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Full text of "The Holy Bible : containing the Old and New Covenant, commonly called the Old and New Testament"









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THE 

HOLY BIBLE, 

CONTAINING 

THE OLD AND NEW COVENANT, 

COMMONLY CALLED 

THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT: 

TRANSLATED 

FROM THE GREEK. 



BY CHARLES THOMSON, 

Late Secretary to the Congress of the United States. 



PHILADELPHIA .• 

PRINTED BY JANE AITKEN, No. 71, 

NORTH THIRD STREET. 
1808. 



DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA, το wit : 

####### # BE IT REMEMBERED, That an the twelfth day of September, 

# # in the thirty third year of the Independence of the United States of 

\ SEAL. % America, A. D. 1808. Charles Thomson and Ebenezer Hazard, of the 
######## said District, have deposited in this Office, the Title of a Book, the 
Right whereof they claim as Proprietors, in the words following, to Haiti 

" The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Covenant, commonly called the 
" Old and New Testament : translated from the Greek. By Charles Thomson, late 
" Secretary to the Congress of the United States." 

In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, intituled, "An 
Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts, and 
Books, to the• Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the times therein men- 
tioned." And also to the Act, entitled "An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled, 
" An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts, 
and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the times therein 
mentioned," and extending the benefits thereof to the Arts of designing, engraving, 
and etching historical and other prints." 

D. CALDWELL, Clerk of the 

District of Pennsylvania. 



THE 



OLD COVENANT, 



COMMONLY CALLED 



THE OLD TESTAMENT: 



TRANSLATED FROM 



THE SEPTUAGINT. 



By CHARLES THOMSON, 

Late Secretary to the Congress of the United States. 



VOL. II. 



PHILADELPHIA .• 

PRINTED BY JANE AITKEN, No. 71, 

NORTH THIRD STREET. 
1808. 



Ch. I. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

I. NOW after the death of Saul when David returned from 

2 the slaughter of the Amelekites, and had been at Sekelak two 
days, behold there came a man, on the third day, from the 
camp — from the people of Saul with his clothes rent, and earth 
on his head, and when he came to David he fell on the ground, 

3 and made obeisance to him. And David said to him, Whence 
comest thou? And he replied, I have escaped from the camp 

4 of Israel. Thereupon David said to him, What is the news? 
Tell me. And when he said, The people fled from the battle, 
and many of the people have fallen, and died; Saul also is dead, 

5 and his son Jonathan; David said to the young man who told 
him, How knowest thou that Saul and his son Jonathan are 

6 dead ? And the young man who told him said, By accident I 
happened to be on mount Gelbua, and behold Saul was lean- 

7 ing on his spear ; and lo ! the chariots and horsemen were close 
upon him; and when he looked back and saw me, he called me: 

8 and I said, Here I am. Then he said to me, Who art thou? 

9 and I said, I am an Amelekite. Then he said to me, Stand over 
me, I pray thee, and kill me ; for I am seized with a gloomy 

10 horror, because all my life is in me. So I went up to him and 
killed him, for I am sure he could not live after he fell; and I 
took the crown which was on his head, and the bracelet which 

11 was on his arm, and have brought them here to my lord. Then 
David took hold of his garments, and rent them, and all the 

12 men who were with him rent their garments, and beat their 
breasts, and wept, and fasted till evening for Saul, and for Jo- 
nathan his son, and for the people of Juda, and for the house 

13 of Israel, because they had been smitten with the sword. And 
David said to the young man who told him, Whence ait thou ? 

14 And he said, I am the son of a stranger — an Amelekite. And 
David said to him, How couldst thou not be afraid to lift up 

15 thy hand to kill the Lord's anointed. Then David called one 
of his young men and said, Go near and fall upon him. So he 

16 smote him that he died. And David said to him, Thy blood be 
upon thy own head, for thy own mouth hath testified against 
thee, saying, I have slain the anointed of the Lord. 

17 Then David sung this funereal Ode over Saul, and over Jo- 
nathan his son, and gave orders that the children of Juda should 

18 learn it. Behold it is written in the book Straight-, 

vol. it. \ 



Ch. II. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

19 Erect, Ο Israel, a monument for the dead — 
For the slain on thy lofty mountains. 

How are the mighty fallen! 

20 Proclaim not ye the news in Geth — 

Tell it not as good news in the streets of Ascalon ; 
Lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice — 
Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised exult with joy. 

21 On you, mountains of Gelbua, let not dew descend — 
On you, let there be no rain, nor fields of first fruit offer 

ings! 
For there the shield of the mighty was battered — 
The shield of Saul. Was he not anointed with oil? 

22 From the blood of the wounded — 
From the fat of the mighty, 

The bow of Jonathan recoiled not empty — 
The sword of Saul bended not in vain. 

23 Saul and Jonathan were beloved — 
They were" lovely and inseparable; 

Comely in their life — 
And in their death they were not divided. 

Than eagles they were swifter — 
And than lions more courageous. 

24 Ο daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, 
Who adorned your dress with scarlet — 
Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel. 

25 How are the mighty fallen ! 

In the midst of the battle, Jonathan! 
On thy lofty mountains slain ! 

26 I mourn for thee, my brother Jonathan, 
To me thou wast very lovely. 

Thy love for me was wonderful — 
Far surpassing the love of women. 

27 How are the mighty fallen ! 
And the weapons of war perished ! 

II. Now after these things David inquired of the Lord saying. 
May I go up to one of the cities of Juda? And the Lord said 
to him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go? And he 
said, To Chebron. So David went up to Chebron, with his 
I \\ ο wives, Anhinaam the Jesraelitess, and Abiscak late the wife 



Ch. II. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

3 of Nabal, the Carmelite, and the men who were with him, every 
one with his household, and they dwelt in the cities of Che- 

4 bron. And the men of Judea came, and anointed David there, 

5 to be king over the house of Juda. And when they told Da- 
vid, saving, The men of Jabis Galaad have buried Saul, Da- 
vid sent messengers to the leaders of Jabis Galaad, and said 
unto them, Blessed are ye of the Lord, because you have 
shewn this kindness for your lord ; for Saul, the anointed of the 

6 Lord ; and have buried him and his son Jonathan. Now there- 
fore may the Lord deal mercifully and truly with you ! As for 
me I will recompense you for this kindness, because you have 

7 done this thing. Now therefore let your hands be strengthened, 
and be ye valiant ; for Saul your lord is dead, and the house of 
J uda have anointed me to be king over them. 

8 But Abenner, son of Ner, Saul's captain general, took Je- 
bosthc, the son of Saul, and brought him from the camp to 

9 Manaem, and made him king over Galaaditis, and over Tha- 
siri, and over Jezrael, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, 

10 and over all Israel. Jebosthe the son of Saul, was forty years 
old when, he began to reign over Israel, and when he had 
reigned two years, (except over the house of Juda who fol- 
lowed David ; now the time which David reigned at Chebron 

12 over the house of Juda was seven years and six months) 
Abenner, son of Ner, and the servants of Jebosthe, son of Saul, 
came out from Manaem to Gabaon ; and Joab, son of Sa- 

13 ruia, and the servants of David went out from Chebron, and 
they met each other at the pool of Gabaon, and sat down one 
on one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the 

14 pool. And Abenner said to Joab, let the young men, I pray 

15 thee, arise and shew feats before us. And Joab said, let them 
arise. Then there arose, and went over by number, twelve 
Benjaminites who were for Jebosthe, son of Saul, and twelve 

16 of the servants of David; and they seized, every one with his 
hand, the head of his fellow, and plunged each his sword into 
his adversary's side, and fell together. So the name of that 
place was called, Portion of ill designs. It is near Gabaon. And 

17 the battle became very furious that day. And Abenner, with the 
men of Israel, retreated before the servants of David. Now there 

18 were there three sons of Saruia, Joab, and Abessa and Asael. 



Ch. III. IL KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

19 And Asael was swift of foot as a wild roe. And Asael pursu- 
ed Abenner, and turned not aside to the right, nor to the left 

20 from following him. And Abenner looked back and said, Art 

21 thou Asael? And he said, I am. Then Abenner said to him, 
Turn thee to the right, or to the left, and lay hold on one of the 
young men, and take his armour. But Asael would not turn 

22 aside from following him. And Abenner again said to Asael, 
Desist from following me, that I may not smite thee to the 
ground. For how then could I hold up my face to Joab? And 

23 what do these things tend to? Return to thy brother Joab. 
But he would not desist. So Abenner smote him with a back 
stroke of his spear, into the loin, and the spear passed quite 
through him, and he fell there and died under him. And eve- 
ry one who came to the place where Asael fell and died, stood 

24 still. But Joab and Abessa continued the pursuit after Aben- 
ner, and as the sun was setting they had got as far as the hill 
Amman, which is in front of Gai, on the way to the wilderness 

25 of Gabaon. And the Benjaminites who followed Abenner 
crouded together, and having formed themselves into one 

26 body, they stood on the summit of a hill. Then Abenner call- 
ed to Joab, and said, Must the sword devour to a complete 
victory? Knowest thou not that in the last extremity it will be 
very bitter? How long shall it be ere thou command the peo- 

27 pie to return from pursuing our brethren? Whereupon Joab 
said, As the Lord liveth, but for thy speech the people might, 
from the morning, have gone up every one from the pursuit of 

28 his brother. Then Joab sounded a trumpet and the people halt- 

29 ed, and did not pursue Israel, nor continue the battle longer. And 
Abenner and his men bent their course homeward that whole 
night, and having crossed the Jordan and passed over the ad- 

30 joining plain, they came to the camp. And when Joab returned 
from pursuing Abenner, and had assembled all the people, 
there were missing of David's servants nineteen men, including 

31 Asael. But the servants of David had smitten of the children 
of Benjamin, even of Abenner's men, three hundred and sixty. 

32 Then they took up Asael, and buried him in his father's tomb 
at Bethlehem. And Joab and the men who were with him, 
marched all night, and arrived at Chebron by break of day. 

III. Though the war was lengthened out between the house 



Ch. III. Π. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

of Saul and the house of David, yet the house of David grew 
stronger and stronger, but the house of Saul grew weaker and 

2 weaker. For David had sons born to him in Chebron. His 
first born was Amnon, the son of Achinaam,the Jezraelitess ; 

3 and his second, Daluia, the son of Abigaia, the Carmelite, and 
his third, Abessalom, the son of Maacha, a daughter of Thol- 

4 mi, king of Gessir, and his fourth, Omia, the son of Aggith, 

5 and the fifth, Saphatia, the son of Abital, and the sixth Je- 

6 theraam, the son of Aigal, a wife of David. These were born 
to David at Chebron. But while the war continued between 
the house of Saul and the house of David, Abenner got a 

7 mastery over the house of Saul. Now Saul had a concubine 
named Respha, a daughter of Jol. And Jebosthe the son of 
Saul, said to Abenner, Why hast thou gone in to my father's 

8 concubine? For this Abenner was exceedingly enraged at 
Jebosthe, and said to him, Am I a dog's head? Have I now 
dealt kindly with the house of Saul, thy father, and with his 
brethren, and relations, and not gone over to the house of Da- 
vid, and dost thou question me now respecting an injury done 

9 to a woman ? God do so to Abenner and more also, if, as the 

10 Lord hath sworn to David, I do not do so to him, to take the 
kingdom from the house of Saul, and set up the throne of 

11 David over Israel and over Juda, from Dan to Bersabee. So 
Jebosthe could no more controul Abenner in any thing, be- 

12 cause he was afraid of him. Then Abenner sent messengers 

ο 

to David at Thailam where he was, in all haste, saying, Make 
a covenant with me, and behold my hand shall be with thee, to 

13 bring over all the house of Israel to thee. On which David 
said, Well. I will make a covenant with thee. But one thins: 
I require of thee, and declare that thou shalt not see my face, 
unless thou bring Melchol the daughter of Saul, when thou 

14 comest to see me. Then David sent messengers to Jebosthe, 
son of Saul, saying, Restore me my wife Melchol, whom I es 
poused at the price of a hundred foreskins of the Philistines. 

15 And Jebosthe sent, and took her from her husband, from Phal- 

16 tiel son of Sella; . and her husband came with her, weeping be- 

1 7 hind her, till they came to Barakim, Then Abenner said to him. 
Go, return. So he returned. And Abenner spoke to the elders 
of Israel, saying, Heretofore you sought to make David king 



Ch. III. 11. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

18 over you; now therefore do it; for the Lord hath spoken con- 
cerning David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I 
will save Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of 

19 the hand of all their enemies. Abenner spoke also in the ears of 
Benjamin. And Abenner came to Chebron, to communicate to 
David what seemed good in the sight of Israel, and in the sight 

20 of the house of Benjamin. And when Abenner came to David 
at Chebron, and twenty men with him, David made an entertain- 

21 ment for Abenner, and the men with him. Then Abenner said 
to David, Let me, I pray thee, arise and go, and I will assem- 
ble all Israel before my lord the king, and make a covenant 
with him, and thou shalt reign over all that thy heart desireth. 

22 So David dismissed Abenner, and he departed in peace. Now 
behold David's servants, and Joab, were returning from an ex- 
pedition, and bringing with them a great spoil ; and Abenner 
was not with David at Chebron, for David had sent him away, 

23 and he was gone in peace. So when Joab and all his army ar- 
rived, and they told Joab, saying, Abenner, son of Ner, came 

24 to David, and he hath sent him away, and he has gone in peace, 
Joab went to the king, and said, What is this thou hast done? 

25 Behold Abenner came to thee ! Why then hast thou sent him 
away? And he is gone in peace? Dost thou not know the 
wickedness of Abenner son of Ner — that he came to deceive 
thee, and to know thy going out and thy coming in — and to 

26 know all that thou art doing ? Then Joab went out from Da- 
vid, and sent messengers after Abenner, and they brought him 

27 back from the well of Seeiram, but David knew it not. And 
when Abenner returned to Chebron, Joab took him aside in the 
gate to speak to him, and watching an opportunity, smote him 
there in the groin, and he died, for the blood of Asael the brother 

28 of Joab. And when David afterward heard, he said, Guiltless am 
I and my kingdom, before the Lord for ever, from the blood 

29 of Abenner, son of Ner. Let it fall on the head of Joab, and on 
all his father's house ! And may there never be wanting of the 
house of Joab, a person afflicted with a gonorrhea, or a leprosy, 
or one leaning on a staff, or falling by the sword, or lacking 

50 bread! Now Joab and his brother Abessa, bore a grudge 

against Abenner, because he had slain their brother Asael in 

31 the battle at Gabaon. Then David said to Joab, and to all the 



Ch. IV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

people who were with him, Rend your garments and gird on 
sackcloth, and utter lamentations before Abenner. And king Da- 
vid walked after the bier, and they buried Abenner at Chebron. 

32 And the king wept aloud over his grave, and all the people wept 

33 over Abenner. And the king chanted a funeral song over 
Abenner, and said, 

As dieth a criminal should Abenner die ? 
Thy hands were not bound with chains; 
Nor thy feet with fetters. 
He did not bring thee forth as a criminal ; 
Before sons of wickedness thou hast fallen — 

35 Now all the people had been assembled to bewail him ; and 
when all the people came to induce David to eat the funeral bread 
while it was yet day, David swore, saying, God do so to me 
and more also, if I taste bread, or any thing else, till the sun is 

36 set. And when the people knew this, they were well pleased 

37 with all that the king did before the people. And all the peo- 
ple, and all Israel, that day perceived that the putting Abenner 

38 son of Ner to death, did not proceed from the king. For the 
king said to his servants, Do you not know that a great leader 

39 hath this day fallen in Israel; and that though I am a relation, 
and constituted a king, yet these sons of Saruia are too hard for 
me ? The Lord retribute to the doer of evil according to his 
wickedness ! 

IV. When Jebosthe son of Saul, heard that Abenner, son 
of Ner, was dead at Chebron, his hands were enfeebled, and 

2 all the men of Israel were dismayed. Now Jebosthe, son of 
Saul, had two captains of bands. The name of the one was 
Baana, and the name of the other Rechab. They were sons of 

3 Remmon, the Berothite, of the children of Benjamin, for Be- 
roth had been assigned to the Benjaminites, and the Berothites 
had fled to Gothaim, and have continued to sojourn there even 

4 to this day. And Jonathan, son of Saul, had a son, who was 
lame in both his feet. He was five years old when the news of 
Saul and of his son Jonathan came from Jezrael, and his nurse- 
took him up and fled, and as she was hasting to carry him oft', he 
happened to fall, and became lame so he was called Memphi- 
bosthe. 

5 And the sons of Remmon. the Berothite. Reehab. and 



Ch. V. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

Baana, set out, and came in the heat of the day to the 
house of Jebosthe, while he was sleeping on his couch at noon. 

6 Now behold the door keeper of his house had been cleaning 
wheat, and being drowsy, had fallen asleep. So Rechab and 

7 Baana, the brothers, escaped notice, and went into the house, 
while Jebosthe was asleep on his couch in his bed chamber. 
And they smote him, and killed him, and cut oft* his head. And 
they took his head, and travelled all night, by the way leading 
westward, and brought the head of Jebosthe to David at Che- 

8 bron, and said to the king, Behold here is the head of Jebosthe 
son of Saul thine enemy, who sought thy life ; but the Lord hath 
executed vengeance for our lord the king on his enemies as at 

9 this day — on Saul thine enemy, and on his seed. Whereupon 
David answered Rechab, and Baana his brother, the sons of 

10 Remmon, the Berothite, and said to them, As the Lord liveth 
who hath redeemed my soul from all affliction, when one told 
me that Saul was dead, and thought himself a messenger of 
good news to me, I apprehended him, and slew him at Seke- 
lak, though he thought himself entitled to a reward from me 

11 for his good news. But now wicked men have slain a righte- 
ous person, in his house, upon his bed. Now therefore 
I will avenge his blood on you and cut you off from the 

12 earth. Then David gave orders to his servants, and they in- 
stantly slew them, and cut oft' their hands, and their feet, and 
hanged them up by the pool of Chebron. And they buried 
the head of Jebosthe in the grave of Abenner son of Ner. 

V. Then all the tribes of Israel came to David to Chebron 

2 and said to him, Behold we are thy bone and thy flesh. Here- 
tofore, while Saul was king over us, It was thou who didst 
lead out and bring in Israel; and the Lord said to thee, Thou 
shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over my 

3 people Israel. And when all the elders of Israel came to Da- 
vid to Chebron, king David made a covenant with them at 
Chebron, before the Lord, and they anointed David to be king 
over all Israel. 

4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and 

5 he reigned forty years. Seven years and six months he reign- 
ed at Chebron over Juda, and he reigned thirty three years, 
over all Israel and Juda, at Jerusalem. 



Ch. V. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL* 

6 When David and his men went to Jerusalem, to the Jebusites 
who inhabited that land, it was said to David, Thou shalt not 
come here ; for the blind and the lame are opposed to it, saying, 

7 David shall not come here. So when David took the fortress, Zi- 

8 on, the same is the city of David, on that day David said, 
Whoever smiteth the Jebusites, let him also dispatch with a 
dagger those lame and those blind, even them who hate the soul 
of David : for this cause they say, The blind and the lame shall 

9 not come into the house of the Lord. And David made his 
abode in the fort, so it was called the city of David. And Da- 

10 vid built the city, around the citadel and his own house. And 
David advanced in prosperity, and grandeur, and the Lord 

11 Almighty was with him. And Chiram, king of Tyre, sent 
messengers to David, with cedar timber, and carpenters, and 
masons, and they built a house for David. 

12 When Da\ id perceived that the Lord had prepared him 
to be king over Israel, and that his kingdom was exalted for 

13 the sake of his people Israel, David took still more wives and 
concubines out of Jerusalem, after he came from Chebron. 
And David had still more sons and daughters born to him. 

14 Now these are the names of those who were born to him in 
Jerusalem. Sammus, and Sobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, 
and Ebear, and Elisue, and Naphek, and Jephies, and Elisa- 
ma, and Elidae, and Eliphalath, Samae, Jesibath, Nathan, 
Galamaan, Jebar, Theesus, Eliphalat, Naged, Naphek, Jona- 
than, Leasamus, Baalimath, Eliphaath. 

17 When the Philistines heard that David was anointed king 
over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and when 

18 David heard he went down to the fort. And the Philistines 
came, and made an irruption into the valley of the Titans. 

19 Whereupon David inquired of the Lord saying, Shall I go up 
against the Philistines ? Wilt thou deliver them into my 
hands? And the Lord said to David, Go up ; for I will assuredly 

20 deliver the Philistines into thy hands. So David went out 
through Upper breaks, and smote the Philistines there- Where- 
upon David said, The Lord broke through the Philistine 
enemies before me, as waters burst through mounds. For this 

21 cause the name of that place, was called Upper breaks. And 

VOL. II. " Β 



Ch. VI. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

there they left their gods ; and David and the men who were 
with him took them. 

22 Again the Philistines proceeded to come up, and made 

23 another irruption into the valley of the Titans. And when Da- 
vid inquired of the Lord, the Lord said, Thou shalt not go up 
to meet them in front. Wheel about from them, and come 

24 upon them near Wailing. And when thou nearest the sound 
of a rustling in the grove of Wailing, then thou shalt go down 
against them ; for the Lord will then go out before thee, to 

25 smite in the battle of the Philistines. And David did as the 
Lord commanded him, and smote the Philistines from Gaba- 
on to the land of Gazera. 

VL Again David assembled all the young men of Israel, about 

2 seventy thousand. And David arose, and set out on his march, 
he and all the people with him, and some of the chiefs of Juda, 
to bring up thence the ark of God, which is called by the name 
of the Lord of hosts enthroned on the cherubims, which are on 

3 it. And having put the ark of the Lord in anew car, they brought 
it from the house of Am'madab, who dwelt on the mount. 
And Oza, and his brothers the sons of Aminadab, led the 

4 car with the ark. His brothers marched before the ark. And 

5 David and the Israelites played on high toned instruments 
of music, accompanied with songs, and on kinyras and on 
nablas, and on tympanums, and on cymbals, and on harps. 

6 But when they came to the threshing floor of Nachor, Oza 
stretched forth his hand upon the ark of God to stay it, and 

7 took hold of it, because the young bull shook it. And the an- 
ger of the Lord was kindled against Oza, and he smote him 

8 there, by the ark of the Lord, in the presence of God. Now 
David was disheartened because the Lord had broke out 

9 upon Oza, and that place is to this day called Breach of Oza; 
and David was afraid of the Lord that day, saying, How shall 

10 the ark cf the Lord come to me ? So David was not willing 
that the ark of the covenant of the Lord should turn aside to 
him, into the city of David, and David caused it to turn aside 

11 to the house of Abcddara, the Gethite. And the ark of the Lord 
abode in the house of Abcddara the Gethite three months, and 
the Lord blessed the whole house of Abeddara, and all belong- 

12 ing to him. And when they told king David saying, The Lord 



Ch. VII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

hath blessed the hou?e of Abeddara, and all belonging to him, 
on account of the ark of God, David went and brought up the 
ark of the Lord out of the house of Abeddara, into the city of 

13 David, with rejoicing. Now there were with him seven choirs 
carrying the ark, and for a sacrifice a young bull and lambs. 

14 And David played on well tuned instruments of music be- 
fore the Lord; and David having put on an unusual robe, he, 

15 and all the house of Israel, brought up the ark of the Lord, 

16 with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet. And as the 
ark was entering the city of David, Melchol the daughter of 
Saul looked out at a window, and saw king David dancing, and 

17 playing before the Lord, and despised him in her heart. So 
they brought the ark of the Lord, and when they had set it in 
its place, in the middle of the tabernacle, which David had 
erected for it, David offered whole burnt offerings before the 

18 Lord, and peace offerings. And when David had made an end 
of offering the whole burnt offerings, and the peace offerings, 
he blessed the people in the name of the Lord of hosts, and 

19 distributed to all the people through the whole host of Israel, 
from Dan to Bersabec, both to the men and women, to every 
one a piece of bread, and a piece of roasted meat, and a sweet 
cake baked in the pan. Then all the people departed, every 
one to his house, and David returned to salute his house- 

20 hold. And Melchol the daughter of Saul came out to meet 
David, and when she had saluted him, she said, How was 
the king of Israel glorified to-day in the eyes of his maid ser- 

21 vants, disrobed as he was like one of the dancers ! Where- 
upon David said to Melchol, I will dance before the Lord. 
Blessed be the Lord, who hath chosen me in preference to 
thy father, and in preference to all his house, to make me ru- 

22 ler over his people, over Israel. Wherefore I will play and 
dance before the Lord, and I will again disrobe myself in the 
same manner, though I should be despicable in thy sight, and 
with the maidens, by whom thou hast intimated that I am not 

23 honoured. Hence Melchol the daughter of Saul had no child 
to the day of her death. 

VII. Now when the king was settled in his house, and the 
2 Lord had given him rest on every side, from all his enemies 
round about, the king said to Nathan the prophet, Behold I- 



Ch, VII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth in the 
3 midst of the tabernacle. Upon which Nathan said to the king, 

Whatever may be in thy heart, go and do ; for the Lord is 
•4 with thee. But that night a word of the Lord came to 

5 Nathan saying, Go and say to my servant David, Thus 
saith the Lord, Art not thou to build me a house to dwell in? 

6 Because I did not dwell in a house from the day I brought the 
children of Israel out of Egypt even to this day, but continued 
Walking about in a temporary abode and in a tabernacle in all the 

7 places through which I passed with all Israel, did I ever speak 
to any tribe of Israel whom I commanded to feed my people 
Israel, and say, Why have you not built for me a house of cedar? 

8 But now, thus shalt thou say to my servant David, Thus saith 
the Lord Almighty, I took thee from the sheepcot to be ruler 

9 over my people — over Israel; and I have been with thee 
whithersoever thou didst go, and have destroyed all thine ene- 
mies from before thee, and made thee renowned according to 

10 the renown of the great men on the earth ; and I will appoint a 
place for my people Israel, and plant them, and they shall dwell 
by themselves, and shall no more be in trouble; nor shall a 
son of wickedness any more humble them as heretofore, from 

11 the days I appointed judges over my people Israel: and I will 
give thee rest from all thine enemies, and the Lord will tell 

12 thee that thou art to build a house for him. And it shall come 
to pass when thy days are fulfilled and thou shalt sleep with 
thy fathers, that I will raise up after thee the seed of thee who 
shall spring from thy loins, and I will establish his kingdom. 

13 He shall build a house for my name, and I will raise up again 

14 his throne for ever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to 
me a son. And when his iniquity shall come, I will correct 
him with a rod of men, and with scourges of the children of 

15 men, but I will not withdraw my mercy from him as I with- 

16 drew it from them whom I removed from my presence. His 
house and his kingdom shall be established for ever before 
me and his throne shall be raised up again for ever. 

17 According to all these words and according to all this vi- 

18 sion, so did Nathan speak to David. Whereupon king David 
went in and sat down before the Lord, and said, Who am I, 
Ο Lord, my Lord ! and what is my house that thou hast loved 



Ch. VIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

19 me to such a degree! Though I was contemptibly little be- 
fore thee, Ο Lord, my Lord ! yet thou hast spoken respecting 
the house of thy servant for a great while to come. With regard 
to this law of the man, Ο Lord, my Lord! what more shall 

20 David presume to say to thee? Now then, thou, Ο Lord, my 

21 Lord! knowest thy servant, and on account of thy servant 
thou hast done, and according to thine own heart hast made 
all this greatness in order to make known to thy servant with 

22 respect to the magnifying of thee, Ο my Lord ! that there is 
none like thee, and that there is not a god besides thee among 

23 all that we have heard of with our ears. Moreover what other 
nation is there on the earth like thy people Israel? How hath 
God gone before them to redeem a people for himself — to 
make thyself a name — to display majesty and an appearance of 
deity — to drive out from before thy people, whom thou hadst 

24 redeemed for thyself out of Egypt, nations and wandering 
hordes! Thou indeed preparedst for thyself thy people Israel to 

25 be a people for ever, and thou, Ο Lord! wast their God. Now 
therefore, Ο my Lord, confirm the word which thou hast 
spoken concerning thy servant and his house, confirm it ever- 

26 lastingly, Ο Lord Almighty, Ο God of Israel. And now as thou 
hast spoken let thy name be magnified for ever. 

27 Ο Lord Almighty, Ο God of Israel, thou hast made a reve- 
lation to thy servant, saying, I am to build a house for thee; 
therefore thy servant hath found this disposition of his heart 

28 to make this prayer to thee. And now, Ο Lord, my Lord, 
Thou art God, and thy words will be true, and thou hast 

29 spoken these good things respecting thy servant, now then be- 
gin and bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for 
ever before thee. Since thou Ο Lord, my Lord, hast spoken, 
therefore with thy blessing, let the house of thy servant be bless- 
ed, that it may continue for ever. 

VIII. After this David smote the Philistines, and subdued 
them, and took the country, appurtenant to the cities, out of 

2 the hand of the Philistines. David also smote Moab, and mea- 
sured them with lines, having caused them to dwell in the 
country, and there were two lines to be put to death, and two 
lines to be saved alive. So Moab became servants to David, 

3 and brought him gifts. David also smote Adraazar, son of 



Ch. VIII. Π. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

Raab king of Suba. As he was going to establish his autho- 

4 rity over the river Euphrates, David intercepted a thousand 
of his chariots, and seven thousand cavalry, and twenty thou- 
sand infantry ; and David destroyed all the chariots, except 

5 one hundred which he reserved for himself. And when Syria 
of Damascus came to assist Adraazar king of Suba, David 

6 smote of the Syrians twenty two thousand men, and David plac- 
ed a garrison in Syria at Damascus, and the Syrians became ser- 

7 vants to David and brought him gifts. So the Lord preserved 
David withersoever he went. And David took the breast- 
plates of gold, which were on the servants of Adraazar, king 
of Suba and brought them to Jerusalem. Now these were they 
which Susakim king of Egypt took when he came up against 

8 Jerusalem, in the days of Roboam son of Solomon. And from 
Metebak, and from the principal cities of Adraazar, king 
David took brass in great abundance, of which Solomon made 
the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the lavers, and all the ves- 

9 sels of brass. And when Thoou, the king of Emath, heard 
that David had smitten all the army of Adraazar, Thoou sent 
his son Jedduram to king David to salute him courteously, 

10 and congratulate him for having fought Adraazar, and smitten 
him; for he was at enmity with Adraazar. And Jedduram 
brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and 

11 vessels of brass. And king David dedicated these to the Lord, 
with the silver and the gold which he had dedicated out of 

12 all the cities which he had subdued — Out of Idumea and 
Moab, and the children of Ammon, and the Philistines, and 
Amelek, and the spoils of Adraazar, son of Raab king of Su- 

13 ba. Thus David made himself renowned. And when he re- 
turned, he smote of the Idumeans at Gebelim, to the number 

14 of eighteen thousand, and placed garrisons in Idumea, through- 
out the whole extent of it. So all the Idumeans became servants 
to the king. And the Lord preserved David whithersoever 

15 he went. And David reigned over all Israel. And David ex- 

16 ecuted judgment and justice over all his people. And Joab 
son of Saruia was at the head of the army, and Josaphat son 

17 of Achilud was recorder, and Sadok, son of Achitob, and 
Achimelech son of Abiathar, were priests ; and Sasa was the 

18 scribe ; and Banaias son of Jodae was counsellor; and the Che- 



Ch. IX. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

lethites, and the Phelethites, and David's sons, were the pa- 
lace guards. 
IX. And David said, Is there any yet left of the house of Saul, that 

2 I may shew him kindness for Jonathan's sake ? Now there was 
a servant of the house of Saul, whose name was Siba. So 
they called him to David. And the king said to him, Art thou 

3 Siba ? And he said, I am thy servant. Then the king said to 
him, Is there any man yet left of the house of Saul, that I may 
treat him with all the kindness possible ? And when Siba said 

4 to the king, There is still a son of Jonathan who is disabled 
in his feet, the king said to Siba, Where is he ? And Siba 
said to the king, Behold at the house of Machir, son of Amiel 

5 of Lodabar. Thereupon king David sent for him from the 

6 house of Machir, son of Amiel of Lodabar. And when Mem- 
phibosthe son of Jonathan, son of Saul was brought before 
king David, he fell on his face, and made obeisance to him. 
And when David said to him, Memphibosthe ! He said, Here 

7 am I thy servant. Then David said to him, Fear not ; for 
I will indeed deal kindly with thee, for Jonathan thy father's 
sake, and restore thee all the fields of Saul thy grandfather, 

8 and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually. Upon which 
Memphibosthe bowed down, and said, Who am I thy ser- 
vant, that thou shouldst look on such a dead dog as I am ? 

9 Then the king called Siba, the servant of Saul, and said to 
him, All that belong to Saul and his house I have given to thy 

10 master's son. Therefore work thou the land for him ; both 
thou and thy sons, and thy servants ; and thou shalt bring in 
provisions for thy master's son, that he may have bread to 
eat. And Memphibosthe, thy master's son, shall eat bread 
continually at my table. Now Siba had fifteen sons, and twen- 

11 ty servants. And Siba said to the king, According to all that 
the king hath commanded his servant, so will thy servant do, 

12 So Memphibosthe ate at David's table, like one of the king's 
sons; and Memphibosthe had a young son whose name was 
Mieha; and all the family of the house of Siba were servants 

13 of Memphibosthe. And Memphibosthe dwelt at Jerusalem, 
for he ate continually at the king's table, and was lame in both 
his feet. — 



Ch. Χ. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

X. Now after this the king of the Ammonites died, and An- 

2 non his son reigned in his stead. Whereupon David said, I 
will shew kindness to Annon, son of Naas, as his father shew- 
ed kindness to me. So David sent his servants to comfort 

3 him for the death of his father. But when David's servants 
came to the land of the Ammonites, the chiefs of the children 
of Ammon said to Annon their lord, Is it to honour thy father 
in thy presence, that David hath sent thee comforters ? Is it 
not rather that they may examine the city and view it ? It is 
indeed for the purpose of spying it, that David hath sent these 

4 servants of his to thee. Upon this Annon took David's servants, 
and shaved their beards, and cut off one half of their upper gar- 

5 ments, even up to the loins, and sent them away. And when 
David was informed touching his men, he sent to meet them, 
for the men had been greatly dishonoured, and the king said, 

6 Tarry at Jericho till your beards grow, and then return. Now 
when the children of Ammon saw that David's people were 
dishonoured, they sent, and hired the Syrians of Baithraam, 
and the Syrians of Suba and Roob, twenty thousand infantry, 
and of the king of Amelek, a thousand men, and of Istob 

7 twelve thousand men. And when David heard it, he sent out 

8 Joab, and all the army, even all the mighty men. And the chil- 
dren of Ammon came out and drew up for battle before the 
gate of the city ; and the Syrians of Suba, and Roob, with Is- 

9 tob, and Amelek, were by themselves in the fields. When Jo- 
ab saw that there was a front of battle against him both before 
and behind, he made a draught from among all the youth of 
Israel, and set them in array against the Syrians, and he com- 

40 mitted the residue of the people to his brother Abessa; and 

11 they drew up in array against the children of Ammon. And 
Joab said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, you must come 
to my assistance ; and if the children of Ammon be too strong 

12 for thee, we will come to save thee. Act manfully, and let us 
shew our courage for our people and for the cities of our God. 

13 And the Lord will do what is good in his sight. Then Joab, 
and all his people with him, advanced to battle against the Sy- 

14 rians, and they fled before him. And when the Ammonites 
saw that the Syrians fled, they also fled before Abessa, and 
entered the city. Whereupon Joab returned from the chil- 



Ch. XI. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

15 dren of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem. Now when the Sy- 
rians saw that they had given way before Israel, they assem- 

16 bled together, and Adraazar sent and collected the Syrians 
from the banks of the river Chalamak, and they came to Ai- 
lam, with Sobak, the commander in chief of Adraazar's ar- 

17 my, at their head. When this was told David, he assembled 
all Israel, and crossed the Jordan, and came to Ailam ; and the 

18 Syrians drew up in array against David, and fought him. But 
the Syrians fled before Israel, and David destroyed of Syria 
seven hundred chariots, and forty thousand horsemen. He 
smote also Sobak the commander in chief of the army, so that 

19 he died there. And when all the kings who were vassals of 
Adraazar saw that they were smitten before Israel, they re- 
volted, and joined Israel and served them. So Syria was inti- 
midated from aiding the Ammonites any more. 

XL And when the season of the year returned for kings to go out 
to battle, David sent out Joab, and all his servants with him, 
and all Israel, and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and 

2 besieged Rabbath: but David abode at Jerusalem. And it 
happened, that one afternoon, David arose from his couch, 
and walked on die roof of the king's house, and from the top 
of the house he saw a woman bathing, and she was very beau- 

3 tiful. So David sent and sought out the woman, and one said, 
Is not this Bersabe, the daughter of Eliab, the wife of Ourias, 

4 the Chettite? Whereupon David sent messengers, and took 
her, and went in unto her, and lay with her. And when she 
had purified herself from her uncleanness, she returned to her 

5 house. And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, 

6 saying, I am with child. Whereupon David sent to Joab, say- 

7 ing, Send Ourias the Chettite to me. So Joab sent Ourias to 
David. And on his arrival, Ourias went directly to him. And 
when David had inquired of the welfare of Joab, and the wel- 

8 fare of the people, and the success of the war, he said to Ourias, 
Go down to thy house and wash thy feet. So Ourias depart- 
ed from the king's house, and there was sent after him a por- 

9 tion of meat from the king. But Ourias laid himself down to 
sleep at the king's gate, \vith the servants of his lord, and did 

10 not go down to his house. And when they told David, saying, 
Ourias did not go down to his house, David said to Ourius, 

VOL. II. c 



Ch. XL II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

Art thou not come from a journey, why then didst thou not 

11 go down to thy house? And Ourias said to David, The ark, 
and Israel, and Juda, dwell in tents, and my lord Joab, and the 
servants of my lord encamp on the ground, and shall I go 
down to my house to eat and drink, and lie with my wife? 
How can I do it ? As thy soul liveth, I will do no such thing. 

12 Then David said to Ourias, Tarry here to-day also, and to- 
morrow I will dismiss thee. So Ourias tarried at Jerusalem 

13 that day and the morrow. And David invited him, and he ate 
and drank in his presence. But though he caused him to 
drink, and made him drunk, yet he went out in the evening, 
to sleep on his bed with the king's servants, and did not go 

14 down to his house. And in the morning David wrote a letter 
to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Ourias, and in the letter he 

15 wrote, saying, Set Ourias in the front of the hottest battle, 

16 and retire from him, that he may be smitten and die. So in 
disposing the guards against the city, Joab stationed Ourias in 

17 the place where he knew there were men of valour. And the 
men of the city sallied out, and fought with Joab, and some of 
the people of David's servants fell, and Ourias the Chettite died 

18 also. Then Joab sent and told David all the circumstances of the 

19 battle, which were to be delivered verbally to the king. And 
he gave a charge to the messenger, saying, When thou hast 
finished telling the king all the circumstances of the battle, if 

20 it should happen that the king's anger rise, and he should say 
to thee, Why did you approach so near to the city to fight? 

21 Did you not know that they would shoot from the top of the 
wall? Who smote Abimelech son of Jerobaal, son of Ner? 
Did not a woman throw a piece of a millstone on him from the 

22 top of the wall, so that he died at Thamasi? Why did you ap- 
proach the wall? Then thou shalt say, Thy servant Ourias the 
Chettite is also dead. So Joab's messenger went to Jerusalem 
to the king, and when he arrived and told David all that Joab 
mentioned to him — all the circumstances of the battle, David 
was inflamed with wrath against Joab, and said to the messen- 
ger, Why did you approach so near the city to fight? Did 
you not know that you would be smitten from the wall ? Who 
smote Abimelech, son of Jerobaal? Did not a woman throw a 
millstone upon him from the wall, so that he died at Thamasi? 



Ch. XII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

23 Why did you approach so near die wall? Then die messen- 
ger said to David, The men took courage against us, and sal- 
lied out upon us into the field, and when we continued our 
pursuit of them, even to the doors of the gate, the archers 

24 from the wall shot at thy servants, so that some of the king's 
servants were slain, and thy servant Ourias the Chettite is 

25 dead also. Thereupon David said to the messenger, Thus 
shalt thou say to Joab, Let not this be grievous in thy sight; 
for the sword devoureth sometimes on one side, and some- 
times on the other. Make thy battle strong against the city, 
and block it up, and enclose it with strong works. 

26 Now when the wife of Ourias heard that Ourias her hus- 

27 band was dead, she mourned for her husband. And when her 
mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, 
and she became his wife, and bore him a son. 

XII. But the deed which David had done appeared evil in the 
sight of the Lord; therefore the Lord sent Nathan the prophet 
to David. And when he came to David he said to him, There 
were two men in the same city. The one was rich, and the 

2 other poor. The rich man had flocks and herds in great abun- 

3 dance, but the poor man had only one little ewe lamb, which 
he bought, and nourished, and fed: And it had grown up with 
him and his children in the same house. It ate of his bread, 
and drank of his cup, and slept in his bosom, and was to him 

4 like a daughter. And there came a traveller to the rich man, 
and he spared to take of his own flocks, or of his own herds, 
to entertain the stranger — the wayfaring man, who had come 
to him ; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the 

5 man who came to him. And David was inflamed with indig- 
nation against die man to a great degree, and said to Nathan, 

6 As the Lord liveth, the man who hath done this is guilty of 
death, and shall make sevenfold restitution for the lamb, because 

7 he hath done such a deed and had no compassion. Whereupon 
Nathan said to David, Thou art the man who hath done this. 
Thus saiththe Lord the God of Israel, I anointed thee to be king 
over Israel, and it was I who delivered thee out of the hand of 
Saul, and gave thee the house of thy master, and thy master's 

8 wives into thy bosom. I gave thee also the house of Israel and 
Juda, and if this had not been enough, I would have added still 



Ch. XII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

9 more. Why then hast thou despised the word of the Lord, to 
do evil in his sight? Thou hast slain Ourias the Chettite with 
the sword, and taken his wife to be thy wife. Thou hast indeed 

10 slain him with the sword of the Ammonites. Now therefore 
the sword shall never depart from thy house. Because thou 
hast despised me, and taken the wife of Ourias the Chettite to 

1 1 be thy wife, therefore thus saith the Lord, Behold I will raise 
up evils against thee out of thy own house ; and I will take thy 
wives before thy eyes, and give them to thy neighbour, and he 

12 will lie with thy wives in the face of the sun. Thou indeed 
didst act secretly ; but I will do this thing in the sight of all Is- 
rael, and in the face of yonder sun. 

13 Then David said to Nathan, 1 have sinned against the Lord. 
And Nathan said to David, The Lord hath put away thy sin. 

14 Thou shalt not die. But because thou hast by this deed given 
great occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme, there - 

15 fore thy son who is born to thee shall surely die. Then Nathan 
went to his house, and the Lord struck the child which the wife 

16 of Ourias the Chettite bore to David. And while it was sick 
David besought God for the child, and fasted and went in and 

17 lay on the ground. And when the elders of his house came 
to raise him from the ground, he would not consent, nor would 

18 he eat bread with them. And on the seventh day the child died. 
And David's servants were afraid to tell him that the child was 
dead ; for they said, Behold while the child was still living we 
spoke to him, but he would not hearken to our voice, how 
then must it affect him when we tell him, The child is dead ! 

19 But when David perceived that his servants were whispering, 
he conjectured that the child was dead, therefore David said to 

20 his servants, Is the child dead? And when they said, He is 
dead, David arose, and washed, and anointed himself, and 
changed his clothes, and went into the house of God, and wor- 
shipped him. Then he went to his own house, and called for 

21 bread to eat. And when they had set bread before him, and 
he had eaten, his servants said to him, What is this that thou 
hast done for the child? While it was still living, thou didst 
fast, and weep, and kept thyself awake ; but soon as the child 

22 is dead, thou hast risen up, and eaten, and drank. And David 
said, While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept, because 



Ch. XIII. . II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

I said, Who knoweth but the Lord may have compassion on 

23 me, and the child may live? But now it is dead, why then 
should I fast? Can I bring it back again? I shall go to it; but 
it will never return to me. 

24 Then David comforted his wife Bersabe, and went in unto 
her; and she conceived, and bore a son, and called his name 

25 Solomon. And the Lord loved him, and sent by the ministry 
of Nathan the prophet, and called his name Jeddedi, For the 
sake of the Lord. 

26 Now Joab had fought at Rabbath of the Ammonites, and 

27 taken the royal city. Wherefore Joab sent messengers to Da- 
vid, and said, I have had a battle at Rabbath, and have taken 

28 the city of waters ; now therefore assemble the rest of the peo- 
ple, and encamp against the city, and take it, lest I take the 

29 city, and it be called after my name. So David assembled all 
the people, and went to Rabbath, and fought against it and took 

30 it. And he took the crown of Molchom their king from his 
head. Now the weight of it was a talent of gold, with precious 

31 stones, and it was set on David's head. And he brought out 
the spoils of the city in great abundance, and he brought out 
the people who were in it, and put them to the saw, and to iron 
crows, and to pick axes of iron, and distributed them through 
brick yards. And when he had done the same to all the cities 
of the Ammonites, David, and all the people, returned to Jeru- 
salem. 

XIII. After this, Abessalom, a son of David, having a very 
beautiful sister whose name was Themar, Amnon the son of 

2 David fell in love with her. And Amnon was so distressed 
that he pined away on account of Themar his sister, for she 
was a virgin, and it appeared monstrous in the eyes of Amnon 

3 to have any thing to do with her. Now Amnon had a com- 
panion whose name was Jonadab. He was the son of Samaa 

4 the brother of David. And Jenadab was a man of great subtil- 
ty; and he said to him, What is the matter with thee, son of 
the king, that thou art so languishing for some time past ? 
Why dost thou not tell me ? And Amnon said to him, I am 
in love with Themar, the sister of my brother Abessalom. 

5 Upon this Jonadab said to him, Take to thy bed, and feign 
thyself sick, and when thy father cometh to see thee say to 



Ch. XIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

him, I pray thee, let Themar my sister come to me, and feed 
me ; and let her prepare the victuals in my sight, that I may 

6 see, and eat out of her hands. So Amnon went to bed, and 
feigned himself sick : and when the king came to see him, 
Amnon said to the king, I pray thee let Themar my sister 
come to me, and make a couple of cakes in my sight, that I 

7 may eat out of her hands. And David sent to the house to 
Themar, and said, Go, I pray thee, to thy brother's house, 

8 and prepare something for him to eat. Accordingly Themar 
went to the house of Amnon, her brother, and he was a bed ; 
and she took the dough, and kneaded it, and made it into 

9 cakes before his eyes, and stewed them and she took the pan 
and poured .them out before him, but he would not eat. Then 

10 Amnon said, Go out every man from me. And when every 
one was gone out from him, Amnon said to Themar, Bring 
the victuals into the chamber that I may eat out of thy hand. 
So Themar took the cakes she had made and carried them to her 

11 brother Amnon into the bed chamber. But when she brought 
them to him, that he might eat, he took hold of her and said 

12 to her, Come, lie with me, my sister. And she said to him, 
No, my brother, thou must not dishonour me ; for such a 
thing ought not to be done in Israel. Thou must not commit 

13 such folly. As for me where could I hide my dishonour ? 
And with regard to thyself, thou wouldst be like one of the 
fools in Israel. Now therefore, speak I pray thee to the king; 

14 for he will not withhold me from thee. But Amnon would 
not hearken to her, but overpowered her by force, and dis- 

15 honoured her. And when he had lain with her, Amnon hated 
her with an exceeding great hatred ; so that the hatred with 
which he hated her, was greater than the love with which he 
had loved her, and his last wickedness was greater than the 

16 first. And Amnon said to her, Arise and begone. Where- 
upon Themar said to him, To send me thus away is adding 
a still greater injury to that which thou hast already done me. 

17 But Amnon would not hearken to her voice, but called his 
servant who superintended his house, and said to him, Send 
away, I pray thee, this one from me, out of doors, and shut 

18 the door after her. Now she had on an embroidered robe; 
for such was the dress which the king's daughters wore, who 



Ch. XIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

were virgins. So when the servant led her out, and shut the 

19 door after her, Themar took ashes, and put them on her head, 
and tore in pieces the embroidered robe which she had on, 

20 and putting her hands on her head, she went on crying. And 
Abessalom her brother said to her, Hath Amnon thy brother 
been with thee ? Now therefore, my sister, hold thy peace. 
Because he is thy brother, thou must not mention this mat- 
ter. So Themar abode as a widow in the house of her bro- 
ther Abessalom. 

21 Though king David heard all these things, and was very 
angry, yet he would not grieve the spirit of his son Amnon, 

22 because he loved him as being his first born. As for Abessa- 
lom he spoke not a word to Amnon, good or bad, for he hated 
Amnon for having dishonoured his sister Themar. 

23 Now about two years after this Abessalom had sheep 
shearers at Belasor, in the borders of Ephraim ; and Abessalom 

24 invited all the king's sons. And Abessalom went to the king, 
and said, Behold they are shearing thy servant's sheep, let the 

25 king I pray thee, and his servants, go with thy servant. But 
the king said to Abessalom, No, my son. We must not all 
go ; for we must not overburthen thee. When he had pressed 
him, and he would not consent to go but blessed him; then 

26 Abessalom said to him, If not; let my brother Amnon, I pray 

27 thee, go with us. And the king said, Why should he go with 
thee ? But Abessalom pressed him, so he sent with him Am- 
non, and all the king's sons. And Abessalom made a banquet 

28 like that of the king. And Abessalom gave a charge to his 
servants saying, Observe when the heart of Amnon is elated 
with wine, and I say to you, Smite Amnon ; then put him to 
death. Be not afraid, for it is I who •command you. Acquit 

29 yourselves like men, and be sons of valour. And when the 
servants of Abessalom had done to Amnon as Abessalom had 
commanded them, all the king's sons arose, and mounted 

30 every man his mule, and fled. And while they were on the 
road, the report came to David saying, Abessalom hath slain 

31 all the king's sons — there is not one of them left. Thereupon 
the king arose, and rent his garments, and lay on the ground, 
and all his servants stood around him, with their clothes rent. 

32 And Jonadab, son of Samaa, David's brother, addressing him 



Ch. XIV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL, 

said, Let not my lord the king suppose that he hath slain all 
the young men, the king's sons, for Amnon only is dead — 
for he hath been continually in the mouth of Abessalom from the 

33 day he dishonoured his sister Themar. Now therefore let not 
the king lay this to heart, saying, All the king's sons are dead ; 
for there is none dead but only Amnon ; and Abessalom hath 

34 made his escape. Then the servant who stood centinel raised 
his eyes, and looked, and lo, many people were coming down 
the side of the mountain by the way behind him, whereupon 
the centinel came, and told the king, saying, I have seen 
many people coming by the way of Oronen, from the side of 

35 the mountain. And Jonadab said to the king, Behold the 

36 king's sons are near at hand. It is as thy servant said. And 
just as he had finished speaking, behold the king's sons came, 
and they raised their voice, and wept, and the king also, and 

37 all his servants, wept bitterly. And Abessalom fled, and 
went to Tholmi, son of Emiud, king of Gedsur, to the land 
of Chamaachad. And king David mourned for his son all 
that year. 

38 Now when Abessalom, who had left his country, and gone 
to Gedsur, had been there three years, king David was molli- 
fied so as to long for Abessalom, for he was comforted with 

XIV. respect to Amnon, seeing he was dead. So when Joab, 
son of Saruia, perceived that the king's heart was set upon 

2 Abessalom, he sent to Thekoe, and brought thence a wise 
woman, and said to her, Feign thyself, I pray thee, to be a 
mourner, and put on mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself 
with oil, but be like a woman mourning for one who hath 

3 been long dead : and thou shalt go to the king, and speak to 

4 him in this manner—So Joab put words in her mouth. And 
when the woman of Thekoe came to the king, she fell on her 
face on the ground, and made obeisance to him, and said, 

5 Save, Ο king! save! And the king said to her, What is the 

6 matter with thee? To which she replied, I am a wretched wo- 
man, a widow. My husband died. And thy servant had two 
sons, and they quarrelled in the field, and there was none to 
part them, and one of them smote the other — his brother, and 

7 killed him. And behold the whole family is risen up against 
thy servant, and say, Deliver up him who smote his brother. 



Ch. XIV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

that we may put him to death, for the life of his brother whom 
he hath slain; for we will cut him off though he be your heir. 
Thus will they quench my coal, which is left, so that there will 
not be left to my husband a remnant, or a name, on the face of 

8 the earth. Thereupon the king said to the woman, Go in peace to 

9 thy house, and I will give orders concerning thee. And the wo- 
man of Thekoe said to the king, Upon me, Ο my lord the king, 
be the iniquity, and upon my father's house ; and let the king 

10 and his throne be guiltless ! Then the king said, Let who will 
speak to thee, bring him to me, and he shall no more touch 
him. And she said, Let the king, I pray thee, make mention 

11 of the Lord his God, that though avengers of blood be multi- 
plied to destroy, they shall not destroy my son. Whereupon 
he said, As the Lord liveth, there shall not a hair of thy son's 
head fall to the ground. 

12 Then the woman said, Let thy servant, I pray thee, speak 

13 a word to my lord the king, and he said, Speak. And the wo- 
man said, Why hast thou come to such a determination against 
the people of God? Or is that word, That the king would not 
recal his own exile, a kind of trespass from the mouth of the 

14 king? Because we must surely die, and be like water spilt 
on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again — and God 
can take away life when he is determined to remove an outcast 

15 from him; now therefore in respect to the matter about which 
I came to speak to my lord the king, Because the people will 
see me, therefore thy servant will say, Pray speak to my lord 
the king ; perhaps the king will grant the request of his ser- 

16 vant. Because the king will hear, let him deliver his servant 
out of the hand of the man who seeketh to remove me and my 

17 son from the inheritance of the Lord. Then the woman said, 
Let the word of my lord the king be, I pray, for a sacrifice ; 
for since my lord the king is as an angel of God to discern 
what is good and what is bad, surely the Lord thy God must 
be with thee. 

18 Then the king answered and said to the woman, Conceal 
not from me I pray thee, the thing which I shall ask thee. And 
the woman said, Pray let my lord the king speak. And the 
king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in this whole bu- 

19 sincss? And the woman said to the king, As thy soul liveth, 

VOL. II. d 



Ch. XIV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

my lord the king, there is no turning to the right, nor to the 
left, from all that my lord the king hath spoken ; for thy ser- 
vant Joab commanded me, and he himself put all these words 

20 in the mouth of thy servant, that this case might wear the ap- 
pearance of the thing which thy servant Joab wished to have 
done. But my lord is wise as an angel of God, to know all the 

21 things on the earth. Then the king said to Joab, Behold I 
have done for thee according to this thy state of the case ; 

22 bring back the young man, Abessalom. Upon which Joab 
fell on his face to the ground, and made obeisance, and bless- 
ed the king. And Joab said, Now thy servant knoweth that I 
have found favour in thy sight, my lord the king, because my 

23 lord the king hath granted the suit of his servant. Then Joab 
arose and went to Gedsur, and brought Abessalom to Jerusa- 

24 lem. And the king said, Let him return to his house, and not 
see my face. So Abessalom returned to his house, and did not 
see the king's face. 

25 Now in all Israel there was not a man so very comely as 
Abessalom. From the sole of his foot, to the crown of his 

26 head, there was not a blemish in him. When he polled his 
head, and at the beginning of every year he had it polled, be- 
cause the hair was burthensome to him, and when he polled it 
he weighed the hair of his head, and it weighed two hundred 

27 shekels after the king's shekel. And to Abessalom there 
were born three sons and one daughter. The name of his 

28 daughter was Themar. She was a very beautiful woman. And 
when Abessalom had dwelt two years at Jerusalem, and saw 

29 not the king's face, Abessalom sent for Joab that he might 
send him to the king, but he declined coming to him. And 
when he had sent a second time, and he declined coming, 

30 Abessalom said to his servants, See, the portion of land in the 
field adjoining mine is Joab's, and he hath barley there. Go 
and set it on fire. And when AbessaLom's servants set the field 
on fire, the servants of Joab came to him, with their clothes 
rent, and said, Abessalom's servants have burned the field 

31 with fire. Thereupon Joab arose, and went to Abessalom, and 

32 said to him, Why have thy servants set my field on fire? And 
Abessalom said to Joab, Behold I sent to thee, saying, Come 
here that I may send thee to the king, saying, Why have I 



Ch. XV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

come from Gedsur? It was better forme to be there, as I have 
not yet seen the king's face. If indeed there be wickedness in 

33 me, put me to death. Then Joab went to the king, and deliv- 
ered him this message, and he sent for Abessalom, and Abes- 
salom went to the king, and made obeisance to him, and pros- 
trated himself on the ground before him, and the king kissed 

XV. him. And after this, Abessalom procured for himself 

2 chariots, and horses, and fifty men to run before him. And 
Abessalom rose early in the morning, and took his stand at 
the place where the road turned off to the gate. And when 

3 any man who had a controversy came to the king for judg- 
ment, Abessalom called to him, and said, Of what city art 
thou ? And when he said, Thy servant is of such a one of the 
tribes of Israel, Abessalom said to him, Behold thy cause is 
good, and easily determined, but there is none appointed by 

4 the king to hear thee. Then would Abessalom say, Ο that 
they would make me a judge in the land ! In that case if any 
man had a defence to make, or a suit to prosecute, and would 

5 come to me, I would do him justice. And when any man came 
to make obeisance to him, he stretched forth his hand, and 

6 took him, and kissed him. In this manner Abessalom acted to 
all Israel who were coming to the king for judgment, so that 

7 Abessalom won the hearts of the men of Israel. And at the 
end of four years Abessalom said to his father, Let me I pray 
thee go and pay my vows at Chebron, which I vowed to the 

8 Lord. For when I dwelt at Gedsur, in Syria, thy servant vow- 
ed a vow, saying, If the Lord will bring me back to Jerusa- 

9 lem, I will serve the Lord. And the king said to him, Go in 

10 peace. So he arose and went to Chebron. Now Abessalom 
had sent spies through all the tribes of Israel, saying, When 
you hear the sound of the trumpet, then say, Abessalom is 

1 1 king in Chebron. And there went with Abessalom two hun- 
dred chosen men out of Jerusalem. They indeed went in their 

12 simplicity, for they knew nothing. And Abessalom sent for 
Achitophel, the Thekonite, the counsellor of David, from his 
own city, namely, from Gola, while he was sacrificing. So the 
conspiracy became strong, and the people who came, and they 

13 were many, were with Abessalom. And there came a mes- 
senger to David, saying, The hcyrt of the men of Israel is gone 



Ch. XV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

14 after Abcssalom. Upon this David said to all his servants who 
were with him at Jerusalem, Arise and let us flee, for there is 
no safety for us on account of Abessalom. Make haste to de- 
part, lest he overtake us suddenly, and throw the blame on us, 

15 when he shall smite the city with the edge of the sword. And 
the king's servants said to the king, Whatever our lord the 

16 king chuseth, behold we thy servants are ready to do. So the 
king and all his household, set out on foot, and the king left 

17 ten of his concubines to keep the house. And when the king, 
with all his servants, on foot, had gone out,• they halted at the 
farthest house, and all his servants passed on by him, name- 

18 ly, all the Chelethites, and all the Phelethites, and they halted 
near the olive yard, in the wilderness. And all the people pass- 
ed by near him. Now all that were around him — all the nobles, 
and all the warriors, were six hundred men, and while these 
stood by him, all the Chelethites, and all the Phelethites, and 
all the Gethites — the six hundred men who had come on foot 

19 from Geth, marched on before the king. And the king said to 
Ethi the Gethite, Why shouldst thou go with us ? Return 
and dwell with the king; for thou art a stranger, and hast 

20 come as an exile from thy own place. As thou art come but 
yesterday, shall I to-day cause thee to move with us, and 
change thy abode? As for me, I will go where I can ; but re- 
turn thou and take back thy brethren with thee ; and the Lord 

21 will deal mercifully and truly with thee. And Ethi answered 
the king, and said, As the Lord liveth, and as my lord the 
king liveth, whithersoever my lord goeth, whether to death or 

22 to life, there shall thy servant be. Whereupon the king said to 
Ethi, Come and march with me. So Ethi, the Gethite march- 
ed on with the king, and all his servants, and all the multitude 

23 who were with him. And all the country wept with a loud, 
voice, while all the people were crossing the brook Kedron. 
And when the king had crossed the brook Kedron, all the 
people, and the king, continued their march by the way to 

24 the wilderness. Now behold Sadok, and all the Levites, 
were with him, carrying the ark of the covenant of the Lord 
from Baithar. And they set down the ark of God, and Abia- 
thar went up, until all the people had done coming out of the 

25 city. Then the king said to Sadok, Carry back the ark of 



Ch. XVI. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

God into the city. If I find favour in the sight of the Lord, he 

26 will bring me back, and shew me it and its comeliness. But 
if he should say, I have no pleasure in thee, behold here am I. 

27 Let him do to me as seemeth good in his sight. Then the 
king said to Sadok the priest, See ! thou returnest to the city 
in peace; and Achimaas, thy son, and Jonathan, the son of 

28 Abiathar — your two sons are with you. See! I will encamp at 
Araboth of the wilderness, until a message come from you to 

29 give me intelligence. So Sadok and Abiathar carried back the 

30 ark of God to Jerusalem, and it abode there. And David went 
up by the ascent of the olive orchards, weeping as he went up, 
and having his head covered, and walking barefoot. And all 
the people who were with him covered, every one, his head, 

31 and went up weeping as they went. And when it was told 
David that Achitophel was among the conspirators with Abes- 
salom, David said, Confound, I beseech thee, Ο Lord my 

32 God, the counsel of Achitophel. And David continued his 
march till he came to Ros, where he worshipped God. And 
behold Chousi, an old companion of David, met him there, 

33 with his clothes rent, and earth on his head. And David said 

34 to him, If thou go with me, thou wilt be a burden to me: but 
if thou return to the city, and wilt say to Abessalom, Thy 
brothers are gone, and the king thy father is gone, and hath 
left me behind, now therefore* I am thy servant, Ο king. Let 
me live. I have been thy father's servant hitherto ; but now I 
am thy servant : thou mayst baffle for me the counsel of Achi- 

35 tophel. And behold there are there with thee, Sadok and 
Abiathar, the priests, so that whatever thou mayst hear from 
the king's household thou wilt tell to Sadok and Abiathar, the 

36 priests. And behold they have there with them their two 
sons, Achimaas, son of Sadok, and Jonathan, son of Abiathar, 
so that by them you can send to me every thing you may hear. 

37 Accordingly, Chousi, David's companion, came to the city, 
just as Abessalom was entering Jerusalem. 

XVI. And when David had marched on a little way from Ros, 

behold Siba, the servant of Memphibosthe, came out to meet 

him with a couple of asses saddled, and on them two hundred 

loaves of bread, and a hundred clusters of dried grapes, and a 

•2 hundred bunches of dates, and a nebel of wine. And the king 



Ch. XVI. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL, 

said to Siba, What meanest thou by these? To which Siba 
replied, The asses are for the king's family, to ride on, and the 
loaves and the dates for the young men to eat, and the wine for 

3 such as are fainty in the wilderness, to drink. Then the king 
said, But where is thy master's son? And Siba said to the king, 
Behold he abideth in Jerusalem ; for he said, Now will the 

4 house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father. There- 
upon the king said to Siba, Behold all that belong to Mem- 
phibosthe are thine. And Siba having bowed down said, Let 

5 me find favour in thy sight, Ο my lord the king. And when 
king David was going to Baurim, behold there came out thence 
a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Se- 

6 mei, son of Gera. He came out, cursing David as he came, 
and throwing stones at David, and at all the servants of king Da- 
vid. Now all the people, even all the mighty men, were on the 

7 right and left of the king. And in this manner Semei expressed 
himself when he cursed him, Out! Out! thou man of blood! 

8 thou miscreant ! The Lord hath retorted on thee all the blood 
of the house of Saul. Because thou hast reigned in his stead, 
therefore the Lord hath delivered the kingdom into the hands 
of Abessalom thy son. And behold thou art in distress, be- 

9 cause thou art a bloody man. Whereupon Abessa, son of Sa- 
ruia said to the king, Why should this dead dog curse my 
lord the king? Let me go over, and I will take off his head. 

10 But the king said, What is it to me and you, Ο sons of Sa- 
ruia? Let him alone, and let him curse on ; for the Lord hath 
told him to curse David, and who shall say, Why hast thou 

11 done so? Then David said to Abessa, and to all his servants, 
Behold my own son, who is descended from my loins, seeketh 
my life, and how much more then may this Jeminite do it! Let 

12 him curse, for the Lord hath bidden him. Perhaps the Lord 
may look on my affliction, and return me good for his cursing 

13 this day. So David and all his men proceeded on their march, 
and Semei went along the side of the mountain near him, 
cursing as he went, and throwing stones from the side of it, 

14 and casting up dust. And when the king arrived, and all the 
people with him, being fatigued, they refreshed themselves there. 

15 Now Abessalom and all Israel had come to Jerusalem, and 

16 Achitophel with him. And when Chousi, the old companion of 



Ch. XVII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

David, came to Abessalom, Chousi said to Abessalom, God 

17 save the king! Whereupon Abessalom said to Chousi, Is this 
thv kindness for thy friend ? Why hast thou not gone with 

18 thy friend ? And Chousi said to Abessalom, shall I not folio w 
him whom the Lord hath chosen, and this his people — even all 

19 Israel? For him I will be; and with him I will abide. And 
in the next place whom should I serve? Must it not be before 

20 his son ? As I have served before thy father, so will I be before 
thee. Then Abessalom said to Achitophel, Consult among 

21 yourselves what we shall do. Thereupon Achitophel said to 
Abessalom, Go in unto thy father's concubines, whom he 
hath left to keep his house ; and all Israel will hear that thou 
hast dishonoured thy father, and the hands of all who are with 

22 thee will be strengthened. So they fixed up a tent for Abessa- 
lom on the top of the house, and Abessalom went in unto his 

23 father's concubines, in the sight of all Israel. Now the advice 
which Achitophel gave in those first days, was as if one had 
consulted the oracle of God. Such was every advice of Achi- 
tophel both with David and with Abessalom. 

XVII. Then Achitophel said to Abessalom, Let me, I pray 
thee,chuse out for myself twelve thousand men; and I will arise 

2 and pursue David this very night. And I will come upon him 
while he is weary, and Weak handed, and surprise him ; so that 
all the people who are with him will flee. And I will smite the 

3 king alone, and bring all the people back to thee, as a bride re- 
turneth to her husband. Thou seekest only the life of one man, 

4 therefore all the people may be at peace. Though this reason- 
ing seemed good in the sight of Abessalom, and in the sight 

5 of all the elders of Israel, yet Abessalom said, Call, I pray you, 

6 Chousi the Arachite, and let us hear also what he saith. And 
when Chousi came to Abessalom, Abessalom spoke to him say- 
ing, In this manner Achitophel has spoken ; shall we do as he 

7 adviseth? If not, speak thou. Upon this Chousi said to Abes- 
salom, The counsel which Achitophel hath given, is, for this 

8 once, not good. Thou thyself, said Chousi, knowest thy father 
and his men, that they are very brave, and chafed in their 
minds like a bear bereaved of her whelps in the fields; or like 
a wild boar in the plain. And thy father is a man of Avar, and 

9 will not let the people rest. For behold he is now hid in one of 



Ch. XVII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

the mountains, or in some secure place, and it shall be that 
when he shall sally out on them at the first, every one who 
heareth will say, There hath been a slaughter among them 

10 who follow Abessalom : in which case the son of valour him- 
self, whose heart is like the heart of a lion, will assuredly be 
dismayed. For all Israel know that thy father is a mighty man, 

11 and that they who are with him are sons of valour. This there- 
fore is the counsel which I would give; Let all Israel be gather- 
ed to thee, from Dan to Bersabee, like the sand which is on the 
sea shore for multitude : and let thy presence go forth in the 

12 midst of them. And when we shall come upon him in one of the 
places where we may find him, we will encamp around him 
as the dew falleth on the ground. And we will not leave with 

13 him or the men who are with him so much as one man. And 
if he be shut up in any city, all Israel will take ropes to that 
city, and we will drag it into the ditch, so that there shall not 
be left so much as a stone. 

14 And Abessalom, and all Israel, said, The counsel of Chousi 
the Arachite is better than the counsel of Achitophel. For 
the Lord had determined to defeat the counsel of Achitophel, 
which was good, that the Lord might bring upon Abessalom 
all the consequent evils. 

15 Then Chousi, the Arachite, said to Sadok, and Abiathar 
the priests, Thus and thus did Achitophel advise Abessalom. 
and the elders of Israel ; and thus and thus I have counselled. 

16 Now therefore send speedily, and tell David and say, Lodge 
not to night at Araboth of the wilderness, but cross with all 
speed. Perhaps he may prevail with the king and all the peo- 

17 pie who are with him. Now Jonathan and Achimaas had taken 
their station at the fountain Rogel, and a girl went out, and 
gave them intelligence, and they went and told David, for they 

18 might not be seen entering the city. But a servant saw them 
and told Abessalom. Now they two had set out with speed, 
and got to the house of a man at Bakurim, who had a well in 

19 his court and they went down into it, and the woman took and 
spread a covering over the mouth of the well, and laid there- 
on balls of dough to. dry ; so that the thing was not known. 

20 And when the servants of Abessalom came to the woman, 
into the house and said, Where are Achimaas and Jonathan ? 



Ch. XVIII. Π. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

The woman said, They went a little while ago over the water. 
And when they had sought, but did not find them, they re- 

21 turned to Jerusalem. And when they were gone, Achimaas and 
Jonathan came up out of the well, and went and told king 
David, and said to him, Arise and cross the water with all 
speed: for thus hath Achitophel counselled concerning you. 

22 Whereupon David arose, and the people who were with him, 
and they crossed the Jordan till the morning light, till there 

23 was not one left, who had not crossed the Jordan. Now when 
Achitophel saw that his advice was not taken, he saddled his 
ass, and arose, and went to his house to his own city, and 
having given orders to his household he strangled himself, 
and died, and was buried in his father's tomb. 

24 And David continued his march to Manaim, and Abes- 

25 salom crossed the Jordan, he and all Israel with him. Now 
Abessalom had set Amessai over the army in the room of 
Joab. Amessai was the son of a man whose name was Jether. 
He was a Jezraelite, and had married Abigaia, a daughter 

26 of Naas, and a sister of Saruia the mother of Joab. And all 
Israel with Abessalom encamped in the land of Galaad. 

27 Now when David came to Manaim, Ovesbi, son of Naas, 
of Rabbath of the Ammonites, and Machir, son of Amiel of 

28 Lodabar, and Berzelli, the Galaadite of Rogellim, brought ten 
beds of double tapestry, and ten kettles and vessels of earthen 
ware, and wheat, and barley, and fine flour, and meal, and 
beans, and lentils, and honey, and butter, and sheep, and curd- 

29 led milk of kine, and presented them to David, and to the 
people who were with him, to eat. For they said, The people 

XVIII. must be hungry and weary in the wilderness. And 
when David had reviewed the people who were with him, 
and set over them captains of thousands, and captains of hun- 

2 dreds, he sent forth the people, one third under the command of 
Joab ; and one third under the command of Abessa, the son of 

3 Saruia, and brother of Joab, and one third under the command 
of Ethi the Gethite. And David said to the people, I myself will 
go out with you. But they said, Thou must not go out. For i! 
we should flee they will pay no regard to us ; for if one half of 
us should die, they λνίΐΐ not care for us : for thou art worth ten 
thousand of us. Now therefore it is best that thou shouldst be 

VOL. II. ε 



Ch. XVIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

4 in the eity to succour and help us. And the king said, Whatever 
seemeth best in your eyes I will do. So the king stood by the 
side of the gate, and when all the people were marching out by 

5 hundreds, and by thou sands, the king gave a charge to Joab, and 
to Abessa, and to Ethi saying, Spare, for my sake, the young 
man Abessalom. And all the people heard the king giving this 

6* charge to all the commanders respecting Abessalom. And all 
the people went out to the forest, in front of Israel, and the battle 

7 was fought in the forest of Ephraim, and Israel there gave way 
before the servants of David, and there was a great slaughter 

8 that day, to the amount of twenty thousand men. For the battle 
was there scattered over the whole face of the ground, and the fo- 
rest devoured more of the people than the sword destroyed that 

9 day. And as Abessalom was advancing to meet the servants of 
David, being mounted on his mule, his mule entered the thick- 
est copse of that great oak forest, and his head got entangled 
among the oaks so that he was suspended between heaven and 

10 earth, and the mule went from under him. And a man saw 
him, and told Joab, and said, Behold I saw Abessalom hang- 

11 ing among the oaks. Whereupon Joab said to the man who told 
him, And behold thou sawest ! Why didst thou not smite him 
there to the ground ; and I would have given thee ten pieces 

12 of silver, and a girdle? And the man said, As I live, though I 
might have a thousand shekels of silver weighed into my hands, 
I would not lay my hands on the king's son. For in our hear- 
ing the king charged thee, and Abessa, and Ethi, saying, Spare, 
for my sake, the young man Abessalom ; touch not his life. 

13 Now nothing can be hid from the king. Even thou thyself 

14 wouldst stand aloof. And Joab said, I myself will in this case, 
set the example. I will not boggle so in thy sight. Then Joab 
took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through Abessa- 
lom's heart, while he was still alive in the heart of the forest. 

15 And when the ten young men, who carried Joab's arms, had 

16 surrounded and smitten Abessalom, and put him to death, Joab 
sounded the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing 

17 Israel; for Joab had mercy on the people. And he took Abes- 
salom, and threw him into a great chasm in the forest, into the 
great pit, and piled over him a great heap of stones. And all 

18 Israel fled every man to his tent. Now Abessalom had, in his life 



Ch. XVIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

time, undertaken an,d erected for himself a monument in which 
he was to have been buried. So he erected this monument to 
supply the place of that in the king's dale, because, said he, he 
hath no son to keep up the remembrance of his name. And he 
called that monument, The hand of Abessalom, which name 

19 it retaineth to this day. Then Achimaas son of Sadok said, Let 
me, I pray thee, run and tell the king good news, That the Lord 

20 hath delivered him out of the hand of his enemies. But Joab 
said to him, Thou wilt not be the messenger of good news to- 
day. At another time thou shalt carry good news. But this day 
thou canst not be the messenger of good news, because the 

21 king's son is dead. Then Joab said to Chousi, Run and tell the 
king what thou hast seen. Whereupon Chousi bowed to Joab 

22 and set out. And Achimaas, son of Sadok, applied again, and 
said to Joab, Grant me leave that I also may run after Chousi. 
And Joab said, Why art thou so earnest to run, my son ? Come, 

23 there is no good news worth thy going. And he said, But what 
if I can run? Then Joab said to him, Run. So Achimaas rah 

24 by the way leading to Kechar, and passed Chousi. Now David 
was sitting between the two gates, and the watchman went up 
to the top of the gate, to the wall, and raising his eyes he looked 

25 and behold there was a man in his view running alone. So the 
watchman cried, and told the king. And the king said, If he 

26 be alone, there is good news in his mouth. While he was ad- 
vancing, and coming near, the watchman saw another man run- 
ning, whereupon the watchman cried to the gate, and said, Be- 
hold there is another man running alone. And the king said, 

27 He also is a messenger of good news. And the watchman said, 
I see the running of the foremost is like the running of Achimaas 
son of Sadok. And the king said, He is a good man, and must 

28 therefore come with good news. Then Achimaas cried aloud, 
and said to the king, All is well. And when he had made obei- 
sance to the king, with his face to the ground, he said, Blessed be 
the Lord thy God, who hath delivered up the men who lifted their 

29 hands against my lord the king. Then the king said, Is the 
young man Abessalom safe? And Achimaas said, I saw a great 

" crowd when Joab the king's servant despatched thy servant, but 

30 I did not know what was there. Then the king said, Turn aside, 
and stand here. And when he turned aside, and took his sta- 



Ch. XIX. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

31 tion, behold Chousi came, and said to the king, Good news 
to my lord the king ; for the Lord hath this day delivered thee 

32 out of the hand of all who rose up against thee. And the king 
said to Chousi, Is the young man Abessalom safe? And Chousi 
said, May all the enemies of my lord the king, and all who have 

33 risen against him for evil, be as that young man. At this the 
king was much moved, and went up to the chamber, over the 
gate, and wept. And as he was going up he thus expressed 
himself, Oh, my son, Abessalom! Oh! my son! my son Abes- 
salom ! Ο that they had slain me instead of thee — that I had 
died in thy stead ! Oh Abessalom ! my son ! my son ! 

XIX. When they told Joab the news, saying, Behold the king 

2 is weeping, and mourning for Abessalom, so that the joy of 

3 the day is turned into sorrow to all the people, (For the peo- 
ple that day heard it said, that the king was in grief for his son, 
therefore the people were stealing into the city that day, as 
people do who are ashamed, when they flee in battle, and the 

4 king hid his face) therefore when the king cried with a loud 
voice saying, Oh ! my son Abessalom ! Oh! Abessalom my son I 

5 Joab went to the king, into the house, and said, Thou hast this 
day put to shame the faces of all thy servants, who have this 
day delivered thee, and saved the lives of thy sons, and the 
lives of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and thy con- 

6 cubines ; by thy loving those who hate thee, and hating those 
who love thee. Thou hast indeed this day declared, that 
thou regardest neither thy officers, nor thy servants ; for I am 
now convinced, that if Abessalom were alive, and we were 

7 now all dead, then all would be right in thine eyes. Now 
therefore arise, and go out, and speak affectionately to thy ser- 
vants ; for I have sworn by the Lord, that if thou go not out 
immediately, there will not a man lodge with thee this night. 
And be assured that this will be worse for thee than all the evil 

8 that hath befallen thee, from thy youth even till now. Then the 
king arose, and sat in the gate. And when all the people pro- 
claimed the news, saying, Behold the king is sitting in the gate, 
then all the people entered the gate, in the presence of the king. 

9 Now when all Israel had fled, every man to his tent, all the 
people throughout all the tribes of Israel began to condemn 
themselves, saying, King David delivered us from all our 



Ch. XIX. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

enemies. Though he delivered us out of the hands of the Phi- 
listines, yet he hath now fled from the land, and from his king- 

10 dom, and from Abessalom. But Abessalom whom we anoint- 
ed over us is dead in battle, now therefore, why are you silent 
about bringing the king back? When this saying of all Israel 

1 1 came to the king, king David sent to Sadok, and to Abiathar 
the priests, saying, Speak to the elders of Juda, and say, Why 
are you the last to bring the king back to his house? The 
speech indeed of all Israel is come to the king, that he should 

12 return to his house. You are my brethren ; you are my bones, 
and my flesh. Why are you the last to bring the king back to 

13 his house ? And to Amessai you shall say, Art not thou my 
bone and my flesh? Now therefore, God do so to me and more 
also, if thou shalt not be captain general of the army before 

14 me continually, in the room of Joab. So when he had turned 
the heart of Juda, like that of one man, they sent to the king, 

15 saying, Return thou and all thy servants. So the king set out 
on his return, and came to the Jordan. And the men of Juda 
came to Galgala, to go and meet the king, and conduct him 

16 over the Jordan. And Semei, son of Gera the Jeminite, of 
Baurim, hastened and came down with the men of Juda, to 

17 meet king David; and with him were a thousand men from 
Benjamin, and Siba the servant of the house of Saul, with his 
fifteen sons, and his twenty servants, and they acted as guides 
across the Jordan, before the king, and performed the service 

18 of bringing the king over. And when the raft went over to 
bring the king's household, and to do what was right in his 
sight, Semei son of Gera fell on his face before the king, while 

19 he was crossing the Jordan, and said to the king, Let not my 
lord, I pray thee, impute to me my transgression; nor call to 
remembrance what thy servant did perversely, on the day 
when my lord went out of Jerusalem, that the king should lay 

20 it to heart. Because thy servant was conscious that he had 
sinned, therefore behold I am come, the first of all Israel, and 
of the house of Joseph, in coming down to meet my lord the 

21 king. To this Abessa son of Saruia, answered and said, Shall 
not Semei be put to death, because he cursed the anointed of 

22 the Lord? But David said, What have you to do with me, 
ye sons of Saruia, that you arc now laying snares for me ? 



Ch. XIX. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

There shall not a man of Israel be this day put to death. For 

23 I do not yet know whether I am king over Israel. Then the 
king said to Semei, Thou shalt not die. And the king swore 

24 to him. Memphibosthe also, the grandson of Saul, came down 
to meet the king. Now he had not dressed his feet, nor pared 
his nails, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from 
the day the king went away, to the day he returned, in peace. 

25 And when he came to Jerusalem, and waited on the king, and 
the king said to him, Why didst thou not go with me, Mem- 

26 phibosthe? Memphibosthe said to the king, Ο my lord the 
king, my servant deceived me. For thy servant said to him, 
Saddle me the ass, that I may mount thereon and go with the 

27 king. (For thy servant is lame.) But he acted deceitfully with 
thy servant, before my lord the king. But my lord the king is 
as an angel of God. Do therefore what is good in thy sight. 

28 For all my father's house were but dead men before my lord 
the king, yet thou didst set thy servant among them who eat 
at thy table. What right then have I to cry any more to the 

29 king? And the king said to him, What need of more words. 

30 I have said, Thou and Siba shall divide the fields. Whereupon 
Memphibosthe said to the king, Nay, let him take all, seeing 
my lord the king is returned to his house in peace. 

31 Berzelli, the Galaadite, also came down from Rogellim, 
and crossed the Jordan with the king, to convoy him over the 

32 Jordan. Now Berzelli was a very old man, being then eighty 
years of age, and he had supplied the king and his household 
with provisions at Manaim, for he was a very wealthy man. 

33 When the king said to Berzelli, Thou shalt come over with 

34 me, that I may nourish thy old age with me at Jerusalem; Ber- 
zelli said to the king, How many can the days of the years of 

35 my life be, that I should go with the king to Jerusalem? I am 
now eighty years of age. Can I distinguish between good and 
evil? Can thy servant any more relish what I eat or drink? 
Or can I any more hear the voice of singing men or singing 
women? Why then should thy servant be a burthen to my 

36 lord the king? Thy servant will go a little way across the Jor- 
dan with the king ; but why should the king make me such a 

37 recompence? Let thy servant, I pray thee, stay, that I may die 
in my own citv, near the tomb of mv father and mother. And 



Ch. XX. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

behold thy servant Chamaam shall go over with my lord the 

38 king. Do to him what is good in thy sight. And the king said, 
Let Chamaam come over with me, and I will do for him what 
is good in my sight, and whatever thou requirest of me, I will 

39 do for thee. Now all the people had crossed the Jordan, and 
when the king had crossed, he kissed Berzelli, and bade him 

40 farewell, and he returned to his place ; and the king proceeded 
on to Galgala, and Chamaam went with him. 

Now when all the tribe of Juda, and about half of the people 

41 of Israel, were advancing with the king, behold all Israel came 
to the king, and said to the king, Why have our brethren, the 
men of Juda, stolen thee away, and brought the king and his 
household over the Jordan? Are all the men of David indeed 

42 with him ? And all the men of Juda answered the men of Is- 
rael, and said, Because the king is near of kin to us, why 
should you be so angry at this matter? Have we eaten at the 
king's cost? Or hath he given us any gifts, or borne any bur- 

43 then for us ? And the men of Israel answered the men of Ju- 
da, and said, We have ten votes for the king, and we are elder 
than you, therefore we have more interest in David than you. 
Why then have you affronted us, and why was not our opinion 
taken before that of Juda, to bring the king back? Then the 
words of the men of Juda were fiercer than the words of the 

XX. men of Israel; and there happened to be there a turbu- 
lent man whose name was Sabee, son of Bochori, the chief of 
the Jeminites, and he sounded a trumpet, and said, We have 
no portion in David, nor inheritance in the son of Jessai. Every 

2 man to his tent, Ο Israel. Thereupon all Israel went up from 
following David, after Sabee, son of Bochori. But the men of 
Juda kept close by their king, from the Jordan to Jerusalem. 

3 And when David came to his house at Jerusalem, the king 
took the ten women, his concubines, whom he had left to keep 
the house, and sent them to a house of confinement, and fed 

4 them, but did not go in to them. So they were kept confined 
to the day of their death, living as widows. 

Then the king said to Amessai, Assemble for me all the 

5 men of Juda, and be thou here in three days. So Amessai went 
to assemble the men of Juda, but he tarried beyond the time 

6 which David set for him. Thereupon David said to Abessa, 



Ch. XX. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

Now will Sabee, son of Bochori do us more harm than Abes- 
salom. Now therefore take thou with thee the servants of thy 
lord, and pursue him, lest he secure for himself cities of de- 

7 fence, that he may escape our notice. So there went out after 
him, Abessa's men, and Joab's men, and the Cherethites, and 

8 the Phelethites, and all the mighty men. And when they had 
marched out of Jerusalem in pursuit of Sabee, son of Bochori, 
and were come to the great heap of stones at Gabaon, Ames- 
sai came in before them. Now Joab had a military robe girded 
on for his dress, and over it he was girt with a sword on his 

9 thigh in its sheath, and the sword dropped out. But as it 
dropped out and fell, therefore when Joab said to Amessai, 
art thou well my brother? and with his right hand took hold of 
Amessai's beard to kiss it, Amessai did not attend to the 

10 sword which was in Joab's hand. So Joab smote him with it 
into the belly, and his bowels gushed out on the ground, so 
that he did not repeat the blow. And while he was dying, Joab 

11 and Abessa, his brother, pursued after Sabee, son of Bochori, 
and there stood by him one of the servants of Joab, who said, 
Whoever is for Joab, and whoever is for David, let him follow 

12 Joab. Now Amessai was weltering in his blood in the middle 
of the road. And when the man saw that all the people halted, 
he drew Amessai out of the road, into the field, and threw a 
mantle over him, because he saw that all the people who came 

13 up stood still. And when he had removed him out of the road, 
then all the men of Israel proceeded on after Joab, in pursuit 

14 of Sabee, son of Bochori. Now he had passed through all the 
tribes of Israel to Abel and Bethmacha, and all the men at 

15 Charri had assembled and gone after him. And when they 
came up with him they formed a siege against him in Abel 
and Bethmacha. And when they had levelled the bank before 
the city, and were got within the out works, and all the people 

16 who were with Joab, were labouring to throw down the wall, 
a wise woman cried with a loud voice from the wall, and said, 
Hear ! Hear ! Say, I pray you, to Joab, Come near hither 

17 that I may speak to him. And when he drew near to her, the 
woman said, Art thou Joab? And he said, I am. Then she said 
to him, Hear the words of thy servant. And when Joab said, I 

18 am hearkening, then she continued her speech, and said, The}' 



Ch. XXI. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

used heretofore to state an accusation, saying, He who is ex- 
amined hath been examined both in Abel and Dan. If the 
liege men of Israel have been guilty of what is laid to their 
charge, let the examiners in Abel inquire in like manner 

19 whether they have been guilty. For my part I am for observ- 
ing strictly the customs of Israel, which tend to peace; but 
thou art seeking to destroy a city — a mother city in Israel. 
Why wouldst thou swallow up an inheritance of the Lord ? 

20 In answer to which Joab said, Mercy on me ! Mercy on me ! 

21 Am I for swallowing up? Am I for destroying? Is not this 
the case? There is a man of mount Ephraim — his name is 
Sabee son of Bochori, who hath lifted up his hand against 
king David. Only deliver him up to me, and I will depart 

22 from the city. And the woman said, Behold his head shall 
be thrown to thee over the wall. So the woman went to all 
the people. And when she had spoken to the whole city in 
her wisdom, they cut off the head of Sabee son of Bochori. 
And having cut it oif, they threw it to Joab ; whereupon Joab 
sounded a trumpet, and all the people withdrew from the city, 
and dispersed, every man to his tent, and Joab returned to Je- 
rusalem to the king. 

23 Now Joab was over all the host of Israel, and Banaias son 
of Jodae was over the Cherethites and the Phelethites, and 
Adoniram was over the tribute, and Josaphat son of Achiluth 
was recorder, and Susa was scribe, and Sadok and Abiathar 
were priests, and Iras the son of Jarim was priest for David. 

XXI. In the days of David there was a famine three years, 
year after year successively ; whereupon David applied to the 
Lord, and the Lord said, On Saul and on his house be the ini- 
quity, by the death of his descendants, because he put to death 

2 the Gabaonites. Now the Gabaonites are not of the children of 
Israel, but a remnant of the Amoritcs, and the children of Israel 
had sworn to them ; but Saul sought occasion to smite them, 
when he was courting popularity with the children of Israel and 

3 Juda. So king David sent for the Gabaonites, and said to 
them, What shall I do for you ; and by what means can I make 
atonement, that you may bless the inheritance of the Lord ? 

4 And the Gabaonites said to him, We have no controversy 
with Saul and his household, about gold or silver, nor is it 

VOL. II. F 



Ch. XXL II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

5 for us to put to death a man in Israel. And the king said, 
What do you say, I must do for you ? And they said to the 
king, The man who set himself against us, and persecuted us, 
and who formed pretences to exterminate us, him let us destroy, 

6 that he may not rise up in all the borders of Israel. Give us 
seven men of his sons, and let us crucify to the Lord at Gabaon 
those of Saul who are the choice of the Lord. And the king 

7 said, I will give them. But the king had compassion on Mem- 
phibosthe, the son of Jonathan, Saul's son, on account of the 
oath of the Lord between them — namely between David and 

8 Jonathan, Saul's son. So the king took the two sons of Respha, 
the daughter of Aia, whom she bore to Saul, namely Ermoni 
and Memphibosthe, and the five sons of Michol the daughter 
of Saul, whom she bore to Esdriel, the son of Berzelli, the 
Mooulothite, and delivered them into the hands of the Ga- 
baonites, and they crucified them on the mount before the 

9 Lord. So these seven fell together. Now they were put to 
death in the days of the harvest of first fruits, in the beginning 

10 of the barley harvest. And Respha, the daughter of Aia, 
took sackcloth, and fixed it up for herself, before the rock, in 
the beginning of the barley harvest, until water from heaven 
dropped upon them ; and she suffered not the birds of the 
air to rest upon them by day, nor the beasts of the field by 

11 night. When David was told what Respha the daughter of 
Aia Saul's concubine had done — (now they were wasted 
away, and Dan son of Joa, of the race of the giants had taken 

12 them down.) David went, and took the bones of Saul, and 
the bones of Jonathan his son, from the men of Jabis Galaad, 
who had stolen them from the street of Baithsan, where the 
Philistines had fixed them on the day when the Philistines 

13 smote Saul at Gelbua; and having brought thence the bones of 
Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son, he gathered up the bones 

14 of them who had been crucified. And they buried the bones 
of Saul and the bones of Jonathan, and the bones of them who 
were crucified, in the land of Benjamin, on the one side, in the 
tomb of his father Kis. And when they had done all that the 
king commanded, God, after that, hearkened to the land. 

15 There was also another battle between the Philistines and Is- 
rael. David, and his servants with him, went down and fought 



Ch. XXII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

16 the Philistines. And as David was advancing, Jesbi, who was 
of the race of Rapha, and the weight of whose spear was three 
hundred shekels, brass weight, and who was clad in armour, 

17 thought to have smitten David ; but Abessa, son of Saruia, 
came to his assistance, and smote the Philistine, and killed 
him. Then David's men swore, saying, Thou shalt not go 
out with us any more to battle, lest thou extinguish the lamp 
of Israel. 

18 And after this there was another battle, at Geth, with the 
Philistines, in which Sobocha the Astatothite smote Seph, one 
of the descendants of Rapha. 

19 There was also a battle with the Philistines at Rom, when 
Eleanan son of Ariorgim the Bethlemite, smote Lachmi, the 
brother of Goliath the Gethite, the staff of whose spear was 
like a weaver's beam. 

20 There was also another battle at Geth, and there was a 
smooth man who had six fingers on each hand, and six toes 
on each foot, twenty four in all, and he was a descendant of 

2 1 Rapha, and defied Israel, but Jonathan son of Semei, David's 

22 brother, smote him. These four descendants of the giants were 
born at Geth, and were of the house of Rapha, and they fell 
by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants. 

XXII. And David addressed the Lord in the words of this 
ode : on the day the Lord delivered him out of the hands of 
all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul, he said in a psalm ; 

2 Ο Lord, Thou art my rock and my fortress. 
It is he who delivereth me ; he shall be my God. 

3 He will be my guard, in him I will trust ; 

He is my defence, and the horn of my salvation— 

My helper and my refuge for safety. 

From an unrighteous man thou wilt save me. 

4 On the Lord, who is praiseworthy, I will call, 
And I shall be saved from mine enemies. 

5 Because troubles of death have surrounded me — 
Floods of iniquity have filled me with horror — 

6 The pangs of death have compassed me about — 
The bitterness of death hath invaded me. 

7 In my distress I will call on the Lord, 
And to my God I will cry aloud. 



Ch. XXII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

From his holy temple he will hear my voice, 
My cry will certainly reach his ears. 

8 The earth indeed was shaken — it trembled — 

The foundations of heaven were convulsed, and quivered, 
Because the Lord was incensed. 

9 At his Indignation a smoke ascended, 
A fire from his mouth devoureth. 
By it coals are kindled to a glow. 

10 He bowed the heavens and came down, 
And darkness was under his feet. 

11 He sat on the cherubim, and flew, 
And appeared on the wings of wind. 

12 But he made darkness his covering ; 

His pavilion around him was darkness of waters ; 
He condensed it with clouds of air. 

13 From the flashing lightning before him 
Flaming fires were kindled. 

14 The Lord thundered from heaven, 
The Most High uttered his voice. 

15 He sent forth his bolts and scattered them : 

He darted his lightning, and confounded them. 
] 6 Then were seen the outlets of the sea ; 

And the foundations of the earth were disclosed, 

At the rebuke of the Lord — 

At the blast of the breath of his anger. 

17 He sent from on high and took me ; 
He drew me out of many waters : 

18 He delivered me from mine enemies' strength — 
From them who hated me ; 

Because they were stronger than I. 

19 The days of my distress came on me unawares, 
But the Lord was my firm support, 

20 And brought me out to a roomy place, 

And delivered me, because he delighted in me. 

21 The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness ; 
Accordingto the cleanness of my hands he recompensed me; 

22 Because I kept the ways of the Lord, 

And did not wickedly depart from my God — 

23 Because all his judgments were before me, 



Ch. XXII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

And from his statutes I did not depart ; 

24 I therefore shall be blameless before him, 
And I will guard myself from my iniquity ; 

25 And the Lord will reward me according to my righteous 

ness — 
According to the cleanness of my hands in his sight. 

26 With the beneficent thou wilt shew thyself beneficent, 
With an upright man thou wilt deal uprightly. 

27 With a warrior thou wilt be a warrior, 
And with the wily thou wilt practise wiles. 

28 Thou wilt save the people who are dejected, 
But lofty countenances thou wilt bring down. 

29 Because thou, Ο Lord, art my lamp, 
Therefore the Lord will illume my darkness. 

SO For by thee I can run like an honoured soldier, 
And overleap walls by the help of my God. 

3 1 He is mighty whose way is blameless. 
The Word of the Lord is strong — is tried. 

He is the defender of all them who trust in him. 

32 Who is mighty, besides the Lord ? 
Who can build up, but our God ? 

33 He who strengtheneth me is the Mighty One, 
He hath cleared my way which is blameless. 

34 Thou makest my feet like the feet of hinds, 
And steadiest me on the high places. 

35 Thou instructest my hands for battle, 

And hast by my arm broken the bow of steel. 

36 Thou hast given me a guard for my safety ; 
And thy attention hath enabled me 

37 To enlarge my steps under me, 
So that my feet have not slipped. 

38 I shall pursue my enemies and destroy them, 
And will not turn back till I consume them. 

39 I will break them so that they shall not rise, 
When they shall have fallen under my feet. 

40 For thou wilt gird me with strength for battle, 
And bend under me my antagonists. 

41 Thou hast given me the back of my enemies ; 
And them who hate me thou hast put to death. 



Ch. XXIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

42 They may cry aloud but there is no help — 
To the Lord, but he will not answer them. 

43 I beat them small as the dust of the earth ; 
I trampled them like the dirt of highways. 

44 From the tumult of tribes thou wilt save me ; 
Thou wilt keep me to be the head of nations. 

45 A people which I knew not shall be my slaves, 
Strangers have yielded me feigned obedience. 
Soon as they heard they became submissive. 

46 Strange children shall be exposed to contempt ; 
They shall tumble down from their places of defence. 

47 Live the Lord ! and blessed be he, my guard ! 
Let my God, my safeguard, be exalted — 

48 The mighty Lord, who is my avenger. 
Who chastiseth the people under me, 
Who leadeth me out from my enemies. 

49 From them who are stirred up against me 

Thou wilt raise me up. 
From the man of violence, thou wilt deliver me. 

50 For this cause I will give thee thanks, Ο Lord, among the 

nations. 
I will sing melodiously to thy name. 

51 He is magnifying the deliverances of his own king, 
And shewing mercy to his anointed — 

To David and his seed forever. 
XXIII. Now these were the last words of David. 
Faithful is David the son of Jessai, 
And faithful the man whom the Lord hath set 
Over the anointed of the God of Jacob. 
And sweet are the psalms of Israel. 

2 The Spirit of the Lord hath spoken by me, 
And his word was upon my tongue. 

3 The God of Israel saith to me, 

A watchman of Israel hath spoken a proverb. 
I said as a man, 
(d) How can you strengthen the fear of an anointed? 

4 (p) With the light of the God of the morning. 



(d) David. (p) Prophet. 



Ch. XXIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

(d) Let the Sun rise in the morning betimes. 

(p) Is not the Lord gone forth with splendour? 

(d) Yes, like the spring of grass on the earth after rain; 

5 For is not my house thus with the Almighty? 

For he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, 
Kept ready for every occasion ; 
Because this is all my safety, and all my desire, 
That the transgressor may not flourish. 

6 (p) All such are like rejected thorns. 

Because they cannot be handled, 

7 Nor can a man labour among them ; 
Therefore pure iron, and the staff" of a spear, 
Shall cause them to burn with fire, 

And they shall be burned to their shame. 

8 These are the names of David's worthies. 

Jebosthe, the Chananite, a chief of the third rank, who is 
also called Adinon the Asonite. This man drew his sword 

9 against eight hundred warriors at one time. And after him 
Eleanon (the son of a man who married his brother's wife to 
raise up seed for his brother) the son of Dudi, one of the three 
worthies with David. When he challenged the Philistines, and 
they had assembled for battle, and the men of Israel had gone 

JO up, he arose and made a slaughter among the Philistines, till 
his hand was tired, and glued to his sword, and the Lord 
wrought a great deliverance that day, and the people went after 

11 him only to spoil. And next to him was Samaias, son of Asa 
the Aruchite. When the Philistines had assembled to forage, 
where there was a piece of ground full of lentils, and the peo- 

12 pie fled before the Philistines; he stood like a pillar in the mid- 
dle of the field, and defended it, and smote the Philistines, and 

13 the Lord wrought a great deliverance. These three went down 
from the thirty, and came to David at Kason, to the cave of 
Odollam, when an army of the Philistines was encamped in the 

14 valley of Raphain. Now David was then in the fortress, and 

15 there was a garrison of the Philistines then at Bethlehem. And 
David longed and said, Oh that I had some w r ater to drink out 

16 of the well which is at Bethlehem— that by the gate ! Upon 
which these three worthies, notwithstanding the garrison of the 



Ch. XXIII. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

Philistines then at Bethlehem, broke through the camp of the 
Philistines, and drew water out of the well at Bethlehem, by 
the gate. But when they got it, and came to David, he would 
not drink it, but poured it out as a libation to the Lord, and 

17 said, Lord forbid that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood 
of these men, who have gone at the risk of their lives ? So he 
would not drink it. These exploits were performed by these 

18 three men. Now Abessa, the brother of Joab, son of Saruia, 
was a chief among the three. He also lifted up his spear against 
three hundred men, though he was wounded. So he had a 

19 name among the three; and being higher in rank than any of 
the three, he became their chief, though he did not come up to 

20 those three. Banaias also, son of Jodae, of Kabeseel, was a man 
renowned for exploits. He smote the two sons of Ariel the 
Moabite. He went down also, and smote a lion in the midst of 

21 the pit on a snowy day. He smote also an Egyptian, a man of 
great stature. Though the Egyptian had in his hand a spear 
like the side of a ladder, he went down to him with a staff, and 
wresting the spear out of the hand of the Egyptian, he killed 

22 him with his own spear. These exploits Banaias son of Jodae 

23 performed, and had a name among the three worthies. He was 
higher in rank than any of the three, though he did not come 

24 up to the three. And David appointed him Auditor. These 
also were the names of king David's worthies, Asael the bro- 
ther of Joab, he was among the thirty, Eleanon son of Dudi, 

25 who married his brother's wife at Bethlehem ; Saima the Rud- 

26 ite ; Selles the Kelothite ; Iras of Iska, the Thekoite ; Abiezer 
the Anothite, another of the sons of the Anothites ; Ellon the 
Aoite; Neere the Netophatite; Esthai son of Riba of Gabaoth; 
son of Benjamin the Ephrathite; Asmoth the Bardiamite; 
Emasu the Salabonite ; son Asan ; son Jonathan ; Samnan the 
Aradite ; Amnan son of Arai the Saraourite ; Aliphaleth son of 
Asbites; son of the Machachite ; Eliab son of Achitophel the 
Gelonite; Asarai the Karmelite, of Ouraioerchi; Gaal son of 
Nathana ; Poludunameos son of Galaaddi ; Elie the Ammonite; 
Adroi of the brooks ; Gadabiel son of the Arabothite ; Gelore 
the Bethorite, the armour bearer of Joab, son of Saruia; Iras 
the Etherite; Gerab the Ethinite; Ourias the Chettite. They 
were thirty seven in all. 



Ch. XXIV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

XXIV. Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Is- 

2 rael, when one among them over persuaded David, saying, 
Go number Israel and Juda. 

When the king said to Joab, the captain general of his army, 
who was with him, Go, I pray thee through all the tribes of Israel 
and Juda, from Dan to Bersabee, and review the people, and 

3 let me know the number of them, Joab said to the king, The 
Lord God add to the people, how many soever they be, a hun- 
dred fold ; and may the eyes of my lord the king see it ! But why 

4 doth my lord the king set his mind upon this? But the word 
of the king prevailed against Joab, and the officers of the army. 
So Joab and the chiefs of the army before the king, went out 

5 to review the people, Israel. And they crossed the Jordan, and 
encamped at Aroer on the right of the city, in the valley of 

6 Gad and Eliezer. Then they went to Galaad, and to the land 

7 of Thabason, which is Adasai, and came to Danidan and Ou- 
dan; and having gone round Sidon, and come to Mapsar of 
Tyre, and to all the cities of the Evites, and the Chananites, 

8 they came to the south of Juda to Bersabee. So when they had 
gone round through all the land, they came to Jerusalem, at 

9 the end of nine months and twenty days. And Joab laid be- 
fore the king the amount of the review of the people. And 
that of Israel was eight hundred thousand fighting men ; and 

10 the men of Juda were five hundred thousand warriors. And 
David's heart smote him after this numbering of the people : 
and David said to the Lord, I have sinned greatly in what I 
have done. Now therefore, Ο Lord, forgive, I beseech thee, 
the iniquity of thy servant, for I have acted very foolishly. 

1 1 And when David arose in the morning, a word of the Lord 
came to the prophet Gad, the seer, saying, Go and speak to Da- 

12 vid, and say, Thus saith the Lord, Three things I am ready 
to bring upon thee, chuse therefore for thyself one of them, 

13 that I may do it to thee. So Gad went to David, and deliver- 
ed the message, and said, Chuse what shall be done to thee. 
Shall three years of famine come on all thy land ? Or wilt thou 
flee three months before thine enemies while they pursue thee? 
Or shall there be three days of pestilence in thy land? Now 
therefore consider ; and see what answer I shall make to him 

14 who sent me. Thereupon David said to Gad, I am in great 

VOL. II. g 



Ch. XXIV. II. KINGS— II. SAMUEL. 

straits on every side. Pray let me fall into the hands of the 
Lord ; for very many and great are his mercies. But let me 

15 not fall into the hands of men. Now when David chose for 
himself the pestilence, it was the time of the wheat harvest. 
And the Lord sent a pestilence through Israel, from the morn- 
ing till the hour of dining. And the slaughter began among 
the people, and there died of the people from Dan to Bersa- 

16 bee, seventy thousand men. But when the angel of God 
stretched forth his hand against Jerusalem to destroy it, the 
Lord was moved with compassion at the calamity, and said to 
the angel who was making havock among the people, It is 
enough. Stay thy hand. Now the angel of the Lord was by 

17 the threshing floor of Orna the Jebusite. And when David 
saw the angel who was smiting the people, he addressed the 
Lord, and said, Behold here am I who have transgressed ! 
But as for this flock, what have they done? Let thy hand, I 

18 pray thee, be upon me, and upon my fathers house. Then 
Gad came to David that day, and said to him, Go up and erect 
an altar for the Lord, on the threshing floor of Orna the Jebu- 

19 site. So David went up according to the word of Gad, as the 

20 Lord had commanded him. And when Orna looked out, and 
saw the king and his servants coming up to him, he went out 
and bowed down to the king, with his face to the ground, and 

21 said, Why is my lord the king come to his servant? And Da- 
vid said, To purchase of thee this threshing floor to build an 
altar to the Lord, that the slaughter among the people may be 

22 stayed. Then Orna said to David, Let my lord the king take, 
and offer to the Lord what is agreeable to him. Behold here 
are cattle for a whole burnt offering, and the carts and the 

23 yokes of the cattle for fuel. All these Orna hath given to the 
king. And may the Lord thy God, said Orna addressing the 

24 king, bless thee. But the king said to Orna, No. Let me only 
purchase them of thee for their full value ; for I cannot offer to 
the Lord my God a whole burnt offering which costeth me 
nothing. So David purchased the threshing floor, and the 

25 cattle, for fifty shekels of silver. And David built there an 
altar to the Lord, and offered whole burnt offerings and peace 
offerings. Now Solomon afterwards enlarged this altar; for 
at first it was small. Thus the Lord was entreated for the 
land, and the slaughter was stopped from Israel. 



Cfa. I. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

I. When king David was old — far advanced in years, they 

2 covered him with clothes, but he was not warmed ; therefore 
his servants said, Let a young virgin be sought out for the 
king, that she may attend him, and chafe him, and lie in his 

3 bosom, that my lord the king may be warmed. So they sought 
for a beautiful virgin, through all the borders of Israel, and 
having found Abisag, the Somanite, they brought her to the 

4 king. The young woman was indeed very beautiful, and she 
chafed the king, and waited on him, but the king knew her not. 

5 Then Adonias, son of Aggith, took upon him state, say- 
ing, I shall be king ; and provided himself with chariots, and 

6 horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. And his father 
did not in the least restrain him nor say, Why hast thou done 
so ? Now in person he was very comely, and by birth next 

7 after Abessalom. And his plans were concerted with Joab, 
son of Saruia, and with Abiathar, the priest, and they abetted 

8 him. But Sadok the priest, and Banaias, son of Jodae, and 
Nathan the prophet, and Semei, and Resi, and the worthies of 

9 David, were not of his party. So having slain sheep, and ox- 
en, and lambs, at the fires of Zaelethi, which is near Rogel, 
Adonias invited all his brothers, and all the nobles of Juda, 

10 the king's servants; but did not invite Nathan the prophet, nor 

11 Banaias, nor the worthies, nor Solomon his brother. There- 
upon Nathan spoke to Bersabe, the mother of Solomon, say- 
ing, Hast thou not heard that Adonias, son of Aggith, doth 

12 reign, and David our lord knoweth it not? Now therefore 
come, I pray thee, let me advise thee. Save thine own life, and 

1 3 the life of thy son Solomon. Go immediately to king David, 
and say to him, Didst thou not, Ο my lord the king, swear to 
thy servant saying, Thy son Solomon shall reign after me, and 

14 he shall sit on my throne? Why then doth Adonias reign? 
And behold whilst thou art speaking with the king, I will 

15 come in after thee, and confirm thy words. So Bersabe went 
to the king, into the inner chamber. Now the king was very 

16 old, and Abisag the Somanite was waiting on him. And when 
Bersabe had bowed down, and made obeisance to the king, 

17 the king said to her, What is thy will? And she said, My 
lord, Thou didst swear to thy servant, by the Lord thy God, 
sa\ ing, Thy son Solomon shall reign after me, and sit on my 



Ch. I. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

18 throne. But now behold Adonias reigneth, and thou my lord 

19 the king dost not know it. He hath sacrificed oxen, and lambs, 
and sheep for the multitude, and invited all the king's sons, 
and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the captain general of the 

20 army, but hath not invited thy servant Solomon. Now there- 
fore my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are upon thee, to 
tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after 

21 him; otherwise when my lord the king shall sleep with his fa- 

22 thers, I, and Solomon my son, shall be deemed offenders. And 
behold while she was yet speaking to the king, Nathan the 
prophet came, and was announced to the king, Here is JVat/um 

23 the prophet. And when he came into the king's presence, and 
had made obeisance to the king, with his face to the ground, 

24 Nathan said, My lord the king, hast thou said, Adonias shall 

25 reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne? For he is gone 
down to-day, and hath sacrificed bullocks, and lambs, and sheep, 
for the multitude, and invited all the king's sons, and the chiefs 

26 of the army, and Abiathar the priest, and behold they are eat- 
ing and drinking in his presence, and have said, Long live 
king Adonias. But me thy servant, and Sadok the priest, and 
Banaias, son of Jodae, and Solomon thy servant, he hath not 

27 invited. If this is done by order of my lord the king, why hast 
thou not made known to thy servant who shall sit on the throne 

28 of my lord the king after him? And king David in reply said, 
Call Bersabe to me. And when she came in before the king, 

29 and stood in his presence, the king swore, saying, As the 
Lord liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all affliction, 

30 as I have sworn to thee by the Lord God of Israel, saying, 
Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my 

31 throne in my stead, even so will I do this very day. Thereupon 
Bersabe bowed down, with her face to the ground, and made 
obeisance to the king, and said, Let my lord king David live for- 

32 ever. Then king David said, Call to me Sadok the priest, and 

33 Nathan the prophet, and Banaias, son of Jodae. And when they 
came in before the king, he said to them, Take the servants of 
your lord the king with you, and mount my son Solomon on 

34 my mule, and conduct him down to Gion, and let Sadok the 
priest, and Nathan the prophet, anoint him to be king over Is- 

35 rael. Then sound the trumpet, and say, God save king Solo- 



Ch. I. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

mon. And let him sit on my throne, and reign in my stead, as 

36 I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Juda. There- 
upon Banaias, son of Jodae, answered the king and said, Be it 
so! May the Lord the God of my lord the king confirm it! 

37 As the Lord hath been with my lord the king, so may he be 
with Solomon, and magnify his throne above the throne of my 

38 lord king David ! Then Sadok the priest, and Nathan the pro- 
phet, and Banaias, son of Jodae, went down with the Chere- 
thites, and the Phelethites, and having mounted Solomon on 

39 king David's mule, they conducted him to Gion. And Sadok 
the priest took the horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and having 
anointed Solomon, he blew the trumpet, and all the people 

40 shouted, Live king Solomon! Then all the people followed 
him up, and danced in choirs, and made great rejoicings, so 

41 that the earth was rent with their shouting. And Adonias, and 
all his guests, heard it just as they had done eating. And when 
Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, What is this 

42 sound of the city in an uproar? And while he was speaking, be- 
hold Jonathan, son of Abiathar the priest, entered. And Ado- 
nias said, Come in, for thou art a man of valour, and must have 

43 brought good news. To which Jonathan replied, saying, Quite 

44 the reverse. Our lord king David hath made Solomon king. 
The king sent with him Sadok the priest, and Nathan the pro- 
phet, and Banaias son of Jodae, and the Cherethites and the 

45 Phelethites, and they mounted him on the king's mule. And 
Sadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, anointed him at Gi- 
on, and all the people went up thence rejoicing, so that the city 

46 resounded. This is the noise which you have heard. And while 

47 Solomon sat on the throne of the kingdom, the king's ser- 
vants went in to congratulate our lord king David, saying, God 
make the name of Solomon better than thy name, and magni- 
fy his throne above thy throne ! And the king bowed on his bed. 

48 And the king said to this effect. Blessed be the Lord God of 
Israel, who hath this day set one of my seed onmythrone, andmy 

49 eyes see it. Upon this all the guests of Adonias, were struck with 

50 consternation, andwentevery man his way. And Adonias, being 
afraid of Solomon, arose and went, and took hold of the horns 

51 of the altar. And when they told Solomon, saying, Behold Ado- 
nias is afraid of king Solomon, and hath hold of the horns of 
the altar, saying, Let Solomon this day swear to me that he 



Ch. II. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

52 will not slay his servant with the sword, Solomon said, If he 
shew himself a virtuous man, there shall not a hair of him fall 
to the ground; but if wickedness be found in him he shall be 

53 put to death. Then king Solomon sent, and they brought him 
down from the altar ; and when he came, and had done homage 
to king Solomon, Solomon said to him, Go to thy house. 

II. Now when David's days drew near that he should die, he 

2 spoke to his son Solomon, and said, I am going the way of all 

3 the earth, be thou therefore strong, and shew thyself a man, and 
keep the watch of the Lord thy God, to walk in his ways, and 
keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments, 
which are written in the law of Moses ; that thou mayst know 

4 what thou art to do, according to all that I command thee — 
that the Lord may establish his word which he hath spoken, 
saying, If thy children take heed to their ways, to walk before 
me in truth, with their whole heart, thou shalt not, said he, 

5 have a man cut oif from the throne of Israel. Now thou thyself 
knowest what Joab son of Saruia hath done to me — what he 
did to the two chiefs of the armies of Israel, to Abenner son of 
Ner, and to Amessai son of J ether. He indeed slew them, and 
shed the blood of war in peace, and stained, with guiltless 

6 blood, the girdle on his loins, and the shoes on his feet. Do 
thou therefore according to thy wisdom, so as not to let his 

7 grey hairs go down to the grave in peace. But shew kindness 
to the sons of Berzelli, the Galaadite, and let them eat at thy 
table ; for so they were near me, when I fled from the face of 
thy brother Abessalom. 

8 Behold also thou hast with thee Semei, son of Gera, the 
Jeminite of Baurim. Though he cursed me with a bitter curse 
on the day when I was marching to Camps, yet he came down 
to the Jordan to meet me, and I swore to him by the Lord, 

9 saying, I will not put thee to death with the sword. Now thou 
art not to hold him guiltless. As thou art a wise man, thou 
thyself therefore wilt know what to do to him, and wilt bring 
down his grey hairs to the grave with blood. 

10 Then David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the 

11 city of David. Now all the days which David reigned over Is- 
rael were forty years. He reigned seven years at Chebron, and 
thirty three years at Jerusalem. 



Ch. II. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

12 When Solomon sat on the throne of his father David, and 

13 his kingdom was well established; Adonias, son of Aggith, 
went to Bersabe, the mother of Solomon, and bowed to her. 

14 Whereupon she said to him, Is thy coming peaceable? And 
he said, It is peaceable. I have something to say to thee. And 

15 she said to him, Say on. Then he said to her, Thou knowest 
that the kingdom belonged to me, and that all Israel looked on 
me as king. But the kingdom is transferred, and become my 
brother's, because it was his from the Lord. Now therefore I 

16 have a favour to ask of thee, do not refuse it. And Bersabe 

17 said to him, Proceed. Then he said to her, Speak, I pray thee 
to Solomon, for he will not refuse thee, that he may give me 

18 Abisag, the Somanite, for a wife. Thereupon Bersabe said, 

19 Well, I will speak to the king for thee. So Bersabe went to 
king Solomon, to speak to him concerning Adonias. And the 
king arose to meet her, and saluted her, and when he sat down 
on the throne, there was a throne set for the king's mother, and 

20 she sat on his right hand, and said to him, I have a small fa- 
vour to ask of thee, do not refuse me. And the king said to her, 

21 Ask it, my mother, I will not reject thee. Then she said, I pray 
thee, let Abisag, the Somanite, be given to thy brother Ado- 

22 nias for a wife. Whereupon king Solomon in reply to his mo- 
ther, said, But why hast thou asked Abisag for Adonias? Ask 
for him the kingdom also; for he is my elder brother, and 
Abiathar is his priest, and Joab, son of Saruia, his captain ge- 

23 neral, and his friend. Then king Solomon swore by the Lord, 
saying, God do so to me and more also, if Adonias hath not 

24 spoken this against his own life. Now therefore as the Lord 
liveth, who hath prepared me, and set me on the throne of my 
father David, and hath made for me a house, as he hath spoken, 

25 Adonias shall this day be put to death. So king Solomon sent 

26 by the hand of Banaias, son of Jodae, and he slew him. And 
when Adonias was dead, on the very same day, the king said 
to Abiathar, Begone speedily to thy fields at Anathoth, for thou 
art this day a condemned man, but I will not put thee to death, 
because thou didst carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord 
before my father, and hast shared in all the afflictions with 

2T which my father was afflicted. So Solomon expelled Abiathar 
from being the priest of the Lord, so that the word of the Lord 



Ch. III. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

was fulfilled, which he spoke against the house of Eli at 

28 Selom. Now when the news came to Joab, son of Saruia, be- 
cause he had been of Adonias' party, and not a follower of So- 
lomon, therefore Joab fled to the tabernacle of the Lord, and 

29 took hold of the horns of the altar. And when they told Solo- 
mon, saying, Joab hath fled to the tabernacle of the Lord, and 
behold he hath hold of the horns of the altar, king Solomon 
sent to Joab, saying, What is the matter with thee, that thou 
hast fled to the altar. Thereupon Joab said, Because I was 
afraid of thee, therefore I fled to the Lord. Then Solomon sent 
Banaias, son of Jodae, saying, Go, and kill him, and bury him. 

30 So Banaias, son of Jodae, went to Joab, to the tabernacle of 
the Lord, and said to him, Thus saith the king, Come out. 
And Joab said, I will not go out, for I will die here. Upon 
which Banaias, son of Jodae, returned and told the king, say- 

31 ing, Thus did Joab say, and thus he answered me; and the 
king said to him, Go and do to him as he hath spoken. Kill 
him, and bury him, and take away this day, the blood which 

32 he shed without cause, from me and my father's house. The 
Lord indeed hath turned the blood of his iniquity on his head. 
Because he fell upon two men more righteous, and better than 
himself, and slew them with the sword, and my father David 
knew not of their blood, namely Abenner, son of Ner, the 
captain general of Israel, and Amessai, son of Jether, the cap- 

33 tain general of Juda ; therefore their blood is returned on his 
own head, and on the head of his seed forever. But on David, 
and his seed, and on his house, and his throne, let there be 

34 peace from the Lord forever. So Banaias, son of Jodae, went up, 
and fell upon Joab ; and when he had slain him, he buried him, 

35 at his house in the wilderness ; and the king set Banaias, son 
of Jodae, over the army in his stead. 

III. Now the regal government was established at Jerusalem, 
and the king made Sadok the priest, the first priest, in the 
room of Abiathar. And Solomon, son of David, reigned over 
Israel and Juda at Jerusalem. And the Lord gave Solomon 
understanding, and comprehensive wisdom, and an enlarge- 
ment of heart, like the sand on the sea shore ; so that the know- 
ledge of Solomon was enlarged far above the knowledge of all 
the ancients, and above all the wise men of Egypt. And he took 



Ch. II. III. KINGS—I. KINGS. 

the daughter of Pharao, and brought her to the city of David, 
until he finished building his own house, and the house of the 
Lord, which he did first, and also the wall of Jerusalem round 
about. These he began, and finished in seven years; for he 
had seventy thousand men who carried burdens, and eighty 
thousand hewers of stone on the mountains. And Solomon 
madethe^sea, and its supporters, and the great lavers, and the 
pillars, and the fountain in the court. And over the brazen sea 
he built the turreted shelter for it, and cut a canal through the 
city of David. And when Pharao's daughter went up out of 
the city of David into her house, which he had built for her, he 
then built the citadel. And Solomon offered, every year, three 
whole burnt offerings, and peace offerings, on die altar which 
he built for the Lord, and he burned incense before the Lord, 
and finished the house. Now the chiefs who were set over the 
works of Solomon were three thousand six hundred. They 
superintended the people who performed the works. He built 
also Assour, and Magdo, and Gazer, and upper Baithoron, and 
Ballath. But this was after he had built the house of the Lord, 
and the wall of Jerusalem round about. After finishing these 
he built the cities above mentioned. 

Now while David was still alive he gave a charge to Solo- 
mon, saying, Behold thou hast with thee Semei, son of Gera, 
a descendant of the seed of Jemihi of Chebron. He cursed me 
with a bitter curse when I was marching to Camps. But he 
came down to the Jordan to meet me, therefore I swore to him 
by the Lord saying, Thou shalt not be put to death with the 
sword. Now thou art not to hold him guiltless. As thou art a 
wise man thou thyself therefore wilt know what to do to him, 
and wilt bring down his grey hairs to the grave with blood. 

36 Therefore the king sent for Semei, and said to him, Build thy- 
self a house in Jerusalem and dwell there, and thou shalt not 

37 go out thence any where. For be assured that on the day thou 
goestout, and crossest the brook Kedron, thou shalt be put to 
death. Thy blood shall be on thy own head. And the king 

38 caused him to take an oath that day. And Semei said to the 
king, Good is the word which thou my lord the king hast spo- 
ken. Thy servant will do so. Accordingly Semei dwelt in Je- 

39 rusalcm three years. But it happened, that after the three years. 

VOL. II. η 



Ch. II. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

two slaves of Semei ran away to Angchus son of Maacha king 
of Geth. And when Semei was told that his slaves were at 
Geth, he arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Geth to Ang- 

40 chus to seek them. And when he had gone, and brought them 

41 back from Geth, Solomon was informed that Semei had gone 

42 from Jerusalem to Geth, and brought back his slaves. Upon 
which the king sent for Semei, and said to him, Did I not ad- 
jure thee by the Lord, and protest to thee saying, Be assured 
that on the day thou goest out of Jerusalem to any place what- 

43 ever thou shalt surely die ? Why then hast thou not kept the 
oath of the Lord, and the command which I enjoined thee? 

44 Moreover the king said to Semei, Thou knowest all thy wick- 
edness, and thy heart is privy to all that thou didst to my father 
David, therefore the Lord hath turned thy wickedness on thy 

45 own head ; and king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne 

46 of David shall be established before the Lord forever. Then 
king Solomon gave orders to Banaias, son of Jodae, and he 
went and slew him. 

Now king Solomon was very prudent and wise ; and Juda 
46 and Israel were exceedingly numerous, like the sand on the 
sea shore for multitude, eating, and drinking, and rejoicing. 
And Solomon was chief among all the kingdoms, and they 
brought him gifts, and served him all the days of his life. And 
Solomon began opening the fastnesses of Libanus, and he built 
Thermal in the wilderness. And this was Solomon's allowance 
for dinner, thirty cores of fine flour, and sixty cores of barley 
meal ; ten beeves stall fed, and twenty beeves from the pasture, 
and one hundred sheep, besides hinds, fallow deer, and choice 
fatted fowls ; for he was supreme over all the country on this 
side the river, from Raphi to Gaza, over all the kings border- 
ing on the river, and he was at peace with all around him ; so 
that Juda and Israel dwelt securely, every one under his own 
vine and under his own fig tree, eating and drinking, and feast- 
ing, from Dan to Bersabee, all the days of Solomon. And these 
were Solomon's principal officers, Azarias son of Sadok was 
priest^ and Ornias son of Nathan was chief over the overseers; 
and Edramen was steward ; and Suba scribe, and Basa son of 
Achithalam, recorder, and Abi son of Joab, captain general of 
the army ; and Achire son of Edrai was at the head of the board 



Ch. III. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

of works ; and Banaias son of Jodae was captain of the guards ; 
and Kashur son of Nathan, counsellor. And Solomon had four 
thousand breeding mares for carriages, and twelve thousand 
horses. And he was supreme over all the kings from the river 
to the land of the Philistines, and even to the borders of Egypt. 
III. Now Solomon son of David reigned over Israel and Juda 
in Jerusalem ; but the people were in the practice of burning 
incense on the high places, because till this time there was not 

3 a house built to the Lord. And Solomon loved the Lord, to 
walk in the statutes of his father David; but he sacrificed and 

4 burned incense on the high places. So he arose and went to 
Gabaon because it was the highest and greatest to sacrifice 
there. And when Solomon had offered there a whole burnt of- 
fering of a thousand victims upon the altar at Gabaon, the Lord 

5 appeared to him that night in a dream, and said to him, Ask 

6 for thyself any favour. Thereupon Solomon said, Thou hast 
shewn great kindness to thy servant David my father. As he 
walked before thee in truth and righteousness and in upright- 
ness of heart with thee, thou therefore hast kept for him this 

7 great kindness to set his son on his throne as at this day. Now 
therefore, Ο Lord my God, as thou hast appointed me thy ser- 
vant in the room of my father David, and I am but a little child 

8 and know not how to go out and come in, and thy servant is 
in the midst of thy people whom thou hast chosen, an immense 

9 people which cannot be numbered, give therefore to thy ser- 
vant a heart to hear and to judge thy people righteously, and to 
discern between good and evil ; for who can judge this thy peo- 

10 pie, this great people which is so numerous? And it was well 
pleasing in the sight of the Lord that Solomon made this re- 

1 1 quest ; therefore the Lord said to him, Because thou hast asked 
this of me, and hast not asked for thyself many days, nor riches, 
nor the life of thine enemies, but hast asked for thyself under- 
stinding to discern judgment, behold I have granted thy re- 

12 quest — behold I have given thee a wise and understanding 
heart, so that before thee there hath not been one like thee, nor 

1 3 after thee shall there arise one like thee. Moreover I have given 
thee what thou didst not ask, riches and glory; so that there 

14 hath not been among kings a man like thee. And if thou wilt 
walk in my ways to keep my commandments and my statutes, 



Ch. IV. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

as thy father David did, I will also multiply thy days! .And 

15 Solomon awoke, and behold it was a dream. Then he arose and 
came to Jerusalem, and stood before the altar which is in front 
of the ark of the covenant of the Lord in Sion, and oifered 
whole burnt offerings; and having offered also offerings of 
thanksgiving, he made a great entertainment for himself and 

16 all his servants. Then there appeared before the king two wo- 
men who were harlots, and when they stood in his presence 

17 one of them said, Hear me, my lord, I and this woman dwell 
in one house, and we were delivered of children in the same 

18 house. And it happened that the third day after my delivery 
this woman was delivered. We were together. There is no 

19 body with us — none but we two in the house. And this wo- 

20 man's son died in the night, as she overlaid it. And she arose 
in the middle of the night, and took my son out of my arms, 
and laid it in her bosom; and her own child which was dead, 

21 she laid in my bosom. So when I arose in the morning to give 
my son suck, behold it was dead. But when I examined it at- 
tentively in the morning, behold it was not my son whom I 

22 bore. And the other woman said, No: but the living is my 

23 son and the dead is thy son. And when both had spoken before 
the king, he said to them, Thou sayst, This is my child which 
is alive, and that which is dead is that woman's child. And 
thou sayst, No : but the living is my son, and the dead is thy 

24 son. Then the king said, Bring me a sword. And when they 

25 had laid the sword before the king, he said, Divide the living 
child — the infant, in two ; and give one half to this woman and 

26 the other half to that woman. Upon this the woman whose son 
the living child really was, answered and said to the king — be- 
cause her bowels yearned for her son, therefore she said, I be- 

27 seech thee my lord, Give her the child. Do not kill it. But the 
other said, Let it be neither mine nor hers. Divide it. Then 
the king answered and said, Give the child to her who said, 
Give the child to her and do not kill it ; For she is the mother. 

28 And when all Israel heard the judgment which the king had 
given, they feared the king, for they saw that there was in him 
the wisdom of God to execute judgment. 

IV. Now when king Solomon reigned over Israel these were 
his principal officers. Azarias son of Sadok, Eliaph and Achia 



Ch. IV. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

sons of Seba were scribes, and Josaphat son of Achilud recorder; 
and Banaias son of Jodae captain general of die army, and Sa- 
dok and Abiathar chief priests ; and Ornia son of Nathan su- 
perintendant of the overseers ; and Zabnth son of Nathan the 

6 king's companion, and Achisar was steward ; and Eliak high 
steward; and Eliab son of Saph was over the household; and 

7 Adoniram son of Audon was over the tribute. And Solomon 
had twelve officers over all Israel to supply the king and his 
household, each to furnish supplies one month in the year, 

8 and these were their names. Been son of Or on mount Ephraim, 
.9 one. Son Dakar, at Makis, and at Salabin, and atBaithsamys, 

10 and Elon even ta Bethanon, another. Son Esdi at Araboth ; 

11 to him belonged Socho and all the land of Opher. And over 
all Nephador was son Aminadab, who had to wife Tephath, 

12 a daughter of Solomon, another. Bana son of Achiluth had 
Ithanach and Mageddo and all the house of San, which is by 
Sephanan below Esrae, and from Bethsan to Sabelmaula even 

13 to Maeberlukam, another. Son Naber at Raboth Galaad; he 
had the district of Ergab in Basan, containing sixty large 

14 cities with walls and brasen bars, another. Achinadab son of 

15 Saddo at Maanaim. Achimaas, who married Basemmath a 

16 daughter of Solomon, was in Nepbthaleim, another. Bana 

18 son of Chousi in Asser and in Baaloth, another. Semei son 

19 of Ela in Benjamin. Gabel* son of Adai in the land of Gad, 
which belonged to Seon king of Esebon and Og king of Ba- 

17 san, and Naseph, one; in the land of Juda; Josaphat son of Phaa- 

27 sud in Issachar. These officers thus stationed furnished sup- 
plies for king Solomon, and all things ordered for the king's 
table, each his month, without the least variation from what 

28 was ordered. The barley and straw, for the horses and chariot 
mares, they carried to the place where the king happened to 

22 be, each in his course. Now dxese were the stated portions 
for Solomon every day, thirty cores of fine flour and sixty 

23 cores of barley meal ; ten choice young beeves, and twenty 
beeves from the pasture, and one hundred sheep besides hinds 

24 and fallow deer, and fatted fowls ; for he was supreme on this 

29 side the river, and was at peace with all around. And the Lord 
gave Solomon understanding and very comprehensive know- 
ledge ; and the effusions of his heart were like the sand on the 



Ch. V. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

30 sea shore ; so that Solomon far excelled the wisdom of all the 

31 ancients and all the wise men of Egypt. He gave specimens 
of wisdom beyond all men — far beyond Gaithan the Zarite, 

32 and Ainan, and Chelkad and Darala, the sons of Mai. He 
uttered three thousand parables, and-his odes were five thoiu 

33 sand. He spoke of trees from the cedar which is on Lebanon, 
to the hyssop which springeth out of the wall. He spoke also 

34 of cattle, and of fowls, and of reptiles, and of fishes. And 
there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and 
from all the kings of the earth who heard the fame thereof. 
And Solomon took to wife the daughter of Pharao,and brought 
her to the city of David until he built the house of the Lord, 
and his own house, and the wall of Jerusalem : and Pharao 
king of Egypt, came up and took Gazer, and burned it, and 
subdued the Chananites who dwelt in Mergab, and gave them 
as a potion to his daughter, Solomon's wife, and Solomon 
rebuiitoazer. 

Y. When Chiram king of Tyre sent his servants to anoint So- 
lomon in the room of his father David, because Chiram con- 
tinued to love David all his days, therefore Solomon sent to 

2 Chiram saying, Thou knowest that my father could not build 

3 a house to the name of the Lord my God, on account of the 
wars with those around him on every side, until the Lord put 

4 them under the soles of his feet. But now the Lord my God 
hath given me rest round about. I have no adversary, nor any 

5 evil occurrence. Therefore I purpose to build a house for the 
name of the Lord my God ; as the Lord my God spoke to 
my father David, saying, Thy son, whom I will set on thy 

6 throne in thy stead, shall build the house to my name. Now 
therefore give orders, and let timber be cut for me from Li- 
banus; and behold my servants shall be with thy servants, 
and I will pay thee such hire for the service as thou shalt ap- 
point: for thou knowest that we have none skilled in hewing 

7 timber like the Sidonians. And when Chiram heard the words 
of Solomon he was exceedingly glad, and said, Blessed be 
God this day who hath given David a prudent son over this 

8 great people. Then he sent to Solomon saying, I have consi- 
dered all that thou hast proposed to me, and I will execute all 

9 thy pleasure. With respect to the cedar, and fir timber, my 



Ch. VI. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

servants shall bring it down from Libanus to the sea; and I 
will send it in rafts to the place which thou shalt appoint, and 
land it there that thou mayst take it away. And thou wilt 
accomplish my pleasure in supplying my household with bread. 

10 So Chiram furnished Solomon with cedar and fir timber to 

1 1 his utmost wish. And Solomon gave Chiram, twenty thou- 
sand cores of wheat for his household, and twenty thousand 

12 baths of expressed oil. This Solomon gave to Chiram every 
year. And the Lord gave Solomon wisdom as he said to him. 
And there was peace between Chiram and Solomon and they 

13 made a league between them. And the king made a levy out 

14 of all Israel, and the levy was thirty thousand men. These 
he sent to Libanus, ten thousand every month, by turns, so 
that they were one month at Libanus, and two at home. And 

15 Adoniram was over this levy. And Solomon had seventy 
thousand men who carried burdens, and eighty thousand hew- 

16 ers of stone, in the mountains, exclusive of the officers who 
superintended the works of Solomon, and who amounted to 

17 three thousand six hundred. And these workmen were three 
years preparing the stones and the timber. 

VI. Now in the four hundred and fortieth year of the depar- 
ture of the Israelites out of Egypt, in the fourth year and 

17 second month of king Solomon's reign over Israel, the king 
having given orders for bringing great costly stones for the 

18 foundation of the house, even hewn stones; and the men of 
Solomon and those of Chiram having hewn them, they began 

1 laying them. In the fourth year he laid the foundation of the 

38 house of the Lord, in the month of Ziu, which is the second 

month, and in the eleventh year, in the month Baal, which 

is the eighth month, the house with all its appendages was 

completely finished. 

Now the house which the king built for the Lord, was 
forty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twen- 

3 ty five cubits in height. And the Ailam in front of the temple 
Mas twenty cubits in length commensurate with the breadth 

4 of the house. And when he had built the house, and finished 

5 it he made windows for the house, wide within and narrow 
without and placed against the wall of the house, galleries all 

6 around uV temple and the dabir. The lower gallery was five 



Ch. VI. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

cubits broad, and the middle six, and the third seven cubits 
broad; for he made ledges to the house, all around on the out- 
side of the house that the beams might not be fastened into 

7 the walls of the house. Now the house when building was built 
with white hewn stones, so that not a mallet nor a hammer norany 
instmment of iron was heard in the house while it was build- 

8 ing. The entrance into the lower gallery was under the right 
shoulder of the house ; and there were winding stairs up to the 

9 middle and from the middle to the third gallery. And when 
he had compleated the building of the house he wainscotted 

10 it with cedar. And having built the binding walls through 
the whole house to the height of five cubits, he connected the 

15 binding wall with cedar beams. And having lined the walls 
of the house on the inside with planks of cedar, from the ground 
floor of the house up the walls and to the beams, and vaulted 
the ceiling on the inside with beams, he covered the floor of 

16 the house with planks of fir. And he built up the twenty cu- 
bits from the end wall as one compartment from the floor to 
the beams, and made of that the dabir — the holy of holies; 

17 (the temple being forty cubits, the front of the dabir was in 

18 the middle of the house on the inside) to put there the ark of 

20 the covenant of the Lord. The length of this compartment 
was twenty cubits, and the breadth twenty cubits, and the 

21 height twenty cubits, and he covered it with plated gold. When 
he had made the altar in front of the dabir and overlaid it with 
gold, he covered all this compartment with gold at the com- 

23 plete finishing of the whole house. And in the dabir, he made 

24 two cherubim ; ten cubits the exact magnitude, and five cu- 
bits the wing of one cherubim, and five cubits its other wing, 
making ten cubits from the tip of one wing, to the tip of the 

25 other wing. And so in respect to the other cherubim. In 

26 measure and workmanship, they were both alike. The height 
of the one cherubim was ten cubits, and that of the other che- 

27 rubim was the same. And both the cherubim were in the 
middle of the innermost house, and they spread their wings so 
that a wing of one cherubim touched one wall, and a wing of 
the other cherubim touched the other wall, and their wings 

28 touched one another in the middle of the house. And he over- 

29 laid the cherubim with gold, and engraved all the walls of the 



Ch. VII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

house round about with engravings of cherubim and palm 

30 trees, both in the inner and outer apartment. And he overlaid 
the floor both of the inner and outer apartment with gold. 

31 And for the entrance into the dabir he made doors of juniper 

34 wood. The four cheeks for both the doors were of fir, and 
each door consisted of two leaves which turned each on its 

35 own hinges. And the doors were carved with cherubim and 
palm trees and open leaves, and covered with gold fitted to the 

36 carving. He built also the inner court with three rows of hewn 
stone, and one row of cedar beams ; and he made the curtain 
for the court of the porch of the house which was in the front 
of the temple. 

VII. Now king Solomon had sent and brought from Tyre a 

14 widow's son named Chiram. He was of the tribe of Nephtha- 
leim, though his father was a Tyrian. He was a worker in 
brass, a complete artist, filled with understanding and know- 
ledge to execute all kinds of brass work. So he was brought 

15 to king Solomon, and executed all his works. He cast two 
pillars for the ailam [or porch] of the house : The height of 
each pillar was eighteen cubits, and the circumference there- 

16 of fourteen cubits, and the flutings four fingers. And he cast 
two chapiters to be put on the tops of the pillars ; the height 

17 of each chapiter was five cubits. He made also two pieces of 
net work to cover the chapiters of the pillars ; one piece of net 

18 work for each chapiter. They were a pensile work, with two 
rows of brass pomegranates in the form of netting, a pensile 

21 work, row above row. And he set up the two pillars in the 
ailam of the temple. And when he set up the one pillar he 
called its name Jachum ; and when he set up the other pillar 

22 he called its name Boloz . And on the capitals of the pillars 
there was a lilly work of four cubits, towards the ailam, and 
a projected ledge over the two pillars, and this ledge by its 

23 thickness was a covering above the sides. He made also the 
sea, ten cubits from brim to brim, uniformly round, all about. 
It was five cubits high <*lnd thirty three cubits in circum- 

24 ference. Under its brim, embossments surrounded it, ten to a 
cubit all around. And the brim of it was like the workmanship 

25 of the brim of a cup, with lilly buds. And its thickness was 
a hand breadth. And under the sea were twelve beeves, three 

VOL. II. ι 



Ch. VII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

looking to the north, and three looking to the west, and three 
looking to the south, and three looking to the east, and all their 
hinder parts were inward, and the sea was above upon them. 

27 And he made ten mechonoths [cisterns] of brass, five cubits 
the length of one mechonoth, and four cubits the breadth, and 

28 six cubits the height. And the mechonoths had all the same 
kind of engraved borders, and there were engravings between 
the prominences; and on their engraved parts between the 

29 prominences were lions, and beeves, and cherubim ; and on 
the embossments, above and below the lions and beeves, were 

30 fields in bass relief. And each mechonoth had four wheels of 
brass, and the naves were of brass, and at their four corners 

31 there were shoulders under the cisterns, for the axles of the 

32 wheels to each mechonoth. And the height of each wheel 

33 was a cubit and a half. And the workmanship of the wheels 
was like that of the wheels of a chariot ; and their axles and 

34 their felloes and their spokes were all cast. As to the four 
shoulders at the four corners of each mechonoth, the shoul- 

35 ders were a part of the mechonoth itself. And on the top of 
the mechonoth there was a cylindrical border, of half a cubit 
broad, round about on the top of the mechonoth ; and it was 
the beginning of its handles and its engravings ; and there was 

36 a cock at the ends of its handles. And the sculptures thereon — 
the cherubim, and the lions, and the palm trees, were in re- 

37 lievo, each being smooth on the inside all around. In the 
same manner he made all the ten mechonoths, they being all 

38 of the same form and measure. He made also ten large pots of 
brass, each pot containing forty baths, and measuring four cu- 

39 bits. A large pot for every one of the ten mechonoths. And he 
placed five mechonoths at the right corner of the house, and 

40 five at the left corner of the house, and the sea was at the right 
corner, southward, facing the east. Chiram made also the ket- 
tles and the cauldrons and the basons. Thus Chiram finished 

41 completely all these works which he made for king Solomon 
for the house of the Lord, namely, the two pillars, and the 
wreathed works of the pillars on the chapiters of the two pillars, 
and the two pieces of net work to cover the wreaths of the 

42 coverings which were on the pillars, the four hundred pome- 
granates on the two pieces of net work, there being two rows 



Ch. VII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

of pomegranates to each piece of net work for covering the 

43 wreaths of the chapiters on the two pillars ; and the ten mecho- 

44 noths, with the ten large pots for the mechonoths ; and the 

45 sea with the twelve beeves under the sea ; and the kettles, and 
the cauldrons, and the bowls, and all the utensils which he 
made for king Solomon for the house of the Lord. Now the 
pillars for the house of the king, and for the house of the Lord, 
were in all forty eight. All these works of the king, Chiram 

47 made entirely of brass. There was no weighing the brass of 
which he made all these works. On account of the immense 
quantity there was no computation of the \veight of the brass. 

46 These he cast on the bank of the Jordan, in the clay ground, 

48 between Sokkoth and Seira. And Solomon the king took the 
utensils which he made for the house of the Lord, the golden 
altar, and the table of gold on which was to be laid the shew 

49 bread, and the five candlesticks on the left, and the five on their 
right in front of the dabir, which were of beaten gold, and the 

50 lamp-stands with the lamps, and the snufters, which were al- 
so of gold, and the doors with the nails, and the cups, and the 
dishes, and the censers, which were of gold and embossed, 
and the leaves of the doors of the inner house — the holy of 
holies, and the doors of the temple which were overlaid with 

51 gold. And when all the work was finished which Solomon 
made for the house of the Lord, then Solomon brought the de- 
dications of his father David, and his own dedications, the sil- 
ver and the gold, and the utensils, and deposited them in the 
treasuries of the house of the Lord. 

1 Then was Solomon thirteen years building a house for him- 

2 self. He built it with timber from the forest of Libanus. The 
length of it was a hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty cubits, 
and the height thirty cubits. It had three rows of cedar pillars, 
and the shoulders of the pillars were of cedar, and he vaulted 

3 the house above on the sides of the pillars. The number of 

4 pillars were forty, and five the row. And there were three gal- 

5 leries, story above story thrice. And all the doors and windows, 
with the spaces between, were squares arched, windows and 

6 doors being over one another in three ranges. And the ailam 
of the pillars which was fifty cubits in length, and fifty cubits 
in breadth, was joined to another ailam of the same dimen- 



Ch. VIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

sions in front of them, and the thickness of the pillars in front 

7 of it was for the ailamins. And the ailam of thrones, where 

8 he was to administer justice, was the ailam of judgment. And 
both were appurtenant to the house in which he was to dwell. 
They had one court communicating with both. Of the same 
workmanship, and with such an ailam, he built a house for 

9 Pharao's daughter whom he had married. All these were of 
costly stones engraved within from the base, and without to- 
wards the great court from the foundation to the copings, the 

10 foundation of the court being laid with large costly stones — 

1 1 with stones of ten cubits, and those of eight cubits ; and above 
with unhewn costly stones, of the same dimensions, and cedar 

12 beams; for the great court round about was enclosed with 
three rows of unpolished stones, and one row of cedar. Thus 
Solomon finished the whole house. 

VIII. When Solomon had finished building the house of the 
Lord, and his own house, at the end of twenty years Solo- 
mon the king assembled all the elders of Israel at Sion, in or- 
der to carry up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the 

4 city of David, that is Sion, in the month Athanin. And the 
priests carried the ark and the tabernacle of the testimony 
and the holy utensils, which were in the tabernacle of the tes- 

5 timony. And the king and all Israel were before the ark, 

6 sacrificing sheep and beeves without number, while the priests 
were carrying the ark into its place — into the dabir of the 

7 house — into the Holy of Holies — under the wings of the che- 
rubim ; for the cherubim had their wings spread out over the 

8 place of the ark, and from above covered the ark and the hal- 
lowed things thereof, and were above these hallowed things. 
Now the heads of these hallowed things were seen from the 
Holies in front of the dabir, but were not seen from without. 

9 There was nothing in the ark but the two tables of stone — 
the tables of the covenant which Moses made at Choreb — 
which the Lord established with the children of Israel on 

10 their coming out of the land of Egypt. And it came to pass 

11 that when the priests came out of the holy place, the cloud 
filled the house, so that the priests could not stand to minister 

14 because of the cloud. Because the glory of the Lord filled the 
house, therefore the king, turned away his face. And when 



Ch. VIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

the king had blessed all Israel, and all the congregation of 
Israel stood up, then he said, 

15 Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel this day, who with 
his. mouth spake concerning my father David, and hath with 
his hands fulfilled, as he said, From the day I brought my peo- 

16 pie Israel out of Egypt, I made no choice of a city in any tribe 
of Israel to build a house for my name to be there. Now I 
have made choice of Jerusalem for my name to be there, and 

17 have chosen David to be over my people Israel. But when it 
was in the heart of my father to build a house for the name 
of the Lord God of Israel, the Lord said to David my father, 

18 Because it came into thy heart to build a house for my name, 

1 9 thou didst well that it was in thy heart ; but as for thee, thou 
art not to build a house for me, but thy son only who hath 
sprung from thy loins — he shall build the house for my name, 

20 Now the Lord hath brought to pass that word of his which 
he spake, and I am risen up instead of my father David, and 
have sat on the throne of Israel, as the Lord spake, and have 

21 built the house for the name of the Lord God of Israel, and 
established there a place for the ark, in which is the covenant 
of the Lord, which the Lord established with our fathers when 
he brought them out of the land of Egypt. 

22 Then Solomon went up over against the altar of the Lord, 
in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread 
forth his hands towards heaven and said, 

23 Ο Lord the God of Israel, there is no god like thee in the 
heaven above and on the earth below, keeping covenant and 
mercy with thy servant who walketh before thee with his whole 

24 heart. These thou hast kept with thy servant David, my fa- 
ther: for what thou didst speak with thy mouth, thou hast 

25 with thy hands fulfilled as at this very day. Now therefore, Ο 
Lord God of Israel, keep with thy servant David, my father, 
what thou hast spoken to him, saying, There shall not be ' 
taken from thee out of my presence a chief man sitting upon 
the throne of Israel, provided thy children take heed to their 

26 \vays, to walk before me as thou hast walked before me. Now 
then, Ο Lord God of Israel, let I beseech thee, this word of 
thine to my father David be confirmed, that it may be so. 

27 Will God indeed dwell with men on the earth ! Ι Γ 



Ch. VIII. III. KINGS—I. KINGS. 

the heaven and the heaven of heaven will not suffice thee, 
far less indeed this house which I have built for thy name. 

28 Yet thou, Ο Lord, the God of Israel wilt look down on this 
supplication of mine to hearken to the prayer which thy ser- 
vant this day in thy presence praycth to thee, that thine eyes 

29 may be open day and night on this house — on this place of 
which thou hast said, My name shall be there, that thou 
mayst hearken to the prayer which thy servant prayeth toward 
this place day and night. 

30 Thou indeed wilt hearken to the supplication of thy ser- 
vant and of thy people Israel. Whatever they may address to- 
wards this place thou indeed wilt hearken to it in the place of 
thy habitation in heaven, and wilt do and be merciful. 

31 Whatever trespass any one may commit against his neigh- 
bour, when he shall take upon him a curse to curse him, and 

32 come and plead before this altar of thine in this house ; thou 
indeed wilt hearken from heaven and act and judge thy peo- 
ple Israel, by condemning the transgressor, and retributing 
his way upon his head, and by justifying the righteous and 
giving him according to his righteousness. 

33 When thy people Israel fall before enemies, because they 
have sinned against thee, and shall return and confess thy 

34 name, and pray and make supplication in this house; thou 
indeed wilt hear from heaven and pardon the sins of thy people 
Israel, and bring them back to the land which thou gavest 
to their fathers. 

35 When the heaven is shut up and there is no rain because 
of their sinning against thee ; when they shall pray towards 
this place, and confess thy name and turn from their sins when 

36 thou hast humbled them ; thou indeed wilt hearken from 
heaven, and pardon the sins of thy servant and of thy people 
Israel ; for thou wilt shew them the good way, and give rain 
for the land which thou gavest to tin* people for an inheritance. 

37 If there be famine, if there be pestilence (for such things 
will be) if there be blasting, locust, mildew; or if their enemy 
afflict them in any of their cities, in every occurrence, in every 

38 distress, whatever prayer, whatever supplication any man shall 
make, when they know every one the plague of his own heart, 

39 and shall spread forth his hands toward this house ; thou in- 



Ch. VIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

deed wilt hearken from heaven — from thy settled habitation 
and be merciful, and do and give to every man as thou know- 
est his heart (for thou alone knowest the hearts of all the chil- 

40 dren of men) that they may fear thee all the days they live in 
the land which thou gavest to their fathers. 

41 And with regard to the stranger who is not of thy people 

42 Israel, when they shall come and pray toward this place ; thou 

43 indeed wilt hearken from heaven — from thy settled habitation, 
and do according to all, for which the stranger may call upon 
thee, that all nations may know thy name and fear thee as thy 
people Israel do, and that they may know that this house which 
I have built, is called by thy name. 

44 Because thy people are to go out to battle against their 
enemies whithersoever thou shalt send them, when they shall 
pray in the name of the Lord toward this city, which thou 
hast chosen, and this house which I have built for thy name; 

45 thou indeed wilt hearken from heaven to their prayer and do 
them justice. 

46 Because they will sin against thee (for there is no man who 
will not sin ;) when thou shalt punish them, and deliver them 
up before their enemies ; and they who have captivated them 

47 shall cany them away captive to a land far off" or near; and 
they bethink themselves in the land to which they'have been 
carried captives, and in the land of their captivity repent and 
pray to thee, saying, We have sinned ; we have transgressed ; 

48 we have committed iniquity ; and turn to thee with their whole 
heart, and with their w r hole soul, in the land of their enemies, 
to which thou hast transported them ; and direct their prayers 
to thee, toward this land which thou gavest to their fathers, 
and this city which thou hast chosen, and this house which 

49 I have built for thy name; thou indeed wilt hearken from 

50 heaven, from thy settled habitation, and pardon the iniquities 
which they have committed against thee, and all the acts of 
disobedience of which they have been guilty; and make them 
objects of compassion in the sight of those who have captivat- 
ed them, that they may have compassion on them. 

,51 Because we are thy people whom thou hast brought out of 
the land of Egypt — from the midst of the iron furnace, let thy 
eyes therefore be fixed on, and thy ears open to the prayer of 
thy servant, and to the supplication of thy people Israel, to 



Ch. VIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

hearken to them in all for which they invoke thee, since thou 
hast set them apart for thyself for an heritage from among all 
the people of the earth, as thou spakest by the ministry of thy 
servant Moses, when thou, Ο Lord, Lord, didst bring our fa- 
thers out of the land of Egypt. 

Then Solomon spoke of the house as if he had just finished 
building it, 

The Sun he pointed out in heaven — 

The Lord said, he would dwell in darkness. 

Build thou my house — a house becoming thyself to dwell 
in when new. 
Behold this is written in the book of the Ode. 

54 When Solomon had finished all this prayer and supplication 
to the Lord, he arose from before the altar of the Lord (for he 

55 had kneeled down on his knees and spread forth his hands to- 
wards heaven) and standing up he blessed all the congregation 

56 of Israel with a loud voice saying, Blessed be the Lord this day 
who hath given rest to his people Israel according to all that 
he hath spoken. Not one word hath failed of all the good words 

57 which he spoke by the ministry of his servant Moses. The 
Lord our God be with us as he was with our fathers! May he 

58 never leave us nor forsake us ! May he incline our hearts to him 
to walk in all his ways, and to keep all his commandments and 

59 his statutes which he gave in charge to our fathers! And may 
the words with which I have made supplication before the 
Lord our God, be nigh to the Lord our God day and night, 
that the determination of every day in the year may establish 
the rights of thy servant and the rights of thy people Israel ; 

60 that all the nations of the earth may know that the Lord our 
God is very God, and that there is none else ! And may our 
hearts be perfect with the Lord our God, that we may walk 
piously in his statutes, and keep his commandments, as at this 
day. 

62 Then the king and all the sons of Israel offered a sacrifice 

63 before the Lord. And king Solomon offered for the sacri- 
fices of thanksgiving which he offered to the Lord, twenty two 
thousand beeves, and a hundred and twenty thousand sheep. 

64 And when the king and all the sons of Israel dedicated the 
house, the king on the same day consecrated the middle of the 



Ch. IX. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

court in front of the house of the Lord, for he offered there the 
whole burnt offerings with the sacrifices and the suet of the 
thank offerings, because the brazen altar which was before the 
Lord was too small for the whole burnt offerings and the sacri- 

65 fices of the thank offerings to be offered thereon. And on that 
day Solomon and all Israel with him — a great congregation 
from the bay of Emath to the river of Egypt, celebrated the 
festival before the Lord our God at the house which he had 
built; eating and drinking and rejoicing before the Lord seven 

66 days. And on the eighth day he dismissed the people and they 
blessed the king and went away every man to his house rejoic- 
ing and with a glad heart, for all the goodness which the Lord 
had shewn to his servant David and to his people Israel. 

IX. And when king Solomon had finished building the house 
of the Lord, and the king's house, and every design which it was 

2 his pleasure to execute, the Lord appeared to Solomon a se- 

3 cond time as he appeared at Gabaon and said to him, I have 
heard thy prayer and thy supplication which thou hast made 
before me, and have done for thee according to all thy prayer. 
I have hallowed this house which thou hast built to put my 
name there for ever, and my eyes and my heart shall be there 

4 continually. And if thou wilt walk before me, as thy father 
David did, with integrity of heart and with uprightness, and do 
according to all that I commanded him, and keep my statutes 

5 and my commandments, I will establish the throne of thy king- 
dom in Israel for this age, as I promised thy father David, say- 

6 ing, There shall not fail thee a man ruling in Israel. But if you 
and your children turn aside from me, and do not keep my com- 
mandments and my statutes, which Moses hath laid before you, 

7 but go and serve strange gods and worship them; I will assur- 
edly remove Israel from the land which I gave them, and cast 
out of my sight this house which I have hallowed for my name ; 
and Israel shall be a desolation and a bye word among all peo- 

8 pies; and this stately house shall be reduced to such a condition 
that every one who passeth by it will be astonished and will, 
with expressions of pity, say, Why hath the Lord dealt thus 

9 with this land and with this house ? To which answer will be 
made, Because they forsook the Lord their God, who brought 
their fathers out of Egypt — out of the house of bondage j and 

VOL. Ή. κ 



Ch. X. TIL KINGS— I. KINGS. 

in his stead chose strange gods, and worshipped and served 
them, therefore the Lord hath brought upon them this cala- 
mity. 

10 Then Solomon brought Pharao's daughter up out of the 
city of David to the house which he had built for himself. In 
those days, during the twenty years in which Solomon was 
building the two houses, the house of the Lord and the king's 

11 house, Chiram king of Tyre supplied Solomon with cedar tim- 
ber and pine trees, and with gold and whatever he desired, 
therefore the king then gave Chiram twenty cities in the land 

12 of Galilee. But when Chiram came from Tyre and went to Ga- 
lilee to see the cities which Solomon gave him, they did not please 

13 him; therefore he said, What are these cities, my brother, which 
thou hast given me? And he called them Little mount, which 

14 is now their name. Nevertheless Chiram brought Solomon a 

26 hundred and twenty talents of gold. For on board the fleet which 
king Solomon built at Esion-gaber, and which was then at Ai- 

27 lath, on the border of the farther sea in the land ofEdom — in 
this fleet Chiram sent some of his servants who were seamen 
and skilled in the navigation of that sea, along with the servants 
of Solomon, and they went to Sophira and took thence a hun- 
dred and twenty talents of gold and brought it to king Solo- 
mon. 

X. When the queen of Saba heard of the fame of Solomon and 

2 the name of the Lord, she came to try him with questions hard 
to be solved, and came to Jerusalem with a very great retinue, 
and with camels carrying spices, and gold in great abundance, 
and precious stones. And when she came to Solomon and had 
propounded to him all that was in her mind, Solomon answered 

3 all her questions. There was not a question overlooked by the 

4 king which he did not explain to her. And when the queen 
of Saba saw all the wisdom of Solomon, and the house which 

5 he had built, and his provisions, and the order in which his 
servants sat at table, and in which the attendants stood; and 
his dress, and his cup bearers, and his whole burnt offerings 
which he offered in the house of the Lord, she was struck with 

6 surprise, and said to the king, It was a true report which I heard 
in my own country concerning thy knowledge and thy under- 

7 standing; but I did not believe them who told me till I came 



Ch. X. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

and my own eyes have seen. Now behold what they told me 
was not one half. Thou surpassest in good qualities all the re- 

8 port which I heard of thee in my own country. Happy thy 
wives, and happy these servants of thine who stand continually 

9 in thy presence and hear all thy wisdom. Blessed be the Lord 
thy God who delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Is- 
rael. Because the Lord thy God loveth to establish Israel for 
ever, therefore he hath made thee king over them, to adminis- 
ter justice according to their righteousness and their demerits. 

10 Then she gave Solomon a hundred and twenty talents of gold, 
and spices in great abundance, and precious stones. There came 
no more such an abundance of spices as the queen of Saba 
gave Solomon. 

11 The fleet of Chiram also which brought the gold from 
Suphar brought a great quantity of hewn timber and precious 

12 stones. And of the hewn timber the king made the wainscot- 
tings of the house of the Lord and of the king's house, and 
nablas and kinyras for the musicians. There never had come 
such hewn timber into the country nor hath any such been 

13 any where seen to this day. And when king Solomon had 
given the queen of Saba all that she desired, even all that she 
asked, over and above all that he gave her out of his royal 
bounty, she set out on her return and went to her own coun- 
try, she and all her servants. 

14 Now the weight of gold which came to Solomon in one 

15 year was six hundred and sixty six talents of gold, besides 
the tribute of them who were subdued, and what he got from 
merchants, and from all the bordering kings and lords of the 

1G country. And king Solomon made three hundred lances of 
beaten gold, three hundred shekels of gold to each lance ; 

17 and three hundred suits of armour of beaten gold, three mnas 
of gold to each suit of armour. These king Solomon deposited 

18 in the house of the forest of Libanus. The king made also a 

19 great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold. There 
were six steps up to the throne, and behind the throne were 

20 busts of beeves, and on each side of the seat, arms; and two 
lions standing by the arms ; and there were twelve lions stand- 
ing on the steps, six on one side and six on the other. There 

21 was not the like in any kingdom. Moreover all the vessels for 



Ch. X. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

king Solomon's service were made of gold. The lavers were 
of gold, and all the utensils of the house of the forest of Liba- 
nus were gilt with gold. None was of silver ; for it was not 

22 held in estimation in the days of Solomon. For the king had 
at sea a Tharsian fleet with the fleets of Chiram. One came 
every three years to the king from Tharsis, with gold and sil- 
ver and stones wrought in a lathex>r hewn with a chisel. This 
was an arrangement which king Solomon had made to provide 
for building the house of the Lord, and the king's house-, and 
the wall of Jerusalem, and the citadel ; and to fortify the city 
of David and Assur and Magdol and Gazer and upper Bai- 
thoron and Jethermath and all the chariot cities and all the 
cities for the cavalry j and for all the works which he purposed 
to construct in Jerusalem and in all the country, in order to 
keep in subjection all the remains of the Chettites and the 
Amorites and the Pherezites and the Chananites and the 
Evites and the Jebusites and the Gergasites, who were not of 
the children of Israel. — The children of them who had been 
left with him in the land, whom the Israelites could not wholly 
extirpate, these Solomon subjected to a tribute which continu- 
eth to this day. But from the children of Israel he exacted 
nothing; because they were his warriors and his servants, his 

23 chiefs and his nobles, his charioteers and his horsemen. So 
Solomon was magnified above all the kings of the earth in 

24 riches and understanding. And all the kings of the land sought 
an interview with Solomon, to hear his wisdom which the 

25 Lord put in his heart. And they brought, every one as gifts, 
vessels of gold and raiment and stacte and spices and horses 

26 and mules and this every year. And Solomon had four thou- 
sand mares for chariots and twelve thousand -cavalry. The 
mares he kept in the chariot cities and with the king at Jeru- 
salem. And he was supreme over all the kings, from the river 
to the land of the Philistines and to. the borders of Egypt. 

27 So the king made gold and silver to abound in Jerusalem like 

28 stones; and cedars like the sycamore trees in the plain. Now 
Solomon's horses came from Egypt and from Thekoua. The 
king's merchants got them from Thekoua by barter, but 
from Egypt a chariot came up for a hundred shekels of silver 



Ch. XI. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

and a horse for fifty, and at this rate they came by sea, for all 
the kings of the Chettites, and for the kings of Syria. 
XI. Now king Solomon was immoderately fond of women. 
He had seven hundred wives, princesses ; and three hundred 
concubines; and he took for wives strange women besides 
Pharao's daughter, women of Moab and Ammon, Syrians, 

2 Idumeans, Chettites and Amorites. To those of the nations 
concerning which the Lord had said to the Israelites, You shall 
not go in unto them nor shall they come in unto you, lest they 
turn your hearts after their idols — to these Solomon was at- 

4 tached by love : so that when he grew old his heart was not 
perfect with the Lord his God as the heart of his father David 

3 had been. For when his strange wives had turned his heart 

7 after their gods, then Solomon built high places for Chamos 
the idol of Moab, and for their king the idol of the Ammon• 

8 ites, and for Astarte the abomination of the Sidonians : and 
thus he did for all his strange wives who burned incense and 
sacrificed to their idols. So Solomon did evil in the sight of 

9 the Lord. He did not follow the Lord like his father David ; 
therefore the Lord was angry with him, because he turned 

10 away his heart from the Lord God of Israel, who had appear- 
ed to him twice and had given him a charge touching this 
very thing, by no means to go after strange gods, but to be 
careful to do what the Lord God commanded him. His heart 

1 1 was not perfect with the Lord like the heart of his father Da- 
vid, therefore the Lord said to Solomon, Because these things 
have been done with thee, and thou hast not kept my com- 
mandments and my statutes which I enjoined thee, I will di- 
vide and rend thy kingdom out of thy hand and give it to thy 

12 servant. But I will not do these things in thy days for the sake 
of thy father David. Out of the hand of thy son will I take it; 

13 but Ι ΛΥ'ΐΙΙ not take the whole kingdom, I will give thy son one 
tribe for David my servant's sake and for the sake of Jerusa- 

14 1cm, the city which I have chosen. Then the Lord raised up 
adversaries to Solomon, namely, Ader the Idumean, and Es- 
rom son of Eliadae of Raama. There had been an insurrec- 
tion against Adadezer king of Suba his lord, and he was at the 
head of the conspiracy and had seized on Damascus. These 

15 were pests to Israel all the days of Solomon. Now Ader the 



Ch. XI. IIL KINGS—I. KINGS. 

Idumean was of the seed royal of Idumea, and in the general 
extirpation which David made of Edom, when Joab the cap- 
tain general of the army went to bury the dead after the gene- 

16 ral slaughter of the males in Idumea (for Joab and all Israel 
continued there six months till they cut off all the males in 

17 Idumea) Ader with all the principal Idumeans of the servants 

18 of his father fled and went to Egypt. Ader was then but a 
child ; but the men of the city Madiam arose and came to 
Pharan and taking the men with them went to Egypt. And 
when Ader came to Pharao he gave him a house and ordered 

19 him a regular supply of provisions. And Ader was in high fa- 
vour with Pharao so that Pharao gave him to wife his own 

20 wife's sister, an elder sister of Thekemina. And the sister of 
Thekemina bore him a son named Ganebeth. And Thekemi- 

21 na brought him up among the sons of Pharao. Though Gane- 
beth was among the sons of Pharao, yet when Ader heard in 
Egypt that David slept with his fathers and that Joab the cap- 
tain general of the army was dead, Ader said to Pharao, Send 

22 me away that I may return to my own land. Upon which Pha- 
rao said to him, What hast thou been in want of with me that 
thou seekest to go to thy own land ? B'ut Ader said, Never- 
theless thou must let me go. So Ader returned to his own 
country. And this was the mischief which Ader did, he was 
a bitter enemy to Israel and made himself king in the land of 
Edom. 

26 With regard to Jeroboam son of Nabat, the Ephrathite of 

27 Sarira, a widow's son, a servant of Solomon, this was the cause 
why he lifted up his hand against king• Solomon. When the 
king was building the citadel and enclosing with works the 

28 city of his father David, this man Jeroboam was mighty in 
power, and Solomon seeing that the youth was a man of bu- 

29 siness set him over the burdens of the house of Joseph. And 
it happened that one time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusa- 
lem, Achia the Selonite the prophet met him on the road and 
took him aside out of the way. Now Achia was clad with a 

30 new mantle ; and when they were both alone in the fields, 
Achia took the new mantle which he had on and rent it into 

•twelve pieces, and said to Jeroboam, Take for thyself ten 

31 pieces. For thus saith the Lord the God of Israel, Behold I 



Ch. XII. HI. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon,' and give 

32 thee ten tribes. But he shall have two tribes for David, my 
servant's sake, and for the sake of Jerusalem, the city which 

33 I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel. Because he hath 
forsaken me and sacrificed to Astarte, the abomination of the 
Sidonians, and to Chamos and the idols of Moab, and to their 
king the horror of the Ammonites, and hath not walked in my 
ways to do what is right in my sight like hjs father David ; 

34 though by raising up enemies against him as I certainly shall 
do all the days of his life, I will not take out of his hand the 
kingdom, which shall continue to him entire, for the sake 

35 of my servant David whom I chose; yet I will take it out of 

36 the hands of his son and give thee ten tribes. And to his son 
I will give two tribes, that my servant David, may have a 
standing continually before me in Jerusalem, the city 'which I 

37 have chosen for myself to put my name there. And I will 
take thee, and thou shalt reign over all that thy soul desireth, 

38 and thou shalt be king over Israel. And if thou wilt keep 
all that I will -give thee in charge and walk in my ways, and 
do what is right before me, keeping my statutes, and my com- 
mandments, as my servant David did, I will be with thee, 
and I will build for thee a sure house, as I did for David. So 

40 when Solomon sought to put Jeroboam to death, he arose and 
fled to Egypt to Susakim king of Egypt, and continued in 
Egypt till the death of Solomon. 

41 Now the rest of the acts of Solomon and all that he did, 
and all his wisdom, behold, are they not written in the book of" 

42 the acts of Solomon ? The time which Solomon reigned in. 
Jerusalem, over all Israel, was forty years. And Solomon slept 
with his fathers and was buried in the city of his father David. 
And when Jeroboam son of Nabat heard the news ; for having 
fled from the presence of Solomon he had settled in Egypt 
and was still there, he set out immediately and came to his 
own city Sarira which is in mount Ephraim. 

43 Now when king Solomon slept with his fathers, Roboam 
XII. his son reigned in his stead. And king Roboam went to 

Sikima because all Israel had come there, to make him king. 

3 And .the people spoke to king Roboam, saying, Thy father 

4 madi our yoke heavy, now therefore lighten thou the hard 



Ch. XII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

service of thy father and his grievous yoke which he imposed 

5 on us and we will serve thee. Whereupon he said to them, 

6 Go away for three days and come to me again. So they went 
away. And the king laid the matter before the elders who 
stood before Solomon his father while he was alive, and said, 

7 How do you advise me to answer this people? And they 
spoke to him saying, If thou wilt this day be a servant to 
the people and serve them and speak good words to them, 

8 they will then be thy servants, all thy days. But he slighted 
the counsel of the old men, which they gave him, and consult- 
ed with the young men who had been brought up with him, 
and who waited on him, and said to them, What do you ad- 

9 vise ? And what answer should I make to them who speak 
to me saying, Lighten the yoke which thy father laid on us ? 

10 And the young men who had been brought up with him, and 
waited on him spoke to him and said, Ttius shalt thou say to 
this people, who have spoken to thee saying, Thy father made 
our yoke heavy, now therefore, lighten it for us, thus thou 
shalt say to them, My little finger shall be heavier than my 

11 father's loins. My father indeed loaded you with a heavy yoke ; 
but I will add to your yoke. My father chastised you with whips; 

12 but I will chastise you with scorpions. So when all the peo- 
ple came to the king on the third day as he had appointed, say- 
ing, Come to me again on the third day, the king answered the 

13 people roughly. He slighted the counsel of the old men, which 

14 they had given him, and spoke to them, in the manner the 
young men advised, saying, My father made your yoke heavy 
but I will add to your yoke. My father chastised you with 

15 whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. So the king 
hearkened not to the people. Because the revolution was from 
the Lord, that he might perform the word which he spoke, 
by the ministry of Achia the Selonite, concerning Jeroboam, 

Ϊ6 son of Nabat, therefore when all Israel saw that the king heark- 
ened not to them, they answered the king and said, What 
portion have we in David? We indeed have no inheritance 
in the son of Jessai. To thy tents, Ο Israel ! Now David, 
feed thy own house. So Israel departed to their habitations. 

18 And when the king sent out Adoniram, who was over the 
tribute, they stoned him with stones, so that he died. Upon 



Ch. XII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

which Roboam hasted to mount his chariot and flee to Jeru- 

19 salem. So Israel renounced all allegiance to the house of Da- 
vid to this day. 

20 Now when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was returned 
from Egypt they had sent and invited him to the assembly, and 
they made him king over Israel, so that there was none who 
followed the house of David but only the tribes of Juda and 

21 Benjamin. And when Roboam came to Jerusalem and assem- 
bled the congregation of Juda and the tribe of Benjamin, a 
hundred and twenty thousand of the young men who were 
warriors, to fight against the house of Israel and to bring the 

22 kingdom again to Roboam son of Solomon, a word of the 

23 Lord came to Samaias a man of God, saying, Speak to Roboam 
son of Solomon king of Juda, and to all the house of Juda 

24 and Benjamin, and to the residue of the people, saying, Thus 
saith the Lord, You shall not go up, nor fight with your bre- 
thren the children of Israel. Return every one to his house. 
For this thing is from me. So they hearkened to the word of 
the Lord and desisted from going, as the Lord commanded 
them. 

When king Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried 
with his fathers in the city of David, Roboam his son reigned 
in his stead. He was sixteen years old when he began to reign 
and he reigned twelve years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name 
was Naama a daughter of Ana son of Naasking of the Ammon- 
ites. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord and did not 
walk in the way of his grand father David. Now there was a 
man of Mount Ephraim, a servant of Solomon, whose name 
was Jeroboam and his mother's name was Sarira. She was a 
harlot. And Solomon had made him overseer of the burdens 
of the house of Joseph, and he had built Sarira on Mount 
Ephraim. And he had three hundred chariots of horses. He had 
built the citadel with the burdens of the house of Ephraim, and 
enclosed the city of David, and was aspiring to the kingdom. 
Upon which Solomon sought to put him to death, and he was 
terrified and fled to Sousakim king of Egypt, and was with him 
till Solomon died. And when Jeroboam heard in Egypt that 
Solomon was dead, he addressed Sousakim king of Egypt and 
^id, Send me away, that I may go to my own land. Where- 

VOL. II. L 



Ch. XIV. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

upon Sousakim said, Ask what thou wilt and I will give it 
thee. For Sousakim had given Jeroboam for a wife Ano an 
elder sister of his own wife Thekamina. She was great among 
the king's daughters and had born to Jeroboam his son Abia. 
And Jeroboam said to Sousakim, Only send me away and let 
me go. So Jeroboam left Egypt and came to the land of Sarira 
which is on Mount Ephraim. And thither all the tribe of 
Ephraim assembled and there Jeroboam built a fortress. 
XIV, And when his son fell sick of a grievous sickness Je- 
roboam went to inquire about his son, and he said to his wife 
Ano, Arise, go and inquire of God concerning the child whe- 
ther he will recover of his sickness. Now there was a man at 
Selom whose name was Achia. He was sixty years of age and 
the word of the Lord was with him. wSo when Jeroboam said to 
his wife, Arise and take in thy hand for the man of God some 
loaves and some cakes for his children, and grapes and a pot of 
honey, the woman arose and took in her hand loaves and two 
sweet cakes and grapes and a pot of honey for Achia. Now the 
man was old and his eyes were dim so that he could not see. 
So she departed from Sarira and proceeded on in her journey. 
And when she came to the city, to Achia the Selonite, Achia 
said to his servant, Go and meet Ano the wife of Jeroboam and 
say to her, Come in and make no stop ; for thus saith the Lord, 
I am sending bitter things against thee. And when Ano came 
in to the man of God, Achia said to her, Why hast thou 
brought me bread and grapes and sweet cakes and a pot of 
honey? Thus saith the Lord, Behold thou shalt depart from 
me and when thou shalt enter the city Sarira, thy maids will 
come out to meet and tell thee, The child is dead, For thus 
saith the Lord, Behold I will cut off from Jeroboam every 
male. And them of Jeroboam who die in the city, the dogs 
shall devour ; and him who dieth in the field, the birds of the 
air shall devour. But this child shall be bewailed with the 
lamentation, Alas! Lord: because in him there hath been 
found something good respecting the Lord. Upon hearing 
this the woman departed and just as she arrived at Sarira the 
child died, and the shout went forth to meet her. Now when 
Jeroboam went to Sikima on Mount Ephraim and had assem- 
bled there the tribes of Israel, and Roboam son of Solomon 



Ch. XIV. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

went up there, a word of the Lord came to Samaias the Ert- 
lamite, saying, Take thee a new mantle which hath never 
been dipt in water and rend it into twelve pieces and give 
them to Jeroboam and say to him, Thus saitU the Lord, 
Take for thyself ten pieces that thou mayst put them — (and 
when Jeroboam took them, Samaias said, Thus saith the 
Lord) — on the ten tribes of Israel. Then the people said to 
Roboam son of Solomon, Thy father made his yoke heavy on 
us, and loaded us with the meats for his table. Now therefore 
make them lighter on us and we will serve thee. And Roboam 
said to the people, Three days hence I will give you an an- 
swer. Then Roboam said, Bring to me the elders and I wilj 
consult with them what answer I shall give to the people on 
the third day. And when Roboam had stated to them the mes- 
sage which the people had sent to him, the elders of the people 
said, Do as the people have spoken to thee. But Roboam 
slighted their counsel. It was not pleasing in his sight. So he 
sent and convened them who were brought up with him and 
said to them, Such and such a message the people have sent 
to me. Thereupon these courtiers of his, said, In this manner 
thou shalt speak to the people saying, My little finger shall be 
thicker than my father's thigh. My father chastised you with 
whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. And this pleas- 
ed Roboam, so he answered the people as these young cour- 
tiers of his advised him. Upon which all the people like one 
man said, every one to his neighbour — nay, they all shouted 
and said, We have no portion in David, nor inheritance in the 
son of Jessai. To your tents, Ο Israel ! for this man is not fit 
to be chief or leader. So all the people dispersed from Sikima, 
and went away every man to his habitation. But Roboam per- 
sisted and went and mounted his chariot and returned to Jeru- 
salem, and all the tribe of Juda and all the tribe of Benjamin 
followed him. And the same year when Roboam had assem- 
bled all the men of Juda and Benjamin, and was going up to 
war against Jeroboam at Sikima, a word of the Lord came to 
Samaias the man of God, saying, Speak to Roboam king of 
Juda, and to all the house of Juda and Benjamin, and to all the 
remnant of the people and say, Thus saith the Lord, You shall 
not go up, nor fight with your brethren the children of Israel. 



Gfa. XIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

Return every one to his house. For this thing is from me. So 
they hearkened to the word of the Lord, and desisted from 
going up, as the Lord commanded them. 

25 Then Jeroboam rebuilt Sikima on mount Ephraim and 

26 dwelt there and he went out thence and built Phanuel. And 
Jeroboam said in his heart, Behold now the kingdom will re- 

27 vert to the house of David, if the people go up to Jerusalem 
to oifer sacrifice in the house of the Lord ; for the heart of the 
people will turn to the Lord and to their lord Roboam king 

28 of Juda and they will kill me. Therefore the king took coun- 
sel and went and made two calves of gold, and said to the 
people, Rest satisfied in respect to your going up to Jerusa- 
lem. Behold these are thy gods, Ο Israel, which brought thee 

29 up out of the land of Egypt. And he placed one of them in 
SO Baithel and the other he sent to Dan. And this became an 

occasion of sinning. For the people went before the one even 

31 to Dan, and they forsook the house of the Lord. And he 
built houses on high places, and made priests of any part 

32 of the people who were not of the children of Levi. And Je- 
roboam instituted a festival in the eighth month, on the fif- 
teenth day of the month, answering to the festival in the land 
of Juda, and he went up to the altar which he made at Baithel 
to burn incense to the calves which he had made, and present- 
ed at Baithel the priests of the high places whom he had made. 

33 But when he ascended the altar, which he had made, on the 
fifteenth day of the eight month, at the festival which he had 
devised out of his own heart and made a festival for the chil- 
dren of Israel — when he ascended the altar to offer incense, 

XIII. behold a man of God from Juda came by a word of the 

2 Lord to Baithel while Jeroboam was standing on the altar to 
burn incense ; and by a word of the Lord cried to the altar 
and said, Ο Altar ! altar ! Thus saith the Lord, Behold a son 
shall be born to the house of David; his name shall be Josias, 
and he will burn upon thee the priests of the high places, who 
burn incense on thee : and upon thee he will burn the bones 

3 of men. And on this very day he will give a sign, for this, said 
he, is the word which the Lord hath spoken, saying, Behold 
the altar is rent, and the fat which is on it shall be poured out. 

4 And when king Jeroboam heard the words of the man of God, 



Ch. XIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS, 

who cried against the altar, he stretched forth his hand from 
the altar, saying, Seize him : and behold his hand, which he 
stretched forth against him withered so that he could not draw 

5 it back to him. And the altar was rent, and the fat was poured 
out from the altar, according to the sign which the man of 

6 God gave by the word of the Lord. Then king Jeroboam 
said to the man of God, Entreat the favour of the Lord thy 
God and let my hand be restored to me. So the man of God 
entreated the favour of the Lord, and he restored the king's 

7 hand to him ; and it was as it had been before. Then the king- 
said to the man of God, Come home with me and dine, and 

8 I will give thee a reward. But the man of God said to the 
king, If thou wouldst give me the half of thy kingdom, I can- 
not go with thee to eat bread, nor drink water in this place ; 

9 for thus hath the Lord commanded me by his word, saying, 
Thou must not eat bread nor drink water, nor return the way 

10 that thou goest. So he went away by another road, and did 
not return by the way he came to Baithel. 

1 1 Now there dwelt at Baithel a certain old prophet, and his 
sons came, and told him all that the man of God had done 
that day at Baithel, and the Avoids which he spoke to the king, 

12 and excited the attention of their father. Whereupon their 
father said to them, Which way went he ? And when his sons 
had pointed out to him, the way which the man of God who 
came from Juda was gone, he said to his sons, Saddle me the 

13 ass. And when they had saddled the ass, he mounted it, and 
went after the man of God and found him sitting under an 

14 oak, and said to him, Art thou the man of God who came 

15 from Juda? And he said, I am. Then he said to him, Come 
1G with me and eat bread. And he replied I cannot go back with 

1 7 thee, nor can I eat bread, or drink water in this place ; for so 
the Lord hath expressly commanded me saying, Thou must 
not eat bread nor drink water, nor turn back there the way 

18 thou hast gone. And he said to him, I also am a prophet as 
thou art, and an angel hath spoken to me by the word of the 
Lord, saying, Bring him back with thee to thy house and let 

19 him eat bread, and drink water. But he lied to him. And 
when he had brought him back ; and he had eaten bread and 

20 drank water at his house, a word of the Lord came to the pro- 



Ch. XIV. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

21 phet, who had brought him back, while they were sitting at 
the table ; and he said to the man of God who had come from 
Juda, Thus saith the Lord, Because thou hast disobeyed the 
command of the Lord, and hast not kept the commandment, 

22 which the Lord thy God commanded thee, but hast turned 
back and eaten bread and drunk water, in the place which he 
spoke to thee saying, Thou must not eat bread nor drink 
water, thy body shall not enter the sepulchre of thy fathers. 

23 So after he had eaten and drunk, he saddled for him an ass, 

24 and he turned and went away. And a lion met him on the 
road and killed him, and his body was cast in the highway and 

25 the ass stood by it. The lion also stood by the body. And 
behold men who were passing by saw the corpse lying in the 
high way, and the lion standing near the corpse, and they 
came and spoke of it in the city where the old prophet dwelt. 

26 And when he who had brought him back heard, he said, This 

28 is the man of God, who disobeyed the word of the Lord. So 
he went and found the body cast in the highway, and the ass 
and the lion were standing by it. The lion had not eaten the 

29 body of the man, nor hurt the ass. So the prophet took up 
the body of the man of God, and having laid it on the ass he 

30 brought him back to the city to bury him in his own sepul- 
chre, and they bewailed him with the lamentation, Alas bro- 

31 ther ! And after bewailing him he spoke to his sons, saying, 
When I die, bury me in this grave, where the man of God 
is buried. Place me close by his bones, that my bones may 

32 be preserved with his bones. For what he hath spoken by the 
word of the Lord against the altar at Baithel, and against the 
high places of Samaria will surely come to pass. 

33 But after this affair Jeroboam did not turn from his wick- 
edness, but again made from any part of the people, priests of 
the high places. Whoever pleased, consecrated himself and 

34 became a priest of the high places. And this became a sin to 
the house of Jeroboam, and occasioned its destruction and 
utter removal from the face of the earth. 

XIV. 21 Now Roboam son of Solomon reigned over Juda. He 
was forty one years old at the commencement of this reign, and 
he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the Lord 
had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel to put his name there, and 



Ch. XV. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

22 his mother's name was Naama, the Ammonitess. Roboam did 
what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and provoked him with 
all those things which their fathers had done, with all the sins 

23 which they had committed. They built for themselves high 
places, and pillars, and arbours, on every high hill and under 

24 every shady tree, and sodomy was committed in the land. And 
they practised all the abominable acts of the nations which 
the Lord had removed from before the children of Israel. 

25 Wherefore in the fifth year of Roboam's reign, Sousakim 
king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took all the 

26 treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the 
king's house, and the golden lances which David had taken 
out of the hand of the servants of Adraazar king of Suba, and 
brought to Jerusalem. All these he took, together with the 
golden armour which Solomon had made, and carried them 

27 away to Egypt. And in their stead king Roboam made bra- 
sen armour which were committed to the charge of the officers 

28 of the guards who kept the door of the king's house. And be- 
cause, when the king went to the house of the Lord, the guard 
carried them, therefore they were fixed up against the wall of 

29 the guard room. Now the rest of the acts of Roboam and all 
that he did, behold, are they not written in the journal of the 
kings of Juda? Now there was a war between Roboam and 
Jeroboam all their days. And when Roboam went to rest with 
his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of 

XV. David, Abiou his son reigned in his stead. In the 

2 eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nabat, Abiou, 

3 son of Roboam began to reign over Juda, and reigned three 
years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Maacha, a grand 
daughter of Abessalom. And he walked in the sins of his 
father which he had committed in his sight, and his heart, like 
the heart of his father, was not perfect before the Lord his 

4 God. Nevertheless for the sake of David, the Lord gave him 
surviving issue that he might establish his children after him, 

5 and establish Jerusalem, as David had done what was right in 
the sight of the Lord, and had not deviated all the days of his 

7 life from all that he commanded him. Now the rest of the acts 
of Abiou and all that he did, behold are they not written in the 
journal of the kings of Juda ? for the war continued between 



Ch. XV. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

8 Abiou and Jeroboam. And Abiou went to rest with his fathers 
in the twentieth year of the reign of Jeroboam, and was buried 
with his fathers in the city of David, and Asa his son reigned 
in his stead. 

9 In the twenty fourth year of the reign of Jeroboam king of 
Israel, Asa began to reign over Juda, and he reigned forty one 

10 years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Ana, a descendant 

11 of Abessalom. And Asa did what was right in the sight of the 

12 Lord, like his father David. He removed the prostitutes out 
of the land, and abolished all the devices which his father had 

13 instituted, and degraded his mother Ana from the rank of 
queen, as she had kept an assembly in her arbour. And Asa 
cut down her bowers and burned them with lire by the brook 

14 Kedron. But he did not remove the high places. Nevertheless 

15 Asa's heart was perfect before the Lord all his days. And he 
brought in the pillars of his father. He brought in also his 
own pillars which were of gold or silver, together with vessels 

16 into the house of the Lord. Now there was a war between 

17 Asa and Baasa, the king of Israel, all their days. And when 
Baasa, king of Israel came up, and was building Rama, that 

18 none might go out or come in to Asa king of Juda, Asa took 
all the silver and gold which was found in the treasures of 
the house of the Lord, and in the treasures of the king's house, 
and delivered it into the hands of his servants ; and Asa des- 
patched them to Son Ader, son of Taberema the son of Azin 

19 king of Syria, who dwelt at Damascus, saying, Renew with 
me the league which was between my father and thy father. 
Behold I have sent thee presents of gold and silver, come 
break thy league with Baasa king of Israel, that he may go up 

20 from me. Accordingly Son Ader hearkened to king Asa, and 
sent the generals of his armies against the cities of Israel, and 
they smote Ain and Dan and Abel, of the house of Macha, 

21 and all Chennereth, even to the land of Nephthaleim. And 
when Baasa heard this, he left off building Rama and went 

22 back to Thersa. Whereupon king Asa sounded to all Juda the 
alarm Against the Enakims. And they carried away the stones, 
and the timber, "with which Baasa was building Rama. And 
with them king Asa built mount Benjamin and the watch 

23 tower.- Now the rest of the acts of Asa. and all the power he 



Ch. XVI. III. KINGS—I. KINGS. 

exercised, and the cities which he built, behold are they ηυί 
written in the book of the journal of the kings of Juda? In his 

24 old age he was afflicted with the gout. And when Asa went to 
rest with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city 
of David, Josaphat his son reigned in his stead. 

25 Now Nabat son of Jeroboam began his reign in the second 

26 year of Asa king of Juda, and reigned two years in Israel. And 
he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of 
his father, and in his sins with which he caused Israel to sin. 

27 And Baasa son of Achia beset him at the house of Belaan son 
of Achia and slew him at Gabathon of the Philistines : for Na- 

28 bat and all Israel were besieging Gabathon. Baasa slew him in 
the third year of Asa son of Abiou king of Juda and reigned in 

29 his stead. And soon as he began to reign he smote the whole 
house of Jeroboam. He did not leave a living soul belonging to 
Jeroboam until he had utterly extirpated him according to the 

30 word of the Lord which he spoke by the ministry of his ser- 
vant Achia the Selonite, for the sins of Jeroboam who had 
caused Israel to sin, and for the provocation with which he had 

31 provoked the Lord God of Israel. Now the rest of the acts of 
Nabat and all that he did, behold are they not written in the 
book of the journal of the kings of Israel? 

33. In the third year of Asa king of Juda, Baasa son of Achia 
began his reign of twenty four years over Israel, at Thersa. 

34 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way 
of Jeroboam son of Nabat, and in his sins, with which he caused 

XV I. Israel to sin ; therefore a word of the Lord came to Baasa 

2 by the ministry of Iou son of Anani, Because, though I raised 
thee from the ground and made thee ruler over my people Is- 
rael, thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and caused m\ 
people Israel to sin — to provoke me to wrath by their idols, 

3 behold I will rouse after Baasa and after his house, and I will 
make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nabat — 

4 Him of Baasa who dieth in the city the dogs shall devour; and 
him who dieth in the fields the birds of the air shall devour. 

5 Now the rest of the acts of Baasa and all that he did, and his 
exploits, behold are they not written in the book of the journal 

6 of the kings of Israel? And Baasa slept with his fathers and was 
buried at Thersa, and Ela his son reigned in his stead. 

dim ir. \[ 



Ch. XVL III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

7 Now by the ministry of Iou son of Anani, the Lord had 
spoken against Baasa, and against his house, on account of all 
the wickedness which he had committed in the sight of the 
Lord to provoke him to wrath by the works of his hands, that 
he should be treated like the house of Jeroboam, and that he 

8 would smite him. So when Ela son of Baasa had reigned over 
Israel two years at Thersa, Zambri the commander of one half 

9 of his cavalry, conspired against him; and when he was drink - 

10 ing to excess in the house of Osahis steward at Thersa, Zam- 
bri went in and smote him, and killed him, and reigned in his 

1 1 stead. And when he had made himself king, and seated him- 

12 self on his throne, he smote all the house of Baasa according to 
the word which the Lord spoke to Iou the prophet, against the 

13 house of Baasa, for all the sins of Baasa and his son Ela, be- 
cause they had caused Israel to sin, to provoke the Lord God 

14 of Israel by then' idols. Now the rest of the acts of Ela and all 
that he did, behold are they not written in the journal of the 
kings of Israel? 

15 And Zambri reigned at Thersa seven days, and Israel was 

16 encamped against Gabathon of the Philistines. But when the 
people in the camp heard the news that Zambri had conspired 
and slain the king, they made Ambri the general of the army 

17 of Israel, king over Israel that very day in the camp. And Am- 
bri with all Israel marched up from Gabathon and laid siege 

18 to Thersa. And when Zambri saw that the city was taken, he 
went into a cellar of the king' s house and set the house on fire 

19 over him. So he died for the sins which he had committed by 
doing evil in the sight of the Lord, and walking in the way of 
Jeroboam son of Nabat, and in his sins so as to cause Israel to 

20 sin. Now the rest of the acts of Zambri and the conspiracies 
which he contrived; behold are they not written in the journal 
of the kings of Israel? 

21 Then were the people of Israel divided. One half of the 
people followed Thamni son of Gonath to make him king; and 

22 the qther half of the people followed Ambri. But the people 
who followed Ambri prevailed over them who followed Tham- 
ni son of Gonath. So Thamni and his brother Joram died at the 

23 same time. And Ambri reigned after Thamni in the thirty first 
year of king Asa. And Ambri reigned twelve years over Israel 



Ch. XVI. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

24 He reigned at Thersa six years. Then A*mbri purchased mount 
Semeron of Semer the lord of the mount, for two talents of 
silver, and having built on the mount, he called the name of 
the city which he had built, Semeron, after the name of Semer 

25 the owner of the mount. And Ambri did evil in the sight of 
the Lord. Nay, he exceeded in wickedness all that went before 

26 him, and walked in all the way of Jeroboam son of Nabat, 
and in the sins by which he caused Israel to sin, to provoke 

27 the Lord God of Israel with their idols. Now the rest of the 
acts of Ambri and all that he did, and all his power, behold 

28 are they not written in the journal of the kings of Israel? And 
Ambri slept with his fathers and was buried in Samaria, and 
Achab his son reigned in his stead. 

Now in the eleventh year of Ambri, Josaphat son of Asa 
began to reign when he was thirty years of age, and reigned 
five years in his father's reign, and twenty five years in Jerusa- 
lem; and his mother's name was Gazuba a daughter of Seli. 
He walked in the way of his father Asa and deviated not from 
it, doing what was right in the eyes of the Lord. But the high 
places were not removed. On these they sacrificed and burn- 
ed incense. Now the agreements which Josaphat made with 
the king of Israel, and all the dominion which he exercised 
and the battles which he fought, behold are they not written 
in the journal of the kings of Juda ? The remains of prostitu- 
tion which were set up in the days of his father Asa he remov- 
ed out of the land. Though he was not king in Syria- Nasib, 
king Josaphat built a fleet for Tharsis to go to Sophir for gold. 
But it did not go ; for the fleet was wrecked at Gesion gaber. 
Then the king of Israel said to Josaphat, let me send thy ser- 
vants in the fleet with my servants: but Josaphat would not 
consent. And when Josaphat went to sleep with his fathers he 
was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and Joram 
his son reigned in his stead. 

29 In the second year of Josaphat king of Juda, Achab son of 

30 Ambri began his reign of twenty two years over Israel. And 
Achab did evil in the sight of the Lord, and surpassed in 

3 1 wickedness all that went before him. It did not suffice him to 
walk in the sins of Jeroboam son of Nabat j but he took to 
wife Jezabcl, a daughter of Jethebaal king of the S.idonians, 



Ch. XVII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

S2 and went and served Baal, and worshipped him. And he 
erected for Baal an altar in the house of his idols, which he 

33 had built in Samaria. Achab also made a bower, and proceed- 
ed on in adding to his provocations, to provoke the Lord God 
of Israel and to destroy his own soul. He did evil above all the 
kings of Israel who were before him. 

34 Now in his days Achiel the Baithelite, rebuilt Jericho. 
With Abeiron, his first born, he laid the foundation thereof, 
and with Segub his youngest son, he set up its gates, according 
to the word of the Lord which he spoke by Joshua son of 
Nave. 

XVII. And the prophet Elias the Thesbite, who was of Thes- 
bon in Galaad, said to Achab, As the Lord God of hosts, the 
God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be 

2 dew nor rain for years but by the word of my mouth. Then 

3 a word of the Lord came to Elias, Go hence eastward and 
hide thyself by the brook Chorrath which is before the Jordan ; 

4 and thou shalt have water from the brook to drink and I will 

5 command the ravens to feed thee there. So Elias did according 
to the word of the Lord, and took up his abode by the brook 

6 Chorrath, fronting the Jordan. And the ravens brought him 
bread in the morning and flesh in the evening, and he drank 

7 water from the brook. And when he had been there a year, 

8 the brook dried up ; for there was no rain in the land. There- 
upon a word of the Lord came to Elias, Arise and go to Sarepta 

9 of Sidonia. Behold I have ordered a widow woman there to 

10 sustain thee. So he arose and went to Sarepta, and when he 
came to the gate of the city, behold there was there a widow 
woman gathering sticks. And Elias cried after her, and said 
to her, Fetch me, I pray thee, a little water that I may drink. 

11 And as she was going to fetch it, Elias called after her and 
said, Bring me I pray thee a morsel of bread in thy hand. 

12 Whereupon the woman said, As the Lord thy God liveth, I 
have not a cake baked and only about a handful of barley meal in 
the jar and a little oil in the vessel ; and behold I was picking 
up a few sticks, that I may go in and prepare it for myself and 

13 my children, that we may eat and die. And Elias said to her, 
Take courage, go in and do as thou hast said, but make for 
me a little cake of it, and bring it out first to me, and after- 



* Ch. XVIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

14 wards thou shalt make for thyself and thy children. For thus 
saith the Lord, The jar of meal shall not fail, nor shall the 
vessel of oil diminish, until the Lord shall send rain on the 

15 land. So the woman went and did so. And though she and 

16 her children ate yet the jar of meal did not fail, nor was the oil 
in the vessel diminished, according to the word of the Lord 

17 which he spoke by Elias. And it happened that the son of the 
woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick ; and the disorder 

18 increased till there was no breath left in him. Upon which she 
said to Elias, What hast thou to do with me, Ο man of God? 
Art thou come to me to bring my sins into remembrance and 

19 cause my son to die ? And Elias said to the woman, Give me 
thy son. So he took him out of her bosom and carried him up 
into the upper chamber where he lodged, and laid him on his 

20 b<*d. Then Elias cried and said, Wo is me! Ο Lord! Here is 
the witness of the widow with whom I dwell. Thou hast 

21 afflicted her in causing her son to die. And when he had 
breathed on the child three times and called on the Lord, he 
said, Ο Lord, my God, I beseech thee let this child's life be 

22 restored to him. And so it came to pass and the child cried. 

23 Then Elias brought it down from the upper chamber, and de- 

24 livering him to his mother, said, See, thy son liveth. Where- 
upon the woman said, Now I know that thou art a man of God, 
and that the word of the Lord in thy mouth is true. 

XVIII. And after many days, a word of the Lord came to Elias 
in the third year, saying, Go and shew thyself to Achab and I 

2 will send rain on the face of the land. Now when Elias went to 
shew himself to Achab there was a grievous famine in Samaria. 

3 And Achab had called his steward Abdiou. This Abdiou 

4 feared the Lord greatly ; so that when Jezabel smote the pro- 
phets of the Lord, Abdiou took a hundred men who were pro- 
phets, and hid them by fifties in a cave, and fed them with bread 

5 and water. And Achab said to Abdiou, Come and let us go 
through the land to the fountains of water and to the brooks, 
perhaps we may find grass to save the horses and mules alive, 
that they may not be utterly destroyed from our habitations. 

6 So they divided the way between them, that they might 
traverse the country. Achab went one way, and Abdiou 

7 wont by himself another way. And as Abdiou was in the 



Ch. XVIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

way by himself Elias came by himself to meet him. Where- 
upon Abdiou hasted and fell on his face and said, Art 

8 thou he, my lord Elias? And Elias said, I am, Go and tell 

9 thy master, Behold Elias is here. And Abdiou said, In what 
have I sinned that thou shouldst deliver thy servant into the 

10 hand of Achab, that he may put me to death ? As the Lord thy 
God liveth, there is not a nation or a kingdom to which my 
master hath not sent to seek thee. And if they said, He is not 
here, he burned the kingdom or its borders, because he did 

11 not find thee. And now thou sayst, Go tell thy master, Be- 
hold Elias is here. But it may be, that when I am gone from 
thee, the Spirit of the Lord will carry thee away to a land 
which I know not. So that when I shall go and tell Achab, and 

13 he shall not find thee, he will kill me. Now thy servant is one 
who feareth the Lord from his youth. Hath it not been told 
thee, my lord, what I did When Jezabel slew the prophets of 
the Lord — how I hid a hundred men of the prophets of the 
Lord by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water ? 

14 Yet, now thou sayst, Go, tell thy master, Behold Elias is here, 

15 that he may kill me. And Elias said, As the Lord of hosts 
liveth, before whom I stand, I will this day shew myself to him. 

16 Then Abdiou went to meet Achab, and when he told him, 

17 Achab hasted and came to meet Elias. And when Achab saw 

18 Elias, he said to him, Art thou he, the troubler of Israel? To 
which Elias replied, I am not the troubler of Israel ; but thou 
and thy father's house are, by your forsaking the Lord your 

19 God and eroins; after the Baalims. Now therefore send and 
gather to me all Israel to mount Carmel, and the prophets of 
shame, four hundred and fifty, and the prophets of the bowers 

20 four hundred, who eat at JezabePs table. And when Achab 
had sent to all Israel, and had assembled all the prophets at 
mount Carmel, Elias came near before them all, and Elias said 

21 to them, How long will you halt between two opinions? If the 
Lord is God, follow him: but if Baal; follow him. But the 

22 people made no reply. Then Elias said to the people, I am left 
a prophet of the Lord myself alone. But the prophets of Baal 
are four hundred and fifty men, and the prophets of the Bower 

2Z four hundred. Let there be given to us two young bulls, and 
let them chuse one for themselves, and cut him in pieces, and 



Ch. XVIII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

lay them on wood, but put no fire ; and I will prepare the 

24 other and put no fire. And call ye on the name of your gods, 
and I will invoke the name of the Lord my God. And the God 
who shall answer by fire, let him be God. And all the people 

25 answered and said, The proposal thou hast made is fair. Then 
Elias said to the prophets of shame, Chuse for yourselves one 
young bull, and prepare it first ; for you are many ; and call 

26 on the name of your god, but put no fire to it. So they took the 
young bull and prepared it, and called on the name of Baal 
from morning till noon, and said, Hearken to us, Ο Baal ! 
Hearken to us. But there was no voice. There was no an- 
swer; though they ran upon the altar which they had erected. 

27 And when it was noon, Elias the Thesbite mocked them, and 
said, Call louder; for he is a god; for he is engaged in medita- 
tation, or perhaps he is busy, or perhaps he is asleep, and must 

28 be awaked. Then they called with a loud voice, and according 
to their custom cut themselves with knives and lancets till there 
was a gush of blood upon them, and prophesied till the approach 

29 of the evening. But when it was about the time when the sacri- 
fice should ascend, Elias the Thesbite spoke to the prophets of 
the idols, and said, Desist now, and I will prepare my whole 

30 burnt offering. So they desisted, and went away. Then Elias 

31 said to the people, Draw near to me. And when all the people 
came near before him, Elias took twelve stones according to 
the number of the tribes of Israel, to whom the Lord had 

32 spoken, saying, Thy name shall be Israel ; and he built the 
stones in the name of the Lord, and repaired the altar which 
had been thrown down. Then he made a trench around the 

33 altar sufficient to contain two measures of seed, and piled up 
the split wood upon the altar which he had made. He then 
divided the whole burnt offering in quarters, and laid it on the 
split wood. And when he had laid it in order upon the altar, 
he said, Bring me four pots of water and pour it on the whole 

34 burnt offering and on the split wood. And when they had done 
so, he said, Do the same again. And when they had done this 
a second time, he said, Do it a third time. So they did it a 

35 third time, and the water ran down about the altar and filled 

36 the trench with water. Then Elias raised his voice to heaven 
and said, Ο Lord, the God of Abraham and of Isaak and of 



Ch. XIX. III. KINGS— I. KINGS 

Israel, hearken to me ! Ο Lord, hearken to me this day by fire. 
And let all this people know, that thou art the Lord God of Is- 
rael, and that I am thy servant, and that by thee I have done 

37 these works. Hearken to me, Ο Lord! Hearken to me; and 
let this people know, that thou art the Lord God, and tha thou 

38 hast turned the heart of this people back again. Thereupon 
fire from the Lord fell down out of heaven and consumed the 
whole burnt offering, with the split \vood and the water in the 

39 trench and the stones, and licked up even the dust. Twen all 
the people fell on their faces and said, Of a truth the Lord is 

40 God. He is very God. Then Elias said to the people, Seize 
the prophets of Baal. Let none of them escape. So they soiz >d 
them and brought them to Elias, down to the brook Kisoi' 'v.J 

41 slew them there. Then Elias said to Achab, Go up am eat 

42 and drink, for there is a sound of coming rain. So when Achab 
went up to eat and drink, Elias went up to the top of Carmel, 
and having bowed down on the earth, he put his face between 

43 his knees and said to his servant, Go up and look tOAvards the 
sea. And when the servant looked and said, There is nothing, 

44 Elias said, Return thou again seven times. So the servant re- 
turned seven times, and at the seventh time he said, Behold 
there is a little cloud like a man's foot drawing up water. 
Whereupon he said, Go up and say to Achab, Prepare thy 

45 chariot and go down lest the rain overtake thee. In the me; 
while the heaven gradually darkened with clouds and why 
and there came on a great rain. And while Achab wept a> : 
was travelling on to Jezrael the hand of the Lord was up 
Elias and having girded up his loins, he ran before Achab 

XIX. to Jezrael. And when Achab told his wife Jezabel 
all that Elias had done, and how he had slain the prophets 
with the sword, Jezabel sent to Elias, and said, As sure as 

2 thou art Elias, and I Jezabel, God do so to me and more 
also, if by this time to-morrow I do not make thy life like the 

3 life of one of them. At this Elias was terrified, and arose and 
went where his inclination led him, and coming to Bersabee, 

4 in the land of Juda, he left his servant there, and he himself 
went a day's journey into the wilderness ; and came and sat 
down under a juniper tree, and intreated that he might die, 
and said, Let the present suffice. Take, I beseech thee, Ο 



Ch. XIX. HI. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

Lord, my life from me ; for I am not better than my fathers. 

5 Then he lay down and fell fast asleep there under a bush. And 

6 behold one touched him and said to him, Rise and eat. And Eli- 
as looked up and behold at his head a cake of barley bread, and 
? pitcher of water ! So he arose and ate and drank, and again laid 

7 hm jelf down to sleep. And the angel of the Lord returned the 
second time and touched him and said to him, Rise and eat, for 

8 the journey may be too great for thee. So he arose and ate and 
di -ink, and in the strength of that meal travelled forty days and 

9 forty nights till he came to mount Choreb, and having there 
gone into the cave and taken up his lodging there, behold a 

j ' vrord of the Lord came to him and said, Why art thou come 
. • lither Elias ? To which he replied, I have been very zealous 
/or the Lord Almighty, because the children of Israel hath for- 
saken thee. They have demolished thy altars and slain thy 
11 prophets with the sword. And I alone am left and they seek 
my life to take it. And it said, Thou shalt go out to-morrow 
and stand before the Lord on the mount. Behold the Lord 
will pass by. Accordingly behold there was a mighty strong 
blast of wind rending mountains and breaking rocks in pieces 
before the Lord ; but the Lord was not in the wind. And 
after the wind, there was an earthquake ; but the Lord was 
not in the earthquake. And after the earthquake, a fire ; but 
the Lord was not in the fire; And after the lire, there was a 
sound of a gentle breeze which when Elias heard, he covered 
3 his face with his mantle and went out and stood beneath 
the cave. And behold there came a voice to him and said, 

14 Why art thou come hither, Elias ? To which Elias replied, 
I have been very zealous for the Lord Almighty, because the 
children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant. They have de- 
molished thy altars and slain thy prophets with the sword ; and 

15 I alone am left, and they seek my life to take it. And the 
Lord said to him, Go, return on thy way ; and when thou art 
come to the way of the wilderness of Damascus, thou shalt 

16 go and anoint Azael to be king of Syria; and thou shalt anoint 
Jehu son of Namessi to be king over Israel ; and Elisha son 

17 of Saphat thou shalt anoint to be a prophet in thy stead. And 
it shall come to pass that him who escapeth from the sword of 
Azael, Jehu will slay ; and him who escapeth from tbe sword 

VOL. II. Ν 



Ch. XXL III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

18 of Jehu, Elisha will slay. But thou shalt leave in Israel seven 
thousand men, all the knees which have not bowed to Baal, 

19 and every mouth which hath not worshipped him. So when 
he departed thence he found Elisha son of Saphat. He was 

20 ploughing with cattle. There were twelve yoke before him, 
and he was with the twelve. And as he passed by him, he threw 
his mantle on him. Whereupon Elisha left the cattle and ran 

21' after Elias and said, Let me salute my father and I will follow 
thee. And Elias said, Return ; for I have done with thee. So 
he returned from following him, and he took the cattle which 
were yoked, and slew them, and boiled them with the im- 
plements of the cattle, and gave them to the people, and when 
they had eaten, he arose and went after Elias and waited on 
him. 

XXL Now Nabuthi the Jezraelite had a vineyard near the 

2 threshing floor of Achab king of Samaria. And Achab spoke 
to Nabuthi, saying, Give me this vineyard of thine, that I 
may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near my house; 
and I will give thee another vineyard better than it ; or if it 
seem good in thy sight, I will give thee money in exchange 
for thy vineyard, that I may have it for a kitchen garden. 

3 And Nabuthi said to Achab, God forbid that I should give 

4 thee the inheritance of my fathers : at which Achab's spirit was 
so disturbed, that he laid himself down on his bed and cover- 

5 ed his face and would not eat. Thereupon Jezabel his wife, 
went to him and said to him, Why is thy spirit troubled so that 

6 thou art not at thy meal ? And he said to her, Because I spoke 
to Nabuthi the Jesraelite, saying, Give me thy vineyard for 
money, or if thou please I will give thee another vineyard for 
it ; but he said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fa- 

7 thers. And Jezabel his wife said to him, Is it thus thou now 
actest the king over Israel ? Arise and eat, and be like thy- 
self, and I will give thee the vineyard of Nabuthi the Jezra- 

8 elite. Then she wrote a letter in Achab's name, and sealed 
it with his seal, and sent it to the elders and freemen, who 

9 dwelt, with Nabuthi. This was the purport of the letter. Pro- 
claim a fast and set Nabuthi at the head of the people, and 

10 suborn two wicked men and let them testify against him say- 

11 ing, He renounced God and the king. Then let him be led 



Ch. XXI. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

out and stoned to death. And the men of the city, the elders 
and freemen who dwelt in his city did as Jezabel had sent to 

12 them, even as it was written in the letter she sent them. So 
having proclaimed a last, they set Nabuthi at the head of the 

13 people, and there came in two wicked men and sat over against 
him and testified against him saying, Thou hast renounced 
God and the king. Upon w ? hich they led him out of the city, 

14 and stoned him with stones so that he died. Then they sent to 

15 Jezabel raying, Nabuthi hath been stoned and is dead. When 
Jezabel heard she said to Achab, Arise and take possession 
of the vineyard of Nabuthi the Jezraelite, who would not give 

16 it to thee for money, for he is not alive, for he is dead. But 
when Achab heard that Nabuthi the Jezraelite was dead, he 
rent his clothes and put on sackcloth ; yet after doing this, he 
arose and went down to the vineyard of Nabuthi the Jezraelite, 

17 to take possession of it. Whereupon the Lord spoke toElias 

18 the Thesbite, saying, Arise and go down to meet Achab king of 
Israel, who is at Samaria; for he is in the vineyard of Nabuthi ; 

1 9 for he is gone down there to take possession of it. And thou 
shalt speak to him, and say, Thus saith the Lord, As thou 
hast murdered and taken possession, therefore thus saith the 
Lord, In every place where the swine and dogs have licked the 
blood of Nabuthi, there shall the dogs lick thy blood, and har- 

20 lots shall bathe themselves in thy blood. And Achab said to 
Elias, Hast thou found me, Ο my enemy? To which he re- 
plied, I have found thee. Because thou hast sold thyself to do 
evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to wrath, behold I 

21 am going to bring evil upon thee, and I will kindle a flame after 
thee and utterly destroy the whole race of Achab, both him 

22 who is attended and him who is neglected in Israel. And I will 
make thy house like the house of Jeroboam son of Nabat, and 
like the house of Baasa son of Achia, for the provocations with 

23 which thou hast provoked me, and caused Israel to sin. And to 
Jezabel the Lord hath spoken saying, The dogs shall devour 

24 her on the ramparts of Jezrael. Him of Achab who dieth in the 
city, the dogs shall devour, and him who dieth in the fields, the 
birds of the air shall devour. 

25 But though Achab had acted foolishly in selling himself to 
do evil in the sight of the Lord, as Jezabel his wife incited him, 



Oh. XX. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

26 and though he had rendered himself very abominable, by fol- 
lowing abominations with all the ceremonies practised by the 
Amorites, whom the Lord had rooted out from before Israel ; 

27 yet as Achab was struck with compunction at this message on 
account of the Lord, and went away weeping ; and as he had 
rent his clothes and girded sackcloth on his body and fasted; 
for he had put on sackcloth on the day he smote Nabuthi the 

28 Jezraelite; therefore when he went away, a word of the Lord 
came by the hand of his servant Elias concerning Achab, and 

29 the Lord said, Hast thou seen how Achab is struck with com- 
punction on account of me? I will not bring on the calamity in 
his days; but in the days of his sons I will bring it on. 

XX. Now when Son Ader had assembled all his army, he went 
up and sat down before Samaria. He had with him thirty two 

2 kings and all his cavalry and chariots. And when they had 
gone up and laid siege to Samaria and fought against it, he 
sent to Achab king of Israel into the city, and said to him, 

3 Thus saith Son Ader; Thy silver and thy gold are mine. And 

4 thy wives and thy children are mine. In reply to which the king 
of Israel said, As thou my lord, Ο king, hast spoken, I am thine 

5 and all that I have. Then the messengers returned and said, 
Thus saith Son Ader, I have sent to thee saying, Thy silver 
and thy gold and thy wives and thy children thou shalt give to 

6 me. Therefore about this time to-morrow I will send my ser- 
vants to thee, and they shall search thy house, and the houses 
of thy servants, and take all that are desirable in their eyes, 

7 upon which they can lay their hands. Upon this the king of 
Israel called all the elders of the land and said, Mark, I pray 
you and see how this man seeketh mischief. For he hath sent 
to me for my wives and for my children, even for my daugh- 

8 ters. My gold and my silver I did not withhold from him. 
Then the elders and all the people said to him, Thou must not 

9 hearken nor consent. Thereupon he. said to the messengers of 
Son Ader, Tell your lord, All that thou didst send to thy ser- 
vant at first I will do ; but this I cannot do. So the men went 

10 away ; and when they carried him back this answer, Son Ader 
sent to him saying, God do so to me and more also, if I do not 

11 make Samaria a jakes for all the people of my infantry. In re- 
ply to which the king of Israel said, Enough ! let not him who 



Oh. XX. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

12 is crooked boast like him who is straight. When this answer 
was delivered him, it happened that he and all the kings with 
him were drinking in tents, thereupon he said to his servants, 
Build up a mount. And when they had erected a mount 

13 against the city, behold a certain prophet came to Achab 
king of Israel and said, Thus saith the Lord, Hast thou seen 
this great multitude? Behold I deliver them up this day into 

14 thy hands, and thou shalt know that I am the Lord. And 
Achab said, By whom? And he said, Thus saith the Lord, By 
the younger sons of the chiefs of the communities. Then Achab 

15 said, Who shall begin the battle? And he said, Thou. Upon 
this Achab reviewed the younger sons of the chiefs of the com- 

16 munities and they were two hundred and thirty. And after that 
he reviewed all the people of the army, seven thousand, and 

17 marched out at noon day. Now Son Ader was revelling at Sok- 
koth, he and the kings, the thirty two kings his auxiliaries. 
And when the younger sons of the chiefs of the communities 
first marched out, messengers were sent who told the king of 

18 Syria and said, There are men coming out of Samaria. Where- 
upon he said to them, If they come out for peace, take them 
alive ; or if they come out for battle take them alive and let them 

19 not get away out of the city. The younger sons of the chiefs 
of the communities and the army that followed them had now 

20 smitten every one his man. And when they repeated this, every 
one slaying his second man, Syria fled and Israel pursued them. 
And Son Ader king of Syria escaped on the horse of a cava- 

21 lier. And the king of Israel went out and took all the horses 

22 and the chariots. And when he had smitten Syria with great 
slaughter the prophet came to the king of Israel and said, 
Strengthen thyself and consider and see what thou art to do. 
For at the return of the year Son Ader king of Syria will come 
up against thee. 

23 As for the servants of the king of Syria they said, The God 
of Israel is a god of the mountains and not a god of the vallies ; 
for this cause he prevailed over us. But if we fight them in the 

24 plain we shall surely be stronger than they. Therefore do this. 
Send away the kings every one to his home and substitute com- 

25 mandcrs in their stead. And let us raise for thee another army 
equal to that which is fallen, horse for horse and chariot for 



Ch. XX. III. KINGS—I. KINGS. 

chariot. And we will fight them in the plain and prevail over 

26 them. So he hearkened to their voice and did accordingly. 
And at the return of the year Son Ader reviewed the Syrians 

27 and came up to Aphek to fight Israel. And the Israelites were 
mustered and went out to meet them. And when Israel had 
encamped over against them like two little flocks of kids, 
while Syria filled the country, the man of God came and 

28 said to the king of Israel, Thus saith the Lord, Because Syria 
hath said, The Lord God of Israel is a god of the moun- 
tains, but he is not a god of the values, therefore I will de- 
liver this great army into thy hand, and thou shalt know that 

29 I am the Lord. So having encamped against each other se- 
ven days, they came to an engagement on the seventh day; 

30 and Israel smote of the Syrians a hundred thousand footmen 
in one day, and the residue fled to Aphek into the city, and 
the wall fell upon twenty seven thousand of the men who were 
left. And Son Ader fled, and when he got to the house of his 

3 1 abode into the inner chamber, he said to his servants, I know 
that the kings of Israel are merciful. Let us, I pray you, put 
sackcloth on our loins, and ropes on our heads, and go out to 

32 the king of Israel. Perhaps he will spare our lives. So when 
they had girded sackcloth on their loins, and put ropes on their 
heads, they said'to the king of Israel, Thus saith thy servant 
Son Ader, Let my life, I pray thee, be spared. To which he 

33 replied, Is he still alive? He is my brother. Whereupon the 
men catched up the omen, and using it as a libation, they re- 
peated the word which dropped from his mouth, and said, Thy 
brother, Son Ader. Then he said, Go in and bring him. So he 
came out. And when they had helped him up to Achab into 

34 the chariot, he said to him, The cities which my father took 
from thy father I will restore to thee. And thou shalt make 
streets for thyself in Damascus, as my father did in Samaria. 

35 On these terms, said Achab, I agree to let thee go. And when 
he had entered into covenant with him and let him go ; a cer- 
tain man of the sons of the prophets said to his neighbour by 
the word of the Lord, Smite me, I pray thee; but the man 

: .6 would not smite him. Whereupon he said to him, Because 

thou hast not hearkened to the word of the Lord, behold 

37 when thou departest from me a lion will smite thee. Accord- 



Ch. XXII. III. KINGS—I. KINGS. 

ingly when he went from him, a lion met him and slew him. 
Then he met another man and said, Smite me, I pray thee. 

38 And the man smote him, and in smiting, wounded him. Then 
the prophet went and waited for the king* of Israel by the way 

39 side, with a bandage over his eyes. And as the king was pass- 
ing by, he cried with a loud voice to the king, and said, Thy 
servant went out to the field of battle, and behold a man 
brought me a man, and said to me, Keep this man. If by any 
-means he escape, thy life shall answer for his life, or thou shalt 

40 pay a talent of silver. Now it happened that while thy servant 
was looking about this way and that, he was gone. And the 
king of Israel said to him, Behold this is treachery. In my 

41 opinion thou art liable to death. Thereupon he hasted and 
took the bandage from his eyes, and the king of Israel per- 

42 ceived that he was one of the prophets. Then he said to him, 
Thus saith the Lord, Because thou hast let go out of thy 
hand a destructive man, therefore thy life shall answer for his 

43 life ; and thy people for his people. And the king of Israel 
went away confounded and sorrowful, and came to Samaria, 

XXII. and remained quiet three years, and there was no war be- 
tween Syria and Israel. 

2 But in the third year, when Josaphat king of Juda, came 

3 down to the king of Israel, the king of Israel said to his ser- 
vants, Do you not know that Remmath Galaad belongeth to 

4 us, yet we do not talk of taking it out of the hand of the king 
of Syria. Then the king of Israel said to Josaphat, Wilt thou 

5 go up with us to Remmath Galaad to battle? To which Josa- 
phat replied, I am as thou art; my people as thy people; my 
horses as thy horses. Then Josaphat said to the king of Israel, 

6 Inquire I pray thee of the Lord. Whereupon the king of Is- 
rael assembled all the prophets, about four hundred men , and said 
to them, Shall I go up to Remmath Galaad to battle, or shall I 
forbear? And they said, Go up; for the Lo»d will certainly de- 

7 liver into the king's hands. And Josaphat said to the king of 
Israel, Is there not here a prophet of the Lord that we may in- 

8 quire of the Lord by him? And the king of Israel said to Josa- 
phat, There is a certain man by whom we may inquire of the 
Lord, but I hate him; for he never speaketh good of me; but 

9 evil — one Michaias, son of Jemblaa. And Josaphat king of 



Ch. XXII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

Juda said, Let not the king speak so. Then the king of Is- 
rael called a chamberlain, and said, Bring here quickly Mi- 

10 chaias son of Jemblaa. Now the king of Israel and Josaphat 
king of Juda were seated each on his throne, clad in armour, 
in the gate of Samaria ; and all the prophets were prophesying 

1 1 before them. And Sedekias son of Chanaan made for himself 
horns of iron, and said, Thus saith the Lord, with these thou 

12 shalt push Syria until he be utterly destroyed. And in like 
manner all the prophets prophesied, saying, Go up to Rem- 
math Galaad, for the Lord will prosper the journey and de- 

13 liver into thy hands the king of Syria. So the messenger who 
went to call Michaias, spoke to him saying, Behold all the 
prophets with one mouth speak good things concerning the 
king, conform, I pray thee, thy words to the words of every of 

14 them, and speak good things. To which Michaias replied, As 
the Lord liveth, whatever the Lord shall say to me, that will I 

15 speak. And when he came before the king, the king said to 
him, Michaias, shall I go up to Remmath Galaad to battle, or 
shall I forbear ? And he said, Go up, and the Lord will deliver 

16 into the king's hand! Then the king said to him, How often 
must I adjure thee that thou shouldst speak truth to me in the 

17 name of the Lord? Thereupon he said, Is not this the case? I 
saw all Israel dispersed on the mountains like a flock which 
hath no shepherd ; and the Lord said, Is not the Lord, their 

18 God? Let every one return to his house in peace. Then the 
king of Israel said to Josaphat, Did I not tell thee that he 
would not prophesy good to me, for he never speaketh any 

19 thing but evils? Whereupon Michaias said, It is not so. It is 
not I. Hear a word of the Lord. Is not this the case? I saw 
the God of Israel seated on his throne, and all the hosts of 
heaven stood around him, some on the right and some on the 

20 left. And the Lord said, Who will deceive Achab king of Is- 
rael that he may go up and fall at Remmath Galaad ? And 

21 when one spoke in this manner and another in that, there came 
forth a spirit and stood before the Lord, and said, I will deceive 

22 him. And the Lord said to him, How? And he said, I will go 
out and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. 
And he said, Thou shalt deceive him and actually prevail. 

23 Go and do so. Now therefore behold the Lord hath put a ly- 



Ch. XXII. III. KINGS— I. KINGS. 

ing spirit in the mouth of all these prophets of thine ; but the 
24 Lord hath spoken evils against thee. Thereupon Sedekias 

sonofChanaan went near and smote Michaias on the cheek, 

and said, What sort of a spirit of the Lord is that which hath 
25* spoken by thee? To which Michaias replied, Behold thou 

shalt see on that day when thou shalt go into thy inmost cham- 

26 ber to hide thyself there. Then the king of Israel said, Take 

27 Michaias and carry him back to Semer, the ruler of the city, 
and tell Joas, the ruler's son, to put him in ward and feed him 
with the bread of affliction, and water of affliction, till I return 

28 in peace. And Michaias said, If thou return in peace, the Lord 
hath not spoken by me. 

29 Then the king of Israel went up, and Josaphat the king of 

30 Juda with him, to Remmath Galaad. And the king of Israel 
said to the king of Juda, I will disguise myself and enter into 
the battle, and thou shalt put on my raiment. So the king of 

31 Israel disguised himself and went into the battle. Now the 
king of Syria had given a charge to the thirty two command- 
ers of his chariots, saying, Fight not with small or great, but 

32 only with the king of Israel. Accordingly when the command- 
ers of the chariots saw Josaphat, king of Juda, they said, 
This appeareth to be the king of Israel, and wheeled about to 

33 fight him, and Josaphat uttered a loud cry. And when the 
commanders of the chariots saw that he was not the king of 

34 Israel, they turned back from him. Then one drew a bow at 
a venture and smote the king of Israel between the lungs and 
the breast. Whereupon he said to his charioteer, Turn thy 

35 hand and carry me out of the battle, for I am wounded. As 
the battle was that day disastrous the king remained in his 
chariot over against the Syrians from morning till evening, 
and the blood flowed from the wound into the body of the 

36 chariot. And at the going down of the sun the herald of the 
army stood and made proclamation, saying, Every man to his 

37 city and to his own land; for the king is dead. And when 
they came to Samaria they buried the king in Samaria, and 

58 washed off the blood at the fountain of Samaria, and the swine 
and the dogs licked the blood, and the prostitutes bathed 
themselves in the blood, according to the word of the Lord 

39 which he spoke. Now the rest of the acts of Achab and all 

VOP,. II. η 



Ch. XXII. III. KINGS— 1. KINGS. 

that he did, and the ivory house which he built, and all the 
cities which he founded, behold are they not written in the 

40 book of the journal of the kings of Israel? And when Achab 
slept with his fathers, Ochozias his son reigned in his stead. 

41 Now Josaphat son of Asa was king over Juda. In the 
fourth year of Achab, king of Israel, Josaphat began his reign. 
He was thirty five years of age when he began to reign, and 
he reigned twenty five years in Jerusalem, and his mother's 

43 name was Azuba, a daughter of Salai. And he walked in all 
the way of his father Asa, and deviated not from it, doing 
what was right in the sight of the Lord. But he did not re- 

44 move the high places. Still the people sacrificed and burned 
incense on the high places. And Josaphat was at peace with 

45 the king of Israel. Now the rest of the acts of Josaphat, and 
all the exploits which he did, behold are they not written in the 

50 book of the journal of the kings of Juda? And Josaphat slept 
with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of 
David his father, and Joram his son reigned in his stead. 

5 1 Ochozias son of Achab, began his reign over Israel, in Sa- 
maria, in the seventeenth year of Josaphat king of Juda, and 

52 reigned over Israel in Samaria two years. He did that which 
was evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of his 
father Achab, and in the way of his mother Jezabel, and in the 
sins of the house of Jeroboam son of Nabat, who made Israel 
sin, and served the Baalims and worshipped them, and pro- 
voked the Lord God of Israel according to all that had been 
done before him. 

IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

I. After the death of Achab, Moab broke covenant with 

2 Israel. And Ochozias fell through the lattice in his upper 
chamber at Samaria, and was sick, whereupon he sent messen- 
gers, saying to them, Go and inquire of Baal the fly-god of Ak- 

3 karon, whether I shall recover from this sickness of mine. And 
when they set out to inquire of him, the angel of the Lord 
called Elias the Thesbite, and said, Arise and go, meet the 
messengers of Ochozias king of Samaria, and say to them, Is 
it because there is not a God in Israel, that you are going to 



Ch. I. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

4 inquire of Baal the fly- god of Akkaron? Now is not this the 
case, saith the Lord, From the bed to which thou art gone up 

5 thou shalt not come down, for thou shalt assuredly die? So 
Elias went and spoke to them, and the messengers returned to 

6 the king. Thereupon he said to them, Why are you returned? 
To which they replied, There came up a man to meet us, and 
he said to us, Go, return to the king who sent you and say to 
him, Thus saith the Lord, Is it because there is not a God in 
Israel, that thou goest to inquire of Baal, the fly-god of Akka- 
ron? Now is not this the case; From the bed to which thou 
hast gone up thou shalt not come down, for thou shalt assu- 

7 redly die ? Now when they who returned told the king what 
Elias had said, he said to them, What sort of a man was he 
who came up to meet you, and spoke these words to you ? 

8 And they said to him, He was a hairy man, girt about the 
loins with a leathern girdle. Upon which he said, This is 

9 Elias the Thesbite. Then he sent to him a captain of fifty with 
his fifty, who went up to him. Now behold Elias was sitting 
on the top of the mount. And when the captain spoke to him 
and said, Man of God, the king hath sent for thee, come down. 

10 Elias, in reply, said to the captain, If I be a man of God, let fire- 
come down from heaven and consume thee and thy fifty. So 
there came down fire from heaven and consumed him and his 

11 fifty. But the king persisted, and sent to him another captain 
of fifty with his fifty. And the captain spoke to him and said, 
Man of God, thus saith the king, Come down quickly. 

12 Whereupon Elias in reply, said to him, If I be a man of God, 
let fire come down from heaven and consume thee and thy 
fifty. Accordingly there came down fire from heaven and con- 

1 3 sumed him and his fifty. Still the king persisted, and sent 
another captain and his fifty. But when the third captain came 
he fell upon his knees before Elias, and with entreaties address- 
ed him, saying, Ο man of God, let my life and the lives of thy 

14 servants, these fifty, be precious in thy sight. Behold, fire hath 
come down from heaven and consumed the two former cap- 
tains of fifty ; but now let my life, I beseech thee, be precious 

15 in thy sight. Then the angel of the Lord spoke to Elias, and 
1 G said, Go down with him ; be not afraid of them. So Elias 

arose and went down with him to the king. And Elias spoke 



Ch. II. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

to him and said, Thus saith the Lord, Why didst thou send 
messengers to inquire of Baal the fly-god of Akkaron ? Is not 
this the case ? From the bed to which thou hast gone up thou 

17 shalt not come down : for thou shalt assuredly die? So he died 

18 according to the word of the Lord, which Elias spake. Now 
the rest of the acts of Ochozias which he did, behold are they 
not written in the book of the journal of the kings of Israel ? 
And J oram son of Achab reigned over Israel in Samaria, twelve 
years, commencing in the eighteenth year of Josaphat king of 
Juda. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, but not in the 
manner his brothers, nor as his mother had done. He indeed 
removed the pillars of Baal which his father had erected, and 
broke them to pieces. Nevertheless he adhered to the sins of 
the house of Jeroboam, who had caused Israel to sin, and did 
not depart from them. Therefore the Lord was provoked to 
wrath against the house of Achab. 

II. Now when the Lord was about to take up Elias as it were 
with a whirlwind into heaven, Elias went with Elisha from 

2 Galgala. Now Elias had said to Elisha, Tarry here I pray 
thee, for God hath sent me to Baithel. But Elisha said, As the 
Lord liveth and thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they 

3 went to Baithel. And the sons of the prophets who were at 
Baithel, came to Elisha and said to him, Dost thou know that 
the Lord will take thy master to-day from over thy head ? 

4 And he said, I know it. Hold your peace. Then Elias said 
to Elisha, Tarry here I pray thee ; for the Lord hath sent me 
to Jericho. But he said, As the Lord liveth, and thy soul 

5 liveth, I will not forsake thee. So they went to Jericho. And 
the sons of the prophets who were in Jericho, came to Elisha 
and said to him, Dost thou know that to-day the Lord will 
take away thy master from over thy head ? And he said, I 

6 indeed know it ; hold your peace. Then Elias said to him, 
Tarry here I pray thee, for the Lord hath sent me to the Jor- 
dan. But Elisha replied, As the Lord liveth and thy soul liveth, 

7 I will not leave thee. So they both proceeded on. And fifty 
men, sons of the prophets stood over against them at a distance 

8 when they two stopped at the Jordan. And Elias took his man- 
tle and having rolled it up, he smote the water, and the water 
parted this way and that, so that they both crossed on dry 



Ch. II. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

9 ground. And when they had crossed, Elias said to Elisha, 
Ask what I shall do for thee, before I am taken up from thee. 
Whereupon Elisha said, Let there be, I pray thee, a double por- 

10 tion of thy spirit on me. And Elias said, Thou hast put me 
to a stand by this request. If thou seest me taken up from 
thee, it shall be so to thee ; but if not ; it cannot be granted. 

11 And as they proceeded on conversing as they went, behold a 
chariot of fire, with horses of fire, made a separation between 
them ; and Elias was carried up with a whirlwind as it were into 

12 heaven. And Elisha saw and cried with a loud voice, My father! 
my father ! The chariot of Israel and the driver thereof ! And 
when he saw him no more, he took hold of his garment and 

13 rent it in two pieces. Then he took up the mantle of Elias 
which fell from on high, and on his return back, he stood on 

14 the bank of the Jordan, and took the mantle of Elias which 
had fallen from him, and smote the water and said, Where 
is the God of Elias now ! And when he had smitten the waters 

15 they parted this way and that, so Elisha crossed over. And 
when the sons of the prophets who were at Jericho over against 
him, saw him, they said, The spirit of Elias hath rested on 
Elisha, so they went to meet him, and made obeisance to him 

16 by bowing to the ground. Then they said to him, Behold 
there are with thy servants fifty valiant men. Let them, we 
pray thee, go and seek thy master. Perhaps a blast of the 
Lord hath lifted him up and cast him by the Jordan, either on 

17 one of the mountains, or one of the hills. And Elisha said, 
You shall not send. But when they pressed him till he was 

18 ashamed, he said, Send. So they sent fifty men. And when 
they had searched three days, but did not find him, they re- 
turned to Elisha, who abode at Jericho. And Elisha said to 
them, Did I not tell you, you should not go ? 

19 Then the men of the city said to Elisha, Behold the situ- 
ation of the cityis good as our lord seeth, but the water is bad 

20 and the ground barren. Thereupon Elisha said to them, Bring 

21 me a new pitcher and put salt therein. And when they had 
got one and brought it to him, Elisha went to the spring of 
the waters, and threw the salt in there and said, Thus saith the 
the Lord, I cure the waters. There shall no more be thence 

22 death or barren ground. So the waters were healed, and 



Ch. III. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

continue so to this day, according to the word which Elisha 
spoke. 

23 Then he went up thence to Baithel, and as he was going up 
he met in the way, little boys who had come out of the city, 

24 and who mocked him saying, Ascend bald head ! Ascend ! 
And looking back upon them, he beheld them, and denounced 
a curse against them, in the name of the Lord. And behold 
there came two bears from the forest, and they tore forty two 

25 of the boys. Thence he went to mount Karmel, and thence 
returned to Samaria. 

III. Now Joram son of Achab, began his reign in Israel in the 

2 eighteenth year of Josaphat king of Juda, and reigned twelve 
years, and did evil in the sight of the Lord, but not like his 

3 father nor his mother. He indeed removed the pillars of Baal 
which his father had erected; but he adhered to the sin of Je- 
roboam son of Nabat, who had caused Israel to sin, and did 

4 not depart from that. Now Mosa king of Moab, was a Noked 
[one who paid tribute in sheep] and rebelliously withheld 
from the king of Israel a hundred thousand lambs, and a hun- 

5 dred thousand rams with the wool. And it happened that after 
the death of Achab, when the king of Moab broke covenant 

6 with Israel, king Joram was at that time gone from Samaria and 

7 was reviewing Israel. So he proceeded on and sent to Josaphat 
king of Juda, saying, The king of Moab hath broken cove- 
nant with me, wilt thou go with me to battle against Moab ? 
To which he replied, I will go up. He is the same to me as 
he is to thee. My people is as thy people ; my horses as thy 

8 horses. Then he said, Which way must I go up ? To which 

9 he answered, By the way to the wilderness of Edom. So the 
king of Israel and the king of Juda, and the king of Edom, 
went out and took a circuit of seven days, and there was no 
water for the army nor for the cattle which attended them. 

10 And when the king of Israel said, Alas ! for the Lord hath 
called the three kings who have come thus far, to deliver them 

11 into the hand of Moab; Josaphat said, Is there not here a pro- 
phet of the Lord, that we may inquire of the Lord by him? 
Whereupon one of the king of Israel's servants in reply, said, 
Elisha son of Saphat is here, who poured water on the hands 

12 of Elias. And Josaphat said, The word of the Lord is with 



Ch. III. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

him. So the king of Israel, with Josaphat king of Juda and 

13 the king of Edom, went down to him. And Elisha said to the 
king of Israel, What hast thou to do with me ? Go to the pro- 
phets of thy father and the prophets of thy mother. And the king 
of Israel said to him, I am fearful that the Lord hath called these 

14 three kings to deliver them into the hands of Moab. To which 
Elisha replied, As the Lord of hosts liveth in whose presence 
I stand, were it not that I respect the person of Josaphat king 

15 of Juda, I would not look on thee nor see thee. But now bring 

16 me a musician. And when the musician played, the hand of 

17 the Lord came upon him, and he said, Thus saith the Lord, 
Make this valley full of ditches. For thus saith the Lord, You 
shall not see wind nor shall you see rain, nevertheless this val- 
ley shall be filled with water that you and your beasts and your 

18 cattle may drink. And this is but a small matter in the eyes of 

19 the Lord; fori will deliver Moab into your hands, and you 
shall smite every fenced city, and cut down every goodly tree. 
And all the wells of water you shall stop up, and every good 

20 piece of ground you shall mar with stones. Accordingly in the 
morning when the sacrifice ascended, behold there came water 
by the way of Edom, and the land was filled with water. 

21 Now all Moab upon hearing that the three kings were 
coming to fight against them, had sounded the alarm, To arms 

from every place all -who wear a girdle, and having repeated the 

22 alarm Wo, were drawn up at their border. And when they 
arose in the morning and the sun shone on the waters, the Mo- 
abites saw the waters over against them red like blood, and 

23 said, This is the blood of the sword. The kings have fought 
and every man hath slain his fellow, now therefore to the 

24 spoils, Ο Moab ! But when they came to the camp of Israel, 
the Israelites arose and smote Moab. And as the Moabites 
fled before them they entered the country advancing and smit- 

25 ing Moab. The cities they demolished, and on every good 
piece of ground they threw, every man his stone. And when 
they had filled it and stopped up every fountain, and cut down 
every goodly tree, until they left only the stones of the wall of 
Katheremenus, then the slingers surrounded this and smote 

26 it. And when the king of Moab saw that the battle was too 
strong for him, he took with him seven hundred men who 



Ch. IV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

drew the sword, to cut their way through to the king of Edom, 
27 But when he could not, he took his son, his first born, whom 
he had made king in his stead, and offered him up as a whole 
burnt offering on the walls. Upon which great commiseration 
came upon Israel, and they departed from him, and returned 
into their own land. 
IV. When a woman, a widow, of one of the sons of the pro- 
phets cried to Elisha, saying, Thy servant, my husband, is 
dead, and thou knowest that thy servant was one who feared the 
Lord, and the creditor is come to take my two sons to be his 

2 slaves, Elisha said to her, What can I do for thee? Tell me; 
W r hat hast thou in thy house? To which she replied, Thy ser- 
vant hath nothing in the house, but only the oil with which I 

3 anoint myself. Thereupon he said to her, Go and borrow of all 

4 thy neighbours empty vessels. Spare not in borrowing. Then 
go in and shut the door on thee and thy sons, and pour out into 

5 these vessels, setting aside that which is full. So she went away 
from him ; and having shut the door on herself and her sons, 
they brought to her and she poured out until the vessels were 

6 filled. And when she said to her sons, Bring me another ves- 
sel, and they replied, There is not a vessel more, the oil stop- 

7 ped. Then she went and told the man of God, and Elisha said 
to her, Go and sell the oil and pay thy debts, and live thou and 
thy children on the oil which is left. 

8 It happened also that one day when Elisha went to Soman, 
a woman of rank there prevailed on him to eat bread. So as oft 

9 as he went thither he called in to eat. Whereupon the woman 
said to her husband, Behold I perceive that the man of God — 

10 this holy man passeth by us on all occasions, let us I pray thee, 
prepare for him a small room up stairs, and let us put there for 
him a bed and a table and a chair and a lamp, so that when he 

11 cometh to us he may turn in thither. So one day when he went 
there he turned aside into the chamber, and having slept there, 

12 he said to his servant Giezi, Call me this Somanite. So he call- 

13 ed her and she stood before him. (Now he had said to his ser- 
vant, Say, I pray thee, to her, Behold as thou hast taken all 
this trouble for us, what must I do for thee? Hast thou any 
message to send to the king or to the general of the army ? 
And she had said to him, I indeed dwell in the midst of my 



Ch. IV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

14 people. Upon which he said to Giezi, What can be clone for 
her? And his servant Giezi replied, She indeed hath not a son 

15 and her husband is old.) So when he had called her and she 

16 stood at the door, Elisha said to her, This time twelve month, 
about this very hour thou alive and well hast embraced a son. 
To which she replied, Nay, my lord, do not deceive thy hand- 

17 maid. So the woman conceived and bore a son about that time, 
twelve month, about the very hour, being alive and well as Eli- 

18 sha said to her. But when the child grew up, happening to go 
out to his father to the reapers, he said to his father, My head ! 

19 my head! Whereupon he said to the servant, Carry him to his 

20 mother. So he carried him to his mother, and he lay on her lap 

21 till noon and died. And when she had carried him up and laid 
him on the bed of the man of God, she shut the door on him 

22 and came out and called her husband and said, Send me, I pray 
thee, one of the servants and one of the asses that I may go 

23 speedily to the man of God and return. And he said to her, 
Why wouldst thou go to him to-day? It is neither new moon 

24 nor sabbath. To which she replied, Peace. So when he had 
saddled the ass, she said to her servant, Come, drive on. Slack 
not thy gait for me, unless I order thee. Come, press forward 

25 and go to the man of God to mount Karmel. So she proceeded 
on and came to the man of God to the mount. Now Elisha saw 
her coming and said to his servant Giezi, Behold yonder is the 

26 Somanite, run and meet her and say, Is it well with thee? Is it 
well with thy husband ? Is it well with the child? And she said, 

27 It is well. But when she came to Elisha on the mount, she took 
hold of his feet, whereupon Giezi went near to push her back. 
But Elisha said, Let her alone : for her soul is full of sorrow^ 
and the Lord hath hid the cause from me and hath not told me. 

28 Then she said, Did I ask a son of my lord? Did I not say, Do 

29 not deceive me. Thereupon Elisha said to Giezi, Gird up thy 
loins and take my staff in thy hand and go. If thou meetest a 
man salute him not. And if any man salute thee, return him no 

30 answer. And lay my staff on the face of the child. But the mo- 
ther of the child said, As the Lord liveth and thy soul liveth 

31 I will not leave thee. So Elisha arose and followed her. Now 
Giezi had gone before her and laid the staff on the child's face; 
but there was no voice, nor attention. So when he came back 

VOL. II. r 



Ch. V. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

32 and met him he said to him, The child is not awaked. And 
when Elisha came to the house, behold the child was dead and 

33 laid upca his bed. Then Elisha went into the house and shut 
the door upon them two; and having• prayed to the Lord he 

34 went up and lay down upon the child and put his mouth on the 
child's mouth, and his eyes on its eyes, and his hands on its 
hands, and bent himself down upon it; and the flesh of the child 

35 was warmed. Then he withdrew, and when he had walked 
backward and forward in the house, he went up and bent him- 
self upon the child seven times, and the child opened its eyes. 

36 Whereupon Elisha called Giezi and said, Call the Somanite. 

37 So he called her. And when she came to him, Elisha said, 
Take up thy son. Thereupon she came and fell at his feet, and 
having made obeisance to him by bowing to the ground she 
took up her son and went out. 

38 When Elisha returned to Galgala there w T as a famine in the 
land, and the sons of the prophets sat before him. And Elisha 
said to his servant, Put on the large kettle and boil some pot- 

39 tage for the sons of the prophets. And one went out into the 
fields to gather herbs, and having found a vine in the fields he 
gathered from it a lapful of wild berries and threw them into the 

40 kettleofsoup; for they did not know them. Then they poured out 
forthemento eat: butw T hen they had eaten of the pottage, behold 
they cried out and said, There is death in the kettle, Ο man of 

41 God: for they could not eat. Whereupon he said, Take some 
meal and throw it into the kettle. Then Elisha said to his ser- 
vant Giezi, Pour out for the people and let them eat. And 

42 there was no more any thing disagreeable in the kettle. After 
that there came a man from Baithariso and brought to the man 
of God, of the first fruits twenty loaves of barley bread and 

43 some fig cakes. And he said, Give these to the people and let 
them eat. And when his servant said, Why should I set this 
before a hundred men? he said, Give it to the people and let 

44 them eat; for thus saith the Lord, They shall eat and leave. So 
they ate and left according to the word of the Lord. 

V. Naiman the captain general of the army of Syria, was a man- 
great in the sight of his master and highly honoured; because 
by him the Lord had given deliverance to Syria. But this man 
2 who was mighty in power, was leprous. Now the light armed 



Ch. V. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

bands had gone from Syria and brought away captive out of 
the land of Israel, a little girl and she waited on Naiman's wife. 

3 And she said to lier mistress, Ο that my master were before 
the prophet of God who is in Samaria : Then would he cure 

4 him of his leprosy. And she went in and told her lord and said, 
Thus and thus hath the little girl spoken, who is from the 

5 land of Israel. Upon this the king of Syria said to Naiman, 
Come, go, and I will send a letter to the king of Israel. So 
he set out and took with him ten talents of silver and six thou- 
sand pieces of gold and ten suits of apparel and carried the 

6 letter to the king of Israel, the purport of which was, Now 
when this letter shall come to thee, behold I have sent to thee 
my servant Naiman that thou mayst cure him of his leprosy. 

7 And when the king of Israel had read the letter he rent his 
clothes and said, Am I God to kill or give life, that he send- 
eth to me to cure a man of his leprosy ? For only consider, I 
pray you, and see how he seeketh a pretence for quarreling 

8 with me. But when Elisha heard that the king of Israel had 
rent his clothes he sent to him saying, Why hast thou rent 
thy clothes ? Let Naiman come to me and know that there is 

9 a prophet in Israel. So Naiman went with his horses and cha- 

10 riot and stopped at the doors of Elisha's house. And Elisha 
sent a messenger to him saying, Go and wash thyself seven 
times in the Jordan, and thy flesh shall return to thee and thou 

11 shalt be cleansed. Thereupon Naiman was inflamed with in- 
dignation and went away saying, Behold I thought he would 
at least come out and stand and call on the name of his God, 

12 or lay his hand on the place, and cure the leprous part. Are 
not Abana and Pharphar, rivers of Damascus, better than 
all the waters of Israel ? Why may I not go and wash in 
them, and be cleansed ? So he turned and went away in a 

13 rage. But his servants drew near and said to him, Had the 
prophet enjoined thee some great thing, wouldst thou not do 

14 it? And wilt thou not, because he said, Wash and be clean? 
Then Naiman went down, and when he had dipped himself 
seven times in the Jordan, according to the word of the pro- 
phet, hjs flesh became again like the flesh of a little child, and 

15 he was cleansed. Upon this he and all his retinue, returned to 
Elisha, and came and stood before him and said. Behold I 



Ch. V. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

now know that there is not a God in all the earth but only in Is- 
rael. Now therefore accept this acknowledgment, from thy 

16 servant. But Elisha said, As the Lord liveth in whose pre- 

17 sence I stand, I will not receive it. And when he urged him 
to take it and he refused, Naiman said, But if not ; pray let 
there be given to thy servant a couple of mules burden of earth ; 
for thy servant will no more offer a whole burnt offering or 
a sacrifice to other gods, but only to the Lord. But in this 

18 thing may the Lord be gracious to thy servant. When my 
master goeth into the house of Remman to worship there, 
should he lean on my hand, and I bow down in the house of 
Remman, when he boweth down there, may the Lord, I pray, 

19 be gracious to thy servant in this respect. And Elisha said 

20 to Naiman, Go in peace. Now when he had gone a little way 
from him, Giezi the servant of Elisha said, Behold my master 
hath spared Naiman the Syrian, in not receiving at his hand 
what he brought. As the Lord liveth, I will run after him, 
and receive something from him. So Giezi went after Nai- 

21 man with all speed. And when Naiman saw him running after 

22 him, he turned about from his chariot to meet him. And he 
said, Peace ! My master hath sent me saying, Behold there 
are just come to me from mount Ephraim two young men of 
the sons of the prophets. Give, I pray thee for them a talent 

23 of silver and two suits of apparel. To which he replied, Take 
two talents of silver. So he took two talents of silver, in two 
bae-s, and two suits of raiment and laid them on two of his 

24 servants and they carried them before him. And when he came 
to a dark place, he took them from the hands of his servants, 

25 and laid them up in the house. And when he had dismissed 
the men, he went in and stood before his master. And Elisha 
said to him, Whence comest thou, Giezi? To which he re- 

26 plied, Thy servant hath not gone any where. And Elisha said 
to him, My heart indeed did not go with thee, when the man 
turned about from his chariot to meet thee. Now thou hast 
received silver ; and thou hast now received the apparel and 
olive yards and vine yards, and flocks and herds and men ser- 

27 vants, and maid servants ; but the leprosy of Naiman shall 
cleave to thee, and thy seed forever. So he went out from his 
presence, leprous like snow. 



Ch. VI. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

VI. When the sons of the prophets said to Elisha, Behold 
the place where we dwell before thee is too confined for us ; 

2 let us we pray thee, go to the Jordan, and take thence every 
man a piece of timber, and build there for ourselves a dwell- 

3 ing, and he said, Go ; one of them intreated him saying, Come 
along with thy servants ; and he said I will go. So he went 

4 with them. And when they came to the Jordan and were cut- 

5 ting the timber, behold as one was felling the beam the ax 
dropped in the water. Upon which he cried out, Ο my lord! 

6 Now it was quite hid. And the man of God said, Where did 
it fall ? And when he had shewed him the place, he cut a chip 
of wood and threw it there, and the ax swam on the surface. 

7 And he said, Take it up. So he stretched forth his hand and 
took it up. 

8 When the king of Syria was carrying on a war against Is- 
rael, and consulted with his servants saying, In such and such 

9 a place I will encamp in ambush, Elisha sent to the king of 
Israel saying, Take care not to pass by such a place, for the 

10 Syrians lie concealed there. And when the king of Israel sent 
to the place which Elisha mentioned, and avoided it more 
than once or twice, the heart of the king of Syria was moved 

11 at this. And he called his servants and said to them, Why will 
you not tell me, who it is that betray eth me to the king of Israel? 

12 Thereupon one of his servants said, That is not the case, my 
lord, Ο king ! For it is Elisha the prophet in Israel who tell- 
eth the king of Israel all the words which thou speakest in 

13 thy bed chamber. Then he said, Go see where he is, and I 

14 will send and take him. And when they told him saying, Be- 
hold he is at Dothaim, he sent thither horses and chariots, 

15 even a strong detachment. And they came by night and sur- 
rounded the city. And when Elisha' s servant arose early in 
the morning and went out, behold an army with horses and 
chariots surrounded the city, whereupon the servant said to 

16 him, Ο my lord, what shall we do ? And Elisha said, Fear 

17 not ; for there are more with us than with them. Then Elisha 
prayed and said, Ο Lord I beseech thee, open his eyes that 
he may see. Accordingly the Lord opened his eyes and he 
looked and lo ! the mountain was full of horses and chariots of 

18 fire around Elisha. And as the Syrians were coining down up- 
on him Elisha prayed to the Lord and said, Smite I pray thee, 



Ch. VI. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

19 this people with dimness of sight. And when he had smitten 
them with dimness of sight, according to the word of Elisha, 
Elisha said to them, This is not the city ; nor this the way. 

20 Come, follow me, and I will lead you to the man whom you 
are seeking. So he led them away to Samaria ; and when they 
had entered Samaria, Elisha.said, Open, Ο Lord, I beseech 
thee, their eyes, and let them see. So he opened their eyes 
and looked, and behold they were in the midst of Samaria. 

21 Now when the king of Israel saw them, he said to Elisha, 

22 My father, shall I smite them? To which he replied, Thou 
must not smite them. Dost thou smite any but those whom 
thou hast captivated with thy own sword, or thy own bow? 
Set bread and water before them and let them eat and drink, 

23 and go to their lord,. So he made a great entertainment for 
them. And when they had eaten and drunk he dismissed 
them, and they went to their master, and the predatory bands 
of Syria came no more into the land of Israel. 

24 After this, Son Ader king of Syria, assembled his whole 
army and came up and sat down before Samaria, and there was 

25 a great famine in Samaria. For behold they besieged it until 
an ass's head was sold for fifty shekels of silver, and a quarter of 

26 a kab of vetches for five shekels of silver. And as the king of Is- 
rael was passing by on the wall, a woman cried to him and said, 

27 Save me, my lord, Ο king! And the king said to her, Unless 
the Lord save thee, whence can I save thee, from the threshing 

28 floor or from the press ? Then the king said to her, What is 
the matter with thee? And the woman said, This woman said 
to me, Give thy son that we may eat him to-day ; and we will 

29 eat my son to-morrow. So when we had boiled my son and 
eaten him, I said to her on the next day, Give thy son that we 

30 may eat him ; but she hath hidden her son. When the king 
of Israel heard the words of the woman he rent his clothes, as 
he was passing along on the wall, so that all the people saw the 

31 sackcloth underneath on his flesh. And he said, God do so to 
me and more also, if the head of Elisha shall stand on him this 

32 day. Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were 
sitting with him. And when the king despatched a man before 
him ; before the messenger came to him he said to the elders, 
Do vou see that this son of a murderer hath sent to take oft* mv 



Ch. VII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

head ? Look ! when the messenger cometh, shut the door and 
stop him there. Is not the sound of his master's feet behind 

33 him? And while he was speaking with them, behold the mes- 
senger came down to him. And when the king said, Behold 
this calamity is from the Lord ; why should I wait any longer 

VII. for the Lord ? Elisha replied, Hear a word of the Lord, 
Thus saith the Lord, About this time to-morrow, a measure of 
fine flour for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, 

2 in the gates of Samaria. Upon this a nobleman on whose hand 
the king leaned, in reply to Elisha said, Behold should the 
Lord make flood gates in heaven, can such a thing be ? And 
Elisha replied, Behold thou shalt see it with thy eyes but shalt 
not eat thereof. 

3 Now there were four lepers before the gate of the city, and 

4 one said to another, Why sit we here till we die? If we say, 
let us go into the city ; there is a famine in the city and we 
must die there. And if we stay here we must die. Now there- 
fore come, let us desert to the camp of Syria ; if they take us 
alive we may live ; and if they put us to death, we can but die. 

5 So they arose when it was dark to go to the Syrian camp. 

6 But when they came to a part of the camp of Syria; behold 
there was not a man there. For the Lord had caused the sound 
of chariots and the sound of horses, and the sound of a great 
army to be heard in the Syrian camp : whereupon they said 
one to another, Now hath the king of Israel hired against us 
the kings of the Chettites and the kings of Egypt to come upon 

7 us. Therefore they arose and fled while it was dark. They 
left their tents and their horses and their asses in the camp as 

■8 it was, and fled for their lives. So when the lepers came to a 

part of the camp they went into a tent and ate and drank, and 

carried thence silver and gold and raiment, and went away. 

And returning again they went into another tent and took 

9 things out of it and hid them. Then one said to another, We 

should not do so. This is a day of good news. Should we be 

silent and wait till the morning light, we shall incur guilt. Now 

therefore, come, let us go and inform the king's household. 

10 Accordingly they came and cried with a loud voice at the gate 

of the city and told them the news, saying, We have been to 

- the camp of Syria and behold there is not a man there, nor the 



Ch. VIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

sound of a man. For there is nothing there but the horses and 

1 1 the asses tied, and the tents as they were. And when the watch- 
men at the gates cried and told the king's household within, the 

12 king arose and said to his servants, Let me tell you what Sy- 
ria hath done to us. They know that we are famishing, there- 
fore they have left their camp and hid themselves in the fields, 
saying, They will come out of the city and we shall take them 

13 alive and enter the city. To this one of his servants said in re- 
ply, Pray let them take five of the remaining horses which are 
left here, behold they are nearly all the multitude belonging to 

14 Israel which are left ; and let us send thither and see. So they 
took two horsemen, and the king of Israel sent them after the 

15 king of Syria, saying, Go and see. And they went on after them 
as far as the Jordan. And behold all the way was full of clothes 
and vessels, which the Syrians had thrown away in their pa- 
nick fright. And when the messengers returned and told the 
king, the people went out and plundered the camp of Syria. 

16 So a measure of fine flour was sold for a shekel, and two mea- 
sures of barley for a shekel, according to the word of the Lord. 

17 Now the king had stationed at the gate the nobleman on whose 
hand he had leaned, but the people trode him down so that he 
died, according to the saying of the man of God, who spoke to 

18 him when the messenger came down to him. For when Elisha 
spoke to the king, saying, Two measures of barley for a shekel 
and a measure of fine flour for a shekel, and this shall be about 

19 this time to-morrow in the gate of Samaria ; this nobleman an- 
swered and said to Elisha, Behold should the Lord make flood 
gates in heaven, could this be? Thereupon Elisha said, Behold 
thou shalt see with thy eyes but shalt not eat thereof. And so it 
fell out : For the people trampled him down at the gate, so that 
he died. 

VIII. Elisha having spoken to the woman whose son he 

had restored to life, saying, Arise and go thou and thy family 
and sojourn where thou canst; for the Lord hath called for 

2 a famine against this land, and it is come upon the land for seven 
years ; the woman arose and did according to the word of Eli- 

3 sha, and both she and her family sojourned in the land of the 
Philistines seven years. And at the end of the seven years, the 
woman returned from the land of the Philistines to the citv, 



Ch. VIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

and went to apply to the king about her house and her fields. 

4 Now the king had spoken to Giezi, the servant of Elisha, the 
man of God, saying, Tell me, I pray thee, all the great things 

5 which Elisha hath done. And it happened that as he was re- 
lating how he had brought to life a son that was dead, behold 
the woman whose son Elisha had restored to life, applied to 
the king about her house and her fields. And Giezi said, My 
Lord the king ! This is the woman, and this is her son, whom 

6 Elisha restored to life. Upon which the king inquired of the 
woman, and when she told him, the king appointed for her an 
officer, and said, Restore all that belonged to her, and all the 
produce of the fields from the day she left the land even to 
this day. 

7 When Elisha went to Damascus, Son Ader king of Syria 

8 was sick. And when they told him, saying, The man of God is 
arrived here, the king said to Azael, Take in thy hand an of- 
fering, and go meet the man of God, and inquire of the Lord 

9 by him, saying, Shall I recover of this disease ? So Azael 
went to meet him, and took with him of all the good things of 
Damascus, forty camels' burden. And coming, he stood before 
Elisha, and said to him, Thy son, Son Ader king of Syria, 
hath sent me to thee to inquire, saying, Shall I recover of this dis- 

10 ease of mine ? And Elisha said, Go say, Thou shalt be in vigour 
of life as the Lord hath shewn me, when thou by death shalt 

11 die. Then he stood with his eyes fixed on the countenance 
of Azael, and kept them fixed till he blushed. And the man of 

12 God wept. Whereupon Azael said, Why doth my lord weep? 
To which he replied, Because I know all the evils which thou 
wilt do to the children of Israel. Their fortresses thou wilt de- 
molish with fire ; their chosen men thou wilt slay with the 
sword. Thou wilt dash to pieces their infants, and rip up their 

13 women with child. At this Azael said, Who is thy servant! a 
dead dog ! that I should do such a thing ? And Elisha said, 
To me the Lord hath pointed thee out reigning over Syria. 

14 Then he departed from Elisha, and went to his master, who 
said to him, What did Elisha say to thee? To which he re- 

15 plied, He said thou shalt be in vigour of life. And on the next 
day he took a napkin, and having dipped it in water, he spread 
it over his face, so that he died. And Azael reigned in his stead•» 

VOL. II. 0^ 



Ch. IX. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

16 In the fifth year of Joram, son of Achab, king of Israel, 
while Josaphat reigned over Juda, Joram son of Josaphat be- 

17 gan to reign as king of Juda. He was thirty two years of age 
when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusa- 

18 lem, and walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as the house 
of Achab did, for he had for his wife a daughter of Achab. 

19 But though he did evil in the sight of the Lord, yet the Lord 
would not destroy Juda for David his servant's sake ; as he had 

20 promised to give a lamp to him, and his children forever. In 
his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Juda, and 

21 made a king over themselves. When Joram went up to Sior 
and all his chariots with him, though upon their rising he 
smote Edom, who had surrounded him and the captain of the 

22 chariots, yet the people fled to their habitations, and Edom re- 

23 volted from under the hand of Juda even to this day. At the 
same time Lobna also revolted. Now the rest of the acts of 
Joram and all that he did, behold are they not written in the 

24 book of the journal of the kings of Juda? And when Joram 
slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city 
of David, Ochozias his son reigned in his stead. 

25 In the twelfth year of Joram, son of Achab, king of Israel, 

26 Ochozias son of Joram reigned. He was in his twenty second 
year when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jeru- 
salem, and his mother's name was Gotholia, a grand daughter 

27 of Ambri king of Israel. And he walked in the way of Achab 
and did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, like the house 

28 of Achab. Now he went with Joram son of Achab to battle 
against Azael king of Syria, at Remmath Galaad, and the Sy- 

29 rians smote Joram. And when king Joram returned to Jezrael 
to be cured of the wounds with which the Syrians had smitten 
him, when he fought Azael king of Syria; and Ochozias son 
of Joram went down to see Joram son of Achab at Jezrael, 

IX. because he was sick ; Elisha the prophet called one of the 
sons of the prophets, and said to him, Gird up thy loins and 
take this cruise of oil in thy hand and go to Remmath Galaad. 

2 And when thou art come there, and shalt see Jehu, son of Jo- 
saphat, son of Namessi, thou shalt go in and cause him to rise 
from among his brethren, and having taken him into an inner 

3 chamber, thou shalt take the cruise of oil and pour it on his 



Ch. IX. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

head, and say, Thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee to 
be king over Israel. Then thou shalt open the door and flee, 

4 and shalt not tarry. So the young man, the prophet went to 

5 Remmath Galaad, and when he came, behold the chiefs of the 
army were seated, and he said, I have a message to thee, Ο 

6 chief. Whereupon Jehu said, To which of us all? And he said, 
To thee, the chief. And when he arose and went into the 
house, the prophet poured the oil on his head, and said to 
him, Thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel, I have anointed 

7 thee to be king over the people of the Lord — over Israel. And 
thou shalt utterly destroy the house of thy master Achab, from 
before me, and avenge the blood of my servants the prophets, 

8 and the blood of all the servants of the Lord at the hand of 
Jezabel and at the hand of all the house of Achab. And thou 
shalt cut off from the house of Achab every male, both him 

9 who is attended and him who is neglected in Israel. For I will 
make the house of Achab like the house of Jeroboam son of 

10 Nabat, and like the house of Baasa son of Achia. And the 
dogs shall devour Jezabel in the portion of Jezrael, and there 

1 1 shall be none to bury her. Then he opened the door and fled. 
And when Jehu went out to the servants of his master, they 
said to him, Is all well? Why came this mad man to thee? 

12 And he said to them, You know the man, and his idle dis- 
course. And they said, Thou wrongest us. Pray tell us. Then 
Jehu said, Thus and thus he spoke to me, saying. And when 
he said, Thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee to be king 

13 over Israel, they who heard hasted, and every one taking his 
garment, they spread them under him on the top of the stairs, 

14 and sounding a trumpet, they said, Jehu is king. Thus Jehu 
son of Josaphatthe son ofNamessi conspired against Joram. 

Now Joram and all Israel kept garrison at Remmath Ga» 

15 laad because of Azael king of Syria, but king Joram had re- 
turned to Jezrael to be cured of the wounds which the Syrians 
had given him when he fought Azael king of Syria. Therefore 
Jehu said, If your soul is with me let no deserter escape from 

16 the city to go and tell the news at Jezrael. Then Jehu drew 
out the cavalry and set out on the march and went down to Jez- 
rael, because Joram king of Israel was there under cure, on ac- 
count of the wounds from arrows with which the Aramins shot 



Ch. IX. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

him at Remmath Galaad in the battle with Azael king of Sy- 
ria; for he was a valiant man and a warrior. And Ochozias the 

17 king of Juda had gone down there to see him. And when a 
watchman ascended the tower of Jezrael and saw the dust of 
Jehu as he advanced, he said, I see a dust. Upon which Joram 
said, Take a horseman and send to meet them, and let him 

18 say, Is all well; So the horseman went to meet them. And 
when he said, Thus saith the king, Is all well? Jehu replied, 
What is it to thee? Fall in behind me. Then the watchman 
proclaimed saying, The messenger went up to them, but re- 

19 turneth not. Thereupon the king despatched a second horse- 
man ; and when he came up to him and said, Thus saith the king, 
Is all well? Jehu replied, What is it to thee? Fall in behind me. 

20 And when the watchman proclaimed saying, He went up to 
them but returneth not. And he who is the leader, leadeth on 

21 like Jehu the Namessite, for it is with great speed; Joram said, 
Prepare a chariot. And when the chariot was ready Joram king 
of Israel and Ochozias king of Juda went out each in his own 
chariot, to meet Jehu, and met him at the field of Nabuthi the 

22 Jezraelite. And when Joram saw Jehu he said, Is all well? To 
which Jehu replied, How can it be well, when the fornications 
of Jezabel thy mother and her sorceries are still so many ? 

23 Thereupon Joram turned his hand and fled and said to Ocho- 

24 zias, Treason! Ochozias. Then Jehu grasping the bow shot 
Joram between the shoulders, and the arrow passed through 

25 his heart and he fell on his knees. Then Jehu said to Badekar 
his principal officer, Throw him into that part of the field of 
Nabuthi the Jezraelite. For I remember that when I and thou 
were riding together after Achab his father, the Lord pro- 

26 nounced this prophecy against him, Have I not seen the blood 
of Nabuthi and the blood of his sons yesterday? saith the Lord. 
Therefore I will retribute to him in this very plat of ground, 
saith the Lord. Now therefore take him up I pray thee and cast 
him into that plat of ground according to the word of the Lord. 

27 And when Ochozias king of Juda saw this he fled by the way 
of Baithgan and Jehu pursued after him, for he said, And him 
also ; and smote him in his chariot, as he was going down to 
Gai which is Jeblaam. But he fled to Mageddo and died there. 

28 And his servants took him up in his chariot and brought him 



Ch. Χ. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

to Jerusalem and they buried him in his own sepulchre in the 
29 city of David, he having begun to reign over Juda in the ele- 
venth year of Joram king of Israel. 
SO Now when Jehu came to Jezrael and Jezabel heard, she 
painted her eyes and dressed her head and looked out at a win- 

31 dow. And as Jehu was entering the city she said, Was it well 

32 with Zambri who murdered his master? Whereupon he looked 
up to the window, and when he saw her he said, Who art thou? 
Come down to me. Then two chamberlains looked out at him 

33 and he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down and 
some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall and on the horses ; 

34 for they trampled upon her. And when he had gone in and 
had eaten and drunk he said, Look, I pray you, for that cursed 

35 woman and bury her, for she is a king's daughter. But when 
they went out to bury her and found nothing of her but only 
the scull and the feet and the palms of the hands, they returned 

36 and told him, whereupon he said, This is the word of the Lord 
which he spoke by the ministry of Elias the Thesbite, In the 

37 field of Jezrael the dogs shall devour the flesh of Jezabel; and 
the carcase of Jezabel shall be like dung on the ground in the 
field of Jezrael, that they may not say, Here lieth Jezabel. 

X. Now Achab had seventy sons in Samaria, therefore Jehu 
wrote a letter and sent it to Samaria to the chiefs of Samaria 
and to the elders and to them who had the charge of bringing 

2 up Achab's sons, saying, Soon as this letter shall reach you, as 
you have with you your master's sons and there are with you 

3 chariots and horses and strong cities and arms, look out the 
best and fittest of your master's sons and set him on the throne 

4 of his father and fight for the house of your master. Upon 
which they were greatly terrified and said, Behold the two kings 

5 were not able to stand before him, and how can we ? Therefore 
the officers of the household and the chiefs of the city and the 
elders and they who had the charge of bringing up the chil- 
dren sent to Jehu saying, We are thy servants and will do 
whatever thou shalt order us. We will not make any man 

6 king. We will do what is good in thy eyes. Thereupon Jehu 
wrote them a second letter saying, If you are for me and 
will hearken to my voice, take the heads of the men — the 
sons of your lord and bring them to me about this time to- 



Ch. Χ. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

morrow to Jezrael. Now the king's sons were seventy men 

7 and the nobles of that city brought them up. So when this 
letter reached them, they took the king's sons and slew 
them, the seventy men, and put their heads in baskets, and 

8 sent them to him at Jezrael. And when a messenger came and 
told him saying, They have brought the heads of the king's 
sons ; he said, Pile them up in two heaps at the gate of the 

9 city till the morning. And in the morning he went out, and 
standing up, said to all the people, Ye righteous men ! behold 
I conspired against my master and slew him : but who hath 

10 slain all these ? You see now that there shall not fall to the 
ground any part of the word of the Lord which he spake 
against the house of Achab. For the lord hath executed all 

11 that he spoke by the ministry of his servant Elias. Then Jehu 
slew all that were left of the house of Achab in Jezrael, and 
all his nobles and his acquaintance, and his priests, so that there 

12 was not a remnant of him left. Then he arose and set out on 

13 his march to Samaria; and coming to the shepherd's pit on 
the way, he met the brothers of Ochozias king of Juda, and 
said, Who are ye ? And when they said, We are the brothers 
of Ochozias and are come down to salute the children of the 
king and the children of the queen, he said, Take them alive. 

14 So they slew them at that pit. Of forty two men he did not 

15 leave a man of them. And going thence he met Jonadab son 
of Rechab, coming to meet him. And when he had saluted 
him, Jehu said to him, Is thy heart right with my heart, as my 
heart is with thine ? And when Jonadab said, It is : Jehu said 
to him, Give me thy hand. So he gave him his hand. Then 
he caused him to come up to him into the chariot, and said, 

16 Come with me and see my zeal for the Lord. So he caused 

17 him to take a seat in the chariot. And when he arrived at 
Samaria, he slew all that were left of Achab in Samaria until 
he had utterly destroyed him, according to the word of the 
Lord which he spoke to Elias. 

18 Then Jehu assembled all the people and said to them, 

19 Achab served Baal a little, Jehu will serve him much. Now 
therefore all ye, the prophets of Baal, call before me all his 
servants and his priests. Let not a man be wanting; for I 
have a great sacrifice for Baal. Whoever is missing shall not 



Ch. Χ. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

live. This Jehu did in subtilty, that he might destroy all the 

20 servants of Baal. Then Jehu said, Hallow a solemnity for Baal. 
And when they had proclaimed it, Jehu sent to all Israel, say- 

21 ing, Now let all his servants and all his priests, and all his pro- 
phets attend. Let none be missing. For I am going to make 
a great sacrifice ; whoever is missing shall not live. So all the 
servants of Baal came, with all his priests and all his prophets. 
There was not a man left who did not attend. And when they 
came to the house of Baal the house was filled from door to 

23 door. Jehu said to the keeper of the wardrobe, Bring out vest- 
ments for all the servants of Baal. And when the keeper of 
the wardrobe had brought them out, Jehu went with Jonadab 
son of Rechab into the house of Baal, and said to the servants 
of Baal, Search and see whether there be with you any of the 
servants of the Lord ; for there must be none but only the ser- 

24 vants of Baal. Then he - went in to offer incense and whole 
burnt offerings. Now Jehu had stationed for himself eighty 
men without, and said to them, If any of these men escape 
whom I deliver into your hands, the life of him who letteth 

25 him escape shall answer for his life. So when he had finished 
offering the whole burnt offering, Jehu said to the guards and 
to the officers, Go in and smite them ; let not a man of them 

26 get out. So the guards and the officers smote them with the 
edge of the sword ; and having thrown them out, they went 
to the city of the house of Baal, and brought out the pillar of 

27 Baal and burned it. And having pulled down the pillars of 

28 Baal they made it a jakes even to this day. Thus Jehu dej 

29 stroyed Baal out of Israel. But he did not refrain from follow- 
ing the sins of Jeroboam son of Nabat, who had caused Israel 
to sin. The golden calves continued in Baithel and in Dan. 

30 Though the Lord said to Jehu, Because thou hast taken a plea- 
sure in doing what is right in my sight, and hast done to the 
house of Achab according to all that was in my heart, thy 
children of the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Isra- 

3 1 el ; yet Jehu was not careful to walk in the law of the Lord 
God of Israel with his whole heart. He did not refrain from 
following the sins of Jeroboam who had caused Israel to sin. 

32 In those days the Lord began to lop Israel; and Azael 

33 smote them all along the border of Israel, from the Jordan 



Ch, XI. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

towards the rising of the sun — all the land of Galaad belong- 
ing to the Gadites and the Reubenites and the Manassites from 
Aroer, which is on the bank of the brook Anion, including 

34 Galaad and Basan. Now the rest of the acts of Jehu and all 
that he did and all his power, and the connexions which he 
formed, are they not written in the journal of the kings of Is- 

35 rael? When Jehu slept with his fathers, they buried him in 

36 Samaria, and Joachas his son reigned in his stead. The time 
which Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty eight 
years. 

XI. Now when Gotholia the mother of Ochozias saw that her 

2 son was dead, she destroyed all the royal seed. But Josabee 
king Joram's daughter, the sister of Ochozias, took Joas her 
brother's son — having stolen him from among the king's sons 
who were slain, both him and his nurse, she hid him in the 
chamber of beds from Gotholia, so that he was not put to 

3 death. And he was with her hidden in the house of the Lord 

4 six years, while Gotholia reigned over the land. But in the 
seventh year Jodae sent for the centurions of the Chorrites and 
the Rasimites, and had them brought to him into the house 
of the Lord, and made a covenant of the Lord with them ; and 
having exacted an oath of them he shewed them the king's 

5 son. Then he gave them a charge saying, This is the thing 
which you shall do. Let one third of you come in on the sab- 

6 bath and keep guard, over the king's house at the gate ; another 
third at the gate of the high way, and the other third at the 

7 gate behind the guards. So you will guard the house. And 
two companies among you even all who go out on the sab- 
bath shall keep guard in the house of the Lord before the 

8 king. And you shall encompass the king round about, every 
man with his weapon in his hand. And whoever cometh with- 
in the saderoth, let him be put to death. And they shall be with 

9 the king when he goeth out and when he cometh in. Accord- 
ingly the centurions did all that the prudent Jodae commanded 
them. And they took every man his men, both those who 
came in on duty on the sabbath and those who were to go off 

10 on that day, and went to Jodae the priest. And the priest gave 
the centurions the spears and the shields of king David, which 

11 were in the house of the Lord. And the guards stood every 



Ch. XII. IV. KINGS—II. KINGS. 

man with his weapon in his hand, from the right corner of the 
house to the corner of the house which is on the left of the al- 

12 tar, and of the house near the king round about. Then he sent 
for the king's son and put upon him the nezer and the 
testimony, and announcing him king, anointed him. Upon 
which they clapped with the hand, and said, Long live the 

13 king. When Gotholia heard the noise of the people's guards, 
she came to the people into the house of the Lord and looked. 

14 And behold the king was standing on the pillar as the manner 
was, and the musicians and the trumpeters were before the 
king, and all the people of the land were rejoicing and the 
trumpets sounding. Whereupon Gotholia rent her clothes and 

15 cried with a loud voice, Treason! Treason! Then Jodae the 
priest gave orders to the centurions, the officers of the army, and 
said to them, Lead her out from within the saderoth and let 

16 one go after her and put her to death with the sword. Because 
the priest said, Let her not be killed in the house of the Lord, 
therefore they laid hands on her and went out into the street 
leading from the king's house to the horse gate, and she was 

17 slain there. Then Jodae made a covenant between the Lord 
and the king and the people, that they would be the Lord's 
people. And he made a covenant also between the king and 

18 the people. Then all the people of the land went into the house 
of Baal and tore him down and broke all to pieces, his altars 
and his images, and slew Mathan the priest of Baal before the 
altar. And when the priest had appointed overseers over the 

19 house of the Lord, he took the centurions with the Chorrites 
and the Rasimites and all the people of the land and they con- 
ducted the king out of the house of the Lord into the street 
leading from the king's house to the gate of the guard house, 

20 and set him on the throne of the kings. And all the people of 
the land rejoiced, and the city was at peace after they had slain 
Gotholia at the king's house. 

XII. Joas was seven years old when he began to reign. He 

commenced his reign in the seventh year of Jehu and reigned 

2 forty years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Sabia of 

Bersabee. And Joas did what was right in the sight of the 

Lord, all the time Jodae the priest, instructed htm. But none 

vol. II. R 



Ch. XII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

3 of the high places were removed. There the people still sa- 
crificed and burned incense on the high places. 

4 Though Joas said to the priests, With regard to all the mo- 
ney arising from things consecrated, the income of the house 
of the Lord, the money of estimation at which every man is 
rated, and all the money which it may come into any man's 

5 heart to bring into the house of the Lord, let the priests take 
for themselves ; but they must bear, every one from what he 
selleth, the expence of the repairs of the house wherever a re- 
pair is found necessary ; yet in the three and twentieth year of 

6 king Joas it was found that the priests had not made the repairs 

7 of the house. Wherefore Joas the king sent for Jodae the 
priest and the other priests, and said to them, Why have you 
not made the repairs of the house ? Now therefore you must 
not take the money arising from your sales ; for you shall give 

8 it for repairing the house. So the priests agreed not to receive 
any money from the people, on condition that they should 

9 not bear the expence of the repairs of the house. Then Jodae 
the priest took a chest and bored a hole in the lid of k, and 
placed it before the Ammazeibi in the house of the superin- 
tendant of the house of the Lord ; and the priests who kept 
the weights put therein all the money which was found in the 

10 house of the Lord. And when they saw that there was much 
money in the chest, the king's secretary went with the chief 

11 priest, and tied up and numbered the money found in the 
house of the Lord, and delivered the money when ready into 
the hands of them who did the works, the overseers of the 
house of the Lord ; and they dealt it out to the carpenters and 

12 masons who wrought in the house of the Lord ; and to them 
who built the wall, and to stone cutters, to purchase wood 
and hewn stone sufficient for the repairs of the house; and to 

13 defray all the expences of the house. But there were not to be 
made for the house of the Lord silver doors, nails, gob- 
lets, nor any vessels of gold or silver out of the money brought 

14 into the house of the Lord; for they were to give it to them 
who did the work ; and with it they were to keep in repair the 

15 house of the Lord. Now they did not call the men to account, 
into whose hands they delivered the money to deal it out to the 

16 workmen, for they acted faithfully. The mpney for sin offer- 



Ch. XIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

ings, and the money for trespass offerings which was brought 
into the house of the Lord, was for the priests. 

17 At that time Azael king of Syria went up and fought 

18 against Geth and took it. And when Azael set his face to come 
up against Jerusalem, Joas king of Juda, took all the dedi- 
cated things which Josaphat and Joram and Ochozias, his 
forefathers the kings of Juda had dedicated, together with his 
own dedications, and all the gold which was found in the 
treasures of the house of the Lord, and the king's house, and 
sent them to Azael king of Syria, and he went up from Jeru- 

19 salem. Now all the acts of Joas and all that he did, behold 

20 are they not written in the journal of the king's of Juda? 

When his servants arose and having formed a conspiracy 
smote Joas at the house of Mello which is in Sela, (Now Jezir- 

21 char son of Jemuath and Jezebuth son of Somer his servants 
smote him) so that he died, he was buried with his fathers in 
the city of David, and Amessias his son reigned in his stead. 

XIII. In the twenty third year of Joas son of Ochozias king 
of Juda, Joachaz son of Jehu reigned in Samaria, and reigned 

2 seventeen years. And he did that which was evil in the sight 
of the Lord, and walked after the sins of Jeroboam son of Na- 
bat who had caused Israel to sin, and did not depart from them. 

3 Therefore the Lord was angry with Israel, and delivered them 
into the hand of Azael king of Syria, and into the hands of 

4 Son Ader son of Azael all those days. But Joachaz intreated 
the favour of the Lord, and the Lord hearkened to him ; for he 

5 .saw the affliction of Israel because the king of Syria oppressed 
them, and the Lord gave deliverance to Israel, so that they 
got from under the hand of Syria, and the Israelites dwelt in 

6 their habitations as in former times. Notwithstanding this they 
departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam who had 

7 caused Israel to sin ; but walked therein. And the grove also 
at Samaria still remained, though there had not been left to 
Joachaz any army, but only fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, 
and ten thousand infantry. For the king of Syria, had destroy- 

8 ed them and made them like dust to be trampled on. Now 
the rest of the acts of Joachaz, and all that he did and his ex- 
ploits, are they not written in the journal of the kings of Is- 

9 rael ? And Joachaz slept with his fathers, and they buried 
him in Samaria, and Joas his son reigned in his stead. 



Ch. XIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

10 In the thirty seventh year of Joas, king of Juda, Joas son 

11 of Joachaz king of Israel reigned over Israel in Samaria. His 
reign was sixteen years, and he did that which was evil in the 
sight of the Lord. He did not depart from all the sins of Je- 
roboam, son of Nabat, who had caused Israel to sin, but 

12 walked therein. Now the rest of the acts of Joas and all that 
he did and his exploits with Amessias king of Juda, are they 

13 not written in the journal of the kings of Israel ? When Joas 
slept with his fathers, and Jeroboam sat on his throne, he was 
buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel. 

14 Now when Elisha was sick, with the sickness of which 
he died; Joas king of Israel went down to him, and wept over 

15 him and said, My father ! my father! The chariot of Israel 
and the horseman thereof ! And Elisha said to him, Take a 
bow and arrows. And when he had gotten himself a t bow and 
arrows, Elisha said to the king, Lay thy hand firm on the bow. 

16 And when Joas had laid his hand firm on the bow, Elisha 
put his hand on the king's hand and said, Open that window 

17 to the east. And when he had opened it, Elisha said, Shoot. 
And when he shot Elisha said, The Lord hath an arrow of 
deliverance — 3^es, an arrow of deliverance from Syria, and 

18 thou shalt smite Syria at Aphek to destruction. Then Elisha 
said to him, Take the quiver full of arrows. And when he 
had taken it, he said to the king of Israel, Smite against the 

19 ground. And when the king had smitten thrice, he stopt. At 
which the man of God was grieved and said, Hadst thou smit- 
ten five or six times, then wouldst thou have smitten Syria to 
utter destruction, but now thou shalt smite Syria only thrice. 

20 Now Elisha died, and they buried him. And the year fol- 
lowing the predatory bands of Moab invaded the land. And 
it happened that while they were burying a man, behold they 

21 saw the band ; upon which they threw the man into Elisha's 
tomb, and when he sunk down and touched the bones of Eli- 
sha, he revived and stood on his feet. 

22 Now Azael had oppressed Israel all the days of Joachaz, but 
the Lord pitied them and compassionated them, and looked 
upon them, because of his covenant with Abraham and Isaak 

23 and Jacob : and the Lord would not utterly destroy them 



Ch. XIV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

24 nor did he cast them out of his sight. So when ' Azael king 
of Syria was dead, and Son Ader his son reigned in his stead, 

25 Joas son of Joachaz returned and took out of the hand of Son 
Ader son of Azael, the cities which he had taken in war out 
of the hands of Joachaz, his father. Thrice Joas smote him 
and recovered the cities of Israel. 

XI\ r . In the second year of Joas son of Joachaz king of Is- 

2 rael, Amessias son of Joas king of Juda, began his reign. He 
was twenty five years old, when he began to reign, and he 
reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem, and his mother's 

3 name was Joadim of Jerusalem. And he did that which was 
right in the sight of the Lord, but not like his father David. 

4 According to all that his father Joas had done, he did. But 
he did not remove the high places. Still the people sacrificed 

5 and burned incense on the high places. And when the king- 
dom was confirmed in his hand, he smote his servants who 
had slain his father. But the children of the murderers he did 
not put to death. As it is written in the book of the laws of 

G Moses — as the Lord commanded saying, Fathers shall not 
be put to death for children ; nor shall children be put to 

7 death for fathers ; for every one shall die for his own sins. 

He smote of Edom in Gemeled ten thousand and took 
Petra by war and called its name Jethoel which it now hath. 

8 Then Amessias sent messengers to Joas son of Joachaz son 
of Jehu king of Israel saying, Come, let us look one another 

9 in the face. Whereupon Joas king of Israel, sent to Amessias 
king of Juda, saying, The thistle which is on Libanus sent to 
the cedar on Libanus saying, Give thy daughter to my son 
to wife ; but the wild beasts of the field in traversing Liba- 

10 nus trampled down the thistle. Thou hast smitten Idumea,« 
and thy heart is elated. Enjoy thy glory at home. Why seek- 
est thou a quarrel to thy hurt, that thou shouldst fall and Juda 

11 with thee? But Amessias would not hearken. Therefore Joas 
king of Israel went up. And he and Amessias king of Juda 

12 met each other at Baithsamus in Juda. And Juda gave way 

13 before Israel and fled every man to his tent. And Joas king 
of Israel took Amessias son of Joas son of Ochozias at Baith- 
samus, and came to Jerusalem, and demolished of the wall of 
Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim, to the gate of the corner, 



Ch. XIV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

14 four hundred cubits. And he took the gold and silver and all 
the vessels which were found in the house of the Lord, and 
in the treasuries of the king's house, and hostages for the per- 

15 formance of their agreements, and returned to Samaria. Now 
the rest of the acts of Joas and all the exploits which he per- 
formed in his war with Amessias king of Juda, are they not 

16 written in the journal of the kings of Israel? And Joas slept 
with his fathers and was buried in Samaria with the kings of 
Israel, and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead. 

17 Amessias son of Joas king of Juda, lived after the death of 

18 Joas son of Joachaz king of Israel, fifteen years. Now the rest 
of the acts of Amessias and all that he did, are they not writ- 

19 ten in the journal of the kings of Juda? A conspiracy being 
formed against him in Jerusalem he fled to Lachis, but they 

20 sent after him to Lachis and there put him to death. But they 
brought him on horses and he was buried in Jerusalem with 

21 his fathers in the city of David. Afterwards all the people of 
Juda took Azarias when he was sixteen years old and made 

22 him king in the room of his father Amessias. He rebuilt 
Ailoth and recovered it for Juda after the king slept with his 
fathers. 

23 In the fifteenth year of Amessias son of Joas king of Juda 
Jeroboam son of Joas reigned over Israel in Samaria. His 

24 reign was forty one years. And he did evil in the sight of the 
Lord. He departed not from the sins of Jeroboam son of Na- 

25 bat who had caused Israel to sin. He extended the border of 
Israel from the bay of Aimath to the sea of Araba, according 
to the word of the Lord God of Israel, which he spoke by the 
ministry of his servant Jonas son of Amathi the prophet of 

26 Gethchopher. For the Lord saw that the affliction of Israel was 
very bitter, that they were few in number, closely confined, 
reduced to penury and forsaken ; and that there was no helper 

27 for Israel ; And the Lord had said that he would not blot out 
the seed of Israel from under heaven. Therefore he saved 

28 them by the hand of Jeroboam son of Joas. Now the rest of 
the acts of Jeroboam and all that he did, and his exploits, how 
he warred, and how he recovered Damascus and Aimath which 
belonged to Juda, for Israel; are they not written in the journal 

29 of the kings of Israel? And Jeroboam slept with his fathers— 



Ch. XV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

with the kings of Israel, and Zacharias his son reigned in his 
stead. 
XV. In the twenty seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel, 

2 Azarias son of Amessias king of Juda began to reign. He was 
sixteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty 
two years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was Jechelia 

3 of Jerusalem. He did that which was right in the sight of the 

4 Lord, according to all that his father Amessias had done. But 
the high places he did not remove. Still the people sacrificed 

5 and burned incense on the high places. Though the Lord 
struck the king with a leprosy and he was leprous to the day 
of his death, yet he reigned in the house, Apphusoth ; and Jo- 
atham the king's son was over the household and judged the 

6 people of the land. Now the rest of the acts of Azarias and all 
that he did, are they not written in the journal of the kings of 

7 Juda? And when Azarias slept with his fathers, they buried 
him with his fathers in the city of David, and Joatham his son 
reigned in his stead. 

8 In the thirty eighth year of Azarias king of Juda, Zacharias 
son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in Samaria. His 

9 reign was six months. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord 
as his father had done. He departed not from all the sins of Je- 

10 roboam son of Nabat who caused Israel to sin. And Sellum 
son of Jabis conspired against him, and when they had smitten 
him at Keblaam and put him to death, he reigned in his stead. 

11 Now the rest of the acts of Zacharias, behold they are written 

12 in the journal of the kings of Israel. This was the word of the 
Lord which he spake to Jehu saying, Thy sons in the fourth 
generation shall sit on the throne of Israel ; and so it came to 
pass. 

13 Sellum son of Jabis began to reign in the thirty ninth year 

14 of Azarias king of Juda; and when he had reigned one month 
in Samaria, Manaem son of Gaddi went up from Tharsila and 
came to Samaria and smote Sellum son of Jabis in Samaria and 

15 put him to death. Now the rest of the acts of Sellum and his 
conspiracy, behold they are written in the journal of the kings 

16 of Israel. Then Manaem smote Thersa and all in it, and the 
suburbs adjoining Thersa. Because they opened not to him ? 
therefore he smote it and ripped up the women with child. 



Ch. XV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

17 In the thirty ninth year of Azarias king of Juda, Manaem 
son of Gaddi began to reign over Israel in Samaria. His reign 

18 was ten years. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord. He 
departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam son of Nabat, who 

19 had caused Israel to sin. In his daysPhua king of the Assyri- 
ans, came up against the land. And Manaem gave Phua a 

20 thousand talents of silver that he might aid him. This money 
Manaem levied on Israel, fifty shekels a piece upon every 
mighty man, to be given to the king of the Assyrians. So the 
king of the Assyrians returned and made no establishment in 

21 the land. Now the rest of the acts of Manaem and all that he 
did, behold are they not written in the journal of the kings of 

22 Israel ? And when Manaem slept with his fathers his son Pha- 
kesias reigned in his stead. 

23 In the fiftieth year of Azarias king of Juda, Phakesias son 
of Manaem began to reign over Israel in Samaria. His reign 

24 was two years. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord. He 
departed not from the sins of Jeroboam son of Nabat, who 

25 caused Israel to sin. And Phakee son of Romelias, his chief 
captain, conspired against him. And being assisted by Argob 
and Aria and having with him fifty men of the guard of four 
hundred, he slew him at Samaria before the palace. And when 

26 he had slain him he reigned in his stead. Now the rest of the 
acts of Phakesias and all that he did, behold they are written in 
the journal of the kings of Israel. 

27 In the fifty second year of Azarias king of Juda, Phakee 
son of Romelias began to reign over Israel in Samaria. His reign 

28 was twenty years. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord and 
did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam son of Nabat, who 

29 had caused Israel to sin. In the days of Phakee king of Israel, 
Thalgathphellasar king of the Assyrians came up and took 
Ain and Abel, and Thamacha and Anioch, and Kenez and 
Asor, and Galen and Galilee — all the land of Nephthaleim, and 

30 removed the inhabitants to Assyria. And Osea son of Ela 
formed a conspiracy against Phakee son of Romelias, and 
smote him, and having put him to death reigned in his stead 

31 in the twentieth year of Joatham son of Azarias. Now the rest 
of the acts of Phakee and all that he did, behold thev are writ- 
t£n in the journal of the kings of Israel. 



Ch. XVI. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

32 In the second year of Phakee son of Romelias, king of Is- 
rael, Joatham son of Azarias, king of Juda, began to reign. 

"33 He was twenty five years old when he began to reign, and he 
reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was 

34 Jerusa, a daughter of Sadok. And he did what was right in the 
sight of the Lord, according to all that his father Azarias had 

35 done. But the high places he did not remove. Still the people 
sacrificed and burned incense on the high places. He built the 

36 upper gate of the house of the Lord. Now the rest of the acts 
of Joatham and all that he did, are they not written in the jour- 

37 nal of the kings of Juda? In these days the Lord began to 
send against Juda Raasson king of Syria, and Phakee son of 

38 Romelias. When Joatham slept with his fathers he was buried 
with his fathers in the city of David his father, and Achaz his 
son reigned in his stead. 

XVI. In the seventeenth year of Phakee, son of Romelias, 

2 Achaz son of Joatham king of Juda, began to reign. Achaz 
was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 
sixteen years in Jerusalem, but he did not do what was right 
in the sight of the Lord his God with fidelity like David his fa*• 

3 ther. He indeed walked in the way of the kings of Israel. He 
even made his son pass through fire according to the abomi- 
nable acts of the nations which the Lord had removed from 

4 before the Israelites. He sacrificed also and burned incense 
on the high places, and on the mounts and under every shady 

5 tree. Then came up Raasson, king of Syria, and Phakee son 
of Romelias king of Israel, against Jerusalem for war, and be- 

6 sieged Achaz but could not bring him to battle. At that time 
Raasson, king of Syria, recovered Ailath for Syria ; and when 
he had driven the Jews out of Ailath the Idumeans went to 

7 Ailath, and have dwelt there to this day. Then Achaz sent 
messengers to Thalgathphellasar, king of the Assyrians, 
saying, I am thy servant and thy son. Come up : Save me 
out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand 

8 of the king of Israel, who are risen up against me. And Achaz 
took the silver and the gold which was found in the treasures 
of the house of the Lord and the king's house, and sent gifts 

θ to the king. Whereupon the king of the Assyrians hearkened 
to him and came up against Damascus and took it, and having 

VOL. TT. S 



Ch. XVII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

removed the inhabitants thereof he put king Raasson to death. 

10 Then Achaz went up to Damascus to meet Thalgathphella- 
sar king of the Assyrians, at that place. And having taken a 
view of the altar at Damascus, king Achaz sent a model of 
it with its proportions and workmanship to Ourias the priest. 

11 And Ourias the priest built an altar according to all diat king 

12 Achaz sent from Damascus. And when the king saw the altar 

13 he went up to it and offered thereon his whole burnt offering, 
and his sacrifice and his libation, and sprinkled the blood of 

14 his peace offering upon that altar. As for the brasen altar which 
was before the Lord he brought it forward towards the front of 
the house of the Lord, from between this altar and the house 

15 of the Lord and put it upon the north side of this altar. And 
king Achaz commanded Ourias the priest saying, Offer the 
morning and evening whole burnt offering with its sacrifice, 
and the whole burnt offering of the king with his sacrifice, and 
the whole burnt offering of the whole people with their sacri- 
fice and their libation on this great altar, and pour out on it all 
the blood of the whole burnt offering and all the blood of the 
sacrifice. And the brasen altar shall be for me for the morning. 

16 So Ourias the priest did according to all that king Achaz com- 

17 manded him. And king Achaz cut off the embossments of the 
mechonoths and took away from them the lavers, and took 
down the brasen sea from the oxen of brass that were under 

18 it, and set it on a base of stone. He built also the foundation 
of the seat in the house of the Lord, and altered the way of the 
king's coming into the house of the Lord on account of the 

19 king of the Assyrians. Now the rest of the acts of Achaz and 
all that he did, are they not written in the journal of the kings 

20 of Juda? And when Achaz slept with his fathers he was buried 
in the city of David, and Ezekias his son reigned in his stead. 

XVII. In the twelfth year of Achaz king of Juda, Osea son of 
Ela, began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned nine 

2 years. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, but not like 

3 the kings of Israel who were before him. Against him Salma- 
nassar king of the Assyrians came up. Now Osea was his 

4 vassal and had withheld from him the customary homage gift, 
and the king of the Assyrians had found infidelity in Osea ; 
for he had sent messengers to Segor king of Egypt, and had 



Ch. XVII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

not carried to the king of the Assyrians the customary homage. 
gift that year. Therefore the king of the Assyrians besieged 

5 him and bound him in prison. When the king of Assyria had 
come up through all the land he went to Samaria and besieged 

6 it three years. In the ninth year of Ο sea, the king of Assyria 
took Samaria and transplanted Israel among the Assyrians, and 
caused them to dwell on the Alae and the Abor,rivers of Gosan, 
and on the mountains of the Medes. 

7 Now this came to pass, because the Israelites had sinned 
against the Lord their God, who brought them up out of the 
land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharao king of Egypt ; 

8 and had feared other gods, and walked in the ordinances of 
the nations which the Lord had removed from before the Is- 

9 raelites. Indeed with regard to the acts which the kings of Is- 
rael did and which the Israelites adopted ; were they not in 
direct opposition to the Lord their God? They built for them- 
selves high places in all their cities, from the watch tower to 

10 the fortified city; and erected for themselves pillars and bow- 

1 1 ers on every high hill, and under every shady tree ; and there 

12 burned incense in all the high places, as the nations did which the 
Lord had removed from before them. Nay, they unhallowed 
and marked themselves to provoke the Lord to wrath; and serv- 
ed the idols, concerning which the Lord said to them, You shall 

13 not do such a thing for the Lord. And though the Lord testi- 
fied to Israel and to Juda by the ministry of all his prophets — 
of every seer, saying, Turn from your evil ways and keep my 
commandments and my statutes and all my law which I en- 
joined on your fathers, and which I sent them by the ministry 

14 of my servants the prophets; yet they hearkened not; but 

15 hardened their neck more than their fathers had done — His 
testimonies which he gave them in charge, they did not keep ; 
but walked after vanities and became vain, and followed the 
nations around them in the very things which the Lord com- 

16 manded them not to do. They forsook the commandments of 
the Lord their God, and made for themselves a molten image 
— even two calves. And having made bowers, they worship- 

17 ped the whole host of heaven, and served Baal. They made 
their sons and their daughters to pass through fire, and used 
divination and practised augury. Indeed they sold themselves 



Ch, XVII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

to do evil in the sight of the Lord to provoke him to wrath. 

18 And though the Lord was very angry with Israel, and re- 
moved them from his presence, and there was none left but 

19 only the tribe of Juda, yeteven then Juda did not keep the com- 
mandments of the Lord their God; but walked in the ordinances 

20 which Israel had made, and rejected the Lord. Therefore the 
Lord was angry with the whole race of Israel and shook them 
off, and delivered them into the hands of spoilers who ran- 
sacked them until he cast them out of his sight. 

21 Because Israel, besides revolting from the house of David, 
made Jeroboam son of Nabat king ; therefore Jeroboam drove 
Israel from following the Lord, and caused them to commit a 

22 great sin; and the Israelites proceeded on in the sin of Jerobo- 
am which he had caused them to commit ; and departed not 

23 from it, until the Lord removed them from his presence, as he 
spoke by the ministry of all his servants the prophets. 

Now when Israel was removed from their own land to As- 

24 syria, where they continue to this day ; the king of the Assy- 
rians brought people from Babylon and from Chutha and from 
Aia and from Aimath and Seppharuim, and planted them in 
the cities of Samaria, in stead of the children of Israel. And 
they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in the cities thereof. 

25 But as they did not, at the beginning of their settlement, fear 
the Lord ; therefore the Lord sent lions among them. And 
when they were making havock among them, some spoke to 

26 the king of Assyria saying, The nations which thou hast 
removed and placed in the cities of Samaria do not know the 
ritual of the God of that land; therefore he hath sent lions 
among them, and behold they are killing them, because they 

27 do not know the ritual of the God of that land. Thereupon the 
king of Assyria gave orders, saying, Take some who came 
from that country, and let them go and dwell there, that they 

23 may teach them the rites of the God of that land. So they 
brought one of the priests whom they had transported from 
Samaria, and he settled at Baithel. And while he was instruct- 
ing them how they should fear the Lord, they were making, 

29 every nation, their own gods, which they set up in the house 
of the high places which the Samaritans had erected — every. 

30 nation in the cities where they dwelt. Thus the men of Baby•- 



Ch. XVIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

Ion made Sokchoth-benith ; and the men of Chuth made Er- 
gal; and the men of Aimath made Asimath; and the Evites 

31 made Eblazer and Tharthak; and the Seppharuims made 
Adramelech and Anemelech, because they of Seppharuim 

32 burned their children to these gods. Though they feared the 
Lord, yet they set up their own abominations, in the houses of 
the high places which they had made in Samaria, every nation 

33 in the city where they dwelt. Though they feared the Lord, 
yet they made for themselves priests of the high places, and 
sacrificed for themselves in the house of the high places. They 
both feared the Lord and served their own gods, according to 
the ritual of the nations from which they had been transplant- 

.34 ed. Even to this day they have acted according to this ritual 
of theirs. They fear ; and they do according to their own rites 
and their own institutions, and according to the law and the 
command which the Lord commanded the children of Jacob 

35 to whom he gave the name Israel. Though the Lord had made 
a covenant with them and commanded them, saying, You shall 

,36 not fear other gods nor worship them nor serve them, nor 
sacrifice to them, for these acts you must do to the Lord only, 
who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great pow- 
er and with an outstretched arm — Him you shall fear, and Him 

■G7 you shall worship, and to Him you shall oifer sacrifice — These 
statutes and these judgments and this law and the command- 
ments which he hath written for you to do, you shall keep con- 

38 tinually ; and you shall not fear other gods — and this cove- 

39 nant which he hath made with you, you must not forget. You 
shall not fear other gods ; but fear the Lord your God only, 

40 and he will deliver you from all your enemies ; and you shall 

41 pay no regard to the rites which they practise. Yet these nations 
feared the Lord and at the same time served their graven 
images. And even to this day their children and their chil- 
dren's children do as their fathers did. 

XVIII. Now in the third year of Osea son of Ela king of Israel, 

2 Ezekias son of Achaz king of Juda acted as king. He was 

twenty five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 

twenty nine years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was 

£ Abu, a daughter of Zacharias. He did that which was right in 

the sight of the Lord, according to all that David his father 



Ch. XVIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

4 had done. He removed the high places and broke in pieces the 
pillars and destroyed the bowers and the brasen serpent which 
Moses made. Because in those days the Israelites were burn- 

5 ing incense to it, therefore he called it Neesthan. He trusted 
in the Lord God of Israel, so that there was not after him one 
like him among the kings of Juda, nor among those who were 

6 before him. For he cleaved to the Lord and departed not from 
following him, and kept all his commandments which he had 

7 given in charge to Moses. And the Lord was with him and 

8 assisted him in all that he did. And he revolted from the king 
of Assyria and would not serve him. He smote the Philistines 
even to Gaza and the border thereof, from the watch tower to 
the fenced city. 

9 Now in the fourth year of Ezekias which was the seventh 
year of Osea son of Ela king of Israel, Salamanasser king of 
Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it, and took it 

10 at the end of three years. In the sixth year of Ezekias, which 

11 was the ninth of Osea king of Israel, Samaria was taken. And 
the king of Assyria removed the Samaritans to Assyria, and 
placed them along the Alae and the Abor, a river of Gozan, 

12 and on the mountains of the Medes, because they had not 
hearkened to the voice of the Lord their God, but transgressed 
his covenant — and, with regard to all that Moses the servant 
of the Lord commanded, had neither hearkened to them nor 

13 done them. And in the fourteenth of king Ezekias, Sennache- 
rim the king of the Assyrians came up against the fortified cities 
of Juda, and when he had taken some of them, Ezekias king 

14 of Juda sent messengers to the king of Assyria at Lachis, say- 
ing, I have done wrong. Depart from me. Whatever thou im- 
posest on me I will bear. Thereupon the king of x\ssyria imposed 
on Ezekiasking of Juda, three hundred talents of silver andthir- 

15 ty talents of gold. And Ezekias gave him all the silver which was 
found in the house of the Lord and in the treasury of the king's 

16 house. At that time Ezekias cut up the doors of the temple, 
and the braces which he, Ezekias king of Juda, had overlaid with 

17 gold, and gave them to the king of Assyria. Nevertheless the 
king of Assyria sent Tharthan and Raphis, andRapsakes of La- 
chis, to king Ezekias with a great army against Jerusalem. And 
when they had marched up and arrived at Jcaisalem they halt- 



Ch. XVIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

cd at the conduit of the upper pool, which is by the high way 

18 to the fuller's field, and cried to Ezekias. And there went out 
to him Eliakim son of Chelkias, the steward, and Somnas the 

19 secretary, and Joas son of Saphat, the recorder. And Rapsakes 
said to them, Say, I pray you, to Ezekias, Thus saith the king, 

20 the great king of the Assyrians, Of what avail is that confi- 
dence on which thou hast relied? Thou saidst — but they 

21 were vain words — I have counsel and strength for war. Now 
therefore on whom dost thou rely that thou shouldst rebel 
against me? Perhaps thou leanest on that staff— that broken 
reed — on Egypt; on which if any one lean, it will enter his 

22 hand and pierce it. Such is Pharao king of Egypt to all who 
trust in him. As to thy telling me, We have relied on the Lord 
God; Is not this he, whose high places and whose altars Eze- 
kias hath pulled down, saying to Juda and Jerusalem, You 

23 shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem? Though you were 
now in close connexion with my master the king of Assyria, 
and I were to give thee two thousand horses, couldst thou, I 

24 pray thee, mount for thyself riders on them ? How then canst 
thou turn back the face of a petty governor — one of the lowest 
servants of my lord, relying on Egypt for chariots and horse - 

25 men? And now are we come up without the Lord against this 
place to destroy it? The Lord hath said to me, Go up against 
that land and destroy it. 

26 Then Eliakim son of Chelkias, and Somnas and Joas, said 
to Rapsakes, Speak, we pray thee, to thy servants in Syriac, for 
we understand it. Therefore speak not to us in the Jewish lan- 
guage. Why shouldst thou speak to the ears of the people on 

27 the wall? Thereupon Rapsakes said to them, Did my master 
send me to thy master or to thee, to deliver this message ? 
Was it not to those men who are set on that wall that they 

28 may eat their own ordure and drink their own urine? Then 
Rapsakes stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jewish lan- 
guage and said, Hear the words of the great king of the Assy- 

29 rians. Thus saith the king, Let not Ezekias deceive you; for 

30 he cannot deliver you out of his hand. Neither let Ezekias cause 
you to trust in the Lord, saying, The Lord will deliver us — 
this city shall not be delivered into the hands of the king of 

31 the Assvrians. Hearken not to Ezekias. For thus saith the 



Ch. XIX. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

king of the Assyrians, Make peace with me and come out to 
me. And every one shall drink of his own vine, and every one 
shall eat of his own fig tree, and drink the water of his own cis- 

32 tern ; until I come and take you to a land like your own — a 
land of com and wine, and bread and vineyards — a land of olive 
oil and honey, that you may live and not die. Hearken not to 
Ezekias: for hedeceiveth you, saying, The Lord will deliver 

33 us. Have the gods of the nations delivered their respective 

34 countries out of the hand of the king of the Assyrians ? Where 
is the God of Aimath and Arphad? Where the god of Seppha- 
ruaim, Ana and Aba ? Have they delivered Samaria out of 

35 my hand? Who is there among all the gods of these countries 
who have delivered their countries out of my hand, that the 

36 Lord should deliver Jerusalem out of it? But they held their 
peace and answered him not a word, For this was the king's 
command, Make him no answer. 

37 Then came Eliakim son of Chelkias the steward, and Som- 
nas the secretary, and Joas the son of Saphat the recorder to 
Ezekias, with their clothes rent and told him the words of 

XIX. Rapsakes. And when the king Ezekias heard them he 
rent his clothes and put on sackcloth and went into the house 

2 of the Lord. Then he sent Eliakim the steward, and Somnas 
the secretary, and the elders of the priests clothed with sack- 
cloth to Esaias the prophet the son of Amos, that they should 

3 say to him, Thus saith Ezekias, This is a day of affliction and 
rebuke. This is indeed a day of fierce indignation ; for children 
are come to the birth and there is not strength to bring forth. 

4 Perhaps the Lord thy God will attend to all the words of Rap- 
sakes, whom the Assyrian king his master hath sent to reproach 
the living God and blaspheme, in the words which the Lord 
thy God hath heard. Therefore put up a prayer for the rem- 

5 nant which is left. And when the servants of the king Ezekias 
came to Esaias he said to them, Thus shall you say to your 

6 master, Thus saith the Lord, Be not terrified at the words 
which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the Assyrian 

7 king have blasphemed. Behold I will put such a spirit in him 
and he shall hear such news, that he shall return to his own 
land. And I will destroy him with the sword in his own land. 

8 So Rapsakes returned and found the king warring against Lob- 



Ch. XIX. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

9 na; for he heard that he had removed from Lachis. But when 
he heard it reported of Tharaka king of the Ethiopians, saying, 

10 Behold he is coming to fight thee, he retreated and sent mes- 
sengers to Ezekias saying, Let not thy God on whom thou 
reliest lead thee astray, saying, Jerusalem shall not be delivered 

1 1 into the hand of the king of the Assyrians. Behold thou hast 
heard all that the kings of the Assyrians have done to all the 

12 countries to destroy them utterly ; and shalt thou be delivered? 
Did the gods of the nations, which my father destroyed, deliver 
them, namely Gosan and Charran and Raphis and the children 

13 of Eden who were at Thaesthin? Where is the king of Aimath 
and the king of Arphad? And where is the king of Seppha- 

14 ruaim, Ana and Aba? And when Ezekias received the letter 
from the hand of the messengers and had read it, he went up 

15 to the house of the Lord, and spreading it before the Lord said, 
Ο Lord the God of Israel, who art enthroned on the cherubim, 

16 Thou alone art God in all the kingdoms of the earth. Thou 
hast made the heaven and the earth. Incline, Ο Lord, thine ear 
and hear ! Open, Ο Lord, thine eyes and see and hear the words 
of Sennacherim, which he hath sent to reproach the living God. 

17 Of a truth, Ο Lord, the kings of Assyria have laid waste these 

18 nations and committed to the flames their gods. Because they 
are not gods, but the works of men's hands, wood and stone; 

19 therefore they destroyed them. But now, Ο Lord our God, save 
us out of his hand, and all the kingdoms of the earth will know 

20 that thou the Lord alone art God. Thereupon Esaias son of 
Amos sent to Ezekias saying, Thus saith the Lord the God of 
hosts, the God of Israel, I have heard the prayer which thou 
hast made to me concerning Sennacherim king of Assyria. 

21 This is the word which the Lord hath spoken against him, The 
virgin daughter of Zion hath despised thee and laughed thee to 

22 scorn. At thee the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head. 
Whom hast thou reproached? And whom hast thou blas- 
phemed? And against whom hast thou exalted thy voice and 

23 lifted up thine eyes? Against the Holy One of Israel! By thy 
messengers thou hast reproached the Lord and said, "With the 
multitude of my chariots I will ascend the lofty mountains — the 
sides of Libanus. I have cut down its stately cedars, the choicest 
cypresses thereof, and entered into the midst of the forest of 

VOL. II. τ 



Ch. XX. IV. KINGS— II. KINUS. 

24 Karmel : I have refreshed myself and drunk strange waters, and 
with the soles of my feet dried up all the streams of the siege. ' 

25 It was I who formed it — I who made it close so that it was ef- 
fectual against strong cities, to carry into captivity captive war- 

26 riors. So the inhabitants therein became weak handed — were 
dismayed and confounded — became like the grass of the field 
or the green herb — like grass on the house top and that trodden 

27 under foot. I know indeed thy sitting down and thy going out 

28 and thy wrath against me. Because thy rage is against me and 
thy haughtiness hath come up to my ears, therefore I will put 
my hook in thy nose and my bridle in thy lips, and turn thee 
back the way thou earnest. 

29 Now this shall be the sign to thee, Eat this year what grow- 
eth spontaneously, and the next year what springeth up; but 
in the third year there shall be sowing and reaping and plant- 

30 ing of vineyards, and you shall eat the fruit thereof. And the 
remnant of the house of Juda which are left, shall strike root 

31 downwards and bear fruit upwards. For out of Jerusalem shall 
go forth a remnant, and out of mount Sion he who hath escaped. 

32 The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this. Therefore thus saith 
the Lord respecting the king of Assyria, He shall not come to 
this city ; nor shall he shoot an arrow there. A shield shall not 

33 approach it, nor shall he raise a mount against it. By the way 
he came by the same he shall return ; and to this city he shall 

34 not come, saith the Lord. For I will shield this city for my 
own sake and for the sake of my servant David. 

35 Accordingly in the night an angel of the Lord went forth 
and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and eighty 
five thousand. And when they arose early in the morning, be- 

36 hold all these were dead corpses. Thereupon Sennacherim 
king of the Assyrians struck his tent and began his march and 

37 returned and dwelt in Nineve. And as he was worshipping in 
the house of Meserach his god, Adramelech and Sarasar his 
sons slew him with the sword; and as they escaped to the land 
of Ararath, Asardan his son reigned in his stead. 

XX. In those days Ezekias was sick unto death, and Esaias 
son of Amos the prophet went to him and said to him, Thus 

2 saith the Lord, Give a charge to thy household. Thou art at 

3 the point of death and shalt not live. Upon this Ezekias turned 



Ch. XX. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

his face to the wall, and prayed to the Lord saying, Ο Lord, 
remember I beseech thee, how I have walked before thee in 
truth and with a perfect heart, and have done what is good in thy 

4 sight. And Ezekias wept sore. Now Esaias was in the mid- 

5 die court, and a word of the Lord came to him saying, Return 
and say to Ezekias the leader of my people, Thus saith the 
Lord the God of thy father David, I have heard thy prayer. 

6 I have seen thy tears. Behold I will heal thee. On the third 
day thbu shalt go up to the house of the Lord. And I will 
add to thy days, fifteen years, and deliver thee and this city 
out of the hand of the king of Assyria, and I will defend 
this city, for my own sake, and for the sake of my servant 
David. 

7 And when he said, Let them take a fig cake and lay it 

8 on the boil, and he will recover, Ezekias said to Esaias, What 
is the sign that the Lord will heal me, and that I shall go up 

9 to the house of the Lord on the third day ? To which Esaias 
replied, This is the sign from the Lord, that the Lord will 
perform the word which he hath spoken, The shadow shall 

10 advance ten steps, or go back ten steps. And Ezekias said, 
It is an easy matter for the shadow to decline ten steps. No. 
Let the shadow return upon the steps, ten steps backwards. 

1 1 Then Esaias the prophet cried to the Lord, and the shadow 
returned on the steps, ten steps backward. 

12 On that occasion Marodoch Baladan son of Baladan king 
of Babylon, sent a letter and presents to Ezekias, because he 

13 heard that Ezekias had been sick. At this Ezekias was re- 
joiced, and shewed the messengers all the house of Nechotha; 
the silver and the gold, the spices and the precious oil, and 
the house of the vessels, and all that was in his treasuries. 
There was not a thing in his house, or within his power which 

14 he did not shew them. Whereupon Esaias the prophet went 
to king Ezekias, and said to him, What have these men said, 
and whence are they come to thee ? To which Ezekias re- 
plied, They are come to me from a far distant country — from 

15 Babylon. Then he said, What have they seen in thy house? 
And he said, They have seen all that are in my house. There 
is not a thing in my house, or in my treasuries which I have 

16 not shewn them. Then Esaias said to Ezekias, Hear a word 



Ch. XXL IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

17 of the Lord. Behold the days are coming, when all that are in 
thy house, and all that thy fathers have been treasuring up 

18 even to this day, shall be carried to Babylon. Not a word shall 
fail which the Lord hath spoken. And as for thy sons who 
shall spring from thee, whom thou shalt beget, he will take 
them and they shall be eunuchs in the house of the king of 

19 Babylon. And Ezekias said to Esaias, Good is that word 
which the Lord spoke — There shall be peace in my days. 

20 Now the rest of the acts of Ezekias and all his power and 
all that he did, the pool and the aqueduct to bring water into 
the city, are they not written in the book of the journal of the 
kings of Juda ? And Ezekias slept with his fathers, and 
Manasses his son reigned in his stead. 

XXI. Manasses was twelve years old when he began to reign, 
and he reigned fifty five years in Jerusalem ; and his mother's 

2 name was Apsiba. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, 
according to all the abominable acts of the nations which the 

3 Lord had removed from before Israel. He restored and re- 
built the high places which his father Ezekias had demolish- 
ed ; and erected an altar to Baal ; and made bowers as Achab 
king of Israel had done ; and worshipped the whole host of 

4 heaven and served them. He even built an altar in the house 

5 of the Lord. Though the Lord had said, In Jerusalem I will 
put my name ; yet he built an altar to the whole host of heaven, 

6 in the two courts of the house of the Lord ; and made his 
sons pass through fire, and consulted omens, and auguries, and 
built temples, and multiplied diviners, to do evil in the sight 

7 of the Lord, to provoke him to anger. Nay, he placed the 
graven image of the bower in the very house, concerning 
which the Lord had said to David and to Solomon his son, 
In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of 

8 all the tribes of Israel, I will place my name forever, and I 
will no more remove the foot of Israel, from the land which I 
gave their fathers, provided they will keep all that I have com- 
manded, according to the command which my servant Moses 

commanded them. Now when they kearkened not, and Ma- 
nasses led them astray to do evil in the sight of the Lord, 
more than those nations, which the Lord had destroyed from 



Ch. XXI. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

10 before the Israelites ; then by the ministry of his servants the 

11 prophets, the Lord spoke saying, Because Manasses the king 
of J u da hath committed all these abominations — these evils sur- 
passing all that the Amorites did before him, and hath caused 

12 Juda also to sin by their idols ; therefore thus saith the Lord 
the God of Israel, Behold I will bring evils upon Jerusalem 
and Juda, so that both the ears of every one who heareth them 

13 shall tingle. And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Sa- 
maria, and the plummet of the house of Achab ; and wipe Je- 
rusalem as a vessel of alabaster is wiped and turned on its 

14 mouth. And I will cast off the remnant of my inheritance, and 
deliver them into the hand of their enemies, and they shall 

15 be for a spoil, and for a prey to all their enemies, because they 
have done evil in my sight and gone on provoking me from 
the day I brought them out of Egypt, even to this day. 

16 Moreover Manasses shed innocent blood in great abun- 
dance till he filled Jerusalem, from one end to the other, in 
addition to the sins by which he caused Juda to sin, by doing 

17 evil in the sight of the Lord. Now the rest of the acts of Ma- 
nasses and all that he did, and the sins which he committed 
are they not written in the journal of the kings of Juda ? 

18 When Manasses slept with his fathers, he was buried in the 
garden of his house in the garden of Oza ; and Amos his son 
reigned in his stead. 

19 Amos was twenty two years old, when he began to reign 
and he reigned two years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name 

20 was Mesollam. She was a daughter of Arus of Jeteba. And 
he did evil in the sight of the Lord, as Manasses his father 

21 had done, and walked in all the way in which his father walked 
and served the idols, which his father served and worshipped 

22 them. He forsook the Lord God of his fathers and did not 

23 walk in the way of the Lord, therefore Amos' servants con- 

24 spired against him, and slew the king in his own house. But 
the people of the land, smote all those who conspired against 
king Amos. And the people of the land made his son Josias 

25 king in his stead. Now the rest of the acts of Amos and all 
that he did, behold are they not written in the journal of the 
kings of Juda ? 

26 Now when they had buried him in his sepulchre in the 



Ch. XXII. ΐγ. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

XXII. garden of Oza, Josias his son reigned in his stead. Jo- 
sias was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reign- 
ed thirty one years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was 
Jedia. She was a daughter of Edeia of Basuroth. He did that 
which was right in the sight of the Lord, and walked in all 
the ways of David his father, and turned not aside to the right 

3 nor to the left. Accordingly in the eighteenth year of king Jo- 
sias in the eighth month, the king sent Sapphan son of Ezelias, 
son of Mesollam, the scribe of the house of the Lord, saying, 

4 Go up to Chelkias the high priest and seal the money which is 

5 brought into the house of the Lord — which they who keep the 
weights have received from the people, and let it be delivered 
into the hand of the board of works in the house of the Lord. 

6 And when he had given this to the board of works in the house 
of the Lord to defray the expence of the repairs of the house 
— for the carpenters and the masons, and them who built the 
walls, and to purchase wood and hewn stone to repair the 

7 breaches of the house ; (now they to whom the money was 
given were not to be called to account, for they acted in confi- 

8 dence) Chelkias the high priest said to Sapphan the scribe, I 

9 have found a book of the law in the house of the Lord. So 
Chelkias gave the book to Sapphan ; and when he had read it 
he went to the king in the house of the Lord, and having made 
report to the king, saying, Thy servants have melted the sil- 
ver found in the house of the Lord, and have given it to the 

10 board of works which hath charge of the house ; Sapphan 
the scribe spake to the king, saying, Chelkias the priest hath 

11 given me a book. And Sapphan read it before the king. And 
when the king heard the words of the book of the law he rent 

12 his clothes. Then the king gave orders to Chelkias the priest 
and Achikam son of Sapphan and Achobar son of Michaias, 
and to Sapphan the scribe and Asaias a servant of the king,, 

13 saying, Go and inquire of the Lord concerning me and con- 
cerning all this people and concerning all Juda, and concern- 
ing the words of this book which is found. For great must be 
the wrath of the Lord which is kindled against us; because our 
fathers have not hearkened to the words of this book to do ac- 

14 cording to all that is written for us. Accordingly Chelkias the 
priest went with Achikam and Achobar and Sapphan and 



Ch. XXIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

Asaias to Olda the prophetess the mother of Sellem son of 
Thekuan, son of Arasthe keeper of the wardrobe. Now she 

15 dwelt at Jerusalem in the Masena. And when they had spoken 
to her, she said to them, Thus saith the Lord the God of Is- 

16 rael, Say to the man who hath sent you to me, Thus saith the 
Lord, Behold I am bringing evils on this place and on the in- 
habitants thereof, even all the words of the book which the 

17 king of Juda hath read. Because they have forsaken me and 
burned incense to other gods, that they might provoke me by 
the works of their hands, therefore my wrath shall be kindled 

18 against this place and shall not be quenched. But to the king 
of Juda who hath sent you to inquire of the Lord, thus shall 

19 you say to him, Thus saith the Lord the God of Israel, With 
respect to the words which thou hast heard, because thy heart 
was softened and thou didst humble thyself on the account of 
them soon as thou didst hear what I had spoken against this 
place and the inhabitants thereof — that they should become a 
desolation and a curse ; and didst rend thy clothes and weep 

"20 before me ; for I heard, saith the Lord ; therefore behold I will 
gather thee to thy fathers and thou shalt be gathered to thy 
grave in peace, and thy eyes shall not see all the evils whiclrl 
will bring on this place. 

XXIII. When they brought back this answer to the king, the 
king sent and assembled before him all the elders of Juda and 

2 Jerusalem. And the king went up to the house of the Lord, 
accompanied by all the chiefs of Juda and all the inhabitants of 
Jerusalem, with the priests and the prophets and all the people 

3 small and great. And when he had read in their hearing all the 
words of the book of the covenant, which was found in the 
house of the Lord, the king stood before the pillar and made a 
covenant in the presence of the Lord to follow the Lord — to 
keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes, 
with all his heart and with all his soul — to conform to the terms 

4 of the covenant, the things written in the book. And all the 
people joined in the covenant. Then the king ordered Ghel- 
kias the high priest and the priests of the second order and 
them who had the charge of the weights, to bring out of the 
temple of the Lord all the utensils which were made for Baal 
and far the bower and for all the host of heaven, and he burned 



Ch. XXIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

them without Jerusalem at Sademoth Kedron, and sent the 

5 ashes thereof to Baithel. He burned also the Chomarims, 
whom the kings of Juda had appointed. These were they who 
burned incense on the high places and in the cities of Juda 
and in the places around Jerusalem. He burned them also, 
who offered incense to Baal and to the sun and the moon and 

6 the signs in the zodiack and to all the host of heaven. And 
he brought out the bower out of the house of the Lord with- 
out Jerusalem to the brook Kedron, and having burned it by 
the brook Kedron, he ground it to powder, and strewed the 

7 powder over the graves of the children of the people. He pull- 
ed down also the house of Kadesim in the house of the Lord, 

S where the women wove hangings for the bower. Then he 
brought up all the priests out of the cities of Juda, and defiled 
the high places where the priests burned incense from Gaibal 
to Bersabee. He demolished also the house of the gates which 
was at the door of the gate of Jesus, the governor of the city, on 

9 the left of a man entering at the gate of the city. But the priests 
of the high places did not go up to the altar of the Lord at Je- 
rusalem; for they only eat unleavened bread among their 

10 brethren. He defiled also Tapheth which was set apart in the 
valley of the son of Ennom, for a man to cause his son or 

1 1 his daughter to pass through fire to Moloch. And he burned 
the houses which the kings of Juda had dedicated to the sun 
at the entrance of the house of the Lord, at the treasury office 

12 of Nathan, the king's chamberlain, at Pharurim. He burned 
also with fire the chariot of the sun, and the altars which were 
on the roof of Achaz's chamber, which the king's of Juda had 
erected? and he pulled down the altars which Manasses had 
made in the two courts of the house of the Lord, and having 
dragged them out thence piece meal, he threw the rubbish 

13 of them into the brook Kedron. The king defiled also the 
house which was in front of Jerusalem — that which was on the 
right of mount Mosthath, which Solomon king of Israel had built 
for Astarte, the abomination of the Sidonians, and for Chamos, 
the abomination of Moab, and for Moloch the abomination of 

14 the Ammonites. And when he had broken in pieces the pil- 
.. lars, and utterly destroyed the bowers, and filled their places 

1 5 with human bones, he then tore down also the altar which wa^ 



Ch. XXIII. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

at Baithcl, that high altar which was erected by Jeroboam, son 
of Nabat, who had caused Israel to sin. Even that high altar 
he tore down and broke the stones thereof to pieces and pound- 

16 ed them to dust, and burned the bower. Now when Josias 
turned and saw the graves which were there in the city, he sent 
and took the bones out of the graves and burned them on the 
altar, and polluted it according to the word of the Lord, which 
the man of God spoke when Jeroboam was standing on the al- 
tar at the festival. Then turning he cast his eyes on the tomb 

17 of the man of God who spoke these words, and he said, What 
.monument is that which I see? And when the men of the city 
said, It is the man of God who came from Juda to denounce, 
and who denounced these very things against this altar at 

18 Baithel; he said, Let him alone, Let no man move his bones. 
So his bones escaped with the bones of the prophet, who came 

19 from Samaria. All the houses also of the high places which 
were in the cities of Samaria — which the kings of Israel had 
built to provoke the Lord, Josias removed, and did to them all 

20 that he had done at Baithel. And when he had sacrificed all 
the priests of the high places who were there over the altars, 
and burned the bones of men upon them, he returned to Jeru- 
salem. 

21 Then the king issued orders to all the people, saying, Ce- 
lebrate the passover to the Lord our God, as it is written in 

22 the book of this covenant. For from the days of the Judges 
who judged Israel, there had not been during all the days of 

23 the kings of Israel and the kings of Juda, such a passover as 
this which was kept to the Lord in Jerusalem in the eighteenth 

24 year of Josias. For Josias removed all the devotees and the 
diviners and the theraphins and the idols and all the abomina- 
tions which were in the land of Juda and in Jerusalem, that he 
might conform to the words of the law which were written in 
the book which Chelkias the priest had found in the house of 

25 the Lord. Like him there was no king before him who turned 
to the Lord with all his heart and with all his soul and with all 
his strength, according to all the law of Moses ; nor did there 

26 arise after him any one like him. Nevertheless the Lord turn- 
ed not from the ; fervency of his great wrath with which he was 
incensed against Juda at the provocations with which Manasses 

vol. ii. υ 



Ch. XXIV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

1~ had ρ kedhian, So the I said, I will remove» Juda 
η my presence as I have re» 1 1 wflLcas 

thfe I / se» and this hoi which I 

28 s name shall be there. Ν die rest [the acts of Ιο- 
ί - md all that he did, arc the] the journal 

29 die kings luda? In the se Jays 

of E^ypt «as j ssyria :o the r. 

Euphra:. him. And Xechao 

at Mageddowhea csa ss took him 

up mortally wounded at Maged od brought him to Jeru- 

. and buried him in his own And the pe* 

the land took J . - aim. and 

made him k g ather's sta 

Gl Joach;. a twenty din reign, 

and lie reigned three mor I em, and his mother's 

. as Araital. She was :' lereaai . ibna. 

39 He did :: the s ant of the Lord a. 

33 :; ... that his forefathers had done. So when Pharao Nfc 
ι as at Rablaam in the land of Emath, he removed him from 
reigning in lei .impose. fine on the land a 

hundred tak arts silver and a hundred talents of gold; and 
o4 having Eliakim son of J - g of luda, kmg 

them in the room of his father J osias, Pharao Xccluo changed 
his name to Joakim ; and he took loachai and carried liim to 
55 Egypt, .md he died there. And Joakim gave the silver and the 
gold to Pharao : moreover he assessed the land to give the 
nev at the command of Pharao. Even- man of rank ac- 
cording to his assessment gave with the people of the land sil- 
and gold to be given to Pharao Xechao. 
Joakim was twenty five years old when he began to reign, 
and he reigned elf ..rs in Jerusalem; and his motha - 

name was leldaaii. She as a dai g titer of PhadaU of Ruma. 
3 " And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that 
XXIV. his forefathers had done. In his days Xabuchodono- 
sar king of Babylon came up. . ame his vassal. 

g Γ en he turned and revolted from him, and the 

Lard sent against him predatory bands of the Cha and 

adatorv bands of Syria, and predator}- bonds of and 

the predator)- he let loose to 



Ch. XXIV. IV. KINGS— Π. ΚίΝ'Ο- 

prevail in the land of Juda, according to the «ad of the Lord 
hich he spoke by the wuaaatrj of hi» prophet to add to 

the wrath of the I>ord against Juda, that he might rem' 
them from his presence, for all the sins which Manastes 
had committed, Joakim shed innocent blood, and filled Je- 

4 rusalem with it. Therefore the Lord would not be pacified. 

5 Nov. the rest of the ι d all that he did, behold 
are they not Avritten in the book of die journal of the kings of 

6 Juda? And Joakim slept with his fathers, and Joachim his 

7 son reigned in his stead. And the k: 4 never came 
any more out of his land ; for the king of Babylon took all 
that belonged to the king of Egypt, from the brook of Egypt 
to the river Euphn" 

Β m was eighteen wl when he began to re 

and he reigned three months in Jerusalem, and his moth 
name was Nestha. She was a daughter of Ellanastham of Je- 
9 rusalem. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, according 
10 to all that his father had done. At that time Nabucbodoaosar 
king of Babylon, came up to Jeru- the city was be- 

ll sieged. Now when Nabuchodonosar came to the city, and his 
servants 1: to h. Joachim king of Juda, went out to 

12 the kini? of Babylon, he and his sen-ants and his mother and 
his chiefs and his officers; and the king of Babylon in the 
ih year of his reign, took him, and carried out thence all 
the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the 
king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which 
1 iomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord, 

14 according to the word of the Lord. And he carried away cap- 
tive from Jerusalem all the chiefs and might}- men of valour, 
ten thousand captives, with all the carpenters and mechanics, 

15 so that there were none left but the poor of the land. \Vhen he 
carried away Joachim to Babylon, he carried away also out of 
Jerusalem in captivity to Babylon, the king's mother and the 
king's wives, and his officers, and the might}- men of the coun- 

1G try, and ail the men of the army, amounting to seven thou- 
sand, and the carpenters and mechanics amounting to a thou- 
sand. All these were valiant men fit for war. These the kin? of 

17 Babylon carried away captives to Babylon. And the king of 
Babylon made Batthainas kim: ■ hi^ stead, and called his 
nan. S 



Ch. XXV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

Sedekias was twenty one years old when he began to reign 
and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem ; and his mother's 

19 name was Amital. She was a daughter of Jeremias. And he 
did evil in the sight of the Lord according to all that Joachim 

20 had done. Because the anger of the Lord was against Jerusa- 
lem and Juda until he cast them out from his presence ; there- 
fore when Sedekias rebelled against the king of Babylon, 

XXV. Nabuchodonosar the king of Babylon came up with 
his whole army against Jerusalem, in the ninth year of his 
reign, in the tenth month, and encamped against it and built a 
circumvallation against it, and the city was besieged until the 

2 eleventh year of king Sedekias. On the ninth of that month 

3 when the famine prevailed in the city so that there was not 
bread for the people of the land, a breach was made into the 

4 city ; and all the men of the army went out by night by the 
way of the gate between the walls, namely the gate of the 
king's garden, while the Chaldeans besieged the city round 

5 about. And the king took the way to Araba. But the army of 
the Chaldeans pursued him and overtook him at Araboth of 

6 Jericho. When all his army was dispersed from about him, 
they took the king and brought him to the king of Babylon at 

7 Reblatha, and he pronounced sentence against him. And when 
he had slain his sons before his eyes, he put out the eyes of Se- 
dekias and bound him with chains, and carried him to Baby- 

8 Ion. And in the fifth month, on the seventh of the month, in 
the nineteenth year of Nabuchodonosar king of Babylon, Na- 
buzardan the marshal who attended the king of Babylon, came 

9 up to Jerusalem and burned the house of the Lord and the 
king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem. And while the 

10 marshal was burning all the houses, the army of the Chaldeans 

11 broke down the walls of Jerusalem round about. Then Nabu- 
zardan the marshal, carried away the residue of the people 
who had been left in the city, and the deserters who had de- 
serted to the king of Babylon, and what remained of the army. 

12 But he left some of the poor of the land for vine dressers and 

13 husbandmen. The pillars of brass in the house of the Lord 
and the mechonoths, and the brasen sea in the house of the 
Lord, the Chaldeans broke to pieces and carried the brass 

14 thereof to Babylon. And the marshal took the kettles and the 



Ch. XXV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

15 goblets, and the dishes and the censers, and all the utensils of 
brass with which the priests ministered, together with the fire 

16 pans and the cups of gold and silver. Now with regard to the 
two pillars and the sea, and the mechonoths which Solomon 
made for the house of the Lord, there was no weighing the 

17 brass of all these utensils. The height of one pillar was eigh- 
teen cubits. And there was upon it a chapiter of brass, the 
height of the chapiter being three cubits, with a net work and 

18 pomegranates on the chapiter round about, all of brass. And 
such was the second pillar with its net work. And the marshal 
took Saraias the first priest, and Sophonias the priest of the 

19 second order and the three keepers of the weights ; and out 
of the city he took one oificer, who was chief commander of the 
warriors, and five principal men of them who attended in the 
king's presence, who were found in the city, and the secretary 
of the general of the army — him who mustered the people of 
the land ; and sixty chief men of the people of the country 

20 who were found in the city. These Nabuzardan the marshal 
took and carried them to the king of Babylon to Reblatha, and 

21 the king of Babylon smote them and put them to death at 
Reblatha in the land of Aimath. 

22 Thus was Jnda carried from this land. And as for the peo- 
ple who were left in the land of Juda — whom Nabuchodonosar 
king of Babylon had left; over them he set Godolias son of 

23 Achikam son of Sapphon. And when all the chiefs of the army, 
they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had ap- 
pointed Godolias, they came to him at Massephath, namely, 
Ismael son of Nathanias, and Jona son of Kareth, and Saraias 
son of Thanamath, the Netophathite, and Jezonias son of Macha- 

24 thi, they and their men. And Godolias swore to them and their 
men, and said to them, Be not afraid of the coming of the Chal- 
deans. Dwell in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it 

25 will be well with you. Nevertheless in the seventh month Is- 
mael son of Nathanias, son of Elisama of the royal family, 
came accompanied with ten chiefs, and smote Godolias and 
killed him and the Jews and the Chaldeans who were with him 

2G at Massepha. Whereupon all the people small and great, with 
the chiefs of the army arose and went to Egypt ; for they were 
afraid of the Chaldeans. 



Ch. XXV. IV. KINGS— II. KINGS. 

27 In the thirty seventh year of the captivity of Joachim king 
of Juda, in the twelfth month and twentieth day of the month, 
Evial Marodek king of Babylon, in, the first year of his reign 
raised up the head of Joachim king of Juda. And having taken 

28 him out of prison he spoke kindly to him, and set his seat 
above the seats of the kings who were with him in Babylon. 

29 And having changed his prison garments he eat bread conti- 
nually before him all the days of his life. And his allowance, 
a continual allowance, was duly sent to him every day all the 
days of his life. 

I. CHRONICLES, OR PARALIPOMENON. 

I. Adam, Seth, Enos and Kainan, Maleleel, Jared, Enoch, 

4 Mathusala, Lamech, Noe. The sons of Noe, Sem, Cham, 
Japheth. 

5 The sons of Japheth Gamer, Magog, Madaim, Jovan, 
Elisa, Thobel, Mosoch and Thiras. 

6 And the sons of Gamer, Aschanaz and Riphath and Thor- 
gama. And the sons of Jovan, Elisa and Tharsis, the Kitians 
and the Rhodians. 

8 And the sons of Cham, Chus and Mesraim, Phud and 
Chanaan. And the sons of Chus ; Saba and Evila and Saba- 
tha and Regma and Sebethacha : and the sons of Regma, 
Saba and Dadan. Chus also begot Nebrod, who began to be 
a giant hunter on the earth. 

17 The sons of Sem, Ailam and Assur and Arphaxad, Sala, 
Eber, Phaleg, Ragan, Seruch, Nachor, Tharra, Abraham. 

28 And the sons of Abraham ; Isaak and Ismael. And these 
are their genealogies. Ismael the first born : Nabaioth and 
Kedar, Nabdeel, Massam, Masma, Iduma, Masse, Chondan, 
Thaiman, Jettur, Naphes, Kedma. These were the sons of 
Ismael. 

32 With regard to the children of Chettura the concubine 
of Abraham ; she bore to him, Zembram, Jexan, Madiam, 
Madam, Sobak, Soe. And the children of Jexan were Dai- 
dan and Sabai. And the children of Madiam were Gopher 
and Opher and Enoch and Abida and Eldada. All these were 
children of Chettura. 



Ch. II. I. CHRONICLES. 

34 Moreover Abraham begot Isaak. And the sons of Isaak 

35 were Jacob and Esau. And the sons of Esau were, Eliphaz 
and Raguel and Jeul and Jeglom and Kore. And the sons of 
Eliphaz were Thaiman and Omar, Sophar and Gotham and 

38 Kenez and Thamna and Amelek. And the sons of Raguel, 
were Naches, Zare, Some and Mose. The sons of Seir, Lo- 

39 tan, Sobal, Sebegon, Ana, Deson, Osar and Dison. And the 
sons of Lotan were Chorri and Aiman and the sister of Lo- 

40 tan, Thamna. The sons of Sobal were Alon, Machanath, 

41 Taibel, Sophi and Onan. And the sons of Sebegon were Aith 
and Sonan ; the sons of Sonan, Daison ; and the sons of Dai- 

42 son, Emeron and Asebon and Jethram and Charran. And 

43 the sons of Osar, were Balaam and Zukam and Akan. The 
sons of Disan were Os and Aran. Now these were their kings : 
Balak son of Beor, the name of whose city was Dennaba. 

44 And when Balak died Jobab, son of Zara of Bosorra, reigned 

45 in his stead. And when Jobab died, Asom of the land of the 

46 Thaimanites reigned in his stead. And when Asom died, 
Adad son of Barad who smote Madiam in the plain of Moab 
reigned in his stead ; and the name of his city was Gethaim. 

47 And when Adad died, Scbla of Masekka reigned in his stead. 

48 And when Sebla died, Saul of Roboth which is by the river, 

49 reigned in his stead. And when Saul died, Balaennor son of 

50 Achobar, reigned in his stead. And when Balaennor died, 
Adad son of Barad reigned in his stead ; and the name of his 

51 city was Phogor. The emirs of Edom were, emir Thamna, 
emir Golada, emir Jether, emir Elibamas, emir Elas, emir 
Phinon, emir Kenez, emir Thaiman, emir Babsar, emir Ma- 
gediel, emir Zaphoin. These were the emirs of Edom. 

II. These are the names of the sons Israel, Reuben, Symeon, 
Levi, Juda, Issachar, Zabulon, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Neph- 

2 thaleim, Gad, Aser. 

3 The sons of Juda. Er, Aunan, Setom. These three he 
had by a daughter of Sava, the Chananite. Now Er the first 
born of Juda was wicked in the sight of the Lord, and he slew 

4 him. Then Thamar his daughter in law bore to him Phares 

5 and Zara. All the sons of Juda were five. The sons of Pha- 
G res, were Esrom and Jemuel. And the sons of Zara were 

• Zambri and Aitham and Amuan and Ghalchal and Darad, 



Ch. II. I. CHRONICLES. 

7 five in all. And the sons of Charmi, Achat the troubler of 

8 Israel, who transgressed so as to be anathematised. And the 

9 sons of Aitham, Azarias. And the sons of Esrom who were 

10 born to him were Jerameel and Aram and Chaleb. And x\ram 

11 begot Aminadab, and Aminadab begot Naasson, the chief 

12 of the house of Juda ; and Naasson begot Salmon and Sal- 

13 m on begot Boa ζ ; and Boaz begot Obed; and Obed begot 

14 Jessai, and Jessai begot Eliab his first born. Aminadab was 

15 his second son; Samaa his third ; Nathanial his fourth; Zeb- 

16 dai his fifth; Asam his sixth ; David his seventh. And their 
sisters were Saruia and Abigaia. And the sons of Saruia were 

17 Abisa and Joab and Asael, three. And Abigaia was the mo- 
ther of Amessai; and the father of Amessai was Jothor, the 
Ismaelite. 

18 And Chaleb son of Esrom took to wife Gazuba, in addition 

19 to Jerioth, and these were her children, Jasar and Subab and 

20 Ardon. And when Gazuba died Chaleb took to him Ephrath, 
who bore to him Or ; and Or begot Ouri ; and Ouri begot 

21 Beseleel. And after that Esronwent in to the daughter of Machir 

22 the father of Galaad and took her when he was sixty five years 
of age ; and she bore to him Seruch. And Seruch begot Jair. 

23 He had twenty three cities in the land of Galaad, and he took 
Gedsour and Aram, the villages of Jair which belonged to 
them, Kanath and the villages thereof, sixty cities. All these 
belonged to the children of Machir, the father of Galaad. 

24 And after Esron died Chaleb went to Ephratha, and Esron's 

25 wife Abia bore to him Escho, the father of Thekoe. Now 
these were the sons of Jerameel, the first born of Esron, Ram 
his first born, and Baana and Aram, and Asan his brother. 

26 And Jerameel had another wife whose name was Atara. She 

27 was the mother of Ozom. And the sons of Ram, the first born 

28 of Jerameel were Maas and Jamin and Akor. And the sons 

29 of Ozom were Samai and Jadae. And the sons of Samai, Na- 
dab and Abisur ; and the name of Abisur's wife was Abichaia 

30 and she bore to him Achabar and Moel. And the sons of Na- 
dab were Salad and Apphain ; and Salad died without issue. 

31 And the sons of Apphain were Isemiel ; and the sons of Ise- 

32 miel, Sosan; and the sons of Sosan, Dadai; and the sons of 
Dadai, Achisamas, Jether, Jonathan ; and Jether died without 



Ch. III. I. CHRONICLES. 

33 issue. And the sons of Jonathan were Phaleth and Osani. 

34 These were the Jerameelites. Now Sosan had no sons, but 
daughters only. And Sosan had an Egyptian servant whose 

35 name was Jochal. To this Egyptian servant, Sosan gave his 

36 daughter for a wife and she bore to him Ethi. And Ethi 

37 begot Nathan ; and Nathan begot Zabed; and Zabed begot 

38 Aphamel; and Aphamel begot Obed ; and Obed begot Jehu ; 

39 and Jehu begot Azarias ; and Azarias begot Chelles ; and 

40 Chelles begot Eleasa; and Eleasa begot Sosomai ; and Soso- 

41 mai begot Salum ; and Salum begot Jechemias ; and Jechemias 
begot Elisama; and Elisama begot Ismael. 

42 And the sons of Chaleb the brother of Jeremeel were Ma- 
risa his first born who was the father of Ziph. And the chil- 

43 dren of father Marisa were Chebron. And the sons of Chebron 
were Kore and Thapphus and Rekom and Samaa. And Sa- 

44 maa begot Raem the father of Jeklan ; and Jeklan begot Sa- 

45 mai : And Maon was his son ; and Maon was the father of 

46 Baithsur. Moreover Gaipha the concubine of Chaleb bore 

47 Aram and Mosa and Gesue, from whom descended the sons of 
Addai, Ragem and Jotham and Sogar and Phalek and Gaipha 

48 and Sagae. And Mocha another concubine of Chaleb bore 

49 Saber and Tharam. She bore also Sagae the father of Mad- 
mena, and Saou the father of Machabena and the father of Gai- 

50 bel. And Chaleb's daughter was Ascha. These were children 
of Chaleb — the children of Or his first born by Ephratha, So- 

51 bal the father of Kariathiarim, Solomon the father of Baitha, 
Lammon the father of Baithalaem, and Arim the father of Beth- 

52 gedor. And Sobal the father of Kariathiarim had other sons 

53 namely Araa and Aisi and Ammanith and Oumasphae, Pole- 
isjair, Aithalim, Miphithim and Hesamathim and Hemasaraim, 
from whom branched out the Sarathaites and the Esthamites. 

54 And the children of Solomon were Bethalaim the Netophatite, 

55 Ataroth of the house of Joab and the half of the Malathites, the 
Esarites the families of the scribes who dwelt at Jabis ; the 
Thargathites and Samathites and Sochathites. These compre- 
hended under the name of Kinites were descended from Ai- 
math the father of the house of Rechab. 

III. Now these are the sons of David who were born to him 
at Chebron, Amnon his first bom by Achinaam the Jezraelitess; 

VOL. II. χ 



Ch. IV. I. CHRONICLES. 

2 Damniel his second son by Abigaia the Karmelitess ; Abessa- 
lom his third by Macha a daughter of Tholmai king of Ged- 

3 sur; Adonia his fourth by Aggith; his fifth, Saphatia the son 

4 of Abital ; his sixth, Jethraam by his wife Agla. These six 
sons were born to him in Chebron; for he reigned there seven 
years and six months. And in Jerusalem he reigned thirty three 

5 years. Now these were the sons born to him in Jerusalem, Sa- 
maa, Sobab, Nathan and Solomon. (These four were by Bersa- 

6 bee the daughter of Amiel,) and Ebaar and Elisa and Elipha- 

7 leth and Nagai and Naphek and Japhie and Elisama and Eli- 

8 ada and Eliphala, nine. All sons of David besides the sons of 

9 the concubines and Themar their sister. The sons of Solomon, 
10 Roboam; Abia his son, Asa his son, Josaphat his son, Joram 

his son, Ochosias his son, Joas his son, Amasias his son, Aza- 
12 riashisson; Joatham his son; Achazhisson; Ezekias his son; 

14 Manasses his son; Amon his son; Josias his son; and the sons 

15 of Josias were Joanan his first born, his second Joakim, his 

16 third Sedekias, his fourth Salum; and the sons of Joakim were 

17 Jechonias his sou, Sedekias his son, and the sons of Jechonias 

18 were Asir, Salathiel his son; Melchiram and Phadaias and 
Sanesar and Jekemia and Osamath and Nabadias: and the 
sons of Phadaias were Zorobabel and Semei. And the sons of 
Zorobabel were Mesollam and Anania and Salomethi their sis- 

20 ter ; and Asube and Ool and Barachia and Asadia and Aso- 

21 bed, five. And the sons of Anania were Phalettia and Jesias 

22 his son ; Raphal his son ; Orna his son ; Abdia his son ; Seche- 
nias his son ; and the son of Sechenias was Samaia ; and the 
sons of Samaia, Chattus and Joel and Berri and Noadia and 

23 Saphath, six. And the sons of Noadia were Elithenan and 

24 Ezekias and Ezrikam, three. And the sons of Elithenan were 
Odolia and Eliasebon and Phadaia and Akub and Joanan and 
Dalaaia and Anan, seven. 

IV. Now the sons of Juda were Phares and Esrom, Charmi 

2 and Or, Soubal and Rada his son. And Soubal begot Jeth ; 

3 and Jeth begot Achimas and Laad. These are the families of 
the Arathites. And these are the sons of Aitam — Jezrael and 
Jesman and Jebdas, and the name of their sister was Eseleb- 

4 bon ; and Phanuel the father of Geddor ; and Jaser the father 
of Osan. These were the sons of Or who was the first born of 



Ch. IV. I. CHRONICLES. 

5 Ephratha and the father of Baithalaem. Asm- also the father of 

6 Thekoe had two wives Aoda and Thoada ; and Aoda bore to 

7 him Oehaia and Ephal and Thaiman and Aasther. All these 
were the children of Aoda. And the children of Thoada were 

8 Sereth and Saar and Esthanam. And Koe begot Enob and Sa~ 
batha. And these are the families of brother Rechab son of 

9 Jarin. Igabes indeed was the most honourable of his brethren. 
Now his mother had called his name Igabes, saying, I have 

10 brought him forth Osgabes [with sorrow.] And Igabes called 
on the God of Israel, and said, If thou wilt bless me with bless- 
ings and enlarge my borders, let thy hand be with me, and 
give me knowledge that I may not debase myself. Accord- 

] 1 ingly God gave him all that he asked. And Chalcb the father 
of Ascha begot Machir. He was the father of Assathon and 

12 besot Bethraian and Bessea and Thaiman the father of Polcos- 

13 naas the brother of Eselom the Kenezite. These were men 
of Rechab. And the sons of Kenez were Gothoniel and Sa- 

14 raia. And the sons of Gothoniel, Athath. And Manathi begot 
Gophera. And Saraia begot Jobab the father of the Agead- 

15 dairites, for they were carpenters. And the sons of Chaleb son 

16 of Jephonne were, Er, Ada and Noom. And the sons of Ada, 
Kenez, and the sons of Aleel, Zib and Zepha and Thiria and 

17 Eserel. And the sons of Esri, Jether, Morad and Apher and 
Jamon. And Jether begot Maron and Semei and Jesba the 

18 father of Esthaimon. And his wife Adia bore Jared the father 

19 of Gedor and Aber the father of Sochon and Chetiel the father 
of Zamon. And these were the sons of Betthia a daughter of 

ο 

Pharao whom Morad took, and the sons of his wife Iduia the 
sister of Nachaim the father of Keila, Garmi and Esthaimon, 

20 Nochathi. And the sons of Semon were Amnon and Ana, son 
Phana and Inon. And the sons of Sei were Zoan and the Zoa- 
bites. 

21 The sons of Selom son of Juda were Er, the father of 
Lechab, and Laada father of Marisa. And the genealogies of 

22 the subordinate families of Ephrathabak, belonged to the 
house of Esoba, namely Joakim and the men of Chozeba, and 

23 Joas and Saraph who dwelt in Moab. Now Abederim Athu- 
kiim led them away. These were potters who dwelt at Ataim 
andGadira with the king, and having risen to eminence in his 
reign they settled there. 



Ch. V. I. CHRONICLES. 

24 The sons of Symeon were Namuel and Jamin, Jarib, Zares, 
Saul, Salem his son; Mabasam his son ; Masma his son; Amu- 

27 el his son; Zakehur his son; Semei his son. Semei had six- 
teen sons and six daughters ; but their brethren had not many 
children ; nor did all their families abound like the children of 

28 Juda. Now they dwelt in Bersabee and Molada, and in Eser- 
saul and in Balaa, and in Aisem and in Tholad, and in Bathuel 
and in Erma, and in Sikelag, and in Baithmarimoth and He- 
misuseosin, and the house of Baruseorim. These were their 

32 cities till the reign of king David. And the folds for their cat- 
tle were Aitan and En, Remnon and Thokka, and Aisar, five 
cities with all their folding places around these cities even to 

33 Baal. This was their possession and this their distribution 

34 into communities, including Mosabab and Jemoloch, and Josia 

35 son of Amassia, and Joel and Jehu, son Asabia, son Saran, son 

36 Asicl; and Elionai and Jokaba, and Jasuiaand Asaia, and Je- 

37 diel and Ismael, and Banaias and Zuza son of Saphai, son of 

38 Alon, son of Jedia, son of Semri, son of Samaias. These were 
they who having branched out under the names of chiefs in 
their families and in their patriarchal houses, were increased 

39 to a multitude and spread themselves in search of pastures for 

40 their cattle, till they came to Gerara to the east of Gai, where 
they found pastures, extensive and good, for the land before 

41 them was spacious and there was peace and tranquillity. Be- 
cause they who dwelt there before them were of the children 
of Cham, therefore those above mentioned came in the days 
of Ezekias king of Juda, and smote their families, even the 
Minaians whom they found there, and utterly destroyed them 
even to this day, and dwelt in their stead, because there were 

42 pastures there for their cattle. And from among these five hun- 
dred of the Symeonites with Phalaettia and Noadia, and Ra- 

43 phaia and Oziel sons of Jessi, their chiefs, went to Mount Seir 
and smote the remains of Amelek who had been left even to 
this time. 

V. And the sons of Reuben the first born of Israel — for he 

was the first born, but when he went up to his father's bed, 

his father gave his birth right to his son Joseph as the son of 

Israel : yet in the genealogy he did not attain the right of primo- 

2 geniture ; for Juda being mighty in power prevailed over his 



Ch. V. I. CHRONICLES. 

brethren to have the Ruler appointed out of him, though the 

3 blessing was Joseph's. Now the sons of Reuben, the first born 

4 of Israel, were Enoeh and Phallus, Asrom and Charmi. The 
sons of Joel, Semei and Bania, his son. And the sons of Goug 
son of Semei, Micha his son ; Recha his son; Joel his son; 

7 Beel his son, whom Thalgathphallasar, king of Assyria, carried 
away captive. He was the chief of the Reubenites. And his 
brethren in his patriarchal family in their classes according to 

8 their genealogies, were the chief Joel and Zacharias, and Balek, 
Son Azouz, Son Sama, Son Joel. Now the Reubenites dwelt at 

9 Aroer, and at Nabau and Beelmasson, and eastward to the 
edge of the wilderness which bordereth on the river Euphrates ; 

10 for they had many cattle in the land of Galaad. And in the 
days of Saul they made war on their neighbours; and all those 
who dwelt in tents on the east of Galaad fell by their hands. 

11 The children of Gad dwelt along side of them in the land 

12 of Basan, even to Sela — Joel was the first born and Sapham 

13 the second, and Janin the muster master in Basan. And their 
brethren according to the houses of their patriarchal families 
were, Michael, Mosollam and Sebe, and Joree and Joachan, 

14 and Zue and Obed, seven. These were the sons of Abichaia 
son of Ouri, son of Idai, son of Galaad, son of Michael, son of 
Jesai, son of Jeddai, son of Buz, brother's son of Abdiel, son 

15 of Gouni. He was the chief of the patriarchal house. They 

16 dwelt in Galaad, in Basan and in their towns, and occupied all 

17 the borders of Saron to the outlet. Of all these an account was 
taken in the days of Joatham king of Juda, and in the days of 

18 Jeroboam king of Israel. The Reubenites and the Gadites, and 
the half of the tribe of Manasses who were fit for war, men 
wielding shields and swords and bending the bow and disci- 

19 plined for battle, were forty four thousand seven hundred and 
sixty who marched out in array. When they were at war with 

20 the Agarenians and the Itureans, and the Naphaisaians and the 
Nadabcans, they prevailed over them. And the Agarenians 
with all their tents, were delivered into their hands. For in the 
battle they cried to God and he hearkened to them, because 

21 they trusted in him. So they took all their substance, five thou- 
sand camels, two hundred and fifty thousand sheep, two thou- 
sand asses, and a hundred thousand prisoners, and many were 



Ch. VI. I. CHRONICLES. 

22 slain ; for the battle was from God. And they dwelt in their 
stead till the captivity. 

23 Now the half of the tribe of Manasses inhabited, from Ba- 
san to Baal, Ermon and Sanir and Mount Aermon. And on 

24 Libanus they were very numerous. And these were the lead- 
ers of the house of their families, Opher and Sei, and Eliel 
and Jeremia, and Oduia and Jediel, men mighty in power, 

25 men of renown, chiefs of the houses of their families. But 
when they revolted from the God of their fathers and went a 
whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God 

26 had removed from before them, the God of Israel stirred up 
the spirit of Phaloch king of Assur, and the spirit of Thagla- 
phalassar king of Assur, and he removed Reuben and Gad, 
and the half of the tribe of Manasses, and carried them to 
Chaach and Chabor, and to the river of Gozan, where they 
are to this day. 

VI. The sons of Levi were Gerson, Kaath and Merari. And 
the sons of Kaath, Ambram and Issaar, Chebron and Oziel. 
And the children of Ambram were Aaron and Moses and 
Mariam. And the sons of Aaron, Nadab and Abiud, Eleazar 
4 and Ithamar. Eleazar begot Phineas; and Phineas begot 
Abisu; Abisu begot Bokki, and Bokki begot Ozi; Ozi begot 
Zaraia ; and Zaraia begot Mariel ; Mariel begot Amaria ; and 
Amaria begot Achitob ; Achitob begot Sadok ; and Sadok 
begot Achimaas; Achimaas begot Azarias; and Azarias be- 
got Joanan; Joanan begot Azarias who officiated as priest in 

II the house which Solomon built in Jerusalem. And Azarias be- 
got Amaria, and Amaria begot Achitob ; and Achitob begot 
Sadok ; and Sadok begot Achimaas ; and Achimaas begot 
Azarias; and Azarias begot Amarias ; and Amarias begot Sa- 
dok ; and Sadok begot Salom ; and Salom begot Chelkias j 
and Chelkias begot Azarias ; and Azarias begot Saraias ; and 
Saraias begot Josadak; and Josadak went into captivity with 
Juda and Jerusalem by the hand of Nabuchodonosar. 

16 The sons of Levi were Gerson, Kaath and Merari. Now 
these are the names of the sons of Gerson, Lobeni and Semei. 
The sons of Kaath were Ambram and Issaar, Chebron a*;d 

19 Oziel. The sons of Merari were Mooli and Musi. And these 
were the families of the Levites according to their families. 



Ch. VI. I. CHRONICLES. 

To Gerson by Lobeni belonged Jeth his son, Zammath his 
son, Joab his son, Addi his son, Zara his son, Jethri his son. 

22 The sons of Kaath were Aminadab his son, Kore his son, 
Aser his son, Elkana his son, Abisaph his son, Aser his son, 
Thaath his son, Onriel his son, Ozia his son, Saul his son. 
And the sons of Elkana, Amessi and Achimoth, Elkana his 
son, Supjii his son, Kainaath his son, Eliab his son, Jeroboam 
his son, Elkana his son, the sons of Samuel — the first born 

29 Sani and Abia. The sons of Merari were Mooli, Lobeni his 
son, Semei his son, Oza his son, Samaa his son, Aggia his 
son, Asaias his son. 

31 Now these are they whom David set over the bands of 

singers in the house of the Lord, when the ark was at rest. 
And they ministered before the tabernacle of the testimony 
with musical instruments, until Solomon built the house of 
the Lord in Jerusalem, and they attended their service accord- 
ing to their order, and these are they who attended with their 

34 sons — Of the sons of Kaath, Aiman, who sung to the psal- 
tery, the son of Joel, son of Samuel, son of Elkana, son of Je- 
roboam, son of Eliel, son of Thou, son of Suph, son of Elka- 
na, son of Maath, son of Amathi, son of Elkana, son of Joel, 
son of Azarias, son of Saphanias, son of Thaath, son of Aser, 
son of Abiasaph, son of Kore, son of Issaar, son of Kaath, son 

39 of Levi, son of Israel; and his brother Asaph who stood on his 

40 right — Asaph was the son of Barachias son of Samaa, son of 
Michael, son of Baasia, son of Melchia, son of Athani, son of 
Zaaras, son of Adai, son of Aitham, son of Zammam, son of 

44 Semei, son of Jeth, son of Gersom, son of Levi. And the sons 
of Merari, their brethren who were on their left, were Aitham 
son of Kisa, son of Abai, son of Maloch, son of Asebi, son of 
x\messia, son of Bani, son of Semer, son of Mooli, son of Mu- 
si, son of Merari, son of Levi. 

48 Now their brethren the Levites according to the houses of 
their families, were appointed to all the work of the service of 

49 the tabernacle of the house of God. And Aaron and his sons, 
who were to burn incense on the altar of whole burnt offer- 
ings and on the altar of incense offerings, were for all the 
service of the Holy of Holies, and to make atonement for Is- 
rael, according to all that Moses the servant of God com- 



Ch. VI. I. CHRONICLES. 

50 manded. And these were the sons of Aaron, Eleazar his son, 
Phineas his son, Abisu his son, Bokki his son, Ozi his son, 
Saraia his son, Mariel his son, Amaria his son, Achitob his 
son, Sadok his son, Achimaas his son. 

54 Now these were their dwelling places with their towns and 
their borders. To the sons of Aaron to their family as Kaath- 
ites, because the lot fell to them, therefore they gave them Che- 

56 bron in the land of Juda with its suburbs round about. But 
the fields belonging to the city and the villages thereof had 

57 been given to Chaleb son of Jephonne — to the sons of Aaron 
they gave these cities — of the refuge cities, Chebron and Lobna 
with its suburbs, and Salna with its suburbs, and Esthamo with 
its suburbs, and Jethar, with its suburbs, and Dabir with its 
suburbs, and Asan with its suburbs, and Baithsamus with its 

60 suburbs ; and from the tribe of Benjamin, Gabai with its su- 
burbs, and Galemath with its suburbs, and Anathoth with 
its suburbs. All their cities were thirteen according to their 

61 families. And to the rest of the Kaathites they gave by lot out of 
the tribe consisting of two communities, namely, out of 

62 Ephraim and the half of the tribe of Manasses, ten cities. And 
to the Gersonites according to their families, they gave out of 
the tribe of Issachar, out of the tribe of Aser, out of the tribe 
of Nephthaleim, and out of the tribe of Manasses in Basan, 

63 thirteen cities. And to the Merarites according to their families, 
out of the tribe of Reuben, out of the tribe of Gad, out of the 

64 tribe of Zabulon, twelve cities by lot. Now when the Israelites 
gave the Levites the cities and their suburbs, and had given by 
lot out of the tribe of Juda and out of the tribe of Symeon and 
out of the tribe of Benjamin, the cities which are mentioned by 
name, then the families of the sons of Kaath got these cities 
also of their borders. Out of the tribe of Ephraim they gave 
them of the cities of refuge, Sychem and its suburbs on mount 
Ephraim ; and Gazer with its suburbs, and Jekman with its 
suburbs, and Baithoron with its suburbs, and Ailon with its 
suburbs, and Gethremmon with its suburbs ; and out of the 
half tribe of Manasses, Anar with its suburbs, and Jemblaan 
with its suburbs for the rest of the Kaathites according to 

7 1 their families. And to the Gersonites they gave from the fami- 
lies of the half tribe of Manasses Golan of Basan with its suburbs, 



Ch. VII. I. CHRONICLES. 

and Aseroth with its suburbs ; and out of the tribe of Issa- 
char, Kedes with its suburbs, and Deberi with its suburbs, and 
Dabor with its suburbs, and Ramoth with its suburbs, and 
Ainan with its suburbs ; and out of the tribe of Aser, Maasal 
with its suburbs, and Abdou with its suburbs, and Akak with 

76 its suburbs, and Rohob with its suburbs. And out of the 
tribe of Nephthaleim, Kedes in Galilee with its suburbs, and 
Chamoth with its suburbs, and Kariathaim with its suburbs. 

77 And to the Merarites, the remaining Levites, they gave out 
of the tribe of Zabulon, Remmon with its suburbs, and Tha- 
bor with its suburbs, and on the western bank of the Jordan, 
Jericho; and out of the tribe of Reuben, Bosor in the wilder- 
ness with its suburbs, and Jasa with its suburbs, and Kad- 
moth with its suburbs, and Maephla with its suburbs; and 
out of the tribe of Gad, Rammoth Galaad with its suburbs, 
and Manaim with its suburbs, and Esebon with its suburbs, 
and Jazer with its suburbs. 

VII. The sons of Issachar were Thola and Phua and Jasub 

2 and Semeron, four. And the sons of Thola were Ozi, Raphaia, 
and Jeriel and Jamai and Jemason and Samuel, chiefs of the 
houses of the families of Thola, mighty in power in their re- 
spective communities. Their number in the days of David 

3 was twenty two thousand six hundred. And the sons of Ozi, 
Jezraia; and the sons of Jezraia, Michael, Abdiu and Joel and 

4 Jesia, five, all chiefs. And under them in their respective com- 
munities according to the houses of their families, the able bo- 
died men fit for array in battle, were thirty six thousand ; for 

5 they had many wives and children. And their brethren, com- 
prehending all the families of Issachar, the able bodied men fit 
for battle were eighty seven thousand. This was the number 
of them all. 

6 The sons of Benjamin were Bale and Bachir and Jediel, 
three. And the sons of Bale were Esebon and Ozi and Oziel 
and Jerimuth and Ouri, five, chiefs of houses of families migh- 
ty in power, and their number was twenty two thousand and 

8 thirty four. And the sons of Bachir were Zemira and Joas and 
Eliezar and Elithenan and Amaria and Jerimuth and Abiud 
and Anathoth and Eleemeth, all these were sons of Bachir, and 
their number according to their several communities, they bc- 

VOL. II. γ 



Ch. VII. I. CHRONICLES. 

ing chiefs of the houses of their patriarchal families mighty in 

10 power, were twenty thousand two hundred. And the sons of 
Jediel were Balaan, and the sons of Balaan, Jaus and Benjamin 

* and Aoth and Chanana and Zaithan and Tharsi and Achisaar. 

11 All these sons of Jediel being chiefs of their families mighty 
in power, were seventeen thousand two hundred who went out 
in the army to war, including Sapphin and Apphin and the 
sons of Or, Asom, and his son Aor. 

13 And the sons of Nephthale'un were Jasiel, Goni and Aser 
and Sellum his son and Balam his son. 

14 And the sons of Manasses were Esriel whom his concubine 
Syra bore to him. She bore to him also Machir the father of 

15 Galaad. And Machir took to wife a sister of Apphin and a sis- 
ter of Sapphin. The sister of the one was named Moocha, and 
the sister of the other Sapphaad. And to him by Sapphaad 

16 daughters only were born; but Moocha the wife of Machir 
bore a son and called his name Phares, and his brother's name 

17 was Sourus. His sons were Oulam and Rokon. And the sons 
of Oulam, Badam. These were of the house of Galaad son of 

18 Machir son of Manasses. And his sister Malecheth bore Isud 
and Abiezer and Maela. And the sons of Semira were Aim 
and Sychem and Lakim and Anian. 

20 And the sons of Ephraim were Sothalath and Barad his 
son and Thaath his son, Elada his son, Saath his son, and Za- 
bad his son, Sothole his son ; and Aser and Elead whom the 
men of Geth who were born in this land slew, because they 

23 went down to take their cattle. Whereupon Ephraim their fa- 
ther mourned many days. But when his brethren came to 
comfort him, he went in unto his wife, and she conceived and 
bore him a son, and he called his name Beria, Because, said he, 

24 he was born during the calamities in my house. And his 
daughter was Saraa, who formed a family among them, who 

25 were left, and it built the upper and lower Baithoron. And the 
sons of Ozan were Seera and Raphe his son, Saraph and Tha- 
leas his sons, Thaen his son and by his son Laadon, son Ami- 

28 ud, son Elisamai, son Nun, son Jesue were his sons. Now 
their possession and their dwelling was Baithel and its villages, 
eastward Nearan, and westward Gazer and its villages, and 

29 Sychem with its villages even to Gaza, and the villages there- 



Ch. VIII. I. CHRONICLES. 

of, and in the borders of the children of Manasses, Bethsan 
and its villages, Thanach and its villages, Mageddo and its 
villages, Dor and its villages. In this dwelt the children of 
Joseph son of Israel. 

30 The sons of Aser were Jemna and Suia and Isai and Be- 

31 ria with Sore their sister. And the sons of Beria were Chaber 

32 and Melchiel who was the father of Berthaith. And Chaber be- 

33 got Japhlet and Samer and Chothan and Sola their sister. And 
the sons of Japhlet were Phasek and Bamaeland Asith. These 

34 were sons of Japhlet. And the sons of Semmer were Achir 

35 and Rooga and J aba and Aram and Baneelam. His brother's 

36 sons were Sopha and Imana and Selles and Amal. The sons 
of* Sopha were Sue and Arnaphar and Suda and Barin and Im- 

37 ram and Basan and Oa and Sama and Salisa and Jethra and 
33 Becra. And the sons of Jether were Jephina and Phaspha and 

39 Ara. And the sons of Ola, Orech, Anieland Rasia. All these 
were sons of Aser, all chiefs of families, chosen men mighty 

40 in power, chief leaders. The number of them fit for the array 
of battle — their number was twenty six thousand men. 

VIII. Now Benjamin begot Bale his first born and Asbel his 
second son and Ara his third, Noa his fourth and Rapha his 

2 fifth. And the sons of Bale were Adir and Gera and Abiud and 
Abessue and Noama and Achia and Gera and Sephupham and 

6 Ouram. These are sons of Aod — these are the heads of the fa- 
milies who dwelt in Gabae, and who removed to Machanathi, 
namely Nooma and Achia and Gera who is called Jeglaam and 

8 begot Aza and Jachicho. And Saarin begot in the plain of 
Moab (after he had put away Osin and Baada his wife, he had 
by his wife Ada) Jolab and Sabia and Misa and Melchas and 

11 Jebus and Zabia and Marma. These were chiefs of families. 

12 Now by Osin he had Abitol and Alphaal. And the sons of Al- 
phaal were Obed, Misaal, Semmer (who built Onan and Lod 

13 and the villages thereof) and Beria and Sama. These were the 
chiefs of the families who inhabited Ailam after they had driven 

14 out the inhabitants of Geth, namely his brother Sosek and Ari- 

15 moth and Zabodia and Ored and Eder and Michael and Jes- 

16 pha and Joda sons of Beria; and Zabadia and Mosollam and 

17 Azaki and Abar and Isamari and Jezlias and Jobab sons of 

18 Elphaal; and Jakim and Zachri and Zabdi and Elionai and Sa- 



Ch. IX. I. CHRONICLES. 

19 lathi and Eleeli and Adaia and Baraia and Samarath sons of 

20 Samath ; and Jesphan and Obed and Eleel and Abdon and 

21 Zechri and Anan and Anania and Ambri and Ailam and Ana- 
thoth and Jathin and Jephadias and Phanuel sons of Sosek. 

26 And Samsari and Saarias and Gotholia and Jarasia and Eria 

28 and Zechri son of Iroam. These were chiefs of their respec- 

29 tive families. These chiefs dwelt in Jerusalem. And in Ga- 
baon dwelt father Gabaon, and his wife's name was Maacha, 

SO and her first born son was Abdon, and Sur and Kis and Baal 

3 1 and Nadab and Ner and Gedur and his brother and Zakchur 

32 and Makeloth ; and Makeloth begot Samaa. These also dwelt 
over against their brethren in Jerusalem, with their brethren. 

33 And Ner begot Kis ; and Kis begot Saul, and Saul begot 

34 Jonathan and Melchisue and Aminadab and Asabal. And 
Meribaal was a son of Jonathan, and Meribaal begot Micha ; 
and the sons of Micha, were Phithon and Melach and Tharach 

36 and Achaz. And Achaz begot Jada, and Jada begot Salai- 
math and Asmoth and Zambri. And Zambri begot Maisa 

37 and Maisa begot Baana. Raphaia was his son, Elasa his son, 

38 Esel his son. And Esel had six sons, and these are their 
names, Ezrikam the first born, and Ismael and Saraia and Ab- 

39 dia and Anan and Asa. All these were sons of Esel. And the 
sons of Asel his brother were Ailam his first born, and Jas 
his second, and Eliphalet, his third. And the sons of Ailam, 
mighty men for war ; bending the bow, and abounding in sons 
and sons of sons, were a hundred and fifty. All these were of 
the sons of Benjamin. 

IX. With respect to all Israel, this is a brief account of them. 
Now these are they who are enrolled in the book of the 
kings of Israel and Juda, with them who were carried away 
to Babylon, for their inquities, and who had formerly dwelt in 
their possessions in the cities of Israel, including the priests, 
the Levites and the persons given them, (for in Jerusalem 
there dwelt some of the children of Juda, and some of the 
children of Benjamin, and some of the children of Ephraim, 

4 and Manasses;) Gnothi son of Samiud, son of Amri, son of 
Ambraim, son of Bouni, son of the children of Phares, son 

5 of Juda; and of the Selonites, Asaia the first born and his 
sons ; and of the sons of Zara, Jeel and their brethren, six 



Ch. IX. I. CHRONICLES. 

7 hundred and ninety. And of the sons of Benjamin, Salom 

8 son of Mosollam, son of Oduia, son of Asinu ; and Jemnaa, 
son of Jeroboam, and Elo, who were sons of Osi, son of Ma- 

9 chir ; and Mosollam, son of Saphatia, son of Raguel, son of 
Jemnai, with their brethren, according to their respective fa- 
milies, nine hundred and fifty six. All these were heads of 

10 families, according to the houses of their families. And of 

11 the priests, Jodae and Joarim and Jachin and Azaria son of 
Chelkias, son of Mosollam, son of Sadok, son of Maraioth, 
son of Achitob, ruler of the house of God ; and Adaia, son 

12 of Iraam, son of Phaschor, son of Melchia ; and Maasia, son 

13 of Adiel, son of Ezira, son of Mosollam, son of Maselmoth, 
son of Emmer, and their brethren, chiefs of houses of their 
families, a thousand seven hundred and sixty, mighty in power 

14 for the work of the service of the house of God. And of the 
Levites, Samaia son of Asob, son of Ezrikam, son of Asa- 

15 bia, of the sons of Merari ; and Bakbachar and Ares and 
Galaal and Matthanias, son of Micha, son of Zechri, son of 

16 Asaph ; and Abdia, son of Samia, son of Galaal son of Idi- 
thun ; and Barachia, son of Ossa, son of Elkana, who dwelt 

17 in the villages of Notephati ; the keepers of the gates, Salom, 
Akum, Telmon and Diman and their brethren, Salom being 

18 at this time, the chief at the king's gate, namely the eastern 

1 9 gate, of the camp of the Levites ; and Sellum son of Kore, 
son of Abiasaph, son of Kore. Now his brethren, for the house 
of his father, namely the Korites, were over the works of the 
service keeping the watches of the tabernacle, and their fathers 

20 were over the camp of the Lord guarding the entrance. And 
Phineas son of Eleazar was the ruler over them, and these 

2 1 were his assistants — Zacharias son of Mosollomi, keeper of the 

22 door of the tabernacle of the testimony, all the chosen keepers 
of the gates, were two hundred and twelve. With respect to the 
distribution of these in their respective courts, David and 

23 Samuel the seer appointed them to their office, and they and 
their sons had the charge of the gates in the house of the 

24 Lord, and in the house of the tabernacle, to keep watch. The 
gates were according to the four winds, east, west, north, and 

25 south. And their brethren in the villages were to relieve them, 

26 every seven days from time to time. Because the four chiefs 



Ch. X. I. CHRONICLES. 

had the charge of the gates, and the Levites who were over 
the store houses, and over the treasures of the house of God, 

27 encamp near — because the watch rested on them, therefore they 
had the charge of the keys to open every morning, the doors of 

28 the sanctuary. Now some of the Levites were over the imple- 
ments of the service, for they were to be brought in and car- 

29 ried out by tale. So some were over the implements, and 
over all the holy vessels, and over the fine flour, the wine 

30 and the oil, the frankincense and the spices. And of the sons 
of the priests, some were confectioners and prepared the spices. 

31 And of the Levites, Matthathias, who was the first born of 
Salom the Korite, he had the charge of the works of the sa- 
crifice prepared in the pan of the high priest, and Banaias 

32 the Kaathite, who was of their brethren, was over the shew 

33 bread, to set it in order every sabbath ; and the singers, the 
chiefs of those families of the Levites, who were distributed 

34 into daily classes ; because the chiefs of these families of the 
Levites were employed in this service day and night, therefore 

' they dwelt in Jerusalem. 

35 Now at Gabaon dwelt father Gabaon, Jeel, whose wife's 

36 name was Mocha, and his son, the first born, Abdon ; and 

37 Sour and Kis and Baal and Ner and Nadab and Gedour and 
a brother, and Zakchur and Makeloth : and Makeloth begot 

38 Samaa. And these among their brethren dwelt at Jerusalem, 

39 among their brethren. And Ner begot Kis, and Kis begot 

40 Saul, and Saul begot Jonathan, and Melchisue and Aminadab 

41 and Asabal ; and the son of Jonathan, was Meribaal and Me- 

42 ribaal begot Micha, and the sons of Micha, Phitnon and Ma- 
lach and Tharach : and Achaz begot Jada, and Jada begot 

43 Galemith and Gazmoth and Zambri, and Zambri begot Massa, 

44 and Massa begot Baana, and Raphaia was his son, and Elasa 
his son, and as for Esel his son, Esel had six sons, and their 
names were Ezrikam, his first born, and Ismael and Saraia 
and Abdia, and Anan and Asa. These were sons of Esel. 

X. When the Philistines fought against Israel and the Israel- 
ites fled before them, and fell down slain on mount Gelbue, 
the Philistines pursued close after Saul and after his sons ; 
2 and when they had slain Jonathan and Aminadab and Mel- 
chisue, the sons of Saul, the weight of the battle was directed 



Ch. XL I. CHRONICLES. 

3 against Saul. And the archers assailed him with bows, and 

4 darts, and wounded him with arrows. Whereupon Saul said to 
his armour bearer, Draw thy sword and run me through with 
it, lest the uncircumcised come and insult me. But his ar- 

5 mour bearer would not ; for he was greatly terrified. There- 
upon Saul took the sword and fell on it. And when his armour 

6 bearer saw that he was dead, he also fell on his sword. Thus 

7 Saul died with his three sons that day. And all his house 
died together. And when the Israelites who dwelt in the 
plain, saw that Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were 
dead they left their cities and fled, and the Philistines came and 

8 dwelt therein. Now on the next day when the Philistines came 
to strip the dead, they found Saul and his sons fallen, on 

9 mount Gelbue. And when they had stripped him, they took 
his head and his armour, and sent them to the land of the 
Philistines round about, to proclaim the good news to their 

10 idols, and to the people. And having deposited his armour 
in the house of their god, they fixed up his head, in the house 

11 of Dagon. But when all the inhabitants of Galaad heard all 

12 that the Philistines had done to Saul and Israel, all the va- 
liant men of Galaad arose and took the body of Saul and the 
bodies of his sons, and carried them to Jabis and buried their 

13 bones under the oak at Jabis, and fasted seven days. Thus 
died Saul, for his transgressions, which he had committed 
against God, according to the word of the Lord. Because he 

14 did not keep watch — because Saul sought to consult by a belly 
speaker, therefore Samuel the prophet answered him, though 
he sought not the Lord, and the Lord slew him, and transfer- 
red the kingdom to David, son of Jessai. 

XL Then all Israel came to David to Chebron, and said, 

2 Behold we are thy bones and thy flesh. Even in time past 
when Saul was king, it was thou who didst lead out and bring 
Γη Israel, and the Lord said to thee, Thou shalt feed my peo- 

3 pie Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over Israel. So when all 
the elders were come to the king at Chebron, king David 
made a covenant with them at Chebron before the Lord, and 
they anointed him to be king over Israel, according to the 
word of the Lord by the ministry of Samuel. 

4 When the king and his men went to Jerusalem, which is 



Ch. XI. I. CHRONICLES. 

Jebus, the inhabitants of the land, the Jebusites who were 
there said to David, Thou shalt not come here, yet he took 

5 the fortress Sion which is now the city of David. He indeed 

6 said, Whoever first smiteth the Jebusites, he shall be made 

7 chief and general of the army. Upon which Joab son of Saruia 

8 went up first and was made chief. And David made his abode 
in the fortress, for which cause he called it the city of David, 

9 and built the city around it. And David proceeded on advanc- 
ing in greatness, for the Lord Almighty was with him. 

10 Now these are the chiefs of the mighty men who were with 
David, who with him prevailed with all Israel during his reign, 
that he should be, according to the word of the Lord, king 

11 over Israel. And this is the number of David's worthies. Je- 
sebada son of Achaman, the first of thirty. He drew his sword 
once against three hundred men who were slain at one time. 

12 And after him Eleazar son of Dodai the Achochite, who was 

13 one of the three worthies. He was with David at Phasodamin 
when the Philistines were assembled there for battle. And 

14 there was a portion of a field full of barley. And when the peo- 
ple fled before the Philistines, he stood in the midst of the piece 
of ground and maintained it and smote the Philistines, and the 

15 Lord gave a great victory. When three of the thirty chiefs 
went down to the rock to David, to the cave Odollam, at the 
time when the Philistines were encamped in the giant's vale, 

16 and David was in the fortress and there was a garrison of the 

17 Philistines at Bethlehem, David longed and said, Ο that some 
one would give me some water to drink out of the well of Beth- 

18 lehem which is by the gate ! Upon this the three broke through 
the camp of the Philistines, and having drawn some water out 
of the well of Bethlehem by the gate, they took it and came to 
David. But David would not drink it, but poured it out as a 
libation to the Lord, and said, God forbid that I should do such 

19 a thing ! Shall I drink the blood of these men who have jeo- 
parded their lives? Because they had brought it at the hazard 

20 of their lives he would not drink it. These things were done 
by these three worthies. And Abisa brother of Joab, who was 
chief of the three — he drew his sword against three hundred 

21 who were slain at one time. He was renowned among the three. 
Of the three he was higher in rank than two and was their 






Ch. XII. I. CHRONICLES. 

22 chief, but did not come up to the three. And Banaias son of 
Jodae, son of a worthy, whose works for Kabasael were many 
— he smote the two Ariels of Moab. He went down also and 

23 smote a lion in the pit in a snowy day. He smote also the 
Egyptian, a noted man of five cubits high. Though the 
Egyptian had in his hand a spear like a weaver's beam, Ba- 
naias went against him with a staff, and wresting the spear out 
of the hand of the Egyptian, he slew him with his.own spear. 

24 These things Banaias son of Jodae did, and had a name among 

25 the three worthies. He was higher in rank than the thirty but 
did not come up to the three, and David set him over his fa- 

26 mily• And the commanders of the armies were Asael a brother 

27 of Joab, Eleanan son of Dodoe of Bethlehem; Samaoth the 

28 Arorite ; Chelles the Phelonite ; Or, a son of Ekkis the The- 

29 koite; Abie zer the Anathothite; Sobochai the Ousathite ; Eli 

30 the Achonite ; Marai the Netophathite ; Chthaod son of Nooza 

3 1 the Netophathite ; Airi son of Rebie of Mount Benjamin ; Ba- 

32 naias the Phrathonite ; Ouri of Nachaligaas ; Abiel the Gara- 

33 baithite; Azbon the Baromite; Eliaba the Salabonite; Son 

34 Asam the Gisonite; Jonathan son of Sola the Ararite; Achim 

35 son of Achar the Ararite; Elphat son of Thurophar the Me- 

36 chorathrite ; Achia the Phelonite; Esere the Charmadite; 

37 Naarai son of Azobai ; Joel son of Nathan; Mebaal son of 

38 Agari; Sele the Ammonite; Nachor the Berothite the armour 

39 bearer of the son of Saruia; Ira the Jethrite ; Gareb the Je- 

40 thrite ; Uria the Chettite ; Zabet son of Achaia ; Adina son of 

41 Saiza the chief of Reuben, yet there were thirty above him; 

42 Anan son of Moocha and Josaphat the Matthanite ; Ozia the 

43 Astarothite ; Samatha and Jeiel sons of Chotham the Ararite ; 

44 Jediel son of Semeri, and Josae his brother the Thosite; 

45 Eliel the Maoite ; Jaribi and Josia his son ; Ellaam and 

46 Jethama the Moabite ; Daliel and Obeth, and Jessiel the 

47 Messobiate. 

XII. Now these were they who came to David to Sekelag, 

while he kept himself close because of Saul son of Kis; and 

2 these among the worthies assisted in battle, and used the bow, 
slung stones and hurled darts with both hands. Of the bre- 

3 thrcn of Saul — of Benjamin, the chief Achiezer and Joas son 

4 of Asma the Gabathite, and Joel and Jophalet sons of Asmoth 

vol.. ji. ζ 



Ch. XII. I. CHRONICLES. 

and Berchia and Jeul the Anathothite,andSamaias theGabaon- 
ite, a commander among the thirty and over the thirty ; Jere- 

5 mia and Jeziel and Joanan and Joazabath the Gadarathiite, 
Azai and Arimuth and Baalia and Samaraia and Saphatias the 

6 Charaiphielite, Elkana and Jesuni and Ozriel and Jozara and 

7 Sobokam, who were Korites, and Jelia and Zabadia sons of 

8 Iroam and who were Gedorites. And from the Gadites there 
withdrew to David from the wilderness, valiant men lit to com- 
mand an army in battle array, wielding shields and spears. 
Their faces were the face of a lion, and they were swift as roes 

9 on the mountains — Asa the chief, Abdia the second, Eliab 

10 the third, Masmana the fourth, Jeremias the fifth, Jethi the 

11 sixth, Eliab the seventh, Joanan the eighth, Eliazer the ninth, 

13 Jeremia the tenth, Melchabanai the eleventh. These from 

14 among the sons of Gad were officers of the army, the least of 
them commanded a hundred, and the greatest a thousand. 

15 These were they who crossed the Jordan in the first month, 
when it overflowed all its banks, and put to flight all the inha- 

16 bitants of the plains, from east to west. There came also some 

17 from Benjamin and Juda to the assistance of David. And Da- 
vid went out to meet them, and said to them, If you are come to 
me with good intent, let my heart as it is disposed be knit to 
you : but if to betray me to my enemies, and not with sinceri- 

.18 ty, may the God of our fathers see and rebuke. Whereupon 
Amasai, a chief of the thirty, became inspired, and said, Ad- 
vance, David son of Jessai ! for they are thy people — Peace! peace 
to thee ! and peace to them who assist thee, because thy God 
hath helped thee. So David received them, and made them. 

19 officers of the armies. There withdrew also to David some 
from Manasses, when the Philistines came against Saul to 
battle. He indeed did not assist them, for in a council of war 
held by the generals of the Philistines, they said, With the 

20 heads of these men he will return to his master Saul. As Da- 
vid was returning to Sekelag there came to him from Manasses, 
Edna and Josabath and Rodiel and Michael and Josabaith and 

21 Elimuth and Semathi. They were the leaders of the thou- 
sands of Manasses, and they assisted David in the battle 
against the roving horde; for they were all men of valour, and 

22 for their valour commanders in the army. For there came 
men daily to David to form a great army like the host of God. 



Ch, XIII. I. CHRONICLES. 

23 Now these were the rolls of the chiefs of the army who 
came to David to Chebron, to transfer the kingdom of Saul 

24 to him, according to the word of the Lord. The children of 
Juda armed with shields and spears, six thousand eight hun- 

25 dred, fit for the array of battle ; of the Symeonites fit for the 

26 array of battle, seven thousand one hundred; of the Levites, 
four thousand six hundred, and Joadas the leader of the house 

27 of Aaron, and with him three thousand seven hundred, with 

28 Sadok a young man of valour, and of his patriarchal family 

29 twenty two chiefs ; and of theBenjaminites, Saul's brethren, 
three thousand; but still the greater part of them kept the 

30 watch of Saul's house ; of the Ephraimites, twenty thousand 
eight hundred valiant men, the most renowned in the houses 

3 1 of their respective families ; and of the half of the tribe of 
Manasses, eighteen thousand, who were enrolled for the ex- 

32 press purpose of making David king; and of the children of 
Issachar, men who had knowledge suitable for the times, who 
knew what Israel should do, two hundred chiefs, and all their 

33 brethren with them ; and from Zabulon there came ready for 
battle, with all the implements of war with them, fifty thousand, 

34 to assist David effectually; and from Nephthaleim, a thou- 
sand chiefs, and with them thirty seven thousand, armed with 

35 shields and spears; and from the Danites, twenty eight thou- 

36 sand eight hundred, marshalled for battle ; and from Aser the)" 

37 who go forth for battle, forty thousand; and from beyond the 
Jordan — from Reuben and Gad, and from the half of the tribe 
of Manasses, with nil the implements of war, a hundred and 

38 twenty thousand. All these warriors were arrayed for battle, 
with a peaceable intention. They came to Chebron to make 
David king over all Israel. And all the rest of Israel were of 

39 one mind that David should be king. And they were three 

40 days eating and drinking. For their brethren made provision 
for them. And they who were nearest, as far as Zabulon and 
Issachar and Nephthaleim brought provisions for them on ca- 
mels and asses and mules and oxen, namely, flour, fig cakes, 
dried grapes, wine and oil, with cattle and sheep in abundance ; 
for there was joy in Israel. 

XIII. When David had consulted with the captains of thou- 
sands and captains of hundreds, under every leader, he said to 



Ch. XIV. I. CHRONICLES. 

2 the whole congregation of Israel, If it seemeth good and be 
countenanced by the Lord our God, let us send to the rest of 
our brethren who are left in all the land of Israel, and with them 
let the priests, the Levites in the cities of their possession be 

3 assembled with us; and let us bring the ark of our God to us. 

4 For they had not sought it from the days of Saul. Thereupon 
the whole congregation gave orders to do so ; for the proposal 

5 was right in the eyes of all the people. Accordingly, David as- 
sembled all Israel from the border of Egypt to the bay of 
Emath, to bring the ark of God from the city Iarim, and David 
brought it up. 

6 Now when all Israel came to the city Iarim which belong- 
ed to Juda, to bring up thence the ark of God the Lord, en- 
throned on cherubim whose name was invoked, they put the 

7 ark of God on a new cart. And from the house of Aminadab, 

8 Oza and his brothers guided the cart, while David and all Is- 
rael were playing with all their might before God, on psalte- 
ries and kinyras and nablas and tympanums and cymbals and 

9 trumpets. But when they came to the threshing floor, Oza 
stretched forth his hand to take hold of the ark, because the 

10 bullock caused it to lean: whereupon the anger of the Lord 
was kindled against Oza, and he smote him there, because he 
stretched forth his hand upon the ark, and he died there be- 
ll fore God. And David was disheartened because the Lord had 
made a breach on Oza, and called that place, Breach of Oza, 

12 which is still its name. And David was that day afraid of God 

13 and said, How can I bring the ark of God home to me*? So Da- 
vid did not bring the ark of God home to himself, to the city of 
David, but caused it to turn aside to the house of Abeddara, 

14 the Gethite. And the ark of God abode in the house of Abed- 
dara three months, and God blessed Abeddara and all that be- 
longed to him. 

XIV. When Chiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, 
with cedar timber, and masons and carpenters to build him a 

2 house, and David knew that the Lord had prepared him to be 
king over Israel ; for his kingdom was highly exalted for the 

3 sake of his people Israel, David took still more wives in Je- 
rusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him. 

4 Now these are the names of those who were born to him in 



Ch. XV. I. CHRONICLES. 

Jerusalem, Samaa, Sobab, Nathan and Solomon, ancTBaar 
and Elisa, and Eliphaleth and Nageth, and Naphath and Ja- 
phie, and Elisamae and Eliade, and Eliphala. 

8 When the Philistines heard that David was anointed king 
over all Israel, they all came up to seek David. And when 

9 David heard it he went out to meet them. Now the Philistines 

10 had come and spread themselves in the giant's vale. And 
David inquired of God, saying, If I go up against the Philis- 
tines, wilt thou deliver them into my hands? And the Lord 
said to him, Go up and I will deliver them into thy hands. 

11 So he went up to Baal Pharasin. And when he had smitten 
them there David said, God broke through my enemies by 
my hand, like the breaking out of water, therefore he called 

12 the name of that place, Breach of Pharasin. And the Philis- 
tines having left their gods there, David ordered them to be 
burned. 

13 Again the Philistines came up and spread themselves again 

14 in the giant's vale. And when David again inquired of God, 
God said to him, Thou shalt not go up after them. Turn from 

15 them and come upon them near the pear trees. And when 
thou shalt hear a sound of rustling in the tops of the pear 
trees, then thou shalt come to battle, for God is gone out be- 

16 fore thee to smite the camp of the Philistines. Accordingly he 
did as the Lord commanded him, and he smote the camp of 

17 the Philistines from Gabaon to Gazera. And the fame of Da- 
vid spread through all the land, and the Lord brought the dread 
of him on all the nations. 

XV. When David had built houses for himself in the city of 
David, and prepared the place for the ark of God, and made 
for it a tabernacle: then David said, None but the Levites 
ought to carry the ark of God ; for the Lord hath chosen them 
to carry the ark of the Lord and to minister to him forever. 

3 So when David assembled all Israel at Jerusalem, to bring the 
ark of the Lord to the place which he had prepared for it, he 

4 assembled the sons of Aaron, the Levites ; of the Kaathites, 

5 Uriel the chief and his brethren, a hundred and twenty ; of the 

6 Merarites, Asaia the chief and his brethren, two hundred and 

7 twenty ; of the Gersonites, Joel the chief and his brethren, a 

8 hundred and thirty ; of the sons of Elisaphat, Semei the chief 



Ch. XV. I. CHRONICLES. 

9 and his brethren, two hundred, of the sons of Chebron, Eliel 

10 the chief and his brethren, eighty ; of the sons of Oziel, Amina- 

11 dab the chief and his brethren, a hundred and twelve. And 
David sent for Sadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the 
Levites, Uriel, Asaia and Joel, and Semaia and Eliel, and 

12 Aminadab, and said to them, You chiefs of the families of the 
Levites, purify yourselves, both you and your brethren, that 
you may carry up the ark of the God of Israel to the place 

13 which I have prepared for it ; for because you did not do this 
on the former occasion, our God made a breach among us, be- 

14 cause we did not seek him with judgment. So when the priests 
and the Levites had purified themselves to carry the ark of 
the God of Israel, the Levites took up the ark of God, as 

15 Moses had by the word of the Lord ordered in writing, with 

16 the staves on their shoulders. Now David had said to the chiefs 
of the Levites, Appoint your brethren, such as play on musical 
instruments, on nablas and kinyras, and cymbals, that they 

17 may make a loud sound with the voice of joy. And the Levites 
had appointed Aiman son of Joel and of his brethren, Asaph 
son of Barachia, and of the sons of Merari his brethren, Aithan 

18 the son of Kisias and with them their brethren of the second 
rank, Zacharias and Oziel, and Semiramoth and Jeiel, and 
Elioel and Eliab, and Banaia and Maasaia, and Matthathia 
and Eliphena, and Makellia and Abdedom, and Jeiel and 

19 Ozias, the keepers of the gates; and the musicians Aiman, 
Asaph and Aithan, sung and played on brass cymbals in the 

20 highest key ; and Zacharias and Oziel, Semiramoth, Jeiel; Oni, 

21 Eliab, Maasias, Banias, on nablas in alaimoth ; and Mattathias 
and Eliphaiu, and Makenia and Abdedom, and Jeiel and Ozias, 

22 on kinyras in AmasemthtQ. give a strong sound. And Chono- 
nias, a chief of the Levites, was master of the odes, for he was 

23 skilled therein. And Barachia and Elkana were door keepers 

24 of the ark. And Somnia and Josaphat, and Nathaniel and 
Amasai, and Zacharia and Banaia, and Eliezer the priests, 
sounded the trumpets before the ark of God. And Abdedom 

25 and Jeia were door keepers of the ark of God. And David 
with the elders of Israel and the captains of thousands, march- 
ed before when they were bringing up the ark of the covenant 

26 from the house of Abdedom with joy. And because God 



Ch. XVI. I. CHRONICLES. 

strengthened the Levites who carried the ark of the covenant 
of the Lord, therefore they sacrificed each seven bulls and 

27 seven rams. Now David was girded in a cotton stole, as were 
all the Levites who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, 
and the musicians and Chonenias the chief of the singers. 

28 And when David in his cotton stole, and all Israel were bring- 
ing up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouting and 

29 the sound of clarions and trumpets, answered by nablas and 
kinyras, it happened that when the ark of the covenant of the 
Lord came to the city of David, Melchol the daughter of Saul 
looking out at a window saw king David dancing and playing, 
and she despised him in her heart. 

XVI. And when they had brought in the ark of God and set 
it in the midst of the tabernacle, which David had erected for 
it, they offered whole burnt offerings and offerings of thanks. 

2 giving before God. And when David had finished offer- 
ing the whole burnt offerings and the offerings of thanksgiving, 

3 he blessed the people in the name of the Lord, and distributed 
to all Israel both men and women, to every one a loaf of ba- 

4 ker's bread, and a cake made with honey. Then he appointed 
some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the covenant 
of the Lord, and in responsive strains to thank and praise the 

5 Lord the God of Israel. Asaph was the leader, and to him re- 
sponded Zacharias, Jeiel, Semiramoth and Jeiel, Matthathias, 
Eliab and Banaias, Abdedom and Jeiel, with musical instru- 
ments, nablas and kinyras; but Asaph used the cymbal ; and 

6 Banaias and Oziel the priests, with trumpets, were to be con- 

7 tinually before the ark of the covenant of God. On that day 
David gave orders for beginning the praises of the Lord by 
the ministry of Asaph and his brethren, with this Ode: — 

8 Ο give thanks to the Lord, 
Invoke him by his name ; 

Among peoples make known his designs, 

9 Sing to him. Sing praises to him. 

Proclaim to all the wonders which the Lord hath done. 

10 Sing praises to his holy name. 

Let the heart which seeketh his favour be glad. 

1 1 Seek the Lord and persevere ; 
Seek his face continually. 



Ch. XVI. I. CHRONICLES. 

12 Remember the wonders which he hath done — 
The miracles and judgments of his mouth. 

13 The seed of Israel are his servants — 
The sons of Jacob, his chosen ones. 

14 He is the Lord our God — 

In all this land are his judgments. 

15 Let us ever remember his covenant — 

His word which he enjoined for a thousand generations. 

16 The covenant which he made with Abraham — 
And the oath which he sware to Isaak, 

17 This he confirmed for a law to Jacob — 
To Israel as an everlasting covenant, 

18 Saying, To thee I will give the land of Chanaan, 
To be the portion of your inheritance. 

19 When they were very few in number; 
Of little account, and sojourned therein ; 

20 When they were passing from nation to nation — 
And from one kingdom to another people ; 

21 He suffered no man to oppress them — 
He rebuked kings for their sake — 

22 Touch not these my anointed ones, 
And to these my prophets do no harm. 

23 Sing to the Lord, all ye of this land, 
From day to day proclaim his salvation. 

24 Declare his glory among the nations — 
Among all peoples his marvellous works ; 

25 That the Lord is great and greatly to be praised ; 
Above all the gods he is awful — 

26 That all the gods of the nations are idols ; 
But our God hath made the heavens. 

27 Glory and honour are before him — 
Majesty and gladness in his abode. 

28 Ascribe to the Lord, ye families of nations, 
Ascribe to the Lord glory and majesty — 

29 Ascribe to the Lord, glory to his name. 
Take gifts and bring them before him, 
And worship the Lord in his holy courts. 

30 Let all the earth be awed at his presence, 
Let the earth be renovated and not dismaved. 



Ch. XVII. I. CHRONICLES. 

31 Let heaven rejoice, and the earth exult with joy, 
Let them say among the nations, The Lord is king. 

32 Let the sea roar and the fulness thereof — 
And the trees of the field and all therein ; 

33 Let the trees of the forest also rejoice at the presence of 

the Lord ; 
Because he is come to judge the earth. 

34 Ο praise the Lord ; for it is good, 
For to everlasting his mercy endureth. 

35 And say, Save us, Ο God of our salvation ! 
Gather us and deliver us from our enemies ; 
That we may praise thy holy name, 

And in thy praises make our boast. 

36 Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, 
From everlasting to everlasting, 

And let all the people say, Amen. 

37 And when they had praised the Lord, they left there, be- 
fore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, Asaph and his bre- 
thren, that they might minister before the ark continually as 

38 each day's service required. And with regard to Abdedom 
and his brethren who were sixty eight, Abdedom son of Idi- 

39 thun and Osa were to be door keepers. And they left Sadok 
the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle 
of the Lord at the high place at Gabaon, that they might offer 

40 whole burnt offerings to the Lord, on the altar of whole burnt 
offerings continually every morning and evening, according 
to all that is written in the law of the Lord, which he enjoined 
on the children of Israel by the ministry of Moses the servant 

41 of God : and with him were Aiman and Idithun, and the rest 
who were chosen by name to praise the Lord, because his 

42 mercy endureth forever. And they had with them trumpets 
and high sounding cymbals, and musical instruments, for the 

43 songs of God. And the sons of Idithun were to be keepers 
of the gate. Then all the people returned every one to his 
home, and David returned to bless his household. 

XVII. When David was settled in his house, he said to Na- 
than the prophet, Behold I dwell in a house of cedar, but the 
ark of the covenant of the Lord is beneath curtains of skin. 
2 Thereupon Nathan said to David, Do whatever is in thy heart ; 
vol. if. va 



Ch. XVII. I. CHRONICLES. 

3 for God is with thee. But that very night there came to Na- 

4 than a word of the Lord, Go, and say to David my servant, 
Thus saith the Lord, Thou shalt not build me a house to dwell 

5 in. Because I have not dwelt in a house from the day I brought 
up Israel even to this day, but have been in a tent and under 

6 a curtain in all the places, through which I passed among Is- 
rael, did I ever speak to any tribe of Israel, whom I command- 
ed to feed my people, and say, Why have you not built for 

7 me a house of cedar ? But now, Thus shalt thou say to my 
servant David, Thus saith the Lord Almighty, I took thee from 

8 the fold — from following the flocks, to be ruler over my peo- 
ple Israel, and have been with thee wherever thou hast gone, 
and have cut off all thy enemies from before thee, and made 
thee a name like the name of the great men on the earth ; and 

9 I will fix a place for my people Israel, and plant them, and they 
shall dwell by themselves and no more be in trouble, nor shall 

10 a son of iniquity any more humble them as at the first, even 
from the time I appointed judges over my people Israel. I 
have indeed subdued all thy enemies, and I will increase thee 

11 and the Lord will build thee a house. And when thy days are 
fulfilled and thou shalt go to rest with thy fathers, I will raise 
up thy seed after thee who shall proceed from thy loins, and I 

12 will prepare his kingdom. He shall build a house for me, and 

13 I will establish his throne forever. I will be to him a father and 
he shall be to me a son ; and I will not withdraw my mercy 
from him as I withdrew it from them who were before him ; 

14 but will confirm him in my house and in his kingdom, and his 
throne shall be established forever. 

15 According to all these words and according to all this 

16 vision, so did Nathan speak to David. Whereupon king Da- 
vid went and sat down before the Lord, and said, 

Who am I, Ο Lord my God, and what is my house that 

17 thou shouldst love me forever ! Though these were very small 
before thee, Ο my God, yet thou hast spoken of thy servant's 
house for a great while to come, and hast looked upon me as 

18 with the eyes of a man, and exalted me. Ο Lord my God, what 
more can David address to thee to express thy praise? Thou 

19 knovvest thy servant, and according to thy own heart thou hast 

20 made all this greatness, Ο Lord ! there is none like thee, nor is 



Ch. XVIII. I. CHRONICLES. 

there a god besides thee according to all that we have heard with 
our ears ; nor is there another nation on the earth like thy people 

21 Israel. How hath God led them to redeem a people for him- 
self, to make himself a name great and glorious, by driving out 
nations from before thy people whom thou didst redeem out 

22 of Egypt ! As thou hast made thy people Israel a people for 

23 thyself forever, and thou the Lord art become their God; now 
therefore, Ο Lord, let the word which thou hast spoken to thy 
servant, and touching his house be established forever, and do 

24 as thou hast spoken; and let thy name be established and 
magnified forever by men, saying, Ο Lord, Lord Almighty, 
thou art the God of Israel, and the house of thy servant 

25 David is established before thee. Because thou, Ο Lord my 
God, hast revealed to the ear of thy servant, that thou wilt 
build him a house ; therefore thy servant hath found freedom 

26 to make supplication before thee. And now, Ο Lord, thou art 
God. As thou hast spoken these good things, respecting thy 

27 servant; now therefore begin to bless the house of thy servant 
that it may be before thee forever. Because thou hast blessed, 
therefore bless it forever. 

XVIII. Now after these things, David smote the Philistines 
and subdued them, and took out of their hands Geth and the vil- 

2 lages thereof. He smote Moab also, and they became vassals 

3 to David and brought him gifts. David also smote Adraazar 
king of Suba Emath. As he was going to establish his domi- 

4 nion over the river Euphrates ; David intercepted a thousand 
of his chariots and seven thousand cavalry, and twenty thousand 
infantry. And David destroyed all the chariots, reserving only 

5 a hundred of them. And when the Syrians of Damascus came 
to assist Adraazar king of Suba, David smote of the Syrians 

6 twenty two thousand men. And David garrisoned that part of 
Syria which belonged to Damascus, and the inhabitants became 
David's vassals, and brought him gifts. And the Lord pre- 

7 served David wherever he went. And David took the chains 
of gold which were on the servants of Adraazar, and brought 

8 them to Jerusalem. And from Matabeth and from the chief 
cities which belonged to Adraazar, David took brass in great 
abundance, of which Solomon made the brasen sea and the pil- 

lars and the vessels of brass. Now whenThoa king of Emath. 



Ch. XIX. I. CHRONICLES. 

heard that David had smitten all the army of Adraazar king of 

10 Suba, he sent his son Aduram to king David, to sue for peace 
with him, and to congratulate him because he had fought 
Adraazar and defeated him ; for Thoa was at war with Ad- 

11 raazar. And all the vessels of gold and silver and brass, 
which he brought, these king David dedicated to the Lord, 
together with the silver and the gold which he took from all 
the nations from Idumea and Moab, and from the Ammon- 
ites and the Philistines and from Amelek. 

12 When Abessa son of Saruia had smitten of the Idumeans 

13 in the valley of salt, eighteen thousand, he put garrisons in the 
vale; and the Idumeans became David's vassals, and the 

14 Lord preserved David wherever he went. And David reigned 
over all Israel, and continued to execute judgment and jus- 

15 tice among all the people. And Joab son of Saruia was over 

16 the army; and Josaphat son of Achilud was recorder; and Sa- 
dok son of Achitob and Achimelech son of Abiathar, were the 

17 priests; and Sousa was secretary; and Banaias son of Jodae 
was over the Cherethites and the Phelethites, and David's 
sons were next in rank to the king. 

XIX. Now after these things, when Naas king of the Ammon- 

2 ites died and his son Anan reigned in his stead, David said, I 
will shew kindness to Anan son of Naas as his father shewed 
kindness to me. So David sent messengers to comfort him for 
his father. But when David's servants came to the country of 
the Ammonites to Anan to comfort him, the chiefs of the Am- 

3 monites said to Anan, Is it to honour thy father in thy presence 
that David hath sent comforters to thee? Is it not that they may 
examine the city and spy the country that his servants are come 

4 to thee? Thereupon Anan took David's servants and shaved 
them, and having cut off the half of their military robe even to 

5 the under garment, he dismissed them. And when messengers 
came to inform David respecting his servants, David sent to 
meet them, because they had been greatly dishonoured; and 
the king said to them, Abide at Jericho till your beards grow 

G and then return. Now when the Ammonites saw that David's 
people were dishonoured, Anan and the children of Ammon 
sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots 
and cavalry from Syrian Mesopotamia, and from Syrian Maa- 



Ch. XX. I. CHRONICLES. 

7 cha and from Sobal. And they hired thirty two thousand of the 
chariot army, and the king of Maacha and his people. And 
when they arrived they encamped over against Medaba, and 
the Ammonites were drawn together out of their cities, and 

8 came to commence war. When David heard this he sent Joab 

9 with all the army of the worthies. And the Ammonites came 
out and drew up in array for battle before the gate of the city; 
but the kings who had come, encamped by themselves in the 

10 plain. When Joab saw that they were arrayed for battle against 
him both in front and rear, he made a draught out of all the youth 

11 of Israel and drew them up in array against the Syrians. And 
the rest of the people he put under the command of Abesai his 
brother, and they were drawn up in array against the Ammon- 

12 ites. And Joab said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, thou 
must come to my assistance ; and if the children of Ammon 

13 prove too strong for thee I will support thee. Be of good cou- 
rage and let us act valiantly for our people and for the cities of 

14 our God, and the Lord will do what is good in his sight. And 
when Joab and the people with him drew up in array for battle 

15 over against the Syrians they fled from them. And soon as the 
Ammonites saw that the Syrians fled they also fled before 
Abesai and before Joab his brother, and entered the city. 
Upon which Joab returned to Jerusalem. 

16 When the Syrian saw that Israel had defeated him, he des- 
patched messengers and drew out the Syrians from beyond 
the river. And Sophath the general of Adraazar's army was at 

17 their head. This being told David, he assembled all Israel and 
crossed the Jordan and came upon them, and drew up for 
battle against them. And while David was marshalling his ar- 
my for battle against the Syrians, they attacked him ; but the 

18 Syrians fled before Israel, and David slew of the Syrians seven 
thousand of the chariot army, and forty thousand infantry. 

1 9 He slew also Sophath the general of the army. And when the 
servants of Adraazar saw that they were defeated before Is- 
rael, they made peace with David and served him. And the 

XX. Syrians would not help the Ammonites any more. And 
at the return of the year when kings take the field, Joab led 
out all the strength of the army, and having laid waste all the 
country of the Ammonites, he went and besieged Rabba 



' 



Ch. XXI. I. CHRONICLES. 

while David abode at Jerusalem. And when Joab had smitten 

2 Rabba and demolished it, David took the crown of Molchom 
their king from his head, and the weight of it was found to be 
a talent of gold, and in it was a precious stone and it was on the 

3 head of David. And having brought out the spoils of the city 
which were very great, he brought out the people who were in 
it, and put them to saws and iron mattocks and among quar- 
ry men. And when David had done in this manner to all the 
Ammonites, he and all the people returned to Jerusalem. 

4 And after these things there was another battle at Gazer with 
the Philistines, in which Sobochai-sosathai smote Saphut a 

5 descendant of the giants and subdued him. There was also 
another battle with the Philistines, when Eleanan son of Jair 
smote Lachmai a brother of Goliath the Gethite, the staff of 

6 whose spear was like a weaver's beam. There was also another 
battle at Geth, and there was a man of great stature there, 
who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot, in 
all twenty four, and he also was a descendant of the giants, and 

7 he defied Israel ; but Jonathan son of Samaa, a brother of 

8 David, smote him. These were the descendants of Rapha at 
Geth. They were all four giants, and they fell by the hand of 
David and by the hand of his servants. 

XXI. Now when an adversaiy stood up in Israel and persuad- 
ed David to number Israel, and king David said to Joab and 

2 the chiefs of the army, Go, number Israel from Dan to Bersa- 

3 bee, and let me know the number of them, Joab replied, The 
Lord add to his people a hundred times as many as there are, 
and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. They are all 

4 servants to my lord. Why doth my lord seek this? May it not 
be a cause of trespass to Israel ? But the king's determination 
prevailed against Joab, so he went forth, and having passed 

5 through all Israel, and come to Jerusalem, he gave David an 
account of the review of the people, and the whole number of 
the men of Israel who drew a sword, was eleven hundred 
thousand, and the children of Juda were four hundred and 

6 seventy thousand men who drew a sword. But he did not 
number Levi and Benjamin among them. Because the king's 

7 word prevailed over Joab, and the thing was evil in the sight 
of God, therefore he smote Israel. 



Ch. XXI. I. CHRONICLES. 

8 When David said to God, I have sinned greatly in doing 
this, now therefore take away, I beseech thee, this wickedness 

9 of thy servant, for I have acted very foolishly, the Lord spoke 
to Gad, the seer, saying, Go, and speak to David, and say, 

10 Thus saith the Lord, I offer thee three things, chuse for thy- 

1 1 self one of them that I may do it to thee. So Gad went to Da- 

1 2 vid and said to him, Thus saith the Lord, Chuse for thyself 
either three years of famine ; or three months to flee before 
thy enemies while the sword of thy enemies is destroying 
thee ; or the sword of the Lord and pestilence for three days 
throughout the land, while an angel of the Lord is making 
havock in all the inheritance of Israel. Now therefore consider. 

13 What answer shall I make to him who sent me? Thereupon 
David said to Gad, Very hard indeed to me are all the three. 
Let me however fall into the hands of the Lord, for his tender 
mercies are exceeding great. But let me not fall into the hands 

14 of men. So the Lord sent a pestilence through Israel, and 

1 5 there fell of the Israelites seventy thousand men. And when 
God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it, and he was mak- 
ing havock, the Lord looked and relented at the calamity, and 
said to the destroying angel, Let this suffice thee. Stay thy 
hand. Now the angel of the Lord was standing at the thresh- 

16 ing floor of Orna, the Jebusite. And when David raised his 
eyes and saw the angel of the Lord standing between the earth 
and heaven, with a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over 
Jerusalem, he and all the elders being clad in sackcloth, fell on 

17 their faces, and David said to God, Was it not I who ordered 
the numbering of the people ? I indeed am the sinner. It is I 
who committed the sin. But as for this flock, what have they 
done ? Ο Lord my God, Let thy hand be upon me, and on 
my father's house, and not on this thy people, Ο Lord, to de- 

18 struction. Thereupon the angel of the Lord ordered Gad to 
tell David to go up and erect an altar to the Lord on the 

1 9 threshing floor of Orna the Jebusite. So David went up ac- 
cording to the word which Gad spoke in the name of the Lord. 

20 And when Orna turned and saw the king and his four sons with 
him, with attendants (now Orna was threshing wheat) upon Da- 

2 1 vid' s approach to Orna, Orna came out of his threshing floor and 

22 made obeisance to David with his face to the ground. And 



Ch. XXII. I. CHRONICLES. 

David said to Orna, Grant me the place of this threshing floor 
of thine, that I may build thereon an altar to the Lord — grant 
it to me for its worth in money, that the plague may be stayed 

23 from the people. And Orna said to David, Take it for thyself; and 
letmv Lord the king do what is good in his sight. Behold I have 
given these young bulls for a whole burnt offering, and that 
plough for wood, and this corn for a sacrifice. Of all these 

24 things 1 make a gift. And David said to Orna, By no means: 
for I must buy them for their worth in money. For I cannot 
take what are thine for the Lord, to oifer a whole burnt offer- 

25 ing to the Lord at free cost. So David gave Orna for the place 

26 six hundred shekels of gold by weight. And having built there 
an altar to the Lord, he offered up the offerings of homage and 
thanksgiving, and cried to the Lord, and the Lord hearkened 
to him by fire from heaven upon the altar of the whole burnt 

27 offering, which consumed the whole burnt offering. Then the 

28 Lord spoke to the angel and he sheathed his sword. When David 
saw that the Lord hearkened to him at the threshing floor of 

29 Orna the Jebusite, and that he had sacrificed there at that 
time, though the tabernacle of the Lord which Moses had 
made in the wilderness, and the altar for whole burnt offerings 
were at that time at the high place of Gabaon (now he could 

30 not go before it to inquire of God, for that would not have 
been answerable to the haste in which he was, on account of 

XXII. the sword of the angel of the Lord,) David said, This 
is the house of the Lord God, and this is the altar for whole 
burnt offerings for Israel. 

2 Then David ordered the strangers in the land of Israel 
to be assembled, and appointed stone cutters to cut hewn 

3 stones to build the house for God. He provided also iron in 
abundance for nails, for the doors and gates, and for hinges ; and 
brass in abundance, without weight, and cedar beams innumer- 

4 able; for the Sidonians and Tyrians, brought for David, cedar 

5 timber in abundance. And David said, My son Solomon is 
young and tender, and the house to be built for the Lord is 
for extraordinary grandeur, for renown and glory, through 
every land, I will make provision for it. So David provided 

-6 materials in abundance before his death. And he called Solo- 
mon his son, and gave him a charge, to build the house for 



Ch. XXII. I. CHRONICLES. 

7 the Lord God of Israel. And David said to Solomon, My son, 

8 it was in my mind to build a house for the name of the Lord God, 
when there came to me a word from the Lord saying, Thou 

9 hast shed much blood, and fought many battles, thou shalt 
not build a house for my name, because thou hast shed much 
blood on the earth before me. Behold a son shall be born 
to thee. He shall be a man of rest. I will give him rest 
from all his enemies round about. For his name shall be 
Solomon ; and I will give Israel peace and rest in his days. 

10 He shall build a house for my name. And he shall be to me 
a son ; and I will be to him a father. And I will establish the 

11 throne of his kingdom in Israel forever. Now therefore, my 
son, the Lord will be with thee, and will prosper thee, and 
thou shalt build a house for the Lord thy God, as he hath 

12 spoken concerning thee. Let but the Lord grant thee wisdom 
and understanding, and strengthen thee over Israel, that thou 

13 may st keep and perform the law of the Lord thy God ; then 
will he prosper thee, if thou be watchful to execute the sta- 
tutes, and judgments, which the Lord enjoined on Israel by 

14 Moses. Quit thyself like a man, and be strong. Fear not nor 
be dismayed. Now behold according to my poor ability I have 
provided for the house of the Lord a hundred talents of gold, 
and ten hundred talents of silver, and brass and iron without 

15 weight, because of their abundance. I have also provided 
timber and stones, but thou must add thereto. And thou 
must add to the number of workmen of whom there are with 

16 thee artists, and masons and carpenters and men skilled in 
every kind of work, of gold and silver and brass and iron, an 
innumerable number. Up therefore ; and fall to work. And 

17 the Lord be with thee. David also gave a charge to all the 

18 chiefs of Israel to assist his son Solomon, saying, Hath not 
the Lord been with you, and given you rest all around ? For 
he hath delivered into your hands the inhabitants of this land, 
and the land is subdued before the Lord, and before his peo- 

19 pie. Now therefore apply your hearts, and your souls to seek 
the Lord your God and arise and build a sanctuary for your 
God, that you may carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, 
and the holy vessels of God, into the house to be built for the 
name of the Lord. 

VOL. II. β b 



Ch. XXIII. I. CHRONICLES. 

XXIII. When David was old and full of days, and had made 
Solomon his son king over Israel in his stead, then he assem- 

2 bled all the chiefs of Israel, and the priests and the Levites, 

3 and the Levites were numbered, from thirty years old and 
upwards ; and the number of them by their poll, amounted to 

4 thirty eight thousand men. Of these, twenty four thousand 
Were for the works for the house of the Lord ; and six thou- 
sand were scribes and judges; and four thousand were guards 

5 of the gates, and four thousand were to praise the Lord with 
musical instruments, which he had made for praising the Lord. 

6 And David distributed them into daily classes, under the 

7 heads of Gerson, Kaath and Merari, the sons of Levi. Now 

8 to Gerson belonged Eclati and Semei ; the sons of Edan, were 

9 chief Jeiel, and Zethan and Joel, three : the sons of Semei, 

10 were Salomith, Jeiel and Dan, three. Those "were the chiefs 
of the families of the Edanites ; but the Semeites, had also 

11 Jeth and Ziza, and Joas and Beria ; these four were sons of 
Semei, and Jeth was the chief and Ziza the second, and Joas 
and Beria not having many children were comprehended in 

12 one muster, for a house of a family. And the sons of Kaath 

13 were Ambram, Issaar, Chebron, Oziel ; four. The sons of 
Ambram were Aaron and Moses. Now Aaron was set apart 
for the sanctification of the most holy things, he and ;his sons, 
to burn incense before the Lord, to minister in the priest's 

14 office, and to bless in his name forever. But as for Moses the 

15 man of God, his sons were classed in the tribe of Levi. The 
sons of Moses, were Gersam and Eliezer. Of the Gersam- 
ites, Subael was chief, and of the Eliezerites, Rabia was chief. 
Now Eliezer had no other sons ; but the sons of Rabia were 

18 increased to a multitude. The sons of Issaar, were Salomith 

19 the chief. The sons of Chebron, were Jeria the chief, Amaria 

20 the second, Jeziel the third, Jekemias the fourth. The sons 
of Oziel, were Micha the chief and Isiathe second. 

21 The sons of Merari were Mooli and Mousi. The sons of 

22 Mooli were Eleazar and Kis. Now Eleazar died, and left no 
sons, but only daughters. So the sons of Kis, their brethren, 

23 took them. The sons of Mousi were Mouli and Eder and 

24 Jerimoth, three. These are the sons of Levi, according to the 
houses of their patriarchal families•. The chiefs of these fami- 



Ch. XXIV. I. CHRONICLES. 

lies, according to the review of them, according to the num- 
ber of their names, were polled to perform the works of the 
service of the house of the Lord, from twenty years old and 

25 upwards. For David said, The Lord God of Israel hath given 

26 his people rest and fixed his abode in Jerusalem forever. So 
the Lcvitesnot having to carry the tabernacle and all the uten- 

27 sils thereof for its service ; for this cause by these last orders 

28 of David, the Levites are numbered from twenty years old 
and upwards, for he set them under the superintendance of 
Aaron to serve in the house of the Lord, over the courts and 
over the store houses and over the purification of all the holy 

29 things, and over the work of the service of the house of God, 
and for the shew bread, and for the fine flour of the sacrifice 
and for the unleavened cakes, and for the frying pan, and the 
mixed sacrifice, and for all kinds of measuring, and to stand 

30 every morning to sing praises, and give thanks to the Lord, 

31 and the same every evening: and to have charge of all the 
offerings of homage made to the Lord, on the sabbaths and at 
the new moons, and at the festivals according to the number, 
and according to the rule prescribed for them, continually for 

32 the Lord. And they are to keep the watch of the tabernacle 
of the testimony, and to guard the sanctuary, and to guard 
the sons of Aaron, their brethren, that they may minister as 
priests, in the house of the Lord. 

XXIV. Now with regard to the sons of Aaron in the line of 

2 Nadab and of Abiud, and of Eleazar and of Ithamar. — As 
Nadab and Abiud died in the presence of their father and had 
no sons; and Eleazar and Ithamar had officiated as priests; 

3 David classed Sadok at the head of the sons of Eleazar, and 
Achimelech at the head of the sons of Ithamar, according to 
the review of them according to their service, according to 

4 the houses of their families. And as the Eleazarites were found 
to be more numerous for chiefs of mighty men than the sons 
of Ithamar, therefore he distributed them — for the sons of 

• Eleazar sixteen chiefs for houses of families, and for the sons 

5 of Ithamar chiefs for eight houses of families. These he distri- 
buted by lot, one with the other. Because there were chiefs of 
the holies, and chiefs of the Lord, among the sons of Eleazar 
and among the sons of Ithamar, therefore in the pressnee of the 



Ch. XXV. I. CHRONICLES. 

king and the chiefs, Samaias son of Nathaniel, the muster 
master of the Levites, wrote down Sadok the priest and Achi- 
melech son of Abiathar, and the chiefs of the families of the 
priests and the Levites, a chief of a house of families alternate- 
ly, one for Eleazar and one for Ithamar, and the first lot came 
7 out for Joarim ; the second for Jedia ; the third for Charib ; the 
fourth for Seorim ; the fifth for Melchias ; the sixth for Meia- 
min ; the seventh for Kos ; the eighth for Abia ; the ninth for 
Jesus ; the tenth for Sechenias ; the eleventh for Eliabi ; the 
twelfth for Jakim ; the thirteenth for Oppha ; the fourteenth 
for Jesbaal ; the fifteenth for Belga ; the sixteenth for Emmer ; 
the seventeenth for Chesin ; the eighteenth for Aphese ; the 
nineteenth for Phetaia ; the twentieth for Ezekel ; the twenty 
first for Achim ; the twenty second for Gamul ; the twenty 

19 third for Adallai ; the twenty fourth for Maasai. This was the 
review of them according to their service, to go into the house 
of the Lord according to the rule prescribed for them, under 
the inspection of Aaron their father, as the Lord God of Israel 
commanded Moses. 

20 And for the rest of the Levites — for the Ambramites, So- 
bael ; for the sons of Sobael, Jedia ; for the Rabiates, the chief. 

22 For the Isaarites Sulomoth, for the sons of Salomoth, Jath ; 

23 the sons of Ekdiu ; Amadia the second ; Jaziel the third ; Jek- 

24 moam the fourth. For the Ozielites, Micha ; for the sons of 

25 Micha, Samer ; the brother of Micha, Isia ; the sons of Isia, 
20 Sach;;ria ; the Merarites Mooli and Mousi — the sons of Ozia, 

27 to whom belonged the title Merarite ; his sons Isoam ; and 

28 Sakchur, and Abai; for Mooli, Eleazar and Ithamar, now 

29 Eleazar died and had no sons, for him Kis ; the sons of Kis, 

30 Jerameel ; the sons of Mousi, Mooli and Eder and Jerimoth, 

31 these sons of the Levites according to the houses of their fami- 
lies — they also drew lots as their brethren the sons of Aaron 
did, in the presence of the king and of Sadok and Achimelech, 
the senior chiefs of the families both of the priests and the Le- 
vites submitting to the lot equally with their younger brethren. 

XXV. Then David the king with the chiefs of this host, ap- 
pointed to their services the sons of Asaph and Aiman and Idi- 
thun, who chanted with kinyras and with nablas and with cym- 
bals, and an account was taken by poll of those employed in 



Ch. XXV. I. CHRONICLES. 

2 these services. The sons of Asaph were Zakchur and Joseph, 
and Nathanias and Erael. The sons of Asaph were near the 

3 king. With Idithun were the sons of Idithun, Godolias and 
Suri, and Iseas and Asabias, and Matthathias, six after their 
father Idithun, chanting on kinyras thanksgiving and praise 

4 to the Lord. With Aiman were the sons of Aiman, Bukias 
and Matthanias, and Oziel and Subael, and Jerimoth and 
Ananias, and Anan and Eliatha, and Godollathi and Romet- 
thiezer, and Jeshasaka and Melithi, and Otheri and Meazoth. 

5 All these sons Aiman had with him when he commenced a 
psalm for the king in the words of God. To exalt the horn 
God indeed had given Aiman fourteen sons and three daugh- 

6 ters. All these with their father, sung in the house of God to 
cymbals and nablas and kinyras, for the service of the house of 

7 God near the king, with Asaph and Idithun and Aiman. And the 
number of them, including younger brethren, who were in- 
structed to sing to the Lord, even all who were skilled, was 

8 two hundred and eighty eight. And they cast lots for their 
daily courses, as well the younger as the senior, both teachers 

9 and scholars. And the lot which came out the first of his sons 
and his brethren for Asaph was that of Joseph, namely Godo- 

10 lias; the second Henia, his sons and brethren, twelve ; the third 
Zakchur his sons and brethren, twelve ; the fourth Jesn, his 
sons and brethren, twelve ; the fifth Nathan, his sons and bre- 
thren, twelve ; the sixth Bukias, his sons and brethren, twelve; 

15 the seventh Iseriel, his sons and brethren, twelve ; the eighth 
Josia, his sons and brethren, twelve ; the ninth Matthanias, his 
sons and brethren, twelve ; the tenth Semeia, his sons and 
brethren, twelve ; the eleventh Asriel, his sons and brethren, 
twelve ; the twelfth Asabia, his sons and brethren, twelve ; the 

20 thirteenth Subael, his sons and brethren twelve ; the fourteenth 
Matthathias his sons and brethren, twelve; the fifteenth Jeri- 
moth, his sons and brethren, twelve ; the sixteenth Anania, 
his sons and brethren, twelve; the seventeenth Jesbasaka, his 

25 sons and brethren, twelve ; the eighteenth Ananias, his sons 
and brethren, twelve ; the nineteenth Mellithi, his sons and 
brethren, twelve ; the twentieth Eliatha, his sons and brethren, 
twelve ; the twenty first Otheri, his sons and brethren, twelve; 
the twenty second Godollathi, his sons and brethren, twelve ; 



Ch. XXVI. I. CHRONICLES. 

SO the twenty third Meazoth, his sons and brethren, twelve ; the 
twenty fourth Rometthiezer, his sons and brethren, twelve. 

XXVI. And for the guards of the gates were the Korites, 
Mosellamia of the sons of Asaph; and for Mosellamia were 
Son Zacharias the first born, Jadiel the second, Zabadia the 
third, Jenuel the fourth, Jolam the fifth, Jonathan the sixth, 
4 Elionai the seventh, Abdedom the eighth ; and the sons of 
Abdedom were, Samaias the first born, Jozabath the second, 
Joath the third, Sachar the fourth, Nathaniel the fifth, Amiel 
6 the sixth, Issachar the seventh, Philathi the eighth ; because 
God had blessed him, therefore for Samia his son, there were 
born, sons of his first born, Rosai, to make his a patriarchal 
house, because the Samaites had heads of families, namely 
Othni and Raphael, and Obed and Elzabeth, and Achiud, 
mighty sons, Eliu and Sabachia, and Isbakom, all descendants 
of the sons of Abdedom, they and their sons and their brethren, 
acting as heads of families in the service. All the sons of Ab- 
dedom were sixty two. And the sons of Mosellamia with their 

10 brethren, were eighteen heads of families. Osa, also of the 
children of Merari, had sons who kept up his chieftancy. 
Because he was not first born, therefore his father made him 
chief of the second branch. Chelkias was the second, Tablai 
the third, Zacharias the fourth. All the sons and brethren of 
Osa were thirteen. 

12 Among these the gates were distributed, the heads of 
families having daily courses like their brethren, to do service 

13 in the house of the Lord. And they cast lots, the junior as 
well as the senior, according to the houses of their families for 

14 their respective gates. And the lot for the eastern gate fell to 
Selemia and Zacharias. The sons of Joaz having cast lots, the 
north gate fell to Melchia ; and to Abdedom the south gate 

15 over against the house of Esephim ; to Osa that to the west, 

16 behind the gate of the chamber of ascent, guard being over 

17 against guard. Eastward there were six a day, northward four 
a day, southward four a day, and two for Esephim to relieve 

18 each other ; and for Osa westward behind the gate of the 
chamber, three, a watch over against the watch of the ascent. 
On the east six a day, and on the north four, and on the south 

19 four, and at Esephim two to relieve each other, and at the west 



Ch. XXVI. I. CHRONICLES. 

foiir, and for the causeway two to relieve each other. These dis- 
tributions of the guards of the gates were among the Korites 
and the Merarites. 

20 And with regard to the Levites their brethren, who were 
over the treasures of the house of the Lord and over the trea- 
sures of dedicated things, these were Ladanites, the sons of 

21 Ladan the Gersonite — the heads of families belonging to La- 
dan. To Ladan the Gersonite belonged Jeiel, the sons of 

22 Jeiel — Zethom and Joel. These brethren were over the trea- 
sures of the house of the Lord. 

23 With respect to the Ambramites and Isaarites, Chebronltes 
and Ozielites — Subael son of Gersam, son of Moses, was over 
the treasures. And to his brother Eliezer belonged Rabias a 

26 son, and Josias and Joram, and Zechri and Salomoth. This 
Salomoth and his brethren were over the treasures of the dedi- 
cated things, which were dedicated by David the king and by 
the chiefs of families, the captains of thousands and captains 
of hundreds, and generals of the army, which they had taken 

27 from the cities and from the spoils won in battle, and of s which 
they had dedicated a part, that the building of the house of God 

2'8 might not be delayed. They had the charge also of all the de- 
dications made to God by Samuel the prophet, and by Saul 
son of Kis, and by Abenner son of Ner, and by Joab son of 
Saruia. All that they dedicated was under the care of Salo- 

29 moth and his brethren. Of the Issaarites, Chonenia and sons 
had the charge of the business abroad over Israel, to act as 

30 scribes and judges. And of the Chebronites, Asabias and his 
brethren, heads of subordinate families, amounting to seven- 
teen hundred, had the oversight of Israel on the western bank 
of the Jordan, for every service of the Lord and every work of 

31 the king. With regard to the Ozielites, Ourias was the chief 
of the Ozielites, according to their genealogies by families. 

32 In the fortieth year of the king's reign they were reviewed, and 
the head man among them was found at Jazer of Galaaditis. 
And his brethren, the heads of subordinate families, were two 
thousand seven hundred. And king David set them over the 
Reubenites and the Gadites, and the half of the tribe of Ma- 
nasses, for every ordinance of the Lord and every affair of the 
king. 



Ch. XXVII. I. CHRONICLES. 

XXVII. With regard to the sons of Israel according to their 
number, the chiefs of the families, the captains of thousands and 
the captains of hundreds, and the muster masters — these at- 
tended the king, and were ready at every call of the king in 
divisions, coming in and going out, month after month, each 

2 division consisting of twenty four thousand. And over the 
first division for the first month was Isboaz son of Zabdiel— «• 

3 over his division of twenty four thousand. He being chief of 
the sons of Phares, was the chief of all the chiefs of the army 

4 of the first month. And over the division of the second month 
was Dodia the Elchochite, and over this division of his was 
also Makelloth the leader of this division of his, which con- 
sisted of twenty four thousand ; they were chiefs of the army. 

5 The third for the third month was Banaias son of Jodae, who, 
though a priest, was the chief over this division of his which 

6 consisted of twenty four thousand. This Banaias was higher 
in rank than the thirty, and over the thirty. And over this di- 

7 vision of his was Zabad his son. The fourth for the fourth 
month was Asael the brother of Joab. And Zabadias his son, 
and his brothers, were over this division of his which consisted 

8 of twenty four thousand. The fifth for the fifth month was the 
leader Samaoth the Jesraite, he was over his division of twenty 

9 four thousand. The sixth for the sixth month was Oduiag 
of Ekkes the Thekoite, he was over his division of twenty 

10 four thousand. The seventh for the seventh month was Chel- 
les of Phallus, of the sons of Ephraim, he was over his divi- 

11 sion of twenty four thousand. The eighth for the eighth month 
was Sobochai the Ousathite, a house of the Zaraites ; he was 

12 over his division of twenty four thousand. The ninth for the 
ninth month was Abiezer of Anathoth, of the land of Benja- 

13 min, he was over his division of twenty four thousand. The 
tenth for the tenth month was Meera the Netophathite, a house 
of the Zaraites ; he was over his division of twenty four thou- 

14 sand. The eleventh for the eleventh month was Banaias the 
Pharathonite, of the sons of Ephraim ; he was over his divi- 

15 sion of twenty four thousand. The twelfth for the twelfth 
month was Choldia the Netophathite, a house belonging to 
Gothoniel ; he was over his division of twenty four thousand. 

16 And over the tribes of Israel — Over Reuben, Eliezer the 



Ch. XXVIII. I. CHRONICLES. 

son of Zechri was ruler ; over Symeon, Saphatias the son of 
Maachi ; over Levi, Asabias the son of Kamuel ; over the 
Aaronites, Sadok ; over Juda, Eliab, David's eldest brother ; 
over Issachar, Ambri the son of Michael ; over Zabulon, Sama- 
ias the son of Abdiu ; over Nephthaleim, Jerimoth the son of 
Oziel ; over Ephraim, Ose the son of Oziu ; over the half of 
the tribe of Manasses, Joel the son of Phadaia ; over the half 
of the tribe of Manasses in the land of Galaad, Jadai the son 
of Zadaiu ; over the Benjaminites, Jasiel the son of Abenner ; 
over Dan, Azariel the son of Iroab. These were the rulers of 

23 the tribes of Israel. But David did not take the number of 
them from twenty years old and under, because the Lord said, 

24 he would multiply Israel like the stars of heaven. When Joab 
the son of Saruia, began to number the people, though he did 
not finish it, there was wrath for it on Israel, so that the num- 
ber was not set down in the journal of king David. 

25 And over the treasures of the king was Asmoth the son 
of Odiel. And over his stores in the country, and in the towns, 

26 and in the villages, and in the castles, was Jonathan the son of 
.Oziu ; and over the husbandmen who tilled the ground was 

27 Esdri the son of Chelub ; and over the fields, Semei the 
Raelite ; and over the stores of wine in the vineyards Sabdi the 

28 son of Sephni ; and over the olive yards and sycamine orchards in 
the plains, Ballanan the Gedorite : and over the stores of oil, 

29 Joas ; and over the herds which pastured at Sharon, Satrai the 
Saronite ; and over the cattle in the vales, Sophat the son of 

30 Adli ; and over the camels, Abias the Ismaelite ; and over 
the asses, Jadias the Merathonite ; and over the flocks, Jaziz 

31 the Agarite. All these were overseers of David's substance. 

32 And Jonathan David's uncle was a counsellor, a wise man, 
and Jeel and the son of Achami were with the king's sons. 

33 Achitophel was a counsellor of the king. Now Chusi the king's 
friend was the first, and after him Achitophel, next Jodae the 
son of Banaias, then Abiathar and Joab the king's captain 
general. 

XXVIII. When David had assembled all the chiefs of Israel, 
the chiefs of the judges, and all the chiefs of the divisions 
which attended the king's person in courses, and the chiefs 
over the thousands, and the chiefs over the hundreds, and thr 

VOL. II. c c 



Ch. XXVIII. I. CHRONICLES. 

treasurers, and them who were entrusted with the care of the 

king's substance, and of all his possessions, and of his children, 

U "with the chamberlains and the worthies and the soldiers of the 

. army at Jerusalem, he stood up in the midst of the assembly 

and said, Hear me, my brethren and my people, I had it on my 

mind to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the 

Lord, and a place for the feet of our Lord, and had provided 

. 3 what were suitable for the building ; but God said, Thou 

shalt not build a house for me, to be called by my name ; for 

4 thou art a warrior and hast shed much blood. Now the Lord 
God of Israel chose me in preference to all my father's house 
to be king over Israel forever. As he chose the royalty in Ju- 
da, and my father's house out of the house of Juda and among 
the sons of my father, it was his pleasure that I should be king 

5 over all Israel; so in preference to all my sons, for the Lord 
hath given me many sons, he hath made choice of my son So- 
lomon, to set him on the throne of the Lord's kingdom, over 

6 Israel. And God hath said to me, Thy son Solomon shall build 
my house, and my court ; for I have chosen him to be my son, 

7 and I will be to him a father ; and I will establish his kingdom 
forever, provided he exert his power to keep my command- 

8 ments and my judgments as at this day. Now therefore, in the 
presence of all the congregation of the Lord, and in the audi- 
ence of our GOd, I adjure you to keep and to seek all the com- 
mandments of the Lord our God, that you may possess this 
good land and leave it for an inheritance for your children 
after you forever. 

9 And now, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy fa- 
thers, and serve him with a perfect heart and a willing mind ; 
for the Lord searcheth all hearts and knoweth every thought. 
If thou seek him, he will be found by thee ; but if thou forsake 

10 him, he will at last forsake thee. Observe now, since the Lord 
hath chosen thee to build a house for him for a sanctuary, be 
strong and do it. 

1 1 Then David gave his son Solomon the model of the tem- 
ple, and its houses and its treasuries, and of the upper chambers 
and the inner depositories, and of the house for the propitiation.; 

12 and the plan which he had in his mind of the courts of the 
house of the Lord, and of all the chambers round about — 
those for store houses for the house of the Lord ; and of the 



Ch. XXIX. I. CHRONICLES. 

13 depositories for the holy things, and the lodging rooms ; and 
of the daily courses of the priests and the Levites, for all the 
work of the service of the house of the Lord ; and of the depo- 
sitories for the vessels used in the service of the house of the 

14 Lord ; and the exact weight of these vessels, whether made 

15 of gold or of silver. He gave him the weight of the candle- 

16 sticks and of the lamps. He gave him likewise the weight of 
the tables for the shew bread — of every table made of gold, 

17 and likewise of those to be made of silver; and of the flesh 
forks and the libation cups, and of the cups of gold — the 
weight both of those to be made of gold and of those to be 
made of silver ; and of the censers, of each its several weight ; 

18 and pointed out to him the weight of the utensils of the altar 
of incense, which was to be of pure gold; and the model of the 
chariot of the cherubims with expanded wings, which over- 

19 shadow the ark of the covenant of the Lord. All these David 
gave to Solomon in a drawing of the hand of the Lord, accord- 
ing to the knowledge given him of the workmanship of the 

20 model. Then David said to his son Solomon, Be strong and 
of good courage and do the work. Fear not nor be dismayed; 
for the Lord my God is with thee. He will not leave thee nor 
forsake thee, till thou hast finished all the work for the service 
of the house of the Lord. And behold this is the model of the 
temple, and of his house and his treasury, and the upper rooms 
and the inner depositories, and the house of the propitiation — 

21 even the model of the house of the Lord. And these are the 
courses of the priests and the Levites, for all the service of the 
house of the Lord. And there will be with thee for the work, 
every artist skilled in every art, and all the chiefs and all the 
people to execute all thy commands. 

XXIX. Then king David said to all the congregation, My 
son Solomon whom the Lord hath chosen, is young and tender, 
and the work is great ; for it is not for man but for the Lord 

2 God. According to my utmost ability I have provided for the 
house of my God, gold, silver, brass, iron, wood, stones of 
Soam, and stones to be set, precious and variegated, every 
kind of precious stones, and Parian marble in abundance. 

3 Moreover, because I have set my affection on the house of my 
God, the gold and silver which I kept for myself, behold this 



Ch. XXIX. I. CHRONICLES. 

I have given for the house of my God, over and above what 

4 I provided for the house of the Holies ; three thousand talents 
of the gold of Souphir, and seven thousand talents of pure sil- 
ver, for overlaying therewith the walls of the sanctuary, the 
gold for that to be done with gold, and the silver for that 
to be done with silver, and for every work to be made by 

5 the hand of artists. Now let every one who is so inclined fill 
his hands this day for the Lord. 

6 Thereupon the chiefs of families, and the chiefs of the sons 
of Israel, and the captains of thousands, and the captains of hun- 
dreds, and the overseers of the king's works and his builders, 

7 were liberally disposed, and gave for the works of the house of 
the Lord five thousand talents and ten thousand pieces of gold, 
and ten thousand talents of silver, and eighteen thousand talents 

8 of brass, and a hundred thousand talents of iron. And they who 
had precious stones gave them for the treasures of die house of 
the Lord which were under the care of Jeiel the Gersonite. 

9 And the people were rejoiced at this readiness, for with a per- 

10 feet heart they gave liberally to the Lord. And David the king 
was exceedingly rejoiced, and blessed the Lord in the presence 
of the assembly, saying, Blessed art thou Ο Lord God of Is- 

11 rael, our Father, from everlasting to everlasting. To thee, Ο 
Lord, be ascribed greatness, and power, and exultation, and vic- 
tory, and majesty ; for thou hast dominion over all things in hea- 
ven and on earth. At thy presence every king and nation is 

12 struck with awe. From thee come riches and glory. Thou, Ο 
Lord, rulest over all. Thou art the head of all dominion, and 
in thy hand is majesty and power. And by thy hand, Ο Al- 

13 mighty Sovereign, all things are made great and strong. Now 
therefore, Ο Lord, to thee we render thanks ; and we praise thy 

14 glorious name. But who am I, and what is my people, that we 
should be enabled to shew such liberality to thee. For all things 

15 are thine and of thine own we have given thee. For we before 
thee are strangers and sojourners as all our fathers were. Our 
days on earth are like a shadow and there is no fixed abiding. 

16 Ο Lord our God, all this store which I have provided for 
building a house to thy holy name is from thy bounty, and be- 

17 longeth all to thee. As I know, Ο Lord, that thou triest hearts 
and lovest righteousness, I have with singleness of heart freely 



Ch. XXIX. I. CHRONICLES. 

offered all these things, and have now seen with joy all thy peo- 

18 pie who are here present freely offering to thee. Ο Lord, the 
God of Abraham and Isaak and Israel our fathers, keep these 
things forever in the thoughts of the hearts of thy people and 

19 direct their hearts to thee, and give to my son Solomon a good 
heart to execute all thy commandments, and thy testimonies, 
and thy statutes, and that he may finish completely the struc- 
ture of thy house. 

20 Then David said to all the congregation, Bless ye the Lord 
our God. And all the congregation blessed the Lord the God of 
their fathers, and with bended knees made a reverence to the 

21 Lord and to the king. And on the morrow of the first day, when 
David had offered up whole burnt offerings to God, he sacrific- 
ed as thank offerings to the Lord a thousand young bulls, a thou- 
sand rams, a thousand lambs with their libations, and sacrifices 

22 in abundance for all Israel. And having eaten and drunk that 
day with gladness before the Lord, they proclaimed Solomon 
son of David king a second time, and anointed him to be king 

23 for the Lord, and Sadok to be priest. So Solomon sat on the 
throne of his father David and prospered, and all Israel obeyed 

24 him. The chiefs, and the men in authority, and all the sons of 

25 king David his father were subject to him, and the Lord mag- 
nified Solomon over all Israel, and gave him royal glory, such 
as no king had before him. 

26 When David son of Jessai had reigned over Israel forty 

27 years — seven years at Chebron and thirty three at Jerusalem, 

28 he died at a good old age, full of days, riches and glory. And 
Solomon his son reigned in his stead. 

29 Now the rest of the acts of David, the first and the last, are 
written among the words of Samuel the seer, and in the words 
of Nathan the prophet, and in the words of Gad the seer, touch- 
ing all his reign, and his mighty power, and the times which 
happened to him, and to Israel, and to all the kingdoms of the 
land. 

II. CHRONICLES, OR PARALIPOMENON. 

When the authority of Solomon son of David was firmly 
established over his kingdom, and the Lord his God, being with 



Ch. I. II. CHRONICLES. 

2 him, had magnified him exceedingly, Solomon spoke to all Is- 
rael, to the captains of thousands and the captains of hundreds 
and to the judges and to all the chiefs before Israel, namely the 

3 heads of the patriarchal families ; and he and all the congrega- 
tion went to the high place at Gabaon, at which place was the 
tabernacle of the testimony of God, which Moses the servant 

4 of the Lord had made in the wilderness. (But David had 
brought the ark of God from the city Kariathiarim, for he had 
provided for it — for he had erected for it a tabernacle at Jeru- 

5 salem.) The brasen altar also, which Beseleel son of Ourias 
son of Or had made, was there before the tabernacle of the 
Lord. To this therefore Solomon and the congregation repair- 

6 ed. And he made an offering there on the brasen altar before 
the Lord, on that at the tabernacle. And when he had offered 

7 upon it a thousand victims God appeared to Solomon that night 

8 and said to him, Ask what I shall give thee. Thereupon Solo- 
mon said to God, Thou hast shewn great kindness to my fa- 
ther David, and hast made me king in his stead, now therefore, 

9 Ο Lord my God, let thy name I beseech thee be established on 
my father David. Seeing thou hast made me king over a peo- 

10 pie numerous as the dust of the earth, grant me now wisdom 
and understanding that I may go out and come in before this 
people; for who can judge this thy people which is so great? 

1 1 And God said to Solomon, Because this hath been in thy heart ; 
and thou hast not asked wealth nor glory nor the life of thy 
enemies ; nor even asked long life ; but hast asked for thyself 
wisdom and understanding that thou mayst judge my people 

12 over whom I have made thee king: Wisdom and understand- 
ing I now giye thee : And I will give thee riches and wealth 
and glory, such as none of the kings who were before thee have 
had ; nor shall any after thee have the like. 

13 Then Solomon came to Jerusalem, from the high place at 
Gabaon, which is before the tabernacle . of the testimony ; and 

14 reigned over Israel. And Solomon collected chariots, and 
horsemen, and he had fourteen hundred chariots, and twelve 
thousand horsemen. Those he left in the chariot cities ; but 

15 the people were with the king in Jerusalem. And the king 
made silver and gold as plenteous at Jerusalem as stones ; 
and cedars in Judea, like the sykamine trees in the plain for 



Ch. Π. II. CHRONICLES. 

16 abundance. Now Solomon's horses came up out of Egypt : 
and this was the price allowed to the king's merchants for 

17 going. They purchased, and came up, and brought out of 
Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse 
for a hundred and fifty. And at that rate they were brought 
for all the kings of the Chettites, and by their means for the 
kings of Syria. 

II. Solomon having determined to build a house for the name 

2 of the Lord, and a house for his kingdom, collected seventy 
thousand men to carry burthens, and eighty thousand hewers 
of stone on the mountains ; and the overseers over them, were 

3 three thousand six hundred. And Solomon sent to Chiram, 
king of Tyre, saying, As thou hast dealt with my father Da- 

4 vid and sent him cedar to build himself a house to dwell in ; 
behold I his son am going to build a house for the name of 
the Lord my God, to be dedicated to him, that I may burn 
incense before him, and set bread continually in his presence, 
and that I may offer whole burnt offerings continually, morn- 
ing and evening, and on the sabbaths, and at the new moons 
and festivals of the Lord our God ; this being an ordinance 

5 forever to Israel. And as the house which I am going to build 
is great ; for great is the Lord our God above all gods, and 

6 who is able to build a house for him ? For the heaven and the 
heaven of heavens, cannot contain his glory ; who then am I, 
that I should build a house for him, save only to burn incense 

7 before him ? Now therefore send me a man wise and skilled 
in working up gold and silver, and brass and iron, and pur- 
ple and scarlet and blue, and who can engrave skilfully with 
the skilful men who are with me in Jerusalem, those materials 

8 which my father hath provided. Send me also cedar and cy- 
press and pine timber, from Libanus. As I know how expert 
thy servants are in cutting timber from Libanus, let thy ser- 

9 vants therefore go with my servants, to provide me timber in 
plenty : for the house which I am going to build, is to be great 

10 and glorious. Now behold, I have assigned provisions for the 
workmen who cut the timber, food for thy servants, twenty 
thousand cores of wheat, and twenty thousand cores of bar- 
ley, and twenty thousand measures of wine, and twenty thou- 

11 sand measures of oil. To this Chiram king of Tyre replied 



Ch. III. II. CHRONICLES. 

in writing, and sent to Solomon, saying, Because the Lord 

12 loved his people, he hath made thee king over them. More- 
over Chiram said, Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel, who 
made the heaven and the earth, who hath given king David, 
a wise son endued with knowledge and understanding, to 

13 build a house for the Lord and a house for his kingdom. Now 
therefore I have sent thee a man of wisdom and understand- 

14 ing, named after my father Chiram. His mother was one of 
the daughters of Dan, but his father was a Tyrian. He is skill- 
ed in working up gold and silver, and brass and iron, and 
stones and wood ; and in weaving purple and blue yarn, and 
cotton, and with scarlet ; and engraving and executing every 
device to which thou shalt put him with thy artists, and the 

15 artists of my lord David, thy father. And with regard to the 

16 wheat and the barley and the oil and the wine, which my lord 
hath mentioned, let him send them to his servants, and we 
will cut timber from Libanus, as much as thou shalt want, and 
send it in floats by water to Joppa, that thou mayst convey it 
to Jerusalem. 

17 When Solomon assembled all the strangers who were in 
the land of Israel, after the numbering which his father Da- 
vid had made of them, they were found to amount to a hun- 

18 dred and fifty three thousand six hundred. So of these he ap- 
pointed seventy thousand to carry burdens, and eighty thou- 
sand to hew stones, and three thousand six hundred to be 
overseers, to keep the people to work. 

III. At length Solomon began building the house of the Lord 
at Jerusalem, on mount Amoria, where the Lord appeared 
to his father David ; in the place which David had prepared 

2 at the threshing floor of Orna, the Jebusite. He began build- 

3 ing in the second month, in the fourth year of his reign. And 
these were the mensurations, with which Solomon began to 
build the house of God. The first measurement was in length 

4 sixty cubits, and in breadth twenty cubits, including an ailam 
in front of the house of the same breadth, as that of the house, 
twenty cubits, and the height of which was a hundred and 
twenty cubits. And he overlaid the house on the inside, with 

5 pure gold. When he had wainscotted this great house with 
planks of cedar, he overlaid them with pure gold, and en- 



Ch. IV. II. CHRONICLES. 

graved upon it, palm trees and chains, and he adorned the 

6 house with precious stones for glory, and gilded it with the 

7 choicest gold from Pharuim ; and having gilded the house, 
both the walls and the gates, and the vaulted ceilings, and the 

8 doors, with gold, he engraved cherubims on the walls. And 
he made the house of the Holy of Holies. Its breadth was in 
front, the same as that of the house, twenty cubits and its 
length twenty cubits ; and he overlaid it for cherubims, with 

9 pure gold, to the amount of six hundred talents ; and with 
regard to the weight of the nails, each nail weighed fifty- she- 

10 kels of gold. The upper chamber he overlaid with gold. And 
in this house, namely in the Holy of Holies, he made two che- 
rubims, a workmanship of wood, and overlaid them with gold. 

11 The extent of the wings of the cherubims was twenty cubits, 
one wing of five cubits touching the wall of the house, and 
the other wing of five cubits, touching the wing of the other 

13 cherubim reciprocally ; so that the wings of the cherubims, 
were expanded twenty cubits, and they stood upon their feet 

14 and their faces were towards the house. And he made the veil 
of blue and purple and scarlet and cotton yarn, and wove che- 

15 rubims therein. And he made before the house two pillars thir- 

16 ty five cubits high, including the chapiters of five cubits. And 
he made net works and put them on the chapiters of the pillars, 
and he made a hundred pomegranates, and fixed them to the 

17 net works. And he reared up the pillars in front of the tem- 
ple, one on the right, and one on the left, and he called the 
name of that on the right Rectitude, and the name of that on 
the left, Strength. 

IV. And he made an altar of brass, the length of it was twenty 
cubits and the breadth twenty cubits and the height ten cubits. 

2 And he made the molten sea, ten cubits the diameter, with a 
border round about, and five cubits the height and thirty cu- 

3 bits the circumference. And under the border was the simili- 
tude of oxen which encompass it round about. Ten to a cubit 
encompass the laver all around. It stood upon twelve beeves. 

4 In casting the beeves they were made of two kinds. Three 
faced the north and three faced the west and three faced the 

5 south and three faced the east. Upon these the sea stood. And 
their hinder parts were inwards. And the thickness of the ? ea 

VOL. II. r>d 



Ch. IV. II. CHRONICLES. 

was a hand breadth, and its brim like the brim of a cup was en- 
graved with flowers of a lilly. And it contained three thousand 

6 measures. And when he had finished it he made ten lavers and 
set five on the right and five on the left for washing in them the 
things pertaining to the whole burnt offerings, and for rinsing 

7 in them. But the sea was for the priests to wash in. He made 
also the ten candlesticks of gold according to the pattern there- 
of and put them in the temple, five on the right and five on the 

8 left. And he made ten tables and set them in the temple, five 

9 on the right and five on the left. And he made a hundred gold- 
en cups. He made also the court of the priests, and the great 
court, and the gates for the court. And their doors were over- 

10 laid with brass. And he placed the sea at the corner of the 

11 house on the right so as to be over against the east. Then 
Chiram made the flesh forks, and the censers, and the grate of 

12 the altar, and all the utensils thereof. And when Chiram had 
finished all the work which he made for king Solomon for the 
house of God — the two pillars and the ornaments on the chapi- 
ters of the pillars, and the two pieces of net work to cover the 
ornaments which were on the chapiters of the pillars, and four 
hundred little bells for the two pieces of net work, and the two 
kinds of pomegranates for each piece of net work which was 

14 to cover the ornaments upon the pillars, and had made the ten 
mechonoths, and the lavers for the mechonoths, and the sea with 

15 the twelve beeves under it, and the cauldrons with their pot 
hooks, and the kettles, and the flesh forks, and all the utensils 

16 belonging to them — when Chiram had made them he brought 

17 them to king Solomon to the house of the Lord. They were 
all of pure brass. The king had them cast on the border of the 
Jordan, in the clay ground at the house of Sokchoth, and be- 

18 tween that and Saredetha. And Solomon caused all the uten- 
sils to be made in great abundance, for there was no deficiency 

19 in the quantity of brass. But all the utensils for the house of 
the Lord, namely the golden altar and the tables upon which 

20 the presence loaves were to be laid, and the candlesticks and the 
lamps to give light according to the rule prescribed, namely 
those in front of the dabir, all these Solomon made of pure 

21 gold, with the snuffers and lamp dishes. The cups also and the 

22 censers and the fire pans were all of pure gold. And with re- 



Ch. V. II. CHRONICLES. 

gardto the inner doors of the house into the Holy of Holies— 
these doors of the house of the temple he covered with gold. 
V. And when all the work was finished which Solomon made 
for the house of the Lord, he brought in the dedications of his 
father David, the silver and the gold and the vessels, and depo- 

2 sited them in the treasury of the house of the Lord. Then So. 
lomon assembled at Jerusalem all the elders of Israel and all 
the chiefs of the tribes, the leaders of the families of the sons 
of Israel to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord out 

3 of the city of David, which is Sion. And when all Israel were 
assembled before the king at the festival which is in the seventh 

4 month, all the elders of Israel went, and all the Levites took 

5 up the ark and the tabernacle of the testimony and all the holy 
utensils which were in the tabernacle, and the priests and the 

6 Levites carried it up. And while king Solomon and all the con- 
gregation of Israel, both the devout, and they who were assem- 
bled with them before the ark, were sacrificing beeves and 
sheep which could not be numbered nor reckoned by reason of 

7 their multitude, the priests carried the ark of the covenant of 
the Lord into its place — into the dabir of the house — into the 

8 Holy of Holies under the wings of the cherubims; for the che- 
rubims had their wings expanded over the place of the ark, and 

9 made a covering above, over the ark and over its staves. Now 
the staves projected, and their heads were seen from the Holies 
towards the front of the dabir, but were not seen from without, 

10 and there they have continued to this day. Now there was no- 
thing in the ark, but the two tables which Moses put therein 
at Choreb, containing the covenant which the Lord made with 
the Israelites, when they came out of the land of Egypt. 

1 1 And when the priests were come out of the Holies, (for all 
the priests then present were hallowed and were not distributed 

12 into courses,) and the Levites, who were singers — all the sons 
of Asaph, Aiman and Idithun, with their sons and brethren, 
arrayed in robes of cotton, had taken their stations with cym- 
bals, and with nablas, and with kinyras, over against the altar, 
and with them a hundred and twenty priests, sounding trump- 

13 ets, so as to join in harmonious concert both with those who 
led the' song and those who made responses to thank and praise 



Ch. VI. II. CHRONICLES. 

the Lord ; soon as they raised their voice, with trumpets and 
cymbals and instruments of musick, and said, 
Ο praise the Lord, for it is good, 
For to everlasting his mercy endureth ; 

14 immediately the house was filled with the cloud of the glory 
of the Lord, so that the priests could not stand to minister by 
reason of the cloud, for the glory of the Lord filled the house of 
God. Then Solomon said, The Lord said he would dwell in 

VI. thick darkness. Now I have built a house for thy name, 
dedicated to thee, and furnished for thy everlasting habitation. 

3 Then the king turned his face and blessed all the congregation 

4 of Israel, and all the congregation of Israel stood. Then 
the king said, Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel ! With his 
hand he hath compleated what with his mouth he spoke to my 

5 father David, saying, From the day I brought my people out 
of the land of Egypt, I did not make choice of any city among 
all the tribes of Israel for a house to be built, that my name 
might be there; nor did I chuse a man to be ruler over my 

6 people Israel. But now I have chosen Jerusalem that my name 

7 may be there, and I have made choice of David to be over my 
people Israel. Yet when it came into my father David's heart 

8 to build a house to the name of the Lord God of Israel, the 
Lord said to my father David, Forasmuch as it came into thy 
heart to build a house for my name, thou hast done well that 

9 it was in thy heart. But thou shalt not build the house. For 
thy son who shall spring from thy loins, even he shall build the 

10 house for my name. Now the Lord hath performed this word 
which he spoke. I have been raised up in the room of my father 
David, and am seated on the throne of Israel, as the Lord 

11 hath spoken ; and I have built the house for the name of the 
Lord God of Israel, and placed therein the ark, in which is the 
covenant of the Lord which he made with Israel. 

12 Then he took his station on one side over against the altar 
and facing all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his 
hands — For Solomon had made a brasen scaffold and placed 
it in the midst of the court of the sanctuary. The length of it 
was five cubits and its breadth five cubits, and its height three 
cubits. So he took his station on that, and kneeling down on 



Ch. VI. II. CHRONICLES. 

his knees before all the congregation of Israel, he stretched 
forth his hands to heaven and said, 

14 Ο Lord, the God of Israel, there is no God like thee in 
heaven or on earth, keeping covenant and shewing mercy to 

15 thy servants, who walk before thee with a perfect heart. Thou 
hast kept with thy servant David, my father, that which thou 
didst speak to him. What with thy mouth thou didst speak, 
thou with thy hand hast performed as at this day. Now there- 
fore, Ο Lord God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my 
father that which thou hast spoken to him, saying, There shall 
not fail thee from before me a man sitting on the throne of Is- 
rael, provided thy sons take heed to their way to walk in my 

17 law as thou hast walked before me. Now, therefore, Ο Lord 
God of Israel, let thy word, I beseech thee, which thou hast 
spoken to thy servant David, be confirmed, that it shall be so. 

18 Will God indeed dwell with man on the earth ! If the hea- 
ven, and the heaven of heaven, will not contain thee, what then 

19 is this house which I have built ? Yet thou wilt look upon the 
prayer of thy servant, even this supplication of mine that thou, 
Ο Lord God, mayst hearken to the supplication and the prayer 

20 which thy servant maketh before thee this day, that thine eyes 
may be open on this house day and night — on this place where 
thou hast ordered thy name to be invoked, that thou mayst 
hearken to the prayer which thy servant prayeth towards this 
place. 

21 Thou indeed wilt hearken to the prayer of thy servant and 
of thy people Israel. Whatever they pray towards this place, 
thou indeed wilt listen in the place of thy habitation from hea- 
ven, and wilt hear and be merciful. 

22 If any man sin against his neighbour, and take upon him a 

23 curse to be cursed, and come and swear before this altar in this 
house, thou indeed wilt hearken from heaven, and act and 
judge thy servants by retributing to the wicked and requiting 
his ways upon his head, by justifying the righteous, and recom- 
pensing him according to his righteousness. 

24 And if thy people Israel be discomfited before the enemy, 
though they have sinned against thee, yet when they return and 
confess to thy name, and pray and make supplication before 

25 thee in this house ; thou indeed wilt hear from heaven and 



Ch. VI. II. CHRONICLES. 

pardon the sins of thy people Israel, and bring them back to 
the land which thou hast given to them and their fathers. 

26 And when the heaven is shut up, and there is no rain be- 
cause they have sinned against thee ; yet when they pray to- 
wards this place and praise thy name, and turn from their sins 

27 because thou hast humbled them ; thou indeed wilt hear from 
heaven and pardon the sins of thy servants and of thy people 
Israel ; for thou wilt shew them the good way in which they are 
to walk, and wilt send rain on this thy land which thou hast 
given to thy people for an inheritance. 

28 If there be famine in the land, if there be pestilence, blasting 
or mildew; or if there be locusts of any kind; or if their enemy 

29 before their gates afflict them ; whatever the stroke, whatever 
the affliction may be, and in consequence thereof, whatever 
may be the prayer and whatever the supplication which may 
be made by any man, or by all thy people Israel ; when a man 
shall know his own sore, or his own affliction, and shall spread 

30 forth his hands towards this house ; thou indeed wilt hear from 
heaven, from thy settled abode, and be merciful, and wilt ren- 
der to every one according to his ways, as thou knowest his 

3 1 heart ; (for thou alone knowest the hearts of the children of 
men) that they may revere all thy ways, all the days which 
they may live in the land which thou hast given our fathers. 

32 And with regard to every stranger who is not of thy people 
Israel, but who may have come from a distant land, on account 
of thy great name, and thy mighty hand, and thy out stretched 

33 arm, when they come and pray towards this place ; thou in- 
deed wilt hear from heaven — from thy settled abode, and wilt 
do according to all for which the stranger calleth on thee, that 
all the tribes of the earth may know thy name, and that they, 
like thy people Israel, may fear thee, and know that this house 
which I have built is called by thy name. 

34 ' And when thy people shall go forth to war against their 
enemies in the way which thou shalt send them, and shall pray 
to thee towards this city which thou hast chosen, and towards 

35 this house which I have built to thy name ; thou indeed wilt 
hear from heaven their prayer and their supplication, and 
maintain their cause. 

36 When they shall sin against thee (for there is no man who 
may not sin) and thou shalt smite them, and deliver them up 



Ch. VII. II. CHRONICLES. 

before the face of their enemies, and they who captivate them 
shall carry them away captives to an enemy's country, far oft' 

37 or near home ; when they change their heart in the land to 
which they have been removed, and return and supplicate thee 

38 in the land of their captivity, saying, We have sinned, we 
have transgressed, we have done wickedly ; and turn to thee 
with their whole heart, and their whole soul, in the land of 
those who have captivated them, whithersoever they may have 
carried them captives ; when they shall pray towards their 
land which thou gavest to their fathers, and towards this city 
which thou hast chosen, and this house which I have built for 

39 thy name : thou, from heaven, from thy settled abode, wilt 
hear their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their 
cause, and be reconciled to thy people who have sinned against 
thee. 

40 And now, Ο Lord, let thine eyes, I beseech thee, be open 
and thine ears attentive to the prayer made in this place. And, 
now, arise, Ο Lord God, into thy rest, thou and the ark of thy 
strength. Let thy priests, Ο Lord God, be clothed with salva- 
tion, and thy children made glad with good things. Turn not 
away, Ο Lord God, the face of thine anointed. Remember the 
mercies of David thy servant. 

VII. And soon as Solomon finished his prayer the fire from 
heaven descended and consumed the whole burnt offerings 
with their sacrifices. Now the glory of the Lord filled the 
house so that the priests could not enter the house of the Lord 
at that time, because the glory of the Lord filled the house. 
3 And when all the Israelites saw the fire descending and the 
glory of the Lord on the house, they fell with their face to the 
ground on the pavement. And when they had worshipped, 
they sung to the Lord the hymn of praise, For it is good: for 
his mercy endurcth forever, while the king and all the peoplt 

5 were offering incense before the Lord. Then king Solomon 
offered as a thank offering twenty two thousand beeves and a 
hundred and twenty thousand sheep. 

6 Now when the king and all the people dedicated the house, 
while the priests were standing in their watches; and the Le- 
vites, with the musical instruments of the Lord, made by king 
David to praise the Lord, for his mercy endureth forever, were 



Ch. VII. II. CHRONICLES. 

performing with them in the hymns of David ; and the priests 
were sounding the trumpets before them ; and all the people 
were standing ; Solomon consecrated the middle of the court 
which belonged to the house of the Lord, that he might offer 
there the whole burnt offerings with the suet of the thank of- 
ferings, because the brasen altar which Solomon had made 
was not capable of receiving the whole burnt offerings with 
the sacrifices of the suet. 

8 So Solomon kept the festival at that time seven days, he 
and all Israel with him, an exceeding great congregation from 

9 the bay of Aimath to the torrent of Egypt. And on the eighth 
day he made a finishing feast, for he had celebrated the dedica- 

10' tion of the altar with a festival of seven days. And on the 
three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent away 
the people to their abodes, glad, and with cheerful hearts for 
all the goodness which the Lord had shewn to David, and to 
Solomon, and to his people Israel. 

11 Solomon having thus finished the house of the Lord, and 
the house of the king, and having been prospered in doing all 
that Qame into his heart for the house of the Lord, and his own 
house, the Lord appeared that night to Solomon and said to 

12 him, I have heard thy prayer and made choice of this place 

13 for myself to be a house of sacrifice. If I shut up heaven and 
there be no rain ; or if I command the locust to devour the 

14 trees ; or send a pestilence among my people ; when my peo- 
ple who are called by my name humble themselves, and pray 
to me and seek my favour, and turn from their evil ways, I 
will hear from heaven and forgive their sins, and heal their 

15 land. And now mine eyes shall be open and my ears attentive 

16 to the prayer made in this place. For I have now chosen and 
hallowed this house, that my name may be there forever ; and 

17 mine eyes and my heart shall be there continually. And if thou 
wilt walk before me as thy father David did, and do according 
to all that I have commanded thee, and keep my statutes and 

18 my judgments, I will establish the throne of thy kingdom as I 
covenanted with thy father David, saying, The ruler over Is- 

19 rael shall not be taken from thee. But if you turn aside and 
forsake my statutes and my commandments which I have set 
before you ; and go and serve strange gods and worship them, 



Ch. VIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

I will assuredly remove you from this land which I have given 

20 them. And I will remove out of my sight this house which I 
have hallowed to my name, and make it a proverb and a bye 

21 word among all the nations. Yes, at this house which is so lofty, 
every one who passeth by it shall be astonished, and say, Why 

22 hath the Lord dealt thus with this land and this house ? To 
which it will be answered, Because they forsook the Lord, the 
God of their fathers, who brought them out of the land of 
Egypt, and took other gods in his stead, and worshipped them 
and served them, therefore he brought upon them all this 
calamity. 

VIII. Now after the twenty years in which Solomon built the 

2 house of the Lord, and his own house, he rebuilt those cities 
which Chiram returned to him, and caused the Israelites to 

3 dwell there. Then he went to Baisoba and strengthened it. 

4 And he built Thoedmor in the wilderness, and all those forti- 

5 fied cities which he built in Emath. He rebuilt also the upper 
and the lower Baithoron, cities fortified with walls, gates and 

6 bars ; and Balath and all the strong cities which belonged to 
Solomon ; and all the chariot cities, and the cities for the caval- 
ry, and whatever he had an inclination to build at Jerusalem, 

7 or on Libanus, or in all his kingdom. With regard to all the 
people who were left of the Chettites and the Amorites and 
the Pheresites and the Evites and the Jebusites who were not 

8 Israelites, but descendants of the children of them who were 
left in the land, whom the children of Israel had not rooted out, 

9 these Solomon laid under tribute as at this day. But of the 
children of Israel he made no servants for his kingdom. For 
behold they were warriors, and chiefs, and officers, and the 

10 captains of chariots and horsemen. And there were two hun- 
dred and fifty of them who superintended king Solomon's 

1 1 overseers who kept the people to work. Moreover king So- 
lomon brought Pharao's daughter from the city of David, 
to the house which he had built for her ; for he said, My wife 
shall not dwell in the city of David king of Israel ; for the place 
to which the ark of the Lord hath come is holy. 

12 . Then Solomon offered whole burnt offerings to the Lord 
on the altar which he had built to the Lord over against the 

13 temple according to the daily rate for every day, which were 

VOL. II. Ε C 



Ch. IX. II. CHRONICLES. 

to be offered according to the commands of Moses, on the 
sabbaths and at the new moons, and at the festivals which were 
three in the year — the festival of unleavened bread, the festival 

14 of weeks, and the festival of tabernacles. And according to the 
regulation of his father David, he appointed the courses of the 
priests according to their services ; and the Levites were set 
to their charges to sing praises and to minister before the 
priests, as the duty of every day required ; and the keepers of 

15 the gates were distributed into their classes for every gate. For 
so David, the man of God had commanded. They transgress- 
ed not the commands of the king, respecting the priests or the 
Levites who were appointed to every charge, or over the trea- 

16 sures. Now all this business had been prepared from the day 
Solomon laid the foundation, but it was deferred until he had 
finished the house of the Lord. 

17 Then Solomon went to Gesion-gaber and to Ailath, which 
is on the sea shore in the land of Idumea ; and Chiram sent 
him by the hand of his servants, ships and seamen, and they 
went with Solomon's servants to Sopphira, and brought thence 
four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and came to Solomon. 

IX. When the queen of Saba heard of the fame of Solomon, 
she came to Jerusalem with a great retinue, to try him with 
hard questions, and brought with her camels carrying spices 
in abundance, and gold and precious stones. And when she 
came to Solomon and propounded to him all the questions 
which were in her mind, Solomon solved all her questions. 

2 Not a question escaped Solomon, which he did not solve for 

3 her. And when the queen of Saba saw the wisdom of Solo- 

4 mon, and the house which he had built, and the provisions of 
his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the order of his 
attendants and their apparel, and his butlers and their dress, and 
the whole burnt offerings which he offered in the house of the 

5 Lord, she was astonished, and said to the king, It was a true 
report which I heard in my own country concerning thine acts 

6 and concerning thy wisdom ; but I did not believe the reports 
until I came and saw with my own eyes. Now behold I was 

7 not told one half of the greatness of thy wisdom. Thou hast 
surpassed the report which I heard. Happy are these men of 
thine ! happy these thy servants who wait upon thee continu- 
ally and hear thy wisdom ! blessed be the Lord thy God who 



Ch. IX. II. CHRONICLES. 

delighted in thee to set thee on his throne, to be a king for the 
Lord thy God. Because the Lord thy God loved Israel, there- 
fore, that he might establish them forever, he made thee king 
9 over them to execute judgment and justice. Then she gave 
the king a hundred and twenty talents of gold, and spices in 
great abundance, and precious stones. There were no such 
spices as those which the queen of Saba gave to king So- 

10 lomon. The servants of Solomon also, and the servants of 
Chiram, brought gold to Solomon from Souphir, and algum 

1 1 timber and precious stones. And of the algum timber the king 
made stairs for the house of the Lord, and for the king's 
house ; and kitharas and nablas for the singers ; for such had 

12 never been seen before in the land of Juda. And when king 
Solomon had given the queen of Saba all her desire — what- 
ever she asked, exclusive of the return which he made for all 

13 that she had brought to the king, she returned to her own 
country. 

Now the quantity of gold which was brought to Solomon 
in one year, was six hundred and sixty six talents of gold, be- 
sides what was brought by subjects and merchants, by all the 
kings of Arabia and the lords of the country, who all brought 

15 gold and silver to king Solomon. And king Solomon made 
two hundred bucklers of beaten gold ; six hundred shekels of 
pure gold were on each buckler; and three hundred shields of 
beaten gold ; each shield being plated with three hundred she- 
kels of gold. And the king deposited these in the house of the 

17 forest of Libanus. The king made also a great throne of ivory 
and overlaid it with pure gold. There were six steps up to the 
throne, which was overlaid with gold; and arms on each side of 
the seat of the throne; and two lions standing at the two arms, and 
twelve lions standing on the six steps, on the one side and the 

20 other. There was not the like in any kingdom. Moreover all the 
utensils of king Solomon were of gold. And all the utensils of 
the house of the forest of Libanus were plated with gold. Sil- 
ver was not of estimation in the days of Solomon for any pur- 

21 pose. For a fleet went for the king to Tharsis with the ser- 
vants of Chiram. And once every three years, ships came from 
Tharsis for the king, faden with gold and silver and elephants' 

22 teeth and apes. So that Solomon was magnified above all the 



Ch. Χ. II. CHRONICLES. 

23 kings both in riches and wisdom. And all the kings of the 
land sought an interview with Solomon, to hear his wisdom 

24 which God had put in his heart. And they brought, every one 
his gifts, vessels of silver and vessels of gold, with raiment, 

25 stacte, perfumes, horses and mules ; and this every year. And 
Solomon had four thousand breeding mares for his chariots, 
and twelve thousand horsemen ; and these he placed in the 

26 chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem. And he was 
ruler over all the kings, from the river to the land of the Phi- 

27 listines, and to the borders of Egypt. And the king made 
gold and silver in Jerusalem, plenteous as stones, and cedars 

28 as the sycamine trees in the plain for multitude. And Solo- 
mon had horses brought for him out of Egypt and from every 

29 land. Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, be- 
hold they are written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and 
in the book of Achia the Selonite, and in the visions of Joel 

30 the seer concerning Jeroboam son of Nabat. And when Solo- 
mon had reigned over all Israel forty years, he slept and was 
buried in the city of David his father, and Roboam his son 
reigned in his stead. 

X. Now Jeroboam son of Nabat had fled from the presence 
1 of king Solomon, and taken up his abode in Egypt. But re- 
ceiving intelligence in Egypt, and being sent for he had return- 

3 ed from Egypt. So when Roboam went to Sychem (for to 
Sychem all Israel went to make him king) Jeroboam and all 

4 the congregation came to Roboam and said, Thy father made 
our yoke heavy, now therefore abate something of the griev- 
ous service of thy father, and of his heavy yoke, which he laid 

5 on us, and we will serve thee. Thereupon he said to them, 

6 Go away for three days and then come to me. And when 
the people were gone, king Roboam assembled the elders who 
had stood before his father Solomon in his life time, and said 

7 to them, How do you advise me to answer this people ? And 
they spoke to him saying, If thou indulge the people this day, 
and soothe them, and speak kindly to them, they will be thy 

8 servants forever. But he slighted the counsel which the el- 
ders gave him, and consulted the young men, who had been 
brought up with him, and who waited on him, and said to 

9 them, What answer do you advise me to give to this people, 



Ch. XI. II. CHRONICLES. 

who have spoken to me saying, Abate something of the yoke, 

10 which thy father laid upon us. And the young men, who had 
been brought up with him, spoke to him saying, Thus shalt 
thou speak to this people, who hath spoken to thee saying, 
Thy father made our yoke heavy, do thou therefore lighten it 

1 1 for us — thus thou shalt say, My little finger shall be thicker 
than my father's loins. Now therefore my father chastened 
you with a heavy yoke, but I will add to your yoke. My fa- 
ther chastised you with whips ; but I will chastise you with 

12 scorpions. So when Jeroboam and all the people came to Ro- 
boam on the third day, as the king had spoken saying, Come 
again to me on the third day, the king answered them roughly. 

13 King Roboam slighted the counsel of the elders, and spoke 

14 to them according to the advice of the young men, saying, 
My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to it ; my 
father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with 

15 scorpions. So the king did not hearken to the people ; for the 
revolution was from God. And upon one's saying, The Lord 
hath established his word which he spoke by the ministry of 
Achia the Selonite concerning Jeroboam son of Nabat, and all 

16 Israel ; for the king hath not hearkened to them, the people an- 
swered the king, and said, What portion have we in David ? 
And what inheritance in the son of Jessai ? To your tents Ο 

17 Israel ! Now David, look thou to thine own house. So Israel 
went away to their habitations ; and when some men of Israel 
and they who dwelt in the cities of Juda, had made Roboam 

18 king over them, and Roboam the king sent to them Adoni- 
ram, who was over the tribute, the sons of Israel stoned him 
with stones, till he died. Upon which the king Roboam hast- 

19 ened to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem ; and Israel re- 
volted from the house of David to this day. 

XI. Now when Roboam came to Jerusalem and had assem- 
bled of Juda and Benjamin, a hundred and eighty thousand 
of the young men who were warriors, and was going to war 
with Israel, to restore the kingdom to Roboam ; a word of 

2 the Lord came to Samaias, a man of God, saying, Speak to 

3 Roboam son of Solomon, and to all Juda and Benjamin, and 
say, Thus saith the Lord, You shall not go up nor fight with 

4 your brethren. Return every man to his house, for this thing 



Ch. XII. II. CHRONICLES, 

is done by me. So they hearkened to the word of the Lord, 

5 and did not go up against Jeroboam. And Roboam dwelt at 

6 Jerusalem and built walled cities in Judea. He built Bethle- 
hem and Aitan and Thekoe and Bathsura and Sokchoth and 
Odollam and Geth and Marisa and Ziph and Adorai and 
Lachis and Azeka and Saraa and Ailom and Chebron, walled 

11 cities of Juda and Benjamin. And when he had strengthened 
them with walls, he appointed governors in them, with stores 

12 of provisions, oil and wine. And in every city he put shields 

13 and spears, and made them very strong. Now there were 
with him Juda and Benjamin. And the priests and the Le- 
vites who were in all Israel, resorted to him, from all their 

14 borders. For the Levites left the habitations of their posses- 
sion and went to Juda to Jerusalem ; for Jeroboam and his 

15 sons cast them out from ministering to the Lord, and made for 
himself priests of the high places for the idols, and the vani- 

16 ties and the calves which Jeroboam made. He expelled also 
from among the tribes of Israel them who set their hearts to 

. seek the Lord God of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem to 
sacrifice to the Lord God of their fathers, and strengthened the 

17 kingdom of Juda. So he strengthened Roboam son of Solomon 
three years, because for three years he walked in the ways of 

18 David and Solomon. Now Roboam took for himself to wife 
Moolath a daughter of Jerimouth a son of David, and Abigaia 
a daughter of Eliab the son of Jessai, who bore him sons, name- 

19 ly Jeus and Samoria and Zaam ; and after that he took to wife 
Maacha a daughter of Abessalom, and she bore him Abia and 

21 Jetthi and Zoza and Salem oth. And Roboam loved Maacha, 
daughter of Abessalom, more than all his wives and concubines, 
(for he had eighteen wives and sixty concubines, and by them he 

22 had twenty eight sons and sixty daughters;) so he appointed 
Abia the son of Maacha to be chief and ruler among his brothers. 

23 Because he determined to make him king, therefore he was 
exalted above all his sons in all the borders of Juda and Ben- 
jamin, and in fortified cities. And he supplied these cities with 
provisions in abundance, and procured for him a multitude of 
wives. 

XII. But when the kingdom of Roboam -was established, and 
when he was become strong, he forsook the commandments of 



Ch. XII. II. CHRONICLES. 

2 the Lord, and all Israel with him. And in the fifth year of the 
reign of Roboam, Sousakim king of Egypt came up against Je- 
rusalem, because they had sinned in the sight of the Lord, with 

3 twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen, but of 
the multitude who came with him out of Egypt, Lybians, 
Trogodytes and Ethiopeans there was no numbering them. 

4 And when they had taken the fortified cities which were in Ju- 

5 da and were coming to Jerusalem, Samaias the prophet went 
to Roboam and to the chiefs of Juda who were assembled at 
Jerusalem for fear of Sousakim, and said to them, Thus saith 
the Lord, You have left me, therefore I will leave you in the 

6 hands of Sousakim. Whereupon the chiefs of Israel and the 

7 king were ashamed and said, The Lord is righteous. And 
when the Lord saw that they were ashamed, a word of the Lord 
came to Samaias saying, They are ashamed. I will not destroy 
them utterly, but will in a little while grant them deliverance; 

8 and my wrath shall not be poured out on Jerusalem. Never- 
theless they shall be servants, that they may know my service 

9 and the service of the kings of the earth. So Sousakim the king 
of Egypt came up against Jerusalem and took the treasures in 
the house of the Lord and the treasures in the king's house. 

10 All these he took. He took also the golden shields which So- 
lomon made; and king Roboam made shields of brass in their 
stead. Now Sousakim had set over him the chiefs of the guards, 

11 those who guarded the king's gate. So when the king went to 
the house of the Lord, some of his keepers went in with the 
guards, and some who were to bring him back went to meet 

12 the guards. But when he became humble the wrath of the 
Lord was turned from him ; for it was not for utter destruction; 

13 for still there were good things in Juda. 

Now when king Roboam strengthened himself in Jerusalem 
and began to reign, he was forty one years old at this commence- 
ment of his reign and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, 
in the city which the Lord had chosen out of all the tribes of 

1 4 Israel, to put his name there : And his mother's name was 
Noomma the Ammonitess, and he did evil, for he did not di- 

15 rect his heart to seek the Lord. Now the acts of Roboam, first 
and last, behold are they not written in the book of Samaias 
the prophet and of Addo the seer? Also his exploits, for then 



Ch. XIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

16 was a war between him and Jeroboam continually. And when 
Roboam died he was buried with his fathers in the city of Da- 
vid, and Abia his son reigned in his stead. 

XIII. In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, Abia 

2 began to reign over Juda. He reigned three years in Jerusalem, 
and his mother's name was Maacha, a daugter of Uriel of Ga- 

3 baon. Now there was a war between Abia and Jeroboam. And. 
when Abia had drawn up in array his army consisting of forty 
thousand fighting men, and Jeroboam had drawn up in array 

4 for battle against him with eighty thousand fighting men ; Abia 
rose up from mount Somoron which is on mount Ephraim and 

5 said, Hearken Jeroboam and all Israel ! Ought you not to know 
that the Lord God, the God of Israel, gave the office of king 
over Israel forever to David and his sons by a covenant of salt? 

6 Yet Jeroboam the son of Nabat, the servant of Solomon son of 

7 David, rose up and fled from his lord, and there were gathered 
to him wicked factious men, so that he rose up against Roboam 
the son of Solomon, when he was young and faint hearted and 

8 unable to withstand him; and now you think of rising up 
against the kingdom of the Lord administered by the sons of 
David. You indeed are a great multitude, and you have with 
you the calves of gold which Jeroboam hath made for you to 

9 be your gods. Have you not expelled the priests of the Lord, 
the children of Aaron, and the Levites, and made for yourselves 
priests of the people of every land? Whoever came to conse- 
crate himself with a young bull from the herd, and seven rams, 

10 was made a priest to a thing which is no God. But as for us, 
we have not forsaken the Lord our God. His priests the sons 
of Aaron, and the Levites minister to the Lord in their courses. 

11 They burn to the Lord, every morning and evening, the whole 
burnt offering with the sacrifice of compound incense. We 
have the presence loaves set in order on the pure table, and the 
golden candlestick with the lamps for light, to be lighted every 
evening; for we keep the watches of the Lord, the God of our 

12 fathers, though you have forsaken him. Now behold with us, 
at our head, is the Lord and his priests, and the trumpets of 
alarm to sound a charge against you. Ο sons of Israel, fight 
not against the Lord God of your fathers, for it will not pros- 
per with you. 



Ch. XIV. II. CHRONICLES. 

13 Now Jeroboam had detached an ambuscade to come upon 
his rear. He was before Juda and the ambuscade was behind 

14 them. And when Juda looked back behold the battle was both 
in front and in the rear. Thereupon they cried to the Lord, 
and the priests sounded the trumpets, and the men of Juda 

15 shouted. And when the men of Juda shouted, the Lord smote 

16 Jeroboam and Israel before Abia and Juda. And the Israelites 

17 fled before Juda, and the Lord delivered them into their hands, 
so that Abia and his people smote them with a great slaughter, 

18 and there fell of Israel, slain, fifty thousand warriors. And the 
Israelites were humbled that day, and the sons of Juda pre- 
vailed because they trusted in the Lord God of their fathers. 

19 And Abia continued the pursuit after Jeroboam and took 
from him the following cities, Baithel with the villages thereof, 
and Jesuna with the villages thereof, and Ephron with the vil- 

20 lages thereof. And Jeroboam did not again recover strength 
all the days of Abia. And the Lord smote him and he died ; 

21 but Abia became mighty. Having taken fourteen wives he 

22 had twenty two sons and sixteen daughters. Now the rest of 
the acts of Abia, his transactions and affairs, are written in the 

XIV. book of the prophet Addo. And when Abia died they 
buried him with his fathers, in the city of David, and Asa his 
son reigned in his stead. 

2 In the days of Asa the land of Juda was quiet ten years. And he 

3 did that which was good and right in the sight of the Lord his God. 
He removed the altars of the strange gods, and the high places, 

4 and broke in pieces the pillars, and cut down the bowers, and 
ordered Juda to seek the Lord God of their fathers, and to per- 

5 form the law and the commandments. And having removed 
out of all the cities of Juda the altars and the idols, he gave 

6 peace to the fortified cities in the land of Juda: because the 
country enjoyed peace, and he had no war during those years, 

7 for the Lord gave him rest ; therefore he said to Juda, let us 
rebuild the cities, and make walls and towers, and gates and 
bars, and secure dominion over the country before them. For 
as we have sought the Lord our God, he hath sought us, and 

8 given us rest all around, and prospered us. Now Asa had in 
the land of Juda an army of three hundred thousand men bear- 
ing shields and spears, and in the land of Benjamin shield 

vol. ir. if 



Ch. XV. II. CHRONICLES. 

bearers and bowmen, two hundred and eighty six thousand. 
9 All these were fighting men. And Zare the Ethiopean came 
out against them with an army of a million, with three hundred 
10 chariots. And when he had advanced as far as Maresa, Asa went 
out to meet him, and drew up for battle, in the vale north of Ma- 
ll resa, and Asa cried to the Lord his God, and said, Ο Lord, it is 
nothing with thee to save with many or with few. Strengthen us, Ο 
Lord our God; for on thee is our reliance ; and in thy name we are 
come against this great multitude. Ο Lord our God, let not 
man prevail against thee. So the Lord smote the Ethiopeans 
3 2 before Juda. And the Ethiopeans fled, and Asa and his peo- 

13 pie pursued them as far as Gedor. And the Ethiopeans fell 
so that they could not recover themselves ; for they were 

14 trampled down before the Lord, and before his army. And 
when they had taken immense spoils, and smitten the towns 
about Gedor (for the terror of the Lord was upon them) and 
had rifled all their cities (for there was much plunder in them) 
and plundered their tents, and smitten the Alimazonians and 
taken many sheep and camels, and were returning to Jerusa- 

XV. lem ; the Spirit of the Lord came upon Azarias son of 
Oded, and he went out to meet Asa and all Juda and Benja- 

2 min, and said, Hear me Asa, and all Juda and Benjamin. The 
Lord is with you, while you are with him. And if you seek 
him, he will be found by you. But if you forsake him, he will 

3 forsake you. And though for a long time Israel may be with- 
out the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without 

4 law, yet when they shall turn to the Lord God of Israel, he 

5 will be found by them. And though at that time there be no 
peace to him who goeth out, or to him who cometh in, be- 
cause the terror of the Lord is on all the inhabitants of these 

6 countries — though nation may fight against nation, and city 
against city, because God hath confounded them with all 

7 kinds of affliction ; yet strengthen ye yourselves, and let not 
your hands be weak ; for your work shall be rewarded. 

8 Upon hearing these words and this prophecy of the pro- 
phet Adad, Asa took courage, and removed the abominations 
out of all the land of Juda and Benjamin, and from all the cities 
he held from Jeroboam, on mount Ephraim. And having de- 
dicated anew the altar of the Lord, which is before the temple 

S of the Lord, he assembled Juda and the strangers who wor- 



Ch. XVI. II. CHRONICLES. 

shipped with him from Ephraim, and from Manasses, and 
from Symeon, for many of the Israelites had joined him 

10 when they saw that the Lord his God was with him. And when 
they assembled at Jerusalem in the third month, in the 

1 1 fifteenth year of the reign of Asa, he offered as a sacrifice to the 
Lord on that day, of the prey which they had brought, seven 
hundred beeves and seven thousand sheep, and entered into a 

12 covenant to seek the Lord God of their fathers, with all their 

13 heart and with all their soul ; and that whoever would not seek 
the Lord God of Israel should be put to death, whether young 

14 or old, whether man or woman. And when they had sworn to 
the Lord with a loud voice, the trumpets and the cornets 

1 5 sounded, and all Juda rejoiced at the oath ; for they swore with 
their whole heart, and sought him with their whole desire, and 

16 he was found by them. And the Lord gave them rest round 
about. Moreover he restrained Maacha his mother from per- 
forming religious service to Astarte. And he cut to pieces the 

1 7 idol, and burned it by the brook Kedron. But the high places 

18 were not removed. They still remained in Israel. But Asa's 
heart was perfect all his days. And he brought in the dedica- 
tions of his father David, the holy things appertaining to the 
house of God, silver and gold and vessels. 

19 Now Asa was engaged in no war, till the thirty fifth year 
XVI. of his reign. But in the thirty eighth year of the reign 

of Asa, the king of Israel came up against Juda, and began 
building Rama, in order to stop all outlet and inlet to Asa 

2 king of Juda ; whereupon Asa took silver and gold, out of 
the treasuries of the house of the Lord, and the king's house, 

3 and sent to the son of Ader king of Syria, who dwelt at Da- 
mascus, saying, Make a covenant between me and thee, as 
there was between my father and thy father. Behold I have 
sent thee gold and silver, come and remove from me Baasa 

I king of Israel and let him depart from me. Accordingly Son 
Ader hearkened to king Asa and sent the generals of his armv 
against the cities of Israel, and smote Aion and Dan and Abel- 

5 main, and all the territories adjacent to Nephthaleim. At the 
news of this Baasa quitted building, and put a stop to the 

6 work. Whereupon king Asa took all Juda, and carried away 
the stones of Rama and the timber thereof, with which Baasa 



Ch. XVII. II. CHRONICLES. 

7 was building, and with them built Gabae and Maspha. At 
that time Anani the prophet, came to Asa king of Juda 
and said to him, Seeing thou hast put thy trust in the king 
of Syria, and hast not relied on the Lord thy God, therefore 
the army of the king of Syria hath escaped out of thy hand. 

8 Were not the Ethiopeans and the Lybians to be dreaded for 
their huge army ? For their prowess, for their horsemen, for 
their immense multitude ? Yet because thou didst rely on 

9 the Lord, he delivered them into thy hand. For the eyes of 
the Lord look throughout the whole earth, to strengthen them 
whose heart is perfect towards him. In this matter thou hast 

10 acted foolishly. Henceforward thou shalt have war. Upon 
this Asa was enraged at the prophet, and committed him to 
prison. Because this gave offence, Asa proceeded to outrage 

11 against the people at the same time. Now behold the acts of 
Asa first and last, are written in the book of the kings of Juda 
and Israel. 

12 In the thirty ninth year of his reign, Asa was diseased in 
his feet, till he became very sick ; but in his sickness he did 

13 not apply to the Lord, but to physicians. And Asa slept with 
his fathers. He died in the fortieth year of his reign, and they 

14 buried him in the tomb which he had hewn out for himself, 
in the city of David. And when they had composed him on 
the bed, they filled it with spices, and all kinds of perfumes 
prepared by apothecaries, and made a very great funeral pro- 
cession for him, and Josaphat his son reigned in his stead. 

XVII. And Josaphat strengthened himself against Israel, and 
put garrisons in all the fortified cities of Juda, and appointed 
governors in all the cities of Juda, and in the cities of Ephraim, 
which his father Asa had taken, and the Lord was with Josa- 

3 phat. Because he walked in the first ways of his father and 

4 consulted not the idols, but sought the Lord God of his fa- 
ther, and walked in the commands of his father, and not ac- 

5 cording to the works of Israel, therefore the Lord established 
the kingdom in his hand, and all Juda gave gifts to Josaphat, 

6 so that he had riches and honour in abundance : and his heart 
being exalted in the way of the Lord, he removed the high 

7 places and the bowers out of the land of Juda. And in the 
third year of his reign, he sent with the heads of families these 



Ch. XVIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

rulers of his, namely, Abdias and Zacharias and Natha- 

8 niel and Michaias, to teach in the cities of Juda ; and with 
them were these Levites, namely Samaias and Nathanias and 
Zabdias and Asiel and Semiramoth and Jonathan and Ado- 
nias and Tobias and Tobadonias who were Levites ; and with 
them Elisama and Joram who were priests, and they taught 

9 in Juda. Having with them the book of the law of the Lord, 
they went through the cities of Juda, and taught the people. 

10 And there was a dread of the Lord on all the kingdoms of the 
land around Juda, so that they did not make war on Josaphat. 

1 1 Nay from the Philistines they brought Josaphat silver for their 
gifts. And the Arabs brought him for their gifts, seven thou- 

12 sand seven hundred rams. And Josaphat advanced in great- 
ness to a high degree, and built castles and strong cities in 

13 Judea, and had many works done for him in Judea. And 
with regard to the warriors, the mighty men, who strength- 

14 ened him in Jerusalem, this was the number of them accord- 
ing to the houses of their patriarchal families. The chiliarchs 
for Juda were Edna the chief, and with him sons, mighties 

15 of the army, three hundred chiliads; and after him Joanan 

16 the leader and with him two hundred and eighty chiliads ; and 
after him Amasias the Zarite, who devoted himself to the 

17 Lord, and with him two hundred chiliads, mighties of the ar- 
my ; and from Benjamin a mighty of the army, namely Eliada, 
and with him bow men, and those armed with shields, two 

18 hundred chiliads ; and after him Jozabad, and with him eighty 
chiliads, mighties of battle. All these waited on the king, ex- 
cepting them whom the king placed in the fortified cities 
throughout all Judea. 

XVIII. Now while Josaphat was still advancing in riches and 

2 great glory, he allied himself by marriage with the house of 
Achab, and after some years, went down to Samaria to Achab. 
And Achab sacrificed sheep and bullocks in abundance for 
him, and the people with him, and made court to him that he 

3 might go with him to Ramoth of Galaaditis. And when Achab 
king of Israel said to Josaphat king of Juda, Wilt thou go with 
me to Ramoth of Galaaditis, he replied, I am as thou art. As 

4 is thy people, so is mine with thee for battle. Then Josaphat 

5 said to the king of Israel, Inquire now I pray thee of the Lord. 



Ch. XVIil. 11, CHRONICLES. 

Thereupon the king of Israel assembled the prophets, four 
hundred men, and said to them, Shall I go to Ramoth Galaad 
to battle, or shall I forbear ? And they said, Go up, for God 

6 will deliver into the king's hands. Then Josaphat said, Is 
there not here a prophet of the Lord, that we may inquire by 

7 him ? And the king of Israel said to Josaphat, There is still 
a man, by whom we may inquire of the Lord, but I hate him, 
for he never prophesieth good of me, but always evil — one 
Michaias, son of Jembla. And Josaphat said, Let not the king 

8 speak so. Then the king called a chamberlain, and said, Bring 

9 here quickly Michaias, son of Jembla. Now the king of Israel 
and Josaphat king of Juda, were seated each on his throne, ar- 
rayed in robes, and they sat in the open space at the entrance of 
the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets prophesied before them. 

10 And Sedekias, son of Chanaan, made for himself horns of iron, 
and said, Thus saith the Lord, With these thou shalt push Syria 

1 1 until it be destroyed. And all the prophets prophesied in like 
manner, saying, Go up to Ramoth Galaad, and thou shalt pros- 

12 per; for the Lord will deliver into the king's hands. So the mes- 
senger who went to call Michaias spoke to him, saying, Behold 
all the prophets have, with one mouth, spoken good things of the 
king, let thy words, I pray thee, be as one of them, and speak 

13 good things. To whom Michaias replied, As the Lord liveth, 

14 whatever God shall say to me, that I will speak. And when he 
came to the king, the king said to him, Michaias, shall I go 
to Ramoth Galaad to battle, or shall I forbear ? To which he 
replied, Go up that thou mayst prosper, and they be delivered 

15 into your hands ! Then the king said to him, How often must 
I adjure thee that thou speak nothing to me but truth, in the 

16 name of the Lord ? Whereupon he said, I saw Israel scattered 
upon the mountains like sheep, which have no shepherd. And 
the Lord said, They have no leader, let them return every man 

1 7 to his house in peace. Then the king of Israel said to Josaphat, 
Did I not tell thee, that he would not prophesy good of me, 

18 but evil? And Michaias said, Is not this the case? Hear a 
word of the Lord : I saw the Lord seated on his throne, and all 
the host of heaven stood, some on his right and some on his 

19 left. And the Lord said, Who will deceive Achab, king of 
Israel, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth Galaad. And 



Ch. XVIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

20 when one spoke in this manner and another in that, there came 
forth a spirit and stood before the Lord, and said, I will deceive 

21 him. And the Lord said, By what means? To which he re- 
plied, I will go forth and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all 

22 his prophets. And he said, Thou wilt deceive and prevail; go 
and do so. Now therefore behold, the Lord hath put a lying 
spirit in the mouth of these thy prophets. But the Lord hath 
spoken evil against thee. 

23 Then Sedekias, son of Chanaan, came near and smote Mi- 
chaias on the cheek, and said to him, Which way went the 

24 spirit of the Lord from me to speak to thee? To which Mi- 
chaias replied, Behold thou shalt see on that day, when thou 
shalt go from one inner chamber to another to hide thyself. 

25 Then the king of Israel said, Take Michaias and carry him 
back to Emer the governor of the city, and to Joas the chief, 

26 the king's son, and say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow 
in prison, and let him be fed with bread of affliction and water 

27 of affliction, until I return in peace. And Michaias said, If 
thou return in peace, the Lord hath not spoken by me. And 
he said, Hear all people ! 

28 Then the king of Israel and Josaphat king of Juda, went 

29 up to Ramoth Galaad, and the king of Israel said to Josaphat, 
Let me disguise myself and I will go into the battle, and put 
thou on my robes. So the king of Israel diguised himself and 

30 went into the battle. Now the king of Syria had given a charge 
to the commanders of his chariots who were with him, saying, 
Fight neither with small nor great, but only with the king of 

3 1 Israel. So when the commanders of the chariots saw Josaphat, 
they said, This is the king of Israel, and wheeled about in or- 
der to attack him, whereupon Josaphat cried aloud, and the 
Lord saved him, and God caused them to turn back from him. 

32 And when the commanders of the chariots saw that it was not 
the king of Israel and turned from him, a man drew a bow at 
a venture and smote the king of Israel between the lungs and 

33 the breast ; whereupon he said to his charioteer, turn thy hand 

34 and carry me out of the battle, for I am wounded. But as the 
battle was that day disastrous, he was kept in his chariot over 
against the Syrians till the evening, and at the setting of the 
sun he died. 



Ch. XIX. XX. II. CHRONICLES. 

XIX. Now when Josaphat, king of Juda, was returning to his 

2 house to Jerusalem, Jehu the son of Anani the prophet, went 
out to meet him, and said to him, King Josaphat, dost thou aid 

3 a sinner, or form friendship with one hated by the Lord ? On 
this account there would have been wrath against thee, but for 
the good works which have been found in thee, and for thy 
having removed the bowers out of the land of Juda, and direct- 

4 ed thy heart to seek the Lord. So Josaphat dwelt at Jerusalem, 
and again went out to the people from Bersabee to Mount 
Ephraim, and brought them back to the Lord God of their 

5 fathers. And when he appointed the judges in all the fortified 

6 cities of Juda, city by city, he said to the judges, Take heed 
what you do. For you judge not for man, but for the Lord, 

7 and with you are the words of the judgment. Now therefore 
let the fear of the Lord be upon you. Keep watch and do your 
duty ; for with the Lord our God there is no injustice, nor re- 

8 spect of persons, nor taking of bribes. In Jerusalem also Josa- 
phat appointed some of the priests and Levites and patriarchs 
of Israel, for the judgment of the Lord, and to judge the in- 

9 habitants of Jerusalem. And he gave them a charge, saying, 
Thus shall you act, in the fear of the Lord, with truth and with an 

10 upright heart — You must all conjointly determine every cause 
of your brethren who dwell in their cities, which shall come 
before you for decision, between blood and blood, and between 
ordinance and command. And you shall explain to them the 
rules of rectitude and judgments, that they may not sin against 
the Lord, and that no wrath may come upon you, nor upon 

11 your brethren. Thus you shall do and not sin. And behold 
Amarias the priest, is ruler over you for every word of the 
Lord, and Zabdias son of Ismael, the ruler over the house of 
Juda, for every matter touching the king ; and the scribes and 
the Levites are to attend you. Be firm and do your duty, and 
the Lord will be with the good. 

XX. After these things the Moabites and the Ammonites, and 
with them some of the Minaians came against Josaphat for 

2 battle ; and there came some who told Josaphat saying, There 
is a great multitude coming against thee from beyond the sea, 
bordering on Syria, and behold they are at Asasan-thamar, 

3 which is Engaddi. Thereupon Josaphat was terrified, and set 



Ch. XX. II. CHRONICLES. 

his face to seek the Lord, and proclaimed a fast through all Ju- 

4 da. And when Juda was assembled to seek the Lord — when 
they were come out of all the cities of Juda to seek the Lord, 

5 Josaphat stood up in the congregation of Juda, in Jerusalem, 
in the house of the Lord, in front of the new court, and said, 

6 Ο Lord the God of my fathers, art not thou God in heaven 
above ? Thou indeed rulest over all the kingdoms of the na- 
tions : and in thy hand is the majesty of power ; and there is 

7 none who can withstand thee. Art not thou the Lord who de- 
stroyed the inhabitants of this land from before thy people 
Israel ? Thou indeed didst give it to the seed of Abraham 

8 thy beloved, forever : and they have settled therein, and built 

9 therein a sanctuary to thy name, saying, If evils come upon 
us, the sword, judgment, pestilence or famine, we will stand 
before this house and before thee ; for thy name is on this 
house ; and cry to thee, because of the affliction, and thou 

10 wilt hear and save. And now behold the Ammonites and the 
Moabites and mount Seir, through whose territories thou 
didst not permit Israel to pass, when they were coming out 

1 1 of the land of Egypt, for they turned from them and did not 
destroy them ; yet now behold they are attempting to come 
out against us, to drive us from this inheritance of ours which 

12 thou hast given us. Ο Lord our God, wilt thou not judge 
them ? Because we have not power to withstand this great 
multitude which is coming against us, and do not know what 
to do with them, we can only have our eyes on thee. 

13 And while all the chiefs of Juda were standing before the 

14 Lord, with their wives and children ; upon Oziel the son of 
Zacharias of the Banaites — the sons of Eliel, the son of Mat- 
thanias the Levite, one of the sons of Asaph — upon him came 
the spirit of the Lord in the midst of the congregation, and he 

15 said, Hear all ye chiefs of Juda, and ye inhabitants of Jerusa- 
lem, and thou king Josaphat ! Thus saith the Lord to you, 
Be not terrified nor dismayed because of this vast multitude, 

16 for the battle is not yours, but God's only. Go down against 
them to-morrow. Behold they are coming up by the ascent of 
Asseis, and you will find them at the head of the river of the 

17 wilderness of Jeriel. You have not to fight. Consider these 
things, and see the salvation of the Lord with you. Ο Juda 

vol. ii. c s: 



Οι. XX. II. CHRONICLES. 

and Jerusalem, be not terrified nor afraid to go out to-morrow 
to meet them ; for the Lord is with you. 

18 Thereupon Josaphat bowed down on his face, and while 
all the chiefs of Juda and the inhabitants of Jerusalem pros- 
trated themselves before the Lord to worship him, the Levites 

19 of the sons of Kaath, and of the sons of Kore, stood up to 

20 praise the Lord God of Israel, in the loudest strains. And they 
arose early in the mormng, and went out to the wilderness of 
Thekoe. And as they were marching out, Josaphat stood and 
cried with a loud voice, and said, Hear me, Ο Juda, and ye in- 
habitants of Jerusalem. Trust in the Lord our God, and you 
shall be confirmed in your confidence. Confide in his pro- 

21 phet, and you shall prosper. Then he consulted with the peo- 
ple, and appointed the musicians, and them who sing praises, 
to give thanks and to sing the holy songs of praise. So march- 

22 ing at the head of the army, they sung the hymn, praise the 
Lord, for his mercy endureth forever. And when they began 
the song of thanksgiving and praise, the Lord set a fighting the 
Ammonites against Moab and Mount Seir, who were going 

23 out against Juda ; And when they were repelled, the Ammon- 
ites and Moab rose upon the inhabitants of Seir to extermi- 
nate and destroy them. And when they had made an end of 
the inhabitants of Seir, they rose up one against the other till 

24 they were utterly destroyed. So when Juda came to the watch 
tower of the wilderness, and looked and took a view of the 
multitude, behold they all lay dead on the ground. Not one 
had escaped. 

25 And when Josaphat and his people went to gather the spoil, 
they found cattle in abundance, and furniture and spoils and 
precious utensils. And when they had gathered the spoils 
(now they were three days collecting them, for they were 

26 many) on the fourth day they assembled in the valley of 
Praise ; for there they praised the Lord, and for that reason 
called the name of that place, Valley of Praise, which it retain- 

27 eth to this day. Then all Juda with Josaphat their leader, set 

28 out on their return to Jerusalem, with great joy. Because the 
Lord had caused them to rejoice over their enemies, therefore 
they made their entry into Jerusalem, with nablas and kinyras 

29 and trumpets, till they came to the house of the Lord. And 



Ch. XXL II. CHRONICLES. 

there was a dread of the Lord on all the kingdoms of the land, 
When they heard that the Lord fought against the enemies of 

30 Israel. So the kingdom of Josaphat enjoyed peace, and God 
gave him rest on every side. 

31 Now Josaphat began to reign over Juda when he was thirty 
five years of age, and he reigned twenty five years in Jerusa- 

32 lem ; and his mother's name was Azuba. She was a daughter 
of Sali. And he walked in the ways of his father Asa, and 
turned not aside from doing what was right in the sight of the 

33 Lord. But the high places still remained, and still the people 
did not direct their heart to the Lord the God of their fathers. 

34 Now the rest of the acts of Josaphat, first and last, behold they 
are written among the words of Jehu, son of Anani, who wrote 
the book of the kings of Israel. 

35 After the things above mentioned, Josaphat king of Juda 

36 entered into a partnership with Ochozias,king of Israel, and he 
offended in so doing, and in going to him to build vessels to sail 
to Tharsis. Therefore when he had built vessels at Gesion- 
gaber, Eliezer the son of Dodia, from Marisa, prophesied 
against Josaphat, saying, Because thou hast contracted a friend- 
ship with Ochozias, the Lord hath destroyed thy work, and 
thy vessels are wrecked so that they could not go to Tharsis. 

XXI. When Josaphat slept with his fathers, he was buried in 

2 the city of David, and his son Joram reigned in his stead. Now 
he had six brothers sons of Josaphat, namely, Azarias and 
Jciel, and Zacharias and Azarias, and Michael and Zaphatias. 

3 All these were sons of Josaphat king of Juda. And their father 
gave them many gifts, silver and gold, and arms and walled ci- 
ties in Judea, and he gave the kingdom to Joram, because he 

4 was his first born. And when Joram attained the kingdom, 
and had strengthened himself, he slew all his brothers with the 

5 sword, and some of the chiefs of Israel. Joram was thirty two 
years old when he came to the throne, and he reigned eight years 

6 in Jerusalem. And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, 
and as the house of Achab did ; for his wife was a daughter of 

7 Achab. But though he did evil in the sight of the Lord, the 
Lord would not utterly destroy the house of David, because of 
the covenant which he had made with David, and because he 
had promised him. to give him and his sons a lamp continually. 



Ch. XXII. II. CHRONICLES. 

8 In those days Edom revolted from Juda, and set up a king ovei 

9 themselves. And though Joram went with the chiefs and all the 
cavalry with him ; and though it happened that he arose by 
night and smote Edom who had surrounded him, and the 
commanders of the chariots, and the people fled to their tents, 
yet Edom revolted from Juda, and have continued the revolt 

10 to this day. At that time also, Lomna revolted from his autho- 
rity, because he had forsaken the Lord the God of his fathers. 

11 For he erected high places in the cities of Juda, and caused 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a \vhoring, and led Juda 

12 astray. And there came to him in writing, a message from 
Elias the prophet, saying, Thus saith the Lord God of David 
thy father, Because thou hast not walked in the way of thy fa- 

13 ther Josaphat, nor in the ways of Asa, king of Juda ; but hast 
walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and caused Juda and 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, as the house of 
Achab hath done, and hast slain thy brothers the sons of thy 

14 father, better men than thyself, behold the Lord will smite thee 
with a great stroke in thy people, and in thy sons and in thy 

15 wives, and in all thy family ; and thou thyself shalt be afflicted 
with a grievous sickness and disorder in thy bowels, until thy 
bowels shall come out with the disorder, from year to year. 

16 So the Lord stirred up against Joram, the Philistines and the 

17 Arabians, and those who bordered on the Ethiopeans ; and 
they came up against Juda and subdued them, and carried 
away all the family which they found in the king's house, with 
his sons and his daughters, so that he had not a son left except 

18 Ochozias the youngest of his sons. And after all this, the Lord 
smote him with an incurable disorder in his bowels, which 

19 continued from year to year. And at the end of two years, his 
bowels came out with the disorder, and he died of a grievous 
sickness. And the people made no funeral procession for him, 

20 like the procession for his fathers. He was thirty two years old 
when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusa- 
lem, and departed unlamented, and was buried in the city of 

XXII. David, but not in the tombs of the kings; and the inha- 
bitants of Jerusalem made Ochozias, his youngest son, king in 
his stead. Because the plundering band of Arabians and Ali- 
mazonians, who had come against them, had slain all the eld- 



Ch. XXII. II. CHRONICLES. 

est, therefore Ochozias, son of Joram king of Juda, was made 
king. 

2 Ochozias was twenty years old when he began to reign, and 
he reigned one year in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was 

3 .Gotholia. She was a daughter of Ambri. And he walked in 
the way of the house of Achab. Because his mother was his 

4 counsellor to incite him to sin, therefore he did evil in the 
sight of the Lord, like the house of Achab. For after the death 

5 of his father, they were his counsellors to his destruction, and 
he walked by their advice, and went with Joram the son of 
Achab, king of Israel, to war against Azael, king of Syria, at 

6 Ramoth Galaad. And when the archers had smitten Joram, 
and he returned to Jezrael to be cured of the wounds which 
were given him by the Syrians, at Ramoth, when he fought 
Azael, king of Syria; Ochozias, son of Joram, king of Juda, 
went down to see Joram, son of Achab, at Jezrael, because he 

7 was sick. Now by the determination of God, this coming to 
Joram was the destruction of Ochozias; for when he came, 
Joram went out with him to Jehu, son of Namessi, who was 

8 the anointed of the Lord, to destroy the house of Achab. And 
it happened, that while Jehu was executing vengeance on the 
house of Achab, he met with the chiefs of Juda and the bre- 

9 thren of Ochozias who attended Ochozias; and having slain 
them, he ordered search to be made for Ochozias. And they 
found him under cure at Samaria and brought him to Jehu 
and slew him.. And they buried him; for they said he is a de- 
scendant of Josaphat, who sought the Lord with his whole 
heart. 

10 Now there was none of the house of Ochozias, capable of 
asserting his claim to the kingdom; so when Gotholia, the 
mother of Ochozias, saw that her son was dead, she arose and 

1 1 slew all the royal seed in the house of Juda. But Josabeth the 
king's daughter, took Joas son of Ochozias — having stolen 
him from among the children of the king who were slain, she 
put him and his nurse in a chamber of beds and hid them. 
Now Josabeth, who was a daughter of king Joram and sister 
of Ochozias, was the wife of Jodae the priest. So he hid him 
from the sight of Gotholia that she did not kill him ; and he re- 



Ch. XXIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

mained with him hid in the house of the Lord six years, and 
Gotholia reigned over the land. 
XXIII. But in the eighth year Jodae strengthened himself, 
and took the captains of hundreds, namely, Azarias son of 
Joram, and Ismael son of Joanan, and Azarias son of Obed, 
and Maasias son of Adia, and Elisaphan son of Zacharias, with 

2 him into the house of the Lord. And when they had made a 
circuit round Juda, and had assembled the Levites out of all 
the cities of Juda and the chiefs of the patriarchal families of 

3 Israel ; and they were come to Jerusalem, the whole congre- 
gation of Juda, made a covenant with the king in the house 
of God. Now when he shewed them the king's son he said to 
them, Behold the king's son ! Let him be king as the Lord 

4 hath spoken to the house of David. Now this is what you 
must do, Let the third of you, the priests and Levites, come 
in on the sabbath, to guard the outer gates ; and a third of 

5 you be at the king's house, and the other third at the middle 

6 gate; and all the people in the courts of the house of the 
Lord ; and let none enter the house of the Lord, but the priests 
and the Levites. Such of the Levites as are on duty may 
come in for they are holy. But let all the people keep the 

7 watches of the Lord. And let the Levites encompass the king 
round about, every man with his weapon in his hand ; and 
whoever cometh into the house, let him be put to death. And 
they shall be with the king, when he cometh in and goeth out. 

8 So the Levites and all the chiefs of Juda did according to all 
that Jodae the priest commanded them, and they took every 
man his men, who were to be on duty from the beginning to 

9 the end of the week ; for Jodae the priest did not break the 
courses ; and Jodae gave them the swords, and shields, and 
arms which belonged to king David, and were in the house 

10 of God. And when he had stationed all the people every one 
with his arms from the right corner of the house, to the left 

11 corner of the altar, and the house all around about the king, 
he brought out the king's son, and put upon him the ensign 
of royalty, and the testimonies. And Jodae the priest and his 
sons, proclaimed him king, and anointed him with oil and 

12 said, Live the king! And when Gotholia heard the noise of 
the people running, and proclaiming, and praising the king, she 



Ch. XXIV. II. CHRONICLES. 

went to the king, to the house of the Lord, and looked, and 

13 lo ! the king was on his platform, and at the entrance were 
the chiefs, with the trumpets. And the chiefs around the king, 
and all the people of the land, were full of joy ; and the trum- 
pets were sounding, accompanied by musicians with their in- 
struments of musick, and the singers singing songs of praise. 
Upon which she rent her robe and cried with a loud voice, 

14 Treason ! Treason ! Thereupon Jodae the priest went out, 
and gave orders to the captains of hundreds, and the chief 
officers of the army, and said to them, Drive her out of the 
house, and go after her and put her to death with the sword. 
Because the priest said, Let her not be put to death in the 

15 house of the Lord, therefore they opened a passage for her, and 
when she had gone out through the horse gate, of the king's 

16 house, they put her to death there. Then Jodae made a cove- 
nant between the Lord, and the people and the king, that they 

17 would be the Lord's people. And all the people of the land, 
went to the house of Baal and demolished it, and his altars, 
and broke to pieces his idols, and slew Matthan the priest of 

18 Baal before his altars. And Jodae the priest committed the 
works of the house of the Lord to the priests and the Levitea, 
and re-established the courses of the priests, and the Levites, 
into which David had distributed them. And they offered 
whole burnt offerings to the Lord, as it was written in the law 
of Moses, with gladness and with hymns, composed by Da- 

19 vid. And the keepers of the gates attended at the gates of the 
house of the Lord, that none might enter who was in any re- 

20 spect unclean. Then he took the patriarchs and the mighties, 
and the chiefs of the people, and all the people of the land, and 
they brought up the king to the house of the Lord, thence he 

21 passed through the inner gate to the house of the king, and they 
seated him on the throne of the kingdom ; and all the people 
of the land rejoiced ; for the city was quiet, after they had slain 
Gotholia. 

XXIV. Joas was seven years old when he began to reign and 
he reigned forty years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was 

2 Sabia of Bersabee. And Joas did what was right in the 

3 sight of the Lord, all the days of Jodae the priest. And Jodae 
took for him two wives who bore him sons and daughters. 

4 And after this it came into Joas's heart, to repair the house of 



Ch. XXIV. II. CHRONICLES. 

5 the Lord. Therefore he assembled the priests and the Levites 
and said to them, Go out into the cities of Juda and collect 
money from all Israel to repair the house of the Lord from 

6 year to year, and use diligence in speaking. And when the Le- 
vites made no speed, king Joas called Jodae the chief, and said 
to him, Why hast thou not watched over the Levites, to oblige 
them to bring in from Juda and Jerusalem, what is ordained 
by Moses the man of God. And as he had assembled all Is- 

7 rael to the tabernacle of the testimony, because Gotholia that 
wicked woman and her sons had plundered the house of God, 
and had applied the holy things of the house of the Lord to 

8 the Baalims, therefore the king said, Let a chest be made, and 

9 set at the gate of the house of the Lord on the outside, and 
let proclamation be made in Juda and Jerusalem, to bring in 
for the Lord, as Moses the servant of God enjoined on Israel, 

10 in the wilderness. Then all the chiefs and the people gave — 

11 they brought, and cast into the chest, until it was full, and 
then the chest was carried by the Levites to the king's over- 
seers. When they saw that there was much money in it, the 
king's secretary, and the high priest's overseer, emptied the 

12 chest, and set it again in its place. Thus they did from day to 
day. And when they had collected much money, the king and 
Jodae the priest, gave it to the workmen, for the service of the 
house of the Lord : and they hired masons and carpenters, to re- 
pair the house of the Lord, and manufacturers of iron and brass, 

13 to furnish the house of the Lord with utensils. So the work- 
men wrought, and the work advanced under their hands, and 
they re-established the house of the Lord in its former state, 

14 and strengthened it. And when they had finished, they brought 
the remainder of the money, to the king and Jodae. And 
when they had made utensils for the house of the Lord, im- 
plements used in the service of burnt offerings, and censers 
of gold and silver, they offered whole burnt offerings in the 
house of the Lord continually, all the days of Jodae. 

15 When Jodae was old, being full of days, he died at the age 
of a hundred and thirty years, and they buried him in the city 

1G of David with the kings, because he had exercised goodness 

with respect to Israel, and with respect to God and his house. 

17 And after the death of Jodae the chiefs of Juda came and paid 



Ch. XXV. II. CHRONICLES. 

18 homage to the king; and the king hearkened to them. And they 
forsook the house of the Lord God of their fathers, and served 
the Astartes and the idols, and there was wrath against Juda 

19 and against Jerusalem at that time. When he had sent prophets 
to them to turn them to the Lord, and they would not hearken — 
when he had testified against them and they would not obey ; 

20 then the Spirit of God came upon Azarias the priest, the son 
of Jodae, and he stood above the people and said, Thus saith 
the Lord, Why do you transgress the commandments of the 
Lord? You cannot prosper. Because you have forsaken the 

21 Lord, therefore he will forsake you. Upon this they fell upon 
him and stoned him by the command of the king, in the court 

22 of the house of the Lord. Thus Joas remembered not the kind- 
ness which Jodae his father had done him, but put to death his 
son, and when he was dying he said, May the Lord see and 

23 judge. And it came to pass that at the end of the year, the ar- 
my of Syria came up against him. They came up against Juda 
and Jerusalem, and having destroyed all the chiefs of the peo- 
ple, among the people, they sent the spoils of them to the king of 

24 Damascus. Though the army of Syria consisted of but few men, 
yet God delivered a very great army into their hands, because 

25 they had forsaken the Lord the God of their fathers. On Joas also 
he executed judgment : for after they were gone from him, as he 
was left in great distress, his servants conspired against him, 
for the blood of the son of Jodae the priest, and put him to death 
on his bed. And when he was dead, they buried him in the 

26 city of David, but not in the tomb of the kings. Now they 
who conspired against him were Zabeb the son of Samaath the 
Ammonite, and Jozabed the son of Samareth the Moabite, and 

27 all his sons, for the five were with him. Now as for the rest of 
his acts, behold they are written in the book of the kings. And 
Amasias his son reigned in his stead. 

XXV. Amasias was twenty five years old when he began to 
reign, and he reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem, and his 

2 mother's name was Joadaen of Jerusalem ; and he did what was 

3 right in the sight of the Lord, but not with a perfect heart. Now 
when the kingdom was established in his hand, he put to death 

4 his servants who had slain the king his father. But, according 
to the covenant of the law of the Lord, he did not put to death 

VOL. II. π h 



Ch. XXV. Π. CHRONICLES. 

their children, as it is written — as the Lord commanded saying, 
Fathers shall not be put to death for children ; nor shall child- 
ren be put to death for fathers ; but they shall die every one 

5 for his own crime. Then Amasias assembled the house of Juda 
and appointed them according to the houses of their patriarchal 
families, to be captains of thousands and captains of hundreds 
throughout all Juda and Jerusalem. And having numbered 
them from twenty years old and upwards, he found them to 
be three hundred thousand, able to go forth to war armed with 

6 spears and shields. Then he hired from Israel a hundred chi- 
liads, men mighty in power, for a hundred talents of silver. 

7 But there came to him a man of God and said, Ο king, the army 
of Israel must not go with thee, for the Lord is not with Israel. 

8 For if thou thinkest to strengthen thyself with any of these 
Ephraimites, the Lord will rout thee before the enemy ; for it 

9 is in the power of the Lord to strengthen or to rout. And 
Amasias said to the man of God, But what must I do in re- 
spect to the hundred talents which I have given to the army of 
Israel ? To which the man of God replied, It is in the power of 

10 the Lord to give thee more than that. Then Amasias separated 
from the army which had come to him from Ephraim, that 
they might go to their place. Thereupon they were greatly 
incensed against Juda, and returned to their place in a rage. 

11 And Amasias strengthened himself, and took his own people 
and went to the valley of salt, and there smote of the sons of 

12 Seir ten thousand. And the children of Juda took ten thou- 
sand alive and carried them to the top of a precipice, and threw 
them down from the top of the precipice, so that they were all 

13 dashed to pieces. Now the soldiers of the army which Ama- 
sias had sent back, that they should not go with him to battle, 
had fallen on the cities of Juda from Samaria to Baithoron and 
had smitten of them three thousand, and carried off much spoil. 

14 And it happened that after Amasias came from smiting Idu- 
mea, a person brought him the gods of the children of Seir, and 
he set them up to be his gods, and bowed down before them 

15 and sacrificed to them: therefore the wrath of the Lord was 
against Amasias, and he sent a prophet to him and said to him, 
Why hast thou sought the gods of this people, which could 

16 not deliver their own people out of thy hand? But while the 



Ch. XXVI. II. CHRONICLES. 

prophet was speaking to him he said to him, Have I made thee 
a counsellor of the king? Forbear, lest thou be scourged. 
Thereupon the prophet held his peace, for I know, said he, 
that he hath determined to destroy thee, because thou hast done 

17 this, and hast not hearkened to my counsel. Then Amasias 
king of Juda took counsel and sent to Joas, son of Joachaz, son 
of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come and let us look each 

18 other in the face. Upon which Joas king of Israel sent to Ama- 
sias king of Juda saying, The thistle on Libanus sent to the 
cedar on Libanus saying, Give thy daughter to my son for 
a wife. But lo ! the wild beasts on Libanus will come — nay 
the wild beasts on Libanus did come and trample down the 

19 thistle. Thou hast said, Behold I have smitten Idumea, there- 
fore thy stupid heart lifteth thee up. Abide now at home : 
why dost thou take counsel to thy hurt, that thou mayst fall 

20 and Juda with thee ? But Amasias would not hearken, for the 
Lord had determined to deliver him up, because he sought 

21 the gods of the Idumeans. So Joas king of Israel went up ; 
and he and Amasias king of Juda looked each other in the 

22 face at Baithsamys, which belongeth to Juda. And Juda was 

23 routed before Israel, and fled every man to his habitation. And 
Joas king of Israel took Amasias king of Juda, son of Joas, son 
of Joachaz, at Baithsamys and brought him to Jerusalem, and 
broke down of the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim 

24 to the gate of the corner, four hundred cubits ; and he took 
all the gold and silver, and all the vessels found in the house 
of the Lord, and in the custody of Abdedom ; and the treasures 
of the king's house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria. 

25 And Amasias the son of Joas, king of Juda, lived after the 
death of Joas, the son of Joachaz, king of Israel, fifteen years. 

26 Now the rest of the acts of Amasias, first and last, behold, are 
they not written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel ? 

27 And when Amasias departed wholly from the Lord, they 
formed a conspiracy against him ; whereupon he fled from Je- 

28 rusalem to Lachis ; but they sent after him to Lachis, and 
there put him to death, and they brought him up on horses, 
and buried him with his fathers in the city of David. 

XXVI. And all the people of the country took Ozias when he 
was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his 



Ch. XXVI. II. CHRONICLES. 

2 father Amasias. He had rebuilt Ailath and restored it to Ju- 

3 da, after the king slept with his fathers. Ozias was sixteen 
years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty two 
years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was Jechelia, of 

4 Jerusalem. And he did that which was right in the sight of 
the Lord, according to all that his father Amasias had done ; 

5 and he continued to seek the Lord all the days of Zacharias, 
who instructed him in the fear of the Lord. In his days in- 

6 deed he sought the Lord, and the Lord prospered him. And 
he went out and warred against the Philistines, and demolish- 
ed the walls of Geth, and the walls of Jabner, and the walls of 
Azotus, and rebuilt the cities of Azotus, and among the Phi- 

7 listines. And the Lord strengthened him against the Philis- 
tines, and against the Arabs, who dwelt in Petra, and against 

8 the Minaians. So that the Minaians gave gifts to Ozias; for 
his fame reached even to the entrance of Egypt ; for he was 

9 very powerful. And Ozias built towers in Jerusalem — that 
over the gate of the corner, and that over the gate of the val- 

10 ley, and those on the corners. And when he had fortified it, he 
built towers in the wilderness, and dug many wells, for he had 
much cattle at Sephale, and in the plains, and vine dressers in 
the hilly country, and on Karmel, for he was fond of husband- 

11 ry. Moreover Ozias had an army of fighting men, which went 
out in array for battle, and came in, in array, to be numbered. 
And they were numbered by Jeiel the scribe and Maasias the 
judge, under the direction of Ananias the king's lieutenant. 

12 The whole number of the chiefs, the officers of the army, was 
two thousand six hundred ; and the army of fighting men 
with them was three hundred and seven thousand five hun- 
dred. These were trained for battle to assist the king against 

14 enemies. And Ozias provided for them — for all this army, 
shields and spears, and helmets, and breast plates, and bows, 

15 and slings to cast stones. And he made in Jerusalem ma- 
chines, contrived with great art, to be placed in the towers 
and at the corners, for shooting darts and throwing huge 
stones. And the fame of his preparations was spread far and 
wide, for he was wonderfully assisted until he became exceed- 

16 ing strong. But when he became strong his heart was elated 
to his destruction ; for he trespassed against the Lord his God 



Ch. XXVII. II. CHRONICLES. 

and went into the temple of the Lord to burn incense on the 

17 altar of incense. And Azarias the priest went in after him and 

18 with him eighty priests of the Lord, valiant men. And they 
withstood king Ozias and said to him, it doth not belong to 
thee, Ozias, to burn incense to the Lord ; but only to the priests 
the sons of Aaron who are consecrated to burn incense. Go 
out of the sanctuary, for thou hast revolted from the Lord, and 

19 this will not be for honour to thee from the Lord God. At this 
Ozias was inflamed with wrath, and had in his hand the censer 
to burn incense in the temple. But when his anger kindled 
against the priests, the leprosy broke out on his forehead, be- 
fore the priests, in the house of the Lord, at the altar of incense. 

20 And when Azarias the chief priest, with the other priests, 
turned towards him, behold he was leprous on the forehead, 
so they hurried him out thence. He indeed himself hasted to 

21 go out, because the Lord had convicted him. So Ozias the 
king was a leper to the day of his death, and as a leper, 
dwelt in the house Apphusoth ; for he was cut off from the 
house of the Lord, and Joatham, his son, was over the king- 

22 dom, administering justice to the people of the land. Now the 
rest of the acts of Ozias, the first and the last, are written by 

23 Jessias the prophet. And when Ozias slept with his fathers, 
they buried him in the field of the burying place of the kings ; 
for they said he is a leper. And Joatham his son, reigned in 
his stead. 

XXVII. Joatham was twenty five years old when he began 
to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem ; and his 
mother's name was Jerusa. She was a daughter of Sadok. 

2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, ac- 
cording to all that his father Ozias had done ; but he did not go 

3 into the temple of the Lord. Though the people were still 
corrupt, he built the high gate of the house of the Lord; and 

4 on the wall Opel he built much. On Mount Juda and in the 

5 forest, he also built castles and towers. He fought the king of 
the Ammonites and prevailed against him; so that the Am- 
monites gave him yearly, a hundred talents of silver and ten 
thousand cores of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. These 
the king of the Ammonites brought him yearly, during the 

G first, second and third year. Joatham prevailed because he 



Ch. XXVIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

7 prepared his ways before the Lord his God. Now the rest of 
the acts of Joatham, and his wars and his doings, behold they 
9 are written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel. And 
Joatham slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of 
David, and Achaz his son reigned in his stead. 
XXVIII. Achaz was twenty years old when he began to 

reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not 
do what was right in the sight of the Lord, like his father Da- 

2 vid, but walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and made 

3 graven images ; and for their idols in the land of Benennom he 
actually caused his children to pass through fire, according to 
the abominable acts of those nations which the Lord had rooted 

4 out from before the Israelites. He burned incense also on the 
high places, and on the tops of houses and under every shady 

5 tree. So the Lord his God delivered him into the hand of the 
king of Syria, who smote him, and took many of them cap- 
tives, and carried them to Damascus. He delivered him also 
into the hands of the king of Israel, who smote him with a great 

6 slaughter. Indeed Phakee, the son of Romelias, king of Israel, 
slew of Juda in one day, a hundred and twenty chiliads of the 
men mighty in power, because they had forsaken the Lord, 

7 the God of their fathers. Zechri also, the chieftain of Ephraim, 
slew Maasias the king's son, and Ezrikan, the leader of his 

8 house, and Elkana, the lieutenant of the king. And the Israel- 
ites carried away captive, of their brethren, three hundred chi- 
liads, including married women, sons and daughters. And 

9 they took from them much spoil. But as they were carrying 
the spoils to Samaria, there was there a prophet of the Lord, 
whose name was Oded, who went out to meet the army com- 
ing to Samaria, and said to them, Behold the anger of the Lord 
God of your fathers is against Juda, and he hath delivered 
them into your hands, and you have slain them with a rage 

10 which hath reached up to heaven. And now you purpose to 
keep the children of Juda and Jerusalem, for men slaves and 
women slaves ! Behold am not I with you to testify to the Lord 

11 your God ? Now therefore hearken to me, and send back these 
captives whom you have taken of your brethren ; for the anger 

12 of the Lord is on you. Upon this there arose certain chiefs of 
the Ephraimites, namely, Oudejas the son of Joanas, and Ba- 



Ch. XXVIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

rachias the son of Mosolamoth, and Ezekias the son of Sellem, 
and Amasias the son of Eldai, against them who came from 

13 the war, and said to them, You shall not bring these captives 
here to us, for that would be to bring your guilt on us. Because 
you have sinned against the Lord, do you mean to lay it on us, 
to add to our sins and to heighten our folly, because our sins 
are many, and the fervent anger of the Lord is hanging over 

14 Israel? Thereupon the warriors left the captives and the spoils 

15 before the chiefs and the whole congregation. And the chiefs 
above mentioned arose and took the captives, and out of the 
spoils cloathed all who were naked. And when they had cloath- 
ed them and shod them, and had given them something to eat 
and to anoint themselves, they took up on asses all who were 
weak, and carried them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to 
their brethren, and then returned to Samaria. 

16 At that time king Achaz sent to the king of Assur for as- 

17 sistance, because the Idumeans had invaded and smitten Juda 

18 and carried off captives. The Philistines also had fallen upon 
the cities of the plain and in the southern border of Juda, and 
had taken Baithsamus. But after he had given the king the 
treasures in the house of the Lord, and the treasures in the 
house of the king, and the chiefs, they took Ailon and Galero, 
and Socho, and the villages thereof, and Thamna and the vil- 
lages thereof, and Gamzo and the villages thereof, and settled 

19 there: Because the Lord humbled Juda on the account of 
Achaz, king of Juda, because he had greatly apostatised from 

20 the Lord, therefore Thalgathphallasar came upon him and af- 

21 flicted him. Though Achaz took the treasures in the house of 
the Lord, and the treasures in the house of the king, and the 

22 chiefs, and gave them to the king of Assur, yet he was of no 
service to him, but only added to his distress, and contributed 

23 to his apostacy from the Lord. For king Achaz said, I will 
seek the gods of Damascus who smite me. Because, said he, 
the gods of the king of Syria strengthen them, therefore I will 
sacrifice to them and they will help me. But they were the ruin 

24 of him and of all Israel. Now when Achaz had taken away 
the vessels of the house of the Lord, and chopped them to 
pieces, he shut up the doors of the house of the Lord, and 

25 made himself altars in every corner of Jerusalem, and erected 



Ch. XXIX. II. CHRONICLES. 

high places in every city of Juda, to burn incense to strange 
gods. So they provoked to wrath the Lord the God of their fa- 

26 thers. Now the rest of his acts and his doings, first and last, be- 
hold they are written in the book of the kings of Juda and Israel. 

27 And when Achaz slept with his fathers, he was buried in the 
city of David, .but they did not carry him to the tombs of the 
kings of Israel. And Ezekias his son, reigned in his stead. 

XXIX. Ezekias was twenty five years old when he began to 
reign, and he reigned twenty nine years in Jerusalem ; and his 
mother's name was Abia. She was a daughter of Zacharias. 

2 He did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, according 

3 to all that his father David had done. Accordingly when he 
was settled in his kingdom, in the first month he opened the 

4 doors of the house of the Lord and repaired them. Then he 
brought in the priests and the Levites, and having placed them 

5 on the east side, he said to them, Hearken, ye Levites, sanc- 
tify now yourselves, and hallow the house of the Lord God of 
your fathers, and remove the uncleanness out of the Holies. 

6 Because our fathers apostatised, and did evil in the sight of the 
Lord our God, and forsook him, and turned away their face 

7 from the tabernacle of the Lord, and hardened their neck, and 
shut the doors of the temple and extinguished the lamps, and did 
not burn incense, nor offer whole burnt offerings in this holy 

8 place, to the God of Israel ; therefore the Lord hath been provok- 
ed to wrath against Juda and Jerusalem, and hath made them an 
astonishment and a desolation, and an object of pity, as you see 

9 with your eyes. For behold your fathers have been smitten with 
the sword, and your sons and your daughters and your wives, 

10 are in captivity, in a strange land, as is now the case. In this si- 
tuation of aifairs, I have it now at heart to enter into a covenant 
with the Lord God of Israel, that he may turn away his fierce 

11 anger from us. Now therefore be not backward, seeing the 
Lord hath made choice of you to stand before him, to minister, 
and to be continually employed in his service, and in offering 

12 incense. Thereupon these Levites arose, namely, Maath, the 
son of Amasi, and Joel, the son of Azarias of the Kaathites; 
and of the Merarites, Kis, the son of Abdi, and Azarias, the 
son of Ilaelel ; and of the Gersonites, Jodad, the son of Zem- 

13 math, and Joadam, who were descendants of Joacha; and of 



Ch. XXIX. II. CHRONICLES. 

the Elisaphanites, Zambri and Jeiel; and of the Asaphites, Za- 

14 charias and Matthanias ; and of the Aimonites, Jeiel and Se- 

15 mei; and of the Idithunites, Samaias and Oziel; and having 
assembled their brethren, they purified themselves according 
to the king's command, in the manner prescribed by the Lord, 

16 that they might purify the house of the Lord. And the priests 
went into the inner part of the house of the Lord to purify it, 
and threw out all the filth, found in the house of the Lord, 
into the court of the Lord's house ; and the Levites took it 

17 up and threw it out into the brook Kedron. On the first day 
of the first month, at the new moon, they began to purify. And 
on the eighth day of the month, they came to the temple of 
the Lord. And having purified the house of the Lord in eight 
days, and completely finished on the thirteenth of the first 

18 month, they went to king Ezekias, and said, We have puri- 
fied all that are in the house of the Lord, the altar of whole 
burnt offerings, with the utensils thereof, and the table for the 

19 presence loaves, with its utensils, and have prepared and hal- 
lowed all the utensils which king Achaz polluted in his reign, 
during his apostasy. Behold they are before the altar of the 

20 Lord. Thereupon king Ezekias arose early in the morning, 
and having assembled the chiefs of the city, he went up to 
the house of the Lord, and offered up seven young bulls, seven 

21 rams, seven lambs, seven kids of the goats, for a sin offering 
for the kingdom and for the holies, and for Israel. And he or- 
dered the priests, the sons of Aaron, to offer them upon the altar 

22 of the Lord. So when they slew the young bulls, the priests 
received the blood and poured it against the altar; and when 
they slew the rams, they poured the blood against the altar ; and 
when they slew the lambs they poured the blood around the 

23 altar. Then they brought forward the goats, for a sin offering, 
before the king and the congregation ; and they laid their hands 

24 on them ; and the priests slew them. And when they made 
atonement with their blood against the altar, they made it for all 
Israel, because the king said, The whole burnt offerings, and 
the sin offerings are for all Israel. 

25 Now he had stationed the Levites in the house of the Lord 
with cymbals and with nablas and kinyras, according to the 
command of David the king, and of Gad the king's seer, and 

VOL. II. ι i 



Ch. XXX. II. CHRONICLES. 

of Nathan the prophet. For the institution was ordained at the 

26 command of the Lord, by the ministry of prophets. So the 
Levites stood with the musical instruments of David, and the 

27 priests with the trumpets. And when Ezekias gave orders to 
carry up the whole burnt offering on the altar, and they began 
to carry it up, the musicians began the song of praise to the 
Lord, and the trumpets sounded in concert with the musical 
instruments of David king of Israel, and all the congregation 

28 worshipped. And the musicians continued singing, and the 
trumpets sounding until the whole burnt offering was finished. 

29 And when they who carried it up, had completely finished, 

30 the king, and all present, bowed down. And when they had 
worshipped, Ezekias the king, and the chiefs, ordered the 
Levites to praise the Lord, in the words of David, and of 
Asaph the prophet. And when they had sung praises with 

31 gladness, they fell on their faces and worshipped. Then Eze- 
kias addressing the people, said, As you have now filled your 
hands for the Lord, present and bring the sacrifices of thanks- 
giving for the household of the Lord. Thereupon the congre- 
gation brought up sacrifices and thank offerings for the house- 
hold of the Lord, and every one liberally disposed brought 

32 whole burnt offerings. And the number for the whole burnt 
offerings, which the congregation offered, was seventy young 

33 bulls, a hundred rams, two hundred lambs. All these were for 
a whole burnt offering to the Lord. And there were hallowed 

34 six hundred young bulls and three thousand sheep. And as 
the priests were but few, and could not flay the whole burnt 
offerings, the Levites their brethren helped them, until the 
work was finished, and until the priests had purified them- 
selves. For the Levites had purified themselves with more 

35 promptitude than the priests. So the whole burnt offering was 
abundant with the suet of the thank offerings and the libations 
of the burnt offerings. Thus was the service re-established in 

36 the house of the Lord; and Ezekias and all the people re- 
joiced, because God had made provision for the people. For 
the thing was done suddenly. 

XXX. Then Ezekias sent to all Israel and Juda, and wrote 
letters to Ephraim and Manasses, to come to the house of the 
Lord at Jerusalem, to celebrate the passover to the Lord God 



Ch. XXX. II. CHRONICLES. 

2 of Israel. Now the king, and the chiefs, and all the congrega- 
tion at Jerusalem, had come to a determination to keep the 

3 passover in the second month ; for they could not keep it at 
that time, because a sufficient number of priests was not puri- 

4 fied, nor were the people assembled at Jerusalem. And as this 

5 was agreed on by the king and the whole congregation, there- 
fore they determined to make proclamation, throughout all Is- 
rael, from Bersabee to Dan, that they might come and keep 
the passover, to the Lord God of Israel, at Jerusalem, because 

6 a multitude had not done it according to the scripture. So the 
expresses went with letters from the king, and the chiefs, to all 
Israel and Juda, according to the decree of the king, saying, 
Children of Israel, return to the Lord God of Abraham and 
Isaak and Israel, and bring back the remnant who have escap- 

7 ed from the hand of the king of Assur. And be not like your 
fathers and your brethren, who apostatised from the Lord God 
of their fathers, and whom he delivered up to desolation, as 

8 you yourselves see. Now therefore be not stubborn as your 
fathers were. Give glory to the Lord God, and come to his 
sanctuary, which he hath hallowed forever, and serve the Lord 
your God, and he will turn away his fierce indignation from 

9 you. For by your turning to the Lord, your brethren and 
your children will find compassion in the sight of all those 
who have captivated them ; and he will bring them back to 
this land. For the Lord our God is gracious and merciful, 
and will not turn away his face from us, if we return to him. 

10 But while the expresses were passing from city to city, through 
mount Ephraim, and Manasses, till they came to Zabulon, 

11 they were treated as deriders and mockers. But the men of 
Aser, and some of Manasses and Zabulon were humbled, and 

12 came to Jerusalem, and to Juda. Now to these the hand of the 
Lord had given one heart to come and do what the king and 

13 the chiefs had commanded by a word of the Lord. So there 
assembled at Jerusalem much people to keep the festival of 
unleavened bread in the second month — a very great congre- 

14 gation. And after they had arisen, and demolished the altars 
which were in Jerusalem, and torn to pieces all on which they 
had burned incense to vanities, and thrown them into the brook 

15 Kedron, they killed the paschal lamb on the fourteenth of the 



Ch. XXX. II. CHRONICLES. 

second month. And as the priests and the Levites were hum- 
bled, and had purified themselves, they offered whole burnt 

16 offerings in the house of the Lord, and stood in their station 
according to the disposition made of them by the command 
of Moses, the man of God ; and the priests received the blood 

17 from the hands of the Levites. Because there were many of 
the congregation who were not purified, therefore the Levites 
had it in charge to kill the paschal lamb, for every one who 

18 had not been able to purify himself to the Lord. And because 
most of the people from Ephraim, and Manasses, and Issachar, 
and Zabulon, had not purified themselves, but ate the passover 
contrary to the scripture, therefore Ezekias prayed for them 

19 on this account and said, The good Lord make atonement for 
every heart which hath directed its course to seek the Lord the 
God of their fathers, although not according to the purification 

20 of the sanctuary. And the Lord hearkened to Ezekias, and 

21 healed the people. So the Israelites who were at Jerusalem, 
kept the festival of unleavened bread seven days, with great 
joy, joining in the hymns of praise to the Lord, which the 
priests and the Levites performed day by day to the Lord, on 
musical instruments. 

22 And when Ezekias had spoken comfortably to the Levites, 
and them whose understanding was well disposed to the Lord, 
and they had finished the festival of unleavened bread, which 
lasted seven days, offering sacrifices of thanksgiving, and sing- 

23 ing praises* to the Lord God of their fathers; the congregation 
took counsel together to keep other seven days, and kept other 

24 seven days with gladness. For Ezekias, in behalf of Juda, set 
apart for the congregation, a thousand beeves, and seven thou- 
sand sheep; and the chiefs, in behalf of the people, set apart a 
thousand beeves, and ten thousand sheep ; and the dedications 

25 of the priests were abundant. So the whole congregation, the 
priests and the Levites, and all the congregation of Juda, and all 
who were in Jerusalem, and the proselytes who came from Israel, 
and the inhabitants of Judea were filled with joy. And the joy in 

26 Jerusalem was great. From the days of Solomon son of David, 
king of Israel, there had not been such a festival in Jerusalem. 

27 Then the priests, the Levites arose and blessed the people, 
and their voice was heard, and their prayer reached his holy 



Ch. XXX?. Π- CHRONICLES. 

XXXI. habitation, even heaven. And when all this was finish- 
ed, all Israel who were present went out through the cities of 
Juda, and broke in pieces the pillars, and cut down the arbours, 
and demolished the high places, and the mounts, throughout 
all Judea and Benjamin, and out of all Ephraim and Manasses, 
till they were utterly destroyed. Then all Israel returned, even- 
one to his possession and to their cities. 

2 And Ezekias re-established the courses of the priests, and 
of' the Levites, and the courses of each individual among the 
priests and the Levites, according to his particular service for 
the burnt offerings, and for the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and 
to praise and give thanks, and to attend at the gates in the 

3 courts of the house of the Lord. And the king assigned a part 
of his substance for the morning and evening whole burnt of- 
ferings, and for the whole burnt offerings on the sabbaths, and 
at the new moons, and at the festivals prescribed in the law of 

4 the Lord. And the people who dwelt in Jerusalem were or- 
dered to give the portion which belonged to the priests and 
the Levites, that they might be enabled to attend to the ser- 

5 vice of the house of the Lord. And soon as he published the 
order, Israel brought, in abundance, dedications of corn and 
wine, and oil and honey. Both the children of Israel and of 
Juda, brought abundantly the productions of the field, and all 

6 the tythes. And they who dwelt in the cities of Juda brought 
the tythe of cattle and sheep, and the tythe of goats, and dedi- 

7 cated them to the Lord their God. And what they brought was 
stored up in heaps. The heaping was begun in the third month 

8 and finished in the seventh. And when Ezekias came with 
the chiefs, and saw the heaps, they blessed the Lord and his 

9 people Israel. Then Ezekias questioned the priests and the 
Levites, touching the heaps ; and Azarias the priest, the head 

10 of the house of Sadok, answered him and said, From the time 
the dedications began to be brought to the house of the Lord, 
we have eaten and drunk, and left in great abundance. Be- 
cause the Lord hath blessed his people, therefore we have this 
great superabundance left. Thereupon Ezekias ordered them 

] 2 to prepare store houses for the house of the Lord. And when 
they had prepared them, they stored up therein the dedications 
and the tythes for a common stock. And over them Chone- 
nias the Levite, was overseer, and his brother Semei was his 



Ch. XXXII. II. CHRONICLES. 

13 deputy. And Jeiel and Ozias, and Naeth and Asuel, and 
Jerimoth and Jozabad, and Eliel and Samachia, and Maath 
and Banaias, with his sons, were appointed store keepers, by 
Chonenias and his brother Semei, as Ezekias the king and 

14 Azarias the ruler of the house of the Lord commanded. And 
Kore, the son of Jemna the Levite, the keeper of the eastern 
gate, w r asover the free will offerings, to distribute by the agency 
of Edom, the oblations to the Lord, and the most holy things. 

15 And Benjamin and Jesus, and Semei and Amarias, and Secho- 
nias, were, by the agency of trusty priests, to distribute to 
their brethren, according to their courses, both to great and 
small, excepting infants, to every male from three years old 

16 and upwards — to every one who went into the house of the 
Lord, a stated portion every day for the service in the courses 

17 of their appointment; this being the enrollment of the priests 

18 according to their genealogy: but to the Levites, who in their 
courses were enrolled from twenty years old and upwards, 
distribution was to be made to the whole multitude, including 
infants, both male and female, because they had faithfully pu- 

19 rified the sanctuary. And of the Aaronites, who officiated as 
priests, there were some men of their cities, expressly nomi- 
nated in every city, to distribute a portion to every male among 
the priests, and to every one numbered among the Levites. 

20 Thus did Ezekias through all Juda, and he did what was 
right in the sight of the Lord his God. And in every work 
which he undertook in the service of the house of the Lord, 
and in the law and in the statutes, he sought his God with his 
whole heart, and did it and prospered. 

XXXII. Now after these acts and this faithfulness Sennache- 
rim king of the Assyrians came — He came against Juda and 
encamped against the walled cities and ordered them to be 

2 taken first. And when Ezekias saw that Sennacherim was 

3 come and that it was his purpose to attack Jerusalem he con- 
sulted with his elders, and the mighty men, about stopping up 

4 the waters of the wells, which were without the city. And as 
they encouraged him he assembled much people, and stopped 
up the waters of the wells, and the brook which ran through 
the city with an intent that the king of Assyria, might not 

5 come and find much water, and be strengthened. Ezekias 



Ch. XXXII. II. CHRONICLES. 

also took courage and rebuilt all the wall which had been de- 
molished, and the towers, and another outwork, and strength- 
ened the fortifications, of the city of David, and provided many 

6 arms, and appointed military officers over the people ; and 
having assembled them before him in the street of the valley 

7 gate, he spoke affectionately to them, and said, Take courage 
and behave like men, and be not terrified nor dismayed, because 
of the king of Assur,and because of all the multitude with him; 

8 for there are more with us than with him. With him are arms 
of flesh ; but with us is the Lord our God to save, and to fight 
our battle. So the people were encouraged by the words of Eze- 

9 kias king of Juda. After this Sennacherim, king of the Assyri- 
ans, sent his servants against Jerusalem. While he himself with 
his main army lay before Lachis, he sent to Ezekias king of Ju- 

10 da and to all the Jews in Jerusalem saying, Thus saith Senna- 
cherim king of the Assyrians, On what do you rely, that you 

11 stand a siege in Jerusalem? Doth not Ezekias deceive you, that 
he may deliver you up to death, and to famine, and to thirst 
by saying, The Lord our God will save us out of the hand of 

12 the king of Assur ? Hath not this same Ezekias demolished his 
altars, and his high places, and given orders to Juda, and to 
the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, You shall worship before 

13 this altar, and upon it you shall burn incense ? Will you not 
consider what I and my fathers have done to all the tribes of 
these regions ? Have the gods of the nations of all this land, 

14 been able to save their people out of my hand ? Who is 
this of yours among all the gods of these nations which my 
father destroyed, who were not able to save their people out 
of my hand, that he should be able to save you out of my 

15 hand? Now therefore let not Ezekias deceive you, nor cause 
you to trust in this manner. Do not believe him. For as there 
is no god of any nation or kingdom who is able to save his 
people out of my hand, or hath been able to save out of the 
hand of my fathers, therefore your God cannot save you out of 

16 my hand. And besides what his servants spoke against the 
Lord God, and against his servant Ezekias, he wrote a letter 

17 to reproach the Lord God of Israel, and spoke of him saying, 
As the gods of the nations of the earth have not delivered 
their peoples out of my hand, so neither can the God of Eze- 



Cb. XXXII. II. CHRONICLES. 

18 kias deliver his people out of my hand. Moreover he cried 
with a loud voice, in the Jewish language to the people of Je- 
rusalem, who were on the walls that he would assist them, in 

19 order to induce them to seize the city. And he spoke against 
the God of Jerusalem, as against the gods of the peoples of 

20 the earth, which are the works of men's hands. But when 
Ezekias the king, and Esaias son of Amos the prophet ad- 

21 dressed a prayer concerning these things, and cried to heaven, 
the Lord sent an angel who destroyed every mighty man, and 
warrior, including chief and general, in the camp of the king 
of Assur. So he returned with shame to his own land, and 
went to the house of his god, and some of them who sprang 

22 from his loins slew him with the sword. And when the Lord 
had saved Ezekias, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of 
the hands of Sennacherim, king of Assur, and out of the hand 

23 of all men, and had given them rest all around, many brought 
gifts for the Lord to Jerusalem, and presents to Ezekias king 
of Juda. And he was thenceforth magnified in the eyes of all 
the nations. 

24 In those days Ezekias was sick unto death, and he prayed 
to the Lord, who hearkened to him and gave him a sign. But 
Ezekias did not make a suitable return for the favour confer- 
red on him, but his heart was lifted up, so there was wrath 
against him, and against Juda and Jerusalem. Thereupon 
Ezekias humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he 
and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so the wrath of the Lord 
did not come upon them, during the days of Ezekias. 

27 Now Ezekias had riches and exceeding great glory, and 
he amassed for himself treasures of silver and gold and preci- 
ous stones; and he had store houses for spiceries, and places 

28 for depositing arms and costly utensils; and cities for storing 

29 corn, wine, and oil ; and towns and stalls for all sorts of cattle; 
and cots for his flocks ; and cities which he built for himself; 
and a vast multitude of flocks and herds ; for the Lord gave 

30 him substance in great abundance. It was Ezekias who stop- 
ped up the upper course of the waters of Geion, and directed 
them under ground to the south west of the city of David. 

31 And he was prospered in all his works. But in his transactions ι 
with the ambassadors from the chiefs of Babylon, who were 



Ch. XXXIII. II. CHRONICLES. 

sent to him to make inquiry touching the miracle which had 
been done in the land, the Lord left him to himself in order to 

32 try him, to know all that were in his heart. Now the rest of 
the acts of Ezekias and his goodness, behold they are written 
in the prophesy of the prophet Esaias son of Amos, and in the 

33 book of the kings of Juda and Israel. When Ezekias slept 
with his fathers they buried him in the uppermost of the tombs 
of the sons of David, and all Juda and the inhabitants of Jeru- 
salem paid him distinguished honours at his death : and Ma- 
nasses his son reigned in his stead. 

XXXIII. Manasses was twelve years old when he began to 

2 reign, and he reigned fifty five years in Jerusalem, and did evil 
in the sight of the Lord, according to all the abominable acts 
of the nations which the Lord had rooted out from before the 

3 children of Israel. He restored and rebuilt the high places which 
his father Ezekias had demolished, and erected pillars to the 
Baalims, and made arbours, and worshipped the whole host of 

4 heaven and served them. Nay, he built altars in the house of 
the Lord, respecting which the Lord had said, In Jerusalem 

5 my name shall be forever — he built altars for the whole host 

6 of heaven, in the two courts of the house of the Lord. And 
he made his children pass through fire in the land of Benennom, 
And he consulted omens and auguries, and used enchantments 
and encouraged belly speakers and sorcerers, and multiplied 
the ways of doing evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him 

7 to wrath. He actually set up the graven and molten image 
which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had 
said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house and in 
Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, 

8 I will put my name forever, and I will no more remove the foot 
of Israel from the land which I have given to their fathers, pro- 
vided they be watchful to perform all that I have commanded 
them, according to all the law and the statutes and the judg- 

9 ments, by the hand of Moses. Now when Manasses had caused 
Juda and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go astray, and to do 
evil beyond all the nations which the Lord had destroyed from 

10 before the children of Israel ; and the Lord had spoken against 
Manasses and against his people, but they hearkened not, the 
Lord brought against them the chiefs of the army of the king 

VOL. II. Kk 



Ch. XXXIV. II. CHRONICLES. 

of Asur, and they took Manasses, and having bound him with 

12 chains and fetters they carried him to Babylon. And when he 
was afflicted he sought the favour of the Lord his God, and 
humbled himself exceedingly before the God of his fathers, 

13 and prayed to him, and he hearkened to him and heard his cry, 
and brought him back to Jerusalem to his kingdom. So Ma- 
nasses knew that the Lord himself is God. 

14 Now after these things he built a wall without the city of 
David, from the south west, fronting the south in the valley 
and along the street leading from the fish gate round to Opel, 
and raised it very high, and appointed military officers in all 

15 the walled cities of Juda. And he removed the strange gods 
and the graven image out of the house of the Lord, and all the 
altars which he had built on the mount of the house of the 

16 Lord, and in Jerusalem, and without the city. And having re- 
paired the altar of the Lord he offered thereon a sacrifice of 
thanksgiving and praise, and ordered Juda to serve the Lord 

17 God of Israel. But still the people sacrificed on the high places, 

18 but it was to the Lord their God. Now the rest of the acts of 
Manasses, and his prayer to God, and the words of the seers 

19 who spoke to him in the name of the God of Israel; and how 
God hearkened to him at the words of his prayer ; and all his 
sins and his apostasies ; and the places on which he built mounts 
and erected bowers, and graven images before his conversion — 

20 behold they are written among the words of the seers. And 
when Manasses slept with his fathers they buried him in the 
garden of his house, and Amon his son reigned in his stead. 

21 Amon was twenty two years old when he began to reign, 

22 and he reigned two years in Jerusalem, and did evil in the sight 
of the Lord as his father Manasses had done. For to all the 
idols which his father Manasses had made Amon burned in- 

23 cense, and served them, and did not humble himself before the 
Lord as Manasses his father had humbled himself. Because his 

24 son Amon multiplied transgression, therefore his servants rose 
upon him, and smote him in his house. And when the people 
of the country had slain those who conspired against king 
Amon, the people of the country made Josias his son king in 
his stead. 

XXXIV. Josias was eight years old when he began to reign. 



Ch. XXXIV. II. CHRONICLES. 

2 and he reigned thirty one years in Jerusalem, and did what 
was right in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the ways 
of David his father, without turning to the right or to the left. 

3 In the eighth year of his reign, while he was still a youth, he 
began to seek the Lord the God of his father David. And in 
the twelfth year of his reign, he began to cleanse Juda and Je- 
rusalem, from the high places and the bowers, and from their 

4 processions around altars, and from the molten images. And 
having caused to be torn down in his presence, the altars of 
the Baalims, and the high things which were on them, he cut 
down the bowers, and broke in pieces the graven and the 
molten images. And having beaten them to dust, he strewed 

5 it over the graves of them who had sacrificed to them, and 

6 burned the bones of the priests on the altars. And when he had 
cleansed Juda and Jerusalem, he proceeded on through the 
cities of Manasses, and Ephraim, and Symeon, and Nephtha- 
leim, and the places around them, and tore down the altars, 

7 and the bowers, and chopped to pieces the idols. And having 
demolished all the high places in all the land of Israel, he re- 
turned to Jerusalem. 

8 And in the eighteenth year of his reign, on purpose to 
cleanse the land and the house, he sent Saphan son of Eselia, 
and Maasa, the ruler of the city, and Juach son of Joachaz 

9 his recorder to repair the house of the Lord his God. So they 
went to Chelkias the high priest, and gave the money which 
had been brought into the house of God, which the Levites, 
the keepers of the gates had collected from Manasses and 
Ephraim, and the chiefs, and from all the remnant of Israel, 
and from the children of Juda and Benjamin and the inhabi- 

10 tants of Jerusalem — they gave this to the board of works, who 
superintended the house of the Lord ; and these gave it to the 

11 workmen who did the work in the house of the Lord, to fur- 
nish, and to strengthen the house, and they gave to the car- 
penters and the masons, to purchase square stones, and timber 
for planks to cover the houses, which the king of Juda had 

12 destroyed. Though these men were intrusted with the works, 
yet over them were overseers, namely Jehu and Abdias the 
Levites of the house of Merari, and Zacharias, and Mosol- 

13 lam, of the house of Kaath. And with regard to all the chiefs 



Ch. XXXIV. II. CHRONICLES. 

of Levi, every one skilled in instrumental musick was over the 
bearers of burdens, and over all the men who executed the 
works, one to every piece of work, and some of the Levites were 

14 scribes and judges and keepers of the gates. Now when they 
were carrying out the money, which had been brought into 
the house of the Lord, Chelkias the priest found a book of 

15 the law of the Lord, by the hand of Moses. Whereupon Chel- 
kias addressing Saphan the scribe said, I have found a book 
of the law in the house of the Lord. So Chelkias gave the 

16 book to Saphan, and Saphan carried it to the king. Now he 
had given him also for the king, an account intitled, All the 

17 money delivered to thy servants the workmen. For when they 
had melted the silver found in the house of the Lord, they 
gave it into the hand of the overseers and into the hand of 

18 them who executed the work. So when Saphan the scribe 
had explained the account to the king, he said, Chelkias the 

19 priest hath given me a book. And Saphan read it before the 
king. And when the king heard the words of the law, he rent 

20 his clothes. Then the king gave orders to Chelkias, and to 
Achikam, son of Saphan, and to Abdom son of Michaias, and 
to Saphan the scribe, and Asaias the king's servant, saying, 

21 Go and inquire of the Lord for me, and for all the remnant 
of Israel and Juda, touching the words of this book which is 
found; for great must be the wrath of the Lord, which is kind- 
led against us, because our fathers have not hearkened to these 
words of the Lord, to do according to all that are written in 

22 this book. Thereupon Chelkias, with those whom the king 
ordered, went to Olda the prophetess, the wife of Sellem son 
of Thekoe son of Aras. She kept the commandments and 

23 dwelt at Jerusalem in the Masanai. And when they spoke to 
her to that effect she said to them, Thus saith the Lord the 

24 God of Israel, Say to the man who sent you to me, Thus saith 
the Lord, Behold 1 am going to bring upon this place evils — all 
the things which are written in the book read before the king 

25 of Juda. Because they have forsaken me, and burned incense 
to strange gods, to provoke me to wrath with all the works 
of their hands, therefore my anger is kindled against this place 

26 and cannot be quenched. But to the king of Juda, who hath 
sent you to inquire of the Lord, thus shall you say, Thus saith 



Ch. XXXV. II. CHRONICLES. 

27 the Lord the God of Israel, With regard to the words which 
thou hast heard, as thy heart was affected, and thou didst 
humble thyself before me when thou heardst these words of 
mine against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof — 
As thou hast humbled thyself before me, and hast rent thy 
garments and wept before me — I have heard saith the Lord. 

28 Behold I will gather thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be car- 
ried to thy grave in peace, and thine eyes shall not see all the 
evils which I am going to bring upon this place, and upon 

29 them who dwell therein. And when they brought back word 
to the king, the king sent and assembled the elders of Juda 

30 and Jerusalem ; and went up to the house of the Lord, with 
all the chiefs of Juda and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and 
with the priests and the Levites, and all the people small and 
great, and read in their hearing all the words of the book of 

31 the covenant found in the house of the Lord. Then the king 
stood on the pillar, and made a covenant before the Lord to 
walk before the Lord and to keep his commandments, and his 
testimonies, and his statutes, with his whole heart, and his 
whole soul, so as to perform all the terms of the covenant, writ- 

32 ten in that book ; and he caused all who were in Jerusalem 
and Benjamin to stand to it. And when the inhabitants of Je- 
rusalem, had made a covenant in the house of the Lord God 

33 of their fathers, Josias removed all the abominations out of all 
the land, which belonged to the children of Israel, and caused 
all who were in Jerusalem, and in Israel, to serve the Lord 
their God. During all his days he turned not aside from fol- 
lowing the Lord God of his fathers. 

XXXV. When Josias celebrated the passover to the Lord 
his God, he caused the paschal lamb to be slain, on the four- 

2 teenth day of the first month. For having set the priests in 
their watches and encouraged them to the works of the house 
of the Lord, he ordered all the Levites who were heads of fa- 
milies throughout all Israel to hallow themselves to the Lord. 

3 And as they had placed the holy ark in the house which Solo- 
mon son of David king of Israel had built, the king said, You 
have nothing to carry on your shoulders ; now therefore at- 

4- tend to the service of the Lord your God, and of his people 
Israel ; and be ready according to the houses of your fami- 



Ch. XXXV. II. CHRONICLES. 

lies, and according to your courses, as prescribed by David, 

5 king of Israel, and by his son Solomon ; and attend in the 
house, according to the divisions of the houses of your fami- 

6 lies, on your brethren the people ; and a portion of a patri- 
archal house, on the Levites; and kill ye the paschal lambs and 
prepare them for your brethren, that they may do according 

7 to the word of the Lord by the ministry of Moses. Moreover 
Josias dedicated for the people sheep and lambs and kids, all 
for the passover, even for all who were in Jerusalem, to the 
amount of thirty thousand. He dedicated also three thousand 

8 beeves, these were of the king's own substance. His chiefs 
also made dedications for the people, and for the priests, and 
for the Levites. And Chelkias and Zacharias, and Jeiel, the 
chiefs, gave for the priests of the house of God — they gave for 
the passover two thousand six hundred sheep, lambs and kids, 

9 and three hundred beeves, and Chonenias and Banaias, and Sa- 
maias and Nathaniel, his brother, and Asabias, and Jeiel and 
Jozabad, chiefs of the Levites, dedicated for the Levites five 

10 thousand sheep and five hundred beeves for the passover. So 
the service commenced, and the priests stood in their station, 
and the Levites in their divisions, according to the command of 

11 the king. And when these killed the paschal lambs, the 
priests received the blood at their hands and poured it out, 

12 and the Levites flayed them, and prepared the whole burnt of- 
fering, to be delivered according to the division by houses of 
families to the heads of the people, that they might offer it to 
the Lord as it is written in the book of Moses, and so till the 

13 morning. Then they roasted the paschal lambs with fire, ac- 
cording to the ordinance, and boiled the holy meats in the bra- 
sen cauldrons and kettles. And when all was ready, they ran 
with them to all the heads of the people. And after this prepa- 

14 ration for them, they prepared also for the priests. Because 
the priests were employed in offering up the whole burnt offer- 
ings and the suet, continually till night, therefore the Levites 
prepared for themselves and for their brethren, the sons of 

15 Aaron. And with regard to the musicians, the sons of Asaph, 
who were in their station, according to the commands of Da- 
vid, both Asaph and Aiman and Idithunthe king's prophets; 
and the chiefs and the keepers of the gates, they were not at 
liberty to move from their holy services, for their brethren the 



Ch. XXXV II. CHRONICLES. 

16 Levites prepared for them. So all the service of the Lord be- 
ing arranged and set in order on that day, to keep the passover, 
and to offer up the whole burnt offerings on the altar of the Lord 

17 according to the command of king Josias; all the Israelites who 
were present kept the passover, at that time, and the festival 

18 of unleavened bread, seven days. There had not been such a 
passover as this in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet. 
They had not, under any king of Israel, kept such a passover 
as that kept by Josias and the priests, and the Levites, and all 
Juda and Israel who were present, and by all the inhabitants of 

19 Jerusalem, to the Lord. This passover was kept in the eigh- 
teenth year of the reign of Josias. 

After all these things which Josias did in the house, king 
Josias burned with fire the belly speakers and the diviners, and 
the theraphins and the idols, and the karesims, which were in 
the land of Juda and in Jerusalem, in order that he might esta- 
blish the words of the law, which were written in the book 
which Chelkias the priest had found in the house of the Lord. 
Before him there was none like him, who turned to the Lord 
with his whole heart, and with his whole soul, and with all 
his strength, according to all the law of Moses ; nor after him 
did there arise his like. Nevertheless the Lord turned not 
away from his great wrath, with which he was incensed against 
Juda, for all the provocations with which Manasses had pro- 
voked him, and the Lord said, I will remove Juda from my 
presence, as I have removed Israel — I have cast off Jerusalem, 
the city which I chose, and the house of which I said, My 
name shall be there. 

20 Now when Pharao Nechao was going up against the king 
of the Assyrians to the river Euphrates, king Josias went out 
to meet him. Whereupon he sent messengers to him, saying, 
What hast thou, Ο king of Juda, to do with me? I am not 
now coming to war against thee ; and God hath commanded 
me to make haste. Forbear meddling with God, who is with 

22 me, lest he destroy thee. But Josias would not turn his face 
from him, but strengthened himself to fight him. He hearken- 
ed not to the words of Nechao from the mouth of God, but 

23 came to an engagement in the plain of Mageddo. And the ar- 
chers having discharged a volley at king Josias, the king said 



Ch. XXXVI. II. CHRONICLES. 

24 to his servants, Carry me away, for I am badly wounded. So 
his servants took him out of his chariot and put him into his 
second chariot, which attended him, and brought him to Jeru- 

25 salem, and he died and was buried with his fathers. And all 
Juda and Jerusalem mourned for Josias. And Jeremias com- 
posed a song of lamentation for Josias, which all the heads of 
families, both men and women, sung over him, and which 
they continue to sing to this day ; for they established it for 
an ordinance to Israel. And behold it is written among the 

26 funereal odes. Now the rest of the acts of Josias, and his 
faith in respect to what were written in the law of the Lord, 

27 and his acts, first and last, behold they are written in the book 
of the kings of Israel and Juda. 

XXXVI. Then the people of the land took Joachaz son of Jo- 
sias and anointed him, and made him king over Jerusalem in 

2 the room of his father. Joachaz was twenty years old when he 
began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem, and 
his mother's name wasl Amital. She was a daughter of Jeremias 
of Lobna. And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, 
according to all that his fathers had done. And Pharao Nechao 
bound him at Deblatha in the land of Aimath, that he should 

3 not reign in Jerusalem. And the king carried him with him to 
Egypt, and imposed on the country a tribute of a hundred ta- 

4 lents of silver and a talent of gold. And Pharao Nechao, made 
Eliakim son of Josias, king over Juda, in the room of his fa- 
ther, and changed his name to Joakim. And as Pharao Nechao 
took his brother Joachaz, who was carried to Egypt and died 
there, he paid the silver and the gold to Pharao. Then the land 
began to be taxed to give the money at the command of Pharao. 
And every one according to his rank, demanded silver and 
gold from the people of the land, to pay Pharao Nechao. 

5 Joakim was twenty five years old when he began to reign, 
and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem, and his mother's 
name was Zechora. She was a daughter of Nerias of Rama. 
And he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, according 
to all that his fathers had done. In his days Nabuchodonosar, 
the king of Babylon, came into the land, and he was his servant 
three years, and then revolted. Now after that, when they re- 
volted, the Lord sent against them the Chaldeans, andpredato- 



Ch. XXXVI. II. CHRONICLES. 

ry bands of Syrians, and predatory bands of Moabites and 
Ammonites, and of Samaria according to the word of the Lord 
by the ministry of his servants, the prophets. Moreover the 
anger of the Lord was against Juda, to remove them from his 
presence, because of the sins of Manasses — for all that he had 
committed and for the innocent blood which Joakim had shed. 
He had indeed filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, yet the 

6 Lord was not willing to destroy them utterly. So Nabuchodo- 
nosar, king of Babylon, came up against him, and bound him 
with fetters of brass, and sent him away to Babylon ; and car- 

7 ried away to Babylon a part of the utensils belonging to the 
house of the Lord, and put them in his own temple at Babylon. 

8 Now the rest of the acts of Joakim, and all that he did, behold 
they are written in the book of the journals of the kings of 

9 Juda. When Joakim slept with his fathers, he was buried at 
Ganozae, with his fathers, and Jechonias his son reigned in his 
stead. Jechonias was eighteen years old when he began to 
reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem, 

10 and did evil in the sight of the Lord, and at the return of the 
year, Nabuchodonosar sent and brought him to Babylon, to- 
gether with the most precious utensils of the house of the Lord, 
and made Sedekias, his father's brother, king over Juda and 
Jerusalem. 

1 1 Sedekias was twenty one years old when he began to reign, 

12 and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem, and did what was 
evil in the sight of the Lord his God, and was not brought to 
a sense of shame by Jeremias, the prophet, speaking from the 

13 mouth of the Lord, when he violated his engagements with 
Nabuchodonosar, to the performance of which he had caused 
him to swear by God; but hardened his neck, and strength- 
ened his heart, not to return to the Lord God of Israel. 

14 Now all the nobles of Juda, and the priests, and the peo- 
ple of the land abounded in the commission of the wicked 
abominations of the Gentiles, and had polluted the house of the 

15 Lord in Jerusalem. And the Lord the God of their fathers, 
had sent to them by the ministry of his prophets, rising early, 
and sending his messengers, because he compassionated his 

16 people and his sanctuary. But they continued to deride his 
messengers, and to despise his words, and insult his prophets, 

VOL. II. l 1 



Ch. XXXVI. II. CHRONICLES. 

until the wrath of the Lord ascended against his people — until 

17 there was no remedy. Therefore he brought against them the 
king of the Chaldeans, who slew their young men with the 
sword in the house of his sanctuary, and had no compassion 
on Sedekias, nor pity for their virgins. And they carried away 

18 their elders. He delivered all into their hands — all the uten- 
sils of the house of God, great and small, and all the trea- 
sures of the house of the Lord and all the treasures of the 
king and of the nobles. All these he carried to Babylon. 

19 And he burned the house of the Lord, and demolished the 
wall of Jerusalem, and burned with fire the palaces thereof, 

20 and -utterly destroyed every thing that was beautiful, and re- 
moved to Babylon the few who were left ; and they continu- 
ed to be servants to him and his sons, until the reign of the 

21 Medes ; that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremias 
might be fulfilled, That until the land received its sabbaths 
which it ought to have rested, it should keep a sabbath all the 
days of its desolation, to the completion of seventy years. 

22 In the first year of Cyrus king of the Persians, after the 
word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremias was fulfilled, the 
Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of the Persians; and 
he caused proclamation to be made throughout all his king- 
dom, in writing, saying, Thus saith Cyrus, king of the Per- 
sians, to all the kingdoms of the earth, The Lord God of 
heaven hath given me ; and he hath commanded me to build 
a house for him in Jerusalem, in Judea. Is there any among 
you of all his people? His God be with him, and let him go up. 

EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

I. In the first year of Cyrus, king of the Persians, that 

the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremias might be ful- 
filled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of the Per- 

2 sians, and he caused proclamation to be made by word of 
mouth, and in writing, throughout all his kingdom, saying, 
Thus saith Cyrus king of the Persians, The Lord God of 
heaven hath given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and hath 
watched over me, that I should build a house for him in Jerusa- 

3 lem, which is in Judea. Whoever is among you of all his people, 
his God be with him ; and let him go up to Jerusalem which 



Ch. II. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

is in Judea, and build the house of the God of Israel. He 
who is at Jerusalem is very God. Therefore in regard to every 

4 one in every place, who is left, let" the men of the place where 
he dwelleth assist him with silver and gold, and furniture and 
cattle, together with a free will offering for the house of God, 
which is at Jerusalem. 

5 Thereupon the heads of the patriarchal families of Juda and 
Benjamin arose with the priests and the Levites, even all whose 
spirit God stirred up, to go and rebuild the house of the Lord 

6 in Jerusalem. And all who were around them strengthened 
their hands with vessels of silver, with gold, with furniture 
and with cattle, and with presents, exclusive of free will offer- 

7 ings. Moreover Cyrus brought out the vessels of the house 
of the Lord, which Nabuchodonosar had taken from Jerusalem, 

8 and deposited in the house of his God. These which were un- 
der the care of Mithridates the treasurer, Cyrus, king of the 
Persians, caused to be brought out and counted to Sasabasar, 

9 the chief of Juda; and this was the number of them; thirty 
goblets of gold, and a thousand goblets of silver, vessels of 

10 an unusual form twenty nine, golden cups, thirty ; and silver 
plated cups, four hundred and ten, and other vessels, a thou- 

11 sand. All the vessels of gold and silver, all that came up with 
Sasabasar from the captivity from Babylon to Jerusalem, were 
five thousand four hundred. 

II. Now these were the children of the province who came up 
from the captivity — from the distant abode to which Na- 
buchodonosar king of Babylon had sent them away to Baby- 
lon, and who returned to Jerusalem and Juda, every chief to 
his city. 

2 The number of the people of Israel who came with Zoroba- 
bely JesiiSy Nehemias, Saraias, Reelias, Mordecai, Balasan % 
Masphar, Baguai, Reum t Baa?ia, the head men. 

3 The children of Phares, two thousand one hundred and 
seventy two. 

4 The children of Saphatia, three hundred and seventy two. 

5 The children of Ares, seven hundred and seventy five. 

6 The children of Phaath Moab, descendants of Jesus and 
Joab, two thousand eight hundred and twelve. 

7 The children of Ailam, one thousand two hundred and 
fifty four. 



Ch. II. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

8 The children of Zatthua, nine hundred and forty five. 

9 The children of Zakchu, seven hundred and sixty. 

10 The children of Banni, six hundred and forty two. 

11 The children of Babai, six hundred and twenty three. 

12 The children of Asgad, a thousand two hundred and twen- 
ty two. 

13 The children of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty six. 

14 The children of Bague, two thousand and fifty six. 

15 The children of Addin, four hundred and fifty four. 

1 6 The children of Ater, descendants of Ezekias, ninety eight. 

17 The children of Bassou, three hundred and twenty three. 

18 The children of Jora, a hundred and twelve. 

19 The children of Asum, two hundred and twenty three. 

20 The children of Gaber, ninety five. 

21 The children of Bethlaem, a hundred and twenty three. 

22 The children of Netopha, fifty six. 

23 The children of Anathoth, a hundred and twenty eight. 

24 The children of Azmoth, forty three. 

25 The children of Kariathiarim, Chaphira and Beroth, seven 
hundred and forty three. 

26 The children of Rama and Gabaa, six hundred and twenty 
one. 

27 The men of Machmas, a hundred and twenty two. 

28 The men of Baithel and Aia, four hundred and twenty 
three. 

29 The children of Nabu, fifty two. 

30 The children of Magebes, a hundred and fifty six. 

3 1 The children of Elamar, a thousand two hundred and fifty 
four. 

32 The children of Elam, three hundred and twenty. 

33 The children of Lodadi and Ono, seven hundred and 
twenty five. 

34 The children of Jericho, three hundred and forty five. 

35 The children of Senaa, three thousand six hundred and 
thirty. 

36 And of the Priests, 

The children of Jedua of the house of Jesus, nine hundred 
and seventy three : 

37 The children of Emmer, a thousand and fifty two: 



Ch. II. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

38 The children of Phassur, a thousand two hundred and forty 
seven : 

39 The children of Erem, a thousand and seven. 

40 And of the Levites, 

The children of Jesu and Kadmiel, descendants of Oduia, 
seventy four: 

41 The musicians. The children of Asaph, a hundred and 
twenty eight: 

42 The keepers of the Gates. The Sellumites, the Aterites, the 
Telmonites, the Akubites, the Atitaites, the Sobaites, all these 
were a hundred and thirty nine : 

43 The Nathinims, namely, the Southias', the Asuphas', the 

44 Tabaoths', the Kades', the Siaas', the Phadons', the Labanos', 
46 the Agabas', the Akubs', the Arabs', the Selamis', the Anans', 
48 the Geddels', the Gaars', the Raias', the Rasons', the Neko- 
50 das', the Gasems', the Asos', the Phases', the Basis', the Ase- 

nas', the Moounims', the Ncphusims', the Bakbuks', the Aku- 
52 phas', the Arurs', the Basaloths', the Maoudas', the Arsas% 

54 the Barkos', the Sisaras', the Themas', the Nasthics', the Ata- 

55 phas'; The children of Solomon's servants — the Sotais', the 

56 Sepheras', the Phaduras', the Jehelas', the Darkons', the Ge- 
dels', the Saphatias', the Atils', the Phacheraths', the Aseboe- 
ims', the Hemeis', all the Nathinims including the Abdesel- 
mas', were three hundred and ninety two. 

59 And these were they who came up from Thelmelech, 
Thelaresa, Cherub, Edan, Emmer, but could not shew the 
house of their family, nor their seed, whether they were of Is- 
rael — the children of Dalaia, the children of Bua, the children 
of Tobiu, the children of Nekoda, six hundred and fifty two. 

61 And of the children of the priests — the children of Labeia* 
the children of Akkus, the children of Berzellai, who took to 
wife one of the daughters of Berzellai the Galaadite, and was 

62 called by their name — These sought their register among the 
Methoesim, but were not found. Though they were related 
to the priesthood, yet the Athersastha ordered them not to eat 
of the most holy meats until there should arise a priest with the 
Manifestation and the Truth. 

64 The whole congregation, together, amounted to forty two 
thousand three hundred and sixty, exclusive of their menser- 



Ch. III. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

vants and maid servants, amounting to seven thousand three 
hundred and thirty seven. And among them were two hundred 
66 choristers of both sexes. Their horses were seven hundred 
and thirty six ; their mules two hundred and forty five ; their 
camels four hundred and thirty five ; their asses six thousand 
seven hundred and twenty. 

68 Now some of the chiefs of families when they came to the 
house of the Lord at Jerusalem, offered free will offerings for 

69 the house of God, to raise it on its foundations. According to 
their ability they contributed to the treasure for the work, sixty 
one thousand mnas of pure gold, and five thousand mnas of 

70 silver, and a hundred garments for the priests. Though the 
priests and the Levites, and some of the people, and the musi- 
cians, and the keepers of the gates, and the Nathinims, settled 
in their cities, and all the chiefs of Israel in their cities, yet 

III. when the seventh month was come, the Israelites who 
were in their cities, even the whole people, like one man, assem- 

2 bled at Jerusalem. And Jesus the son of Josedek with his bre- 
thren the priests, and Zorobabel the son of Salathiel with his 
brethren, arose and rebuilt the altar of the God of Israel, that 
they might offer thereon whole burnt offerings according to 

3 what is written in the law of Moses the man of God. And 
when they had erected the altar on its basis, because it was 
done with a dread upon them, on account of the neighbouring 
people, the whole burnt offering for the morning, and also for 

4 the evening, was offered up thereon to the Lord. But when they 
had celebrated the festival of tabernacles, according to what 
was written, and offered the whole burnt offering day by day 

5 in number as prescribed, the set number for every day — after 
this they offered the continual burnt offerings in due course, and 
those for the new moons, and for all the festivals dedicated to 
the Lord, and for every one who offered a free will offering to 
the Lord. 

6 On the first day of the seventh month they began to offer 
whole burnt offerings to the Lord, though the foundation of 

7 the house of the Lord was not laid ; but they had given money 
to the stone cutters and carpenters, and meat and drink and oil 
to the Sidonians and Tyrians, to bring cedar timber from Li- 
banus to the sea of Joppa, according to the permission granted 



Ch. IV. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

8 them by Cyrus king of the Persians. And in the second year 
of their coming to the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second 
month, Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Jesus the son of 
Josedek with the rest of their brethren, the priests, and the 
Levites, and all who came from the captivity to Jerusalem, 
made a beginning. 

Now they had appointed the Levites from twenty years old 

9 and upwards over them, who did the works in the house of 
the Lord, so there were over the workmen employed at the 
house of the Lord, Jesus with his sons and brethren, Kadmiel 
with his sons, the sons of Juda, the sons of Enadad, their sons and 

10 their brethren the Levites. And while they were laying the 
foundations of the house of the Lord, die priests attended in their 
robes, with trumpets, and the Levites, the Asaphites, with cym- 

1 1 bals, to praise the Lord in the manner prescribed by David king 
of Israel, and they raised their responsive strains, in the song 
of praise and thanksgiving to the Lord For it is good ; for to 
everlasting his mercy endureth for Israel. And all the people 
shouted with a great shout, to praise the Lord, at laying the 

12 foundation of the house of the Lord. But many of the priests 
and Levites, and the old chiefs of families, who with their 
eyes had seen the former house on its foundations, and now 
saw this, wept aloud, while the people were shouting for joy 

13 to swell the song ; so that the people could not distinguish the 
shouts of joy from the sound of the people's wailing. 

IV. Because the people shouted with a loud shout, therefore 
the noise was heard at a great distance ; and when they who 
afflicted Juda and Benjamin heard that the children of the cap- 
tivity were building a house for the Lord God of Israel, they 

2 came to Zorobabel and to the chiefs of the families, and said, 
Let us build with you, for we, like you, seek our God, and we 
sacrifice to him, from the days of Asaradan, king of Assur, 

3 who brought us here. But Zorobabel and Jesus, and the other 
chiefs of the families of Israel, said to them, It is not allowable 
for us, and you, to build a house to our God, for we ourselves 
assembling together are to build for the Lord our God, as 

4 Cyrus the king of the Persians hath commanded us. Upon 
this the people of the land began to weaken the hands of the 

5 people of Juda, and they impeded their building, and coun- 



Ch. IV. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

sellors were hired to frustrate their design, all the days of Cy- 

6 rus king of the Persians, and even to the reign of Darius king 
of Persia. 

In the reign of Assuerus, even in the beginning of his reign, 
they wrote a letter against the inhabitants of Juda and Jerusa- 

7 lem. And in the days of Arthasastha, Tabeel in concert with 
Mithridates, and the rest of his fellow servants, wrote to Ar- 
thasastha king of the Persians — the collector of the tribute 

8 drew up a writing in Syriack ; and Reum Baltam and Samp- 
sa the secretary, wrote a translation of it, as their joint letter 

9 against Jerusalem, to Arthasastha the king saying, This hath 
been agreed on by Reum Baltam, and Sampsa the secretary, 
and the rest of our fellow servants, the Deinaians, Apharsa- 
thachaians, Tarphalaians, Apharsaians, Archuaians, Babylo- 

10 nians, Susanachaians, Davaians, and the rest of the nations, 
whom the great and the honourable Assenaphar transplant- 
ed, and settled in the cities of Somoron, and the rest of the 

11 country on this side the river. This was the purport of the 
letter which they sent to him, 

To Arthasastha the king, thy servants, the men beyond 
the river : 

12 Be it known to the king, that the Jews who came up from 
thee to us, have come to Jerusalem, that rebellious and wick- 
ed city, and are rebuilding it. The walls of it are repaired, 

13 and they have reared up the foundations of it. Now therefore 
be it known to the king, that if this city be rebuilt, and the 
walls thereof completed, no tribute will be paid to thee, nor 

14 will they do homage. Now as this is injurious to kings, and 
it is not meet for us to see the king's dishonour, we have there - 

15 fore sent to inform the king, that he may examine the book 
of the records of thy fathers, by which thou wilt find, and 
know that this is a rebellious city, and hurtful to kings and 
countries, and that there are asylums for slaves in the midst 
of it, from time immemorial, for which cause this city was 

16 laid waste. We therefore certify the king, that if this city 

17 be rebuilt, and the Avail thereof reared up, there will be no 
peace for thee. To which he replied. 

The king, to Reum Baltam, and Sampsa the secretary, and 
to the rest of their fellow servants, who dwell in Samaria and 



Ch. V. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

18 the rest beyond the river, greeting, and saith, The collector 
of the tribute, whom you sent to us, hath been called before 

19 me, and I gave orders and we have examined and found, that 
this city from time immemorial hath set itself up against kings 

20 and that there are seditions in it, and asylums for slaves ; and 
that there have been mighty kings in Jerusalem, who have 
exercised dominion over the whole country beyond the river ; 

21 and that great tribute, and tolls have been paid to them. Now 
therefore give orders to stop those men ; for that city must 

22 not be built any more. See that you merit praise in executing 
this, lest peradventure the desolation be fitted up to the pre- 
judice of kings. 

23 When king Arthasastha's collector of tribute had read this 
in the presence of Reum Baltam, and Sampsa the secretary, 
and his fellow servants, they marched in haste to Jerusalem, 
and through Juda, and with horsemen and an army caused 

24 them to stop. So a stop was put to the work of the house of 
God in Jerusalem, and it continued stopped till the second 
year of the reign of Darius, king of the Persians. 

V. When Aggaius the prophet and Zacharias the son of 
Addo prophesied against the Jews who were in Juda and Jeru- 

2 salem — in the name of the God of Israel against them ; then 
arose Zorobabel the son of Salathiel, and Jesus son of Josedek, 
and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem; 

3 and with them were the prophets of God helping them. At that 
time Thanthani the chief governor on this side the river, and 
Satharbouzani, and their fellow servants, came to them and 
spoke to them in terms to this effect, Who hath ordered you 
to build this house, and renew this theatrical entertainment? 

4 And they said to them, What are the names of the men who 

5 are building this city? Now the eyes of God were on the cap- 
tivity of Juda, so that they did not cause them to stop until the 

6 matter was laid before Darius. So there was sent to the col- 
lector of the tribute, touching this affair, the substance of a let- 
ter, which Thanthani the chief governor on this bank of the 
river, and Satharbouzani, and their fellow servants the Aphar- 
sachaians who were on this bank of the river, should send to 

7 king Darius. They sent to him a verbal message, and by him 
the following letter was written : 

VOL. II. μ m 



Ch. VI. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

8 To Darius the king, all peace. Be it known to the king, 
that we went to the province of Judea, to the house of the great 
God, which they are building with choice stones. Timbers 
are actually laid in the walls, and the work is going on fast and 

9 prospereth in their hands ; We then questioned the elders and 
said to them, Who hath given you orders to build this house, 

10 and renew this theatrical entertainment? We then asked their 
names that we might acquaint thee, that we might transmit to 

1 1 thee in writing the names of their principal men. Thereupon 
they answered us to this effect saying, We are the servants of 
the God of the heaven and the earth, and we are rebuilding his 

12 house which was built many years ago. A great king of Israel 
actually built it and fitted it up for them ; but when our fathers 
provoked to wrath the God of heaven, he delivered them into 
the hands of Nabuchodonosar king of Babylon the Chaldean, 
who destroyed this house and removed the people to Babylon. 

13 But in the first year of Cyrus the king, Cyrus the king made 

14 a decree that this house of God should be rebuilt: and the ves- 
sels of gold and silver belonging to this house of God which 
Nabuchodonosar had taken from this house in Jerusalem and 
put in the king's temple, these Cyrus the king caused to be 

15 brought out of the king's temple and gave them to Sabanasar 
the treasurer who was over the treasure, and said to him, Take 
all these vessels and go and deposit them in the house at Jeru- 

16 salem, in their places. At that time Sabanasar himself came 
and laid the foundation of this house of God at Jerusalem ; and 
from that time till now it hath been a building, and is not yet 

17 finished. Now therefore if it seemeth good to the king, let 
search be made in the treasury of the king of Babylon, that thou 
mayst know whether a decree hath been made by Cyrus the 
kinsr, to rebuild this house of God at Jerusalem : and let the 
king, when informed touching this matter, send to us. 

VI. Thereupon Darius the king passed a decree, He hath 
caused search to be made in the libraries where the royal trea- 

2 sure is kept at Babylon, and there hath been found in the city, 
in the royal palace, a roll, in which is written this memoran- 

3 dum, In the first year of king Cyrus, Cyrus the king made a 
decree concerning the holy house of God at Jerusalem, Let the 
house be built, and the place where they offer sacrifices. More- 



Ch. VI. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

over he hath fixed the dimensions, the length sixty cubits and 

4 the breadth sixty cubits. And there are to be three strong sto- 
ries of stone and one of wood ; and the expence is to be defray - 

5 ed out of the king's house : And let the vessels of the house of 
God, both of silver and gold, which Nabuchodonosar took out 
of the house in Jerusalem, and brought to Babylon, be given, 
and go back to the temple at Jerusalem, to the place where they 

6 were deposited in the house of God. Now therefore you go- 
vernors beyond the river, Satharbouzani, and you their fellow 
servants the Apharsachaians, who are beyond the river, keep 

7 at a distance from that place. Let the work of the house of God 
alone. Let the rulers of the Jews, and the elders of the Jews 

8 build the house of God in its place. Furthermore, by me a 
decree is made in regard to what you may do for the elders of 
the Jews, that the house of God may be built. Out of the king's 
substance, the tributes beyond the river, let the expence be 
carefully paid to those men, that they may not be forced to stop ; 

9 and whatever they may stand in need of, such as young bulls 
and rams and lambs for whole burnt offerings to the God of 
heaven, wheat, salt, wine and oil, according to the order of the 

10 priests at Jerusalem — let whatever they ask be given them day 
by day, that they may offer continually to the God of heaven 
sweet smelling sacrifices, and pray for the life of the king and 

11 his sons. Moreover by me a decree is made, that if any man 
counteract this mandate, a beam be taken from his house, and 
that he being suspended, be executed thereon, and his house 

12 confiscated. And may the God whose name dwelleth there, de- 
stroy every king and people who shall stretch forth their hands 
to alter or destroy the house of God which is at Jerusalem. I 
Darius have passed the decree. Let it be strictly observed. 

13 Upon this Thanthani the chief governor on this side the 
river, and Satharbouzani and his fellow servants conformed 

14 strictly to what Darius the king sent. And the elders of the 
Jews and the Levites went on with the building by the prophe- 
sying of Aggaius the prophet, and Zacharias the son of Addo, 
and they rebuilt and fitted it up again by the decree of the God 
of Israel, and by the decree of Cyrus and Darius, and Artha- 

15 sastha, kings of Persia; and having finished the house on the 
third day of the month Adar, in the sixth year of the reign of 



Ch. VII. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

16 king Darius, the children of Israel, the priests and the Levites, 
and the rest of the children of the captivity, kept the dedication 

17 of the house of God with joy, and offered for the dedication of the 
house of God, a hundred young bulls, two hundred rams, four 
hundred lambs, and twelve he goats, for a sin offering, for all 

18 Israel, according to the number of the tribes of Israel. And 
they set the priests in their courses, and the Levites in their 
divisions over the service of God at Jerusalem, according to 

19 the writing of the book of Moses. And on the fourteenth day 
of the first month, the children of the captivity kept the pass- 

20 over. For the priests and the Levites had purified themselves 
till all were pure. And the Levites killed the paschal lambs for 
all the children of the captivity, and for their brethren, the 

2 1 priests, and for themselves. So the children of Israel who were of 
the captivity, and every one who had separated himself from the 
impurity of the nations of the land and had come to them to 

22 seek the Lord God of Israel, ate the passover, and kept the 
festival of unleavened bread seven days, with joy; for the Lord 
had made them joyful, and had turned the heart of the king 
of Assur to them, to strengthen their hands in the works of the 
house of the God of Israel. 

VII. Now after these things in the reign of Arthasastha, king of 
the Persians, came up Esdras, son of Saraias, son of Azaraias, 
son of Chelkias, son of Selum, son of Sadduk, son of Achitob, 
son of Samaria, son of Esria, son of Mareoth, son of Zaraia, 
son of Ozias, son of Bokki, son of Abisue, son of Phineas, son 

6 of Eleazar, son of Aaron, the first priest. This Esdras who came 
up from Babylon, was a ready scribe in the law of Moses, which 

7 the Lord the God of Israel had given to Israel. And when the 
king gave him leave, because the hand of the Lord his God was 
upon him in all that he sought, there came up to Jerusalem some 
of the children of Israel, and some of the priests, and some of 
the Levites, namely, the musicians and the keepers of the gates 
and the Nathinims in the seventh year of Arthasastha, the king; 

8 and they arrived at Jerusalem in the fifth month of the said 

9 seventh year of the king. For on the first day of the first month 
he settled his journey up from Babylon, and on the first day 

10 of the fifth month they arrived at Jerusalem. For the good 
hand of his God was upon him, because Esdras had set his 



Ch. VIL EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

heart to seek the law, and to do and to teach in Israel the 
statutes and the judgments. 

11 Now this is the copy of the decree which Arthasastha 
gave to Esdras the priest, the scribe of the book of the words 
of the commandments of the Lord, and of his statutes to Israel. 

12 Arthasastha king of kings, to Esdras, scribe of the law 
of the Lord, the God of heaven. "Let thy requests be granted. 

13 This is my answer. By me a decree is made, That every one 
of the people of Israel in my kingdom, and of the priests, and 
Levites, who is of his own free will minded to go to Jerusa- 

14 lem, is sent on behalf of the king, and the seven counsellors, 
to go with thee to guard to Judea, even to Jerusalem, by the 
law of their God, which is in thy hand, for the house of the 

15 Lord, the silver and the gold, which the king and the coun- 
sellors have freely offered to the God of Israel, who dwelleth 
in Jerusalem, and all the silver and the gold which thou canst 

16 procure in all the country of Babylon, with the free will offerings 
of the people and the priests who make free will offerings to 
the house of God which is at Jerusalem ; enroll thou there - 

17 fore in this book every one who freely cometh to thee. The 
bulls, rams and lambs, with their sacrifices and their liba- 
tions — these thou shalt offer on the altar of the house of your 

18 God in Jerusalem. And if it seemeth good to thee and thy 
brethren, to do any thing with the rest of the silver and the 

19 gold, do it as it shall please your God; but the vessels which 
are given thee for the service of the house of God, deliver up 

20 in the presence of God in Jerusalem. And whatsoever more 
may be wanted for the house of thy God, which thou mayst 
think ought to be given, give that out of the king's treasure 

21 houses and on my behalf. I Arthasastha the king, have given 
an order on all• the treasuries which are beyond the river, that 
whatever Esdras the priest and scribe of the God of heaven 

22 shall require of you, be done with all readiness to the amount 
of a hundred talents of silver, and to the amount of a hun- 
dred cores of wheat, and to the amount of a hundred bats of 
wine, and a hundred bats of oil, and salt without limitation. 

23 Whatever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be 
done. Take heed that no one offer any insult to the house of 
the God of heaven, lest there be wrath against the realm of 



Ch. VIII. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

24 the king and his sons. Moreover, in respect to all the priests 
and the Levites, the musicians, the keepers of the gates, the 
Nathinims, and those employed in the service of the house 
of God, this hath been notified to you, Take no toll of them. 
Thou shalt have no authority to exercise dominion over them. 

25 And thou Esdras ! as the wisdom of God is in thy hand, ap- 
point scribes and judges, that they may administer justice to 
all the people beyond the river, to all such as know the law 
of thy God, and to such as know it not you shall make it 

26 known. And whoever will not readily perform the law of God, 
and the law of the king, upon him let judgment be passed, 
whether it be to death or to correction, or to confiscation of 
goods, or to imprisonment." 

27 Blessed be the Lord the God of our fathers who thus put 

28 it in the king's heart to glorify the house of the Lord which is 
at Jerusalem, and who gave me favour in the eyes of the king 
and his counsellors, and of all the officers of the king who 
were high in office. As for me, I strengthened myself, as 
the good hand of God was upon me, and assembled from 
among Israel chiefs to go up with me. 

VIII. Now these are the heads of families, the leaders 

who came up with me in the reign of Arthasastha king of 

2 Babylon. Of the children of Phineas, Gerson : of the chil- 

3 dren of Ithamar, Daniel: of the children of David, Attus : 
of the children of Sachania, even of the children of Phoros, 

4 Zacharias, and with him a band of a hundred and fifty : and 
of the children of Phaath-moab, Eliana, son of Saraia, and 

5 with him two hundred males : and of the children of Zathoes, 
Sechenias, son of Aziel, and with him three hundred males : 

6 and of the children of Adin, Obeth, son of Jonathan, and 

7 with him fifty males : and of the children of Ekm, Isais, son 

8 of Athelia, and with him seventy males : and of the children 
of Saphatia, Zabadias, son of Michael, and with him eighty 

9 males : and of the children of Joab, Abadia, son of Jeiel, and 

10 with him two hundred and eighteen males : and of the chil- 
dren of Baani, Selimuth, son of Josephia, and with him a 

11 hundred and sixty males : and of the children of Babi, Zacha- 

12 rias son of Babi, and with him twenty eight males : and of 
the children of Asgad, Joanan son of Akkatan, and with him 



Ch. VIII. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

13 a hundred and ten males: and of the children of Adonikam, 
the under chiefs, and these were their names, Eliphalat, Jeel and 

14 Samaia, and with them sixty males : and of the sons ofBagui, 

1 5 Outhaiand Zabud, and with them seventy males. And when I had 
assembled them at the river which runneth to Evi, we encamped 
there three days. And I inquired among the people and among the 
priests, and not finding any of the sons of Levi there, I sent for 

16 Eleazar, Ariel, Semeia and Alonam and Jarib and Elnatham, and 

17 Nathan and Zachariasand Messollam and Joarim and Elnathan, 
and despatched these men of understanding to the chiefs at Mo- 
ney of the place, and put words in their mouth to speak 
to the brethren of the Athinims at Money of the place, 

18 that they might bring us choristers for the house of our 
God. So they came to us, as the good hand of our God 
was over us, chief Sachon of the children of Mooli son 
of Levi, son of Israel. Indeed his sons and brethren, being 

19 eighteen, came instantly, and brought Asebias and Isaia of the 

20 sons of Merari : his brethren and his sons were twenty ; and of 
the Nathanims, whom David and the chiefs gave for the service• 
of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nathanims were all 

21 assembled by names. Then I proclaimed a fast there at the ri- 
ver Avue, that we might humble ourselves in the presence of 
our God, and inquire of him the straight road for us, and our 
children, and all our substance; for I was ashamed to ask of 

22 the king a band of soldiers and horsemen, to protect us from 
enemies on the way; for we had spoken to the king, saying, The 
hand of our God is over all them for good, who seek him ; and 
his power and his wrath is against all them who forsake him. 

23 So we fasted and besought our God for this, and he hearkened 

24 to us. Then I set apart twelve of the chiefs of the priests, Sa- 

25 raia and Asabaia, and with them ten of their brethren, and I 
weighed out to them the silver and the gold, and the vessels 
which were dedicated to the house of our God, which the king 
and his counsellors, and his chiefs, and all the Israelites there, 

20 had dedicated — I weighed into their hands six hundred and 
fifty talents of silver, and a hundred vessels of silver and a hun- 

27 dred talents of gold, and twenty gilt cups, worth about a thou- 
sand drachms, and vessels of fine burnished brass, precious as 

28 gold, and said to them, You are holy to the Lord, and these 



Ch. IX. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

. vessels are holy, and the silver and the gold are free will offer- 

29 ings to the Lord God of our fathers. Watch and keep them, 
until you weigh them before the chiefs of the priests and the 
Levites, and the chiefs of the families in Jerusalem, into the 

30 tabernacles of the house of the Lord. And when the priests 
and the Levites had taken the weight of the silver and the gold, 

31 and the vessels to carry them to Jerusalem, to the house of our 
God, we removed from the river Avue, on the twelfth of the 

32 first month, to come to Jerusalem. And the hand of our God 
was with us, and delivered us from the hand of enemies, and 

33 of such as lay in wait on the way. And when we came to Jeru- 
salem, and had rested three days, we, on the fourth day, deli- 
vered the silver and gold and vessels, in the house of our God, 
into the hand of Merimoth, son of Ouria the priest, when there 
was with him, Eleazar son of Phineas, and with them Jozabad, 

34 son of Jesus, and Noadia, son of Banaia, the Levites, all by 
number and by weight, and the whole weight was taken down 

35 in writing. At that time, they who came from the captivity, 
the children of them who had been carried away, offered as 
whole burnt offerings to the God of Israel, twelve, young bulls 
for all Israel, ninety six rams, seventy seven lambs, twelve 

36 goats, for a sin offering. All these were whole burnt offerings 
to the Lord. Then they gave the king's decree to the king's 
lieutenants and governors beyond the river, and they paid due 
respect to the people and to the house of God. 

IX. When these things were done, the chiefs came to me and 
said, The people of Israel, and the priests and the Levites, 
have not separated themselves from the neighbouring tribes. 
In their abominations, the Ethites, the Pherezites, the Jebu- 
sites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, and the Moserites, and 

2 the Amorites, are the same with the Chananites. For they have 
taken some of their daughters for themselves, and their sons; 
and the holy seed is mingled with the tribes of the neighbour- 
ing regions. And the hand of the chiefs is principally con- 

3 cerned in this transgression. And when I heard this I rent my 
garments, and started up and tore the hair of my head and my 

4 beard. Then I sat down mourning. And there assembled to 
me every one who, in the defection of the captivity, continued 
to follow the word of the God of Israel : but as for me, I con- 



Ch. IX. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

5 tinued sitting disconsolate, till the evening sacrifice. And at 
the evening sacrifice I arose from my humiliation — having 
rent my garments, I rose up, and fell upon my knees, and 

6 spreading forth my hands to the Lord God, I said : — Ο Lord, 
I blush, and am ashamed to lift up, Ο my God, my face to 
thee ; because our iniquities are multiplied over our head, and 

7 our transgressions are heaped up to- heaven. From the days of 
our fathers we are in great transgression, even to this day. 
And for our iniquities, we and our kings and our children, 
have been delivered into the hand of the kings of the nations, 
to the sword and to captivity, and to spoiling, and to confusion 

8 of face, as at this day. Now, though our God hath had com- 
passion on us, so as to suffer a remnant of us to escape, and to 
give us a fixture in the place of his sanctuary, that he may en- 
lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage ; — 

9 Though we are slaves, the Lord our God hath not quite forsaken 
us, but hath extended mercy to us in the sight of the kings of 
Persia, to give us a reviving, by their raising up the house of 
our God, and repairing the desolations thereof, and giving us 

10 an enclosure in Juda and Jerusalem. What must we say, Ο 
our God? After this we have forsaken the commandments 
which thou gavest us by the ministry of thy servants, the pro- 

11 phets, saying, The land which you are going to possess, is a 
land subject to change by the removal of the people of the 
nations for their abominations, with the filth of which they 

12 have filled it from one end to the other; now therefore, give not 
your daughters to their sons, nor take any of their daughters for 
your sons ; nor shall you seek their peace or their welfare for- 
ever, that you may be strong, and eat the good things of the 
land, and leave it for an inheritance to your children forever. 

13 Now after all that is come upon us for our evil deeds, and for this 
our great transgression ; though there is no God like our God ; 
though thou hast blotted out our iniquities and given us deli- 

14 verance ; yet we have returned to break thy commandments, 
and to intermarry with the people of these regions. Be not 
provoked against us to our utter destruction, so that not a rem- 

15 nant may escape. Ο Lord God of Israel, thou art gracious; 
for a remnant of us have escaped, as at this day. Behold we 

vol. ii. .ν η 



Ch. X. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

are before thee in our transgressions, though there is no stand- 
ing before thee for this. 
X. Now when Esdras had prayed and made publick confes- 
sion, weeping and praying before the house of God, there as- 
sembled to him a very great congregation, men, women and 

2 youths. Because the people wept and made loud lamentation, 
therefore Sechenias, son of Jeel, of the children of Elam, ad- 
dressing Esdras, said, We have broken covenant with our God 
and have taken strange wives of the people of the land ; but still 

3 there is hope in Israel concerning this. Now therefore let us 
make a covenant with our God, to put away all these wives 
and those born of them as thou shalt advise. Arise, and cause 
them to tremble at the commandments of our God, .-and let 

4 what the law requireth be done. Arise, for the matter resteth 
with thee, and we are with thee. Take courage and proceed 

5 to action. Upon this, Esdras arose and exacted an oath of the 
chiefs, the priests and Levites, and all Israel, that they would 

6 conform to this determination. And when they had taken the 
oath, Esdras went from the house of God to the treasury office 
of Joanan, son of Elisab. Though he went there, he neither ate 
bread nor drank water, for he mourned for the transgression of 

7 the captivity. And they issued a proclamation through Juda and 
Jerusalem, to all the children of the captivity to assemble at Je- 

8 rusalem, and that whoever did not come within three days, ac- 
cording to the onder of the chiefs and the elders, all his substance 
should be anathematised, and he himself should be excommuni- 

9 catedfrom the congregation of the captivity. Accordingly all the 
men of Juda and Benjamin, assembled at Jerusalem within the 
three days. It was now the ninth month. On the twentieth 
of this month all the people sat in the street of the house of 
God, because of their consternation at the decree, and because 

10 of the weather. And Esdras the priest arose, and said tq them, 
You have broken covenant and taken strange wives to add 

11 to the transgression of Israel ; now therefore, give praise to the 
Lord God of our fathers, and do what is well-pleasing in his 
sight, and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and 

12 from your strange wives. In reply to which, all the congrega- 
tion said, We take upon us the performance of this great thing 

13 which thou hast spoken; but the people are numerous and the 



Ch. X. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

weather stormy, so that we cannot stand out of doors, and this 
is not a work of one or two days ; for we have multiplied trans- 

14 gression in this respect. Let our chiefs, we pray thee, attend; 
and let all those in our cities who have taken strange wives 
come at appointed times, and with them the elders of each re- 
spective city, and the judges, that they may turn away from 
us the fierce anger of our God for this matter. 

15 Besides Jonathan son of Asael, and Josias son of Thekoe, 
there were with me in this business, Mesollam and Sabbathai 

16 the Levite who assisted them. And this was the manner in which 
the children of the captivity acted. There were set apart Es- 
dras the priest, and head men of families for every house, and all 
who were named were to return on the first day of the tenth 

17 month, to make strict inquiry into this matter. And when 
thev had finished with all the men who had taken stransre 
wives, having continued the examination to the first day of 

18 the first month, there were found of the sons of the priests, 

19 who had taken strange wives — of the sons of Jesus son of Jo- 
sedek these brethren of his, Maasia and Eliezer and Jarib 
and Gadalia, and they gave their hand to put away their wives, 

20 and offered a trespass ram of the flock, for their transgres- 

21 sion: and of the sons of Emmer, Anani and Zabdia: and of 
the sons of Eram, Masael and Elia and Samaia and Jeel and 

22 Ozia: and of the sons of Phasur, Elionai, Maasia and Ismael 

23 and Nathaniel and Josabad and Elasa. And of the Levites, Jo- 

24 zabad and Samu and Kolia, the same is Kolitas, and Phetheia 
and Juda and Eliezer : and of the musicians, Elisab : and of the 

25 keepers of the gates, Solmen and Telmen and Oduth. And 
of Israel — of the sons of Phoros, Ramia and Azia, and Mel- 

26 chia and Meamin, Eleazar and Asabia and Banaia : and of 
the sons of Elam ; Matthania, and Zacharia and Jaiel and Ab- 

27 dia and Jarimoth and Elia : and of the sons of Zathua, Eli- 

28 onai, Elisub, Matthanai and Armoth and Zabad and Oziza : 
and of the sons of Babei ; Joanan, Anania and Zabu and Thali ; 

29 and of the sons of Banui ; Mosollam, Melluch, Adaias, Jasub 

30 and Saluia and Remoth : and of the sons of Phaath Moab, 
Edne and Chalel and Bania and Maasia, Matthania, Beseleel 

31 and Banui and Manasse : and of the sons of Eram ; Eliezer, 
33 Jesia, Melchia, Samaias, Semeon, Benjamin, Baluch, Sama- 



Ch. X. EZRA, OR ESDRAS. 

ria: and of the sons of Asem; Metthania, Matthatha, Zadab, 

34 Eliphalet, Jerami, Manasse, Semei : and of the sons of Bani ; 

Moodia, Amram, Ouel, Banaia, Badaia, Chelkia, Ovuania, 

37 Marimoth, Eliasiph, Matthania, Matthanai : and the sons of 

38 Banui, and the sons of Semei had done so, namely, Selemia 
and Nathan and Adia, Machadnabu, Sesei, Sariu, Ezriel and 
Selemia and Samaria and Sellum, Amaria, Joseph : and of the 

43 sons of Nabu ; Jael, Matthanias, Zabad, Zebennes, Jadai and 

44 Joel and Banaia. All these had taken strange wives and had 
children by them. 

NEHEMIAS. 

I. The words of Nehemias, son of Chelkia. 

2 In the month Chaseleu of the twentieth year, when I was 
at Susanabira, Anani, one of my brethren, came with certain 
men of Juda, and I inquired of them concerning the remnant 

3 who were left of the captivity, and concerning Jerusalem ; and 
they informed me that the remnant of the captivity who were 
left, were in that country in great affliction and reproach ; and 
that the walls of Jerusalem continued demolished, and that 

4 the gates thereof were burned with fire. Upon hearing this 
report, I sat down and wept and mourned some days, fasting 

5 and praying before the God of heaven, and I said, I beseech 
thee, Ο Lord, God of heaven, the Mighty, the Great and the 
Awful, who keepest thy covenant and thy mercy with them 

6 who love thee and keep thy commandments, let thine ear, I 
beseech thee, be attentive, and thine eyes open, that thou 
mayst hear the prayer of thy servant which I now make be- 
fore thee day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, 
and plead for their sins which we have committed against thee. 

7 Both I and my father's house have sinned against thee. We 
have broken covenant with thee, and have not kept the com- 
mandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which thou 

8 gavest in charge to thy servant Moses. Remember, I beseech 
thee, the word which thou didst give in charge to Moses thy 
servant, saying, When you break covenant with me, and I 

9 scatter you among the nations ; if you then return to me and 
keep my commandments and do them, though your disper- 



Ch. II. NEHEMIAS. 

sion may be to the farthest part of heaven, thence I will gather 
them and bring them to the place which I have chosen for 

10 my name to dwell there. Now they are thy servants and thy 
people, whom thou hast redeemed with thy great power, and 

1 1 with thy strong hand. Turn not away, I beseech thee, Ο Lord. 
But let thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, and 
to the prayer of thy children, who desire to fear thy name : and 
prosper, I beseech thee, thy servant this day, and grant him 
favour in the sight of this man. 

II. Now I was the king's butler, and in the month Nisan of the 
twentieth year of king Arthasastha,the wine being before me, I 
took the wine, and when I had given it to the king (now there 

2 was none besides me in waiting) the king said to me, Why is 
thy countenance sad, and thou not at thine ease? this is nothing 
but grief of heart. At this I was greatly terrified and said to 

3 the king, Let the king live forever ! Why should not my coun- 
tenance be sad, seeing the city, the house of my father's se- 
pulchre, is in a state of desolation, and the gates thereof burned 

4 with fire? Thereupon the king said to me, For what dost thou 
make request ? And when I had prayed to the God of heaven, 

5 I said to the king, If it seemeth good to the king, and if thy 
servant shall find favour in thy sight, that thou wouldst send 
me to Juda to the city of the sepulchres of my fathers, and let 

6 me rebuild it. Upon this the king said to me (now his concu- 
bine was sitting by him) For how long shall thy journey be, 

7 and when wilt thou return ? So the king being pleased to send 
me, I set him a time and said to the king, If it seemeth good 
to the king, let him give me letters to the governors beyond 
the river, that they may conduct me on in my journey till I come 

8 to Juda ; and a letter to Asaph, the keeper of the king's forest, 
that he may supply me with timber to cover the gates and for 

9 the wall of the city, and for a house to which I may go. So the 
king gave me, as the hand of God was favourable, and I came 
to the governors beyond the river, and delivered them the 
king's letters. 

10 Now the king sent with me captains of the army and horse- 
men. But when Sanaballat the Aronite and Tobia the servant, 
the Ammonite, heard this, it grieved them that a man was come 
to promote the welfare of the children of Israel. 



Ch. III. NEHEMIAS. 

11 Now when I came to Jerusalem and had been there three 
days, I arose by night, I and a few men with me, but I did not 
tell a man what God had put into my heart to do for Jerusalem; 

13 and there was not a beast with me but that on which I rode ; 
and I went out at the gate Golela on to the mouth of the well 
of fig trees, and on to the dung gate, tracing the wall of Jeru- 
salem which had been demolished, and the gates of which 

14 were burned with fire. Then I passed on to the gate of Ain 

15 and to the king's pool. But there being no place for the beast 
under me to pass, I continued going up by night along the 
wall of the valley. And having hastily traced the wall, and 

16 come to the valley gate, I returned. Now the watchmen did 
not know why I went nor what I was doing ; for I had not yet 
told the Jews, nor the priests, nor the nobles, nor the officers of 

17 the army, nor the rest who were to do the work. Then I said 
to them, You see the distress in which we are ! How Jerusa- 
lem is a waste, and the gates thereof have been given to the 
flames. Come, let us build up the wall of Jerusalem that we 

18 may no longer be a reproach. And when I told them of the 
good hand of God which was upon me, and the words which 
the king spoke to me, and said, Let us arise and build ; their 

19 hands were strengthened for this good work. But when Sana- 
ballat the Aronite, and Tobia the servant the Ammonite and 
Gesem the Arab heard, they laughed at us, and came to us 
and said, What is this which you are doing? Are you going 
to rebel against the king? In reply to which I said, The God 
of heaven will prosper us, as we his servants are pure and 
will go on with the building ; but you have no portion, nor 
right, nor memorial in Jerusalem. 

III. So Eliasub the high priest arose with his brethren the 
priests, and having built the sheep gate, they consecrated it 
and set up the gates thereof. They consecrated as far as the 
tower of the hundred, and to the tower of Anameel, even to 

2 the work performed by the chiefs of the children of Jericho 
and to the work performed by the children of Zakchur son 

3 of Amari. And the fish gate was built by the sons of Asana. 
Having covered it, they covered also the doors thereof and 

4 the locks and bars thereof. And next to them the chief of the 
children of Ramoth son of Ouria, son of Akkos, continued on 



Ch. III. NEHEMIAS. 

the work. And next to them Mosollam son of Barachias, son 
of Mazebel continued it on. And next to them it was continu- 

5 ed on by Sadok son of Baana. And next to them the Thekoites 
continued it, but their nobles did not put their neck to their 

6 work. And Joida son of Phasek and Mesulam son of Basodia 
repaired the gate Jasanai. They covered it and set up the 

7 doors thereof, and the locks and the bars thereof. And next to 
them Maltias the Gabaonite and Evaron the Meronothite, 
the chiefs of Gabaon and Maspha continued the repairs to the 

8 throne of the governor on this side the river. And next to him 
Oziel son of Arachias with the gold smiths continued the re- 
pairs, and next to them Ananias a chief of the apothecaries for- 
tified, and they left Jerusalem behind them to the broad wall. 

9 And next to them the fortifications were carried on by Raphaia 
son of Sur, the chief of one half of the environs of Jerusalem. 

10 And next to them Jedaia son of Eromaph fortified over against 

11 his house. And Attuth son of Asabania fortified next to him. 
And the next who fortified was Melchias son of Eram, then 
Asub son of Phaath-moab ; and they continued on to the tow- 

12 er of Thanurim. And next to him the fortifications were con- 
tinued by Sallum son of Alloes, the chief of the half of the επ- 
ί 3 virons of Jerusalem — by him and his daughters. The gate of 

the valley was secured by Anun and the inhabitants of Zano. 
They built it and set up the doors thereof, and the locks and 
the bars thereof, and built a thousand cubits of the wall even to 

14 the dung gate. And the dung gate was secured by Melchia son 
of Rechab, chief of the Bethakcharim ward — by him and his 
sons. They covered it and set up the doors thereof, and the 

1 5 gates and the bars thereof. And the gate of the fountain was se- 
cured by Solomon son of Choleze, a chief of a part of Mas- 
pha. He rebuilded and covered it, and set up the doors and the 
bars thereof, and built the wall of the pool of poppies by the 
king's garden, continuing it on to the stairs coming down 

1G from the city of David, And after him Nehemias son of Aza- 
buch, chief of the half of Bethsur ward, continued the fortifi- 
cations to the garden of David's sepulchre and to the artificial 

17 pool and to Bethaggarim. And after him the fortifications were 
continued by the Levites, by Raum son of Bani, and next to 

18 him by Asabia chief of the half of Keila ward, in his ward; 



Ch. IV. NEHEMIAS. 

and after him by their brethren, Benei son of Enadad, chief of 

19 the half of Keila ward; and next to him Azur son of Jesus, the 
chief of Masphai repaired one curtain of the tower of Ascent 

20 which united them at the corner; and after him Barach son 
of Zabu, repaired the other curtain from the corner to the door 

21 of Betheliasub which belonged to the chief priest; and after 
him Meramoth son of Ouria son of Akkos, another piece from 

22 the door of Betheliasub to the termination of that house. And 
after him the priests, the men of Ekkechar continued the re- 

23 pairs; After him Benjamin repaired, and Asub over against 
their house; And after him Azarias son of Maasias son of 

24 Anania, repaired adjoining to his house. After him Bani son 
of Adad, repaired the next curtain from Bethazaria to the cor- 

25 ner; but as far as the curve over against the corner, including 
the tower projecting from the king's house above the court of 
the guard house, was the work of Phalach son of Euzai; and 

26 after him was Phadaia son of Phoros, and the Nathanims who 
dwelt at Ophal, even to the garden of the water gate eastward, 

27 and they had also the tower which projecteth outwards; and 
after him the Thekoites had the curtain over against the great 

28 projecting tower and onward to the wall of Ophla. Above the 
horse gate the priests repaired every man over against his 

29 house : and after them Sadduk son of Emmer repaired over 
against his house ; and after him repaired Samaia, son of Se- 

30 chenia, the keeper of the eastern gate ; and after him Anania, 
son of Selemia, and Anom the sixth son of Seleph had the 
next curtain; and after him Mesulam, son of Barachia had 

31 over against his treasury office; and after him Melchia son of 
Sarephi had as far as Bethan-nathanim ; and the haberdashers 
were over against the Maphekad and as far as the ascent of the 

32 curve ; and the brasiers and the haberdashers had between that 
and the sheep gate. 

IV. Now when Sanaballat heard that we were building the 

2 wall it appeared evil to him and he was much incensed, and 
railed against the Jews, and said before his brethren, Is the ar- 
my of Somoron reduced to this, that these Jews are building 
their city? They are indeed offering sacrifice; but can they 

3 prevail? Can they heal the stones after being burned to aheap 
of dust? Thereupon Tobias the Ammonite came near him and 



Ch. IV. NEHEMIAS. 

said to them, Can they either sacrifice or eat in that place of 
theirs? Cannot a fox go up and demolish their stone walls? 

4 Hear, Ο our God, how we are made a laughing stock, and turn 

5 their reproach back on their own head, and make them an ob- 
ject of derision in a land of captivity, and cover not their in- 
iquity. 

7 But when Sanaballat and Tobias, and the Arabs and the 
Ammonites, heard that the walls of Jerusalem advanced in 
height, and that the breaches began to be stopped, it appeared 

8 to them very vexatious, and they all assembled together to come 

9 and attack Jerusalem, and lay it waste. Upon this we prayed 
to our God, and posted our guards against them day and night 

10 for fear of them, though Juda said, Were the power of these 
enemies broken, there is so much rubbish that we cannot re- 

1 1 build the wall ; and they who afflicted us said, They shall not 
know nor see till we are in the midst of them, and slay them, 

12 and cause the work to cease. And when the Jews who dwelt 

13 near them came and told us, They are coming against us from 
all quarters, I then posted, for the lowest parts of the place in 
the fortified posts behind the wall, the spear men and bow men ; 
and stationed the people with their swords by communities ; 

14 and having taken a view, I arose and said to the nobles, and to 
the officers, and to the rest of the people, Be not afraid of them. 
Remember our God who is great and terrible ; and fight for 
your brethren, your sons, your daughters, your wives and your 

15 houses. And when our enemies heard that we had got intelli- 
gence ; and God had frustrated their designs, we all returned to 

16 the wall, every man to his work. And from that day one half 
of them who had been drawn off" carried on the work, and the 
other half was kept ready with spears and shields, and bows 
and breast plates ; and the chiefs were behind all the house of 

17 Juda who were building the wall. And they who were employ- 
ed in carrying burdens were armed. With one hand they did 

18 their work, and with the other grasped a javelin. And the 
builders had every man his sword girded on his loins while 
they were building. And near every chief was a trumpeter with 

19 a horn. And I said to the nobles and to the chiefs, and to the 
rest of the people, The work is extensive and large, and we are 

20 scattered on the wall, one chief far. from another. In what place 

VOL. II. ο ο 



Gh. V. NEHEMIAS. 

soever you hear the sound of the trumpet, thither you must 

21 assemble to us, and our God will fight for us. So while we 
were carrying on the work, one half of them held their spears 

22 from break of day till the stars appeared. And at that time 
I said to the people, let every man with his youths, lodge in 
Jerusalem, and let the night be devoted to watching and the 

23 day to work. Now I myself mounted guard, and the men on 
duty attended me, and not a man of us put oif our clothes. 

V. Now there was a great cry of the people and their wives, 

2 against their brethren the Jews. There were some who said, 
We with our sons and our daughters are many, therefore we 

3 will take corn that we may eat and live. There were others who 
said, As for our fields and our vineyards and our houses, let us 

4 mortgage them that we may get corn and eat. There were others 
who said, We have borrowed money to pay the king's tribute, 

5 and pledged our fields and our vineyards and our houses, and now 
our flesh is the same as that of our brethren, our sons the same as 
theirs, yet behold we are subjecting our sons and our daughters 
to be slaves, nay, some of our daughters are already subjected 
to bondage, and we have no means to redeem them, for our no- 

6 bles have got our fields and our vineyards. Upon hearing their 

7 cry and these speeches, I was exceedingly grieved. And hav- 
ing consulted in my own mind, I chid the nobles and the 
chiefs, and said to them, Would any man exact of his brother 
what you exact? Then having assembled a great meeting 

8 against them, I said to them, We with our free will offerings 
have purchased our brethren the Jews who were sold to the 
nations ; and are you going to sell your brethren that they 

9 may be sold to us ? And when they held their peace and found 
no answer, I said, This thing which you do is not good. It is 
not in this manner that you are in the fear of our God to avoid 

10 the reproach of the nations, our enemies. My brethren and 
my acquaintances, and I myself, have lent them money and 
provisions. Let us I pray you relinquish our demands for this. 

11 Restore to them, I beseech you, this very day their fields, and 
their vineyards, and their olive yards, and their houses ; and 
abate the price at which you have sold to each other corn and 

12 wine and oil. Thereupon they said, We will restore, and re- 
quire nothing of them. We will do as thou sayest. Then I called 
the priests and having caused them to swear that they would 



Ch. VI, NEHEMIAS. 

13 do according to this decree, I shook my lap and said, So may 
God shake every man who will not perform this promise, out 
of his house and from his labour, and let them be shaken out 
and emptied. And all the congregation said, Amen ; and praised 
the Lord, and the people executed the decree. 

14 From the day I was appointed to be their governor in the 
land of Juda — from the twentieth to the thirty second year of 
Arthasastha — for twelve years, I and my brethren did not 

15 eat the daily allowance which was their due — those daily al. 
lowances with which they who were before me had loaded 
them, and which they had exacted from them in bread and 
wine, to the amount at least of forty didrachms of silver. They 
indeed who had been displaced, tyrannised over the people ; 

16 but as for me I did not do so ; because I feared God. Even 
in the work of the wall, I did not domineer over them ; nor 
did I purchase a field : and all who were employed with me 

17 there in the work, even a hundred and fifty chief men of the 
Jews, besides those who came to us, from the nations around 

18 us, were at my table. And the daily provisions for my table, 
was one ox, six choice sheep, and a kid for myself; and every 
ten days wine in plenty for all. Yet for all this I did not demand 
the daily allowance of bread, because the bondage was heavy 

19 upon the people. Remember me, Ο my God, for good, for all 
I have done for this people. 

VI. Now when Sanaballat and Tobias and Gesam the Arab, 
and the rest of our enemies heard that I had built the wall, and 
that there was no opening left therein ; (at that time I had 
not fixed up the doors in the gates,) Sanaballat and Gesam 

2 sent to me saying, Come let us have a meeting at the villages 

3 in the plain of Ono, intending to do me some mischief. Upon 
which I sent messengers to them saying, I am engaged in a 
great work, and cannot go down, lest the work should stop. 

•1 Soon as I have completed it, I will go down to you. Again 
they sent to me to the same effect, and I returned them the 
same answer. 

5 Then Sanaballat sent his servant to me with an open letter 

6 in his hand, in which was written, " It is reported among the 
nations that thou and the Jews intend to rebel ; that for this 
purpose thou art rebuilding the wall ; and that thou art to be 

7 their king : and besides this that thou hast set up prophets 



Ch. VII. NEHEMIAS. 

for thyself that thou mayst make thyself king in Jerusalem 
over Juda. Now these reports will be told to the king, how 

8 therefore come and let us consult together." In reply to which 
I sent to him saying, There is no foundation for the reports 
as thou mentionest them, for thou thyself feignest them out 
of thine own heart. 

9 Because all were trying to terrify us saying, Their hands 
must be weakened from this work, so that it may not be accom- 
plished, therefore on this occasion I strengthened my hands. 

10 So when I went to the house of Semei, son of Dalaia, son of 

11 Metabaal, he became enrapt and said, "Let us repair to the 
house of God — into the midst thereof — and shut the doors 

12 thereof — for they are coming by night to kill us." But I said, 
What sort of a man must he be who would go into the house 
of God to save his life ! And upon inquiry I found that God 
had not sent him, and that his prophecy was a contrivance 

13 against me ; and that Tobias and Sanaballat had hired a mul- 
titude against me, that I might be frightened, and act in this 
manner, and take a wrong step, and fall into disrepute, that 

14 they might reproach me. Remember, Ο God, Tobias and 
Sanaballat, according to these doings of theirs ; and Noa- 
dias the prophet, and the rest of the prophets, who tried to 
terrify me. 

15 Now the wall was finished on the five and twentieth day 

16 of the month Elul, in fifty two days. And when all our ene- 
mies heard ; all the nations around us were terrified, and great 
fear fell upon them ; for they saw plainly that the perfecting 

17 of this work was of our God. In those days many of the no- 
bles of Juda sent letters to Tobias, and received letters from 

18 him. For many in Juda were affined to him, for he was the 
son in law of Sechenias, son of Erae, and his son Jonan had 
married a daughter of Mesulam, son of Barachias, and they 

19 kept on, telling me what he said and conveying to him what 
I said. And Tobias sent letters to frighten me. 

VII. Now when the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, 

2 and the keepers were reviewed and the musicians and the Le- 
vites, I gave a charge to my brother Ananias, and to i\nanias 
chief of Bira in Jerusalem ; for he was a man of truth, and 

3 feared God above many ; and I said to them, The gates of 



Ch. VII. NEHEMIAS. 

Jerusalem must not be opened till sunrise. And when the 
watch is set, let the doors be shut and well bolted, and appoint 
guards of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, every man in his ward, 

4 and every man over against his house. As the city was of large 
extent, and the people therein few, and the houses were not re- 

5 built, God put it into my heart, and I had collected the nobles 
and the chiefs, and the people into classes, having found a 
book of the enrollment of those who first came up, in which I 

6 found written : " Now these are the children of the province 
who came up from the captivity — from the distant abode to 
which Nabuchodonosar the king of Babylon had sent them, 

7 and who returned, every man to his city, with Zorobabel and 
Jesus, and Nehemias, Azarias and Reelma, Naemani, Morde- 
cai, Balsan, Maspharath, Esdra, Baguia, Inaum, Baana, Mas- 
phar, head men of the people of Israel. 

8 The children of Pharos, two thousand a hundred and se- 
venty two; 

9 The children of Saphatia, three hundred and seventy two ; 

10 The children of Era, six hundred and fifty two ; 

11 The children of Phaath-moab, descendants of Jesu and 
Joab, two thousand six hundred and eighteen ; 

12 The children of Ailam, a thousand two hundred and fifty 
four; 

The children of Zathuia, eight hundred and forty five ; 
The children of Zakchu, seven hundred and sixty ; 
The children of Banui, six hundred and forty eight ; 
The children of Bebi, six hundred and twenty eight ; 
The children of Esgad, two thousand three hundred and 
twenty two; 

The children of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty seven ; 

The children of Bagoi, two thousand and sixty seven; 

The children of Edin, six hundred and fifty five ; 

The children of Ater, descendants of Ezekias, ninety eight; 

The children of Esam, three hundred and twenty eight ; 

The children of Besei, three hundred and twenty four; 

The children of Ariph, a hundred and twelve ; 

The children of Asen, two hundred and twenty three ; 

The children of Gabaon, ninety five ; 

The children of Baithalem, a hundred and twenty three ; 

The children of Atopha, fifty six ; 



Ch. VII. NEHEMIAS. 

27 The children of Anathoth, a hundred and twenty eight ; 

28 The men of Bethasmoth, forty two ; 

29 The men of Kariathiarim, Kaphira and Beroth, seven hun- 
dred and forty three ; 

SO The men of Arama and Gabaa, six hundred and twenty ; 

31 The men of Machemas, a hundred and twenty two ; 

32 The men of Baithel and Ai, a hundred and twenty three ; 

33 The men of Nabia, a hundred and fifty two. 

34 The men of Elamaar, a thousand two hundred and fifty 
two ; 

35 The children of Eram, three hundred and twenty ; 

36 The children of Jericho, three hundred and forty five; 

37 The children of Lodadid and Ono, seven hundred and 
twenty one ; 

38 The children of Sanana, three thousand nine hundred and 
thirty ; 

.39 The Priests. The children of Jodae, for the house of Je- 
sus, nine hundred and seventy three ; 

40 The children of Emmer, a thousand and fifty two ; 

41 The children of Phaseur, a thousand two hundred and forty 
seven ; 

42 The children of Eram, a thousand and seventeen ; 

43 The Levites. The children of Jesus and Kadmiel, de- 
scendants of Ouduia, seventy four. 

44 The musicians, the children of Asaph, a hundred and 
eighty eight. 

45 The keepers of the gates, the Salumites, the Aterites, the 
Telmonites, the Akubites, the Atites, the Sabites, a hundred 
and thirty eight. 

46 The Nathinimsy The Seas', the Asphas', the Tabaoths', 
the Kiras', the Asuias', the Phadons', the Labana's, the Aga- 
bas', the Selmeis', the Anans', the Gadels', the Gaars', the 

50 Raaias', the Rassons', the Nekodas', the Gersams', the Ozis', 
the Pheses', the Besis', the Meinons', the Nephosasis', the 
Bakbuks', the Achiphas', the Aroers', the Basaloths', the Mi- 
das', the Adasons', the Barkoues', the Sisaraths', the Therms', 

55 the Nisias', the Atiphas'. The children of Solomon's servants, 
the Suteis', the Sapharats', the Pheridas', the Jelels', the Dor- 
kons',the Gadaels', the Saphatias', the Ettels', the Phakaraths', 



Ch. VIII. NEHEMIAS. 

the Sabaims', the Emims', all these Nathinims and the child- 
ren of Solomon's servants, three hundred and ninety two. 

61 These also came up from Thelmeleth, Thelaresa, Charub, 
Eron, Jemer, but could not shew the houses of their families, 

62 nor their seed, whether they are of Israel, namely, the child- 
ren of Dalaia, the children of Tobia, the children of Nc- 

63 koda, six hundred and forty two. And of the priests: the 
children of Ebia, the children of Akos, the children of Ber- 
zelli, (for they had married some of the daughters of Ber- 

64 zelli, the Galaadite, and were called by their names) — these 
sought the register of their genealogy, but it could not be found. 

65 Though they were related to the priesthood, yet the Athersas- 
tha ordered, that they should not eat of the most holy meats, 

66 until a priest should arise with the Manifestation. The whole 
congregation was about forty two thousand three hundred and 
sixty, exclusive of their men servants and maid servants, the 
number of whom was seven thousand three hundred and thirty 
seven, and the choristers of both sexes, two hundred and forty 
five. Their asses were two thousand seven hundred. 

70 As some of the heads of the families had given for the 
work — to Nehemias, for the treasury, a thousand pieces of 

71 gold, fifty cups, and thirty vestures for the priests ; the other 
heads of the families gave for the treasures of the work, twen- 
ty thousand pieces of gold, and two thousand three hundred 

72 mnas of silver ; and the rest of the people gave twenty thou- 
sand pieces of gold, and two thousand two hundred mnas 

73 of silver, and sixty seven vestures for the priests. Now the 
priests and the Levites, and the keepers of the gates and the 
musicians, and some of the people, and the Nathinims, and all 

V1H; Israel, had taken up their abode in their cities ; but 
when the seventh month was come, the sons of Israel who 
were in their cities, and all the people, assembled like one man, 
in the street which is before the water gate, and spoke to Es- 
dras the scribe to bring out the book of the law of Moses, 

2 which the Lord had enjoined on Israel. So Esdras the priest, 
brought out the law before the congregation, consisting of men 
and women, even all who had understanding, to hear it, on the 
first day of the seventh month, and read therein from sun ris- 

3 ingto mid day, before the men and the women, even all who 



Ch. VIII. NEHEMIAS. 

were capable of understanding. And the ears of all the people 
were attentive to the book of the law. 

4 Now Esdras the scribe stood on a wooden scaffold, and 
there stood near him Matthathias and Samaias and Ananias 
and Ourias and Chelkia and Maasia on his right ; and on his 
left, Phadaias and Misael and Melchias and Asom and Asa- 

5 badma and Zacharias and Mesollom. And Esdras opened the 
book in the presence of all the people, for he was above them. 

6 And when he opened it all the prophets stood up. Then Esdras 
blessed the Lord the great God. And all the people answered 
and said, Amen, with uplifted hands. Then they bowed down 

7 and worshipped the Lord with their faces to the ground. And 
Jesus and Banaias and Sarabias proceeded to instruct the peo~ 

8 pie in the law, and the people kept their station. And when 
they had read in the book of the law of God, Esdras taught 
and enforced it with a knowledge of the Lord, so that the peo- 

9 pie gained understanding by the reading. Then spake Nehe- 
niias — when Esdras the priest and scribe and the Levites and 
they who instructed the people, had said to all the people, This 
day is holy to the Lord our God, mourn not nor weep (for all 
the people wept when they heard the words of the law) then he 

10 said to them, Go, eat dainty meats, and drink sweet wine and 
send portions to them who have none, for this day is holy to 
the Lord ; and do not despond ; for the Lord is our strength. 

11 And the Levites stilled all the people, saying, Hold your peace 

12 for this is a holy day and do not despond. So all the people went 
away to eat and drink, and send portions and make great joy, 
because they had gained knowledge by the words which were 
explained to them. 

13 And on the second day, when the heads of the families 
with all the people and the priests and the Levites, were as- 
sembled before Esdras the scribe, to attend to all the words of 

14 the law, they found it written in the law which the Lord had 
given in charge to Moses, That the Israelites should dwell in 

15 booths at the festival in the seventh month, and that they should 
sound trumpets in all their cities and in Jerusalem. Where- 
upon Esdras said, Go out to the mountains and bring in olive 
branches, and branches of cypress trees and myrtle branches 
and palm branches, and the branches of every bushy free to 



Ch. IX. NEHEMIAS. 

16 make booths according to what is written. Accordingly the peo- 
ple went out and brought them, and made for themselves 
booths, every man on his house top, and in their court yards, 
and in the courts of the house of God, and in the streets of the 

17 city, even to the gate of Ephraim. And when all the congrega- 
tion — all who had returned from captivity, had made them- 
selves booths and sat therein, because the Israelites had not 
done so from the days of Joshua son of Nave even to that day, 

18 the joy was great. So he read in the book of the law of God, 
day by day, from the first day to the last. And when they had 
kept the festival for seven days, on the eighth they kept the 
exod according to custom. 

IX. And on the twenty fourth day of the same month, the 
children of Israel were assembled, fasting, and in sackcloth, 
and with earth on their heads, and having separated themselves 
from every stranger, they stood and confessed their sins and 

3 the iniquities of their fathers. When they had stood in their 
place and had the book of the law of the Lord their God read 
to them, and had made confession to the Lord and worshipped 

4 the Lord their God; then Jesus stood on the step of the Le- 
vites with the sons of Kadmiel, Sechenia son of Sarabia, the 
sons of Choneni : and when they had cried with a loud voice 

5 to the Lord their God, and the Levites, Jesus and Kadmiel said, 
Arise, bless ye the Lord our God ; from everlasting to ever- 
lasting let them bless thy glorious name, and exalt it with all 
blessing and praise, then Esdras said, " Thou art thyself the 

6 only Lord. Thou hast made the heaven and the heaven of 
heaven with all their host, the earth and all the things therein, 
the seas and all which are in them; and thou quickenest them 

7 all; and the armies of heaven worship thee. Thou art the Lord 
God. Having made choice of Abram, thou didst lead him 
out from the country of the Chaldees and give him the name. 

8 of Abraham. And finding his heart faithful before thee, thou 
madest a covenant with him, to give him the land of the 
Chananites and the Chettites and the Amorites and the Phere- 
zites and the Jebusites and the Gergasites, even to his seed, 
and hast performed thy words, for thou art righteous. 

9 " Thou didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt and 
10 didst hear their cry at the Red sea; and having shown signs 

vot,. it. ρ ρ 



Ch. IX. NEHEMIAS. 

and wonders in Egypt on Pharao and on all his servants and 
on all his people, because thou knewest that they had behaved 
proudly against them, and made thyself a name as at this day, 

11 thou didst cleave the sea before them, and they passed through 
the midst of the sea on dry ground, but those who were pur- 
suing thou didst cast into the deep like a stone in boisterous 

12 water. With a pillar of cloud thou didst guide them by day ; 
and by night with a pillar of fire, to illumine the way for them 

13 in which they should go: thou earnest down also on mount 
Sina and didst speak to them from heaven, and give them right 
judgments and laws of truth and statutes and good command- 

14 ments. Thou madest known to them thy holy sabbaths and 
didst prescribe for them commandments and statutes and a law 
by the ministry of thy servant Moses. 

15 " Thou gavest them also bread from heaven for their food, 
and didst bring water for them out of a rock for their thirst, or- 
dering them to go in and tak e possession of the land which thou 

16 hadst stretched forth thy hand to give them. But they, even our 
fathers, behaved proudly and hardened their neck, and hearken- 
ed not to thy commandments. 

17 " Though they refused to go in, and were unmindful of 
thy wonders which thou hadst done among them — though 
they hardened their neck, and set up a head to return to their 
bondage in Egypt, yet thou who art a God merciful and gra- 
cious, long suffering and of great kindness, didst not forsake 

18 them utterly. Even before this, though they made themselves 
a molten calf and said, These are the gods which brought us 

19 up out of Egypt, and committed great provocations; yet thou 
through thy manifold mercies didst not leave them in the wil- 
derness. Thou didst not withdraw from them by day the pillar 
of a cloud which was to guide them in the way, nor the pillar 
of fire, at night, which was to illumine the way for them in 

20 which they should go ; but gavest thy good spirit to instruct 
them ; and not withholding thy manna from their mouth, thou 

21 gavest them water when they were athirst. Thus didst thou 
sustain them forty years in the wilderness, not suffering them 
to want any thing. Their clothes did not wear out, nor were 

22 their feet galled. Then thou gavest them kingdoms, and didst 
divide peoples among them ; so they took possession of the 



Ch. IX. NEHEMIAS. 

land of Seon king of Esebon, and of the land of Og king of 

23 Basan. And having multiplied their children as the stars of 
heaven, thou broughtest them into the land which thou hadst 

24 promised their fathers ; and they took possession of it. But 
when thou hadst subdued before them the inhabitants of the 
land of the Chananites, and delivered them into their hands-— 
both the kings and the people of the land, to do with them as 

25 they thought fit; and they had taken lofty cities, and got pos- 
session of houses filled with all good things, of cisterns ready 
hewn out of stone, of vineyards and oliveyards, and all sorts of 
fruit trees in abundance, and had eaten and were filled, and be- 

26 came fat, they rioted on thy great bounty, and turned and 
apostatised from thee, and cast thy law behind their backs : 
Nay, they slew thy prophets who testified against them to turn 

27 them to thee ; and committed great provocations. Therefore 
thou didst deliver them into the hand of their enemies, who 
afflicted them. But when, in the time of their distress they cried 
to thee, thou from heaven didst hear, and in thy tender mercies 
which are great, thou didst send them deliverers, and save 

28 them out of the hand of them who were afflicting them. Yet 
soon as they had rest, they returned to do evil in thy sight, 
therefore thou didst leave them in the hand of their enemies, 

29 who exercised dominion over them. But again when they cried 
to thee, thou from heaven didst hearken, and in the multitude 
of thy tender mercies didst deliver them, and admonish them 
to return to thy law. When they hearkened not, but trans- 
gressed thy commandments and thy judgments, (which if a 

30 man practise he shall live thereby) and turned back rebelliously, 
and hardened their neck, and would not hear, and thou hadst 
borne with them many years, and testified against them by thy 
Spirit — by the ministry of thy prophets ; and they did not give 

31 ear, though thou didst deliver them into the hands of the peo- 
ple of the land, yet in the multitude of thy tender mercies thou 
didst not give them up to utter destruction, nor quite forsake 
them. 

32 u Seeing thou art mighty and merciful, and tenderly com- 
passionate; now therefore, Ο our God, the Mighty, the Great, 
the Powerful and the Awful, who keepestthy covenant and thy 
mercy, let not all the trouble be accounted light in thy sight, 



Ch. X. NEHEMIAS. 

which hath come upon us, and our kings, and our chiefs, and 
our priests, and our prophets, and our fathers, and on all thy 
people from the days of the kings of Assur even to this day. 

33 Thou indeed art righteous in all that have come upon us. For 

34 thou hast acted with truth; but we have sinned greatly. Our 
kings, and our chiefs, and our priests, and our fathers, have 
not kept thy law, nor hearkened to thy commandments and 

35 thy testimonies which thou hast testified against them. Even in 
thine own kingdom, and during that abundant bounty of thine 
which thou didst bestow on them, and in this extensive and rich 
country which thou gavest before them, they have not served 

36 thee, nor turned away from their wicked devices. Behold we 
are now slaves, and as for this land which thou gavest to our 

37 fathers to eat the fruits thereof, and the good things thereof, 
behold we are slaves in it; and its abundant fruits belong to 
those kings whom for our sins thou hast set over us, and who 
have dominion over our bodies, and who can do with our cat- 

38 tie what they please, so that we are in great affliction. In a due 
sense, therefore, of all these things we pledge our faith, we by 
writing, and our chiefs, our Levites, and our priests by seal- 

X. ing — (now they who sealed Were Nehemias the Artasastha, son 
ofAchelia, and Sedekias son of Araia, and Azaria and Jeremia, 
Phasur, Amaria, Melchia, Attus, Sebani, Maluch, Irani, Ale- 
rainoth, Abdia, Daniel, Gannathon, Baruch, Mosulam, Abia, Mi- 
9 amin, Maasia, Belgai, Samaia: And these priests and Levites, 
Jesus son of Azania, Banaiu, ofthesonsofEnadad, Kadmiel and 
his brethren, Sabania, Oduia, Kalitan, Phelia, Anan, Micha, 
Rohob, Asebias, Zakchur, Sarabia, Sebania, Odum, sons of Ba- 
nuai; the chiefs of the people, Phoros, Phaath-moab, Elam, Zat- 
thnia, sons of Bani, Asgad, Bebai, Adania, Bagoi, Edin, Ater, 
Ezekia, Azur, Oduia, Esam, Best, Ariph, Anathoth, JYobai, 
Megaphes, Mesullam, Ezir, Mesozebel, Saduk, Jeddua, Phal- 
tia, Anan, Anaia, Osee, Anania, Asub, Aloes, Phalai, Sobek, 
Reum, Essabana, Maasia andAia, Ainan, Eram, Maluch, Eram t 
Baana: and the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the 
keepers of the gates, the musicians, the Nathinims, arid every one 
who came from among the people of the land to the law of God, 
their wives, their sons, their daughters, every one who had know- 
ledge and understanding, were urgent with their brethren, and 



Ch. X. NEHEMIAS. 

bound themselves with anoath, entering into a curse and an oath — J 

29 that we will walk in the law of God, which was given by the 
ministry of Moses the servant of God, to keep and to do all the 
commandments of the Lord and his judgments and his sta- 

30 tntes ; and that we will not give our daughters to the people 
of the land; nor will we take their daughters for our sons, 

3 1 and that with regard to the people of the country who bring 
wares or any thing to sell on the sabbath day, we will not buy 

32 of them on the sabbath, or on a holy day: and that every se- 
venth year we will remit every demand of what kind soever : 
and that we will confirm the commands upon us to give every 
year a third of a didrachm for the service of the house of our 

33 God, for the presence loaves and the sacrifice of the daily ob- 
lation and for the whole burnt offering of every day, of the 
sabbaths, of the new moons, for the festivals and for the holy 
things, namely, the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, 

34 and for the works of the house of our God : and that we the 
priests and the Levites and the people who have cast lots touch- 
ing the bringing of wood, will bring it for the house of our 
God, for the house of our families, at the set times and seasons 
yearly, to be burned on the altar of the Lord our God, as it is 

35 written in the law: and that we will bring the first fruits of our 
land, and the first fruits of every fruit tree yearly to the house 

36 of the Lord, and do, with regard to the first born of our sons 
and our cattle, as it is written in the law ; that we will bring 
the firstlings of our herds and our flocks to the house of our 
God for the priests, who minister in the house of our God : 

37 and that we will bring the dedications of our corn including 
the fruit of trees, and of wine and oil to the stores of the 
house of God for the priests ; and the tythe of our land for 
the Levites. But the Levites themselves shall receive the tythes 

38 in all the cities of our bondage; and the priest, the son of 
Aaron, shall share with the Levite in the Levite's tythe ; and 
the Levites shall carry the tythe of their tythe to the house of 

39 our God — to the store houses for the house of our God — be- 
cause the children of Israel including the children of Levi arc 
to carry the dedications of their corn, their wine and their oil 
to these treasuries, and the holy vessels and the priests and the 
ministering servants and the keepers of the gates and the mu- 



Ch. XL NEHEMIAS. 

sicians are to be there, therefore we will not forsake the house 
of our God." 
XI. Now the chiefs of the people dwelt at Jerusalem, and the 
rest of the people cast lots to bring one of every ten to dwell 

2 in Jerusalem, the holy city, and nine parts in their cities. And 
the people blessed all those men who were of their own accord 

3 willing to dwell in Jerusalem. Now these are chiefs of the 
country who dwelt in Jerusalem and the cities of Juda. There 
dwelt every man in his possession in their cities, Israel, the 
priests and the Levites and the Nathinims and the children of 

4 Solomon's servants : and there dwelt in Jerusalem some of the 
sons of Juda and some of the sons of Benjamin — of the sons 
of Juda, Athaia, son Azia, son Zacharia, son Samaria, son 

5 Saphatia, son Maleleel ; and of the sons of Phares also, Maasia, 
son Baruch, son Chalaza, son Ozia, son Adaia, son Joarib, 

6 the son of Zacharias, the son of the Selonite — all these sons 
of Phares who dwelt in Jerusalem were four hundred and 

7 sixty eight men of array. And these were the sons of Benja- 
min, Selo, son Mesulom, son Joad, son Phadaia, son Choleia, 

8 son Maasias, son Ethiel, son Jesia, and after him, Gebe, Sele, 

9 nine hundred and twenty eight, and Joel son of Zechri was 
overseer over them, and Juda son of Asana for the city was 

10 second. Of the priests, Jadia son of Joarid, Jachin, Saraia, son 
Alchia, son Mesulam, son Sadduk, son Marioth, son Aitoth 

11 were over against the house of God, and their brethren who 

12 did the work of the house were eight hundred and twenty two; 
and Adaia a son of Jeroam who was the son of Phalatia son of 

13 Amasi, son Zacharias, son Phasur, son Melchia and his bre- 
thren, heads of families, two hundred and forty two; and 
Amasia son of Esdriel who was the son of Mesarimith, son of 

14 Emmer and his brethren fit to be mustered, a hundred and 
twenty eight, and their overseer was Badiel one of the nobles. 

15 And of the Levites, Samaia son of Esrikam, Matthanias son of 

16 Micha and Jobed, son of Samue, two hundred and eighty 
19 four. And the keeper of the gates, Akub, Telamin and their 
22 brethren, a hundred and seventy two. And the overseer of 

the Levites son Bani, son Ozi, son Asabia, son Micha of the 
sons of Asaph the musicians attended over against the work 
of the house of God, for it was the king's command to them. 



Ch. XII. NEHEMIAS. 

24 And Phathaia son of Baseza was the king's minister for all 

25 matters with the people. And for their villages in the fields 
some of the sons of Juda dwelt at Kariatharbok and at Jesou 

30 and at Bersabee. And their villages were Lachis and its fields, 
and they encamped at Bersabee. And the sons of Benjamin 

36 were from Gabaa to Mackmas, and of the Levites, some were 
with Juda and some with Benjamin. 

XII. Now these are the priests and the Levites who came up 
with Zorobabel son of Salathiel and Jesus, Saraia, Jcremia, 
7 Esdra, Amaria, Maluch, Sechenia, these were the chiefs of the 
priests ; and their brethren in the days of Jesus, namely, the 
Levites, were Jesu, Banui, Kadmiel, Sarabaia, Jodae, Mattha- 
nia. He was superintendant, and their brethren were for the 
courses. And Jesus begot Joakim and Joakim begot Eliasib 
and Eliasib begot Jodae, and Jodae begot Jonathan, and Jona- 
than begot Jadu. And in the days of Joakim his brethren the 
priests, the chiefs of the families were for Saraia, Amaria ; for 
Jeremia, Anania ; for Esdra, Mesulam ; for Amaria, Joanan ; 
jbr Amaluch, Jonathan ; for Sechenia, Joseph ; for Are, Man- 
nas ; for Marioth v Elkai ; for Adadai, Zacharia ; for Ga- 
nathoth, Mesolam ; for Abia, Zechri ; for Miamin, Maadai ; 
for Pheleti ; for Balgas, Samue ; for Semia, Jonathan ; for Joa- 
rib, Matthanai ; for Edio, Ozi ; for Salai, Kallai ; for Amek, 

22 Abed; for Elkia, Asabias ; for Jediu, Nathaniel. And in the 
days of Eliasib, these Levites, Joada and Joa, and Joanan and 
Idua were enrolled chiefs of the families, and they were the 

23 priests in the reign of Darius the Persian. Now the Levites 
enrolled as heads of the families in the book of Chronicles, 

24 continued till the days of Joanan son of Elisue. And these 
were the chiefs of the Levites, Asabia and Sarabia and Jesu, 
and the sons of Kadmiel and their brethren, were over against 
them for the hymn, to sing praises according to the command 
of David the man of God course for course. 

25 When I had collected the keepers of the gates in the days of 
Joakim, son of Jesus, son of Josedek, even in the days of Nehe- 
mias, when Esdras was the priest and scribe, at the dedication of 
the wall of Jerusalem, they sought the Levites in all their places 
to bring them to Jerusalem, to make the dedication with joyful 

28 thanksgivings and with songs, accompanied with cymbals and 



Ch. XII. NEHEMIAS. 

psalteries and kinyras ; and the sons of the musicians were as- 
sembled at Jerusalem from the neighbourhood around, both 

29 from the villages and the fields. For the musicians at Jerusa- 

30 lem had built villages for themselves. And the priests and the 
Leviies having purified themselves, purified also the people, 

31 and the keepers of the gates and the wall. Then they brought 
up the chiefs of Juda upon the wait, and having appointed two 
great companies for the songs of praise, they proceeded on 

32 from the right upon the wall of the dung gate ; and after 

33 them went Osaia and half of the chiefs of Juda, namely, Aza- 
rias and Esdras, and Mesolam and Juda, and Benjamin and 

34 Samaias, and Jeremia and some of the sons of the priests, with 

35 trumpets, Zacharias, son Jonathan, son Samaia, son Mattha- 

36 nia, son Michaia, son Zakchur, son Asaph and his brethren, 
Samaia and Oziel, Gelol, Jama, Aia, Nathaniel and Juda, 
Anani, to sing praises in the songs of David, the man of God. 

37 And Esdras the scribe was before those at the gate, to sing 
praises over against these. And they went up the stairs of the 
city of David, by the ascent of the wall above the house of 
David, and on to the water gate of Ephraim, and over the 
fish gate, and by the tower of Anameel, and on to the sheep 

42 gate. And the musicians were heard though they were hid 

43 from view. And on that day they offered great sacrifices, and 
rejoiced. Because God had given them great joy, therefore 
their wives and their children rejoiced, and the joy of Jerusalem 
was heard at a great distance. 

44 x\nd on that day they appointed chief men over the store 
houses for the treasures, the dedications, and the tythes, and 
what were collected therein for the chiefs of the cities, and as- 
signed portions for the priests and the Levites. For Juda re- 
joiced at the attendance of the priests and the Levites, as they 
kept the watches of their God and the watches of purification ; 

45 and at the attendance of the musicians and the keepers of the 
gates, as they were instituted by the command of David and his 

46 son Solomon. Because in the days of David at the institution, 
Asaph was the first of them who sung hymns and praises to 

47 God, therefore in the days of Zorobabel and in the days of Ne- 
hemias, all Israel continued the giving daily portions to the 
musicians and to the keepers of the gates, dedicating them to 



Ch. XIII. NEHEMIAS. 

the Levites, and the Levites dedicating them to the sons of 
Aaron. 
XIII. On reading that day in the book of Moses in the audi- 
ence of the people, it was found written therein, that the Am- 
monites and the Moabites should not enter into the congrega- 
tion of God forever ; because they did not meet the Israelites 
with bread and water ; but hired Balaam against them to curse 

3 them; but our God turned the curse into a blessing. And 
when they heard the law, they separated from Israel all the 

4 mixed multitude. Now before this, Eliasib the priest, made 
his dwelling in a store house of the house of our God. Having 

5 an affinity with Tobias, he had fitted up for himself a large 
store house in which they formerly stored up the sacrifice and 
the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tythe of the corn, 
and the wine and the oil, the allotment of the Levites and the 
musicians, and the keepers of the gates, and the oblations 

6 which belonged to the priest. But during all that time I was 
not at Jerusalem. For in the thirty second year of Arthasastha 

7 king of Babylon, I went to the king. And at the end of the 
year, having obtained the king's leave, I came to Jerusalem. 
When I was informed of the wickedness which Eliasib had 
committed for the sake of Tobias, in fitting up for him a trea- 

8 sure house in the court of the house of God, it grieved me ex- 
ceedingly ; therefore I threw all the furniture of Tobias out of 

9 the treasure house. And when by my orders they had purified 
the rooms, I caused to be brought there again the utensils of 

10 the house of God, and the sacrifice and the incense. And when 
I understood that the portions of the Levites had not been giv- 
en them ; and that the Levites and the musicians who were 
employed in the service had fled, every man to his field, 

111 quarrelled with the officers and said, Why is the house of 

12 God forsaken ? Then I brought them together and set them 
in their station ; and all Juda brought in the tythe of the corn, 
and the wine, and the oil into the treasuries, under the charge 
of Selemia the priest, and Sadok the scribe, and Phadaia, one 

13 of the Levites, who had for assistants Anan, son Zakchur, son 
Mathanias, because they were accounted faithful. And it was 
their business to make distribution among their brethren. 

vol. ri. <^ q 



Ch. XIII. NEHEMIAS. 

14 Remember me, Ο God, for this; and let not the observance I 
have paid to the house of the Lord God be blotted out. 

15 In those days I saw in Juda some treading wine presses on 
the sabbath day, and some carrying sheaves, and loading their 
asses with wine and grapes and figs, and all kinds of burdens, 
and bringing them to Jerusalem on the sabbath day. Where- 
upon I testified against them, touching the day of their selling. 

16 Some also dwelt there who brought fish, and sold all sorts of 
wares on the sabbath, to the children of Juda, even in Jerusa- 

17 lem. Upon this I chid the freemen of Juda, and said to them, 

18 What evil is this which you do in profaning the sabbath ? Did 
not your fathers do so, and did not our God bring upon them 
and upon us, and upon this city, all these evils? And are you 
bringing more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath ? 

19 And when the gates of Jerusalem were set up, I ordered them 
to be shut before the sabbath, and gave a charge that they 
should not be opened till after the sabbath; and I stationed 
some of my servants at the gates that no burdens might be 

20 brought in on the sabbath day. Upon this they all lodged and 
carried on their traffick without Jerusalem once or twice. 

21 Then I testified against them and said to them, Why do you 
lodge before the walls ? If you do so any more I will lay hands 

22 on you. From that time they did not come on the sabbath. 
Then I ordered the Levites who were sanctified and come to 
guard the gates, to keep holy the sabbath day. For these things 
remember me, Ο my God, and have compassion on me accord- 
ing to thy abundant mercy. 

23 In those days also I saw the Jews who had married wives 

24 of x\zotus, of Ammon, and of Moab, and their children spoke 

25 half in the dialect of Azotus, and did not know how to speak 
the Jewish language ; and I quarrelled with them, and re- 
proached them, and smote some men among them, and caus- 
ed some of them to be shaved, and adjured them by God, say- 
ing, You shall not give jour daughters to their sons, nor take 

26 any of their daughters for your sons. Did not Solomon king 
of Israel sin by doing so ? Though among many nations there 
was not a king like him ? Though he was beloved by God, 
and God had made him king over all Israel, yet strange women 

27 led him astray. Let us not therefore hear of your committing 



Ch. XIII. NEHEMIAS. 

all this iniquity, breaking covenant with our God, and marry- 

28 ing strange women. And one of the sons of Joada the son of 
Elisub the high priest, being the son in law of Sanaballat the 
Ouranite, I drove him from me. 

29 Put them in mind, Ο God, of their near relation to the 

30 priesthood, and of the covenant of the priesthood. As for the 
Levites I purified them from all connexion with strangers, 
and appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites, every 
man according to his business, and the offering of the wood 
carriers at stated periods, and at the festivals. 

Remember me Ο God, for good. 

ESTHER. 

I. After these things, in the days of Artaxerxes the same 

2 who reigned from India, over a hundred and twenty seven 
provinces, when Artaxerxes was settled on his throne in the 

3 city Susoi, in the third year of his reign, he made an entertain- 
ment for his friends, both for other nations, and for the nobles 

4 of the Persians and Medes, and for the governors. And having 
after this displayed to them the riches of his kingdom, and the 
transporting glory of his riches, for a hundred and eighty days, 

5 when the days of his marriage were fulfilled, the king made 
an entertainment for all the nations who were in the city, for 

6 six days, in the court of the royal palace, which was adorned 
with painted hangings of cotton, extended with cords of cot- 
ton, and purple yarn, to capitals of gold and silver, on pillars 
of parian marble and alabaster. The couches were of gold and 
silver, on a pavement of smaragdine, pinine, and pafian stone; 
and their covers were of gause, painted with a variety of flow- 

7 ers ; and roses were scattered all around. The goblets of gold 
and silver, with a small carbuncled cup to each, amounted in 
value to thirty thousand talents. There was wine in abundance 

8 and of a sweet quality, such as the king himself drank. Now 
this entertainment was not according to an established cus- 
tom ; but the king would have it so, and he commanded the 
stewards to comply with his pleasure, and that of the guests. 

9 Astin the queen also made an entertainment for the women 
10 in the royal palace, where king Artaxerxes was. And on the 



Ch. Π. ESTHER. 

seventh day, the king, in high good humour, ordered Aman and 
Basan and Tharra and Barazi and Zatholtha and Abataza and 
Tharaba, the seven chamberlains, who waited on king Artax- 

11 erxes, to bring the queen to him to proclaim her queen, and 
crown her with a diadem, and shew her to the chiefs, and her 

12 beauty to the nations ; for she was beautiful. But queen Astin 
hearkened not to him to come with the chamberlain, at which 

13 the king was greatly offended and inflamed with anger and 
he said to his friends, Astin hath spoken so and so ; do you 
therefore execute law and judgment, touching this matter. 

14 Thereupon there came before him, Arkesaius and Sarsathaius 
and Malisear the chiefs of the Persians and Medes, who were 

15 near the king, and had the first seats next him ; and told him 
according to the laws what ought to be done to queen Astin, 
because she had not done what the king had commanded by 

16 the chamberlains. And Muchaius said to the king and to the 
chiefs, Queen Astin hath wronged, not the king only, but also 

17 all the king's chiefs and leaders ; for he hath told them the 
queen's conduct and how she hath contradicted the king. 

18 Therefore as she hath contradicted the king Artaxerxes, so 
will the rest of the ladies now, the wives of the Persian and 
Medean princes, upon hearing what she hath said to the king, 

19 presume in like manner to dishonour their husbands. If there- 
fore it seemeth good to the king, let him pass a royal decree 
and let it be written according to the laws of the Medes and 

20 Persians, and let him not alter it nor suffer the queen any 
more to approach him ; but let the king give her royalty to 
another woman, better than her. And let this edict of the 
king be proclaimed, which if he cause to be done throughout 
his kingdom, then will all the women both rich and poor, pay 

21 respect to their husbands. And the speech pleased the king 
and the princes ; and the king did as Muchaius had spoken, 
and sent the decree throughout the whole kingdom, into every 
province in the language and writing thereof, that men might 
be feared by their own families. 

II. After this when the king's wrath was appeased and he no 
more remembered Astin, nor made any mention of what she 
2 had spoken, and how he had condemned her ; the king's ser- 
vants said, Let there be sought for the king a virgin of un- 



Ch. II. ESTHER. 

3 blemished chastity, and beautiful ; and let the king appoint of- 
ficers in all the provinces of his kingdom, and let them select 
and send to the city Susoi to the house of the women, virgins 
remarkable for beauty ; and let them be delivered to the king's 
chamberlain, the keeper of the women ; and let the things ne- 

4 cessary for purification be given them. And let the woman who 
shall please the king be made queen in the room of Astin. And 
the proposal pleased the king, and he did so. 

5 Now there was at the city of Susoi, a man, a Jew, whose 
name was Mordecai. He was the son of Jairus, the son of Se- 

6 meias, the son of Kisaius, of the tribe of Benjamin. He had 
been carried away captive from Jerusalem among them whom 

7 Nabuchodonosar king of Babylon had captivated. And this 
man had a foster child, a daughter of Aminadab, his father's 
brother; and her name was Esther. On the decease of her 

8 parents he educated her to be a wife for himself. But as the 
girl was beautiful, when the decree of the king was published, 
and many young women were brought to the city Susoi and 
put under the care of Gai, Esther also was brought to Gai the 

9 keeper of the women. And the young woman pleased him and 
found favour in his sight, so that he hastened to give her the 
things for purification and the allotted portion ; and seven 
waiting maids were assigned to her out of the king's house : 
and he treated her and her maids courteously in the house of 

10 the women. Now Esther did not disclose her family, nor her 

11 country ; for Mordecai had charged her not to tell. But Mor- 
decai walked every day before the court of the womcns' house 
to see what would happen to Esther. 

12 Now the time for every young woman to go to the king 
was when she had compleated twelve months; for thus were 
the days of their purification fulfilled. Six months they were 
anointed with oil of myrrh, and six months with aromatics 

13 and lotions used by women. Then she goeth into the king. 
The keeper is to deliver her to whomsoever the king order- 
cth to go with her from the womens' apartment to the king's 

14 house. In the evening she goeth in, and in the morning goeth 
with all speed to the second house of the women, which is un- 
der the care of Gai the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the 
women, and no more cometh to die king unless called for by 



Ch. III. ESTHER. 

15 name. So when the time was fulfilled for Esther the daughter 
of Aminadab, Mordecai's uncle, to go to the king, she neglect- 
ed nothing which the chamberlain the keeper of the women 
ordered her; for Esther found favour with all who saw her. 

16 And Esther went in to Artaxerxes the king, in the twelfth 
month which is the month Adar in the seventh year of his 

17 reign. And the king was enamoured of Esther, and she found 

18 favour above all the virgins, so that he set the queen's crown 
on her head and made an entertainment for all his friends and 
potentates for seven days, and to celebrate the marriage of 
Esther he made a release to those under his government. 

19 Now Mordecai performed service in the court, and Esther 
had not yet declared her family, for Mordecai having charged 

20 her in this manner to fear God and execute his commands as 
when she was with him, Esther did not alter her conduct. 

21 And two of the king's chamberlains, who were captains of his 
life guard, being displeased because Mordecai was promoted, 

22 sought to kill king Artaxerxes. But the matter being made 
known to Mordecai, he informed Esther and she disclosed 

23 the conspiracy to the king ; whereupon the king having ex- 
amined the chamberlains, caused them to be hanged, and or- 
dered a record to be made in the royal library with an enco- 
mium on Mordecai's fidelity. 

III. After these things king Artaxerxes honoured Haman of 

2 Amadathus the Bougaian, and promoted him, and seated him 
first of all his friends, so that all the court bowed down to him 

3 for so the king had commanded to be done. But Mordecai 
did not bow down to him; whereupon they who were in the 
king's court said to him, Mordecai, Why transgressest thou 

4 the king's commands. And when they spoke to him daily and 
he hearkened not to them, they told Haman, that Mordecai 
disobeyed the king's commands. Now Mordecai had told 

5 them that he was a Jew. So when Haman understood that 

6 Mordecai did not bow down to him, he was greatly inflamed 
with wrath, and determined to destroy all the Jews throughout 

7 the whole kingdom of Artaxerxes. And having drawn up a 
decree in the twelfth year of the reign of Artaxerxes, he cast 
lots for one day after another and for one month after another 

8 so as to destroy the whole race of Mordecai in one day. And 



Ch. IV. ESTHER. 

the lot having fallen on the fourteenth day of the month Adar, 
he spoke to king Artaxerxes, saying, There is a nation scat- 
tered among the nations throughout thy whole kingdom, 
whose laws differ from all the nations. And as they disobey the 
king's laws and it is not expedient for the king to let them 
9 alone ; if it seemeth good to the king, let him pass a decree to 
destroy them and I will subscribe ten thousand talents of sil- 

10 ver to the king's treasury. Thereupon the king taking off his 
ring gave it to Haman to seal the writings against the Jews. 

11 And the king said to Haman, Keep the money, and do with 

12 the nation what thou pleasest. So the king's secretaries were 
convened on the thirteenth day of the first month, and they 
wrote as Haman directed to the generals and the governors in 
every province, from India to Ethiopia a hundred and twenty 
seven provinces, and to the chiefs of the nations according to 

13 their dialect in the name of king Artaxerxes, and the decree 
was despatched by posts throughout the whole kingdom of 
Artaxerxes, to destroy the race of the Jews on a certain day 
of the twelfth month which is Adar, and to make spoil of 

14 their goods. And copies of the decree were to be sent through 
every province and all the nations were ordered to be ready 

15 against that day. And when the business was despatched at 
Susoi, the king and Haman sat down to revel, but the city 
was struck with consternation. 

IV. Now when Mordecai knew what was done, he rent his 
clothes and put on sackcloth and strewed himself with ashes, 
and running through the street of the city, he cried with a 
loud voice, A nation is to be cut off, which hath committed no 

2 fault. But when he came to the king's gate, he stopped; for it 
was not lawful for him to enter the court in sackcloth and 

3 ashes. And in every country where the writings were pub- 
lished there was a cry with lamentation and great grief among 

4 the Jews, and they put on sackcloth and ashes. When the 
queen's maids and chamberlains came in and told her, she 
was troubled at the news, and sent to clothe Mordecai and to 
take away his sackcloth from him; but he would not be pcr- 

5 suaded. Then Esther called Achrathaius her chamberlain, 
who attended her, and sent him to learn from Mordecai an ex- 

7 act state of the matter. Whereupon Mordecai told him what 



Ch. V. ESTHER. 

was done and the promise which Haman had made to the king 
of ten thousand talents to the royal treasury, that he might de- 

8 stroy the Jews; and he gave him a copy of the decree for their 
destruction, which was published among the Susians to shew 
it to Esther, and told him that he charged her to go in and 
supplicate the king and to entreat him for the people, calling 
to mind the days of thy humiliation when thou wast brought 
up by my bounty. Seeing Haman who is second to the king, 
hath spoken against us to destroy us, call thou upon the Lord 

9 and speak to the king for us, to deliver us from death. Accord - 

10 ingly Achrathaius went in and told her all these words. There- 
upon Esther said to him, Go to Mordecai and tell him , that all the 

11 nations of the kingdom know, that no man or woman who shall 
go to the king into the inner court without being sent for, hath 
any security for life : he only can be saved to whom the king 
shall stretch forth the golden sceptre. Now I have not been 

12 called to go to the king these thirty days. When Achrathaius 
delivered this message of Esther to Mordecai, Mordecai said 

13 to him, Go say to her, Esther, do not flatter thyself that thou 

14 alone of all the Jews in the kingdom shall escape. Be assured, that 
if thou neglectest the present opportunity, help and protection 
will come to the Jews from some other quarter; but thou and 
thy father's house shall be destroyed. Who knoweth but that 

15 for this very occasion thou hast been made queen. Then 
Esther sent back the messenger to Mordecai, saying, Go and 
assemble the Jews who are at Susoi and fast for me. You must 
neither eat nor drink for three days; night nor day; and as for 
me, I and my maids will fast likewise, and then I will go to the 
king contrary to law, though perhaps I must die. 

17 So Mordecai went and did as Esther commanded him. 

V. And on the third day Esther put on her royal apparel and 
stood in the inner court of the king's palace over against the 
king's house, when the king was sitting on his royal throne, in 

2 the royal house, over against the gate. And when the king saw 
Esther standing in the court, she obtained favour in his sight, 
and the king held out to Esther the golden sceptre which was 
in his hand, and Esther drew near and touched the top of the 

3 sceptre. And the king said, What would queen Esther? And what 
is thy petition? To the half of my kingdom it shall be granted 



Ch. VI. ESTHER. 

4 thee. Thereupon Esther said, To-day is my set day, if there- 
fore it seemeth good to the king, let him come with Ham an to 

5 the banquet which I will this day prepare. And the king said, 

6 Call Haman quickly that we may do as Esther hath said. So 
they both went to the banquet which Esther had ordered. 
And at the banquet the king said to Esther, What would queen 

7 Esther? Whatever thou askest shall be granted. To which she 

8 replied, If I have found favour in the sight of the king, Let 
the king come again with Haman to-morrow to the banquet 
which I will prepare for them, and to-morrow I will make my 

9 request and ray petition. Then Haman went out from the king 
overjoyed and gladdened, but upon seeing Mordecai the Jew 

10 in the court, he was inflamed with great indignation. So go- 

11 ing home, he called his friends and his wife Zosara, and hav- 
ing displayed to them his riches and the honour which the 
king had conferred on him; how he had promoted him to the 

12 highest rank and made him ruler of the kingdom, the queen, 
said he, invited none to the banquet with the king, but only 

13 me : and to-morrow I am invited : but these things give me 

14 no pleasure, when I see Mordecai the Jew in the court.There- 
upon Zosara his wife and his friends said to him, Let a gal- 
lows fifty cubits high be made for thee, and early in the morn- 
ing speak to the king and let Mordecai be hanged thereon, then 
go to the banquet with the king and take thy fill of joy. And 
the tiling pleased Haman. So the gallows was got ready. 

VI. Now on that night the Lord removed sleep from the king, 
therefore he ordered his attendant to bring the book of daily 

2 records, and read to him ; and finding what was written con- 
cerning Mordecai, how he had informed the king of the king's 
two chamberlains, when they commanded the guard, and sought 

3 to lay hands on Artaxerxes, the king said, What honour or fa- 
vour did Ave confer on Mordecai ? To which the king's ser- 

4 vants replied, Thou hast conferred none. And while the king- 
was making inquiry concerning Mordecai's fidelity behold 
Haman was in the court. And the king said, Who is in the 
court ? Now Haman had come to speak to the king, that he 
might order Mordecai to be hanged on the gallows which he had 

5 prepared. So the king's servants said, Behold Haman is standing 

6 in the court, and the king said, Call him in. And the king said 

VOL. II. κ r 



Ch. VII. ESTHER. 

to Haman, What shall I do to the man whom I wish to honour? 
Upon this Haman said to himself, Whom doth the king wish 

7 to honour but me ? So he said to the king, With regard to the 

8 man whom the king wisheth to honour, Let the king's servants 
bring out the royal robes with which the king is arrayed, and 

9 the horse on which the king rideth, and give them to one of 
the most honourable of the king's friends, and let him array 
the man whom the king loveth, and mount him on the horse, 
and make proclamation through the street of the city saying, 
Thus shall it be done to every man whom the king honoureth. 

10 Then the king said to Haman, Thou hast spoken well, Do thou 
so to Mordecai the Jew, who is an attendant in the court. Let 

1 1 nothing be omitted of what thou hast spoken. So Haman took 
the robe and the horse, and having arrayed Mordecai he mount- 
ed him on the horse, and went through the street of the city 
and made proclamation saying, Thus shall it be done to every 

12 man whom the king wisheth to honour. Then Mordecai re- 
turned to the court, and Haman went home in grief with his 

13 head covered. And when Haman told his wife and his friends 
all that had happened to him ; his friends and his wife said, If 
Mordecai be of the race of the Jews thy humiliation before him 
is begun. Thou shalt continue falling and shalt not be able to 

14 have thy revenge of him ; for with him is the living God. And 
while they were speaking the chamberlains came to hasten 
Haman to the banquet which Esther had prepared. 

VII. And when the king came with Haman to banquet with 

2 the queen, the king said to Esther the second day at the ban- 
quet, What is it queen Esther? What is thy request, and what 
thy petition ? to the half of my kingdom it shall be granted 

3 thee. Thereupon she in reply said, If I have found favour in 
the sight of the king, let my life be granted at my request, and 
my people at my petition ; for I and my people are sold to be 

4 destroyed. Had it been to be plundered and reduced to sla- 
very — that we and our children should be bondmen and bond- 
women, I would have dissembled hearing it, for the accuser 

5 is not worthy of the king's court. And the king said, Who is 
he who hath dared to do such a thing ? To which Esther re- 

6 plied, The adversary is Haman, this bad man. At this Haman 
was struck with consternation for fear of the king and the queen. 



Ch. VIII. ESTHER. 

7 Then the king rising from the banquet went into the garden, 
and Haman supplicated the queen, for he saw himself in a des- 

8 perate situation. And on the* king's returning out of the gar- 
den as Haman had prostrated himself on the sopha to suppli- 
cate the queen, the king said, What ! would he offer violence 
to my wife in my house ? Upon hearing this Haman was con- 

9 founded. Then Bugathan one of the chamberlains said to the 
king, Behold Haman hath prepared a gallows for Mordecai who 
spoke for the king. There is at Hainan's house a gallows ac- 
tually erected fifty cubits high. Thereupon the king said, Let 

10 him be hanged thereon. So Haman was hanged on the gallows 
which he had prepared for Mordecai, and the king's anger was 

VIII. appeased. And on that same day the king made a pre- 
sent to Esther of all that belonged to Haman the accuser. And 
the king sent for Mordecai ; (for Esther told him that he was 

2 her kinsman ; ) and the king took the ring which he had taken 
back from Haman and gave it to Mordecai, and Esther set him 

3 over all that belonged to Haman. Then she spoke to the king- 
again and fell at his feet and besought him to avert the mis- 
chief of Haman, and what he had devised against the Jews, 

4 And when the king stretched forth the golden sceptre to Esther, 

5 she arose and stood near the king and said, If it seemeth good 
to thee, and I have found favour, let despatches be sent to re- 
verse the letters sent by Haman, which were written to destroy 

6 the Jews who are in thy kingdom. For how can I see the cala- 
mity of my people ? or how can I survive the destruction of 

7 my kindred? Thereupon the king said to Esther, If I have 
given thee all the substance of Haman ; and to gratify thee have 
caused him to be hanged on a gallows, because he laid his 

8 hands on the Jews, what more dost thou desire ? Write ye 
yourselves what you please in my name, and seal it with my 
ring. For what is written by the king's order, and sealed with 
my ring cannot be reversed. 

9 So the secretaries were convened in the first month which 
is Nisan, on the three and twentieth day thereof in the same 
year, and a letter was written to the Jews reciting all that had 
been given in charge to the lieutenants and to the chief go- 
vernors of the provinces from India to Ethiopia, a hundred and 
twenty seven provinces, to every province as they could read 



Ch. IX. ESTHER. 

10 it, then it was written by the king's command and sealed with 
his ring, (and these letters were sent by posts) that he ordered 

11 them to use their own laws in every city, and to assist each 

12 other, and to use their adversaries, and them who assaulted 
them as they pleased, on a certain day, the thirteenth of 
the twelfth month Adar, throughout the whole kingdom of 

13 Artaxerxes — that these subsequent writings were to coun- 
terbalance the former letter; and that these counterbalanc- 
ing writings should be exposed to publick view through- 
out the whole kingdom, that the Jews might be ready against 

14 that day to combat their adversaries. So the horsemen set out 

15 in all haste to execute the king's orders. And when the decree 
was published at Susoi, Mordecai went forth, arrayed in a 
royal robe, wearing a crown of gold and a turban of purple 

16 cotton. And upon seeing him the inhabitants of Susoi rejoiced. 

17 And among the Jews, there was light and joy in every city and 
province where the decree was published. Wherever procla- 
mation was made, there was joy and gladness among the Jews, 
feasting and mirth ; so that many of the nations were circum- 

IX. cised and became Jews, for fear of the Jews. For in the 
twelfth month, on the thirteenth of the month Adar, the letters 
of the king having arrived, they who assaulted the Jews on 

3 that day were destroyed. For none withstood them and the ter- 
ror of them continued ; for the great lords and petty princes, 
and the king's secretaries, honoured the Jews ; for the dread of 

4 Mordecai fell upon them; for the decree of the king had caus- 
ed his name to be known throughout the whole kingdom. 

6 Now in the city Susoi, the Jews slew five hundred men, 
including Pharsanes and Delphon, and Phasga and Pharadatha, 
and Barea and Sarbaka, and Marmasima and Ruphaias, and 
Arsaius and Zabuthaias, the ten sons of Haman of Amadathu 

11 the Bugaian, the enemy of the Jews, and rifled them. On that 
very day, when a return was made to the king of the number 

12 slain at Susoi, the king said to Esther, The Jews have slain in 
the city Susoi five hundred men, how then, thinkest thou, 
have they behaved in the rest of the kingdom ! What there- 
fore dost thou request farther, and it shall be granted thee ? 

13 Thereupon Esther said to the king, Let the Jews be allowed 
to use to-morrow in like manner, that they may hang up the 

14 ten sons of Haman. Accordingly he granted them leave to do 



Ch. IX. ESTHER. 

so, and ordered the bodies of the ten sons of Haman, to be 

15 thrown out to the Jews to be hanged up. So the Jews at Susoi 
assembled on the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and slew 
three hundred men, but took no spoil. 

16 Now the rest of the Jews who were in the kingdom, assem- 
bled and assisted each other, and had rest from their enemies, 
for they slew fifteen thousand of them on the thirteenth of the 

17 month Adar, but took no spoil. And having rested on the 
fourteenth of the month, they kept it as a day of rest with joy 

18 and gladness. But the Jews of Susoi having assembled on the 
fourteenth and then rested, kept the fifteenth with joy and glad- 

19 ness. Therefore because the Jews, who were scattered through 
all the distant provinces, keep the fourteenth of the month 
Adar, as a holy day, with joy, sending portions to one another, 
Mordecai wrote an account of these matters in a book, and 
sent it to all the Jews who were in the kingdom of Artaxerxes 

21 far and near, to set apart as holy days and to keep both the 
fourteenth and the fifteenth of the month Adar, for in those 

22 days the Jews had rest from their enemies : And with regard 
to the month Adar, in which they had a change from grief to 
joy and from sorrow to gladness, to keep the whole month as 
good days of weddings and joy, sending portions to their 

23 friends and to the poor. And the Jews took this upon them. 

24 As Mordecai wrote to them how Haman of Amadathu, the 

25 Macedonian, warred against them — as he made calculations 
and cast lots to destroy them, and as he went to the king with an 
intention to hang Mordecai, but all the evils he endeavoured to 
bring on the Jews, fell upon himself, and he and his sons were 

26 hanged; therefore these days were called Phrouri, because of 
the lots, which in their language are called Phrouri. On the 
account of the things contained in that letter and of all that 
they suffered in consequence thereof, and all that happened to 

27 them, as he instituted, so the Jews took upon themselves and 
their posterity, and upon all that joined them, never to use 
them in any other manner. Therefore let these days be a last- 
ing memorial from generation to generation, in every city, 

28 country and province ; and let these days of Phrouri be kept 
forever; and let the memorial of them never perish from among 
their generations. 



Ch. X. ESTHER. 

29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Aminadab, and 
Mordecai the Jew, wrote all that they did, and a confirmation 

50 of the letter respecting the Phrouri, which Mordecai and 
Esther the queen enjoined on themselves, to their own pre- 
judice, having at that time established their counsel against 

31 their health. Thus did Esther actually establish it, and it was 
written to be kept in remembrance. 

X. Then the king laid a tribute upon the dominion both of the 

2 land and the sea. But with regard to his power and his valour 
and the riches and the glory of his kingdom, behold they are 
written in the book of the kings of the Persians and the Medes 

3 to be kept in remembrance. Now Mordecai was viceroy of 
king Artaxerxes, and was great in the kingdom, and being ho- 
noured by the Jews and beloved, he enforced the observance 
of their religion on all his nation. 

JOB. 

I. There was man in the country of Ausitis whose name was 
Job. He was a man of truth and integrity, just, pious, and 

2 who abstained from every thing that was evil. He had seven 
sons and three daughters ; and his cattle were seven thousand 
sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen, five 

3 hundred breeding asses. His attendants were numerous, and 
his works great in the country. He was also a man of illustri- 
ous birth, among the people of the east. 

4 Now his sons had a custom of meeting at each others 
houses, and making an entertainment, each on his day, taking 
along with them their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 

5 And soon as the days of the entertainment were over, Job sent 
for, and purified them early the next morning, and offered 
sacrifices for them according to their numbers ; a young bull 
for a sin offering for each of them ; for Job said, Perhaps my 
children have in their mind conceived evil before God. In 
this manner therefore Job acted after every of those days. 

6 And it came to pass that on the same day, when lo ! the 
angels of God came to present themselves before the Lord, 
Satan also came with them ; and the Lord said to Satan, 

7 Whence comest thou ? And Satan in reply said to the Lord, 



Ch. L JOB. 

Having gone round the earth, and roved the whole of it under 

8 heaven, I am come here. And the Lord said to him, Hast thou 
harboured in thy mind any thing against my servant Job ? For 
there is not like him on the earth, a man unblameable, true, 

9 pious, abstaining from every thing evil. And Satan in reply 
said before the Lord, Doth Job worship the Lord for no- 

10 thing ? Hast thou not made a hedge about all that he hath, 
abroad and at home, and about all that belong to him round 
about, and blessed the works of his hands, and multiplied his 

11 cattle on the earth ? But put forth thine hand and touch all 

12 that he hath, he will indeed openly renounce thee. Then the 
Lord said to Satan, Behold all that he hath I deliver into thine 
hand ; but himself thou must not touch. 

13 So Satan went out from the Lord, and after that, on the 
same day, when the sons and daughters of Job were drink - 

14 ing wine at their elder brother's house, lo ! a messenger came 
to Job, and said to him, The oxen were ploughing and the 

15 asses feeding near them, and the plunderers came and car- 
ried them off. Thy servants also they slew with the sword, 

16 and I alone having escaped, am come to tell thee. While 
he was yet speaking, another messenger came, and said to 
Job ; Fire hath fallen from heaven and burned up the sheep, 
and devoured the shepherds likewise ; and I, alone having 

17 escaped, am come to tell thee. While this one was still speak- 
ing, another messenger came and said to Job, The horse- 
men, having formed three bands against us, surrounded the 
camels and have carried them off, and slain thy servants 
with the sword ; and I, alone having escaped, am come to 

18 tell thee. While he was still speaking, another messenger 
came, and said to Job, While thy daughters were eating and 

19 drinking at their eldest brother's, a great blast of wind came up 
suddenly from the wilderness, and took the four comers of the 
house, so that the house fell upon thy children, and they are 
dead, and I, alone having escaped, am come to tell thee. 

20 Upon this Job rising up rent his clothes, and shaved his 

21 head, and falling on the ground he worshipped and said, Na- 
ked I came from my mother's womb, and naked I shall de- 
part hence. The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away. As 

22 it pleased the Lord so hath it come to pass. Blessed be the 



Ch. II. JOB. 

name of the Lord. In all these things which befel him, Job trans- 
gressed not against the Lord, nor imputed indiscretion to 
his God. 
II. Again on the day when the angels of God came to present 
themselves before the Lord, Satan also came among them to 

2 present himself before the Lord. And the Lord said to Satan, 
Whence comest thou ? And Satan said before the Lord, Hav- 
ing traversed that under heaven, and roved through the whole 

3 of it, I am come here. And the Lord said to Satan, Thou hast 
therefore attended to my servant Job ; that there is not of those 
on the earth a man like him, guiltless, true, unblameable, ab- 
staining from all evil. Still he retaineth his innocence ; so that 
thou hast ordered the destruction of his property, without 

4 accomplishing thy purpose. In reply to which Satan said to 
the Lord, Skin for skin. All that a man hath he will give for 

5 his life. Only put forth thy hand, and touch his bones and his 

6 flesh, he will indeed openly renounce thee. Then the Lord 
said to Satan, Behold I deliver him up to thee, only preserve 

7 his life. Thereupon Satan withdrew from the presence of the 
Lord, and smote Job with foul ulcers from head to foot, so 

8 that he took a shell to scrape away the ichor, and sat down in 
an unclean place without the city. 

9 And much time having elapsed, his wife said to him, How 
long wilt thou persist saying, Behold I will wait yet a little 
longer, in hope and expectation of my deliverance ? For be- 
hold the memorial of thee — those sons and daughters, whom 
I brought forth with pangs and sorrow, and for whom I toiled 
in vain, are vanished from the earth ; and thou thyself sit- 
test among the putrefaction of worms, all night long in the 
open air, while I am wandering about, or working for wages, 
from place to place and from house to house, wishing for the 
setting of the sun, that I may rest from the labours and sor- 
rows I endure. Do but say something for the Lord and die. 

10 Whereupon he looking stedfastly at her said, Like one of the 
women without understanding hast thou spoken ? If we have 
received good things at the hand of the Lord, shall Ave not 
bear up under afflictions ? In all these things which befci 
him, Job transgressed not with his lips against God. 

11 Now when his three friends heard of all the calamities 
which were come upon him, they came to him each from his 



Ch. III. JOB. 

own country, namely, Eliphaz the king of the Thaimanites, 
Baldad the sovereign of the Saucheans, and Sophar the king 
of the Minaians. Having made an appointment they came to 

12 him to comfort and take care of him, but seeing him at a dis- 
tance they did not know him. Then raising their voices 
they wept aloud, and having rent each his robe and sprinkled 
themselves with dust, they sat down by him seven days and 

13 seven nights. And none of them spoke. For they saw that the 
stroke was grievous and very great. After this Job opened his 
mouth and cursed his day, saying, 

III. Perish the day in which I was born — and the night in 

4 which they said, It is a male ! Let that night be darkness : let 
not the Lord from above regard it, nor splendour come upon 

5 it : but let darkness and the shadow of death cover it : upon it 

6 let there come a thick darkness. May the day be execrated I 
And as for that night, may a pitchy darkness sweep it away ! 
May that never come into the days of the year; nor be num- 

7 bered among the days of months. But as for that night, may it 
be sorrow, and may there never come upon it gladness or mirth! 

8 But let him curse it who curseth the day — him who is to at- 

9 tack the great sea monster. May the stars of that night be ob- 
scured in darkness : may it long for light but never reach it; 

10 nor see the rising of the morning star : because it shut not up 
the door of my mother's womb : for that would have removed 

11 sorrow from mine eyes : for why did I not end my days in the 
womb? Or when I came forth from the belly why did I not in- 

12 stantly perish? Why was I dandled upon the knees? And why 

13 have I sucked the breasts? I might now have lain still and been 

14 quiet; I might have gone to sleep and been at rest; with des- 
pots of the earth who gloried in their swords : or with chiefs 

15 who abounded in gold — who filled their houses with silver; 

16 or like an untimely birth sent forth from its mother's womb : 

17 or like infants which never saw the light. There the wicked 
have ceased to be a terror : there the weary have got rest for 

18 their body : and they of old who are assembled there together; 

19 have never heard the exactor's voice. Small and great are there 

20 on a level — the servant, with his dreaded lord. For why is 
light given to them in misery; or life to souls distressed with. 

21 sorrow, who long for death but find it not; though they digfdr 

VOL. II. s s 



Ch. IV. JOB. 

22 it as for treasures; and would rejoiee exceedingly if they should 

23 chance to find it. For God hath shut up death from a man; to 

24 whom it would have been a repose. For my groaning cometh 
before my meat; aad I pour forth tears, begirt with sorrow. 

25 For the terror, which I dreaded, is come upon me; and that, 

26 of which I was afraid, hath befallen me. Did I not cultivate 
peace? was I not quiet"? was I not at rest? Yet wrath is come 
upon me — 

IV. Here Eliphaz the Thaimanite interrupting him, said, 

2 Should frequent replies be made to thee in distress? But 

3 who can bear the vehemence of thy words? For if thou hast 
instructed many; and strengthened hands which were weak; 

4 and raised up with words them who were fainting; and given 

5 courage to knees which were strengthless : but now, when 
trouble hath come upon thee and touched thee, thou art impa- 

6 tient : is not either thy fear grounded on folly — or thy hope? 

7 And this calamity the eifect of thy conduct? Recollect there- 
fore. Whoever perished, being innocent? Or when were the 

8 righteous utterly destroyed? As I have seen men ploughing 
improper grounds : they who sow such places shall reap sor- 

9 rows. By the decree of the Lord they shall perish; and by the 

10 blast of his ire be utterly consumed. The strength of a lion 
and the roaring of a lioness and the boastful pride of dragons 

1 1 have been extinguished. The myrmekoleon hath perished for 

12 want of food: and young lions have forsaken each other. But 
had there been any truth in thy words; none of these evils 
would have happened to thee. 

13 Should not my ear receive unusual things coming from 
him? At a dreadful sound by night, when terror appalleth 

14 men, I was seized with a horror and trembling, which gave a 

15 violent shog to my bones. A wind indeed blew full in my 

16 face, and my hair stood erect and my flesh quivered. I started 
up, but could perceive nothing: I looked, but there was no 
form before my eyes. I only heard a sound and a voice, say- 

17 ing : " What! can a mortal be pure before the Lord, or a man 

18 by his works be blameless? If in his servants he placeth not 

19 confidence, and in his angels perceiveth some blemish: how 
should he treat them who dwell in houses of clay, (of which 

20 clay we indeed are) but as worms? but from morning till noon 
and they are no more. Because they could not help themselves 



Ch. V. JOB. 

2 1 they were destroyed. For he blowed on them and they wither- 

V. ed: they perished because they had not wisdom. Appeal 

now. will any one answer. Or shalt thou see any of the holy 

2 angels ? Passion indeed transporteth the foolish, and envy 

3 killeth the wanderer. Now I have seen the foolish taking root, 

4 but their sustenance was quickly consumed. Let their child- 
ren be but far from safety, and insulted at the gates of minors, 

5 there will then be none to deliver them. For what they have 
collected the righteous shall eat. Nor will they themselves be 

6 exempt from wrongs, should their power be exhausted. For 
trouble cannot come forth out of the earth; nor will affliction 
spring up from mountains. 

7 (a) But man is born for trouble, as the young of the vul- 

8 turesoar aloft, (b) No, indeed; but notwithstanding this, let me 
supplicate the Lord. And call upon the Lord, the master of all, 

9 who doth great and unsearchable things — things glorious and 

10 wonderful, not to be numbered. Who giveth rain on the earth 

11 and sendeth water on all under heaven. Who setteth on high 
them who are low, and raiseth up them who have been ruined. 

12 Who change th the counsels of the crafty, so that their hands 

13 can perform no enterprise. Who entangleth the wise in their 

14 wisdom, and defeateth the counsel of the artful. In the day 
time, darkness shall meet them, that they may grope at noon 

15 day as at night, and that they may perish in battle, and the 

16 weak escape from the hand of the mighty. And that the fee- 
ble may have hope, and the mouth of the wicked be stopped. 

17 But happy the man whom the Lord correcteth. Therefore 
despise not thou the correction of the Almighty. For he causeth 

18 pain and again removeth it: and him whom he smote, his 

19 hands have healed. From six distresses he will deliver thee, 

20 and in the seventh evil shall not touch thee. In famine he will 
deliver thee from death, and in battle save thee from the edge 

21 of the sword. He will hide thee from the scourge of the 
tongue : and thou need'st not be afraid of impending ills. At 

22 the wicked and unrighteous thou shalt laugh : and of savage 

23 beasts need'st not be afraid; for the beasts of the field shall be 

24 at peace with thee. Thou shalt know that thy family is at peace, 

(a) An objection, (b) The answer. 



Ch. VI. JOB. 

25 and that the provision for thy household shall not fail. Thou 
shalt know also that thy seed shall be great : thy children shall 

26 be like the grass of the field. And thou shalt come to the grave 
like ripe grain cut in due season; or like a heap from a thresh- 
ing floor, carried home in time. 

27 Behold these are the things which, by investigation, we 
have found to be so. These are things which we have heard : 
apply them to thyself, if thou hast done any thing. 

VI. To this, Job in reply said, Ο that some person would 

2 weigh my passion : and poise in a balance against it, my cala- 

3 mities. But these would outweigh the sand of the sea, though 

4 you seem to think my words too vehement : for the arrows of 
the Lord are in my body, the fury of which drinketh up my 
blood : when I attempt to speak they pierce me. 

5 What ! will a wild ass bray without cause ? Will it do so, 
except when in search of food? Or will an ox low having fod- 

6 der in his stall? Can bread be eaten without salt, or is there any 

7 relish in vain words ? For my temper cannot be calm, while 

8 my meat is horrible as the smell of a lion. Ο that he would 
grant! — that my request might be complied with! — that the 

9 Lord would grant me what I long for! Let the Lord, having 

10 begun, wound me, but not utterly destroy me. Let but the 
grave be my city, having got on its walls I will not be slack to 
enter, for I have not disputed the holy commands of my God. 

1 1 For what is my strength that I should bear up ! what my time 

12 that my life is prolonged? Is my strength the strength of 

13 stones, oris this flesh of mine made of brass? Or have I not 

14 confided in him ? But help is far from me. — Mercy hath bid- 
den me adieu. When the superintending care of the Lord over- 

15 looked me, my nearest friends did not regard me : like a failing 

16 brook, or like a wave of the sea, they passed me by. They who 
had assiduously paid me court, now made me a slight visit, like 

17 snow or hoar frost, which melting at the approach of heat, the 

18 place where it was is not known. Thus was I forsaken by all, 
and being undone, I became an outcast. 

19 Take a view of the ways of the Thaimanites, ye who mark 
out the Sabean tracks! and they who trust in cities and wealth 

20 must blush. But now when you have come to me, it is without 
22 compassion — just to see my wound and be terrified. But 



Ch. VII. JOB. 

why? Have I asked any thing of you, or do I crave any help 

23 from you? — to save me from mine enemies — or deliver me 
out of the hand of the mighty? 

24 Teach me and I will hold my tongue. If I have erred, tell 

25 me plainly. But my words, it seems, are devoid of truth, be- 
cause I do not beg assistance from you. 

26 Your reproof can neither stop my speaking, nor can I bear 

27 the tone of your oration : because, you not only fall upon the 

28 orphan, but also insult your friend. But now having looked 

29 you in the face I will not lie. Sit down I pray you, and let 
there be no more reproaches. Indeed you again meet a righte- 

30 ous man. For there are no reproaches on my tongue, and as for 
my palate, doth it not relish wisdom? 

VII. Is not the life of man on the earth a state of trial, and his 

2 days like the days of a hireling ? Is he not like a servant, who 
in a shade is afraid of his lord? Or like a hireling waiting for 

3 his hire? Just so have I waited months in vain, and wearisome 

4 nights have been doled out to me. When I lay me down to rest, 
I say, When will it be day? And soon as I rise; I again say, 
When will it be evening? I am full of pains from evening till 

5 morning; and my body swarms with the putrefaction of worms: 
and I moisten the clods of earth with the ichor of ulcers. 

6 Though my life is swifter than a word; yet it is destroyed with 

7 vain hope. Remember therefore that my life is but a breath; 

8 and that mine eyes shall never return again to see good. The 
eye of him who seeth me now shall not see me again. Thine 

9 eyes are upon me and I am gone. I am like a cloud swept clean 
away from the sky. For when a man goeth down to the man- 

10 sion of the dead; he can never reascend a^ain — he can never 
return again to his own house; nor shall his place know him 

11 any more. For this cause then I will not refrain my mouth : 
I will speak though I am in anguish: though distressed, I will 

12 unfold the bitterness of my soul. Am I a sea or a dragon, that 

13 thou hast set a guard over me? Did I say my bed will comfort 

14 me — I will converse with myself privately on my bed? Thou 

15 terrifiestme with dreams and aftVightcst me with visions. Wilt 
thou drive away my life from my spirit; and yet keep my 

16 bones from death? For lam not to live forever, that I should 

17 bear patiently. Withdraw from me; for my life is vanity. For 



Ch. VIII. JOB. 

what is man, that thou hast magnified him; or that thou payest 

18 attention to him? Wilt thou keep a watch upon him till the 

19 morning. And judge him to the time of going to rest? How 
long wilt thou not let me alone : nor let me go, that I may 

20 swallow my spittle? If I have sinned what can I do? Ο thou 
who knowest the hearts of men; why hast thou set me up as 

21 thy mark to shoot at? Am I indeed a burden to thee? Why 
hast thou not made an oblivion of my transgression; or a puri- 

22 fication for my sin? Now therefore let me depart into the 
earth : and when thou risest in the morning, I am no more. 

VIII. Here Baldad the Sauchean interposing said, How long 

2 wilt thou speak such things? The breath of thy mouth is pro- 

3 fuse of words. Will the Lord in judging pass an unrighteous 

4 judgment ? Or will he who made all things pervert justice ? If 
thy children have sinned in his sight, he hath dismissed them 

5 for their transgression : But rise thou betimes and supplicate 

6 the Lord Almighty. If thou art pure and upright, he will hear 
thy prayer ; and render to thee the reward of righteousness. 

7 Let thy beginning therefore be ever so small, thy end will be 

8 unspeakably great. For inquire of the former generation ; and 

9 search diligently among the race of fathers; (for we are but of 
yesterday and know nothing — for our life on the earth is but 

10 a shadow) will not they teach thee, and declare; and from the 

1 1 heart utter these maxims — "Can the papyrus grow without wa- 

12 ter ? Or can grass grow rank without drink ? While grass is 
low it should not be mown. Before drinking doth not every 

13 herb wither?" Such therefore shall be the end of all who forget 

14 the Lord : for the hope of the ungodly shall perish. For his 
house shall be uninhabited : and his tent shall flie away like a 

15 spider's web. Though he prop up his house, it cannot stand : 

16 Though he take hold of it, it will not abide, for is he somewhat 
green underneath the sun ? Though a tender branch may start 

17 up from his rottenness ; his bed is on a heap of stones : and 

18 can he live among flint stones? Should he wish to drink, the 
place will disappoint him. 

19 Hast thou not seen such things — that such is the catastro- 
phe of the wicked ? But out of the ground he will cause ano- 

20 ther to spring up : for the Lord will not cast off the innocent, 

21 nor from the ungodly accept a gift : but he will fill the mouth 



Ch. IX. JOB. 

of the upright with laughter, and their lips with songs of thanks- 
22 giving : and their enemies shall be clothed with shame : and 

the dwelling of the wicked shall come to naught. 
IX. To this Job replied, Of a truth I know that it is so. For 

3 how can a mortal be righteous with the Lord ? For were it his 
pleasure to come to trial with him; he could not join issue to an- 

4 swer one charge of his in a thousand. For he is wise in heart 
and strong and great. Who is hardy enough to stand up against 

5 him who maketh mountains old insensibly — who overturneth 

6 them in his anger — who shaketh the earth to its foundations, 

7 so that the pillars thereof totter — who commandeth the sun and 

8 it riseth not ; and who sealeth up against the stars — who alone 
hath outspread the heaven; and who walketh on the sea as on 

9 a pavement — who is the maker of the Pleiads and Hesperus, 

10 and of Arcturus and the chambers of Notus — who doth things 
great and unsearchable ; things glorious and wonderful not to 

11 be numbered? When he passed over me I did not see him. 

12 When he passed by me, I did not know how. If he dismiss 
who shall bring back ? Or who shall say to him, What hast 

13 thou done ? For he himself slighted anger — by him the mon- 

14 sters under heaven were bowed down. But if he will come to 

15 a trial with me, or will take cognisance of my affairs; (for if I 
be righteous will he not hearken to me — shall I not supplicate 

16 his decision ? And if I call and he will not answer, I do not 

17 believe that he hath hearkened to my voice ?) Let him not break 
me with a tempest. 

18 Buthe hath multiplied my wounds without cause. For he 
suffereth me not to take breath, and hath filled me with bitter- 

19 ness. For because he is strong, he prevaileth. Who then can 

20 withstand his decrees ? For if I am righteous shall my mouth 
be wicked ? And if I am blameless, shall I go away crouching? 

21 For if I have acted wickedly, I am not conscious to myself: 
Nevertheless my life is taken away. 

22 Say then, wrath destroyeth the great and powerful : that the 

23 wicked fall by an untimely death. But the righteous are laugh- 

24 ed to scorn: for they have been delivered into the hands of the 
wicked. He covereth the faces of the judges of that wrath. If 
it is not he, who is it ? 

25 Now my days are swifter than a courier. They are gone 



Ch. X. JOB. 

26 without being perceived. Is there any track left by ships in 

"27 their passage ? Or of an eagle flying in pursuit of its prey ? No\v 

if I say, Let me forget speaking, let me bow down my face and 

28 groan : I shudder in all my limbs ; for I know that thou wilt 

29 not let me alone though innocent. Now since I am wicked, 
SO why have I not died ? For though I have washed myself with 

3 1 snow, and purified myself with clean hands : thou hast so tho- 

32 roughly plunged me in filth that my very robes abhor me. For 
thou art not a man as I am, with whom I can contend ; that we 

33 may come together to a trial. Ο that there were a mediator 

34 betwixt us — one to determine between and hear us both. Let 
him remove his rod from me ; and let not the dread of him ter- 

35 rify me — Let me not be terrified, but speak, (for in that case 
X. I am not master of myself) weary of my life I would pour 

forth with groans my words before him : oppressed as I am I 

2 would speak in the bitterness of my soul, and say to the Lord, 
Teach me not to be impious. Now, for what cause hast thou 

3 thus condemned me? Is it agreeable to thee that I should com- 
mit iniquity; seeing thou hast rejected the works of thy hands; 

4 and favoured the counsel of the wicked? As a mortal looketh 
dost thou look down ? Or as a man looketh wilt thou behold ? 

5 Are thy days as the days of a mortal ; or thy years, the years 

6 of a man; that thou hast sought out mine iniquity, and diligently 

7 traced my sins? For thou knowest that I am not impious: but 

8 who can deliver out of thy hands ? Thy hands have fashioned 
me and made me. After that thou hast changed thy mind and 

9 smitten me. Remember that thou hast made me of clay, and 
10 art turning me again into mould. Hast thou not churned me 
1 Ϊ as milk, and curdled me as cheese ; and clothed me with skin 

12 and flesh ; and fenced me with bones and sinews, and granted 
me life and favour, and by thy visitation preserved my spirit ? 

13 As thou hast these things in thyself; I know that thou canst 
do all things, and that with thee nothing is impossible. 

14 If I indeed have sinned inadvertently, thou hast me in 

15 custody, and hast not acquitted me of transgression. If I in- 
deed am impious, wo is me. And if I be righteous, I cannot 

16 hold up my head, for I am full of ignominy. For I am hunted 
as a lion for slaughter. For turning again furiously thou de- 

17 stroyest me. Renewing the examination against me, thou hast 



Ch. XL JOB. 

exercised against me great wrath ; and hast brought against 

18 me tortures. Why then didst thou bring me forth from the 
womb ? And why did I not die without an eye seeing me ; 

19 and become as if I never had existed ? Why was I not carried 

20 from the womb to the grave ? Is not the term of my life of 

21 short duration? permit me to enjoy a little repose : before I 
go, whence I shall not return ; to a land dark and gloomy — to 

22 a land of everlasting darkness ; where diere is no light — no 
seeing the life of mortals. 

XI. Here Sophar the Minaian answering said, He who speak - 
eth much should be answered : else the fine speaker thinketh 
himself just; and the short lived offspring of woman is blessed. 

3 Be not profuse of words, because there is none to answer thee : 

4 nor say I am pure in works and irreprehensible before him. 

5 But how would the Lord speak to thee ; were he to open his 

6 lips against thee ? Indeed were he to unfold to thee the power 
of wisdom ; because it must needs be double to what are with 
thee : then thou wouldst know that what have come upon 
thee from the Lord are answerable to the sins which thou 
hast committed. 

7 Canst thou trace the footsteps of the Lord ? Or hast thou 

8 reached the extent of what the Almighty hath done ? The 
heaven is high, what then canst thou do? And there are things 
deeper than the mansion of the dead ; what dost thou know ? 

9 Of greater extent than the measure of the earth or the breadth 

10 of the sea. Now were he to overturn all these, who could say 

1 1 to him what hast thou done ? For he knoweth the works of 
the wicked, and on seeing wickedness will not overlook it. 

12 But man vainly floateth about in words — but a mortal born 

13 of woman is like a wild ass. For if thou hast made thy heart 

14 pure, and lift thy hands to him : if there be any iniquity in thy 
hand, put it far from thee ; and let not injustice lodge in thy 

15 dwelling. For thus will thy countenance brighten like pure 
water : thou wilt disrobe thyself of filth, and no more be ter- 

16 rifled : thou shalt forget thy trouble like a wave that is past 
and not be afraid : and thy wish will spring up like the morn- 

17 ing star ; and life will arise for thee from noon day : and thou 

18 shalt be in a state of security because thou hast hope. And 

19 out of sorrow and care, peace will shine upon thee. For thou 

vol. u. τ t 



Ch. XII. JOB. 

shalt rest at ease, and none shall be at war with thee : and 
20 many, changing their conduct, will intreat thy favour. But safe- 
ty shall forsake them : for their hope shall be their destruction ; 
and the eyes of the wicked shall melt away. 
XII. To this Job replied, You, forsooth, are men, and wis- 

3 dom will die with you. But I indeed have understanding as 

4 well as you. For a just man and one irreprehensible hath been 

5 made a mocking stock. For it hath been ordered that for a 
time he shall fall beneath others : and that his houses shall be 
wasted by transgressors. Nevertheless let no wicked man in- 

6 dulge a confidence that he shall escape condemnation. Who- 
. ever provoke the Lord to anger shall not they also undergo a 

trial? 

7 But ask, I pray thee, the beasts of the field, if they could 
speak to thee — and the birds of the air, if they could tell thee — 

8 speak to the earth, if it could converse with thee — even the 

9 fishes of the sea can tell thee. Who then among all these doth 
not know that the hand of the Lord hath done these things? 

10 Is not the life of all living beings in his hand — and the breath 
of every man? 

11 The ear indeed discerneth words and the palate tasteth 

12 meats. By length of time wisdom is acquired, and by long life, 

13 experience. With him is wisdom and power — with him coun- 

14 sel and understanding. If he demolish who can rebuild? If he 

15 shut against men, who can open? If he withhold water he 
drieth the earth. And when he let it loose, he overthrew and 

16 destroyed it. With him is strength and power — with him 

17 knowledge and understanding. He hath led counsellors away 

18 captive. And confounded the judges of the earth. It is he who 
settleth kings on thrones and girded their loins with a girdle — 

19 who sendeth priests into captivity and overthrew the sove- 

20 reigns of the earth — who changeth the lips of liege men and 

21 knoweth the wisdom of elders — who poureth contempt on 

22 princes and hath healed them who were low — who revealeth 
deep things from darkness; and hath brought to light the shades 

23 of death — who leadeth nations into error and destroyeththem — 

24 who prostrateth nations and conducteth them — who changeth 
the hearts of the rulers of a land and hath caused them to wan- 

25 der in a way which they knew not : That they might grope in 



Ch. XIII. JOB. 

darkness without light; and that they might stagger like a 
drunken man. 
XIII. Behold these things mine eye hath seen and mine ear 

2 heard : for I know all that you know and am not inferior to 

3 you in knowledge. Nevertheless I would speak to the Lord; 

4 and argue before him, were it his pleasure. Now you are all 

5 bad physicians and curers of maladies. Could you hold your 
peace, it would be your wisdom. 

6 Hear now the argument of my mouth and the pleading of 

7 my lips. Are you not speaking in the presence of the Lord? And 

8 do you in his presence utter deceit in a solemn manner? Or 

9 will you keep back any thing? Judge for yourselves. For will 
it be well for you, if he mark your steps? For though feigning 

10 all these things you apply them for him : he will, notwithstand- 
ing this, reprove you. And if you secretly respect persons; will 

11 not his awful majesty confound you; and the terror of him fall 

12 upon you? And your boasting be dissipated like ashes ; and 
your bodies be reduced to clay. 

13 Keep silence that I may speak, and have some respite 

14 from wrath. Taking my flesh in my teeth I will put my life in 

15 my hand. Though the Almighty, as he hath begun, may sub- 

16 due me : yet I will speak and plead before him. And this will 
contribute to my deliverance : for no deceit shall come before 
him. 

17 Hear, hear my words : for I will proclaim them in your 

18 hearing. Behold I am near my trial. I know that I shall ap- 

19 pear just. For who is there who will emplead me? For now I 
will be silent and expire. 

20 Now two things thou art to grant me : then I will not hide 

21 myself from thy presence — withdraw thy hand from me : and 

22 let not the dread of thee overwhelm me with terror. Then call 
and I will answer thee : or speak and I will make thee a reply. 

23 How many are my sins and mine iniquities? Teach me what 

24 they are. Why dost thou hide thyself from me and hast ac- 

25 counted me thine adversary? Canst thou be afraid of one who 
is like a leaf moved with a breath of wind? Or as against dried 
grass carried away with a blast, dost thou set thyself against 

26 me? For thou hast written evil things against me; and laid to 

27 my charge the inadvertencies of youth; and put my feet in a 



Ch. XIV. JOB. 

clog and watched all my doings; and hast tracked the soles of 
my feet. 
XIV. He who is born of a woman waxeth old like a leathern 

1 bag : or like a garment which is moth eaten ; for he is mor- 

2 tal, short lived and full of disquiet : or like a flower which fell 
when in bloom. He glideth away indeed like a shadow and 

3 can make no stay. And is it not such a one thou hast called 
to account ; and caused such a one to come to trial before 

4 thee ? For who can be free from stain ? Surely none. Whe- 

5 ther the course of his life on earth be one day ; or months be 
numbered out for him, he cometh to the term thou hast set, 

6 but cannot pass it. Turn away from him, that he may take 

7 rest, and comfort his life like a hireling. For there is hope for 
a tree ; for if lopped, it may sprout again, and the tender branch 

8 may not fail. And if its root become old in the earth, or die 

9 on a rock : its stem by the scent of water may blossom ; and 

10 produce a crop like a tree lately planted. But when a man dieth 

11 he is gone : when a mortal falleth, he is no more. For in a 
course of time a sea is spent ; and a river when unsupplied is 

12 dried up : and man when composed in the grave cannot rise 
again — until the heaven be folded up ; they shall not be awak- 
ened from their sleep. 

13 Ο ! that thou hadst kept me in the mansion of the dead ; 
and hid me till thine indignation should cease : and that thou 
wouldst set me a time when thou wouldst remember me ; 

14 (for though a man die he may be revived, after finishing the 
days of this life of his,) I would wait patiently, until I come 

15 again into existence. Then call and I will answer. But reject 

1 6 not the works of thy hands. Now thou hast numbered up my de- 

17 vices, and not one of my inadvertencies could escape thee. Thou 
hast sealed up mine iniquities in a bag ; and set a mark on every 

18 transgression, which I inadvertently committed. But not to 
mention that a falling mountain will continue its fall ; even a 

19 rock may by force be removed from its place. Waters have 
worn stones smooth ; and waters have washed away mounds 

20 of earth ; and thou hast destroyed the patience of man. Thou 
hast brought him to an end, and he is gone : thou hast set thy 

21 .face against him and dismissed him. And though his children 

be multiplied, he knoweth it not : and if they become few in 



Ch. XV. JOB. 

22 number, he doth not perceive it. His flesh hath been for no- 
thing but to suffer pain ; and his soul only to suffer grief. 
XV. Here Eliphaz the Thaimanite taking up the argument 

2 said, Will a wise man give the wind of knowledge for an an- 
swer ; though he hath therewith filled his labouring belly ? 

3 Or in pleading use arguments which he ought not; and words 

4 in which there is no profit ? Hast thou not cast off fear, and 

5 used such arguments before the Lord ? By the arguments of 
thine own mouth thou art guilty ; and hast not discerned the 

6 arguments of the mighty. Let thine own mouth and not me 
convict thee : thine own lips indeed will testify against thee. 

7 What ! wast thou born before men ? Or wast thou brought 

8 into being before the hills ? Or hast thou heard the establish- 
ed system of the Lord ? Or hath God used thee as his coun- 

9 sellor ? Or hath wisdom made application to thee ? For what 
knowest thou, which we do not know? Or what dost thou 

10 understand, which we do not ? Among us indeed are elders 

11 and aged men, more venerable for years than thy father. Thou 
hast been chastised less than thy sins deserve. Thou hast spo- 

12 ken with excessive haughtiness. To what a pitch of boldness 
is thy heart raised ; or at what have thine eyes taken aim ; that 

13 thou shouldst vent wrath before the Lord, and utter such 

14 words from thy mouth ? For who being mortal can be irre- 
prehensible ? Or can the offspring of woman be righteous ? 

15 If in his holy ones he placeth not confidence ; and the heaven 

16 is not pure in his sight ; how abominable and filthy must man 
be ; who drinketh iniquity in, like water ! 

17 But let me tell thee — hear what I have seen — let me tell 

18 thee what the wise say, and their fathers have not concealed — 

19 They, to whom alone the earth was given ; and no stranger 

20 came among them. "The whole life of the wicked is spent in 
anxiety. Though a certain number of years is given to the 

21 oppressor : yet the sound of terror is in his ears. When he 

22 seemeth to be at peace his destruction shall come. Let him 
not hope to return out of darkness ; for he is already doomed 

23 to the edge of the sword ; and destined to be food for vul- 
tures. He knoweth within himself that he waiteth for a fall ; 

24 and a dark day will torture him. Distress and anguish will 
overwhelm him ; like a general at the head of troops falling 



Ch. XVI. JOB, 

25 upon him. Because he lifted up his hands against the Lord ; 

26 and hardened his neck against the Lord Almighty : therefore 
he ran upon him contemptuously, with the thick boss of his 

27 buckler. Because he covered his face with fatness ; and made 

28 collops of fat upon his thighs : let him therefore lodge in de- 
serted cities ; and go into uninhabited houses : and what they 

29 had got ready, let others carry off. Let him neither be enrich- 
ed, nor what he hath continue. Let him never cast a shadow 

30 on the ground, nor escape out of darkness. Let the wind blast 

31 his bud, and his blossom fall prematurely. Let him not hope to 

32 continue, for vanity shall be his portion. Let his branch lop- 
ped unseasonably, die ; and let not his young shoot nourish. 

33 Let him be gathered like unripe grapes before his time, and 

34 fall like the olive blossom." For death is the testimonial of a 
wicked man : and a fire shall consume the tents of bribery. 

35 He shall conceive sorrows and bring forth vanity, and his belly 
shall produce an illusion. 

XVI. To this Job replied, I have heard many such things, 

3 ye miserable comforters all ! what ! have words of wind a re- 
gular succession? Or can they give thee offence, considering 

4 thine answer ? I indeed could speak as you do. But were your 
soul in my soul's stead, would I insult you with words and 

5 shake my head at you ? And should there be strength in my 

6 mouth ; would I not spare moving my lips ? For if I speak 
shall I not bemoan the wound ? And if I hold my peace, shall 

7 I be any the less wounded ? But now when he hath made me 

8 a poor rotten fool ; thou indeed hast fallen upon me. My lie 
is become a witness, and hath risen up against me — it hath 

9 answered me to my face. When in his wrath he threw mc 
down and gnashed his teeth at me ; the darts of his executi- 

10 oners fell upon me. When with the darts of his eyes he had 
transfixed me — with his spear had brought me on my knees : 

11 they with one consent rushed upon me. The Lord hath indeed 
delivered me up to the unrighteous ; and turned me over to 

12 the ungodly. When I was at peace he broke me up — taking 
me by the hair he shook me — he set me up as a mark. They 

13 surrounded me with javelins, darting them into my reins — 

14 without mercy they poured my gall on the ground. They 
shot me, one deadly wound on another — they ran against mc% 



Ch. XVII. XVIII. JOB. 

15 with all their might. They sewed sackcloth on my skin: and 

16 my strength was extinguished in the dust. My belly was 
burned up with wailing ; and on mine eyelids were the shades 

17 of death : yet there was no iniquity in my hands. And my 
prayer was pure. 

18 Ο earth, cover not the blood of my flesh, nor let there be 

19 a place for this cry of mine. Even now, behold my witness is 
in heaven ; and he who hath a perfect knowledge of me is on 

20 high. Ο that my suit could come before the Lord, and that 

21 before him mine eye could drop a tear ! That a man could plead 

22 before the Lord, as a son of man may with his neighbour! But 
my numbered days are come, and I must go the way, by which 

XVII. I cannot return. I am dying with a tortured spirit, and 

2 wishing for a burial, but do not obtain it. I am supplicating 
in distress, yet what have I done ? Strangers have stolen my 

3 substance — who is the man? Let him be brought to trial with 

4 me. Because thou hast hid their heart from understanding, thou 

5 shouldst not for this cause exalt them. Shall he reckon mis- 
fortunes for his portion — and were his eyes melted for his chil- 

6 dren? But thou hast made me a by-word among nations, and 

7 I am become a subject of laughter for them. For mine eyes are 

8 dim with sorrow, and I am closely besieged by all. At this the 
upright are astonished. " Now the righteous should prevail 

9 over the wicked: and he who is faithful should hold on his 

10 way: and he who hath clean hands should take courage." On 
these maxims you all rely. But come now ; for I do not find 

1 1 truth among you: my days have passed in groans, and my very 

12 heart strings are broken. I have put night for day. Is light 

13 near on account of darkness? For though I have waited pati- 
ently, the mansion of the dead is to be my house, and my bed 

14 is made in darkness. I have called on death to be my father — - 
L5 and on corruption to be my sister and mother. Where then 

have I any ground of hope ? Or shall I see those good things 
16 of mine ? Shall they go down with me to the mansion of the 
dead ? Or shall we go together beneath the mound ? 

XVIII. Here Baldad the Sauchean interrupting him said, How 
long will it be e're thou wilt stop? Forbear that we may speak. 

3 Why should we like beasts be silent before thee? Passion hath 

4 taken possession of thee. What ! If thou die, shall the earth be 



Ch. XIX. JOB. 

uninhabited ? Or the mountains overturned from their foun- 
dations ? 

5 The light of the wicked shall indeed be extinguished ; and 

6 from them a spark shall not ascend. The light in his dwelling 
shall be darkness, and the lamp for him shall be extinguished. 

7 " Let the weakest plunder his substance, and his own counsel 

8 subvert him. His foot is caught in a trap ; in a net let him be 

9 entangled, and let snares come upon him." He will strengthen 

10 the thirsty against him. "A gin is hid for him in the ground, 

11 and the trap for him by the way side. May surrounding sor- 
rows destroy him, and many come round his foot in sore fa- 
mine." 

12 For him indeed a direful destruction is prepared. "May 
the toes of his feet be eaten up, and death devour his comeliness. 

14 May health be expelled from his dwelling, and distress lay hold 

15 on him with the authority of a king." It will make its abode in 
his tent; in his night all his finery will be strewed with sulphur. 

16 Underneath his roots will be dried up ; and above, his product 

17 will fall. "May the memorial of him be destroyed from the 

18 earth. When his name shall be published abroad, may they 

19 drive him from light to darkness." He will not be acknow- 
ledged among his people, nor will his household be safe under 

20 the cope of heaven. But in his possessions others shall live se- 
cure. They who came after groaned for him, but horror seized 

21 them who were before. Such are the houses of the unrighteous, 
and such the place of them who know not the Lord. 

XIX. To this Job replied, How long will you make my soul 

3 sorrowful ? You are indeed destroying me with words. Know 
at least — because the Lord hath dealt thus with me; you speak 

4 against me — without shame you fall upon me. Take it for 
granted that I have erred (though my error remaineth with my- 
self) in speaking words which I ought not : and that my words 

5 are erroneous and unseasonable : but grant also, That you mag- 

6 nify yourselves against me, and insult me with reproach. Know 
then, That it is the Lord who hath terrified me, and raised his 

7 bulwark against me. Behold I laugh at reproach — I will not 

8 speak — I will cry aloud, There is no judgment. I am fenced 
about and cannot get out. Before me he hath placed darkness. 

9 He hath stripped me of my glory, and hath taken the crown 



Ch. XX. JOB. 

10 from my head. He broke me on every side and I fled : and he 

1 1 hath cut down my hope like a tree. When he exercised great 

12 wrath against me, and counted me as an enemy : With one 
consent his troops fell upon me — they who were in ambush 

13 beset my ways. My brethren stood aloof from me, they acknow- 
ledged strangers rather than me ; and my friends were not com- 

14 passionate. My nearest relations paid me no attention : and 

15 they who knew my name forgot me. As for my domesticks 

16 and maid servants, in their view I was a stranger. When I 

17 called my servant, he did not answer me. When with my mouth 
I entreated and supplicated my wife, and called affectionately 

18 the children of my concubines: they renounced me forever. 

19 When I insist, they speak against me. They who saw me, ab- 

20 horred me : and they whom I loved rose up against me. The 
flesh next my skin became rotten, and my bones begin to be 

21 corroded. Pity me, pity me, Ο my friends, for the hand of the 

22 Lord hath touched me. Why do you persecute me as the Lord 
doth, and are not satisfied with my flesh ? 

23 Ο that my words were written and recorded in a book for- 

24 ever ! That they were engraven with a graver of iron on lead, 

25 or on rocks ! For I know that he is eternal, who is about to dis- 

26 solve me on earth, to raise again this skin of mine which draw- 
eth up these things. For from the Lord those things have been 

27 done to me, of which I alone am conscious — which mine eyes 
have seen, and no other; and which have all been done to me 

28 in my bosom. Now if you will say, What shall we say against 
him ? And what ground of accusation shall we find in him ? 

29 Stand in awe, I beseech you, of the developing scene ; for wrath 
will come upon the unrighteous, and it shall then be known, 
where their filthiness is. 

XX. Then answered Sophar the Minaian and said, 

2 I did not suppose that thou wouldst return such an answer, 

3 but do not you feel it more than I? Am I to hear my modesty 
corrected? And is a spirit from its consciousness to answer 

4 me ? Thou hast never known such things heretofore, from the 

5 time man was placed on the earth! "But the mirth of the wicked 
is sudden ruin, and the joy of transgressors, destruction, though 
his gifts mount up to heaven, and his sacrifice reach the clouds. 

7 For when he thinketh that he is now firmly established, then 

VOL. II. υ u 



Ch. XXI. JOB. 

shall he be utterly destroyed ; and they who have seen him will 

8 say, Where is he? Like a dream which is gone, he cannot be 

9 found. He is vanished, like a spectre in the night. The eve 
which saw him, shall see him no more; and his place shall no 

10 more observe him. Let minors destrov his children, and his 
1 1 own hands light up the signals of distress. His bones were 
full of his youth, but with him it shall go to rest beneath the 
12 mound. If wickedness be sweet in his mouth, he will hide it 
under his tongue. He will not be sparing of it, nor forsake it, 
but will gather it together in his mouth ; therefore let him not 
be able to help himself. The poison of an asp is irwhis belly. 

15 Riches collected unrighteously shall be vomited up. Out of his 

16 house let an angel drag him. May he suck the venom of dra- 

17 gons ! and may the tongue of the viper slay him ! may he 
never see the milking of his kine, nor the distribution of his 

18 honey and butter ! He hath wearied himself for emptiness and 
vanity — for riches, of which he shall not have a taste, which 

19 are like a bur, neither to be chewed nor drunk. Because he 
broke up the families of princes ; and plundered dwellings and 

20 suffered them not to stand. There is no security for his posses- 

21 sions ; nor shall he be saved by what he valueth highly. Not 
a scrap of his provisions is left. His good things shall not, on 

22 this account, be renewed. In the fullness of his sufficiency he 
shall be afflicted, and all manner of distress shall come upon him. 

23 If by any means he be permitted to fill his belly ; may he send 
against him fiery indignation, and pour upon him sorrows! 

24 Let him not escape from the edge of the sword ! May the bra- 
sen bow wound him, and the dart pass through his body, and 

26 stars light on his dwellings ! May terrors stalk around him 
and total darkness await him ! An unkindled fire devoureth 

27 him. May his guest also afflict his family ! may the heaven 

28 disclose his iniquities, and the earth rise up against him! May 
destruction bring his house to an end ! Upon him may there 

29 come a day of wrath !" This is the portion of a wicked man 
from the Lord, and this his possession, from the superintend- 
ing Being. 

XXI. To this Job replied, hear, hear my words. Can I not have 

3 this consolation from you? Bear with me, and when I speak do 

4 not deride me. What ! Is my pleading with man? Or, why shall 



Ch. XXI. JOB. 

5 I not be inflamed with indignation ? Look on me and be ainaz 

6 ed, having laid your hand on your cheek. For at the bare recol- 

7 lection I shudder : and tortures rack my flesh. Why do the 

8 wicked live and grow old, abounding in wealth? Their crops 

9 are to their wish, and their children before their eyes. Their 
houses flourish and they have no dread; and a scourge from 

10 the Lord is not upon them. Their kine bring not forth un- 
timely births, but go their time safely, and cast not their 

11 calves. They abide continually like a flock, and their little ones 

12 frolick about them. They take up the psaltery and kithara, 

13 and are charmed with the sound of the song; and having spent 
their life in festivity, they are composed to rest in the peaceful 

14 grave. Yet he saith to the Lord, " Depart from me, I desire not 

15 to know thy ways. What is the Almighty, that we should 
serve him : and what the advantage, that we should wait on 

16 him?" For their prosperity was by their own hands. 

17 Now doth not he observe the works of the wicked? and 
should not the lamp, at least of wicked men, be extinguished, 
and destruction come upon them? And pangs seize them, on 

18 account of anger: and they be like chaff" driven by the wind, 

19 or like dust swept away by a whirlwind? His substance 
should fail from among his children. He should retribute to 

20 him. And he should know it. His eyes should see his own cle- 

21 struction: and he should not escape from the Lord. Because 
his desire is in his family with him ; therefore the number of 
their months should be cut short. 

22 Is it not the Lord who teacheth wisdom and understanding, 

23 and doth he discriminate murderers? One is to die in his full 

24 strength, all his life being successful and prosperous ; his en- 
trails are cloathed with fat, and his bones abound with marrow. 

25 Another dieth with bitterness of soul, having never tasted any 

26 thing good. But they are both composed alike under ground, 
and putrefaction hath covered them. 

27 I know you charge me with presumption, that you will say, 
Where is the house of the chief, and where is the covering of 
the tents of the wicked? 

29 Ask them who travel the high ways, or their monuments, 

30 you cannot miss them. Because the wicked is reserved for a 
day of destruction : let them be carried to prison for the da\ 



Ch. XXII. JOB. 

31 of his indignation. Who shall tell him his way to his face, and 

32 who shall retribute to him what he hath done? Even when he 
should be carried to the burying place, he had caused a watch 

33 to be kept over his tomb. The flints of the torrent have been 
sweetened for him, and every man shall go after him, as innu- 

34 merable have gone before him. How then do ye comfort me 
with vanity? There is nothing from you to give me consola- 
tion. 

XXII. Upon this, Eliphaz the Thaimanite answered, and said, 

2 Is it not the Lord who teacheth wisdom and understanding? 

3 What! Is it any advantage to the Lord, if thou, in works, art 
irreprehensible ? or any profit, that thou shouldst keep a straight 

4 course ? Or will he, instituting a suit against thee, argue and 

5 come to a trial with thee? Is not thy wickedness great, and thy 

6 sins innumerable? Thou hast taken pledges of thy brethren for 

7 nought, and hast stripped the naked of their cloathing. Thou 
hast not given drink to the thirsty: but hast robbed the hungry 

8 of their morsel. Thou hast respected the persons of some and 
settled them in the land ; but hast sent widows away empty, 

10 and done injustice to orphans. Therefore snares have beset 
thee, and an unexpected war hath made thee shudder. The 
light hath become darkness to thee, and water hath overwhelm- 

12 ed thee when asleep. " Doth not he who dwelleth on high, 

13 observe; but hath he humbled the haughty?" Yes, thou hast 
said, How can the Almighty know ? Can he judge in dark- 
ness? 

14 A cloud is his covering, so that he cannot be seen, though 

15 he traverse the circuit of heaven. Thou wilt not keep the an- 
cient way, which righteous men trod, who were borne aloft, 

17 and whose foundations were the surgy stream. As for them 
who said, What can the Lord do to us, or what can the Al- 

18 mighty bring upon us? (He, who had indeed filled their 
houses with good things, though the counsel of the wicked is 

19 far from him.) When the righteous saw them, they smiled, 

20 and he who was blameless laughed them to scorn. Had not the 
whole of them disappeared, a fire would have consumed the 
residue. 

21 Become hardened now, if thou remainest ; and shalt thou 
be rewarded with good things f 



Ch. XXIII. JOB. 

22 Receive, I pray thee, from his mouth, the terms of deliver- 

23 ance, and lay up his words in thy heart. If thou wilt return and 
humble thyself before the Lord, having removed iniquity far 
from thy dwelling, thou shalt be placed on a mount, founded 

25 on a rock, and be like the rock of the torrent Sophir. Then 
will the Almighty be thy defence from enemies ; and he will 

26 make thee pure as silver tried by fire. Then indeed thou shalt 
have confidence before the Lord ; and mayst look up to heaven 

27 with cheerfulness. And when thou pray est to him, he will 
hearken to thee, and will enable thee to pay thy vows ; and he 
will assign thee an habitation of righteousness, and light shall 
shine upon thy ways. 

29 Because thou hast humbled thyself, thou Malt say, Such a 
one was insolent — but he will save him whose eyes are lowly. 

30 He indeed will save the innocent. Save thyself therefore, with 
clean hands. 

XXIII. In reply to this, Job said, I know very well, this trial 

2 is not in my disposal. And that his hand is made heavy by my 

3 groaning. But Ο that some person would let me know, that I 

4 might find him, and come to an issue ; that I might order the 
trial of myself, and that he would stop my mouth with argu- 

5 ments. That I might know what remedies he will prescribe for 

6 me, and understand what he will announce to me ! Though he 
may come against me with great majesty, he will not employ 

7 it in threatening me. For truth and argument proceed from 

8 him ; and he would bring my cause to an issue. For if I am 
to go first and am no more, how do I know what will be at the 

9 last ? When he wrought on my left, I comprehended not ; he 

10 may encompass my right and I not see. For he already know- 

1 1 eth my way and hath tried me like gold. And I will come out 

12 at his commands ; for I have kept his ways, and will not turn 
aside from his commands, nor transgress in my bosom: indeed 

13 I have hid his words. But if he hath judged thus, who can 

14 gainsay him ? For he hath done what was his pleasure. For 
this cause my shuddering is at him ; and on being chastened, 

15 I thought of him. For this cause I am to be awed at his pre- 

16 sence — I am to meditate on and be in dread of him. It is the 
Lord indeed who hath softened my heart. It is the Almighty 

17 who hath made me shudder. For I had no knowledge of dark- 



Ch. XXIV. JOB. 

ness coming upon me ; and he had hid from my view thick 
darkness before me. 
XXIV. But why have set times escaped the notice of the 
Lord; and the wicked transgressed all bounds ; and ravaged 

3 both the flock and the shepherd? They have driven away the 
ass of the fatherless; and taken the widow's cow for a pledge. 

4 They have turned the weak out of the right way; and with one 
consent the meek of the land are hidden and are gone away 
like asses in a field. They are sprung up above me in their 
own order. 

6 To one, bread is sweetened for his children : others have 
reaped before dawn a field not their own — exhausted of 
strength have worked the vinevards of the wicked without 
wages and without food. 

7 They have caused many to sleep naked without covering — 

8 they have stripped them of clothing necessary for life. These 
are wet with the dew of the mountains: and having no shelter 
they cling to a rock. 

9 They have torn the orphan from the breast : and him who 
had fallen they have pressed down. 

10 They have by injustice caused some to be naked; and rob- 
bed the hungry of their morsel. 

11 They have entrapped some unjustly in straits, and the path 
of justice they did not know. 

12 Some are expelled from the city and their own houses : and 
the soul of babes heave heavy groans. 

13 Now why hath he not called these to account while on 
earth? Though they did not acknowledge — though they did 
not know the way of justice; did they not still go on in their 

14 courses? And hath he who knew their works delivered them 
up to darkness? And will he be as a thief in the night? , 

15 When the eye of the adulterer watched for darkness; say- 
ing, No eye shall discover me — when he having put a mask 

16 on his face digged through houses in the dark : (during the 
day they had shut themselves up — they had no acquaintance 

17 with light) because the morning is to all these as the shadow 
of death — because the terror of the shadow of death should 

1 8 acknowledge them; is it swift on the face of the water? 

The portion of these on the earth should be cursed and 



Ch. XXV. XXVI. JOB. 

their plants exposed dry on the ground : for they plundered the 
sheaf of orphans. Now was such a one's sin brought to remem- 
brance? 

Though he was dark as the darkness of night; retribution 
should be made for what he hath done : and every wicked 
man should be broken; like a tree which cannot be healed. 
21 Because he did not treat the barren with tenderness; and 
had no compassion for a poor weak woman. But overthrew the 
helpless with wrath : therefore when he riseth he should have 
no security for his own life : when sick, he should have no 
hopes of recovery : but should perish by his disorder. 

24 As his exaltation afflicted many : he should wither like 
mallows by heat : or like an ear of corn which fell of itself from 
the stalk. 

25 Now if this is not the case; who can say I have spoken 
falsehoods : and set my words at naught? 

XXV. Hereupon Baldadthe Sauchean answered and said, 

2 What! Is there any apology, or fear with him; who made 

3 the universe and is supreme? For let none suppose, because 
robbers have a respite; that snares shall not come from him on 

4 any. For how can a mortal be just before the Lord or any off- 

5 spring of woman make himself clean? If he setteth the moon 
beside him, it shineth not : and the stars are not pure in his 

6 sight. Grant then that man is rottenness and that the son of 
man is a worm. 

XXVI. To this Job replied, 

2 Whom dost thou assist, or whom art thou going to help ? 
Is it not him, who hath mighty power and whose arm is 

3 strong? For whom hast thou been acting as counsellor? Is it 
not for him who hath all wisdom? Whom art thou about to 

4 follow? Is it not him, whose army is beyond compare? For 
whom hast thou announced dictates? And whose breath is it 

5 which proceeded from thee? Are giants going to rise up from 
beneath the water and the places in its neighbourhood? The 
mansion of the dead is naked before him : and destruction 
hath no covering. 

7 He it is, who stretcheth out Boreas over empty space — 

8 who suspendeth the earth upon nothing — who bindeth up 

9 water in his clouds; and the cloud under it is not rent — who 



Ch. XXVII. JOB. 

taketh possession of the front of his throne and over it spread- 

10 eth his cloud. His decree hath drawn a circle on the face of 

11 the water; at the confines of light and darkness. The pillars of 
heaven flutter and are struck with consternation at his rebuke. 

12 By his power he calmed the sea; and by his knowledge the 

13 monster was overthrown. The bars of heaven were terrified 
at him; and by a decree he doomed to death the apostate dra- 
gon. 

14 Behold these are parts of his ways. But let us hear the least 
breath of reason for him. As for the strength of his thunder; 
who knoweth when he shall employ it? 

XXVII. Furthermore Job proceeded and by way of preface said, 
2 As God liveth, who hath thus condemned me; even the 
Almighty who hath made my life bitter: while I have the power 
of breathing and the breath of God is in my nostrils; my lips 
shall not speak wickedness, nor shall my soul contrive mischief. 
5 Far be it from me to acknowledge you to be right; for till 
I die, I will not give up mine innocence. And for asserting my 
righteousness I make no apology; for I am not conscious to 
myself of having done amiss. 

7 Should not mine enemies then be as the overthrow of the 
wicked? And they who rise up against me as the destruction 
of transgressors? 

8 Now whatever hope a wicked man hath, that he persisteth ; 
shall he who hath trusted in the Lord be indeed safe? Or will 
God hear his prayer? Or when trouble cometh upon him, 
hath he any assurance before him? Or upon his calling, will 
he hearken to him? 

11 But now let me tell you what is by the hand of the Lord. 

12 What are from the Almighty I will not falsify. Behold you all 
know that you heap vanity on vanities, saying, 

" This is the portion of a wicked man from the Lord : and 
the possession of oppressors, which shall come to them from 

14 the Almighty. If their children be many they shall be for 
slaughter; and if they grow up to men, they shall be beggars. 

15 Those who are about him shall die by pestilence : and their 

16 widows none shall compassionate. Though he heap up silver 
as dust; and store up gold as clay : the righteous shall take 

18 charge of all these; and men of truth shall enjoy his wealth. His 



Ch. XXVIII. JOB. 

19 house is gone like moths or like a cobweb. He shall lie down 
rich but shall not continue so. He hath opened his eyes, and 

20 all is gone. Sorrows flowed in upon him like water. In a night 
21a tempest swept him away. A burning wind shall take him up 
22 and go he must. It shall blow him away out of his place. He will 

dash upon him and will not spare. Should he by flight flee from 
his hand, he will cause them to clap their hands at him and 
will hiss him out of his place." 
XXVIII. There is indeed a place, from which silver is got ; 

2 and a place from which gold is strained. Iron indeed is made 
out of the earth, and brass is hewn from a quarry like stones. 

3 He hath assigned a station for darkness: but every boun- 
dary he assigned is diligently explored — stones, darkness and 
the shadow of death ; the channels of brooks choked up with 
sand : where to such as know not the right way ; strength is 

5 unavailing and they are removed from among men. As for the 
earth out of which bread cometh; from underneath it something 
like fire hath been turned up. The stones thereof is the place 
of the sapphire. And the dust thereof supplieth man with 

7 gold. A path is explored which no bird knew; and which the 
vulture's eye hath not seen — which the race of boasters have 

9 not travelled; and over which the lion hath not stalked. One 
hath stretched forth his hand with a pick and hath over- 
turned mountains from the roots. Another hath broken through 
the whirlpools of rivers : and mine eye hath seen every pre- 
cious thing. Another hath laid bare the bottoms of rivers and 

12 given manifest proofs of his power. But where is wisdom to 

13 be found? And where is the place of understanding? A mor- 
tal knoweth not the way thereof; nor hath it indeed been found 

14 out by men. The abyss said, It is not in me : and the sea said, 

15 It is not in me. Would not one give for it all he hath got? 
But silver cannot be weighed as its price; nor can it be pur- 
chased with the gold of Sophir — with the precious onyx or the 

17 sapphire. Gold and chrystal cannot equal it in value; nor can 
jewels of gold be a barter for it. Things above need not be 

18 mentioned : but prize thou wisdom above all things below. 

19 The topaz of Ethiopia cannot equal it in value : nor is it to be 

20 rated by pure gold. But where can wisdom be found? And 

21 where is the place of understanding? It hath escaped the know- 

VOL. II. χ χ 



Ch. XXIX. JOB. 

22 ledge of every man; and is hid from the birds of the air. De- 

23 struction and death said, We have heard the fame of it. God 

24 is perfectly acquainted with its way and knoweth its place. For 
he surveyeth the whole world; and knoweth all on the earth — 

25 all that he hath made — the weight of winds and the measures 
of water. 

26 When he had made and seen and numbered them ; and 

27 also a way for the pealing thunder : then did he see it and de- 
clare it : and having prepared and traced it, he said to man, 
"Behold the worshipping of God is wisdom : and to abstain 
from evil is understanding." 

XXIX. Job still further continued his speech, with this exor- 

2 dium, Ο ! that I were reinstated as in times past ! As in the 

3 days of the months when God preserved me — when his lamp 
shined over my head — when by his light I walked through 

4 darkness — when I was making my ways conspicuous — when 

5 God watched over my family — when I was thick set with 

6 branches, and my servants were around me — when my ways 
abounded in butter, and my mountains flowed with milk — 

7 when I walked early through the city ; and a seat was set for 
me in the streets ! 

8 The young when they saw me hid themselves ; and all the 

9 aged stood up. The nobles forbore talking and put their finger 

10 on their mouth. And while they who heard me were blessing 

11 me, their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth. When 
the ear heard me it blessed me ; and the eye when it saw me, 

12 turned aside : for I saved the poor from the hand of the migh- 

13 ty ; and assisted the orphan who had no helper. The blessing 
of him who was perishing came upon me : and the mouth of 

14 the widow blessed me. I put on righteousness and cloathed 

15 myself with justice as with a mantle. I was eyes to the blind 

16 and feet to the lame. I was a father to those in distress ; and 

17 the cause which I knew not I searched out. And I broke the 
jaws of the unrighteous ; and plucked the prey from betwixt 
their teeth. 

13 Therefore I said, My youth shall advance to old age. Like 

19 the stock of a palm, I shall live long. My root is spread out 

by the water ; and the dew will abide on my produce. This 

vain glory of mine shall attend me : my bow is directed by 



Ch. XXX. JOB. 

21 his hand. They who heard me paid close attention ; and at my 

22 counsel they were silent. To my decree they added nothing, 

23 But were overjoyed when I spoke to them. As the thirsty 

24 earth receiveth rain, so did they my speech. If I smiled on 
them they could scarce believe it. And the light of my coun- 

25 tenance was not lost. I chose their way and sat as chief, and 
dwelt as a king among warriors — as one who comforteth the 
afflicted. 

XXX. But now the meanest have me in derision : now, those 
undertake to admonish me ; whose fathers I held in contempt : 

2 whom I did not think worthy the dogs of my flocks. What in- 
deed was the strength of their hands to me? Destruction would 
have been lost upon them. By reason of want and famine it 
was useless. Already they were fleeing ineffectually from dis- 
tress and misery — they were crouding round the samphire on 
the sounding shore ; and feeding on sea weeds as their food ; 
despicable and contemned and in want of every thing good, 
they through extreme want were chewing even the roots of 
trees. 

5 Against me thieves have risen up, whose habitations were 

7 the clefts of rocks. Amidst this tuneful choir, are to be heard 
the brawls of them who lived under hedges. A race of fools 
and despicable wretches, whose name and honour are extin- 
guished from the earth. 

9 But now I am become their song : and they have me for 
their by- word : and have abhorred me and stood at a distance : 
and have not spared to spit in my face. 

11 Because he opened his quiver and afflicted me : therefore 
they have cast off the restraint, which they were under at my 

12 presence. At the right of their brood they have taken their 
stand : they have stretched out their foot ; and vindicated 

13 against me their destructive ways. My ways are destroyed ; 
for I am stript of my robe. 

14 With his darts he hath pierced me — he hath used me 
at his pleasure. I am become loathsome by sorrows. My 
sorrows roll back upon me. My hope is gone like a breath, 

16 and like a cloud, my safety. And now my soul is melting 
within me. 



Ch. XXXI. JOB. 

Days of sorrow take hold of me ; and at night my bones 
are melted and my sinews are quite dissolved. 

18 With great force he took hold of my garment; and girded 
me about like the collar of my vest. Thou hast accounted me 

20 as dirt : and my portion is in dust and ashes. Though I have 
cried to thee, thou hearest me not : but they stood up and 
observed me ; and came upon me without mercy. 

22 Thou hast chastised me with a heavy hand ; and placed 
me among sorrows ; and cast me away far from safety. For I 
know that death will destroy me : for earth is the house for 

24 every mortal. For Ο ! how I wish that I might lay violent 
hands on myself; or beseech another to do this for me. 

25 As for me I indeed wept for every one in trouble ; and 

26 sighed, when I saw a man in distress. But when I expected 

27 prosperity : behold days of affliction came upon me. My bow- 
els have boiled and could not rest : days of misery have 

28 prevented me. I have gone mourning without restraint ; and 

29 have stood in the congregation and cried. I have been made a 

30 brother to jackals, and a companion to ostriches. My skin is 

31 become very black; and my bones are burning with heat. My 
kithara is turned into mourning, and my song to wailing for 
myself. 

XXXI. I made a covenant with mine eyes, that I would not 
2 gaze on a virgin : yet what portion hath God dealt out from 
above ? And what, alas ! the lasting portion on high? "De- 
struction is for the wicked and banishment for transgressors." 

4 Why will he not behold my way and number all my steps ? 

5 Have I walked with scoffers or hath my foot hasted to deceit? 

6 For I have been weighed in a just balance ; and the Lord 

7 knoweth mine integrity. If my foot hath deviated from the 
way or my heart gone astray after mine eyes ; or if with my 

8 hands I have touched bribes : may I sow and others eat ; 
and let me have no root in the land. 

9 If my heart hath gone after another man's wife, or if I have 
lain in wait at her gates ; let my wife gratify another, and mine 

11 infant children be dishonoured. For the defiling of another 

12 man's wife exciteth a fury of wrath not to be restrained. For 
it is a fire burning in all the limbs ; which will not go out, till 
it hath utterly consumed. 



Ch. XXXI. JOB. 

13 If I have slighted the cause of my man servant or maid ser- 
vant when they had a controversy with me, what shall I do 
when the Lord maketh inquest ? x\nd when he visiteth, what 
answer shall I make ? Was not I formed in the womb as they 
1 6 were ? And were we not alike fashioned in the belly ? Far 
from depriving the poor of what they had, or causing the heart 
of a widow to fail ; if I have eaten my morsel alone, and have 
not shared it with the orphan; (for from my youth I as a father 
nourished them, and \vas their guide from my mother's womb) 

19 If I have seen the naked perishing and have not clothed them; 
and if the poor have not blessed me, and their shoulders been 

21 warmed with the fleece of my lambs ; If I have raised a hand 
against the fatherless, because I had around me greater sup- 
port : may my shoulder bone be dislocated, and my arm bro- 
ken at the elbow. For the fear of the Lord restrained me, and 
the burden of that I could not endure. 

24 If I have made gold my measure, or placed my confidence 
in precious stones : or if I have exulted because my wealth 
was great, or laid my hand on what was not counted out to 

26 me : or, (do we not see the refulgent sun sometimes eclipsed, 
and the moon continually changing? for it is not in them:) if 
then my heart hath been secretly enticed, and I have laid my 
hand on my mouth and kissed it ; let this be reckoned to me 
as the greatest transgression, that I have lied in the presence 
of the Lord, the Most High. 

29 If I have rejoiced at the downfal of mine enemies, and my 
heart hath said, Aha! Let mine ear hear myself cursed, and let 
me be a by-word among the people, when I am afflicted. 

θ 1 If my maid servants have often said, Ο that we had some 
of his flesh meat to eat ! while I was living luxuriously : (indeed 
the stranger lodged not in the street, and my door was open 

33 to every comer:) If when I sinned inadvertently, I concealed 
my sin ; for I was not so awed by the multitude as not to men- 
tion it before them — (Now if I had suffered a poor man to go 
from my door with an empty lap, who could have heard me 
with patience?) And if I had not feared the hand of the Lord 
I would have put on my shoulders the writing which I had 

37 against any one, and have acknowledged it as a crown: But if 
I did not tear it in pieces and give it up, without taking any 



Ch. XXXII. JOB. 

38 thing from the debtor: if ever my ground hath cried out against 
me, and the furrows thereof joined in the complaint : if I have 
eaten alone the strength thereof without money, and by rapine 

40 caused the heart of the owner of the soil to grieve : let nettles 
spring up for me instead of wheat, and bramble bushes instead 
of barley. 

XXXII. Here Job closed his speech, and his three friends 
ceased from making further reply to him ; for he was righteous 
in their sight. Then was kindled the wrath of Elius the son of 
Barachiel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, of the country of 
Ausitis. His wrath was kindled against Job to a high degree, 
because he had declared himself just before the Lord: And 
with the three friends he was very angry, because they were 
not able to answer Job's defence : though they had charged 
him with being wicked. 

4 Now Elius had waited to answer Job, because they were 
older than he. But when he saw that there was no answer in 
the mouth of the three men, he was fired with indignation ; 
therefore Elius the son of Barachiel the Buzite taking up the 
argument, said, 

I indeed am young and you are old; therefore I kept silence 

7 and was afraid to give my opinion. For I said, Is it not age 
which speaketh ? And by many years they have gained wis- 
dom. 

8 But there is a spirit in mortals ; and it is the inspiration of 

9 the Almighty which teacheth. They who live longest are not 
the wisest, nor is the knowledge of judgment confined to the 

10 aged. Wherefore I said, Hear me, and I will tell you what I 

1 1 know. Listen attentive to my words, for I will speak in your 

12 hearing that you may examine them. Even now I could wish 
to attend to you: but behold there is none who convicteth Job — 

13 none of you who refuteth his arguments: that you might not 

14 say, We the Lord's advocates have found wisdom. And you 
have left a man at liberty to use hereafter the same arguments. 

15 They were daunted. They answered not again. They 

16 have antiquated their own speeches. I waited patiently : for I 
had not spoken. Because they stopped and made no reply, 
therefore Elius interposing, saith, I will speak again, for I am 
full of words — for I am pained with a spirit within me — for I 



Ch. XXXIII. „ JOB. 

am like a vessel full of new wine, in fermentation, without vent; 
20 or like the labouring bellows of a smith. I will speak that I 

may have case, by opening my lips. For I should not be awed 
22 by man : nor put to the blush because of a mortal. For I am 

not apt to admire persons. Will not worms devour them as 

well as me. 
XXXIII. Now therefore, Job, hear thou my words, and listen 

2 attentively to my speech ; for lo ! I have opened my mouth, 

3 and my tongue hath begun to speak. My words shall proceed 
from a pure heart; and the sentiments of my lips shall be pure. 

4 It is the divine spirit, which made me, even the inspiration of 

5 the Almighty, which teacheth me. If thou art able, give me an 

6 answer ; come to trial, and let us stand face to face. Thou art 
formed out of clay, and so am I : we are both made of the same 

7 material. By the dread of me thou wilt not be terrified ; nor 

8 will this hand of mine be heavy on thee. Now thou hast said 
in my hearing — I heard the sound of thy words : for thou 

9 saidst, " I am pure, I have not sinned ; I am irreprehensible, 
for I have not transgressed. But he hath invented an accusa- 
tion against me, and hath accounted me as an enemy. He hath 

12 put my foot in a clog, and watched all my ways." For how, 
dost thou say, I am righteous, yet he hath not hearkened to 
me. For He, who is over mortals, is eternal. 

13 And dost thou say, Why in my trial, hath he not hearken- 

14 ed to me on every matter ? For the Lord may have spoken 

15 once, and again. — In a dream, for instance, or in a nightly 
vision : As when a dread horror falleth on men, during their 

16 slumbers on a bed ; then doth he open the understanding of 
men. With such appearances of terror he frighted them, to 
turn man away from iniquity. 

17 Again he hath saved his body from a fell, and hath rescu- 

18 ed his soul from death; and hath not suffered him to fall in 
battle. 

19 Again he hath rebuked him with sickness on a bed, and 

20 benumbed all his bones ; so that he cannot take any nourish- 

21 ment, (though his soul longeth for food) until his flesh become 

22 rotten, and he can show his bones bare. When his soul hath 
come near to death, and his life near to the mansion of the 

23 dead, though there may be a thousand messengers of death, 



Ch. XXXIV. JOB. 

not one of them can mortally wound him. If he determine in 
24 his heart to turn to the Lord, when he shall have shewn man 
his charge against him, and pointed out to him his folly, he 
will support him, that he may not fall to death, and renew his 
body like the plaistering on a wall, and will nil his bones with 
marrow ; and make his flesh soft like that of an infant, and re- 

26 store him to full strength among men. And when he hath 
prayed to the Lord, and shall enjoy acceptable things, he will 
come with a cheerful countenance and with thanks : and ren- 

27 der justice to men. Then will such a man blame himself, and 
say, What I have done ! He hath not chastened me, as my 

28 sins deserve! Save my soul, that it may not go to destruction, 
and let my life see light. 

29 Behold in these three ways the Almighty doth all these 

30 things with man. He hath indeed delivered my soul from 
death; that in light my life may praise him. 

31 Listen attentively, Job, and hear me : keep silence that I 

32 may speak. If thou hast any thing to say, answer me: speak; 

33 for I wish thee to be justified. If not : hearken to me : keep 
silence and I will teach thee. 

XXXIV. Then Elius proceeded and said, 

2 Hearken to me, ye wise men, and ye who have knowledge 

3 listen attentively. For the ear trieth words and the palate tast- 

4 eth meats. Let us take upon us the right of judging : Let 

5 us know among ourselves what is good. For Job hath 

6 said, " I am righteous : the Lord hath removed from me 

7 the trial; and hath disappointed me of my trial. My wound 

8 is grievous without transgression." What man is there like 
Job, who drinketh up scorning like water — who hath neither 
sinned, nor been guilty of impiety — nor associated with the 

9 workers of iniquity to walk with impious men? For thou 
shouldst not say, There shall be no visitation of man. He shall 

10 indeed have a visitation from the Lord. Therefore hearken to 
me, ye who are wise in heart. Far be it from me to be profane 
before the Lord ; or before the Almighty to disturb the 
course of justice. 

11 "But he should render to every man according to each 
one's work; so that in his own paths every man may find 

12 him." But dost thou think that the Lord will do improper 



Ch. XXXIV. JOB. 

things? Or will the Almighty who made the earth, pervert 

13 judgment? Now who is this maker of the world and of all the 

14 things therein? For were it his pleasure to confine, and keep 
to himself, the wind, all flesh would expire together; and every 
mortal would return to earth, of which they were formed. 

16 See that thou be not chastened. Hear these things; listen 

17 attentively to the sound of words. Consider that he who hateth 
iniquity; and that he who destroyeth the wicked, being eternal, 
is just. 

18 He is irreverent, who saith to a king, Thou transgressest : 

19 to princes, you are acting impiously. Who hath no respect for 
the person of an honourable man; nor knoweth how to honour 

20 nobles by respecting their persons. "But it should be in vain 
for them to cry or to entreat a man, for they behaved wicked- 

21 ly in turning aside the weak. For he is the observer of mens 1 
actions, and nothing that they do can escape his notice : nor 
can there be a place, where the workers of iniquity can be 
concealed." (a) 

23 (b) That he will not yet set himself against a man; is because 
the Lord superintendeth all in ways unsearchable; glorious 
and wonderful, not to be numbered. 

25 (a) "As he knoweth their works : he should bring on night 

26 and they should be humbled. But hath he extinguished the 
wicked though they are visible before him? Because they 
turned aside from the law of God and did not acknowledge 
his judgments, when they cause the cry of the poor to ascend 

29 to him, he should hearken to the cry of the poor." (b) But when 
he giveth rest, who shall call him to account? When he hideth 
his face, who can see him? Both against a nation, and against a 

30 man at the same time, he maketh a hypocritick man king; be- 
cause of the perverseness of a people. 

31 Because one saith to the Almighty, " I have taken, I will 

32 not again take a pledge : I will look beyond myself; do thou 
shew me : If I have done iniquity, I will do so no more." 

33 Will he for thee punish that iniquity? Because thou must de- 
ny — because thou must draw the conclusion, not I : therefore 
speak what thou knowest. For they who are wise in heart will 
say the same : and a wise man hath heard this word of mine. 

35 Job indeed hath not spoken with wisdom : his words are 
vol. τι. V y 



Ch. XXXV. XXXVI. JOB. 

not with understanding. Therefore let Job learn and no more 
make reply like the foolish; that we may not add to our trans- 
gressions. For iniquity will be charged to our account; if we 
multiply speeches before the Lord. 

XXXV. Then Elius proceeded and said, 

2 What thinkest thou of this in thy pleading? Who art thou 
that thou shouldst say, 

3 "I am righteous before the Lord? Or wilt thou say, 
" What can I do if I sin ?" 

4 I will answer thee and these three friends of thine. Look 
up to yonder heaven and see; and observe the clouds, how 

6 high above thee they are. If thou hast sinned, what canst thou 
do? And if thou hast multiplied transgressions, what canst thou 

7 effect? If thou art righteous, what canst thou give him? Or 

8 will he receive any thing at thy hands? Thy wickedness may 
affect a man like thyself : and thy righteousness, a son of man. 

9 On the account of a multitude, they who are falsely accused 
will scream : They will call aloud because of the arm of ma- 

10 nv, but none said, Where is the God who made me; who re- 

1 1 gulateth the watches of the night; who distinguisheth me from 

12 the beasts of the earth and from the birds of the air? There 
let them scream. He indeed may not hearken even at the 
abuse of bad men. 

13 (a) " Since it is not the Lord's desire to see improper things — 
since he, the Almighty, is the observer of them who do injus- 

] 4 tice; he should save me :" (b) but be judged before him. Can'st 

15 thou praise him as things are? Because he doth not regard Job's 
anger; and hath not severely animadverted on some offence : 

16 therefore Job vainly openeth his mouth; he loadeth his 
speeches with folly. 

XXXVI. Then Elius proceeded further and said, 

2 Bear with me a little longer that I may teach thee : for I have 

3 still something further to say : taking my knowledge from 
abroad and from my own works, I will speak righteous things 
with truth, without considering in an unjust manner things 

5 which are unjust. Know then that the Lord, who is mighty in 
power and wisdom; will not reject the innocent, nor save the 
wicked : and that he will administer justice to the oppressed. 

7 He will not withdraw his eyes from the righteous, but will seat 



Ch. XXXVI. JOB. 

them at last with kings on a throne and they shall be exalted. 

8 When they shall be bound with fetters or held with cords of 

9 affliction, he will shew them their works and their trans- 
10 gressions, that they bear. — But he will hearken to what is 

just, and hath ordered them to turn from iniquity. If they 
hearken and serve; they shall end their days in prosperity and 

12 their years in the enjoyment of things convenient. But the im- 
pious he saveth not : because they would not know the Lord, 
and because, when they were admonished, they were disobe- 

13 dient, the hypocrites in heart shall incur wrath: they will not 

14 cry because he bound them: Let their soul therefore perish in 
youth and their life be wounded by angels. Because they af- 
flicted the weak and feeble, he will support the cause of the 
meek. 

16 Though the abyss from the mouth of an enemy — the over- 
flow of that from underneath hath deceived thee; and thy ta- 
ble which was full of fatness hath fallen : yet the cause of the 

18 righteous shall not fail. But there shall be wrath against the 
ungodly, on account of the wicked bribes which they re- 
ceived for injustice. 

19 Let not the earnest entreaty of the weak in distress turn 
aside thee and all those in the exercise of authority. Do not 
spin out the night that crowds may come to their assistance. 
But be careful not to do improper things : for by such a con- 
duct thou wilt extricate thyself from distress. 

22 Behold the Almighty will strengthen with his strength : 
for who is powerful as he? Or who can examine his works? 
Or who can say, He hath done unjust things? 

24 Remember that his works are greater than what men have 
attempted. Every man hath seen by himself how many mortals 
are wounded. 

26 Behold the Almighty is multifarious in operations beyond 
our comprehension. 

The number of his years are indeed infinite and by him 
the particles of rain can be counted. 

28 When they are collected into a cloud for rain, the heavens 
will pour down. But when the clouds cast a shade over the 
dumb creation he impressed a care on beasts, and they know 
the Order for going to bed. At all these things is not thine mi 



Ch. XXXVII. JOB. 

derstanding confounded ? And is not thy heart starting from 
the body? 

29 Now though the outspread cloud be rushing together, to 
the whole extent of his pavilion, behold ! with a clap of thunder 
he will expand it over him. He hath indeed covered the out 
branchings of the sea ! For with what he judgeth nations he 
can give food in abundance. 

32 When with his hands he hath covered the light, and hath 
given provisional orders concerning food ; the Lord will warn 
his friend that there is a portion also for injustice. Therefore 

KXXVII. on the account of this my heart was troubled, and 
moved violently out of its place. 

2 Hear the report made by the fierce anger of the Lord ! 

3 when a threat shall proceed from his mouth ; as his dominion 
extendeth over all under heaven, and his light over the wings 

4 of the earth ; after it he will thunder with a voice — he will 
thunder with the voice of his indignation. (And should it not 
make a change in those men when he shall cause his voice to 

5 be heard?) With his voice the Almighty will thunder to our 
astonishment ; for he hath done great things which we cannot 
comprehend ; issuing a command to snow, be thou on the 
earth — 

ό When the tempest and storms of rain, under his command 

7 seal up against the hand of every man, that every man may 

8 know his own weakness — when the beasts have entered their 
coverts, and have gone to rest on their beds ; sorrows issue 

9 forth from their chambers, and cold from its lofty summits ; 

10 which by the blast of the Almighty produce frost, and govern- 
eth the water as he pleaseth. 

1 1 But when a cloud covereth a man of his choice, his light 

12 can disperse the cloud : and he at his sovereign pleasure, can 
cause the revolving agents to return to their works. What 

1 3 things soever he giveth them in charge : these are ordered by 
him on the earth ; and whether they be for correction, or for 
the benefit of the earth; or for mercy, he is to be found in them. 

14 Hearken, Job, to these things and stand instructed with 
regard to the power of the Lord. We know that God hath 
disposed his works — that he hath made light out of darkness — 
That he knoweth the different purposes of clouds, and the 



CL• XXXVIII. JOB. 

17 miraculous fall of wicked men. Now thy cloathing is warm 
and there is peace in the land. With him are powerful cordials 
for inveterate disorders : what an appearance of an infusion ! 

19 Therefore teach me what we shall say to him. And let us re- 

20 frain from much speaking. Have I had a book or a scribe by 
me, that by stopping the man I could be silent ? 

21 Though the light is not visible to all, there is a brighten- 
ing in the heavens, like that which cometh in clouds from 

22 him. From the north the clouds brighten like fulgent gold. 
For these things great is the glory and honour of the Almigh- 
ty. As we cannot find another equal to him in majesty ; dost 
thou not think that he who judgeth righteously will hear ? 

24 Men therefore ought to fear him. They indeed who are wise 

in heart, will fear him. 
XXXVIII. After Elius had finished his speech, the Lord 

from a whirlwind and clouds,' said to Job, 

2 Who is this who is concealing counsel from me, and who 
hiding words in his heart thinketh to hide them from me ? 

3 Gird up thy loins like a man and I will question thee and an- 

4 swer thou me. Where wast thou, when I laid the foundations 
of the earth? And tell me, if thou hast understanding, who 
settled the measures of it ? Dost thou know ? Or who stretch- 

G ed the line upon it ? To what are the hooks of it fastened ? 

7 And who laid the corner stone thereof? When the stars were 

8 made, all my angels praised me with a loud voice. It was I 
who shut up the sea with gates, when it rushed eagerly from 

9 its mother's womb. It was I who made a cloud its cloathing; 

10 and thick darkness its swaddling bands. It was I who set 

1 1 bounds to it ; surrounded it with bars and gates ; and said to 
it, Thus far thou shalt come and no farther : but in thyself 

12 thy waves shall be spent. Was it in concert with thee that I 
ordered the morning light ; and that the day spring knew its 

13 appointed time to tinge the wings of the earth — to scare the 

14 wicked from it ? Didst thou take clay of the earth and form 
an animal and place on the earth a creature endowed with 

15 speech? Hast thou withdrawn the light from the wicked, and 

16 broken in pieces the arms of the haughty ? Hast thou gone 
to the head spring of the sea ; and walked in the footsteps of 

17 the abyss ? Arc the gates of Hades opened to thee through 



Ch. XXXIX. JOB. 

fear, and are the porters of Hades struck with awe at seeing; 

18 thee ? Hast thou informed thyself of the breadth of that under 

19 heaven ? Tell me then what is the extent of it. In what coun- 
try doth light make its abode, and of what sort is the place of 

20 darkness ? If thou wouldst lead me to their borders, and if 

21 thou knewest their paths ; I would know that thou wast then 

22 born, and that the number of thy years is great. Hast thou 
gone to the treasuries of snow, or hast thou seen the treasuries 

23 of hail ? Are they stored up for thee, for a time of enemies — 

24 for a day of battles and combat ? From what place doth hoar 
frost issue, or whence is the south wind scattered over the earth? 

25 Who hath prepared a course for the tempest, and a way for im- 
petuous storms to water the ground, where there is not a man — 
the desart where no man dwelleth — to saturate an untrodden, 
uninhabited land and cause the bud of the tender herb to spring? 

28 Who is the father of rain, and Who hath begotten the drops of 

29 dew ? From whose womb doth ice proceed, and who in the 
sky hath brought forth hail which descendeth like a shower ? 

31 Who hath struck with terror the face of the wicked? Dost thou 
know the band of Pleias, or hast thou opened the hedge of 

32 Orion ? Canst thou cause Mazouroth to come forth in his sea- 

33 son, or drag out Hesperus by his hair ? Dost thou know the 
revolutions of heaven, or the things on earth corresponding to 

34 them ? Canst thou summon a cloud with thy voice, and will 

35 it, with the trembling of a water spout, answer thee ? Canst 
thou despatch thunders, that they may go, and will they say to 

36 thee, Here we are ? Who hath given woman a skill in weav- 

37 ing, and a knowledge of the art of embroidering ? Who is it 
who numbereth the clouds with wisdom, and hath caused the 
heaven to incline to the earth, when the earth was poured 
out like dust, and when I have glued the very clod as for a 

39 stone ? Wilt thou hunt the prey for lions, or satisfy the appe- 
tites of dragons ? For they are trembling for fear in their dens, 

41 and lying in ambush in their coverts. Who hath provided food 
for the raven ? For his young have cried to the Lord, wan- 
dering about in search of provisions. 

XXXIX. Hast thou known the time of the rock-goat's deli- 

2 very, and watched the pangs of hinds in travail? Hast thou 

numbered the months they go with young, and hast thou dis- 



Ch. XXXIX. JOB. 

3 missed their pangs ? Hast thou brought up their young, de- 

4 void of fear, and wilt thou dismiss their pangs also ? Shall 
they cast off their young, and be encreased with a new progeny, 
and shall they go forth and no more return to them ? 

5 Who hath sent forth the wild ass free, and who hath loosed 

6 his bands ? As I made the desart his habitation, and the salt- 

7 ish soil his place of encampment ; he scorneth the crowds of a 

8 city, and regardeth not the clamours of a driver. The range 
of mountains he will consider as his pasture, and he searcheth 
after every thing green. 

9 Will the unicorn condescend to serve thee, or to go to rest 

10 at thy stall ? Canst thou bind his yoke with thongs, or will he 

11 draw thy furrows in the field? Hast thou relied on him be- 

12 cause his strength is great ? Wilt thou leave thy labours to 
him, and trust that he will carry out thy seed, and bring home* 
thy threshed grain ? 

13 Why is the wing of the ostrich that of the sportive ? For 

14 though it comprehendeth that of the stork and falcon, yet she 
will commit her eggs to the ground, and hatch them in the 

15 dust ; not remembering that the foot may crush, and wild 

16 beasts trample them. She hardened herself against her young, 

17 as if not her's ; she laboured in vain without fear; because 
God had silenced wisdom in her. But did he not impart to 

18 her some understanding ? At a suitable occasion she will rear 
herself aloft ; she will laugh to scorn the horse and his rider. 

19 Hast thou invested the horse with strength, and clothed his 
neck with terror? When thou array edst him with armour didst 

L 21 thou inspire his dauntless breast with courage? Pawing in the 
plain he swelleth with pride, and rusheth impetuous to the field. 

22 Meeting a king he meeteth him with scorn, and turneth not 

23 back for fear of the sword. On him the bow and the sword 
swell with pride ; and his rage will cause the ground to vanish, 

24 nor will he believe till the trumpet sounds : but at the sound 
of the trumpet he saith, Aha, and snuffeth the battle from afar, 
with a bound and neighing. 

26 Hath the hawk by thy wisdom poised herself aloft witli 
wings expanded, unmoved, surveying the regions of the south? 

27 At thy command doth the eagle soar, and the vulture abide 

28 seated on its nest, on the high crag of a rock, and in secret. 



Ch. XL. XLI. JOB. 

29 and continuing there seek its food? Its eyes take an extensive 
survey, and its young• are besmeared with blood. Wherever 
carcasses are, there are they suddenly found. 

XL. 15 But behold now the wild beasts around thee, which feed 

16 upon grass like cattle — behold that one in particular whose 
strength is in his loins, and whose power is in the navel of his 

1 7 belly. He hath raised his tail like a cypress, and Ins sinews are 

18 plaited together. His ribs are ribs of brass, and his back bone 

19 is molten iron ; he is a chief of the Lord's fashioning, made to 

20 be insulted by his angels only. When he went up to the crag- 
gy mountain, he gave joy to the four footed beasts in the vale. 

21 They go to rest under trees of every sort, by the papyrus, the 

22 reed and the bulrush : But by him large trees with branches, 

23 and the bushes of the field are overshadowed. Should there 
come a flood he would not regard it ; he is confident the Jor- 

24 dan can roll into his mouth. Can one look steadily at him, can 
one craftily bore his nose ? 

XLI. Canst thou draw out Dragon with a hook, or put aban- 

2 dage round his nostrils? Or canst thou fasten a ring in his snout, 

3 or bore his lip for a jewel? Will he speak to thee with entrea- 

4 ties — with soothing supplications? Will he make a covenant 
with thee ? And wilt thou take him for a perpetual servant ? 

5 Wilt thou play with him as with a bird, or bind him as a spar- 

6 row for a child ? Do the nations feed upon him, or the Phoeni- 

7 cians divide him among them? With their whole fleet they 
could not carry the first skin of his tail, nor his head in their 

8 fishing barks. Wilt thou lay thine hand on him, recollecting 

9 the battle made by his mouth ? Do not so again. Hast thou not 
seen him? Hast thou not been amazed at what is said of him? Hast 

10 thou not been afraid that he was prepared against me ? But who 

1 1 is there, who hath risen up against me — or who can rise up against 

12 me and stand to it? If the whole world is mine, I cannot be put 
to silence by him. On the account of his power one may pity 

13 his equal. Who can strip off his outer robe, or who can come 

14 within the folds of his breast plate ? Who can open the doors 

15 of his mouth? His teeth are encompassed with terror. His 
scales are shields of brass ; and his ligature, like a smyrite 

16 stone. They are glued one to another, so that no air may pass 

17 through to him. They are to adhere close to each other ; they 



Ch. XLII. XL. JOB. 

18 stick so close that they cannot be torn asunder. At his sneez- 
ing lightnings flash: and his eyes have the lustre of the morn- 

19 ing star. Out of his mouth issue as it were burning lamps ; 

20 and flaky flames, in appearance, are belched out. From his 
nostrils issueth the smoke of a furnace, flaming with a fire of 

21 burning coals. His animal life is glowing coals ; and a flame 

22 proceedeth out of his mouth. In his neck, strength maketh 

23 its abode ; and destruction runneth before him. The flesh of 
his body is glued together ; it is so abundant that he cannot 

24 be shaken. His heart is hard as a stone, and firm as an im- 

25 moveable anvil. When he turneth himself about, all the four 

26 footed beasts on the earth shrink with fear. Though spears 
oppose him, they effect nothing ; for with regard to the lance 

27 and the breast plate, he considered! iron as straw, and brass 

28 as rotten wood. The bow of steel cannot wound him ; and 

29 stones from a sling he considered! as grass. Battering rams are 
accounted as stubble ; and he laugheth at the shock of eruptive 

30 fire. His bed is sharp pointed obelisks ; and all the gold in 

31 the sea under him, is but as dirt. He causeth the deep to boil 
like a cauldron ; and considered! the sea as a pot of ointment. 

32 The deepest gulf of the sea he accounteth his captive ; and 

33 reckoneth the abyss itself as his parade. Upon the earth there 
is not his fellow ; made to be insulted only by my angels. 

34 He beholdeth every thing that is high ; and he is king over all 
that are in the waters. 

XLII. Then Job in reply, said to the Lord, I know that thou 
canst do all things, and that with thee nothing is impossible. 

2 Who indeed can conceal counsel from thee? Though he for- 

3 beareth to speak, can he think to hide it from thee ? But who 

4 will tell me those things which I did not know — those great 
and wonderful things which I did not understand. Hear me, 
Ο Lord, that I may speak. And let me ask, and do thou teach 
me. 

XL. G Whereupon the Lord further said to Job from the 

7 cloud, No : but gird up thy loins like a man, and let me ques- 

8 tion thee ; and do thou answer me. Decline not the trial with 
me. Dost thou think that I have spoken to thee for any other 

9 purpose, but that thou mayst appear justified? Hast thou an 
arm to contend against the Lord, or dost thou thunder with a 

VOL. ii. ζ ζ 



Ch. XL. XLII. JOB. 

10 voice against him ? Assume then majesty and power, and array 

11 thyself with glory and excellence; and send forth angels in 

12 wrath, and humble every one who is insolent. Extinguish also 
the haughty, and turn the wicked into instant corruption. 

13 Hide them in the earth together, and cover their faces with dis- 

14 honour. Then will I confess that thine own right hand can save 

1 thee. Then the Lord God addressing Job, said, Doth he de- 

2 cline a trial with the Almighty ? Surely he who commenceth 
XL. 3 a suit against God, should support it. Whereupon Job, in 

4 reply, said to the Lord, Why should I continue the debate 
any further ? I stand corrected for commencing a suit against 
the Lord. On hearing such things, what answer can I, who 

5 am nothing, make to thee? I will lay my hand on my mouth. 
Once I have spoken, but I will not proceed a second time. 
I heard of thee before, with the hearing of the ear ; but now 
mine eye hath seen thee, therefore I abhor myself, and am ready 
to drop into dissolution, and account myself as dust and ashes. 

XLII. 7 Now after the Lord had spoken all these things to Job, 
the Lord said to Eliphaz, the Thaimanite, Thou hast sinned 
and thy two friends. For you have not spoken any thing true 

8 before me, as my servant Job hath. Now therefore take seven 
young bulls and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and 
he will make an offering for you ; and my servant Job will pray 
for you. For him only I will accept ; for were it not for his 
sake, I would destroy you, because you have not spoken what 
is true against my servant Job. 

9 So Eliphaz the Thaimanite, and Baldad the Sauchean, and 
Sophar the Minaian, went and did as the Lord commanded 
them, and he forgave them their sin for Job's sake. And the 

10 Lord increased Job. Upon his making supplication for his 
friends, the Lord forgave them their sins, and the Lord gave 

11 Job twice as much as he had before. When all his brethren 
and his sisters heard what had befallen him, they came to him, 
together with all those who were formerly acquainted with him, 
and having eaten and drank at his house, they comforted him, 
and expressed their amazement at all that the Lord had 
brought upon him. And every one presented him a lamb, and 

12 a quarter of a drachm of gold bullion. And the Lord blessed 
the latter davs of Job more than the former ; so that his stock 



Ch. XLII. JOB. 

was fourteen thousand sheep, six thou Sand camels, a thousand 

13 yoke of oxen, a thousand breeding asses. And he had seven 

14 sons born to him, and three daughters, the eldest of whom he 
called Hemera, and the second Kasia, and the third Amalthaia- 

15 keres. And in all the land there were no women found so fair 
as the daughters of Job. And their father gave them an inher- 

16 itance among their brothers. And Job lived after this affliction 
a hundred and seventy years. So that all the years which he 
lived were two hundred and forty. And Job saw his child- 
ren and his childrens' children, to the fourth generation, and 

17 died an old man and full of days. And it is written that he will 
rise again with them whom the Lord raiseth up. 

This is translated out of a book in the Syrian language : 
For he dwelt in the land of Ausitis, On the confines ofldumea 
and Arabia. His first name was Jobab, and having married 
an Arabian woman, he had by her a son whose name was 
Emwn. Now he himself was a son of father Zare, one of 
the sons of Esau, and his mother's name was Bosorra : so 
that he was the fifth in descent from Abraham. Now these 
were the kings who reigned in Edom, over which country he 
also bore rule. The first was Balak, the son of Beor, and 
the name of his city was Dannaba. And after Balak, Jobab, 
who is called Job ; and after him, Asom, who was general 
from the region of Thaimanitis ; and after him, Adad, son of 
Barad, who smote Madiam in the plain of Moab ; and the 
name of his city was Gcthaim. And the friends who came to 
Job were Eliphaz, of the sons of Esau, the king of the 
Thaimanites ; Baldad, the sovereign of the Sauchcans, and 
Sophar, the king of the Minaians. 

PSALMS. 

I. 

HAPPY the man, who hath not walked by the counsel of 
the wicked; nor stood in the way of sinners; nor sat in the seat 
of the scornful. His delight will be in the law of the Lord only. 
3 And on his law he will meditate day and night. And he will 
be like the tree planted by the streams of water, which will 
yield its fruit in due season, and its fruit shall not fall un- 



PSALMS. 

4 timely. In all that he doth he shall be prospered. Not so the 
wicked; not so. They are like the chaff, which the wind dri- 

5 veth from the face of the earth. Therefore the wicked shall 
not stand in judgment, nor sinners in the counsel of the right- 

6 eous. For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous : and 
the way of the ungodly shall perish. 

II. 

WHY did nations rage? And tribes meditate vain things? 

2 The kings of the earth combined; and the chiefs assembled 
together, against the Lord and against his Anointed, [saying] 

3 " Let us break their bands asunder and throw off from us 
their yoke." 

4 He who dwelleth in heaven will laugh them to scorn — the 

5 Lord will treat them with derision. Then will he speak to them 

6 in his wrath and trouble them with his sore displeasure. But 
as for me, by him I am appointed king on Sion his holy moun- 

7 tain. I proclaim the decree of the Lord; to me the Lord said, 

8 " Thou art my Son, this day I have foegotten thee, Ask of 
me, and I will give thee nations for thine inheritance, and the 

9 utmost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt rule 
them with a rod of iron. Thou shalt break them to pieces like 
a potter's vessel." 

10 Now therefore, Ο kings, be wise : Be instructed, all ye, 
who judge the earth. 

11 Serve the Lord with fear: and rejoice for him with trem- 

12 bling. Keep fast hold of instruction; the Lord may be angry 
and you may perish out of the right way. When his anger sud- 
denly blazeth forth, happy are all they who have trusted in 
him. 

III. 

A Psalm by David, when he fled from the presence of his son 

Abessalom. 

1 Ο LORD ! why have they who afflicted me multiplied? 

2 Many are risen up against me. Many say respecting my life, 
In this God of his he hath no safety. 



PSALMS. 

3 But thou, Ο Lord, art my protector; my glory, and the lift- 

4 er up of my head. With my voice I cried to the Lord, and 
from his holy mount he heard me. 

5 I laid me down to rest and slept — I awoke. Because the 

6 Lord will protect me, I will not be afraid of myriads of peo- 
ple — of them who are besetting me round about. 

7 Arise, Ο Lord; save me, Ο my God ! Because thou hast 
smitten all them, who foolishly were mine enemies — hast 

8 broken the teeth of sinners : this deliverance is the Lord's : let 
thy blessing be upon thy people also. 

IV. 

For the conclusion with psalms. An Ode by David. 

1 WHEN I made my supplication; my righteous God 
heard me : thou hast enlarged me in distress : be gracious to 
me and hear my prayer. 

2 Sons of men ! how long will you be stubborn ! why love 

3 ye vanity and seek falsehood? Know that the Lord hath made 
his holy one wonderful. The Lord will hearken to me when I cry 

4 to him. Are you provoked to wrath? Do not therefore commitsin. 

5 What you say in your hearts be sorry for, on your beds. Oifer 

6 a sacrifice of righteousness and trust in the Lord. Many say, 
Who will shew us good things? On us, Lord, is marked the 

7 light of thy countenance : thou hast put gladness in my heart. 

8 Because of the increase of their corn and wine and oil they 
are filled; while I will lay me down in peace and sleep because 
thou, Ο Lord, hast only caused me to dwell in hope. 

V. 

For the conclusion, concerning her who obtaineth the inheri- 
tance. A Psalm by David. 

1 Ο LORD, hear my words — attend to my cry. Listen to 

2 the sound of my prayer, my king and my God ! For to thee, 
Ο Lord, I will pray. 

3 In the morning thou shalt hear my voice : in the morning 
I will wait on thee and look up. 



PSALMS. 

4 Because thou art not a God pleased with iniquity; there - 

5 fore he who is wicked cannot dwell near thee : nor shall trans- 
gressors continue in thy presence. 

6 Thou Ο Lord, hatest all the workers of iniquity : thou 
wilt destroy all them who speak lies — a bloody and deceitful 

7 man the Lord abhorreth. As for me, I through thine abundant 
mercy, will go to thy house : I will worship before thy holy 
temple, in thy fear. 

8 Lead me, Ο Lord, in thy saving goodness : direct my 
way before thee, because of mine enemies — because there is 

9 no truth in their mouth". Their heart is false; their throat, an 
open sepulchre : with their tongue they practised deceit. 

10 Judge them, Ο God; let them fall for their devices : ac- 
cording to the multitude of their crimes cast them out; be- 
cause they have provoked thee, Ο Lord. 

11 But let all, whose hope is in thee, rejoice. They shall ex- 
ult forever, and thou wilt dwell among them : and all who love 
thy name will glory in thee; because thou wilt bless the right- 
eous. Thou, Ο Lord, hast covered us as with armour of fa- 
vour. 

VI. 

For the conclusion, among Hymns for the eighth day. A 
Psalm by David. 

1 Ο LORD, rebuke me not in thy wrath; nor chasten me 
in thine anger. 

2 Pity me, Ο Lord, for I am weak. Heal me, Ο Lord, for my 
bones are troubled. 

3 My soul is troubled exceedingly : but Ο Lord, for how 
long? 

4 Return, Ο Lord; deliver my soul : save me for thy mer- 
cy's sake. 

5 For in death none can make mention of thee. In the man- 
sion of the dead, who can give thee thanks? 

6 I am weary with my groaning. Am I every night to bedew 
my bed and water my couch with my tears? 



PSALMS. 

7 Mine eye is troubled with indignation : I am grown old 
among all mine enemies. 

8 Away from me, all ye workers of iniquity. For the Lord 

9 hath heard the voice of my weeping — the Lord hath heard my 
supplication : the Lord hath received my petition. 

10 Let all mine enemies be shamed and greatly troubled. Let 
them be turned back and instantly put to shame, 

ν m 

A Psalm by David which he sung to the Lord respecting 
the words of Chousi the Jeminite. 

1 Ο LORD, my God, in thee I have put my trust : save me 

2 from all my persecutors and deliver me : perhaps he like a lion 
may tear my soul; if there be none to redeem — none to deliver. 

3 Ο Lord, my God, if I have done this — if there be iniquity 

4 in my hands : if I have requited them evil who did me wrong; 
let me fall by mine enemies as a worthless man : let mine ene- 
my pursue my soul and take it — let him tread down my life 
to the earth and lay my honour in the dust. 

6 Arise, Ο Lord, in thine indignation : exalt thyself in the 
borders of mine enemies. Awake, Ο Lord my God, in the 

7 judgment thou hast enjoined. And when the congregation of 
the tribes encompass thee; ascend thou on high above them : 

8 The Lord is the judge of the tribes : judge me, Ο Lord, ac- 
cording to my righteousness : and according to mine innocence 

9 be for me. Let the wickedness of sinners be brought to an end. 

Thou wilt indeed direct the righteous : thou art the God 

10 who searcheth hearts and reins. Rightful is my help from thai 
God who saveth the upright in heart. 

11 God, who is a judge just and powerful; (though he is long 

12 suffering and doth not execute vengeance every day) will, un 
less you turn back, sharpen his sword. He hath bent his bow 

13 and made it ready : and hath fitted to it the instruments of 
death — those flaming bolts of his which he hath forged. 

14 Behold this man hath travailed with injustice. He conceived 

15 mischief and brought forth iniquity : he hath digged a pit and 
covered it: into the pit which he made he will full : his mis- 



PSALMS. 

chief will return on his own head — on his own head his injus- 
tice will come down. I shall praise the Lord for his loving 
kindness. I shall sing to the name of the Lord Most High. 

VIII. 

For the conclusion. For the wine presses. A Psalm by David. 

1 Ο LORD, our Lord, how thy name ought to be admired 
in all the earth, since thine excellence is exalted above the hea- 

2 vens ! From the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast per- 
fected praise, on account of thine enemies — [on account] of 
destroying an enemy and a revenger. 

3 When I behold the heavens, the work of thy fingers — the 

4 moon and stars which thou hast established, what is man that 
thou shouldst be mindful of him, or a son of man that thou 

5 shouldst visit him ! Thou madest him a little lower than angels, 

6 with glory and honour thou hast crowned him, and set him over 
the works of thy hands. Thou hast put all things under his 

7 feet — flocks and herds of all sorts — also the beasts of the field — 

8 the birds of the air, and fishes of the sea — whatever travel the 

9 paths of the seas. Ο Lord, our Lord, how thy name ought to 
be admired in all the earth ! 

IX. 

For the conclusion. On the mysteries of the Son. A Psalm by 

David. 

1 I WILL praise thee, Ο Lord, with my whole heart, I will 

2 relate all thy wondrous works. Let me be gladdened and re- 
joice in thee ; to thy name I will sing, Ο thou Most High. 

3 When this enemy of mine is turned back, at thy presence they 

4 shall faint and perish ; because thou hast maintained my right 
and my cause. 

5 Thou the righteous judge hast sat on the throne ; thou hast 
rebuked nations, and the wicked one is destroyed. Thou hast 

6 blotted out their Name forever and ever. The enemy's swords 
have utterly failed, and thou hast completely destroyed cities, 
the memorial of them with their din is gone. 



PSALMS. 

•7 But the Lord will endure forever : he hath prepared his 

8 throne for judgment; he will judge the world with righteous- 

9 ness — with rectitude he will judge tribes. The Lord was a 

10 refuge for the distressed, a seasonable helper in adversity. Let 
them who know thy name confide in thee ; For thou, Ο Lord, 
hast not forsaken them who seek thee. 

11 Sing to the Lord who dwelleth in Sion; among the nations 

12 proclaim his designs, for in making inquisition for blood, he 
had them in remembrance — he forgot not the prayer of the 
distressed. 

13 Have mercy upon me, Ο Lord ! Behold my affliction, be- 
cause of mine enemies, Ο thou who raisest me up from the gates 

] 4 of death, that I may proclaim all thy praises in the gates of 
the daughter of Sion. Let me exult with joy for thy salvation. 

15 The nations were completely entrapped by the destruction 
which they contrived ; in the gin which they hid, their foot is 

16 caught. The Lord is known by executing judgments : by the 
works of his own hands the sinner is taken. 

A responsive Ode. 

17 LET the sinners be turned back to the mansion of the 
dead — all the nations who forget God. 

18 For the poor shall not be quite forgotten — the expectation of 
the needy shall never perish. 

19 Arise, Ο Lord, let not man prevail — let nations be judged 
in thy presence. 

20 Appoint, Ο Lord, a legislator over them — let nations know 
that they are men. 

X. 

WHY, Ο Lord, hast thou stood at a distance — dost thou 
overlook at proper occasions — in adversity ? 

2 When the wicked exulteth with pride, the poor is set on 
fire — they are caught by the counsels which they devise. 

3 Because the sinner is praised for the desires of his soul ; 
— therefore he who committeth injustice is blessed. 

4 The sinner hath greatly provoked the Lord — according to 
his great anger will he not make inquisition ? 

vol. ir. 3 a 



PSALMS. 

5 God is not before his eyes — his ways are polluted on every 
occasion. 

Thy judgments are removed from his sight — shall he have 
a mastery over all his enemies ? 

6 For he said in his heart, I shall not be moved and I shall 
never be in adversity. 

Is not his mouth full of cursing, and bitterness and deceit? 

8 — Under his tongue there is mischief and sorrow. 

He sat in secret places with the rich to slay the innocent — 
His eyes are on the watch for the distressed. 

9 He lurketh in secret like a lion in his den — He lurketh to 
make a prey of the poor. 

To make a prey of the poor when he hath drawn him in — 
in his net he will humble him. — 

10 He will stoop and crouch at his tyrannising over the poor — 

11 For he said in his heart God hath forgotten — He hath turned 
his face from ever seeing. 

12 Arise, Ο Lord God, let thy hand be lifted up — Forget not 
the oppressed. 

13 Why hath the wicked provoked God? — For he said in 
his heart, He will not make inquisition. 

14 Thou seest (for thou observest mischief and wrath) — That 
they have delivered themselves into thy hands. 

To thee the poor hath committed himself — Thou art the 
helper of the fatherless. 

15 Break the arm of the sinful and malicious man. — Let his 
sin be sought out till no more can be found. 

16 Let the Lord reign for ever and ever! 

17 Perish ye nations out of his land ! The Lord hath heark- 
ened to the desire of the oppressed. — 

Thine ear hath attended to the preparation of their heart ; 

18 to administer justice to the fatherless and the weak — 

That man may no longer continue his insolence in the 
land. 

XL 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

3 IN the Lord I have placed my confidence, how say ye to 
my soul, "avvav to the mountains as an ostrich. 



PSALMS. 

2 For behold the sinners have bent a bow: they have provi- 
ded arrows for a quiver ; to shoot privily the upright in heart. 

3 For what thou didst build up, they have pulled down." 

4 Now what hath the righteous done ? The Lord is in his 
holy temple. The Lord, whose throne is in heaven ; whose 
eyes look down on the needy ; whose eye lids examine the 

5 sons of men — the Lord examineth both the righteous and the 
wicked. He then who loveth iniquity hateth his own soul. 

6 Upon the wicked he will rain snares. Fire and brimstone and 
a tempestuous wind, shall be the portion of their cup. 

7 Because the Lord is righteous, therefore he loved righte- 
ousness ; his countenance beheld uprightness. 

XII. 

For the conclusion, for the eighth \jday~\ A Psalm by David. 

1 SAVE me, Ο Lord! for a holy one hath ceased; for truths 

2 are scarce among the sons of men. They spoke vanities one 
to another : their lips are deceitful, they spoke with a double 
heart. — 

3 May the Lord destroy all deceitful lips ; and the tongue 

4 which speaketh swelling words — them who say, " We will 
magnify our tongue : our lips are our own : who is Lord 
over us ?" 

5 Because of the oppression of the poor ; because of the 
groans of the needy ; now will I arise, saith the Lord ; I will 
set in safety and speak boldly. 

6 The oracles of the Lord are pure oracles — tried silver, clear 

7 of dross, seven times purified. Thou, Ο Lord, wilt keep us 
and preserve us, from this generation, and forever. 

8 The wicked are walking about : thou, in thy sublimity, 
hast carefully observed the sons of men. 

XIII. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 HOW long, Ο Lord, wilt thou forget me ? For ever ? 
How long wilt thou turn awav thv face from me ? 



PSALMS. 

2 How long shall I revolve counsels in my mind, and sor- 
rows in my heart ? For years ? How long shall mine enemy 
be exalted over me ? 

3 Look down, hearken to me, Ο Lord, my God. Enlighten 

4 mine eyes, that I may not sleep unto death — lest mine enemy 
say, I have prevailed over him. They who afflict me will re- 
joice, if I be moved. 

5 As for me, I have trusted in thy mercy : let my heart re- 
joice in thy salvation : I will sing to the Lord my benefactor; 
and hymn to the name of the Lord Most High. 

XIV. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 THE fool said in his heart, There is no God. They are cor- 
rupt and by their works abominable : there is none who doeth 
good. No not one. 

2 The Lord looked down from heaven on the children of 
men; to see if any had understanding or were seeking God. 

3 They had all gone aside, they were altogether become vile : 
there is none who doeth good — no not one. Their throat is an 
open sepulchre : with their tongues they practised deceit : the 
poison of asps is under the lips of them whose mouth is full of 
cursing and bitterness : their feet are swift to shed blood : 
destruction and misery are in their ways : and the way of 
peace they did not know : there is no fear of God before their 
eyes. 

4 Will they all continue senseless? They are going on in a 
course of iniquity : they are eating up my people as they do 

5 bread : they have not called on the Lord. They were seized 
with terror, where there was no fear; because God was among 
a righteous generation. 

6 Have you despised the counsel of the poor; because his 
trust is in the Lord? 

7 Ο that he would for Sion's sake send deliverance to Israel ! 
When the Lord hath brought back the captives of his people: 
Let Jacob rejoice and let Israel be glad. 



PSALMS. 
XV. 

* 

A Psalm by David. 

1 Ο LORD ! who shall sojourn at thy tabernacle? And who 
shall dwell on thy holy mountain? 

2 He who walketh blameless and worketh righteousness : 

3 And who speaketh truth from his heart. Who hath not deceiv- 
ed with his tongue; nor done evil to his neighbour; nor taken 
up a reproach against his neighbours. In whose sight an evil 
doer is contemned; but who honoureth them who fear the 

5 Lord : who sweareth to his neighbour; and doth not violate 
his engagements : who hath not lent his money on usury; nor 
taken bribes against the innocent. He whose practise is such, 
shall never be moved. 

XVI. 

An inscription for a pillar. By David. 

1 PRESERVE me, Ο Lord : for in thee I have trusted. I 

2 said to the Lord, Thou art my Lord : thou hast no need of my 

3 goods. By the hallowed things in this land of his he had mar- 
vellously displayed all his designs. Their infirmities were 
multiplied : after these hallowed things they hastened. 

4 I will no more assemble their congregations for blood, 

5 nor make mention of their names with my lips. The Lord is the 
portion of mine inheritance and of my cup : thou art he who re- 

6 storeth me mine inheritance. The lines have fallen to me in the 
best places : for this inheritance of mine is the best for me. 

7 I will bless the Lord who hath given me understanding : 

8 even now at night my reins have instructed me. I saw the 
Lord continually before me. Because he is at my right hand 

9 that I may not be moved; therefore my heart was gladdened; 
and my tongue exulted with joy : moreover my flesh also Mill 

10 dwell in hope; that thou wilt not leave my soul in the mansion 
of the dead nor suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 

11 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life : thou with 
thy presence wilt fill me with joy. At thy right hand are plea, 
sures for evermore. 



PSALMS. 
XVII. 

Λ Prayer of David. 

1 HEARKEN, Ο Lord, to my justification; attend to my 
supplication : give ear to my prayer which is not made with 
feigned lips. 

2 Let my sentence come forth from thy presence : Let mine 
eyes behold righteous decisions. 

3 Thou hast proved my heart : thou hast watched me by 
night : thou hast tried me : and in me there was found no in- 
justice. 

4 That my mouth might not speak the works of these men;. 
I, because of the words of thy lips, kept rugged ways. 

5 Establish my footsteps in thy paths; that my footsteps may 
not be moved. 

6 I have cried, because thou, Ο God, didst hear me : incline 

7 thine ear tome and hear my words. Display marvellously thy 
mercies, Ο thou, who, with thy right hand, savestfrom adver- 

8 saries them who trust in thee. Keep me as the apple of an eye: 

9 with the cover of thy wings thou wilt shelter me from the face 

10 of the wicked who afflict me. These enemies of mine beset my 

11 soul : they shut up their fat; their mouth spoke proudly. Hav- 
ing driven me out they now enclosed me. They set their eyes 

12 inclining to the ground. They observed me, like a lion eager 
for prey, and like a young lion lurking in coverts. 

13 Arise, Ο Lord, prevent them and cause them to stumble. 
Deliver my soul from the wicked : wrest thy sword from thine 

14 enemies hand. Dismiss them, Ο Lord, from the land: disperse 
them in their life time. Though their belly was filled with thy 
stores ; they glutted themselves with swine's flesh, and left the 
relicks for their children. 

15 But as for me, let me appear righteous before thee ; let me 
be satisfied with a display of thy glory. 

XVIII. 

For the conclusion. By David the servant of the Lord; 
who spake to the Lord the words of this Ode on the day when 



PSALMS. 

the Lord delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and 
out of the hand of Saul; and he said, 

1 I WILL love thee, Ο Lord, my strength ! The Lord is 
my support, my refuge and my deliverer. My God is my help- 
er, in him I will trust ; my protector, the horn of my salvation 
and my defender. 

3 In songs of praise I will call on the Lord, and I shall be 
saved from mine enemies. 

4 The pangs of death encompassed me; and floods of iniquity 

5 startled me. The pangs of Hades surrounded me, and the 

6 snares of death were before me. In my distress I called on the 
Lord, and to my God I raised my cry. From his holy temple 
he heard my voice ; and my cry before him reached his ears. 

7 Then was the earth shaken : it trembled; and the founda- 
tions of the hills were convulsed and shaken ; because at mine 

8 enemies God was incensed. A smoke ascended in his ire, and 
at his presence a fire flamed, by which coals were kindled to a 
glow. And he bowed the heaven and came down, and darkness 

10 was under his feet. He mounted on cherubs and flew — he flew 

11 on the wings of winds. But he made darkness his covering, 

12 His tent around him was dark water in clouds of air. At the 
flash of the lightning before him, the clouds burst. Hail stones 

13 and coals of fire ! Then the Lord thundered from heaven, the 

14 Most High uttered his voice : He sent forth his bolts and scat- 
tered them ; he multiplied his lightnings and confounded them. 

15 Then were seen the head springs of waters, and the foundations 
of the world were disclosed, at thy rebuke, Ο Lord — at the 

16 blowing of the blast of thine anger. He sent from on high 

17 and took me — he took me to himself from many waters. He 
will deliver me from my potent enemies ; and from them who 

18 hate me ; because they are stronger than I. They surprised 
me in the day of my distress ; but the Lord was my firm sup- 

19 port ; and brought me out to a large place. He will deliver me 

20 because he delighted in me. The Lord will reward me accord- 
ing to my righteousness, and recompense me according to the 

2 1 cleanness of my hands. Because I have kept the ways of the 

22 Lord, and have not wickedly departed from my God — because 
all his judgments were before me, and his rules of rectitudt 



PSALMS. 

23 were not far from me ; therefore with him I shall be unble- 

24 mished, and I will guard myself from mine iniquity ; and the 
Lord will reward me according to my righteousness, and ac- 

25 cording to the cleanness of my hands in his sight. With the 
merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with a harmless 

26 man thou wilt be harmless ; with a warrior thou wilt be a war- 

27 rior, and with the wily, thou wilt practise wiles. Because thou 
wilt save a dejected people ; therefore the eyes of the loftv 

28 thou wilt humble. Because thou, Ο Lord, wilt light my lamp 

29 — thou, Ο my God, wilt enlighten my darkness — by thee 
therefore 1 shall be delivered from a roving band ; and by my 

30 God I shall overleap a wall. As for my God, his way is spot- 
less — the oracles of the Lord are tried, he is the protector of all 

3 1 who trust in him. For who is God, besides the Lord ? And 

32 who is God, save our God ? It is thou, Ο God, who girdest 

33 me with strength, and hast made my way spotless — who mak- 
est my feet like those of a hind, and who steadiest me on high 

34 places ; who instructest my hands for battle, and hast made my 
arms like a bow of steel, and given me a defence for my safe- 

35 ty ; and thy right hand hath helped me, and thy discipline hath 
upheld me to the last : this discipline of thine will still teach 

36 me. Thou hast enlarged my steps under me, and my tread 

37 was not unsteady. I shall pursue mine enemies and overtake 

38 them, and not turn back till they are destroyed. I shall harass 
them that they may not be able to stand ; they shall fall down 

39 under my feet. For thou hast girded me with strength for bat- 

40 tie, and subdued under me all that rose up against me. Thou 
hast given me the backs of mine enemies, and utterly destroyed 

41 them who hate me. They cried aloud, but there was no sa- 

42 viour — to the Lord, but he hearkened not to them. So that I 
shall beat them small as dust before the wind, and trample them 
down like dirt in the street. 

43 Deliver me from the contentions of the people. Thou wilt 
set me at the head of nations. 

44 A people whom I knew not, have served me. Soon as they 
heard, they obeyed me. 

45 Strange children have paid me feigned obedience. Strange 
children became old and limped from their paths. 



PSALMS. 

46 Live the Lord! and blessed be my God ! and let the God 
of my salvation be exalted — 

47 The God who hath executed vengeance for me : and sub- 
jected peoples under me — my deliverer from outrageous ene- 
mies. 

48 From them who rise up against me, thou wilt lift me up ; 
from the man of violence thou wilt deliver me. 

49 For this cause I will praise thee, Ο Lord, among the na- 
tions : And sing melodiously to thy name. 

50 He is magnifying the deliverances of his king, and shew- 
ing mercy to his anointed — to David and his seed forever. 

XIX. 

For the conclusion. Λ Psalm by David, 

1 THE heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament 
proclaimeth the work of his hands. 

2 Day to day pronounceth a decree ; and night to night pro- 
claimed knowledge. 

3 Are they not speeches and are they not words, of which 
is not their utterance heard? 

4 To every land their sound is gone forth : and their doc- 
trines to the limits of the world. 

5 In the sun he placed his tabernacle. And he is like a bride- 
groom coming forth from his chamber. He will rejoice as a 
giant to run his course. 

6 His going forth is from the summit of heaven ; and his 
course is to the summit thereof, and from his heat none can 
be hid. 

7 The law of the Lord is perfect, it restoreth souls: The tes- 
timony of the Lord is faithful, it maketh infants wise. 

8 The statutes of the Lord are right, they rejoice the heart. 
The commandment of the Lord is clear, it enlighteneth the 
eyes. 

9 The fear of the Lord is pure, it endureth forever. The 
judgments of the Lord are true, they are justified for being so. 

10 They are more to be desired than gold, or many precious 
stones ; and sweeter than honey or the honey comb. 

VOL. II. 3 Β 



PSALMS. 

1 1 These indeed thy servant keepeth ; for keeping them there 
is a great reward. 

12 Who can understand his errors? Cleanse thou me from 

13 those of mine which are hid; and for those of others, spare thy 
servant. If they gain not a dominion over me : then shall I be 

14 spotless, and clean from great transgression. And the word* 
of my mouth and the meditations of my heart, will be continu- 
ally acceptable in thy sight — Ο Lord, my helper and my re- 
deemer. 

XX. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 THE Lord hearken to thee in a day of distress ! 
The name of the God of Jacob defend thee ! 

2 May he send thee help from the Sanctuary : 
And assist thee out of Sion. 

3 May he remember all thy sacrifice ; 
And make thy whole burnt offerings fat. 

4 May he grant thee thy hearts desire : 
And fulfil all thy counsel. 

5 We will rejoice in thy salvation, and triumph in the name 
of our God. May the Lord fulfil all thy petitions ! 

6 Now I know that the Lord hath saved his anointed. From 
his holy heaven he will hearken to him. The salvation of his 
right hand is with power. 

7 Some boast of chariots and some of horses ; but by the 
name of the Lord our God we shall be magnified. 

8 They were entangled and fell ; but we arose and were kept 
upright. 

9 Ο Lord, save the king, and hearken to us, when we invoke 
thee. 

XXI. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 Ο LORD, in thy strength, the king will rejoice ; and exult 
greatly in thy salvation, 



PSALMS. 

2 Thou hast granted him the desire of his soul, and liast not 
denied him the request of his lips. 

3 For thou hast pre-engaged him with kind blessings. Thou 
hast set on his head a crown of precious stones. 

4 He asked of thee life ; and thou hast given him length of 
days forever. 

5 By thy salvation his glory is great. Thou wilt confer on 
him honour and majesty. 

6 For thou wilt give him everlasting blessing ; and with the 
joy of thy countenance make him glad. 

7 Because the king trusteth in the Lord : therefore, through 
the mercy of the Most High, he cannot be shaken. 

8 Let thine enemies feel thy hand: and thy right hand find out 
all that hate thee. 

9 Thou wilt make them like an oven of fire, at the time of 
thy presence. The Lord with his wrath will confound them, 
and a fire shall devour them. 

10 Thou wilt destroy their fruit from the earth, and their seed 
from among the sons of men. 

11 Because on thee they were turning evils. Were devising 

12 a counsel which they could not accomplish — because thou wilt 
set them behind those thou hast left — wilt prepare others to be 
before them. 

13 Be thou, Ο Lord, exalted by thy power: let us sing and 
extol thy acts of government. 

xxn. 

For the conclusion. On the help of the morning. Λ Psalm by David. 

1 Ο GOD, my God ! attend to me I why hast thou forsaken 
me? have the acts of my transgressions [removed thee] far from 

2 saving me ? Ο my God, shall I cry to thee by day, and thou 

3 not listen, and by night, and thou not hear me ? Thou indeed 

4 dwellest in a holy place ; thou art the praise of Israel. In thee 
our fathers placed their trust — they trusted and thou didst de- 

5 liver them. To thee they cried and they were saved; in thee 
they trusted and were not put to shame. 

6 As for me, I am a worm, and no man — the scorn of men 



PSALMS. 

7 and the people's contempt. All that see me have laughed me 
to scorn ; they said with their lips while they shaked their head, 

8 " He trusted in the Lord, let him deliver him ; let him save him, 

9 since he delighteth in him." Because thou art he, who drew 
me forth from the womb : my hope, when at the breasts of my 

10 mother — I was cast on thy care from my very birth — from my 

11 mother's womb thou art my God ; Ο stand not at a distance 

12 from me ; for trouble is near — for there is no helper. Many 
bulls have encompassed me — fat bulls have beset me around. 

13 Against me they have opened their mouth, like a ravening and 

14 roaring lion. I am poured out like water, and all my bones 
are torn asunder : my heart within me is melted like wax. 

15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleav- 
eth to my palate — thou hast indeed brought me to the dust of 

16 death. Because many dogs have encompassed me, an assem- 
bly of wicked men have beset me — have pierced my hands 

17 and my feet — have counted all my bones, and have stared 
and looked at me ; they have parted my garments among 
them, and for my vesture have cast lots ; Therefore, Ο Lord, 

20 delay not thou my help, draw near to my assistance ; rescue 
my soul from the sword — this only begotten of mine from the 

21 paw of a dog. Save me from the mouth of a lion, and this 

22 lowliness of mine from the unicorn's horns. I will declare thy 
name to my brethren : in the midst of a congregation I will 
sing praise to thee. 

23 Praise him, ye who fear the Lord praise him, all ye seed 

24 of Jacob. Let all the seed of Israel fear him ; for he hath not 
slighted, nor abhorred the prayer of the distressed ; nor turn- 
ed away his face from me : but hearkened to me when I cried 

25 to him. My praise shall be of thee in a great congregation : 
I will pay my vows before them who fear him. 

26 The needy shall eat and be satisfied : and they who seek 
the Lord will praise him. Their heart shall be forever alive. 

27 All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord ; 
and all the families of the nations shall worship before him : 

28 for the kingdom is the Lord's and he ruleth the nations. All 

29 the fat ones of the earth have eaten and worshipped : before him 
shall bow all that go down to the dust. Let my soul therefore 
live for him. — 



PSALMS. 

50 My seed indeed will serve him : a generation which is 
31 coming shall be announced for the Lord : and they will pro- 
claim his saving mercy to a people that shall be born, whom 
the Lord made. 

XXIII. 

Λ Psalm by David. 

I THE Lord is my shepherd, I shall want nothing. In a 

3 verdant pasture he hath fixed my abode. He hath fed me by 
gently flowing water and restored my soul. He hath led me 

4 in paths of righteousness for his name's sake. For though I 
walk amidst the shades of death : I will fear no ills, because 
thou art with me ; thy rod and thy staff' have been my com- 

5 fort. Thou hast spread a table before me ; in the presence of 
them who afflict me. With oil thou hast anointed my head ; 

6 and thine exhilarating cup is the very best. Thy mercy will 
surely follow me all the days of my life ; and my dwelling 
shall be in the house of the Lord to length of days. 

XXIV. 

Λ Psalm by David, on the first day of the week. 

1 THE earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof, the world 

2 and all its inhabitants. Upon the seas he laid its foundations ; 

3 and established it upon the floods. Who shall ascend to the 

4 hill of God, and who shall stand in his holy place ? He whose 
hands are clean and whose heart is pure. W T ho hath not de- 
voted his soul to vanity ; nor sworn deceitfully to his neigh- 

5 bour. Such shall receive a blessing from the Lord ; and boun- 

6 teous supplies from God his saviour. Such is the generation 
of them who seek him ; who seek the face of the God of Jacob. 

7 Open wide your gates, ye chiefs ! and be opened wide, ye 

8 everlasting doors ; that the glorious king may enter. Who is 
the glorious king ? The Lord strong and mighty : the Lord 

9 mighty in battle. Open wide your gates, ye chiefs ; and be 
opened wide ye everlasting doors; that the glorious king may 



PSALMS. 

10 enter. Who is this glorious king ? The Lord of Hosts. He 
is the king of glorv. 

XXV. 

A Psalm by David. 

1 TO thee, Ο Lord, I have lifted up my soul : Ο my God, 
in thee I have put my trust : let me not be shamed, nor let 

3 mine enemies deride me ; for none who wait on thee should 
be put to shame. Let them be shamed who vainly transgress. 

4 Ο Lord, shew me thy ways and teach me thy paths. Lead 

5 me to thy truth, and teach me : for thou, Ο God, art my sa- 

6 viour, and for thee I have waited all the day long. Ο Lord, 
remember thy compassion and thy tender mercies ; for they 

7 are from everlasting. Remember not the sins and follies of 
my youth : according to thy mercy remember me, Ο Lord, 

8 for thy goodness' sake. The Lord is gracious and righteous: 

9 therefore he will instruct sinners in the way: he will guide 

10 the meek in judgment : he will teach the meek his ways. All 
the paths of the Lord are mercy and truth ; to them who seek 

1 1 his covenant and his testimonies. For the sake of thy name 
therefore, Ο Lord, pardon this sin of mine, for it is mani- 
fold— 

12 What man soever habitually feareth the Lord; him He will 

13 instruct in the way he hath chosen : his life shall be spent in 
the enjoyment of good things and his offspring shall inherit 

14 the land. The Lord is the strength of them who fear him; 

15 and it is his covenant to display it for them. Mine eyes are 
continually towards the Lord; because he can extricate my 

36 feet from the snare. Look down upon me and compassionate 

17 me; for I am an only begotten, though distressed : the trou- 
bles of my heart are multiplied : Ο deliver me from these my 

18 distresses. Look on my humiliation and my trouble and for- 

19 give all my sins. View mine enemies, for they are multiplied; 

20 and have hated me with unjust hatred. Ο preserve my soul 
and deliver me : let me not be shamed, because I have trusted 

21 in thee. To me the innocent and the upright cleaved; because 

22 I waited for thee, Ο Lord. God redeem Israel from all their 
afflictions ! 



PSALMS. 
XXVI. 

By David. 

1 JUDGE me, Ο Lord, for I have walked in mine integrity : 

2 and trusting in the Lord I should not be shaken. Examine 

3 me, Ο Lord, and prove me : try my reins and my heart. Be- 
cause thy mercy is before mine eyes; and I have delighted in 

4 thy truth : I did not sit with the council of vanity; nor can I go 

5 with them who transgress : I hated the assembly of evil doers; 

6 and with the ungodly I cannot sit. I will wash my hands in 

7 innocence and go round thine altar, Ο Lord : that I may hear 

8 the voice of praise; and tell all thy wonderous acts. Ο Lord, I have 
loved the beauty of thy house; and the place of the mansion of thy 

9 glory. Destroy not my soul with the wicked nor my life with 

10 blood thirsty men; in whose hands are iniquities; and whose 

1 1 right hand is full of bribes. As for me, I have walked in mine 

12 integrity : Redeem me, and be merciful to me. My foot hath 
been stedfast in rectitude : in assemblies, I will bless thee, Ο 
Lord. 

XXVII. 

A Psalm of David before he was anointed. 

1 THE Lord is my light and my saviour. Whom shall I fear? 
The Lord is the defender of my life. Of whom shall I be afraid? 

2 When evil doers approached me, to devour my flesh; they, 

3 who afflicted me, even mine enemies fainted and fell. Though 
a host be drawn up against me, my heart will not be dismay- 
ed; though war rise up against me, still I exercise hope. 

4 One favour I have asked of the Lord; and this I will earnest- 
ly seek; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord, all the 
days of my life — that I may contemplate the delight of the 

5 Lord; and visit his temple. Because in his pavilion he hid me, 
in the day of my calamities — in the secret of his tabernacle he 

6 covered me; he set me upon a rock; and now, behold! he hath 
raised up my head against mine enemies: I have gone round 
and offered at his tent a sacrifice of thanksgiving : with musick 

7 vocal and instrumental I will praise the Lord. Hear, Ο Lord, 
my voice when I cry; have mercy on me and hearken to me. 



PSALMS. 

8 To thee my heart said, I have sought thy face; thy face, Ο 

9 Lord, I will seek. Turn not away thy face from me; withdraw 
not in anger from thy servant. Be thou my helper : leave me 

10 not, nor forsake me, Ο God, my saviour. Since my father and 

my mother have left me; and the Lord hath taken me to him- 

Jl self : instruct me in thy way and lead me in the right path, be- 

12 cause of mine enemies. Deliver me not up to the will of them 
who are afflicting me. Because false witnesses have risen up 

13 against me and injustice hath belied itself; I am confident of 

14 seeing the goodness of the Lord, in the land of the living. Wait 
for the Lord and be of good courage; let thy heart be strength- 
ened and wait for the Lord. 

XXVIII. 

A Psalm of David. 

1 TO thee, Ο Lord, I have cried : Ο my God, pass me not 
by in silence. Shouldst thou pass me by in silence : I shall be 

2 like them who go down to the pit. Hear the sound of my sup- 
plication, when I pray to thee — when I lift up my hands to thy 

3 holy temple. Draw not my soul in with sinners; nor destroy 
me with the workers of iniquity — with them who speak peace 

4 to their neighbours and harbour mischief in their hearts. 
Give them according to their deeds; and according to the 
wickedness of their devices. According to the works of their 

5 hands give them — retribute to them their deserts. Because 
they did not regard the works of the Lord; nor the operations 
of his hands : thou wilt utterly destroy them and not build 

6 them up again. Blessed be the Lord, because he hath heard the 

7 voice of my prayer. The Lord is my helper and my protector : 
on him my heart relied, and I am helped. My flesh also is reviv- 

8 ed, that with cheerfulness I may praise him. The Lord is the 

9 strength of his people; and the safeguard of his anointed. Ο 
save thy people and bless thine inheritance; feed them also 
and lift them up forever 



PSALMS. 
XXIX. 

A Psalm of David, at the exodofthe tabernacle. 

1 OFFER to the Lord, ye children of God — offer to the Lord 
the offspring of rams. Offer to the Lord glory and honour : 

2 offer to the Lord, glory to his name. Worship the Lord in his 

3 holy court. The voice of the Lord on the waters ! The God 

4 of the glory thundered ! The Lord is over many waters. The 
voice of the Lord is with power : the voice of the Lord is with 

5 majesty. The voice of the Lord rending the cedars ! The Lord 

6 will rend the cedars of Lebanon, and shatter them to pieces : 
as a young unicorn would a calf; so will the beloved [shatter] 

7 Lebanon itself. The voice of the Lord bursting through a 
flame of fire ! The voice of the Lord shaking the wilderness. 

8 The Lord will shake the wilderness of Kades. The voice of 

9 the Lord collecting the hinds ; when he shall lay the forests 

10 bare. When in his temple every one uttereth praise ; the Lord 
will cause that which was deluged to be inhabited : and the 

11 Lord will sit enthroned king forever. The Lord will give 
strength to his people ; the Lord will bless his people with 
peace. — 

XXX. 

For the conclusion. The Psalm of an Ode at the dedication of 
David'' s house. 

1 I WILL extol thee, Ο Lord, because thou hast upheld me, 

2 and hast not suffered mine enemies to rejoice over me. Ο Lord 

3 my God, to thee I cried and thou didst heal me. Thou, Ο 
Lord, hast brought my soul up out of Hades ; and saved me 

4 from among them who go down to the pit. Ο sing to the Lord, 
ye his saints ; and give thanks at the remembrance of his ho- 

5 liness. Because at his wrath there is vexation ; but in his fa- 
vour, life ; in the evening weeping may pitch its tent ; and in 

6 the morning, joy. As for me, I, in my prosperity, said, I can 

7 never be moved : (To my comeliness, thou, Lord, in thy good 
pleasure hadst added strength) but thou didst turn away thy 

8 face, and I was involved in trouble. To thee, Ο Lord, I cried 

vol. ii. 3 c 



PSALMS. 

9 and to my God made supplication — what profit is there in my 
blood — by my going down to corruption ? Can dust cele- 

10 brate thy praise ; or can it proclaim thy truth ? The Lord heard 

11 and compassionated me : the Lord became my helper. Thou 
didst turn my mourning into joy ; thou didst rend in pieces 

12 my sackcloth and gird me with gladness, that my glory might 
sound thy praise ; and that I might not be absorpt in grief. 
Ο Lord, my God, to thee I will give thanks for evermore. 

XXXI. 

For the conclusion. Λ Psalm by David, on a surprise. 

1 IN thee, Ο Lord, I have trusted. Let me never be put to 
shame. In thy saving mercy rescue me and deliver me — In- 

2 cline thine ear to me ! haste to deliver me. Be thou to me a 

3 protecting God — a house of refuge to save me. Because thou 
art my strength and my refuge ; thou therefore, for thy name's 

4 sake, wilt guide and nourish me : thou wilt extricate me from 
this snare ; which they have privily laid for me. Because thou, 

5 Ο Lord, art my protector ; into thy hands I will commit my 
spirit. Thou, Ο Lord the God of truth hast redeemed me. 

6 Thou hatedst them who fruitlessly regard vanities ; but I have 

7 trusted in the Lord. I will exult with joy and rejoice in thy 
mercy : because thou hast looked on my humilation — hast 

8 delivered my soul from these distresses — hast not shut me up 
into an enemy's hand — hast set my feet in a roomy place. 

9 Pity me, Ο Lord, for I am afflicted: with indignation mine 

10 eye was troubled — my soul and all within me. Because my 
life was spent with grief, and my years with sighing — with af- 
fliction my strength was exhausted and my bones were trou- 

1 1 bled ; among all mine enemies I became a reproach ; and to 
my neighbours especially, and to my acquaintance, a terror. 

12 They who saw me abroad fled from me ; like a dead man out 
of mind I was quite forgotten : I became like a broken vessel. 

13 Because I heard the whispers of many who dwell around me ; 
when they assembled together against me they consulted how 
to take my life ; but as for me, I put my trust in thee Ο Lord; 

14 1 said, Thou art my God ; in thy hands are my lots ; deliver 



PSALMS. 

me from the hand of mine enemies, and from them who are 

16 persecuting me. Let thy face shine upon thy servant: save me 

17 for thy mercy's sake. Ο Lord, let me not be shamed, because 
I have invoked thee. Let the wicked be shamed and driven 

18 down to the mansion of the dead. Let those deceitful lips be- 
come speechless, which speak injustice against the righteous 

19 with pride and contempt. How great, Ο Lord, is the abun- 
dance of thy kindness, which thou hast laid up in store for them 
who fear thee — hast provided for them who trust in thee before 

20 the sons of men. In the secret of thy presence thou wilt hide 
them from the trouble of men ; thou wilt shelter them in a pa- 

21 vilion from the strife of tongues. Blessed be the Lord, because 
he hath marvellously displayed his mercy in a city besieged. 

22 As for me, on my surprisal I said, 1 am cast far from thy pre- 
sence ; therefore thou, Ο Lord, didst hear the voice of my sup- 

23 plication when I cried to thee. Ο love the Lord, all ye his 
saints, for the Lord searcheth out truth, and retributeth largely 

24 to the insolent. Take courage and let your hearts be strong, 
all ye whose trust is in the Lord. 

XXXII. 

On understanding. By David* 

1 HAPPY they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose 

2 sins are covered. Happy the man, to whose account the Lord 

3 will not charge sin, and in whose mouth there is no guile. Be- 
cause I kept silence, my bones were consumed ; by reason of 

4 my crying all the live long day. Because day and night thy hand 
was heavy on me, I was reduced to misery by a piercing thorn. I 

5 acknowledged my sin and did not conceal mine iniquity. I said, 
Against myself I will confess mine iniquity to the Lord, there - 

G upon thou didst forgive the wickedness of my heart. For this 
every pious man should pray to thee in due time. Moreover in 

7 a flood of many waters, are they not to draw near to him? Thou 
art my refuge from affliction, which surroundeth me — my ju- 
bilee to redeem me from them who encompass me. 

8 Let me instruct thee and teach thee the way thou shouldst 

9 go. I will fix steadily mine eyes upon thee. Be not like a horse or 



PSALMS. 

a mule, which have no understanding, the mouths of which, 
when they come not to thee, thou must strain with a bridle or 

10 a cavesson. Many are the chastisements of the sinner; but 

11 mercy will encompass him who trusteth in the Lord. Rejoice 
in the Lord and exult ye righteous, and shout for joy all ye who 
are upright in heart. 

XXXIII. 

By David. 

1 REJOICE ye righteous in the Lord : praise becometh the 

2 upright. Praise the Lord with the kithara — with the ten stringed 

3 psaltery sing praises to him. Sing to him a new song ; sing in 

4 harmonious and triumphant strains. For the word of the Lord 

5 is right, and all his works are true. He loveth mercy and judg- 

6 ment; the earth is full of the merc)r of the Lord. By the word 
of the Lord the heavens were established, and all their host by 

7 the breath of his mouth. He gathered as in a vessel the waters 

8 of the sea; he laid up the deeps in store houses. Let all the 
earth fear the Lord ; and all the inhabitants of the world stand 

9 in awe of him; for he spake and they were brought into being — 

10 he commanded and they were created. The Lord dissipateth the 
counsels of nations, and disannulled! the devices of peoples. He 

11 disannulled! also the counsels of chiefs. But the counsel of the 
Lord shall endure forever, the thoughts of his heart from gene- 

12 rations to generations. Happy is the nation, whose God is the 

13 Lord — the people, whom he hath chosen for his heritage. Out 
of heaven the Lord looked down ; he took a view of all the chil- 

14 dren of men. He looked down from his fixed habitation on all 

15 the inhabitants of the earth. It is he alone who formed their 

16 hearts: he knoweth completely all their works. A king is not 

1 7 saved because of a numerous army : nor can a giant be saved 
by his abundant strength. A horse is a false thing for safety; 

18 nor can he with all his power save himself. Behold the eyes of 
the Lord are on them who fear him — on them who confide in 

19 his mercv; to deliver their souls from death; and to nourish 

20 them in a famine. Let our soul wait for the Lord; because he 

21 is our helper and our protector. Because by him our heart can 



PSALMS. 

be made glad, therefore in his holy name we have trusted. 
22 Let thy mercy, Ο Lord, be upon us as we have put our trust 
in thee. 

XXXIV. 



By David, when he had changed his behaviour before Abimelech, 
and, being dismissed by him, had gone away. 

1 I WILL bless the Lord at all times; his praise shall be con- 

2 tinually in my mouth. Let my soul glory in the Lord : let the 

3 meek hear and be gladdened. Ο magnify the Lord with me; 

4 and let us extol his name together. I sought the Lord and he 

5 heard me; and brought me safe out of all my sojourns. Come 
to him and be enlightened and your faces shall never be sha- 

6 med. This afflicted man cried; and the Lord heard him; and 

7 saved him out of all his afflictions. The angel of the Lord will 

8 encamp round them that fear him, and deliver them. Ο taste 
and see that the Lord is good ! happy is the man, who trust- 

9 eth in him. Ο fear the Lord all ye his saints ! for they who fear 

10 him have no want. Rich men have become poor and hungry : 
But they who seek the Lord shall not want any good thing. 

11 Come, ye children, hearken to me : and I will teach you the 

12 fear of the Lord. What man soever desireth life and loveth to 

13 see good days : keep thy tongue from evil; and thy lips from 

14 speaking guile : depart from evil and do good; seek peace and 

15 pursue it. The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous : and 

16 his ears are open to their prayer. But the face of the Lord is 
against them that do evil; to destroy the remembrance of them 

17 from the earth. The righteous cried and the Lord heard them; 

18 and delivered them out of all their afflictions. The Lord is 
near to those of a contrite heart; and will save them who are 

19 lowly in spirit. Many are the afflictions of the righteous; but 

20 out of them all the Lord will deliver them. He keepeth all their 

21 bones, not one of them shall be broken. Wretched is the death 

22 of sinners; yet they who hate what is just will transgress. The 
Lord will redeem the souls of his servants : and none will 
transgress who trust in him. 



PSALMS. 
XXXV. 

By David. 

1 JUDGE them, Ο Lord, who do me wrong. Fight against 

2 them who are at war with me. Take hold of the shield and 

3 buckler; and stand up in my defence. Unsheath the sword and 

4 stop my pursuers : say to my soul, I am thy safety. Let them 
who seek my life be shamed and confounded: let them be 
turned back and put to shame; who are devising evils against me. 

5 Let them be like dust before the wind, when the angel of the 

6 Lord is afflicting them. Let their way be dark and slippery, 

7 when the angel of the Lord is pursuing them. Seeing they have 
without cause, hid for me their destructive snare — have, with- 

- 8 out reason, reproached my soul ; let a snare, which they know 
not, come upon them, and the gin catch them, which they 
have hidden ; and by that very snare let them fall. 
9 But let my soul rejoice in the Lord, and be delighted with 

10 his salvation. Let all my bones say, Ο Lord, who is like thee, 
who deliverest the afflicted from the hand of them who are 
stronger than he — the afflicted and needy from them who spoil 

11 him? False witnesses having risen up against me, laid to my 

12 charge things which I knew not; they returned me evil for good, 

13 even bereavement to my soul. As for me, while they were rais- 
ing troubles against me I cloathed myself with sackcloth, 
and humbled my soul with fasting. Though my prayer is to 

14 return into mine own bosom, as I would a friend, as I would 
an own brother, so did I endeavour to conciliate. I humbled 

15 myself as one in mourning and deep sorrow. But against me 
they rejoiced and gathered together ; for me, scourges were 
collected and I did not know : they were split — and they had 

16 no compunction. They tortured me — with scoifs they derided 
mc ; they gnashed their teeth at me. 

17 Ο Lord, when wilt thou look down — rescue my soul from 

18 their malice. This only begotten of mine, from lions. I will 
render thee thanks in a great congregation ; among a mighty 

19 people I will praise thee. Over me, let not these, my bitter 
enemies, vainly rejoice ; who hate me without cause, and give 

20 assent with their eyes. For to me indeed they spoke words of 



PSALMS. 

21 peace, while with wrath they were contriving plots. Then they 
opened their mouth wide against me ; they said, Aha ! aha 1 
our eyes have seen. 

22 Thou, Ο Lord, hast seen ; keep silence no longer. Ο Lord, 

23 stand not at a distance from me. Arise, Ο Lord, and attend 
to my trial, Ο my God and my Lord, for my justification. 

24 Judge me, Ο Lord, according to thy righteousness, Ο Lord 

25 my God ! and let them not rejoice over me. Let them not say 
in their hearts, " Aha ! aha ! it is to our mind ;" nor let them 

26 say, We have swallowed him up. Let them who rejoice at my 
calamities be shamed, and confounded together ; let them be 
cloathed with shame and confusion, who magnify themselves 

27 against me. Let them who desire my justification, exult with 
joy and be gladdened. Let them who wish the peace of thy 

28 servant, say continually, The Lord be magnified. So shall my 
tongue speak of thy righteousness — of thy praise all the day 
long. 

XXXVI. 

For the conclusion. By David the servant of the Lord. 

1 THE transgressor, in order that he may sin, saith within him- 

2 self, " He hath, before his eyes, no fear of God's finding out 
and hating his iniquity :" because, before him, he hath acted 

3 with deceit. The words of his mouth are iniquity and deceit. 

4 He would not be wise to do good. He contrived mischief on his 
bed ; he persisted in every course which was not good, and did 
not abhor wickedness. 

5 Ο Lord, thy mercy is in the heavens, and thy truth reach- 

6 eth to the clouds. Thy saving goodness is like-the mountains 
of God, and thy judgments like the vasty deep. Thou, Ο 

7 Lord, preservest men and beasts. As thou, Ο Lord, hast mul- 
tiplied thy mercy : let the sons of men therefore trust in the 

8 shelter of thy wings. With the fatness of thy house they shall 
be plentifully fed; and thou wilt give them for drink, the full 

9 flowing stream of thy pleasures : for with thee there is a foun- 
10 tain of life, and by thy light we shall see light. Extend thy 

mercv to them that know thee, and thy goodness to them who 



PSALMS. 

11 are upright in heart. Let not the foot of pride come against 

12 me, nor the hand of sinners shake me. There all the workers 
of iniquity are fallen ! they were thrust out and could not stand, 

XXXVII. 

By David. 

1 FRET not because of evil doers : nor envy them who com- 

2 mit iniquity. For like grass, they shall quickly wither : and 

3 like the tender herb, they shall quickly fall. Trust in the Lord 
and exercise kindness ; dwell in the land and thou shalt be fed 

4 with the riches thereof. Indulge thyself with delight in the 

5 Lord, and he will give thee the desires of thy heart. Lay open 
thy way before the Lord, and trust in him ; and he will accom- 

6 push — he will indeed bring forth thy righteousness like light, 

7 and thy judgment, as the noon day. Submit thyself to the Lord, 
and supplicate him ; fret not at the man who prospereth in his 

8 way — at the man who committeth iniquity. Cease from anger 

9 and forsake wrath — be not fretted so as to do evil ; for they 
who do evil shall be cut off: but they who wait for the Lord 

10 shall inherit the land. Yet a little while, and the sinner shall be 
no more ; though thou mayst seek his place, thou shalt not find 

11 it. But the meek shall inherit the land, and delight themselves 

12 in the abundance of peace. The sinner may watch the right- 

13 eous, and gnash his teeth at him; but the Lord will laugh him 

14 to scorn, for he foreseeth that his day will come. The sinners 
drew the sword — they bent their bow, to overthrow the afflict- 

15 ed and needy — to slay the upright in heart. Let their sword 
pierce their own heart ; and their bows be broken to shivers. 

16 Better is the little which a righteous man hath, than the abun- 

17 dant wealth of sinners. For the arms of sinners shall be broken ; 

18 but the Lord supporteth the righteous. The Lord knoweth 
the ways of the spotless ; and their inheritance shall last forever. 

19 In time of troubles they shall not be shamed, and in days of 

20 famine they shall be plentifully fed. Because the sinners shall 
perish. Therefore when the enemies of the Lord were exalted 
and glorified — they were flitting away like smoke, and vanish- 

21 ing. The sinner borrowcth and will not repay ; but the right- 



PSALMS. 

22 eous sheweth mercy and giveth. Hence they who bless him 
shall inherit the land ; but they who curse him shall be rooted 

23 out. The steps of a man will be directed by the Lord, when 

24 he taketh delight in his way. When he happeneth to fall, he 
shall not fall with violence ; for the Lord is a stay to his hand. 

25 I have been young and am now old, yet I have never seen the 

26 righteous utterly forsaken, nor his seed begging bread. All 
the day long he is merciful and lendeth, and his seed shall be 

27 entitled to a blessing. Depart from evil and do good and dwell 

28 for evermore. Because the Lord loveth judgment and will not 
forsake his saints ; they shall be preserved forever. The spot- 
less shall be avenged, when the seed of the wicked shall be ut- 

29 terly cut off; the righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell 

30 therein forever. The mouth of the righteous will speak wis- 

31 dom, and his tongue will talk of justice. The law of his God 

32 is in his heart, and his footsteps shall not slide. The sinner 

33 watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to kill him ; but the Lord 
will not leave him in his hand, nor suffer him to condemn him 

34 when he is judged. Wait on the Lord and keep his way: and 
he will exalt thee to inherit the land. When sinners are cut 

35 off, thou shalt see it. I have seen the wicked highly exalted, 

36 towering aloft like the cedars of Lebanon. Again I passed by, 
and lo ! he was gone. Though I sought him, his place could 

37 not be found. Preserve innocence and eye rectitude; for there 

38 is a remnant for the man of peace. But transgressors shall be 
cut off together — the remnants of the wicked shall be rooted 

39 out. The safety of the righteous is from the Lord; and he is 

40 their protector in time of trouble. The Lord will help them 
and deliver them ; he will rescue them from sinners, and save 
them : because in him they have put their trust. 

XXXVIII. 

Λ Psalm for remembrance, respecting rest. 

1 Ο LORD, rebuke me not in thy wrath; nor chasten me in 

2 thine anger. For in me thy shafts are deeply fixed — and on 

3 me thou. hast heavily laid thy hand. There is no soundness in 
my flesh because of thine anger — no rest to my bones, because 

VOL. II. 3 η 



PSALMS. 

4 of my sins. Because mine iniquities mounted above my head; 

5 like a heavy burden they were heavy on me. The wounds, on 

6 account of my folly putrefied and became corrupt. I was in 

7 misery and wholly bent down : all the longsome day I went 
mourning. . For my soul was filled with illusions; and there 

8 was no soundness in my flesh. I was afflicted and exceedingly 

9 depressed : I roared because of the groans of my heart. Now 

10 all my desire was before thee, and my groans were not 
hid from thee. My heart panted, my strength failed me : and the 

1 1 light of mine eyes is no more with me. My friends and my 
neighbours stood over against me: they drew near and stopt — 

12 even my near relations stood aloof. But they who seek my 
life pressed forward : and they who seek my ruin spake vani- 

13 ties. All the day long they studied deceits. As for me, I, as if 
deaf, did not hear : and like one dumb I opened not my mouth. 

14 I became indeed like a man who heareth not; and in whose 

15 mouth there are no reproofs; for in thee, Ο Lord, I put my 

16 trust. (Thou Ο Lord my God wilt hearken — ) for I said, Per- 
haps mine enemies may rejoice over me : (Indeed when my 

17 feet slipped, they used swelling words against me) for I was 
prepared for stripes, and my sorrowful situation was conti- 

18 nually before me; that I might declare mine iniquity, and ex- 

19 press my sorrow for my sin. But as for mine enemies they 
live and are stronger than I : and they who hate me wrongful- 

20 ly are multiplied. They who reward me evil for good, traduc- 

21 ed me : because I followed righteousness. Forsake me not ut- 
terly, Ο Lord, my God : stand not at a distance from me. 

22 Draw near to my assistance, Ο Lord of my salvation. 

XXXIX. 

For the conclusion. For Idithun. An Ode by David. 

1 I SAID, Let me watch my ways; that I may not sin with 
my tongue. I set a guard on my mouth; when the sinner stood 

2 before me. I was dumb and humbled and silent from good 

3 things; and my grief was renewed. My heart was warmed 
within me. That by my meditation a fire might be kindled; 

As I spake with my tongue — Make known to me, Ο Lord mine 
end; and the number of my days, what it is. That I may know 



PSALMS. 

5 what I lack of it. Behold thou hast made my days old: and 
mine existence is as nothing before thee. The universe — every 

6 man living is vanity. Man indeed vvalketh about as an image; 
still he troubleth himself in vain. He heapeth up treasures 

7 and knoweth not for whom he is to gather them. Now then 
what is my expectation ? Is it not the Lord? In thee is my 

8 hope. Deliver me from all my transgressions. Thou hast made 

9 me the reproach of a fool : I was dumb and opened not my 

10 mouth : because thou art he who didst make me. Ο ! Remove 
thy scourges from me : by the blow of thy hand I fainted. 

11 With rebukes thou hast corrected man for iniquity; and 
caused his life to waste like a spider. Still every man troub- 

12 leth himself in vain. Hearken, Ο Lord, to my prayer : give 
ear to my supplication : hold not thy peace at my tears : since 
I am a sojourner in the land; and a stranger as all my fathers 

13 were; Ο spare me that I may recover strength; before I go 
hence and be no more. 

XL. 

For the conclusion. Λ Psalm by David. 

1 I WAITED patiently for the.Lord and he attended to me 

2 and heard my prayer : and brought me up from a horrible pit 
and from miry clay; and set my feet on a rock and directed 

.3 my steps, and put in my mouth a new song — a hymn to our 
God. Many will see and be struck with awe, and trust in the 

4 Lord. Happy the man, whose hope is the name of the Lord, 

5 and who hath not looked to vanities and lying fooleries. Many 
are thy wonders which thou, Ο Lord my God, hast wrought ; 
and for thy thoughts there is none to be compared to thee. 
I have declared and spoken. They are multiplied beyond com- 

G putation. Sacrifice and offerings thou didst not desire, but 
preparedst for me a body ; whole burnt offerings and offerings 

7 for sin thou didst not require. Then I said, Behold I come ; 

8 (in the volume of a book it is written respecting me) to per- 
form, Ο my God, thy will, I was determined, even that law of 

9 thine, within my heart. I have published the good news of thy 
righteousness, in a great congregation. Behold I will not re- 

3 frain my lips ; thou, Ο Lord, knowest my righteousness. I have 



PSALMS. 

ι 

not hid thy truth in my heart, but have mentioned thy salva- 
tion — I have not concealed thy mercy and thy truth from a 

1 1 great congregation. Withhold not thou then, Ο Lord, thy ten- 
der mercies from me. Thy mercy and thy truth have continu- 

12 ally upheld me. Because evils without number encompassed 
me — mine iniquities had overtaken me, therefore I was notable 
to look up ; they were multiplied above the hairs of my head, 
therefore my heart failed me. 

13 Be pleased, Ο Lord, to deliver me. Ο Lord, draw near to 

14 my assistance. Let them who seek my life to destroy it, be 
shamed and confounded together. Let them be turned back 

15 and shamed who wish me evil ; let those quickly bear their 

16 shame who say to me, Ha! ha! Let all who seek thee, Ο 
Lord, rejoice and be glad for thee; let them who love thy salva- 

17 tion say continually, The Lord be magnified! As for me, I 
am distressed and needy, the Lord will care for me. Thou art 
my helper and my protector, Ο my God, make no delay. 

XLI. 

For the conclusion. Λ Psalm by David. 

1 HAPPY he who is considerate with regard to the distressed 

2 and needy ; in time of trouble the Lord will deliver him. May 
the Lord preserve him and keep him alive, and make him hap- 
py in the land, and may he never deliver him into the hands of 

3 his enemy ! May the Lord support him on his bed of languish- 

4 ing ! thou hast made all his bed in this sickness of his. I said, 
" Lord be merciful to me : heal my soul, for I have sinned 

5 against thee." Mine enemies said wickedly of me, " When will 

6 he die and his name perish ?" And if one came to see me, his 
heart spoke vainly. He collected iniquity for himself; he went 

7 abroad and spoke for that purpose. All mine enemies spread 
whispers against me ; against me, they devised things hurtful 

8 to me. They came to a wicked determination against me. 
" Now he is confined to his bed, let him never rise again." 

9 Nay, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted — who ate of 
10 my bread, lifted up his heel against me. But thou, Ο Lord, 



PSALMS. 

have compassion on me, and raise me up, that I may requite 

11 them. By this, I know that thou hast delighted in me, because 

12 mine enemy hath not triumphed over me. And for mine inno- 
cence thou hast upheld me ; and established me before thee for- 

13 ever. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, from everlasting 
to everlasting. Amen. Amen. 

XLII. 

For the conclusion. On understanding. For the sons of Kore. 

1 AS the hart panteth for fountains of water, so panteth my 

2 soul for thee, Ο God. My soul hath thirsted for the living God ; 

3 When shall I come and appear before God? My tears were 
my food day and night, when they said to me continually, 
Where is thy God? On recollecting these things, I have poured 
out my soul by myself. 

4 Since I am to pass on, at the place of an awful tabernacle, 
to the house of God, with a voice of joy and praise — with the 

5 acclamations of them who celebrate a festival : why art thou, 
Ο my soul, cast down; and why disquietest thou me? Trust in 
God, for I shall praise him : he is the health of my countenance. 

6 Ο my God, my soul within me was troubled ; therefore I will 
remember thee, from the land of Jordan and Ermoneim, bor- 

7 dering on the little mountain. Deep calleth on deep to form 
thy roaring cataracts ; all thy meteors and thy billows passed 

8 over me. By day the Lord will command his kindness, and in 
the night he will make it manifest. Let there be with me a 

9 prayer to the God of my life. Let me say to God, Thou art 
my helper. Why hast thou forgotten me — why go I pensive 

10 because of mine enemy's oppression ? When my bones were 
bruised, mine enemies reproached me, by their saying to me 

11 every day, Where is thy God. Why art thou, Ο my soul, cast 
down — and why disquietest thou me? Trust in God, for I 
shall praise him ; he is the health of my countenance and my 
God. 



PSALMS. 
XLIII. 

A Psalm by David. 

1 JUDGE mc, Ο God, and plead my cause against an ungod- 

2 ly nation : deliver me from an unjust and deceitful man. Since 
thou, Ο God, art my strength, why hast thou cast me off? 
and why go I mourning, because of mine enemy's oppression? 

3 Ο send forth thy light and thy truth; these have conducted me, 

4 and led me to thy holy mountain, and to thy tabernacles. Let 
me go to the altar of God — to God, the joy of my youth. 

5 With a kithara, I will praise thee, Ο God, my God. Why 
art thou, Ο my soul, cast down — and why disquietest thou 
me? Trust in God, for I shall praise him. My God is the health 
of my countenance. 

XLIV. 

For the conclusion. For the sons of Kore. Λ Psalm for 
Understanding. 

1 Ο GOD, we have heard with our ears — our fathers have 

2 told us the work which thou didst in the days of old. When 
thy hand had extirpated nations, thou didst plant them : thou 

3 didst afflict nations and drive them out. For they took not pos- 
session of the land with their own sword : nor was it their own 
arm that saved them : but thy right hand and thine arm, and the 
light of thy countenance, because thou tookest pleasure in 

4 them. Thou, who didst command the deliverances of Jacob; 

5 even thou art my king and my God. By thee we can push 
down our enemies, and through thy name, scorn them who rise 

6 up against us. For in mine own bow I will not put trust, nor 

7 is it mine own sword that can save me. For thou hast saved us 
from our enemies, and hast put to shame them who hated us. 

8 In God let us boast, all the day long : and to thy. name give 
thanks forever. 

And hast thou now cast us off and put us to shame, and 

10 wilt not go forth with our armies ! Thou hast turned us back 

before our enemies ; and they who hate us have spoiled for 



PSALMS. 

1 1 themselves. Thou hast delivered us up as sheep, to be devour- 

12 ed, and hast scattered us among the nations. Thou hast sold 
thy people for nought ; the shouts of victory gave no abun- 

13 dance. Thou hast made us a reproach to our neighbours — a 

14 scoff and derision to those around us. Thou hast made us a 
by-word among the nations — a shaking of the head among 

15 the tribes. All the day long, my confusion is before me, and 

16 the shame of my face hath covered me, because of a reproach- 
er's and a defamer's voice ; and by reason of an enemy and 

17 an avenger. All these things have come upon us, though we 
have not forgotten thee — nor dealt falsely in thy covenant. 

18 Though our heart hath not turned back, yet thou hast turned 

19 ourjsteps from thy way. Because thou hast humbled us in the 
place of affliction, and covered us with the shadow of death; 

20 Have we forgotten the name of our God — or have we stretched 
'21 out our hands to a strange god? Will not God search out these 

22 things, for he knoweth the secrets of the heart? Since for thy 
sake we are killed all the day long, and accounted as sheep for 

23 slaughter: awake: why sleepest thou, Ο Lord? Arise and cast 

24 us not off forever. Why turnest thou away thy face forgetting 

25 our distress and our affliction? Because our soul is humbled 

26 to the dust, and our belly cleaveth to the ground; arise Ο Lord; 
come to our assistance and deliver us for the sake of thy name. 

XLV. 

For the conclusion. Respecting them who are to be changed. For 
the sons of Kore. An Ode for understanding. Concerning the 
Beloved, 

1 MY heart hath indited a good word, I recite my perform- 
ances to the king. My tongue is the pen of a ready writer. 

2 Thou art fairer than the sons of men : grace is poured out by 

3 thy lips ; for this cause God hath blessed thee forever. Gird 

4 thy sword on thy thigh, Ο thou Mighty ! To thy comeliness 
and thy beauty give energy , and prosper and reign, for truth, 
meekness and justice's sake; and let thine own right hand mar- 

5 vellously conduct thee. Thine arrows are sharpened, Ο Mighty 
one. nations shall fall under thee; thev are in the heart of the 



PSALMS. 

6 king's enemies. Thy throne, Ο God, is forever and ever; the 

7 sceptre of thy kingdom is a sceptre of rectitude. Thou didst 
love righteousness and hate iniquity, therefore God, thy God 

8 anointed thee with the oil of joy above thy associates. There 
is myrrh and stacte and casia for thy garments — for the ivory 

9 state rooms from which kings' daughters gladdened thee. In 
honour of thee the queen stood on thy right hand, arrayed in 

10 robes of gold and embroidery. Hear, Ο daughter, and behold, 
and incline thine ear, and forget thy people and thy father's 

1 1 house. Because the king is enamoured of thy beauty — because 

12 he is thy Lord; when the daughters of Tyre bow down to him 
with gifts, the richest people of the land will supplicate thy fa- 

13 vour. All this honour is for the daughter of the king of Hese- 
bon herself, she is surrounded with chain works of gold, and 

14 embroidery. The virgins in her train shall be introduced to the 
king. They who are related to her shall be introduced to thee. 

15 They shall be introduced with gladness and rejoicing — They 

16 shall be brought to the temple of the king. Instead of thy fa- 
thers, sons are born to thee ; these thou shalt make princes over 

17 all the land. They shall cause thy name to be remembered in 
all ages, therefore nations shall praise thee forever* 

XLVI. 

At the conclusion. For the sons ofKore. Λ Psalm concerning hid- 
den things. 

1 GOD is our refuge and strength; our helper in the trou- 

2 bles which often befal us. Therefore we will not be dismayed, 
though the earth be shaken, and mountains be hurled to the 

3 midst of seas. Their waters roared and were troubled. By his 

4 power the mountains were convulsed. The swelling streams 
of this river gladden the city of God: the Most High hath hal 

5 lowed his own dwelling : God is in the midst of it ; it cannot 

6 be shaken; God by his presence will support it. The nations 
were troubled, kingdoms tottered ; he uttered his voice, the 

7 earth was shaken. The Lord of armies is with us; our helper 

8 is the God of Jacob. Come and see the works of the Lord — 

9 The wonders which he hath done on the earth: lie is making 






PSALMS. 

wars to cease to the ends of the earth. He will break the bow 
and shiver the lance, and shields he will utterly consume with 

10 fire. Be still and know that I am God: let me be exalted among 

11 the nations, let me be exalted in the earth. The Lord of armies 
is with us, our helper is the God of Jacob. 

XLVII. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm for the sons ofKore. 

1 Ο CLAP your hands, all ye nations; shout to God with a 

2 triumphant voice : for the Lord Most High is awful — a great 

3 king over all the earth. He hath subjected tribes to us, nations 

4 also under our feet. He hath chosen for us his inheritance the 

5 excellency of Jacob which he loved. God ascended at the tri- 

6 umphant shout — the Lord, at the trumpet's sounding. Ο sing- 
praises to our God; sing praises. Sing praises to our king; 

7 sing praises. Since God is king of the whole earth ; Ο sing 

8 praises with understanding. God hath commenced his reign 

9 over the nations ; God is seated on his holy throne. The heads 
of families assembled with the God of Abraham. Because the 
mighties of the land belong to God, they have been exceed- 
ingly exalted. 

XLVIII. 

The Psalm of an Ode for the sons of £bre, on the second day 

of the week. 

1 THE Lord is great and greatly to be praised; in the city 

2 of our God — on his holy mountain. To the great joy of the 
whole earth, he is establishing firmly Sion's mountains. On 

3 the sides to the north is the city of the great king. God is 

4 known in its palaces, when he undertaketh its defence. For lo ! 

5 the kings of the land assembled — they came together. Having 
taken a view they were so astonished ; they were frightened, 

6 they were shaken: a trembling seized them: pangs were there 

7 as of a woman in travail. With a tempestuous blast thou wilt 
dash to pieces the ships of Tarsish. As we have heard, so 

8 have we seen ; at the city of the Lord of armies — at the city 

VOL. II. 3 F. 



PSALMS. 

9 of our God. God hath established it forever. We waited, Ο 

10 God, for thy mercy, in the midst of thy people. According to 
thy name, Ο God ; so be thy praise to the ends of the earth. 

1 1 Thy right hand is full of righteousness. Let mount Sion be 
gladdened : and let the daughters of Judea exult for joy ; be- 

12 cause of thy judgments, Ο Lord. Go round Sion, and encom- 

13 pass it: make proclamation in the towers thereof; mark with 
attention its strength ; and take a distinct view of its palaces : 

14 that you may tell another generation, that he is our God for- 
ever and ever. He will tend us as a shepherd for evermore. 

XLIX. 

For the conclusion. Λ Psalm for the sons of Kore. 

1 HEAR these things, all ye nations ; listen attentively, all 
ye inhabitants of the world! both ye of lowest rank, and heads 

J of families ; both rich and poor together. My mouth shall 
speak wisdom ; and the meditation of my heart understand- 

4 ing. I will incline mine ear to a parable : with a psaltery I will 

5 unfold my problem. Why am I terrified in an evil day? The 

6 iniquity at my heel will surround me. Some put confidence in 
their power : and some boast of the abundance of their wealth. 

7 A brother is not redeemed. Is a man to redeem himself? He 

8 cannot give to God an atonement for himself ; and the price 

9 for the redemption of his life : Though he laboured for the 
age that he may live to the end. Shall he therefore not see cor- 

10 ruption? When he seeth the wise dying; together the foolish 
and senseless shall perish. And they shall leave their wealth 

11 to others, (a) But their graves shall be their houses forever — 
their dwelling places to all generations. On these parcels of 

12 earth, they have put their names, (b) When a man, who is in 
honour, hath not understanding : he hath been compared to 

13 the brute beasts and is like them — this very way of theirs was 
to them a stumbling block ; and after this shall it with their 

14 mouth be praised ? They are pent up like sheep in the man- 
sion of the dead : death shall feed them and the early watches 
will rule over them : and that help of theirs from their glory, 

15 shall in the mansion of the dead become obsolete. But God 



PSALMS. 

will redeem my soul from the power of that mansion when it 

16 receivcth me. Fear not when a man groweth rich, nor when the 

17 glory of his house is increased. For when he dieth he can carry 
nothing away : nor will this glory of his descend with him. 

1 8 Because during this life his soul shall be blessed ; let him praise 

19 thee when thou doest him a benefit. He shall go to the gene- 

20 ration of his fathers ; he shall never see light. A man who is 
in honour and hath not understanding, hath been compared to 
the brute beasts, and is like them. 

L. 

A Psalm, for Asaph. 

1 THE God of gods, the Lord hath spoken, and summoned 

2 the earth from the rising to the setting of the sun. Out of Sion 

3 the perfection of his comeliness — God in full manifestation, even 
our God will come and will not keep silence. Before him a fire 

4 shall blaze ; and around him shall be a mighty tempest. He 
will call to the heaven above and to the earth, to judge his peo- 

5 pie. Gather his saints together to him — them who are in cove- 

6 nant with him touching sacrifices; and let the heavens declare 

7 his righteousness. " Because God is judge, hear, Ο my people 
and I will speak to thee — Ο Israel and I will testify to thee! 

8 I am God, thy God I AM. I will not reprove thee for thy sa- 
crifices. And as for thy whole burnt offerings which are con- 

9 tinually before me, I will not take young bulls from thy house> 

10 nor he-goats from thy folds. For all the beasts of the forests 

1 1 are mine, the cattle on the mountains, and the beeves. I claim 
all the birds of the air; and to me belong the ripe fruits of the 

1 2 field. If I were hungry, I would not tell thee ; for the world is 
3 3 mine and the fulness thereof. Do I eat the flesh of bulls? Or 

14 do I drink the blood of goats ? Sacrifice to God a sacrifice of 

15 praise, and pay thy vows to the Most High. Then call on me 
in the day of trouble; and I will deliver thee and thou shalt 

16 praise me." But to the sinner God said, "Why dost thou men- 

17 tion my judgments, or take my covenant in thy mouth? As for 
thee, thou hast hated instruction, and cast my words behind 

18 thy back. When thou sawest a thief, thou didst run with him — 



PSALMS. 

19 and hast been a partaker with adulterers. Thy mouth hath 
abounded in wickedness, and thy tongue hath framed deceits. 

20 Sitting down thou hast spoken against thy brother, and against 

21 thy mother's son, propagated falsehood. These things thou 
hast done and I was silent. Thou unjustly didst suppose that 
I would be like thyself. I will reprove thee and set things in 

22 order before thee. Now then, consider this, ye who forget God; 

23 lest he tear you in pieces and there be none to deliver. The 
sacrifice of praise will glorify me ; and this is the way in which 
I will shew him the salvation of God." 

LI. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David, when Nathan the prophet 
came to him after he had gone to Bersabe. 

1 HAVE mercy upon me, Ο God, according to thy great 
compassion : and according to the multitude of thy tender mer- 

2 cies blot out this my crime, wash me thoroughly from this ini- 

3 quity of mine ; and purify me from this my sin. For I acknow- 
ledge my transgression; and my sin is continually before me. 

4 Against thee especially I have sinned ; and in thy sight done 
this evil. So that thou must be justified in thine acts, and must 

5 overcome, when thou art judged. For behold I was born in 

6 iniquity ; in sins my mother conceived me : for behold thou 
lovedst truth ; to me thou hadst manifested the obscure and 

7 hidden things of thy wisdom. Sprinkle me with hyssop and I 
shall be purified; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 

8 Cause me to hear joy and gladness; let the bones, which have 

9 been humbled, rejoice. Ο Turn away thy face from my sins; 

10 and blot out all mine iniquities. Create in me, Ο God, a pure 

11 heart; and renew a right spirit within me. Cast me not away 

12 from thy presence, and take not thy holy spirit from me. Re- 
store to me the joy of thy salvation ; and support me with a be- 

13 coming spirit, that I may teach transgressors thy ways, and 

14 sinners may turn to thee. Deliver me from blood guiltiness, 
Ο God, the God of my salvation! That my tongue may with 

15 joy proclaim thy forgiving mercy. Ο Lord, open my lips, that 

16 my mouth may proclaim thy praise. Hadst thou desired sacri- 
fice, I would have given it. In whole burnt offerings thou wilt 



PSALMS. 

17 not take delight. The sacrifice for God is a contrite spirit. A 
broken and an humble heart, thou, Ο God, wilt not despise. 

18 Deal favourably, Ο Lord, in thy good pleasure, with Sion. 

19 And let the Avails of Jerusalem be builded. Then wilt thou be 
pleased with a sacrifice of righteousness as an offering, and on 
thine altar young bulls shall then be offered up as whole burnt 
offerings. 

LII. 

For the conclusion. On understanding. By David, when Doek the 
Idumean came and told Saul and said to him, David went to Abi- 
me lech's house. 

1 WHY boastest thou in mischief, Ο mighty man of iniqui- 

2 ty? All the day long he devised injustice. Thy tongue is like a 

3 sharp razor : thou hast practised deceit. Thou hast loved evil 

4 more than good — lying more than speaking truth. Thou hast 
loved all the decrees of destruction— a tongue practised in de- 

5 ceit. For this cause God will utterly destroy thee — tear thee up 
and hurl thee from thy dwelling; even thy rooted stock out 

6 of the land of the living. The righteous will see indeed and 

7 be afraid. And they will laugh at him and say, Behold the man 
who made not God his strength ; and trusted in the abundance 

8 of his wealth; and strengthened himself in his vanity! As for 
me, I shall be like a fruitful olive tree in the house of God. I 
have trusted in the mercy of God for this age and for the age 

9 of the ages. I will praise thee for this age because thou hast 
made it; and wait for thy name, because it is good in the sight 
of thy saints. 

LIII. 

For the conclusion. Upon Maelath. Of understanding. By David. 

1 THE fool said in his heart, There is no God. They have 
corrupted themselves and are become abominable by iniquities, 

2 there is none who doeth good. God looked down from heaven 
on the children of men to see if any had understanding or were 

3 seeking God. They had all turned aside : they are all together 

4 become vile. There is none doing good : no not one. They will 



PSALMS. 

not bethink themselves, they are all working iniquity, they are 
eating up my people as they do bread? They have not called 

5 upon God. They were seized with terror on the spot where 
there was no fear; because God had scattered the bones of 
men pleasers. They were put to shame because God despised 

6 them. Ο that he would for Sion's sake grant safety to Israel ! 
When the Lord hath brought back the captivity of his people 
Jacob will rejoice and Israel will be glad. 

LIV. 

For the conclusion. Among the Hymns on understanding. By 
David, when the Ziphites came and said to Saul, Behold is not 
David hid amojig us. 

1 SAVE me, Ο God, by thy name; and judge me by thy 

2 power. Ο God, hearken to my prayer. Give ear to the words 

3 of my mouth. For strangers have risen up against me; and 
men of power have sought my life. They have not set God 

4 before them. Behold God is my helper. The Lord is the pro- 

5 tector of my life. He will turn these evils on mine enemies. 

6 Destroy thou them in thy truth. With free will offerings I will 
sacrifice to thee : I will praise thy name, Ο Lord; for it is 

7 good : because thou hast delivered me from all affliction; and 
among mine enemies mine eye hath looked on. 

LV. 

For the conclusion. Among the Hymns on understa?iding. 
By David. 

1 GIVE ear, Ο God, to my prayer; and overlook not my 

2 supplication. x\ttend to me and hear me. I have mourned in 

3 my meditation and am troubled : because of the voice of an 
enemy and because of the oppression of a sinner. Because 
upon me they cast iniquity and boiled with malice against 

4 me ; my heart within me was troubled; and the terror of death 

5 fell upon me. Fear and trembling came against me; and a 

6 dark gloom overwhelmed me. So that I said, Ο that I had 



PSALMS. 

wings like those of a dove; that I might fly away and be at 

7 rest. Behold I had removed far away, as a fugitive, and taken 

8 up my lodging in the wilderness. I waited for him who deli- 

9 vereth me from distress and a furious tempest. Confound, Ο 
Lord, and divide their tongues, For I saw iniquity and con* 

10 tradiction in the city. Day and night shall transgression go 
round it on its walls and trouble be in the midst of it, and in- 

1 1 justice? Usury and fraud have not departed from its streets, 

12 Had an enemy reproached me I could have borne it. And hud 
the man who hated me magnified himself against me, I could 

13 have hid myself from him. But thou, Ο man, my second self, 

14 my guide, mine intimate friend ! Who being with me didst 
sweeten my repasts ! In the house of God, we walked in una- 

15 nimity — Let death come upon them; Let them go down alive 
to the mansion of the dead : because there was wickedness in 

1 6 their dwellings — in the midst of them. As for me, I cried to 

17 God, and the Lord heard me. Evening and morning and 
at noon I will declare and proclaim; and he will hearken to my 

18 voice. He will deliver my soul in peace from them who come 

19 near me. Because they among many were with me; God who 
existeth before the ages will hear and afflict them. For there is 

20 no redemption for them. They indeed did not fear God : he 
hath stretched forth his hand with retribution. They profaned 

21 and broke his covenant : they were scattered by the indigna- 
tion of his countenance. When his heart was near, his words 

22 were smoother than oil. Now they are daggers. Cast thy care 
on the Lord, and he will sustain thee. He will never suffer the 

23 righteous to be shaken. But thou, Ο God, wilt drag them 
down to the pit of destruction. Bloody and deceitful men shall 
not live half their days. But as for me I will trust in thee, Ο 
Lord. 

LVI. 

For the conclusion. For people far removed from the Holies, 
By David for a monumental inscription, when the Philis- 
tines had him in their power at Get/i. 

1 PITY me, Ο God, for a man hath trodden me down. Fight- 

2 ing all the day long he hath afflicted me. Mine enemies have 



PSALMS. 

trodden me down the whole day, with the day in their favour. 

3 Because they who fight against me are many, let them be con- 

4 founded. But let me trust in thee : to God let me commend 
my words. In God I have trusted all the day long : I will not 

5 fear what flesh can do to me. All the day long they spurned 
my words : all their thoughts were against me for mischief. 

6 Some are to dwell near and hide themselves : some are to 

7 watch my footsteps. As I have suffered this for my life, thou 
wilt on no account save them. In thine indignation thou wilt 

8 cast down peoples. Ο God, to thee I have unfolded my life : 
thou hast placed my tears before thee. According to thy pro- 

9 mise mine enemies shall turn back ; on the day when I invoke 

10 thee. Behold I know that thou art my God. For God let me 
approve the decree : for the Lord let me approve the word. 

1 1 In God I have put my trust ; I will not fear what man can do 

12 to me. On me, Ο God, are the vows of thy praise, which 

13 I will pay : because thou hast delivered my soul from death; 
and my feet from falling : that I may worship acceptably be- 
fore God ; in the light of the living. — 

LVII. 

For the conclusion. Destroy not. By David for a monumental 
inscription^ when he fled to the cave from the presence of Saul. 

1 BE merciful to me, Ο God ; be merciful to me. For in 
thee my soul hath trusted : and in the shadow of thy wings I 

2 will put my trust, until this iniquity pass away. I will cry to 

3 God the Most high ; to God who to me hath been kind. He 
sent from heaven and saved me. He delivered up to reproach 

4 them who were treading me down. God sent forth his mercy 
and his truth ; and delivered my soul from the midst of lions. 
I laid me down to sleep, troubled as I was. As for the sons of 
men, their teeth are weapons and darts ; and their tongue is 

5 a sharp sword. Be thou, Ο God, exalted above the heavens ; 

6 and thy glory over all the earth. They had prepared snares 
for my feet ; and had caused my soul to bow down. They 
dug a pit before me : but into it they themselves have fallen. 

7 My heart is prepared, Ο God ; my heart is prepared I will 



PSALMS. 

8 sing and to vocal join instrumental musick. Awake my glory 
— awake psaltery and kithara : I myself will awake early. I 

9 will praise thee, Ο Lord, among peoples : among nations I 

10 will hymn thy praise. For thy mercy is magnified up to hea- 

11 ven and thy truth up to the clouds. Be thou, Ο God, exalted 
above the heavens, and thy glory over all the earth. 

LVIII. 

For the conclusion. Destroy not. By David, for a monumental 

inscription. 

1 DO you indeed speak righteousness? Do you judge up- 

2 rightly, Ο sons of men ? In heart, indeed, you are working 

3 iniquity in the land : your hands are weaving injustice. From 
the womb the wicked are in a state of alienation, they have 

4 gone astray from their birth — they spoke lies. They have a 
venom like that of a serpent — like that of a deaf adder which 

5 stoppeth its ears ; which will not hearken to the voice of charm- 

6 ers ; nor to the charm administered by the wise. God hath 
broken their teeth in their mouth : the Lord hath broken the 

7 lion's grinders. They shall be despised like water passing by. 

8 He will bend his bow till they be weakened. Like melting 
wax they shall be dissolved. A fire fell and they saw not the 

9 sun. Before your bramble bush can make its prickles felt ; it 
10 will devour you as it were alive, as with wrath. The righte- 
ous will rejoice when he seeth the punishment of the wicked ; 
he will wash his hands in the blood of the sinner. And man 
will say, Since there is indeed a reward for the righteous, 
there is a God who judgeth those on the earth. 

LIX. 

For the conclusion. Destroy not. By David, for a monumental 
inscription, when Saul sent and watched his house in order to 
put him to death. 

1 DELIVER me, Ο God, from mine enemies: and redeem 

2 me from them who rise up against me. Deliver me from them 

VOL. II. 3 F 



PSALMS. 

who work iniquity ; and save me from blood thirsty men. 

3 For behold they have hunted my life : the mighty are set 
against me : though there is no transgression — no sin, Ο Lord, 

4 in me. Without transgression I ran and kept a straight course: 

5 awake to meet me and behold. Do thou, Ο Lord, the God of 
hosts, the God of Israel ! attend to visit all the nations : shew no 

6 mercy to any workers of iniquity. They are to return at even- 

7 ing; and suffer hunger like a dog, and go round the city. Behold 
they are to speak oraculously with their mouth; and have a 

8 sword in their lips ; For who heard ? But thou, Ο Lord, wilt 
laugh them to scorn. Thou canst set at nought all the nations. 

9 My strength is with thee : I will keep watch : for thou, Ο God, 

10 art my supporter. My God will cause his mercy to go before me: 

1 1 my God will display it to me among mine enemies. Slay them 
not. Perhaps they may have forgotten thy law. Scatter them 
with thy power ; and bring them back, Ο Lord, my defender. 

12 Let them be but arrested 'in their pride; the destructions at- 
tendant on their oath and falsehood, will shew the sin of their 

13 mouth, the word of their lips. Under destructive wrath they 
cannot subsist. Let them know that the God of Jacob ruleth 

14 over the ends of the earth. They are to return at evening and 

15 suffer hunger like a dog and go round the city. Let them dis- 
perse, that they may eat ; and if they are not satisfied, let them 

16 murmur. But I will sing of thy power ; and in the morning- 
exult in thy mercy : because thou wast my supporter, and my 

17 refuge in the day of my affliction. Thou art my helper ; to 
thee, Ο my God, I will sing; thou art my supporter, my God, 
my comfort. 

LX. 

For the conclusion. For those who are still to be changed. For a 
monumental inscription. By David, for instruction, when he had 
burned Syrian Mesopotamia, and Syrian Sobal ; and Joab had 
returned, when he smote in the valley of Salt, twelve thousand. 

1 Ο GOD, thou didst cast us off and destroy us ; thou wast 

2 angry, but hast had compassion on us. Thou hast shaken the 
land and troubled it. Heal the breaches of it ; for it hath been 

3 shaken. Thou hast shewn thy people hard things ; thou hast 



PSALMS. 

4 made us drink the wine of astonishment. Thou hast given to 
them who fear thee, a signal to flee from the face of the bow — 

5 that thy beloved may be delivered, save with thy right hand 

and hearken to me. God hath spoken in his sanctuary. I shall 
rejoice and divide Sikima, and mete out the valley of tents. 

7 Galaad is mine; and mine is Manasses : Ephraim is the strength 

8 of my head ; Juda, my king ; Moab is the cauldron of my 
hope. Over Idumea I will extend my march : to me the Phi- 

9 listines are subjected. Who will lead me to the fortified city : 

10 who will guide me to Idumea? Wilt not thou, Ο God, who 
didst cast us off — wilt not thou, Ο God, go out with our ar- 

1 1 mies ? Grant us help, because of affliction ; safety from man 

12 is indeed vain. Through God we can exert power, he can 
bring to nothing them who afflict us. 

LXI. 

For the conclusion. Among the Hymns. By David. 

1 HEAR, Ο God, my supplication : attend to this prayer of 

2 mine. From the extremity of the land, I cried to thee, when 
my heart began to despond : at Petra thou didst raise me up, 

:3 and conduct me. Because thou hast been my hope — a strong 

4 tower from the face of a foe ; I shall dwell at thy tabernacle 

5 forever — I shall be sheltered in the covert of thy wings. Be- 
cause thou, Ο God, hast heard my prayer — hast given a pos- 

6 session to them who fear thy name ; thou wilt add days to the 

7 days of a king, and prolong his years to endless ages ; he will 
continue forever in the presence of God. Ο that every of them 

8 may find out his mercy and truth ! So will 1 sing to thy name 
forever, that I may, day by day, perform my vows. 

LXII. 

For the conclusion. For Idithun. A Psalm. By David. 

1 SHALL not my soul be subjected to God "? For from him is 

2 my salvation. For my God and my Saviour himself, is my sup- 

3 porter — I shall never any more be shaken. How long will you 



PSALMS. 

set yourselves against a man ? You are all committing murder, 

4 as with a bended wall and a rampart pushed down. But they 
had determined to pull down my honour. 1 was fleeing in thirst; 
with their mouth they blessed, but with their heart they im- 

5 precated curses. But be thou, Ο my soul, subjected to God : 

6 for from him is mine expectation. Because my God and my 
Saviour himself, is my support ; I shall no more wander as an 

7 exile. In God is my safety and my glory ; he is the God of my 

8 help, and on God is my reliance. Trust in him all ye congre- 
gated people : pour out your hearts before him ; for God is our 

9 helper. But as for the vain sons of men — the lying sons of men; 

10 Even in an unfair balance they are altogether vanity. Trust 
not in oppression — nor eagerly covet plunder; if riches flow in, 

11 set not your heart on them. Once God hath spoken; these two 
things I have heard : That strength belongeth to God, and that 
mercy, Ο Lord, is thine : that thou wilt render to every one 
according to his works. 

LXIII. 

Λ Psalm by David, when he was in the wilderness ofldumea. 

1 Ο GOD, my God! to approach thee, I rise early. My 
soul thirsted for thee. For thee [I thirst] with all the vehe- 
ment desire with which my flesh pines in a land, desert, track- 

2 less and without water. Thus have I appeared to thee in the 

3 sanctuary; that I might see thy power and thy glory. Because 
thy kindness is better than life; my lips shall continually praise 

4 thee. Thus will I bless thee while I live : and in thy name I 

5 will lift up my hands. Let my soul be filled as with marrow 

6 and fatness : that my joyful lips may praise thy name. If I 
recollected thee on my bed : in the morning watches I medi- 

7 tated on thee. Because thou hast been my helper : therefore in 

8 the shadow of thy wings I will rejoice. My soul hath kept 

9 close to thee : thy right hand hath supported me. But as for 
these who sought my life in vain; they shall go to the lowest 

10 parts of the earth. They shall be delivered up to the edge of 

11 the sword: they shall be portions for jackals. But the joy of 
the king will be in God. Every one who sweareth by him 



PSALMS. 

shall glory; because the mouth of them who speak lies is 
stopped. 

LXIV. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. 

1 HEAR, Ο God, my prayer when I invoke thee. From the 

2 fear of an enemy deliver my soul. Thou hast sheltered me 
from the conspiracy of wicked men — from the multitude of 

3 them who are working iniquity. They sharpened their tongues 

4 like a sword : they bent a bow, a bitter thing, to shoot secret- 
ly a blameless man: They are to shoot him suddenly and not 

5 be afraid. They strengthened for themselves an evil matter : 

6 they talked of hiding snares, saying, Who can see us? They 
searched for iniquity : they failed in the search. A man is to 

7 come with a deep heart; and God is to be exalted. Their 
wounds became the dart of infants : when their tongues vili- 

8 fied him. All that saw them were troubled : Then every man 

9 was afraid. Then they rehearsed the works of God; then they 
10 understood his doings. Let the righteous rejoice in the Lord 

and trust in him : and let all the upright in heart be praised. 

LXV. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm by David. An Ode. 

1 TO thee, Ο God, a hymn in Sion is seemly : and to thee 

2 a vow should be paid. Hearken to my prayer. To thee all flesh 

3 should come. The acts of transgressors prevailed over us : but 

4 thou canst pardon our sins. Happy he, whom thou hast chosen 

5 and taken to thyself ! He shall dwell in thy courts. Let us be 
satisfied with the good tilings of thy house : thy temple is holy. 

6 Thou art wonderful for righteousness : hear us Ο God, our 
Saviour. Thou art the hope of all the ends of the earth : and 
of them at sea far off. Thou establishest the mountains by 

7 thy power : thou art begirt with majesty. Thou causest the 

8 cavity of the sea to rage; the billows thereof to roar. When 
nations are troubled and the inhabitants on its borders terri- 
fied at thy signs; thou canst make the outgoings of the morn- 



PSALMS. 

9 ing and evening joyous. Thou hast visited the earth and wa- 
tered it : thou hast multiplied the means of enriching it. The 
river of God is full of water: thou hast provided the supply 

10 for it. Because such is thy provision, O! water its furrows 
plenteously : multiply its productions. By these showers on it, 
it will be gladdened; and will give a spring to vegetation. 

1 1 Bless the crown of the year with thy goodness : and let the 

12 fields be filled with fatness — let the mountains of the wilder- 

13 ness be made fertile; and the hills be girt with joy. The rams 
of the flocks have clothed themselves : and the valleys abound 
with corn. Let them shout and hymn thy praise. 

LXVI. 

For the conclusion. An Ode of a Psalm. On the resurrection. 

1 SHOUT for God in triumphant strains, all ye lands. Sing 

2 harmoniously to his name, ascribe glory to his praise. Say to 

3 God, How awful are thy works! For the greatness of thy 

4 power, let thine enemies submit to thee. Let all the earth 
worship thee. With music vocal and instrumental let them 
sing to thee — let them sing harmoniously to thy name. 

5 Come and see the works of God! He is awful in counsels 

6 touching the sons of men. He it is who turned the sea into 
dry land; that they might march on foot through a flood. 

7 There let us rejoice in him who ruleth by his everlasting pow- 
er. His eyes look down on the nations. Let not the rebellious 
exalt themselves. 

8 Ο ! Bless our God, ye nations; and cause the sound of 

9 his praise to be heard. He it is who hath kept my soul alive; 

10 and hath not given my feet to the briny deep. For thou, Ο 

11 God, didst prove us, thou hast tried us as silver is tried. Thou 
didst bring us into the net : thou didst lay affliction on our 

12 back : thou didst mount men over our heads; we have passed 
through fire and water. But thou hast brought us to a place of 

13 rest. I will go to thy house with whole burnt offerings : To 

14 thee I will perform my vows; which my lips have enjoined; 

15 and which my mouth spoke in my affliction. To thee I will 
offer whole burnt offerings; full of marrow, with frankincense 
and rams. To thee I will sacrifice bullocks and goats. 



PSALMS. 

16 Come, hearken, all ye who fear God, and I will tell you 

17 what he hath done for my soul. To him I uttered a cry with 
my mouth; and with my tongue repeated this aloud. 

18 If I have regarded iniquity in my heart; let not the Lord 

19 hearken. For this cause God hearkened to me : he attended to 

20 the sound of my prayer. Blessed be God who hath not reject- 
ed my prayer; nor turned away his mercy from me. 

LXVII. 

For the conclusion. Among the Hymns. A Psalm by David. 

1 GOD be merciful to us, and bless us; and may he cause 

2 his face to shine on us. Because of knowing thy way on the 

3 earth, thy salvation among all nations ; let peoples praise thee, 

4 Ο God, let all peoples praise thee. Let nations be glad and re- 
joice, because thou judgest peoples righteously, and wilt guide 

5 nations on the earth. Let peoples praise thee, Ο God, let all 

6 peoples praise thee. The earth hath yielded its increase: may 

7 God, our God, bless us ! May God bless us ! And let all the 
ends of the earth fear him. 

LXVIII. 

For the conclusion. By David. A Psalm of an Ode. 

1 LET God arise and his enemies be scattered ; and let them 

2 who hate him flee before him. As smoke vanisheth, let them 
disappear : as wax melteth before fire, so let sinners perish at 

3 the presence of God. But let them who are righteous rejoice 

let them shout for joy at the presence of God — let them be 
transported with gladness. 

4 2. Sing to God; celebrate his name in songs: make way 
for him who is riding westward. His name is the Lord, rejoice 

5 before him. Let them be awed at the presence of him, who is 
the father of the fatherless, and the judge of them who are wi- 

6 dows. God is in a place consecrated to him : God settleth the 
lonely in a family, having brought out with strength them who 
had been bound; in like manner them who were rebellious — 
them, whose habitation is now in tombs. 



PSALMS. 

7 3. When thou, Ο God, wentest forth before thy people * 

8 when thou wast marching through the wilderness ; the earth 
shook and the heavens dissolved in showers at the presence of 

9 the God of Sina — at the presence of the God of Israel. Thou, 
Ο God, canst assign to thy heritage rain, at pleasure ; when 

10 they were fainty thou didst refresh them. Thine animals dwell 
among them : in thy goodness thou didst provide for the dis- 
tressed. 

11 4. God the Lord will issue an order to them, who publish 

12 good news to the mighty host — the king of the armies of the 
Beloved [to the army] of the Beloved, to divide spoils for beau- 

13 tifying the house. Though you may have slept in kitchens; 
the wings of a dove covered with silver, while its back is spang- 

14 led with yellow gold, shall, when the Almighty scattereth kings 
before it, be white as the snow on Sehuon. 

15 5. The mountain of God! a fertile mountain! Is a curdled 

16 mountain a fertile mountain? But why do you suppose curdled 
mountains? This is the mount on which God is pleased to dwell, 
for the Lord will at length dwell there. 

17 6. The chariots of God are innumerable: there are thou- 
sands of happy attendants. The Lord was among them at Sina. 

18 In this holy place having ascended on high thou hast led cap- 
tivity captive ; and received gifts in the manner of man in to- 

19 ken (for some were incredulous) of thy dwelling there. Bless- 
ed be the Lord God ! Blessed be the Lord. Day by day let the 
God of our salvation prosper us ! 

20 7. Our God is the God to save; and to the Lord belong 

21 the out goings of death. But God will crush the heads of his 
enemies — the hairy head of them who persist in their trespas- 

22 ses. The Lord said, I will bring back from Basan ; I will bring 

23 back through the depths of a sea; that thy foot may be dip- 
ped in blood — the tongue of thy dogs, in that of his enemies. 

24 8. Thy marches, Ο God, have been seen — the marches of 

25 my God, my king, in this holy place. The chiefs went before- 
next to the band of musick, in the midst of damsels playing 

26 on timbrels, " bless ye God in assemblies — the Lord, ye from 

27 the fountains of Israel." There was young Benjamin in a rap- 
ture; there the chiefs of Juda, the leaders; the chiefs of Zabu- 

28 Ion, the chiefs of Nephthaleim. Command, Ο God, thine army; 



PSALMS. 

strengthen this, Ο God, which thou hast established among us. 

29 Because of thy temple at Jerusalem, let kings bring thee gifts. 

30 Rebuke the wild beasts of the reed, that the silvery shoals may 
not be intercepted. Is there- an assembly of bulls among the 
heifers of the people? Scatter the nations which delight in war. 

31 9. Ambassadors shall come from Egypt; Ethiopia shall 

32 stretch out her hands to God. Ο ye kingdoms of the earth, 

33 sing to God — sing to the Lord in harmonious strains ; in har- 
monious strains sing to God, who rode on the eastern heaven 
of heaven. Behold with his voice he will utter a voice of power. 

34 Ascribe ye glory to God. His excellency is over Israel; and 

35 his power is in the clouds. God is awful among his saints : he 
is the God of Israel. He will give power and strength to his 
people. Blessed be our God ! 

LXIX. 

For the conclusion. Respecting them who are to be changed. 

By David. 

1 SAVE me, Ο God ; for waters have broken in on my soul. 

2 I am sunk down into deep mire, and there is no support be- 
neath. I am come into the depth of the sea, and a tempest hath 

3 overwhelmed me. I am weary with crying; my throat is hoarse; 

4 and mine eyes fail while I wait for my God. They who hate 
me without cause are more than the hairs of my head. Mine 
enemies who persecute me wrongfully are become strong. I 
have made compensation on the spot for what I did not take by 

5 violence. Thou, Ο God, knowest my folly — and my trespas- 

6 ses are not hid from thee. Let not them who wait for thee, Ο 
Lord of hosts, be put to shame on my account. Let not them 
be put to confusion for my sake, who are seeking thee, Ο God 

7 of Israel. Because for thy sake I have borne reproach, confu- 

8 sion hath covered my face. To my brethren I am become an 

9 alien, and a stranger to the children of my mother. For my 
zeal for thy house hath consumed me ; and on me have fallen 

10 the reproaches of them, who reproached thee. When I bowed 
down my soul with fasting; it furnished occasion for reproach- 

1 1 ing me. When I clothed myself with sackcloth. I became to 

vol. it. 3 c 



PSALMS. 

12 them a proverb — they who sat in the gate spoke against me -, 

13 and they who drank wine, made me their song. But to thee, 
Ο Lord, I, in my prayer, applied : it was a time of favour. Ο 
God, in the multitude of thy mercy — in the truth of thy salva- 

14 tion, hearken to me. Save me from mire that I may not sink 
down. Let me be delivered from them who hate me and out 

15 of this depth of waters. Let not a flood of water overwhelm me, 
nor a whirlpool swallow me up, nor a pit shut its mouth up- 

16 on me. Hear me, Ο Lord, for thy loving kindness is good ; 
according to thine abundant mercy, look down upon me. 

17 Turn not away thy face from thy servant ; because I am in 

18 distress, hear me speedily. Draw near to my soul and redeem 

19 it ; deliver me, because of mine enemies. For thou knowest my 
reproach, and my shame and my confusion ; all mine adversa- 

20 ries are before thee. My soul expected reproach and misery. 
I waited for a condoler, but there was none — for a comforter, 

21 but none could I find. They indeed have given me gall for my 

22 food, and for my thirst, have made me drink vinegar. Let 
their table before them become a snare and a recompence and a 

23 stumbling block. Let their eyes be darkened that they may not 

24 see, and bow down their neck continually. Pour out thine in- 
dignation upon them, and let thy wrathful ire take hold of 

25 them. Let their fold be desolate, and in their dwellings no in- 

26 habitant. Because him, whom thou smotest, they persecuted, 

27 and have added to the pains of my wounds ; add thou iniquity 
to their iniquity, and let them not come into thy righteousness. 

28 Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not 

29 be enrolled with the righteous. I am afflicted — I am full of 
pain ; but the salvation of thy countenance hath upheld me. 

30 I will praise the name of my God with an Ode : I will mag- 

3 1 nify him with thanksgiving ; this indeed will be more pleasing 

32 to God than a young bull with horns and hoofs. Let the afflict- 
ed behold and rejoice: seek God diligently and you shall live. 

33 For the Lord hath hearkened to the needy, and hath not despis- 

34 ed his prisoners. Let the heavens and the earth praise him — 

35 the sea and all that move therein. For God will save Sion, and 
the cities of Judea shall be rebuilded, and the seed of his ser- 
vants shall dwell there. They shall inherit it and possess it ; 
and they who love his name shall dwell therein. 



PSALMS. 
LXX. 

For the conclusion. By David. For a memorial, that the Lord 

hath saved me. 

1 Ο GOD, draw near to my assistance: Ο Lord, make haste 

2 to help me. Let them who seek my life be shamed and con- 
founded ; let them be turned back and put to shame who wish 

3 me evils. Let them who say to me, Ha ! ha ! be turned back 

4 suddenly, covered with shame. Let all who seek thee exult, 
and rejoice for thee. Let them who love thy salvation, say con- 

5 tinually, Let God be magnified. As for me, I am afflicted and 
needy ; Ο God, assist me. Thou art my help and my deliver- 
er : Ο Lord, make no delay. 

LXXI. 

By David. Sung by the children ofJonadah, and the first captives. 

1 IN thee, Ο Lord, I have put my trust : let me never be 

2 put to confusion. In thy saving mercy deliver me and re- 

3 scue me : incline thine ear to me and save me. Be thou to 
me a protecting God, and a place of strength to save me : 

4 for thou art my fortress and my refuge. Ο my God, deli- 
ver me out of a sinner's hand — out of the hand of an un- 

5 righteous and cruel man. For thou, Ο Lord, art mine expec- 

6 tation — thou, Lord, art my hope, from my youth ; upon thee 
I have leaned from the womb : from my birth thou art my pro- 

7 tector ; thou art the constant subject of my song. To many I 

8 became a wonder ; but thou wast my powerful assistant. Let 
my mouth be filled with praise, that I may celebrate thy glory 

9 — thy majesty, all the day long. Cast me not off in the time of 

10 old age : forsake me not when my strength faileth. Because 
mine enemies have said to me — nay, my life guards have con- 

11 suited together, saying, " God hath forsaken him ; pursue and 

12 take him, for he hath no deliverer." Ο God, be not far from 

13 me ; draw near, Ο my God, to my assistance. Let them who 
plot against my life be confounded, and perish ; — let them, 
who seek to do me hurt, be cloathed with shame and confu- 

14 sion. But as for me, I will hope continually ; and I will yet 



PSALMS. 

15 praise thee more and more. My mouth shall proclaim thy sa- 
ving mercy — thy salvation all the day long. Because I am un- 

16 practised in studies I will go in the strength of the Lord; I will 

17 mention the saving mercy of thee, Ο Lord, alone. Thou, Ο 
God, hast taught me from my youth : and thus far I can de- 

18 clare thy wonders — even to old age and grey hairs. Ο God, 
forsake me not, till I declare thine arm to the rising genera- 

19 tion — thy power and thy righteousness, Ο God most High — 
the great things which thou hast done. Who is like thee, Ο 

20 God? Ο what afflictions many and sore hast thou shewn me I 
But thou hast returned and quickened me; and brought me up 

21 again from the depths of the earth. Thou hast multiplied thy 
saving mercy : thou hast returned and comforted me ; and 

22 hast brought me up again from the depths of the earth. There- 
fore with a musical instrument I will praise thee — thy truth, 
Ο God : I will sing and play on a kithara to thee, the holy one 

23 of Israel. My lips shall rejoice, when I play to thee; my soul 

24 also which thou hast redeemed. My tongue shall still talk of 
thy saving mercy all the day long, when they, who seek my 
hurt are shamed and confounded. 

LXXII. 

For Solomon. 

1 Ο GOD give the king thy judgment; and thy righteous- 

2 ness to the king's son. That he may judge thy people with 

3 righteousness; and thy distressed ones with judgment. Let 
the mountains and the hills resume peace for thy people : 

4 Let him judge righteously such of the people as are distress- 
ed; and save the children of the needy : and humble oppres- 

5 sors : and continue, as long as the sun and moon, through all 

6 generations. Let him descend like rain on a fleece; and like 

7 showers gently falling on the ground. In his days let right- 
eousness spring up, with abundance of peace, till the moon is 

8 no more. And let him rule from sea to sea; and from the river 

9 to the limits of the world. Let the Ethiopeans bow down be- 
10 fore him; and let his enemies lick the dust. Let the kings of 



PSALMS. 

Tharsis and the isles bring gifts; the kings of the Arabs and 

11 Saba offer presents. Let all the kings pay him homage — all the 

12 nations serve as vassals. Because he delivered the poor from 

13 the oppressor, and the needy who had no helper: he will 
spare the afflicted and needy; and save the lives of those in 

14 distress — from usury and injustice he will redeem their lives; 

15 and their name will be precious in his sight : and he shall live, 
and to him shall be given of the gold of Arabia ; and prayer 
shall be made for him continually : and he will be blessed all 

16 the day long. Let there be in the land a settlement on the tops 
of the mountains; the fruit thereof will overtop Libanus : and 

17 they of a city shall flourish like the grass of the earth. Let his 
name be blessed for ever ! His name shall endure longer than 
the sun : and by him all the tribes of the earth shall be blessed. 

18 All the nations shall hail him happy. Blessed be the Lord the 

19 God of Israel; who alone doth wonderful things. And blessed 
be his glorious name for ever and ever : and let all the earth be 
filled with his glory. Amen. Amen. 

An intermission of the Hymns of David son of Jessai. 

LXXIII. 

A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 HOW good is God to Israel ! To such as are upright in 

2 heart ! But as for me, my feet were almost gone : my steps 

3 had well nigh slipped : for I envied the unrighteous; when I 

4 saw the prosperity of sinners. For there is no lifting up of eyes 

5 in their death : and in their affliction they have support. They 
are not in trouble like other men; nor with other men to be 

6 scourged. Therefore haughtiness hath got a mastery over 
them — they have clothed themselves with their iniquity and 

7 impiety. Their iniquity springeth up as it were out of fatness; 

8 they passed on to the purpose of their heart. They thought 
and spoke wickedly — they spoke injustice with a lofty air. 

9 They set their mouth against heaven; and their tongue passed 
on over the earth. Shall my people therefore turn to this; and 



PSALMS. 

11 will full days be found by them? They indeed said, How 
doth God know? and, Is there any knowledge in the Most 

12 High? Behold these who are sinful men; are always prosper- 

13 ous and have gotten wealth. Nay, I myself said, Have I then 
in vain kept my heart just; and washed my hands in innocen- 

14 cy. All the day long I have been scourged; and the accusation 

15 against me is renewed every morning. Had I said, I will make 
such a declaration openly : I should have been treacherous to 

16 the generation of thy children. I therefore supposed, the 

17 trouble of knowing this is before me. When I go to the 

18 sanctuary of God; I may understand the final issue. It is but 
for their frauds thou hast dealt thus with them. Thou hast 

19 overthrown them by their exaltation. Ο ! how they were for 
destruction ! They are gone in a moment ! They perished for 

20 their iniquity ! As a dream of one awaked out of sleep. Thou, 

21 Ο Lord, in thy city wilt spurn their ghost; therefore my heart 

22 was cheered and my reins were changed. I indeed was despi- 
cable for my want of knowledge : I was brutish as a beast be- 

23 fore thee. As for me I shall be with thee continually : thou hast 

24 held me by my right hand : with thy counsel thou hast guid- 

25 ed me, and taken me to thyself with glory. For what is there 
in heaven for me; or what on earth have I desired, besides 

26 thee? Hath my heart and my flesh failed? God is the strength 

27 of my heart — God is my portion forever. Seeing they who 
withdrew themselves from thee, shall perish — thou hast cut 

28 oif every one who goeth a whoring from thee : It is therefore 
good for me to cleave to God — to place my hope upon the 
Lord : that I may publish all thy praises in the gates of the 
daughter of Sion. 

LXXIV. 

Of understanding. By Asaph. 

1 Ο GOD, why hast thou utterly cast off? Why is thy wrath 

2 extreme against the sheep of thy pasture ? Remember thy 
congregation which thou hast purchased of old ; this portion 
of thine inheritance which thou hast redeemed ; this mount 

3 Sion on which thou hast dwelt. Lift up thy hands against their 



PSALMS. 

perpetual haughtiness ; for all that the enemy hath wickedly 

4 done in thy Holies. They who hate thee have indeed triumph- 
ed : in the midst of thy festival they set up their own signs : 

5 The signs pointing to the entrance above they did not know. 
As if in a forest of trees, they cut down with axes the doors 

6 of that entrance. Then with hatchets and mattocks they broke 

7 it down. They burned thy sanctuary to the ground with fire : 

8 they profaned the habitation of thy name. They said, The 
whole brood of them are in their heart set upon this : come, 
let us cause to cease from the land the festivals of the Lord. 

9 The signs peculiarly ours we do not see : there is no more a 

10 prophet ; nor will he any more acknowledge us. How long 
Ο God, shall the enemy reproach ? Shall the adversary blas- 

11 pheme thy name forever? Why dost thou withdraw thy hand? 
Let thy right hand be ever out of thy bosom. 

12 God was indeed our king of old. He wrought deliverance 

13 in the midst of this land. Thou by thy power didst exercise 
dominion over the sea : thou didst crush the heads of the dra- 

14 gons in the water. Thou didst crush the heads of the dragon : 

15 thou gavest him to be meat for the Ethiopean tribes. Thou 
didst cause springs and torrents to burst forth. Thou didst 

16 dry up the rivers of Etham. Thine is the day and the night 

17 is thine : it is thou who preparedst the sun and moon. Thou 
hast made all the borders of the earth : summer } and spring 

18 were made by thee. Remember this creation of thine. An 
enemy hath reproached the Lord ; a foolish people hath blas- 

19 phemed thy name. Deliver not up to the wild beasts a soul 
which praiseth thee. Forget not forever the souls of thy afflict- 

20 ed people. Have respect to thy covenant, because the dark 
places of this land have been filled with habitations of ini- 

21 quity ; let not him who hath been humbled and shamed be 
utterly scorned : let the afflicted and needy praise thy name. 

22 Arise, Ο God, plead thine own cause : remember the re- 

23 proaches cast on thee, all day long, by a fool. Forget not the 
voice of thy suppliants : let the pride of them, who hate thee, 
ascend continuallv before thee. 



PSALMS. 
LXXV. 

For the conclusion. Destroy not. A Psalm of an Ode by Asaph. 

1 (p) LET us praise thee, Ο God ; let us praise and invoke thy 

2 name. Let me proclaim all thy wonderous works. (J )When I find 

3 a suitable time, I execute righteous judgment. (p)The land, with 
all its inhabitants, is wasted. ( J )It was I who strengthened the pil- 

4 lars thereof. I ordered the transgressors not to transgress, and 

5 said to sinners, Exalt not a horn. Lift not up your horn on 

6 high ; speak not iniquity against God. For it is neither from 

7 east nor from west, nor is it from desart mountains ; for God 

8 is judge ; — he humbleth one and he exalteth another. For in 
the hand of the Lord there is a cup, filled with mixed wine of 
horror ; and out of this he hath poured into that : but the dregs 
of it are not emptied out ; all the sinners of the land shall drink 

9 it. (p) Let me then exult with joy forever, and tune my lyre for 
the God of Jacob. (J) I will break all the horns of sinners, but 
the horn of the righteous shall be exalted. 

LXXVI. 

For the conclusion with hymns. A Psalm by Asaph. An Ode on 

the Assyrians. 

1 IN Judea, God is known ; his name is great in Israel. His 

2 place was in Eirene ; and his dwelling is on Sion. There he 

3 broke the strong bows, armour, and sword and battle. 

4 From everlasting mountains, thou shinest marvellously ; 

5 all the foolish hearted, were struck with consternation. All 
those mighty men have slept their sleep, and found nothing 

G of their wealth for their hands. At thy rebuke, Ο God of Jacob, 

7 they who had mounted their horses fell fast asleep. Thou art 
terrible ; who therefore can withstand thee, on the account of 

8 thine indignation; From heaven thou didst cause the sentence to 

9 be heard; the earth was terrified and was still : when God arose 



(p) The Prophet. (J) Jehovah. 



PSALMS. 

10 for judgment, to save all the meek in heart. Since the secret 
purpose of man can contribute to thy praise, let the remainder 

11 of it cause a festival to be celebrated for thee. Vow and pay 
your vows to the Lord our God : let all around him bring 

12 gifts to him who is awful — to him who taketh away the spirits 
of chiefs — to him who is terrible to the kings of the earth. 

LXXV1I. 

For the conclusion. For Idithun. A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 WITH my voice I cried to the Lord, and my voice was to 

2 God, and he hearkened to me. In the day of my affliction I 
sought God with my hands in the night before him ; and I was 

3 not disappointed. My soul had refused to be comforted ; I re- 
membered God and was made glad — I meditated, though my 

4 spirit was in despondency. All mine enemies had previously 

5 mounted guard ; I was troubled and did not speak. I consider- 
ed die days of old : I recollected the years of ancient times ; 

6 I meditated at night — I conversed with my heart — I searched 

7 my spirit diligently. Will the Lord cast off forever, and will he 

8 no more be favourable ? Will he entirely cut off mercy, from 

9 generation to generation ? Will God forget to be gracious ? 
Will he in his anger restrain his compassion ? 

10 Then I said, I have now made a beginning ; this is the 

11 change of the right hand of the Most High. I called to re- 
membrance the works of the Lord. Seeing I can remember 

12 thy wonders of old : let me therefore meditate on all thy works, 

13 and muse on thine institutions. Ο God, thy way is in that 

14 which is holy ; what God is great as our God ? Thou art the 
God who worketh miracles : thou hast made thy power known 

15 among the tribes. With thine arm thou didst redeem this peo- 

16 pie of thine — the children of Jacob and Joseph. The waters 
saw thee, Ο God ! — the waters saw thee and were terrified, 

17 and the deep gulphs were troubled. Great was the roaring of 
the waters ; the clouds uttered a sound : for thy bolts were 

18 passing through them. The sound of thy thunder was in the 
round expanse : thy lightnings illumed the world ; the earth 

19 shook and trembled. Thy way was through the sea, and thy 

VOL. II. 3 Jl 



PSALMS. 

paths thrqugh many waters ; but thy footsteps could not be 
known. Thou leddest thy people like a flock : by the ministry 
of Moses and Aaron. 

LXXVIII. 

On understanding. By Asaph. 

1 ATTEND, my people, to my law; incline your ears to the 

2 words of my mouth, ΐ will open my mouth with parables — I 

3 will utter dark sayings of old ; — such as we have heard and 

4 known, which our fathers have related to us. They were not 
hid from their children : one generation told another the 
praises of the Lord, his acts of power, and the wonders which 

5 he hath done. Thus he raised up a testimony in Jacob, and esta- 
blished a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers to make 

6 known to their children : that the succeeding generation — the 
children to be born, might know it, and rise and tell the same 

7 to their children : that they might put their trust in God, and 
not forget the works of God, but seek diligently his command- 

8 ments — that they might not be like their fathers — a perverse 
and rebellious generation — a generation which set not their 
hearts aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God. 

9 The sons of Ephraim, who bend and shoot the bow, were 

10 turned back in the day of battle. They did not keep the cove- 

11 nantofGod, and would not walk in his law. They indeed 
forgot his acts of kindness — those wonders of his which he 

12 had shewn them — wonders which he did in the sight of their 

13 fathers : in the land of Egypt, in the plain of Tanis. He had 
cleft the sea and led them through it ; he had stayed the waters 

14 as in a bottle. He had led them with a cloud by day, and all the 

15 night long with a light of fire ; he had cleft a rock in the wil- 

1 6 derness, and given them drink as from a great abyss ; he had 
brought water out of a rock, and caused streams to flow down 

17 like rivers : But still they proceeded to sin against him — they 

18 provoked the Most High in a desert. Still they made trial of 
God in their hearts, by asking for meats to their appetites. 

19 Nay, they spoke against God and said, " Can God provide a 

20 table in a desert ? When he smote a rock, waters gushed out, 
and streams swelled to an overflowing flood. But can He also 

21 give bread, or provide a table for his people ?" Therefore the 



PSALMS. 

Lord heard and was provoked ; and a fire was kindled among 

22 Jacob; and wrath came up against Israel. Because they believ- 
ed not in God, nor trusted in his salvation. 

23 Though he had commanded the clouds above, and had 

24 opened the doors of heaven, and had rained down manna for 

25 them to eat, and had given them the bread of heaven, (Man 
was eating the bread of angels) he sent meat for them to sa- 

26 tiety. He removed the south east wind out of heaven, and by 

27 his power brought on the south west : and rained upon them 
flesh, like dust : and feathered fowls as the sand of the sea ; 

28 they fell in the midst of their encampment, and all around their 

29 habitation. Though they ate and were filled abundantly, and 

30 he had given them their desire ; their longing desire was not 

3 1 stayed ; therefore while the meat was still in their mouth, the 
anger of God came up against them, and slew them amidst 
their fat viands, and fettered the chosen men of Israel. 

32 Notwithstanding all these things they still sinned, and did 

33 not believe his wonderous works; therefore their days glided 
away in vanity, and their years were attended with impatience. 

34 When he smote them and they sought him, and returned and 

35 inquired early after God, and remembered that God was their 

36 helper, and that God the Most High was their redeemer; though 
they expressed love for him with their mouth, they lied to him 

37 with their tongue, and their heart was not right with him, nor 

38 were they stedfast in his covenant. But he being merciful for- 
gave their sins, and would not utterly destroy them. Yea, many 
a time did he turn away his wrath, and would not suffer all his 

39 wrath to blaze forth : for he remembered that they were flesh — 
a breath going out and not again returning. 

40 How often did they provoke him in the wilderness, and 

41 excite him to anger in the desert? They actually turned back 
and tempted God, and provoked to wrath the holy One of Is- 

42 rael. They remembered not his hand, on the day when he res- 

43 cued them out of the hand of an oppressor; how he had dis- 
played his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the plain of Ta- 

44 nis; and had turned their rivers into blood, and their cisterns 

45 so that they could not drink — had sent against them the dog fly 
which devoured them, and swarms of frogs which destroyed 

46 them ; and had given their crops to the canker worm, and their 



PSALMS. 

47 labours to the locust — had smitten their vineyards with hail, 

48 and their sycamine trees with frost ; and delivered up their cat- 

49 tie to hail, and their substance to the fire — having sent out 
against them his fierce anger, wrath and indignation and afflic- 

50 tion — a mission executed by evil angels: he paved a way for 
his vengeance — he spared not their lives from death : he deli- 

5 1 vered up their cattle to pestilence, and smote every first born 
in the land of Egypt — the first fruits of their labours in the tents 

52 of Cham ; and brought out his people like sheep, and led them 

53 like a flock in the desert, and guided them safely, so that they 
were not afraid, though the sea overwhelmed their enemies; 

54 and brought them to the mount of his holiness — to this moun- 

55 tain which his right hand purchased; and drove out nations 
from before them, and gave them by lot their several portions, 
and settled in their dwellings the tribes of Israel. 

56 Still they tempted and provoked God the Most High, and 

57 did not keep his testimonies; but turned back and broke co- 
venant like their fathers. They turned aside like a deceitful 

58 bow. They provoked him with their mounts, and with their 

59 graven images moved him to jealousy. God heard and despised 

60 them and greatly contemned Israel, and he abandoned the ta- 
bernacle of Selom — the tent in which he had dwelt among men; 

61 and delivered up their strength to captivity, and their glory in- 

62 to an enemy's hand; and gave up his people to the sword, and 

63 slighted his inheritance. A fire consumed their young men, 

64 and their virgins made no lamentation. Their priests fell by 
the sword and their widows are not to bewail them. 

65 At length the Lord awaked as one out of sleep, as a mighty 

66 man recovered from wine; and he smote his enemies in the 

67 hinder parts, and cast an everlasting reproach on them. But he 
rejected the habitation of Joseph, and did not chuse the tribe 

68 of Ephraim ; but made choice of the tribe of Juda — of this 

69 mount Sion which he loved, and built his sanctuary like that 

70 of unicorns; in this land he founded it for this age, and he 
chose David his servant and took him from the flocks of sheep 

71 — he took him from tending the ewes with young to feed his 

72 servant Jacob and Israel his inheritance. And he fed them in 
the integrity of his heart, and guided them by the skill of his 
hands. 



PSALMS. 
LXXIX. 

A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 Ο GOD, nations are come into thine inheritance : they have 
polluted thy holy temple. They have made Jerusalem a de- 

2 pository for summer fruits. They have given the carcasses of 
thy servants to be meat for the birds of the air — the flesh of thy 

3 saints, to the wild beasts of the earth. They have poured out 
their blood like water round Jerusalem ; and there was none 

4 to bury them. We are become a reproach to our neighbours — 

5 A scoff and a derision to them around us. How long, Ο Lord, 
wilt thou be angry ? Shall thy jealousy burn like fire forever? 

6 Pour out thy wrath on the nations that have not acknowledged 
thee ; and on kingdoms which have not invoked thy name. 

7 For they have devoured Jacob, and laid "waste this place of 

8 his. Remember not our former iniquities: let thy tender mer- 

9 cies overtake us speedily : as we are greatly distressed ; help 
us, Ο God, our saviour : for the glory of thy name deliver us; 

10 and pardon our sins for thy name's sake. Perhaps they may 
say among the nations, Where is their God ? Let therefore 
the avengement of the blood of thy servants, which hath been 

11 shed ; be known among the nations in our sight. Let the 
groans of the prisoners come before thee. According to the 
mighty power of thine arm ; protect the children of them who 

12 are slain. Retribute to these neighbours of ours — into their 
bosom seven fold ; their reproach, with which they have re- 

13 proached thee, Ο Lord. For we are thy people and the sheep 
of thy pasture : to thee we will render thanks forever : we 
will proclaim thy praise to all generations, 

LXXX. 

For the conclusion. Respecting them who are to be changed. A 
testimony. By Asaph. A Psalm respecting the Assyrian. 

1 GIVE ear, Ο shepherd of Israel ! Who leadest Joseph like 

2 a flock — thou who art enthroned on the cherubim ; shine forth 
before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasses : stir up thy 



PSALMS. 

3 strength and come for our salvation. Turn us, Ο God; and 

4 let thy face shine ; and we shall be saved. Ο Lord, the God 
of hosts ! How long wilt thou continue thine anger, against 

5 the prayer of this servant of thine ? How long wilt thou feed 
us with bread of tears; and give us tears to drink by measure ? 

6 Thou hast made us a mocking stock to our neighbours : and 

7 our enemies have derided us. Ο Lord, the God of hosts, 
bring us back ; and let thy face shine and we shall be saved. 

8 Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt : thou hast cast out 

9 nations and planted it. Thou didst prepare the May before it; 

10 and plant its roots and the land was filled : and its shade 
obscured mountains : and its branchy shoots, the cedars of 

11 God. It extended its branches quite to the sea ; and its spread- 

12 ing boughs quite to the river. Why hast thou broken down 

13 its hedge ; that all who pass by the way, may pluck it f The 
boar from the forest hath laid it waste ; and a savage beast 

14 hath devoured it. Ο God of hosts, return we beseech thee; 

15 look down from heaven and see and visit this vine : and re- 
pair that which thy right hand hath planted — even for the son 

16 of man, whom thou madest strong for thyself. It is burned 
up with fire and rooted up. At the rebuke of thy countenance 

1 7 are they to perish ? Ο let thy hand be on the man of thy right 
hand — on the son of man whom thou hast made strong for 

18 thyself: and let us not depart from thee. Thou canst quick - 

19 en us that we may invoke thy name. Ο Lord, the God of 
hosts, bring us back : and let thy face shine and we shall be 
saved. 

LXXXI. 

For the conclusion. On the wine presses. A Psalm by Asaph. 

1 EXULT with joy for God our helper ! Shout triumphant - 

2 ly for the God of Jacob ! Take a psalm and bring a tympa- 

3 num — the sweet sounding psaltery with a kithara. Sound the 

4 trumpet at the new moon — at the set day of your festival. For 
it is a statute for Israel — a rite established by the God of Ja- 

,5 cob — as a testimony for Joseph; it pointed him out at the time 
of his coming out of the land of Egypt; he caused him to hear 

6 a tongue which he knew not : he removed his back from bur- 
dens. His hands served at the basket. 



PSALMS. 

7 (J) " In affliction thou didst call upon me, and I delivered 
thee. I heard thee in the secret of a tempest. I proved thee at 

8 the water of strife. Hear Ο my people and I will speak to 
thee. Ο Israel, and I will testify to thee. If thou wilt hearken 

9 to me, with thee there must be no new fangled god : nor 

10 shaltthou worship a strange god, for I am the Lord thy God; 

1 1 who brought thee up from the land of Egypt. Open thy mouth 
wide and I will fill it. But. my people did not hearken to my 

12 voice; nor did Israel attend to me. Therefore I gave them up 

13 to the devices of their own hearts. Let them walk in their own 

14 devices. Had my people hearkened to me — had Israel walked 
in my ways : I would have effectually humbled their enemies; 

15 and laid my hand on those who afflicted them. The enemies of 

16 the Lord should have submitted to him; and their time would 
have been forever : and he would have fed them with the finest 
wheat; and satisfied them with honey from a rock." 

LXXXII. 

A Psalm bij Asaph. 

1 GOD standeth in the assembly of gods and in the midst 

2 he judgeth gods. (J) How long will you judge unjustly; and re- 

3 spect the persons of sinners? Do justice to the fatherless and 

4 the afflicted : Justify the lowly and the needy. Rescue the 

5 needy and deliver the afflicted out of the sinner's hand. They 
did not know; nor did they understand. They walked on in 

6 darkness. All the foundations of the land shall be shaken. I 

7 said you are gods; and all sons of the Most High : but you 
8 shall die like men; and fall like one of the chiefs, (p) Arise, 
Ο God, judge the land thyself: for thou shalt inherit all the 
nations. 

LXXXIII. 

An Ode of a Psalm by Asaph. 

1 Ο GOD, who can be compared to tho ? Keep not silence 

2 nor be still, Ο God. For lo ! thine enemies are become noisy; 

3 and they who hate thee have raised their heads. Against thy 
people they have taken crafty counsel. And consulted against 

(J) Jehovah (p) the prophet or psalmist. 



PSALMS. 

4 thy holies. Come, said they, let us cut them off from being a 
nation : and let the name of Israel be no more remembered. 

5 For with this intent they consulted in concert. Against thee 

6 have entered into conspiracy the hordes of the Idumeans and 

7 the Ismaelites, Moab and the Agarenians; Gebal and Ammon 
and Amalek, and the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre. 

8 Assur also is joined with them : they are come to the assistance 

9 of the children of Lot. Do thou to them as to Madiam and 

10 Sisara : as to Jabin at the brook of Kison. They were utterly 
cut off at Aendor : they became as dung for the ground; 

11 make their chiefs like Oreb and Zeb — all their chiefs like Ze- 

12 bee and Salmana. They said, Let us possess ourselves of the 

13 altar of God. Ο my God make them like a whirl — like stub- 

14 ble opposed to wind. As fire blazeth through a forest — as a 

15 spark can set mountains on fire : so thou with thy tempest 

16 wilt pursue them, and trouble them with thy wrath. Fill their 
faces with dishonour: that they may seek thy name, Ο Lord. 

17 Let them be shamed and troubled forever : let them be^ put 

18 to confusion and perish : and let them know that thy name is 
the Lord — that thou alone art the Most High over all the 
earth. 

LXXXIV. 

For the conclusion. Λ Psalm for the wine presses. For the sons of 

Kore. 

1 Ο LORD of hosts, how lovely are thine abodes ! my soul 

2 longeth, it panteth for the courts of the Lord. My heart and 

3 my flesh exulted for the living God. For a sparrow hath found 
for itself a house : and a ring-dove a nest for itself, where to 
place its young — [Even I] these altars of thine, Ο Lord of 

4 hosts. Ο my king and my God, happy they who dwell in thy 

5 house ; they shall forever praise thee. Happy the man, whose 
support is from thee, Ο Lord ! he hath laid up in his heart 

6 steps for this mournful vale, to the place on which he hath 

7 fixed ; for the lawgiver will indeed give blessings. They shall 
go on from strength to strength : the God of Gods will be seen 

8 in Sion. Ο Lord, the God of hosts, hear my prayer ; hearken 

9 to it, Ο God of Jacob. Ο God, our shield behold : look down 



PSALMS. 

10 on the face of thine Anointed. Because one day in thy courts is 
better than a thousand ; I had rather be in an abject state in 

1 1 the house of God, than dwell in the tents of sinners. Because 
the Lord loveth mercy and truth ; God will give grace and glo- 
ry : the Lord will not withhold good things from them who 

12 walk in innocence. Ο Lord of hosts ! happy is the man whose 
trust is in thee. 

LXXXV. 

For the conclusion. A Psalm for the sons of Kore. 

1 Ο LORD, thou hast favoured this land of thine : thou 

2 hast brought back the captivity of Jacob. Thou hast forgiven 
thy people their iniquities : thou hast covered all their sins. 

3 Thou hast caused all thine anger to cease : thou hast turned 

4 away from thy fierce wrath. Turn us, Ο God of our salvation, 

5 and turn away thy wrath from us. Be not angry with us forever. 

6 Wilt thou extend thy wrath to all generations ? Ο God, thou 
wilt turn and quicken us, that thy people may rejoice for thee. 

7 Shew us, Ο Lord, thy loving kindness : And shouldst thou 
3 grant us thy salvation, I will hear what the Lord God will say 

by me: for he will speak peace to his people — to his saints : even 

9 to them who turn their hearts to him; moreover his salvation will 

be near them who fear him ; that glory may dwell in our land. 

10 Mercy and truth have met each other ; righteousness and 

1 1 peace have mutually embraced. Truth hath sprung up out of 
the earth, and righteousness hath looked down from heaven. 

12 For the Lord will exercise benignity, and our land shall yield 

13 her increase. Righteousness shall go before him, and he will 
imprint his footsteps for a path. 

LXXXVI. 

Λ Prayer. By David. 

1 INCLINE, Ο Lord, thine ear, and hear me : for 1 am dis- 

2 tressed and needy. Preserve my life, for I am holy : save thy 

3 servant, Ο God, who trusteth in thee. Be merciful to me, Ο 

VOL. II. 3 ι 



PSALMS. 

4 Lord, 'for to thee I will cry all the day long. Comfort the soul of 
thy servant ; for to thee, Ο Lord, I have lifted up my soul : 

5 for thou, Lord, art kind and gentle, and plenteous in mercy 

6 to all who invoke thee. Listen, Ο Lord, to my prayer, and at- 

7 tend to the voice of my supplication. In the day of my afflic- 

8 tion, I cried to thee, because thou didst hear me. There is 
none among gods like thee, Ο Lord : nor are any works to be 

9 compared to thine. Let all the nations which thou hast made, 
come and worship before thee, Ο Lord, and praise thy name ; 

10 for thou art great and doest wonders — thou art the Only, the 

11 Great God. Conduct me, Ο Lord, in thy way ; and I will walk 
in thy truth. Let my heart be gladdened, that thy name may 

12 be feared. I will praise thee, Ο Lord my God, with my whole 

13 heart, and glorify thy name forever. For thy mercy to me hath 
been great ; thou hast delivered my soul from the deepest man- 

14 sion of the dead. Ο God, transgressors rose up against me, 
and an assembly of violent men sought my life ; they indeed 

15 did not set thee before them. But thou, Lord God, who art 
merciful and gracious, long suffering and abundant in good- 

16 ness and truth, look down upon me and pity me ; give thy 
strength to thy servant and save the son of thy handmaid. 

1 7 Vouchsafe to me a token for good, and let them who hate me, 
see it and be ashamed, because thou, Ο Lord, hast helped me 
and given me comfort. 

LXXXVIL 

A Psalm of an Ode for the sons of Kore. 

1 ON the holy mountains are his foundations ! The Lord lov- 

3 eth the gates of Sion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. Glo- 

4 rious things have been said of thee, Ο city of God. Shall I men- 
tion Rahab or Babylon to those gaining a knowledge of me ? 
Behold the Philistines and Tynans, and the tribe of the Ethi- 

5 opians say, Such and such were born there. Man will say, 
" Sion is my mother;" and, "In it such a man was born." 

G " The Most High himself founded it" this will be the account 
which the Lord will give in the enrollment of peoples and of 



PSALMS. 

7 those chiefs who were born in it. How delighted must all be, 
whose habitation is in thee ! 

LXXXVIII. 

~ln Ode of a Psalm for the sons of Kore. For the conclusion. On 
the responsive Maeleth. On understanding. By Aiman the Is- 
raelite. 

1 Ο LORD God of my salvation, before thee I have cried 
1 day and night. Let my prayer come before thee, incline, Ο 

3 Lord, thine ear to my supplication ; for my soul is full of trou- 

4 ble, and my life draweth near to the mansion of the dead. I 
was counted with them who are going down to the pit; I be- 

5 came like a man who is past recovery — like one set free among 
the dead — like the prostrate slain, asleep in the grave, whom 
thou hast no more remembered. 

6 Though they were cast off out of thy hand, they laid me in 

7 the lowest pit — in dark places and in the shade of death. On 
me thy wrath was pressed hard, and all thy billows thou didst 

8 bring upon me. Thou hast removed far from me my acquaint- 
ance, they accounted me an abomination to them. I was deli- 

9 vered up and did not go abroad ; mine eyes were weakened by 
affliction. To thee, Ο Lord, I cried all the day long: to thee 

10 I stretched forth my hands. Wilt thou work wonders among 

11 the dead? Or can physicians raise them up to praise thee ? Can 
any in the grave declare thy kindness ? — Or thy faithfulness, 

12 in destruction? Can thy wonders be known in darkness — Or 

13 thy saving mercy, in the land of forgetfulness ? As for me, I 
have cried to thee, Ο Lord, and in the morning my prayers 

14 shall be before thee. Ο Lord, why rejectest thou my prayer— 

15 why turnest thou away thy face from me? I am afflicted and 
in troubles from my youth : though raised high I have been 

16 humbled and distressed. Thy resentments have come upon 

17 me; and thy terrors have quite confounded m