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Honors tie Balzac 

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T» esioMuk mn ap^otUUn to the Cnnl RtgUttr 



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Eepertots of Ha Comeliie ]$^maim 
of JJonorl lie Balzac a^c^f fou 











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COPYRIGHTED, 1900^ BY 0. B. * SON 

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The table thatt follows this note contains all tiie works in- 
cluded in the Edition Definitive of the " Com^die Humaine," 
arranged alphabetically according to the English titles used 
in the present edition, together with the proximate dates of 
publication, the division to which each is assigned in the 
Edition [>6finitive, and the French titles therein adopted. 

It is uncertain when Balzac formed the plan of the " Human 
Comedy" as it was afterward developed ; but the Avantrpro' 
pos^ or general introduction,— published in this edition in the 
first volume of SpUmhrs ami Mis^rUs of Caurtssamsf-is dated 
iS42. Now, Balzac had been at work for many years before 
that— at work with astounding industry and fecundity. The 
first in order of publication of the works afterward included 
in the *' Human Comedy," namely: Ths Chot$ansy now one of 
the Sams of MiUU^y Ufs^ was wiitten in 1829, and between 
tiiat time and 1840 nearly all his most celebrated and most 
perfect works were published. In 1843, at tiie time of the pub- 
lication of the AvoMt'propoSf the first edition of the ** Human 
Comedy" began to appear, and was completed in 1846; al- 
most all its component parts had been previously publi^ed, 
some in newspapers or reviews, some in book form, many in 
more forms than one. Says Monsieur le Vicomte de Spoel- 
berch de Lovenjoul, in the Preface to his " History of Balzac's 

"Among the many interesting peculiarities to which we 
might call the reader's attention, we will shnply ask him to 
observe how often the works collected under the general title 
of the " Com^die Humaine " changed their positions before 


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being definitively located in one or another of the series which 
compose it ; several of these tales were classed successively in 
the Sc^Hss of PrivaU Lifi^ of Provmdal Ufs^ of Parisian LifSf 
and even in the Philosophical Studiss; one can readily satisfy 
one's self on this point by glancing through this work. In- 
deed, so long as he lived, Balzac constantly modified the 
classification of his works, and the first impression of 
the Edition D^nitive, which we have used as the basis of our 
bibliography, an edition printed in accordance with his post- 
humous memoranda and corrections, affords numerous and 
frequent proofs of the fact 

"The reader will notice, too, how often the dates— pre- 
sumably of composition — given by the author, are erroneous ; 
in some cases, as will be seen, the works actually appeared in 
print hifors the year or month to whkh they are credited. 

"The divisions into chapters of Balzac's works were, to 
the author's great regret, entirely done away with in the first 
edition of the ' Comddie Humaine,' on the ground that they 
caused too much space to be wasted, that edition 'being made 
as compact as possible ; he always regretted them, and we 
collect ^em here for the first time. 

" It would be impossible for us to detail with absolute com- 
pleteness all the changes and all the variations his works 
have undergone; in each new edition, he often rewrote or 
rearranged entire pages ; his early works esp^ially were re- 
written several times, and the ddinitive version is entirely 
different, in form, from the original edition. 

"When he had finally decided upon the plan of the 'Com6die 
Humaine,' he changed and modified— especially in his earlier 
works— almost all the names of the characters introduced, 
some imaginary, some real, in order to attach them more 
securely to his gigantic literary monument; this work of 
revision Balzac continued almost to the day of his death, and 
it would be impossible to mention all the variant readings." 

An example or two, taken from the History itself, will show 
that Monsieur de Lovenjoul has fallen far short of exaggera- 
tion of the peculiarities of the master's work. 

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First, as to his habit of transferring Scmss from one cate- 
gory to another: Madams Firmiam was first printed in the 
fUvtu d$ Paris of February, 1832, and first appeared as a sepa- 
rate worlc the same year in the Ntw Philosophical Tahs, in 
one octavo volume published by Ch. Gosselin ; it was sub- 
sequently included in Volume IV. of the first edition of Scmss 
tf Parisian Lifi, and in 1842 was finally placed in Volume L of 
^e fifth edition of Sams of Priuats Uff-^rsSt edition of the 
" Human Comedy.'' A Studff oflVomam was first printed in U 
Modi of March 12, 1830, and first appeared in book form with 
the Magic Shin^ in 183 1, under the title of Philosophical Novtls 
md Tahsy in three octavo volumes, published by Ch. Gosselin. 
In 1835, under the titie of The Marchiomss^s ProfiU^ it ap- 
peared in Volume IV. of the first edition of Sams of Parisian 
Uf$, and in 1842 was placed, under its present titie, in Vol- 
ume I. of the fifth edition of Sams of PrivaU IijfSr— first edition 
of the " Human Comedy." In many cases, Sams were not 
finally located until tiie Edition Definitive was made up, after 
Balzac's death, in accordance with the memoranda left by 
him; for instance, Old Goriot^ Coloml Chabtrt^ and the Inter' 
dicHoH were all included in the Sams of Parisian Lif$ in the 
first edition of the " Human Comedy," while The Athiisl^s 
MasSf of which the same is true, had figured still earlier 
among the Philosophical Studies, 

The erroneous dates to which Monsieur de Loven]oul refers 
can only be accounted for on the ground of carelessness; a 
typical instance may be found at the dose of Splendors and 
Miseries of Courtesans^ where the date, December, 1847, seems 
to be given as tiiat of the entire work ; whereas, of tiie four 
parts, which were originally published separately, the first 
actually appeared as early as 1838, and the last in April-May, 
1847. A word of explanation should be added as to the dates 
of publication given in the accompanying table, where more 
than one date is assigned to the same work. In some in- 
stances, the various component parts of the work in its final 
form appeared in regular sequence and substantially as tiiey 
now appear: e.g., Splendors and Miseries of Courtesam and 

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Cathirnu d^ M^dict—cxccpt that the Introduction was pub^ 
lished last;— in others, and this is much the more numerous 
class, the different parts as they originally appeared were 
mere fragments, which were constantly changed and elabo- 
rated, and even, in many cases, entirely omitted from the 
work in its final form. This is particularly true of j4 fVoman 
of Thirif and Ths Otksr Sids cf CcmUmpormMwu Histofy. and, 
in lesser degree, of Tk$ Magic Skm and others. As to y^ 
fVonum of Tkkr^, it appears that the six parts, or chapters, 
into which it is now divided, have the following history : The 
first, now called Fka TramgrsssioHSy was originally published 
in September and October, 1831, in the Rtvta d$s Dmtx MomUs; 
it then bore the title of Ths R0ndi{oous^ and was divided into 
five parts: ThsMmdm, Ths fVift, Ths Motkifj Ths [hOMraium^ 
and Ths Rsnds^vous; the first of these five parts had pre- 
viously been published, signed '^Comte Alex, de B.," in U 
Caricaturs, in November, 1830, under the title of NapoUom*t 
Last Rsvisw, and was afterward republished by divers news- 
papers under the title of yf /e#9f#o (wi /^ C0ffotf5#/. Thesecond 
chapter, Umiold S^fsrmgSf was first published in 1834-1835, in 
the third edition of Scsnss of PrioaU Lift. The third chapter. 
At Thirty Ysars, first appeared in the Rsvus ds Paris of April, 
1832, under rthe title of j4 IVoman of Thir^, which title was 
not applied to the whole work until 1842. The fourth chapter, 
Th$ Fingsr of God, was published in two distinct parts; the 
first in the Rtvus ds Paris of March 2$, 1831, under the title of 
Ths Fingsr of God; the second part, Ths Vallsj^ of ihs Torrsit$, 
first appeared in the third edition of Ths Scsnss of Prioats 
Ufs, 1834-1835 ; in 1842, in the fifth edition of the same— first 
of the '* Human Comedy,"— the subdivisions were omitted 
and the short paragraph on page 191 of the translation was 
inserted by the author to weld the two parts together. The 
fifth chapter, Ths Two MssHngs, appeared in the Rsvus ds Paris 
of January 21 and 28, 183 1, divided into two parts: Ths 
FasetHoHoH and Ths Parisian Captain; when it first appeared 
in book form, — in Volume IV. oif the second edition of Scsms 
of Prioats Lifs^ May, 1832,— the author omitted the concluding 

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words and added a third hitherto unpublished part, entitled 
EniighUnmifa. The sixth and last chapter first appeared, un- 
der the title of Es^uaion^ in Volume IV. of the second edition 
of Scmts of PrivaU Ufr^ May, 1832. As is stated in the pas- 
sage from Monsieur de Lovenjoul's work, prefixed to the 
translation of A fVomam of Tkir^ in the present edition, these 
parts or chapters, as originally written, bore no relation to 
one another, and it was not until 1842, in Volume 111. of the 
fifth edition of Scm^s of PrmUs If/#,— first of the ** Human 
Comedy,"— ^at the characters continued to bear the same 
names throughout the different parts and took definitive 
shape as parts of a continuous work. 

Tis Othir Sids of CotiUmporanMts History presents an even 
more complicated state of affairs. Says Monsieur de Loven- 

" The first part of this story originally appeared in frag- 
ments in TMs Musis d$$ FamUUs, The first fragment, entitled ^ 
Ths MisforUmss of a Saint ^ comprising chapters twenty-eight < 
to thirty-nine of the version in three volumes to which we ( 
shall refer hereafter, appeared in the number for Septem- ' 
ber, 1842. The second fragment, entitled Madams ds la Chat^ \ 
JsA^ and comprising chapters one to thirteen of the version'in 
three volumes, appeared in the number for September, 1843 ; 
it was divided into three chapters, and ended with three or four 
lines which were afterward omitted. ... 

'* The third and last fragment, entitled Madams ds la Chan- 
isris, Ssqttsl amd Comdmum^ appeared in Ths Musis d$s FamiUss / 
for October and November, 1844. It comprised chapters forty- / 
two to fifty-four of the version in three volumes. ... ; 

** All these fragments, collected and Joined together by brief, 
hitherto unpublished passages, appeared for the first time in a 
separate volume, under the title of Ths Otksr Sids of Omtsm" 
poramsous History, First Episods, in 1846, in the first edition of / 
Scsnss of Political £f/#,— -first of the * Com^die Humaine,' Vol- / 
uffle XII.,— all subdivisions omitted. Another edition of this 

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work— the three-volume edition heretofore mentioned— was 
published by Gabriel Roux and Cassanet in November, 1847. 
It bore the title of Ths fyoman of Sixty, and was divided into 
fifty-five chapters,— thirty-eight of which had previously been 
published in Thi Musis d$s FamHUs, 

" Still another edition, under the title of Madams d$ la Qhsm- 
im$, was published by De Potter in 1854. 

" The second part, long announced under the title of Th$ 
Brotksrs of Comolaiim^ first appeared with its present title— 
Ths Novics—\n the Spsctaisur Rtpublicam of August i to Sep- 
tember 3, 1848, and was first published in book form by De 
Potter in 1854, in two octavo volumes." 

Ths Magic Shin first appeared as a separate work in August, 
183 1, in a two-volume edition. Several fragments of the 
story had previously appeared in the newspapers ; the open- 
ing passage, differing considerably from its present form, was 
published in La Caricaturs of December 16, 1830, under the 
title of Ths Last Nitf)oUoH, and signed '' Henri B." The passage 
describing the revel at Taillefer's was also published sepa- 
rately, in the Rsvus dss Dsux Mondss, in May, 1831. "We 
should mention the fact,'' says Monsieur de Lovenjoul, ** that 
in the first version of this fragment ... all the names 
mentioned were names of real persons, for which Balzac 
afterward substituted those of the actors in the ' Com^die 
Humaine.' " 

Not only was it Balzac's habit to change and remodel his 
different productions within themselves, to combine and re- 
arrange with an indefatigable industry that is somewhat 
bewildering in itself, and amazing beyond measure when one 
considers the extraordinary amount of nsw work he was pro- 
ducing all the time ;— but he constantly transferred passages 
and episodes from one Scene to another, just as he transferred 
whole Scsnss from one to another category of the *' Human 
Comedy."— The two works entitled Anothsr Study of H^omam 
and Ths Muss of ths Dtparimsnt are instances in point Of the 
first-named, we are told by Monsieur de Lovenjoul that few 
of Balzac's works were so changed and remodelled. When it 

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was first published in book form, in 1842, in Volume II. of the 
fifth edition of Satus of PrioaU Uf$r^^ of the '' Human 
Comedy/' — it contained several short stories and fragments 
taicen from others of Balzac's works not reprinted in the 
" Human Comedy," as, for instance, fragments of A C<mvirsa- 
turn bitwtiM EUvfH O'Clock and Midmgkt; notably a taie origi- 
nally inserted, without separate title, as a part of the Comoirsa- 
tum^ and afterward published in the NapoUon of March, 1834, 
under the title of Our CoUmiVs Mistnss; also the beginning 
of the fVoman Comms II Faut, a study which appeared in 1840 
in Volume I. of Th4 Frtnch Dtpidtd ^ Thimsehes, published in 
eight volumes in 1840-1842. Another Study of fVoman ap* 
peared again, under the title of A Uon^s First IViopons, in 1845, 
in a volume with Ths Honiymoonr-^axi of Bi0/roc,-- and was 
then divided into twenty-seven chapters. In the Edition 
Definitive, Balzac placed at the end of Another Study of Woman, 
La Grande Bretiche, a tale which he deprived of its title in 
order that it might follow the other without interruption. La 
Grande Brethhe had first appeared in May, 1832, in Volume III. 
of the second edition of Scenes of Prioate Life, with The Message, 
under the general title of The CouncU; later, in Volume III. of 
the first edition of Scenes of Provincial Life, 1834-1837, it was 
enlarged by two other tales : The Spanish Grandee and The 
StoTff of the Chevalier de Beauooir, — ^an extract from A Con' 
versaiion between Eleven O* Clock and Midnight y — and no longer 
contained The Message. In this edition and the following one, 
it bore the title of La Grande Bretkhe, or the Three Vengeances, 
explained by the three tales contained in that version. The 
Spanish Grandee and The Chevalier de Beauvoir had previously 
appeared in February, 1832, in a volume called Les Conies 
Bfuns, published anonymously, but written by Charles Rabon, 
Philarete, and Balzac, the share of the latter in the collabora- 
tion being limited to The Spanish Grandu and the Conversation, 
etc In 1843, they were taken from La Grande Brethhe, and 
placed in The Muse of the Department, which was then called 
Dinah Piidefer. In 184$, in Volume IV. of the fifth edition of 
Scenes of Prioate Life, La Grande Bretiche appeared with the 

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tub-title: Comlusiom of Am4kir SUtt^^ of IVonum; as stated 
above, the title disappeared altogether in the Edition Difini* 

Tki Mnu ofihs D^partmmt received several other fragments 
of Ancihsr Study of t^omam in 1S43 ; and in all the editions of 
the latter, up to 1845, there are whole pages which have 
disappeared in the Edition Definitive. 

The sweeping away of all division into chapters, inaugu« 
rated in the first edition of the "Human Comedy" and 
followed in the Edition Definitive, is unquestionably to be 
regretted; the publishers of the present edition have under- 
taken to improve the condition of affahs t)y printing most of 
tiie tales in divisions, but have not attempted to follow the 
author's original division, for the reason that the Edition 
Definitive varies so materially from the editions prior to 1842 
as to make such an attempt more likely to confuse than to 

The titles adopted in the Edition Definitive, as may be 
gathered from what has gone before, vary in many cases 
from the original titles as well as from those used in the 
earlier editions of tiie "Human Comedy" as such. This 
fact will serve to explain the puzzling English titles of some 
other translations of portions of the "Human Comedy," 
based upon some of these earlier editions. For instance iJT^ 
Two Brothifs was the original title of the work to which, m 
its final form, Balzac gave the name of La RabomlUuu; so, 
too, there was an edition of Th4 Qtast of tk$ Absobas^ pub- 
lished by Charpentier in 1839, under the title of Balthazar 
Oais^ or ik$ Quest ofih$ AhsohOe; again, the three divisions 
of Lost lUusioHs were never published together until 1843, — 
first edition of the "Human Comedy,"— when the third 
division was entitled Ev$ and DaM; it was afterward pub- 
lished separately once more as Daioid SUhatd^ and its present 
title— Ti^ Trials of m /liMiilor— <lates only from the Edition 
Definitive; Tk$ Last Infiomaiwu of Vautrm, which took its 
place as the fourth part of SpUndors and Missriss of Courtssams 
in the Edition Definitive, had always previously been printed 

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as a separate weak and is dted as such throughout the 

We find within the main categories of the "Human 
Comedy" some instances where two or more works are 
grouped together under a generic title : Tks Cmi of Tmtrs^ 
PurrOUf 2LndLaRabomlhuss make up the group of Ths Cii^nOss; 
Th$ Illustrious Gaudissart and Ths Muss of ik$ D§pmrfmmd are 
bracketed together as Tk$ Pmnsiam m ik$ Proomcss; Ths Hit- 
tarycftks ThtrUm is told in Fmapss, ChUfcfihs Dioormtia^ 
La Duckssss d$ LaugsaiSj and Ths Girl wUh GoUm Eyss; Cousim 
Bstts and Cousin Pons are Ths Poor Rslatums. Even in this 
respect, Balzac's overmastering tendency to change and re- 
adjust asserted itself. Some of these groups were not formed 
until the later editions, whereas, on the other hand, Ths Old 
Maid amd Tks Cahiusl of AnHqmHsSj which had previou^y 
been dassed together as Tks Rivalrissj were separated in the 
Edition D^nitive, that title being there applied to the former 
only, while Ths Cabinet of AniiqmHss received the designation 
of Ths Provincials in Paris, 

The material for this note has been collected from the work 
of iVUmsieur de Lovenjoui so often quoted herein. This 
** History of Balzac's Works " is remarkable in several ways* 
mainly for the information it affords of tlie extraordinary 
capacity for arduous, unremitting toil possessed by the author 
of the "^ Human Comedy." 

*' In 1830," says Henry James,* " Balzac published the 
P$au di CA#^frw--the first woric of the series on which 
his reputation rests. After this, for twenty years, he pro- 
duced without cessation. The quantity of his work, when 
we consider the quality, seems truly amazing. There are 
writers in the same line who have published an absolutely 
greater number of volumes. Alexandre Dumas, Madame 
Sand, Anthony Trollope, have been all immensely prolific; 
but they all weave a loose web, as it were, and Balzac 
weaves a dense one. The tissue of his tales is always 
extraordinarily firm and hard; it may not at every point 

^Hmori d€ BMl^ac^hk "French Po«ts and Novelists." 

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be doth of gold, but it has always a metallic rigidity. It 
has been worked over a dozen times, and the work can 
never be said to belong to light literature. You have only to 
turn the pages of a volume of Balzac to see that, whatever 
may be the purity of the current, it never runs thin. There 
is none of that wholesale dialogue, chopped into fragments, 
which Alexandre Dumas fabricates by the yard, and which 
bears the same relation to real narrative architecture as 
a chain of stepping-stones tossed across a stream does to a 
granite bridge. Balzac is always definite ; you can say ' Yes ' 
or * No * to him as you go on ; the story bristles with refer- 
ences that must be verified ; and if sometimes it taxes the 
attention more than is thought becoming in a novel, we must 
admit that, being as hard reading in the way of entertainment 
as Hallam or Guizot, it may also have been very hard writing. 
This it is that makes Balzac's fertility so amazing-^e fact 
that, whether we relish its results or not, we at least perceive 
that the process is not superficial.'' 

These comments are based upon the "Human Comedy" 
alone, but we learn from the History that during those last 
twenty years of his life, from 1830 to i8$o, Balzac not only 
wrote a vast amount that is not included in his monumental 
work, but, as we have seen, rewrote, rearranged, added and 
subtracted without end. 

The History is itself a monumental work in its way, and 
is in the highest degree illuminating as to the mental proc- 
esses, the methods, and the peculiarities of the author of the 
" Human Comedy." It is even more eloquent than the work 
of Messieurs Cerfberr and Christophe of the spirit which 
animates the genuine '' determined Balzacian." 

George b. ives 

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AccuiMd Child. Th« 


Albert Savarot 

AaollMr Study of 

AtMtirt Mam, The 

CeMiMt of Antiquities, 

CelberhMde' Medici 

CAsar Blrotteas. Hle- 
toiy of the Gran- 
dc«r aad Downfall 

Qiooans, The 
CMl Service, The 

Coionel Chabert 
Coascrlpt, The 
Covntry Doctor, The 

Jan. 183X 

Oct 1836 


May-June xSia 

Jan. i8)a 



Jan. 1836 

April 1839 

Jan. 184S 

March X836 

Dec S839 

May 1830 

Jan. 1843 

Dec S837 

March 1809 

July 1837 

Oct Z838 


Feb. 1831 




Private Life 
Private Ufe 
Private Life 
Private Life 

Provincial Life 


Parisian Life 

Military Life 
Parisian Life 

Provincial Life 


Country Life 

L'Enfant Mandlt 


Albert Savaras 

Autre Etude de 


Le Cabinet des An- 

Sur Catherine de 

Histoire dels Gran- 
deur etde la Dtoi- 
dence de Cisar 


Les Employ^ 

Le Colonel Chabert 

Le R^ulsKlonnalre 


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nMmjawD titu 






Cousin B«tlt 

Cousin Pont 

Cnri of Toara, Tht 
Dance at Sc«mix, The 

Dark Affair. A 
Daughter of Eva, A 

Deputy fiOB Ards, 

Deserted Mlatresa, 

Double Fanlljr. A 

Duchetse de Lan- 
geals, La 

Elixir of Long Life. 

Episode under the 
Terror. An 

Eug^e Grande! 
Executioner, The 

Exiles, The 

Faclno Cane 

Fenasus, Chief of the 


Oct-Dec. xM 


May x8)a 
April s8)o 

Jan.-Feb. 1841 

Dec S838 

Jan. ^99 

Aprll-M«y S847 

Sept z8)a 

April 1830 

April 1833 

April >834 

Oct z8)o 

Dec. i8jo 
Dec. iSi5 
Jan. 1830 

May 1832 

March 1836 


JnbMnff. K837 

Parisian Llf^ 


Provincial Life 
Private Ltfi 

Private Life 

Political UH 

Private Life 
Private Llf^ 

Parisian UH 


Political Ufb 

Provincial Life 



Parisian Life 
Parisian Ufe 


La Cousins Bette 

Le Cousin Pons 

Le Cnri de Tours 

Le Bal de Sceanx 


Une Fine d'Eve 

Le DiputI d'ArcIs 

La Femme Aban- 

Une Double Faaillle 

La Duchesse de 

L 'Elixir de Longue 

Un Episode sous la 

Eu8:^nle Grandet 
El Verdugo 

Les Proscrlts 

Faclno Cane 

Ferragus, Chef des 


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Oct 1844 

Parisian Life 



March 1834 

Nov. S835 


La FlUe anx Yeux 


Feb.-Apm 1830 

Private Uffe 


Crude BreOclM. U. 
(Included In Anoth- 

May 1833 

er Study of Wonaii) 

Gr«iAdi4ra. U 

Ang. 183s 

Private Ufe 


HMory off tiie Thir- 
teen. (See Femigue, 
La Duchesse de 

- Langeeis. The Girl 
with Golden Eyes) 


March 1843 

Private Uffe 


House off the Ort and 
Racket. The 

April 1830 

Prtvate Life 


House off Nuclngen. 

Oct. 1838 

Parisian Llf^ 

U Malson Nudn- 
gen ' 

Dtoslrious Gaodls- 

Dec. 1833 

Provincial Life 

L'llfustre Gaudls- 

Interdiction, The 

Jan.-Feb. 1836 

Private Lif^ 


Involuntary Come- 
dians. The 

Dec. 1844 

April S846 

Parisian Life 


Jesus Christ hi Fhui- 

Dec 1830 



JAsus Christ en 

Uly off «ie Valley. The 

Nov. 183s 
June S836 

Provincial Ute 



Feb. 1837 

Ang. 1843 

Provincial Uffe 

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Loult Umbtrt 
Madamt FlrmUuiI 

JVUffIc SUn. Th« 

Man of Business, A 

Maranas. Tha 

Marriage Contract, 

MasslMlOa Donl 

Master Cornelius 
Melmoth Converted 

Memoirs of Two 
Young Wives 

Message, Ttie 
Modeste Mignon 

Muse of the Depart- 
ment, The 

Old Goriot 

Old Maid, The 

Other Side of Con- 
temporaneous His- 
tory. The 

Oct. xSjs 

Feb. i8|a 

Dec. 1890 

Aug. x8ix 

Sept 1845 

Dec. x8)e 

Jan. x8jj 

Nov. S83S 

Aug. x8i9 

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June s8)s 

Nov. X841 

Jan. 184s 

Feb. x8)e 

April-July X844 

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Private Life 


Parisian Llf^ 


Private Utt 




Private Life 

Private Ufe 
Private Ufe 

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Private Life 
Provincial Life 

PollUcal UH 

Louis Lambert 
Madame Firmlani 

La Peau de Chagrin 

Un Homme d'Af- 


La Contnit de Ma- 

Masslmllla DenI 

MaTtre Cornelius 
Mdmoth RteoBcUi 

MAmolres de Deux 
Jeunes Marines 

Le Message 

Modeste Mignon 

LaMusedu Diparte- 

Le Phn Goriot 

U Vlellle Fllle 

L'Envers de I'Hls- 
tolra Contempt 

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Passion In tbe Des- 

Dec 1830 

MUltwy UU 

Une Passion dans 

Pmcc off tbe House- 

April iSjo 

Private Life 


Peesants, The 

Dec. 1844 

Country Life 



(Written about 


Parisian Life 

Lea Petlts Bour- 

Penjr Worries of Cob- 
Jogmi Life 

Nov. i8jo 


Petites MisAres de 


Dec. i8e9 


Pbyslologie du Ma- 


Parisian Ufe 

Pierre Grassou 


Jan. 1840 

Piovincial Ufe 


PieteDded Mistress, 

Dec 1841 
Aug. 1840 

Private Life 
Parisian Life 

Prince of Bobewie, A 

Un Prince de la Bo- 

Purse. Tbe 

May 183* 

Private Life 

La Bourse 




U Recherche de 

Feb. 1841 

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Provincial Lif^ 

La Rabottineuse 

Red Inn. The 

Aug. i8}i 


L'Auberge Rouge 


Nov. i8y> 

Parisian Life 


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Un Draaie an Bord 

Secrets of La Prin- 
cesse de Cadlgnan, 

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Us Secrets de la 
Princesse de Ca- 

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Splendors and Mlser^ 

Start In Life, A 

Study of Woman, A 

Unknown Master- 
piece, Tha 

Ursule MIrouVt 
Vendetta, The 

VUlage Curi. The 

Woman of Thirty. A 
Z. Marcat 

June i8)4 

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July-Sept zfi«a 

March s8)o 

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April x8y> 

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Parisian Life 

Private Ufe 

Private Life 


Provincial Life 
Private Lifb 

Country Llf^ 

Private UH 
PoUtlcal Ufe 


Splendeurs et Mi- 
sires des Courtl- 

Un Dibttt dans la 

Etude de Femme 

Le Chel-d*OEuvre 

Ursule MlrouHt 
U Vendetta 

L*e Curi de Village 

La Fenme de Trenta 


Z. Marcas 

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Are you a determined Bal^acien — ^to use the ex- 
pression of Gautier in Jeune France, on the morrow 
of the appearance of that mystic, Rabelaisian epic. 
The Magic Skin ? Have you ever experienced, upon 
reading some odd volume of The Human Comedy, 
at school and clandestinely, a sort of mental jexalta- 
tion which no book had ever aroused in you before, 
and which very few books have aroused in you since? 
Did you ever dream, at the age at which one gath- 
ers in anticipation all the fruit of the tree of life — as 
yet without blossoms— did you ever dream of being 
Daniel d*Arthez, of covering yourself with renown 
by virtue of your works, to be consoled some day 
for all the miseries of a destitute youth by the sub- 
lime Diane, Duchesse de Maufrigneuse, Princesse 
de Cadignan? Or, being of a more ambitious and 
less literary turn, did you ever long, another Rasti- 
gnac, to see the doors of " high life " opened to your 
cupidity by the golden key hanging from the brace- 
let of Delphine de Nucingen? Are you of a romantic 
temperament, and have you sighed for the angelic 
affection of a Henriette de Mortsauf and enjoyed in 
fancy the innocent emotions caused by plucking 
flowers, by listening to tales of sorrow, by furtive 


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clasps of the hand, on the bank of a narrow, blue, 
slow-flowing stream, in a valley of which your love 
should be, as it were, the innocent, quivering lily, 
the ideal, chaste flower? Or, Inclined to melancholy, 
have you cherished the idea of such a friendship, to 
comfort the dismal hours of oncoming old age, as 
that in which the excellent Schmucke enveloped even 
the crotchets of his poor Pons? Have you reflected 
upon the mighty power of seaet associations and 
considered which of your friends would be worthy 
to become a member of the Thirteen? Has the map 
of France ever appeared to you, divided into as many 
districts as there are novels in The Human Comedy? 
Has Tours brought to your mind Birotteau, La 
Gamard, and the redoubtable Abbe Troubert; Douai, 
Claes; Limoges, Madame Graslin; Besancon, Savarus 
and his disappointed love; AngouISme, Rubempre; 
Sancerre, Madame de la Baudraye; Alencon, the 
touching, artless figure of that old maid to whom 
her uncle, the Abbe de Sponde, said, with gentle 
irony: "You have too much wit, you do not need 
so much to be happy"? — O witchcraft of the 
mightiest magician of letters who has been seen 
since Shakespearel — If you have ever been sub- 
jected to his fascination, though but for an hour, 
here is a book which will enchant you, a book 
which would have enchanted Balzac himself, — 
Balzac who was more completely under the spell 
of his work than his most fanatical readers, and 
whose dream was to enter into competition with the 
civil registers* This volume, of nearly six hundred 

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pages, is, in fact, the civil register of all the char- 
acters in The Human Comedy , wherewith you may 
find, detail by detail, the most trivial adventures of 
the heroes who pass and repass through these fifty 
volumes, wherewith you may revive in a moment 
the emotion long ago aroused by the perusal of one 
or another of these ch^s-d'ceuvre. More modestly, 
it is a sort of taWe of contents of a unique sort: a 
table of living contentsl 

Many Balzaciens have dreamed of preparing this 
civil register. I have myself known five or six who 
actually began this curious work. To mention but 
two names out of many, the idea of this extraor- 
dinary Vapereau had passed through the brain of 
that subtle and refined observer, Monsieur Henri 
Meilhac, and of that detective in feuilleions, Emile 
Gaboriau. Indeed, I believe that 1 myself have, 
among the papers of my eighteenth year, a few 
sheets covered with notes taken with the same 
object in view. But the work involved was too 
great. It required infinite patience combined with 
inextinguishable ardor and enthusiasm. The two 
faithful disciples of the Master who have associated 
themselves to rear this monument to him would not, 
perhaps, have overcome the difficulties of the under- 
taking, had it not been that they sustained each 
other, bringing to the common work, Monsieur Chris- 
tophe his painstaking method, and Monsieur Cerf- 
berr his implacable memory, his passionate faith 
in the genius of the great Honore, a faith capable 
of carrying mountains of documents without losing 

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strength or courage. A delightful chapter of literary 
gossip might be written on the history of this col- 
laboration. A melancholy chapter, for It is con- 
nected with the memory of the charming man who 
first brought Messieurs Cerfberr and Christophe to- 
gether, and who has died since, under very sad cir- 
cumstances. His name was Albert Allenet, and he 
was editor-in-chief of a sturdy little review, Lajeune 
France^ which he was able to sustain for many years 
with a perseverance worthy of one of the best men of 
business of The Human Comedy. I can see him now, 
feverish, overtaxing his strength, but with his face 
always lighted up by intense earnestness, hailing me 
in a theatre corridor to mention the plan formed by 
Monsieur Cerfberr; and we discovered almost imme- 
diately that the same plan had been conceived by 
Monsieur Christophe. The latter had already coN 
lected a whole case of pigeon-holes full of slips 
bearing the names of some of Balzac's characters, all 
arranged and classified. When two men meet in the 
same enterprise as collectors, they must either hate 
each other or combine their efforts. Thanks to the 
excellent Allenet, the two professed Balzaciens took 
to each other wonderfully. Poor Allenet! shortly 
after, we, who had known and loved him, escorted 
his body to the cemetery one dismal afternoon late 
in the autumn. — He, too, is dead, that other Balza- 
cien who had taken so great an interest in this work, 
and to whom The Human Comedy was an all-absorb- 
ing thought: Honore Granoux. He was a merchant 
at Marseille, of a somewhat gaunt appearance and 

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already in declining health, when I knew him; but 
he seemed to live anew at the mention of Bal- 
zac; and with what mysterious, conspirator-like 
veneration he would utter the words: ''the Vis- 
count/' which meant, for the supreme adepts in 
Balzacolatry, the incomparable bibliophile to whom 
we owe the history of the novelist's works, Mon- 
sieur de Spoelberch de Lovenjoul ! — " The Viscount 
will approve," or " the Viscount will not approve " 
— ^that was the consecrated formula for Granoux, 
who had devoted himself to the enormous task of 
collecting every article, no matter how trivial, pub- 
lished concerning Balzac since his first appearance 
as a writer. And — see what a fascination that 
de^iAl of a man, as Theophile Gautier called him, 
exercises over his disciples — 1 am well aware that 
these petty details of Balzacien mania will make the 
reader smile. For my part, they seemed, and still 
seem, as natural to me as Balzac's remark to Jules 
Sandeau, who was telling him about a sick sister: 
" Let us return to reality. Who is going to marry 
Eugenie Grandet?" 

Fascination! that is the only fit word to charac- 
terize the sort of influence which Balzac exerts over 
those who really enjoy him, and this phenomenon 
does not date from to-day. Vallte called attention 
to it years ago in an eloquent passage of the Rifrac- 
taires on the victims of books. Sainte-Beuve, who 
can hardly be suspected of partiality to the editor- 
in-chief of The Revue Parisienne, relates an anecdote 
stranger and more significant than all the rest. At 

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one time, a certain very aristocratic social set in 
Venice conceived the idea of distributing among its 
members different rdles taken from The Human 
Comedy, and some of these r&les, the critic myste- 
riously adds, were acted out to the very end. — A 
dangerous experiment, for everyone knows that 
Balzac's heroes and heroines often walk close to 
the edge of the most dangerous abysses of the 
social Hell. This took place about 1840. It is now 
1887, and the enchantment is far from being ex- 
hausted. The work to which these notes serve as 
an introduction is a proof of it. Indeed, it has been 
noticed that Balzac's men have made their appear- 
ance in literature as well as in life, especially since 
the novelist's death. Balzac seems not to have ob- 
served the society of his age so much as to have 
contributed to form a new society. Many of his 
characters were more real in i860 than in 1835. 
When we are dealing with a phenomenon of such 
extent and such intensity, it is not enough to talk 
about infatuation, fashion, mania. The charm of an 
author becomes a physiological fact of the first im- 
portance, which should be explained by analysis. 
I fancy that 1 detect two reasons for this peculiar 
power of Balzac's genius. One is found in the 
special quality of his vision, the other in the philo- 
sophical bearing which he succeeded in giving to all 
his work. — What that vision was, this Repertory 
alone would suffice to show. Turn it over at ran- 
dom and estimate the number of supposititious facts 
which these two thousand biographies imply, being 

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all individual, all distinct, and in most cases com- 
plete, that is to say, taking the character at his 
birth and not leaving him until he is dead. Balzac 
not only knows the date of birth and death, he 
knows also what the condition of the country, of 
the province, of the trade to which the man belonged 
was at that time. He is fully informed as to the 
price of the Funds and the condition of agriculture. 
He knows that Grandet could not have made his 
fortune by the same methods as Gobseck, his rival 
in avarice, nor that jackal, Ferdinand du Tillet, with 
the same amplitude of method as that elephant, 
De Nucingen. He has measured and desaibed the 
exact relation of the character to his environment, 
just as he has measured and described the connect- 
ing links between the different characters; so that 
each individual is constituted differently in his per- 
sonal and social qualities, and it is the same with 
each family as with each individual. The skeletons 
of these families and these individuals are what these 
notes of Messieurs Cerf berr and Christophe lay bare 
for your contemplation; but this structure of facts 
connected with one another by a logic equal to the 
logic of life is the least effort of Balzac's genius. 
Does a certificate of death, a marriage-contract, an 
inventory of property, represent a person? Clearly 
not. They lack, as it were, flesh and blood, muscles 
and nerves, to clothe the framework of bone. At 
Balzac's glance, all these schedules of facts become 
alive; to this circumstantial view of the conditions 
of the existence of certain beings is added a similar 

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view of those beings themselves. And, first of all, 
he knows them physiologically. The history of 
their corporeal machinery has no mysteries for him. 
Concerning Birotteau's gout, concerning Madame de 
Mortsauf's nervous affection, concerning Fraisier's 
skin disease, concerning the obscure causes of 
Flore's domination of Rouget, concerning Louis 
Lambert's catalepsy, he is as thoroughly informed 
as any doctor, and he is as well-mformed as a con- 
fessor concerning the spiritual mechanism which this 
animal machine of ours supports. The most infin- 
itesimal weaknesses of conscience are perceptible to 
him. From the concierge Cibot to the Marquise 
d'Espard, not one of his women has an evil thought 
which he does not detect. With what art, compar- 
able to that of Stendhal, Laclos, and the subtlest 
analysts, he marks the transition from comedy to 
sincerity in The Secrets of the Princesse de Cadignan I 
He knows when a sentiment is simple and when it 
is complex; when the heart is the dupe of the mind 
and when of the senses. And with it all he hears 
his characters speak, he distinguishes their voices, 
and we ourselves distinguish them in the dialogue. 
The rumbling of Vautrin, the hissing of La Gamard, 
the melody of Madame de Mortsauf remain in our 
ears. For such an intensity of evocation is as con- 
tagious as enthusiasm, as a panic. There is an 
abundance of testimony to prove that in Balzac this 
evocation is accomplished as in the mystics, by 
emancipating it, so to speak, from the ordinary laws 
of life. We quote the words in which Monsieur le 

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Docteur Fournler, the present mayor of Tours, de- 
scribes the novelist's working-hours, from what had 
been told him by a servant at the chateau of Sache: 
** Sometimes he would shut himself up in his room 
and remain there several days. At such times, 
plunged in a sort of trance and armed with a crow 
quill, he would write night and day, abstaining from 
food and contenting himself with decoctions of coffee 
which he prepared himself!"* In the beginning of 
Facino Cane this phenomenon is thus described: *Mn 
my own case, observation became intuitive when 1 
was very young. It penetrated the mind without 
neglecting the body, or rather it grasped so com- 
pletely the external details that it at once went 
beyond them. It gave me the power to live the 
life of the individual whom I was observing, en- 
abling me to put myself in his place, as the dervish 
in The Thousand and One Nights took possession of 
the minds and bodies of the persons over whom he 
pronounced certain words." — And he adds, after 
describing himself as following a workman and his 
wife along the street: " 1 was able to espouse their 
life, 1 felt their rags on my back, 1 walked with my 
feet in their worn shoes; their desires, their cravings, 
all passed into my mind, or my mind passed into 
theirs. // was the dream of a man awake.'' One 
day, when he was looking at a man dressed in rags 

* Pamphlet by Monslaur le Docteur Fournler concerning: the statue of Balzac, 
that statue to which Monsieur Heniy Renault— another devout disciple who 
had founded U &i/^«0— applied himself so ardently.— In this pamphlet Is a 
very Interesting: portrait of BaUtac, after a sepia 1^ UhiIs Boulanger belons^in^ 
to Monsieur le Baron Larray. 

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who passed him on the boulevard, the friend who 
was with Balzac was amazed to see him touch his 
own sleeve with his hand: he had felt the rent that 
yawned at the beggar's elbow. Was 1 wrong to place 
this species of imagination side by side with that 
which we observe in the "ecstatics" in religion? 
With such a gift, Balzac could not be, like Edgar 
Poe, simply a describer of nightmares. He was 
saved from the merely fantastic by another gift 
which seems in contradiction with the first. This 
visionary was in reality a philosopher, that is to 
say, a collector and classifier of general ideas. The 
proof of this is found in his biography, which shows 
him to us absorbed in a sort of frenzy of abstract 
reading during his schoolboy days at VendOme. The 
whole library of theological and mystical works in 
the old Oratorian establishment was devoured by 
the child to such excess that he had to be taken 
from the school, ill, his brain almost benumbed by 
that strange opium. The story of Louis Lambert 
is the monograph of his own intellect. To what did 
he turn his mind during his youth, in the moments 
stolen from his profession? General ideas still. We 
find him taking an interest in the quarrel between 
Geofifroy-Saint-Hilaire and Cuvier, disturbed con- 
cerning the hypothesis of the unity of creation, 
recurring once more to the mystics; and, as a 
matter of fact, his novels overflow with theories. 
There is not one of his works from which one 
may not extract abstract thoughts by the hundred. 
If he is describing, as in the Cur4 of Tours, the 

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misfortunes of an old priest, he takes advantage of 
it to outline a theory concerning the development 
of sensitiveness, and a theory concerning the future 
of the Catholic Church, If he is describing, as in 
The House of Nucingen, a supper-party of blasd Paris- 
ians, he introduces a discussion of the philosophy 
of credit, reix)rts of the Bank and of the Treasury 
officials — ^and Heaven knows what! Speaking of his 
Daniel d'Arthez, that one of his heroes who, with 
Albert Savarus and Raphael, most closely resembles 
him, he writes: " Daniel would not admit the pos- 
sibility of extraordinary talent without profound 
metaphysical knowledge. He was proceeding at 
that moment to despoil ancient and modern times of 
all their treasures of philosophy, in order to assimi- 
late them to himself. He proposed, like MolUre, to 
become a profound philosopher before writir^ comedies.** 
Certain readers, indeed, consider that there is a su- 
perabundance of philosophy in Balzac, that general 
hypotheses overflow in his novels, and that they 
are too prolific In digressions. However that may 
be, it seems indisputable that that was his dominant 
faculty, the virtue and the vice of his thought. Let 
us see now by what strange roundabout means this 
power of generalization, the most diametrically op- 
posed, one would say, to the creative power, mag- 
nified in him the characteristic faculty of the poetic 

It is important to observe, first of all, that this 
visionary power could hardly be exerted directly. 
Balzac had not the time to live. The list of his works. 

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year by year, prepared by his sister, proves that from 
his first taste of renown until his death he never took 
any leisure for the purposes of rest, of looking about 
him, of studying mankind, like Moli^re and Saint- 
Simon, by daily and familiar contact. He cut his life 
in two, writing at night, sleeping by day, frequently 
not having an hour to devote to visits, to going out, 
to love. Indeed, he did not admit that disturbing 
factor, love, into his life, except at a distance and 
by letters — " because it shapes the stylel" At all 
events, that is the sort of love in which he indulged 
with the greatest zest — if we except the mysterious 
intrigues of which his correspondence has left traces. 
In his youth he had practised the same system of 
persistent toil, so that the actual experience of this 
master of exact literature was reduced to a mini- 
mum; but that minimum sufficed him, precisely 
because of the philosophical endowment which he 
possessed in such a high degree. To this small sup- 
ply of positive knowledge furnished by observation, 
he applied an analysis so intuitively keen, that he 
discovered, behind those trivial facts which he had 
gathered up in small quantity, the profound, the 
generative forces, if we may use the expression. 
He has himself described with a single stroke, 
apropos of Daniel d'Arthez once more, the method 
of this analytic and generalizing work. He calls it 
"retrospective penetration." Probably he seized 
upon the offerings of experience and threw them 
into a retort of reveries as it were. Thanks to 
an alchemy not unlike Cuvier's process, from the 

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smallest detail he was able to reconstitute a whole 
temperament, and from an individual, a whole class; 
but in this work of reconstruction he was always 
and everywhere guided by the ordinary method of 
philosophers: the search for and scrutiny of causes. 
We owe it to this investigation that this dreamer 
has defined almost all the psychological modifications 
peculiar to our time. He saw clearly, while democ- 
racy was establishing itself in France on the ruins 
of the old regime, the novel sentiments which the 
transfers from one class to another were certain to 
produce. He understood all the complications of the 
heart and mind of modern woman by an btuitive 
understanding of the laws which govern her develop- 
ment. He divined the transformation in the lives of 
artists which followed the metamorphosis of the na- 
tional situation, and to this day the picture he drew 
of journalism in Lost Illusions remains strictly true. 
It seems to me that this same power of scrutinizing 
causes which makes his works so rich in ideas is re- 
six)nsible also for their magical charm. While other 
novelists describe mankind on the outside, he shows 
it to us without and within at the same time. The 
characters who pour forth from his brain are upheld 
and carried onward by the same social waves which 
uphold and carry us. The generative facts which 
created them are the same which continue to operate 
about us. If many young men have taken for their 
model a Rastignac, for example, it is because the pas- 
sions by which that ambitious pauper is devoured are 
the same that our age of unbridled greed multiplies 

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about disinherited youth. Add to this that Balzac 
is not content simply to display the fruitful sources 
of the modern mind, but that he shows them in the 
glare of the most ardent imagination that ever 
existed. By virtue of a very rare combination of 
qualities, this philosopher was also a man like the 
story-tellers of the Orient, in whom solitude and the 
over-excitement of night-work caused a constant, 
vivid hallucination. He was able to impart this 
fever to his readers, and to lead them into a region 
reminding one of The Thousand and One Nights, 
where all the passions, all the cravings of reality 
appear, but exaggerated to the ix)int of phantasy, 
as in the nightmares born of laudanum and hash- 
eesh. How can we fail to understand that to some 
readers this world of Balzac's has seemed more 
living than the real world, and that as a result their 
activities have been directed toward achieving a re- 
semblance to it? It is possible that this phenomenon 
is becoming more rare to-day, and that Balzac, while 
he is no less admired, does not exert the same seduc- 
tive influence. This is due to the fact that the great 
social causes which he defined have almost finished 
their work. Other forces modify the later genera- 
tions and prepare them for different degrees of sensi- 
tiveness. It is none the less certain that, in order 
to comprehend fully the second third of the nine- 
teenth century in France, one must read and reread 
The Human Comedy; and we owe our grateful 
thanks to Messieurs Cerfberr and Christophe for 
this Repertory. Thanks to them, we shall walk 

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more easily through the long, frescoed galleries of 
that enormous palace — enormous, yet unfinished, 
as those Scenes of hdiUtaty Life are lacking whose 
titles incline one to reverie: Forud Marches; the 
Battle of Austerliti; After Dresden.— TohtoVs War 
and Peace is unquestionably an admirable book, but 
how can we fail to sigh regretfully for the descrip- 
tion of the Grande Armee and our Great Emperor 
by Balzac, our Napoleon in literature? 

Paul Bourgbt. 

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Abramko, a Polish Jew of herculean strength, en- 
tirely devoted to the pawnbroker Elie Magus, whom 
he served as concierge, and over whose daughter 
and wealth he stood guard in i844» ^'^^ ^^^ assist- 
ance of three savage dogs, in an old mansion on 
Chauss^ des Minimes, near Place Royale, Paris: 
Abramko had been compromised in the progress of 
events in Poland, and Magus had rescued him for 
his own purposes. — Cousin Pons. 

Adile, an honest peasant-girl from La Brie, in the 
service of Denis Rogron and his sister Sylvie, at Pro- 
vins, from 1824 to 1827. — In opposition to her mas- 
ters, she displayed much compassion and sympathy 
for their young cousin Pierrette Lorrain. — Pierrette. 

Adile, Madame du Val-Noble's lady's-maid at 
the time when she was kept in magnificent style 
by the note-broker, Jacques Falleix, who failed in 
1829. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Adolphe, a short, fair-haired, young man, was a 
derk for Pritot, dealer in shawls, in the Bourse quar- 
ter, Paris, under Louis-Philippe.— Gaii^issar/ //. 

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Adolphus, head of the banking house of Adolphus 
& Co., of Manheim; father of Baronne Wilhelmine 
d'Aldrigger. — The House of Nudngen. 

Agathe (Sister), a nun at the convent of Cheties, 
who sought shelter during the Terror with Sister 
Marthe and Abbe de Marolles, in a wretched house 
in Faubourg Saint-Martin, Paris. — Sister Agathe 
was by birth i' Langeais. — An Episode under the 

Aiglemont (General, Marquis Victor d'), heir of 
the Marquises d' Aiglemont, and nephew of the dow- 
ager Comtesse de Listom^re-Landon; born in 1783. — 
After having been the lover of the Mar^chale de Ca- 
rigliano, he married, toward the close of 181 3, — he 
was then one of the youngest and most brilliant colo- 
nels in the French cavalry, — Mademoiselle Julie de 
Chatillonest, his cousin, with whom he lived in 
Touraine, at Paris, and at Versailles* in succession. 
He took part in the last struggles of the Empire; but 
the Restoration released him from his oath to Napo- 
leon, restored his titles, bestowed on him a command 
in the gardes du corps which gave him the rank of 
general, and, later, made him a peer of France. He 
abandoned his wife little by little, and was false to 
her with Madame de Serizy. — The Marquis d'Aigle- 
mont had had, in 1817, a daughter — see H^l^ne 
d' Aiglemont — ^who was his living portrait, physically 

* The rasIdMce of the Marquli d'Alglemont at Versailles was. It seems, what 
Is now No. 57 Aveooe de Paris; It was occupied afterward by one of the authors 
of this work. 

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and morally; his last three children came into the 
world during a liaison between the Marquise d'Aigle- 
mont and the brilliant diplomat Charles de Vande- 
nesse. In 1827, the general was hard hit, as was his 
ward and cousin, Godefroid de Beaudenord, by the 
premeditated bankruptcy of the Baron de Nucingen; 
he lost a million francs, which he had invested in the 
mines of Wortschin; thereafter he speculated, bor- 
rowing money on his wife's property, and ruined 
himself completely. He sailed for America, whence 
he returned, six years later, having made a new 
fortune. He died, worn out, in 1835. — The House of 
the Cat and Racket. — The House of Nucingen. — A 
Woman of Thirty. 

Aiglemont (Generate, Marquise Julie d'), wife of 
the preceding; born in 1792. — It was contrary to the 
advice of her aged father, Monsieur de Chatillonest, 
that she married, in 181 3, the fascinating Colonel 
Victor d'Aiglemont, her cousin. Speedily disillu- 
sioned, afflicted, moreover, with " an inflammation, 
not uncommonly fatal, of the sort which women 
whisper about among themselves," she fell into a 
state of profound melancholia. The death of the 
Comtesse de Listom^re-Landon, her aunt by mar- 
riage, deprived her of valuable advice and affection. 
However, she became a mother, and found, in the 
realization of her new duties, strength to resist 
the love which she felt — and which was returned — 
for a young and romantic Englishman, Lord Arthur 
Ormond Grenville, who, having studied medicine, 

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prescribed for her and cured her physical ailments, 
and died in order not to compromise her. The 
marchioness, broken-hearted, retired to the solitude 
of an ancient chateau, situated in the midst of a dis- 
mal, arid region between Moret and Montereau; she 
lived there for about a year, absorbed by her sorrow, 
refusing the religious consolation offered by the old 
oixk of the village of Saint-Lange; then she re- 
appeared in society in Paris. Soon after, being 
then thirty years of age, she yielded to the genuine 
passion of the Marquis de Vandenesse. A child, 
named Charles, was born of this connection, but 
died under tragical circumstances soon after. Two 
other children, Molna and Abel, were born during 
this liaison; they became their mother's favorites, 
to the detriment of the two elder children, Heline 
and Gustave, who really belonged to the Marquis 
d'Aiglemont. When she was about fifty, Madame 
d'Aiglemont, being then a widow and having only 
one of her five children left, Molna, married her, 
sacrificing for that purpose her whole fortune, to 
Monsieur de Saint-Hereen, heir of one of the most 
illustrious families of France. She went to live with 
her son-in-law, in a magnificent house on the Espla- 
nade des Invalides; but her daughter did not return 
her affection; irritated by the observations Madame 
d'Aiglemont made to her concerning the compromis- 
ing attentions of the son of the Marquis de Vande- 
nesse, Molna went so far one day as to remind her 
mother of her guilty connection with the young 
man's father; the poor woman, who was physically 

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a complete wreck, deaf, and suffering from heart 
complaint, died from the effects of that blow, in 
1844.— y< Woman of Thirty. 

Aiglemont (Hel^ne d'), eldest daughter of the 
Marquis and Marquise Victor d'Aiglemont, born in 
1817, Neglected by her mother, as was her brother 
Gustave» in favor of Charles, Abel, and MoYna, 
Hel&ne became jealous and suspicious; when she 
was about eight years old, in a frenzy of jealous 
hatred, she pushed her brother Charles into the 
Bifevre, where he was drowned. This childish 
crime was always considered a horrible accident. 
Having become a young woman, Hel^ne fled with 
a mysterious adventurer, fleeing from justice, who 
sought shelter momentarily at the Marquis d'Aigle- 
mont's house at Versailles, one Christmas night. 
Her father, in despair, searched everywhere for 
her, but to no purpose; he did not see her again 
until seven years later, and then but once, on his 
return from America to France; the ship on which 
he was returning was captured by pirates, and the 
captain, who was no other than Heline's abductor, 
the " Parisian," spared the marquis and his fortune. 
The lovers had four beautiful children and lived to- 
gether in perfect happiness, sharing the same perils; 
Hel&ne refused to follow her father. In 183$, a few 
months after her husband's death, Madame d'Aigle- 
mont, while taking the youthful Molna to the waters 
of the Pyrenees, was implored to assist a poor sick 
woman, in whom she recognized H^l&ne. She had 

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just escaped from a shipwreck and had saved but 
one child: both died almost immediately in Madame 
d'Aiglemont's presence. — A Woman of Thirty. 

Aiglemont (Gustave d'), second child of the Mar- 
quis and Marquise Victor d' Aiglemont, born during 
the Restoration. — He appears for the first time, a mere 
child, in 1827 or 1828, returning with his father and 
his sister Hel^ne from the performance of a dismal 
melodrama at the Gatt^. They had been obliged to 
leave the theatre hurriedly, because the play excited 
Hel^ne overmuch, reminding her of the circumstances 
attending the death of her brother Charles, two or 
three years before. We find Gustave d'Aiglemont, 
In the costume of a lyceum-pupil, reading The Thou- 
sand and One Nights in the salon of the house at 
Versailles where the family are assembled, on the 
very evening of H^lfene's abduction. He died when 
still a young man, of the cholera, leaving a widow 
and children, for whom his mother, the dowager 
Marquise d' Aiglemont, displayed Mittle affection. — 
A IVoman of Thirty. 

Aiglemont (Charles d'), third child of the Mar- 
quis and Marquise Victor d'Aiglemont, born during 
Madame d'Aiglemont's intimacy with the Marquis 
de Vandenesse. — He appears but once, one morning 
in the spring of 1824 or 1825, when he was four 
years old, walking on Boulevard des Gobelins with 
his sister Hfelftne, his mother, and the Marquis de 
Vandenesse. Hfelfene, in a sudden frenzy of jealous 

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hatred, pushed little Charles into the Bifevre, where 
he was drowned. — A Woman of Thirty. 

Aiglemont (Molna d'), fourth child and second 
daughter of the Marquis and Marquise Victor d' Ai- 
glemont. — A Woman of Thirty. — See Comtesse de 

Aiglemont (Abel d'), fifth and last child of the 
Marquis and Marquise Victor d' Aiglemont, born 
during his mother's connection with Monsieur de 
Vandenesse. — He and Molna were Madame d'Aigle- 
mont's favorites. Killed in Africa, before Constan- 
tine. — A Woman of Thirty. 

Ajuda-Pinto (Marquis Miguel d'), Portuguese, 
belonging to a very old and very wealthy family, 
the elder branch of which was connected by mar- 
riage with the Braganzas and Grandlieus. — In 1819, 
he was numbered among the most illustrious leaders 
of Parisian fashion. About the same time, he began 
to neglect Claire de Bourgogne, Vicomtesse de Beau- 
seant, with. whom he had been on intimate terms 
for three years; after deceiving her as to his real 
plans, he restored her letters to her through the 
medium of Eugene de Rastignac, and married Made- 
moiselle Bertha de Rochefide. — Old Goriot. — Splen- 
dors and Miseries of Courtesans. — In 1832, he was 
at an evening-party at Madame d'Espard's, where 
all the guests united in speaking ill of the Princesse 
de Cadignan, in presence of Daniel d'Arthez, at 

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that time violently in love with her. — Tke Secrets 
of the Princesse de Cadignan. — Becoming a widower 
about 1840, the marquis married Mademoiselle Jo- 
sephine de Grandlieu, third daughter of the last 
duke of that name. Shortly after, he took a hand 
in the plot devised by the friends of the Duchesse 
de Grandlieu and Madame du Guenic to rescue 
Calyste du Guenic from the clutches of the Mar- 
quise de Rochefide. — Biatrix. 

Ajuda-Pinto (Marquise Berthe d'), born Roche- 
fide. — In 1820, she married the Marquis Miguel 
d'Ajuda-Pinto, and died about 1840. — Beatrix. 

Ajuda-Pinto (Marquise Josephine d'), one of 
the daughters of the Due and Duchesse Ferdinand 
de Grandlieu, and second wife of Marquis Miguel 
d'Ajuda-Pinto, with whom she was previously con- 
nected by marriage; their wedding took place about 
1640.— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Alain (Frederic), born about 1767. — He had been 
a clerk in the office of Bordin, procureur at the 
Chatelet; in 1798, he lent a hundred crowns in 
gold to Mongenod, his friend in boyhood; as the 
money was not repaid, Monsieur Alain was well- 
nigh ruined, and had to accept a subordinate position 
at the Mont-de-Pi^ti, with which he combined the 
functions of bookkeeper for the famous perfumer, 
Cfesar Birotteau. In 18 16, Mongenod, having become 
very wealthy, compelled Monsieur Alain to accept 

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a hundred and fifty thousand francs in repayment 
of the hundred crowns he had lent him: thereupon 
the worthy man devoted his unlooked-for wealth to 
works of charity, in concert with Popinot the judge; 
subsequently, from 1825, he became one of the most 
zealous assistants of Madame de la Chanterie and her 
benevolent society. It was through Monsieur Alain 
that Godefroid became one of the Brothers of Conso- 
lation. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Albertine, lady's-maid to Madame de Bargeton, 
between 1821 and 1824. — Lost Illusions. 

Albon (Marquis d'), counsellor at the royal court 
and ministerial deputy under the Restoration; born 
in 1777. — In September, 1819, he was hunting on 
the outskirts of the forest of Isle-Adam with his 
friend Philippe de Sucy, who suddenly fell to the 
ground unconscious at sight of an unfortunate mad- 
woman in whom he recognized his former mistress, 
Stephanie de Vandi^res. The Marquis d'Albon, with 
the assistance of two persons who were driving by. 
Monsieur and Madame de Granville, restored Mon- 
sieur de Sucy to consciousness; then, at Philippe's 
request, he betook himself to Stephanie's retreat, 
where he learned from the poor creature's uncle the 
sad story of the love-affairs of his friend and Madame 
de Vandiferes. — Adieu. 

Albrizzi (Comtesse), at Venice, in 1820, was a 
friend of the famous musical enthusiast, Capraja. — 
MassimiUa Doni. 

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Alcindor. — " E. de B , alias Alcindor/' — 

such was the signature affixed to a police report 
addressed in 1840 to Monsieur de Saint-Estfeve — 
Vautrin — concerning the counterfeiter Schirmer.— 
The Beauvisage Family. 

Aldrig[ger (Jean-Baptiste, Baron d'), Alsatian, 
born in 1764. — While a banker at Strasburg in 
1800, at the apogee of a fortune begun during the 
Revolution, he married, through ambition and incli- 
nation combined, the heiress of the Adolphuses of 
Manheim, a young woman adored by a whole 
family, whose wealth she naturally inherited, all 
within a period of ten years. Aldrigger, made a 
baron by the Emperor, conceived a passionate vene- 
ration for the great man who had given him his title, 
and ruined himself in 1814 and 181 5 because he had 
taken the ''Sun of Austerlitz" seriously. At the 
time of the invasion, the honest Alsatian continued 
to pay his obligations and withdraw from the bank- 
ing business, thereby calling forth this comment 
from Nucingen, his former head-clerk: '* Honest, 
but a fool." Baron Aldrigger then came to Paris; he 
still retained an income of forty-four thousand francs, 
which was reduced by more than half at his death, in 
1823, by reason of the extravagance and recklessness 
of his wife. She was left a widow with two daugh- 
ters, Malvina and Isaure. — The House of Nucingen. 

Aldrigger (Th^odora-Marguerite-Wilhelmine, Ba- 
ronne d'), born Adolphus. — Daughter of the banker 

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Adolphus of Manheim, utterly spoiled by her father 
and mother; married, in i8cx), the Strasburg banker 
Aldrigger, who also spoiled her, as did, subsequently, 
the two daughters whom she had by her husband. 
She was a superficial, incapable, self-centred crea- 
ture, pretty, and a flirt; at forty years, she had 
retained her bloom almost intact, and could still be 
called " the little Alpine shepherdess/' When the 
baron died, in 1823, she came very near following 
him, her grief was so intense; at breakfast the next 
day, they gave her petits pots, of which she was 
very fond, and the petits pois allayed her frenzy. 
She lived on Rue Joubert, in Paris, and held recep- 
tions there before the marriage of her younger 
daughter. — The House of Nucingen. 

Aldrigger (Malvina d'), elder daughter of the 
Baron and Baronne d' Aldrigger, born at Strasburg, 
in 1801, when everything was " Ossianlzed." — 
Tall, slender, passionate, with a brilliant complexion, 
she very well represented the woman in Ave^-vous 
vu dans Barcehne? Intelligent, proud, all soul, all 
feeling, all expansiveness, she fell in love, none the 
less, with the bloodless Ferdinand du Tillet, who 
thought momentarily of marrying her, but soon 
withdrew his suit when he learned that the Aldrig- 
ger family was ruined. Desroches, the solicitor, 
also thought of seeking Malvina's hand, and he, too, 
abandoned the idea. The girl was urged to marry 
by Eugene de Rastignac, who acted as her adviser; 
nevertheless she died an old maid, drying up from 

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day to day, giving lessons on the piano, living in 
very humble fashion with her mother in a modest 
third-floor apartment on Rue du Mont-Thabor. — Tke 
House of Nudngen. 

Aldrigger (Isaure d'), second daughter of the 
Baron and Baronne d'Aldrigger, married to Gode- 
froid de Beaudenord. See that name. — The House 
of Nudngen. 

Aline, a young Auvergnate, maid to Madame 
V^ronique Grasiin, to whom she was attached, body 
and soul. — Aline was the only person to whom the 
terrible seaets of Madame Graslin's life were fully 
known. — The tillage Curi. 

Allegrain* (Christophe-Gabriel), a French sculp- 
tor, born in 1710. — In 1758, at Rome, he, with 
Lauterbourg and Vien, assisted his friend Sarrasine 
to kidnap Zambinella, then a famous singer; the 
prima donna was a eunuch. — Sarrasine. 

Almada (Due d'), chamberlain to the Emperor 
of Brazil in 1842; born in 1760. — At the age of 
eighty-two, he became enamored of Luigia, then 
prima donna at the theatre of Rio de Janeiro. 
Being married, he determined to marry her as soon 
as he should be widowed; but, shortly after his 
wife's death, he fell into the sea while rowing with 

* We owe 10 the scalptor Alferraln. who died In 1795. *■ Kmrdsmtt • Dimim, 
and a Kraw BnUrimf ib* B^dh, now III the Mutot da Louvre. 

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Luigia, was saved by her, and he adopted her. He 
died very soon, and Luigia inherited his title and his 
immense fortune. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Alphonse, a friend of the ruined orphan Charles 
Grandet, — ^temporarily in retirement at Saumur, — 
acquitted himself very successfully of a mission 
entrusted to him by the young man in 1819: he 
arranged his affairs in Paris, and paid the debts he 
had left behind him with the proceeds of a sale of 
his property. — Euginie Grandet. 

Al-Sartchild, name of a German banking-house, 
with which Gedeon Brunner was compelled to de- 
posit the money belonging to his son FrM^ric, as 
his mother's heir. — Cousin Pons. 

Althor (Jacob), a banker at Hamburg, estab- 
lished at Havre since 181 5. — He had a son whom 
Monsieur and Madame Mignon, in 1829, dreamed of 
as a son-in-law. — Modeste Mignon. 

Althor (Francisque), son of Jacob Althor. — 
Francisque was the dandy of Havre in 1829; he 
was engaged to marry Modeste Mignon, but he very 
quickly abandoned his fiancee, when he supposed that 
the family was ruined. Shortly after, he married the 
elder Mademoiselle Vilquin. — Modeste Mignon. 

Amanda, milliner in Paris, under the reign of 
Louis-Philippe. — Among her customers was Margaret 

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Turquet^ alias Malaga, who seldom paid her. — A 
Man of Business. 

Amaury (Madame), in 1829, owned a pavilion at 
Sanvic, near Ingouville, which Canalis hired when 
he went to Havre to see Mademoiselle Mignon. — 
Modeste Mignon. 

Ambermesnil (Comtesse de T), about 1819, at 
the age of thirty-six or thereabout, became a boarder 
at the establishment of Madame Veuve Vauquer, born 
at Conflans, on Rue Neuve Sainte-Geneviive,* Paris. 
Madame de T Ambermesnil claimed to be awaiting the 
final adjustment of a pension due her as the widow 
of a general who died *'on the fields of battle." 
Madame Vauquer lavished attentions upon her and 
confided all her affairs to her. After six months, 
the countess disappeared without paying her board. 
Although Madame Vauquer sought for her with the 
utmost determination, she was unable to obtain any 
information concerning the adventuress. — Old Goriot. 

Am^die, name given to Felix de Vandenesse by 
Lady Dudley, at the time she thought that she 
detected a rival in Madame de Mortsauf . — The Lily 
of the Galley. 

Anchise (Pire), name given by La Palferine to 
a little ten-year old Savoyard, who was of no use 
to him. '* 1 have never seen so much idiocy com- 
bined with so much intelligence," the Prince of 

• Now Ru* Touraefort 

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Bohemia said of the child; " he would go through 
fire and water for me, he understands everything, 
but does not understand that 1 can do nothing for 
him." — A Prinu of Bohemia. 

Andr6, servant to Baron de Werchauffen — ^Schir- 
mer — in 1840. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Angard. — In 1840, at Paris, " Professor" Angard 
was consulted, with Doctors Bianchon and Larabit, 
in the case of Madame Hector Hulot, who was thought 
to be In danger of losing her reason. — Cousin Bette. 

Angl6ique (Sister), nun in the Carmelite Con- 
vent at Blois, under Louis XVIII.; famous for her 
thinness. — ^She was known to Renee de TEstoraoe — 
Madame de Maucombe — ^and Louise de Chaulieu, — 
Madame Marie Gaston, — who obtained their early 
education in that convent. — Memoirs of Two Young 

Anicette, the Princesse de Cadignan's lady's- 
maid in 1839. — A shrewd, pretty peasant-girl of 
Champagne, whom the sub-prefect of Arcis-sur- 
Aube, Maxime de Trailles, and Madame Beauvisage, 
the mayor's wife, severally sought to corrupt and to 
employ in behalf of various candidates for the seat 
in the Chamber. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Annette, baptismal name of a young woman in 
Parisian society under the Restoration. — She had 
been educated at Ecouen, where she had had the 

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benefit of Madame de Campan's practical advice. 
She was Charles Grandet's mistress before the 
death of the young man's father. In the latter part 
of 1819, some suspicion having fallen upon her« it 
became necessary that she should sacrifice her hap- 
piness momentarily, and she travelled with her hus- 
band in Scotland, sadly bored. She ** feminized " 
and materialized her lover, advising him to resort to 
anything in order to succeed; when he returned from 
the Indies in 1827, she strongly urged him to marry 
Mademoiselle d'Aubrion. — Euginie Grandet. 

Annette, maid-servant in the Rigou family, at 
Blangy — Bourgogne. — In 1823, she was nineteen 
years old and had occupied the position more than 
three years, although Gregoire Rigou made it a rule 
never to keep his servants, all of whom he honored 
with his favors, a longer time than that. Annette, 
a sweet, dainty, fair-haired creature, a genuine chef- 
d'oeuvre of delicate and piquant beauty, worthy of 
a duchess's coronet, earned only thirty francs a 
year. She kept up a connection with Jean-Louis 
Tonsard, unsuspected by her master: ambition had 
suggested to her the employment of flattery to blind 
that lynx. — The Peasants. 

Anselme, Jesuit, living on Rue des Postes,* a 
distinguished mathematician, in which capacity he 
came in contact with Felix Phellion, whom he tried to 
convert to the practice of religion. — ^This somewhat 

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uncertain information concerning him was furnished 
by a certain Madame Komorn. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Antoine, born in the village of Echelles — Savoie. 
— In 1824, he was the oldest in length of service of 
the clerks in the Ministry of Finance, where he had 
found places even more humble than his own for 
two of his nephews, Laurent and Gabriel, both of 
whom were married to capable lace-laundresses. 
Antoine, who had a hand in all the active work 
of the department, harried, criticised, scolded, and 
petted, at one time or another, Clement Chardin 
des Lupeaulx, Ernest de la Brl^re, La Billardi^re, 
Benjamin de la Billardi^re, Xavier Rabourdin, Isi- 
dore Baudoyer, Du Bruel, — Cursy, — ^Jean-Jacques 
Bixiou, Godard, Phellion, Clergeot, Colleville, 
Thuiller, Paulmier, Vimeux, Francois Minard, Se- 
bastien de la Roche, Fleury, Desroys, Saillard, and 
the two Poirets. He liveid, presumably, with his 
nephews. — The Civil Service. 

Antoine, an old servant in the employ of the 
Marquise Beatrix de Rochefide, in 1840, on Rue 
Chartres-du-Roule, near Pare Monceau, Paris. — 

Antonia. — ^See Mademoiselle Chocardelle. 

Aquilina, a courtesan in Paris, under the Resto- 
ration and Louis-Philippe. — She claimed to be a 
Piedmontese; her true name was not known; she 
had borrowed this nom de guerre from one of the 

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characters in Otway's famous tragedy yenice Pre- 
served, which she had happened to read. At sixteen 
years of age» a lovely girl and still pure, as she was 
about to begin a life of prostitution, she fell in with 
Castanier, Nucingen's cashier, who resolved to res- 
cue her from vice for his own advantage, and lived 
with her as her husband on Rue Richer. At that 
time, Aquilina took the name of Madame de la 
Garde. Simultaneously with Castanier she had for 
lover a certain Leon, a subaltern in an infantry regi- 
ment, who was no other than one of the sergeants 
of La Rochelle, executed on Place de Grive in 1822* 
She was present one evening, during the reign of 
Louis XVIIL, and just before that execution, at a 
performance at the Gymnase, where she laughed 
heartily at the comic acting of Perlet in the ConUdien 
d'Etampes, while Castanier, persecuted by Melmoth, 
followed the agonizing changes of a ghastly inward 
drama. — Melmoih Converted. — She appears subse- 
quently at a famous debauch at Frederic Taillefer's, 
on Rue Joubert, with Emile Blondet, Rastignac, 
Bixiou, and Raphael de Valentin. She was a tall, 
well-proportioned girl, of superb carriage, with 
strongly-marked, irregular features, her eyes atwi 
her smile terrified the thought; she always wore a 
bit of red somewhere about her person, in memory 
of her beheaded lover. — The Magic Skin. 

Arcos (Comte d'), grandee of Spain, living in 
the p)eninsula at the time of Napoleon's expedition. — 
He would perliaps have married Maria-Pepita-Juana 

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Marana de Mancini, had it not been for the peculiar 
circumstances which caused her marriage to Francois 
Diard, a French oflScer. — The Maranas. 

Argalolo (Due d'), a very wealthy and very 
noble Italian, and, although an oJd man, the re- 
spected husband of her who afterward became 
Duchesse de Rhetor^, to the everlasting grief of 
Albert Savarus. — He died in 1835, almost an octo- 
genarian. — Albert Savarus. 

ArgaKolo (Duchesse d'), born Soderim, wife of 
the Due d'Argalolo. — At his death, in 1835, she 
married the Due de Rhfetore. — Albert Savarus. — 
See Duchesse de Rhetore. 

Arrachelaine, sobriquet of the thief Ruffard. — 
See that name. — Splendors and Miseries of Cour-- 
tesans: The Last Incarnation of Fautrin. 

Arthez (Daniel d'), one of the most illustrious 
writers of the nineteenth century, and one of those 
rare mortals who present " the combination of noble 
talent and noble character." Born between 1794 
and 1796; of a noble family of Picardie. — In 1821, 
when about twenty -five years of age, he was very 
poor and lived on the fifth floor of a dismal house on 
Rue des Quatre-Vents, Paris, where the famous sur- 
geon Desplein had lived in his youth. There assem- 
bled Horace Bianchon, then an interne at H6tel-Dieu; 
Leon Giraud, the profound philosopher; Joseph Bri- 
dau, the painter, so famous in after-years; Fulgence 

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Ridal, a comic poet of great brilliancy; Meyraux, an 
eminent physiologist, who died very young; with 
Louis Lambert, and Michel Chrestien, the republi- 
can federalist, both of whom likewise were cut off 
in their prime. These brave-hearted, talented men 
were joined by Lucien de Rubempre, the poet, intro- 
duced by Daniel d'Arthez, whom they recognized as 
their leader. This gathering had taken the name of 
" Cfenacle.*' Arthez and his friends advised, and, 
at need, assisted Lucien, that ''provincial great man 
in Paris,'' who came to such a tragic end. Indeed, 
with most extraordinary unselfishness, Arthez cor- 
rected and revamped Lucien 's Archer de Charles IX., 
and the book in his hands became a superb work. 
Arthez also was intimate for a time with Marie 
Gaston, a young poet of his temper, but ''femi- 
nized." Arthez was dark, long-haired, quite short, 
and resembled Bonaparte. He was very sober in 
his habits, drinking nothing but water, and abso- 
lutely chaste; he took his meals for a long while 
at Flicoteaux's in the Quartier Latin, the rival of 
Rousseau the Aquatic. In 1832, having won re- 
nown, he enjoyed an income of about thirty thou- 
sand francs bequeathed by an uncle, who had left 
him in utter destitution so long as he remained 
obscure. Arthez at that time occupied a small 
house of his own on Rue de Bellefond, where he 
lived, as formerly, an austerely simple, laborious 
life. He was a deputy and sat on the Right, being 
a champion of the divine right of royalty. When 
his fortune came, he had a most commonplace and 

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incomprehensible liaison with a woman, not ill-look- 
ing, but of inferior station, and utterly without 
education or manners. Arthez kept her carefully 
concealed from all eye^, and this long liaison, far 
from being agreeable to him as a matter of habit, 
had become unendurable. At this juncture, he was 
invited to the house of Diane de Maufrigneuse, 
Princesse de Cadignan, who was then thirty-six 
years old but looked much younger. The cele- 
brated "great coquette" confided to him her so- 
called " secrets," actually offered herself to a man 
whom she called an ** illustrious idiot," and made 
him her lover. From that day, nothing more was 
heard of the princess or of Daniel d'Arthez; the 
great writer, whose publications became very rare, 
appeared no more, except at the Chamber of Depu- 
ties during the winter months. — Lost Illusions. — 
Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — TTie Deputy from 
Arcis. — The Secrets of the Princesse de Cadignan. 

Asia, one of the assumed names of Jacqueline 
Collin. — See that ndsa^.Splendars and Miseries of 

Astaroth. — This was the name of a toad used in 
her divinations by Madame Fontaine, a fortune-teller, 
on Rue Vieille-du-Temple, Paris, in the time of Louis- 
Philippe« This enormous batrachian, with topaz 
eyes as large as fifty-centime pieces, made a pro- 
found impression on Sylvestre-Palafox Gazonal, who 
was taken to the witch's den by his cousin L6on de 

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Lora, supported by Jean- Jacques Bixiou. Madame 
Cibot, concierge on Rue de Normandie, also observed 
Astaroth when, impelled by cupidity, she went to 
Madame Fontaine to have her fortune told. Lastly, 
in 1839, a pregnant woman was so startled by the 
hideous creature that she gave birth to a dead 
child. — The Involuntary Comedians. — Cousin Pons. — 
The Deputy Jrom Arcis. 

Athalie, cook in the service of Madame Schontz 
in 1836. — She possessed, according to her mistress, 
a peculiar talent for preparing venison. — The Muse of 
the Department. 

Aubrion (Marquis d'), gentleman-in-waiting in 
ordinary to Charles X. — He was of the family of 
Aubrion de Buch, whose last chief died before 1789. 
He had committed the folly of marrying a woman of 
fashion when he was already advanced in years, 
and, being reduced to about twenty thousand francs 
a year, which barely kept him alive in Paris, he de- 
sired to marry his daughter without a dowry to some 
man who was intoxicated with nobility. In 1827, 
according to Madame d' Aubrion, this relic of an- 
tiquity was passionately enamored of the Duchesse 
de Chaulieu. — Euginie Grandet. 

Aubrion (Marquise d'), wife of the preceding; 
born in 1789. — The Marquise d'Aubrion, who was 
still beautiful and still made pretensions to conquest 
at the age of thirty-eight, endeavored, in 1827, by 
every means in her power, to capture Charles 

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Grandet, just returned from India, whom she 
wished to make her son-in-law; she accomplished 
her object. — Euginie Grandet. 

Aubrion (Mathilde d'), daughter of the Marquis 
and Marquise d' Aubrion; born in 1808; married to 
Charles Grandet. — ^See Charles Grandet. 

Aubrion (Comte d*). — This title was assumed 
by Charles Grandet after his marriage to the Mar- 
quis d'Aubrion's daughter. — The House ofNucingen. 

Auffray, grocer at Provins, in the time of Louis 
XV., Louis XVI., and the Revolution. — Monsieur 
Auffray was first married at the age of eighteen, 
and had contracted a second marriage at sixty- 
nine. By his first wife he had a daughter, an 
unprepossessing creature, married at sixteen to a 
Provins innkeeper named Rogron; by his second 
wife he had another daughter, a charming girl, 
however, who married a Breton, a captain in the 
Garde Imp^riale. Pierrette Lorrain was this offi- 
cer's daughter. The ex-grocer, Auffray, died at 
the age of eighty-eight, during the Empire, so sud- 
denly that he had no time to make a will. The 
settlement of the estate was managed so adroitly by 
Rogron, the husband of the deceased's first daughter, 
that almost nothing was left for the goodman's widow, 
who was only thirty-eight. — Pierrette. 

Auffray (Madame), wife of the preceding. — See 
Madame N6raud. 

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AuiTray, notary at Provins in 1827, — Married to 
Madame Cu6nee's third daughter; grand-nephew of 
Auffray the old grocer and substitute guardian of 
Pierrette Lorrain. As a result of the cruel treat- 
ment to which she was subjected at Denis Rogron's, 
who was her guardian, she was taken, seriously ill, 
to the house of Auffray the notary appointed guar- 
dian in Rogron's place, and there she died, although 
she was most tenderly cared for. — Pierrette. 

Auffray (Madame), born Gufenee. — ^Wife of the 
preceding. Third daughter of Madame Gu6n^, 
born Tiphaine. She was extremely kind to Pier- 
rette Lorrain, and nursed her tenderly in her ill- 
ness. — Pierrette. 

Auguste, name assumed by Boislaurier as leader 
of " brigands " in the rebellions in the West under 
the Republic and the Empire. — The Other Side of 
Contemporaneous History. 

Auguste, valet de chambre to General Marquis 
Armand de Montriveau, under the Restoration, at 
the time he lived on Rue de Seine near the Cham- 
ber of Peers, and was on terms of intimacy with 
Duchesse Antoinette de Langeais. — History of the 
Thirteen: La Duchesse de Langeais. 

Auguste, a celebrated assassin, executed in the 
early years of the Restoration. — He left a mistress 
known as La Rousse, to whom Jacques Collin, 
in 1819, faithfully delivered twenty and some odd 
thousand francs from her lover. This woman, who 

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was married in 1821, through the efforts of Jacques 
Collin's sister, to the head clerk of a wealthy whole- 
sale dealer in hardware, was still, although leading 
a virtuous life, bound by a secret agreement to the 
terrible Jacques Collin and his sister. — See Madame 
Prelard. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans: The 
Last Incarnation of yautrin. 

Auguste (Madame), Esther Gobseck's dress- 
maker and her creditor in the time of Louis XVIII. 
— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Augustin, valet de chambre to Monsieur de Serizy 
in 1822. — A Start in Life. 

Aur61ie, courtesan in Paris under Louis-Philippe, 
at the time when Madame Fabien du Ronceret began 
her amorous career. — Beatrix. 

Aur61ie (Little), one of the names assumed by 
Josephine Schiltz, also called Schontz, who after- 
ward became Madame Fabien du Ronceret. — Beatrix. 

Auvergnat (The), one of the sobriquets of the 
criminal S^lerier, also called P^re Ralleau, the Rou- 
leur, Fil-de-Soie. — Splendors and Miseries of Courte- 
sans: The Last Incarnation of yautrin. — SeeSel6rier. 

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Babylas, Am^dee de Soulas's groom or "tiger," 
in 1834, ^t Besancon; about forty years old at that 
time; son of one of his master's farmers. — He earned 
thirty-six francs a month and kept himself, but was 
dressed and 'Maundered." — Albert Savarus. 

Baptiste, valet de ckambre to the Duchesse de 
Lenoncourt-Chaulieu, in 1830. — Splendors and Mis- 
eries of Courtesans. 

Barbanchu, a bohemian with a pointed cap; 
divers journalists who were breakfasting at Vefour's 
at Jerdme Thuillier's expense, in 1840, called him 
in from the street, and invited him to make tlie 
most of the windfall. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Barbanti (The), a Corsican family which brouglit 
about a reconciliation between the Ptombos and the 
Portas, in 1800. — The Vendetta. 

Barbet. — A dynasty of puWisher-old-bookshop- 
bill discounters at Paris, under the Restoration and 
Louis-Philippe. They were Normans. In 1821 
and the following years, one of them had a little 
shop on Quai des Grands-Augustins and bought 
books from Lousteau. In 1836, a Barbet, in part- 
nership with Metivier and Morand, was part owner 
of a wretched house on Rue Notre-Dame-des- 
Champs and Boulevard du Mont-Parnasse, where 

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Baron Bourlac lived with his daughter and grand- 
son. In 184a, the Barbets, genuine usurers, sold 
notes of hand to the house of Cfirizet & Co, In the 
same year, a Barbet occupied an apartment on the 
first floor and a shop on the ground-floor of a house 
belonging to Jerdme Thuillier, on Rue Saint-Domi* 
nique-d'Enfer ; * he was the " shark of the publishing 
business.*' Barbet junior, a nephew of the last- 
named, and a publisher on Passage des Panoramas^ 
brought out at the same time a pamphlet written by 
Th. de la Peyrade, but signed by Thuillier, the title 
being '* Taxes and the Sinking Fund." — Lost Illu- 
sions. — A Man of Business. — The Other Side of Con- 
iemporaneous History. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Barbette, wife of Cibot, alias Galope-Chopine. — 
The Chouans.—See Barbette Cibot. 

Barchou de Penhoen (Auguste-Th^odore-Hi- 
laire), born at Morlaix, — Finistfere, — April 28, 1801, 
died at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, July 29, 1855. — 
Schoolmate of Balzac, Jules Dufaure, and Louis 
Lambert, and the latter's dormitory neighbor at the 
college of Vendftme, in 181 1. Later, a military offi- 
cer, then a writer of exalted philosophical views, 
translator of Fichte, interpreter and friend of Bal- 
lanche. In 1849, he was sent by his compatriots 
in Finistfere to the Legislative Assembly, where he 
represented Legitimist and Catholic Ideas. He pro- 
tested against the coup d'Etat of Decemt)er 2, 1851. 

• Now Roe Royer^ColUurd^ 

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— See Victor Hugo's Story of a Crime. — As a child, 
he affected scepticism; at one time, he denied the 
faculties of Louis Lambert. — Louis Lambert. 

Bargeton (De), born between 1761 and 1763. — 
Great-grandson of a warden of Bordeaux, named 
Mirault, who was ennobled under Louis XIIL, and 
whose son became, under Louis XIV., Mirault de 
Bargeton, and was an officer in the gardes de la porte. 
He owned a mansion at Angoul£me, on Rue de 
Minage,* where he lived with his wife, Marie- 
Louise- Anais de Nfegrepelisse, to whom he was com- 
pletely subjected; for her, and at her instigation, he 
fought a duel with one of the habitues of her salon, 
Stanislas de Chandour, who had spread through the 
town a calumnious rumor concerning Madame de 
Bargeton, and he planted a ball in his adversary's 
neck. His father-in-law. Monsieur de N^repelisse, 
was one of the seconds in the affair; Monsieur de 
Bargeton retired with him to his estate at Escarbas, 
near Barbezieux, when his wife left AngouWme for 
Paris in consequence of this duel. Monsieur de 
Bargeton was considerably the worse for the dissi- 
pation of his amorous youth. He was an insignifi- 
cant man, a great glutton, and died of indigestion 
in the latter part of 1821. — Lost Illusions. 

Bargeton (Madame de), born Marie-Louise-Anats 
de N^repelisse, wife of the preceding; after his 

*Thlt ttrecC still bears fhe same nsne— as It Is reported by Monsieur Alb^ 
Sacofid, a native of An^oullme, and a most accomplished Batsacleo. 

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death, married a second time to Baron Sixte du 
Chatelet.— See Baronne Sixte du Ch^teiet. 

Barillaudy an acquaintance of Frederic Alain, who 
first aroused Alain's suspicions with regard to Mon- 
genod. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Barimore (Lord), an Englishman, son-in-law of 
old Lord Dudley. — Although advanced in years, in 
1839 he sighed for Luigia, then singing at the Italian 
Theatre in London. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Barimore (Lady), daughter of Lord Dudley, 
and, according to all the evidence, wife of the above- 
mentioned Lord Barimore. — Shortly after 1830, she 
was present at a rout at Mademoiselle des Touches's, 
Rue de la Chausste d' Antin, when Marsay described 
his first love-affair. — Another Study of Woman. 

Barker (William), one of the " incarnations " of 
Vautrin. — He figured under this pseudonym in 1824 
or 1825 as one of the creditors of Monsieur d'Es- 
tourny, and induced C^rizet, Monsieur d'Estourny's 
partner, to indorse notes for him. — Splendors and 
Miseries of Courtesans. 

Barnheim, a worthy family of Baden; of this 
family was the mother of Madame du Ronceret, 
alias Schiltz, alias Schontz. — Biatrix. 

Bamiol, Phellion's son-in-law. — At the head of 
an institution of learning on Rue Hyacinthe-Saint- 
Michel,* in 1840. He was highly esteemed in 

• Kov Roe U Goff and Ru« MalebnuiclM. 

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Faubourg Saint- Jacques; he was an habitue of the 
Thuilliers' salon. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Barniol (Madame), born Phellion, wife of the 
preceding. — ^She had been sub-mistress in Mesde- 
moiselles Lagrave's boarding-school on Rue Notre- 
Dame-des-Champs. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Barry (John), a young English whipper-in, fa- 
mous in the Comte, whither the Prince de Loudon 
went to induce him to enter his service. — He was 
still in that nobleman's service in 1829-1830.— Afo- 
deste Mignon. 

Bartas (Adrlen de), of Angoulfime. — He and his 
wife were regular habitufes of the Bargeton salon in 
1821. Monsieur de Bartas thought of nothing but 
music> prided himself on his ability to discuss it, and 
sang baritone solos without waiting to be asked. He 
was supposed to be the lover of Madame de Brebian, 
who was the wife of his best friend; it is true that, 
if common gossip was to be believed. Monsieur de 
Brebian was Madame de Bartas's lover. — Lost Illu- 

Bartas (Madame Josephine de), wife of the pre- 
ceding, usually called Fifine by corruption of her 
Christian name. — Lost Illusions. 

Bastienne, milliner at Paris in 1821. — Finot's 
newspaper praised her hats, for a consideration, and 

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cried down Virginie's, which it had previously ex- 
tolled. — Lost Illusions. 

Batailles (The), Parisian bourgeois, tradesmen 
in the Marais, neighbors and friends of the Bau- 
doyers and Saillards in 1824. — Monsieur Bataille 
was a captain in the National Guard, and allowed 
no one to remain in ignorance of his rank. — The CivU 

Baudoyer (Monsieur and Madame), formerly> 
fellmongers, of Rue Censier, Paris. They owned 
a house there, and also a country house at Isle- 
Adam. Father and mother of an only son, Isidore, 
whose biography follows. Madame Baudoyer, born 
Mitral, was a sister of the bailiff of that name. — The 
Civil Service. 

Baudoyer (Isidore), born in 1788, only son of 
Monsieur and Madame Baudoyer, fellmongers, of Rue 
Censier, Paris. — He had taken a full preparatory 
course and entered the department of finance, where, 
by means of intrigue and despite his notorious 
incapacity, he had reached the position of head of 
a bureau. In 1824, a division-chief. Monsieur de la 
Biilardi^re, died, — ^an intelligent, hard-working man. 
Xavier Rabourdin was ambitious to succeed him, but 
the post fell to Isidore Baudoyer, who had the influ- 
ence of the Church and the power of wealth in his 
favor. — He did not retain the position long. — ^Six 
months later, he was collector of taxes in Paris. — 


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Isidore Baudoyer occupied with his wife and her 
parents a mansion on Place Royale/ which they 
owned jointly. — The Civil Service. — In 1840, he dined 
frequently with Thuillier, a former clerk in the 
department of finance, then living on Rue Saint- 
Dominique-d'Enfer. who had renewed his acquaint- 
ance with his former colleagues. — Tike Petty Bout* 
geois. — In 184$, this man, who had always been a 
model husband and who professed religious senti- 
ments, kept H^loise Brisetout; he was at that time 
mayor of the arrondissement of Place Royale. — 
Cousin Pans. 

Baudoyer (Madame), wife of the preceding and 
daughter of a cashier in the department of finance; 
born Elisabeth Satllard, in 1795. — Her mother, an 
Auvergnate, had an uncle, Bidault alias Gigonnet, 
who lent small sums at usurious rates in the quarter 
of the markets; on the other hand, her husband's 
mother was a sister of Mitral the bailiff; with the 
assi3tance of these two moneyed men, who wielded 
a very real secret power, and, thanks to her devout- 
ness, which brought her in contact with the clergy, 
she succeeded in raising her husband to the highest 
administrative posts, taking advantage of the finan- 
cial straits of Clement Chardin des Lupeaulx, secre- 
tary-general of the finances. — The Civil Service. 

Baudoyer (Mademoiselle), daughter of Isidore 
Baudoyer and Elisabeth Saillard, born in 1812; 

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brought up by her parents to be the wife of the 
shrewd and energetic speculator, Martin Falleix, 
brother of Jacques Falleix the note-broker. — The 
Civil Seroice. 

Baudrand, cashier of a boulevard theatre of 
which Gaudissart became manager about 1834. — 
His place was filled to some extent, in 184$, by 
Topinard the supernumerary .-^G^i^m Pans. 

Baudiy (Planat de), receiver-general of finances 
under the Restoration. — He had married one of the 
Comte de Fontaine's daughters; he generally passed 
the summer at Sceaux, with almost all his wife's 
family* — The Dance at Sceaux. 

Bauvan (Comte de), one of the organizers of an 
uprising of Chouans in the department of Ille-et- 
Vilaine, in 1799. — By means of a secret disclosure 
made to the Marquis de Montauran, his friend, con- 
cerning Mademoiselle de Verneuil's past, the Comte 
de Bauvan indirectly brought about the massacre 
of the Blues at La Viveti^re. Later, surprised in 
ambush by the republican troops, he was taken 
prisoner by Mademoiselle de Verneuii and owed his 
life to her; he was entirely devoted to her thereafter, 
and was present as a witness at her marriage to 
Montauran. — The Chouans. 

Bauvan (Comtesse de), probably the wife of the 
preceding, whom she survived. — About 1822, she 

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was proprietor of a lottery office in Paris, where 
Madame Agathe Bridau was employed at about the 
same time. — La RdbouiUeuse. 

Bauvan (Comte and Comtesse de), father and 
mother of Octave de Bauvan* — Elderly people, of 
the old court, living in an old-fashioned mansion on 
Rue Payenne, Paris, where they died about 1815, 
within a few months of each other, and before their 
son's conjugal catastrophe. — See Octave de Bau- 
van. — Probably connected with the two preceding. — 

Bauvan (Comte Octave de), French statesman 
and magistrate, born in 1787. — At the age of twenty- 
six, he married Honorine, a beautiful and wealthy 
young woman brought up by his side at the house 
of his father and mother, whose ward she was. 
Two or three years later, she left her husband's 
house, to the great grief of the count, who had no 
other thought than to win her back; after several 
years, he succeeded in inducing her to return 
through pity, but she soon died of that reconcilia- 
tion, leaving a son born of their renewed relations. 
— The Comte de Bauvan, in despair, started for 
Italy about 1836. — He had two residences in Paris, 
two mansions, one on Rue Payenne — inherited from 
his father; — ^the other in Faubourg Saint-Honor^, 
where they lived after their reconciliation. — Honor- 
ine. — In 1830, the Comte de Bauvan, then president 
of the Court of Cassation, endeavored, with Mes- 
sieurs de Granville and de Serizy, to save Lucien 

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de Rubempri from conviction on a penal charge^ 
and after that wretched creature's suicide, he at- 
tended his funeral. — Splendors and Miseries of Cour' 
tesans : The Last Incamation of yautrin. 

Bauvan (Comtesse Honorine de), wife of the 
preceding; born in 1794. — Married at the age of 
nineteen to Comte Octave de Bauvan; after desert- 
ing her husband, she was herself deserted by a 
lover about a year and a half later, being then 
enceinte. She lived thereafter in strict retirement 
on Rue Saint-Maur, secretly watched over by the 
Comte de Bauvan, who purchased through third 
persons, and at a very high price, the flowers she 
made: in this way she possessed through his means 
a competence which she believed that she owed to 
her own work. She died, reconciled to her hus- 
band, shortly after the Revolution of July, 1830. — 
Honorine de Bauvan lost and always mourned her 
illegitimate child. During her laborious years of 
exile in a Parisian faubourg, she came in contact 
successively with Marie Gobain, Jean-Jules Popinot, 
F6lix Gaudissart, Maurice de THostal, and Abb4 
Loraux. — Honorine. 

Beaudenord (Godefroid de), born in 1800. — ^!n 
1831, with Marsay, Vandenesse, Ajuda-Pinto, Max- 
ime de Trailles, Rastignac, the Due de Mauf rigneuse, 
and Manerville, he was one of the kings of fashion. 
— Lost Illusions. — His noble birth and his de were 
not very authentic; according to Mademoiselle 

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Emilie de Fontaine, he was ill-made and vulgar, and 
had nothing in his favor save his chestnut hair. — 
The Dance at Sceaux. — A cousin, by marriage, of his 
guardian, the Marquis d'Aiglemont, he was ruined, 
like him, by Baron de Nucingen in the matter of 
the mines of Wortschin. For a moment, Godefroid 
thought of paying court to the Marquise d'Aigle- 
mont, his beautiful cousin. — In 1827^ he married 
Isaure d'Aldrigger, and, after living with her in a 
small but comfortable house on Rue de la Planche, 
he was reduced to the necessity of soliciting employ- 
ment in the department of finance; he lost his posi- 
tion there at the Revolution of 1830, but obtained it 
again in 1836, through the influence of Nucingen; 
thereafter he lived modestly with his mother-in-law, 
his unmarried sister-in-law Malvina, his wife and 
four children with whom she presented him, on the 
third floor above the entresol of a house on Rue du 
Mont-Thabor. — The House of Nucingen. 

Beaudenord (Madame de), wife of the preceding; 
born Isaure d'Aldrigger, at Strasbourg, in 1807. — A 
languorous blonde, an accomplished dancer, and an 
absolute nonentity from a moral and intellectual 
standpoint. — TTte House of Nucingen. 

Beaumesnil (Mademoiselle), famous actress at 
the Theatre-Francais: of mature age under the Res- 
toration. She had b»»en the police-agent Peyrade's 
mistress, and had by him a daughter, Lydie, whom 
he acknowledged. MAdemoiselle BeaumesniPs last 

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abode was on Rue de Tournon; there, early in the 
reign of Louis-Philippe» she allowed herself to be 
robbed of her valuable diamonds by Charles Cro* 
chard, whom she really loved. — The Petty Bauf' 
geais. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — A 
Double Family. 

Beaupied, or Beau-Pied, sobriquet of Jean 
Falcon. — See that name. 

Beaupr6 (Fanny), actress at the Th^tre de la 
Porte-Saint-Martin, Paris, under Charles X. — In 
1825, when young and pretty, she made a hit in 
the part of a marchioness in a melodrama entitled 
The Anglade Family. At that time, she had replaced 
Coralie, then deceased, in the affections of Camu- 
sot, the silk-mercer. It was at Fanny Beaupri's 
that Oscar Husson, one of the solicitor Desroches's 
clerks, lost at play five hundred francs belonging 
to his employer, and was surprised by his uncle 
Cardot, lying dead drunk on a couch. — A Start in 
Life. — In 1829, Fanny Beaupre was reputed to be 
the Due d'Herouvllle's best friend, for a pecuniary 
conskleration. — Modeste Mignon. — In 1842, after his 
liaison with Madame de la Baudraye, Lousteau lived 
with her as her husband. — The Muse of the Depart- 
wient. — Frequenting the magnificent establishment 
set up by Baron de Nucingen for Esther Gobseck, 
she knew all the dissipated, gallant set of the years 
1829 and iSyy.-^Splendors and Miseries of Cour- 

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Beaus^ant (Marquis and Comte de)» father and 
elder brother of the Vicomte de Beauseant, husband 
of Claire de Bourgogne. — The Deserted Mistress. — 
In 1819, the Marquis and the Comte de Beaus^ant 
lived together in their house on Rue Saint-Dominique, 
Paris.— OW Goriot. — The marquis had emigrated at 
the Revolution; kbhk de Marolles was in corre- 
spondence with him. — An Episode under the Terror. 

Beaus^ant (Marquise de). — In 1824, a Marquise 
de Beaus^nty a very old woman, was intimate with 
the Chaulieus. She was probably the widow of the 
marquis of that name, and mother of the count 
and viscount. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — The 
Marquise de Beaus^nt was a Champignelles of the 
elder branch. — The Deserted Mistress. 

Beaus^ant (Vicomte de), husband of Claire de 
Bourgogne. — He knew of his wife's relations with 
Miguel d'Ajuda-Pinto, and, voluntarily or involun- 
tarily, respected that species of morganatic union, 
which society recognized. The Vicomte de Beau- 
s^nt occupied his town house on Rue de Crenelle in 
1819; he kept a dancer at that time, and was espe- 
cially fond of good cheer; he became a marquis on 
the death of his father and elder brother. He was 
a rake, a courtier, yet methodical and ceremoni- 
ous; he persisted in living for his own pleasure; his 
death would have enabled Madame de Beaus^ant to 
marry Gaston de Nueil.— OW Goriot. — The Deserted 

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Beaus^ant (Vicomtesse de), born Claire de 
Bourgogne, in 1792; wife of the preceding^ cousin 
of Eugene de Rastignac; of an almost royal family. — 
Deceived by her lover, Miguel d'Ajuda-Pinto, who, 
while continuing his relations with her, asked and 
obtained the hand of Berthe de Rochefide, the vis- 
countess left Paris suddenly, before his marriage 
took place, on the morning following a great ball 
given by her, at which she appeared in all her prkle 
and brilliant beauty. In 1822, this ** deserted mis- 
tress '' had been living for three years, in the strict- 
est retirement, at Courcelles, near Bayeux. Gaston 
de Nueil, a young man of twenty-three, who had 
been sent to Normandie for his health, succeeded in 
persuading her to receive him, fell in love with her 
on the spot, and, after a long resistance, became her 
lover at Geneva, to which place she had fled; their 
liaison lasted nine years, and was broken by the 
young man's marriage. — In 1819, at Paris, the Vi- 
comtesse de Beauseant received the most illustrious 
jackanapes of the age, Maulincour, Ronquerolles, 
Maxime de Trailles, Marsay, the Vandenesses, to- 
gether with the most fashionable women, Lady 
Brandon, the Duchesse de Langeais, the Comtesse 
de Kergarouet, Madame de S^rizy, Duchesse Cari- 
gliano, Comtesse Ferraud, Madame de Lanty, the 
Marquise d'Aiglemont, Madame Firmiani, the Mar- 
quise de Listom^re, the Marquise d'Espard, and the 
Duchesse de Maufrigneuse. She was also on 
friendly terms with the Grandlieus and General de 
Montriveau. Rastignac, then at the beginning of 

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his career and very poor, was also received at her 
house.— Old Goriot.—The Deserted Mistress.— Albert 

Beaussier, bourgeois of Issoudun under the Res- 
toration. — Having happened to see Joseph Bridau 
in the diligence, at the time of the artist's journey 
with his mother in 1822, he observed tiiat he 
would not like to meet him at night in the woods, 
for he looked to him like a highwayman; that 
same evening. Beaussier and his wife called at the 
Hochons' to get a closer view of the painter. — La 

Beaussier fils, called the tall Beaussier. son of 
the preceding, one of the ** Knights of Idleness.'' 
led by Maxence Gilet at Issoudun. under the Res- 
toration. — La RabouUleuse. 

Beauvisage. physician to the Carmelite convent 
at Blois under Louis XVIII. He was known by 
Louise de Chaulieu and Ren^e de Maucombe. who 
were educated at that convent. According to Louise 
de Chaulieu. his face certainly belied his name. — 
Memoirs of Two Young Wives. 

Beauvisage. — Had been tenant of the fine farm 
of Bellache. belonging to Gondreville's estate at 
Arcis-sur-Aube; father of Phileas Beauvisage. — He 
died very early in the nineteenth century. — A Dark 
Affair. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

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Beauvisage (Madame)> wife of the preceding* 
She survived him many years, and witnessed the 
triumph of her son Phil6as. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Beauvisage (Phileas), son of Beauvisage the 
farmer; born in 1792; a hosiery manufacturer at 
Arcis-sur-Aube under the Restoration; mayor of that 
town in 1839. — After a first failure, he was elected 
deputy in i84i» when Sallenauve resigned. — A friend 
and admirer of Crevel, whose fine manners he strove 
to copy. Being a millionaire and consumed by 
vanity, he was in a position, according to Crevel, to 
furnish Madame Hulot, as the price of her favors, 
with the two hundred thousand francs which that 
unhappy woman needed in 1842. — Cousin Bette. — 
The Deputy from Arcis. — The Beauvisage Famify. 

Beauvisage (Madame), born Severine Gr^vin, 
in 1795; ^if^ ^^ Phileas Beauvisage, whom she 
governed in everything. — Daughter of Grfevin, 
notary of Arcis-sur-Aube, the intimate friend of 
Senator Malin de Gondreville. She inherited from 
her father a remarkable shrewdness, and although 
of smaller frame, reminded one strongly of Made- 
moiselle Mars in face and manners. — The Deputy 
from Arcis. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Beauvisage (C6cile-Renee), only child of Phil6as 
Beauvisage and Severine Gr^vin; born in 1820. — 
Her real father was Vicomte Melchior de Charge- 
boeuf, who was sub-prefect of Arcis-sur-Aube in the 
early years of the Restoration; she resembled him 

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in every respect and had his aristocratic manners. 
The Comte de Gondrevilie was her godfather; 
Madame Keller, the count's daughter, her god- 
mother. She married Maxime de Trailles in Paris 
in May, 1841, and in 1847 obtained a judicial sepa- 
ration from him for dissipation, cruelty, and grave 
outrages. — The Deputy from Arcis: Comte de Salle- 
nauve. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Beauvoir (Charles-Ffelix-Thfeodore, Chevalier 
de), cousin to Madame la Duchesse de Maille. — 
Chouan, prisoner of the Republic, in 1799, at the 
Chateau de TEscarpe; hero of a tale of marital 
vengeance, told by Lousteau in 1836, before Ma- 
dame de la Baudraye, and, as he alleged, told to him 
by Charles Nodier. — The Muse of the Department. 

B6caniire (La), sobriquet of Barbette Cibot. — 
See that name. 

Becker (Edme), medical student, living, in 1828, 
on Rue de la Montagne-Sainte-Genevi&ve, No. 22, 
in the same house with the Marquis d'Espard. — The 

Bedeau, errand-boy, gutter-jumper for Mattre 
Bordin, procureur at the Chfltelet, in 1787. — A 
Start in Life. 

B6ga, surgeon in a regiment of the French army 
of Spain, in 1808. — After secretly delivering a Span- 
ish woman under her lover's eye, he was murdered 

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by the husband, who surprised him in the act of de- 
scribing that clandestine operation. — The adventure 
was narrated in Madame de la Baudraye's presence, 
in 1836, by Gravier, receiver of public funds, for- 
merly paymaster in the army. — The Muse of the 

B6grand (La), dancer at the Th^^tre de la Porte- 
Saint-Martin in 1820;* Mariette, who made her d^but 
at that time, made a hit, even in her shadow. — La 

Bilisaire, one of La Pouraille's sons. — Horse- 
dealer, sentenced for breaking his parole, — ^January, 
1840; — at that time, he had a dispute in a cafe with 
Armand de PEstorade, then a collegian, who had just 
left a banquet of the Saint-Charlemagnes, and was 
slightly tipsy; a duel was arranged, but by Salle- 
nauve's intervention Armand was extricated from 
the scrape, and B^lisaire was arrested at Saint- 
Estive's bidding. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Bellefeuille (Mademoiselle de), name assumed 
by (Proline Crochard. 

Bellejambe, servant of Lieutenant-colonel Hus- 
son, in 1837.— W Start in Life. 

Belor (Mademoiselle de), a young woman of Bor- 
deaux, who lived there in 1822; was on the lookout 

* More than sixty years «(cOt the was a choreg:nipMc artist of grest renown 
M the boulevards. 

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for a husband, whom, for some reason or other, she 
could not find. — Probably acquainted with the Evan- 
gelistas. — The Marriage Contract 

Bemboni (Monsignor), attach^ of the office of 
the secretary of State at Rome, undertook to for- 
ward to the Due de Soria, at Madrid, the letters of 
the Baron de Macumer, his brother, a Spaniard who 
had fled to Paris for refuge in 1823-1824. — Memoirs 
of Two Young Wives. 

B6nard (Pieri). — After corresponding with par- 
ties in Germany for two years, he found a Dresden 
yirgin^ engraved by Muller, on China paper and 
before letters, which cost C^sar Birotteau fifteen 
hundred francs: the perfumer intended the engrav- 
ing for the scientist Vauquelin, to whom he was 
under obligations. — dsar Birotteau. 

Benassis (Doctor), born about 1779, in a small 
town in Languedoc. He was educated at the college 
of Sorize,— Tarn, — managed by Oratorians, and 
afterward studied medicine in Paris, where he lived 
in the Quartier Latin. At twenty-two, he lost his 
father, who left him a large fortune, and he deserted 
a girl, by whom he had a son, to plunge into the 
wildest dissipation. This girl, an honest, devoted 
creature, died two years later, despite the assiduous 
care of her repentant lover. Later, Benassis sought 
the hand of another young woman belonging to a 
Jansenist family; he was accepted at first, then 

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definitively rejected when his past, which he had 
thus far concealed* became known. Thereafter he 
devoted his life to his son, but the child died in boy- 
hood. While he was hesitating between suicide and 
the Grande-Chartreuse, Doctor Benassis happened 
to stop at a poor village in the department of Is^re, 
five leagues from Grenoble; there he remained, and 
transformed the wretched hamlet inhabited by sickly 
critins into the chief town of the canton, prosperous 
and full of life. Benassis died in 1829, mayor of 
the commune; all the inhabitants mourned that bene- 
factor and man of genius.— 711^ Country Doctor. 

Benedetto, an Italian living at Rome in the first 
tiiird of the nineteenth century. — A passable musi- 
cian and at the same time an agent of the police, 
undersized, ugly, a sot, and, nevertheless, the for- 
tunate husband of Luigia, whose superb beauty he 
sought to exploit. His wife, thoroughly disheart- 
ened, lighted a pan of charcoal, after closing all the 
issues of their bedroom, one night when he returned 
home intoxicated; the neighbors rushed to the spot 
and saved her alone: Benedetto was dead. — The 
Deputy from Arcis. 

B^r^nice, cousin and lady's-maid to Coralie, 
actress at the Panorama and Gymnase. — A buxom 
Norman girl, as ugly as her mistress was pretty, 
but shrewd and keen-witted in direct ratio to her 
corpulence* She had been Coralie's playmate in 
childhood, and was absolutely devoted to her. In 

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October, i822» she gave to Luden de Rubempre, 
then penniless, four five-franc pieces which she 
owed to the generosity of chance lovers whom she 
met, evidently, on Boulevard Bonne-Nouvelle. That 
sum enabled the unfortunate poet to return to An* 
goulfime.— Io5/ Illusions. 

Bergerin was the best doctor in Saumur under 
the Restoration. He attended F^lix Grandet and his 
wife in their last illnesses.— £f^^^ Grandet. 

Bergmann (Monsieur and Madame), Swiss. — 
Formerly gardeners to a Count Borromeo, of whose 
parks on the two famous islands in Lago Maggiore 
they had charge; in 1825, they owned a house at 
Gersau, near the Lake of Lucerne, of which they 
had rented one floor to the Prince and Princess 
Gandolphini since the preceding year. — Characters 
in a novel: Ambitious Through Love^ published by 
Albert Savarus in the Revue de I'Est, in 1834.^ 
Albert Savarus. 

Bernard. — ^See Baron de Bourlac. 

Bernus, stage-driver and expressman, who car- 
ried passengers, merchandise, and, perhaps, letters 
from Saint-Nazaire to Gu^rande, under Charles X. 
and Louis-Philippe. — Beatrix. 

Berquet, carpenter at Besancon, built a high 
kiosk in the Wattevilles' garden, in 1834, from 

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which Rosalie, their daughter, could watch all the 
acts and gestures of Albert Savarus, who lived near 
by. — Albert Savarus. 

Berthier (Alexandre), marshal of the Empire, 
born at Versailles in 1753, died in 181 5. — As Min- 
ister of War, in the latter part of 1799, he wrote to 
Hulot, then commanding the Seventy-second demi- 
brigade, refusing to accept his resignation, and giving 
him instructions. — The Chouans. — On the eve of the 
Battle of Jena, October 13, 1806, he was in attend- 
ance on the Emperor, and, with him, met the Mar- 
quis de ChargebcEuf and Laurence de Cinq-Cygne, 
who had come from France in great haste to implore 
the pardon of the Simeuses, the Hauteserres, and 
Michu, under sentence of death for the kidnapping 
of Senator Malin de Gondreville. — A Dark Affair. 

Berthier, a notary at Paris, successor to Cardot, 
whose second clerk he was, and whose daughter 
Felicitfi— or Felicie — he married. — In 1843, he was 
Madame Marneffe's notary; at the same time, he 
had charge of the affairs of the family of Camusot 
de Marville, and Sylvain Pons often dined with him. 
MaTtre Berthier drew the marriage-contract of Wil- 
hem Schwab and Emilie Graff, and the partnership 
articles of Fritz Brunner and Wilhem Schwab. — 
Cousin Bette. — Cousin Pons. 

Berthier (Madame), born Ffelice Cardot, wife of 
the preceding. — She had been seduced by her 


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father's first clerk» who died suddenly, leaving her 
enceinte; thereupon, in 1837, she married Berthier, 
the second clerk, after she had been on the point of 
marrying Lousteau. Berthier knew the first clerk's 
secret; neither of them had any other motive than 
self-interest in the affair. The marriage was compar- 
atively happy: Madame Berthier, overflowing with 
gratitude to her husband, made herself his slave. 
Late in 1844, she accorded a cold greeting to Sylvain 
Pons, who was then in disgrace in the family cir- 
cle. — The Muse of the Department. — Cousin Pons. 

Berton, collector of taxes at Arcis-sur-Aube in 
1839. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Berton (Mademoiselle), daughter of the collector 
of taxes at Arcis-sur-Aube. — An insignificant young 
woman who acted as a satellite to C^cile Beauvisage 
and Ernestine Mollot. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Berton (E>octor), physician at Paris. — ^In 1836, 
he lived on Rue d'Enfer;* being connected with 
Madame de la Chanterie's charitable undertakings, 
he visited the sick poor to whom she directed him; 
among others, he attended Vanda de Mergi, Baron 
de Bourlac's daughter. — Doctor Berton was a cold, 
stern man. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous His- 

B^thune (Prince de), the only man in the aris- 
tocracy who ''understood the hat,'' according to 

• how Rtt« Otnfert-RochcrMHi. 

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the remark of Vital the hatter , in 1845. — 77r^ Itrvol' 
untary Comedians. 

Beunier ft Company, firm as to which Bixiou 
made inquiries at Madame Nourrisson's, in 1845. — 
The Itrooluntary Comedians. 

Bianchi, an Italian. — Captain under the First Em- 
pire, in the Sixth Regiment of the line, — French, — 
composed almost entirely of men of his nationality. 
Famous among his men for having bet that he would 
eat the heart of a Spanish sentinel, and for having 
won the bet. Captain Bianchi was the first to plant 
the French flag on the walls of Tarragona — ^Spain — 
at the time of the assault in 1808; but he was killed 
by a monk. — The Maranas. 

Bianchon (Doctor), physician of Sancerre, father 
of Horace Bianchon and brother of Madame Popinot, 
Popinot the magistrate's wife. — The Interdiction. 

Bianchon (Horace), celebrated physician in 
Paris under Charles X. and Louis-Philippe, officer of 
the Legion of Honor, member of the Institute, pro- 
fessor in the Faculty of medicine, first physician at a 
hospital and at the Ecole Polytechnique at the same 
time; born at Sancerre — Cher — in the latter part of 
the eighteenth century. — In 1819, being then an in- 
terne at the Cochin Hospital, he took his meals at the 
Vauquer boarding-house, where he became intimate 
with Eugene de Rastignac, then a law-student, and 

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also knew Goriot and Vautrin.— 0/i Goriot. — A little 
later^ he became the favorite pupil, at the Hdtel-Dieu, 
of Desplein the surgeon, whom he attended in his last 
moments. — The Atheisfs Mass. — Being a nephew of 
the magistrate Jean-Jules Popinot and connected 
with Anselme Popinot, he became acquainted with 
Cesar Birotteau, who said that he owed to him the 
receipt for his famous nut-oil, and who invited him 
to the great ball which was the beginning of his down- 
fall. — Cdsar BirotUau. — The Interdiction. — Being a 
member of the Cenacle on Rue des Quatre- Vents, 
and very intimate with all the young men who com- 
posed it, he was able at a later date to introduce Daniel 
d'Arthez to Rastignac, then under-secretary of State; 
he attended Lucien de Rubempre, in 1822, when 
he was wounded in a duel with Michel Chrestien; 
also Coralie, Lucien's mistress, and Madame Bridau, 
on their death-beds. — Lost Illusions. — La Rabou' 
illeuse. — 77t^ Secrets of the Princesse de Cadignan. — In 
1824, young Doctor Bianchon accompanied E)esplein 
when he was summoned to the bedside of the dying 
Flamet de la B\Mrd'\kre.—Tke Civil Service.— With the 
same Desplein and Doctor Martener of Provins, in 
1828, he exerted his utmost skill in behalf of Pierrette 
Lorraln. — Pierrette. — In that same year, 1828, he had 
tor a moment the Idea of joining the expedition to the 
Morea; he was at that time Madame de Listom^re's 
physician, and learned from her and afterward nar- 
rated the misunderstanding with Rastignac. — A Study 
of IVoman. — In 1829, with Desplein once more, he 
was called by Madame de Nucingen to examine into 

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the condition of the Baron de Nucingen, her husband, 
who was sick with love of Esther Gobseck; in 1830, 
still with his illustrious master, he was summoned 
by Corentin to pass judgment on Peyrade's death 
and the madness of Lydie, his daughter; and later, 
with Desplein again and with Doctor Sinard, to 
Madame de Serizy, who was thought to be going 
mad after Lucien de Rubemprfe's suicide.— 5^^- 
dors and Miseries of Courtesans: The Last Incar- 
nation of yauirin.—W\tY\ Desplein again, and at 
about the same time, he was present at the death- 
bed of Honorine, wife of the Comte de Bauvan, — 
Honarine ;—9iX\i saw the daughter of the Baron de 
Bourlac, — Monsieur Bernard, — who was afflicted with 
a strange Polish disease, the plica Polonica. — The 
Other Side of Contemporaneous History. — In 1831, 
Bianchon was Raphael de Valentin's friend and phy- 
sician. — 77t^ Magic Skin. — Being on intimate terms 
witii the Comte de Granville, in 1835, he attended 
his mistress Caroline Crochard.^->< Double Family. — 
He also attended Madame du Bruel, at that time La 
Palfferine's mistress, who had wounded herself by 
falling headforemost against the sharp corner of a 
mantelpiece, — A Prince of Bohemia ;—tind, in 1835, 
Madame Marie Gaston, — Louise de Chaulieu, — who 
was hopelessly ill. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — 
In 1837, in Paris, he delivered Madame de la Bau- 
draye of a child of which Lousteau was the father; 
he was assisted by the famous accoucheur Duriau. — 
The Muse of the Department. — In 1838, he was Comte 
Laginski's physician. — The Pretended Mistress. — In 

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1840, Bianchon lived on Rue de la Montagne-Sainte- 
Genevieve, in the house where his uncle, Popinot the 
magistrate, died, and there was some talk of electing 
him to the municipal council, in the place of the up- 
right judge; but he declined, announcing that Thuil- 
lier was his candidate. — The Petty Bourgeois.-^Being 
Baron Hulot's physician, as well as Crevel's and 
Madame Marneffe's, he, with seven of his colleagues, 
watched the terrible disease which carried off Valerie 
and her second husband in 1842; and in 1843, he 
attended Lisbeth Fischer in her last illness. — Cousin 
Bette. — Lastly, in 1844, Doctor Bianchon was called 
in consultation by Doctor Roubaud at Mont^gnac, in 
the case of Madame Graslin, — The tillage Curd. — 
Horace Bianchon, being a brilliant and talented ra- 
conteur, narrated in society the episodes entitled A 
Study of Woman. — Another Study of tVoman: La 
Grande Bretiche.* 

Bibi-Lupin, chief of the secret police from 1819 
to 1830; ex-convict. — In 1819, he arrested with his 
own hands, at the Vauquer boarding-house, Jacques 
Collin, alias Vautrin, his former companion at the 
galleys and his personal enemy. Under the name 
of Gondureau, Bibi-Lupin had become acquainted 
with Mademoiselle Michonneau, one of Madame 
Vauquer's boarders, and through her he obtained 
the information which he needed as to the real 
identity of Vautrin, then wanted for breaking parole, 

• U Grmnde BreUcbe Is printed In the Edition Definitive with Ancibtr Shidj tf 
Wommt M one iinlntemipted work. 

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and later, — 1830,— his successor as chief of the 
secret police.— 0/i Gariot. — The Last Incarnation 
of yautrin. 

Bidaolt (Monsieur and Madame), brother and 
sister-in-law of Bidault, alias Gigonnet, father and 
mother of Monsieur and Madame Saillard, furniture 
dealers under the pillars of the Halle Centrale, in 
the latter part of the eighteenth century, and, prob- 
ably, early in the nineteenth. — The Civil Service. 

Bidault, alias Oigonnet, born in 17$$, originally 
from Auvergne; uncle of Madame Saillard on her 
father's side. — An ex-paper-dealer, retired from 
business since the year II. of the Republic, he 
had, at that time, gone into bill-discounting with a 
Dutchman, Werbrust, a friend of Gobseck. Being 
brought into business relations with the latter, he 
was, like him, one of the most redoubtable usurers 
of Paris under the Empire, during the Restoration, 
and in the early years of the government of July. 
He lived on Rue Greneta. — The Civil Service. — 
Gobseck. — Luigi Porta, an officer of high rank on 
waiting orders, under Louis XVIII., had sold Gigon- 
net all the arrears of pay due him. — The Vendetta. — 
He was one of the syndics in the Birotteau failure in 
1819. At that time, he hounded Madame Madou, 
dealer in nuts at the market, who owed him money. 
---Cisar Birotteau. — In 1824, he succeeded in pro- 
curing the appointment of his grand-nephew, Isidore 
Baudoyer, as chief of a division in the department 

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of finance, by exerting, with the assistance of Gob- 
seek and Mitral, pressure on the Secretary-General 
Chardin des Lupeaulx, who was overwhelmed with 
debt, and was a candidate for the Chamber of 
Deputies. — The Civil Service. — ^Bidault, being very 
shrewd, divined the scheme concealed beneath the 
third liquidation engineered by Nucingen in 1826, 
and made the most of it. — The House of Nucingen. 
— In 1835, Monsieur du Tillet urged Nathan, who 
was greatiy in need of money, to apply to Bidault; 
the purpose of that advice was to lead Nathan into 
embarrassment. — A Daughter of Eve. — Bidault's 
sobriquet, Gigonnet, was derived from a feverish, 
convulsive twitching of one leg. — The Civil Service. 

Biddin, goldsmith on Rue de TArbre-Sec, Paris, 
in 1829; one of Esther Gobseck's creditors. — 
Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Biffe (La), mistress of the criminal Riganson, alias 
Le Biffon. — This woman, a sort of Jacques Collin in 
petticoats, eluded the police by means of her dis- 
guises; she could play the part of a marchioness, a 
baroness, a countess, to perfection; she had a car- 
riage and servants. — The Last Incarnatumof l^autrin. 

Biffon (Le), sobriquet of Riganson. 

Bigomeau, a romantically inclined clerk at Fri- 
tot's, dealer in shawls, in the Bourse quarter at 
Paris, under Louis Philippe.— Gati^^fssar/ //• 

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Bijou (Olympe). — See Madame Grenouvilte. 

Binett innkeeper in the Department of Orne, in 
1809. — He was implicated in a criminal prosecution 
which made considerable noise at that time, and 
which darkened the existence of Madame de la 
Chanterie, wounded to the heart in the person of 
her daughter, Madame des Tours-Mini^res. Binet 
sheltered the miscreants known as chauffeurs; being 
prosecuted therefor, he was sentenced to five years' 
imprisonment. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous 

Birotteau (Jacques), vine-dresser in the out- 
skirts of Chinon. — He married the maid of a lady 
in whose vineyard he worked, and had three sons, 
Francois, Jean, and C^sar; lost his wife at the birth 
of his last child, — 1779, — and died himself shortly 
after. — Cisar Birotteau. 

Birotteau (Abb6 Francois), oldest son of Jacques 
Birotteau; born about 1766; vicar of the Church of 
Saint-Gatien at Tours, and afterward cur6 at Saint- 
Symphorien in the same town. — In 1817, after the 
death of Abbe de la Berge, he became the confessor 
of Madame de Mortsauf , whom he attended in her 
last moments. — The Lily of the t^alley. — In 1819, his 
brother C6sar, the perfumer, wrote to him, after 
his ruin, asking help; Abbe Birotteau wrote him a 
most affecting letter, enclosing a thousand francs, 
which sum represented all his savings, and in 

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addition a small loan obtained from Madame de 
Listom&re. — Cdsar BirotUau. — Accused of having 
obtained by improper means an income of fifteen 
hundred francs which this same Madame de Listo- 
m&re left him at her death, Abbe Birotteau was, in 
1826, suspended from his functions, a victim of the 
dangerous hatred of Abb6 Troubert,— Ci#f/ oj Tours. 

Birotteau (Jean), second son of Jacques Birot- 
teau; he was a captain in the army, and was killed 
at the celebrated battle of La Trebia, which lasted 
three days, June 17-19, 1799. — dsar Birotteau. 

Birotteau (Cesar), third son of Jacques Birot* 
teau, born in 1779; dealer in perfumes, etc., at 
No. 397 Rue Saint-Honore, near Place Venddme, 
in the shop formerly occupied by Descoings the 
grocer, who was executed in 1794 ^i^ Andr^ 
Ch^nier. — Cesar Birotteau had succeeded Sieur 
Ragon in business after the i8th Brumaire, and 
transported the merchandise of the Rnne des Roses 
to the above-mentioned address; while in the employ 
of his former master, he had known the Georges, 
the La Billardi^res, the Montaurans, the Bauvans, 
the Longuys, the Mandas, the Berniers, the Gue- 
nics, and the Fontaines: these relations with mili- 
tant royalists involved him in the conspiracy of the 
13th Vendemiaire — 1795 — ^against the Convention, 
and he was wounded, as he often declared, by 
Bonaparte, on the steps of Saint-Roch. In May, 
iScx), Birotteau married Constance-Barbe- Josephine 

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Pilleraultf and had by her one child, a daughter, 
Cesarine, married, in 1822, to Anselme Popinot. 
Successively captain, major in the National Guard, 
and deputy mayor of the eleventh arrondissement, 
Birotteau was made a chevalier of the Legion of 
Honor, in 1818. To celebrate his appointment to 
the Order, he gave a grand ball,* which, as it neces- 
sitated very material changes in his rooms, combined 
with some unfortunate speculations to bring about 
his total ruin and his failure in business during the 
following year. By persistent labor and the most 
scrupulous economy, Birotteau succeeded in dis- 
charging his liabilities to the last centime three 
years later, in 1822; but he died immediately after 
his solemn rehabilitation by the court. Among his 
customers, in 1818, were the Due and Duchesse de 
Lenoncourt, the Princesse de Blaumont-Chauvry, 
the Marquise d'Espard, the two Vandenesses, Mar- 
say, Ronquerolles, and the Marquis d'Aiglemont. — 
Cisar Birotteau. — La RabouiUeuse, — Birotteau was 
also on friendly terms with the Guillaumes, drapers, 
on Rue Saint-Denis. — The House of the Cat and 

Birotteau (Madame), born Constance-Barbe- 
Josephine Pillerault, in 1782, wife of C^sar Birot- 
teau, whom she married in May, 1800. — She was 
first saleswoman at the Petit Matelot,^ fancy goods 

* On the i7th December, which was reelly Thuraday, not Sanday, as It I* 
Inaccurately said to have been. 

tThis shop still exists on the same spot. 43 Qnal d'AnJou and 40 Rue dee 
Deox-Poots, under the management of M. L. Bellevaut. 

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shop at the corner of Quai d'Anjou and Rue des 
Deux-Ponts, Paris, at the time of her marriage. 
Her sole kinsman and protector was her uncle 
Claude- Joseph Pillerault.— C^sor Birotteau. 

Birotteau (C^rine). — See Madame Anselme 

Bixiou,* grocer at Paris, Rue Saint-Honore, in 
the eighteenth century, before the Revolution, — He 
had a clerk named Descoings, who married his 
widow. Bixiou was the grandfather of the famous 
caricaturist Jean-Jacques Bixiou. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Bixiou, son of the preceding and father of Jean- 
Jacques Bixiou. He was killed, a colonel in the 
Twenty-first of the line, at the battle of Dresden, 
August 26 or 27, 181 3. — La RabouiOeuse. 

Bixiou (Jean-Jacques), celebrated artist, son of 
Colonel Bixiou who was killed at Dresden, grand- 
son of Madame Descoings, whose first husband was 
Bixiou the grocer. — Born in 1797, he went through 
the whole curriculum of study at a lyceum, where 
someone obtained a '* half -purse '' for him, and 
where he had for schoolmates Philippe and Joseph 
Bridau and Mattre Desroches. He entered the 
studio of Gros the painter; in 1819, the interest of 
the Dues de Maufrigneuse and Rhetor6, whom he 
met at the apartments of certain ballet-dancers, 

* Tlie name Is proBounced " Bitslou." 

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procured a position for him at the Ministry of 
Finance; he remained there until December, 1824, 
when he resigned. In the same year, he was one 
of the witnesses at the marriage of Philippe Bridau 
to Flore Brazier, called La Rabouilleuse, widow of 
Jean-Jacques Rouget. After that woman's death, 
in 1828, he went to the hdtel de Soulanges, dis- 
guised as a priest, told the count the scandalous 
story of her death, cunningly brought about by her 
husband, dilated upon Philippe Bridau's utter lack 
of morality and refinement, and thus prevented the 
swashbuckler's marriage to Mademoiselle Amelie 
de Soulanges. A talented caricaturist, a practical 
joker emeritus^ and at the same time one of the 
kings of repartee, he led a life of unbridled dissipa- 
tion. He was on intimate terms with all the artists 
and all the lorettes of his time. Among others, he 
knew Hippolyte Schinner the painter. He drew 
portraits, entirely imaginary by the way, at the 
time of the publication of the prosecution of Fualdte 
and Castaing: it was an excellent piece of work 
for him. — Ln RabouiBeuse. — The Civil Service, — The 
Purse. — He drew vignettes for Canalis's poems. — 
Modeste Mignon. — With Blondet, Lousteau, and 
Nathan, he was one of the habitues of Esther 
Gobseck's house on Rue Saint-Georges, in 1829- 
1830. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — In 
1836, in a private room at a famous restaurant, he 
told, with much spirit, the story of the origin of 
Nucingen's fortune, before Finot, Blondet, and Cou- 
ture. — The House of Nucingen.^^ln January, 1837, 

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he was engaged by his friend Lousteau to come to 
his apartment and reproach him, Lousteau himself, 
for his irregular relations with Madame de la Bau- 
draye, while she, concealed in an adjoining room, 
overheard it all; this preconcerted scene took place; 
its object was to give Lousteau an opportunity to dis- 
play his apparently indestructible attachment to his 
mistress. — The Muse of the Department — In 1838, 
he was at H^lotse Brisetout's housewarming on Rue 
Chauchat; in the same year, he was at the wedding 
of Steinbock and Hortense Hulot, and that of Crevel 
and the widow Marneffe. — Cousin Bette. — In 1839, 
Dorlange-Sallenauve, the sculptor, an acquaintance 
of Bixiou, had reason to complain of his evil-speak- 
ing. — The Deputy from Arcis. — Being very graciously 
received by Madame Schontz, about 1838, he might 
have been supposed to be her favorite, although in 
reality their relations never went beyond the limits 
of friendship. — Biatrix. — In 1840, at Marguerite 
Turquet's, when she was kept by Cardot the 
notary, he listened, with Lousteau, Nathan, and 
La Palferine, to a story told by Desroches. — A 
Man of Business. — About 1844, Bixiou was present 
at the high-comedy scenes with reference to the 
Selim shawl, sold by Fritot to Mistress Noswell; 
Bixou was in the shop with Monsieur du Ronceret, 
himself engaged in purchasing a shawl for Madame 
Schontz. — Gaudissart II. — In 1845, Bixiou showed 
the sights of Paris and The Involuntary Comedians 
to the Pyrenean Gazonal, in company with Leon 
de Lora, the provincial's cousin. At that time. 

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Bixiou, who had lived on Rue de Ponthieu when 
he was a government cierk, lived on the sixth 
floor at No. 112 Rue Richelieu, — The Involuntary 
Comedians, — ^and he was Helolse Brisetout's pre- 
ferred lover. — Cousin Pons. 

Blamont-Chauvry (Princesse de), mother of 
Madame d'Espard, aunt of the Duchesse de Lan- 
geais, great-aunt of Madame de Mortsauf ; a veritable 
d'Hozier in petticoats. — Her salon reigned supreme 
in Faubourg Saint-Germain, and the words of this 
female Talleyrand were listened to like oracles. 
She was very old at the beginning of the reign of 
Louis XVIII., and the most poetic ruin of the reign 
of Louis XV., called the Well-Beloved, to whose 
sobriquet she had contributed her share, according to 
current gossip. — History of the Thirteen: La Duchesse 
de Langeais. — Madame Firmiani was received at the 
princess's, in memory of the Cadignans, to which 
family she belonged through her mother, — Madame 
Fimmni, — ^and Felix de Vandenesse was admitted on 
the guaranty of Madame de Mortsauf; he found, 
moreover, in that old woman, a friend in whose 
feeling for him there was something almost motherly. 
The princess was of the family council which passed 
judgment on an amorous escapade of Antoinette de 
Langeais.— 7%^ Uly of the l^alley.— History of the 
Thirteen: La Duchesse de Langeais. 

Blandureaus (The), rich linen-drapers at Alencon, 
under the Restoration. — They had an only daughter 

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whom President du Ronceret wished to obtain for 
his son's wife, but who married Joseph Blondet, the 
magistrate Blondet's oldest son: this marriage made 
secret enemies of the two fathers, one of whom was 
the other's superior. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Blondet, magistrate at Alencon, born in 1758, 
father of Joseph and Emile Blondet. — He was public 
accuser under the Revolution. He was an accom- 
plished botanist and had a wonderful conservatory, 
where special attention was paid to the cultivation 
of the geranium. This conservatory was visited by 
the Empress Marie-Louise, who mentioned it to the 
Emperor, and the magistrate obtained tiie decoration 
of the Legion of Honor. After the affair of Victur- 
nien d'Esgrignon, about 182;, Blondet was promoted 
to be an officer in the Order, and was also made a 
counsellor at the royal court: he performed the 
functions of that office only long enough to be en- 
titled to a retiring pension, then returned to his dear 
house at Alencon. He had married, in 1798, at the 
age of forty, a young girl of eighteen, who was 
afterward false to him. He knew that Emile, her 
second son, was not his child; consequently, all 
his affection was bestowed on the elder, and he 
sent the younger away as soon as possible. — The 
Cabinet of Antiquities. — About 1838, Fabien du 
Ronceret was commended at an agricultural exhibi- 
tion for a flower which old Blondet had given him, 
and which he exhibited as the product of his own 
conservatory . — Biatrix. 

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Blondet (Madame), wife of the preceding, born 
in 1780, married in 1798. — ^She became the mistress 
of a prefect in the department of Orne, who was the 
father of Emile Blondet. She was distantly con- 
nected with the Troisville family, to whom she 
introduced Emile, her favorite child ; and when she 
died, in 1818, she commended him to her former 
lover and especially to the future Madame de Mont- 
cornet, with whom he had been brought up. — The 
Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Blondet (Joseph), the magistrate's elder son; 
born at Alengon about 1799. — In 1824, he was a 
practising advocate, and aspired to the position of 
substitute judge. He eventually succeeded his 
father, whose seat on the bench he occupied until 
his death. He was a man of remarkable and evenly 
distributed mediocrity. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Blondet (Madame Joseph), born Claire Blandu- 
reau, wife of Joseph Blondet, whom she married 
when he was appointed magistrate at Alencon. 
She was the daughter of rich linen-drapers of the 
town. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Blondet (Emile), born at Alencon about 1800, 
was, legally, the younger son of Blondet the magis- 
trate, but actually the son of a prefect of Orne. 
He was dearly loved by his mother, but, on the 
contrary, odious to the magistrate, who sent him 
to Paris to study law, in 1818. At Alencon, Emile 

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knew the noble family of Esgrignon, and had for 
the youngest daughter of that illustrious house an 
esteem which amounted to admiration. — The Old 
Maid. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. — hmile Blondet 
was, in 1821, a very handsome young man; he had 
made his first appearance in the Dibats with several 
articles of great promise, and Lousteau already de- 
clared that he was " one of the princes of criticism/' 
— Lost Illusions. — In 1824, he wrote for a review 
managed by Finot, on which Lucien de Rubempr^ 
was employed also, and he heedlessly allowed him- 
self to be '^ worked '' by his manager. His morals 
were very loose, and he maintained the most inti- 
mate and friendly relations, with no sense of shame, 
with people whom he threw overboard the next 
day. He was constantly in need of money. In 
1829-1830, with Bixiou, Lousteau, and Nathan, he 
was an habitue of Esther Gobseck's house on Rue 
Saint-Georges.— 5^fe«rfar5 and Miseries of Courte- 
sans. — Blondet was much inclined to mockery, and 
respected no consecrated renown; he bet, and won 
his bet, that he could disturb the serenity of the 
poet Canalis, albeit his self-assurance was enor- 
mous, by gazing fixedly at his ruffles, his boots, or 
his coat-tails, while he was reciting verses or talk- 
ing dogmatically, in an attitude studied for effect. — 
Modeste Mignon. — Being on friendly terms with 
Mademoiselle des Touches, he was present at a 
rout at her house on a certain occasion, shortly 
after 1830, when Henri de Marsay told the story 
of his first love; he took part in the conversation. 

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and depicted the camme it faut woman to Count 
Adam Laginski. — Another Study of IVoman. — In 
1832, he was received at Madame d'Espard's, where 
he met Madame de Montcornet, his playmate in 
childhood, with the Princesse de Cadignan, Lady 
Dudley, Messieurs d'Arthez, Nathan, Rastignac, 
the Marquis d'Ajuda-Pinto, Maxime de Trailles, the 
Marquis d'Esgrignon, the two Vandenesses, Mon- 
sieur du Tillet, Baron de Nucingen, and the Cheva- 
lier d'Espard, brother-in-law of the marchioness. — 
The Secrets of La Princesse de Cadignan. — About 1833, 
Blondet introduced Nathan at Madame de Montcor- 
net's, where the young Comtesse F^lix de Van- 
denesse made the poet's acquaintance and fell in 
love with him, for a time. — A Daughter of Eve. — 
In 1836, he was present with Finot and Couture, in 
a private room at a famous restaurant, when Bixiou, 
with much spirit, told the story of Nucingen's begin- 
nings. — The House of Nucingen. — Eight or ten years 
prior to February, 1848, Emile Blondet, who was on 
the verge of suicide, suddenly found his position 
entirely changed; he was appointed prefect, and 
married the Comte de Montcornet's rich widow, 
who offered him her hand as soon as she was free: 
they had known and loved each other from child- 
hood. — TTte Peasants. 

Blondet (Virginie), wife of Emile Blondet, who 
was her second husband; born in 1797, daughter 
of the Vicomte de Troisville, granddaughter of 
the Russian Princess Scherbelloff. — She had been 

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brought up, at Alencon, with her future husband. 
In 1819, she married General de Montcornet, and, 
when she was widowed, twenty years later, was 
married again to her old playfellow, who had long 
been her lover. — The Secrets of La Princesse de 
Cadignan. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. — The Peas^ 
ants. — In 1821, in concert with Madame d'Espard, 
she labored to convert Lucien de Rubemprfe to 
monarchical ideas. — Lost Illusions. — Shortly after 
1830, she was present at a rout at Mademoiselle 
des Touches^s, when Henri de Marsay told the story 
of his first love, and she took part in the conversa- 
tion. — Another Study of Woman. — She received in 
her salon a company that was slightly mixed, from 
the aristocratic standpoint, and included celebrities 
in the world of finance, art, and literature. — The 
Deputy from Arcis. — Madame Felix de Vandenesse 
first saw and noticed Nathan the poet at Madame 
de Montcornet^s in 1834 or 1835. — A Daughter of 
Eoe. — Madame Blondet, then Madame la Generate 
de Montcornet, passed the summer and autumn of 
1823 at her fine estate of Aigues in Bourgogne, 
where she lived a busy, agitated life, surrounded 
by peasants of many different types. — Married a 
second time, wife of a prefect, she had to pass 
through her former estate during the reign of Louis- 
Philippe, at least eight years prior to February, 1848. 
— The Peasants. 

Bluteau (Pierre), name assumed by Genestas. — 
The Country Doctor. 

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Bocquillon, an acquaintance of Madame Etienne 
Gruget; in 1820, she mistook for him the note-broker 
Jules Desmarets, as he entered her house on Rue 
des Enfants-Rouges, Paris. — History of the Thirteen: 

Bogseck (Madame Van), name given by Jacques 
Collin to Esther Van Gobseck, in 1825, when he de- 
livered her, transformed intellectually and morally, 
to Lucien de Rubempre, in a magnificent apartment 
on Rue Taitbout. — Splendors and Miseries of Cour- 

Boirouge, president of the court at Sancerre, in 
the days when the Baronne de la Baudraye reigned 
in that town. — Related, through his wife, to the 
Popinot-Chandiers, to the magistrate Popinot, of 
Paris, and to Anselme Popinot. Proprietor, by in- 
heritance, of a house with which he did not know 
what to do, he gladly rented it to the baroness, to 
install a literary society, which very soon degene- 
rated into an ordinary club. President Boirouge 
took part, through jealousy, in the machinations to 
defeat the king's attorney, Clagny, when he was a 
candidate for the Chamber. He was considered to 
be rather careless of propriety in his speech. — The 
Muse of the Department. 

Boirouge (Madame), born Popinot -Chandler, 
wife of President Boirouge; an important personage 
in bourgeois circles at Sancerre. — After standing for 

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nine years at the head of a party opposed to the 
domination of Madame de la Baudraye, she persuaded 
her son Gatien to procure admission to the baroness's 
salon, flattering herself that he would soon find his 
way into her good graces. Taking advantage of 
Bianchon's sojourn at Sancerre, Madame Boirouge 
obtained a gratuitous consultation with the famous 
physician, her kinsman, describing alleged nervous 
pains in her stomach, which he diagnosed as periodic 
indigestion. — The Muse of the Department. 

Boirouge (Gatien), son of President Boirouge; 
born in 1814; the youngest patito of Madame de la 
Baudraye, who employed him in all sorts of petty 
ways. Gatien was gulled by Lousteau, to whom he 
had confided his passion for that superior woman. — 
The Muse of the Department. 

Boisfranc (De), procureur-general, then first 
president of a royal court under the Restoration. — 
See Dubut. 

Boisfranc (Dubut de), president of the Court 
of Aids under the old regime, brother of Dubut de 
Boisfrelon and Dubut de Boislaurier. — The Other 
Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Boisfrelon (Dubut de), brother of Dubut de 
Boisfranc and Dubut de Boislaurier; formerly coun- 
sellor to the Parliament, born in 1736, died in 1832, 
in the house of his niece, Madame de la Chanterie. — 

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His successor there was Godefroid. Monsieur de 
Boisfrelon was one of the Brothers of Consolation. 
He was married, but his wife probably died before 
him. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Boislaurier (Dubut de), younger brother of 
Dubut de Boisfranc and Dubut de Boisfrelon. — 
One of the principal leaders of the rebels in the 
West, in 1808-1809, when he was known by 
the name of Auguste. With Rifoel, Chevalier du 
Vissard, he planned the affair of the chauffeurs of 
Mortagne. At the trial of the '' brigands/' he was 
sentenced to death by default.— FA^ Other Side of 
Contemporaneous History. 

Bois-Levant, chief of division in the Ministry 
of Finance, in 1824, at the time when Xavier 
Rabourdin and Isidore Baudoyer were rivals for the 
succession to another division, F. de la Billardi&re's. 
— The Civil Serviu. 

Boleslas, Pole in the service of Count and 
Countess Adam Laginski, Rue de la Pepiniire, 
Paris, between 1835 and 1842. — The Pretended Mis- 

Bonamy (Ida), aunt of Mademoiselle Antonia 
Chocardelle. — Under Louis-Philippe, she kept a 
bookstall, given to her niece by Maxime de Trailles, 
on Rue Coquenard, *' within a few steps of Rue 
Pigalle."— ^ Man of Business. 

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Bonaparte (Napoleon), Emperor of the French; 
born at Ajaccio, August 15, 1768 or 1769— there 
are authorities for both dates;— died at Saint Helena, 
May 5, 1821. — In October, 1800, being then First 
Consul, he received the Corsican Bartolomeo di 
Piombo at the Tuileries and extricated his compa- 
triot, who was compromised by a vendetta, from 
his unfortunate predicament. — The Vendetta. — On 
October 13, i8o4» the eve of the battle of Jena, 
he was appealed to on the very battle-field by 
Laurence de Cinq-Cygne, who had come In hot 
haste from France; and he accorded to her the 
pardon of the Simeuses and Hauteserres, who were 
compromised in the matter of the kidnapping of 
Senator Malin de Gondreville. — A Dark Affair. — 
We find Napoleon displaying great interest in his 
lieutenant, Hyacinthe Chabert, during the battle of 
Eylau. — Colonel Chabert. — In November, 1809, he 
was expected at a great ball given by Senator Malin 
de Gondreville, but he was detained at the Tuile- 
ries by a scene which took place that same evening 
between Josephine and himself, a scene which fore- 
shadowed their approaching divorce. — The Peace of 
the Household. — He overlooked the infamous proceed- 
ings of the police-agent Contenson. — The Other Side of 
Contemporaneous History. — In April, 181 3, at a review 
on Place du Carrousel, Napoleon noticed Mademoi- 
selle de Chatillonest, who had come thither with her 
father to see the handsome Victor d'Aiglemont; and 
he leaned toward Duroc and said a few words which 
made the grand-marshal smile. — A IVoman of Thirty. 

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Bonaparte (Lucien), brother of Napoleon; born 
in 1775, died in 1840. — In June, 1800, he announced 
in the apartments of Talleyrand, Minister of Foreign 
Relations, and in the presence of Fouchfe, Sieyte, 
and Carnot, his brother's victory at Montebello. — 
A Dark Affair. — In October of the same year, 
having fallen in with his compatriot Bartolomeo 
di Piombo, he introduced him to the First Consul's 
presence, gave him his purse, and assisted mate- 
rially in extricating him from his embarrassment. — 
The Vendetta. 

Bonfalot or Bonvalot (Madame), elderly rela- 
tive of F. du Bruel, in Paris. — In 1834, La Palferine, 
meeting Madame du Bruel for the first time on the 
boulevard, audaciously followed her to Madame de 
Bonfalot's, where she was going to call. — A Prince 
of Bohemia. 

Bonfons (Cruchot de), born in 1786, nephew of 
Cruchot the notary and Abbe Cruchot; president 
of the court of first instance at Saumur in 1819. — 
The three Cruchots, supported by a goodly number 
of cousins and connected with twenty families in 
the town, formed a party there, like the Medicis of 
Florence long ago, and, like the Medicis, the Cru- 
chots had their Pazzis, namely: the des Grassins. 
The prize for which the Cruchots and des Gras- 
sins contended was the hand of the wealthy heiress 
Eugenie Grandet. In 1827, after nine years of sus- 
pense, President Cruchot de Bonfons finally married 

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the young woman, her father and mother being 
then dead. He had previously been employed by 
her to pay in full, principal and interest, all the 
debts of Charles Grandet's father. Six months 
after his marriage, Bonfons was appointed a coun- 
sellor in the royal court at Angers; and, after a 
few years, having attracted attention by his devo- 
tion to his work, he became first president. Lastly, 
having been chosen Deputy from Saumur, in 1832, 
he died within a week, leaving his widow the pos- 
sessor of an enormous fortune, increased by the 
property of Ci uchot the notary and Abbfe Cruchot. 
Bonfons was the name of an estate belonging to 
the magistrate; he married Eugenie solely from 
cupidity; he looked like ''a long, rusty nail.'' — 
EugMe Grandet. 

Bonfons (Eugenie Cruchot de), only child of 
Monsieur and Madame F^lix Grandet, born at Sau- 
mur in 1796. — She was brought up on the narrowest 
principles by a gentle-minded and pious mother and 
a harsh and miserly father; her life had no other 
gleam of sunshine than an absolutely platonic affec- 
tion for her cousin, Charles Grandet; but that young 
man forgot her as soon as he had left her side, and 
on his return from India, wealthy, in 1827, married 
a young woman of noble birth. It was then that 
Eugenie Grandet, having lost her father and mother, 
paid the creditors of Charles's father in full, and 
gave her hand to President Cruchot de Bonfons, 
who had been an applicant for it for nine years. 

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At thirty-six, a widow but still a virgin, in accord- 
ance with her fixed resolve, she retired sadly to 
the gloom of her father's house at Saumur, and de- 
voted the rest of her life to charitable and benevo- 
lent work. After her father's death, Eugfenie was 
often spoken of by the Cruchots and their adherents 
as Mademoiselle de Froidfond, that being the name 
of one of her estates. In 1832, an attempt was made 
to arrange a marriage between Madame de Bonfons 
and the Marquis de Froidfond, a penniless widower 
with several children, and more than fifty years old. 
— Euginie Grandet. 

Bongrand, born in 1769; at first, an advocate 
at Melun, then justice of the peace at Nemours, 
from 1814 to 1837. — Being a friend of Doctor 
Mirouet, he assisted in Ursule Mirouet's education, 
protected her to the best of his ability after the 
old doctor's death, and contributed to the forced 
restitution of her fortune, of which Minoret-Levrault 
had obtained possession by stealing the doctor's 
will. Monsieur Bongrand would have liked to 
arrange a match between Ursule and his son, 
but she loved Savinien de Portendufere; the justice 
of the peace became president of the court at 
Melun after Ursule's marriage to Savinien. — Ursule 

Bongrand (Eugene), son of the preceding. — 
He studied procure at Paris, in the office of Der- 
ville the solicitor, while he was studying law; 

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became king's attorney at Melun after the Revolu- 
tion of 1830, and procureur-general in 1837; as he 
was unable to marry Ursule Mirouet, he probably 
married the daughter of Monsieur Levrault, a former 
mayor of Nemours. — Ursule Mirouet. 

Bonnac, a very comely young man, first clerk 
to Lupin the notary at Soulanges, in 1823. He had 
no means outside of his salary; was the object of a 
platonic affection on the part of his employer's wife, 
called Bebelle, a coarse, absurd woman, entirely 
without education. — The Peasants. 

Bonn^bault, ex-cavalryman, the Lovelace of the 
village of Blangy — Bourgogne — ^and its neighbor- 
hood, in 1823. — Lover of Marie Tonsard, who was 
mad over him, he had other ''good friends," and 
lived at their expense; their liberality was insuffi- 
cient for his dissipation, his expenses at the cafe, 
and his unbridled passion for billiards. He dreamed 
of marrying Aglae Socquard, only child of Pfere Soc- 
quard, who kept the cafe de la Paix at Soulanges. 
Bonnebault obtained three thousand francs from 
General de Montcornet by voluntarily confessing to 
him that he had been hired to kill him for that sum. 
This disclosure finally persuaded the general, weary 
of his savage conflict with the peasants, to offer his 
estate of Aigues for sale, and it fell into the hands of 
Gaubertin, Rigou, and Soudry. Bonnebault squinted, 
and his physical appearance was on a par with his 
depravity. — The Peasants. 

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Bonn6bault (Mftre), grandmother of the pre- 
ceding. — In 1823, at Conches, — Bourgogne, — where 
she dwelt, she owned a cow which she did not hesi- 
tate to pasture in Genera! de Montcornet's fields; 
the innumerable (Jepredations of the old woman, 
who was loaded with convictions for similar offences, 
decided the general to order the cow to be seized. — 
The Peasants. 

Bonnet (Abbfe), cnxk of Montegnac, near Limoges, 
from 1814. — He was present in that capacity at the 
public confession of Madame Graslin, his penitent, 
in the summer of 1844. A graduate of the semi- 
nary of Saint-Sulpice, Paris, he refused to leave the 
village to which he had been sent, and where he 
brought about, at first alone, later with Madame 
Graslin's assistance, material and moral ameliora- 
tions which completely transformed a wretched 
district. It was he who led back into the bosom 
of the Church the rebellious Tascheron, and accom- 
panied him to the foot of the scaffold, with a devo- 
tion to duty which caused intense suffering to his 
extremely sensitive nature. — Born in 1788, he en- 
tered the priesthood from pure piety, as soon as his 
studies were concluded: he belonged to a family in 
more than easy circumstances; his father, the sole 
architect of his own fortune, was a stern, inflexible 
man. kbbk Bonnet had an older brother, and a sis- 
ter for whom he urged his mother to find a husband 
as soon as possible, in order to set her free from the 
cruel yoke of paternal authority. — The yUlage Curi. 

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Bonnet* Abbe Bonnet's older brother* volun- 
teered as a private soldier in the early days of the 
Empire* and became a general in 1813; he was 
killed at Leipsic. — Tke yUlage Curi. 

Bonnet (Germain)* valet de chambre to Canalis 
in 1829, when the poet went to Havre to contend 
with his rivals for the hand of Modeste Mignon. — 
He was an exceedingly shrewd servant* irreproach- 
able in his behavior* an admirable foil for his master. 
He paid court to Philox^ne Jacmin* Madame de 
Chaulieu's maid. The servants' quarters imitated 
the salon* the academician having the maid's mis- 
tress for his mistress. — Modeste Afignon. 

Bontems* rural landowner in the outskirts of 
Bayeux* who became very rich during the Revolu- 
tion* by purchasing great quantities of national prop- 
erty for a song. He was a double-dyed red cap and 
president of his district. Father of Angelique Bon- 
tems* who married Granville under the Empire; 
Bontems was dead when the marriage took place. — 
A Double Family. 

Bontems (Madame)* wife of the preceding; pious 
beyond all bounds* and decidedly vain; mother of 
Angelique Bontems* whom she had brought up in 
her own sentiments* and whose marriage with a 
Granville was so unhappy. — A Double Family. 

Bontems (Angelique). — See Madame de Gran- 

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Borain (Mademoiselle), the most skilful dress- 
maker in ProvinSy in the time of Charles X.» was 
instructed by the Rogrons to make a complete trous- 
seau for Pierrette Lorrain, when that young woman 
was sent to them from Bretagne. — Pierrette. 

Bordevin (Madame), butcher on Rue Chariot, 
Paris, at the time Sylvain Pons lived on Rue de 
Normandie near by. — Madame Bordevin was related 
to Madame Sabatier.— Coi^sin Pons. 

Bordin, procureur at the chMelet before the 
Revolution, then solicitor at the court of first in- 
stance of the Department of the Seine, under the 
Empire. — In 1798, he gave information and advice 
to Monsieur Alain, a creditor of Mongenod; they 
had been clerks together in the procureur's office.^ 
In 1806, the Marquis de Chargeboeuf went to Paris 
to seek out Maltre Bordin, who defended the Si- 
meuses before the criminal court at Troyes in the 
matter of the abduction and sequestration of the 
Senator Malin de Gondreville. In 1809, ^^ defended 
Henriette Bryond des Tours-Mini^res, born La Chan- 
terie, in the so-called affair of the chauffeurs of 
Mortagne.— y4 Dark Affair.— The Other Side of Con- 
temporaneaus History. — In 1816, Bordin was con- 
sulted by Madame d'Espard on the subject of her 
husband. — The Interdiction. — Under the Restoration, 
a banker at Alencon paid over every three months, 
to the Chevalier de Valois, a hundred and fifty 
francs sent by Bordin from Paris. — The Old Maid. — 

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Bordin was the solicitor of the nobility for ten years; 
his successor in that connection was Derville. — A 
Dark Affair. 

A Monsieur Bordin (JferOme-Sebastien), who was 
also procureur at the Ch&telet, and in 1806 solicitor 
at the tribunal of the Seine, succeeded Mattre Guer- 
bet and turned his office over to Sauvagnest, who 
sold it to Desroches. — A Start in Life. 

Born (Comte de), brother of the Vicomtesse de 
Grandlieu. — At his sister's house, in the winter of 
1829-1830, he was a party to a conversation during 
which Derville the solicitor described the conjugal 
infelicities of Monsieur de Restaud, and told the 
story of his last will and his death. The Comte 
de Born followed him and described the character of 
Maxime de Trailles, Madame de Restaud's lover. — 

Bomiche, son-in-law of Monsieur Hochon, the 
old miser of Issoudun. — He died of grief because 
he was unsuccessful in business and received no 
assistance from his father and mother; his wife died 
very shortly before or after him; they left a son 
and daughter, Baruch and Adolphine, who were 
brought up by their maternal grandfather, together 
with Francois Hochon, another grandson of the old 
man. Bor niche seems to have been a Calvinist. — 
La Rabouilleuse. 

Borniche (Monsieur and Madame), father and 
mother of the preceding. — They were still living in 

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1823, when their son and daughter-in-law had long 
been dead; in April of that year, old Madame 
Borniche and her friend Madame Hochon, who 
were prominent personages in Issoudun^ attended 
the wedding of La Rabouilleuse and Jean- Jacques 
Rouget. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Borniche (Baruch), grandson of the preceding 
and of Monsieur and Madame Hochon. — Born in 
1800, he lost his parents early in life, and was 
brought up with his sister by their maternal grand- 
father. He was one of the devoted followers of 
Maxence Gilet and took part in all the nocturnal 
exploits of the "Knights of Idleness/' When his 
grandfather learned of his conduct, in 1822, he lost 
no time in sending him away from Issoudun to Paris, 
where he entered the Mongenod establishment to 
study banking. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Borniche (Adolphine), sister of Baruch; born in 
1804. Brought up almost like a recluse in the dull, 
monotonous household of her grandfather Hochon, 
she was constantly looking out of the window, 
hoping to detect some of the enormities which took 
place, according to common rumor, beneath the roof 
of Jean- Jacques Rouget, her grandfather's neighbor. 
She also awaited impatiently Joseph Bridau's arrival 
at Issoudun, longing to inspire some tender senti- 
ment in him, and taking the keenest interest in him, 
because of the monstrosities attributed to him as a 
painter. — La Rabouilleuse. 

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Bomiche-H6rau or Hdreau, name of one of 
the most considerable families in Issoudun under the 
Restoration; Carpentier^ a retired cavalry officer 
living in the town, had married a Borniche-H^rau. — 
La RabouilUuse. 

Borromeo (Count), owner of the two islands 
in Lago Maggiore at the beginning of the nineteenth 
century. — A character in the Ambitious Through 
Love, a novel by Albert Savarus, published in the 
Revue de PEst in 1834. — Albert Savarus. 

Boucard, chief clerk to Mattre Derville, in 1818, 
when Colonel Chabert sought to enforce his rights 
over his wife, who had remarried with Comte 
Ferraud.— Q>/t»w/ Chabert. 

Boucher, tradesman at Besancon in 1834, was 
Albert Savarus's first client in that town, and 
became financial manager of the Revue de l*Est, 
founded by the advocate. Monsieur Boucher was 
connected through his wife with one of the largest 
publishers of important theological works. — Albert 

Boucher (Alfred), eldest son of the preceding; 
born In 1812. — A young man very eager for literary 
renown, whom Albert Savarus employed in the 
editorial office of the Revue de rEst, furnishing him 
with ideas and giving him subjects for articles. 
Alfred conceived a profound admiration for his chief. 

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who treated him as a friend. The first number of 
the Revue contained a ''Meditation'' by Alfred. 
He fancied that he was exploiting Savarus; in 
reality the boot was on the other leg. — Albert 

Bondet, famous druggist in Paris^ employed to 
embalm the body of the Marquis de TEstorade, who 
died in 1841. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Bouff6 (Marie) alias ytgnol, actor, born in Paris 
September 4, iSoo, acted, about 1822, at the Th^fttre 
du Panorama-Dramatique, on Boulevard du Temple, 
Paris, the part of the alcade in a play by Messieurs 
Raoul Nathan and du Bruel, entitled V Alcade 
dans rEmbarras, imbroglio in three acts, and on 
the evening of the first performance announced the 
authors under the names of Raoul and Cursy. 
This artist, then very young, revealed for the first 
time in that rOle, in which he made a great hit, his 
talent for acting old men. Lucien de Rubempr^'s 
feuiOeton called attention to it. — Lost Illusions. — It 
is well known that the Panorama-Dramatique was 
unique in that it had a glass curtain. The theatre 
was opposite Rue Chariot. It afterward became a 
dwelling-house, from which Fieschi fired on Louis- 
Philippe, and the site was occupied still later by 
another building owned by Mourier of the Folies- 

BoQgival (La). — See Madame Cabirolle^ 

I ftiralslM4 by MaduM Boaffi. 

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Bougniol (Mesdemoiselles), kept an inn at 
Gu^rande, — Loire-lnfferieure, — under the reign of 
Louis-Philippe^ where they entertained certain 
artists, friends of Ffelicite des Touches, — Camille 
Maupin, — ^who had come from Paris to see her. 

Bourbonne (£)e), rich landowner of Tours, 
under Louis XVIII. and Charles X. — He was Octave 
de Camps's uncle, and came to Paris, in 1824, to 
inquire into the causes of the ruin of his nephew 
and sole heir, who was reported to have squandered 
his all with Madame Firmiani. Monsieur de Bour- 
bonne, an ex-musketeer and formerly a great lady's- 
man, moved in the best society, he was on friendly 
terms with the Listom^res, the Lenoncourts, and 
Vandenesses in Faubourg Saint-Germain; he ob- 
tained an introduction to Madame Firmiani under 
the name of Monsieur de Rouxellay, which was the 
name of his estate. The advice of Monsieur de 
Bourbonne, who was a very shrewd, keen-witted 
man, might have rescued Francois Birotteau from 
Troubeht's clutches; for Monsieur de Camps's uncle 
divined the dark scheme of the future Bishop of 
Troyes. Bourbonne was very intimate with the 
Listomires at Tours. — Madame Firmiani. — The Curd 
of Tours. 

Bourdet (Benjamin), an ex-soldier of the Empire, 
formerly under the command of Philippe Bridau. — 
Living on his pension in the outskirts of Vatan, and 

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having some acquaintance with Fario, he placed 
himself, in 1822, unreservedly at the disposal of the 
Spaniard and of his former officer, who had once 
done him a favor, in their hatred and their schemes 
against Maxence Gilet. — La RabouiBeuse. 

Bourgeat, foundling of Saint-Flour. — A water- 
carrier in Paris In the latter part of the eighteenth 
century, the playmate in boyhood and the bene- 
factor of the famous surgeon Desplein. Lived on 
Rue des Quatre-Vents, in a poor house doubly 
celebrated as the home of Desplein and of Daniel 
d'Arthez. A fervent Catholic and unwavering be- 
liever. Had his eyes closed by the future famous 
surgeon who watched beside his death-bed. — The 
Atheist's Mass. 

Bourget, uncle of the brothers Chaussard; an 
old man implicated in the affair of the chauffeurs of 
Mortagne in 1809. — He died during the preliminary 
investigation, while in the act of disclosing what he 
knew; his wife, who was also prosecuted, appeared 
before the court and was sentenced to twenty-two 
years' imprisonment. — The Other Side of Contempo- 
raneous History. 

Bourgneufs (The), a family ruined by Mes- 
sieurs de Camps, living in poverty and seclusion 
at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, early in the nineteenth 
century. The family comprised the aged father, 
who had charge of a lottery office, the mother, who 

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was almost always ill^ and two charming daughters 
who kept the house and their father's books. The 
Bourgneufs were rescued from poverty by Octave de 
Camps, who, at the instigation of Madame Firmiani, 
and at the expense of all his property, restored the 
fortune stolen by his father. — Madame Firmiam. 

Bourguier (Du). — See Du Bousquier. 

father of Madame Jules Desmarets; one of the TXtr- 
teen and formerly chief of the order of D&vorants 
under the title of Ferragus XXIII. He had been a 
mechanic, then a building contractor. He had his 
daughter by a woman in society. Sentenced about 
1807 to twenty years' penal servitude, he succeeded 
in escaping during the journey of the chain-gang from 
Paris to Toulon, and returned to Paris; he lived there 
in 1820, under various names and various disguises, 
first on Rue des Vieux-Augustins,* at the corner of 
Rue Soly; t then at No. 7 Rue Joquelet, and finally 
at Madame E. Gruget's, No. 12 Rue des Enfants* 
Rouges; t constantly changing his abode to elude 
the investigations of Auguste de Maulincour. Hard 
hit by the death of his daughter, whom he adored, 
and with whom his interviews had always been 
secret, so that the young woman's compromising 
story might be hidden from all, he ended his life on 

• Now Rot d'Argoot 

fA lant which has now dlsappesrad m a rasult of tht raballdlof of tht 
HOtd dM PostM. 

X Now that part of Rut dao Archlvat ronnlof froB Rut PastoartUt to Rat 

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Place de I'Observatoire, an almost idiotic and un- 
conscious spectator of tlie games of cochonnet of 
whicli the territory between the Luxembourg and 
Boulevard du Montparnasse was then the scene. 
One of Bourignard's assumed names was the Comte 
de FuncaL In 181;, Bourignard, called Ferragus, 
assisted Henri de Marsay, one of the Thirteen, in his 
descent up>on the HOtel San-R^al, the domicile of 
Paquita Valdte. — History of the Thirteen: Ferragus; 
The Girl with Golden Eyes. 

Bourlac (Bernard- Jean-Baptiste-Macloud, Baron 
de), born in 1771, some time procureur-general at 
the royal court of Rouen, grand officer of the 
Legion of Honor. — He had married, from love, 
the daughter of the Pole Tarlowski, colonel in the 
Garde Imperiale, by birth a Frenchwoman, and 
had by her a daughter, Vanda, who became Baronne 
de Mergi. He came to Paris, in 1829, a widower 
and retired, to obtain medical advice for Vanda, who 
was afflicted with a very strange and very serious 
disease. He took up his quarters originally, with 
his daughter and grandson, in the Roule quarter, 
but, in 1838, they had been living for several years, 
in very straitened circumstances, in a wretched 
house on Boulevard du Montparnasse, where Gode- 
froid, a novice in the order of the "Brothers of 
Consolation,'' assisted him on behalf of Madame 
de la Chanterle and her associates. They discov- 
ered subsequently that Baron de Bourlac was the 
terrible magistrate who had secured the conviction 

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of that noble woman and her daughter, at the time 
of the prosecution of the chauffeurs of Mortagne, in 
1809. The assistance was continued, none the less. 
Vanda was cured, thanks to a foreign physician, 
Halpersohn, secured by Godefroid. Monsieur de 
Bourlac was able to arrange for the publication of 
his great work on the Spirit of Modern Laws; a chair 
of Comparative Legislation at the Sorbonne was es- 
tablished for him; at last, he obtained the forgiveness 
of Madame de la Chanterie, at whose feet he hum- 
bled himself. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous 
History. — In 1817, Baron de Bourlac, then procureur- 
general and official superior of Soudry junior, king's 
attorney, assisted with his influence in securing the 
appointment of Sibilet as steward of General de 
Montcornet's property at Aigues. — The Peasants. 

Bournier, natural son of Gaubertin and Madame 
Socquard, wife of the proprietor of the caf6 at Sou- 
langes. — Madame Gaubertin was unaware of his 
existence. He was sent to Paris, where, under the 
supervision of Leclercq, he learned the printer's 
trade, became a proof-reader, and was eventually 
recalled by Gaubertin to Ville-aux-Fayes, where he 
established a printing-office and a newspaper, the 
Courrier de PAvonne, entirely devoted to the inter- 
ests of the triumvirate, Rigou, Gaubertin, and 
Soudry. — The Peasants^ 

Bousquier (Du), or Du Croisier, or Du Bour- 
guier, born about 1760, of an old family of Alen- 
con. — He had been a contractor for provisions for 

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the army from 1793 to 1799, had done business 
with Ouvrard, and had had intimate relations with 
Barras, Bernadotte, and Fouch^. He was one of the 
most important personages in the world of finance. 
Dismissed by Bonaparte, in 1800, he retired to his 
native town,* having no other means than an an- 
nuity of twelve hundred francs, after selling the 
Hotel de Beaus^ant in order to pay his creditors. 
About 1816, he married Mademoiselle Cormon, an 
old maid, whose hand was sought by the Chevalier 
de Valois and Athanase Granson as well as by him- 
self. Having become wealthy once more by means 
of this marriage, he put himself at the head of the 
opposition, founded a liberal newspaper, the Courrier 
de POrne, and was app>ointed receiver-general after 
the Revolution of 1830. He waged pitiless war upon 
the Royalists who adhered to the white flag, and, 
through hatred for them, secretly helped on the disor- 
derly life of Victurnien d'Esgrignon, until the young 
man committed a forgery to his prejudice, when he 
caused his arrest and tried to ruin him forever. 
The affair was smoothed over by the intervention 
of powerful influences; but the young nobleman 
challenged Monsieur du Bousquier, who wounded 
him severely and then bestowed upon him the hand 
of his niece Mademoiselle Duval, whose dowry was 
three million francs. — The Old Maid. — The Cabinet 
of Antiquities, — He was, perhaps, the father of 

* Alcn^on, when Rae du Cyent exists to-day under tht Mnt luune. This 
tanct Inlbmatlon, with other details concemingr AleD9on. Is ftimlshed by our 
friend Monsieur Chartes Nd, at whose Thtttre des Natloot Us Oirbtmvi was 
played fbvr years ago. 

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Flavie Minoret, daughter of a famous danseuse at 
the Op^ra, but he paid no attention to the child, 
who received a dowry from the Princesse Gala- 
thionne and married CoUeville. — The Petty Baur- 

Bousquier (Madame du), born Cormon — ^Rose- 
Marie Victoire — in 1773. — She was a very wealthy 
heiress, and, in 1816, lived with her maternal uncle, 
Abbe de Sponde, in an old house at Alencon/ 
where she received the noble families of the town 
with whom she was connected by marriage. 
Courted simultaneously by Athanase Granson, 
the Chevalier de Valois, and Monsieur du Bous- 
quier, she gave her hand to the former contractor, 
whose athletic figure and dissipated past made a 
vague impression on her, but who disappointed her 
secret hopes, since she admitted later that she could 
not endure the idea of dying a maid. Madame du 
Bousquier was very devout. She was descended 
from a line of stewards of the former Dues d'Alencon. 
In this same year, 1816, she had a mistaken idea 
that she might marry a Troisville, who proved to be 
married already. She was exceedingly distressed 
by the state of declared hostility between Monsieur 
du Bousquier and the Esgrignons. — The Old Maid. — 
The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Boutin, formerly quartermaster in the cavalry 
regiment of which Chabert was colonel. — He was 

• R«t «i V«»-NoM«. aoir Rut d'ArtsfA. 

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living at Stuttgart in i8i4» exiiibiting white bears 
remarkably well trained by him. In that city, he 
fell in with his former commander, entirely without 
means, and just released from the lunatic asylum; 
he assisted him as best he could and undertook to 
go to Paris and inform Madame Chabert that her 
husband was living. But Boutin, who was killed 
at Waterloo, was probably unable to perform his 
mission.— CbAnf^ Chabert. 

Boovard (Doctor), physician at Paris, born about 
1758. — A friend of Doctor Minoret, with whom he 
had some very lively discussions concerning Mesmer, 
whose system he had adopted, whereas Minoret de- 
nied its truth. These discussions ended in a pro- 
tracted misunderstanding between the two friends. 
At last, in 1829, Bouvard wrote to Minoret, asking 
him to come to Paris to witness certain conclusive 
experiments in magnetism. As a result of the afore- 
said experiments. Doctor Minoret was transformed 
from a materialist and atheist to a spiritualist and 
Catholic. In 1829, Doctor Bouvard lived on Rue 
Ferou. — Ursule Mirouet. — He had acted the part of a 
father to Doctor Lebrun, physician at the Concier- 
gerie in 1830, who, according to his own statement, 
owed his position to him, and who often referred to 
his master's ideas upon nervous force. — The Last 
Incarnation of yautrin. 

Bonyonnet, solicitor at Mantes under Louis- 
Philippe, spurred on by his confreres and incited 

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by the king's attorney, denounced Fraisier, also a 
solicitor in that town, for acting for both parties to 
a suit at once. The result of the denunciation was 
that Fraisier was compelled to sell his office and 
leave Mantes. — Cousin Pons. 

Brambourg (Comte de), title of Philippe Bridau, 
in which Joseph succeeded him. — La RabouiUeuse. 
— The Involuntary Comedians. 

Brandon (Lady Marie- Augusta), mother of Louis 
Gaston and Marie Gaston, illegitimate children. — 
Being on intimate terms with the Vicomtesse de 
Beausfeant, she was present with Colonel Fran- 
chessini, possibly her lover, at that famous ball on 
the morning of which D'Ajuda-Pinto's deserted 
mistress suddenly left Paris. — The Deputy from 
Arcis. — In 1820, while living in retirement at La 
Grenadi^re, near Tours, with her two children, she 
saw Felix de Vandenesse at the time of the death 
of Madame de Mortsauf and entrusted him with an 
urgent message for Lady Arabella Dudley. — The 
Lily of the VaUey. — She died at the age of thirty- 
six, under the Restoration, at La Grenadi^re above 
mentioned, and was buried in the cemetery at 
Saint-Cyr. Her husband. Lord Brandon, who had 
abandoned her, lived at that time in London, 
Brandon-Square, Hyde Park. In Touraine, Lady 
Brandon was known by no other name than the 
assumed one of Madame Willemsens. — La Grena- 

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Braschon, upholsterer or cabinet-maker, In Fau- 
bourg Saint-Antoine, famous under the Restoration. 
— He did some expensive work for Cesar Birotteau, 
and figured among his creditors at the time of his 
failure. — Cdsar Birotteau. — Splendors and hfiseries of 

Braulard, born in 1782. — Leader of the claque at 
the Panorama-Dramatique about 1822, afterward 
at the Gymnase; at that time, he was Mademoiselle 
Millot's lover; he lived in very comfortable apart- 
ments on Rue du Faubourg du Temple, where he 
gave dainty dinners to actresses, newspaper man- 
agers, and authors: among others, Ad^le Dupuis, 
Finot, Ducange, and Fr6d6ric du Petit-Mere. He 
was supposed to have made twenty thousand francs 
a year by dealing In authors' and other compli- 
mentary theatre tickets. — Lost Illusions. — About 
1843, being still leader of a claque, he had among 
his men Chardin, alias Idamore, — Cousin Bette, — 
and marshalled his *' Romans'* at the boulevard 
theatre^ — popular opera, fairy extravaganza, and 
ballet, — of which Felix Gaudissart was manager. — 
Cousin Pons. 

Brazier Family, consisting of: 

A peasant of Vatan, — Indre, — uncle on the father's 
side, and guardian of Mademoiselle Flore Brazier, 
called La Rabouitteuse ; in 1799, tie found a home 
for her with Doctor Rouget, on terms very advan- 
tageous to himself. Brazier. He died In 180$, two 

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years before the doctor, by whom he had been 
made relatively wealthy— as the result of a fall on 
coming out of a wine-shop, where he had passed 
his time since the change in his fortune; 

His wife, Florets aunt and cruel task-mistress; 

Lastiy, Flore's own father, the brother and brother- 
in-law of her guardians, who died, a widower and 
insane, at the hospital of Bourges, in 1799. — Lc^ Ra- 

Braxier (Flore). — See Madame Philippe Bridau. 

Briautey (Comtesse de), an old lady living at 
Provins, in the upper town, 1827-1828, whose salon 
was the only aristocratic one in the neighborhood. — 

Brebian (Alexandre de), member of the Angou- 
Mme aristoaacy in 1821. — He was an habitu6 of 
the Bargetons' salon. He was of an artistic turn 
like his friend Bartas, but was himself a monomaniac 
on the subject of drawing, and spoiled all the albums 
in the department with his wretched productions. 
He was reputed to be Madame de Bartas's lover, as 
Bartas was Madame de Brebian's. — Last Illusions. 

Brebian (Charlotte de), wife of the preceding. 
— She was commonly called Lolotte. — Lost Ulmions. 

Breintmayer, banking-house at Strasbourg 
through which funds were transmitted, in 1803, by 

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Michu to Messieurs de Simeuset then serving in the 
Prince de Condi's army. — A Dark Affair. 

Br6zac8 (The), Auvergnats, dealers in general 
merchandise and strippers of chateaux on a large 
scale, during the period of the Revolution, the 
Empire, and the Restoration. They had business 
relations with Pierre Graslin, Jean-Baptiste Sauviat, 
and Martin Falleix.— 7%^ Via(^i€ Curd.— The OvU 

Bricheteau (Jacques), musician, organist of the 
church of Saint-Louis-en-IMle, Paris, under Louis- 
Philippe; at the same time a clerk in the health 
department. — A nephew of Sister Marie-des-Anges, 
superior of the Ursuline convent at Arcis-sur-Aube, 
he was probably a native of that town. He it was 
who seaetly kept watch upon E>orlange in his child- 
hood, and who was entrusted with the duty of 
superintending his education and his mode of life; 
he had known the sculptor's mother and had had a 
Platonic affection for her. Through his efforts the 
Marquis de Sallenauve, who was in utter destitu- 
tion, consented, for a large sum of money, to 
acknowledge [>orlange legally. Bricheteau lived on 
Quai de B6thune, and at No. 5 Rue Castex. In 
1840, under the pseudonym of Larchevique, he 
entertained at the Feu Eternel restaurant on Boule- 
vard de THOpital, Mesdames Matifat, TanaMe, 
Josephine Madou, and Victorine, whom he enlight- 
ened as to their godson [>orlange-Sallenauve* In 

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184$, he was organist at Saint John Lateran at 
Rome, and there presumably he ended his life, 
which was one of the most devout piety. — The 
Deputy from Arcis. — Omte deSaUenauve. — TTie Beau- 
visage Family. 

Bridau, father of Philippe and Joseph Bridau, 
one of the secretaries of Roland, Minister of the 
Interior in 1792, and the right arm of succeeding 
incumbents of the office. — He was fanatically at- 
tached to Napoleon, who appreciated his good quali- 
ties, and was by him appointed chief of a division 
in 1804. He died in 1808, just as he was promoted 
to be director-general and councillor of state, with 
the title of count. He made the acquaintance of 
Agathe Rouget, who became his wife, at the grocer 
Descoings's, whom he tried to save from the scaf- 
fold. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Bridau (Agathe Rouget, Madame), born in 1773, 
legally the daughter of Doctor Rouget, of Issoudun, 
but possibly the natural daughter of the subdelegate 
Lousteau; the doctor, who cared little for her, sent 
her very early in life to Paris, where she was 
brought up by her uncle, Descoings the grocer. — 
She died in the latter part of 1828. Of her two 
sons, Philippe and Joseph, Madame Bridau always 
preferred the elder, who caused her nothing but 
misery. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Bridau (Philippe), elder son of Bridau and 
Agathe Rouget, born in 1796. — He entered the 

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school of Saint-Cyr in 1813, and left it six months 
later, a sub-lieutenant of cavalry. Promoted to be 
a lieutenant after a skirmish during the campaign in 
France, then a captain after the battle of La Ffere- 
Champenoise, where Napolfeon took him for orderly, 
he was decorated at Montereau. After witnessing 
the emperor^s farewell at Fontainebleau, he returned 
to his mother, in July, 1814, at the age of nineteen 
at most, not choosing to serve the Bourbons. In 
March, 181$, Philippe joined the Emperor at Lyons 
and accompanied him to the Tuileries; he was pro- 
moted to be a major in the dragoons of the guards 
and made an officer in the Legion of Honor, at 
Waterloo. He was retired on half-pay after the 
Restoration, but retained his rank and his decora- 
tion, none the less. He joined General Lallemand 
in Texas, and returned from America in October, 
1819, thoroughly perverted. In 1820-1821, he was 
manager of an opposition newspaper in Paris; he led 
at that period a most dissipated life, was the lover 
of Mariette Godeschal, and was at all the parties 
given by Tullia, Florentine, Florine, Coralie, Mati- 
fat, and Camusot. Not content with constantly 
purloining money from his brother Joseph, he stole 
from a cash-box which was entrusted to him, and 
robbed Madame Descoings of her last savings, 
whereupon she died of grief. Being involved in a 
military conspiracy, he was sent, in 1822, to Issou- 
dun under police supervision. There he sowed 
confusion in the " bachelor's household " of his 
uncle Jean- Jacques Rouget, killed Maxence Gilet, 

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. y ' 

^ Flore Brazier^s lover, in a duel, forced his uncle to 

^ marry the girl, and married her himself when she 

T became a widow, in 1824. At the accession of 

' '^ Charles X., Philippe Bridau returned to the army 

t - .^ as lieutenant-colonel in the Due de Maufrigneuse's 

regiment, exchanged, in 1827, into a regiment of 
U cavalry of the Garde Royale with the same rank, 

; and was made Comte de Brambourg, taking his title 

from the name of an estate he had purchased; he 
was also promoted to be a commander in the Legion 
of Honor and in the Order of Saint-Louis as well. 
After he had cunningly brought about the death of 
Flore Brazier, his wife, he sought to marry Amfelie 
de Soulanges, who belonged to a great family; but 
his manoeuvres were foiled by Bixiou. The Revo- 
lution of 1830 caused Philippe Bridau to lose a part 
of the fortune which he derived from his uncle by 
virtue of his marriage. He resumed service anew 
under the government of July, which gave him a 
colonel's commission, and was killed, in 1839, in 
an engagement against the Arabs in Africa. — La 
RabouiUmse. — Splendors and hMseries of Courtesans. 

Bridau (Joseph), painter, younger brother of 
Philippe Bridau, born in 1799. — A pupil of Gros, 
ne exhibited for the first time at the salon of 1823. 
Being powerfully supported by the members of the 
cenade on Rue des Quatre-Vents, with which he 
was connected, through his master, through Gerard, 
and through Mademoiselle des Touches, and, more- 
over, a persistent worker and an artist of genius. 

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he was decorated in 1827, and about 1839, through 
the influence of the Comte de S^rizy, in whose 
house he had previously done some work, he mar- 
ried the only daughter of a former farmer now a 
millionaire. At the death of his brother Philippe, 
he inherited his house on Rue de Berlin, his estate 
of Brambourg, and his title of count. — La RdbouU- 
leuse. — Lost Illusions. — A Start in Life. — He drew 
vignettes for Canalis's poems. — Modeste Mignon. — 
He was on most intimate and friendly terms with 
Hippolyte Schinner, whom he had known in Gros's 
studio. — The Purse. — Shortly after 1830, he was 
present at a rout at Mademoiselle des Touches 's, 
at which Henri de Marsay told the story of his first 
love-affair, and he took part in the conversation. — 
Another Study of Woman. — In 1832, he burst noisily 
into Pierre Grassou's studio, borrowed five hun- 
dred francs from him, and advised him to ** tackle 
nature,'* or even to devote himself to literature, 
since he could never hope to be anything better 
than a wretched painter. At that same period, Bri- 
dau was decorating the dining-room at d'Arthez's 
chateau. — Pierre Grassou. — Being a friend of Marie 
Gaston, he was one of the witnesses at his mar- 
riage to Louise de Chaulieu, Macumer's widow, in 
1833. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — He was also 
present at the wedding of Steinbock and Hortense 
Hulot, and in 1838, at the instigation of Stidmann, 
made up with Leon de Lora the sum of four thou- 
sand francs required to secure the release of the 
Pole, who was imprisoned for debt. He had painted 

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Jos^pha Mirah's portrait. — Cousin Bette. — In 1839, 
at Madame de Montcornet's, he extolled the char- 
acter and talent of the sculptor Dorlange. — The 
Deputy from Arcis. 

Bridau (Flore Brazier, Madame Philippe), born 
in 1787 at Vatan, — Indre, — ^known by the name of 
La Rabouilleuse^ because in her childhood her uncle 
ordinarily employed her to beat with a switch — 
rabouiUer—ihe streams in which crabs were to be 
found. She attracted the attention of Doctor Rou* 
get, of Issoudun, because of her great beauty, and 
he took her into his house in 1799; Jean- Jacques 
Rouget, the doctor's son, fell in love with her, but 
could obtain nothing from her except by the use of 
money; in 1816, she fell in love herself with Max- 
ence Gilet, whom she introduced into the old bache- 
lor's house, where he lived at his expense. Philippe 
Bridau's arrival at Issoudun changed the whole aspect 
of affairs: Gilet was killed in a duel, and Rouget, 
in 1823, married La Rabouilleuse. She was very 
soon widowed; she married the swashbuckler, and 
died at Paris in 1828, abandoned by her husband, 
in utter destitution, and afflicted by several terrible 
diseases, caused by the debauched life upon which 
Philippe Bridau had purposely launched her; she 
lived then on Rue de Houssay,* corner of Rue 
Chantereine,t in a fifth-floor room, which she left 

^ A portion of Iho prMcnt Rao TaKboot. 

tNamo changea btck to Riio <k Wi Vtctoire, tlnco tho iHfii o# Louio- 

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for the Dubois Hospital in Faubourg Saint-Denis, 
since removed to a higher location. — La RabouU- 

Bridau (Madame Joseph), only child of Leger, a 
millionaire, formerly a farmer,' at Beaumont-sur- 
Oise; married Joseph Bridau, the painter, about 
1839. — ^ RabouiUeuse. 

Brigaut (Major), of Pen-Hoel, — Vendfee; — a 
former major in the (^tholic armies acting against 
the French Republic. — A man of iron, of absolute 
and unwavering devotion and unselfishness; he had 
served under Charette, Mercier, the Baron du Gu^ 
nic, and the Marquis de Montauran. He died in 
1819, six months after Madame Lorrain, the widow 
of a major in the imperial army, whom Brigaut, so 
it was said, consoled for the loss of her husband. — 
Major Brigaut had received twenty-seven wounds. 
— Pierrette. — The Chouans. 

Brigaut (Jacques), son of Major Brigaut; born 
about i8ii. — A playmate of Pierrette Lorrain, whom 
he loved innocently, just as Paul loved Virginie, 
and who loved him in the same way. When Pier- 
rette was sent to her kinsfolk, the Rogrons, at Pro- 
vins, Jacques also went to that town, where he 
worked at the carpenter's trade. He was present 
during the girl's last moments, then enlisted; he 
became a major after inviting death again and 
again to no purpose. — Pierrette. 

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Brigitte. — See Madame Cottin. 

Brigitte, maid-servant to Chesnel from 1795. — 
She was still with him on Rue du Bercail, Alencon, 
in 1824, at the time of the wild performances of 
young D'Esgrignon. Brigitte ministered to her 
master's gluttony, the goodman's only defect. — 
The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Brignolet, clerk to Bordin the solicitor in 1806. 
— A Start in Life. 

Brisetout (HeloTse), mistress of Cfelestin Crevel 
in 1838, and until he was made mayor. — She suc- 
ceeded Josepha Mirah in a little house on Rue 
Chauchat,* after sojourning on Rue Notre-Dame- 
de-Lorette, — Cousin Bette; — ^in 1844-1845, premiere 
danseuse at a boulevard theatre, she divided her 
favors between Bixiou and her manager, Gaudis- 
sart. She was a girl of pronounced literary tastes, 
renowned in Bohemia, refined and graceful; she was 
acquainted with some great artists and was able to 
give her kinsman, the musician Garangeot, an ex- 
cellent start. — Cousin Pons. — Toward the close of 
Louis-Philippe's reign, she was under the protec- 
tion of Isidore Baudoyer, then mayor of the arron- 
dissement which included Place Royale. — The Petty 

Brisset, A famous physician in Paris under Louis- 
Philippe. A materialist, successor to Cabanis and 

^ This street bas been chaoged veiy materially within a quarter of a century. 

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Bichat; as leader of the arganistes, opposed to 

Cameristus, leader of the vitalisUs. He was called i , 

in consultation to see Raphael de Valentin, then S 

seriously ill. — The Magic Skin. ^ 

Brochon, a soldier on half*pay who, in 1822, 
groomed horses and did the heavy chores for 
Moreau, steward of Presles, an estate belonging to 
the Comte de Serizy. — A Start in Life. 

Brossard (Madame Veuve du), a guest at Ma- 
dame de Bargeton's, at Angoul^me, in 1821. — As 
nobly born as she was poor, she sought a husband 
for her daughter, and with that end in view, not- 
withstanding her prim and bitter-sweet dignity, she 
actually made advances to men. — Lost IBusions. 

Brossard (Camille du), daughter of the preced- 
ing, born in 1794; tall and stout; supposed to be a 
fine performer on the piano; still unmarried at the 
age of twenty -seven. — Lost Illusions. 

Brossette (Abb^), born about 1790, cur^ of 
Blangy — Bourgogne — in 1823, at the time of Gen- 
eral de Montcor net's contest with the peasants, — 
The abb6 was himself the object of their suspicion 
and hatred. He was the fourth son of an excellent 
bourgeois family of Autun, a faithful priest, an un- 
wavering royalist, and a man of intelligence. — The 
Peasants. — In 1840, he had become a cur^ in Paris, 
in Faubourg Saint-Germain, and exerted himself, at 

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the request of Madame de Grandlieui to rescue 
Calyste du Guenic from the toils of Madame de 
Rochefide, in order to lead him back to his wife. — 

Brouet (Joseph), a Chouan, died of wounds re- 
ceived at the battle of La Pelerine or at the siege of 
Foug&res, in 1799. — The Chouans. 

Brouin (Jacquette), wife of Pierre Cambremer. 
— ^See that name. 

Brousson (Doctor), attended Jean-Fr6d6ric Tail- 
lefer the banker shortly before his death. — The Red 

Bruce (Gabriel), called Gros-Jean, one of the 
most savage Chouans in the Fontaine division; im- 
plicated in the affair of the chauffeurs of Mortagne 
in 1809; sentenced to death by default. — The Other 
Side of Omtemporaneous History. 

Bruel (Du), chief of division in the Ministry of 
the Interior under the Empire. — He was a friend 
of the elder Bridau, was sent into retirement by 
the Restoration, always maintained friendly rela- 
tions with Madame Veuve Bridau, and came every 
evening to play cards at her house on Rue Mazarine, 
with his former colleagues Claparon and Desroches. 
These three old government clerks were called the 
" three wise men of Greece " by Mesdames Bridau 
and E>escoings. Monsieur du Bruel was descended 

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from a farmer of the revenue ennobled at the dose 
of the reign of Louis XIV.; he died about 1821. — La 

Bruel (Madame du), wife of the preceding. — 
She survived him. She was the mother of the 
dramatic author Jean-Francois du Bruel, christened 
Cursy on the billboards of Paris. Although a strait- 
laced bourgeoise, Madame du Bruel received and 
welcomed the dancer Tullia, who had become her 
daughter-in-law. — A Prince of Bohemia. 

Bruel (Jean-Francois du), son of the preceding, 
l)orn about 1797, obtained a clerkship in the Ministry 
of Finance in 1816 through the influence of the Due 
de Navarreins. — La Rabouilleuse. — He was deputy- 
chief in Rabourdin's bureau in 1824, when the latter 
was contesting with Baudoyer the place of division 
chief. — The Civil Service. — In November, 1825, he 
was present at a breakfast at the Rocher de Cancale, 
given to the clerks in Desroches's office by Frederic 
Marest, to celebrate his becoming one of them; he 
was also present at the debauch which followed, at 
Florentine's. — A Start in Life. — Monsieur du Bruel 
became successively chief of bureau, director, coun- 
cillor of State, deputy, peer of France, commander 
of the Legion of Honor, received the title of count, 
and entered one of the academies of the Institute; 
all through the intriguing of his wife, Claudine 
Chaffaroux, formerly Tullia the ballet-dancer, whom 
he married in 1829. — A Prinu of Bohemia.^The 

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Petty Bourgeois. — For a long time he wrote farces, 
which he signed with the pseudonym of Cursy. 
Nathan, the poet, had been driven to collaboration 
with him; Du Bruei took the writer's ideas and 
worked them into clever, drawing little plays, 
always written for particular actors. Messieurs du 
Bruel and Nathan discovered Florine, the box-office 
actress; they were joint authors of the Alcade dans 
I'Embarras, imbroglio in three acts, performed at 
the Panorama-Dramatique in 1822, in which she 
made her debut, and in which Coralie and Bouffe — 
the name of Vignol — ^also appeared. — Lost Illusions. 
— A Daughter of Eve. 

Bruel (Claudine Chaffaroux, Madame du), born 
at Nanterre, in 1799. — One of the premieres dan- 
seuses at the Opera from 1817 to 1827; she was 
the Due de Rhetorfe's mistress for several years, — 
La Rabouilleuse, — ^and afterward Jean-Francois du 
Brud's, who fell in love with her in 1823 and mar- 
ried her in 1829; she had then left the stage. 
About 1834, she fell in with Charles-Edouard de la 
Palferine, fell madly in love with him, and in order 
to attract him, so as to appear to him in the guise 
of a grande dame, she boosted her husband intc 
the highest positions, and succeeded in obtaining 
the title of countess. At this time, however, she 
was feigning virtue, and had secured admission to 
bourgeois society. — A Prince of Bohemia. — Lost Illu- 
sions. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — In 1840, at 
the lequest of her friend Madame Colleville, she 

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interested herself in obtaining a decoration for Thuil- 
Her. — The Petty Bourgeois. — On the stage and in fast 
society, Madame du Bruel bore the name of Tuliia. 
She occupied at that time a house on Rue Chauchat, 
in which she was succeeded by Mesdames Mirah 
and Brisetout, when TuIlia, after her marriage, went 
to live on Rue de la Victoire. 

Brunet, bailiff at Slangy — Bourgogne — in 1823. 
He was at once the terror and the adviser of the 
whole canton; his followers were Michel Vert, alias 
Vermichel, and Pfere Fourchon. — The Peasants. 

Brunner (Gedfeon), Frederic Brunner's father. — 
During the Restoration and part of the reign of 
Louis-Philippe, he kept the Grand HOtel de HoUande 
at Frankfort-on-the-Main; one of the organizers of 
the Baden railways; he died about 1844, leaving 
four millions. Calvinist. He was twice married. — 
Cousin Pons. 

Brunner (Madame), Gedeon Brunner's first wife 
and Frederic Brunner's mother; related to the Vir- 
lazes, wealthy Jewish furriers in Leipsic; a converted 
Jewess. — ^Her marriage-portion formed the basis 01 
her husband's fortune. She died young, leaving a 
son only twelve years of age. — Cousin Pons. 

Brunner (Madame), G^dfeon Brunner's secoid 
wife; only child of a German innkeeper. She had 
been thoroughly spoiled by her parents. Dissipated, 

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extravagant, and withal sterile, she made her hus- 
band very unhappy, thus avenging her predecessor; 
an abominably cruel stepmother, she launched her 
stepson upon a life of unbridled dissipation, hop- 
ing that debauchery would consume the Jewess's 
son and her fortune. She died, after ten years of 
wedlock, before her parents, having made serious 
inroads upon Gedeon Brunner's wealth. — Cousin 

Brunner (Frfed^ric), only child of Gfedfeon Brun- 
ner, born during the first four years of the century. 
He squandered his mother's heritage in riotous 
living, then assisted his friend Wilhem Schwab to 
consume the one hundred thousand francs left him 
by his parents; that accomplished, as he was utterly 
penniless, and disowned by his father, he came to 
Paris in 1835, and by virtue of the recommendation 
of the hotel-keeper Graff, was employed by the 
Kellers at six hundred francs a year; in 1843, he 
was earning only two thousand; but, Gedeon Brun- 
ner having died, he became a multi-millionaire, and 
with his friend Wilhem founded the banking-house 
of Brunner, Schwab and Company, whose offices 
were on Rue Richelieu, between Rue Neuve-des- 
Petits-Champs and Rue Villedo, in a magnificent 
mansion belonging to the tailor Wolfgang Graff. 
Brunner had been introduced by Sylvain Pons to 
the Camusot de Marvilles; he would have married 
their daughter had she not been an only child. 
The failure of this match led to a rupture of Pons's 

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intimacy with the Camusot de Marvilles, and, as a 
consequence, to the musician's death. — Cousin Pons. 

Bruno, Corentin's valet at Passy/ Rue des 
Vignes, in iS'io.Splendors and Miseries of Courte- 
sans. — He was also in the service of Corentin, then 
living under the name of Monsieur du Portail, in 
Rue Honorfe-Chevalier, Paris, about 1840. — The 
Petty Bourgeois. — This name is sometimes spelled 

Brutus kept the H6tel des Trois-Maures at Alen- 
con, in Grande-Rue, where Alphonse de Montauran 
first met Mademoiselle de Verneuil, in 1799. — The 

Bryond. — ^See Tours-Miniferes — Bernard-Polydor 
Bryond, Baron des. 

Bulot, probably a travelling salesman; Gaudis- 
sart spoke of him as a great fool. — The Illustrious 

Buneaud (Madame), kept a bourgeois boarding- 
house, in competition with Madame Vauquer's, on 
Montagne Sainte-Geneviive, Paris, in iSig.— Old 

Butifer, a skilful hunter, poacher, and smuggler, 
one of the natives of the village in the outskirts 
of Grenoble, where Doctor Benassis settled after 

* Pttqr to BOW a m^ of Ibo tixtototh AiroiidltMaMBt of Piwto. 

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the Restoration. — On the doctor's first arrival in the 
country, Butifer fired at him from a thicket; but 
subsequently he became entirely devoted to him. 
He was entrusted by Genestas with the physical 
education of that officer's adopted son. It is possi- 
ble that Butifer enlisted in Genestas's regiment after 
the death of Doctor Benassis. — The Country Doctor. 

Butscha (Jean), head-clerk to Mattre Latour- 
nelle, notary at Havre, in 1829; he was born about 
i8o4» the natural son of a Swedish sailor and a 
Mademoiselle Jacmin of Honfleur; hump-backed; 
a perfect type of intelligence and loyalty. — Being 
entirely devoted to Modeste Mignon, for whom he 
cherished a hopeless passion, he contributed by his 
clever manoeuvres to bring about her marriage to 
Ernest de la Bri^re; he thought that that marriage 
would ensure her happiness. — Modeste Mignon. 

Cabirolle, driver for Minoret-Levrault, proprie- 
tor of the posting-station at Nemours. — He seems to 
have been a widower, and had one son. About 
1837, being then sixty years old or more, he married 
Antoinette Patris, alias La Bougival, who was more 
than fifty, but possessed an income of twelve hun- 
dred francs. — Ursule Mirouet. 

Cabirolle, son of the preceding. — In 1830, he 
was coachman for Doctor Minoret at Nemours; 

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he was afterward coachman for Savinien de Por- 
tendu^re, after the viscount married Ursule Mirouet. 
— Ursule Mirouet. 

CabiroUe (Madame), wife of the elder Cabirolle; 
born Antoinette Patris, in 1786, of a poor family of 
La Bresse. — Being the widow of a workingman 
named Pierre Bougival, she was ordinarily called 
by that name. She had been Ursule Mirouet's 
nurse, then Doctor Minoret's maid-servant, and 
married Cabirolle about 1837. — iksule Mirouet. 

Cabirolle (Madame), mother of Florentine the 
ballet-dancer. — Formerly a concierge on Rue Pas- 
tourelle, she was living with her daughter, in 1820, 
on Rue de Crussol, in modest comfort, the whole 
expense of the establishment, since 1817, having 
been borne by Cardot, the former dealer in silks. 
According to Giroudeau, she was an intelligent 
woman. — A Start in life. — La RabouiUeuse. 

Cabirolle (Agathe-Florentine), called Florentine, 
born in 1804. — ^^ 1817, as she was leaving Coulon's 
dancing-class, she fell in with (^rdot, the ex-dealer 
in silks, and was installed by him, with her mother, 
in a relatively modest apartment on Rue de Crussol. 
After acting as a figurante at the Galt& theatre, she 
danced alone there for the first time, in 1820, in a 
spectacular melodrama entitled the Ruins of Baby- 
lon.^ She afterward succeeded Mariette as premiere 
danseuse at the Porte-Saint-Martin; later, in 1823, 

*Pl«y by Reni-ClMflM Gallbert d« Plxirecoart ; p«rforaM4 for th« first 
ttoM, at Purls, In sSio. 

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she made her d^but at the Op&ra xn^pasde trois with 
Mariette and Tullia. At the time that she was under 
Cardot's protection, she had Captain Giroudeau for 
a lover, and also had relations with Philippe Bridau, 
to whom on occasion she lent money. In 182;, 
Florentine had been occupying Coralie's former 
apartment for some three years, and it was there 
that Oscar Husson lost at play the money entrusted 
to him by his employer, the solicitor Desroches, and 
was surprised by his uncle Cardot. — A Start in life. 
— Lost Illusions. — La RabouiUeuse. 

Cabot (Armand-Hippolyte), a native of Toulouse, 
who started a hair-dressing establishment on Place 
de la Bourse, Paris, in 1800. — By the advice of a 
customer, the poet Parny, he had taken the name 
of Marius, which was retained by the establishment. 
In 184s, Cabot was livmg at Libourne, with an in* 
come of twenty-four thousand francs, and a fifth 
Marius, named Mougin, conducted the business 
founded by him. — The Involuntary Comedians. 

Cabot (Marie-Anne), called Lajeunesse, formerly 
huntsman to the Marquis Carol d'Esgrignon; impli- 
cated in the affair of the chauffeurs of Mortagne, and 
executed in 1809. — The Other Side of Contempora- 
neous History. 

Cachan, solicitor at Angoulfime under the Resto- 
ration. — He was concerned in the business trans- 
acted by Petit-Claud and saw the same people. In 
1830, Cachan was mayor of Marsac and was on 

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friendly terms with the S^chards. — Lost Illusions. — 
Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Cadenety in 1840, dealt in wines on the ground- 
floor of a furnished lodging-house, on the corner of 
Rue des Postes and Rue des Poules,* Paris, in which 
house C^rizet then lived. — Cadenet, who owned the 
house, had a share in the operations of C^rizet, 
the ** poor man's banker/' — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Cadignan (Prince de), great nobleman of the 
old regime, father of the Due de Maufrigneuse, and 
father-in-law of the Due de Navarreins. — Ruined 
by the Revolution, he received honorable offices 
and pensions on the return of the Bourbons; but he 
was very extravagant and consumed everything: 
he had ruined his wife. He died at a great age, 
some time before the Revolution of July. — The 
Secrets of La Princesse de Cadignan. — ^Late in 1829, 
being then Grand Huntsman to King Charles X., 
the Prince de Cadignan was present at a great hunt 
near Havre, the hunting-party including, among a 
most aristocratic company, the Due d'Herouville, 
who organized the ffite, Canalis, and Ernest de la 
Bri&re, all three t)eing suitors for the hand of Modeste 
Mignon, who was also present. — Modeste Mignon. 

Cadignan (Prince and Princesse de), son and 
daughter-in-law of the preceding. — See Due and 
Duchesse de Maufrigneuse. 

* Ra« 6m PottM to bow Rv« Lhonood. and Rv« dtt Poutos Ru« UromI- 


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Cadine (Jenny), actress at the Gyronase under 
Charles X. and Louis-Philippe; the most frolicsome 
of women. Dejazet's only rival. — Born in 18149 
discovered, brought up and ** protected *' from the 
age of thirteen by Baron Hulot; intimate friend of 
Josepha Mirah. — Cousin Bette. — ^Between 1835 ^^^ 
1840, being Couture's mistress, she occupied a 
lovely ground-floor suite, with a garden, on Rue 
Blanche, in which she was succeeded by Fabien du 
Ronceret and Madame Schontz. — Bdatrix. — In 1845, 
as MassoPs mistress, she lived on Rue Victoire;* at 
that time, she apparently ruined, in a very few 
days, Palafox Gazonal, who was introduced to her 
by Bixiou and L^on de Lora. — The Invatuntary 
Comedians. — About the same time, she was the 
victim of a theft of jewels, which Saint-Est^ve, — 
Vautrin, — ^then chief of the secret police, caused to 
be returned to her after the arrest of the thieves. — 
The Deputy from Arcis. 

Cadot (Mademoiselle), old housekeeper of the 
magistrate Blondet at Alencon under the Restora- 
tion. — ^She petted her master, and, like him, preferred 
the elder of his sons. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Calvi (Thfeodore), alias Madeleine, born in 1803. 
— A Corsican, sentenced to imprisonment for life at 
the age of eighteen, for eleven murders; chain-mate 
of Vautrin from 1819 to 1820; escaped with him 
from the galleys. In May, 1830, he was arrested 

• Which iodad at Ru« d« U Chmist^e-d'AntUi. 

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for the murder of the widow Pigeau— of Nanterre — 
and this time he was sentenced to death; the in- 
trigues of Vautrin, who had an unnatural passion 
for him, saved his life: his sentence was commuted. 
— The Last Incarnation off^autrin. — In 1839, Calvi 
was secretary to Vautrin, then masquerading as a 
Swedish nobleman under the name of Halpertius. — 
The Comte de SaUenauve. 

Cambon, dealer in wood, deputy mayor under 
Benassis of a commune near Grenoble, in 1820, 
and one of the physician's devoted coadjutors in 
the work of amelioration undertaken by him. — The 
Country Doctor. 

Cambremer (Pierre), fisherman of Croisic, — 
Loire-Inf 6rieure, — ^who, to save the threatened honor 
of his name, threw his only son into the sea, and, 
having lost his wife, lived entirely alone, under 
Louis-Philippe, on a lofty promontory, in expiation 
of his criminal deed of paternal justice. — A Seashore 
Drama. — Beatrix. 

Cambremer (Joseph), younger brother of Pierre 
and father of Pierrette, called P6rotte.— y4 Seashore 

Cambremer (Jacques), only son of Pierre 
Cambremer and Jacquette Brouin. — Spoiled by his 
parents, especially by his mother, he became a 
criminal of the worst sort. He escaped the penalty 

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of his crimes because his father threw him Into the 
sea after strangling htm. — A Seashore Drama. 

Cambremer (Madame)i born Jacquette Brouin, 
wife of Pierre Cambremer and mother of Jacques. 
She was of Gu^rande; she had received some educa- 
tion, and wrote a derlcly hand; she taught her son 
to read, and thereby brought about his ruin. She 
was commonly called La Belle Brouin. She died a 
few days after Jacques. — A Seashore Drama. 

Cambremer (Pierrette), called P6rotte, daughter 
of Joseph Cambremer and Pierre's niece and god- 
daughter. Every morning, the sweet and pretty 
creature carried her uncle the bread and water upon 
which he lived exclusively. — A Seashore Drama. 

Cam^ristua, famous physician at Paris under 
Louis-Philippe; the Ballanche of medicine, one of 
the defenders of the abstract doctrines of Van Hel- 
mont; leader of the vUalistes in opposition to Brisset, 
leader of the orgatdstes. He and Brisset were both 
called in consultation to see Raphael de Valentin^ 
who was seriously ill. — The hdagk Shin. 

Camps (Octave de), lover, afterward husband, 
of Madame Firmiani. — ^She persuaded him to restore 
a veritable fortune to the Bourgneuf family, ruined 
in a lawsuit by Octave's father, and thus reduced 
him to the necessity of living on the proceeds of 
lessons in mathematics. He was only twenty-two 
when he first knew Madame Firmiani; he married 

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her first at Gretna-Green. The marriage in Paris 
took place in 1824 or 182$. Before his marriage, he 
lived on Rue de TObservance; * he was descended 
from the famous Abb6 de Camps, so well known to 
bibliophiles and scholars. — Madame Flrmiani. — 
Later, Octave de Camps reappears as an owner 
of iron-mills, under Louis-Philippe. At that period, 
he was rarely in Paris. — The Deputy from Ards. — 
The Comte de SaBenauve. — The Beaumage FamUy. 

Camps (Madame Octave de), l)orn Cadignan; 
niece of the old Prince de Cadignan and cousin of 
the Due de Maufrigneuse. In 181 3, at the age 
of sixteen, she married Monsieur Firmiani, receiver- 
general in the Department of Montenotte, who died 
in Greece about i822f and she became Madame de 
Camps in 1824 or 1825; she lived, at that time, on 
Rue du Bac, and was received by the Princesse de 
Blamont-Chauvry, the oracle of Faubourg Saint- 
Germain. An accomplished and excellent woman, 
she was beloved even by her rivals, the Duchesse 
de Maufrigneuse, her cousin, Madame de Macumer, — 
Louise de Chaulieu,— and the Marquise d'Espard. 
— Madame Firmiani. — She sought out and took 
under her protection Madame Xavier Rabourdin. — 
The Civil Serviu.—LzXt in the year 1824, she gave 
a ball at which Charles de Vandenesse made the 
acquaintance of Madame d'Aiglemont, whose lover 
he became. — A Woman of Thirty. — In 1834, Madame 
de Camps tried to turn aside the slanderous gossip 

• Nov Rm AMolM-Dvbolt. 

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in circulation concerning Madame Felix de Vande- 
nesse, who was compromising herself with the poet 
Nathan, and she gave that young woman some 
excellent advice. — A Daughter of Eoe. — ^She also 
gave some extremely good advice to Madame de 
PEstorade, who was afraid of losing her heart to 
Sallenauve. — The Deputy from Arcis. — ^She divided 
her time between Paris and Monsieur de Camps's 
ironworks; but she gave too much preference to the 
latter, — ^at least so said Madame de TEstorade, one 
of her intimate friends. — The Deputy from Arcis. — 
The Comte de Sallenauve. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Camuset, one of Bourignard's assumed names; 
it was the one by which he was known at Madame 
Etienne Gruget's, Rue des Enfants-Rouges. — History 
of the Thirteen: Ferragus. 

Camusot, dealer in silks on Rue des Bourdon- 
nais, Paris, under the Restoration; born in 1765, 
son-in-law and successor of Cardot, whose oldest 
daughter he had married after the death of his first 
wife, a Demoiselle Pons, sole heir of the famous 
Ponses, embroiderers to the court under the Empire. 
— He retired from business about 1834, and became 
a member of the Council of Manufactures, deputy, 
peer of France, and baron. He had four children. 
In 1821-1822, he kept Coralie, who fell so violently 
in love with Lucien de Rubemprfe. Although she 
abandoned him for Lucien, he promised the poet, after 
her death, that he would buy a lot at Pfere-Lachaise, 

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and erect a stone with this simple inscription: 
Caralie, died at the age of nineteen, August 22, 1829. 
— Lost Illusions. — La RabouUleuse. — Cousin Pons. — 
Later, he assumed responsibility for Fanny Beaupre, 
with whom he lived a long time. — The Muse of the 
Department. — He was present with his wife at 
Cesar Birotteau's famous ball, in December, 1818, 
and was appointed commissioner in the matter of 
the perfumer's insolvency, in place of Gobenheim- 
Keller, who was first appointed. — Cdsar Birotteau. — 
He had had business relations with the Guillaumes, 
drapers, on Rue Saint-Denis. — The House of the Cat 
and Rochet. 

Camusot de Marville, son of Camusot the silk 
merchant, by his first wife; born about 1794. — 
Under Louis-Philippe he assumed the name of a 
Norman estate — Marville — to distinguish himself 
from a brother by the second wife; in 1824, being 
examining magistrate at Alencon, he contributed to 
the rendering of a judgment of acquittal in favor 
of Victurnien d'Esgrignon, accused of forgery. — 
Cousin Pons. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. — In 1828, 
being a magistrate at Paris, he was designated to 
replace Popinot in the tribunal that was to pass 
upon Madame d'Espard's petition for the appoint- 
ment of a guardian for her husband. — The Interdic- 
tion. — In May, 1830, as examining magistrate, he 
had made a report ordering the discharge of Lucien 
de Rubempr^, accused of murdering Esther Gob- 
seek; but the poet's suicide made the judgment 

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nugatory^ and temporarily overthrew the magis- 
trate's ambitious projects. — Splendors and Miseries 
of Courtesans. — The Last Incarnation of f^autrin. — 
Camusot de Marville had been president of the 
court of Mantes; in 1844^ he was president of 
the royal court at Paris and commander in the 
Legion of Honor. At that period^ he lived in a 
house on Rue de Hanovre, purchased by him in 
18349 where he entertained his cousin Pons, the 
musician. President de Marville was elected a 
Deputy in 1846. — Cousin Ibns. 

Camusot de Marville (Madame) , born Thirion 
— Marie - C^ile - Am^lie — in 1798; daughter of an 
usher of the cabinet of Louis XVIII., and wife of the 
magistrate. — In 1814, she frequented the studio of 
Servin the painter, who gave a course for young 
women; this studio was divided into two factions: 
Mademoiselle Thirion led the party of the nobility, 
although of plebeian origin, and persecuted Ginevra 
di Piombo of the Bonapartist faction. — 77^ kindetta, 
— In 1818, she was invited, with her mother and 
father, to C^sar Birotteau's famous ball; at that 
time the subject of a match between her and Cam- 
usot de Marville had been broached. — Cisar Birot- 
teau. — The marriage took place in 1819, and the 
imperious young woman immediately took posses- 
sion of the magistrate's will, making him act abso- 
lutely as she bade him and in the interest of her 
unbounded ambition; it was she who brought about 
young d'Esgrignon*s discharge in 1824, and Lucien 

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de Rubemprfi's suicide in 1830; through her efforts^ 
the Marquis d'Espard narrowly missed being placed 
under guardianship. Madame de Marville had less 
influence over her father-in-law» old Camusot» whom 
she tx)red exceedingly and annoyed beyond measure. 
She also caused, by her unkind conduct, the death 
of Sylvain Pons, the " poor relation/' whose valu- 
able artistic treasures she and her husband inherited. 
—Tki Cabinet of Antiquities.— Sfdendors and Miseries 
of Courtesans. — The Last Incarnation of Vautrin. 

Camusot (Charles), son of the preceding, died 
\^xy young, before his parents possessed either 
their estate or their title of Marville, when they 
were indeed in something very like straitened cir- 
cumstances.— G^Msm Pons. 

Camusot de Marville (C^ile). — ^See Vicom- 
tesse Popinot. 

Canalis (Constant-Cyr-Melchior, Baron de), poet, 
— leader of the Angelic school,— deputy, minister, 
peer of France, member of the Acad^mie Francaise; 
commander in the Legion of Honor, born at Canalis 
— Corr&ze — in i8oo. — About 1821, he became the 
lover of Madame de Chaulieu, who boosted him 
into the highest offices and never failed to show 
him off to advantage, but was always s^xy exact- 
ing. A little later, Canalis was at the Op^ra one 
evening, in Madame d'Espard's box, and was pre- 
sented by her to Lucien de Rubempr^. After 1824, 
he was the fashionable poet. — Memoirs of Two Young 

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Wives. — Lost Illusions . — In 1829, he lived on Rue 
Paradis-Poissoni^re/ No. 29, and was Master of 
Requests in the Council of State; it was at this 
period that he became acquainted with Modeste 
Mignon and hoped to marry that wealthy heiress. — 
Modeste Mignon. — ^Shortly after 1830, having been 
theretofore anointed a great man, he was present 
at an evening party at Mademoiselle des Touches's, 
when Henri de Marsay described his first love- 
affair; Canalis took part in the conversation, and 
delivered, in an energetic tone, a speech upon Napo- 
leon. — The Magic Skin.— Another Study of Woman. 
— In 1838, he married the daughter of Moreau, — 
Oise, — ^who brought him a very fat dowry. — A Start 
in Life. — In October, 1840, he was at a performance 
at the Varietes with Madame de Rochefide, when 
Calyste du Guenic met that dangerous woman again 
after three years. — Btatfix.—Xn 1845, Canalis was 
pointed out to Palafox Gazonal, in the Chamber of 
Deputies, by Leon de Lora. — The Involuntary Come- 
dians. — In the same year, he agreed to act as Salle- 
nauve's second in a duel with Maxime de Trailles. 
Canalis was always favorable to Sallenauve, by the 
way, and, in 1839, he assisted, by speech and vote, 
in confirming the validity of the election of the 
Deputy from Arcis. — The Deputy from Arcis. — The 
Comte de Sallenauve. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Canalis (Baronne Melchior de), wife of the pre. 
ceding, and daughter of Monsieur and Madame 


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Moreau, — Oise. — Toward the middle of the reign 
of Louis-Philippe, and soon after her marriage, she 
travelled through Seine-et-Oise. She went first to 
Beaumont and Presles. She occupied the coupe of 
the Pierrotin diligence with her husband and her 
daughter. — A Start in Life. 

Cane (Marco-Facino), called P&re Canet, an old 
blind man, inmate of the Hospice des Quinze- 
Vingts, was engaged in the profession of musician, 
at Paris, under the Restoration. He played the 
clarinet at a workingmen's ball. Rue de Charenton, 
on the occasion of Madame Vaillant's sister's wed- 
ding. — He claimed to be a Venetian, Prince of Varese, 
a descendant of the famous condottiere Facino Cane, 
whose conquests fell into the hands of the Duke of 
Milan, and he told some strange stories of his patri- 
cian youth. He died in 1820, having passed his 
eightieth year. He was the last of the Canes of 
the elder branch, and transmitted the title of Prince 
of Varese to his kinsman Emilio Memmi. — Facino 
Cane. — MasstmiOa Doni. 

Canet (P^re), sobriquet of the preceding. 

Canquoelle (P^re), assumed name of the police 
agent Peyrade, under the Restoration. — Splendors 
and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Cante-Croix (Marquis de), sub-lieutenant in one 
of the regiments which passed through Angoulfime 

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on the way to Spaiiit between November^ i8o7i 
and Marcht i8o8* At Wagram^ July 6, i8o9» ^ 
colonel at twenty-six, he was killed by a shot 
which shattered upon his heart a portrait of Ma- 
dame de Bargeton, who was in love with him. — 
Lost Illusions. 

Cantinet, some time dealer in glassware^ beadle 
at the Church of Saint-Francois in the Marais in 
1845, living on Rue d'Orleans;* lazy and a drunk- 
ard. — Cousin Pons. 

Cantinet (Madame), wife of the preceding, let 
chairs at the Church of Saint-Francois. — She was 
installed as nurse to Sylvain Pons in extremis by 
Fraisier and Poulain, who found no difficulty in 
winning her over to their interest and in guiding 
her conduct.— <r(W5m Pons. 

Cantinet fils. — He might have had the place of 
doorkeeper at the Church of Saint-Francois, where 
his father and mother were employed; but he pre- 
ferred a theatrical career; he was a figurant at the 
Cirque-Olympiquet in 1845. He drove his mother 
to despair by his disorderly life, and by forced loans 
from the maternal purse. — Cousin Pons. 

Capraja, a noble Venetian, dilettante emeritus^ 
living only by and for music; nicknamed // Fanatico; 

* Piift of tht prtMRt Rat ChAilot. rauiliiff froa Rat 4m Qualifii-Flls l» 
Ra* d« Poltou. 

fThM looit»4 on Boaltw« Ai Ttaptt; now ThUtn *i OiAttM m tfM 
•quart of that bum. 

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intimate with the Duke and Duchess Cataneo and 
their friends. — MassimiUa Dord. 

Carabine, sobriquet of S6raphine Sinet. — See 
that name. 

Carbonneau, physician whom the Comte de 
Mortsauf, in 1820, contemplated consulting in the 
case of his wife, instead of Doctor Origet, of whom 
he thought that he had reason to complain. — Th$ 
Ufy of the yattey. 

Carcado (Madame de), founder of a benevolent 
association in Paris, of which Madame de la Bau- 
draye was appointed solicitor of funds in March, 
1843, through the influence of certain priests who 
were friends of Madame Pi^efer. — ^This appoint- 
ment had the important result of causing the return 
to society of the " muse '' who had gone astray, and 
who was more than compromised by her relations 
with Lousteau. — The Muse of the Department. 

Cardanet (Madame de), Madame de Senonches't 
grandmother. — Lost Illusions. 

Cardinal (Madame), fish-peddler in Paris, daugh- 
ter of one Toupillier, a street-porter; widow of a fa- 
mous marketman; niece of Toupillier, the pauper of 
Saint-Sulpice, whose hidden treasure she tried to lay 
hands upon in 1840, with the assistance of Cerizet. — 
This woman had three sisters, four brothers, and 

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three uncles who could have claimed a share of the 
beggar's inheritance. The manoeuvres of Madame 
Cardinal and C6rizet were defeated by Monsieur du 
Portail, — Corentin. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Cardinal (Olympe). — See Madame C6rizet. 

Cardot (Jean-Jer0me-S6verin), born in 1755. — 
Chief clerk in a long-established silk house, the 
Cocon d^Oft on Rue Bourdonnais; he purchased 
the establishment in 1793, at the time of the maoU' 
mum, and in ten years made a large fortune, thanks 
to the dowry of a hundred thousand francs brought 
him by his wife, a Mademoiselle Husson, by whom 
he had four children: two daughters, the elder of 
whom was married to Camusot, her father's succes- 
sor, and the second, Marianne, to Protez of the 
firm of Protez and Chiffreville; and two sons, of 
whom the elder became a notary, and the younger, 
Joseph, a partner in the drug firm of Matifat. 
Cardot was the protector of the dancer Florentine, 
whom he had discovered and started in life. He 
lived, in 1822, at Belleville,* in one of the first 
houses above La Courtille; he had then been a 
widower six years. He was Oscar Husson's unde, 
and had practically made himself responsible for 
that wild youth's support and for his future, but he 
changed his mind when he found the young man, 
one morning, asleep on Florentine's couch, after a 
debauch in which he had squandered the money 

•At ttwt nm% lot • p«rt of Paris. 

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entrusted to him by his employer, Desroches the 
solicitor. — A Start in Life. — Lost Illusions. — La Ra- 
bouiUeuse. — Cardot had business relations with the 
Guillaumes, drapers, on Rue Saint-Denis. — The 
House of the Cat and Rochet. — He was invited, with 
all his children, to the famous ball given by C^sar 
Birotteau, December 17, 1818. — dsar Birotteau. 

Cardot, eldest son of the preceding; notary at 
Paris, successor to Sorbier; born in 1794; married 
a Chiffreville, of a family famous in the chemical 
trade. — He had by his wife three children: the eld- 
est, a son, who was fourth clerk in his father's office 
in 1836, and would naturally have succeeded him, 
but dreamed of literary renown; Felicie, who mar- 
ried Berthier; and another daughter, born in 1824. 
During the reign of Louis-Philippe, Cardot kept 
Malaga. — The Muse of the Department. — A Man of 
Business. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. — In 1839, he 
was employed to settle the estate of Marie Gaston. — 
TTie Comte de SaBenauve. — He was Pierre Grassou's 
notary, and the artist carried his savings to him 
every three months. — Pierre Grassou. — He was also 
the Thuilliers' notary, and, in 1840, introduced Gode- 
schal, a suitor for the hand of Celeste CoUeville, in 
their salon on Rue Saint-Dominique d'Enfer.* — After 
living for some time on Place du Chdtelet,t Cardot 
became one of the tenants of the house purchased 
by the Thuilliers near the Madeleine. — Tfte Petty 

*No«rRat Rosrer-Collard. 

t Very matorUlty chAnged In tirenty-ilvt ymn. 

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Bourgeois. — In 18449 he was mayor of an arron- 
dissement and a Deputy from Paris. — Cousin Pons. 

Cardot (Madame), born Chiffreville, wife of 
Cardot the notary; a pious, wooden creature, a 
•'genuine brush of penitence/' — About 1840, she 
and her husband lived on Place du Chfttelet, Paris. 
About the same time, the notary's wife toolc her 
daughter F^licie to Etienne Lousteau's apartments 
on Rue des Martyrs, for she then dreamed of the 
journalist as a son-in-law; finally, however, she re- 
jected him because of his immoral life. — Tke Muse 
of the Department. 

Cardot (F^licie or P£licit£).— See Madame Ber- 

Carigliano (Marshal Due de), one of the illus- 
trious soldiers of the Empire, husband of a Mademoi- 
selle Malin de Gondreville, whom he adored, who 
was false to him, whom he obeyed and of whom he 
stood in deadly fear. — The House of the Cat and 
Rochet. — In 1819, the Marshal de Carigliano gave 
a ball at which Eug&ne de Rastignac was presented 
by his cousin, the Vicomtesse de Beaus6ant, and 
where he made his first appearance in aristocratic 
society.— OW Goriot. — He owned a fine house near 
the Elys6e-Bourbon, which he sold to Monsieur de 
Lanty . — Sarrasim. 

Carigliano (Duchesse de), wife of the preced- 
ing, daughter of Senator Malin de Gondreville. — 
At the fall of the Empire, being then thirty-six 

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years of age, she was the mistress of young Colonel 
d'Aiglemonty and almost simultaneously of Sommer- 
vieux the painter, recently married to Augustine 
Guillaume* She received a visit from Madame de 
Sommervieux and gave her some very ingenious 
advice as to the means of winning her husband 
back and binding him to herself forever by means 
of coquetry. — The House of the Cat and Rochet. — 
In 1821-1822, she had a box near Madame d'Es- 
pard's at the Op^ra; Sixte du Chfttelet went thither 
to pay his respects to her on the very evening that 
Lucien de Rubempr6, newly arrived in Paris, cut 
such a pitiful figure there beside Madame de Barge- 
ton. — Lost Illusions. — It was the Duchesse de Cari- 
gliano who, after mighty efforts, unearthed a noble 
wife, Mademoiselle de Troisville, for General de 
Montcornet. — The Peasants. — Although a duchess of 
Napoleon's creation, Madame de Carigliano was 
none the less devoted to the Bourbons, and partic- 
ularly to the Duchesse de Berri; she affected the 
most exemplary piety, and almost every year went 
into retirement for a brief season at the Ursuline 
convent at Arcis-sur-Aube. In 18^, Sallenauve's 
friends relied upon her support to secure his election 
as Deputy. — The Deputy from Arcis* 

Carmagnola (Giambattista), old gondolier at 
Venice, in 1820; entirely devoted to Emilio Memmi. 
— MassimiUa Doni. 

Camot (Lazare-Nicolas-Marguerite), born at 
Nolay— Cftte d'Or— in 1753, died in 1823. In, 

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June, 1800, being Minister of War, he was present, 
with Talleyrand, Fouche, and Sieyte, at a council 
held on Rue du Bac, at the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, where the overthrow of the First Consul, 
Bonaparte, was discussed. — A Dark Affair. 

Caroline (Mademoiselle), name under which the 
Duchesse de Langeais, in 1818-1819, set out for 
Spain as Lady Julia Hopwood's maid, after her ad- 
venture with General de Montriveau. — History of 
the Thirteen: La Duchesse de Langeais. 

Caroline (Mademoiselle), governess of the four 
children of Monsieur and Madame de Vandenesse, 
of whom the three known to us are Charles, F^lix, 
and Madame de Listom^re. She was " terrible." — 
TheUlyof the Galley. 

Caroline, lady's-maid to the Marquise de Listo- 
m&re, in 1827 or 1828, on Rue Saint-Dominique- 
Saint-Germain,* when the marchioness received a 
letter from Eugene de Rastignac intended for Del- 
phine de Nucingen. — A Study of IVoman. 

Caroline, servant of the Thuilliers in 1840. — 
The Petty Bourgeois. 

Caron, advocate, employed by Mademoiselle Ga- 
mard, at Tours, in 1826. — He acted for her against 
Abbe Francois Birotteau. — The Curi of Tours. 

* since 1838, Rut Salnt-Domlnlqu*. 

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Carpentier, formerly a captain in the imperial 
army, living on half-pay at Issoudun under the 
Restoration. — He had a place in the mayor's office; 
he was connected, through his wife, with one of 
the most considerable families of the town, the 
Borniche-Heraus. — Being a close friend of the cap- 
tain of artillery, Mignonnet, whose aversion for 
Maxence Gilet he shared, he acted with Mignonnet 
as second for Philippe Bridau in his duel with the 
leader of the ** Knights of Idleness." — La Rabouit- 

Carpi (Benedetto), keeper of a prison in Venice 
in which Facino Cane was confined between 1760 
and 1770. — He was bribed by his prisoner and fled 
with him, carrying away a part of the hidden 
treasure of the Republic; but fie was lost at sea 
soon after. — Facino Cane. 

Carthagenova, a superb basso at the Fenice 
theatre, Venice. — In 1820, he sang Rossini's Moses, 
with Genovese and La Tinti, before the Duke and 
Duchess Cataneo, Capraja, Emilio Memmi^ and Marco 
Vendramini. — Massimilla Doni. 

Cartier, gardener in the Montparnasse quarter of 
Paris, time of Louis-Philippe. — In 1838, he sup- 
plied Monsieur Bernard — Baron de Bourlac — with 
flowers for his daughter Vanda. — The Other Side of 
Contemporaneous History. 

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Cartier (Madame), wife of the preceding, sup- 
plied milk, eggs, and vegetables to Madame Vau- 
thier, concierge of a wretched lodging-house on 
Boulevard Montparnasse, and to Monsieur Bernard, 
one of the tenants. — The Other Side of Contem- 
poraneous History. 

Casa-R^al (Due de), younger brother of Ma- 
dame Balthasar Claes.— Connected with the Evan- 
gelistas of Bordeaux; one of a family renowned in 
the chronicles of the Spanish monarchy; his sister 
had relinquished her claim to their father's and 
mother's inheritance, in order to secure for him a 
wife worthy of their noble family. He died young, 
in 1805, leaving Madame Claes a considerable sum 
in money. — The Quest of the Absolute. — The Mar- 
riage Contract. 

Caatagnould, second in command of the Mignon, 
a pretty brig of a hundred tons, owned and com- 
manded by Charles Mignon, in which he made long 
voyages and did much trading, from 1826 to 1829. — 
Castagnould was a Provencal, and was formerly a 
servant in the Mignon family. — Modeste Mignon. 

Caatanier (Rodolphe), major of dragoons under 
the Empire. — Cashier for Baron de Nucingen, 
under the Restoration, and decorated with the 
Legion of Honor, he kept Madame de la Garde, — 
Aquilina, — and, for her sake, forged the banker's 
signature to a bill of exchange for a large amount. 

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in 1821. The Englishman John Melmoth extricated 
him from this scrape by exchanging personalities 
with the ex-ofiicer. In this way, Castanier acquired 
omnipotence, but soon sickened of it, and by the 
same process of exchange transmitted it to a finan- 
cier named Claparon. Castanier was from the 
South; he had served in the army from the age 
of sixteen until he was nearly forty. — Melmotk 

Castanier (Madame), wife of the preceding, 
married during the First Empire. — Her family, a 
bourgeois family of Nancy, deceived Castanier as 
to the amount of her dowry and as to her •* ex- 
pectations;'' Madame Castanier was virtuous, ugly, 
and of a sour temper; she and her husband had 
separated amicably several years before 1821, at 
which time she was living in the neighborhood of 
Strasbourg. — Melmoth Converted. 

Casteran (De), a very old noWe family of Nor- 
mandie, allied to William the Conqueror; related to 
the Verneuils, the Esgrignons, and the Troisvilles. 
— The name is pronounced Cateran; it is sometimes 
written with and sometimes without an acute ac- 
cent on the e. — A Mademoiselle Blanche de Casteran 
was tfie mother of Mademoiselle de Verneuil, and. 
died abbess of Notre-Dame de Seez. — The Chouans. 
— In 1807, Madame de la Chanterie, then a widow, 
was welcomed in Normandie by the Casterans. — The 
Other Side of Contemporaneous History. — A Marquis 

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and Marquise de Casteran, then advanced in years, 
frequented the Marquis d'Esgrignon's salon at Aien- 
con, in 1822. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. — The 
Marquise de Rochefide, born Beatrix-Maximilienne- 
Rose de Casteran, was the youngest daughter of a 
Marquis de Casteran, who desired to marry both his 
daughters without marriage-portions, in order to re- 
tain his whole fortune for his son the Comte de Cas- 
teran. — Beatrix. — A Comte de Casteran, son-in-law 
of the Marquis de Troisville, a kinsman of Madame 
de Montcornet, was prefect of a department of Bour- 
gogne, between 1820 and 1825. — The Peasants. 

Cataneo (Duke), a noble Sicilian, born in 1775; 
Massimilla Doni's first husband. — A physical wreck 
before his marriage, by over-indulgence in pleasures 
of all sorts, he made no use whatever of his pre- 
rogatives as a husband, and lived only by and for 
music. He was very wealthy, and had paid for the 
education of Clara Tinti, whom he discovered when 
she was a mere child and servant at an inn; through 
his exertions she had become the celebrated prima 
donna of the Fenice theatre, Venice, in 1820. The 
wonderful tenor, Genovese, of the same theatre, 
also belonged to Duke Cataneo, who paid him very 
handsomely for refusing to sing with any other than 
La Tinti. The duke, whose figure and bearing 
were ridiculous, ''seemed to have taken it upon 
himself to justify Serolemo in the matter of the 
Neapolitan he always introduces on the stage of 
his marionette theeLtre."— Massimilla Doni. 

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Cataneo (Duchess)^ wife of the preceding; born 
Massimilla Doni; married a second time to Emilio 
Memmi, Prince of Varese, — See Princess of Varese. 

Catherine, an old woman in the service of Mon* 
sieur and Madame Saillard. in 1824. — The Civil 

Catherine, lady's-maid to Laurence de Cinq- 
Cygne and her foster-sister; in 1803, a pretty girl 
of nineteen. — Catherine was, like Gothard, in her 
mistress's secrets, and assisted her in all her enter- 
prises. — A Dark Affair. 

Cavalier, partner of Pendant; publishers-book- 
sellers-middlemen on RueSerpente, Paris, in 1821. — 
Cavalier travelled for the house, the firm name being 
Pendant and Cavalier. The firm failed shortly after 
publishing, with small success, Lucien de Rubem- 
prfe's famous novel, U Archer de Charles IX., the title 
of which they had changed to some outlandish one. — 
Lost Illusions. — In 1838, a Cavalier published Baron 
de Bourlac's Spirit of Modern Laws, and shared the 
profits with the author. — The Other Side of Contem- 
poraneous History. 

Cayron, a Languedocian, dealer in umbrellas, 
parasols, and canes in a small way, on Rue Saint- 
Honore, in a house adjoining Cesar Birotteau's, in 
1818. — ^With the consent of his landlord, — Molineux, 
— Cayron turned over two rooms above his shop 

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to his neighbor; he was unsuccessful in business, 
and disappeared suddenly shortly after Birotteau's 
famous ball. Cayron had a great admiration for 
the perfumer, whom he accompanied to Molineux's 
house on Cour Batave* — Saint-Denis quarter. — 
Cdsar Birotteau. 

C^lestin, Luden de Rubempr^'s valet on Quai 
Malaquais, Paris, in the last years of the reign of 
Charles X. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Cdrizet, orphan from the Foundling Hospital, 
Paris; born in 1802. — Apprenticed to the Didots, 
the famous printers, he was noticed by David 
S6chard, who took him to Angouldme and em- 
ployed him in his printing establishment, where 
C^rizet performed the threefold duties of maker-up, 
compositor, and proof-reader. He soon betrayed 
his master, and, in collusion with the brothers 
Cointet, Sechard's rivals, succeeded in becoming 
the purchaser of his establishment. — Lost Illusions. 
— Later he was a provincial actor, manager of lib- 
eral newspapers under the Restoration, sub-prefect 
early in the reign of Louis-Philippe, and finally a 
man of business. In this last capacity he was sen- 
tenced to two years' imprisonment for rascality. 
After being in partnership with Georges d'Estourny, 
and subsequently with Claparon, he became wretch- 
edly poor, and acted as messenger to the clerk of 
the justice of the peace in the Saint-Jacques quarter; 

^Noirlbit Bwfir. 

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at the same time» he undertook the business of lend- 
ing small sums at usurious rates^ and acquired a 
competence by speculating on the miseries of the 
poor. Although an absolute wreck physically, as 
the result of his vices, he married Olympe Cardinal 
about 1840. At that time, he was involved in the 
intrigues of Th6odose de la Peyrade and the affairs 
of J6rOme Thuillier. He had lived successively on 
Rue du Gros-Chenet,* Rue Chabannais, and Rue 
des Foulest at the corner of Rue des Postes. In 
1833, having obtained possession of a note of hand 
signed by Maxime de Trailles, he succeeded, by 
ruses worthy of Scapin, in obtaining payment in 
full.— W Man of Business. — Splendors and Miseries 
of Courtesans.-r-The Petty Bourgeois. 

C6rizet (Olympe Cardinal, Madame), born about 
1824, daughter of Madame Cardinal, fish-peddler. — 
Actress at Bobino,| — Luxembourg, — ^then at the 
Folies-Dramatiques,S where she made her d^but in 
Lorve's Telegraph. At first mistress of a premier 
comique, she next had Julien Minard for a lover; 
she received twenty thousand francs from the father 
of the latter as the price of releasing his son. This 

* Now Rue du Sentler. 

t Now Rue LaromifulAro. 

X A theatre which, twenty years since* formed one of the comers of Rue 
Medene end Rue de Fleunis, and of which Toumemlne was ouuiager aooie- 
wtiere about 1840. 

i Boulevard du Temple, Mourier saanager. until z86a. The first suuiaeers 
of the theatre, which was opened In xSji,— January,— were the elder Allaui 
and Uopold, but for a very short time. Allaux was the architect He built H 
on the site of the old Amblfu, which was destroyed by fire, and rebuilt ea 
Boulevard Saint-Martin. 

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sum constituted her dowry, and contributed to bring 
about her marriage to C^rizet. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

C^sarine, laundress at Alencon. — Mistress of the 
Chevalier de Valois and mother of a child whose 
paternity was charged to the old nobleman; indeed, 
it was rumored in the town, in 1816, that he had 
secretly married Cesarine. These rumors were the 
more annoying to the chevalier because at that time 
he aspired to Mademoiselle Cormon's hand. Cesar- 
ine, although her lover bequeathed his whole prop- 
erty to her, obtained only six hundred francs a year. 
—The Old Maid. 

C6sarine, dancer at the Opka in 1822; an 

acquaintance of Philippe Bridau, who thought for a 
moment of sending her down to his uncle Rouget, at 
Issoudun. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Chabert (Hyacinthe), count, grand officer of the 
Legion of Honor, colonel of a regiment of cavalry. — 
Left for dead on the battle-field of Eylau, — February 
7-8, 1807, — he was cured at Heilsberg, then con- 
fined in the insane hospital at Stuttgart. Returning 
to France after the fall of the Empire, he lived, in 
1818, in great destitution, on Ruedu Petit-Banquier, 
Paris, with the dairyman Vergniaud, formerly a 
subaltern in his regiment. After seeking, without 
creating scandal, to enforce his rights with relation 
to Rose Chapotel, his wife, who had married Comte 
Ferraud, he relapsed into poverty and was sentenced 

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for vagabondage. He ended his days in the hospital 
at BicStre; he had come originally from the Found- 
ling Hospital. — Colonel Chabert. — The Parisian stage 
seized upon this painful story twice, with an interval 
of twenty years: the Vaudeville, on Rue de Char- 
tres, gave, in 1832, a Colonel Chabert,^ drama in 
two acts, signed: Louis Lurine and Jacques Arago; 
and, later, the Theatre Beaumarchais — Bartholy 
manager — gave another Colonel Chabert, with the 
sub-title: The Woman with Two Husbands; author, 
Paul de Faulquemont. 

Chabert (Madame), born Rose Chapotel. — See 
Comtesse Ferraud. 

Chaboisseau, ex-publisher, discounter of pub- 
lishers' notes, something of a usurer, worth a mill- 
ion, living, in 1821-1822, on Quai Saint-Michel, 
where he negotiated a transaction with Lucien de 
Rubempre, who was introduced to him by Lousteau. 
— Lost Illusions. — He was a friend of Gobseck and 
Gigonnet, and frequented as they did, in 1824, the 
Gaffe Themis, at the corner of Rue Dauphine and 
Quai des Augustins. — The Civil Service, — Under 
Louis-Philippe, he was connected with the Gerizet- 
Glaparon partnership. — A Man of Business, 

Chaffaroux, building contractor, one of G6sar 
Birotteau's creditors, — Cdsar Birotteau, — and uncle 
of Glaudine Ghaffaroux, who became Madame du 
Bruel. — Wealthy, a bachelor, and very fond of his 

*Play«d oa the first occasion by Volnys snd Msd«me Doche. 

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niece: she had assisted him to start in business. 
He died during the second half of the reign of Louis- 
Philippe, leaving the ex-ballet-dancer forty thousand 
francs a year. — A Princess of Bohemia. — In 1840, he 
did work of various kinds in an unfinished house 
near the Madeleine, purchased by the Thuilliers. — 
The Petty Bourgeois. — Chaffaroux was probably a 
native of the neighborhood of Paris, Nanterre, 
where he certainly lived at one time. 

ChamaroUes (Mesdemoiselles) conducted a young 
ladies' boarding-school at Bourges early in the cen- 
tury. Their establishment enjoyed an excellent 
reputation in the department; Anna Grossetfite, 
who afterward married the Comte de Fontaine's 
third son, was educated there, as was Dinah Pi£- 
defer, who subsequently became Madame de la 
Baudraye. — The Muse of the Department. 

Champagnac, charcoal-burner at Limoges; an 
Auvergnat and a widower. — In 1797, J6rOme-Bap- 
tiste Sauviat married Champagnac's daughter, at 
least thirty years old. — The tillage Curi. 

Champignelles (De), illustrious family of Nor- 
mandie. — In 1822, a Marquis de Champignelles, of 
Bayeux, was the chief of the princely house of the 
province: this family was connected by marriage 
with the Navarreins, the Blamont-Chauvrys, and 
the Beauseants. It was this Marquis de Champi- 
gnelles who introduced Gaston de Nueil to Madame 

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de Beaus^ant. — The Deserted Mistress. — A Monsieur 
de Champignelles, perhaps the same one, with Mes- 
sieurs de Verneuil and de Beauseant, presented 
Madame de la Chanterie to Louis XVIII. at the 
beginning of the Restoration. The Baronne de la 
Chanterie was herself a Champignelles, by the 
way. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Champion (Maurice), a young man of Mont^- 
gnac, — Haute-Vienne, — son of the liveryman of that 
village; employed as groom by Madame Graslin, 
during the reign of Louis-Philippe. — The tillage 

Champlain (Pierre), vine-dresser, neighbor of 
Margaritis the lunatic, at Vouvray, in 1831. — The 
Illustrious Gaudissart. 

Champy (Madame de), name given to Esther 
Gobseck by Baron de Nucingen, from a small estate 
he had bought for her. — Splendors and Miseries of 

Chandour (Stanislas de), born in 1781; one of 
the habitues of the Bargeton's salon at AngoulSme, 
and the ''beau'' of that social circle. — He was 
decorated in 1821; he obtained some success with 
women by obscene jests in the style of the eigh- 
teenth century. Having been instrumental in circu- 
lating through the town slanderous stories concerning 
Madame de Bargeton's relations with Lucien de 

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Rubempre, he was challenged by the husband and 
received a bullet in the neck, making a wound 
which caused him always to carry his head on one 
side. — Lost Illusions. 

Chandour (Amelie de), wife of the preceding; 
a fine talker, but afflicted with unacknowledged 
asthma. — She posed in AngoulSme as the antagonist 
of her friend Madame de Bargeton. — Lost Illusions. 

Chanor, partner of Florent, manufacturers and 
dealers in bronze, Rue des Tournelles, Paris, under 
Louis-Philippe. — Wenceslas Steinbock, who was at 
first apprenticed to the firm, afterward worked for 
it. — Cousin Bette. — In 1845, Fr6d6ric Brunner had a 
watch-chain and a cane-handle from Florent and 
Chanor. — Cousin Pons. 

Chantonnit, mayor of Riceys, near Besancon, 
between 1830 and 1840. — He was originally from 
Neufchatel — ^Switzerland — and a republican; he had 
a lawsuit with the Wattevilles; Albert Savarus 
acted as their advocate against Chantonnit. — Albert 

Chapeloud (Abbe), canon of the church of 
Saint-Gatien at Tours. — He was an intimate friend 
of Abbfe Birotteau, and bequeathed to him by his 
will, in 1824, furniture and a library representing a 
large sum, which the simple-minded priest had earn- 
estly desired. — The Curi of Tours. 

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Chaperon (Abbe), cure of Nemours, — Siene-et- 
Marne, — ^from the re-establishment of public wor- 
ship after the Revolution; born in 1755, died in 
1841 in that town. Being a friend of Doctor 
Minoret, he assisted in the education of Ursule 
Mirouet, the doctor's niece. He was known as 
*' the F^nelon of the G^tinais/' His successor was 
the oxxk of Saint-Lange, the priest who had tried 
to give consolation to Madame d'Aiglemont in her 
despair. — Ursule Mirouet. 

Chapotel (Rose), maiden name of Madame Cha- 
bert, afterward C^mtesse Ferraud. — See this last 

Chapoulot (Monsieur and Madame), former lace- 
makers, on Rue Saint-Denis, in 1845; tenants of the 
house where Pons and Schmucke lived, on Rue de 
Normandie. — One evening, as Monsieur and Madame 
Chapoulot, accompanied by their daughter Victorine, 
were returning home from the Ambigu-Comique,* 
they met Hfeloise Brisetout on the stairway, and a 
little conjugal scene ensued. — Cousin Pons. 

Chapuzot (Monsieur and Madame), concierges 
for Marguerite Turquet, alias Malaga, on Rue des 
Fosses-du-Temple,t Paris, in 1836; afterward her 

* This theatre was not located on Boulevard du Temple after the close of 
Charles X.'s reign, but was on Boulevard Salnt-Martln. Antony B^aud. 
manager. The theatre on Boulevard du Crime, so called, was destroyed 
by tire, July 14. i8a7. That on Boulevard Saint-Martin was opened June 
T, i8s9. on the site of H6tel Jambonne, with the hiuu oftbt Bwlevard as the 
opening play. 

t This street ceased to exist In 1863. 

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servants and confidants, when she was kept by 
Thaddee Paz. — The Pretended Mistress. 

Chapu20ty chief of division at the prefecture of 
police, in the time of Louis-Philippe; visited and 
consulted, in 1843, by Victorin Hulot, on the sub- 
ject of Madame de Sainte-Est&ve. — Cousin Bette. 

Chardin (P&re), journeyman mattress-maker, 
old, and a drunkard. In 1843, he acted as inter- 
mediary between Baron Hulot, then in hiding under 
the name of Pftre Thoul, and Cousin Bette, who 
was concealing from the family all knowledge of the 
whereabouts of its unworthy head. — Cousin Bette. 

Chardin, son of the preceding. — Originally store- 
keeper for Johann Fischer, contractor for supplies 
to the Ministry of War in the Department of Oran, 
from 1838 to 1841; afterward claqueur at the theatre 
under Braulard, and then known by the name of 
Idamore. Brother of Elodie Chardin, whom he pro- 
cured for Pftre Thoul in order to supplant Olympe 
Bijou, whose lover he himself was. After Olympe 
Bijou, Chardin had for mistress, in 1843, a jeune 
premiire 2X the Theatre des Funambules.* — Cousin 

Chardin (Elodie), sister of the preceding; men- 
der of laces, and mistress of Baron Hulot, — Pfere 
Thoul, — ^in 1843. — ^She then lived with him at No. 7 

* DtBolisbtd hi June. x86«. 

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Rue des Bernardins; she had succeeded Olympe 
Bijou in the old man's affections. — Cousin Bette. 

Chardon, formerly a surgeon in the armies of 
the Republic; under the Empire a druggist at An* 
gouldme. — He had given particular attention to 
methods of curing the gout^ and he had also had 
visions of substituting paper made of vegetable fibre 
for that made of rags, after the example of the Chi- 
nese. He died, soon after the Restoration, at Paris, 
— ^whither he had gone to solicit the approval of the 
Academy of Sciences, — in despair at the failure of 
his efforts, leaving a wife and two children in desti- 
tution. — Lost Illusions. 

Chardon (Madame), born Rubempr^, wife of the 
preceding. — Last offshoot of an illustrious family; 
rescued from the scaffold, in 1793, by the army 
surgeon Chardon, who declared that she was with 
child by him, afterward married her, despite their 
common poverty. Reduced to want by her hus- 
band's sudden death, she went out as a nurse 
under the name of Madame Charlotte. She adored 
her two children, Eve and Lucien. Madame Char- 
don died in 1827. — Lost Illusions. — Splendors and 
Miseries of Courtesans. 

Chardon (Lucien). — ^See Rubempr^ (Chardon, 

Chardon (Eve). — See Madame David Sechard. 

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Charels (The), honest farmers of the suburbs 
of Alencon, father and mother of Olympe Charel, 
who became the wife of Michaud, head-keeper 
on the estates of General de Montcornet. — The 

Chargebceuf (Marquis de), a nobleman of Cham- 
pagne, born in 1739, head of the family of Charge- 
boeuf in the time of the Consulate and the Empire. 
— His estates extended from the Department of 
Seine-et-Marne to the Department of Aube. A 
kinsman of the Hauteserres and Simeuses, whose 
names he sought to have stricken from the list of 
emigres in 1804, and whom he assisted in the prose- 
cution instituted against them after the kidnapping 
of Senator Malin de Gondreville. He was also a 
relative of Laurence de Cinq-Cygne. The Charge- 
bceufs and Cinq-Cygnes came from the same stock. 
The Prankish name Duineff was common to them; 
Cinq-Cygne became the name of the younger 
branch of the Chargebceufs. The Marquis de 
Chargeboeuf had some acquaintance with Talley- 
rand, through whom he transmitted a petition to 
First Consul Bonaparte. Monsieur de Chargeboeuf 
seemed to have given in his adhesion to the new 
order of things, born of 1789; at all events, he dis- 
played much political prudence. And yet his family 
could boast of venerable titles dating from the au- 
sades: its name is derived from an exploit of one of 
Saint-Louis's equerries In Egypt. — A Dark Affair. — 

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Chargebceuf (Madame de), mother of Bathilde 
de Chargeboeuf, who married Denis Rogron. She 
lived with her daughter at Troyes under the Resto- 
ration; she was very poor, but had a grand manner. 

Chargeboeuf (Bathilde de), daughter of the pre- 
ceding; she married Denis Rogron. — See Madame 

Chargeboeuf (Melchior-Renfe, Vicomte de), of 
the poor branch of the Chargeboeufs. — Appointed 
sub-prefect of Arcis-sur-Aube, in 181 5, through the 
influence of his kinswoman, Madame de Cinq-Cygne, 
he met Madame S^verine Beauvisage there; they 
loved each other» and a daughter, Cecile-Renee, 
was born of their intercourse. — TTte Deputy from 
Arcis. — In 1820, the Vicomte de Chargeboeuf was 
transferred to Sancerre, where he made the ac- 
quaintance of Madame de la Baudraye; she would 
probably have ''accepted his attentions," had he 
not been made a prefect and left the town. — The Muse 
of the Department. — ^In the last years of the reign of 
Louis-Philippe the Vicomte de Chargeboeuf occupied 
an important position in the management of the 
Orl^ns railway. He lived in Paris; he again met 
Phileas Beauvisage's wife there, and went so far 
as to compromise her. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Chargeboeuf (De), secretary to De Granville, 
procureur-generai, at Paris, in 1830; he was then 
a young man. He was employed by the magistrate 

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to arrange Lucien de Rubempre's funeral in such 
a way that it might be t^elieved that he had died a 
free man at his home on Quai Malaquais. — The Last 
Incamatum of yautrin. 

Chargegrain (Louis), innkeeper at Littray, Nor- 
mandie. — He was connected with the " Brigands/' 
and was implicated In the affair of the chauffeurs of 
Mortagne in 1809, but was acquitted. — The Other 
Side of Contemporaneous History. 

CharleSi Christian name of a young painter of 
a jocose turn, who, in 1819, took his meals at Ma- 
dame Vauquer's boarding-house. — A college tutor 
and an employ^ at the Museum seconded him in his 
jests, of which Goriot was often the object.— OW 

Charles, an Impertinent youth, killed in a duel 
by Raphael de Valentin, at Aix, — Savoie, — in 183 1. 
Charles boasted that he had received the degree of 
bachelor at Lepage's shooting-gallery in Paris, and 
that of doctor from Lozte, " the king of the foil." — 
The Magic Shin. 

Charles, Monsieur d'Aiglemont's valet at Paris 
in 1823. — The marquis complained of his servant's 
negligence. — A Woman of Thirty. 

Charles, footman in the service of the Comte de 
Montcornet at Aigues, — Bourgogne, — in 1823. — He 
paid court to Catherine 1 onsard from evil motives, 

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and was encouraged in his gallant projects by Four* 
ciion, the young woman's maternal grandfather, 
who was desirous of introducing a spy into the 
chateau. In the struggle of the peasants against 
Aigues, Charles was rather inclined to side with 
the peasants: '* He had come from the people, and 
their livery still clung to him/' — The PeasatUs. 

Charlotte, a grande dame, duchess, widow with- 
out children* Marsay loved her when he was only 
seventeen and she six years older; she was false to 
him, and he revenged himself by giving her a rival. 
She died young, of a pulmonary affection; her hus* 
band was a statesman. — Another Study of Woman. 

Charlotte (Madame), name assumed by Madame 
Chardon when she was compelled to become a nurse, 
at AngoulSme, in 1821. — Lost IBusions. 

Ch&telet (Sixte, Baron du), born in 1776; his 
name at first was simply Sixte Chatelet. — He 
assumed the particle on his own responsibility in 
1806, and was made a baron later, under the Empire. 
He began his career as private secretary to an im- 
perial princess, then entered the diplomatic service, 
and, finally, under the Restoration, was appointed 
by Monsieur de Barante superintendent of indirect 
taxes at AngoulSme, where he met Madame de 
Bargeton, whom he married in 1821, when she 
became a widow; he was then prefect of the De- 
partment of Charente. — Lost Illusions. — In 1824, he 
was a count and deputy. — Splendors and Miseries of 

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Courtesans. — Ch^telet accompanied General Marquis 
de Montriveau in a celebrated and dangerous expe- 
dition to Egypt. — History of the Thirteen: La Du- 
chesse de Langeais. 

Chdtelet (Marie-Louise-Anald de N^epeiisse, 
Baronne du) born in 1785, cousin by marriage to 
the Marquise d'Espard, married in 1803 to Monsieur 
de Bargeton, of AngoulSme; widowed in 1821, and 
married a second time to Baron Sixte du Cti^telet, 
prefect of the Charente. — Being momentarily enam- 
ored of Lucien de Rubempre, she took him with her 
on a journey to Paris, which provincial evil-speal<- 
ing and ambition impelled her to make;* and there 
she abandoned her young lover at the instigation of 
Chatelet and Madame d'Espard. — Lost Illusions, — 
In 1824, Madame du Ch^telet attended Madame 
Rabourdin's evening parties. — The Civil Service. — 
Having no mother, she had been brought up rather 
too much like a boy, under the direction of Abb6 
Niolant,— or Niollant, — at Escarbas, a small estate 
of her father's, near Barbezieux. — Lost Illusions. 

Chatillonest (De), an ex-soldier, father of the 
Marquise d'Aiglemont; he looked regretfully upon 
her marriage with the dashing colonel, her cousin. — 
A Woman of Thirty. — The motto of the house of 
Chatillonest — or Chastillonest— was: Fulgens, se- 
guar. Jean Butscha had placed this motto on his 
seal, below a star. — Modeste Mignon. 

* Sh« lived successively on Rue de I'Echelle, at the H6tel du GellUird-Boli, 
—since disappeared.-^ftnd on Rue de Luxembourg, now Rue Cambon. 

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Chaudet (Antoine-Denis), painter and sculptor^ 
born in Paris in 1763, became interested in the 
dawning vocation of Joseph Bridau. — La Rabouil- 

Chaulieu (Henri, Due de), born In 1773, peer 
of France, one of the noblemen prominent at the 
court of Louis XVIII. and of Charles X.; principally 
in favor under the last-named king. — He had been 
French ambassador at Madrid, and early in 1830 
was Minister of Foreign Affairs. He had three chil- 
dren: the Due de Rhetor e; a second son, who be- 
came, by his marriage with Madeleine de Mortsauf, 
Due de Lenoncourt-Givry, and a daughter, Armand- 
Louise-Marie, who married Baron de Macumer, and, 
at his death, Marie Gaston, the poet. — Memoirs of 
Two Young Wives. — Modeste hdignon.-^La Rabouit- 
leuse. — The Due de Chaulieu, being on intimate 
terms with the Grandlieus, had promised them to 
obtain the title of marquis for Lucien de Rubempre, 
a suitor for the hand of their daughter Clotilde. — 
Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — The Due 
de Chaulieu lived in Paris on a footing of close in- 
timacy with these same Grandlieus of the elder 
branch; more than once he interested himself in 
their family affairs: he employed Corentin to throw 
light upon the shady spots in the life of Clotilde's 
betrothed. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 
— At an earlier period. Monsieur de Chaulieu was 
one of a solemn council assembled with the ob- 
ject of extricating a connection of the Grandlieus^ 

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the Duchesse de Langeais, from an unpleasant pre- 
dicament.— //is/ofy of the Thirteen: La Duchesse de 

Chaulieu (Elmore, Duchesse de), wife of the 
preceding. — As a friend of Madame d'Aubrion, she 
tried to dissuade her from giving Mademoiselle d'Au- 
brion's hand to Charles Grandet. — Eugdnie Grandet. 
— ^She was for a long time the mistress of the poet 
Canalis, who was many years her junior; she used 
her influence to push him in society and in public 
life, butf being very jealous, she watched him 
closely. At the age of fifty, she still clung to him. 
Madame de Chaulieu gave her husband the three 
children mentioned in the biography of the duke. 
Her pride and her coquetry made her quite inacces- 
sible to the natural sentiments of a mother. During 
the last year of the second Restoration, near Rosny, 
on the Normandie road, she followed a semi-royal 
hunt, in which the interests of her love were in- 
volved.— Afomoftrs of Two Young Wvoes. — Modeste 

Chaulieu (Armand-Louise-Marie de), daughter 
of the Due and Duchesse de Chaulieu. — See Ma- 
dame Marie Gaston. 

Chaussard (Brothers), innkeepers at Louvigny, 
— Orne, — ^former gamekeepers on the estate of 
Troisville, implicated in the prosecution of the so- 
called chauffeurs of Mortagne in 1809. — The elder 

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Chaussard was sentenced to twenty years' penal 
servitude and sent to the galleys, but was afterward 
pardoned by the Emperor. The younger, failing to 
appear for trial, was sentenced to death; some time 
after, he was thrown into the sea by Monsieur de 
Boislaurier for betraying the cause of the Chouans. 
A third Chaussard, being decoyed into the police by 
Contenson, was killed in a night affray. — The Other 
Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Chavoncourt (De), nobleman of Besancon^ 
highly esteemed in the town; representative of an 
old parliamentary family. He was a Deputy under 
Charles X., — one of the famous 221 who signed the 
address to the king on March 18, 1830, — and was 
re-elected under Louis-Philippe. He had three chil- 
dren and but a slender income. The Chavoncourt 
family was intimate with the Wattevilles. — Albett 

Chavoncourt (Madame de), wife of the pre- 
ceding, and one of the beautiful women of Besan- 
con. — Born about 1794, mother of three children, 
she managed the household prudently with the 
slender means she had at her disposal. — Albert 

Chavoncourt (De), born In 1812. — Son of Mon- 
sieur and Madame de Chavoncourt, of Besancon; 
schoolmate and intimate friend of Monsieur de Vau- 
chelles.'-Albert Savarus. 

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Chavoncourt (Victoire de), second child and 
oldest daughter of Monsieur and Madame de Chavon- 
court; born in 1816 or 18179 — ^Monsieur de Vauchelles 
aspired to marry her in 1834. — Albert Savarus. 

Chavoncourt (Sidonie de), third and last child 
of Monsieur and Madame de Chavoncourt; born in 
1818.— Albert Savarus. 

Chazellet clerk at the ministry of finance, in 
Monsieur Baudoyer's bureau, in 1824. — A married 
man, whose wife tyrannized over him, and who tried 
to appear free; quarrelled incessantly, for the most 
trivial reasons and on the most trivial subjects, with 
Paulmier, who was a bachelor. One smoked, the 
other took snuff; this difference in methods of ab- 
sorbing tobacco was one of the subjects of unending 
disputes between Chazelle and Paulmier. — The Civil 

Chelius, physician at Heidelberg, with whom Hal- 
persohn corresponded, in the time of Louis-Philippe. 
— The Other Side of Cantemparaneous History. 

Chervin, brigadier of gendarmerie at Montegnac, 
near Limoges, in 1829. — The tillage Curd. 

Chesnel or Choisnel, notary at Alencon in the 
time of Louis XVlll.; born in 1753. — Formerly 
steward to the families of Gordes and Esgrignon, 
whose property he saved from confiscation under 

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the Revolution; a widower, childless, and possessed 
of a considerable fortune; he had many clients 
among the aristocracy, notably Madame de la 
Chanterie; he was received everywhere with the 
consideration which his virtues merited. Monsieur 
du Bousquier hated him profoundly, attributing to 
him Mademoiselle d'Esgrignon's refusal of his hand 
and a rebuff of the same nature which he received, 
at the outset, from Mademoiselle Cormon. In 1824, 
by skilful management, Chesnel succeeded in rescu- 
ing young Victurnien d'Esgrignon, who had com- 
mitted forgery, from the assize court. The old 
notary died shortly after this affair. — The Other Side 
of Contemporaneous History. — The Old Maid. — The 
Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Chessel (De), proprietor of the estate and 
chateau of Frapesle, near Sachfe, in Touraine. — 
Being a friend of the Vandenesses, he introduced 
their son Felix to his neighbors the Mortsaufs. He 
was the son of a manufacturer named Durand, who 
became very wealthy under the Revolution, and he 
had laid aside that plebeian name altogether; he took 
the name of his wife, sole heiress of the Chessels, 
an old parliamentary family. — Monsieur de Chessel 
had been director-general, and twice a member of 
the Chamber of Deputies. He received the title 
of count under Louis XVIIl. — The Lily of the Vailty. 

Chessel (Madame de), wife of the preceding. — 
She was very painstaking in her toilet, — The Uly of 

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the ydlley. — In 1824, she was a frequent visitor 
at Madame Rabourdin's in Paris. — The Civil Service. 

Chevrel (Monsieur and Madame), founders of 
the House of the Cat and Rackety Rue Saint-Denis, 
at the close of the eighteenth century. Parents 
of Madame Guillaume, whose husband took over 
the establishment. — The House of the Cat and 

Chevrel, a wealthy banker in Paris, very early 
in the nineteenth century. He was in all probability 
brother and brother-in-law of the preceding, and he 
had a daughter who married Maltre Roguin. — 7%^ 
House of the Cat and Racket. 

Chiavari (Prince de), brother of the Due de Vis- 
tembourg, and son of Mar6chal Vernon. — Beatrix. 

Chiffreville (Monsieur and Madame) conducted 
a flourishing drug and chemical establishment under 
the Restoration, with Messieurs Protez and Cochin 
for partners. — The house had frequent business 
transactions with C^ar Birotteau's Reine des Roses; 
it also supplied Balthazar Claes. — Cdsar Birotteau. 
—The Quest of the Absolute. 

Chigi (Prince), a great Roman nobleman in 
1758. — He boasted that he had ** made a soprano of 
Zambinella,*' and revealed to Sarrasine the fact 
that that person was not a woman. — Sarrasine. 

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Chi886 (Madame de), Monsieur du Bruel's great- 
aunt; a miserly old provincial with whom the ex- 
ballet-dancer Tullia^ now Madame du Bruel, was 
delighted to pass a summer, subjecting herself 
hypocritically to the austere practices of religion. 
— A Prince of Bohemia. 

Chocardelle (Mademoiselle), known by the 
name of Antonia, a Parisian courtesan in the reign 
of Louis-Philippe; born in 1814. — Maxime de Trailles 
declared her a bright woman: *' Indeed, she is my 
pupil/' he said. — About 1834, — she lived on Rue 
du Helder at the time, — she was for a fortnight the 
mistress of La Palf^rine, who asked her to return 
his tooth-brush, in a letter which is still celebrated. 
— Biatrix. — A Prince of Bohemia. — For a very brief 
season she kept a bookstall on Rue Coquenard,* 
given her by Maxime de Trailles. According to 
Marguerite Turquet, she had once ''cleaned out 
little d'Esgrignon." — A Man of Business. — In 1838, 
she was present at a housewarming at Jos^pha 
Mirah's new abode on Rue de la Ville-l'Evfique. — 
Cousin Bette. — In 1839, she went to Arcis-sur-Aube 
with her lover, Maxime de Trailles, whom she 
seconded in his official negotiations concerning the 
election then impending; at the same time, she tried 
to procure payment of a note of hand for ten thou- 
sand francs, signed by Charles Keller, then recently 
deceased. She afterward became Philtes Beau- 
visage's mistress, and cost him very dear. — Tk^ 

^R«« LaaartlM tlact iM» 

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Deputy from Arcis. — The Comte de SaBenauve. — The 
Beauvisage Family. 

Choin (Mademoiselle), a devout Catholic, had 
built, in the eighteenth century, upon land bought 
by her for that purpose at Blangy, a vicarage 
which afterward fell into the hands of Rigou. — The 

Choisnel. — ^See Chesnel. 

ChoUet (M^e), concierge of a house on Rue du 
Sentier, in which were the offices of Finot's news* 
paper, in 1821. — Lost Illusions. 

Chrestien (Michel), republican federalist; mem- 
ber of the C6nacle of Rue des Quatre-Vents; in 
1819, he was invited with all his friends to the 
widow Bridau's, to celebrate her son Philip's return 
from Texas. He posed for a Roman senator in a 
historical picture; the painter was his friend Joseph 
Bridau. — La Rabouilleuse. — About 1822, Chrestien 
fought a duel with Lucien Chardon de Rubempre, 
apropos of Daniel d'Arthez. With the qualities of a 
great statesman, he lived and died unknown; he was 
killed at the Saint-Merri cloister, June 6, 1832: he 
fell defending ideas which were not his own. — Lost 
Illusions. — He was madly in love with Diane de 
Maufrigneuse, but avowed his love only in a letter 
which he wrote to her before going to the barricade 
where he died. In the "days of July," 1830, he 

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had saved Monsieur de Maufrigneuse's life through 
love for the duchess. — The Secrets of La Princesse de 

Christemio, a Creole, foster-father of Paquita 
Valdte, whose protector and body-guard, as it were, 
he constituted himself. — ^The Marquise de San-R^ 
had him put to death for forwarding the relations 
between Paquita and Marsay. — History of the Thtr- 
teen: The Girl with Golden Eyes. 

Christophe, a native of Savoie. — ^Servant at 
Madame Vauquer's, Rue Neuve-Saint-Genevifeve, 
Paris, in 1819; was present with Rastignac at the 
obsequies of Goriot, there being no other mourners, 
and with him attended the body to P^re-Lachaise in 
the priest's carriage.— OW Goriot. 

Cibot, alias Galope-Chopine, alias le grand 
Cibot. — A Chouan engaged in the Breton uprising 
of I799» was beheaded by his cousin Cibot, alias 
Pille-Miche, and by Marche-i-Terre, for having un- 
wittingly informed the Blues of the position of the 
brigands. — The Chouans. 

Cibot (Barbette), wife of Galope-Chopine.— She 
went over to the Blues after her husband's execu- 
tion, and, in revenge, pledged her son, a mere child, 
to the republican cause. — The Chouans. 

Cibot (Jean), alias Pille-Miche, one of the 
Ghouans engaged in the Breton uprising in 1799; 

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cousin of Galope-Chopinei and his murderer. — It 
was also Pille-Miche who shot and killed Adjutant 
Girardf of the Seventy-second demi-brigade, at La 
Vivetiftre. — The Chouans. — He was desaibed as the 
boldest of the secondary confederates of the brigands 
in the affair of the chauffeurs of Mortagne. Tried 
and executed in 1809. — The Other Side (^ Contem" 
poraneaus History. 

Cibot, born in 1786. From 1818 to 184$, tailor 
and concierge of a house on Rue de Normandie be- 
longing to Claude-Joseph Pillerault» where the two 
musicians^ Pons and Schmucke, lived in the time 
of Louis-Philippe. Cibot died at his post, poisoned 
by Remonencq the pawnbroker, on the very day of 
Sylvain Pons's death, in April, 1845. — Cousin Pons. 

Cibot (Madame). — See Madame R6monencq. 

Cicognara, in 1758, cardinal at Rome, protector 
of Zambinella, the singer and eunuch. — He caused 
the murder of Sarrasine, who was trying to kill 
Zambinella. — Sarrasine. 

Cinq-Cygne, name of an illustrious family of 
Champagne, the younger branch of the Charge- 
boeufs; these two branches of the same tree sprang 
from the Duineffs, of the Prankish race. The name 
of Cinq-Cygne is derived from the defence of a 
castle, in their father's absence, by five girls, all 
remarkably fair. The device on the Cinq-Cygne 
coat of arms consists of the reply made by the 

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eldest sister to the summons to surrender: Mourir 
en chantanti — ^We will die singing. — A Dark Affair. 

Cinq-Cygne (Comtesse de), mother of Laurence 
de Cinq-Cygne. — A widow at the time of the Revo- 
lution, she died in a paroxysm of nervous fever after 
the attack on her chateau at Troyes by the mob^ in 
1793.^/^ Dark Affair. 

Cinq-Cygne (Marquis de), name of Adrien 
d'Hauteserre after his marriage to Laurence de 
Cinq-Cygne. — See Adrien d'Hauteserre. 

Cinq-Cygne (Laurence, Comtesse, afterward 
Marquise de), born in 1781. Having lost her father 
and mother at the age of twelve, she lived, at the 
end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of 
the nineteenth, with her kinsman and guardian 
Monsieur d'Hauteserre, at Cinq-Cygne, — Aube; — 
she was loved by her two cousins, Paul-Marie and 
Marie-Paul de Simeuse, and by the younger of her 
guardian's two sons, Adrien d'Hauteserre, whom 
she married in 181 3. In their behalf Laurence 
struggled valiantly against a skilful and formidable 
police plot, of which Corentin was the soul. — ^The 
King of France having long before approved the 
charter of the Comte de Champagne, by virtue of 
which, in the Cinq-Cygne family, **the female 
members ennobled and inherited," Laurence's hus- 
band assumed his wife's name and crest. Although 
an ardent royalist, she followed the Emperor as 

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far as the battle-field of Jena, in i8o6» to solicit the 
pardon of the two Simeuses and the two Haute- 
serres, who were involved in a political prosecution 
and sentenced to penal servitude, notwithstanding 
their innocence. Her bold step was successful. 
The Marquise de Cinq-Cygne bore her husband 
two children, Paul and Berthe. The family passed 
the winter in Paris, in a superb mansion in Faubourg 
du Roule.* — A Dark Affair. — In 1832, Madame de 
Cinq-Cygne, at the invitation of the Archbishop of 
Paris, consented to pay a visit to the reformed 
Princessede Cadignan. — The Secrets of La Princesse 
de Cadignan. — In 1836, Madame de Cinq-Cygne was 
a frequent visitor at Madame de la Chanterie's. — 
The Other Side of Contemporaneous History. — Under 
the Restoration, especially during the reign of 
Charles X., Madame de Cinq-Cygne wielded a sort 
of royal authority in the Department of Aube, which 
the Comte de Gondreville counterbalanced by means 
of his powerful connections and through the liber- 
als of the department. Some time after the death of 
Louis XVlll. she procured the appointment of Fran- 
cois Michu as president of the court of Arcis.— * 
The Deputy from Arcis. 

Cinq-Cygne (Jules de), Laurence de Cinq- 
Cygne's only brother. — He emigrated at the out- 
set of the Revolution, and died at Mayence for the 
royalist cause. — A Dark Affair. 

* Part of the present Faubourg Saint-Honore, between Rue de la BoCtIt 
and Avenue de Wagram. 

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Cinq-Cygne (Paul de), son of Laurence de Cinq- 
Cygne and Adrian d'Hauteserre, became marquis 
after his father's death. — A Dark Affair. 

Cinq-Cygne (Berthe de). — ^See Maufrigneuse — 
Madame Georges de. 

Ciprcy, of Provins, — ^Seine-et-Marne, — nephew 
of Pierrette Lorrain's maternal grandmother; he 
took part in the family council convoked in 1828 
to decide whether the girl should remain under the 
guardianship of Denis Rogron; this council made 
Auffray the notary guardian in Rogron 's place^ and 
appointed Ciprey substitute guardian. — Pierrette. 

Claaa-Molina (Balthazar), Count of Nourho; 
born at Douai* in 1761, died in the same town in 
1832; descended from a famous family of Flemish 
weavers, connected by marriage, under Philip 11., 
with a very noble Spanish family. — He married, in 
1795, Josephine de Temninck of Brussels, and lived 
happily with her until 1809, i'^ which year a Polish 
officer and refugee, Adam de Wierzchownia, being 
temporarily a guest of Claes, discussed in his pres- 
ence the unity of matter. Thereafter, Balthazar, 
who had long before studied chemistry with Lavoi- 
sier, devoted his whole life to the search for the 

* The provlnc* has retalntd the Appearance, the customs, and the manners 
so dear to Balthaxar QaBs-Mollna: Gayant Is still ftted; people pass the 
summer at Orchles. — Doual can stIU boast, notably near Saint-Pletre 
charch. old-fashfoned houses with gables, embellished with venerable 
wrou^-lron window-caslngs. The Esqaerchin quarter. Rue de Paris, 
and Place Saint-Jacques still exist, unchanged in ifty-four years. 

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absolute; he squandered seven millions in expert* 
mentSf and allowed his wife to die of grief. From 
1820 to 18521 he was receiver of taxes in Bretagne^ 
an office which his oldest daughter had procured for 
him in order to divert his mind from his fruitless 
studies. Meanwhile, she rehabilitated the family 
fortune. Balthazar Claes died, almost insane, 
shrieking *' Eureka T* — The Quest of the Absolute. 

Cla68 (Josephine de Temninck, Madame), wife 
of Balthazar Claes, born at Brussels in 1770, died 
at Douai in 1816; of Spanish extraction through her 
mother; commonly known by the name of Pfepita. 
— She was short, hump-backed, and lame, with 
dense black hair and glowing eyes. She gave to 
her husband four children : Marguerite, F^licie, 
Gabriel,— or Gustave, — ^and Jean-Balthazar. She 
was passionately fond of her husband; and so 
she died of grief when she found that she was 
utterly neglected for scientific experiments which 
were unlikely to lead to any result. — The Quest of 
the Absolute. — Madame Claes was connected with the 
Evangelistas of Bordeaux. — The Marriage Contract. 

Cla^s (Marguerite), oldest daughter of Baltha^r 
and Josephine. — See Madame de Soils. 

Claims (Felicie), second daughter of Balthazar and 
Josephine; born in 1801. — See Madame Pierquin. 

Cla«8 (Gabriel or Gustave), third child of Bal- 
thazar and Josephine; born about 1802. — He studied 

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at the college of Douai, then entered the Ecole Poly 
technique, became an engineer in the Department 
of Roads and Bridges, and married, in 1825, Made- 
moiselle Conyncks of Cambrai. — The Quest of the 

Cla<^8 (Jean-Balthazar), last child of Balthazar 
and Josephine; bprn in the early years of the nine- 
teenth century. — The Quest of the Absolute. 

Clagny (J.-B. de), king's attorney at Sancerre 
in 1836. — A passionate admirer of Dinah de la Bau- 
draye, he procured his own transfer to Paris when 
she went thither, became successively deputy pro- 
cureur-general, avocat-general, and finally avocat- 
general in the Court of Cassation. He watched 
over and protected the strayed lamb, and consented 
to be godfather of the child she had by Lousteau. — 
The Muse of the Department. 

Clagny (Madame de), wife of the preceding. — 
In 1814, to employ the expression of Monsieur 
Gravier, she was ugly enough to put a young Cos- 
sack to flight; Madame Clagny sought Madame de 
la Baudraye's company. — The Muse of the Depart^ 

Claparon, clerk in the department of the in- 
terior under the Republic and the Empire; a friend 
of the elder Bridau, after whose death he continued 
to maintain friendly relations with Madame Bridau; 

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in their mother's presence he paid much attention 
to Philippe and Joseph. Claparon died in 1820. — 
La RabauiUeuse. 

Claparon (Charles), son of the preceding, born 
about 1790; man of business and banker; * originally 
a travelling salesman; one of P. du Tillet's auxil- 
iaries in certain operations of doubtful honesty. — 
He was invited to the famous ball given by Cesar 
Birotteau to celebrate at the same time his appoint- 
ment to the Legion of Honor and the liberation of 
French territory. — La RabouUleuse. — Cdsar Btrot- 
teau. — In 182I1 at the Bourse, he made a strange 
bargain with Castanier, Nucingen's cashier, who 
transmitted to him, in exchange for his own indi- 
viduality, the power he had acquired from John 
Melmoth the Englishman .^Afe/mo/A Converted. — 
He was concerned in the third liquidation of Nucin- 
gen's affairs in 1826, which made the fortune of the 
Alsatian banker, whose " man of straw" he was for 
some time. — The House of Nucingen. — Having been 
cheated by Cerizet, with whom he was in partner- 
ship, in the matter of a house sold to Thuillier, and 
being entirely without credit **on 'change," he sailed 
for America about 1840. He was presumably con- 
victed, by default, of fraudulent bankruptcy. — A Man 
of Business, — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Clapart, clerk at the Prefecture of the Seine, 
under the Restoration, with a salary of twelve 

* On Rue de Provenct, which then ended At Rue de la Chauss^e d'Aottn. 

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hundred francs; born about 1776. — In 1803, he 
married the widow Husson, then about twenty- 
two; he was at that time a clerk in the department 
of finance, at eighteen hundred francs, and seemed 
to be in a fair way to rise; but his notorious inca- 
pacity kept him in subordinate positions. At the 
fall of the Empire, he lost his place, and obtained 
the clerkship at the prefecture on the recommenda- 
tion of the Comte de Serizy. Madame Husson had 
by her first husband a child who was Clapart's bSte 
noire. In 1822, the family occupied an apartment 
at two hundred and fifty francs, on Rue de Cerisaie, 
No. 7. A retired clerk in the department of 
finance was a frequent visitor there, Poiret senior. 
Clapart was killed July 28, 1835, ^^ ^^^ ^'^^ of 
Fieschi's attack on the king. — A Start in Life. 

Clapart (Madame), wife of the preceding; born 
in 1780. — One of the ** Aspasias " of the Directory, 
she was made famous by her relations with one of 
the '* Pentarchs;" he married her to the contractor 
Husson, who made millions, but who was ruined 
without warning by the First Consul, and com- 
mitted suicide in 1802. At the same time, she was 
the mistress of Moreau, afterward the Comte de 
Serizy*s steward; Moreau, who loved her dearly, 
would have married her; but, at that time, he was 
under sentence of death and had fled. Then it 
was that, in her distress, she married Clapart, a 
clerk in the department of finance. Madame Clapart 
had, by her first husband, a son, Oscar Husson, to 

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whom she was devoted, and whose youthful t>ack* 
sliding3 caused her much suffering. Under the first 
Empire, she was titular femtne de chambre to Madame 
M&re, — Letitia Bonaparte. — A Start in Life. 

Clara (Donna), Spaniard, mother of Don Fer- 
nand. Due de Soria, and Don Felipe, Baron de 
Macumer. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. 

Clarimbault (Marshal de), maternal grand- 
father of Madame de Beaus^ant. — He had married 
the daughter of the Chevalier de Rastignac, Eugene 
de Rastignac's great-uncle. — Old Goriot. 

Claude, a cretin^ died in 1829, in the Dauphin^ 
village governed and metamorphosed by £>octor 
Benassis. — The Country Doctor. 

Claudine, Christian name of Mademoiselle Chaf- 
faroux, better known as Tullia, who became Madame 
du BrueL 

Clef-des-Cceura (La), a soldier in the Seventy- 
second demi-brigade, commanded by Hulot; killed 
by the Chouans at La Vivetiftre, late in the year 
1799. — Tke Chouans. 

Cleretti, the fashionable architect of Paris in 
1843, against whom Grindot, then out of fashion, 
was still trying to hold his own. — Cousin Bette. 

Clergeot, chief of division in the ministry of 
finance, in 1824-1825.— :7%^ Civil Service. 

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Clerget (Basine)» laundress at Angoul6me under 
the Restoration. — She succeeded Madame Prieur, 
with whom Eve Chardon had worked. Basine con- 
cealed David S^chard and Kolb when the former 
was persecuted by the brothers Cointet. — Lost 

ClotildCt one of the celebrities of the Op^ra 
under Louis XV., was momentarily, some time be- 
fore 1758, the mistress of the sculptor Sarrasine. — 

Clousier, formerly an advocate at Limoges, jus- 
tice of the peace at Mont^gnac from 1809. — He was 
among those consulted by Madame Graslin when 
she settled in that village about 1830. He was an 
upright, heedless man, who had lapsed into the con- 
templative state of the recluses of ancient times. — 
The yiUage CurL 

Cochegrue (Jean), Chouan, died of wounds re- 
ceived at the battle of La Pelerine or at the siege of 
Fougftres in 1799. — A mass was said in the woods 
by Abbe Gudin, in honor of Jean Cochegrue, Nicolas 
Lafert^, Joseph Brouet, Francois Parquoi, and Sul- 
pice Copiau, all killed by the Blues. — The Chauans. 

Cochegrue (P^re), a farmer of the Limousin, 
who died in the days of the chauffeurs, because he 
let them burn his feet rather than give them his 
money. — The yUlage Curi. 

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Cochet (Francoise), Modeste Mignon's maid, at 
Havre, in 1829. — ^She received the replies to Mo- 
deste's letters to Canalis. She had also served 
faithfully Bettina-Caroline, Modeste's older sister, 
who had taken her to Paris. — Modeste Mignon. 

Cochin (Emile-Louis-Lucien-Emmanuel), clerk in 
the ministry of finance, Clergeot's division, under 
the Restoration. — He had a brother in the govern- 
ment who looked out for him. Cochin was at the 
same time a silent partner in the drug firm of Mati- 
fat; Colleville had made an anagram of Cochin's 
name, including the initials: CocheniUe, — cochineal. 
— Cochin and his wife, who were in the Birot- 
teau's social set, were present with their son at the 
perfumer's famous ball, December 17, 1818. In 
1840, Cochin, having been made a baron, was, like 
Anselme Popinot, the oracle of the Lombard and 
Bourdonnais quarters. — Cisar Birotteau. — The Civil 
Service. — The House of Nucingen. — The Petty Bour- 

Cochin (Adolphe), son of the preceding, clerk in 
the ministry of finance, as his father was for some 
years. — In 1826, his parents sought to obtain Made- 
moiselle Matifat's hand for him. — Cisar Birotteau. — 
The House of Nucingen. 

Cceur-la-Virole guarded Theodore Calvi when 
under sentence of death at the Conciergerie in 1830. 
— The Last Incarnation of l^autrin. 

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Coffinety concierge in 1840 of a house on Rue 
Saint-Dominique-d'Enfer, belonging to the Thuilliers. 
— Its owner utilized it for the purposes of the news- 
paper, the Echo de la BUvre, when Louis-Jfer6me 
Thuillier became editor-in-chief of that sheet. — The 
Petty Bourgeois. 

Coffinet (Madame), wife of the preceding. — ^She 
did Theodose de la Peyrade's housework. — The Petty 

Cognet, keeper of a wine-shop at Issoudun, be- 
tween Rue des Minimes and Place Mis^re, under the 
Restoration. — The "Knights of Idleness/' under 
the presidency of Maxence Gilet, met in his estab- 
lishment. He was an ex-groom, born about 1767; 
a short, thick-set man, submissive to his wife; 
he was one-eyed, and often said that he could 
see things only with one good eye.* — La Rabouil^ 

Cognet (Madame), alias Mdre Cognette, wife of 
the preceding, born about 1783. — Formerly a cook 
in a good family, and selected, by reason of her 
talents as a cordon bleu, to be the Lfeonarde of the 
order of which Maxence Gilet was the chief. A tall 
woman, very dark, with a keen, laughing eye. — La 

* Thcrt Is a play upon words In the orirlosl tbat cannot be rendered In 
tnuislation. The text reads : ^'it mt pouvaii voir Us chmtt que d'um bom cril; 
which means not only as translated, but also ibat bt ctmtd sm tbimgt oml/ witb 

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Cointet (Boniface), conducted, in conjunction 
with his brother Jean, a prosperous printing estab- 
lishment at Angoulftme, under the Restoration. — 
By disloyal artifices he ruined David Sechard's 
printing-office. Boniface Cointet, the elder brother, 
was ordinarily called the grand Cointet; he affected 
piety. Having made several millions, he was chosen 
Deputy, created a peer of France, and became Min- 
ister of Commerce in a coalition ministry under 
Louis-Philippe. In 1842, he married Anselme Popi- 
not*s daughter. — Lost Illusions. — Tke House of Nu- 
cingen. — May 28, 1839, he presided at the session 
of the Chamber of Deputies at which Sallenauve's 
election was confirmed. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Cointet (Jean), younger brother of the pre- 
ceding; called ^05 Cointet; had especial charge of 
the printing department, his brother taking charge 
of the business of the firm. Jean Cointet was con- 
sidered a good fellow, and affected liberal principles. 
— Lost Illusions. 

Colas (Jacques), a consumptive child living in 
a village near Grenoble; attended by Doctor Ben- 
assis. He possessed an exceedingly pure, sweet 
voice, and had a passion for singing. He lived with 
his mother, who was very poor. He died, at the 
age of fifteen, toward the close of the year 1829, 
a few days after the death of his benefactor. 
Nephew of Moreau, the old ploughman. — The 
Country Doctor. 

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Coileville, son of a talented musician, who was 
first violin at the Opera under Francoeur and Rebel; 
he was himself first clarinet at the Opera-Comique 
and at the same time chief clerk in the ministry of 
finance, and, furthermore, book-keeper for a trades- 
man from seven till nine in the morning. — An in- 
veterate maker of anagrams. Appointed deputy 
chief in Baudoyer's bureau when the latter was 
made chief of division; six months later, tax col- 
lector in Paris. In 1832 was seaetary to the 
mayor of the twelfth arrondissement, and officer in 
the Legion of Honor; at that time, Colleville lived, 
with his wife and children, on Rue d'Enfer, cor- 
ner of Rue des Deux-Eglises.* He was Thuillier's 
most intimate friend. — The Civil Service. — The Petty 

Colleville (Flavie Minoret, Madame), born in 
1798; wife of the preceding, daughter of a famous 
ballet-dancer, and possibly of Monsieur de Bour- 
guier. She married for love, and had, between 1816 
and 1826, five children, each of whom may, in real- 
ity, have had a different father: 

1. A daughter, born in 1816, resembling Colle- 

2. A son, Charles, destined for a military career, 
born during his mother's intimacy with Charles 
de Gondreville, sub-lieutenant in Saint-Chamans's 

* Rue d'Eofer Is now Rue Denltrt-Rocheren. and Rue dM Deux-E^liMt, 
Rue de I'Abbe de I'Ep^e. 

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3. A son, Francois, destined for a business career, 
born during Madame Colleville's intimacy with 
Francois Keller, the banker; 

4. A daughter. Celeste, born in 1821, of whom 
Thuillier, Colleville's most intimate friend, was the 
godfather — and father in partibus ; 

5. A son, Theodore or Anatole, born during a 
period of religious fervor. 

Madame Colleville, a graceful, piquant Parisian, 
as pretty as she was clever and bright, made her 
husband very happy; he owed his promotion to 
her. In the interest of their ambition, she was 
*'kind** for a moment to the secretary-general, 
Chardin des Lupeaulx. She received every Wednes- 
day artists and distinguished men in every walk of 
life.— 7^ OvU Service.— Cousin Bette.—The Petty 

Colleville (Celeste), fourth child of the pre- 
ceding. — See Madame Felix Phellion. 

CoUiau, during Lucien de Rubempr^'s first stay 
in Paris, furnished Coralie's lover with haberdash- 
ery and toilet articles. — Lost Illusions. 

Collin (Jacques), born in 1779. — He was edu- 
cated by the fathers of the Oratoire and pursued his 
studies as far as rhetoric; he was then placed in a 
banking-house by his aunt Jacqueline Collin, but 
being accused of a forgery, probably committed by 
Franchessini, he fled. Later, he was sent to the 

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galleys, and remained there from 1810 to 181 5, 
escaped in the latter year, came to Paris, took up his 
abode at Madame Vauquer's boarding-house under 
the name of Vautrin, there made the acquaintance 
of Rastignac, then a young man, became interested 
in him, advised him, and tried to marry him to Vic- 
torine Taillefer, whom he had assured of a rich dowry 
by bringing about the death of her brother in a duel 
with Franchessini. Arrested, in 1819, by Bibi-Lupin, 
chief of the secret police, he was sent back to the 
galleys, escaped again in 1820, and reappeared in 
Paris under the name of Carlos Herrera, honorary 
canon of the chapter of Toledo. He rescued Lucien 
de Rubempre from suicide and assumed the direc- 
tion of the young poet's life: being accused, with 
him, of the murder of Esther Gobseck, who had in 
fact poisoned herself, he was able to clear his skirts 
of that crime, and succeeded in obtaining the office of 
chief of the secret police in 1830, under the name 
of Saint-Est&ve. He retained that position until 
1845. With his salary of twelve thousand francs, 
three hundred thousand which he inherited from 
Lucien de Rubemprfe, and the profits of a patent- 
leather manufactory at Gentilly, Jacques Collin 
was rich. — Old Coriot. — Lost Illusions. — Splendors 
and Miseries of Courtesans. — The Last Incarnation 
of yautrin. — The Deputy from Arcis. — In his youth, 
Jacques Collin had had a son by Catherine Gous- 
sard, a young peasant of Champagne, Danton's 
natural daughter. He did not discover this son, 
Dorlange-Sallenauve, until 1840, when he implored 

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him to acknowledge him as his father and watched 
with solicitude his dawning fortune and progress 
in society. At this period, Jacques Collin » who 
was sub-gardener for Sallenauve for a short time, 
under the name of P&re Jacques, assumed that of 
Halpertius or Halphertius, and figured as a Swede 
enamored of music and philanthropy; he ''pro- 
tected** Luigia, Sallenauve's former housekeeper, 
now a celebrated singer. The ex-convict ended his 
days as chancellor of the police and of public health 
in an Italian principality, toward the close of Louis- 
Philippe's reign. He was killed by Schirmer the 
counterfeiter. — The Comte de Sallenauve, — The Beau- 
visage Family. — Besides the pseudonym of Monsieur 
Jules, by which he was known to Catherine Gous- 
sard, Collin also assumed temporarily the English 
name of William Barker, aeditor of Georges d'Es- 
tourny. Under that name, he hoodwinked the crafty 
C^rizet and induced that man of business to endorse 
notes for him. — Splendors and Miseries of CourU" 
sans. — He also bore the sobriquet of ** Trompe-la- 

Collin (Jacqueline), aunt of Jacques Collin, whom 
she had brought up; born at Java. — In her youth 
she had been the mistress of Marat, and was after- 
ward on intimate terms with Duvignon the chemist, 
who was sentenced to death, in 1799, for counter* 
feiting. In his society she had acquired a dangerous 
knowledge of toxicology. From 1800 to 1805, she 
was a dealer in toilet articles, and was imprisoned 

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for two years, 1806-1808, for debauching young 
girls. Prom 1824 to 1830, Mademoiselle Collin co- 
operated materially in the adventurous life, outside 
the law, of her nephew Jacques, alias Vautrin. She 
excelled in disguises. — In 1839, ^^^ ^^ ^ marriage- 
broker on Rue de Provence, under the name of 
Madame de Saint-Est&ve. She also borrowed fre- 
quently the name of her friend Madame Nourisson, 
who carried on similar branches of industry, of more 
or less doubtful legality, on Rue Neuve-Saint-Marc,* 
under Louis-Philippe. She had some transactions 
with Victorin Hulot, for whose account she plotted 
the ruin of Madame Marneffe, Crevel's mistress and 
subsequently his wife. Under the name of Asia, 
Jacqueline Collin made an excellent cook for Esther 
Gobseck, upon whom she kept watch by Vautrin's 
orders. In 1845, ^^^ ^^"^ ^^ I^^y ^>^1^ ^^^ chemist 
Duvignon, — Lanty, — whom she had found once 
more, and with him joined a new band of counter- 
feiters; having fallen into the hands of the local 
police, she took poison and died under her nephew's 
eyes. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — The 
Last Incarnation of Vautrin. — Cousin Bette. — The In- 
voluntary Comedians. — The Comte de Sallenauve. — 
The Beauvisage Family. 

Coliinet, celebrated musician, directed the orches- 
tra at the famous ball given by C§sar Birotteau, 
Sunday, December 17, 1818. — Cdsar Birotteau. 

*Now Rue Salnt-Mmrc. Rue Neuve-Salnt-Mtfc ran fron Rue Richelieu 
to PUce BoTeldSeu. 


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CoUinety grocer at Arcis-sur-Aube» under Louis- 
Philippe; an elector of the Liberal party led by 
Colonel Giguet. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

CoUinet (Francois-Joseph), tradesman at Nantes. 
— He failed in i8i4» as the result of political up- 
heavals, sailed for America, returned, in 1824, rich, 
and rehabilitated himself. He had caused a loss of 
twenty-four thousand francs to Monsieur and Ma- 
dame Lorrain, petty shoplceepers at Pen-Hoel, Major 
Lor rain's father and mother; but, on his return to 
France, he brought to Madame Lorrain, then a 
widow and almost seventy years old, forty-two 
thousand francs, representing the full amount, prin- 
cipal and interest, that he owed her. — Pierrette. 

Colonna, an old Italian, living at Genoa in the 
last years of the eighteenth century. — He had 
brought up Luigi Porta under the name of Colonna^ 
and as his own son, from the age of six until the 
young man enlisted in the French army. — The Vetir 

Coloquinte, sobriquet of an Invaiide, messenger 
at the office of Finot's newspaper In 1820. — He had 
made the Egyptian campaign, and lost an arm at 
the battle of Montmirail. — La RabouUleuse. — Lost 

Coiorat (JerOme), keeper on Madame Graslin's 
estates at Mont^gnac; born at Limoges. — Ex-soldier 

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of the Empire, ex-quartermaster in the Garde 
Royale, he had been in the service of Monsieur 
de Navarreins as keeper before serving Madame 
Graslin in that capacity. — The tillage Curi. 

Combabu8» nickname given by artists and men 
of letters to Months de Mont6janos; according to 
Rollin's Ancient History, Combabus, a willing Abe- 
lard, stood guard over the wife of a king of Abys- 
sinia, Persia, Mesopotamia, and Bactrianum. — Cousin 

Constance, lady's-maid to Madame de Restaud 
in 18 19. — Through Constance, Pfere Goriot knew 
everything that took place in his eldest daugh- 
ter's house. This Constance, sometimes called 
Victoire, lent money to her mistress on occasion. — 
Old Goriot. 

Constant de Rebecque (Benjamin), born at 
Lausanne, in 1767, died at Paris, December 8, 1830. 
— Late in 1821, Benjamin Constant was at the shop 
of Dauriat the publisher, in the Palais-Royal, where 
Lucien de Rubempre had a glimpse of that refined 
face and those eyes sparkling with intelligence. — 
Lost Illusions. 

Constant, Napoleon's valet, was waiting on his 
master at dinner in a Prussian hovel, on October 
13, 1806, the eve of the battle of Jena, when Ma- 
demoiselle de Cinq-Cygne, who had journeyed from 

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France to see the Emperor^ was admitted to an 
audience. — A Dark Affair. 

Constantin, a Pole. — Coachman to Count and 
Countess Laginski, in Paris» in 1836; Thaddee Paz 
had trained him with a view of making him the 
major-domo of the family, and he could be relied 
on. — The Pretended hfistress. 

Contenson. — See Tours-Miniires (Bernard-Pol- 
ydor-Bryond des). 

Conti (Gennaro)^ musical composer; of Neapol- 
itan descent, but born at Marseille. Lover of Ma- 
demoiselle des Touches — Camille Maupin — in 1821- 
i822» and subsequently of the Marquise Beatrix de 
Rochefide.— los/ Illusions.— Biatrix.— He was an 
accomplished singer. In 1839, in the salons of Ras- 
tignac, then Minister of Public Works, he sang the 
famous aria Pria che spunti V aurora ; and with Luigia 
the duo from Semiramide: Bella Imago. — The Comte 
de Sallenauve. 

Conyncks, a family of Bruges, related to Mar- 
guerite Claes through her mother; Marguerite, 
in 1812, at sixteen, was the living image of a 
Conyncks, her grandmother, whose portrait was in 
Balthazar Claes's collection. — A Conyncks, origi- 
nally of Bruges, but afterward settled at Cambrai, 
great-uncle of Balthazar's children, was appointed 
their substitute guardian after Madame Claes's 

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death. He had a daughter who married Gabriel 
Claes. — The Quest of the Absolute. 

Coquart, clerk to Camusot de Marvillet exam- 
ining magistrate at Paris in 1830. At that time, 
Coquart was only twenty-two.— 5j^&mfor5 and Mis- 
eries of Courtesans. 

Coquelin (Monsieur and Madame), ironmongers, 
successors of Claude-Joseph Pillerault in a shop on 
Quai de la Ferraille,* the Cloche d'Or.— Guests at 
the famous ball given by C^sar Birotteau, Decem- 
ber 17, 1818. — Even before she received the invita- 
tion, Madame Coquelin had ordered a superb gown 
for the occasion. — Cdsar Birotteau. 

Coquet, chief of a bureau in the war department, 
Lebrun's division, in 1838; Marneffe succeeded him. 
— Coquet had been in the government service since 
1809, ^^^ l^is experience was very valuable. He 
was married, and his wife was still living when he 
was put on the retired list. — Cousin Bette. 

Coraiie (Mademoiselle), actress at the Panorama- 
Dramatique and the Gymnase, under Louis XVIII. 
— Born in 1803, a Catholic, she was, neverthe- 
less, of the purest Jewish type. She died in 
August, 1822. Sold by her mother, at the age of 
fifteen, to young Henri de Marsay, whom she 
abhorred and by whom she was very soon aban- 
doned, she was kept by Camusot, who did not 

* Now Qual dt U MiglsMrlt. 

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harass her. She fell in love with Lucien de Ru- 
bempre at first sight, gave herself to him forthwith, 
and remained his devoted mistress to her last 
breath. The splendor and downfall of Coralie date 
from this liaison. A maiden feuilleton by young 
Chardon caused the success of the Alcade dans 
rEmbarras in the Marais, and procured for Coralie, 
one of the principal interpreters of the play, an en- 
gagement at twelve thousand francs on Boulevard 
Bonne-Nouvelle, where the artist, being the victim 
of a cabal, failed utterly, despite the patronage of 
Camille Maupin. She lived at first on Rue de Ven- 
dfime,* afterward on Rue de la Lune, in most 
modest apartments, where she died, nursed and 
cared for by her cousin Berenice. She had sold 
her finQ furniture to Cardot the elder, on leaving 
the apartments on Rue de VendOme, and, to avoid 
moving it, he installed Florentine there. Coralie 
was a rival of Madame Perrin, who created Fan- 
chon la f^ielleuse, and of Mademoiselle Fleuriet, who 
created Michel and Christine,^ both of whom she 
resembled, and whose destinies were similar to her 
own. Coralie's funeral took place at noon, in the 
little church of Notre-Dame de Bonne-Nouvelle, in 
the presence of the C^nacle, — ^less Michel Chres- 
tien, — ^Berenice, Mademoiselle des Touches, two 

* Now Rue Beran^er. 

t Monsieur Dupln, one of the authors, Is still living.— In the supple- 
nentary Notes to tfie Repertory, the compilers say: " It was not Madame 
Perrin, Coralie's rival, who created Fancbom d* yitJUuu, a vaudeville by 
Boullly and Pain, but Madame Belmont— In the same biography, we state 
that Dupin. one of the authors of Micbd *t Cbristint, is still living: Dupin 
died just as the last sheets of the Repertory were going through the press." 

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supernumeraries from the Gymnase, the actress's 
dresser, and Camusot, who promised to buy a burial 
lot at Pfere-Lachaise. — A Start in Life. — Lx>%t Illusions. 
— La Rabouilleuse. 

Corbigny (De), prefect of Loire-et-Cher in 181 1. 
A friend of Madame de Staei, who commissioned 
him to enter Louis Lambert at the college of Ven- 
dOme at her expense; he probably died in 1812. — 
Louis Lambert. 

Corbinety notary at Soulanges — Bourgogne — 
in 1823, and, prior to that time, Sibilet's employer. 
The Gravelots, dealers in wood, were clients of his. 
Aigues was placed in his hands for sale when Gen- 
eral de Montcornet became weary of the difficult 
task of working the estate. Mentioned, on one oc- 
casion, by the name of Corbineau. — The Peasants. 

Corbinet, judge of the court at Ville-aux-Fayes 
in 1823; son of Corbinet the notary. He belonged, 
body and soul, to the all-powerful mayor of the 
town, Gaubertin. — The Peasants. 

Corbinet, ex-captain in the army, postmaster at 
Ville-aux-Fayes in 1823; brother of Corbinet the 
notary; the youngest daughter of Sibilet the clerk, 
sixteen years of age, was betrothed to him. — The 

Corde-2l-Puit8, nickname of a studio fag in Chau- 
det's studio, under the Empire. — La RabouiUeuse. 

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Corentin, born at Venddme in 1777; a police 
agent of a high order of genius, a pupil of Peyrade, 
as Louis David was of Vien. — Being a favorite of 
Fouch^, and probably his natural son, he accom- 
panied Mademoiselle de Verneuil, in 1799, on her 
expedition to seduce and betray Alphonse de Mon- 
tauran, the young chieftain of the Bretons in arms 
against the Republic. For two years, Corentin had 
clung to that extraordinary young woman as a ser- 
pent clings to a tree. — The Chauans. — In 1803, being 
sent, with his master Peyrade, upon a difficult mis- 
sion in the Department of Aube, he was obliged to 
search the house of Mademoiselle de Cinq-Cygne; 
surprised by her as he was forcing a casket, he 
received a blow from her hunting-crop, for which 
he revenged himself cruelly by implicating the 
Hauteserres and Simeuses, the young woman's 
cousins and dear friends, in the matter of the abduc- 
tion of Senator Malin, although they were entirely 
innocent. About the same time, he performed a 
delicate mission at Berlin to the satisfaction of Tal- 
leyrand, Minister of Foreign Relations, who con- 
gratulated him on his success. — A Dark Affair. — 
From 1824 to 1830, Corentin had for an adversary 
the redoubtable Jacques Collin, alias Vautrin, whose 
schemes in favor of Lucien de Rubempre he piti- 
lessly thwarted. It was Corentin who made the 
ambitious poet's marriage to Clotilde de Grandlieu 
impossible, and brought about, as a result, the abso- 
lute ruin of that ** provincial great man in Paris." 
In May, 1830, he was resting from his labors on 

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Rue des Vignes, Passy. — Splendors and Miseries of 
Courtesans. — Under Charles X., Corentin was the 
chief of the political counter-police at the chdteau. — 
The Last Incarnation of yautrin. — For more than 
thirty years he lived on Rue Honorfe-Chevalier 
under the name of Monsieur du Portail. After the 
death of his friend Peyrade, he took the old police 
agent's daughter, Lydie, into his family; about 1840, 
he made a match for her with Th6odose de la Peyrade, 
Peyrade's nephew, after thwarting the projects of 
that astute young man, who was deeply in love with 
Celeste Colleville's substantial dowry. At the same 
time, Corentin installed the husband of his adopted 
child in the important post occupied by himself in 
the police administration. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Coret (Augustin), under-clerk for Bordin, solici- 
tor, in iio6.—A Start in Life. 

Cormon (Rose-Mar ie-Victoire). — ^See Madame 
du Bousquier. 

Comevin, an old Percheron, foster-father of 
Olympe Michaud, born Charel. He was probably 
a Chouan in 1794 and 1799. In 1823, he was a ser- 
vant in the Michaud household. — The Peasants. 

Comoiller (Antoine), gamekeeper at Saumur; 
married tall Nanon, fifty-nine years of age, after 
Grandet's death, about 1827, and became head- 
keeper of all Eugenie Grandet's estates. — Euginie 

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Cornoiller (Madame). — See Nanon. 

Corret, partner in the banking-house founded by 
Madame des Grassins at Saumur» in the absence 
of Monsieur des Grassins, who had gone to Paris, 
whence he was destined never to return. — Eugdnie 

Cottereau, a famous smuggler, one of the lead- 
ers in the Breton uprising. At La Vivetifere, in 
I799» in a tempestuous scene, he threatened the 
Marquis de Montauran that he would make submis- 
sion to the First Consul, unless he obtained forth- 
with some important benefits by way of recompense 
for seven years of devotion to the ** good cause.'* — 
*' My men and I have a devilishly troublesome cred- 
itor," he said, smiting his stomach. — One of three 
brothers of Jean Cottereau, whose sobriquet CA<waff 
was assumed by all those who rose against the 
Republic in the West. — The Chouans. 

Cottin (Marechal), Prince of Wissembourg, Due 
d'Orfano, old soldier of the Republic and Empire, 
Minister of War in 1841; born in 1771. Comrade 
in arms and friend of Marechal Hulot, he was com- 
pelled to cause him great sorrow by informing him 
of the frauds of Hulot d'Ervy, the intendant. 
Marechal Cottin had been, with Nucingen, one of 
Hortense Hulot's witnesses at the time of her mar- 
riage to Wenceslas Steinbock. — Cousin Bette. 

Cottin (Francine), a Breton girl, perhaps from 
Foug^res, born about 1773. She was the maid and 

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confidante of Mademoiselle de Verneuil, who had 
been brought up by Francine's parents: and, being 
an old playmate of Marche-i-Terre, she was able, 
by using her influence over the Chouan, to save 
her mistress's life at the time of the massacre of 
the Blues at La Vivetifere, in 1799. — The Chouans. 

Cottin, an old serving-man in the employ of 
Madame de Dey at Carentan, — Manche, — in 1793. 
— The Conscript. 

Cottin (Brigitte), Madame de Dey's housekeeper; 
married to Cottin, a servant in the same family. — 
Both had their mistress's confidence and were 
devoted to her. — The Conscript. 

Coudrai (Du), recorder of mortgages at Alencon 
under Louis XVIH. — A frequent guest at Mademoi- 
selle Cormon's, and subsequently at Monsieur du 
Bousquier's after he became the *' old maid's " hus- 
band. — One of the most amiable men in the town; 
his only faults were that he had married a wealthy 
but unendurable old woman, and that he persistently 
perpetrated outrageous puns at which he was the 
first to laugh. In 1824, Monsieur du Coudrai was 
dismissed; he lost his place for voting the wrong 
way. — The Old Maid. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Coupiau, Breton, driver of the mail from May- 
enne to Fougdres in 1799. — In the conflict between 
the Blues and the Chouans he had taken no side. 

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but was guided in his action by circumstances and 
his own interest; however, he allowed himself to be 
robbed by the *' brigands " of money belonging to 
the coffers of the State without the slightest resist- 
ance. Coupiau had been dubbed Mine-a-Bien by 
the Chouan Marche-i-Terre. — The Chouans. 

Coupiau (Sulpice), Chouan, probably a relative 
of Coupiau the stage-driver. Killed, in 1799, at the 
battle of La P&lerine or at the siege of Foug&res. — 
See Jean Cochegrue. — The Chouans. 

Courand (Jenny), florist, mistress of F^lix Gau- 
dissart in 1831; she lived at that time on Rue d'Ar- 
tois, — now Rue Laffitte, — Paris. — The Illustrious 

Courceuil (F61ix), of Alencon, formerly a sur- 
geon in the rebel armies of La Vendue, supplied 
the *• brigands " with weapons in 1809. Included 
in the prosecution of the chauffeurs of Mortagne, and 
being in default, he was sentenced to death. — The 
Other Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Cournant, notary at Provins in 1827, rival of 
Auffray; belonged to the opposition, one of the few 
liberals in the little town. — Pierrette. 

Courtecuisse, gamekeeper of the estate of 
Aigues, — Bourgogne, — under the Empire and the 
Restoration, until 1823. Born about 1777; he was 

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at first in the service of Mademoiselle Laguerre; he 
was dismissed by General de Montcornet for his 
utter inefficiency^ and replaced by three vigilant 
and loyal keepers. Courtecuisse was a little man 
with a face like a full moon, who was especially fond 
of doing nothing. On leaving the general's service, 
he demanded eleven hundred francs, which were 
not due him and which his master at first indignantly 
refused to give him, but he finally yielded, in the 
face of a threatened lawsuit, the publicity of which 
he preferred to avoid. Courtecuisse, after his dis- 
charge, bought from Rigou, for two thousand francs, 
the little domain of La Bdchelerie, surrounded on all 
sides by the Aigues property, and he wore himself out 
to no profit, in working his estate. He had a daugh- 
ter, not unattractive, eighteen years old in 1823, 
who was at that time in the service of Madame 
Mariotte the elder, at Auxerre. Courtecuisse was 
sometimes called by the sobriquet of Courtebotte. — 
The Peasants. 

Courtecuisse (Madame), wife of the preceding, 
trembled before the bailiff Gr^goire Rigou, mayor of 
Blangy. — The Peasants. 

Courtet, bailiff at Arcis-sur-Aube in 1839. — The 
Deputy from Ards. 

CourteviUes (The), a prominent family of 
Douai, whom Maltre Pierquin, notary, when he 
had married Felicite Claes, boasted that he could 

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secure for clients, as well as the Magalhens and the 
Savarons de Savarus. — The Quest of the Absolute. 

Courteville (Madame de), cousin of Comte 
Octave de Bauvan on his mother's side; widow of 
a judge of the tribunal of the Seine; she had a very 
beautiful daughter, Amelie, whom the count wished 
to marry to his secretary, Maurice de THostal. — 

Courtois, miller at Marsac, near Angoulfime, 
under the Restoration. In 1821, it was said that 
he was to marry a rich miller, his employer, a widow 
of thirty-two; she was worth something like a hun- 
dred thousand francs. David Sechard was advised 
by his father to seek the rich widow's hand. In 
1822, Courtois, then married, afforded shelter to 
Lucien de Rubempre, returning from Paris and al^ 
most in a dying condition. — Lost Illusions. 

Courtois (Madame), wife of the preceding, re- 
ceived Lucien de Rubempre with compassion and 
thoughtful kindness. — Lost Illusions. 

Coussard (Laurent). — ^See Laurent Goussard. 

Coutelier, creditor of Maxime de Trailles. The 
Coutelier claim, which was purchased by the firm of 
Claparon-Cerizet for five hundred francs, amounted 
to three thousand two hundred francs, seventy- 
five centimes, principal, interest, and costs; it was 

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collected by Cerizet, by resorting to stratagems 
worthy of Scapin. — A Man of Business. 

Couture, a species of journalist-financier, of 
doubtful reputation, born about 1797. One of Ma- 
dame Schontz's earliest friends; she alone remained 
faithful to him when he was ruined by the fall of the 
ministry of the ist of March, 1840. There was 
always a cover laid for Couture at the courtesan's 
table; it may be that she contemplated making him 
her husband; but he introduced Fabien du Ronceret 
to her, and the " lorette '* married him. In 1836, 
he was present, with Finot and Blondet, in a private 
dining-room of a famous restaurant, at the " dainty 
debauch of the jaws,'* at which Jean-Jacques Bbciou 
told of the origin of Nucingen's fortune. In the 
days of his ephemeral wealth. Couture had kept 
Jenny Cadine in magnificent fashion; for a brief 
moment he was renowned for his waistcoats. Had 
no known relationship to Madame Veuve Couture. — 
Biatrix. — The House ofNucingen. — The financier had 
incurred the hatred of Cerizet by misleading him in 
the matter of the sale of certain land and buildings 
near the Madeleine, a matter in which Jerdme Thuil- 
lier was interested. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Couture, solicitor by whom Fraisier was em- 
ployed at the outset of his career. — Cousin Pons. 

Couture (Madame), widow of an intendant-com- 
missary of the French Republic; a kinswoman and 

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chaperon of Mademoiselle Victorine Taillefer, with 
whom she lived at the pension Vauquer in 1819. — 
Old Goriot 

Couturier (Abb£), incumbent of the church of 
Saint-Leonard at Alencon, under Louis XVill. Was 
Mademoiselle Cormon's confessor^ and continued to 
act in that capacity after her marriage to Du Bous- 
quier, when he incited her to a course of excessive 
macerations. — The Old Maid. — The Cabinet of An- 

Crimi^re, collector of taxes at Nemours under 
the Restoration. Nephew by marriage of Doctor 
Minoret, who had procured the place for him and 
furnished the security; one of the old doctor's three 
collateral heirs: the other two were Minoret-Levrault, 
keeper of the post-house, and Massin-Levrault, clerk 
to the justice of the peace. In the curious radiation 
of these four bourgeois families of the G&tinais, the 
Minor ets, Massins, Levraults, and Cr^mi^res, the col- 
lector belonged to the Cremifere-Crfemi&re branch. He 
had several children, among them a daughter named 
Ang^Iique. — He became a municipal councillor after 
the Revolution of July, 1830, — Ursule Mirouet. 

Crimiire (Madame), born Massin-Massin, wife 
of Cr^mi&re the collector and niece of Doctor Mino- 
ret, that is to say, daughter of a sister of the old 
doctor. A corpulent woman of a muddy-white com- 
plexion, riddled with red blotches, who was sup- 
posed to be well-educated because she read novels. 

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and whose amusing lapsus lingua were unkindly 
circulated by Goupil, tlie notary's clerk, under the 
name of Capsulinguettes, that being Madame Cr6- 
mifere's rendering of the two Latin words. — Ursule 

Crimiire-Dionis, commonly called Dionis. — 
See that name. 

Crcvel, Cfelestin, born between 1786 and 1788; in 
the employ of Cesar Birotteau, the perfumer, first as 
second clerk, then as chief clerk, when Popinot left 
the house in order to set up for himself. In 1819, 
after his employer's failure, he purchased the stock 
and goodwill of the RHne des Roses for five thousand 
seven hundred francs, and made a fortune out of it. 
Under Louis-Philippe, he lived on his income. He 
was captain, then major, in the National Guard, 
officer of the Legion of Honor, and, lastly, mayor 
of one of the arrondissements of Paris — €rgo, a very 
important personage. He had married the daughter 
of a farmer of Brie; having lost his wife in 1833, 
he devoted himself to pleasure, kept Jos^pha Mirah, 
who was stolen from him by his friend Baron Hulot, 
tried to seduce Madame Hulot by way of revenge, 
and ** protected " H^lolse Brisetout. Then he be- 
came enamored of Madame Marneffe, had her for a 
mistress, and married her when she became a widow, 
in 1843. Ii^ May of the same year, Crevel and 
his wife died of a horrible disease communicated 
to Valerie by a negro belonging to the Brazilian 

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Months. — Crevel lived, in 1838, on Rue des Saus- 
sales; at the same time, he owned a petite maison 
on Rue du Dauphin,* where he had arranged a 
secret suite for the reception of Madame Marnelfe; 
he sold this house to Maxime de Trailles. He after- 
ward owned a house on Rue Barbet de Jouy, and 
the estate of Presles, purchased of Madame de S^rizy 
for three millions. He thereupon procured an elec- 
tion to the General Council of Seine-et-Oise. — He 
had by his first marriage a daughter, Celestine, who 
married Victorin Hulot. — Cdsar Birotteau. — Cousin 
Bette. — In 1844-1845, Crevel was a stockholder in 
the theatre of which Gaudissart was the manager. 
— Cousin Pons. — The Crevel constellation whirled 
about in its orbit a satellite, Phileas Beauvisage, 
who tried to copy that triumphant personage in 
every respect. — The Deputy from Ards. — The Beau* 
visage Family. 

Crevel (Cfelestine), daughter of the preceding 
by his first marriage. — See Madame Victorin Hulot. 

Crevel (Madame Celestin), born Valferie Fortin, 
in 181 5, natural daughter of the Comte de Mont- 
cornet, marshal of France; married, first, Marneffe, 
a clerk in the war department, to whom she was 
false with his connivance; and, second, Celestin 
Crevel. She had by Marneffe a legitimate son, 
a puny, repulsive child, named Stanislas. An 

• Part of the present Rue Satat-Roch. extending fron Rs% de RIvoli to Rue 

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intimate friend of Lisbeth Fischer, who employed 
Valerie's irresistible charms for the gratification of 
her hatred for her rich relations. Madame Marneffe 
belonged at one and the same time to Marneffe, 
Montte the Brazilian, Steinbock the Pole, Celestin 
Crevel, and Baron Hulot; she made each of these 
men believe that he was the father of a child which 
she bore in 1841, and which died on coming into 
the world. During this period, she so arranged 
matters as to be surprised by a police agent in 
Crevel's petite maison on Rue du Dauphin; Hector 
Hulot was her companion. — After living with Mar- 
neffe on Rue du Doyenne, in the same house with 
Lisbeth Fischer, — Cousin Bette, — she was installed 
on Rue Vaneau by Baron Hulot; then, by Crevel, 
in a fine house on Rue Barbet-de-Jouy. She died 
in 1843, two days before Celestin. She breathed 
her last ** flirting with God," to use her own ex- 
pression; she bequeathed three hundred thousand 
francs to Hector Hulot by way of restitution. — 
Valerie Marneffe did not lack intellect. The great 
critic Claude Vignon was particularly appreciative 
of her intellectual depravity. — Cousin Bette. 

Crochard, dancer at the Opera in the last half 
of the eighteenth century. As he was accustomed 
to conduct evolutions on the stage, he led with much 
spirit a party of assailants against the Bastille, July 
14, 1789; became an officer, a colonel, and died in 
1814 from wounds received at Lutzen, May 2, 181 3. 
— A Double Family. 

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Crochard (Madame), widow of the preceding. 
She had sung in choruses, in which her huisband 
danced, before the Revolution; in 1815, she was 
living miserably, with her daughter Caroline, in 
Paris, working at the embroidery-frame, in a house 
on Rue du Tourniquet-Saint-Jean,* belonging to 
Molineux. Madame Crochard, being very desirous 
that Caroline should have a ** protector," smiled 
upon the Comte de Granville's passion for her. 
He rewarded her by an annuity of three thousand 
francs, and she died in 1822 in comfortable quarters 
on Rue Saint-Louis, in the Marais. She always 
wore on her breast the cross of the Legion of Honor, 
bestowed on her husband by the Emperor. Sur- 
rounded by a greedy crew, she received in her last 
moments a visit from Abb^ Fontanon, the Comtesse 
de Granville's confessor, and was much disturbed 
by that priest's final step. — A Double Family. 

Crochard (Caroline), born In 1797, daughter of 
the preceding. — ^She was for several years during 
the Restoration the Comte de Granville's mistress; 
she was then called Mademoiselle de Bellefeuille 
from the name of a small property in the Gatinais 
presented to the young woman by an uncle of the 
count, who had conceived a warm affection for her. 
Her lover had established her in a fine apartment on 
Rue Taitbout, in which Esther Gobseck succeeded 
her. Caroline Crochard abandoned Monsieur de 
Granville and an enviable position for an unworthy 

* Destroyed long since by the various Fsmlficatloiis of ttie^HoM de Vllk. 

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youngster named Solvet, who devoured all that she 
possessed. In 1833, reduced to poverty^ and in 
wretched health, she lived on Rue Gaillon in a two- 
storied house of mean aspect. She had, by the 
Comte de Granville, a son and a daughter, Charles 
and Eugenie.—^ Double Family. 

Crochard (Charles), illegitimate son of the 
Comte de Granville and Catherine Crochard. In 
1833, being arrested for complicity in a serious 
robbery, he made a demand upon his father, 
through Eugene de Granville, his half-brother, 
and the count provided Eugene with money to 
save the miserable wretch, if possible. — A Ekmble 
Family. — The robbery was of diamonds belonging 
to the famous actress Mademoiselle Beaumesnil. — 
The Petty Bourgeois. 

Croisier (Du). — See Du Bousquier. 

Croixeau, formerly coachman at the imperial 
court under Bonaparte. Had about forty thousand 
francs a year, a widower, and childless; living on 
Rue Buffault. He was an assiduous customer of 
the bookstall kept by Antonia Chocardelle on Rue 
Coquenard, under Louis-Philippe, and offered to 
marry the "fair lady." — A Man of Business. 

Crottat (Monsieur and Madame), formerly farm* 
ers, father and mother of Crottat the notary; mur- 
dered by thieves, one of whom was the famous 

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Dannepont, alias La Pouraille; the investigation of 
the affair began in May, 1830. — The Last Incarna- 
tion of yautrin. — They were rich, and, according to 
Cesar Birotteau, who seems to have known them, 
Pfere Crottat was **as miserly as a snail." — Cesar 

Crottat (Alexandre), head-clerk to Maltre Ro- 
guin. — He succeeded him in 1819, after that notary's 
flight, and married the daughter of one Lourdois, 
a painting contractor. For a moment, C6sar Birot- 
teau had his eye on him for a son-in-law; he called 
him familiarly Xandrot. Crottat was one of the 
guests at the famous ball given by the perfumer in 
December, 1818. Being on friendly terms with 
Derville the solicitor, with whom he used the great- 
est familiarity, he was commissioned by him to pay 
Colonel Chabert a sort of half-pay. He was at the 
same time Comtesse Ferraud's notary. — Cisar Birot- 
teau. — Colonel Chabert. — He was also the Comte de 
Serizy's notary in 1822, — A Start in Life^ — ^and 
Charles de Vandenesse's; and one evening, in the 
early years of Louis-Philippe, at the marquis's 
table, he was guilty of much maladroit behavior, 
and, without a suspicion of what he was doing, 
reminded his client and Madame d'Aiglemont of 
some very painful episodes.* On his return home, 
he told his wife the whole story, and she adminis- 
tered a severe rebuke. — A Woman of Thirty. — 

*The compHen of the Repertory state in a note that the date of this ^ccur- 
rwce should be ^Iven as at the close of the Restoratioii. 

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Alexandre Crottat signed, with Leopold Hannequin, 
the testament dictated by Sylvain Pons on his death- 
bed. — Cousin Pans. 

Cruchot (Abbe), priest at Saumur, dignitary of 
the chapter of Saint-Martin at Tours, brother of Cru- 
chot the notary, uncle of President Cruchot de Bon- 
fons; the Talleyrand of his family; after long 
preparation, he ended by inducing Eugenie Grandet 
to marry the president, in 1827. — EuginU Grandet 

Cruchot, notary at Saumur under the Restora- 
tion, brother of Abbfe Cruchot, uncle of President 
Cruchot de Bonfons. — He interested himself, as the 
priest did, in bringing about his nephew's marriage 
with Eugenie Grandet; Eugenie's father entrusted 
the lending of his money, and probably all of his 
financial operations, to the notary. — Euginie Grandet. 

Cruchot, real name of President de Bonfons and 
his wife. 

Curel, goldsmith at Paris, colonel in the National 
Guard, invited with his wife and two daughters to 
the famous ball given by C6sar Birotteau, December 
17, 1818.— Qfsar Birotteau. 

Cursy, literary pseudonym of Jean-Francois du 

Curieux (Catherine). — ^See Madame Farrabesche. 

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Cydalise, a superb Norman girl^ from ValogneSi 
arrived in Paris, In 1840, to traffic In her beauty. — 
She was born in 1824, and was therefore only six- 
teen; she served as an instrument in the hands of 
Mont^, the Brazilian, who, to revenge himself on 
Madame Marneffe, become Madame Crevel, caused 
a terrible disease to be communicated to Cydalise 
by one of his negroes; which disease he took from 
her and communicated to his faithless Valerie, who 
died of it, as did her husband. Presumably Cyda- 
lise accompanied Montte to Brazil, the only place 
where that horrible malady can be cured.— Cowsin 

Dallot, mason in the suburbs of Isle- Adam, who 
was to marry an unintelligent peasant girl named 
Genevl&ve, at the beginning of the Restoration. — 
He had sought her hand because of a small property 
which she possessed, but abandoned her for another 
woman with more means and of keener mind. The 
desertion gave Genevifeve such a cruel shock that 
she became an idiot altogether. — Adieu. 

Damaso Pareto (Marquis), noble Genoese, of a 
very Gallic order of intellect, who was present at 
the house of the French consul-general in Genoa, in 
1836, when Comte Octave de Bauvan's conjugal 
misfortunes were discussed. — Honorine. 

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Dannepont, alias La Pouraille, one of the 

murderers of Monsieur and Madame Crottat. — Held 
at the Conciergerie in 1830, under sentence of death 
for that crime; a discharged convict, wanted by the 
police for other crimes, for five years. Born about 
1785, he had been sent to the galleys at the age of 
nineteen; had known Jacques Collin — Vautrin— ^ 
there. Riganson, Sel6rier, and he formed a sort of 
triumvirate. A short man, gaunt and thin, with the 
face of a polecat. — TTie Last Incarnation of f^autrin. 

Dauphin, pastry-cook in a small way at Arcis- 
sur*Aube; a notorious republican. — In 1830, at a 
meeting of electors, he questioned Sallenauve, the 
candidate for Deputy, concerning Danton. — The 
Deputy from Arcis. 

Dauriat, publisher at Paris, in the Wooden Gal- 
lery,* Palais-Royal, under the Restoration. He 
gave Lucien de Rubempr^, who had ** pulverized " 
a book of Nathan's, three thousand francs for his 
Marguerites, a collection of sonnets, and published it 
long after, with a success which the author de- 
clared to be posthumous, to all intent. Dauriat's 
shop was the rendezvous of the writers and poll- 
ticians most in vogue at the time. — Lost Illusions. — 
Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — Being the 
publisher of Canalis's book, Dauriat received from 
Modeste Mignon, in 1829, a request for certain 
private information concerning the poet, to which 

•Now GiUtrIt d'OrUftOs. 

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he made a sarcastic reply. — Dauriat would say« 
speaking of famous literary men: " I made Canalis; 
I made Nathan." — Modeste Mignon. 

David (Madame), a woman in the outskirts of 
Brives, died of the fright caused by the chauffeurs 
in the time of the Directory, when they bound her 
husband's feet.— T^ft^ yiUage Curd. 

Delbecq, secretary and steward to Comte Fer- 
raud, under the Restoration. — Formerly a solicitor. 
A more than clever man, ambitious, and entirely 
devoted to the countess, whom he assisted with his 
advice in ridding herself of Colonel Chabert, when 
that officer demanded his conjugal rights. — Colonel 

Delignon (J.-P.), professor of rhetoric at the 
communal school of Arcis-sur-Aube, under Louis- 
Philippe. — Officer of the University, author of a 
little book on ** Funeral Ceremonies Among the 
Romans,'' which procured for him his admission to 
the Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Belles-Lettres 
of Troyes; he wrote, in 1839, a necrological article 
on Grevin the notary, in the Impartial de rAube. — 
The Comte de Sallenauve. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Delsouq, famous robber under the Restoration; 
pupil of the very illustrious Dannepont, alias La 
Pouraille, whom he sometimes allowed to take his 
name. — The Last Incarnation of l^autrin. 

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Denisart, assumed name under which Cerizet, 
disguised as an old man, ex-soldier, ex-customs offi- 
cer, chevalier of the Legion of Honor, smuggled 
himself into Antonia Chocardelle's book store, and 
succeeded in deceiving the suspicious Maxime de 
Trailles, and extorting from him, by a shrewd ma- 
noeuvre, the whole amount of a debt which was 
deemed impossible of collection. — A Man of Busi" 

Derville, solicitor at Paris, Rue Vivienne,* from 
1819 to 1840; born in 1794, the seventh child of a 
petty bourgeois of Noyon. — In 1816, being then 
only a second clerk, he lived on Rue des Gres, — 
now Rue Cujas, — ^and had for a neighbor the famous 
usurer Gobseck, who, at a later period, lent him 
a hundred and fifty thousand francs at fifteen per 
cent., with which he purchased the office of his 
employer, a man given over to dissipation and 
reduced to want. Through Gobseck he became 
acquainted with Jenny Malvaut, whom he married; 
through the same channel he learned the secrets of 
the Restauds. In the winter of 1829 and 1830, he 
described their misfortunes before the Vicomtesse 
de Grandlieu. Derville had restored the fortunes 
of that female representative of the Grandlieus of 
the younger branch, at the time of the return of the 
Bourbons, and he was received as a friend at her 
house.— Gobseck. — He had been a clerk in Bordin's 

* There was for a lone: time a Rue Neuve- Vivienne also, a section of the 
present Rue Vivienne between ttie Bourse and Boulevard Montmartre. 

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office. — A Start in Life. — A Dark Affair. — He acted 
as solicitor for Colonel Chabert in demanding his 
legal rights over Comtesse Ferraud; he became 
deeply interested in the old officer, assisted him, 
and was much grieved, years afterward, when he 
found him in the hospital at Bic6tre, a gibbering 
Idiot, — Colonel Chabert. — Derville was also the so- 
licitor of the Comte de Serizy, of Madame de Nucin- 
gen, and of the Dues de Grandlieu and de Chau- 
lieu, whose entire confidence he possessed. In 1830, 
under the name of Saint-Denis, he made an inves- 
tigation, in conjunction with Corentin, into Lucien 
de Rubempr^'s real resources, visiting, for that pur- 
pose, the Sechards at Angoul^me. — Old Goriot. — 
Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Derville (Madame), born Jenny Malvaut, wife 
of Derville the solicitor; a Parisian girl, although 
born in the country. — In 1826, she was living alone 
on the fifth floor of a dismal house on Rue de Mont- 
martre, leading a most secluded life, and earning 
her livelihood; Gobseck had occasion to go there 
to see her, to collect a note signed by her; he men- 
tioned her to Derville, who married her, portionless 
as she was. She subsequently inherited from her 
uncle, a wealthy farmer, seventy thousand francs, 
which assisted her husband to repay the Gobseck 
loan. — Gobseck. — Being desirous to attend the famous 
ball given by Cesar Birotteau, December 17, 1818, 
she made an unexpected call upon the perfumer's 
wife; she made a most favorable impression on her 

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and on Mademoiselle Birotteau, and she was invited 
to the festivity with her husband. In the years 
before her marriage, when she was a seamstress, 
she had worked for the Birotteaus. — Cisar Bkotteau. 

Deschamps, name assumed by Sallenauve at 
the time of his stay in South America, because of 
his distaste for the name imposed on him. — The Beau- 
visage Family. 

Descoings (Monsieur and Madame), father- 
in-law and mother-in-law of Doctor Rouget, of 
Issoudun. — Commission merchants in wool, who 
undertook to sell for the farmers and buy for trades- 
men the fleeces of Berry. They also bought na- 
tional property. They were rich and miserly; they 
died, at an interval of two years, during the Repub- 
lic, but before 1799.—/^ Rabouilleuse. 

Descoings, son of the preceding, younger 
brother of Madame Rouget, the doctor's wife; 
grocer at Paris, in Rue Saint-Honorfe, not far from 
Robespierre's abiding-place. — Descoings had mar- 
ried, for love, the widow of Bixiou his predecessor, 
a woman some twelve years older than he, but 
well-preserved and ** plump as a thrush after har- 
vest" — He was accused of forestalling, and was 
sent to the scaffold, with Andre Chfenier, on the 7th 
Thermidor, year II., — July 25, 1794: — ^the grocer's 
death caused more sensation than the poet's. Cesar 
Birotteau removed the perfumer's stock of the Reine 

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des Roses to Descoings's shop, about 1800; the be- 
headed man's immediate successor did an unprofita- 
ble business there; the inventor of eau carminative 
ruined himself. — La RabouiUeuse. 

Descoings (Madame), born in 1744, survived 
two husbands, one of whom succeeded the other in 
the same grocer's shop on Rue Saint-Honore, Paris, 
Messieurs Bixiou and Descoings; grandmother of 
Jean-Jacques Bixiou, the caricaturist. — After the 
death of Monsieur Bridau, chief of division in 
the department of the interior, Madame Veuve Des- 
coings, in 1 819, took up her abode with her niece, 
Madame Veuve Bridau, born Agathe Rouget; she 
contributed six thousand francs a year to the com- 
mon purse. A most excellent woman, known in 
her prime as **the lovely grocer;" she managed the 
household, but she had a mania for investing in 
the lottery, always taking the same figures: — ^she 
cherished a "combination;" she ended by ruining 
her niece, who had blindly placed her all in her 
hands, but she atoned for her foolish conduct by 
absolute devotion, continuing, nevertheless, to stake 
her money on the fateful combination. Her savings 
were stolen from her mattress one day by Philippe 
Bridau, so that she was unable to make her usual 
investment in the lottery. On that day, the famous 
combination won. Madame Descoings died of grief, 
December 31, 1821; had it not been for the theft, 
she would have become a millionaire. — La RabouiU 

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Desfondrilles, substitute magistrate at Provins 
under the Restoration; appointed president of the 
court in the same town under Louis-Philippe; an 
old fellow who was more of an archaeologist than a 
magistrate, a shrewd man who was amused by the 
intrigues going on before his eyes; he had left 
the party of the Tiphaines for the Liberal party led 
by Vinet the advocate, — Pierrette. 

Deslandes, surgeon at Azay-le-Rideau in 1817. — 
Was called to Madame de Mortsauf to bleed her, and 
saved her life by that operation. — The Uly of the 

Desmarets (Jules), broker at Paris under the 
Restoration; a hard-working, upright man, whose 
early life had been hard and poor, — He fell in love, 
when he was a mere clerk, with a charming young 
girl whom he met at his employer's, and married 
her notwithstanding the irregularity of her birth; 
with funds furnished by his wife's mother, he was 
able to buy the business of the broker whose clerk 
he was, and for several years was very happy with 
a love which was reciprocated, and in most com- 
fortable circumstances, — he had about two hundred 
and fifty thousand francs a year. — In 1820, he and 
his wife lived in a large house on Rue Menars. 
Soon after his marriage, he killed in a duel, without 
Madame Desmarets's knowledge, a man who had 
slandered her. The perfect happiness which this 
well-assorted couple enjoyed came to a sudden end 

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with the death of the wife, wounded to the heart 
by suspicions which her husband for a moment 
entertained of her fidelity. — Desmarets, after his 
wife's death, sold his practice to Martin Falleix's 
brother, and left Paris in despair. — History of the 
Thktun: Ferragus. — Monsieur and Madame Des- 
roarets were invited to the famous bail given by 
Cesar Birotteau in 1818; after the perfumer's fail- 
ure, the broker obligingly gave him valuable advice 
as to the investment of the funds which he had 
laboriously saved, with the view of paying his 
creditors in full.— Gf^Jf Birotteau. 

Desmarets (Madame Jules), wife of the prece- 
ding, natural child of Bourignard, called Ferragus, 
and of a married woman supposed to be her god- 
mother. — She had no civil status; when she married 
Jules Desmarets, her name, Cl^mence, and her age 
were proved by notarial certificate. Madame Des- 
marets was, in her own despite, beloved by a young 
officer of the Garde Royale, Auguste de Maulincour. 
— ^She was on visiting terms with the Nucingens. — 
Her secret visits to her father, a mysterious man of 
whose existence her husband knew nothing, caused 
the utter overthrow of their happiness; Desmarets 
believed that she was false to him, and she died be- 
cause of his suspicions, in 1820 or 1821. Clemence's 
body, which was burled at first in P&re-Lachaise, 
was subsequently exhumed, burned, and the ashes 
sent to Jules Desmarets, by Bourignard, assisted by 
twelve friends, in order to allay by this means the 

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most poignant of conjugal sorrow. — History of the 
Thirteen: Ferragus. — Monsieur and Madame Des- 
marets were often spoken of as Monsieur and Madame 
Jules. At the Birotteau ball, Madame Desmarets 
was the loveliest of all the women, in the opinion of 
the perfumer's wife herself. — CUsar Birotteau. 

Desmarets, notary at Paris, under the Restora- 
tion; older brother of Jules Desmarets the broker. 
— The notary had been established in business by 
his brother, who had become rich very rapidly. He 
received his brother's last will. He accompanied 
him to the obsequies of Madame Desmarets. — His- 
tory of the Thirteen: Ferragus. 

Desplein, illustrious surgeon at Paris, born about 
the middle of the eighteenth century. — Of a poor, 
provincial family, he had a very hard youth, and 
succeeded in passing his examinations only by 
means of the assistance of his neighbor in poverty, 
Bourgeat the water-carrier. He lived with him two 
years, on the sixth floor of a wretched house on 
Rue des Quatre-Vents, where the Cenacle was 
afterward founded in the rooms of Daniel d'Arthez; 
a house which came to be called ** the den of great 
men." Desplein, being ejected by the landlord, 
whom he was unable to pay, next took up his quar- 
ters with his friend the Auvergnat, in Cour de 
Rohan, Passage du Commerce. Admitted as intern 
at the Hdtel-Dieu, he was able to show his appreci- 
ation of Bourgeat's generosity by caring for him like 

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a devoted son in his last illness; and under the 
Empire, he founded, in honor of that simple-minded 
man, who was a professed Catholic, a mass to be 
^aid four times a year at Saint-Sulpice, and himself 
attended with religious regularity, although a deter- 
mined atheist. — The AthtisVs Mass. — In 1806, Des- 
plein had given up for dead an old bachelor, then 
fifty-six years of age, who was still alive in 1846. — 
Cousin Pons. — The surgeon was present at the death, 
caused by despair, of Monsieur Chardon, ex-military 
surgeon. — Lost Illusions. — Desplein attended, in their 
last moments, Madame Jules Desmarets, who died in 
182a or 1821, and chief of division Flamet de la Bil- 
lardifere, in 1824. — History of the Thirteen: Ferragus. 
— The Civil Service. — In March, 1828, at Provins, he 
trepanned Pierrette Lorrain. — Pierrette. — In the same 
year, he performed a very bold operation on Madame 
Philippe Bridau, in whom the excessive use of strong 
liquors had developed a "magnificent disease,'' 
which was supposed to have disappeared from the 
earth. The operation was described in the Gazette 
des Ht^taux; but the subject died. — La Rabouil- 
leuse. — In 1829, Desplein was called to Vanda de 
Mergi, Baron de Bourlac's daughter. — The Other 
Side of Contemporaneous History. — In the latter part 
of the same year, he operated successfully on Ma- 
dame Mignon, who had become blind, and was' 
subsequently, in February, 1830, one of Modeste 
Mignon's witnesses at the time of her marriage to 
Ernest de la Brifere. — Modeste Mignon, — Early in 
the same year, 1830, he was called by Corentin to 

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Baron de Nucingen, languishing for love of Esther 
Gobseck, and to the Comtesse de Serizy after 
Lucien de Rubempre's suicide, — Splendors and Mis- 
cries of Courtesans. — The Last Incarnation of Van- 
trin. — He seems to have been present, with his 
pupil Bianchon, when Madame de Bauvan was at 
the point of death, late in 1830 or early in 1831. — 
Honorine. — Desplein had an only daughter, whose 
marriage to the Prince de Loudon was arranged 
in 1829. 

Desroches, clerk in the department of the inte- 
rior, under the Empire; a friend of the elder Bridau, 
who had obtained his place for him, — He continued 
to live on friendly terms with the widow of his 
friend, at whose house he met his colleagues, Mes- 
sieurs du Bruel and Claparon, almost every evening. 
A hard, unprepossessing man, who, despite his tal- 
ents, had been unable to reach the position of deputy 
chief; he earned only eighteen hundred francs a 
year, and his wife twelve hundred with an office 
for the sale of stamps. Being placed on the retired 
list after the second return of Louis XVIiL, he talked 
of accepting a position as chief of a department in 
an insurance office, as soon as his pension was 
adjusted. In 1821, notwithstanding his by no 
means soft-hearted disposition, he exerted himself 
with much zeal and adroitness to help Philippe 
Bridau out of a scrape in which he had involved 
himself by borrowing from the cash-drawer of the 
newspaper on which he was employed; and he 

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succeeded in procuring the acceptance of his resig- 
nation without scandal. Desroches, a man of excel- 
lent judgment, was Madame Bridau's last remaining 
friend, after the death of Messieurs Claparon and 
du Bruel. He was an enthusiastic fisherman. — La 

Desroches (Madame), wife of the preceding. — 
In 1826, being then a widow, she sought Mademoi- 
selle Matifat's hand for her son the solicitor. — Vu 
House of Nucingen. 

Desroches, son of the preceding, born about 
i795f brought up with great severity by an ex- 
tremely stern parent. He entered Derville's office 
as fourth clerk in 18 18, and was promoted to be 
second clerk in the following year. At Derville's, 
he saw Colonel Chabert. In 1821 or 1822, he pur- 
chased the office of a solicitor without practice on 
Rue de Bethizy.* Being cunning and clever, he 
soon had clients, especially men of letters, artists, 
theatrical women, famous lorettes, and fashionable 
Bohemians. He acted as adviser to Agathe and 
Joseph Bridau, and also gave Philippe Bridau some 
valuable counsel when he started for Issoudun about 
1822. — La RabouiUeuse.'-^olonel Chabert.--A Start 
in Life. — The Comte de Sallenauve. — Desroches was 
Charles de Vandenesse's solicitor in his litigation 
with his brother Felix; he also acted for Madame 
d'Espard in her attempt to have her husband placed 

• DiMppMrtd In th« txttnslons of Ra« de RivoU fron iS$a to i8ss- 

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under guardianship, and for the secretary-general, 
Chardin des Lupeaulx, whom he advised most 
astutely. — A IVoman of Thirty* — The Interdiction. — 
The Civil Service. — Lucien de Rubempr^ consulted 
him at the time of the seizure of his mistress Cora- 
lie's furniture, in 1822. — Lost ttlusians. — Vautrin ap- 
preciated the solicitor's talents; he said that he could 
be trusted to " make over *' the estate of Rubempr6, 
to add to its value, and thus to provide for the thirty 
thousand francs a year which would probably have 
enabled Lucien to marry Clotilde de Grandlieu. 
— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — In 1826, 
Desroches was momentarily a suitor for the hand 
of Malvina d'Aldrigger. — The House of Nucingen. — 
About 1840, he described at Mademoiselle Margue- 
rite Turquet's, — Malaga, — ^then kept by Cardot the 
notary, and in the presence of the notary's guests, 
Bixiou, Lousteau, and Nathan, the stratagems em- 
ployed by Cferizet to extort the full amount of a 
debt from Maxime de Trailles. — A Man of Busi-- 
ness. — Desroches was, by the way, employed by 
Cerizet, who had a falling-out with Th^dose de 
la Peyrade in 1840; he also represented the in- 
terests of Sauvaignou the contractor at the same 
time. — The Petty Bourgeois. — Desroches's office 
seems to have been at one time on Rue de Buci. — 
La Rahouilleuse. 

Desroys, clerk in the department of finance, in 
Baudoyer's bureau, under the Restoration. — Son of 
a member of the Convention who had not voted for 

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the king's death, republican, and friend of Michel 
Chrestien, he held aloof from all his colleagues, and 
kept his affairs so entirely secret that none of them 
knew where he lived. Discharged in December, 
1824, because of his opinions, on the denunciation 
of Dutocq. — The Civil Service. 

Desroziers, musician, winner of the prix de 
Rome, died in that city, of typhoid fever, in 1836. — 
A friend of Dorlange the sculptor, to whom he 
told the story of Zambinella, Sarrasine's death, 
and the Comte de Lanty's marriage: Desroziers 
gave lessons in harmony to Marianina, the count's 
daughter. The musician urged his friend, who 
was temporarily in great need of money, to under- 
take a copy of a statue of Adonis, in which Zam- 
binella's features were reproduced, and he induced 
Monsieur de Lanty to buy the copy. — The Deputy 
from Arcis. 

Desroziers, printer at Moulins, — Department of 
Allier. — At some time after 1830, he printed in a 
small i8mo volume the works of "Jan Diaz, son of 
a Spanish prisoner, born in 1807 at Bourges." This 
volume was preceded by a notice of Jan Diaz by 
Monsieur de Clagny. It contained an elegy: 7ns- 
tesse; two poems: Paquita la SeviUane^ and Le ChBne 
delaMesse; three sonnets; a novel entitled Carola, 
etc. — The Muse of the Department. 

Destofurny. — See Estourny (D'). 

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Dcy (Comtesse de), born about 1755. — Widow of 
a lieutenant-general, living in retirement at Caren- 
tan, — ^Manche, — she died suddenly there, in Novem- 
ber, 1795, of a great shock to her maternal affection. 
— The Conscript. 

Dcy (Auguste, Comte de), Madame de Dey's only 
son. — Appointed lieutenant of dragoons at eighteen, 
he had obeyed the call of honor and followed the 
princes out of the country. He was worshipped by 
his mother, who had remained in France in order to 
preserve his fortune. He had taken part in the 
Granville expedition; being taken prisoner as a 
result of that affair, he had written his mother that 
he should be at her house within three days, in dis- 
guise, after escaping from his prison. But he was 
shot in the Morbihan, at the precise moment that 
his mother died of the shock caused by receiving, 
instead of her son, the conscript Julien Jussieu. — 
The Conscript. 

Diard (Pierre-Francois), born in the neighborhood 
of Nice; son of a provost of merchants; quarter- 
master of the Sixth of the line in 1808, then major 
in the Garde Imperiale; retired with the latter rank 
as the result of a serious wound received in Ger- 
many; afterward, promoter and man of business; a 
desperate gambler. Husband of Juana Mancini, who 
had been Captain Montefiore's mistress, the cap- 
tain being Diard's most intimate friend. In 1823, 
at Bordeaux, Diard, reduced to extremities, killed 
Montefiore, whom he had met by chance, for the 

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purpose of robbing him. On his return home, he 
confessed his crime to his wife, who vainly implored 
him to kill himself, and at last blew out his brains 
with a pistol. — The Maranas. 

Diard (Maria-Juana-Pepita), daughter of La 
Marana, a Venetian courtesan, and of a young 
Italian nobleman, Mancini, who acknowledged her. 
— ^Wife of Pierre-Francois Diard, whom she ac- 
cepted for a husband at her mother's command, 
after having abandoned herself to Montefiore, who 
refused to marry her. Juana, who had been 
brought up most austerely, in the family of the 
Spaniard Perez de Lagounia, at Tarragona, bore 
her father's name; she was descended from a long 
line of courtesans, of a purely female ancestry, in 
which no legal marriage had ever taken place; she 
had their blood in her veins; she showed it uncon- 
sciously by the way in which she gave herself to 
Montefiore. Although she did not love her husband, 
she was strictly faithful to him, none the less; and 
she killed him for his honor's sake. She had two 
children. — The Maranas. 

Diard (Juan), Madame Diard's first child. — He 
came into the world seven months after his mother's 
marriage and may have been Montefiore's child. 
He closely resembled Juana, who lavished her 
caresses on him in secret, while she pretended to 
prefer her younger son. With "a sort of admir- 
able flattery," Diard had made Juan his favorite. 
— The Maranas. 

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Diard (Francisque), second son of the Diards, 
born in Paris. — He was the image of his father, 
and| in appearance only, his mother's favorite. — 
The Maranas. 

Diaz (Jan), pseudonym with which Madame 
Dinah de la Baudraye signed an eccentric poem, 
published in the Echo du Marvan, and entitled 
Paquita la SMllane; also a volume printed by Des- 
roziers at Moulins in 1830. — The Muse of the Depart" 

Diodati, name of the owner of a villa on Lake 
Geneva in 1823-1824. — A character In a novel, 
Ambitious Through Uyoe^ published In the Revue 
de VEst, by Albert Savarus, in 18^.— Albert 


Dionis, notary at Nemours, from 181 3 or there- 
about until early in the reign of Louis-Philippe. — 
He was a CrSmifrre-Dionis, but was commonly called 
by the second name alone. — A shrewd, false man, 
secretly associated with Massin-Levrault in lending 
money at usurious rates, he interested himself in 
Doctor Minoret's inheritance, and advised the old 
physician's three heirs. After the Revolution of 
1830, he was chosen mayor of Nemours in the place 
of Monsieur Levrault, and became a member of the 
Chamber of Deputies about 1837. He was there- 
after received at the court balls with his wife, and 
Madame Dionis was " enthroned " in the little town 

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"by the aid of the throne." They had at least 
one daughter. — Lfrsule Mirouet. — Dionis was in the 
habit of breakfasting unceremoniously with Rasti- 
gnac, minister of public works from 1839 to 1845. — 
The Deputy from Arcis. — The Comte de Sallenauve. 
— The Beauvisage Family. 

Doguereau, publisher at Paris, Rue du Coq, in 
1821, and from the beginning of the century; for- 
merly professor of rhetoric. — ^Lucien de Rubempre 
offered him his Archer de Charles IX.; but as the 
publisher would give no more than four hundred 
francs, the negotiations came to nothing. — Lost Illu- 

Doisy, concierge at the Lepltre Institution in the 
Marais, about 1814, when Felix de Vandenesse went 
there to finish his education. — The young man be- 
came indebted to Doisy in the sum of one hundred 
francs, and thereby incurred a most severe rebuke 
from his mother. — The Lily of the l^alley. 

Dominis (Abbfe de), priest at Tours under the 
Restoration; tutor of Jacques de Mortsauf. — The Lily 
of the yaUey. 

Dommanget, famous accoucheur at Paris, in the 
time of Louis-Philippe. — Called, in 1840, to Madame 
Calyste du Guenic, whom he had delivered, and in 
whom a sudden disclosure of her husband's infidelity 
had caused a very serious condition; for she was 

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nursing her son at that time. Dommanget, being 
taken into his patient's confidence, treated and 
cured her by purely moral remedies. — Beatrix. 

Doni (Massimilla). — See Princess of Varese. 

Dorlange (Charles), Sallenauve's original name. 
— See Sallenauve. 

Dorlonia (Due). — See Torlonia. 

Dorsonval (Madame), bourgeoise of Saumur, 
friend of Monsieur and Madame des Grassins, during 
the Restoration. — Euginie Grandet. 

Doublet, second clerk to Desroches the solicitor, 
in 1822. — A Start in life. 

Doublon (Victor-Ange-Hermfen^gilde), bailiff at 
AngoulSme, under the Restoration. — He served pro- 
cess on David Sechard for the brothers Cointet. — 
Lost Illusions. 

Drake (Sir Francis), manager of the Italian 
theatre, London, in 1839. — He had for prima donna 
Luigia, who succeeded Serboni. — The Comte de Sal- 

Duberghe, wine-merchant at Bordeaux, of whom 
Nucingen, in 181 5, before the battle of Waterloo, 
bought one hundred and fifty thousand bottles of 

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his wines at thirty sous a bottle; the banker sold 
them at six francs each to the allies, between 1817 
and 1819. — Vte House of Nucingen. 

Dubourdieu, born about 180$, symbolical painter, 
disciple of Fourier, chevalier of the Legion of Honor. 
In 1845, ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ accosted at the corner of 
Rue Neuve-Vivienne by his friend Leon de Lora, 
whereupon he proceeded to set forth his views on 
art and philosophy before Gazonal and Bixiou, who 
were with the illustrious painter of landscapes. — 
The Iftvoluntary Comedians. 

Dubut, of Caen, tradesman, related to Messieurs 
de Boisfranc, de Boisfrelon, and de Boislaurler, also 
Dubuts, whose grandfather sold linen. — Dubut of 
Caen, being included in the prosecution of the 
chauffeurs of Mortagne, in 1809, was sentenced to 
death by default. — Under the Restoration, he hoped 
that, because of his devotion to the royal cause, he 
would be permitted to succeed to the title of Mon- 
sieur de Boisfranc. Louis XVIII. made him grand 
provost in 181 5, and, later, procureur-general under 
the coveted title; he died first president of one of 
the royal courts. — The Other Side of Contemporaneous 

Ducange (Victor), French novelist and play- 
wright, born in 1783, at La Haye, died in 1833; one 
of the collaborators in Trente Ans or la kle d'Un 
Joueur, and sole author of Lionide or la yieiUe de 

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Suresnes. Victor Ducange was present at Brau- 
lard's, leader of the claque, in 1821, at a dinner, at 
which Adfele Dupuis, FrWeric Dupetit-Mer6, and 
Mademoiselle Millot, Braulard's mistress, were also 
present.— Z/>s/ Illusions. 

Dudley (Lord), statesman, one of the most dis- 
tinguished of the older members of the British peer- 
age, domiciled in Paris since 18 16; husband of Lady 
Arabella Dudley; natural father of Henri de Marsay, 
to whom he gave little thought, and who became 
Arabella's lover. — He was a ** profoundly immoral" 
individual and reckoned among his numerous ille- 
gitimate progeny Euphemia Porraberil, and among 
the women he kept, a certain Hortense, who lived 
on Rue Tronchet. Lord Dudley, before settling In 
France, lived in his native land, with two sons 
born in lawful wedlock, who bore a striking resem- 
blance to De Marsay. — The Lily of the Valley. — His- 
tory of the Thirteen: The Girl with Golden Eyes. — 
A Man of Business. — Lord Dudley, not long after 
1830, was present at a rout at Mademoiselle des 
Touches's, where Marsay, then prime minister, 
described his first love-affair; and the two states- 
men exchanged some profound reflections. — Another 
Study of IVoman.— In 1834, he attended, by chance, 
a grand ball given by his wife, and played cards in 
her salon with bankers, ambassadors, and ex-min- 
isters. — A Daughter of Eve. 

Dudley (Lady Arabella), wife of the preceding, 
of an illustrious English family, in which there had 

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been no mesalliance since the conquest; immensely 
rich; one of those ladies who are half sovereigns; 
the idol of fashionable Parisian society under the 
Restoration. — She lived apart from her husband, 
with whom she had left two sons strongly resem- 
bling De Marsay, whose mistress she had been. 
She tore Felix de Vandenesse from Madame de 
Mortsauf's arms, so to speak, and thus caused that 
virtuous woman's despair. She was born, she said, 
in Lancashire, where women die of love. — The Uly 
of the Valley. — In the early years of the reign of 
Charles X., during the summer at all events, she 
lived at the village of Chitenay, near Sceaux. — 
The Danu at Sceaux. Raphael de Valentin desired 
her and would have sought to possess her, had he 
not dreaded the diminution of the magic skin. — The 
Magic Skin. — In 1832, she was present at an even- 
ing party at Madame d'Espard's, where the Duchesse 
de Maufrigneuse was " slaughtered " in the presence 
of D'Arthez, who was in love with her. — The Secrets 
of La Princesse de Cadignan. — Being very jealous of 
Madame Felix de Vandenesse, her former lover's 
wife, in 1834-1835, she plotted with Madame de 
Listomire and Madame d'Espard to drive the young 
woman into the arms of the poet Nathan, whom she 
would have liked to be even uglier than he was. 
She said to Madame Felix de Vandenesse: *' Mar- 
riage, my child, is our purgatory; love is our para- 
dise." — A Daughter of Eve. — Lady Dudley, in a 
spirit of vengeance, caused Lady Brandon to die of 
grief. — Memoirs of Two Young IVioes. 

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Dufau, justice of the peace in a village in the 
neighborhood of Grenoble, of which Doctor Benassis 
was mayor under the Restoration; a tall, thin man, 
with gray hair, always dressed in black. — He assisted 
the doctor very materially in his task of improving 
the condition of the village — The Country Doctor. 

Dufaure (Jules-Armand-Stanislas), French advo- 
cate and politician; born December 4, 1798, at Sau- 
jon, — Charente-Inf^rieure, — died, a member of the 
Academy, at Rueil, in the summer of 1881; friend 
and fellow-student of Louis Lambert and Barchou de 
Penhoen at the college of Vendftme in 181 1. — Louis 

Duineff, Prankish name, common to the families 
of Cinq-Cygne and Chargeboeuf . — A Dark Affair. 

Dulmen, branch of a Rivaudoult d'Arschoot 
family, of Galicia, with which Armand de Montri- 
veau was connected. — History of the Thirteen: La 
Duchesse de Langeais. 

Dumay (Anne-Francois-Bernard), born at Vannes 
in 1777. — Son of an evil-minded advocate, president 
of a revolutionary tribunal under the Republic, who 
died on the scaffold after the gth Thermklor. — His 
mother having died of grief, Anne Dumay enlisted, 
in 1799, and was sent to the army of Itaty. He 
retired at the fall of the Empire, with the rank of 
lieutenant, and attached himself to the person 

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of Charles Mignon, whom he had known in the 
early days of his military service. Being entirely 
devoted to his friend, who had, indeed, saved his life 
at Waterloo, he assisted him zealously in his com- 
mercial undertakings, and watched faithfully over 
Madame and Mademoiselle Mignon, during a pro- 
longed absence of the head of the family, who was 
suddenly ruined. Mignon, returning from America 
wealthy, gave Dumay a goodly share of his fortune. 
— Modeste Mignon. 

Dumay (Madame), born Grummer, wife of the 
preceding. — A charming little woman, an American, 
whom Dumay married during a trip to America for 
his friend and employer Charles Mignon, under the 
Restoration. Having had the misfortune to lose 
several children at their birth, and being forbidden 
to hope for more, she devoted herself entirely to 
Mignon's two daughters. Like her husband, she 
was absolutely loyal to the Mignon family. — Modeste 

Dumets, under-clerk to Desroches, solicitor, in 
1822. — A Start in Life. 

Dupetit-M6r6 (Freddie), born at Paris in 1785, 
died in 1827; a dramatic author who had his day of 
celebrity. — Under the name of Frederic, he pro- 
duced, either alone or in collaboration with Ducange, 
Rougemont, Brazier, etc., a vast number of melo- 
dramas, farces, and spectacular plays. In 1821, he 
was present at a dinner at Braulard's, — chief of 

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claque, — with Ducange, Ad^le Dupuis, and Made- 
moiselle Millot. — Lost Illusions. 

Duplanty (Abbe), vicar of the church of Saint- 
Francois at Paris; summoned by Schmucke, in April, 
174$, he administered extreme unction to the dying 
Pons, who recognized him and was deeply touched 
by his kindness. — Cousin Pons. 

Duplay (Madame), wife of a carpenter on Rue 
Honorfe, with whom Robespierre lived; a customer 
of Oescoings the grocer, whom she denounced as a 
forestaller. — ^That denunciation led to the grocer's 
imprisonment, and death on the scaffold. — La Ra- 

Dupotet, a banker, in a small way, at Croisic, 
under the Restoration. — He had in his hands Pierre 
Cambremer's modest patrimony^ — A Seashore 

Dupuis, notary in Saint-Jacques quarter, under 
Louis-Philippe; made a great affectation of piety; 
church-warden of his parish. He had in his custody 
the savings of a large number of servants. Thfeo- 
dose de la Peyrade, who drummed up contributions 
for him in that special walk of life, induced Madame 
Lambert, Monsieur Picot's housekeeper, to place 
twenty-five thousand francs, which she had saved 
at her master's expense, in the hands of Dupuis, 
the virtuous man, who immediately became bank- 
rupt. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

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Dupuis (Ad^e), Parisian actress, who played 
jeunes premiers rftles at the Galte for many years and 
with brilliant success; she was a guest at dinner, in 
1821, of Braulard, the chief of claque, with Ducange, 
Frederic Dupetit-Mer6, and Mademoiselle Millot, 
Braulard's mistress. — Lost Illusions. 

Durand, real name of the Chessels. — The name 
of Chessel was borrowed from Madame Durand, who 
was born Chessel. The good people of Tours at 
the time of the Restoration considered Monsieur de 
Chessel far from ** en Durand,** that is to say, far 
from ** endurant/' — The Uly of the Galley. 

Duret (Abbe), cure of Sancerre under the Restora- 
tion; an old man of the old school of clergy. — A man 
accustomed to good society, a regular member of 
Madame de la Baudraye's circle, where he gratified 
his taste for gambling. Being very keen-witted, 
Duret exposed Monsieur de la Baudraye's true char- 
acter to his young wife; he advised her to seek 
refuge from the bitterness of her married life in 
literature. — Vie Muse of the Department. 

Duriau, famous accoucheur at Paris. — Assisted 
by Bianchon, he delivered Madame de la Baudraye, 
at Lousteau's apartments, in 1837, of a son, of whom 
the journalist was the father. — The Muse of the De- 

Durieu, cook and factotum at the chateau of 
Cinq-Cygne under the Consulate. — An old and 

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loyal retainer, wholly devoted to his mistress, 
Laurence de Cinq-Cygne, whose fortunes he had 
always followed. He was married; his wife was 
housekeeper at the chateau. — A Dark Affair. 

Duroc (G^rard-Christophe-Michel), Due de 
Frioul, grand marshal of the palace under Napo- 
leon, born at Pont-i-Mousson in 1772, killed on the 
battle-field in 181 3. — On October 13, 1806, the day 
before the battle of Jena, he ushered the Marquis 
de Chargeboeuf and Laurence de Cinq-Cygne into 
the Emperor's presence.—^ Dark Affair. In April, 
181 3, he took part in a review on Place du Car- 
rousel, and Napoleon made some remark to him on 
the subject of Mademoiselle de Chatillonest, whom 
he noticed in the crowd, which remark made the 
grand marshal smile. — A Woman of Thirty. 

Durut (Jean-Francois), a malefactor whom Pru- 
dence Servien, by her testimony at the Assizes, 
helped to convict and to sentence to the galleys. 
Durut swore, in the presence of the court, that he 
would kill Prudence as soon as he was free; but 
he was executed at the galleys at Toulon four years 
later, in 1829. Jacques Collin, in order to gain 
Prudence's gratitude, boasted that he had set her 
free from Durut, whose threat kept her in constant 
dresid.— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Dutheil (Abb^), one of the two vicars-general 
of the Bishop of Limoges, under the Restoration; 

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one of the shining lights of the Gallican clergy; 
appointed to a bishopric in August, 1831, and pro- 
moted to be archbishop in 1840. — He presided over 
the public confession of Madame Graslin, whose 
friend and adviser he was, and at whose funeral he 
officiated, in 1844. — The yUlage Curd. 

Dutocq, born in 1786. — In 1814, he entered the 
department of finance and succeeded Poiret senior, 
retired, in the bureau presided over by Rabourdin; 
he was order clerk. Incapable and lazy, he hated 
his chief, whose ruin he sought to compass. Being 
extremely selfish and malicious, he tried to strengthen 
his position by acting as the spy of the department; 
the secretary-general, Chardin des Lupeaulx, was 
informed by him of the most trivial incidents. 
Furthermore, after 1816, Dutocq affected the most 
pronounced religious sentiments, which he thought 
likely to assist in his promotion. He was an en- 
thusiastic collector of old engravings, and had a 
complete set of " his Charlet,'* which he might sell 
or lend to the minister's wife. He lived at that time 
on Rue Saint-Louis-Saint-Honore,* near the Palais- 
Royal, on the fifth floor of a house on a passage- 
way, and took his meals at a boarding-house on Rue 
de Beaune. — The Civil Service. — In 1840, having 
retired with a pension, he was clerk to the justice 
of the peace at the mayor's office in the Pantheon 
quarter, and lived in Thuillier's house on Rue Saint- 
Dominique d'Enfer. He had never married and had 

* Blotltd out, In 1854, In the various changes of Rue 4e I'^chelle 

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a bachelor's viceSi but he carefully concealed his 
mode of life, and was able, by dint of flatteryi to 
maintain himself on the level of his superiors. He 
was involved in divers villainous schemes with 
C^rizet, his office clerk, and with Th^odose de la 
Peyrade, the crafty advocate. — The Petfy Bourgeois. 

Duval, wealthy ironmaster at Alencon, whose 
daughter, a grandniece of Monsieur de Croisier, — 
Du Bousquier, — was married, in 1830, with a dowry 
of three millions, to Victurnien d'Esgrignon. — The 
Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Duval, famous chemist and professor of chemistry 
in Paris, in 1843. — Being a friend of Doctor Bian- 
chon, he analyzed for him the blood of Monsieur and 
Madame Crevel, infected with a strange cutaneous 
disease of which they died. — Cousin Bette. 

Duvignon. — See De Lanty. 

Duvivier, jeweller at VendOme, under the Em- 
pire. — Madame de Merret assured her husband that 
she had bought at his shop an ebony crucifix in- 
crusted with silver, which was in reality given her 
by her lover, Bagos de Fer6dia. It was on that 
crucifix that she swore her false oath. — Another 
Study of ]Voman. 

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Ellis (William)i famous English alienist, who had 
charge of the asylum at Hanweil in 1839, when 
Marie Gaston was admitted there as a patient. — The 
Comte de SaUenauve. 

Emile, ''a lion of the most killing variety/' 
an acquaintance of Madame Komorn, — Comtesse 
Godollo. — One evening in the year 1840 or 1841, 
to escape Thfeodose de la Peyrade, she took the 
dandy's arm on Boulevard des Italiens, and begged 
him to escort her to Mabille, which was to close tliat 
night.* — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Ernest, a young boy invited by Nate de TEs- 
torade to the masked ball given by her mother in 
1839, at Paris. — At that festivity, a young Scotch- 
man asked Ernest to come and smoke a cigar in 
some quiet place: "I can't, my dear fellow," he 
replied, ** you know L^ontine always makes a scene 
when she notices that I've been smoking. She is 
.^harming to me to-night. Here, see what she has 
just given me!" — It was a horse-hair ring. — The 
Comte de SaUenauve. 

* On the site of the fanous B«l Mabllte. which disappeared about foor 
yean since, stands a house now occupied by Professor Gennain S4e. 

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Esgrignon (Charles-Marie-Victor-Ange Carol, 
Marquis d'), or Des Grignons, according to old 
title-deeds, commander of the Order of Saint-Louis, 
born about 1750, died in 1830. — Head of a very old 
family of Franks, the Karawls, who came from the 
North to conquer the Gauls and were charged with 
the defence of one of the French marches. The 
Esgrignons,* a quasi-princely house under the 
Valois, all-powerful under Henri IV., were sadly 
neglected at the court of Louis XVllL, and the 
marquis, ruined by the Revolution, lived In very 
straitened circumstances at Alengon, in an old gable- 
end house which had formerly belonged to him, 
had been sold as national property, and had been 
redeemed for him by the loyal notary, Chesnel, with 
certain portions of his other estates. The marquis, 
although he did not emigrate, had been obliged to 
conceal himself. He took part in the struggle of 
the Vendeans against the Republic, and was one 
of the members of the royal committee of Alencon. 
In i8cx), at the age of fifty, in order to perpetuate 
his family, he married Mademoiselle de Nouastre, 
who died soon afterward in childbed, leaving the 
marquis an only son. Monsieur d'Esgrignon never 
knew anything of the escapades of this child of his, 
whose honor Chesnel succeeded in safeguarding, 
and he breathed his last shortly after the fall of 
Charles X., saying: ''The Gauls triumphi"— 7^ 
Chouans. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

* Their arms were or vHtb two JUUts gults, '* CI I est nostre" was their 

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Esgrignon (Madame d'), born Nouastre; of purest 
noble blood; married in 1800, at the age of twenty- 
two, to Marquis Carol d'Esgrignon, then over fifty. 
— She died soon after, in giving birth to her only 
son. She was '* the loveliest of human creatures: 
in her the charms, now imaginary, of the female 
faces of the sixteenth century, lived anew." — The 
Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Esgrignon (Victurnien, Comte, afterward Mar- 
quis d'), only son of Marquis Charles-Marie-Victor- 
Ange Carol d'Esgrignon; born about iScx), at Alencon. 
— Handsome and intelligent, brought up with extreme 
gentleness and indulgence by his aunt. Mademoiselle 
Armande d'Esgrignon, he yielded without hesitation 
to all his fancies, in accordance with the artless self- 
ishness of his age. From eighteen to twenty-one, 
he squandered eighty thousand francs without the 
knowledge of his father and his aunt; the devoted 
Chesnel paid it all. Young D'Esgrignon was sys- 
tematically led into dissipation by a confederate of 
his own age, Fabien du Ronceret, a treacherous 
flatterer in the pay of Monsieur du Croisier. About 
1823, Victurnien was sent to Paris; to his undoing, 
he fell into the society of Parisian rakes, Marsay, 
Ronquerolles, Trailles, Chardin des Lupeaulx, Van- 
denesse, Ajuda-Pinto, Beaudenord, Martial de la 
Roche-Hugon, and Manerville, whom he met in the 
salons of the Marquise d'Espard, the Duchesses de 
Grandlieu, Carigliano and Chaulieu, the Marquises 
d'Aiglemont and Listom^re, Madame Firmiani and 

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the Comtesse de Sferizy; at the Op^ra, at the embas- 
sies, in a word, wherever his great name and his ap- 
parent wealth conducted him. He soon became the 
Duchesse de Maufrigneuse's lover, ruined himself 
for her, and ended by forging the name of Monsieur 
du Croisier in order to obtain a hundred thousand 
francs. He was recalled to Alencon in hot haste 
by his aunt, and prosecution was with great diffi- 
culty averted. He then fought a duel with Monsieur 
du Croisier, who wounded him dangerously. Never- 
theless, soon after his father's death, he married 
the ex-contractor's niece. Mademoiselle Duval. He 
troubled himself in no way about his wife, however, 
but resumed his joyous bachelor's life. — The Cabinet 
of Antiquities. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — 
According to Marguerite Turquet, " little d'Esgrig- 
non had been well cleaned out" by Antonia. — A 
Man of Business. — In 1832, Victurnien d'Esgrignon 
declared, in the presence of a numerous company, 
at Madame d'Espard's, that the Princesse de Ca- 
dignan — Madame de Maufrigneuse — ^was a dangerous 
woman. — '* I am Indebted to her for the infamy of 
my marriage," he added. Daniel d'Arthez, who 
was then in love with the princess, was present 
at the time. — The Secrets of La Princesse de Cadi- 
gnan. — In 1838, Victurnien was present, with a 
company of artists, lorettes, and men of affairs^ 
at the installation of Jos^pha Mirah in the house 
on Rue de la Ville-rEv6que, presented to her by 
the Due d'Herouville. The young marquis had 
been Jos6pha's lover once upon a time; Baron 

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Hulot had disputed possession of her with him. — 
Cousin Bette. 

Esgrignon (Marie-Armande-Claire d'), born about 
1775, sister of the elder marquis and aunt of Victur- 
nien d'Esgrignon, to whom she took the place of a 
mother, with unwearying affection. Her father in 
his old age had married, for his second wife, the grand- 
daughter of a farmer of the revenue ennobled under 
Louis XIV.; she was born of that union, which 
was deemed a horrible mesalliance, and, although 
the marquis was very fond of her, he looked upon 
her as an outsider. One day he made her weep 
for gratitude, by saying to her, on a solemn occa- 
sion: " You are an Esgrignon, sister." — Emile Blon- 
det, who was brought up at Alencon, as a mere 
child had known and loved Mademoiselle Armande, 
whose beauty and virtues he afterward extolled. 
Her devotion to her nephew had caused her to 
refuse to marry Monsieur de la Roche-Guyon and the 
Chevalier de Valois; she also rejected the advances 
of Monsieur du Croisier. She gave the most con- 
vincing proofs of her maternal affection for Vic- 
turnien at the time when he committed, in Paris, 
the offences which would have brought him to the 
Assize Court except for Chesnel's skilful manage- 
ment. She survived her brother, " her religion and 
her overthrown beliefs." — About the middle of the 
reign of Louis-Philippe, Blondet, who had come to 
Alencon to procure the necessary papers for his 
marriage, looked once more with emotion upon that 

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noble face. — The Old Maid. — The Cabinet of An^ 

Espard (Charles-Maurice-Marie-Andoche, Comte 
de Negrepelisse, Marquis d')* born about 1789. — 
Negrepelisse was his family name, — ^an old southern 
family, which acquired under Henri IV., by mar- 
riage, the property and titles of the family of 
Espard, of Beam, which was itself allied with the 
house of Albret. The motto on the crest of the Es- 
pards was: Des partem leonis. The Negrepelisses, 
being militant Catholics, were ruined at the time of 
the religious wars, but subsequently became very 
wealthy by seizing upon the property of a family of 
Protestant tradesmen, the Jeanrenauds, the head 
of that family having been hanged at the time of the 
revocation of the Edict of Nantes. This ill-gotten 
wealth served the Negrepelisse-d'Espards wonder- 
fully well: the marquis's grandfather, thanks to his 
fortune, was able to marry a Navarreins-Lansac, 
a very wealthy heiress; and his father, a Mademoi- 
selle de Grandlieu of the younger branch. — The 
Marquis d'Espard married, in 1812, Mademoiselle de 
Blamont-Chauvry, sixteen years of age; he had two 
sons by her, but the husband and wife soon fell out. 
By her insane extravagance, Madame d'Espard forced 
her husband to borrow, and he left her in 1816. 
With his children he took up his abode on Rue 
de la Montagne-Sainte-Genevifeve, No. 22, in the 
old Hdtel Duperron* and devoted himself to their 

*Thls house hAS disappeared as a result of the opening of Rue des Ecoles. 

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education and to the composition of a great work, the 
Picturesque History of China, the proceeds of the sale 
of which, added to the savings made possible by a 
life of strict simplicity, enabled him to make resti- 
tution, in twelve years, to the heirs of the martyred 
Jeanrenaud, to the amount of eleven hundred thou- 
sand francs, representing the value — in the time of 
Louis XIV— K)f the confiscated estates of their an- 
cestor. This Picturesque History of China was writ- 
ten, so to speak, in collaboration with Abb6 Crozier, 
and the profits arising from it served also to relieve 
secretly the distress of a ruined friend. Monsieur de 
Nouvion, in his old age. In 1828, Madame d'Espard 
tried to have a guardian appointed for her husband, 
by casting ridicule on the marquis's noble conduct; 
but the respondent finally prevailed before the 
courts. — The Interdiction. Lucien de Rubemprfe, 
who discussed the affair with the procureur-general 
Granville, probably had something to do with the 
judgment rendered in favor of Monsieur d'Espard ; 
in that way he incurred the enmity of the mar- 
chioness. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Espard (Camille, Vicomte dO» second son of the 
Marquis d'Espard, born in 181 5, attended Collie 
Henry IV. with his older brother, the Comte Clement 
de Negrepelisse; he was studying rhetoric in 1828. — 
The Interdiction. 

Espard (Chevalier dO» brother of the Marquis 
d'Espard; he would have been glad to see the mar- 
chioness's petition granted, in order to be appointed 

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to take charge of his brother's property; he had a face 
like a knife-blade, and cold and sour. — According to 
Popinot the magistrate, there was a little of Cain in 
him. He was one of the " deepest " habitues of 
the Marquise d'Espard's salon, and was that lady's 
"political half." — The Interdiction. — Splendors and 
Miseries of Courtesans. — The Secrets of La Prinusse 
de Cadignan. 

Espard ( Jeanne-Cl6mentine-Athena13 de Blamont- 
Chauvry, Marquise d'), born in 1795, ^'^^ ^^ the 
Marquis d'Espard; of one of the most illustrious 
families of Faubourg Saint-Germain. — Deserted by 
her husband in 1816, she became, at the age of 
twenty-two, mistress of herself and her fortune, 
which amounted to twenty-six thousand francs a 
year. At first, she led a retired life; but, in 1820, 
she appeared, gave parties at her own house, and 
soon became a woman of fashion; she seated herself 
"on the throne whereon the Vicomtesse de Beau- 
seant, the Duchesse de Langeais, and Madame Fir- 
miani had shone resplendent; the latter, after her 
marriage to Monsieur de Camps, having resigned the 
sceptre to Madame la Duchesse de Maufrigneuse, 
from whose hands Madame d'Espard wrested It.'' 
Cold, selfish, fickle, she knew neither love nor 
hate; her indifference to everything but herself 
was absolute. She was never moved; she knew 
divers cunning devices to preserve her beauty; 
she never wrote, but talked, knowing that two 
words from a woman may cause the death of three 

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men. More than once she had suggested, now to 
deputies, now to peers, ideas and words which had 
resounded through Europe from the tribune. Among 
the men, still young in 1828, to whom the future 
belonged, and who thronged her salons, might be 
noticed Messieurs de Marsay, de RonqueroUes, de 
Montriveau, Martial de la Roche-Hugon, de Serizy, 
Ferraud, Maxime de Trailles, Listomfere, the two 
Vandenesses, Sixte du Chatelet; and the two famous 
bankers, Nucingen and Ferdinand du Tillet, these 
without their wives. Madame d'Espard lived at 104 
Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honore. — The Interdiction. 
She was a superb Celim^ne. She made the greater 
show of prudery and rigid virtue because she lived 
apart from her husband, and yet the world had 
never been able to detect the cause of their dis- 
agreement; she was surrounded by the Navarreins, 
the Blamont-Chauvrys, the Lenoncourts, her kin- 
dred; the most straitlaced women frequented her 
salon. She was a cousin of Madame de Bargeton, 
who sought her protection when she arrived in Paris 
from Angouldme in 1821, and she became her cice- 
rone in Paris, initiated her into all the secrets of 
fashionable life and detached her from Lucien de 
Rubempre. Later, when the "provincial great 
man" had succeeded in making his way into the 
first society, she joined with Madame de Montcornet 
in urging him to becoming a royalist. — Lost Illusions. 
— She was at the Opfera ball in 1824, drawn thither by 
an anonymous letter appointing a rendezvous there; 
and, leaning on Sixte du Ch&telet's arm, she accosted 

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Lucien de Rubempre, whose beauty impressed her, 
and whom she seemed not to recognize. The poet 
revenged himself for her former disdain by stinging 
words, and Jacques Collin, — Vautrin, — masked, com- 
pleted the marchioness's perturbation by persuading 
her that Lucien was the author of the note and that 
he loved her. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 
— The Chaulieus were on friendly terms with her 
at the time that their daughter Louise won the heart 
of the Baron de Macumer, — Memoirs of Two Young 
Wives. — Despite the mute opposition of Faubourg 
Saint-Germain, the Marquise d'Espard did not close 
her salon after the Revolution of 1830, not choosing 
to abandon her influence over Paris; her example in 
this regard was imitated by one or two women of 
her set and by Mademoiselle des Touches. — Another 
Study of Woman. — ^She received on Wednesdays. 
In 1833, she was at an evening party at the Prin- 
cesse de Cadignan's, when Marsay revealed the 
secret history of the kidnapping of Senator Malin in 
1806.—-^ Dark Affair. — Notwithstanding the savage 
cruelty of a remark made to her detriment by the 
Marquise d'Espard, the Princesse de Cadignan told 
Daniel d'Arthez that the marchioness was her best 
friend; she was also a kinswoman. — The Secrets of 
La Princesse de Cadignan. — Through jealousy of 
Madame F61ix de Vandenesse, Madame d'Espard 
encouraged that young woman's budding relations 
with the poet Nathan ; she would have been de- 
lighted to see the woman whom she looked upon as 
a rival compromise herself. In 1835, the marchioness 

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defended vaudevilles against the strictures of Lady 
Dudley, who declared that she could not endure 
them, having the same feeling for them, she said, 
that Louis XIV. had for Teniers's pictures; Madame 
d'Espard maintained that "the vaudevilles of to-day 
are delightful comedies;" she found much enter- 
tainment in them. — A Daughter of Eve. — In 1840, at 
the close of a performance at the Italiens,* Madame 
d'Espard humiliated Madame de Rochefide by turn- 
ing her back upon her: all the ladies followed her 
example, and a circle of space was formed around 
Calyste du Guenic's mistress. — Beatrix. — The 
Marquise d'Espard, for the rest, was one of the most 
impertinent persons of her time; she had a sour, 
malevolent disposition beneath a most refined ex- 
terior; but her house was called, by an old academi- 
cian, the "Palace of Renown." — The Comte de 

Estival (Abbe d'), Provencal priest, preached 
the Easter sermon, in 1840, at the church of Saint- 
Jacques du Haut-Pas, Paris. — ^According to Theodose 
de la Peyrade, who described him to Madame Colle- 
ville, he had devoted himself to preaching in the 
interest of the poorer classes; he atoned for an 
unprepossessing exterior by earnestness and great- 
ness of soul. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Estorade (Baron, afterward Comte de T), petty 
nobleman of Provence, father of Louis de I'Estorade; 
a very devout and somewhat miserly old man, who 

• Then located In the baildins of the Odion. 

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hoarded for his son. — He lost his wife about 1814; 
she died of grief at the non-appearance of the son 
of whom they had heard nothing since the battle of 
Leipsic. Monsieur de I'Estorade was an excellent 
grandfather. He died in the latter part of 1826. — 
Atomoirs of Two Young Wives. 

Estorade (Louis, Chevalier, afterward Vicomte 
and Comte de T), peer of France, president of a 
chamber in the Cour des Comptes, grand officer of 
the Legion of Honor, born in 1787; son of the pre- 
ceding. — After avoiding the conscription for a long 
while, under the Empire, he was sent to join the 
army in 181 3, and served as a guard of honor. At 
Leipsic he was captured by the Russians, and did 
not reappear in France until after the Restoration. 
He had suffered terribly in Siberia; at thirty-seven 
he seemed fifty. Pale, thin, taciturn, a little deaf, 
he strikingly resembled the Knight of the Rueful 
Feature; he succeeded, however, in making him- 
'Self agreeable to Ren^ de Maucombe, whom he 
married, without dowry, in 1824. Urged on by his 
wife, who became ambitious as soon as she was a 
mother, he left La Crampade, his Provencal prop- 
erty, and although a man of very ordinary talent, at- 
tained the highest posts. He died at Paris, in June, 
1841, of gangrenous inflammation of the throat. — 
Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — The Deputy from 
Arcis. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Estorade (Madame de 1'), born Renee de Mau- 
combe, in 1807, of a very ancient Provencal family, 

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domiciled in the valley of G^m^nos, twenty kilo- 
metres from Marseilles. — Educated at the Carmelite 
convent, Blois, where she formed a close friendship 
with Louise de Chaulieu; the two friends continued 
their girlish intimacy; for several years they ex- 
changed long letters concerning life, love, and mar- 
riage, wherein the sage Ren^ gave the passionate 
Louise sensible and prudent advice, to which she 
paid little heed, in 1836, Madame de TEstorade 
made a hurried journey from the provinces to be 
present at the last moments of her friend, now 
Madame Marie Gaston. Married at seventeen, 
immediately on leaving the convent, Madame de 
TEstorade bestowed three children upon her hus- 
t)and, whom she never really loved, and devoted 
herself exclusively to the duties of maternity. — 
Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — In 1858-1859, this 
virtuous creature's peace of mind was disturbed by 
meeting with Dorlange-Sallenauve; she fancied that 
he was enamored of her, and she was compelled to 
defend herself against a secret inclination for him. 
Madame de Camps advised and instructed her with 
much keenness of vision in that delicate state of 
affairs. Much later, after she had become a widow, 
Madame de TEstorade was on the point of giving 
her hand to Sallenauve, who became her son- 
in-law. She was as like Marianina de Lanty as 
a sister; indeed, lx)th were, although they were 
ignorant of the fact, children of the same father. 
Monsieur de Maucombe; but Marianina was, legally. 
Monsieur de Lanty's daughter. — The Deputy from 

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Wfrfs. — The Cotnte de SaUenauve. — Tlie Beauvisage 
Family. — In 1841, Madame de TEstorade said of 
Monsieur and Madame de Portendu^re: " Theirs is 
the most attractive happiness I have ever seenl" — 
UrsuU Mrouet. 

Bstorade (Armand de I'), oldest son of Monsieur 
and Madame de I'Estorade; godson of Louise de 
Chaulieu, Baronne de Macumer, afterward Madame 
Marie Gaston. — He was born in December, 1825, 
and studied at College Henri IV. Stolid and medi- 
tative at first, he soon threw off his apathy, won 
first prize for a Latin poem at the Sorbonne, and in 
184$ passed with eclat the examinations for. a doc- 
torate of laws. He was not fond of Sallenauve, 
who, however, rescued him from a wretched alter- 
cation with the ex-convict Bfelisaire. — Memoirs of 
Two Young IVroes. — The Deputy from Arcis. — The 
Beauvisage Family. 

Bstorade (Ren6 de T), second son of Monsieur 
and Madame de TEstorade. He gave promise of a 
bold and adventurous character, even in infancy; 
he had an iron will, and his mother was convinced 
that he would be the '* most cunning sailor in the 
world.'' — Memoirs of Two Young IVrves. 

Estorade (Jeanne-AthenaTs de T), daughter and 
third child of Monsieur and Madame de I'Estorade. — 
She was commonly called NaTs, for short Married, 
in 1847, Charles de Sallenauve. — See Sallenauve 
(Madame Charles de). 

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Bstourny (Charles d'), name of a young Pari- 
sian dandy, who went to Havre, during the Restora- 
tion, to see the ocean, was admitted to the Mignon 
household, and carried off Bettina-Caroline, the 
older daughter. — He afterward abandoned her and 
she died of grief. In 1827, Charles d'Estourny 
was sentenced by the criminal tribunal for constant 
cheating at play. — Modeste Mignon. — A Georges- 
Marie Destourny, who desired to be called Georges 
d'Estourny, son of a bailiff of Boulogne, near Paris, 
and undoubtedly identical with Charles d'Estourny, 
was, for a short time, Esther Van Gobseck's pro- 
tector. He was born about 1801, and after receiving 
a brilliant education, had been left penniless by his 
father, who was obliged to sell his office on most 
unfavorable terms. Georges d'Estourny had traded 
on the Bourse with funds belonging to kept women, 
in whose confidence he was. After his conviction, 
he left Paris without settling his balances. He had 
patronized C^rizet and had even made him a part- 
ner in some of his transactions. He was a good- 
looking fellow, jovial and generous as the chief 
of a band of thieves. Bixiou, in memory of the 
cheating which had brought him before the courts, 
called him La Mithode des Cartes — Descartes. — 
Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — A Man of 

^tienne and Co., tradesmen at Paris, under the 
Empire. — Had business relations with Guillaume, 
draper on Rue Saint-Denis, who foresaw their failure 

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and awaited It " with anxiety as at the card-table."— 
The House of the Cat and Rochet. 

Eugene, Corsican, colonel of the Sixth of the 
Line, composed almost exclusively of Italians, which 
marched first into Tarragona, in 1808. — Colonel 
Eugene, a second Murat, was extraordinarily brave; 
he knew how to make the most of the bandits, so 
to speak, who made up the bulk of his regiment. — 
The Maranas. 

Eugenie, pseudonym of Prudence Servien. — See 
this name. 

Euphrasie, courtesan at Paris under the Restora- 
tion and under the reign of Louis-Philippe. — A pretty 
and graceful blonde with blue eyes, a melodious 
voice, and the most innocent air, but profoundly de- 
praved and expert in all refinements of vice. In 
1821, she communicated to Crottat the notary's 
second clerk a terrible disease of which he died. 
She then lived on Rue Feydeau. Euphrasie claimed 
that in her youth she had passed whole days and 
nights working to support a lover, who had forsaken 
her for a heritage. With the brunette Aquilina, 
Euphrasie took part in a famous debauch at Fr6d6ric 
Taillefer's, on Rue Joubert, in the company of Emile 
Blondet, Rastignac, Bixiou, and Raphael de Valentin. 
She appeared later at the Theitre-Italien with the 
centenarian dealer in antiquities who sold Raphael 
the '' magic skin;'' she was rapidly consuming the 

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old dealer's savings. — lAelmotk Converted. — The 
Magic Skin. 

Europe. — ^Name assumed by Prudence Servien. — 
See that name. 

l^vangilista (Madame), born Casa-Real, in 1781, 
of a great Spanish family descending collaterally 
from the Duke of Alva, and allied to the Claes of 
Douai; a Creole who came to Bordeaux in 1800 
with her husband, a plebeian Spanish merchant. 
Left a widow, in 181 5, with her daughter. She 
knew nothing of the value of money, and had never 
been able to resist her caprices. One morning, 
therefore, in 1821, she was obliged to summon the 
pawnbroker and expert l^lie Magus to appraise her 
superb diamonds, among which was a certain DiS" 
creto, a magnificent antique stone with a history. 
Weary of provincial life, she looked with favor upon 
her daughter's marriage to Paul de Manerville, in- 
tending to accompany the young couple to Paris, 
where she dreamed of making a great show and 
becoming a power in the world once more. She 
displayed great astuteness in the pecuniary negotia- 
tions preceding the marriage, in which Maitre Solo- 
net, her notary, who was enamored of her to the 
point of wishing to marry her, defended her interests 
warmly against Mattre Mathias, the Manervilles' 
notary. Beneath the exterior of a most excellent 
woman, she had Catherine de' Medici's talent for 
hating and biding her time. — The Marriage Contract. 

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I^vangilista (Natalie), daughter of Madame 
£vang§lista; married to Paul de Manerville. — See 
that name. 

l^velina, a young woman of noble birth, rich and 
well-educated, belonging to a rigid Jansenist family; 
loved and sought in marriage by Doctor Benassis. 
i^velina returned his love; but her parents opposed 
their union. Evelina died when she became free, 
and the doctor did not survive her. — The Country 

Faille and Bouchot, Parisian perfumers who 
failed in 1818. — They had ordered ten thousand 
squat, gourd-shaped bottles to hold a new cosmetic* 
and Anselme Popinot bought them on six months' 
credit with the idea of using them to bottle the 
''cephalic oil " invented by Cesar Birotteau. — C^sar 

Falcon (Jean), called Beaupied or Beau-Pied, 
sergeant in the Seventy-second demi-brigade, com- 
manded by Colonel Hulot in 1799. — Jean Falcon 
was the buffoon of his company; he had served 
first in the artillery.— 77?^ Chouans. In 1808, still 
under Hulot's command, he served in the army of 
Spain in the division commanded by Murat; in that 
year, he witnessed the murder of a French surgeon, 

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B^a, by a Spaniard. — The Muse of the Department. — 
In 1841, he was the factotum of his old colonel, now 
a marshal; he had been in his service thirty years. — 
Cousin Bette. 

Falcon (Marie-Corn^lie), celebrated singer at the 
Op6ra, born at Paris, January 28, 1812. On July 
20, 1832, she made a brilliant d^but in the part of 
Alice* in Robert le Diable, and afterward acted with 
equal success Rachel in La Juive, and Valentine in 
Les Huguenots. In 1856, Conti the composer declared 
to Calyste du Guenic that he was madly in love 
with her, that she was the loveliest creature of her 
time; he even went so far as to say that he intended 
to marry her, but this language had no other object, 
probably, than to deceive Calyste, who was in love 
with the Marquise de Rochefide, whose lover Conti 
was at that time. — Biatrix. — Cornelie Falcon disap- 
peared from the stage in 1840, after a celebrated 
performance at which she deplored the loss of her 
voice before a deeply moved audience. She married 
a financier. Monsieur Malencon, and is now a grand- 
mother. In the provinces, tragic ''soprani'* are 
called Falcons. La Vierge de VOpira, an interesting 
narrative by Monsieur Emmanuel Gonzalte, is said 
to describe certain episodes of her life. 

Palleix (Martin), Auvergnat, copper founder on 
Rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine, Paris; born about 
1796; he had come from his province with his kettle 

* First acted by Madame Dorus-Gras. who Is ttlll living. 

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on his back. Being employed by Bidault, alias 
Gigonnet, who lent him money, — at a high rate, 
by the way, — he was introduced by the usurer to 
Saillardf cashier at the ministry of finance, who, 
with his savings^ became his partner in exploiting a 
new invention in casting. Martin Falleix obtained 
a patent, and a gold medal at the Exhibition of 1824. 
Madame Baudoyer undertook his education, looking 
upon him as a possible son-in-law; for his part, he 
exerted himself to assist his future father-in-law's 
advancement — The Civil Service. — In 1826, with F. 
du Tillet, Werbrust, and Claparon, he discussed Nu- 
cingen's third settlement with his creditors, which 
definitely established the famous Alsatian banker's 
fortune on a firm basis. — The House ofNucingen. 

Falleix (Jacques), brother of the preceding; one of 
the most skilful and wealthiest of brokers, successor 
of Jules Desmarets, and broker by appointment to 
the House of Nucingen. He had furnished a petite 
maison on Rue Saint-Georges, in the daintiest 
fashion, for his mistress Madame du Val-Noble. He 
failed in 1829, a victim of one of Nucingen's liquida- 
tions. — The Civil Service. — History of the Thirteen: 
Ferragus. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Panchette, servant in Doctor Rouget's family at 
Issoudun, late in the eighteenth century; a buxom 
Berrichonne, who, before the advent of La Co- 
gnette, was reputed the best cook in the town. — La 

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Fanjaty physician, something of an alienist, uncle 
of Comtesse Stephanie de'Vandi&res; she was sup- 
posed to have perished in the disastrous Russian 
campaign; he found her, insane, at Strasbourg, in 
1816, and toolc charge of her. He took her to the 
former convent of the Bons-Hommes, near Isle- 
Adam, — Seine-et-Oise, — attended her with affec- 
tionate solicitude, and had the sorrow of seeing her 
die, in 1819, at the climax of a tragic scene, in 
which, suddenly recovering her reason, she recog- 
nized her former lover, Philippe de Sucy, whom she 
had not seen since 1812. — Adieu. 

Fanny, old servant in the employ of Lady Bran- 
don, under the Restoration, at La Grenadi^re;* she 
closed the eyes of her mistress, whom she adored, 
then took the two children to a cousin of her own, a 
former dressmaker living a secluded life on Rue de 
la Guerche,t Tours, where she proposed to take up 
her abode with them; but the older of Lady Bran- 
don's sons enlisted in the navy, and placed the other 
at school, in Fanny's charge. — La Grenadiire. 

Fanny, a romantic young woman, pale and fair; 
the only daughter of a Paris banker. — At her father's 
table one evening she asked the Bavarian, Hermann, 
to tell her a '' German story that would make her 
flesh creep," and thereby innocently caused the 

* La Granadi^ tCiH txlf tt, according to our frttnd Rtnault of tht ntwa- 
papcr U Balzac, 
t Rua da la Gutrcha It callad to-day Rut Marctaii. 

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death of Frederic Taillefer, who had in his youth 
committed a murder which was never known, and 
which the stranger described before him. — The Red 

Pario, an old Spaniard, prisoner of war at Issou- 
dun under the Empire. — After the peace, he remained 
in the country, where he did a small business in 
grain. He was from Grenada, and had been a 
peasant. He was the object of divers very mali- 
cious tricks on the part of the ''Knights of Idle- 
ness," and he revenged himself by stabbing their 
leader, Maxence Gilet. This attempted assassina- 
tion was for a moment charged to Joseph Bridau. 
Fario eventually satisfied his vindictive instinct to 
the full, when he saw Maxence Gilet, disconcerted 
at the outset by his — Fario's — presence on the 
ground, fall, fatally wounded in a duel by Philippe 
Bridau. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Parrabesche, ex-convict, one of the keepers on 
Madame Graslin's estates at Mont^gnac, under Louis- 
Philippe; of an old family of Corrfeze. He was born 
in 1791 ; he had had an older brother, who was 
killed, a captain at twenty-two, at the battle of 
Montebello, in 1800, and by his heroic death saved 
the army and Bonaparte, then First Consul; also 
another brother, who was killed at Austerlitz in 180$, 
a sergeant in the First regiment of the guard. Par- 
rabesche himself had taken it into his head that he 
would not serve in the army; when he was drafted, 

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in 1811, he fled into the woods. He then became 
more or less affiliated with the chauffntrSt and, being 
accused of several murders, was sentenced to death 
by default. At the instance of kbbk Bonnet, he 
gave himself up at the beginning of the Restoration, 
was sent to the galleys for ten years, and returned 
in 1827. After 1830, being rehabilitated and re- 
stored to his rights as a citizen, he married Cath- 
erine Curieux, by whom he had had a child, kbbk 
Bonnet and Madame Graslin were Farrabesche's 
advisers and benefactors — The yUlage Curd. 

Parrabesche (Madame), born Catherine Cu- 
rieux, about 1798. Daughter of the Br^zacs' farmer 
at Vizay, a large town in Corr&ze; she was Farra- 
besche's mistress in the last years of the Empire, 
and had a son by him at the age of seventeen; 
she was soon separated from her lover, who was 
sent to the galleys, and found her way to Paris, 
where she went out to service. Her last place was 
with an old lady whom she cared for most faithfully 
and who died without leaving her anything. In 
1835, she returned to her province, having just been 
discharged from the hospital, cured of a disease 
caused by overwork, but still very weak; soon after 
her arrival, she married her former lover. She was 
tall, well-built, and fair, of gentle disposition, and 
though refined by her stay in Paris, could neither 
read nor write. She had three married sisters, one 
at Aubusson, another at Limoges, and the third at 
Saint-Leonard. — Tke tillage Curi. 

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Parrabesche (Benjamin), son of Farrabesche 
and Catherine Curieux; born in 1815; brought up 
by his mother's parents until 1827, then taken in 
charge by his father, whom he loved dearly, and 
whose rude and energetic character he inherited. — 
The yUlage Curd. 

Paucombe (Madame de), sister of Madame des 
Touches and aunt of Felicite des Touches — Camille 
Maupin; — a nun at the convent of Chelies, to whom 
Felicity was entrusted by her dying mother, in 1795. 
The nun tool< her niece to Faucombe, an estate of 
considerable extent near Nantes, belonging to her 
dead sister, and died of fright there in 1794. — 

Paacombe (De), maternal great-uncle of F6licit6 
des Touches; born about 1734, died in 1814. He 
lived at Nantes, and had married in his old age a 
frivolous young woman, to whom he abandoned the 
government of his affairs. He was a passionate 
archaralogist, and paid no heed whatever to the edu- 
cation of his niece, who was brought to him in 
1794, after the death of Madame de Faucombe the 
nun; so that F6licit6 grew up with that old man and 
young woman, unguided, left entirely to her own 
resources. — Biatrix. 

Faustine, a young woman from Argentan, who 
was executed at Mortagne, in 181 5, for the murder 
of her child. In 1816, Suzanne — ^the future Madame 

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du Val-Noble — reminded Monsieur du Bousquier of 
the ''fair Faustine/' and extorted money from him 
on the pretext that she was with child by him. — 
The Old Maid. 

FiUcie, Madame Diard's maid at Bordeaux in 
1823. — The Maranas. 

Filicit^, the stout, red-haired, cross-eyed maid- 
servant of Madame Vauthier, who kept a lodging- 
house on Rue Notre-Dame-des-Champs and Boule- 
vard Montparnasse, under Louis-Philippe. — The 
Other Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Filix, procureur-general Granville's office ser- 
vant in 1830. — The Last Incarnation ofl^autrin. 

Pendant, formerly head-clerk of the firm of Vidal 
and Porchon; partner of Cavalier. Both were pub- 
iishers-booksellers-middlemen on Rue Serpente in 
1821. At that time, they had some business trans- 
actions with Lucien Chardon de Rubempre. The 
firm name was Pendant and Cavalier. Semi-knaves 
who were considered clever fellows. While Cava- 
lier travelled. Pendant, who was the craftier of the 
two, managed the business in Paris.— £05/ Illusions. 

Ferdinand, real name of Ferdinand du Tillet. 

Ferdinand, nom de guerre of one of the principal 
actors in the Breton uprising of 1799; one of the 

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companions of Messieurs du Gu^nic, de la Billar- 
di^re, de Fontaine, and de Montauran. — Tke Chou- 
ans. — Biairix. 

P^r^dia (Count Bagos de), Spanish prisoner of 
war at Venddme, under the Empire; Madame de 
Merret's lover. Surprised one evening by her hus- 
band's unlooked-for return, he took refuge in a 
closet, the door of which was walled up by Monsieur 
de Merret's order, and he died there heroically, 
without even uttering a cry. — Another Study of 

P^ret (Athanase), clerk in the office of Mattre 
Bordin, procureur at the Chfttelet in 1787. — A Start 
in Life. 

Ferragus XXIII. — ^See Bourignard. 

Perrtfro (Count), an Italian colonel whom Cas- 
tanier had known, whose death he alone had wit- 
nessed in the swamps of Zembin, under the Empire; 
the cashier, after forging the bills of exchange, had 
for a moment an idea of ''hunting him up'' in 
Italy.— Melmoth Converted. 

Perraud (Comte), son of a former counsellor in 
the Parliament of Paris who had emigrated under 
the Terror and was ruined by subsequent events. 
Born in 1781; he returned to France under the Con- 
sulate and received offers from Bonaparte, which he 
declined: he remained unwaveringly loyal to the 

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interests of Louis XVIII. Blessed with an agree- 
able exterior, he had much success with women, 
and Faubourg Saint-Germain claimed him as one of 
its glories. About 1809, he married Colonel Cha- 
bert's widow, who then had about forty thousand 
francs a year; he had two children by her, a son 
and a daughter. He lived on Rue de Varenne and 
had a beautiful villa in the valley of Montmorency. 
Under the Restoration, he was appointed director- 
general of one of the departments and a councillor 
of StBte.—Colona Chabert. 

Ferraud (Comtesse), born Rose Chapotel, wife 
of Comte Ferraud. First married, under the Repub- 
lic, or at the beginning of the Empire, to an officer 
named Hyacinthe, commonly called Chabert, who 
was left for dead on the field of Eylau, in 1807, ^^^ 
who tried, in 1818, to assert his rights as a husband. 
Colonel Chabert claimed to have taken Rose Cha- 
potel from a house of ill-repute in the Palais-Royal. 
Under the Restoration, having become a countess, 
she was one of the queens of Parisian society. 
Brought face to face with her first husband, she 
pretended at first not to recognize him, then filled 
him with such utter disgust that he abandoned his 
lawful rights. — Colonel Chabert. — Comtesse Ferraud 
was Louis the Eighteenth's last mistress, and re- 
mained in favor at the court of Charles X. In 1824, 
with Mesdames de Listom&re, d'Espard, de Camps, 
and de Nucingen, she was invited to the private 
soirdes at the ministry of finance. — The Civil Service. 

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Perraud (Jules), son of Comte Ferraud and Rose 
Chapotel, Comtesse Ferraud. One day, in 1817 or 
1818, when he was a mere child, finding his mother 
weeping in Colonel Chabert's presence, he angrily 
demanded if the officer were the cause of the count- 
ess's distress. She, with her two children, played 
a domestic comedy for the ingenuous colonel, which 
was perfectly successful. — Colonel Chabert. 

Fessard, grocer at Saumur, under the Restora- 
tion. Supplied the Grandets with groceries; one 
day, in his surprise at Nanon's purchase of wax- 
candles, he asked her " if the three Magi were at 
their house.*' — Eugenie Grandet. 

Pichet (Mademoiselle), the richest heiress at Is- 
soudun, under the Restoration. Godet the younger, 
one of the " Knights of Idleness," made love to 
Mademoiselle Fichet's mother, hoping to obtain the 
daughter's hand as a reward for that painful task. — 
La Rabouilleuse. 

Pil-de-Soie, one of the sobriquets of the crimi- 
nal Sel^rier. — See that name. 

Finot (Andoche), manager of newspapers and 
reviews, under the Restoration and Louis-Philippe. 
Son of a hatter on Rue du Coq,* Finot was wretch- 
edly poor at the beginning of his career, being aban- 
doned by his father, a narrow-minded tradesman. 

*Now Rue Mar«afO. 

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He prepared a glowing prospectus of Popinot's 
" cephalic oil;'* he first advertised and puffed It in 
the press; so that he was invited to the famous 
ball given by Cesar Birotteau in December^ 1818. 
Finot was already on friendly terms with F^lix 
Gaudissart, by whom, in fact, he was introduced 
to little Anselme, as a marvellous negotiator and 
puff-writer. He had preTviously been on the staff of 
the Courrier des Spectacles, and had had a play acted 
at the Galte. — C^sar Birotteau. — In 1820, he was 
managing a petty theatrical newspaper, with offices 
on Rue du Sentier. He was a nephew of Giroudeau, 
captain of dragoons, and was one of the witnesses 
at the marriage of Philippe Bridau to Flore Brazier, 
J.-J. Rouget's widow. — La Rabouilleuse. — In 1821, 
the offices of Finot's paper were on Rue Saint-Fiacre. 
Etienne Lousteau, Hector Merlin, Emile Blondet, 
Felicien Vernou, Nathan, and F. du Bruel were con- 
nected with it; at that period, Lucien de Rubempr6 
made his debut as a newspaper writer by a remark- 
able review of the Alcade dans rEmbarras, a play 
in three acts, performed at the Panorama-Drama- 
tique. Finot at that time had private apartments 
on Rue Feydeau. — Lost Illusions. — In 1824, he was 
at the Opera ball in a group of dandies and literary 
men who surrounded Lucien de Rubempr^ as he 
flirted with Esther Gobseck. — Splendors and Miseries 
of Courtesans. — In that same year, Finot was present 
at an evening party at Rabourdin's, and allowed 
himself to be won over to the cause of that chief 
of bureau by his friend Chardin des Lupeaulx, who 

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requested him to exert his power through the press 
against Baudoyer, Rabourdin's rival, — The Civil 
Service. — In 1825, he was present at the break- 
fast at the Rocker de Cancale, given by Fr^dferic 
Marest to celebrate his admission to Desroches's 
office; he was also at the debauch which fol- 
lowed, at Florine's. — A Start in Life. — Gaudissart 
said of his friend Finot, in 183 1, that he had thirty 
thousand francs a year, that he was in a fair way 
to become a councillor of State, and would succeed 
In attaining the dignity of peer of France; he aspired 
to end his days an acHonnaire, like him. — The Illustri- 
ous Gaudissart. — In 1836, in the private dining-room 
of a famous restaurant, with Blondet, his train-bearer, 
and Couture, the man of business, Finot listened 
to a recital of Nucingen's financial knavery, wittily 
described by Bixiou. — The House of Nucingen. — 
Finot "concealed a brutal will beneath an apa- 
thetic exterior/' and ''his impertinent stupidity 
was rubbed with wit as the workingman's bread is 
with garlic." — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Pinniani married in 181 3, being then a respect- 
able person of forty, the young woman who after- 
ward became Madame Octave de Camps. It was 
said that he could offer her nothing more than his. 
name and his fortune; he had been receiver-general 
in the department of Montenotte. He died in Greece, 
in 1823. — Madame Firmiani. 

Firmiani (Madame). — See Madame de Camps. 

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Fischer^ name of three brothers, agricultural 
laborers in a village on the extreme frontier of Lor- 
raine, at the foot of the Vosges Mountains; they 
were drawn in the republican conscription and were 
sent to the army of the Rhine. The oldest, Pierre, 
father of LIsbeth, otherwise known as Cousin Bette, 
was killed in 1815, while serving In the francs-Hreurs, 
The second, Andr^, father of Adeline, who became 
the wife of Baron Hulot, died at Treves in 1820. 
The third, Johann, having committed, at the insti- 
gation of his nephew Hulot, divers frauds, as con- 
tractor for supplies in the province of Oran, Algeria, 
committed suicide in 1841. He was then more than 
seventy years of age. — Omsin Bette. 

Fischer (Adeline). — See Hulot d'Ervy (Baronne 

Fischer (Lisbeth), called Cousin Bette, born in 
1796. — ^Brought up as a peasant; was subordinated, 
in her childhood, to her pretty cousin Adeline, who 
was petted by the whole family. In 1809, being 
summoned to Paris by Adeline's husband, she 
became an apprentice to the famous Pons Frferes, 
embroiderers to the imperial court. Having become 
very skilful in the craft, she was on the point of 
setting up in business for herself when the Empire 
was overthrown. Lisbeth, always a republican at 
heart, had a restless, capricious, independent char- 
acter, with an inexplicable admixture of ferocity. 
She persistently refused to marry; she rejected, one 
after another, a clerk in the war department, a 

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major, an army contractor^ a half-pay captain, and 
a lacemaker who subsequently became rich. Baron 
Hulot had niclcnamed her the Goat. She lived on 
Rue du Doyenne,* where she worlced for Rivet, the 
Ponses' successor, and she made the acquaintance 
there of her neighbor Wenceslas Steinboci<, a Livo- 
nian exile, whom she rescued from want and suicide, 
but whom she kept under close and jealous surveil- 
lance. Hortense Hulot endeavored to see the Pole, 
and succeeded: a marriage was the result, and it 
moved Cousin Bette to profound resentment, which 
she cunningly dissembled, but which had shocking 
consequences. Wenceslas was introduced by her to 
the irresistible Madame Marneffe, and the happiness 
of the young couple was destroyed; the same thing 
happened in the case of Baron Hulot, whose mis- 
conduct Lisbeth secretly encouraged. She died, in 
1844, of consumption, but her death was hastened 
by the chagrin caused by seeing the Hulot family 
reunited. The old maid's relations knew nothing 
of her dark intrigues; they ministered to her and 
mourned for her as "the angel of the family." — 
Mademoiselle Fischer died on Rue Louis-Ie-Grand, 
after living in turn on Rues du Doyennfe, Vaneau, 
Plumet,t and on Rue du Montparnasse, where she 
kept house for Marshal Hulot, whose count's coronet 
she dreamed of wearing as a legitimate wife, and for 
whom she thought it her duty to wear mourning. — 
Cousin Bette. 

*Thls street wai destroyed wheo the Louvre was completed, ebout 1859. 

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Pitz-William (Miss Margaret), daughter of a 
wealthy and noble Irishman, who was Calyste du 
Guenic's maternal uncle, she was, therefore, Ca- 
lyste's cousin. Madame du Guenic, his mother, 
would have liked him to marry her. — Biatrix. 

Plamet. — See La Billardi^re (Flamet de). 

Pleurant (M^re), kept a csik at Crolsic, of 
which Jacques Cambremer was an habitue. — A 
Seashore Drama. 

Pleuriot, grenadier of the Garde Imp^riale, of 
colossal stature, to whom Philippe de Sucy en- 
trusted St6phanie de Vandi^res, at the crossing of 
the Ber^sina in 1812. Being unluckily separated 
from Stephanie, Fleuriot did not find her again 
until 1816, when he met her by chance in a tavern 
at Strasbourg, where she had taken refuge after 
escaping from an asylum; both were then taken in 
charge by Doctor Fanjat and taken to Auvergne, 
where Fleuriot soon died. — Adieu. 

Pleury, formerly captain of infantry, treasurer 
at the Cirque-Olympique, and, under the Restora- 
tion, clerk in the department of finance, in Rabour- 
din's bureau; he adored his chief, who had rescued 
him from destitution. A subscriber to the yictcrires 
et Conquites^ who never paid his subscription; a 
zealous Bonapartist and liberal. His three great 
men were Napol6on, Bolivar, and B^ranger, all of 

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whose ballads he knew by heart and sang in a fine, 
sonorous voice. He was riddled with debts. His 
skill with the foil and the pistol gave him immunity 
from Bixiou's jests; he was also an object of fear to 
Dutocq, who fawned servilely upon him. Fleury 
was discharged, in December, 1824, after Baudoyer 
was appointed chief of division; he cared not a fig, 
he said, having at his service the position of re- 
sponsible manager of a newspaper. — The Civil Ser- 
vice. In 1840, while still employed in the same 
theatre, Fleury became manager of the Echo de la 
Biivre, a newspaper owned by Thuillier. — The Petty 

Flicoteaux, rival of Rousseau the Aquatic; his* 
torical, legendary, and rigidly upright restaurateur 
in the Latin quarter, between Rue de la Harpe 
and Rue des Gr6s, — Cujas, — ^whose establishment 
was patronized, in 1821-1822, by Daniel d'Arthez, 
Etienne Lousteau, and Lucien Chardon de Rubem- 
pr6. — Lost Illusions. 

Plorent, partner of Chanor; under the firm name 
of Plorent and Chanor carried on the trade of bronze 
manufacturers and dealers, on Rue des Tournelles, 
Paris, under Louis-Philippe. — Cousin Bette. — Cousin 

Florentine. — See Cabirolle (Agathe-Florentine). 

Florimond (Madame), linen-draper on Rue Vie- 
ille-du-Temple, in 1844-1845. She was kept by 

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an *' old fellow/* who made her his heir, thanks to 
the efforts of Fraisier, the man of business, whom 
she would, perhaps, have married, through gratitude, 
had it not been for his terrible infirmity. — Cousin 

Plorine. — ^See Nathan (Madame Raoul). 

Florville (La), actress at the Panorama-Drama- 
tique in 1821; among her colleagues there were 
Coralie, Florine, and Bouffe, or Vignol. On the 
evening of the first performance of the Alcade dans 
I'Embarras, she took part in a curtain-raiser, Ber^ 
tram,* a heavy melodrama, by one Raymond, 
adapted from a tragedy by Robert-Charles Maturin, 
an Irish novelist and playwright. La Florville was, 
for a few days, the mistress of a Russian prince, 
who took her to Saint-Mand§ and paid the manager 
a round sum for taking her away from the theatre. 
— Lost Illusions. 

Poedora (Comtesse), born about 180;, a Russian 
of plebeian origin, but of marvellous beauty, married, 
morganatically perhaps, by a great nobleman of her 
nation. As a widow, she reigned over Paris in 1827. 
She was supposed to have eighty thousand francs 
a year. She received in her salon all the illustrious 
people of the age, and " all the romantic produc- 
tions that never appeared were published there.** 

* The compilers of the Repertoty state. In • note, that Btrtram was not 
played until z8aa. (See also Bouffe). 

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Raphael de Valentin, being introduced to the count- 
ess by RastignaCy fell madly in love with her; but 
he left her house one day never to return, being 
fully persuaded that that woman " had no heart." 
She had a cruel memory, and her finesse was enough 
to drive a diplomat to despair; although the Russian 
ambassador did not receive her, 'she belonged to 
Madame de Serizy's set; she was on visiting terms 
with Mesdames de Nucingen and de Restaud, and 
received the Duchess de Carigliano, the most strait- 
laced grande dame of the whole Bonapartist coterie. 
She had listened to many young exquisites and to 
the son of a peer of France, who had offered her 
their names in exchange for her fortune. — The Magic 

Fontaine (Madame), fortune-teller in Paris, Rue 
Vieille-du-Temple, under Louis-Philipp)e. Formerly 
a cook; born in 1767. She earned a great deal of 
money; but, previously, she had lost large sums in 
the lottery. After the abolition of that game of 
chance, she hoarded her earnings for a nephew. 
Madame Fontaine used in her divinations an enor- 
mous toad, called Astaroth, and a black hen with 
bristling feathers, called Cleopatra or Bilouche. 
These two creatures made a profound impression on 
Sylvestre-Palafox-Castel Gazonal, in 1845, when 
he was taken to the soothsayer's domicile by Leon 
de Lora and Bixiou. The Southerner, however, 
asked only for a "five-franc deal,''' while in the 
same year Madame Cibot, who came to consult 

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the oracle on a serious matter^ paid a hundred francs 
for the whole story. According to Bixiou, '' a third 
of the lorettes, a fourth of the statesmen, and 
half of the artists'' consulted Madame Fontaine; 
she was the Egeria of a minister, and herself ex- 
pected a "comfortable fortune/' which had been 
promised her by Bilouche. L^n de Lora said that 
be never did anything of importance without con- 
sulting Astaroth. — The Involuntary Comedians. — 
Cousin Pons. — In i839» Madame Fontaine was a 
friend, almost a partner, of Madame de Saint Es- 
t^ve, — ^Jacqueline Collin, — ^then a marriage-broker. 
— Tlu Comte de SaBenauve. 

Fontaine (Comte de), one of the leaders in 
Vendue in 1799, and then known as Grand- Jacques. 
— The Chouans. — One of the intimate advisers of 
Louis X VIII. Field-marshal, councillor of State, super- 
intendent of the extraordinary domains of the crown. 
Deputy, and subsequently, under Charles X., a peer; 
decorated with the Legion of Honor and the Order 
of Saint Louis. Head of one of the oldest families of 
Poitou; had married a Mademoiselle de Kergarouet, 
who had no fortune, but was of a very old family 
of Bretagne, and whose mother was related to the 
Rohans. He had by her three sons and three 
daughters. Of the three sons, the oldest, president 
of a court, married a young woman whose father, a 
multi-millionaire, had been in the salt trade; the 
second, a lieutenant-general, married Mademoiselle 
Mongenod, daughter of a rich banker, whom the 

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Due d'H^rouville's aunt had refused for her nephew. 
— Modeste Mignon; — ^the third, head of a department 
in the municipality of Paris, afterward director-gen- 
eral in the ministry of finance, married the only 
daughter of Monsieur Grossetfite, receiver-general 
at Bourges. Of the three daughters, the first was 
married to Monsieur Planat de Baudry, receiver- 
general; the second to Baron de Villaine, a magis- 
trate of bourgeois origin, ennobled by the king; the 
third, Emilie, married her old uncle the Comte de 
Kergarouet, and after his death. Marquis Charles 
de Vandenesse. — The Dance at Sceaux. — The Comte 
de Fontaine was present with his family at the 
famous ball given by C6sar Birotteau on Sunday, 
December 17, 1818, and after the perfumer's failure, 
procured a place for him. — Cisar Birotteau. — He 
died in 1824. — The Civil Service. 

Fontaine (Emilie de). — ^See Marquise Charles 
de Vandenesse. 

Fontaine (Baronne de), born Anna Grossetfite, 
only daughter of the receiver-general of Bourges; edu- 
cated at the Mesdemoiselles Chamarolles's boarding- 
school with Dinah Piedefer, who became Madame 
de la Baudraye. Thanks to her fortune, she mar- 
ried the Comte de Fontaine's third son. After her 
marriage, she lived in Paris, and maintained an 
active correspondence with her friend, who was 
settled at Sancerre; she kept her informed as to 
the fashions and the most trifling changes in style. 

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The Baronne de Fontaine, being about to start foi 
Italy with her husband, desired to see Dinah once 
more, and stopped at the sub-prefecture, where her 
stay had a depressing effect upon Madame de la 
Baudraye because she could not avoid comparing 
the elegance of the Parisian with her own provin- 
cial elegance. Later, at the first performance of 
one of Nathan's dramas, toward the middle of Louis- 
Philippe's reign, Anna de Fontaine pretended not to 
recognize this same Madame de la Baudraye, then 
the recognized mistress of Etienne Lousteau. — The 
Mme of the Department. 

Pontanieu (Madame), friend and neighbor of 
Madame Vernier, at Vouvray, in 1831; the cheeriest 
gossip, the greatest joker in the neighborhood; she 
was present at the interview between the lunatic 
Margaritis and Felix Gaudissart, when the commer- 
cial traveller vvas so thoroughly mystified. — The Il- 
lustrious Gaudissart. 

Pontanon (Abbfe), born about 1770. — Canon of 
the cathedral of Bayeux in the early part of the 
nineteenth century, he " guided the consciences" of 
Madame and Mademoiselle Bontems. In November, 
1808, he procured an appointment to the clergy of 
Paris, hoping to obtain a living, and perhaps a bish- 
opric in good time; he became once more the con- 
fessor of Mademoiselle Bontems, then married to 
Monsieur de Granville, and contributed to the un- 
happiness of their household by the '' narrowness 

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of his provincial Catliolicism and his inflexible big- 
otry/' — He eventually disclosed to Granville's wife 
that magistrate's relations with Caroline Crochard. 
He also tormented the last moments of Madame 
Crochard, the mother.—^ Double Family. — At Saint 
Roche, in December, 1824, he pronounced the funeral 
oration of Baron Flamet de la Billardi^re. — The Civil 
Service. — Previous to the year 1824, he was vicar 
at the church of Saint-Paul, Rue Saint-Antoine. — 
Honorine. — He was Madame de Lanty's confessor 
in 1839, and being always eager to pry into family 
secrets, he undertook a mission to Dorlange-Salle- 
nauve on the subject of Marianina de Lanty. — The 
Deputy from Arcis. 

Portin (Madame), Madame Marneffe's mother. 
— Mistress of General de Montcornet, who had lav- 
ished money upon her during his visits to Paris; she 
had squandered it all, under the Empire, in a life of 
wild dissipation: for twenty years she saw the whole 
world at her feet She died poor, believing that she 
was still rich. Her daughter inherited the inclina- 
tions of a courtesan from her. — Cousin Bette. 

Fortin (Valferie), daughter of the preceding and 
of the Mar^chal de Montcornet. — See Madame 

Porzheim (Comte de). — See Mar^chal Hulot. 

Posseuse (La), orphan daughter of a grave- 
6\ggtx^ossqyeur ; — ^whence the sobriquet; born in 

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1807. Fragile, nervous, of an independent turn, 
living at first a secluded life, she finally tried domes- 
tic service, then fell into vagabondage and mendi- 
cancy. As she was brought up and continued to 
make her home in the village near Grenoble where 
Doctor Benassis settled, under the Restoration, she 
became the object of special care on the part of the 
physician, who became deeply interested in that 
gentle, loyal, eccentric, eminently impressionable 
creature. Although she was ugly, La Fosseuse 
possessed some charm. Perhaps she secretly loved 
her benefactor. — The Countiy Doctor. 

Pouch6 (Joseph), Due d'Otrante, born near 
Nantes in 1753; died in exile at Trieste in 1820. — 
Oratorian, member of the National Convention, 
councillor of State, minister of police under the 
Consulate and the Empire, also at the head of 
the department of the interior and of the govern- 
ment of the Ulyrian provinces, and president of the 
provisional government in 181 5. — In September, 
1799, Colonel Hulot said: "Bernadotte, Carnot, 
everyone, even to Citizen Talleyrand, has left us. 
In short, we have only one good patriot, friend 
Fouch6, who controls everything through the police; 
there's a man!" — Fouch6 took especially good care of 
Corentin, who was perhaps his natural son. He sent 
him to Bretagne during an uprising at the beginning 
of the year VIII., to accompany and guide in her 
mission Mademoiselle de Verneuil, whose Instruc- 
tions were to seduce and betray the Marquis de 

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Montauran^ the Chouan leader. — The Chouans. — In 
1806, he caused Senator A&alin de Gondreville to be 
kidnapped by masked men and sequestered for sev- 
eral days, in order that the Ch^lteau of Gondreville 
might be searched at leisure for certain important 
papers which, by the way, were fully as com- 
promising for Fouch6 as for the senator. This 
kidnapping, which was laid at the door of Michu 
and the Simeuses and the Hauteserres, led to the 
execution of the former and ruined the lives of 
the others. In 1833, Marsay, president of the 
council of ministers, explaining this mysterious 
enterprise at the Princesse de Cadignan's, pro- 
nounced this appreciative estimate of Fouch6: ''A 
dark, profound, extraordinary genius, little known, 
but certainly equal to Philip H., Tiberius, or Borgia.'' 
— j4 Dark Affair. — In 1809, Fouch6, seconded by 
Peyrade, saved France, at the time of the Wal- 
cheren affair, and on returning from the Wagram 
campaign, the Emperor rewarded him by dismissal. 
— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Pouquereau, concierge to Monsieur Jules Des- 
marets, broker, on Rue M^nars in 1820, specially 
enjoined by his master to watch Madame Desma- 
rets's suspicious outgoings and make a note of them. 
— History of the Thirteen: Ferragus. 

Pourchon, some time farmer of the RonqueroUes 
estate, beyond the forests of Aigues, in Bourgogne. 
— Formerly a schoolmaster, and later a mail-carrier; 

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an old man, and a confirmed drunkard since the loss 
of his wife; in 1823, at Blangy, he performed the 
triple functions of public scrivener for three com- 
munes, bailiff's follower, and clarinet-player; at the 
same time he plied the ropemaker's trade with his 
apprentice Mouche, the natural son of one of 
his natural daughters; but the principal income 
of these two beings was derived from otter hunt- 
ing or fishing. Fourchon was the father-in-law of 
Tonsard, who kept the Grand-I-yert cabaret. — The 

Poy (Maximilien-S^bastien), famous general and 
orator, born in 1775 ^t Ham; died at Paris in 1825. 
— In December, 1818, on the eve of his failure, 
Cesar Birotteau, who had gone to the Kellers to 
solicit a loan of a hundred thousand francs, saw 
General Foy come from the banker's house, escorted 
to the door by Francois Keller. About the same 
time, the words of the tribune and soldier stirred 
the patriotic and liberal fibres of that anti-Bourbon, 
Claude-Joseph Pillerault, Birotteau's uncle by mar- 
riage. — dsar Birotteau. — In 1821, General Foy, 
while chatting in Dauriat's shop with one of the 
editors of the CansHtutionnel, and the manager of 
La Minerve, noticed the beauty of Lucien de Ru- 
bempre, who had come thither with Lousteau to 
dispose of his collection of sonnets. — Lost Ittusions. 

Fraisier, born about 1814; probably at Mantes. 
— His father was a cobbler; advocate and business 

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agent at No. 9 Rue de la Perle, Paris, in 1844-1845. 
— He began life as an engrossing clerk for Maltre 
Couture. After serving Maltre Desroches as head- * ' 
clerk for six years, he bought the practice of Maltre 
Levroux, solicitor, of Mantes, where he had occasion 
to meet Leboeuf, Vinet, Vatinelle, Bouyonnet; but he 
soon had to sell out and leave the town as the result 
of an act lacking in delicacy. Thereupon he opened 
a consultation office in Paris. Being a friend of 
Doctor Poulain, who was his physician and who 
attended Sylvain Pons on his death-bed, he gave 
shrewd advice to Madame Cibot, who coveted 
the old bachelor's worldly goods, and promised the 
Camusot de Marvilles that they should inherit from 
the old musician, their kinsman, after he had cun- 
ningly wrested him from the faithful Schmucke. 
In 1845, he succeeded Vitel as justice of the peace; 
that office, which he coveted, was procured for him 
by the Camusot de Marvilles, in acknowledgment 
of his devotion to their interests. He also acted 
successfully for that family in Normandie, in con- 
nection with an important question of title to certain 
pastureland, in which the Englishman Wadmann 
was involved. Fraisier was a small, thin, sallow 
man, with a pimply, bloodless face, and he exhaled 
a horrible odor. Nevertheless, at Mantes, a certain 
Madame Vatinelle looked not unkindly on him, and 
he lived, in the Marais, with a servant-mistress. 
Dame Sauvage; but he missed more than one mar- 
riage, and was unable to wed his client Madame 
Florimond or Tabareau's daughter. To tell the 

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truth, the Camusot de Marvilles finally advised him 
to have nothing to do with Mademoiselle Tabareau. 
— Cousin Pons. 

Franchessini (Colonel)i born about 1789, served 
in the Garde Imperiale, and was afterward one of 
the most dashing colonels of the Restoration; but was 
obliged to resign because of certain suspicions in- 
volving his honor. — In 1808, he had forged certain 
bills of exchange to provide for the insane extrava- 
gance into which a woman had led him. Jacques 
Collin — Vautrin — ^took the crime upon himself, and 
was sent to the galleys for several years. In 1819, 
Franchessini, at Vautrin's instigation, killed young 
Taillefer in a duel. In the following year, he at- 
tended, with Lady Brandon, — she was probably his 
mistress, — the grand ball given by the Vicomtesse 
de Beaus^ant before her flight. In 1839, Fran- 
chessini was one of the most active members of 
the Jockey-Club, and held the rank of colonel in the 
National Guard; married to a wealthy Irishwoman, 
who was devout and charitable, he lived in one of 
the finest mansions in the Br^da quarter. He was 
chosen a Deputy, and being a close friend of Eugine 
de Rastignac, showed great hostility to Sallenauve, 
and voted against the confirmation of his colleague's 
election, in order to gratify Maxime de Trailles. Fran- 
chessini maintained ultimate relations with Jacques 
Collin, alias Vautrin, almost all his life. — Old Goriot. 
— The Deputy from Arcis. — The Comte de SaBenauve. 

Francine. — ^See Cottin (Francine). 

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Frangois (Abb6), cur6 of the parish church at 
Alencon in 1816. — A " Cheverus on a small scale," 
he had taken the constitutional oath under the Revo- 
lution, and for that reason was despised by the 
"ultras" of the town, although he was a model of 
charity and virtue. Abb6 Francois frequented the 
salons of Monsieur and Madame du Bousquier and 
Monsieur and Madame Granson; but Monsieur du 
Bousquier and Athanase Granson were the only 
ones who were glad to see him. In his last days, 
he was reconciled with the incumbent of Saint- 
Leonard, the aristocratic church of Alencon, and 
died universally deplored. — The Old Maid. 

Frangois, first valet of the Mar^chal Comte de 
Montcornet, at Aigues, in 1823; specially assigned 
to the service of Emile Blondet when the journalist 
was visiting there; wages, twelve hundred francs. 
Francois possessed Montcornet's confidence and 
secrets. — The Peasants. 

Fransois, in 1822, driver of a diligence between 
Paris and Beaumont-sur-Oise, belonging to the 
Touchard company. — He made a communication to 
the innkeeper at Saint-Brice, which was repeated 
by him to L6ger the farmer, and proved to be a 
very useful revelation to him. — A Start in Ufe. 

Fransoise, in the service of Madame Crochard,' 
on Rue Saint-Louis,* in the Marais, in 1822. — A 

• Now Rue TureniM. 

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toothless old creature, thirty years in service. She 
was present during her mistress's last moments; 
she was the fourth mistress she had buried. — A 
Double Family. 

Frangoise, servant of the Minards in 1840. — 
The Petty Bourgeois. 

Frappart, in 1839, proprietor of the dance-hall at 
Arcis-sur-Aube, where the meeting of electors was 
held at which Colonel Giguet presided, and Dor- 
lange-Sallenauve was nominated as a candidate for 
Deputy. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Frappier, the best carpenter in Provins in 1827- 
1828. — Jacques Brigaut entered his employ as a 
journeyman when he went to the little town to be 
near the friend of his childhood, Pierrette Lorrain. 
Frappier took her in when she left Rogron's house. 
He was married. — Pierrette. 

Fr6d6ric, one of the editors of Finot's newspaper 
in 1821. — It was part of his duty to criticise the 
plays performed at the TheAtre-Francais and the 
Odeon. — Lost Illusions. 

Frclu (La Grande), a peasant-girl of Croisic. 
She had a child by Simon Gaudry. Acted as nurse 
to Pierrette Cambremer, whose mother died when 
she was very young. As the child's father was 
very poor, he sometimes owed Frelu two or three 
months' wages. — A Seashore Drama. 

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Fr6miot (Jean-Baptiste), professor, living, in 
1828, on Rue de la Montagne-Sainte-Geneviftve, 
No. 22, in the same house with the Marquis d'Es- 
pard, to whom he was slightly hostile, as was Edme 
Becker, the other tenant. — The Interdiction. 

Fresconi, an Italian who conducted a silk-worm 
nursery on Boulevard du Montparnasse and Rue 
Notre-Dame des Champs, under the Restoration, 
until 1828. — The business did not thrive; Barbet 
the bookseller had funds invested in it, and the 
nursery became his property; he transformed it 
into a lodging-house: Baron de Bourlac lived there 
with his daughter and grandson. — The Other Side of 
Contemporaneous History* 

Fresquin, formerly employed in the Department 
of Roads and Bridges; married, father of a family. — 
Under Louis-Philippe, employed by Gr^goire Gerard 
in the hydraulic operations undertaken by Madame 
Graslin at Mont^gnac. In 1843, Fresquin was ap- 
pointed tax collector of the canton. — The tillage 

Frisch (Samuel), a Jew; jeweller on Rue Saint- 
Avoie,* in 1829; Esther Gobseck was his customer 
and his debtor; he bought, sold, and lent money 
on pawn-tickets. — Splendors and Miseries of Cour- 

* Part of tht present Rut do Templt. betwtM Rot Salnt-Mtrry tmi Rut 

das HaadristUt. 

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Fritaud (Abbe), priest at Sancerre, in 1836, at 
the time when Dinah de la Baudraye shone resplen- 
dent there, with the sobriquet of the Sappho of 
Saint-Satur. — The Muse of the Department. 

Fritot, dealer in shawls in the Bourse quarter, 
under Louis-Philippe. — A rival of Gaudissart, he 
succeeded in selling a worthless shawl for six thou- 
sand francs to Mistress Noswell, a whimsical and 
suspicious Englishwoman. — Fritot was sometimes 
invited to the king's table. — Gaudissart II. 

Fritot (Madame), wife of the preceding. — After 
the success of the shawl trick, which was played 
in the presence of Jean-Jacques Bixiou and Fabien 
du Ronceret, she gave orders to the fair-haired young 
clerk, Adolphe. — Gaudissart II. 

Froidfond (Marquis de), born about 1777; noble- 
man of Maine-et-Loire. — ^When he was very young, 
he squandered his patrimony and sold his chateau 
near Saumur; it was bought, at a low price, for 
Ffelix Grandet, in 181 1, through Cruchot the notary. 
In 1827, the Marquis de Froidfond was a widower, 
with children; there was a rumor that he was to be 
made a peer of France. At that time, Madame des 
Grassins tried to persuade Eugenie Grandet, whose 
father and mother had died, that she could marry 
the marquis if she chose, and that her father had 
had that marriage in his mind. In 1832, when 
Cruchot de Bonfons's death left Eugenie a widow, 

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the marquis's family tried to arrange a marriage 
between her and Monsieur de Froidfond. — EugMe 

Promaget, physician at Arcis-sur-Aube, under 
Louis-Philippe. — As he was not employed at the 
chateau de Gondreville, he seemed disposed to in- 
trigue against the Kellers; that is why he probably 
voted for Simon Giguet in the elections of 1839. — 
The Deputy from Arcis. 

Fromenteau, police agent. — He had belonged to 
the political police of Louis XVIII. with Contenson; 
in 1845, h^ assisted the civil officers to discover 
persons prosecuted for debt. Happening to meet 
Sylvestre-Palafox-Castel Gazonal at Theodore Gail- 
lard's, he gave some curious information concerning 
the different kinds of police to the amazed provin- 
cial, who was chaperoned by his cousin L6on de 
Lora and Blxiou the caricaturist. Though an old 
man, Fromenteau was not indifferent to women, 
and still seemed to court them. — The Involuntary 

Puncal (Comte de), one of the assumed names 
of Bourignard, under which Henri de Marsay and 
Auguste de Maulincour met him at the Spanish 
embassy in Paris in 1820. — There was a genuine 
Comte de Funcal, a Portuguese-Brazilian, a sailor 
in his lifetime, whose appearance Bourignard copied 
exactly. To that end he was obliged to learn Eng- 
lish and Portuguese, though he was advanced in 

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years. The genuine Funcal may have been " sup- 
pressed " with violence by the usurper of his name 
and title. — History of tlie Thirteen: Ferragus. 

Gabilleau, deserter from the Seventeenth of the 
Line, and chauffeur; executed at Tulle, under the 
Empire, on the very day on which he had planned 
to escape. — He was one of the accomplices of Far- 
rabesche, who availed himself of a hole cut through 
the wall of his dungeon by the condemned man to 
make his own escape. — The yiUage Curd. 

Gabriel, born about 1790, messenger in the 
department of finance, and check-taker at one of 
the royal theatres, under the Restoration; a Savoy- 
ard; nephew of Antoine, the oldest messenger 
in the department; husband of an expert lace 
laundress and mender of shawls. He lived with 
his uncle Antoine and another relation, also em- 
ployed in the department, Laurent the usher. — The 
Civil Service. 

Gabusson, cashier in the employ of Dauriat, the 
Palais-Royal publisher, in 1821. — Lost Illusions. 

Gaillard (Theodore), journalist, proprietor, or 
managei of newspapers. In 1822, with Hector Mer- 
lin, he founded a royalist and romantic newspaper. 

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in the columns of which Lucien de Rubempre» 
palinodist, waved aloft opinions agreeable to the 
government of that day, and " slaughtered " a very 
fine book written by his friend Daniel d'Arthez. — 
Lost niusfons. — Under Louis-Philippe he was one 
of the proprietors of one of the most important 
political journals. — Beatrix. — Splendors and Miseries 
of Courtesans. — In 1845, ^^s manager of an impor- 
tant paper. Formerly a bright man, " he had ended 
by becoming stupid by dint of remaining in the 
same environment." His conversation was strewn 
with quotations from popular plays, which he ut- 
tered with the intonation and accent given them by 
famous actors. Gaiilard was very strong in his 
imitations of Odry, and even stronger with Fre- 
derick Lemattre. He lived at that time in Rue de 
Menars. He received there L6on de Lor a, Jean- 
Jacques Bixiou, and Sylvestre-Palafox-Castel Gazo- 
nal. — The Involuntary Comedians. 

Gaiilard (Madame Th6odore), born at Alencon, 
about 1800; baptismal name, Suzanne. — *'A Norman 
beauty, fresh and plump and blooming." One of 
Madame Lardot the laundress's work-girls in i8i6» 
the year in which she left her native town after ex- 
torting money from Monsieur du Bousquier by con- 
vincing him that she was with child by him. The 
Chevalier de Valois was very fond of Suzanne, but 
he did not allow himself to be caught in the same 
trap. Suzanne, after her arrival in Paris, speedily 
became a fashionable courtesan. A short time after 

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her departure, she reappeared for a moment in 
Alencon/ ostensibly to attend Athanase Granson's 
funeral, and wept with the grief-stricken mother, to 
whom she said, as she took her leave: "I loved 
him!'' At the same time, she spoke contemptuously 
of the marriage of Mademoiselle Cormon and Mon- 
sieur du Bousquier, thus avenging the deceased and 
the Chevalier de Valois.— 7i»^ Old Maid.— Under 
the name of Madame du Val-Noble, she became 
famous in the world of gallantry and art. — In 1821- 
1822, she was Hector Merlin's mistress; at that 
time, she received Lucien de Rubempre, Rastignac, 
Bixiou, Chardin des Lupeaulx, Finot, Blondet, Vi- 
gnon, Nucingen, Beaudenord, Philippe Bridau, and 
Conti. — Lost IBusions. — La RabouUleuse. — After 
being kept by Jacques Falleix, the broker who 
failed, she was momentarily, in 1830, the mistress 
of Peyrade, concealed beneath the name of Samuel 
Johnson, "the nabob." She was intimate with 
Esther Gobseck, who occupied a house on Rue 
Saint-Georges that was furnished for her, Suzanne, 
by Falleix, and purchased by Nucingen for Esther. 
— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — In 1838, 
she married Thfeodore Gaillard, her lover since 
1830; in 1845, on Rue Menars, she received, some- 
what unexpectedly, Leon de Lora, Jean-Jacques 
Bixiou, and Sylvestre-Palafox-Castel Gazonal. — 
Biatrix. — The Involuntary Comedians. 

* She stayed at the Hfttel du More, now the Caf^ de la Renaissance, and In 
XT99 the !nn of the Trois Maurts, where Montauraa and Mademoiselle de 
Vemeull first met 

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Gaillard» one of the three keepers who succeeded 
Courtecuisse in the care of General de Montcornet's 
property at Aigues, under the orders of Michaud. — 
An old soldier, some time sub-lieutenant, riddled 
with wounds; he had on his hands a natural daugh- 
ter who lived with him. — The Peasants. 

Galard, market-gardener at Auteuil, father of 
Madame Lemprun and maternal grandfather of Ma- 
dame Jer6me Thuillier; he died at a great age, as 
the result of an accident, in 1817. — The Peasants. 

Galard (Mademoiselle), old maid, owner of an 
estate on Rue du Perron, Besancon. — ^In 1834, she 
let the first floor of her house to Albert Savaron de 
Savarus, who took for his servant the former valet 
de chambre of the late Monsieur Galard, Mademoi- 
selle Galard's father. — Albert Savarus. 

Galardon, collector of taxes at Provins. — Under 
the Restoration, he married Madame Veuve Guenee. 
— Pierrette. 

Galardon (Madame), born Tiphaine, elder sister 
of Monsieur Tiphaine, president of the court at 
Provins. — Married first to one Guenee, and kept 
one of the largest retail dry-goods shops in Paris, 
at the sign of La Sceur de FamiUe, on Rue Saint- 
Denis. Toward the close of 181 5, she sold out to 
the Rogrons and retired to Provins. She had three 
daughters for whom she found husbands In the little 
town: the oldest married Monsieur Lesourd, king's 

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attorney; the second, Monsieur Martener, physician; 
the third, Monsieur Auffray, notary; subsequently 
she herself married for her second husband Monsieur 
Galardon, receiver of taxes. She invariably added 
to her signature: ** born Tiphaine.*' She defended 
Pierrette Lorrain, and was bitterly hostile to the 
liberals of Provins, who were induced to persecute 
the Rogron's ward. — Pierrette. 

Galathionne (Prince and Princess), Russians. 
— The prince was one of Madame de Maufrigneuse's 
lovers. — The Secrets of La Princesse de Cadignan.-^ 
In September, 1815, he "protected" La Minoret, 
a famous dancer at the Opera, to whose daughter 
he gave a dowry. — The Petty Bourgeois. — In 1819, 
Marsay, appearing in Princesse Galathionne's box 
at the Italiens, placed Madame de Nucingen on the 
rack.— 0/rf Goriot. — In 1821, Lousteau remarked 
that *'the story of Prince Qalathionne's diamonds, 
the Maubreuil affair, and the Pombreton succession '* 
were very lucrative subjects of blackmail for the 
newspapers. — LostlOusions. — In 1834-1835, Princess 
Galathionne gave balls which Comtesse F6lix de 
Vandenesse attended. — A Daughter of Eve. — About 
1840, the prince tried to steal Madame Schontz from 
the Marquis de Rochefide; but she said to him: 
" Prince, you are no handsomer, but you are older 
than Rochefide; you would beat me, and he is like a 
father to me." — Beatrix. 

Galope-Chopine. — See Cibot. 

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Gamard (Sophie), old maid; owner of a house 
at Tours, on Rue de la Psalette,* which stood back 
to back with the church of Saint-Gatien, and part of 
which she let to priests. — Abb6s Troubert, Chape- 
loud, and Francois Birotteau had lodgings there. 
The house had been purchased from the nation, 
during the Terror, by Mademoiselle Gamard's father, 
a dealer in wood, a sort of parvenu peasant. Made- 
moiselle Gamard boarded her ecclesiastical lodgers. 
After warmly welcoming Abb6 Birotteau to her 
house, she conceived an intense dislike for him, 
being secretly incited thereto by Troubert, and she 
went so far as to turn him out of his apartment and 
separate him from the furniture of which he was so 
fond. Mademoiselle Gamard died of a sudden chill in 
1826. Troubert spread far and wide the report that 
Birotteau had caused her death by the troubles he 
had brought upon the old maid. — The Curd of Tours. 

Gambara (Paolo), musician, born at Cremona in 
1 791, son of an instrument-maker, an excellent per- 
former and a very talented composer, who was 
driven from his house by the French, and ruined by 
the war. These events drove Paolo Gambara to a 
wandering life at the ag^ of ten. He enjoyed no 
tranquillity and found no situation that was endur- 
able to him until 181 3, in Venice. At that time, an 
opera written by him', Mahomet, was given at the 
Fenice theatre and failed miserably. Nevertheless, 

• Rue dc la Psatette. inhabited largaly by •ccleslastict at th« bc^lnniiig of 
the century. It now Inhabited by loundrctses. 

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he obtained the hand of Marianina, whom he loved, 
and with her travelled all over Germany, to settle 
at last in Paris, where, in 1831, he occupied a 
wretched apartment on Rue Froidmanteau.* The 
musician, a most accomplished theorist, could not 
succeed in putting any of his remarkable ideas in 
practice, and he played to his amazed auditors 
shapeless compositions which he took for sublime 
flights of inspiration ; but he analyzed Robert U 
Diable with great fire, Andrea Marcosini having 
procured him a ticket to a performance of Meyer- 
beer's masterpiece. In 1837, he was reduced to 
tuning musical instruments, and sometimes he and 
his wife sang duets in the open air on the Champs- 
Elys^s, to pick up a few sous. Emilio and Mas- 
similla di Varese sympathized deeply with the 
Gambaras, whom they met in the neighborhood of 
Faubourg Saint-Honor6. Paolo Gambara had no 
common-sense except when he was drunk. He had 
invented a strange instrument which he called the 
panharmomcan. — Gambara. 

Gambara (Marianina), a Venetian, wife of Paolo 
Gambara. — She led with him a life of almost uninter- 
rupted poverty, and for a long time supported the 
household, in Paris, with her needle. Her customers 
on Rue Froidmanteau were principally prostitutes, 
who were very generous, however, and full of con- 
sideration for her. From 1831 to 1836, Marianina 

•This street, which disappeared at least thirty years «ro. was sttoated ob 
the site of the Magaslns du Loavre. 

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deserted her husband; she went off with a lover, 
Count Andrea Marcosini, who abandoned her after 
five years to marry a ballet-dancer, and, in January, 
1837, she returned to Gambara, gaunt, withered, 
and faded, '*a sort of nervous skeleton,'* to resume 
a life that had become more wretched than ever. — 

Gandolphini (Prince), Neapolitan, formerly an 
adherent of King Murat. — A victim of the last Revo- 
lution, he was proscribed and miserably poor in 
1823. At that time, he was sixty-five years of age 
and seemed eighty; he lived modestly, with his 
young wife, at Gersau, — Canton of Lucerne, — 
under the English name of Lovelace. He also 
represented himself as a certain Lamporani, then 
a famous publisher of Milan. When the prince 
resumed his true features before Rodolphe, he said: 
** I know how to make myself up; I acted at Paris, 
under the Empire, with Bourrienne, Madame Murat, 
Madame d'Abrant^s et tutti ^wan/i.''— Character in 
a novel, Ambitious Through Love, published by 
Albert Savarus in the Rtvue de rEst, in 1834. 
With the aid of assumed names, the author told 
his own story; Rodolphe was himself; Prince 
and Princesse Gandolphini represented the Due and 
Duchesse d'ArgaTolo. — Albert Savarus. 

Gandolphini (Princesse), born Francesco Co- 
lonna, a Roman of illustrious origin, fourth child of 
Prince and Princess Colonna. — When very young. 

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she married Prince Gandolphini, one of the richest 
landholders of Sicily. Hiding under the name of Miss 
Lovelace, she met Rodolphe in Switzerland, and was 
loved by him. — Heroine of the novel entitled Am- 
bitious Through Love, published by Albert Savarus 
in the Revue de l*Est in 1834; in it he told his own 
story, using fictitious names. — Albert Savarus. 

Ganivet, bourgeois of Issoudun. In 1822, in a 
conversation in which much was said about Max- 
ence Gilet, Commandant Potel threatened to make 
Ganivet "swallow his tongue without any sauce,** 
if he continued to speak ill of Flore Brazier's lover. 
— La Rabouilleuse. 

Ganivet (Mademoiselle), a woman of Issoudun, 
" as ugly as the seven capital sins.*' — ^She succeeded 
none the less in seducing a certain Borniche-Hereau, 
who left her three thousand francs a year, in 1778. 
— La Rabouilleuse. 

Gannerac, carter at AngoulSme; in 1821-1822, 
involved in the affair of the notes signed by Lucien 
de Rubempr^ in the name of David S6chard. — Lost 

Garangeot, in 181 5, obtained the b&ton of leader 
of the orchestra, formerly wielded by Sylvain Pons, 
in a large popular theatre managed by Felix Gaudis- 
sart. — Cousin of HfeloTse Brisetout, who obtained 
the place for him. Pons said of Garangeot that he 

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had asked him for the place of first violinist, but 
that he had no talent and was incapable of com- 
posing an air: he added, however, that he was a 
very bright man and wrote excellent newspaper 
articles on musical subjects. — Cousin Pons. 

Garceland, mayor of Provins, under the Resto- 
ration; Gu6pin's son-in-law. — He indirectly defended 
Pierrette Lorrain against the machinations of the 
Liberal party of the little town, led by Mattre Vinet 
and represented by Rogron. — Pierrette. 

Garcenault (De), first president of the court at 
Besancon in 1834. — He urged the chapter of the 
cathedral to retain Albeft Savarus as counsel in 
their litigation with the town in relation to the 
conflicting claims to the buildings of the former con- 
vent; Albert Savarus ^cted for the chapter, and 
won the suit. — Albert Savarus. 

Garnery, one of the two cotnmissaires aux diU* 
gations in May, 1830; employed by the procureur- 
general De GranviHe to go tdteize the letters written 
to Lucien de Rubempr6 by Madame de Serizy, the 
Duchesse de Maufrigneuse^ and Mademoiselle Clo- 
tilde de Grandlieu,rT-letters which were in the cus- 
tody of Jacqueline Gollin, and which Vautrin agreed 
to surrender.-^ J]k^' Lasi Incarnation of Vautrin. 

Gara (Tbe).-^See Montauran (Marquis Alphonsc 


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Gasnier, a peasant living in the neighborhood of 
Grenoble; born about 1789. — Married, the father 
of several children whom he loved dearly, but un- 
able to reconcile himself to the loss of the eldest; 
Doctor Benassis, mayor of the commune, mentioned 
this paternal affection to Commandant Genestas as 
a very rare thing among agricultural workers. — The 
Country Dociot. 

Gasselin, Breton, born in 1794, servant of the 
Gufenics at Guferande in 1836, and for twenty-seven 
years previous to that time. A short, thick-set man, 
with black hair and sunburned face, taciturn, and 
slow of movement. He took care of the garden 
and the horses. In 1832, at the time of the 
Duchesse de Berri's insane enterprise, in which 
Gasselin took part with the Baron du Guenic and 
his son Calyste, the faithful fellow received a sword- 
cut in the shoulder while shielding the young man. 
This action seemed so natural to the family that 
Gasselin was hardly thanked for it. — Biairix. 

Gaston (Louis), elder of the natural sons of 
Lady Brandon, born in 1805. — After his mother's 
death, in the early years of the Restoration, though 
still a mere child, he was like a father to his 
younger brother, Marie Gaston, whom he placed 
at school at Tours; then he enlisted as cabin-boy 
on a man-of-war. After rising to the rank of cap- 
tain in the service of an American republic, and 
acquiring wealth in the Indies, he died at Calcutta, 

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early in the reign of Louis-Philippe, as a result of 
the failure of the "famous Halmer," and just as he 
was about to return to France, married and happy. 
— La Grenadiire. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. 

Gaston (Marie), second of the natural sons of 
Lady Brandon, born in 1810; educated at the col- 
lege at Tours, from which he graduated in 1827; a 
poet, befriended by Daniel d'Arthez, who often gave 
him a bite, and a place to sleep. — At Madame d'Es- 
pard's, in 1831, he met Louise de Chaulieu, Baron 
de Macumer's widow, and married her in October, 
1833, although his only fortune consisted of debts to 
the amount of thirty thousand francs and she was 
older than he. Living in seclusion at Ville-d'Avray, 
they were perfectly happy until the day that the 
jealous Louise conceived baseless suspicions con- 
cerning her husband's loyalty; she died of jealousy, 
after they had been married two years. During 
those two years, Marie Gaston composed at least 
four plays; one of them, written in collaboration 
with his wife, was performed with the greatest suc- 
cess at Paris, under the names of Nathan and Mes- 
sieurs * * * — La Grenadiere. — Memoirs of Two 
Young Wives. — In his early youth, Marie Gaston had 
published a volume of poems at the expense of his 
friend Dorlange, Les Perce-neige,* the whole edition 
of which, originally sold at three sous a volume to 
a dealer in old books, inundated the quays from 
Pont Royal to Pont Marie one fine day. After his 

* The Snowdrops. 

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wife's death, Marie Qa^ton travelled, but was never 
able to console himself. He became insane, and 
died in 1839 at the insane asylum at Hanwell, 
England, shot by another inmate. — The Deputy 
from Afcis. — The Comte de Sallenauve. 

Gaston (Madame Louis), an Englishwoman, cold 
and formal; wife of Louis Gaston; married, prob- 
ably, in India, where she lost her husband as the 
result of commercial disasters.-^She returned to 
France, a widow with two children and without 
means, and threw herself on the hands of her 
brother-in-law, who visited her and assisted her se- 
cretly. She lived on Rue de la Ville-rEvfique, 
Paris. Marie Gaston's visits to her were reported 
to his wife, who became wildly jealous, not knowing 
who she was, and thus Madame Louis Gaston was 
the indirect cause of Madame Marie Gaston's death. 
She subsequently went to India again, then returned 
to France, and became in a certain sense responsi- 
ble for another casualty: she had gone to visit 
her brother-in-law at Hanwell, with her two chil- 
dren; the madman, driven wild by the sight of the 
children, seized one of them, rushed with him to 
the top of a tower, and threatened to hurl him to the 
ground; another madman, seeing the danger, seized 
a gun, and shot Marie Gaston, taking aim with such 
precision that the child was saved. — Memoirs of Two 
Young IVives. — The Comte de Sattenauve. 

Gaston (Madame Marie), born Armande-Louise- 
Marie de Chaulieu, in 180$. Originally destined 

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for the veil, she was educated at the Carmelite con- 
vent at Blois with Ren6e de Maucombe, who became 
Madame de I'Estorade ; she maintained constant 
relations, by letter at least, with this faithful 
friend and wise and prudent counsellor. Louise de 
Chaulieu married, in 1825, her Spanish teacher, the 
Baron de Macumer, whom she lost in 1829 and, in 
1833, she contracted a second marriage with Marie 
Gaston the poet. Both marriages were sterile; in 
the first, she was worshipped, and believed that she 
loved; in the second, she was loved as dearly as 
she herself loved, but hier frantic jealousy, her long 
rides from ViIle-d*Avray to Verdier's, destroyed her 
health, and she died, in 1835, ^^ consumption, con- 
tracted purposely, in desperation at the thought that 
her husband was false to her. After leaving the 
Carmelites at Blois, Madame Marie Gaston lived in 
Faubourg Saint-Germain, Paris, where she saw 
Monsieur de Bonald ; at Chantepleur, an estate in 
Bourgogne; at La Crampade, in Provence, with Ma- 
dame de TEstorade; in Italy; and at Ville-d'Avray, 
where she sleeps her last sleep in a park of her own 
designing. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. 

Gatienne, servant to Madame and Mademoiselle 
Bontems, at Bayeux, in 1805. — A Double Family. 

Gaubert, one of the most illustrious generals of 
the Republic; first husband of a Mademoiselle de 
Ronquerolles, whom he left a widow at twenty, 
making her his sole heir. Madame Veuve Gaubert, 
the Marquis de Ronquerolles's sister, married again. 

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in 1806; her second husband was the Comte de 
Serizy. — A Start in Life. 

Gaubertin (Francois), born about 1770, son of 
the ex'baiUi of Soulanges, in Bourgogne, before the 
Revolution. — In 1791, after five years* service as 
clerk to Mademoiselle Laguerre's steward at Aigues, 
he succeeded to that office. His father, the bailli, 
having become public accuser for the department 
under the Republic, Francois was at the same time 
chosen mayor of Blangy. In 1796, he married Citi- 
zeness Isaure Mouchon, by whom he had three chil- 
dren: a son, Claude, and two girls, Jenny — Madame 
Leclercq — ^and Elisa. He also had a natural son, 
Bournier, whom he set up in business as printer and 
manager of a local newspaper. At Mademoiselle La- 
guerre's death, Gaubertin, after twenty-five years' 
stewardship, possessed six hundred thousand francs; 
he had eventually gone so far as to dream of becoming 
the owner of Aigues; but the Marquis de Montcornet 
bought it, retained him as steward, surprised him in 
the act of peculation, and dismissed him ignomini- 
ously. Gaubertin, in fact, received divers blows 
with a hunting-whip, of which he did not boast, but 
for which he had his revenge. Despite his disgrace, 
the ex-steward became a personage of importance. 
In 1820, he was mayor of Ville-aux-Fayes, and 
supplied Paris with about one-third of its wood; 
being the general agent of that branch of commerce 
in the province, he had charge of the forests, super- 
intended the felling of trees, the employment of 

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keepers, etc. By his genealogical connections, Gau- 
bertin covered a whole arrondissement, 'Mike a 
boa-constrictor twined about a gigantic tree;" the 
church, the magistracy, the municipality, the gov- 
ernment officials, were at his beck and call. Even 
the peasants served his interests indirectly. When 
the general, disgusted by innumerable annoyances, 
was driven to sell Aigues, Gaubertin became the 
purchaser of the woodland, and his confederates, 
Rigou and Soudry, obtained the vineyards and the 
other lots. — The Peasants. 

Gaubertin (Madame), born Isaure Mouchon, in 
1778. — Daughter of a member of the Convention, 
who was a friend of the elder Gaubertin; wife of 
Francois Gaubertin ; a . simp)ering creature who 
played the part of a woman of fashion at Ville- 
aux-Fayes with great effect; she affected the pas- 
sionate-virtuous type. She had the king's attorney 
for her attendant in 1823; her paiito, she called him. 
— The Peasants. 

Gaubertin (Claude), son of Francois Gaubertin, 
godson of Mademoiselle Laguerre, at whose expense 
he was educated in Paris; the most actively em- 
ployed solicitor at Ville-aux-Fayes in 18^3; he talked 
of selling his office after five years' practice. He 
probably became a judge. — The Peasants. 

Gaubertin (Jenny), Francois Gaubertin's eldest 
daughter. — ^See Madame Leclercq. 

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Gaubertin (Elisa or Elise), Francois Gaubertin's 
second daughter. — Loved, courted, and coveted, 
since 1819, by the sub-prefect of Vilie-aux-Fayes, 
Monsieur des Lupeaulx — nephew. — On the other 
hand. Monsieur Lupin, notary at Soulanges, sought 
the young woman's hand for his only son, Amaury. 
— TTie Peasants. 

Gaubertii^-Vallat (Mademoiselle), old maid, sis- 
ter to Madan^Q Sibilet, wife of the clerk of the court 
at Ville-aux-Fayes; in 1823, she kept the stamp- 
office in that town. — The Peasants. 

Gaucher was, in 1803, ^ '^^ ^^ the employ of 
Michu, steward of the Gondreville estate. By his 
constant chattering, not altogether disinterested, he 
kept farmer Violette informed of everything, no 
matter how trivial, that was done or said by his 
master, who, however, believed that he was faith- 
ful. — j4 Dark Affair. 

Gaudebert, baptismal name borne by all male 
representatives of the family of Guenic. — Bdatrix. 

Gaudet, second clerk in Desroches the solicitor's 
office in 1824. Twice he made a slight error in 
keeping his '-petty cash,*' and doubtless resigned 
his place by the advice of the head-clerk, Gode- 
schal. — A Start in Life. 

Gaudin, major In the horse grenadiers of the 
Garde Imperiale, created a baron of the Empire, 

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with the estate of Wistchnau or Vitschnau; taken 
prisoner by the Cossacks at the passage of the 
Ber^ina, he escaped and went to India, and nothing 
more was heard of him; he returned to France, 
however, in 1830, in very poor health, but many 
times a millionaire. — The Magic Skin. 

Gaudin (Madame), wife of the preceding, kept 
the Hdtel Saint-Quentin,* Rue des Cordiers, Paris, 
under the Restoration. — Among her lodgers was 
Raphael de Valentin. — On her husband's return, 
about 1830, she became wealthy and a baroness. — 
The Magic Skin. 

Gaudin (Pauline), daughter of the preceding; 
knew, loved, and with great delicacy assisted Raphael 
de Valentin, then living in poverty at the Hfttel 
Saint-Quentin. — After her father's return, she lived 
with her parents on "Rue Saint-Lazare. She had not 
seen Raphael for a long while, — ^for he had left the 
Hfttel Saint-Quentin^ without warning, — ^when she 
met him one evening at the Thfeatre des Italiens: 
they fell into 'eaich' other's arms and avowed their 
mutual love. « As 'Raphael, too, had become rich, he 
determined to- marry Pauline;' but, alarmed by the 
shrinking of the '* magic skin/* he abruptly fled from 
her and returned to Paris: Pauline hurried in pur- 
suit, and her lover, in a final outburst of frantic and 
powerless love, died on her bare bosom after leaving 
the marks of his teeth upon \X^—The Magic Skin. 

* Now dlMpp«Ared ; Je«n-Jacqu«s Rousseau an4 George Sand both lived 

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Gaudissart (Jean-Francois), father of F^lix Gau- 
dissart. — Cdsar BirotUau. 

Gaudissart (Felix), born in 1792, an '' illus- 
trious" commercial traveller, engaged more espe- 
cially in the hat trade; known to the Finots and at 
one time in the employ of Andoche Finot's father; 
also dealt in all "articles de Paris.** — In 1816, he 
was arrested on the denunciation of Peyrade — P^re 
Canquoelle. He had imprudently talked with a half- 
pay officer, at the Cafe David, of a conspiracy about 
to break out against the Bourbons. In this way the 
conspiracy was thwarted and two men were sent to 
the scaffold. Gaudissart, being discharged by Popi- 
not, who conducted the preliminary examination, was 
always grateful to the magistrate and devoted him- 
self to forwarding the interests of his nephew; as 
soon as he became a minister, Anselme Popinot ob- 
tained for Gaudissart a license for a large boulevard 
theatre which, in 1834, aimed to realize the dream 
of a popular Opera. At this theatre were employed 
Sylvain Pons, Schmucke, Wilhem Schwab, Garan- 
geot, and Helolse Brisetout, Gaudissart's mistress. 
The manager '* brutally made the most of his privi- 
lege,'* and dreamed of a political career. — Splendors 
and Miseries of Courtesans. — Cousin Pons. — The 
" illustrious " Gaudissart, then a young man, was 
present at the famous ball given by Cfesar Birotteau, 
in December, 1818, somewhat against the will of the 
perfumer, who reproached him with having been in 
tlie grasp of the law. — About that time, he probably 

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lived on Rue des Deux-Ecus, and frequented the 
Vaudeville.* — Cdsar Bkotteau. — Under the Restora- 
tion, " a pretended commission dealer in flowers," 
recommended by Judge Popinot to Comte Octave 
de Bauvan, he purchased, at exorbitant prices, the 
flowers made by Honor ine; she liked the gold pieces 
Gaudissart gave her, as well as Byron liked Mur- 
ray's. — Honorine. — At Vouvray, In 1831, this man, 
so accustomed to gull others, was himself gulled in 
a very amusing way by a former dyer, a sort of 
*' country Figaro," named Vernier. A duel without 
consequences ensued. After the adventure, Gaudis- 
sart boasted that he had come out of it advantage- 
ously. He was, " in that Saint-Simonian period," 
Jenny Courand's lover. — The Illustrious Gaudissart. 

Gaudron (Abb6), Auvergnat; vicar, afterward 
cur6 of the church of Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis, Rue 
Saint-Antoine, Paris, under the Restoration and the 
government of July. — A peasant, overflowing with 
faith, square below and above, a "sacerdotal ox," 
utterly ignorant of the world and of literature. 
Being Isidore Baudoyer's confessor, he exerted 
himself, in 1824, to procure the promotion of that 
incapable chief of bureau. In the same year, he 
was present at a dinner-party at Comte Octave de 
Bauvan's, with Messieurs de Serizy, de Granville, 
Maurice de THostal, and Abb^ Loraux, cure of the 

*Thls theatre was then situated on Rue de Chartres. n^ar Place du Palais- 
Royal ; of these two public highways, the first has disappeared and the 
second Is greatly changed. 

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Blancs-Manteaux, when the subjects of woman, 
marriage, and adultery were discussed. — The Civil 
Service. — Honorine. — In 1826, Abbe Gaudron con- 
fessed Madame Clapart and led her into religion; 
the former Aspasia of the Directory had not ap- 
peared at the "tribunal of repentance*' for forty 
years. In the month of February, 1830, the priest 
obtained the dauphiness's patronage for Oscar 
Husson, son of Madame Clapart by her first hus- 
band, and that young man was made a sub-lieu- 
tenant in the regiment in which he was serving as 
a subaltern. — A Start in Life. 

Gaudry (Simon), Breton peasant or fisherman, 
was the lover of La Grande Frelu, Pierrette Cam- 
bremer's nurse. — A Seashore Drama. 

Gault, warden of the Conciergerie in May, 1830, 
when Jacques Collin and Lucien Chardon de Ru- 
bempr§ were imprisoned there; he was then an old 
man. — The Last Incarnation of k^autrin. 

Gay, bootmaker' at Paris, Rue de la Michodi^re, 
in 1821, had supplied Lucien de Rubempr6 with 
certain boots which, being left in Coralie's apart- 
ments, apprized tamusot, the actress's protector, 
that she was false to him with the poet. — Ijost 

Gazonal (Sylvestre-Palafox-Castel), one of the 
most skilful weavers in the Pyrfenfees-Orientales, 

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commandant of the National Guard in September, 
1795. — Came to Paris, in 1845, to settle an im- 
portant lawsuit; called upon his cousin Leon de 
Lora, the landscape-painter, who, in one day, with 
Bixiou the caricaturist, showed him the nether side 
of the city and a whole gallery of "involuntary 
comedians,'* ballet-dancers, actresses, police agents, 
a painter, a fortune-teller, a dealer in costumes, a 
hatter, a hairdresser, a chiropodist, a concierge, 
a usurer, and politicians. Thanks to his two cice- 
rones, Gazonal won his lawsuit and returned to his 
province, after enjoying the favors of Jenny Cadine, 
Dejazet's illustrious rival, without loosing his purse- 
strings as he expected to be obliged to do. — The 
Involuntary Comedians. 

Gendrin, caricaturist, tenant of Monsieur Moli- 
neux on Cour Batave,* in 1818. — According to his 
landlord, this artist, a very immoral man, who drew 
caricatures against the government, brought women 
of ill-repute home with him and made the hall unin- 
habitable. He had done " infamous things worthy 
of Marat,'* and persisted in remaining in his empty 
apartment without paying. — Cisar Birotteau. 

Gendrin, brother-in-law of Gaubertin, the stew- 
ard of Aigues. — He had married Madame Gaubertin's 
sister, the other of the two daughters of Mouchon 
the member of the Convention; formerly an advo- 
cate, then for a long while a judge of the court of 

* The preMnt Rut Berger covert a portloR of the site off Cour Batave. 

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first instance at Ville-aux-Fayes, he finally became 
president of that court through the influence of tlie 
Comte de Soulanges, under the Restoration. — The 

Gendrin, counsellor at the court of a depart- 
mental chief town in Bourgogne, a distant kinsman 
of President Gendrin of Ville-aux-Fayes, contributed 
by his influence to secure the appointment of Sibilet 
as steward of General de Montcornet's estate of 
Aigues, vice Gaubertin, discharged. — The Peasants. 

Gendrin, only son of the president of the court 
at Ville-aux-Fayes ; recorder of mortgages in that 
sub-prefecture, in 1823. — The Peasants. 

Gendrin-Wattebled,— or Vatebled, — born about 
1733. — Head-keeper for the Department of Streams 
and Forests at Soulanges, from the reign of Louis 
XV.; he was still in oflice in 1823. A nonagenarian, 
he talked in his lucid moments about the jurisdic- 
tion of the Marble Table. He had reigned over 
Soulanges before the accession of Madame Soudry, 
born Cochet, the intellectual woman of that small 
town. — The Peasants. 

General (The), popular sobriquet of the Comte 
de Mortsauf . — The Lily of the VaU^. 

G6n6ral-Hardi. — See Herbomez, or D'Herbomez. 
— The Other Side of Contemporaneous History. 

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Genestas (Pierre-Joseph), born in 1779, officer 
of cavalry. — At first, an enfant de troupe^* afterward 
a soldier. Sub-lieutenant in 1802; officer of the 
Legion of Honor after the battle of the Moskowa; 
major of cavalry in 1829. In 1814, he married the 
widow of his friend Renard, a subaltern; she died 
very soon; she had a child whom Genestas ac- 
knowledged as his own, and whom — he was already 
a young man — he placed in charge of Doctor Benas- 
sis; he had heard his friend Gravier, of Grenoble, 
speak of the doctor, and he introduced himself to 
him by the name of Bluteau, in order that he might 
observe him at his leisure. In December, 1829, 
Genestas was promoted to the lieutenant-colonelcy 
of a regiment in garrison at Poitiers. — The Countty 

Genestas (Madame Judith), a Polish Jewess, 
born in 179$; married in 1812, after the Sarmatian 
fashion, to her lover. Quartermaster Renard, a 
Frenchman, who was killed in 1813. Judith pre- 
sented him with a son, Adrien, and survived the 
father a year. In extremis, she married Genestas, 
a once discarded lover, who adopted Adrien. — The 
Country Doctor. 

Genestas (Adrien), adopted son of Commandant 
C}enestas, born in 181 3; son of the Jewess Judith 
and of Renard, quartermaster, who was killed in 
181 3, before his child was born. — Adrien was a 

* A toMlcff^t child, brought ap in barracks at tht cxptnst of tht Stat*. 

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living portrait of his mother; he had her olive com* 
plexion, her lovely black eyes, intelligent and mel- 
ancholy, and a mass of black hair too heavy for his 
puny body. At sixteen, he seemed no more than 
twelve. He had fallen into evil habits, but after 
eight months with Doctor Benassis, he was thor- 
oughly cured and had become strong and robust. — 
The Countty Doctor. 

Genevieve, a weak-minded peasant girl, ugly 
and comparatively rich. — A friend and companion 
of the Comtesse de Vandiferes in her insanity, at 
the former convent of Bons-Hommes, near Isle- 
Adam, under the Restoration. Jilted by a mason 
named Dallot, who had promised to marry her, 
Genevieve lost what little intelligence love had 
developed in her. — Adieu. 

Genevieve, a strong, strapping servant-girl; cook 
in the Phellion family in 1840. — They also had at 
that time a little: male servant, fifteen years old. — 
The Petty Bourgeois. 

Genovese, tenor at the Fenice theatre, Venice, 
in 1820. — Born at Bergamo, in 1797; a pupil of 
Veluti. Being a lover, a platonic lover at the out- 
set, of La Xijitl, he sang outrageously ill in her pres- 
ence as long.^s she resisted him, but recovered all 
his powers, flS' soon as she abandoned herself to him. 
Massimilki PpttL-rTrl^ the wint<?r of 1823*1824, at 
Prince Gandolp^hini's, at Geneya, Genovese sang 

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with his mistress, an Italian prince then in exile, 
and Princesse Gandolphini, the famous quartette 
Mi manca la voce. — Albert Savarus. 

Gentil, servant in the Duchesse de Grandlieu's 
household in May, 1830, during the imprisonment 
and prosecution of Lucien Chardon de Rubempr^. — 
The Last Incarnation of l/autrin. 

Gentil, old footman in the service of Madame de 
Bargeton, at Angoulfime, under the Restoration. — 
During the summer of 1821, with Albertine and 
Lucien Chardon de Rubempre, he accompanied his 
mistress to Paris, and attended her at the Hfttel du 
Gaillard-Bois, near Rue de TEchelle, and afterward 
on Rue de Luxembourg, now Rue Cambon. — Lost 

Gentillet, in 183$, sold an old travelling cal^he 
to Albert Savarus when he was leaving Besancon 
after the visit of Prince Soderini, the Duchesse 
d'Argalolo's father. — The caltehe had belonged to 
the late Madame de Saint- Vier. — Albert Savarus. 

Gentillet (Madame), grandmother of Felix Gran- 
det on his mother's side. — ^She died in 1806, leaving 
considerable property. In Grandet's living-room 
at Saumur, there was a crayon sketch represent- 
ing Madame Gentillet as a shepherdess. Eugenie 
Grandet had among her treasures three gold Span- 
ish quadruples^ coined in 1729, under Philip V., 
given her by Madame Gentillet. — Euginie Grandet. 

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Georges, Comtesse Foedora's footman. — Tke 
Magic Skin. 

Georges, Baron de Nucingen's confidential valet, 
in the time of Charles X.; he was in the seaet 
of his sexagenarian roaster's love-affairs, and he 
served him or thwarted him at will. — Splendors and 
Miseries of Courtesans. 

Georges, coachman for Pauline Gaudin after she 
had become a millionaire and had changed her name 
to Pauline de Wistchnau or Vitschnau. — TTie Magic 

G6rard (Francois-Pascal-Simon, Baron), famous 
painter, — 1770-1837, — procured for Joseph Bridau, 
in 1818, an order for two copies of the portrait of 
Louis XVIII. which were worth to the novice, then 
very poor, a thousand francs, a sorely-needed wind- 
fall to the Bridau family. — LaRabouilleuse. — Gerard's 
Parisian salon, which was very select and admission 
to which was eagerly sought, had a rival in Made- 
moiselle des Touches's salon on Chauss^e d'Antin. — 

Gerard, adjutant-general of the Seventy-second 
demi-brigade under Hulot. — An excellent education 
had developed superior mental qualities in the adju- 
tant, who was a thorough-going republican. He 
was killed by the Chouan, Pille-Miche, at La Vive- 
ti&re. in December, 1799. — Tke Ckouans. 

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Gerard (Gregoire), born in 1802, probably In the 
Limousin; a Protestant, of somewhat unprepossess- 
ing exterior, son of a journeyman carpenter who 
died young, and godson of F. Grossetfite. — From the 
age of twelve, he had been urged by that banker 
toward the study of the exact sciences, because of 
an evident inclination in that direction; from nine- 
teen to twenty-one, he studied at the Ecole Poly- 
technique, then became a pupil in engineering at 
the school of the Department of Roads and Bridges, 
from which he graduated in 1826, at the age of 
twenty-four, and passed the examinations for the 
position of ordinary engineer two years later. He 
was a cool-headed, warm-hearted youth; he became 
disgusted with his profession when he realized its 
inconveniences, the wretched training for it provided 
by the State, and its limited scope, and he took a 
hand in the upheaval of July, 1830. He was, per- 
haps, on the point of adopting the Saint-Simonian 
doctrine, when Monsieur Grossetfite persuaded him 
to accept the superintendence of the extensive 
works undertaken by Madame Pierre Graslin, on 
her estates at Montegnac. — Haute- Vienne. — Gerard 
accomplished wonders there with the aid of his right- 
hand man, Fresquin, and the keen minds or sturdy 
characters of the men who answered to the names 
of Bonnet, Roubaud, Clousier, Farrabesche, and 
Ruffin; he became mayor of Montegnac in 1838. 
Madame Graslin died in 1844; Gerard complied with 
her various desires, and occupied her chateau; he 
assumed the guardianship of the orphan Francois 

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Graslin. Three months later, in further compli- 
ance with the wishes of the deceased, Gerard mar- 
ried a native of the province, Denise Tascheron, 
sister of a man who was executed in 1829. — The 
f^illage Curd. 

Gerard (Madame Gr^oire), wife of the prece- 
ding, born Denise Tascheron, of Mont^gnac, Limou- 
sin, the last child of a numerous family. — ^She poured 
out her sisterly affection on Jean-Francois Tascheron, 
the condemned man, visited him in prison and soft- 
ened his savage humor; assisted by another brother, 
Louis-Marie, she destroyed some compromising evi- 
dence of her eldest brother's crime, and restored 
the stolen money. She then left the country, and 
went with her family to America, where she became 
comparatively rich. Afflicted with homesickness, 
Denise Tascheron returned fifteen years later to 
Montfegnac, there recognized her brother's natural 
son, Francois Graslin, and became a second mother 
to him when she married Gerard the engineer. The 
marriage between the Protestant and the Catholic 
took place in 1844. *' ^^ grace and modesty, piety 
and beauty, Madame Gerard resembled the heroine 
of Edinburgh Prison." — The tillage Curi. 

G6rard (Madame), a poor and honest widow with 
grown-up daughters, kept a furnished lodging-house, 
in the latter years of the Restoration, on Rue Louis- 
le-Grand, Paris. — Having had reason to be grateful 
to Suzanne du Val-Noble, she took her in when she 

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was expelled from a fine apartment on Rue Saint- 
Georges by the ruin and flight of her '' protector," 
Jacques Falleix, the broker. Madame Gerard was 
in no way related to the Gferards previously men- 
tioned. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Germain, baptismal name by which Bonnet, 
Canalis's valet was more commonly called. — M>- 
deste Migmm. 

Giardini, Neapolitan cook, advanced in years, 
married. — Assisted by his wife, he kept a table 
d'hdte on Rue Froidmanteau, Paris, in 1830-1831. 
According to his own statement, he had formerly 
established three restaurants in Italy: at Naples, 
Parma, and Rome. In the first years of Louis- 
Philippe's reign, his ''insane" kitchen supplied 
Paolo Gambara with sustenance. In 1837, this 
unique madman had fallen from the estate of ** sub- 
lime restaurateur " to that of a wretched huckster, 
still on Rue Froidmanteau. — Gambara. 

Gibouiard (Gatienne), of Auxerre, a rich car- 
penter's very lovely daughter, was vainly desired in 
marriage, in 1823, by Sarcus, whose father, Sarcus 
the Rich, withheld his consent. Later, the habitues 
of Madame Soudry's salon, who represented the 
first society of a small town in the neighborhood, 
dreamed for a moment of avenging themselves on 
the proprietors of Aigues by setting Gatienne Gi- 
bouiard against them; she wouM have made trouble 

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between Monsieur and Madame Montcornet, and 
might have compromised Abbe Brossette. — The 

Gigelmi, an Italian orchestra conductor, who had 
taken refuge in Paris with the Gambaras, was a 
customer of Giardini on Rue Froidmanteau after the 
Revolution of 1830. Gigelmi resembled Beethoven 
in one respect at least, for he was dQdi.-^anibara. 

Gigonnet, picturesque and expressive sobriquet 
of Bidault. — ^See that name. 

Giguet (Colonel), probably a native of Arcis- 
sur-Aube, where he lived after he retired from the 
army; a brother of Madame Marion. One of the most 
highly esteemed officers of the Grande Armie; up- 
right, and endowed with a delicate sense of honor; 
for eleven years a simple captain of artillery in the 
Guard, senior captain in 181 3, major in 1814; be- 
cause of his attachment to Na|x>leon, he refused to 
serve the Bourbons after the first abdication and 
gave such proofs of devotion in 181 5 that he would 
have been banished had it not been for the Comte 
de Gondreville, whose influence procured for him a 
retiring pension with the rank of colonel. About 
1806, he had married one of the daughters of a rich 
banker of Hamburg, who bore him three children, 
and died in 1814. Between 1818 and 1825, Giguet 
also lost his two younger children, only the eldest of 
the three, a son named Simon, surviving. Being a 

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Bonapartist and a libera^ the colonel was president 
of the liberal committee of Arcis during the Restora- 
tion, and rubbed elbows with the heads of the 
Grevin, Beauvisage, and Varlet families, notable 
personages in the same boat. He abandoned active 
politics when his ideas triumphed, and in the reign 
of Louis-Philippe he became an eminent horticul- 
turist, the creator of the famous Giguet rose. 
Nevertheless, he continued to be the god of his sis- 
ter's very Influential salon, where he appeared in 
all his glory at the time of the legislative elections 
of 1839. Early in May of that year, the little old 
fellow, wonderfully well preserved, presided over a 
meeting of electors at Frappart's; the rival candi- 
dates being his own son, Simon Giguet; Phil^as 
Beauvisage; and Sallenauve-Dorlange. — The Deputy 
from Arcis. 

Giguet (Colonel), brother of the preceding and 
of Madame Marion, was brigadier of gendarmes at 
Arcis-sur-Aube in 1803. — He was promoted to a 
lieutenancy in x8o6. As brigadier, Giguet was one 
of the most reliable men in the service. The com- 
mandant at Troyes mentioned him particularly to 
the agents from Paris, Peyrade and Corentin, who 
had come into the province to watch the proceedings 
of the Simeuses and Hauteserres, which eventually 
led to the undoing of the young royalists through 
the consequences of the pretended abduction of 
Gondreville. An adroit manoeuvre on the part 
of young Francois Michu, however, prevented 

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Giguet at first from seizing the conspirators, whose 
hiding-place he had scented. — After his promotion, 
he succeeded in arresting them, and became colonel 
of gendarmerie at Troyes, whither Madame Marion, 
then Mademoiselle Giguet, accompanied him. Colo- 
nel Giguet died before his brother and sister, and 
left all his property to Madame Marion. — A Dark 
Affair. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Giguet (Simon), born under the first Empire, the 
oldest and only surviving child of Colonel Giguet of 
the artillery. — In 1814, he lost his mother, the 
daughter of a rich banker of Hamburg, and in 1826, 
his maternal grandfather, from whose estate he 
received only two thousand francs a year, the 
German having given preference to others of his 
numerous direct descendants. He had no hopes of 
any further inheritance, save that of his aunt, Ma- 
dame Marion, which had been augmented by that 
of Colonel Giguet of the gendarmerie. And so, 
after studying law with the sub-prefect Antonin 
Goulard, Simon Giguet, defrauded of a fortune 
which formerly seemed certain to be his, became a 
simple advocate in the little town of Arcis, where 
advocates are practically useless. His aunt's posi- 
tion and his father's led him to aspire to a political 
career. At the same time, he had an eye upon the 
hand and the dowry of Cfecile Beauvisage. Espous- 
ing the opinions of the Left Centre, and of no more 
than moderate talent in any direction, he failed of 
election to the Chamber of Deputies in May, 1839, 

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when he came forward as a candidate for the arron- 
dissement of Arcis-sur-Aube. — The Deputy from 
Afcis. — About 1840, Simon married Ernestine 
Mollot, daughter of the clerk of the court, the 
beauty of Arcis; in 1845, he was at last elected 
Deputy, to succeed Maxime de Trailles. Between 
1839 and 1845, ^^^ town of Arcis sent to the Palais- 
Bourbon, Sallenauve-Dorlange, Phil^as Beauvisage, 
Maxime de Trailles, and Simon Giguet. — The Comte 
de SaBenauve. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Gilet (Maxence), born in 1789. At Issoudun he 
was supposed to be the natural son of Sub-delegate 
Lousteau; others attributed his paternity to Doctor 
Rouget, who was at the same time Lousteau's friend 
and his rival. In fact, "luckily for the child, the 
doctor and the sub-delegate both claimed him.'* 
Now, he really belonged to neither of them. His 
real father was a "charming dragoon officer in 
garrison at Bourges." His mother, the wife of a 
poor, drunken cobbler of Faubourg de Rome, Issou^ 
dun, had the startling beauty of a woman of the 
Trastevere. The husband was aware of his wife's 
peccadillos and found his profit in them: from m- 
terested motives the sub-delegate and Doctor Rou- 
get were allowed to believe whatever they chose on 
the subject of the child's paternity; so that they 
both contributed to the education of Maxence, com- 
monly called Max. In 1806, at the age of seventeen. 
Max enlisted in a regiment en route for Spain; in 
1809, he was left for dead in an English battery 

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in Portugal; taken by the English and sent aboard 
the Spanish hulks at Cabrera, where he remained 
from 1810 to 1814. When he returned to Issoudun, 
his father and mother had both died in the alms- 
house. On Bonaparte's return. Max served as a 
captain in the Garde Imp6riale. After the Restora- 
tion, he returned to Issoudun and became the leader 
of the Knights of Idleness^ who indulged in Byronic 
nocturnal exploits more or less agreeable to the peo- 
ple of the town. ** Max played at Issoudun a part 
almost identical with that of the Smith in the Fair 
Maid of Perth; he was the champion of Bonapartism 
and the Opposition. They relied upon him, as the 
burgesses of Perth relied upon Smith, on all im- 
portant occasions.'' A possible Caesar Borgia had 
his field been more extensive, Gilet lived very com- 
fortably, although without means of his own. Thus: 
possessed of good and bad qualities which he owed 
to his origin. Max imprudently took up his abode 
with his supposed natural brother, Jean-Jacques 
Rouget, a rich and weak-minded old bachelor com- 
pletely under the domination of a superb servant- 
mistress, Flore Brazier, called La Rabouilleuse. 
After 1816, Gilet held sway in that household; the 
handsome fellow had won Mademoiselle Brazier's 
heart. Surrounded by a sort of staff, which in- 
cluded Potel, Renard, Kouski, Francois Hochon, and 
Baruch Borniche, Maxence coveted the considerable 
Rouget inheritance, fought for it with wonderful 
address against the lawful heirs, Agathe and Joseph 
Bridau, and would have appropriated it but for the 

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intervention of a third heir, Philippe Bridau. Max 
was killed in a duel by Philippe, early in December, 
1822. — La Rabouilleuse. 

Gill6, formerly printer to the Emperor; the in- 
ventor of script letters, which J6rftme Nicholas 
S^chard used in 18 19, and which he extolled to the 
point of declaring that they were the fathers of 
the English type used by the Didots. — Lost Illusions. 

Gimon, cur6 of Arcis-sur-Aube in 1845. — The 
Beauvisage Family. 

Gina, a character in Ambitious Through Love, an 
autobiographical novel by Albert Savarus, published 
in his RiTvue de I'Est, during the time of Louis- 
Philippe; a sort of savage Sormano in disguise. 
Represented as a young Sicilian of fourteen years 
in the service of the Gandolphinis, proscribed 
refugees at Gersau, Switzerland, in 1823; devoted 
to her masters to the point of feigning dumbness 
and of stabbing Rodolphe, the hero of the novel, 
who had secretly entered the Gandolphinis' premi- 
ses. — Albert Savarus. 

Gina, servant to Monsieur and Madame Maurice 
de THostal at Genoa in 1836. — Honorine. 

Ginetta (La), a young Corsican. Very short 
and slight, and as clever as she was small; mistress 
of Theodore Calvi and an accomplice in the double 

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crime committed by her lover, toward the dose of 
the Restoration, she was able, by virtue of her 
small stature and slenderness, to crawl into an oven 
flue at the widow Pigeau's, and so opened the house 
door for Theodore, who robbed and murdered the 
two occupants, the widow and her servant. — The 
Last Incarnation of P^autrin. 

Girard, t)anker and bill discounter at Paris under 
the Restoration; probably did something in the 
money-lending way and was acquainted with Jean- 
Esther Van Gobseck. — Like Palma, Werbrust, and 
Gigonnet, Girard was the holder of numerous notes 
of hand signed Maxime de Trailles, and Gobseck, 
who knew it, made the most of his knowledge 
against the count, at that time Madame de Restaud's 
lover, when he called upon the usurer of Rue des 
Gxks and vainly besought his assistance.— GoJ^s^A. 

Girard (Mftre), who kept a modest restaurant 
on Rue de Tournon, Paris, previous to 1838, had a 
successor with whom Godefroid promised to board 
when he was making a tour of inspection along the 
left bank of the Seine and endeavoring to relieve 
the distress of the Bourlac-Mergis. — The Other Side 
of Contemporaneous History. 

Girardet, solicitor at Besancon between 1830 
and 1840. — A verbose individual, and a partisan of 
Albert Savarus, he seems to have followed, in his 
behalf, the initial steps of a lawsuit in which the 

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interests of the Wattevilles had to be defended. 
When Savarus hurriedly left Besancon, Girardet 
undertook to adjust his affairs and lent him five 
thousand francs. — Albert Savarus. 

Oiraud (L^n), a member of the C^nacle on 
Rue des Quartre-Vents, presided over by Daniel 
d'Arthez in 1821. He represented the philosophical 
element. His "doctrines" predicted the end of 
Christianity and of the family. In that same year, 
1821, Giraud was the manager of a "grave and 
dignified'' opposition newspaper. He became the 
leader of a moral and political school whose " sin- 
cerity atoned for its errors." — Lost Illusions.— About 
the same date, Giraud called frequently on his friend 
Joseph Bridau's mother, and was on his way thither 
when the painter's elder brother, the Bonapartist 
Philipj>e, got into trouble. — La Rabouilleuse. — The 
Revolution of July opened a political career to Lfeon 
Giraud, who became master of requests in 1832, 
and afterward councillor of State; he was grateful 
to Louis-Philippe for authorizing funeral honors to 
Chrestien, who fought at Saint-Merri. In 1845, 
Giraud sat in the Chamber on the Left Centre 
benches. — The Secrets of La Princesse de Cadignan. 
— The Involuntary Comedians. 

Gireix, of Vizay. — Kinsman of Farrabesche; he 
earned a hundred louis by betraying him to the 
gendarmes. However, Farrabesche passed but one 
night in the prison at Lubersac. — The tillage Curi. 

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Girel, of Troyes. — According to Michu, Olrel, 
like himself, although a royalist, acted the Jacobin 
in the interest of his fortune. At all events, from 
1803 to 1806 he was in correspondence with the 
house of Breintmayer,— of Strasbourg, — ^with which 
the Simeuse twins dealt when they were shadowed 
by Bonaparte's police.—^ Dark Affair. 

Girodet (Anne-Louis), famous painter, born at 
Montargis in 1767, died at Paris in 1824. — Under 
the Empire, he was on friendly terms with his con- 
frere Theodore de Sommervieux; one day, in Som- 
mervieux's studio, he greatly admired a portrait of 
Augustine Guillaume and an interior, which he ad- 
vised him, but in vain, not to send to the salon, 
considering the two canvases too true to nature to 
be understood by the public. And he added: " The 
pictures we paint, my good friend, are used as 
screens. I tell you, we should do better to write 
verses and translate the ancients." — The House of 
the Cat and Racket. 

Giroud (Abbe), Rosalie de Watteville's confessor at 
Besancon, between 1830 and 1840. — Albert Savarus. 

Giroudeau, born about 1774. — Uncle of Andoche 
Finot, began as a private soldier in the army of 
Sambre et Meuse, five years master-at-arms in the 
First Hussars, — Army of Italy;— charged with Colo- 
nel Chabert at Eylau. He exchanged into the 
dragoons of the Garde Imp^riale. He was captain 

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in 181 5. The Restoration interrupted his military 
career. Finot, promoter of Parisian reviews and 
newspapers of divers sorts, entrusted to him the 
cash-box and the book-keeping of a petty news- 
paper devoted to dramatic matters, of which he 
was manager in 1821 and 1822. Giroudeau was also 
the responsible editor of the sheet, and it was his 
duty to be always ready with a stinging retort; he 
lived a merry life. Although afflicted with catarrh, 
and on the wrong side of forty, he had Florentine 
Cabirolle of the Gatte for his mistress. He was 
intimate with high-livers of all sorts; among others 
a former comrade in arms, Philippe Bridau. Hence 
he was present as a witness at his marriage to 
Jean-Jacques Rouget's widow — 1824. — In Novem- 
ber, 1825, when Frederic Marest gave a grand 
breakfast to Maltre Desroches's clerks, he invited 
Giroudeau to the famous hostelry of Borel at the 
Rocher de Cancale, and they all passed the evening 
in an apartment on Rue de Vend&me, where Made- 
moiselle Florentine Cabirolle, who entertained them 
magnificently, compromised, quite involuntarily, 
young Oscar Husson. Ex-Captain Giroudeau han- 
dled a musket during the "three glorious days," 
returned to the service after the accession of citizen 
royalty, soon became colonel, then general — 1834- 
1835. — He had the opportunity at that time to 
gratify a legitimate resentment against his former 
friend Colonel Philippe Bridau, and to block his 
advancement. — Lost Illusions. -^A Start in Ufe. — La 

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Givry, one of the numerous names of the Due de 
Chaulieu's second son, who became, by his mar- 
riage to Madeleine de Mortsauf, a Lenoncourt- 
Givry-Chaulieu. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. — 
The Uly of the f^aUey.— Splendors and Miseries of 

Gobain (Madame Marie), formerly cook to a 
bishop, lived on Rue Saint-Maur, Popincourt quarter, 
Paris, during the Restoration, under very peculiar 
conditions. — She was at one time in the service of 
the Octave de Bauvans. She was lady's-maid and 
housekeeper for Comtesse Honorine, when she fled 
from her husband's venerable mansion and becanie 
a florist. Madame Gobain had been secretly bribed 
by Monsieur de Bauvan, who followed closely and 
mysteriously his wife's life* Although keeping 
watch upon her mistress in the husband's interest, 
she showed the greatest loyalty, and introduced 
Maurice de THostal, Octave's secretary, into Hono- 
rine's apartments. — The countess momentarily 
assumed her servant's name. — Honorine. 

Gobenheim, the brother-in-law of Francois and 
Adolphe Keller; he added their name to his. — In 1819, 
he was at first appointed commissioner in the matter 
of Cesar Birotteau's failure, but was replaced by 
Camusot. — Cisar Birotteau. — Under Louis-Philippe, 
Gobenheim as broker for the prosecuting oflice in 
Paris, disposed of the very considerable savings of 
Madame Fabien du Ronceret. — Biatrix. 

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Gobenheim, nephew of Gobenheim-Keller, a 
young banker at Havre; a friend of the Mignons in 
1829, but not a suitor for the hand of their daughter, 
Marie-Modeste. — Modeste Mignon. 

Gobet (Madame), in 1829, at Havre, made shoes 
for Madame and Mademoiselle Mignon, and was 
scolded by Marie-Modeste for the lack of style in 
the foot-wear she furnished. — Modeste Mignon. 

Gobseck (Jean-Esther Van), money-lender, born, 
in 1740, at Antwerp, of a Jewess and a Dutchman; 
began as a cabin-boy. He was only ten years old 
when his mother shipped him off to the Dutch pos- 
sessions in India. In India or in America, he knew 
Monsieur de Lally, Amiral de Simeuse, Monsieur de 
Kergarouet, Monsieur d'Estaing, the Bailli de Suf- 
fren, Monsieur de Portendufere, Lord Hastings, Lord 
Cornwallis, and Tippoo Sahib's father. He also 
came in contact with Victor Hughes and several 
celebrated corsairs, travelled all over the world, 
practised all trades, and dabbled in all kinds of busi- 
ness. The passion for money took complete posses- 
sion of him. The hoarding of gold and the power 
which was the result of avarice afforded him untold 
joy. At last, he reached Paris, which became the 
centre of his multifarious affairs, and settled on Rue 
des Gres — now Rue Cujas. — There Gobseck, like a 
spider in the centre of his web, crushed the pride of 
Maxime de Trailles, and saw tears gush from the 
eyes of Madame de Restaud and Jean-Joachim 

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Goriot — 1819. About the same time, Ferdinand du 
Tillet sought out the usurer, had dealings with him, 
and saluted him as '' the illustrious Gobseck, master 
of the Palmas, the Gigonnets, the Werbrusts, the 
Kellers, and the Nucingens/' Gobseck went every 
evening to the Cafe Thdmis, between Rue Dauphine 
and Quai des Augustins, to play dominoes with his 
friend Bidault-Gigonnet, whom he was certain to 
meet there — 1824. One evening, in December of 
that year, he was hunted down there by Elisabeth 
Baudoyer, and promised to assist her; and, sup* 
ported by Mitral, he found a way to win over 
Clement Chardin des Lupeaulx, whose very con- 
siderable influence determined the appointment of 
Isidore Baudoyer as chief of division in succession 
to Flamet de la Billardi&re. In 1830, Jean-Esther, 
then ninety years of age, died amid the most sordid 
surroundings on Rue des Gres, although he was 
enormously rich. Derville received the usurer's last 
instructions. We know that Gobseck found a wife 
for the solicitor, that he received him as a friend, and 
was not sparing of his confidences. Fifteen years after 
the Dutchman's death, the Paris boulevards spoke of 
him as the'* last of the Romans," of the old-fashioned 
usurers, like Gigonnet, Chaboisseau, and Samanon, 
to whom Lora and Bixiou compared the niodern Vau- 
vinet. — Gobseck. — Old Goriot. — Cisar Birotteau. — 
The Civil Service. — The Involuntary Comedians. 

Gobseck (Sarah Van), called '' La Belle Hoilan- 
daise.'' — It was a peculiarity of the Gobseck family 

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— and of the Maranas as well — ^that all descendants 
in the female line retained the original family name. 
Sarah Van Gobseck was Jean-Esther's great-niece. 
This prostitute, mother of Esther, another woman 
of her stamp, had the temperament and morals of 
the prostitutes of Paris; she dragged Birotteau's 
notary, Mattre Roguin, into insolvency, and was 
herself ruined by Maxime de Trailles, whom she 
adored and supported when he was a simple page 
to Napoleon. She died in a house of ill-repute at 
the Palais-Royal; a sea-captain murdered her in an 
outburst of amorous frenzy — December, 1818. The 
event caused a sensation; Juan and Francis Diard 
mentioned and discussed it. Sarah Gobseck's mem- 
ory survived. The Paris of the boulevards in 1824, 
and in 1839 as well, freely discussed the courtesan's 
reckless extravagance and tempestuous life.^-Go6- 
seck. — Cdsar Birotteau, — The Maranas. — Splendors 
and Miseries of Courtesans. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Gobseck (Esther Van), born in 1805, of Jewish 
origin, daughter of the preceding and great-grand- 
niece of Jean-Esther Van Gobseck. She long plied 
her mother's trade in Paris; she began it early in 
life and knew all its varying fortunes. She speedily 
obtained an expressive sobriquet, La Torpille.* She 
was for some time one of the *' rats " at the Royal 
Academy of Music, and numbered among her pro- 
tectors Clement Chardin des Lupeaulx; in 1823, 
she was sadly straitened, and came very near 


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leaving Paris for Issoudun, where Philippe Bridau, 
to compass a machiavelian purpose, would have 
given her for a mistress to Jean-Jacques Rouget, 
on the combined recommendation of Nathan, Florine, 
Bixiou, Finot, Mariette, Florentine, Giroudeau, and 
Tullia. The affair fell through; Esther had recourse 
to Madame Meynardie's house of prostitution, which 
she left late in 1823. On one of her free evenings, 
which she passed at the Theatre de la Porte-Saint- 
Martin, chance brought her face to face with Lucien 
Chardon de Rubemprfe, and they loved each other 
at first sight. Thereafter their love passed through 
many sudden changes. The poet and the ex-pros- 
titute committed the imprudence of attending one 
of the Opera balls during the winter of 1824. Un- 
masked and insulted, Esther fled to Rue de Lan- 
glade,* where she lived in destitution. Rubempr^'s 
secret, powerful, and formidable protector, Jacques 
Collin, followed her home, preached at her, and 
finally shaped Esther's future life; he made her a 
Catholic, educated her with great care, and later 
installed her on Rue Taitbout for Lucien. Made- 
moiselle Gobseck occupied Caroline Crochard's 
apartments, under the surveillance of Jacqueline 
Collin, Paccard, and Prudence Servien. She was 
not allowed to go out except at night. But Baron 
de Nucingen got scent of this obstinate mystery, 
and fell madly in love with Esther. Jacques Collin 
made the most of the situation: Esther must needs 
accept the banker and in that way enrich Rubempr^. 

* Eif Aced AS A rtsult of the opening of Avenue de rOpinu 

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In 1830, Esther possessed a house on Rue Saint* 
Georges which several famous courtesans had pre* 
viously occupied; and she received there Madame 
du Val-NoWe, Tullia, and Florentine, — dancers, — 
and Fanny Beaupr^ and Florine, — ^actresses. — Her 
new position had aroused the suspicions and inter- 
vention of the formidable police quartette, Louchard, 
Contenson, Peyrade, and Corentin. On May 13, 
1830, unable to endure Nucingen, to whom she had 
compliantly yielded on the preceding night, La Tor- 
pille swallowed a Javanese poison. She died in 
ignorance of the fact that she was heir to the seven 
millions of her great-granduncle Jean-Esther Van 
Gobseck.— Goftsft:*. — The House of Nucingen. — La 
RabouiUeme. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Godain, born in 1796, in the country near Sou- 
langes, Blangy, and Ville-aux-Fayes, — Bourgogne, 
— nephew of one of the masons who built Madame 
Soudry's house; a malingering farm-hand, relieved 
from military service because of his small stature; 
miserly and poor as he was, he was first the lover 
and afterward the husband of Catherine Tonsard, 
whom he married in 1823. — The Peasants. 

Godain (Madame Catherine), the eldest of the 
legitimate daughters of Tonsard, keeper of the Grand- 
I'l^ert, which was situated between Conches and 
Ville-aux-Fayes, — Bourgogne. Of a masculine type 
of beauty, a creature of depraved instincts, an assid- 
uous attendant at the Tivoli-Socquard ; a devoted 

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sister to Nicholas Tonsard, for whom she tried to 
abduct Genevieve Niseron; courted by Charles, 
valet at Aigues, feared by Amaury Lupin; married 
Godain, one of her lovers, with a dowry of a thou- 
sand francs cunningly obtained from Madame de 
Montcornet. — The Peasants. 

Godard (Joseph), born in 1798, probably at 
Paris; connected with the Baudoyers in some degree 
through Mitral; a pitiful, repulsive creature; fifer in 
the National Guard; infatuated collector of curios; 
a virtuous bachelor living with his sister, who was a 
florist on Rue Richelieu; in 1824-1825 a rather inef- 
ficient deputy chief in the department of finance, 
in the bureau presided over by Isidore Baudoyer, 
whose son-in-law he dreamed of becoming; a con- 
stant butt of his colleague Bixiou's practical jokes. 
With Dutocq, Godard was an unwavering supporter 
of the Baudoyers and their relations, the Saillards. 
He was forever preaching their promotion in the 
service; he was often to be seen at their houses, 
where, on gala occasions, he obligingly played the 
flageolet. — The Civil Service. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Godard (Mademoiselle), sister of the preceding, 
furnished him with board and lodging on Rue Riche- 
lieu, where she had a flower-shop in 1824. Made- 
moiselle Godard employed Z^lie Lorrain, afterward 
the wife of the government clerk, Francois Minard. 
She received Minard, also Dutocq. — The Civil 

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Godard, in the Marquise d'Espard's service at 
104 Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honorg» in May, 1830; 
during the Collin-Rubempr^ trial, he rode to the 
department of justice, carrying a note solicited by 
the wife of Camusot, the examining magistrate. — 
The Last Incarnation ofydutrin. 

Godard (Manon), Madame de la Chanterie's 
servant, was arrested t)etween Alencon and Mor- 
tagne in 1809, and was included in the prosecution 
of the so-called chauffeurs, which resulted in the in- 
fliction of the death-penalty on Madame des Tours- 
Mini&res, Madame de la Chanterie's daughter. 
Manon Godard was sentenced by default to twenty- 
two years' imprisonment, and gave herself up in 
order not to abandon Madame de la Chanterie in her 
captivity. A long while after the baroness was set 
free, Manon was still living with her on Rue Cha- 
noinesse, in the house of refuge which sheltered 
Alain, Montauran, Godefroid, etc. — The Other Side 
of Contemporaneous History. 

Godde-H6rau, a family of bankers of Issoudun, 
during the Restoration, the members of which assem- 
bled at Hochon's, with the Borniches, Beaussier, 
Lousteau-Prangin, and Fichet, to meet Agatha Bri- 
dau and her son on their arrival from Paris in 1823. 
— La RabouiUeuse. 

Goddet, former surgeon-major in the Third of the 
Line; the leading physician in Issoudun in 1823. — 

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His son was one of the Knights of Idleness under the 
leadership of Maxence Giiet. The younger Goddet 
made a show of paying court to Madame Fichet, in 
order, through her, to reach her daughter, who had 
the fattest dowry in Issoudun.— La Rabouilleuse. 

Godefroid, known solely by this baptismal name; 
born about 1806, probably in Paris; the son of 
wealthy retail tradespeople ; educated at the Liau- 
tard Institution; naturally weak, both morally and 
physically; tried one after another, and to no pur- 
pose, various pursuits: government clerkship, clerk 
to a notary, literature, pleasure, journalism, politics, 
and marriage. — In the latter part of 1836, he found 
himself quite poor and entirely alone; whereupon 
he determined to pay his debts and live sparingly. 
He left the Chaussee d'Antin and took up his quar- 
ters on Rue Chanoinesse, where he became one of 
Madame de la Chanterie's boarders, called Brothers 
of Consolation. The recommendation of the Mon- 
genods, bankers, opened the way to his admission 
to the circle. Abb6 de V^ze, Montauran, Lecamus 
of Tresnes, Alain, and, above all, the baroness her- 
self, initiated him, moulded him, entrusted to him 
various charitable missions, among others that of 
investigating and relieving the horrible destitution 
of the families of Bourlac and Mergi, the head of 
which, in 1809, being then a magistrate of the 
Empire, had prosecuted Mesdames de la Chanterie 
and des Tours-Mini^res. After his successful man- 
agement of this generous undertaking, the Brothers 

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of Consolation openly received Godefroid, who de- 
clared his gratification at that result. — The Other 
Side of Contemporaneous History. 

Godenars (Abbe de), born about 1795, ^^^ of *he 
vicars general of the Archbishop of Besancon be- 
tween 1830 and 1840. — In 1835, ^^ ^^s endeavor- 
ing to obtain a bishopric, and, about that time, was 
present one evening in the Wattevilles' aristocratic 
salon, at the time of the precipitate flight of Albert 
Savarus, occasioned by their young daughter. — 
Albert Savarus. 

Godeschal (Francois-Claude-Marie), born about 
1804. — •» 1818, he was third clerk for Maltre Der- 
ville, Rue Vivienne, Paris, when the unfortunate 
Colonel Chabert made his appearance there. — 
Colonel Chabert. — In 1820, he was living, in pov- 
erty, with his sister, the dancer Mariette, to whom 
he was a devoted brother, on an eighth floor on 
Rue Vieille-du-Temple. He had already revealed a 
character of a practical turn, self-seeking, egotisti- 
cal, but upright and sometimes capable of generous 
outbursts. — LxL RabotiiUeuse. — In 1822, being then 
second clerk, he left Maltre Derville to become first 
clerk to Maltre Desroches, who congratulated him- 
self heartily on the behavior and the capacity for 
work of his new auxiliary, who even undertook to 
manage and reform Oscar Husson. — A Start in 
Life. — Six years later, Godeschal, still Desroches's 
head-clerk, drew up the petition whereby Madame 

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d'Espard sought to have her husband put under guar- 
dianship. — The Interdiction. — Under Louis-Philippe, 
he became one of the solicitors of Paris, and paid 
half of his fees, proposing to pay the other half with 
the dowry of Celeste Colleville, whose hand was 
refused him notwithstanding the recommendation of 
Cardot the notary; the Thuilliers and the Collevilles 
rejected Godeschal because of his sister Marie, the 
dancer, commonly called Mariette. The former clerk 
of Derville and Desroches, nevertheless, numbered 
among his clients Th^odose de la Peyrade, a friend 
of those families, and was employed by one of them, 
the Thuilliers, in the matter of the purchase of a 
house near the Madeleine. — The Petty Bourgeois.^ 
Godeschal was still practising his profession in 1845, 
and had the Camusot de Marvilles among his clients. 
— Cousin Pons. 

Godeschal (Marie), born about 1804. — Almost 
all her life she maintained the closest and most 
affectionate relations with her brother, Godeschal 
the solicitor. Having no parents and no means, 
she lived with him, in 1820, on the eighth floor of 
a house on Rue Vieille-du-Temple. Devotion to 
her brother and her own determination made Marie 
a dancer. She had studied her profession from her 
tenth year. The famous Vestris trained her and pre- 
dicted for her a brilliant future. Under the name 
of Mariette she was employed at the Porte-Saint- 
Martin and later at the Royal Academy of Music. 
Her success on the boulevard dipleased the famous 

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Begrand. Very soon after, in January, 1821, her 
angelic beauty, preserved unimpaired by the cold 
nature of a choregraphic artist, opened the doors of 
the Op6ra to her. Then she had lovers. The 
aristocratic, the dandified Maufrigneuse '* protected" 
her, and certainly retained her for several years in 
succession. Mariette also accepted the attentions 
of Philippe Bridau and was the involuntary cause of 
a theft committed by him in order to enable him to 
contend with Maufrigneuse. Four months later, she 
went to London, where she preyed upon the opu- 
lent members of the Upper House, and returned to 
be premUre danseuse at the Academy of Music, 
then transplanted to Rue Le Peletier — 1822. — Among 
her favorites in her own profession was Florentine 
Cabirolles; she was very intimate with that haUerine 
of the Gattfe, who received much company at her 
home in the Marais. It was there that Mariette ex- 
tricated young Oscar Husson, Cardot's nephew, from 
a scrape — 1825. Indeed, Mariette never missed any 
festivity: she witnessed the brilliant reappearance 
in public of Esther Gobseck, applauding Fr6dkick 
Lemaltre at the Porte-Saint-Martin, from a lower box, 
which also contained TuUia and Monsieur de Bram- 
bourg. In the last years of Louis-Philippe, Mariette 
was still spoken of as one of the shining lights of the 
Opfera. — La Rabouilleuse. — A Start in Life. — Splen- 
dors and Miseries of Courtesans.— Cousin Pons. 

Godet, a family of Issoudun, in the days when 
that municipality was intensely excited over the 

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inheritance of Jean-Jacques Rouget, for which Bridau 
and diet were contending. — La Rdbouilleuse. 

Godet, robber^ assassin, and confederate of Dan- 
nepont and Ruffard in the murder of the Crottats. — 
The Last IncamaHan of yautrin. 

Godin, a Parisian bourgeois engaged in a sharp 
dispute with a friend of Monsieur de la Palf6rine, 
who, by Palfferine's advice, refused to fight with 
him on account of his base and scandalous plebeian- 
ism. — A Prince of Bohemia. 

Godin (La), peasant woman of Conches, in Hour- 
gogne, whose cow Vermichel, the bailff' s follower, 
talked of seizing, in 1823, with the assistance of 
his employer, Brunet the bailiff, and of his co-fol- 
lower Fourchon, to satisfy the claim of the Mont- 
cornets. — The Peasants. 

Godivet, recorder of documents at Arcis-sur- 
Aube in 1839. — Chosen by the\ crafty efforts of 
Achille Pigoult to be one of the tVo inspectors at 
a preliminary meeting of electors called by Simon 
GIguet, one of the candidates, and pr^ided over by 
Phileas Beauvisage.— 7*^ Deputy from\lrcis. 

GodoUo (Comtesse Torna de), problbly a Hun- 
garian; a police spy under the orders of liporentin. — 
She was employed to prevent the marria^'e between 
Theodose de la Pey rade and Celeste CoUevfille. With 

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this end in view, she became a tenant of the Thuil- 
tiers' house near the Madeleine, in 1840, became in- 
timate with them, fascinated them, and ruled them. 
At need, she assumed the name of Madame Komorn. 
The pretended countess's wit and beauty fascinated 
Th^ose de la Peyrade for a moment. — The Petty 

Goguelat, infantryman under the first Empire, 
exchanged into the Guard in 1812, decorated by 
Napoleon on the battle-field of Valontina; returned, 
under the Restoration, to the village of Is^re, of 
which Benassis was mayor, and became postman. — 
At a village merrymaking in 1829, he told the story 
of Napoleon Bonaparte, in picturesque and familiar 
language, before a company which included Gon- 
drin, La Fosseuse, Genestas, and Benassis. — The 
Country Doctor. 

Goguelu (Mademoiselle), a Breton woman, de- 
famed in 1799 by the Chouan Marie Lambrequin, 
who had for that reason a deadly sin on his con- 
science when the Blues killed him. — The Chouans. 

Gohier, goldsmith to the King of France in 1824; 
supplied Elisabeth Baudoyer with the monstrance 
she presented to the church of Saint-Paul, in order 
to assure the promotion of Isidore Baudoyer. — The 
Civil Service. 

Gomez, captain of the Saint-Ferdinand, a Span- 
ish brig, on which General Marquis d'Aiglemont 

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was returning from America to France, once more 
a wealthy man, in 1823. Gomez was boarded by a 
Colombian pirate, whose captain, the Parisian, or- 
dered him thrown into the sea. — A Woman of Thirty. 

Gondrand (Abbe), confessor of Duchesse An- 
toinette de Langeais, whose excellent dinners and 
pretty peccadillos he digested, seated blissfully in 
an easy-chair in the salon, where General Armand 
de Montriveau often surprised him. — History of the 
Thirteen: La Duchesse de Langeais. 

Gondreville (Malin his real name; more fre- 
quently known by the name of Comte de), born in 
1763, probably at Arcis-sur-Aube. — ^Short and stout; 
grandson of a mason employed by General Marquis 
de Simeuse in building the Chateau de Gondreville; 
only son of the owner of the house at Arcis in which 
his friend Grevin lived in 1839; entered the office of 
an attorney at the Ch&telet, Paris, on Danton's 
recommendation — 1787; — head-clerk for Maftre Bor- 
din In the same year; returned to the province two 
years later, to be an advocate at Troyes; became 
an obscure and cowardly member of the Conven- 
tion ; obtained the friendship of Talleyrand and 
Fouche in June, 1800, under peculiar and opportune 
circumstances; became, in rapid succession, tribune, 
councillor of State, count under the Empire,— created 
Comte de Gondreville, — and finally senator. In 
1802, assisted by Jacqueline CoUin, Gondreville 
seduced Catherine-Antoinette Goussard, a minor, 

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of Arcis. — As councillor of State, Gondreville gave 
much thought to the preparation of the Code; he 
played a great rdle in Paris. He had purchased one 
of the finest mansions in Faubourg Saint-Germain, 
and married the only daughter of Sibuellei a wealthy 
contractor of unsavory reputation, whom Gondre- 
ville appointed co-receiver-general, with one of the 
Marions, of the department of Aube. The marriage 
took place during the Directory or the Consulate. 
Three children were born of this union: Charles de 
Gondreville, Madame Francois Keller, and the Mare- 
chale de Carigliano. Thereupon Malin, consulting 
his private interests, drew closer to Bonaparte. 
Later, before the same Bonaparte and Dubois, pre- 
fect of police, he, like the wary egotist he was, 
adroitly affecting false generosity, solicited the 
erasure from the list of Emigres of the Hauteserres 
and Simeuses, who were afterward falsely accused 
of abducting and sequestering him. In 1809, at 
Paris, Malin, then senator, gave a grand party 
at which he vainly awaited the Emperor's appear- 
ance, and at which Madame de Lansac reconciled 
the Soulanges family. Louis XVIII. made him a 
peer of France. His great experience and his pos- 
session of many secrets were of great assistance to 
Gondreville, whose counsels kept Decazes back and 
thrust Villftle forward. Charles X. frowned upon 
Gondreville because he continued too intimate with 
Talleyrand. Under Louis-Philippe, the bond be- 
tween them was relaxed. The monarchy of July 
filled the cup of the Comte de Gondreville, who 

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became a peer of France once more. One evening 
In 1833, at the Princesse de Cadignan's, he met the 
prime minister, Henri de Marsay, who was brim- 
ming over with old political anecdotes, new to all 
the rest, but very familiar to Malin. He was deeply 
interested in the legislative elections of 1839. He 
gave his influence to his grandson Charles Keller in 
the arrondissement of Arcis. He took some slight 
interest of a different sort in the candidates who 
were subsequently chosen : Dorlange-Sallenauve, 
Phileas Beauvisage, Trailles, and Giguet. — He died 
late in 1845, while the obsequies of his former 
victim, Catherine-Antoinette Goussard, were being 
celebrated in the church at Arcis. — A Dark Affair. 
—A Start in Ufe.—The Peace of the Househotd.-^ 
The Deputy from Arcis. — TTie Beauvisage Family. 

Gondreville (Comtesse Malin de), born Sibuelle, 
wife of the preceding; her utter insignificance was 
made manifest at the great party given by the count 
at Paris in 1809, — The Peace of the Household. 

Gondreville (Charles de), son of the preceding; 
sub-lieutenant in Saint-Chamans's dragoons — 1818; 
— young and wealthy; he died during the Spanish 
campaign of 1823. — His death deeply afflicted his 
mistress, Madame Colleville, — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Gondrin, born in 1774, in the department of Is^re. 
— Drawn in the great draft of 1792 and assigned 
to the artillery, he made the Italian and Egyptian 

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campaigns under Bonaparte as a private soldier* 
and returned from the East at the peace of Amiens. 
Enrolled in the pontoon corps of the Guard under 
the Empire, Gondrin marched through Germany 
and made the Russian campaign; was in the affair 
of the B6r6sina, helping to build the bridge on 
which the remnant of the army crossed the river; 
received with his forty-one comrades the commenda- 
tion of his chief. General Eb\h, who noticed him 
particularly; he was the only survivor of the pon- 
toon corps, and returned from Wilna during the first 
Restoration, two years after Eble's death. Unable to 
read or write, deaf and infirm, Gondrin in sore dis- 
tress left Paris, which was most inhospitable to him, 
and returned to his village in Dauphin^, where Doctor 
Benassis, the mayor, employed him as ditcher, and 
was still helping him in 1829. — The Country Doctor. 

Gondrin (Abbfe), young priest living in Paris, 
toward the middle of Louis-Philippe's reign.— He was 
an eloquent, exquisite youth, successively vicar of 
Saint-Jacques du Haut-Pas and of the Madeleine, and 
lived at No. 8 Rue de la Madeleine.* He was inti- 
mate with the Thuillier family. — The Petty Bourgeois. 

Gondureau, one of Bibi-Lupin's borrowed names. 
— OldGoriot. 

Gonore, widow of the Jew Moses, chief of the 
rouleurs of the South; in May, 1830, mistress of 
the thief and murderer Dannepont, alias La Pduraille, 

* Now Rue Bols8y-4*AoglM. 

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and kept a house of ill-repute for Madame Nouris* 
son on Rue Sainte-Barbe,* Paris. — ^Jacques Collin 
called her an extraordinary jade and thief. — The 
Last Incarnation of yautrin. 

Gordes (Mademoiselle de), at the head of an 
aristocratic salon at Alen^on about 1816, while her 
father, the old Marquis de Gordes, was still alive 
and living with her; she received the Chevalier de 
Valois, Monsieur du Bousquier, etc. — Vu Old Maid, 

Gorenflot, mason at Venddme, walled up the 
closet in which Madame Merret's lover, the Span 
iard Bagos de Feredia, was concealed. — Anothcf 
Study of Woman, 

Gorenflot, probably posed for Quasimodo in 
Victor Hugo's Notre-Dame. — Infirm and misshapen, 
stone-deaf, of Lilliputian stature; lived in Paris about 
1839, and was organ-blower and bell-ringer at the 
church of Saint-Louis en Tile. Gorenflot also acted 
as a mysterious messenger between Jacques Briche- 
teau and Sallenauve-Dorlange in pecuniary matters. 
— The Deputy from Arcis. 

Goriott (Jean-Joachim), born about i7$o, was 
originally a simple porter at the grain-market. — 


fTwo Pailsimn thMtrat end ilvt authors reprtsented Gorlof s life on the 
sta^e: March 6. 1835, at the Vaudevilla, Ancelot and Paul Dnport; In 
the followlag month of the same year, at the Varl^tes, Thianlon, Alexis de 
Comberousse, and Jaime the elder. Furthermore, ttie Bcmf-GrM ot the 
Carnival In a later year bore the name of Gorlot 

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Under the Revolution, although he had had no early 
education, having the trading instinct, he started in 
the grain or vermicelli business and met with great 
success. Economical habits and luck alike favored 
him, for he carried on his operations during the 
Terror. He made himself appear a ferocious citi- 
zen and a devil of a patriot. His prosperous condi- 
tion enabled him to contract a marriage of inclination 
with the only daughter of a rich farmer at La Brie, 
who died young and adored. Goriot lavished upon 
the children born of that union — Anastasie and 
Delphine — ^the affection of which the mother had 
been the object, spoiled them completely, and pro- 
vkled them with magnificent establishments. His 
misfortunes dated from their sumptuous installation 
in the heart of the Chaussee d'Antin, as the wives 
of men of fashion. So far were they from being 
grateful to him for his pecuniary sacrifices, that his 
sons-in-law, Restaud and Nucingen, and even his 
daughters, blushed for his bourgeois exterior. So 
it was that, in 1813, impoverished and heart-broken, 
he withdrew to the boarding-house kept by Madame 
Vauquer — born Conflans— on Rue Neuve-Sainte- 
Genevi^ve. The disputes between Mesdames de 
Restaud and de Nucingen, their plaintive appeals for 
money, followed him thither, and, in the year 1819, 
they constantly increased in bitterness. Almost all 
the guests in the house, and especially Madame 
Vauquer, — born Conflans, — ^whose ambitious hopes 
were overthrown, agreed in tormenting Goriot, who 
was almost penniless. The old vermicelli-maker 

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enjoyed an agreeable respite from his troubles while 
he acted as a screen for the adulterous intercourse^ 
in an apartment on Rue d'Artois,* between Madame 
de Nucingen and Eugene de Rastignac, his confidant 
at the boarding-house. The financial distress of 
Madame de Restaud, a victim of Maxime de Trailles^ 
dealt Jean Joachim the finishing blow. He had 
then to give up the last and most valuable pieces 
of his silver plate and to crawl at the feet of Jean- 
Esther Van Gobseck, the usurer of Rue des Gr6s. 
This crushed Goriot. An attack of apoplexy carried 
him off. He died on Rue Neuve-Sainte-Genevi&ve. 
Young Rastignac watched by his bedside, and Bian- 
chon, the interne from the hospital, treated him. 
Only two men, Christophe, Madame Vauquer's 
servant, and Eug&ne de Rastignac, accompanied 
Goriot's body to Saint-Etienne du Mont and P&re- 
Lachaise; his daughters' carriages, empty, also fol- 
lowed to the cemetery. — Old Goriot . 

Goritza (Princesse), a charming Hungarian, 
famous for her beauty, in the latter part of the 
reign of Louis XV., to whom the Chevalier de Valois, 
then a young man, had become so attached that he 
fought with Monsieur de Lauzun on her account, and 
was never able to speak of her without emotion. 
From 1816 to 1830, the aristocracy of Alencon were 
privileged to see the princess's portrait which adorned 
the chevalier's gold snuff-box. — Vie Old Maid. 

* Under th« Urat Empire, Rue C^nittt. and. slace Louit-Phlllfpt, Rue 

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Gorju (Madame), wife of the mayor of Sancerre, 
in 1836, and mother of a daughter whose figure 
threatened to change with her first child; was some- 
times present with the daughter aforesaid at the 
evening receptions of the •* Muse of the Depart- 
ment/* Madame de la Baudraye. — One evening, in 
the autumn of 1836, in the salon of the woman who 
was still called the Sappho of Saint-Satur, Madame 
Gorju heard Etienne Lousteau ironically reading 
fragments of Olympia ou les Vengeances Romaines. — 
The Muse of the Department. 

Gothard, born in 1788; lived in 1803 in the 
arrondissement of Arcis-sur-Aube, where his cour- 
age and intelligence obtained for him the place of 
Laurence de Cinq-Cygne's groom. — A devoted ser- 
vant of the countess, he was one of those who 
were acquitted of the criminal charge which ended 
in Michu's execution. — A Dark Affair. — Gothard 
never left the service of the Cinq-Cygne family. 
Thirty-six years later, he was their steward. 
In concert with his brother-in-law, Poupard, the 
Arcis tavern-keeper, he strove to advance the elec- 
toral interests of his masters. — The Deputy from 

Gouges (Adolphe de), name assumed by Henri 
de Marsay in April, 181 5, when he won the love of 
Paquita Valdte; the soi-disant De Gouges claimed to 
live at No. 54 Rue de TUniversite. — History of the 
Thirteen: The Girl with Golden Eyes. 

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Goujet (Abb6), cure of Cinq-Cygne, — Aube,— 
about 1792, discovered for the son of Beauvisage» 
the farmer, and his wife^ who had remained good 
Catholics, the Greek name of Phileas, one of the 
very few saints not abolished by the new regime. — 
The Deputy from Ards. — He was formerly abbe of 
the Minimes, and a friend of Hauteserre. He was the 
tutor of Adrien and Robert d' Hauteserre, and was in 
the habit of playing boston with their parents — 1803. 
His political prudence sometimes led him to censure 
the fearless audacity of their kinswoman. Mademoi- 
selle de Cinq-Cygne. However, he shrewdly held 
his own against the persecutor of the whole noble 
family, Corentin the police agent, and he attended 
Michu when that victim of the famous criminal trial 
called ''the abduction of Gondreville " went to the 
scaffold, kbbk Goujet became Bishop of Troyes 
during the Restoration. — A Dark Affair. 

Goujet (Mademoiselle), sister of the preceding, 
an excellent old maid, cheery, homely, and par- 
simonious, who lived with her brother. — Almost 
every evening she played boston with the Haute- 
serres at Cinq-Cygne, and was terrified by the visits 
of Corentin, the prologue to the prosecution which 
ended in Michu's tragic death. — A Dark Affair. 

Goulard, mayor of Cinq-Cygne — Aube— in 1803. 
— A tall, stout, miserly fellow married to a rich 
tradeswoman of Troyes, whose estates, increased by 
all the domain of the rich abbey of Val-des-Preux, 

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surrounded the commune of Cinq-Cygne. Goulard 
lived at the old abbey, which was very near the 
chateau of Cinq-Cygne; and despite his revolu- 
tionary connections, he closed his eyes to the con- 
duct of Messieurs d'Hauteserre and de Simeuse, 
royalist conspirators.— /< Dark Affair. 

Goulard (Antonin), like Simon Giguet, a son of 
Arcis. Born about 1807, son of the former hunts- 
man of the Simeuse family, enriched by a purchase 
of national property. — See the preceding biography. 
— He lost his mother when he was very young and 
went to Arcis with his father, who abandoned the 
abbey of Valpreux — Val-des-Preux. — He attended 
the imperial lyceum where he had for a schoolmate 
Simon Giguet, whom he subsequently met again on 
the benches of the School of Law at Paris. Gondre- 
ville's influence procured him the cross of the Legion 
of Honor. The royalty of 1830 opened to him a 
career in the government service. In 1839, during 
the period of the elections, Goulard was sub-prefect 
of Arcis-sur-Aube. The ministerial delegate, Maxime 
de Trailles, gratified Antoninus spleen against Simon 
Giguet: his official instructions required the latter's 
defeat; both the would-be deputy and the sub-prefect 
aspired in vain to the hand of C6cile Beauvisage. 
Goulard affected the society of the government offi- 
cials, the colony:* Frederic Marest, Olivier Vinet, 
Martener and Francois Michu. — The Deputy from 

* A fftmlllar and consecrated expression In the provinces. 

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Gounod was the nephew of Vatel, keeper on Gen- 
eral de Montcornet's estate of Aigues — Bourgogne. 
— In 1823, he probably became one of the assistants 
of the head-keeper, Michaud, who was constantly 
hunted by Fourchon, Rigou, Tonsard, Bonn^bault, 
Soudry, etc. — The Peasants, 

Goupil (Jean-S6bastien-Marie), born in 1802; a 
sort of hump-back without the hump; son of a well- 
to-do farmer. — After squandering his patrimony in 
Paris, he became first clerk to the notary Cre- 
mifere-Dionis, at Nemours — 1829. — At the instigation 
of Francois Minoret-Levrault, he annoyed Ursule 
Mirouet, after Doctor Minoret's death, in every con- 
ceivable way, even under the veil of anonymity. 
He subsequently repented of his infamous conduct, 
did his best to injure its instigator, and succeeded 
Cremi^re-Dionis as notary. Thanks to his intelli- 
gence, he transformed himself completely and be- 
came an upright, honorable man. Once thoroughly 
established, he married the elder Mademoiselle Mas- 
sin, daughter of Massin-Levrault junior, clerk to the 
justice of the peace at Nemours, an unattractive 
j)erson, who had a dowry of eighty thousand francs, 
and who bore him rickety, dropsical children. — As 
a combatant on the " three glorious days," Goupil 
had obtained the July decoration. He displayed the 
ribbon vaingloriously. — Ursule Mirouet. 

Gouraud (General, Baron), born in 1782, prob- 
ably at Provins. — He commanded the Second Regi- 
ment of hussars under the Empire, which gave hira 

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his title. The Restoration was responsible for years 
of poverty passed at Provins. He played at politics 
and opposition there/ sought the hand and, above 
all, the dowry of Sylvie Rogron, persecuted that old 
maid's presumptive heiress. Mademoiselle Pierrette 
Lor rain, — 1827, — and, seconded by Vinet the advo- 
cate, reaped the fruits of his shrewd liberalism 
after July, 1830. — Thanks to the influence of Maltre 
Vinet, the ambitious parvenu, Gouraud, despite his 
gray hair and his corpulence, married a girl of 
twenty-five. Mademoiselle Matifat, of the celebrated 
drug and chemical family on Rue des Lombards, 
who brought a hundred and fifty thousand francs 
in her pocket. Titles, offices, and emoluments 
poured upon him in swift succession. He returned 
to the service, became a general, commanded a 
division stationed near the capital, and was made 
a peer. His behavior during the ministry of Casi- 
mir Perier was rewarded in that way. Further- 
more, he received the grand ribbon of the Legion 
of Honor, after carrying the Saint-Merri barricades, 
and was overjoyed to " administer a drubbing to the 
civilians," who were his b$te noire for fifteen years. 
— Pierrette. — About 1845, he was a shareholder In 
the theatre of which Felix Gaudissart was manager. 
— Cousin Pons. 

Gourdon atnS, husband of the only daughter of 
the old head-keeper of streams and forests, Gen- 
drin-Wattebled, was a physkian at Soulanges in 
1823 and attended the Michauds. — Nevertheless, he 

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belonged to the first society of Soulanges, presided 
over by Madame Soudry, who looked upon Gendrin- 
Wattebled's son-in-law as an unknown and unap- 
preciated scientist of the first order, whereas he 
was nothing more than a parrot of Buffon and 
Cuvier, a simple collector^ a common taxidermist. 
— The Peasants. 

Gourdon jeune^ brother of the preceding, com- 
posed the poem of La BilboqiUide, which was printed 
by Bournier. He married the niece and sole heiress 
of Abb6 Taupin, cure of Soulanges, where he him- 
self, in 1823, acted as clerk to Sarcus; he was 
richer than the justice of the peace, his superior, 
Madame Soudry and her chosen friends welcomed 
with enthusiasm the sweet-singer of La Bilboqu^ide, 
and preferred him to Lamartine, whose works, by 
the way, were made known to them very tardily. 
-^The Peasants. 

Goussard (Laurent), member of the revolution- 
ary municipality of Arcis-sur-Aube. — A particular 
friend of Danton, he made use of the tribune's influ- 
ence to save the head of the former superior of the 
Ursuline convent of Arcis, or of the outskirts of 
Arcis, Mother Marie-des-Anges, whose gratitude for 
his generous and shrewd conduct contributed ma- 
terially to the enrichment of that purchaser of the 
real estate of the holy sisterhood, which was sold 
as national property. So it was that, more than 
forty years later, the forehanded liberal owned 

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numerous mills on the river Aube, and was still the 
leader of the advanced Left in the arrondissement. 
The various candidates for the Chamber in the spring 
of 1839, Charles Keller, Simon Giguet, E>orlange- 
Sallenauve, Philfeas Beauvisage, and the govern- 
ment agent, Comte de Trailles, gave much thought, 
therefore, to Laurent Goussard, recognized his influ- 
ence, and bowed to his authority. Laurent was 
present at the meeting in April which listened to 
Simon Giguet, and was presided over by Phil^as 
Beauvisage. He was a great-uncle on the mother's 
side of Dorlange-Sallenauve, whose triumph he wit- 
nessed. In the middle of Louis-Philippe's reign, 
Goussard was still living, but he was very old and 
very gouty. — The Deputy from Arcis. — The Omte de 
Sallenauve. — The Beauvisage Family . 

Goussard (Pran^oise), sister of Laurent Gous- 
sard the miller; physically and morally, she was 
a very remarkable person. — Of her liaison with 
Danton, then unmarried, a daughter, Catherine- 
Antoinette, was born. At the time of her lover's 
trial, Francoise went to Paris, sought out Jacque- 
line Collin, formerly mistress of AAarat, but at that 
time, of the chemist Duvignon-Lanty. From her, 
Mademoiselle Goussard obtained poison, and died 
on the day of Danton's execution. — The Beauvisage 

Goussard (Catherine-Antoinette), daughter of 
Danton and Francoise Goussard, born about 1789, 

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before the famous tribune's first marriage to Antoi 
nette-Gabrielle Charpentier; educated at the Ursu- 
line convent at Arcis; had the fascination and the 
tragic life of her mother. — In 1802, she inspired 
in Jacques Bricheteau^ Mother Marie-des-Anges's 
nephew, the most platonic and also the most fer- 
vent and most enduring of passions. Then she 
became the prey of Malin de Gondreviltet already 
of middle age, who had recourse to the services of 
Jacqueline Collin, in order to lead her astray and 
possess her. Being taken to Paris and left alone 
when Jacqueline was arrested, — 1807, — ^she became 
the mistress of one Jules, who was no other than 
Jacques Collin, and who got her with child, — 1809. 
Lured by false pretences into Madame Nourrisson's 
house of ill-fame by Jacqueline Collin, who had 
recovered her liberty, Catherine lay in there, re- 
fused to prostitute herself, and was temporarily 
robbed of her child to punish her for her rebellion. 
The scientific secrets and expedients of the chemist 
Duvignon rescued her from Madame Nourrisson's 
clutches. While she was supposed to be dead by 
her own hand, Catherine had left France with 
Duvignon, who abandoned her in South America. 
There, Mademoiselle Goussard, having become the 
favorite of Doctor Francia, dictator of the Republic 
of Paraguay, and being ambitious for her son, sought 
to assure the succession to the presidency to her 
son. With that end in view, she looked about for a 
suitable legal father for the child, and discovered 
a nobleman of tarnished reputation, the Marquis de 

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Sallenauve, to whom she made advances; she even 
determined to marry him, — 1840, — but he preyed 
upon her shamelessly in order to gratify his taste 
for gambling— 1842. Unfortunately, the octogena- 
rian Francia died, and his successor confined Made- 
moiselle Goussard in a prison situated near a desert. 
She succeeded in escaping; a serpent bit her and 
poisoned her. Charles de Sallenauve, her son, has- 
tening to set her free, recognized her, bMrned her 
body and carried away the ashes. The obsequies 
of Mademoiselle Goussard were celebrated in the 
church at Arcis-sur-Aube late in 1845, ^"^ ^ superb 
monument was erected to her memory; Charles de 
Sallenauve was the sculptor: he, too, is buried in 
the Ursuline convent at Arcis. — Tk^ Beauvisage 

Grades had in his hands notes signed by Ver- 
gniaud the cow-keeper, who owned a cow-shed on 
Rue da Petit-Banquier, Paris; thanks to the funds 
furnished by Derville the solicitor, Grados was paid, 
in 1818, by Colonel Chabert, Vergniaud's guest — 
Colonel Chabert. 

Oraff ( Johann), brother of a tailor in business in 
Paris under Louis-Philippe, came to Paris himself 
after serving as head-waiter in G6d6on Brunner's 
hotel at Frankfort; and kept the H6tel du Rhin on 
Rue du Mail, where Fredkic Brunner and Wilhem 
Schwab alighted, penniless, in 1835. The hotel- 
keeper procured petty places for the two young 

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men: for Brunner with the Kellers, for Schwab 
with his brother the tailor. — Cousin Pons. 

Graff (Wolfgang), brother of the hotel-keeper, a 
wealthy tailor in the heart of Paris, at whose estab- 
lishment Lisbeth Fischer equipped Wenceslas Stein- 
bock in 1838. On Johann Graff's recommendation, 
he employed Wilhem Schwab, and, six years later, 
took him into his family by giving him Emilie Graff 
in marriage; at that time, he received and entertained 
Messieurs Berthier, Frederic Brunner, Schmucke, 
and Sylvain Pons.— Cot^m Bette.-^^Cousin Pons. 

Grancey (Abb6 de), born in 1764. — He entered 
the Church because of a disappointment in love, 
became a priest in 1786, and a oixk in 1788; a dis- 
tinguished ecclesiastic, who had thrice refused a 
bishopric in order not to leave Besancon. He was 
vicar-general of the diocese there in 1834. The 
abb£ had a fine and noble face; he indulged freely 
in incisive remarks. He knew Albert Savarus, 
became fond of him, and took his part Being an 
intimate friend of the Wattevilles, he fathomed and 
rebuked their daughter Rosalie, the advocate's 
strange and formidable enemy. The vicar-general 
also intervened between Madame and Mademoiselle 
de Watteville. He died at the close of the winter 
of 1836-1837.— /4/A«^ Savarus. 

Grancour (Abb£ de), one of the vicars-general 
of the bishopric of Limoges toward the close of the 

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Restoration; the perfect physical antithesis of his col* 
league, the spare and serious-minded Abb6 Dutheil, 
whose exalted and independent liberal doctrines he, 
with prudent cowardice, secretly shared. Grancour 
was a habitu6 of the Graslin salon and was doubt- 
less acquainted with the tragic Tascheron affair. — 
The yiUage Curd. 

Grandemain, in 1822 clerk in the employ of 
Mattre Desroches, whose office could also boast the 
presence of Godeschal, iVlarest, and Oscar Husson. 
—A Start in Life. 

Grandet (F6lix), of Saumur, born between 1745 
and 1749. — A master cooper, in comfortable circum- 
stances, fairly well educated, he married, in the early 
days of the Republic, the daughter of a wealthy lum- 
ber dealer, by whom he had, in 1796, a daughter, 
Eugenie. With their combined capital, Grandet 
bought, at an excellent bargain, the finest vine- 
yards in the arrondissement of Saumur, in addition 
to an old abbey and several farms. Under the Con- 
sulate, he became successively member of the dis- 
trict government and mayor of Saumur; but the 
Empire, supposing him to be inclined to Jacobinism, 
deprived him of the last-named office, although he 
was the largest taxpayer of the town. Under the 
Restoration, the tyranny of his extraordinary avarice 
disturbed the peace of his family. His younger 
brother, Guillaume, failed and killed himself, en- 
trusting F61ix with the settlement of his affairs and 
placing in his care his son Charles, who had hurried 

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to Saumur, knowing nothing of his father's financial 
ruin. Eugenie loved her cousin and fought against 
Grandet's grasping parsimony, which led him to 
turn his brother's catastrophe to his private advan- 
tage. The conflict between Eugenie and her father 
broi<e Madame Grandet's heart. The phases of the 
terrible duel were many and violent. Felix Gran- 
det's passion resorted to stratagem and stubborn 
determination. Death alone could get the better of 
the domestic tyrant. He was carried off by a stroke 
of paralysis, at the age of eighty, and worth seven- 
teen millions, in 1827. — Eugdnie Grandet. 

Grandet (Madame F^Iix), wife of the preceding, 
born about 1770; daughter of a rich lumber dealer. 
Monsieur de la Gaudini^re; married in the early 
days of the Republic and brought her only child, 
Eugenie, into the world in 1796. In 1806, the com- 
bined wealth of the husband and wife was consider- 
ably augmented by the inheritance of her mother 
and of Monsieur de la Bertelli^re, her maternal 
grandfather, both of whom were rich. A pious, 
self-effacing, insignificant creature, bent beneath 
the domestic yoke, Madame Grandet never left Sau- 
mur, where she died, in October, 1822, of an affec- 
tion of the lungs, aggravated by the grief caused by 
her daughter's rebellion and her husband's harsh- 
ness.^Eugdnie Grandet. 

Grandet (Victor-Ange-Guillaume), Felix Gran- 
det's younger brother, dealt in wines at wholesale 

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in Paris and became rich. In 181 5, before the bat- 
tle of Waterloo, FrW^ric de Nucingen bought from 
him a hundred and fifty thousand bottles of cham- 
pagne at thirty sous and sold them at six francs; 
they were drunk by the allies during the foreign 
occupation — 1817-1819. — The House of Nucingen. — 
The beginning of the Restoration was the apogee 
of Guillaume Grandet, the husband of a charming 
woman, a great nobleman's natural daughter, who 
died young after making him a father. He was a 
colonel in the National Guard, one of the judges of 
the tribunal of commerce, was at the head of the 
administration in one of the arrondissements of 
Paris and was chosen Deputy. The town of Sau- 
mur accused him of being ashamed of it, and of 
intending to become the father-in-law of a little 
duchess of the Emperor's creation. Maltre Roguin's 
bankruptcy was partially responsible for the failure 
of Guillaume, who blew out his brains in order to 
avoid the loss of public esteem — November, 1819. 
In his last instructions, Guillaume implored his elder 
brother to have compassion upon Charles, who was 
doubly orphaned by his father's suicide. — Euginie 

Grandet (Charles), only legitimate child of 
Victor-Ange-Guillaume Grandet and his wife, the 
natural daughter of a great nobleman; nephew of 
Felix Grandet; born in 1797. — At first, he led the 
worldly life of wealthy young men, and maintained 
a connection with a certain Annette, a married 


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woman of good position in society. His father's 
tragic death — November, 1819— overwhelmed him 
and caused him to visit Saumur. He fancied that 
he loved his cousin Eug6nie» to whom he plighted 
his troth. He went to India soon after, and there 
assumed the name of Carl Sepherd in order to 
ensure impunity for some equivocal acts; he re- 
turned to France exceedingly rich, — 1827, — landed 
at Bordeaux, in June of that year, accompanied by 
the Aubrions, whose daughter Mathilde he married, 
and allowed Eugenie to complete her self-imposed 
task of paying the aeditors of the house of Guillaume 
Grandet. — Eugdnie Grandet. — Charles Grandet, by 
virtue of his marriage, became Comte d'Aubrion. — 
The House of Nucingen. 

Grandet (Eugfenie).* — See Bonfons (Eugenie 
Cruchot de). 

Grandlieu (Comtesse de), lived early in the 
seventeenth century; related to the Herouvilles; 
probable ancestress of the Grandlieus who were 
famous in France two hundred years later. — Vie 
Accursed Child. 

Grandlieu (Due Ferdinand de), born about 1773; 
probably descended from the Comtesse de Grand- 
lieu of the early years of the seventeenth century, 
and consequently from a family belonging to the 
sturdy old nobility of the Duchy of Bretagne, whose 

*Th« Incidents o# her life have been represented on the stagre by Bsyard. 
m. the Theltrt du Gynnase-Draiiuitlque, under the tittt Tb* Mistr's Dmt jUtr , 

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device was Caveo non titneo. — At the close of the 
eighteenth and during the first half of the nineteenth 
century, Ferdinand de Grandlieu was the head of 
the elder branch, the wealthy, ducal branch of the 
house of Grandlieu. Under the Consulate and 
the Empire, his exalted position, which was even 
then unimpaired, enabled him to appeal to Talley- 
rand in behalf of Messieurs d'Hauteserre and de 
Simeuse, who were involved in the fictitious abduc- 
tion of Malin de Gondreville. Ferdinand de Grand- 
lieu, by his marriage with an Ajuda of the elder 
branch, — of Portuguese origin and allied to the Bra- 
ganzas, — had several daughters, of whom the eldest 
took the veil, in 1822. His other daughters were 
CIotilde-Fred6rique, born in 1802; Josephine; Sa- 
bine, born in 1809; Marie- Athenals, born about 
1820. He was Madame de Langeais's uncle by 
marriage, and he had a house in Paris, in Faubourg 
Saint-Germain, where, during the reign of Louis 
XVlll., the Princesse de Blaumont-Chauvry, the 
Vidame de Pamiers, and the Due de Navarreins 
assembled in family council to pass judgment upon 
a startling escapade on the part of Antoinette de 
Langeais. At least ten years later, Grandlieu made 
use of his intimate friend Henri de Chaulieu, and 
also of Corentin, — Saint-Denis, — ^to arrest the prose- 
cution of Lucien de Rubempre, which threatened to 
compromise his daughter Clotilde-Frederique. — A 
Dark Affair. — History of the Thirteen: Ferragus; 
La Duchesse de Langeais, — La RabouiBeuse. — Modeste 
Mignon. — Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

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Grandlieu (Mademoiselle de), under the first 
Empire, married an imperial chamberlain, perhaps 
prefect of Orne as well, and was received, alone, 
at Alencon, among the exclusive members of the 
local aristocracy, over which the Esgrignons held 
sway. — The Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Grandlieu (Duchesse Ferdinand de), of Portu- 
guese extraction; born Ajuda of the eider branch; 
wife of Due Ferdinand de Grandlieu and mother of 
several daughters, the eldest of whom took the veil 
in 1822. Of sedentary habits, proud, devout,* kind- 
hearted, and beautiful, she wielded a sort of supreme 
power in Paris, during the Restoration, through her 
salon in Faubourg Saint-Germain. The second and 
the last but one of her children caused her much anx- 
iety. Struggling against the hostility of all those 
about her, she received Rubempre, with whom her 
daughter Clotilde-Frfedferique was in love, — 1829- 
1830. The unfortunate results of the marriage of 
her other daughter Sabine, Baroness Calyste du 
Gu6nic, engrossed the thoughts of Madame de Grand- 
lieu in 1837, and she succeeded in bringing the young 
couple together, with the assistance of Abbe Bros- 
sette, Maxime de Trailles, and Charles-Edouard 
Rusticoli de la Palftrine. Religious scruples made 
her pause for a moment; but they vanished, as did 
her political fidelity, and, like Mesdames d'Espard, 
de Listom&re, and des Touches, she tacitly recognized 

* She attended service at Saint- Valire, on Rae de Bour^ogiie* a chapel 
«m4 for worship during the construction ol Salnt-Clotllde. 

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the bourgeois royalty a few years after the be- 
ginning of the new reign, and opened the doors of 
her salon anew. She herself, and all her family, 
were at the church when Maxime de Trailles mar- 
ried Ren&e-C6cile Beauvisage, to whom Madame de 
Grandiieu was extraordinarily gracious — 1841. — 
Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. — Biatrix. — A 
Daughter of Boe. — The Beauvisage Family. 

Grandiieu (Mademoiselle de), eldest daughter 
of the Due and Duchesse de Grandiieu, took the 
veil in 1822. — La Rabouilleuse. — Splendors and Mis* 
eries of Courtesans. 

Orandlieu (Clotilde-Fr£d£rique de), born in 
1802, second daughter of the Due and Duchesse 
Ferdinand de Grandiieu, a long, flat creature, a 
caricature of her mother. She met with no support 
except from her mother, when she fell in love with 
and wished to marry the ambitious Lucien de Ru- 
bempre, in the spring of 1830. She saw him for 
the last time on the road to Italy, in the forest of 
Fontainebleau, near Bouron, under very painful cir- 
cumstances; the young man was arrested before 
her eyes; Madeleine de Lenoncourt accompanied 
Mademoiselle de Grandiieu at the time. — Splendors 
and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Grandiieu (Josephine de). — See Marquise Miguel 
d'Ajuda Pinto. 

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Grandlieu (Sabine de). — See Guenic (Baronne 
Calyste du). 

Grandlieu (Marie-AthenaTs de).— See Grandlieu 
(Vicomtesse Juste de). 

Grandlieu (Vicomtesse de), sister of the Comte 
de Born; descended more directly than Due Ferdi- 
nand from the countess of the seventeenth century; 
since 1813, the time of her husband's deaths head 
of the younger branch of the Grandlieus, whose 
device was Grands faits, grand lieu; mother of 
Camille and Juste de Grandlieu, mother-in-law 
of Ernest de Restaud; returned to France with 
Louis XVIII. — She lived at first on the royal bounty, 
but subsequently recovered a large part of her 
property through the efforts of Maitre Derville, put 
forth from the beginning of the Restoration. The 
viscountess always manifested extreme gratitude to 
the solicitor, who also defended her against the 
Legion of Honor, was admitted to her house on a 
friendly footing, and told her the secrets of the 
Restaud household, one evening in the winter of 
1830, at the time that Ernest de Restaud, son 
of Comtesse Anastasie, was paying court to 
Camille, whom he afterward married. — Splendors 
and Miseries of Courtesans. — Colonel Chabert. — 

Grandlieu (Camille de). — ^See Restaud (Com- 
tesse Ernest de). 

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Grandlieu (Vicomte Juste de), son of the Vicom- 
tesse de Grandlieu, brother of the Comtesse Ernest 
de Restaud, cousin and afterward husband of Marie- 
Ath^nais de Grandlieu, by that marriage united the 
fortunes of the two families of Grandlieu, and ob- 
tained the title of duke.^Splendars and Miseries of 
Courtesans. — Gobseck. 

Grandlieu (Vicomtesse Juste de), born Marie- 
Ath6nals Grandlieu, about 1820; last daughter of 
Due and Duchesse Ferdinand de Grandlieu; married 
to her cousin, Vicomte Juste de Grandlieu. In the 
early years of the regime of July, she received at 
her house in Paris a young married woman like 
herself, Madame Felix de Vandenesse, then engaged 
in a flirtation with Raoul Nathan. — Splendors and 
Miseries of Courtesans.— Gobsuk.— A Daughter of 

Granet, deputy mayor of the second arrondisse- 
ment of Paris in 1818, his chief being Flamet de la 
Billardi&re; with his extremely ugly wife, he was 
Invited to the famous ball given by his municipal 
colleague, Ctear Birotteau, on Sunday the 17th of 
December of that year.—Cdsar Birotteau. 

Granet, one of the influential men of Besancon, 
under Louts-Philippe. In gratitude for a service 
rendered him by Albert Savarus, he proposed that 
victim of Rosalie Watteville's jealousy as a candi- 
date for Deputy from that town. — Albert Savarus. 

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Granson (Madame), the destitute widow of a 
lieutenant-colonel of artillery, killed at Jena, by 
whom she had a son, Athanase. In 1816, she 
lived at No. 8 Rue du Bercail,* Alencon, where the 
benevolence of a distant relative, Madame du Bous- 
quier, placed in her hands the treasurership of a local 
mothers' society for the suppression of infanticide, 
and brought her in contact, under very peculiar cir- 
cumstances, with her who became Madame Th^dore 
Gaillard.— Tiir^ Old Maid. 

Granson (Athanase), son of the preceding, born 
in 1793, petty clerk in the mayor's office at Alencon 
where he was employed in the work of granting 
certificates of social status; a sort of poet, liberal in 
politics and filled with legitimate ambition; weary 
of poverty and overflowing with grandiose concep- 
tions. Before 1816, he loved with a passion which 
his senses and his self-interest combated, Madame 
du Bousquier, then Mademoiselle Cormon, his senior 
by more than seventeen years. In 18 16, the mar- 
riage dreaded by Athanase took place. He could not 
endure that cruel blow, and he threw himself into 
the Sarthe. He was regretted by none but his 
mother and Suzanne du Val-Noble. — The Old Maid. 
— Nevertheless, eight years later, it was said of 
him: '' The Athanase Gransons are destined to die 
for lack of nourishment, like the seeds that fall on a 
bare rock." — The Civil Service. 

* Rut da Btrcall. still to called. It oppotKt Iht church of Notre-Duoe. «ni 
It a prolongation of Rut du Cygno. 

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Granville (Comtede) had a defective civil status^ 
the orthography of the name varying constantly 
by reason of the insertion or non-insertion of a rf 
between the n and the v. In 1805, being then ad- 
vanced in years, he lived at Bayeux, where he 
probably was born: his father was president of a 
chamber in the Parliament of Normandie. At 
Bayeux the count arranged a marriage for his son 
with the wealthy Ang^liqqe Bontems. — A Double 

Granville (Vicomte de), son of the Comte de 
Granville, to which title he succeeded at his father's 
death; born about 1779, brought up for the magis- 
tracy by family tradition. Under the patronage of 
Cambacer^, he passed through all the administra- 
tive and judicial grades. He studied under Mattre 
Bordin's eye, pleaded Michu's cause in the dark 
affair of the sequestration of Senator Malin, and 
was officially and officiously made acquainted with 
one of its consequences shortly after his marriage 
to a young girl of Bayeux, the rich heiress of a 
purchaser of national property. Paris was almost 
always the theatre of the brilliant career of Maltre 
Granville, who, under the Empire, left Qua! des 
Augustins, where he lived, to take up his abode 
with his wife on the ground-floor of a house in the 
Marais, between Rue Vieille-du-Temple and Rue 
Neuve Saint-Francois.* He became successively 

* Ru« Neuve S«lnt-Ff«iKOit became Rue Debelleyme abput a tcore o# 
years since. 

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avocat-g6n6ral at the tribunal of the Seine and 
president of one of the chambers of said court. 
During that period , the following domestic drama 
took place in Granville's life: offended in his 
broad and liberal ideas by Madame de Granville's 
bigotry, he sought domestic joys abroad, although 
he already had four legitimate children. He had 
met Caroline Crochard on Rue du Tourniquet 
Saint- Jean; he installed her on Rue Taitbout, and 
found in that connection, only too short in its dura- 
tion, alas ! the domestic happiness vainly hoped for 
in his legitimate household. Granville concealed 
this ephemeral happiness beneath the pseudonym of 
Roger. A son and daughter, Charles and Eugenie, 
were born of this adulterous union, broken by Made- 
moiselle Crochard's desertion and saddened by the 
misconduct of Charles, which was divulged to him 
under the most cruel circumstances. Until the death 
of Madame Crochard, Caroline's mother, Granville 
was able to keep up appearances before Comtesse 
Angfelique. So that they were together in the coun- 
try, in Seine-et-Oise, at the time that they assisted 
Messieurs d'Albon and de Sucy. — The remainder of 
Granville's life after he was abandoned by his wife 
and his mistress was passed in solitude or in inter- 
course with a few close friends, among whom were 
Octave de Bauvan and S^rizy. Hard work and 
honors partially consoled him. It was at his re- 
quest as procureur-giniral that Cesar Birotteau, 
one of his tenants at No. 397 Rue Saint-Honore, 
was rehabilitated; he and Angelique had been invited 

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to the perfumer's famous ball more than three 
years before. As procureur-general at the Court of 
Cassation, Granville secretly sheltered Lucien de 
Rubempre at the time of the poet's famous trial, 
and drew down upon himself the affection of Jacques 
Collin and the equally powerful enmity of Amelie 
Camusot. The Revolution of July did not impair 
Granville's enviable position; he became a peer of 
France under the new regime, owning and occupy- 
ing a small house on Rue Saint-Lazare, or travelling 
in Italy. At that time, he was one of Doctor Bian- 
chon's patients. — A Dark Affair. — A Double Family. 
— Adieu. — C6sar Birotteau. — Splendors and Miseries 
of Courtesans. — The Last Incarnation of Wautrin. — 
A Daughter of Eve. — Cousin Pons. 

Granville (Comtesse Ang^lique de), wife of the 
preceding and daughter of Bontems, a farmer and 
a sort of Jacobin, enriched by the Revolution as a 
result of the purchase of property of emigres at a low 
price. She was born at Bayeux in 1787, and re- 
ceived from her mother a very bigoted education. 
At the beginning of the Empire, she married the 
son of one of the neighbors of her family, then 
Vicomte and afterward Comte de Granville, and, 
under the influence of Abb6 Fontanon, she preserved 
in Paris extremely devout habits and morals. In 
this way, Angfelique de Granville drove her husband 
to infidelity, preceded by simple neglect, and of her 
four children she retained in her own hands the edu- 
cation of her two daughters. She left her husband 

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altogether, when she discovered the existence of 
her rival, Mademoiselle de Bellefeuille, — Caroline 
Crochard, — and returned to Bayeux to end her 
days, remaining to the last the austere, miserly, 
and sanctified creature who had formerly been scan- 
dalized by the publicity of the love-affair of Mon- 
triveau and Madame de Langeais. She died in 
1822. — A Double Family. — History of the Thirteen: 
La Duchesse de Langeais. — A Daughter of Eve. 

Granville (Vicomte de), eldest son of the pre- 
ceding. — He was brought up by his father. In 
1828, he was deputy king's attorney at Limoges, 
where he became avocat-gfenfiral and fell in love 
with Vferonique Graslin, whose secret enmity he 
incurred by proceeding against Jean-Frangois Tasch- 
eron, the assassin. His career was almost identi- 
cal with his father's. In 1833, ^^ ^^^ appointed 
first president at Orleans, and, in 1844, procureur- 
g^n^ral. Later, in the neighborhood of the same city 
of Limoges, he came unexpectedly upon a spectacle 
which moved him deeply: Veronique Graslin's pub- 
lic confession. — The Vicomte de Granville had, un- 
wittingly, been the executioner of the chatelaine of 
Mont^gnac. — A Double Family. — A Daughter of Eve. 
—The yUlage Curi. 

Granville (Baron Eugfene de), younger brother of 
the preceding, king's attorney in Paris in May, 1830; 
he filled the same position three years later, when 
he informed his father, Comte de Granville, of the 

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arrest of a thief named Charles Crochard, who was 
his natural brother. — Splendors and Miseries ofCoW' 
tesans. — A Double Family. 

Granville (Marie-Ang£lique de). — ^See Vande- 
nesse (Comtesse F^lix de). 

Granville (Marle-Eug6nie de).— See Tiilet (Ma- 
dame Ferdinand du). 

Graslin (Pierre), born in 1775; Auvergnat, com- 
patriot and friend of Sauviat, whose daughter Vero- 
nique he married at Limoges, in 1822. — He began 
as a simple banker's clerk, with the firm of Grosse- 
t&te and Ferret, a house in good standing in that 
city. A capable man of affairs, and a desperately 
hard worker, he succeeded his employers in busi- 
ness. Graslin's fortune, increased by fortunate 
speculations with Br^zac, enabled him to purchase 
one of the finest houses in the capital of Haute- 
Vienne. He was unable to win his wife's heart. 
His physical disadvantages, resulting from his negli- 
gence and his extreme avarice, were complicated by 
a domestic tyranny soon made manifest. — So it was 
that he was only the legal father of a son named 
Francois, but he was ignorant of that fact; for, 
sitting as a juror at the Assize Court on the trial 
of Jean-Francois Tascheron, the child's real father, 
he strove, but vainly, to secure the acquittal of the 
accused. Two years after the bastard's birth and 
the execution of the mother's lover, in April, 1831^ 

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Pierre Graslin died of exhaustion and grief: the 
sudden breaking-out of the Revolution of July had 
shaken his financial position, which he had recon- 
quered with great difficulty. — He had just purchased 
Montegnac from the Navarreins. — The tillage Curd. 

Graslin (Madame Pierre), wife of the preceding, 
born Veronique Sauviat, at Limoges, in May, 1802; 
beautiful, despite the traces of small-pox; had had 
the spoiled, although simple, childhood of an only 
daughter. At the age of twenty, she married Pierre 
Graslin. Immediately after her marriage, her in- 
genuous, romantic, and refined nature suffered in 
secret from the narrow-minded tyranny of the man 
whose name she bore. Nevertheless, Veronique 
kept at a distance the would-be gallants who fre- 
quented her salon, and especially the Vicomte de 
Granville: she was and remained the unsuspected 
mistress of Jean-Francois Tascheron, a worker in 
porcelain; she was about to fly with him when the 
crime he had committed was discovered. Madame 
Graslin underwent the most atrocious torments, 
brought the guillotined man's child into the world 
at the very moment of his father's execution, and 
condemned herself to the harshest austerities and the 
most pitiless macerations. She was able to give 
herself up more freely to her penance after her 
husband's death, which occurred two years later, 
and she left Limoges for Montegnac, where she 
acquired genuine fame by charitable creations 
and foundations on a magnificent scale* Madame 

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Graslin had for collaborators at one time or another 
F. Grossetfite, Bonnet, Grancour, Dutheil, Grfegoire, 
Gerard, Monsieur Champion, Roubaud, Clousier, 
Aline, Ruffin, Colorat, Madame Sauviat, and Far- 
rabesche. The unexpected return of a sister of her 
lover dealt her the final blow. She had strength, 
however, to arrange the union of Denise Tascheron 
and Gregoire Gerard, entrusted her son to them, 
made many considerable gifts calculated to perpetuate 
her memory, and died, during the summer of 1844, 
after carrying out her purpose of confessing in pub- 
lic, in the presence of Bianchon, Dutheil, Granville, 
Madame Sauviat, and Bonnet, one and all overcome 
with admiration and emotion. — The yUlage Curi. 

Graslin (Francis), born at Limoges, in August, 
1829. — Only child of Veronique Graslin; legally the 
son of Pierre Graslin; natural son of Jean-Francois 
Tascheron; he lost his legal father two years after 
his coming into the world, and his mother thirteen 
years later. His tutor. Monsieur Ruffin, his maternal 
grandmother, Madame Sauviat, and, above all, the 
Gregoire Gerards watched over his young manhood, 
which he passed at Mont6gnac. — The HUage Curi. 

Grasset, bailiff, and successor to Louchard. — At 
the suit of Lisbeth Fischer, and by Rivet's advice, 
he arrested W. Steinbock in Paris in 1838, and took 
him to Clichy prison.* — Cousin Bette. 

^Thls house of detention for debt ttlll ezlited twenty yean ago; it was oa 
ttie site of the present Rue Nouvelle. 

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or trembling, she underwent the yoke of a second 
Felix Grandet. — La RabouiUeuse. 

Hochon» eldest son of the preceding; survived 
his brother and sister; married, when vtxy young, 
a wealthy woman, by whom he had a son; died a 
year before her, in 1813, at the battle of Hanau. — 
La RabouUleuse. 

Hochon (Francois), son of the preceding, born 
in 1798. — An orphan at sixteen, he was adopted by 
hb paternal grandparents, and lived at Issoudun, 
with his cousins the young Borniches. Francois, 
secretly consorted with his friend Maxence Gilet, 
was one of the Knights of Idleness, until his mis- 
conduct was discovered. His grandfather in his 
wrath sent him to Poitiers, where he studied law, 
and received a yearly allowance of six hundred 
francs. — La RabouiOeuse. 

Honorine. — See Bauvan (Comtesse Octave de). 

Hopwood (Lady Julia), an English lady who 
travelled in Spain in 1818 and 1819, and had in her 
service for a short time a maid called Caroline, who 
was really Antoinette de Langeais, fleeing from 
Paris where Montriveau had rejected her advances. 
— History of the Thirteen: La Duchesse de Langeais. 

Horeau (Jacques), called " Le Stuart,'* had been 
a lieutenant in the Sixty-ninth demi-brigade. — He 

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became one of tlie associates of Tint^niac, well 
known for his participation in the Quiberon expedi- 
tion; he turned chauffeur ^ took part in the royalist 
movement in Orne in which Henrietta Bryond lost 
her life. Jacques Horeau underwent the same fate. 
He was executed in 1809. — 7%^ Other Side of Con- 
temporaneous History. 

Hortense, one of Lord Dudley's numerous mis- 
tresses, under Louis-Philippe. — She lived on Rue 
Tronchet when Cerizet made use of Antonia Cho- 
cardelle to trick Maxime de Trailles. — A Man of 
Business. — The Deputy from Arcis. 

Hostal (Maurice de T), born in 1802; a living 
portrait, physically, of Lord Byron; nephew and 
adopted son of Abbe Loraux. — He became, in the 
first place, Octave de Bauvan's secretary, and sub- 
sequently his confidential friend, on Rue Payenne, 
in the Marais; he knew Honorine de Bauvan on 
Rue Saint-Maur-Popincourt, and narrowly escaped 
falling in love with his benefactor's wife; t)ecame 
a diplomatist, left France, married Onorina PedrottI, 
an Italian, and had children by her. In 1836, being 
then consul at Genoa, he saw Octave de Bauvan 
once more, a widower and on his death-bed, who 
commended his son to him. Monsieur de I'Hostal 
entertained Claude Vignon, L^on de Lora, and Fe- 
licitfe des Touches, and told them of his own begin- 
nings as well as of the conjugal catastrophes of the 
Bauvans. — Honorine. 

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Hostal (Madame Maurice de 1'), wife of the pre- 
ceding, born Onorina Pedrotti; a beautiful and ex- 
ceptionally wealthy Genoese;* slightly jealous of 
the consul; she probably listened to the tale he told 
the artists Vignon, Lora, and F61icit6 des Touches. 
— Honarine. 

Huet (Jacques), clerk for Mattre Bordin, attor- 
ney at the Chatelet, in 1787. He doubtless had for 
his fellow-clerks Malin de Gondreville, Grevin, etc. 
— /4 Start in Life, 

Hulot, born in 1766, served under the first Re- 
public and the Empire. — He took an active part in 
the wars and tragedies of the time. Hulot com- 
manded the Seventy-second demi-brigade, called 
the Mayencaise, at the time of the Chouan upris- 
ing, in 1799. — He fought against Montauran. His 
time as private and officer had been so completely 
filled that his thirty-three years seemed like a far 
greater number. He was to be found everywhere. 
He rubbed elbows with Montcornet early in life. 
Later, the habitues of Madame de la Baudraye's 
salon learned of the prowess of one of their num- 
ber. Hulot remained a democrat under the Empire. 
Bonaparte rewarded him none the less. He becanf>e 
colonel of the grenadiers of the Guard, Comte de 
Forzheim, and marshal. After his retirement, he 
passed his last years simply, in his magnificent 
house on Rue du Montparnasse,t maintaining his 

* Daughters are usually disfnnerited In Genoese families. 

i Probably No. aj, not far from the house in which Sainte-Beuve died. 

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friendship with Cottin de Wissembourg, stone-deaf, 
and frequently surrounded by the family of a brother 
whose disgraceful conduct hastened his death, in 
1841. Hulot had a superb funeral. — The Chouans. 
— The Muse of the Department. — Cousin Bette. 

Hulot d'Ervy (Baron Hector), born about 1775, 
brother of the preceding; assumed the name of Hulot 
d'Ervy early in life, in order to make a distinction 
between himself and his brother the marshal, to 
whom he owed the brilliant beginning of a career 
both military and ministerial. Hulot d'Ervy be- 
came intendant-commissary under the Republic. 
The Empire made him a baron. During one or 
the other of those epochs, he married Adeline Fischer, 
by whom he had two children. The governments 
which followed the Empire, at all events the gov- 
ernment of July, also looked with favor on Hector, 
who became, in turn, intendant-general, director of 
the war department, councillor of State, and grand 
officer of the Legion of Honor. The disorders of 
his private life dated from those days, and became 
more and more aggravated during his various Pari- 
sian residences, on Rue de TUniversite, Rue Plumet, 
Rue Vaneau, Rue du Dauphin, Rue Saint-Maur-du- 
Temple, Rue de la Pepini^re, Rue de la Bienfaisance, 
— Passage du Soleil,* — and Rue Louis-le-Grand. 
Each of his successive mistresses, Jenny Cadine, 
Josfepha Mirah, Valerie Marneffe, Olympe Bijou- 
Grenouville, Elodie Chardin, Atala Judici, Agathe 

*Tbe Passage du Solell is now the G«leri« de Cherbourg. 

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Piquetard, helped on his downfall, contributed to 
his disgrace. He disguised himself on several occa- 
sions under the names of Thoul, Thorec, and Vyder, 
anagrams of Hulot, Hector, and D'Ervy. Neither 
the persecution of Samanon the money-lender nor the 
influence of his family reformed Hulot, who, after his 
wife's death, married Agathe Piquetard, his scullery- 
maid, and the lowest of his servants. — Cousin BetU. 

Hulot d'Ervy (Baronne Hector), wife of the 
preceding, born Adeline Fischer, in a village of 
the Vosges, in 1790; Hulot at first noticed her on 
account of her beauty; the marriage which ensued 
was one of love on both sides, and for a long while 
she was happy, beloved, and petted by her husband, 
and venerated by her brother-in-law. — Hector Hulot's 
infidelities and her troubles began toward the close 
of the Empire, notwithstanding their two children, 
Victorin and Hortense. Had it not been for her 
maternal anxiety, the baroness would have for- 
given her husband's constant degradation. The 
honor of the name and her daughter's future filled 
her thoughts. No sacrifice was too great for her. 
She vainly offered herself to Celestin Crevel, whom 
she had at first repulsed, submitted to the parvenu's 
insults, appealed to Josepha Mirah and rescued the 
baron from Atala Judici. The last years of her life 
were, for brief intervals, somewhat less wretched. 
She devoted herself to charity, and lived on Rue 
Louis-le-Grand with her married children and their 
reconquered father. The intervention of Victorin, 

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the deaths of the Marshal Comte de Forzheim, of 
Lisbeth Fischer, of Monsieur and Madame Crevel, 
were followed by a season of peace and security 
not infrequently threatened with interruption; but 
the sudden discovery of Hector's intrigue with 
Agathe Piquetard suddenly snapped the thread of 
Madame Hulot's life; she had long been afflicted 
with a nervous trembling. She died at the age of 
fifty-six or thereabout. — Cousin Bette. 

Hulot (Victorin), the elder of the two children of 
the preceding. He married Mademoiselle C^lestine 
Crevel, and had children by her. Under Louis- 
Philippe he became one of the leading advocates of 
Paris; was a member of the Chamber of Deputies, 
counsel to the war department, consulting counsel 
to the prefecture of police, and counsel for the civil 
list: his salary amounted to eighteen thousand 
francs. He held a seat at the Palais-Bourbon when 
the election of Dorlange-Sallenauve was under dis« 
cussion. His professional connection with the pre-^ 
fecture enabled him to rescue his family from the 
clutches of Madame Valerie Crevel. He became 
the owner of a house on Rue Louis-le-Grand as early 
as 1834, and seven or eight years later, he accom- 
modated almost all the Hulots and their near kindred 
there; but he could not prevent his father's second 
marriage. — The Deputy from Ards. — Cousin Bette. 

Hulot (Madame Victorin), wife of the preceding, 
born C£lestine Crevel; married as a result of the 

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chance meeting of her father and father-in-law, liber- 
tines both. — She took part in the dissensions between 
the two families, and replaced Lisbeth Fischer as 
housekeeper on Rue Louis-ie-Grand ; she seems 
never to have seen the second Madame Crevel ex- 
cept at her father's death-bed. — Cousin Bette. 

Hulot (Hortense). — ^See Steinbock (Comtesse 

Hulot d'Ervy (Baronne Hector), born Agathe 
Piquetard of Isigny, where she afterward became 
Baron Hector Hulot d'Ervy's second wife. — Became 
scullery-maid at the Hulots' house in Paris in De- 
cember, 184$, and was married to her old master, 
then a widower, February i, 1846. — Cousin Bette, 

Humann, the famous Parisian tailor in 1836 and 
the following years; at the instigation of Rabourdin 
and Juste, students, he equipped the penniless 
Zfephirin Marcas "as a politician." — Z. Marcos. 

Hur6, a native of Mortagne, was, at the beginning 
of the Restoration, messenger-boy in the office of 
Mattre Derville, solicitor in Rue Vivienne, when Hya- 
cinthe-Chabert appeared there. — Colonel Chabert. 

Husson (Madame). — See Madame Clapart. 

Husson (Oscar), born about 1804, son of the pre- 
ceding and of Monsieur Husson, — army contractor, 
— led a checkered life, explained by his origin and 

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his childhood. — He hardly knew his father, who 
made a fortune and lost it with equal rapidity. 
The dissipated past of his mother, who afterward 
married again, resulted in some more or less influ- 
ential connections, whereby she became titular 
fernme de ckambre to Madame Mftre — Letitia Bona- 
parte — under the first Empire. The fall of Napo- 
leon completed the ruin of the Hussons. Oscar and 
his mother — now the wife of Monsieur Clapart — 
occupied a modest apartment on Rue de la Cerisaie, 
Paris. The foolish vaporings of a vain, spoiled child, 
indulged in at the Comte de Serizy's chateau, not 
far from LMsle-Adam, exposed him to the harsh 
reproof of his quasi-godfather. Monsieur Moreau. 
Later, having obtained his license, Oscar became 
clerk for Desroches the solicitor, and was trained 
by Godeschal. During his stay there, he fell 
in with two young men, cousins, the Marests. 
One of them had been responsible long before for 
Oscar's first escapade, which was followed by a far 
more serious one at the apartments, on Rue Ven- 
dOme,* of Florentine Cabirolle, who was then kept 
and supported by Oscar's uncle, the wealthy Car- 
dot. The young man was obliged to abandon law 
and enter the military service. He was in the 
calvary regiment of the Due de Maufrigneuse and 
the Vicomte de Serizy. — The intervention of the 
dauphiness and Abbe Gaudron brought him promo- 
tion and a decoration. He was, in turn, aide de 
camp to Lafayette, captain, officer of the Legion of 

* Now Rut Beranger. 

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Honor, and lieutenant-colonel. He was brought 
prominently before the public by a brilliant exploit 
on Algerian territory during the affair of La Macta; 
he lost his left arm in a vain attempt to save the 
Vicomte de Serizy. He was subsequently retired, 
and obtained the post of collector at Beaumont-sur- 
Oise. He married Georgette Pierrotin, — 1838, — 
and met again divers accomplices or witnesses of 
his past frivolities,— one of the Marests, the Moreaus, 
etc — A Start in Life. 

Husson (Madame Oscar), wife of the preceding; 
born Georgette Pierrotin; daughter of the proprie- 
tor of a line of stages in the department of Oise. — 
A Start in Life. 

Hyacinthe, Colonel Chabert's real name. 

Hyacinthe (Monseigneur). — ^See Abb6 Troubert. 

Hyde de Neuville (Jean-Guillaume, Baron),— 
1 776-1 8 57, — who belonged to the Martignac ministry 
In 1828, was one of the most active agents of the 
Bourbon princes in 1797; he kept civil war alive in 
the West, and, in 1799, had a conference with 
Napoleon Bonaparte on the subject of restoring 
Louis XVIII. — The Chouans. 

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Idamore, nam de guerre of Chardin fils as a 
member of the claque at a theatre on Boulevard du 
Temple, Paris. — Cousin Bette. 

Isemberg (Mardchal Due d'), was probably of 
the Imperial nobility; he lost heavily at play, in 
November, 1809, at a great party given by Senator 
Malin de Gondreville, while the Duchesse de Lansac 
was effecting a reconciliation between a young hus- 
band and wife. — The Peace of the Household. 

Jacmin (Philox^ne), of Honfleur, probably cousin 
to Jean Butscha; lady's-maid to Eleonore de Chau- 
lieu; in love with Germain Bonnet, Melchior de 
Canalis's valet. — Modeste Mignon. 

Jacom^ty, (ihief turnkey at the Conciergerie, 
Paris, in May, 1830, during the detention of Lucien 
Chardon de Rubemprfe. — The Last Incarnation of 

Jacquelin, born in Normandie, about 1776, was 
in 1816 in the service of Mademoiselle Cormon, the 
old maid, at Alencon. He married at the time that 

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she married Monsieur du Bousquier. After this 
double event, Jacquelin continued for some time in 
the service of Abbe de Sponde's niece. — The Old 

Jacques, for many years a footman in the service 
of Claire de Beauseant, followed her to Bayeux. — 
Being essentially ** aristocratic, intelligent, and dis- 
creet," he understood his mistress's sufferings. — 
Old Gariot. — TTte Deserted Mistress. 

Jacquet (Claude- Joseph), a worthy bourgeois, 
married, paterfamilias, beset by certain hobbies. — 
He performed the duties of deputy-mayor of one of 
the arrondissements of Paris under the Restoration, 
and was at the same time keeper of the archives of 
the department of foreign affairs. He owed much 
to his friend Jules Desmarets; so he deciphered for 
him, about 1820, a mysterious letter written by 
Gratien Bourignard. When Clemence Desmarets 
died, Monsieur Jacquet consoled the broker at the 
church of Saint-Roch, and at the cemetery of P^re- 
Lachaise. — History of the Thirteen: Ferragus. 

Jacquinaut, under-clerk to Maltre Derville, the 
solicitor, in 1822. — A Start in Life. 

Jacquinot, said to have been Maltre Cardot's 
successor, under Louis-Philippe. — The Petty Bour- 
geois ; — but as Cardot was succeeded by his son-in- 
law, Earthier, there seems to be some confusion. 

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Jacquotte, originally in the service of a cure, 
afterward of Doctor Benassis, whose house she 
managed with a devotion and zeal characterized by 
much despotism. — The Country Doctor. 

Jamouillot (Madame), assisted Madame Fon- 
taine, the famous fortune-teller, in her divinations. 
— The Comte de Sallenauve. 

Jan,* a painter, who "snapped his fingers at 
renown." In 1838, he covered with flowers and 
decorated the door of the bed-chamber in a small 
apartment on Rue du Dauphin, Paris, owned by 
Crevel, where Valerie Marneffe and Baron Hulot 
were taken in flagrante delicto. — Cousin Bette. 

Janssen, shoemaker to the Opera in 1823; fur- 
nished Eleonore and Louise de Chaulieu with foot- 
wear. — Memoirs of Two Young Wives. 

Janvier, priest in a village of Is^re in 1829; " a 
genuine Pension reduced to the proportions of 
a cure;" knew, understood, and seconded Doctor 
Benassis. — The Country Doctor. 

Japhet (Baron), celebrated chemist, subjected 
Raphael de Valentin's extraordinary shagreen skin 
to hydrofluoric acid, to chloride of nitrogen, and to 

* Perhaps th« painter and decontor. Laurent-Jan, author of Misantbropit 
sans Repeuiir, and the friend of Balzac, who dedicated his drama, yautrim, to 

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the action of the voltaic battery. To his unbounded 
amazement, the chemist produced no change in the 
tissues of the skin. — The Magic Skin. 

Jean, servant of the Piombos In Paris, was sent, 
in the summer of i8is> to meet their belated daugh- 
ter. — The ycndetta. 

Jean, coachman and confidential servant to Mon- 
sieur de Merret, at Vendfime, In 1816. — Another 
Study of Woman. 

Jean, footman In the employ of the Marquise de 
Listomire, at Paris, under the Empire. — The Idly of 
the ^^aUey. 

Jean, hedger and ditcher, probably something of 
a gardener, worked for Filix Grandet, In 1819, in a 
field on the bank of the Loire, filling holes left by 
poplars that had been removed, and planting others. 
— Euginie Grandet. 

Jean, one of the Due de Grandlieu's servants in 
May, iS^o.— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Jean, Nucingen's gardener at Paris, toward the 
close of the Restoration.— Splendors and Miseries of 

lean, one of the keepers at Pfere-Lachaise in 1820- 
1821, guided Jules Desmarets and Monsieur Jacquet 

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to the newly-made grave of Clemence Bourignard 
(Desmarets).* — History of the Thirteen: Ferragus. 

Jean, servant to Josepha Mirah at Paris, in 1843, 
when she received Adeline Hulot — Cousin Bette. 

Jean, servant to Camusot de Marville, at Paris, 
at the time that Madeleine Vivet was persecuting 
Sylvain Pons, — Cousin Pons. 

Jean, coachman to the minister of finance, in 
1824, at the time of the death of Flamet de la Bil- 
lardifere, chief of division. — The Civil Service. 

Jean, lay-brother at an abbey until 1791, when 
he was taken in by Niseron, cur6 of Slangy, — 
Bourgogne; — ^was seldom separated from Gregoire 
Rigou, whose factotum he eventually became. — The 

Jeannette, the young, pretty, and bewitching 
servant-mistress of Soudry, mayor of Soulanges, in 
1823. — The Peasants. 

Jeannette, born in 1758; cook to the Ragons, on 
Rue du Petit-Llon-Saint-Sulpice,t Paris, in 1818; 
distinguished herself on reception Sundays. — Cdsar 

* In s868. MtMl«urs FerdliMnd DugiuA and Peaucellier produced, at th« 
Thdttre de la Gatte. a drama In which Cliinenc« Desmarett was one of the 
principal characters. 

tThat part of the present Rue Salnt-Sulplce which lies between Rue de 
Cond^ and Rue de Seine. 

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Jeanrenaud, a Protestant, widow of the master 
of a salt barge by whom she had a son; a stout, 
ugly, vulgar woman. Under the Restoration, she 
recovered a fortune which had been stolen from her 
ancestors by the Catholic ancestors of the Marquis 
d'Espard, and was restored by him despite an at- 
tempt to have him placed under guardianship in 
order to prevent the restitution. Madame Jean- 
renaud lived at Villeparisis, and afterward at Paris 
— at first on Rue de la Vrilli^re, No. 8, then on 
Grande Rue Verte.* — The Interdiction. 

Jeanrenaud, son of the preceding; born about 
1792. — He was an officer in the Garde Imperiale, 
and, through the influence of Espard-N^repelisse, 
became, in 1828, a major in the First Regiment of 
cuirassiers of the Garde Royale. Charles X. made 
him a baron. Jeanrenaud then married Mongenod's 
niece. His lovely villa on the Lake of Geneva is 
mentioned in Albert Savarus's Ambitious Through 
LoDe, published in the reign of Louis-Philippe. — The 
Interdiction. — Albert Savarus. 

Jenny, lady's-maid and confidant of Aquilina de 
la Garde under the Restoration; afterward, but for 
a very short time, Castanier's mistress. — Melmoth 

J^r^mie, servant in the employ of Marie de Ver- 
neuil at Foug^res, in 1799. — The Chouans. 

• Now Rat de Piothlivre. 

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J^rdme (Pfere), dealer In old books on Pont 
Notre-Dame, Paris, in 1821, at the time of Lucien 
Chardon de Rubempre's novitiate In the capital. — 
Lost Illusions. 

J6r6me, valet de chambre to Galard, and subse- 
quently to Albert Savarus, at Besancon. He served 
the Parisian lawyer somewhat less faithfully, per- 
haps, because of Mariette, a servant at the Watte- 
villes', to whose savings he was paying his court. — 
Albert Savarus. 

Johnson (Samuel), name assumed by Peyrade, 
the police agent, disguised as a " nabob," when he 
kept Madame Theodore Gaillard in niggardly fashion, 
and hired Contenson as a mulatto servant, in order 
to assist Baron de Nucingen against Jacques Collin. 
— Splendors and Miseries of Courtesans. 

Jolivard, clerk at the registration office on Rue 
de Normandie, Paris, late in the reign of Louis- 
Philippe. — He occupied the first floor of the house 
of which C.-J. Pillerault was the owner, the Cibots 
concierges, the Chapelots, Schmucke, and Pons 
tenants. — Cousin Pons. 

Jonathas, valet de chambre to Monsieur de Val- 
entin the elder, Raphael de Valentin's foster-father, 
and afterward his steward, when he had become 
several times a millionaire; served him faithfully 
and survived him. — The Magic Skin. 

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Jordy (De) had been a captain in the Royal- 
Su6dois» and professor at the Ecole Militaire, in 
turn. — He had a fine mind and a noble heart; he 
was the type of a poor gentleman, uncomplaining in 
his poverty. His heart was evidently oppressed 
by secret sorrows. Certain indications seemed to 
point to his having had children, to whom he had 
been passionately attached, and whom he had lost. 
Monsieur de Jordy lived modestly in retirement at 
Nemours. Similarity in character and intellectual 
tastes attracted him toward Denis Minoret, whose 
intimate friend he became, and at whose house he 
became fond of the doctor's young ward, — ^Madame 
Savinien de Portendufere; — he formed her mind 
with remarkable success, and left her fourteen 
hundred francs a year when he died, in 1823. — 
Ursule Mirouit. 

Joseph, with Charles and Francois, were com- 
prised in the domestic staif of Montcornet at Aigues 
in 1823. — The Peasants. 

Joseph, in the service of Pauline Gaudin, at 
Paris, after she had become wealthy. — The Magic 

Joseph, old valet in the Comte de Fontaine's 
service about 182$. — The Dance at Sceaux. 

Joseph, faithful servant of Eug&ne de Rastignac, 
under the Restoration. — In 1828, he carried to the 

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Marquise de Listom^re a letter written by his mas- 
ter to Madame de Nucingen: this error, for which 
Joseph could not fairly be held responsible, aroused 
the marchioness's indignation, when she learned 
that the letter was intended for another. — The 
Magic Skin. — A Study of Woman. 

Joseph, in the service of Ferdinand du Tillet, in 
the Chaussee d'Antin, when that financier was 
fairly launched in society and received C6sar Birot- 
teau with great pomp. — C^sar Bkotteau. 

Joseph, baptismal name of a worthy chinrmey- 
builder on Rue Saint-Lazare, Paris, toward the close 
of Louis-Philippe's reign. An Italian by birth, 
married, paterfamilias, saved from ruin by Ade- 
Ime Hulot acting in behalf of Madame de la Chan- 
terie; being acquainted with -the public saivener 
Vyder, he took Madame Hulot to see him, and 
she recognized in him her lost husband. — Cousin 

Josipha. — See Mirah (Josepha). 

Josiphin, old valet in the service of Victurnien 
d'Esgrignon; "a sort of Chesnel in livery." — The 
Cabinet of Antiquities. 

Josephine, lady's-maid to Madame Jules Des- 
marets, on Rue Menars, in 1820. — History of the 
Thirteen: Ferragus. 

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Josephine, servant to the Thuilliers in 1840.— 
ITu Petty Bourgeois. 

Josette, cook in the family of Balthazar Claes at 
Douai; deeply attached to Madame Claes and to 
Mademoiselles Marguerite and F^licie. — She died 
toward the close of the Restoration. — The Quest of 
the Absolute. 

Josette, old housekeeper for Mattre Mathias at 
Bordeaux, under the Restoration; she accompanied 
her master when he went to see Paul de Manerville 
off for India. — The Marriage Contract. 

Josette, in 1816, and probably before, lady's- 
maid to Victoire-Rose Cormon, of Alencon. — She 
married Jacquelin when their mistress became Ma- 
dame du Bousquier. — The Old Maid. 

Josette, lady's-maid to Diane de Maufrigneuse 
in May, 1830. — The Last Incarnation of ^autrin. 

Judici (Atala), born about 1829, of Lombard 
descent, had a grandfather, on her father's side, 
who was a prosperous master chimney-builder in 
Paris, and Joseph's employer; he died in 1819. — 
Mademoiselle Judici did not inherit the old man's 
fortune, which was squandered by her father; and, 
in 1844, she was sold, so it was said, by her mother, 
to Hector Hulot, for fifteen thousand francs. She 
thereupon left her family, who lived on Rue de 

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Charonne, and lived maritally with her protector, 
who had become a public scrivener, on Passage du 
Soleil — now Galerie de Cherbourg. Pretty Atala 
was obliged to leave Hulot when Adeline discovered 
him. Madame Hulot promised to provide her with 
a dowry and to marry her to Joseph's eldest son. 
Mademoiselle Judici was sometimes called Judix, a 
corruption of the Italian name. — Cousin Bette. 

Judith. — See Madame Genestas. 

Julia, lady's-maid to the celebrated singer, Clar- 
ina Tinti, at Venice, in 1820. — MassimiUa Dani. 

Julien, one of the turnkeys at the Conciergerie 
in 1830, at the time of the trial of Herrera — Collin — 
and Rubempre. — The Last Incarnation of yautrin. 

Julien, footman in the service of Antoinette de 
Langeais in 1818-1819. — History of the Thirteen: La 
Duchesse de Langeais. 

Julien, probably a native of Champagne, was in 
1839, being then a young man, in the service of 
Antonin Goulard, sub-prefect in the town of Arcis 
and the arrondissement of Arcis-sur-Aube. — He 
learned through Anicette, and disclosed to the Beau- 
visage and Mollot families, the legitimist intrigues of 
the Chateau de Cinq-Cygne, where Georges de 
Maufrigneuse, Daniel d'Arthez, Mesdames Laurence 
de Cinq-Cygne, Diane de Cadignan, and Berthe 

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de Maufrigneuse were then residing. — The Deputy 
from Arcis. 

Juliette, old cook in the service of Justin and 
Olympe Michaud, in Bourgogne, in 1823. — The 

JuUiard, head. of the " house of JuJliard/' Paris, 
in 1806. — He sold silk in hanks at the A^r OiinaiSt on 
Rue Saint-Denis, where Sylvie Rogron was employed 
as second saleswoman. Twenty years later, he met 
her again in their native town; Provins, to which he 
returned, after returning from trade in 181$, with a 
wife and children, and lived there with the Gufenfees 
and Gu6pins, forming three great races. — Pierrette. 

Julliard, eldest son of the preceding^ married a 
rich farmer's only daughter, and fell in love, pla- 
tonically, with Melanie Tiphaine, the loveliest 
woman in the official colony at Provius, during the 
Restoration. Julliard dabbled in business and in 
literature: he was proprietor of a line of diligences 
and of a newspaper called La Ruche, wherein he 
offered incense to Madame Tiphaine. — Pierrette. 

Jussieu (Julien), young conscript in the* great 
draft of 1793. — Sent with a ticket for lodgings to Ma- 
dame de Dey, at Carentan, of whose sudden, death 
he was innocently the cause, as she was expecting 
that very day the return of a son, a royalist hunted 
by the republican authorities. — Tfie Coftscript. 

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Juste, born in 181 1, studied medicine at Paris, 
and when tie had completed his studies went to Asia 
to practise. — In 1836, he lodged on Rue Corneille, 
and, with Charles Rabourdin, assisted Z^phirin 
Marcas, who was desperately poor, — Z. Marcos. 

Justin, an old and shrewd valet in the service of 
the Vidame de Pamiers, was killed secretly, in 1820, 
at the command of Bourignard, because he had 
succeeded in discovering the real but carefully con- 
cealed name of Madame Jules Desmarets's father. — 
History of the Thirteen: Ferragus. 

Justine, lady's-maid to the Comtesse Foedora, 
when that lady received Raphael de Valentin. — The 
Magic Shin. 

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