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Full text of "The Holy Bible containing the Old and New Testaments"

THE HOLY BIBLE 



THE 

HOLY BIBLE 



CONTAINING THE 



OLD and NEW TESTAMENTS 



AN 'IMPROVED EDITION 

(BASED IN PART ON THE BIBLE UNION VERSION) 




\? 



PHILADELPHIA 

AMERICAN BAPTIST PUBLICATION SOCIETY 

1 701-1703 Chestnut Street 

J 9i3 



#/ei 



Y..IOH 



PREFATORY NOTE 



In 1883, at the Saratoga Convention, the Bible work of the denomination 
at home was committed to the American Baptist Publication Society. With 
it was coupled the duty of continuing the versions of the Bible Union. At 
a later conference it was determined that the revision of the Old Testament 
should be completed as funds should be furnished for this work. 

In the course of time sufficient means had accumulated, and in 1889 the 
work was assigned as follows: To Prof. Barnard C. Taylor, D. D. ^f Crozer 
Theological Seminary, was given the revision of Prof. T. J. Conant's Bible 
Union version of Genesis, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, I. and II. Samuel, I. and II. 
Kings, Job, Psalms, and Proverbs, and also the translation of Exodus, 
Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy; to Prof. J. R. Sampey, D. D., of the 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, was assigned the translation of 
I. and II. Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, 
and Lamentations. Prof. William R. Harper, of the University of Chicago, 
undertook the translation of Isaiah and the minor prophets, while Prof. 
Ira M. Price, Ph. D., of the same institution, assumed the task of translating 
Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Daniel. In making these assignments it was under- 
stood that each writer should be responsible for his own work and follow 
his own plan. In this connection the publishers acknowledge the services of 
Prof. J. M. P. Smith, of the University of Chicago, in reading and revising 
the proof of Doctor Harper's portion. 

When the work of translation was sufficiently advanced, that of composi- 
tion began. Progress was slow, however, and this part of the undertaking 
was not completed until the year 1910, when, to the great gratification of 
the Society, the task assigned by the Saratoga Convention in 1883 was ended 
in so far as production is concerned. 

There are one or two features of this revision to which we call special 
attention. As is well known, in the Authorized and Revised versions, sup- 
plied words are printed in italics. For the most part in this work such 
words are reduced to a minimum, and where they do occur, they are enclosed 
in brackets [ ] so that the pages are not defaced by italicized words. In 
addition, while in Job, Psalms, and Proverbs in the standard revisions the 
poetic form of the Hebrew is recognized, in the prophets it is disregarded. 
In this revision, in the prophets likewise, this form is employed, and their 
deliverances will be found to have gained thereby in clearness and force. 

As a translation is not a commentary, few notes are found in this version. 
Those that do appear pertain mainly to the text itself and are not expository. 

While from the nature of the case there could not be the difference be- 
tween this revision and the Authorized and Revised versions of the 
Scriptures that obtains between these and the Improved Edition of the New 
Testament, it is believed that the difference is sufficient to justify its pro- 
duction, and commend it to public favor. The Society cannot refrain from 
congratulating the denomination on the completion of this great work, and 
it cherishes the hope that it may aid in making current that Word whose 
entrance to the heart and life always gives light. 

Philadelphia, May, ioia. _ TT _ . 

3 y Printed in U. S. A. 



THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT 
IN THEIR ORDER 







Chapters 

Genesis 50 

Exodus 4° 

Leviticus 27 

Numbers 36 

Deuteronomy 34 

Joshua 24 

Judges 21 

Ruth 4 

I. Samuel 31 

I I. Samuel 24 

I.Kings 22 

IT. Kings 25 

I. Chronicles 29 

II. Chronicles 36 

Ezra 10 

N'ehemiah 13 

K.STIIER 10 

- ,01{ 42 

Bm*ms 150 

Proverbs 31 






ClIAl'TEKS 

Ecclesiastes 12 

The Song of Songs 8 

Isaiah 66 

Jeremiah 52 

Lamentations 5 

Ezekiel 48 

Daniel 12 

TT 

HOSEA 14 

Joel 3 

Amos 9 

Obadiah 1 

Jonah , 4 

MlCAH 7 

Nahum 3 

H ABAKKUK 3 

ZephaniaH 3 

Haggai 2 

Zechariau 14 

Malachi 4 







































GENESIS 



CHAPTER I 

1 Tn the beginning God created the 
heavens and the earth. 2 Now the 
earth was waste and empty; and 
darkness was over the face of the 



and tree producing fruit, in which is 
its seed, after its kind ; and God saw 
that it was good. "And there was 
evening, and there was morning, a 
third day. 

u And God said, Let there be lights 



abyss ; and the spirit of God was in the expanse of the heavens, to di- 
brooding over the face of the waters, vide between the day and the night j 
'And God said, Let there be light ; and let them be for signs and for sea- 
and there was light. 4 And God saw sons, and for days and years \ 15 and 
the light, that it was good. And God let them be for lights in the expanse 
divided between the light and the j of the heavens, to give light on the 
darkness. 5 And God called the light ! earth ; and it was so. 16 And God 
Day, and the darkness he called Night. | made the two great lights ; the greater 
And there was evening, and there was ! light for dominion over the day, and 
morning, one day. the lesser light for dominion over the 



6 And God said, Let there be an 
expanse in the midst of the waters ; 
and let it divide waters from waters. 



night ; and the stars. 17 And God set 
them in the expanse of the heavens, 
to give light on the earth ; 18 and to 



7 And God made the expanse, and rule over the day and over the night, 

divided the waters that are under the and to divide between the light and 

expanse from the waters that are the darkness ; and God saw that it 

above the expanse ; and it was so. was good. 19 And there was evening, 



8 And God called the expanse Heav- 
ens. And there was evening, and 
there was morning, a second day. 

•And God said, Let the waters 
under the heavens gather themselves 
to one place, and let the dry land ap- 
pear ; and it was so. 10 And God called 



and there was morning, a fourth day. 
20 And God said, Let the waters 
swarm with swarms of living beings ; 
and let birds fly above the earth, along 
the expanse of the heavens. 21 And 
God created the great sea-monsters, 
and every living being that moves, 



the dry land Earth, and the gathering with which the waters swarm, after 
together of the waters he called Seas ; i their kind, and every winged bird 
and God saw that it was good. n And after its kind; and God saw that it 
God said, Let the earth put forth j was good. "And God blessed them, 



shoots, herb setting seed, fruit-tree 
bearing fruit, in which is its seed, after 
its kind, upon the earth ; and it was 
so. 12 And the earth brought forth 



saying, Be fruitful and multiply, and 
fill the waters in the seas ; and let 
birds multiply on the earth. "And 
there was evening, and there was 



shoots, herb setting seed after its kind, morning, a fifth day. 



7 



GENESIS II 



24 And God said, Let the earth bring 
forth the living being after its kind : 
cattle, and reptile, and beast of the 
earth, after its kind; and it was so. 
a5 And God made the beast of the 
earth after its kind, and cattle after 
their kind, and every reptile of the 
ground after its kind ; and God saw 
that it was good. 

26 And God said, We will make man 
in our image, after our likeness ; and 
they shall rule over the fish of the sea, 
and over the birds of the heavens, and 
over the cattle, and over all the earth, 
and over every reptile that creeps on 
the earth. "And God created the 
man in his image ; in the image of 
God created he him ; a male and a 
female created he them. 28 And God 
blessed them ; and God said to them, 
Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the 
earth, and subdue it j and rule over 
the fish of the sea, and over the 
birds of the heavens, and over every 
living thing that moves on the earth. 
29 And God said, Behold, I have given 
to you every herb scattering seed, 
which is on the face of all the earth, 
and every tree, in which is the fruit 
of a tree, scattering seed, to you shall 
it be for food ; 30 and to every beast of 
the earth, and to every bird of the 
heavens, and to every thing that 
creeps on the earth, wherein is a 
spirit of life, all green herbage for 
food ; and it was so. 31 And God saw 
all that he had made, and behold, 
it was very good. And there was 
evening, and there was morning, the 
sixth day. 

CHAPTER II 

1 And so were finished the heavens 
and the earth, and all their host. 
• And on the seventh day God ended 
his work which he made ; and he 
rested on the seventh day from all 
his work which he made. s And God 



blessed the seventh day, and hallowed 
it, because on it he rested from all his 
work, which God created in making. 

* These are the generations of the 
heavens and the earth, when they 
were created, in the day that Jehovah 
God made earth and heavens. 

5 Now there was yet no plant of the 
field in the earth, and no herb of the 
field had yet sprung up ; for Jehovah 
God had not yet caused it to rain 
upon the earth, and there was no 
man to till the ground. 6 And there 
went up mist from the earth, and 
watered all the face of the ground. 
7 And Jehovah God formed the man of 
dust of the ground ; and he breathed 
into his nostrils the breath of life, 
and the man became a living soul. 

8 And Jehovah God planted a gar- 
den in Eden, on the east ; and there 
he put the man whom he formed. 
9 And Jehovah God caused to spring 
up out of the ground every tree that 
is pleasant to the sight, and good for 
food, and the tree of life in the midst 
of the garden, and the tree of knowl- 
edge of good and evil. 10 And a 
stream went forth from Eden to water 
the garden ; and thence it parted 
itself, and became four heads. H The 
name of the first is Pishon. This is 
that which traverses the whole land of 
Havilah, where there is gold. 12 And 
the gold of that land is good. There 
is bdellium and the onyx stone. 13 And 
the name of the second river is Gihon. 
This is that which traverses the whole 
land of Gush. w And the name of the 
third river is Tigris. This is that which 
goes on the east of Assyria. And the 
fourth river, that is Euphrates. 

15 And Jehovah God took the man, 
and put him in the garden of Eden, 
to till it, and to keep it. I6 And Je- 
hovah God commanded the man, say- 
ing, Of every tree of the garden thou 
mayest freely eat ; n but of the tree 



GENESIS III 



of knowledge of good and evil, thou 
shalt not eat • for in the day that thou 
eatest thereof thou shalt surely die. 

18 And Jehovah God said, It is not 
good that the man should be alone. 
I will make for him a helper suited to 
him. 19 And Jehovah God formed out 
of the ground every beast of the field 
and every bird of the heavens. And 
he brought them to the man to see 
what he would call them ; and what- 
ever the man should call every living 
being, that should be its name. 20 And 
the man gave names to all cattle, and 
to the birds of the heavens, and to 
every beast of the field ; but for man 
he found not a helper suited to him. 
21 And Jehovah God caused a deep 
sleep to fall upon the man, and he 
slept ; and he took one of his ribs, 
and closed up the flesh in its place. 
22 And of the rib which he took from 
the man Jehovah God formed a wo- 
man, and brought her to the man. 
28 And the man said, This now is bone 
of my bones, and flesh of my flesh. 
This shall be called Woman, because 
from man was she taken. ^There- 
fore shall a man leave his father and 
his mother, and cleave to his wife ; 
and they shall be one flesh. 25 And 
they were both naked, the man and 
his wife, and were not ashamed. 

CHAPTER III 

1 Now the serpent was more crafty 
than any beast of the field that Je- 
hovah God made. And he said to 
the woman. Is it even so, that God 
has said, Ye shall not eat of any tree 
of the garden ? 2 And the woman said 
to the serpent, Of the fruit of the 
trees of the garden we may eat. 3 But 
of the fruit of the tree that is in the 
midst of the garden, God has said, 
Ye shall not eat of it, and ye shall 
not touch it, lest ye die. 4 And the 
serpent said to the woman, Ye shall 



not surely die. 5 For God knows that 
in the day ye eat thereof your eyes will 
be opened, and ye will be as God, 
'knowing good and evil. 6 And the 
j woman saw that the tree was good for 
i food, and that it was a delight to the 
j eyes, and that the tree was to be de- 
sired to make one wise ; and she took 
of its fruit and ate, and gave also to 
her husband with her, and he ate. 
7 And the eyes of both of them were 
opened, and they knew that they were 
naked. And they sewed fig-leaves to- 
gether, and made themselves aprons. 

8 And they heard the sound of Je- 
I hovah God walking in the garden at 
I the breeze of the day. And the man 
! and his wife hid themselves from the 
' presence of Jehovah God in the midst 
of the trees of the garden. 9 And Je- 
! hovah God called to the man, and 
said to him, Where art thou ? 10 And 
he said, I heard thy sound in the 
garden, and was afraid because I was 
naked, and hid myself. "And he 
said, Who showed thee that thou wast 
naked ? Hast thou eaten of the tree 
of which I commanded thee not to 
eat? 12 And the man said, The wo- 
man whom thou gavest to be with 
me, she gave me of the tree, and I 
ate. 13 And Jehovah God said to the 
woman, What is this that thou hast 
done ? And the woman said, The 
i serpent beguiled me, and I ate. 

14 And Jehovah God said to the 
serpent, Because thou hast done this, 
cursed art thou of all cattle and of 
every beast of the field ; on thy belly 
shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat 
all the days of thy life. 15 And I will 
put enmity between thee and the wo- 
man, and between thy seed and her 
seed ; he shall bruise thee on the 
head, and thou shalt bruise him on 
the heel. 

16 To the woman he said, I will 
| greatly multiply the pains of thy preg- 



GKNKS1S IV 



nancy ; in pain shalt thou bring forth 
children ; and to thy husband shall 
be thy desire, and he shall rule over 
thee. 

17 And to the man he said, Because 
thou didst hearken to the voice of thy 
wife, and didst eat of the tree of Avhich 
I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt 
not eat of it ; cursed is the ground for 
thy sake. In sorrow shalt thou eat of 
it all the days of thy life. 18 And 
thorns and thistles shall it cause to 
spring up to thee ; and thou shalt eat 
the herb of the field. 19 By the sweat 
of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till 
thou return to the ground ; for out 
of it wast thou taken ; for dust thou 
art, and to dust shalt thou return. 

20 And the man called the name of 
his wife Eve, because she was the 
mother of all living. 21 And Jehovah 
God made for the man and for his 
wife garments of skin, and clothed 
them. 

"And Jehovah God said, Behold, 
the man has become as one of us, to 
know good and evil. And now, lest 
he stretch forth his hand, and take 
also of the tree of life, and eat, and 
live forever ; 23 therefore Jehovah God 
sent him forth from the garden of 
Eden, to till the ground whence he 
was taken. u And he drove out the 
man ; and he stationed on the east of 
the garden of Eden the cherubim and 
the flaming sword, which turned every 
way, to keep the way to the tree of 
life. 

CHAPTER IV 

1 And the man knew Eve his wife ; 
and she conceived, and bore Cain ; 
and she said, I have gotten a man 
with Jehovah, f And again she bore 
his brother, Abel. And Abel was a 
keeper of flocks ; and Cain was a til- 
ler of the ground. s And it came to 
pass after a time that Cain brought of 



the fruit of the ground an offering to 
Jehovah. 4 And Abel, he also brought 
of the firstlings of his flock and of 
their fat. And Jehovah regarded Abel 
and his offering ; 5 but Cain and his 
offering he did not regard. And 
Cain was angry exceedingly, and his 
countenance fell. 6 And Jehovah said 
to Cain, Why art thou angry? And 
why is thy countenance fallen ? 7 Is 
there not, if thou doest well, a lifting 
up? And if thou doest not well, sin 
is crouching at the door ; and toward 
thee is his desire ; and thou shouldst 
rule over him. 

8 And Cain told it to Abel his 
brother. And it came to pass, when 
they were in the field, that Cain rose 
up against Abel his brother, and slew 
him. 9 And Jehovah said to Cain, 
Where is thy brother? And he said, 

I know not. Am 1 my brother's 
keeper? 10 And he said, What hast 
thou done? The voice of thy broth- 
er's blood cries to me from the ground. 

II And now, cursed art thou from the 
ground, which opened her mouth to 
receive thy brother's blood from thy 
hand. 12 When thou tillest the ground 
it shall no more yield to thee its 
strength. A fugitive and a wanderer 
shalt thou be in the earth. 13 And 
Cain said to Jehovah, My iniquity is 
greater than can be borne. u Behold, 
thou hast driven me out this day from 
the face of the ground, and from thy 
face must I hide myself; and I shall 
be a fugitive and a wanderer in the 
earth • and it will come to pass, that 
any one that finds me will slay me. 
]5 And Jehovah said to him, There- 
fore, whoever slays Cain, it shall be 
avenged sevenfold. And Jehovah set 
a sign for Cain, that no one finding 
him should smite him. 

16 And Cain went out from the pres- 
ence of Jehovah, and dwelt in the land 
of Nod, on the east of Eden. n And 



GENESIS V 



Cain knew his wife ; and she con- 
ceived, and bore Enoch. And he was 
building a city ; and he called the 
city after the name of his son, Enoch. j 
18 And to Enoch was born Irad. And 
Irad begot Mehujael ; and Mehujael 
begot Methusael ; and Methusael be- 
got Lamech. lfl And Lamech took to 
himself two wives. The name of the 
one was Adah, and the name of the 
second was Zillah. a0 And Adah bore 
Jabal. He was father of those who 
dwell in tents and with cattle. n And 
his brother's name was Jubal. He 
was father of all that handle the harp 
and the flute. "And Zillah, she also 
bore Tubal-Cain, a maker of every 
cutting instrument of bronze and 
iron. And the sister of Tubal-Cain 
was Naamah. 28 And Lamech said to 
his wives, 

Adah and Zillah, hear my voice ; 

Wives of Lamech, give ear to my 
word. 

For I have slain a man for my 
wound, 

And a young man for my hurt. 

24 For sevenfold should Cain be 
avenged; 

And Lamech seventy and seven. 
"And Adam knew his wife again. 
And she bore a son, and called his 
name Seth ; For God lias appointed 
me another seed in place of Abel, 
whom Cain slew. "And to Seth, to 
him also was born a son ; and he 
called In's name Enos. Then began 
men to call on the name of Jehovah. 

CHAPTER V 

1 This is the book of the generations 
of Adam. In the day that God cre- 
ated man, in the likeness of God made 
he him ; 2 a male and a female created 
he them ; and he blessed them, and 
called their name Man, in the day 
when they were created. 

3 And Adam lived a hundred and 



thirty years, and begot a son in his 
likeness, after his image, and called 
his name Seth. 4 And the days of 
Adam after he begot Seth were eight 
hundred years ; and he begot sons 
and daughters. 6 And all the days 
that Adam lived were nine hundred 
and thirty years ; and he died. 

6 And Seth lived a hundred and five 
years, and begot Enos. 7 And Seth 
lived after he begot Enos eight hun- 
dred and seven years, and begot sons 
and daughters. 8 And all the days of 
Seth were nine hundred and twelve 
years ; and he died. 

9 And Enos lived ninety years, and 
begot Cainan. 10 And Enos lived after 
he begot Cainan eight hundred and 
fifteen years, and begot sons and 
daughters. n And all the days of 
Enos were nine hundred and five 
years ; and he died. 

12 And Cainan lived seventy years, 
and begot Mahalaleel. "And Cai- 
nan lived after he begot Mahalaleel 
eight hundred and forty years, and 
begot sons and daughters. u And all 
the days of Cainan were nine hun- 
dred and ten years ; and he died. 

15 And Mahalaleel lived sixty-five 
years, and begot Jared. 16 And Ma- 
halaleel lived after he begot Jared 
eight hundred and thirty years, and 
begot sons and daughters. n And all 
the days of Mahalaleel were eight 
hundred and ninety-five years ; and 
he died. 

18 And Jared lived a hundred and 
sixty-two years, and begot Enoch. 
19 And Jared lived after he begot 
Enoch eight hundred years, and be- 
got sons and daughters. 20 And all 
the days of Jared were nine hundred 
and sixty-two years ) and he died. 

21 And Enoch lived sixty-five years, 
and begot Methuselah. 22 And Enoch 
walked with God after he begot Me- 
thuselah three hundred years, and be- 



GENESIS VI 



got sons and daughters. 23 And all 
the days of Enoch were three hun- 
dred and sixty-five years. 2 *And 
Enoch walked with God ; and he was 
not, for God took him. 

25 And Methuselah lived a hundred 
and eighty-seven years, and begot La- 
ntech. 26 And Methuselah lived after 
he begot Lamech seven hundred and 
eighty-two years, and begot sons and 
daughters. 27 And all the days of 
Methuselah were nine hundred and 
sixty- nine years ; and he died. 

w And Lamech lived a hundred and 
eighty-two years, and begot a son. 
29 And he called his name Noah, 
saying, 

This one will comfort us, 

From our labor, 

And from the toil of our hands, 

From the ground, 

Which Jehovah cursed. 
80 And Lamech lived after he begot 
Noah five hundred and ninety-five 
years, and begot sons and daughters. 
"And all the days of Lamech were 
seven hundred and seventy-seven 
years ; and he died. 

82 And Noah was five hundred years 
old. And Noah begot Shem, Ham, 
and Japheth. 

CHAPTER VI 

1 And it came to pass, that men be- 
gan to be numerous on the face of the 
ground, and daughters were born to 
them. 2 And the sons of God saw 
the daughters of men, that they were 
fair ; and they took for themselves 
wives of all whom they chose. 3 And 
Jehovah said, My spirit shall not for- 
ever strive with man in their erring. 
He is flesh ; and his days shall be a 
hundred and twenty years. 'The 
men of violence were in the earth in 
those days. And also after the sons 
<»f Cod came in to the daughters of 
men, they bore children to them. 



These were the mighty men who were 
of old, the men of renown. 

5 And Jehovah saw that the evil of 
man was great in the earth ; and every 
device of the thoughts of his heart was 
only evil all the day. 6 And Jehovah 
repented that he made man on the 
earth, and he was grieved at his heart. 
T And Jehovah said, I will wipe off 
man, whom I created, from the face 
of the ground ; from man to cattle, 
to reptile, and to the birds of the 
heavens ; for I repent that I made 
them. 8 But Noah found favor in 
the eyes of Jehovah. 

9 These are the generations of Noah. 
Noah was a just man ; perfect was he 
in his generations ; Noah walked with 
God. 10 And Noah begot three sons : 
Shem, Ham, and Japheth. u And the 
earth was corrupt before God ; and 
the earth was filled with violence. 

12 And God saw the earth, and be- 
hold, it was corrupted ; for all flesh 
had corrupted its way on the earth. 

13 And God said to Noah, The end of 
all flesh is come before me ; for the 
earth is filled with violence through 
them ; and behold, I will destroy 
them with the earth. u Make thee 
an ark of cypress wood. With rooms 
shalt thou make the ark, and shalt 
pitch it within and without with pitch. 
16 And this is how thou shalt make 
it : three hundred cubits shall be 
the length of the ark, fifty cubits its 
breadth, and thirty cubits its height. 
16 A light shalt thou make for the ark j 
and to a cubit shalt thou finish it 
above ; and the door of the ark shalt 
thou set in the side thereof; with 
lower, second, and third stories shalt 
thou make it. 17 And I, behold, 1 
bring the flood of waters upon the 
earth to destroy all flesh wherein is 
the breath of life from under the 
heavens. All that is in the earth 
shall expire. 18 But I will establish 



GENESIS VII 



my covenant with thee ; and thou shalt 
come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, 
and thy wife, and the wives of thy 
sons, with thee. ,9 And of all the liv- 
ing of all flesh, two of all shalt thou 
bring into the ark to keep alive with 
thee ; a male and a female shall they 
be. 20 Of the birds after their kind, 
and of cattle after their kind, and of 
every reptile of the ground after its 
kind, two of all shall come to thee, 
to keep them alive. 2l And do thou 
take to thee of all food that may be 
eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; 
and it shall be to thee and to them for 
food. 22 And Noah did it. Accord- 
ing to all that God commanded him, 
so did he. 

CHAPTER VII 

1 And Jehovah said to Noah, Come 
thou, and all thy house into the ark ; 
for thee have I seen righteous before 
me in this generation. 2 Of all clean j 
cattle thou shalt take to thee seven of j 
each, a male and his mate ; and of | 
cattle that are not clean two, a male 
and his mate; 3 also of the birds of 
the heavens seven of each, male and 
female ; to keep seed alive on the 
face of all the earth. * For yet seven 
days, and I will cause it to rain upon 
the earth forty days and forty nights ; 
and every being that I made will I 
wipe off from the face of the ground. 
5 And Noah did according to all that 
Jehovah commanded him. 

•And Noah was six hundred years 
old when the flood of waters was upon 
the earth. 7 And Noah went in, and 
his sons, and his wife, and the wives 
of his sons, with him, into the ark, be- 
cause of the waters of the flood. 8 Of 
the clean cattle, and of cattle that are 
not clean, and of the birds, and all 
that moves upon the ground, 9 there 
went in two of each to Noah into the 
ark, a male and a female, as God com- 



manded Noah. 10 And it came to 
pass, after the seven days, that the 
waters of the flood were upon the 
earth. n In the six hundredth year 
of Noah's life, in the second month, 
on the seventeenth day of the month, 
on that day were all the fountains of 
the great abyss broken up, and the 
windows of the heavens were opened. 
12 And the heavy rain was upon the 
earth forty days and forty nights. 
13 On the selfsame day entered Noah, 
and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, 
sons of Noah, and the wife of Noah, 
and the three wives of his sons with 
them, into the ark ; M they, and every 
living thing after its kind, and all the 
cattle after their kind, and every rep- 
tile that creeps on the earth after its 
kind, and every bird after its kind, 
every bird of every sort. 15 And they 
went in to Noah into the ark, two of 
each, of all flesh wherein is the breath 
of life. 16 And they that went in, went 
in a male and a female of all flesh, as 
God commanded him. And Jehovah 
closed up after him. 

17 And the flood was forty days upon 
the earth ; and the waters increased, 
and bore up the ark, and it rose up 
from the earth. ,8 And the waters pre- 
vailed, and increased mightily upon 
the earth ; and the ark went upon the 
face of the waters. 19 And the waters 
prevailed mightily, mightily, upon the 
earth, and all the high mountains that 
are under the whole heavens were 
covered. 20 Fifteen cubits upward did 
the waters prevail, and the mountains 
were covered. 21 And all flesh ex- 
pired that moved upon the earth, of 
bird, and of cattle, and of beast, and 
of every creeping thing that creeps 
upon the earth, and every man. 22 All 
in whose nostrils was the breath of the 
spirit of life, of all that was on the dry 
land, died. 2S And every being was 
wiped off that was upon the face of 



J 3 



GENESIS VIII 



the ground, from man to cattle, to 
reptile, and to the birds of the heav- 
ens ; and they were wiped off from 
the earth, and there remained only 
Noah and they that were with him in 
the ark. f* And the waters prevailed 
upon the earth a hundred and fifty 
days. 

CHAPTER VIII 

1 And God remembered Noah, and 
every living thing, and all the cattle 
that were with him in the ark ; and 
God caused a wind to pass over the 
earth, and the waters subsided, f And 
the fountains of the abyss and the 
windows of the heavens were closed, 
and the heavy rain from the heavens 
was restrained, 3 and the waters re- 
turned from off the earth continually. 
And the waters abated from the end 
of a hundred and fifty days. 4 And 
the ark rested in the seventh month, 
on the seventeenth day of the month, i 
on the mountains of Ararat. 5 And 
the waters were abating continually J 
until the tenth month. In the tenth, 
on the first of the month, were the 
tops of the mountains seen. 

6 And it came to pass at the end of 
forty days, that Noah opened the win- 
dow of the ark which he made. 7 And 
he sent forth the raven ; and it went 
forth, going forth and returning, until 
the drying up of the waters from off 
the earth. 8 And he sent forth the 
dove from him, to see if the waters 
were lightened from off the face of 
the ground. 9 And the dove found 
BBt a resting-place for the sole of her 

and she returned to him into the 
.irk ; for the waters were on the face 
of mII the earth. And he put forth 
his hand, and fcoofc her, and brought; 
her in to him into the ark. ,0 And he 

'1 yet another seven days; and 
h<- sent forth the dove from the | 
ark. " And the dove came in to him 



at evening; and lo, in her mouth 
an olive-leaf plucked off ! And Noah 
knew that the waters were lightened 
from off the earth. 12 And he waited 
yet another seven days, and sent forth 
the dove ; and she returned to him 
no more. 

13 And it came to pass in the six 
hundred and first year, in the first 
month, on the first of the month, 
that the waters were dried up from 
off the earth. And Noah removed 
the covering of the ark, and saw, and 
behold, the face of the ground was dry. 
14 And in the second month, on the 
seven and twentieth day of the month, 
was the earth dried. 

15 And God spoke to Noah, saying, 
16 Go forth from the ark, thou, and 
thy wife, and thy sons, and the wives 
of thy sons, with thee. "Every liv- 
ing thing that is with thee, of all flesh, 
of bird, and of cattle, and of every 
reptile that creeps on the earth, bring 
forth with thee, that they may breed 
abundantly in the earth, and be fruit- 
ful, and multiply on the earth. 18 And 
Noah went forth, and his sons, and his 
wife, and the wives of his sons, with 
him. 19 Every living thing, every rep- 
tile, every bird, all that moves on the 
earth, after their families, went forth 
from the ark. 

20 And Noah built an altar to Jeho- 
vah. And he took of all clean cattle, 
and of every clean bird, and offered 
burnt offerings on the altar. 21 And 
Jehovah smelled the sweet odor. And 
Jehovah said in his heart, I will not 
again curse the ground on account of 
man, for the device of the heart of 
man is evil from his youth ; and I will 
not again smite every living thing, as 
I have done. M During all the days 
of the earth, sowing and reaping, and 
cold and heat, and summer and 
winter, and day and night, shall not 
cease. 



W 



GENESIS IX 



CHAPTER IX 



1 And God blessed Noah and his 
sons ; and he said to them, Be fruit- 
ful, and multiply, and fill the earth. 
2 And the fear of you, and the dread j 
of you, shall be upon every beast of 
the earth, and upon every bird ofj 
the heavens, upon all with which the 
ground teems, and upon all the fishes 
of the sea ; into your hand are they 
given. 3 Every moving thing that 
lives shall be for you for food j as 
the green herb have I given you all. 
1 But flesh with its life, its blood, ye 
shall not eat. 

6 But also your blood of your lives 
will I require ; at the hand of every 
beast will I require it, and at the 
hand of man ; at the hand of each 
one's brother will I require the life of 
man. 6 He that sheds the blood of 
man, by man shall his blood be shed ; 
for in the image of God made he man. 
7 And you, be ye fruitful, and multi- 
ply; and bring forth abundantly in 
the earth, and multiply therein. 

"And God spoke to Noah, and to 
his sons with him, saying, 9 And I, be- 
hold, I establish my covenant with 
you, and with your seed after you ; 
10 and with every living being that is 
with you, of the bird, of the cattle, 
and of every beast of the earth with 
you ; of all that go forth from the ark, 
of every beast of the earth. u And I 
will establish my covenant with you, 
and all flesh shall not again be cut off 
by the waters of a flood, and there 
shall not again be a flood to destroy 
the earth. 12 And God said, This is 
the sign of the covenant which I make 
between me and you and every living 
being that is with you, for perpetual 
generations. 13 My bow I set in the 
cloud, and it shall be for a covenant- 
sign between me and the earth. u And 
it shall come to pass, when I bring a 



cloud over the earth, and the bow 
shall be seen in the cloud, 16 that 1 
will remember my covenant, which is 
between me and you and every living 
being of all flesh ; and the waters shall 
no more become a flood to destroy all 
flesh. 1S And the bow shall be in the 
cloud, and I will see it, to remember 
the perpetual covenant between God 
and every living being of all flesh that 
is on the earth. " And God said to 
Noah, This is the sign of the covenant 
which I establish between me and all 
flesh that is on the earth. 

18 And the sons of Noah, who went 
forth from the ark, were Shem, and 
Ham, and japheth. And Ham was 
the father of Canaan. 19 These were 
the three sons of Noah j and from 
these was the whole earth overspread. 
20 And Noah, the husbandman, be- 
gan and planted a vineyard. 21 And he 
drank of the wine, and was drunken \ 
and he uncovered himself within his 
tent. 22 And Ham, the father of Ca- 
naan, saw the nakedness of his father, 
and told it to his two brothers with- 
out. 2S And Shem and Japheth took 
the mantle, and laid it on the shoul- 
ders of them both, and went backward, 
and covered the nakedness of their 
father ; and their faces were back- 
ward, and the nakedness of their 
father they did not see. "And Noah 
awoke from his wine ; and he knew 
what his younger son did to him 
25 And he said, 

Cursed be Canaan j 

A servant of servants shall he be 
to his brethren. 
26 And he said, 

Blessed be Jehovah, God of Shem, 

And let Canaan be servant to him. 

27 God give enlargement to Ja- 
pheth, 

And he will dwell in the tents of 
Shem, 

And let Canaan be servant to him, 



GENESIS X, XI 



"And Noah lived after the flood 
three hundred and fifty years. 29 And 
all the days of Noah were nine hun- 
dred and fifty years ; and he died. 

CHAPTER X 

l And these are the generations of 
the sons of Noah. Shem, Ham, and 
Japheth ; and to them were born 
sons after the flood. 2 The sons of 
Japheth : Gomer, and Magog, and 
Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and 
Meshech, and Tiras. 3 And the sons 
of Gomer : Ashkenaz, and Riphath, 
and Togarmah. *And the sons of 
Javan : Elisha, and Tarshish, Kittim, 
and Dodanim. 5 From these were 
overspread the coasts of the Gentiles, 
in their lands, each according to his 
tongue, according to their families, in 
their nations. 

6 And the sons of Ham : Cush, and 
Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan. 
7 And the sons of Cush : Seba, and 
Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, 
and Sabtechah. And the sons of Ra- 
amah : Sheba and Dedan. 

8 And Cush begot Nimrod. He be- 
gan to be a mighty one in the earth. 
* He was a mighty hunter before Je- 
hovah. Wherefore it is said, As Nim- 
rod, a mighty hunter before Jehovah. 
10 And the beginning of his kingdom 
was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, 
and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. 
" From that land he went forth to 
ria, and built Nineveh, and Re- 
hoboth-Ir, and Calah, 12 and Resen 
between Nineveh and Calah ; that is 
the great city. 

"And Mi/raim begot the Ludim, 
x\u\ the Anainim, and the Lehabim, 
and the Naphtuhim, M and the Pathru- 
and the Casluhim (whence came 
forth the Philistim), and the Caph- 
torim. 

tad ( '.maan begot Zidon his first- 
born, and Heth, ,8 and the Jebusite, 



and the Amorite, and the Girgashite, 
17 and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and 
the Sinite, l8 and the Arvadite, and 
the Zemarite, and the Hamathite ; 
and afterward were the families of the 
Canaanites spread abroad. 19 And the 
border of the Canaanites was from 
Zidon, as thou goest to Gerar, to 
Gaza, as thou goest to Sodom and 
Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboim, 
to Lasha. 20 These are the sons of 
Ham, according to their families, ac- 
cording to their tongues, in their 
lands, in their nations. 

21 And to Shem, father of all the 
sons of Eber, eldest brother of Ja- 
pheth, to him also were children born. 
22 The sons of Shem : Elam, and As- 
shur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and 
Aram. 23 And the sons of Aram : 
Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash. 
"And Arphaxad begot Shalah ; and 
Shalah begot Eber. 25 And to Eber 
were born two sons. The name of 
one was Peleg, for in his days the 
land was divided ; and the name of 
his brother was Joktan. 26 And Jok- 
tan begot Almodad, and Sheleph, 
and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, 27 and 
Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, 

28 and Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, 

29 and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. 
All these were sons of Joktan. M And 
their dwelling was from Mesha, as 
thou goest to Sephar, a mountain of 
the East. 81 These are the sons of 
Shem, according to their families, ac- 
cording to their tongues, in their 
lands, according to their nations. 

32 These are the families of the sons 
of Noah, according to their genera- 
tions, in their nations. And from 
these were the nations spread abroad 
in the earth, after the flood. 

CHAPTER XI 

*And the whole earth was of one 
speech and of one language. 2 And 



,t> 



GENESIS Xll 



it came to pass as they journeyed 
eastward, that they found a plain in 
the land of Shinar ; and they dwelt 
there. s And they said one to an- 
other, Come, let us make bricks, and 
burn them thoroughly. And they had 
brick for stone, and bitumen had they 
for mortar. *And they said, Come, 
let us build us a city, and a tower, and 
let its top be in the heavens ; and let us 
make us a name, lest we be scattered 
abroad on the face of the whole earth. 
5 And Jehovah came down to see the 
city and the tower, which the sons 
of men were building. 6 And Jehovah 
said, Behold, there is one people, and 
they have all one speech, and this they 
begin to do. And now there will not 
be withheld from them anything that 
they purpose to do. 7 Come, let us 
go down, and there confound their 
speech, that they may not understand 



four hundred and thirty years, and 
begot sons and daughters. 18 And 
Peleg lived thirty years, and begot 
Re u. 19 And Peleg lived after he be- 
got Reu two hundred and nine years, 
and begot sons and daughters. * 20 And 
Reu lived thirty-two years, and begot 
Serug. 21 And Reu lived after he 
begot Serug two hundred and seven 
years, and begot sons and daughters. 
"And Serug lived thirty years, and 
begot Nahor. 23 And Serug lived after 
he begot Nahor two hundred years, 
and begot sons and daughters. "And 
Nahor lived twenty-nine years, and be- 
got Terah. * And Nahor lived after 
he begot Terah a hundred and nine- 
teen years, and begot sons and daugh- 
ters. - 6 And Terah lived seventy 
years, and begot Abram, Nahor, and 
Haran. 

27 And these are the generations of 



one another's speech. 8 And Jeho- \ Terah. Terah begot Abram, 



vah scattered them abroad thence on 
the face of all the earth. And they 
ceased to build the city. 9 There- 
fore is its name called Babel, because 
there Jehovah confounded the speech 
of all the earth ; and thence did Je- 
hovah scatter them abroad on the face 
of all the earth. 

10 These are the generations of 
Shem. Shein was a hundred years 
old, and begot Arphaxad, two years 
after the flood. u And Shem lived 
after he begot Arphaxad five hundred 
years, and begot sons and daughters. 
12 And Arphaxad lived thirty-five years, 
and begot Shalah. 13 And Arphaxad 
lived after he begot Shalah four hun 



Nahor, 
Lot. 



, and Haran begot 
Haran died before Terah his 



and Haran 
28 And 

father, in the land of his birth, in Ur 
of the Chaldeans. 29 And Abram and 
Nahor took to themselves wives. The 
name of the wife of Abram was Sarai ; 
and the name of the wife of Nahor 
was Milcah, daughter of Haran, the 
father of Milcah and the father of 
Iscah. 80 And Sarai was barren, she 
had no child. 

31 And Terah took Abram his son, 
and Lot, the son of Haran, his son's 
son, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, 
wife of Abram his son ; and they went 
forth with them from Ur of the Chal- 
deans, to go to the land of Canaan. 



dred and three years, and begot sons | And they came to Haran, and dwelt 
and daughters. u And Shalah lived there. 32 And the days of Terah were 
thirty years, and begot Eber. 15 And j two hundred and five years. And 
Shalah lived after he begot Eber four j Terah died in Haran. 
hundred and three years, and begot ; 
sons and daughters. 16 And Eber lived 
thirty-four years, and begot Peleg. ; 
17 And Eber lived after he begot Peleg 
2 \ 



CHAPTER XII 

*And Jehovah said to Abram, Go 
from thy land, and from thy birth- 



GENESIS XIII 



place, and from thy father's house, to that it may be well with me for thy 
the land that I will show thee. ■ And sake ; and my soul shall live because 
1 will make thee a great nation ; and of thee. 

1 will bless thee, and will make thy u And it came to pass when Abram 
name great, and thou shall be a bless- was come into Egypt, that the Egyp 
ing. 'AlttJ 1 will bless them that tians saw the woman that she was 
bless thee, and him that curses thee very fair. 15 And the princes of Pha- 
will I curse. And in thee shall all raoh saw her, and they commended 
the families of the earth be blest, her to Pharaoh ; and the woman was 
*And Abram went, as Jehovah said \ taken to the house of Pharaoh. lfi And 
to him ; and Lot went with him. i he showed kindness to Abram for her 
And Abram was seventy-five years I sake ; and he had flocks and herds, 
old, when he went forth from Haran. and he-asses, and men-servants and 
6 And Abram took Sarai his wife, maid-servants, and she-asses and cam- 
and Lot his brother's son, and all els. " And Jehovah smote Pharaoh 
their substance that they had gath- and his house with great plagues, on 
ered, and the persons that they had account of Sarai, Abram' s wife. 18 And 
got in Haran, and they went forth to Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What 
go to the land of Canaan, and they I is this that thou hast done to me ? 
came into the land of Canaan. 6 And Why didst thou not tell me that she 



Abram passed through the land to 
the place of Shechem, to the oak of 
Moreh. And the Canaanite was then 
in the land. 7 And Jehovah appeared 
to Abram, and said, To thy seed will 
1 give this land. And he built there 
an altar to Jehovah who appeared 
to him. 8 And he moved onward that he had. 
thence to the mountain on the east 
of Bethel, and stretched his tent, with 
Bethel on the west and Ha-ai on the 
east. And he built there an altar to 
Jehovah, and called on the name of 
Jehovah. "And Abram continued re- 
moving toward the south country. 

10 And there was a famine in the 
land. And Abram went down to 
Egypt to sojourn there ; for the fam- 
in<- was grievous in the land. "And 
it came to pass as he drew near to en- 
t»-r into Egypt, that he said to Sarai 
his wife, Behold now, I know that 
thou art a woman of fair counte- 
nance. "And it will come to pass 
that the Egyptians will see thee, and 



is thy wife? 19 Whysaidst thou, She 
is my sister, so that I should take her 
to me for a wife ? Now, therefore, 
behold thy wife ; take her and go. 
20 And Pharaoh commanded men con- 
cerning him ; and they brought him 
on his way, him and his wife, and all 



CHAPTER XIII 



1 And Abram went up from Egypt, 
he, and his wife, and all that he had, 
and Lot with him, to the south coun- 
try. 2 And Abram was very rich in 
cattle, in silver, and in gold. 3 And 
he went on his journeyings from the 
south country, even to Bethel, to the 
place where his tent was at the be- 
ginning, between Bethel and Ha-ai, 
4 to the place of the altar which he 
made there at the first. And there 
Abram called on the name of Je- 
hovah. 

5 And Lot also, who went with 
Abram, had flocks, and herds, and 



will say, This is his wife. And they tents. 6 And the land could not 
will slay me, and will let thee live, bear them, that they might dwell to- 
11 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister, gether; for their substance was great, 

18 



GENESIS XIV 






and they could not dwell together. 
7 And there was strife between the 
herdsmen of Abram's cattle, and the 
herdsmen of Lot's cattle. And the 
Canaanite and the Perizzite were then 
dwelling in the land. 8 And Abram 
said to Lot, Let there be no strife, I 
pray thee, between me and thee, and 
between my herdsmen and thy herds- 
men ; for we are brethren. 9 Is not 
the whole land before thee ? Separate 
thyself, I pray thee, from me ; if to 
the left-hand, then I will go to the 
right; and if to the right-hand, then 
I will go to the left. J0 And Lot lifted 
up his eyes, and saw all the plain of 
the Jordan, that it was all a well- 
watered region (before Jehovah de- 
stroyed Sodom and Gomorrah) like | 
the garden of Jehovah, like the land 
of Egypt, as thou goest to Zoar. " And 
Lot chose for himself all the plain of 
the Jordan. And Lot removed east- 
ward, and they separated themselves, 
each from his brother. 12 Abram dwelt 
in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelt 
in the cities of the plain, and pitched 
his tent as far as Sodom. 13 And the 
men of Sodom were wicked, and sin- 
ners against Jehovah exceedingly. 

u And Jehovah said to Abram, after 
Lot separated himself from him, Lift ' 
up now thine eyes, and look from the 
place where thou art, northward, and 
southward, and eastward, and west- 
ward. 15 For the whole land which 
thou seest, to thee will I give it and 
to thy seed forever. 16 And I will 
make thy seed as the dust of the 
earth ; so that if a man can number 
the dust of the earth, thy seed also 
shall be numbered. " Arise, walk 
through the land, in its length and j 
in its breadth ; for to thee will I give 
it. 18 And Abram removed his tent, 
and came and dwelt by the oaks of 
Mamre, which are in Hebron. And 
he built there an altar to Jehovah. 



CHAPTER XIV 

1 And it came to pass in the days 
of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch 
king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of 
Elam, and Tidal king of nations, 2 that 
they made war with Bera king of So- 
dom, and with Birsha king of Gomor- 
rah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shem- 
eber king of Zeboim, and the king of 
Bela (that is Zoar). 3 All these joined 
together in the vale of Siddim (that 
is the salt sea). 4 Twelve years they 
served Chedorlaomer ; and in the thir- 
teenth year they rebelled. 5 And in 
the fourteenth year came Chedorlao- 
mer, and the kings that were with him, 
and smote the Rephaltes in Ashte- 
roth-Karnaim, and the Zuzim in Ham, 
and the Emim in Shaveh-Kiriathaim, 
6 and the Horites in their mount Seir, 
to El-paran (which is by the wilder- 
ness). 7 And they returned, and came 
to En-mishpat (that is Kadesh), and 
smote all the country of the Amalek- 
ites, and also the Amorites that dwelt 
at Hazazon-tamar. 8 And there went 
out the king of Sodom, and the king 
of Gomorrah, and the king of Ad- 
mah, and the king of Zeboi'm, and 
the king of Bela (that is Zoar), and 
joined battle with them in the vale 
of Siddim : 9 with Chedorlaomer king 
of Elam, and Tidal king of nations, 
and Amraphel king of Shinar, and 
Arioch king of Ellasar ; four kings 
with the five. ,0 And the vale of Sid- 
dim was full of bitumen-pits ; and the 
kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, 
and fell there ; and they that were 
left fled to the mountain. u And 
they took all the substance of Sodom 
and Gomorrah, and all their food, 
and went their way. n And they took 
Lot, the son of Abram's brother, and 
his substance, and went their way ; 
and he was dwelling in Sodom. 

13 And there came one that es- 



*9 



GENESIS XV 



caped, and told Abram the Hebrew. 
And he was dwelling by the oaks of 
Mature the Amorite, brother of Esh- 
col, and brother of Aner ; and these 
were in covenant with Abram. u And 
Abram heard that his brother was 
taken captive ; and he drew out his 
trained men, born in his house, three 
hundred and eighteen, and pursued 
after to Dan. 15 And he divided him- 
self against them by night, he and his 
servants, and smote them, and pur- 
sued them to Hobah (which is on the 
left of Damascus). 16 And he brought 
back all the substance. And also Lot 
his brother, and his substance, he 
brought back ; and also the women 
and the people. 

17 And the king of Sodom went out 
to meet him, after he returned from 
smiting Chedorlaomer and the kings 
that were with him, to the valley of 
Shaveh (that is the King's Dale). 

18 And Melchizedek king of Salem 
brought forth bread and wine. And 
he was priest of the most high God. 
"And he blessed him, and said, 
Blessed be Abram of the most high 
God, possessor of heaven and earth. 
20 And blessed be the most high God 
who delivered thine enemies into 
thv hand. And he gave him a tenth I 
of all. 

21 And the king of Sodom said to j 
Abram, Give me the persons, and j 
the substance take to thyself. 22 And i 
Abram said to the king of Sodom, I ! 
have lifted my hand to Jehovah, the 
most high God, possessor of heaven! 
and earth, 2S that not from a thread] 
iioe-latchet will I take of all that 
is thine. And thou shalt not say, It j 
it I that made Abram rich. 24 Nothing 
me, save what the young men 
have eaten, and the portion of the 
men who went with me, Aner, Esh- 
col, and Mam re ; they shall take their 
portion. 



CHAPTER XV 



1 After these things, the word of Je- 
hovah came to Abram, in vision, say- 
ing, Fear not, Abram ; lama shield 
to thee ; thy reward is exceeding 
great. 2 And Abram said, Lord Je- 
hovah, what wilt thou give me? For 
I go childless ; and the heir of my 
house, he is Eliezer of Damascus. 
3 And Abram said, Behold, to me 
thou hast not given seed ; and be- 
hold, one of my household will be my 
heir. * And behold, the word of Je- 
hovah came to him, saying, This shall 
not be thy heir ; but one that shall 
come forth from thine own bowels, he 
shall be thy heir. 5 And he brought 
him forth abroad, and said, Look now 
toward the heavens, and number the 
stars, if thou shalt be able to number 
them. And he said, So shall be thy 
seed. 6 And he believed in Jehovah ; 
and he reckoned it to him for right- 
eousness. 7 And he said to him, I 
am Jehovah, who brought thee out 
from Ur of the Chaldeans, to give 
thee this land to possess it. 8 And 
he said, Lord Jehovah, whereby shall 

I know that I shall possess it ? 9 And 
he said to him, Take for me a heifer 
three years old, and a she-goat three 
years old, and a ram three years old, 
and a turtle-dove, and a young pig- 
eon. 10 And he took to him all these; 
and he divided them in two, and laid 
each one's part over against its fel- 
low ; but the birds he did not divide. 

II And birds of prey came down upon 
the carcasses ; and Abram drove them 
away. "And the sun was about 
going down, and a deep sleep fell 
upon Abram ; and behold, a horror 
of great darkness falling upon him. 
13 And he said to Abram, Know 
surely, that thy seed shall be a so- 
journer in a land that is not theirs, 
and shall serve them, and they will 



GENESIS XVI, XVII 



afflict them, four hundred years. w And 
the nation which they shall serve I am 
going to judge ; and afterward they 
shall come out with great substance. 
15 And as for thee, thou shalt go to 
thy fathers in peace ; thou shalt be 
buried in a good old age. 16 And in 
the fourth generation they shall re- 
turn hither. For the iniquity of the 
Amorites is not yet full. 17 And the 
sun was gone down, and darkness 
came on. And behold, a furnace of 
smoke and fiery flame that passed be- 
tween those pieces. 

18 On that day did Jehovah make a 
covenant with Abram, saying, To thy 
seed I give this land, from the river 
of Egypt to the great river, the river 
Euphrates ; 19 the Kenites, and the 
Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, 20 and 
the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and 
the RephaTtes, n and the Amorites, and 
the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, 
and the Jebusites. 

CHAPTER XVI 

*And Sarai, the wife of Abram, 
bore him no child. And she had 
an Egyptian maid-servant, and her 
name was Hagar. ' And Sarai said 
to Abram, Behold now, Jehovah has 
withheld me from bearing. Go in, I 
pray thee, to my maid-servant. It 
may be, that I shall be built up from 
her. And Abram hearkened to the 
voice of Sarai. 8 And Sarai, the wife 
of Abram, took Hagar the Egyptian, 
her maid-servant, after Abram had 
dwelt ten years in the land of Ca- 
naan, and gave her to Abram her 
husband, to be his wife. 4 And he 
went in to Hagar, and she conceived. 
And she saw that she had conceived, 
and her mistress was despised in her 
eyes. 

5 And Sarai said to Abram, My 
wrong be upon thee. I myself gave 
my maid-servant into thy bosom j and 



I she saw that she had conceived, and I 
I was despised in her eyes. Jehovah 
j judge between me and thee. 6 And 
j Abram said to Sarai, Behold, thy 
i maid-servant is in thy hand; do to 
! her that which is good in thine eyes. 
| And Sarai dealt harshly with her, and 
she fled from her face. 

7 And the angel of Jehovah found 
i her by the fountain of water in the 
j wilderness, by the fountain in the 
| way to Shur. 8 And he said, Hagar, 
Sarai' s maid-servant, whence earnest 
thou, and whither art thou going? 
And she said, I am fleeing from the 
face of Sarai, my mistress. 9 And the 
angel of Jehovah said to her, Return to 
thy mistress, and submit thyself under 
her hands. 10 And the angel of Je- 
hovah said to her, I will greatly multi- 
ply thy seed, and it shall not be num- 
bered for multitude. " And the an- 
gel of Jehovah said to her, Behold, 
thou art with child, and shalt bear a 
son, and shalt call his name Ishmael ; 
because Jehovah hearkened to thy 
affliction. "And he will be a wild 
man, his hand against every man, 
and every man's hand against him. 
And before the face of all his breth- 
ren will he dwell. 13 And she called 
the name of Jehovah, who spoke to 
her, Thou God of vision. For she 
said, Do I even see here after the vis- 
ion ? u Therefore the well was called 
Beer-lehai-roi. Behold, it is between 
Kadesh and Bered. 

15 And Hagar bore a son to Abram. 
And Abram called the name of his 
son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. 
16 And Abram was eighty and six 
years old, when Hagar bore Ishmael 
to Abram. 

CHAPTER XVII 

1 And Abram was ninety and nine 
years old. And Jehovah appeared 
to Abram, and said to him, I am 



2 1 



GENESIS XVII 



God, Almighty ; walk before me, and 
be perfect. 2 And I will set my 
covenant between me and thee, and 
will multiply thee exceedingly. 8 And 
Abram fell upon his face ; and God 
talked with him, saying, 4 As for me, 
behold, my covenant is with thee, and 
thou shalt become a father of a multi- 
tude of nations. 5 And thy name 
shall no more be called Abram, but 
thy name shall be Abraham ; for a 
father of a multitude of nations have 

I made thee. 6 And I will make thee 
fruitful exceedingly, and I will make 
nations of thee, and kings shall come 
forth from thee. 7 And I will estab- 
lish my covenant between me and 
thee, and thy seed after thee in their 
generations, for an everlasting cove- 
nant, to be a God to thee and to 
thy seed after thee. 8 And I will 
give to thee and to thy seed after 
thee the land of thy sojournings, the 
whole land of Canaan, for an ever- 
lasting possession ; and I will be their 
God. 

•And God said to Abraham, And 
as for thee, my covenant shalt thou 
keep, thou and thy seed after thee in 
their generations. 10 This is my cove- 
nant, which ye shall keep, between 
me and you, and thy seed after thee : 
Every male of you shall be circum- 
cised. u And ye shall circumcise the 
flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be 
a covenant-sign between me and you. 
M A nd at the age of eight days every 
male of you shall be circumcised in 
your generations, he that is born in 
the house, and one bought with money 
ei any stranger that is not of thy seed. 

II He that is born in thy house and he 
that is bought with thy money shall 
surely be < in u incised ; and my cove- 
nant shall be iii your flesh for an ever- 
lasting covenant. "And the uncir- 

male, the flesh of whose 
foreskin is not circumcfctd, that soul 



shall be cut off from his people ; he 
has broken my covenant. 

15 And God said to Abraham, As for 
Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her 
name Sarai, for Sarah shall be her 
name. 16 And I will bless her, yea, 
and will give thee a son from her ; 
and I will bless her, and she shall be- 
come nations ; kings of peoples shall 
be from her. " And Abraham fell 
upon his face, and laughed ; and he 
said in his heart, Shall a child be born 
to him that is a hundred years old ? 
And Sarah, shall she that is ninety 
years old bear ? 

18 And Abraham said to God, Would 
that Ishmael might live before thee ! 
19 And God said, Nay, Sarah thy wife 
shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt 
call his name Isaac. And I will es- 
tablish my covenant with him for an 
everlasting covenant, for his seed after 
him. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have 
heard thee. Behold, I have blessed 
him, and made him fruitful, and 
multiplied him exceedingly. Twelve 
princes shall he beget, and I will make 
him a great nation. 21 But my cove- 
nant I will establish with Isaac, whom 
Sarah shall bear to thee at this set 
time in the following year. 22 And 
he finished talking with him ; and 
God went up from Abraham. 

23 And Abraham took Ishmael his 
son, and all that were born in his 
house, and all that were bought with 
his money, every male among the 
men of Abraham's house, and he cir- 
cumcised the flesh of their foreskin 
in that very day, as God had spoken 
with him. 2i And Abraham was ninety 
and nine years old when he was cir- 
cumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 
25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen 
years old when he was circumcised in 
the flesh of his foreskin. 26 In that 
very day was Abraham circumcised, 
and Ishmael his son. 27 And all the 



22 



GENESIS XVIII 



men of his house, born in the house, 
and bought with money of the stranger, 
were circumcised with him. 

CHAPTER XVIII 

I And Jehovah appeared to him by 
the oaks of Mam re ; and he was sit- 
ting at the door of the tent in the 
heat of the day. 2 And he lifted up 
his eyes and saw, and behold, three 
men standing over against him. And 
he saw, and ran to meet them from 
the door of the tent, and bowed him- 
self to the earth. 3 And he said, My 
Lord, if now I have found favor in thy 
sight, pass not on, I pray thee, from 
thy servant. * Let a little water, I 
pray thee, be fetched, and wash your 
feet, and recline under the tree. 

5 And let me fetch a morsel of bread, ! 
and strengthen ye your heart ; after 
that ye shall pass on ; for therefore 
do* ye pass by your servant. And . 
they said, So do, as thou hast spoken. 

6 And Abraham hastened into the tent 
to Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly ! 
three seahs of fine flour ; knead it, 
and make hearth -cakes. 7 And Abra- 
ham ran to the herd, and took a calf 
tender and good, and gave it to the 
servant ; and he made haste to dress 
it. 8 And he took curd and milk, and 
the calf which he had dressed, and set 
it before them ; and he stood by them 
under the tree, and they ate. 

9 And they said to him, Where is 
Sarah thy wife ? And he said, Be- ! 
hold, in the tent. ,0 And he said, I 
will surely return to thee at the reviv- 
ing season ; and behold, Sarah thy wife 
shall have a son. And Sarah was 
listening at the door of the tent ; and 
that was behind him. 

II And Abraham and Sarah were old, 
far gone in years. It had ceased to' 
be with Sarah after the manner of 
women. "And Sarah laughed with- 
in herself, saying, After I am decayed | 



shall I have pleasure, my lord be- 
ing old also? 13 And Jehovah said 
to Abraham, Wherefore is this, that 
Sarah laughed, saying, Is it even so, 
that I shall indeed bear when I am 
old ? u Is anything too hard for Je- 
hovah ? At the set time I will return 
to thee, at the reviving season, and 
Sarah shall have a son. 15 And Sarah 
denied, saying, I did not laugh. For 
she was afraid. And he said, Nay, 
but thou didst laugh. 

16 And the men rose up thence, and 
looked toward Sodom. And Abra- 
ham went with them, to bring theifl 
on the way. " And Jehovah said, 
Shall I conceal from Abraham what I 
am about to do; 18 seeing that Abra- 
ham shall surely become a great and 
mighty nation, and all the nations 
of the earth shall be blessed in him ? 
19 For I have known him, in order 
that he may command his children 
and his house after him, and they 
may keep the way of Jehovah, to do 
righteousness and justice ; that Jeho- 
vah may bring upon Abraham that 
which he has spoken of him. 20 And 
Jehovah said, Because the cry of 
Sodom and Gomorrah is great, and 
because their sin is very grievous, 21 1 
will go down now, and will see whether 
they have done altogether according 
to the cry of it that is come to me ; 
and if not, I will know. 

"And the men turned thence, and 
went toward Sodom ; and Abraham 
stood yet before Jehovah. 

23 And Abraham drew near, and said, 
Wilt thou even take away the righteous 
with the wicked ? 24 Perhaps there are 
fifty righteous in the midst of the city. 
Wilt thou even take away, and not 
spare the place, for the sake of the fifty 
righteous within it? 25 Far be it from 
thee to do after this manner, to slay 
the righteous with the wicked, that 
the righteous should be as the wicked; 



2 3 



GENESIS XIX 



far be it from thee. Shall not the 
Judge of all the earth do right ? 26 And 
Jehovah said, If I shall find in Sodom 
fifty righteous in the midst of the city, 
then I will spare all the place on their 
account. "And Abraham answered 
and said, Behold now, I have taken 
upon me to speak to my Lord, and 1 
am dust and ashes. 28 Perhaps the 
fifty righteous will lack five. Wilt 
thou for five destroy the whole city? 
And he said, I will not destroy it, if 
I shall find there forty and five. 29 And 
yet again he spoke to him, and said, 
Perhaps there will forty be found 
there. And he said, I will not do it, 
for the sake of the forty. 30 And he 
said, Let not my Lord be angry, I 
pray, and I will speak. Perhaps there 
will thirty be found there. And he 
said, I will not do it, if I shall find 
thirty there. 31 And he said, Behold 
now, I have taken upon me to speak 
to my Lord. Perhaps there will be 
twenty found there. And he said, I 
will not destroy it, for the sake of the 
twenty. 32 And he said, Let not my 
Lord be angry, I pray, and I will 
speak but this once. Perhaps there 
will ten be found there. And he said. 
T will not destroy it, for the sake of the 
ten. 33 And Jehovah went away, when 
he had finished talking to Abraham ; 
and Abraham returned to his place. 

CHAPTER XIX 

1 And the two angels came to Sodom 
at evening ; and Lot was sitting in the 
gate of Sodom. And Lot saw, and 
rose up to meet them ; and he bowed 
with his face to the earth. 2 And he 
said, Behold now, my Lords, turn 
aside, I pray, into the house of your 
servant, and pass the night, and wash 
your feet ; and ye shall rise up early, 
and go on your way. And they said, 
Nay, for we will pass the night in the 
street. 'And he pressed them very \ 



earnestly ; and they turned aside to 
him, and entered into his house ; and 
he made them a feast, and baked un- 
leavened cakes, and they ate. 

4 Before they lay down, men of the 
city, men of Sodom, surrounded the 
house, both young and old, all the 
people from the farthest limit 5 And 
they called to Lot, and said to him. 
Where are the men that came in to 
thee this night? Bring them out to 
us, that we may know them. 6 And 
Lot went out to them, to the door- 
way, and shut the door behind him. 
7 And he said, Do not, I pray, my 
brethren, do wickedly. 8 Behold now, 
I have two daughters that have not 
known a man ; let me, I pray, bring 
them out to you, and do to them as 
is good in your eyes. Only to these 
men do nothing ; for therefore came 
they under the shadow of my roof. 
9 And they said, Stand back. And 
they said, This one came in to so- 
journ, and he will needs be judge. 
Now will we deal worse with thee 
than with them. And they pressed 
hard upon the man, upon Lot, and 
came near to break the door. 10 And 
the men put forth their hand, and 
drew Lot into the house to them ; 
and they shut the door. n And the 
men that were at the door-way of the 
house they smote with blindness, both 
small and great ; and they wearied 
themselves to find the door-way. 

12 And the men said to Lot, Whom 
else hast thou here ? Son-in-law, and 
thy sons, and thy daughters, and all 
that thou hast in the city, bring out 
from this place. 13 For we are about 
to destroy this place, because their cry 
is great in the presence of Jehovah ; 
and Jehovah has sent us to destroy 
it. u And Lot went out, and spoke to 
his sons-in-law, who married his daugh- 
ters, and said, Arise, go forth from 
this place ; for Jehovah is about to de- 



24 



GENESIS XIX 



stroy the city. And he was as one that 
jested in the eyes of his sons-in-law. 

15 And when dawn arose the angels 
hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy 
wife and thy two daughters that are at 
hand, lest thou be consumed in the 
iniquity of the city. 16 And he lin- 
gered ; and the men laid hold on his 
hand, and on the hand of his wife and 
on the hand of his two daughters, 
through Jehovah's compassion for 
him, and they brought him forth and 
set him without the city. 

17 And it came to pass when they 
had brought them forth abroad that 
he said, Escape for thy life ; look 
not behind thee, and stay not in all 
the plain ; escape to the mountain, 
lest thou be consumed. 18 And Lot 
said to them, Not so, I pray, my Lord. 
19 Behold now, thy servant found favor 
in thy sight, and thou hast magnified 
thy kindness that thou didst show me 
in saving my life ; and as for me, I 
can not escape to the mountain lest 
the evil overtake me, and I die. 20 Be- 
hold now, this city is near to flee 
thither, and it is a little one. Let 
me, I pray, escape thither, (is it not 
a little one?) and my soul shall live. 
21 And he said to him, Behold, I have 
accepted thee in this thing also, that 
I will not overthrow the city of which 
thou hast spoken. 22 Haste, escape 
thither ; for I can do nothing until 
thou come thither. Therefore the 
name of the city was called Zoar. 

23 The sun came forth upon the earth 
as Lot entered into Zoar. 24 And Je- 
hovah rained upon Sodom and upon 
Gomorrah brimstone and fire from 
Jehovah out of heaven. 25 And he 
overthrew those cities, and all the 
plain, and all the inhabitants of the 
cities, and that which grew from the 
ground. 26 And his wife looked back 
from after him, and she became a pil- 
lar of salt. 



27 And Abraham gat up early in the 
morning to the place where he had 
stood before Jehovah. 28 And he 
looked out toward Sodom and Go- 
morrah, and toward all the land of 
i the plain, and saw, and behold, the 
i smoke of the land went up as the 
smoke of a furnace. 

29 And it came to pass when God 
destroyed the cities of the plain that 

; God remembered Abraham, and he 
sent Lot out of the midst of the over- 
i throw when he overthrew the cities in 
| which Lot dwelt. 

30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, 

I and dwelt in the mountain, and his 
two daughters with him j for he feared 
j to dwell in Zoar. And he dwelt in a 
cave, he and his two daughters. 3I And 
the firstborn said to the younger, Our 
father is old, and there is no man in 
the land to come in to us after the 
manner of all the earth. 32 Come, let 
us make our father drink wine, and 
we will lie with him, that we may pre- 
serve a seed from our father. 33 And 
they made their father drink wine 
j that night. And the firstborn went 
i in, and lay with her father ; and he 
j knew not when she lay down, and 
j when she arose. 34 And it came to 
pass on the morrow, that the firstborn 
i said to the younger, Behold, I lay yes- 
| ternight with my father. Let us make 
him drink wine this night also ; and 
do thou go in and lie with him, that we 
| may preserve a seed from our father. 
35 And they made their father drink 
I wine that night also. And the younger 
arose, and lay with him ; and he knew 
j not when she lay down, and when she 
arose. 36 And both the daughters of 
j Lot were with child by their father. 
j 37 And the firstborn bore a son, and 
j she called his name Moab. He is the 
i father of Moab to this day. 38 And 
the younger, she also bore a son, and 
she called his name Ben-ammi. He 



25 



GENESIS XX, XXI 



is the father of the children of Amnion 
to this day. 

CHAPTER XX 

1 And Abraham removed thence to- 
ward the south country, and dwelt 
between Kadesh and Shur. And he 
sojourned in Gerar. 2 And Abraham 



Abraham said, Because I thought, 
surely there is no fear of God in this 
place, and they will slay me on ac- 
count of my wife. Vi And also in truth 
she is my sister, the daughter of my 
father, but not the daughter of my 
mother ; and she became my wife. 
13 And it came to pass, when God 



said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister. ; caused me to wander from my father's 
And Abimelech king of Gerar sent ; house, that I said to her, This is thy 



and took Sarah. 3 And God came to 
Abimelech in a dream by night, and 
said to him, Behold, thou diest on ac- 
count of the woman whom thou hast 
taken • for she is married to a hus- 
band. * And Abimelech had not come 
near her. And he said, Lord, wilt 
thou slay even a righteous nation ? 
5 Did not he himsell say to me, She is 
my sister ? And she, she herself also 
said, He is my brother. In the in- 
tegrity of my heart, and in the inno- 
cency of my hands have I done this. 
• And God said to him in a dream, I 
myself also knew that in the integrity 
of thy heart thou didst this ; and I 
withheld thee, even I myself, from 
sinning against me. Therefore I did 
not permit thee to touch her. 7 Now 
therefore return the man's wife ; for 
he is a prophet, and he will pray for 
thee, and thou shalt live. And if 
thou dost not return her, know that 
thou shalt surely die, thou and all 
that are thine. 

8 And Abimelech rose early in the 
morning, and called all his servants, 
and spoke all these words in their 
ears ; and the men feared exceed- 
ingly. • And Abimelech called Abra- 
ham, and said to him, What hast thou 
done to us ? And in what have I sin- 
ned against thee that thou bringest on 
me and on my kingdom a great sin? 
Dfeeds that should not be done hast 
thou done with me. 10 And Abimelech 
aid to Abraham, What sawest thou, 
that thou didst this thing? ll And 



kindness which thou shalt show me 
at every place whither we shall come, 
say of me, He is my brother. u And 
Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and 
men-servants and maid-servants, and 
gave them to Abraham, and returned 
to him Sarah his wife. 15 And Abime- 
lech said, Behold, my land is before 
thee j dwell where it is good in thine 
eyes. 16 And to Sarah he said, Behold, 
I have given a thousand pieces of sil- 
ver to thy brother. Behold, that is to 
thee a covering of the eyes for all that 
has happened with thee and with all. 
And she was redressed. n And Abra- 
ham prayed to God ; and God healed 
Abimelech, and his wife and his hand- 
maids, and they bore children. 18 For 
Jehovah had fast closed up every 
womb of the house of Abimelech be- 
cause of Sarah Abraham's wife. 

CHAPTER XXI 

l And Jehovah visited Sarah as he 
had said ; and Jehovah did to Sarah 
as he had spoken. 2 And Sarah con- 
ceived, and bore to Abraham a son in 
his old age, at the set time of which 
God had spoken with him. 3 And 
Abraham called the name of his son 
that was born to him, whom Sarah 
bore to him, Isaac. *And Abraham 
circumcised Isaac his son when eight 
days old as God commanded him. 
5 And Abraham was a hundred years 
old when Isaac his son was born to 
him. 6 And Sarah said, 

God has prepared for me laughter ; 



?6 



GENESIS XXI 






Every one that hears will laugh 
with me. 
7 And she said, 

Who tells to Abraham, 

Sarah nurses children ? 

For I have borne a son to his old 
age. 
8 And the child grew, and was 
weaned. And Abraham made a great 
feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 
9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the 
Egyptian, whom she bore to Abra- 
ham, making sport. 10 And she said 
to Abraham, Drive out this handmaid 
and her son ; for the son of this hand- 
maid shall not be heir with my son, 
with Isaac. "And the thing was very 
grievous in the eyes of Abraham on 
account of his son. 12 And God said 
to Abraham, Let it not be grievous in 
thine eyes on account of the lad and 
on account of thy handmaid. In all 
that Sarah says to thee hearken to her 
voice ; for in Isaac shall thy seed be 
called. 13 And also the son of the 
handmaid I will make a nation ; for 
he is thy seed. H And Abraham rose 
early in the morning, and took bread 
and a water-skin, and gave it to Ha- 
gar, putting it on her shoulder, and 
the child, and sent her away. 

And she went, and wandered in the 
wilderness of Beer-sheba. 15 And the 
water was spent from the skin ; and 
she laid the child down under one of 
the bushes. 16 And she went and sat 
down over against him a good way off, 
as it were a bowshot. For she said, 
Let me not see the death of the child. 
And she sat over against him, and 
lifted up her voice and wept. }] And 
God heard the voice of the lad. And 
the angel of God called to Hagar out 
of heaven, and said to her, What ails 
thee, Hagar? Fear not ; for God has 
heard the voice of the lad, where lie 
is. ,s Arise, lift up the lad, and hold 
him fast by thy hand; for I will make 



him a great nation. 19 And God opened 
her eyes, and she saw a well of water. 
And she went, and filled the skin with 
water, and gave the lad to drink. 

20 And God was with the lad ; and 
he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, 
and became as he grew up an archer. 
21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of 
Paran. And his mother took for him 
a wife out of the land of Egypt. 

22 And it came to pass at that time 
that Abimelech and Phichol the cap- 
tain of his host spoke to Abraham, 
saying, God is with thee in all that 
thou doest. 23 Now, therefore, swear 
to me here by God, that thou wilt not 
deal falsely with me, nor with my son 
nor with my son's son. According to 
the kindness that I have done to thee 
shalt thou do to me and to the land 
wherein thou hast sojourned. 2 *And 
Abraham said, I will swear. 25 And 
Abraham reproved Abimelech on ac- 
count of the well of water, which Abim- 
elech' s servants violently took away. 
28 And Abimelech said, I know not 
who did this thing. And thou also 
hast not told me ; and I also have 
not heard it, except this day. 27 And 
Abraham took sheep and oxen, and 
gave them to Abimelech ; and they 
two made a covenant. 28 And Abra- 
ham set seven ewe lambs of the flock 
by themselves. 29 And Abimelech 
said to Abraham, What are they, these 
seven ewe lambs which thou hast set 
by themselves? 30 And he said, The 
seven ewe lambs thou shalt take from 
my hand, that they may be for me a 
witness that I dug this well. sl There- 
fore he called that place Beer-sheba ; 
because there they both swore. 32 And 
they made a covenant at Beer-sheba. 
And Abimelech rose up and Phichol 
the captain of his host, and they re- 
turned to the land of the Philistines. 
3:1 And he planted a grove in Beer- 
sheba ; and he called there on the 



27 



GENESIS XXII 



name of Jehovah, the eternal God. 
"And Abraham sojourned in the land 
of the Philistines many days. 

CHAPTER XXII 

1 And it came to pass after these 
things, that God tried Abraham. And 
he said to him, Abraham ! And he 
said, Here am I. 2 And he said, Take 
now thy son, thine only one, whom 
thou lovest, Isaac, and go to the land 
of Moriah; and offer him there for a 
burnt offering on one of the moun- 
tains of which I will tell thee. 3 And 
Abraham rose early in the morning, 
and saddled his ass, and took his two 
servants with him, and Isaac his son ; 
and he cleaved the wood for a burnt 
offering ; and he rose up, and went to 
the place of which God told him. 
* On the third day Abraham lifted up 
his eyes, and saw the place afar off. 
5 And Abraham said to his servants. 
Do ye remain here with the ass ; and 
I and the lad will go yonder, and wor- 
ship, and return to you. 6 And Abra- 
ham took the wood for the burnt 
offering, and laid it upon Isaac his 
son ; and he took in his hand the fire 
and the knife ; and they went both 
of them together. 7 And Isaac spoke 
to Abraham his father, and said, My 
father ! And lie said, Here am I, my 
son. And he said, Behold the fire, 
and the wood ; but where is the lamb 
for a burnt offering ? 8 And Abraham 
said, God will provide himself the 
lamb for a burnt offering, my son. 
And they went both of them to- 
gether. ■ And they came to the place 
of which God told him. And Abra- 
ham built there the altar, and laid 
the wood in order, and bound Isaac 
his son, and laid him upon the altar on 
the wood. 10 And Abraham stretched 
forth his hand, and took the knife to 
slay his son. M And the angel of Je- 
hovah called to him out of heaven, 



and said, Abraham ! Abraham ! And 
he said, Here am I. 12 And he said, 
Stretch not forth thy hand against the 
lad, nor do anything to him. For 
now I know that thou fearest God, 
and hast not withheld thy son, thine 
only one, from me. 13 And Abraham 
lifted up his eyes, and saw, and be- 
hold, a ram behind him, caught in 
the thicket by his horns. And Abra- 
ham went and took the ram, and 
offered him up for a burnt offering in 
place of his son. 

w And Abraham called the name of 
that place Jehovah-jireh. As it is 
said at this day, In the mount of Je- 
hovah it will be provided. 

15 And the angel of Jehovah called 
to Abraham a second time out of 
heaven, 16 and said, By myself have I 
sworn, says Jehovah, that because 
thou hast done this thing, and didst 
! not withhold thy son, thine only one, 
j " I will greatly bless thee, and will 
greatly multiply thy seed as the stars 
of heaven, and as the sand which 
is on the sea shore ; and thy seed 
shall possess the gate of his enemies. 
18 And in thy seed shall all the nations 
of the earth be blessed ; because thou 
hast hearkened to my voice. 

19 And Abraham returned to his serv- 
| ants ; and they rose up and went to- 
! gether to Beer-sheba ; and Abraham 
: dwelt at Beer-sheba. 

20 And it came to pass after these 
things, that it was told to Abraham, 
saying, Behold, Milcah, she has borne 
! children to Nahor thy brother : 21 Uz 
i his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and 
! Kemuel the father of Aram, 22 and Che- 
; sed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jid- 
laph, and Bethuel. 23 And Bethuel be- 
got Rebekah. These eight did Milcah 
bear to Nahor, Abraham's brother. 
24 And his concubine, whose name was 
Reumah, she also bore Tebah, and 
Gaham, and Thahash, and Maachah. 



28 



GENESIS XXIII, XXIV 



CHAPTER XXIII 

1 And the life of Sarah was a hun- 
dred and twenty-seven years, the years 
of the life of Sarah. 2 And Sarah died 
in Kirjath-arba, that is Hebron, in the 
land of Canaan. And Abraham came 
to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for 
her. * And Abraham stood up from 
before his dead, and spoke to the sons 
of Heth, saying, *I am a stranger and 
a sojourner with you. Give me a pos- 
session of a burying-place with you, 
that I may bury my dead out of my 
sight. 5 And the sons of Heth an- 
swered Abraham, saying to him, 6 Hear 
us, my lord. Thou art a prince of 
God among us. In the choice of our 
sepulchres bury thy dead. None of 
us will withhold from thee his sepul- 
chre, that thou mayest not bury thy 
dead. 7 And Abraham stood up, and 
bowed himself to the people of the 
land, to the sons of Heth. 8 And he 
talked with them, saying, If it be your 
mind to bury my dead out of my 
sight, hear me, and intercede for me 
with Ephron son of Zohar, 9 that he 
may give me the cave of Machpelah, 
which is his, which is at the end of his 
field. For the full price shall he give 
it me in the midst of you, for a pos- 
session of a burying-place. 10 And 
Ephron was sitting in the midst of the 
sons of Heth. And Ephron the Hit- 
tite answered Abraham in the hearing 
of the sons of Heth, of all that enter 
in at the gate of his city, saying, " Nay, 
my lord, hear me. The field I give 
thee, and the cave that is therein, to 
thee I give it j in the sight of the sons 
of my people I give it thee ; bury thy 
dead. 12 And Abraham bcwed him- 
self before the people of ihe land. 
13 And he spoke to Ephron in the 
hearing of the people of the land, 
saying, But if thou wilt, I pray, hear 
me. I give the price of the field ; 



take it of me, and I will bury my dead 
there. u And Ephron answered Abra- 
ham, saying to him, ,5 My lord, hear 
me. Land worth four hundred shek- 
els of silver, what is that between me 
and thee? So bury thy dead. 16 And 
Abraham hearkened to Ephron. And 
Abraham weighed to Ephron the sil- 
ver that he had spoken of in the hear- 
ing of the sons of Heth, four hundred 
shekels of silver, current with the mer- 
chant. 17 And the field of Ephron 
that is in Machpelah, which is before 
Mamre, the field, and the cave that is 
therein, and all the trees that are in 
the field, that are in all its borders 
around, were made sure 18 to Abraham 
for a possession in the sight of the 
sons of Heth among all that enter in 
at the gate of his city. 

19 And after this Abraham buried 
Sarah his wife in the field of Mach- 
pelah before Mamre, that is Hebron, 
in the land of Canaan. 20 And the 
field and the cave that is therein were 
made sure to Abraham for a posses- 
sion of a burying-place from the sons 
of Heth. 

CHAPTER XXIV 

*And Abraham was old, far gone 
in years. And Jehovah had blessed 
Abraham in all things. 2 And Abra- 
ham said to his servant, the elder of 
his house, who ruled over all that he 
had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand under 
my thigh ; 3 and I will make thee swear 
by Jehovah, the God of heaven .and 
the God of earth, that thou wilt not 
take a wife for my son of the daugh- 
ters of the Canaanites in the midst of 
whom I dwell. 4 But thou shalt go to 
my land, and to my kindred, and take 
a wife for my son, for Isaac. 5 And 
the servant said to him, Perhaps the 
woman will not be willing to follow 
me to this land. Must I needs bring 
thy son again to the land whence thou 



29 



GENESIS XXIV 



earnest? * And Abraham said to him, I 
Beware that thou bring not my son : 
thither again. 7 Jehovah, the God of 
heaven, who took me from my father's I 
house, and from the land of my kin- 
dred, and who spoke to me, and who 
swore to me, saying, To thy seed will j 

I give this land ; he will send his an- 
gel before thee, and thou shalt take a i 
wife for my son thenee. 8 And if the 
woman shall not be willing to follow J 
thee, then thou shalt be clear from | 
this my oath ; only, thou shalt not 
bring my son thither again. 'And 
the servant put his hand under the 
thigh of Abraham his master, and 
swore to him concerning this matter. 

10 And the servant took ten camels 
of the camels of his master, and went * 
for all the goods of his master were in 
his hand ; and he arose, and went to 
Mesopotamia, to the city of Nahor. 

II And he made the camels kneel down 
outside of the city by the well of water 
at the time of evening, the time when 
the women who draw water go forth. 
12 And he said, Jehovah, God of my 
master Abraham, I pray thee, prosper 
me this day, and show kindness to my 
master Abraham. 1S Behold, I stand 
by the fountain of water ; and the 
daughters of the men of the city come 
out to draw water. u And it shall be 
that the damsel to whom 1 shall say, 
Incline thy pitcher, I pray, that I may 
drink ; and she shall say, Drink, and 
I will give thy camels drink also ; her 
thou hast appointed for thy servant, 
for Isaac ; and by this I shall know 
that thou showest kindness to my mas- 
ter. 15 And it came to pass before he 
had done speaking, that, behold, Re- 
hekah « ainc out, who was born to 
NthtSel, son of Milcah, the wife of 
Nahor Abraham's brother, and her 
pitcher was on her shoulder. 16 And 
the damsel was of very fair counte- ' 
MUU e, I viicm. and a man had not I 



known her. And she went down to 
the fountain, and filled her pitcher, 
and came up. n And the servant ran 
to meet her, and said, Let me swal- 
low, 1 pray, a little water from thy 
pitcher. i8 And she said, Drink, my 
lord. And she hasted, and let down 
her pitcher upon her hand, and gave 
him drink. 19 And when she had 
done giving him drink, she said, I will 
draw for thy camels also, until they 
have done drinking. 20 And she hasted, 
and emptied her pitcher into the water- 
ing-trough, and ran again to the well 
to draw ; and she drew for all his 
camels. 21 And the man was atten- 
tively observing her, and holding his 
peace, to know whether Jehovah had 
prospered his way or not. 22 And it 
came to pass when the camels had 
done drinking, that the man took a 
ring of gold, half a shekel was its 
weight, and two bracelets for her 
hands, ten shekels of gold was their 
weight. "And he said, Whose daugh- 
ter art thou ? Tell me, I pray. Is 
there in thy father's house a place for 
us to pass the night? 34 And she said 
to him, I am the daughter of Bethuel 
the son of Milcah, whom she bore to 
Nahor. 25 And she said to him. We! 
have both straw and provender abun- 
dant, and a place to pass the night. 
26 And the man bowed his head, and 
worshiped Jehovah. 27 And he said, 
Blessed be Jehovah, God of my mas- 
ter Abraham, who has not let his kind- 
ness and his truth depart from my 
master. I was in the way ; Jehovah 
led me to the house of my master's 
brethren. 28 And the damsel ran, and 
told these things at the house of her 
mother. 

w And Rebekah had a brother, and 
his name was Laban. 30 And Laban 
ran to the man without, to the foun- 
tain. And it came to pass, when he 
saw the ring, and the bracelets on his 



3° 



GENESIS XXIV 



sister's hands, and when he heard the 
words of Rebekah his sister, saying. 
Thus did the man speak to me, that 
he came to the man j and behold, he 
was standing by the camels at the foun- 
tain. 31 And he said, Come in, thou 
blessed of Jehovah. Wherefore dost 
thou stand without? For I have pre- 
pared the house, and a place for the 
camels. 32 And the man came into 
the house. And he ungirded the 
camels, and gave straw and provender 
for the camels, and water to wash his 
feet and the feet of the men that were 
with him. a:f And food was set before 
him. But he said, I will not eat un- 
til I have told my message. 3i And he , 
said. Speak. And he said, I am Abra- ; 
ham's servant. ^And Jehovah has 
blessed my master exceedingly, and 
he is become great ; and he has given 
him flocks and herds, and silver and 
gold, and men-servants and maid-ser- 
vants, and camels, and asses. 36 And 
Sarah, my master's wife, bore a son 
to my master after she became old ; j 
and he has given him all that he lias. 
"And my master made me swear, 
saying, Thou shalt not take a wife for j 
my son of the daughters of the Ca- 
naanites, in whose land I dwell. 38 But 
thou shalt go to my father's house, | 
and to my family, and take a wife for 
my son. ^And I said to my master. 
Perhaps the woman will not follow 
me. *°And he said to me, Jehovah, 
before whom I walk, will send his 
angel with thee, and will prosper thy 
way ; and thou shalt take a wife for my 
son of my family, and of my father's 
house. 41 Then shalt thou be clear 
from my oath, when thou comest to 
my family ; and if they will not give 
her to thee, thou shalt be clear from 
my oath. 42 And I came this day to 
the fountain ; and I said, Jehovah, 
God of my master Abraham, if now 
thou wouldst prosper my way on 



which 1 go ! 43 Behold, I stand by 
the fountain of water ; and it shall 
be, that the virgin who comes forth 
to draw water, and I say to her, Let 
me, I pray, drink a little water from 
thy pitcher ; "and she shall say to 
me, Drink thou, and I will draw for 
thy camels also ; she is the woman 
whom Jehovah has appointed for my 
master's son. 45 Before I had done 
speaking in my heart, behold, Re- 
bekah came forth, and her pi teller 
was on her shoulder ; and she went 
down to the fountain, and drew water. 
And I said to her, Let me drink, I 
pray. 46 And she hasted, and letdown 
her pitcher from on her, and said. 
Drink, and I will give thy camels 
drink also. And I drank, and she 
gave the camels drink also. f? And I 
asked her, and said. Whose daughter 
art thou ? And she said, The daugh- 
ter of Bethuel, son of Nahor, whom 
Mileah bore to him. And I put the 
ring upon her lace, and the bracelets 
upon her hands. w And I bowed my 
head, and worshiped Jehovah ; and 1 
blessed Jehovah, God of my master 
Abraham, who led me by a true way 
to take the daughter of my master's 
brother for his son. 4<J And now, if 
ye will deal kindly and truly with my 
master, tell me ; and if not, tell me ; 
that I may turn to the right hand, or 
to the left. 50 And Laban and Be- 
thuel answered and said, The thing 
proceeds from Jehovah ; we can not 
speak to thee evil or good. 51 Behold, 
Rebekah is before thee ; take her. 
and go, and let her be the wife of thy 
master's son, as Jehovah has spoken. 

62 And it came to pass, when Abra- 
ham's servant heard their words, that 
he bowed down to Jehovah, to the 
earth. u And the servant brought out 
articles of silver, and articles of gold, 
and garments, and gave them to Re- 
bekah. And he gave precious things 



3i 



GENESIS XXV 



to her brother and to her mother. 
64 And they ate and drank, he and the 
men that were with him, and passed 
the night. 

And they rose up in the morning, 
and he said, Send me away to my 
master. 55 And her brother and her 
mother said, Let the damsel abide 
with us some days, perhaps ten ; after 
that she shall go. 56 And he said to 
them, Delay me not, since Jehovah 
has prospered my way. Send me 
away, that I may go to my master. 
67 And they said, We will call the 
damsel, and inquire at her mouth. 
5K And they called Rebekah, and said 
to her, Wilt thou go with this man ? 
And she said, I will go. 59 And they 
sent away Rebekah their sister, and 
her nurse, and the servant of Abra- 
ham, and his men. ^And they 
blessed Rebekah, and said to her, 
Our sister, do thou become thousands 
of ten thousands, and let thy seed 
possess the gate of those who hate 
thee. 61 And Rebekah arose, and her 
maidens, and they rode on the camels, 
and followed the man. And the ser- 
vant took Rebekah, and went. 

62 And Isaac had come from a jour- 
ney to Beer-lehai-roi ; and he was 
dwelling in the south country. 63 And 
Isaac went out to meditate in the field 
at the coming on of evening. And he 
lifted up his eyes, and saw, and be- 
hold, camels coming. 64 And Rebekah 
lifted up her eyes, and saw Isaac ; and 
she alighted from the camel. 65 And 
she said to the servant, Who is this 
man that is walking in the field to 
U*? And the servant said, It is 
my in. Mer. And she took the veil 
and covered herself. ** And the serv- 
ant related to Isaac all the things that 
id done. 

''And Esasc brought her into the 

of Sarah his mother. And he 

took Rebekah, and she became his 



wife; and he loved her. And Isaac 
consoled himself after the death of 
his mother. 

CHAPTER XXV 

I And again Abraham took a wife, 
and her name was Keturah. 2 And 
she bore to him Zimran, and Jokshan, 
and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, 
and Shuah. 3 And Jokshan begot 
Sheba and Dedan. And the sons of 
Dedan were Asshurim, and Letushim, 
and Leummim. 4 And the sons of 
Midian : Ephah, and Epher, and 
Hanoch, and Abidah, and Eldaah. 
All these were sons of Keturah. 

5 And Abraham gave all that he 
had to Isaac. 6 And to the sons of 
the concubines that Abraham had 
Abraham gave gifts, and sent them 
away from Isaac his son while he yet 
lived, eastward, to the land of the 
East. 

7 And these are the days of the 
years of Abraham's life which he lived, 
a hundred and seventy-five years. 
8 And Abraham expired, and died in 
a good old age, old and full. And he 
was gathered to his people. 9 And 
Isaac and Ishmael his sons buried him 
in the cave of Machpelah, in the field 
of Ephron son of Zohar the Hittite, 
which is before Mamre ; 10 the field 
that Abraham purchased from the sons 
of Heth. There was Abraham buried, 
and Sarah his wife. 

II And it came to pass after the death 
of Abraham, that God blessed Isaac 
his son. And Isaac dwelt by Beer- 
lehai-roi. 

12 And these are the generations of 
Ishmael, son of Abraham, whom Hagar 
the Egyptian, Sarah's maid-servant, 
bore to Abraham. 13 And these are 
the names of the sons of Ishmael, by 
their names, according to their gener- 
ations : the firstborn of Ishmael, Ne- 
baioth, and Kedar, and Abdeel, and 



3 2 



GENESIS XXVI 



Mibsam, w and Mishma, and Dumah, 
and Massa, 15 Hadad and Temah, Je- 
tur, Naphish, and Kedemah. 16 These 
are the sons of Ishmael, and these are 
their names, by their villages, and by 
their encampments ; twelve princes 
according to their peoples. 

1T And these are the years of the life 
of Ishmael, a hundred and thirty-seven 
years. And he expired, and died, 
and was gathered to his people. 
18 And they dwelt from Havilah to 
Shur, which is before Egypt, as thou 
goest to Assyria. Before the face of 



Esau became a man skilled in hunt- 
ing, a man of the field ; and Jacob 
was a plain man, dwelling in tents. 
28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he 
relished game ; and Rebekah loved 
Jacob. 

29 And Jacob was seething pottage ; 
and Esau came from the field, and he 
was faint. 30 And Esau said to Jacob, 
Give me to eat, I pray thee, of the red, 
that red, for I am faint. Therefore was 
his name called Edom. 31 And Jacob 
said, Sell me this day thy birthright. 
32 And Esau said, Behold, I am about 
to die : and what is that to me, a birth- 



all his brethren he abode. 

19 And these are the generations of i right ! 33 And Jacob said, Swear to 
Isaac, son of Abraham. Abraham | me this day. And he swore to him. 



begot Isaac. 20 And Isaac was forty 
years old when he took Rebekah, 
daughter of Bethuel the Aramite of 
Padan-aram, sister of Laban the 
Aramite, for his wife. 

"And Isaac entreated Jehovah on 
account of his wife, for she was bar- 
ren. And Jehovah was moved by his 
entreaty, and Rebekah his wife con- 
ceived. 

"And the children struggled to- 
gether within her. And she said, If 
so, wherefore am I thus? And she 
went to inquire of Jehovah. 23 And 
Jehovah said to her, Two nations are 
in thy womb, and two peoples from 
thy bowels will be separated; and one 



And he sold his birthright to Jacob. 
34 And Jacob gave Esau bread and 
pottage of lentiles. And he ate and 
drank, and rose up, and went his way. 
And Esau despised the birthright. 

CHAPTER XXVI 

1 And there was a famine in the land, 
besides the first famine that was in 
the days of Abraham. And Isaac 
went to Abimelech, king of the Phil- 
istines, to Gerar. 

2 And Jehovah appeared to him, 
and said, Go not down to Egypt ; 
dwell in the land of which I tell thee. 
3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be 
with thee and will bless thee ; for to 

people will be stronger than the other I thee and to thy seed I will give all 
people ; and the elder will serve the | these lands ; and I will establish the 
younger. i oath which I swore to Abraham thy 

24 And her days to be delivered j father. * And I will multiply thy seed 
were completed ; and behold, there as the stars of the heavens, and will 
were twins in her womb. 25 And the give to thy seed all these lands ; and 
first came out red, all over like a hairy in thy seed shall all the nations of the 
mantle; and they called his name i earth be blessed. 5 Because Abraham 
Esau. 26 And after that came out his hearkened to my voice, and kept my 
brother, and his hand had hold of, charge, my commandments, my stat- 
Esau's heel ; and his name was called ! utes, and my laws. 6 And Isaac dwelt 
Jacob. And Isaac was sixty years old j in Gerar. 7 And the men of the place 
when they were born. I asked concerning his wife. And he said, 

27 And the lads grew up. And I She is my sister ; for he feared to say, 

3 . 33 



GENESIS XXVI 



My wife, lest the men of the place kill 
me on account of Rebekah. For she 
was of fair countenance. 

8 And it came to pass that he was 
there a long time. And Abimelech, 
king of the Philistines, looked out at 
the window, and saw, and behold, 
Isaac was sporting with Rebekah his 
wife. 9 And Abimelech called Isaac, 
and said, Behold, she is surely thy 
wife ; and how saidst thou, She is my 
sister? And Isaac said to him, Be- 
cause I said, lest I die on account of 
her. 10 And Abimelech said, What is 
this that thou hast done to us ? Well- 
nigh had one of the people lain with 
thy wife, and thou wouldst have 
brought a trespass upon us. n And 
Abimelech charged all the people, 
saying, He that touches this man or 
his wife shall surely be put to death. 

'-' And Isaac sowed in that land ; 
and he received in that year a hun- 
dred-fold ; and Jehovah blessed him. 
u And the man became great, and 
went on increasing until he became 
very great. M And he had possessions 
of flocks, and possessions of herds, 
and many servants. And the Philis- 
tines were jealous of him. 15 And 
all the wells that his father's servants 
had dug in the days of Abraham his 
father, the Philistines stopped, and 
filled them with earth. 

16 And Abimelech said to Isaac, Go 
from us : for thou art much stronger 
than we. 1T And Isaac went thence, 
and pitched his tent in the valley of 
Gerar, and dwelt there. 18 And Isaac 
dug again the wells of water that they 
had dug in the days of Abraham his 
father ; for the Philistines stopped 
them after the death of Abraham ; 
and he called their names after the 
fa by which his father called them, 
19 And the servants of Isaac dug in the 
valley, and found there a well of living 
water. " And the herdsmen of Gerar 



strove with the herdsmen of Isaac, 
saying, The water is ours. And he 
called the name of the well Esek ; 
because they disputed with him. 
21 And they dug another well ; and 
they strove for that also ; and he called 
the name of it Sitnah. 22 And he 
moved onward thence, and dug 
another well ; and for that they did 
not strive. And he called the name 
of it Rehoboth, and said, For now 
Jehovah has made room for us, and 
we shall be fruitful in the land. 23 And 
he went up thence to Beer-sheba. 

24 And Jehovah appeared to him on 
that night, and said, I am the God of 
Abraham thy father. Fear not, for I 
am with thee ; and I will bless thee, 
and will multiply thy seed, for the sake 
of Abraham, my servant. 25 And he 
built there an altar, and called on the 
name of Jehovah. And he stretched 
his tent there ; and there the servants 
of Isaac dug a well. 

26 And Abimelech went to him from 
Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and 
Phichol chief captain of his host. 

27 And Isaac said to them, Wherefore 
do ye come to me, when ye hate me, 
and have sent me away from you ? 

28 And they said, We saw certainly that 
Jehovah was with thee ; and we said, 
Let there be now an oath between us, 
between us and thee, and let us make 
a covenant with thee, 29 that thou wilt 
do us no evil, as we have not touched 
thee, and as we have done thee only 
good, and have sent thee away in 
peace. Thou art now blessed of Je- 
hovah. *° And he made them a feast ; 
and they ate and drank. 31 And they 
rose early in the morning, and they 
swore one to another. And Isaac sent 
them away, and they went from him 
in peace. 32 And it came to pass on 
that day that the servants of Isaac 
came, and told him concerning the 
well which they had dug. And they 



34 



GENESIS XXVII 



said to him, We have found water. 
33 And he called it Shebah. Therefore 
the name of the city is Beer-sheba to 
this day. 

:u And Esau was forty years old ; 
and he took for a wife Judith the 
daughter of Been the Hittite, and 
Bashemath the daughter of Elon the 
Hittite. 35 And they were a bitterness 
of spirit to Isaac and Rebekah. 

CHAPTER XXVII 

x And it came to pass, when Isaac 
was old, that his eyes were dim, so 
that he could not see. And he called 
Esau his eldest son, and said to him, 
My son ! And he said to him, Here 
am I. And he said, Behold now, 
I am old ; I know not the day of my 
death. 3 Now therefore take, I pray, 
thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, 
and go out to the field, and hunt 
game for me. 4 And make for me 
savory meats, such as I love, and 
bring them to me that I may eat ; in 
order that my soul may bless thee be- 
fore I die. 

5 And Rebekah was listening when 
Isaac spoke to Esau his son. And 
Esau went to the field to hunt for 
game, to bring it. 
spoke to Jacob her 
hold, I heard thy father speaking to 
Esau thy brother, saying, 7 Bring me 
game, and make for me savory meats 
that I may eat ; and I will bless thee 
before Jehovah before my death. 
8 Now therefore, my son, hearken to 
my voice in regard to what I command 
thee. 9 Go now to the flock, and take 
for me thence two good kids of the 
goats ; and I will make them savory 
meats for thy father, such as he loves. 
10 And thou shalt bring it to thy father 
that he may eat ; in order that he may 
bless thee before his death. ll And 
Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, 
Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy 



*And Rebekah 
saying, Be- 



so n. 



man, and I am a smooth man. M Per- 
haps my father will feel of me, and 1 
shall be in his eyes as a mocker ; and 
I shall bring upon me a curse, and not 
a blessing. 13 And his mother said to 
him, Upon me be thy curse, my son ; 
only hearken to my voice, and go take 
them for me. u And he went, and 
took them, and brought them to his 
mother. And his mother made savory 
meats such as his father loved. 

15 And Rebekah took the garments 
of Esau her eldest son, the precious 
ones, which were with her in the house, 
and clothed Jacob her younger son. 

16 And the skins of the kids of the 
goats she put upon his hands, and 
upon the smooth parts of his neck. 

17 And she gave the savory meats and 
the bread, which she prepared, into 
the hand of Jacob her son. 18 And he 
came to his father, and said. My 
father ! And he said, Here am I. 
Who art thou, my son? 19 And Jacob 
said to his father, I am Esau, thy first- 
bom. I have done as thou didst say 
to me. Arise, I pray, sit and eat of 
my game, in order that thy soul may 
bless me. a0 And Isaac said to his 
son, How is this that thou hast found 
it so quickly, my son? And he said, 
Because Jehovah thy God prospered 
me. 21 And Isaac said to Jacob, Come 
near now that I may feel of thee, my 
son, whether thou art my very son 
Esau or not. n And Jacob came near 
to Isaac his father ; and he felt of 
him, and said, The voice is the voice 
of Jacob, but the hands are the hands 
of Esau. 23 And he discerned him 
not, because his hands were as the 
hands of Esau his brother, hairy ; 
and he blessed him. H And he said, 
Art thou my very son Esau ? And he 
said, I am. 25 And he said, Bring it 
near to me that I may eat of my son's 
game, in order that my soul may bless 
thee. And he brought it near to him, 



35 



GENESIS XXVII 



and he ate ; and he brought him wine, 
and he drank. 26 And Isaac his father 
said to him, Come near now, and kiss 
me, my son. "And he came near, 
and kissed him. And he smelled the 
smell of his garments, and blessed 
him, and said, 

See, the smell of my son is as the 

smell of a field 
Which Jehovah has blessed. 
"And God give thee of the dew 
of heaven, 
And of the fatness of the earth, 
And abundance of corn and new 
wine. 
*• Let peoples serve thee, 
And nations bow down to thee. 
Be lord of thy brethren, 
And let thy mother's sons bow 

down to thee. 
Cursed be every one that curses 

thee, 
And blessed be every one that 
blesses thee. 
80 And it came to pass, when Isaac 
made an end of blessing Jacob, and 
Jacob was but just gone out from the 
presence of Isaac his father, that Esau 
his brother came from his hunting. 
81 And he also made savory meats, 
and brought them to his father. And 
he said to his father, Let my father 
arise and eat of his son's game, in 
order that thy soul may bless me. 
"And Isaac his father said to him, 
Who art thou ? And he said, I am 
thy son, thy first-born, Esau. 33 And 
Isaac trembled with exceedingly great 
trembling. And he said, Who then 
is he that hunted game, and brought 
it to me, and I ate of all before thou 
earnest, and blessed him? Yea, 
led shall he be ! 3 *When Esau 
heard the words of his father, he 
cried with a great and exceedingly 
bitter cry. And he said to his father, 
n me, me also, my father. 35 And 
lie said, Thy brother came with deceit, 



his 



the 



and took thy blessing. 36 And he said, 
Is not his name called Jacob? And 
he has supplanted me these two times. 
He took my birthright ; and, behold, 
now he has taken my blessing. And 
he said, Hast thou not reserved for 
me a blessing ? 37 And Isaac answered 
and said to Esau, Behold, I have 
made him thy lord, and all his brethren 
have I given to him for servants, and 
with corn and new wine have I sus- 
tained him. And now what can I do 
for thee, my son ? 38 And Esau said 
to his father, Hast thou but one bless- 
ing, my father? Bless me, me also, 
my father. And Esau lifted up his 
voice, and wept. 39 And Isaac 
father answered and said to him, 

Behold, from the fatness of 
earth shall be thy dwelling, 

And from the dew of heaven from 
above. 
40 And by thy sword thou shalt live, 

And thy brother shalt thou serve. 

And it shall be, as thou rovest at 
will, 

Thou wilt break his yoke from off 
thy neck. 
"And Esau purposed evil against 
Jacob, on account of- the blessing with 
which his father blessed him. And 
Esau said in his heart, The days of 
mourning for my father are at hand, 
and I will slay Jacob my brother. 
42 And the words of Esau her eldest 
son were told to Rebekah. And she 
sent and called Jacob her younger 
son, and said to him, Behold, Esau 
thy brother is about to avenge himself 
on thee, by slaying thee. 43 Now 
therefore, my son, hearken to my 
voice, and arise, flee to Laban my 
brother, to Haran, "and abide with 
him a few days, until thy brother's 
fury turn away ; * 5 until thy brother's 
anger turn away from thee, and 
he forget what thou hast done to him, 
and I will send and bring thee thence. 

36 



GENESIS XXVIII 






Why should I be deprived of you both 
together in one day ? 

46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am 
weary of my life because of the 
daughters of Heth. If Jacob takes a 
wife of the daughters of Heth, such 
as these of the daughters of the land, 
for what to me is life ! 

CHAPTER XXVIII 

1 And Isaac called Jacob and blessed 
him ; and he commanded him, and 
said to him, Thou shalt not take a 
wife of the daughters of Canaan. 
2 Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the 
house of Bethuel thy mother's 
father, and take for thee a wife 
thence of the daughters of Laban 
thy mother's brother. 3 And God 
Almighty bless thee, and make thee 
fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou 
mayest become an assemblage of 
peoples; 4 and give to thee the bless- 
ing of Abraham, to thee and to thy 
seed with thee, that thou mayest pos- 
sess the land of thy sojournings, which 
God gave to Abraham. 5 And Isaac 
sent away Jacob. And he went to 
Padan-aram, to Laban son of Bethuel 
the Aramite, brother of Rebekah the 
mother of Jacob and Esau. 

6 And Esau saw that Isaac blessed 
Jacob, and sent him away to Padan- 
aram to take for himself a wife thence, 
when he blessed him, and commanded 
him, saying, Thou shalt not take a 
wife of the daughters of Canaan, 
7 and Jacob hearkened to his father 
and to his mother, and went to 
Padan-aram. 8 And Esau saw that 
the daughters of Canaan were evil in 
the eyes of Isaac his father. 9 And 
Esau went to Ishmael and took, in 
addition to his wives, Mahalath daugh- 
ter of Ishmael Abraham's son, a sister 
of Nebaioth, to be his wife. 

10 And Jacob went forth from Beer- 
sheba, and went toward Haran. 



11 And he lighted upon a certain place, 
and passed the night there, because 
the sun was setting. And he took one 
of the stones of the place and put it 
under his head ; and he lay down in 
that place. 12 And he dreamed ; and 
behold a ladder set up on the earth, 
its top reaching to heaven ; and be- 
hold angels of God ascending and 
descending on it. 13 And behold, 
Jehovah standing above it ; and he 
said, I am Jehovah, the God of Abra- 
ham thy father, and the God of Isaac. 
The land whereon thou liest, to 
thee will I give it and to thy seed. 

14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of 
the earth ; and thou shalt spread 
abroad, to the west and to the east, 
and to the north and to the south ; 
and in thee shall all the families of 
the earth be blessed, and in thy seed. 

15 And behold, I am with thee, and 
will keep thee in all the way that thou 
goest, and will bring thee back to this 
land ; for I will not leave thee until I 
have done what I have spoken to 
thee. 16 And Jacob awoke from his 
sleep. And he said, Surely Jehovah 
is in this place ; and I knew it not. 
"And he was afraid, and said, How 
dreadful is this place ! This is no 
other than the house of God, and 
this is the gate of heaven. 

18 And Jacob rose early in the 
morning, and took the stone that he 
put under his head, and set it for a 
pillar, and poured oil on the top of it. 
"And he called the name of that 
place Bethel. But Luz was the name 
of the city at the first. 20 And Jacob 
vowed a vow, saying, If God will be 
with me, and keep me in this way 
that I am going, and will give me 
bread to eat, and raiment to put on, 
21 and I return in peace to my father's 
house, then shall Jehovah be my 
God ; M and this stone, which I set 
for a pillar, shall be a house of God, 



37 



GENESIS XXIX 



and of all that thou givest me I will 
surely give the tenth to thee. 

CHAPTER XXIX 

1 And Jacob lifted up his feet, and 
went to the land of the sons of the East. 
3 And he saw, and behold, a well in the 
field ; and behold, there three droves 
of sheep lying by it, for out of that 
well they watered the droves. And the 
stone on the mouth of the well was 
great. 3 And thither would all the 
droves be gathered ; and they would 
roll the stone from the mouth of the 
well and water the sheep, and put back 
the stone on the mouth of the well, in 
its place. * And Jacob said to them, 
My brethren, whence are ye ? And 
they said, We are from Haran. 6 And 
he said to them, Do ye know Laban 
son of Nahor? And they said, We 
know him. 'And he said to them, Is 
he well ? And they said, He is well ; 
and behold, Rachel his daughter is 
coming with the sheep. 'And he 
said, Behold, it is yet high day ; it is not 
time that the cattle should be gath- 
ered together. Water the sheep, and 
go feed them. 8 And they said, We 
can not until all the droves are gath- 
ered together, and they roll the stone 
from the mouth of the well, and we 
water the sheep. 9 And while he was 
yet speaking with them, Rachel came 
with her father's sheep ; for she kept 
them. I0 And it came to pass, when 
Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of 
Laban his mother's brother, and the 
sheep of Laban his mother's brother, 
that Jacob came near and rolled the 
stone from the mouth of the well, and 

red the flock of Laban his moth- 
brother. " And Jacob kissed 
Ka< hel, and lifted up his voice and 
•a<-|,L ,2 And Jacob told Rachel that 

m her f.i titer's brother, and that 
lie was Kebekah's son. And she ran 
and told lui father. 



13 And it came to pass, when Laban 
heard the tidings of Jacob his sister's 
son, that he ran to meet him, and 
embraced him, and kissed him, and 
brought him to his house. And he 
related all these things to Laban. 
u And Laban said to him, Surely thou 
art my bone and my flesh. And he 
abode with him a month of days. 
15 And Laban said to Jacob, Because 
thou art my brother, shouldst thou 
therefore serve me for nothing? Tell 
me, what shall be thy wages ? 16 And 
Laban had two daughters. The name 
of the elder was Leah, and the name 
of the younger was Rachel. 17 And 
Leah's eyes were weak; but Rachel 
was of beautiful form, and of beauti- 
ful countenance. 18 And Jacob loved 
Rachel ; and he said, I will serve thee 
seven years for Rachel thy younger 
daughter. 19 And Laban said, It is 
better that I give her to thee, than 
that I should give her to another 
man. Abide with me. 20 And Jacob 
served for Rachel seven years. And 
they were in his eyes as a few days, 
for the love he had for her. 

21 And Jacob said to Laban, Give 
me my wife, for my days are com- 
pleted, that I may go in to her. 
22 And Laban gathered together all 
the men of the place, and made a 
feast. 23 And it came to pass in the 
evening, that he took Leah his 
daughter, and brought her to him • 
and he went in to her. a * And Laban 
gave her Zilpah his maid-servant, as a 
maid-servant to Leah his daughter. 
25 And it came to pass, that in the 
morning, behold, it was Leah, And 
he said to Laban, What is this thou 
hast done to me ? Was it not for 
Rachel that I served with thee ? 
Wherefore then hast thou deceived 
me ? 26 And Laban said, It must not 
be so done in our place, to give the 
younger before the firstborn. 2T Coni- 



38 



GENESIS XXX 



plete this one's week ; and we will 
give thee this one also, for the service 
which thou shalt serve with me yet 
seven other years. 28 And Jacob did 
so, and completed her week : and he 
gave him Rachel his daughter for his 
wife. - 9 And Laban gave to Rachel 
his daughter Bilhah his maid-servant 
to be her maid-servant. 30 And he 
went in also to Rachel ; and he loved 
Rachel more than Leah. And he 
served with him yet seven other 
years. 

31 And Jehovah saw that Leah was 
hated, and he opened her womb ; 
and Rachel was barren. 3 ~ And Leah 
conceived, and bore a son, and she 
called his name Reuben. For she 
said, Jehovah has looked on my 
affliction ; for now my husband will 
love me. 33 And she conceived again, 
and bore a son. And she said, Je- 
hovah has heard that I am hated, and 
he has given me this one also ; and 
she called his name Simeon. 3 *And 
she conceived again, and bore a son ; 
and she said, Now this time will my 
husband be joined to me, because I 
have borne him three sons. There- 
fore was his name called Levi. 35 And 
she conceived again, and bore a son ; 
and she said, Now will I praise Jeho- 
vah. Therefore she called his name 
Judah. And she ceased from bearing. 

CHAPTER XXX 

*And Rachel saw that she bore no 
children to Jacob. And Rachel en- 
vied her sister ; and she said to Jacob, 
Give me children, or else I die. 2 And 
Jacob's anger was kindled against 
Rachel ; and he said, Am I in place 
of God who has withheld from thee 
the fruit of the womb? 3 And she 
said, Behold, my handmaid Bilhah ; 
go in to her, and she shall bear upon 
my knees, that I also may be built up 
from her. * And she gave him Bilhah 



her maid-servant for a wife ; and 
Jacob went in to her. 

5 And Bilhah conceived, and bore 
a son to Jacob. 6 And Rachel said, 
God has judged me, and has also 
heard my voice and given me a son. 
Therefore she called his name Dan. 
7 And Bilhah, Rachel's maid-servant, 
conceived again, and bore a second 
son to Jacob. 8 And Rachel said, 
With wrestlings of God have I wrestled 
with my sister ; yea, I have prevailed. 
And she called his name Naphtali. 

9 And Leah saw that she had ceased 
from bearing ; and she took Zilpah 
her maid-servant and gave her to 
Jacob for a wife. 10 And Zilpah, 
Leah's maid-servant, bore a son to 
Jacob. u And Leah said, Good for- 
tune ! And she called his name Gad. 
12 And Zilpah, Leah's maid-servant, 
bore a second son to Jacob. 13 And 
Leah said, Happy am I ! For the 
daughters will call me happy. And 
she called his name Asher. 

14 And Reuben went in the days of 
wheat-harvest and found mandrakes 
in the field, and brought them to 
Leah his mother. And Rachel said 
to Leah, Give me, I pray, of thy 
son's mandrakes. 15 And she said to 
her, Is it a small matter that thou hast 
taken my husband, and wouldst thou 
take my son's mandrakes also ? And 
Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie 
with thee to-night for thy son's man- 
drakes. 16 And Jacob came from the 
field in the evening. And Leah went 
out to meet him, and said, Thou 
must come in to me ; for surely I 
have hired thee with my son's man- 
[ drakes. And he lay with her that 
j night. " And God hearkened to 
Leah ; and she conceived, and bore a 
fifth son to Jacob. 18 And Leah said, 
God has given my reward, because I 
gave my maid-servant to my husband. 
And she called his name Issachar. 



39 



GENESIS XXX 



19 And Leah conceived again, and 
bore a sixth son to Jacob. 20 And 
Leah said, God has endowed me with 
a good dowry. Now will my husband 
dwell with me, because I have borne 
him six sons. And she called his 
name Zebulun. 21 And afterward she 
bore a daughter ; and she called her 
name Dinah. 

" And God remembered Rachel ; 
and God hearkened to her, and 
opened her womb. 23 And she con- 
ceived, and bore a son ; and she said, 
God has taken away my reproach. 
"And she called his name Joseph, 
saying, Jehovah add to me another 
son! 

25 And it came to pass when Rachel 
had borne Joseph, that Jacob said 
to Laban, Send me away, and let me 
go to my place and to my land. 
n Give me my wives and my children 
for whom I have served thee, and let 
me go ; for thou thyself knowest my 
service with which I have served thee. 
"And Laban said to him, If now I 
have found favor in thine eyes ! I 
have divined that Jehovah blessed me 
on thy account. 28 And he said, 
Name to me thy wages, and I will 
give it. w And he said to him, Thou 
thyself knowest how I have served 
thee, and how thy cattle have been 
with me. ^For it was little which 
thou hadst before I came, and it in- 
creased to a multitude ; and Jehovah 
has blessed thee at my footstep ; and 
now, when shall I also do aught for 
my own house ? 31 And he said, 
What shall I give thee ? And Jacob 
said, Thou shalt not give me any- 
thing. If thou wilt do for me this 
thing, I will again feed thy flock and 
keep it. S2 1 will pass through all thy 
flock to-day, removing thence every 
one that is speckled and spotted, and 
every one that is brown among the 
sheep and spotted and speckled among 



the goats. And such shall be my 
wages. "And my righteousness shall 
answer for me in time to come, when 
it shall come before thee concern- 
ing my wages ; every one that is 
not speckled and spotted among the 
goats and brown among the sheep, 
that shall be stolen with me. u And 
Laban said, Behold, let it be accord- 
ing to thy word. 

35 And he removed on that day the 
he-goats that were striped and spotted, 
and all the she-goats that were speckled 
and spotted, every one in which there 
was any white, and all the brown 
among the sheep, and gave them into 
the hand of his sons. 36 And he put 
three days' journey between himself 
and Jacob ; and Jacob fed the flock 
of Laban that remained. 

87 And Jacob took rods of green 
poplar, and hazel, and plane-tree, and 
peeled white streaks in them, laying 
bare the white that was on the rods. 

38 And the rods which he peeled he 
placed in the troughs, the watering- 
troughs of water where the flocks 
came to drink, before the flocks. 

39 And they conceived when they came 
to drink. And the flocks conceived 
before the rods ; and they brought 
forth striped, speckled, and spotted. 

40 And the lambs Jacob separated ; 
and he set the face of the flock 
toward the striped and all the brown, 
in the flock of Laban. And he put 
his own droves by themselves, and 
put them not to the flock of Laban. 

41 And it came to pass, that whenever 
the flocks that were strong conceived, 
Jacob laid the rods before the eyes of 
the flocks in the troughs, that they 

| might conceive by the rods. "And 
| when the flocks were feeble, he laid 
! them not ; and the feebler were La- 
. ban's, and the stronger Jacob's. 
, * 3 And the man increased exceedingly j 
and he had numerous flocks, and 



40 



GENESIS XXXI 



maid-servants, and men-servants, and 
camels, and asses. 

CHAPTER XXXI 

*And he heard the words of La- 
ban's sons, saying, Jacob has taken all 
that belonged to our father ; and of 
that which belonged to our father has 
he made all this wealth. 3 And Jacob 
saw the countenance of Laban, and 
behold, it was not toward him as 
formerly. 

8 And Jehovah said to Jacob, Re- 
turn to the land of thy fathers, and 
to thy kindred ; and I will be with 
thee. *And Jacob sent and called 
Rachel and Leah to the field, to his 
flock. 6 And he said to them, I see 
your father's countenance, that it is 
not toward me as formerly. But the 
God of my father has been with me. 
6 And ye yourselves know that with 
all my power I have served your 
father. T And your father has de- 
ceived me, and changed my wages ten 
times ; but God suffered him not to 
do me harm. 8 If he said thus, The 
speckled shall be thy wages, then all 
the flock bore speckled. And if he 
said thus, The striped shall be thy 
wages, then all the flock bore striped. 
• And God took away the cattle of 
your father, and gave them to me. 
10 And it came to pass at the time that 
the flock conceived, that I lifted up 
my eyes, and saw in a dream, and be- 
hold, the he-goats that leaped upon 
the flock were striped, speckled, and 
piebald. n And the angel of God 
said to me in a dream, Jacob ! And 
I said, Here am I. "And he said, 
Lift up now thine eyes, and see all 
the he-goats that leap upon the flock, 
striped, speckled, and piebald ; for I 
have seen all that Laban does to thee. 
18 1 am the God of Bethel, where thou 
didst anoint a pillar, where thou didst 
vow to me a vow. Now arise, go 



forth from the land, and return to the 
land of thy kindred. 14 And Rachel 
and Leah answered and said to him, 
Have we yet any portion or inherit- 
ance in our father's house? 15 Are 
we not regarded by him as aliens ? 
For he has sold us, and has also quite 
devoured our money. ,6 For all the 
wealth which God has taken from uur 
father, that is ours and our children's. 
Now then, all that God has said to 
thee, do. 

17 And Jacob rose up, and set his 
sons and his wives upon the camels. 
18 And he brought away all his cattle, 
and all his goods which he had gath- 
ered, the cattle of his getting, which 
he had gathered in Padan-aram, to go 
to Isaac his father, to the land of 
Canaan. 19 And Laban had gone to 
shear his sheep ; and Rachel stole the 
teraphim that belonged to her father. 

30 And Jacob stole away unawares to 
Laban the Aramite, in that he told 
him not that he was about to flee. 

31 And he fled, he and all that he had. 
And he rose up, and passed over the 
river ; and he set his face toward 
mount Gilead. 

"And it was told Laban on the 
J third day that Jacob had fled, f And 
i he took his brethren with him, and 
| pursued after him seven days' jour- 
| ney ; and he overtook him in mount 
: Gilead. 24 And God came to Laban 
I the Aramite in a dream by night, and 
said to him, Take heed to thyself, that 
| thou speak not to Jacob either good 
or bad. 25 And Laban came up with 
! Jacob. And Jacob pitched his tent 
in the mountain ; and Laban with his 
brethren pitched in mount Gilead. 
j 26 And Laban said to Jacob, What 
hast thou done, that thou didst steal 
away unawares to me, and bear off 
my daughters as captives of the sword? 
37 Wherefore didst thou flee away se- 
cretly, and steal away from me? 



4i 



GENESIS XXXI 



And thou didst not tell me, that I 
might send thee away with mirth and 
songs, with tabret and harp ; 28 and 
didst not suffer me to kiss my sons 
and my daughters. Now hast thou 
done foolishly. 29 It is in the power of 
my hand to do you harm. But the 
God of your father spoke to me yes- 
ternight, saying, Take heed to thyself, 
that thou speak not to Jacob either 
good or bad. ^And now, if thou 
wouldst needs go, because thou greatly 
longedst for thy father's house, where- 
fore didst thou steal my gods ? 31 xAnd 
Jacob answered and said to Laban, 
Because I was afraid ; for I said, Lest 
thou take thy daughters from me by 
force. M With whomsoever thou shalt 
find thy gods, let him not live. Be- 
fore our brethren discern for thyself 
what is with me, and take it to thee. 
For Jacob knew not that Rachel stole 
them. 33 And Laban went into Ja- 
cob's tent, and into Leah's tent, 
and into the tent of the two maid- 
servants, and found them not. And 
he went out of Leah's tent, and came 
into the tent of Rachel. 34 And 
Rachel had taken the teraphim and 
put them in the camel's saddle, and 
sat upon them. And Laban felt 
through all the tent, and found them 
not. :i5 And she said to her father, Let 
it not displease my lord that I can not 
rise up before thee ; for the custom of 
women is upon me. And he searched, 
and found not the teraphim. 

38 And Jacob was angry, and chided 
Laban. And Jacob answered, and 
said to Laban, What is my trespass, 
what is my sin, that thou dost hotly 
pursue after me? 37 For thou hast 
felt through all my goods ; what hast 
thou found of all thy household goods? 
Set it Here before my brethren and 
thy brethren, and they shall judge be- 
D us both. : * These twenty years 
have I been with thee ; thy ewes and 



thy she-goats have not cast their 
young, and the rams of thy flock I 
have not eaten. 39 What was torn by 
beasts I brought not to thee j I my- 
self bore the loss of it. Of my hand 
didst thou require it, what was stolen 
by day, and what was stolen by night. 
40 Thus I was : by day heat consumed 
me, and cold by night ; and my sleep 
fled from my eyes. 41 Thus have I 
been twenty years in thy house. I 
served thee fourteen years for thy two 
daughters, and six years for thy flock ; 
and thou hast changed my wages ten 
times. 42 Unless the God of my 
father, the God of Abraham, and the 
fear of Isaac, had been for me, surely 
thou wouldst now have sent me away 
empty. My affliction and the toil of 
my hands God has seen, and he re- 
buked it yesternight. 

43 And Laban answered, and said to 
Jacob, The daughters are my daugh- 
ters, and the sons are my sons, and 
the flocks are my flocks, and all that 
thou seest, it is mine. And what can 
I do this day for my daughters, for 
these, or for their sons whom they 
have borne? u Now therefore come, 
let us make a covenant, I and thou ; 
and let it be for a witness between me 
and thee. 

45 And Jacob took a stone and set it 
up for a pillar. "And Jacob said to 
his brethren, Gather stones. And 
they took stones and made a heap ; 
and they ate there upon the heap. 
47 And Laban called it Jegar-sahadu- 
tha j and Jacob called it Galeed. 

48 And Laban said, This heap is a 
witness between me and thee this day. 
Therefore its name was called Galeed ; 
49 and Mizpah, for he said, Jehovah 
watch between me and thee, when we 
shall be hidden one from the other. 
50 If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or 
if thou shalt take wives besides my 
daughters, no man being with us j 



42 



GENESIS XXXII 



see, God is witness between me and 
thee. 

51 And Laban said to Jacob, Behold 
this heap, and behold the pillar,, 
which I have cast between me and 
thee. 52 This heap be witness, and 
the pillar be witness, that neither will 
I pass over this heap to thee, nor wilt 
thou pass over this heap and this pillar 
to me, for harm. 53 The God of Abra- 
ham and the God of Nahor shall 
judge between us ; the God of their 
father. And Jacob swore by the fear 
of his father Isaac. 

54 And Jacob offered sacrifice on the 
mountain ; and he called his brethren 
to eat bread. And they ate bread, and 
passed the night in the mountain. 

55 And Laban rose early in the morn- 
ing, and kissed his sons and his daugh- 
ters, and blessed them. And Laban 
went away, and returned to his place. 

CHAPTER XXXII 

1 And Jacob went on his way. And 
angels of God met him. 2 And Jacob 
said, when he saw them, This is God's 
host. And he called the name of 
that place Mahanaim. 

8 And Jacob sent messengers before 
him to Esau his brother, to the land 
of Seir, the country of Edom. 4 And 
he commanded them, saying, Thus 
shall ye say to my lord, to Esau, thy 
servant Jacob says thus, I have so- 
journed with Laban, and remained 
till now. 5 And I have oxen and asses, 
flocks, and men-servants and maid- 
servants ; and I have sent to tell my 
lord, that I may find favor in thy 
sight. 6 And the messengers returned 
to Jacob, saying, We came to thy 
brother, to Esau ; and indeed he is 
coming to meet thee, and four hun- 
dred men with him. T And Jacob 
was greatly afraid, and he was dis- 
tressed. And he divided the people 
that were with him, and the flocks, 



and the herds, and the camels, into 
two bands. 8 And he said, If Esau 
shall come to the one band, and smite 
it, then the other band that is left 
will escape. 

9 And Jacob said, O God of my 
father Abraham, and God of my 
father Isaac, Jehovah, who said to 
me, Return to thy land and to thy 
kindred, and I will deal well with 
thee ; 10 1 am not worthy of the least 
of all the mercies, and of all the truth, 
which thou hast shown to thy servant ; 
for with my staff I passed over this 
Jordan, and now I have become two 
bands. n Deliver me, I pray, from 
the hand of my brother, from the 
hand of Esau ; for I fear him, lest he 
shall come and smite me, the mother 
with the children. "And thou thy- 
self hast said, I will surely deal well 
with thee, and will make thy seed as 
the sand of the sea, which can not be 
numbered for multitude. 

18 And he lodged there that night. 
And he took of that which had come 
into his hand a present for Esau 
his brother : u two hundred she-goats 
and twenty he-goats, two hundred 
ewes and twenty rams, 15 thirty milch 
camels and their colts, forty heifers 
and ten steers, twenty she-asses, and 
ten young asses. u And he gave 
them into the hand of his servants, 
each drove by itself. And he said to 
his servants, Pass over before me, and 
put a space between drove and drove. 
17 And he commanded the foremost, 
saying, When Esau my brother shall 
meet thee, and ask thee, saying, 
Whose art thou, and whither art thou 
going, and whose are these before 
thee? 18 Then thou shalt say, Thy 
servant Jacob's ; it is a present sent 
to my lord, to Esau ; and behold, he 
also is behind us. 19 And he com- 
manded the second, also the third, 
also all that followed the droves, say- 



43 



GENESIS XXXIII 



ing. After this manner shall ye speak to 
Esau, when ye find him. 20 And say also, 
Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. 
For he said, I will appease him with the 
present that goes before me, and after- 
ward I will see his face. Perhaps he 
will accept me. 21 And the present 
went over before him ; and he himself 
lodged that night in the encampment. 
And he rose up that night and took 
his two wives, and his two maid-serv- 
ants, and his eleven sons, and passed 
over the ford of Jabbok. 23 And he 
took them and sent them over the 
brook, and sent over that which he had. 
- 4 And Jacob was left alone. And 
a man wrestled with him till the rising 
of the dawn. 25 And he saw that he 
prevailed not against him ; and he 
touched the hollow of his thigh, and 
the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out 
of joint as he wrestled with him. 26 And 
he said, Let me go, for the dawn is 
rising. And he said, I will not let 
thee go except thou bless me. 27 And 
he said to him, What is thy name ? 
And he said, Jacob. 28 And he said, 
Thy name shall no more be called 
Jacob, but Israel ; for thou hast 
striven with God, and with men, and 
hast prevailed. 29 And Jacob asked 
and said, Tell, I pray, thy name. 
And he said, Wherefore is this, that 
thou askest for my name? And he 
blessed him there. 30 And Jacob 
called the name of the place Peniel ; 
for I have seen God face to face, and 
my soul was delivered. 31 And the 
sun rose upon him as he passed over 
l'enuel. And he limped on his thigh. 
" Therefore the children of Israel do 
not eat of the sinew of the thigh, which 
is on the hollow of the thigh, to this 
day ; because he touched the hollow of 
Jacob's thigh, the sinew of the thigh. 

CHAPTER XXXIII 
1 And Jacob lifted up his eyes and 



saw, and behold, Esau was coming, 
and with him four hundred men. 
And he divided the children to Leah, 
and to Rachel, and to the two maid- 
servants. 2 And he put the maid- 
servants and their children foremost, 
and Leah and her children after, and 
Rachel and Joseph last. 3 And he 
himself passed on before them j and 
he bowed himself to the earth seven 
times, until he came near to his 
brother. *And Esau ran to meet 
him, and embraced him, and fell on 
his neck, and kissed him ; and they 
wept. 5 And he lifted up his eyes, 
and saw the women and the children ; 
and he said, W T ho are these to thee ? 
And he said, The children whom God 
has graciously given thy servant. 
6 And the maid-servants came near, 
they and their children, and they 
bowed themselves. 7 And Leah also 
and her children came near, and 
bowed themselves. And afterward 
Joseph and Rachel came near, and 
bowed themselves. 8 And he said, 
What meanest thou by all this drove 
that I met? And he said, To find 
favor in the sight of my lord. 9 And 
Esau said, I have abundance, my 
brother 
thyself. 

pray, if now I have found favor in thy 
sight, take my present from my hand ; 
for therefore have I seen thy face, as 
if I saw the face of God, and thou 
wast favorable to me. n Take, I pray, 
my blessing that is brought to thee ; 
because God has dealt graciously with 
me, and because I have all. And he 
pressed him, and he took it. 

12 And he said, Let us break up and 
go, and I will go before thee. 18 And 
he said to him, My lord knows that 
the children are tender, and the flocks 
and herds that give suck are with me j 
and if they drive them hard one day, 
all the flock will die. u Let my lord, 



; keep what thou hast for 
10 And Jacob said, Nay, " 



44 



GENESIS XXXIV 



I pray, pass on before his servant ; it. And the men were grieved, and 
and I will lead on in my slow way , they were very angry, because he com- 
at the pace of the cattle that are be- 1 mitted folly in Israel in lying with 
fore me, and at the pace of the chil- 1 the daughter of Jacob ; and such a 
dren, until I shall come to my lord, to : thing should not be done. 
Seir. "And Esau said, Let me now 8 And Hamor talked with them, say- 
leave with thee some of the people ing, The soul of Shechem my son 
who are about me. And he said, I longs for your daughter. I pray you, 
What need of this ? Let me find , give her to him for a wife. ' And 
favor in the sight of my lord. make marriages with us j give your 

16 And Esau returned that day on daughters to us, and take our daugh- 
his way to Seir. "And Jacob re- ! ters for you. "And ye shall dwell 
moved to Succoth j and he built for with us, and the land shall be before 
himself a house, and for his cattle he you ; dwell, and traffic therein, and 
made booths. Therefore the name ■ get possessions therein. " And She- 
of the place is called Succoth. chem said to her father and to her 

"And Jacob came safe to the city t brothers, Let me find favor in your 
of Shechem, which is in the land of I eyes, and what ye shall say to me I 
Canaan, when he came from Padan- will give. " Lay upon me ever so 
aram ; and he pitched his tent before much purchase-money and gift, and I 
the city. "And he bought the part ' will give as ye shall say to me ; and 
of the field where he stretched his give me the damsel for a wife. "And 
tent from the hand of the sons of i the sons of Jacob answered Shechem 



Hamor, father of Shechem, for a hun- 
dred kesitas. 20 And he erected there 
an altar, and called it El-Elohe-Israel. 

CHAPTER XXXIV 

1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, 
whom she bore to Jacob, went out to 
see the daughters of the land. 2 And 
Shechem, son of Hamor the Hivite, 

a prince of the land, saw her ; and he < "then will we give our daughters to 
took her and lay with her, and hum- 1 you, and take your daughters for us, 
bled her. 3 And his soul cleaved to and will dwell with you, and be one 
Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he j people. "But if ye will not hearken 
loved the damsel, and he spoke kindly I to us, to be circumcised, then will we 
to the damsel. 4 And Shechem spoke I take our daughter and go. " And 
to Hamor his father, saying, Take for j their words were good in the sight of 



and Hamor his father with deceit. 
And they spoke, because he defiled 
Dinah their sister, 14 and said to them, 
We can not do this thing, to give our 
sister to one that is uncircumcised ; 
for that is a reproach to us. " Only 
on this condition will we consent to 
you : if ye will be as we are, that 
every male of you be circumcised, 



me this damsel for a wife. 

5 And Jacob heard that he had de- 
filed Dinah his daughter. And his 
sons were with his cattle in the field ; 
and Jacob held his peace until their 
coming. 6 And Hamor, father of 
Shechem, went out to Jacob to speak 
with him. 7 And the sons of Jacob 



Hamor and in the sight of Shechem, 
Hamor's son. "And the young man 
delayed not to do the thing, because 
he delighted in the daughter of Jacob. 
And he was honored above all his 
father's house. 

20 And Hamor and Shechem his son, 

came to the gate of their city ; and 

came from the field, when they heard | they spoke to the men of their city, 

45 



GENESIS XXXV 



saying, :1 These men are peaceable 
with us, and will dwell in the land, 
and traffic therein ; and the land, be- 
hold, it is broad on both hands before 
them ; let us take their daughters to 
us for wives, and give our daughters 
to them. "Only on this condition 
will the men consent to dwell with us, 
u» be one people, that every male 
among us be circumcised, as they are 
circumcised. ' a Their cattle, and their 
substance, and every beast of theirs, 
will they not be ours? Only let us 
consent to them, and they will dwell 
with us. "And they hearkened to 
Hamor and to Shechera his son, all 
they that went out of the gate of his 
city ; and they were circumcised, 
every male, all that went out of the 
gate of his city. 

And it came to pass on the third 
day, when they were sore, that two of 
the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, 
Dinah's brothers, took each one his 
sword, and came upon the city boldly, 
and slew every male. 2G And Hamor 
and Shechem his son they slew with 
the edge of the sword ; and they took 
Dinah from the house of Shechem, 
and went forth. " The sons of Jacob 
came upon the slain, and plundered 
the city, because they denied their 
sister. "They took their flocks, and 
their herds, and their asses, and that 
which was in the city, and that which 
was in the field. 29 And all their 
wealth, and all their little ones, and 
their wives, they took captive and 
plundered, and all that was in the 

faro* 

50 And Jacob said to Simeon and to 

. Ye have troubled me, to make 

I stench amon^ the inhabitants of 

i In- hind, among the Canaanites and 

among the Pcrizzites. And I am few 

m numbei, and they will collect to- 

fcfttfier against me, and smite me ; and 

troyed, I and my house. 



31 And they said, Should he deal with 
our sister as with a harlot ? 

CHAPTER XXXV 

1 And God said to Jacob, Arise, go 
up to Beth- el, and dwell there. And 
make there an altar to God, who ap- 
peared to thee when thou wast fleeing 
from the face of Esau thy brother. 
2 And Jacob said to his household and 
to all that were were with him, Put 
away the strange gods that are among 
you, and cleanse yourselves, and 
change your garments. 3 And let us 
arise and go up to Beth-el ; and 1 
will make there an altar to God, who 
answered me in the day of my dis- 
tress, and was with me in the way 
which I went. 4 And they gave to 
Jacob all the strange gods that were 
in their hand and the rings that were 
in their ears ; and Jacob hid them 
under the oak which is by Shechem. 

5 And they removed; and the ter- 
ror of God was upon the cities that 
were around them, and they did not 
pursue after the sons of Jacob. 6 And 
Jacob came to Luz, which is in the 
land of Canaan (that is Beth-el), he 
and all the people that were with him. 
7 And he built there an altar ; and he 
called the place El-beth-el, because 
there God appeared to him when he 
was fleeing from the face of his 
brother. 

8 And Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, 
died ; and she was buried below Beth- 
el under the oak, and the name of it 
was called Oak of Weeping. 

9 And God appeared to Jacob again, 
when he came from Padan-aram, and 
blessed him. 10 And God said to him, 
Thy name is Jacob. Thy name shall 
no more be called Jacob, but Israel 
shall be thy name. And he called his 
name Israel. " And God said to him, 
I am God Almighty. Be fruitful and 
multiply ; a nation, and an assemblage 



46 



GENESIS XXXVI 



of nations, shall be from thee, and 
kings shall come out of thy loins. 
12 And the land that I gave to Abra- 
ham and to Isaac, to thee will I give 
it, and to thy seed after thee will I 
give the land. 13 And God went up 
from him in the place where he spoke 
with him. u And Jacob set up a pil- 
lar in the place where he spoke with 
him, a pillar of stone ; and he poured 
a drink offering thereon, and he 
poured oil thereon. 15 And Jacob 
called the name of the place, where 
God spoke with him, Beth-el. 

16 And they removed from Beth-el. 
And there was yet a length of way to 
come to Ephrath, and Rachel was in 
labor ; and she had hard labor. n And 
it came to pass, when she was in hard 
labor, that the midwife said to her, 
Fear not, for this also is a son for thee. 
J8 And it came to pass, as her soul was 
departing (for she died), that she 
called his name Ben-oni. And his 
father called him Benjamin. 19 And 
Lachel died ; and she was buried in 
the way to Ephrath, that is Bethle- 
hem. 20 And Jacob set up a pillar on 
her grave. This is the pillar of Rach- 
el's grave to this day. 

21 And Israel removed, and stretched 
his tent beyond Migdal-eder. " And 
it came to pass, when Israel was dwell- 
ing in that land, that Reuben went 
and lay with Bilhah, his father's con- 
cubine. And Jacob heard of it. 

28 And the sons of Jacob were twelve. 
The sons of Leah : Reuben, Jacob's 
firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and 
Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun. 
"The sons of Rachel: Joseph and 
Benjamin. 25 And the sons of Bilhah, 
Rachel's maid-servant : Dan and 
Naphtali. 26 And the sons of Zilpah, 
Leah's maid-servant : Gad and Asher. 
These are the sons of Jacob, that were 
born to him in Padan-aram. 

"And Jacob came to Isaac his 



father, to Mamre, to Kirjath-arba 
(that is Hebron), where Abraham and 
Isaac sojourned. 28 And the days of 
Isaac were a hundred and eighty 
years. n And Isaac expired, and died, 
and was gathered to his people, old 
J and full of days. And Esau and Jacob, 
his sons, buried him. 

CHAPTER XXXVI 

1 And these are the generations of 
Esau. He is Edom. 2 Esau took his 
| wives of the daughters of Canaan, 
Adah the daughter of Elon the Hit- 
tite, and Aholibamah the daughter of 
Anah the daughter of Zibeon the 
| Hivite, 3 and Bashemath, Ishmael's 
i daughter, sister of Nebaioth ; — *and 
I Adah bore to Esau Eliphaz, and Bash- 
! emath bore Reuel, 5 and Aholibamah 
bore Jeush, and Jaalam, and Koran ; 
these are the sons of Esau, who were 
born to him in the land of Canaan ; 
— 6 and Esau took his wives, and his 
sons, and his daughters, and all the 
persons of his house, and his cattle, 
and all his beasts, and all his substance 
that he gathered in the land of Canaan, 
and went to a land away from his 
brother Jacob. T For their substance 
was great, so that they could not dwell 
together ; and the land of their so- 
journings could not bear them on ac- 
count of their cattle. 8 And Esau 
dwelt in mount Seir. Esau, he is 
Edom. 

• And these are the generations of 
Esau, father of Edom in mount Seir. 
10 These are the names of Esau's sons : 
Eliphaz, son of Adah the wife of Esau, 
Reuel, son of Bashemath the wife of 
Esau. n And the sons of Eliphaz were 
Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and 
Kenaz. 12 And Tim na was concubine 
to Eliphaz, Esau's son ; and she bore 
to Eliphaz Amalek. These were the 
sons of Adah, Esau's wife. 13 And 
these are the sons of Reuel : Nahath 



47 



GENESIS XXXVI 



and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. 
These were the sons of Bashemath, 
Esau's wife. u And these were the 
sons of Aholibamah, daughter of Anah 
the daughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife : 
and she bore to Esau Jeush, and Jaa- 
lam, and Korah 



dan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and 
Cheran. "These are the sons of 
Ezer : Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Akan. 
38 These are the sons of Dishan : Uz 
and Aran. 

29 These were princes of the Ho- 
rites : prince Lotan, prince Shobal, 



15 These were princes of the sons of prince Zibeon, prince Anah, prince 



Esau : the sons of Eliphaz, the first- 
born of Esau : prince Teman, prince 
Omar, prince Zepho, prince Kenaz, 
16 prince Korah, prince Gatam, prince 
Amalek. These were the princes of 
Eliphaz, in the land of Edom. These 
were sons of Adah. 

17 And these were sons of Reuel, 
Esau's son : prince Nahath, prince 
Zerah, prince Shammah, prince Miz- 
zah. These were the princes of Reuel, 
in the land of Edom. These were 
sons of Bashemath, Esau's wife. 

18 And these were sons of Aholiba- 
mah, Esau's wife : prince Jeush, prince 
Jaalam, prince Korah. These were 
the princes of Aholibamah, the daugh- 
ter of Anah, Esau's wife. 19 These were 
the sons of Esau, and these were their 
princes. He is Edom. 

20 These are the sons of Seir the 
Horite, the inhabitants of the land : 
Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and 
Anah, 21 and Dishon, and Ezer, and 
Dishan. These were the princes of 
the Horites, the sons of Seir, in the 
land of Edom. 22 And the sons of 
Lotan were Hori and Hemam ; and 
the sister of Lotan was Timna. 

And these are the sons of Shobal : 
A Ivan and Manahath and Ebal, Shepho 
and Onam. 

4 \nd these are the sons of Zibeon : 
both Ajah and Anah. He was Anah 
who found the warm springs in the 
wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zib- 
eon his father. r " And these are the 
of Anah : Dishon, and Aholiba- 
mah the daughter of Anah. 26 And 
these are the sons of Dishon: Hem- 



Dishon, prince Ezer, prince Dishan. 
These were princes of the Horites, 
according to their princes, in the land 
of Seir. 

31 And these are the kings that 
reigned in the land of Edom, before 
there reigned a king of the sons of 
Israel : S2 and there reigned in Edom 
Bela, son of Beor ; and the name of 
his city was Dinhaba. 33 And Bela 
died j and Jobab son of Zerah, of 
Bozrah, reigned in his stead. 34 And 
Jobab died ; and Husham, of the 
land of the Temanites, reigned in his 
stead. 35 And Husham died j and 
Hadad son of Bedad, he who smote 
Midian in the country of Moab, 
reigned in his stead. And the name 
of his city was Avith. 36 And Hadad 
died ; and Samlah, of Masrekah, 
reigned in his stead. 37 And Samlah 
died ; and Saul, of Rehoboth by the 
River, reigned in his stead. 38 And 
Saul died ; and Baal-hanan, son of 
Achbor, reigned in his stead. 39 And 
Baal-hanan, son of Achbor, died ; 
and Hadar reigned in his stead. And 
the name of his city was Pau. And 
the name of his wife was Mehetabel, 
daughter of Matred, the daughter of 
Me-zahab. 

40 And these are names of princes 
of Esau, according to their families, 
according to their places, by their 
names : prince Timnah, prince Al- 
vah, prince Jetheth, tt prince Aholi- 
bamah, prince Elah, prince Pinon, 
"prince Kenaz, prince Teman, prince 
Mibzar, 43 prince Magdiel, prince Iram. 
These were princes of Edom, accord- 
48 



GENESIS XXXVII 



ing to their habitations in the land of | come, I, and thy mother, and thy 



their possession, 
of the Edomites. 



He is Esau, father 



ti 



CHAPTER XXXVII 

*And Jacob dwelt in the land of 
his father's sojournings, in the land 
of Canaan. 2 These are the genera- 
tions of Jacob. Joseph, being seven- 
teen years old, was tending the flock 
with his brothers, and he was a lad 
with the sons of Bilhah and with the 
sons of Zilpah his father's wives. 
And Joseph brought evil report con- 
cerning them to their father. 

5 And Israel loved Joseph above all 
is sons, for a son of old age was he to 
im, and he made him a full length 
arment. * And his brothers saw that 



their father loved him above all his 
brothers, and they hated him, and 
could not speak to him peaceably. 
5 And Joseph dreamed a dream, and 
he told it to his brothers ; and they 
hated him yet the more. 6 And he 
said to them. Hear, I pray, this 
dream which I dreamed. 7 For, be- 
hold, we were binding sheaves in the 
midst of the field ; and behold, my 
sheaf arose, yea and stood upright ; 
and behold, your sheaves stood 
around, and bowed down to my 
sheaf. 8 And his brothers said to 
him, Shalt thou indeed reign over 
us? Or shalt thou indeed bear 
rule over us ? And they hated him 
yet the more for his dreams and for 
his words. 

9 And he dreamed yet another 
dream, and related it to his brothers. 
And he said, Behold, I have dreamed 
a dream yet again ; and behold, the 
sun, and the moon, and eleven stars, 
bowed down to me. 10 And he re- 
lated it to his father and to his broth- 
ers. And his father chided him, and 
said to him, What is this dream that 
thou hast dreamed ? Shall we indeed 



brothers, to bow ourselves down to 
thee to the earth ? " And his brothers 
envied him ; but his father kept the 



saying. 

12 And his brothers went to feed 
their father's flock in Shechem. 
13 And Israel said to Joseph, Are not 
thy brothers feeding the flock in 
Shechem ? Come, and I will send 
thee to them. And he said to him, 
Here am I. u And he said to him, 
Go, I pray, see whether it is well with 
thy brothers, and well with the flocks ; 
and bring me word again. And he 
sent him from the valley of Hebron j 
and he came to Shechem. IS And a 
man found him, and behold, he was 
wandering in the field. And the man 
asked him, saying, What seekest thou ? 
16 And he said, I seek my brothers. 
Tell me, I pray, where they feed their 
flocks. n And the man said, They 
have removed hence ; for I heard 
them say, Let us go to Dothan. And 
Joseph went after his brothers, and 
found them in Dothan. ,8 And they 
saw him afar off; and before he came 
near them they plotted against him to 
slay him. 19 And they said one to 
another, Behold, this dreamer comes. 

20 Now therefore, come and let us slay 
him, and cast him into one of the 
pits ; and we will say, An evil beast 
devoured him. And we shall see 
what will become of his dreams. 

21 And Reuben heard it, and he deliv- 
ered him out of their hand. And he 
said, Let us not kill him. "And 
Reuben said to them, Do not shed 
blood ; cast him into this pit that is 
in the wilderness, and do not lay a 
hand upon him ; that he might deliver 
him out of their hand, to return him 
to his father. 

23 And it came to pass, when Joseph 
came to his brothers, that they stripped 
Joseph of his garment, the full length 

49 



GENESIS XXXVIII 



' And they sat down to 
\nd they lifted up their 



garment that was on him ; "and they 
took him. and cast him into the pit. 
And the pit was empty ; there was no 
water in it. 
eat bread. 

eyes and saw. and behold, a caravan 
of Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, 
and their camels bearing tragacanth, 
and balsam, and ladanum, going to 
carry it down to Egypt. M And Judah 
said to his brothers. What profit is it 
that we slay our brother, and cover 
his blood ? " T Come and let us sell 
him to the Ishmaelites, and let not 
our hand be upon him ; for he is our 
brother, our flesh. And his brothers 
hearkened to it. " And Midianites, 
merchants, passed by ; and they drew 
and raised up Joseph out of the pit ; 
and they sold Joseph to the Ishmael- 
ites for twenty pieces of silver ; and 
they brought Joseph into Egypt. 

29 And Reuben returned to the pit ; 
and behold, Joseph was not in the 
pit; and he rent his clothes. w And 
he returned to his brothers, and said, 
The child is not ; and I, whither shall 
I go? 3l And they took Joseph's gar- 
ment, and they killed a buck of the 
goats, and dipped the garment in the 
blood. "And they sent the foil 
length garment, and brought it to 
their father. And they said, This 
have we found : discern now, whether 
it is thy son's garment, or 
33 And he knew it ; and he said, 
my son's garment ; an evil beast has 
devoured him ; Joseph is surely torn 
in pieces. s+ And Jacob rent his gar- 
ments, and put sackcloth on his loins, 
and mourned for his son many days. 
13 And all his sons and all his daughters 
rose up to console him. And he re- 
fused to be consoled J and he said, I 
will go down to my son mourning, to 
the underworld. And his father wept 
for bim. 

*And the Midianites sold him into 



Egypt, to Potiphar, an officer of Pha- 
raoh, captain of the life-guard. 

CHAPTER XXXVIII 

1 And it came to pass at that time, 
that Judah went down from his 
brothers, and turned aside to a man, 
an Adullamite. whose name was Hi- 
rah. 2 And Judah saw there a 
daughter of a Canaanite whose name 
was Shuah ; and he took her, and 
went in to her. s And she conceived, 
and bore a son ; and he called his 
name Er. * And she conceived again, 
and bore a son ; and she called his 
name Onan. 5 And she conceived 
yet again, and bore a son ; and she 
called his name Shelah. And he was 
at Chezib when she bore him. 

* And Judah took a wife for Er his 
firstborn, and her name was Tamar. 
! ' And Er, Judah's firstborn, was 
wicked in the sight of Jehovah ; and 
Jehovah slew him. 3 And Judah said 
to Onan, Go in to thy brother's wife, 
and perform the duty of a husband's 
brother to her, and raise up seed to 
thy brother. • And Onan knew that 
the seed would not be his. And it 
came to pass when he went in to his 
brother's wife, that he wasted it on 
the ground, in order not to give seed 
to his brother. 10 And that which he 
did was evil in the sight of Jehovah ; 
not. and he slew him also. 
It is n And Judah said to Tamar his 
daughter-in-law. Abide a widow in 
thy father's house till Shelah my son 
shall grow up. For he said, Lest he 
also die, as his brothers. And Tamar 
went and abode in her father's house. 

12 And after many days, the daughter 
of Shuah, Judah's wife. died. And 
Judah consoled himself ; and he went 
up to his sheep-shearers, he and 
Hirah his friend the Adullamite, to 
i Timnah. u And it was told Tamar. 
saying, Behold, thy father-in-law goes 



5° 



- XXXIX 



up to Timnah to shear his sheep. 
u And she put off from her the gar- 
ments of her widowhood, and covered 
herself with a veil, and wrapped her- 
self, and sat at the entrance to two 
fountains, which is by the ma 
Timnah. For she saw that Shelah 
was grown up, and she was not given 
to him for a wife. 15 And Judah saw 
her, and he thought her to be a harlot ; 
because she had covered her face. 
18 And he turned aside to her by the 
way. and said, Come, I pray, let me 
come in to thee. For he knew not 
that she was his daughter-in-law. And 
she said. What wilt thou give me, 
that thou mayst come in to me? 
17 And he said, I will send a kid of 
the goats, from the flock. And she 
said. Wilt thou give a pledge till thou 
send it ? u And he said, What is the 
pledge that I shall give thee ? And 
she said. Thy signet-ring, and thy 
cord, and thy staff that is in thy hand. 
And he gave them to her ; and he 
went in to her, and she conceived by 
him. u And she arose and went 
away ; and she put off her veil from 
her. and put on the garments of her 
widowhood. w And Judah sent the 
kid of the goats by the hand of his 
friend the Adullamite, to receive the 
pledge from the hand of the woman ; 
md he found her not. 21 And he 
asked the men of her place, saying, 
Where is the harlot, she at the two 
fountains, by the way? And they 
said. There was no harlot here. ~ And 
he returned to Judah, and said, I 
did not find her ; and also the men 
of the place said. There was no harlot 
here. :3 And Judah said, Let her take 
them for herself, lest we be scorned. 
Behold, I sent this kid. and thou didst 
not find her. 

14 And it came to pass, about three 
months after, that it was told Judah, 
saying. Tamar. thy daughter-in-law. 



has committed harlotry ; and also, 
behold, she is with child by harlotry. 
And Judah said, Bring her out, and 
let her be burnt * She was brought 
out ; and she sent to her father-in-law, 

i saying, By the man whose these are 
am I with child. And she said, Dis- 
cern, I pray, whose are these, the 
signet-ring, and the cord, and the 
staff. ** And Judah knew them ; and 

; he said, She is more in the right than 
I ; because I gave her not to Shelah 

. my son. And he knew her again 

' no more. 

* T And it came to pass at the time of 
her labor, that, behold, there were 
twins in her womb. M And it came 
to pass, when she was in labor, that 
one put out a hand ; and the midwife 
took and bound on his hand a scarlet 
thread, saying, This came out first. 
19 And it came to pass, as he drew back 
his hand, that, behold, his brother 
came out. And she said, How hast 
thou broken forth? On thee be a 
breach ! And his name was called 
Pharez. '"And afterward came out 
his brother, on whose hand was the 
scarlet thread. And his name was 
called Zarah. 

CHAPTER XXXIX 

1 And Joseph was brought down to 
And Potiphar, an officer of 

! Pharaoh, captain of the life-guard, an 
Egyptian, bought him at the hand of 
the Ishmaelites, who brought him 
down thither. - And Jehovah was 
with Joseph, and he was a prosperous 
man ; and he was in the house of his 

j master, the Egyptian. s And his 
master saw that Jehovah was with him ; 
and all that he did Jehovah made to 
prosper in his hand. * And Joseph 
found favor in his sight, and served 
him. And he made him overseer 
over his house, and all that he had he 
nave into his hand. 



GENESIS XL 



6 And it came to pass from the time 
that he made him overseer in his 
house and over all that he had, that 
Jehovah blessed the house of the 
Egyptian on account of Joseph ; and 
the blessing of Jehovah was upon all 
that he had, in the house and in the 
field. 'And he left all that he had 
in Joseph's hand; and he knew not 
aught with him, save the bread that he 
ate. And Joseph was of beautiful 
form, and of beautiful countenance. 

7 And it came to pass after these 
things, that his master's wife lifted her 
eyes toward Joseph ; and she said, 
Lie with me. 8 And he refused. And 
he said to his master's wife, Behold, 
my master knows not with me what is 
in the house, and all that he has he 
has given into my hand. 9 He is not 
greater in this house than I ; and he 
has not withheld from me anything, 
except thee, because thou art his wife ; 
and how can I do this great evil, and 
sin against God ? 

10 And it came to pass, as she spoke 
to Joseph day by day, that he heark- 
ened not to her, to lie down by her 
side to be with her. " And it came 
to pass at this time, that he went into 
the house to do his business, and there 
was no one of the men of the house 
there in the house. 12 And she laid 
hold of him by his garment, saying, 
Lie with me ; and he left his garment 
in her hand, and fled, and went forth 
out of the house. 1S And it came to 
pass, when she saw that he left his 
garment in her hand, and fled out of 
the house, " that she called to the men 
of her house, and spoke to them, say- 
ing, See, he brought in to us a Hebrew 
to mock us. He came in to me to lie 
with me, and I cried with a loud voice. 
,6 And it came to pass, when he heard 
that I raised my voice and cried, that 
li«- left his garment by me, and went 
forth out of the house. 16 And she 



laid up his garment by her, until his 
master came to his house. " And she 
spoke to him according to these words, 
saying, The Hebrew servant, whom 
thou hast brought in to us, came in to 
me to mock me. 18 And it came to pass, 
when I raised my voice and cried, that 
he left his garment by me, and fled 
out of the house. 19 And it came to 
pass, when his master heard the words 
of his wife, which she spoke to him, 
saying, According to these words did 
thy servant to me, that his anger was 
kindled. 20 And Joseph' s master took 
him, and put him into the prison, 
the place where the king's prisoners 
were bound ; and he was there in 
the prison. 

21 And Jehovah was with Joseph ; 
and he caused kindness to be shown 
him, and gave him favor in the eyes 
of the keeper of the prison. 22 And 
the keeper of the prison gave into 
Joseph's hand all the prisoners that 
were in the prison ; and whatever they 
did there, he was the doer of it. 
28 The keeper of the prison looked not 
to anything in his hand, because Je- 
hovah was with him ; and what he did 
Jehovah made to prosper. 

CHAPTER XL 

1 And it came to pass, after these 
things, that the butler of the king of 
Egypt and the baker offended against 
their lord, the king of Egypt. 2 And 
Pharaoh was wroth against his two 
officers, against the chief of the butlers 
and against the chief of the bakers. 
3 And he put them in ward in the 
house of the captain of the life-guard, 
into the prison, the place where Joseph 
was bound. *And the captain of the 
guard appointed Joseph to be with 
them, and he ministered to them. 
And they were for a time in ward. 

5 And they dreamed a dream both 
of them, each his dream in one night, 



52 



GENESIS XLI 



he 

I 

a ri 



each according to the interpretation 
of his dream, the butler and the 
baker of the king of Egypt, who were 
bound in the prison. 6 And Joseph 
came in to them in the morning ; and 
he saw them, and behold, they were 

d. 7 And he asked Pharaoh's offi- 
rs that were with him in ward in 

is master' s house, saying, Wherefore 
are your faces sad to-day ? 8 And they 
said to him, We have dreamed a 
dream, and there is no interpreter of 
it. And Joseph said to them, Do 

ot interpretations belong to God? 

elate it to me, I pray. 9 And the 

hief of the butlers related his dream 
Joseph. And he said to him, In 

y dream, behold, a vine was before 

e. 10 And in the vine were three 
anches. And it was budding, its 

lossom sprang up, its clusters yielded i 
pened grapes. "And Pharaoh's 
p was in my hand ; and I took the 
apes, and pressed them into Pha- 
oh's cup ; and I gave the cup into 
araoh's hand. 

12 And Joseph said to him, This is 
interpretation. The three branches 
e three days. 13 Within three days 
ill Pharaoh lift up thy head, and re- 
ore thee to thy place ; and thou wilt 
ve Pharaoh's cup into his hand after 
e former manner when thou wast 
is butler. M But remember me by 
yself, when it shall be well with thee, 
d show kindness to me, I pray, and 
ake mention of me to Pharaoh, and 
ring me out from this house. 15 For 
was verily stolen from the land of 
the Hebrews ; and also here I have 
done nothing for which they should 
put me into the dungeon. 

16 And the chief of the bakers saw 
that he had interpreted good. And 
he said to Joseph, As for me also, in 
my dream, behold, three baskets of 
white bread were on my head. " And 
in the uppermost basket were all kinds 



of food for Pharaoh, work of the 
baker j and the birds ate them out of 
the basket, off from my head. 18 And 
Joseph answered and said, This is its 
interpretation. The three baskets are 
three days. 19 Within three days will 
Pharaoh lift up thy head from thee, 
and will hang thee on a tree ; and the 
birds will eat thy flesh off from thee. 
20 And it came to pass on the third 
day, Pharaoh's birthday, that he made 
a feast for all his servants. And he 
lifted up the head of the chief of the 
butlers and of the chief of the bakers 
among his servants. 21 And he re- 
stored the chief of the butlers to his 
butlership, and he gave the cup into 
Pharaoh's hand ; "and the chief of the 
bakers he hanged, as Joseph inter- 
preted to them. 23 And the chief of 
the butlers remembered not Joseph, 
and forgot him. 

CHAPTER XLI 

1 And it came to pass, at the end of 
two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed ; 
and behold, he was standing by the 
river. 2 And behold, there came up 
from the river seven heifers fair-look- 
ing and fat in flesh ; and they fed on 
the marsh-grass. 3 And behold seven 
other heifers came up after them 
from the river ill-looking and thin in 
flesh ; and they stood by the side of 
those heifers on the bank of the river. 
4 And the heifers that were ill-looking 
and thin in flesh devoured the seven 
heifers that were fair-looking and fat. 
And Pharaoh awoke. 

5 And he slept, and dreamed a 
second time ; and behold, seven ears 
came up on one stalk, plump and 
good. 6 And behold, seven ears thin 
and blasted by the east wind sprang 
up after them. 7 And the thin ears 
consumed the seven plump and full 
ears. And Pharaoh awoke ; and be- 
hold, it was a dream. 



53 



GENESIS XLI 



8 And it came to pass in the morn- 
ing, that his spirit was troubled. And 
he sent and called for all the scribes 
of Egypt and all its wise men. And 
Pharaoh related to them his dream. 
And there was no one that interpreted 
them to Pharaoh. 

9 And the chief of the butlers spoke 
to Pharaoh, saying, I remember my 
faults this day. 10 Pharaoh was wroth 
against his servants ; and he put me 
in ward in the house of the captain 
of the life-guard, me and the chief of 
the bakers. "And we dreamed a 
dream in one night, I and he ; we 
dreamed, each according to the inter- 
pretation of his dream. n And there 
was with us a Hebrew young man, 
servant to the captain of the life- 
guard : and we related them to him, 
and he interpreted to us our dreams ; 
according to each one's dream did he 
interpret. 13 And it came to pass, 
that as he interpreted to us, so it 
was ; me he restored to my place, 
and him he hanged. 

"And Pharaoh sent and called 
Joseph, and they brought him hastily 
out of the dungeon. And he shaved 
himself, and changed his garments, 
and came in to Pharaoh. 15 And Pha- 
raoh said to Joseph, I have dreamed 
a dream, and there is no one that in- 
terprets it. And I have heard it said 
of thee that thou understandest a 
dream to interpret it. 16 And Joseph 
answered Pharaoh, saying, It is not 
for me ; God will give Pharaoh an 
answer of peace. "And Pharaoh said 
to Joseph, In my dream, behold, I 
was standing on the bank of the river. 
"And behold, there came up from 
the river seven heifers, fat in flesh, 
and fair-formed ; and they fed on the 
marsh-grass. 19 And behold, seven 
other heifers came up after them poor 
and very ill-formed and lean in flesh j 
I have not seen such as they in all 



the land of Egypt for vileness. 20 And 
the lean and ill-looking heifers de- 
voured the first seven fat heifers. 

21 And they entered into them ; and it 
could not be known that they entered 
into them, and they were ill-looking 
as at the beginning. And I awoke. 

22 And I saw in my dream, and be- 
hold, seven ears came up on one stalk, 
full and good. 23 And behold, seven 
ears withered, thin, blasted by the 
east wind, sprang up after them. 
"And the thin ears consumed the 
seven good ears. And I told it to 
the scribes ; and there was none that 
made it known to me. 

35 And Joseph said to Pharaoh, The 
dream of Pharaoh, it is one. What 
God is about to do he has showed to 
Pharaoh. 26 The seven good heifers, 
they are seven years ; and the seven 
good ears, they are seven years. The 
dream, it is one. "And the seven 
lean and ill-looking heifers that came 
up after them, they are seven years ; 
and the seven ears empty, blasted by 
the east wind, will be seven years of 
famine. 28 This is the thing which I 
have spoken to Pharaoh ; what God 
is about to do, he has caused Pharaoh 
to see. 2 * Behold there are coming 
seven years of great plenty in all the 
land of Egypt. 30 And there will arise 
after them seven years of famine ; and 
all the plenty will be forgotten in the 
land of Egypt, and the famine will 
consume the land. 31 And the plenty 
will not be known in the land on ac- 
count of that famine afterward ; for 
it will be very grievous. 32 And as the 
dream was twice repeated to Pharaoh, 
it is because the thing is established 
by God, and God hastens to do it. 

33 Now therefore, let Pharaoh look 
out a man discerning and wise, and 
set him over the land of Egypt. 
34 Let Pharaoh cause that he appoint 
officers over the land ; and let him 



54 



GENESIS XLII 



take the fifth part of the land of 
Egypt in the seven years of plenty. 
35 And let them gather all the food of 
these good years that are coming, and 
lay up grain under the hand of Pha- 
raoh for food in the cities, and keep 
it. 36 And the food shall be for store 
for the land for the seven years of 
famine which shall be in the land of 
Egypt j that the land perish not in 
the famine. 

"And the thing was good in the 
eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all 
his servants. 38 And Pharaoh said to 
his servants, Can we find such a one 
as this, a man in whom is the spirit 
of God ? 39 And Pharaoh said to Jo- 
seph, Since God has made all this 
known to thee, there is no one so 
discerning and wise as thou art. '"'Thou 
shalt be over my house, and to thee 
shall all my people do homage ; only 
as to the throne will I be greater than 
thou. P And Pharaoh said to Joseph, 
See, I have set thee over all the land 
of Egypt. 42 And Pharaoh took off 
lis signet-ring from his hand, and put 
it on Joseph's hand, and clothed him 

vestures of fine linen, and put the 
chain of gold upon his neck ; 43 and 
he made him ride in the second char- 
iot that he had ; and they cried be- 
>re him, Bow the knee. And he set 
him over all the land of Egypt. 
And Pharaoh said to Joseph, I am 
Pharaoh, and without thee shall no 
man lift his hand or his foot in all the 
land of Egypt. 

45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's 
name Zaphnath-paaneah. And he 
gave him for a wife Asenath, daugh- 
ter of Poti-pherah priest of On. And 
Joseph went out over the land of 
Egypt. 

46 And Joseph was thirty years old 
when he stood before Pharaoh king 
of Egypt. And Joseph went out 
from the presence of Pharaoh, and 



passed through all the land of Egypt. 

47 And in the seven years of plenty 
the earth brought forth by handfuls. 
48 And he gathered all the food of the 
seven years which were in the land of 
Egypt ; and he put food in the cities ; 
the food of the field that was around 
the city he put within it. 49 And Jo- 
seph laid up grain as the sand of the 
sea, exceedingly abundant, until he 
left off numbering ; for it was with- 
out number. 

50 And to Joseph were born two 
sons before the year of famine came, 
whom Asenath, daughter of Poti- 
pherah priest of On, bore to him. 
"And Joseph called the name of the 
first-born Manasseh ; for God has 
made me forget all my trouble, and 
all my father's house. "And the 
name of the second be called Ephra- 
im ; for God has made me fruitful in 
the land of my affliction. 

M And the seven years of plenty 
that was in the land of Egypt were 
ended. 54 And the seven years of 
famine began to come according as 
Joseph said. And the famine was in 
all lands ; but in all the land of Egypt 
there was bread. 55 And all the land 
of Egypt was famished ; and the peo- 
ple cried to Pharaoh for bread. And 
Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, Go 
to Joseph ; what he says to you do. 
56 And the famine was over all the face 
of the earth. And Joseph opened all 
the storehouses, and sold grain to the 
Egyptians ; and the famine was severe 
in the land of Egypt. 57 And all coun- 
tries came into Egypt, to Joseph, to 
buy grain ; for the famine was severe 
in all the earth. 

CHAPTER XLII 

1 And Jacob saw that there was 
grain in Egypt ; and Jacob said to his 
sons, Why do ye look one upon 
another? 2 And he said, Behold, I 



55 



GENESIS XLII 



have heard that there is grain in Egypt. 
Go down thither, and buy grain for us 
thence ; that we may live, and not 
die. 3 And Joseph's ten brothers went 
down to buy grain from Egypt. 4 And 
Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob 
sent not with his brothers ; for he said, 
Lest harm befall him. 5 And the sons 
of Israel came to buy grain among 
those that came j for the famine was 
in the land of Canaan. 

* And Joseph, he was the ruler over 
the land ; and he it was that sold grain 
to all the people of the land. And 
Joseph's brothers came, and bowed 
down to him with their faces to the 
earth. T And Joseph saw his brothers, 
and knew them ; and he made him- 
self strange to them, and spoke with 
them roughly. And he said to them, 
Whence are ye come ? And they said, 
From the land of Canaan, to buy grain 
for food. 8 And Joseph knew his 
brothers ; and they knew not him. 
' And Joseph remembered the dreams 
that he had dreamed of them. And 
he said to them, Ye are spies j to see 
the nakedness of the land are ye 
come. 10 And they said to him, Nay, 
my lord ; for thy servants have come 
to buy grain for food. n We are all 
sons ot one man. We are true men • 
thy servants are not spies. "And he 
said to them, Nay ; for ye have come 
to see the nakedness of the land. 
"And they said, Thy servants are 
twelve ; we are brothers, sons of one 
man in the land of Canaan ; and be- 
hold, the youngest is this day with our 
father ; and one is not. " And Joseph 
said to them, This is what I spoke to 
you, saying, Ye are spies. 15 By this 
ye shall be tested. By the life of 
Pharaoh, ye shall not go out hence, 
except when your youngest brother 
comes hither. "Send one of you, 
and let him fetch your brother, and 
be ye bound, that your words may be 



tested, whether there is truth with 
you ; and if not, by the life of Pharaoh, 
ye are surely spies. "And he put 
them all together in ward three days. 

"And Joseph said to them on the 
third day, This do and live. I am one 
that fears God. " If ye are true men, 
let one of your brothers be bound in 
your prison-house ; and do ye go, 
carry grain for the famine of your 
houses. 30 And bring your youngest 
brother to me, and your words shall 
be found true, and ye shall not die. 
And they did so. 2! And they said 
one to another, We are verily guilty 
concerning our brother, whose an- 
guish of soul we saw when he besought 
us, and we would not hear ; therefore 
is this anguish come upon us. 22 And 
Reuben answered them, saying, Did 
not I speak to you, saying, Do not sin 
against the child, and ye would not 
hear ? And also his blood, behold, is 
required. 23 And they knew not that 
Joseph heard ; for the interpreter was 
between them. 2i And he turned 
about from them, and wept. And he 
returned to them, and talked to them ; 
and he took from them Simeon, and 
bound him before their eyes. 

25 And Joseph commanded that they 
should fill their vessels with grain, and 
to return their money into each one's 
sack, and to give them provision foi 
the way. And thus he did to them. 

20 And they lifted their grain upon 
their asses, and went thence. 27 And 
one of them opened his sack to give 
provender to his ass at the lodging- 
place, and he saw his money, and 
behold, it was in the mouth of his 
bag. 28 And he said to his brothers, 
My money is returned ; yea, and be- 
hold, it is in my bag. And their 
heart went out ; and they turned 
trembling one to another, saying, 
What is this that God has done to us? 

29 And they came to Jacob their 



56 



GENESIS XLIII 



re 

: 



father, to the land of Canaan. And 
they told him all the things that befell 
them, saying, 30 The man, the lord of 
the land, spoke roughly with us, and 
took us for spies of the land. 31 And 
we said to him, We are true men ; we 
are not spies. 32 We are twelve broth- 
ers, sons of our father ; one is not, 
and the youngest is this day with our 
father in the land of Canaan. 33 And 
the man, the lord of the land, said to 
us, By this I shall know that ye are 
true men ; let one of your brothers 
remain with me, and take what the 
mine of your houses requires, and 
o. Zi And bring your youngest bro- 
ther to me, and I shall know that ye 
are not spies, that ye are true men. 
Your brother I will deliver to you, 
and ye shall traffic in the land. 

35 And it came to pass as they emp- 
tied their sacks, that, behold, each 
one's bundle of money was in his 
sack ; and they saw their bundles of 
money, they and their father, and 
they were afraid. 36 And Jacob their 
father said to them, Me do ye be- 
reave ; Joseph is not, and Simeon is 
not, and Benjamin ye will take. On 
me are all these things. "And Reu- 
ben spoke to his father, saying, My 
two sons shalt thou slay, if I bring 
him not to thee. Deliver him into 
my hand, and I will return him to 
thee. 38 And he said, My son shall 
not go down with you. For his broth- 
er is dead, and he alone is left ; and 
if harm befall him by the way in 
which ye go, ye will bring down my 
gray hairs in sorrow to the underworld. 

CHAPTER XLIII 

1 And the famine was grievous in 
the land. 2 And it came to pass, 
when they had eaten up the grain 
that they brought from Egypt, that 
their father said to them, Return, buy 
us grain for a little food. 3 And Judah 



spoke to him, saying, The man sol- 
emnly protested to us, saying, Ye shall 
not see my face unless your brother be 
with you. 4 If thou wilt send our 
brother with us we will go down and 
buy thee grain for food. 5 But if thou 
wilt not send him we will not go down. 
For the man said to us, Ye shall not 
see my face unless your brother be 
with you. 6 And Israel said, Where- 
fore dealt ye so ill with me to tell the 
man whether ye had yet a brother? 
7 And they said, The man strictly 
questioned concerning us and con- 
cerning our kindred, saying, Is your 
father yet alive ? Have ye a brother ? 
And we told him according to these 
words. Could we surely know that 
he would say, Bring your brother 
down ? 8 And Judah said to Israel 
his father, Send the lad with me, and 
we will arise and go ; and we shall 
live, and not die, both we, and also 
thou, and also our little ones. 9 1 
will be surety for him ; of my hand 
shalt thou require him. If I do not 
bring him to thee, and set him before 
thee, then will I be guilty to thee for- 
ever. 10 For unless we had lingered 
surely now we had returned this sec- 
ond time. n And Israel their father 
said to them, If then it is so, do this ; 
take of the boast of the land in your 
vessels, and carry down a present for 
the man, a little balsam, and a little 
honey, tragacanth and ladanum, pis- 
tacia nuts and almonds. 12 And take 
a second supply of money in your 
hand ; and the money that was re- 
turned in the mouth of your bags ye 
shall carry back in your hand ; per- 
haps it was an error. 13 And take 
your brother, and arise, return to the 
man. w And God Almighty grant you 
compassion before the man, that he 
may release to you your other bro- 
ther and Benjamin. And I, in case 
I am bereaved, I am bereaved ! 



57 



GENESIS XLIV 



15 And the men took that present ; 
and double money they took in their 
hand, and Benjamin ; and they rose 
up, and went down to Egypt ; and 
they stood before Joseph. 

10 And Joseph saw Benjamin with 
them ; and he said to him who was 
over his house, Bring the men into 
the house ; and slay, and make ready ; 
for the men will eat with me at noon. 
17 And the man did as Joseph said. 

And the man brought the men into 
the house of Joseph. 18 And the 
men were afraid because they were 
brought into the house of Joseph. 
And they said, Because of the money 
that returned in our bags at the first 
are we brought in ; that he may find 
occasion against us, and fall upon us, 
and take us for servants, and our 
asses. 19 And they came near to the 
man who was over the house of Jo- 
seph j and they spoke to him at the 
door of the house. 20 And they said, 
We beseech thee, my lord ! We 
verily came down at the first to buy 
grain for food. 21 And it came to 
pass, when we came to the lodging- 
place, and opened our bags, that be- 
hold, each one's money was in the 
mouth of his bag, our money in its 
full weight ; and we have brought it 
back in our hand. 22 And other 
money have we brought down in our 
hands to buy grain for food. We 
know not who put our money in our 
bags. M And he said, Peace be to 
you ; fear not. Your God, and the 
God of your father, gave you hidden 
treasure in your bags. Your money 
came to me. And he brought Sim- 
eon out to them. 

** And the man brought the men in- 
to the house of Joseph. And he gave 
water that they might wash their feet ; 
and he gave provender for their asses. 

"And they made ready the present 
against the coming of Joseph at noon : 



for they heard that they should eat 
bread there. 26 And Joseph came 
into the house ; and they brought him 
the present that was in their hand, 
into the house ; and they bowed down 
to him to the earth. 27 And he asked 
them of their welfare, and said, Is 
your father well, the old man of whom 
ye spoke? Is he yet alive? 28 And 
they answered, Thy servant our father 
is well ; he is yet alive. And they 
bent the head, and bowed down. 
29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw 
Benjamin his brother, the son of his 
mother ; and he said, Is this your 
younger brother of whom ye spoke to 
me? And he said, God be gracious 
to thee, my son. 30 And Joseph made 
haste, for his bowels yearned toward 
his brother, and he sought where to 
weep ; and he entered into the inner 
chamber, and wept there. 31 And he 
washed his face, and went forth. And 
he refrained himself, and said, Set on 
food. 32 And they set on for him by 
himself, and for them by themselves, 
and for the Egyptians that ate with 
him by themselves ; because the 
Egyptians could not eat food with the 
Hebrews, for that is an abomination to 
Egyptians. "And they sat before him, 
the firstborn according to his birth- 
right, and the younger according to his 
minority. M And the men looked won- 
dering one at another. And he took 
portions from before him for them ; 
and Benjamin's portion was five times 
more than any of theirs. And they 
drank, and were merry with him. 

CHAPTER XLIV 

1 And he commanded him who was 
over his house, saying, Fill the men's 
bags with food, as much as they can 
bear, and put each one's money in 
the mouth of his bag. 3 And my cup, 
the silver cup, thou shalt put in the 
mouth of the bag belonging to the 



58 



GENESIS XLIV 



youngest, and the money for his grain. 
And he did according to the word of 
Joseph, which he had spoken. 

8 The morning dawned, and the 
men were sent away, they and their 
asses. ir rhey were gone out of the 
city, were not far away, when Joseph 
said to him who was over his house, 
Arise, follow after the men, and over- 
take them, and say to them, Where- 
fore have ye requited evil for good? 
5 Is not this that in which my lord 
drinks? And he verily divines there- 
with. Ye have done evil in that ye 
have done. 6 And he overtook them, 
and spoke to them these words. 
7 And they said to him, Wherefore 
does my lord speak according to these 
words? Far be it from thy servants 
to do such a thing. 8 Behold, the 
money that we found in the mouths 
of our bags we brought back to thee 
from the land of Canaan ; and how 
should we steal from thy lord's house 
silver or gold ? & With whomsoever 
of thy servants it shall be found let 
him die ; and we also will be servants 
to my lord. 10 And he said, Yea now, 
according to your words, so be it. 
With whomsoever it shall be found he 
shall be my servant ; and ye shall be 
blameless. " And they made haste, 
and took down each one his bag to 
the earth ; and they opened each one 
his bag. 12 And he searched; he 
began at the eldest, and ended at the 
youngest ; and the cup was found in 
Benjamin's bag. 13 And they rent 
their garments ; and they loaded each 
one his ass, and returned to the city. 

u And Judah came and his brothers 
to the house of Joseph ; for he was 
yet there ; and they fell before him 
to the earth. 15 And Joseph said to 
them, What is this deed that ye have 
done ? Did ye not know that such a 
man as I can surely divine? 

16 And Judah said, What shall we 



say to my lord? What shall we 
speak ? And how shall we clear our- 
selves ? God has found out the in- 
iquity of thy servants. Behold, we 
are servants to my lord, both we, and 
he in whose hand the cup was found. 
17 And he said, Far be it from me to do 
this. The man in whose hand the cup 
was found he shall be my servant ; and 
do ye go up in peace to your father. 
18 And Judah came near to him and 
said, I beseech thee, my lord ! Let 
thy servant, I pray, speak a word in 
the ears of my lord ; and let not thine 
anger burn against thy servant ; for 
thou art even as Pharaoh. 19 My lord 
asked his servants, saying, Have ye a 
father or a brother? 20 And we said 
to my lord, We have a father, an old 
man, and a child of old age, a little 
one ; and his brother is dead, and he 
alone is left of his mother, and his 
father loves him. 21 And thou saidst 
to thy servants, Bring him down to 
me that I may set my eyes upon him. 
"And we said to my lord, The lad 
can not leave his father ; for if he 
leaves his father he will die. 23 And 
thou saidst to thy servants, If your 
youngest brother comes not down 
with you ye shall see my face no 
more. 2 *And it came to pass, when 
we went up to thy servant my father, 
that we told him the words of my 
lord. 25 And our father said, Re- 
turn, buy us grain for a little food. 
26 And we said, We can not go down. 
If our youngest brother be with us 
then will we go down ; for we can not 
see the face of the man if our young- 
est brother is not with us. J? And thy 
servant my father said to us, Ye know 
that my wife bore me two. 28 And 
one went out from me ; and I said, 
Surely he is torn in pieces ; and I saw 
him not since. 29 And if ye take this 
also from my presence, and harm be- 
fall him, ye will bring down my gray 



59 



GENESIS XLV 



hairs in sorrow to the underworld. 
30 Now therefore, when I come to thy 
servant my father, and the lad is not 
with us, seeing that his soul is bound 
to his soul, 3l it will come to pass 
when he sees that the lad is not that 
he will die ; and thy servants will bring 
down the gray hairs of thy servant our 
father in sorrow to the underworld. 
32 For thy servant by his surety ob- 
tained the lad from my father, saying, 
If I bring him not to thee then will I 
be guilty to my father forever. 33 Now 
therefore, I pray, let thy servant re- 
main instead of the lad a servant to 
my lord, and let the lad go up with 
his brothers. 3 *For how shall I go 
up to my father and the lad not with 
me? Lest I see the evil that will 
come on my father. 

CHAPTER XLV 

1 And Joseph was not able to refrain 
himself before all that stood by him ; 
and he cried, Cause every man to go 
out from me. And no one was stand- 
ing with him when Joseph made him- 
self known to his brothers. 2 And he 
wept aloud ; and the Egyptians heard, 
and the house of Pharaoh heard. 
3 And Joseph said to his brothers, I 
am Joseph; is my father yet alive? 
And his brothers could not answer 
him ; for they were confounded before 
him. 4 And Joseph said to his broth- 
ers, Come near to me, I pray. And 
they came near. And he said, I am 
Joseph your brother, whom ye sold 
into Egypt. ■ Now therefore be not 
grieved, and be not angry with your- 
selves, that ye sold me hither ; for 
God sent me before you to preserve 
life. 6 For these two years has the 
famine been in the land ; and there 
are yet five years in which there will 
I"- no plowing or harvesting. 'And 
God sent me before you to make for 
you a remnant in the earth, and to 



save you alive, for a great deliverance. 
8 Now therefore, it was not ye that 
sent me hither, but God ; and he has 
made me a father to Pharaoh, and 
lord of all his house, and ruler over 
all the land of Egypt. 9 Make haste, 
and go up to my father, and say to 
him, Thus says thy son Joseph, God 
has made me lord of all Egypt ; come 
down to me, tarry not. I0 And thou 
shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and 
thou shalt be near to me, thou, and 
thy sons, and thy sons' sons, and thy 
flocks, and thy herds, and all that 
thou hast. " And I will nourish thee 
there ; for there are yet five years of 
famine ; lest thou be impoverished, 
thou, and thy house, and all that thou 
hast. 12 And behold, your eyes see, 
and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, 
that it is my mouth that speaks to 
you. 13 And ye shall tell my father of 
all my glory in Egypt, and of all that 
ye have seen ; and ye shall haste and 
bring down my father hither. " And 
he fell on the neck of Benjamin his 
brother, and wept ; and Benjamin 
wept on his neck. 15 And he kissed all 
his brothers, and wept on them ; and 
after that his brothers talked with him. 
16 And the rumor was heard in the 
house of Pharaoh, saying, The brothers 
of Joseph have come ; and it was good 
in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the 
sight of his servants. w And Pharaoh 
said to Joseph, Say to thy brothers, 
This do ye : load your beasts, and go, 
get to the land of Canaan ; 18 and fetch 
your father and your households, and 
come to me ; and I will give you the 
best of the land of Egypt, and ye 
shall eat of the fat of the land. 19 Now 
therefore thou art commanded ; this do 
ye : take for you wagons out of the 
land of Egypt, for your little ones, 
and for your wives, and bring your 
father, and come. *° And let not your 
eye look regretfully on your goods j 



6o 



GENESIS XLVI 



for the best of all the land of Egypt, 
it is yours. 

21 And the sons of Israel did so. 
And Joseph gave them wagons, ac- 
cording to the command of Pharaoh, 
and gave them provisions for the way. 
To each of them all he gave changes 
)f raiment ; and to Benjamin he gave 
iree hundred pieces of silver and 
ive changes of raiment. 23 And to 
lis father he sent after this manner : 
m asses bearing the good things of 
^gypt, and ten she-asses bearing 
Lin, and bread, and food, for his 
tther by the way. "And he sent 
is brothers away, and they went, 
ind he said to them, Do not fall out 
>y the way. 
26 And they went up from Egypt, 
id came to the land of Canaan, to 
icob their father. 26 And they told 
im, saying, Joseph is yet alive ; yea, 
id he is ruler over all the land of 
r pt. And Jacob's heart was cold, 
>r he believed them not. "And 
ley told him all the words of Joseph 
lat he spoke to them. And he saw 
le wagons that Joseph sent to carry 
im ; and the spirit of Jacob their 
ther revived. 28 And Israel said, 
Enough ! Joseph my son is yet alive ; 
all go and see him before I die. 

CHAPTER XLVI 

*And Israel removed and all that 
had, and came to Beer-sheba j 
id he offered sacrifices to the God 
his father Isaac. 2 And God spoke 
Israel in visions of the night, and 
id, Jacob ! Jacob ! And he said, 
Lere am I. 3 And he said, I am 
rod, thy father's God. Fear not to 
go down to Egypt ; for I will there 
make thee a great nation. 4 1 will go 
down with thee to Egypt ; and I will 
also surely bring thee up ; and Joseph 
shall put his hand upon thine eyes. 
5 And Jacob rose up from Beer- 



sheba ; and the sons of Israel bore 
Jacob their father, and their little 
ones, and their wives, in the wagons 
which Pharaoh sent to bear them. 
6 And they took their cattle and their 
goods, which they had gathered in 
the land of Canaan, and came to 
Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with 
him. 7 His sons, and his sons' sons 
with him, his daughters, and his sons' 
daughters, and all his seed, he brought 
with him to Egypt. 

8 And these are the names of the 
sons of Israel, who came to Egypt, 
Jacob and his sons. The firstborn 
of Jacob, Reuben. 9 And the sons of 
Reuben : Hanoch, and Phallu, and 
Hezron, and Carmi. 10 And the sons 
of Simeon : Jemuel, and Jamin, and 
Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and 
Shaul son of the Canaanitish woman. 
11 And the sons of Levi : Gershon, 
Kohath, and Merari. u And the sons 
of Judah : Er, and Onan, and Shelah, 
and Pharez, and Zarah. And Er and 
Onan died in the land of Canaan. 
And the sons of Pharez were Hezron 
and Hamul. 13 And the sons of Issa- 
char : Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, 
and Shimron. M And the sons of 
Zebulun : Sered, and Elon, and Jah- 
leel. 15 These are the sons of Leah, 
whom she bore to Jacob in Padan- 
aram, and Dinah his daughter. All 
the souls of his sons and his daughters 
were thirty-three. 

16 And the sons of Gad : Ziphion 
and Haggi, Shuni and Ezbon, Eri, 
and Arodi, and Areli. 17 And the 
sons of Asher : Jimnah, and Ishuah, 
and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah 
their sister. And the sons of Be- 
riah : Heber and Malchiel. 18 These 
are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban 
gave to Leah his daughter ; and these 
she bore to Jacob, sixteen souls. 

19 The sons of Rachel, Jacob's 
wife : Joseph, and Benjamin. 20 And 



6i 



GENESIS XLVII 



to Joseph were born, in the land of 
Egypt, Manasseh and Ephraim, whom 
Asenath, daughter of Poti-pherah 
priest of On, bore to him. 31 And the 
sons of i'enjamin were Belah, and 
Becher, and Ashbel, Gera and Naa- 
man, Ehi and Rosh, Muppim, and 
Huppim, and Ard. "These are the 
sons of Rachel, who were born to 
Jacob. All the souls were fourteen. 

33 And the sons of Dan : Hushim. 
24 And the sons of Naphtali : Jahzeel, 
and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem. 
* These are the sons of Bilhah, whom 
Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, 
and she bore these to Jacob. All the 
souls were seven. 26 All the souls be- 
longing to Jacob that came to Egypt, 
that came out of his loins, besides the 
wives of Jacob's sons, all the souls 
were sixty-six. a *And the sons of 
Joseph, who were born to him in 
Egypt, were two souls. All the souls 
of the house of Jacob that came to 
Egypt, were seventy. 

28 And Judah he sent before him to 
Joseph, to show the way before him 
to Goshen • and they came to the 
land of Goshen. 29 And Joseph har- 
nessed his chariot, and went up to 
meet Israel his father, to Goshen ; 
and he appeared before him, and he 
fell on his neck, and wept on his neck 
continually. 30 And Israel said to 
Joseph, Now let me die, since I have 
seen thy face, that thou art yet alive. 

31 And Joseph said to his brothers, 
and to his father's house, I will go up, 
and tell Pharaoh, and say to him, My 
brothers, and my father's house, who 
were in the land of Canaan, are come 
to me. M And the men are shep- 
; for they are herdsmen, and 
have brought their flocks, and their 
li'-nis, and all that they have. * And 
it shall be, when Pharaoh shall call 
you, and shall say, What is your occu- 
pation ? "that ye shall say, Thy serv- 



ants have been herdsmen from our 
youth even till now, both we and our 
fathers ; in order that ye may dwell in 
the land of Goshen. For every shep- 
herd is the abomination of Egyptians. 

CHAPTER XLVII 

x And Joseph came and told Pha- 
raoh, and said, My father and my 
brothers, and their flocks, and their 
herds, and all that they have, are 
come from the land of Canaan ; and 
behold, they are in the land of Goshen. 
2 And of the whole number of his 
brothers he took five men, and pre- 
sented them before Pharaoh. 3 And 
Pharaoh said to his brothers, What is 
your occupation ? And they said to 
Pharaoh, Thy servants are shepherds, 
both we and our fathers. 4 And they 
said to Pharaoh, We have come to 
sojourn in the land ; for there is no 
pasturage for the flocks which belong 
to thy servants ; for the famine is 
grievous in the land of Canaan. Now 
therefore, we pray thee, let thy serv- 
ants dwell in the land of Goshen. 

6 And Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, 
saying, Thy father and thy brothers 
are come to thee. 6 The land of 
Egypt is before thee. Cause thy 
father and thy brothers to dwell in 
the best of the land. They shall 
dwell in the land of Goshen : and if 
thou knowest that there are capable 
men among them, make them master- 
herdsmen over what I have. 

7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his 
father, and placed him before Pha- 
raoh ; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 
8 And Pharaoh said to Jacob, How 
many are the days of the years of thy 
life? 9 And Jacob said to Pharaoh, 
The days of the years of my sojourn- 
ings are a hundred and thirty years. 
Few and evil have been the days of 
the years of my life ; and they have 
not attained to the days of the years 



62 



GENESIS XLVII 



of the life of my fathers, in the days 
of their sojournings. 10 And Jacob 
blessed Pharaoh, and went out from 
before Pharaoh. 

11 And Joseph appointed his father 
ind his brothers a dwelling-place, and 
gave them a possession in the land 
)f Egypt, in the best of the land, in 
te land of Rameses, as Pharaoh com- 
landed. 12 And Joseph nourished 
lis father, and his brothers, and all 
is father's house, with bread, accord- 
lg to their little ones. 
13 And there was no bread in all the 
nd ; for the famine was very griev- 
>us, and the land of Egypt and the 
nd of Canaan fainted by reason of 
le famine. w And Joseph gathered 
all the money that was found in 
land of Egypt and in the land 
Canaan, for the grain that they 
mght. And Joseph brought the 
»oney into the house of Pharaoh. 
And the money was spent from the 
md of Egypt and from the land of 
maan ; and all the Egyptians came 
to Joseph, saying, Give us bread ; for 
lerefore should we die in thy pres- 
lce ? For there is no more money. 
And Joseph said, Give your cattle, 
md I will give it you for your cattle, 
there is no more money. n And 
ley brought their cattle to Joseph, 
id Joseph gave them bread for the 
lorses, and for the flocks, and for the 
:rds, and for the asses ; and he pro- 
led them with bread for all their 
ittle in that year. 

18 And that year was ended. And 
they came to him in the second year, 
and said to him, We will not hide it 
from my lord, that since the money 
and the beasts are all my lord's, there 
is nothing left in the sight of my lord, 
except our bodies and our lands. 
"Wherefore should we die before 
thine eyes, both we and our land? 
Buy us and our land for bread, and 



we and our land will be servants to 
Pharaoh ; and give us seed that we 
may live and not die, and that the 
land be not waste. 20 And Joseph 
bought all the land of Egypt for Pha- 
roah. For the Egyptians sold every 
man his field, because the famine was 
too strong for them. And the land 
became Pharaoh's. 21 And the people, 
he transferred them to the cities, from 
one end of the territory of Egypt even 
to the other end thereof. 22 Only the 
land of the priests he bought not ; for 
the priests had a portion from Pha- 
raoh, and they ate their portion which 
Pharaoh gave them. Therefore they 
sold not their land. n And Joseph 
said unto the people, Behold, I have 
bought you this day and your land, 
for Pharaoh. Behold, there is seed 
for you, and ye shall sow the land. 
24 And it shall be that of the increase 
ye shall give a fifth to Pharaoh ; and 
four parts shall be your own, for seed 
of the field, and for your food, and 
for those who are in your houses, and 
for food for your little ones. 25 And 
they said, Thou hast saved us alive. 
Let us find favor in the sight of my 
Lord, and we will be servants to Pha- 
raoh. 26 And Joseph made it a statute 
over the land of Egypt to this day, 
that every fifth is Pharaoh's ; except 
that the land of the priests alone be- 
came not Pharaoh's. 

27 And Israel dwelt in the land of 
Egypt, in the land of Goshen ; and 
they had possessions therein, and were 
fruitful, and multiplied exceedingly. 

28 And Jacob lived in the land of 
Egypt seventeen years. And the days 
of Jacob, the years of his life, were a 
hundred and forty-seven years. 29 And 
the days of Israel drew near to death. 
And he called to his son, to Joseph, 
and said to him, If now I have found 
favor in thy sight, put, I pray, thy 
hand under my thigh, and deal with 



63 



GENESIS XLVIII 



me kindly and truly. Do not, I pray, I pray, that I may bless them. 10 And 
bury me in Egypt. 30 But I will lie the eyes of Israel were dim with age ; 
with my fathers, and thou shalt carry he could not see. And he brought 
me out of Egypt, and bury me in their them near to him. And he kissed 
burying-place. And he said, I will do | them, and embraced them. n And 
according to thy word. 31 And he ! Israel said to Joseph, I did not think 



said, Swear to me. And he swore to 
him: And Israel bowed himself on 
the head of the bed. 



CHAPTER XLVIII 

1 And it came to pass after these 
things, that they said to Joseph, Be- 
hold, thy father is sick \ and he took 
with him his two sons, Manasseh and 
Ephraim. 2 And they told it to Jacob, 
and said, Behold, thy son Joseph is 
come to thee. And Israel strength- 
ened himself, and sat upon the bed. 

3 And Jacob said to Joseph, God 
Almighty appeared to me at Luz in 
the land of Canaan, and blessed me. 
4 And he said to me, Behold, I will 
make thee fruitful, and will multiply 
thee, and will make thee an assem- 
blage of peoples, and will give this 
land to thy seed after thee for an ever- 
lasting possession. 5 Now therefore, 
thy two sons, that were born to thee 
in the land of Egypt before I came to 
thee to Egypt, they are mine • Ephraim 
and Manasseh shall be to me as Reu- 
ben and Simeon. 6 And thy offspring 
that thou begettest after them, shall 
be thine ; after the name of their 
brothers shall they be called in their 
inheritance. 'And as for me, when I 
came from Padan, Rachel died by me 
in the land of Canaan on the way, 
when there was yet a length of way 
to come to Ephrath \ and I buried 
her there on the way to Ephrath. 
That is Bethlehem. 

8 And Israel saw Joseph's sons \ and 
he said, Who are these ? » And Jo- 
seph said to his father, They are my 
sons, whom God has given me here. 
And he said, Bring them to me, I 



to see thy face ; and behold, God has 
made me see also thy seed. 

12 And Joseph brought them out 
from between his knees; and he bowed 
himself before him to the earth. 13 And 
Joseph took them both, Ephraim in 
his right hand toward Israel's left, and 
Manasseh in his left hand toward Is- 
rael's right, and brought them near to 
him. u And Israel stretched forth his 
right hand, and laid it upon the head 
of Ephraim, and he was the younger, 
and his left hand upon the head of 
Manasseh • he guided his hands know- 
ingly, for Manasseh was the first-born. 
15 And he blessed Joseph, and said, 
The God before whom my fathers 
walked, Abraham and Isaac, the God 
who fed me all my life long to this 
day, 16 the Angel who redeemed me 
from all evil, bless the lads j and let 
my name be named on them, and the 
name of my fathers Abraham and 
Isaac ; and let them increase to a 
multitude in the midst of the land. 

"And Joseph saw that his father 
laid his right hand on the head of 
Ephraim, and it was wrong in his 
sight ; and he took hold of his father's 
hand, to remove it from the head of 
Ephraim to the head of Manasseh. 
18 And Joseph said to his father, Not 
so my father, for this is the firstborn ; 
lay thy right hand on his head. 19 And 
his father refused, and said, I know, my 
son, I know. He also shall become a 
people, and he also shall be great ; but 
yet his younger brother shall be greater 
than he, and his seed shall become the 
fullness of the nations. 

20 And he blessed them on that day, 
saying, By thee shall Israel bless, say- 
64 



GENESIS XLIX 



ing, God make thee as Ephraim and 
as Manasseh. And he put Ephraim 
before Manasseh. 

21 And Israel said to Joseph, Behold, 

I die ; and God will be with you, and 

will return you to the land of your 

Lthers. "And I, I give thee one 

tct above thy brothers, which I took 

it of the hand of the Amorite with 

\y sword and with my bow. 

CHAPTER XLIX 

1 And Jacob called to his sons and 
lid, Gather yourselves together, that 
may tell you what will befall you in 
ter days. 2 Assemble yourselves and 
tear, sons of Jacob, and hearken to 
srael your father. 
Leuben, my firstborn thou. 
[y might, and firstling of my strength, 
ccellency of dignity, and excellency 

of power, 
toiling over like water, thou shalt 

not excel, 
icause thou wentest up to thy 

father's bed ; 
len thou didst defile it. 
[e went up to my couch ! 
5 Simeon and Levi are brethren ; 
istruments of violence are their de- 
vices. 
'.y soul come not into their council ; 
\> their assembly be not my honor 
united ! 
>r in their anger they slew a man, 
Jid in their self-will they undermined 

a wall. 
!ursed be their anger, for it was 

fierce ; 

Lnd their wrath, for it was cruel, 
will divide them in Jacob, 
And scatter them in Israel. 

8 Thee, Judah, thee will thy breth- 
ren praise ; 
Thy hand will be on the neck of 

thine enemies ; 
Thy father's sons will bow down to 
thee. 



9 Judah is a lion's whelp. 

From the prey, my son, thou art gone 

up. 
He bowed himself, he lay down, as a 

lion, 
And as a lioness ; who shall rouse 

him ! 

10 The sceptre will not depart from 

Judah, 
Nor the ruler's staff from between his 

feet, 
Until Shiloh come ; 
And to him belongs the obedience of 

the peoples. 

11 Binding his foal to the vine, 

And his ass's colt to the choice vine ; 

He washes his clothes in wine, 

And his raiment in the blood of grapes. 

12 Dark are the eyes with wine, 
And white the teeth with milk. 

15 Zebulon will dwell by the sea- 

coasts, 
And he will be a coast for ships ; 
And his flank will be upon Zidon. 

u Issachar is a bony ass, 
Crouching down among the folds. 
15 And he saw that rest was good, 
And that the land was pleasant ; 
And he bowed his shoulder to bear, 
And became a tributary servant. 

16 Dan will judge his people, 
As one of the tribes of IsraeL 

17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, 
A horned viper by the path, 
That bites the horse's heels, 
And his rider falls backward. 
18 1 wait for thy salvation, Jehovah ! 

19 Gad, a troop will press upon him; 
But he will press upon the heel. 

20 Out of Asher is fatness, his bread ! 
And he will yield dainties of a king. 

21 Naphtali is a hind let loose ; 
One that utters brilliant words. 

22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, 
A fruitful bough by a spring, 

The branches running over the wall. 
23 And archers sorely grieved him, 
And shot at, and persecuted him. 



65 



GENESIS L 



84 And his bow abode in strength ; 
And strong were the arms of his hands, 
From the hands of the Mighty One of 

Jacob, 
From there, the Shepherd, the Stone 

of Israel ; 

25 From the God of thy father,— and 

he will help thee, 
And from the Almighty, — and he will 

bless thee, 
With blessings of the heavens above, 
Blessings of the abyss that lies under, 
Blessings of the breasts and of the 

womb. 

26 The blessings of thy father prevail 
Above the blessings of the eternal 

mountains, 
The delight of the everlasting hills. 
They shall be for the head of Joseph, 
And for the crown of him that was 

separated from his brethren. 

27 Benjamin will raven as a wolf; 
In the morning he will devour the 

prey, 
And at evening he will divide the 
spoil. 

28 All these are the twelve tribes of 
Israel. And this is what their father 
spoke to them, and blessed them ; 
each according to his blessing he 
blessed them. 

29 And he commanded them, and 
said to them, I am to be gathered to 
my people. Bury me with my fathers, 
in the cave that is in the field of Eph- 
ron the Hittite ; 30 in the cave that is 
in the field of Machpelah, which is 
before Mainre in the land of Canaan, 
which Abraham bought with the field 
Of Kphron the Hittite, for a posses- 
sion of a burying-place ; 31 there they 
buried Abraham and Sarah his wife ; 
there they buried Isaac and Rebekah 
his wife, and there I buried Leah ; 

the possession of a field and the cave 
that is therein, from the sons of Heth. 
" And Jacob made an end of com- 
manding his sons ; and he gathered 



up his feet into the bed, and he ex- 
pired, and was gathered to his people. 

CHAPTER L 

1 And Joseph fell upon his father's 
face ; and he wept upon him, and 
kissed him. 2 And Joseph commanded 
his servants, the physicians, to em- 
balm his father ; and the physicians 
embalmed Israel. 3 And forty days 
were completed for him ; for so are 
completed the days of embalming. 
And the Egyptians wept for him sev- 
enty days. 

4 And the days of mourning for 
him were past. And Joseph spoke 
to the house of Pharaoh, saying, If 
now I have found favor in your eyes, 
speak, I pray, in the ears of Pharaoh, 
saying, 5 My father made me swear, 
saying, Behold, I die ; in my grave 
which I have dug for me in the land 
of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. 
Now therefore let me go up, I pray, 
and bury my father, and return. 
6 And Pharaoh said, Go up, and 
bury thy father, according as he 
made thee swear. 

7 And Joseph went up to bury his 
father ; and there went up with him 
all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders 
of his house, and all the elders of the 
land of Egypt, 8 and all the house of 
Joseph, and his brothers, and his 
father's house ; only their little ones, 
and their flocks and their herds, they 
left in the land of Goshen. 9 And 
there went up with him both chariots 
and horsemen. And the company 
was very great. 10 And they came to 
the threshing-floor of Atad, which is 
beyond the Jordan ; and there they 
mourned with a great and very griev- 
ous lamentation ; and he made a 
mourning for his father seven days. 
"And the inhabitants of the land, 
the Canaanites, saw the mourning in 
the threshing-floor of Atad, and they 



66 



EXODUS I 



said, A grievous mourning this, of the 
Egyptians ! Therefore its name was 
called Abel-mizraim, which is beyond 
the Jordan. 

12 And his sons did to him thus, ac- 
cording as he commanded them. 
And his sons carried him to the 
ind of Canaan • and they buried 
im in the cave of the field of Mach- 
ilah, which Abraham bought with 
le field, for a possession of a bury- 
r-place, from Ephron the Hittite, 
;fore Mamre. 

u And Joseph returned to Egypt, 

he, and his brothers, and all who 

:nt up with him to bury his father, 

len he had buried his father. 

15 And Joseph's brothers saw that 

leir father was dead, and they said, 

Joseph should purpose evil against 

and should surely requite to us 

the evil that we did to him ! 

md they sent a charge to Joseph, 

lying, Thy father commanded before 

le died, saying, 1T Thus shall ye say 

Joseph, O forgive, I pray, the tres- 

of thy brothers and their sin, 

it they did evil to thee. Now 

lerefore, forgive, we pray, the tres- 

iss of the servants of thy father's 

)d. And Joseph wept when they 



19 And Joseph said to them, 
for am I in the place of 



spoke to him. 18 And his brothers 
also went and fell down before him ; 
and they said, Behold, we are thy 
servants. 
Fear not 

God ? 20 And as for you, ye intended 
evil against me ; God intended it 
for good, in order to do as at this 
day, to preserve much people alive. 
21 Now therefore, fear not. I will 
nourish you and your little ones. 
And he consoled them, and spoke 
to their heart. 

"And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he 
and his father's house. And Joseph 
lived a hundred and ten years. 23 And 
Joseph saw Ephraim's sons of the 
third generation. The sons also of 
Machir, son of Manasseh, were born 
upon Joseph's knees. 

2 * And Joseph said to his brothers, 
I die ; and God will surely visit you, 
and will bring you up from this land 
to the land which he swore to Abra- 
ham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. 25 And 
Joseph made the sons of Israel swear, 
saying, God will surely visit you, and 
ye shall carry up my bones hence. 
26 And Joseph died, a hundred and 
ten years old. And they embalmed 
him, and put him in a coffin in Egypt. 



EXODUS 



CHAPTER I 

Now these are the names of the 
>ns of Israel that came into Egypt ; 
ich man and his household came 
ith Jacob : 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi 
id Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun and 
mjamin, * Dan and Naphtali, Gad 
ind Asher. 5 And all trfe souls com- 
ig from the loins of Jacob were 



seventy souls, and Joseph was in 
Egypt already. 

6 And Joseph died, and all his 
brothers and all that generation. 

7 And the sons of Israel were fruit- 
ful, and increased abundantly, and 
multiplied and became exceedingly 
mighty ; and the land was filled with 
them. 8 And there arose a new king 
over Egypt, who knew not Joseph. 



67 



EXODUS II 



9 And he said to his people, Behold, 
the people of the sons of Israel are 
more and mightier than we ; "come, 
let us deal wisely with them, lest they 
multiply, and it come to pass that 
when there happens any war, they 
also join with our enemies and fight 
against us, and go up out of the land. 

11 And they set over them task- 
masters, in order to oppress them 
with their burdens. And they built 
for Pharaoh store-cities, Pithom and 
Rameses. 12 But according as they 
oppressed them, so they multiplied 
and so they spread abroad. And 
they were anxious because of the sons 
of Israel. 13 And the Egyptians made 
the sons of Israel serve with rigor, 
rl and they made their lives bitter by 
hard service, in mortar, and in bricks 
and in all manner of service in the 
field, all their service wherein they 
made them serve with rigor. 

15 And the king of Egypt spoke to 
the Hebrew midwives, of whom the 
name of one was Shiphrah, and the 
name of the other Puah, 16 and said, 
When ye do the office of a midwife 
for the Hebrew women, and see them 
upon the birthstool, if it be a son, ye 
shall kill it ; but if it be a daughter, 
it shall live. n But the midwives 
feared God, and did not do as the 
king of Egypt commanded them, but 
saved alive the male children. 

18 And the king of Egypt called the 
midwives, and said to them, Why 
have ye done this thing, and saved 
alive the male children? 19 And the 
midwives said to Pharaoh, Because 
the Hebrew women are not like the 
Egyptian women ; for they are vigor- 
ous ; before the midwife comes in to 
them they are delivered. a0 And God 
dealt well with the midwives. And 
the people multiplied and became 



very mighty. 21 And it came to pass, 
because the midwives feared God, 
that he made for them households. 

"Then Pharaoh charged all his 
people, saying, Every son that is born 
ye shall cast into the river, and every 
daughter ye shall save alive. 

CHAPTER II 

1 And there went a man of the house 
of Levi, and took to wife the daughter 
of Levi. 2 And the woman conceived 
and bore a son ; and she saw that he 
was fair, and she hid him three months. 
3 And when she could not longer hide 
him, she took for him an ark of reeds, 
and daubed it with bitumen and with 
pitch, and put the child in it ; and 
she placed it in the rushes at the edge 
of the river. *And his sister sta- 
tioned herself at a distance to see 
what would be done to him. 

5 And Pharaoh's daughter came 
down to bathe at the river, and her 
maids were walking at the river's 
side ; and she saw the ark amidst the 
rushes, and she sent her hand-maid, 
and she fetched it. 6 And she opened 
it, and saw the child ; and, behold, a 
weeping babe ! And she had com- 
passion on it, and said, This is one of 
the Hebrews' children. 'Then said 
his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall 
I go and call for thee a nurse from 
the Hebrew women, that she may 
nurse the child for thee? 8 And 
Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. 
And the maiden went and called the 
child's mother. 9 And Pharaoh's 
daughter said to her, Take away this 
child and nurse it for me, and I will 
give thy wages. And the woman took 



the child and nursed it. 



And the 



child grew, and she brought him to 
Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her 
son. And she called his name Moses; 



Vcr. 



ii. Store-cities, probably depositories for war supplies. * Ver. 2. Fair, Heb., good. 

Ver. io. Mose*. Heb., Mosheh, a word of Egyptian origin. 



68 



EXODUS III 



and said, Because I drew him from 
the water. 

11 And it came to pass in those days, 
when Moses grew up, that he went 
out to his brethren, and looked on 
their burdens ; and he saw an Egyp- 
smiting a Hebrew, one of his 
rethren. 12 And he turned hither 
id thither, and saw that there was 
man, and he smote the Egyptian, 
id hid him in the sand. I3 And he 
mt out the second day, and behold, 
ro Hebrews were striving together ; 
id he said to the one in the wrong, 
r herefore smitest thou thy fellow? 
And he said, Who appointed thee 
be a master and a judge over us ? 
>ost thou think to kill me as thou 
didst kill the Egyptian ? And Moses 
was afraid, and said, Surely the thing 
is known. 15 And Pharaoh heard of 
this thing, and sought to kill Moses, 
but Moses fled from the face of Pha- 
raoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian ; 
and he sat down by the well. 

16 Now the priest of Midian had 
seven daughters j and they came and 
drew water, and filled the troughs to 
water their father's flock. " And the 
shepherds came and drove them away ; 
but Moses rose up and helped them, 
and watered their flock. 18 And they 
came to Reuel their father, and he 
said, How have you come so quickly 
to-day ? 19 And they said, An Egyp- 
tian delivered us from the hand of the 
shepherds, and he even drew water 
for us, and watered the flock. 
10 And he said to his daughters, And 
where is he? Why is this that ye have 
left the man ? Call him that he may 
eat bread. ai And Moses was content 
to dwell with the man ; and he gave 
Zipporah his daughter to Moses. " And 
she bore a son, and he called his name 



Gershom ; for he said, I have become 
a sojourner in a strange land. 

23 And it came to pass in those many 
days, that the king of Egypt died ; and 
the sons of Israel groaned on account 
of the service, and they cried, and 
their cry came up to God on account 
of the service. 2 *And God heard 
their groaning ; and God remembered 
his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac 
and with Jacob. 25 And God saw the 
sons of Israel, and God regarded them. 

CHAPTER III 

1 And Moses was keeping the flock 
of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest 
of Midian ; and he led the flock to 
the back part of the wilderness, and 
came to the mountain of God, toward 
Horeb. ■ And the Angel of Jehovah 
appeared to him in a flame of fire out 
of the midst of the thorn-bush. And 
he saw, and behold, the thorn-bush 
was burning with fire, but the thorn- 
bush was not consumed. 3 And Moses 
said, I will turn aside now, and see 
this great sight, why the thorn-bush 
does not burn. 4 And Jehovah saw 
that he had turned aside to see, and 
God called to him out of the midst 
of the thorn-bush, and said, Moses, 
Moses. And he said, Here am I. 
5 And he said, Do not draw nigh 
hither ; put off thy shoes from thy 
feet ; for the place on which thou 
standest is holy ground. 6 And he 
said, I am the God o^f thy father, God 
of Abraham, God of Isaac and God 
of Jacob. And Moses hid his face ; 
for he was afraid to look at God. 

7 And Jehovah said, I have surely 
seen the affliction of my people who 
are in Egypt, and their cry on account 
of their taskmasters I have heard ; for 
I know their sorrows ; 8 and I am come 



Ver. io. Drew him, Heb., mashah. Ver. 14. Master, one having authority, supervision. 

Ver. 16. Priest. The word sometimes means prince, ruler. 

Ver 22. Sojourner. Heb., Ger. Ver. 25. Regarded, Heb., knew. Cf. Amos 3 : 2. 

Ver. 1. Jethro, Heb., his excellency, title of Keuel. 



69 



EXODUS IV 



down to deliver them from the hand 
of the Egyptians, and to bring them 
up from that land to a good and broad 
land, to a land flowing with milk and 
honey, to the place of the Canaanite, 
and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and 
the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the 
Jebusite. 'And now, behold, the cry 
of the sons of Israel has come to me, 
and I have seen the affliction with 
which the Egyptians are afflicting 
them. 10 And now, go, and I will 
send thee to Pharaoh, and bring thou 
my people, the sons of Israel, out 
from Egypt. 

11 And Moses said to God, Who am 
I. that I should go to Pharaoh, and 
that I should bring the sons of Israel 
out from Egypt ? 12 And he said, Be- 
cause I will be with thee ; and this 
shall be the sign to thee that I have 
sent thee : when thou bringest the 
people out from Egypt, ye shall serve 
God on this mountain. 

13 And Moses said to God, Behold, 
when I come to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, The God of your fathers 
has sent me to you ; and they shall say 
to me, What is his name ? what shall I 
say to them? u And God said to 
Moses, I am who am. And he said, 
Thus shalt thou say to the sons of Is- 
rael, I AM has sent me to you. 

15 And God said further to Moses, 
Thus shalt thou say to the sons of Is- 
rael, Jehovah, God of your fathers, 
God of Abraham, God of Isaac and 
God of Jacob, has sent me to you. 
This shall be my name forever, and 
this my memorial throughout all gen- 
erations. 16 Go. and gather the elders 
of Israel together, and say to them, 
l< hovah, God of your fathers, God of 
Abraham, of Isaac and of Jacob, ap- 
1 to me, saying, I have surely 
!<d you and that which is done 
to you in Egypt; "and I have said, 



I will bring you up out of the afflic- 
tion of Egypt to the land of the Ca- 
naanite, and the Hittite, and the 
Amorite, and the Perizzite, and the 
Hivite, and the Jebusite, to a land 
flowing with milk and honey. 

18 And they will hearken to thy voice ; 
and thou shalt come, thou and the 
elders of Israel, to the king of Egypt, 
and ye shall say to him, Jehovah, the 
God of the Hebrews, has met with 
us ; and now let us go, we pray, a 
three days' journey into the wilder- 
ness, that we may sacrifice to Jehovah 
our God. 19 And I know that the king 
of Egypt will not permit you to go, 
and he will not by a strong hand. 

20 And I will put forth my hand, and 
smite Egypt with all my wonderful 
works that I will do in the midst of it, 
and after that he will let you go. 

21 And I will give this people favor in 
the eyes of the Egyptians ; and it shall 
come to pass, that when ye go, ye 
shall not go empty ; 22 but each woman 
shall ask of her neighbor and of her 
that sojourns in her house articles of 
silver, and articles of gold and raiment ; 
and ye shall put them upon your sons 
and your daughters ; and ye shall 
spoil the Egyptians. 

CHAPTER IV 

*And Moses answered and said, 
But, behold, they will not believe me, 
and they will not obey my voice ; for 
they will say, Jehovah has not appeared 
to thee. 2 And Jehovah said to him, 
What is that in thy hand ? And he 
said, a staff. 3 And he said, Cast it to 
the ground. And he cast it to the 
ground, and it became a serpent, and 
Moses fled from before it. *And Je- 
hovah said to Moses, Put forth thy 
hand, and seize its tail. And he put 
forth his hand, and seized it, and it 
became a staff in his hand ; 5 that they 



• < ■ M I AM, a form of the verb to be, closet y allied to the name Jehovah, the eternal Being. 

70 



EXODUS IV 



may believe that Jehovah, God of 
their fathers, God of Abraham, God 
of Isaac and God of Jacob, has ap- 
peared to thee. 

K 5 And Jehovah said to him further, 
:t now thy hand into thy bosom, 
id he put his hand into his bosom • 
d he took it out, and behold, his 
hand was leprous, like snow. 7 And 
he said, Return thy hand into thy 

Ksom. And he returned his hand 
o his bosom ; and he took it out 
his bosom, and behold, it was re- 
red like his flesh. 8 And it shall be, if 
they do not believe thee, and do not 
earken to the voice of the first sign, 
at they will believe the voice of the 
latter sign. 9 And it shall be, if they 
do not believe even these two signs, 
and do not hearken to thy voice, that 
thou shalt take of the water of the 
river, and pour it upon the dry ground; 
and the water that thou takest from 
the river shall become blood on the 
dry ground. 

10 And Moses said to Jehovah, O 
my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither 
heretofore, nor since thou hast spoken 
to thy servant ; for I am heavy of 
mouth, and heavy of tongue. u And 
Jehovah said to him, Who appointed 
a mouth to man ? or who makes one 
dumb, or deaf, or seeing, or blind ? 
do not I, Jehovah ? 12 And now, go, 
and I will be with thy mouth, and I 
will teach thee what thou shalt speak. 
"And he said, O my Lord, send, I 
pray thee, by the hand of him whom 
thou wilt send. u And the anger of 
Jehovah was kindled against Moses, 
and he said, Is there not Aaron, thy 
brother, the Levite ? I know that he 
can certainly speak. And also, be- 
hold, he is going to come forth to 
meet thee, and when he sees thee, he 
will be glad in his heart. 15 And thou 
shalt speak to him, and put the words 



into his mouth ; and I will be with 
thy mouth and with his mouth, and 
will teach you what ye shall do. lft And 
he shall speak for thee to the people ; 
and it shall be, that he shall be to 
thee a mouth, and thou shalt be to 
him as God. n And this rod thou 
shalt take in thy hand, with which 
thou shalt do the signs. 

18 And Moses went, and returned to 
Jethro his father-in-law, and said to 
him, Let me go, I pray thee, and 
return to my brethren who are in 
Egypt, and see whether they are still 
alive. And Jethro said to Moses, 
Go in peace. 

19 And Jehovah said to Moses in 
Midian, Go, return to Egypt ; for all 
the men are dead that were seeking 
thy life. 20 And Moses took his wife 
and his sons, and caused them to ride 
upon the ass, and he returned to the 
land of Egypt. And Moses took the 
rod of God in his hand. 

21 And Jehovah said to Moses, When 
thou goest to return to Egypt, see all 
the miracles that I have put in thy 
hand, and thou shalt do them before 
Pharaoh ; but I will make firm his 
heart, and he will not let the people 
go. 22 And thou shalt say to Pharaoh, 
Thus says Jehovah, Israel is my son, 
my firstborn, 23 and I have said to 
thee, Let my son go that he may serve 
me ; and thou hast refused to let him 
go ; behold, I am going to slay thy 
son, thy firstborn. 

24 And it came to pass on the way, 
at the lodging-place, that Jehovah 
met him, and sought to kill him. 
26 Then Zipporah took a flint, and cut 
off the foreskin of her son, and cast 
it at his feet ; and she said, A bride- 
groom of blood art thou to me. * And 
he let go of him ; then she said, A 
bridegroom of blood, in reference to 
the circumcision. 



Ver. 25. Flint, sometimes as sharp as a razor, used as knives in Egypt. 
71 



EXODUS V 



27 And Jehovah said to Aaron, Go 
to meet Moses in the wilderness. And 
he went, and met with him in the 
mountain of God, and kissed him. 
38 And Moses told Aaron all the words 
of Jehovah with which he had sent 
him, and all the signs that he had 
commanded him. 

29 And Moses and Aaron went and 
gathered together all the elders of the 
sons of Israel. 30 And Aaron spoke 
all the words that Jehovah had spoken 
to Moses, and did the signs in the 
sight of the people. 31 And the people 
believed, and when they heard that 
Jehovah had visited the sons of Israel, 
and that he had seen their affliction, 
they bowed down and worshiped. 

CHAPTER V 

1 And afterward Moses and Aaron 
went in, and said to Pharaoh, Thus 
says Jehovah, the God of Israel, Let 
my people go, that they may hold a 
feast to me in the wilderness. 2 And 
Pharaoh said, Who is Jehovah, that 
I should obey his voice to let Israel 
go ? I do not know Jehovah, and 
also I will not let Israel go. 3 And 
they said, The God of the Hebrews 
has met with us ; let us go, we pray 
thee, a three days' journey into the 
wilderness, and sacrifice to Jehovah 
our God ; lest he fall upon us with 
pestilence, or with sword. * And the 
king of Egypt said to them, Where- 
fore will ye, Moses and Aaron, dis- 
miss the people from their works? 
Gel you to your burdens. 5 And 
Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of 
the land are now many, and ye make 
them rest from their burdens. 

•And Pharaoh commanded on that 
day the taskmasters of the people and 
their officers, saying, 7 Ye shall not 
continue to give the people straw to 



make bricks as heretofore ; let them 
go and gather straw for themselves. 
8 And the number of bricks that they 
have been making heretofore ye shall 
appoint to them, ye shall not diminish 
it j for they are idle ; therefore they 
cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to 
our God. 9 Let the service be bur- 
densome upon the men, and let them 
labor in it ; and let them not look to 
false words. 

10 And the taskmasters of the peo- 
ple and their officers went out, and 
spoke to the people, saying, Thus says 
Pharaoh, I am not going to give you 
straw ; n go yourselves, take for you 
straw whence ye can find it ; for noth- 
ing is diminished from your service. 
12 And the people dispersed themselves 
throughout the land of Egypt to 
gather stubble for the straw. 13 And 
the taskmasters were urgent, saying, 
complete your work, each day's task, 
as when there was straw. u And the 
officers of the sons of Israel, whom 
Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over 
them, were beaten, they saying to 
them, Why have ye not completed 
your task in making brick, both yes- 
terday and to-day, as heretofore ? 

15 And the officers of the sons of 
Israel came, and cried to Pharaoh, 
saying, Why dealest thou thus with 
thy servants ? 16 Straw is not given to 
thy servants, yet they say to us, Make 
bricks ; and, behold, thy servants are 
beaten, and thy people sin. 17 And 
he said, Ye are idle, idle ; therefore 
ye say, Let us go and sacrifice to Je- 
hovah. 18 And now go, and work; 
and straw shall not be furnished 
you, but the full number of bricks 
ye shall render. 

19 And the officers of the sons of 
Israel saw that they were in an evil 
case, since it was said, Ye shall not 



Ver. 31. Worshiped, Heb., prostrated themselves. 

Ver 5. Dismiss, cause to cease. Ver. 6. Officers, Hebrews responsible for the work assigned. 

Vcr. 7. Straw, chopped fine for mixing with the clay. 

72 



EXODUS VI 



diminish aught from your daily task 
of bricks. 30 And they came upon 
Moses and Aaron, who were standing 
to meet them, as they came out from 
Pharaoh; 21 and they said to them, 
Jehovah look upon you, and judge ; 
because ye have made our savor to be 
offensive in the eyes of Pharaoh and 
in the eyes of his servants, to put a 
sword in their hands to slay us. 

33 And Moses returned to Jehovah, 
id said, O Lord, why hast thou dealt 
ill with this people? why is it that 
thou hast sent me ? 23 For from the 
time that I came to Pharaoh to speak 
in thy name, he has done evil to this 
people, and thou hast not delivered 
thy people at all. 

CHAFFER VI 

x And Jehovah said to Moses, Now 
thou wilt see what I shall do to Pha- 
raoh ; for through a strong hand he 
shall let them go, and through a 
strong hand he shall drive them out 
from his land. 

3 And God spoke to Moses, and 
said to him, I am Jehovah ; 3 and I 
appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and 
to Jacob, as God Almighty; but by 
my name Jehovah I was not known 
to them. * And also I established my 
covenant with them, to give them the 
land of Canaan, the land of their so- 
journings, in which they sojourned. 

5 And also I have heard the groaning 
of the sons of Israel, whom the 
Egyptians are making to serve ; and I 
have remembered my covenant. 

6 Therefore say to the sons of Israel, 
I am Jehovah ; and I will bring you 
out from under the burdens of the 
Egyptians, and I will deliver you from 
their service, and I will redeem you 
with an arm stretched forth and with 
great judgments ; : and I will take you 
to be my people, and I will be your 

Ver. 8. Lifted up my hand, in the act of swearing. 



God. And ye shall know that I Je- 
hovah am your God, who brings you 
out from under the burdens of the 
Egyptians ; 8 and I will bring you into 
the land which I lifted up my hand 
to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to 
Jacob ; and I will give it to you as a 
possession, I Jehovah. 

9 And Moses spoke thus to the sons 
of Israel ; but they hearkened not to 
Moses because of anguish of spirit, 
and because of hard service. 

10 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, u Go in, speak to Pharaoh 
king of Egypt, that he let the sons of 
Israel go out of his land. 12 And 
Moses spoke before Jehovah, saying, 
Behold the sons of Israel have not 
hearkened to me, and how will Pha- 
raoh hear me? and I am uncircum- 
cised of lips. "And Jehovah spoke 
to Moses and to Aaron, and gave 
them a charge to the sons of Israel, 
and to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to 
bring the sons of Israel out from the 
land of Egypt. 

"These are the heads of their 
fathers' houses : The sons of Reuben 
the firstborn of Israel : Hanoch, and 
Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi ; these are 
the families of Reuben. 15 And the 
sons of Simeon : Jemuel, and Jamin, 
and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, 
and Shaul the son of the Canaanite 
woman ; these are the families of 
Simeon. 16 And these are the names 
of the sons of Levi, according to 
their generations : Gershon, and Ko- 
hath, and Merari. And the years 
of the life of Levi were a hundred 
and thirty-seven years. "The sons 
of Gershon : Libni, and Shimei, ac- 
cording to their families. 18 And the 
sons of Kohath : Amram, and Izhar, 
and Hebron, and Uzziel. And the 
years of the life of Kohath were a 
hundred and thirty-three years. 19 And 



14. Fathers' houses, family divisions. 



73 



EXODUS VII 



the sons of Merari : Mahali, and 
Mushi ; these are the families of Levi 
-ding to their generations. 20 And 
Amrara took Jochebed his father's 
sister for his wife ; and she bore to 
him Aaron and Moses. And the 
years of the life of Amrani were a 
hundred and thirty-seven years. 21 And 
the sons of Izhar : Korah, and Ne- 
pheg and Zichri. 2i And the sons of 
Uzziel : Mishael, and Elzaphan and 
Sithri. 23 And Aaron took Elisheba, 
daughter of Amminadab, sister of 
Naashon, for his wife ; and she bore 
to him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and 
Ithamar. "And the sons of Korah : 
Assir, and Elkanah and Abiasaph ; 
these are the families of the Korahites. 
25 And Eleazar, Aaron's son, took one 
•of the daughters of Putiel for his wife ; 
and she bore to him Phinehas. 
These are the heads of the fathers' 
houses of the Levites, according to 
their families. 

26 This is the Aaron and the Moses, 
to whom Jehovah said, Bring out the 
sons of Israel from the land of Egypt 
according to their hosts. 27 These are 
they who spoke to Pharaoh king of 
Egypt, to bring out the sons of Israel 
from Egypt ; this is the Moses and 
the Aaron. 

\nd it came to pass on the day 
when Jehovah spoke to Moses in the 
land of Egypt, ~ 9 that Jehovah spoke 
to Moses saying, I am Jehovah ; 
speak thou to Pharaoh king of Egypt 
all that I am about to speak to thee. 
1 Moses said before Jehovah, 
Behold, I am uncircumcised of lips, 
and how will Pharaoh hearken tome? 



Ml A ITER VII 

1 And Jehovah said to Moses, See, 

I have appointed thee as a god to 

Pharaoh, life] Aaron thy brother shall 

Ky prophet. J Thou shalt speak 

all that 1 shall command thee ; and 



Aaron thy brother shall speak to Pha- 
raoh, that he let the sons of Israel go 
out of his land. 3 And I will make 
stubborn Pharaoh's heart ; and I will 
multiply my signs and my wonders in 
the land of Egypt ; 4 and Pharaoh 
will not hearken to you, and I will put 
forth my hand against Egypt, and I 
will bring my hosts, my people, the 
sons of Israel, out from the land of 
Egypt by great judgments. 5 And the 
Egyptians shall know that I am Je- 
hovah, when I stretch forth my hand 
upon Egypt ; and I will bring out the 
sons of Israel from among them. 6 And 
Moses and Aaron did so, as Jehovah 
commanded them, so did they. 

7 And Moses was eighty years old, 
and Aaron was eighty-three years old, 
when they spoke to Pharaoh. 

8 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
to Aaron, saying, 9 When Pharaoh shall 
speak to you, saying, Show for your- 
selves a wonder ; then shalt thou say 
to Aaron, Take thy rod, and cast it 
before Pharaoh, that it become a ser- 



pent. 



And Moses and Aaron went 



in to Pharaoh, and did so, as Jehovah 
commanded ; and Aaron cast down 
his rod before Pharaoh and before his 
servants, and it became a serpent. 
v And Pharaoh also called for the wise 
men and the sorcerers ; and they also, 
the magicians of Egypt, did in like 
manner by their enchantments ; n and 
they cast down each one his rod, and 
they became serpents. And Aaron's 
rod swallowed up their rods. 13 And 
Pharaoh's heart was firm, and he 
hearkened not to them, as Jehovah 
had said. 

14 And Jehovah said to Moses, 
Pharaoh's heart is heavy, he has re- 
fused to let the people go. 15 Go to 
Pharaoh in the morning ; lo, he is 
about to go forth to the water ; and 
thou shalt take thy stand to meet him 
at the edge of the river ; and the rod 

74. 



EXODUS VIII 



hoi. 



that was turned to a serpent thou 
shalt take in thy hand. 16 And thou 
shalt say to him, Jehovah, the God 
of the Hebrews, sent me to thee, say- 
ing, Let my people go, that they may 
serve me in the wilderness ; and be- 
hold, thou hast not hearkened hitherto. 
7 Thus says Jehovah, By this shalt 
u know that I am Jehovah : Be- 
old, I shall strike with the rod that 
is in my hand upon the water that is 
in the river, and it will be turned into 
blood, 18 and the fish that are in the 
river will die, and the river will be 
offensive ; and the Egyptians will 
loathe to drink water from the river. 

19 And Jehovah said to Moses, Say 
to Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch 
forth thy hand over the waters of 
Egypt : over their streams, over their 
rivers, and over their pools, and over 
all their reservoirs of water, and they 
shall become blood ; and there shall 
be blood in all the land of Egypt, 
both in vessels of wood and in vessels 
of stone. 

20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as 
Jehovah commanded ; and he lifted 
up the rod, and smote the water that 
was in the river, in the sight of Pha- 
raoh and in the sight of his servants. 
And all the water that was in the river 
was turned to blood. 21 And the fish 
that were in the river died ; and the 
river was offensive, and the Egyptians 
could not drink water from the river. 
And there was blood in all the land 
of Egypt. 22 And the magicians of 
Egypt did in like manner by their en- 
chantments ; and Pharaoh's heart was 
firm, and he did not hearken to them, 
as Jehovah had said. 23 And Pharaoh 
turned and went into his house, and 
he did not lay even this to heart. 
u And all the Egyptians digged round 
about the river for water to drink ; for 
they could not drink of the water of 
the river. 



25 And seven days were completed 
after Jehovah had smitten the river. 

CHAPTER VIII 

1 And Jehovah said to Moses, Go in 
to Pharaoh, and say to him, Thus says 
Jehovah, Let my people go, that they 
may serve me. ' And if thou refuse 
to let them go, behold, I am about 
to smite all thy borders with frogs , 
3 and the river will swarm with frogs, 
and they will come up and enter into 
thy house, and into thy bedchamber, 
and upon thy bed, and into the house 
of thy servants, and upon thy people, 
and into thy ovens, and into thy bread 
trays ; * and upon thee, and upon thy 
people and upon all thy servants, shall 
the frogs come up. 

5 And Jehovah said to Moses, Say 
to Aaron, Stretch forth thy hand with 
thy rod over the streams, over the 
rivers and over the pools, and cause 
the frogs to come up upon the land 
of Egypt. 6 And Aaron stretched 
forth his hand over the waters of 
Egypt ; and the frogs came up and 
covered the land of Egypt. 7 And the 
magicians did in like manner by their 
enchantments, and they brought up 
frogs upon the land of Egypt. 

8 And Pharaoh called Moses and 
Aaron, and said, Entreat Jehovah, 
that lie may remove the frogs from me 
and from my people ; and I will let 
the people go, that they may sacrifice 
to Jehovah. 9 And Moses said to 
Pharaoh, Designate to me, at what 
time shall I entreat for thee, and for 
thy servants and for thy people, to 
destroy the frogs from thee and from 
thy houses? only in the river shall 
they be left. 10 And he said, To-mor- 
row. And he said, It shall be accord- 
ing to thy word ; in order that thou 
mayest know that there is none like 
to Jehovah our God. u And the frogs 
shall depart from thee, and from thy 



75 



EXODUS VIII 



houses, and from thy servants and 
from thy people ; only in the river 
shall they be left. 

12 And Moses and Aaron went out 
from Pharaoh ; and Moses cried to 
Jehovah concerning the frogs which 
he had brought against Pharaoh. 
13 And Jehovah did according to the 
word of Moses ; and the frogs died 
off, from the houses, from the villages 
and frum the fields. u And they 
gathered them into heaps ; and the 
land stank. 15 But when Pharaoh saw 
that the respite had come, he made 
heavy his heart, and hearkened not to 
them, as Jehovah had said. 

16 And Jehovah said to Moses, Say 
to Aaron, Stretch forth thy rod, and 
smite the dust of the land, and it shall 
become gnats in all the land of Egypt. 

17 And they did so ; and Aaron 
stretched forth his hand with his rod, 
and smote the dust of the land, and 
there were gnats, on man and on 
beast ; all the dust of the land be- 
came gnats in all the land of Egypt. 

18 And the magicians did in like 
manner with their enchantments to 
bring forth gnats, but they could not. 
And the gnats were on man and on 
beast. ,9 And the magicians said to 
Pharaoh, This is the finger of God. 
But Pharaoh's heart was firm, and 
he hearkened not to them, as Jeho- 
vah had said. 

20 And Jehovah said to Moses, Arise 
early in the morning, and take thy 
stand before Pharaoh ; behold, he is 
about to go forth to the water ; and 
thou shalt say to him, Thus says Je- 
hovah, Let my people go, that they 
may serve me; ?} for if thou do not 
let my people go, behold, I am about 
to send against thee, and against thy 
nts, and against thy people, and 
D It thy houses the flies ; and the 
houses of the Egyptians shall be filled 



with the flies, and even the ground on 
which they are. 22 And I will separate 
in that day the land of Goshen, on 
which my people are dwelling, that 
no flies shall be there ; in order that 
thou mayest know that I Jehovah am 
in the midst of the land. 23 And I 
will make a distinction between my 
people and thy people. To-morrow 
shall this sign be. 

24 And Jehovah did so ; and there 
came grievous flies into the house of 
Pharaoh and into the house of his 
servants ; and in all the land of Egypt 
the land was being laid waste by rea- 
son of the flies. 

25 And Pharaoh called Moses and 
Aaron, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to 
your God in the land. 26 And Moses 
said, It is not fitting so to do ; for we 
should sacrifice the abomination of 
the Egyptians to Jehovah our God ; 
behold, if we sacrifice the abomina- 
tion of the Egyptians before their 
eyes, will they not stone us? 27 We 
will go a three days' journey into the 
wilderness, and sacrifice to Jehovah 
our God, according as he shall direct 
us. 28 And Pharaoh said, I will let 
you go, that ye may sacrifice to Jeho- 
vah your God in the wilderness ; only 
ye shall not go very far away. En- 
treat for me. 29 And Moses said, Be- 
hold, I am going out from thee, and I 
will entreat Jehovah j and the flies 
will depart from Pharaoh, from his 
servants and from his people to-mor- 
row j only let not Pharaoh continue 
to deal deceitfully, not to let the peo- 
ple go to sacrifice to Jehovah. 

30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, 
and entreated Jehovah. U1 And Jeho- 
vah did according to the word of 
Moses ; and he removed the flies from 
Pharaoh, from his servants and from 
his people ; there did not remain one. 
32 But Pharaoh made heavy his heart 



Vtr. K,. Of Cod. or of the gods ; Heb., the elohim. 
7 6 



EXODUS IX 



this time also, and did not let the 
people go. 

CHAPTER IX 

*And Jehovah said to Moses, Go 
in to Pharaoh, and speak to him, say- 
ing, Thus says Jehovah the God of 
the Hebrews, Let my people go, that 
ley may serve me. 2 For if thou re- 
ise to let them go, and still hold 
lem ; 3 behold, the hand of Jehovah 
about to be upon thy cattle that are 
the field : upon the horses, upon 
te asses, upon the camels, upon the 
lerds and upon the flocks, a very 
;vere pestilence. 4 And Jehovah will 
lake a distinction between the cattle 
Israel and the cattle of Egypt ; and 
lere shall not die a thing of all that 
:longs to the sons of Israel. 5 And 
ihovah appointed a set time, saying, 
o-morrow Jehovah will do this thing 
the land. 

6 And Jehovah did this thing on the 
morrow ; and all the cattle of the 
Egyptians died j but of the cattle of 
the sons of Israel there did not one 
die. 7 And Pharaoh sent, and behold, 
there had not died of the cattle of the 
Israelites even one. And the heart 
of Pharaoh became heavy, and he did 
not let the people go. 

8 And Jehovah said to Moses and 
to Aaron, Take for you handfuls of 
ashes of a furnace, and let Moses 
sprinkle it toward the heavens in the 
sight of Pharaoh ; 9 and it shall be- 
come fine dust over all the land of 
Egypt, and it shall become boils break- 
ing out in blains, on man and on beast, 
in all the land of Egypt. 10 And they 
took the ashes of a furnace, and stood 
before Pharaoh ; and Moses sprinkled 
it toward the heavens, and it became 
boils breaking out in blains on man 
and on beast. n And the magicians 

Ver. 3. Cattle, Heb., possession 
Vcr. 8. Furnace, those used for smelting metals. 



were not able to stand before Moses 
because of the boils ; for the boils 
were on the magicians and on all the 
Egyptians. 12 And Jehovah made firm 
the heart of Pharaoh, and he heark- 
ened not to them, as Jehovah had said 
to Moses. 

13 And Jehovah said to Moses, Arise 
early in the morning, and take thy 
stand before Pharaoh, and say to him, 
Thus says Jehovah, the God of the 
Hebrews, Let my people go, that they 
may serve me. " For this time I am 
going to send all my plagues into thy 
heart, and upon thy servants and upon 
thy people ; that thou mayest know 
that there is none like me in all the 
earth. 15 For now I would have put 
forth my hand, and smitten thee and 
thy people with the pestilence, and 
thou wouldest have been cut off from 
the earth j 16 but for this have I caused 
thee to stand : in order to show thee 
my power, and in order to declare my 
name in all the earth. " If thou still 
exalt thyself against my people, not to 
let them go, 1H behold, to-morrow at 
this time I am going to send a very 
severe hail, such as there has not been 
in Egypt even from the day it was 
founded until now. 19 And now send, 
place in safety thy cattle and all that 
thou hast in the field. Every man 
and beast that shall be found in the 
field, and shall not be brought to the 
house, the hail shall come down upon 
them, and they shall die. 

20 He that feared the word of Jeho- 
vah of the servants of Pharaoh made 
his servants and his cattle flee into the 
houses; 21 and he that regarded not 
the word of Jehovah left his servants 
and his cattle in the field. 

22 And Jehovah said to Moses, Stretch 
forth thy hand toward the heavens, and 
let there be hail in all the land of Egypt, 

, referring to domestic animals. 

Ver. 9. Boils, inflamed ulcers, probably elephantiasis 



77 



EXODUS X 



upon man, and upon beast and upon 
all the herbs of the field, in all the 
land of Egypt. " And Moses stretched 
forth his rod toward the heavens, and 
Jehovah sent thunder and hail, and 
fire came to the earth ; and Jehovah 
rained hail upon the land of Egypt. 

24 And there was hail, and fire mingled 
with the hail, very severe, sucli as 
there had not been in all the land of 
Egypt since it had become a nation. 

25 And the hail smote in all the land of 
Egypt all that was in the field, both 
man and beast ; and the hail smote 
all the herbs of the field, and shat- 
tered all the trees of the field. 26 Only 
in the land of Goshen, where the sons 
of Israel were, there was no hail. 

27 And Pharaoh sent, and called 
Moses and Aaron, and said to them, 
I have sinned this time ; Jehovah is 
the righteous one, and I and my 
people the wicked. 28 Entreat Jeho- 
vah, and let there be no more thun- 
derings of God and hail, and I will 
let you go, and ye shall stay no longer. 
29 And Moses said to him, As I go out 
of the city, I will spread abroad my 
hands to Jehovah ; and the thunder 
will cease, and the hail will be no 
more ; in order that thou mayest know 



that the earth is Jehovah' 



But as 



for thee and thy servants, I know that 
ye will not yet be afraid of Jehovah 
God. 3I And the flax and the barley 
were smitten ; for the barley was in 
head, and the flax was in blossom. 
M But the wheat and the spelt were 
not smitten ; for they are of late 
growth. M And Moses went out of 
the city from Pharaoh, and spread 
;il>road his hands to Jehovah ; and the 
thunders and the hail ceased, and the 
rain was not poured upon the earth. 
34 And Pharaoh saw that the rain and 
the hail and the thunders had ceased, 



and he continued to sin, and he made 
heavy his heart, he and his servants. 
35 And the heart of Pharaoh was firm, 
and he did not let the sons of Israel 
go, as Jehovah had spoken by Moses. 

CHAPTER X 

*And Jehovah said to Moses, Go 
in to Pharaoh ; for I have made his 
heart heavy and the heart of his serv- 
ants, in order that I may do these my 
signs in the midst of them ; 2 and in 
order that thou mayest recount in 
the ears of thy son and of thy son's 
son how I did my pleasure with the 
Egyptians, and my signs that I did 
among them ; and ye shall know that 
I am Jehovah. 

3 And Moses and Aaron came in to 
Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus says 
Jehovah, the God of the Hebrews, 
How long wilt thou refuse to be hum- 
bled before me ? Let my people go, 
that they may serve me. * For if thou 
refuse to let my people go, behold, 
to-morrow I am going to bring locusts 
into thy borders ; 5 and they will cover 
the surface of the land, so that one 
will not be able to see the land ; and 
they will eat the residue of that which 
has escaped, which is left to you from 
the hail, and they will eat all the trees 
that grow for you out of the field ; 
6 and they will fill thy houses, and the 
houses of all thy servants and the 
houses of all the Egyptians ; such as 
neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers' 
fathers have seen, from the day they 
were upon the land to this day. And 
he turned and went out from Pharaoh. 

7 And Pharaoh's servants said to 
him, How long shall this man be a 
snare to us? Let the men go, that 
they may serve Jehovah their God : 
dost thou not yet know that Egypt is 
destroyed? 8 And Moses and Aaron 

b., fire infolding itself. 



Vcr. =4. Fire mingled, H 
Vcr. 2. Oul my pleasure, Hcb., to do anything to the full, here referring to God's judgments 
Vcr. 5. Surface, Hel)., eye. 



7S 



EXODUS XI 



to Pharaoh, and he said 
serve Jehovah your God, 



were brought 
to them, Go, 
but who are they that are going ? tt And 
Moses said, with our young men and 
with our old men we will go, with our 
sons and with our daughters, with our 
flocks and with our herds will we go; for 
we hold the feast of Jehovah. 10 And 
he said to thern, Let Jehovah be so with 
you, as I will let you and your families 
jo ; look to it ; for evil is before you. 
Not so ; go now ye that are men, 
td serve Jehovah • for ye were seek- 
that. And lie drove them out from 
le presence of Pharaoh. 
13 And Jehovah said to Moses, 
retch forth thy hand over the land 
Egypt for the locusts, and let them 
>me up upon the land of Egypt and 
it all the herbs of the land, all that 
le hail has left. ls And Moses 
■etched forth his rod over the land 
Egypt ; and Jehovah brought an 
ist wind upon the land all that day 
id all that night ; and when it was 
lorning, the east wind had brought 
le locusts. u And the locusts came 
ip over all the land of Egypt, and 
settled down in all the borders of 
Egypt ; very grievous were they ; be- 
fore them there had not been such 
locusts as they, neither after them shall 
there be such. 15 And they covered the 
surface of the whole land, and the land 
was darkened ; and they did eat all the 
herbs of the land and all the fruit of the 
trees that the hail had left ; and there 
was not left anything green of the trees 
nor of the herbs of the field in all the 
land of Egypt. 

M And Pharaoh hastened to call Mo- 
ses and Aaron ; and he said, I have 
sinned against Jehovah your God, and 
against you ; " and now, forgive, I pray 
thee, my sin this time only, and en- 
treat Jehovah your God, that he may 
remove from me this death only. 



1S And he went out from Pharaoh, and 
entreated Jehovah. l9 And Jehovah 
turned a very strong west wind, which 
took away the locusts, and drove them 
into the Red Sea ; there did not re- 
main one locust in all the borders of 
Egypt. 20 But Jehovah made firm 
Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let 
the sons of Israel go. 

21 And Jehovah said to Moses, 
Stretch forth thy hand toward the 
heavens, and let there be darkness 
over the land of Egypt, even dark- 
ness that may be felt. 22 And Moses 
stretched forth his hand toward the 
heavens, and there was thick darkness 
in all the land of Egypt three days ; 
23 they saw not one another, neither 
rose any from his place for three days ; 
but all the sons of Israel had light in 
their dwelling-places. 

24 And Pharaoh called to Moses, 
and said, Go ye, serve Jehovah ; 
only let your flocks and your herds 
be left ; also your families shall go 
with you. 25 And Moses said, Thou 
shalt also give into our hands sacri- 
fices and burnt offerings, that we may 
sacrifice to Jehovah our God. 26 Our 
cattle shall also go with us ; there 
shall not be left a hoof j for we shall 
take from them to serve Jehovah our 
God ; and we ourselves know not 
with what we shall serve Jehovah until 
we come thither. 2T But Jehovah 
made firm Pharaoh's heart, and he 
was not willing to let them go. 28 And 
Pharaoh said to him, Get thee from 
me, take heed to thyself, do not again 
see my face ; for in the day that thou 
seest my face thou shalt die. 29 And 
Moses said, Thou hast spoken rightly ; 
I will see thy face again no more. 

CHAPTER XI 

1 And Jehovah said to Moses, One 
plague more will I bring upon Pha- 



Ver. 2i. Darkness that may be felt, Heb., let one feel out darkness, /. e., grope about. 

79 



EXODUS XII 



raoh, and upon Egypt ; afterward he 
will let you go hence. When he lets 
you go, he will surely drive you out 
hence altogether. 2 Speak now in the 
ears of the people, and let them ask, 
each man of his neighbor, and each 
woman of her neighbor, articles of 
silver and articles of gold. 

3 And Jehovah gave the people 
favor in the eyes of the Egyptians ; 
also the man Moses was very great 
in the land of Egypt in the eyes of 
the servants of Pharaoh and in the 
eyes of the people. 

4 And Moses said, Thus says Jeho- 
vah, About midnight I am going forth 
into the midst of Egypt ; 5 and every 
firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, 
from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits 
on his throne, to the firstborn of the 
maid-servant that is behind the mill, and 
every firstborn of beast. 6 And there 
shall be a great cry in all the land of 
Egypt, like which there has not been, 
nor shall there be again. 7 But against 
any of the sons of Israel there shall not 
a dog move its tongue, against man or 
beast ; that ye may know that Jehovah 
distinguishes between the Egyptians 
and Israel. 8 And all these thy servants 
shall come down to me, and bow 
down to me, saying, Get thee out, 
and all the people that follow thee j 
and after that I will go out. And he 
went out from Pharaoh in hot anger. 

'And Jehovah said to Moses, Pha- 
raoh will not hearken to you, that my 
wonders may be multiplied in the 
land of Egypt. 10 And Moses and 
Aaron did all these wonders before 
Pharaoh ; and Jehovah made firm 
Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let 
the sons of Israel go from his land. 

CHAPTER XII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 



2 This month shall be to you the be- 
ginning of months ; it shall be to you 
the first month of the year. 3 Speak 
ye to all the congregation of Israel, 
saying, On the tenth day of this 
month they shall take to them each 
man a lamb, according to their fathers' 
houses, a lamb for a household, * and 
if the household be too few for a 
lamb, then he and his neighbor next 
to his house shall take it, according 
to the number of the persons, accord- 
ing to each one's eating ye shall make 
count for the lamb. 5 A lamb with- 
out blemish, a male a year old ye 
shall have ; ye shall take one from the 
sheep, or from the goats ; 6 and ye 
shall keep it until the fourteenth day 
of this month ; and the whole assem- 
bly of the congregation of Israel shall 
kill it in the evening. ' And they 
shall take some of the blood, and put 
it on the two doorposts and on the 
lintel of the houses in which they 
shall eat it. 8 And they shall eat the 
flesh in that night roasted with fire, 
and unleavened bread ; with biUer 
herbs shall they eat it. 9 Eat none of 
it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but 
roasted with fire ; its head, with its 
legs and with its inwards. 10 And ye 
shall let nothing of it remain until the 
morning ; and that which remains of 
it until the morning ye shall burn 
with fire. u And in this manner shall 
ye eat it : with your loins girded, your 
shoes on your feet, and your staff in 
your hand ; ye shall eat it in haste ; it 
is a passover to Jehovah. 12 And I 
will pass through the land of Egypt in 
that night, and I will smite every first- 
born in the land of Egypt, of both 
man and beast ; and against all the 
gods of Egypt I will execute judg- 
ment, I Jehovah. 13 And the blood 
shall be to you for a sign on the 
houses where ye are ; and when I 



Ver. 3. Lamb, the ward means one of a flock, either sheep or goat, and does not designate the age. 

80 



EXODUS XII 



y 

i 



see the blood, I will pass over you, 
and there shall not be upon you a 
plague to destroy, when I smite the 
land of Egypt. 

14 And this day shall be to you for a 
memorial ; and ye shall keep it a feast 
to Jehovah ; throughout your genera- 
tions ye shall keep it a feast by a per- 
petual statute. 15 Seven days ye shall 
eat unleavened bread : even the first 
day ye shall put away leaven from 
your houses ; for whosoever eats 
leavened bread from the first day 
until the seventh day, that soul shall 
be cut off from Israel. 16 And on the 
first day there shall be to you a holy 
convocation, and on the seventh day 

holy convocation ; no work shall be 
done in them, except that which is for 
every one to eat, that only may be 
prepared by you. " And ye shall ob- 
serve the feast of unleavened bread ; 
for in this selfsame day have I brought 
your hosts out from the land of Egypt ; 
and ye shall observe this day through- 
out your generations as a perpetual 
statute. 18 In the first month, on the 
fourteenth day of the month at even- 
ing, ye shall eat unleavened bread, un- 
til the twenty-first day of the month at 
evening. ltt Seven days leaven shall not 
be found in your houses; for whosoever 
eats that which is leavened, that soul 
shall be cut off from the congregation 
of Israel, whether he be a sojourner or 
a native of the land. 30 Ye shall eat 
nothing leavened ; in all your dwelling- 
places ye shall eat unleavened bread. 

21 And Moses called all the elders of 
Israel, and said to them, Draw out, 



none of you shall go out of the door 
of his house until morning. 23 And 
Jehovah will pass through to smite the 
Egyptians, and when he sees the blood 
on the lintel and on the two posts, 
Jehovah will pass over the door, and 
will not permit the destroyer to come 
into your houses to smite you. 2i And 
ye shall observe this thing as a statute 
for thee and for thy sons forever. 
25 And it shall be, when ye come into 
the land which Jehovah shall give to 
you as he has promised, that ye shall 
observe this service. 26 And it shall 
be, when your sons shall say to you, 
What is this service to you ? P? that ye 
shall say, It is a passover sacrifice to 
Jehovah, who passed over the houses 
of the sons of Israel in Egypt when 
he smote the Egyptians, and he de- 
livered our houses. 

And the people bowed down and 
worshiped. 28 And the sons of Is- 
rael went and did as Jehovah had 
commanded Moses and Aaron, so 
did they. 

29 And it came to pass at midnight, 
that Jehovah smote every firstborn in 
the land of Egypt, from the firstborn 
of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to 
the firstborn of the captive that was 
in the dungeon, and every firstborn 
of the cattle. 

30 And Pharaoh arose in the night, 
he and all his servants, and all the 
Egyptians, and there was a great cry 
in Egypt ; for there was not a house 
where there was not one dead ; 3l and 
he called Moses and Aaron in the 
night, and said, Rise up, and get you 



and take for you from the flock ac- j forth from the midst of my people. 



cording to your families, and kill the 
passover. 22 And ye shall take a bunch 
of hyssop, and dip it in the blood 
that is in the basin, and touch the 
lintel and the two posts with some of 
the blood that is in the basin ; and 

Vtr. 13. Pass over, the Heb. 

G 



both ye, and the sons of Israel ; and 
go, serve Jehovah, as ye have said. 
32 Take also your flocks and your 
herds, as ye have said, and go ; and 
bless me also. 

33 And Egypt urged the people 

about same as English to skip. The word " paschal " is derived from it. 
8! 



EXODUS XIII 



strongly to hasten, in order to let them 
go out of the land ; for they said, We 
are all going to die. 34 And the people 
took their dough before it was leav- 
ened, their bread trays being bound up 
in their clothes on their shoulders. 

3i And the sons of Israel did accord- 
ing to the word of Moses : and they 
asked of the Egyptians articles of 
silver, and articles of gold, and rai- 
ment. M And Jehovah gave the peo- 
ple favor in the eyes of the Egyptians, 
and they gave them what they asked ; 
and they spoiled the Egyptians. 

37 And the sons of Israel journeyed 
from Rameses to Succoth, there being 
about six hundred thousand foot- 
soldiers, men, besides their families. 
38 And also a mixed multitude went 
up with them ; and flocks and herds, 
very many cattle. 39 And they baked 
unleavened cakes of the dough that 
they brought out of Egypt ; for it was 
not leavened ; because they were 
driven out of Egypt, and could not 
tarry, and they had not prepared for 
themselves any victuals. 

40 Now the time of the dwelling of 
the sons of Israel that they dwelt in 
Egypt, was four hundred and thirty 
years. 41 And it came to pass at the 
end of four hundred and thirty years, 
on that very day it came to pass, that 
all the hosts of Jehovah went out from 
the land of Egypt. 42 It is a night to 
be observed to Jehovah for bringing 
them out of the land of Egypt « this 
is that night to be observed to Je- 
hovah of all the sons of Israel through- 
out their generations. 

45 And Jehovah said to Moses and 
Aaron, This is the statute of the pass- 
over : there shall no foreigner eat of 
it ; 44 but any man's servant that is 
bought, when thou hast circumcised 
him, then shall he eat of it. 45 A 
stranger or a hired servant shall not 
eat of it. 40 in one house it shall be 



eaten ; thou shalt not carry any of the 
flesh abroad out of the house ; neither 
shall ye break a bone of it. * 7 All the 
congregation of Israel shall keep it. 
43 And when a sojourner shall sojourn 
with thee, and would keep the pass- 
over to Jehovah ; let all his males be 
circumcised, and then let him come 
near to keep it ; and he shall be as a 
native of the land ; but no uncircum- 
cised person shall eat of it. 49 One 
law shall there be for the native 
and for the sojourner that sojourns 
among you. 

50 And all the sons of Israel did so ; 
as Jehovah commanded Moses and 
Aaron, so did they. 51 And it came 
to pass on that very day that Jehovah 
brought the sons of Israel out of the 
land of Egypt according to their hosts. 

CHAPTER XIII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Sanctify to me every firstborn, 
whatsoever is firstborn among the sons 
of Israel, both of man and of beast, 
it is mine. 

3 And Moses said to the people, 
Remember this day, in which ye have 
gone out from Egypt, from the house 
of bondage ; for by strength of hand 
Jehovah has brought you out from 
this place ; and leavened bread shall 
not be eaten. 4 To-day ye are going 
out in the month of Abib. 5 And it 
shall be, when Jehovah shall bring 
thee into the land of the Canaanite, 
and the Hittite, and the Amorite, and 
the Hivite, and the Jebusite, which 
he swore to thy fathers to give to thee, 
a land flowing with milk and honey, 
that thou shalt keep this service in 
this month. 6 Seven days shalt thou 
eat unleavened bread, and on the 
seventh day there shall be a feast to 
Jehovah. ' Unleavened bread shall 
be eaten the seven days, and leavened 
bread shall not be seen with thee, 



82 



EXODUS XIV 



neither shall leaven be seen with thee 
in all thy borders. 

8 And thou shalt tell thy son in that 
day, saying, It is because of that which 
Jehovah did for me when I came out 
from Egypt. 9 And it shall be to thee 
as a sign on thy hand, and as a me- 
morial between thy eyes, in order that 
the law of Jehovah may be in thy 
mouth ; for with a strong hand Je- 
hovah has brought thee out from 
Egypt ; 10 and thou shalt keep this 
statute in its season from year to year. 

11 And it shall be, when Jehovah 
shall bring thee into the land of the 
Canaanite, as he swore to thee and to 
thy fathers, and shall give it to thee, 
12 that thou shalt set apart to Jehovah 
every one that is firstborn, and every 
firstborn of beast that thou shalt have ; 
the males shall be Jehovah's. u And 
every firstborn of the ass thou shalt 
redeem with a lamb ; and if thou re- 
deem it not, then shalt thou break its 
neck ; and every firstborn of man 
among thy sons thou shalt redeem. 

14 And it shall be, when thy son 
shall ask thee hereafter, saying, What 
is this ? that thou shalt say to him, By 
strength of hand Jehovah brought us 
out from Egypt, from the house of 
bondage ; 15 and it came to pass, when 
Pharaoh was stubborn about letting us 
go, that Jehovah slew every firstborn 
in the land of Egypt, from the first- 
born of man to the firstborn of beast ; 
therefore I sacrifice to Jehovah all the 
firstborn that are males, but every 
firstborn of my sons I redeem. 16 And 
it shall be as a sign on thy hands, and 
as frontlets between thy eyes ; for by 
strength of hand Jehovah brought us 
out from Egypt. 

17 And it came to pass, when Pha- 
raoh let the people go, that God led 
them not by the way of the land of 
the Philistines because that was near ; 



for God said, Lest the people repent 
when they see war, and return to 
Egypt ; 18 but God led the people 
around, by the way of the wilderness 
by the Red Sea. And the sons of Is- 
rael went up in military order out of 
the land of Egypt. 

19 And Moses took the bones of 
Joseph with him ; for he had strictly 
sworn the sons of Israel, saying, God 
will surely visit you, and ye shall carry 
up hence my bones with you. 

20 And they journeyed from Succoth, 
and encamped in Etham, at the edge 
of the wilderness. 21 And Jehovah 
went before them by day in a pillar of 
cloud, to lead them in the way ; and 
by night in a pillar of fire, to give them 
light ; that they might go by day and 
by night. 22 The pillar of cloud by 
day and the pillar of fire by night de- 
parted not from before the people. 

CHAPTER XIV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses say- 
ing, 2 speak to the sons of Israel, that 
they turn back, and encamp before 
Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the 
sea, in front of Baal-zephon ; opposite 
it ye shall encamp by the sea. 3 And 
Pharaoh will say of the sons of Israel, 
They are bewildered in the land, the 
wilderness has shut them in. * And I 
will make firm Pharaoh's heart, and 
he will pursue after them, and I will 
get me honor by Pharaoh and by all his 
army, and the Egyptians shall know 
that I am Jehovah. And they did so. 

5 And it was told the king of Egypt 
that the people had escaped ; and the 
heart of Pharaoh and of his servants 
was turned against the people ; and 
they said, What is this that we have 
done ? that we have let Israel go from 
serving us ? 6 And he made ready his 
chariot, and took his people with him. 
7 And he took six hundred chosen 



Ver. 18. Military order, probably meaning in a prearranged, orderly manner. 
83 



EXODUS XIV 



by Pharaoh, and by all his army, by 
his chariots and by his horsemen ; 
18 and the Egyptians shall know that I 
am Jehovah, when I have got me 
honor by Pharaoh, by his chariots and 
by his horsemen. 

19 And the angel of God, who was 
going before the camp of Israel, re- 
moved, and went behind them ; and 
the pillar of cloud removed from be- 
fore them, and stood behind them, 
20 and it came between the camp of the 
Egyptians and the camp of Israel ; and 
there was the cloud and darkness, and 
it lightened the night ; and the one 
came not near the other all night. 

21 And Moses stretched forth his 
hand over the sea ; and Jehovah 
caused the sea to depart by a strong 
east wind all that night, and made the 
sea bare ground, and the waters were 
divided. 23 And the sons of Israel 
went into the midst of the sea upon 
the bare ground ; and the waters were 
a wall to them on their right hand and 
on their left. ™ And the Egyptians 
pursued, and went in after them, all 
the horse of Pharaoh, his chariots 
and his horsemen, into the midst of 
the sea. 24 And it came to pass in the 
morning watch, that Jehovah looked 
toward the host of the Egyptians in a 
pillar of fire and cloud, and discom- 
fited the host of the Egyptians, 25 and 
took off their chariot wheels, so that 
they drove them heavily. And the 
Egyptians said, Let us flee from before 
Israel ; for Jehovah is fighting for 
them against the Egyptians. 

26 And Jehovah said to Moses, 
Stretch forth thy hand over the sea, 
that the waters may return upon the 
Egyptians, upon their chariots and 
upon their horsemen. "And Moses 
stretched forth his hand over the sea, 
and the sea returned at daybreak to 

Ver. 7. CajMKfofl over, or warriors upon. Ver. 15. Break up camp, Heb., to pull up the tent pins, to 
remove from a <;ampiug-place ; usually rendered, to journey. 



chariots, and all the chariots of 
Egypt, and captains over all of them. 
8 And Jehovah made firm the heart of 
Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pur- 
sued after the sons of Israel ; and the 
sons of Israel were going out with a 
high hand. 9 And the Egyptians pur- 
sued after them, all the chariot horses 
of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and 
his army, and they overtook them en- 
camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahi- 
roth, opposite Baal-zephon. 

10 And when Pharaoh drew near, the 
sons of Israel lifted up their eyes, and 
behold, the Egyptians were marching 
behind them ; and they feared ex- 
ceedingly ; and the sons of Israel cried 
out to Jehovah. n And they said to 
Moses, Is it because there were no 
graves in Egypt that thou hast brought 
us to die in the wilderness ? What is 
this that thou hast done for us in 
bringing us out from Egypt ? 12 Is not 
this the word that we spoke to thee in 
Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we 
may serve the Egyptians ? For it was 
better for us to serve the Egyptians, 
than that we should die in the wilder- 
ness. 13 And Moses said to the people, 
Fear ye not, stand still, and see the sal- 
vation of Jehovah that he will work for 
you to-day ; for whereas ye have seen 
the Egyptians to-day, ye shall see them 
again no more forever. u Jehovah will 
fight for you and ye shall remain quiet. 

15 And Jehovah said to Moses, Why 
criest thou to me ? Speak to the sons 
of Israel, and let them break up 
camp, 16 and do thou lift up thy rod, 
and stretch forth thy hand over the 
sea, and divide it ; and the sons of 
Israel shall go into the midst of the 
sea on bare ground. "And I, be- 
hold, I will make firm the hearts of 
the Egyptians, and they will go in 
after them ; and I will get me honor 



84 



EXODUS XV 



its permanent condition ; and the 
Egyptians were fleeing against it ; and 
Jehovah shook out the Egyptians into 
the midst of the sea. 28 And the 
waters returned and covered the char- 
iots and the horsemen, even all the 
army of Pharaoh that had come into 
the sea after them ; there was not left 
of them even one. 29 And the sons 
of Israel walked on bare ground in 
the midst of the sea ; and the waters 
were a wall to them on their right 
hand and on their left. 

50 And Jehovah saved Israel that day 
from the hand of the Egyptians. And 
Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the 
shore of the sea. 3l And Israel saw the 
great hand with which Jehovah wrought 
against the Egyptians ; and the people 
feared Jehovah, and they believed in 
Jehovah and in Moses his servant. 

CHAPTER XV 

1 Then sang Moses and the sons of 
Israel this song to Jehovah ; and they 
spoke, saying, 

1 will sing of Jehovah, for he is highly 
exalted ; 

Horse and his rider he has thrown into 
the sea. 

2 My strength and my song is Jah, 
And he has become my salvation. 
This is my God, and I will praise him ; 
My father's God, and I will exalt him. 
' Jehovah is a man of war ; 
Jehovah is his name. 

4 Pharaoh's chariots and his army he 

cast into the sea ; 
And the choice of his captains were 
sunk in the Red Sea. 

5 The waves cover them ; 

They go down into the depths like a 
stone. 

6 Thy right hand, O Jehovah, is glo- 

rious in strength ; 
Thy right hand, O Jehovah, dashes to 
pieces enemies. 



7 And in thy great majesty thou de- 

stroyest them that rise up against 
thee ; 
Thou sendest forth thy hot anger, it 
consumes them like stubble. 

8 And by the breath of thy nostrils the 

waters were heaped up ; 
The flowing waters stood still like a 

mound ; 
The waves were congealed in the heart 

of the sea. 

9 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will 

overtake, I will divide spoil ; 
My desire shall be satisfied upon them ; 
I will draw my sword, my hand shall 

destroy them. 

10 Thou didst blow with thy breath, 

the sea covered them ; 
They sank like lead in the mighty 
waters. 

11 Who is like thee among the gods, 

O Jehovah ? 
Who is like thee, glorious in holiness, 
Fearful in praises, doing wonders? 

12 Thou didst stretch forth thy right 

hand, 
The earth swallowed them. 

13 Thou hast led in thy mercy the peo- 

ple that thou didst redeem ; 
Thou hast guided them in thy strength 

to thy holy habitation. 
u The peoples heard, they trembled ; 
Pangs seized the inhabitants of Phil- 

istia. 

15 Then were dismayed the chiefs of 

Edom ; 
The mighty ones of Moab — trembling 

seizes them. 
All the inhabitants of Canaan melted 

away ; 

16 Fear falls upon them and terror j 
By the greatness of thy arm they are 

as still as a stone, 
Till thy people pass over, O Jehovah, 
Till thy people whom thou hast pur- 
chased pass over. 

17 Thou wilt bring them in, and plant 



Ver. 2. Jah, a shorter form of Jehovah. 

85 



EXODUS XVI 



them in the mountain of thy in- 
heritance, 

The place for thy dwelling that thou 
hast prepared, O Jehovah, 

The sanctuary, O Lord, which thy 
hands have established. 

18 Jehovah shall reign for ever and 
ever. 

19 For the horse of Pharaoh, both 
his chariots and his horsemen, went 
into the sea, and Jehovah brought 
back the waters of the sea upon them ; 
but the sons of Israel went on bare 
ground in the midst of the sea. 

20 And Miriam, the prophetess, the 
sister of Aaron, took the timbrel in 
her hand ; and all the women went 
out after her with timbrels and with 
dances. 21 And Miriam responded 
to them : 

Sing ye of Jehovah, for he is highly 

exalted ; 
Horse and its rider he has thrown into 

the sea. 

22 And Moses caused Israel to jour- 
ney from the Red Sea, and they went 
out into the wilderness of Shur ) and 
they went £toe_daj£S_ in the wilder- 
ness, and did not find water,. 23 And 
they came to Marah, and they could 
not drink the water of Marah, for it 
was bitter ; therefore it was called 
Marah. u And the people murmured 
against Moses, saying, What shall we 
drink? 25 And he cried to Jehovah; 
and Jehovah pointed out to him a 
tree, and he cast it into the water, 
and the water became sweet. 

There he appointed for them a 
statute and a judgment, and there he 
tried them, 26 and he said, If thou 
wilt indeed hearken to the voice of 
Jehovah thy God, and wilt do that 
which is right in his eyes, and wilt give 
ear to his commandments, and keep 
all his statutes, none of the diseases 
which 1 put upon the Egyptians will I 

Ver. 17. Thy dwelling, here a verb. 



put upon thee ; for I Jehovah am thy 
Physician. 

27 And they came to Elim, and there 
were twelve springs of water there, 
and seventy palm trees, and they en- 
camped there by the water. 

CHAPTER XVI 

*And they journeyed from Elim, 
and came, all the congregation of the 
sons of Israel, to the wilderness of Sin^ 
which is between Elim and Sinai, on 
the fifteenth day of the second month 
of their departure from the land of 
Egypt. 2 And all the congregation of 
the sons of Israel murmured against 
Moses and Aaron in the wilderness ; 
3 and the sons of Israel said to them, O 
that we had died by the hand of Jeho- 
vah in the land of Egypt, when we sat 
by the flesh pots, when we ate bread to 
the full ; for ye have brought us out 
into this wilderness to kill all this as- 
sembly with hunger. 

4 And Jehovah said to Moses, Be- 
hold, I am going to rain bread from 
the heavens for you ; and all the peo- 
ple shall go out and gather each day's 
portion, in order that I may try them, 
whether they will walk in my law or 
not. 5 And it shall be on the sixth 
day, that they shall prepare that which 
they bring in, and there shall be twice 
as much as they gather daily. 

6 And Moses and Aaron said to all 
the sons of Israel, When it is evening 
ye shall know that Jehovah brought 
you out from the land of Egypt ; 7 and 
in the morning ye shall see the glory 
of Jehovah, since he hears your mur- 
murings against Jehovah ; and what 
are we that ye murmur against us? 
8 And Moses said, This shall be when 
Jehovah shall give you in the evening 
flesh to eat, and in the morning bread 
to the full, since Jehovah hears your 
murmurings which ye murmur against 

Ver. 23. Marah. Heb.. bitter. 






86 



EXODUS XVI 



him j and what are we ? not against 
us are your murmurings, but against 
Jehovah. 

9 And Moses said to Aaron, Say to 
all the congregation of the sons of Is- 
rael, Come near to Jehovah j for he 
has heard your murmurings. 10 And 
it came to pass, as Aaron spoke to the 
whole congregation of the sons of Is- 
rael, that they looked toward the wil- 
derness, and behold, the glory of Je- 
hovah appeared in the cloud. " And 
Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 12 1 
have heard the murmurings of the 
sons of Israel ; speak to them, saying, 
At evening ye shall eat flesh, and in 
the morning ye shall be satisfied with 
bread ; and ye shall know that I Je- 
hovah am your God. 

13 And it came to pass at evening 
that the quails came up and covered 
the camp ; and in the morning there 
was a layer of dew round about the 
camp. l4 And when the layer of dew 
was gone up, behold, on the face of 
the wilderness fine globules, as fine as 
hoar frost on the ground. 15 And the 
sons of Israel saw it, and they said one 
to another, What is it ? for they knew 
not what it was. And Moses said to 
them, This is the bread which Jeho- 
vah has given you for food. w This 
is the thing that Jehovah has com- 
Landed, Gather ye of it each man 
according to his eating, an omer apiece 
according to the number of your per- 
sons ye shall take it, each man for 
them that are in his tent. 1T And the 
sons of Israel did so. And they gath- 
ered, some more and some less ; 18 and 
when they measured it with the omer, 
he that had gathered more had noth- 
ing over, and he that had gathered 
less had no lack ; they had gathered 
every man according to his eating. 
19 And Moses said to them, Let no 
man leave any of it until the morning. 



20 But they hearkened not to Moses, 
and some left of it until the morning, 
and it bred worms, and became of- 
fensive ; and Moses was angry with 
them. 21 And they gathered it each 
morning, each man according to his 
eating ; and when the sun became 
warm it melted. 

22 And it came to pass, that on the 
sixth day they had gathered a double 
quantity of bread, two omers for each 
one ; and all the chiefs of the congre- 
gation came and told Moses. "And 
he said to them, This is that which 
Jehovah has spoken, To-morrow is a 
rest, a holy sabbath to Jehovah ; bake 
that which ye bake, and boil that 
which ye boil, and all that remains 
over lay up for you, to be kept until 
the morning. 24 And they laid it up 
until the morning, as Moses com- 
manded, and it was not offensive, 
nor were there worms in it. 25 And 
Moses said, Eat that to-day ; for to- 
day is a sabbath to Jehovah ; to-day 
ye shall not find it in the field. 
26 Six days shall ye gather it; but on 
the seventh day is a sabbath, in it 
there shall be none. 

27 And it came to pass on the seventh 
day, that some of the people went out 
to gather, and they found none. 28 And 
Jehovah said to Moses, How long re- 
fuse ye to keep my commandments 
and my laws? 29 See, because Jeho- 
vah has given to you the sabbath, 
therefore he gives to you on the sixth 
day bread for two days. Abide ye 
every man in his place, let not a man 
go out from his place on the seventh 
day. :i0 And the people rested on the 
seventh day. 81 And the house of Is- 
rael called the name of it Manna \ and 
it was like coriander seeds, white, and 
its taste was like cakes with honey. 

H ' J And Moses said, This is the thing 
that Jehovah has commanded, an omer 



Vet. 15. What is it, Heb., Man ; hence the name Manna. 



EXODUS XVII, XVIII 



full of it is to be kept throughout your I come out of it water, that the people 



generations, in order that they may see 
the bread that I gave you to eat in 
the wilderness, when I brought you 
out from the land of Egypt. 33 And 
Moses said to Aaron, Take a jar, and 
put therein an omer full of manna, 
and lay it up before Jehovah, to be 
kept throughout your generations. 
34 As Jehovah commanded Moses, so 
Aaron laid it up before the testimony, 
to be kept. 35 And the sons of Israel 
ate the manna forty years, until they 
came to a land inhabitable j they ate 
manna until they came to the borders 
of the land of Canaan. 36 Now an 
omer is the tenth part of an ephah. 

CHAPTER XVII 

1 And all the congregation of the 
sons of Israel journeyed from the wil- 
derness of Sin, by their journeys, ac- 
cording to the command of Jehovah, 
and encamped in Rephidim ; and 
there was no water for the people to 
drink. a And the people strove with 
Moses, and said, Give us water that 
we may drink. And Moses said to 
them, Why do ye strive with me? 
Why do ye try Jehovah ? 3 And the 
people thirsted there for water ; and 
the people murmured against Moses, 
and said, Why hast thou brought us 
up out of Egypt to kill us and our 
children and our cattle with thirst? 

4 And Moses cried to Jehovah, saying, 
What shall I do for this people ? A 
little more and they will stone me. 

5 And Jehovah said to Moses, Pass on 
before the people, and take with thee 
some of the elders of Israel, and thy 
rod with which thou didst smite the 
river take in thy hand, and go ; 'be- 
hold, I will stand before thee there 
beside the rock in Horeb • and thou 
shalt strike the rock, and there shall 

Ver. 7 



may drink. And Moses did so in the 
sight of the elders of Israel. : And he 
called the name of the place Massah 
and Meribah, on account of the striv- 
ing of the sons of Israel, and on ac- 
count of their trying Jehovah, saying, 
Is Jehovah in the midst of us or not ? 

8 Then came Amalek, and fought 
with Israel in Rephidim. 9 And Mo- 
ses said to Joshua, Choose out men 
for us, and go forth, fight with Ama- 
lek. To-morrow I will take my stand 
on the top of the hill, and the rod of 
God shall be in my hand. 10 And 
Joshua did as Moses said to him, to 
fight with Amalek : and Moses, Aaron, 
and Hur went up to the top of the 
hill. " And it came to pass, while 
Moses held up his hand, Israel pre- 
vailed, and while he let his hand 
down, Amalek prevailed. 12 And the 
hands of Moses were heavy ; and they 
took a stone, and placed it under him, 
and he sat upon it ; and Aaron and 
Hur supported his hands, the one on 
the one side, and the other on the 
other ; and his hands were steady un- 
til the going down of the sun. 13 And 
Joshua overthrew Amalek and his peo- 
ple with the edge of the sword. 

u And Jehovah said to Moses, Write 
this as a memorial in the book, and 
rehearse it in the ears of Joshua, that 
I will utterly blot out the remem- 
brance of Amalek from under heaven. 
15 And Moses built an altar, and called 
the name of it Jehovah-Nissi. ¥ And 
he said, Because a hand was against 
the throne of J ah, Jehovah shall have 
war with Amalek from generation to 
generation. 

CHAPTER XVIII 

1 And Jethro, the priest of Midian, 
Moses' father-in-law, heard of all that 



Massah, i. e., place of trial. Meribah, £ «r., place of strife. Ver. 12. Steady, Heb., firmness. 

Ver. 15. Jehovah-Nissi, my banner or ensign, something lifted up. 

88 



EXODUS XVIII 



God had done for Moses and for Is- 
rael his people, how that Jehovah had 
brought Israel out of Egypt. 2 And 
Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took 
Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had 
sent her away, 3 and her two sons, the 
name of one of whom was Gershom ; 
for he said, I have become a sojourner 
in a foreign land ; * and the name of 
the other was Eliezer ; for the God of 
my father was my help, and delivered 
me from the sword of Pharaoh. 

5 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, 
and his sons and his wife, came to 
Moses in the wilderness, where he 
was encamped at the mount of God ; 
6 and he said to Moses, I, thy father- 
in-law, Jethro, am coming to thee, 
ind thy wife and thy two sons with 
her. 7 And Moses went out to meet 
his father-in-law, and did obeisance, 
and kissed him ; and they asked each 
>ther of their welfare ; and they came 
into the tent. 

8 And Moses recounted to his father- 
in-law all that Jehovah had done to 
Pharaoh and to the Egyptians on ac- 
count of Israel, all the weariness that 
lad come upon them on the way, and 
now Jehovah had delivered them. 
'And Jethro rejoiced on account of 
ill the good that Jehovah had done 
to Israel, in that he had delivered 
them out of the hand of the Egyp- 
ians. 10 And Jethro said, Blessed be 
Jehovah, who has delivered you from 
the hand of the Egyptians and from 
the hand of Pharaoh, who has deliv- 
ered the people from under the hand 
of the Egyptians. u Now I know that 
Jehovah is the greatest of all the gods, 
even by the thing wherein they dealt 
proudly against them. 12 And Jethro, 
Moses' father-in-law, took a burnt of- 
fering and sacrifices for God ; and 
Aaron came and all the elders of Is- 



rael to eat bread with Moses' father- 
in-law before God. 

18 And it came to pass on the mor- 
row, that Moses sat to judge the peo- 
ple ; and the people stood beside 
Moses from the morning to the even- 
ing. M And Moses' father-in-law saw 
all that he was doing to the people, 
and he said, What is this thing that 
thou doest to the people ? Why sit- 
test thou by thyself, and all the people 
stand beside thee from morning to 
evening? 15 And Moses said to his 
father-in-law, Because the people come 
to me to inquire of God ; 16 when 
they have a cause they come to me, 
and I judge between a man and his 
neighbor, and I make known the 
statutes of God and his laws. H And 
Moses' father-in-law said to him, The 
thing that thou doest is not good. 

18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both 
thou and this people that is with thee ; 
for the thing is too heavy for thee • 
thou wilt not be able to do it alone. 

19 Hearken now to my voice ; I will 
give thee counsel, and God be with 
thee : Be thou for the people before 
God, and thou shalt bring the cases 
to God ; 20 and thou shalt teach them 
the statutes and the laws, and cause 
them to know the way in which they 
shall walk, and the thing that they 
shall do. " And thou shalt select 
from the people men of ability that 
fear God, men of truth, that hate un- 
just gain ; and thou shalt place them 
over them, to be rulers of thousands, 
rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties and 
rulers of tens ; 22 and let them judge 
the people at all times. And it shall 
be that every great matter they shall 

! bring to thee, but every small matter 
! they themselves shall judge ; and 
| make it lighter for thyself, and let 
I them bear the burden with thee. 



Ver. 2i. Rulers, those having charge of persons or things. 
Ver. 22. Make it lighter, Heb., cause it to be light from upon thee. 

8 9 



23 If thou wilt do this thing, and God 
shall command thee so, then thou 
wilt be able to endure, and, more- 
over, all this people will come to their 
place in peace. 

"And Moses hearkened to the 
voice of his father-in-law, and did all 
that he had said. 25 And Moses chose 
men of ability out of all Israel, and 
placed them to be heads over the 
people, rulers of thousands, rulers of 
hundreds, rulers of fifties and rulers 
of tens. 26 And they judged the peo- 
ple at all times : the hard matters 
they brought to Moses, but every 
small matter they themselves judged. 

"And Moses let his father-in-law 
depart j and he went to his own land. 

CHAPTER XIX 

1 In the third month of the depar- 
ture of the sons of Israel from the land 
of Egypt, the same day they came into 
the wilderness of Sinai. 2 And they 
journeyed from Rephidim, and came 
to the wilderness of Sinai, and en- 
camped in the wilderness ; and there 
Israel encamped before the mount. 

3 And Moses went up to God, and 
Jehovah called to him from the mount, 
saying, Thus shalt thou say to the 
house of Jacob, and tell the sons of 
Israel, * Ye saw what I did to Egypt, 
and how I have borne you on eagles' 
wings, and brought you to myself. 
J And now, if ye will obey my voice 
indeed, and keep my covenant, then 
ye shall be my special possession out 
of all the peoples ; for all the earth is 
mine ; 6 and ye shall be to me a king- 
dom of priests and a holy nation. 
These are the words that thou shalt 
speak to the sons of Israel. 

7 And Moses came and called the 
elders of the people, and set before 
them all these words that Jehovah had 
commanded him. 8 And all the peo- 
ple answered together, and said, All 



that Jehovah has spoken we will do. 
And Moses brought back the words of 
the people to Jehovah. 9 And Jehovah 
said to Moses, Behold, I am about to 
come to thee in a thick cloud, that the 
people may hear when I speak with 
thee, and may also believe thee for- 
ever. And Moses told the words of 
the people to Jehovah. 

10 And Jehovah said to Moses, Go 
to the people, and sanctify them to- 
day and to-morrow, and let them wash 
their clothes, n and let them be ready 
by the third day : for on the third day 
Jehovah will descend in the sight of 
all the people upon mount Sinai. 

12 And thou shalt set bounds to the 
people round about, saying, Take 
heed to yourselves, that ye go not up 
into the mount, nor touch the border 
of it ; every one that touches the 
mount shall surely be put to death j 

13 no hand shall touch him, but he 
shall surely be stoned or shot through ; 
whether it be beast or man, he shall 
not live. When the trumpet sounds 
long those shall come up into the 
mount. 

14 And Moses went down from -the 
mount to the people, and sanctified 
die people ; and they washed their 
clothes. 15 And he said to the people, 
Be ready by the third day ; do not 
approach your wives. 

16 And it came to pass on the third 
day, when it was morning, that there 
were thunderings and lightnings, and 
a heavy cloud on the mount, and the 
voice of a trumpet exceedingly loud ; 
and all the people that were in the 
camp trembled. " And Moses brought 
the people out of the camp to meet 
God \ and they stationed themselves 
at the foot of the mount. 

18 And mount Sinai smoked, all of it ; 
because Jehovah had descended upon 
it in fire • and the smoke of it ascended 
as the smoke of a furnace, and the 



90 



EXODUS XX 



whole mount trembled exceedingly. 
19 And when the voice of the trumpet 
grew exceedingly loud, Moses spoke, 
and God answered him by a voice. 

20 And Jehovah came down upon 
mount ^inaj, \n thft J»p-4»£4l>f»-moTmt. J 
and Jehovah called Moses to the top 
of the mount ; and Moses went up. 
21 And « Jehovah said to Moses, Go 
down, admonish the people, lest they 
break through to Jehovah to look, and 
many of them perish. 22 And let the 
priests also, who come near to Jehovah, 
sanctify themselves, lest Jehovah break 
forth upon them. 23 And Moses said 
to Jehovah, The people cannot come 
up to mount Sinai ; for thou didst ad- 
monish us, saying, Set bounds about 
the mount, and sanctify it. ** And Je- 
hovah said to him, Go, get thee down, 
and thou shalt come up, thou, and 
Aaron with thee ; but let not the 
priests and the people break through 
to come up to Jehovah, lest he break 
forth upon them. 2:> So Moses went 
down to the people, and told them. 

CHAPTER XX 

*And God spoke all these words, 
saying, 2 I am Jehovah thy God, who 
have brought thee out from the land 
of Egypt, from the house of bondage. 
3 Thou shalt not have other gods be- 
sides me. 

4 Thou shalt not make to thee a 
carved image, or any likeness of what 
is in the heavens above, or of what is 
in the earth beneath, or of what is in 
the waters beneath the earth : 5 thou 
shalt not bow thyself down to them, 
nor serve them ; for I Jehovah thy 
God am a jealous God, visiting the 
iniquity of fathers upon sons, upon the 
third generation and upon the fourth 
generation, of them that hate me ; 
6 and showing mercy to the thousandth 



generation, of them that love me and 
keep my commandments. 

7 Thou shalt not take the name of 
Jehovah thy God in vain ; for Jehovah 
will not hold him guiltless that takes 
his name in vain. 

8 Remember the sabbath day, to 
keep it holy. , ^Six*"1a r ays thou shalt 
labor, and do all thy work ; 10 but the 
seventh day is a sabbath to Jehovah 
thy God ; thou shalt not do any work, 
thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, 
thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, 
nor thy cattle, nor thy sojourner that 
is within thy gates ; " for in six days 
Jehovah made the heavens and the 
earth, the sea, and all that is in them, 
and rested on the seventh day ; there- 
fore Jehovah blessed the sabbath day, 
and hallowed it. 

12 Honor thy father and thy mother, 
that thy days may be long upon the 
land that Jehovah thy God is going to 
give to thee. 

13 Thou shalt not kill. 

14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. 

15 Thou shalt not steal. 

16 Thou shalt not bear false witness 
against thy neighbor. 

17 Thou shalt not c ,Qve± thy neigh- 
bor's house ; thou shalt not covet 
thy neighbor's wife, nor his man- 
servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his 
ox, nor his ass, nor anything that is 
thy neighbor's. 

18 And all the people saw the thun- 
derings and the lightnings, and the 
sound of the trumpet and the moun- 
tain smoking ; and the people saw, 
and they trembled, and stood afar off. 
19 And they said to Moses, Speak thou 
with us, and we will hear ; but let not 
God speak with us, lest we die. 20 And 
Moses said to the people, Fear not ; 
for in order to prove you God is come, 
and in order that his fear may be be- 



Ver. 6. Thousandth generation, Heb., thousands, a special use here. 
Ver. 18. Trembled. The Heb. word indicates llie commotion of the multitude. 



91 



EXODUS XXI 



fore you, that ye sin not. 21 And the 
people stood at a distance, and Moses 
drew near to the thick darkness where 
God was. 

22 And Jehovah said to Moses, Thus 
shalt thou say to the sons of Israel, Ye 
have seen that fromthe heavens I have 
talked with you ; c^Ye shall not make 
otherjjgds with me ; gods of silver or 
gods of gold ye shall not make to you. 

24 An altar of earth thou shalt make 
to me, and shalt sacrifice upon it thy 
burnt offerings, and thy peace offer- 
ings, thy sheep and thy oxen. In 
every place where I shall cause my 
name to be remembered I will come 
to thee, and bless thee. 25 If thou 
make to me an altar of stones, thou 
shalt not build it of hewn stones ; for 
if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou 
hast polluted it. 26 Neither shalt thou 
go up to my altar on steps, that thy 
nakedness be not disclosed thereon. 

CHAPTER XXI 

1 And these are the judgments that 
thou shalt set before them. 2 When 
thou buyest a Hebrew servant, six 
years he shall serve, and in the seventh 
he shall go forth free, for nothing. 

3 If he come by himself, he shall go 
forth by himself; if he be married, 
then his wife shall go forth with him. 

4 If his master give him a wife, and she 
bear him sons or daughters, the wife 
and her children shall be her master's, 
and he shall go forth by himself. 5 But 
if the servant shall indeed say, I love 
my master, my wife and my children, 
I will not go forth free ; 6 then his 
master shall bring him to the judges, 
;uid shall bring him to the door, or to 
the door post, and his master shall 
pierce his ear through with the awl ; 
and he shall serve him forever. 

7 When a man shall sell his daughter 

Ver. 6. The judges, Hcb., the elohim, a word used 
I* ; 6 J John io : 35. Vcr. 19. His dwelling at home, 



to be a maid-servant, she shall not go 
forth as the men-servants do. 8 If she 
be evil in the eyes of her master who 
has betrothed her to himself, then 
shall he cause her to be redeemed. 
To a foreign people he shall not have 
authority to sell her, when he has dealt 
deceitfully with her. 9 And if he 
espouse her to his son, he shall deal 
with her according to the manner of 
daughters. 10 If he take for him an- 
other wife, her food, her raiment and 
her marriage rights he shall not dimin- 
ish. u And if he do not these three 
for her, then she shall go forth free, 
without money. 

12 He that smites a man so that he 
dies, shall surely be put to death. 
13 But he who has not lain in wait, but 
God has caused it to fall to his hand, 
I will appoint for thee a place whither 
he shall flee. u But if a man come 
presumptuously upon his neighbor, to 
slay him with guile, thou shalt take 
him from my altar that he may die. 

15 And he that smites his father or 
his mother shall surely be put to 
death. 

16 He that steals a man and sells 
him, or if he be found in his hand, 
shall surely be put to death. 

17 And he that curses his father or 
his mother shall surely be put to 
death. 

18 And when men strive together, 
and one smites his fellow with a stone, 
or with his fist, and he does not die, 
but keeps his bed ; 19 if he rise again 
and walk abroad with his staff, then he 
that smote him shall be acquitted ; 
only he shall pay for his dwelling at 
home, and shall cause him to be thor- 
oughly healed. 

20 And when a man smites his serv- 
ant, or his handmaid, with a rod, and 
he dies under his hand, he shall surely 



>f God, but here of those representing God. 
the time that he has lost. 



Cf. V 



92 



EXODUS XXII 



be punished ; 21 only if he continue a 
day or two, he shall not be punished ; 
for he is his money. 

"And when men strive together, 
and strike a woman with child, so that 
her children come forth, but there be 
no injury, he shall surely be fined, 
according to that which the woman's 
husband shall put upon him, and he 
shall pay as the judges determine. 
" But if there be any injury, then thou 
shalt put life for life, 24 eye for eye, 
tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot 
for foot, 25 burning for burning, wound 
for wound, stripe for stripe. 

26 And when a man smites the eye 
of his servant, or the eye of his hand- 
maid, and destroys it, he shall let him 
go free for his eye. 27 And if he smite 
out his servant's tooth, he shall let 
him go free for his tooth. 

28 When an ox gores a man, or a 
woman, and he dies, then the ox shall 
surely be stoned, and his flesh shall 
not be eaten, but the owner of the ox 
shall be clear. a9 But if it has been a 
goring ox before, and its owner has 
been admonished, but has not kept it 
in, and it kill a man or a woman ; the 
ox shall be stoned, and also its owner 
shall be put to death. 30 U a ransom 
be put upon him, then he shall give 
for the redemption of his life accord- 
ing to all that is put upon him. 31 If it 
shall gore a son, or gore a daughter, 
according to this judgment it shall be 
done to him. 82 If the ox gore a serv- 
ant, or a handmaid, he shall give to 
his master thirty shekels of silver, and 
the ox shall be stoned. 

M And when a man opens a pit, or 
when a man digs a pit, and does not 
cover it, and an ox or an ass falls into 
it ; 3 * the owner of the pit shall make it 
good, he shall give money to its owner, 
and the dead beast shall be his. 

35 And when a man's ox gores the 



ox of his neighbor, and it dies, then 
they shall sell the live ox, and divide 
its money ; and the dead ox also they 
shall divide. 36 Or if it be known that 
it has been a goring ox before, and its 
owner has not kept it in ; he shall 
surely restore an ox for the ox, and the 
dead one shall be his. 

CHAPTER XXII 

1 When a man shall steal an ox, or a 
sheep, and kill it, or sell it, he shall 
restore five oxen for the ox, or four 
sheep for the sheep. ( 2 If the thief be 
found breaking in, and he be smitten, 
so that he dies, there shall be no blood- 
guiltiness for him. 3 If the sun be 
risen upon him, there shall be blood- 
guiltiness for him.) He shall make 
full restitution. If he have nothing, 
then he shall be sold for his theft. 4 If 
the theft be found in his hand alive, 
whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep, he 
shall restore double. 

5 When a man shall cause a field, or 
a vineyard, to be eaten, and shall let 
out his beast, and it shall feed in the 
field of another ; of the best of his 
own field, and of the best of his own 
vineyard, he shall make restitution. 

* When a fire shall break out, and 
catch among thorns, and the shocks of 
grain, or the standing grain, or the 
field be consumed ; he that kindled 
the fire shall surely make restitution. 

7 When a man shall deliver to his 
neighbor money, or goods, to keep, 
and it be stolen out of the man's 
house ; if the thief be found he shall 
restore double. 8 If the thief be not 
found, then the master of the house 
shall be brought to the judges, to see 
whether he has not put his hand to 
his neighbor's goods. 9 In every case 
of trespass, of an ox, an ass, a sheep, a 
garment, or any lost thing, of which 
one says, This is it, the cause of the two 



Ver. 8 9. Judges, Heb., the elohim. See 21 : 6. 

93 



EXODUS XXIII 



shall come before the judges ; and he 
whom the judges shall declare guilty 
shall restore double to his neighbor. 

10 When a man shall deliver to his 
neighbor an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, 
or any beast, to keep, and it die, or 
be injured, or carried off, no man see- 
ing it ; ll then the oath of Jehovah 
shall be between them both, that he 
has not put his hand to his neighbor's 
goods ; and the owner of it shall ac- 
cept this ; and he shall not make res- 
titution. 12 But if it be stolen from 
him, he shall make restitution to its 
owner. 13 If it be torn in pieces, he 
shall bring it for witness ; he shall not 
make restitution for that which has 
been torn. 

"And when a man shall ask any- 
thing from his neighbor, and it be in- 
jured, or die, its owner not being 
with it ; he shall surely make restitu- 
tion. 15 If its owner be with it, he 
shall not make restitution ; if it was 
hired, it came for its hire. 

16 And when a man shall entice a 
virgin that is not betrothed, and lie 
with her, he shall surely pay a dowry 
for her to be his wife. " If her father 
indeed refuse to give her to him, he 
shall pay money according to the 
dowry of virgins. 

18 Thou shalt not permit a sorceress 
to live. 1S Whosoever lies with a beast 
shall surely be put to death. 20 He 
that sacrifices to any god, save to Je- 
hovah only, shall be utterly destroyed. 

"Thou shalt not maltreat a so- 
journer, nor afflict him ; for ye were 
sojourners in the land of Egypt. 

n Ve shall not oppress any widow, 
or fatherless child. " If thou oppress 
them at all, surely if they cry to me, 
I will certainly hear their cry, 24 and 
niv anger shall bum, and I will slay 
you with the sword, and your wives 

Ver. 25. Oppressed 
nee, Heb., one exalt 

ul witness, giving testimony that injures. 



The word often implies poverty. Ver. 28. Judges, 
Prince, Heb., one exalted. Ver. 29. The abundance of, etc Heb thy fulness and thy tear 



shall be widows, and your children 
fatherless. 

25 If thou lend money to my people, 
to one that is oppressed with thee, 
thou shalt not be to him as a money 
lender, ye shall not require interest of 
him. 26 If thou at all take thy neigh- 
bor's raiment as a pledge, thou shalt 
restore it to him against the going 
down of the sun ; 27 for that is his only 
covering ; it is his raiment for his 
body ; in what shall he lie down ? 
And it shall be that when he cries tc 
me, I will hear ; for I am gracious. 

28 Thou shalt not revile judges, nor 
curse a prince among thy people. 

29 Thou shalt not keep back the 
abundance of thy threshing floor and 
of thy press. The firstborn of thy 
sons thou shalt give to me. 30 Like- 
wise shalt thou do with thy cattle and 
with thy sheep : seven days it shall be 
with its dam ; on the eighth day thou 
shalt give it to me. 

31 And ye shall be holy men to me ; 
and ye shall not eat any flesh that is 
torn in the field ; ye shall cast it to 
the dogs. 

CHAPTER XXIII 

1 Thou shalt not take up a false re- 
port. Put not thy hand with the 
wicked to become a wrongful witness. 
2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to 
do evil ; neither shalt thou testify in 
a cause to turn aside after a multitude 
to pervert judgment. 3 Neither shalt 
thou favor a poor man in his cause. 

4 When thou shalt meet the ox of thy 
enemy, or his ass, going astray, thou 
shalt surely return it to him. 6 When 
thou shalt see the ass of him that hates 
thee lying under its burden, and would- 
est forbear to release it for him, thou 
shalt surely release it with him. 

6 Thou shalt not pervert the judg- 

b., elohim 



Cf. ver. 8, 9. 
Ver. 1. 



94 



EXODUS XXIII 






ment of thy poor in his cause. 7 Keep 
thee far from a false matter ; and the 
innocent and the righteous slay thou 
not ; for I will not justify the wicked. 

8 And thou shalt not take a bribe ; for 
a bribe blinds those having sight, and 
perverts the words of the righteous. 

9 And a sojourner thou shalt not af- 
flict ; for ye yourselves know the soul 
of a sojourner ; for ye were sojourners 
in the land of Egypt. 

10 And six yeax&.„thou shalt sow thy 

land, and gather in its increase ; u but 

the seventh year thou shalt leave it, 

ind let it lie, that the poor of thy peo- 

>le may eat ; and what they leave the 

jasts of the field shall eat. So thou 

lalt do with thy vineyard and with 

ly olive orchard. 

12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, 
id on the seventh thou shalt rest ; 

that thy ox and thy ass may rest, and 
that the son of thy handmaid and the 
itranger may be refreshed. 

13 And in all that I have said to you 
ike heed. And of the name of other 
)ds ye shall not make mention ; it 

hall not be heard on thy mouth. 

M Three times in the year thou shalt 
:eep a feast to me. 15 The feast of 
mleavened bread thou shalt keep : 
:ven days thou shalt eat unleavened 
>rea3, as I commanded thee, at the ! 
imc appointed in the month A bib ; 
for in it thou earnest out from Egypt ; 
md they shall not appear before me 
impty. ls And the feast of harvest. 
:he firstfruits of thy labors that thou 
shalt sow in the field ; and the feast 
)f ingathering at the end of the year, 
when thou gatherest in thy labors out 
of the field. " Three times in the 
year every one of thy males shall ap- 
i-di- before the Lord Jehovah. 
"Thou shalt not offer the blood of 
v sacrifice while there is leaven ; 

Ver. 18. While there is leaven, Heh., upon leaven, 
slain. Ver. 24. Pillars, stones set up in the worship 



neither shall the fat of my feast re- 
main until the morning. 19 The first 
of the firstfruits of thy ground thou 
shalt bring into the house of Jehovah 
thy God. Thou shalt not boil a kid 
in its mother's milk. 

20 Behold, I am going to send an 
angel before thee, to keep thee on the 
way, and to bring thee into the place 
which I have prepared. 21 Take heed 
before him, and obey his voice, do 
not rebel against him ; for he will not 
pardon your transgressions ; for my 
name is within him. 22 For if thou 
shalt indeed obey his voice, and do 
all that I shall speak • then I will be 
an enemy to thy enemies, and an ad- 
versary to thy adversaries. 23 For my 
angel shall go before thee, and bring 
thee in to the Amorite, and the Hit- 
tite, and the Perizzite, and the Ca- 
naanite, the Hivite and the Jebusite ; 
and I will cut them off. 2l Thou shalt 
not worship their gods, nor serve 
them, nor do according to their deeds ; 
but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, 
and break to pieces their pillars. 
25 And ye shall serve Jehovah your 
God, and he will bless thy bread and 
thy water, and I will put away sick- 
ness from the midst of thee. 2S There 
shall not be One casting her young, 
nor barren in thy land. The number 
of thy days I will fill out. 27 My ter- 
ror I will send before thee, and I will 
discomfit all the people among whom 
thou shalt come ; and I will make all 
thy enemies turn their backs to thee. 
28 And I will send the hornet before 
thee, and it shall drive out the Hivite, 
the Canaanite and the Hittite from 
before thee, ff I will not drive them 
out from before thee in one year ; 
lest the land become desolate, and the 
beast of the field multiply against thee. 
30 Little by little I will drive them out 

It must all first be removed before the passover was 
of idols. 



95 



EXODUS XXIV, XXV 



from before thee, until thou shalt be 
increased, and shalt possess the land. 
31 And I will set thy borders from the 
Red Sea even to the sea of the Philis- 
tines, and from the wilderness to the 
river ; for I will deliver the inhabitants 
of the land into your hand, and thou 
shalt drive them out from before thee. 
3 " Thou shalt not make a covenant with 
them, nor with their gods. 33 They 
shall not dwell in thy land, lest they 
cause thee to sin against me ; for if 
thou serve their gods it will surely be 
a snare to thee. 

CHAPTER XXIV 

1 And he said to Moses, Come up 
to Jehovah, thou, and Aaron, Nadab 
and Abihu and seventy of the elders 
of Israel ; and ye shall worship at a 
distance ; 2 and Moses alone shall 
draw near to Jehovah, but they shall 
not draw near, nor shall the people 
come up with him. 

3 And Moses came and told the 
people all the words of Jehovah and 
all the judgments ; and all the people 
answered with one voice, and said, 
All the words that Jehovah has spoken 
we will do. 

*And Moses wrote down all the 
words of Jehovah. And he arose 
early in the morning, and built an 
altar at the foot of the mount, and 
twelve pillars for the twelve tribes of 
Israel. 6 And he sent the young men 
of the sons of Israel, and they offered 
burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace 
offerings of bullocks to Jehovah. 
6 And Moses took half of the blood, 
and put it in basins, and half of the 
blood he sprinkled on the altar. 7 And 
he took the book of the covenant and 
read it in the ears of the people ; and 
they said, All that Jehovah has spoken 
we will do, and will be obedient. 8 And 
Muses took the blood, and sprinkled 

Ver. 31. The river, i. c, the Euphrates 



it upon the people, and said, Behold 
the blood of the covenant that Jeho- 
vah has made with you according to 
all these words. 

9 Then went up Moses and Aaron, 
Nadab and Abihu and seventy of the 
elders of Israel ; 10 and they saw the 
God of Israel : and beneath his feet 
it was like the work of clear sapphire, 
and like the very heavens for clear- 
ness. u And against the nobles of the 
sons of Israel he put not forth his 
hand ; and they beheld God, and did 
eat and drink. 

12 And Jehovah said to Moses, Come 
up to me into the mount, and remain 
thou there, and I will give to thee 
the tablets of stone, and the law and 
the commandments that I have writ- 
ten in order to teach them. 13 And 
Moses rose up, and Joshua his at- 
tendant, and Moses went up into the 
mount of God. u But to the elders 
he said, Tarry ye here for us until we 
return to you j and behold, Aaron 
and Hur are with you, whoever has a 
cause let him draw near to them. 

15 And Moses went up into the mount, 
and the cloud covered the mount. 

16 And the glory of Jehovah abode on 
mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it 
six days ; and he called to Moses on 
the seventh day out of the midst of 
the cloud. v And the appearance of 
the glory of Jehovah was like devour- 
ing fire on the top of the mount to 
the eyes of the sons of Israel. 18 And 
Moses entered into the midst of the 
cloud, and went up into the mount ; 
and Moses was in the mount forty 
days and forty nights. 

CHAPTER XXV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
let them take for me a heave offering 
of every man whose heart impels him 

Ver. 12. Remain, Heb., be. 



96 






EXODUS XXV 



ye shall receive my heave offering. 
3 And this is the heave offering that 
ye shall receive from them : gold, and 
silver, and bronze ; 4 and bine, and 
purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, 
and goats' hair, 5 and rams' skins dyed 
red, and seals' skins, and acacia wood ; 

6 oil for the light, spices for the anoint- 
ing oil and for the incense of spices ; 

7 onyx stones, and stones for setting, 
for the ephod and for the breastplate. 

8 And they shall make for me a sanctu- 
ary, and I will dwell in the midst of 
them. 9 According to all that I am 
about to show thee, the pattern of the 
tabernacle, and the pattern of all its 
furniture, even so shall ye make it. 

10 And they shall make an ark of 
acacia wood, two cubits and a half its 
length, and a cubit and a half its 
breadth, and a cubit and a half its 
height. u And thou shalt overlay it 
with pure gold, within and without 
thou shalt overlay it ; and thou shalt 
make upon it a rim of gold round 
about. 12 And thou shalt cast for it 
four rings of gold, and put them upon 
its four feet ; and two rings shall be 
on the one side of it, and two rings 
on the other side of it. 13 And thou 
shalt make staves of acacia wood, and 
overlay them with gold. H And thou 
shalt put the staves in the rings on the 
sides of the ark, to carry the ark with 
them. Vo The staves shall remain in 
the rings of the ark ; they shall not 
be removed from it. 16 And thou 
shalt put into the ark the testimony 
which I shall give to thee. 

17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat 
of pure gold, two cubits and a half its 
length, and a cubit and a half its 
breadth. 18 And thou shalt make two 
cherubim of gold, of turned work 
shalt thou make them, from the two 
ends of the mercy seat. 19 And make 



one cherub from the one end, and the 
other cherub from the other end ; 
from the mercy seat shall ye make the 
cherubim, upon its two ends. 20 And 
the cherubim shall be spreading their 
wings upward, sheltering the mercy 
seat with their wings, and their faces 
shall be toward each other, toward the 
mercy seat shall be the faces of the 
cherubim. n And thou shalt place 
the mercy seat above upon the ark, 
and in the ark thou shalt put the testi- 
mony which I shall give thee. 22 And 
I will meet with thee there, and I 
will speak with thee from above the 
mercy seat, from between the two 
cherubim which are upon the ark of 
the testimony, of all that I shall com- 
mand thee to the sons of Israel. 

23 And thou shalt make a table of 
acacia wood, two cubits its length, and 
a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and 
a half its height. "And thou shalt 
overlay it with pure gold, and thou 
shalt make for it a rim of gold round 
about. 25 And thou shalt make to it a 
border of a handbreadth round about, 
and thou shalt make a rim of gold to 
its border round about. 26 And thou 
shalt make for it four rings of gold, 
j and put the rings upon the four cor- 
ners that are at its four feet. 27 Close 
by the border shall the rings be for 
places for staves to carry the table. 
28 And thou shalt make the staves of 
acacia wood, and overlay them with 
gold, and the table shall be carried 
with them. 29 And thou shalt make 
its plates, and its cups, and its flagons, 
and its bowls with which libations 
shall be made ; of pure gold shalt 
thou make them. 30 And thou shalt 
place upon the table bread of presence 
before me continually. 

31 And thou shalt make a lamp-stand 
of pure gold, of turned work shall 



Ver. 3. Bronze, or copper 
Of this covering only. 



so elsewhere. Ver. 17. Mercy seat, Heb., covering, a word used 

Ver. 30. Bread of presence, Heb., of face, put in God's presence. 

97 



EXODUS XXVI 



the lamp-stand be made. Its base, 
and its shaft, its cups, its knobs and 
its flowers, shall be part of it. 32 And 
there shall be six branches going out 
from its sides ; three branches of the 
lamp-stand from its one side, and 
three branches of the lamp-stand from 
its other side ; 3;! three cups, made 
like almond blossoms, a knob and a 
flower on one branch ; and three cups, 
made like almond blossoms, a knob 
and a flower, on another branch ; so 
for the six branches going out from 
the lamp-stand. 3i And on the lamp- 
stand shall be four cups, made like al- 
mond blossoms, their knobs and their 
flowers. 35 And there shall be a knob 
under two of the branches as part of 
it, and a knob under two of the 
branches as part of it, and a knob 
under two of the branches as part of 
it, for the six branches going out from 
the lamp-stand. 36 Their knobs and 
their branches shall be part of it ; the 
whole of it shall be one turned work 
of pure gold. 37 And thou shalt make 
its seven lamps, and they shall set up 
its lamps, and it shall give light over 
against it. 38 And its snuffers and its 
snuff dishes shall be of pure gold. 
39 Of a talent of pure gold shall they 
make it, even all these articles. 40 And 
see that thou make them according to 
their pattern that thou wast shown in 
the mount. 

CHAPTER XXVI 

l And the tabernacle thou shalt 
make of ten curtains ; of fine twined 
linen, and blue, and purple, and scar- 
let, with cherubim of skilfully woven 
work thou shalt make them. 2 The 
length of each curtain shall be twenty- 
eight cubits, and the breadth of each 
curtain four cubits ; all the curtains 
shall be of one measure. 3 Five of 

r. 31. KiimLs, p.rliaps in the form «.f pomegranate fruit. Ver. 35. The knobs of the main shaft car 
where ill- branches joined it. Ver. 37. Set up, put the lamps on their places on the stand. Ver. 7. Tab- 

ernacle, here meaning the ten inner curtains only. 



the curtains shall be joined one to 
another ; and the other five curtains 
shall be joined one to another. * And 
thou shalt make loops of blue upon 
the border of the one curtain that is 
at the edge of the first set ; and so 
shalt thou do with the border of the 
curtain at the edge of the second set ; 
5 fifty loops shalt thou make on the one 
curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make 
on the edge of the curtain that is in the 
second set ; the loops shall be opposite 
one another. 6 And thou shalt make 
fifty clasps of gold, and couple the cur- 
tains together with the clasps ; and the 
tabernacle shall be one. 

7 And thou shalt make curtains of 
goats' hair for a tent over the taber- 
nacle ; eleven curtains shalt thou 
make. 8 The length of each curtain 
shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth 
of each curtain four cubits ; the 
eleven curtains shall be of one meas- 
"And thou shalt join five of 



ure. 

the curtains by themselves, and the 
other six curtains by themselves, and 
thou shalt double the sixth curtain at 
the front of the tent. 10 And thou 
shalt make fifty loops upon the border 
of the one curtain that is at the edge 
of the first set, and fifty loops upon 
the border of the curtain that is at 
the edge of the second set. n And 
thou shalt make fifty clasps of bronze, 
and put the clasps into the loops, and 
couple the tent together, and it shall 
be one. 12 And the excess that re- 
mains of the curtains of the tent, the 
half curtain that remains, shall hang 
over the back of the tabernacle. 
13 And the cubit on the one side, and 
the cubit on the other side of that 
which remains in the length of the 
curtains of the tent shall be extended 
over the sides of the tabernacle, on 
this side and on that to cover it. 



98 



EXODUS XXVII 



14 And thou shalt make a covering for 
the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and 
a covering of seals' skins above. 

15 And thou shalt make the boards 
for the tabernacle of acacia wood, 
standing upright. 16 Ten cubits shall 
be the length of each board, and a 
cubit and a half shall be the breadth 
of each board. " There shall be two 
tenons to each board, joined one to 
another ; thus shalt thou make to all 
the boards of the tabernacle. 18 And 
thou shalt make the boards for the 
tabernacle : twenty boards for the 
>uth side southward ; 19 and thou 
It make forty sockets of silver under 
e twenty boards : two sockets under 
e board for its two tenons, and two 
kets under another board for its 
o tenons ; 20 and for the second side 
the tabernacle, on the north side, 
ere shall be twenty boards, 21 and 
ir forty sockets of silver, two 
kets under one board, and two 
kets under another board ; n and 
the rear of the tabernacle, west- 
rd, thou shalt make six boards ; 
and two boards shalt thou make for 
corners of the tabernacle in the 
; 24 they shall be coupled at the 
tttom, and united, they shall be 
>ined up to the top, entering into 
ring ; thus shall it be for them 
)th, they shall be for the two cor- 
:rs ; 25 and there shall be eight 
irds, and their sockets of silver, 
sixteen sockets ; two sockets under 
one board, and two sockets under 
another board. 

26 And thou shalt make bars of 
acacia wood, five for the boards of 
the one side of the tabernacle, 27 and 
five bars for the boards of the other 
side of the tabernacle, and five bars 
for the boards of the side of the taber- 
nacle at the rear, westward, 28 and the 



middle bar between the boards reach- 
ing from end to end. 2a And thou 
shalt overlay the boards with gold ; 
and their rings thou shalt make of gold 
for places for the bars, and thou shalt 
overlay the bars with gold. 30 And thou 
shalt set up the tabernacle according 
to its fashion, which thou hast been 
shown in the mount. 

31 And thou shalt make a veil of 
blue, and purple, and scarlet, and 
fine twined linen ; of skilfully woven 
work shall they make it with cheru- 
bim. 32 And thou shalt put it upon 
four pillars or" acacia wood overlaid 
with gold, their hooks being of gold, 
upon four sockets of silver. 33 And 
thou shalt place the veil beneath 
the clasps, and thou shalt bring in 
thither within the veil the ark of 
the testimony ; and the veil shall 
divide for you between the holy 
place and the most holy place. 34 And 
thou shalt put the mercy seat upon 
the ark of the testimony in the most 
holy place. 33 And thou shalt place 
the table outside the veil, and the 
lamp-stand opposite the table on the 
side of the tabernacle toward the 
south ; and thou shalt put the table 
on the north side. 36 And thou shalt 
make a screen for the doorway of the 
tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, 
and fine twined linen, of embroidered 
work. 37 And thou shalt make for the 
screen five pillars of acacia wood, and 
overlay them with gold, their hooks 
shall be of gold, and thou shalt cast 
for them five sockets of bronze. 

CHAPTER XXVII 

1 And thou shalt make the altar of 
acacia wood, five cubits its length, 
and five cubits its breadth, the altar 
shall be foursquare, and three cubits 
its height. 2 And thou shalt make its 

Ver. 18. South, Heb., toward the Negeb, south of Palestine. Southward, Heb., toward the right hand. 
Ver. 28. Middle bar, one in addition to the other fifteen, probably the ridge pole, or a bar from side to side to 
stay the boards. 

99 



EXODUS XXVIII 



horns upon its four corners, its horns 
shall be part of it, and thou shalt 
overlay it with bronze. 3 And thou 
shalt make its buckets for removing 
its ashes, and its shovels, and its 
basins, and its flesh hooks, and its 
lire pans ; all its utensils thou shalt 
make of bronze. *And thou shalt 
make for it a grating, a network of 
bronze ; and upon the network thou 
shalt make four rings of bronze, upon 
its four ends; 5 and thou shalt put it 
beneath under the ledge of the altar, 
and the net shall reach to the middle 
of the altar. 6 And thou shalt make 
staves for the altar, staves of acacia 
wood, and overlay them with bronze. 
7 And its staves shall be put into the 
rings, and the staves shall be upon 
the two sides of the altar in bearing 
it. 8 Hollow with boards shalt thou 
make it ; as it has been shown thee 
in the mount, so shall they make it. 
9 And thou shalt make the court of 
the tabernacle : for the south side, 
southward, there shall be hangings 
for the court of fine twined linen, a 
hundred cubits in length for the one 
side; 10 and its twenty pillars, and 
their twenty sockets of bronze ; the 
hooks of the pillars and their rods of 
silver. n And so for the north side, 
lengthwise, there shall be hangings a 
hundred cubits in length, and their 
twenty pillars and their twenty sockets 
of bronze ; the hooks of the pillars 
and their rods of silver. 12 And across 
the court on the west side shall be 
hangings of fifty cubits ; their pillars 
ten and their sockets ten. 13 And 
across the court on the front side, 
eastward, shall be fifty cubits : w the 
hangings for the one side of the gate 
shall be fifteen cubits ; their pillars 
three, and their sockets three ; 15 and 



for the other side shall be hangings of 
fifteen cubits ; their pillars three, and 
their sockets three. 

16 And for the gate of the court 
there shall be a screen of twenty cubits, 
of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and 
fine twined linen, of embroidered 
work ; and their pillars four, and 
their sockets four. n All the pillars 
of the court round about shall be 
joined with rods of silver, their hooks 
shall be of silver, and their sockets of 
bronze. 18 The length of the court 
shall be a hundred cubits, and the 
breadth fifty throughout, and its 
height five cubits, of fine twined linen, 
and their sockets of bronze. 19 A11 
the utensils of the tabernacle in all its 
service, and ail its pegs, and all the 
pegs of the court, shall be of bronze. 

20 And thou shalt command the sons 
of Israel that they fetch thee pure 
beaten olive oil for the light, to set up 
a lamp continuously. 21 In the tent of 
meeting outside the veil that is before 
the testimony, Aaron and his sons 
shall prepare it from evening to morn- 
ing before Jehovah. It shall be a 
perpetual due from the sons of Israel 
throughout their generations. 

CHAPTER XXVm 

1 And do thou bring to thee Aaron 
thy brother, and his sons with him, 
from among the sons of Israel, that 
he may be a priest to me, even Aaron, 
Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar, and Itha- 
mar, Aaron's sons. 2 And thou shalt 
make holy garments for Aaron thy 
brother, for glory and for beauty. 
3 And thou shalt speak to all that are 
wise hearted, whom I have filled with 
the spirit of wisdom, that they make 
Aaron's garments, to consecrate him, 



Vcr. 



that he may be a priest to me. 

Ve V* I 2°u S 'ii PTO J eCti l 0n !-!, ik ? h ° rns - Ver - 5- The ledge, around the outside of the altar. 

Ver. 8. Hollow, to be filled with stones or earth. Ver. 20. Set up a lamp. Cf. 25 : 37 

1 from .veiling to morning, fill the lamns and set them on the stand to burn ail night. 



e to morning, fill the lamps and set them 
Ver. 1. lie a priest, Heb., act the priest. 



IOO 



EXODUS XXVIII 



*And these are the garments that 
they shall make : a breastplate, and 
an ephod, and a robe, and a tunic of 
checkered work, a turban and a girdle. 
And they shall make holy garments for 
Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that 
he may be a priest to me. 5 And they 
shall take the gold, and the blue, and 
the purple, and the scarlet and the 
fine linen, 6 and they shall make the 
ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, 
of scarlet and of fine twined linen, 
skilfully woven work. 7 It shall have 
two shoulder pieces joined to its two 
edges, and it shall be joined together. 
8 And the woven belt for girding it, 
which is on it, shall be part of it, ac- 
cording to its work, of gold, blue, and 
purple, and scarlet, and fine twined 
linen. 9 And thou shalt make two 
onyx stones, and engrave upon them 
the names of the sons of Israel ; 10 six 
of their names upon the one stone, 
and the names of the six that remain 
upon the other stone, according to 
their birth. u With the work of an 
engraver in stone, like the engravings 
of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two 
stones according to the names of the 
sons of Israel ; enclosed in settings of 
gold thou shalt make them. 12 And 
thou shalt put the two stones upon 
the shoulder pieces of the ephod, for 
stones of remembrance for the sons of 
Israel ; and Aaron shall bear their 
names before Jehovah on his two 
shoulders for a remembrance. 

13 And thou shalt make settings of 
gold, u and two chains of pure gold, 
like cords shalt thou make them, of 
braided work, and thou shalt place 
the braided chains upon the settings. 

15 And thou shalt make a breastplate 
of judgment, of skilfully woven work, 
like the work of the ephod thou shalt 
make it, of gold, blue, and purple, 
and scarlet, and fine twined linen 
shalt thou make it. 16 Foursquare it 



shall be when doubled ; a span its 
length, and a span its breadth. " And 
thou shalt set in it settings of stones, 
four rows of stones : a row of a ruby, 
a topaz and an emerald, this shall be 
the first row ; 18 and the second row 
shall be a carbuncle, a sapphire and a 
diamond ; l9 and the third row a tour- 
maline, an agate and an amethyst ; 
20 and the fourth row a beryl, and an 
onyx and a jasper. They shall be 
enclosed in gold in their settings. 
"And the stones shall be according 
to the names of the sons of Israel, 
twelve, according to their names, like 
the engravings of a signet ; corre- 
sponding to the name of each shall 
they be for the twelve tribes. 

22 And thou shalt make upon the 
breastplate wreathed chains, braided 
work of pure gold. 23 And thou shalt 
make upon the breastplate two rings 
of gold, and shalt put the two rings 
upon the two ends of the breastplate. 
24 And thou shalt put the two braided 
chains of gold upon the two rings at 
the ends of the breastplate. 25 And 
the other two ends of the braided 
chains thou shalt put upon the two 
settings, and thou shalt put them 
upon the shoulder pieces of the ephod 
in front. 

26 And thou shalt make two rings of 
gold, and thou shalt put them upon 
the two ends of the breastplate on the 
edge that is toward the ephod inward. 
27 And thou shalt make two rings of 
gold, and shalt put them upon the 
two shoulder pieces of the ephod un- 
derneath on the front of it, close by 
the joining, above the woven belt of 
the ephod. 28 And they shall fasten 
the breastplate with a cord of blue 
from its rings to the rings of the 
ephod, that it may be above the 
woven belt of the ephod, and that the 
breastplate be not displaced from upon 
the ephod. '•And Aaron shall bear 



EXODUS XXIX 



the names of the sons of Israel on the 
breastplate of judgment on his heart 
when he goes into the holy place, for 
a remembrance before Jehovah con- 
tinually. 30 And thou shalt put into the 
breastplate of judgment the Urim and 
the Thummim, and they shall be on 
Aaron's heart when he goes in before 
Jehovah ; and Aaron shall bear the 
judgment of the sons of Israel on his 
heart before Jehovah continually. 

81 And thou shalt make the robe of 
the ephod all of blue. 32 And there 
shall be an opening for the head in 
the middle of it ; its opening shall 
have a binding of woven work round 
about, like the opening of a coat of 
mail it shall be to it, that it be not 
torn. 33 And thou shalt make upon 
its skirts pomegranates of blue, and of 
purple, and of scarlet, upon its skirts 
round about j and bells of gold be- 
tween them round about ; 34 a golden 
bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell 
and a pomegranate, upon the skirts of 
the robe round about. * And it shall 
be on Aaron to minister, and its sound 
shall be heard when he goes in to the 
holy place before Jehovah, and when 
he comes out, that he die not. 

36 And thou shalt make a plate of 
pure gold, and engrave upon it, like 
the engravings of a signet, Holiness to 
Jehovah. "And thou shalt put it 
upon a cord of blue, and it shall be 
on the turban, at the front of the tur- 
ban shall it be. 38 And it shall be on 
Aaron's forehead j and Aaron shall 
bear the iniquity of the holy things 
that the sons of Israel shall hallow in 
all their holy gifts ; and it shall be on 
his forehead always, that they may be 
accepted before Jehovah. 

39 And thou shalt weave the tunic in 
checkered work of fine linen j and 
thou shalt make the turban of fine 
linen ; and thou shalt make the girdle 
oj embroidered work. 40 And for Aa- 



ron's sons thou shalt make tunics, and 
thou shalt make for them girdles, and 
caps shalt thou make for them, for 
glory and for beauty. 41 And thou 
shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother 
and upon his sons with him ; and thou 
shalt anoint them, and consecrate 
them, and sanctify them, that they 
may be priests to me. 42 And make 
for them linen drawers to cover the 
flesh of their nakedness ; both upon 
the loins and the thighs they shall be. 
43 And they shall be on Aaron and on 
his sons when they come into the tent 
of meeting, or when they come near to 
the altar to minister in the holy place, 
that they bear not iniquity and die ; 
it shall be a statute forever to him and 
to his seed after him. 

CHAPTER XXIX 

*And this is the thing that thou 
shalt do to them to sanctify them, to 
be priests to me : take one bullock, 
son of the herd, and two rams without 
blemish, 2 and unleavened bread, and 
unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and 
unleavened wafers anointed with oil ; 
of wheaten flour shalt thou make them. 
3 And thou shalt put them into one 
basket, and bring them near in the 
basket, and the bullock and the two 
rams. 4 And Aaron and his sons thou 
shalt bring near to the doorway of the 
tent of meeting, and thou shalt wash 
them with the water. 5 And thou 
shalt take the garments, and put upon 
Aaron the tunic, and the robe of the 
ephod, and the ephod, and the breast- 
plate, and gird him with the woven 
belt of the ephod; 6 and thou shalt 
put the turban upon his head, and 
put the holy diadem upon the turban. 
7 And thou shalt take the anointing 
oil, and pour it upon his head, and 
anoint him. 8 And thou shalt bring 
near his sons, and put tunics upon 
them. 9 And thou shalt gird them 



102 



EXODUS XXIX 



with the girdles, Aaron and his sons, 
and bind caps upon them ; and the 
priesthood shall be theirs for a per- 
petual statute. And thou shalt con- 
secrate Aaron and his sons. 

10 And thou shalt bring near the 
bullock before the tent of meeting, 
id Aaron and his sons shall lean 
leir hands upon the head of the bul- 
;k. u And thou shalt kill the bul- 
>ck before Jehovah at the doorway 
the tent of meeting. 12 And thou 
lalt take of the blood of the bullock, 
tnd put it upon the horns of the altar 
ith thy finger ; and thou shalt pour 
it all the blood at the base of the 
tar. "And thou shalt take all the 
it that covers the inwards, and the 
)be on the liver, and the two kid- 
>ys, and the fat that is on them, and 
irn them upon the altar. w But the 
:sh of the bullock, and its skin, and 
offal, thou shalt burn with fire out- 
ide the camp, it is a sin offering. 
15 And thou shalt take the one ram, 
id Aaron and his sons shall lean 
leir hands upon the head of the ram ; 
and thou shalt kill the ram, and thou 
lalt take its blood, and sprinkle it 
upon the altar round about. 17 And 
thou shalt cut the ram into pieces, 
and wash its inwards and its legs, and 
put them with its pieces, and with its 
head ; 18 and thou shalt burn all the 
ram upon the altar ; it is a burnt offer- 
ing to Jehovah, it is an odor of de- 
light, a fire offering to Jehovah. 

19 And thou shalt take the other ram, 
and Aaron and his sons shall lean their 
hands upon the head of the ram ; 20 and 
thou shalt kill the ram, and take of its 
blood, and put it upon the tip of the 
right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip 
of the right ear of his sons, and upon 
the thumb of their right hand, and up- 
on the great toe of their right foot ; 



and thou shalt sprinkle the blood up- 
on the altar round about. 21 And thou 
shalt take of the blood that is on the 
altar, and of the anointing oil, and 
sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his 
garments, and upon his sons, and up- 
on the garments of his sons with him ; 
and he shall be holy, and his gar- 
ments, and his sons and his sons' 
garments with him. 

22 And thou shalt take of the ram 
the fat and the fat tail, and the fat 
that covers the inwards, and the lobe 
of the liver, and the two kidneys, and 
the fat that is on them, and the right 
shoulder ; for it is a ram of consecra- 
tion ; 23 and one loaf of bread, and 
one cake of oiled bread, and one 
wafer out of the basket of unleavened 
bread that is before Jehovah ; 2 * and 
thou shalt put the whole upon the 
hands of Aaron, and upon the hands 
of his sons, and thou shalt wave them 
for a wave offering before Jehovah. 
23 And thou shalt take them from their 
hands, and burn «hem on the altar 
upon the burnt offering, for an odor 
of delight before Jehovah, it is a fire 
offering to Jehovah. 2,J And thou 
shalt take the breast of the ram of 
consecration that is for Aaron, and 
wave it for a wave offering before Je- 
hovah ; and it shall be thy part. 
27 And thou shalt sanctify the breast 
of the wave offering, and the shoulder 
of the heave offering, which is waved 
and which is heaved, of the ram of 
consecration, even of that which is for 
Aaron, and of that which is for his 
sons, 28 and it shall be for Aaron and 
for his sons, a portion forever from 
the sons of Israel ; for it is a heave 
offering ; and there shall be a heave 
offering from the sons of Israel of the 
sacrifices of their peace offerings, their 
heave offering to Jehovah. 



Ver. 18. Odor of delight, one that quiets, delights, gives pleasure Fire offering, so 
called because burnt when offered. 



°3 



EXODUS XXX 



29 And the holy garments that are 
for Aaron shall be for his sons after 
him, to be anointed in them, and to 
be consecrated in them. 30 Seven 
days shall the one of his sons that is 
priest in his stead wear them, the one 
that comes into the tent of meeting to 
minister in the holy place. 

31 And thou shalt take the ram of 
consecration, and boil its flesh in a 
holy place. 32 And Aaron and his 
sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, 
and the bread that is in the basket, at 
the doorway of the tent of meeting. 
33 And they shall eat those things 
wherewith atonement has been made, 
to consecrate, and to sanctify them ; 
but a stranger shall not eat thereof, 
because they are holy. Si And if any 
of the flesh of the consecration, or of 
the bread, be left until the morning, 
then thou shalt burn that which is 
left with fire ; it shall not be eaten j 
for it is holy. 

35 And thus shalt thou do to Aaron, 
and to his sons, according to all that 
1 have commanded thee ; seven days 
shalt thou consecrate them. 36 And 
thou shalt offer every day a bullock 
for a sin offering for atonement j and 
thou shalt purify the altar in thy mak- 
ing atonement for it, and thou shalt 
anoint it to sanctify it. 37 Seven days 
shalt thou make atonement for the 
altar, and sanctify it, and the altar 
shall be most holy j everything that 
touches the altar shall be holy. 

38 And this is what thou shalt offer 
upon the altar : two lambs of the first 
year day by day continually. 39 The 
one lamb thou shalt offer in the morn- 
ing, and the other lamb thou shalt 
offer at evening. 40 And a tenth of 
an ephah of fine flour mingled with 
the fourth of a hin of beaten oil, and 
the fourth of a hin of wine for a drink 
offering, with the one lamb. 41 And 



the other lamb thou shalt offer at 
evening ; according to the meal offer- 
ing of the morning, and according to 
its drink offering, thou shalt offer for 
it, for an odor of delight, a fire offer- 
ing to Jehovah, 42 a continual burnt 
offering throughout your generations, 
at the doorway of the tent of meeting 
before Jehovah, where I will meet 
with you, to speak there to thee. 
43 And there I will meet with the sons 
of Israel ; and it shall be sanctified by 
my glory. 44 And I will sanctify the 
tent of meeting and the altar ; and I 
will sanctify Aaron and his sons, to be 
priests to me. 45 And I will dwell in 
the midst of the sons of Israel, and will 
be their God. 46 And they shall know 
that I Jehovah am their God, who 
brought them forth out of the land of 
Egypt, that I might dwell among 
them ; I, Jehovah their God. 

CHAPTER XXX 

1 And thou shalt make an altar to 
burn incense upon, of acacia wood 
shalt thou make it. 2 A cubit its 
length, and a cubit its breadth, four- 
square it shall be, and two cubits its 
height ; its horns shall be part of it. 

3 And thou shalt overlay it with pure 
gold, its top, and its sides round 
about and its horns ; and thou shalt 
make to it a rim of gold round about. 

4 And two rings of gold shalt thou 
make to it under its rim upon two of 
its sides, upon two sides of it shalt 
thou make them ; and they shall be 
for places for staves to carry it with 
them. 5 And thou shalt make the 
staves of acacia wood, and overlay 
them with gold. 6 And thou shalt 
place it in front of the veil that is 
before the ark of the testimony, in 
front of the mercy seat that is over 
the testimony, where I will meet with 
thee. 7 And Aaron shall burn upon 



Ver. 33. Atonement, Heb., covering; so throughout. 
IO4 






EXODUS XXX 



it incense of spices ; every morning 
when he trims the lamps he shall burn 
it ; 8 and when Aaron sets up the 
lamps at evening he shall burn it, per- 
petual incense before Jehovah through- 
out your generations. 9 Ye shall not of- 
fer strange incense upon it, nor burnt 
offering, nor meal offering, neither 
shall ye pour upon it a drink offering. 
10 And Aaron shall make atonement for 
the horns of it once in the year ; with 
the blood of the sin offering of atone- 
ment once in the year shall he make 
atonement for it throughout your gen- 
erations ; it is most holy to Jehovah. 

11 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, u When thou takest the sum of 
the sons of Israel, of those numbered 
of them, then shall they give every man 
a ransom for his life to Jehovah when 
thou numberest them that there may 
be no plague among them when thou 
numberest them. 13 This shall they 
give, every one that passes over to 
them that are numbered : half a 
shekel, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuary; (a shekel is twenty gerahs); 
a half shekel as a heave offering to 
Jehovah. u Every one that passes 
over to them that are numbered, from 
twenty years old and upward, shall 
give the heave offering of Jehovah. 
15 The rich shall not give more, and 
the poor shall not give less than the 
half shekel ; to give the heave offer- 
ing of Jehovah, in order to make 
atonement for your lives. 16 And thou 
shalt receive the atonement money 
from the sons of Israel, and thou 
shalt appoint it for the service of the 
tent of meeting, and it shall be for a 
remembrance before Jehovah for the 
sons of Israel, to make atonement for 
your lives. 

"And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 18 Thou shalt also make a laver 
of bronze, and its base of bronze, for 
washing ; and thou shalt place it 



between the tent of meeting and the 
altar, and thou shalt put water therein. 

19 And Aaron and his sons shall wash 
from it their hands and their feet. 

20 When they go into the tent of meet- 
ing they shall wash with water, that 
they die not ; or when they come 
near to the altar to minister, to burn 
a fire offering to Jehovah, 21 then 
shall they wash their hands and their 
feet, that they die not ; and it shall 
be a statute for ever to them, even to 
him and to his seed throughout their 
generations. 

22 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 23 Also take thou to thee the 
chief spices : of liquid myrrh five 
hundred shekels, and of sweet cinna- 
mon half so much, two hundred and 
fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus 
two hundred and fifty shekels, 2i and 
of cassia five hundred shekels, accord- 
ing to the shekel of the sanctuary, 
and of olive oil a hin; 25 and thou 
shalt make it a holy anointing oil, a 
perfumed ointment the work of a per- 
fumer ; it shall be a holy anointing 
oil. 26 And thou shalt anoint with it 
the tent of meeting, and the ark of 
the testimony, 27 and the table and all 
its utensils, and the lamp-stand and 
its utensils, and the altar of incense, 
28 and the altar of burnt offering and 
all its utensils, and the laver and its 
base, M and thou shalt sanctify them, 
and they shall be most holy ; every- 
thing that touches them shall be holy. 
30 And thou shalt anoint Aaron and 
his sons, and consecrate them to be 
priests to me. 31 And thou shalt 
speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 
This shall be a holy anointing oil to 
me throughout your generations. 
82 Upon the flesh of man it shall not 
be poured, neither shall ye make any 
like it according to its composition ; 
it is holy, and it shall be holy to you. 
33 Any man that makes a compound like 



io5 



EXODUS XXXI, XXXII 



it, or that puts any of it upon a stranger, 
shall be cut off from his people. 

34 And Jehovah said to Moses, Take 
to thee spices : gum storax, and 
onycha, and galbanum, these spices, 
and pure frankincense, there shall be 
equal amounts of each; 35 and thou 
shalt make of it incense, a perfume 
the work of the perfumer, salted, 
pure and holy. 36 And thou shalt 
beat some of it fine, and put some of 
it before the testimony in the tent of 
meeting, where I will meet with thee ; 
it shall be to you most holy. 37 And as 
for the incense which thou shalt make, 
ye shall not make any for yourselves 
according to its composition ; it shall 
be to thee holy for Jehovah. 38 Who- 
soever shall make any like it, to smell 
of it, shall be cut off from his people. 

CHAPTER XXXI 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 See, I have called by name Beza- 
leelthe son of Uri, the son of Hur of the 
tribe of Judah, 3 and I have filled him 
with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and 
in understanding, and in knowledge, 
and in all kinds of workmanship, 4 to 
devise skilful works, to work in gold, 
and in silver, and in bronze, 5 and in 
cutting stones for settings, and in 
carving wood, to work in all kinds of 
workmanship. 6 And I, behold, I 
have appointed with him Aholiab the 
son of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan ; 
and in the heart of every one wise 
hearted I have put wisdom, and they 
shall make all that I have commanded 
thee : 7 the tent of meeting ; and the 
ark of the testimony ; and the mercy 
seat that is upon it ; and all the uten- 
sils of the tent ; 8 and the table and 
its utensils ; and the pure lamp-stand 
and all its utensils ; and the altar of 
incense ; 'and the altar of burnt 
offering and all its utensils, and the 
laver and its base ; 10 and the finely 



wrought garments ; and the holy gar- 
ments for Aaron the priest, and the 
garments of his sons, to be priests ; 
11 and the anointing oil ; and the in- 
cense of spices for the sanctuary. 
According to all that I have com- 
manded thee shall they do. 

12 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 13 Also speak thou to the sons of 
Israel, saying, Surely my sabbaths ye 
shall keep ; for it is a sign between 
me and you throughout your genera- 
tions, that ye may know that I Je- 
hovah do sanctify you. u And ye shall 
keep the sabbath ; for it is holy to you ; 
every one that profanes it shall surely 
be put to death ; for whosoever does 
any work in it, that soul shall be cut 
off from among his people. 16 Six days 
shall work be done ; but on the seventh 
day is a holy sabbath of rest to Je- 
hovah ; whosoever does any work on 
the sabbath day shall surely be put to 
death. 16 But the sons of Israel shall 
keep the sabbath, to observe the sab- 
bath throughout their generations for 
a perpetual covenant. " It is a sign 
between me and the sons of Israel for- 
ever; for in six days Jehovah made 
the heavens and the earth, and on 
the seventh day he rested, and was 
refreshed. 

18 And he gave to Moses when he 
had finished speaking with him on 
mount Sinai the two tablets of the tes- 
timony, tablets of stone written with 
the finger of God. 

CHAPTER XXXII 

1 And when the people saw that 
Moses delayed to come down from 
the mount, the people were called to- 
gether to Aaron, and they said to 
him, Up, make us gods that shall go 
before us ; for as for this man Moses, 
who brought us up from the land of 
Egypt, we know not what has hap- 
pened to him. 2 And Aaron said to 



106 



EXODUS XXXII 



5 And when Aaron saw it, he 
altar before it ; and Aaron 



them, Pluck off the gold rings that are 
in the ears of your wives, your sons 
and your daughters, and bring them 
to me. "And all the people plucked 
off the gold rings that were in their 
ears, and brought them to Aaron. 
And he took them from their hand, 
id fashioned it with a graving tool, 
id made it a molten calf; and they 
lid, These are thy gods O Israel, that 
>rought thee up from the land of 

^gypt. 

milt an 

lade proclamation, and said, To-mor- 
>w there will be a feast to Jehovah. 

6 And they arose early on the mor- 
>w, and offered burnt offerings, and 

>rought peace offerings ; and the peo- 
)le sat down to eat and to drink, and 
ley rose up to play. 

7 And Jehovah said to Moses, Go, 
;t thee down ; for thy people which 

thou hast brought up from the land of 
^gypt have become corrupt : 8 they 
lave turned aside quickly from the 
ray that I commanded them ; they 
ive made for themselves a molten 
ilf, and have worshiped it, and have 
icrificed to it, and said, These are 
thy gods, O Israel, that brought thee 
ip from the land of Egypt. 

'And Jehovah said to Moses, I 
lave seen this people, and behold, it 
a stiffnecked people. 10 And now let 
le alone, and let my anger burn against 
lem, and I will consume them ; and 
will make thee to be a great nation. 
11 And Moses besought Jehovah his 
God, and said, O Jehovah, why shall 
thy anger burn against thy people 
which thou hast brought out from the 
land of Egypt with great power and 
with a strong hand ? u Why should 
the Egyptians say, For evil he has 
taken them out, to slay them in the 
mountains, and to consume them from 
the face of the ground ? Turn back 



from thy burning anger, and repent 
concerning the evil to thy people. 
13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Is- 
rael, thy servants, to whom thou didst 
swear by thyself, and didst say to 
them, I will multiply your seed as the 
stars of heaven, and all this land that 
I have spoken of I will give to your 
seed, and they shall inherit it forever. 

u And Jehovah repented concerning 
the evil that he had threatened to do 
to his people. 

15 And Moses turned and went down 
from the mount, and the two tablets 
of testimony were in his hand. The 
tablets were written on both their 
sides ; on the one side and on the 
other were they written. 16 And the 
tablets were the work of God, and the 
writing was the writing of God, en- 
graven upon the tablets. 

17 And when Joshua heard the sound 
of the people as they shouted, he said 
to Moses, There is the sound of war 
in the camp. 18 And he said, It is 
not the sound of a shout of victory, 
neither is it the sound of a cry of de- 
feat ; a sound of singing I hear. 
19 And it came to pass when he came 
near to the camp, and saw the calf 
and dancings, that the anger of Moses 
burned, and he cast from his hands 
the tablets, and broke them to pieces 
beneath the mount. 

20 And he took the calf that they had 
made, and burnt it with fire, and beat 
it until it was fine, and strewed it upon 
the water, and made the sons of Israel 
drink of it. "And Moses said to 
Aaron, What had this people done to 
thee, that thou hast brought upon 
them a great sin ? 22 And Aaron said, 
Let not the anger of my lord burn J 
thou thyself knowest that the people 
were in evil. 23 And they said to me, 
Make us gods that shall go before us ; 
for as for this man Moses, who brought 



Ver. 22. Were in evil, in difficult straits, Cf. 5 : 19. 
IO7 



EXODUS XXXIII 



us up from the land of Egypt, we know 
not what lias happened to him. 2i And 
I said to them, Whosoever has gold 
let them pluck it off. And they gave 
it to me, and I cast it into the fire, 
and there came out this calf. 

a5 And Moses saw that the people 
were naked — for Aaron had made them 
naked for a derision among their ene- 
mies — "and Moses stood in the gate 
of the camp, and said, Whoever is for 
Jehovah let him come to me. And 
all the sons of Levi gathered them- 
selves together to him. 27 And he 
said to them, Thus says Jehovah, God 
of Israel, Put ye each man his sword 
upon his thigh, and pass through the 
camp and back, from gate to gate, 
and slay each man his brother, and 
each man his fellow, and each man 
his neighbor. 28 And the sons of 
Levi did according to the word of 
Moses ; and there fell of the people 
on that day about three thousand 
men. 29 And Moses said, Consecrate 
yourselves to-day to Jehovah; for a 
man shall be against his son, and 
against his brother; that he may be- 
stow upon you a blessing this day. 

30 And it came to pass on the mor- 
row, that Moses said to the people, 
Ye have sinned a great sin ; and now 
I will go up to Jehovah j perhaps I 
can make atonement for your sin. 

31 And Moses returned to Jehovah, 
and said, Oh, this people have sinned 
a great sin, and have made for them- 
selves gods of gold. 32 Yet now if thou 
wilt forgive their sin— j and if not, 
blot me, 1 pray thee, out of thy book 
which thou hast written. 33 And Je- 
hovah said to Moses, Whosoever has 
Binned against me, him will I blot out 
of my book. ft And now, go, lead the 
people to the place of which I have 
tpotaa to thee ; behold, my angel 
shall go before thee ; but in the day 

Ver. -.'.,. ( •■.„ -, •, ,;,i,., Heb., to fi u the han(1 

IO 



when I visit I shall visit their sin upon 
them. 35 And Jehovah smote the peo- 
ple because they had made the calf 
which Aaron made. 

CHAPTER XXXIII 

l And Jehovah said to Moses, De- 
part, go up hence, thou and the people 
which thou hast brought up from the 
land of Egypt, to the land of which I 
swore to Abraham, to Isaac and to 
Jacob, saying, To thy seed will I give 
it. 2 And I will send an angel before 
thee ; and I will drive out the Canaan- 
ite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and 
the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebu- 
site ; 3 to a land flowing with milk and 
honey ; for I will not go up in the 
midst of thee, for thou art a stiff- 
necked people, lest I should consume 
thee on the way. 

4 And when the people heard these 
evil tidings they mourned ; and they 
did not put each one his ornaments 
upon him. 5 And Jehovah said to 
Moses, Say to the sons of Israel, Ye 
are a stiffnecked people ; were I to go 
up in the midst of thee for one moment 
I should consume thee ; and now put 
off thy ornaments from thee, and then 
I will know what I will do to thee. 
6 And the sons of Israel stripped them- 
selves of their ornaments from Mount 
Horeb onward. 

7 And Moses took the tent, and set 
it up outside the camp, and called it 
The tent of meeting. And it was, 
that any one that sought Jehovah 
went out to the tent of meeting, 
which was outside the camp. 8 And 
it came to pass, whenever Moses went 
out to the tent, all the people rose up, 
and stood, each man at the doorway 
of his tent, and they looked after Mo- 
ses until he entered the tent. 9 And it 
came to pass, whenever Moses entered 
into the tent, the pillar of cloud de 

Ver. 32. Riot, or erase, rub out. 

8 



t 



EXODUS XXXIV 



scended, and stood at the doorway of for man shall not see me and live. 



the tent ; and he talked with Moses. 
10 And when all the people saw the pil- 
lar of cloud standing at the doorway 
of the tent, all the people rose up and 
worshiped, each man at the doorway 
of his tent. ll And Jehovah spoke to 
Moses face to face, as a man speaks 
to his friend. Then he returned into 
the camp ; but his attendant Joshua, 
the son of Nun, a young man, de- 
parted not from the tent. 

12 And Moses said to Jehovah, See, 
thou sayest to me, Bring up this 
people ; and thou hast not let me 
know whom thou wilt send with me ; 
yet thou hast said, I have known thee 
by name, and thou hast found grace 
in my sight. u And now, I pray thee, 
if I have found grace in thy sight, 
make me to know, I pray thee, thy 
way, and I shall know thee, in order 
that I may find grace in thy sight ; 
and consider that this nation is thy 
people. M And he said, My presence 
shall go with thee, and I will give thee 
rest. 16 And he said to him, If thy 
presence go not, cause us not to go 
up hence. 16 And whereby now shall 
it be known that I have found grace 
in thy sight, I and thy people ? Shall 
it not be thy going with us? and thus 
we shall be distinguished, I and thy 
people, from all the people that are on 
the face of the earth. n And Jeho- 
vah said to Moses, Also this thing that 
thou hast spoken I will do ; for thou 
hast found grace in my sight, and I 
have known thee by name. 18 And he 
said, Shew me, I pray thee, thy glory. 
19 And he said, I will make all my 
goodness pass before thee, and I will 
proclaim the name of Jehovah before 
thee ; and I will be gracious to whom 
I will be gracious ; and will have mercy 
upon whom I will have mercy. 20 And 
he said, Thou canst not see my face ; 

Ver. 14. My presence, Hel>., my face. 



21 And Jehovah said, Behold, there is 
a place by me, and thou shalt stand 
beside the rock ; 22 and it shall be 
while my glory passes by, that I will 
place thee in the cleft of the rock, 
and will cover thee with my hand until 
I have passed by ; 23 and I will remove 
my hand, and thou shalt see my back, 
but my face shall not be seen. 

CHAPTER XXXIV 

1 And Jehovah said to Moses, Hew 
thee two tablets of stone like the first ; 
and I will write upon the tablets the 
words that were on the first tablets 
which thou didst break. 2 And be 
ready by morning, and come up in the 
morning to Mount Sinai, and take thy 
stand there before me on the top of the 
mount. 3 And no man shall come up 
with thee, neither let any man be seen 
in all the mount ; neither let the flocks 
nor the herds feed before that mount. 

4 And he hewed two tablets of stone 
like the first. And Moses arose early 
in the morning, and went up to Mount 
Sinai, as Jehovah had commanded 
him; and he took in his hand two 
tablets of stone. 5 And Jehovah de- 
scended in the cloud, and stood with 
him there, and proclaimed the name 
of Jehovah. 6 And Jehovah passed 
by before him, and proclaimed, Jeho- 
vah, Jehovah, God, merciful and gra- 
cious, slow of anger, and abundant in 
loving kindness and truth, 7 keeping 
loving kindness to the thousandth gen- 
eration, forgiving iniquity, and trans- 
gression and sin, but who will by no 
means acquit the guilty ; visiting the 
iniquity of fathers upon children, and 
upon children's children, upon the 
third and upon the fourth generation. 

8 And Moses made haste, and bowed 
down to the earth and worshiped. 

9 And he said, I pray thee, if I have 

Ver. 7. Thousandth. See 20 : 6. 



IO9 



EXODUS XXXIV 



found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let 
the Lord, I pray thee, go in the midst 
of us ; for it is a stiffnecked people ; 
and forgive our iniquity and our sin, 
and take us for an inheritance. 10 And 
he said, Behold, I make a covenant : 
before all thy people I will do wonder- 
ful works, such as have not been cre- 
ated in all the earth, nor in all the 
nations ; and all the people in the 
midst of which thou art shall see the 
work of Jehovah, that it is a terrible 
thing that I am about to do with thee. 
11 Observe thou that which I command 
thee this day : behold, I am going 
to drive out from before thee the 
Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the 
Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the 
Hivite, and the Jebusite. 12 Take 
heed to thyself, lest thou make a 
covenant with the inhabitants of the 
land to which thou comest, lest it be- 
come a snare in the midst of thee 3 
13 but their altars ye shall tear down, 
and their pillars ye shall break to 
pieces, and their asherahs ye shall cut 
down ; u for thou shalt not worship 
another god ; for Jehovah, whose 
name is Jealous, is a jealous God. 
15 Lest thou make a covenant with the 
inhabitants of the land, and they go 
a whoring after their gods, and sacri- 
fice to their gods, and one call thee, 
and thou eat of his sacrifice ; 16 and 
thou take of their daughters for thy 
sons, and their daughters go a whoring 
after their gods, and make thy sons 
go a whoring after their gods, v 17 Thou 
shalt not make for thee molten gpds. 

18 The feast of unleaveneH' bread 
shalt thou keep. Seven days thou 
shalt eat unleavened bread, as I com- 
manded thee, at the time appointed 
in the month Abib; for in the month 
Abib thou earnest out from Egypt. 

19 Kvery firstborn is mine ; and all 

Vcr. 25. Whil<: there is leaven. See 33 : 18 



Vcr. 29. Become radiant, Hob., sent forth rays 



thy cattle that are male, firstborn of 
oxen or sheep. 30 But the firstborn of 
an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb ; 
and if thou redeem it not, then thou 
shalt break its neck. Every firstborn 
of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And 
they shall not appear before me empty. 
31 Six days shalt thou work, but on the 
seventh day thou shalt rest ; in plowing 
time and in harvest thou shalt rest. 

12 And thou shalt observe the feast 
of weeks, the firstfruits of wheat har- 
vest, and the feast of ingathering at 
the end of the year. 23 Three times in 
the year shall every one of thy males 
appear before the Lord Jehovah, the 
God of Israel. 24 For I will drive out 
the nations from before thee, and en- 
large thy borders ; and no man shall 
desire thy land when thou comest up 
to appear before Jehovah thy God 
three times in the year. 
■ 26 Thou shalt not offer the blood of 
my sacrifice while there is leaven, nei- 
ther shall the sacrifice of the feast of the 
passover remain until the morning. 

26 The first of the firstfruits of thy 
land thou shalt bring to the house of 
Jehovah thy God. Thou shalt not 
boil a kid in its mother's milk. 

27 And Jehovah said to Moses, Write 
thou these words ; for according to 
these words I have made a covenant 
with thee and with Israel. 28 And he 
was there with Jehovah forty days and 
forty nights ; and he did not eat bread, 
nor did he drink water. And he 
wrote upon the tablets the words of 
the covenant, the ten commandments. 

29 And it came to pass when Moses 
descended from mount Sinai, and the 
two tablets of the testimony were in 
the hand of Moses when he descended 
from the mount, that Moses knew not 
that the skin of his face had become 
radiant while he talked with him. 

Ver. 28. Commandments, Heb., words. 



I IO 






EXODUS XXXV 



50 And Aaron and all the sons of Israel 
saw Moses, and behold, the skin of 
his face was radiant ; and they were 
afraid to come near him. 31 And 
Moses called to them, and Aaron and 
all the princes in the congregation re- 
turned to him, and Moses spoke to 
them. 32 And afterward all the sons 
of Israel came near ; and he gave 
them in commandment all about 
which Jehovah had spoken with him 
in mount Sinai. 33 And Moses finished 
speaking with them. And he put a 
veil over his face. 34 But whenever 
Moses went in before Jehovah to 
speak with him, he removed the veil 
until he came out. And he came out 
and spoke to the sons of Israel that 
which he was commanded. 35 And 
the sons of Israel saw the face of 
Moses, that the skin of Moses' face 
was radiant ; and Moses put the veil 
upon his face again, until he went in 
to speak with him. 

CHAPTER XXXV 

*And Moses gathered all the con- 
gregation of . the sons of Israel to- 
gether, and said to them, These are 
the words that Jehovah has com- 
manded, that ye should do them : 
2 Six days shall work be done, but on 
the seventh day there shall be to you 
a holy day, a sabbath of rest to Je- 
hovah ; whosoever does work therein 
shall be put to death. 3 Ye shall not 
kindle a fire in any of your dwellings 
on the sabbath day. 

*And Moses spoke to all the con- 
gregation of the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, This is the thing that Jehovah 
has commanded, saying, 5 Take ye 
from among you a heave offering for 
Jehovah ; let every one whose heart 
is willing bring it, the heave offering 
of Jehovah : gold, and silver and 
bronze, 6 and blue, and purple, and 



scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' 
hair, 7 and rams' skin dyed red, and 
seals' skins, and acacia wood, 3 and 
oil for the light, and spices for the 
anointing oil and for the incense of 
spices, 9 and onyx stones, and stones 
for setting, for the ephod and for the 
breastplate. 10 And all the wise hearted 
among you shall come, and make all 
that Jehovah has commanded: "the 
tabernacle, its tent, and its covering, 
its clasps, and its boards, its bars, its 
pillars, and its sockets ; u the ark, and 
its staves, the mercy seat, and the veil 
of the screen j 13 the table, and its 
staves, and all its utensils, and the 
bread of presence j u and the lamp- 
stand for the light, and its utensils, 
and its lamps, and the oil for the 
light ; 15 and the altar of incense, and 
its staves, and the anointing oil, and 
the incense of spices ; and the screen 
for the door at the doorway of the 
tabernacle ; 16 the altar of burnt offer- 
ing, and the bronze grating that be- 
longs to it, its staves, and all its uten- 
sils ; the laver, and its base ; " the 
hangings of the court, its pillars and 
their sockets ; and the screen for the 
gate of the court ; 18 the pegs of the 
tabernacle, and the pegs of the court, 
and their cords ; 19 the finely wrought 
garments, to minister in the sanctu- 
ary, the holy garments for Aaron the 
priest, and the garments of his sons, 
to be priests. 

20 And all the congregation of the 
sons of Israel departed from the pres- 
ence of Moses. 

21 And they came, every man whose 
heart stirred him up ; and every one 
whose spirit impelled him brought the 
heave offering of Jehovah for the 
work of the tent of meeting, and for 
all its service, and for the holy gar- 
ments. u And they came, both men 
and women, all who were willing 



Ver. i2. Veil of the screen, veil that screened the ark. 
Ill 



EXODUS XXXVI 



hearted brought bracelets, and rings, 
and signet rings, and beads, every 
article of gold ; and every man that 
offered a wave offering of gold to Je- 
hovah. 23 And every man with whom 
was found blue, or purple, or scarlet, 
or fine linen, or goats' hair, or rams' 
skins dyed red, or seals' skins, brought 
them. -'* Every one that offered a 
heave offering of silver, or of bronze, 
brought the heave offering of Jeho- 
vah ; and every one with whom was 
found acacia wood for all the work of 
the service, brought it. 25 And all 
the women that were wise hearted 
did spin with their hands, and brought 
what was spun, the blue, and the pur- 
ple, the scarlet, and the fine linen. 
26 And all the women whose heart 
stirred them up in wisdom spun the 
goats' hair. 27 And the princes brought 
the onyx stones, and the stones for 
setting, for the ephod and for the 
breastplate ; 28 and the spices, and the 
oil for the light, and for the anointing 
oil, and for the incense of spices. 
29 The sons of Israel brought a willing 
offering to Jehovah, every man and 
woman whose heart impelled them to 
bring for all the work that Jehovah had 
commanded by Moses to be made. 

80 And Moses said to the sons of 
Israel, See, Jehovah has called by 
name Bezaleel, the son of Uri, the 
son of Hur of the tribe of Judah ; 
81 and he has filled him with the spirit 
of (rod, in wisdom, in understanding, 
and in knowledge, and in all manner 
of workmanship, "and to design skil- 
ful designs, to work in gold, and in 
silver, and in bronze, f? and in cutting 
stones for setting, and in carving wood, 
to work in all kinds of skilful work. 
P And he has put in his heart to teach, 
both he and Aholiab the son of Ahis- 
aitt ac h of the tribe of Dan. :I5 He has 
tilled them with wisdom of heart, to do 
all kinds of work, of the engraver, and 



of the designer, and of the embroiderer 
in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and 
in fine linen, and of the weaver, of 
them that do all kinds of work, and of 
them that design skilful designs. 

CHAPTER XXXVI 

*And Bezaleel and Aholiab and 
every wise hearted man in whom Je- 
hovah has put wisdom and under- 
standing, to know how to work, shall 
make all the work for the service of 
the sanctuary, according to all that 
Jehovah has commanded. 

2 And Moses called Bezaleel and 
Aholiab and every wise hearted man, 
in whose heart Jehovah had put wis- 
dom, every one whose heart stirred 
him up to come to the work to do it ; 
3 and they took from before Moses all 
the heave offering that the sons of 
Israel had brought for the work of the 
service of the sanctuary, to make it 
with. And these brought to him fur- 
ther free-will offerings every morning. 

*And all the wise men that were 
making all the work of the sanctuary 
came, each man from the work that 
they were making, 5 and they spoke to 
Moses, saying, The people are bring- 
ing much more than enough for the 
service of the work which Jehovah 
commanded to make. 6 And Moses 
gave commandment, and they caused 
it to be proclaimed throughout the 
camp, saying, Let neither man nor 
woman make any more work for the 
heave offering of the sanctuary. And 
the people were restrained from bring- 
ing. 7 And as for the work, they had 
sufficient for all the work to make it, 
and there was some left over. 

8 And all the wise hearted among 
them that were making the work made 
the tabernacle, ten curtains of fine 
twined linen, and blue, and purple 
and scarlet; with cherubim of skil- 
fully woven work [Bezaleel] made 



I 7 






EXODUS XXXVI 



them. * The length of each curtain was 
twenty-eight cubits, and the breadth 
of each curtain was four cubits j all 
the curtains were of one measure. 
10 And he joined five of the curtains 
together, and the other five curtains 
he joined together. u And he made 
loops of blue upon the edge of the 
one curtain that was outmost in the 
first set ; so he made in the edge of 
le outmost curtain in the second set : 
fifty loops he made in the one cur- 
in, and fifty loops he made in the 
Ige of the curtain that was in the 
;cond set ; the loops were opposite 
le another. 13 And he made fifty 
isps of gold, and coupled the cur- 
tins together with the clasps ; and 
le tabernacle was one. 
14 And he made curtains of goats' 
lir for a tent over the tabernacle ; 
:ven curtains made he them. 15 The 
lgth of each curtain was thirty 
ibits, and the breadth of each cur- 
lin four cubits ; the eleven curtains 
:re of one measure. 16 And he 
joined five of the curtains by them- 
selves, and the other six curtains by 
themselves. n And he made fifty 
loops upon the edge of the outmost 
curtain in the one set, and fifty loops 
made he upon the edge of the joining 
curtain of the second set. 18 And he 
made fifty clasps of bronze to join the 
tent together, that it might be one. 
19 And he made a covering for the 
tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a 
covering of seals' skins above. 

30 And he made the boards for the 
tabernacle of acacia wood, standing 
upright. 21 The length of each board 
was ten cubits, and the breadth of 
each board one cubit and a half. 

22 Each board had two tenons joined 
one to another ; thus did he make to 
all the boards of the tabernacle. 

23 And he made the boards for the 
tabernacle : twenty boards for the 



south side, southward ; 24 and forty 
sockets of silver he made under the 
twenty boards : two sockets under 
one board for its two tenons, and 
two sockets under another board for 
its two tenons, 25 and for the second 
side of the tabernacle, on the north 
side, he made twenty boards, 26 and 
their forty sockets of silver : two 
sockets under one board, and two 
sockets under another board. 27 And 
for the rear of the tabernacle, west- 
ward, he made six boards. 28 And 
two boards made he for the corners 
of the tabernacle in the rear. 29 And 
they were coupled at the bottom, and 
united, they were joined up to the 
top, entering into one ring. Thus he 
did to both of them at both the corners. 
30 And there were eight boards, and 
their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets ; 
under each board two sockets. 

31 And he made bars of acacia wood : 
five for the boards of the one side of 
the tabernacle, 32 and five bars for the 
boards of the other side of the taber- 
nacle, and five bars for the boards of 
the tabernacle at the rear, westward. 
33 And he made the middle bar which 
was to extend between the boards 
from the one end to the other. 34 And 
he overlaid the boards with gold, and 
made their rings of gold to be places 
for the bars, and overlaid the bars 
with gold. 

35 And he made the vail of blue, 
and purple, and scarlet, and fine 
twined linen, with cherubim of skil- 
fully woven work he made it. 36 And 
he made for it four pillars of acacia 
wood, and overlaid them with gold, 
and their hooks were of gold ; and he 
cast for them four sockets of silver. 
37 And he made a screen for the door- 
way of the tent, of blue, and purple, 
and scarlet, and fine twined linen, em- 
broidered work ; 38 and its five pillars, 
and their hooks ; and he overlaid their 



'J 



EXODUS XXXVII 



capitals and their rods with gold ; and 
their five sockets were of bronze. 

CHAPTER XXXVII 

1 And Bezaleel made the ark of 
acacia wood : two cubits and a half its 
length, and a cubit and a half its 
breadth, and a cubit and a half its 
height ; 2 and he overlaid it with pure 
gold within and without, and he made 
a rim of gold to it round about. 
3 And he cast for it four rings of gold, 
to be on its four feet : two rings on 
the one side of it, and two rings on 
the other side of it. 4 And he made 
staves of acacia wood, and overlaid 
them with gold. 5 And he put the 
staves into the rings on the sides of 
the ark to carry the ark. 

6 And he made a mercy seat of pure 
gold : two cubits and a half its length, 
and a cubit and a half its breadth. 
7 And he made two cherubim of gold, 
of turned work made he them, at the 
two ends of the mercy seat : 8 one 
cherub at the one end, and another 
cherub at the other end ; from the 
mercy seat made he the cherubim at 
the two ends thereof. 9 And the 
cherubim were spreading their wings 
upward, sheltering with their wings 
the mercy seat, and their faces were 
toward each other, toward the mercy 
seat were the faces of the cherubim. 

10 And he made the table of acacia 
wood : two cubits its length, and a 
cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a 
half its height ; " and he overlaid it 
with pure gold, and made to it a rim 
of gold round about. 12 And he made 
to it a border of a handbreadth round 
about ; and he made a rim of gold to 
its border round about. 1:i And he 
i ast for it four rings of gold, and put 
tlw rrttgs upon the four corners that 
were at its four feet. u Close by the 
border were the rings, places for the 
staves, to carry the table. 15 And he 



made the staves of acacia wood, and 
overlaid them with gold, to carry the 
table. 16 And he made the dishes 
that were on the table : its plates, and 
its cups, and its flagons, and its bowls 
with which libations were made, of 
pure gold. 

17 And he made the lamp-stand of 
pure gold, of turned work made he 
the lamp-stand ; its base, and its shaft, 
its cups, its knobs and its flowers, were 
part of it ; 18 and six branches were 
going out from its sides : three 
branches of the lamp-stand from its 
one side, and three branches of the 
lamp-stand from its other side ; 19 three 
cups made like almond blossoms on 
one branch, a knob and a flower ; 
and three cups made like almond 
blossoms on another branch, a knob 
and a flower ; so for the six branches 
going out from the lamp-stand. 20 And 
on the lamp-stand were four cups 
made like almond blossoms, its knobs 
and its flowers ; 21 and a knob under 
two branches as part of it, and a knob 
under two branches as part of it, and 
a knob under two branches as part of 
it, for the six branches going out from 
it ; 22 their knobs and their branches 
were part of it ; the whole of it was 
one turned work of pure gold. 23 And 
he made its seven lamps, and its 
snuffers, and its snuff dishes, of pure 
gold. u Of a talent of pure gold made 
he it and all its utensils. 

25 And he made the altar of incense 
of acacia wood : a cubit its length, 
and a cubit its breadth, four square, 
and two cubits its height ; its horns 
were part of it. 26 And he overlaid it 
with pure gold, its top, and its sides 
round about, and its horns ; and he 
made to it a rim of gold round about. 
27 And he made two rings of gold for 
it under its rim, upon its two sides, 
upon the two sides thereof, places for 
staves, to carry it with. 28 And he 



114 



EXODUS XXXVIII 



made the staves of acacia wood, and 
overlaid them with gold. 29 And he 
made the holy anointing oil, and the 
pure incense of spices, the work of 
the perfumer. 

CHAPTER XXXVIII 

1 And he made the altar of burnt 

fering of acacia wood : five cubits 

length, and five cubits its breadth, 

>ur square, and three cubits its height. 

1 And he made its horns upon its four 

>mers ; its horns were part of it ; 

id he overlaid it with bronze. 3 And 

made all the utensils of the altar, 

buckets, and its shovels, and its 

)asins, and its flesh hooks, and its fire 

ins, all its utensils he made of bronze. 

md he made for the altar a grating, 

net work of bronze, beneath its 

Ige, reaching to the middle of it. 

Lnd he cast four rings for the four 

ids of the grating of bronze, places 

>r the staves. 6 And he made the 

ives of acacia wood, and overlaid 

lem with bronze. " And he put the 

ives into the rings on the sides of 

altar, to carry it with them ; he 

ide it hollow with boards. 

8 And he made the laver of bronze, 
td its base of bronze, out of the 
drrors of the ministering women that 
linistered at the door of the tent of 
leeting. 

9 And he made the court : for the 
south side, southward, the hangings 
of the court were of fine twined linen, 
a hundred cubits ; 10 their pillars 
twenty, and their sockets twenty, of 
bronze ; the hooks of the pillars, and 
their rods of silver. n And for the 
north side a hundred cubits ; their 
pillars twenty, and their sockets 
twenty, of bronze ; the hooks of the 
pillars and their rods of silver. 12 And 
for the west side hangings of fifty 
cubits ; their pillars ten and their 
sockets ten ; the hooks of the pillars 



and their rods of silver. 13 And for 
the front side, eastward, fifty cubits ; 
" the hangings for the one side fifteen 
cubits ; their pillars three and their 
sockets three ; 15 and for the other 
side, on each side of the gate of the 
court, hangings of fifteen cubits ; their 
pillars three, and their sockets three. 

16 All the hangings of the court round 
about were of fine twined linen. 

17 And the sockets for the pillars were 
of bronze ; the hooks of the pillars 
and their rods of silver ; and the over- 
laying of their capitals was of silver ; 
and all the pillars of the court were 
joined with rods of silver. 18 And the 
screen for the gate of the court was 
embroidered work, of blue, and pur- 
ple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen ; 
and twenty cubits was the length, and 
the height in breadth five cubits, 
corresponding to the hangings of the 
court. 19 And their pillars were four, 
and their sockets four of bronze ; 
their hooks of silver, and the over- 
laying of thejr capitals and their rods 
of silver. 20 All the pegs for the taber- 
nacle and for the court round about 
were of bronze. 

21 These are the numbered things 
of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of 
the testimony, that were numbered at 
the command of Moses for the service 
of the Levites by the hand of Ithamar 
the son of Aaron the priest. 22 And 
Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of 
Hur of the tribe of Judah, made all 
that Jehovah had commanded Moses. 

23 And with him was Aholiab the son 
of Ahisamach of the tribe of Dan, an 
engraver, and a skilful weaver, and 
an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, 
and in scarlet, and in fine linen. 

24 All the gold that was used for the 
work in all the work of the sanctuary, 
the gold of the wave offering, was 
twenty-nine talents and seven hundred 
and thirty shekels, according to the 



"5 



EXODUS XXXIX 



shekel of the sanctuary. 25 And the 
silver of those that were numbered of 
the congregation was a hundred talents 
and one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy-five shekels, according to the 
shekel of the sanctuary ; 26 a bekah 
for every man, half a shekel, according 
to the shekel of the sanctuary, for 
every one that passed over to them 
that were numbered, from twenty 
years old and upward, for six hundred 
and three thousand and five hundred 
and fifty men. 27 And the hundred 
talents of silver were for casting the 
sockets of the sanctuary and the sock- 
ets of the veil : a hundred sockets for 
the hundred talents, a talent for a 
socket. 28 And of the one thousand 
seven hundred and seventy-five shek- 
els he made hooks for the pillars, and 
overlaid their capitals, and joined 
them with rods. w And the bronze 
of the wave offering was seventy tal- 
ents and two thousand and four hun- 
dred shekels. 30 And with it he made 
the sockets at the doorway of the tent 
of meeting, and the bronze altar, and 
the bronze grating that belonged to it, 
and all the utensils of the altar, 31 and 
the sockets of the court round about, 
and the sockets of the gate of the 
court, and all the pegs of the taber- 
nacle, and all the pegs of the court 
round about. 

CHAFrER XXXIX 

1 And of the blue, and the purple, 
and the scarlet, they made finely 
wrought garments for ministering in 
the sanctuary, and they made the 
holy garments that were for Aaron, as 
Jehovah commanded Moses. 2 And 
he made the ephod of gold, blue, and 
purple, and scarlet, and fine twined 
lin< n. 3 And they beat thin the plates 
of gold, and cut threads, to work in 
tin- midst of the blue, and in the midst 
of the purple, and in the midst of the 

ii 



scarlet, and in the midst of the fine 
linen, skilfully woven work. 4 They 
made shoulder pieces for it, joining 
together ; at its two edges was it 
joined together. 5 And the woven 
belt for girding it, that was upon it, 
was part of it, made like it, of gold, 
blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine 
twined linen, as Jehovah commanded 
Moses. 6 And they made the onyx 
stones enclosed in settings of gold, en- 
graved like the engravings of a signet, 
according to the names of the sons of 
Israel. 7 And he put them upon the 
shoulder pieces of the ephod, stones 
of remembrance for the sons of Israel, 
as Jehovah commanded Moses. 

8 And he made the breastplate of 
skilfully woven work, like the work of 
the ephod, of gold, blue and purple, 
and scarlet, and fine twined linen j 
9 it was foursquare ; they made the 
breastplate doubled ; a span its 
length, and a span its breadth when 
doubled. 10 And they set in it four 
rows of stones : a row of a ruby, a 
topaz and an emerald, this was the 
first row ; n and the second row, a car- 
buncle, a sapphire and a sardonyx ; 
12 and the third row, a tourmaline, an 
agate and an amethyst ; 13 and the 
fourth row, a beryl, an onyx and a 
jasper. They were enclosed in set- 
tings of gold in their settings. u And 
the stones were corresponding to the 
names of the sons of Israel, they were 
twelve, corresponding to their names, 
with the engravings of a signet, ac- 
cording to the name of each, for the 
twelve tribes. 15 And they made upon 
the breastplate wreathed chains of 
braided work of pure gold. 16 And 
they made two settings of gold, and 
two rings of gold, and put the two 
rings upon the two ends of the breast- 
plate. " And they put the two braided 
chains of gold into the rings at the 
ends of the breastplate, 18 and the 
6 



EXODUS XXXIX 



other two ends of the two braided 
chains they put upon the two settings, 
and put them upon the shoulder 
pieces of the ephod, on the front 
of it. 19 And they made two rings 
of gold, and put them upon the 
two ends of the breastplate, upon 
its edge that was toward the ephod 
inward. 20 And they made two rings 
of gold, and put them upon the 
two shoulder pieces of the ephod 
underneath, on the front of it, close 
to its joining, above the woven belt 
of the ephod. 21 And they bound 
the breastplate with a cord of blue 
from its rings to the rings of the 
ephod, that it might be above the 
woven belt of the ephod, and that 
the breastplate might not be removed 
from upon the ephod, as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 

"And he made the robe of the 
ephod of woven work, all of blue. 
23 And the opening of the robe in the 
centre was like the opening of a coat 
of mail ; the opening had a binding 
round about it, that it might not be 
torn. 24 And they made upon the 
skirts of the robe pomegranates of 
blue, and purple, and scarlet, of 
twisted work. * And they made bells 
of pure gold, and put the bells be- 
tween the pomegranates upon the 
skirts of the robe round about, be- 
tween the pomegranates j 2C a bell and 
a pomegranate, a bell and a pome- 
granate, upon the skirts of the robe 
round about, to minister in, as Jeho- 
vah commanded Moses. 

27 And they made the tunics of fine 
linen of woven work for Aaron and 
his sons ; 2S and the turban of fine 
linen ; and the ornamented caps of 
fine linen ; and linen drawers of fine 
twined linen j 29 and the girdle of fine 
twined linen, and blue, and purple, 
and scarlet, of embroidered work ; as 
Jehovah commanded Moses. 



:1 ° And they made the plate of the 
i holy diadem of pure gold, and wrote 
j upon it a writing, like the engraving 
I of a signet, Holiness to Jehovah. 
1 31 And they fastened to it a cord of 
| blue, to put it upon the turban above, 
I as Jehovah commanded Moses. 

32 And all the service of the taber- 
| nacle of the tent of meeting was fin- 
| ished ; and the sons of Israel made it 
; according to all that Jehovah com- 
| manded Moses, so did they. 

33 And they brought the tabernacle 
! to Moses, the tent, and all its uten- 
sils, its clasps, its boards, its bars, and 

I its pillars, and its sockets; 34 and the 
i covering of rams' skins dyed red j 
j and the covering of seals' skins ; and 

the veil of the screen ; 35 and the ark 
| of the testimony, and its staves, and 
i the mercy seat ; 36 the table and all its 

utensils, and the bread of presence ; 

37 and the pure lamp-stand, its lamps, 
the lamps to be set in order, and all 
its utensils ; and the oil for the light ; 

38 and the golden altar ; and the 
anointing oil ; and the incense of 
spices ; and the screen for the door- 
way of the tent ; 39 the bronze altar, 
and the grating of bronze that be- 

j longed to it, its staves, and all its 
| utensils ; the laver and its base ; *° the 
i hangings of the court, its pillars, and 
j its sockets ; and the screen for the 
gate of the court, its cords, and its 
pegs, and all the utensils for the serv- 
ice of the tabernacle, for the tent of 
meeting j 41 the finely wrought gar- 
ments for ministering in the sanctuary, 
the holy garments for Aaron the 
priest, and his sons' garments, to be 
priests. 42 According to all that Jeho- 
vah commanded Moses, so the sons 
of Israel made all the work. 43 And 
Moses saw all the work, and behold, 
they had made it ; as Jehovah had 
commanded so had they made it. 
And Moses blessed them. 



117 



EXODUS XL 



CHAPTER XL 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses say- 
ing, 2 On the first day of the first 
month shalt thou set up the tabernacle 
of the tent of meeting. 3 And thou 
shalt put therein the ark of the testi- 
mony, and screen the ark with the 
veil. *And thou shalt bring in the 
table, and set in order the things upon 
it. And thou shalt bring in the lamp- 
stand, and set up its lamps. 5 And thou 
shalt set the golden altar of incense 
before the ark of the testimony, and 
place the screen at the doorway of the 
tabernacle. 6 And thou shalt set the 
altar of burnt offering before the en- 
trance of the tabernacle of the tent of 
meeting. 7 And thou shalt place the 
laver between the tent of meeting and 
the altar, and shalt put water therein. 
8 And thou shalt place the court round 
about, and put the screen at the gate 
of the court. 9 And thou shalt take 
the anointing oil, and anoint the taber- 
nacle and all that is in it, and sanctify it 
and all its utensils, and it shall be holy. 
10 And thou shalt anoint the altar of 
burnt offering and all its utensils, and 
sanctify the altar, and the altar shall 
be most holy. W And thou shalt anoint 
the laver and its base, and sanctify it. 

12 And thou shalt bring Aaron and his 
sons to the doorway of the tent of meet- 
ing, and wash them with the water. 

13 And thou shalt clothe Aaron with the 
holy garments, and thou shalt anoint 
him, and sanctify him, that he may be 
a priest to me. u And thou shalt bring 
near his sons, and clothe them with 
tunics ; 15 and thou shalt anoint them, 
as thou didst anoint their father, that 
they may be priests to me ; and their 
anointing shall be to them for an ever- 
lasting priesthood throughout their 
generations. 16 And Moses did so ; 
according to all that Jehovah com- 
manded him, so did he. 

n 



17 And it came to pass in the first 
month in the second year, on the first 
day of the month, that the tabernacle 
was set up. 18 And Moses set up the 
tabernacle, and placed its sockets, and 
set its boards, and placed its bars, and 
set up its pillars ; 1!) and he spread the 
tent over the tabernacle, and put the 
covering of the tent above upon it, 
as Jehovah commanded Moses. 20 And 
he took and put the testimony into 
the ark, and set the staves upon the 
ark, and put the mercy seat above 
upon the ark. n And he brought the 
ark into the tabernacle, and placed the 
veil of the screen, and screened the 
ark of the testimony, as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 22 And he put 
the table in the tent of meeting, on 
the side of the tabernacle northward, 
outside the veil ; 23 and he arranged 
upon it the rows of bread before Jeho- 
vah, as Jehovah commanded Moses. 
24 And he set the lamp-stand in the 
tent of meeting, opposite the table, 
on the side of the tabernacle south- 
ward. 25 And he set up the lamps 
before Jehovah, as Jehovah com- 
manded Moses. 20 And he set the 
golden altar in the tent of meeting 
before the veil; 27 and he burnt in- 
cense of spices upon it, as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 28 And he placed 
the screen at the doorway of the tab- 
ernacle. 29 And he set the altar of 
burnt offering at the door of the tab- 
ernacle of the tent of meeting, and 
offered upon it the burnt offering and 
the meal offering, as Jehovah com- 
manded Moses. 30 And he set the 
laver between the tent of meeting and 
the altar, and put water therein to 
wash with. 31 And Moses and Aaron 
and his sons washed their hands and 
their feet from it ; 32 when they went 
into the tent of meeting, and when the} 
came near to the altar they washed, as 
Jehovah commanded Moses. 33 And 
8 



LEVITICUS I 



he set up the court round about the 
tabernacle and the altar, and placed 
the screen at the gate of the court. 
And Moses finished the work. 
. 3 *And the cloud covered the tent 
>f meeting, and the glory of Jehovah 
id the tabernacle. 35 And Moses 

is not able to enter into the tent 
meeting, because the cloud abode 

)on it, and the glory of Jehovah 

led the tabernacle. 



36 And when the cloud was taken 
from upon the tabernacle the sons of 
Israel journeyed in all their journeys j 
37 and if the cloud was not taken up, 
then they journeyed not till the day 
that it was taken up. 38 For the cloud 
of Jehovah was on the tabernacle by 
day, and fire was in it by night, in 
the sight of all the house of Israel, in 
all their journeys. 



LEVITICUS 



CHAPTER I 

1 And Jehovah called to Moses and 

)ke to him out of the tent of meet- 
saying, 2 Speak to the sons of 

rael, and say to them, When any 
lan of you brings an oblation to Jeho- 
ih, ye shall bring your oblation from 
the cattle, from the herd or from the 
flock. 3 If his oblation be a burnt 
offering from the herd, he shall bring 
a male without blemish : he shall bring 
it to the doorway of the tent of meet- 
ing for his acceptance before Jehovah. 
4 And he shall lean his hand upon the 
head of the burnt offering ; and it 
shall be accepted for him to make 
atonement for him. 5 And he shall 
kill the bullock before Jehovah ; and 
the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall 
bring the blood and sprinkle the blood 
round about upon the altar that is at 
the doorway of the tent of meeting. 
And they shall flay the burnt offer- 
ing, and cut it into pieces. 

7 And the sons of Aaron the priest 
shall put fire upon the altar, and ar- 
range wood upon the fire. 8 And the 

V<r. i. Meeting, where Cod was to meet them. 
Ver. 4. Make atonement, Heb.. to cover. Ver. 9. 

hence, pacifying, giving pleasure, 



sons of Aaron the priest shall arrange 
the pieces, the head and the fat upon 
the wood that is on the fire which is 
on the altar ; ,J and its inwards and its 
legs they shall wash in water ; and the 
priest shall burn the whole on the altar 
for a burnt offering, a fire offering of 
an odor of delight to Jehovah. 

10 And if his oblation be from the 
flock, from the sheep, or from the 
goats, for a burnt offering ; he shall 
bring it a male without blemish. n And 
he shall kill it on the north side of the 
altar before Jehovah; and the sons of 
Aaron, the priests, shall sprinkle its 
blood upon the altar round about. 
12 And they shall cut it into pieces, 
with its head and its fat ; and the priest 
shall arrange them on the wood that is 
on the fire which is on the altar. 13 And 
he shall wash the inwards and the legs 
with water ; and the priest shall bring 
the whole, and burn it upon the altar : 
it is a burnt offering, a fire offering of 
an odor of delight to Jehovah. 

14 And if his oblation to Jehovah be 
a burnt offering from the birds, then 
he shall bring from the turtledoves, or 

Ver. 2. Cattle, including all domestic animals. 
Delight, the root of the Hebrew word means to rest ; 
delight, as used in this expression. 



119 



LEVITICUS II, III 



from the young pigeons his oblation. 

15 And the priest shall bring it to the 
altar, and pinch off its head, and burn 
it on the altar ; and its blood shall be 
pressed out against the side of the altar ; 

16 and he shall remove its crop with its 
filth, and cast it beside the altar east- 
ward, at the place for the ashes. " And 
he shall split it by its wings, but shall 
not divide it. And the priest shall 
burn it on the altar, on the wood that 
is on the fire : it is a burnt offering, a 
fire offering of an odor of delight to 
Jehovah. 

CHAPTER II 

1 And when any one brings as an 
oblation a meal offering to Jehovah, 
his oblation shall be of fine flour; and 
he shall pour oil upon it, and put 
frankincense thereon. 2 And he shall 
bring it to the sons of Aaron, the 
priests, and he shall take therefrom 
his handful of the flour, and of the oil, 
with all the frankincense ; and the 
priest shall burn it as its memorial on 
the altar, a fire offering of an odor of 
delight to Jehovah. 3 And that which is 
left of the meal offering shall be Aaron's 
and his sons' : it is a thing most holy 
of the fire offerings of Jehovah. 

4 And when thou bringest an obla- 
tion of a meal offering baked in the 
oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of 
fine flour poured over with oil, and 
unleavened wafers anointed with oil. 

6 And if thy oblation be a meal 
offering of the frying pan, it shall be 
of fine flour unleavened, poured over 
with oil. 6 Thou shalt break it into 
pieces, and pour oil upon it : it is a 
meal offering. 

7 And if thy oblation be a meal 
offering of the pot, it shall be made 
of fine flour with oil. 8 And thou 
shalt bring the meal offering that is 



made of these things to Jehovah; and 
it shall be brought to the priest, and 
he shall bring it to the altar. 9 And 
the priest shall take up from the meal 
offering its memorial, and shall burn 
it on the altar : it is a fire offering of 
an odor of delight to Jehovah. 10 And 
that which is left of the meal offering 
shall be Aaron' s and his sons' ; it is a 
thing most holy of the fire offerings of 
Jehovah. 

11 No meal offering that ye shall 
bring to Jehovah shall be made with 
leaven; for ye shall not burn from any 
leaven nor any honey a fire offering to 
Jehovah. 12 As an oblation of first 
fruits ye shall bring them to Jehovah ; 
but they shall not be offered on the 
altar for an odor of delight. 13 And 
every oblation of thy meal offering 
thou shalt salt with salt ; and thou 
shalt not cause the salt of the covenant 
of thy God to be lacking from thy 
meal offering : with all thy oblations 
thou shalt offer salt. 

14 And if thou bring a meal offering 
of firstfruits to Jehovah, heads of 
grain parched with fire, grits of early 
grain, thou shalt bring as the meal 
offering of thy firstfruits. 15 And thou 
shalt put oil upon it, and place frank- 
incense upon it ; it is a meal offering. 
16 And the priest shall burn its memo- 
rial, of the grits and of the oil, with 
all the frankincense ; it is a fire offer- 
ing to Jehovah. 

CHAPTER III 

1 And if his oblation be a peace 
offering : if he bring one from the 
herd, whether male or female, one 
without blemish he shall bring before 
Jehovah. 2 And he shall lean his hand 
upon the head of his oblation, and kill 
it at the doorway of the tent of meet- 
ing, and the sons of Aaron, the priests, 



i. Meal offering, Heb., a gift. The word is sometimes general and sometimes special in meaning. 
3 : i. Peace, root idea, whole, complete, sound. 

120 



LEVITICUS IV 



shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar 
round about. 3 And he shall offer of 
the peace offering a fire offering to 
Jehovah : the fat that covers the in- 
wards, and all the fat that is on the 
inwards, * and the two kidneys, and 
the fat that is on them, which is by 
the loins, and the caul above the liver 
with the kidneys he shall remove. 
5 And the sons of Aaron shall burn it 
on the altar on the burnt offering, 
which is on the wood that is on the 
fire : it is a fire offering of an odor of 
delight to Jehovah. 

6 And if his oblation for a peace 
offering to Jehovah be from the flock, 
male or female, without blemish he 
shall bring it. 7 If he bring a lamb 
for his oblation, then he shall bring it 
before Jehovah, 8 and he shall lean his 
hand upon the head of his oblation, 
and kill it before the tent of meeting ; 
and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle 
its blood upon the altar round about. 
9 And he shall offer from the peace 
offering a fire offering to Jehovah ; its 
fat, the entire fat tail, he shall take it 
off close by the backbone, and the fat 
that covers the inwards, and all the fat 
that is on the inwards, 10 and the two 
kidneys, and the fat that is on them, 
which is by the loins, and the caul 
above the liver with the kidneys he 
shall remove. " And the priest shall 
burn it on the altar, food of a fire 
offering to Jehovah. 

12 And if his oblation be a goat, then 
he shall bring it before Jehovah, u and 
he shall lean his hand upon its head, 
and kill it before the tent of meeting; 
and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle 
its blood upon the altar round about. 
14 And he shall offer from it his obla- 
tion, a fire offering to Jehovah ; the 
fat that covers the inwards, and all the 
fat that is on the inwards, 15 and the 
two kidneys, and the fat that is on 



them, which is by the loins, and the 
caul above the liver with the kidneys 
he shall remove. 16 And the priest 
shall burn them on the altar, food of 
a fire offering for an odor of delight. 
All the fat is Jehovah's. " It shall be 
a perpetual statute throughout your 
generations in all your dwellings, that 
any fat or blood ye shall not eat. 

CHAPTER IV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, When any one shall sin through 
error against any of the command- 
ments of Jehovah concerning things 
that are not to- be done, and shall do 
any one of them : 3 if the anointed 
priest shall sin procuring the guilt of 
the people ; then he shall bring for his 
sin that he has sinned a young bul- 
lock without blemish to Jehovah for a 
sin offering. * And he shall bring the 
bullock to the doorway of the tent of 
meeting before Jehovah ; and he shall 
lean his hand upon the bullock's head, 
and kill the bullock before Jehovah. 
5 And the anointed priest shall take 
some of the bullock's blood, and bring 
it to the tent of meeting ; 6 and the 
priest shall dip his finger in the blood, 
and sprinkle some of the blood seven 
times before Jehovah, before the veil 
of the sanctuary. 7 And the priest 
shall put some of the blood upon the 
horns of the altar of sweet incense be- 
fore Jehovah, which is in the tent of 
meeting ; and all the blood of the bul- 
lock he shall pour out at the base of 
the altar of the burnt offering, which 
is at the doorway of the tent of meet- 
ing. 8 And all the fat of the bullock 
for the sin offering he shall remove 
from it : the fat that covers the in- 
wards, and all the fat that is on the 
inwards, 9 and the two kidneys, and 
the fat that is on them, which is by 



4 : 6. Sprinkle, a spurting action. 



So elsewhere when the linger was used. 
121 



LEVITICUS IV 



the loins, and the caul above the liver 
with the kidneys he shall remove, 10 as 
it is taken from the ox of the peace 
offering ; and the priest shall burn 
them on the altar of the burnt offer- 
ing. n And the skin of the bullock, 
and all its flesh, with its head, and 
with its legs, and its inwards, and its 
offal, u even the whole bullock shall 
he take forth outside the camp to a 
clean place, where the ashes are poured 
3ut, and burn it on wood with fire ; 
where the ashes are poured out it shall 
be burnt. 

13 And if the whole congregation of 
Israel shall err, and the matter be hid 
from the eyes of the assembly, and 
they have done any one of the things 
that Jehovah has commanded shall 
not be done, and are guilty ; u when 
the sin in which they have sinned is 
known, then the assembly shall bring 
a young bullock for a sin offering ; 
and they shall bring it before the tent 
of meeting, 15 and the elders of the 
congregation shall lean their hands 
upon the head of the bullock before 
Jehovah, and one shall kill the bullock 
before Jehovah. 16 And the anointed 
priest shall bring some of the bul- 
lock's blood to the tent of meeting ] 
17 and the priest shall dip his finger in 
some of the blood, and sprinkle it 
seven times before Jehovah, before 
the veil. 18 And he shall put some of 
the blood upon the horns of the altar 
that is before Jehovah, which, is in the 
cent of meeting, and all the blood he 
shall pour out at the base of the altar 
of the burnt offering, which is at the 
doorway of the tent of meeting. 19 And 
all its fat he shall remove from it, and 
burn it upon the altar. 20 And he shall 
do with the bullock as he did with the 
bullock of the sin offering, so shall he 
do with it ; and the priest shall make 



atonement for them, and it shall be 



forgiven them. n And he shall take 
forth the bullock outside the camp, and 
burn it as he burned the first bullock; 
it is a sin offering for the assembly. 

'-' When a prince shall sin and do 
through error anything that Jehovah 
his God has commanded shall not be 
done, and is guilty ; 23 or one has 
made known to him his sin in which 
he has sinned ; he shall bring his ob- 
lation, a goat, a male without blemish ; 
24 and he shall lean his hand upon the 
head of the goat, and kill it in the 
place where they kill the burnt offer- 
ing before Jehovah : it is a sin offer- 
ing. "5 And the priest shall take some 
of the blood of the sin offering with 
his finger, and put it upon the horns 
of the altar of burnt offering, and he 
shall pour out its blood at the base of 
the altar of burnt offering. 26 And all 
its fat he shall burn on the altar as the 
fat of the peace offering • and the 
priest shall make atonement for him 
on account of his sin, and it shall be 
forgiven him. 

27 And if any one of the common 
people sin through error, in doing any 
of the things that Jehovah has com- 
manded shall not be done, and be 
guilty ; 28 or one has made known to 
him his sin that he has sinned ; then 
he shall bring his oblation, a goat, a 
female without blemish, for his sin that 
he has sinned; 29 And he shall lean 
his hand upon the head of the sin 
offering, and kill the sin offering in the 
place of the burnt offering. 30 And 
the priest shall take some of its blood 
with his finger, and put it upon the 
horns of the altar of burnt offering, 
and all its blood he shall pour out at 
the base of the altar. 31 And all its 
fat he shall remove, as the fat is re- 
moved from off the peace offering ; 
and the priest shall burn it on the altar 
for an odor of delight to Jehovah ; 



Ver. 22. Prince, one exalted, a chief man. 



Ver. 27. Common people, Heb., people of the land. 
122 



LEVITICUS V 



and the priest shall make atonement 
for him and it shall be forgiven him. 
32 And if he bring a lamb as his obla- 
tion for a sin offering, he shall bring 
a female without blemish. 33 And he 
shall lean his hand upon the head of 
the sin offering, and kill it for a sin 
offering in the place where they kill 
the burnt offering. 34 And the priest 
shalt take some of the blood of the sin 
offering with his finger, and put it upon 
the horns of the altar of burnt offer- 
ing, and all its blood he shall pour out 
at the base of the altar. 33 And all its 
fat he shall remove, as the fat of the 
lamb is removed from the peace offer- 
ing, and the priest shall burn them on 
the altar, according to the fire offer- 
ings of Jehovah j and the priest shall 
make atonement for the sin that he 
has committed, and it shall be for- 
given him. 

CHAPTER V 

1 And when any one shall sin, hav- 
ing heard the voice of adjuration, and 
he being a witness, whether he has 
seen or known of it; if he do not tell 
it, then he shall bear his iniquity. 2 Or 
when any one shall touch any unclean 
thing, whether it be a carcass of an 
unclean beast, or a carcass of unclean 
cattle, or a carcass of unclean creeping 
things, and it be hid from him, and he 
be unclean, then he shall be guilty. 
3 Or when he shall touch the unclean- 
ness of man, whatever his uncleanness 
be, by which he is unclean, and it 
be hid from him, then when he knows 
of it he shall be guilty. * Or when 
any one shall swear, while babbling 
with his lips, to do evil, or to do good, 
whatever a man shall babble with an 
oath, and it be hid from him ; then 
when he knows it he shall be guilty in 
any of these. 5 And it shall be when 
he is guilty in respect to one of these 
things, that he shall confess that wherein 



he has sinned ; 6 and he shall bring as 
his guilt offering to Jehovah for his sin 
that he has sinned a female from the 
flock, a lamb or a goat, for a sin offer- 
ing ; and the priest shall make atone- 
ment for him on account of his sin. 
7 And if he cannot obtain so much as 
a lamb, then he shall bring for his guilt 
offering for that in which he has sinned 
two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, 
to Jehovah ; one for a sin offering, and 
the other for a burnt offering. 8 And 
he shall bring them to the priest, and 
he shall offer that which is for the sin 
offering first, and he shall pinch off its 
head from its neck, but shall not di- 
vide it ; 9 and he shall sprinkle some 
of the blood of the sin offering upon 
the side of the altar ; and the rest of 
the blood he shall press out at the 
base of the altar, it is a sin offering. 
10 And the second he shall offer as a 
burnt offering, according to the ordi- 
nance, and the priest shall make atone- 
ment for him on account of his sin 
that he has sinned, and it shall be 
forgiven him. 

11 But if he be not able to get two 
turtledoves, or two young pigeons, 
then he shall bring as his oblation for 
that in which he has sinned the tenth 
of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offer- 
ing ; he shall not put oil upon it, nor 
shall he put frankincense upon it ; for 
it is a sin offering ; ia and he shall 
bring it to the priest, and the priest 
shall take his handful of it, for its me- 
morial, and burn it on the altar, ac- 
cording to the fire offerings of Jeho- 
vah, it is a sin offering. 13 And the 
priest shall make atonement for him 
on account of his sin that he has 
sinned in one of these things, and it 
shall be forgiven him. And it shall 
be the priest's, like the meal offering. 

14 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, ,5 When any one shall do a 
wrong, and sin through error, in the 



123 



LEVITICUS VI 



holy things of Jehovah ; then he shall 
bring for his trespass offering to Jeho- 
vah a ram without blemish from the 
flock, with thy estimate of silver by 
shekels, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuary, for a trespass offering. 16 And 
he shall make good that in respect to 
which he has sinned in the holy thing, 
and he shall add its fifth to it, and 
give it to the priest ; and the priest 
shall make atonement for him with the 
ram of the trespass offering, and it 
shall be forgiven him. 

17 And if any one shall sin, and do 
any of the things that Jehovah has 
commanded shall not be done, and 
he did not know it ; then he shall be 
guilty, and shall bear his iniquity. 
18 And he shall bring a ram without 
blemish from the flock, with thy esti- 
mate, for a trespass offering, to the 
priest; and the priest shall make atone- 
ment for him on account of his error 
in which he has erred and knew it not, 
and it shall be forgiven him. 19 It is 
a trespass offering, he has certainly 
trespassed against Jehovah. 

CHAPTER VI 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 When any one shall sin, and do 
a wrong against Jehovah by lying to 
his neighbor about a deposit, or a 
trust, or a robbery, or has defrauded 
his neighbor, 3 or has found that which 
was lost and lies about it, and swears 
to a lie ; in any of all these things that 
a man does, sinning therein ; 4 then 
it shall be when he shall sin and be 
guilty, that he shall restore that which 
he took by robbery, or that in which 
he defrauded, or the deposit that was 
deposited with him, or the lost thing 
that he found, 5 or anything about 
which he shall swear falsely, he shall 
even restore it in full, and add its fifth 
to it, to him to whom it belongs he 
si mil give it in the day of his trespass 



offering. 6 And he shall bring as his 
trespass offering to Jehovah a ram 
without blemish from the flock, with 
thy estimate, for a trespass offering, 
to the priest ; 7 and the priest shall 
make atonement for him before Jeho- 
vah ; and it shall be forgiven him con- 
cerning anything that he shall do to 
be guilty therein. 

8 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 9 Command Aaron and his sons, 
saying, This is the law of the burnt 
offering : The burnt offering shall be 
on the fuel on the altar all night until 
morning, and the fire of the altar shall 
be burning in it. 10 And the priest 
shall put on his linen garment, and 
his linen drawers shall be put over his 
flesh ; and he shall take up the ashes 
to which the fire shall consume the 
burnt offering on the altar, and he 
shall put them beside the altar. " Then 
he shall put off his garments and put 
on other garments, and take forth the 
ashes outside the camp to a clean place. 

12 And the fire on the altar shall be 
burning in it, it shall not be put out j 
and the priest shall burn wood on it 
every morning, and arrange the burnt 
offering upon it ; and he shall burn 
thereon the fat of the peace offerings. 

13 Fire shall continually burn on the 
altar, it shall not go out. 

14 And this is the law of the meal 
offering : The sons of Aaron shall offer 
it before Jehovah, at the front of the 
altar. 15 And he shall take from it his 
handful, of the fine flour of the meal 
offering, and of its oil and all of the 
frankincense which is on the meal of- 
fering, and shall burn it on the altar 
for an odor of delight, as its memo- 
rial, to Jehovah ; 16 and that which 
is left of it shall Aaron and his sons 
eat ; unleavened shall it be eaten in a 
holy place, in the court of the tent of 
meeting they shall eat it. n It shall 
not be baked with leaven. I have 



124 



LEVITICUS VII 



given it as their portion from my fire 
offerings ; it is most holy, like the sin 
offering, and like the trespass offering. 
18 Every male among the sons of Israel 
may eat of it, as a perpetual allowance 
throughout your generations from the 
fire offerings of Jehovah ; whoever 
touches them shall be holy. 

19 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 20 This is the oblation of Aaron 
and of his sons that they shall bring 
to Jehovah in the day he is anointed : 
the tenth of an ephah of fine flour for 
a meal offering, perpetually, half of it 
in the morning, and half of it in the 
evening. 21 In a frying pan it shall be 
prepared with oil ; saturated with oil 
thou shalt bring it ; in broken pieces 
as a meal offering of fragments thou 
shalt offer it an odor of delight to 
Jehovah. 22 And the priest that is 
anointed in his stead of his sons shall 
offer it ; by a perpetual statute it shall 
be entirely burnt to Jehovah. 23 And 
every meal offering of a priest shall be 
wholly burnt, it shall not be eaten. 

24 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 23 Speak to Aaron and to his sons, 
saying, This is the law of the sin offer- 
ing : In the place where the burnt 
offering is killed shall the sin offering 
be killed before Jehovah ; it is most 
holy. 26 The priest that offers it for 
sin shall eat it ; in a holy place shall 
it be eaten, in the court of the tent 
of meeting. 27 Everyone that touches 
its flesh shall be holy ; and whoever 
spatters any of its blood upon his gar- 
ments, that upon which he spatters it 
thou shalt wash in a holy place. 28 And 
the earthen vessel in which it is boiled 
shall be broken to pieces ; and if it 
has been boiled in a copper vessel, 
then that shall be scoured and rinsed 
in water. 29 Every male among the 
priests may eat of it ; it is most holy. 
30 And no sin offering whose blood is 
brought into the tent of meeting to 



make atonement in the holy place shall 
be eaten, it shall be burnt in fire. 

CHAPTER VII 

I And this is the law of the trespass 
offering, it is most holy : 2 In the place 
where they kill the burnt offering they 
shall kill the trespass offering, and its 
blood one shall sprinkle upon the altar 
round about. 3 And he shall offer of 
it all its fat, the fat tail, and the fat 
that covers the inwards, 4 and the two 
kidneys, and the fat that is on them, 
which is by the loins, and the caul 
that is above the liver with the kid- 
neys he shall remove ; 5 and the priest 
shall burn them on the altar, a fire 
offering to Jehovah, it is a trespass 
offering. 6 Every male among the 
priests may eat of it ; it shall be eaten 
in a holy place, it is most holy. 7 The 
trespass offering is like the sin offer- 
ing, there is one law for them : the 
priest that makes atonement with it 
shall have it. 8 And the priest that 
offers any man's burnt offering, the 
skin of the burnt offering which he 
has offered shall be the priest's. 'And 
every meal offering that is baked in 
the oven, and every one that is pre- 
pared in the pot, or in the frying pan, 
shall belong to the priest that offers it. 
10 And every meal offering, poured 
over with oil, or dry, shall belong to 
all the sons of Aaron, to one as to 
another. 

II And this is the law of the peace 
offering that one shall offer to Jehovah : 

12 If he offer it for a thanksgiving, then 
he shall offer with the sacrifice of 
thanksgiving unleavened cakes poured 
over with oil, and unleavened wafers 
anointed with oil, and cakes poured 
over with oil of fine flour, saturated. 

13 With the cakes he shall offer as his 
oblation leavened bread with his peace 
offerings of thanksgiving. u And of 
it he shall offer one from every obla- 



125 



LEVITICUS VII 



tion for a heave offering to Jehovah, 
it shall be for the priest that sprinkles 
the blood of the peace offering. 15 And 
the flesh of his peace offering of thanks- 
giving shall be eaten on the day of his 
oblation ; he shall not leave any of it 
until morning. 16 But if the sacrifice 
of his oblation be a vow, or a freewill 
offering, on the day that he offers his 
sacrifice it shall be eaten, and on the 
morrow that which is left of it shall be 
eaten ; 17 but that which is left of the 
flesh of the sacrifice till the third day 
shall be burnt with fire. 18 And if any 
of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace 
offering be eaten at all on the third 
day it shall not be accepted, nor shall it 
be imputed to him that offers it j it will 
be an abomination, and the soul that 
eats of it shall bear his iniquity. 19 And 
the flesh that touches any unclean 
thing shall not be eaten ; it shall be 
burnt with fire. And as for the flesh, 
every one that is clean may eat flesh, 
20 but the soul that eats flesh from the 
peace offering that is offered to Je- 
hovah, having his uncleanness upon 
him, even that soul shall be cut off 
from his people. 21 And when any 
soul shall touch anything unclean, the 
uncleanness of man, or an unclean 
beast, or any unclean creeping thing, 
and eat of the flesh of the peace offer- 
ing that is offered to Jehovah, that soul 
shall be cut off from his people. 

22 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 23 Speak to the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, Any fat of ox, or of sheep, or of 
goat ye shall not eat. 24 And the fat 
of an animal that has died, and the fat 
of that which is torn by beasts may 



eat any blood of bird or of beast in all 
of your dwelling-places. 27 Any sou] 
that eats any blood, even that soul 
shall be cut off from his people. 

28 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 29 Speak to the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, He that offers his peace offering 
to Jehovah shall bring from his peace 
offering his oblation to Jehovah ; 30 his 
own hands shall bring it, the fire offer- 
ings of Jehovah : the fat with the 
breast shall he bring, the breast to 
wave as a wave offering before Je- 
hovah; 31 and the priest shall burn the 
fat on the altar ; but the breast shall 
be for Aaron and his sons. 32 And the 
right shoulder from your peace offer- 
ings ye shall give as a heave offering 
for the priest. 33 He among the sons 
of Aaron that offers the blood of the 
peace offerings and the fat shall have 
the right shoulder for his part 5 3 * for 
the breast of the wave offering and the 
shoulder of the heave offering I have 
taken of the sons of Israel from their 
peace offerings, and have given them 
to Aaron the priest and to his sons for 
a perpetual allowance from the sons of 
Israel. 

35 This is the portion of Aaron and 
the portion of his sons from the fire 
offerings of Jehovah in the day he 
brought them to be priests to Jeho- 
vah, 36 which Jehovah commanded to 
be given to them from the sons of Is- 
rael, on the day he anointed them, a 
perpetual allowance throughout their 
generations. 

37 This is the law for the burnt offer- 
ing, for the meal offering, and for the 
sin offering, and for the trespass offer- 



be used for any other service, but ye . ing, and for the consecrations, and for 
shall not at all eat it. 25 For whoever ; the peace offerings, 38 which Jehovah 
eats the fat of an animal from which commanded Moses in mount Sinai, 
6he offers a fire offering to Jehovah, on the day that he commanded the 
the soul that eats it shall be cut off sons of Israel to bring their oblations 
from his people. * And ye shall not to Jehovah, in the wilderness of Sinai. 

V. 1 . )2- Kight shoulder, or right leg. So elsewhere. 
126 



LEVITICUS VIII 



CHAPTER VIII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Take Aaron and his sons with 
him, and the garments, and the anoint- 
ing oil, and the bullock for the sin offer- 
ing, and the two rams, and the basket 
of unleavened bread ; 3 and assemble 
thou all the congregation at the door- 
way of the tent of meeting. 4 And 
Moses did as Jehovah commanded 
him ; and the congregation was as- 
sembled at the doorway of the tent of 
meeting. 5 And Moses said to the 
congregation, This is the thing that 
Jehovah has commanded to do. 6 And 
Moses brought Aaron and his sons, 
and washed them with water ; 7 and he 
put upon him the tunic, and girded 
him with the girdle, and clothed him 
with the robe, and put the ephod upon 
him, and girded him with the skilfully 
woven belt of the ephod, and bound 
it to him with it. 8 And he placed 
the breastplate upon him ; and he put 
into the breastplate the Urim and the 
Thummim. 9 And he placed the tur- 
ban upon his head j and upon the 
turban in front he put the golden 
plate, the holy diadem, as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 10 And Moses 
took the anointing oil, and anointed 
the tabernacle and all that was in it, ! 
and sanctified them. ll And he sprin- 
kled some of it upon the altar seven 
times, and anointed the altar and all 
its utensils, and the laver and its base, 
to sanctify them. 12 And he poured 
some of the anointing oil upon Aaron's 
head, and anointed him, to sanctify 
him. 13 And Moses brought Aaron's I 
sons, and put tunics upon them, and ', 
girded them with girdles, and bound ! 
caps upon them ; as Jehovah com- 1 
manded Moses. u And he brought | 
the bullock for the sin offering ; and I 

Ver. 22. Consecration, Heb., a filling, /. e.. a fill-offering, the priest's hands feeing filled with it. 
ver. 27. So consecration, or consecrate, throughout Leviticus. 



I Aaron and his sons leaned their hands 
j upon the head of the bullock for the 
sin offering. 15 And one slew it • and 
I Moses took the blood, and put it upon 
i the horns of the altar round about with 
! his finger, and purified the altar ; and 
; he poured the blood at the base of the 
; altar, and sanctified it, to make atone- 
ment upon it. 16 And he took all the 
fat that was on the inwards, and the 
caul of the liver, and the two kidneys, 
and their fat, and Moses burned it on 
the altar. " And the bullock, and its 
skin, its flesh, and its offal, he burned 
I with fire outside the camp, as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 

18 And he brought the ram for the 
burnt offering ; and Aaron and his 
sons leaned their hands upon the head 
! of the ram. 1<J And one killed it ; and 
Moses sprinkled the blood upon the 
altar round about. 20 And he cut the 
ram into pieces ; and Moses burned 
the head, and the pieces and the fat. 
21 And he washed the inwards and the 
legs with the water j and Moses burnt 
the whole ram on the altar : it was a 
burnt offering for an odor of delight, 
a fire offering to Jehovah ; as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 

22 And he brought the second ram. 
the ram of consecration j and Aaron 
and his sons leaned their hands upon 
the head of the ram. 23 And one killed 
it ; and Moses took some of its blood, 
and put it upon the tip of Aaron's right 
ear, and upon the thumb of his right 
hand, and upon the great toe of his 
right foot. 2 * And he brought Aaron's 
sons, and Moses put some of the blood 
upon the tip of their right ear, and 
upon the thumbs of their right hands, 
and upon the great toes of their right 
feet ; and Moses sprinkled the blood 
upon the altar round about. 25 And 
he took the fat, and the fat tail, and 



See 



127 



LEVITICUS IX 



all the fat that was on the inwards, 
and the caul of the liver, and the two 
kidneys, and their fat, and the right 
shoulder ; 26 and out of the basket of 
unleavened bread, that was before Je- 
hovah, he took one unleavened cake, 
and one cake of oiled bread, and one 
wafer, and placed them upon the fat, 
and upon the right shoulder ; " and he 
put the whole upon Aaron's hands, 
and upon his sons' hands, and waved 
them for a wave offering before Jeho- 
vah. 28 And Moses took them from 
upon their hands, and burnt them on 
the altar upon the burnt offering. 
They were a consecration for an odor 
of delight; it was a fire offering to Je- 
hovah. 29 And Moses took the breast, 
and waved it for a wave offering 
before Jehovah, it was Moses' por- 
tion from the ram of consecration ; as 
Jehovah commanded Moses. 30 And 
Moses took some of the anointing oil, 
and some of the blood that was on the 
altar, and sprinkled it upon Aaron, 
and upon his garments, and upon his 
sons, and upon his sons' garments with 
him ; and sanctified Aaron, and his 
garments, and his sons, and his sons' 
garments with him. 

31 And Moses said to Aaron and to 
his sons, Boil the flesh at the doorway 
of the tent of meeting ; and there eat 
it with the bread that is in the basket 
of consecration, as I commanded, say- 
ing, Aaron and his sons shall eat it. 
■ And that which is left of the flesh 
and of the bread ye shall burn with 
fire. 33 And ye shall not depart from 
the doorway of the tent of meeting 
for seven days, until the days of your 
consecration are completed ; for dur- 
ing seven days shall he consecrate you ; 
34 as he has done this day, so Jehovah 
commanded to do, to make atonement 
for you ; 35 and ye shall remain at the 
doorway of the tent of meeting day 
and night for seven days, and keep 



the charge of Jehovah, that ye die 
not ; for so have I been commanded. 
36 And Aaron and his sons did all the 
things that Jehovah commanded by 
the hand of Moses. 

CHAPTER IX 

1 And it came to pass on the eighth 
day, that Moses called Aaron and his 
sons, and the elders of Israel ; 2 and 
he said to Aaron, Take thee a young 
calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a 
burnt offering, without blemish, and 
bring them before Jehovah. 3 And to 
the sons of Israel thou shalt speak, say- 
ing, Fetch ye a goat for a sin offering, 
and a calf and a lamb, yearlings, with- 
out blemish, for a burnt offering ; * also 
an ox and a ram for peace offerings, to 
sacrifice before Jehovah, and a meal 
offering poured over with oil ; for to- 
day Jehovah will appear to you. 

6 And they fetched that which Moses 
commanded before the tent of meet- 
ing ; and all the congregation drew 
near and stood before Jehovah. 6 And 
Moses said, This is the thing that Je- 
hovah has commanded that ye shall 
do, and the glory of Jehovah will ap- 
pear to you. 7 And Moses said to 
Aaron, Draw near to the altar, and 
offer thy sin offering and thy burnt 
offering, and make atonement for thy- 
self and for the people ; and offer the 
people's oblation, and make atonement 
for them, as Jehovah commanded. 

8 And Aaron drew near to the altar, 
and killed the calf for the sin offering 
that was for himself. 9 And the sons 
of Aaron brought the blood to him ; 
and he dipped his finger into the blood, 
and put it upon the horns of the altar ; 
and he poured out the blood at the 
base of the altar ; 10 and the fat, and 
the kidneys, and the caul from the 
liver, from the sin offering, he burned 
on the altar, as Jehovah commanded 
Moses. " And the flesh and the skin 



128 



LEVITICUS X 



he burnt with fire outside the camp. 
12 And he killed the burnt offering; 
and the sons of Aaron presented to 
him the blood, and he sprinkled it 
upon the altar round about. 13 And 
they presented the burnt offering to 
him, its pieces and the head ; and he 
burnt them on the altar. u And he 
washed the inwards and the legs, and 
burnt them on the burnt offering on 
the altar. 

15 And he brought the people's ob- 
lation, and took the goat for the sin 
offering that was for the people, and 
killed it, and offered it for sin like the 
first. 16 And he brought the burnt 
offering, and offered it according to 
the ordinance. " And he brought the 
meal offering, and took a handful from 
it, and burnt it on the altar, besides 
the burnt offering of the morning. 

18 And he killed the ox and the ram 
for the peace offering that was for the 
people ; and the sons of Aaron pre- 
sented to him the blood, and he sprin- 
kled it upon the altar round about, 

19 and the fat from the ox and from 
the ram, the fat tail, and that which 
covers the inwards, and the kidneys, 
and the caul of the liver ; 20 and they 
placed the fit upon the breasts. And 
he burnt the fat on the altar ; 21 and 
the breasts and the right shoulder 
Aaron waved for a wave offering be- 
fore Jehovah ; as Moses commanded. 
22 And Aaron lifted up his hands toward 
the people, and blessed them. And 
he came down from offering the sin 
offering, and the burnt offering and 
peace offering. 23 And Moses and 
Aaron went into the tent of meeting ; 
and they came out, and blessed the 
people ; and the glory of Jehovah ap- 
peared to all the people. 2 * And there 
came forth fire from before Jehovah, 
and consumed the burnt offering and 
the fat on the altar ; and when all the 



people saw it they shouted aloud, and 
fell upon their faces. 

CHAPTER X 

*And Nadab and Abihu, the sons 
of Aaron, took each his censer, and 
put fire in them, and placed incense 
upon it, and offered before Jehovah 
strange fire that he had not com- 
manded them. 2 And there came forth 
fire from before Jehovah and devoured 
them, and they died before Jehovah. 
3 And Moses said to Aaron, This is that 
which Jehovah spoke, saying, I will be 
sanctified in those that are near me, 
and before all the people I will be 
glorified. And Aaron was silent. * And 
Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, 
the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, 
and said to them, Come near, carry 
your brethren from before the sanctu- 
ary outside the camp. 5 And they drew 
near, and carried them in their tunics 
outside the camp, as Moses had said. 

6 And Moses said to Aaron, and to 
Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons, Let 
not your hair go loose, nor shall ye 
rend your garments, that ye die not, 
and he break forth in wrath upon all 
the congregation ; but your brethren, 

! the whole house of Israel, shall bewail 
the burning that Jehovah has made. 

7 And ye shall not depart from the door- 
way of the tent of meeting, lest ye die; 
for the oil of the anointing of Jehovah 
is on you. And they did according to 
the word of Moses. 

8 And Jehovah spoke to Aaron, say- 
ing, 9 Do not drink wine nor strong 
drink, thou nor thy sons with thee, 
when ye go into the tent of meet- 
ing, that ye die not. It shall be a 
perpetual statute throughout your 
generations ; 10 and that ye may dis- 
tinguish between the holy and the pro- 
fane, and between the unclean and 
the clean; u and that ye may teach the 

Ver. l. Strange fire, unlawful, not as prescribed. 
129 



LEVITICUS XI 



sons of Israel all the statutes that Je- 
hovah has spoken to them by the hand 
of Moses. 

12 And Moses spoke to Aaron, and 
to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons 
that were left, saying, Take the meal 
offering that remains from the fire of- 
ferings of Jehovah, and eat it unleav- 
ened beside the altar ; for it is most 
holy ; 13 and ye shall eat it in a holy 
place, for it is thy allowance and the 
allowance of thy sons, from the fire of- 
ferings of Jehovah ; for so I have been 
commanded. M And the breast of the 
wave offering, and the shoulder of the 
heave offering shall ye eat in a clean 
place, thou and thy sons and thy 
daughters with thee • for as thy allow- 
ance, and the allowance of thy sons, 
they are given from the peace offer- 
ings of the sons of Israel 16 And the 
shoulder of the heave offering and the 
breast of the wave offering with the 
fire offerings of the fat they shall bring, 
to wave as a wave offering before Je- 
hovah ; and it shall be thine and thy 
sons with thee for a perpetual allow- 
ance ; as Jehovah commanded. 

16 And Moses diligently sought for 
the goat of the sin offering, and be- 
hold it had been burnt ; and he broke 
out in wrath upon Eleazar and Ith- 
amar, the sons of Aaron that were left, 
saying, )l Why did ye not eat the sin 
offering in the holy place ? for it was 
most holy, and he gave that to you to 
bear the iniquity of the congregation, 
to make atonement for them before 
Jehovah. 1H Behold, its blood had not 
been brought inside the holy place; 
ye should indeed have eaten it in the 
holy place, as I commanded. 19 And 
Aaron said to Moses, Behold, this day 
they offered their sin offering and their 
bunii offering before Jehovah, and 
these things have happened to me ; 
and had I eaten the sin offering to- 



day would it have been pleasing to 
Jehovah ? 20 And when Moses heard, 
it seemed well to him. 

CHAPTER XI 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
to Aaron, saying to them, 2 Speak to 
the sons of Israel, saying, These are 
the animals that ye may eat of all the 
beasts that are on the earth : 3 every- 
thing that parts the hoof, and is cloven- 
footed, and that chews the cud, among 
the beasts, that may ye eat. 4 But 
these ye shall not eat of those that 
chew the cud, and of those that di- 
vide the hoof: the camel; because it 
chews the cud, but does not divide 
the hoof, it is unclean to you ; 5 and 
the shaphan ; because it chews the 
cud, but does not divide the hoof, it 
is unclean to you ; 6 and the hare ; 
because it chews the cud, but does not 
divide the hoof, it is unclean to you ; 

7 and the hog ; because it divides the 
hoof, and is clovenfooted, but it does 
not chew the cud, it is unclean to you. 

8 Of their flesh ye shall not eat, and 
their carcass ye shall not touch ; they 
are unclean to you. 

9 These may ye eat of all that are in 
the waters : everything that has fins 
and scales in the waters, in the seas 
and in the streams, them ye may eat. 

10 But everything that has not fins and 
scales in the seas and in the streams, 
of all the reptiles of the waters, and 
of the animals that are in the waters, 
they shall be an abomination to you. 

11 They shall be even an abomination 
to you ; ye shall not eat of their flesh, 
and ye shall treat their carcasses as an 
abomination. 12 Everything that has 
not fins and scales in the waters shall 
be an abomination to you* 

13 And these ye shall treat as an 
abomination of the birds ; they shall 
not be eaten, they are an abomina- 



Ver. 5. Shaphan, the root of the Heb. word meaning to cover, or hide. 
J 3 



LEVITICUS XI 



tion : the great vulture, and the sea 
eagle, and the golden vulture, u and 
the black kite, and the red kite after 
its kind ; l5 every raven after its kind; 
lfi and the ostrich, and the owl, and 
the gull, and the hawk after its kind ; 
17 and the little owl, and the cormorant, 
and the great owl, 18 and the ibis, and 
the pelican, and the vulture, 19 and 
the stork, the plover after its kind, 
and the hoopoe, and the bat. 20 Every 
creeping thing that has wings, that 
goes on all fours, shall be an abom- 
ination to you. 21 But these ye may 
eat of every creeping thing that has 
wings that goes on all fours, that has 
legs above its feet to leap with on the 
earth, 22 these of them ye may eat : the 
grasshopper after its kind, and the 
bald locust after its kind, and the 
cricket after its kind, and the locust 
after its kind. 23 But every winged 
creeping thing that has four feet shall 
be an abomination to you, "and for 
these ye shall be unclean ; every one 
that touches their carcass shall be un- 
clean until evening. 25 Every one that 
carries any of their carcass shall wash 
• his clothes, and be unclean until even- 
ing. 26 The carcass of any beast that 
divides the hoof, but is not cloven- 
footed and does not chew the cud 
shall be unclean to you ; every one 
f that touches them shall be unclean. 
27 And everything going upon its paws, 
among all the beasts that go on all 
fours, shall be unclean to you ; every- 
one that touches their carcass shall be 
unclean until evening. 28 And he that 
carries their carcass shall wash his 
j clothes, and be unclean until evening j 
they shall be unclean to you. 

29 And these shall be unclean to 

I you among the creeping things that 

I creep upon the earth : the weasel, 

I and the mouse, and the great lizard 

after its kind, 30 and the gecko, and 

the green lizard and the red lizard, 



and the sand lizard, and the cha- 
meleon ; 31 these shall be unclean to 
you among all the creeping things ; 
every one that touches them when 
dead shall be unclean until evening. 
82 And everything upon which any of 
them when dead shall fall shall be 
unclean j whether it be any wooden 
utensil, or raiment, or skin, or sack- 
cloth, any article with which any 
work is done, it shall be put into 
water, and be unclean until evening j 
then it shall be clean. 83 And every 
earthen utensil into which any of them 
falls, anything that is in it shall be un- 
clean, and ye shall break it to pieces. 
34 Any kind of food that is to be eaten, 
I upon which water from such a utensil 
comes, shall be unclean ; and all drink 
that is to be drunk in every such uten- 
sil shall be unclean. 85 And every- 
thing upon which any of their car- 
cass falls shall be unclean : whether it 
be oven or ranges for pots, they shall 
be broken down, they are unclean ; 
and they shall be unclean to you. 
! :!6 But a fountain, or cistern containing 
I a collection of water shall be clean ; 
but anything touching their carcass 
shall be unclean. 37 And when any 
of their carcass falls upon any sowing 
seed that is to be sown, it shall be 
clean. 38 But when water is put upon 
the seed, and any of their carcass 
falls upon it, it shall be unclean to 
you. 39 And when any beast that is 
food for you dies, he that touches its 
carcass shall be unclean until evening. 
* 9 And he that eats of its carcass shall 
wash his clothes, and be unclean until 
evening ; and he that carries its car- 
cass shall wash his clothes, and be 
unclean until evening. 41 And every 
creeping thing that creeps upon the 
earth shall be an abomination j it shall 
not be eaten. * 2 Everything that goes 
upon the belly, and everything that 
goes upon all fours, and everything 



J 3i 



LEVITICUS XII, XIII 



that has many feet, even all the creep- 
ing things that creep upon the earth, 
ye shall not eat them ; for they are 
an abomination. 43 Make not your- 
selves abominable with any creeping 
thing that creeps, neither shall ye 
make yourselves unclean with them, 
and become defiled by them ; u for I, 
Jehovah, am your God, and ye shall 
sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be- 
come holy, for I am holy ; and ye 
shall not defile yourselves with any 
manner of creeping thing that moves 
upon the earth, f 8 For I am Jehovah, 
who am bringing you up from the 
land of Egypt to be your God ; and 
ye shall be holy, for I am holy. 

46 This is the law of the beasts, and 
of the birds, and of every living thing 
that moves in the waters, and of every 
animal that creeps upon the earth ; 
■ 7 to distinguish between the clean and 
the unclean, and between the animal 
that may be eaten and the animal that 
shall not be eaten. 

CHAPTER XII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, 
saying, When a woman shall conceive 
seed, and bear a male child, then she 
shall be unclean seven days ; as the 
days of the unclean n ess of her sick- 
ness shall she be unclean. 3 And on 
the eighth day the flesh of his fore- 
skin shall be circumcised. 4 And she 
shall continue in the blood of her 
purification thirty-three days ; she 
shall not touch anything holy, nor 
enter into the sanctuary until the 
completion of the days of her purifi- 
cation. 5 And if she bear a female 
child, then she shall be unclean two 
weeks, as in her uncleanness ; and 
she shall continue in the blood of 
purification sixty-six days. 6 And when 
the days of her purification are com- 
pleted, for a son, or for a daughter, 



she shall bring a yearling lamb for a 
burnt offering, and a young pigeon, 
or a turtledove, for a sin offering, to 
the door of the tent of meeting, to 
the priest ; 7 and he shall offer it 
before Jehovah, and make atonement 
for her ; and she shall be cleansed 
from the fountain of her blood. This 
is the law for the one that brings 
forth, in the case of the male, or the 
female. 8 And if she be not able to 
get so much as a lamb, then she shall 
bring two turtledoves, or two young 
pigeons, one for a burnt offering, and 
one for a sin offering ; and the priest 
shall make atonement for her, and she 
shall be clean. 

CHAPTER XIII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
Aaron, saying, 2 When a man shall 
have in the skin of his flesh a swell- 
ing, or scab, or bright spot, then it 
shall be in the skin of his flesh a 
leprosy spot ; and he shall be brought 
to Aaron the priest, or to one of his 
sons the priests ; 3 and the priest shall 
look at the spot in the skin of the 
flesh ; and when the hair in the spot 
is turned white, and the appearance 
of the spot is deeper than the skin of 
his flesh, it is a leprosy spot ; and 
when the priest has looked on him, 
he shall pronounce him unclean. 
4 And if there is a white, bright spot 
in the skin of his flesh, and its ap- 
pearance is not deeper than the skin, 
and the hair of it has not turned 
white ; then the priest shall shut up 
the one smitten seven days. 5 And 
the priest shall look at him on the 
seventh day ; and, behold, if in his 
eyes the spot has stopped, the spoi 
has not spread in the skin ; then th 
priest shall shut him up seven days a 
second time. 6 And the priest shall 
look at him on the seventh day 
second time ; and, behold, if th 



LEVITICUS XIII 



spot is pale, and the spot has not 
spread in the skin, then the priest 
shall pronounce him clean ; it is a 
scab ; and he shall wash his clothes, 
and be clean. 7 But if the scab shall 
really spread in the skin after he 
has been seen by the priest for his 
cleansing, then he shall be seen 
again by the priest; 8 and the priest 
shall look, and, behold, if the scab 
has spread in the skin, then the priest 
shall pronounce him unclean ; it is a 
leprosy. 

9 When the leprosy spot shall be in 
a man, he shall be brought to the 
priest ; 10 and the priest shall look at 
him ; and, behold, if there is a white 
swelling in the skin, and it has turned 
the hair white, and there is a spot of 
raw flesh in the swelling ; ll it is set- 
tled leprosy in the skin of his flesh, 
and the priest shall pronounce him 
unclean ; he shall not shut him up ; 
for he is unclean. 12 And if leprosy 
break out in the skin, and the leprosy 
cover all the skin of the one smitten, 
from his head to his feet, according 
to all the viewing of the priest ; " then 
• the priest shall look ; and, behold, if 
the leprosy has covered all his flesh, he 
shall pronounce clean the one smitten ; 
it is all turned white, he is clean. u But 
when raw flesh appears in him he shall 
be unclean. 15 And the priest shall 
look at the raw flesh, and pronounce 
him unclean ; for the raw flesh is un- 
clean, it is leprosy. xti Or when the raw 
flesh shall turn, and be changed to 
white, then he shall come to the priest ; 
17 and the priest shall look at him ; and, 
behold, if the spot has turned to white; 
then the priest shall pronounce clean 
the one smitten ; he is clean. 

18 And when there shall be in the 
skin of the flesh an ulcer, and it shall 
be healed, 19 and in the place of the 



ulcer there be a white swelling, or a 
white, bright, reddish spot, then it 
shall be shown to the priest ; 20 and 
the priest shall look at it, and, be- 
hold, if its appearance is deeper than 
the skin, and its hair is turned white, 
then the priest shall pronounce him 
unclean ; it is a leprosy spot that has 
broken out in the ulcer. 21 But if the 
priest shall look at it, and, behold, 
there is no white hair in it, and if it 
is not deeper than the skin, and is 
pale ; then the priest shall shut him 
up seven days ; 22 and if it shall really 
spread in the skin, then the priest shall 
pronounce him unclean ; it is a plague. 
2:! But if the bright spot remains in its 
place, and has not spread, it is the 
scar of the ulcer ; and the priest shall 
pronounce him clean. 

24 Or when there shall be in the 
skin of the flesh a burning by fire, 
and the live flesh of the burning has 
a reddish white bright spot, or white ; 

25 then the priest shall look at it ; and, 
behold, if the hair in the bright spot 
be turned white, and its appearance 
is deeper than the skin ; it is a leprosy 
spot that has broken out in the burn- 
ing ; and the priest shall pronounce 
him unclean ; it is the leprosy spot. 

26 But if the priest shall look at it, 
and, behold, there be no white hair 
in the bright spot, and it be not 
deeper than the skin, and is pale ; 
then the priest shall shut him up 
seven days. 27 And the priest shall 
look at him on the seventh day ; if it 
be really spread in the skin, then the 
priest shall pronounce him unclean • 
it is a leprosy spot. 28 But if the 
bright spot remains in its place, and 
has not spread in the skin, and is pale ; 
it is a swelling of the burning, and the 
priest shall pronounce him clean ; for 
it is a scar of the burning. 



Ver. 6. Pale, not angry looking or inflamed. 

Ver. 12. .V . orcling to all the viewing, /'. 



Ver. ii. Settled, long established, 
wherever the priest looks. 



*33 



LEVITICUS XIII 



29 When a man or woman has a spot 
on the head or the beard ; 30 then the 
priest shall look at the spot ; and, be- 
hold, if its appearance is deeper than 
the skin, and there is in it thin yellow 
hair ; then the priest shall pronounce 
him unclean : it is a scall, it is lep- 
rosy of the head, or beard. :u And 
when the priest shall look at the spot 
of the scall, and, behold, its appear- 
ance is not deeper than the skin, and 
there is no black hair in it ; then the 
priest shall shut up the one smitten 
with the scall seven days ; 32 and on 
the seventh day the priest shall look 
at the spot ; and, behold, if the scall 
has not spread, and there is no yel- 
low hair in it, and the appearance of 
the scall is not deeper than the skin ; 
33 then he shall shave himself, but the 
scall shall he not shave ; and the priest 
shall shut up him that has the scall 
seven days a second time. 34 And on 
the seventh day the priest shall look 
at the scall ; and, behold, if the scall 
has not spread in the skin, and its ap- 
pearance is not deeper than the skin ; 
then the priest shall pronounce him 
clean ; and he shall wash his clothes, 
and he shall be clean. 35 But if the 
scall shall really spread in the skin 
after his cleansing ; 36 then the priest 
shall look at him j and, behold, if the 
scall has spread in the skin, the priest 
shall not search for the yellow hair, 
he is unclean. 37 But if in his eyes 
ihe scall be at a stay, and black hair 
has grown up in it ; the scall is healed, 
he is clean ; and the priest shall pro- 
nounce him clean. 

And when a man or a woman has 
in the skin of their flesh bright spots, 
white bright spots; 39 then the priest 
shall look at them ; and, behold, if 
the bright spots in the skin of their 
flesh are pale white, it is a freckled 
spol thai has broken out in the skin, 
he is dean. *°And when a man's 



head shall lose its hair, he is bald, yet 
he is clean. 41 And if from the front 
of his head the hair shall fall off, he 
is forehead bald, yet he is clean. 
42 And when there shall be in the bald 
crown, or bald forehead, a white red- 
dish spot, it is a leprosy breaking out 
in his bald crown, or his bald fore- 
head. 43 Then the priest shall look 
at it ; and, behold, if the swelling of 
the spot is reddish white in his bald 
crown, or in his bald forehead, like 
the appearance of leprosy in the skin 
of the flesh; 44 he is a leprous man, 
he is unclean ; the priest shall surely 
pronounce him unclean ; his spot is 
in his head, f And as for the leper 
in whom is the spot, his clothes shall 
be rent, and the hair of his head 
shall be let loose, and he shall cover 
his lip, and shall cry, Unclean, un- 
clean. 46 A11 the days that the spot 
shall be in him he shall be defiled ; 
he is unclean ; he shall dwell alone ; 
outside the camp shall his dwelling 
place be. 

47 And when there shall be in a gar- 
ment a leprosy spot, a woolen garment, 
or a linen garment, 48 or in the warp, 
or in the woof, of linen, or of woolen, 
or in leather, or anything made of 
leather ; 49 and if the spot be greenish, 
or reddish in the garment, or in the 
leather, or in the warp, or in the woof, 
or in any article of leather, it is a lep- 
rosy spot, and shall be showed to the 
priest. 50 And the priest shall look at 
the spot, and shut up him that has the 
spot seven days. 51 And he shall look 
at the spot on the seventh day. When 
the spot has spread in the garment, 
or in the warp, or in the woof, or in 
the leather, for whatever service the 
leather is to be made up ; the spot 
is a malignant leprosy ; it is unclean. 
52 And he shall burn the garment, or 
the warp, or the woof, of wool, or of 
linen, or any article of leather, in 



T 34 



LEVITICUS XIV 



which the spot is j for it is a malig- 
nant leprosy • it shall be burnt in the 
fire. 5:i And if the priest shall look at 
it, and, behold, the spot has not spread 
in the garment, or in the warp, or in 
the woof, or in the article of leather ; 
54 then the priest shall command that 
they wash the thing that has the spot 
in it, and he shall shut it up seven 
days a second time. 53 And the priest 
shall look at the spot after it is washed ; 
and, behold, if the spot has not 
changed its appearance, and the spot 
has not spread, it is unclean ; thou 
shalt burn it in the fire ; it is a deep | 
corroding, on the wrong side or on the 
right side. 56 And if the priest look, 
and, behold, the spot is pale after it 
has been washed ; then he shall tear 
it from the garment, or from the skin, 
or from the warp, or from the woof; 
57 And if it still appears in the gar- 
ment, or in the warp, or in the woof, 
or in the article of leather ; it is 
spreading ; thou shalt burn that which 
has the spot in it with fire. 58 And 
the garment, or the warp, or the woof, 
or any article of leather, that thou 
shalt wash, if the spot departs from 
them, then it shall be washed a second 
time, and it shall be clean. 59 This is 
the law of the leprosy spot of the gar- 
ment of wool or linen, or of the warp, 
or of the woof, or of any article of 
leather, to pronounce it clean, or to 
pronounce it unclean. 

CHAPTER XIV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 This shall be the law of the leper 
in the day of his cleansing : He shall 
be brought to the priest ; 3 and the 
priest shall go forth outside the camp ; 
and the priest shall look, and, behold, 
if the leprosy spot is healed from the 
leper, * then shall the priest com- 
mand to take for the one that is to be 



Ver. 5. Fresh, 



cleansed two living clean birds, and 
cedar wood, and scarlet and hyssop ; 
5 and the priest shall command to kill 
one of the birds over an earthen ves- 
sel, over fresh water. 6 As for the 
live bird, he shall take it, and the 
cedar wood, and the scarlet and the 
hyssop, and he shall dip them and the 
live bird in the blood of the bird that 
was killed over the fresh water ; ' and 
he shall sprinkle upon the one that is 
to be cleansed from the leprosy seven 
times, and shall pronounce him clean ; 
and he shall let the live bird go over 
the fields. 8 And he that is to be 
cleansed shall wash his clothes, and 
shave off all his hair, and bathe in 
water, and he shall be clean ; and 
afterward he shall come into the camp, 
and he shall dwell outside his tent 
seven days. 9 And it shall be on the 
seventh day, that he shall shave all his 
hair off his head, and his beard and 
his eyebrows, even all his hair he shall 
shave off ; and he shall wash his 
clothes, and shall bathe his flesh in 
water, and he shall be clean. 10 And 
on the eighth day he shall take two 
male lambs without blemish, and one 
yearling ewe lamb without blemish, 
and three tenths of fine flour for a meal 
offering, poured over with oil, and one 
log of oil. W And the priest that 
cleanses him shall cause the man that 
is to be cleansed and these things to 
stand before Jehovah at the doorway 
of the tent of meeting. 12 And the 
priest shall take one male lamb, and 
offer it for a trespass offering, and the 
log of oil ; and he shall wave them for 
a wave offering before Jehovah ; 13 and 
he shall kill the lamb in the place 
where they kill the sin offering and 
the burnt offering, in the place of the 
sanctuary ; for, like the sin offering, 
the trespass offering is the priest's ; it 
is most holy. "And the priest shall 

Heb., living. 



135 



LEVITICUS XIV 



take sonic of the Mood of the trespass 
offering, and the priest shall put it 
upon the tip of the right ear of the 
one that is to be cleansed, and upon the 
thumb of his right hand and upon the 
great toe of his right foot. 16 And the 
priest shall take some of the log of oil, 
and pour it upon the palm of his own 
left hand ; ,fi and the priest shall dip 
his right finger into some of the oil 
that is on his left palm, and shall 
sprinkle some of the oil with his finger 
seven times before Jehovah. "And 
some of the rest of the oil that is on 
his palm the priest shall put upon the 
tip of the right ear of the one that is 
to be cleansed, and upon the thumb of 
his right hand and upon the great toe 
of his right foot, upon the blood of the 
trespass offering. 18 And that which is 
left of the oil that is on the priest's 
palm he shall put upon the head of 
the one that is to be cleansed ; and 
the priest shall make atonement for 
him before Jehovah. 19 And the priest 
shall offer the sin offering, and make 
atonement for the one that has been 
cleansed from his uncleanness ; and 
afterward he shall kill the burnt offer- 
ing ; 20 and the priest shall offer the 
burnt offering and the meal offering 
upon the altar ; and the priest shall 
make atonement for him and he shall 
be clean. 21 And if he be poor, and 
cannot get so much ; then he shall fetch 
one lamb for a trespass offering to be 
waved, to make atonement for him, and 
one tenth of fine flour poured over with 
oil for a meal offering, and a log of oil ; 
22 and two turtledoves, or two young 
pigeons, such as he is able to get j and 
the one shall be for a sin offering and 
the other for a burnt offering. 23 And 
lie shall bring them on the eighth day 
to the priest for his cleansing, to the 
doorway of the tent of meeting, before 
Jehovah. * And the priest shall take 
the lamb of the trespass offering and 



the log of oil, and the priest shall wave 
them for a wave offering before Jeho- 
vah. 25 And he shall kill the lamb of 
the trespass offering, and the priest 
shall take some of the blood of the 
trespass offering, and put it upon the 
tip of the right ear of the one that is 
to be cleansed, and upon the thumb 
of his right hand, and upon the great 
toe of his right foot. 2(i And the priest 
shall pour some of the oil upon the 
palm of his own left hand ; 27 and the 
priest shall sprinkle with his right finger 
some of the oil that is on his left palm 
seven times before Jehovah. 28 And 
the priest shall put some of the oil 
that is on his palm upon the tip of 
the right ear of the one that is to be 
cleansed, and upon the thumb of his 
right hand, and upon the great toe of 
his right foot, upon the place of the 
blood of the trespass offering. 29 And 
that which is left of the oil that is on 
the priest's palm he shall put upon 
the head of the one that is to be 
cleansed, to make atonement for him 
before Jehovah. 30 And he shall offer 
one of the turtledoves, or of the young 
pigeons, such as he can get, 31 that 
he is able to get, the one for a sin 
offering and the other for a burnt offer- 
ing, with the meal offering ; and the 
priest shall make atonement for the 
'one that is to be cleansed before Je- 
hovah. 82 This is the law about him 
in whom is the leprosy spot, who can- 
not get that which is for his cleansing. 
33 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
to Aaron, saying, 34 When ye shall come 
into the land of Canaan, which I am go- 
ing to give to you for a possession, and 
I put a leprosy spot in a house of the 
land of your possession ; 3r> then he that 
owns the house shall come and tel 
the priest, saying, It looks to me as i 
there was a spot in the house ; 36 am 
the priest shall command that they 
empty the house before the priest 



136 



LEVITICUS XV 



goes in to look at the spot, that nothing house after the house was plastered ; 



that is in the house may be unclean ; 
and afterward the priest shall go in to 
see the house ; 3T and he shall look at 
the spot, and, behold, if the spot is in 
the walls of the house, hollow streaks, 
greenish, or reddish, and their appear- 
ance is deeper than the wall; M then 
the priest shall go out of the house to 
the entrance of the house, and he 
shall shut up the house seven days j 
39 and the priest shall return on the 
seventh day, and he shall look ; and, 
behold, if the spot has spread in the 
walls of the house ; 40 then the priest 
shall command that they take out the 
stones in which the spot is, and they 
shall throw them in an unclean place 
outside the city ; 4l and he shall cause 
the house to be scraped off inside 
round about, and they shall pour the 
mortar that they scrape off in an un- 
clean place outside the city ; 42 and 
they shall take other stones, and put 
them in the place of those stones ; and 
he shall take other mortar and plaster 
the house. 43 And if the spot again 
break out in the house, after he has 
taken out the stones, and after he has 
scraped the house, and after it is plas- 
tered ; 44 then the priest shall come 
and look at it, and, behold, if the 
spot lias spread in the house, it is a 
malignant leprosy in the house ; it is 
unclean. 45 And he shall tear down 
the house, its stones, and its timber 
and all the mortar of the house ; and 
he shall take them forth outside the 
city to an unclean place. 46 And he 
that goes into the house during all the 
days that he shut it up shall be unclean 
until evening. 47 And he that lies in 
the house shall wash his clothes ; and 
he that eats in the house shall wash 
his clothes. 48 But if the priest shall 
indeed come in, and look at it, and, 
behold, the spot has not spread in the 



then the priest shall pronounce the 
house clean, because the spot is healed. 
49 And he shall take to cleanse the 
house two birds, and cedar wood, and 
scarlet, and hyssop; 50 and he shall 
kill one of the birds over an earthen 
vessel, over fresh water ; 51 and he 
shall take the cedar wood, and the 
hyssop, and the scarlet, and the live 
bird, and dip them in the blood of 
the bird that was killed and the fresh 
water, and shall sprinkle the house 
seven times ; 52 and he shall cleanse 
the house with the blood of the bird 
and the fresh water, and with the live 
bird, and the cedar wood, and the 
hyssop, and the scarlet ; 53 and he 
shall let the live bird go outside the 
city over the open fields ; and he shall 
make atonement for the house, and it 
shall be clean. 

54 This is the law for every kind of 
leprosy spot, and for the scall, 55 and 
for the leprosy of a garment, and of a 
house, 56 and for a swelling, and for a 
scab, and for a bright spot, 57 for their 
guidance in the day it is unclean, and 
in the day it is clean : this is the law 
of leprosy. 

CHAPTER XV 



1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
to Aaron, saying, 2 Speak to the sons 
of Israel, and say to them, When any 
man shall have a flowing from his 
flesh, because of his flowing he shall 
be unclean. 3 And this shall be his 
uncleanness in his flowing ; whether 
his flesh runs with his flowing, or his 
flesh be stopped from his flowing, this 
shall be his uncleanness : 4 every bed 
upon which he that has the flowing 
lies shall be unclean ; and every article 
Upon which he shall sit shall be un- 
clean. 5 And any man that touches 
his bed shall wash his clothes, and 

Mortar, Heb., dust, or clay. 
137 



LEVITICUS XV 



bathe in water, and be unclean until 
the evening, 6 And he that sits on 
the article on which he that has the 
flowing has sat shall wash his clothes, 
and bathe in water, and be unclean 
until evening. 7 And he that touches 
the flesh of the one that has the flow- 
ing shall wash his clothes, and bathe 
in water, and be unclean until even- 
ing. 8 And when the one that has the 
flowing shall spit upon one that is 
clean, then he shall wash his clothes, 
and bathe in water, and be unclean 
until evening. 9 And every seat upon 
which the one that has the flowing 
shall ride shall be unclean. 10 And 
every one that touches any thing that 
was under him shall be unclean until 
the evening ; and the one that carries 
them shall wash his clothes, and bathe 
in water, and be unclean until the 
evening. u And any one whom he 
that has the flowing touches, if he has 
not rinsed his hands in water, shall 
wash his clothes, and bathe in water, 
and be unclean until the evening. 
12 And an earthen utensil which he 
that has the flowing shall touch shall 
be broken to pieces, and every wooden 
utensil shall be rinsed in water. 

13 And when he that has the flowing 
shall be clean from his flowing, then 
he shall count for himself seven days 
for his cleansing, and he shall wash 
his clothes, and bathe his flesh in fresh 
water, and he shall be clean. u And 
on the eighth day he shall take for 
himself two turtledoves, or two young 
pigeons, and come before Jehovah to 
the doorway of the tent of meeting, 
and he shall give them to the priest. 
''And the priest shall offer them, one 
as a sin offering, and the other as a 
burnt offering ; and the priest shall 
make atonement for him before Jeho- 
vah on account of his flowing. 



16 And when there shall come from 
a man seed of copulation, then he 
shall wash all his flesh in water, and 
be unclean until the evening. n And 
any clothing and any skin on which 
shall be seed of copulation shall be 
washed with water, and be unclean 
until the evening. 18 And the woman 
with whom a man shall lie with seed 
of copulation, they shall both bathe 
in water, and be unclean until the 
evening. 

19 And when a woman shall have a 
flowing, and her flowing in her flesh 
is blood, she shall be in her separation 
seven days j and every one that touches 
her shall be unclean until the evening. 
20 And every thing that she lies upon 
in her separation shall be unclean ; 
everything that she sits upon shall be 
unclean. 21 And every one that touches 
her bed shall wash his clothes, and 
bathe in water, and be unclean until 
the evening. 22 And every one that 
touches any article that she shall sit 
upon shall wash his clothes, and bathe 
in water, and be unclean until the 
evening. 23 And if it be on the bed, 
or on the article that she sits on, when 
he touches it he shall be unclean until 
the evening. 24 And if a man lies 
with her at all, and her uncleanness 
be on him, he shall be unclean seven 
days ; and every bed that he lies 
on shall be unclean. 25 And when a 
woman shall have a flowing of her 
blood many days out of the time of 
her separation, or when she shall have 
a flow beyond the time of her separa- 
tion ; all the days of the flowing o 
her uncleanness shall be as the days 
of her separation : she shall be un- 
clean. 2fi Every bed that she shall lie 
on all the days of her flowing shall be 
to her as the bed of her separation 
and every article that she shall sit on 



Ver. 19. Separation, uncleanness, defilement. 
Ver. 24. Uncleanness, same word as rendered " separation. 



138 



LEVITICUS XVI 



shall be unclean, as the uncleanness 
of her separation, 2 ~ and every one 
that touches them shall be unclean, 
and he shall wash his clothes, and 
bathe in water, and be unclean until 
the evening. 28 But if she has become 
clean from her flowing, then she shall 
count for herself seven days, and after- 
ward she shall be clean. 29 And on 
the eighth day she shall take for her- 
self two turtledoves, or two young 
pigeons, and bring them to the priest, 
to the doorway of the tent of meet- 
ing. 30 And the priest shall offer the 
one as a sin offering and the other as 
a burnt offering ; and the priest shall 
make atonement for her before Jeho- 
vah on account of the flowing of her 
uncleanness. 

31 And ye shall separate the sons of 
Israel from their uncleanness, that they 
die not in their uncleanness when they 
make unclean my tabernacle that is 
among them. :i2 This is the law of the 
one that has a flowing, and of the one 
whose seed of copulation comes from 
him so that he becomes unclean 
thereby, 33 and of her that is sick in 
her separation, and of the one that 
has a flowing, for the male and for the 
female, and for a man that lies with 
her that is unclean. 

CHAPTER XVI 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses after 
the death of the two sons of Aaron, 
when they drew near before Jehovah 
and died ; 2 and Jehovah said to Moses, 
Speak to Aaron thy brother, that he 
come not at all times into the sanctuary 
inside the veil, to the front of the mercy 
seat, which is on the ark, that he die 
not ; for I will appear in the cloud 
above the mercy seat. 3 With this 
shall Aaron come into the sanctuary : 
With a young bullock for a sin offer- 



ing, and a ram for a burnt offering. 
4 He shall put on the holy linen tunic, 
and the linen drawers shall be on his 
flesh, and he shall be girded with a 
linen girdle, and with the linen tur- 
ban shall he be attired, these are holy 
garments ; and he shall bathe his flesh 
in water, and put them on. 

5 And he shall take from the con- 
gregation of the sons of Israel two 
male goats for a sin offering and one 
ram for a burnt offering. 6 And Aaron 
shall offer the bullock of the sin offer- 
ing that is for himself, and make atone- 
ment for himself and for his house. 
T And he shall take the two goats, and 
cause them to stand before Jehovah at 
the door of the tent of meeting. 8 And 
Aaron shall cast lots for the two goats : 
one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot 
for Azazel. 9 And Aaron shall bring 
the goat on which the lot for Jehovah 
fell, and he shall offer it as a sin offer- 
ing. 10 And the goat on which the lot 
for Azazel fell shall be caused to stand 
alive before Jehovah, to make atone- 
ment with it, to let it go for Azazel 
into the wilderness. 

11 And Aaron shall bring the bullock 
of the sin offering that is for himself, 
and make atonement for himself and 
for his house. And he shall kill the 
bullock of the sin offering that is for 
himself ; 12 and he shall take a censer 
full of coals of fire from off the altar, 
from before Jehovah, and his hands full 
of incense spices beaten fine, and bring 
them inside the veil ; 13 and he shall 
put the incense upon the fire before 
Jehovah, and the cloud of incense 
shall cover the mercy seat that is over 
the testimony, that he die not. u And 
he shall take some of the blood of 
the bullock, and sprinkle it with his 
finger upon the mercy seat in front ; 
and before the mercy seat shall he 



Ver. 2. Mercy seat, Heb., covering. 

Ver. 8. Azazel, the root of the word probably meant to remove, or separate. 

Ver. 14. Upon, or before. So ver. 15. 

139 



LEVITICUS XVI 



sprinkle some of the blood with his 
finger seven times. 

15 Then he shall kill the goat of the 
sin offering that is for the people, and 
bring its blood inside the veil, and do 
with its blood as he did with the blood 
of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon 
the mercy seat and before the mercy 
seat. w And he shall make atonement 
for the sanctuary, because of the un- 
cleanness of the sons of Israel, and 
because of their transgressions, even 
all their sins ; and so shall he do for 
the tent of meeting that dwells with 
them in the midst of their unclean- 
ness. " And there shall be no man 
in the tent of meeting when he goes 
in to make atonement in the sanc- 
tuary, until he comes out, and has 
made atonement for himself, and for 
his house, and for all the assembly 
of Israel. 18 And he shall go out to 
the altar that is before Jehovah, and 
make atonement for it, and he shall 
take some of the blood of the bullock 
and some of the blood of the goat, 
and put it upon the horns of the altar 
round about. 19 And he shall sprinkle 
upon it some of the blood with his 
finger seven times, and cleanse it, and 
sanctify it from the uncleanness of the 
sons of Israel. 

20 And when he has finished making 
atonement for the sanctuary, and the 
tent of the meeting, and the altar, he 
shall bring the live goat. 21 And Aaron 
shall lean his two hands upon the head 
of the live goat, and confess over it 
all the iniquities of the sons of Israel, 
:md all their transgressions, even all 
their sins, and he shall put them upon 
the head of the goat, and send it away 
by the hand of a man ready into the 
wilderness. 22 And the goat shall bear 
away upon it all their iniquities to a 
solitary land ; and he shall let the goat 
go in the wilderness. 



2:! And Aaron shall go into the tent 
of meeting, and take off the linen gar- 
ments, which he put on when he went 
into the sanctuary, and leave them 
there. 24 And he shall bathe his flesh 
with water in the holy place, and put 
on his garments, and go out and offer 
his burnt offering and the burnt offer- 
ing of the people, and make atone- 
ment for himself and for the people. 
25 And the fat of the sin offering he 
shall burn on the altar. 26 And the 
one that lets go the goat for Azazel 
shall wash his clothes, and bathe his 
flesh in water, and afterward come 
into the camp. 27 And the bullock of 
the sin offering and the goat of the 
sin offering, whose blood was brought 
in to make atonement in the sanc- 
tuary, they shall take forth outside the 
camp, and they shall burn in the fire 
their skins, and their flesh and their 
offal. 28 And the one that burns them 
shall wash his clothes, and bathe his 
flesh in water, and afterward he shall 
come into the camp. 

29 And it shall be to you for a per- 
petual statute : in the seventh month, 
on the tenth day of the month, ye 
shall afflict your souls, ye shall not do 
any work, the native or the sojourner 
that sojourns among you : 30 for on 
this day he shall make atonement for 
you, to cleanse you ; from all your sins 
you shall be clean before Jehovah. 
31 It shall be a sabbath of rest to you, 
and ye shall afflict your souls ; it shall 
be a perpetual statute. 32 And the priest 
whom they shall anoint, and who shall 
be consecrated to act as priest in his 
father's stead, shall make the atone- 
ment ; and he shall put on the linen 
clothes, even the holy garments ; 3:! and 
he shall make atonement for the holy 
sanctuary, and he shall make atone- 
ment for the tent of meeting, and for 
the altar ; and he shall make atone- 



Ver. 22. Solitary land, or desert region. 
I40 



LEVITICUS XVII, XVIII 



ment for the priests, and for all the 
people of the assembly. 34 And this 
shall be to you for a perpetual statute, 
to make atonement for the sons of 
Israel on account of all their sins once 
a year. And he did as Jehovah com- 
manded Moses. 

• CHAPTER XVII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to Aaron, and to his 
sons, and to all the sons of Israel, 
and say to them, This is the thing 
which Jehovah has commanded, say- 
ing, 3 Any man of the house of Is- 
rael that kills an ox, or a lamb, or 
goat, in the camp, or that kills it out- 
side the camp, 4 and does not bring 
it to the doorway of the tent of meet- 
ing, to offer an oblation to Jehovah 
before the tabernacle of Jehovah ; 
blood shall be imputed to that man ; 
he has shed blood, and that man shall 
be cut off from among his people : 
6 in order that the sons of Israel may 
bring their sacrifices that they sacri- 
fice in the open field, even that they 
may bring them to Jehovah, to the 
doorway of the tent of meeting, to 
the priest, and offer them as peace 
offerings to Jehovah. 6 And the priest 
shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar 
of Jehovah at the doorway of the tent 
of meeting, and burn the fat for an 
odor of delight to Jehovah. 7 And 
they shall not again sacrifice their 
sacrifices to he-goats, after which 
they go whoring. A perpetual statute 
shall this be to them throughout their 
generations. 

8 And thou shalt say to them, Any 
man of the house of Israel, or of the ! 
sojourners who shall sojourn among 
them, that offers a burnt offering, or 
sacrifice, 9 and does not bring it to 
the doorway of the tent of meeting 
to offer it to Jehovah ; even that man 
shall be cut off from his people. 



10 And any man of the house of Is- 
rael, or of the sojourners that sojourn 
among them, that shall eat any blood j 
I will even set my face against the soul 
that eats blood, and will cut him off 
from among his people. n For the 
life of the flesh is in the blood, and I 
have given it to you upon the altar 
to make atonement for your lives ; 
for the blood makes atonement by 
the life. 12 Therefore have I said to 
the sons of Israel, No soul of you 
shall eat blood, nor shall the sojourner 
that sojourns among you eat blood. 
"And any man of the sons of Israel, 
or of the sojourners that sojourn 
among them, who shall take game, 
any beast or bird that may be eaten, 
he shall pour out its blood, and cover 
it with dust. " For as to the life of 
all flesh, its blood is as its life ; and I 
said to the sons of Israel, The blood 
of any flesh ye shall not eat ; for the 
life of all flesh is its blood ; every 
one of those eating it shall be cut off. 
15 And every soul that shall eat an 
animal that has died, or one that has 
been torn to pieces, whether he be a 
native or a sojourner, he shall wash 
his clothes, and bathe in water, and 
be unclean until evening, then he 
shall be clean. 16 And if he does not 
wash them, nor bathe his flesh, then 
he shall bear his iniquity. 

CHAPTER XVIII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, I am Jehovah your God. 
3 According to the deeds of the land 
of Egypt wherein ye dwelt ye shall 
not do ; and according to the deeds 
of the land of Canaan whither I am 
going to bring you ye shall not do, 
and in their ordinances ye shall not 
walk. * But my judgments ye shall 
do, and my ordinances ye shall ob- 
serve to walk in them ; 1 am Jehovah 



141 



LEVITICUS XIX 



your God ; 5 and ye shall observe my 
ordinances and my judgments ; and 
the man that does them shall live by 
them. I am Jehovah. 

6 No man of you shall approach to 
any of his blood relations, to uncover 
their nakedness. I am Jehovah. 7 The 
nakedness of thy father, even the na- 
kedness of thy mother, thou shah not 
uncover, she is thy mother, thou shalt 
not uncover her nakedness. 8 The na- 
kedness of thy father's wife thou shalt 
not uncover, it is the nakedness of 
thy father. 9 The nakedness of thy 
sister, the daughter of thy father, or 
the daughter of thy mother, born at 
home, or born abroad, their naked- 
ness thou shalt not uncover. 10 The 
nakedness of the daughter of thy son, 
or the daughter of thy daughter, their 
nakedness thou shalt not uncover • 
for they are thy nakedness. n The 
nakedness of the daughter of thy 
father's wife, begotten of thy father, 
she is thy sister, thou shalt not un- 
cover her nakedness. 12 The naked- 
ness of thy father's sister thou shalt 
not uncover, she is thy father's blood 
relation. 13 The nakedness of thy 
mother's sister thou shalt not un- 
cover, for she is thy mother's blood 
relation. u The nakedness of thy 
father's brother thou shalt not un- 
cover, thou shalt not approach to 
his wife, she is thy aunt. 15 The na- 
kedness of thy daughter-in-law thou 
shalt not uncover, she is thy son's 
wife, thou shalt not uncover her na- 
kedness. 16 The nakedness of thy 
brother's wife thou shalt not uncover, 
it is thy brother's nakedness. 17 The ! 
nakedness of a woman and of her 
daughter thou shalt not uncover, 
neither shalt thou take her son's 
daughter, or her daughter's daughter 
t<> uncover her nakedness, they are 
blood relations ; it is wickedness. 
18 And thou shalt not take a woman 



along with her sister while she is liv- 
ing, to be a rival, to uncover her na- 
kedness. 19 And thou shalt not ap- 
proach to a woman in the separation 
of her uncleanness to uncover her na- 
kedness. 20 And thou shalt not lie 
carnally with thy neighbor's wife, to 
become unclean by her. 21 And thou 
shalt not give of thy seed to pass 
through to Molech, nor profane the 
name of thy God. I am Jehovah. 
32 Thou shalt not lie with a man as 
with a woman, it is abomination. 
23 Neither shalt thou lie with any beast 
to become unclean by it • neither 
shall any woman stand before any 
beast, to lie with it, it is foul pollu- 
tion. 2 * Make not yourselves unclean 
in any of these things ; for in all these 
the nations are made unclean whom I 
am going to cast out from before you ; 

25 and the land is unclean, and I have 
visited its iniquity upon it, and the 
land has vomited out her inhabitants. 

26 But ye shall keep my ordinances 
and my judgments, and ye shall not 
commit any of these abominations, 
the native, or the sojourner that so- 
journs among you ; (" for all these 
abominations have the men of the 
land done, who were before you, and 
the land is unclean ;) 28 that the land 
may not vomit you out also, when ye 
make it unclean, as it vomited out the 
nation that was before you. 29 For 
every one that shall commit any of 
these abominations, the souls commit- 
ting them shall be cut off from among 
their people. 30 And ye shall keep my 
charge, so as not to commit any of the 
abominable ordinances that have been 
committed before you, and that ye 
may not. make yourselves unclean by 
them. I am Jehovah your God. 



CHAPTER XIX 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to all the congregation 
142 



LEVITICUS XIX 



the sons of Israel, and say to them, 
Ye shall be holy ; for I Jehovah your 
God am holy. 

3 Ye shall fear each man his mother 
and his father, and my sabbaths ye 
shall keep. I am Jehovah your God. 
4 Turn ye not to idols, nor make for 
yourselves molten gods. I am Jeho- 
vah your God. 

5 And when ye sacrifice a peace of- 
fering to Jehovah, for your acceptance 
ye shall sacrifice it. 6 It shall be eaten 
on the day ye offer it and on the mor- 
row ; and that which is left until the 
third day shall be burnt in the fire. 
7 And if it be eaten at all on the third 
day, it is abominable ; it shall not be 
accepted ; 8 and each one of those 
eating it shall bear his iniquity, be- 
cause he has profaned the holy thing 
of Jehovah ; and that soul shall be 
cut off from his people. 

9 And when ye reap the harvest of 
your land, thou shalt not completely 
reap the corners of the field, neither 
shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy 
harvest. 10 And thou shalt not glean 
thy vineyard, neither shalt thou glean 
the scattered grapes of thy vineyard ; 
thou shalt leave them for the poor 
and the sojourner. I am Jehovah 
your God. 

u Ye shall not steal, nor deceive, 
nor lie a man to his neighbor. 12 And 
ye shall not swear by my name to a 
falsehood, and profane the name of 
thy God. I am Jehovah. 1:J Thou 
shalt not oppress thy neighbor, nor 
rob him ; the wages of a hired servant 
shall not lodge with thee until morn- 
ing. u Thou shalt not curse one deaf, 
nor put a stumblingblock before one 
blind, but thou shalt fear thy God. I 
am Jehovah. 15 Ye shall not be un- 
righteous in judgment ; thou shalt not 
be partial to the weak, nor favor the 
great ; with righteousness shalt thou 
judge thy neighbor. 16 Thou shalt not 



go about as a talebearer among thy 
people ; thou shalt not rise up against 
the blood of thy neighbor. I am Je- 
hovah. " Thou shalt not hate thy 
brother in thy heart ; thou shalt surely 
correct thy neighbor, and not bear 
sin on account of him. 18 Thou shalt 
not take vengeance, nor keep anger 
against the sons of thy people, but 
thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- 
self. I am Jehovah. 

19 Ye shall keep my ordinances. 
Thou shalt not cause thy beast to 
gender with one of a different kind ; 
thou shalt not sow thy field with two 
kinds of seed ; neither shall a garment 
of two kinds of material mixed come 
upon thee. 

20 And when a man shall lie with a 
woman, with the seed of copulation, 
and she be a maidservant betrothed 
to a man, and she has not been at all 
redeemed, nor freed ; there shall be 
chastisement ; they shall not be put 
to death ; because she was not set 
free. 21 And he shall bring his tres- 
pass offering to Jehovah, to the door 
of the tent of meeting, a ram for a 
trespass offering. 22 And the priest 
shall make atonement for him with the 
ram of the trespass offering before Je- 
hovah on account of his sin which he 
has sinned ; and he shall be forgiven 
of his sin which he has sinned. 

23 And when ye shall come into the 
land, and shall plant every kind of tree 
for food, then ye shall treat their fruit 
as uncircumcised ; three years shall it 
be to you as uncircumcised ; it shall 
not be eaten. 24 But in the fourth 
year all their fruit shall be holy for 
praising Jehovah. 25 And in the fifth 
year ye shall eat their fruit, to add 
to you their increase. I am Jehovah 
your God. 

26 Ye shall not eat anything with the 
blood ; ye shall not practise divina- 
tion nor sorcery. 27 Ye shall not round 



143 



LEVITICUS XX 



the corners of your heads, neither shalt 
thou mar the. corners of thy beard. 
28 Ye shall not make any cuttings in 
your flesh for a life, nor print any 
marks upon you. I am Jehovah. 29 Do 
not make common thy daughter, to 
cause her to be a whore, that the land 
may not fall to whoredom, and the 
land be full of wickedness. 

30 Ye shall keep my sabbaths and rev- 
erence my sanctuary. I am Jehovah. 

31 Turn not to the necromancers, 
nor seek the wizards, to become un- 
clean by them. I am Jehovah. 32 Thou 
shalt rise up before a gray headed man, 
and honor the face of an old man, and 
fear thy God. I am Jehovah. 33 And 
when a sojourner sojourns with thee in 
your land, ye shall not maltreat him. 
34 As one of your native born shall the 
sojourner that sojourns with you be to 
you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; 
for ye were sojourners in the land of 
Egypt. I am Jehovah your God. 

35 Ye shall not be unrighteous in judg- 
ment, in scales, in w r eight, or in meas- 
ure. 36 Right balances, right weights, 
a right ephah and a right hin shall ye 
have. I am Jehovah your God, who 
brought you out from the land of 
Egypt. *" And ye shall observe all my 
ordinances, and all my judgments, and 
do them. I am Jehovah. 

CHAPTER XX 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 And thou shalt say to the sons of 
Israel, Any man of the sons of Israel, 
or of the sojourners that sojourn in Is- 
rael, who shall give any of his seed to 
Molech, shall surely be put to death : 
the people of the land shall stone him 
with stones. :1 And I myself will set 
my face against that man, and will cut 
him off from among my people ; be- 
cause he has given his seed to Molech, 
in order to make unclean my sanctu- 
ary, and to profane my holy name. 



4 And if the people of the land shall 
indeed hide their eyes from that man, 
when he gives of his seed to Molech, 
so as not to kill him ; 5 then I myself 
will set my face against that man and 
against his family, and will cut off him 
and all that go whoring after him, to 
go whoring after Molech, from among 
their people. 

6 And the soul that turns to the nec- 
romancers, or to the wizards, to go 
whoring after them, I will set my face 
against that soul, and will cut him off 
from among his people. 7 And ye shall 
sanctify yourselves, and be holy ; for 
I am Jehovah your God. 8 And ye 
shall keep my ordinances, and do 
them ; I am Jehovah who sanctifies 
you. 9 For any man that curses his 
father or his mother shall surely be put 
to death ; his father or his mother he 
has cursed ; his blood shall be on him. 

10 And a man that commits adultery 
with the wife of a man, that shall com- 
mit adultery with the wife of his neigh- 
bor, the adulterer and the audulteress 
shall surely be put to death. " And a 
man that shall lie with the wife of his 
father, the nakedness of his father he 
has uncovered, both of them shall 
surely be put to death ; their blood 
shall be on them. 12 And a man that 
shall lie with his daughter-in-law, both 
of them shall surely be put to death; 
they have wrought a foul pollution ; 
their blood shall be on them. 13 And 
a man that shall lie with a male as with 
a woman, both of them have com- 
mitted an abomination j they shall 
surely be put to death ; their blood 
shall be on them. u And a man that 
shall take a woman and her mother, it 
is wickedness ; they shall burn with 
fire him and them, that there may not 
be wickedness among you. 15 And a 
man that shall lie with a beast shall 
surely be put to death, and the beast 
ye shall slay. lfi And a woman that shall 



144 



LEVITICUS XXI 



approach to any beast, and lie with it, 
thou shalt kill the woman and the beast; 
they shall surely be put to death ; their 
blood shall be on them. 1T And a man 
that shall take his sister, the daughter 
of his father, or the daughter of his 
mother, and see her nakedness, and 
she see his nakedness ; it is a dis- 
grace; they shall be cut off in the 
sight of the sons of their people ; he 
has uncovered his sister's nakedness ; 
he shall bear his iniquity. 18 And a 
man that shall lie with a woman that 
is unwell, and shall uncover her naked- 
ness ; he has made naked her fountain, 
and she has uncovered the fountain of 
her blood, and both of them shall be 
cut off from among their people. ,9 And 
the nakedness of the sister of thy 
mother thou shalt not uncover, or of 
the sister of thy father ; for a blood 
relation he has made naked, they 
shall bear their iniquity. 20 And a 
man that shall lie with his aunt, he has 
uncovered his uncle' s nakedness ; they 
shall bear their sin ; they shall die 
childless. 21 And a man that shall take 
the wife of his brother, it is unclean- 
ness, he has uncovered his brother's 
nakedness ; they shall be childless. 

'-"-' And ye shall keep all my ordi- 
nances and all my judgments, and do 
them ; and so the land, whither I am 
going to bring you to dwell in it shall 
not vomit you out. 2:i And ye shall 
not walk in the ordinances of the 
nation which I am going to cast out 
from before you ; for all these things 
they have done, and I am disgusted 
with them ; LM and I said to you, Ye 
shall inherit their land, and I will give 
it to you to possess it, a land flowing 
with milk and honey. I am Jehovah 
your God who separated you from the 
peoples. 25 And ye shall distinguish 
between the clean beasts and the un- 
clean, and between the unclean birds 



and the clean ; and ye shall not make 
yourselves abominable by beasts or by 
birds, or by any thing by which the 
ground teems, which I have separated 
for you to pronounce unclean. 26 And 
ye shall be holy to me ; for I Jehovah 
am holy, and have separated you from 
the peoples to be mine. * 7 And when 
there shall be in a man or a woman a 
spirit of necromancy or of witchcraft, 
they shall surely be put to death : 
they shall stone them with stones ; 
their blood shall be on them. 

CHAPTER XXI 

1 And Jehovah said to Moses, Speak 
to the priests the sons of Aaron, and 
say to them, There shall none make 
himself unclean among his people for 
the dead ; 2 but for his blood relation 
that is near to him, for his mother, or 
for his father, or for his son, or for 
his daughter, or for his brother, 3 or 
for his sister a virgin, that is near to 
him, who has not had a husband, for 
her he may make himself unclean. 
4 He shall not make himself unclean, 
being a chief man among his people, 
to profane himself. 5 They shall not 
make a baldness upon their head, 
neither shall they shave off the corner 
of their beard, nor make any cuttings 
in their flesh. 6 They shall be holy to 
their God, and not profane the name 
of their God ; for the fire offerings of 
Jehovah, the food of their God they 
do offer ; and they shall be holy. 

7 A woman that is a harlot, or one 
profaned they shall not take, or a 
woman divorced from her husband 
they shall not take ; for he [the priest] 
is holy to his God. 8 And thou shalt 
sanctify him ; for he offers the food 
of thy God : he shall be holy to 
thee ; for I Jehovah who sanctify you 
am holy. 

9 And the daughter of a priest, 



lo 



Ver. oi. Uncleanness, same as translated ^separation 

M5 



LEVITICUS XXII 



when she profanes herself to be a har- 
lot, she profanes her father ; she shall 
be burnt with fire. 10 And he that is 
the high priest among his brethren, 
upon whose head the anointing oil 
shall be poured, and who shall conse- 
crate himself to put on the garments, 
shall not let his hair go loose, nor 
rend his clothes ; " neither shall he 
go in to any dead body ; he shall not 
make himself unclean for his father, 
or for his mother ; u neither shall he 
depart from the sanctuary, nor pro- 
fane the sanctuary of his God ; for 
the crown of the anointing oil of his 
God is on him. I am Jehovah. 

13 And he shall take a woman in her 
virginity. u A widow, or a divorced 
woman, or one profaned, a harlot, 
these shall he not take ; but a virgin 
from his people he shall take for a 
wife ; 15 that he may not profane his 
seed among his people ; for I am 
Jehovah who sanctifies him. 

16 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, ,7 Speak to Aaron, saying, Any 
man of thy seed throughout their 
generations in whom there shall be a 
blemish shall not draw near to offer 
the food of his God. 18 For no man 
in whom there is a blemish shall draw 
near: a man blind, or lame, or flat- 
nosed, or long-nosed, 19 or a man 
that is broken-footed, or broken- 
handed, 20 or a hunchback, or a dwarf, 
or has a blemish in his eye, or is 
scurvy, or scabbed, or has his testicles 
crushed ; 21 no man of the seed of 
Aaron the priest that has a blemish 
shall come near to offer the fire offer- 
ings of Jehovah ; there is a blemish 
in him, he shall not come near to 
offer the food of his God. 22 The 
food of his God, of the most holy 
things and of the holy things, he may 
eal ; 23 only he shall not go in to the 
veil, nor come near to the altar, be- 



cause there is a blemish in him, that 
he may not profane my sanctuaries , 
for I am Jehovah who sanctifies them. 
24 And Moses spoke to Aaron, and to 
his sons and to all the sons of Israel. 

CHAPTER XXII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 2 Speak to Aaron and his sons, 
that they abstain from the holy things 
of the sons of Israel which they con- 
secrate to me, that they may not pro- 
fane my holy name. I am Jehovah. 
3 Say to them, Throughout your gen- 
erations every one of all your seed 
that shall draw near to the holy things 
which the sons of Israel shall conse- 
crate to Jehovah having his unclean- 
ness on him, that soul shall be cut off 
from before me. I am Jehovah. 
i Any man of the seed of Aaron that 
is a leper, or has a flowing, shall not 
eat of the holy things until he be clean. 
And he that touches anything defiled 
by the dead, or a man whose seed 
comes from him, 5 or a man that shall 
touch any creeping thing by which he 
shall become unclean, or a man by 
whom he shall become unclean, what- 
ever his uncleanness ; 6 the soul that 
shall touch any such shall be unclean 
until evening, and shall not eat of the 
holy things, unless he has bathed his 
flesh with water, 7 and when the sun 
is down he shall be clean, and after- 
wards he may eat of the holy things, 
because it is his food. 8 An animal 
that has died, or been torn to pieces 
he shall not eat, to become unclean 
by it. I am Jehovah. 

9 And they shall keep my charge, 
that they may not bear sin on account of 
it, and die thereby, when they profane 
it. I Jehovah sanctify them. 10 No 
outsider shall eat a holy thing ; a so- 
journer of the priest, or a hired serv- 
ant, shall not eat a holy thing. ll But 



22 : ro. Sojourner, one residing with him. 
I46 






LEVITICUS XXIII 



when a priest shall get a soul pur- 
chased with his money, he may eat of 
it, and he that is born in his house, 
they may eat of his food. 12 And 
when a priest's daughter is married to 
an outsider, she shall not eat of the 
heave offering of the holy things. 
13 But when a priest's daughter shall 
become a widow, or be divorced, and 
have no seed, and she return to her 
father's house, as in her youth, she 
may eat of her father's food ; but no 
outsider shall eat of it. 

u And when a man shall eat a holy 
thing by mistake, then he shall add 
its fifth to it, and shall give it to the 
priest with the holy thing. 15 And 
they shall not profane the holy things 
of the sons of Israel, those that they 
heave for Jehovah, 16 and cause them 
to bear the iniquity of trespass, when 
they eat their holy things ; for I am 
Jehovah who sanctifies them. 

17 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 18 Speak to Aaron, and to his sons, 
and to all the sons of Israel, and say 
to them, Any man of the house of 
Israel, or of the sojourners in Israel, 
that shall bring his oblation for any 
of their vows, and for any of their 
free will offerings, which they shall 
offer to Jehovah for a burnt offering, 
19 for your acceptance it shall be with- 
out blemish, a male of the herd, of 
the sheep, or of the goats. 20 Any- 
thing in which there is a blemish ye 
shall not offer ; for it shall not be ac- 
ceptable for you. 21 And when a man 
shall bring a peace offering to Jehovah, 
to fulfill a vow, or for a free will offer- 



ing, of 
shall 



the herd or of the flock, it 



ance 
22 One 



be without blemish for accept- 
; there shall be no blemish in it. 



blind, or broken, or wounded, 
or having sores, or scurvy, or scabbed, 
ye shall not offer these to Jehovah ; 
and a fire offering from them ye shall 
not place upon the altar to Jehovah. 



23 Either an ox, or a sheep that has 
a member too large, or too small, 
thou mayest offer as a free will offer- 
ing ; but for a vow it will not be 
accepted. 24 Ye shall not offer to Je- 
hovah that which is emasculated by 
being bruised or crushed, or has been 
torn or cut ; and in your land ye 
shall not do this. 25 Nor from the 
hand of a foreigner shall ye offer the 
food of your God of any of these ; 
for their corruption is in them, a 
blemish is in them ; they will not be 
accepted for you. 

26 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, " When an ox, or a sheep, or a 
goat, is brought forth, then it shall be 
seven days under its dam ; and from 
the eighth day and onwards it will be 
accepted for an oblation of a fire offer- 
ing to Jehovah. LS And either an ox, 
or a sheep, ye shall not kill it and its 
young in one day. 29 And when ye 
sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to 
Jehovah, for your acceptance ye shall 
sacrifice it. 30 On that day it shall be 
eaten ; ye shall leave none of it until 
morning. I am Jehovah. 31 And ye 
shall keep my commandments, and do 
them. I am Jehovah. 32 And ye shall 
not profane my holy name; and I will 
be sanctified among the sons of Israel. 
I am Jehovah who sanctifies you, 33 who 
brought you out from the land of 
Egypt to be your God, I am Jehovah. 

CHAPTER XXIII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, The appointed times of 
Jehovah that ye shall proclaim as holy 
convocations, these are my appointed 
times : 3 Six days shall work be done, 
and on the seventh day shall be a 
sabbatical rest, a holy convocation ; ye 
shall do no work: it shall be a sabbath 
to Jehovah in all your dwellings. 

4 These are the festivals of Jehovah, 



147 



LEVITICUS XXIII 



holy convocations that ye shall pro- 
claim in their appointed times: 5 In 
the first month, on the fourteenth 
day of the month at evening shall be 
a passover to Jehovah. 6 And on the 
fifteenth day of this month shall be 
the feast of unleavened bread to Je- 
hovah : seven days ye shall eat un- 
leavened bread. 7 On the first day 
ye shall have a holy convocation ; ye 
shall do no work of labor. 8 And ye 
shall offer a fire offering to Jehovah 
seven days ; on the seventh day shall 
be a holy convocation ; ye shall do no 
work of labor. 

9 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 10 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, When ye shall come into 
the land that I am going to give to 
you, and shall reap its harvest, then 
ye shall bring the sheaf of the first- 
fruits of your harvest to the priest ; 
11 and he shall wave the sheaf before 
Jehovah for your acceptance ; on the 
morrow after the sabbath the priest 
shall wave it. 12 And ye shall offer 
on the day that ye wave the sheaf a 
male lamb without blemish, a year- 
ling, for a burnt offering to Jehovah ; 
13 and for its meal offering two tenths 
of fine flour poured over with oil, as 
a fire offering to Jehovah, an odor 
of delight ; and its libation of wine 
the fourth of a hin. u And ye shall 
not eat bread, nor parched grain, nor 
early grain, until this selfsame day, 
until ye have brought the oblation of 
your God : it shall be a perpetual or- 
dinance throughout your generations 
in all your dwellings. 

15 And ye shall count to you from 
the morrow after the sabbath, from 
the day you bring the sheaf of the 
wave offering, seven complete sab- 
baths ; 10 to the morrow after the 
Eleventh sabbath ye shall count fifty 
days, rind ye shnll offer a new meal 

v '' .. At (\cniiij;, Heb. 



offering to Jehovah : " ye shall bring 
from your dwellings two loaves of 
bread of two tenths as a wave offer- 
ing ; they shall be of fine flour ; they 
shall be baked with leaven, as first- 
fruits to Jehovah. 18 And ye shall 
offer with the bread seven yearling 
lambs without blemish, and one young 
bullock, and two rams ; they shall be 
for a burnt offering to Jehovah • with 
their meal offering and their libations, 
a fire offering of an odor of delight 
to Jehovah. 19 And ye shall offer one 
yearling goat for a sin offering, and 
two yearling lambs for a peace offer- 
ing. 20 And the priest shall wave them 
with the bread of the firstfruits as a 
wave offering before Jehovah, with the 
two lambs ; they shall be holy to Je- 
hovah for the priest. 21 And ye shall 
make proclamation on this selfsame 
day, there shall be a holy convocation 
to you j ye shall do no work of labor ; 
it shall be a perpetual statute in all 
your dwellings throughout all your 
generations. 

22 And when ye reap the harvest of 
your land, thou shalt not finish the 
corners of thy field when thou reapest, 
neither shalt thou gather up the glean- 
ings of thy harvest ; thou shalt leave 
them for the poor and for the sojourn- 
ers. I am Jehovah your God. 

23 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2i Speak to the sons of Israel, 
saying, In the seventh month, on the 
first day of the month, there shall be 
to you a sabbatical rest, a memorial 
of blowing of trumpets, a holy con- 
vocation. 25 Ye shall do no work of 
labor ; and ye shall offer a fire offering 
to Jehovah. 

26 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 2T Surely on the tenth of this 
month is the day of atonement : there 
shall be to you a holy convocation ; 
and ye shall afflict your souls, and of- 

. between the evenings. 



14S 



LEVITICUS XXIV 



fer a fire offering to Jehovah. 28 And 
ye shall do no work in this selfsame 
day ; for it is a day of atonement, to 
make atonement for you before Je- 
hovah your God. 29 For every soul 
that shall not be afflicted in this self- 
same day shall be cut off from among 
his people. :i0 And every soul that shall 
do any work in this selfsame day, I 
will destroy that soul from among his 
people. 3l Ye shall do no work ; it shall 
be a perpetual statute throughout your 
generations in all your dwellings. 4a It 
shall be to you a sabbatical rest, and ! 
ye shall afflict your souls. In the ninth I 
day of the month at evening, from ' 
evening to evening, ye shall celebrate \ 
your sabbath. 

33 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- ! 
ing, 34 Speak to the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, The fifteenth day of this seventh 
month shall be the feast of tabernacles 
for seven days to Jehovah. 35 On the 
first day a holy convocation, ye shall 
do no work of labor. :!6 Seven days 
ye shall offer a fire offering to Jehovah ; 
on the eighth day there shall be a holy 
convocation to you, and ye shall offer 
a fire offering to Jehovah ; it is a re- 
ligious assembly ; ye shall do no work 
of labor. 

37 These are the festivals of Jehovah 
which ye shall proclaim as holy con- 
vocations, to offer a fire offering to 
Jehovah ; burnt offering, and meal of- 
fering, sacrifice and libations, each on 
its own day ; 38 besides the sabbaths of 
Jehovah, and besides your gifts, and 
besides all your vows, and besides all 
your free will offerings, which ye shall 
give to Jehovah. 

39 Surely on the fifteenth day of the 
seventh month, when ye gather the 
increase of the land, ye shall celebrate 
the feast of Jehovah seven days ; on 
the first day a sabbatical rest, and on 
the eighth day a sabbatical rest. 40 Ye 



shall take to you on the first day fruit 
of beautiful trees, branches of palm 
trees, and boughs of thick trees and 
willows of the brook ; and ye shall re- 
joice before Jehovah your God seven 
days. 41 And ye shall celebrate it as 
a feast to Jehovah seven days in the 
year ; it shall be a perpetual statute 
throughout your generations ; ye shall 
celebrate it in the seventh month. 
42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days ; 
all that are home born in Israel shall 
dwell in booths \ 43 in order that your 
generations may know that I caused 
the sons of Israel to dwell in booths 
when I brought them out from the 
land of Egypt. I am Jehovah your 
God. 44 And Moses declared to the 
sons of Israel the festivals of Jehovah. 

CHAPTER XXIV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Command the sons of Israel that 
they bring to thee pure beaten olive 
oil for the light, to set up a lamp 
continually. 3 Outside the veil of the 
testimony, in the tent of meeting shal 1 
Aaron set it in order from evening to 
morning before Jehovah continually ; 
it shall be a perpetual statute through- 
out your generations. 4 Upon the pure 
lampstand he shall arrange the lamps 
before Jehovah continually. 

5 And thou shalt take fine flour and 
bake it in twelve cakes ; there shall be 
two tenths in each cake. 6 And thou 
shalt place them in two piles upon the 
pure table before Jehovah. 7 And 
thou shalt put upon each pile pure 
frankincense, that it may be to the 
bread for a memorial, a fire offering to 
Jehovah. * Each sabbath day he shall 
set it in order before Jehovah con- 
tinually, being taken from the sons 
of Israel by an everlasting covenant. 
9 And it shall be Aaron's and his 
sons' ; and they shall eat it in a holy 



Ver. 36. Religious assembly, the idea of the root is to close or restrain. 
149 



LEVITICUS XXV 



place ; for it is most holy to him 
from the fire offerings of Jehovah, a 
perpetual allowance. 

10 And there had come out in the 
midst of the sons of Israel the son of 
an Israelite woman, and he was the 
son of an Egyptian man, and the son 
of the Israelite woman and a man of 
the Israelites strove together in the 
camp ; " and the Israelite woman's 
son blasphemed the Name, and cursed. 
And they brought him to Moses. (And 
his mother's name was Shelomith, the 
daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan. ) 

12 And they put him in the ward, that 
it might be made clear to them con- 
cerning the decision of Jehovah. 

13 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, saying, 
u Take forth the one that cursed out- 
side the camp, and let all that heard 
him lean their hands upon his head, 
and let all the congregation stone him. 

15 And thou shalt speak to the sons 
of Israel, saying, When any man shall 
curse his God he shall bear his sin. 

16 And he that blasphemes the name 
of Jehovah shall surely be put to death, 
all the congregation shall certainly 
stone him ; the sojourner like the na- 
tive when he blasphemes the Name 
shall be put to death. 

17 And when a man shall smite the 
life of any man he shall surely be put 
to death. 18 And the one smiting the 
life of a beast shall make it good : a 
life for a life. 19 And when a man 
shall put a blemish in his neighbor ; 
as he has done, so shall it be done to 
him. 20 A breaking for a breaking ; 
an eye for an eye ; a tooth for a tooth ; 
as he shall put a blemish in a man, so 
shall it be put in him. 21 And the one 
that smites a beast shall make it good ; 
and the one that smites a man shall 
bh put to death. 22 Ye shall have one 
judgment, the sojourner shall be as the 
native 



23 And Moses spoke to the sons of 
Israel, and they took forth the one 
that had cursed to the outside of the 
camp, and they stoned him with 
stones. And the sons of Israel did 
as Jehovah commanded Moses. 

CHAPTER XXV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses in 
Mount Sinai, saying, 2 Speak to the 
sons of Israel, and say to them, When 
ye come into the land which I am go- 
ing to give to you, the land shall cel- 
ebrate a sabbath to Jehovah. 3 Six 
years thou shalt sow thy field, and six 
years thou shalt prune thy vineyard 
and gather in its increase; 4 and in 
the seventh year there shall be a sab- 
bath of sabbatical rest to the land, a 
sabbath to Jehovah ; thou shalt not 
sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. 
5 That which grows of itself of thy 
harvest thou shalt not reap, and the 
grapes of thy undressed vine thou shalt 
not gather ; a year of sabbatical rest it 
shall be to the land. * And the sab- 
bath of the land shall be for food for 
you : for thee, and for thy servant, 
and for thy maidservant, and for thy 
hired servant, and for thy sojourner, 
those sojourning with thee, 7 and for 
thy cattle, and for the beast that is in 
thy land, shall all its increase be to eat. 

8 And thou shalt count to thee seven 
sabbaths of years, seven years seven 
times ; and the days of the seven 
sabbaths of years shall be to thee 
forty-nine years. 9 And thou shalt 
cause the signal trumpet to sound on 
the tenth day of the seventh month, 
on the day of atonement ye shall 
cause the trumpet to sound through 
all your land. 10 And ye shall sanctify 
the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty 
in all the land to all the inhabitants 



thereof. It shall be a jubilee to you ; 
for I am Jehovah your God. and ye shall return each man to his 

25 : 10. Jubilee, Heb. root, to shout aloud, a rejoicing. 
I50 



LEVITICUS XXV 



possession, and each man to his family 
ye shall return. n A jubilee shall the 
fiftieth year be to you : ye shall not 
sow, and ye shall not reap that which 
grows of itself in it, nor gather of its 
undressed vines ; 12 for it is a jubilee \ 
it shall be holy to you ; from the field 
ye shall eat its increase. 13 In this 
year of jubilee ye shall return each 
man to his possession. u And when 
ye shall sell aught to thy neighbor, or 
buy from the hand of thy neighbor, 
do not oppress one another. I5 Ac- 
cording to the number of years after 
the jubilee shalt thou buy of thy 
neighbor, and according to the num- 
ber of years of increase he shall sell 
to thee. 16 According to the multi- 
tude of years thou shalt multiply its 
price, and according to the fewness of 
years thou shalt diminish its price, for 
the number of the crops he sells to 
thee. n And ye shall not oppress one 
another ; and thou shalt fear thy God ; 
for I am Jehovah your God. 

18 And ye shall do my ordinances, 
and keep my judgments and do them ; 
and ye shall dwell on the land securely. 
19 And the land shall yield its fruit, and 
ye shall eat to satisfaction, and ye shall 
dwell securely on it. 20 And when ye 
shall say, What shall we eat in the sev- 
enth year? behold, we are not to sow, 
nor gather in our increase. n Then I 
will command my blessing upon you in 
the sixth year, and it shall produce the 
increase for the three years. 22 And ye 
shall sow the eighth year ; and ye shall 
eat yet of the old increase until the 
ninth year, until its increase comes in 
ye shall eat of the old store. 

23 And the land shall not be sold in 
perpetuity ; for the land is mine ; for 
sojourners and dwellers are ye with 
me. 24 And in all the land of your 
possession ye shall grant a redemp- 
tion for the land. 



25 When thy brother becomes poor, 
and sells some of his possession, then 
his redeemer that is next of kin to 
him shall come and redeem that which 
his brother sold. 2r> And when a man 
has no redeemer, but his own hand 
has secured sufficient to redeem it j 

27 then let him compute the years of 
what he sold, and restore the surplus 
to the man to whom he sold it ; and 
he shall return to his possession. 

28 But if he cannot secure sufficient 
to restore it to him, then that which 
he sold shall remain in the hand of the 
one buying it until the year of jubilee ; 
and in the jubilee it shall go out, and 
he shall return to his possession. 

29 And when a man shall sell a dwell- 
ing house in a walled city, then its 
right of redemption shall exist until 
the completion of the year of its sale, 
a full year its right of redemption shall 
exist. 30 And if it is not redeemed by 
the completion of its full year, then 
the house that is in the walled city 
shall be established in perpetuity to 
the one that bought it throughout his 
generations ; it shall not go out in the 
jubilee. 31 But houses of the villages 
that have no walls round about them 
shall be reckoned as the fields of the 
country : their right of redemption 
shall remain, and they shall go out in 
the jubilee. 32 And as for the cities 
of the Levites, the houses of the cities 
of their possession, there shall exist 
a perpetual right of redemption to 
the Levites. 33 And when one of the 
Levites shall redeem, then the house 
in the city of his possession that was 
sold, shall go out in the jubilee ; for 
the houses of the cities of the Levites 
are their possession among the sons 
of Israel. 8 *But the pasture land of 
their cities shall not be sold ; for it is 
their perpetual possession. 

35 And when thy brother becomes 



Ver. 33. Or, When one shall redeem from the Levites. 
151 



LEVITICUS XXVI 



poor, and his band wavers with thee ; 
then thou shalt help him ; as a so- 
journer and a stranger he shall live 
with thee. 36 Do not take from him 
interest, or increase; but fear thy God, 
and let thy brother live with thee. 
"Thou shalt not give him thy money 
for interest, nor give him thy food for 
increase. M l am Jehovah your God, 
who brought you out from the land of 
Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, 
to be your God. 

39 And when thy brother with thee 
becomes poor, and is sold to thee ; 
thou shalt not impose upon him the 
service of a bondservant. 40 As a hired 
servant, and as a sojourner he shall 
be with thee, and shall serve thee un- 
til the year of jubilee ; 41 then he shall 
go out from thee, he and his children 
with him, and return to his own family, 
and to the possession of his fathers he 
shall return. Vl For they are my serv- 
ants whom I brought out from the land 
of Egypt ; they shall not be sold with 
the sale of a bondservant. 43 Thou 
shalt not rule over him with rigor, but 
shalt fear thy God. 44 And as for thy 
bondservants, and thy bondmaids that 
thou shalt have, of the nations that 
are round about you, from them ye 
shall buy bondservants and bond- 
maids. 45 And also of the sons of the 
strangers that sojourn among you, of 
them shall ye buy, and of their fami- 
lies that are with you, whom they shall 
have begotten in your land ; and they 
shall be to you for a possession. 4,i And 
ye shall take them as an inheritance 
for your sons after you, to hold as a 
possession ; for ever ye shall cause 
them to serve ; but your brethren the 
sons of Israel, ye shall not rule one 
another with rigor. 

47 And when a sojourner or a resi- 
dent with thee becomes rich, and thy 

Ver. 39. Hondservant. or slave. Ver. 47. 

Ver. , V) . |f hj be able, ll 



brother with him becomes poor, and 
sells himself to a sojourner, a resident 
with thee, or to the stock of the so- 
journer's family ; 48 after he is sold he 
shall have the right of redemption ; 
one of his brothers may redeem him, 
49 or his uncle, or his cousin may re- 
deem him, or any of his blood rela- 
tions of his family may redeem him ; 
or if he be able he may redeem him- 
self. 50 And he shall compute with 
the one that bought him from the year 
that he was sold to him to the year of 
jubilee ; and the price of his sale shall 
be according to the number of years, 
according to the days of a hired serv- 
ant shall he be with him. 51 If there 
are still many years, according to them 
he shall give back the price of his re- 
demption from the price of his pur- 
chase. 52 And if there remain but few 
years until the year of jubilee, then he 
shall compute with him, and accord- 
ing to his years he shall give back the 
price of his redemption. 53 As a serv- 
ant hired by the year he shall be with 
him ; he shall not rule him with rigor 
in thy sight. 

54 And if he be not redeemed by 
these, then he shall go out in the year 
of jubilee, he and his children with 
him. 55 For the sons of Israel are 
servants to me ; they are my servants 
whom I brought out from the land of 
Egypt. I am Jehovah your God. 

CHAPTER XXVI 

1 Ye shall not make for you idols, 
and a graven image or statue ye shall 
not set up for you, and a sculptured 
stone ye shall not place in your land, 
to prostrate yourselves to it ; for I am 
Jehovah your God. 2 Ye shall keep 
my sabbaths, and reverence my sanc- 
tuary. I am Jehovah. 3 If ye shall 
walk in my ordinances, and keep my 



r.ecomes rich, Heb., when his hand attains. 
his band has attained. 



152 



LEVITICUS XXVI 



commandments and do them ; 4 then 

I will give your rains in their season, 
and the land shall yield her increase, 
and the trees of the field shall yield 
their fruit. 5 And threshing shall 
reach for you to the vintage, ana the 
vintage shall reach to the sowing ; and 
ye shall eat your bread to satisfaction, 
and ye shall dwell securely in your 
land. 6 And I will give peace in the 
land, and ye shall lie down with no 
one making afraid ; and I will cause 
die evil beast to cease from the land, 
and the sword shall not pass through 
your land. 7 And ye shall pursue your 
enemies, and they shall fall before you 
by the sword. 8 And five of you shall 
chase a hundred, and a hundred of 
you shall chase ten thousand ; and 
your enemies shall fall before you by 
the sword. 9 And I will regard you, 
and make you fruitful, and multiply 
you, and establish my covenant with 
you. 10 And ye shall eat that which is 
stored up, and that which is stored up 
ye shall take out from before the new. 

II And I will place my tabernacle among 
you ; and my soul shall not abhor you. 
12 And I will walk among you, and will 
be your God, and ye shall be my peo- 
ple. u I am Jehovah your God, who 
Drought you out from the land of 
Egypt, that ye should not be bond- 
servants to them ; and I broke the 
bows of your yoke, and caused you to 
walk upright. 

14 But if ye shall not hearken to me, 
and shall not do all these command- 
ments ; 15 and if ye shall despise my 
ordinances, or if your soul shall abhor 
my judgments, so as not to do all my 
commandments, to break my cove- 
nant ; 16 also I will do this to you : I 
will even appoint over you terror, con- 
sumption, and burning fever, that con- 
sume the eyes, and cause the soul to 
pine away ; and ye shall sow your seed 
in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. 



17 And I will set my face against you, 
and ye shall be smitten before your 
enemies ; they that hate you shall sub- 
due you ; and ye shall flee when no 
one pursues you. 18 And if ye do not 
hearken to me through these things ; 
then I will continue to chasten you 
seven times for your sins. 19 And I 
will break your strong pride ; and I 
will make your heavens as iron, and 
your land as copper j 20 and your 
strength shall be spent in vain ; and 
your land shall not yield her increase, 
and the trees of the land shall not 
yield their fruit. 

21 And if ye walk contrary to me, 
and will not hearken to me ; I will 
continue to smite you seven times 
according to your sins. M And I will 
send against you the beast of the field, 
and it shall bereave you, and destroy 
your cattle and make you few in num- 
ber ; and your ways shall be desolate. 
23 And if by these things ye shall not 
be corrected by me, but walk contrary 
to me ; 2 * then will I also walk contrary 
to you, and I will smite you, even I, 
yet seven times for your sins. 25 And 
I will bring upon you a sword that 
shall avenge the covenant ; and ye 
shall be gathered into your cities, and 
I will send a pestilence into the midst 
of you ; and ye shall be delivered into 
the hand of the enemy. 2fi When I 
break your staff of bread, ten women 
shall bake your bread in one oven, 
and they shall return your bread by 
weight ; and ye shall eat but shall not 
be satisfied. 

27 And if by this ye shall not hearken 
to me, but walk contrary to me ; 28 then 
I will walk contrary to you also in 
wrath ; and I, even I, will chastise 
you seven times for your sins. w And 
ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and 
the flesh of your daughters ye shall 
eat. 30 And I will destroy your high 
places, and cut down your sun images, 



LEVITICUS XXVII 



and cast your corpses upon the corpses 
of your idols, and my soul shall abhor 
you. 31 And I will make your cities a 
desolation, and lay waste your sanc- 
tuaries, and I will not smell of your 
odor of delight. 32 And I myself will 
lay waste the land, and your enemies 
that shall dwell in it shall be aston- 
ished at it. 33 And you I will scatter 
among the nations, and will draw a 
sword after you ; and your land shall 
be a waste, and your cities a desola- 
tion. 34 Then shall the land enjoy her 
sabbaths, all the days it is laid waste 
and ye are in the land of your enemies ; 
then shall the land rest, and enjoy her 
sabbaths. 35 All the days it is laid 
waste it shall rest ; because it did not 
rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt 
on it. 36 And as for those that are left 
of you, I will send a timidity into their 
hearts in the land of their enemies ; 
and the sound of a shaken leaf shall 
chase them ; and they shall flee as 
fleeing from a sword ; and they shall 
fall when no one pursues. 37 And they 
shall stumble one upon another, as it 
were on account of a sword, when no 
one pursues ; and ye shall not have 
the power of standing before your 
enemies. 88 And ye shall perish among 
the nations, and the land of your en- 
emies shall devour you. 39 And those 
that are left of you shall pine away by 
their iniquities in the lands of your 
enemies ; and also by the iniquities 
of their fathers with them they shall 
pine away. *° And when they shall 
confess their iniquity and the iniquity 
of their fathers, (in their acting treach- 
erously against me, and also because 
they walked contrary to me, 41 and I 
walked contrary to them, and brought 
them into the land of their enemies ;) 
or if then their uncircumcised hearts 
be humbled, and they then accept 
of the punishment of their iniquity ; 



42 then will I remember my covenant 
with Jacob, and also my covenant with 
Isaac, and also my covenant with Abra- 
ham will I remember ; and I will re- 
member the land. 43 And the land 
shall be forsaken of them ; and shall 
enjoy her sabbaths, when it is laid 
waste without them j and they shall 
receive the punishment of their in- 
iquity ; because, even because they 
despised my judgments, and my ordi- 
nances their soul abhorred. 44 And 
yet even for this, when they are in the 
land of their enemies, I will not de- 
spise them, nor abhor them, to con- 
sume them, to break my covenant 
with them ; for I am Jehovah their 
God. 45 But I will for their sakes re- 
member the covenant of the first ones, 
whom I brought out from the land of 
Egypt in the sight of the nations, to 
be their God, I Jehovah. 

46 These are the ordinances and 
judgments and laws that Jehovah gave 
between him and the sons of Israel in 
mount Sinai by the hand of Moses. 

CHAPTER XXVII 

*And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, When a man will fulfill a 
vow according to thy estimate of per- 
sons for Jehovah ; 3 then thy estimate 
shall be in the case of a male from 
twenty years old to sixty years old, 
thy estimate shall be fifty shekels of 
silver, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuary. 4 And if it be a female, 
then thy estimate shall be thirty shek- 
els. 5 And if it be from five years old 
to twenty years old, then thy estimate 
for a male shall be twenty shekels, 
and for a female ten shekels. 6 And 
if it be from a month old to five years 
old, then thy estimate shall be for a 
male five shekels of silver, and for a 
female thy estimate shall be three 



Ver. 41. Accept of, etc., Heb., lit., and -they enjoy their punishment, i. <?., receive it gladly as just. 

154 



LEVITICUS XXVII 



shekels of silver. 7 And if it be from 
sixty years old and upwards ; if it be 
a male, then thy estimate shall be fif- 
teen shekels, and for a female ten 
shekels. 

8 But if he be too poor for thy esti- 
mate, then they shall place him before 
the priest, and the priest shall estimate 
him ; according to the ability of the 
one that vowed shall the priest esti- 
mate him. 

9 And if it be a beast from which 
they bring an oblation to Jehovah, all 
that one gives of it to Jehovah shall 
be holy. 10 He shall not alter it, nor 
change it, a good one for a bad one, 
or a bad one for a good one ; and if 
he does indeed exchange a beast for 
a beast, then it and the one exchanged 
shall be holy. " And if it be any un- 
clean beast from which they do not 
bring an oblation to Jehovah, then he 
shall place the beast before the priest j 
12 and the priest shall estimate it, dis- 
tinguishing between good and bad ; 
according to the estimate of the priest 
so shall it be. 1S But if he shall indeed 
redeem it, then he shall add a fifth to 
thy estimate. 

u And when a man shall sanctify his 
house to be holy to Jehovah, then the 
priest shall estimate it, distinguishing 
between good and bad ; as the priest 
shall estimate it, so shall it stand. 
15 And if the one sanctifying it shall 
redeem his house, then he shall add 
a fifth of the money of thy estimate to 
it, and it shall be his. 16 And if a man 
shall sanctify to Jehovah part of the 
land of his patrimony, then thy esti- 
mate shall be according to its sowing : 
the sowing of a homer of barley at 
fifty shekels of silver. " If he shall 
sanctify his land from the year of jubi- 
lee, at thy estimate it shall stand. 
18 And if he shall sanctify his land after 
the jubilee, then the priest shall com- 
pute to him the money according to 



the years that remain till' the year of 
the jubilee, and it shall be deducted 
from thy estimate. 19 And if the one 
sanctifying the land shall indeed re- 
deem it, then he shall add a fifth of 
the money of thy estimate to it, and 
it shall be established to him. 20 And 
if he does not redeem the land, or if 
he has sold the land to another man, 
it shall not be redeemed any more. 
21 But the land, when it goes out in 
the jubilee, shall be holy to Jehovah, 
as land that is devoted ; its patrimony 
shall be the priest's. 22 And if a man 
sanctify to Jehovah land that he has 
bought, which is not part of the land 
of his patrimony ; '*" then the priest 
shall compute for him the price of thy 
estimate to the year of jubilee ; and 
he shall give thy estimate on that day, 
a thing holy to Jehovah. 24 In the 
year of jubilee the land shall return 
to him from whom he bought it, to 
whom the patrimony of the land be- 
longed. 23 And all thy estimates shall 
be according to the shekels of the 
sanctuary : the shekel shall be twenty 
gerahs. 

"Only a firstling of the beasts, 
which is to be devoted as a firstling 
to Jehovah, a man shall not sanctify ; 
whether ox or sheep j it is Jehovah's. 
27 And if it be of the unclean beasts, 
then he shall redeem it at thy esti- 
mate, and shall add its fifth to it ; or 
if it be not redeemed, then it shall be 
sold at thy estimate. 28 Only, no de- 
voted thing that a man shall devote to 
Jehovah of all that he has, whether 
man or beast, or land of his patri- 
mony, shall be sold or redeemed ; 
every devoted thing is most holy to 
Jehovah. w No one devoted, who 
shall be devoted of men, shall be re- 
deemed ; he shall surely be put to 
death. 30 And all the tithe of the 
land, of the seed of the land, and of 
the fruit of the trees, is Jehovah's. 



155 



NUMBERS I 



81 And if a man shall indeed redeem 
any of his tithes, he shall add its fifth 
tu it. :i2 And all the tithe of the herd, 
or of the flock, of all that passes 
under the rod, the tenth shall be holy 
to Jehovah. 33 He shall not search 
whether it is a good one or a bad 



one, nor shall he exchange it ; and if 
he does indeed exchange it, then both 
it and the one exchanged shall be 
holy ; it shall not be redeemed. 

34 These are the commandments 
that Jehovah commanded Moses for 
the sons of Israel in mount Sinai. 



NUMBERS 



CHAPTER I 

*And Jehovah spoke to Moses in 
the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of 
meeting, on the first day of the second 
month, in the second year of their 
going forth from the land of Egypt, 
saying, 2 Take ye the sum of all the 
congregation of the sons of Israel, ac- 
cording to their families, according to 
their fathers' houses, the number of 
names, all the males, according to 
their polls ; 3 from twenty years old 
and upwards, every one that can go out 
to war in Israel ; ye shall enroll them 
according to their hosts, thou and 
Aaron. 4 And there shall be with you 
a man for each tribe, a man that is 
head of his fathers' house. 

5 And these are the names of the 
men that shall stand with you : for 
Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur ; 
6 for Simeon, Shelumiel the son Zu- 
rishaddai ; 7 for Judah, Nashon the 
son of Amminadab ; 8 for Issachar, Ne- 
thaneel the son of Zuar ; B for Zebu- 
lun, Eliab the son of Helon ; 10 for 
the sons of Joseph : for Ephraim, 
Elishama the son of Ammihud ; for 
Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pe- 



dahzur ; " for Benjamin, Abidan the 
son of Gideoni ; 12 for Dan, Ahiezer 
the son of Ammishaddai ; 13 for Asher, 
Pagiel the son of Ocran ; u for Gad, 
Eliasaph the son of Deuel ; 15 for 
Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 
16 These are the renowned of the con- 
gregation, princes of the tribes of their 
fathers, heads of the thousands of 
Israel. 

17 And Moses and Aaron took these 
men who had been designated by 
name ; 18 and they assembled all the 
congregation together on the first day 
of the second month ; and they gave 
their descent according to their fami- 
lies, according to their fathers' houses, 
the number of names, from twenty 
years old and upward, according to 
their polls. 19 As Jehovah commanded 
Moses so he enrolled them in the 
wilderness of Sinai. 

20 And there were of the sons of Reu- 
ben the firstborn of Israel, their de- 
scendants, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' houses, the 
number of names, according to their 
polls, all the males from twenty years 
old and upward, every one that could 
go out to war, 21 those enrolled of the 



Ver. 4. Fathers' house, a division of a tribe, including families. Ver. 16. Renowned, or called to 

councils ; He!.., called princes : lleb., exalted. Thousands, a division of a tribe. 

Ver. 20. Descendants, or generations. 



NUMBERS I 



tribe of Reuben were forty-six thou- of names, from twenty years old and 



sand and five hundred. 

- Of the sons of Simeon, their de- 
scendants, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' houses, 
those enrolled of them, the number of 
names, according to their polls, all 
the males from twenty years old and 
upward, every one that could go out 
to war, 23 those enrolled of the tribe of 
Simeon were fifty-nine thousand and 
three hundred. 

24 Of the sons of Gad, their descend- 
ants, according to their families, ac- 
cording to their fathers' houses, the 
number of names, from twenty years 
old and upward, every one that could 
go out to war, 25 those enrolled of the 
tribe of Gad were forty- five thousand 
six hundred and fifty. 

26 Of the sons of Judah, their de- 
scendants, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' houses, 
the number of names, from twenty 
years old and upward, every one that 
could go out to war, 27 those enrolled 
of the tribe of Judah were seventy- 
four thousand and six hundred. 

28 Of the sons of Issachar, their de- 
scendants, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' houses, the 
number of names, from twenty years 
old and upward, every one that could 
go out to war, 29 those enrolled of the 
tribe of Issachar were fifty-four thou- 
sand and four hundred. 

30 Of the sons of Zebulun, their de- 
scendants, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' houses, the 
number of names, from twenty years 
old and upward, every one that could 
go out to war, 31 those enrolled of the 
tribe of Zebulun were fifty -seven 
thousand and four hundred. 

32 Of the sons of Joseph : of the 
sons of Ephraim, their descendants, 
according to their families, according 
to their fathers' houses, the number 



upward, every one that could go out 
to war, 33 those enrolled of the tribe of 
Ephraim were forty thousand and five 
hundred. 

34 Of the sons of Manasseh, their de- 
scendants, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' houses, the 
number of names, from twenty years 
old and upward, every one that could 
go out to war, 35 those enrolled of the 
tribe of Manasseh were thirty-two 
thousand and two hundred. 

36 Of the sons of Benjamin, their 
descendants, according to their fami- 
lies, according to their fathers' houses, 
the number of names, from twenty 
years old and upward, every one that 
could go out to war, " those enrolled 
of the tribe of Benjamin were thirty- 
five thousand and four hundred. 

38 Of the sons of Dan, their descend- 
ants, according to their families, ac- 
cording to their fathers' houses, the 
number of names, from twenty years 
old and upward, every one that could 
go out to war, 39 those enrolled of the 
tribe of Dan were sixty-two thousand 
and seven hundred. 

40 Of the sons of Asher, their de- 
scendants, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' houses, the 
number of names, from twenty years 
old and upward, every one that could 
go out to war, 41 those enrolled of the 
tribe of Asher were forty-one thousand 
and five hundred. 

42 Of the sons of Naphtali, their 
descendants, according to their fami- 
lies, according to their fathers' houses, 
the number of names, from twenty 
years old and upward, every one that 
could go out to war, 43 those enrolled 
of the tribe of Naphtali were fifty-three 
thousand and four hundred. 

44 These are the enrolled whom 
Moses enrolled, and Aaron and the 
princes of Israel, the twelve men, a 

HI 



NUMBERS II 



man for each fathers' house. * 5 And 
all the enrolled of the sons of Israel, 
according to their fathers' houses, 
from twenty years old and upward, all 
that could go out to war in Israel, 
40 all that were enrolled were six hun- 
dred and three thousand and five hun- 
dred and fifty. 

i7 But the Levites according to the 
tribe of their fathers were not enrolled 
among them. 

48 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 49 Surely the tribe of Levi thou 
shalt not enroll, nor take their sum 
among the sons of Israel ; M but thou 
shalt appoint the Levites over the 
tabernacle of the testimony, and over 
all its utensils, and over all the things 
that belong to it; they shall carry the 
tabernacle and all its utensils; and 
they shall minister to it, and shall en- 
camp round about the tabernacle. 
51 And when the tabernacle journeys 
the Levites shall take it down; and 
when the tabernacle encamps, the 
Levites shall set it up. And the out- 
sider that comes near shall be put to 
death. 52 And the sons of Israel shall 
encamp each by his own camp, and 
each by his own standard, throughout 
their hosts. 53 But the Levites shall 
encamp round about the tabernacle of 
the testimony, that there may not be 
a breaking forth of wrath upon the 
congregation of the sons of Israel. 
And the Levites shall keep the charge 
of the tabernacle of the testimony. 

64 And the sons of Israel did accord- 
ing to all that Jehovah commanded 
Moses, so did they. 

CHAPTER II 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, and 
to Aaron, saying, * The sons of Israel 
shall encamp each by his own stand- 
ard, by the ensign of their fathers' 
houses; opposite the tent of meeting 

Ver. 51. Journeys, Heb., to break camp, pull up stake 

158 



round about shall they encamp. 3 And 
those encamping on the east toward 
the sunrise shall be the standard of 
the camp of Judah according to their 
hosts; and as prince to the sons of 
Judah shall be Nashon the son of 
Amminadab. * And his host, those 
enrolled of them, were seventy-four 
thousand and six hundred. 6 And 
those encamping by him shall be the 
tribe of Issachar; and as prince to the 
sons of Issachar shall be Nethaneel 
the son of Zuar; 6 and his host, those 
enrolled of it, were fifty-four thousand 
and four hundred; 7 the tribe of Zebu- 
lun; and as prince to the sons of 
Zebulun shall be Eliab the son of 
Helon; 8 and his host, those enrolled 
of it, were fifty-seven thousand and 
four hundred. 9 All the enrolled be- 
longing to the camp of Judah were a 
hundred and eighty-six thousand and 
four hundred, according to their hosts. 
These shall break camp first. 

10 The standard of the camp of Reu- 
ben on the south, according to their 
hosts; and as prince to the sons of 
Reuben shall be Elizur the son of 
Shedeur. n And those that were en- 
rolled of his host were forty-six thou- 
sand and five hundred. 12 And those 
encamping by him shall be the tribe 
of Simeon; and as prince to the sons 
of Simeon shall be Shelumiel the son 
of Zurishaddai. " And the enrolled 
of his host were fifty-nine thousand 
and three hundred; 14 the tribe of 
Gad; and as prince to the sons of Gad 
shall be Eliasaph the son of Reuel; 
15 and the enrolled of his host were 
forty-five thousand and six hundred 
and fifty. u All the enrolled belong- 
ing to the camp of Reuben were a 
hundred and fifty-one thousand four 
hundred and fifty, according to their 
hosts. And they shall break camp 
second. 



Ver. 53. Charge, Heb., keeping. 



NUMBERS III 



17 Then the tent of meeting with 
the camp of the Levites shall jour- 
ney in the midst of the camps ; as 
they encamp so shall they journey, 
each in his place according to their 
standards. 

18 The standard of the camp of 
Ephraim, according to their hosts, on 
the west; and as prince to the sons of 
Ephraim shall be Elishama the son of 
Ammihud; 19 and the enrolled of his 
host were forty thousand and five hun- 
dred; 20 and by him the tribe of Manas- 
seh; and as prince to the sons of 
Manasseh shall be Gamaliel the son of 
Pedahzur; n and the enrolled of his 
host were thirty-two thousand and two 
hundred; "and the tribe of Benja- 
min; and as prince to the sons of 
Benjamin shall be Abidan the son of 
Gideoni; M and the enrolled of his host 
were thirty-five thousand and four 
hundred. ' H All the enrolled belong- 
ing to the camp of Ephraim were a 
hundred and eight thousand and one 
hundred, according to their hosts. 
These shall break camp third. 

25 The standard of the camp of Dan 
on the north, according to their hosts; 
and as prince to the sons of Dan shall 
be Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; 
36 and the enrolled of his host were 
sixty-two thousand and seven hundred; 
27 and those encamping by him shall 
be the tribe of Asher; and as prince 
to the sons of Asher shall be Pagiel 
the son of Ocran; 28 and the enrolled 
of his host were forty-one thousand 
and five hundred; 29 and the tribe of 
Naphtali; and as prince to the sons of 
Naphtali shall be Ahira the son of 
Enan; 30 and the enrolled of his host 
were fifty-three thousand and four 
hundred. 31 All the enrolled belong- 
' ing to the camp of Dan were a hun- 
dred and fifty-seven thousand and six 



hundred. These shall break camp 
last, according to their standards. 

32 These were the enrolled of the 
sons of Israel according to their fathers' 
houses: all of the enrolled of the 
camps, according to their hosts, were 
six hundred and three thousand and 
five hundred and fifty. 33 But the 
Levites were not enrolled among the 
sons of Israel; as Jehovah commanded 
Moses. 3 * And the sons of Israel did 
according to all that Jehovah com- 
manded Moses: thus they encamped 
according to their standards, and thus 
they broke camp, each according to 
their families, according to their 
fathers' houses. 

CHAPTER III 

1 And these are the generations of 
Aaron and Moses, in the day that Je- 
hovah spoke with Moses in mount Si- 
nai. 2 And these are the names of the 
sons of Aaron: Nadab the firstborn, 
and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. 
'These are the names of the sons of 
Aaron, the anointed priests whom he 
consecrated to act as priests. 4 And 
Nadab and Abihu died before Je- 
hovah when they offered strange fire 
before Jehovah, in the wilderness of 
Sinai, and they had no children ; and 
Eleazar and Ithamar acted as priests 
in the sight of Aaron their father. 

5 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 6 Bring near the tribe of Levi, and 
cause them to stand before Aaron the 
priest, that they may minister to him. 
7 And they shall keep his charge, and 
the charge of all the congregation be- 
fore the tent of meeting, to do the 
service of the tabernacle. 8 And they 
shall keep all the utensils of the tent 
of meeting, and the charge of the sons 
of Israel, to do the service of the tab- 
ernacle. 9 And thou shalt give the 



Ver. i. Generations, or descendants. Ver. 3. Whom he consecrated, Heb., whose hand he filled. 

Ver. 4. Strange fire, outside, another kind. 



159 



NUMBERS III 



Levites to Aaron and to his sons : they 
are wholly given to him from the sons 
of Israel. 10 And thou shalt appoint 
Aaron and his sons, and they shall 
keep their priesthood j and the out- 
sider that comes near shall be put 
to death. 

11 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, " As for me, behold, I have taken 
the Levites from among the sons of Is- 
rael instead of every firstborn that 
opens the womb among the sons of 
Israel ; and the Levites shall be mine ; 
13 because every firstborn is mine. On 
the day that I smote every firstborn in 
the land of Egypt, I sanctified to my- 
self every firstborn in Israel, both 
man and beast j they are mine. I 
am Jehovah. 

u And Jehovah spoke to Moses in 
the wilderness of Sinai, saying, ^En- 
roll the sons of Levi, according to their 
fathers' houses, according to their 
families ; every male from a month 
old and upward shalt thou enroll them. 
16 And Moses enrolled them accord- 
ing to the word of Jehovah, as he was 
commanded. 

17 And these were the sons of Levi 
by their names : Gershon, and Kohath 
and Merari. 18 And these are the 
names of the sons of Gershon, accord- 
ing to their families : Libni and Shimei. 
19 And the sons of Kohath, according 
to their families : Amram, and Izehar, 
Hebron and Uzziel. 20 And the sons 
of Merari, according to their families : 
Mahli and Mushi. These are the 
families of the Levites according to 
their fathers' houses. 

21 Belonging to Gershon was the 
family of the Libnites and the family 
of the Shimites ; these are the families 
of the Gershon ites. 22 Those enrolled 
of them, the number of all the males, 
from a month old and upward, those 
enrolled of them were seven thousand 
and five hundred. 23 The families of 



the Gershonites encamped behind the 
tabernacle on the west. 24 And as 
prince of a fathers' house to the Ger- 
shonites was Eliasaph the son of Lael. 
25 And the charge of the sons of Ger- 
shon in the tent of meeting was the 
tabernacle, and the tent, its covering, 
and the screen at the doorway of the 
tent of meeting, 26 and the hangings of 
the court, and the screen at the door- 
way of the court, which is by the tab- 
ernacle, and by the altar round about, 
and its cords for all its service. 

27 And belonging to Kohath was the 
family of the Amramites, and the fam- 
ily of the Izeharites. and the family of 
the Hebronites, and the family of the 
Uzzielites : these are the families of 
the Kohathites, 28 the number of all the 
males, from a month old and upward, 
eight thousand and six hundred, keep- 
ers of the charge of the sanctuary. 
29 The families of the sons of Kohath 
encamped at the side of the taber- 
nacle on the south. 30 And as prince 
of a fathers' house to the families of 
the Kohathites was Elizaphan the son 
of Uzziel. 31 And their charge was the 
ark, and the table, and the lampstand, 
and the altars, and the utensils of the 
sanctuary with which they minister, 
and the screen, and all its service. 
32 And as prince of the princes of 
the Levites was Eleazar the son of 
Aaron, the priest, having the over- 
sight of those keeping the charge of 
the sanctuary. 

33 Belonging to Merari was the fam- 
ily of the Mahli tes, and the family of 
the Mushites; these are the families 
of Merari. 34 And those enrolled of 
them, the number of all the males from 
a month old and upward, were six 
thousand and two hundred. 35 And 
as prince of a fathers' house to the 
families of Merari was Zuriel the son 
of Abihail. They encamped at the 
side of the tabernacle on the north. 



160 



NUMBERS IV 



46 And the appointed charge of the sons 
of Merari was the boards of the tab- 
ernacle, and its bars, and its pillars, 
and its sockets, and all its utensils, 
and all its service, :i7 and the pillars of 
the court round about, and their sock- 
ets, and their pins and their cords. 

38 And those encamping before the 
tabernacle on the east, before the tent 
of meeting, toward the sunrise, were 
Moses, and Aaron and his sons ; they 
were keeping the charge of the sanc- 
tuary for the charge of the sons of Is- 
rael. And the stranger that comes 
near shall be put to death. w All the 
enrolled of the Levites whom Moses 
and Aaron enrolled at the command 
of Jehovah, according to their families, 
all the males from a month old and 
upward, were twenty-two thousand. 

*° And Jehovah said to Moses, En- 
roll every firstborn male of the sons of 
Israel from a month old and upward, 
and take the number of their names. 
41 And thou shalt take the Levites for 
me (I am Jehovah) instead of every 
firstborn among the sons of Israel ; 
and the cattie of the Levites instead 
of every firstling among the cattle of 
the sons of Israel. * 2 And Moses en- 
rolled as Jehovah commanded him 
every firstborn among the sons of Is- 
rael. 43 And all the firstborn males, 
the number of names, from a month 
old and upward, of those enrolled of 
them, were twenty-two thousand two 
hundred and seventy-three. 

44 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 45 Take the Levites instead of all 
the firstborn among the sons of Israel, 
and the cattle of the Levites instead of 
their cattle ; and the Levites shall be 
mine, I am Jehovah. 4fi And for the 
redemption of the two hundred and 
seventy-three of the firstborn of the 
sons of Israel that are in excess of the 



Levites, 47 thou shalt take five shekels 
for each poll, according to the shekel 
of the sanctuary shalt thou take them ; 
(the shekel is twenty gerahs ;) 48 and 
thou shalt give the money, the redemp- 
tion of those in excess of them, to 
Aaron and to his sons. 49 And Moses 
took the redemption money from those 
that were in excess of them that were 
redeemed by the Levites ; 50 from the 
firstborn of the sons of Israel took he 
the money : one thousand three hun- 
dred and sixty-five shekels, according 
to the shekel of the sanctuary ; 51 and 
Moses gave the money of them that 
were redeemed to Aaron and to his 
sons, according to the word of Jeho- 
vah, as Jehovah commanded Moses. 

CHAPTER IV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
to Aaron, saying, 'Take the sum of 
the sons of Kohath from among the 
sons of Levi, according to their fami- 
lies, according to their fathers' houses, 
3 from thirty years old and upward to 
fifty years old, every one that can enter 
into the service, to do the work in the 
tent of meeting. 4 This shall be the 
service of the sons of Kohath in the 
tent of meeting : the most holy things. 
5 And when they break camp, Aaron 
and his sons shall go in and take down 
the veil of the screen, and cover the 
ark of the testimony with it; 6 and 
they shall place on it the covering of 
sealskin, and shall spread over it a cloth 
wholly of blue, and shall place its staves. 
7 And upon the table of shewbread they 
shall spread a cloth of blue, and put 
on it the dishes, and the pans, and the 
bowls, and the libation cups ; and the 
continual bread shall be on it ; 8 and 
they shall spread over them a cloth of 
scarlet, and cover that with a covering 
of sealskin, and shall place its staves. 



Ver. 41. I am Jehovah, or, for me Jehovah. Cattle, beasts. 

Ver. 7. Shewbread, Heb., face or presence. 

l6l 



NUMBERS IV 



9 And they shall take a cloth of blue, 
and cover the lampstand of the light, 
and its lamps, and its tongs, and its 
snuff-dishes, and all its oil utensils 
with which they minister to it ; 10 and 
they shall put it and all its utensils 
within a covering of sealskin, and put 
it upon the frame. u And over the 
golden altar they shall spread a cloth 
of blue, and cover that with a covering 
of sealskin, and place its staves. 12 And 
they shall take all the utensils of min- 
istry, with which they minister in the 
sanctuary, and put them in a cloth of 
blue, and cover them with a covering 
of sealskin, and put them on the frame. 
' 3 And they shall cleanse the altar of 
ashes, and spread over it a cloth of 
purple i u and they shall put upon it 
all its utensils with which they minister 
at it : the censers, the fleshhooks, and 
the shovels, and the basins, all the 
utensils of the altar ; and they shall 
spread over it a covering of sealskin, 
and place its staves. 15 And Aaron 
and his sons shall finish covering the 
sanctuary, and all the utensils of the 
sanctuary, when they break camp; and 
afterwards the sons of Kohath shall go 
in to carry them, and they shall not 
touch the holy things, lest they die. 
These things are the burden of the 
sons of Kohath in the tent of meeting. 

16 And Eleazar the son of Aaron the 
priest shall have the oversight of the 
oil for the light, and the incense of 
spices, and the continual meal offering, 
and the anointing oil, the oversight of 
all the tabernacle, and of all that is in 
it, both sanctuary and its utensils. 

17 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
to Aaron, saying, 18 Do not cut off the 
tribe of the families of the Kohathites 
from among the Levites ; 19 but this 
do for tli em, that they may live and 
not die when they approach the most 
holy things ; Aaron and his sons shall 
go in, and appoint each man to his 



service and to his burden ; 20 and let 
them not go in and see the holy things 
for an instant, and die. 

21 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 22 Take also the sum of the sons of 
Gershon, according to their fathers' 
houses, according to their families ; 
23 from thirty years old and upward to 
fifty years old thou shalt enroll them, 
every one that can enter in to perform 
the service, to do the work in the tent 
of meeting. 2i This is the service of 
the families of the Gershonites, in re- 
spect to serving, and in respect to bur- 
dens : 25 they shall carry the curtains of 
the tabernacle, and the tent of meet- 
ing, its covering, and the covering of 
sealskin that is on it above, and the 
screen for the doorway of the tent of 
meeting, 26 and the hangings of the 
court, and the screen for the doorway 
of the gate of the court, which is by 
the tabernacle and by the altar round 
about, and their cords, and all the 
utensils of their service, and all that is 
made for them j so shall they serve. 
27 According to the appointment of 
Aaron and his sons shall be all the 
service of the sons of the Gershonites, 
in respect to all their burdens and all 
their service ; and ye shall appoint to 
thern in charge all their burdens. 28 This 
is the service of the families of the sons 
of the Gershonites in the tent of meet- 
ing ; and their charge shall be under 
the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron 
the priest. 

29 As for the sons of Merari, thou 
shalt enroll them according to their 
families, according to their fathers' 
houses, 30 from thirty years old and up- 
ward to fifty years old thou shalt enroll 
them, every one that can enter into 
the service, to do the work of the ten 
of meeting. 31 And this is the char 
of their burden, in respect to all thei: 
service in the tent of meeting : th 
boards of the tabernacle, and its bars, 



162 



NUMBERS V 



and its pillars, and its sockets, 32 and 
the pillars of the court round about, 
and their sockets, and their pins, and 
their cords, with respect to all their 
utensils, and with respect to all their 
service ; and by name ye shall appoint 
the utensils of the charge of their bur- 
den. a3 This is the service of the fami- 
lies of the sons of Merari, according 
to all their service in the tent of meet- 
ing under the hand of Ithamar the son 
of Aaron the priest. 

"And Moses and Aaron and the 
princes of the congregation enrolled 
the sons of the Kohathites according 
to their families, and according to 
their fathers' house, 35 from thirty 
years old and upward to fifty years 
old, every one that could enter into 
the service, for the work in the tent 
of meeting. 36 And those that were 
enrolled of them, according to their 
families, were two thousand seven 

i hundred and fifty. 37 These were the 
enrolled of the families of the Ko- 

! hathites, all those serving in the tent 
of meeting, whom Moses and Aaron 

[ enrolled according to the command 
of Jehovah by the hand of Moses. 

38 And the enrolled of the sons of 
Gershon, according to their families, 
according to their fathers' house, 

39 from thirty years old and upward to 
fifty years old, every one that could 
enter into the service, for the work in 
the tent of meeting, *° even those that 
were enrolled of them, according to 
their families, according to their fa- 

i thers' house, were two thousand and 

I six hundred and thirty. "These were 
the enrolled of the families of the sons 
of Gershon, all those serving in the 

[tent of meeting, whom Moses and 
Aaron enrolled according to the com- 
mand of Jehovah. 

42 And the enrolled of the families 

: of the sons of Merari, according to 

Ver. 49. Enrolled things, L e,, of the tabernacle, assigned to him. 

163 



their families, according to their fa- 
thers' house, * 3 from thirty years old 
and upward to fifty years old, every 
one that could enter into the service, 
for the work in the tent of meeting, 
u even those that were enrolled of 
them, according to their families, 
were three thousand and two hun- 
dred. 45 These were the enrolled of 
the families of the sons of Merari, 
whom Moses and Aaron enrolled ac- 
cording to the command of Jehovah 
by the hand of Moses. 

46 All of the enrolled of the Levites, 
whom Moses and Aaron and the 
princes of Israel enrolled, according 
to their families, and according to 
their fathers' houses, 47 from thirty 
years old and upward to fifty years 
old, every one that could enter in to 
do the work of the service, and the 
work of the burdens in the tent of 
meeting, ** even those that were en- 
rolled of them were eight thousand 
and five hundred and eighty. 49 Ac- 
cording to the command of Jehovah 
they enrolled them by the hand of 
Moses, each man according to his 
service, and according to his burden, 
and his enrolled things, as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 



CHAPTER V 

*And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 2 Command the sons of Israel 
that they send out of the camp every 
leper, and every one that has a flow- 
ing, and every one that is unclean for 
one dead. 3 Both male and female 
ye shall send out, outside the camp ye 
shall send them ; that they may not 
make unclean their camps, in the 
midst of which I am dwelling. 4 And 
the sons of Israel did so ; and they 
sent them outside the camp ; as Je- 
hovah spoke to Moses, so did the sons 
of Israel. 

Ver. 2. One dead, Heb., a life._ 



NUMBERS V 



5 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, * Speak to the sons of Israel, 
When a man or woman shall commit 
any of the sins of men, to deal treach- 
erously with Jehovah, and that person 
be guilty ; ' then they shall confess 
their sin which they have done ; and 
he shall restore his trespass in full, 
and its fifth he shall add to it, and 
give it to him against whom he has 
trespassed. 8 But if the man have no 
redeemer to whom the trespass may 
be restored ; the trespass that is re- 
stored to Jehovah shall be the priest's ; 
besides the ram of the atonement by 
which he makes atonement for him. 

9 And every heave offering of all the 
holy things of the sons of Israel, which 
they bring to the priest, shall be his. 
J0 And a man's holy things shall be 
his : whatever any man gives to the 
priest shall be his. 

"And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, " Speak to the sons of Israel, 
and say to them, When any man's 
wife goes aside and deals treacherously 
with him, 13 and a man lies with her 
carnally, and it is hid from the eyes 
of her husband, and is kept close, and 
she is made unclean, and there is no 
witness against her, and she was not 
caught in the act j u and the spirit of 
jealousy comes upon him, and he is 
jealous of his wife, and she is become 
unclean j or if the spirit of jealousy 
comes upon him, and he is jealous of 
his wife, and she has not become un- 
clean ; 15 then the man shall bring his 
wife to the priest, and he shall bring 
her oblation for her, the tenth of an 
ephah of barley meal ; he shall not 
pour oil upon it nor put frankincense 
upon it ; for it is a meal offering of 
jealousy, a meal offering of memorial, 
bringing iniquity to remembrance. 
16 And the priest shall bring her near, 
and stand her before Jehovah. "And 
the priest shall take holy water in an 



earthen vessel ; and some of the dust 
that is on the floor of the tabernacle 
the priest shall take, and put it into 
the water. 18 And the priest shall 
stand the woman before Jehovah, and 
loosen the woman's hair, and place 
the meal offering of memorial on her 
hands, which is the meal offering of 
jealousy ; and the priest shall have in 
his hand the water of bitterness that 
causes the curse. 19 And the priest 
shall cause her to swear ; and shall 
say to the woman, If a man has not 
lain with thee, and if thou hast not 
gone aside to uncleanness while being 
under thy husband, be thou free from 
this water of bitterness that causes the 
curse. 20 But if thou hast gone aside 
while being under thy husband, and 
if thou hast become unclean, and 
some man has lain with thee besides 
thy husband ; 21 then the priest shall 
cause the woman to swear with an 
oath of cursing ; and the priest shall 
say to the woman, Jehovah make thee 
a curse and an oath among thy peo-i 
pie, when Jehovah makes thy thigh tc 
fall away and thy belly to swell ; "and 
this water that causes the curse shal 
go into thy bowels, to make thy belh| 
to swell, and thy thigh to fall awayj 
And the woman shall say, Amen 
amen. 23 And the priest shall wrid 
these curses in a book, and he shall 
wash them out into the water of bit 
terness ; 2i and he shall cause thj 
woman to drink the water of bittei 
ness that causes the curse ; and th 
water that causes the curse shall ent( 
into her for bitterness. 25 Then th 
priest shall take the meal offering 
jealousy out of the woman's ham 
and shall wave the meal offering bt 
fore Jehovah, and offer it upon tl 
altar ; 26 and the priest shall take 
handful from the meal offering, 
memorial, and burn it on the alta! 
and afterwards he shall cause 



164 



NUMBERS VI 



woman to drink the water. 27 And 
when he has caused her to drink the 
water, then it shall come to pass, that 
if she has become unclean, and has 
dealt treacherously with her husband, 
the water that causes the curse shall 
enter into her for bitterness, and her 
belly shall swell, and her thigh shall 
fall away ; and the woman shall be- 
come a curse among her people. 
"And if the woman has not become 
unclean, but is clean ; then she shall 
be free, and shall conceive seed. 
29 This is the law of jealousy, when a 
wife goes aside while being under her 
husband, and becomes unclean ; 30 or 
when the spirit of jealousy comes upon 
a man, and he is jealous of his wife ; 
then shall he stand the woman before 
Jehovah, and the priest shall execute 
upon her all this law. 31 And the man 
shall be free from iniquity ; and that 
woman shall bear her iniquity. 

CHAPTER VI 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing. 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, When a man or a woman 
shall make a special vow, a vow of a 
Nazi rite, to separate himself to Jeho- 
vah : 3 he shall separate himself from 
wine and strong drink, and shall drink 
no vinegar of wine, nor vinegar of 
strong drink, neither shall he drink 
any liquor of grapes, nor eat grapes, 
fresh or dried. * All the days of his 
separation shall he eat nothing that is 
made from the wine vine, from the 
seeds to the skin. 5 All the days of 
his vow of separation a razor shall not 
come upon his head ; until the com- 
pletion of the days that he separates 
himself to Jehovah he shall be holy, 
, he shall let the locks of the hair of his 
head grow. 6 All the days of his 
separating himself to Jehovah he shall 
not come in to a dead person. 7 He 



shall not make himself unclean for his 
father, or for his mother, or for his 
brother, or for his sister, when they 
die ; because the consecration of his 
God is upon his head. 8 All the days 
of his separation he shall be holy to Je- 
hovah. a And when one shall die very 
suddenly by him, and he shall make 
unclean his consecrated head ; then 
he shall shave his head on the day of 
his cleansing, on the seventh day shall 
he shave it. 10 And on the eighth 
day he shall bring two turtledoves, or 
two young pigeons, to the priest, to 
the doorway of the tent of meeting; 
11 and the priest shall offer one for a 
sin offering, and one for a burnt offer- 
ing, and make atonement for him, be- 
cause he sinned in reference to the 
dead, and he shall sanctify his head 
on that day. 12 And he shall sepa- 
rate to Jehovah the days of his separa- 
tion, and he shall bring a yearling 
lamb for a trespass offering; and the 
first days shall fall ; because his sepa- 
ration was made unclean. 

18 And this is the law of the Nazirite : 
on the day of the completion of his 
separation, he shall be brought to the 
doorway of the tent of meeting ; u and 
he shall bring his oblation to Jehovah : 
one yearling he-lamb without blemish 
for a burnt offering, and one yearling 
ewe lamb without blemish for a sin 
offering, and one ram without blemish 
for a peace offering, 15 and a basket of 
unleavened bread, cakes of fine flour 
poured over with oil, and unleavened 
wafers anointed with oil, and their 
meal offering and their drink offerings. 
16 And the priest shall bring them be- 
fore Jehovah, and shall offer his sin 
offering and his burnt offering ; 17 and 
he shall offer the ram as a peace offer- 
ing to Jehovah, with the basket of 
unleavened bread ; and the priest shall 
offer his meal offering and his drink 



Ver. 2. Nazirite, Meb., separated. 

' 6 S 



NUMBERS VII 






offering. 18 And the Nazirite shall 
shave his separation head at the door- 
way of the tent of meeting, and he 
shall take the hair of his separation 
head, and put it in the fire that is 
under the peace offering. I9 And the 
priest shall take the boiled shoulder 
of the ram, and one unleavened cake 
out of the basket, and one unleavened 
wafer, and shall put them upon the 
hands of the Nazirite, after he has 
shaved his separation head ; 20 and the 
priest shall wave them for a wave offer- 
ing before Jehovah. This shall be a 
holy thing for the priest together with 
the breast of the wave offering, and 
the shoulder of the heave offering. 
And afterwards the Nazirite may drink 
wine. 21 This is the law of the Nazi- 
rite who shall make a vow, his obla- 
tion to Jehovah for his separation, 
besides that which he is able to get, 
according to the vow which he shall 
vow, thus he shall do according to the 
law of his separation. 

22 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 23 Speak to Aaron and to his 
sons, saying, Thus shall ye bless the 
sons of Israel, saying to them, 
, 2i Jehovah bless thee, and keep 
thee ; 

25 Jehovah make his face shine upon 
thee, and be gracious to thee ; 

26 Jehovah lift up his face to thee, 
and give thee peace. 27 And they 
shall put my name upon the sons of 
Israel, and I will bless them. 

CHAPTER VII 

1 And it came to pass on the day 
that Moses finished setting up the 
tabernacle, and had anointed it, and 
sanctified it, and all its utensils, and 
the altar and all its utensils, and had 
anointed them, and sanctified them ; 
1 that the princes of Israel, the heads 
of their fathers' houses, brought of- 
ferings, they were the princes of the 



tribes, they were the ones standing 
over the enrolled j 3 and they brought 
their oblation before Jehovah: six 
covered wagons, and twelve oxen, a 
wagon for each two of the princes, 
and an ox for each one; and they 
brought them before the tabernacle. 

4 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 5 Receive these from them, 
that they may be for performing the 
service of the tent of meeting ; and 
thou shalt give them to the Levites, 
to each man according to his service. 

6 And Moses took the wagons and the 
oxen, and gave them to the Levites. 

7 Two wagons and four oxen he gave 
to the sons of Gershon, according to 
their service ; 8 And four wagons and 
eight oxen he gave to the sons of 
Merari, according to their service, 
under the hand of Ithamar the son of 
Aaron the priest. 9 But to the sons 
of Kohath he gave none; because the 
service of the sanctuary belonged to 
them, and they were to carry it upon 
their shoulders. 

10 And the princes brought offerings 
for the dedication of the altar in the 
day that it was anointed, even the 
princes brought their oblation before 
the altar. ll And Jehovah said to 
Moses, One prince each day they 
shall offer their oblation for the dedi 
cation of the altar. 

12 And the one that offered his obla 
tion on the first day was Nashon the 
son of Amminadab, of the tribe oi 
Judah. l3 And his oblation was o 
silver dish, a hundred and thir 
shekels its weight, one silver bowl 
seventy shekels, according to t 
shekel of the sanctuary, both of the 
full of fine flour poured over with o 
for a meal offering; u one gold spo 
of ten shekels full of incense; 15 oi 
young bullock, one ram, one yearlin 
lamb, for a burnt offering; lf> one go; 
for a sin offering; "and for a peaaj 



166 



NUMBERS VII 



offering, two oxen, five rams, five he- I offering ; 35 and for a peace offering, 
goats, five yearling lambs; this was two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five 



yearling lambs ; this was the oblation 
of Elizur the son of Shedeur. 

36 On the fifth day Shelumiel the 
son of Zurishaddai, the prince of the 
sons of Simeon. 37 His oblation was 
one silver dish, a hundred and thirty 
shekels its weight, one silver bowl of 
seventy shekels, according to the 
shekel of the sanctuary, both of them 
full of fine flour poured over with oil 
for a meal offering ; 38 one gold spoon 
of ten shekels full of incense ; 39 one 
young bullock, one ram, one yearling 
lamb, for a burnt offering ; 40 one goat 
for a sin offering ; 41 and for a peace 
offering, two oxen, five rams, five he- 
goats, five yearling lambs ; this was 
the oblation of Shelumiel the son of 
Zurishaddai. 

42 On the sixth day Eliasaph the son 
of Deuel, prince of the sons of Gad. 
43 His oblation was one silver dish, a 
hundred and thirty shekels its weight, 
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, ac- 
cording to the shekel of the sanctuary, 
flour poured over with oil for a meal | both of them full of fine flour poured 
offering ; 2C one gold spoon of ten | over with oil for a meal offering ; 44 one 
shekels full of incense ; 27 one young ' gold spoon of ten shekels full of in- 
bullock, one ram, one yearling lamb, cense ; 45 one young bullock, one ram, 
for a burnt offering; * one goat for a one yearling lamb for a burnt offering ; 



the oblation of Nashon the son of 
Amminadab. 

18 On the second day Nethaneel the 
son of Zuar, prince of Issachar, of- 
fered. VJ He offered for his oblation 
one silver dish, a hundred and thirty 
shekels its weight, one silver bowl of 
seventy shekels, according to the shekel 
of the sanctuary, both of them full of 
fine flour poured over with oil for a 
meal offering ; 20 one gold spoon of ten 
shekels full of incense; 2l one young 
bullock, one ram, one yearling lamb, 
for a burnt offering ; ~ one goat for a 
sin offering ; Xi and for a peace offer- 
ing, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, 
five yearling lambs ; this was the obla- 
tion of Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 

24 And on the third day Eliab the 
son of Helon, prince of the sons of 
Zebulun ; 25 his oblation was one silver 
dish, a hundred and thirty shekels its 
weight, one silver bowl of seventy 
shekels, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuary, both of them full of fine 



sin offering; * and for a peace offer- 
ing, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, 
five yearling lambs; this was the obla- 
tion of Eliab the son of Helon. 

30 On the fourth day Elizur the son 
of Shedeur, prince of the sons of Reu- 
ben. 3I His oblation was one silver 
dish, a hundred and thirty shekels its 
weight, one silver bowl of seventy shek- 
els, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuarv. both of them full of fine 
flour poured over with oil for a meal 
offering; 32 one gold spoon of ten shek- 
els full of incense; :3 one young bul- 
lock, one ram, one yearling lamb, for 



burnt offering; 4 one goat for a sin 



46 one goat for a sin offering ; 47 and 
for a peace offering, two oxen, five 
rams, five he-goats, five yearling lambs; 
this was the oblation of Eliasaph the 
son of Deuel. 

48 On the seventh day Elishama the 
son of Ammihud, prince of the sons of 
Ephraim. 49 His oblation was one sil- 
ver dish, a hundred and thirty shekels 
its weight, one silver bowl of seventy 
shekels, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuary, both of them full of fine 
flour poured over with oil for a meal 
offering ; 50 one gold spoon of ten 
shekels full of incense ; 51 one young 
bullock, one ram, one yearling lamb, 
167 



NUMBERS VII 



for a burnt offering ; 5J one goat for a j for a burnt offering ; 70 one goat for a 



sin offering; 5:? and for a peace offer- 
ing, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, 
five yearling lambs ; this was the obla- 
tion of Elishama the son of Ammihud. 
54 On the eighth day Gamaliel the 
son of Pedahzur, prince of the sons of 
Manasseh. 55 His oblation was one 
silver dish, a hundred and thirty shek- 
els its weight, one silver bowl of sev- 
enty shekels, according to the shekel 
of the sanctuary, both of them full of 
fine flour poured over with oil for a 
meal offering ; 56 one gold spoon of ten 
shekels full of incense ; 57 one young 



sin offering ; n and for a peace offer- 
ing, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, 
five yearling lambs ; this was the obla- 
tion of Ahiezer the son of Ammi- 
shaddai. 

72 On the eleventh day Pagiel the 
son of Ocran, the prince of the sons of 
Asher. 73 His oblation was one silver 
dish, a hundred and thirty shekels its 
weight, one silver bowl of seventy 
shekels, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuary, both of them full of fine 
flour poured over with oil for a meal 
offering; 74 one gold spoon of ten 



bullock, one ram, one yearling lamb, '\ shekels full of incense; 75 one young 



for a burnt offering; 58 one goat for a sin 
offering ; 59 and for a peace offering, 
two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, five 
yearling lambs ; this was the oblation 
of Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 

60 On the ninth day Abidan the son 
of Gideoni, prince of the sons of Ben- 



jamin. 



His oblation was one silver 



dish, a hundred and thirty shekels its 
weight, one silver bowl of seventy shek- 
els, according to the shekel of the sanc- 
tuary, both of them full of fine flour 
poured over with oil for a meal offer- 
ing ; 62 one gold spoon of ten shekels 
full of incense ; 63 one young bullock, 
one ram, one yearling lamb for a burnt 
offering ; 64 one goat for a sin offering j 
* 5 and for a peace offering, two oxen, 
five rams, five he-goats, five yearling 
lambs ; this was the oblation of Abidan 
the son of Gideoni. 

66 On the tenth day Ahiezer the son 
of Ammishaddai, prince of the sons of 
Dan. 67 His oblation was one silver 
dish, a hundred and thirty shekels its 
weight, one silver bowl of seventy 
shekels, according to the shekel of 
the sanctuary, both of them full of 
fine flour poured over with oil for a 
meal offering ; 68 one gold spoon of 
ten shekels full of incense ; 69 one young 
bullock, one ram, one yearling lamb, 



bullock, one ram, one yearling lamb, 
for a burnt offering ; 76 one goat for a 
sin offering ; 77 and for a peace offer- 
ing, two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, 
five yearling lambs ; this was the ob- 
lation of Pagiel the son of Ocran. 

78 On the twelfth day Ahira the son 
of Enan, prince of the sons of Naph- 
tali. 79 His oblation was one silver 
dish, a hundred and thirty shekels its 
weight, one silver bowl of seventy shek- 
els, according to the shekel of the 
sanctuary, both of them full of fine 
flour poured over with oil for a meal 
offering ; 80 one gold spoon of ten 
shekels full of incense ; 81 one young 
bullock, one ram, one yearling lamb, 
for a burnt offering ; 82 one goat for a 
sin offering ; 83 and for a peace offer- j 
ing, two oxen, five rams, five he-; 
goats, five yearling lambs ; this wa 
the oblation of Ahira the son of Enan 

84 This was the dedication of the a 
tar, on the day when it was anointe 
from the princes of Israel : twelve si 
ver dishes, twelve silver bowls, twelv 
gold spoons ; 85 each silver dish a hun 
dred and thirty shekels, each bo 
seventy ; all the silver of the vesse 
two thousand and four hundred she 
els, according to the shekel of t 
sanctuary ; 86 twelve gold spoons fu 



1 68 



NUMBERS VIII 



of incense, each spoon ten shekels, 
according to the shekel of the sanctu- 
ary ; all the gold of the spoons a hun- 
dred and twenty shekels. 87 All the 
cattle for the burnt offering, twelve 
bullocks, twelve rams, twelve yearling 
lambs, with their meal offering ; and 
twelve goats for a sin offering ; 88 and 
all the cattle for the peace offerings, 
twenty-four bullocks, sixty rams, sixty 
he-goats, sixty yearling lambs. This 
was the dedication of the altar after it 
was anointed. 

89 And on Moses' going into the tent 
of meeting to speak with him, he heard 
the voice speaking to him from upon 
the mercy seat, which was on the ark 
of the testimony, from between the 
cherubim ; and he spoke to him. 

CHAPTER VIII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to Aaron, and say to him, 
When thou settest up the lamps, the 
seven lamps shall give light toward the 
front of the lampstand. 3 And Aaron 
did so ; toward the front of the lamp- 
stand he set up its lamps, as Jehovah 
commanded Moses. 4 And this was the 
work of the lampstand : turned work of 
gold, even to its base and its flowers it 
was turned work, according to the form 
that Jehovah had showed Moses, so he 
had made the lampstand. 

5 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 6 Take the Levites from among 
the sons of Israel, and cleanse them. 
7 And thus shalt thou do to them to 
cleanse them : Sprinkle upon them 
water of expiation, and let them pass 
a razor over all their flesh, and let 
them wash their clothes, and make 
themselves clean. 8 Then let them 
take a young bullock, and its meal 
offering, fine flour poured over with 
oil ; and a second young bullock shalt 
thou take for a sin offering. 9 And 



thou shalt bring the Levites before the 
tent of meeting ; and thou shalt cause 
to assemble the whole congregation of 
the sons of Israel. 10 And thou shalt 
bring the Levites before Jehovah ; 
and the sons of Israel shall lean their 
hands upon the Levites ; " and Aaron 
shall wave the Levites before Jehovah 
as a wave offering from the sons of 
Israel, that they may be to perform 
the service of Jehovah. 12 And the 
Levites shall lean their hands upon the 
heads of the bullocks ; and thou shalt 
offer the one for a sin offering, and 
the other for a burnt offering, to Je- 
hovah, to make atonement for the 
Levites. 13 And thou shalt stand the 
Levites before Aaron, and before his 
sons, and wave them as a wave offer- 
ing to Jehovah. 

"Thus shalt thou separate the Le- 
vites from among the sons of Israel ; 
and the Levites shall be mine. ,5 And 
after that shall the Levites go in to do 
the service of the tent of meeting. 
And thus thou shalt cleanse them and 
wave them as a wave offering. 16 For 
they are wholly given to me from 
among the sons of Israel ; instead of 
the firstborn that opens any womb 
from the sons of Israel, have I taken 
them as mine. 1T For every firstborn 
among the sons of Israel is mine, both 
man and beast ; on the day that I 
smote every firstborn in the land of 
Egypt I sanctified them for myself. 
18 And I have taken the Levites in- 
stead of every firstborn among the 
sons of Israel. 19 And so I have given 
the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to 
his sons from among the sons of Israel 
to perform the service of the sons of 
Israel in the tent of meeting, and to 
make atonement for the sons of Israel ; 
that there may not be a plague among 
the sons of Israel, by the sons of Is- 
rael coming near to the sanctuary. 



Ver. 2. Settest up, on the lampstand. 
169 



Ver. 4. Form, appearance. 



NUMBERS IX 



30 And Moses, and Aaron and all 
the congregation of the sons of Israel, 
did to the Levites according to all 
that Jehovah commanded Moses con- 
cerning the Levites, so did the sons of 
Israel to them. 21 And the Levites 
purified themselves from sin, and they 
washed their clothes ; and Aaron waved 
them as a wave offering before Jehovah; 
and Aaron made atonement for them 
to cleanse them. 22 And after that the 
Levites went in to perform their serv- 
ice in the tent of meeting before 
Aaron, and before his sons ; as Jeho- 
vah had commanded Moses concern- 
ing the Levites, so did they to them. 

23 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 24 This is what belongs to the Le- 
vites : from twenty-five years old and 
upward one shall go in to do the work 
of the service of the tent of meeting ; 
25 and from fifty years old one shall re- 
tire from the work of the service, and 
shall not serve longer; 26 but he shall 
minister with his brethren in the tent 
of meeting, to keep the charge, and 
shall do no service. Thus shalt thou 
do to the Levites in their charges. 

CHAPTER IX 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses in 
the wilderness of Sinai, in the second 
year of their coming out from the 
land of Egypt, in the first month, say- 
ing, 2 And let the sons of Israel keep 
the passover in its appointed season. 
3 On the fourteenth day of this month, 
at evening, ye shall keep it in its ap- 
pointed season ; according to all its 
statutes, and according to all its ordi- 
nances shall ye keep it. 4 And Moses 
spoke to the sons of Israel, that they 
should keep the passover. 5 And they 
kept the passover in the first month, 
on the fourteenth day of the month 
at evening, in the wilderness of Sinai ; 
according to all that Jehovah com- 



manded Moses, so did the sons of 
Israel. 

6 And there were men that had be- 
come unclean by the dead body of a 
man, so that they were not able to 
keep the passover on that day ; and 
they came before Moses, and before 
Aaron on that day. 7 And those men 
said to him, We are made unclean by 
the dead body of a man j why are we 
kept back that we may not offer the 
oblation of Jehovah in its appointed 
season among the sons of Israel ? 8 And 
Moses said to them, Stand still, and I 
will hear what Jehovah will command 
concerning you. 

9 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 10 Speak to the sons of Israel, 
saying, When any man of you or of 
your descendants shall become un- 
clean by reason of a dead body, or be 
on a journey afar off, yet he shall 
keep the passover to Jehovah. " In 
the second month, on the fourteenth 
day at evening they shall keep it, with 
unleavened bread and bitter herbs 
they shall eat it. 12 They shall leave 
none of it till the morning, nor break 
any bone of it ; according to all the 
statute of the passover they shall keep 
it. 13 But the man that is clean, and 
is not on a journey, and refrains from 
keeping the passover, that same soul 
shall be cut off from among his people; 
because he brought not the oblation 
of Jehovah in its appointed season, 
that man shall bear his sin. u And 
when a sojourner shall sojourn with 
you, and shall keep the passover to 
Jehovah; according to the statute of 
the passover, and according to its or- 
dinance, so shall he keep it ; ye shall 
have one statute, both for the so- 
journer and for the native of the land. 

15 On the day that the tabernaclel 
was set up the cloud covered the taber- 
nacle, the tent of the testimony ; and! 



Ver. 3. At evening, Heb., between the evenings. 
170 



NUMBERS X 



at evening it was over the tabernacle 
as the appearance of fire until the 
morning. 16 SoitAvas continually ; the 
cloud covered it, and it had the ap- 
pearance of fire by night. n And when 
the cloud was taken up from over the 
tent, then after that the sons of Israel 
broke camp ; and in the place where 
the cloud settled down, there the sons 
of Israel encamped. 18 At the com- 
mand of Jehovah the sons of Israel 
broke camp, and at the command of 
Jehovah they encamped ; all the days 
that the cloud abode upon the taber- 
nacle they remained encamped. 19 And 
when the cloud tarried upon the taber- 
nacle many days, then the sons of Is- 
rael kept the charge of Jehovah, and 
did not break camp. 20 And if it was 
that the cloud was few days upon the 
tabernacle; according to the command 
of Jehovah they encamped, and ac- 
cording to the command of Jehovah 
they broke camp. 21 And if it was that 
the cloud remained from evening till 
morning, and the cloud was taken up 
in the morning, then they broke camp; 
or for a day and a night, and then the 
cloud was taken up, then they broke 
camp. 22 Or for two days, or a month, 
or a year, while the cloud tarried upon 
the tabernacle, abiding upon it, the 
sons of Israel remained encamped, and 
did not break camp ; and when it was 
taken up they broke camp. 23 At the 
command of Jehovah they encamped, 
and at the command of Jehovah they 
broke camp ; they kept the charge of 
Jehovah, at the command of Jehovah 
by the hand of Moses. 

CHAPTER X 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Make for thee two silver trum- 
pets ; of turned work thou shalt make 
them ; and they shall be to thee for 



calling the congregation, and for breaks 
ing up the camps. 3 And when they 
shall blow with them, all the congre- 
gation shall assemble themselves to 
thee at the doorway of the tent of 
meeting. 4 And if they blow with one, 
the princes, the heads of the thousands 
of Israel, shall gather themselves to 
thee. 5 When ye blow an alarm, then 
the camps encamping on the east shall 
break camp. 6 When ye blow a second 
alarm, then the camps encamping on 
the south shall break camp j they shall 
blow an alarm for their breaking camp. 

7 But in gathering the assembly ye shall 
blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm. 

8 And the sons of Aaron, the priests, 
shall blow with the trumpets; and they 
shall be to you for a perpetual statute 
throughout your generations. 9 And 
when ye go into a battle in your land 
against the adversary oppressing you, 
ye shall blow an alarm with the trum- 
pets ; and ye shall be remembered be- 
fore Jehovah your God, and ye shall 
be saved from your enemies. 10 Also 
in the day of your gladness, and in 
your appointed feasts, and in the be- 
ginnings of your months, ye shall blow 
with the trumpets over your burnt 
offerings, and over your peace offer- 
ings ; that they may be to you for a 
memorial before your God, me Jeho- 
vah your God. 

11 And it came to pass in the second 
year, in the second month, on the 
twentieth day of the month, that the 
cloud was taken up from upon the 
tabernacle of the testimony. 12 And 
the sons of Israel took their journey 
according to their journeyings from the 
wilderness of Sinai ; and the cloud set- 
tled down in the wilderness of Paran. 
15 And they broke up at the beginning 
according to the command of Jehovah 
by the hand of Moses. u First the 



Ver. 22. A year, Heb., days, an indefinite time. Ver. io. Me Jehovah, or I am Jehovah. 

Ver. 12. Took their journey, Heb., pull up, break up camp; so throughout. 

I 7 I 



NUMBERS XI 



my own 
will go. 



standard of the camp of the sons of 
Judah according to their hosts set for- 
ward ; and over his host was Nashon 
the son of Amminadab, 15 and over the 
host of the tribe of the sons of Issachar 
was Nethaneel the son of Znar. 16 And 
over the host of the tribe of the sons 
of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon. 
17 Then the tabernacle was taken down, 
and the sons of Gershon and the sons 
of Merari set forward carrying the 
tabernacle. 

18 Then the standard of the camp of 
Reuben according to their hosts set 
forward ; and over his host was Elizur 
the son of Shedeur. 19 And over the 
host of the tribe of the sons of Simeon 
was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. 
20 And over the host of the tribe of the 
sons of Gad was Eliasaph the son of 
Deuel. 21 Then the Kohathites set for- 
ward, carrying the sacred things ; and 
they had set up the tabernacle by the 
time these came. 

22 Then the standard of the camp of 
the sons of Ephraim according to their 
hosts set forward ; and over his host 
was Elishama the son of Ammihud. 
2U And over the host of the tribe of the 
sons of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son 
of Pedahzur. 24 And over the host of 
the tribe of the sons of Benjamin was 
Abidan the son of Gideoni. 

25 Then the standard of the camp of 
the sons of Dan, who brought up the 
rear of all the camps, according to their 
hosts set forward ; and over his host 
was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 
26 And over the host of the tribe of the 
sons of Asher was Pagiel the son of 
()<:r;m. 27 And over the host of the 
tribe of the sons of Naphtali was Ahira 
the son of Enan. 28 These were the 
breakings up of the sons of Israel 
according to their hosts. And they 
journeyed. 

28 And Moses said to Hobab, the son 

Ver. 14. Set forward, Heb., break camp; so throughou 

172 



of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father- 
in-law, We are going to journey to the 
place of which Jehovah said, I will give 
it to you ; come thou with us, and we 
will do thee good ; for Jehovah has 
spoken good concerning Israel. 30 And 
he said to him, I will not go ; but to 
land, and to my kindred I 
31 And he said, I .pray thee, 
do not leave us ; forasmuch as thou 
knowest our encamping in the wilder- 
ness, and thou shalt be to us for eyes. 
32 And it shall be, when thou goest 
with us, it shall even be, that what 
goodness Jehovah shall do to us, the 
same will we do to thee. 

33 And they journeyed from the mount 
of Jehovah a three days' journey; and 
the ark of the covenant of Jehovah was 
journeying before them in the three 
days' journey, to search out a resting 
place for them. 3 * And the cloud of 
Jehovah was over them daily in their 
journeying from the camping place. 

35 And it came to pass, when the ark 
set forward, that Moses said, 

Rise up O Jehovah, and let thy ene- 
mies be scattered ; 

And let them that hate thee flee 
before thee. 

36 And when it settled down he said, 
Return, O Jehovah to the tens of 

thousands of the thousands 
Israel. 

CHAPTER XI 

1 And the people were as those com 
plaining of evil in the ears of Jehovah ; 
and Jehovah heard, and his anger 
burned ; and the fire of Jehovah burnt 
among them, and devoured in the out 
skirts of the camp. 2 And the peopl 
cried to Moses, and Moses prayed t 
Jehovah, and the fire subsided. 3 An 
they called the name of that place 
Taberah ; because the fire of Jehovah 
burnt among them. 

Ver. 3. Taberah, /. e. t burning. 



NUMBERS XI 



* And the motley crowd that was | elders of Israel, whom thou knowest 
among them longed with earnestness ; i to be the elders of the people, and its 
even the sons of Israel wept again, | officers; and fetch them to the tent 
and said, Oh ! that we had flesh to I of meeting, and let them stand there 
eat. 5 We remember the fish that we ! with thee. "And I will come down, 
ate in Egypt for nothing, the cucum- ! and talk with thee there; and I will 
bers, and the melons, and the leeks, i take of the spirit that is on thee, and 



and the onions, and the garlic ; 6 but 
now our soul is dried away ; our eyes 
have nothing at all to look to except 
the manna. 7 And the manna was 
like coriander seeds, and its appear- 
ance like the appearance of bdellium. 
8 And the people went about, and 
gathered it, and ground it in mills, or 
beat it in mortars, and boiled it in 
pots, and made cakes of it ; and the 
taste of it was like the taste of oiled 
cakes. 9 And when the dew descended 
upon the camp at night, the manna 
descended along with it. 

10 And Moses heard the people 
weeping throughout their families, 
each man at the doorway of his tent ; 
and the anger of Jehovah burned 
greatly, and it was evil in the sight of 
Moses. " And Moses said to Jeho- 
vah, Why hast thou afflicted thy serv- 
ant? and why have I not found favor 
in thy sight, that thou layest the bur- 
lien of all this people upon me? 12 Did 
I conceive all this people? or did I 
beget them, that thou shouldest say 
to me, Carry them in thy bosom, as a 
nurse carries a suckling, to the land 
which thou swarest to their fathers? 
f Whence shall I have flesh to give to 
all this people ? for they weep to me, 
saying, Give us flesh, that we may eat. 
u I am not able, myself alone, to carry 
all this people, for it is too heavy for 
me. l5 And if thou art going to deal 
thus with me, kill me, I pray thee, 
kill, if I have found favor in thy sight ; 
and let me not see my evil. 

16 And Jehovah said to 
Gather for me seventy men 

Ver 



I will put it upon them; and they shall 
bear the burden of the people with 
thee, that thou bear it not thyself 
alone. 18 And say thou to the people, 
Sanctify yourselves against tomorrow, 
and ye shall eat flesh; for ye have 
wept in the ears of Jehovah, saying, 
Oh, that we had flesh to eat! for it 
was well with us in Egypt. And Je- 
hovah will give you flesh, and ye shall 
eat, 19 not for one day shall ye eat, nor 



two days, nor five days, nor ten days, 
nor twenty days; 20 but even a whole 
month, until it shall come out at your 
nostrils, and become loathsome to 
you; because ye have despised Jeho- 
vah who is in the midst of you, and 
have wept before him, saying, Where- 
fore did we come out from Egypt? 

21 And Moses said, Six hundred 
thousand foot soldiers are the people 
in whose midst I am, and thou hast 
said, I will give them flesh, and they 
shall eat a whole month. 22 Shall the 
flocks and the herds be killed for them, 
to suffice them ? or shall all the fish 
of the sea be gathered for them, to 
suffice them ? 23 And Jehovah said to 
Moses, Shall the hand of Jehovah be 
shortened ? now thou shalt see whether 
my word shall befall thee or not. 

34 And Moses went out and told the 
people the words of Jehovah. And 
he gathered seventy men of the elders 
of the people, and caused them to 
stand round about the tent. 25 And 
Jehovah came down in the cloud, and 
spoke to him, and took of the spirit 
that was on him, and put it upon the 
seventy elders; and it came to pass 

Appearance. Heb., eye. 

173 



Moses, 
of the 



NUMBERS XII 



that when the spirit rested upon them, 
they prophesied; but they did not con- 
tinue. 26 But there remained two of 
the men in the camp, the name of the 
one was Eldad, and the name of the 
other Medad; and the spirit rested 
upon them; and they were among 
those that were written down, but they 
had not gone out to the tabernacle; 
and they prophesied in the camp. 

27 And there ran a young man, and 
told Moses, and said, Eldad and Me- 
dad are prophesying in the camp. 

28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the 
minister of Moses, of his young men, 
answered, and said, My lord Moses, 
prohibit them. 29 And Moses said to 
him, Art thou jealous for my sake ? 
Oh, that all Jehovah's people were 
prophets! that Jehovah would put his 
spirit upon them. 30 And Moses rer 
turned into the camp, he and the 
elders of Israel. 

31 And there went forth a wind from 
Jehovah, and brought quails from the 
sea, and let them fall by the camp, 
about a day's journey on this side, 
and about a day's journey on that 
side, around the camp, and about two 
cubits above the face of the earth. 
32 And the people rose up all that day 
and all that night, and all the next 
day. and gathered the quails; he that 
gathered least gathered ten homers; 
and they spread them all abroad for 
themselves around the camp. 3:i And 
while the flesh was yet between their 
teeth, before it was chewed, the wrath 
of Jehovah burned against the people, 
and Jehovah smote the people a very 
great smiting. 34 And they called the 
name of that place, Kibroth-hattaavah; 
because there they buried the people 
that lusted. 35 And the people jour- 
neyed from Kibroth-hattaavah to 
I la/rroth; and they remained at 
Haze roth. 



CHAPTER XII 

1 And Miriam and Aaron spoke 
against Moses because of the Cushite 
woman that he had married s for he 
had married a Cushite woman. 2 And 
they said, Has Jehovah indeed spoken 
by Moses only ? has he not spoken by 
us also ? And Jehovah heard it. 
3 Now the man Moses was very meek, 
the most so of all the men that were 
on the face of the earth. 4 And Je- 
hovah said suddenly to Moses, and to 
Aaron, and to Miriam, Go out ye 
three to the tent of meeting. And 
they three went out. 5 And Jehovah 
came down in a pillar of cloud, and 
stood at the entrance of the tent ; and 
he called Aaron and Miriam ; and they 
two went. 6 And he said, Hear now 
my words : If there be a prophet of 
Jehovah among you, in a vision I will 
make myself known to him, in a dream 
I will speak to him. 7 Not so is my 
servant Moses, he is faithful in all my 
house ; 8 with him will I speak mouth 
to mouth, even by an appearance, and 
not in enigmas, and the form of Jeho- 
vah shall he behold ; wherefore then 
were ye not afraid to speak against my 
servant, against Moses ? 9 And the 
anger of Jehovah was kindled against 
them; and he departed. 10 And the 
cloud removed from upon- the tent; 
and, behold, Miriam was smitten with 
leprosy, white as snow; and Aaron 
turned toward Miriam, and, behold, 
she was smitten with leprosy. " And 
Aaron said to Moses, O my lord, I 
beseech thee, lay not sin upon us, 
because we have done foolishly, and 
because we have sinned. 12 Let her 
not, I pray, be as one dead, of whom 
the flesh is half consumed when he 
comes out of his mother's womb. 

13 And Moses cried to Jehovah, 
saying, Mighty God, I beseech thee, 



Vcr. 34. Kibroth-hattaavah, /'. <?., graves of lust, .losire. 

174 



Ver. 



Form, or likeness. 



NUMBERS XHI 



heal her, I pray. 14 And Jehovah said 
to Moses, If her father had but spit in 
her face, should she not be ashamed 
seven days? let her be shut out from 
the camp seven days, and after that 
let her be received in again. 15 And 
Miriam was shut out from the camp 
seven days; and the people did not 
break camp until Miriam had been re- 
ceived in again. 16 And afterwards the 
people journeyed from Hazeroth, and 
encamped in the wilderness of Paran. 

CHAPTER XIII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Send thou men, that they may 
spy out the land of Canaan, which I 
am going to give to the sons of Israel ; 
of each tribe of their fathers shall ye 
send one man, every one a prince 
among them. 3 And Moses sent them 
from the wilderness of Paran, according 
to the command of Jehovah ; all of the 
men were heads of the sons of Israel. 

* And these were their names : of 
the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the 
son of Zaccur, 5 of the tribe of Sim- 
eon, Shaphat the son of Hori; ° of 
the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of 
Jephunneh ; 7 of the tribe of Issachar, 
Igal the son of Joseph; 8 of the tribe 
of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Nun; 
"of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the 
son of Raphu; 10 of the tribe of Zeb- 
ulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi ; " of 
the tribe of Joseph: of the tribe of 
Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi ; 
12 of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son 
of Gemalli; 13 of the tribe of Asher, 
Sethur, the son of Michael; u of the 
tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of 
Vophsi; 13 of the tribe of Gad, Geuel 
the son of Machi. 1C These are the 
names of the men whom Moses sent 
to spy out the land. And Moses 
called Hoshea the son of Nun Joshua. 

17 And Moses sent them to spy out 

Ver 14. Received, Heb., gathered. 



the land of Canaan, and said to them, 
Go up here into the South, and go up 
into the mountain ; 1S and see the 
land, what it is, and the people that 
dwells on it, whether it is strong or 
weak, few or many ; iy and what the 
land is that it dwells in, whether it is 
good or bad; and what the cities are 
that it dwells in, whether in camps or 
fortified places ; '" and what the land 
is, whether it is fertile or poor, whether 
there are trees in it or not. And ye 
shall be courageous, and fetch some 
of the fruit of the land. Now the 
time was the season of the first ripe 
grapes. 

21 So they went up, and spied out 
the land from the wilderness of Zin to 
Rehob, where one enters Hamath. 

22 And they went up into the South, 
and came to Hebron; and Ahiman, 
Sheshai, and Talmai, the sons of Anak, 
were there. (Now Hebron was built 
seven years before Zoan of Egypt.) 

23 And they came to the valley of 
Eshcol, and cut from there a branch 
with one cluster of grapes, and it was 
carried on a pole by two; and some 
of the pomegranates, and some of the 
figs. ^That place was called the val- 
ley of Eshcol, because of the cluster 
which the sons of Israel cut from 
there. 25 And they returned from 
spying out the land at the end of 
forty days. 

26 And they went, and came to Mo- 
ses, and to Aaron, and to all the con- 
gregation of the sons of Israel, to the 
wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and 
brought back word to them, and to 
all the congregation, and shewed them 
the fruit of the land. 27 And they re- 
counted to him, and said, We came 
into the land whither thou didst send 
us, and surely it is flowing with milk 
and honey; and this is its fruit. 
28 Nevertheless the people is strong 

Ver. 24. Eshcol, i. e., cluster. 



*75 



NUMBERS XIV 



that is dwelling in the land, and the 
cities are fortified, and very great j 
and moreover we saw the sons of 
Anak there. 29 The Amalekites dwell 
in the land of the South ; and the 
Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the 
Amorites, dwell in the mountain; and 
the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and 
by the side of the Jordan. 30 And Caleb 
quieted the people before Moses, and 
said, We will surely go up, and possess 
it ; for we are indeed able to do it. 
' il But the men that went up with him 
said, We are not able to go up against 
the people ; for it is stronger than we. 
32 And they brought out to the sons of 
Israel an evil report about the land 
which they had spied out, saying, The 
land through which we passed to spy it 
out is a land that devours its inhabi- 
tants ; and all the people that we saw in 
the midst of it are men of a great stat- 
ure. 33 And there we saw the giants, the 
sons of Anak, who are of the giants ; 
and we were in our own sight like grass- 
hoppers, and so we were in their sight. 

CHAPTER XIV 

1 And all the congregation lifted up 
and gave forth their voice ; and the 
people wept in that night. 2 And all 
the sons of Israel murmured against 
Moses and against Aaron and the 
whole congregation said to them, 
would that we had died in the land 
of Egypt ! or would that we had died 
in the wilderness ! 3 And why is Je- 
hovah bringing us into this land, to 
fall by the sword, that our wives and 
our little ones should become a booty? 
Is it not better for us to return to 
Egypt? 4 And they said one to an- 
other, Let us appoint a head, and let 
us return to Egypt. 5 Then Moses 
and Aaron fell on their faces before 
all the assembly of the congregation 
of the sons of Israel. 



6 And Joshua the son of Nun, and 
Caleb the son of Jephunneh, of those 
that spied out the land, rent theii 
clothes ; 7 and they spoke to all the 
congregation of the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, The land which we passed through 
to spy it out is an exceedingly good 
land. 8 If Jehovah delights in us, then 
he will bring us into this land, and give 
it to us ; a land that is flowing with 
milk and honey. 9 Only do not rebel 
against Jehovah ; and as for you, do not 
fear the people of the land ; for they 
are our food; their shade has departed 
from over them, but Jehovah is with 
us, fear them not. 10 But all the con- 
gregation said, Stone them with stones. 
And the glory of Jehovah appeared in 
the tent of meeting before all the sons 
of Israel. 

11 And Jehovah said to Moses, How 
long will this people despise me ? and 
how long will they not believe in me, 
by all the signs that I have wrought in 
the midst of them ? 12 1 will smite 
them with the pestilence, and dispos- 
sess them, and I will make thee to be- 
come a nation greater and mightier 
than they. 

13 And Moses said to Jehovah, Both 
the Egyptians have heard that thou 
hast brought up this people by thy 
might from among them ; u and it has 
been told to the inhabitants of this 
land ; they have heard that thou, Je- 
hovah, art in the midst of this people, 
that thou Jehovah art seen eye to eye, 
and that thy cloud stands over them, 
and that thou goest before them, by 
day in a pillar of cloud, and in a pillar 
of fire by night. 15 And shouldest thou 
kill this people as one man, then the 
nations who have heard of thy fame 
will say, 16 Because Jehovah was not 
able to bring this people into the land 
which he swore to them, therefore he 
has slain them in the wilderness. 17 And 



Ver. g. Shade, as a protecting shadow 
176 



NUMBERS XIV 



now, I beseech thee, let the power of 
the Lord be great, according as thou 
hast spoken, saying, 18 Jehovah is slow 
of anger, and abundant in loving-kind- 
ness, forgiving iniquity and trangres- 
sion, and will by no means clear the 
guilty, visiting the iniquity of fathers 
upon children, upon the third genera- 
tion and upon the fourth generation ; 
19 pardon, I pray thee, the iniquity of 
this people, according to the greatness 
of thy loving-kindness, and as thou 
hast forgiven this people from Egypt 
even until now. 20 And Jehovah said, 
I pardon them according to thy word ; 
21 But nevertheless as I live, and as all 
the earth shall be filled with the glory 
of Jehovah, 22 none of the men that 
saw my glory, and my signs, which I 
did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and 
have tempted me now ten times, and 
have not obeyed my voice, a:! shall see 
the land of which I swore to their 
fathers, neither shall any of them that 
despise me see it. 2 * But my servant 
Caleb, because there was another spirit 
in him, and he followed me fully, him 
will I bring into the land whither he 
went ; and his seed shall possess it. 

35 Now the Amalekite and the Ca- 
naanite dwelt in the valley. Tomor- 
row turn ye and journey into the 
wilderness by the way to the Red sea. 

26 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, and 
to Aaron, saying, 27 How long [shall I 
endure the murmurings of] this evil 
congregation which they are murmur- 
ing against me? The murmurings of 
the sons of Israel which they murmur 
against me I have heard. 28 Say to 
them, As I live, is the declaration of 
Jehovah, as ye have spoken in my ears 
so will I do to you : 29 your corpses 
shall fall in this wilderness, and none 
that were enrolled of you, even of all 
your number, from twenty years old and 
upward, who have murmured against 



me, 30 shall come into the land which I 
lifted up my hand to cause you to dwell 
in, except Caleb the son of Jephun- 
neh, and Joshua the son of Nun. 31 But 
your little ones, of whom ye said, They 
will become a booty, them will I bring 
in, and they shall know the land which 
ye have despised. 32 But as for you, 
your corpses shall fall in this wilder- 
ness. :i3 And your sons shall be wan- 
dering in the wilderness forty years, 
and shall bear your whoredoms, until 
your corpses be consumed in the wil- 
derness. 3 * According to the number 
of the days that ye spied out the land, 
even forty days, for every day a year, 
shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty 
years, and ye shall know my alienation. 
35 1 Jehovah have spoken, I will surely 
do this to all this evil congregation that 
are gathered together against me ; in 
this wilderness they shall be consumed, 
and there they shall die. 

34 And the men that Moses had sent 
to spy out the land, and who had re- 
turned, and made all the congregation 
murmur against him by bringing out an 
evil report about the land, 37 even those 
men that brought out the evil report 
about the land, died by the plague be- 
fore Jehovah. 38 But Joshua the son 
of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephun- 
neh, of the men that went to spy out 
the land remained alive. 39 And Mo- 
ses spoke these words to all the sons 
of Israel ; and the people mourned 
greatly. 

40 And they arose early in the morn- 
ing, and went up to the top of the 
mountain, saying, Here are we, and 
we will go up to the place which Jeho- 
vah has said ; for we have sinned. 
"And Moses said, Why is this that ye 
are going to transgress the command 
of Jehovah ? and this will not prosper. 
42 Go not up for Jehovah is not among 
you ; that ye may not be smitten be- 



12 



Ver. 40. Mountain, /. e., the hill country. 
177 



NUMBERS XV 



fore your enemies. 43 For the Amale- 
kites and the Canaanites are there be- 
fore you, and ye shall fall by the sword ; 
for, because ye have turned from after 
Jehovah, Jehovah will not be with 
you. il But they acted presumptuously 
in going up to the top of the moun- 
tain; but the ark of the covenant of 
Jehovah, and Moses, departed not 
from the midst of the camp. 45 And 
the Amalekites and the Canaanites 
who were dwelling in that mountain, 
came down, and smote them, and de- 
stroyed them as far as Hormah. 

CHAPTER XV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 3 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, When ye shall come into 
the land of your habitations, which I 
am going to give to you, 3 and you 
make a fire offering to Jehovah, a 
burnt offering, or a peace offering in 
performing a vow, or in a free-will 
offering, or in your feasts, to offer an 
odor of delight to Jehovah, from the 
herd or from the flock; 4 then the one 
that brings his oblation to Jehovah 
shall bring a meal offering of a tenth 
of fine flour poured over with a fourth 
of a hin of oil; 5 and the fourth of a 
hin of wine for a drink offering shalt 
thou prepare with the burnt offering, 
or the sacrifice, for one lamb. 8 Or for 
a ram, thou shalt prepare as a meal of- 
fering, two tenths of fine flour poured 
over with a third of a hin of oil. T And 
a third of a hin of wine, as a drink 
offering, thou shalt offer for an odor 
of delight to Jehovah. 8 And when 
thou preparest a bullock for a burnt 
offering, or for a sacrifice, in perform- 
ing a vow, or as a peace offering to 
Jehovah; "then shall one bring along 
with the bullock a meal offering of 
throe tenths of fine flour poured over 
with half a hin of oil. "And thou 
shalt bring for the drink offering half 



a hin of wine, a fire offering of an 
odor of delight to Jehovah. 

11 Thus shall it be done for one bul- 
lock, or for one ram, or for a lamb, 
or for a kid. '" According to the num- 
ber that ye shall prepare, so shall ye do 
for each one, according to their num- 
ber. 13 Any native shall prepare these 
things in this way, when bringing a fire 
offering of an odor of delight to Je- 
hovah. "And when a sojourner so- 
journs with you, or one that is among 
you throughout your generations, and 
offers a fire offering of an odor of de- 
light to Jehovah; as ye do, so shall 
he do. 15 As for the assembly, there 
shall be one statute for you and for the 
sojourner that sojourns with you, a 
perpetual statute throughout your gen- 
erations; the sojourner shall be as ye 
are before Jehovah. 1G One law and 
one ordinance shall be for you and for 
the sojourner that sojourns with you. 

17 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, u Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, When ye come into the 
land whither I am going to bring you, 
"then it shall be, that when ye eat of 
the bread of the land, ye shall heave a 
heave offering to Jehovah. 20 Of the 
first of your dough ye shall heave a 
cake as a heave offering — as a heave 
offering of a threshing floor, so shall 
ye heave it. 21 Of the first of your 
dough ye shall give to Jehovah a heave 
offering throughout your generations. 

23 And when ye shall err, and shall 
not do all these commandments, which 
Jehovah has spoken to Moses, 23 even 
all that Jehovah has commanded you 
by the hand of Moses, from the day 
that Jehovah gave command and on- 
ward throughout your generations; 
24 then it shall be, if out of the sight of 
the congregation any error has been 
done, that all the congregation shall 
offer one young bullock for a burnt 
offering, for an odor of delight to 
78 



NUMBERS XVI 



Jehovah, and its meal offering, and its 
drink offering, according to the ordi- 
nance ; and one goat for a sin offer- 
ing. 25 And the priest shall make atone- 
ment for all the congregation of the 
sons of Israel, and it shall be forgiven 
them ; for it was an error ; and they 
brought their oblation, a fire offering 
for Jehovah, and their sin offering be- 
fore Jehovah, because of their error. 
26 And it shall be forgiven all the con- 
gregation of the sons of Israel, and the 
sojourner that sojourns among them ; 
for all the people were in error. 

27 And if any soul sins through error ; 
then he shall bring a yearling she goat 
for a sin offering. 28 And the priest 
shall make atonement for the soul that 
commits an error, because he sinned 
through error before Jehovah, to make 
atonement for him ; and it shall be 
forgiven him. 29 For the native among 
the sons of Israel and for the so- 
journer that sojourns among them ye 
shall have one law about one that 
does anything through error. 

30 But the soul that does anything 
with a high hand, of the natives, or of 
the sojourners, he reviles Jehovah ; 
and that soul shall be cut off from 
among his people. 81 Because he has 
despised the word of Jehovah, and 
has broken his commandment, that 
soul shall be utterly cut off; his guilt 
shall be on him. 

32 And while the sons of Israel were 
in the Wilderness, they found a man 
gathering wood on the sabbath day. 
33 And they that found him gathering 
wood brought him to Moses and Aaron, 
and to all the congregation. 34 And 
they put him in ward, because it had 
not been explained what should be 
done to him. s5 And Jehovah said 
to Moses, The man shall surely be put 
to death ; all the congregation shall 
stone him outside the camp. 3fl And 

Vt-r. 41. To me, Jehovah, or I am Jehovah. 



all the congregation brought him out- 
side the camp, and stoned him, and 
he died ; as Jehovah commanded 
Moses. 

37 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, S8 Speak to the sons of Israel, 
and say to them, that they shall make 
for themselves tassels on the corners 
of their garments, throughout their 
generations, and shall put with the 
corner tassels a cord of blue. 39 And 
it shall be to you for a tassel, that when 
ye see it, ye may remember all the 
commandments of Jehovah, and do 
them ; and that ye stray not after your 
own heart, and after your own eyes, 
after which ye go a whoring ; *° in or- 
der that ye may remember and do all 
my commandments, and be holy to 
your God, 41 to me, Jehovah your God, 
who brought you out from the land of 
Egypt, to be your God ; I am Je- 
hovah your God. 

CHAPTER XVI 

1 Now Korah the son of Izhar the 
son of Kohath the son of Levi, and Da- 
than and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, 
and On, the son of Peleth, sons of 
Reuben, took men ; ■ and they rose 
up before Moses, with certain of the 
sons of Israel, two hundred and fifty 
princes of the congregation, those 
called to councils, men of name ; 3 and 
they gathered themselves together 
against Moses and against Aaron, and 
said to them, Enough for you ! for all 
the congregation are holy, every one 
of them, and Jehovah is among them ; 
then why do ye exalt yourselves above 
the assembly of Jehovah ? * And when 
Moses heard it, he fell upon his face, 
5 and he spoke to Korah, and to all 
his company, saying, In the morning 
let Jehovah make known who are his, 
and who is the holy one that may 
offer to him. And the one that he 



Ver. 2. ("ailed to councils, or famous of the congregation 
179 



NUMBERS XVI 



shall choose shall offer to him. 6 This | 
do: Take ye censers, Korah and all his 
company, 7 and put fire in them be- 
fore Jehovah tomorrow j and it shall 
be that the man whom Jehovah shall 
choose shall be the holy one. Enough 
for you, ye sons of Levi ! 8 And 
Moses said to Korah, Hear, I pray 
you, ye sons of Levi ; 9 was it too 
small a thing for you, that the God of 
Israel separated you from the congre- 
gation of Israel, to bring you near to 
himself to do the service of the taber- 
nacle of Jehovah, and to stand before 
the congregation to minister to them ? 
10 and brought thee near to him, and 
all thy brethren, the sons of Levi, with 
thee ? and will ye seek even the priest- 
hood ? n Therefore thou and all thy 
company that are gathered together 
against Jehovah — And Aaron, what 
is he, that ye murmur against him ? 

12 And Moses sent to call Dathan 
and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, but 
they said, We will not come up. 13 Is 
it a small thing that thou hast brought 
us up from a land flowing with milk and 
honey, to kill us in the wilderness, that 
thou wilt make thyself a prince over us, 
even make thyself a prince ? u More- 
over, thou hast not brought us into a 
land flowing with milk and honey, or 
given us inheritance of fields and vine- 
yards. AVilt thou put out the eyes of 
these men ? We will not come up. 

"And Moses was very wroth, and 
said to Jehovah, Respect not thou 
their oblation. Not one ass have I 
taken from them, neither have I done 
evil to one of them. 16 And Moses 
said to Korah, Be thou and all thy 
company before Jehovah, thou and 
they, and Aaron, to-morrow; 17 and 
take each man his censer, and put in- 
cense upon them, and bring ye before 
Jehovah each man his censer, two 
'hundred and fifty censers ; and thou, 
and Aaron, each his censer. 



18 And they took each man his censer, 
and put fire upon them, and placed in- 
cense upon them, and stood at the 
doorway of the tent of meeting with 
Moses and Aaron. 15> And Korah as- 
sembled all the congregation along 
with them to the doorway of the tent 
of meeting; and the glory of Jehovah 
appeared to all the congregation. 
20 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, and 
to Aaron, saying, 21 Separate yourselves 
from the midst of this congregation, 
and I will consume them in a moment. 
22 And they fell upon their faces, and 
said, O mighty God, the God of the 
spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, 
and wilt thou be wroth with the whole 
congregation ? 

23 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 24 Speak to the congregation, say- 
ing, Get you up from around the taber- 
nacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram. 
" 5 And Moses rose up and went to 
Dathan and Abiram ; and the elders of 
Israel followed him. 26 And he spoke to 
the congregation saying, Depart, I pray 
you, from the tents of these wicked 
men, and do not touch anything that 
belongs to them, lest ye be consumed 
in all their sins. 2T So they gat them- 
selves up from around the tabernacle 
of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram; and 
Dathan and Abiram came out, and 
stood at the doorway of their tents, 
and their wives, and their sons, and 
their little ones. 28 And Moses said, 
By this shall ye know that J-ehovah 
has sent me to do all these deeds ; 
that they are not from my determi- 
nation : 29 if these men die as all men 
die, and the visitation of all men be 
visited upon them ; then Jehovah has 
not sent me. 30 But if Jehovah creates 
a new thing and the ground opens her 
mouth, and swallows them up, and all 
that belongs to them, and they go down 
alive into Sheol ; then ye shall know 
that these men have despised Jehovah. 



180 



NUMBERS XVII 



31 And it came to pass, as he finished 
speaking all these words, the ground 
that was under them was cleft asunder ; 
32 and the earth opened her mouth, and 
swallowed them up, and their house- 
holds, even all the men that belonged 
to Korah, and all their goods ; 33 they 
and all that belonged to them went 
down alive into Sheol ; and the earth 
covered them ; and they perished from 
the midst of the assembly. 3i And all 
Israel that were round about them 
fled at their cry ; for they said, Lest 
the earth swallow up us. 

35 And a fire came forth from Jeho- 
vah, and consumed the two hundred 
and fifty men that were offering in- 
cense. 

36 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 37 Command Eleazar the son of 
Aaron the priest, that he take up the 
censers from the midst of the burning, 
and scatter thou the fire afar off; for 
they became holy. 38 The censers of 
these sinners against their own souls, 
let them make them into hammered 
sheets for a plating for the altar ; be- 
cause they brought them before Jeho- 
vah, and they became holy. And they 
shall be for a sign to the sons of Israel. 
sa And Eleazar the priest took the cop- 
per censers, which those that were 
burnt had brought ; and they ham- 
mered them out into a plating for the 
altar ; 40 a memorial to the sons of 
Israel, in order that any outside man 
that was not of the seed of Aaron, 
should not draw near to burn incense 
before Jehovah ; that he be not as 
Korah and as his company ; as Jeho- 
vah said to him by the hand of Moses. 

41 But on the morrow all the con- 
gregation of the sons of Israel mur- 
mured against Moses and against 
Aaron, saying, Ye have killed the 
people of Jehovah. 42 And it came to 



pass, when the congregation was assem- 
bled against Moses and against Aaron, 
that they turned toward the tent of 
meeting ; and, behold, the cloud had 
covered it, and the glory of Jehovah ap- 
peared. 4:f And Moses and Aaron came 
to the front of the tent of meeting. 

44 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 45 Get you up from the midst 
of this congregation, and I will con- 
sume them in a moment. And they 
fell upon their faces. 

46 And Moses said to Aaron, Take 
the censer, and put fire from off the 
altar upon it, and place incense on it, 
and take it quickly to the congrega- 
tion, and make atonement for them ; 
for wrath has gone forth from before 
Jehovah ; the plague has begun. 
47 And Aaron took it as Moses com- 
manded, and ran into the midst of the 
assembly ; and, behold, the plague had 
begun among the people ; and he put 
on the incense, and made atonement 
for the people. 48 And he stood be- 
tween the dead and the living ; and 
the plague was stayed. 49 And those 
that died in the plague were fourteen 
thousand and seven hundred, besides 
those that died on account of the mat- 
ter of Korah. 50 And Aaron returned 
to Moses to the doorway of the tent of 
meeting ; and the plague was stayed. 

CHAPTER XVII 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
take from them one rod for each 
fathers' house, from all their princes 
for their fathers' houses twelve rods ; 
each man's name thou shalt write 
upon his rod. 3 And thou shalt write 
Aaron's name upon the rod of Levi; 
for each rod shall be for a head of 
their fathers' houses. 4 And thou shalt 
place them in the tent of meeting 



Ver. 32 Belonged to Korah. that had joined him. See 26 : 11. 
Ver. 34. Cry, or sound, as they were swallowed up. Ver. 39. Copper, or bronze. 

l8l 



NUMBERS XVI 1 1 



before the testimony, where I meet 
you. 5 And it shall come to pass, that 
the rod of the man whom I shall choose 
shall bud ; and I will cause to subside 
from against me the murmurings of the 
sons of Israel, which they are mur- 
muring against you. 

6 And Moses spoke to the sons of 
Israel, and all of their princes gave 
him a rod for each prince, according 
to their fathers' houses, twelve rods; 
and the rod of Aaron was among their 
rods. 7 And Moses placed the rods 
before Jehovah in the tent of the tes- 
timony. 8 And it came to pass on the 
morrow that Moses went into the tent 
of the testimony; and, behold, the 
rod of Aaron for the house of Levi 
had budded; it had brought forth 
buds, and bloomed, and matured 
almonds. 9 And Moses brought out 
all the rods from before Jehovah to all 
the sons of Israel; and they looked, 
and took each man his rod. 

10 And Jehovah said to Moses, Put 
back Aaron's rod before the testimony, 
to be kept for a sign to the rebellious; 
and thou shalt end their murmurings 
against me, that they die not. u And 
Moses did so; as Jehovah commanded 
him, so did he. 

12 And the sons of Israel spoke to 
Moses, saying, Behold, we die, we per- 
ish, we all perish. 13 Any one at all that 
draws near to the tent of Jehovah shall 
die ; shall we not wholly die ? 

CHAPTER XVIII 

1 And Jehovah said to Aaron, Thou 
and thy sons and thy father's house 
with thee shall bear the iniquity of the 
sanctuary; and thou and thy sons 
wich thee shall bear the iniquity of 
your priesthood. 2 And also thy breth- 
ren of the tribe of Levi, the tribe of 
thy father, bring thou with thee, that 
they may be joined to thee, and min- 
ister to thee; but thou and thy sons 



with thee shall minister before the 
tent of the testimony. 5 And they 
shall keep thy charge, and the charge 
of all the tent; only they shall not 
draw near to the utensils of the sanc- 
tuary, nor to the altar, that they die 
not, neither they nor you. * And 
they shall be joined to thee, and shall 
keep the charge of the tent of meet- 
ing, in reference to all the service of 
the tent; and an outsider shall not 
draw near to you. 5 And ye shall keep 
the charge of the sanctuary, and the 
charge of the altar; that there may 
not be again wrath upon the sons of 
Israel. 6 And I, behold, I have taken 
your brethren the Levites from among 
the sons of Israel; they are given to 
Jehovah as a gift to you, to do the 
service of the tent of meeting. T But 
thou and thy sons with thee shall keep 
your priesthood in reference to every 
thing of the altar, and within the veil; 
and ye shall serve; as a service of gift I 
give your priesthood; and the outsider 
that draws near shall be put to death. 
8 And Jehovah spoke to Aaron, And 
I, behold, I have given thee the charge 
of my heave offerings of all the holy 
things of the sons of Israel, to thee 
have I given them for a portion, and 
to thy sons for a perpetual allowance. 
9 This shall be thine from the most 
holy things, reserved from the fire: 
all their oblations of all their meal of- 
ferings, and of all their sin offerings, 
and of all their trespass offerings, which 
they shall render to me, shall be most 
holy for thee and for thy sons. 10 In 
a most holy place shalt thou eat it ; 
every male may eat of it ; it shall be 
holy to thee. u And this shall be 
thine : the heave offering of their gift 
in all the wave offerings of the sons of 
Israel ; I have given them to thee, and 
to thy sons and to thy daughters with 
thee, for a perpetual allowance ; every 
one that is clean in thy house may eat 



182 



NUMBERS XVIII 



of it. 12 All the best of the oil, and 
all the best of the wine, and of the 
grain, the first of them which they 
shall give to Jehovah, to thee I give 
them. 13 The firstfruits of all that is 
in their land, which they shall bring 
to Jehovah, shall be thine ; every one 
that is clean in thy house may eat of 
it. u Every thing devoted in Israel 
shall be thine. 15 Every firstborn of 
all flesh, which they shall bring to Je- 
hovah, both of man and of beast, 
shall be thine ; only the firstborn of 
man thou shalt surely redeem, and the 
firstling of unclean beast thou shalt 
redeem. 16 And those to be redeemed 
of these, from a month old shalt thou 
redeem, according to thy estimate, at 
five shekels of silver, according to the 
shekel of the sanctuary, which is 
twenty gerahs. " Only the firstling 
of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, 
or the firstling of a goat, thou shalt 
not redeem; they are holy; thou shalt 
sprinkle their blood upon the altar, 
and thou shalt burn their fat as a fire 
offering, for an odor of delight to Je- 
hovah. 18 And their flesh shall be 
thine, as the wave breast, and as the 
right shoulder, it shall be thine. 19 All 
the heave offerings of the holy things, 
which the 'sons of Israel shall heave to 
Jehovah, have I given to thee, and to 
thy sons and to thy daughters with 
thee, for a perpetual allowance ; it 
is a perpetual covenant of salt before 
Jehovah, to thee and to thy seed 
with thee. 

20 And Jehovah said to Aaron, In 
their land thou shalt have no inherit- 
ance, neither shalt thou have a por- 
tion in the midst of them; I am thy 
portion, and thy inheritance in the 
midst of the sons of Israel. 2l And, 
behold, I have given to the sons of 
Levi all the tithes in Israel for an in- 
heritance, in exchange for their service 



which they serve, the service of the 
tent of meeting. 22 And the sons of 
Israel shall not again draw near to the 
tent of meeting, to bear sin, and die. 
23 But the Levites, they shall do the 
service of the tent of meeting, and 
they shall bear their iniquity; a per- 
petual statute throughout your gen- 
erations; and in the midst of the sons 
of Israel they shall not have an inher- 
itance. " For the tithes of the sons of 
Israel, which they shall heave as a 
heave offering to Jehovah, I have 
given to the Levites for an inherit- 
ance; therefore 1 have said of them, 
In the midst of the sons of Israel they 
shall not have an inheritance. 

25 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 26 And to the Levites thou 
shalt speak, and say to them, When 
ye receive from the sons of Israel the 
tithes which I have given to you from 
them for your inheritance, ye shall 
heave from them the heave offering 
of Jehovah, a tithe of the tithe. n And 
your heave offering shall be reckoned 
to you, as the grain from the thresh- 
ing floor, and as the fulness from the 
vat. 28 Thus ye also shall heave the 
heave offering to Jehovah from all 
your tithes, which ye receive from the 
sons of Israel ; and ye shall give its 
heave offering of Jehovah to Aaron 
the priest. 29 Out of all your gifts ye 
shall heave every heave offering of 
Jehovah, out of all the best thereof, 
even its hallowed part out of it. 
30 And thou shalt say to them, When 
ye heave the best thereof from it, 
then it shall be counted to the Le- 
vites as the produce of the threshing 
floor, and as the produce of the vat. 

And ye may eat it in any place, ye and 
your households ; for it is your com- 
pensation for your service in the tent 
of meeting. 32 And ye shall not bear 
sin on account of it, when ye heave 



31 



Ver. 18. Right shoulder, or right leg. 
I8 3 



NUMBERS XIX 



from it the best of it • and the holy 
things of the sons of Israel ye shall 
not profane, that ye die not. 

CHAPTER XIX 



11 He that touches the dead body 
of any man shall be unclean seven 
days. 12 And he shall purify himself 
with it on the third day and on the 
seventh day, and he shall be clean ; 
*And Jehovah spoke to Moses and but if he purify not himself on the 
to Aaron, saying, 2 This is the statute third day and on the seventh day ; 
of the law that Jehovah has com- he shall not be clean. 13 Whoever 
manded, saying, Speak to the sons of touches the dead body of any man 
Israel, and let them fetch thee a red that dies, and does not purify himself, 
heifer, without blemish, in which there he has defiled the tabernacle of Jeho- 
is no defect, upon which there has not vah ; and that soul shall be cut off 
come a yoke. 3 And ye shall give her from Israel ; because the water of un- 
to Eleazar the priest, and he shall cleanness was not sprinkled upon him, 
bring her forth outside the camp, and he is defiled, his defilement remains 
they shall slay her before him. 4 And in him. " This is the law when a man 
Eleazar the priest shall take some of dies in a tent : all that come into the 
her blood with his finger, and sprinkle tent, and all that are in the tent, shall 
some of her blood toward the front be unclean seven days. 15 And every 
of the tent of meeting seven times, open vessel that has no cover bound 
5 And they shall burn the heifer be- upon it, shall be unclean. 16 And 
fore him ; her skin, and her flesh, whoever touches in the open field one 
and her blood, with her offal, shall that is slain with the sword, or a dead 
they burn ; 6 and the priest shall take body, or a bone of a man, or a grave, 
cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, shall be unclean seven days. " And 
and cast it into the midst of the burn- for the unclean person they shall take 
ing of the heifer. 7 Then the priest of the ashes of the burning of purifi- 
shall wash his clothes in water, and cation for sin, and shall put fresh 
shall bathe his flesh in water, and water on it in a vessel ; 18 and a man 
afterwards he shall come into the that is clean shall take hyssop, and 
camp, and the priest shall be unclean dip it into the water, and sprinkle it 
until the evening. 8 And he that burns upon the tent, and upon all the ves- 
her shall wash his clothes in water, sels, and upon the persons that were 
and bathe his flesh in water, and shall there, and upon him that touched the 
be unclean until the evening. 9 And bone, or the one slain, or the one 
a man that is clean shall gather up dead, or the grave ; 19 and the clean 
the ashes of the heifer, and place person shall sprinkle upon the unclean 
them outside the camp in a clean on the third day and on the seventh 
place, and it shall be kept for the day ; and on the seventh day he shall 
congregation of the sons of Israel for purify himself, and wash his clothes, 
water of uncleanness ; it is a purifica- and bathe himself in water, and shall 
tion for sin. 10 And he that gathers the be clean at evening. 20 But the man 
ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, that shall be unclean, and shall not 
and be unclean until the evening ; and purify himself, that soul shall be cut 
it shall be to the sons of Israel, and off from the midst of the assembly, 
to the sojourner that sojourns among because he has made unclean the 
fchom; lor a perpetual statute. sanctuary of Jehovah; the water of 

Ver. 9. Uncleanness, Heb., separation, i. e., one separated by uncleanness. 
184 



NUMBERS XX 



uncleanness has not been sprinkled 
upon him ; he is unclean. 2l And it 
shall be a perpetual statute to them : 
he that sprinkles the water of unclean- 
ness shall wash his clothes; and he that 
touches the water of uncleanness shall 
be unclean until evening. 22 xAnd who- 
ever the unclean person touches shall be 
unclean j and the person that touches 
him shall be unclean until evening. 

CHAPTER XX 

1 And the sons of Israel, the whole 
congregation, came into the desert of 
Zin in the first month j and the peo- 
ple abode in Kadesh ; and Miriam 
died there, and was buried there. 

2 And there was no water for the 
congregation ; and they assembled 
themselves together against Moses and 
against Aaron. 3 And the people con- 
tended with Moses, and spoke, say- 
ing, Would that we had died when our 
brethren died before Jehovah ! 4 And 
why have ye brought the assembly of 
Jehovah into this wilderness, that we 
and our cattle should die there ? 
5 And wherefore did ye cause us to 
come up out of Egypt, to bring us to 
this evil place? it is not a place for 
sowing, nor of figs, nor of vines, nor 
of pomegranates ; neither is there any 
water to drink. c And Moses and 
Aaron went from the presence of the 
assembly to the doorway of the tent 
of meeting ; and they fell upon their 
faces ; and the glory of Jehovah ap- 
peared to them. 

7 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 8 Take the rod, and assemble the 
congregation together, thou and Aaron 
thy brother, and ye shall speak to the 
rock before their eyes, that it may 
give its water ; and thou shalt bring 
forth to them water out of the rock • 
and thou shalt give the congregation 
drink, and their beasts. 



9 And Moses took the rod from be- 
fore Jehovah, as he commanded him. 
10 And Moses and Aaron assembled 
the assembly in front of the rock j and 
he said to them, Hear now, ye rebels, 
From this rock will we bring forth 
water for you ? " And Moses raised 
his hand, and smote the rock with his 
rod twice ; and much water came 
forth ; and the congregation drank, 
and their beasts. 

12 And Jehovah spoke to Moses and 
Aaron, Because ye did not believe in 
me, so as to sanctify me in the eyes 
of the sons of Israel, therefore ye 
shall not bring this assembly into the 
land which I have given them. "They 
are the waters of Meribah, where 
the sons of Israel strove with Jehovah, 
and he sanctified himself in them. 

u And Moses sent messengers from 
Kadesh to the king of Edom. Thus 
says thy brother Israel, Thou knowest 
all the weariness that has befallen us : 
™ how our fathers went down into 
Egypt, and we dwelt in Egypt many 
days ; and the Egyptians did evil to 
us and to our fathers j 1G and we cried 
to Jehovah, and he heard our voice, 
and sent an angel, and brought us out 
from Egypt ; and behold, we are in 
Kadesh, a city on the edge of thy 
borders. 1: Let us pass, I pray thee, 
through thy land ; we will not pass 
through the fields, nor through the 
vineyards, neither will we drink of the 
water of the wells • we will go on the 
king's road ; we will not turn to the 
right hand, nor to the left, until we 
have passed thy borders. ,8 And Edom 
said to him, Thou shalt not pass 
through me, lest I come out against 
thee with the sword. 

19 And the sons of Israel said to him, 
On the highway we will go up ; and 
if I and my cattle drink of thy water ; 
then I will give its price ; surely it is 



Ver. 13. Meribah, i. e. f strife. 
IS 5 



NUMBERS XXI 



not anything, I will pass through on | this people into my hand, then I will 

utterly destroy their cities. 3 And Je- 
hovah hearkened to the voice of Is- 
rael, and delivered up the Canaanites; 
and they utterly destroyed them and 
their cities ; and the name of the place 
was called Hormah. 

4 And they journeyed from mount 
Hor on the road to the Red sea, to go 
around the land of Edom; and the 
soul of the people was much vexed 
because of the way. 5 And the peo- 
ple spoke against God and against 
Moses, Wherefore did ye bring us up 
out from Egypt to die in the wilder- 
ness? for there is no bread, and no 
water; and our soul loathes this vile 
bread. 6 And Jehovah sent the fiery 
serpents among the people, and they 
bit the people; and much people of 
Israel died. T And the people came 
to Moses, and said, We have sinned, 
for we have spoken against Jehovah, 
and against thee; pray to Jehovah 
that he take away the serpents from us. 
And Moses prayed for the people. 

8 And Jehovah said to Moses, Make 
thou a fiery serpent, and place it upon 
a pole; and it shall come to pass, that 
every one that is bitten, when he looks 
upon it shall live. 9 And Moses made 
a serpent of bronze, and placed it 
upon a pole ; and it came to pass, that 
if the serpents had bitten any man, 
and he looked at the serpent of bronze, 
he lived. 

"And the sons of Israel journeyed 
and encamped in Oboth. And they 
journeyed from Oboth, and they en- 
camped in Ije-Abarim, in the wilder- 
ness that is before Moab, toward 
the sun rising. 12 From there they 
journeyed and encamped in the valley 
of Zered. 

13 From there they journeyed, and 
encamped on the other side of the 



my feet. ""And he said, Thou shalt 
not pass through. And Edom came 
out against him with much people and 
with a strong hand. '' Thus Edom 
refused to permit Israel to pass 
through his borders ; and Israel turned 
away from beside him. 

H And the sons of Israel, the whole 
congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, 
and came to mount Hor. 23 And Je- 
hovah spoke to Moses and Aaron in 
mount Hor, by the border of the land 
of Edom, saying/ ^ Aaron shall be 
gathered to his people; for he shall 
not enter into the land which I have 
given to the sons of Israel, because he 
rebelled against my word at the waters 
of Meribah. 25 Take Aaron and Ele- 
azar his son, and cause them to go up 
on mount Hor ; 2G and strip Aaron of 
his garments, and clothe Eleazar his 
son with them; and Aaron shall be 
gathered [unto his people], and he 
shall die there. 

27 And Moses did as Jehovah com- 
manded : and they went up on mount 
Hor in the sight of all the congrega- 
tion. a And Moses stripped Aaron of 
his garments, and clothed Eleazar his 
son with them. And Aaron died there 
in the top of the mount; and Moses 
and "Eleazar came down from the 
mount. 29 And when the whole con- 
gregation saw that Aaron had died, 
they wept for Aaron thirty days, all 
the house of Israel. 

CHAPTER XXI 

*And the Canaanite the king of 
Arad, who dwelt in the South, heard 
that Israel was coming by the way of 
the spies; and he fought against Is- 
rael, and took some of them captive. 
a Then Israel vowed a vow to Jehovah, 
and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver 



Ver. 2. Utterly destroy, Heb., devote. So ver. 3. Ver. 3. Hormah. i. e., a devoted thing. 

Ver. 8. Fiery serpent, Heb., Saraph, i. q., ver. 6 and Isa. 6 : 2. 

186 






NUMBERS XXI 



Anion, which is in the wilderness, 
that comes out of the borders of the 
Amorites ; for the Anion is the bound- 
ary of Moab, between Moab and the 
Amorites. u Wherefore it is said in 
the book of the wars of Jehovah, 

Vaheb in Supha, 

And the ravines of Anion, 

15 And the slope of the ravines, 
That turn to the dwelling of Ar, 
And lean toward the border of 

Moab. 

16 And from there to Beer \ that is 
the well whereof Jehovah said to 
Moses, Gather the people together, 
and I will give them water. 

17 Then Israel sang this song : 
Spring up O well, 
Sing ye to it ; 

18 A well — princes digged it, 
Nobles of the people opened it, 
With the sceptre, 

With their staves. 
And from the wilderness to Mattanah ; 
19 and from Mattanah to Nahaliel ; and 
from Nahaliel to Bamoth ; 20 and from 
Bamoth to the valley that is in the 
fields of xMoab, on the top of Pisgah, 
and which overlooks the Jeshimon. 

21 And Israel sent messengers to Si- 
hon king of the Amorites, saying, 22 Let 
me pass through thy land ; we will not 
turn aside into the fields, nor into the 
vineyards ; we will not drink water of 
a well ; by the king's highway we will 
go, until we shall pass over thy bor- 
ders. " But Sihon would not permit 
Israel to pass through his borders ; 
and Sihon gathered all his people to- 
gether, and went out against Israel into : 
the wilderness ; and he came to Ja- j 
haz, and fought against Israel. u And j 
Israel smote him with the edge of the 
sword, and took possession of his land 
from the Arnon to the Jabbok, even j 
to the sons of Amnion ; for the border I 
of the sons of Amnion was strong. 



25 And Israel took all these cities ; 
and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the 
Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all its 
villages ; 26 for Heshbon was the city 
of Sihon the king of the Amorites ; 
and he had fought against the former 
king of Moab, and had taken all his 
land out of his hand, as far as the 
Anion. 27 Wherefore those speaking 
in proverbs used to say, 
Come to Heshbon ; 
Built and established let be the 
city of Sihon ; 
28 For a fire has gone forth from 
Heshbon, 
A flame from the city of Sihon ; 
It has consumed Ar of Moab, the 
lords of Bamoth of the Arnon. 

29 Woe to thee, Moab ! 

Thou hast perished, O people of 

Chemosh j 
He has given his sons as fugitives, 
And his daughters as captives 
To the king of the Amorites, to 

Sihon. 

30 And we shot at them. 
Heshbon is perished as far as 

Dibon ; 
And we laid waste to Nop hah, 
With fire to Medeba. 
31 And Israel dwelt in the land of 
the Amorites. 32 And Moses sent to 
spy out Jaazer, and they captured its 
villages, and dispossessed the Amorites 
that were there. 

f? And they turned and went up the 
way to Bashan j and Og the king of 
Bashan came out against them, he and 
all his people, to the battle at Edrei. 

34 And Jehovah said to Moses, Fear 
him not ; for I have delivered him 
into thy hand, and all his people, and 
his land ; and thou shaft do to him 
as thou didst to Sihon the king of the 
Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon. 

35 And they smote him, and his sons, 
and all his people, until there was not 



Ver. 16 Beer, / 



well 



m 



NUMBERS XXII 



left to him a remnant ; and they took 
possession of his land. 

CHAPTER XXII 

And the sons of Israel journeyed 
and encamped in the plains of Moab, 
across the Jordan of Jericho. 

* And Balak the son of Zippor saw 
all that Israel had done to the Amor- 
ites ; 3 and Moab was greatly afraid of 
the people ; because they were many ; 
and Moab was anxious because of the 
sons of Israel. 4 And Moab said to the 
elders of Midian, Now this assembly 
will lick up every thing around us, as 
the ox licks up the green grass of the 
field. And Balak the son of Zippor 
was king to the Moabites at that time. 

5 And he sent messengers to Balaam 
the son of Beor, to Pethor, which is 
by the river, in the land of the sons 
of his people, to call him, saying, Be- 
hold, a people has come out from 
Egypt j behold, it covers the surface 
of the land, and it is abiding in front 
of me. 6 And now come, I pray thee, 
curse for me this people ; for he is 
stronger than I ; perhaps I shall be 
able to smite him, and I shall drive 
him out from the land ; for I know 
that he whom thou dost bless is blessed, 
and he whom thou dost curse is cursed. 

7 And the elders of Moab and the 
elders of Midian departed with the re- 
wards of divination in their hand. And 
they came to Balaam, and spoke to him 
the words of Balak. 8 And he said to 
them, Lodge here to-night, and I will 
return you word, according as Jehovah 
shall speak to me. And the princes 
of Moab abode with Balaam. 9 And 
God came to Balaam, and said, Who 
are these men with thee ? 10 And Ba- 
laam said to God, Balak the son of 
Zippor, king of Moab, has sent to me, 
saying, n Behold the people that is 



coming out from Egypt, and it covers 
the surface of the land; now come, curse 
him for me ; perhaps I shall be able to 
contend with him, and drive him out. 
12 And God said to Balaam, Thou shalt 
not go with them ; thou shalt not curse 
the people ; for it is blessed. 13 And 
Balaam arose in the morning, and said 
to the princes of Balak, Go to your 
land ; for Jehovah has refused to per- 
mit me to go with you. u And the 
princes of Moab rose up, and came to 
Balak, and said, Balaam refused to 
come with us. 

15 And again Balak sent princes, 
more, and more honorable than those. 
16 And they came to Balaam, and said 
to him, Thus says Balak the son of 
Zippor, Do not, I pray thee, be with- 
held from coming to me ; " for I will 
surely honor thee exceedingly, and I 
will do whatsoever thou sayest to me ; 
come, therefore, I pray thee, curse for 
me this people. ,8 And Balaam an- 
swered and said to the servants of Balak, 
If Balak should give to me his house 
full of silver and gold, I would not be 
able to go beyond the word of Jeho- 
vah my God, to do anything small or 
great. 19 But now, do ye also abide 
here to-night, I pray you, that I may 
know what Jehovah shall further speak 
with me. 20 And God came to Balaam 
at night, and said to him, If the men 
have come to call thee, rise up, and 
go with them ; but only the word that 
I shall speak to thee, that shalt thou 
do. 21 And Balaam arose in the morn- 
ing, and saddled his ass, and went 
with the princes of Moab. 

22 And God's anger burned because 
he was going ; and the angel of Jeho- 
vah stationed himself in the road for 
an adversary against him. Now he was 
riding on the ass, and his two servants 
were with him. 2H And the ass saw 



Ver. i. Jordan of Jericho, that part of the Jordan opposite Jericho. 
Ver. 5. The river, i. e., the Euphrates. Surface, Heb., eye ; so ver. 11 



l88 



NUMBERS XXIII 



the angel of Jehovah standing in the 
road, and his sword drawn in his 
hand ; and the ass turned aside out 
of the road, and went into the field ; 
and Balaam smote the ass, to turn her 
into the road. "Then the angel of 
Jehovah stood in a path of the vine- 
yards, there being a wall on each side. 
23 And when the ass saw the angel of 
Jehovah she thrust herself against the 
wall ; and she thrust Balaam's foot 
against the wall ; and he smote her 
again. 26 And again the angel of Je- 
hovah passed on, and stood in a nar- 
row place, where there was no way to 
turn aside, to the right hand or to the 
left. 2T And when the ass saw the 
angel of Jehovah, she lay down under 
Balaam ; and Balaam's anger burned, 
and he smote the ass with his staff. 
28 And Jehovah opened the mouth of 
the ass, and she said to Balaam, What 
have I done to thee, that thou hast 
smitten me now three times? 29 And 
Balaam said to the ass, Because thou 
hast mocked me ; if there had been a 
sword in my hand, surely now I would 
have killed thee. 30 And the ass said 
to Balaam, Am not I thine ass upon 
which thou hast ridden ever since thou 
wast until this day? Have I been ac- 
customed to do so to thee ? And he 
said, No. "Then Jehovah opened 
the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the 
angel of Jehovah standing in the road, 
and his sword drawn in his hand; and 
he bowed down, and prostrated him- 
self with his face to the ground. 32 And 
the angel of Jehovah said to him, 
Wherefore hast thou smitten thine ass 
now three times? Behold, I have 
come out as an adversary, because thy 
way is headlong in my sight. 33 And 
the ass saw me, and turned aside be- 
fore me now three times • unless she 
had turned from me, surely now even 
thee I would have slain, and saved her 



alive. Si And Balaam said to the angel 
of Jehovah, I have sinned ; for I knew 
not that thou wast standing to meet 
me in the road. Now therefore if it 
is evil in thy sight, I will turn back. 
35 And the angel of Jehovah said to 
Balaam, Go with the men ; but only 
the word that I shall speak to thee f 
that shalt thou speak. So Balaam 
went with the princes of Balak. 

36 And when Balak heard that Balaam 
was coming, he went out to meet him 
to a city of Moab that was on the bor- 
der of the Arnon, which was at the 
end of the territory. 37 And Balak 
said to Balaam, Did I not certainly 
send to thee to call thee ? wherefore 
earnest thou not to me ? Am I not 
able indeed to honor thee ? 38 And 
Balaam said to Balak, Behold, I am 
come to thee; now, am I indeed able 
to speak anything at all ? The word 
that God shall put into my mouth, 
that I will speak. 39 And Balaam went 
with Balak, and they came to Kirjath- 
huzoth. 40 And Balak sacrificed oxen 
and sheep, and sent for Balaam and 
the princes that were with him. 41 And 
it came to pass on the morrow, that 
Balak took Balaam, and brought him 
up to Bamoth-Baal, and from thence 
he saw the utmost part of the people. 

CHAPTER XXIII 

*And Balaam said to Balak, Build 
for me here seven altars, and prepare 
for me here seven oxen and seven 
rams. 2 And Balak did as Balaam had 
spoken; and Balak and Balaam offered 
on each altar a bullock and a ram. 
3 And Balaam said to Balak, Stand by 
thy burnt offering, and I will go; per- 
haps Jehovah will meet me ; and the 
message of what he causes me to see 
I will make known to thee. And he 
went to a bare height. 4 And God 
met Balaam. And he said to him, I 



Vet. 31 Opened, Heb., uncovered. 
189 



NUMBERS XXIII 



have prepared the seven altars, and I 
have offered upon each altar a bullock 
and a ram. 5 And Jehovah put a word 
into Balaam's mouth, and said, Return 
to Balak, and thus shalt thou speak. 
' And he returned to him, and behold, 
he was standing by his burnt offering, 
he and all the princes of Moab. 7 And 
he took up his proverb, and said, 

From Aram Balak king of Moab 
brings me; 

From the mountains of the east; 

Come, curse for me Jacob, 

And come, rage against Israel. 

8 How shall I curse whom God does 

not curse ? 
And how shall I rage — Jehovah 
has not raged ? 

9 For from the top of the rocks I 

see him, 
And from the hills I behold him; 
Lo, a people that shall dwell by 

itself, 
And shall not reckon himself among 

the nations. 

10 Who can measure the dust of 

Jacob, 
And by number the fourth of 

Israel ? 
Let my soul die the death of the 

upright, 
And let my end be like his. 

11 And Balak said to Balaam, What 
hast thou done to me? I fetched 
thee to curse my enemies, and, be- 
hold, thou hast surely blessed them. 
12 And he answered and said, Must I 
not take heed to speak that which Je- 
hovah shall put into my mouth ? 

13 And Balak said to him, Come, I 
pray thee, with me to another place, 
whence thou mayest see him ; only his 
utmost part thou shalt see, and all of 
him thou shalt not see; and curse him 
for me from there. 

14 And he brought him into the field 
of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah ; and 
he built seven altars, and offered a bul- 



lock and a ram on each altar. 15 And 
he said to Balak, Stand here by thy 
burnt offering, and I will meet yon- 
der. 16 And Jehovah met Balaam, and 
put a word into his mouth, and said, 
Return to Balak, and thus thou shalt 
speak. n And he came to him, and, 
behold, he was standing by his burnt 
offering, and the princes of Moab with 
him. And Balak said to him, What 
has Jehovah spoken ? 18 And he took 
up his proverb, and said, 

Rise up Balak, and hear; 

Hearken to me, thou son of Zip- 
por : 

19 Mighty God is not man that he 

should lie; 
Nor a son of man that he should 

repent. 
That he has said, and shall he not 

do it? 
And has spoken, and shall he not 

fulfill it ? . , 

20 Lo, to bless I received; 
And he has blessed, 
And I cannot revoke it. 

21 He has not beheld iniquity in 

Jacob, 
Nor has he seen fault in Israel. 
Jehovah his God is with him, 
And the acclamation of a king in 

the midst of him. 

22 Mighty God is bringing them out 

from Egypt; 
As the strength of the wild ox is his. 

23 For there is no divining in Jacob, 
Nor soothsaying in Israel; 
According to this time it shall be 

said of Jacob, 
And of Israel, What has God 
wrought ? 

24 Behold, a people ! As a lioness it 

rises up, 

And lifts itself up as a lion; 

He shall not lie down till he de- 
vours the prey, 

And drinks the blood of the slain. 
26 And Balak said to Balaam, Neither 



190 



NUMBERS XXIV 



curse them at all, nor bless them at 
all. 26 But Balaam answered and said 
to Balak, Did I not speak to thee, 
saying, All that Jehovah shall speak, 
that I will do ? 

27 And Balak said to Balaam, Come, 
I pray thee, I will bring thee to another 
place; perhaps it will please God that 
thou shouldest curse them for me from 
there. 28 And Balak brought Balaam 
to the top of Peor that overlooks the 
face of Jeshimon. 29 And Balaam said 
to Balak, Build for me here seven 
altars, and prepare here for me seven 



bullocks and seven rams. 



And 



Balak did as Balaam said, and offered 
a bullock and a ram on each altar, 

CHAPTER XXIV 

x And when Balaam saw that it 
pleased Jehovah to bless Israel, he 
went not, as at other times, to seek 
omens, but he set his face toward the 
wilderness. 2 And Balaam lifted up 
his eyes, and saw Israel encamping 
according to their tribes, and the Spirit 
of God came upon him, 3 and he took 
up his proverb, and said, 

The saying of Balaam the son of 

Beor, 
And the saying of the man with 
closed eyes; 

4 The saying of one who hears the 

words of God, 

Who sees the vision of the Al- 
mighty. 

Falling down, but having his eyes 
open : 

5 How fair are thy tents O Jacob ! 
Thy tabernacles, O Israel ! 

6 As valleys are they spread forth, 
As gardens beside a river; 

As aloes that Jehovah has planted, 
As cedar trees beside water. 

7 Water shall flow from his buckets, 
And his seed shall be in many 

waters; 



And let his king be higher than 

Agag, 
And his kingdom be exalted. 
8 God is bringing him out from 

Egypt; 
As the strength of the wild ox is his; 
He shall eat up the nations his 

adversaries, 
And shall break their bones, 
And pierce them through with his 

arrows. 
"He couched, 
He lay down as a lion, 
And as a lioness, 
Wh*) shall rouse him up ? 
Blessed be each of those blessing 

thee, 
And cursed be each of those curs- 
ing thee. 
10 And Balak' s anger burned against 
Balaam, and he smote his hands to- 
gether ; and Balak said to Balaam, To 
curse my enemies I called thee, and, 
behold, thou hast altogether blessed 
them now three times. n And now, 
flee thou to thy place. I said, I will 
certainly honor thee ; but, behold, Je- 
hovah has withheld thee from honor. 

12 And Balaam said to Balak, Is it not 
true that even to thy messengers whom 
thou didst send to me I spoke, saying, 

13 If Balak should give to me his house 
full of silver and gold, I would not be 
able to go beyond the word of Jeho- 
vah to do either good or evil of my 
own will ; what Jehovah shall speak, 
that will I speak? u And now, be- 
hold, I am going to my people ; come, 
I will advise thee what this people 
shall do to thy people in the latter 
days. 

15 And he took up his proverb and 
said, 

The saying of Balaam the son of 

Beor, 
And the saying of the man with 
closed eyes, 



Ver. 4 Open, Heb., uncovered. So ver. 16. 
IQI 



NUMBERS XXV 



16 The saying of one who hears the 
words of God, 
And who knows the knowledge of 

the Most High, 
Who sees the vision of the Al- 
mighty, 
Falling down, but having his eyes 
open : 
17 1 shall see him, but not now ; 
I shall behold him, but not nigh ; 
A star comes forth from Jacob, 
And a sceptre rises out of Israel, 
And smites the corners of Moab, 
And destroys all the sons of tumult. 

18 And Edom becomes a possession, 
And Seir becomes a possession, his 

enemies; 
And Israel acts valiantly. 

19 And let one out of Jacob have do- 

minion, 
And destroy the remnant out of 
the cities. 

20 And he saw Amalek, and he took 
up his proverb, and said, 

The beginning of nations is Amalek, 
But his end shall come to destruc- 
tion. 

21 And he saw the Kenites, and took 
up his proverb, and said, 

Durable is thy dwelling-place, 
And placed in the rock thy nest ; 

22 For shall Kain be destroyed 
Until Asshur take thee captive ? 

23 And he took up his proverb, and 
said, 

Alas ! who shall live when God 
does this ? 
2i And ships shall come from the 
coast of Chittim, 
And they shall afflict Asshur, 
And they shall afflict Eber, 
And even he shall come to de- 
struction. 
25 And Balaam rose up, and went 
and returned to his place ; and Balak 
also went his way. 



CHAPTER XXV 

1 And Israel abode in Shittim \ and 
the people began to commit whore- 
dom with the daughters of Moab. 
3 And they called the people to the 
sacrifices of their gods ; and the peo- 
ple ate ; and worshiped their gods. 
s And Israel yoked himself to Baal- 
peor ; and the anger of Jehovah 
burned against Israel. * And Jehovah 
said to Moses, take all the chiefs of 
the people, and impale them before 
Jehovah in the sight of the sun, that 
the fierce anger of Jehovah may turn 
away from Israel. 5 And Moses said to 
the judges of Israel, Slay ye each one 
his men that are yoked to Baal-peor. 

6 And, behold, a man of the sons of 
Israel came and brought to his breth- 
ren a Midianite woman in the sight of 
Moses, and in the sight of the whole 
congregation of the sons of Israel; and 
they were weeping at the doorway of 
the tent of meeting. ~ And Phineas the 
son of Eleazar the son of Aaron the 
priest saw it, and he rose up from the 
midst of the congregation, and took a 
spear in his hand ; 8 and he went in after 
the man of Israel into the alcove, and 
speared both of them, the man of 
Israel and the woman, into her secret 
parts. And the plague was stayed 
from the sons of Israel. 9 And those 
that died in the plague were twenty- 
four thousand. 

10 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, u Phineas the son of Eleazar 
the son of Aaron the priest has turned 
my wrath away from the sons of Israel, 
in his being jealous with my jealousy 
among them, and I did not consume 
the sons of Israel in my jealousy. 
12 Wherefore say, Behold, I give to 
him my covenant of peace; 13 and it 
shall be his, and his seed's after him, 



Ver. 20. Beginning, i. e., first, but here in contrast with "end. 
Ver. 4. Chiefs, Heb., heads. 

I92 



NUMBERS XXVI 



a covenant of a perpetual priesthood ; 
because he was jealous for his God, 
and made atonement for the sons of 
Israel. " Now the name of the man 
of Israel that was smitten, he who was 
smitten with the Midianite woman, 
was Zimri the son of Salu, a prince of 
a father's house belonging to the 
Simeonites. " And the name of the 
Midianite woman smitten was Cozbi 
the daughter of Zur ; he was head 
to the people of a father's house in 
Midian. 

16 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, n Be hostile to the Midianites, 
and smite them ; ,8 for they were hostile 
to you with their deceits with which 
they deceived you in the matter of 
Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi the 
daughter of the prince of Midian, their 
sister, who was smitten in the day of 
the plague in the matter of Peor. 

CHAPTER XXV I 

1 And it came to pass after the 
plague, that Jehovah spoke to Moses 
and to Eleazar the son of Aaron the 
priest, saying, 2 Take the sum of all 
the congregation of the sons of Israel, 
from twenty years old and upward, 
according to their fathers' houses, 
every one that can go out to war in 
Israel. 3 And Moses and Eleazar the 
priest spoke with them in the plains of 
Moab above the Jordan of Jericho, 
saying, 4 from twenty years 

old and upward ; as Jehovah com- 
manded Moses and the sons of Israel 
who were coming out from the land 
of Egypt. 

5 Reuben the firstborn of Israel : 
the sons of Reuben : of Hanoch, the 
family of the Hanochites ; of Pallu 
• the family of the Palluites ; 6 of Hez- 
ron the family of the Hezronites ; of 
Carmi the family of the Carmites. 



7 These are the families of the Reu- 
benites ; and those enrolled of them 
were forty-three thousand seven hun- 
dred and thirty. 8 And the sons ot 
Pallu, Eliab ; 3 and the sons of Eliab : 
Nemuel, and Dathan and Abiram. 
This is that Dathan and Abiram, 
called to councils, who strove against 
Moses and against Aaron in the com- 
pany of Korah, when they strove 
against Jehovah, 10 and the earth 
opened her mouth, and swallowed 
them up and Korah when the com- 
■ pany died, when the fire devoured 
; two hundred and fifty men ; and they 
! became a sign ; u but the sons of Korah 
did not die. 

12 The sons of Simeon, according to 
their families : of Nemuel, the family 
of the Nemuelites ; of Jamin, the 
family of the Jaminites ; of Jachin, 
the family of the Jachinites ; "of 
Zerah, the family of the Zarhites ; of 
Shaul, the family of the Shaulites. 
u These are the families of the Simeon- 
ites, twenty- two thousand and two 
hundred. 

15 The sons of Gad, according to 
their families : of Zephon, the family 
of the Zephonites ; of Haggi, the 
family of the Haggites ; of Shuni, the 
family of the Shunites ; '• of Ozni, 
the family of the Oznites ; of Eri, 
the family of the Erites ; " of Arod, 
the family of the Arodites ; of Areli, 
the family of the Arelites. "These 
are the families of the sons of Gad, 
according to those enrolled of them, 
fort}- thousand and five hundred. 

"The sons of Judah were Er and 
Onan ; and Er and Onan died in the 
land of Canaan. 20 And the sons of 
Judah, according to their families : of 
Shelah, the family of the Shelahites ; 
of Perez, the family of the Parzites ; 
of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites. 



Ver. 3. Above, or by. Ver. 4. Some words seem to have been omitted from the text. 

Ver. 9. Called to councils, or famous of the congregation. 

13 193 



NUMBERS XXVI 



21 And the sons of Perez were : of 
Hezron, the family of the Hezronites ; 
of Hamul, the family of the Hamul- 
ites. "These are the families of Ju- 
dah, according to those enrolled of 
them, seventy-six thousand and five 
hundred. 

23 The sons of Issachar, according 
to their families : of Tola, the fam- 
ily of the Tolaites 5 of Pua, the fam- 
ily of the Punites ; u of Jashub, the 
family of the Jashubites ; of Shimron, 
the family of the Shimronites. 25 These 
are the families of Issachar, according 
to those enrolled of them, sixty-four 
thousand and three hundred. 

26 The sons of Zebulun according to 
their families : of Sered, the family of 
the Sardites ; of Elon, the family of the 
Elonites ; of Jahleel, the family of the 
Jahleelites. "These are the families 
of the Zebulunites, according to those 
enrolled of them, sixty thousand and 
five hundred. 

28 The sons of Joseph, according 
to their families : Manasseh and 
Ephraim j 29 of the sons of Manas- 
seh : of Machir, the family of the 
Machirites ; and Machir begat Giiead ; 
of Giiead, the family of the Gilead- 
ites. 30 These are the sons of Giiead : 
of Jeezer, the family of the Jeezer- 
ites ; of Helek, the family of the 
Helekites ; 31 and of Asriel, the fam- 
ily of the Asrielites j and of She- 
chem, the family of the Shechemites ; 
32 and of Shemida, the family of the 
Shemidaites j and of Hepher, the 
family of the Hepherites. 33 And 
Zelophehad the son of Hepher had 
no sons, but daughters ; and the 
names of the daughters of Zelophe- 
had were Mahlah, and Noah, Hog- 
Jah, Milcah, and Tirzah. "'These are 
the families of Manasseh ; and those 
enrolled of them were fifty-two thou- 
sand and seven hundred. 

"These are the sons of Ephraim 



according to their families : of Shu- 
thelah, the family of the Shuthal- 
hites ; of Becher, the family of the 
Bach rites ; of Tahan, the family of 
the Tahanites. 36 And these are the 
sons of Shuthelah : of Eran, the 
family of the Eranites. 37 These are 
the families of the sons of Ephraim, 
according to those enrolled of them, 
thirty-two thousand and five hundred. 
These are the sons of Joseph accord- 
ing to their families. 

38 The sons of Benjamin according 
to their families : of Bela, the family 
of the Belaites ; of Ashbel, the fam- 
ily of the Ashbelites ; of Ahiram, 
the family of the Ahiramites ; 39 of 
Shupham, the family of the Shupham- 
ites ; of Hupham, the family of the 
Huphamites. 40 And the sons of Bela 
were Ard and Naaman ; [of Ard] the 
family of the Ardites ; of Naaman, 
the family of the Naamites. 41 These 
are the sons of Benjamin according 
to their families, and those enrolled 
of them, forty-five thousand and six 
hundred. 

42 These are the sons of Dan ac- 
cording to their families : of Shuham, 
the family of the Shuhamites. These 
are the families of Dan according to 
their families. 4:i All the families of 
the Shuhamites, according to those 
enrolled of them sixty-four thousand 
and four hundred. 

44 The sons of Asher according to 
their families : of Jimna, the family 
of the Jimnites ; of Jesui, the family 
of the Jesuites ; of Beriah, the fam- 
ily of the Beriites. 45 Of the sons ol 
Beriah : of Heber, the family of the 
Heberites ; of Malchiel, the family 
of the Malchielites. ^And the name 
of the daughter of Asher was Serah. 
47 These are the families of the sons 
of Asher, according to those enrolled 
of them fifty-three thousand and foui 
hundred. 



194 



NUMBERS XXVII 



48 The sons of Naphtali according to 
their families : of Jahzeel, the family 
of the Jahzeelites ; of Guni, the family 
of the Gunites ; 49 of Jezer, the family 
of the Jezerites ; of Shillem, the family 
of the Shillemites. M These are the 
families of Naphtali according to their 
families ; and those enrolled of them 
were forty-five thousand and four hun- 
dred. 51 These were the enrolled of the 
sons of Israel, six hundred and one 
thousand seven hundred and thirty. 

52 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 5i To these the land shall be 
divided by inheritance according to 
the number of names. 5 * To the one 
having many thou shalt increase his 
inheritance, and to the one having 
few thou shalt decrease his inherit- 
ance ; to each his inheritance shall be 
given according to the number of his 
enrolled. 55 And by lot the land shall 
be divided ; according to the names 
i of the tribes of their fathers they 
shall inherit. 56 According to the lot 
the inheritance of each shall be di- 
vided, distinguishing between the 



;:many and the few. 

57 And these are the enrolled of the 
. Levites according to their families : of 
Gershon, the family of the Gershon- 
ites ; of Kohath, the family of the 
jKohathites; of Merari, the family of 
[the Merarites. 58 These are the fam- 
ilies of the Levites : the family of the 
: Libnites, the family of the Hebron- 
[ites, the family of the Mahlites, the 
family of the Mushites, the family 
of the Korathites. And Kohath be- 
gat Ararara. 59 And the name of 
iAmram's wife was Jochebed, the 
,' daughter of Levi, who was born to 
' Levi in Egypt ; and she bore to Am- 
ram, Aaron and Moses, and Miriam 
'their sister. w And to Aaron was born 
Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Itha- 
mar. 61 And Nadab and Abihu died, 



when they offered strange fire before 
Jehovah. 62 And those enrolled of 
them were twenty -three thousand, 
every male from a month old and up- 
ward ; for they were not enrolled 
among the sons of Israel, because there 
was not given to them an inheritance 
among the sons of Israel. 

63 These were those enrolled by 
Moses and Eleazar the priest, who en- 
rolled the sons of Israel in the plains 
of Moab above the Jordan of Jericho. 
64 And among these there was not a 
man of those enrolled by Moses and 
Aaron the priest, who enrolled the 
sons of Israel in the wilderness of 
Sinai ; 65 for Jehovah had said of them, 
They shall surely die in the wilder- 
ness. • And there was not left of them 
a man, except Caleb the son of Je- 
phunneh and Joshua the son of Nun. 

CHAPTER XXVII 

1 Then drew near the daughters of 
Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the 
son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the 
son of Manasseh, of the fainilies of 
Manasseh the son of Joseph ; and 
these were the names of his daughters : 
Mahlah, Noah, and Hoglah, and Mil- 
cah, and Tirzah. 2 And they stood 
before Moses, and before Eleazar the 
priest, and before the princes, and be- 
fore all the congregation, at the door- 
way of the tent of meeting, saying, 
3 Our father died in the wilderness, 
and he was not among the company 
of those that gathered themselves to- 
gether against Jehovah in the com- 
pany of Korah ; but he died in his 
own sin ; and he had no sOns. 4 Why 
should the name of our father be taken 
away from among his family because 
he had no son ? Give to us a posses- 
sion among the brethren of our father. 
5 And Moses brought their case before 
Jehovah. 



Ver. 63. Above, or by. 
195 



NUMBERS XXVIII 



6 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 7 The daughters of Zelophehad 
speak rightly : thou shalt surely give 
them a possession of an inheritance 
among their father's brethren ; and 
thou shalt cause the inheritance of 
their father to pass over to them. 
8 And thou shalt speak to the sons of 
Israel, saying, When a man shall die, 
who has no son, then ye shall cause 
his inheritance to pass over to his 
daughter. 9 And if he have no daugh- 
ter, then ye shall give his inheritance 
to his brothers. 10 And if he have no 
brothers, then ye shall give his inherit- 
ance to his father's brothers. n And 
if his father have no brothers, then ye 
shall give his inheritance to his blood 
relation that is next to him of his fam- 
ily, and he shall possess it. And it 
shall be to the sons of Israel a statute 
of judgment, as Jehovah commanded 
Moses. 

12 And Jehovah said to Moses, Get 
thee up into this mount Abarim, and 
see the land which I have given to the 
sons of Israel ; 13 and when thou hast 
seen it, thou also shalt be gathered 
to thy people, as Aaron thy brother 
was gathered. u Because ye rebelled 
against my word in the desert of Zin, 
in the strife of the congregation, to 
sanctify me by the waters before their 
eyes, by the waters of strife at Kadesh 
in the wilderness of Zin. 

15 And Moses spoke to Jehovah, say- 
ing, 16 Let Jehovah God of the spirits 
of all flesh appoint a man over the 
congregation, " who shall go out be- 
fore them, and who shall come in be- 
fore them, and who shall lead them 
out,- and who shall bring them in ; that 
the congregation of Israel be not as 
sheep that have no shepherd. 

18 And Jehovah said to Moses, Take 
to thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man 
in whom is spirit; and thou shalt lay 

Vcr. 4. At evening, Heb 



thy hand upon him ; 19 and cause him 
to stand before Eleazar the priest, and 
before the whole congregation ; and 
charge him in their sight ; 20 and thou 
shalt put of thy majesty upon him, in 
order that all the congregation of the 
sons of Israel may hearken. 21 And 
he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, 
who shall inquire for him by the judg- 
ment of the Urim before Jehovah ; in 
accordance with his word they shall go 
out, and in accordance with his word 
they shall come in, both he, and all 
the sons of Israel with him, even the 
whole congregation. 22 And Moses did 
as Jehovah commanded ; and he took 
Joshua, and caused him to stand be- 
fore Eleazar the priest, and before the 
whole congregation ; w and he laid 
his hands upon him, and charged him 
as Jehovah commanded Moses. 

CHAPTER XXVIII 
1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 



ing, 2 Command the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, My oblation, my food 
for my fire offerings, my odor of de- 
light, shall ye observe to offer to me 
in its season. 3 And thou shalt say to 
them, This is the fire offering that ye 
shall offer to Jehovah : two yearling, 
lambs without blemish each day as a 
continual burnt offering. 4 The onej 
lamb thou shalt offer in the morning,! 
and the other lamb thou shalt offer al; 
evening. 5 And the tenth of an ephar : 
of fine flour for a meal offering, pourec. 
over with the fourth of a hin of beaterl 
oil. 6 It is a continual burnt offering, 
which was ordained in mount Sinaj 
for an odor of delight, a fire offering 
to Jehovah. 7 And its drink offering; 
the fourth of a hin for each lamb, m 
the holy place pour out a drink offer! 
ing of strong drink to Jehovah. 8 An<[ 
the other lamb thou shalt offer aj 
evening. Like the meal offering cj| 

between the evenings. Also ver. 8. 
I96 



NUMBERS XXIX 



the morning, and like its drink offer- 
ing, thou shalt offer a fire offering of 
an odor of delight to Jehovah. 

9 And on the sabbath day two year- 
ling lambs without blemish, and two 
tenths of fine flour for a meal offering 
poured over with oil, and its drink 
offering. 10 This is the burnt offering 
of every sabbath, besides the continual 
burnt offering, and its drink offering. 

11 And on the firsts of your months 
ye shall offer a burnt offering to Jeho- 
vah : two young bullocks, and one 
ram, seven yearling lambs without 
blemish ; 12 and three tenths of fine 
flour for a meal offering poured over 
with oil for each bullock ; and two 
tenths of fine flour for a meal offer- 
ing, poured over with oil, for the one 
ram ; 13 and a tenth of fine flour poured 
over with oil for a meal offering for 
each lamb ; a burnt offering, an odor 
of delight, a fire offering to Jehovah. 
w And their drink offerings shall be 
half a hin of wine for a bullock, and a 
third of a hin for a ram, and a fourth 
of a hin for a lamb ; this is the burnt 
offering for each month throughout 
the months of the year. 15 And one 
goat for a sin offering to Jehovah, be- 
sides the continual burnt offering and 
its drink offering. 

"And in the first month, on the 
fourteenth day of the month, is the 
passover to Jehovah. l7 And on the 
fifteenth day of this month is the feast; 
seven days shall unleavened bread be 
eaten. 18 On the first day shall be a 
holy convocation ; ye shall not do any 
work of labor ; 19 and ye shall offer a 
fire offering, a burnt offering to Jeho- 
vah : two young bullocks, and one 
ram, and seven yearling lambs ; they 
shall be to you without blemish. 20 And 
their meal offering of fine flour poured 
over with oil : three tenths shall ye 
offer for a bullock, and two tenths for 
a ram ; n a tenth shalt thou offer for 



each of the seven lambs. 22 And one 
goat for a sin offering, to make atone- 
ment for you. 23 Besides the morning 
burnt offering, which is for the con- 
tinual burnt offering, ye shall offer 
these. " As these ye shall offer daily, 
seven days, the food of a fire offering 
of an odor of delight to Jehovah ; it 
shall be offered besides the continual 
burnt offering, and its drink offering. 
25 And on the seventh day ye shall 
have a holy convocation ; ye shall not 
do any work of labor. 

26 And on the day of the firstfruits, 
when ye bring a new meal offering to 
Jehovah, in your feast of weeks, ye 
shall have a holy convocation ; ye 
shall not do any work of labor. 27 And 
ye shall offer a burnt offering for an 
odor of delight to Jehovah : two young 
bullocks, one ram, seven yearling 
lambs ; -' 8 and their meal offering of 
fine flour poured over with oil, three 
tenths for one bullock, two tenths for 
one ram, 29 a tenth for each of the 
seven lambs. 30 One goat to make 
atonement for you. 31 Besides the con- 
tinual burnt offering, and its meal offer- 
ing, ye shall offer them, and their 
drink offerings. They shall be to 
you without blemish. 

CHAPTER XXIX 

1 And in the seventh month, on the 
first day of the month, ye shall have a 
holy convocation; ye shall not do any 
work of labor ; it shall be to you a 
day of blowing of trumpets. 2 And 
ye shall offer a burnt offering for an 
odor of delight to Jehovah: one young 
bullock, one ram, seven yearling lambs 
without blemish; 3 and their meal offer- 
ing of fine flour poured over with oil : 
three tenths for a bullock, two tenths 
for a ram, * and one tenth for each of 
the seven lambs. 5 And one goat for 
a sin offering, to make atonement for 
you ; 6 besides the burnt offering of 



197 



NUMBERS XXIX 



the month, and itj meal offering, and 
. ontinual burnt offering, and its 
meal offering, and their drink offer- 
ings, aecording to their ordinance, for 
an odor of delight, a fire offering to 
Jehovah. 

: And on the tenth day of this sev- 
enth month ye shall have a holy con- 
vocation ; and ye shall afflict your 
souLs. ye shall not do any work ; b and 
ye shall offer a burnt offering to Jeho- 
vah, an odor of delight : one young 
bullock, one ram, seven yearling lambs, 
they shall be to you without blemish j 
9 and their meal offering of fine flour 
poured over with oil : three tenths for 
a bullock, two tenths for a ram, 10 one 
tenth for each of the seven lambs. 
11 One goat for a sin offering ; besides 
the sin offering of atonement, and the 
continual burnt offering, and its meal 
offering, and their drink offerings. 

" And on the fifteenth day of the 
seventh month ye shall have a holy 
convocation ; ye shall not do any work 
of labor, and ye shall keep a feast to 
Jehovah seven days; ls and ye shall 
offer a burnt offering, a fire offering of 
ail odor of delight to Jehovah ; thir- 
teen young bullocks, two rams, four- 
teen yearling lambs ; they shall be 
without blemish ; u and their meal 
offering of fine flour poured over with 
oil ; three tenths for each of the thir- 
teen bullocks, two tenths for each of 
the two rams, 15 and a tenth for each 
of the fourteen lambs ; 16 and one goat 
tor a sin offering ; besides the con- 
tinual burnt offering, its meal offering, 
•uid its drink offering. 

1 And on the second day, twelve 
?g bullocks, two rams, fourteen 
ling lambs, without blemish ; 18 and 
1 offering and their drink offer- 
ings for the bullocks, for the rams and 
ft' r ll according to tjieir num- 

lo the ordinance ; '''and 
one goat for a sin offering j besides the 



continual burnt offering, and its meal 
offering, and their drink offerings. 

20 And on the third day, eleven bul- 
locks, two rams, fourteen yearling 
lambs, without blemish ; 21 and their 
meal offering, and their drink offer- 
ings, for the bullocks, for the rams, 
and for the lambs, according to their 
number, according to the ordinance j 
22 and one goat for a sin offering ; be- 
sides the continual burnt offering, and 
its meal offering, and its drink offering. 

23 And on the fourth day, ten bul- 
locks, two rams, fourteen yearling 
lambs, without blemish ; u their meal 
offering, and their drink offerings, for 
the bullocks, for the rams, and for the 
lambs, according to their number, ac- 
cording to the ordinance ; 25 and one 
goat for a sin offering ; besides the 
continual burnt offering, its meal offer- 
ing and its drink offering. 

26 And' on the fifth day, nine bul- 
locks, two rams, fourteen yearling 
lambs, without blemish ; 27 and their 
meal offering and their drink offerings, 
for the bullocks, for the rams, and for 
the lambs, according to their number, 
according to the ordinance ; 28 and one 
goat for a sin offering ; besides the 
continual burnt offering, and its meal 
offering, and its drink offering. 

29 And on the sixth day, eight bul- 
locks, two rams, fourteen lambs, with- 
out blemish; 30 and their meal offer- 
ing and their drink offerings for the 
bullocks, for the rams, and for the 
lambs, according to their number, ac- 
cording to the ordinance; 31 and one 
goat for a sin offering; besides the 
continual burnt offering, its meal 
offering, and its drink offering. 

32 And on the seventh day, seven j 
bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs, j 
without blemish; 33 and their meal, 
offering and their drink offerings, for 
the bullocks, for the rams, and forj 
the lambs, according to their number, 



NUMBERS XXX 



according to the ordinance ; 34 and one 
goat for a sin offering; besides the 
continual burnt offering, its meal of- 
fering, and its drink offering. 

And on the eighth day ye shall 
have a religious assembly; ye shall 
not do any work of labor; ^and ye 
shall offer a burnt offering, a fire of- 
fering of an odor of delight to Jeho- 
vah : one bullock, one ram, seven 
yearling lambs, without blemish ; 
31 their meal offering and their drink 
offerings, for the bullock, for the ram-, 
and for the lambs, according to their 
number, according to the ordinance; 
""and one goat for a sin offering; be- 
sides the continual burnt offering and 
its meal offering, and its drink offering. 
3 " These shall ye offer to Jehovah in 
your appointed feasts ; besides your 
vows, and your freewill offerings, for 
your burnt offerings, and for your 
meal offerings, and for your drink of- 
ferings, and for your peace offerings. 
40 And Moses told the sons of Israel 
according to all that Jehovah com- 
manded Moses. 

CHAPTER XXX 

1 And Moses spoke to the heads of 
the tribes of the sons of Israel, say- 
ing, This is the thing which Jehovah 
has commanded: "When a man shall 
vow a vow to Jehovah, or swear an 
oath to bind his soul with a bond; he 
shall not profane his word, he shall do 
according to all that proceeds out of 
his mouth. 3 And when a woman 
snail vow a vow to Jehovah, or bind 
herself by a bond, while in her father's 
house in her youth : 4 and her father 
hears her vow, or her bond with which 
she has bound her soul, and her father 
holds his peace at her ; then all her 
vows shall stand, and every bond with 
which she has bound her soul shall 
stand. 5 But if her father disallow 
her in the day that he hears; none of 



her vows, or of her bonds with which 
she has bound her soul shall stand; 
and Jehovah will forgive her, because 
her father disallowed her. (i Or if she 
shall at all come to be married, her 
vows being on her, or the thoughtless 
utterances of her lips, with which she 
has bound her soul; 7 and her hus- 
band hear, and hold his peace at her 
in the day that he hears; then her 
vows shall stand, or her bonds with 
which she bound her soul shall stand. 
H But if on the day her husband hears 
it, he shall disallow- her, then he shall 
make void her vow which was on her, 
or the thoughtless utterances of her 
lips, with which she had bound her 
soul, and Jehovah will forgive her. 

* But a vow of a widow, or of a di- 
vorced woman, everything with which 
she has bound her soul, shall remain 
upon her. J0 Or if in the house of her 
husband one has vowed, or bound her 
soul by a bond with an oath ; " and 
her husband heard it, and held his 
peace at her, and did not disallow 
her; then all her vows shall stand, and 
every bond with which she bound her 
soul shall stand. J " But if her husband 
shall indeed make them void on the 
day he hears them; then anything 
proceeding from her lips, of her vows, 
or of the bond of her soul, shall not 
stand; her husband has made them 
void; and Jehovah will forgive her. 
13 Any vow, and any binding oath to 
afflict the soul, her husband may cause 
it to stand, or her husband may make 
it void. But if her husband shall 
indeed hold his peace at her from day 
to day; then he causes to stand all 
her' vows, or all her bonds that are 
upon her; he causes them to stand, 
because he held his peace at her in 
the day that he heard them. 15 But 
if he shall at all make them void after 
he has heard them ; then he shall bear 
her iniquity. 



T 99 



NUMBERS XXXI 



"These are the statutes that Jeho- 
vah pommanded Moses, between a 
man and his wife, between a father 
and his daughter, while in her youth 
in her father's house. 

CHAPTER XXXI 

And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, * Avenge the sons of Israel of the 
Midianites; afterwards thou shalt be 
gathered to thy people. 3 And Moses 
spoke to the people, saying, Some of 
you arm yourselves for the war, and 
let them go against Midian, to put the 
vengeance of Jehovah upon Midian ; 
* a thousand from each of all the tribes 
of Israel ye shall send to the war. 
And there were separated out of the 
thousands of Israel, a thousand from 
every tribe, twelve thousand armed 
for war. 6 And Moses sent them, a 
thousand from each tribe, to the war, 
them and Phineas the son of Eleazar 
the priest, to the war, with the holy in- 
struments, the trumpets to blow in his 
hand. 7 And they warred against Mid- 
ian, as Jehovah commanded Moses ; 
and they slew all the males; 8 and they 
slew the kings of Midian with the rest 
of their slain: Evi, and Rekem, and 
Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the five kings 
ol Midian; Balaam also the son of Beor 
they slew with the sword. 9 And the 
sons of Israel took the women of Mid- 
ian captives, and their little ones; and 
they took as booty all their cattle, and 
all their flocks, and all their goods. 
'•And all their cities, in the places 
where they dwelt, and all their en- 
pments, they burnt with fire; n and 
bed all the spoil, and all the 
l>ooty, both of men and beasts. 12 And 

I 'i ought to Moses and to Eleazar 
the priest, and to the whole congrega- 
tion of the sons of Israel, the captives, 

the booty, and the spoil, to the 
1 •""!». to the plains of Moab, which 

bove tin- Jordan at fericho. 



13 And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, 
and all the princes of the congregation 
went forth to meet them outside the 
camp. u And Moses was wroth with 
the officers of the army, the captains 
of the thousands, and the captains of 
the hundreds, who were coming from 
the service of the war. 15 And Moses 
said to them, Have ye saved every 
female alive ? 16 Behold, these caused 
the sons of Israel, through the counsel 
of Balaam, to commit trespass against 
Jehovah in the matter of Peor, and 
the plague was among the congrega- 
tion of Jehovah. " Now therefore 
slay every male among the little ones, 
and slay every woman that has known 
man by lying with him. 18 But all the 
little ones among the women that have 
not known the lying with a man, keep 
alive for yourselves. 19 And do ye 
encamp outside the camp seven days j 
every one that has killed any person, 
and every one that has touched the 
slain, purify yourselves on the third 
day, and on the seventh day, you and 
your captives. 20 And every garment, 
and every article of skin, and every- 
thing made of goats' hair, and every 
article of wood, ye shall purify. 

21 And Eleazar the priest said to the 
men of war that entered into the bat- 
tle, This is the statute of the law which 
Jehovah has commanded Moses : 

22 Only the gold, and the silver, the 
copper, the iron, the tin, and the lead, 

23 everything that may enter the fire, 
ye shall cause to pass through the fire, 
and it shall be clean ; nevertheless it 
shall be purified with the water of un- 
cleanness ; and anything that may not 
enter the fire ye shall cause to pass 
through water. 24 And ye shall wash 
your clothes on the seventh day, and 
ye shall be clean, and afterwards ye 
shall come into the camp. 

25 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, 26 Take the sum of what was 






NUMBERS XXXI 



taken captive, both of man and of 
beast, thou, and Eleazar the priest, 
and the heads of the fathers' houses 
of the congregation ; * 7 and divide the 
booty into two parts between those 
engaging in the war, who went out to 
battle, and the whole congregation ; 
28 and levy a tribute for Jehovah of 
the men of war who went out to bat- 
tle : one soul of five hundred, both 
of the men and of the cattle, and of 
the asses, and of the flocks ; 29 from 
their half ye shall take it, and give it 
to Eleazar the priest, for a heave of- 
fering to Jehovah. 30 And of the sons 
of Israel's half thou shalt take one 
portion of fifty, of the men, of the 
cattle, of the asses, and of the flocks, 
of all manner of beasts, and give 
them to the Levites who keep the 
charge of the tabernacle of Jehovah. 
31 And Moses and Eleazar the priest 
did as Jehovah commanded Moses. 
32 And tiie booty, the remnant of the 
spoil that the men of war had taken 
was [thisl : sheep, six hundred and 
seventy-five thousand ; 33 and oxen, 
seventy-two thousand ; 34 and asses, 
sixty-one thousand ; :;5 and persons, 
of the women that had not known the 
lying with a man, all the persons, 
thirty-two thousand. 36 And the half, 
the portion of those that went out to 
the war, was, the number of the sheep, 
three hundred and thirty-seven thou- 
sand and five hundred ; :;7 and the 
tribute for Jehovah of the sheep was 
six hundred and seventy-five. 38 And 
the oxen were thirty-six thousand ; 
and the tribute of them for Jehovah 



was seventy- two. 



And the asses 



were thirty thousand and five hun- 
dred ; and the tribute of them for 
Jehovah was sixty-one. '"And the 
persons were sixteen thousand ; and 
the tribute of them for Jehovah was 
thirty-two persons. 



41 And Moses gave the tribute of 
the heave offering of Jehovah to Elea- 
zar the priest, as Jehovah commanded 
Moses. 

42 And of the sons of Israel's half, 
which Moses divided from the men 
that warred, ( 43 now the congregation's 
half was three hundred and thirty- 
seven thousand and five hundred 
sheep ; 4i and oxen, thirty-six thou- 
sand \ 45 and asses, thirty thousand 
and five hundred ; 45 and persons, 
sixteen thousand ;) 4T of the sons of 
Israel's half, Moses took one por- 
tion of fifty, both of man and of 
beast, and gave them to the Levites, 
who kept the charge of the tabernacle 
of Jehovah ; as Jehovah commanded 
Moses. 

48 And the officers that belonged to 
the thousands of the host, the cap- 
tains of thousands, and captains of 
hundreds, came near to Moses ; 4[) and 
they said to Moses, Thy servants have 
taken the sum of the men of war, who 
are under our command, and there is 
not missing from us a man. 50 And 
we have brought the oblation of Je- 
hovah, what each one came across, 
articles of gold, arm bands, and brace- 
lets, signet rings, earrings, and beads, 
to make atonement for our souls be- 
fore Jehovah. 51 And Moses and Ele- 
azar the priest received the gold from 
them, all the wrought articles. 52 And 
all the gold of the heave offering that 
they heaved to Jehovah, of the cap- 
tains of thousands, and of the captains 
of hundreds, was sixteen thousand 
seven hundred and fifty shekels. 
53 The men of war had taken spoil, 
each for himself. 54 And Moses and 
Eleazar the priest received the gold 
from the captains of thousands and of 
hundreds, and brought it into the tent 
of meeting, as a memorial for the sons 
of Israel before Jehovah. 



Ver. 49. Command, Heb., hand. 
20I 



NUMBERS XXXII 



CHAPTER XXXII 

1 Now the sons of Reuben and the 
sons of Gad had a very great multi- 
tude of cattle j and they saw the land 
of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, and, 
behold, the place was a place for cat- 
tle ; 2 and the sons of Gad and the 
sons of Reuben came, and spoke to 
Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and 
to the princes of the congregation, 
saying, 3 Ataroth, and Dibon, and 
Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, 
and Elealah, and Shebam, and Nebo, 
and Beon, 4 the land which Jehovah 
smote before the congregation of Is- 
rael, is a land for cattle, and thy serv- 
ants have cattle ; 5 and said they, if 
we have found favor in thy sight, let 
this land be given to thy servants for 
a possession, do not cause us to cross 
the Jordan. 6 And Moses said to the 
sons of Gad, and to the sons of Reu- 
ben, Shall your brethren go to the 
war, and ye dwell here?. 7 And why 
will ye discourage the heart of the 
sons of Israel from going over into 
the land which Jehovah has given to 
them ? 8 Thus did your fathers, when 
I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to 
see the land. 9 And they went up to 
the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, 
and they discouraged the heart of the 
sons of Israel, not to go over into the 
land which Jehovah had given to 
them. 10 And the anger of Jehovah 
burned on that day, and he swore, 
saying, n The men that are coming up 
from Egypt, from twenty years old 
and upward, shall not see the land of 
which 1 swore to Abraham, to Isaac, 
and to Jacob, because they have not 
wholly followed me; H except Caleb 
the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, 
;ind Joshua the son of Nun ; for they 
li.i\<- wholly followed Jehovah. 13 And 
the anger of Jehovah burned against 
Israel, and he made them wander in 



the wilderness forty years, until all the 
generation, who had done evil in the 
sight of Jehovah, was consumed. 
14 And, behold, ye rise up in your 
fathers' stead, an increase of sinful 
men, to augment the burning anger 
of Jehovah against Israel. 15 For ye 
will turn back from after him, and he 
will continue still to leave them in the 
wilderness ; and ye will destroy all 
this people. 

16 And they came near to him, and 
said, We will build sheepfolds here for 
our flocks, and cities for our families ; 
17 but as for us, we will arm ourselves 
going readily before the sons of Is- 
rael, until we have brought them to 
their place ; and our families shall 
dwell in the fortified cities on account 
of the inhabitants of the land. 18 We 
will not return to our houses, until the 
sons of Israel have inherited each man 
his inheritance ; 19 for we will not in- 
herit with them across the Jordan and 
beyond ; for our inheritance has come 
to us across the Jordan eastward. 

20 And Moses said to them, If ye 
will do this thing, if ye will arm your- 
selves before Jehovah for the war, 
21 and will go every one of you armed 
over the Jordan before Jehovah until 
he has dispossessed his enemies from 
before him, 22 and the land has been 
subdued before Jehovah, and after- 
wards ye shall return ; then ye shall 
be guiltless before Jehovah and before 
Israel ; and this land shall be your 
possession before Jehovah. 23 But ii 
ye shall not do so ; behold, ye have 
sinned against Jehovah, and know ye 
your sin which shall befall you. 2 * Build 
you cities for your families, and folds 
for your flocks, and that which pro- 
ceeds from your mouth ye shall do. 

25 And the sons of Gad and the sons 
of Reuben spoke to Moses, saying, 
Thy servants will do as my lord com- 
mands. 26 Our little ones, our wives, 



102 






NUMBERS XXXIII 



our flocks, and all our cattle, shall re- 
main there in the cities of Gilead ; 
" but thy servants will pass over, every 
man armed for battle before Jehovah 
to the war, as my lord commands. 

28 And Moses gave command con- 
cerning them to Eleazar the priest, 
and Joshua the son of Nun, and the 
heads of the fathers' houses of the 
tribes of the sons of Israel ; 29 and 
Moses said to them, If the sons of Gad 
and the sons of Reuben shall pass with 
you over the Jordan, every man armed 
for battle, before Jehovah, and the 
land be subdued before you ; then ye 
shall give them the land of Gilead for 
a possession. 30 But if they do not 
pass over with you armed, then they 
shall have possessions among you in 
the land of Canaan. 31 And the sons 
of Gad and the sons of Reuben an- 
swered, saying, As Jehovah has said 
to thy servants so will we do. 32 We 
will pass over armed before Jehovah 
into the land of Canaan, and let the 
possession of our inheritance be with 
us across the Jordan. 

33 And Moses gave to them, to the 
sons of Gad, and to the sons of Reu- 
ben, and to half the tribe of Manasseh 
the son of Joseph, the kingdom of 
Sihon king of the Amorites, and the 
kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the 
land, according to its cities, with the 
borders of the cities of the land round 
about. 

34 And the sons of Gad built Dibon, 
and Ataroth, and Aroer, 35 and Atroth, 
Shophan, and Jazer, and Jogbehah, 
36 and Beth-nimrah, and Beth-haran, 
fortified cities ; and folds for flocks. 

37 And the sons of Reuben built Hesh- 
bon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim, 
88 and Nebo, and Baal-meon, (their 
names being changed) and Shibmah j 
and they called by names the names 
of the cities which they built. 



39 And the sons of Machir the son 
Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, 
and dispossessed the Amorite who was 
in it. *■ And Moses gave Gilead to 
Machir the son of Manasseh ; and he 
dwelt in it. 41 And Jair the son of 
Manasseh went and took their small 
towns, and called them Havoth-jair. 
42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, 
and its villages, and called it Nobah 
after his own name. 

CHAPTER XXXIII 

1 These are the journeys of the sons 
of Israel, who went out from the land 
of Egypt according to their hosts by the 
hand of Moses and Aaron. 2 And Moses 
wrote their goings out according to 
their journeys at the command of Je- 
hovah ; and these are their journeys ac- 
cording to their goings out ; 3 and they 
journeyed from Rameses in the first 
month, on the fifteenth day of the first 
month ; on the morrow after the pass- 
over the sons of Israel went out with a 
high hand in the sight of all the Egyp- 
tians ; 4 for the Egyptians were bury- 
ing those whom Jehovah had smitten 
among them, every first born, and 
against their gods Jehovah executed 
judgments. 5 And the sons of Israel 
journeyed fromRameses and encamped 
in Succoth ; 6 and they journeyed from 
Succoth, and encamped in Etham, 
which is on the edge of the wilder- 
ness ; 7 and they journeyed from 
Etham, and turned back toward Pi- 
hahiroth, which is opposite Baal-ze- 
phon, and they encamped before Mig- 
dol ; 8 and they journeyed from before 
Pi-hahiroth, and passed through the 
midst of the sea into the wilderness, 
and went a three days' journey in the 
wilderness of Etham, and encamped 
in Marah ; 9 and they journeyed from 
Marah, and came to Elim • and in 
Elim were twelve fountains of water, 



Ver. 41. Havoth, i. e., small towns. 
203 



NUMBERS XXXIII 



and seventy palm trees ; and they en- 
camped there ; 10 and they journeyed 
from Elim, and encamped by the Red 
sea j u and they journeyed from the 
Red sea, and encamped in the wilder- 
ness of Sin j 12 and they journeyed 
from the wilderness of Sin, and en- 
camped in Dophkah j 13 and they jour- 
neyed from Dophkah, and encamped 
in Alush ; 14 and they journeyed from 
Alush, and encamped in Rephidim, 
and there was no water there for the 
people to drink • 15 and they journeyed 
from Rephidim, and encamped in the 
wilderness of Sinai ; 16 and they jour- 
neyed from the wilderness of Sinai, 
and encamped at Kibroth-hattaavah j 
"and they journeyed from Kibroth- 
hattaavah, and encamped at Haze- 
roth • 18 and they journeyed from Ha- 
zeroth, and encamped in Rithmah ; 

19 and they journeyed from Rithmah, 
and encamped at Rimmon-parez j 

20 and they journeyed from Rimmon- 
parez, and encamped in Libnah ; 21 and 
they journeyed from Libnah, and en- 
< amped at Rissah; 22 and they jour- 
neyed from Rissah, and encamped at 
Kehelathah ; n and they journeyed 
from Kehelathah, and encamped in 
mount Shapher ; 24 and they journeyed 
from mount Shapher, and encamped 
in Haradah ; 25 and they journeyed 
from Haradah, and encamped in Mak- 
heloth ; 26 and they journeyed from 
Makheloth, and encamped atTahath ; 
"and they journeyed from Tahath, 
and encamped in Tarah ; 28 and they 
journeyed from Tarah, and encamped 
in Mithcah ; * and they journeyed 
from Mithcah, and encamped in Hash- 
monah ; 30 and they journeyed from 
Ilashmonah, and encamped in Mose- 
roth j 'and they journeyed from 
Moscroth, and encamped in Bene- 
jaakan ; "and they journeyed from 
Bene-jaakan, and encamped in Hor- 
hagidgad ; a3 and they journeyed from 



Hor-hagidgad, and encamped in Jot- 
bathah ; 34 and they journeyed from 
Jotbathah, and encamped in Ebronah ; 
35 and they journed from Ebronah, 
and encamped in Ezion-gaber ; 36 and 
they journeyed from Ezion-gaber, and 
encamped in the wilderness of Zin, 
that is Kadesh ; 37 and they journeyed 
from Kadesh, and encamped at mount 
Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom j 

38 and Aaron the priest went up into 
mount Hor at the command of Je- 
hovah, and died there in the fortieth 
year of the sons of Israel's going out 
from the land of Egypt, in the fifth 
month on the first day of the month. 

39 And Aaron was a hundred and 
twenty-three years old when he died 
in mount Hor. 40 And the Canaanite 
the king of Arad, who was dwelling in 
the South in the land of Canaan, 
heard of it when the sons of Israel 
came. 

41 And they journeyed from mount 
Hor, and encamped in Zalmonah ; 
42 and they journeyed from Zalmonah, 
and encamped in Punon ; 43 and they 
journeyed from Punon, and encamped 
in Oboth ; u and they journeyed from 
Oboth, and encamped in Iye-abarim, 
in the borders of Moab ; 45 and they 
journeyed from Iyim, and encamped 
in Dibon-gad ; ** and they journeyed 
from Dibon-gad, and encamped in 
Almon-diblathaim ; 47 and they jour- 
neyed from Almon-diblathaim, and en- 
camped in the mountains of Abarim, 
before Nebo ; 48 and they journeyed 
from the mountains of Abarim, and 
encamped in the plains of Moab, above 
the Jordan of Jericho ; 49 and they en- 
camped along the Jordan from Beth- 
jesimoth to Abel-shittim in the plains 
of Moab. 

50 And Jehovah spoke to Moses in 
the plains of Moab above the Jordan 
of Jericho, saying, 51 Speak to the sons 
of Israel, and say to them, When ye 



204 



NUMBERS XXXIV 



cross over the Jordan into the land of 
Canaan, w then ye shall dispossess all 
the inhabitants of the land from be- 
fore you, and destroy all their figured 
images, and destroy all their molten 
images, and demolish all their high 
places ; 5S and ye shall take possession 
of the land, and dwell in it ; for I 
have given you the land to possess it. 
5 * And ye shall inherit the land by lot, 
according to your families ; and to the 
one having many ye shall increase his 
inheritance ; and to the one having 
few ye shall decrease his inheritance ; | 
according to whither the lot comes 
out for each shall be his inheritance. 
According to the tribes of your fathers 
ye shall inherit. 55 But if ye shall not 
dispossess the inhabitants of the land 
from before you ; then it shall come to 
pass, that those whom ye shall leave 
of them shall be prickles in your eyes, 
and thorns in your sides, and they 
shall oppress you in the land wherein 
you dwell. 56 Moreover it shall come 
to pass, that I shall do to you as I 
thought to do to them. 

CHAPTER XXXIV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, - Command the sons of Israel, 
and say to them, When ye come into 
the land of Canaan, this is the land 
that shall fall to you by inheritance, 
the land of Canaan according to its 
borders : 3 your south side shall be 
from the wilderness of Zin along the 
coasts of Edom, and your south boun- 
dary shall be from the end of the salt 
sea at the east ; 4 and your boundary 
shall pass around south of the ascent 
of Akribbin, and pass over to Zin ; 
and its goings forth shall be south of 
Kadesh-barnea, and shall come out at 
Hazar-addar, and pass over to Azmon ; 
5 and the boundary shall pass around 
Azmon to the river of Egypt, and its 
goings out shall be at the sea. 



6 And as a western boundary, 
great sea shall be your boundary ; 



the 
this 



shall be your western boundary. 

7 And this shall be your northern 
boundary : from the great sea ye shall 
mark out for you mount Hor J 8 from 
mount Hor ye shall mark out to the 
entrance of Hamath j and the goings 
out of the boundary shall be at Zedad j 
9 and the boundary shall go on to 
Ziphron, and its goings out shall be 
at Hazar-enan ; this shall be your 
northern boundary. 

10 And ye shall mark out for your 
eastern boundary from Hazar-enan to 
Shepham; n and the boundary shall 
go down from Shepham to Riblah, on 
the east side of Ain ; and the boun- 
dary shall descend, and shall strike 
the shoulder of the sea of Chinnereth, 
on the east ; 12 and the boundary shall 
go down to the Jordan, and its goings 
out shall be at the salt sea j this shall 
be your land according to its bounda- 
ries, round about. "And Moses com- 
manded the sons of Israel, saying, 
This is the land that ye shall inherit 
by lot, which Jehovah commanded to 
give to the nine tribes and the half 
tribe; u for the tribe of the sons of 
Reuben, according to their fathers' 
houses, and the tribe of the sons of 
Gad, according to their fathers' houses, 
and the half tribe of Manasseh, have 
received their inheritance ; 15 the two 
tribes and the half tribe have received 
their inheritance across the Jordan of 
Jericho eastward, toward the sunrising. 

16 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, 
saying, " These are the names of the 
men that shall distribute the land to 
you : Eleazar the priest, and Joshua 
the son of Nun. w And one prince of 
each tribe ye shall take, to distribute 
the land. 19 And the names of the 
men are these : of the tribe of Judah, 
Caleb the son of Jephunneh ; 20 and 
of the tribe of the sons of Simeon, 



205 



NUMBERS XXXV 



Shemuel the son of Ammihud ; 21 of 
the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son 
of Chislon ; 22 and of the tribe of the 
sons of Dan, a prince, Bukki the son 
of Jogli j "of the sons of Joseph : of 
the tribe of the sons of Manasseh, a 
prince, Hanniel the son of Ephod ; 
24 and of the tribe of the sons of 
Ephraim, a prince, Kemuel the son 
of Shiphtan ; 25 and of the tribe of the 
sons of Zebulun, a prince, Elizaphan 
the son of Parnach j 26 and of the tribe 
of the sons of Issachar, a prince, Pal- 
tiel the son of Azzan ; 27 and of the 
tribe of the sons of Asher, a prince, 
Ahihud the son of Shelomi ; 28 and of 
the tribe of the sons of Naphtali, a 
prince, Pedahel the son of Ammihud. 
"These are the ones whom Jehovah 
commanded to cause the sons of Israel 
to inherit in the land of Canaan. 

CHAPTER XXXV 

1 And Jehovah spoke to Moses in 
the plains of Moab above the Jordan of 
Jericho, saying, 2 Command the sons 
of Israel, that they give to the Le- 
vites, of the inheritance of their pos- 
session, cities to dwell in, and pasture 
land for the cities round about ye shall 
give to the Levites. 3 And the cities 
shall be theirs to dwell in ; and their 
pasture lands shall be for their cattle, 
and for their possessions, and for all 
their beasts. * And the pasture lands 
of the cities that ye shall give to the 
Levites shall be from the wall of the 
city and outward a thousand cubits 
round about. 5 And ye shall measure 
from the outside of the city, the east 
side two thousand cubits, and the 
sou tli side two thousand cubits, and 
the west side two thousand cubits, and 
the north side two thousand cubits, 
the (iiy Uini; in the midst. This 
shall b<- theirs as the pasture land of 
tin ritics. ''And the cities which ye 



shall give to the Levites shall be the 
six cities of refuge, which ye shall give 
for the manslayer to flee thither ; and 
besides them ye shall give forty -two 
cities. 7 All the cities which ye shall 
give to the Levites shall be forty-eight 
cities. Them shall ye give with their 
pasture lands. 8 And the cities which 
ye shall give of the possession of the 
sons of Israel : from them that have 
many ye shall take many; but from 
them that have few ye shall take few ; 
each one shall give of his cities to the 
Levites according to his inheritance 
that* he shall inherit. 

9 And Jehovah spoke to Moses, say- 
ing, 10 Speak to the sons of Israel, and 
say to them, When ye shall pass over 
the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 
11 then ye shall appoint for you cities 
to be cities of refuge for you ; to flee 
thither any manslayer who kills any I 
person by mistake. 12 And they shall j 
be to you cities of refuge from the 
avenger ; that the manslayer die not, 
until he shall stand before the congre- ! 
gation for judgment. 13 And the cities ! 
which ye shall give shall be for you six 
cities of refuge. u Three of the cities j 
ye shall give across the Jordan, and ; 
three of the cities ye shall give in the j 
land of Canaan, they shall be cities of : 
refuge. 15 For the sons of Israel and i 
for the sojourner, and for the one j 
dwelling among you, shall these six j 
cjties be, for a refuge, for any one kill- II 
ing a person by mistake to flee thither, ji 
16 But if he smote him with an instru- j 
ment of iron, so that he died, he is a i 
murderer ; the murderer shall surely , 
be put to death. " Or if he smote ; 
him with a stone of the hand, that he ' 
might die, and he died, he is a mur- 
derer ; the murderer shall surely be 
put to death. 18 Or if he smote him 
with an instrument of wood of the 
hand, that he might die, and he died, 



V«r« 17. Stone of the hand, one thrown by hand. 
206 



NUMBERS XXXVI 



"b 

witl 



he is a murderer ; the murderer shall 
surely be put to death. 19 The avenger 
of blood himself shall put to death the 
murderer; when he meets him he shall 
put him to death. "? Or if he struck 
him in hatred, or threw at him pur- 
posely, and he died ; 21 or in enmity 
smote him with his hand, and he died • 
he that smote him shall surely be put 
to death • he is a murderer ; the 
avenger of blood shall put to death 
murderer when he meets him. 
ut if he struck him accidentally, 
thout enmity, or threw at him any- 
thing without design, 2i or any stone 
by which a man may die, without see- 
ing him, and caused it to fall upon 
him, and he died, and he was not his 
enemy, and was not seeking his harm; 
24 then the congregation shall judge be- 
tween the one who smites and the 
avenger of blood according to these 
judgments; 25 and the congregation 
shall deliver the manslayer out of the 
hand of the avenger of blood, and the 
congregation shall restore him to his 
city of refuge, whither he had fled j 
and he shall abide in it until the death 
of the high priest, whom they have 
anointed with the holy oil. 26 And if 
the manslayer shall at all go outside 
the bounds of his city of refuge whither 
he has fled ; 27 and the avenger of 
blood find him outside the bounds of 
his city of refuge, and the avenger of 
blood kill the manslayer ; he shall not 
be guilty of blood ; 28 because he shall 
abide in his city of refuge until the 
death of the high priest ; but after the 
death of the high priest the manslayer 
may return into the land of his pos- 
session. - 9 And these shall be for a 
statute of judgment to you throughout 
your generations, in all your dwelling 
places. M Any one killing a person, 
by the mouth of witnesses they shall 
slay the manslayer; but one witness 
shall not testify against a person that 



he die. S1 And ye shall not take a ran- 
som for the life of a manslayer who 
is worthy of death, but he shall surely 
be put to death. 32 And ye shall not 
take a ransom for him that has fled to 
his city of refuge, that he may return 
to dwell in the land before the death 
of the priest. " That ye may not pol- 
lute the land wherein ye are ; for blood 
pollutes the land; and the land shall 
not be atoned for on account of the 
blood that is shed in it except by the 
blood of him that shed it. 34 And ye 
shall not make unclean the land in 
which ye are going to abide, in the 
midst of which I am going to dwell ; 
for I Jehovah am going to dwell in 
the midst of the sons of Israel. 

CHAPTER XXXVI 

1 And the heads of the fathers' 
houses that belonged to the family of 
the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, 
the son of Manasseh, of the families 
of the sons of Joseph, came near and 
spoke before Moses, and before the 
princes, the heads of the fathers' 
houses of the sons of Israel; 2 and 
said, Jehovah commanded my lord to 
give the land for inheritance by lot to 
the sons of Israel; and my lord was 
commanded by Jehovah to give the 
inheritance of Zelophehad our brother 
to his daughters. 3 But if they shall 
be married to any of the sons of the 
other tribes of the sons of Israel, then 
will their inheritance be taken from 
the inheritance of our fathers, and be 
added to the inheritance of the tribe to 
which they shall belong; and it shall 
be taken away from the lot of our in- 
heritance. *And when there shall be 
the jubilee to the sons of Israel, then 
their inheritance will be added to the 
inheritance of the tribe to which they 
shall belong, and their inheritance will 
be taken away from the inheritance of 
the tribe of our fathers. 5 And Moses 

7 



DEUTERONOMY I 



commanded the sons of Israel accord 
ing to the word of Jehovah, saying, 
The tribe of the sons of Joseph speak 
rightly. 6 'lTiis is the thing which 
Jehovah commands concerning the 
daughters of Zelophehad,' saying, To 
the one that seems good in their sight 
they may be married, only into the 
family of the tribe of their father shall 
they be married. 7 And the inheri- 
tance of the sons of Israel shall not be 
transferred from tribe to tribe ; for the 
sons of Israel shall each cleave to the 
inheritance of the tribe of his fathers. 
8 And every daughter possessing an 
inheritance, of the tribes of the sons 
of Israel, shall be married to one of 
the family of the tribe of her father, 
that the sons of Israel may possess, 
each one, the inheritance of his fa- 



thers. 9 And an inheritance shall not 
be transferred from one tribe to an- 
other tribe; but each of the tribes of 
the sons of Israel shall cleave to its 
own inheritance. 

10 As Jehovah commanded Moses, 
so did the daughters of Zelophehad. 
11 And Mahlah, Tirzah, and Hoglah, 
and Milcah, and Noah, the daughters 
of Zelophehad, were married to the 
sons of their uncles : 12 to men of the 
families of the sons of Manasseh the 
son of Joseph, were they married ; 
and their inheritance remained to the 
tribe of the family of their father. 

13 These are the commandments and 
the judgments, which Jehovah com- 
manded by the hand of Moses, to the 
sons of Israel in the plains of Moab 
i above the Jordan of Jericho. 



DEUTERONOMY 



CHAPTER I 

1 These are the words that Moses 
spoke to all Israel across the Jordan 
in the wilderness, in the Arabah over 
against Suph, between Paran, and 
Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, 
and Di-zahab. 2 It is eleven days' 
journey from Horeb by the way of 
mount Seir to Kadesh-barnea. 

8 And it came to pass in the fortieth 
year, in the eleventh month, on the 
first day of the month, that Moses 
spoke to the sons of Israel according 
to all that Jehovah had given him in 
i onunandment to them. 4 after he had 
slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, 
who was dwelling in Heshbon, and Og 
the king of Bashan, who was dwelling 



in Ashtaroth and in Edrei. 5 Across 
the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses 
undertook to expound this law, say- 
ing, 6 Jehovah our God spoke to us in 
Horeb, saying, Ye have dwelt long 
enough in this mountain ; 7 turn you, 
and take your journey, and come into 
the mountain of the Amorites, and to 
all their neighbors, in the Arabah, and 
in the mountain, and in the Shephe- 
lah, and in the South and by the sea 
coast, to the land of the Canaanites, 
and the Lebanon, to the great river, 
the river Euphrates. 8 See, I have 
placed before you the land ; go in, 
and possess the land which Jehovah 
swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, 
and Jacob, to give to them and to 
their seed after them. 



V'er. r. Arabah, or plain. 

208 



DEUTERONOMY I 



9 And 1 spoke to you at that time, 
saying, I am not able by myself alone 
to bear you ; 10 Jehovah your God has 
multiplied you, and, behold, ye are 
to-day as the stars of heaven for mul- 
titude. n (May Jehovah God of your 
fathers add to you as you are a thou- 
sand times, and bless you, as he prom- 
ised you ! ) 1J How can I by myself 
bear the load, and the burden, and 
the strife of you ? 13 Give ye men 

se and discerning, and known, ac- 
ding to your tribes, and I will ap- 

int them as your heads. u And ye 
answered me, and said, The thing 
that thou hast spoken is good. ' ' And 
I took the heads of your tribes, 



Z 

poi 



said to thee. Do not fear, and do 
not be dismayed. 

22 And all of you came near to me, 
and said, Let us send men before us, 
that they may spy out the land for 
us, and bring us back word : the way 
in which we shall go up, and the cities 
into which we shall come. 23 And the 
thing seemed good to me ; and I took 
twelve men of you, one for each tribe ; 
24 and they turned, and went up into 
the mountain, and came to the valley 
of Eshcol, and spied it out. 25 And 
they took in their hand some of the 
fruit of the land, and brought it down 
to us ;• and brought us back word, 
and said, The land is good which 



men wise and known, and placed Jehovah our God is going to give to 
them as heads over you : captains i us. 26 But ye were unwilling to go up. 



of thousands, and captains of hun- 
dreds, and captains of fifties, and cap- 
tains of tens, and orifice rs throughout 
your tribes. 

16 And I charged your judges at 
that time, saying, Hear the cases be- 
tween your brethren, and judge right- 
eously between a man and his brother, 
and his sojourner. 17 Ye shall not 
recognize faces in the judgment ; and 
ye shall hear the small and the great 
alike ; ye shall not be afraid of a man ; 
for the judgment is God's ; and the 
case that is too hard for you ye shall 
bring to me, and I will hear it. 
18 And 1 commanded you at that time 
all things that you should do. 

19 And we journeyed from Horeb, 
and we went through all that great 
and terrible wilderness, which ye saw, 
on the way to the mountain of the 
Amorites as Jehovah commanded us, 
and we came to Kadesh-barnea. '-"And 
I said to you, Ye are come to the 
mountain of the Amorites, which Je- 
hovah our God is going to give to us. 
21 See, Jehovah thy God has set the 
land before thee ; go up, and possess 
\t, as Jehovah God of thy fathers has 



and ye rebelled against the command 
of Jehovah your God ; "and ye mur- 
mured in your tents, and said, Be- 
cause of Jehovah's hating us he has 
brought us out from the land of Egypt. 
to deliver us into the hand of the 
Amorite, to destroy us. 28 Whither 
are we going up? Our brethren have 
made our hearts melt, saying, A peo- 
ple greater and taller than we ; cities 
great and walled up to the heavens ; 
and, moreover, we have seen sons of 
the Anakim there. ? And I said to 
you, You shall not be terrified, nor be 
afraid of them. :!0 Jehovah your God 
who is going before you, he will fight 
for you, according to all that he did 
with you in Egypt before your eyes, 
31 and in the wilderness, where thou 
hast seen that Jehovah thy God has 
carried thee, as a man carries his son, 
in all the way that ye have gone until 
ye came to this place. 32 But in this 
thing ye were not trusting in Jehovah 
your God, 33 who was going before you 
in the way to search out for you a 
place for you to encamp, in the fire 
by night, to show you the way in which 
ye should go, and in the cloud by day. 



II 



209 



DEUTERONOMY II 



H And Jehovah heard the voice of your 
words, and was enraged, and swore, 
saying, M Not a man among these men, 
this evil generation, shall see the good 
land, which 1 swore to give to your 
fathers, ^except Caleb the son of 
Jephunneh ; he shall see it, and to 
him I will give the land that he has 
trodden upon, and to his children ; 
because he has wholly followed Jeho- 
vah. S7 Also with me Jehovah was 
angry for your sakes, saying, Thou 
also shalt not come in thither. 38 Joshua 
the son of Nun, who stands before 
thee, he shall come in thither. En- 
courage him; for he shall cause Israel 
to inherit it. 39 And your little ones, 
who ye said will become a prey, and 
your sons who do not know to-day 
good and evil, they shall come in 
thither, and to them will I give it, and 
they shall possess it. 40 But as for you, 
turn you, and journey toward the 
wilderness, on the way to the Red sea. 
41 Then ye answered and said to me, 
We have sinned against Jehovah ; we 
ourselves will go up and fight, accord- 
ing to all that Jehovah our God com- 
manded us. And ye girded on each 
man his weapons of war, and ye acted 
frivolously to go up into the mountain. 
"And Jehovah said to me, Say to 
them, Ye shall not go up, nor shall ye 
fight; for I will not be in the midst of 
you; that ye be not smitten before 
your enemies. "And I spoke to you; 
but ye did not hearken, but rebelled 
against the command of Jehovah; and 
ye acted presumptuously, and went 
up into the mountain. 44 And the 
Amorites who were dwelling in that 
mountain came out against you, and 
chased you, as bees do, and destroyed 
you in Seir, as far as to Hormah. 
"And v<- returned and wept before 
Jehovah, but Jehovah did not hearken 



4G And ye abode in Kadesh many 
days, according to the days that ye 
abode there. 






to your voice, nor give ear to you 



Ver. 



CHAPTER II 

"Then we turned, and journeyed 
toward the wilderness, on the way 
to the Red sea, as Jehovah spoke to 
me; and we compassed mount Seir 
many days. 2 And Jehovah spoke to 
me, saying, 3 Ye have compassed this 
mountain long enough; turn you 
northward. 4 And command thou 
the people, saying, Ye are about to 
pass through the borders of your 
brethren the sons of Esau, who dwell 
in Seir; and they will be afraid of you; 
and ye shall take good heed, " contend 
not with them ; for I will not give you 
any of their land, even a place for the 
treading of a sole of a foot; because 
as Esau's possession I have given 
mount Seir. 6 Food ye shall buy of 
them for silver, that ye may eat; and 
also water ye shall buy of them for 
silver, that ye may drink. 7 For Jeho- 
vah thy God has blessed thee in all the 
work of thy hand ; he knows thy going 
through this great wilderness; these 
forty years Jehovah thy God has been 
with thee; thou hast lacked nothing. 

8 And we passed on from our breth- 
ren the sons of Esau, who were dwell- 
ing in Seir, from the way of the Ara- 
bah, from Elath, and from Ezion- 
geber; and we turned and passed on 
by the way of the wilderness of Moab. 
9 And Jehovah said to me, Distress not 
the Moabites, nor contend with them 
in battle; for I will not give thee any 
of their land for a possession; because 
to the sons of Lot I have given Ar as 
a possession. 10 The Emim formerly 
dwelt therein, a people great, and 
many, and tall, like the Anakim; 
"they also were accounted Rephaim 
as the Anakim.: but the Moabites called 

Rephaim, or giapt?. 
2IO 



DEUTERONOMY II 



them Emim. 12 And the Horim dwelt 
in Seir formerly, and the sons of Esau 
dispossessed them, and destroyed them 
from before them, and dwelt in their 
stead; (as Israel did to the land of 
his possession, which Jehovah gave to 
them.) 13 Now rise up, and cross over 
the brook Zered. And we crossed over 
the brook Zered. " And the days that 

re were going from Kadesh-barnea, 

itil we crossed over the brook Zered, 

'ere thirty-eight years ; until all the 

meration, the men of war, was con- 

imed from the midst of the camp, 

Jehovah swore to them. l5 And 

the hand of Jehovah was against 

lem, to destroy them from the midst 
of the camp, until they were con- 
sumed. 16 And it came to pass, when 
all the men of war had done dying 
from among the people, -J that Jeho- 
vah spoke to me, saying, 18 Thou art 
going to pass Ar, the border of Moab, 
to-day ; 19 and thou wilt come near, in 
front of the sons of Amnion; distress 
them not, nor contend with them ; for 
I will not give any of the land of the 
sons of Amnion to thee as a posses- 
sion ; because I have given it to the i Heshbon was unwilling to let us pass 
sons of Lot for a possession. 20 That , through him; for Jehovah thy God 
also was accounted a land of Rephaim; | made stubborn his spirit, and made 
Rephaim dwelt in it formerly ; and . his heart firm, in order to deliver him 



24 Rise ye up, take your journey, 
and cross over the valley of the Anion; 
see, I have given into thy hand Sihon 
the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and 
his land ; begin to possess it, and 
contend with him in battle. 26 This 
day will I begin to put the dread of 
thee, and the fear of thee upon the 
peoples that are under the whole 
heavens, who shall hear the report of 
thee, and shall tremble, and be in 
anguish because of thee. 

26 And I sent messengers from the 
wilderness of Kedemoth to Sihon the 
king of Heshbon with words of peace, 
saying, 2T Let me pass through thy 
land ; I will go in the roads, I will 
turn aside neither to the right hand, 
nor to the left. 28 Thou shalt sell me 
food for silver, that I may eat ; and 
give me water for silver, that I may 
drink ; only let me pass through on 
my feet; 29 as the sons of Es;m who 
dwell in Seir, and the Moabites who 
dwell in Ar, did for me ; until I shall 
cross over the Jordan into the land 
which Jehovah our God is going to 
give to us. 30 But Sihon the king of 



the Ammonites called them Zamzum- 
mim ; 21 a people great, and many, and 
tall, like the Anakim ; but Jehovah 
destroyed them from before them; and 
they dispossessed them, and dwelt in 
their stead ; 22 as he did for the sons 
of Esau who dwelt in Seir, when he 
destroyed the Horim from before 
them, and they dispossessed them, and 
dwelt in their stead even to this day ; 
23 and the Avim, who dwelt in villages 
as far as Gaza, the Caphtorim, coming 
out from Caphtor, destroyed, and 
dwelt in their stead. 



into thy hand, as it is this day. 

31 And Jehovah said to me, See, I 
have begun to give Sihon and his land 
before thee ; begin to dispossess, that 
thou mayest possess his land. 32 And 
Sihon came out against us, he and all 
his people, to the battle at Jahaz. 
33 And Jehovah our God gave him up 
before us; and we smote him, and his 
sons, and all his people. ■* And we 
captured all his cities at that time, and 
utterly destroyed the men, and the 
women, and the little ones, of every 
city, we did not leave a remnant; 



Ver. 13. Brook, or valley, wady. 

Ver. 24. Valley, i. e., the ravine, wady down which the river Arnon ran. 

Ver. 30. Stubborn, or hard, firm. Ver. 34. The men, Heb., city of men, i. e., the multitude. 



DEUTERONOMY III 



35 only the cattle we took as spoil for j 
ourselves, and the booty of the cities j 
that we captured. 36 Froin Aroer, which 
is on the edge of the valley of Arnon, 
and the city that is in the valley, even 
to Gileadj there was not a city too 
high for us; Jehovah our God deliv- 
ered the whole before us. 37 Only to 
the land of the sons of Amnion thou 
didst not draw near, to all the side of 
the valley of Jabbok, and to the cities of 
the mountain, and to all that Jehovah 
our God commanded us. 

CHAPTER III 

1 And we turned and went up the 
way to Bashan; and Og the king of 
Bashan came out against us, he and 
all his people, to the battle at Edrei. 
2 And Jehovah said to me, Fear him 
not; for I have delivered him and all 
his people, and his land, into thy 
hand; and thou shalt do to him as 
thou didst to Sihon king of the Amo- 
rites, who dwelt in Heshbon. 3 And 
Jehovah our God delivered into our 
hands Og also, the king of Bashan, 
and all his people; and we smote him 
until none was left remaining to him. 
* And we captured all his cities at that 
time, there was not a city that we did 
not take from them, sixty cities, all 
the region of Argob, the kingdom of 
Og in Bashan. 5 All these were cities 
fortified with high walls, gates and bars; 
besides country towns very many. 

6 And we utterly destroyed them, as 
we had done to Sihon king of Hesh- 
bon, utterly destroyed the men, 
women and children of every city. 

7 But all the cattle and the spoil of the 
Mtics we took as booty for ourselves. 
' And we took at that time out of the 
ha iid of the two kings of the Amo- 
ritei the hind that was across the Jor- 
dan, from the valley of the Anion to 
mount Hermon; Vtlie Sidonians call 



Hermon Sirion; and the Amorites call 
it Shenir;) 10 all the cities of the plain, 
and all Gilead, and all Bashan, to Sal- 
chah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom 
of Og in Bashan. n For only Og king 
of Bashan remained of the rest of the 
Rephaim; behold, his bedstead was a 
bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath 
of the sons of Amnion ? nine cubits 
its length, and four cubits its breadth, 
according to the cubit of a man. 

12 And this land we took possession of 
at that time; from Aroer, which is by 
the valley of the Arnon, and half of 
mount Gilead, and its cities, I gave to 
the Reubenites and to the Gadites. 

13 And the rest of Gilead and all Ba- 
shan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to 
the half tribe of Manasseh; all the 
region of Argob, with all Bashan. 
That is called the land of the Rephaim. 
u Jair the son of Manasseh took all 
the region of Argob to the border of 
the Geshurites and the Maachathites; 
and they called them after his name, 
Bashan-havoth-jair, to this day. 15 And 
I gave Gilead to Machir. 16 And to 
the Reubenites and to the Gadites 
I gave from Gilead even to the valley 
of the Anion, the middle of the val- 
ley being a boundary, and to the val- 
ley of the Jabbok, the boundary of 
the sons of Amnion; " and the Ara- 
bah, and the Jordan as a boundary, 
from Chin nereth even to the sea of 
the Arabah, the salt sea, under the 
slopes of Pisgah on the east. 

18 And I commanded you at that 
time, saying, Jehovah your God has 
given you this land to possess it; ye 
shall pass over armed before your 
brethren the sons of Israel, all the 
men of war; 19 but your wives, and 
your little ones, and your cattle, (I 
know that ye have much cattle,) shall 
abide in your cities that I have given 
you; 20 until Jehovah shall give rest to 



Vrr. io. The jilain, Mcslior. or mble-taod. 



212 



Rephaim, or giant:- 



ma'TKRONOMY IV 



your brethren, as to you, and they 
also possess the land which Jehovah 
your God is going to give to them 
across the Jordan; and then shall ye 
return each man to his possession that 
I have given you. " And I com- 1 
manded Joshua at that time, saying, j 
It was thy eyes that saw all that Jeho- j 
van your God did to these two kings; | 
so shall Jehovah do to all the kingdoms 
whither thou art about to pass over. 
22 Ye shall not fear them; for Jehovah 
your God, he it is that fights for you. 
"And I besought Jehovah at that 
time, saying, 2i O Lord Jehovah, thou 
hast begun to show thy servant thy 
greatness, and thy mighty hand; for 
what God is there in the heavens, or 
in the earth, that does according to 
thy works, and according to thy might? j 

25 Let me pass over, I pray, and see I 
the good land that is across the Jordan, 
this good mountain, and the Lebanon. 

26 But Jehovah was wroth with me for 
your sakes, and did not hearken to 
me; and Jehovah said to me, Enough 
for thee ! Do not speak to me again 
of this matter. '-' 7 Go up to the top 
of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes toward 
the west, and toward the north, and 
toward the south and toward the east, 
and behold it with thine eyes; for 
thou shalt not cross over this Jordan. 
28 But charge Joshua, and encourage 
him, and strengthen him; for he shall 
cross over before this people, and he 
shall cause them to inherit the land 
which thou shalt see. 29 So we abode 
in the valley over against Beth-peor. 

CHAPTER IV 

1 And now, O Israel, hearken to the 
statutes and to the judgments, which 
I teach you, for to do them, in order 
that ye may live, and go in and pos- 
sess the land which Jehovah God of 
your fathers is going to give you. 2 Ye 
shall not add to the word which I com- 



mand you, neither shall ye take away 
from it, that ye may keep the com- 
mandments of Jehovah your God 
which 1 command you. 3 It was your 
eyes that saw what Jehovah did because 
of Baal-peor; for every man that went 
after Baal-peor Jehovah thy God has 
destroyed from the midst of you. 4 But 
ye that did cleave to Jehovah your 
God are alive every one of you to-day. 
5 See, I have taught you statutes and 
judgments, as Jehovah my God com- 
manded me, that ye should do so in 
the midst of the land whither ye are 
about to come to possess it. 6 And 
ye shall observe and do them; for this 
is your wisdom and your understand- 
ing in the sight of the peoples who 
shall hear all these statutes, and say, 
Surely this great nation is a wise and 
understanding people. 7 For what 
great nation is there that has gods 
near to it as Jehovah our God, when- 
ever we call upon him ? 8 And what 
great nation is there that has righteous 
statutes and judgments like all this 
law, which I am setting before you 
to-day? 9 Only take heed to thyself, 
and keep thy soul well, lest thou for- 
get the things that thine eyes have 
seen, and lest they depart from thy 
heart all the days of thy life; but 
thou shalt make them known to thy 
sons and to thy sons' sons : I0 the day 
that thou stoodest before Jehovah thy 
God in Horeb, when Jehovah said to 
me, Gather to me the people, and I 
will make them hear my words, which 
they shall learn, in order to fear me 
all the days that they shall live upon 
the land, and which they shall teach 
their sons. 

11 And ye came near and stood be- 
neath the mountain, and the moun- 
tain was burning with fire to the heart 
of the heavens, with darkness, cloud, 
and thick darkness. 12 And Jehovah 
spoke to you from the midst of the 



213 



DEUTERONOMY IV 



fire; the voice of words ye were hear- 
ing, but no likeness were ye seeing, 
besides a voice, 13 and he declared 
to you his covenant, which he com- 
manded you to perform, the ten 
words; and he wrote them upon two 
tablets of stone. 

u And Jehovah commanded me at 
that time to teach you statutes and 
judgments, that ye might do them in 
the land whither ye are about to pass 
over to possess it. 15 Take ye there- 
fore good heed to yourselves; for ye 
did not see any likeness on the day 
that Jehovah spoke to you in Horeb 
from the midst of the fire; 16 lest ye 
become corrupt, and make for you as 
a graven image a likeness of any figure, 
a form of male or female, " a form of 
any beast that is on the earth, a form 
of any winged bird that flies in the 
heavens, 18 a form of any thing that 
creeps on the ground, a form of any 
fish that is in the waters beneath the 
land; 19 and lest thou lift up thine 
eyes to the heavens, and see the sun, 
and the moon, and the stars, all the 
host of the heavens, and be impelled 
to worship them, and serve them, 
which Jehovah thy God has divided 
to all the peoples under the whole 
heavens. 20 But Jehovah took you, and 
brought you out from the iron furnace, 
from Egypt, to be to him a people of 
inheritance, as ye are this day. 

21 And Jehovah was angry with me 
for your sakes, and swore that I should 
not pass over the Jordan, and that I 
should not come in to the good land, 
which Jehovah thy God is going to 
give to thee for an inheritance; 8 for I 
am going to die in this land, I am not 
going to pass over the Jordan; but ye 
are going to pass over, and ye shall 
s this good land. 23 Take heed 
to yourselves, lest ye forget the cove- 
nant of Jehovah your God, which he 



made with you, and ye make for you, 
as a graven image, a likeness of any- 
thing that Jehovah thy God has for- 
bidden thee. 24 For Jehovah thy God 
is a consuming fire; he is a jealous God. 
25 When thou shalt beget children, 
and children's children, and ye shall 
have been long in the land; and shall 
become corrupt, and make a graven 
image, the likeness of anything, and 
shall do that which is evil in the sight 
of Jehovah thy God, to provoke him 
to anger; 26 I call the heavens and the 
earth to witness against you this day, 
that ye shall surely perish quickly from 
off the land whither ye are about to 
pass over the Jordan to possess it; 
ye shall not prolong your days on it, 
but shall surely be destroyed. 27 And 
Jehovah shall scatter you among the 
peoples, and ye shall be left few in 
number among the nations whither 
Jehovah shall lead you. 28 And there 
ye shall serve gods that are the work 
of men's hands, wood and stone, that 
do not see, nor hear, nor eat, nor 
smell. 29 But from there thou shalt 
seek Jehovah thy God, and thou shalt 
find him, when thou shalt seek him 
with all thy heart and with all thy 
soul. 30 When thou art in tribulation, 
and all these things are come upon 
thee in the latter days, then thou 
shalt turn to Jehovah thy God, and 
obey his voice; 3I for Jehovah thy God 
is a merciful God; he will not let go 
of thee, nor destroy thee, nor forget 
the covenant of thy fathers, which he 
swore to them. 32 For ask now of the 
former days, which w r ere before thee, 
even from the day that God created 
man upon the earth, and ask from the 
one end of the heavens to the other 
end of the heavens, whether there has 
been anything like this great thing, or 
anything been heard like it: 33 has a 
people heard the voice of God speak- 



Ver. 25. Been long, become Veterans, old settlers. 
214 



DEUTERONOMY V 



ing out of the midst of fire, as thou 
didst hear it, and lived ? 34 Or has 
God attempted to come and take to 
himself a nation from the midst of 
a nation, by trials, by signs, and by 
wonders, and by war, and by a mighty 
hand, and by a stretched forth arm, 
and by great terrors, according to all 
that Jehovah your God did for you 
in Egypt before thine eyes ? 35 Thou 
wast caused to see these, in order to 
know that Jehovah is God ; there is 
none else besides him. 36 From the 
heavens he caused thee to hear his 
voice, in order to instruct thee; and 
upon the earth he caused thee to see 
his great fire, and his words thou didst 
hear from the midst of the fire. 37 And 
because he loved thy fathers, therefore 
he chose their seed after them, and 
brought thee out by his presence, by 
his mighty power, from Egypt ; 38 to 
dispossess nations greater and mightier 
than thou from before thee, to bring 
thee in, to give thee their land for an 
inheritance, as it is this day. 39 And 
thou shalt know to-day, and take it to 
thy heart, that Jehovah is God in the 
heavens above, and on the earth be- 
neath; there is none else. 40 And thou 
shalt keep his statutes, and his com- 
mandments which I am commanding 
thee to-day, that it may be well with 
thee, and with thy children after thee, 
and that thou mayest prolong thy days 
on the land which Jehovah thy God 
is going to give to thee, forever. 

41 Then Moses separated three cities 
across the Jordan toward the sun ris- 
ing; "that a manslayer might flee 
thither, who should kill his neighbor 
unawares, and was not hating him 
hitherto; and he should flee to one 
of these cities and live: 43 Bezer in the 
wilderness, in the table land, for the 
Reubenites ; and Ramoth in Gilead, 
for the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, 
for the Manassites. 



"And this is the law which Moses 
set before the sons of Israel; 45 these 
are the testimonies, and the statutes, 
and the judgments, which Moses 
spoke to the sons of Israel, when 
they were coming out from Egypt, 
46 across the Jordan, in the valley 
over against Beth-peor, in the land 
of Sihon king of the Amorites, who 
was dwelling in Heshbon, whom Moses 
and the sons of Israel smote, on their 
coming out from Egypt; 47 and they 
took possession of his land, and the 
land of Og king of Bashan, the two 
kings of the Amorites, who were across 
the Jordan toward the sunrising; 48 from 
1 Aroer, which is on the edge of the 
valley of the Anion, even to mount 
Sion, that is Hermon, 49 and all the 
Arabah across the Jordan eastward, 
even to the sea of the Arabah, beneath 
the slopes of Pisgah. 

CHAPTER V 

*And Moses called all Israel, and 
said to them, Hear, O Israel, the 
statutes and judgments which I am 
going to speak in your ears to-day; 
and ye shall learn them, and take 
heed to do them. 'Jehovah our God 
made a covenant with us in Horeb. 
3 Not with our fathers did Jehovah 
make this covenant, but with us, our- 
selves, who are here to-day all of us 
living. 4 Face to face did Jehovah 
speak with you in the mount out of 
the midst of the fire, 5 (I was stand- 
ing between Jehovah and you at that 
time, to show you the word of Je- 
hovah; for ye were afraid on account 
of the fire, and went not up into the 
mount,) saying, 6 I am Jehovah thy 
God, who have brought thee out from 
the land of Egypt, from the house of 
bondage. 7 Thou shalt not have other 
gods besides me. 8 Thou shalt not 
make for thee as a graven image any 
likeness of any thing that is in the 



215 



DEUTERONOMY V 



heavens above, or that is on the earth 
beneath, or that is in the waters 
beneath the earth ; 8 thou shalt not 
bow thyself down to them, nor serve 
them; for I Jehovah thy God am a 
jealous God, visiting iniquity of fathers 
upon children, and upon the third 
generation, and upon the fourth gen- 
eration, of those that hate me, 10 and 
showing loving-kindness to the thou- 
sandth generation of those that love 
me and keep my commandments. 
"Thou shalt not take the name of 
Jehovah thy God in vain ; for Jeho- 1 
vah will not hold him guiltless that 
takes his name in vain. 12 Observe 
the sabbath day to sanctify it; as Je- 
hovah thy God commanded thee. 
13 Six days thou shalt labor, and do 
all thy work; u but the seventh day 
is a sabbath to Jehovah thy God: in 
it thou shalt not do any work, thou, 
nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor 
thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, 
nor thy ox, nor thy ass, nor any of 
thy beasts, nor thy sojourner that is 
within thy gates ; in order that thy 
manservant and thy maidservant may 
rest as thyself. 15 And thou shalt 
remember that thou wast a servant 
in the land of Egypt, and Jehovah 
thy God brought thee out thence by 
a mighty hand and by a stretched 
forth arm ; therefore Jehovah thy 
God has commanded thee to keep 
the sabbath day. 

16 Honor thy father and thy mother, 
as Jehovah thy God commanded thee, 
in order that thy days may be pro- 
longed, and that it may be well with 
thee on the land which Jehovah thy 
God is going to give to thee. 

17 Thou shalt not kill. 18 And thou 
shalt not commit adultery. 19 And 
thou shalt not steal. 20 And thou shalt 
not bear false witness against thy 
neighbor. J1 And thou shalt not de- 
sire thy neighbor's wife, neither shalt 

21 



thou covet thy neighbor's house, his 
field, nor his manservant, nor his 
maidservant, his ox, nor his ass, nor 
anything that is thy neighbor's. 

22 These words Jehovah spoke to all 
your assembly in the mount out of the 
midst of the fire, the cloud, and the 
thick darkness, with a great voice; and 
he added no more. And he wrote them 
on two tablets of stone, and gave them 
to me. 23 And it came to pass as ye 
heard the voice out of the midst of 
the darkness, while the mountain was 
burning with fire, that ye came near to 
me, even all the heads of your tribes, 
and your elders, 24 and ye said, Behold, 
Jehovah our God has caused us to see 
his glory and his greatness, and we 
have heard his voice out of the midst 
of the fire; we have seen this day that 
God speaks with man and he lives. 
25 Now therefore why should we die ? 
for this great fire will consume us; if 
we continue to hear the voice of Je- 
hovah our God any longer, we shall 
die. 26 For who is there of all flesh 
that has heard the voice of the living 
God speaking out of the midst of the 
fire, as we have, and lived ? 2T Go thou 
near, and hear all that Jehovah our 
God shall say; and thou shalt speak to 
us all that Jehovah our God shall speak 
to thee; and we will hear it, and do it. 
28 And Jehovah heard the voice of your 
words when ye spoke to me; and Jeho- 
vah said to me, I have heard the voice 
of the words of this people, which they 
have spoken to thee; they have well 
said all that they have spoken. 29 Oh, 
that this were their heart, to fear me, 
and to keep all my commandments al- 
ways, in order that it might be well 
with them and with their sons forever ! 
30 Go say to them, Return ye to your, 
tents; 31 but as for thee, stand thou; 
here by me, and I will speak to thee* 
all the commandments, and the stat-j 
utes, and the judgments, which thouj 
6 



DEUTERONOMY VI 



shalt teach them, that they may do 
them in the land which I am going to 
give to them to possess it. 

32 And ye shall take heed to do as 
Jehovah your God commanded you; 
ye shall not turn aside to the right 
nd nor to the left. 33 Ye shall walk 
all the way that Jehovah your God 
has commanded you, in order that ye 
may live, and that it may be well with 
you, and that ye may prolong your 
days in the land that ye shall possess. 

CHAPTER VI 

1 And this is the commandment, the 
tatutes, and the judgments that Je- 
hovah your God commanded to teach 
you, that ye might do them in the land 
whither ye are going to pass over to 
possess it; 2 in order that thou mayest 
tear Jehovah thy God, to keep all his 
statutes and his commandments that I 
command thee, thou, and thy son, 
and thy son's son, all the days of thy 
life; and in order that thy days may 
be prolonged. 

1 And thou shalt hear O Israel, and 
take heed to do them; that it may be 
well with thee, and that ye may in- 
crease exceedingly, as Jehovah God 
of thy fathers promised thee, a land 
flowing with milk and honey. 

4 Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God, 
Jehovah is one; 5 and thou shalt love 
Jehovah thy God with all thy heart, 
and with all thy soul, and with all thy 
might. G And these words that I 
command thee to-day shall be on thy 
heart; 7 and thou shalt impress them 
upon thy children, and shalt talk of 
them when thou art sitting in thy 
house, and when thou art walking 
along the way, and when thou liest 
down, and when thou risest up; 8 and 
thou shalt bind them for a sign upon 
thy hand, and they shall be as front- 
lets between thine eves. 9 And thou 



shalt write them upon the posts of thy 
house, and in thy gates. 10 And it 
shall be, when Jehovah thy God shall 
bring thee into the land which he 
swore to thy fathers, to Abraham, to 
Isaac and to Jacob, to give to thee, 
cities great and good, which thou 
didst not build, " and houses full of 
all good things, which thou didst not 
fill, and cisterns hewn which thou 
didst not hew, vineyards and olive 
trees, which thou didst not plant; and 
thou shalt eat and be satisfied; ™ take 
heed to thyself, lest thou forget Jeho- 
vah who brought thee out from the 
land of Egypt, from the house of 
bondage. "Jehovah thy God thou 
shalt fear, and him thou shalt serve, 

I and by his name thou shalt swear. 

| u Ye shall not go after other gods, of 
the gods of the peoples that are round 
about you; "foij Jehovah thy God is 
a jealous God in the midst of thee; 
lest the anger of Jehovah thy God 
burn against thee, and he destroy thee 
from upon the face of the land. 

16 Ye shall not tempt Jehovah your 
God, as ye tempted him in the tempta- 
tion. n Ye shall surely keep the com- 
mandments of Jehovah your God, and 
his testimonies, and his statutes, which 
he has commanded thee. ,8 And thou 
shalt do that which is right and good 
in the sight of Jehovah; in order that 
it may be well with thee, and that thou 
mayest go in, and possess the good 
land that Jehovah swore to thy fathers, 

19 to drive all thine enemies from be- 
fore thee, as Jehovah promised. 

20 And when thy son shall ask thee 
hereafter, saying, What mean the tes- 
timonies, and the statutes, and the 
judgments, which Jehovah our God 
commanded you ? 21 Then shalt thou 
say to thy son, We were servants to 
Pharaoh in Egypt ; and Jehovah 
brought us out from Egypt with a 



Ver. 16. The temptation, or iVfassah. 

217 



DEUTERONOMY VII 



mighty hand; 23 and Jehovah gave 
signs, and wonders, great and severe, 
against Egypt, against Pharaoh, and 
against all his household, before our 
eyes; ""but us he brought out thence, 
that he might bring us in, to give us 
the land that he swore to our fathers. 
* And Jehovah commanded us to do 
all these statutes, to fear Jehovah our 
God, that it might be well with us 
always, that he might keep us alive, as 
it is this day. * And it shall be right- 
eousness to us when we observe to do 
all this commandment before Jehovah 
our God, as he commanded us. 

CHAPTER VII 
1 When Jehovah thy God shall bring 
thee into the land whither thou art 
about to come to possess it, and has 
cast out many nations from before 
thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, 
and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, 
and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, 
and the Jebusites, seven nations 
greater and mightier than thou ; 2 and 
when Jehovah thy God shall deliver 
them before thee, and thou shalt smite 
them; then thou shalt utterly destroy 
them, thou shalt not make a covenant 
with them, nor show mercy to them; 
"neither shalt thou intermarry with 
them ; thy daughter thou shalt not give 
to his son, and his daughter thou shalt 
not take for thy son ; * for he will turn 
away thy son from following me, and 
they will serve other gods; and the 
anger of Jehovah will burn against you, 
and he will destroy thee quickly. 5 But 
thus shall ye do to them: their altars 
ye shall destroy, and break down their 
pillars, and cut down their Asherahs, 
and burn their graven images with fire. 
8 For thou art a holy people to Jeho- 
vah thy God; Jehovah thy God has 
chosen thee to be a special people to 
himself from all the peoples that are 
on the face of the earth. 7 Tehovah 



did not become attached to you, and 
choose you, because ye were more 
numerous than any people; for ye 
were the fewest of all the peoples; 
s but on account of Jehovah's loving 
you, and on account of his keeping 
the oath which he had sworn to your 
fathers, has Jehovah brought you out 
with a mighty hand, and redeemed 
you from the house of bondage, from 
the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. 
9 And thou shalt know that Jehovah 
thy God, he is God, the faithful 
mighty God, who keeps covenant and 
loving-kindness with them that love 
him and keep his commandments to a 
thousand generations ; J0 and repays 
them that hate him to their face, to 
destroy them; he will not delay about 
him who hates him, he will repay him 
to his face. lx And thou shalt keep 
the commandment, and the statutes, 
and the judgments, which I am com- 
manding thee to-day to do them. 

" And it shall be, because ye hearken 
to these judgments, and keep and do 
them, that Jehovah thy God shall keep 
with thee the covenant and the lov- 
ing-kindness which he swore to thy 
fathers ; 13 and he will love thee, and 
bless thee, and multiply thee; and he 
will bless the fruit of thy body, and 
the fruit of thy land, thy grain, and 
thy wine, and thine oil, the offspring 
of thy cattle, and the young of thy 
flock, in the land which he swore to 
thy fathers to give to thee. u Thou 
shalt be blessed above all the peoples; 
there shall not be male or female bar- 
ren among you, nor among the beasts. 
15 And Jehovah will remove from thee 
all sickness, and will put none of the 
evil diseases of Egypt, which thou 
knowest, upon thee ; but will lay them 
upon all those that hate thee. 1G And 
thou shalt consume all the peoples 
that Jehovah thy God is going to give 
to thee: thine eye shall not have pity 
18 



DEUTERONOMY VIII 



upon them; neither shalt thou serve 
their gods; for that would be a snare 
to thee. 

17 When thou shalt say in thy heart, 
These nations are more than I; how 
shall I be able to dispossess them ? # 
18 Thou shalt not be afraid of them; 
thou shalt indeed remember what 
Jehovah thy God did to Pharaoh, and 
to all Egypt: 19 the great trials which 
thine eyes saw, and the signs, and the 
wonders, and the mighty hand, and 
the stretched forth arm, by which Je- 
hovah thy God brought thee out; so 
shall Jehovah thy God do to all the 
peoples of whom thou art afraid. 
20 Moreover, Jehovah thy God will 
send the hornet against them, until 
they that are left, and that hide them- 
selves from thee, be destroyed. 21 Thou 
shalt not be affrighted on account of 
them; for Jehovah thy God is in the 
midst of thee, a mighty God, great 
and terrible. 22 And Jehovah thy God 
will cast out those nations from before 
thee little by little; thou wilt not be 
able to consume them quickly, lest the 
beast of the field multiply against thee. 
23 But Jehovah thy God will deliver 
them before thee, and bring upon 
them a great consternation, until they 
are destroyed. 24 And he will deliver 
their kings into thy hand, and thou 
shalt destroy their name from under 
the heavens; a man shall not stand 
before thee, until thou hast destroyed 
them. 25 The graven images of their 
gods ye shall burn with fire; thou shalt 
not covet the silver and gold that is 
on them, and take it for thyself, lest 
thou be snared by it; for it is an 
abomination to Jehovah thy God. 
26 And thou shalt not bring an abomi- 
nation into thy house, and become a 
devoted thing like it; thou shalt utterly 
detest it, and thou shalt utterly abom- 
inate it; for it is a devoted thing. 



CHAPTER VIII 

1 All the commandments that I am 
commanding thee to-day ye shall take 
heed to do, in order that ye may live, 
and multiply, and go in and possess 
the land which Jehovah swore to your 
fathers. 2 And thou shalt remember 
all the way that Jehovah thy God has 
led thee these forty years in the wil- 
derness, in order to afflict thee, and 
to try thee, to know what was in thy 
heart, whether thou wouldest keep his 
commandments or not. 3 And he 
afflicted thee, and caused thee to hun- 
ger, and he gave thee manna to eat, 
which thou knewest not, nor had thy 
fathers known; in order that he might 
make thee to know that man does not 
live on bread only, but on anything 
that proceeds from the mouth of Je- 
hovah does man live. 4 Thy clothing 
did not grow old and fall off thee, and 
thy foot did not swell these forty 
years. 5 And thou shalt know in thy 
heart, that as a man chastens his son, 
Jehovah thy God was chastening thee. 
6 And thou shalt keep the command- 
ments of Jehovah thy God, to walk in 
his ways, and to fear him. 7 For Je- 
hovah thy God is going to bring thee 
into a good land, a land of water 
brooks, of springs, and of depths that 
issue in the plain and in the moun- 
tain, 8 a land of wheat, and barley, 
and vine, and figtree, and pomegran- 
ate, a land of oil olive and honey; 
9 a land in which thou shalt eat bread 
without scarceness, thou shalt not lack 
any thing in it; a land whose stones 
are iron, and from its mountains thou 
shalt dig copper. 10 And thou shalt 
eat and be satisfied, and thou shalt 
bless Jehovah thy God for the good 
land which he has given thee. u Take 
heed to thyself lest thou forget Jeho- 
vah thy God, so as not to keep his 



Ver. 4. Swell, or become callous. 
219 



DEUTERONOMY IX 



commandments, and bis judgments, 
and his statutes, which I am com- 
manding thee to-day; 12 lest thou eat 
and be satisfied; and build good houses 
and dwell in them; 13 and thy herds 
and thy flocks multiply, and silver and 
gold is multiplied to thee, and all that 
thou hast is multiplied; u and thy heart 
be lifted up, and thou forget Jehovah 
thy God, who was bringing thee out 
from the land of Egypt, from the 
house of bondage; 15 who was causing 
thee to walk in the wilderness, great 
and terrible, of fiery serpent, and scor- 
pion, and thirst, where there was no 
water; who was bringing forth to thee 
water out of the rock of flint; 16 who 
was giving thee manna to eat in the 
wilderness, which thy fathers had not 
known, in order to afflict thee, and in 
order to try thee, to make it well with 
thee in thy future; 17 and thou say in 
thy heart, My power and the strength 
of my hand have got for me this 
wealth. 18 But thou shalt remember 
Jehovah thy God; for it is he that was 
giving thee power to get wealth, in 
order to confirm his covenant which 
he swore to thy fathers, as it is this 
day. ,9 And it shall be, if thou do at 
all forget Jehovah thy God, and walk 
after other gods, and serve them, and 
worship them; I testify against you 
this day that ye shall surely perish. 
Like the nations that Jehovah is going 
to destroy from before you, so shall ye 
perish; because ye would not obey 
the voice of Jehovah your God. 

CHAPTER IX 

1 Hear, O Israel, Thou art going to 
pass over the Jordan to-day, to go in 
to possess nations greater and might- 
ier than thou, cities great and walled 
up to the heavens, 2 a people great 
and tall, sons of the Anakim, whom 
thou knowest, and of whom thou hast 
heard, Who can stand before the son 



of Anak ? 3 And thou shalt know to- 
day, that Jehovah thy God is he that 
is going to pass over before thee, as a 
consuming fire; he shall destroy them, 
and he shall bring them down before 
thee; and thou shalt dispossess them, 
and destroy them quickly, as Jehovah 
has said to thee. * Say not in thy 
heart, when Jehovah thy God thrusts 
them out from before thee, saying, 
For my righteousness Jehovah has 
brought me in to possess this land; 
but for the wickedness of these nations 
Jehovah is going to dispossess them 
from before thee. 5 Not for thy right- 
eousness, nor for the uprightness of 
thy heart, art thou about to go in to 
possess their land; but for the wicked- 
ness of these nations Jehovah thy God 
is going to dispossess them from before 
thee, and in order to confirm the word 
that Jehovah swore to thy fathers, 
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. 6 And 
thou shalt know, that, not for thy right- 
eousness is Jehovah thy God going to 
give thee this good land to possess it; 
for thou art a stiffnecked people. 

7 Remember, do not forget, how 
thou didst provoke Jehovah thy God 
to wrath in the wilderness; even from 
the day that thou didst come out from 
the land of Egypt, until ye came to 
this place, ye have been rebelling 
against Jehovah. 8 And in Horeb ye 
provoked Jehovah to wrath, and Je- 
hovah was angry with you to destroy 
you. 9 When I went up into the mount 
to receive the tablets of stone, the tab- 
lets of the covenant which Jehovah 
made with you, and I abode in the 
mount forty days and forty nights; I 
neither ate bread nor drank water; 
10 and Jehovah gave to me the two tab- 
lets of stone written with the finger of 
God; and on them was written accord- 
ing to all the words that Jehovah had 
spoken with you on the mount out of 
the midst of the fire in the day of the 



220 






DEUTERONOMY X 



assembly. " And it came to pass, at 
the end of forty days and forty nights, 
Jehovah gave to me the two tablets of 
stone, the tablets of the covenant. 
12 And Jehovah said to me, Arise, get 
thee down quickly from this place; 
for thy people that thou hast brought 
out from Egypt have become corrupt ; 
they have turned aside quickly from 
the way that I commanded them; they 
have made them a molten image. 

f 8 And Jehovah spoke to me, saying, 
I have seen this people, and, behold, 
it is a stiffnecked people; u desist from 
me, and I will destroy them, and I will 
blot out their name from under the 
heavens; and I will make thee to be a 
nation mightier and greater than they. 

15 And I turned and came down the 
mount, and the mount was burning 
with fire; and the two tablets of the 
covenant were on my two hands. 
10 And I looked, and, behold, ye had ! 
sinned against Jehovah your God: ye j 
had made for you a calf for a molten j 
image; ye had turned aside quickly i 
from the way that Jehovah had com- 
manded you. " And I seized the two 
tablets, and cast them from upon my 
two hands, and broke them to pieces 
before your eyes. 18 And I fell down 
prostrate before Jehovah, as at the 
first, forty days and forty nights, I 
neither ate bread, nor drank water, 
because of all your sin that ye had 
sinned, in doing what was evil in the 
sight of Jehovah, to provoke him to 
anger. 19 For I was afraid of the 
anger and the wrath wherewith Jeho- 
vah was enraged against you to destroy 
you. But Jehovah hearkened to me 
at that time also. 

20 And with Aaron Jehovah was very 
angry to have destroyed him; and I 
prayed for Aaron also at that time. 
21 And your sin that ye had made, the 
calf, I took, and burnt with fire, and 
broke it, and ground it thoroughly 



until it was as fine as dust ; and I cast 
its dust into the brook that descends 
from the mount. " And at Taberah, 
and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hat- 
taavah, ye provoked Jehovah to wrath. 
23 And when Jehovah sent you from 
Kadesh-barnea, saying, Go up and 
possess the land that I have given you, 
ye rebelled against the command of 
Jehovah your God, and ye did not be- 
lieve him, nor obey his voice. u Ye 
have been rebelling against Jehovah 
from the day that I knew you. 25 And 
I fell down prostrate before Jehovah 
those forty days and forty nights that 
I fell prostrate, because Jehovah said 
he would destroy you. 2C And I 
prayed to Jehovah, and said, O Lord 
Jehovah, destroy not thy people and 
thine inheritance, whom thou hast re- 
deemed through thy greatness, whom 
thou hast brought out from Egypt with 
a mighty hand. 2T Remember thy 
servants, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; 
do not regard the stubbornness of this 
people, nor their wickedness, nor their 
sin; 28 lest the land whence thou hast 
brought us out say, Because Jehovah 
was not able to bring them into the 
land that he promised them, and be- 
cause he hated them, he has taken 
them out to slay them in the wilder- 
ness. 29 And they are thy people, and 
thine inheritance, whom thou hast 
brought out by thy great power and 
by thy stretched forth arm. 

CHAPTER X 

x At that time Jehovah said to me, 
Hew thee two tablets of stone like the 
first, and come up to me into the 
mount. And make thee an ark of 
wood. ~ And I will write upon the 
tablets the words that were on the first 
tablets, which thou didst break to 
pieces, and thou shalt put them in the 
ark. 3 And I made an ark of acacia 
wood, and hewed two tablets of stone 



22 I 



DEUTERONOMY XI 



like the first, and went up into the 
mount, having the two tablets in my 
hand. * And he wrote upon the tab- 
lets, according to the first writing, the 
ten words that Jehovah spoke to you 
in the mount out of the midst of the 
fire in the day of the assembly; and 
Jehovah gave them to me. 5 And I 
turned and went down from the mount, 
and put the tablets in the ark that I 
had made; and there they remained, 
as Jehovah commanded me. 

6 And the sons of Israel journeyed 
from Beeroth of the sons of Jaakan to 
Mosera; there Aaron died, and there 
he was buried; and Eleazar his son 
became priest in his stead. 7 From 
there they journeyed to Gudgodah; 
and from Gudgodah to Jotbath, a land 
of water brooks. 

8 At that time Jehovah separated the 
tribe of Levi, to carry the ark of the 
covenant of Jehovah, to stand before 
Jehovah, to minister to him, and to 
bless in his name, to this day. 9 Where- 
fore Levi had not portion nor inherit- 
ance with his brethren; Jehovah is his 
inheritance, according as Jehovah thy 
God promised him. 10 And I staid in 
the mount as at the first time, forty 
days and forty nights ; and Jehovah 
hearkened to me at that time also, 
and Jehovah was unwilling to destroy 
thee. M And Jehovah said to me, 
Arise, take thy journey before the 
people, and let them go in, and pos- 
sess the land that I swore to their 
fathers to give to them. 

11 And now, O Israel, what does 
Jehovah thy God require of thee, but 
to fear Jehovah thy God, to walk in 
all his ways, and to love him, and to 
serve Jehovah thy God with all thy 
heart and with all thy soul, 13 to keep 
the commandments of Jehovah, and 
his statutes, which I am commanding 
fchee to-day for thy good ? M Behold, 
to Jehovah thy God belong the 



heavens, and the heaven of heavens, 
the earth and all that is in it. 15 Only 
to thy fathers did Jehovah become 
attached to love them, and he chose 
their seed after them, even you, from 
all the peoples, as it is this day. 

16 And ye shall circumcise the fore- 
skin of your heart, and your neck ye 
shall not continue to stiffen; 17 for 
Jehovah your God, he is the God of 
gods, and the Lord of lords, the 
mighty God, the great, the mighty 
and the terrible, who regards not per- 
sons, nor takes rewards. 18 He exe- 
cutes the judgment of fatherless and 
widow, and loves the sojourner, to 
give to him food and raiment. 19 And 
ye shall love the sojourner; for ye 
were sojourners in the land of Egypt. 
20 Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; 
him shalt thou serve, and to him thou 
shalt cleave, and by his name thou 
shalt swear. 21 He is thy praise, and 
he is thy God, who has done with thee 
these great and terrible things, which 
thine eyes have seen. 22 As seventy 
souls thy fathers went down into 
Egypt ; and now Jehovah thy God 
has made thee as the stars of heaven 
for multitude. 

* CHAPTER XI 

*And thou shalt love Jehovah thy 
God, and keep his charge, and his 
statutes, and his judgments, and his 
commandments, always. 2 And ye 
shall know this day; for I speak not 
with your children who have not 
known, and who have not seen the 
chastisement of Jehovah your God, 
his greatness, his mighty hand, and 
his stretched forth arm, 3 and his signs, 
and his acts, which he did in the midst 
of Egypt to Pharaoh the king of 
Egypt, and to all his land; 4 and which 
he did to the army of Egypt, to their 
horses, and to their chariots; whom he 
overwhelmed with the waters of the 



DEUTERONOMY XI 



Red sea when they were pursuing 
after you; and Jehovah destroyed 
them to this day; 5 and what he did 
to you in the wilderness, until ye came 
to this place; 6 and what he did to 
Dathan and Abiram, the sons of 
Eliab, the son of Reuben; how the 
earth opened her mouth, and swal- 
lowed them up, and their households, 
and their tents, and every living being 
that followed them, in the midst of all 
Israel; 7 but it was your eyes that saw 
all the great work of Jehovah, which 
he did. 8 And ye shall keep all the 
commandment that I am commanding 
thee to-day, in order that ye may be 
strong, and go in and possess the land 
whither ye are about to pass over to 
possess it; 9 and in order that ye may 
prolong your days on the land, which 
Jehovah swore to your fathers to give 
to them and to their seed, a land flow- 
ing with milk and honey. 

10 For the land whither thou art 
about to come to possess it is not 
like the land of Egypt, whence ye 
have come out, where thou didst sow 
thy seed, and didst water it with thy 
foot, as a garden of herbs; u but the 
land whither ye are about to pass over 
to possess it is a land of mountains 
and valleys, and it drinks water of the 
rain of the heavens; 12 a land that Je- 
hovah thy God cares for; the eyes of 
Jehovah thy God are always upon it, 
from the beginning of the year even 
to the end of the year. 

13 And it shall come to pass, if ye 
shall indeed hearken to my command- 
ments that I am commanding you to- 
day, to love Jehovah your God, and 
to serve him with all your heart and 
with all your soul, u that I will give 
you the rain of the land in its season: 
the early rain and the latter rain; 
and thou shalt gather in thy grain, 
and thy wine and thine oil. 15 And 
I will put the herb in thy field for 



thy cattle; and thou shalt eat and be 
satisfied. 16 Take heed to yourselves, 
lest your heart be enticed, and ye turn 
aside, and serve other gods, and wor- 
ship them; n and the anger of Jeho- 
vah burn against you, and he shut up 
the heavens, and there be not rain, 
and the land yield not her increase; 
and ye perish quickly from upon the 
good land that Jehovah is going to 
give to you. 

18 And ye shall place these words of 
mine upon your heart and upon your 
soul, and bind them for a sign upon 
your hand, that they may be as front- 
lets between your eyes. 19 And ye 
shall teach them to your children, 
speaking of them when thou sittesr 
in thy house, and when thou walkest 
along the way, and when thou liest 
down, and when thou risest up. 
20 And thou shalt write them upon the 
door posts of thy house, and in thy 
gates; 21 in order that your days may 
be multiplied, and the days of your 
children, on the land that Jehovah 
swore to your fathers to give them, 
as the days of the heavens abjove the 
earth. 

22 For if ye shall indeed keep all this 
commandment that I am commanding 
you to do, to love Jehovah your God, 
to walk in all his ways, and to cleave 
to him; 23 then will Jehovah dispossess 
all these nations from before you, and 
ye shall possess nations greater and 
mightier than you. 24 Every place in 
which the sole of your foot shall tread 
shall be yours : from the wilderness, 
and the Lebanon, from the river, the 
river Euphrates, even to the hinder 
sea your border shall be. 25 There 
shall no man stand before you; the 
fear of you and the dread of you Je- 
hovah your God shall put upon all 
the land in which ye shall tread, as 
he has said to you. 

26 See, I set before you this day a 



223 



DEUTERONOMY XII 



blessing and a curse : 27 the blessing, 
because ye shall hearken to the com- 
mandments of Jehovah your God that 
I am commanding you to-day; 28 and 
the curse, if ye shall not hearken to 
the commandments of Jehovah your 
God, but turn aside out of the way 
that I am commanding you to-day, to 
go after other gods that ye have not 
known. 2 *And it shall come to pass, 
when Jehovah thy God shall bring 
thee into the land whither thou art 
about to come to possess it, that thou 
shalt put the blessing upon mount 
Gerizim, and the curse upon mount 
Ebal. 30 Are they not across the 
Jordan behind the western road, in 
the land of the Canaanite who is 
dwelling in the Arabah over against 
Gilgal, beside the oaks of Moreh ? 
31 For ye are about to pass over the 
Jordan to go in to possess the land 
that Jehovah your God is going to 
give to you, and ye shall possess it 
and dwell in it. 32 And ye shall take 
heed to do all the statutes and judg- 
ments that I am setting before you 
to-day. # 

CHAPTER XII 

1 These are the statutes and judg- 
ments that ye shall observe to do in 
the land that Jehovah God of thy 
fathers has given thee to possess it, 
all the days that ye live upon the 
land. 2 Ye shall utterly destroy all 
the places where the nations that ye 
are about to possess served their gods, 
Upon the high mountains, and upon 
tlie hills, and under every green tree; 
'and ye shall overthrow their altars, 
and break to pieces their pillars, and 
burn their Asheras with fire; and ye 
shall cut down the graven images of 
their gods; and ye shall destroy their 
•arte out <>! that place. "Ye shall 
imt do thus to Jehovah your God. 
' Hut to the place that Jehovah your 



God shall choose out of all your tribes 
to put his name there, for his dwell- 
ing, shall ye seek, and thither thou 
shalt come ; 6 and thither ye shall 
bring your burnt offerings, and your 
sacrifices, and your tithes, and the 
heave offering of your hand, and 
your vows, and your free-will offer- 
ings, and the firstlings of your herd 
and of your flock; T and there ye shall 
eat before Jehovah your God, and 
rejoice in all that thou puttest thy 
hand to, ye and your households, 
with which Jehovah thy God has 
blessed thee. 8 Ye shall not do ac- 
cording to all that we are doing here 
to-day, every man whatever is right 
in his own eyes ; 9 for ye are not as 
yet come to the place of rest and to 
the inheritance that Jehovah thy God 
is going to give to thee. 10 But ye 
shall pass over the Jordan, and dwell 
in the land that Jehovah your God is 
going to cause you to inherit, and he 
will give you rest from all your ene- 
mies round about, and ye shall dwell 
securely; " and there shall be the 
place that Jehovah your God shall 
choose to cause his name to dwell 
there; thither shall ye bring all that 
I am commanding you : your burnt 
offerings, and your sacrifices, your 
tithes, and the heave offering of your 
hand, and all your choice vows that 
ye shall vow to Jehovah; 12 and ye 
shall rejoice before Jehovah your God, 
ye, and your sons, and your daughters, 
and your menservants, and your maid- 
servants, and the Levite that is within 
your gates; for he has no portion nor 
inheritance with you. 

13 Take heed to thyself lest thou 
offer thy burnt offerings in every place 
that thou seest; u but in the place that 
Jehovah shall choose in one of thy 
tribes, there thou shalt offer thy burnt 
offerings, and there thou shalt do all 
that I am commanding thee. 15 Only, 



DEUTERONOxMY XIII 



in all the desire of thy sonl thou may- 
est kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, 
according to the blessing of Jehovah 
thy God that he has given thee : the 
unclean and the clean may eat of it, 
as of the roebuck, and as of the hart. 
16 Only ye shall not eat of the blood; ye 
shall pour it upon the ground as water. 

17 Thou canst not eat within thy 
gates the tithe of thy grain, and of 
thy wine, and of thine oil, nor the 
firstlings of thy herd, and thy flock, 
nor any of thy vows that thou shalt 
vow, nor thy free-will offerings, nor 
the heave offering of thy hand; 18 but 
before Jehovah thy God thou shalt eat 
them in the place that Jehovah thy 
God shall choose, thou, and thy son, 
and thy daughter, and thy manservant, 
and thy maidservant, and the Levite 
that is within thy gates ; and thou 
shalt rejoice before Jehovah thy God 
in all that thy hand has got. 19 Take 
heed to thyself, lest thou forget the 
Levite all thy days upon thy land. 

20 When Jehovah thy God shall en- 
large thy border, as he has promised 
thee, and thou shalt say, I will eat 
flesh, because thy soul shall desire to 
eat flesh, in all the desire of thy soul 
thou mayest eat flesh. 21 When the 
place that Jehovah thy God shall 
choose to put his name there be too 
far from thee; then thou shalt kill of 
thy herd and of thy flock, which Je- 
hovah has given thee, as I hive com- 
manded thee, and thou shalt eat in 
thy gates in all the desire of thy soul, 
"even as the roebuck and the hart is 
eaten, so thou shalt eat them; the 
unclean and the clean alike may eat 
of them; 2S only be sure not to eat 
the blood; for the blood is the life; 
and thou shalt not eat the life with 
the flesh. "Thou shalt not eat it; 
thou shalt pour it upon the ground 
as water. 25 Thou shalt not eat it, in 
order that it may be well with thee, 



and with thy children after thee, when 
thou shalt do that which is right in 
the sight of Jehovah. 26 Only thy 
holy things that thou shalt have, and 
thy vows, thou shalt take up, and 
come to the place that Jehovah shall 
choose ; 2T and thou shalt offer thy 
burnt offerings, the flesh and the 
blood, upon the altar of Jehovah thy 
God; and the blood of thy sacrifices 
shall be poured out upon the altar of 
Jehovah thy God, and the flesh thou 
shalt eat. 28 Observe and hear all 
these words that I am commanding 
thee, in order that it may be well 
with thee, and with thy children after 
thee forever, when thou doest that 
which is right in the sight of Jehovah 
thy God. 

29 When Jehovah thy God shall cut 
off from before thee the nations that 
thou art about to come in thither to 
possess, and thou possess them, and 
dwell in their land; so take heed to 
thyself, lest thou be ensnared after 
them, after they have been destroyed 
from before thee; lest thou enquire 
about their gods, saying, How did 
these nations serve their gods ? and I 
will do likewise even I. S1 Thou shalt 
not do thus to Jehovah thy God; for 
every abomination of Jehovah that he 
hates have they done to their gods; 
for even their sons and their daughters 
they burn in the fire to their gods. 
33 Every word that I am commanding 
you, that shall ye observe to do; thou 
shalt not add to it, nor take away 
from it. 

CHAPTER XIII 

1 When there shall rise up in the 
midst of thee a prophet, or a dreamer 
of dreams, and shall give thee a sign 
or a wonder, 2 and the sign or the 
wonder come to pass whereof he spoke 
to thee, saying, Let us go after other 
gods, which thou hast not known, and 



15 



225 



DEUTERONOMY XIV 



let us serve them; 3 thou shalt not 
hearken to the words of that prophet, 
or that dreamer of dreams; for Jeho- 
vah your God is trying you, to know 
whether you are loving Jehovah your 
God with all your heart and with all 
your soul. * After Jehovah your God 
ye shall walk, and him ye shall fear, 
and his commandments ye shall keep, 
and his voice ye shall obey, and him ye 
shall serve, and to him ye shall cleave. 
5 And that prophet, or that dreamer of 
dreams, shall be put to death; because 
he has spoken of apostasy from Jeho- 
vah your God, who brought you out 
from the land of Egypt and redeemed 
thee from the house of bondage, to 
draw thee out of the way that Jehovah 
thy God commanded thee to walk in; 
and thou shalt remove the evil from 
the midst of thee. 

6 When thy brother, the son of thy 
mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, 
cr the wife of thy bosom, or thy 
friend who is as thine own soul, shall 
entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go 
and serve other gods, which thou hast 
not known, thou, nor thy fathers, 7 of 
the gods of the peoples that are round 
about you, near to thee, or far from 
thee, from one end of the earth to 
the other end of the earth; 8 thou 
shalt not consent to him, nor hearken 
to him; and thy eye shall not pity 
him, neither shalt thou spare, neither 
shalt thou conceal him; 9 but thou 
shalt surely slay him ; thy hand shall be 
against him first, to put him to death, 
and afterwards the hand of all the 
people. 10 And thou shalt stone him 
with stones, that he die; because he 
has sought to draw thee away from 
Jehovah thy God, who brought thee 
out from the land of Egypt, from the 
house of bondage. " And all Israel 
will hear, and be afraid, and not again 



do according to this evil in the midst 
of thee. 

12 When thou shalt hear it said in 
any one of thy cities that Jehovah thy 
God has given thee to dwell there, 

13 that certain worthless men are gone 
out from the midst of thee, and have 
drawn away the inhabitants of their 
city, saying, Let us go and serve other 
gods, which ye have not known; 

14 then shalt thou enquire, and make 
search, and ask diligently; and, be- 
hold, if it be truth, and the thing 
certain, that this abomination has 
been wrought in the midst of thee; 
16 thou shalt surely smite that city with 
the edge of the sword, destroy it ut- 
terly, and all that is in it, and its' 
beasts thou shalt smite with the edge 
of the sword. 16 And thou shalt gather 
all its spoil into the midst of its square, 
and shalt burn with fire the city, and 
all its spoil wholly to Jehovah thy God; 
and it shall be a ruin forever; it shall 
not be built again. 17 And there shall 
cleave to thy hand nothing whatever 
of the devoted thing; that Jehovah 
may turn from his burning anger; and 
shew thee mercy, and have compas- 
sion upon thee, and multiply thee, as 
he has sworn to thy fathers, 18 when 
thou shalt obey the voice of Jehovah 
thy God, to keep all his command- 
ments that I am commanding thee 
to-day, to do that which is right in the 
eyes of Jehovah thy God. 

CHAPTER XIV 

*Ye are the sons of Jehovah your 
God : ye shall not cut yourselves, nor 
make any baldness between your eyes 
for the dead. 2 For thou art a holy 
people to Jehovah thy God, and Jeho- 
vah has chosen thee to be his special 
people from all the peoples that are 
upon the earth. 






Ver. 15. Destroy it utterly, Heb., devote. 

Vcr. 16. Its square, Heb., broad ; the open places at the gates. 

Ver. 2. Special people, a people of special possession. 

226 



DEUTERONOMY XV 



3 Thou shalt not eat any abominable 
thing. * These are the beasts that ye 
may eat : the ox, the sheep and the 
goat, 5 the hart, and the gazelle, and 
the red deer, and the wild goat, and 
the antelope, and the mountain goat, 
and the chamois. 6 And every beast 
that parts the hoof, and is cloven 
footed, and chews the cud among the 
beasts, that ye may eat. ' Neverthe- 
less, this ye shall not eat, of those 
that chew the cud, or of those that 
are cloven footed : the camel, and 
the hare and the shaphan; for they 
chew the cud, but divide not the hoof; 
they are unclean to you • 8 and the 
swine, because it divides the hoof, yet 
chews not the cud, it is unclean to 
you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, 
nor touch their carcasses. 

9 These ye may eat of all that are in 

the waters : all that have fins and 

scales may ye eat; 10 but anything that 

( has not fins and scales ye shall not 

eat; it is unclean to you. 

11 Every clean bird ye may eat. 
12 But these are they of which ye shall 

• not eat : the great vulture, and the 
■ ossifrage, and the sea eagle, 13 and the 

falcon, and the red kite, and the 
black kite after its kind, u and every 
raven after its kind, 15 and the ostrich, 
and the owl, and the gull, and the 
hawk after its kind, 16 the little owl, 
and the great owl, and the ibis, n and 
\ the pelican, and the vulture, and the 
i cormorant, 18 and the stork, and the 
plover after its kind, and the hoopoe, 
and the bat. 19 And every creeping 
thing that has wings is unclean to you; 

• they shall not be eaten. 20 Every clean 
bird ye may eat. 

21 Ye shall not eat of any thing that 

.dies of itself; thou mayest give it to 

I the stranger that is in thy gates, and 

I he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it 

: to a foreigner; for thou art a holy peo- 



ple to Jehovah thy God. Thou shalt 
not boil a kid in its mother's milk. 

22 Thou shalt surely tithe all the in- 
crease of thy seed, which comes forth 
of the field year by year. n And thou 
shalt eat before Jehovah thy God, in 
the place that he shall choose to cause 
his name to dwell there, the tithe of 
thy grain, of thy wine, and of thine 
oil, and the firstlings of thy herd and 
of thy flock; in order that thou may- 
est learn to fear Jehovah thy God 
always. 24 And when the way shall be 
too long for thee, so that thou shalt 
not be able to carry it; or when the 
place shall be too far from thee, which 
Jehovah thy God shall choose to put 
his name there, when Jehovah thy God 
shall bless thee; 25 then thou shalt give 
it for silver, and tie up the silver in thy 
hand, and go to the place that Jehovah 
thy God shall choose; 26 and thou shalt 
give the silver for whatever thy soul 
shall desire: for the herd, and for the 
flock, and for wine, and for strong 
drink, and for whatever thy soul shall 
ask thee; and thou shalt eat there be- 
fore Jehovah thy God, and thou shalt 
rejoice, thou, and thy household. "And 
the Levite that is within thy gates thou 
shalt not forsake; for he has no portion 
nor inheritance with thee. 28 At the 
end of three years thou shalt bring forth 
all the tithe of thy increase in that year, 
and shalt put it down within thy gates; 
29 and the Levite, because he has no 
portion nor inheritance with thee, and 
the sojourner, and the fatherless, and 
the widow, who are within thy gates, 
shall come, and shall eat and be satis- 
fied; in order that Jehovah thy God 
may bless thee in all the work of thy 
hand which thou shalt do. 

CHAPTER XV 

1 At the end of every seven years 
thou shalt make a release. 2 And this 



Ver. i. Release, a letting alone, letting lie. 
227 



DEUTERONOMY XV 



is the ordinance of the release: every 
( redftor that lends to his neighbor 
shall make a release; he shall not press 
his neighbor, his brother; because 
they have proclaimed a release to Je- 
hovah. 3 A foreigner thou mayest 
press; but that which is thine with thy 
brother thy hand shall let lie. * Ex- 
cept when there shall not be any poor 
with thee; for Jehovah shall surely 
bless thee in the land that Jehovah 
thy God is going to give thee for an 
inheritance to possess it; 5 only if thou 
shalt surely obey the voice of Jehovah 
thy God, to observe to do all this 
commandment that I am commanding 
thee this day. 6 When Jehovah thy 
God has blessed thee as he promised 
thee; then thou shalt lend to many 
nations, and thou shalt not borrow; 
and thou shalt rule over many nations, 
and they shall not rule over thee. 

7 When there shall be with thee one 
poor, any of thy brethren in any of 
thy gates in thy land that Jehovah thy 
God is going to give to thee, thou 
shalt not harden thy heart, nor shut 
up thy hand from thy brother that is 
poor. 8 But thou shalt surely open 
thy hand to him, and shalt surely lend 
him sufficient for his need, what he 
lacks. 'Take heed lest there be a 
wicked thought in thy heart, saying, 
The seventh year, the year of release 
is near; and thine eye be evil against 
thy brother that is poor, and thou do 
not give to him; and he cry to Jeho- 
vah against thee, and it be sin in thee. 
10 Thou shalt surely give to him, and 
thy heart shall not be evil when thou 
givest to him; for on account of this 
thing Jehovah thy God shall bless thee 
in all thy work, and in all that thou 
puttest thy hand to, ll that the poor 
may not cease from the midst of the 
land ; therefore I command thee, 
saying, Thou shalt surely open thy 

Ver. ii. Cease, or 



hand to thy brother, to thy poor, and 
to thy needy, in thy land. 

12 When thy brother, a Hebrew man, 
or a Hebrew woman, shall be sold to 
thee, and serve thee six years; then 
in the seventh year thou shalt let him 
go freely from with thee. I3 And when 
thou shalt let him go freely from with 
thee, thou shalt not let him go empty; 
14 thou shalt surely load him from thy 
flock, and from thy threshing floor, 
and from thy vat: from that with which 
Jehovah thy God has blessed thee thou 
shalt give to him. 15 And thou shalt 
remember that thou wast a servant in 
the land of Egypt, and Jehovah thy 
God redeemed thee; therefore I com- 
mand thee this thing to-day. 16 And 
it shall be when he shall say to thee, I 
will not go away from with thee, be- 
cause he loves thee, and thy house- 
hold, because it is well with him while 
with thee; " then thou shalt take the 
awl, and put it into his ear and into 
the door, and he shall be thy servant 
forever. And also to thy maidservant 
thou shalt do likewise. 18 It shall not 
be hard in thy eyes, when thou lettest 
him go freely from with thee; for 
double the hire of a hired man he has 
earned for thee for six years; and 
Jehovah thy God shall bless thee in all 
that thou shalt do. 

19 All the firstlings that are born 
in thy herd, and in thy flock, that 
are males, thou shalt sanctify to Je- 
hovah thy God. Thou shalt do no 
work with the firstling of the ox, 
nor shear the firstling of thy flock. 
20 Before Jehovah thy God thou shalt j 
eat it year by year in the place that 
Jehovah shall choose, thou and thy; 
household. 21 And when there shall 
be in it a blemish, if lame, or blind, 
any ill blemish, thou shall not sacri- 
fice it to Jehovah thy God. "Within! 
thy gates thou mayest eat it, the un- 

fail, be wanting. 

8 



DEUTERONOMY XVI 



clean and the clean together, as the 
roebuck, and as the hart. 23 Only 
thou shalt not eat its blood; thou shalt 
pour it upon the ground as water. 

CHAPTER XVI 

Observe the month of Abib, and 
keep the passover to Jehovah thy God; 
for in the month of Abib Jehovah thy 
God brought thee out from Egypt by 
night. 2 And thou shalt sacrifice the 
passover to Jehovah thy God, of the 
flock and the herd, in the place that 
Jehovah shall choose to cause his name 
to dwell there. 3 Thou shalt not eat 
leavened bread with it; seven days 
thou shalt eat with it unleavened bread, 
bread of affliction; for thou earnest 
out from the land of Egypt in haste; 
in order that thou mayest remember 
the day when thou earnest out from 
the land of Egypt all the days of thy 
life. * And leaven shall not be seen 
with thee in all thy borders seven days; 
neither shall any of the flesh that thou 
shalt sacrifice at evening on the first 
day remain all night until the morn- 
ing. 5 Thou canst not sacrifice the 
passover within any of thy gates that 
Jehovah thy God is going to give to 
thee, 6 but at the place which Jehovah 
thy God shall choose to cause his 
name to dwell in, there thou shalt 
sacrifice the passover at evening, at 
the going down of the sun, at the sea- 
son that thou earnest out from Egypt. 
7 And thou shalt cook and eat it in 
the place that Jehovah thy God shall 
choose; and thou shalt turn in the 
morning, and go to thy tents. 8 Six 
days thou shalt eat unleavened bread; 
and on the seventh day there shall be 
a religious assembly to Jehovah thy 
God; thou shalt do no work therein. 

9 Thou shalt count for thee seven 
weeks: from the time of beginning to 
put the sickle in the standing grain 
thou shalt begin to count seven weeks; 



10 and thou shalt keep the feast of 
weeks to Jehovah thy God according 
to the measure of the free will offering 
of thy hand which thou shalt give, 
according as Jehovah thy God shall 
bless thee; "and thou shalt rejoice 
before Jehovah thy God, thou, and 
thy son, and thy daughter, and thy 
manservant, and thy maidservant, and 
the Levite that is within thy gates, 
and the sojourner, and the fatherless, 
and the widow, that are among you, 
in the place that Jehovah thy God 
shall choose to cause his name to dwell 
there. Vi And thou shalt remember that 
thou wast a servant in Egypt ; thou 
shalt observe and do these statutes. 

13 The feast of booths thou shalt ob- 
serve seven days, when thou gatherest 
in from thy threshing floor and from 
thy vats; u and thou shalt rejoice in 
thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy 
daughter, and thy manservant, and 
thy maidservant, and the Levite, and 
the sojourner, and the fatherless, and 
the widow, that are within thy gates. 
15 Seven days thou shalt keep a feast 
to Jehovah thy God in the place that 
Jehovah shall choose; because Jeho- 
vah thy God shall bless thee in all thy 
increase, and in all the work of thy 
hands; and thou shalt surely be glad. 

16 Three times in the year shall all 
thy males appear before Jehovah thy 
God in the place which he shall 
choose: in the feast of unleavened 
bread; and in the feast of weeks, and 
in the feast of booths; and they shall 
not appear before Jehovah empty; 
17 every man according to the gift of his 
hand, according to the blessing of Jeho- 
vah thy God that he has given thee. 

18 Judges and officers thou shalt ap- 
point for thee in all thy gates which 
Jehovah thy God is going to give to 
thee, throughout thy tribes ; and they 
shall judge the people with righteous 
judgment. 19 Thou shalt not pervert 



229 



DEUTERONOMY XVII 



judgment ; thou shalt not recognize 
faces, nor take a bribe ; for the bribe 
blinds the eyes of the wise, and per- 
verts the words of the righteous. 
10 Justice, justice shalt thou follow, 
that thou mayest live, and possess the 
land that Jehovah thy God is going to 
give to thee. 

21 Thou shalt not plant for thee as 
an Asherah any tree beside the altar 
of Jehovah thy God which thou shalt 
make for thee. 22 Neither shalt thou 
set up for thee any pillar, which Je- 
hovah thy God hates. 

CHAPTER XVII 

1 Thou shalt not sacrifice to Jehovah 
an ox, or a sheep, in which there shall 
be a blemish, any evil thing ; for that 
is an abomination to Jehovah thy God. 

2 When there shall be found in the 
midst of thee, within any of thy gates 
that Jehovah thy God is going to give 
to thee, a man, or a woman, that shall 
do what is evil in the sight of Jeho- 
vah thy God, to transgress his cove- 
nant, 3 and has gone and served other 
gods, and worshiped them, the sun, 
or moon, or any of the host of the 
heavens, which I have not com- 
manded ; *and it be told thee, and 
thou hear it; then thou shalt enquire 
diligently, and, behold, if it be true, 
and the thing certain, that this abomi- 
nation has been wrought in Israel; 
5 then thou shalt take out that man or 
that woman, who has committed that 
wicked thing, to thy gates, even that 
man or that woman, and shalt stone 
the in with stones, and they shall die. 
1 Upon the testimony of two wit- 
nesses, or three witnesses, shall he 
that is to die be put to death; but 
upon the testimony of one witness he 
shall not be put to death. 'The 
hand of the witnesses shall be first 
upon him i<> put him to death, and 
afterwards the hand of all the people. 



So shalt thou put the evil away from 
the midst of thee. 

8 When any matter for judgment 
shall be too difficult for thee, between 
blood and blood, between cause and 
cause, or between stroke and stroke, 
matters of controversy in thy gates; 
then thou shalt arise, and go up to 
the place which Jehovah thy God shall 
choose; 9 and thou shalt come to the 
priests the Levites, and to the judge ! 
that shall be in those days, and en- 
quire; and they shall make known to 
thee the sentence of the judgment; 

10 and thou shalt do according to the 
sentence that they of that place which 
Jehovah shall choose shall show thee; 
and thou shalt observe to do accord- 
ing to all that they shall teach thee; 

11 according to the law which they shall 
teach thee, and according to the judg- 
ment which they shall tell thee, thou 
shalt do; thou shalt not decline from 
the sentence which they shall show 
thee to the right hand, nor to the left. 

12 And the man that shall act pre- 
sumptuously, not to hearken to the 
priest that stands to minister there to 
Jehovah thy God, or to the judge, 
even that man shall die; and thou 
shalt put away the evil from Israel. 

13 And all the people will hear, and be 
afraid, and will not act presumptu- 
ously again. 

14 When thou shalt come into the 
land that Jehovah thy God is going 
to give to thee, and shalt possess it, 
and shalt dwell in it, and shalt say, I 
will set a king over me, as all the na- 
tions that are about me; 15 thou shalt 
surely set over thee as king him whom 
Jehovah thy God shall choose; from 
among thy brethren thou shalt set over 
thee a king; thou mayest not put over 
thee a foreign man, who is not thy 
brother. 16 Only he shall not multi- 
ply horses to himself, nor cause the 
people to return to Egypt, in order to 



230 



DEUTERONOMY XVIII 



multiply horses; forasmuch as Jehovah 
has said to you, Ye shall not again re- 
turn by this way any more. n Neither 
shall he multiply wives to himself, that 
his heart turn not aside; neither shall 
he multiply to himself silver and gold. 
18 And it shall be, when he sits upon 
the throne of his kingdom, that he 
shall write for himself in a book a copy 
of this law out of that which is before 
the priests the Levites; 19 and it shall 
• be with him, and he shall read in it all 
the days of his life; in order that he 
may learn to fear Jehovah his God, 
to keep all the words of this law and 
these statutes, to do them; 20 that his 
heart may not be lifted up above his 
brethren, and that he may not turn 
aside from the commandment to the 
right hand, or to the left; in order 
that he may prolong his days over his 
kingdom, he and his sons, in the midst 
of Israel. 

CHAPTER XVIII 

lr rhe priests the Levites, all the 
tribe of Levi, shall have no portion or 
inheritance with Israel; the fire offer- 

; ings of Jehovah and his inheritance 
they shall eat, 2 but he shall not have 

i an inheritance in the midst of Israel; 

- Jehovah is his inheritance, as he has 
said to him. 

3 And this shall be the right of the 

: priest from the people, from those sac- 
rificing a sacrifice, either an ox or a 
sheep: they shall give to the priest a 
shoulder, and the two cheeks and the 
stomach. *The firstfruits also of thy 
grain, of thy wine, and of thine oil, 
and the first of the fleece of thy flock 
thou shalt give him; 5 for Jehovah thy 
God has chosen him from all thy tribes, 
to stand to minister in the name of 
Jehovah, him and his sons forever. 

6 And when the Levite shall come 
from any of thy gates out of all Israel 

I where he has sojourned, and come 



with all the desire of his soul to the 
place which Jehovah shall choose; 
7 then he shall minister in the name 
of Jehovah his God, as all his brethren 
the Levites, who stand there before 
Jehovah. s They shall have like por- 
tions to eat, besides that which comes 
of the sale of his patrimony. 

9 When thou art come into the land 
which Jehovah thy God is going to 
give to thee, thou shalt not learn to do 
according to the abominations of those 
nations. 10 There shall not be found 
in thee one that causes his son or his 
daughter to pass through the fire, that 
practises soothsaying, a sorcerer, a 
diviner or a magician, n or a charmer, 
or a consulter with familiar spirits, or 
a wizard, or a necromancer. 12 For 
every one doing these things is an 
abomination to Jehovah; and because 
of these abominations Jehovah thy 
God is going to dispossess them from 
before thee. 13 Thou shalt be perfect 
with Jehovah thy God. u For these 
nations that thou art about to possess 
hearken to sorcerers, and to soothsay- 
ers; but as for thee, not so has Jeho- 
vah thy God given to thee. 15 A 
prophet from the midst of thee, of 
thy brethren, like me, will Jehovah 
thy God raise up for thee, to him ye 
shall hearken, 16 according to all that 
thou didst ask of Jehovah thy God in 
Horeb on the day of the assembly, 
saying, Let me not hear again the 
voice of Jehovah my God, neither let 
me see this great fire any more, that I 
die not; n and Jehovah said to me, 
What they have spoken is well said, 
18 a prophet I will raise up for them 
from among their brethren, like thee, 
and I will put my words in his mouth; 
and he shall speak to them all that I 
shall command him. 19 And it shall 
come to pass, that the man that will 
not hearken to my words which he 
shall speak in my name, I will require 



231 



DEUTERONOMY XIX 



it of him. 20 Only the prophet that 
shall presume to speak a word in my 
name, which I have not commanded 
him to speak, or that shall speak in 
the name of other gods, even that 
prophet shall die. 21 And when thou 
shalt say in thy heart, How shall we 
know the word that Jehovah has not 
spoken ? 22 When the prophet shall 
speak in the name of Jehovah, and the 
thing be not, nor come to pass, that 
is the thing that Jehovah has not 
spoken, but the prophet has spoken 
it presumptuously; thou shalt not be 
afraid of him. 

CHAPTER XIX 

1 When Jehovah thy God shall cut 
off the nations whose land Jehovah 
thy God is going to give to thee, and 
thou shalt possess them and dwell in 
their cities, and in their houses; 2 thou 
shalt separate three cities for thee in 
the midst of thy land which Jehovah 
thy God is going to give thee to pos- 
sess. 3 Thou shalt prepare for thee 
the road, and divide the borders of 
thy land, which Jehovah thy God shall 
cause thee to inherit, into three parts, 
and it shall be for any man-slayer to 
flee thither. 

*And this is the case of the man- 
slayer, who may flee thither and live: 
he who smites his neighbor without 
knowing it, and was not hating him 
before. 5 As when one shall come 
with his neighbor into the forest to cut 
wood, and his hand is thrust out with 
the axe to cut down the tree, and the 
iron slips from the wood, and hits his 
neighbor, and he dies; he shall flee to 
one of the cities, and live, 6 lest the 
avenger of blood pursue the man- 
slayer while his heart is hot, and over- 
take him because the way is long, and 
smite him fatally; and he is not worthy 
of death, because he was not hating 

Ver. 16. Transgression, 



him before. 7 Therefore I command 
thee, saying, Thou shalt separate three 
cities for thee. 8 And when Jehovah 
thy God shall enlarge thy border, as 
he has sworn to thy fathers, and shall 
give thee all the land that he prom- 
ised to give to thy fathers, 9 because 
thou shalt keep all this commandment 
to do it, which I command thee this 
day, to love Jehovah thy God, and to 
walk in his ways continually; then thou 
shalt add three cities more for thee, 
besides these three; 10 that blood of 
an innocent man be not shed in the 
midst of thy land, which Jehovah thy 
God is going to give to thee for an 
inheritance, and blood guiltiness be 
on thee. 

11 But when there shall be a man 
who hates his neighbor, and lies in 
wait for him, and rises up against him, 
and smites him fatally, that he dies, 
and he flees to one of these cities; 
12 then the elders of his city shall send 
and fetch him thence, and deliver him 
into the hand of the avenger of blood, 
that he may die. "Thine eye shall 
not pity him, but thou shalt put away 
the blood of an innocent man from 
Israel, that it may be well with thee. 

w Thou shalt not move thy neigh- 
bor's boundary, which those at the 
beginning set, in thine inheritance, 
which Jehovah thy God is going to 
give thee to possess. 

15 One witness against a man about 
any iniquity, or about any sin, in any 
sin that he sins, shall not stand; upon 
the testimony of two witnesses, or 
upon the testimony of three witnesses, 
a matter shall be established. 

16 When a damaging witness rises up 
against a man, to testify against him of i 
transgression; "then both the men 
who have the controversy shall stand 
before Jehovah, before the priests and 
the judges who shall be in those days; 

or apostasy ; departure. 



232 






DEUTERONOMY XX 



18 and the judges shall inquire thor- 
oughly; and, behold, the witness be a 
false witness, he has testified falsely 
against his brother; 19 then ye shall do 
to him as he had purposed to do to 
his brother; so shalt thou put the evil 
away from the midst of thee; "° and 
those who remain will hear, and be 
afraid, and not continue to do again 
in the midst of thee like this evil 
thing. 21 And thine eye shall not pity; 
life for life, eye for eye, tooth for 
tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. 

CHAPTER XX 

1 When thou goest out to war against 
thy enemy, and seest horses, and chari- 
ots, a people more than thou; thou 
shalt not be afraid of them; for Jeho- 
vah thy God shall be with thee, he 
who brought thee up from the land of 
Egypt. 2 And it shall be, as you draw 
near to the battle, that the priest shall 
approach, and speak to the people, 
3 and say to them, Hear, O Israel, you 
are drawing near to-day to the battle 
against your enemies; let not your 
heart be tender; fear not, and do not 
be alarmed, neither be ye terrified 
because of them; 4 for it is Jehovah 
your God that is going with you, to 
fight for you against your enemies, to 
save you. 5 And the officers shall 
speak to the people, saying. Whoever 
the man that has built a new house, 
and has not dedicated it; let him go 
and return to his house, lest he die in 
the battle, and another man dedicate 
it. G And whoever the man that has 
planted a vineyard, and has not made 
it common; let him go and return to 
his house, lest he die in the battle, 
and another man make it common. 
7 And whoever the man that has be- 
trothed a wife, and has not taken her; 
let him go and return to his house, 
lest he die in the battle, and another 

Ver. 17. Destroy 



man take her. 8 And the officers shall 
speak further to the people, and say. 
Whoever the man that is afraid and 
tender-hearted; let him go and return 
to his house, that the heart of his 
brethren may not melt like his heart. 
9 And it shall be. when the officers 
finish speaking to the people, that they 
shall appoint captains of hosts at the 
head of the people. 

10 When thou comest near to a city 
to fight against it; then thou shalt call 
to it for peace; u and it shall be, if 
it make thee answer of peace, and 
open to thee; then it shall be, that 
all the people that are found in it shall 
be thine for tribute service, and they 
shall serve thee. V2 And if it shall not 
make peace with thee, but makes war 
against thee; then thou shalt besiege 
it; 13 and Jehovah thy God shall de- 
liver it into thy hand, and thou shalt 
smite all of its males with the edge of 
the sword; M but the women and the 
little ones, and the beasts, and all 
that is in the city, all its spoil, thou 
shalt take as booty to thyself; and thou 
shalt consume the spoil of thy ene- 
mies which Jehovah thy God shall 
have given thee. 15 Thus shalt thou 
do to all the cities that are very far off 
from thee, which are not of the cities 
of these nations here. 1,; But of the 
cities of these peoples, whom Jehovah 
thy God is going to give thee for an 
inheritance, thou shalt not save alive 
any that has breath; "but thou shalt 
utterly destroy them: the Hittite, and 
the Amorite, the Canaanite, and the 
Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite; 
as Jehovah thy God commanded thee; 
18 in order that they may not teach 
you to do according to all their abom- 
inations, which they do to their gods, 
and ye sin against Jehovah your God. 

19 When thou shalt besiege a city 
many days, to war against it, to take 

, Heb., devote. 



2.33 



DEUTERONOMY XXI 



it, thou shalt not destroy its trees by 
striking an axe into them; for of them 
thou shalt eat; and them thou shalt not 
cut down; for is the tree of the field a 
man to come into the siege before 
thee? fOnly the trees that thou 
knowest are not trees for food thou 
mavest destroy, and cut down, and 
build a bulwark against the city that is 
making war with thee, until it fall. 

CHAPTER XXI 

1 When one slain shall be found in 
the land which Jehovah thy God is 
going to give thee to possess, lying 
fallen in the field, it not being known 
who has smitten him; 2 then thy elders 
and thy judges shall go out, and meas- 
ure to the cities that are round about 
the one slain; 3 and it shall be, that 
the city which is nearest to the one 
slain, even the elders of that city shall 
take a heifer of the herd that has 
not been worked with, that has not 
drawn in the yoke; *and the elders of 
that city shall bring the heifer down 
to a valley of a perennial stream, which 
is not tilled nor sown, and shall break 
the neck of the heifer there in the 
valley. 5 And the priests the sons of 
Levi shall come near; for them Jeho- 
vah thy God has chosen to minister to 
him, and to bless in the name of Je- 
hovah, and according to their word 
shall every controversy and every 
stroke be; 6 and all the elders of that 
city, who are nearest to the one slain, 
shall wash their hands over the heifer 
whose neck has been broken in the 
valley; 7 and they shall answer and 
say, Our hands have not shed this 
blood, neither have our eyes seen it. 
1 I'orgive, O Jehovah, thy people Is- 
whom thou hast redeemed, and 
put not innocent blood in the midst 
of thy people Israel. And the blood 
tfafati be forgiven them. 9 So shalt 



thou put away innocent blood from 
the midst of thee, when thou shalt do 
that which is right in the sight of 
Jehovah. 

10 When thou goest forth to the war 
against thine enemies, and Jehovah 
thy God delivers them into thy hands, 
and thou takest captives of them, 
"and seest among the captives a 
woman of beautiful form, and thou 
become attached to her, and take her 
for thy wife; 12 then thou shalt bring her 
within thy house; and she shall shave 
her head, and pare her nails; 13 and 
she shall remove the raiment of her 
captivity from off her, and shall dwell 
in thy house, and bewail her father 
and her mother a full month; and 
after that thou shalt go in unto her, 
and become her husband, and she 
shall become thy wife. "And it shall 
be, if thou hast not delight in her, 
then thou shalt let her depart at her 
pleasure; but thou shalt by no means 
sell her for silver, thou shalt not treat 
her with violence, because thou hast 
humbled her. 

15 When a man shall have two wives, 
one beloved, and the other hated; and 
they bear him children, the beloved 
and the hated, and the firstborn son 
belong to the one hated; "then it 
shall be, that in the day that he causes 
his sons to inherit that which he has, 
he may not make the son of the be- 
loved to be firstborn over the son of 
the hated, who is the firstborn; 1T but 
he shall acknowledge the son of the 
hated to be the firstborn by giving 
him a double portion in all that he 
has; for he is the beginning of his 
strength; the right of the firstborn 
shall be his. 

18 When a man shall have a stubborn 
and rebellious son, who does not obe^ 
the voice of his father, or the vok 
of his mother, and who when they 



Ver. 8. Forgive Heb., cover, expiate. Be forgiven, or covered. 

2 34 



DEUTERONOMY XXII 



chastise him does not hearken to 
them ; 19 then shall his father and his 
mother seize him, and take him out 
to the elders of his city, and to the 
gate of his place ; 20 and they shall 
say to the elders of his city, This our 
son is stubborn and rebellious, he 
does not obey our voice, he is a 
spendthrift and a drunkard. n And 
all the men of his city shall stone 
him with stones, that he die; so shalt 
thou put the evil away from the midst 
of thee; and all Israel will hear and 
be afraid. 

22 And when there shall be sin in a 
man worthy of death, and he be put 
to death, and thou hang him on a 
stake ; 23 his corpse shall not remain 
all night on the stake, but thou shalt 
surely bury it on that day; for he that 
is hanged is accursed of God ; and 
thou shalt not make unclean thy land 
which Jehovah is going to give to thee 
for an inheritance. 



CHAPTER XXII 

x Thou shalt not see thy brother's 
ox or sheep going astray and turn thy- 
self away from them; thou shalt surely 
return them to thy brother. 2 And if 
thy brother be not near thee, or if 
thou know him not; then thou shalt 
gather it into thy house, and it shall 
be with thee until thy brother seek af- 
ter it, and thou shalt return it to him 
again. 3 So shalt thou do with his ass, 
and so shalt thou do with his raiment; 
and so shalt thou do with anything of 
thy brother's that shall be lost from 
him, and that thou shalt find ; thou 
smayest not turn thyself away. 

4 Thou shalt not see thy brother's 

ass or his ox fallen down in the road, 

and turn thyself away from them; 

i thou shalt surely lift it up with him. 

' 5 A man's things shall not be on a 

woman, neither shall a man put on a 

Ver 



woman's garment; for every one doing 
these things is an abomination to Je- 
hovah thy God. 

6 When a bird's nest chances to be 
before thee along the way in any tree, 
or on the ground, with young ones or 
eggs, and the mother sitting on the 
young or on the eggs; thou shalt not 
take the mother along with the young; 
7 thou shalt surely let the mother go, 
and the young thou shalt take to 
thee; in order that it may be well with 
thee, and that thou mayest prolong 
thy days. 

8 When thou shalt build a new 
house, then thou shalt make a bat- 
tlement to thy roof, that thou put not 
blood guiltiness upon thy house, when 
there should fall the one falling from it. 

9 Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard 
with a different kind of seed, lest the 
abundance, both of the seed that 
thou sowest, and the increase of the 
vineyard, be holy. 10 Thou shalt not 
plow with an ox and an ass together. 
11 Thou shalt not wear mixed material, 
woolen and linen together. 12 Thou 
shalt make thee tassels upon the four 
corners of thy vesture with which thou 
coverest thyself. 

13 When a man takes a wife, and 
goes in unto her and hates her, u and 
charges her with deeds to be talked 
about, and causes an evil name about 
her to go forth, and say, I took this 
woman, and when I drew near to her. 
I found not her tokens of virginity; 
15 then shall the father of the young 
woman, and her mother, take and 
bring out the young woman's tokens 
of virginity to the elders of the city 
at the gate; 16 and the young woman's 
father shall say to the elders, I gave 
my daughter to this man for a wife, 
and he hates her; " and, lo, he has 
charged her with deeds to be talked 
about, saying, I found not thy daugh- 

Stake, or something made of wood. 

235 



DEUTERONOMY XXIII 



ter's tokens of virginity; and these 
are my daughter's tokens of virginity. 
And they shall spread the clothing 
before the elders of the city. 18 And 
the elders of that city shall take the 
man and chastise him $ 19 and they 
shall fine him a hundred shekels of 
silver, and give it to the father of the 
young woman, because he has caused 
to go forth an evil name about a virgin 
of Israel; and she shall be his wife, 
he may not put her away all his days. 
J " But if this charge be true, the young 
woman's tokens of virginity not being 
found; 21 then they shall bring out the 
young woman to the door of her fa- 
ther's house, and the men of her city 
shall stone her with stones that she 
die; because she has wrought folly in 
Israel in becoming a harlot in her 
father's house; so shalt thou put the 
evil away from the midst of thee. 

22 When a man shall be found lying 
with a woman married to a husband, 
then they shall die both of them, the 
man that lay with the woman, and the 
woman; so shalt thou put away the 
evil from Israel. 

" When a young woman a virgin 
shall be betrothed to a man, and a 
man find her in the city, and lie with 
her; 2 *then ye shall bring them both 
out to the gate of that city, and ye 
shall stone them with stones, that they 
die : the young woman because she 
did not cry out, being in the city; and 
the man because he humbled his 
neighbor's wife; so shalt thou put the 
evil away from the midst of thee. 

25 Hut if the man finds the betrothed 
voung woman in the field, and the 
i)i;m forces her, and lies with her; 
then the man only that lay with her 
-hall die; 26 and to the young woman 
thou shalt not do anything; there is 



even so is this matter; 
her in the field, and 



27 for he found 
the betrothed 
and there 



young woman cried out, 
was no helper for her. 

28 When a man shall find a young 
woman a virgin that is not betrothed, 
and seizes her, and lies with her, and 
they be found; "'then the man that 
lay with her shall give to the young 
woman's father fifty shekels of silver, 
and she shall be his wife; because he 
has humbled her he may not put her 
away all his days. 30 A man shall not 
take his father's wife, nor uncover his 
father's coverlet. 

CHAPTER XXIII 

1 He that is emasculated by crush- 
ing, or has his privy member cut off, 
shall not enter into the congregation 
of Jehovah. 2 A bastard shall not 
enter into the congregation of Jeho- 
vah, even his tenth generation shall 
not enter into the congregation of Je- 
hovah. 3 An Ammonite or Moabite 
shall not enter into the congregation 
of Jehovah; even their tenth genera- 
tion shall not enter into the congrega- 
tion of Jehovah forever; * because they 
met you not with bread and with water 
on the way, when ye were coming out 
from Egypt; and because they hired 
against thee Balaam the son of Beor 
of Pethor of Mesopotamia to curse 
thee. 5 But Jehovah thy God was not 
willing to hearken to Balaam; and Je- 
hovah thy God turned the curse into 
a blessing for thee, because Jehovah 
thy God loved thee. 6 Thou shalt not 
seek their peace nor their prosperity 
all thy days forever. 

7 Thou shalt not abominate an 
Edomite; for he is thy brother; thou 
shalt not abominate an Egyptian; be- 
cause thou wast a sojourner in his 



in the young woman no sin worthy of! land. 8 The children that are born to 



deaths for 



as when a man rises up i them in the third generation may enter 
I his neighbor, and slays him, ! into the congregation of Jehovah. 

236 



DEUTERONOMY XXIV 



9 When thou goest out in camp 
against thy enemies, thou shalt keep 
thyself from every evil thing. 10 When 
there shall be among you a man that 
is not clean because of an accident 
of the night; then he shall go forth 
outside the camp, he shall not come 
into the midst of the camp; n but it 
shall be, at the turning of evening he 
shall bathe with water, and as the sun 
goes down he shall come into the midst 
of the camp. " Thou shalt have a 
place also outside the camp, and thou 
shalt go forth thither outside; 13 and 
thou shalt have a paddle along with 
thy weapons; and it shall be, when 
thou sittest down outside, thou shalt 
dig with it, and shalt turn back and 
cover thy excrement; u for Jehovah 
thy God walks in the midst of thy 
camp, to deliver thee, and to give up 
thine enemies before thee; and thy 
camp shall be holy; that he see not 
with thee any filthy thing, and turn 
back from thee. 

15 Thou shalt not deliver to his mas- 
ter a servant that escapes to thee from 
his master; 16 he shall dwell with thee, 
in the midst of thee, in the place that 
he shall choose within one of thy gates, 
where it is good to him; thou shalt 
not maltreat him. 

17 There shall not be a female pros- 
titute of the daughters of Israel, nor 
a male prostitute of the sons of Israel. 
18 Thou shalt not bring the hire of a 
whore, nor the wages of a dog, into the 
house of Jehovah thy God for any vow; 
for even both of these are an abomina- 
tion to Jehovnh thy God. 

19 Thou shalt not exact interest of 
thy brother; interest for silver, interest 
for food, interest for anything for 

, which interest is taken. 20 Of an alien 
thou mayest exact interest; but of thy 
brother thou shalt not exact interest; 
in order that Jehovah thy God may 

■ bless thee in all that thou puttest thy 



hand to, in the land whither thou art 
about to come to possess it. 

31 When thou shalt vow a vow to 
Jehovah thy God, thou shalt not delay 
to pay it; for Jehovah thy God will 
surely require it of thee, and it would 
be sin in thee. *? But when thou shalt 
abstain from vowing, it shall not be sin 
in thee. 23 That which proceeds from 
thy lips thou shalt observe and do; as 
thou hast vowed to Jehovah thy God 
a freewill offering, which thou hast 
promised with thy mouth. 

24 When thou comest into thy neigh- 
bor's vineyard, thou mayest eat grapes 
to thy fill, according to thy desire, 
but thou shalt not put them into thy 
vessel. 25 When thou comest into the 
standing grain of thy neighbor, thou 
mayest pluck off the heads of grain 
with thy hand; but a sickle thou shalt 
! not apply to the standing grain of thy 
neighbor. 

CHAPTER XXIV 

1 When a man shall take a woman, 
and marry her, and it comes to pass 
that she finds no favor in his eyes, 
because he has found some filthy thing 
in her; and he writes for her a bill of 
| divorcement, and gives it into her 
hand, and sends her away from his 
house, 2 and she goes out from his 
house, and goes and becomes another 
man's wife, 3 and the second husband 
hates her, and writes her a bill of 
divorcement, and gives it into her 
hand, and sends her away from his 
house; or when the second husband 
who has taken her as his wife shall 
i die ; * her first husband, who sent 
j her away, cannot take her again to 
be li is wife after that she has been 
made unclean ; for that is abomina- 
tion before Jehovah, and thou shalt 
not cause the land to sin, which Jeho- 
vah thy God is going to give to thee 
for an inheritance. 

>37 



DEUTERONOMY XXV 



! When a man shall take a new wife, 
he shall not go forth with the host, 
neither shall he be charged with any 
business; he shall be free at home one 
year, and shall gladden his wife whom 
he has taken. 

6 One shall not take as pledge a 
mill, or upper millstone; for he takes 
a life as pledge. 

7 When a man shall be found steal- 
ing any of his brethren of the sons of 
Israel, and treats him with violence, 
or sells him; then that thief shall die; 
and thou shalt put away the evil from 
the midst of thee. 

8 Take heed in the plague of leprosy, 
that thou observe diligently to do ac- 
cording to all that the priests the 
Levites shall teach you; according as 
I have commanded them ye shall ob- 
serve to do. 9 Remember what Jeho- 
vah thy God did to Miriam on the 
way, when ye were coming out from 
Egypt. 

10 When thou shalt lend thy neigh- 
bor a loan of any kind, thou shalt not 
go into his house for him to give his 
pledge; " thou shalt stand outside, 
and the man to whom thou art going 
to lend shall bring out the pledge out- 
side to thee. ie And if he is a poor 
man, thou shalt not sleep with his 
pledge; "thou shalt surely return to 
him the pledge as the sun goes down, 
that he may sleep' in his raiment, and 
bless thee; and there shall be right- 
eousness to thee before Jehovah thy 
God. 

14 Thou shalt not oppress a hired 
servant that is poor and needy, of thy 
brethren, or of thy sojourners that are 
in thy land within thy gates. 15 On its 
day thou shalt give his hire, and the 
sun shall not set upon it; for he is 
poor, .ind lifts up his soul to it; that 
In may not cry against thee to Jeho- 
v.-ih. and it be sin in thee. 

Fathers shall not be put to death 



for children, nor shall children be put 
to death for fathers; each for his own 
sin they shall be put to death. 

17 Thou shalt not pervert the judg- 
ment of the sojourner, nor of the 
fatherless, nor take as pledge a widow' s 
raiment. 18 And thou shalt remember 
that thou wast a servant in Egypt, and 
Jehovah thy God redeemed thee 
thence; therefore I command thee to 
do this thing. 

19 When thou shalt cut thy harvest 
in thy field, and shalt forget a sheaf 
in the field, thou shalt not turn back 
to fetch it; it shall be for the sojourner, 
for the fatherless and for the widow; 
in order that Jehovah thy God may 
bless thee in all the work of thy hands. 
20 When thou shalt beat thine olive tree, 
thou shalt not go over the boughs after 
thee; it shall be for the sojourner, for 
the fatherless and for the widow. 
21 When thou shalt gather the grapes 
of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean 
it after thee; it shall be for the 
sojourner, for the fatherless and for 
the widow. 22 And thou shalt remem- 
ber that thou wast a servant in the 
land of Egypt; therefore I command 
thee to do this thing. 

CHAPTER XXV 

1 When there shall be a controversy 
between men, and they come to the 
judgment, and they judge them ; then 
they shall justify the righteous, and 
condemn the wicked. 2 And it shall 
be, if the wicked is worthy to be 
beaten, that the judge shall cause 
him to lie down, and they shall beat 
him before him, with a number cor 
responding to his wickedness. 3 Forty 
blows they may strike him, not more 
lest with more than these they beat 
him a great beating, and thy brother 
becomes despised in thy sight. 

4 Thou shalt not muzzle the ox 
while he is treading out grain. 5 When 
8 



DEUTERONOMY XXVI 



brothers dwell together, and one of 
them shall die, having no child, the 
wife of the dead shall not be married 
outside to strangers ; her husband's 
brother shall go in unto her, and take 
her as his wife, and act a husband's 
brother to her. 6 And it shall be, that 
the firstborn that she shall bear, shall 
be established in the name of the 
brother that is dead, that his name be 
not blotted out from Israel. 7 And 
if the man does not desire to take his 
brother's wife ; then his brother's wife 
shall go up to the gate to the elders, 
and say, My husband's brother refuses 

» establish to his brother a name in 
ael, he is not willing to act my 
sband's brother. 8 Then the elders 
his city shall call him, and speak to 
him ; and if he stand and say, I do 
not desire to take her ; 9 then shall 
his brother's wife come to him in the 
presence of the elders, and pull off his 
sandal from his foot, and spit in his 
face, and answer and say. Thus is it 
done to the man that will not build up 
his brother's household. 10 And his 
name shall be called in Israel, The 
house of the one with his sandal 
pulled off. 

11 When men shall strive together, 
and the wife of one draws near for to 
deliver her husband out of the hand 
of him that is smiting him, and puts 
forth her hand, and seizes his secrets ; 
12 then thou shalt cut off her hand ; 
thine eye shall not pity. 

13 Thou shalt not have in thy bag 
different weights, a great and a small. 
u Thou shalt not have in thy house 
different ephahs, a great and a small. 
15 A full and just weight shalt thou 
have, a full and just ephah shalt thou 
have, in order that thy days may be 
prolonged on the land which Jehovah 
thy God is going to give to thee. 
16 For an abomination to Jehovah thy 



God is every one doing these things, 
every one doing evil. 

17 Remember what Amalek did to 
thee in the way, when ye were coming 
out from Egypt ; 1S how he met thee 
in the way, and attacked thy rear, 
all that were feeble behind thee, while 
thou wast faint and weary, and he 
feared not God. 19 And it shall be, 
when Jehovah thy God has given thee 
rest from all thy enemies round about, 
in the land which Jehovah thy God is 
going to give to thee for an inheritance 
to possess, thou shalt blot out the re- 
membrance of Amalek from under the 
heavens; thou shalt not forget. 






CHAPTER XXVI 



x And it shall be, when thou shalt 
come into the land which Jehovah 
thy God is going to give to thee for 
an inheritance, and shalt possess it, 
and dwell in it, 2 that thou shalt take 
some of the first of all the fruit of the 
ground that thou shalt bring in from 
thy land that Jehovah thy God is 
going to give to thee, and shalt put 
it in a basket, and shalt go to the 
place that Jehovah thy God shall 
choose to cause his name to dwell 
there. 3 And thou shalt come to the 
priest that shall be in those days, and 
say to him, I declare this day to 
Jehovah thy God, that I am come to 
the land that Jehovah swore to our 
fathers to give to us. * And the priest 
shall take the basket from thy hand, 
and set it down before the altar of 
Jehovah thy God ; 5 and thou shalt 
answer and say before Jehovah thy 
God, An Aramean about to perish 
was my father ; and he went down to 
Egypt, and sojourned there, a few 
men ; and he there became a nation, 
great, mighty and many; 6 and the 
Egyptians ill-treated us, and afflicted 
us, and put upon us a hard service, 



Ver. 13. Different weights, Heb., a stone and a stone. So ver. 14, ephahs. 



239 



DEUTERONOMY XXVII 



7 and we cried to Jehovah God of our 
fathers, and Jehovah heard our voice, 
and saw our oppression, and our labor 
and our affliction; 8 and Jehovah 
brought us out from Egypt with a 
mighty hand, and with an arm 
stretched forth, and with great terri- 
bleness, and with signs, and with 
wonders ; 9 and he has brought us 
into this place, and has given us 
this land, a land flowing with milk 
and honey. 10 And, now, behold, I 
have brought the first of the fruit of 
the ground which thou, O Jehovah, 
hast given me. And thou shalt set it 
down before Jehovah thy God, and 
worship before Jehovah thy God ; 
11 and thou shalt rejoice in all the good 
that Jehovah thy God has given to 
thee, and to thy house, thou, and the 
Levite, and the sojourner that is in 
the midst of thee. 

12 When thou shalt finish tithing all 
the tithes of thine increase in the third 
year, the year of tithing, and shalt 
give it to the Levite, the sojourner, the 
fatherless, and the widow, and they 
shall eat it within thy gates, and are 
satisfied ; 13 then thou shalt say before 
Jehovah thy God, I have put away 
what was holy from my house, and 
also have given it to the Levite, and 
to the sojourner, to the fatherless and 
to the widow, according to all thy 
commandment which thou didst com- 
mand me ; I have not transgressed 
thy commandments, nor have I for- 
gotten ; u I have not eaten of it while 
in mourning, nor put away any of it 
while unclean, nor given any of it on 
account of one dead ; I have obeyed 
the voice of Jehovah my God, I have 
done according to all that thou hast 
commanded me. IS Look down from 
thy holy habitation, from heaven, and 
bless thy people Israel, and the land 
which thou hast given us, as thou 



didst swear to our fathers, a land 
flowing with milk and honey. 

16 This day Jehovah thy God com- 
mands thee to do these statutes and 
judgments; and thou shalt keep and 
do them with all thy heart and with 
all thy soul. "Thou hast this day 
promised that Jehovah should be thy 
God, and to walk in his ways, and to 
keep his statutes, and his command- 
ments, and his judgments, and to 
obey his voice; 18 and Jehovah has 
promised this day that thou shouldest 
be his special people, as he said to 
thee, and to keep all his command- 
ments, 19 and to make thee supreme 
above all the nations that he has made, 
in praise, and in fame and in honor; 
and that thou shouldest be a holy 
people to Jehovah thy God, as he 
promised. 

CHAPTER XXVII 

1 And Moses and the elders of Is- 
rael commanded the people, saying, 
Keep all the commandment that I 
command you this day. 2 And it shall 
be, that in the day that ye pass over 
the Jordan to the land that Jehovah 
thy God is going to give to thee, thou 
shalt set up for thee large stones, and 
plaster them with plaster; 3 and thou 
shalt write upon them all the words 
of this law, when thou passest over, 
in order that thou mayest come into 
the land which Jehovah thy God is 
going to give to thee, a land flowing 
with milk and honey; as Jehovah God 
of thy fathers has promised thee. 
*And it shall be when you pass over 
the Jordan, ye shall set up these stones 
that I command you this day in mount 
Ebal, and thou shalt plaster them with 
plaster. 5 And thou shalt build there 
an altar to Jehovah thy God, an altar 
of stones; thou shalt not apply to them 
an iron tool. fi Of whole stones thou 



Ver. 14. Put away, or consumed. 
24O 



DEUTERONOMY XXVIII 



shalt build the altar of Jehovah thy 
God, and thou shalt offer upon it 
burnt offerings to Jehovah thy God; 
' and thou shalt offer peace offerings, 
and shalt eat there, and rejoice before 
Jehovah thy God. 8 And thou shalt 
write upon the stones all the words of 
this law, cutting them deep. 

9 And Moses and the priests the 
Levites spoke to all Israel, saying, Be 
silent, and listen, O Israel; this day 
thou art become the people of Jeho- 
vah thy God; 10 and thou shalt obey 
the voice of Jehovah thy God, and do 
his commandments and his statutes, 
which I command thee to-day. 

11 And Moses commanded the peo- 
ple on that day, saying, u These shall 
stand on mount Gerizim to bless the 
people, when ye pass over the Jor- 
dan: Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, 
and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benja- 
min: l3 and these shall stand on mount 
Ebal for the curse: Reuben, Gad, 
and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan and 
Naphtali. u And the Levites shall 
answer and say to all the men of Is- 
rael with a loud voice, 15 Cursed is the 
man that makes a graven image, or 
molten image, an abomination to Je- 
hovah, the work of the craftsman's 
hands, and sets it in a secret place; 
and all the people shall answer and 
say, Amen. 16 Cursed is he that makes 
light of his father or his mother; and all 
the people shall say, Amen. " Cursed 
is he that moves his neighbor's boun- 
dary; and all the people shall say, 
Amen. 18 Cursed is he that makes 
the blind to wander in the way; and 
all the people shall say, Amen. 
19 Cursed is he that perverts the judg- 
ment of the sojourner, fatherless or 
widow; and all the people shall say, 
Amen. 20 Cursed is he that lies with 
his father's wife, because he uncovers 
his father's coverlet; and all the peo- 



ple shall say, Amen. 21 Cursed is he 
that lies with any beast; and all the 
people shall say, Amen. 22 Cursed is 
he that lies with his sister, the daughter 
of his father, or the daughter of his 
mother; and all the people shall say, 
Amen. 23 Cursed is he that lies with 
his mother-in-law; and all the people 
shall say, Amen. 24 Cursed is he that 
smites his neighbor secretly; and all 
the people shall say, Amen. 25 Cursed 
is he that takes a reward to smite fa- 
tally innocent blood; and all the peo- 
ple shall say, Amen. 26 Cursed is he 
that shall not confirm all the words of 
this law, to do them; and all the 
people shall say, Amen. 

CHAPTER XXVIII 

1 And it shall come to pass, if thou 
shalt surely obey the voice of Jeho- 
vah thy God, to observe to do all his 
commandments, which I command 
thee to-day, that Jehovah thy God 
will set thee supreme above all the na- 
tions of the earth; * and all these bless- 
ings shall come upon thee, and over- 
take thee, because thou shalt obey the 
voice of Jehovah thy God: 3 blessed 
shalt thou be in the city, and blessed 
shalt thou be in the field. * Blessed 
shall be the fruit of thy body, and the 
fruit of thy ground, and the fruit of 
thy beasts, the offspring of thy cattle, 
and the young of thy flock. 5 Blessed 
shall be thy basket, and thy kneading 
tray. 6 Blessed shalt thou be when 
thou comest in, and blessed shalt thou 
be when thou goest out. 7 Jehovah 
shall cause thy enemies that rise up 
against thee to be smitten before thee; 
by one way they shall come out against 
thee, and by seven ways they shall flee 
before thee. 8 Jehovah shall com- 
mand the blessing to be with thee in 
thy storehouses, and in all that thou 
puttest thy hand to; and he shall bless 



Hi 



Ver. 8. Cutting them deep, or engraving them well. 
241 



DEUTERONOMY XXVIII 



thee in the land which Jehovah thy 
God is going to give to thee. 

9 Jehovah shall establish thee a holy 
people to himself, as he has sworn to 
thee, when thou shalt keep the com- 
mandments of Jehovah thy God, and 
walk in his ways. ,0 And all the peoples 
of the earth shall see that the name of 
Jehovah is called upon thee; and they 
shall be afraid of thee. u And Jeho- 
vah shall make thee abound in wealth, 
in the fruit of thy body, and in the 
fruit of thy beast, and in the fruit of 
thy ground, on the land which Jeho- 
vah swore to thy fathers to give to 
thee. 12 Jehovah shall open for thee 
his good treasures, the heavens to give 
the rain of thy land in its season, and 
to bless all the work of thy hand; and 
thou shalt lend to many nations, and 
thou shalt not borrow. 13 And Jehovah 
shall place thee as a head, and not as 
a tail; and thou shalt be only above, 
and thou shalt not be under, when 
thou shalt hearken to the command- 
ments of Jehovah thy God, which I 
command thee to-day, to observe and 
to do them. u And thou shalt not 
turn aside from any of the words 
which I command thee to-day, to the 
right hand or to the left, to go after 
other gods, to serve them. 

15 But it shall be, if thou shalt not 
obey the voice of Jehovah thy God, 
to observe to do all his command- 
ments and his statutes which I com- 
mand thee to-day, that all these curses 
shall come upon thee, and overtake 
thee : ■ Cursed shalt thou be in the 
city, and cursed shalt thou be in the 
field. " Cursed shall be thy basket 
and thy kneading tray. 18 Cursed 
shall be the fruit of thy body, and 
the fruit of thy land, the offspring of 
thy cattle, and the young of thy flock. 
19 Cursed shalt thou be when thou 
comest in, and cursed shalt thou be 



when thou goest out. 20 Jehovah shall 
send against thee curse, confusion and 
rebuke, in all thou shalt put thy hand 
to, that thou shalt do, until thou art de- 
stroyed, and until thou perish quickly, 
because of the evil of thy deeds ir> 
which thou hast forsaken me. "Je- 
hovah shall make the pestilence cleave 
to thee, until he has consumed thee 
from off the land whither thou art 
about to come to possess it. 22 Je- 
hovah shall smite thee with consump- 
tion, and with burning fever, and with 
inflammation, and with a fiery burning, 
and with sword, and with blasting, and 
with mildew ; and they shall pursue 
thee until thou perish. 23 And thy 
heavens that are over thy head shall 
be bronze, and the earth that is under 
thee iron. 24 Jehovah shall make the 
rain of thy land powder and dust ; 
from the heavens shall it come down 
upon thee, until thou be destroyed. 
25 Jehovah shall cause thee to be smit- 
ten before thine enemies; by one way 
thou shalt go out against them, and 
by seven ways thou shalt flee before 
them; and thou shalt become a thing 
to be tossed about to all the kingdoms 
of the earth. 26 And thy corpse shall 
become food for all the birds of the 
heavens, and for the beasts of the 
earth, with no one frightening them 
away. 2T Jehovah shall smite thee with 
the ulcer of Egypt, and with tumors, 
and with the scurvy, and with the itch, 
of which thou canst not be healed. 

28 Jehovah shall smite thee with mad- 
ness, and blindness and terror of mind; 

29 and thou shalt be groping about at 
noon, as the blind gropes in darkness, 
and thou shalt not make thy ways 
prosperous ; and thou shalt be only 
oppressed and spoiled continually, and 
there shall be no one to save. 

30 Thou shalt betroth a wife, and 
another man shall lie with her; thou 



Ver. 23. Bronze, or copper. 
242 



DEUTERONOMY XXVIII 



shalt build a house, and thou shalt 
not dwell in it ; thou shalt plant a 
vineyard, and thou shalt not make it 
common. S1 Thine ox shall be slain 
before thine eyes, but thou shalt not 
eat of it ; thine ass shall be taken 
away as spoil from before thee, and 
it shall not return to thee; thy flock 
shall be given to thine enemies, and 
thou shalt have no one to save them. 
32 Thy sons and thy daughters shall be 
given to another people, and thine 
eyes shall be looking and fail with 
longing for them all the day; and thy 
hand shall be powerless. 33 The fruit 
of thy ground, and all thy toil, a peo- 
ple that thou knowest not shall eat; 
and thou shalt be only oppressed and 
crushed continually ; 34 so that thou 
shall be mad because of the sight of 
thine eyes that thou shalt see. "Je- 
hovah shall smite thee with a severe 
ulcer on thy knees, and on thy legs, 
of which thou canst not be cured, 
from the sole of thy foot even to thy 
crown. 36 Jehovah shall cause thee 
and thy king whom thou shalt set 
over thee to go to a nation that thou 
hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; 
and there shalt thou serve other gods, 
wood and stone. 37 And thou shalt 
become an astonishment, a proverb, 
and a byword, among all peoples 
whither Jehovah shall lead thee. 
38 Much seed thou shalt take out to 
the field, but little shalt thou gather; 
for the locust shall consume it. 39 Thou 
shalt plant vineyards, and dress them, 
but shalt neither drink wine, nor gather 
grapes; for the worm shall eat them. 

40 Thou shalt have olive trees in all 
thy borders, but thou shalt not anoint 
with oil ; for thy olives shall drop off. 

41 Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, 
but thou shalt not have them ; for they 
shall go into captivity. 42 All thy trees 
and the fruit of thy ground shall the 
locust possess. 43 The sojourner that 



is in the midst of thee shali rise up 
above thee higher and higher, and 
thou shalt descend lower and lower. 
44 He shall lend to thee, and thou 
shalt not lend to him; he shall be as 
a head, and thou shalt be as a tail. 

45 And all these curses shall come 
upon thee, and pursue thee, and over- 
take thee, till thou be destroyed; be- 
cause thou didst not obey the voice 
of Jehovah thy God, to keep his com- 
mandments and his statutes which he 
commanded thee. 46 And they shall 
be in thee for a sign and for a wonder, 
and in thy seed forever; 4T because 
thou didst not serve Jehovah thy God 
with joy, and gladness of heart, on ac- 
count of the abundance of all things. 

48 And thou shalt serve thine enemies, 
whom Jehovah shall send against thee, 
in hunger, and in thirst, and in naked- 
ness, and in want of all things; and 
he shall put a yoke of iron upon thy 
neck, until he has destroyed thee. 

49 Jehovah shall bring up against thee 
a nation from afar, from the end of 
the earth, as the vulture flies, a nation 
whose tongue thou shalt not under- 
stand; 5n a nation of fierce countenance, 
who shall not revere an old man, nor 
favor a young man; 51 and he shall 
eat the fruit of thy beasts, and the 
fruit of thy ground, until thou art 
destroyed; who shall not leave thee 
grain, wine, nor oil, the offspring of 
thy cattle, nor the young of thy flock, 
until he has destroyed thee. 52 And 
he shall besiege thee in all thy gates 
until thy high and fortified walls come 
down, within which thou wast secure 
in all thy land; and he shall besiege 
thee in all gates in all thy land, which 
Jehovah thy God has given thee. 
53 And thou shalt eat the fruit of thy 
body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy 
daughters, whom Jehovah thy God 
has given thee, in the siege and in 
the distress with which thine enemies 



243 



DEUTERONOMY XXIX 



shall distress thee. 54 The man that is 
tender among you, and very delicate, 
his eye shall be evil toward his brother, 
and toward the wife of his bosom, and 
toward the rest of his children that 
he has left over, 55 so as not to give to 
one of them any of the flesh of his 
( -hildren that he shall eat, because he 
would have nothing left for himself in 
the siege and in the distress with 
which thine enemies shall distress thee 
in all thy gates. 56 The tender and 
delicate woman among you, who would 
not attempt to set the sole of her foot 
upon the ground, on account of deli- 
cateness and tenderness, her eye shall 
be evil toward the husband of her 
bosom, and toward her son, and to- 
ward her daughter, "and that be- 
cause of her afterbirth that comes 
out from between her feet, and toward 
her children that she shall bear; for 
she shall eat them secretly for want of 
all things in the siege and distress, 
with which thine enemy shall distress 
thee in thy gates. 58 If thou wilt not 
observe to do all the works of this law 
that are written in this book, that 
thou mayest fear this glorious and fear- 
ful name, Jehovah thy God; M then 
Jehovah will make thy plagues won- 
derful, and the plagues of thy seed, 
plagues great and lasting, and sick- 
nesses severe and lasting. 60 And he 
will bring upon thee all the diseases 
of Egypt, of which thou wast afraid; 
and they shall cleave to thee. 61 Also 
every sickness, and every plague that 
is not written in the book of this law, 
them will Jehovah bring upon thee, 
until thou be destroyed. M And ye 
shall be left a few men, instead of your 
being as the stars of heaven for mul- 
titude; because thou didst not obey 
the voice of Jehovah thy God. 63 And 
it shall come to pass, that as Jehovah 
rejoiced over you to do you good, 

Ver. 66. Hang, or be 



and to multiply you; so Jehovah will 
rejoice over you to cause you to perish, 
and to destroy you; and ye shall be 
plucked from upon the land whither 
thou art about to come to possess it. 
64 And Jehovah will scatter thee among 
all peoples from one end of the earth 
even to the other end of the earth; 
and there thou shalt serve other gods, 
which thou hast not known, thou, nor 
thy fathers, wood and stone. 65 And 
among these nations thou shalt find 
no ease, nor shall there be a resting 
place for the sole of thy foot; but 
Jehovah will give thee there a trem- 
bling heart, and pining of eyes, and 
languishing of soul; 66 and thy life will 
hang before thee, and thou shalt be in 
fear day and night, and shalt have no 
assurance of thy life. 67 In the morn- 
ing thou wilt say, Oh, that it were even- 
ing! and at evening thou wilt say, Oh, 
that it were morning! because of the 
fear of thy heart, which thou shalt 
fear, and because of the sight of thine 
eyes which thou shalt see. 68 And 
Jehovah will cause thee to return to 
Egypt in ships, by the way of which 
I said to thee, Thou shalt see it no 
more again; and there ye shall offer 
yourselves for sale to your enemies 
for menservants and maidservants, 
and there shall be no buyer. 

CHAPTER XXIX 

1 These are the words of the cov- 
enant that Jehovah commanded Moses 
to make with the sons of Israel in the 
land of Moab, besides the covenant 
that he made with them ill Horeb. 

2 And Moses called to all Israel, and 
said to them, Ye saw all that Jehovah 
did before your eyes in the land of 
Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his serv- 
ants, and to all his land: 3 the great 
trials that thine eyes saw, the signs, 
and those great wonders; 4 but Jeho- 






mug up in suspense. 



244 



DEUTERONOMY XXIX 



vali has not given you a heart to 
know, and eyes to see, and ears to 
hear, to this day. 5 And I caused 
you to walk forty years in the wilder- 
ness; your clothes have not worn out 
upon you, and thy sandal has not 
worn out upon thy foot. 6 Ye have 
not eaten bread, nor drunk wine or 
strong drink, in order that ye might 
know that I Jehovah am your God. 

7 And when ye came to this place, 
Sihon the king of Heshbon, and Og 
the king of Bashan, came out against 
us to the battle, and we smote them; 

8 and we took their land, and gave it 
for an inheritance to the Reubenites, 
and to the Gadites, and to the half 
tribe of Manasseh. 9 And ye shall 
keep the words of this covenant, and 
do them, in order that ye may make 
to prosper all that ye do. 

10 Ye are standing to-day all of you 
before Jehovah your God; your heads, 
your tribes, your elders, and your 
officers, all the men of Israel, H your 
little ones, your wives, and thy so- 
journer that is in the midst of thy 
camp, from the hewer of thy wood, 
to the drawer of thy water, n for the 
purpose of thy passing over into the 
covenant of Jehovah thy God, and 
into his oath, which Jehovah thy God 
is about to make with thee to-day, 
13 in order that he may establish thee 
to-day as his people, and he become 
thy God, as he promised thee, and as 
he swore to thy fathers, to Abraham, 
to Isaac and to Jacob. u And not 
with you only am I about to make 
this covenant and this oath; 15 but 
with him that is standing here with us 
to-day before Jehovah our God, and 
with him that is not here with us to- 
day; 16 for ye yourselves know how we 
dwelt in the land of Egypt, and how 
we passed through the midst of the 
nations that we passed through ; n and 
«e have seen their abominations and 



their idols, wood and stone, silver and 
gold, which were with them; 18 lest 
there be among you a man, or a 
woman, or a family, or a tribe, whose 
heart turns away to-day from Jehovah 
our God, to go to serve the gods of 
these nations ; lest there be amongst 
you a root bearing poison and worm- 
wood; 19 and it come to pass, when 
he hears the words of this oath, that 
he bless himself in his heart, saying, 
I shall have peace, when I walk in 
the firmness of my heart; in order to 
destroy the drunken with the thirsty. 
20 Jehovah will not be willing to par- 
don him; for then the anger of Jeho- 
vah and his jealousy will smoke against 
that man, and all the curse that is 
written in this book shall lie upon 
him, and Jehovah shall blot out his 
name from under the heavens; 21 and 
Jehovah shall separate him for evil 
from all the tribes of Israel, according 
to all the curses of the covenant that 
is written in this book of the law. 
22 And the following generation, your 
sons that shall rise up after you, and 
the stranger that shall come from a 
far off land, when they shall see the 
plagues of that land, and its sick- 
nesses with which Jehovah has made 
it sick : 23 the whole land of it brim- 
stone, and salt, and burning, so that 
it shall not be sown, nor cause to 
sprout up, nor any herb grow in it, 
like the overthrow of Sodom and Go- 
morrah, Admah and Zeboim, which 
Jehovah overthrew in his anger and in 
his wrath; 24 then all nations shall say, 
Wherefore has Jehovah done thus to 
this land ? What means the burning 
of this great anger? 25 And they shall 
say, Because they forsook the covenant 
of Jehovah, God of their fathers, 
which he made with them when he 
brought them out from the land of 
Egypt, 26 and went and served other 
gods, and worshiped them, gods which 



245 



DEUTERONOMY XXX 



they had not known, and which he 
had not allotted to them; 27 and the 
anger of Jehovah burned against that 
land, to bring upon it all the curse 
that is written in this book; 28 and 
Jehovah pulled them up from upon 
their ground in anger, and in hot 
displeasure, and in great wrath, and 
cast them into another land, as it is 
this day. 

29 The things that are concealed be- 
long to Jehovah our God; but the 
things that are revealed belong to us 
and to our children forever, that we 
may do all the words of this law. 

CHAPTER XXX 

*And it shall come to pass, when 
all these things shall come upon thee, 
the blessing and the curse, which I 
have set before thee, and thou take 
them to heart among all the nations 
whither Jehovah thy God shall have 
driven thee, 2 and thou return to Je- 
hovah thy God, and obey his voice 
according to all that I command thee 
to-day, thou and thy children, with 
all thy heart, and with all thy soul; 
8 that then Jehovah thy God will turn 
thy captivity, and have compassion 
upon thee, and will again gather thee 
from all the peoples whither Jehovah 
thy God shall have scattered thee. 4 If 
any of thy outcasts be at the end of 
the heavens; thence will Jehovah thy 
God gather thee, and thence will he 
fetch thee; 5 and Jehovah thy God will 
bring thee into the land which thy 
fathers possessed, and thou shalt 
possess it; and he will do thee good, 
and make thee to be more than thy 
fathers. 6 And Jehovah thy God will 
circumcise thy heart, and the heart of 
thy seed, to love Jehovah thy God 
with all thy heart, and with all thy 
soul, for the sake of thy life. 7 And 
Jehovah thy God will put all these 
upon thine enemies and upon 



them that hate thee, who have pur- 
sued thee. 8 And thou shalt again 
obey the voice of Jehovah, and do all 
his commandments which I command 
thee to-day. 9 And Jehovah thy God 
will make thee excel in wealth, in all 
the work of thy hand, in the fruit of 
thy body, and in the fruit of thy beast, 
and in the fruit of thy ground; for Je- 
hovah will again rejoice over thee for 
good, as he rejoiced over thy fathers, 
10 when thou shalt obey the voice of 
Jehovah thy God, to keep his com- 
mandments and his statutes that are 
written in this book of the law, when 
thou turn to Jehovah thy God with 
all thy heart and with all thy soul. 

11 For this commandment which 
I command thee to-day is not too 
wonderful for thee, neither is it afar 
off. 12 It is not in the heavens, that 
thou shouldest say, Who shall go up 
to the heavens for us, and fetch it to 
us, and cause us to hear it, that we 
may do it ? ls Nor is it beyond the 
sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall 
cross over to the other side of the sea 
for us, and fetch it for us, and cause 
us to hear it, that we may do it? 
u But the word is very near to thee, 
in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that 
thou mayest do it. 

15 See, I have set before thee to- 
day life and good, and death and evil; 
16 because I command thee to-day to 
love Jehovah thy God, to walk in his 
ways, and to keep his commandments 
and his statutes and his judgments, 
that thou mayest live and multiply, 
and that Jehovah thy God may bless 
thee in the land whither thou art 
about to come to possess it. " But if 
thy heart turn away, and thou wilt 
not hear, but thou be drawn away, 
and worship other gods, and serve 
them ; 18 1 declare to you to-day that 
ye shall surely perish, ye shall not 
prolong your days upon the land 



246 



DEUTERONOMY XXXI 



whither thou art about to pass over 
the Jordan to come to possess it. 19 1 
call to witness against you to-day the 
heavens and the earth that I have set 
before you the life and the death, the 
blessing and the cursing; and thou 
shalt choose the life in order that thou 
mayest live, thou and thy seed; 20 to 
love Jehovah thy God, to obey his 
voice, and to cleave to him; for this 
will be thy life, and thy length of days, 
to dwell upon the land which Jehovah 
swore to thy fathers, to Abraham, to 
Isaac and to Jacob, to give to them. 

CHAPTER XXXI 

x And Moses went and spoke all 
these words to Israel. 2 And he said 
to them, I am a hundred and twenty 
years old to-day ; I shall no longer 
be able to go out and come in ; 
and Jehovah has said to me, Thou 
shalt not pass over this Jordan. 
3 Jehovah thy God, he is going to 
pass over before thee; he will destroy 
these nations from before thee, and 
thou shalt possess them. Joshua, he 
is going to pass over before thee, as 
Jehovah has said. 4 And Jehovah 
shall do to them as he did to Sihon 
and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and j 
to their land, whom he destroyed. 
8 And Jehovah will give them up be- 
fore you, and ye shall do to them 
according to all the commandment 
that I have commanded you. 6 Be 
strong, and of good courage, do not 
be afraid, and do not be terrified on 
account of them ; for Jehovah thy 
God, he is the one that is going with 
thee; he will not let go of thee, nor 
forsake thee. 

7 And Moses called to Joshua, and 
said to him in the sight of all Israel, 
Be strong and be of good courage ; 
for thou shalt come with this people 
into the land which Jehovah has sworn 
to their fathers to give them ; and 



thou shalt cause them to inherit it. 
8 And Jehovah, he is the one that is 
going before thee ; he will be with 
thee ; he will not let go of thee, nor 
forsake thee. Thou shalt not fear, nor 
be dismayed. 

9 And Moses wrote this law, and 
delivered it to the priests the sons of 
Levi, who bore the ark of the cove- 
nant of Jehovah, and to all the elders 
of Israel. 10 And Moses commanded 
them, saying, At the end of every 
seven years, in the appointed time of 
the year of release, in the feast of 
booths, u when all Israel comes to 
appear before Jehovah thy God in 
the place which he shall choose; thou 
shalt read this law before all Israel in 
their hearing. 12 Assemble the people 
together, the men, and the women, 
and the little ones, and thy sojourner 
that is within thy gates, in order that 
they may hear, and in order that they 
may learn them, that they may fear 
Jehovah your God, and observe to do 
all the words of this law; 13 and their 
children, who have not known, shall 
hear, and learn them, that they may 
fear Jehovah your God all the days 
that ye live on the land whither ye 
are about to pass over the Jordan to 
possess it. 

"And Jehovah said to Moses, Be- 
hold, the days for thee to die are 
near ; call Joshua, and station your- 
selves in the tent of meeting, and I 
will charge him. And Moses and 
Joshua went, and stationed them- 
selves in the tent of meeting. 15 And 
Jehovah appeared in the tent in a 
pillar of cloud; and the pillar of cloud 
stood over the doorway of the tent. 

16 And Jehovah said to Moses, Be- 
hold thou art about to lie with thy 
fathers; and this people will rise up, 
and go a whoring after the gods of 
the strangers of the land, into the 
nlidst of whom they are about to 



247 



DEUTERONOMY XXXII 



come, and they will forsake me, and 
break my covenant that I have made 
with them. 17 Then my anger shall 
burn against them in that day, and I 
will forsake them, and I will hide my 
face from them ; and they shall be 
devoured, and many evils and dis- 
tresses shall befall them; and they will 
say in that day, Is it not because our 
God is not in the midst of us that 
these evils have befallen us? 18 And 
as for me, I will surely hide my face 
in that day, on account of all the evil 
that they shall have done, because 
they turned to other gods. 

19 And now write ye this song, and 
teach it to the sons of Israel; put it 
into their mouths, in order that this 
song may be a witness for me against 
the sons of Israel. 20 For when I shall 
have brought them into the land 
which I swore to their fathers, that 
flows with milk and honey, and they 
shall have eaten, and become satisfied, 
and grown fat; then they will turn to 
other gods, and serve them, and de- 
spise me, and break my covenant. 
21 And it shall come to pass, when 
many evils and distresses shall befall 
them, that this song shall answer 
against them as a witness; for it will 
not be forgotten from the mouth of 
their seed; for I know their purpose 
which they cherish to-day, before I 
bring them into the land of which I 
swore. 

"And Moses wrote this song on 
that day, and taught it to the sons of 
Israel. 

23 And he charged Joshua the son 
of Nun, and said, Be strong, and be 
of good courage; for thou shalt bring 
the sons of Israel into the land of 
which I swore to them, and I will be 
with thee. 

"And it came to pass, as Moses 
completed writing the words of this 
law upon a 



finished, 25 that Moses commanded the 
Levites, the bearers of the ark of the 
covenant of Jehovah, saying, 26 Take 
this book of the law, and place it 
beside the ark of the covenant of 
Jehovah your God, and it shall be 
there for a witness against thee. 27 For 
I know thy rebelliousness and thy 
stiff neck. Behold, while I am yet 
alive with you to-day, ye are rebellious 
against Jehovah; and how much more 
after I die ? 

m Assemble to me all the elders of 
your tribes, and your officers, that I 
may speak these words in their ears, 
and call to witness against them the 
heavens and the earth ; 29 for I know 
that after I die ye will surely become 
corrupt, and turn aside from the way 
that I have commanded you; and the 
evil will befall you in the latter days; 
when ye shall do that which is evil in 
the sight of Jehovah, to provoke him 
to anger by the work of your hands. 

30 And Moses spoke in the ears of 
all the assembly the words of this song 
until they were finished. 

CHAPTER XXXII 

1 Give ear ye heavens, and I will 
speak; 
And let the earth hearken to the words 

of my mouth. 
3 My discourse shall drop as rain, 
My speech distil as dew. 
As showers upon grass, 
And as myriad drops upon herbs. 
3 For the name of Jehovah I will pro- 
claim ; 
Ascribe ye greatness to our God. 

* The Rock, perfect is his work ; 
For all his ways are judgment ; 
A God of faithfulness, and without 

iniquity, 
Righteous and upright is he. 
His have become corrupt. 



Not his children, they are blemished; 
book, until they were | A generation perverse and deceitful. 
248 



DEUTERONOMY XXXII 



'To Jehovah will ye act thus? 

Thou people foolish and unwise. 

Is not he thy father? thy purchaser? 

He prepared thee, and established 
thee. 
7 Remember the days of old; 

Consider the years of many genera- 
tions; 

Ask thy father, and let him show thee; 

Thy elders, and let them tell thee. 

'When the Most High gave nations 
their heritage; 

When he separated the sons of man ; 

He fixed the boundaries of the peo- 
ples 

With reference to the number of the 
sons of Israel; 

9 For Jehovah's portion is his people; 

Jacob the line of his inheritance. 

10 He found him in a land of wilder- 

ness 
And in a waste, a howling wilderness; 
He protected him, cared for him, 
Guarded him as the pupil of his eye. 

11 As an eagle stirs up its nest; 
Hovers over its young; 

Spreads its wings, and catches them; 
Bears them upon its pinions. 

12 Jehovah alone led him, 

And there was no strange god with 

him. 
18 He made him ride on the heights 

of the earth; 
And he ate the increase of the field; 
And he caused him to suck honey 

from the rock, 
And oil from the flinty rock. 
" Butter of the herd, and milk of the 

flock, 
With fat of lambs, 

And rams of Bashan breed, and goats, 
With the fat of the kidneys of wheat. 
And the blood of grape thou drank- 

est for wine. 
15 And Jeshurun grew fat, and 
kicked; 
Thou hast become fat, stout, gross; 
And he rejected God who made him, 



And despised the Rock of his salvation. 
''They made him jealous through 

strange gods; 
Through abominations they provoked 

him. 
17 They sacrificed to demons [that 

were] not gods, 
Gods that they had not known, 
New ones that had just come in, 
; Whom your fathers feared not. 
1 18 The Rock that begot thee thou hast 

forsaken; 
| And forgotten the God that brought 
thee forth. 

19 And Jehovah saw it, and despised; 
| Because of the provocation of his 

sons and daughters. 

20 And he said, I will hide my face 

from them; 
I will see what their end will be. 
For a perverse generation are they, 
Sons in whom is not faithfulness. 

21 They made me jealous with no-gods; 
They provoked me with their vanities. 
And I will make them jealous with a 

no-people, 
With a foolish nation provoke them. 

22 For a fire is kindled by my anger, 
And burns to the deepest Sheol, 
And consumes the earth and its in- 
crease, 

And licks up foundations of mountains. 
- a 1 will gather evils upon them; 
Spend my arrows against them. 

24 Exhausted by famine; 

And devoured by burning pestilence 

And poisonous contagion. 

And tooth of beast I will send against 

them, 
With poison of creeping things of the 

dust. 

25 Outside, the sword shall bereave, 
And in the chambers, terror, 
Both young man and virgin. 
Suckling, with man of gray hairs. 

26 1 said, I will blow them away; 
I will make their memory to cease 
from men: 



249 



DEUTERONOMY XXXII 



• Were it not that I feared the provo- 
cation of the enemy, 

i .est their adversaries should deny, 

they should say, Our hand is 
high; 

It is not Jehovah that has done all 
this. 

w For a nation forsaken of counsel 
are they; 

And there is no understanding in 
them. 
29 Oh, that they were wise ! 

That they might consider this ! 

That they might discern their end ! 

30 How one would pursue a thousand, 
And two make myriads flee; 

If it were not that their Rock had 

sold them, 
And that Jehovah had delivered them 

up. 

31 For their rock is not like our Rock, 
Even our enemies being judges. 

52 For their vine is the vine of Sodom, 

And of the fields of Gomorrah; 

Their grapes the grapes of poison; 

Bitter clusters theirs. 

33 Their vine is the venom of serpents 

And the deadly poison of asps. 

. 34 Is not this laid up with me ? 

Sealed up with my treasures ? 

35 1 have vengeance and recompense 

For the time their foot shall be moved; 

For near is the day of their calamity, 

And things prepared for them hasten. 

10 For Jehovah will contend for his 
people, 

And have compassion upon his serv- 
ants, 

When he shall see that power is gone, 

And ceased both restrained and free. 

31 And he shall say, Where are their 
gods? 

The rock in which they took refuge ? 

w That ate the fat of their sacrifices, 

DranK the wine of their libations. 

Let them rise up, and help you; 

l>et them be over you a protection. 
M See, now, that I, I am he, 



And there is no god with me. 
I kill, and I save alive, 
I smite through, and I heal; 
And none delivers from my hand. 

40 For I lift my hand to the heavens, 
And say, As I live forever, 

41 If I whet my flashing sword, 

And my hand lays hold of judgment; 

I will render vengeance to my adver- 
saries, 

And recompense my enemies. 

42 1 will make my arrows drunk with 
blood, 

And my sword shall consume flesh, 

With the blood of slain and captive, 

With the chief of the enemy's princes. 

43 Sing aloud, O ye nations, with his 

people; 

For he avenges the blood of his serv- 
ants, 

And renders vengeance to his adver- 
saries, 

And expiates his land, his people. 

44 And Moses came and spoke all 
the words of this song in the ears of 
the people, he and Hoshea the son of 
Nun. 45 And Moses finished speak- 
ing all these words to all Israel; 4ti and 
he said to them, Set your hearts to all 
the words that I testify against you to- 
day, with which ye shall charge your 
children, to observe to do all the 
words of this law. 47 For it is not too 
vain a thing for you ; because it is 
your life; and by this thing ye shall 
prolong your days on the land whither 
ye are going* to pass over the Jordan 
to possess it. 

48 And Jehovah spoke to Moses that 
selfsame day, saying, 49 Get thee up 
into this mountain of Abarim, mount 
Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, 
which is over against Jericho ; and 
see the land of Canaan, which I am 
going to give to the sons of Israel for 
a possession; 
whither thou 
ered to thy people ; as Aaron thy 

5o 



50 and die in the mount 
goest up, and be gath- 
as 






DEUTERONOMY XXXIII 



brother died in mount Hor, and was 
gathered to his people; 51 because ye 
dealt faithlessly with me in the midst 
of the sons of Israel by the waters of 
strife of Kadesh, in the wilderness of 
Zin; because ye did not sanctify me 
in the midst of the sons of Israel. 52 For 
thou shalt see the land from over 
against it, but thither thou shalt not 
come, into the land that I am going 
to give to the sons of Israel. 

CHAPTER XXXIII 

1 And this is the blessing with which 
Moses the man of God blessed the sons 
of Israel before he died. '■'And he said, 
Jehovah came from Sinai, 
And rose up from Seir to them; 
He shined forth from Paran, 
And came from holy myriads; 
From his right hand fiery arrows for 

them. 
'Yea, lover of peoples; 
All their holy ones in thy hand; 
And they recline at thy feet; 
Every one shall receive thy words. 
* With a law Moses charged us, 
A possession for the assembly of Jacob. 
5 And he was in Jeshurun king, 
When he gathered the heads of the 

people, 
Together the tribes of Israel. 

6 Let Reuben live, and let him not 

die, 
And his men be few. 

7 And this of Judah: and he said, 
Hear, O Jehovah, the voice of Judah, 
And to his people bring him; 

His hands strive for him, 
And help from his adversaries thou 
wilt be. 

8 And of Levi he said, 

Thy Thummim and thy Urim is thy 

godly man's, 
Whom thou didst try at Massah, 
With whom thou didst strive at the 

waters of Meribah ; 



9 Who said of his father and mother, 

I see them not; 
And his brothers he recognized not; 
And his sons he knew not; 
For they kept thy word, 
And thy covenant they guarded. 

10 They shall teach thy judgments to 

Jacob; 
And thy law to Israel; 
They shall put incense in thy nostrils, 
And whole burnt offerings upon thine 

altar. 

11 Bless, O Jehovah his strength, 
And accept the work of his hands. 
Smite through the loins of his opposers, 
And his enemies, that they rise not. 

12 And of Benjamin he said, 

The beloved of Jehovah shall dwell 

securely by him; 
He covering him continually; 
And between his shoulders he dwells. 

13 And of Joseph he said, 
Blessed by Jehovah be his land, 
From the precious things of the heav- 
ens, from the dew, 

And from the deep lying beneath ; 

14 And from the precious things of the 

sun's increase; 
And from the precious things of the 
moon's growth; 

15 And from the height of the eternal 

mountains; 
And from the precious things of the 
everlasting hills; 

16 And from the precious things of the 

earth and its fulness; 
And the pleasure of him that dwelt at 

the bush; 
Let it come upon the head of Joseph, 
And upon the crown of him that was 

torn from his brothers. 

17 The firstborn of his ox is his majesty; 
And horns of the wild ox are his horns; 
With them he thrusts peoples, 
Together the ends of the earth. 
Even they are the myriads of Eph- 



Ver. 16. Torn from, or prince of; Heta., separated. 



DEUTERONOMY XXXIV 



And they the thousands of Manasseh. 
18 And of Zebulun he said, 

Rejoice O Zebulun, when thou goest 
forth; 

And Issachar in thy tents. 

19 Peoples to the mount will summon 
thee; 

There will they offer righteous sacri- 
fices; 

For the floods of the seas they will suck, 

And the hid treasures of the sand. 
20 And of Gad he said, 

Blessed be he that enlarges Gad. 

As a lion he lies; 

And has torn the arm, with the crown 
of the head. 

11 And he saw his first; 

For there was concealed the leader's 
portion ; 

And he came to the heads of the 
people; 

Jehovah's righteousness he executed; 

And his judgments with Israel. 

22 And of Dan he said, 
Dan is a lion's whelp, 

Which springs forth from Bashan. 

23 And of Naphtali he said, 
Naphtali, satiety of pleasure ! 

And full of the blessing of Jehovah, 
Sea and south a possession. 

24 And of Asher he said, 
Blessed above sons be Asher : 

Let him be the favored of his brothers, 
While dipping in oil his foot. 
25 Iron and bronze thy castle, 
And as long as thy days thy rest. 
26 There is none like the God of 
Jeshurun, 
Who ridest upon the heavens in thy 

strength, 
And in his majesty upon the clouds. 
27 In his dwelling place is the Eternal 

God, 
And beneath the everlasting arms. 
And he drives from before thee the 

enemy; 



And says, Destroy. 

2b And Israel dwelt securely, 
The fountain of Jacob alone; 
In a land of grain and wine, 
Yea, his heavens drop down dew. 

29 Happy thou, O Israel ! who is like 
thee ? 

A people saved by Jehovah, 

The shield of thy help, 

And who is the sword of thy exalta- 
tion. 

Thy enemies will deny themselves to 
thee, 

But thou upon his height shalt tread. 

CHAPTER XXXIV 

*And Moses went up from the 
plains of Moab to mount Nebo, to 
the top of Pisgah, which is over 
against Jericho; and Jehovah showed 
him all the land : Gilead as far as 
Dan, 2 and all Naphtali, and the land 
of Ephraim and Manasseh, and all 
the land of Judah, to the hinder sea, 
3 and the South, arid the plain, the 
valley of Jericho, the city of palm 
trees, as far as Zoar. 4 And Jehovah 
said to him, This is the land of which 
I swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to 
Jacob, saying, I will give it to thy 
seed ; I have caused thee to see it 
with thine eyes, but thou shalt not 
pass over thither. 

5 And Moses the servant of Jehovah 
died there in the land of Moab, ac- 
cording to the word of Jehovah. 
6 And they buried him in a valley in 
the land of Moab, over against Beth- 
peor; but no man knows of his sep- 
ulchre to this day. 

7 And Moses was a hundred and 
twenty years old when he died; his 
eye was not dim, nor had his vigor 
departed. 8 And the sons of Israel 
wept for Moses in the plains of Moab 



V«r. 2i. His first, or his choice. Ver. 25. Bronze, or copper. 

Ver. 6. They buried, or one buried, or he buried. 



252 



JOSHUA I 



thirty days; so they fulfilled the days 
of weeping in the mourning for Moses. 

9 And Joshua the son of Nun was full 
of a spirit of wisdom; for Moses had 
leaned his hands upon him; and the 
sons of Israel hearkened to him, and 
did as Jehovah had commanded Moses. 

10 And there has not risen another 
prophet in Israel like Moses, whom 



Jehovah knew face to face, n in re- 
spect to all the signs and the wonders 
that Jehovah sent him to do in the 
land of Egypt, to Pharaoh, and to all 
his servants, and to all his land, 1J and 
in respect to all the mighty hand, and 
in respect to all the great terribleness 
which Moses did in the sight of all 
Israel. 



JOSHUA 



CHAPTER I 

1 And it came to pass, after the death 
of Moses the servant of Jehovah, that 
Jehovah spoke to Joshua the son of 
Nun, Moses' minister, saying, 2 Moses 
my servant is dead. And now arise, 
pass over this Jordan, thou and all this 
people, to the land which I give to 
them, to the children of Israel. :! Every 
place that the sole of your foot shall 
tread upon have I given to you, as I 
said to Moses. 4 From the wilderness j 
and this Lebanon, and to the great ! 
river, the river Euphrates, all the land | 
of the Hittites, and to the great sea 
at the going down of the sun, shall be 
your border. 5 No man shall be able 
to stand before thee all the days of thy 
life. As I was with Moses, so will I 
be with thee. I will not fail thee, nor 
forsake thee. 6 Be strong and of good 
courage. For thou shalt cause this 
people to possess the land, which I 
have sworn to their fathers to give 
them. 7 Only be thou strong and very 
courageous ; take heed to do accord- 
ing to all the law which Moses my 
servant commanded thee. Turn not 
from it right or left, that thou mayest 



prosper whithersoever thou goest. 
8 This book of the law shall not depart 
out of thy mouth ; and thou shalt 
meditate thereon day and night, that 
thou mayest take heed to do accord- 
ing to all that is written therein ; for 
then thou shalt make thy way pros- 
perous, and then thou shalt have good 
success. 9 Have not I commanded 
thee ? Be strong and of good courage ; 
be not afraid, nor be thou faint- 
hearted; for Jehovah thy God is with 
thee whithersoever thou goest. 

10 Then Joshua commanded the 
officers of the people, saying, n Pass 
through the midst of the camp, and 
command the people, saying, Prepare 
provision for you ; for within three 
days ye shall pass over this Jordan, to 
go in to possess the land, which Jeho- 
vah your God gives you to possess. 

12 And to the Reubenites, and to 
the Gadites, and to the half tribe of 
Manasseh, spoke Joshua, saying, 1S Re- 
member the word that Moses the serv- 
ant of Jehovdi commanded you, say- 
ing, Jehovah your God gives you rest, 
and has given to you this land. u Your 
wives, your little ones, and your herds 
shall remain in the land that Moses 



Chap, i to 12. Conquest of Canaan. 

-53 



JOSHUA II 



them, 
up to 
them 



gave you beyond the Jordan. But ye 
shall pass over armed before your 
brethren, all the strong men of war, 
and help them; 15 until Jehovah shall 
give rest to your brethren, as to you, 
and they also shall possess the land 
that Jehovah your God gives to them. 
And ye shall return to the land of your 
possession, and shall possess it, which 
Moses Jehovah's servant gave you 
beyond the Jordan toward the sun- 
rising. 

16 And they answered Joshua, say- 
ing, All that thou hast commanded us 
we will do, and whithersoever thou 
shalt send us we will go. " As in all 
things we hearkened to Moses, so will 
we hearken to thee. Only let Jeho- 
vah thy God be with thee, as he was 
with Moses. 18 Whosoever shall rebel 
against thy commandment, and will 
not hearken to thy words in all that 
thou commandest him, he shall be put 
to death. Only be strong and of good 
courage. 

CHAPTER II 

1 And Joshua the son of Nun sent 
from Shittim two men to spy secretly, 
saying, Go view the land, and Jericho. 
And they went; and they came into 
the house of a harlot, and her name 
was Rahab; and they lodged there. 
2 And it was told the king of Jericho, 
saying, Behold, men came in hither 
to-night of the children of Israel to 
search out the land. s And the king 
of Jericho sent to Rahab, saying, 
Bring forth the men that are come to 
thee, who entered into thy house; for 
they are come to search out all the 
land. * And the woman took the two 
men, and hid them; and she said, 
Yea, the men came to me, and I knew 
not whence they were. 5 And the gate 
was about to be shut when it was dark, 

. Y m - - 1 *' '5- '*«yond the Jordan, the other side of it. may mean eith* 

BMition, Deut. 3 : 35, or the east as in Jndg. 5 : 17 ; in both these cases m< 
ut it may mean the side occupied by the speaker, as in Josh. 1 : 14, 1 

254 



and the men went out. 

men went I know not. 

them quickly; for ye 

6 Now she had 



Whither the 

Pursue after 

will overtake 

brought them 



the roof of the house, and hid 
in the stalks of flax, which she 
had laid in order upon the roof. 7 And 
the men pursued after them on the 
way to the Jordan by the fords. And 
when those who pursued after them 
were gone out, they shut the gate. 

8 And they had not yet lain down; 
and she came up to them upon the 
roof. (J And she said to the men, I 
know that Jehovah has given you the 
land, and that the dread of you is 
fallen upon us, and that all the inhabi- 
tants of the land faint because of you. 
10 For we have heard how Jehovah 
dried up the waters of the Red Sea 
before you, when ye came out of 
Egypt; and what ye did to the two 
kings of the Amorites that were be- 
yond the Jordan, to Sihon and to Og, 
whom ye utterly destroyed. H And 
when we heard it, our hearts did melt, 
and there remained no more spirit in 
any man, because of you; for Jehovah 
your God, he is God in the heavens 
above, and on the earth beneath. 
12 And now, I pray you, swear to me 
by Jehovah, since 1 have dealt kindly 
with you, that ye will also deal kindly 
with my father's house, and give me 
a true token ; 13 and save alive my 
father, and my mother, and my broth- 
ers, and my sisters, and all that they 
have, and deliver our souls from death. 
u And the men said to her. Our life 
for yours, if ye betray not this our 
business. And it shall be, when Jeho- 
vah gives us the land, that we will deal 
kindly and truly with thee. 15 And 
she let them down by the cord through 
the window. For her house was in a 
recess on the town wall, and she dwelt 

ther side : namely, the west as in Moses' 
meaning the side opposite to the speaker 
5- 



JOSHUA III 



upon the wall. 16 And she said to 
them, Get you to the mountain, lest 
the pursuers meet you. And hide 
yourselves there three days, until the 
pursuers return; and afterward may 
ye go your way. " And the men said 
to her, We are free from this thine 
oath which thou hast made us swear. 
18 Behold, when we come into the 
land, thou shalt bind this line of scarlet 
thread in the window by which thou 
didst let us down; and thy father, and 
thy mother, and thy brothers, and all 
thy father's household, thou shalt 
gather to thee into the house. 19 And 
it shall be, that whosoever shall go 
forth out of the doors of thy house 
into the street, his blood be upon his 
head, and we guiltless. And whoso- 
ever shall be with thee in the house, 
his blood be on our head, if any hand 
shall be upon him. 20 And if thou be- 
tray this our business, then we are free 
from thine oath which thou hast made 
us swear. 21 And she said, According 
to your words, so be it. And she sent 
them away, and they departed. And 
she bound the scarlet line in the win- 
dow. 22 And they went, and came to 
the mountain, and abode there three 
days, until the pursuers returned. And 
the pursuers sought in all the way, but 
found them not. 

23 And the two men returned, and 
came down from the mountain, and 
passed over, and came to Joshua the 
son of Nun, and told him all that be- 
fell them. 2i And they said to Joshua, 
Jehovah has given the whole land into 
our hands; yea, and all the inhabi- 
tants of the land do faint because of us. 

CHAPTER III 

1 And Joshua rose early in the morn- 
ing; and they removed from Shittim, 
and came to the Jordan, he and all 
the children of Israel, and lodged there 
before they passed over. 2 And it 



came to pass after three days, that the 
officers passed through the midst of 
the camp; 3 and they commanded the 
people, saying, When ye see the ark 
of the covenant of Jehovah your God, 
| and the priests the Levites bearing it, 
then ye shall remove from your place, 
j and go after it. 4 Yet there shall be a 
space between you and it, about two 
thousand cubits by measure. Come 
not near to it, that ye may know the 
way by which ye must go; for ye have 
not passed this way heretofore. 5 And 
Joshua said to the people, Sanctify 
yourselves; for to-morrow Jehovah 
will do wonders among you. e And 
Joshua spoke to the priests, saying, 
Take up the ark of the covenant, and 
pass over before the people. And 
they took up the ark of the covenant, 
and went before the people. 

7 And Jehovah said to Joshua, This 
day will I begin to magnify thee in 
the sight of all Israel; that they may 
know that as I was with Moses, so I 
will be with thee. 8 And thou shalt 
command the priests that bear the 
ark of the covenant, saying, When ye 
are come to the brink of the water of 
the Jordan, ye shall stand still in the 
Jordan. 

9 And Joshua said to the children of 
Israel, Come hither, and hear the 
words of Jehovah your God. J0 And 
Joshua said, Hereby shall ye know 
that a living God is among you, and 
that he will certainly drive out from 
before you the Canaanites, and the 
Hittites, and the Hivites, and the 
Perizzites, and the Girgashites, and 
the Amorites, and the Jebusites. n Be- 
hold, the ark of the covenant, the 
Lord of all the earth passes over be- 
fore you in the Jordan. 12 And now 
take for you twelve men out of the 
tribes of Israel, a man for each tribe. 
13 And it shall be, as soon as the soles 
of the feet of the priests that bear the 



255 



JOSHUA IV 



ark of Jehovah, the Lord of all the hovah your God into the midst of the 



earth, shall rest in the waters of the 

Jordan, that the waters of the Jordan 

shall be cut off, the waters coming 

down from above, and they shall I of Israel. 

stand in one heap. among you 



Jordan, and take up each one a stone 

upon his shoulder, according to the 

number of the tribes of the children 

That this may be a sign 

When your children shall 



"And it came to pass, when the ask in time to come, saying, What are 
people removed from their tents, to these stones to you ? 7 Then shall ye 
pass over the Jordan, and the priests j say to them, that the waters of the 
bearing the ark of the covenant be- | Jordan were cut off before the ark of 



fore the people; 15 and as they that 
bore the ark were come to the Jordan, 
and the feet of the priests bearing the 
ark were dipped in the brim of the 
water, (for the Jordan is full over all 
its banks all the time of harvest,) 
16 that the waters coming down from 
above stood still; they rose up in one 
heap very far away by Adam, the city 
that is beside Zaretan; and those com- 
ing down toward the sea of the plain, 
the salt sea, were wholly cut off. And 
the people passed over right against 
Jericho. 17 And the priests bearing the 
ark of the covenant of Jehovah stood 
firm on dry ground in the midst of the 
Jordan. And all Israel passed over 
on dry ground, until all the nation 
had quite passed over the Jordan. 

CHAPTER IV 

\And it came to pass, when all the 
nation had quite passed over the Jor- 
dan, that Jehovah spoke to Joshua, 
saying, 2 Take for you twelve men out 
of the people, out of every tribe a 
man. 3 And command ye them, say- 
ing, Take for you hence out of the 
midst of the Jordan, out of the place 
where the priests' feet stood firm, 
twelve stones, and bring them over 
with you, and lay them down in the 
lodging place, where ye shall lodge 
this night. 4 And Joshua called the 
twelve men, whom he had appointed 
of the children of Israel, out of every 
tribe a man. 5 And Joshua said to 
them, Pass over before the ark of Je- 



the covenant of Jehovah; when it 
passed through the Jordan, the waters 
of the Jordan were cut off. And these 
stones shall be for a memorial to the 
children of Israel forever. 8 And the 
children of Israel did so as Joshua 
commanded. And they took up twelve 
stones out of the midst of the Jordan, 
as Jehovah spoke to Joshua, accord- 
ing to the number of the tribes of the 
children of Israel, and brought them 
over with them to the lodging place, 
and laid them down there. 9 And 
Joshua set up twelve stones in the 
midst of the Jordan, in the place where 
the feet of the priests bearing the ark 
of the covenant stood; and they are 
there to this day. 

10 And the priests bearing the ark 
stood in the midst of the Jordan, until 
every thing was finished that Jehovah 
commanded Joshua to speak to the 
people, according to all that Moses 
commanded Joshua; and the people 
hasted and passed over. "And it came 
to pass, when all the people had quite 
passed over, that the ark of Jehovah 
passed over, and the priests before the 
people. 12 And the children of Reu- 
ben, and the children of Gad, and the 
half tribe of Manasseh, passed over 
armed before the children of Israel, as 
Moses spoke to them. 13 About forty 
thousand prepared fof war passed over 
before Jehovah for battle, to the plains 
of Jericho. 

14 On that day Jehovah magnified 
Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and 



256 



JOSHUA V 



feared 
15 And 



over, that their heart melted, neither 
was their spirit in them any more, 
before the children of Israel. 

2 At that time Jehovah said to Joshua, 



they feared him, as they had 
Moses, all the days of his life. 
Jehovah spoke to Joshua, saying, 
16 Command the priests bearing the 
ark of the testimony, that they come | Make thee sharp knives, and circum- 
up out of the Jordan. 17 And Joshua i cise again the children of Israel the 
commanded the priests, saying, Come | second time. 3 And Joshua made him 
up out of the Jordan. 18 And it came | sharp knives, and circumcised the chil- 
to pass, when the priests bearing the j dren of Israel at the hill of the fore- 
ark of the covenant of Jehovah were skins, *And this is the cause why 
come up out of the midst of the Jor- Joshua did circumcise. All the peo- 
dan, and the soles of the priests' feet pie that came out of Egypt, the males, 
were lifted up to the dry land, that 
the waters of the Jordan returned to 
their place, and flowed over all its 
banks, as before. 

19 And the people came up out of 
the Jordan on the tenth of the first 
month, and encamped in Gilgal, on 
the eastern border of Jericho. 20 And 
those twelve stones, which they took 
out of the Jordan, did Joshua set up 
in Gilgal. 21 And he spoke to the chil- 



all the men of war, died in the wilder- 
ness, by the way, when they came out 
of Egypt. 5 For all the people that 
came out were circumcised ; but all 
the people that were born in the wil- 
derness, by the way, when they came 
forth out of Egypt, were not circum- 
cised. 6 For the children of Israel 
went forty years in the wilderness, till 
all the nation, the men of war, who 
came out of Egypt, were consumed. 



dren of Israel, saying, When your S because they obeyed not the voice of 



children shall ask their fathers in time 
to come, saying, What are these stones ? 
82 Then ye shall let your children know, 
saying, Israel passed over this Jordan 
on dry land. "Because Jehovah your 
God dried up the waters of the Jordan 
before you, until ye had passed over; 
as Jehovah your God did to the Red 
Sea, which he dried up before us. until 
we had passed over; 2t that all the peo- 
ples of the earth may know the hand of 
Jehovah, that it is strong; that ye may 
fear Jehovah your God forever. 

CHAPTER V 

*And it came to pass, when all the 
kings of the Amorites that were be- 
yond the Jordan westward, and all the 
kings of the Canaanites. that were by 
the sea, heard how Jehovah had dried 
up the waters of the Jordan before the 
children of Israel, until we had passed 

Ver. 16. Or, ark of the law. 



Jehovah; to whom Jehovah swore that 
he would not show them the land that 
Jehovah had sworn to their fathers to 
give us, a land flowing with milk and 
honey. 7 And their children he raised 
up in their stead. Them Joshua cir- 
cumcised ; for they were uncircum- 
cised, because they did not circumcise 
them by the way. 8 And it came to 
pass when all the nation had done cir- 
cumcising, that they abode in their 
places in the camp till they were whole. 
9 And Jehovah said to Joshua, This 
day have I rolled off the reproach of 
Egypt from you. And the name of 
the place is called Gilgal to this dav. 

,0 And the children of Israel en- 
camped in Gilgal ; and they kept the 
passover on the fourteenth day of the 
month at evening in the plains of 
Jericho. n And they ate of the pro- 
duce of the land on the morrow after 



Ver. 2. Or, knives of stone. 
Ver. 4. When they came out of Egypt, extending to their entrance into Canaai 
Ver. 9. Gilgal, a rolling away. 

257 



JOSHUA VI 



the passover, unleavened cakes, and 
parched grain, on that very day. 

12 And the manna ceased from the 
morrow after they had eaten of the 
produce of the land j nor had the chil- 
dren of Israel manna any more, and 
they ate of the fruit of the land of 
Canaan that year. 

"And it came to pass when Joshua 
was by Jericho, that he lifted up his 
eyes and looked, and behold, there 
stood a man over against him with his 
sword drawn in his hand. And Joshua 
went to him, and said to him, Art 
thou for us, or for our adversaries? 
"And he said, Nay; for as prince of 
Jehovah's host am I now come. And 
Joshua fell upon his face to the earth 
and worshiped, and said to him, What 
says my lord to his servant? 15 And 
the prince of Jehovah's host said to 
Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy 
foot; for the place whereon thou stand- 
est is holy. And Joshua did so. 

CHAPTER VI 

1 Now Jericho shut the gates, and 
was fast shut up against the children of 
Israel, none went out, and none came 
in. 2 And Jehovah said to Joshua, 
See, I have given into thy hand Jeri- 
cho, and her king, and the strong men 
of war. 3 And ye shall encompass the 
city, all the men of war, round about 
the city once. Thus shalt thou do six 
days. * And seven priests shall bear 
before the ark seven jubilee trumpets; 
and the seventh day ye shall encompass 
the city seven times, and the priests 
shall blow with the trumpets. 5 And 
it shall come to pass, that when they 
make a long blast with the jubilee horn, 
when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, 
all the people shall shout with a great 
shout; and the wall of the city shall fall 
down flat, and the people shall go up 
every man straight before him. 

Ver. 4. Jubilee trumpet ; so called from its proclaiming the year of jubilee (Lev. 25: 9, io), or, alarm trumpet 



6 And Joshua the son of Nun called 
the priests, and said to them, Take 
up the ark of the covenant; and let 
seven priests bear seven jubilee trump- 
ets before the ark of Jehovah. 7 And 
they said to the people, Pass on, and 
encompass the city, and let him that 
is armed pass on before the ark of 
Jehovah. 

8 And it came to pass, when Joshua 
had spoken to the people, that the 
seven priests bearing the seven jubilee 
trumpets passed on before Jehovah, 
and blew with the trumpets; and the 
ark of the covenant of Jehovah fol- 
lowed them. 9 And the armed men 
went before the priests that blew the 
trumpets, and the rearward went after 
the ark, continually blowing with the 
trumpets. 10 And Joshua had com- 
manded the people, saying, Ye shall 
not shout, nor make your voice heard, 
nor shall any word proceed out of your 
mouth, until the day I say to you 
shout; then shall ye shout. n So the 
ark of Jehovah encompassed the city 
round about it once ; and they came 
into the camp, and lodged in the 
camp. 

12 And Joshua rose early in the 
morning, and the priests took up the 
ark of Jehovah. 13 And the seven 
priests bearing the seven , jubilee 
trumpets before the ark of Jehovah 
went on blowing continually with the 
trumpets, and the armed men went 
before them. The rearward came 
after the ark of Jehovah, continually 
blowing with the trumpets. 14 And 
the second day they encompassed the 
city once, and returned to the camp. 
So did they six days. 

15 And it came to pass on the sev- 
enth day, that they rose early at the 
dawning of the day, and encompassed 
the city in this manner seven times; 
only on that day they encompassed 



«8 



JOSHUA VII 



they brought out all her kindred, and 
placed them outside the camp of 
Israel. "And they burned the city 
with fire and all that was therein. 
Only the silver, and the gold, and the 
vessels of bronze and of iron, they put 
into the treasury of the house of Jeho- 
vah. 25 And Joshua saved Rahab the 
harlot alive, and her father's house, 
and all that she had; and she dwelt 
in Israel to this day; because she hid 
the messengers, whom Joshua sent to 
spy out Jericho. 

26 And Joshua adjured them at that 
time, saying, Cursed be the man be- 
fore Jehovah that shall rise up and 
build this city Jericho. With his first- 
born he shall lay the foundation 
thereof, and with his youngest born 
shall he set up the gates thereof. 
27 So Jehovah was with Joshua; and 
his fame was in all the land. 

CHAPTER VII 

1 And the children of Israel com- 
mitted a trespass in the devoted thing. 
For Achan, the son of Carmi, the son 
of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the 
tribe of Judah, took of the devoted 
thing ; and the anger of Jehovah was 
kindled against the children of Israel. 

2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho 
to Ai, which is beside Beth-aven, on 
the east side of Beth-el, and said to 
tli em, Go up and spy out the land. 
And the men went up and spied out 
Ai. 3 And they returned to Joshua, 
and said to him, Let not all the people 
go up. Let about two or three thou- 

Ver. 17. Accursed, or devoted; namely, to Jehovah. For the law respecting a "devoted thing," see 
Lev. 27 : 29, " shall surely be put to death." Hence, in accordance with that law, it is here said (ver. 21), 
"they utterly destroyed." 

The application of this law in all its rigor, here and in the following chapters, was a necessity. It was 
inseparable from the divine plan for perpetuating the knowledge of the true God, and all its beneficent 
influences on the destinies of the race. He had committed this trust to a people peculiarly susceptible, 
and for that reason the better adapted to his purpose ; and with what ultimate results to the human race 
we see around us in every Christian land. But this peculiar susceptibility rap.de it the more needful to 
remove all the contaminating influences of idolatry. Nothing short of extermination would do this. Had 
ii been effected by a flood as of old, or by earthquakes or volcanic fires, the divine justice would not have 
been questioned. In employing the agency of his people he impressed on them, and on the generations 
following, the magnitude .of the evils they were commanded to extirpate. 

Ver. 26. With his firstborn, as the price of his sacrilegious undertaking. With the death of his firstborn 
he should pay the penalty of its beginning, and with that of his youngest born the penalty of its completion. 

259 



the city seven times. 16 And it came 
to pass at the seventh time, when the 
priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua 
said to the people, Shout; for Jehovah 
has given you the city. n And the 
city shall be devoted, it and all that 
are, therein, to Jehovah. Only Rahab 
the harlot shall live, she and all that 
are with her in the house, because 
she hid the messengers that we sent. 
18 Only do ye beware of the devoted 
thing, lest ye make devoted and take 
of the devoted thing, and make the 
camp of Israel devoted, and bring evil 
upon it. 19 And all the silver, and 
gold, and vessels of bronze and iron, 
are consecrated to Jehovah; they shall 
come into Jehovah's treasury. 20 So 
the people shouted, and they blew 
with the trumpets. And it came to 
pass, when the people heard the sound 
of the trumpet, and the people shouted 
with a great shout, that the wall fell 
down flat, so that the people went up 
into the city, every man straight be- 
fore him ; and they took the city. 
f And they utterly destroyed all that 
was in the city, both man and woman, 
young and old, and ox, and sheep, 
and ass, with the edge of the sword. 

22 And Joshua had said to the two 
men that spied out the land, Go into 
the house of the harlot, and bring out 
thence the woman and all that she 
has, as ye have sworn to her. w And 
the young men that were spies came, 
and brought out Rahab, and her 
father, and her mother, and her 
brothers, and all that she had: and 



JOSHUA VII 



sand men go up and smite Ai. Make j 
not all the people labor thither; for 
they are but few. * And there went 
up thither of the people about three 
thousand men. And they fled before 
the men of Ai. 5 And the men of Ai 
smote of them about thirty-six men. 
And they chased them before the gate 
to the stone-pits, and smote them at 
the steep descent. Wherefore the 
hearts of the people melted, and be- 
came water. 

c And Joshua rent his clothes, and 
fell upon his face to the earth before 
the ark of Jehovah until the evening, 
he and the elders of Israel, and cast 
dust above their heads. 7 And Joshua 
said, Alas, O Lord Jehovah, where- 
fore hast thou at all brought this peo- 
ple over the Jordan, to deliver us into 
the hand of the Amorites, to destroy 
us? Would we had been content, 
and dwelt beyond the Jordan ! 8 1 
beseech thee, Lord, what shall I say, 
after Israel has turned their backs be- 
fore their enemies ! 9 And the Ca- 
naanites and all the inhabitants of the 
land will hear, and they will environ 
us round, and cut off our name from 
the earth. And what wilt thou do to 
thy great name? 

10 And Jehovah said to Joshua, Get 
thee up; wherefore art thou fallen thus 
upon thy face? "Israel has sinned; 
and they have also transgressed my 
covenant that I commanded them ; 
and have even taken of the devoted 
thing, and have also stolen, and dis- 
sembled also, and they have put it 
even among their own effects. 12 And 
the children of Israel could not stand 
before their enemies ; they will turn 
their backs before their enemies, for 
they are devoted. I will no more 
be with you, except ye destroy the 
devoted thing from among you. 



1:1 Stand up, sanctify the people, and 
say, Sanctify yourselves for the mor- 
row. For thus says Jehovah God of 
Israel, A devoted thing is in the midst 
of thee, O Israel. Thou canst not 
stand before thine enemies, until ye 
put away the devoted thing from 
among you. " In the morning "ye 
shall be brought according to your 
tribes. And it shall be. that the tribe 
which Jehovah shall take shall come 
by families; and the family which Je- 
hovah shall take shall come by house- 
holds; and the household which Je- 
hovah shall take shall come man by 
man. 15 And it shall be, that he that 
is taken with the devoted thing shall 
be burned with fire, he and all that. 
are his, because he has transgressed 
the covenant of Jehovah, and because 
he has wrought folly in Israel. 

16 And Joshua rose up early in the 
morning, and brought Israel by their 
tribes; and the tribe of Judah was 
taken. n And he brought the family 
of Judah; and he took the family of 
the Zarhites; and he brought the 
family of the Zarhites man by man; 
and Zabdi was taken. 18 And he 
brought his household man by man; II 
and Achan, the son of Carmi, the: 
son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of 
the tribe of Judah, was taken. 

19 And Joshua said to Achan, My 
son, give, I pray thee, honor to Jeho- 
vah, God of Israel, and make con- 
fession to him; and tell me now whati 
thou hast done; hide it not from me. 
20 And Achan answered Joshua, and 
said, Truly, I have sinned against Je-, 
hovah God of Israel, and thus and 
thus have I done. 21 1 saw among 
the spoils a goodly Shinar garment, 
and two hundred shekels of silver,! 
and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels; 
weight, and I coveted them, and took; 



Ver. 5. Stone-pits, or shebarim. Descent, into the valley (8 : 11). 
Ver. 17. Family of Judah ; family used laxly for tribe. 

260 



JOSHUA VIII 



them; and, behold, they are hid in 
the earth in the midst of my tent, 
and the silver under it. 

22 And Joshua sent messengers, and 
they ran to the tent; and, behold, it 
was hid in his tent, and the silver 
under it. 23 And they took them from 
the midst of the tent, and brought 
them to Joshua, and to all the chil- 
dren of Israel, and laid them out be- 
fore Jehovah. 2 *And Joshua took 
Achan the son of Zerah, and the sil- 
ver, and the garment, and the wedge 
of gold, and his sons, and his daugh- 
ters, and his oxen, and his asses, and 
his sheep, and his tent, and all that 
was his, and all Israel with him; and 
they brought them to the valley of 
Achor. 25 And Joshua said, Why hast 
thou troubled us? Jehovah trouble 
thee this day ! And all Israel stoned 
him with stones. And they burned 
them with fire, after they had stoned 
them with stones. 26 And they raised 
over him a great heap of stones, to 
this day. So Jehovah turned from 
the fierceness of his anger. Where- 
fore the name of that place was called 
Valley of Achor, to this day. 

CHAPTER VIII 

*And Jehovah said to Joshua, Fear 
not, nor be thou faint-hearted. Take 
all 



away by night. * And he commanded 
them, saying, Behold, ye are to lie in 
ambush against the city, behind the 
city ; go not very far from the city, 
and be ye all ready. 5 And I, and 
all the people that are with me, 
will approach to the city. And it 
shall be, when they come out against 
us, as at the first, that we will flee 
before them. *And they will come 
out after us, till we have drawn 
them from the city. For they will 
say, They flee before us, as at the 
first; therefore we will flee before 
them. 7 And ye shall rise up from 
the ambush, and seize upon the city; 
and Jehovah your God will deliver it 
into your hand. 8 And it shall be, 
when ye have taken the city, that ye 
shall set the city on fire. According 
to the commandment of Jehovah shall 
ye do. See, I have commanded you. 
'And Joshua sent them forth; and 
they went to the place of ambush, 
and abode between Beth-el and Ai, 
on the west side of Ai. And Joshua 
lodged that night among the people. 
10 And Joshua rose up early in the 
morning, and mustered the people, 
and went up, he and the elders of 
Israel, before the people to Ai. n And 
all the people of war that were with 
him, went up, and drew nigh, and 



the people of war with thee, and I came before the city, and encamped 
arise, go up to Ai. See, I have given I on the north side of Ai. And the 
into thy hand the king of Ai, and his j valley was between them and Ai. 
people, and his city, and his land, i 12 And he took about five thousand 
'And thou shalt do to Ai and her ! men, and set them in ambush between 
king as thou didst to Jericho and her I Beth-el and Ai, on the west side of 
king; only the spoil thereof, and the I the city. 13 And they set the people, 
cattle thereof, shall ye take a prey for I all the host that was on the north of 



yourselves. Lay an ambush for the 
city behind it. 

8 And Joshua arose, and all the peo- 
ple of war, to go up to Ai. And 
Joshua chose out thirty thousand men, 
strong men of war, and sent them 



the city, and their Hers in wait on the 
west of the city. And Joshua went 
that night into the midst of the valley. 
"And it came to pass, when the 
king of Ai saw it, that the men of the 
city hasted and rose up early, and 

Ver. 26. Achor ; meaning trouble. 
26l 



JOSHUA VIII 



went out against Israel to battle, he 
and all his people, at the appointed 
place, before the plain. And he 
knew not that there was an ambush 
against him behind the city, 15 And 
Joshua and all Israel were smitten 
before / them, and fled by the way of 
the wilderness. 16 And all the people 
that were in Ai were called together 
to pursue after them; and they pur- 
sued after Joshua, and were drawn 
away from the city. 17 And not a man 
was left in Ai or Bethel that went not 
out after Israel; and they left the city 
open, and pursued after Israel. 

18 And Jehovah said to Joshua, 
Stretch forth the spear that is in thy 
hand toward Ai; for I will give it into 
thy hand. And Joshua stretched 
forth the spear that was in his hand 
toward the city. 19 And the ambush 
arose quickly out of their place, and 
they ran as soon* as he stretched forth 
his hand; and they entered into the 
city, and took it, and hasted and set 
the city on fire. 20 And the men of 
Ai looked behind them, and saw, and, 
behold, the smoke of the city rose up 
to heaven, and they had no strength 
to flee this way or that way; and the 
people that fled to the wilderness 
turned back upon the pursuers. 2l And 
when Joshua and all Israel saw that 
the ambush had taken the city, and 
that the smoke of the city rose up, 
they turned again, and smote the men 
of Ai. "And the others issued out 
of the city against them, so they were 
in the midst of Israel, some on this 
side, and some on that side. And 
they smote them, so that they left 
none of them surviving or escaped. 
•And the king of Ai they took alive, 
and brought him to Joshua. 

"And it came to pass, when Israel 
had made an end of slaying all the 
inhabitant <>!" Ai in the field, in the 
wilderness wherein they pursued them, 



and they were all fallen on the edge 
of the sword until they were con- 
sumed, that all the Israelites returned 
to Ai, and smote it with the edge of 
the sword. 25 And all that fell that 
day, both men and women, were 
twelve thousand, all the men of Ai. 
26 And Joshua drew not back his hand, 
wherewith he stretched forth the spear, 
until he had utterly destroyed all the 
inhabitants of Ai. 27 Only the cattle 
and the spoil of that city Israel took 
to themselves for a prey, according to 
the word of Jehovah that he had 
commanded Joshua. 28 And Joshua 
burned Ai, and made it a perpetual 
ruin, a desolation to this day. 29 And 
the king of Ai he hanged on the tree 
until eventide. And as the sun was 
going down, Joshua gave command 
and they took down his carcase from 
the tree, and cast it at the entering of 
the gate of the city, and raised there- 
on a great heap of stones, to this day. 

30 Then Joshua built an altar to Je- 
hovah God of Israel on mount Ebal; 
31 as Moses the servant of Jehovah 
commanded the children of Israel, as 
it is written in the book of the law of 
Moses, an altar of whole stones, over 
which no man had lifted up any iron; 
and they offered thereon burnt offer- 
ings to Jehovah, and sacrificed peace 
offerings. 32 And he wrote there upon 
the stones a copy of the law of Moses, 
which he wrote in the presence of the 
children of Israel. 

33 And all Israel, and their elders, 
and officers, and their judges, stood 
on this side and on that side of the 
ark before the priests the Levites, 
bearing the ark of the covenant of 
Jehovah, as well the sojourner as the 
native-born; half of them over against 
mount Gerizim, and the half of them 
over against mount Ebal ; as Moses 
the servant of Jehovah had com- 
manded before, that they should bless 



262 



JOSHUA IX 



the people of Israel. 34 And afterward 
he read all the words of the law, the 
blessings and the cursings, according 
to all that is written in the book of 
the law. 35 There was not a word of 
all that Moses commanded, which 
Joshua read not before all the congre- 
gation of Israel, with the women, and 
the little ones, and the sojourners 
that walked among them. 

CHAPTER IX 

1 And it came to pass, when all the 
igs that were across the Jordan, in 
le hill country and in the Shephelah, 
id on all the coast of the great sea, 
>ward Lebanon, the Hittite, and the 
Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, 
the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard 
thereof; 2 that they gathered them- 
selves together to fight with Joshua 
and with Israel with one accord. 

3 And the inhabitants of Gibeon 
heard what Joshua had done to Jeri- 
cho and to Ai. *They also dealt 
craftily, and went and made as if they 
journeyed, and took old sacks upon 
their asses, and wine-skins, old, and 
rent, and patched; 5 and old shoes and 
clouted on their feet, and old gar- 
ments on them; and all the bread of 
their provision was dry and mouldy. 
6 And they went to Joshua to the camp 
at Gilgal, and said to him, and to the 
men of Israel, We are come from a 
far country; and now make ye a cove- 



nant with 



And the men of Israel 



said to the Hivites, Perhaps ye dwell 
among us; and how shall we make a 
covenant with you? 8 And they said 
to Joshua, we are thy servants. And 
Joshua said to them, Who are ye? 
And whence come ye ? 9 And they 
said to him, From a very far country 
thy servants are come, for the name 
of Jehovah thy God. For we have 
heard the fame of him, and all that he 



did in Egypt; 10 arrd all that he did to 
the two kings of the Amorites that 
were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon 
king of Heshbon, and to Og king of 
Bashan, who was at Ashtaroth. u And 
our elders and all the inhabitants of 
our country said to us, Take provision 
in your hand for the journey, and go 
to meet them, and say to them, We 
are your servants; and now make ye 
a covenant with us. u This our bread 
we took hot for our provision out of 
our houses on the day we came forth 
to go to you; but now, behold, it is 
dry, and it is mouldy. 1:! And these 
wine-skins which we filled were new; 
behold, they are rent. And these 
our garments and our shoes are be- 
come old by reason of the very long 
journey. u And the men took of their 
provisions, and asked not counsel at 
the mouth of Jehovah. 15 And Joshua 
made peace with them, and made a 
covenant with them, to let them live; 
and the princes of the congregation 
swore to them. 

16 And it came to pass at the end of 
three days after they had made a cove- 
nant with them, that they heard they 
were their neighbors, and were dwell- 
ing among them. n And the children 
of Israel journeyed, and came to their 
cities on the third day. Now their 
cities were Gibeon, and Chephira, and 
Beeroth, and Kirjath-jearim. 18 And 
the children of Israel smote them not. 
because the princes of the congrega- 
tion had sworn to them by Jehovah 
God of Israel. And all the congre- 
gation murmured against the princes. 
19 And all the princes said to all the 
congregation. We have sworn to them 
by Jehovah God of Israel; and now 
we may not touch them. ^This we 
will do to them, and let them live, lest 
wrath be upon us. because of the oath 
which we have sworn to them. 21 And 



Ver. 34. See Deut. 28 : 1-14, and 15-68. 
263 



JOSHUA X 



zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Ho- 
ham king of Hebron, and to Piram 
king of Jarmuth, and to Japhia king 
of Lachish, and to Debir king of Eg- 
lon, saying, 4 Come up to me, and 
help me, and we will smite Gibeon; 
for it has made peace with Joshua and 
with the children of Israel. 5 And five 
kings of the Amorites, the king of 
Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the 
king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, 
the king of Eglon, assembled, and 
went up, they and all their hosts, and 
encamped against Gibeon, and made 
war against it. 

6 And the men of Gibeon sent to 
Joshua to the camp, to Gilgal, saying, 
Slacken not thy hand from thy serv- 
ants; come up to us quickly, and save 
us, and help us. For all the kings of 
the Amorites that dwell in the moun- 
tain are gathered together against us. 
7 And Joshua went up from Gilgal, he 
and all the people of war with him, 
and all the strong men of war. 

8 And Jehovah said to Joshua, Fear 
them not, for I have given them into 
thy hand; there shall not a man of 
them stand before thee. 9 And Joshua 
came against them suddenly. AU 
the night he went up from Gilgal. 
10 And Jehovah discomfited them be- 
fore Israel; and he smote them with a 
great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased 
them along the way that goes up to 
Beth-horon, and smote them to Aze- 
kah, and to Makkedah. " And it came 
to pass, as they fled before Israel, they 
were at the descent from Beth-horon. 
And Jehovah cast down great stones 
from heaven upon them to Azekah, 
and they died. More were they who 
died by hailstones than they whom the 
children of Israel slew with the sword. 

12 Then spoke Joshua to Jehovah, in 
the day when Jehovah delivered up 



the princes said to them, Let them 
live. And they became hewers of 
wood and drawers of water to all the 
congregation; as the princes had told 
them. 

22 And Joshua called them; and he 
said to them, Wherefore have ye be- 
guiled us, saying, We are very far 
from you, when ye are dwelling among 
us? 23 And now ye are cursed; and 
there shall none of you be freed from 
being a bondman, and hewers of wood 
and drawers of water for the house of 
my God. 2 *And they answered Joshua, 
and said, Because it was certainly told 
thy servants, how that Jehovah thy 
God commanded his servant Moses to 
give you all the land, and to destroy 
all the inhabitants of the land from 
before you, we were sore afraid of our 
lives because of you, and did this 
thing. 25 And now, behold, we are 
in thy hand; as is good and right in 
thine eyes to do to us, do. 26 And so 
did he to them ; and he delivered 
them out of the hand of the children of 
Israel, and they slew them not. 27 And 
Joshua made them that day hewers of 
wood and drawers of water for the 
congregation, and for the altar of Je- 
hovah, to this day, in the place which 
he should choose. 

CHAPTER X 

1 And it came to pass, when Adoni- 
zedek king of Jerusalem heard that 
Joshua had taken Ai and destroyed it; 
as he did to Jericho and her king, he 
did to Ai and her king; and that the 
inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace 
with Israel, and they were among 
them; 2 that they greatly feared, be- 
cause Gibeon was a great city, as one 
of the royal cities, and because it was 
greater than Ai, and all the men 
thereof were mighty. 3 And Adoni- 

Ver. 12-14. These verses contain a quotation from the book of the righteous, "book of Jasher" in the 
1 ; poetic records of the deeds and words of those who were eminent in the annals of the 

boldly figurative manner of Oriental poetry ; such 



BfttiOIl (see •.. Sam. 1 : 18). They are conceived in tht 



264 



JOSHUA X 



the Amorites before the children of 
Israel; and he said in the sight of 
Israel, 
13 Sun, stand thou still on Gibeon, 
And thou moon, on the valley of 

Aijalon. 
And the sun stood still, and the 

moon stayed, 
Until the nation were avenged on 

f their enemies. 
s it not written in the book of the 
iteous? 
And the sun stood still in mid- 
heaven; 
And hasted not to go down for a 
whole day. 
And no day was like that before it 

or after it, 
That Jehovah hearkened to the 

voice of a man. 
For Jehovah fought for Israel. 
16 And Joshua returned, and all 
Israel with him, to the camp, to (lil- 
gal. 16 And those five kings fled, and 
hid themselves in the cave at Makke- 
dah. "And it was told Joshua, say- 
ing, The five kings are found hid in 
the cave at Makkedah. 18 And Joshua 
said, Roll great stones to the mouth 
of the cave, and set men over it to 
keep them. l9 And do ye stay not; 
pursue after your enemies, and smite 
them in the rear; suffer them not to 
enter into their cities, for Jehovah 
your God has given them into your 
hand. 20 And it came to pass, when 
Joshua and the children of Israel had 
made an end of smiting them with 
a very great slaughter till they were 



consumed, and those of them that 
escaped had entered into the fenced 
cities; 21 that all the people returned to 
the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in 
peace ; none sharpened his tongue 
against any of the children of Israel. 
22 And Joshua said, Open the mouth 
of the cave, and bring out to me those 
five kings out of the cave. " And 
they did so, and brought out to him 
those five kings out of the cave: the 
king of Jerusalem, the king of He- 
bron, the king of Jarmuth, the king 
of Lachish, the king of Eglon. 24 And 
it came to pass, when they brought 
out those kings to Joshua, that Joshua 
called all the men of Israel, and he 
said to the leaders of the men of war 
that went with him, Come near, put 
your feet on the necks of these kings. 
And they came near, and put their 
feet on their necks. 25 And Joshua 
said to them, Fear not nor be faint- 
hearted, be strong and of good cour- 
age; for thus will Jehovah do to all 
your enemies against whom ye fight. 
26 And afterward Joshua smote them, 
and slew them, and hanged them on 
five trees; and they were hanging on 
the trees until the evening. 27 And it 
came to pass at the time of the going 
down of the sun, that Joshua com- 
manded, and they took them down 
from the trees, and cast them into the 
cave wherein they had hid themselves, 
and laid great stones on the cave's 
mouth, to this very day. 

28 And that day Joshua took Mak- 
kedah, and smote it with the edge ot 



as we see in David's description of his victory over his enemies, ascribing i. to Jehovah's direct interposi- 
tion by tempest and earthquake (Ps. 18 : 7-15). Nothing here said exceeds the boldness of the figures there 
used : for example, " the earth shook and quaked " — " the foundations of the mountains trembled and were 
shi.;,-en " — "the foundations of the world were laid bare." To the Hebrew mind these were greater 
marvels than the arrest of sun and moon, regarded by him as comparatively small, revolving round the 
much larger earth. 

Divested of their bold poetic imagery, the words state a plain matter of fact. In the heat and enthusi- 
asm of the conflict, and eager for the defeat of all his enemies, Joshua commands sun and moon to stand 
still and wait till it be accomplished. The poet describes the effect of his words as it appeared to the busy 
actors in the scene, to whom the stirring and shifting events of the day made it seem unnaturally prolonged. 
Virtually it was so ; for it was by the special favor of Jehovah, who "fought for Israel," that the day did 
not end till all was accomplished. 

The words were understood in this poetical and figurative sense by the celebrated Jewish scholar 
Maimonides in the twelfth century; and it is now regarded by Hebrew scholars as the true interpretation 
of the passage. 

26S 



JOSHUA XI 



the sword; and the king thereof he 
destroyed, them and all the souls that 
were therein; he left none remaining. 
And he did to the king of Makkedah 
as he did to the king of Jericho. 
29 And Joshua passed from Makkedah, 
and all Israel with him, to Libnah, 
and he fought with Libnah. 30 And 
Jehovah gave it also into the hand of 
of Israel, and the king thereof, and 
he smote it with the edge of the 
sword, and all the souls that were 
therein; he left none remaining in it. 
And he did to the king thereof as he 
did to the king of Jericho. 

11 And Joshua passed from Libnah, 
and all Israel with him, to Lachish, 
and encamped against it, and fought 
against it; 3 ~ and Jehovah gave Lachish 
into the hand of Israel. And he 
took it on the second day, and smote 
it with the edge of the sword, and all 
the souls that were therein, according 
to all that he did to Libnah. 

:;3 Then Horam king of Gezer came 
up to help Lachish; and Joshua 
smote him and his people, until he 
left him none remaining. 

34 And from Lachish Joshua passed 
to Eglon, and all Israel with him; 
and they encamped against it, and 
fought against it. 35 And they took it 
on that day, and smote it with the 
edge of the sword; and all the souls 
that were therein he utterly destroyed 
that day, according to all that he had 
done to Lachish. * And Joshua went 
up from Eglon, and all Israel with 
him, to Hebron, and fought against 
it. " And they took it, and smote it 
with the edge of the sword, and the 
king thereof, and all the cities thereof, 
and all the souls that were therein; he 
left none remaining, according to all 
that he had done to Eglon; and he 
destroyed it utterly, and all the souls 
that were therein. 

"And Joshua returned, and all Is- 



rael with him, to Debir, and fought 
against it. 39 And he took it, and the 
king thereof, and all the cities thereof. 
And they smote them with the edge 
of the sword, and utterly destroyed 
all the souls that were therein; he left 
none remaining. As he had done to 
Hebron, so he did to Debir and to 
the king thereof, and as he did to 
Libnah and to her king. 

40 And Joshua smote all the land, 
the hill country, and the south land 
and the Shephelah, and the declivities, 
and all their kings; he left none re- 
maining, and utterly destroyed all 
that had breath, as Jehovah God of 
Israel commanded. 41 And Joshua 
smote them from Kadesh-barnea even 
to Gaza, and all the land of Goshen 
even to Gibeon. 42 And all these 
kings and their land did Joshua take 
at one time; for Jehovah God of Is- 
rael fought for Israel. 43 And Joshua 
returned, and all Israel with him, to 
the camp at Gilgal. 

CHAPTER XI 

1 And it came to pass, when Jabin 
king of Hazor heard it, that he sent 
to Jobab king of Madon, and to the 
king of Shimron, and to the king of 
Achshaph, 2 and to the kings that were 
on the north in the hill country, and 
on the plain south of Chinneroth, 
and in the Shephelah, and on the 
heights of Dor westward, 3 to the 
Canaanite on the east and on the 
west, and the Amorite, and the Hit- 
tite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebu- 
site in the hill country, and to the 
Hivite at the foot of Hermon in the 
land of Mizpeh. 4 And they went 
out, they and all their hosts with 
them, much people, even as the sand 
that is on the sea shore for multitude, 
and horses and chariots very many. 
5 And all these kings met together, and 
they came and encamped together at 



&&6 



JOSHUA XI 



the waters of Merom, to fight with 
Israel. 

6 And Jehovah said to Joshua, Be 
not afraid because of them; for to- 
morrow about this time will I deliver 
up all of them slain before Israel. 
Thou shalt hough their horses, and 
burn their chariots with fire. 'And 
Joshua and all the people of war with 
him came upon them suddenly by the 
waters of Merom; and they fell upon 
them. 8 And Jehovah gave them into 
the hand of Israel; and they smote 
them, and chased them to great Zidon, 
and to Misrephoth-maim, and to the 
valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they 
smote them until they left them none 
remaining. *And Joshua did to them 
as Jehovah said to him; he houghed 
their horses, and burnt their chariots 
with fire. 

10 And Joshua turned back at that 
time, and took Hazor, and smote the 
king thereof with the sword; for 
Hazor was formerly the head of all 
those kingdoms. "And they smote 
all the souls that were therein with 
the edge of the sword, utterly destroy- 
ing them; there was not any left that 
had breath; and Hazor he burned 
with fire. "And all the cities of those 
kings, and all their kings, did Joshua 
take. And he smote them with the 
edge of the sword, utterly destroying 
them, as Moses the servant of Jeho- 
vah commanded. 13 But as for the 
cities that stood on their hill, Israel 
burned none of them, save Hazor 
only; that did Joshua burn. "And 
all the spoil of these cities, and the 
cattle, the children of Israel took as 
a prey for themselves; but every man 
they smote with the edge of the 



sword, until they had destroyed them; 
nor left they any that had breath. 

15 As Jehovah commanded Moses 
his servant, so Moses commanded 
Joshua; and so did Joshua. He left 
nothing undone of all that Jehovah 
commanded Moses. "And Joshua 
took all that land; the hill country, 
and all the south country, and all the 
land of Goshen, and the Shephelah, 
and the plain, and the hill country of 
Israel, and its lowland; "from the 
bald mountain, that goes up to Seir, 
to Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon 
at the foot of mount Hermon. And 
all their kings he took, and smote 
them, and slew them. 

"A long time Joshua made war with 
all those kings. "There was not a 
city that submitted to the children of 
Israel, save the Hivites inhabiting 
Gibeon; all they took in battle. 20 For 
it was of Jehovah to strengthen their 
heart, that they should come against 
Israel in battle, that he might destroy 
them utterly; that they might have no 
favor, but that he might destroy them, 
as Jehovah commanded Moses. 

21 And at that time came Joshua, 
and cut off the Anakim from the hill 
country, from Hebron, from Debir, 
from Anab, and from all the hill 
country of Judah, and from all the 
hill country of Israel. Joshua des- 
troyed them utterly with their cities. 
22 There was none left of the Anakim 
in the land of the children of Israel. 
They remained only in Gaza, in Gath, 
and in Ashdod. 23 And Joshua took 
the whole land, according to all that 
Jehovah said to Moses; and Joshua 
gave it for an inheritance to Israel ac- 
cording to their divisions, by their 



Ver. 15. See Deut. 20 : 16, and 3 : 21. 
Ver. 16. The plain ; of the Jordan and the Dead Sea, as in 3 : 16, and elsewhere. 
Ver. 23. Gave it for an inheritance to Israel. See Gen. 13 : 14, 15. " Lift up now thine eyes and look, 
from the place where thou art, northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward. For the whole 
land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed forever." This promise to Abraham was 
renewed in a covenant, solemnly confirmed in the most impressive form known to the ancient world 
(Gen. 15 : 9-21). His seed inherited the promise, and with it the title to the land conveyed by it. The 
land is therefore properly called their inheritance. 

267 



JOSHUA XII, XIII 



tribes. And the land rested from 
war. 

CHAPTER XII 

*And these are the kings of the 
land that the children of Israel smote, 
and possessed their land beyond the 
Jordan toward the rising of the sun, 
from the river Anion to mount Her- 
mon, and all the plain on the east. 
2 Sihon king of the Amorites, who 
dwelt in Heshbon, ruling from Aroer 
which is on the bank of the river 
Anion and in the midst of the river, 
and over half Gilead to the river Jab- 
bok, the border of the children of 
Amnion ; 3 and over the plain to the 
sea of Chinneroth on the east, and to 
the sea of the plain, the salt sea, on 
the east, the way to Beth-jeshimoth ; 
and on the south under the declivi- 
ties of Pisgah ; *and the border of Og 
king of Bashan, of the remnant of 
the giants, who dwelt at Ashtaroth 
and at Edrei. 5 And he reigned in 
mount Hermon, and in Salcah, and 
in all Bashan, to the border of the 
Geshuritesand the Maachathites, and 
half Gilead, the border of Sihon king 
of Heshbon. 6 Them did Moses the 
servant of Jehovah and the children 
of Israel smite. And Moses the serv- 
ant of Jehovah gave it for a possession 
to the Reubenites, and the Gadites, 
and the half tribe of Manasseh. 

'And these are the kings of the 
land that Joshua and the children of 
Israel smote beyond the Jordan on 
the west, from Baal-gad in the valley 
of Lebanon even to the bald mountain 
that goes up to Seir. And Joshua 
gave it to the tribes of Israel for a 
possession according to their divisions; 
8 in the hill country, and in the Sheph- 
elah, and in the plain, and in the 
declivities, and in the wilderness, and 
in the south country j the Hittites, 
the Amorites, and the Canaanites, 



the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the 
Jebusites : 

•The king of Jericho, one; the king 
of Ai, which is beside Beth-el, one; 
10 the king of Jerusalem, one; the king 
of Hebron, one ; " the king of Jar- 
muth, one; the king of Lachish, one; 
12 the king of Eglon, one; the king of 
Gezer, one; 13 the king of Debir, one; 
the king of Geder, one; u the king of 
Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one; 
15 the king of Libnah, one; the king 
of Adullam, one; 16 the king of Mak- 
kedah, one; the king of Beth-el, one; 
17 the king of Tappuah, one; the king 
of Hepher, one; 18 the king of Aphek, 
one; the king of Lasharon, one; 19 the 
king of Madon, one; the king of Ha- 
zor, one; 20 the king of Shimron-meron, 
one; the king of Achshaph, one; 21 the 
king of Taanach, one ; the king of 
Megiddo, one; 22 the king of Kedesh, 
one; the king of Jokneam on Carmel, 
one; 2:! the king of Dor, on the height 
of Dor, one; the king of the nations 
at Gilgal, one; 2 *the king of Tirzah, 
one. All the kings thirty-one. 

CHAPTER XIII 

1 And Joshua was old, far gone inj 
years. And Jehovah said to him, 
Thou art old, far gone in years, and 
there yet remains very much land to 
be possessed. 2 This is the land that 
yet remains : all the circuits of tin 
Philistines, and all Geshuri ; s from 
Sihor, which is before Egypt, even to 
the border of Ekron northward, shall 
be counted to the Canaanite ; five 
lords of the Philistines; the Gazath- 
ites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshka- 
lonites, the Gittites, and the Ekron- 
ites, and the Avites; 4 on the south, 
all the land of the Canaanites, an< 
Mearah that belongs to the Sidonians, 
to Aphek, to the borders of the Amo- 
rites; 5 and the land of the Giblites, 
and all Lebanon toward the sunrising, 



268 



JOSHUA XIII 



from Baal-gad at the foot of mount j baal-meon, 18 and Jahaza, and Kede- 



Hermon to the entering into Hamath. 
6 All the inhabitants of the hill country 
from Lebanon to Misrephoth-maim, 
all the Sidonians, them will I drive 
out before the children of Israel; only 
divide thou it by lot to the Israelites 
for an inheritance, as I have com- 
manded thee. 7 And now divide this 
land for an inheritance to the nine 
tribes, and the half tribe of Manasseh; 
8 with him the Reubenites and the 
Gadites have received their inherit- 
ance, which Moses gave them beyond 
the Jordan on the east, even as Moses 
the servant of Jehovah gave to them; 
'from Aroer, that is on the bank of 
the river Arnon, and the city that is 
in the midst of the river, and all the 
plain of Medeba to Dibon; ,0 and all 
the cities of Sihon king of the Amo- 
rites, who reigned in Heshbon, to the 
border of the children of Ammon ; 
11 and Gilead, and the border of the 



moth, and Mephaath, ,9 and Kirjath- 
aim, and Sibmah, and Zareth-shahar 
on the mount of the valley, 20 and 
Beth-peor, and the declivities of Pis- 
gah, and Beth-jeshimoth, 21 and all the 
cities of the plain, and all the king- 
dom of Sihon king of the Amorites, 
who reigned in Heshbon, whom Mo- 
ses smote, him and the princes of 
Midian, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, 
and Hur, and Reba, princes of Sihon, 
inhabiting the land. 22 And Balaam 
the son of Beor, the soothsayer, the 
children of Israel slew with the sword, 
among their slain. 

23 And the border of the children of 
Reuben was the Jordan, even for a 
border. This was the inheritance of 
the children of Reuben after their 
families, the cities and their villages. 
24 And Moses gave to the tribe of Gad, 
to the children of Gad, according to 
their families. 25 And their border 



Geshurites and Maachathites, and all j was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, 
mount Hermon, and all Bashan to | and half the land of the children of 
Salcah : " all the kingdom of Og in j Ammon, to Aroer which is before 



Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and 
in Edrei; he remained of the remnant 
of the giants; and Moses smote them, 
and drove them out. 13 And the chil- 



Rabbah; 26 and from Heshbon to Ra- 
math-mizpeh, and Betonim; and from 
Mahanaim to the border of Debir ; 
27 and in the valley, Beth-aram, and 



dren of Israel did not drive out the j Beth-nimrah, and Succoth, and Za- 
Geshurites and the Maachathites, butlphon, the rest of the kingdom of Si- 



the Geshurites and the Maachathites 
dwelt among the Israelites, to this day. 
u Only to the tribe of Levi he gave no 
inheritance; the sacrifices of Jehovah 
God of Israel are their inheritance, as 
he said to them. 

15 And Moses gave to the tribe of 
the children of Reuben according to 
their families. lfi And their border 
was from Aroer, which is on the bank 
of the river Arnon, and the city that 
is in the midst of the river, and all 
the plain by Medeba; " Heshbon, and 
all her cities that are in the plain; 
Dibon. and Bamoth-baal, and Beth- 



hon king of Heshbon, the Jordan was 
even a border to the edge of the sea 
of Chinnereth beyond the Jordan on 
the east. 28 This is the inheritance 
of the children of Gad after their 
families, the cities, and their villages. 

29 And Moses gave to the half tribe 
of Manasseh; and it became [the pos- 
session] of the half tribe of the chil- 
dren of Manasseh by their families. 
30 And their border was from Maha- 
naim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of 
Og king of Bashan, and all the vil- 
lages of J air, which are in Bashan, 
sixty cities; 31 and half Gilead, and 
269 



JOSHUA XIV, XV 



Ashtaroth, and Edrei, cities of the 
kingdom of Og in Bashan, came to 
the children of Machir the son of 
Manasseh, to the half of the children 
of Machir by their families. 32 These 
are what Moses gave for inheritance 
in the plains of Moab, beyond the 
Jordan, by Jericho, on the east. 
33 And to the tribe of Levi Moses gave 
no inheritance. Jehovah God of Is- 
rael, he was their inheritance, as he 
said to them. 

CHAPTER XIV 

1 And these are what the children 
of Israel inherited in the land of 
Canaan • which Eleazar the priest, 
and Joshua the son of Nun, and the 
heads of the fathers of the tribes of 
the children of Israel, gave for inher- 
itance to them; 2 their apportionment 
by lot, to the nine tribes and the half 
tribe, as Jehovah commanded by the 
hand of Moses. 3 For Moses had 
given the inheritance of two tribes 
and a half tribe beyond the Jordan; 
and to the Levites he gave no inherit- 
ance among them. 4 For the children 
of Joseph were two tribes, Manasseh 
and Ephraim. And they gave no 
portion to the Levites in the land, 
save cities to dwell in, with their sub- 
urbs for their cattle and for their sub- 
stance. 5 As Jehovah commanded 
Moses, so the children of Israel did, 
and they divided the land. 

6 And the children of Judah came 
to Joshua in Gilgal; and Caleb the 
son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said 
to him, Thou knowest the thing that 
Jehovah said to Moses the man of 
God concerning me and thee in Ka- 
di; sh-barnea. 7 Forty years old was I 
when Moses the servant of Jehovah 
sent mc from Kadesh-barnea to spy 
out the Luxl; and I brought: him 

Ver. 6-8. S«-e Num. 13 : 1 to 14 : 3, and 14 
Ver. 12. If so he. Sec Num. 14 : 8. 



word again as it was in my heart. 
8 And my brethren that went up with 
me made the heart of the people 
melt; but I wholly followed Jehovah 
my God. 9 And Moses swore on that 
day, saying, Surely the land whereon 
thy foot has trodden shall be thy in- 
heritance, and thy children's forever; 
for thou hast wholly followed Jehovah 
my God. 10 And now, behold, Jeho- 
vah has kept me alive, as he said, 
these forty-five years, since Jehovah 
spoke this word to Moses, while Israel 
wandered in the wilderness; and now, 
Jo, I am this day eighty-five years old. 
11 Still am I strong this day as in the 
day that Moses sent me. As my 
strength was then so is my strength 
now, for war, and to go out and to 
come in. 12 And now give me this 
mountain, of which Jehovah spoke in 
that day. For thou heardest in that 
day that the Anakim were there, and 
great, fenced cities; if so be Jehovah 
is with me, then I shall drive them 
out, as Jehovah said. 13 And Joshua 
blessed him; and he gave Hebron to 
Caleb the son of Jephunneh for an 
inheritance. "Therefore Hebron be- 
came the inheritance of Caleb the son 
of Jephunneh the Kenezite to this 
day, because he wholly followed Je- 
hovah God of Israel. 15 And the name 
of Hebron formerly was city of Arba. 
He was the greatest man among the 
Anakim. And the land had rest from 
war. 

CHAPTER XV 

1 And there was the lot of the tribe 
of the children of Judah by their 
families; toward the border of Edom 
the wilderness of Zin southward, at 
the extreme south. 2 And their south 
border was from the end of the salt 
sea, from the tongue that turns south- 



3°- 
Ver. 



Ver. 9. See Deut. 1 I 36. 
City of Arba ; Kirjath-arba. 



270 



JOSHUA XV 



ward. 3 And it went out to the south 
side of the ascent to Acrabbim, and 
passed along to Zin, and went up on 
the south side of Kadesh-barnea, and 
passed along to Hezron, and went up 
to Adar, and turned toward Karka ; 

4 and it passed over to Azmon, and 
went out to the river of Egypt; and 
the terminations of the border were at 
the sea ; this shall be your south border. 

5 And the east border was the salt sea, 
to the end of the Jordan. And the 
border on the northern side was from 
the tongue of the sea at the mouth of 
the Jordan. 6 And the border went 
up to Beth-hoglah, and passed along 
northwardly to Beth-arabah. And the 
border went up to the stone of Bohan 
the son of Reuben. 7 And the border 
went up toward Debir from the valley 
of Achor,and turning northward toward 
Gilgal, that is over against the ascent 
of Adummim, which is on the south 
side of the river. And the border 
passed toward the waters of En-shem- 
esh, and the terminations thereof were 
at En-rogel. 8 And the border went 
up by the valley of the son of Hinnom 
to the south side of the Jebusite; the i 
same is Jerusalem. And the border I 
went up to the top of the hill that lies | 
before the valley of Hinnom westward, \ 
which is at the end of the valley of I 
the giants northward; 9 and the border 
stretched from the top of the hill to 
the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, 
and went out to the cities of mount 
Ephron; and the border stretched to 
Baalah, which is Kirjath-jearim; 10 and 
the border turned from Baalah west- 
ward to mount Seir, and passed along 
to the northern side of mount Jearim, 
which is Chesalon, and went down to 
Beth-shemesh, and passed on to Tim- 
nah. "And the border went out to 
the northern side of Ekron. And the 
border stretched to Shicron,and passed 



along to mount Baalah, and went out 
to Jabneel; and the terminations of 
the border were at the sea. 12 And the 
west border was to the great sea, as a 
border. This is the border of the 
children of Judah round about, accord- 
ing to their families. 

13 And to Caleb the son of Jephun- 
neh he gave a portion among the chil- 
dren of Judah, according to the com- 
mand of Jehovah to Joshua, the city 
of Arba the father of Anak, which is 
Hebron. "And Caleb drove thence 
the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and 
Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of 
Anak. 15 And he went up thence to 
the inhabitants of Debir. And the 
name of Debir formerly was Kirjath- 
sepher. 

16 And Caleb said, He that smites 
Kirjath-sepher, and takes it, to him 
will I give Achsah my daughter to 
wife. " And Othniel, the son of Kenaz 
the brother of Caleb, took it; and he 
gave him Achsah his daughter to wife. 
13 And it came to pass, when she had 
come, that she moved him to ask of 
her father a field. And she alighted 
from the ass ; and Caleb said to her, 
What wouldst thou ? 19 And she an- 
swered, Give me a present. For thou 
hast given me a south land; give me 
also springs of water. And he gave 
her the upper springs and the nether 
springs. 20 This is the inheritance of 
the tribe of the children of Judah 
according to their families. 

21 And the cities from the extremity 
of the tribe of the children of Judah 
to the border of Edom in the south, 
were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur, 
22 and Kinah, and Dimonah, and Ada- 
dah, 23 and Kedesh, and Hazor, and 
Ithnan, 2i Ziph, and Telem, and Bea- 
loth, 25 and Hazor-hadattah, and Keri- 
oth-hezron, which is Hazor, 26 Amam, 
and Shema, and Moladah, 27 and Ha- 



Ver. 8. Valley of the giants ; valley of Rephaim.. 

2 7 1 



JOSHUA XVI 



zar-gaddah, and Heshmon, and Beth- 
palet, '-" , and Hazar-shual, and Beer- 
sheba, and Bizjothjah, 29 Baalah, and 
Km, and Azem, 30 and El-tolad, and 
Chesil, and Hormah, 31 and Ziklag, 
and Madmannah, and Sansannah, 
32 and Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, 
and Rimmon; all the cities twenty- 
nine, with their villages. 

33 And in the Shephelah, Eshtaol, 
and Zoreah, and Ashnah, 34 and 
Zanoah, and En-gannim, Tappuah, 
and En am, 35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, 
Socoh, and Azekah, 36 and Sharaim, 
and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Ged- 
erothaim, fourteen cities with their 
villages; 37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and 
Migdal-gad, 38 and Dilean, and Miz- 
peh, and Joktheel, 39 Lachish, and 
Bozkath, and Eglon, 40 and Cabbon, 
and Lahmam, and Kithlish, 41 and 
Gederoth, Beth-dagon, and Naamah, 
and Makkedah, sixteen cities with 
their villages; 42 Libnah, and Ether, 
and Ashan, 4S and Jiphtah, and Ashnah, 
and Nezib, 44 and Keilah, and Achzib, 
and Mareshah, nine cities with their 
villages ; 45 Ekron with her daughters 
and her villages; 4C from Ekron and to 
the sea, all that was near Ashdod, 
with their villages; 47 Ashdod, her 
daughters and her villages ; Gaza, her 
daughters and her villages, to the river 
of Egypt and the great sea, as a 
border. 

48 And in the hill country, Shamir, 
and Jattir, and Socoh, 49 and Dannah, 
and Kirjath-sannah, which is Debir, 

50 and Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim, 

51 and Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh, 
eleven cities with their villages; 52 Arab, 
and Duniah. and Eshean, 5:i and Ja- 
num, and Beth-tappuah, and Aphekah, 
54 and Humtah, and Kirjath-arba which 
is Hebron, and Zior, nine cities with 
their villages; 56 Maon, Garmel, and 



Ver. 45. Daughters of a cit 
Ver. i. 



were s 
aters 



Ziph, and Juttah, 56 and Jezreel, and 
Jokdeam, and Zanoah, 57 Cain, Gibe- 
ah, and Timnah, ten cities with their 
villages; 58 Halhul, Beth-zur, and Ge- 
dor, 59 and Maarath, and Beth-anoth, 
and Eltekon, six cities with their vil- 
lages; 60 Kirjath-baal which is Kirjath- 
jearim, and Rabbah, two cities with 
their villages. 

61 In the wilderness, Beth-arabah, 
Middin, and Secacah, 62 and Nibshan, 
and the city of Salt, and En-gedi, six 
cities with their villages. 

63 As for the Jebusites the inhabi- 
tants of Jerusalem, the children of 
Judah could not drive them out. And 
the Jebusites dwelt with the children 
of Judah at Jerusalem to this day. 

CHAPTER XVI 

1 And the lot for the children of 
Joseph went out from the Jordan by 
Jericho; at the waters of Jericho on 
the east, to the wilderness that goes 
up from Jericho into the mountain of 
Beth -el; 2 and it went out from Beth -el 
to Luz, and passed along to the border 
of the Archite to Ataroth ; 3 and it 
went down westward to the border of 
the Japhletites, to the border of Beth- 
horon the lower, and to Gezer; and 
their terminations were at the sea. 
4 And the children of Joseph, Manas- 
seh and Ephraim, took it for their 
possession. 

5 And the border of the children of 
Ephraim according to their families, 
the border of their inheritance on the 
east side was Ataroth-addar, to Beth- 
horon the upper; 
went out westward 

the north ; and the border turned 
eastward to Taanath-shiloh, and passed 
by it eastward to Janohah; " and it 
went down from Janohah to Ataroth 
and Naarath, and came to Jericho, 

mall towns in its vicinity, dependent on it and subject to its jurisdiction, 
of Jericho ; the fountain of Klisha (2 Kings 



G and the border 
to Michmethah on 



tO-22). 



272 



JOSHUA XV II 



and went out at the Jordan. 8 From 
Tappuah the border went out west- 
ward to the river Kanah'; and its ter- 
minations were at the sea. This is 
the inheritance of the tribe of the 
children of Ephraim by their families; 

9 and the cities set apart for the chil- 
dren of Ephraim in the midst of the 
inheritance of the children of Manas- 
seh, all the cities with their villages. 

10 And they did not drive out the 
Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; and 
the Canaanites dwelt among the Eph- 
raimites to this day, and became trib- 
utary servants. 

CHAPTER XVII 

1 There was a lot for the tribe of 
Manasseh, for he was the firstborn of 
Joseph; for Machir the firstborn of 
Manasseh, the father of Gilead; be- 
cause he was a man of war, therefore 
he had Gilead and Bashan. 2 There 
was also for the rest of the children of 
Manasseh by their families; for the 
children of Abiezer, and for the chil- 
dren of Helek, and for the children of 
Azriel, and for the children of She- 
chem, and for the children of Hepher, , 
and for the children of Shemida; these | 
were the male children of Manasseh 1 
the son of Joseph by their families. 

3 And Zelophehad, the son of He- 
pher, the son of Gilead, the son of 
Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no 
sons, but daughters. And these are 
the names of his daughters: Mahlah, 
and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tir- 
zah. 4 And they came near before j 
Eleazar the priest, and before Joshua 
the son of Nun, and before the 
princes, saying, Jehovah commanded 
Moses to give us an inheritance 
among our brethren. And he gave | 
them, according to the command of 
Jehovah, an inheritance among the 
brethren of their father. 5 And there 



fell to Manasseh ten portions, besides 
the land of Gilead and Bashan, which 
was beyond the Jordan; 6 because the 
daughters of Manasseh had an inher- 
itance among his sons; and the rest 
of Manasseh' s sons had the land of 
Gilead. 

7 And the border of Manasseh was 
from Asher to Michmethah, that lies 
before Shechem; and the border went 
along toward the right hand to the 
inhabitants of En-tappuah. 8 Now Ma- 
nasseh had the land of Tappuah; and 
Tappuah on the border of Manasseh 
belonged to the children of Ephraim. 
9 And the border went down to the 
river Kanah, southward of the river. 
These were cities of Ephraim among 
the cities of Manasseh. The border of 
Manasseh was on the north side of the 
river, and its terminations were at the 
sea. 10 Southward it was Ephraim' s, 
and northward it was Manasseh' s, and 
the sea was his border; and they touched 
upon Asher on the north, and Issachar 
on the east. "And Manasseh had in 
Issachar and in Asher Beth-shean and 
her daughters, and Ibleam and her 
daughters, and the inhabitants of Dor 
and her daughters, and the inhabitants 
of Endor and her daughters, and the 
inhabitants of Taanach and her daugh- 
ters, and the inhabitants of Megiddo 
and her daughters, the three heights. 
12 And the children of Manasseh could 
not take possession of these cities; 
and it was the will of the Canaanites 
to dwell in that land. 13 And it came 
to pass, when the children of Israel 
became strong, that they made the Ca- 
naanites tributary, and did not utterly 
dispossess them. 

u And the children of Joseph spoke 
to Joshua, saying, Why hast thou given 
me one lot and one portion to inherit, 
seeing I am a great people, forasmuch 
as Jehovah has blessed me hitherto? 



18 



Ver. ii. Daughters. See the note on 15 : 45. 
273 



JOSHUA xvin 



15 And Joshua answered them, If thou 
art a great people, get thee up to the 
woodland, and cut down for thyself 
there in the land of the Perizzites and 
of the giants, if mount Ephraim is too 
narrow for thee. lti And the children 
of Joseph said, The mountain is not 
enough for us; and all the Canaanites 
that dwell in the valley-land have 
chariots of iron, they who are of Beth- 
shean and her daughters, and they 
who are of the valley of Jezreel. 17 And 
Joshua spoke to the house of Joseph, 
to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, 
Thou art a great people, and hast great 
power; thou shalt not have one lot. 
18 But a mountain shall be thine; for it 
is a wood, and thou shalt cut it down, 
and the farthest ends of it shall be 
thine. For thou shalt drive out the 
Canaanites, because they have iron 
chariots, and because they are strong. 

CHAPTER XVIII 

J And all the congregation of the 
children of Israel assembled together 
at Shiloh, and set up the tent of the 
congregation there. And the land 
was subdued before them. 2 And there 
remained among the children of Israel 
seven tribes that had not yet received 
their inheritance. 3 And Joshua said 
to the children of Israel, How long 
do ye show yourselves slack to go in 
to possess the land, which Jehovah 
God of your fathers has given you ? 
4 Choose for you three men for each 
tribe, and I will send them. And 
they shall rise up and go through the 
land, and describe it according to 
their inheritance, and come again to 
me. 5 And they shall divide it into 
i portions. Judah shall abide in 
his border on the south, and the house 
of Joseph shall abide in their border 
on the north. c And ye shall describe 
the land in seven portions, and bring 

Ver. 18. Farthest ends, or outgoings ; 



it hither to me; and I will cast lots for 
you here before Jehovah our God. 
7 For the Levites have no portion 
among you; for the priesthood of Je- 
hovah is their inheritance. And Gad, 
and Reuben, and the half tribe of Ma- 
nasseh, have received their inheritance 
beyond the Jordan on the east, which 
Moses the servant of Jehovah gave 
them. 

8 And the men arose, and went away. 
And Joshua charged those that went 
to describe the land, saying, Go and 
walk through the land, and describe 
it, and come again to me; and I will 
here cast lots for you before Jehovah 
in Shiloh. 9 And the men went and 
passed through the land, and described 
it by cities into seven portions in a 
book; and they came again to Joshua, 
to the camp at Shiloh. 10 And Joshua 
cast lots for them in Shiloh before Je- 
hovah; and there Joshua distributed 
the land to the children of Israel, 
according to their divisions. 

n And there came up the lot of the 
tribe of the children of Benjamin ac- 
cording to their families. And the 
border of their lot went out between 
the children of Judah and the children 
of Joseph. 12 And their border on the 
north side was from the Jordan; and 
the border went up to the side of 
Jericho on the north, and went up 
into the hill country westward; and 
the extremities thereof were at the 
wilderness of Beth-aven. 13 And the 
border passed over from there toward 
Luz, to the south side of Luz, which 
is Beth-el. And the border went 
down to Ataroth-addar, on the moun- 
tain that is on the south side of lower 
Beth-horon. u And the border was 
stretched onward, and turned toward 
the west side southward from the 
mountain that is before Beth-horon 
on the south ; and its extremities were at 

namely, outrunners, mountain spurs.. 



274 



JOSHUA XIX 



Kirjath-baal, which is Kirjath-jearim, 
a city of the children of Judah. This 
was the west side. 15 And the south 
was from the end of Kirjath-jearim. 
And the border went out westerly, 
and went out to the fountain of Water 
of Nephtoah; 16 and the border went 
down to the end of the mountain that 
is before the valley of the son of Hin- 
nom, which is in the valley of the 
giants on the north, and went down 
to the valley of Hinnom, to the south 
side of the Jebusites, and went down 
to En-rogel. "And it extended north- 
erly, and went out to En-shemesh, and 
went out toward Geliloth, which is 
over against the ascent of Adummim, 
and went down to the stone of Bohan 
the son of Reuben. 18 And it passed 
along toward the side over against 
Arabah northward, and went down to 
Arabah. 19 And the border passed 
along to the side of Beth-hoglah north- 
ward. And the extremities of the bor- 
der were at the north tongue of the 
salt sea at the south end of the Jordan. 
This was the south border. 20 And the 
Jordan was its border on the east side. 
This was the inheritance of the children 
of Benjamin, by the borders thereof 
round about, according to their families. 
21 And the cities of the tribe of the 
children of Benjamin, according to 
their families, were Jericho, and Beth- 
hoglah, and Emek-Keziz, 22 and Beth- 
arabah, and Zemaraim, and Beth-el, 

23 and Avim, and Parah, and Ophrah, 

24 and Chephar-haammonai, and Oph- 
ni, and Gaba, twelve cities with their 
villages; 25 Gibeon, and Ramah, and 
Beeroth, 26 and Mizpeh, and Chephi- 
rah, and Mozah, 2V and Rekem, and 
Irpeel, and Taralah, 28 and Zelah, 
Eleph, and Jebusite, which is Jerusa- 
lem, Gibeath, Kirjath, fourteen cities 
with their villages. This is the inher- 
itance of the children of Benjamin, 
according to their families. 



CHAPTER XIX 

x And the second lot came out for 
Simeon, for the tribe of the children 
of Simeon, according to their families; 
and their inheritance was within the 
inheritance of the children of Judah. 
2 And they had in their inheritance, 
Beer-sheba, and Sheba. and Moladah, 
3 and Hazar-shual, and Balah, and 
Azem, 4 and Eltolad, and Bethul, and 
Hormah, 5 and Ziklag, and Beth-mar- 
caboth, and Hazar-susah, 6 and Beth- 
| lebaoth, and Sharuhen, thirteen cities 
and their villages; 7 Ain, Rimmon, and 
Ether, and Ashan, four cities and their 
villages; 8 and all the villages that were 
round about these cities to Baalath- 
beer, Ramath-negeb. This is the in- 
heritance of the tribe of the children 
of Simeon, according to their families. 
9 Out of the portion of the children of 
Judah was the inheritance of the chil- 
dren of Simeon. For the part of the 
children of Judah was too much for 
them; therefore the children of Simeon 
inherited within their inheritance. 

10 And the third lot came up for the 
children of Zebulun, according to 
their families. And the border of 
their inheritance was to Sarid. "And 
their border went up toward the west, 
and Maralah, and reached to Dabba- 
sheth, and reached to the river that 
is before Jokneam. "And it turned 
from Sarid eastward toward the sun- 
rising to the border of Chisloth-tabor, 
and went out to Daberath, and went 
up to Japhia. "And thence it passed 
on easterly toward the sunrising to 
G'ttah-hepher, to Ittah-kazin, and 
went out to Rimmon, that extends 
to Neah. "And the border turned 
around it on the north side to Han- 
nathon; and the extremities thereof 
were in the valley of Jiphthah-el ; 
15 and Kattath, and Nahallal, and 
Shimron, and Idalah, and Beth-lc- 



275 



JOSHUA XIX 



hem; twelve cities with their villages. 
'•This is the inheritance of the chil- 
dren of Zebulun according to their 
families, these cities with their villages. 

17 The fourth lot came out for Issa- 
char, for the children of Issachar ac- 
cording to their families. 18 And their 
border was toward Jezreel, and Ches- 
ulloth, and Shunem, 19 and Haphraim, 
and Shihon, and Anaharath, 20 and 
Rabbi th, and Kishion, and Abez, 
21 and Remeth, and En-gannim, and 
En-haddah, and Beth-pazzez. 22 And 
the border reached to Tabor, and 
Shahazimah, and Beth-shemesh; and 
the extremities of their border were 
at the Jordan; sixteen cities with their 
villages. J3 This is the inheritance of 
the tribe of the children of Issachar, 
according to their families, the cities 
with their villages. 

24 And the fifth lot came out for the 
tribe of the children of Asher, ac- 
cording to their families. 25 And their 
border was Helkath, and Hali, and 
Be ten, and Achshaph, 26 and Alam- 
melech, and Amad, and Mishal; and 
it reached to Carmel westward, and 
to Shihor-libnath. "And it turned 
toward the sun rising to Beth-dagon. 
and reached to Zebulun, and to the 
valley of Jiphthah-el toward the north 
of Beth-emek and Neiel, and went 
out to Cabul on the left, 28 and He- 
bron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and 
Kanah, to great Zidon. 29 And the 
border turned to Ramah, and to the 
Tyrian-fortress. And the border 
turned to Hosah; and the extremities 
thereof at the sea from the tract to- 
ward Achzib; 30 and Ummah, and 
Aphek, and Rehob; twenty-two cities 
with their villages. 3l This is the in- 
heritance of the tribe of the children 
of Asher, according to their families, 
these cities with their villages. 

32 The sixth lot came out for the 

Ver. 29. Tyrian-fortress. See 2 Sam. 24 



children of Naphtali, for the children 
of Naphtali according to their families. 
33 And their border was from Heleph, 
from the oak by Zaanannim, and 
Adami-nekeb, and Jabneel, to La- 
kum; and the extremities thereof were 
at the Jordan; 34 and the border turned 
westward to Aznoth-tabor, and went 
out thence to Hukkok, and reached 
to Zebulun on the south, and reached 
to Asher on the west, and to Judah 
on the Jordan toward the sunrising. 
35 And the fenced cities were Ziddim, 
Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and 
Chinnereth, 36 and Adamah, and Ra- 
mah, and Hazor, 37 and Kedesh, and 
Edrei, and En-hazor. 38 and Iron, and 
Migdal-el, Horem, and Beth-anath, 
and Beth-shemesh; nineteen cities 
with their villages. 39 This is the in- 
heritance of the tribe of the children 
of Naphtali, according to their fami- 
lies, the cities with their villages. 

40 The seventh lot came out for the 
tribe of the children of Dan, accord- 
ing to their families. 41 And the border 
of their inheritance was Zorah, and 
Eshtaol, and Ir-shemesh, 42 and Sha- 
alabbin, and Aijalon. and Jethlah, 
43 and Elon, and Thimnathah, and 
Ekron, 44 and Eltekeh, andGibbethon, 
and Baalath, 45 and Jehud, and Bene- 
berak, and Gath-rimmon, 46 and Me- 
jarkon, and Rakkon, with the border 
before Japho. 47 And the border of the 
children of Dan went out from them. 
And the children of Dan went up to 
fight against Leshem, and took it, and 
smote it with the edge of the sword, 
and possessed it, and dwelt therein. 
And they called Leshem Dan, after 
the name of Dan their father. 48 This 
is the inheritance of the tribe of the 
children of Dan, according to their 
families, these cities with their villages. 

49 When they had made an end of 
dividing the land for inheritance by 

strong-hold of Tyre." Ver. 33. The oak ; oak forest. 



276 



JOSHUA XX, XXI 



its boundaries, the children of Israel j Galilee in the hill country of Naphtali, 
ave an inheritance among them to j and Shechem on mount Ephraim, and 



Joshua the son of Nun. 50 According 
to the word of Jehovah they gave 
him the city which he asked, Tim- 
nath-serah in mount Ephraim. And 
he built the city, and dwelt therein. 



Kirjath-arba, which is Hebron, in the 
hill country of Judah. 8 And beyond 
the Jordan by Jericho eastward, they 
appointed Bezer in the wilderness on 
the plain, out of the tribe of Reuben, 



51 These are the inheritances, which I and Ramoth in Gilead out of the 
Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son j tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan 
of Nun, and the heads of the fathers j out of the tribe of Manasseh. 9 These 
of the tribes of the children of Israel, | were the cities assigned for all the 



divided for an inheritance by lot in 
Shiloh before Jehovah, at the door of 
the tent of the congregation. And 
they made an end of dividing the 
country. 

CHAPTER XX 

*And Jehovah spoke to Joshua, say- 
ing, • Speak to the children of Israel, 
saying, Appoint for you cities of 
refuge, whereof I spoke to you by the 
hand of Moses; 3 that the slayer that 
kills any person unawares, unwittingly, 
may flee thither; and they shall be to 
you a refuge from the avenger of 
blood. *And when he that flees to 
one of these cities shall stand at the 
entrance of the gate of the city, and 
shall declare his cause in the ears of 
the elders of that city, they shall take 
him to them into the city, and give 
him a place, that he may dwell among 
them. 5 And when the avenger of 
blood pursues after him, then they 
shall not deliver up the slayer into his 
hand; because he smote his neighbor 
unwittingly, and hated him not before- 
time. 6 And he shall dwell in that 
city, until he stand before the congre- 
gation for judgment, until the death 
of the high priest that shall be in 
those days. Then shall the slayer 
return, and come to his own city and 
to his own house, to the city whence 
he fled. 

7 And they consecrated Kadesh in 



children of Israel, and for the so- 
journer that sojourns among them ; 
that whosoever kills any person un- 
awares may flee thither, and not die 
by the hand of the avenger of blood, 
until he has stood before the congre- 
gation. 

CHAPTER XXI 

J And the heads of the fathers ot 
the Levites came near to Eleazar the 
priest, and to Joshua the son of Nun, 
and to the heads of the fathers of the 
tribes of the children of Israel, J and 
spoke to them at Shiloh in the land 
of Canaan, saying, Jehovah com- 
manded by the hand of Moses to 
give us cities to dwell in, with the 
suburbs thereof for our cattle. 8 And 
the children of Israel gave to the Le- 
vites out of their inheritance, at the 
command of Jehovah, these cities and 
their suburbs. *And the lot came 
out for the families of the Kohathites. 
And the children of Aaron the priest, 
of the Levites, had by lot out of the 
tribe of Judah, and out of the tribe 
of Simeon, and out of the tribe of 
Benjamin, thirteen cities. 5 And the 
rest of the children of Kohath had 
by lot out of the families of the tribe 
of Ephraim, and out of the tribe of 
Dan, and out of half tribe of Manas- 
seh, ten cities. 6 And the children of 
Gershon had by lot out of the fami- 
lies of the tribe of Issachar, and out 



Chap. 20. Cities of refuge designated. See Num. 35 : 9-15. 
277 



JOSHUA XXI 



of the tribe of Asher, and out of the 
tribe of Naphtali, and out of the half 
tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen 
cities. 7 The children of Merari, by 
their families had out of the tribe of 
Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, 
and out of the tribe of Zebulun, 
twelve cities. 8 And the children of 
Israel gave by lot to the Levites these 
cities with their suburbs, as Jehovah 
commanded by the hand of Moses. 

9 And they gave out of the tribe of 
the children of Judah, and out of the 
tribe of the children of Simeon, these 
cities which were Called by name. 
10 And it came to the children of 
Aaron, of the families of the Kohath- 
ites, of the children of Levi, for theirs 
was the first lot ; n and they gave 
them the city of Arba the father of 
Anak, which is Hebron, in the hill 
country of Judah, with the suburbs 
thereof round about it. 12 But the 
field of the city, and the villages 
thereof, gave they to Caleb the son of 
Jephunneh for his possession. 

13 And to the children of Aaron the 
priest they gave Hebron with her 
suburbs, a city of refuge for the slayer, 
and Libnah with her suburbs, u and 
Jattirwith her suburbs, and Eshtemoa 
with her suburbs, 15 and Holon with 
her suburbs, and Debir with her sub- 
urbs, 16 and Ain with her suburbs, and 
Juttah with her suburbs, and Beth- 
shemesh with her suburbs; nine cities 
out of these two tribes. n And out of 
the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon with 
her suburbs, Geba with her suburbs, 
18 Anathoth with her suburbs, and 
Almon with her suburbs; four cities. 
19 All the cities of the children of 
Aaron, the priests, were thirteen cities 
with their suburbs. 

20 And the families of the children 
of Kohath, the Levites, the rest of the 
children of Kohath, they had the 
cities of their lot out of the tribe of 



Ephraim. 21 And they gave them 
Shechem with her suburbs on mount 
Ephraim, a city of refuge for the 
slayer, and Gezer with her suburbs, 
22 and Kibzaim with her suburbs, and 
Beth-horon with her suburbs ; four 
cities. 2:i And out of the tribe of Dan, 
Eltekeh with her suburbs, Gibbethon 
with her suburbs, 24 Aijalon with her 
suburbs, Gath-rimmon with her sub- 
urbs; four cities. 25 And out of the 
half tribe of Manasseh, Taanach with 
her suburbs, and Gath-rimmon with 
her suburbs; two cities. 2fi All the 
cities were ten, with their suburbs, for 
the families of the rest of the children 
of Kohath. 

27 And to the children of Gershon, 
of the families of the Levites, out of 
the half tribe of Manasseh [they gave] 
Golan in Bashan with her suburbs, a 
city of refuge for the slayer, and 
Beeshterah with her suburbs ; two 
cities. 28 And out of the tribe of Is- 
sachar, Kishon with her suburbs, Dab- 
areh with her suburbs, 29 Jarmuth with 
her suburbs, En-gannin with her sub- 
urbs; four cities. S0 And out of the 
tribe of Asher, Mishal with her sub- 
urbs, Abdon with her suburbs, 31 Hel- 
kath with her suburbs, and Rehob 
with her suburbs; four cities. 32 And 
out of the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh 
in Galilee with her suburbs, a city of 
refuge for the slayer, and Hammoth- 
dor with her suburbs, and Kartan 
with her suburbs; three cities. 83 A11 
the cities of the Gershonites, by their 
families, were thirteen cities with their 
suburbs. 

34 And to the families of the children 
of Merari the rest of the Levites, out 
of the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam with 
her suburbs, Kartah with her suburbs, 
35 Dinnah with her suburbs, Nahalal 
with her suburbs; four cities. 36 And 
out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer with 
her suburbs, and Jahazah with her 



278 



JOSHUA XXII 



suburbs, 3 ? Kedemoth with her sub- 
urbs, and Mephaath with her suburbs; 
four cities. 38 And out of the tribe of 
Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with her sub- 
urbs, a city of refuge for the slayer, 
and Mahanaim with her suburbs, 
39 Heshbon with her suburbs, Jazer 
with her suburbs ; four cities in all. 
40 All the cities for the children of 
xrari by their families, the rest of 
le families of the Levites, were by 
their lot twelve cities. 41 All the cities 
of the Levites, within the possession 
of the children of Israel, were forty- 
eight cities with their suburbs. 42 These 
cities were every one with their sub- 
urbs round about them ; thus were 
ill these cities. 

43 And Jehovah gave to Israel all 
the land which he had sworn to give 
to their fathers; and they possessed 
it, and dwelt therein. u And Jehovah 
gave them rest round about, accord- 
ing to all that he had sworn to their 
fathers. And there stood not a man 
of all their enemies before them; Je- 
hovah delivered all their enemies into 
their hands. 45 There failed not aught 
of any good thing which Jehovah had 
spoken to the house of Israel ; all 
came to pass. 

CHAPTER XXII 

x Then Joshua called the Reuben- 
ites, and the Gadites, and the half 
tribe of Manasseh, 2 and said to them, 
Ye have kept all that Moses the serv- 
ant of Jehovah commanded you, and 
have obeyed my voice in all that I 
commanded you. 3 Ye have not left 
your brethren these many days to this 
day, but have kept the charge, the 
commandment of Jehovah your God. 
4 And now Jehovah your God has 
given rest to your brethren, as he 
spoke to them. And now return ye, 



and go to your tents, to the land of 
your possession, which Moses the 
servant of Jehovah gave you beyond 
the Jordan. 5 Only take diligent heed 
to do the commandment and the law, 
which Moses the servant of Jehovah 
commanded you, to love Jehovah 
your God, and to walk in all his ways, 
and to keep his commandments, and 
to cleave to him, and to serve him 
with all your heart and with all your 
soul. 6 And Joshua blessed them, and 
let them go; and they went to their 
tents. 

7 And to the half of the tribe of 
Manasseh Moses had given [posses- 
sion] in Bashan ; and to the half 
thereof Joshua gave it among their 
brethren beyond the Jordan westward. 
And also when Joshua let them go to 
their tents, he blessed them. 8 And 
he spoke to them, saying, Return with 
much riches to your tents, and with 
very much cattle, with silver, and with 
gold, and with copper, and with iron, 
and with raiment in great abundance. 
Divide the spoil of your enemies with 
your brethren. 

9 And the children of Reuben, and 
the children of Gad, and the half tribe 
of Manasseh returned, and departed 
from the children of Israel, from Shi- 
loh which is in the land of Canaan, to 
go to the land of Gilead, to the land 
of their possession, wherein they took 
possessions according to the word of 
Jehovah by the hand of Moses. 10 And 
they came to the borders of the Jor- 
dan, that are in the land of Canaan. 
And the children of Reuben, and the 
children of Gad, and the half tribe of 
Manasseh built there an altar by the 
Jordan, an altar great in appearance. 

11 And the children of Israel heard 
say, Behold, the children of Reuben, 
and the children of Gad, and the half 



Ver. 41. Forty and eight cities, as commanded in Num. ; 
Chap. 22-24. Administration of Joshua ; his deat 



6-8. 



279 



JOSHUA XXII 



tribe of Manasseh have built an altar 
over against the land of Canaan, in 
the borders of the Jordan, opposite 
the children of Israel. 12 And when 
the children of Israel heard it, the 
whole congregation of the children of 
Israel gathered themselves together at 
Shiloh, to go up an army against them. 
13 And the children of Israel sent to 
the children of Reuben, and to the 
children of Gad, and to the half tribe 
of Manasseh into the land of Gilead, 
Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest; 
M and with him ten princes, a prince 
for each ancestral house of all the 
tribes of Israel; and they were heads 
each one of them of their ancestral 
houses, of the thousands of Israel. 

15 And they came to the children of 
Reuben, and to the children of Gad, 
and to the half tribe of Manasseh, into 
the land of Gilead, and they spoke 
with them, saying, 16 Thus say all the 
congregation of Jehovah, What trespass 
is this that ye have trespassed against 
the God of Israel, to turn away this 
day from following Jehovah, in that 
ye have built for you an altar, to rebel 
this day against Jehovah? " Is the 
iniquity of Peor too little for us, from 
which we are not cleansed to this day, 
and the plague was upon the congre- 
gation of Jehovah, l8 that ye should 
turn away this day from following Je- 
hovah ? And it will be, that to-day ye 
rebel against Jehovah, and to-morrow 
he will be wroth with the whole con- 
gregation of Israel. 19 But, if the land 
of your possession is unclean, pass over 
to the land of Jehovah's possession, 
where dwells the tabernacle of Jeho- 
vah, and take possession among us. 
And rebel not against Jehovah, nor 
rebel against us, in building you an 
altar, besides the altar of Jehovah our 
God. 20 Did not Achan the son of 
Zerah commit a trespass in the de- 



voted thing, and wrath was upon all 
the congregation of Israel ? And he 
perished not alone in his iniquity. 

21 And the children of Reuben, and 
the children of Gad, and the half tribe 
of Manasseh answered, and spoke to 
the heads of the thousands of Israel, 
22 The Mighty God, God Jehovah, The 
Mighty God, God Jehovah, he knows, 
and Israel he shall know. If it be in 
rebellion, or if in trespass against Je- 
hovah, (save us not this day,) 23 that 
we have built us an altar to turn from 
following Jehovah, or if to offer thereon 
burnt offering or meal offering, or if to 
make peace offerings thereon, let Je- 
hovah himself require it; 24 and if we 
have not done this from fear, for a 
cause, saying, In time to come your 
children will speak to our children, 
saying, What have ye to do with Je- 
hovah God of Israel ? a5 For Jehovah 
has made the Jordan a border between 
us and you, ye children of Reuben, 
and children of Gad; ye have no part 
in Jehovah. And your children will 
make our children cease from fearing 
Jehovah. 26 And we said, Let us now 
prepare to build us an altar, not for 
burnt orTering, nor for sacrifice; 27 but 
that it may be a witness between us 
and you and our generations after us, 
that we do the service of Jehovah be- 
fore him with our burnt offerings, and 
with our sacrifices, and with our peace 
offerings; that your children may not 
say to our children in time to come, 
Ye have no part in Jehovah. 28 And 
we said, If it be that they shall so say 
to us and to our generations in time 
to come, then we may say, Behold the 
pattern of the altar of Jehovah, which 
our fathers made, not for burnt offer- 
ings, nor for sacrifices; but it is a wit- 
ness between us and you. 29 Far be 
it from us, that we should rebel against 
Jehovah, and turn this day from follow- 



Ver. 17. Iniquity of Peor. See Num. 25 : 2-4. 
280 



JOSHUA XXIII 



ing Jehovah, to build an altar for burnt 
offerings, for meal offerings, and for 
sacrifices, besides the altar of Jehovah 
our God that is before his tabernacle. 

30 And Phinehas the priest, and the 
princes of the congregation and heads 
of the thousands of Israel who were 
with him, heard the words that the 
children of Reuben and the children 
of Gad and the children of Manasseh 
spoke; and it was good in their sight. 
3l And Phinehas, the son of Eleazar the 
priest, said to the children of Reuben, 
and to the children of Gad, and to 
the children of Manasseh, This day 
we perceive that Jehovah is among 
us, because ye have not committed 
this trespass against Jehovah; now ye 
have delivered the children of Israel 
out of the hand of Jehovah. 

"And Phinehas, the son of Eleazar 
the priest, and the princes, returned 
from the children of Reuben, and from 
the children of Gad, out of the land 
of Gilead, into the land of Canaan, to 
the children of Israel, and brought 
back word to them. 33 And the thing 
was good in the sight of the children 
of Israel. And the children of Israel 
blessed God, and no longer purposed 
to go up an army against them, to lay 
waste the land wherein the children of 
Reuben and Gad dwelt. 34 And the 
children of Reuben and the children 
of Gad called the altar, A witness 
between us that Jehovah is God. 

CHAPTER XXIII 

'And it came to pass, many years 
after Jehovah had given rest to Israel 
from all their enemies round about, 
and Joshua was old, far gone in years; 
2 that Joshua called all Israel, their 
elders, and their heads, and their 
judges, and their officers, and said to 
them, I am old, far gone in years. 
3 And ye have seen all that Jehovah 
your God has done to all these nations 



because of you; for Jehovah your God 
is he that fought for you. 4 See, I 
have divided to you by lot these na- 
tions that remain, to be an inheritance 
for your tribes, from the Jordan, and 
all the nations that I have cut off, and 
the great sea at the going down of the 
sun. 5 And Jehovah your God, he will 
thrust them out from before you, and 
drive them from your presence; and 
ye shall possess their land, as Jehovah 
your God has promised to you. 6 lie 
ye therefore very steadfast, to keep 
and to do all that is written in the 
book of the law of Moses, that ye turn 
not aside therefrom to the right hand 
or to the left; 7 that ye come not 
among these nations, these that re- 
main among you; nor make mention 
of the name of their gods, nor cause 
to swear by them, nor serve them, nor 
bow yourselves to them; 8 but cleave 
to Jehovah your God, as ye have done 
to this day. 9 And Jehovah has driven 
out from before you great nations and 
strong; and as for you, no man has 
been able to stand before you to this 
day. 10 One man of you shall chase a 
thousand; for Jehovah your God, he 
it is that fights for you, as he has prom- 
ised you. "And take good heed to 
yourselves, that ye love Jehovah your 
God. 12 For if ye do in any manner 
go back, and cleave to the remnant 
of these nations, these that remain 
with you, and shall make marriages 
with them, and go in with them, and 
they with you; 13 know assuredly that 
Jehovah your God will no more drive 
out these nations from your presence; 
but they will be snares and traps to 
you, and scourges in your sides, and 
thorns in your eyes, until ye perish 
off this good land, which Jehovah 
your God has given you. u And, be- 
hold, this day I am going the way of 
all the earth; and ye know in all your 
hearts and in all your souls, that not 



28 



JOSHUA XXIV 



one thing has failed of all the good 
things that Jehovah your God spoke 
concerning you; all are come to pass 
to you, not one thing has failed thereof. 
15 And it shall come to pass, that as all 
good things are come upon you, which 
Jehovah your God has spoken to you; 
so will Jehovah bring upon you every 
evil thing, until he shall have destroyed 
you off from this good land that Jeho- 
vah your God gave to you. 16 When 
ye transgress the covenant of Jehovah 
your God, which he commanded you, 
and go and serve other gods, and bow 
yourselves to them; then will the anger 
of Jehovah be kindled against you, and 
ye shall perish quickly off the good 
land which he gave to you. 

CHAPTER XXIV 

- 

*And Joshua gathered all the tribes 
of Israel to Shechem; and he called 
the elders of Israel, and their heads, 
and their judges, and their officers, 
and they presented themselves before 
God. 2 And Joshua said to all the 
people, Thus says Jehovah God of 
Israel, your fathers dwelt beyond the 
river in old time, Terah the father of 
Abraham and the Hither of Nahor; 
and they served other gods. 3 And I 
took your father Abraham from be- 
yond the river, and led him through- 
out all the land of Canaan, and mul- 
tiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac. 
*And to Isaac I gave Jacob and Esau; 
and to Esau I gave mount Seir, to 
possess it; and Jacob and his children 
went down into Egypt. 5 And I sent 
Moses and Aaron, and I smote Egypt, 
in that which I did in the midst of 
them; and afterward I brought you 
out. 6 And I brought your fathers out 
of Egypt. And ye came to the sea; 
and the Egyptians pursued after your 
fathers, with chariots and horsemen, 



to the Red Sea. 7 And they cried to 
Jehovah; and he put darkness between 
you and the Egyptians, and brought 
the sea upon them, and covered them; 
and your eyes saw what I did in Egypt. 
And ye dwelt in the wilderness a long 
season. 8 And I brought you to the 
land of the Amorites, who dwelt be- 
yond the Jordan. And they fought 
with you, and I gave them into your 
hand, ye possessed their land; and I 
destroyed them from before you. 9 And 
Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, 
rose up and warred against Israel; and 
he sent and called Balaam the son of 
Beor to curse you. 10 And I would 
not hearken to Balaam, and he indeed 
blessecl you; and I delivered you out 
of his hand. ll And ye passed over the 
Jordan, and came to Jericho. And the 
inhabitants of Jericho fought against 
you; the Amorites, and the Perizzites, 
and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, 
and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and 
the Jebusites; and I delivered them 
into your hand. 12 And I sent before 
you the hornet, which drove them out 
from before you, the two kings of the 
Amorites; not with thy sword, nor with 
thy bow. 13 And I gave you a land on 
which ye labored not and cities which 
ye built not, and ye dwell in them; of 
vineyards and oliveyards which ye 
planted not do ye eat. 

u And now fear Jehovah, and serve 
him in sincerity and in truth; and put 
away the gods that your fathers served 
beyond the river and in Egypt, and 
serve ye Jehovah. 15 And if it seem 
evil to you to serve Jehovah, choose 
for you this day whom ye will serve; 
whether the gods that your fathers 
served, that were beyond the river, or 
the gods of the Amorites, in whose 
land ye dwell; but as for me and my 
house, we will serve Jehovah. 



Ver. 2. River ; Euphrates, as in chap, i : 4. 

Yer. 12. The hornet ; metaphorically descriptive of the terror and panic which preceded 

the advance of the Israelites. 

282 



JUDGES I 



16 And the people answered and 
said, Far be it from us that we should 
forsake Jehovah, to serve other gods. 

17 For Jehovah our God, he it is that 
brought us up and our fathers out of 
the land of Egypt, from the .house of 
bondage, and who did those great signs 
in our sight, and preserved us in all the 
way wherein we went, and among all 
the people through whom we passed. 

18 And Jehovah drove out from before 
us all the peoples, and the Amorites 
who dwelt in the land; we also will 
serve Jehovah, for he is our God. 

19 And Joshua said to the people, Ye 
cannot serve Jehovah. For he is a holy 
God; he is a jealous God; he will not 
forgive your transgressions nor your 
sins. 20 If ye forsake Jehovah, and serve 
strange gods, then he will turn and do 
you hurt, and consume you, after that 
he has done you good. 21 And the peo- 
ple said to Joshua, Nay; for we will 
serve Jehovah. 22 And Joshua said to 
the people, Ye are witnesses against 
yourselves, that ye have chosen for you 
Jehovah, to serve him. And they said, 
We are witnesses. 23 And now put away 
the strange gods that are among you, 
and incline your heart to Jehovah, God 
of Israel. 24 And the people said to 
Joshua, Jehovah our God will we serve, 
and his voice will we obey. 25 And 
Joshua made a covenant with the peo- 
ple that day, and set them a statute 
and an ordinance in Shechem. 



26 And Joshua wrote these words in 
the book of the law of God. And he 
took a great stone, and set it up there 
under the oak, that was by the sanc- 
tuary of Jehovah. 27 And Joshua said 
to all the people, Behold, this stone 
shall be for a witness against us; for it 
has heard all the words of Jehovah that 
he has spok*en with us, and shall be for a 
witness against you, lest ye deny your 
God. 28 And Joshua let the people 
depart, every man to his inheritance. 

29 And it came to pass after these 
things, that Joshua the son of Nun, 
the servant of Jehovah, died, being a 
hundred and ten years old. 30 And 
they buried him in the border of his 
inheritance in Timnath-serah, which 
is in mount Ephraim, on the north 
side of mount Gaash. 3l And Israel 
served Jehovah all the days of Joshua, 
and all the days of the elders that long 
outlived Joshua, and who had known 
all the deeds of Jehovah that he had 
done for Israel. 

32 And the bones of Joseph, which 
the children of Israel brought up out of 
Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in the 
part of the field which Jacob bought of 
the sons of Hamor, the father of She- 
chem, for a hundred kesitas; and it be- 
came the inheritance of the children of 
Joseph. 33 And Eleazar the son of Aaron 
died. And they buried him in Gibeah 
[the city] of Phinehas his son, which 
was given him in mount Ephraim. 







JUDGES 



CHAPTER I 

1 And it came to pass after the death 
of Joshua, that the children of Israel 



I inquired 
shall go 



of 
up 



Jehovah, saying, Who 
first for us against the 



Canaanites, to 
2 And Jehovah 



fight against them ? 
said, Judah shall go 



2«3 



JUDGES I 



up. Behold, I have given the land 
into his hand. 3 And Judah said to 
Simeon his brother, Go up with me 
into my lot, and let us fight against 
the Canaanites; and I also will go 
with thee into thy lot. And Simeon 
went with him. * And Judah went up; 
and Jehovah gave the Canaanites and 
the Perizzites into their 'hand ; and 
they smote of them in Bezek, ten 
thousand men. 5 And they found 
Adoni -bezek in Bezek ; and they 
fought against him, and they smote 
the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 
6 And Adoni-bezek fled. And they 
pursued after him, and caught him; and 
they cut off his thumbs and his great 
toes. 7 And Adoni-bezek said, Seventy 
kings, having their thumbs and their 
great toes cut off, gathered [food] un- 
der my table. As I have done, so God 
has requited me. And they brought 
him to Jerusalem, and there he died. 
8 And the children of Judah fought 
against Jerusalem. And they took it, 
and smote it with the edge of the 
sword, and set the city on fire. 

9 And afterward the children of Ju- 
dah went down to fight against the 
Canaanites that dwelt in the hill coun- 
try, and in the south country, and in 
the Shephelah. 10 And Judah went 
against the Canaanites that dwelt in 
Hebron; and the name of Hebron 
formerly was city of Arba; and they 
smote Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Tal- 
mai. "And thence he went against 
the inhabitants of Debir ; and the 
name of Debir formerly was Kirjath- 
sepher. 12 And Caleb said. He that 
smites Kirjath-sepher, and takes it, to 
him will I give Achsah my daughter 
to wife. 13 And Othniel, the son of 
Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, took 
it. And he gave him Achsah his 
daughter to wife. u And it came to 
pass, when she had come, that she 



moved him to ask of her father the 
field. And she alighted from the ass; 
and Caleb said to her, What wouldest 
thou? 15 And she said to him, Give 
me a present. For thou hast given 
me a south land ; give also springs 
of water. And Caleb gave her the 
upper springs and the nether springs. 
16 And the children of the Kenite, 
Moses' father-in-law, went up out of 
the city of palm trees with the chil- 
dren of Judah into the wilderness of 
Judah, which lies in the south of Arad. 
And they went and dwelt among the 
people. 17 And Judah went with Sim- 
eon his brother, and they smote the 
Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, 
and utterly destroyed it. And the 
name of the city was called Hormah. 
18 And Judah took Gaza with the bor- 
der thereof, and Ashkelon with the 
border thereof, and Ekron with the 
border thereof. ,s *And Jehovah was 
with Judah; and he took possession of 
the hill country; for he could not drive 
out the inhabitants of the valley, be- 
cause they had chariots of iron. 20 And 
they gave Hebron to Caleb, as Moses 
had promised; and he drove out thence 
the three sons of Anak. 

21 And the children of Benjamin did 
I not drive out the Jebusites that in- 
! habited Jerusalem; and the Jebusites 
j dwell with the children of Benjamin 
i in Jerusalem to this day. 

22 And the house of Joseph, they 
I also went up to Beth-el; and Jehovah 

was with them. 33 And the house of 

I Joseph sent to spy out Beth-el. ■ And 

the name of the city formerly was Luz. 

1 2i And the watchers saw a man coming 

' out of the city. And they said to 

j him, Show us, we pray thee, the en- 

j trance into the city, and we will deal 

kindly with thee. 25 And he showed 

them the entrance into the city. And 

they smote the city with the edge of 



Ver. 10. City of Arba, or Kirjath-arba. 
284 



JUDGES II 



the sword; and they let the man go and 
all his family. " tt And the man went 
into the land of the Hittites. And he 
built a city, and called its name Luz. 
That is its name to this day. 

27 Nor did Manasseh get possession 
of Beth-shean and her daughters, nor 
Taanach and her daughters, nor drive 
out [the inhabitants of] Dor and her 
daughters, nor the inhabitants of 
Ibleam and her daughters, nor the in- j 
habitants of Megiddo and her daugh- 
ters. And it was the will of the Ca- 
naanites to dwell in that land. 28 And 
it came to pass, when Israel was strong, 
that they put the Canaanites to tribute, 
and did not utterly drive them out. 

29 Nor did Ephraim drive out the 
Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; and 
the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among 
them. 

30 Nor did Zebulun drive out the 
inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhab- 
itants of Nahalol; and the Canaan- 
ites dwelt among them, and became 
tributary. 

31 Nor did Asher drive out the in- 
habitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants 
of Zidon, and Ahlab, and Achzib, and 
Helbah, and Aphik, and Rehob. 
33 And the Asherites dwelt among the 
Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; 
for they did not drive them out. 

33 Nor did Naphtali drive out the 
inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, nor the 
inhabitants of Beth-anath; and he 
dwelt among the Canaanites, the in- 
habitants of the land. And the in- 
habitants of Beth-shemesh and of Beth- 
anath became tributary to them. 34 And 
the Amorites crowded the children of 
Dan into the hill country; for they 
would not suffer them to come down 
to the valley. 35 And it was the will 
of the Amorites to dwell in mount 
Heres, in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim. 
And the hand of the house of Joseph 



was heavy, and they became tributary. 
36 And the border of the Amorites was 
from the ascent to Akrabbim, from 
Sela, and upward. 

CHAPTER II 

1 And the angel of Jehovah came up 
from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I 
made you go up out of Egypt, and 
have brought you to the land which I 
had sworn to your fathers; and I said, 
I will never break my covenant with 
you; 2 and ye shall make no covenant 
with the inhabitants of this land; ye 
shall throw down their altars. And 
ye have not obeyed my voice. What 
is this that ye have done? 3 And I 
have also said, I will not thrust them 
out from before you; but they shall 
be your adversaries, and their gods 
shall be a snare to you. 4 And it came 
to pass, when the angel of Jehovah 
had spoken these words to all the chil- 
dren of Israel, that the people lifted 
up their voice, and wept. 5 And they 
called the name of that place Bochim. 
And they sacrificed there to Jehovah. 

6 And Joshua let the people go; and 
the children of Israel went every man 
to his inheritance, to possess the land. 
7 And the people served Jehovah all 
the days of Joshua, and all the days 
of the elders that long outlived Joshua, 
who saw all the great deeds of Jeho- 
vah, that he did for Israel. 8 And 
Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of 
Jehovah, died, being a hundred and 
ten years old. 9 And they buried him 
in the border of his inheritance in 
Timnath-heres, in the mount of Eph- 
raim, on the north side of mount 
Gaash. 10 And also all that genera- 
tion were gathered to their fathers; 
and there arose another generation 
after them, which knew not Jehovah, 
nor yet the deeds that he had done 
for Israel. 



Ver. 27. Daughters. See the note on Josh. 15 : 45. 



Ver. 5. Bochim, Weepers. 



JUDGES III 



11 And the children of Israel did 
evil in the sight of Jehovah, and served 
the Baals. 12 And they forsook Jeho- 
vah, the God of their fathers, who 
brought them out of the land of Egypt, 
and they went after other gods, of the 
gods of the peoples that were round 
about them, and bowed themselves to 
them, and provoked Jehovah to anger. 
13 And they forsook Jehovah, and 
served Baal and the Ashtoreths. 

u And the anger of Jehovah burned 
against Israel; and he gave them into 
the hand of plunderers that plundered 
them, and he sold them into the hand 
of their enemies round about, and they 
could no longer stand before their 
enemies. 15 Whithersoever they went 
out, the hand of Jehovah was against 
them for evil; as Jehovah had said, 
and as Jehovah had sworn to them. 
And they were greatly distressed. 

16 And Jehovah raised up judges; 
and they saved them from the hand 
of those that plundered them. 17 And 
to their judges also they hearkened 
not; for they went adulterously after 
other gods, and bowed themselves to 
them; they turned quickly from the 
way which their fathers walked in, 
obeying the commandments of Jeho- 
vah; not so did they. 18 And when 
Jehovah raised them up judges, then 
Jehovah was with the judge, and saved 
them from the hand of their enemies 
all the days of the judge. For Jeho- 
vah had compassion, because of their 
groanings on account of those that 
oppressed them and afflicted them. 
19 And it came to pass, when the judge 
was dead, that they returned, and cor- 
rupted themselves more than did their 
fathers, in going after other gods to 
serve them, and to bow down to them. 



They ceased not from their own doings, 
nor from their stubborn way. 

20 And the anger of Jehovah burned 
against Israel. And he said, Because 
this nation have transgressed my cov- 
enant which I commanded their fa- 
thers, and have not hearkened to my 
voice; 21 1 also will no more drive out 
from before them any of the nations 
that Joshua left when he died; 22 that 
by them I may prove Israel, whether 
they will keep the way of Jehovah to 
walk therein, as their fathers kept it, 
or not. 2S And Jehovah let those na- 
tions remain, without speedily driving 
them out; nor did he give them into 
the hand of Joshua. 

CHAPTER III 

1 And these are the nations that Je- 
hovah let remain, to prove Israel by 
them, as many [of Israel] as had not 
known all the wars of Canaan; 2 only 
that the generations of the children of 
Israel might get knowledge, to teach 
them war, them only who knew it not 
before: 3 [Namely], five lords of the 
Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and 
the Sidonians, and the Hivites that 
dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount 
Baal-hermon to the entering in of 
Hamath. 4 And they were for prov- 
ing Israel by them, to know whether 
they would hearken to the command- 
ments of Jehovah, which he com- 
manded their fathers by the hand of 
Moses. 

6 And the children of Israel dwelt in 
the midst of the Canaanites, the Hit- 
tites, and the Amorites, and the Per- 
izzites, and the Hivites, and the Jeb- 
usites. 6 And they took their daughters 
to be their wives, and gave their daugh- 
ters to their sons, and served their 

Ver. ii. Baals. There were many temples of Baal, the supreme male divinity of those idolatrous nations, 
and he was worshiped under various local designations and diversities of character and attributes. Baalim, 
in our Common version, is the Hebrew plural of Baal. 

Ver. 13. Ashtoreth was the supreme female divinity of those nations. She was the goddess of licentious- 
ness as well as of good fortune, and her numerous temples were thronged with her votaries. 

286 






JUDGES III 



gods. 7 And the children of Israel 
did evil in the sight of Jehovah, and 
forgot Jehovah their God, and served 
the Baals and the Asheras. 

8 And the anger of Jehovah burned 
against Israel. And he sold them into 
the hand of Chushan-rishathaim king 
of Mesopotamia; and the children of 
Israel served Chushan-rishathaim eight 
years. 9 And the children of Israel 
cried to Jehovah. And Jehovah raised 
up a deliverer to the children of Israel, 
who delivered them, Othniel the son 
of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother. 

10 And the Spirit of Jehovah was upon 
him, and he judged Israel. And he 
went out to war; and Jehovah gave 
Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopo- 
tamia into his hand, and his hand 
prevailed against Chushan-rishathaim. 

11 And the land had rest forty years; 
and Othniel the son of Kenaz died. 

12 And the children of Israel did evil 
again in the sight of Jehovah, and Je- 
hovah strengthened Eglon the king of 
Moab against Israel, because they had 
done evil in the sight of Jehovah. 
P And he gathered to him the children 
of Amnion and Amalek, and went and 
smote Israel, and took possession of 
the city of palm trees. "And the 
children of Israel served Eglon the 
king of Moab eighteen years. I5 And 
the children of Israel cried to Jeho- 
vah. And Jehovah raised them up a 
deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a 
Benjamite, a man left-handed. 

And by him the children of Israel 
sent a present to Eglon the king of 
Moab. 16 And Ehud made him a 
dagger which had two edges, of a 
cubit's length; and he girded it under 
his raiment upon his right thigh. 
17 And he brought the present to 
Eglon king of Moab. And Eglon 
was a very fat man. 18 And when he 



had made an end of offering the pres- 
ent, he sent away the people that bore 
the present 19 And he himself turned 
back from the graven images that were 
by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret 
message for thee, O king. And he 
said, Silence ! And all that stood by 
him went out from him. 20 And Ehud 
came in to him; and he was sitting in 
a cool upper chamber, which he had 
for himself alone. And Ehud said, I 
have a message from God to thee. 
And he rose up from the throne. 2l And 
Ehud put forth his left hand, and took 
the dagger from his right thigh, and 
thrust it into his bowels. 22 And the 
haft also went in after the blade, and 
the fat closed upon the blade; for he 
did not draw the dagger out of his 
bowels, and it came out behind. 23 And 
Ehud went out on the balcony, and 
shut the doors of the upper chamber 
upon him, and locked them. 2{ And 
he went out. And his servants came 
in and saw, and behold, the doors of 
the upper chamber were locked; and 
they said, Surely he covers his feet in 
his cool inner chamber. 25 And they 
waited till they were ashamed; and, 
behold, he opened not the doors of 
the chamber. And they took the key, 
and opened them; and, behold, their 
lord was fallen down dead on the 
earth. 26 And Ehud escaped while 
they delayed; and he passed beyond 
the graven images, and escaped to 
Seirath. 27 And it came to pass, when 
he was come, that he blew a trumpet 
in mount Ephraim, and the children 
of Israel went down with him from 
the mount, and he before them. 28 And 
he said to them, Hasten after me; for 
Jehovah has delivered your enemies 
the Moabites into your hand. And 
they went down after him, and seized 
the fords of the Jordan toward Moab, 



Ver. 7. Ashera was a female idol, the goddess of concupiscence, represented and worshiped in the form 
of wooden images or pillars. Ver. 12. Strengthened. See Josh. 11 : 20. 

287 



JUDGES IV 



and suffered not a man to pass over. 
29 And they smote of Moab at that 
time about ten thousand men, all ro- 
bust, and all men of war; and there 
escaped not a man. 30 And Moab was 
subdued that day under the hand of 
Israel. And the land had rest fourscore 
years. 

31 And after him was Shamgar the 
son of Anath; and he smote of the 
Philistines six hundred men with an 
ox-goad. And he also delivered Israel. 

CHAPTER IV 

x And the children of Israel again 
did evil in the sight of Jehovah; and 
Ehud was dead. 2 And Jehovah sold 
them into the hand of Jabin king of 
Canaan, who reigned in Hazor; and 
the captain of his host was Sisera, and 
he dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles. 
3 And the children of Israel cried to 
Jehovah. For he had nine hundred 
chariots of iron; and twenty years he 
violently oppressed the children of 
Israel. 

4 And Deborah, a prophetess, the 
wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at 
that time. 5 And she dwelt under the 
palm tree of Deborah, between Ra- 
man and Beth-el on mount Ephraim. 
And the children of Israel came up to 
her for judgment. 6 And she sent 
and called Barak the son of Abinoam 
out of Kedesh-naphtali. And she said 
to him, Has not Jehovah God of 
Israel commanded: Go and draw 
toward mount Tabor, and take with 
thee ten thousand men of the children 
of Naphtali and of the children of 
Zebulun? 'And I will draw to thee, 
to the river of Kishon, Sisera the cap- 
tain of Jabin' s army, with his chariots 
and his multitude; and I will give him 
into thy hand. 8 And Barak said to 
her, If thou wilt go with me, then I 
will go; and if thou wilt not go with 
me, I will not go. 9 And she said, I 



will surely go with thee. But yet 
thine honor will not be on the way 
that thou goest; for Jehovah will sell 
Sisera into the hand of a woman. And 
Deborah arose, and went with Barak 
to Kedesh. 10 And Barak called to- 
gether Zebulun and Naphtali to Ke- 
desh; and there went up ten thousand 
men at his feet, and Deborah went 
up with him. 

11 Now Heber the Kenite had sev- 
ered himself from the Kenites, of the 
children of Hobab the father-in-law* 
of Moses ; and he pitched his tent 
at the oak of Zaanaim, which is by 
Kedesh. 12 And they made known to 
Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam 
was gone up to mount Tabor. ,3 And 
Sisera called together all his chariots, 
nine hundred chariots of iron, and all 
the people that were with him, from 
Harosheth of the Gentiles to the river 
of Kishon. u And Deborah said to 
Barak, Up; for this is the day in which 
Jehovah has given Sisera into thy 
! hand. Is not Jehovah gone out be- 
fore thee ? And Barak went down 
from mount Tabor, and ten thousand 
men after him. 15 And Jehovah dis- 
comfited Sisera, and all his chariots, 
and all his hosts, with the edge of the 
sword before Barak. And Sisera 
alighted down off his chariot, and fled 
away on his feet. 16 And Barak pur- 
sued after the chariots, and after the 
host, to Harosheth of the Gentiles. 
And all the host of Sisera fell by the 
edge of the sword; there was not left 
even one. " And Sisera fled away on 
his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of 
Heber the Kenite. For there was 
peace between Jabin the king of Hazor 
and the house of Heber the Kenite. 

18 And Jael went out to meet Sisera, 
and said to him, Turn aside, my lord, 
turn aside to me; fear not. And he 
turned aside to her into the tent, and 
she covered him with the carpet 



288 



JUDGES V 



19 And he said to her, Give me, I pray 
thee, a little water to drink; for I am 
thirsty. And she opened the skin of 
milk, and gave him drink, and cov- 
ered him. 20 And he said to her, 
Stand at the door of the tent, and if 
any man shall come and inquire of 
thee, and say, Is there any one here ? 
thou shalt say, No one. 21 And Jael, 
Heber's wife, took the tentpin, and 
put the hammer in her hand, and came 
softly to him, and smote the pin into 
his temples, and it went down into the 
ground. And he was in a deep sleep 
and weary; and he died. " And, be- 
hold, Barak was pursuing Sisera. And 
Jael came out to meet him; and she 
said to him, Go, and I will show thee the 
man whom thou seekest. And he came 
in to her, and, behold, Sisera fallen 
dead, and the pin in his temples. "And 
God subdued on that day Jabin the king 
of Canaan before the children of Israel. 
24 And the hand of the children of Is- 
rael grew more and more heavy against 
Jabin the king of Canaan, until they 
destroyed Jabin king of Canaan. 

CHAPTER V 

1 Then sang Deborah and Barak the 
son of Abinoam on that day, saying, 

2 That leaders in Israel led on, 

That the people freely gave themselves, 
Bless ye Jehovah ! 

3 Hear, ye kings; give ear, ye princes; 
I, to Jehovah will I sing; 

Will sing praise to Jehovah, God of 
Israel. 

4 Jehovah, when thou wentest forth out 

of Seir, 
When thou didst march from the field 

of Edom, 
Earth trembled, yea the heavens 

dropped, 



Yea the clouds dropped water. 

5 The mountains quaked before Jeho- 

vah — 
That Sinai before Jehovah, God of 
Israel. 

6 In the days of Shamgar, the son of 

Anath, 
In the days of Jael, the highways had 

rest, 
And travelers went through by-paths. 

7 They ceased, rulers in Israel, they 

ceased, 
Until that I, Deborah, arose, 
That I arose, a mother in Israel. 

8 They chose new gods; 
Then was war at the gates; 
Was there seen a shield or a spear, 
Among forty thousand in Israel? 

9 My heart is toward the commanders 

of Israel; 
To them of the people that freely gave 

themselves. 

Bless ye Jehovah! 

10 Ye that ride on white asses, 
Ye that sit on carpetings, 
And ye that walk by the way, 
Think thereon; 

11 Of the shout of those parting the 
spoil with water-drawers — 

There will they rehearse Jehovah's 
righteous acts, 

The righteous acts of his rule in Israel. 

Then came they down to the gates, 
the people of Jehovah. 

12 Awake, awake, Deborah; 
Awake, awake, utter a song; 
Arise, Barak, and lead thy cap- 
tured captive, 
Thou son of Abinoam ! 



Ver. 2i. Jael, Heber's wife. There is no reason to doubt that she, notwithstanding the course taken by 
her husband (14 : 12). remained faithful to the cause of God's people. This was her motive for the act 
here described, and the ground of the commendation bestowed upon it in 5 : 24. Neither the act itself, 
nor Deborah's approval, is to be judged by the rules of our higher civilization. 



19 



289 



JUDGES V 



13 Then came down a remnant of the 
nobles, a people; 

Jehovah came down to me among the 
valiant; 

u Out of Ephraim, their seat in Amalek, 

After thee, Benjamin, among thy peo- 
ples; 

Out of Machir came down command- 
ers, 

And out of Zebulun those holding the 
musterer's staff. 

15 And my chiefs in Issachar were with 

Deborah; 
And Issachar, the strength of Barak, 
Rushed at his feet into the valley. 

By the streams of Reuben 
Great were the resolves of heart. 

16 Why abodest thou among the sheep- 

folds, 
To hear the pipings of the flocks ? 
By the streams of Reuben 
Great were the searchings of heart. 

17 Gilead abode beyond the Jordan; 
And Dan, why sojourns he in ships ? 
Asher sat by the sea-shore, 

And abode in his havens. ■ 

18 Zebulun, a people that scorned its 

life, to die, 
And Naphtali, in the high places of 
the field. 

19 There came kings — they fought; 
Then fought the kings of Canaan, 

At Taanach, by the waters of Me- 

giddo; 
Spoil of silver they took not. 

20 From heaven they fought; 

The stars in their courses fought 
against Sisera. 

21 The river Kishon swept them away, 
That ancient river, the river Kishon. 
O my soul, thou shalt tread down the 

strong ! 

22 Then stamped the horses' hoofs 



In the rush, the rush of their mighty 
ones. 

23 Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of 

Jehovah; 
Curse ye bitterly the inhabitants 

thereof ; 
Because they came not to the help of 

Jehovah, 
To the help of Jehovah against the 

mighty. 

2 * Blessed above women be Jael, 
The wife of Heber the Kenite; 
Blessed shall she be above women in 
the tent. 

25 He asked water, she gave him milk; 
She brought curdled milk in a lordly 

dish. 

26 She stretched forth her hand to the 

nail, 
And her right hand to the workmen's 

hammer; 
And she smote Sisera, she smote 

through his head, 
And she crushed and pierced through 

his temples. 

27 At her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay; 
At her feet he bowed, he fell; 
Where he bowed, there he fell down 

slain. 

28 The mother of Sisera looked out at 

the window, 
And cried through the lattice : — 
Why is his chariot so long in coming? 
Why tarry the wheels of his chariots? 

29 Her wise princesses answered, 
Yea, she returned answer to herself : — 

30 Have they not found, divided the 

prey? 
A damsel, two damsels, to every 

man; 
A prey of dyed garments to Sisera, 
A prey of dyed garments of embroi 

dery; 
A dyed garment of double embroidery, 
For the neck of the spoiler. 



igo 



JUDGES VI 



31 So let all thine enemies perish, O 

Jehovah ! 
But they that love him are as the sun, 
When he goes forth in his might. 

And the land had rest forty years. 

CHAPTER VI 

1 And the children of Israel did evil 
in the sight of Jehovah; and Jehovah 
gave them into the hand of Midian 
seven years. ■* And the hand of Mid- 
ian prevailed against Israel. Because 
of the Midianites, the children of Israel 
made for themselves the dens which 
are in the mountains, and the caves, 
and the strongholds. s And so it was, 
when Israel had sown, that there came 
up the Midianites, and the Amalekites, 
and the sons of the east; they came 
up against them. 4 And they en- 
camped against them, and destroyed 
the produce of the earth, till thou 
comest to Gaza; and they left no sus- 
tenance in Israel, neither sheep, nor 
ox, nor ass. 5 For they came up with 
their cattle and their tents; and they 
came as locusts for multitude. They 
and their camels were without number; 
and they came into the land to destroy 
it. 6 And Israel was greatly enfeebled 
because of the Midianites. And the 
children of Israel cried to Jehovah. 

7 And it came to pass, when the chil- 
dren of Israel cried to Jehovah on 
account of the Midianites, 8 that Jeho- 
vah sent a prophet to the children of 
Israel, and said to them, Thus says 
Jehovah, God of Israel. I brought 
you up from Egypt, and I brought 
you forth out of the house of bondage. 
9 And I delivered you out of the hand 
of the Egyptians, and out of the hand 
of all that oppressed you, and drove 
them out from before you, and gave 
you their land. 10 And I said to you, 
I, Jehovah, am your God; ye shall not 
fear the gods of the Amorites, in whose 



land ye dwell. And ye have not 
obeyed my voice. 

11 And the angel of Jehovah came, 
and sat under the oak that was in 
Ophrah, which belonged to Joash the 
Abi-ezrite; and Gideon his son was 
threshing wheat by the wine-press, to 
hide it from the Midianites. 12 And 
the angel of Jehovah appeared to him, 
and said to him, Jehovah is with thee, 
thou mighty man of valor. 13 And 
Gideon said to him, I beseech thee 
my Lord, if Jehovah is with us, why 
has all this befallen us? And where 
are all his wonders of which our fathers 
told us, saying, Did not Jehovah 
bring us up from Egypt? And now 
Jehovah has forsaken us, and given us 
into the grasp of the Midianites. u And 
Jehovah turned to him, and said, Go 
in this thy might, and thou shalt save 
Israel from the grasp of the Midianites. 
Have not I sent thee? 15 And he 
said to him, I beseech thee my Lord, 
wherewith shall I save Israel? Be- 
hold, my thousand is the feeblest in 
Manasseh, and I am the least in my 
father's house. 16 And Jehovah said 
to him, Surely I will be with thee, and 
thou shalt smite the Midianites as one 
man. n And he said to him, If now 
I have found grace in thy sight, then 
show me a sign that thou talkest with 
me. ,8 Depart not hence, I pray thee, 
until I come to thee, and bring forth 
my offering, and set it before thee. 
And he said, I will tarry until thou 
comest again. 19 And Gideon went in, 
and made ready a kid of the goats, 
and unleavened cakes of an ephah of 
flour. The flesh he put in the* basket, 
and he put the broth in the pot, and 
brought it out to him under the oak, 
and presented it. 20 And the angel of 
God said to him, Take the flesh and 
the unleavened cakes, and lay them 
upon this rock, and pour out the broth. 
And he did so. 



291 



JUDGES VI 



21 And the angel of Jehovah put 
forth the end of the staff that was in 
his hand, and touched the flesh and 
the unleavened cakes; and there rose 
up fire out of the rock, and consumed 
the flesh and the unleavened cakes. 
And the angel of Jehovah departed 
out of his sight. "And Gideon saw 
that he was the angel of Jehovah. 
And Gideon said, Alas, O Lord Jeho- 
vah; for therefore have I seen the 
angel of Jehovah face to face. 23 And 
Jehovah said to him, Peace be to thee; 
fear not, thou shalt not die. 24 And 
Gideon built an altar there to Jeho- 
vah; and he called it Jehovah-shalum. 
To this day it is yet at Ophrah of the 
Abi-ezrites. 

25 And it came to pass on the same 
night, that Jehovah said to him, Take 
the young bullock, which is thy fath- 
er's, and the second bullock of seven 
years old, and throw down the altar of 
Baal that is thy father's, and cut down 
the Ashera that is by it. 26 And build 
an altar to Jehovah thy God upon the 
top of this rock, with the wood laid in 
order, and take the second bullock, 
and offer a burnt sacrifice with the 
wood of the Ashera which thou shalt 
cut down. "And Gideon took ten 
men of his servants, and did as Jeho- 
vah had said to him. And as from 
fear of his father's house and of the 
men of the city he could not do it by 
day, he did it by night. 

28 And the men of the city rose early 
in the morning, and behold, the altar 
of Baal was cast down, and the Ashera 
was cut down that was by it, and the 
second bullock was offered on the altar 
that was built. 29 And they said one 
to another, Who has done this thing? 
And they searched and made inquiry; 



and they said, Gideon the son of Jo- 
ash has done this thing. 30 And the 
men of the city said to Joash, Bring 
out thy son, and let him die; because 
he has cast down the altar of Baal, 
and because he has cut down the 
Ashera that was by it. 31 And Joash 
said to all that stood by him, Will ye 
strive for Baal ? Or will ye save him ? 
He that will strive for him, let him be 
put to death before morning. If he 
be a god, let him strive for himself, 
because one has cast down his altar. 
32 And on that day he was called Jerub- 
baal, saying, Let Baal strive with him, 
because he has thrown down his altar. 

33 And all the Midianites and the 
Amalekites, and the sons of the east, 
were gathered together, and went 
over, and encamped in the valley of 
Jezreel. 3 *And the Spirit of Jehovah 
entered into Gideon. And he blew 
a trumpet, and Abi-ezer was gathered 
after him. 35 And he sent messengers 
throughout all Manasseh, and he also 
was .gathered after him. And he sent 
messengers to Asher, and to Zebulun, 
and to Naphtali, and they came up to 
meet him. 

86 And Gideon said to God, If thou 
wilt save Israel by my hand, as thou 
hast said ; '''"' behold, I lay a fleece of 
wool in the threshing-floor; if dew be 
on the fleece only, and dryness on all 
the ground, then shall I know that 
thou wilt save Israel by my hand, as 
thou hast said. 38 And it was so. For 
he rose up early on the morrow, and 
pressed the fleece together, and wrung 
out the dew from the fleece, a bowl 
full of water. 39 And Gideon said to 
God, Let not thine anger burn against 
me, and I will speak but this once. 
Let me make trial, I pray thee, but 



Ver. 22. For therefore : namely, for the reason implied in the despairing exclamation, " Alas," and 
plainly indicated in the next verse. 

Ver. 24. Shalom, peace. Jehovah-shalom, Jehovah gives peace, alluding to the words, " Peace be to 
thee,' in ver. 23. 



Ver. 32. He called him : or, he was called. 



292 



JUDGES VII 



this once with the fleece; let it now 
be dry only on the fleece, and on all 
the ground let there be dew. 40 And 
God did so that night. And it was 
dry on the fleece only, and there was 
dew on all the ground. 

CHAPTER VII 

J And Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, 
rose up early, and all the people that 
were with him, and encamped by the 
fountain Harod. And the camp of 
the Midianites was on the north side 
of him, by the hill of Moreh, in the 
valley. 2 And Jehovah said to Gid- 
eon, The people that are with thee 
are too many for me to give the Mid- 
ianites into their hand, lest Israel 
vaunt themselves against me, saying, 
My own hand has saved me. 3 Now 
then, proclaim in the ears of the peo- 
ple, and say, Whosoever is fearful 
and timid, let him return and go back 
from mount Gilead. And there re- 
turned of the people twenty-two thou- 
sand; and there remained ten thou- 
sand. *And Jehovah said to Gideon, 
The people are yet too many. Bring 
them down to the water, and I will 
try them for thee there. And it shall 
be, that of whom I say to thee, this 
shall go with thee, the same shall go 
with thee; and of whomsoever I say 
to thee, this shall not go with thee, 
the same shall not go. 5 And he 
brought the people down to the 
water. And Jehovah said to Gideon, 
Every one that laps of the water with 
his tongue, as a dog laps, him shalt 
■ thou set by himself, and also every 
one that bows down upon his knees 
to drink. 6 And the number of them 
that lapped, with their hand to their 
mouth, was three hundred men; and 
all the rest of the people bowed down 
upon their knees to drink water. 
7 And Jehovah said to Gideon, By 



the three hundred men that lapped 
will I save you, and give the Midian- 
ites into thy hand. And let all the 
people go, every man to his place. 
8 And the people took provision in 
their hand, and their trumpets; and 
he sent all the men of Israel every 
man to his tent, and retained those 
three hundred men. And the camp 
of Midian was beneath him in the 
valley. 

9 And it came to pass on the same 
night, that Jehovah said to him, arise, 
get thee down into the camp; for I 
have given it into thy hand. 10 But if 
thou fearest to go down, go thou with 
Phurah thy servant down to the camp. 

11 And thou shalt hear what they say; 
and afterward shall thy hands be 
strengthened to go down into the 
camp. Then went he down, he and 
Phurah his servant, to the limits of 
the armed men that were in the camp. 

12 And the Midianites and the Amalek- 
ites, and all the sons of the east, lay 
along in the valley like locusts for 
multitude; and their camels were with- 
out number, as the sand on the sea- 
shore for multitude. 13 And Gideon 
came; and behold, a man was telling 
a dream to his fellow. And he said, 
Behold, I dreamed a dream; and, lo, 
a cake of barley bread rolled itself 
into the camp of Midian, and came 
to the tent, and smote it that it fell, 
and overturned it, that the tent lay 
along. u And his fellow answered 
and said, This is no other than the 
sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a 
man of Israel. God has given Midian 
and all the camp into his hand. 

15 And it was so. when Gideon heard 
the telling of the dream and the in- 
terpretation of it, that he worshiped, 
and returned into the camp of Israel, 
and said, Arise, for Jehovah has given 
into your hand the camp of Midian. 



Ver. 13. The tent: the chief tent in the encampment, that of the chief in command. 

2 93 



JUDGES VIII 



16 And he divided the three hundred; 
men into three companies ; and he 
put a trumpet in every man's hand, ] 
and empty pitchers, and lamps within 
the pitchers. "And he said to them, 
Look on me, and do likewise ; and, 
behold, when I come to the limits of 
the camp, it shall be that, as I do, so 
shall ye do. 18 When I blow with a 
trumpet, I and all that are with me, 
then blow ye the trumpets also on 
every side of all the camp, and say, 
For Jehovah, and for Gideon. 

19 And Gideon, and the hundred 
men that were with him, came to the 
limits of the camp at the beginning of 
the middle night-watch; and they had 
but just set the watch. And they 
blew the trumpets, and broke the 
pitchers that were in their hands. 

20 And the three companies blew the 
trumpets, and broke the pitchers, and 
held the lamps in their left hands, 
and the trumpets in their right hands 
to blow with ; and they cried, The 
sword of Jehovah, and of Gideon. 

21 And they stood every man in his 
place round about the camp; and all 
the host ran, and cried out, and fled. 

22 And the three hundred blew the 
trumpets, and Jehovah set every man's 
sword against his fellow, throughout all 
the host. And the host fled to Beth- 
shittah in Zererath, and to the border 
of Abel-meholah, by Tabbath. 23 And 
the men of Israel came together, out 
of Naphtali, and out of Asher, and 
out of all Manasseh, and pursued after 
the Midianites. 

24 And Gideon sent messengers 
through all mount Ephraim, saying, 
Come down against the Midianites, 
and take from them the waters to Beth- ■ 
barah and the Jordan. And all the 
men of Ephraim came together, and 
took the waters to Beth-barah and the 
Jordan. 25 And they took two princes 
of Midian, Qreb and Zeeb. And they 



slew Oreb on the rock Oreb, and 
Zeeb they slew at the winepress of 
Zeeb, and pursued Midian. And they 
brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb 
to Gideon beyond the Jordan. 

CHAPTER VIII 

x And the men of Ephraim said to 
him, What is this thou hast done to 
us, that thou calledst us not, when 
thou wentest to fight with the Mid- 
ianites? And they did chide with 
him sharply. 2 And he said to them, 
What have I done now in comparison 
with you ? Are not the gleanings of 
Ephraim better than the vintage of 
Abi-ezer? 3 God has given into your 
hand the princes of Midian, Oreb and 
Zeeb; and what was I able to do in 
comparison with you ? Then their 
anger abated toward him when he 
said that. 

4 And Gideon came to the Jordan 
and passed over, he and the three 
hundred men that were with him ; 
faint, and pursuing. 5 And he said to 
the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, 
loaves of bread to the people that fol- 
low me; for they are faint, and I am 
pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, 
kings of Midian. 6 And the princes 
of Succoth said, Are the hands of 
Zebah and Zalmunna now in thy 
hand, that we should give bread to 
thine army? 7 And Gideon said, 
Therefore when Jehovah has given 
Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, 
then I will tear your flesh with the 
thorns of the wilderness, and with 
briars. 8 And he went up thence to 
Penuel, and spoke to them likewise. 
And the men of Penuel answered him 
as the men of Succoth had answered. 
9 And he spoke also to the men of 
Penuel, saying, When I come again 
in peace, I will break down this 
tower. 

10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna were 



294 



JUDGES VIII 



C<5 



in Karkor, and their hosts with them, | 
about fifteen thousand, all that were 
left of all the host of the sons of the 
east. And the fallen were a hundred 
and twenty thousand men that drew 
the sword. " And Gideon went up 
by the way of the dwellers in tents on 
the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and 
note the camp, while the camp was 
secure. 12 And Zebah and Zalmunna 
fled, and he pursued after them, and 

ok the two kings of Midian, Zebah 

d Zalmunna, and put all the camp 

fear. 

13 And Gideon the son of Joash re- 
urned from the battle, from the 

cent of Heres. u And he caught a 
oung man of the men of Succoth, 

d inquired of him. And he de- 

ribed to him the princes of Succoth 
and the elders thereof, seventy-seven 
men. l5 And he came to the men of 
Succoth, and said. Behold Zebah and 
Zalmunna, wherewith ye upbraided 
me, saying, Are the hands of Zebah 
and Zalmunna now in thy hand, that 
we should give bread to thy men that 
are weary? "And he took the elders 
of the city, and thorns of the wilder- 
ness, and briars, and with them he 
taught the men of Succoth. H And 
he beat down the tower of Penuel, 
and slew the men of the city. 

18 And he said to Zebah and Zal- 
munna, What manner of men were 
they whom ye slew at Tabor? And 
they answered. As thou art, so were 
they; each in form like the children 
of a king. 19 And he said, They were 
my brothers, the sons of my mother. 
As Jehovah lives, if ye had saved 
them alive I would not slay you. 
20 And he said to Jether his firstborn, 
Rise up, slay them. But the youth 
drew not his sword; for he feared, be- 
cause he was yet a youth. 21 And 



Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, 
and fall upon us; for as the man is, so 
is his strength. And Gideon arose, 
and slew Zeba and Zalmunna. And 
he took away the crescents that were 
on their camels' necks. 

22 And the men of Israel said to 
Gideon, Rule thou over us, both 
thou, and thy son, and thy son's son 
also. For thou hast saved us from 
the hand of Midian. 23 And Gideon 
said to them, I will not rule over 
you, nor shall my son rule over you; 
Jehovah shall rule over you. 

2 *And Gideon said to them, I will 
make a request of you; that ye give 
me every man the earrings of his prey. 
(For they had golden earrings ; for 
they were Ishmaelites). 25 And they 
answered, We will willingly give them. 
And they spread out a mantle, and 
cast therein every man the earrings of 
his prey. 26 And the weight of the 
golden earrings, which he requested, 
was a thousand and seven hundred 
shekels of gold; besides crescents, and 
ear-drops, and purple garments that 
were on the kings of Midian, and be- 
sides the collars that were about their 
camels' necks. 27 And Gideon made 
an ephod thereof, and put it in his 
city, in Ophrah. And all Israel went 
thither adulterously after it; and it 
became a snare to Gideon, and to his 
house. 

28 And Midian was subdued before 
the children of Israel, and they lifted 
up their heads no more. And the 
land had rest forty years in the days 
of Gideon. 

29 And Jerubbaal the son of Joash 
went and dwelt in his own house. 
30 And Gideon had seventy sons, that 
came forth from his loins; for he had 
many wives. 31 And his concubine 
that was in Shechem, she also bare 



Ver. 24. They had golden earrings : namely, the enemies, from whom the spoils were taken. 
Ver. "27. Ephod. The high priest's official garment, assumed by Gideon without warrant, withdrawing 
the people from the place selected by Jehovah for his worship. 

2 95 



JUDGES IX 



him a son, and he called his name 
Abimelech. 

"And Gideon the son of Joash 
died in a good old age, and was 
buried in the sepulchre of Joash his 
father, in Ophrah of the Abi-ezrites. 
33 And it came to pass, as soon as 
Gideon was dead, that the children of 
Israel turned again, and went adul- 
terously after the Baals, and made 
Baal-berith their God. 3 *And the 
children of Israel remembered not 
Jehovah their God, who had deliv- 
ered them out of the hand of all their 
enemies on every side. 35 Nor showed 
they kindness to the house of Jerub- 
baal, Gideon, according to all the 
goodness that he had shown to Israel. 

CHAPTER IX 

1 And Abimelech, the son of Jerub- 
baal, went to Shechem to the brothers 
of his mother, and spoke to them and 
to all the family of the house of his 
mother's father, saying, 2 Speak, I 
pray you, in the ears of all the men 
of Shechem, Which is better for you, 
that all the sons of Jerubbaal, seventy 
persons, reign over you, or that one 
reign over you ? And ye remember 
that I am your bone and your flesh. 
3 And the brothers of his mother spoke 
of him in the ears of all the men of 
Shechem all these words. And their 
heart inclined after Abimelech ; for 
they said, He is our brother. 4 And 
they gave him seventy pieces of silver 
out of the house of Baal-berith. And 
Abimelech hired therewith vain and 
reckless persons, who followed him. 
5 And he came to his father's house at 
Ophrah, and slew his brothers, the 
sons of Jerubbaal, seventy persons, ! 
upon one stone ; and there was left ! 

Ver. 33. Baal-berith : lord of covenants. 

Ver. 8. Would needs go : possessed with the idea that they could not do without a king, and must needs 
get one. The peculiar and expressive form of the Hebrew is overlooked in the common English version. 
Ver. 9. Wherewith by me : or, [I] in whom. 
Ver. 13. Cheers god and man. An idol god is meant. 
Ver. 17. Cast his life from him : adventured it, as a thing of no account. 

296 



Jotham, the youngest son of Jerub- 
baal, for he hid himself. 6 And all 
the men of Shechem came together, 
and all the dwellers in the castle, 
and went and made Abimelech king, 
by the monument-oak that was in 
Shechem. 

7 And it was made known to Jotham. 
And he went, and stood on the top of 
mount Gerizim, and lifted up his voice, 
and cried aloud, and said to them, 
Hearken to me, ye men of Shechem, 
that God may hearken to you. 8 The 
trees would needs go forth to anoint a 
king over them. And they said to 
the olive tree, Reign thou over us. 
9 And the olive tree said to them, 
Should I forsake my fatness, wherewith 
by me they honor God and man, and 
go to wave over the trees ? 10 And the 
trees said to the fig tree, Come thou, 
reign over us. u And the fig tree said 
to them, Should I forsake my sweet- 
ness, and my good fruit, and go to 
wave over the trees ? 12 And the trees 
said to the vine. Come thou, reign 
over us. 13 And the vine said to them, 
Should I forsake my new wine, which 
cheers god and man, and go to wave 
over the trees ? " And all the trees 
said to the bramble, Come thou, reign 
over us. 15 And the bramble said to 
the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king 
over you, come, take refuge in my 
shadow; and if not, let fire come out 
of the bramble, and devour the cedars 
of Lebanon. 16 And now, if ye have 
done truly and uprightly, in that ye 
have made Abimelech king, and if ye 
have dealt well with Jerubbaal and 
with his house, and have done to him 
according to the desert of his hands; 
17 (for that my father fought for you, 
and cast his life from him, and deliv- 



JUDGES IX 



ered you out of the hand of Midian; 
18 and ye have risen up against my 
father's house this day, and have slain 
his sons, seventy persons, upon one 
stone, and have made Abimelech, the 
son of his maid-servant, king - over the 
men of Shechem, because he is your 
brother;) 19 if ye then have dealt truly 
and uprightly with Jerubbaal and with 
his house this day, then rejoice ye in 
Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in 
you; 20 and if not, let fire come out 
from Abimelech, and devour the men 
of Shechem, and the dwellers in the 
castle, and let fire come out from the 
men of Shechem, and from the dwell- 
ers in the castle, and devour Abime- 
lech. 21 And Jotham ran away, and 
fled, and went to Beer, and dwelt 
there, for fear of Abimelech his brother. 

22 And Abimelech reigned three 
years over Israel. 23 And God sent 
an evil spirit between Abimelech and 
the men of Shechem. And the men 
of Shechem dealt treacherously with 
Abimelech; 24 that the violence done 
to the seventy sons of Jerubbaal might 
come, and their blood be laid upon 
Abimelech their brother, who slew 
them, and upon the men of Shechem, 
who strengthened his hands to slay his 
brothers. 25 And the men of Shechem 
set Hers-in-wait for him in the tops of 
the mountains ; and they robbed all 
that passed by them on the way. And 
it was told Abimelech. 

26 And Gaal, the son of Ebed, came 
with his brothers, and passed over to 
Shechem. And the men of Shechem 
confided in him. 27 And they went 
out into the fields, and gathered their 
vineyards, and trod the grapes, and 
held merry festivals, and went into the 
house of their god, and ate and drank, 
and curse