel Hudson; d. in Baltimore. 

Vt., April 14, 1847. 

2. Lydia, b. April 12, 1782; m. David Chaplin, d. Aug. 29, 1867. 

3. Xathauiel, b. April 9, 1784; m. Anna Davis, and lived in Spring- 

tield, on the farm iuJEureka nowfowned by Mrs. Achsa Grow. 

He moved to Weatherstield in 1840. Ch. : 
(1). Lousia. 
(2). Nathaniel B. 
(3). Lorinda. 

(4). Abigail, b. in 1812; m. Solomon Spencer of Springfield; d. 
in 1858. 



OF 8PKINOFIELD, VT. 



(5). LuelusM. 

(8). WlUard D. 

(7). George E. 

(8). .lohn. 

(9). Sttuuy A. 

II»niuih, b. Oct. 19, 1787; m. Dec. U, 1810, [,ulln;r lUywood; 

res. in Luillow. 
Xaucy, )>. April 20, 178U; m. Jan. 10, I.SIR, .loiiulhiiii .Smith ; il. ia 

Middlebur.v. Iti 1874. 
Johu, b. In AHhburnham, Mass., Aug. 20, 17S4: eiimc to Spring- 
Held with hia father, in 1797, and aUviiyg lived in Sprliigflehl. 
He il. March ID, 1861. He m. .hiii. 26, 1815, AblgiiU Huywooil, 
daughter of David Hajwood of VVeathei-afield. < 1i- ■■ 
(1). John C, b. Oct. 16, 1816; d. May 23, 1835. 
(2). Eunice A., b. Nov. 14, 1821 ; m. Feb. 23, 1842, Pnrkuiaii 
Davis ; rei. iu SpriDgfleld, lamr in Chiciigo. C'h. : 
[1]. ArvilU M., b. Aug. 8, I84lf; m. Henry Austin. 
[2]. Harlan J., b. Feb. 8, 1848. 
[3]. Leroy I'.. Ii. March IS, 18.W. 
r4], Islllite, l>. .Iu>ie4, 18n7. 
(3). Edsou .\., 
b. .4ug. 11, 




HISTOBY OP THE TOWN 



ter, n-here he now resides. He ro. Dec. 19, 1S49, Mary 
Rarrelt, daii;;tater of CbsTtes and Polly (Jackm:iiij 
Barrett of WeattiersBeM. Ch. : 
[I]. John C, b. Dec. 18, 1850; d. in IntaDcjr. 
[2]. Flora E , b. May -29, 1853 ; m. July 18, 1877, Geor^ A. 
BrowD of Plymouth, now a lawyer in Boston. Ch. : 
Nelson Pierce, b. May 13, ISTS. 
Kuth. b. Dec. 1, 1883. 
James Barrett, b. March 3, 1883. 
[3], Abby I,., h. June 13, 1854; m. Oct. 15, 1878, Lewis 
Herrick (see Herricfc Isroily) ; res. in New HaTeu, 
Conn. 
[4]. Xellte A., b. July at, 1863; m. Not. 9. 188), Georp.- 
F. Inland, of Ihe flrm of C. A, Leland & Son, mer- 
chants in Springtleiil. (See I.eland family.) 
Mary J., b. Oct. 7, 1832: in. Henry Wright of Rocliinghani. 

Ch.: 
fl]. Wiilti-rM., jeweller Id Ashbnmluiin, Mass. 
[:!]. Henry, station agent and tetegraph operator at Bar- 
toiisville, Vt. 
y, l>. X..V. 30, i79!i; m. Daniel Bixby: res. in Keadiug, Vt. 

— r Levi Pipek, b. June 28, 

1793, was the Ma of Noah 
Pipfr, who was one of the 
flr» settlers In Biiltimore. 
and came from Connei'ticut. 
'ITiere were twelve children. 
Levim. Jan. 11, 1816, Marion 
Bartlett, who was nlso of 
a family of twelve children, 
and they both nutlive<l tin- 
other twetity-twc. 

'ITiey moved from Balti- 

more to Springflelil in 18.%li. 

He d. Jan. 3. 1877, and hi* 

wife d. Jan.26, 18S2. Cli. : 

1. Edwin. l>. Dec. U. 

1817: d. April it. 

1893. 

[I. 



Martha, b. May 4, 

1823; d. Aug. 14, 

18T1. 
Edwin m. Esther A. 

Brlerly, who d. 

Oct. 14. 1890. He 




EDWIK PIPER, 




fRM'PO"''"- 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 413 

was long and well known to the people of this town, conscientious 
and upright in all business affairs. Ch. : 

1. Foster L., b. March 3, 1850; ni. May 31, 1876, Sarah J. Adams of 

Springfield. Ch. : 
(1). Nellie May, b. April 9, 1885. 
(2). Herbert Foster, b. April 24, 1894. 

2. Mary Jane, b. April 22, 1860; m. WiHij* Prescott; res. in Epping, 

N. H. 

Dr. Frank E. Pomroy, son of David A. and Jane (Starkey) Pomroy, was 
b. Nov. 5, 1850, at West Swanzey, N. II. lie is a dentist, and in business 
in Springfield. lie m. Jan. 9, 1879, Mary E. Kidder, daughter of Abel and 
Clarissa (Taylor) Kidder, b. in Townshend, Vt., Dec. 10, 1850. 

Charles E. Porter, son of Samuel and Mehitable (Fletcher) Porter, was 
b. in Dummerston, Vt., in 1806. He learned the machinist trade in Greenwich 
Mass., and after his apprenticeship was associated with his brother Frederick 
in the manufacture of card clotliing in Springfield. He d. in 1859, leaving 
a widow, Mrs. Ann E. Porter, and one son, Charles Emerson Porter, both now 
residing (1894) in Newburyport, Mass. 

Frederick Augustus Portkr, son of Samuel and Mehitable (Fletcher) 
Porter, was b. in Dummerston, Vt., Sept. 3, 1796. While very young he 
manifested a great fondness for mechanics, and in his boyhood was able to 
manofacture many useful articles with tlie limited number of tools at his com- 
mand. In his teens he taught school as a source of income, but what spare 
time he had was devoted to subjects pertiiiniug to the mechanic arts. His 
first work away from home was at Greenwich, Mass., where he was employed 
in making parts of machines for making card clothing from sample pieces 
given him to duplicate, and it was here he conceived the idea of improving 
upon the construction of these machines, and built up a business for him- 
self in the manufacture of cards. An opportunity was soon presented at 
Springfield, Vt., about the year 1825, where a good water power was 
secured, and his two brothers, Samuel W. and Charles E. Porter, joined him 
as partners in the enterprise, under the name of F. A. Porter & Co, By Mr. 
Porter's superior inventive talents and mechanical skill, machines were made 
producing cards of the best quality, far in advance of any made in this 
country at that time, and tlie company were usually crowded with orders. 
'Vhe secret of their success was in tlie perfection of their machines. They 
were constructed in such a manner as to be in a great measure automatic in 
their movements, re<iuiring only one operative to care for twenty machines. 
If a tooth was slightly bent in setting, or was missed altogether, or if there 
was a slight variation in the length of the teeth, the machine would stop ; in 
fact, if there was any imi)erfection in the card as it was produced, the 
machine would refuse to run, thereby giving warning to the attendant. 
Although Mr. Porter made many valuable improvements in card machines, 
he never would trust to a patent for protection, but always kept his machine 
room strictly private. 'Vhe, business was carried on successfully until Mr. 
Porter's health failed, and his brother Charles dying in 1859, the business was 
then discontinued. 



414 HISTORY OP THE TOWN 

Fre<lerick A. Porter m. Sept. 3, 1828, Haonah ITiayer, daughter of Thadeus 
and Roby (Smith) Tha.ver of DummergtOD. Vt., b. Feb. 13, 1804. He d. 
Feb. 17, 1867. Mrs. Porter d. m Sprinjg^eld, July 5. 1891. Universally 
known as ^* Aunt Hannah." she will long be remembered as one of the most 
intelligent, active and useful women of her generation. Ch. : 

I. Mary Eliz-ibeth, b. Aug. 16, 1830; m. Frederick Wilkinson of New 
York City; d. Sept. 24, 1864, leaving two sons, Frederick P. 
and Byron, who are in business in New York. 
II. Grace Ann, b. June 22, 1831 ; d. at her sister's residence in New York 
at the age of 29. 

George Washington Porter, son of Samuel and Mehitable (Fletcher) 
Porter, was b. in Dummerston, Vt., July 28, 1800. He was for many years a 
merchant in Springfleid, and for twenty-five years was treasurer of the 
Springfield Savings Bank, being chosen treasurer at its organization. He 
was a careful and judicious business man, noted for his accurate methods 
and integrity. He d. May 14, 1879. He m. Lucretia H. Bordurtha. Ch. : 
I. George C, b. in Ware, Mass., May 24, 1830, was for some years in 
business with his father in Springfield, and later was assistant 
treasurer of the Springfield Savings Bank; now res. in Dover, N. J. 
He m. 1st, Harriet A. Cram; m. 2d, Mary E. Milliken. Ch. by last 
marriage : 
1. Artie F. ; m. Arthur L. Richards of Newark, N. J. 
n. Samuel W., master armorer at the U. S. Armory at Springfield, 
Mass., d. 1894. 

III. William H. H., b. , 1840. He went into the hardware business as 

ottice boy in the employ of Frye, Phipps & Co. of Boston, and for 
nearly twenty-five years was a member of that firm. He had a 
large personal and business following, was a man of rare honesty 
and integrity. He d. in 1887. 

IV. Helen M., d. . 

V. Edward C d. . 

VI. Albert E. 

Samuel Waki>swokth Porter, who was a resident of Springfield for 
nearly seventv years, was born in Town.«*hend, Vt., Nov. 4, 1792. His auces- 
tors, as far as they can be traced, were : 

1st, .Tohu Porter, born in Dorset, England, in 1596, and a resident of Iliug- 
ham, Mass. (Dan vers), in 1G35. 

2d, Joseph Porter, baptized in Hingham. Sept. 9, 1038. 

3d, Deacon William Porter, b. Aug. 30, 1674, lived in Topsfield, Mass., 
afterwani removed to Norton, Mass., and d. in Braintree, Mass. 

4th, Jabez Porter, grandfather o'f .*^anmel W., b. in Topsfield, Mass., Feb. 1, 
1723, graduated at Harvard College, and lived in Braintree, Mass. School 
teacher by profession, his school l>eing spoken of in the town records as the 
** Latin School," and his special work was in fitting young men for Harvard 
College. Several of his text-books are still in possession of the Porter fam- 
ily, some of tlieni dating back to 1537. 

5th, Samuel Porter, father of Samuel W., l)orn in Braintree, Mass., in 176.'^, 




^ 



GEO. W.PORTER 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. -1^15 

received his education ut his father's (Jabez Porter's) school, preparatory for 
college, aud graduated at Dartmouth College iu 1700. He was a lawygr of 
eraiuence, elected to the office of Chief Judge of the Windham County Court 
in 1801, and lived in Dummerston, Vt. 

Four of his sons settled in Spriugfleld, Vt., viz. : Samuel W., Frederick A., 
George W. and Charles E. Porter. Their mother, Mehitable (Fletcher) Porter, 
was a daughter of Gen. Samuel Fletcher, who was one of the first settlers of 
Townshend, Vt., aud who joined the American standard at Bunker Hill in 
1775 as orderly sergeant, afterward chosen captain of militia, and did good 
service at '' Old Ti " in 1777. 

Samuel W. Porter received his education at Newfaue, Brattleboro and Ches- 
tt»r Academies, studied law with Hon. William C. Bradley of Westminster, Vt., 
and first opened an otHce in Putney, but removed to Springfield, December, 
1815, where he spent the rest of his life. Identifying himself heartily with 
every movement to further the interests of the town and county, he was made 
the recipient of many honors at the disposal of the people, being -elected 
town representative in 1827 and 1828, county judge from 1828 to 1837, a mem- 
l)er of the Council of Censors and of the First Vermont Senate in 1836 an<l 
1837, also town clerk from 1848 to 1881. 

He married Fanny Richards, daughter of Hon. Mark Richards of Westmin- 
ster, Vt., which resulted in a happy union for half a century. Mrs, Porter, 
before her marriage, lived in Westminster, and an incident which occurred in 
1809 or 1810 was often related by her, showing an element of barbarism in 
the laws of that time aud how the law was executed. A woman was sen- 
tenced to be publicly whipped at Newfane with the cat-o'-nine-tails, — thirty- 
seven lashes applied upon tlie bare back. The execution of this sentence de- 
volved upon the high sheriff, Mark Richards, and his deput}^ Lemuel Whit- 
ney. Mr. Richards gave orders to his daughter Fanny aud a daughter of Mr. 
Whitney to prepare the scourge. This they did in the cause of humanity by 
making the tails of slack-twisted woollen yarn, and the scourge was applied 
according to law, but left no marks. It was probablj' the last sentence under 
this law before its repeal. 

The first post ofiice in Springfield was established in the fall of 1818, Mr. 
Porter receiving the appointment of postmaster Xov. 28 of that year, ;\m\ 
holding the ottice until 1828. 

.Judge I*oi*ter was emphatically a gentleman of the ohl school, very genial in 
his social intercourse, and always deemed it a i)leasure to confer a favor. JJe 
was plain in his manner of living, tcmiH»rsite in his habits, and avoided excite- 
ment of every form, which may account for his geiM»ral good health and his 
long life of usefulness. The town records were kept by him for thirty-three 
successive years, and the last i)age recorded by him is written with as firm antl 
steadv a hantl as the first. 

Mi-s. Porter die<l March 11, 18G1), aged 82 yeai*s. Judge Porter died in his 
ninetieth year, Aug. 11, 1882, at the residence of his son, Frederick W. Porter, 
and was at that time the oldest member of the Wimlsor County bar. Ch. : 

I. Helen Ann, b. Jan. 3, 1814; m. Sept. 10, ISii^, Dr. Henry F. (Vain. 

(See Crain family.) 
II. Mark Richards, b. Dec. 10, 1821 : d. Aug. 11, 184S. 



m HISTOKV OK THE TOWS 

III. FmhTick ^Vunli^woiili. Ii. In S|iiiii^rlclil. (h-t. J7. K-23. nnd <-)LiiiMIfil »i 
tht' iHililli' si-liiHilii In SpriiiKlli'lil :in(l at Kinihiill ['nloii Ai'ad<>Miy. 
MPrideii, X. H. At u M?ry variy jiki" lie rfimviills lUPfh.t nival turn 
of mini), :iiiil uiis I'licniiracHd In IhU lUrvctUiii l>.v hi* ■iDch>. Fml- 
I'lii^k A. ToitiT. nlio wai< ii Hist-vlasd im-vhaiih-. nixl whn allimoil 
liim till- it-ic "f liis iiHiln mid iniH-htiw riHiiii, At the*iifp> of p]i>v<-ri 
vi'iirs he liml fniiiilriu-ri'il ;i jH'rfect niitiiht;; ^iulHture 'Irani hh- 
>!ln<-. unci ii|i|)ll'-il it* iHiu't-r t'l proiH-lIln;;' a niiiifHtiin- ftI>-Hiii)Mi;it i>n 
rill' rKvr. Sihki afu-v tin- url of tiiklH<; |>li-liiii-:f liv llic najiiuTn'un 
|.r.Hf>* >vii> lin-iL^'lir l<. IliU .•ouiiliy. :in'l Mr. n.riir. tli<-n «Kiit«-n 
■si.UI. i-..nivivwllli.-iilfii 
liikiiiy liiiii«>lf iiiiincr of 

*iiuniNif |il<..SMirf :ni() jin.Ui. 
Tlii-: 111' ;ii-i-oiii|itU)inl iiniliT 
tlic iiistniiHiin iif Ml-. V.-in 

t^ >f Xi'w York In rli.' 

full of 1«41. aixl iirr<'rw-..inl 
iMimiiiiii'il thf 1 11 isi 1111)4 of 
tiikiii}r Iik4-ne#<i-s Iiy tliis 

■UH'Iiili-il wirli Mr. Hoi^Kv 
Jl. Wliiinion'. ni^v wi'n- 
;lllloiiK till' rtr^t to fntr<Hliivi> 
till- an l1ii-iMi)rli tl»* conntrv. 

:IIW1 (lll-y IlliKll- IL SIKIf." of 

111- l.iiM(i>.«. In till- siHin- 
f IfiM Mr. l'»rl<-r i|«i.l.-.L 
II iiiiiki' till' ji-wclrv Inisini— < 

rrniipil nitli lli-itisrjiiitil ^i^- 
Iros. of Itiirlin^on, Vt., I.ir 
vfiirV InsinHtloit in wntdi 
lork .inil >-welry lHisin<'-.< 




u-rs1ii{>. tUf rtriii li:iit 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 417 

bouglit the buildiu*!: fonuerly occupied by F. A. Porter & Co. iu 
tnukin;; card clotliin;^^, and e^lt^^blislled the busiuet^s of manufactur- 
ing toy carriages under the name of the Sj)ringfteld Toy Manufac- 
turing ('onii)any, wliich was afterward continued by Mr. Porter 
with K. II. IIoll)rook as a partner. This business re(|uired for its 
success just what Mr. Porter was capable of furnishing, viz., the 
yearly prochiction of new-style carriages, original in design and at- 
tractive in appearance. His best ett'orts in tliis line were protected 
by patents, and were staple goods in the market for many years. The 
business of this company increase<l rai)idly from itj* commence- 
ment, and their goods were liandled in nearlv everv citv in the 
Tnited States, San Francisco alone taking about §5,000 wortli an- 
nually. When interrogated as to his business, Mr. Porter would 
reply tliat making seventy-five thousand children hai)i)y every year 
(a toy carnage for each one) was glory enough for any firm. This 
business was conduct^'d in a systematic manner, no pay-<lay was 
allowed to pass without making full settlement with tlie help, and 
the piinciple that a credit kept good at liome would not suffer 
abroad was scrui)ulously adhered to. 
Although naturally of a retiring tlisi)osition. Mr. Porter <lid not 
hesitate to accept public positions. He was town represeutiitive in 
1878-71), ami was fretpientiy cliosen to fill town, village and school 
district offices. He was postmaster during tlie administrations of 
Lincoln and of Johnson. He m. Oct. 2o, 1841), Caroline Silsby of 
( 'harlestown. N. IL Tlieir religious ])references are Swedenbor- 
glan. antl they take great comfort in its teachings. Ch. : 

1. Anna Silsby. 1). June 22, 18.51 ; m. Oct. 1), 1872, Jolin Worthington 

Marsh, lawyer, b. at Woodstock. Vt.. and n^sides at Chicago. 

Ch.: 
(1 }. John Porter, b. Feb. 25, 1874. 
(2). Miriam Klizabetli, b. Aug. 10, 1875. 

2. William Bradley, b. Feb. 22, 1855; d. Sept. 12, 1871. 

3. Frank Farrington, b. .June .SO, 1858; m. March 8, 1880, Jessie M. 

Woo<l of Springfield ; res. in Springfield, Mass. ' 

4. KlizalMith West, b. June 4, 18(W; m. Sept. 5, 1891, F. H. Babcock. 

5. IJussell William, b. Dec. 13, 1871. 

IV. Frances Harriet, b. Xov. 17, 1831; m. Koyal Blake Stearns of Wood- 
stock. Vt. (merchant). Ch. : 

1. Frederick Kichards, b. April 20, 18.54; m. Jan. 1, 1885, Ida Connor 

of Santa Clara, Cal. Ch.: 
(1). Klbert I*orter Stearns. 

2. Margaret Klizai, b. May 20, 1857; m. Jan. 16, 1877, Hoisted Burnet 

of St. L<mis. Cli. : 
(1). William I^u-ter Burnet, b. Jan. 11), 1878. 

Jekatiimiel Po>VKKi5, b. in Littleton, Mass., in 1718, came to Springfield 
with his familv about 1772, and settled on the Crown Point Koad. He was 



418 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

promiuent iu iK>litieal aitairs iu thoi«e early days. He d. 'Sl&y 17« 1805. His 
wife Eunice d. Aug. 9, 1794. Ch. : 
I. David. 
II. Eunice. 
UI. Asahel. 
r\'. P^ter. 
V. Moses. 
YI. Blanehard. 

VII. Auna, b. iu Springfield, Oct. 3, 1774. 
VUI. Cynthia, b. in Springfield, July 19, 1777. 
IX. Eunice, b. June 19, 1757, was the second wife of John Xott. 

AsAiiEL Power;;, second son of Jerathmlel, b. Sept. 29, 1759, In Shirley^ 
Mass., came to Springfield with his father in 1772. At the age of fifteen he 
enliste<l in the anny for eight months, and was at the Battle of Bunker Hill. 
At the expiration of his term of enlistment he returned to Springfield and 
)oine<l the exi)edition to Ticonderoga and Quebec. In May, 1776, being sick 
with sniall-]>ox. his comrades left him at a place called Patricks Hole, where he 
was taken prisoner and carried to Quebec. He was first placed in the jail and 
nfterward taken to the hospital. By the kindness of the surgeon in charge he 
was i)ennitted to live in the home of a Mr. Galway, an Irish gentleman, who 
was friendly to the cause of the colonists. Here he was kindlv treated and 
:iii<h*d to escai>e and return to his home in Springfield. 

Mr. Powers was a man of more than oniinarv abilitv, and was consi<l€red a 
sharp, shn*wd i)ettifogger or justiiv lawyer. He was always called " Esquire 
Powers." 

He was a Methodist hi religion and one of the trustees of the Methodist 
Episcopal society, and among the foremost in building the first Methodist 
meeting-house on Seminary Hill, now used for a school building. He m. 
Eleanor Bragg, daughter of Nicholas Bragg. Ch. : 

1. Polly, b. Jan. 12, 1782: m. Oct. «. 1804, Oliver Fairbanks. 

2. rvnthia, b. Julv 17. 17J^ : m. Hichanl McAllister. Ch. : 
(1). Major. 

(|J). Eleanor. 

M. 2il, Deo. 4. 1S14. Daniel Brooks. 

3. Eleanor, b. Dec. 2. 1786: m. Jan. 12, 1806, Warden Place. 

4. Asahei Powers. Jr., b. Feb. 2.5, 1789: m. Man'h 29, 1812. Sophia 

Lvnde. 

ft 

.5. Major, b. Marcli 20. 1791: m. .Tan. 18, 1815, Hannah Parsons. 

0. Peruielia, b. Aiiril 17. 1793: m. Nov. 14, 1816, Ebenezer Harlow. 

7. William B.. b. Aug. 27. 1795: m. Aug. 14, 1821. Sarah B. Eveleth. 

8. Uetsey. b. Nov. 4. 1797. 

9. George, h. July 3. 1800. 

10. Submit, b. Oct. 0. 1802: m. 11. W. Pui^v. 

Nathan S. Pkoit* >ii. son of Nathan and Harriet (Dorand) Proctor, was b. 
in Kockingham in 1837. He came to Springfield in 1872, and engagwl in the 
meat business with R. I.. Lovell. He has lived in Springfield since, except a 
short time in the meat ])usiness at IWUows Falls. He m. Martha Ann Felch, 
daughter of Warren and Elvira (Webb) Felch, b. in Rockingham in 1840. Ch, : 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 419 

I. Wells Herbert, b. iu Rockingham in 1865 ; m. Launi Mclntyre, daugh- 
ter of William R. and Amanda (Lucas) Mclntyre of Springfield. 

Eli p. B. Pui^ipiier, son of William W. and Electa (Barnes) Pulsipher, 
was b. in Rockingham, Jan. 18, 1839. lie came to Springfield in 1873, and was 
eight yeai*8 in hardware business with ^y, H. H. Putnam, the firm being 
Putnam & Pulsipher. In 1881 he sold to Putnam, and a year later engaged in 
the livery business, which he still continues, keeping seventeen horses. He m. 
1st, Sept. 2, 1873, Emma S. Smalley, daughter of Charles and Delina (Davis) 
Smalley. She d. in 1885. He m. 2d, May 20, 1890, Nancy (White) Beard, 
daughter of Bartlett E. WTiite. Ch. : 

I. Frank E. (adopted), b. July 25, 1876. 

Robert Putnam, son of Solon and Mary A. (Rice) Putnam, was b. Feb. 23, 
1853; m. Addie S. Smith, daughter of Luther and Esther E. (Grant) Smith, b. 
in Surry, N. IL, Oct. 27, 1855. Ch. : 
L Ada A., b. Nov. 16, 1874. 
II. Edna A., b. Nov. 16, 1874. 
in. Minnie, b. June 28, 1878. 
IV. Ervin, b. June 3, 1882. 

Tyler Putnam, son of Solon and Mary A. (Rice) Putnam, was b. in 

Springfield, June 29, 1839; m. 1st, Ellen Abbott. She d. . M. 2d, Nettie 

E. Parker. Ch. : 

I. Adin T., b. June 28, 1876. 

II. Solon, b. May 8, 1878. 

III. Arthur F., b.* July 11, 1879. 
TV, John, b. Feb. 10, 1885. 

Sylvester Putnam, i«on of Joseph and Sarah Putnam, was b. in Ludlow, 
.Jan. 26, 1837; m. March 5, 1862, Ellen Rollins, daughter of Asa and Lydia 
(Byam) Rollins, b. in Cliester, Vt., July 11, 1843. 

George Putnam, sou of Joseph and Sarah Putnam, was b. in Springfield, 
April 20, 1840; m. Aug. 15, 1878, lA)is Rice, daughter of Orrin and Jane 
(Randall) Rice, b. in Springfield, Aug. 6, 1857. Ch. : 
I. I^on R., b. Oct. 6, 1880. 

Timothy M. Putnam, son of Timothy and Emily (Eaton) Putnam, was b. 
Jan. 30, 1830, in Springfield : m. Sarah A. Gould, daughter of William and 
Clarissa (Damon) Gould, b. in Springfield, Sept. 21, 1836. Ch. : 
I. Nora A., b. Nov. 29, 1854. 

II. Willie H., b. Nov. 19, 1856; d. Oct. 30, 1862. 
HI. Emma C., b. June 9, 1858; m. Fred M. Rice. 

IV. Rowella M., b. March 29, 1861 ; m. Everett Bingham. 

V. Mary J., b. Oct. 30, 1864; m. George Hartwell. 

VI. George H., b. June 30, 1867. 

VH. Walter T., b. Aug. 11, 1880. 

Elvin M. Putnam, son of Timothy and Emily (Eaton) Putnam, was b. 
June 25, 1852; in. Dec. 29, 1874, Julia E. Swift, daughter of Ryland *and Mary 
(Dean) Swift, b. in Cavendish, Vt., Sept, 7, 1854. Ch. : 
I. Irving R., b. Feb. 9, 1883. 



4-2i) 



H18T0RY OF THE TOWN 



Wii.LiAM II. [I. I'lTN A». ^11 lit John and l!>i\auii | Ili>ivanl) ■■uttutiii. I>. In 
(irafton. Vt.. St-jit. 14. IfUII. His T.-itlitr wss :i iliivi-t il(wt>n<)ant frran John 
l^ltnlllll. uho cunif fiiini Itiii-tiiiiKliiiTusIiin-. Kiitclnnil. in 16$1. lie irent Iw IVa- 
IfiiH in IKAU. wluTc lie h':<riml [lie Irnile nf lliismllli. n>turiilng to Vermont in 
ISItO. In 18tll Iieeiiliileilriirlhrei- venni in <'i>. K. I>th Xrw IlBni]>!>hlre VoNiu- 
teen'. sen'iii^ a* '^■i-ifeiMit nnijitr. B(M-<iiiiinj;ili!ial)le<l. herei-eivnl hii' Ui^chniv'' 
ill mvi. Till' follKuiii^ y«-iir In- uent to (;ii1i-slmrK. III.. Hud in I8ftt to tlie 
gold lieldji of Monltiiiit. ami forii-veii yi-urs wa* f n^ujn^l hi niinin;r »i"l inprcjiii- 
tile Ini-^ine'^s. iifter uliieli lie "Ih'uI .'i yeiirin Neviiilu. I'tiih. and t'alifomia. lie 
inme to Simn^fleld In IHTH. 
»nil wiiii en^TBgeillnttK- ;it"ve 
:md hunlmire tmle uiiiil 
IrtSA. when he retireil TrtHii 

niii^ruiiteil hi* liiii'hn^'' 
alilllty niul elefl<-)l llilii eoii- 
stjilile iind eollei'tor in 1J'*«, 
unil tliNt :'eWtm:iii in ISS."]. 
uliivli iitHi-e he held iiutil 
1K81I, Hud nils uguin ele^-tiil 
in IKtId. He wai'pti-i'itlent of 
Hie viltajfp in ISrtll. :iik1 first 
trurtee in 1B91. In 1»«« he 
«iis coiuHiHiidrr of Jairi-i 
I'o:'!. li. .\. li.. and di-le^;ite 
to the X.iti<>ii:il FiieaniiMiient 
at St. r,..iil> in 1SS7. In ISSSi 

lie Ixiill II oniiiiXKli and 

« .■lllinisheil r>-*idenir on the 




uhul was f 



1 lives 



kI. ' 



d the 



'^^iZ^j^;f^J^i?^...^^. 



He m. May -Hi. UU. Sandi 
IE. l-iilsipher. diuijihter of 
William Vt. and Klecia 
r Biiriies) FnUiidier r.r Rmk- 
injiliam. tlx.l 



H. 



ohii riiiiHe.^ 



1>. Keli. 11. 



III. Wlllijini Wi. Ii. Fell. IS. 1S7!I. 

IV. h:<lwin (larneld. I>. I>>-e. U. Il^l. 
V. Ilowanl Kaion. 1i. Sepi. I!). 1881). 

VI. Iliirry Ifciriie^. h. A|iril ii. 1887. 

VH. Kusw-II. ti. Keh. 18, 188-2: d. Feh. 22. 1889. 

VIII. Sawh Ix>«>'ia. Ii. .\(>ril 8. 1801. 

IX. Carrie l.iiey. h. Mar.-h iS. 1893. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 421 

Johu rutuaiii, father of William If. U,^ in. 2(1, Caroline llowanl, who after 
t!ie death of her husliand came to Sjn-intjfield to live. She d. Feb. 8, 181>4. 
C'h. : 

I. James H., b. June 8, 1848. He learned the tinsmithV trade of Wiley 
& Smith, at Kookin«^ham, Vt., durintf the war; worked at Bellows 
Falls, and later at Springfield, when* he is now in the employ of 
Pond, Giidley tt ( o. 
11. Carrie K., h. Sept. 21), 1850. She was of most aimahle and generous 
disposition and noble Christian character, always a cheerful helper 
in every good work. She d. Feb. 24, 1894. mourned by a large 
number of lovinjr fnends. 



•r» 



1>AVI1> A. IfAXDALL ni. .lane C. Woodard, daughter of Jonas and Hetsey 
(Hall) Woodanl. Ch. : 

I. Minnie J., b. Aug. 4, 1802. 
II. Nellie A., b. Oct. 20, 1864. 

Fkedkrkk L. Kandall, son of Simeon and Percis (Ward; Handall. was b. * 
June 11, 1825; m. April 4, 1850, Kllen P. Messenger, daughter of Kzra K. and 
Philena (Corlew) Messenger. Ch. : 

I. Ezra F., b. in Fitchburg, Oct. 25, 1852; d. May 30. l«8H. He m. Oct. 

20, 1880, Stella V. Siilsby. 
U. Edward I.., b. Oct. 24. 18(i(). 

Hexrv J. Handall. son of Levi C. and Johanna (Litchfield) Kandall, was 
b. Feb. 22, 1831 ; in. May 25, 18G2, Maria L. Parker, daughter of Amos and 
Lucinda (Xevers) Parker. Ch. : 

I. Levi L., b. March 25, 18(ii^; m. Dec. 31. 1885, J<»nnie Jenkins. 
II. Geitrude M., b. April 10, 18G7. 
III. Agnes S., b. March 23, 1874. 

.Idiin Haxi>kl was born in Durham, X. 11.^ March 0, 1730, an<l moved into 
Springfield in November, 1780. 

ll<i was in the company of Hangers under Major Robert Hogers, ordered by 
(ien. Amherst, Sept. 13, 1750, to attack the Indian settlement of St. Francis, on 
the St. Francis Kiver, in Canada. After destroying the village of St. Francis, 
Major Hogers, to avoid [>ui*suit, determined to return to Crown Point by way of 
No. 4, Charlestown, N. H. Having reached Lake Memphrennigog, and pro- 
visions being scarce, he divided his detachment into small companies, and, 
having onlered them all to assemble at the mouth of the upper Amonoosuc, 
where h<* ex|M*cted to find food, he sent them on their march. It seems that 
Kandel and five others attem])ted to reach No. 4 by a shorter route than that 
down the Connecticut, and strike lUack Hiver. Handel and two of his com- 
panions reached the river at the falls, where Si)ringfleld village now stands, 
the others having died on th<» way. Handel cheered the other two, telling 
thtMU thev were now near the fort. When at the falls near Gouhrs Mills, thev 
l)ecame delirious, and Handel was obliged to leave them, while he followed 
along the river until he saw smoke which led him to a log cabin belonging to 
John Nott. a settler near the mouth of Black Kiver. Mi*s. Nott was wash- 



422 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

ing and bad a good fire, and while warming himself, Randel asked for foo<l 
and was given some beans. His attack upon them was so ravenous that Mrs. 
Nott asked him bow long he had been without food, and when she learned that 
he was one of the Rangers of Major Rogers her generosity knew no bounds. 
She soon had a savory cup of tea for him and cared for him overnight. In the 
morning be reached the fort, where be found some of his comrades had safely 
arriveil. A party wa.** sent back to look for the two men left at the falls, but 
tbev were never found. 

John Randel was a cooi)er by trade, and tradition says that when cutting 
hoop poles on Skitcbewaug mountain be discovereil a lead mine, but kept the 
location of it a ]>ro found secret, llie fact that a small vein of lead was found 
when blasting for the road near J. M. Butterlield's gives some groimd for 
believing the tradition true. Fnmk Ilubbanl Keyes of Watertown, Mass., who 
was bom in 1826, and who lived iu childhood with his grandfather, C'ahin 
Hubbanl, on the Hubbard fann, told the writer that he rememljers a visit of 
this Randel to the farm in 1830 : that Randel told him that he was a century 
old, and gave an account of the journey above descril)ed, which made a lasting 
impression on bis mind. Randel then was ]i^ing in Si>encer Hollow, and came 
on horseback. 

James Randel, son of John came here with his son Solomon from Dur- 
ham. X. H., in 1700, finding tbt ir way to LockwtHHl's Falls by marked trees. 
They settled in Si>t^m»er Hollow, on land now owned by John R. Gill. 

Solomon, sou of James, b. in 1781, d. Sept. 9, 1863. Hem. in 1804 Elizabeth 
Eldridge. Tboy went to Barnstable on their wedding tour, on horseback, 
each bavin;; a horse, an unusual luxurv in those davs. C'h. were: 

1. Pannela, ni. Daniel Wa>.bbuni: res. in (iuildball, Vt. 

2. Mih"i. (1. ill Spriiigtield. 

3. Smith K. 

4. Marv. in. liintiu lIou;;btoii. 

Smith K. Uandel. son of SoIouhmi. b. in S])ringtield, Sept. 21, 1812. He 
was i(lentifi<'<l with the business enterjirises of this town for many years. 
At one time be was in the ston«M*utting business, and sold to Fninklin Barney, 
in 18.51. He was afterwanl in stove and tinware trade, and later a member of 
the Vermont Snath <'o. He and (Jeorge (). Henry built the bbn^k now owned 
and oceupii'd )»y C. A. Leland tV: Son. He bought and for seventeen years 
live<l oil the Sinilev farm, Intelv sold to Xorinan Stone; also owne<i the Litrb- 
tield farm after the death of its former owner, M. P. Whitc<mib. Some vears 
since be liuilt the bouse norili of the eoininon. where be died in 1895. 

Mr. Handel was a man of indomitable <'onrage. He had a profound regaixl for 
religious institutions, and was always a generous supporter of the Metho- 
dist cbureh. 

He m. April 12, 1S38. Emeliiie Henry, dan. of Samuel and Sandi (Cooledge^ 
Henry of Charlestowii. X. H. rii. : 

1. Mary, b. March 3, 18;^i>: m. Emers<m Whitcomb: she •!. 

March 14, 1881. 
2 . (leorge H.. b. Dec. 29. 1841; settlwl iu Fitchburg; engaged 
in marketing; m. Mary S. Atwood (decea.<«ed) . 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 428 

(3) . Abbie E., b. March 22, 1845 ; ni. Enoch W. Wetherbee. 

(4). Edwin S., b. Nov. 11, 1848 ; m. Christina Weston. 

(5). Sarah H., b. Sept. 21, 1851 ; m. Oscar Weston. 

(6). Elizabeth, b. Jan. 28, 1854; m. John D. Cutler. 

(7). Charles F., b. Sept, 2, 1856; d. Feb. 20, 1864. 

(8). James, b. April 10, 1859; m. Nellie C. Patterson. 

T. Taylor Kaxney, son of Timothy E. and Charlotte (Taylor) Ranney, 
was born at Lee's Creek, Indian Territory, Nov. 9, 1852. His parents came 
east in 1861, running the border gauntlet, overtaken first by Southern sym- 
pathizers and then by Northern, several times by each. Taylor was educated 
at West Charleston, Vt., and at St. Johnsbury Academy. In 1869 he entered 
a country store at West Charleston. In 1871 he was with Ileywood & Co. at 
Claremont, N. 11., and later in dry goods store at Montpelier. In February, 1889, 
he located at Springfield in company witli C. D. Perkins, under the firm name 
of Ranney & Perkins, dry goods, succeeding llenry Fletcher in the " Comer 
Store." 

lie m. Abby E. Densinore, daughter of Jonattian and Cbira (Dustin) 
Densmore of Claremont, X. II. Cli. : 

I. C. Rjiymond, b. at Montpelier, July 2, ISaS. 

Leonard Kkdfield, son of Roj»well and Betsey (Belknap) Redfield, was 
b. in Springfield, Nov. 24, 1880; m. July 1, 1845, Martha Cook, daughter of 
Otis and Betsey (Tobey) Cook. Ch. : 

I. Martha Helen, b. Mardi 3, 1848; d. June 3, 1863. 
II. Leonard C, b. July 28, 1850; m. March 17, 1886, S. Agnes Leach. 

III. Elizabeth A., b. Aug. 26, 1853; d. June 24, 1863. 

IV. Everett Hamilton, b. Dec. 17, 1855. 
V. Fred Clinton, b. Sept. 13, 1858. 

VI. Hattie Frances, b. Xov. 21, 1861 ; d. June 11, 1863. 
VU. Julia Francelia, b. Aug. 14, 1864; m. Daniel F. Wheeler, Oct. 12, 1886. 

Daxiel Rice. On the 24th of September, 1888, there passed from our 
midst a man who for forty years had been a familiar figure to the people of 
Springfield. Although not a constant resident here, he was always a lover of 
the place, and perhaps did his part toward sustaining the reputation for indus- 
try, independence, and loyalty to right principles which our quiet New Eng- 
land town, in common with many another like it, has always borne. 

Daniel Rice was born in Dummerston, Vt., on the twenty-fourth day of July, 
1808. Nurtured and reared upon a farm in the times when a day's work meant 
toil from the rising to the setting of the sun, he acquired from his surround- 
ings the character which he retained through life. Great physical strength, 
simple tiistes, good habits, and a love for the beautiful in nature were the re- 
sults of this early training, and they constituted the bulk of his capital and 
stock when he left the farm to make for himself a place in the world. 

His educational advantages had been small, confined to a few winter terms 
in school when nature kindly covered the earth so deeply with her white 
mantle that the fanner boy could not cultivate the fields and might therefore 
have leisure to cultivate his mind. Xevertheless, his inclination soon led hhu 



424 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

to books, and as his t1n»t work was in st»llin;r them, extensive travel and e*»n- 
taet with men ji^ave him a praetieal ethieation which uo other S4*h«xdiu;B: eould 
supply. Before the eonutry was ^cridiroued with railroad tr;ieks, he tnivelletl 
through tlie >Vi»st with liorse and huggy, and was equally familiar with tli»* 
South from Vir^jinia to Texas, in the davs of slaverv. In his eftbrts to seeun* tlit* 
rare hooks wliieh lie afterward published, he went several times to Europe, a«*- 
eomi)lishin;r bi* obj«*ct each time. The nature of these works tiK>k him auii>n*r 
the statesmen and scientists of the past generation, and from such men as 
Henrv C'lav, Daniel We])Ster. Andrew Jaekson, and John J. AudulK>ii he reivivetl 
friendly encouragement in the publication of his books, which were nearly all 
of a national character. The m<»st hniK>rtant of them were the " Xorth 
American Sylva." a botanical work of great l)eauty, containing hand-painte<l 
steel engravings of all the tre<»s native to the soil of our country: the " His- 
tory of the Indian Tril)es," with colortnl plates of the principal chiefs and war- 
riors familiar to history, taken from the original paintings in the Smithsonian 
Institute at Washington, which wen» afterwanl destroyed by lire: and the " Xji- 
tional Poitrait (Jallery of Distinguished Americans," from Washington t«» 
Grant, and containing more than one hundre<l and fifty biographies and st«^-l 
engravings. In addition to thes«'. he was inierestiMl in the niiT works of the 
naturalist Aubud<»n. and also publisluMl a sumptuous folio edition of •» Uoy- 
delTs illustrations of Shakes|M»are.*' Among these l)ooks he toileil for nion* 
than half a century, winning for himself the reputation of publishing unique 
and costly books which others hesitated to take up. 

And yet, in the midst of this work in which he delighted, there was another 
influence entirely foreign to it. which was constantly drawing him fn>ni it. 
He was a lover of the soil, and ev<M*v vear the old assm'iations amonjr 
his native bills hired him back from the city to labor in the lields he had 
hi'lped to beautify an<l among the I ret*> Ids own band had planted. What !•» 
others srenied hanl work was to liim relaxation and rest, and uj) U* the time of 
his death he was the exanqde. as wrll as the adv<K'ate, of the dignity of labor 
and the nol>ility of doing with on«'*< might whatever one's hand found to d«>. 
As a citizen, be was loyal antl jiublic spirited, contributing to the extent of hi* 
means to anv jr<»od work. Manv «»f the tre«*s alonj; our hiffhwavs. about «»ur 
school grounds, and in tb<* cemetery where be now lies, weiv placeil there h\ 
him. In politics In* wa^^ a <tancb l*e]Hibliran. and the last time be left tin- 
house was to cast bis ]>allot for the man wbos»* grandfather he vol«*d for nearly 
fiftv vears a«;<». 

Kiiemie< be undoubtedly bad. for lie was unconqiromising when hi* idea'^ ot 
justice and morality were infringed up<»n. He recogni/e<l but two classes ot 
IX'ojde in the world. tb«' g<MKl and the bail, and casting his lot with the fornn'r. 
he shunned the latter alt<>getlier. Xritber ]Mdicy nor self-inteivst ever turn«^l 
him from the path be bail iiiark«Ml <nit as the right one. His mistakes wei-e er- 
rors of judgment, not of motive, and be cndeil his life, as he l>egau it. — an 
honest, stunly. and (iod-b-aring man. wbost* dearest possession was his siM>t- 
less reputation. 

Mr. nice married Maria I*. Munu, who is still living t^l8*.M . Ch. : 
I. Ann Maria, b. Sept. 2. \M2: d. Feb. 15, 1843. 
H. Kllen Sophia, b. Dec. 8, 1844: d. Aug. 7, 1864. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



|[[. Fniiik FlHchcr. 1>. July. 12. 1847; il. FWi. (i. 18S1. 

IV. Fliirciice M.. b. ; iii. Chjirlfs II. Jtolil.ln*. Cli.: 

I. Fliwnfc Ilydf, b. Ft-b. 0, 187.1; iiw. in Bin'liiii. Mn^*. 

V. AHhur Fi-edcrick, h. Veb. :i. l»B(i. Kitlt'ii fur ciillejri' iit SpriTijiliilil 

III|;li Hi-liiiol. Hnil ^niduiiitHl ut I'lin Ill in tin- cIiii'm nf l(iM>. 

^[ll^r[l'U. mill resides tti Xi'w \'iirk. 
CllAKi-KS K. RiclIAitlwoN wiis b. in l{..Nbiiiy. Jliiss., Pit. 1.1. ISTtri: wjis tnl- 
iiiiitml it) the common »i'1kio1>', ituil (;ntiini<-ii('i-il tiNsliir^ii for liiinM-lr in Chnrlf)'- 
tiiwii. X. II., on tlip spot' where the StiHby l.ilimi'y now (ituuiis. Up liart :i 
einintry Htorc, te1egra|ih olHii-. :in<i iv;is iilsii iiiwiiniiBter iinil town I'lerk. Dri 
Ihe dentil of George Olcoll, 
CHshifr Qt the (.'onncetifnt 
ItiverNiitioiiiil Hunk, Oeoi'^e 
iHciitt, Jr.. was iippoiiiti'd 
eushit^r. iind Mr. Kieliiiiilsnn 
wiiR .ippolnted teller. Inl88G 
he rnnip to StirlnfEfielil t« 
MKXfetl K. 1*. ( iil^on ii!" 
eushii-r or llie Kir*t Xnlioiiiil 

BilDk, llUt WIIS ollll^relt III If- 

liiiqiiUh the position 
eount iif hi^ lleilltll. 
the ['iirkx & tVool^nn Ma- 
I'hlne ('oMipiiny hjis ineor- 
l)i)rat4-d in IH74. lie iH-eiiiiie 
the tn.'KKiiiei'. which ]>i)Hili<iii 
he now iKilds. lie hiis for 
several yeiirs U-eii iiresldeiit 
oflhe Firnt National liiiiik. 
liaK linil II Iiii'){e eN]H>rlenc-i' 
in tluiiii<.-e, \ii II iiiHU iif in- 
tegrity ami sterling elnii'- 
iieter.iindlijKiMTiia viihiiilile 



When 



leinlH-i 



liu-i 




lianjrhter of Tiiiioihy 



VUV.II )I. ]lH-V.. SON 

Frcderiek anil l.ols |<'iisli- 
man) Itiee, wa,. I., in Win,!- 
^•>r. May i:t. lK!i2; in. Hei>. a\. 1H7!I, Ki 
M. anil .-iariih .\. (Could) l-iilniiin. Cli, 
I. Ktllel X.. I>. I>ee. 4. 18H2. 
11. .\din I... li. April 22, 1884. 

Mi. CleonG-.l.. .May C, 1HH5. 

IV. Kdfrar F.. Ii. Dee. 12, 1887. 

Okkin IticK. ^'on iif Itenjainin iind I.ols (Ilanly) Itiee, was l>. in Itoekhi);- 
huui, Vt., Maivh 28. IH20: ni. July 1. 1847. Jane W. Randall, daughter of 
MowB and K»ther C"'hhney) Randall, h. at Sprinnlield. June 25. IK2!>. i h. : 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



V. 



E»t)ifr J., b. JuDi: JO. 184S; in. Edwio E. Lawton. Be d. 

111. Jd, Xrl»>u I'arki^r. 
Geori^ S„ b, Feb. 9, IKSO; d. in infancy. 
I,«:s J.. I>. Aug. 6, 1861 ; m. Aug. 15, 1878, George F. Putnam. 
Ida M.. b. Feb. 23, 1864; m. Lyman M. Kandall, Not. 34, 1878. 
Li/j:ie, b. Ffb. 12. 1866: d. iu iDfancv. 



Wit.i.ts II. KiCHMONit, SOD oF Lemuel C. and Jane A. Rkhmond, was b. in 
Barnard. Vt. He is now Deputy Superiutiindent of the IIouBe of Correction at 
Rutland, Vt. He m. Juuc 8, 1876, Bertha Smith, daughter of Samuel and Al- 
mira (Hadtey) Smith, h. iu Londonderry, Vt., April 18, 1SG6. Cfa.: 
I. May .1., b. .May 6, 1877. 
II. Ciniuli- M.. b. .Ian. 6, 1879. 
III. Itnliih (-.. ii. July 4, 1880. 
n'. lV.irl Ii.. Ii. .-ippt. 18. 1888. 



Patrick Kii.ey. fan of Ttionuis uud Bridget (Burke) Biley, was b. in Ire- 
land, March 10, lrt.3.1: ni. Kiili' Mefhan, daughter of Patricia and Elizabeth 
(Lemon) Meeb.in. Hi. : 

I. Lizzie J., b. March 9, 

r ~ ~^ ] 1876. 

'• IL M8gpcL.,b. April 27. 



JL'STIS T. Koai\-s<tN. son 
<>r William and Lois (Taylor) 
Hobin»>n, was b- in Reading. 
Sept. «, 1829: m. Lydia 
Biigley. daughter of Fn-d- 
<Ti(-k and Lucinda (Crosby - 
liagloy. Mr.Roblnsou Is en- 
;rnged In the lunilMT and 
fliair stock busiuci"* .it 
(iould-9 Mills. Ch. ; 

1. .\da L.. b. Marcli IS. 




II. 



LBbaDM.,b..Feb. 10. 
1873. In business 
witli his father. 

Clara L., b. Xov. 18, 



SAMUEL ROLLII 



ThomasT. RoBixsox, 
of William and Mary (Tal- 
bot) Roblnsou, 
Xorthfield, Vt., March l± 



ill 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



427 



18M; m. Nov. 13, 1873, Anna Monroe, daughter of Willlum aod Ana (HiDckley ) 
Monroe, b. Id Oewego, N. Y., March IS, 1851. Ch. : 
I. Arthur W., b. Oct. 3, 1873. 
II. JIabel.S.,b. Jan.28, 1879. 

III. Cora S., b. Oct. 23, 1881. 

IV. Ethel M., b. Feb. 10, 1885, 

James F. Ruby, bod of Moody and Dolly (Riehardson) Roby, was b. Feb. 
20, 1842, at Pern, Vt. ; m. Nov. 8,' 1866, Mary M. Lockwood, daughter of Sey- 
mour and Lucy (AUbe) Lockwood; res. in t^pringtleld. 

Sahuki. Rollins, son of William and Lydia (Stone) Itolliug, was b. In 
Rockinghiun, July 26. 1820. He lived in Spitugfleld moot of hU life and oc- 
cupied many responsible positions. He was one ol the trustees o£ tlic Spring- 
field Savings liiiiik and president of tlie hoard at the tbUR of his death, Feb. 
13, 1802. lie was for uniny years oneof the llstrri!, and a Justice ot the i>eace. 
Hem. Jan. 1,1857. Catharine Moore; slie d. July 28, 1671. Ch.: 
I. Marlon J., b. Aug. 3, 1863. 
U. Edwin, 1). Maicli 30, 1868 ; d. in infancy. 
IIORACi; <i. KUMidi.L, son of Samuel and I'oUy (Taylor) Itumrill, was b. 
March IT, 1833; ni. Luelnila A. liamlall. Cli.: 
I. Harvey G., b. Aug, 
21, 1857:m. Kmiiia 
J. (Hicks) Hale. 
II. Ella,b..Ian. 3,18.5!): 

d. March 5, 1864. 
HI. George L., b. Xov. 
2, 1860; d. March 
IS. 187!). 
IV. Ambi'ose J., b. June 
10. 1802: ni. Sarah 
Baker. 
V. Willard H.. b. April 
8,18(H;m.Floreni-i' 
Chaiininu. 
Vr. Kunic- J., b. July. 
14, 1867 ;ni. George 
Howard. 
VH. Olive L.,b. Dee. 21. 
1869; m. ChjirW 
Ellis. 
VIIL Osuar II., b. April 
12, 1872. 
IX. Fred E., b. Oct. 21. 

1873. 
Noah Saf^jhd, b. Oit. 
12, 1789, in Kockinglmm. son 
of Philip and EliMlbeth 
(Blgelow) Safford. 




HISTORY OF THE TOWX 



It vra* till'' i'liili|i Snftiir^ nliiHiiiinlifd fniiii l;<H-kingtiiim to WerUnln^tfr in 
1773 whh :i CI mil III II y i>I hU lu«-|l^'lllctl. m tin- relief oftbe Whig or LHwrty ytrty. 
whii (vciiilii iiul iilliiw viiLin> li> Ik- held in (he niiiiie of King George III., aiid 
dn>ve llu> niyiil |)iirly fmiii iht- eoiirt house. IIhII. in hlii history ot ea^erti 
Vprmout. fay*. ■• l>hiii]> Siift-onl. ii lleiileiiiint nt the ItiKkiugliani lu'llitU, was lu 
the court houiie ut the thiie. !<nliieil nut the luuiii iloor. hludgeoD in band. 
kniH-klng diinii eight it ten who eiiileaioriil to ani*t him, Hud rrt-eired in 
return sevpnil cuts on the lieiid from :i sulire from ilie royul sheiifl*. It wa> 
htre." siiyii IIhIL -* Ihiii the tm-ch of war was tin't ktudled which go »>oon atter 
hhiml forth like » l>eaciiii light nt l^-\ingtoii :iiiil Bunker Hill." 

Iliillp SaflVinl, with his fiimily. movini just over the line north into Sprlng- 
IIpIiI oil 10 ivliai wus si> long known as I'lirker IKlt. Atiout the year 1S11. 
N'oah. wilh his lirolher I>hili|>. iHuight of Klislin Ri.liee the tract of fonttt UbiI 
.ibimt one half mile mihiIi of the vtll:ig<- iin the nest side of the river. There 
wa* no rciiid leading down tii the river excejit what he :ind his brother luade. 
'riH'V soon ilividcil the Itim). I1iili]i liikiiig the nortliern and N'oali the soalheni 
h«lf, li':iviug them iilmtit forty iicves each. Xoali 111. Xnnoy. dtiughter of I^aac 
and IteiiM-y Tower, ;i Imly of gn-ai energy of character. To llieiii weiv bom 
llvechrldn-ii. 

Noah B.. after teairhuig 
si'lKMil in hi)! own village for 
a time, went to I'enu^ylrania 
and tiiuglit. After attending 
the luw tiohiiol at Harvard, 
he ."tiidieil with his cousin. 




Henry, tlie ^etimd sou. 
followed the trade of hi? 
father, that of carjM-nter. 
the age of twen 
went west nnd south, r 
iiig several ye:irs. Return- 



OF SPRtSGFIELD, VT. 



Iiij; to Spriagjlpltt lie fullinvfil li!s ti-iiilc iii< contriictor. Hi'im'WiitMitlie Iinvn 
ill tlif I^gislatun' tniiv. In \Mi. ;it tlii' mitliiviik iif tin- win-, lir ii'ifhiil 
the iippoiutnient of iisslstuiit iifspssor in tlii' iiitfriial ivvoniu- ^rt'lcp. and lielil 
thiit offlec for the full lenti of Us exifteiHi'. In 1B(ai. iit the lime of the frreiit 
noml wliieh flestrn,v<-t1 liii' K>^»ti)iil1 iind iluniiiKeil his liinii. In- si>l<l out ntiil 
|>iirehiii>ed ii liirjce [»rin iit llartfonl. niiil in llii- ;i|iriii;r •>( 1^71 iihivehI tlillher. 

<'h:irles 11.. Iiiiviu); developed :i ^-iit caiKieity fur inii^^k- ivhile yel :i Ihiv. 
went to BiKiton nnd pliieed htrnnelt iitiilt>r tilt- be^'l histviiclix's. iitiil •ruined 
emineuii' iiE ii iiiiiMleiiin. lie <1. in 1ST3. 

Imiiie T. went IiKliienK" iind estiililislied hiiti>:i-lr in ilie ]>i;iiiiiriii'le miinii' 
fiicturintr Imslness. 

'I'he only diiiijrhlei-. Re- 
l>ec<'i<. m. .Itihn ('. Unimex 
of SjHinjilield. 

Fmm 18211 nntll the close 
'>t the will- no Miini In Sjii-lng- 
fleld iieenpied !i more eon- 
!'|>leni>iis iHiiiition ilinu Xouh 
Sjift'onl. In hi(i ejirly eiini'r 
he Invented Iwii khld* «X 
9lniiv-*'iitteiv, M'hieli wi've 
patemed : the imtentf weif 
several timi-s n'liewed. The^e 
iDjieliinOii h:i<l (i wide iinle hi 
:ill this vieirilty. iind in iiddi- 
ilon hii-j;e iimnlieiT were 
iniide for Ihe wnuthern iiiiir- 
kei. sent lit Boston and 
shl|>|M'd to Kii-hinoiid, Vn.. 
the ]iroprii-loi' etieli full 
following iind H)ien<llug the 
winter In Vlrgiuiii. st-IIIng 
the niai'hliiea to southern 

'lliis Willi in the duys of 
stiivery. mid he saw iiiaiiy 
slaves sold to go t.o the 
rice and cotton plnnialions. 
'ITiece scenes made hini sweiir 

eternal wiii- on slavery. ^Vhile he wms a lilH'i'iiI man. he would give nothing 
tothe Anierleau Roanl or iitiy other society that received the earn lugs of sIiiveB. 
Ilis house was ii weleimie shelter for the fugitive slave. He demiinded that 
all anti-tihivery speakers hi' heard in the pulpit and lecture room. Ills euinu- 
(■Ipation oiiiiiions eaiisiil much opprohrium and social ostracism to lie east 
on him, but his sunny, loving niitun- overlooked it all. 

IIr was among the Hrst to help urgatilra' aud give character to the tem]>er- 
anee cause, withholding patronage from those who ^told liquor, as nt tliat day 
nil the stores in the village sold hy the glass and rjuart. At this day one mn 




430 HISTORY OF THE TOYTN 

scarcely conceive of the depth of feeling and ostracism visited upon one so radinl 
and pronounced in his advanced opinions. In 1829 he, with Richard McCray, 
Isaac Fisher, and Gates Hawkins, built a stove foundry at the west end of the 
falls bridge, about twelve rode south of the bridge. 

A year or two after Mr. Safford bought the others' interest, and moved his 
family into the village, and for about twelve years carried on the business, and 
built the large building standing at the end of the bridge for awoodshop, where 
he built factory and mill machinery, lliis for years was the lai^est business 
carried on by any one man in town. In 1837, when Clay's sliding tariff crippled 
the woollen manufactures of Xew England and all the mills on Black River shut 
down, Mr. Safford sold his village property and moved down to his small farm, 
one half mile below the \illage ; here for the remainder of his life he passed a 
sunny old age. It was one of the good places to visit, where a generous hos- 
pitality was dispensed. The views of the earlier years had been adopted 
as the maxims of the day, and the as[x>rities of politics had ceased. He died in 
the vear 18ft4. 

William Hexrv Salisbury, oldest son of Gen. Moses B. Salisbury, was b. 
in Springfield, Aug. 17, 1817. When he was two years old his parents returned 
to Rhode Island, their native State. He very early manifested a taste for me- 
chanical pursuits, and at the age of sixteen was sent by his father to Connecti- 
cut in charge of a gang of mechanics to build and put in running order a 
woollen mill, which he did to the entire satisfaction of the owners, lie was 
engaged with his father in building and putting in operation woollen mills until 
twenty years of age, when he engaged in business with the late William G. 
Angel, of Providence, and assisted him in constructing the first wood-screw 
factory in thi^? country. In 1849 he went to Atlanta and soon engaged in a 
very profitable mercantile bu!<inesjt. When the War of the Rebellion broke 
out he, being of strong Union .sentiments, sold to his partners and came north, 
losing his whole fortune. He offered his services to the government, but was 
l>ersuaded to engage in building a large woollen mill to manufacture clothing 
for the army, known as the Wanskuck Mills. In July, 1865, he became the 
agent and manager of the Washington Mills, Lawrence, Mass., where he made 
tlie first worsted goods in this country, known in the market and sold as 
*' London coatings." 

C'HARLE.s Sanders, son of Levi and Betsey (Lewi<) Sanders, was b. in 
Wcathersfield. 

He came to Springfield in 1840, learned the cabinet-maker's trade in the shop 
of Horace Hawkins, and continued to manufacture furniture until 1872, and 
then was engagt^ in the furniture trade up to 1893, when he retired from busi- 
ness. Hem. Augusta Brown, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah (Stocker) 
Brown. Mr. Sanders bought the fine homestead of the late Frederick A. Por- 
ter, and having thoroughly repaired and improved it, made it his home. Ch. : 
L Nellie A., b. June 11. 1850; m. Geo. II. Burke, Xov. 27. 1871. (See 
Burke family.) 

11. Grace V., b. Aug. 15, 1852; m. John Hart; d. . 

IH. Abby C, b. Sept. 26, 1856: m. Isaac L. Dodge. Ch. : 
1. Clinton W. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 431 

Dr. Langdox Sawyer, sou of Joseph and Kuth (Page) Sawyer, was b. In 
Newport, N. H., Sept. 7, 1815, and was educated at the academies of Unity, 
Newport, and Hopkiutou. He studied medicine with Dr. J. L. Swett of New- 
port, and graduated at the Castleton, Vt., Medical College in 1843. He was 
one year in the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York and in the 
hospital of the city, and in 1844 began the practice of medicine in S[)ringfleld, 
where he continued in his profession for thirty-flve years, until his death, 
Nov. 8, 1879. 

In early life he was a successful teacher, and always retained his interest 
in educational matters. lie worked vigorously to have the graded system in- 
troduced into the schools of Springfield village, and for several years was a 
member of the School Board. He had a great love for his profession, and 
was ever ready to aid in anything he thought would prove for its advance- 
ment ; was one of those who organized the Connecticut Kiver Valley Medical 
Association, and at one time was honored with the presidency of the Associa^ 
tion. The honorary degree of M. D. was conferred upon him by the Medical 
Department of Dartmouth College in 1869. He united with the Congrega- 
tional church in 1867. 

Dr. Sawyer was successful in his practice, had a large and lucrative busi- 
ness, and the respect and confidence of the community. 

He flrst married Marcia Smith, daughter of Hugh and Elizabeth Smith of 
Siiringtield, who d. March 29, 1862. They had three children ; two d. in in- 
fancy and the oldest, Frank P., d. April 22, 1864, at the age of eight years. 

His second wife was Sarah G. Gregg, daughter of Dr. James A. Gregg of 
Xt^wport, N. H., who is still living (181)4). Ch. : 

I. Helen Frances, b. May 4, 1865 ; m. George Earle. 
II. Frederick Langdon, b. Aug. 12, 1867. 

III. William Gregg, I). July 10, 1869. 

IV. George, b. April 26, 1871. 

Samuel Scott, one of the pioneers with Simon Stevens, Abner Bisbee, and 
others, came in 1763, and settled on the Crown Point Road not far from where 
Colman Haskins now lives. 

He was one of the seven signers of the call for the flrst town meeting, and 
the second representative of the town in the State Legislature, in 1778. He m. 
Mrs. Abigail Taylor, who had one daughter, Isabella Taylor, who afterwards 
bi'came the wife of Simon Stevens. He was one of the early members of 
the Congregational church, uniting in 1805, by letter from the church in 
Weathers field. 

He and his wife were cared for in their old age by David Stimpson, who 
accepted their property for their support. He was an officer in the militia, and 
had the title of captain. 

He d. Oct. 2, 1814, aged 84 years, and was buried in the cemetery near the 
common. His wife d. March 20, 1814, aged 86. 

Joseph Seldex, son of Joseph and Susannah (Smith) Selden, was b. in 
llsiddam, Conn., Dec. 23, 1772, and was the sixth hi line from Thomas Selden, 
an English emigrant who settled in Hartford, Conn., in 1630. 

When a young man he became clerk in the store of Eleazer May of West- 



432 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

iiiiii<tei'. Vt.. and !«(> iiUH'li CMUtidtMUH* was plai'^Hl in biiii that he was s^'Ut to 
Sprin«>:tield with a stm'k <»f >!:o(Mlst<M>|MMiastore, and in 1792 or 17U3he<K*eii|»iHi 
a More adjoin in;r th«» tavern of I^ojj^er Bates, on the Ellis fann. now OK^ed by 
II. M. Arms. 

In 17UH he bon^^ht land alH>w the eommon. and in 1798 made a purchase 
whieh included the place now (twneil by 11. T. BoutelL and exteiidiu^ to tlie 
riv«»r and south as far as the brid«:e. 

He was a useful and eoiisistent memlx^r of the ( 'ongr(*gational chiin^h. and 
was ehosen deaeon in 1S14. and held the ottiiv more than forty vtnirs. 

He had the respect of all who knew him, was eijfhteen years treasurer of 
the town, and in ISIO the rej>resentative to the Legislature of the Stale. lie 
sold his pro|H»rty in the villa«rc and moved to "Seltlen Hill." so ealbnl. in the 
west i)art of the town, in later life, and <1. Dec. 22, 1855. aged 83. He m. 
Huldah Bates. «lau«rhter of Kojjcer Bates. Aujr- 17. 17?M. She d. Xov. 15, 18+S. 
ajj«Hl 72. ( h. : 

I. Fanny, b. Au^r- '^l. ISOG: m. S«»pt. 22. 1831. Salmon Whitcomb. sun of 
IVn'z and PrUcilla Litchfield i Whitcoml). ,Se<» Whiteomb 
family. 
11. James B.. b. ISKJ: d. March .">. 1837. 

'rHoMA> Sk.xton. son of Michael and Marjraret (TorlM'tt) S4»xton. was h. in 
Ireland, Dec. 29. 18;^7: m. Oct. 2»J, 18.5(>. Ann Brady of Sprinji:field. <h. : 
L .bdin IL. b. .Jan. 2(). 18.58. 
11. Marv A., b. N«.v. 11. 18W). 
HI. Katie K.. b. Sept. r». 1801. 

IV. Kdna. b. Mav r,. I8t>3; m. Feb. 14, 1S<<0. Timothv O'Learv. 

• • • 

V. Ktlward. b. May «. 18(W: d. Oei. 8. 18<M. 
VI. Alice, b. Jail. 22. 18r,.5: in. Oct. .5. 188r.. Michael Tully. 
VIL Tlionia^. 1>. Dec. 9. 18(;7: in irroeiM'v bu^ine-i'; in Spnn;rfi«*l«l. 
VII 1. Frank, h. Auir. 24. 1S71. 
IX. (ieor^je. 
X. Martin. 

David SKVMoru. 1». in 1709. son of Israel Seymour, was a descendant 
of Bicbard Seymour, who "iettled in Hartford. Conn., l>efore 1039. He was 
a civil enjrineer. carpenter, and bri<l;r<* builder. He came to Spriujarfield about 
1792. with Samuel M. Lewi*:. He built a bouse Iwtween the pr«*«ent resideiu*e 
of Jam<*s Whitnev and Thomas J. Olnev, where he livnl. He was kille<l Jiilv 

• • • 

15. 18O0. by falliiitr from a brid«re he was building over the east branch of the 
Oswejjatchie Kiver. at Hamilton, Out., and buried in the cemetery near 
Ojrdeiisburjch. 

He m. in 1793. \ancv. dauirhter of Levi XichoN. < 'h. : 
I. (ieor^j;*' X.. b. 17t>4. 
IL Harriett, b. 1797. 

III. Isaac, b. 1798. 

IV. David Lewis, b. 1801. 

V. Xancv A., b. 18<^)5. 

Naac and David settI«Ml in I*eekskill, X. V.. and lM>tli rose to prominence. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 488 

Charles F. Shklim)n, 1*011 of William aiidBedy Ann (Tolles) Sheldon, wa** 
b. in Weath«»rsfleld, Vt., Jan. 7, 1843. 

Began selling goods on the road for F. & F. Hiee of Boston in 1870, and fol- 
lowed the business until 1892, wlien lie opened a store in Springfield in coni- 
pany with George II. Dodge, under th«» linn name of C. F. Sheldon & Co. 
The Arm is now (1894) Sheldon ct Witt. During the twenty-one years as 
commercial traveller he sold goods for F. & F. Bice, Saville, Somes & Co., and 
Martin Hall & Co., all of Boston. 

Soon after engaging as commercial traveller Mr. Sheldon purchased the 
David M. Smith homestead in Springfleld, made extensive repairs and altera- 
tions, and fitted up a line residence, where he lias since resided. 

He m. Jan. 2. 1866, Jane Elizabeth Henry of l\»rkinsville, Vt., daughter of 
llyreii and (^iroline (Parker) Henry, b. Dec 1, 1844. 

CiiAKLKs P. SiiKinviN, SOU of Stephen P. and Mary M. (Tarbell) Sherwin, 
was b. in Ludlow, Vt., May 20, 1851 ; m. Sept. 6, 1868, Estelle D. Cox, 
daughter of Benjamin and Delia B. (Edson) Cox. Ch. : 
I. Benjamin F., b. Nov. 11, 1870. 
11. PeriT E., b. Dec. 8, 1873. 
HI. Ernest B., b. Jan. 10, 1878. 
rV. Myron C., b. June 7, 1881. 
V. Elwell E., b. March 13, 1884. 

S<)ix>x SnEKWix, son of Jonathan and Margaret (Christy) Sherwin, was b. 
in Grafton. Vt., Sept. 18, 1830. He worked for many years for the Arm of 
Ellis, Brltton & Eaton, afterward the Vermont Nove^ Woi^€ Co. He m. 

1st, May 10, 18«5, Frances Kidder. She d. . lie m. Sd, ^>i»e 4, 1862, 

EiiNBH Gf>odnough, dimghter of Henry G. Hnd S»i*ti3i ireoteofigh, b. in 
Grafton, Vt. Ch.: 

I. Solon Christy, b. in (Jrafton, Vt.. July 8, 18»6; in. Aug. 7, 1W6, Anna 
E. Baldwin. 

Bkv. Isaiah H. Shipman was b. Oct. 15, 1810, in a farmhouse in Westmin- 
ster, Vt. 

When six years of age he removed with his parents to Andover, where he 
attended the common schools, and grew up into f Jirm life until he w^as eight- 
een. He was said to have been a wide-awake young man, full of life and en- 
ergy, fond of society, fun-loving and good-natured. 

In 1834 he came to North Springlield, where he worked at his trade, sho(»- 
maker. While a resident of that place he was converted through the preaching 
of William Hunter, a Christian Baptist minister, whom he went on purpose to 
hear in Woodstock. The following year he married Charlotte B. Cook, at the 
age of twenty-live yeai*s. In his thirtieth year he was ordained as minister, 
and at once took charge of the Christian Bai)tist Church at North Springfield. 
A revival soon followed, which was tlie cliaracteristic n»sult of his labors 
throughout his ministry. About this thiie, under the preaching of Mr. WMll- 
iara Miller, he Ix^caiiie interested in the Advent doctrine of the second coming 
of Christ, and ever after was a firm believer. This resulted in his becoming 
pastor of the Advent Churcli at Sugar Hill. N. H., where he remained some 
twenty-three years. He si>ent one year at Worcester, Mass., two at Water- 



HISTORY OF THE TOWK 




OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 



435 



imtli oil iifi'ouiil of tiiiliii;.' Iipulrli. The lust 
Lhboi), N. II.. nhen^ he illi-il In April, 188:2, 



bui'v, aud oiioe or twice wet 
yenre ot hii life were ai)ent 
aged eeventy-twii years. 

JoiiN A. Slack, youn|^«t ctiild ;jnd only son of Joliii hikI llaiiiiah (Taylor) 
Slock, was b. in Spriugfleld, Dec. 28, 1818. Hts fHihcr purcliai!ed the farm on 
which John .V. now resides, and setllwl ou the same iu IHOB. It is pleasantly 
situated oi) thr west side of Blacli River, aud is uow known as " Klvervien." 
llie daughters of John and Hannah ('I'liylor) .Slack were ; Sally, who d. 
single; Emily (deceased), m. Stephen I'. Cady of Went Windsor; Pluma, a 
widow, res. In Clinton, Iowa; Hannah (deceascsl), ni. John W. llealh. .Tohn 
A. Slack, after attending the district st^hool, beeanie n student at Klinhall 
I'nion Academy, at Merlden, N. H. 

His early life wae spent on his father'^ furni. mid at tlic age of twcuty-<>jie 
he went to Lowell, Mass., mid was for al'out two years erupluyeil in the 
eiirdiiig-room of tiie Tremont CotKm Mills iu that city. Keturnlng to Spring- 
field he carried on fanning besides working In the cotttiu mill of Fullerton it 
Martin. In 1R16 he learned the inacliiuist trade, and ha;* since t)een engaged 
with the Parks >!t Woolson Machine Co. 

An old-lime Whig In ixilitlcs. he ivist his hrst |iresi<leiitlal vote for Ceueral 
Wtlllani Heurj- Harrison. 
Since the organizjition of tin 
Republican party he tia: 
always voted tliat ticket 
He has been a member of rhi 
Methodist Chnreh for 
tifty years. 

Mr. Stack M). Ist. -liiii. 
1843, at Lowell, .Mas^.. .^i;ii 
A. .McAllister, n native • 
Fryeburg, Me. Cli. : 

I. William II. H. (S. 

sketch.) 
H. ^:ii/a A..b, Nov.l: 
1845; m. Sept. i 
18&1, .lames I 



Wai 



HI. Fri 



b. Aug. 
27, 1848: ni. Pn.f. 
J. W. Krclcy ot 
Wells College. 
.Vurora, -V. Y. 

Mary E., b. April fi, 
I85B; m. \V. I!. 
Jacobs. 

.fohn 'I'., b. Aug. 3. 
18I>7; m. I.iUii 
Howmiin of 
Springfield. He i 




a member of the Arm of W. H. II, .Slack & Brother. 



mSTOfiY OP THE TOWN 



>. io SprinffAeld. 

1, JiUlBV 1, 



V[. Effle II.. b. Ocl. 3. 1859; III. Eliner T. Mcrritt; i 
Mr. t^laok iii. 3A. Mrs. Jane C. (KI);Iit«) Jaco)«; and v 
1881. to EiDiiiH M. (udy of Siirtngfleld. 

W. II. il. Slack. m,u of John A. sad Maiy (MrAIUeWr) SUvk, wu b. 
Feb. :!!, 1844. .Vfirr itttcudlng thp dJftrloi »i'hoi>li< be finifbed his education at 
Sprln^flehi Wt-Kli-yiiu .■Viuiuan-. IIi» borliuwd was spMit oa hte father's 
farm. At the aK** "I tAghte^n he enlfstM in <'o. E, 18th Rt^'t ^'muont 
Vnlontf^r)'. and WHri nitistcred out in the fall of 1863. Previoui« t« his Miltet- 
ment bf had iiiniiii<-iiiv<l to learn the trade of niauhinlM with hix [atbfr. wtw 
wai> then pujcafcnl with P.irkf & WooIauu, and nn returning frMn the war be 
«-ontiuupd bU tniilt- :iiid reinainnl in thp employ of the (.-oinpany until ISTl. 
M this time ht> lie^nn. :it bit: preHenI locatiou. the luauufaiture of iihoddj' and 
l)iH-k]t, and liaii !iiiif<«it fully t*ontlnupd the bmilneBf t« thi^ pre^nt tinw (18M). 
Mr. Shu-k ha!< uImi lieen i-oiiuet-ted with inanr uf the other sueves^ful enl«r- 
priitfii of the town, lie haii always taken great intereM in all that p<>rtaiBi> to 
the prosperity anil advanii-iueTit ut hU native ]ila«-e. 

lie wati the lii?t coiiiinuiider of .larvit^ Pitft, Xo. 43, G. A. B.. and baM been 
honored with H|>|)ointiuent!< from Iwo iiatluiml eomiuanders of the order; wa^ 
:iirli'-il<MMiiii> with the r»nk of eoliiiiel on Major WilUain Warner'^ staiT, aad 
»«i>lstHUt luspeetor general 
Oh Col. VVheelock Veataey's 
e^lafr. In poUtic^ 3lr. Slark 
liaf always been a worker iu 
the liepnblk«n ranks, and 
has he<'ncaltedl)y bisfellow- 
I'itli'^ns to posltloni^ of trust : 
was the repreisentative of 
Sjiringfleld in the Legis- 
lature of 1888. and 4-hairumn 
of the ciiniiiilttee on luilltnry 
aAatrs during that :iei'sii>u. 
lie wa? aide-de-«iiiip on the 
stall' of tiov.Carmll S. I'a^ 
In 18S<0. 

lie m. Isl. Xellie I.. 
Wy man. daughter of Hiram 
K.aiid I.mHa A. iWiUou) 
Wynian. Shed.Jan. 2. 1877. 
<h. : 

1. H. CarletoTl. I>. Nov. 




Springfield 11 1 g b 
Sehool and Vei^ 
mont Ai'ademy, 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 437 

ski of Boston, later at Floreuee, Italy, with Siguor Viucenzo 
Vannini, and at Paris, Franco, with Signor Sbriglia. Ho is now 
teacher of vocal music in Boston, Mass. 

2. Walter W., b. Aug. 0, 187C. 

Mr. Slack in. 2d, Anna M. Corbet, July 7. 1879. Ch. : 

3. J. Milton, b. Sept. 26, 1883. 

4. Virginia F.. b. Aug. 12, 18^3. 

Allkx L. Sladk, son of Ora and I^uciji (Dean) Slade, was b. in Winhall. 
Vt., Sept. 27, 1837. He has occupied positions of trust; is now on the Board 
of Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor. He. m. March 4, 1862, Ellen E., 
daughter of William S. and Oril (;. (Wood) Wolfe. Ch. : 

I. Carrie E., b. in Rockingham, Feb. 23, 186:^; m. Jan. 5, 1884, Fred C. 
Hammond. Ch. : 

1. George. 

2. Ruth. 

II. Harry A., b. in Rockingham, Sept. 20, 1864; druggist in Montpelier. 
III. Alice F., b. in Arlington, Vt., June 27, 1870; m. Clarence Higgins. 
Ch.: 
1. Ned. 

(;k(>u(JE M. Slade, sou of Franklin and Esth<»r (Woodard) Slade, was b. 
in Springflehl, May S), 1854; is a cari)enter. He m. Jan. 1, 1883, Amelia Gris- 
wold, daughter of Xormau and I.ucy J. (Davis) Griswold. Ch. : 
I. Frank C, b. March 13, 1884. 

H. Harry N., b. June 2, 1885. 

HI. Agnes M., b. Aug. 16, 1887. 

Daniel W. Stai*les, m. Mary H. Perham. He served in Co. D, 9th Reg't 
Vermont V^olunteers, in the Rebellion. 

Otto X. Staples, daughter of Daniel W. and Mary H. (Perham) Stajjles. 
was b. Feb. 7, 1859, at Charlestown, X. H. ; m. Emma D. Siemsen. Ch. : 
I. Mary H., b. April 19, 1886, in Linden, Cal. 



SMITH FAMILY. 

Xathax Smith and his wife Rebecca became settlers in Sliirlev. Mass., in 
the early part of the eigliteenth century. Rebecca d.. and was buried in the 
old cemeterv at the centre of the town in Shirlev. 

He m. for his second wife Mary Jupp, who d., his widow, Dec. 14, 1826. It 
is not known wliere X'athan Smitli died. 

He had seven children, who in order of birth were, Xathan, Sylvanus, 
Ephraim, Ezra, Anna, Daniel, and Priscilla. 

Four of these sons, Xathan, Sylvanus, Ephraim and Ezra, were in the Revo- 
lutionary War, enlisting from Shirley in the early i)ait of 1777, and serving in 
the 15th Reg't, which was recruited from Worcester and Middlesex Counties, 
and assisted in the captun* of Burgoyne at Saratoga, endured the sufferings at 
Valley Forge, fought on the plains of Monmouth, and participat<Hl in the crown- 
ing glory of Vorktown. 



438 HISTORY OF THE TOWX 

Xathaii also made himself eoiispieiiuu^ a.s a l«*ad«*r in t)ie Shays Kebellion. 

('apt. Sylvamis was a iiiemher of the .Society of Cincinnati, f«tablistied by 
tlie eominissioiieil ottieers of the American arniv in 1783. He built the first 
(lam acros* the Nashua Kiver at what is now called MItchelvllle Dam in Ayer. 
Mass. 

He was h. in 174(): m. Ajriies Moore of Boyli^ton. and had seven children: 
Sylvaniis. Kiith. I!u;;h. Liicv. Daniel. Jerusha. and A^nes. 

llu^h. the tliinlson. was h. at Shirley, July 23. 1769. Soon after heiM>imnj^ 
of a^e he moved to SprinjftieUL Vt. His youngest brother Daniel acconipanie«l 
him and setthnl in Ilartlaiul. Vt. 

Ifujjh Smith m. Hetsev Tower, and tliev had nine childn^n : 
I. Sylvanus. h. in 1S<>4 (^dead). 
11. Isaac Tower, b. in IWKJ (dead). 

III. Hiram Moore, b. in 1S01>; lives in Richmond. Va. 

IV. KlizalM»th Louise, b. in 1S12 (dead). 
V. Amelia, b. in 1S14 (dead). 

VI. Hugh. b. in 1817 (<lead). 

VII. Jerusha. b. in 1819 (dead). 
VIII. Marcia. b. in 1821 (dead). 

IX. Daniel, b. in 182:^: lives in Illinois. 

Hiram Moore Smith, third son of (apt. Hugh Smith, was b. in Spring* 
ti(*ld on the farm known as the (apt. Smith place, now owned by 
Levi R.WIiite. When about rtft»»<*n years old he Induced his father 
to let him learn to 1m' a machinist, and heenteretl n shop of his uncle, 
Noah Sattbrd. under a i>romise to earn the sum of six dollars a montli. 
In about on<» year he conuuenc(Hl with a caqH^titer and as.sisted in 
building a church in Chester. He then went to Kichmond« Va.. and 
in a few mouths was the foreman in ,labi»z Parker's inacliine shop. 
and after Parker's death l>ecanie the pn»i»rietor of the estaldishmeiit 
he had helped to iK'Come conspicuous. 

lb' was doing a very successful busimrss up to the time of the setv^ 
^ion of the Southern Stat«*s. Ilr made the fuses for the first sht^lU 
fired at Foit Sumter. He ni. Dec. 2(5. 1837. Eliailx'th Ames of 
AllMMuarle County. Va. \l\< wife wa-J also b. in .Springfi«»ld. Vt.. 
but th»'v fir>t met in Hichniond. Thev had seven children : 

• « 

1. KlizabHb Victoria, b. in 183S. 

2. Naac Tower, b. in 1841 (^deatl?. 

3. Virginia Willey. b. in 1S43. 

4. Marv Kvelvn. b. in 1S46: m. 1. S. Tower. 

5. Charles Moore, b. in iS-il (dead. 
<i. F'nHlerika Marx. b. in 1S56. 

7. Ilenrv Maston. b. in 18.59. 
The youngest. Henry Maston Smith, is the Connnonwealth Attorney 
for the city of Hichniond. Va. 

.li>>K SiKAhMAN. b. Dec. 14. 1781. in Ashburnham. Mass.. son of David 
Sieadman. who settled in Chester. Vt.. in 171*4. He obtaineil a good educjition. 
and for a time taught schoool. He engaged in business in Chester A\ith 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 




440 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Barnanl & Sheldon, and came to Sprin^eld in 1847. He in. Sanih Iii«;raliani 
of Chester. After her death he ni. Elizji Burton of Springfielil. 

On the 4th of July, 18B4. after niaknig a f!i>eeeh at a pienic in Sprfnj^fieUl. 
he sat down and ahiu»st iinnuHliately «»xpired. The bier was brougrht from the 
cemetery near by. his IxmIv wrapiMni in tlie national fla<r was phiced thereon, 
and a long j»rocession of nearly all pn»sent followed the deceased to tin* h<His*' 
which he had left but an hour bi^fore in apparent health. l*hiis dit-d iu tbt* 
«M«:hty-second year of his ajr<*. :ni honest, intelligent, and industrious town:;- 
uian, a man of extensive reading, a strong tem|N'nini*<» man, an able |M>litlcian. 
and an abolitionist of the (iarrison seluxd. 

In a brief letter c»f regret, in answer t<» an invitation to a public dinner in 
Chester in 1887. h«» wrote this t<»ast : 

••Martin Van Huren: the wonder i»f the age: the world has not produceii 
his like since the days of Ifaman. 

** Like Ilanian lie seeks to In* hononnl. 

•• Like llaman mav he 1m» exalted." 

SiM<»N Stkvkns was the most pr(»minent of the early settlers of .*^pring- 
tteld. 

He was b. in Canterburv, Conn., Dec. 5, 173fi. was a soldier in the Krendi 
and Indian War, and was taken prisoner by the Indians <»n T^*ike IJeorge in 
1758 and carri«Hl to ( )swego and Onondaga. .Vfter threi* attempts lie finally 
escajM^d. and trav<'ll«»d alone hundnnls of miles through the forests with n«» 
guide but a iM»cket conijiass. prottH'ting himself from the wild bensts ami 
Indians as best he could. This exi>erience. together with his courage an*! 
other noble traits of character, admirably litttnl him to be the leading man in 
the earlv settlement of this town. 

Some of his papers foilunately have Immmi i)resen'<nl. and fi-om these we 
learn the main fa<'ts of his history. Hi- name ap|M»ars (»n the ndl of Capt. 
Johnson's company of IJangers. and though this jiaper has no date, it state- 
that Capt. .Iohn><»n di^nl of his wound-, and another pai>er gives the •• name< of 
<^apt. Simon Stevens's company present in camp." an<l as most of the names 
arc* tlu' same a- those on the roll t»f Capt. .lohnson's company, we aiv leti tci 
infer that after the death of Capt. .lohn-on, Simon Stevens t«M»k the command. 
It is lMdiev«Ml that Capt. Stevens and hi- eonipany were with Col. <;oAe. and 
were the pioneer- in cutting the i niwii Point lJoa«l. Thetli*st camping ground 
of the soldiers was under the we-t sid** of what is now calbnl "Camp Hill" 
on the flat south of the town buildings. 

It was here that Mr. Steven- lor.iteil in 17()2. after his term of service in 
the army expir»Ml. Tradition has ii ilini be seleeie«l the plai*e when cutting 
the road in 17JM). 

Mr. Stevens wa- the llrst eou-t.ible in the town, and issuinl the call for the 
tirst town nn*eiing to organize tin* town in 17^>4. by direction of seven of tli«* 
inhabitants, a- iriven el-ewln'n*, :Mid at tbi< meeting was ehosen first selei*t- 
man, with Abn«*i- Hi-bee -eeond, and .l<*bi«'l Sinnuiuis constable. At a iue<*ting 
of the proprietor- of S|>ringtield. held in Xonhampton, .June IS. 17(>4. tlies** 
men. Stevens. Hi-bee, and Sinnn<»n-. wiTe :ippoint(»<l aconnnittee and em|>ow- 
ered •* in beliaU of the proprietor- in n-ceive possession <»f the lands in the 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 441 

.said townsliip of Springfield wliicii the said proi)riet<)rs have recovered judg- 
ment for, and title and possession of; and also to receive the possession of 
any lands in said Springfield, which the said proi)rietors shall recover judg- 
ment for, and title and possession of hereafter." By this we understand tliat 
these thre^^^ men were to have the care and management of all the lands owne<l 
by the i)roprietors in the town. At a meeting of the proj)rietors, held in 
Springfield, at the block-house, Aug. 27, 1771, Simon Stevens was moderator, 
and John Barrett clerk. At that meeting Simon Stevens, Abner Bisbee, and 
John Barrett were appointed to survey and lay out the fourth division of lots 
in the town. At this time Mr. Stevens had built a frame house and kept a 
tav(»rn. Tliere were then but three framed liouses in town, and twenty-seven 
families, mostly on or near Crown Point Road. Soon after the organization 
of the town Mr. Stevens was appointed justice of the peace, and was ever 
afti'r known as filstpiire Stevens. This title comported better with the dig- 
nit v of his character than anv other of the lialf score, both militarv .*md 
civil, that he afterward received. It was to liim that the young men and maid- 
«*ns came to l)e married in those davs of the absence of anv minister, lie 
carefully kepr a record of these marriages in a book which is among tlie pa- 
pel's pres(»rved. 

lie received a connnission from Sir Henry Moore, Governor of Xew York, 
as captain of the 8th ( ompany of Foot for the regiment of which Thomsis Chand- 
ler of Chester was colonel. lie was chosen colonel of the Upper RegimcMit 
of Cumb«Mland County in 1775, and among his i)apers is a list of the officers 
of this regiment in his liandwriting. In 1776 he was appointed major of the 
l>rigade of the militia of Cumberland and (ihmcester Counties, and c<mimis- 
sioned l)y the ci>n vent ion of Xew York. Possessing the confidence of the 
l>roprietors and the j>eople, he was chosen to nearly all the ofi^ces and posi- 
tions of honor in their gift, and by his integrity of character and great indus- 
try he contril)uted in a largi' degree to the hap))iness and prosperity of the 
town. 

He was first marri<'d Nov. 22, 17()7, to Isabella Taylor, daughter of the wife 
of Sanuiel Scott by her first husband. She d. .Ian. 11, 1771, aged nineteen 
years, and left one son. Simon Stevens. Jr. 

Mr. Stevens's second wife was Lvdia Silsbv of Acworth, \. H.. who died 
Feb. 20, 1781, age<i 34, also leaving one son, Silsl>y Stevens. 

He was again married to Anna Field of Springfield, who d. S<»pt. 27. 1882, 
jig(^l 80 years. 

There was one son by the last marriage. Major John Stevens, who was a 
physician, and liv*^d in Springfield, was on«* of the promoters of the first li- 
l)rary in town. He m. Fanny Nichols, daughter of l.evi Nichols. He d. Ajiril 
28, 1888, aged 4.5 years. Six children. 

In thr year 18(K) Esipiire Stevens built a large two-story l)rick house where 
once stood his log cal>in, and lived there till his death. His place was juir- 
chased for a town farm, and tb<* honse was burned in 18(»2, after condng into 
possession of the town. 

He early espoused the cause of Christ, and was active in organizing the first 
church in town, of wliich he was an honored member. He d. Feb. 18, 1817, in 



442 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

tho eijjhty-lir>t yrar of liU n^v, aiul was buried in the village cemetery, where 
a stone >\itli the foUowinjj: inseripti(»n marks his gnive: 

" DetiJt i//sf jnbet te meminiue ntortis* 

"■ Siinuii >te|llleIl^, Em|., \v»!i I*, in Canterbury, Conn., Dec. 5, 1736. He wae taken priMmer 
by the Indian^ on L:ikc Getfrjrc in IT.V, canieil from thence to Oswego and Onond^^, vbere 
he re.*>i<le(l more than a yejir, and after cndurin;r many hard^^hips made his esrape. 

'* He settled in thin town In I7«»i. wnt, captain In I77», brigade major in the RerolotiOMiry 
War, and lieutenant-colonel under the Governor of this State. He was a member of the 
Provincial CongreA!<, first justice of the peace in this town, which office he euAtained more 
than fifty year^, and several year» reprcMsnted the town In the general ast^embly. He early 
profe^^ed the religion of (liri:*!, walked upright, and on the IStliof February, 1B17, exchanged 
his life for a inure gli>r1our> imniortJiHry.** 

Ai:<ir>Ti\K W. Stk'KXKV, son of Henry C. and Mary (McKeen) Stiekney, 
was b. in Mason. N. II.. April 21». 1S4S. H«» is a hlacksmitb hy trade aud a 
skilltHl workman, lit* worked manv vears for IS. T. Jolinson, and is noir with 
K. S. Herrick. lie serve<l in the Hehellion in Co. H. 18th Ueg't New Hami>- 
shire Volnnt«»ers. lie m. Nov. 31. 1S<W. Mary J. White, daughter of Franklin 
and Caroline M. ilVarson) Wliite. T'h. : 

I. Henry L.. h. in Lebanon. X. H.. Jan. 25, 1871. graduated from the 

Springfield high seluwd, was two years in Middlebury C<dlege. then 

stndifMl medieine and graduaKnl from the Mtnlieal Department uf 

the Cfiivershy of Vennont in 18JM. In pnietit'e at XewiK)rt, X. U. 

II. Kva J., h, April 4. 1877: d. Sept. 2. 1S78. 

III. Harry C.. h. April 14. 18X2. 

Fkank W. Stilk>. son <»f William L. and Betsey A. (Sargent; StUes. icas 
h. in Windsor. Dee. 27. 1849. The family mov<Hl to SpringtIehl in 18fi4, and 
Frank began work for th<» V«»nnt»nt Novelty Works Co. at the age of fourteen. 
His father being sul>jeet to mental derangement at times. th<» eare and support 
of the family fell upon F'rank. ami he disehartr<Ml his dutv with tidelitv, triiiii- 
in;; himself Xn habits of industry and self-reliance. 

He worked for the Noyelty (Nmipany until 187<>. when he lM»gan job print- 
ing for himself, and in ls7S eouunenetHl the publication of the Springfield 
liefptn'trr, which still contimn»>. Mr. Stiles has ** paddled his o>\ni canoe," re- 
ceiving little, if any. heli» from others, ami has Iw^en sucivssful in his eft'orts. 
The IiefMu'f*r is now established upon a good paying basis, and he is the owner 
of valuable n*al estate in Sj»ringfield village. 

He m. .lune 5, ls71». Ann S. Hayes, daughter of Daniel and Mary (Boyle) 
Haves of Plvmouth. Ch.: 
I. (ieorjje Have»«. 
11. Louisa Mav. d. in infancv. 

III. Bessie Ann. d. in infancy. 

IV. Harold F. W. 
V. Kus^ell William. 

DAVir> Stim>on was b. in Tolland. Conn.. April 14. 1762, and e:uue to 
Springlield previous to 1704. He m. Anna Wilson, b. April 3, 1766. Ch. : 
1. Barbara, b. June 3. 171U : m. Benjamin Lewis. Oct. 7. 1813. 



•God h'nii^el I command" vou to remember death. 



OP SPRINGFIELD, VT. 




FRANK W. STILES. 



444 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

II. Samuel, b. Oct. 7, 1793; was a larj^e ami pro8«i)erou8 farmer, lived ii:^^ 
District No. 4; m. Lucy Griswold, daugliter of Daniel and Amu« 
(Lentlial) Oriswold, Dec, 24, 1818. Slie d. Aug. 30, 1860. SamueT 
Stimson d. Feb. 27, 1877. Ch. : 

1. Samuel, Jr., b. Dec. 28, 1823; m. Mary K. Eaton, April 18, 1850. 

She d. July 19, 1863. He d. Jan. 14, 1856. Ch. : 
(1). Mary i:., b. July 17, 1852; m. George H. Barrett, Feb. 27. 
1872, who d. Jan. 24, 1875. Ch. : 
[1]. Charles, b. Aug. 20, 1874. 
Mary E. m. 2d, Otis Sawyer; res. in Sharon. Vt. 
(2). Lizzie L., b. Feb. 3, 1856; d. July 20, 1863. 

2. Ellen I^., b. Xov. 28, 1835; m. Jan. 15, 1855, Charles II. Uaywoo<i. 

b. DtKJ. 15, 1832. Ch. : 
(1). Samuel S., b. Sept. 12, 1859; m. Carrie M. Woodward, July 
30, 1884 ; res. in Cambridge, Xeb. 

III. John, b. March 1. 1795: d . 

IV. Sally, b. April 23, 17J)8; m. Abijali Miller, May 29, 1817. (See Miller 

family.) 
V. David, i). July 4, 1804. 

Chester H. Stone, son of Walter and Xam*y M. (D<»xter) Stone, was b. in 
Troy, Vt., July 25, 1822. He lived in Cavendish and Weathersfteld. In 1875 
came to Springfield and kept a boarding-house for John C. Holmes <& Co. ; m. 
Mary II. Rmnrill, daughter of Simeon and Polly (Hall) Rumrill. Ch. : 
I. Jennie A., b. Sept. 17, 1848; m. Christ o[>her C. Lee (deceasied). 
11. James E., b. Oct. 27, 1850; m. Frances E. ((irimshaw) Slattery. Ch.: 
FMith L., F'rank II., Annie. Vivia. 

III. Charles AV., b. July 31, 1853; m. Ella Sias of Cbarl*-st<»\vn, X. 11. 

Ch. : (ieorge llcnrv. AValter Chester. 

IV. Susan Ellen, b. Jum* 8. 1855; m. P^lbeit O. Hopkins. 
V. Mary F., b.Aug. 1, 1857: m. Fn*d K. Slunid. ' 

VI. Emma May, b. July 27. 1*^50: m. William II. Sias. 
VII. (JtMMjre E.. b. Mav S, 1861. 



r» 



Obadiah STKKETEUcame into this town from Weathersfteld in 1816, and lived 
at Xoith Springfield, <mthe plain near the old brick meeting-hou.<»e. This was 
before the time of frequent mails and daily papers, but two weekly newspaper^ 
were published at Windsor, the Vermont ./o//n*a/ by Alden Spooner, and the Be- 
puhJican by Simoon Ide. About 1820. Mr. Stret»ter began to make regular weekly 
journeys to Windsorfor these papers, and distributcMl them, leaving a buudh' at 
what was then Weathersfield F%mr Corners, now Ascutney ville, at WeathersfieM 
Centre and North Springfield, and bringing one for Chester. He took suhserij>- 
tions for the papers, leaving single copies at houses on the route, and also carrieti 
letters and parcels, and did all kinds of errands for the acconnnodatioii <»f tin* 
people. The w<'ekly visit of the •* post ridei'.** as he wjis called, was the one 
event of interest to most of these families, whose information and knowhnlge 
of current events was ol)tained from the one weekly paiH»r and the verbal n»- 
poits of the carri<*r. Mr. Sireeter made these trips on horseback nutW IS'Jo^ 
when he had his first wagon. 



^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, YT. 445 

H« m. KHxnbeth JtickmHii of Wcnihrri'lleld. who d. Jhu. 5, 1818. .July 16, 

1818, he m. SuR»nnah Wesoott, h. .Iiiiip 6, 1702. He A. MhitI) 11, 1M1. 

By the flrsi marriage there were three ehlldi'en ; 

I. I,nchis, b. tn Weatherefield. Vt.. .\\\g. 2. 1813. Hi« father moved 

to North Siiringlleld in 1816, aud Lueiiif lived there until tweiity- 

one y<^an> old, when he went to Kin<lge, X. II., where he was for 

lu.iny yeni'H forenniii and mimagei- lu the shoe b(ieiiie»ii> of Ainos 

Ten yeiirc tifter, not being content to continne In the nhoe husi- 
nwfl and hHving a Mi-oug desln- tor iigripiiiturul pnrsnits, he Bever»>d 
all eonneetion 
with Ills foi-iuei' 
huHliiei')', I II lived 
to WeatherelleUl, 
and bought of 
(llarltii Barrett 
the old JackniHii 
homestead, where 
hm mother wut 
brought up. 'riien 
(•time the 
struggle of hii 
life. I[| 
ahundotied u well- 
knim'ii luifliiess, 
whkh hnd .ili- [ 
Norbedall hUbe 
fneoltles aud e 
ergles from Ii 
youth, an. 
wWfh he hnd l»- 
fimie a jiroflclenl 
iiin»ter In 
branch, lo try :i 

He begun fan I ling 
In 1S47, nttheuge 
ci r thirty-lbi'ee. 
with II heavy mort- 
gage on his farm, 

aud it l« ni-cdiess to stiy that it wiis only by the most persistent eflbrt 
and rigid ecfindiny, shared e(|UBlly by bis wife, that he was able to 
eum the inirreut until lie came into more calm waters. In 1868 he 
muved to Springfield, having lionght the Simeon Bradford farni, 
in Kureka, of Thomas Pratt, where he is jii^^Jhing.'OIiM). 
In 1870 tie bougiit [lie Woodlwry ISrm adjoining his homestead 
lo still furtlier exieiii) his dairy aud wool Inisiness. liNving been a 
tu'eeder of choice iiieHiio sheep for nearly tlftyyears. lie is known 




446 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

as one of the most sy!*toinatic and sjueeessful fanuere of this section 
of tlie State, and pojistesses the confidence and esteem of his towns- 
men. For !*even years he was overseer of the poor, and for three 
years s<>lectman, and since 1879 has been one of the trustees of 
Springfield Savings Bank. 
He m. Oct. 27, 1836, Mary Jane StnUton, daughter of Josiah Strat- 
t<m of Kindge, X. H. Ch. : 

1. William, b. Sept. 15, 1839; m. April 19, 1863, Marianna Cutler 

of Kludge, X. n., and settled in Junction City, Kan., in 1865. 

2. nerl>ert, b. Mai-ch 3, 1852: m. March 6, 1878, Hattie E. Bntterfield 

of Springfield, and is manager i»f the home fann, where he lives 

with his father. Ch. : 
(1). Harry, b. Aug. 10. 1879. 
(2). Arthur, b. Oct. 16, 1882. 
(3). Jane, b. Xov. 21, 1889. 
II. Elizal)eth, b. Septemlwr, 1815: d. 18;^. 

III. Sarah Carlton, b. Aug. 19, 1817: m. Waldo (*. (lark, and moved 

to Wisconsin. 
Also three chililren by the second marriage: 

IV. Susan, b. March 29, 1819; m. Stephen H. Xourse in 1854, and now 

lives in California. 
V. Charles W., b. Xov. 30, 1820: m. Aseuath Lewis in 1848: d. Mav 25. 
1892. One son : 

1. Charles W., m. Ada Cone. 
Vl. James, b. in Springfield. June 14. 1824. He went south at the 
age of twiMity, and was soon largely tMigagetl in mercantile busi- 
ness in Alabama. At the optMiing of the war he bad business inter- 
ests ill Memphis, a bank in St. Louis, and cotton plantations in Mi?i- 
sissippi. In 1S61 be loeat<Hl at Junction City. Kan., and was senior 
partner in the tirm of Streeter c>c Strii'kl«*r. In addition to a lar^t* 
wbolesale and retail store*, they (jwned )>anks and mills, supplied 
government posts with pntvi'iitMis, dealt largely in hind, Luilt 
hotels, and conducted what was eousidered at that time the 
largest business enterprise in the State. Mr. Streeter was one of 
the pioneer> of Leadville. Col., built the tw(» large hotels, and 
clearcnl in two years one bundr(*d thousand dollars. His investments 
were made with rare business sagacity, and he seldom failed of suc- 
cess in his Inisiness ventures. 

In 1868 he m. Mi*s. Josie King of Okalona, Miss. He d. at Kan- 
sas Citv, July 16, 1SS6, leaving a wife and one daughter: 

1. Jennie. 

Samikl Shattl'CK, son of Samuel and Elizal>eth (Wesson) Shaft uek, was 
b. Sept. 17, 1757, in Pepperell, >lass.. came to Springfield in 1795, and d. Iiere 
in 1835. He m. Dec. 14, 1781, Hannah Hartwell, who d. March, 1850, aged 99. 
Ch. : 

I. Samuel, b. Sept. 17. 17S1, came to this town with his father in 1797. 
Settled in Crown Point in 1816, and later in life in Line Mills, Pa. 
Five children. 



OP SFMNGFIELD, VT. 



11. Daniel, b. July 18, 1783, was a i-ooiicr in Spriuglti'lii imtU 1818, then 
inovt>d to Bostun, and after tu Line MilU, Pa. ; in. Louisa D. Urgnn, 
whu d. In Boston, Jan. 16, 1844. 
m. Wesson, b, Oct. 25, 178S; m. Betsey >[iitliei-8 of Springlield; settled 

In Esse.x, X. Y. 
IV. HartweU, b. Feb. 18, 1788 ; cauie to this town with his father iu 17S6 ; 
m. Mercy SnfTord, daughter o( Philip and Elizabeth (Bigelow) 
Saffoi-d. 
V. Hannah, b. July 29. 1790: d. Aug. 22. 1790. 

VI. Clementina, b. Sept. 4, 1791; A. hi Sprlngfleld; Dec. 27, 1852; m. 

November, 1818, Dnvid M. Merritt. In 1820 they settled In this 

town. He d. Ang. 21, 1845, aged 5G. Four children. (See Merritt 

family.} 

VH. lioxanna, b. In Springdeld, .\pril a, 1796; in. Xov. 9, 1817, Samuel 

Litchfield of Scitunte, Mass. 
William A. Snell, non of Nelson .V. and Emily J. (McCollister) Snell, 
was b. in Chester, Vt., Mjircli 6, 1846. He ni. Aug. 20. 18G5, Mnry Hall, 
daughter of Hiram and Lucy A. X.oodell) Hall. <h. : 

I. FrankE.,b. in Chester, Vt.. I>ec. 11. lWi7;iLi. Ilaltie B. !>»vis. 
II. Hattie M., b. June 3, 1870. 
III. FredW.,b.Se|)I.17. 

1881. 
l\ deorge 

n I88( 
\MASA ■'lAI'UlKl" 
ofEliphnlitaiid — (Kandi 
spafibrd, fortnerU liied 
W eathcrsfiLid iflt 
bpringltetd Ih d 
1870 He ni Isl --(IjiI 
Lnlham Ch 

1 Mmeon I li <kt 
15, 182{) U<\\i- 

nud i]ukl>li lo-e 
to eminent hihi<< 
pnifesslon He 
wan eniplo\ed at 
fllllercnt times l>> 
till' Vermont iind 



Mas; 



ehU! 



liailruad Co., ihe 
Troy and (ircen- 
fleld,tlicVi 
Central, the .Vla- 
bamn and Ten- 
nessee,Hndotherei, 
He was the Inveu- 




AMASA S<>*FFORD. 



HISTORY OF TBE TOWK 



tor at the SiHiffiiiil railway pro»«tlTe filgnslE for drawbridge*. At 
thr tliiu- of bill ilt-atti Ht I'liiladf tphi*. Jan. 35, ISliS, bp w*s geiwral 
>>ui)i-riiitpii(li^nt of till- nilladel{>)ila. Wilmington and Baldmof* 
KHllroad. Il<^ m. Ffb. 27. ^»SH. Soi)lila B. Field of XorttaarU. 
Msis^. Ch.: 
1. <i<>orf^ I... I>. Oct. 12. 1853: in. Man4) 4. jsrs. Nelfle J. S>«7vr. 
Up in ii>iii1uct<>r on New lAindon and N'onbem RallroMl. and 
clerk aiul trvuiiur«r iif KstfV Guards, Bralllf-Uont. 
H. S.iniui'1 n. I>. S'lH.MI. l8S4:fw.l)n'wiivUl*, S.II. 
HI. Mar>- ; ni. Pliny mtnum : re». iu Strmm;, Xeb, 
IV. Sarah E., in. fire. W. 1 veiiiinicHv : liMli de«t«K4^. 

V. Caroline S.. lu. Fnuik 

M. Xw, i». 1(37. 

Bpt^'v Latham, who it 

Mill liviug in SprinsAebl 

{18W). <h. I>,v2diiur. 

rlage: 

. IVHJtev II,. b. April 4. 
1R4». He enU^tMl 
JuiH- 23. 1862. ia Co. 
D.»thfi^-t Vermont 
A'HlunlferK ; wm die- 
<-tuirgi>d iiuU rv-en- 
lii^rnl lu Co. H. 7th 
Ri-^tteut. Uei', 15. 
1S83, affcharifre^ m 
Urnmaiillp, Tpx«s. 
March 14, 18«6. H,. 
in. .Vug. 2. ISTS. ]!<»«• 
M. IVr- Ch.: 

I. nillip I^^thiim ; r<>s. in 
Ihiranvo. I '•il. 
;.-..i^ W., h, i^^.x_ 3_ 
imS: res, with hl» 
inollipr in .Spriii};- 
fipld. 

:a Simfford waii not til 
man of prodigious 

i^li, and itiaiiy iine«^ 
liilil of his frat.'^ of 




|KI« 



IlKMtt IlAKKI^ON Sl-AKKOKII. h. Ill W<'ilth>'rsfll'l<l. ^Hiiy Itl, 1818. wn.- thc- >^OII 
iif .lrisc)ihiiiKl Itaclifl (Wrifrlu) Siiiiffonl. and Kriiud>ioiiIof|Jowi>li and Sanili 
i(^iiii'0 S|)iifti>rd. wli" iimvpd from Itnxfonl. MaSii.. to Weaib«rsHeld, Vi.. 
wlioi tlit-rc wi-ri' iiut llin-i' fiiinilii>« In that t<iwu. HUIwIfv wa« Pnideniv 
(iooclwlii. <l<t-i-:i!'>il. Mr. Sjiattonl wii^ otic iif tin- tirst to invest money in 
wi'sfni i^wuritit-H. uiiil liy jndifiou* ininiHici'iiii-iit of hi* loiiii? for many years 



OP SPRINOFIEIJ), VT- 



449 



he accuiuiilnted a large property, lie was uncounted a man of iiitpgi'ity uuil 
strictly honeEt in all business affairs. Up whs tnr mauy yeare ii director of 
the Bank of Black River at Proctorgville, and held uther Important trusts. 
In 1872 he came to Springfield, and l>i>ught » houi^' on Seminary >I11I. where 
he lived till his death, Jon. 8, 1893. 

By his will Mr. Spafford left 820,000 dollars in the haniic ot tmstpes to 
be expended for a public library buildluK and the ciiie ot the wlith> in Sjning- 
fleld. (See Spafford Library Building.) 

HiitAM Spafkoru, son of Joseph and Kacbel (Wright) Spaftord, I). Nov. H, 
1801 ; m. Feb. 8, 1835, Paulina Cutter ot .laffi-ey. S, II. He d. in .Sjiringfleld, 
July 16, 1846. Cll. : 

I. Abbie L., b. Oct. 26, IMO; d. He.-. 21), 1871. 

II. Hiram Duncan, b. July 29. 1841 ; in. Jtiiie 4. 1867. Mary lieorgianna 
Fowler, wlu) d. .Vi)ril 25. 1886. Cli. : 

1. Hurry Fowler. I). Nov. 1. 1871. 

2. HInim Milton, h. May 13. 1874. 

3. Edward Klwell, b. Mareh V2, 1878. 

4. Georgli' Louise, b. I>ei-, 23, 187ft. 
5 Fred Kniest. d. Aug. "1, 1886. 

ItOMAINE A. Sl'AKKIIldl, 

BOD of John T. iinU Kstlier 

(Tunier) SpatlVinl. was h. In 

Weston, Vt., llnreh 28, 1847. 

He has been deputy sheriff 

and high Itailiffof thecouuly, 

ie engaged iu niercan tile busi- 
ness Ht North .Springfield. 

Be in. Eudena Bludgelt, 

daughter of William A. 

and Caroliue {Mnyiiiini) 

B lodge! t. 
William Si'AKHow. Hiir- 

ness maker; carried on the 

buBlnese a number of years i ti 

Springfield ; sold out in 1894. 

He was a nienitMT of the 

First Vennout t'avalry, and 

nerved as saddler's sergeant 

In Co. I. He ni. Jane L. 

Forf, deceased. ( 'h. : 

I. Henry I>.,m. Fannie 
L. Hnyden (de- 
censed), ihtnghtiT 
of ( !liarles S. and 
Cynthia It. (Tay- 
lor) llnydeii. 
U. Allen. 




450 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Xatiiaxiel Si»Ai ldixg raine to Springfli^ld from Cavendish in March. 1853, 
and boujrjit a farm on the brook in Spencer Hollow, which is now onmed by 
hi? son, Fnincis P. Si)aulding. He was an exc<»llent fanner and a man of greitt 
industry. By judicious ditcliing and under-draining, lie chan«:ed a swampy 
flat into one of the finest meadows in town, and this farm has few superiors of 
the same size, lie d. Jan. 1. 1879. His wife. Annie (Swift) S]muldin«r, d. 
Dec. 11. 1880. <'h. : 

1. Francis P., b, in Cavendish. June 16. 18:^7: m. Oct. 13, ISOi, H. 
Florence My rick, daughter of Marshal S. and Katharine A. (^ Walker ^ 
My rick, b. June 25, 1845: res. on the liomestead in Spencer Hollow. 
Ch. : 

1. Fred M.. b. Aug. 15. 180.S. 

2. Morton M.. b. April 12. 180.7. 
II. M(*linda. d. vounjj. 

HI. Julia Ann. m. Samuel H. Nutting (d«*cease<l) ; res. in Chester. 

IV. Charles Klli<>t (dec<\ase<l). 
V. Henrv, res. in Cavendisli. 

VI. Eliziibeth. m. George W. Winslow, a Methodist chTgy man : res. in 
Illinois. 
VII. Emily J. (deceas<nl) ; m. Henry Martin. 

VIII. Sarah J., m. A. D. L. Herrick: res. in Chester. 

SPENCEK FAMILY. 

The sixth school district received its familiar name of "Spencer Hollow" 
from three brothers. Timothy. Taylor, and Simeon Si)encer, who settled here 
at a very early date. 

Timothy Spenc«*r and Taylor Spt»nc<M' w(»re two of the seven inhabitants <.>f 
Springfi«*l(i who signtni the first call for a town meeting, in March. 1764, tht^ 
original copy of which is still pres**rved among the pai>ers of Simon Stevens, 
with the signatures in their own handwriting, and Simeon SiK*ncer was 
elected <me of the town otficvrs at the first town meeting of which then- is 
any couiph'te n*cord. which was in Ai)ril. 17GtK 

Timothy Si'KXCEii settbMi ou the farm afterward for a long time oci'iipit^i 
by Hugh Smith. Iwtween H. M. Arms*s and Levi I*. Whhe's. on the Crown 
Point IJoad. lal«*lv owned l)v Horace Messinnfcr. lit' enlisted in the arm v. ;ind 
died in service in 1770 or 1777. He h*ft a large familv. but thev all left this 
town nearlv a centurv a^o. 

Taylor Spkncek m. Mary Davis, and settled on or near the farm where 
H. M. Arms now lives. They had sixteen children, but only one made perma- 
nent settlement in this town. — Phib*na. who m. John Walker. (See sketch 
of Walker family.) Taylor Spencer lived s<*veral years in Charlestown. X. H. 

Simeon Si»encek was h. in 1740: d. March 25. 1808. He m. Esther Gouhl. 
and liv(»d on the farm now owned by J. D. Chase. His wife d. July 20. 1821. 
aged 82. Thoy had seven sons and two daughters. 

I. James was a well-known and popular minister of the Christian d«*- 
nomination. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 451 

Nehemiah, Aaron. Jonas, and John sottlrd in Speni-or Hollow, and nearly 
every fann in that school district has been oecupif'd by one of the Sj»encers or 
some of their descendants. 

II. Xehemiah Spencer, ui. May 12, 1791, MaHlia Bra^g. They had three 
sons and Ave danghters. One son and one danghter <i. in youth. 
Ch. : 

1. Betsey, ni. T. Hnlett. 

2. Sally, ni. Lu<*ius Fairbanlvs. 

3. Kehtse Maria, in. l^ike Schofteld. 

4. I.ucinda, in. Jeremiah Wood. Ch. : 
(1). Merab, m. Henry II. Flet<!her. 
(2). Medora, m. Quincy Damon. 

5. Lewis, was killed June 15, 1815, by falling from a frame. 

6. Xehemiah (jiould. m. Mary Ann Walker, and lived on part of his 

fathers' farm. He d.in 1848. They had twelve children. Shed, 
in 1848. 

7. Solomon, m. Abigail Pierce, and lived on a part of the homestead 

in Springfleld. He d. in 1880, leaving three children : 
(1). Harriet A., unm. 
(2). Sarah L., m. Amos Holden. 

(3). Lewis S., m. Kdna Pop<» of Claremont, X. II., and was the 

last of the name to live in Spencer Hollow. He w^ent to 

Wisconsin in 1881. 

in. Aaron Spencer, m. Patty Glazier; liv(?d in Spencer Hollow, afterwards 

moved to Clarendon. He is remembered as a man of ability, and 

who held offlces of trust in town affairs. There were at least three 

children : 

1. (iuv, b. 1707. 

2. Lydia, b. 1800. 

3. Simeon Keed, b. 1807. 

IV. Jonas Spencer, m. Aug. 4, 1790, li<'thiah Bates, lived on the fann since 
owned by iiufiis Bosworth. He was an otticer in the militia, and 
retained the title of major. Ch. : 

1. Jonas Bates, b. Sept. 3^ 1801. He first live<l on the homestead in 

Spencer ihillow. afterwards moved to the village and kept tlie 
hotel. He d. Aug. 2(i, 187(>. He had three wives: m. 1st, Eliza 
A. White: m. 2<1, Betsev Moore. Ch. : 

ft 

(1). Josiah, kept the hotel in Springfield a few years. 
(2). Kliza. m. It. O. Forbush. (S»e sketch.) 
Jonas Bates ni. 3d, Mrs. Hannah Ladd. <'h. : 
(3; Alvah C.. b. : m. (iertrude A. AIUhs 

2. Maria. Ik June 12, 1803: d. in infancv. 

3. J(»shua B., b. May 27, 1805: m. Sophia Putnam, daughter of Abra- 

ham Putnam. 

Patrick Si»illane. only son of Michael and Margaivt (Pendergrast) 
Sjiillane, was b. in 1837, \n tlie town of Spillane, Limeiick County, Ireland. 
His father carried on the tailoring Inisiness, and was a prominent man in his 



452 



HISTORY OF THE TOWN 



native towu. Patrick was tntiued in the gehool^ and received a liberal educa- 
tion. In 1S57 lie came to Sprin^eld, and began working at his father's trade 
with — Morgan, who had a tailor's shop. 

He worked at tailonng tliirty-four years, with different men, inelacUng — 
Morgan, — Fleming, James Kidder, H. W. Floyd, and O. E. Noyes. He wa* 
killed bv an accident caused by a runaway team in 1801. 
He m. Catharine A, Mahoney. C'h. : 
I. Alice May, b. April is! 1867. 
n. William F., b. Sept. 12. 1869. 
HI. Eugenia H.. b. Jan. 22, 1872. 
TV. Henry G., b. Nov. 30, 1873. 
V. Walter S.. b. Xov. 30, 1873. 
VI. Agnes M.. b. May 1, 1878. 
VII. Grace < '., b. July 8, 1880. 

OSMAX A. Si»KiXG, son of John A. and Delia A. (Sawtelle) Spring, was b. 
April 25, 1843 : a member of Co. D, 9th Reg't Vennont Volunteers. He ni. 
Jan. 1, 1866, Melissa J. Evans, daughter of Joseph II. and Rondella (Hodg«>^ 
man) Evans, (li. : 

I. Lillian M.. b. Feb. 18. 1867. 
II. Leslie A., b. Dec. 27, 1870. 
HI. Myi-tie A., b. Sci)t. 6, 1875. 

Otis 1*. Si»ikk. sou of Phineas and Sanih (Kemington) Spurr, was t). in 
Pittsfteld, Mass., Aug. 28, 1834. Served in the War of the Rebellion in a Mai*- 
sachusetts regiuieut^il band. He m. Dec. 7. 1865, Henrietta Washburn, daugh- 
ter of Alphonso and Sarah A. (Upham) Washburn. Ch. : 
I. Albertus Otis, b. July 21. 1867. 
II. Clyde W., b. Fel). 4, 1852: d. Xov. 2;^, 1872. 

Cait. AniAL S. Smart was born in Hopkinton. N. H., Man'h 19, 1783. His 
father was ( 'ol. li<'uning Snuirt of that town, who was twice married and had 
fourteen cbihlren. A))ial was the third child by the second wife. Abigail 
Hutchins. He came to Springtield in 1818 or 1819, and for many years fol- 
lowed the trade of cabinet making, having a shop where that of the Parks 
& Woolson Machine ( ompany now stands. Later he engaged in the manufac- 
ture of ox bows and axe helves and in house ])ainting. The last of his life he 
lived in the house now occupied by Herman Dressell. Sept. 24, 1824, he was 
elected captain of artillery, and attached to the St»cond Regiment, Second Bri- 
gade, First Division of Vermont Militia. His commission is now in ix)sse.ssion 
of his daughter, Mrs. Graham, and l>ears the signature of C. P. Van Xess, 
governor of Vermont. 

Capt. Smart was a prominent Mason, and was a member of St. JohnV 
Lodge in 1819. 

He m. Sophia Bennett of Oiarlestown, N. H.. daughter of Abner Bennett, 
who afterward lived in Springfield. There were eleven children, only three 
of whom are now living: James, who resides in California; Mrs. Abbie S. 
Brown of Cambridgeport, ^lass., and Mrs. Sarah Graham, wife of Ahnon Gra- 
ham of Springfield. 

Capt. Smart died in 1869. 




-^ ^ 





|\(,l^\r^vJSv%JwUA^ 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 458 

I. Joseph Smart, son of Abial S. and Sophia (Bennett) Smart, b. , was 

a painter by trade and lived in Springfleld. He m. Khoda A. 
WTiitney. Ch. : 
1. George VV., b. Aug. 11, 1869, followed the trade of his father. He 
m. Dec. 24, 1884, Belle E. Kendall, daughter of 11. J. and 
Marcia J. Kendall of Chester, Vt. Ch. : 
(1). Harold Joseph, b. Jan. 9, 1886. 
(2). Hobert Abial, b. Jan 24, 1889. 
(3). Ruth Adelle, b. March 26, 1893. 

William Smilev, son of Francis Smiley, was born in the north of Ireland, 
and came to this country with his father wlien three years old. He married 
Sarah Robinson, who was born in Boston, Mass., in 1731, and w^hose parents 
were from England and settled in Jaffrey, N. H., wh<»r(» for forty years he 
was senior deacon of the church of Rev. Dr. L. Ainsworth. He died in 
Springfleld at the house of his son. Rev. Robinson Smiley, March 24, 1813, 
and his wife two years later. Both are buried in Springfleld cemetery. 

Rev. Robinson Smiley, son of William and Sarah (Robinson) Smiley, was 
born in JaftVey, X. IL, April 19, 1771. He graduated from Dartmouth College 
in 1798, and studied theology with Rev. Dr. L. Ainsworth of Jaffi-ey, Rev. Dr. 
William Emerson of Boston, and Rev. Xathaniel Thayer of Lancaster, Mass. 
Sept. 23, 1801, he was ordained and installed pastor of the C-ongregational 
church in Springfleld, and his pastorate conthmed tweuty-f<iur years. 

He was courtly in beaiing, affiible in manner, playful and witty, a gentle- 
man of the old school. He possessed the happy, mirthful temi)erament and 
the sparkling wit of the Irish race, wliich contributed to his hopeful view of 
life in this world and the next, and enabled him to parry verbal attacks, 
whether serious or humorous, by those bright retorts which left the attacking 
party silenced if not ccmvinced. Among his people and in every parishioner's 
house, he was i)erfectly at home, and was Father Smiley to all. He was never 
in a hurry, and could always stop for a leisun»ly chat by the wayside, or a3 
willingly accept an invitation ''to tea "from any household along the way. 
His hearty appreciation of all good things of a material kind wanned the 
hearts of his jwople to such generosity that the capacious saddle-bags, which 
were always with him at such times, were again and again most bountifully 
filled. In his estimation, the farms, flocks, homes , and children of his people 
were unsurpassed, and he expressed unbounded admiration for everything 
beautiful, true, and good. 

He carried his bright view of life into his funeral services, and, Slotting 
aside all faults and shortcomings, with kindlj' care brought only the good to 
the ears of his listeners. 

In those early days the inhabitants of this town were a church-going i)eo- 
ple, and, let the weather be wanu or cold, wet or dry, the labors of the week 
hard or easy, the Sabbath found th«Mii in their square, high-backed pews. 
Inhere were large families that fllled the pews to the utmost limit, and as 
Father Smiley entered the broad aisle for the Sabbath morning service, he 
would gracefully remove his hat with his light hand, pjiss it to his left, and, 
advancing toward the pulpit, would bow smilingly to those on either side. 



454 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

Tile inoiiiing service l>egaii witli the reatiing and i^iugiiig of a hyniD, then a 
cliapter-reatliiig fn)in the Bil»le, followed by the prayer, daring which Father 
Smiley eonsitiered it irrevei-ent for the congregation to remain sitting. ThL« 
prayer was calle<i the " long prayer," which was usually completed by Father 
Smiley in thirtj' minutes. The sennons were also of corresponding length, 
and the men who had toiled early and late during the week wouUi often !>*• 
drowsv bv the time ••9thlv " was reached. At such times Pastor Sinilev, not 

• • • • 

hesitating to address them jiersonally, would call out: •* Mr. Bro^-n" or 
•* S(|uire Stevens, will you have the goodness to awake?" It is said that these 
men. so over))urdened with fatigue, would sometimes rise and remain standing 
until the sermon was linisluHl. After the l>enediction, the congregation would 
remain standing while Mr. Smiley would bow himself out in the same manner 
as he came in. "A worthy shepherd of a gcMxlly flock." 

Father Smiley was broadly evangelical in his views and inculcated mainly 
the virtues of a (liristian life. His style was i)lain, his matter practical, his 
thought appreciable by all his congregation. He paid little atteutiuu to 
theories or metaphysical niceties, and was a clergyman of liberal views, not 
tenacious as to his particular cnn^d. but consid(»rate and resptnnful toward all. 

Ilis ready wit never failed him. and he usually gave as good as was sent. 
He had at one time delivered a sermon on worldliness, which was considere<l 
at the time one of the l»est he ever ])reachetl. It came home so closely t4> one 
of his hearei-s that, in his exasperation, he detennined to l>e even with the 
minister, and as he came out of the church he said to him: ** You preached a 
very <»xcellent sermon to-day. Mr, Smiley, and /am obliged to you for it : but 
hadn't 'ton lM»tter take a little of it to vourselfV" 

"Oh. most of it. most of it," was the quick rejoinder, ••but what little / 
don'f take. I 1io]m* onn'll make a goml use of." 

\Vhen Mr. Smilev tir^t came to Sj)nngtield he livcnl near the schooUious** in 
Eureka, on the Woodbury farm, lately owne<l by Lurius Stn*eter, and used to 
ride on horseback to the church on the common, and pivach two long seriiitni< 
each Sabbath, with no tire in the meeting-house at any seascm. Coming »lo\vu 
one verv windv dav as be drew near (apt. Lvnde's. later the Hiram Bisbee farm, 
his tall hat ])lew oft*, the wind taking it t<»wards Mt. Ararat. b<»yond his reach, 
with his sermons for the day in it. Calling at Mr. I.ynde*s they spee<lily de- 
spatched a man for the mi'^sing hat. who soon brought it back with the sermons 
imharmed. 

He afterward bought, in 1800. of IVter Xourse, the fann just above the 
common, now owned by Smith K. Handel, where he siH*nt the remainder of 
iris life. 

lie n*^igned his pastorate Sept. 4. lS*i.5. and was dismisse<l by council. <Xn. 
26 of that year, but still made bis home here with bis people, and occasionally 
preache<l to them. He died June 24. 1S.5I5. aged S6 years, and was respecteii 
and beloved by all who knew him during bis long and useful life. 

Mr. Smiley was m. Aug. H'k 180<». to Elizabeth Harkness, who was b. in 
Lunenburg, Mass., .lune 1. 177.S. and d. in Springfield, Oct. 2, 1860. ageil 87 
vears. Tbev ha<l eiyfht chibin*ii : 
1. William, d. in infancv. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 455 

II. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 14, 1802; in. May «, 1833, Heury Williams, who d. 
Nov. 20, 1835, at St. Domingo, island of ( uba. lliey had one child, 
Henrietta Elizal>eth, b. in Havana, Cuba, Nov. 6, 1S34. She was 
raised by her grandfather Smiley, and is now living at Alton, 111., 
unm. 
Elizabeth (Smiley) Williams d. at her father's in Springtleld, March 7, 
1837. 
HI. Thomas Ilarkness, b. May 4, 1804, was a mercliant in Springfield. In 
Novemlx^r, 1842, he removed to Knoxville, Tenn., wiiere he d. Aug. 
2, 186«. He m. Oct. 20, 1834, Nancy, daughter of Thomas ami Eliz- 
alx^th (Bates) Barrett. They ha<l two chil<lren : 

1. (ieorge Robinson, b. July 25, 1735: d. Oct. 20. 1844. 

2. Harriet Elizabeth, b. May 14. 1838: m. Nov. 22, 18G6, William 

Albert Henderson, who was born in (iranger Countv. Tenn., 
.Julv 11, 1836, and lives in Knoxvilhs Tenn. Thev have two 
children : 
(1). Mary, b. S<»pt. 4. 1807. 

(2). Anne, b. July 15, 1869. Mrs. Nancy (Bates) Smiley lives 
with them, with faculties unimi)aired, in her 82d year. 
IV. David Hobinstm, b. Oct. 2. 180f5: d. April I, 1810. 
V. William Em<'rson, b. Aug. 14. 1808: a lawyer by profession ; d. May 
28. 1840. 
VI. David Kobinson (th<* si'coud), b. St»i)t. 11, 1811; m. June 22, 1841, 
Sarah Williams, daughter of Col. Jonathan Williams of Springtleld. 
For many years they n»s. in Washington, D. C., where he was con- 
necte<l with the Post Otllce DepartUKMit. He d. in Springtleld, Nov. 
20, 181)3. ( h. : 

1. William Kuhmsou, b. May 2(», 1844. 

2. (ieorgf Henry, b. March 25, 1846. 

VH. Sarah Jane, b. July 4, 1814; m. May 13. 1847, S*th T. Sawyer, b. Aug. 
11), 1806, in Ifeading, Vt., attorney-at-law of Alton, 111., settled 
there in 18:^2; now living at the age of 82. Mrs. Sarah Jane 
Sawv«*r d. March 26. 1885. aged 70. Thev ha<l tiv<* children : 

1. IJ<d/mson Smib'y, b. Nov. 6, 1848. 

2. Bcnjandn Seth, b. Dec. 28, 1850. 

3. Sarah Klizabrth, b. Aug. 26, 1853; d. Oct. 1), 1880. 

4. Charles Emerson, b. Nov. .30, 1856. 

5. Frederick Ashton, b. May 9, 1860. 

VIII. James Francis, b. Nov. 14, 1816, was adopted by Abel Tarbell, and had 
his name changi'd to Tarbell: m. Sarah Shepai*d, and had seven 
cliildren : 

1. (George S., b. Marcli 2:^, 1H45. * 

2. Frank S.. b. S<*pt. 10, 1847. 

3. Clara Anna, b. Aug. 28. 1849. 

4. J<Mini<' Mav. b. Mav 25, 1851. 

5. Jessi«' Agm*<. b. Apiil 27. 1853. 

6. Faniiv Ellen, b. Feb. 11. 1855. 

7. Marv, b. 1S57. 



456 HISTORY OF THE TOWN 

About 1861 Jaiue» Fraucis ThHk*!! sold the old Smile v farm where he 

lived, and moved to Alton. III., where he still resides. He enlbtcd 

in the I'nion anu y during the Rebellion, and was woanded in bmtUe* 

Sjirali Smiley, sister of Rev. Robinson Smiley, m. Josiah Belknap: and 

lived in the house i*)w occupied by Henry I^onard. She d. In 8prin|(> 

fleld. Feb. 20, 1846. Mr. Belknap d. April 27, 1W5. 

'Vhe completion of the meeting-house on the common and the t^tt lenient of 
a minister, after so many years of fruitless effort, not to say contention and 
hard feeling, constituted an e)>oi*h in the religious history of the toirn. and 
the advent of Father Smiley, as he was aften^ards to be called, was anocca;3i<Mi 
of general n»joicing. A large delegation of the i>eople, among them the mo^ 
prominent citizens of the place, met him at the Connecticut river and escorted 
him from the ferry with great ])omp to his new residence a few rods from the 
Eureka schoolhouse, on th(* Wocnlbury farm, Mr>. Smiley riding: on Mr«. 
Whipple's saddle, and the party took dinner at Mr. Jenuison Bamard^s. There 
was one Asahel Draper, who sometimes allowed himself to be overcome by 
the convivial spirit which prevailed on such oivasions in those days, and the 
leaders of this aftair, wishing to preserve order and decorum in the pres^ence 
of the new miuister, gave the said I)nii>er very plainly to understand that his 
room wouhl l)e moi*e agi-eeable than his company. Thereupon Draper deter- 
mined to celebnite the day in his own way and take a sweet revenge on those 
whom he considered no l)etter than himself; and with the help of a fe^- genial 
companions, ])rocun*d a large potash kettle, inverted it, and mounted it 
in some way like a bell, near the route of the i)nK*ession. Taking a hammer 
he crawbHl under it. and as the party went by, he tolled the l)ell as a salute 
in token of his respect and admiration. 

David M. Smith, son of S;inniel and Margaret (Wright) Smith, was h. in 
Hart land, Vt., May 2i», 18()0. His father was of Scotch descent, a soldier in 
the Revolution, and meinlMM- of Washington's body-guai*d. When quite 
young, David learned the shoemaker's trade of his father, the first of seven 
trades in which he l)ecaine a skilled workman. He learned the carpenter's 
tnide in Gilsum. X. 11.. wln're his father had move<l when he was fourteen 
years old. The old l)ank Imikling at Rutland and a church in Clarendon, Vt., 
were the most proniin(>nt buildings erected by him. At the age of nineteen he 
was teaching school in (illsuin. and a few yeai*s after, with Luther Henienwav, 
he began the manufacture of awls on the haft, of which he had gr:inted him. 
Oct. 25. 1832, letters patent signed by Andrew Jackson. 'Hie awl haft manu- 
factured under this patent was nearly, if not quite, identical with the one now 
known as the Aiken awl. In 1840 and 1841 he i*epresented Gilsum in the New 
Hampshire Legislature, and moved to Springfield in the fall of the last named 
year, and commenced business as a machinist, at the same time working at twi> 
other trades, — silversmith and i)later. He was at one time engaged in tlie 
manufacture of a supporter invented by Dr. Eleazer ('rain. April 13, 1849. 
he patented a combination lock that was much used, and of which Hobbs. 
after having picked all the locks brought him in London, said: " // cannnt 
be picked/' His next invention was a combination key lock, which he manu- 
factured in company with Ira and Isaac G. Davis, in a shoj) where that of 
Gihnan <fe Towushend now stands. 



OF SPRINGFIELD, VT. 457 

About this time he patented the first iron lathe-dog ever used, sellinjj: the 
patent for $900, Thei^e dog8 can l)e seen in any niaehin(> piiop. Xext he in- 
vented tiie patent spring elotlies-pin, so long nianut'aetured in Springtield by 
1). M. Smith* Co. 

The spring hook and eye, for tiie manufacture of which the linn of Smith, 
^lason & Co. was formed, was also tlie invention of Mr. Smith, for which 
patent it is said that he refused a very large sum. He invented a blanket hook, 
corn-planter, a i)atent screw head and driver, an ingenious broom-holder, a 
lifting spring for watcli cases, an adding nnichine, improved breach-loading 
tire-arm, a patent joint for carpenters' rules, and other articles during the later 
years of his life, besides perfecting many inventions for others. It should also 
be mentioned that not the least among Mr. Smith's inventions were the ma- 
chines for the manufacture of the same. 

The accumulation of wealth was not a prominent object with him, but he was 
continually adding something to the talent which he possessed. His inventive 
ability was unlhnited, but, as is often the case, others reaped the fruit of his 
genius and industry. 

Mr. Smith was also a spontaneous wit and poet, and the unwritten local his- 
tory of the village abounds with sharp sayings that originated with him. lie 
was a man of large heart and soul, as well as of brain, and will long be remem- 
bered as one of the prominent men of his time. He d. Nov. I, 1881. Jan. 1, 
1831, he m. Lucy B. Ilemenway of Gilsum, X. I!., who d. in Springfield in 
•January, 1847. 

His second wife was Sarah (t. Burr of Spriugflehi. C'h. by 1st. m. : 
I. Rosalie HenuMiwav, b. Feb. 15,183*2; m. 1st, John Burt : 2d, Frederic 
('. Wcl>ster. 
H. Laforest M., b. Oct. 12, 1883; m. July 17, 1850, Frances A. Wales. 

Hi. Desbrow M., b. Sept. 26, 1837; m. Aug. 16, 1858, Klizabeth Riley. 

IV. Flora Marietta, b. Aug. 8, laSl); m. Barney Russell. 
V. Beulah (orinna, b. March 19, 1842; m. June 23, 18(J5, Augustus Trull. 

LsAAC BRKHis Smith, son of Apollos and Sally (Powers) Smith, was b. Oct. 
30, 1814. His father was b. May 4. 1774, and d. May 17, 1814. Briggs, as he 
was familiarly called, was a blacksmith and a good mechanic. He had a shop 
on the hill below the lower bridge. For a numlK*r of years he manufactured 
the Smith & Burr patent harn(»ss hame. He was als(» somewhat noted as a 
nuisieiau, and in his younger days taught singing school and was <*horister in 
diff*erent churclu's. In the band he playe<l the tenor drum, and many a June 
training and brigade muster was enliven(»d by his nmsic. He was a member of 
the Universalist church. He d. May 15, 1875. He m. March 27, 1844, Adelaide 
E. Willard, daughter of Joseph and Martha (Mason) Willard. (1i. : 

I. Mary A., b. Feb. 2L 1845; m. March 30, 1868, Carlos McXab; res. in 
S<Hialia, Mo. Ch. : 
1. Harr>' B., b. July 22, 1871. 
II. Kuth Ann, 1). Oct. 22, 1846; d. Oct. 7, 1851. 

HI. Martha J., b. April 2:^, 1849; m. Dec. 30. Isr.O, John H. Doxey. She 
d. April 15, 1885. Ch.: 

1. Adaliiu' L., b. Oct. 27, 1879. 

2. Ruth Ann, b. Mav 24, 1883. 



HISTORY OF THE TOWK 



IV. Allfii B.. >i. Muroh i». lFt51: in. .lauv 24, 1874, Alice H. CarpcBtcr. 
Ml.: 
1. M.il»-1. Ii. Voh. J(<, 1876. 
V. Joliii II.. Ii. \iiv. 2. I»53: iii. May 10, 1873, Sbittte L. Brown, daugfawr 
of Cliiirli's II. iuid J.ytlia.V. Browu. Hi.: 
1. KiT'i !>.. I.. .1:111.4. 1878. 
VI. M'illiiim A.. I.. Sept. ;t, 18.'S7; 111. -liine 15, 1886. Susie L. Fairbanks. He 

il. II.-1-. -24. im-i. 
VII. Fii'd-li.' IS., b. Juiii- I:i. ISHI : .1. Msirch 3. 1863. 

MlLE$ SXITU, BOD of 

KJmhall and Augelia ((.'oid- 
inin£:>) Smith, wae b. in 
rniiy. X. 11.. .V|>ril a*. I82e. 
|[f I'liiiie to S|iriii^e)d in 
M.-iirh. 18Sa. as i>vers«^r in 
Oil' <'i>iroii iHiU of Fullenon 
Jt Martin. Iiuving