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Full text of "Hortus Woburnensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of Upwards of Six Thousand Ornamental Plants ..."

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fe-^^^ 









"Tonctxa aousjhs. greeiv houaes ^c. 



rt^ 



Bt.IAJIES I"01tBES.A.I..S.C.Sl.ir..S..Vc. ' ^ 






TO 

HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF BEDFORD, K.G. F.L.S. 

4rc. Sfc. Sfc. 

My Lord Duke, 

To no individual could the following 
pages be inscribed with so perfect a propriety, as to one who 
takes so great a pleasure in encouraging the efforts of science in 
general, and in patronizing in particular those discoveries in 
Botany and improvements in Horticulture, which have engaged 
so large a portion of your Grace's personal attention ; and this 
persuasion is much increased, by the consideration, that no one 
can, at the same time, feel a greater interest in the introduction 
of new and valuable plants to his collections, than the Duke of 
Bedford. 

I beg, therefore, with all humility and respect, to dedicate the 
** Hortus Wobumensis" to your Grace ; and, at the same time, 
to return my grateful acknowledgments for the access kindly 
granted me to the numerous splendid Botanical Works in the 
Libraries at Wobum Abbey, which have been of infinite assist- 
ance to me in identifying many of the Plants enumerated in the 
following Catalogue. 

I have the honour to be. 

My Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's 
Most Obliged, and very Obedient Servant, 

JAMES FORBES. 

Wobwm Abbey Garden*^ 

Jvly, 1833. 

a 



PREFACE. 



After the numerous and important Works that have already 
appeared on the Physiology of the Vegetable Sangdom, from so 
many eminent and scientific writers, whose elaborate descriptions, 
accurate delineations of the Plants cultivated in our British Gar- 
dens, and mass of general information on the various branches of 
Horticulture, which are so justly appreciated, it might appear 
presumptuous in one, who has been much more accustomed to 
the pruning knife than the pen, to attempt a compilation on the 
same subjects. But every practical observer, however humble, 
may have it in his power to communicate some new or valuable 
information, unattained by others ; and, hence, my Essay will 
not want an excuse in the minds of the candid and intelligent. 

I am, indeed, fully conscious of my own inability, and the 
difficulty of communicating the minutiae of the various operations 
and treatments necessary for bringing to perfection the numerous 
productions of the Garden, and have, therefore, to claim the in- 
dulgence of the Public, whilst attempting to detail, in the sue* 
ceeding pages, the course of culture which I have practically 
found the most suitable for the growth of the different subjects 
enumerated in the following Work. 

a 2 



PREFACE. 



I was first prompted to the undertaking by tlie i 
that I have frequently experience'] in the aomenclature of our 
Plants, as arranged to the various Catalogues, the Authors of 
which have generally left their names unaccompauied with any 
discriminative remarks relative to their most essential generic and 
wpecific characters, which might enable us, iu some degree, to 
ascertain their identity. Much merit is undoubtedly due to the 
late Mr. DouD, for hia exceileiit arrangement of the Plants in the 
" Bortut Canfabrigiensu," wliich contains much useful informa- 
tion in a small compass, and has established a basis for the 
nomenclature that is most practicable for general utility. Id 
" Sweet't HoTtuM Britanmcug" we have an extensive coUecdoD 
of Plants, arranged with the colour of flower of each species, 
and references to the Botanical Works in which they are tigured 
or described, ilkc, which tend considerably to enhance its value. 
We have, again, in " Zoudon's Ilorhts Britannicus," much valu- 
able information conveyed to vs within a limited space; much of 
which is, by ingenious signs, adapted by that indefatigable Au- 
thor for indication of the different habits of the Plants. But 
the above-mentioned Catalogues are all deficient, in not giving 
thet/enmcand i^ct/fc characters, which are essential for discrimi- 
nating one plant from another. 



There are, unquestionably, many other elementary Works 
that contain numerous illustrations and details on the natural 
affinities of Plants; but these books are generally confined to 
the hands of the few, and scarcely within the reach of the opera- 
tive Gardener ; they are, moreover, chiefly confined to |>articular 
branches of the scieui'e ; and no individual work that has yet 
appeared, to my knowledge, combnies within itself, in my estima- 



\ 



PRF.FACE. 



tioa, the separate subjects of HorticultuTe and Botany, which 
now deservedly engage so much attention. It, therefore, ap- 
peared to me, that a work, comprising, in abbreviated terms, the 
gaieric and tpecific character of the moat interesting Plants for 
cultivation, and, at the same time, combining the most essential 
subjects of Horticulture, would not be unacceptable to the young 
Osnlener, and ^Amateur in gardening; as we may safely say, 
that no science has been more encouraged or improved, or has, 
consequently, made a more rapid progress to perfection, during 
the last half century, than those of Botany and Horticulture. In 
short, the taste for these pursuits is now happily pervading all 
ranks of society : for whilst we see, on the one hand, the Petn- 
and Peerest anxiously introducing into their Stoves and Green- 
houses the numerous new exotics, watching the progressive de- 
velopment of their beautiful Dowers and foliage, and directing 
the various iniprovemeuls of the garden, we may observe, on the 
other, the humble cottager, and the manufacturer, devoting iiis 
leisure hours to the cultivation of his flowers and vegetables. 



The first part of the Work contains a descriptive Catalogue, 
in abbreviated terms, of the generic and ipecific character of 
upwards of 6,000 plants, such as are best adapted for the 
Greenhouse, Plant Stove, or decoration of the Pleasure 
Ground, or such as appear the most interesting to the Bo- 
tanist and Amateur in the British Flower Garden ; the descrip- 
tions of which, although much compressed by being confined 
within a small compass, will render considerable assistance 
in the identifying of the numerous genera and tpeciei. These 
distinguishing peculiarities will, it is hoped, characterise the 
arrangement of Ihe Plants in this work, from those of any other 



Sir Oswald Mosley. Bart. M.P. 

Sir R. G. Russell, B%rt. M.P. 

Sir G. Staunton, Bart. M.P. 

Sir R. Frankland. Bart. M.P. 

Sir John Malcolm, Bart, (lari^re paper, coloured.) 

Sir W. Wake, Bart. Courtceti. Hall, (large paper, coloured.) 



Adam, W. G. Esq. 14, Berkeley Square, (3 copies, large paper.) 

Abercrombie, Mr. Gardener to Henry Seymour, Esq. tVobum. 

Anderson, Mr. W. Royal Gai-deiu, Kew. 

Arnold, Mr. Erneste, Dresden. 

Aspin, J. Esq. Netoinglon Green. 

Atkins, Mr. Nurseryman, Northampton, (2 copies, large paper.) 



Baird, Rev. J. Cranjield. 

Banks, Mr. P. Wobuni Abbey Gardent. 

Banow, Mr. Hot Waler Pipe Manufacturer, &c. Eatt Street, 

Manckeiler Square, London. 
Barrow, Mr. Gardener to the Right Honourable the Earl of 

Harrinirfon. 
Barwell, Mr. Eai/le Foundry, A^orMamTiion, (large paper,CDloured.) 
Baxter, Mr. J. Lewet. 
Bnyley, E. C. Esq. 
. Belshes, John Murray, Esq. iHuermay, (large paper, coloured.) 
Berkeley, C. P. Esq. Cotterstock Hall, (large paper, coloured.) 
Bevos, Mr. George, rS^on Gardens. 
Bow, Mr. William, Manchester. 
Boylan, Mr. M. Gardener to the Earl of Kenmore, KUlarney, 

Ireland. 
Bright, John, Esq. Brixton Hill. 
Brooks, Thomas, Esq. Flilwiek, (2 copies.) 
Brodie, Mr. Gardener tu His Grace the Archbishop of York. 
Brown, Mr. Gardener to His Grace the Duke of Buckingham, 

I, Rev. T. Delves, Bletchley Rectory, Fenny Stratford. 
r. J. Gardener to R. Roe, Esq. Sani Souci. 



i 



Ik 
I 



Burn, Mr. Gardener to the Most Noble the Marrjuesa of Ailej- 
bury, (large paper, coloureil.) 

Cttie, Mr. J. Wolmm Abbey Gardens. 

Cbantrey, John, Esq. Chelsea, (large paper, culoured.) 

Cbarlwood, Mr. Seedsman, Coveut Garden. 

Coke, T. ff. Esq, M.P. Bolkham, (large paper, coloured.) 

Cooke, Hamilton, Esq, Carr House, Doncasler, (large paper, 

coloured.) 
Crocker. Mr. Wobttrn. 
CuUis, Mr. Nurseryman, &c. Leaminglon Spa, (3 copies, 1 large 

paper, coloured, I large paper, and I demy.) 
Cuthilt, Mr. Gardener. 

Daniells, Thomas, Esq. BerkAampstead. 

DM, Mr. Gardener to the Right Hon. Earl of Hardwicke. 

Wimpole House. 
Darby, Francis, Esq. Colcbrook Dale, 
Davies, Mr. £. Dultoick Hill. 

Dickson, Mr. Gardener to Alexander Stenart, Esq. 
Dickson and Turnbull, Messrs. Nurserymen, Perth. 
Dillon, J. D. Esq. Water End, Dursley, (large paper, coloured.) 
Dixon, Mr. Seedsman, Hull. 
Dodds, Mr. J. 

Duncombe, P. P. Dunconibc, Esq. Brickkill Manor. 
Duncan, Mr. Gardener to W. Wkitbread, Esq. M.P. 

Edmunds, Mrs. Torringlon Sqturre.. 
Edwards, Mr. John, Oxford, (large paper.) 
Emerson, A. L. M.D. Parliament Street. 
Emery, Mrs. St. ^eols. 
Evans, Mr. Richard, Sivansea. 



Fielding, H, B. Esq. Shodday Lodge, Lancaster, (large paper, 

coloured.) 
Fletcher, Rev. Charles, Sonthwell. 
Forrester, Mr. Gardener to His Grace the Duke of Bedford, 

Endikigh. 

b 



Forrest, Mr. Gardener to His Orace the Duke of Northumber- 
land. 
Forty John, Esq. Read Hall, LumcaMre, (large paper, coloured.) 
Foy, Mr. at Mr. Zee** Nursery. 
Francis, Mr. Nurseryman, Hertford. 
Fraser, James, Esq. Landscape Grardener, &c. Irekmd. 

Oibbs, Messrs. Seedsmen, Piccadilly. 

Gordon, W. Esq. 

Grant, John, Esq. heighten Buzzard. 

Grant, Mr. Gkurdener to Charles Pnlland, Esq. Bray Head, 

Ireland. 
Greaves, John, Esq. Bradford, near Warusick. 

Harcourt, G. V. Esq. M.P. Nunekam Courtney. 

Harding, G. P. Esq. Lambeth. 

Harrison, R. Esq. Wolverton House, (large paper, coloured.) 

Hajrter, George, Esq. 9, Stratford Place. 

Hewlett, Mr. T. B. Northampton, (large paper.) 

Hickling, Mr. J. Northampton. 

Hooker, Dr. Professor of Botany, Olasgow, (2 copies, 1 large 

paper.) 
Hosea, Mr. Gardener to General Lord Lynedoch. 
Humphrey, Mr. A. Gardener to Sir John NichoU. 
Hungerford, H. H* Esq. Dingley Park, (large paper, coloured.) 

Inglis, Miss Louisa, Milton Bryant. 

Ireland, Mr. Forester to His Grace the Duke of Bedford. 

Jephson, H. M.D. Leamington, (large paper, coloured.) 
Johnston, Mr. A. Gardener to the Right Honourable the Earl 
of Clancarty. 

Kennedy, T. F. Esq. M.P. 

Kerr, Mrs. Northampton, (large paper, coloured.) 



XI 



Lawson and Son, Messrs. Nurserymen , Edinburgh. 
Leigh, Chandos, Esq. Stonekigh Abbey, WarwUkskire, 
Lenigan, James, Esq. Coiiie Fogeriy, Tipperary, Ireland. 
Liodsey, Mr. Gardener to His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, 

(large paper, coloured.) 
Linnwood, J. Esq. Birmingkam. 
Loudon, Mr. Edwin, Syan Oarden$. 
Low, Mr. Nurserjrman, Ciaptan. 
Lucas, S. T. Esq. Baron Daum, Dehertan. 
Lucas, C. E. M.D. BtUfield. 

Mackay, J. T. Esq. Cottage Terrace, Dublin, (large paper, co- 
loured.) 

Mackay, Mr. Alexander, Wolmm Abbey Oardene. 

Mackie, Mrs. Nortnch Nureery. 

Malcolm, Mr. Nurseryman, Keneington. 

Mansfield, Rev. W. Milton Bryant. 

Matheson, Mr. J. Gardener, Hibernian School, Phoenix Park, 
Dublin. 

Mc Donald, Mr. John, Gardener to the Right Honourable Lord 
Carteret. 

Mc Gregor, Mr. J. Grardener to His Grace the Archbbhop of 
Tuam. 

Mc Lean, Mr. Forester to the Right Honourable Viscount 
Powerscourt 

MUler, Mr. R. Gardener to the Right Honourable the Earl of 
Shrewsbury, Alton Towers. 

Moffatt, Mr. Gardener to His Grace the Duke of Newcastle. 

Muirhead, Mr. Gardener, Invemunf. 

Niven, Mr. Gardener to the Chief Secretary, Phoenix Park, 

Dublin. 
Noes, Mr. Gardener to F. Pym, Esq. 

Orman, R. H. Esq. Ipewich, (large paper, coloured.) 
Osbom, George, Esq. Northampton, (large paper, coloured.) 

b2 



Paul, Mr. Nurst^rymaii, C/ieEAunJ, (-2 copies, large [in |ier.) 

Pease, Uaonah, Darlington. 

Peorose, Cliatles, Esq. M.R.C.S. Brickldll. 

Perrott, T. Esq. Sandfortl Park, Enstone. 

Phillips, Mr. James, Syon Gardetu, 

Phillips, Mr. Garclcner to R. Trevur, Esij. TingHth Hotiite. 

Pigott, J. H. Smyth, Estj. 

Praed, Mrs. Tyringham House. 

PuUcD, Mr. Henry, Sgon Gardens. 

Pullock, Matthew, Esq. Oatiands, near Dublin. 

Radclifie Library, Oxford. 

Kamsay, Mr. John, Dropmore Gardens. 

Reddall, R. A. Esq. Wotium. 

Ripon, John, Esq. (large paper, coloured.) 

Kobson, Mr. Gardener to His Excellency the Lord Lieu teu ant of 

Ireland. 
Roiis, Mr. Gardener to the Right Honourable Viscount Powers- 
Ross, Mr. Gardener, Dunkeld House, (2 copies.) 
RotUerham, Mr. Coventrif. 

'Russell, John, Esq. M.P. Upton, (2 copies, 1 large paper, co- 
loured.) 
Russell, Mr. M. College Botanic Garden, Dublin. 



•^ 



Sanders, Mr. James, Gardener to His Grace the Duke of Bed- 
ford, Campden Hilt. 
Seymour, Henry, Esq. Wolrvrn, 
Smith, Mr. D. Botanic Garden, Hull. 

Smyth, W. F. Esq. Little Houghton, (lar^^e paper, coloured.) 
Sowerby, Mr, Robert, Hachnet* Gardent, (2 copies.) 
Stracban, J. M. Esq. 



Tagg, Mr. Nurseryman, Oxford. 
Taylor, Mr. John, Sgou Gardcm. 
Taylor, Mr.Gardenei: to the Most NoUethe Marqui 



ock. 

J 



^ 



TempletoD, Mr. James, Si/on Gardeas. 

Thane, W. Es<|. RuhkU Place. 

Thoinpsoo, Mr. J. Colosteum. 

TilliDg, Mr. CheUea, (large pa^Mr. coloured.) 

Trevor, R. Esq. Tingritk Btmte, (large pa|>er, coloured,) 

Turner, W. Esq. Reigate. 

Vivian, Rev. C. Pailey, Wellingborough, (large paper, coloured.) 

Way, Albert, Esq. 

Weddell, Mr. 14, Prorpect Row, Walutorlh. 

Weeks, Mr. Hothouse Builder, &o. Chei$ea. 

■Wetherftll, Mrs. Nemtm Ltmgueoitle. 

Whitbread, W. H. Esq. M.P. (lurge paper, coloured.) 

"Whilbread, Mrs. Sovthitl, (large paper, coloured.) 

Whittaker, Mr. 

Wiffen, J. H. Esq. M.R.S.L. Froxjitld. 

Wilkie. Mr. W. Under Ranger, &c. Pkteniz Park, Dublin. 



Young, Mr. W. Carder 
Enniskillen. 



r to the Right Honourable the Earl of 



Subtrribers Sau 



Eilicombe, Rev. H. F. Bitton Vicarage. 

Gillies. Mr. John, DiopmoTe Gardent. 

Mc Farlaiie, Mr. John, Dr-ipmore Gardeiu, 

Melville. Mr. Gardener to Lord Wrlolhesley Russell. 

Millikens, Messrs. Dublin. 

Webb, John, Esq. Barton under Seedwood. 

WUIiams, Francis, Esq. Medina Place, Briiton Hill. 



BOORS 



LIBKARIES OF WOBURN ABBEY. 

Coniutted, or rtftTTtd to tbrmcghout the Work. 



A.F.B. Abbot's Flora BedrordiemU. 

A.H. Aodrem* Healhs. 
AJl-B. BoUnist's Beparitory. 

B.C. Loddigei's Botanical Cabinet. 

Bt.F. Britiafa Flam, by Dr. Hooker, 1st and 2ad Editiona. 
3.P.O. Swcefs British Flower Garden, IbI and 2nd Serie*. 
B.M. Cunls'a Botanical Magazbe. 

Brooksbaw'* Pomona Britanniea, or Fmit Repwitory. 
BJ*. Brown's Prodronms Flora Nov« HoHandlBe. 

Bryant's Flora DiieteCicii, or History of Escalent Plant). 
Botany of Captain Bccchey's Voyage, by Dr. Hooker, and G. W. 
AniDIt, Esq. 
B.R. Botanical Register, by Dr. Lindley. 



r the PhUofiopby of Agrieultaro and Gar- 



Damin's Pbytologia, o 

denlng. 

Description Botaojqoe, Do Cliinuitbodendron. 
DC. DecandoUe ; Astrngalogia. 

ProdromDs Systematis Natnralii Regni Vegetabilis. 

E.B. Smith's English Botany. 
Ex.B. Eiotic Botany, by Sir J. E. Smith. 
E.FI. Englislk Flora, by Sit James Smitk. 

F.D. Flora Danica. 

F.G, Flora Grvca. 

F.I. Flora Indiea. 

F.P. Flora Pcnuiaoo. 



J 





'm . .V, . ^^^^T^^l 




XVI 




Flora LoiidiDeiuLi, or PlanU growtng id the EDtiroDi of LoDdon. 




riore lies AodUe*, pat Tossac. 




Flore Portugaise, par Hofmiuuegg. 


^^M 




^^H 


Ftora Scotica, by Dr. Hwker. 


^^M 


Flow Boreali Atoetiona, by Professor Hooker. 


^^M 


ExoUc Fkra, by Prcfcwor Hooker. 


^H 


Hooker Bod GwviUe'i Iconc* Filicam. 


^H 




^H 


Hortu) GramiDeiu Woliurpeoii*. 


^^H 


Hortus KcwenuB. 






^H 


HorlicultnnU TransactloM. 1 


^H 


Hooker's Miscellaoj. 




Heri tier's Plants. 




Hamboldt; MonograpUc de Mclastooies. i 








el Bonpland ; Novi Genera et Specie* Pltularom, 


' 


^^^^^ 










PlDutarum Rarionim Horti Cssarii ScboeDbruneiiaii. 






^H 


StapeliK. 




Knapp't British Grasses. 




Rxmpfer ; Icooei selects Pltmtaruin quas in Japonia collcgii. 


^K 


, Lambert's Description of the GcDiuPinas. 






^^1 








^^1 






London's Encyclopiedia of PlanU. , 




Hortus Britannicui. 


^^H 






Miller's Garaeaers- and Botanists' Dictionary. 








Scmal System of Linnaeus. 


^^M 


1 



XVII 
FI.R. Nodder and Martyn's Flora Rosdca. 

Per. Penoon's Synopais. 

Plantes de La France, par Sainte-HQaire. 

Pbntes usoeUes iDdigenes ou Exodqaes, par Rocquer. 

Pomona Austriaca. 
Pfa. Pnrsh's Flora Americs^ 

Redoot^ ; Les LUiacees. 

La Botanlqae de J. J. Ronateao. 

et Decanddle ; Plantes Grasses. 

Roes' Cyclopedia. 

Rafi Historia Phntamm. 
Rox. Roalmrgli, Plants of the Coast of CoromandeL 
R.S. Roscoe's Sdtaminee. 

S.W. SaUctom Wobomense. 
Sw.C. Sweet's Cistlnese. 

S.F.A. Flora Australasica. 

S.G. Gerantacec. 

Hortns Britanmcns. 

Thornton's Illostration of the Sexual System of Li 

V.Ch. Ventenat; Choix de Pfamtes. 

Wall. Wallich ; Phmtes Rariorse Asiatiop. 
Waldstein's Hongarian Plants. 
WoodviDe's Medical Botany. 
W. Wmdenow ; Hortns Berolinensis. 

W.en. y Ennmeratio Plantarmn Horti Bot Berolinensis. 

Wend. Wendland's Ericamm Icones et deseriptiones. 




GLOSSARY 



''abbreviated Trrms, vted in the Generic and Specific Daeripliotu of the PlanU 
throughout tke Work. 



Hard; AaDtial, tliBt Kqoitei to be lown 


O.fl. 


\ 


mrl; in the open ground. 






BndT BieDDiil, Plants whose daradon li 
•ddoin more tlian two yean. 




Winter. 


O.B. 


GTeenhoote Biennial. 




G.». 


Green houie Percnidal. 


die doTO in Winter, but puifaea anew iu 


O.S. 


Greenhouse Shrub. 


Ha£y"lbn.b, or .msU Tree. 


G.e. 




s.g. 


Stove Annual Plants, which require to b* 






kept iD a Stove or Hulliouse in Wintur. 


hd^t. 


S.B. 


Stove BieuDial. 


Frame Annua], that which requiren to be 
kept in a Frame, or covered with a 


s.p. 


Stove Perennial. 


s.i. 


Stove Sbrab. 


ma\ in Wiuler. 


s.e. 


Stove Tree. 


Pnme BiennlaU 


D.S.S. 


Dry Stove Shrub, Annual, Biennial, &c 


Frame Pmniiial. 




plants that require hut little water. 


PnmeSimib. 


D.O.* 


Dry Greenhouse Shrob. 


fmnc Tree, that require* to be coiered 


C.B.8. 


Cape of Good Hope. 


..„ 


N.S.W 


New South Wales. 



H^n bh 



of Ike Alfbrevialiotu tued in Ike line of Itaiict for the Cohur 
of the Flower. 



blue, 
black. 



red. 

^ited. 

yellow. 



f. pwo. 



» 


GLOSSARY. 




4*wt. 


■bMtliHi, aboftlvo, «r bvna. 


6riri. 


biuUei, or itroDi bairt. 


«i. 




MA. 


biilbiferou^, or bolb-beariiw. 




....< ..Itr. u> li*<Hllc-*l»l>Ml. 


Codac. 


ca<luc<>D»,^nftlUnroff. 


HitHUHl'- 


.i.tKm'tlurui, vt H>iiiiilar->hapril. 




carious, or f[rej-. 


'«.«!. 


«nlwil«,uti'rie'ilj- 


artp. 




UINM. 


mmulMilP, ur l«|<rr-|Hijiiinl, 


taU. 


calcarato, or spnrrcd. 


«'«t. •>*« 




cd^eif. 


calcciform, or »hoe-ibaped. 


MHl. 


IWUl*. 


«/. 


c^a^'l, or Sower cup. 


HdN. 


luliHilv, or adhftriiiR lo any thing. 


~'yp- 


calyptra, or covsrint 


•hInI. 


i»tull.MAiU|ru«». 


ernap. 


KNIItfiN. 


w(UfliMnu,h«*lnR a colour Ilk f tenlgrig. 


omit. 




«a«(*<H. 


NWlluuHUiilvd. ur erondiNl tnpciher. 




eariMEent, hcHr^.or nhilUb. 


X" 


HHIliiKlMh', (.c llMped togellipr. 


MpiU. 


capilUry, or very lender. 


HllVIIMta. 


eep. 


capitate, or }iead«i. 


«Ji«.f. 




capi. 


capsule, or spod veisel. 


MHHNl. 




^U. 


capilulls, orsiimll heads. 


X. 


HUililrklcNnl, or 4li>in-daiplli);' 
AiiuiAn ••>,«■ on ll>«Mi»(^plaiiI>. 


Mrta. 


carinate, or keel-shaped. 




camoie, or tlerty. 




enrp. 


carpQIa, or the imaU parti of a « 


II1UIM' 


lUiiulaf , or .nglixl. 
*lilwlNli..u, or riTdM. 




pound fniit. 


mH^JmI. 


Mrt. 


ortilagiMoi, or giWIy. 


MOlAlll^- 


•ul III rll'o milt, or tiMriDB •nllieii. 


CQlk. 


catkin. 


•Vfl. 


KiiKMIinit, lit wllhmit iiemt*. 


cud. 


caudate, or taUed. 




Hi noimnilt. 


cttuUt. 




Zi.u. 


■|>lt»il»lK, iir liavlDK allnic poiiil. 


etU. 


cellular, OT of call*. 


•>h"- 










Mlwilliliw. 


cil. 


ciliated, or of baini. 


l|l^fllW4. 




eiacr. 


I'incrrotii, erev, or a>h-coIaured. 


»f,M, 


Hjiltifiiut, Qf wllhoul wlojit. 


etrna. 


rircinatelv'or curM. 


Hlltl- 


■uUHll", or fruwiiiR In valcr. 
mlHiiaii*, iir alroi-. 


«rr». 


rirrtiilcroiis, or bearing tendril*. 


,i'h,. 


eUm. 


riaiiimy, or riacid. 


',fU>„. 


MlliuitM'VMl.urthnililiy. 


etae. 


clHv^te, or club-*bap»l. 




•KiiaU, orearrMl. 


cck. 


LUhpriiii;, or coiini'tleJ. 


mill. 


arillQu.. 


coliai. 


columnar, like colmnu. 


.,,1,1. 


HrUlMle, or bearded. 




comoae. 


•II fit.. 


Nnleulalc, or Jointed. 


COMp. 


complicate, or folded togetber. 


•>*>(*' 


M^MidlnM. 


t<mpl. 




MhJ(. 


wdicniusoradi). 


M»pa. 




'IMWI- 


MMurfitDl, or aMendlng upward*. 


«napr. 


coiiiprpMed, or presseii to^ctber. 


i41t«. 


iai«imal.-d. 




c*im-avr, or liollow. 




■•irli^iiliiiMl, or cared. 






<i4ik 


NKllUry. 


».»'. 


conifiil, or con«-sliaped. 






e«U. 


iDiijiitute, or unilcd in pain. 


te. 


(.«!.. Ir, iir berriwt. 




vuiiiiHlc, or juined W([elber at the b« 


iHm„lJ. 


rnuf. 


c™M>iclcd,otcoi,lracled. 


liuriif. 


boHldlrn, 






(m 


iMOIMlh. 




coDvei. 


(il'HV 


Mofitiildal*, or with two pointi. 




coi>w,l»lc, ur Tiill.'.! together. 


ik^M 


l>l4«Hlrd, i>r double-toatlied. 


card. 






UrMtiiiH, <«■ t*o.rowi-d. 


«ri«. 






MM, «r i»o.(-kn. 


«r. 


coroUa. 


(yii«. 


MMLKdiiUr, or d«iU<' NlBiidcd. 
MUlilal>-. or with (wo llp>. 


fara. 


comnle, or bonted. 




torn. 




tlH 


M,.»lt..; 1 '<. 




™rriipal«l,ur«rillklrd. 


ill*. 


MoiKiil, or I»»-»i'rvi'<l. 


nrlu. 


cortical, or liark. 


*W( 


MpadllK, or l«i>-|iHrtril, 


ttry. 




ilfll»» 






cints, or rib*. 


((J.l<*Ml|/ 


CMl. 


cosrale or ribbed. 


ilU^ 


Ifkaaralr, Iwo runicliri or lw|;i. 
IrtMiiUlc, orlitnabucklvn. 


«()f. 


cotyledons, or teed leavci. 


l|»lll 


CT-W. 


crenaie, or notched. 


iifH*. 


Mlxiuatr, or Iwlce divided In tbree. 


ert». 


cil*ped, or culled. 


tiiHh- 


M*alvwl,arlwa-VHltPil. 


erutif. 


cruciform, or like a era**. 


ilhl- 


MUlfred, or with blliten on the Mtr- 


era*!. 






fU'A. 


OK. 


cucnlltte, or hooded. 


Inlili. 


Liwlilale, or havlDR arm* or nnall 


caJ. 


calm, or Item of grata. 




hraiirhri. 


rail. 




'•"•''■ 


hiHlrHlf, lurnUhcil wllh imaU Icavci 
M liiM-lea-. 


*a^ 


cniHalc, or wed».*baped. 
cuspidate, or panted Qke a apar. 



i 


GLOSSAUV. 


ui 




cyBtbiforai, or cun-iluped. 
cylindrical, or cyllnder-iliaped. 


Mt- 


fa.tigkle. 


c,l. 


M. 


fayose, or pitted. 


^r^. 




Mill. 


feathery. 


tym- 


cymow, or Howcring In cymei. 










fit- 


filament!, or Mameat. 




decidooiu, or fallioK olf- 


fbr. 


tibroiia, or of tibrea. 
i<lirorni,tbr<>ad-.haped. 
fimbriate, or fringed, 
fiitnioui, or hullsw. 


</n«Hi.' 


decorticated, or .tripped of the bark. 


ft"'- 

■2"- 

r- 

/rt»ff. 
/r*a. 


nabelliform. ^^^ 
flaccid, or feeble. ^^^H 
or ^^^H 


dtn^t. 


decuaute, or to crou eacti other. 


fiowe^' ^^^1 
tbilicle, or a kind ofaeed vesiel. 


d<ft. 
dthi^ 
Ml. 
dm. 


dcHexed, or tamed downwardu, 
dehiweot, or gaping, 
deltdd, or tliree-sided. 
dentate, or lootlied. 


drwlL: 




fornicate, or ar«hed. 


dnlif. 
drp^. 




fringed. 

frond, leavei of fema or palms. 


drpr. 


deprnwd, or preMnnu do« n«ard!. 


fr«cl. 




atnet. 


dicbolomous, or forked. 
dicoecooa, or having two nuts. 


ft- 


fmtesceot, or shrubby, 
fulvooa, or tawny. 

furcate, or forked. 4 
fiucou«,UTdark hrowo. 
tWiform, or apin<lle-riui]>ea. 




didymoui, or iwn united. 
dldj-namMiu, iir two loog and tun short. 

diffuH'd,or<caltered. 
digitate, or fingered. 


'"O. 


di«ynouii,oroflwo«ylt«. 






iimd. 




Cal. 


galeatc, or helmet -almped. 
geminate, or in two's. 


*.<. 


dincioui, plant, with female riowpr. oi> 






one plant, and male on aiiollier, 
diKOiri, or tubular Hortlt. 


germ. 


germen. 


rfut.. 


gil'b. 


gibbous, or iwelliDK- 


rfuwp. 




%l^b. 


glabrous, or smoalb. 




.eieU. 


glud. 


gladlHle, shaped like a straight sword. 


dul. 


diiticluHii>, or two-rowed. 


ii^n. 


glandular, or having glanda. 


i/inir. 




glav. 


glaucous, or bluelih hoary -coloured. 


Mtc. 


dodpcardrou., or limiug I2Mrtiiicii>. 


glob. 


globose, or globular. 


Mtbr. 


dolahriform, or halcliel-.liBpcd, 


gU>m. 


glomerate, or heaped Ic^ellicr. 


<(«x 


4lonBl, growing on tlie bark. 


glum. 


glume, or Blumaceon. like E^ss... 


Jfi. 


drupe, or > kind of fmlt. 


glut. 


Blutinoua. 






gran. 


granular, or covered witli graius. 




elailic. 


By"- 


groved, or furrowed. 


Si 


elHptic. 

elongated, or lengthrned. 

emarpnale, or notclied at llif al.e^, 


f-ir. 


styles united in one body. 
try rose, or turned round. 


^' 


eniiform, or tKord-ehai>ed. 


n«.t. 


liBslale, or halbert-ahaped. 


»«. 


entire. 


hilm. 


helniet. 


TiJo-. 




htrlMC. 


herbaceous, or planti whose atems die 


^t.d. 






down to the ground annually- 


f,.J. 




htrm. 




f»iri/. 


equitaut, ur when tlic edgei of tlie 


htxa. 


l,exagoDi.l,orofOaides. 




lcBvno*erbp eacb otlier alternately. 


hriaml. 


hexsndrous, having 6 stamens. 




erect. 


hrx^ng. 


hexangidar, or li- angled. 


mid. 


eroded, or bitten. 


kfxap. 


hexapetulona, baving li petals. 


ffM. 


cro»c, or gnawed. 


hir>. 


luraute, or huiiy. 


ml. 


evolved, or unfolded. 


hi,p. 


hispid, rough, with atiff hairs. 




Fxserted, or |irojceling heyund any 


hour. 






thing. 


A«>d. 


hooded, or boUowed out. 


irw. 


exdccated, ordricd up. 


hu3. 


fruit. 

Iiybrid, ormuli'. 






hyb. 


FcU. 


felcale.orHcklc-ihaped. 


hypocr. 




/km. 


farinaceona, or llowcry. 


hSP-g. 


bypogynous, placed under the ovary. 

hvpophyiliui, or under the leaf. 


A«i*. 


faxricnlalc, or in tmrreL', or bundles. 


Ai/W 






^ 


M 



r 


GLOSSARY. 




n 


■ Mr. 


Imbricate, or tiled. 


Btclarif. 






ineu. 


incbed, or cnL 




nectary. 






incrauatetl. or thickening. 




nervose, or nerved. 






tncarved, or bendliiE inwards. 


neu'. 


neuter, neither mule nor femnli^. 




indrh. 


indehiacent. 


aodd. 


nodding, or drooping. 




indig. 


indiscDoas, native ofa couutrv. 


nodff. 


nodose, or joints. 




i.yj. 


infl".ed. 








.-«>«. 


inficKed, or curved inwarts. 








«>r. 


inflorescence, or mode of flowering. 


Obcar. 


obcordale, or iovcrseiy heart-abaped 




i^,nd. 


infandibnlirorm, or funnel-shaped. 


obi. 


oblong. 


i 


inltr. 


Interaodet, or space between the joints. 


abac. 


obovate, or inversely ovale. 




invene, or Inverted, 


obt. 


obtuse, or blunt. 


intol. 




occid. 


occidentalis, or western. 


i 




round the flower. 


ochr. 




^ 


wwl. 






octandrous, having B stamens. 


■^ 






oclogg. 


octocynous, having 8 styles- 


4 


Labell. 


labellum, or front lip or sefimenl of an 


offic. 


officinal. 




orchideoiis plant. 


oicag. 


oleaginous, or oily. 


\ 


latin. 




opp. 


oppodle. 


lac. 


lacinia;. or segnienU. 


operc. 


opercular, or having a Ud. 


1 


ioct. 


Ucte8cent,ormilky. 


orbK. 


orbicular, or ronndllh. 


M 


laenn. 


lacnnose, or covered with imall pits. 


-rif. 


orifice, or opening. 


« 


fcreir. 


levigated, or smooth. 




ovate, or egg-shaped. 




/a*. 


lamina. 








1<MC. 










lot. 


lateral, or inclined to one side. 


P«l. 


palate, or mouth of gaping flovter. 




(ax. 


Ioo»e.' 




paleaceoun, or chaffy. 




tel/!. 




palm. 






<«■ 


legume, or pod. 


pand. 


panduriform, or lid die -shaped. 




l<ml. 


lenticnla, or little lentil. 


paxi. 


panicle, oi loose spiked. 




lentif. 


lenlifonn. 


papil. 






Icpr. 


leprous, or spotted. 


papiU. 


papulose, or small Blouds.or like nipiJ 


e^ 


lis. 


lignlate,orstrap.d.aped. 


pap. 


pappus, or downy. 
patent, or spreading. 




Hi. 


linear, or wbeo both sidea are parallel. 


t>-t. 




ling. 


e- 


"f^tul. 
prct. 
pedatif. 


patulous, a little ipreading. 
pectinate, or comb-like, 
pedatifid, or cut into lobes. 


^ 


lanl. 


loculameDts, or partitions of the seed 


ptdic. 


pedidllate, or small footstalks. 






vessel. 


pcda. 


peduncle footstalks. 




hmtnt. 


lomentBceous. 


p*H. 


pellucid, shin'mg. 


1 


l»r. 




ptlt. 


feltate. 




he. 


lucid, or shinloe. 


ptnc. 


pencilled, or marked with lines. 




lio. 




^d. 


pendulous, or drooping. 






lurid. 


pc«lag. 


penlngonal, or having 5 angles. 




hr. 


Ijrate, or lyre -shaped. 


pent. 


pentBgynous, having 6 styles. 
penlandrous, having 5 stamens. 


1 


MXTg. 




ptnlap. 


pen tope taloua, having 5 petals. 




MCd. 


niedolla, or pith. 


prrea. 


perennial, of manv years dnralioo. 


( 


mtm 


melliferoui, or honey- bearing. 


per/. 


perfoliate, when the stem runs throDgk i 


mtmb. 


membranaceoDs. 




the leaf. 






micaceous, or glittering. 


perianth. 




midr. 


midrib, or vein that passes in the mid- 




the flower. 






dle of a leaf. 


ptrie. 


pericarp, or seed vessel. 


1 




mitriforra or forauid like a mitre. 


ptrigy- 


perigynous, inserted io the calyx. 


1 


momid. 




P". 


persistant, not lalling of. 


J 






fftalo. 


petaloid, like a petal. 


J 






pet. 


petals. 


J 


m*™ <((/■. 




ptiia. 


petioles, or footstalks. 


J 


monoroj. 


monocotyledons, orhnving 1 seed leaf. 


pi'if. 


pUiferous, or bearing hair*. 


1 




moncecious. 


pU. 


pilose, a little hairy. 


1 


niunop. 




pinna. 


segments ofa pinnated leaf. 


1 








1 






pinaalif. 




u 


m«Uif. 






tiie midrib. 




,„ultip. 




pi'if- 


pi,ifonn,orpe«.shaped. 




m^llipl. 




pill. 


pistillnm. 




"""■• 


muricaled,orcowredwitbshiirppohits. 


plic. 
plu. 


plicate, or plaited. 
plumose, or feathery. 




Sac. 


navicular, or t)Oat•^haped. 


pturil. 




J 




^^H 




■ 





GLOSSARY. 


^^^P 


polfan. 


polyaudroiu, having niniiy itiuiiciis. 


irto. 


iclosc, covered wlUi hrisdes. 


p"'ye?- 


poKgjnom, having many Myles. 




silirlc, or round pod, or poiicli. 


I>^VP- 




«;«,. 


siliquu, a long pod. 


p%*- 


polysperiua, having many seeds. 




sinuate, or bending in and oiiL 


pML 


pomnm, an apple. 


tmlk. 


smooth. 


fT. 


porea. 


IBbol. 


soboliferoos, or producing young planH. 




precocity, ripe sooner than «iuiil. 




the patches of fmclification on ihe back 


Pif.' 


proliferoM, or prolific. 




of the fronds of remft,&c. 


frtp. 




tpa. 


q,adLK,aspike. 


^^ 


pulicscent, or downy. 


>p.ilh. 


spathaceous, having a spatha. 


jnJri. 


polvinate, or cation-shaped. 


ipat. 




puiteli/'. 




.pAa«. 


.pliacelate, or witl.ered. 


P""f- 


panpent, or prickly. 


VW. 


splisrical, or round like a sphere. 


pii«<. 


paitutei, or pimple.i. 


«pt. 


spike. 


psn/- 


pyrifonn, or pear-shaped. 


>pi»if. 


Kpiniromi, formed like a spine. 






•pin. 


spinous, ipiny. 


Q«arf. 




ipir. 

ipr. 


spiral, 
spurious. 


,«*■/. 


quadrifid, 4-clet^. 


«p«r. 


E 


qnateniate, la fours, 
qninate, in five*. 


;:..(,. 






.,aor. 


stamen, or male part of the flower. 






tlaminif. 


ilnniiniferous, bearing stamens. 


Rucin. 


racemoae, or flowering in racemes. 


■land. 


standard, upper segment of the pea 
Idossomed flowers. 


row. 


radiate. 




roilu. 


tadicai, proceeilini; from Ihe root. 


>leU. 


ilellate, or star-like. 


rod. 


radiiu, or rayed. 


,itr. 


slerile, or barren. 




ramow, or braachy. 


'tig. 


Bligiua. the female part of the flower. 
slimuli, stinging hairs. 


ftwp. 


which supports the other part of it. 


timu. 




ilipil. 


stipitate, or having a shon stalk. 


wd. 


KCtaDgnlar, or right angled, 


.tip. 


stipulat, or small scales al the hase of 


renre. 


recurved, or beni backward. 




the leaves. 


rqt 


reflexed, or bent backward, 


>t«hnif. 




«>;/: 


renlfonn, or liidney -shaped. 


Mtriat. 


striated, or furrowed. 


fip. 


repand. 


'trie- 


slrigose, having hairs. 


nTrf, 


replkale, folded back. 


itrum. 




T»»^. 




lub-twd. 


"^""*" "'""""""■ 


««■.' 


rctuH, or blDDL 




m«I. 


revotute, rolled back. 


nceld. 


snccnlent, or fleshy. 


r*«l. 




nbul. 


subulate, or awl-shaped. 
suft'nilicose, or shrabhy. 


'»*■■ 


rigid, or stiff. 


™j^. 


H»y. 


ringent, or gaping. 


lulc. 


aulcnie, or furrowed. 


m. 


rotate. 




wrculi, or young shoots. 


r«<wi. 


rotnDd.orroUDdish. 






«ff. 


ntgoM, rough or wrinkled. 
rundnate. 


tgng. 








Tend. 


tendrils. 


«K. 


raccate, having a bag, or po.icb. 




terete, taper or round. 


-P(. 


^'^'VeV^V'"''"'' 




terminal, or ending at the top. 








lematc, or growing in three's. 








leslnceoua, or bavine a shell. 


•«6r. 


Bcabront, rough. 


tttrach. 




w/. 


Kale.. 




t«lrandrous, or having 4 stamens. 


okH. 


•carioK, or scarious. 


ttlrap. 


tetrapetaloua, having 4 petals. 


"P- 


■cape, or (tern hearing the floweil. 


Iitrat. 




«n>t. 




titraip. 


tetrespermous, having 4 se^di. 




secnnd, arranged on t lide. 


tluUim. 


thalamas. 


•«■ 




Ihec. 


thecie, liavinKacasc. 




flowers. 


thyr- 


thyrse, or a dense panicle. 


«P. 


■epab, segnipntH of the calys. 


tun,. 




*7t' 


eepta, the divkioiis of the interior of 


toro. 


torosc, uneven. 




the fruit. 


tort. 


lorluose, twUted. 






trapes. 




«mJ. 


■errulale, tinely sawed. 


trian. 


triandrous, having 3 sUmens. 




wi^e, or haviag no fooUtalkji. 


irich. 


Iricbotomus, a.forkad. 


aaM. 




IricM. 


tricuspidate, or 3-pointed . 
tritarloaa, arranged in S ways. 


'^' 


bristles. 


irifar. 






_ 


^ 



^iv 




GLOSSARV 


*rtf. 


trifid, S-c1eft. 




"PP- 


irit. 


Iriloculare, »-celled. 






trip. 


tripetaloiu, 3 petals. 






tripttid. 


tripetiloid, S peud-llkp. 






Iriq. 


triqnetronB, or 3-«ded. 






triKct. 


trltectua, or Ihrice cuL 




Vul. 


tr»p. 


tropical, a native of the torrid 




car. 




tnincate, or as if cut off at ape 




rauf. 


t«berc. 


tuberculous. 




tail. 


Met. 


tuberous. Laving Beihy ronnd 


-oots. 




tub. 
Inn. 


tubular. 

tumid, or .welling. 




IVr, 


hmic. 


tunicaled, or coated. 




rrri. 


ha-b. 


tnrbinnte. 




T<rtil. 


t-rg. 


turgid, or swollen. 




t«if. 

vex. 


Umb. 






ri//. 




unarmed.or without prickles. 








uncinate, or hooked. 




virg. 


undul. 


undulate, or waved. 






unf-ui. 


ungukulated, or having a short ui^ia, 


Ihip. 


ang. 


nnguii, tbe lower or taper part of ■ 


VUlvif. 


ip,^. 


nnilate^l, orl-sided. 






uniloculare, Or 1 -eel led. 






unit. ' 


united. 




Ifftnr. 











upper. 

urceolatc, or pitcher-iliaped. 
iilriculale, or huviug little bladiliT*.. 

valved, or valves. j 

varief^ted. ^ 

venlricose, or inSated. ^ 

vernacular, or native. | 

vernal, or spring. | 

letmlile, swiORingon atitalk. 
verlicillBte,or in wborls. 
vertHiaear, or in a straight line, 
veslcatories, blistering, 
vcailluni, the upprr petal of a pea biM- , 

■omed Howcr. 
vUlODS, ihaggj, or liairy. i 

virsscentjOr green. 

virgate , or twiggy. ' 

viscid, or clammy, 
viviparous, or producingyonn^ plantiNl < 

filacc of flowers or seeds. i 

viform, like R cicfl, whose edges pro- 
ject. ' 






serled round the 



CONTENTS. 



Pagt. 

DEDICATION i 

PREFACE Ul 

UST OF SUBSCRIBERS vtt 

BOTANICAL WORKS, &c« REFERRED TO ^y 

GLOSSARY xix 



PART I. CATALOGUE OF PLANTS. 



CLASSES qf Plants. 

MONANDRIA 1 

DLANDRIA S 

TRIANDRIA 10 

TETRANDRLA 21 

PENTANDRIA 20 

HEXANDRIA 59 

HEPTANDRLA 72 

OCTANDRIA 7* 

ENNEANDRLA 80 

DECANDRIA 90 

DODECANDRIA 106 

ICOSANDRIA 108 

POLYANDRIA 121 

DIDYNAMLA 181 

TETRADYNAMIA 142 

MONADELPHIA 147 

DIADELPHIA IC2 

POLYADELPHLA 17$ 

SYN6ENESIA 176 

6YNANDRIA 197 

MONGECIA 208 

DICECIA 218 

d 



POLYGA.UIA 

CRYFTOQAMIA 

ADDENDA 



PART II. PLEASURE GROUND, &c. 



PICBiure Gnnind 

Klower Gardens 

Parterres 

ConstnictiaD of the Greenhoose 

Hauageinent of tlie Greenhoiue and CoDKrvalory 

CoiutmctioD of the Plant Slove 

Management of Hothonse Plants 

Management of the Heaths 

Propagation of the Ueatha 

Hardy Heath Garden 

Menagerie . , , 

Children's Oardeni , 

The EverKreeni 

A«pley Cottage 



PART III. KITCHEN GARDEN DEPARTMENT. 

General Plan of the Kitcbeo Oardea 29T 

Materials for Hothouse Itoofi SIO 

On Heating Hothouses with Hot- Water 861, SSS, 3TC 

Construction of and Managemenl of the Peach. House 333 

Construction and Management of tbe Vinery SSO 

Management of the Flg-Hoose 373 

Constrnctian of and Management of the Pinery STG 

On the Pine Pits 398 

On the Melon Pits 403, 404 

Culture of the Melon 40i 

Caltnre of the Cacuiuber 10(1 

Forcing Mushrooms 41i> 

Forcing of the Strawberry 4S6 

Forcing of French, or Kidney Beans 4W 

Mani^menlof the Cherr>'-Houae 423 

Forcing of Rhubarb 431 

Forcing tbe Potatoe 43> 

Forcing Asparagus W 

ForcitiK Sea Kale 419 



J 



Dtreetimu to the Binder far placing 'the Plates. 

View of Woboro Abbey, to face Title Page 

Engraved Titles with Vignette of the Priodpal Entraoce to the Abbey . . 1 

General Plan of the Pleasure Ground 2tS 

Her Grace's Flower Garden, &c. 242 

The Parterres 245 

Plan and Elevation of the Greenhouse 248 

The Plant Stove, &c* 261 

The Heath-House 271 

Parterres for Hardy Heaths 282 

Moiagerie 285 

Menagerie Entrances 280 

Children's Gardens 287 

The Evergreens 280 

Henry the Seventh's Cottage 29S 

Labyrinths 296 

General Plan of the Kitchen Garden 297 

Plan and Elevation of the Hothouses, &c. &c. SOO 

Materials for Hothouse Roofs, (Plate No. 18.) S22 

Sections of Forcing Houses, (Plate No. 19.) SSS 

Pfam, Elevation, &c. of the Pine- House 876 

PinePit 398 

Succession Pine Pit ggg 

Eariy Forcing Pit 402 

Later Forcing Pit 404 

Mushro(mi-House 415 

Hot Wall 420 



1 


Class 1. Order 1. 


1 


1 


1 


^^^^ANDRIA MONOGYIflA. 


s 


TAMEN 1. 


Style 


'■1 


L 






ul.'jf 


H.ililb Nili>F 


Y....f 






^^.. 


N™.:. 


LraK!,«;c. 




urn. cumry. 


nlrail. 






CJ^SNA,lNDtANSHOT. Cal.qfiUava. C.r. ^Ojwinli. 


Sty.cl«b-Hiap. 


Slig. 


Uua. 


Cnp.«,«ri.. 


taaHmm ■ m 


■CHrleL 


□v.lnD.llmbofcor.trif 


K. 


.H.W.Ind. 


mi. 


a.t. 


Sundytmm. 


b^.-.R. 




ov,oH.spi.8-4-in.loiig 


3C. 


.Ifl. Trinidad 


1827. 


s.». 


Setds, or 


^K|->. 


eatable. 


ov.obl.;*l.col.albB«.rd. 


B. 10. Peru. 


1S20. 


s.e. 


afseU. 


We^ 


glaacou.. 


cUip. lin. glau. b«D, 


S''- 


l.I2.S.Amer 


1732. 


s-e. 







uoddiDg-Bow*d. 


OT. Mcain. pet. notclied 




Peru. 


1810. 


s.f. 





r»f!ea.Rosc. 


Indinn. 


Bcnm. nerv. smootb. 


Td. 


W.lnd. 




s.». 






Mr. Lambert's. 


obi. lane, aciile. 


»c. 


5.8. Trinidad 


1818. 


s.e. 





loM.a.N. 


yellow. 


ellip. glau. smooth. 


V'l. 


1.12.S. Amer 


IflSQ. 


s.e. 


ll->ced. ^ 


■UU'WTJ, ^ KKO ir-fioor. 


Cal.aUav. C-r.S-p'^r. Sty.ptt.-likt. Siiff.S-nd. Nec.ijid 


. Cap.l-tfi. I 


■ndlDfccea. B.M 


Indian. 


ov. lane, bairy ben. 


tL-h 


7. B.3.Anier 


1732. 


S.|). Lighl (Mm. 1 


■nitoaiuUa. B.M. 


narrow-leav'd. 


lane. narr. smouih. 


HI. 


W.Ind. 


1820. 


S.B. 


p^irliag 


bkBlot.n.R. 


two.cdourcd. 


ov.9ubra.riisly.lt red ben 


tch 


I.l2.S.Amcr 


1 883. 


s.e. 


roots. 


RENEALXIA, 


RENEALMIA 


Perian,of\-Uqf. 2-i-ioi/thtd. Cor.a-parl 


Cap.i-fyrrow. i\«.o4(. 


Hillita. Rose. 


lubolar-flowg. 


all. remot. (cap. aheatb 


Td. 


7. 8. DemerBf 


1820. 


s.». 


LoamlfpeM. 


ilpinufu^nriila. B.R. 












yr««. 


fwic«l&U. ROK. 


clrulerpd. 


sit. lane, bract, sew. 


Wh 


yel. 


18SB 


s.». 




(<i»difl6ni.i..P.D 


large-flowered. 


Ud. nerv.tbeatli at base, ich 


4.T. N.HoU. 


1822 


o.». 





PHR rNWM.PIlR \~N1 VM. 


Cat.af3Itav. Cor. <^i equal pel. 5(y.«ai((d 


(a HeC 


or. Cap.iifa-tet:.. 


njntituiii. w. 


headed. 


ov. jmtb. enl. ;li.cBp 


«•«.. 


6. 9. E. !nd. 


1820. 


S.D. SanJylMm. 


1 rmiWniii. Rmc. 


lufted. 


e1an.ov.2ft.lou|;,Bnitk 


ytl. 


e. e. Trinidad 


1812. 


a.t. 


jwrhV 


I tdlorttnm. B.>r. 


colored -jpiked 


obi. lane, amtli. 


ri 


Brazil. 


1828. 


s.t. 




W An^tcenik. Swt. 


yetlowislt. 


obi. aeiim. .mth. glan. 


yd 


0. s. 


1823. 


s.». 




1 CtkthfaJlacfMtiu. o.n. 














1 liteam. Sot. 


yellow- bractcd 


tlnt.knot.Rnith.; jp.te 


.ah 


G. T. Caraecai 


1809. 


S.|l. 





1 tf.u'it.la lilta. 
















1 Zebrmuni. Ho«c. 


Zebra plant. 


ov. nbl. par. beu. 


pur 


4. 1. UraiUs. 


IBIS. 


S.». 





L T8iX/J, THJ'l/J. Ca(.tf>fa<iF.p«t.5. piy.d«|.r. Sfiy.dfpr. ^gaping-. N«(.«i.«r(. l)n(/.fl.«/. ] 


^■MpUa. o.». 


mealy. 


ov, apex, revol. wnooH 


ah 


7.5. Carolina.l79I.O.if.9.Ser..n<(™..i<. | 


^^^B 












» 


cliiir "//■»(«, j 


^^^L 




1! 










J 



r 


MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 


■ 


■ 


n 


^m .„., 


Emliiti 


Furai of 


^,j ,^ „ ^ ^,,[,5 


Y,.,( 




M,... 1 


■ "- 


N«ut. 


L«,>:., .c. 


n... 


""■'■ '^•""'"^ 


lBt»d. 




'""^1 


^^aEDr-CHIUiI,GAI{LAND. 


ri.cil.\.<tf\Uaf,ia.%- 


(Hrl.Cor.IiMftiS-part. Sty.Urgt. W«. «-*!<«.■ 


coccttieum. b.b. 




B.ia.Nepaul. 


1818. 


S.B.Ii,Um»| 


coronirium, b.k. 


iwect-ftcented 


Un.eUip.apeKClon.rilk. »-fc 


T.g. E.lnd. 


1793 


S.». 


»il^n»r| 


elilom. B.K. 


tall. 


□bl. lane, amooth. 


p.r 


i.ia. 


1818 


S.J. 


./r-^ 1 


^^ fltvnm. B.M. 


yellow. 


eUip.brd;ap*)fB.rel 


»C.SfI 


0.11. 


1818. 


s.il. 


— 1 


fc""""'— 


H.Qafdntr'B. 


jpiJifinany-fl.; tijibifiil.yFr 


T.9.Nepaul. 





s.«. 


— I 


^^^ R0SC(rEA,HOSC0EA. Cer 


0HierIimt3.pflri.inao- 


s-jip. j»(fc.a-M.i«nrMd,« 


,rr..,.liHlkSlJ 


capitita. L.T. 


headed. 


■mth . ipiftr cap .many 


fl.pwr 


T.g.NepsnI. 


1810 


s.«i.i™«r«i.| 


puipCirea.Ex.Bo 


purple. 


ov. acum.smootb. vagin. pur 


T.B. 


18S0. 


S.B. 


./.". I 


_ Vio4B.t.T. 


.piked. 


lan.smth.; )piJc.inaay 


fl.p«r 





1631. 


s.». 


— 1 


^^^»ALPrNIA,ALPrNU. C-d-i-tmlk-tabMlar. Cor.3.paTted, 


R.iin&^niip. 


Nec.i-lip.tow 


..,^ 




eared. 


alt. Ibdc. citiat. ro.ye.pnd 


4.a. E. Ind. 


1814. 


S.V.SiW,I«J 


caliairBU. A. rep 


aprightflowe. 


lanc.enuf.; ipiJf.erec 


rrd-or 


0. 


1800. 


S.». 


F^tiH 


c/mna. b.m. 


drooplBR. 


Ian. ■cnmjmlh.den. 


Wft.p- 


i.e. 


1 790. 


s.». 


nl*. 


dilTiHa. RuK. 


two-eleft. 


lane; (pill. manyH. 


J(El.pM 


5. 


1818. 


S.». 





nAtani. KoK. 


IKNl.tiDg. 


alL aliratli. imth. 


pfc.yri 


A.O. 


1792. 


S.(. 





RicemiiM. ROK. 


wcemed. 


obi. acum. KDlh. 


left 


T. 0. W. Ind. 


17S2. 


s.e. 





K^WPFE-RU 


K-EMPFCRIi. C«l.min«le. €<rt. 


>abtli»iglfiUB.Iivtb6-poT. Amk.2.hb. Slig.%^i 


Galangn. w. 


officinal. 


broadly ov. pale ben. 


pu.>rh. 


0. 0. E. Ind. 


1T24. 


s.v.s»i,i«l 


roan;inata. Row. 




broadlyov.gl.Ad™.bcn. p« 





1820. 


S.t.t,,,!,^^] 




noKoe'i. 


binale. orbic. »ariegt 


. irA 


4.7. Ara. 


18S8. 


S.»./™.r«M. 1 


^afO-»rM,JM0Mt7M. Cai.l-eJt/1. Cor. ./S im«,«nl .prMdiVpHota, (1« 


i.aer^l-Iip JWA.l-IrfJ 


r«ndifUruni.EiB. large-aowd. 


elKp. lane. ac4ite. 


wk. 


G. 7. Sier.Lena.ITSS. 


s.«.s..4l«,| 




■•rl-ahiped. 


lane. sobDl. aintb. 


Sri 


5.7. E.lnd. 


1819. 


s.». 


iirULntUM 


ZrNGlBER,GiyGER. Cah, 




ht S nlA<rt. 1 


offidnile. BoK. 


officinal. 


liu. lane, imootb. 


rol. G. 8. E. lad. 


IGW. 


S.9. PwJJIimJ 


r«i><^um. Ro»c. 


ro»y- 


ov.iharti>lalk>. lane 


Td.grl 




1S22. 


s.p. 


parting I 


ZenJmlKl. Ex.B 


brt^-leaved. 


'™- "»"<•■ """"'h- 


yel.gr 


9.11. 


1890. 


S.|). 


~" 1 


CURCU-JtfJ.CUnCtrjlfJ. Cai. 2-.:(</lt. Cor. Umb3. 


■par. 


AmIU. dbl. Cop 


3-tcll 


S«d. 


..^1 


lEraeinAu. Rote, 


terdigreaw. 


lane, icr.mid rib. pur 


TOIt. 


4.8. E.lnd. 


1807. 


S.».P»l«i«ii.| 


Ifin^ w. 


long-rooled. 


broadly Ian. aer.NQtb. pile. 


0.7. — 


1750. 


S.I1. 


p-rti»5 1 
















r«,^ 1 


CO-STUS,C(ySTUS. Cal.a.p^rt.gibb. Cor.faping,Z-cl^. 


unirliMbtplU 


Ntct 


J-,»r. 


SmliMk. 1 


artblcua. L.T. 


Arabiao. 


smooth, ellip. lane. 


wk 


8. Armlna. 


i7sa. 


S.«.PoU«l».| 


cylindricni. Roic 


cjUndr..pikod 


alter. Uoc. obt. dliat 


S'l. 


5. 9. BraiU. 


I8S3. 


S.«. 


./M. 


Ptrinw. e.R. 
















ComAsan. L.T. 


comoie. 


ob.oT.pnbe.; ^pit.conio.rd.g 


6. Caracca* 





8.», 





itr;.l>iia cnmOM 


J>«:q. 














rpecirtnu. r.l. 


.bewy. 


.ilky.ben.eat.nerv. 


ah 


8. 9. W. Ind. 


1794. 


S.S. 





BpicAnu. Rote, 


«p>kt^ fluwg. 


la... inilb. ; .imcyli. 


yi 


G. S.Amcr. 


179). 


S.». 














^ 


^ 


^J 



MONANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



LOPEZIA,LOPErZIA. Cal. 



Itae. Cor.^anequitlpit. Fil.2,aMptt.-shap. Cap.i-tell.Sfnianii.tetd. 
alt.up.OT.venellip.den. ;n(r.T.10.Mexica. ISOS. H.3. Light loam. 
alt. ov. atteu. teir. Ted. 8.10. - 



1103. G.fi. leedM. 



BOERBA.r VIA, HOG TVEED. Cal. nf I Uaf, itulodng (fce utd. Cor. plaittd on we end 0/ ilu -^titgi: 
*iK4M.l>^. clumny. ov.acutvkU.Mib-repatid. jc. 4. S. Pem. 1621. S.Jfi. Peal !f ham 

atHings, 

aALiCVRyiA,J0lNTEDGLAS3-W0RT. CtU.iwaHne.MHimd. Car.O, Sla.lora. A»tl>.2-lob. 
v4t>in. w. Arabin. alt ihetitli. obt. ^r. 8.9. Arabia. 1TS8. O.i. Light lail, 

fhilie6Ka. i.B. nhnibby. «.»hnib.ar.i«p.»e»!.obt. gr. -Britmn H.^.cMtliHgf, ar 

hcrtiicea. e.s. marsb. «t.ber. ait. camp. eroar. gr. .... H.a. ucda. 

liraediutieiu. K.B. pntciimbent. «. procjointu obconk. gr. Englani] H.a. 

rUUraiu. e-s. creeping. rt .herb .proc .art ; «p. obi. gr, Britain H.fl, 

mPPVRtS,MAliPS-TAIL. CaLttbordeTKarctlgdUctm.Citr.0. Sly-aal-ihap. Stlaim. Seedor.na. 
iidfarifc £. Fl. com 



io wborla. lii 



, iiDDoth. rtd. 5. BriUin. 



ZOSTKRAjGRASS-WRiCK. Cal.O. Car.O. Spad.lm.fial.ieithniBnyfts. Aii.tt 



H.ip. Mud. Ktih. 

**Ii(iso/roo(i' 



ORBER II. 

DIGYNIA. Pistils 2. 



[l-lub. Sfy.a. Si:edi4,nttked. 
tALLFTRICHE, WATER STAR-WORT. Cat.O. Pel,2M.acu. apposite, tqual. Anlk.z.lol,. Germ. 

ntomniUs. E. Fl. ADtuinoai. IId. 1-ribb. aoatlog. wi.0, 10. Britain H.iF.a. JUuU. 

Krna-E-Fl. ipring. obo.S.ribb.imlb. bkUI. icfi.4,10. .... H.ti. *eed. 

CdRlSPERMUM, TICK-SEED. Calyx 2-parttS. CoroUaO. S«J*oW«r,, oeu/.tuHrM-.pinM. 
hTHOpin^lium. I- b;ssop- leaved, lin, nervelesd. «h. 7. Europe. 1739. H.a. Light toil. 

ioleniitdiuiii. H.s. latenneiliatc. miicr.; item vill. vA. 7.9. Prussia. 1H22. H.3. itedi. 

BLFTUH, STRAWBERRV-BLITE. Calyx 3-parlcd. Cer.O. Seed I, entelaped in a berried calf .c. 
Ofianua. L. headed. triang. tooth.; ip. term. S. B. AnBtria. 16tl. H.S. Sandytoil, 
•ItUain. a.K. twiggy. trian.den.;fpiii.lat.«cat. S.Europ, 1680. H.a. ttede. 



CLASS II. ORDER I. 

DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. SIAME^s2. Pistil I. 

UGVSTRUM,PRIVET.Cal.tubular,i.cl(/t. Cor.i-part. Ger.oo. Sts-ehort. Ber.qf2c(iU,l[ieeeds 
Addun. n.i. Oumag. ov.eilip.Bmth.ihia.abov. irh. 0. 7, Ctiina. 1TU4. F.^. PeatBfloain 
*<<B(tc. K.». GOmmoD. liuic. acute, sniooth. tch. G. D. Brilaiu U.S. cuUings. 



^^B.' DIANDRIA MONOGYMA. 


^ 


^^ iTltatefk EulKil Fo™«f C«l...f M»l.1b Nlliv* Vf* 


Ml-^ 






FRA'XINVS, ASH-TREE. Cat.imlg.ordetp.i-<t^. C>r.0,°rni4<(<fp«;. C<7i.e«<>ipr.>n(AI«'2M(«k] 


aoericiDS. i.s. American. obi. em. shin, elauc. ^. 4.6. N.Amer.ITSl. 


H.e..StnngUt» 




H.C. •mli.M. 


elcaaor. E.FI. comnuHi. in5or6pairvfv.lan.ser, gr, Briuin 


H.tl. db,g,ar 


fivtaU. veepimg. gr. .... 


H.C grufling. 


dUptica. (.». elliptic-leaved. inSprs.bair.be.lea.ob.to. gr. N. Amer. 1824 


H.C. 




H.e. 


jagbndiloiim. 1.1. Walnut-leaved. ov.serr.ilulk.gUiii. ben. gr. — -N.Anwr. ITU 


H.C. 




H.e. 




H.e. 


uigra. i.s. black. iu3piuTi,aU.acat.dent. gr- N.Amer.lSlS 


H.ff. 


■■allien!, i.s. downy. elltp.ov.ser.stalkdoitiiy. gr. 5. 6. ITBS 


H.C. 


saniburifSlia. s.s. Sambnciu-lvd. seii.OT-.lBnc.«rT.shin. gr. 1800. 


H.e, 


CHIONANTHVS, FRINGE-TREE. Cal.O. Cor. A-porlcd,itgiamtiTfry long. 


DnpeuilKlKtd. 


aiiUatis. n.p. axillary. obi. elUp. acute. «■*. S.T. N. Holl. 1810. 


G.5.L««*p«l 




H.e. c»II»W*, 


NYCTA-NTHES,MCT.iNTHES. Cai.9. Cor. »!«..*%. 4-p«rt. Stg.ma: Cap.tflttUM. SMtf^ 


irbor-trjstis. B.R. square-stalked. 0T.BcnleiXr>N4-sideil. icfc, 6.9. E.Ind. IT8t. 


S.^.L>,u^ 


^^^OLEA, OLIVE. Cer.t-cl(ft,tegnmttfmt«:lH>tat<ae. Dnpt ,ingU mded. 


« "VX 


^^Kiweticina. (.9. AmericMn. ellip. lane. ent. smtb. wh. 6. N.Amer. ITi6. 


0.|t.L«i47Hl 


^■TaDsuilitolia. S»1. nflrrow-lcavcd. lin. lane. ent. ^ B-fc. 


etUingi i 


PkUlyrtti angiuli/mUi. s.s. 


mmt,,%d, 


capintii. B.H. lealiicry.|enTed. oTOle. entire. »*. 6.Q. C.B.S. 17S0. 


G.i. ikmd- 


cxcf-lKl. S.T. Inll. eUlp. acuti-, smootb. th. i. 0. Madeira. ITSl. 


G.». g(™. 


_ . europ'M. 8.«. European. lanceolate, entire. »A. e.8.S.Enrop.l570. 


G.i. 


L^ I. lat'filia. irMdlMTfrf. vh.^ 


G.S. 


^^M t, bHx^lut. Bax-lattd. vh. 


G.S. 


^^^ S, Mitjua. Miqat-lfared. <rfc. 


G.*. 


' frierans. n.M. fmp'Bnt. laBCColnlc. Hrrrate. bA. 0. 8. China. 1T71. 


G.5. 


IMilTtlia. u.i. broadlrnved. ov. cord. scrr. smootli. wh. S.Enrop. liOT. 


H.^. 


Piilijria inti/blia. I.. 




media. R.t. lwi(^. obi. lane. 3-ncrv. ent. «■*. 


H.*. 


1. Biaifilia. Box-Uaicd. «:*. 


H.&. 


PA.«srrt miJia. l. 




olCRrolla. a.i. Olive-leaved. ob. lan.nearly ent. base au.icib 


H.S. 


Phillsr/a alea-filia. B.t., 




undnl-ta. B.C. w>»j-lea»«l. obi. acum. undul. «-*.jW. C.B.S. IB». 


O.^ ^ 


JASVISUM,JASMINE. C«i. 8 or 8 rftft. Cor. tmpa. limb SS-cl^. flerrj </a diri*. SeedmliUrt.^ 


aroricum. d.r. Aionan «^.ter.lcafl.avjnb-coni.srfI.4.ll. Madeira. lJ2i. G.Sf-'l- Ltnu^r^ 


■uiiculitum. B.R anncled temate, opposite. wA. S. 9. E. Ind. 1190. O.^.cl.ciiltiafi Jk 


frfltican.. h.m. jellow alt. tern. lead. obo. obi. yd. t. 9. S. Europ. 1570. H.S. mnd, rM* 


gradle. A.II. .lender opp. ovatp, elliptic. kA. 1.12.Norf.lsl. 1791.C.i.<i. /mtg tm 




biiimle. B.«. Italian alt.ac.ter.pin.;ftffl-.ang. y<l. 6. 8. S.Europ. 1656. H.*. <!«.. 


binfitnm. u hairv ov. cord. opp. pubcs. wk. E.Iod. 1T49. G.». 




officinile. li.«. common opp. pinn. Icnll. acum. irA.O.lO.E. Iiid. lS48.H.*.tI. 


pubieerum. u.p pnbosiiut kafl.uv.uueq.atbaw. Bf. 3. 8. Nepaiil. l8a8.H.S.rf. 




^^■d 



DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



i.ov.obt.sciini.ufe, 8.11. China. 

in Spain. yel. Nepanl. 

.sDbc.; bron.pu.icA. E. lad. 



ainglc Arabiau, op.elli. 

doublt fioictTitig. 

wave-leaved. cord. obi. aliin. wavy, fnh, 3. 



IBia. S.£.W. 
H.S.ci. 

less, s.i^.ci. 
181 a. s.Jt.ci. 



[icith Xtcidint 
E'J, ENCHANTER'S NIGHT-SHADE. Cat.iii2seg.lalni.at the base. Pel.2,iibo. Cap.o/2cetttf 1 



cord. dent, shin, 
ov.deDt, dowtiy.wA. a 



H.9. Light k 
H.f, imrl. TooUt | 



E-n. 


Alpine. 


■-B. 


■k; bine. 


lE.F1. 


Geld. 


h.E.Pl. 


water. 


9RK.t.«. 


nBTrow-leaved. 


. ».*. 


nikcd-otalked. 


idt».R.a. 


daisy-leaved. 


i.a. 


Cla.iua's. 


tLB.S. 


DOIcb -flows red. 


U.K.». 


croas-leavEd. 


kMA 


digitate. 


.*.». 


elegant. 


an.B,i. 


Bc&h-cotniireil. 


!*.■.>. 


thceady-slalk'd. 


ima. 




mica gnlimteidti. n-M. 


R.l. 


unooth. 


BU>.E.FI 


. Ivy-lMved. 


, B.FI. 


hairy. 


K.I. 


hoary. 


B.i. 


cnt-leavcd. 


Ia.R.«. 


Umg-leaved. 


. B.F.O. 






le«. 


a-E-Pl. 


nioiintain. 


la.B.M. 


nraiaiid. 


1. «.p.a. 


ncglctted. 


. B.S. 


pinnate. 


■t>.R.(. 


paiiicled. 


ta. B.t. 




ta. a.p. 


perfoliate. 


uE.Fl. 


blue rock. 


ta. E.FI. 




E.F1. 


ifHked. 


o«. w. 


three-leaved. 


n. B.C. 


uiw-lcBved. 


!.FJ. 


spring. 


u K. 


Virgimai.. 



ov. imootli. serr. bl. S. 6. ScDtlBDil H.9. iSundy Imim, | 

lin. lane. lerr. bf. 0.9 IBIS. H.J^. or miied 

ov.serr.flower-leBvesalt. bl.I.I2.Brilaln H.3. icilltpal. 

lBn.ser.acut.;«l.erect. At. 0. 8. . . . . ll.w.9.tMds,orpar(- 



H.9. 
H.B. 
H.p. 
H.p. 
H.JJ. 
F.S- 

H.a. 



opp, lin. acute, aerr. £1. T. 0. Siberia. 
ronnd, oblong. il. i. G. Italy. IT75. 

ovate, tcrr. rongli. bl. 6. T. Switier. 1TT5. 

DV.tootb. opp. Ian. stalk, iit. T. 0. N.Europ.l824. 

tern. ojip. obi. lane bl. S.Europ. 1804, 

ellip.eat.;<i™sbnib. »fc. G. B. Falkl.Isl. 1T76. 
(ligit8te.pBrtjil(nicrec.icA. 4. .'i. Spuin. 18D5. 
ov. obi. cren. itnlk. r«. 7. 9. Italy. 1882. H.p. 

ctlip. lane. lerr. pur, 6. 8. ScolbiDd H.^. 

cord. cren. hi. S. Levant. 17S0. H.a. 
eUip.lau.Ber.low.>nith.pa.6i. 5.6. 1748. H.fl. 



tern. opp. subcord.lanc. 
cor. slight. hairy ,5 -lob. pii.bl. 
elUp, lone. lerr. stalk, pa. 
lane. opp. cren. pub. bl. 
lane, pinuatif. Bmooth. 






bl. 



cord. sess. obt. lerr. bi. 
cord. lauc. tern. lerr. bt. 
ov.ser.ibiu.;iIC(n hairy, pa. 
btpinaatif.seg. lau. tin. II. 
lane. scat. «cr. base ent. bt, 
lin.pintr.crowd.leall.lilif. bl. 
Ian .tern. aer. ; Item aacen. bi. 
pectin.ser.obl.j stem prog, ii, 
ov.acum.decius.eniperf. pu. 
eUip. serr. in the middle, bl. 
liB.allght.tootb.&acem.al. ^I. 
obi. opp. lower obov. bl, 
dig.pnrt.low.cnt. ; if.apr. Irl. 
ov. rug. dent.; ileinvill. bl. 
pinnalif. npp.lanc. pa.il. 
4'j-lagcUicr,lanc. ov. a^h. 





lCJI. 



I rii It* j» If I I ti 

tMM'f^r^fc;— At.*.!. ■ 

"inl mM r»i ■Tat H S. ■ 






iiii«».tJi. ^MM. Ji^Hihi 1^^ 1 T n .... a^i^i 

im^mm^m^ ^M^^m. ha ■■■ ^ i^ mi ■*!■'> !»■ IIWi H^ (^ 

II ii»n«i iiMfcii" 1 mi nji,ii^#i 



ILUt.V-lBA. I 



|iw.hH«.«<.K^ «.CIk.SnM. Dm. 6^ 

bLteCfsfea. a. CRM. ttm. T^ 




i^.<«4.«*..<iM.^^«.l.U.llEnea. Mff- G..S. 
■• 1M>. ^iM M\m,, ft" T ' 19M. H.a. 

tLS.7. irM. G*. 




i. 



DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



English 
Name. 



Yr.of 
iBtrod. 



ptat^uis. B.B« 
ipl^ndeDS. B.iu 
SpkimAiiiii. R.s. 
Sdira. R^ 
SimtiiiHL B.R« 
ijlv^stris. R.8. 
tingitaiia. r.s. 
Tiriegita« r.8. 
vertkiU&ta. R.s. 



Form of Colu»f Month Native 

Leaves* &C. Flow. ofFl. Country. 

meadow. cor.obl.cren.ap.; tt.clasp. 61. .5.11 . England H.^, 

splendid. ov. lane. serr. smooth, sc, 8. S. Brazil. 1823. S.|b. 

Spielman's. obi. cord. dent. hi. 6. 7. Caacasns.l8lS. H.9« 

common Clary, cord. obi. mgos. serr. (/. 7. 9. Italy. 1562. H.IS. 

Sims's. ov. mgos. cren. repand. 61. 7. Russia. 1820. H.^. 

wood. cor.lan.and,bis.Bractcol.6/. 6. 0. Germ. 1759. H.9* 

Tangier. cord. obi. mgos. dent. st. 7. Barbary. 1796. O.J^. 

▼ariegated. cord. obi. mg. dent. 6/.trA. 6, 8. Hungary. 1814. H.9* 

whorl-flowered. cor.cren.den.whl8.8ubna. It. 6.11. German. 1650. H.^. 



8oa! 
PropagatloB. 



ferbenica. E.F1. wOd Clary. serr. sinuat. smooth. 6/. 6. 7. Britain. 



• • . • 



H.9. 



AUDIBErRTIA^AUDIBETRTIA. Cal.iMp.up.ntbenHre, low. bifid. Cor. ^-Up.upMJld. lower tnjld. 

iiic^Da. B.R. hoary. obov. obt. ent. hoary, pa. 6L 6. Colomb. 1826. H.S^.Peatif loam. 

ctitttngo. 

[SHg. 2-Io6. Capo. 2'CeUed. 
GRATrOLA^ HEDGE-HYSSOP. CalqflUa. Cor.4pan.irregu.r€ntpinate. FU.A,2qfth£m9UriU. 

cffidndfis. R.8. offichaal. lane. serr. S-nerved. toA. 6. 8. Europe. 1568. ll.'9^ I^ght loam. 

fiipnka. R.S. Virginian. obov. lane dent. smth. it. 8. Virginia. 1769. H.Jf. parting the 

qndridentata. Ph. four-toothed. lin. lane, acut 4-dent. «f. 6. 8. N.Amer.l826. H.9. roots. 

[Cap. 2-valv. 2'CeU. 
8CBIZA'NTHUS,SCHIZA'NTHUS. CaI.5'eUft. Cor.2'lip.reeur.up.lipS'part.low.l'par. Fi/.4,2sier. 

HtabbL Dr. Hooker^s. pinnati.orbipinn.seg.ent.ro. 6. 7. Chile. t8S0. H.IS. Light rieh 
n.B.F. pinnate. pinn. leafl. ptnnatif. {t.ptt. 7.10. Chile. 1828. H.01. loam, 
H.B.F. spreading. pinn.;«f«}nspread.¥il. tr.pti. H.JI. oeedo. 



JUSTrCIAjJUSrrCIA. Cal.S-part. Cor.irregu,24ip.lowerpart. Anth.2'e€ll. Cap.of2eelU,8f2valvee. 

B.M. scarlet. ellip. smth. spik. termin. sc. 12.4. S.Amer. 1770. S.^.Loamtfpeat. 

S.§^xntting$root 
S.^. freely t» a 
S.|b- little hot- 
S.lb. tomheai. 
S.|b. ' ■ ' ' 



flesh-coloured, ov. Ian. acum. cren. smth. fl. 8. 9. RioJanie.l8S0. 
fiHhBgin/iiBii.B.R.Carthaginean. ov. ellip. acut. nerv. pur. 6. 7. Carthag. 1792. 
c al y catii cba. b.m. yeUow-flowered. opp. cord. ot. repand. yel. S. 4. Brazil. 1825. 

shining. ellip. blistered, shin. «c. 7. 8. W.Ind. 1795. 

glossy. lan.ell.acu.atbth.ends. t0.<p. 3. 9. 1790. 

swoUen-jointed. ov. acum.smth. serrul. cr.p«. 8.10. Brazil. 1826. 

white-flowering, lane, ovate, entire. wh, 2.10.E.Ind. 1790. 

painted. ov. lane, varieg. ent. u. 7. 8. 1780. 

pauicled. lane, nearly sess. roe. 1811. 

quadrifld. linear, hmceolate. ec. 3. 9. Mexico. 1795. 



A.R. 

■tddn. B.R. 
■ M ate . B.M. 
piela. R.S. 
pniciilita. R.a. 
^■adrffida. R.S. 
^ecHsa. B.M. 



ItBtlicOSa. B.M. 



purple-flowered, opp. smth. ov. subcren. jmr. 1.12. £. Ind. 1824. 

side-flowering, ov. obi. acum. ent. u. 1793. 

ventricose. obi. ov. ent. smooth, wh.rd. China. 1825. 



s.n. 

S.9. 
8.*. 

S.$. 



CALCEOLA'HIA, SLIPPER-WORT. Col. A-parted. Cor. 2-lipp. inflated. Cap. rf2 celU, 4r 4 valves, 

anehnoideB. b.m. cobweb. obi. dent lingul.woolly. pur. 6.10. Chile. 1827. F.9. Peat if loam. 

aipnlifdUa. B.M. narrow-leaved, ov.obl.biser.pnb.shin.at.ye2. 

iKMena. b.r. dwarf-shrubby. ov.stalk.rugos.dentpub. yel. 6. 9. 

Meilor. B.M. two-coloured. ov.cor.rugos.pube6.dent.yW. 7.10. — — 

9Kjmb6ta. b.r. corymbose. ov.cren. the under cord, yel, 4. 8. 

iftsa. B.R. spreading. cord. ov. opp. serr. rug. yel. 



1822. Q.Sb'many qf this 
1826. G.JIb. tribe per- 

G.|b- /set seeds, 

1823. Q.^.whenthestig, 

QJ^'fiuisore/erti- 



FslheigiUiL b.m. Fothergill's. ov. spat, ent toment. pur. 5. 8. Falkl.Isl. 1777. O.Jf.lizedwiththe 
Hcrbertttna. b.r. Mr. Herbert's, obi. rug. cren. pub. yel. 6. 8. Chile. 1828. Q.'9»polleny whUe 
kyMia. bybiid. obov.ellip.den.retic.vill. br, Q,'9,theplantsare 



8 



DIANDRIA MOXOGYXIA 






C-^LMi WimUi Vm«ri \xjxi 

wum. wrn. ct* 



integriiBlii* 
porpum. B«if < 
pimntau B.ii. 
Pfauitigiiies. 
pofiiolim. B.v. 
nig6n.Ex.FL 
tbjraD6ra. b-m. 
Yo6iigiLB.K. 

WVhFESIA^WULFESlA. C^LS-fmt. 




Ifii;. 



U.ft.t. 



JERil'BrrJEEEjrrV, E&lATHflirrJL C«LWicA. Or^p>rt.£JbrtekcvT. ndbraitf. G 



Phaipin.i«a. s^fttf^ 



U.iat.E.Ijad. 



•pp. U.S.4. 



STACBYTA'SPBETA^ BASTARD-rERVAiy. 



fm.&t. 
racS-t. 
kL 



I' 



fB.4;i- 






MOSA'RDA^MOSARDA, CmLttrwUdyS-^iifi. Cmr. 




BOSMAtUVVS, ROSEMARY. C^Z-hppei. Cmt.rimgtmi 



m 

vJL 7.CUe. I7K. G.: 



BWrmOCARPCS, DEDYMOCARPLS. 






GAUPEAyCAMJPEA, CmLimmf^^Amtk. 0-. ^S lu. pcic Gtfr».S, 






ACMTSA, ACJESA. CA ^S 



obL wfT. 
ci6o. obLfefT. 



prfals. SfoLS-i. C«pi^l-9» 



- > 



^. S. 6. S. 



VL9.aiHagttf 
ITTT. H4|.»ni#/i<« 



DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. !• 

Uteb[6a. D.C. hBir\-l»Ted. Irafl. obi. ent. Viil. gr. 1.6. C. Et.S. 1TJ4. O.^. joUli. 

VvvlgBU. u.H. unoolh. (tnjl. ov. crcQ. imonlli. gr. 6.8. Maeellia.lTW. H.fl. — 

maUQIia. F1. per. oral-leaved. obl.wtMlge-sh, silky, ben. ^r. 5.6. Peru. 1B02. F.tf. 

pisntifida. d.c, pinnatifid. lin. Isnc. piaoatif. vill. gr. 4.6. Chile. I82S. O.p. — — -■ 

oD^niidrbtc. Lam. BDroet-leaveil. Icq^. obov. dent, silky, gr. 6. N.ZeiJ. 1T96. H.$. 

COLUSSfTNlA, COLLINS&NIA. Cal.parUd. C<ir.»iiHi/W,<ii(*eri«<fcrlip. Stamtnii^. Stcdti 

CWMUini*. t. Nettle-leaveil. ov.cOT.Mnth.;>l;iBSTDth. yrl. 8.ID. N.Amer.lTSi. H.Jfi. Peat If loam. 

KabtiAscnla. a.K. nngb-slalkeiJ. av.cor.pilo>e.;((,Toiigb. yil. FloriJa. ITTO. H.f.iIiciJ.jiIand, 

PIMEI.ErA, PIMELE'A. Cal.O. Iimoliuriini i-Uated. Car. icUft. SUg-iut capitate. 

. DitMrna-lcaveil decuss. obi. >mtb. ent. roi, ^N.Holl. IS30, O.^. Featl(lMm. 

fleshy-fniited. ot. obi. pubes. ben. wh, 4. 8. V.Die.Ia.lBSO. G.^. cutting! in 

deciusale. opp. ellip. tmooth, cul. pi. - — - N. S. W. ieS3. O.^. nand aitl 

■- L.T. glaDcoui-leiv'd.cllip. ent. smooth, ;lau. wh.S.S. lSi2. G.^. root /rcelg. 

■.B.r. hoary. Ua.ell.op. hHlr.be. Mi.ab. it. 4. 8. V.DJein. 18!S. G.£. 

OlB-M. dax-leaTcd. lin. lane, l-nerred. uh. N.S. W.1T93. G.jt- ~ 

fcn-flo«ered. lin. l>pc. smooth. yd. 3. S. V.Die.Is.lSia. G.S. 

itea. a.M. row -coloured, opp. lin. smooth, cut. pi. N.Holl. IBDD. G.$. 

GVKNerRA, GVSSERi. Cal. 2-lootluJ. Car.O. SlyUicl^l. StedtingU. 

Vuftmm. H.M. comioaa. conl.reii.flat,creii.9ep.nD^pDr.6.8. C.B.S. 1688. F.|l. Peat If laaai, 

ili.idisgat 
the root, 

FOtlTANE'SlA,FONTANE-SlA. Cat. i-partrd. Cor.qf2pclaU. Cdp5.2-«Hn/, I sefdinmcfc. 

pU}i»oldes.w. Phillyrea.leav'd. lia.onootli. entire. leh. 6. 8. Syria. ITST. H.fb-Gardtn toil. 

cutliHgi, or lnyirrs. 

USOCrSRA, LINOCIERA. Cat. i-laathed. Cor. with i pelali. Berry 2-edled. 

vmtfkLlA. B.p. Caribbean. ellip. lane. RBceiu,coTnp. icb. W.Ind. IT93. S.^.Praf 4'/fla>ji, 

cat ling t. 

CLA'DIUM, TWIG-RVsa. Cor.O. Spik.imh. Glun.clu\f. Sls.eapiU. Stig./niii2-A. Dnp.ev.iiflcelt. 

Biri^tw. E.FI. prickly. keel.Mrr.acnm.jrt.artic. 6( Eoglaad. H.w.^. Pcol ttlouiii. 

»tedi,ir parting rtatt. 

CiTA'LPA, CATA'LPA. Co/. 3- ported. Car.i-cl^,irr€gvliu: Capi. a-celltd. 

bngbsiina. U.K. WBre-leaved. obi. undut. smooth, tck.pu W.Ind. 177T. S.S-. Garden loam. 

■Jtin^foGa. s.M. common. con), cnt. urauoUi. icA. 6.8. N.Amer.lTae. H.J. «ed»,orcii(- 

tingt vfreal. 



ORDER II. 

DIGYNIA. Styles 2. 

ISred I. 
iVTBOXA'STIiaHf, VERNAL-GRASS. Cal.glu,o/2val.l-fi. Cor.of2eq.val.aw. Sty.ihor. Stig.erei: 

Mtmoi. nji. bitlvr. snitli.glaii. Panic .spik. ah. 7. S.Eorop. 1810. H.|). Ligltl loam. 

•ntnin.ci.s. ovale. ciliat. ; ipibn ov. Spain. 1884. Vi.J^.Ktd;or di- 

i.E.Fl. tweet- acen led. flat,hairy,panic.i>p.ov.(iM. i. Britain H.^. tidingat 

* Thb It an excclirnl Eraas for pennaoeiit paaturec, when iiilcnniied with other tpecies. 



TRIGYNIA MONOGYNIA. 

ORDER lU. 

TRIGYNIA. Styles 3. 

prPER, PEPPER. CJ.». Cvr.9. Btrrj angU ttJtd. Spadixiiatp.cTertdtcilhJtor. hearing mmIm 

•Utam. p.>. «riae«I. obi. hue. aUen.S-ncrr. gr. W.Ind- 181!- S,$. Loamii pt«l. 

addncam- w. booked. dfip.Toii^,aiwq^l baw. frr. Januuci- 1TS4. S.^. euUimiet, I 

Bdl«. w. Bcllc. cord. or. cDtire.untb. gr. E.Iod. 1804. S.£. tack«n, 

emikcraa. K.C ttHtbtrj-kwn'i.ltot- paial, roriac. gr.l.a. 181S. S.£. -■ — ■ 

iaciODiD. a.c tumtf. aK. ortiic. or. hair^r. gr. BruU. S.^. 

geainUaam. w. joimed. cD.obl.tnany.ncr.aDefi.al ba. W.IdJ. 1826. S.S'. 

i m cnf kfUam. w. Uiy ■ ka wd. o».obi. manj-neir.Mnth. yr. i81o. S4&. 

ttidrnm-iut. Maiag. ellip. lane. Fmtli.dotl. vi. S. 6. Jamaica. ITQl. S.£. 

aiffmm. w. bbdc o«-acom. T-nerv, curiae, gr. E.Ind. I79B. S-i- 

pIuiUK<>)caia.8.*.PUnlaiD-leaT'd. ellip. arani. enL gr, WJnd. IBSO. S.£. ~ 

itrpeia. f-». ttaillng. trrn. ellip. TiU. jfT. 6, 1. Jamaica. S.J. 

■■pucalataDi,B.i. claw^poinUd. eDlp. lane. i^an. gr, Pern. IBM. 8^. ~— 

gUMtttcm. J acq. 



I CLASS III. ORDER I. 

TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Stamens 3. Style I. 

COMOCLADU,MAlDES PLUM. Cai.l-pa. PetJ3,laT.ihantktaU. Dru.i-tp«I.Mthtend.Sml iMtA l» 
iiilegrifoU*. w, catire-lea**d. piD.leafLoT. Ibdc. en. u-A, T.O. Jninaica. ITTB. S.£. iMua^-pMl. 

GNEffRVai, WWOW-WAIL. Cid.l-\-t<xith. Pet.Z-itqwd. Slm.l-i. Stig.i-ftd. Drtp.1-* 
tfieteeniii. u) tbree-gitiined. imoolh, lane. abov. agil.ytt, 4. 9. S.Earop. 1T9S, G.£. Sandy «t(. , 

COMUELrNA,COaiMELrNA. Cal.ofi ttar. Prt.9. F(;.3-4-«(n-. Cop.!-l.t(H. Sted^attaik.tothivd, 
africtna. B.x. Arrican. Isnc. wm.; »(*Bideciiin. jel.S.lO.Arriea. 1759. O.^, Sandy la 
ectlbtli. w. iky blue. ness. obi. iind. smtli. R T.IO.Mexlco. IBIS. G.i. and ptvL 
dcflcieni. D.w. deBcieal. Ibdc. ent. smooth. bl. 10. Brazil. 1B3S. S.Jfi. euttingi, 
tuber6Hl. B.H. tubcrous-root'd.ov. lane. mm. cUiat. bl. 7.9. 1732, H-S- 

TRirONIA.TRlTONIA. Spatk. 2-ralv. Cor. tubular, limb d-parltd, marly tqual. Slig.S-rprtad. 
Ciptiuu. B.M. Cape. Spalha. lane, pot nied. ifr.S.lO.C.B.S. ISII. F.^.Sandylti 

miniiUi. h.r. late-flowered. enHf. smtb. epatha. apik. ytl. 8. IT9S. F.J. diriding af< 

TtTrHCU. B.B. rcDeied. Im. emiC; ipikcsrcBex. yel. 6.6. 1SI5. F,|l. root. 

WITSE'SIA.WITSE'NIA. Spalh.O. Cor.tubu.liiBba.parl. Stig. emarg. or tub-3-fiil. Capa.S-nll. 
^rjmbit*. U.K. tnrytnboM. in two row*, smooth. H. 4. 0. C. B. S. 1803. G.£. LmnNtpraft 



^^^«ar7ml 



TRIANDKIA MONOGVNIA. 11 

Bntlltb Farmnr Cnl^ MonlEi NUIrc Yr^r tgHHd 

WATStyNIA,WATSOmA. SpalK.2-tal. Ctr.lMb.limbi-paTl. .Stif.i-Jid.riexr. Cap.nftAnay ittdi. 

f.K. Al«tru-like. lin. ncrv. fl. recur. rni, 5. T. C. B.S. ITT4. ¥,9. Ptat If ioam. 

I. dwirf. lin. ensif, yill, red. 1TS4. F.¥- "fftt: 

■R. dotled-flower'd.lin. nar. smooUi. jmr. 4. 5. 190D. F.^. •- ~ 

B.M. tinM;Dloured. lin. ensif. smooth. pk. T. S. ITQS. F.^. 

ABTSTEAfARTSTEA. Cer. itdv. ihort. Pet. C, rtfular. Slig.*i«ipU,ehtii4e. Cap, i-etUti. 
miHs, B.I. bluf- dowered, emir, smth. spatba. part, bl, 1.0. C. B, S. IT59. G.^.Loamffptmt. 
podk. ■->. BBtsteiumeii. Ud. ionc. fttlcatc. hi. 6. T 1S06. G.^. div. al not. 

ANTHOLVZA, ANTHOLiTZA. Spalh.i-valv. CM:Mnd,HmbriiigeHl,ntUt,liKeolale. Slig.i. 
xOiifit*, m.u. Flag-teaved. enrnf. Bttcnuat. nerr. K.«r. 1.4. C.B. S. tTS9. F.^.Tiattrloam. 

offutt. 

KOttXAjMORXA. Cor.rfO-jietaiifSprtadiiig. £Hg.»-e. Cap.eblong,maiiy-tnded. 

IAii^M.B. loiii!. (D S's. lin. ; <fm ilngle. cr, S.T. C. B. S. 181T. F. V. Loon ^ prof. 

TtnonAaa. a.r.<i. Tciiotf'*. in i't. unoDth, oen. bL Naples. 1824. F.9'P<"'t'<<''^''' 

WACnENDORFlA, WACUENOaRFIA. Cur. B-parferf, irrcf War. Capt.i-teUid. iSealtl. 
I^Mion.w. tall-Qowered. eiuif. imooth.tibb, pUc. s«l. t.O. C. B.S, 1159. G.f.Leamtfpeat. 

affttt: 

MtaiCA, UA'RICA. CaT.ofa-pttai>,tktiuppeTlargett. Stig.prtet-like,S-fd. Capl. i teUed. 
tKtft.B.ti. tHo-edgcd. «ap. 3-edged,Biinp.nnth. bl. 7. N.Amer. 1693. H.|l. Loaa axd 

Wf i k B. B.B. blue. 4-e feet high, emoolh. M, 4.10.Brazi1. IBIO. S.|9. f«ir«OHM. 

NBt-apfrta. B.C. half-open. lin. lane nerv. yel. 1B20. S.ff- dividing 

MtaLa.T. Mr.Sabine'a. emif. smth. cnl. R».10.St.ThoDi.IBS9. 5,|1. pliati. 

BRODIX'A,BRODIJEA. Ptnath.tabtt.{,-part.p«taUikt. Sly.fil{f. Siig.i-^. Capi. i-ceUed. 
inodiflora. D.R. large-flowered, lin.acnm. cbano. bt. 6. Oeoi^in. 1806. G,^. Loamlt Itnf 

niuiild, offteti. 

GlADtt/LUS, CORN-FLAG. Spatb.2-Z-talied, Cor.tul>ular,6-partid. Legimuerate.hiaceolale. 

diHa. B.M. fringed- Bon 'd. etuf.rigid,plicale, pab. n.t/. 6. 6. C. B.S. 171)0. F.^. Loant and 

■igAttBi. H.K. narron-leHv'd. lia. ribbed, smooth. ff.re. — - — — 17S7. F.^. ptal mixed. 

bmtfcjioa R.i. iboTt-leaved. lin. compr. pubei. ^.3.,^, 1803. V.f.offieti/riiTii 

tamokTot. b.k. comtnon. rnaif-nerr.; spik. l-nd.rrd. 8.7. S.Curop.ISBQ. F.Jp. hulbi, 

Cdiimi. B.r.o. ColriU'i. lin. enrif. glau. nerr. red. 1824. F.|p. 

csrdiiiiHi. B.X. mperb. ensif. smtfa.; spifce l-sid. ic. 7. 8. C. B. B. 17tt9. F.ljf, 

dmeo*. B.M. fleih-colonred. enrif. ntriat. smootb. car, 5. 6. 1790. F.p. 

dtbilk.fi.M. treolc. lin. clnng. flat. ich.pu.i.5. 18^2. F.^l. 

aoribOudiu. B.I. mnny.flowered, Unc. enslf. ncrv. pft.irft. 5. 7. 1789, F.^. 

fraritit. ir.s. dender. lin. sbeatb. ribb. pa.bl. 4>S, 1890. F.|). 

kinutm. B.m. h^ry. lia. ensif. downy. rus. 4. 6. 1T95. F.j. 

Hin^ri. B,M. Bldlcr-i. lin.ribb.»healli.»pott, ah.pu. 4. S. 1751. F.D. 

laOadsui. Parrot. eusif. eqaitant. acnm. or.rJ. 6.7 1839. F.f, 

recnr»ed. lin. ribb. slieath. ipott pa.j. 1758. F.p. 

darlt. lin. S-oer». j-sided. M.br. 6. 6. 1745. F.IJ. 

Tiper. cDsif.glau.ner.diiEicb. gr.pu. I7B7, F.|). 

r. B.C. variooi-Folor'd. lin. eniif. 3. nerr. gr.rtd. 1794. r.p. 

Wation'). Un. ensif. B-ribb. k. 4. 6. 1791. F.J(, 

C S 



13 TUIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

SiNcBUlc EaiUtti fontol CoLsT M«alk nain T>«r MH 

AMSA'XTHVS, AKISANTBaS. Spathmt-rmletd. P,rMlk.lmbmlar,Umb9-pa1. C<p«.S-€>p 
CosMna. k.r.s. Mariet. ciuir. Uo. stnootfa. w. 6. 6. C B. S. 1TS6. F.y. So^ i 
■pUarieiu. B.r.«. a^ileDdkl. lio. CDsif. snooih. ac IS2$. P.p. umdpi 



ft. SUg.i. 
F.V. PMlj 

pp. 1^ 



BJBU'A'J,BiBIJ'NJ. Sp<ahat-T^ttJ,i»Mrt-ptrtrd. C*r.t>hikr,K>»C-<Itft. $f«.l. 
dfatKba.B.>. two-raokal. plaited, Till. ripd. U. fi. T. C.B.S. ITT*. 

r^f. n.K. I'lping'floiier'd.tniaoth, Uo. ensir. par. S. 6. 

naiU^ii. H.K. muij-ipiketl. Till, Cor. ring., fwr, 

SPAIWXJS,SPARA'XIS. SfUkai-taIttd,jt^ff<l. Car. laMir. SH;. I, rmmd. Cap€,Mm 
hmlUftr*. B.K. balb-bcaring. Cor. limb regn. £^. or. ftt. i. 6. C.B.S. I7SB. P.9.Lmb^| 
Tcnkvlar. B-r.c. nrioiu-cokx'd. Fmif.scria.<Bsli.;tf.l~l-fl.pB. ISIl. P.p. t^j 

SrHSCrriAfSrSNaTIA. Ptrmmtk.^pvrud,raignt. Sim. 9. 5tv. 1, ■pnyri^iriL ■ 
bkolor. ■-■. tvo-coloortd. Sp»t.spoLcorJuiibcIeft.y.U. S.4. C.B.S. 17H1. F.V.A«^ 
nric^ta. •.r.e. nri«;c«tcd-flDw.dii(icli.cDsif.obli^.HnUi.rH. 4.6. I6U. F.p. ^^i 

BESPERA'KTiLi. ErENING-FtOWEK, Spatk.i~rmlT. C^.tmht.Umit^—l.t-rwn. Stig.t 
&lcat>.B.M. Bcfcle-leatett. blc waooib, wrr. vLir. 4.5. C.B.S. IT87. F.9..S<«trl 

pmoaifiln. a.it. Gm IdTcd. En. ; «(ra smooth. tfik.br.B.9. 1M& P.p. a<|a 

jdin. ■.>. har;. lis. baii;.; M. imlh. wJLtr. 4. i. ISII. P.p. ^^ 

rXIA,ri:iA. SptOmi %-ntn4. C»T.taimUr,Jn4rr,U^t^mL Slif . S. rnswA C^t. ^Mnk 

iMn.UL ntt-takmnd. ea^. aen. moiMb, H^- 4. 5. C. B. S. IHA. F.p. An^J 

B^lWlB. KJ. headed. lU. cduf.ifl.in (^.iriLMi. S.6. ITSt. P^. aaifl 

ctivs.K.c. mM. BD.cnrle<],>ailb. rM.4.i. tT»T. F.p.q/MaJ 

timi't. ».m. Oraugc-nlar'd.ciBif.natb.liinbijMti. «r. ITST. T^. tkM 

fajVida. RUf. fiiariOBi. den.; Racn11.1niB5-fl.rj-M- F.P- 

kKiBl^B.B. vMle-BMcnd. Go. eosif. obliq. vLS.g. ITSa. F^. 

i nn ii ta .a.«. ifiMed. (naf. aooolh. ipott. nr. S.«. !!«•. P.*. — 

trtttM. &.B.K. r*fc».flow*r'd. eiraf. aaDoth. re*. ». F.p. — 4 

<iii<Bwi. B.K. pna-fliHnr'd. En. (trial. gT.t-&. ITBO. F.|i. W 

SI.SrurXCHlCM.SISrRrSCBWU. Cir.4^Cp>teli.5CB.uuC(rf«i«w. Gir.naaif^M 

■.w. lri(4(a<n]. e»if. Bn.; d«9 ed^cd. M. 5.T. BctbuhI. ITSS. O.p. Sa^ h 

Ud. flat ; KaTT ump. yri. 6. 9. CiBcn. IIW- P.p. tmd pt 

UB.faa.pGciacr.l.«d$td.ir.6.S.WJad. 1T9T. S.>. J i ri <i i | 

liB. nidf.; «fm rami. fdL CUe. IBST. C.ff. rM<, 

•cnakcd. liB.UBc-;K«prS<ai]cd.^S.*. Muko. 1188. P.p. 

OJtTHJTOSi'KTirr^ ORTHROSASTBVS, Pa-.^.-fik,adr.Hdaf.S-p«t. 5M.S. C«p.*Ua- 

■^itif. M^aaiy aiwiui. IfctMtf.miaLaMBlh. W.S.T.N.H0IL ISSS. G.p. PMlt*< 

rart.ali 

cIMta w. wMc DT.aU.alrt.Mt.^1F.b.Kr.«i.T.S«lt>ef. 17«. U.p. SmdAffi 

4Ms. LFL ««MH. M.; MoiMMiteMif. U.S.T. BtkMa. .... H.p. tfaifim 

clHfi*B.BA ih^Mit. cort.^«.€MiRs.canl.Mr.«.t.ABMria. IBU. H^ rw|L 

■oariM ».c !!■■■<■■■ e«.(iU.dc^app.acM. U. Salter. I T48. H.p. MM 

ofidatfkC*. gnM-vid. bMCMT.«|>M>in. M. Brittia. .... H.p. -^ 



r 


TRIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 


■ 


■ 


13 




e>Kii>b 


Foroior CUfM 


oU. NNlt.» 


Yt*f 




SoUand 










Inlrud. 




ProvHXioa- 


*j. 


Owiien. 


ent.; ((monMi^nn. loi. 5. 


7. Gerniany.lSeT. 


H.e. 




eik>. B.B. 


bean-leaved. 


cord. lerr. upp. pion. rut. 5. 


e. Scotland 




H.». 





bEJO. 


red. 


ov. lane. 5Db. ent. red. 6. 


0. England. 


[ 


H.p. 
-sidsd. 


8-/BrToired. 


£PTAKTBE^RA,STREPTANTUeRA. Spalfta a wiwd 


. Perianifc. 


3-parU 


d, Total 


. Ovariam 


». B.P.G. 


copper-color'J 
elegam. 

ILA, VALERIA 


ent MriaL ; «p. 2-4 fld. y.e. 6. 
ens.obt.UErv>'ini>1.2. Hd . u'.y .~~ 


7.C.B.S. 


1825. 


F.lp.Saodyham. 
alar. Capi. i-ctlCd. 


.ER/J.VE" 


SELLA. Cai. minute. C»r. 4^ 


\-pctal, S-cUfl, rtg 


ita.DC. 


oval-fruited. 


Ud. ; fl. imth.; cnpL ov. jmr. 4 


B. Britain. 




H.a. 


Sands ml. 


(rridaa JnMta. e.D. 












^DC. 


Lanib's-Lettac 


lin.obt.i (api.infl. poJeH.- 


— Britain. 




H.a. 


Srtd.. 














3rCt7S, CROCUS. Col. hiiiibr, I-jlciwerAl. Cih-. U equal Mgwnti. Ciqi«iad a-nOni. 




km. BUS. 


two-Bowered. 


longer tbantheflowerE. foh. 3 


3. Crimen. 


1629. 


H.f.SanilylMm. ] 


iadn>.B.K. 


OBked. 


stig. Sseg. tu.cor.in.long.ri.10 


1 I.England 




H-K. 


#«■(. /roiB 


b«».(i.B. 


Cloth of Gold. 


Begm.ofcor. revol. yt.pur. i. 


3. Turkey. 


leoB. 


H.e. 


ftWft.. 


W.E.F1. 


HfTroD. 


■tig. S-lln. notch. stffD. pur. a.lO.Eiigland 




H.». 


' 


knnn».8.x 


Bulphur-color' 


. itig, proj. beyond ant. yil. 2 


3. S.Europ 


1039. 


H-e. 





llM>.HE. 


late-flowered. 


appear with flwn,stig.div.ria. g. 


1.- — — 





H.D. 





blE.PI. 


spriDB. 


stig. 3-jagged lobes. pur. wh. 2 


4. England 




U.9. 





rCHOA-E-MA,rR/CHOA£rMJ. Coi. ya-tai/l, ™/t«. C«-. 6-j«rted. SfiffBM dtrp/j 


i€idtd. 


bMdhiin.E.F-|.cl>aiiDd-leaT'd.Un.cha>iii.}-4ii>cb1ong.pur. 3 


4. S.Europ 


1 739. 


H.)p. Light loam. 


tfxn^B.>t. 


caulescenl. 


furrowed, emih. Un. j/el. 


7. C. B.S. 


IHIO. 


H.p. 


offiets. 


lm.B.it. 


Bo»e-colonred 


filif. ; jinpes l-Hower'd. pk. - 





1808. 


F.». 


■ ■ 1 










Irowtd. Sliemia i-cqiud. 1 


S,FLOWER'DE.lVCE.Cel.a/itti^yvalai. Cor. <if 6 laequai Kgmtnti. tiiTTnm « 


loi,g,S-/ur- 


rHa. B.M. 


naked-stalked 




6. Dauria. 


IT48. 


H.D.*»dyi«™i. 


>lra.B.R. 


nnd. 


ensif.j smpetflowet'd. ifd. - 


— Hungary 


1808. 


F.9. 


ditided at 


n.K.1. 


tvio-flonered. 


enaif. short) tep.i-M. ei.pu. 4 


9. S.Europ 


ISM. 


H.». 


f Ac roolt. 


Att-BJI. 


cretted. 


n:]i.l-fld.ilongaslea«es.M.<r. 


5. N.Anier 


1T60. 


H.p. 





)6tnii>.a.R. 


forked. 


entif.9mth.jjcp.2-4-iid.pvr. e 


8. Dfloria. 


1784. 


H.». 





dlMitiu. E.FL ilinkiiig. 


ensif.;.t™unglcd. p«r. 


6. Britain. 




H.». 





Biliiim.w. 


Florentine. 


enBif.snith.;«ii.2-fld. u-A. S 


e. S-Europ 


1S96. 


H.«. 





■■ B.M. 


copper.coloor'd.enuf. smoolh. cop. 


7. N.Aiutr 


1812. 


H.*. 


1 


MiiB. T. 




enNf.imth.iscp.many'fld.M. 5 


8. China. 


1702. 


H.V. 




1-inia.w. 


br%hl-ycllan. 


eniif.imth.;«p.2-Ud. yeJ. - 


— Siberia. 


1814. 


H.H. 




Unea. B.M. 


GraM-leavcd. 


lin. tmtb.i (cp. 2-Bd. p.bl. 


6. Austria. 


1507. 


H-e. 


_- — ^ 


Maaica. B.K 


Oeman. 


eiuaf.amth. ; lep. niaoy-fl. U. b 


0. Gentian 


1572. 


H-D. 





ltnca.H.s. 




chnno.;.cape2-fld. yd. 4 


S. Portug. 


15I)B. 


H.». 




Kdu. w. 


pale.yellov.. 


eiisif.; »cope l.flowcr'd. yil.— 


— German 


1748. 


H.D. 





■(teM. B.r.i: 


. Nepaul. 


lin. eniif. nerv. li. G 


7. Nepaul. 


1824. 


H.p. 





rDleno.B.M 


sulphur-cdor'd.eDsif. BtriBt.:icp. 3-lld. tr. 


7. Levant. 


1757. 


H.B. 




Mo-»cona.E.Fl.yellow-watc 


. ensif.ribb.icor. naked, ye. 


6, Britain. 




H.». 


1 


METiff ff, BOG-RVSH. Sp 


•lie of l-t-Jlow. Cor. 0. CJumes 2 ranked. Style itmple at bait. Stigm.i. \ 


1 


Hack. 


s(.iial.cd,hcnd roundish. 


7. BrilniQ. 




H.,..D 


Loom. 

purtiaj at 

TOOtt. 






^^H 




^ 


^^^^^H 



TRIANDRIA HONOOYNIA. 



BffSPORA, RYNCBffSPORA. SpUcoif/ew fiawt 

white. taper.lin.;i7'.ileiid.inacor;. 8. Britain, 
braorn. filif. ;bruLi-€.glanie shiD.br. — ; 



CYPSRUS, CYPrRVS. Spike o/maitgfi. Cut. 0. Gfu. imbr. StgU timpk of Iht lait. Stigma M.l 



tbKta.E.F\. 


brown. 


iln.triaBg.;T. crowded. T.fl.Engtand H.-S. SimOf mit.' 


liiiipi*. E.FI. 


iweet. 


tt.Z-aded;ij,.tU.S-litos. 7 . . . . H.tc.^. Sttd, vr Mi 


BCrRPUS,CLVB-RUSH.Spikt<</maii9floH>m. Cor.O. FiLfid. Slyle divid. Stigna i->. A»^^ 


ccspitosns. E.FI 


Kaly-staltted. 




C>ricmui.E.Fl. 




liu.flativ.a6gr.n«ny-fld. ....H.w.». pert. 


<airin4tu». E.FI. 


bluntedged. 


*(. trians.nakedj •p.oT.niun. 7. 8. ....H.w.p. diridnf 


Slaucu<. E.FI. 


giBUCOOi. 


(l.glaue.nikediip.croud. ....H.w.fl. ptoalt rt 


tacdrtri.. E.F1. 


BuU-nub. 


loraatbaseij™.cyin.i«p.OT. 7 ....H.a-.p. tol. 


mailliiDU). E.FI. 


salt-tDorih. 


rt.lriang.iqj.ot. croud. T. 9. — ....H.tr.^. 




few-flowered. 


i¥.offewfloweniri».obt. 8. ....H-u-.p. . 


T&fa>. E.F1. 


brown. 




iflTiticiu. E.FI. 


Buod. 


keel'diri.trlang.i^.aggr. 1.9. ....H.«:.fl. 


trlqaeter. E.F1. 




<l.tri»le. naked; jp.Uteral. 8. ....H.t.lfi. 1 



L ELEffCBARJS.ELEO'CHARJS. Car. 0. Gent, omapr. Sty. dOal. at bast. Stig.2-3. Sttd eroK^ 

■cicuiiri*. E.FL leulipiliemih. fl.4-sided, !<iDtb.;>p.S-6fl. T. 6. Britain H.Ef.y. FeatoM 

flditani. Br.Fl. floatiDg. awl-ship. kcel'd ; <p. few fl. .... H.w.y . Imh. 

mnlticiulii. E.FI. many-ttaikcd. *f. ronnd, 1-3 ibtba. atbaw. 6. 7. H.tr.f. pttrtaf* 

paUiilrii. E.FI. cr«Fping. ip.i in. loiig,Bcule; itig. 3. ....H.v.p. real. 



ERK/PUORVM, COTTON-GRASS. Spikt <y 
■DguatinSliatn.E.FI.DarTow-leaTed.lin. triing.; gimae ixnnted. i. 5. Britain, 

atplDnni. B.Fl. Alpine. diann. ; a.triaag.; ip.ov. ob. Scollaod. . 

capita tnni. E.FL round headed, lin.awl-<h.;«(,rouiid;fl.rib. 8.9. 

gnicile. E.F1. sIcDder. liD.triBn.;(l.ilight1yK>;7.3-4.T.8. 

pabjtcens. E.FI. dawDr-ltaiked. laoc-flatj Sfi.from 2(o8ar9. 4.S. Britain, 

I polystichiau.E.FI. broad-leaved. lBne.l1at;ip. stalks iralh. 4. 

y nginatuin. E.F1. harcVtail. at.jointtriang.obov.; Jp.ov. 3. 4. 

NA'RDUS, MATGRAS.'i. Cul. 0. Ci/r. i^a concare valra. Grrm. ebl. Stglt 1 
ttricti. B.Fl. commoD. tl.Sslra.{arr.-,ip.aDg.m»ay-6.e.7, Britain. , 



..H.ir,V. Lmmo^ 

..H.ir.D. diridia;^ 
..H.<r.9. root. 

■H.B.B, 

..H.K.p. 

..H.„.||. 

, Stigma fralhtrj. 
..U.ie.9. Sia4^a 



ORDER II. 

DIGYNIA. Styles 2, 



I [(Aery. Setdt 

PHA'LARIS, CANARY-GRASS. Cat. l-Jiotctred. Cor.c/lraltti. SlyUiMluiH. Stig^iuulmgjt 



B.FI.ReBd. 
I a^nltka. waler. 



ir. cliist. T. 8. Britain 

V. Glu.loolb. 6. 7. Egypt I77B. 



H.p. StaU. j 



TRIANDRIA DIGYNIA. 

ijtUBvaie EueUiIi Vnnool Cal.of Homb Mulvt Vr-or 

Nasw. MiiDF. Laiii9,ac Fluw. otn. CuuuiiT- Inlrml. 

bidUM. bnlbou*. Pn.beardl.; q).fDDiid. Simla. I83J. H.^. 

tuwUmii. B.FL manured. Panic, ot. tike a spike. 6. B. Britain H.9. 

paCMtfru. ■.*. paradoiicul. Panic. ;iifiiJfe round, bristly. 6.7. S.Europ. 1S24. H.S. 

wountetn. R.a. Iialf-barren. Panic. illff.G In m, acute. HungHry-lSlS. H.ff. 

[• 
PBLCUM, arS-TAIL-GrCASS. Coi. (/a nearly equal roJce, 

ilpi'miai. E.FI. Alpine. Pan.«;i.oT.obl.Cal.fring. 7. Scotiaiid H.{l. light loam. 

vrnirium- c.r. tea. ip.av.lHnc.obl.Cal.gln.fr. G.T.Britaiu H.S. Secd*,<iT 

ttpenm. B.FI. roogh. Panic. round, Cal.giu.mncr. 7. .... H.a. diviiionitf 

Babmiri. B.F. porpie-stalked. Panic.cjdiud.lob.i-tu.lin. 7. 0. England H.D. p/anl. 

MicbaiL a.F1. Miciieiian. Pan.sp.I-S-ln.lntig.Cat.gl.laii.G. T. Scntland H-f. 

'imtcoM!. B.FI. Timotliy-graw. Cal.gtn.tran. awn. 0. Briialu H.f. 

1 m^ar. greatrr, .... H.jp, 

KSA'PFU, KKAPPIA. C-d. 2, nearly (qaalci 

k.E.FI. early. tltrntrim.; ip.oT6tolOS. S.J.Vfalea H.'S- Smdy foil, 

Stedt, 
[fialhcTif. SeedUoK. 
POLVP&aON, BEAtlD-GRASS. Cal. iif 3 valva, awntd. Cor. iff 2 caltn. Style ihiH-l. Stigma 

b B.FL perennial. roneh.; f(.iinitb.decniii.Pa.lab. 8. Britain H.f. Samdg loam. 

Lannnal. acut-Mriat-PanlcsilkyUke. T.8. .... H.3. Seeds, or di- 

tid. planl. 



■^dH»,B.P1. Alpine. Un. Cat. glum.rring.Sribb. S. U. Scotland H. Iff. Li^hl tail. 

agifi^B.FI. alender. qijlen.cal.gliim.nntl.atbate. 7. 8. Britain H.9. Seed*, or 

Inlbtma. E.FI. balbous. etriat.ciia.;ap.nic.Cal.gl,lin. 6. — ' H.Jfi.partingroatt 

lUtn. E.F1. OnDge.<piked. aji.3-in.loog,pBn.Cal.gl.uiiil. T. .... H.w.p. 

pncul&nis.B.FL jointed. ip.llin.long.pan.Cal.gl.an. 5.8. ....H.u-.^. 

'praicmb. e.s. meadow. gl.iJl.crecsrnth.Cor.ofariba. S. — — H.J. 

tiricnUlii».Fl.Or.bladdered. Rac.iJp.ov.Glu.hair^atkcal. 7.8, Italy. 1777. H.|9. — 

iGROS'TrS, BEXT-GRASS. Cal. ^% acute, oB-aiu.M/M 

inB.a.fi.w. wbitc. Pa.br.hii.nnt.vnl.ofCor.S.n. S.O.Britain H.y. ^ady loam, 

^■rpanJKraJ, ptT^watctnt. Setdt, or 

tnlna. B.FI. bronn. Pan. br.erecl^pr.Ca. tb. une. G. T. Britain H.^. parting 

ntmMcta.W.eD. retrofracted. Panic. iprpail.PalciEhBir^'. 8.9. N. Hall. 1806, H.p. plant. 

vticf*. e.B. hriiOy. Pan .dt-ui.Col.Ta.une. lane. Britain H.^. 

itka-'JDri.Br.FI. wiodward-ipik.Pan.tpr.val.mic.rodgb. D. 7. H.a. 

*4slankfera. c.e. creeping. Pin.coat.dual.Glu.pub. H.^' 

\ amftttifilm. MrroK-leartd. H.fl. ~— 

1 •rttMta.B.G.n.aiFnrd. .... H.)9. 

I 'lali/iUa. broad-teaced. .... H.p. 

ttmtriUt. groT,. .... H.». 

( palMrif, tuarth. .... H.^. 

*4^ri*. N.«. common. Pan.«pr.aut-iul.ci)r.3-ocr. 6, 7, .... H.^. 

Thme narked with na Aiteritk, are recommended by Mr. Sinclair, in hia " Hortna Gramineua 
Vahuauuii," a« the grine* best adapted for permanent puliircs, an<l contaittinff the greatest quantity 
etwttntin natipr. 



imineua 
luantity I 



10 TRIANDRIA DI6YNIA. 

Syiteniaac Bnglish Form of Col^f Month NatWe Yr^t Soil aid 

Name. Name. LcaretyAc. Flow. ofFl. CooDtry. Inttod. PropagatiMb 

TRICHOTDWM, WINTER-GREEN'GRASS, Glu. 2'valv. l-Jl, Palea beard. Owrter tlumglmm. 

alptnom. alpine. rough on both sid.Cal.oy. 7. Earope. 1821. H.9. JUif&l 
Hibrom. red. glaa. Pan. obi. in clus. 7. 8. H 9* 



[valves* Germen ovale. Stfde dittkuL 
CYNOTDON, DOG'S TOOTH-GRASS. Cal. of 2 keeled awnless valve$. Cor. <t/*2 uneqwd, eoi 



D&ctylon. E.F1. creeping. taper.rib.glaa.;jp.4-5-toge. 7. 8. England HJ^* SoMdjf Imau 

line&ris. W.en. linear-leaved, sp. digit 4 ; Olam. erect. E.Ind S.9* 



[metUi longer tktm the gimm, 
DIGITA'RIA, FINGER-GRASS. Cat. qfl-t ufuqtud awnU$$ valves. Cor. qf2 wuqnai valves. PHIS' 

tangoing. E.F1. Cock's-foot. hairy; sp, S*8 alt. in pairs. 8. Britain H.fl. Ligki mA. 

▼iU68a. P.8. TiUoas. 8heat.hairy; ip.many-setae. N.Amer. 1781. H.fl. 



[acute wdves. Style awl shaped. Stigssa AarttsifL 
PANTCUM, PANICK'GRASS. Cal. of 2 unequ/al rthfted vahes. Cor. qf the perfect fioret nf% 



clandestfnwn. w. hidden-flow'd. «t.dich.Panic.of few flowers. 7. N.Amer. 1802. H.9< 

latifdUam. w. broad-leaved. ov.lan.amp.Panicspread. 8. 9. 1765. H.9* *eed* 

Cms-g^. B.Fl. loose. lane. Panic, bristly ^wned. 7. 8. England H.fl. — .- 



CATABRO^SAj WHORL-GRASS. Cal. of2'val.obt. Cor. 2'val. ribbed, trwse. awnless, nearly eqmL 

aqn&tica. B.FI. water. flat.Panic. spread, awnless. Britain H.w.^. — — — 

Aira aqn&tiea. b.b. 

[notched. Style short. Stigma ktrga. 
ArRAj HAIR-GRASS. Cal. qf2 keeled valves. Cor. ^2 oblong valves. Nect. a cloven scale. Aniktn 



ilhsu wliite. lin. Panic. spread, awnd. 5.6. Spain. 1829. H.9* 

alpina. B.FI. Alpine. awl-shap.iny.Pan.erec. awn. Scotland H.9* ssedSfOr 

csespit6sa. B.B. toHy. flat. fur.Sti.often clo.Pan.sp. 8. Britain H.9« divUiwg 

canteens. Br.Fl. grey. tri.Pan.l-2in.long.aw.cl.sh. 7.8. .... H.9* plaaftt 

caryophyllea.B.Fl.ttlvery. Pan.spr.S-fork.florets short. .... H.fll. ■ 

flexa6sa. Br.Fl. wavy. glaa. Pan. spr. ; fl. awnless. .... H.9* ' ■■ 

pne'cox. Br.Fl. eariy. Pan. few- fl'd. awn-twisted. 5.6.' .... H.fl. — — » 

[each floret. StyU short. Stigma large, fsoAsn. 

HOLC US, SOFT-GRASS. Cal. <if 2 unequal asonless valves. Cor. qf 2 unequal valves. Filameni§%fm 

* BTeniceos. b.b. Oat-like. Cal.snith.lNirr.; fl.awn.fer.sii.6. 7. Britain H.9* Saady 

*lan&tas. B.FI. meadow. down.onl>othsid.Cal. woolly. .... H.9* 

m611is. E.FI. soft. slig.dow.Cal.ner.sm.; fl.aw. 7. 8. .... H.9* 



[Gennen round. Style long, Stigwm 
MKLICA, MELIC-GRASS. Cal. <if2-concave, awnleu, ribbed valves. Cor. of 2 unequal okUng 

Pan. bran. ; «p. S-flower'd. 7.8. Siberia. 1770. U.l^.lAghi 

spik. S-flower'd. Pan. spr. 6. 7. Italy. 1806. H.9* 

Pan. equal. ; jpUk. erect 7. Earope. 1771. H.9* 

aca. roogh. Pa. obi. erec 8. Britain U.9* 

Pan.racdroop. Stip. short 6. 7. .... H.9* 

spik. droop, glaac. acate. Barbary. 1804. H.9* 

Pa.droop.tol-sld.;«p.erec.OT. 5. 6. Britain H.^. 



altfssima. Hoa. gr, 


. tall. 


Baahfni. W.en. 


ItaUan. 


cUi4ta. w. 


ciliated. 


cfl^riilea. B.Ft 


pnrple. 


nutans. E.FI. 


moantain. 


pyramidilis. 


pyramidal. 


uniflora. E.FI. 


wood. 



SETA'RIAySETA'RIA. Panicle in a close round spike. Cal. 2-valved, 2-ftowered. florfls I-ShmIM. 

gia6ca. HostOr. giaocoos. Rac.;sp.InT.2-flow'd.hairy. 7.8. S.Earop H.%. Ughi 

ganicalata. R.s. jointed. «p.elon.cyl.Inv.2-fl'd.brist 7 1805. H.fll. seeds. 

Itidica. R.S. Italian. jptlc. comp. ; spUeef. heap. 8. India. 1816. H.2I. 

Panicum U^licum. Hostgr. 



TRIANDRIA DI6YNIA. 17 

SjiicaMric Enslish Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of Soiltnd 

MaoMu Name Leaves, &c. Flow. ofFl. Couutry. Introd. Propafa<i<»- 



•nky. flat; ip.roond. InT.Til.l-fl'd. 9. 8. W.Ind. H.fl. 

irfrtdh. Br.FL green. Panic. ; spik, Invol. bristly. 7. 0. Britain. H.9* 

Pimkmm viruie. b.b. 

vertidUta. Br.Fl. roogli. Pan. ; jp. Sc lob. Inv. brist. 8. 0. H.fll. 



. B.B. 

ISiyU a little united. Stigma Umgy downy, 
8SSVERIA, MOOR'GRASS. Cal. qf2 eqwU vahee, containing 2-S perfect fiorete. Germen email. 

ccerfilea. B.FL Uae. rec.8tria.l-rib.; «p.obl.imbr. 4. 5. Britain H,Jf, Sandy soil. 

eloogfttB. Hoit. long-spiked. spik.S-fl'd.oatpale^-5 bear. German. 1805. H.p. parting 

tesoiiSliB. »•«• slender-leaded. Pan. clustered. S.Europ. 1818. U.y. plants, 

[floret9y S tfi each barren one, 
BIER€yCHLOEf HOLY-GRASS. Cal, iff 2 unequal keeled valvee. Cor. iff 2 valves. FU. 2 in perfect 

bore&lk. B.F1. Northern. flat^edg. roogh, Pa.erec.sec. 5. 6. Scotland H.9. " 

Holemeodoraiut. l. 
fiigrana. fragrant. lin. nerv. Pan. dost. N. Amer. 1777. H.9* — 



[Stig, spreading. 
GLYCFRIAf SWEET-GRASS. Cor, qf2uneq. voltes. Fil.longer than the cor. Ger. ovate. Style diet. 

njiittca. E.FL reedy. l-rib.lin.splk. of 5-lOflor. 7. Britain H.ir.9. Loam. 

PiampUUUa. E.B. seeds, or 

E.F1. floating. Pan.obl.erec.flor.nam.7-rib. 6.8. ....H.tr.9. parting 

I. B.B. plants. 

E.F1. reflexed. Pan.branc.flor.5yObt5-ribb. 7. ....H.to.y. 

P4aduimtB. s.b. 

aMfitaM*E.FU sea. inY.acatflor.5,8light.5-ribb. ••••H.ir.9. ■ 

PSeLMtriHMa. e.b. 

pae6nbei»J£.Fl. procambent. flatyroaghySm.ben,flo.5;5-rib.7. 8. .... H.9. ■ 

Picjwve^mfteiM. b.b. 
r%ida. E.F1. hard. Pan.lanc.Srank. flor.7* 6.7, .... H.S. . ■■■ 

P6m 



ISeed elliptic, oblong, 
P(yA, MEADOW-GRASS. Cal. qf2 uneq. awtd. keel, valves. Ger. ovate. Style short. Stig. feathery. 

ilpfaML B.FL Alpine. 8pik.cor.4-5-fl'd.01u.keerd. 6. 7. Scotland H.9. Light loam. 

* angastflBUa. dc. narrow-leaved. Pan. diffosey spikel 4-flow'd. .... H.9. seeds, or 

*iBBaa.B.FI. annual. spikel.ov.S-flow'd.fl.S-ribb. 1.12. Britain H.A. parting 

balb6n.£.Fl. bolboos. ser. 8pikel.4-flow'd.Stip.lan. 5. 6. .... H.9. plants. 

B.B. sea-green. spikel.ov.S-flow'd. Gla.lan. — - .... H.^f. — — - 

E.P1. flat-stemmed. fla.sta]k.Ca.gl.3-rLfl.S 8or9. 6, 8. .... H.^. 1 

festacefttnnis, Fescne-like. lin. nerv. Pan. dust Dalmatia.1800. H.9. 

iNca. B.B. glaucous. lin. flat, 1-ribb. ;fl. 2-5. 6. 7. Britain H.9. 

liia.w. wavy. Pan.droop.8pik.3-fl'd.Sti.lan. 7. Scotland. ... • H.9. 

*BanoHUIs.w. wood. Panic, spread. ;>2. 3-5 ribb. 6. Hungar. 1824. H.^. 

*aervita. w. nerved. spikel. ov.5-flow.; stem furr. 6. 7. N.Amer. 1812. H.9. ^ 

^pat^nsis. B.F1. smooth-stalked. Pan.spr.spikel.4-fl. j2.5-rib. 6. 6. Britain H.9. 

*trivittis. S.B. roughish. spikel. 3-fl.;;lor.lan.5-ribb. 6.8. .... H9. 

THIOTDJA, HEATH-GRASS. Cor. orbicular, slight. Hbb. with 2 uneq. concave val. Ger, flat. Seedov. 

d(c6aibeiii. R.Br. decnmbent. lin.smth.glau.Stip Jiair.;>2.4. 7. 8. Britain H.^. 

P^ 4€ciumbens. h. 

D 



r 




TRIANDUIA DIGYNIA. 


■ 


■ 


~ SysiBiriild 


ensllob 


F.irm uf Cui.iir HouILi NiKvc Vr.a 




■allnt 




Nime. 


Lm«m, *e. Fl™. ofFI. CuiilTj. InUod 






BRFZA, QVAKING-GRASa 


Cid.o/a0bt.eah. Car.aawHl.adt. Nicl.a chc.teak. C#r.or. SNdM] 


minor. B.Fl, 


small. 


jpilt. Irian. 7-fl.;rtip. lane. T.England 


H.a. 


An^Mi^ 


nifdia. B.Fl. 


coninion. 


apik. ovat. THaw. ; Mip. obt G. 6. Britain 


M,» 


w<*ri 


inisiron. k.s. 


greal.f piked. 


pan.n<idd.;i'f'(A.coi'd.l3-17-fl.e. T. S.Europ. 1G39. 


H.a. 


1 








tS*.d(«.«..«o«l 


DA'CryUS, COCK-S-FOOT-GRASS. Cal.o/acomp.volTa. C^r.aamed.kteiec 


,t.n.r 


«i«/rtli4l 


c>niKur6i<)e)i. 


Dog's tailed. 


elong. glauc. jijiit. all. C. B. E.Ind. 1823 


S.«.Iv>IM,| 


* plmnerita. E.FI. rough. 


lln.acu.;;>nn.alt,branc.j/l.cr. 8. 7. Britain 


H.ll. 


j™fi.w 


I'liiuc^'sceas. 


gtoucons. 


Pan.clusLvalT. aun. Switz. 1819. 


H.B. 


ditUiMg 


liispSnica. W.en 


Spanish. 


pan.l-M.; spifc. S-flow'd. ^— Spain. 1814. 


HD. 


pi^u. 


litlorUli. 


ahore. 


Pan. dust. fl. awn. S.Enrop. 1816. 


H.». 









[Seed 


.»«<?, c«pnMi^ 


SPARTtNA, CQRD-GRASS 


Cal.l-JIou!. Cor. 8, bnu. oumlfH Tdtvfi. SlyU v 


iM. SlJc.Vb^ 


atricta. E.FI. 


>w<n->piked. 


k«rd.diann.;^ifc.2-3-erecf. S.Britain 


H,B. 


— ■ 










CYNOSVRVS 


DOG'S-TAIL-GRASS. C«l.<if2fquan-nbb.awn.rattt,. C«-.o/2««9 


l..<...ki~ 


•crUUtiu. E.B. 


crcsteil. 


ap.erec.lm.2-in,lon.;ir(fp.iilior. B. Britalo 


KB. 


s.^ 


echinatiis. e.b. 


roDgli. 


»pi/(eov.;.j»fer|.awned. .... 


H.a. 


-*r| 


pruciEfAnnU.il. G 


w-linear-spiked 


. ipik. comp. ; tpikttt. scall. — - Germanj 


ii.». 


— 1 






barren. 


pun. raccm. ;^. laperin!;. T.Britain 


H.a. 


^••^ 


caljmSria. B.Fl. 


r«d. 


rLn.er«.)tri.6-lBln.!onifl".2-S. 7. 8. .... 


H.». 


p»««a 


Cambrica- H.c.w. Welsh. 




H.». 


~«.t1 




.hard. 


com.acut.;»lip.cloT.y).liiiig. 8. T. .... 


H.B. 


»A. 1 




w.piibescenl. 


filif. panic. ; spike pub. Europ 


H.». 


— 


c14HDr. B.F1. 


toll. 


Un.lan.;pa.droop.;jl.num. .... 


H.B. 


— . — 


,iMim..,>.G. 


x./erlile. 


pan. lax. ; ipihrl. S.flower'it. Germany 


H.B. 







yellowish. 


|MH.?pri'p.obl.ou.val.orgl.ca. Switieri. 1818. 


H.B. 





ilcrilu. 


bmrea. 




H.B. 





•gUb«.H.<!.W. 


xmootb. 


pan.bran.com. ; ipiftrU-S-fl. Britaia 


H.B. 





glailca. p.s. 


glaucous. 


awl-sb.;.pi*:cI.S-fl.Kub-l.ear. 6. S.Europ 


H.B. 




loliicea. B.Fl. 


spiked. 


li,flat;»p.2ran.droopi^.l0126.T. Britain 


H.B. 





Myfiilis. B.FI. 


wall. 


awl-Bh;pa.dr;jlo.taper.attop. 6. - — - — 


H.a. 





ovini. K.F1. 


.beeps. 


lin.foldipan.ereci^o.l-S-BW. .... 


H.B. 


, 


p *ord,./or«i. 


H.c.w. Jonf-own'd. .... 


H.P. 





|»nn6m«,. -.8. 


Hungarian. 


pax. obi. ; ipiktl. T-fl. hair^-. 0. 7. Hnngary. 1S23. 


H.J. 





• prat^n^". B.Fl 




pan. nearly erect.; ipiA;l.coni. Britain 


H.B. 







Iiealh. 


smth.; ip.erec.2ran.aw.shor. G. 8. England 


H.B. 




rub™. H.FI.SC. 


creeping. 


inT.down.obo.;;lDr,long. T.Britain 


H.B. 





»;lviticum. E.F. 


wood. 




H.B. 





unlglAmii. B.Fl. 


tingle husked. 


p(in.erec.;/Dr.t3p.cuinp.awD.6.7. .... 


H.a. 





vivlptre. E.n. 


viviparous. 


iDv.auith^r.com.keet.awnl ti. .... 


H.B. 





BROfMVS, BROME.GRA33 


Spikel. imbr. irUh perfect jimtU. Cor. d/2 imi. ro 


rf.,o(i 


lUritM. 


arv^Dsu. B,FI, 


field. 


many.rib,hnir;pa.droo.lwbo.6. 8. Britain. .... 


H.B. 


L«m. 


fisper. B.Pl. 


rough. 


uft.lon.;paii.droop.lft.inlen, 7. ••■- 


H.B. 


«w(,«r 


diind™. B.n. 


wall. 


puit.erec;»ptW.erect.;j),a-ri, 6. 8. .... 


H.ft. 


r^fH 


erfcluB. E.F1. 


nptight. 


narfrin.;paB.erec;^o.8.imb. 6. .... 


H.». 


rtttt. 


^^^^^^^^^^H 






^^1 


^^^1 



TRIANDRIA DIGYNIA. 19 

BagUsli Form of ^ CoUT Month Native Yr.of Ma»d 

Ntne. LeavM,&c Flow- ofFl. Country* Introd. Propagation. 



B.FU IfdL Un, Um.; |Nni«droop.to 1 side. 5, 7. Britain H.9. 

ni6IIii.£.Fl. soft «ptfc/.ov.com.|^.imbr.5-10. .... H.^* 

R.9. moiutaiii. pan, nod. ; spikU comp^jitk. 7. 8. SwitzerU 1827. H.9. 

B.Fl. smootii. pa]i.erec.;4pti(c/.ov.8nith.linb. 0. 8. England H.9. 

B.FL fmootfa-rye. pan,spr,i$pikhoh,;jt.\0,tm,'' — — ...• H.fl. 

a^Mrfi6BiMi 3.Flt com- |Kiji.droop.;«pt/ce/.ov.lanc« •••• H.9« 

ilMit. E.F1. barren. pan. droop.; gpikel, lin. lane 6. 7. Britain H.fl. 

S.FL downy-rye. $pikel. ov. oU. ; ft, 10-15. 0. 8. .... H.9. 



AVSNA, OAT'GRASS. Cta.<^2awnl,f)alv€$, Cor. iif2uneq.valve$. Ger,oht, Sty, short Stig.feath. 

■Iploa. E.F1. Alpine. spikel, 5-6-flowered. 6. Britain H.9. Sandy loam, 

•fl aWSaccn a. B.FL yellow. pan. lax. : spikel. S flow'd. ■■ .... H.9* Hido. 

flfctai. B.v» w9d. fptiiceJ. droop. ;jlor.S-roiigfa. S.Britain H.fl. ■ 

pahNcciw. B.FI. pnbeteent pan. eree.; «iMfcef.S-flow^d. .... H.9. 

ptella. dwarf. awl-sh. stm. ang ; pan. ctos. 5. 6. Africa. 1884. H.9. 

^fmiUvhv B.r. narrow-leaved, roc, erec. ; «pifci. of 3-5 flor. 6. 7. .... H.9. 

pbBic6lDiiia.B.Fl. flat-stemmed. «pi/e«i. lin. obi. of 5-7 florets. .... H.9* 

B.B. brittle-pointed. pan.erec;y^. with long awn. 7. 8. —> — H.fl. 



TRWETTUM, TRISE^TUM. GlumeM longer than the florets, 2-7 -flowered. Under Palea with 2 bristles. 

iiiiiiin HoaLOr. Aira-Iike. pa.8pi.;6eardrefl.loo.tbangl. Switzeri. 1800. H.2U Loam. 

Pna a yl f Anicnm . R.8.Pengylvanian. pan.8len.;g-2tt.2-fl'd.;«€edvi]l. — > N.Amer.l785. H.fl. seeds, 
IwlBaiJimiin n n Loefling's. pan. l-sid. spikel. 2-fld. S. Earop.1770. H.fl. 

UU^BOrSTJSy LIVE-GRASS. Panic, compound. Ghme A-lO-flowered. Seed loose, 2-homed, 

ripWirii. lA. capillary. pan. lax. spread, capillary. N.Amer.1781. H.'R.Sandy soil. 

Pta eapUlAris. B.s. seeds, 

guMnoides. r.s. Dog's-tail. Pan. dost. vaW. awn. 8. Egypt. 1824. H.jS. 

Pfctcy oii i rw d gf . w. 

poipiiriaceiM. R:t, pnrple. pan. erect ; fl. stalks stiff. 7. 8 1822. H.3. 

9ate.H0et.Qr. hairy. pan. equal; spikel. 7-fld. Italy. 1804. H.2I. 

toOa. R.t. slender. pan. whorl; florets 6-fld. E. Ind. 1781. S.2I. 



f,PA'SPALUii. Glume ^tfolvedfl'flowered. Seed coated with the Pal€<e. 

itMrfiittn. I.. dissected. jp.alt fl. alt. apex pil. 6. 7. America. 1822. H.S. Sandy loam. 

pBriit— I. Mich, plaited. sp. alt. erect ; ^/ume ov. .... H.IS. seeds, or 

lerotiBiim. R.8. decumbent. 4p.5-tog. ;g'ltt7}i«8eUip.lanc. N.Amer.l804. H.9. parting at 

Pers* villous. ^. alt. sec. fl. vilL secund. 7. 8. Asia. 1824. 0.3. roots. 



UrUUM, MILLET-GRASS. Calyx 2-valved,flat, acute, longer than the CoroUa. 

cAfmn, E.B. common. pan. umbell. ; glume 1-fring. 6. 7. Britain H..9. Sandy soil, 

■altifldnmu B.G. many flow'r'd. many-fld.;pan.spr. fl.beard. S. Europ.1778. H.Jfi, dividing 

fsnd6xum.w, black-seeded. pan.fewfld.;g-2.3ormorener. France. 1771. U.S. plant. 

GASTKIDIUM^ GASTRIDIUM. Cal, ^valv, acute, ventrie. Cor, qf2 valv. outer with a dorsal awn, 

ioMUgenini. B.Fl. avnied. ca|. valves lane, avm long. 6. 7. Britain H.9* Sandy soil, 

MliUmm Umdigerum. E.F1. part, plant. 

BRACUYP(yDIUM, BROME-GRASS, Spikel.alt. Cal,2-vah.many'fl^d, Cor. i-ralr, outer awned 

isptnun, R.B. rongh. sp, 2 rank, hairy awns short. 6. 8. Spain. 1818. H.3. Light soil, 

■eridunmu Mexican. sp.droop.; awns long, than fl. Mexico. H.S. dividing 

Fettmea wuxitimu B.t. plant, 

D2 



TMAKDRIA DIGTNIA. 



SSCJTU, MTK. CI— — '-• fr'. 




MVaLEMBemCIA, MUHLEXBPXGIA. G^mt%-t^td,w^fmtJl friar, fc^ 



tf il i U . t. afAed. wt*L ngLl. ; yaw. ip&. 7. ITW. B-P. 

rACCBAMUM.aaCAB-CASE. Ci»- ^—fc. a-/^ U««r>«»w ■ator, ^ fcrT»iy>r. ■«* l|j 

1. 5. IbAl ism. S4I 




ntinCVM, WHEAT. CM.^\trrm.r^,-SUrg,maa,.jrd. C^.^itmU. Gtr.t 
ac'ttr^BAit. mmmrt. y. caaipr. beard. ; fL gjiUi. CT-BanUin*.... 

T.;(p.laiK:. S-flow'd. S.Earop. IBM. 

ard.;fl.pb. .... 

ioToL acvt. ; >p. riu ; jL 5. 

9. 1'flcnm-td; fbfMrm. 

tp. 4-Qcnierc*l, tmbric pab. 
srrPA, FBATBER-GRASS. CaljfaUxpeat.nU. Ctr.i,/italr. Gtr.M. Stj.dutin. Slig.n 
>6aKa. TtGt. nsMtxtd. filif. OHiroL; ftait. doog. T. &. Fnocc im. H.p. PmI M 
p«syiU.C.F1. ammea. fiIir.Kn>tn-ed;>inu feather. Briaia U.^. pvt. -' 

IStf.thort. Stiff, t 
LAGTraVS.BARETS-TAIL-GRASS. CmL^tamMtdrtleti. CtT.i^2mmrf*lnk**. Gtrm. 

6.GDeni»^ HA-Gtri 



IsDC down. ribb. oixl. 



[Imjt. Sni panted •! ock M 
rei. Cor. ^S mJoo. ti(nua| 



JKCTNPO, ilCED-GRJSS. Cd(.<^3 JiDuraialf, fcccbd, ■ratfModrei. 

IMaai.H.c.w. maaared. •(. wood; at base; g^Ll-i-fl. 7. B. S.Earop. I&IS. H.>.Ci w a iiaM 

cpigfJM. E.P1. wood. Ud. lane Panic ; fri. acuin. Britain. H-IJ, 

1. 8.FI. cooiBMii. ribbed, lird. i gt. 3-5-fl. 4. H.y. 

Mrict^CFI. nprigfaL lio.paii«r.3-4liiJaDg.;caI.gl. 6. Gennany.lBU. H.9. 

tXrLIUM,DARSEL. Cal.rflaiTt,i>tpuiUII>titalk. Car.3r>>lK>. G<r.<>«f. . 

■nfaHcK.*. beardleM. fp. Dtari; beardless. T. Eogbuid. .. 

■per^ane. E.PL ByegnM. ip. beardless iipbll. long. S. 6. Btitun. . 

I. RattrtUamam. h.g.w. Btifard. 

S. mitwtnUl. K.C.W. WMicvrth't. 

>, JSttcJntJWiUB. B.6.W. StittMy"!, 

>. E.FL keatded. tp. bcaided ; cuJ. luugU. T. 6. 




f 


^ 


TIIIANDRIA DIGYNIA. 


■ 


1 




RJWJ'" 


FutEQOf c.l.of H< 


mil, NMLe Yr.oi 




Rullud ^^ 
l<ropw.tiun. 1 


TELLIA. ROTTBOELLIA. CalqfSeaL Cor.iiiptT/<ctfloT.qfiaeu.v«i.vhitkartntarlyiqit. 


"■ 


tea tide. 


j^i.nniDd^wl-ih.; caJ.S-vuIv. 


7. Brilain 


H.a. 


Smdy toil. ^_ 


:OM,BARLEY. Cal. a-ralr. l.jlww. 0«i.rafe«<tf C. 


,r.awned,cimcatt,ilmerinfle:r.pi>inttd. ^^ 


n.Or. 


bulboDK. 


Un.aat;jp.3-3iD.3rank. 7. 


. 8. S.Earop. 1770. 


H.9.Ligkt ioem. ^H 


m. x.«. 


winler. 


Jl.henn. bearded, seeds ro . — 


— Levant. — 


H.a. ^^ 


«r ^^M 


ii.«. 


lon«-bearded. 


beards briitly, very loDg. — 


— N.Aiuer.nea. 


U.U.paTtiKgriiBU' ^^^ 


E.FI. 


wall. 


nn.flat[ «p.2-3in.U>ng,3 rank . 4. 


, 8. Briuiin. — 


H.a. 


. 


,E.FI. 


meadow. 


i>aiT.i.p.2m.long;«il.val.e.- 





H.p. 




rs,LrME.GRASS. 


1 
Cal. 0/2 ralr«, aggregate, v:ith S 


Ger. creamed. Sly.ihorl. 


Slig.*prtad. 
nneq. tatrcs. 


E.F1. 


KS. 


caI.>iivcil.;<}i.erecl;j}thUj.daii 4. 


e.Britain 


H.fl. 


RicMemn. 


1. >.s. 


Caniutiui. 


flHtj*p.DOdd.;>pftifilifld. 7. 


. 8. N.Atner. 1099. 


H.9. 


lied,, or 


rfiMB.B.».PortU|!nBe 


. i;>ftJ(t.2-fid.;Ii>T0l.brully. - 


— Portugal, 1 7 B4. 


H.a. 


ditiding o( 


kE-PU 


wood. 


ipklU.xem. l-8fld.yl.awn'd. 0. 


'■England 


H.». 


the roots. 


lfcE.Fl 




q<ft»«. a i Ml. calves smUi. - 




H.p. 





I^.W. 


Porcd|ilii«, 


>p. erect; ipiJieteU spread. 7. 


. 8, Levant. 1770. 


H.a. 





I.*. 


rtriated. 




. 7. N.AHier. 1790. 


H.». 




>■•■ 


SlberiaD. 


»p. pend,[ upklti. a logellier. - 


— Siberia. 1758. 


H.p. 





i 


lender. 


flat ;j(ifclf4.3.tlowd. beard. - 


IBOl. 


H.V. 




ORBER III. 


■ 




TRIGYNIA. Styles 3. 






A, BLINKS. CaWi 
E.FL water. 


conc.Uae. Car.qf\fH.i-cUf, Cei 
opii. eUip. lane. ent. tch.i. 


'.3-io6. Slf.ihorl. Stig.a. 


Cuju.n/'UeU. 
Light looM. 


,0. Britain " " 


H.a. 












ierd». 


TEOM.JAGGED.CHICKWEED. Cat. .jf a «r.c«r« 


lCap». '/I lell. SttdM ptitaU, round. ^^M 
■.teatei. Fti.i. Fil.i.Brmare. Sty.S. ^^ 




ov.dlip.acut. itA. T. 


B-E-Bl-nd 


H.a. 


Sandy loam. ^H 












^H 


A-RPON, ALL-SEED. Cal.qf5keelttthare>. Pit. 5. 
ildm. E.FI. fout-lcaveJ. ob. enl. amtli. atlk. g.u,, 5. 


Filain.3-5. Ailh.-2 


!<,edskidHtg-,l,ai^d. ^H 
.-tub. Capi.qflccU. ^^H 

U.n.Peall[l«a>a. ^| 


B. Eogland. .... 




CI 








^H 






.ASS IV. ORDER I. 




2TRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Stamens 4. Pistil 1. ^ 


SOW./SOi'O'GOft'. 


Ptrianlh. i-cl^. Sly.dtcUuou,. 


Stig-cyi'-'d. Ntct. 


,«r».« 


^H 


llM.I_T. 


Vin-leaved. 




6.N.S.W. 1796. 


O.^.Fi«l^t«,»,. ^H 


•. L.T. 


■Itenniite. 


clong. ub], mncr. alttn. «*. 5. 


0. N. HoU. 18ai. 


o.s. 


in ^H 


B.H. 

1 


1 


bi|iiuii.»ub,Ir.t. scg.balry. U. 1. 


0. I80S. 


O.*. 


"•"''>»■•''"- ^H 


^^^^1 




^^^^^H 


^H 


^^^^^^H 





TETRANDBIA MONOGYNIA. 


^ 


^^^ Hr«WBiiif 


EniIKh F»nnof Col.or Monm N.t1.« Vf.«f 


nnlllDd 




Hunt. Leilvirtj*f. Fluw. ufl-l. Coiipli*. lUUuil 


PruriflUqI. 


longiloliu*. B.B. 


long-leaved. Un.Ungnl.atlen.albaK. jel. a. 6. 1830. 


o.fb. 1 bcU-fiHi, 


trUiibiu. L.*. 


threc-lobed. cnneat. flul, S-1ol>ed. pa. — 180>. 


G.5. 


PRVTEA,PRaTEA. Cal.0. Car.i-cltfl. Tip^ linear, inaertid into Ike prtatt. Seed, tatitary. | 


aaer6iia. a.a. 


Pine-leaTed. slender, subnl. imooUi. <t. 3. S. C. U. S. 1801, 


0.i.P«(*(«* 


acablis. L.T. 


itemless. obl.3inMiUi;al.decumb. Jir. S. 9. 1808. 


C*. cutting., 
G.i.nnJtr a M 




crown-flow'd. laoc. oblUj. cdgcidowny. k. 5. 0. 1800. 




R. ohannel-lv'd. lui.acut. incur*, rigid. pk.S.U. — — 


cyuaroldes. b.m. 


Artichoke-lv'd. nearly round smth. illk. rtd. 3.11. 1TT4. 


G.£. iciUrait 


cordata. A.B. 


heart-lewcd. cord, smooth, enl. cr. S. 5. 17M. 


O.S. Aeel,./ 


fonoAsa. d.m. 


shewy. lancilowB.; «(fmvill. «. S. 6. 1T89. 


G.S. kept/m^ 


graodiflAra. d.h 


great-flonered. obi. round, smooth. roi.tcA. ITBT. 


G.i./r««dmf, 


hlimilu. A.B. 


low-flowering. Un. Hunt. .ilky. pur. 6.8. 1809. 


G.*. 


loDgiflora. B.M. 


long-flonered. sesg.cord.ov.abl. ir.dotrn.X. 1.4. 1TEP5. 


G-S. 


mellifera. a.b.b 


lionej-bcaring. lane, ellip. smooth, roi. wh. S.12. 1774. 


G.4. 


magulfica. *.h. 


magnificent. large,elli.wavy,sl.pub. p.l'fa. S.6. 17B0. 


G.i. 




G.S- , 


neriifeiia. b.r. 


Oleander-W'd. lin.lingul. pub. atbase. pur. 2. 4. 1800. 


G.S. 


pulcbfUa. A.B.B 


n^ve-leaved. lane, nndul. shin. pur. 3. 8, 1705. 


G.». -— 


speci6». A.B.R. 


sbewy. lanc.obllq.undul.pilos.u-.Bfl.a.e. 1786. 


G.S. 


i/J .K£J, £U'A'£J. CaJ.tntbn*caec(I,<i;-manyIi»ir». Cor.qfipclnti. Capsule tif 2 ralvei. J 


BdcuWrU. L.t. 


needle-lcBT'd. lin. smth. a Uttle liirrow'd. ic. 5. 6. N. S. W. 1790. 


O.Si.&aiflM^ 


BBgusUfSlk. 


Darrow-leav'd. lio. lan.ent. vA. 4. 8. N. HdU. 1S24. 


G.S. oadpML 






G.S. fnKw*.! 


dnerea. t.T. 


hoary-leaied. Ilu. lane. ent. S-nerved. loA. 


G.5. ««d,««* 


cerilopb'ylla. l. 


.bom-leaved. Un. blpinnatif. u>h. 6.8. 


G.5. a glim. 


elliptic^. L.T. 


clliiitie. ov.dlip.oit. S.oerv. ici. 1704. 


G.i. 


aUcifSUa. 1..T. 


Hol1y.|eaved. ov. sinuate, dent. uh. 7. 9. 180J. 


Q.». 


Uneiria. I..T. 


linear-leaved. Uo. lane, alt, >piny. «h. 4. 8. 1824. 


G.*. 




small-fruited. liUf. flat. mh. V. Diem. 1818. 


G.&. 


nltida. B.M. 


shining. lane, attenuate at bsK. wA. 6. 8. N. Hull. 1803. 


G.*. 


pugiamKram.L 


T. dagger-fruited. alL rnund. acute. tih. S. G. N. S. W. 179G. 


G.*. 

0.*. 


saligBa. t-T. 


Willow-leaved, eloiig. lane. eiiL smooth, wfc. 4. 7. N. Hull. 1791. 


1 <:£PHJiJ'ft(nf(y5,BfITOJV-irOOD. CuI.4-I<«(A. Ci.r.(«i«.iimA4-<Fi«lr. Sly.l^ng. Stig-ttfli^ 




American. ojip. tern. ov. acuin. leh. 6. 8. N. Anier.l76S. 


s.*. 1 


^P 6£OB[/LJ-Ji/J, GXOBfXJ'RU. Comnmi. Cat. imb. proper tithi^ Cwr.np.liftif 


»..irir. ito»p.<Hl 






H.9.Locmift^ 


lOBgiSlia. B.B. 


long-leaved. Un. lane. ent. auioutb. il. Madeira. 1TT3. 


G.*. ««i«g«,«l 


nudicaulis. R.i. 


naked-stalked, lane, ent. smooth. bl Germany,1629. 


H.^.diridh^Hd 


^_,«ulg&ri..B.*'.G. 


conunon. oboT.>.d(mU upper lane. bl. Europe. 1640. 


n.9.piimta»taa 

rwt. M 


^^Bc[rArr5/J,//J55iGAI'-ri{E£. Co/.t-port. C«r.<!/'lpc(.>'M. Stig.l-Ubed. Dn,pto,aU.\-<*a^ 


^^^FihgfnM. 


Becch-teavcd. opp.e11ip.lanc.dent smtli. w. & T. C. B. S. 1775. 


Q.t.Ptatlim 


^B M.Ci'GAri/S.OiEJSTi'fi. Cai.4-8-por(«l, «»[«.». Cor.B. Stf.slurt. Berry 


■ireiM. 


^■MK<>«if5U>.B.B 


narrw-leared. laoc. alt. sUvery.spott. s«1.6. 8. S.Europ.l«»J. 


H.^.L^^rm 


^Hwie«tM.Pb. 




H.a, «(h^ 


^H «tiuUU.. B... 


orieotal. obi. ov. pubea. «•*. Levant. 1748. 


C.». fayrr*. 






^i^i 



TETRANDBIA MONOGYNIA. S 

Mtatt. limit. Lam.tlLC. rlnw. iifF]. Cminliy. Ininiil. Prnpi^lkiu. 

rllLORA'NTtlVS.CBLORANTHUS. Cd.O. Cor.ieithilobedpetaU. Birrs angle-iecded. 
ia iiaifl mH i. R.*. traiUD|. cllip. unoulh, dent. <f. 1.9. CIudb, ITBI. O.^.Peal If loan. 



9. CluDB, 

cutihigt. 
Mtfmj,SUVTl«A. Cat.O. Cof.nripetaU. Stxmeni i ta 13. Brrry l-serdti. Setdlenliftnn. 
banSk ajt. dwatf. ellip. pnbes. ; item vill. ick. I.lO.W.Ind. 1090. S.^. Sandy laant 
•cttmlis. B.I. dimUnf. B. Crom H-ia atainens. n^A. 6, 17A3. S.£. Mifjwat. 

AJ'ATjIXL'Jir.AjliVilJJI.-ir'OOi). Cal.^dmled, Cirr.^ipeiait,uiilhiglttitdr, Btrrj, lingle-sadeil. 

itbiua. w. «Mte. obi. Innc. ent. yel.pvr E.Id<I. IHOl. S.^.Cutl.or aecd. 

aijTtUaliiun. Ron. myrtle-leaved, opp. ellip. Ibdc. ent. li 1819, S.^. luatlfloam. 

FCTB'OS, POTH'OS. Sfalha 1-ieattd, Spadix cyiUd. timpic. CoJ.O. Ptfalii, Btrnfi-tetded. 

nnWi*, II t stemtcM. lane. ent. ainnoth. gr. 4. 6. W. lnd. ISOI, S. y.Lxum 4' fwot. 

spcar-lfavcd. lasc- ent. S-nerred. ria. 4. 7. BnrtiBd. 1T!>1>. SJI^. parting at 
arrow-leaved, cord, sagilt. acute. gr.hr. 8. W. Ind. 1701. S.p. rnot. 

lidlieea. B.C. blnc-fniitcd. ot, cord. ent. nnooth. gr, 4.6. Jaoiaica. S.f , ■ 

SIDERODENDRON, IRON.TREE. Cal.i-toothcd. Car.tubalar. Btrryi-ceUcd. Setdiiolitarg. 
IrUUmi.*.*. tbree-Sowered. ell.lan.clonK.6r.4^<ini'd.pjb. 8. W. lod. 170). 8.3t. Peat l; loam. 

CAUtCA'RPA.CALLICARPA. Cal.TliilikU i-toalk. Cor.thOTlJiaiiiei'ihaped. Slam.i,exierled, 
oiat.m,t, hoary. ov. lane. Krr.pubee. ben. Ii. 0. £. Ind. 1700. S.£. Sandy loam. 
longififia. e.B. long.leaved. laiic.ac.appei liuirHcrr. ic.p. G. 8. China. 1622. G.$. cuClinga. 
nbSb. H.B. pink-Howered. aeiis.obov.ac.cord. pob. roi. 0. G.|t. 

LVDWrCSA, LVDWrOIA. CaLi-parUd. Car.4pttaU,ora. Capi.i-cnmered,i-ceHed, 
illernil^a. w. alternate-lv*d. lane. alt. hoary ben. yel. Q, 7, Virginia. I7S2. H.U. Peal toil. 
■' hnt lB. Ph. hairy. alt. lane.;/. axUl. solit, g<J. N.AiDcr.l81S. H.g. pariiny 

^eifTELOPE'A. Cat, irregu. t-iooth. on otu tide, irrtgu. am Ike allur. Ger.Btalk.many-ned. 
.M. splendid. wedge-sh.obl.tooth.smth.cr. e.7. N.S.W. tT6D. 0.£. Ptal^laaTa. 

cutlinga. 

9saSOeomA,PERS<yONIA. Cal.t. Cor.i-cl^,glandHatt)uibttK,(iftluuedvtistl. C«ps.l-«.rf. 
Uncar-lcavcd. tin. obi. vill. mticran. y*i. 7.8. N.S.W. 17M. G-ft. Loamlrptal. 
Innce-shailed. lane, ucnte, sinooth. yci. 6. 7. N. Hall. 1T01. O.^. culHjigi. 
Pine-leaved, lax. lilif. Bmoolb. yet, N. S.W. ISIS. O.S-. 

WRTfAfLAMBERTlA. Cor. tubular, 4-cli/t. Rt<)ep.Jlat,iiakrd. FaUule I -celled. 



hedge- hog. 



lin.Bmth.apex 3-tob.spia, r«. 0, 
Uh.Ibii. cusp. edges revol. to.— 



. N.Holl. 1824. O.ft. Sajidyloam 
-N.S.W. 1788. G.S. ^ptal.cuU. 



rlLliEA.GREVILLEA, Cor. irregular. Pet. i,rerolulr, hairy an the iniide. Ger.ocale. 

,M. Acautfaus-lv'd. piiiD.smth.lobcs Slid Jpia. g. 5. 8. N. HoU. 1823. G.^. Ptallcloam. 
Box-leaved. ellip.Kab.ben.dot.abovc.pft. 2.9. N.S.W. 1700. G.^. cultinga un- 

Baoer'i. obi. mocr. seas, pabes. bh. i.S. 1823. G.£. der a gluts, 

prntj. pinnal.oraor3forkcd.st.ro. 3.8. N.Holl. I824. G.9- ia >and, or 

UirLItr.P.5. BlecJinam-W'd.pinn.H'gni.Uu.ubl.pub.Ar.pu. C. N.S.W. 1820. G,$. mixture a/ 



i 



p 


TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 


^ 


^m ,j^^ 


Enellili 


Funnof Col.of MaBlh Nallte Yrj> 


SuitUrf 






U»it,lcc. Flo*, gftn. Cottpuj. luirw) 


Fi«vf>m 




jBBiper-like. 


aubul.; ^r.vlll. gr.tH.S. 1B«1. 


0.». p«rt, »ai 


Une&rii. L.P. 


UDcar-leaTcd. 


Un.pub.oldoncs8mth.tan.. 4.9. 1790. 


G.£^ rtadily 


mocrenQlata. t. 




obov. obi. mticr. ^.irfc 1809. 


G.^. itnke r§i 


pUuifolia. B.C. 


flat-leaved. 




0.*. 


pnnlcea. B.B. 


icarict. 


elUp.obl.nm«. edges rec. «. 1823. 


G.i. 




Rosematy-Wi 


. Un.lanc.ent.sUkyben.r.s((i.4.5. 1824. 


0.*. 


Z,O3rJTJJ,L0MJrJi. Ca( 




longitSlia. B.R. 


long-leaved. 


lin. lane, nmooth, 8crr. irft. 5.8. N.S.W. 1816. 


G.». Sandy b^ 


■ilaifolia. b.m. 


cut-teaved. 




G.£. f p«ai. «m 


LEUCOSPERMUM, LEUCOSPKRMUM. hiBJ«.i«frr. Cfli.lob«(£,>(fiA««y.Mft*Hwalt«i^ 




white. " 


liQ.wedge-ah.flat,S.Slhd. or. 8.9. C. B. S. 1790. 


G.$. Ligkt J*^ 


elllptienm. H.n. 


elUptic 


EUip, obi. S-l-tootlicd. !/eI. 5. B. 1803. 


G.*. nrttand 


ronn6auin. b.h. 


tbevry. 


eUip,; ftrael.apaLfringed.yW. 6. 9. ■ 1794. 


G.^. a MiitariH 




r.larKe.flowered 


obi. lane. »-t«>thed. yet.i.l. 1800. 


G.S- «»itpJ 


BANSSU.BANKSIA. C.J. 


■piTtid. CoT.<!fl petal. Stam. in Umbo/ corolla. Cap«.2-i:a/t«t, «a*JJ 


s'mulB. B.H. 


Rival. 


lin. elong. serr. smth. ben. .(. 1. 6. N. S. W, 1T88. 


G.*. Ptat, Ml 


altenuita. t-.T. 


smooth-flow-d. 


elong. lb. trunc. Krr. >t. I.IO.N. Holl. 1704. 


coUioa. 1..T. 


hill. 


lln. prickly toothed. .(. 13.5.N. S. W. IBIO. 


G.*. ««i«rt5 


coccfnea. L,T. 


icarlet. 


alt. obov. tooth, trunc. «. 7.11. N. Holl. 1803. 


G.i.i»m»t,m 


dculilB. LT. 


dented. 


obi. dent, teeth spiny. »I.1.6. 1823. 


S.». d(r4xl« 


ericirAliik B.H. 


Heatb-leaved. 


lin. imncemarg. smth. yet. 1. 13. N.S. W. 1788. 


G.S- ■«« ttif 


griiiidU. L.T. 


sreat-flow'd. 


iJnnatif.lobesoY.S-ang. *(. S.8. N.Holl. 1794. 


O.*. «•!. 


iiilegriftU». B.M 


entire -leaved. 


vertic. obi. lane. mucr. yet. N. S. W. 1798. 


G.*- ' 


laliiaiU. L.T. 


broad-leaved. 


obo.obl.gp.Ber.bairy ben. gr. 1802. 


G.*. 


litlorilis. i,T. 


«bore. 


lill. elong. denl. apiay. yet. 180J. 


G.S. 


marcfKcns. b,u 


marcMcent. 


wedge-sh.tniQc.deQt.8er.gT. N. Holl. 1794. 


G.3-. 


mfdia. B.M. 


iatermedlalc. 


lin .denLalten-at base .j-r.yrf. 


G.S. 


Biarginita. b.m. 


TariooE-leaved 


linc.lrunc.mai^.reTol. gr. N.S.W.lBOl. 


G.S. 




Un. prick, dent. yil. N. Holl. 1803. 


G.*. 


pukhilla. L,T. 


naall-flow'd. 


ent. accroM. nt, 2. 8. 


G.*. 


paludosa. B.n. 


matih. 


vertic. obi. cuneaLierr. 11.1.4. N. S.W. 180S. 


G.*. 


qnereifdlia. b.B. 


Oak-leaved. 


ohl. subcun. amth. aerr. rt. S. 4. 


G.lt. 


repent, l.t. 


creeping. 


pinn.lob.ti>ot.;«(.creepg.«(. S.8. N. Holl. ISOS. 


G.S. 




.piny. 


lin. acnt. revol. serr. yri.12.5. N. S.W. 1788. 


G.*. 


serritn. l.t. 


law-leaved. 


Ud. attennat. serr. it. 7. 0. • — - 


G.*. 


1 »P«"«- "-.T. 


.Levy. 


p'maatif. lobes 3-ang. fch. 5. 8. N. Holl. ISOS. 


O.*. , 


^K*f>rtkiU>tB. L.T. 


whorl-leaved. 


obl.obt.Uugul.wh. ben. Ji. 7.11. 1704. 


G.S. . 

ro«r-./!«ai 


DKr.i'ADR.J, 


DRVANDRA 


Perian.i-parled. Slame«i4,iiiseTUdiiilliclu,Uoitparto/tluhcaim^ 


arniita. l.t. 


aculc -leaved. 


pinnatif. lobei 3-anpiL yel. 1.12. 180S. 


O.i. Sandf IM 


floribdado. b.x. 


many-flowered 


wedge-ih.ent.ier.atapx. yd. 


G.*. ^dptA. 


fonnosa. L.T. 


handsome. 




G.i. ctMimft, 1 


lODgifoliB. I.T. 


laog-leaved. 


lin.plnn. acute, tom.ben.yef. 180S. 


G.i.mmd,wmStt 


Dervon. »,r.A. 


Berved-leavcd. 


pinn.lobeslanc.ac.dow. j<i. 3.12. 


G.lt. AaiKf-rbM 


oivea. L.T. 


wiiiU-. 


pinn.lob.S.ang.edgerec.s«J. T.9. I80S. 


o.». 


■ -.tol-.R.B,. 


feathery. 




G.*. 


Cl 


sleDderleaied 


lui. pimi.tranc. wh.pub. yel. 9. S. 


G.*. 








^^^H 



TETRANDRIA MOfiOGYtilAfl 

TtM l. 

BStOCLtDlA.BEUtCLFDIA. Inct.inb. PeTia».A-jmrt.Tigi^r. Onryl-ctU, Fruit opnM apex. 
Bn)U.R.Br. Baxter's. pinn.kib. ipiny; wb.ben.yd. B. D. N. HoU. 18}0. G.ft.PeatS/liiam. 

cuUingi, 
PTELiA, SHRUBBY TREFOIL. CiUyx i-parted. Petal* A-cpriaceiu. Slignuua. Setd lolitars. 
tMttaM. DC. three-leaved, tern. or. eot. imlh. irr.wA. 6.7. N.Amer. 1704. H.^, Sandy »ait. 

attd,<ir liiym. 

CaaUVS, DOG-WOOD. CaLA-toathtd. Cer.^ipttaU. Cerm.orbicvlar,cempr. NulM.S-ceUed. 

■teniieiU. &.<- altemate-I'd. all. ov. acut. nhite ben. wk. 9. N.Amer. 1700. H.i. Light loam. 

alba. K.S. white. ov.acut.pubGB.i*li,ben. irA. 6.9. SibeHa. 1741. H,^. cultings. 

eumdemaiA, d.m. CanndiBn. about D in whnrlSjClUp.ob.trA. 6. 8. Canada. 1TT4. H.U. 

CDroelianCUer. ellip. unooth. ytl. 2, i. Europe. 1506. H.i. 

pamcled. ov. acom. imtb. wli.beu. irh. 0. 7. N.Ainor. 1T36. H.£. — — — 

■frira B.F1. dwarf. opp. omt smooth. jiar. 4. Bntwn H.^ 

■■fUMBfcE.FL common. ov. pubes. cyme Qat. kH.O.T. .... H.£. 

A utrU f i f . Korieealtd. 

crSSVS, crSSUS. Calyx i-tmUktd. PtlaU i, rtfitxid. BtrTy3-ctUed,l.2ori-iiteded. 

, m.M. five-leaved. qmii.leBfl.acam.Btalk'd. fr. S, 9. Brazil. 1822. S.^.cl. iS'andg 9i>i(. 
three-leaved, tern, round, balry. red. S. 8. JnmBiea.l73e. S.i.cl.citttitigi,vii- 
Vine-leaved. cord.ronnded,deDt.vU].red. 7. 8. India. 1TT8. S.^.cl. dtr ■ g-lou, 

italittU heat. 

FRJSERA, FRAS^RA, C^i-ptrted. Cor. A-ch/t, longei' than thr. calyx. Capi. compr. \-teU. 2-valv. 

nnliiifnm r - Carolina. lancimtb.ent.opp.verL yel. 7. 8. N.&nier. 1795. H.i3. Peat If learn. 

aeedSfOT offt /rorariMt. 

BU'DDLEA,BO'DDLEA. Cai.A-parUd. Cor.i-t»olhtd. Capi.2-etUtd,2-/iirrBwed. SeedstnaHy. 

connate-leaved, lane. aerr. pubes. ben. yel. 6. Peiu. 1826. Q.^. Peal,l!gar- 

T(Hind -headed. lanc.acum.creD.limry. yd. S. 7. Chile. 1TT4. H.^. den loam. 

ijtIla.a.R. various-leaved, cord .obl.acum .den tvill. yel. S.Araer, 1826. .S.£. cutliagf. 

sage-leaved. card ate. lance re n.mg. ».cr. B, 7. C. B.S. 1760. O.i. 



fc wa faa.1 



SUCRIA, BLX'RIA. Cal.4-parted. Car.i-cUfl, Slam, iaierted in the raqitaeU. Cnjij. 4 



llid. 



hestli-leaved. dnibi. imbr. pilose. 



lO.C.B.S. 1T74. O.^.Sandy peat, 
cuttingt. 

HrrctWLtUjMITCHELLA. Ca/.8,»a 1 wwr j-tfr/. Car.fun.-th.hair.wiihin. StigA. Btr.bif.i-ieeil. 

iffcM. t. creeping. renif. smth. ent. opp. wb. 6. N.Ajner. 1761. H.£. Peat loil. 

part.atrouUjarlay, 

ttHEAfPESJEA. Cal.i^iUaui. Ci>r.compan.thetimhi-part, Capt,A-nd.A-een.tiiatediiBeiu!li. 
imbricated. rbomb. ov. acute, «Dt. r<M. 4. 6. C.B.S. 1833. G.^. Ftaltstaam. 



i-Xobed. Capsule i-celled , 



limmim. n.X. acaly. 

JietaA,ZIE'RIA. Calyx.i-elffi. PetaUi. Stt. 

M&u. B.M. Smith' 



tern.lanc.flat.ncutc,doll.lrA. 4. T. N.S.W.ISOS. G.i. Pcat^lnum. 
cuttinga. 



W TETRANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 

ifitw—ilr Eaffitk FMrmof C^tof Month Native , Tr^ 

Leaves, 4kc Flow. ofFL CoaaUy.'tatood. 



hm % k U ^ %M, bearded. opp, oM. ov. eot. if*. •. 8. £. Iiidiei.lfltS. SJS}J^mm9f fmk 

Mwikikkfm* s«ft. bothy. opp. ov. amplex. obt. w. 7. 8. — 181S. S.|b« 

rocHti. 9.M. teariet. seas, ellip. obt. nmcr. tc. 4. 8. ■ 1808. 8.^ dcr. 8, 

iMPiMilMu s.s. wedge-lea?'d. broadly lane, caneat wK 8. 1880. ^4b^gkm^ wM 

^4t€itM4 8.8. faffron-color'd. ot. lane, atten. M. -^ — China. — - S.^. ilrttt fwl 

ffindiAWa. ii.R. great-flowered, seas. obi. cord, ent «c. 7. 9. E. Indiei.1814. S.J^. /My. 

BOVYA'RDIA.BOUVA'KDIA. Cat. A'pan€d,lohe» linear. Cor.funnd-Mhtped.UmhA'd^. 

trfpbylla. B.R. three-leaved, lane. tern. obi. ae. 4.11. Mexico. 1704. 0.|^PlBBf^l 

verafeolor. ■•■. variooi-color'd. opp. lane, ciliat. red,y€k 7. 1. S.Amer. 1884. S.|b.ctil^. tr-i 

^r0ai$^UHkifitayMmijMgkm^ 

UOUarONIA, HOUSrONIA. CuLi-tooth. Cor.fimnd'ihaped^A'tooth. SHg.h^UU Capt. 

rasrftlcfa. i.M. blae-flowered. spath. apper.oppo.lanc. U.5.8. N.Amer. 178S. H.9« PM 

longl^lia. B.M. long-leaved. lin. obi. pabes. opp. jMupiir. ^— — »— 1880. H«9. •ftea/iiMi 

|Nirp6rea« R.I. pnrple. sess. ov. lane par.— 1800. H.^. IJkaflW|» 

Mr|»ylU(i&lla. B.M. Thyme-leaved. round,ov. or 8path.hairy.irA. — — 1827. H.B. ^-*~ 

VATESBJKA^ LILY-THORN. Cal.A-tooth. Cor./unnd-sluip.UmhA'M. SHg.lnJid. Birr. 

latifMia. II.R. broad-leaved, ov. orobov. obt. entire, wk. 8. 7. W.Ind. 1818* S. 
panriHdra. i.i. Bmall-flowered. ov. rabrot. macro. trJb.7.10. 1810. S.|^ 

•pln^a. R.M. thorny. ot. acut. at both ends. wh. 5. 0. ProvLI. 1798. S4b. 



HTHUTIirOLAfSTRUTHrOLA. CoL^SImv. Cor. tuhu. A-dtf. Nut.ofSgkm. Sudl. 

elllAta. A.R. ciliated. lane mocr. cili. concav. wk. S. 7. C. B. S. 1770. 0.|b. 

ar^ta. w. upright. lin. smth. ;6r. 4-sided. wh,A.S. 1798. O.f^. emiiikigt, 

Jiinlperlna. ii.s. Jnnlper-like. lin. acnt. spread. wh. 1758. 0.|^. 

Imhricita. A.R. Imbricated. ov. crowd, edges ciliat. yeL 1794. G.^. 

ovilla. A.Krp. oval-leaTed. ov. smth. ; 6r. smth.rag. tpik. — 1798. 0.|^. 

vlrgiita. N.K. twiggy. lane; 6r.pubea. nd. 1779. 0.|S> 



D' IPS ACUS^ TEASEL. Cal. douhU.wdmdidU Car.tripcl.t«M«r,4-5-jMrf. Seed ioUitarf^i 

f\inAiitiiii. K. Fl. Fuller's. sess. serr. ribs prickly. U. 7. Britain H. V. Gwrdm miU 

pil^is. K, Fl. small. tern. ov. acut. serr. stalk, w. 8. .... H.B. aMtffc 

•y I vfslris. K, Fl. wlki. opp. serr. Invol. inflex. jwir. 7. .... H.B. 

SCAHIiySA,SVAH!OUS. Cui. mtmy:/td. Cor.^emhfflpet./rmmAHid^. FiLA^epr. Setdtmk. 

«r¥^ttsU. K«FI, flekl. ent.plnn.cut.;s(ai.bristly.p«. 7.10. Britain If 11 'hmdykmj 

alrti|HirpArea,B.M, dark-purple, lane, o?, lyrate. tf. par. 7. 9. E.Indle8. 1899. H.H. medM, ar 

I'amltMIU. m\ CandoUeV Un. ent. smth. pur. irk 18S1. H.9. parf% 

gmmlalfMla. ■.«, grass-leaved, lin. ent. silky. ki. 8. Switiert 1883. H.9. ptala. 

MKH'tsa. F.FU UevHVblt. lanc.ov.pubfs.upp.Un. H.8.10.BritalB. .... H.||. 

Mabblina 8.R. WtbbV sabrot.cttn.cren.upp.pUuu 7. 8. Levant. 1880. H.^. 

KSArTIA.KNArTIA. in^^hcrwrn^mmyUmf^t. Car. 4-3-parM. RfMpteck MJkad. 

arieuialls. R.S. uriealal. obl.ent. involuc. S-104?M.r. 8. 8. Levant 1718. lULSniy 
prupoulka. w. |mrpb-8imM« pUuMtir. upp. kiac. p«r. 1788. H.B. a«a^ 



SHI^nAHMA.SHEHrRBiA. i\iL^lW,%<kfi. CW.Vl^rt<Aaai8-4-€i^ ^Ms8,i 
a i ^ f wis. Il.rt Md^wtMaiw 8UiiurliaH«alMiv.ac«t.y«i4.8. BriH^ .... H JU GoninaA 



TBTRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 27 

SyUtamOc BnglUh Fonnof CoUf Month NaUve Yr4>f SoUud 

NtBC Leavetfftc Flaw. ofFL Cosntry. lotfod. PropagittioD. 



ASPSTRULAfWOODBOOF. C€LA'fart§d. Cor. nfl pet. wked-Mluqt. A-€^ft. Fil. owI-mIui. Antk. S-ccif. 

B.FL omIL 4inawhorl.lin.app.iiDeq.6<. 7. England U.lfi. Lighiloam. 

SJ1. sw«el-«eaited. 8 io a whoii ellip. laoc. wk. 6. 6. Britain H.9. parting qf 

bitNKl-leaved. 4 or. lane. <l. 4. 6. Italy. 17S0. H.9. root$. 

narrow-leaved, lin. the lower in T's. bh, 6. 7. Europe. 1764. H.9. 



GA'UUMi, BEDSTRAW. Col. 4-4ootk. Cor. qflpet.wheO'^hap.A'el^. FU.awUikap. Anth.2-een. 

■•B* Goose-gnsB. 6-8 inawfaorl. lancmg. wh. 5. 0. Britain H.21. L^^ ain/. 

B.B* wall. 6inawhoil.lanc.fring.f.ye/. 6. 7. England H.21. parting 

•••• bearded. 6 In a whorl, stalk, lane. wh. 7. 8. Scotland H.9* roo(f, 

KB. croM-leaTed. 4 in a wfaori. ot. S-5 ribb.M7A. Britain H.9- or »udi. 

E.F1. grey. 6-8 in a whorl, lin. mith. wk* Scotland H.9* 

E.FL cron-wort 4 in a whorl, ot. hairy, ytl, 6. 6. Britain H.9* 

miifOb E.FL great-hedge. 8 in a whorl, ellip. point. trJ^ 8. .... H.9* 

paibm. E.FL leatt moantaln. 8 In a wfaori. lin.lancent wh. England H.9* — — ^ 

wnMff* B.FL amooth Heath. 6 in a whorl. oboT. wh. — ^ Britain H.9* 

tUiBe.E.FL three-flow'd. Sinawhori.hmcfl.S's. 10/^. 7. .... H.21. 

RVBIAf MADDER. Cor, of I pet. bell-thaped^ 4 or 5 toothed. Ger. qf 2 lobes. Sty. cloven. Stig. capit. 

peiegifBB. E.FL wild. 4-6inawhorl.lanc.8hin.y.g. 7, England H.J^. Sandy loam. 

^— •*■■— , « Dyer's. Ianc4n6's.app.in4's.asper.y. 6. S.Eorop. 1596. H.'9> port. piante. 

KTACVM^GETiTIANELLA. Cal.nflleqff^-eleft. Cor.qflpet.A-cleft. Caps, qf^watea, many seed. 

least sess. lin. lane. 1-ribb. yel. 6. 7. Britain. H.21. Light loam. 

clammy. obi. amplex. nerv. yel. Canaries. 1781. O.B. eeedy or 

divid, planti. 

KFESMACOCEySFERMACCfCE. CaLminute^edgeA-tooth, Cor.qflpet.funnelshap, Caps.^-ceU. 

FhehM. Lk. Fischer's. ent acot pub. ; $tm.nng. w. 7. 8. Jamaica. 1820. S.fl. Loam and 

■aaiBilB. mocronate. obt. muer. rough. wh, 6. 7. •— — — 1822. S.9* P^t, 

itbia. §a* red. ot. upper 4 together, pk. 7. 8. S. Amer. 1760. S.B. cuttings^ or 

ilikla.u upright lin. lane, lined. lo^. 6. 7. E. Ind. 1820. 6.B. parting 

ttbwideimm Jaeq. shnibby. or. acnm. ; Hem 4 com. bh.7,S 1824. S.fjb* pUmte, 

UHOPA'LA, RHOPA'LA. Col. A-Uaved^segm, recurved. Scales A. Ovary 2-8eeded, Follicle l-ceUed. 
4eflliiB. R.Br. dented. alt ot. lane. dent. gr. 5. 8. Guiana. 1802. S.|b* Peatifloam. 
ifiiiiinn R.Br. setslle-leaTed. cuneat obl. ent in 4's. gr. 1803. S.Jb. cuttings. 

PLINTA'GO, PLANTAIN. Cal.nflUtifyi'part. Cor. qf I petai^A-cl^, tubular, Ger.qf2A'CeUs. 

tUM. Alpine. tin. flat ; spike obl. IL 6. 7. S.Europ. 1774. H.9. Sandy soU. 

«.§. taO. hme. dent smth. 5-nerv.toA. Italy. H.^P. seeds, or 

BdttidLFLGr. Bellaid's. lin. lane. ; «/»iiIce ot. ^.lo^. S.Europ. 1797. H.S. parting 

Cmtuapm^ E.FL Bnck's-hom. lin. pinnatif. gr. 4. 9. Britain H.fl. plants. 

C>Mfa.B.t. ahrabby. filif. ent erect ^r. 5. 8. S.Europ. 1596. H.J^. 

lin. chann. ent gr. 7, Britain. H.^P. 



WDYCtnS, HEDYOTI8. Oa,4'parUd. Cor,tubuhryA'toothed. Caps.^-aXUd^memy'Seeded. 
.B.M.Bell-flow'd. or. obt opp. hairy. bU Braril. 1825. S.^p. 



[Xeell. Seeds many, 
CENTimCULUSfBASTARD'PIMPERNAL. CaLA-part. Cor. qf I U^f^A-part. tubular, Caps.q/ 

E.FL nndl. alt or. smooth, axill. red, 6. 7. Britain H.fl. Seeds. 

E2 



20 TBTRANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 

•jrilMmUc Ka«llili Pormof Col^ Month Ntdve Trjof S«a 

NuBV. Nune. LeBVCt,*c. Flow. ofFl. Contir. latiodL 



HANGUiSCtRBAf BURNET. CdU^lU^f.A-dtf. Cor.O. Fa.neariym»Umgm»ike€tLdm. GtrArM 

ctnad^ttiU. w. Caiuulian. pinn.; <jklcetnHmd,tong. w, 7. 9. r4inadum.lTO. VL.^,UgHmtL 

mfdia. E.FI. oblong. j|Mlcc«roaiHl;c«<.friiig. wA. 1785. H.^. 8e9i$,9r 

offidnllU, B. Ft. greftL oord. serr. pinn. ; «p. ot. pitr. 6. 8. Biitiin. .... 






F.PiMEDiVM.BARRES-WORT. Car.^4<e«c«t,cmiMf«. Cm'.^Apetab. NeeLA^l 
nlplmmi. E,F1. Alpine. tiitenul«ifl.oofd. serr. red. 4. 5. FngJand. .... H4P* X%kC 



P4Rf Crii'JtIi, 1l\l LL-P£iXirORr. C^.^flU^yA-drf. C«r.O. FS.<ltt. Gcr.««. Sif^erm. SAA^L 
oilicin4U». E^FI. cmnoMNi. or. Innc alt. S-nenr. fv. 5. 6. Britain. H.9. 



ALCHEMtLLA^ LADrSMAyTLE. CaL^ W>^.8-€l<^ Car.§. FSLmH tktf tktri. SmiV-9w^ 

alpltta. E.n. Alpine. dipt. teir. sUlt ben. gr. 7. Britain H.^. X%if 

an^«H>i». E.n. Ma;«rPankyPieit.trif. alt.eBt. gr.4.t. ...• HJL 

penUfiliflla. dc. ti««4eaTraa. * qnia. leifl. gr. 7. SwiticffL 1784. H.^. m'i 



ORDER n. 

DIGYXIA. Sttles2. 

U— ITilia. E.n. «l(ii««r. aaA^ik. tpraid. 8>ribb. «A. ft. 



»^. Viiyiaiaii braadhr d&p. amale. pcL 



HI PrOOTJr.HITrOOrJII. SgHil,ianwiff, lVta2f4,nwifM2,tfcrS 

rrectma. re. ctmx. pbm. leafi. faipinnatif. «eL S. Sheria. ITit. HJL Smig 

pMWKi)iim.v. pendntaa. Pads kncmr pend. 2 ian. peK S.PranDe.1Si8. HJL 

pnvAmhevh. nc pracnaibcsil. pinn. nmhipait. f laa. tpe*. 6. Esrapa. I59i^ HJL 

Jtf.X.fiOhLW CmLr\^\^<kf^' Car. vk«r»«db^ «i'4 pet. Ger.rmmdiak. Sto^t. S%-^ 



Aoii9fi4iniii. A.». 




I. a^i^v^fpaalM. 


^B^M^^^MA^ l^^^^^^b^ 




l.*wrm. 


»w^rt*d. 


&.^na«i«r(i*lia. 


Hm.'^-i^anfd 


4.a»>BiaanLina»i 


. «<4ili'-^id^ 


V iVn^t- 


^--»i,j^,n 


^. «m^iw mMr^99mt^. ^rM-fd^fti 




wllMr»'TnilnI. « 

• • 


1^. ^raMnni. 


wapvftip. 


aaipfwwiianai «•€ . 


naiiua haunt. Im. lane ten. 



■r4. &. ft. K JUner. 198i» FJS* 



TETRANDRIA HONOGYNIA. S9 

BnglUh Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Leaves, Ac Flow. ofFl. Coantry. Introd. Propagation. 



DC. Cbinese. ov. obL sob-tooth. wh, 7. Chimu 1814. 0,§^. 

DC. broad-leaTed. ot. lane. serr. flat. wh, 8. Caroliiia. 1726. F.J|^« 

Bahodo. dc. Dahoon. lane ellip. nearly ent. wh, 5. 6. F.jjb. 

I. dc.i Myitie-leaved. alt. remote Un. lane. wh, 7. 8. W.Indies.l806. S,§^, 

Carolina. ot. acnt. spiny. wh, 5. 6. Carolina. 1744. ¥,g^, 

tiuck-leared. or. ent shin. wh, 4. 5. Madeira. 1760. F.J|^. 

wAiGSBm, Jacq. Willow-leaTed. elong. lane. dent. wh, 5. 6. Maaritins.1818. S.jjb. 

YoiirilAiia. H.K. emetic alt obi. serr. cren. wh, 7. 8. Florida. 1700. F.J|^. 



FOTAMOGE'TON, POND-WEED. Cal,0. Cor.iff A incurved petals, Germ,A,av, Stig,obU SeedeA. 

eatkfmm B.Fl. cniled. lln. lane. serr. S-nerr. br, 6. 7. Britain H.io.^. Mud and 

fmnfneom. b.b. Grass-leaved, alt lin. S inch long. br, 7. 8. . . . .H.to.9* 9imd, 

Ifteena. Ji.B. shining. ellip. lane. 4 inch. long. ^.6.7. ....H.ir.9. in pouds, 

Inoeatttnm. b.b. lanceolate. lane. flat. ent. br. 7, 8. Enghind H.to.^. 

BiftHa. B.B. broad-leaved, alt obi. lln. upp. opp. gr, S.Britain H,w,lf, 

pcHUtttami E.F1. perfoliate. cord, amplez. 7-nerT. br, — . . . .H.tr.9. 

RfTPPlA, RVPPIA. CaL 0. C9r, 0. Anth, 4 sess. 4-std. Get, 4-5. Sty, 0. Stig. obt. Seeds 4, naked, 
■uftima. E.F1* sea. alt lin. setae. br» 7. Britain H,w,l^,Strang loanu 

SAGINAf PEARL-WORT. CdLiffAconcleav. Pet.A, Ger,ov, Stif,8h4frt, Stig, downy. Cap,rf\celL 

Bwflima. E.F1. sea. obtfleshystm.er.sm.pet0.w. 7. Ireland U.A. Saady soi/. 

eeeda. 

RADiaiAy RADIOS LA. CaL^llemf^inV^iegmente. PetaUA, Caps, i^fS eeUs, and Svtdvee. 

oilkfrfBfr E.FL all-seed. sess. ov. S-ribb. wh, 6. 7. Britain H.A. j^oady soil, 

seeds, 

TILLJEA, TILLJEA, Cal, ^8-4 kuces. Pet, t-A. Neet. 0. FU, t-A, awUsht^. Ger, 8-4. Stig. obtuse. 

Br.Fl. mossy. opp. ov. obt smth. wh. Britain H.9. Sandy soil. 

seeds. 



CLASS V. ORDER I. 

PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Stamens 5. Pistil 1. 

iNCHVSA,ALKANET, Col.^lleqf,S'parted. Cor,oflpet,funn-sha,5'Cl^ydfobt, Seeds concave. 

iftrfaiilii, B.Fl. eommon. lane narr. ; spk. imbr. pur. 6.10. Britain H.9. Light loam. 

E.FL evergreen, ov. strig. Pedon. axill. bl, 6. 7. .... H.9* div. at root. 



CrNOGL€/SSDM,HOVND'S'TONGUE. CaUS-cl^. Cor,qflpet.qf6round,seg. Ger.A. SeedsA, 

iliciotfe. B.FL common. ellip.hinc.pub.npp.8ess. cr. 6. 7. Britain H.li. Sandy soil. 

tfifiUcam. B.FL green-leaved, ov JaDC.8cabr3ob.liairy. pu. ■ .... H.B. cuHijigSy or 

div. at root. 

POLMONA'RIAy LUNG-WORT, Cal.H-angl.^-clrft. Cor,funnd-shap, Ger.viU. Seeds A,orbicular, 

mguK&aim. B.Fl. narrow-leaved, tone, scabr. upp. sess. 4. 5. Britain H.9. Light loam, 

ttirea. s.8. sky-Mae. obi. lane. acum. hisp. bl, 4. 6. Poland. 1823. H.9. pari, roots. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGVNIA. 



Unee-lcaTed. lane, ftalk. di 
ni6IlB. B.B. MfL ot.xK.eat.;ttm.bufy.]m.bL A. S. N'.Ainer. 1810, H^. ■ 
«irgiDica. VF. Vtrginiui. or.eUip.app.obOT.Uoc H. 1.5. ISM. H.f. 

LnH0SPERMUit,GROMWELL. C^-nSiteptgrntatt. Cer.fnmti-ikaftd. Stig.netckti, 
nHfltiiiumk E.F1. ks. ot. gUu. >pex recnrr, far. D. f. Bribdn B-ff. Sintfirl* 

e.B. pnrplc. alL Udc acnL. pO. jnr, 4. ,,., U.Tfi.dir.af^ 



SrStFUYTOM.COMFREY. CaLS-paried. CorMU-haptd, latkiiluOloKKgrntatt. Germ.*. 
iT.laDC.mTy,niBrg.roa. y.r. S. 7. Britwn- .... H.^. Light It 
iv.obl.upp.lra.iBS's.opp.y. S. 10. Scotland H.^.^rl. ^ 

KBORA'GO, BORAGE. Col. S-parted. Cor. whal^lupid,lketimbinS deep ug. Gn-. 4. Sted»i,tt 
^ CrientilU. w. Orientil. cord. nig. hairy. bl. >. S. Turkey. ITiS. H.||. 5^*^ « 



Britain. 

-5A11. S-parf. luarJy doMil by S 



H.a. - , ,- 

[dnrirfnypfail 



I 



vtSPEntrGOjMJDIFORr. Cal.(./llt^f,S-paTi. Cnr.fy 

pror^mbem. B.F1. Oennan. obl.lRncTou^.;rtn.pnK. lU, 4. S. Britain H.9. S 

LYC</PSIS,BUGLOSS. Cid.i-eU, Cvr.o/I pel yim.'ib.S -par. Gn-.4. Sly.Mrnd-ah. Sti.H«« 
.n. small. lane. dent, recur*, hifp. M. 5. 8. Britaia H.fl. 5 



lane. »Uky, viU. bl. e. T. C. B. S. IT89. G.S&. Loam,lslt4 

OT. tubercul. haity. pvr. 8. S.Enrop,1834. H.S.nwk/d^^ 

lane. nery. hoary. U. S. 6. Madeira. ITTT. G.£. cvftnyi^ 

obi. lane, hispid. red. 1. 9. Levant. 166S. H.fl. or (mA. 

lane. htucBtlenuat. Till. pk. G. G. C. B.S. 1TS9. O.^. 

lane, not.; fir.ailky. pur. 4. 8. Canaries. I TT9. G.^. 

grand iQ6runi. B.H. large-floif'd. lane, ample x. blip. aboT. rot. 6. T. Madeira. 1T8T. G.^, 



mtntenm. w. tilveiy. 
■mti^e. w. oval-leaTed. 

cindieaiu. w. boary-tree. 
cT^tieum. w. Cretan. 

fnilic6nun. w. shrubby. 
faatatHU. 



fp^ntjum. n. gigantic, 
glabrum. w. Bmooth 

itUicum. w. wlilte. 

parviddnim. H.k. small-flowered. 



violiceom. w. Violet>6ci«r'd. ell.lan.Tnbesfaon.tbancal.A. - 
I CBKINTHE, HONEY-WORT. Cal.parttd. Car. tubular, 



lane, base attennat. pil. wb. T.ll. Canaries. 1T79. G.£. 

lanc.imth. edges rough. icA. 5. 6. C. B. S. 1791. G.$. 

tin. lane, white, hairy, uii. T. Jeney. H.S. - 

obi. ; Urn. erect, fork. bl. T. 8. Barbary. 1T98. H.a. - 

- Austria. 16Se. H.B. - 

-i.Umb5-cItJt. Nalti^Kuk 



greaL 

ipotted. 
NAVCLEAyyAVCLEA. Co/.m 
Adina. B.R. Myrtle- Icavtd. lane. smlh. opp. 

Cadiunba. Roi. broad-leaved, broadlyelUsubp.ni 



ellip. smth. obt. ytl. 1. 8. S. France. 1S96. H.a. LigU t* 

amplcx. ent. smtb. ytf. G.10.Au9tria. IS70. H.a. tiUt, , 

amplcx. ent. ipath. yel.rtd. 6. T. S. France. 1 sot. H.B. — 



n.S'parted. Cor./uiintl-ihap.S'lobed, Cop), 2-cf U<d, S-raJMi 

China. 1804. GJ&. £MM,ti 

E.Indies.l8S3. S.^-flwoM. ml 



PENTANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 31 

SysifBatk Bnglisli Fonn of CoLof Montb Native Yr.of 8«U and 

Name. Le«rei,&c. Flow. ofFL Country. Introd. Propagation. 



UYOSOTTIS, SCORPION'GRASS. <Ud.5'part.^u^fwafd^^wn. Cor. Mltiir^siu^ed. 5-c^ft. Gtr.4, 

alpteris. B.FL rock« ov. obt. stalk, hair. R 6. 7. Scbtiand. .... H.lfi.Lomm^peai. 
rafieoU. b«b. dividing 

paMitrii. B.F1. Foiiget-me-not« aess. obt. 1-S inch long. R 4. 8. Britain H.^. ai not, 

•ylfitiea. B.i. wood. obL obt obov. fring. bhyeL .... H.9. ^ ^ 

IT. dwarf. obl.lan.¥in.;sfiM[.fbw-fl. R 0. 8. Europe H.9. 



[Aidk tione hming 2 Mfdk. 
TOURNErORTIA^TOURNEFORTIA. Cal.fi'part. Cor.Mlver-shap. Sttg.peltaU. Ber.2-Honed, 

fnitiedn. B.R. sweet-scented, dong. lane liisp. ycZ. ^. 6. 7. Canaries. 1800. 0.^,Loaml^peuU 

kuilSlia. lanrel-leaTed. or. obL acut. smth. yd, PortoRico.1819. S.jjb-^ cuUmg$m 

Tsttbilis. w. cfimbing. ov.acnni.smth.; s<iii.twiB.^. 7. 8. Jamaica. 175S. Q»§^xL ■ ■ ■ . 

C<yRDIA,C€yRDIA. Peritmih.iifl'Uqf, tubular^ toothed ai the apex. Cor.fiameMuiped,4'B-a^» 

Genichintfans. w. Spanish-elm. lane. ov. scabr. pk, 0. W.Ind. 1789. H,^.£hmdyloamf 
Se b c a tfaia. b.m. rough-leaved, ov. obi. scabr. or. 6. 8. 1728. S,S^*tflet^pMuld, 

PTXIDANTHKRAy PYXIDANTHERA. Cal. S-parted. Cor. eampanuiaie, S-cl^, 

barbaUlB. Mich, bearded. wedge-sh. lane. acut. wh. 7. Carolina. 1806. F.'9» Peat t^ loam. 

parting at rooL 

hEERTNGIAyDEERrNGIA. Perianth. 5-part. Sta.Sf0pp.the9eg. Sty.Z-part. Stig.obt. Ber.t-M. 

eelosiafdea. B.M. Celoshi-like. alt ov. acum. ent tr&. 8.10. £. Ind. 1804. SJB.Peat^loam. 

eMtt^areeede. 

HEUCOTNIA^ WILD PLANTAIN. Cal.O. Pet.Z^obl. Neet.rf^pieeee. Caps.obl.^-ceOed. Seedl. 

Bihai. stalls, obi. ent erect or. 7. 8. W. Ind. 1786. S.9. Peatifloam. 

8eede,or die. plant. 

[NVLAf BELL-FLOWER. Cal.qf5-deepseg. Cor.beU^sha. Ger.ang. Sty.JUi. StL^ort-d^. 

MpbuL Ba. Alpine. hinc. serr. upp. sess. bl. 6. 7. Italy. 1823. HJ^^Light Uhem. 

asrci^ta. R.S. crowded. sess. wavy, lane, dent |m.6^ 7. 9. Bavaria. 1824. U.J^. §eed$,or 

oAres. b.m. azure. ov. obi. sess. serr. bL 6. 7. Switzeii. 1778. H.lff. parting at 

birbAta. b.m. bearded. lanccren. ; «tm.pubes. 2t.fr/. Italy. 1752. H.J^.the roots. 

BdttrdL b.s. Bellarde's. ellip. lane, dent stalk. 61. 6. 9. 181S. H.9. 

fcsanni^mh. b.i. panided. seas. ov. lane, scabr. ben. M. 9.10. 1778. H.^p. 

CMpAtkica. B.t. Carpathian. cord. serr. stalk, smth. bl. 6. 8. Car. Alps.1774. H.9. 

capteds. B.S. Cape. lane dent hispid. 62. 6. 9. C. B. S. 180S. G.fl. 

>«.!• Caocaaian. obov. undul. acabr. 62. 7. 8. Cauca8U8.1804. H.||. 

B.r.o. Forked. aeaa. ov. dent, hairy. 62. Levant. 1827. H.fl. 

B.C. Wttcr. obl.upp.lin. 62. 5. 6. Switierl. 1816. H.^. 

ibaertte. £.FL chistered. ov.cren.hairfyapp.ampx.jNi. 5. 9. Britain H.||. 

^ficca . E.FI. Ivj-leaved. cord. smth. angid. jwr. 62. 5. 6. England H.9* 

hdAUa. E.FL broad-leaved, ov. hmc. eren. rough. 62. 7. Britain H.||. 

hctifl6ra. B.K. mBk-white. ov. hmc. serr. $ «2iM.hisp. w/k.7. 9. Cauca8us.l814. H.9. — = 

Flax-leaved. obov.r. npp.lin.lanc.dent 62. 6. 9. Sweden. 1816. H.||. 

Canterbiiry-beD.lanc. serr, sess. S-nerv. wh. Oennany.1597. H.B. — 

pjiMriililii ■•• . Pyramidd. ov. hmc smth. 62< 6. 7. Camiola. H.V^ — 

L-«tfMu whUe^Uwered. 

t.««ndM. 62Be>/Moaf«d. ... 



^^En PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 


^ 


^^H^ SfiuiBVIc En(il)ti Fonnof Cel-of Month yalwr Vr.ot 


sollal 


1 Nan' Niiie, L«.«,*c. Flu-. ulTl. Cognlry, IMiad 




pfimila. B.R. dwarf. stalk, of. cren. hi. y:li. 6. 9. SwiUeil 


H.». 


pat&la, E.FI. spreading. elUp. Unc. cren. rough. W. T. 8. BritiUn 


H.B. 




H.». 

He. 


poiflln. U.S. small. cord.l(.b.8mtl.up.ell.den.M. Eur.Alpa 


peracifiilia. F3.D. Peach-leaied. obor.upp.Un.lanc.serr. 6t 7. 9. Europe. 1566. 


H.B. 


1. itba. tphite-fioicertd tcA. .... 


H.|l. 

H.e. 

H.B. 

H.». 

H.e. 


S.eirriitea. Iilue-flowcred, bt. , 


I. ilbo-ftort-oleno. dmbU-ichile tek. .... 




Raplinciilua.E.Fl. Bampion. obo». cren. opp. lane. 4/. 7. 8. Britain 




H.e. 


«ped6s. B.M. Bhowy. ov.cord.italk.upp.aeM.pu. 5. 0. Siberia. IBIS. 


H.e. 




H.«. . 


Trnclielium. B.B. Settle-leaved. ■»rd.lanc.»err.;»Jm.ang. 6J. — -Britain 


H.e. 


lenlcolor. R.s. yarious-col'd. cord. ov. undul. leir. 6/. Greece. 1788. 


H.e. 


WAHLENBERGIA^WAHLENBKRGJA. Cal.o/i-Iiiuurug. Cor. btll-tka. limb S-hb. Slig.t^ 




H.e.s~i, hS 


CampinuU eroHdiftdra. B.M. 


ADENOPHORA,ADENOPHORA. C<>l.a-pan. Cor. cancan. S-cJ^. C«pj.S-(riW,»-orf»i 'J 




H.R.tvUI..^ 


denUculata. B.F.G. tooih-lcBved. i^rd.iipp.ov.lan.pub.den. 6J. — 


H.e.'.rd..«-4| 




H.e. cUlv4 


marjapUfiora. B.F.n.Lellied. «talk.8err.lowercord. bl. — 1818. 


H.e. ~.i. 1 


Campinyla eoronAla. n.d. 


1 


itjl6sB. B.F.O. long.»tjled. ■H.obOT.sinuat.upp.ov. 6J. 6. 7. 1820. 


He — 1 


^^^ PHVTE-UIUA, RAMPION. Cal.S-pan. CBr.wheel-iha.d-clfft. Capi.ifi or i cell: Slig.'2<,rl-etM 


^^M coni»a.Wul. comose. deoL lower cord. dk. bl. ^ Austria. 1TS2. 


H.9.5ai><lylMi 


^^f lieniLsph>rica. w. linear-leaved, lip. neariy eat. bl. Swilzerl. 


H.p. ^ndr»d. 




H.V.diridJv 




W.1fi.t\tn»l,m 


iplcila. Fl.D. spiked. cor.doahly-looth.;i(.Uair.*(. Europe. 1597. 


H.p. mdA, 




H.B. 


^H LOBELIA, LOBELIA. Oa.itltft. C«-.irrf^B-}wrt. G«-.«Bt». Stig.bairy. 


rop..^a.ri<j 


^^f wn'MU. n.i. beautifol Mm. broad, lane seiT. M. 6. B. N.Amet. 1B12. 


H.V.S.»4hl 


^^ arglita. b.r. fine-toothe<l. Iln. lane sen. smth. jkI. B. 9. Chili. IBM. 


s.p. ,^U4 


aiaargem. A. rep. asiurgent. lane. lerr. decurr. p\ir. — W. lod. 1T8T. 


H.a. I>v«.< 


hicolor. B.M. two-colourni. obi. dent. pTibes. pur. bl. C. B. S. 179S. 


bellidiiolia. w. Daisy-leaved, ov. deot. bairy. W. 5. T. 17W. 


G.V. iiMi»m 


corjmb6sa. B.M. CorjmbMe-fl'g.ov. orble. upp.Ud.serr. icA. 6. 8. IBSS. 


G.p. (Jkr twH 






curilea. B.M. blue-flowered. Isncdent. pinoatif.pub. *I. C. J. C. B. S. 1B3S. 


G.*. , 




G.p. . 






declirrens. winged-stem'd. ov. lane. sen-. piir. fl. Chili. 1820. 


p.p. 

H.p. . 


Erioos. B.M. ascending. lane dent. jrtemflcKu. W.^^C.B.S. 


«rinofdfta.w. tr«aing. obi. dent.; i(™ trailing. 6(.— I7S9 


G.B. 


ftlgens. B.ti. fulgent, Innc.tooth, rtTOl.jK.pnb. m. 5. 9. Mexico. 1809. 


F.p. 








^^^^^^H 



pap 


i PENTANDUIA MONOOYNIA. 


1 


■H 




a1sll.l1 Fi>tn.„f Cul.of H..i.<h N.llv. Tr.g 


wuid 1 




Nunt- Umsac. Fiu». ofH. cnuuirj. lurim 






SrfdiB. B.». 


ilenUer. ot. pdI.; »Umin\A. «. 7. 0. N.S.W. 1801. 


o.a. 





rx-dodotde.. ». 




H.p. 




Uitto.w. 


hairy. ov.looth,;*(.bairy,proBtr. W. fi. 8. C. B.S. ITS9. 


G.p. 





DidfifiL «.if . 


Holly.|e*»ed. ot. nndiil. deut. k*. ,,«r. 5. 9. IBIi. 


G.B. 





riit«.w. 




G.». 





liM>ril.B.t. 


llnear-leaveil. lio. smth. ent. bl. 1781. 


G.*. 


1 


miiAU. B.M. 


small. spat. etit. flmtli. nod. bh. 1773. 


0.|l. 





pfaMoBa. A.«p. 


Pine-leaved, lin. crowd, ent. W. 6. 0. 17S9. 


G.». 





prwlunben. 




G.a. 







p. purpUsh. ov. lane. enl. serr. pur. 6. B. N. 8. W. 1809. 


G.p. 





ntAHa. B.1I. 


Ihick-stemmeii. obo.lan.aciim.serr.imtli. ;iii. Hayli. 1830. 


o.p. 


—- — - 


•ipbiUtic*. B.B. 


blue Cardinal, nv. obi. acut. serr. A/. 'J.lD.Virginia. 16G5. 


H.p. 






blnepediiDeulat.lanc. liD. pinnatif. M.e.7.X.S.W. 1824. 


G.*. 







.R. sbrubby. obi. uuUi. »err. red. 1. 7. W. Ind. 1786. 


S.i. 




Tdpiu ■ J.. 


MnUein-W'd. ov. obi. acum. dovmy. rid. O.lU.Peni. 1824. 


F.V. 





HTunlUm. 


violet-colailred. obl.smth.aerr.up.lan.cil. tiu. 8. 9 18S0. 


F.p. 




ONDvE-n. 




H.p. 






one-loothrd. laDo. opp. rnntb. 1-tooth. hi. C. I). S. 17D4. 


G.p. 





nriiAlU.B.iir. 


vBrious. leaved, lln. dent. yet. 1812. 


o.p. 




/POJfOPS/S, 


IPOiaOPSIS. Cal.5-p<irUd,hbttacvli. Cor. campnnvlate, limb 5-clf/l. 




H.S«-.E«.B. 


elegant. piunatir.fleiby.lulitslin. sc, 8. T. Curulina. 1720. 


G.B. 


Loam, and 


CiatM MnM>pifAtia. A.R. 


IrnfiHoald, seeili. 


WFiTIEJVS, 


BALSAM. Cat-qfileatci. Ctr.irrtgn.qfSHHtq.pclnU. Capi.o/a 


cclli,andhvalva. 


bidan. B.r.(i. 


t»o-flowered. ov. terr. peduu. 2-fld. sr. 6. 0. N.Auier 


H.a. 


Sandy Joom. 


NdO-«*-Uiig«e 


E.F1. Touch me not. alL ellip. serr. atalk. ytl. England 


H.a. 


Medt. 


p>mllora. d.c. 


eiuaU-flowered. ov. acum. scrr. j/d, RumId. 1828. 


H.a. 


■ 


SJJTOLUS.BROOK.B'EED. CuJ.^lteq/^S-Jr/. Cor./unn->ha.5-ctt/. Capi.o/lc 


l,ii.-ilhSrti:ur.Mli!. 


1 tifartam. E.B. 


wBtetPimpeniel. ov. obt cut, smth. vA. 7. 8. Britsia 


H.Tfi.Sasdy loam. 
dwidMrwI. 


^KcBir^ 


CENTAURV. CuJ-a-cW". CoT.nlrer-iha.i-paH. Gtr.c^wp. CajM.2-«U.^2raIr«. ' 


^^^Blta. B.v.G 


aggregate. Epntli.obtopp.eDl. 1-ner.pfc. 3.10. Genoany. 1834. 


H.9. 


Saad, loam. 




. common. 0*. lane. 3-ribb. Biwlh. nt. 7. 9. Britain 


H.a. 


Ktdi. 


^^^■ik*.!. 


broad-leaved. ellip.S-7-ribb.;i(m-3-clft,r<M. Lancash 


H.a, 





^^^fc.B.B. 


dnaif-tufled. lin. obav.obt. roir. - — ^ Britain 


H.a. 




^^KkF.sr. 


Ma. obi. lane. ; item forked, yel. S.Europ. 1T77. 


H.a. 





^Hp>- Ef 1- 


dwnrfbrancbed.obl. ent smth.; li.ang. p A. 9. 10. England 


H.a. 





^^^K0^7J, Ci/IR'0A7J. CaJ. S-jurtfJ. Cot. rBtaU, 0/ 5 pelaU. Cafi.i-celU 


. 




H^HdfUia. B.M 


narrow-leaved. lin.»pre«d.Cor.dainniy.r«i. 0. 9. C. B.S. 1800. 


O.i.Uamlfptal. 


■ Wdfer«.B.K. 




0.*. 


eutlingn. 


H -'-rMiiiiii B.M. 


crou-lcaved. obl.liu.deciu.itl.ihr.bai.rtM. 1789. 


G.5b. 





■ fWteCd.. B.M. 


shrubby. lanc.haliy;rt.»bnibby. rw, 8. 0. 17S6. 


G.i. 




■ JMiBOido. B.I1 


Jaimine-Iike. opp. lane, cnt, pt. 4. T. 


G.S. 





■ faM«^B.M. 


Oai-leaved. opp. lin. smtb. m. 178T. 


G.S. 





^yPiCTfil/J, WOBW-GRJSS. Coi.S-pari. Cer./iniMl-jfca.limfcS-cfj/l. Cop».a,2-tcH.0jiiI i-rnfrrd. 


^^■g^faidiea. b.m. percDmal, opp. ov. smlb. eul. rtd. 7. S. N.Amer. 1094. 


H.9.Xaam4-p<a(. 




F 


WieiJ.-trool. 



IP 


PENTANDKIA MONOGYNIA. 


■ 


■ 


H ».».« 


Eik«llth Funnof Col.oC Honlh Nitlve Yr.o 




SollUj 


^^H _ 


N»mr. L«vts,&t. Flow. ofFl. Oualry. Inlro 






^^B CLAVrONlA 


CLAYTONIA. Cal.imlr. Cor.ofS-pei. Stig.i-fid. Capi, l-cfU. 3-ralr. 4- 3-««<,^ 


^P aliinofdes. B.M. 


Chicki™ed-]ike.spatul.OTnt(>,ent..inth. trfc. S. 6.Noot.Snu.lT94. 


H.9.PA.f,<»4d 




0. spatnla-leavcd. spath.ent. smth. S-nerv. car. N.Amer. 1789 


H.9. lidfc Joo^ 


gnindiHo.a. b.f 


c.large-flowcrtd.lin. laoc. attenoBl. pk.~ .... 


H.e 


«rf., »1 


pcrtbiwa. B.M. 


perroliBte-lv'd.ov.rIiomb.npp.cannate. «■*. .^9. IT94 


H.g. 


jr,«./J 


^^ Mbirica. D.M. 


Siberian. ov.snilb. nerv. ent. rojt. — Siberia. ITflB 


H.nMuoffl^^ 


^L lirgiQianH. B.M. 


Tlrgiaican. ellip.eDt.nnth. Pet.Qotcb. ic. 3. 5. N.Amer. 1T48. 


H.». 


^tA<t«| 


^^1 


XStii. tieitted » 


^H «BP£T/OJ>r, SPt/RLESS V/02,Er. Cal.S-part. Cor.^tfS-pcl.lhtlofcermuchlhfUirgciil 


G.r..'a 


^^B miiltnne. b.f.o 


. kidney-ihaped. renif. smth. dent. bf. i. 5. N. 8. W. 1B2S. 


F.|l. S..J, uJi 


■ 


[SfUnfmBuld. oiHi 


tgt, or 


^■y-m 


^H rrOLJ, K/OiET. C<.l.<l/'5c,Mifeae«. CBr.^5KBf,K<.(prtak,.p«rre<i. Cop.. -/l .««, iihI 8 wJtK^ 


^■uflA».w. 


tno-flowrred. renif. eerr.; Xip, ent. ycf. 8.1D. Eorope, 1TS2. 


H.^.^OKdylMg 


^V Mlnrit*. w. 


iporred. ov. ; slip, tooth. bl. 3. 6. 


H.«.^[.q^n.iia 


^^ CUBdindi. w. 


Canada. cord.batt.serr.lBrge. «-h.Ttd. S. 7. N.Anier. 1783. 


H.|).tWli.^..J| 


■ comAta. b.h. 




H.».p„l.;W«)i 


Bny\c6mit. E.F! 


dwarf-ycllim'. cord. alt. rigid, enith. U. Britain 


H.e. 


1 


grardifloni. l. 


grent-flowereil. obi.; .(Jp. piunBlif. ytl SwiUerl 


H.». 




birta. e.R. 


hairy. cor,liairy.creD.;rtip.lan.den. 6. 8. England 


H.». 


. 


Kilea. B.B. 


yellow. obl.cren, friog.; iliypal. ytl. Britain 


H.». 





lictea. E.B. 


crcain-calaured.ov.lanc.cren. ; slip. jagg. u-A. England 


H.e. 


■ 


monUDH. B.H. 


mountain. cord. npp. ov. acul. *(. — Europe. 1683. 


H.D. 


■ 


odonilB. w. 




H.V. 


• 


irhitc-jtoiMrrd. • ■ »ft. .... 


H.». 
H.». 
H.|l. 


S. <ar6lta. 






Mm. 61. .... 


■ 


4. nrrfilMpi™ 

5. piilido pliBi 


i-dauble-biae. H. 


H.B. 

H.e. 

H.». 

H.B. 
HB. 




u Navolittm. pa. H. .... 








j''ll'T'°<. «.»'^".in»VL..„urnf, »ur_ 




pal(i.tris. E.FI. 


manb. kidncy-ih.smtb.veiny ben.t. S. 6. .... 


■ 


|,tdit>.. DC. 


pedBte-lea»cil. manj-parted. wg.Un.lan. p«. S. B. N.Amer. 1759. 


ll». 


1 


palmaw. B.»C. 


pubnate. bart.lob. palm, pubea. W. 5. 7. Vifpnia. 17J2. 


H.». 




prvmArsa. b.r. 


bitten- rooted, ov. obi. cncall. dent. yd. 1827. 


H.B. 




pspllionucea. Pb 


variegated. cord. cren. a little lialry. U. 1800. 


HJ. 




piDDid^ w. 


wing-leavEd. pinn. multipBtt.ieB.loh.piir. Europe. 1752. 


H.B. 





Btriiitj. w. 


streaked. ai.cord. Bcum.pubca. yLH.i. N.Amer. 1772. 


H.B. 





lric6lor. B.B. 


tJirce -col oared. obl.cren.alt.;sftp.pinn.(r.y<( 4.11. Britain 


H.B. 




unifldm. w. 


one-flowcrtd. rcuif.iipp.ov.acum.clcnt. yfl. 0. 7. Siberia. 1774. 


H.B. 


■ 


K£fiffJSCtfiH,Wl/I,t£/N. Col.o/Stqualisg. Cer.vluel-sha.5.,1,^. C«p>.m:. 


on«tu,tfi^4itiM 


BlattJiia. E.FI. 


moth. Ehiii.serr.imth.Bmpl». ycJ. r. 9. BriUtn 


H.B.5'md)'.a4 


BoerhSvii. w. 


annual. lyratc^u.up|i.obl.Eerr. yd. S. Europ.lTSl. 


H.a. 


««l.,.ri 


cAprpnm. D.fil, 


capper-colored.cord.av.mgoE.cren.wooll, CA. 5. 8. Hybrid. 17B9. 


H.B. 


irf.pto*^ 




rusly, ov.cord. rug.cTcn. hairy. pNr. S. Earop.ISSS. 


H.B. 


' 


fonnAMini. B.R. 


Fiachers. obl,«aDBtb»c cord.j,«/.pur. 7. 8. Hiissia. I8I4. 


H.B. 




LjrchDilis. E.FI. 


while. cren.ell. obl.downy ben. yri. D. S. Britain 


H.B. 





n)gmm.w. 


dark. cord. obi, undul. cren. pub. y. England 


H.B. 





palTernlf ntum. e 


D. iHiwdercd. obi. finely wrr. wooUv. yri. 


H.B. 





phixDiceiim. p.» 


purple-flow'd. ov. cten. naked. ' pur. 5. 8. S.Europ.lSSG. 


H.B. 


' 




larjje- flowered, ov. lane. dent, upp, scsa. ye/. ». Britain 


H.B. 




^^^^^^^^H 






^^1 



PENTANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 



yPBILA, NEMCTPHILA. Cat. lO-cl^. Cor. camp. S-tobed, lobei notch. N«l. 10. Gtr.hairs. 
Mdca. B.M. PhBCelia-like. piooadf. segin. obl.cUiat. W. C. 9. N.Araer. 18a2. H.Jl. Gardtn 

(uun. ued», , 

''BA.raORfi-APPLE. C«l. S-looth. Cor./iiiiHtI-iha. vilk i painted equal lobti. Gtr.o/icelh. 
«Uk. B^a. liDm-itemiued. OT-lancuDd nl.btdry. ah.pitT. 8. 9. Cuba. ISOS. K.3. Sasdy eoU. 
i. w. purple. ov. aogul. rio. G. 9. Egypt. 1629. H.a. tedi. 

B.B. downy. cord, siib-enl. pubei. icft. Asiu. 1j9G. H.iS. 

■iam. E.F1. comnicia. ov. siauat. Moth. loft. Z.lO.Eiiglond. — H.S. 

tCYAMUS, HENBANE. Ca!.efl.lenf,witkSc>iualMg. Ctr./uim-sha.S-part. Cepi.ofZcelU. 
Wr wbite. Btalk. simial. Dbt. if, pur. T. S, Greece. 13T0. H.TL. Suaiiyloam 1 

,W. gddeD. italk.deDt. acuL yti. pur. 3.10. Levant. 1640. G.^. uadpeat. 

BJFI. common. uaplei.siaual.downy. ji<I./ife.G. T. Britain. H.B. arnji, or 

Mm. M.M. purple-flovr'd. alt.ov. acut. tmih. pur. 3. 4. Silieria. 1T77. H.y. cHttinft. 



a. B.v.c. early. 
fm. Jttmdragdra. l. 



obi. lane. oIjI. and. vitl. y<J. 1. S. Swilzerl. 1B19. H.^.Peatltloam, 



lie USI, CAPSICUM. Cal.i-cli:fi, Cor. rotate, S-parled. Berry jaictkis. 

m.ir. Bird. pepper, einp.lanc.is'finshnibby.u'h. 6. 0. W.Ind. 1T3I. S.i. Loam^ltqf \ 

Hci e . w. Cbpnypepper. frt. ob'. ; Item shrubby. ■). 5. S. ITS9. S.£. mauld, ' | 

M«> w. sbrnbby. Frt, glob. ; item erect, ich. 0. 0. India. If356, S.$. mdi. 

hw. W.en. pendulous. frLobl.; «l«nislinibby.irft, 4. T 1804. S.$. 

rtrSA, BEAR'S-EAR SANICLE. Cor.rotBtt. Stig. capitate. Capa.l-eeUed.obhtig. 
M. a.M. sbort-calyx'd. cord. lob. scrr. pubei. H. i. 6. AuBtiin. IS96. H.V.Saiiili/ loam 
[and peal, seedi, or diridinj- at root, 
KCATBEON, AMERICAN COWSLIP. Cal.S-eti. CiiT.i^iptt.i<uer.inttib.^cat. Capi.oU.l-cet. 

i. B.M, Mcad'i. obi. (nitb. dent. li. Virginia. 1774. H.lfi. Peat If loam. 

IbifiAra. white fiitaermg. [parltng' at root, or serdM, 

iANE^LLi.SOLDANE'LLA. Cal.5-parted,ifgHi.lanctol. Cor.campa. CapLObl. Seedimans, 
■ ■-H. Alpine. orbic. amth.ent. bl. 4. Snllzcrl. I0S6. H.^. light loam 

na. B.F.G. mountain. renir. uudnl. crcn. bi. BabDmia.lBlO. H.ff. and peat. 

•ii. 8.R. teedi, or di- ' 
». R.F.G. least orbic.cren. ;Kapcipub, p.il. 4. S. Cnrp.Mo.l82D. H.)^, cid. alruot. " 
kv.r.G. leuer. rot.cord.iubrep. creu. p.R S.EurDp.lS34. H.$. 

SNGELIA, SPRENGE'UA. Cat.S-purt.imtiri. Cor.5-cl<Jt. Stam.imer.inlhertctp. Caps.S, 
ita. ■.M. fieA-coloured. ov. at^um. pk. N.8. W. 1T93. G.f.Pmf^Jaam.. J 



BBSOKIJ, ANDERS ONIA. Cat. 5-part. col. Cor. the length qfciUsx.Umb bearded at the ban. ' 
tdloldei.B.M. Sprengolia-like. ov. acutn. >pread. pk. 5. N. Holl. 1803. O.^.Feat ^buot, J 

CRISjEFACRIS. Cal.i-part, C'T.tubu.limbi.eU/l. Ger.Mmlh.baelwiHiiseaUe. Stig.&-Uik. i 
efiUa. Dioima-leavcd. ellip. «mlb. eut. wA, 4. 9. N.Holt. 1830. G.^. Sandy ham 

iflDn.B.N. cnuuoo'flow'd. or. acum. niiicr. cr. l.fl. N.S. W, 1803. 0.*. ■Ndpcaf. 



PBNTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



Eullltk 



>r M-Dit 



HS. IsDC. actit. mocr. ros. S. S. V. Diem. 1S84. 0.|t- t'tttHf^i 

' nkrophflla. &.l>. aniall-leaved. cucull. acuL spread. vh. 5. i. N. S. W. 1817. 0.i^. MMlt. ' 

obluBitolia. Ex.I). obtiiK-leB«ed. lane, iinbric. eA. 4. S, 1804. CJ. 

porpurstwiu, b.p. purple' flow'd, cue. nearly leu. »pex rec U. 1. S. — tSOS. G.^. 

jmngnii. H.M. 

pulcli^lla. B.C. liaodsoine. cord. imbr. rigid. itk. 4. 6. 1804. G.^. 

ipre*dlng. leai.oT. urtriang. mncr.wfc, 18*9. G.J, 

\ ZySltfEMA, tVSIffEMA. Cul. ctlourtd. Bratl. nvmer. Cor.talvtT-tlM.<tflenS-p<irt.thfeg.bi 
■ifdogeo). B.p. patigcnl. ov. accord .snilb.ci 

— O.a. «(«■(«,' 
^ STENANTH'ERA.STENANTH'ERA. Ca/.S-parted, Cor. tubular, limb i-parted. Ger, 

[ piDlfoUa. B.n. Pine-leaved. acer.pub.edeesrevol.fr.w. 5. T. N.S.W.1811. O.^.i^M^'fdl 

- 180T. G.S.P<rt4-fc 



ASTROVOMA, ASTROVOMA. Cal.a/i,OT namtLvwrtbraet. Car. 
immifiiiani. b.m. Juniper-leaved, lane. lln. convex, ctliat. k. S. 8. - 



STYPirELIAfSTYPUEhlA. Cal.partid. CoT.tubu.i-ctift,lmbrc7!i>I. Fil.txsrrtcd. Gfl-.t-««fli^ 

luDglfdlia. B.R. long-lcavcd. Innc.Bttea.Btend.untli.iirr. 4. 6. G.^.Scaig' 

lie la. B.P. fhiilfui. ov. ellip, gr. 1822. G.*. mdp 

IrlHara. R.M. three-Bowd, obi. lancflal-Elau. tr.gr, S. 8, 1796. G.£. 

viridillora. b.p. green-flowered, obov. obl. sess. mucr. gr. 4. 0, 1701. G.i. 

PLOMBA'GO.LEAD-WORT. Cal.a-atigUd. Cor.ofs pcL/uanel-shap. Slig.6-cle/t. SerdiiugU,i 
capf nils. B.R. Cape. obov.obt.nnlli.KBb.ben.]i.b. 9.10. C. B. S. 1HI8. S.$. LoamAkf/ 



■ CHtHtf, 



leyl 



Rose-coloured, i 
Ceylon. 



r. E. Ind. 1777. 8.*. 



mPERMADtCTVON, SPERMAD'ICTVON. Cor. /unitel-tkap. limb i 
izDTc-flotiered. obi. tanc. cnt. acum. p.bl. 2. 4 
I. swcct-Kcnted. opp. eillp.lanc.unth.elit. wA. B. ( 



8.*. . 



■BEAVni'ONTIA, BEAV!dO\'TIA. Cal.^Slearei. Cer.fiiniicl-thapcd,limbS-lobed. Cn-.r 
grandillon. b.h. I ni^e- flowered, opp.ohl.olit. downy l>en. icji.6. 
loiiglfulia. Lod. long-leaved. lauc. obi. teh. 

IPOMMA,IPOM.3:A. Cal.S.yan.nak. Car.campan.S-plicaU. Capii.i-3-ceUed,vilk3>teiUmiu 
Iii^onloidea.B.M. tnimpet-flowM. 3-1obcd, lioH-, cord, ti.pur. 7. 8. Cayennc.lSSl. S.^.cl. SaaAjIm 
ocEfOlea. b.b. blue conl. 3-lnbed. vill. bl. D. S. E. lad. 1815. S.TL.eU 

IErtndi(ldra.A.Tep. large-flowerud. cord. ov. olil. eiiL icA. 9. 1802. S.^.cl. 

Inetgnii. A.H. niannificeDt. palm.S-lob.uii.ov.or.cord.p. G. 8. E. Ind. 1811. S.|t'<'- * 

Jalipa. n.M. Jalnp. card. enl. lob. plicnte. roj. S.Anier. 17SS. S.^.ri. 

latiHor*. R.H. broad -flowered, cord. smlh. pcdun.S-Od. tch. B. 9. R. Ind S.^.d. 

lalifaila. B.R. broad-lnvrd. cord. unth. ucnm. u-h W. Ind. 1811. S.^.i^ 

niuthbill). B.n. cltangealile. conl.ent.ov.S-lob.pube^.U. G. 6. S.Ainer. ]B12.S.$.ct. 

marillma. B.H. "Ca. orb.ent.dePp.nnlchedat^)):.' N. Hull. 17T0. S.p. 

plaUnaii. n.n. 1'ljla. tulm. T-loli. obi. p. par. B, fl. 1817. S.^xl. 



PENTANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 87 

SystcflHUic EBgiish Form of CoKof Month Native Yr.of Soil and 

IfaBc. Name. L«ifet«&c Flow. ofFl. Coantry. Introd. Propagatloo. 



yf^ff*^ B.B. pendoloiift. qninat. digit leafl. lane jmr. 5. 8. N.S. W.1808. Q,§^xL 

panicled. palm, lobes 7. lane. eot. pur. 6. 9. £. Ind. 1779. S.^.cL 

wing-lepved. pinn. leafl. filif. red. 1629. S.^.cl. 

iette.B.R. brUtly-ttalked. cord. S-lob. lobes dent, pur, 9. Brazil. 1817. S,S^.el, 

sHgnlnea. b.r. blood-flowered, palm. 7-lob. segm. lane. «c. W. Ind. 1812. S.f^.d. 

B %iffif?ilii i BJK. Catesby's. obi. sagitt. smooth, p. ros, 6. 9. CaroUna.1819. Q.lfixl, 

labei^flL B.R. taberoos. palm, lobes 7. lane. $t,pur, W. Ind. I7S1. S.9«c/. 

tiil6bm. L. three-lobed. eord. S-lobed. «t.6. 7. 1752. S.fl.W. 



ARGYICEIA, ARGYREIA. CaL qfS Uave$, Cor. cttmpan.funnel'Bhaped. Ger. ^-A-ceUed, with 1 ued. 

CBoeita. B.R. wedge-leaved, obov. notch, nlky. d.piir. 9.10. £. Ind. 1817. S.^Jb^cLLoaM^r peat. 

/pMM*«« atrommgninea. b.m. cMttirngt. 

spltedens. b.m. splendid. 0T.ent.8mth.ab.8llkyben.pA:. ■ 1814. S.S^.cl, ^-^ 

LeUtimua spUndau. f.i. 

■ pr ^ f , shewy. eord.ent.ac.8ilky.8ilT.ben.p.7. 8. 1778. S.J|b*c/. 

If0m*€tm MpeeUaa. b.m. 

ES^TZIAf RE^TZIA. Cor. cylindrical, tUloua. SHg.hiJld, Caps.^-celled, many -seeded. 

spiked. in 4's. lin. sess. erect. br. 6. 6. C. B. S 0<Sb* 



HOE^LLA^ ROE^LLA. CaUS-paried. Cor, JunneUshaped, limb i-lohed, spreading. Caps.2'celled. 

ciliated. lin. erect, vill. bL wh, 6. 8. 1774. Q.§^.Peat ^loam. 

w. decurrent. lanc.ciUat.ent.decurrent. bl. 7. 9. 1787. H.9. seeds or 

u trailing. ov. recurr. smth. tooth, bl. ■ G.^f. cuttings. 



YSSTIAj VBSTIA. Col. camp. 5-toothed. Cor.fwuneUshaped, limb 5'Clrft. Caps, 2'Celled,4'Valved. 

IjcUdes. B.R. Box-thom-like. lane ent smooth. yel. 6. ChiU. 1815. G.§^.Peatif loam, 

cuttings, 

COBMA, COB'JEA. Ctd. S-cl^, campanulate. Cor. beU-shaped, i-lobed. Caps. l-S-celled. 

irihidem. b.m. climbing. pinn. leafl. obi. oy. smth. 51. 5. 9. Mexico. 1792. Q.^.cl. Loam iflettf 

mould, cutt. or seeds, 

[Caps. %'CeUed. 
TRACH"ELIUM, THROAT-WORT. CaLS-c^ft. Cor./un,'Sha. Sty, longer than stam, Stig.globos, 

ecrAlemn. b.r« blue. ov. ellip. serr. smth. 5^ 7. 8. Italy. 1640. U.H.Peat df loam. 

diffitoDm. I.. shrubby. awl-shap. smth. ent. 5/. C. B. S. 1787. 6.|^. cuttingSy or 

slips from root, 

PHUyX, PHLO^X. CaLtubu,5-tooth, Cor, qfS petals, salter-shap. tube curv. Stig.Zfid. Caps,%-ceU. 

■tt'DR. B.M. Fraser's hairy, ot. lane, hairy. ros. 6. 7. N.Amer. 1809. HJ9» Loamt^lei^f 

■iitttB. B.C. awned. ot. awl-shap. fringed, wh. 4. Carolina. F.J|b< mould, cut' 

aemiiiita. b.m. cross-leaved, oy.acum.decuss.pub.ben.pii. 5. 8. N.Amer. 1812. H.9< tings, or d»- 

MiyBibdsB. b.f.g. corymbose-fl'd. obl.lan.und.ac.pnb.ben.p.2t. 6.10. 1824. H.9- tiding the 

Midto. B.F.G. heart-leaved, obi. eord. acnm. smth. pur. 6. 9. Carolina. 1826. H.||. roots, wiU 

Gwolloa. B.M. rough-stalked, sess. lane. smth. red.pur, 7. 9. N.Amer. 1728. H.9* readily en- 

amdhuas. b.f.o. Canadian. ot. upp.lane. edges eiliat. 5^ 5. 7. Canada. 1826. H.9« creau this 

Ctaridita. b.m. eaily-flowering. ot. lane, alt pa. hi. 4. 6. N.Amer. 1746. H.9* beauiiful 

ghb^nima. w. smooth. ' lin. lane. smth. upp.opp. red. 6. 8. — 1725. H,J^. tribe iif 

iitenD^disu B.C. intermediate, opp. Ian. smth. pur.— —— .... H.'9*plants,which 

liMooiioB. Lady Uston's. elKp.elong.up. opp. sess. pik. —— 1816. H,'9» fitre a great 

B.M. spotted-stalked. OT. acom. ent pan 7. 8.— 1740. H,l^, acquisition 



38 


PENTANDUIA MONOGYNIA. 


^ 




Euxii.h rurn of cl-uf M,.Btu N.iivt yr.«f 


S«ll»4 




Wune. L.itrf,«e. Flnw. ufFl. Cuunlnr- IbitmI. 




niYilis. B.C. 




H.*.io(k*;)«W 


odoritB. B.r.G. 




H.9. ganttn. 


OVila. B.M. 


oval-leaved. o>. ent. imth. pur. 6. B. IT59. 


H.9. 


pyramid&lis. b.k 


pyramidal. cord. obi. less. smUi. car.7.9. 1800. 


H.». 


paniculdla. l. 


panicled. lane. 8mtb. flat. pur. 0.10. HSa. 


H.». - 




o. Nodding-a*d. obl.lBnc.8Cttn..T.pp.cord.pnr. — — IB24. 


H.». 


ro»i. 


rosy. oboT. cnl. smtb, roi. 1810. 


H.». 


refl<^UL B.F.G. 




H.». 


ShepMrdU. 


Slicpherd'.. Iln. lane ent. smll.. pur Hybrid. 


H.». 


>pecl6sa. B.R. 


.hewy. lin. acum. ciliM. ro.. 5. 7. N.Amer. 182T. 


H.». 


niffrvIicAta. B.R 


ghiBlng-leated. Ian.iicnt.;»(.tlir.atba.ie. <i.p. 1. 1790. 


H.l). 


subiiiau. B.M. 


awl-leaved. lin. cil. awl-shaped. pfc.4.C. 1786. 


Hi. 


MtScen. B.«. 


fine-leaved. cil. lin. lane. pfc. 4. S. 


M.i. 




creeping. opp. Obov. ent. Biibdli. bl.0.9. 1800. 


H.». 

H.B. 




late- flowering, lane. smth. ent. irh. 


verna. 


spring. obov. ent. smth. pfc. S. 4. Hybrid. IBas. 


H.». ; 




F.G. Wheeler's, ov. ent. smth. upp. lin. pur. ^— 1831. 


Hf. , 


GOODFiVU, 




gr&cilis. B.C. 


Blender. aub-Un. smth. ; tita viU. yti. S. N. Holl. tS22 


CD. Sal, 1.^1 


In-deticta. Sm. 


Ivy-leaved. cord, lobed, smtwlh. yel. 6. T. 1824 


G.V- MdfnI. 1 


graadiflora. b.u 




C*. laltiwgt. J 


ovita. A. rep. 


oval-leaved of. acot. toolh. or serr.mntli. 1793 


0.*. '1 


J;VJGJL1/S 


PIMPERNEL. CaWSdapKg. Cor.w*«J.sJw,6-par[. Cxps.^twff. 5™rf«»«wn«^ 


caritlea. B.Fl. 


blue. ov.»eM.dolt.beB.;rt.erect.6l. 6. B. Britain 


H.a. Sa»ds 'MM 


greodlflora. 


greal-flowered. ov. aesi. nnth. pfc. 6. 7. E. Ind. 1824 


H.a. «!,«<. 


indica. B.P.o. 


Indian. ov. seal. ent. dott. bea. U.6. 9. Nepal. 


H a. ««!., «■ 


MOB^UL B.M. 


blue Italian. ov. smth. opp. bl. 5. 0. Italy. 1648. 


G,9. cutliagt. 1 


UutWt. Br.PI. 


Bog. rDundUh^mth.; ri.creep.pfc. 7. 8. Britain 


H.». 


WebbiiBB. 


Mr. Webb's, ov. elUp. smth. ent. il. 0. 7. C.B.S. 18S0 


G.p. 

[wilhlltrolm 


LYSlafACHU, LOOSE-STRIFE. Cal.S-parttd. Car.q/'] ;iclal, 5-cI</l, wAfil-f&ap.' Ciip(..tnMlM 


angmliiolia. h.s 


narrow-leaved, opp. long. lin. vertic. ytJ. 7. 9. N.Amer. laOS. 


H.t.SM,h. 


ciUiW. H.*, 


ciliated. opp. ov. cord, «ri.6.8. 1732. 


H.»...a/ntf- 




H.t.~Md.rn 




H.».iw.i™* 




wood. ov. acut opp.i »I. creep, yil. 5. 7. — — - .... 


!!.». 


qiiBclriiolia. tt.t. 


four-leaved. seu. quatera. ov. acum. yel. 7. 8. N.Amer. 1798 


H.l). 




Bpri(*t. gCM.Ianc. nactTn.term. yd 1781 


H.B. 


Ihjniddra. e.s. 


lufied. opp. lane. seis. ent. yel. S. 7. England 


H.». 


vBlgiris. E.FI. 


common. ov. liuie. acut. s^. 7. 9. Britain 


H.». 


PRIMULA, PRIMROSE. Cal.>tnii^,S-t«,lhcd. Cir.s-^rer-tkaptil,S-parM. 


C.f,.rflt,tt. 






H.p. RicAlMMf 

H.ii. w—aA 


tariuiu.Br.n. Birds-eye. obov. l.nc. mealy, ii.p.r. 4. 7. BriUifl 


BUHC*«:eB,. B.f 


c. glaocons. obl.laBC. scBs-rigid. H Switreri. 1828 


H.V. ridtv 1 


_ Inlcgriffilia. n.M 


entire-leaved, ellip. nearly ent. pk. 6. 7. Pyrenees. 


H.lfi.tlu n.1. 


^irtenoed«.„.. 




H.». 


^■iMSifUi^ B.M. 


long-leaved. obl. fpatul. loolh. li. 4. 6. Levant. 1790 


n.». 


^^^^^^H 




^■IHfl 



^^1 PBNTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 


as 1 


^^^^ftfc Zatfl'H Pnnnnr Cxl.nr Miinlli vmive Yu 
^^^^^B NunF. Lnict.ac. Fla*. -irFI. C'nunLry. Inituj 


Snllud 


^^^H white. lane Bit. tooth, imth. ii'A.4. 6. Davuria. ITOO 

^^^^L Scotdl. obov.laitc.deiU.iiearly.&[.pii. T. Scotiand 

INafeUnd. ChinoK. conl.lob.wrr. pubc. ;,*. I.IO. Chin.. 1820 


H.», 

H.l. 

G.*. 

G.)). 

H.». — 


tDloM. ■.!. vUlODB. ov.obl.MrT.flat,viIl.reiI.piir,4. 6. S.Earop. ITeS 


VrCLAMEff.CVCLiMEN. C«I. in S wg-ni. Cor.<ifllH:t<>l,wlud-,hopti,S-parttd. Ctpt.rflctU, 


aioB. B.K. TMind -leaved, orbiccord. eiit. red. I. 4. S. Enr. l.-iM. 
mttip^'tm.1.. European. cord.orblc.cren.dert. pk. Switierl 


H.lp. Sandy loam, 

H.9.mould.urdii. 

G.B. 

H.D. 


MEtiYA'NTUES, BUCK-BEAN. CoJ.wS.wyjn. Car./iaintltluip.Umbi-parled 


C<ip:qflctn. 


thfoliaia.E.FL three-leaved, teni. imth. obov. ^-eA-rol. 6. T. Britain H.w.^. Mud in 

p™dj.p«rtiaj-™,(«. 


raiAKSlJ, VILtARSU. CMl.i-parUd. Cor.«(a(«,ri(i4iri«(Jim6. Cap.. l-«IW. 




tStig.enl. Cap: qflctll, 6 valine: 
aOTT0Nti,FEATUER.FOIL. CtJ.S-tlffl. Cor.wIcer-.Adp^d, S-parltd. Gtr.r^Mi^. Style >lt«-t. 


r-bbk. £.11. Water. crcrwd. 3-4 inch. long. pk. T. 6. England H.v'.e. A/ud in 

wattr. part, at the root. 


iZALEA, AZALEA. Cal.nflle^f,i-parted. Cor. bell-Mhapti, S-clKft. Capi.2-3-«If(d,2-3-rnIred. 


fcotar.Plu two-coloored- ohl.slightiy pubes. rt. 1. a. N.AmeT.17S4. 

Brfe»dalieea.Hi.>elb)w. obi. l«nc. pobea. j*I. 

t.eriett, taffrtm-coleureil m. 


H.i.Thiibtaiiti. 
H.S)./^l tribe n/ 
H.S. p/onf« aUl 
H.J. ^Dm frtely, 
U.f^.ifpl«nt^dU 
H.S. amLihirfttf 

H.s. «."dy !•«.( 
H.*. and tight 
H.^.maideHtoam. 
H.^. TArj a™ 
G.*.. «KUy o.. 
G.J. crniKd fry 
G.£. />iy<r>, QRd 

G.£. Mumin 
H.i.ipriMg. 

H.». 

H.*. 

H.». 

H.». 

H.». 

H.». 

H.S. . 

H.*. 


S. itpTM. coppcr-eaiotirtd ce. 


yjUwamn. Jlamt-Ciilourtd «.y«. 1812. 

l-ifiitn,. fitry-JloKend. tv.yt. 

i. tnndiftira, largt-flawcrtd or 1806. 




t«ton..Mx. canescent. lane. .ligbUypube. ben. w. 

jl««.Ph. glaucous dwarf. obLlaM, smth. wk. 6 1784. 

lki|U.M. ludUn. ellip, lane, hairy. ra. i. S. Cliina. 1808. 

^^^k lehile.JloiceTed ich. 1819. 




^^^^nfCM. purplfjloicered pu. 1824. 


^^vfb-€Q-pUna. doublt-imrpU pa. 1819. 


Main. I- naked-flowei'd. obi. alten. at baM, dl. w. 6. 6. N.Areer. 17M. 
■ "^n f (iftrn dmr-lr v-Fiirr inA 


Inwinn. McarUt. w, 


LMwto. blaih-Jlttcered bk. 


(ifeVM. palt-rtd. fi. 


iirfjpa. nrttd. bk. 


«.fiN«br. two.colour«l re.wh. 

KtiiUta. globou. bh. 






^^^^^^^^1 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA 



B.incanita. JUA-eiilouTtd. fi. 

10. mir&biia. ncmder/uL re. — — 

11. pitOda. pale-flowertd ii.to*. 

12. popiJinmifM. WtterJIy. - J). 

13. pmjjftrea, purplt. pu. 

14. r6tta. nijy. 'B. 

15. mbtaceiu, rtddiih. pi. 

16. rSHIaiif. deep red. - Te. 

' nttida. b.b. shining. Ibdc. miicr.coriac. Rhln. wA.6. 7. 

proc&rabeiu. s.f. iirocambeat. opp.smtb.Tevol.ii(n>.cr.<:ar. 

pontica. t.. yellow, laDcobl.atlen.atbiise. ytt, 

1. aUiiflbra. tehitr-fiiivrtrtd wfc. 

3. eiprea. copper-caUiurtd co. 

S. cntta. taffroti. pa. j. 

A. glaiea. glaucoiu. pa. 

G. piUiia. palt'Selloie. pa, 

0. tricolor. thrtt-caUmrtd »(. 

dniuil). B.F.c. Cliinese. lane. obi. pnbes. yel, 3. 6. 

ti»c6sa. viscid. Unc. nerv. tudty. tek.T, 8. 

1. eriipa, curUd. 
a. pra'car. tarty, 
3. rubitcciu. rtdduh-fioie't'd Te. 

NOLA'NA, NOLA'NA. Cal. S-parttd. Car, campmi.limblO-hbed. 
prostiita. B.M. trailing. o*. elUp. iiaooth, cot. bl. T. 0. 
pBrBd6xi. B.R. cluster-fruited. otbIg, obtuse, pilose. bl. 

CALYSTE-GU,CALYSTEGIA. Brac.2. Cal.5-part. Cor.camp. 
reniOSriDls. b.f.o, kiduEy-leafed. renir. wbrepand. crcn, J. D. 7. 

CONVOLVVLVS, BIND-WEED. Ca/.S-cl^/V. Cor. bcU-,haped, 

arvtnsia, Br.Fl, small. sagitt. acut. Pcdun. 1-&, ros. 

allbvoldes. Fl.Gr. Alhea-leavcd. cord.sin.ailk.lob.repaDd. pk. 

bryoni«ioHiu. b.m. Bryony-Wd. palm. T-lolwd, hispid, pk. 

tMainiii. b.r. Chinese. bust, auric, obt. eut. pur.ur, 

cindicaiu. B.M. hoary. cord. acum. enL 

Cnearum. b.w. all very -leaved, lane, hairy, bh, 

canari^nail. b.h. Canary. cord. pnl>e8.i Hm. vill. pk. 

d^&ricus. B.M. Dahurian. obl.cord.9inlh.hniry,beil. ra. 

lineitus, Fl.Or. lined. lane, nlky, stalk. bh. 

ochriccos. b.b. yellow. cord. ent. pilose. yel. 

pndibOndua. b.r, various-lMved. cord. S-lobcd, smooth, ros. 

Saldantlla. E.FI. tea. angn.kid.-sh,; slm.orecp. pu. 

tMrobicuUtat. b,B. pitied. CDr.3-lo.smth.sid,-lo.ob].p.6J. 
: 
I 




. Britain H.^.ef. 5mdyli 

-Levant. UVJ.F.^.ct. and pi 
\BOt.G.lfi.el 

iei7.G.ll.cl. mttiKf 

-£. iDd. 1818.S.$.ci. Hau^ljl 

I. Levant. ICIOG.^. 

I. Caua^ics.lCgO.G.i^.l;l, IkUft 

- Daliuria.l8S3.H.Vrf:J. ■ 

. S.Europ.l7l4.H.(l. by et 

. I62i. S.9.cl.<lftktn 



i. Amer 



Ut. 



I FOLESffONlUM, JACOB'S LADDER. C<il.tup.ihaped,n-cl<Ji. 

I eftrtUeum.E.FI.b1ue.6rcelt.valertan.pinn. smooth, bl.orwh. 0. Brilaiu H.K. Smdji 

tiAiDHe. B.a. dwarf. pinn.lcafl.obov.put>ea. bl. N.Anier.ie27. H.^. Kfd, • 

■ibfiicum. B,r.O. Siberian. bipin.pubcs.leafl.Un. urh. Siberia. 1800. ILlfi.vUjUi 



BMottna. E.«. common. Un. wavy, hairy. 

poomi*. a.B. |>ereiiiiial. lin. flat, obtuse. 

GJLIA,G-tLtA. Cal.S-parl. Cor./maiet-sliap. 



M.G.T. BrllaiD U.Z. Light kU. 

bl. France. 1T8T. H.p. atiilA. 



•If/I. SlylrS-Jlil. Caps. 3-celf. icifh 1-2 HCdi: 
n|dtilB. n.M. nnnit-lieBilecl. bipinnatif. s^. lin. enl. b(, 
ioctnnpicnH. B.M. nDall-flinrcred. pinnatif. low. bipinnatif. bl. 
grtclb. B. M. ilendor. lia> obi. obt. lower ipath. roi. 



America. 1826. H.a. Sandy »>, 

H.a. sftdf. 

N.Amer. 182T. S.fi. 



eUip.muc.Bciim.nnth.eDt. y. 4. China. 181B. S,^. Rich loam. 

rCaog.9-celltd., 
illS,JiBMBERGlA,NIEREMBERGIA. Cal.tKtu.S-diJi. Cor. 
fTUE*.B.M. slender. Tut. lubapatb, pnl>es. u-A.pn. 0. T. n..4yrei. 1829. O. p. Pent q-foom. 

aaJOTR&PlUM, HELIOTROPE. Cal.&.dKf. Cor.talrrr-tlia.S-clef.plicale. Stiif.ptllaU. Nuttt. 
BMTDibasiiiii.B.M. corymbose. obi. lane. rug. pub. li. B. 0. Peru. 180S. 0.{l. Sandif loam 

oUooplaUiuii. Lfc. oblong-lcaTcd. obi. obt. enl. snb-hairy. wA, S.Europ. IS24. O.'S.ltlfnl'iHotilil. 

pMwiiimm . vr. Peruvian. or. lane. rug. piitrea. /i. 6.10. Pent. ITST. G.|). cuttint;*. 

fviiSiRBi. L. imalt- flowered, ov. ru)(, opp, alt. scabr. ah. G. 7. W. Ind. 1TS2. S.C 

[Sly. purple. Sti^. iui-a-W.ol. 

VlA,LVBrSlA. Cal.5-parttd. Cor./ui,nel-$haped,li7nbS-cl^. Stam.txtn. Ger. ov. imoath. 

3. ilark'purple. obi. lace, tpatb. Jolt. d.pn. 7. 8. C. B. S. 1831. O.lfi.LoamSf peal. 

parting roott or cull. 

TA,80LLVA. Cai.i-part. Ptl.5,tpread.lrelUihap. Aiilh.iagillt. Otaryi-teUed, many-seeded. 
.B.n. rnrioiu-IeaTed. altOT.Ianc.scrr, npp. ent. M. 

I l£CaENA'ULTlA,LECHENA'ULTIA. Cal.&-cltfi. Cor.lube tplitatapex,linb3-l>pp. Caps.i-etll. 
lin. recurr. smootib. m, 6.10. 1823. O.St-Peat IfloaM. 



IU,E:CEBRVM,SN0T-GRASS. CaI.e/SleaKi. Cor.O. Capa.p<iinledaleaeheiid,i!flceU,wUhlKtd. 
\ "Pfidllitiim.E. Fl. whorlcd. ov, acute. tch.orred. 6. England W.U.Laairtlfpiat, 

.0. Ctipn.iiflccll.andiealra. ScedsS, raandiith. 

acst, rui. S.G. Ilritain H.9. Sandy loam 

and peal, divid, roult. 

[ TarESlUm, BASTARD-TOADFLAX. Cal.iiflleiff,S-part.fiay^wiisdaa:n. Cor.O. Ger.rib.Slig.ehv. 

■h*]rnuiiL.E.PI. flax -leaved. lin. Eanc. tmooth. gr. 6. 7. England H.9. Sandy loam. 



I VIAVX, 8EA-UILKWORT. Cal. S-parled. Car 

nBi< E.FI1 common. npp, ov, nmth, ent. 



rrSCA, PERIWINKLE, Cal. n/1 te./, » S ,„gm. 
ferMcMi. a.B. hcrbaceoo*. 
■dMV. E.FI. luscr. 

I. fal.argmUo.tikrr-ileipt 



aalrcr-ihap.b-dijt. Gtr.2. Sfcdi ftcera}. 
obi. lane, edges cilial. bl. 6. 7. Hungary. 1810. H.p. LigAl luani. 

ellip. lane, smooth. ci. a. 9. Brilnln H.i.iT. purj. rool.!. 

rt. ....H.*,cr. 



Mk 



J 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



i- 1. /oi. KMfM. gtld-slripeil ri. .... H.S.fr. 

I ^ilba. ahittftourtred (c&, ....U.^xr. 

4. jt.pUND. ioahlt-fiawerti vi. H.;^-"", 

Fn^T. E.Fl. greater. ov. ciUiit,i>lenu erect, bl, England H.St. 

tarugitn. variegalrd. 

ATtETIAfAR'ETIA. Ca(.5-jwrt. Cor.Mlvtr-thaptd, cDntracUdallhe orifite. Stig. globiae. 
olpina. vr. Alpioc. lin. tIU. ; tcapa l-fl'd, pk. 6. G. Switxerl. ITTS, H.^, Saiidg 

pub^cQB. B.C. downy. ov. ellip. pabcs. ic*. 1820. H.JI. andpttt, 

VitaMoa. a.c. graM-leaved. smlli.abov.jiifn. branch, yel. Pyren. ITBT. H.JI. diniLmi 

IanDROS'ACB.ANDROS'ACE. Cal.i-clfft. Cor. mlvcr-sluipal. Sii?. g-Iaialar. Capi. i-telUd. 
euinata. n.r.ti. keeled. ov. lane. acut.cUial. ich.yet. 3. 4. America. 18!8. H.y. Light Icm 

cirnea. n.c. flesb-colourcd. I'm. subul, cilial. rot, 7. 8. Switzerl. ITS8. H.^. and prat. 

Channejiume.B.c. gniss-leaved. lane, nearly ent. ciliat. ftA. C. 7. Au9tria. H.p, 4eed>, or 

«iroDopifaiia. A.n. Biick'B-lioTn-l'd.tin. lane, dent.' iph. Siberia. 1806. H.6. partiiigal, 

l&clea. B.m, wbite-flowercd. lin. sliin. ciliat. at apex. fch. 0. 8. IIS2. H.f). roolt. 

miiima. n.». large. ovate, oblong, villous, tch. S. fl. Austria. 1597. H.S. ■ 

tcptentrionalii.e.w. toolli-leaved. lanc.loolh.attcn.atbasc. wA. 4, 5. Rauia. tTSS. H.9. ■ 

EUO'NVMUS, SPINDLE-TREE. Cal. if 5 concace legm. Pet.5, Cap>,i)fSccU»^Si!air(4. SuJ*\ 
ameridiliuB. DC. American. ellip. lane. >err. ((. 6. N.Amer. 1683. H.|t. Gardr* 

angiuliloliiu, DC. narrow-leaved, ol>l. liu. ellip. it, Georgia. 1806. 

atroparpurcuii.Dc. dark purple. lanc.scrr,; rtemtrath. d,pu. N.Amcr.lTSO. 

europ'vns. k.b. common. ov. serr.; Br, angul. gr-trh. S. G. Britain 

Momiltonianui.Wai. Hamilton's, ellip. obi. noDotli. ich. S. 4. Nepal. tB3S. 
latlluliiLs. DC. broad-leaved, ellip. acum. lerr. gr. S. 0. S.Europ. I7S0. 
veiractlaui. DC. warty. ov. serr. ; ittm warty, pur. Aiutrla. IIO!. 



^»lBES,CVRRAfiT If GOOSEBERRY. Cat. 
im. E.FI. tatlel 



r. Bir.globu. 



SMgtn. Ptt,i,iAU 

tatlelex. S-lob.shia.ben.)!. ercct.gr, 4. S. BHlaia 

yellow-flower'd.OT.S-lob.nntli.denL gel. MisKniri.1813. 

•. /nutH-albo. tchilr-fruilcd. 
p. /mcln-nibra, Ttd-fruiltd. 

Pensylvanian. S.lob. dent. smth. acul. il. \. 9. N.Amer. IT39. 

rock. alt. S-lob. doHH. ben. rid. Enffland 

red. S-S.labcd. obt pnb. iC. Britain 

purple -Howe r'd. cord. tab. 6.lob. »err. pur. N'Amer.IS20. 

■picitani. E.FI. Acid mountain, lubcard. rotund. S-S-lob. br. England 

tlirv); -dowered. S-5-lob. dent. amth. cut. br. N.Amer. ISIi- 



^EDERA.IYY. Cid.i^ittcth. Ptt.6,<iltcrn. 
I, E.FI. common. ov. S-S-lobcd. 
t fit. argmtta. tUvtr-rtriped 



cilhlluci^i/x. Berry gMu. of I nil. Stedifrvm » Ui, 

gr. D.IO. Britain H,£.cl. Gordn 

gr- ....H.*.J. «■(«■« 







HHA'MNUS, BUCK-THORN. C)dJunHel.itlui,gtntratly6i:ltfl. Ftt.S.orMne. 8tTry^fi-4,arte»Bt. 
aluinUiu. w. Alder-leavcd. «v. acum. remiL smth. gr. S. N.Amer. 1778. H.^.Lcmib. iriJ*, 

catbirtlru. E.F1. purfffng. Dv,ierr.*mooth.docid. y(.^. fi. 0. England H.$. 

cremiUtua. w. crenate. oW. obi. wrr. untb. gr. S, Tenetiffe.1778. O.S. 

'rioKula. *.n. ULrr^.lxnrine. ent. Hnlli. all. dlip. wk. 4. S. BriUOn H.ft. 

JtMini. w. bnM>Mt«*rd. ellip. aunm. ent. ok. T. AMrm. 1TT8. H.^ 







PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 4;l 

pbnulu. m. dmrf. ov, ten. smooth. 6A. Eorope. 1I5B. H.£> 

piaMta. w. winter- be rry-ld.ov.lanc.BCum.sIiin.ieiT. gr. 8. 9. C. B. S. 1TT8. Q.^. 

XK0TtA'NJ,TOBACC0. Cal. S-parltd. Ci>r./itHiitl-iha]itil,timbplUalt. Capt.a-ceUeil,2-valrcd. 

glnlinouB. conl.ov.und.cnI.pub.rfli.gT. 7. 9. Peru, 1750. ii.^.Slrongloam. 
[. LaDpdorfPt. ov. lanr. vlll. gr.yt. 8. Cliilc. IBID. H.a. weift. 
B0C(tB6ra, B.M. nigbt-Dowering. km. Dnd.lowerukl. icA. S. Ami! r. 1820. P.t9. 

SDLA'SVSt, NIGHTSHADE, Co^.S-parf. Csr. vAf cl-iAop. in 3 iceTn. £frryqr3(c»<. StiTdinwny. 

■■mcaUtum. w. ear-leaved. ot. acum. downy, iMit. I'io. Madaeas,l77S. S.S. Zflflm ^ ((>(/' 

■tr««aii^int^uin.Sck.dark-cril|UOll.li>bed^piDy. cr. 6. 7. W.Ind. 1827. S.^.maiild. leeii, 

ob\.Eat,t3aia,toiiac. U. 7. 8. Mexico. 1630. S.£. ar cMttiitgi. 

thick Jeaved. ov.ent.uiiuat.aogl«<l,l)aii7 1829. S.J. 

. w. corymbose. ov. lane scut. nio, Pern. 1786. 8.^. 

V. gigBMic. laac.icot.downybcQ.irh.Tii). 6,7. C.B.S. 1703. G.S. 

Indian. wedg,sli.uig.Bub.-vLll.enI.U. 7. India. 1733. S.£. 

csrpon. w. large. frnited. enneat. reiiaad.smtb. 6J. 4.0. Peru. 1769. 8.^. 

n.Ex.B.Orangc-colo'd.obl. acut.dent. jm. 8. 9. Madagas. 1T89. S.g. 

M. angubir-leaved. tub.cord.Rlnuat.atig.pub. u: Peru. 1S36. S.$. 

SeafoT^iitiDDi.Il.rep.L.Searorth's.pinn. und. car. BarlHul. 180-t. S.^.ct, 

lucnloenni. v. noolly. cord, oblii). repand. bl. S.Amer. 1G62. S.£. 

[Seedii miiMy. 
Ln^rc&RA,FLyIiO^■Er■SUCKLK.Cal.»f&ug. Car.o/\kqf,lubu.i.cl^l. Btr.o/larnereceUi. 

kmoo. U.K. flexuofte. ov. cat. smtli. uh. Cbina. IdOfi.H.^.d. Samly loam. 

MnAn. B.M. bairy. ov. citip. pub.glau.ben. ytl, 6. 7. N.Amt^r. 1819. H.^. cutlingt. 

bndocTata. u.h. inTOlocrwI. cUip.obl.obt.pQot.bcn. yd. 1824, H.J. 

j/tfiaica. n.n. rcd-flonered. ov. cut. gr. pubes. red. China. 1800. F.^.cl. 

Pcikl'yiDeuiini.B.Pi. common. uv. obt. blue ntti^niTat. tt. 6. 8. Britain H.^.cJ. 

I. aba, ickUt. lift. H.^.ct. 

ytUtw, yel. H.S.cI. 

Ttd. red. H.^.d, 

Oak-lrattd. »(. H.$.cf. 

Tartarian. cord. ot. ent. acnt. nu. 4. G. Tartary. 17SS. H.Jt. 

I.E.FI. uprigbt-Qy. Dv.Bcum.ent yel. fl. 7. En^nd H.^. 

UF<yLIUM,UONEy-SUCKLE. C«J.4-5-t«Hfc, («-oH. Cor.i-tlff.lnbii. Ber.3-ctU.,n,ms-MeJ. 
yellow. oT.glan, opp.perfbi. yeUS. 0. Carolina. 1810. 0-S'.cl. Sandy toil. 

rajliea. cutlingt. 

I.B. early. obl.acuLsbin.perfol. pa.i/ef. England H.^.cf. 

rat. Ttd. Italy. H.^.cl. 

• CjirtWiKD.. E.B. 

:.». fttiuarca. glau. obi. sub. pcrful. jw. 6. 9. Minorca. 1773. H.J, 

B.B. long-leaved. obi. ianc. Bniootb. tt. China. 1810. F.^-*'. — 

B.II. Noitb-wesL ov.BtnUi.gbiu. edges cil. or. N,Ainer.l8ao.H.S.e'. 

kR.M.TnimpcL obl.glau.Bbin.upp.perfd. tt. 5. 8. 1556.H,S.(I. 

VENDRtlM,OLIVE'WOOD. Cal.&-lt)i:Ufl. Cor.i-part.peUiSfCiiKaiee, Nnlary l-S-ce/bd 

thicli-leavcd. ubi. lane, dent.ieutbcry. uft. - — N. S. W. 1796. O.^.Peat If Uhiik. 
CapeUolly. ubI. scrr. prioily. ah. C.B.3. 1704. O.*. Mling,. 



rUia 



U 2 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



JACQUINlAfJACQUTNlA. Cal.o/bleaca. Cvr.camiMi.HablU-c!^. Berryl-ctUfiil-utded. 



obtuie-luavcd. wcdge-ib, inilh. 



J. T. W.Ind. 1708. S.i.Peal 



^ImJ 



ctHtingt in tnMS 
I tVCVLIA, IVCO'LIA. Cal.ufBKpali. Car.fiamtl-ilnp.lmbi-part. Slig.i,Jlahy. Berr^l-c^J^ 



LprnKMimi 



. fragnuil. 






n.opp.cnt.large.pfc. 6. 0. Nepaul. 1816. 0.£. 



\ZlZYPUUS,TIZYPUVS. Cal.rprtad.&-jMrt. PeliiUS. Slg.i-i- Berry S-ceOedfiMetdedyrardfl 

ronnla. W.cn. niiicronatp. cord.uv.nincr.crGiiJniUi- il. S.CiB.S. 1830i 0.$.LinM,fi 
f'BpfnaChriiti. R.«. Chiul'a-tlutru. DT.Dbt.dciit.smlli: ai>lDy. it. 8. 9. Egypt 0.^.lfle^aM 

' CEL'ASTRVS,STAFF-THEE. Cal.S-lob.ncna. Pel.i. Slim.S. Slig.2-2. Capt.t-a-eali,. Seeili 
buxlloliui. fi.M. Boi-lcaved. lnnc.obov.obt.RerT.Bmth,irA. G.fi. C.B.S. ITS3. 0.£. Loamifk 
CBtunaidea. DC. crenatcd. ov.acut >crr. vrh. 9. Ciuiariea. ITTO. G.£. mvuld.c 

litddui. DC. ghming. ov, niarginate, sliin. tch. 4. 9. C. B.S. ITS3. C^. ' 

tikiupidshis. DC. tlirec -pointed, alt. obl.ov. obt. cnl. u-h.i.O. 1810. G.$. 

CatDite latigdta. Lam. 

[ CEAIfOTIJUS.CEAN'OTaUS. dd.camim.S-parteil. PetaU 5, ernini. Sij)(f2-». Bcrryl^tUl4. 

. New Jer)eyI(^B.ov. acuin. B^rr. pubes. tcA. S. 9. N.Amer. 1713, H.$. SrUfltm^ , 
Hzure-flowered. oT.obl.acabr.aerr.huTy. £1. 4. N.Spain. I81B. G.^.t/fttt.ettL 
Afncaii. lane, obt »err. smlli. (I. S. 4. C. B. S. IBIS. G.£. 



lP0!HADE:RRtS,P0JIIADE:RRIS. Cal.a-parlcd. PelaUi.co 

Ivp^tnia. Dr. ptlal-lcss. ov. lane. acnm. ten. br. 5. 6. N.Holl. 1803. G.£. Siatdyl 

mdllptica. A.rep. flliptlc -leaved, tlllp. obi. upp. smth. yeJ. 1805. O.*. fl- 

I bnigera. A.R. woolly. obi .Iniic. en 1. woolly ben. ytl. 180(1. G.|t. 

CcdhuIAns fanifero. A. rep. 

LAS!0PETALUM,LAS10PETALUN. Cal. ij & Umti. PetaUS. Filaminli &, Gtrm. l-i-eOL 

GDryliriiliBni. Hazel-lcavcd. cord. ov. xerr. hairy, Kt. 3. 6. N.HoU. 1830. G.i. Samdgi 

remigineum. B,R> nuly. lin.sMn.ubov.niitybcn. wA. 4. 8. ITS). C.^.^peat. 

parvlBoniTn. i>c. small -flowcrod. tin, lane. ent. wA, 1610. G.^. 

1 TUOMASIA.TBOMASIA. Cd.jKrmaneitl. Pct.5,mnHle. 



atbate. A<iih,i>priiiiig lata 



erA'AVIA.STA'AVlA. Cal.i-lobed, PctaltS, Slam, interlrd ii 
rayed. Ian. 3-udeJ ; Or. vill, u-A. — 



^^^P 4lini6)ai. buihy. 

^^^ purpurea, dc. purple. 

Latiapilaliim purpiircum. D.H. 

querclfolia. DC. Oak-leaved. 

Lasiopilalvm ^iiereifdlium, B.I 

IwlanaccD. DC. Solaniim-like. 
£d(a»Xfil'iiM MlaadcniR, B.M. 
Ml 
api 



ov. cUip. dcDt. wrink. abov. 4. 9. N. Holl. 
lin. ellip. ent. pur. 4. 8. — 



S-lob. hairy. par, 

conl.lob.lialr7,rii3tyl)en.7»i. 



1820. G.S. 5<nrfy 

1803. G.$. oiutfMt. 

G.S. - 

G.9. , 



thiaili/x. Ca/n.S-ctUed, 
-C.B.S. 1787. G.S>.P«(*i 



WprosMA, DrosidA. 

Eaaibigiia. B.C. amliixi 
nprcjeiun. ii.t. cypres 



Cil.S-parttd. Car. i^& equal peiali 



Ivavcil. ubl. lane, keeled. 



irA. 4. 5. C.B.S. 1834. G.^.Lik 

.ch. 0. 8. 1790. G.,». ntlift. 



uuuiry. lulred. Proptgaihia. 

headed. 3-uded, obt. till. ah. C.B.S. G.*. 

Heath-like. S-Bidcd.obt.sinth.ilott. vft. 4. 8. 1156. O.^. 

haity, lin. mncr. vUl. Iwirj. irA. 17»1. G.^. 

imbricated. oi.aruni.inibr.doU.ciliBl. li. 1TT4. G.S, 



tancc'lt'sved. eUip. obt.friDg.i fir.vUU n 
ii(ipaHlii(blia.Tlinti.opp<Kite-leaTcd.o{ip. 3-uiled, obt. clliat. a 



1753. G.^. 



JGATB'OSMA, AGATH'OSMA. Cal.inOlin.irg: Cor. qf\Ountq.ptt.iiurrt.i» thecal. Ntct.S-Uti. 
CcKflUnm. (.f . ClienrU-Ketited.iiDbr, lanc.ciliat. tch.i. G. C.B.S. 1T90. O.^.Peul t( Iwm. 

dito. »■•. dilated. lane, ciliat. acum. li. .... 0.£. cullinga. 

Ditmrntiliila. 
WtfUa. w. bbpid. 3-aid. obi. doiL tin. o. s. 1780. G.S. 

ADEffANDRAfADENANDIU. Cal.S-parl. PelaUS.iiutTtediHcalyx. Stain. 10, i<^ them iteriU. 

acaminatel'd. ov. cord. Bcnm. cUiaL kA. 4. 8. C. B.S. ISIS. O.l^.LoamBiptat. 

cbamiing. ov.«mLi.dot.mar.reT.i(;A.rDj. 1798. G.^. 

iweet-scented. ot.obl.obt.glaBil.ilpnl. roi.S.6, G-J, 

Pi 1 nw ■ /rignat. b.m. 

BKVmA, BKUMA. Cal.S-tooth. Fel.S. FiLiiuertedinlheelaiBit^ptt, Stig.b^fid. Ciqtt.a-erUcil. 

;. Soulbemwood-Uiii. lane, reflex. ah. C.B.S. 1T87. G.^.Sandi/lonm, 

Hcalh-leaved. lin. sent. S-aided. «■*. 8. 9. 1812. G-S. aad peat. 

imbricalcil. cord. ov. smth. wft. 

woolly, half round, vUl. tch. 

B!LLAnDrERA,APPLE-BEJtJlY. Cat. in S Mffrfleall. Pelali 5. Beirg mimy-secded. 



H. loDg.flowered. obi. lin. ent. 

X. cbangeable. lin. lane. ent. 

•.DC. Rosemary -I'd. lin. edges rcvd. Emtb. 

;. climbing. ov. laiic. sligbtly vili. 



tt.O. 9. V.Diem. I810.G.9.c[, Sindyloai, 

pur N. 8. W. 179S,O.S.d. and peal. 

l830.G.i.cI. cuttings. 

jeJ. 0. 9. l790.G.$.cf. 



LOSU,ESCALL'ONIA. Cal.&-cltji. PtlaUS. Slig. 2-lobtd. Capi. imperfectly i-celleil. 

many-flowered, ellip. lane. »err. imth. red. N. Gran. 1817, G.S- 

■.B.Fl.G. glHwInlar. obi .elllti.acu.ri^d, smth. ich. 8. 9. Chile. 1826. G.S. Lmjh, and 

red. obov. lane, aciit. serr. red, 8.10. G,S. peal. cut. 



fTirroaPOHVM.PITTOSPORUia. C«l.>tfiicav. Pel.6,canneclfdi«alvhe. Caps-ianny-Keded. 

«am.A.TCp. lealhery.lcav'il. obov.obt.smtb.coriac.^r.^fi. 6. Madeira. 1787. O.^. Loam, md 

\ bniglDeiuu. B.N. nuty-leaved. ellip.acu.mstydown.bcn. «(. Guinea. G.S. le^ mould. 

torn. B.K. rcvolnte. opp.clllp.obt.pube».bei]. yel. N. S. W. 179S. G.^i. cultingt. 

I ToUtB. DC. gloaty-leaved. obov. Tcluse, smth. tch. 3. 9. China. 1804. G.$. 

tAsniD. woolly-leaved. obo.abl.ferni.doiTnyben.yef. N.Holl. 18!t4. O,^, 

lEam. DC. «a>e-leaved. ov. lane, and nl. smtli. wh. N.S.W.17e9. G.$. 

I <SAIAX,(:A'LAX. Cnl. o/S Ime«. Cor.Bf&pil.talMr.>k„p. Cap/.i.cetted,i.ralrcd. Nccl. lubul«r. 
I 4k'jlli. B.M. beatl'ieaved. cord. oibk. netr. gliind. bh. ti. 7. N.Aiiier. 1786. U.|l, Peal, did. 



J 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

DUUk ttitUtli Fonaar Cul.of MdbiIi Nailir YrAt 

nUDf. NUoe. L»»m,«c. Klot>. ofFC. Connirv. Inltoit. 

MANGIFERA,MANGO'TREE. Cal.S-parl,deciilu. Ptl.S. .^fiini.S. Sty. I. Ber.atmii. Sttd — 

indlca. B.M. lodlui. oU. lane, imtta. yd. a. D, B. Ind. 1690. S.^.Loqm l[fm 

Kn'EA,-lTEA. Cat.S-ctrfl. Cor. «fs ptl. inur. in the nl.rijUx. C<ir(.S-ccU.niIS-i>aJc. 5%.Mp.l-lll 

vir^nica. b.h. Virginiaa. obi, wit. smili. wh. N.Amer. 1744. H.^. Pm.bniM 

BURSA' RIA, BURSA' RIA. Cat. 5-taothed. Prjait 5. Statu. 5. Caps, tampTfjwd, ofccorjal*, S-ctlW, 
•pinAsa. DC. thomy. obov.uotcli.sinth:9piDy. ich.9.12.N.S.W. IT83. d-Pailflata 

'Uea (piiidM. A.B.R. nttinft, 

STRELITZIA.STRELITZIA. Spath.nflUt^. Cor.irrtg. Pei.J.Iuw. Nat.ilrd. Capi.qftaU 
uQguitituUa. H.K. aarrow-leaved. lane. smth. yd.blae. 5. 0. C. B. S. ITTB. S.lfi. Sandf Itm 

parviloUn. H.K. saiall-leavcil. U. Ian. Ieaf-9tlk long. yeUlae. 5. 7. ■- ITM. S.lfi.lflrifmaak 

r^ioK. H.K. Caona-ltsived. eUi.siDth.parBl.rilM. yeJ.UiK. 4. S. 1779. S.^.incktn/fM 

CELOSIA, COClCS-COjaB. CaLo/SlMrta. Cor.u/5jw(. 5(y.S-3-d^. Capi.epeniHg , 






•HrRA'NTaEa, AcarRANTHES. CttLi^iltmtt. Cor.O. Stig.S-tlifl. Siedntilarf. 



ov.orbicaciun.iilTC.ben.riM. G. 9. SicUj. 1713. H.^.&suljf (m 
ellip. eot. obU opp. m. 4. 8. Pern. 1B03. 0.$. oHnv*, 



P/IBONrcH/J,Pjl«OA^yTifH. CaJ.6-parl. Prt.S,Hn. Sia.B. Siy.l. Slijr.a. Cop«.6-nri.lli 

capitata. uc. capitate. kcul'<),obl.apcK.cilia.pub.i0. 0. B. Spain. ie»t. H.^.lemHip 

lllfctbrum capiHUvni. L. cull.arti 

Uipjtnica. Spanisii. Binth,; itm. procumb. wh. H.|J, 

ptibficeiM. R.i. pDbescL'iil. ellip. obt. piibGH. ich. S. Franc. IBIS. H.lfi. 

IHilygniitfdliii. DC. Polyjionum I'J. obi. Ud. smlli. Bcul. toA. 0,7. Dauphin. IBIG. H.^. 

GELS EMIUil, GELS EMIUM, Cat.S-loatk. Car. fimiul-sluip. limb 5-liibtd. Cup. compr. 
senipcrvircni.ii.K. ever-greetk lancimtb. yeL N.Amer. laiO.G.^.ct.Peal If lat 

cKitiafi 
ARDU'INAfARDWINA. Cai-i. Cer.fnnietthaptd. Stig.bifii, BerTy2-ceiUd. Setdl. 
biipiuDaa. t.g. two-spined. cord.aT.mucT.shiD.smth.ich. 4. S. C.B.6. 1700. G.^.Loamlif 

cMthv) 
CERB£RA,C'ERBERA. Cal.6-part. Cirr.fyit.-tlia, limbs-part. Slg.\.Siig.3-U)b. Dr«p.i-etU.t-m 
Aboitai. B.M. oval-lenTed. ot. obi. eot. itnth. y«(. G. T. Brazil. ITJO. S.^.Pntlf h» 
rniltccM. n.R, R CMC -flowered, opp. broad, lane. ant. rus. S. B. Pegii. 1817. S.$. rUlngi. 
Mtngluu. L.T. biuDl-leaved. alt. lane, loith. uA. U. 9. E. Ind. 17S9. S.^. 
Therf-tia. B.M. liaear-l caved, long, lin. crowded. 9«t. 6. 7. B.Amer. 17IS. S.J. 
Tknghin, D.M. paiion-DUt. lanc.eloDg.Bttcn.atbage.rDg. Madsg. 18S6. S.S>. 

TABERN/EMONTA\A,TA8ERy,E!HONTANA. Cal.5-p«r(, Cor.Mir.-.Aa. S(n.i«li<. JnILmiA] 

dtrUiOia. R.I, Citron-leaved. ov.untlt.ent.^,iDUiDbela.«l. S.S. JunalGa. 17M. S._ 

corouiiia. l.t, brcud-leaTed. ov. tanc. untth. leh. 6. 7. E. Ind. 1710. S.ft. nltta^ ^ 



k. 



PBNTANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 47 

SjUcnntk Eaglith Form of CoLof Month Native Yr^f SoUand 

Nuie. Name. Leaves, ftc Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 



gnteima. b.r. fngnuit opp.obl.lanc.aiid.Bmth. wk. 1824. S.|b. 

B.R. Lftorel-leated. opp.OT.obtent.amth. wK 5. W. Ind. 1768. S.Jj^. 



PLUMtSMUA^PLUBTERiA. Cal.i-cl^. Cor.funnel-»hap. limb S-parted^ with oblique otaUugin, 

Ueoior. B.S. two-coloared, obL acmn. entimUi* wKyek 6. 9, SJkmer. 1816. S.|^ L$am if Uqf 

libra. ■•R. red. or. obi. ent smth. ro$, yel. 7. 8. Jamaica. 1090. S.Jj^. moai/d. eutt. 

Iifeolor. B.B. tiiree-eoloiired. obl.acaUitbotheml8.tpJk.rot. 0. 0. S.Amcr. 1815. S.Jj^. placed in 

potty with M their leaves on, wiU etrike root freely ^ but they muet be kept in a dry state. 

IT ERIUM^ OLEANDER. Cai.i-pan. Cor. mher-ehap. Anth. eagitt.fixed by the middle to the sUg. 

odinan. b^. sweet-scented, lin. lane. smth. ros. 0. 9. £. Ind. 1088. S.|^. Ixtam ^ leqf 

JL pttM. double-flou^ring* mouiUL eutt. 

Ok^ider. wu§, common. lane. Un. tern. smth. roe. S.Earop. 1590. Q.3^, 

diku wkiU. 

TRISTA'NIA^TRISTA'NIA, Col. S-partedy permanent. Petals 5. Caps.l'CelUd,many-seeded. 

coofitta. DC. Pitt08poram-rd.alt. lane, ellip. acut. yel. 7. 9. N. S.W. 1805. Q.^. Sandy loam 
DC. Neriom-leared. lin. Ian. smth. ent. yd. 1804. 0,S^. if peat, eutt. 



PSrCtrOTMtlAfPSYCH'OTRIA, CaLH-tooth. Cor, tubular, ^-d^. Berry stnaU^subrotuMdyt-seed. 

«9fiptleiL B.B. eDiptical-leated.opp.ellip.lan.ent.8mth.^.ip. 2. 0. Brazil. 1820. S.^.Sandy loam 

if peat, eutt, 

WRTQUTIA, WRTQHTIA. CaUS^-lob. Cor, iak€r'Mha.:^l^y spreading, with d fleshy l-lobedsealee. 

mrrimm bji . scarlet. OT.lanc.smth.entacnm. so, 0. 8. £. Indies. S.|^. Loam if leqf 

mould, eutt, 

Mi£LO£tMNU8y MELODINUS. CaL Impart. Cor. qfH pet. Berry 2-ceU. and many-seed. Ger. smth. 

iMB^^jIBUi. B.B. one-styled. or. obi. acom. ent wh. 4. 8. 1810. S.S^xLPeat if loam. 

eutt. in sand. 

PETUNIA^ PETUNIA. Cal,5'tooth. Cor. large yS-lob. Stig. eapit. subbilob. Capt. 2-ce/Z. and 2-tf«d. 

■jclagbdfldn.B.MJaife-fiowered. ov. obi. pabes. wK 0. 8. S Amer. 1824. 6.9. Loam if leqf 

mould, eutt. or seeds. 

ECVITESf ECfflTES. CaL Impart, Cor, /tmnel-shap, limb H-part. Caps, long, l-eelledy and l-ralved, 

B.M. nodding. ov. acom. ent smth. ye2.0,9. W.Iod. lS20,S.^.cl.Loamifpeat, 
B Jf • Savanim-flow. or. obt macr. yel. 0. 8. 1759. S.3b*cl. eutt. 



COLVOMIA^COLLOMIA. Cal.5'part.glandu. Cor. salv.-shap, limb ShI^, Caps.l-cell. SeedsoUta. 

gnndlfidnL b.b. large-flowered. oU. lane ent. shin. bf. 0. 7. N. Amer. 1827. H.'H.Loam if peat. 

lrtevppli*jrfl*«B*B.varioas-leaTed. piimatif. acote.Till. pfc.5. 8. H.9. seeds. 

B.B. liBear-leaved. alt. sess. or. lane. smth. fl. 0. 7. H.2U 



90VANDItA,8OVANDRA.Cal.i'elift. Cor. funnel'Shap. limb reflexed. Berry l-^elled, many-seeded. 

large-flowered, ellip. Ian, ent. smth. yel. 7. Jamaica. 1781. S,3b.cl. Sandy loam 
Mm green-flow'r'd. lane, ellip. ent. smth. ^. 6. 0. Brazil. 1810. S.3^.if leqfmould. 

evttings. 

BRJ^XIA, BRE'XIA. Col. qf$ obtuse leaves. PetaU 5, otate, spreading, FHam. dilated at the bau. 

BidacaicaiicBris.B.R.Madagascar. obi. lane ent elong. ir^. 7. 8. Madagas.1816. S.S^.Peatif loam. 

prickly. Ian. mncr. spiny, elong. tr^. 1815. S.J&. cuttings. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



1, ElfrOCjI. Cal.S-part. Cor. caapan, limb i 
D.R. muty-Sowercd. lin. rough, lower Inp. 



•hhed. Sty. haiiy, bifid. Capi. manii-teeiift. 



N 



iABItONtA, ABRONIA. Perianth, laicer-ihap. limb i-part. Slam, unrqvat. Stig.cillmaon oiu i 
' niellirenu b.M. hortey-smeUuig. oT.loDg,il^k.ed,entJiiilb. w. 0. 8. N.Amer.ISSG. H.a. LigUli 

BDRCirELUA,BURCB'ELLIA. Cal.5-d<ft- Cer.fimn..Aitp.limbi.p<trt. Bctt.S-wB. 

Cape. cord. obL opp. «c. ■■ 0. C. B. S. 1618. O.^Iana ^j 



AFOCYNVM, DOG'S-BANE. Cor.tam. GI<m.S,aUtr.mthtluiltt. Sty.O. Sttg-bread. F«llk. 
■DdrDuemiiuUum.B.H.TuUan-rd. ov. smth. on both tides. ru.T. 8. N.Ampr.lGSe. H.^.^omArM 
hypcridtUiunr.Pcn.HypcricDin-l. obi. cord. smth. uA. 1758. H,$, pest, dm 



aciit. ich. B. E.Ind. 18!3. S.^.Levai^ , 
trh.O.T. Jamaica. 1TS4. S.Sb. nttiMgt^ 
laoV'BNlAfHOV'ENIA. Col.S-ck/t. Ptl.S,eoncolul. Sly.l. Stig.S. Capi.Z-ttU.Z-cah.^i-M 
.bcD. ^.4.6. Cliina. 1812. 0.£.PMt4'la 



I UUSS^XNDA.iauSS'XNDA. Cal.itflin.ug. Cor.mthlengtub.liiHbS-par. Capa.sE.».c(U.Ma)4 
I Axmd^BB. B.R. frandase. opp.ov.bnc.Bcu.vill. yet.O.S. Ceylon. 1815. 8.^.C«ui4'1 



l<Hig-lcflved. app. iaoc hc 



t.pub.ciiL$ft.T.8. Jamaica. 1703. S.£. SaaJgl 



VELL'EIA,VELL'EIA. T^.d/I-s Imwi. Cvr.fpHrrcif alike ioM. iSfy.eat. Capf.S-teU. See4em 

I lyrala. B.s. lyrate -leaved. s]iatli.lyr.dcD.att.atbaBe.y(l. N.Holl. IBIB. G.|^.5lndf li 

panul6xa. B.B. paradoucal, lyratc,obt.deiit.pabe3. ^ff. IHM. G.^. ^p«at. ««( 

OPLOTHfiTi, OPLOTBECA. Cat. (■£■. S-pnrtmi, tcAite * weoJli/. iVert. Iuft". 5-l«Kfcrf. Ger.tm 
floridina. B.u. Florida. Uacopp.andal.piibe*. «>A,B.O. N.Ainer.ISI'l. H.p.PMltk 

>»((«, ardiMd.fifl 

CO'Ria,CCrRIS. CoJ. Miifricow.S-tiwIAnf. C<ir.i!/'lp«l(il,a-<.'k/1.iiTrj'N. Ciq». S-mliitJ, aMi(Mi 
i.M. MoQtpelier. lin. nit. Kattcred. bl.pm. 0. T. S. Europ. G.H.Laamlff 



TRlOfSTEUM, FEVER-WORT. Ca/.S-pffrt. WciJinmr. Cvi-.(iiiiiJ.8-Io6. S(u«.5. Bwry >■ 

■tiewnitoUnm. 1. nnrrow-leaved. ov. lane. ent. yd. N.Amcr.lOOT. H.J. An^l 

ptrfiJiitum. u perfoliate. perful. ov. aciim, our, 17S0. 1 



^m 



PENTANDRIA MON06YNIA. 40 

BHglUli Form of Col.of Month Native Yr.or Soil and 

Ifaae. Name. Leaves, ftc. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

RAMONDAf RAifONDA. Cal.S-paried. Cor. ^if 5 petaU^ rotate. Ci^.qflceUywUhnumyueds* 

pjmifci W.eo. Borage-lesred. eUip. nig. cren. tern* bL 5. 6. Pyrenee8.1781. H.^.Peat ^T team. 
rcrMamw MfcM. Linn. seed^ or part- 

ing at tkt root, 

TKCTONA^TEAK'WOOD. Cal.caK^Mm.54i4obed. Cor. funnel-shaped, S-6'part, Drupe l-A-celled. 
gfiadii. I.. great. oboT.8cabr.entwb.ben« wh. 0. 7. E. lDd. 1777. S.|b. Cuttings. 

A'CHRA8,A*CHRAS. Cal.i'&parted. Cor.H-cW. Fruit l-celled. Seed single. 

Sifftti»L» conmoD. or. Umc* smth. wh.S.9. S.Amer. 1781. S4I^PArt4r^0<>^ 

cuttings. 

CHBYSOPHVLLUMj STAR-APPLE. Cal.5-€l^. Cor.camp.i-cltf. Ber.lO-ceU.witklseedineaek. 

JaCm tStftry. OT.falcdowny^hiii.beii. wik. 7.Martinico.l758. S.§^.Loam9^peatm 

broad-leaved. <nr.striat8hiD.downyben. w. 5. 6. W. Ind. 1787. S.^ cuttings. 



UDSKOXYLON^IRON'WOOD. Cal.5'tooth. Cor.rotate^S-clift. Neet.qfS scales. DrupeS-seed. 

khmm^tm smooth. oboT.smth. wk. 7. C. B. S. 160S. 0.3b,Loamifpeat. 

cuttings. 

AMDTSIA^AKDTSIA. Cal.6'part€d. Cor. salver-shaped, limb reftexed. Stig.l. Drupel-seeded. 

A.B.R. elegant. lan.cren.8hin.edge8,reT. ;>Ac. 7. 8. £. Ind. 1809. S.3b. Loam, peat, 

.u. crenate. eIlip.reToL8mth.cren. red. 6. 9. W. Ind. — — > 8,Sb.9flet{fmould. 

HC red-flowered. obL ent. smth. shin. not. 7. 8. E. Ind. 1816. S.S^.cutLor seeds. 

Mm dotted* lane cortac. sinaat. pk. 6. 8. China. 1828. S.|^. ' 

B.M* panided. coneat. obL ent. glan. ros* — ~ £• Ind. 1818. S.J^ ■ ■ 



LiGOTFOOTIAfLIGHTFOOTIA. Sep.H. Pet.6,closedhystam.hear.val. Stig.^5-cltf. Caps.tS-€eU. 

awl-leaTed. sabol. Pet. linear. bl. & C. B. S. 1787. G.^. Sandy loam 
B.G. slender. inclnsters,awl-8h.recnrv.62.0.7. 1822. Q.^jf. i^peat. cutt. 

BCJFYOLA,8CJE^VOLA. Cai.6-loh. Cor.qflpet.tubu.limb5-cl^. Neet.^-celled. Drupe single-seed. 

fhick-leaTed. obo.smtfle8h.8lighttooth.M. 8. 9. N. Holl. 1815. 6.J^. Peatifloam. 
B.P. smatt-frnited. alt. obov. smth. tooth. bU 6. 9. N. S.W. 1790. O.^. cuttings. 
H. Kcenlg's. obo. alt. ent. smth. pckre. -«~ N. HoU. 1824. 6.$. 



QAMJDtENIA^GARDtEmA. Cal5-7cltf. Cor./unneUshaped,li-9-parted. Stlg.Mfld. Berry2'5-ceUed. 

B.C. narrow-leared. eliip. lane. smth. ent. wh. 7. China. 1820. S.S^. Jjfamtfpeat. 

•.R. Chinese. OT.acntsmth.;jptn.axi. re.ir. 6. 8. 1810. S.J^. cuttings, in 

.Roz.bdl-flowered. lane acum. smth. st. 8. E. Ind. 1812. S.^. a little heat^ 

Cape Jasmine, eliip. both ends acnte. tr^. 7. 9. China. 1754. S.|^. wiUroot 

double-flowered. — — S.Jt. freely. 

B.S* large-flowered, lane. shin. wh. 1816. S.jjb- —— 

B.B« allied. oy.cord.nnd.acnm.smth. 10^. 7. £. Ind. 1828. H.S^. 

&&• rooting. lano.smth.;«hi»creep. ir4.4. 6. 1804. G.J^. 



l«W* 



0XY'ANTHUS,OXY'ANTaUS. Cal.S-tooth. Cor.with along tub. S-lob. Ft/.5. Sty.fllif. Ber.2-seU. 

f BtHsiM. PC.' tnbe-flowered. ellip. pnbes. wh. 7. S. Leon. 1789. 8.^. Peat if loam. 

cuttings. 

BIMOTLLIA, HAJUELUA. Cal.6-lob. Cor. tubul. 6-sided, limb 5-lohed. Stig.S-sid. Berry S-ceUed. 

EcB. spreading. tern. ot. obL viU. sc. 7. 8. W. Ind. 1759. S.^.Loamifpeaf. 

B.K. ▼entricose. tem.orqnater.lanc.shin. yel. — 1788. S.^, cuttings, 

H 



60 PENTANDRIA DIOYNIA. 

Systematic Bnglitb Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of Soil ai4 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c Flow, of Fl. Countiy. latrod. *" 



RANDIA,R INDIA. Col. 5'parted, Cor. salver-shapedyS'lobed. Stig.2,tkUk, Berry 2'CdUd. 

loogifldnu Sal. long-flowered, lane. obi. flat wh. 8. 9. £. Ind. 1818. 8.^. Samly 

Gardinia muU\fldra. w. ^pe^ ««<t* 

ROND'ELETIA.RONiyELETIA. Cal.A'S-clrfi,lob.lin,acu. C«r.4-5-2o6. StigMfid. 

americana. L. Anierican. laiic.botheDd8acuin.smtii.tr. 8. 0. W. Ind. 1752. S.||b« 



SERI'SSAfSERTSSA* Cal.5-partedylimb9obw. Cor.fiinnel'$hap.5'lob. Berry 2-<eited,jr»wwi<rf. 

Tcetida. b«m. Japanese. ellip. obov. ent. smtii. wh,pk. 6. 8. Japan. 1787. Q.Sb* Lmm ^. il# 

fi.JUra-plHa* double-flowering, 

SYMPH'ORIAyST.PETEIVS'WORT. Cal.limbesmaUyA'B-tootked. Cor.l-d^Med. Ger. 

glaiic^seeni. DC* glaneoas. ellip. acat. smtii. glaa. wk, 8. N.Amer.lSSO. H.j 

raeemdaa. Pb. Snow Berry, ellip. mncr. ent. pk. 6. 9. 1817. H.|^. cmUUigWk ' 

ASCVEPIASySWALLOW'WORT. CaU-c^f. Cor.5-pan, Poa.nuuaeefixedhgtijineend. SHgJ^ 

am^oena. R.S. oval-leaved. ov. ent. pilose, ben. pier. 7. 8. ' 1782. U.9. £Smdy 

curasB&vica. B.R. Cnrassavian. lane. smth. shin. sc, 6.10. 1692. S.^. «atf 

dec6inbens. B.M. decambent. obl.obt.macr.hairyben. m. 7.9. — — — 1781. H.9. 

incamita. b.r. flesh-coloured, lane woolly. pur, 1710. H.9* *^m<% ^ 

piilchra. b.f.o. pretty. opp. obi. cord, hairy, pur, — -* — — H.9* 

purpurftacens. r.s. purple-flow'r'd. ov. vill. ben. pvr, 1732. H.9« 

aalicifoUa. B.C. Willow-leaved, opp. lin. ent. smth. wh.pk, S.Ainer. 1816. O.9. 

tnberdsa. b.r. tuberous. alt. lin. lane, hairy. or, N.Ainer.1690. H.9* — — 

virg&ta* twiggy. Iin.kinc.acntpube8.ben. pile. -^— Mexico. 1804. H.Q. -— 

variegata. b.m. variegated. ov. rug. glau. wh, red, 7, 6. Florida. 1597. H.f. -^ 

verticillata. w* whorl-leaved, vertic.lin.edgesrevol. ^.pv. -^— NAiner.1769. H.9« — — 

CYNA'NCHUM,CYNA'NCHUM, Cvr, rotate, S-parted. Stig, acute. PoUenmaetes inflate 

acfitum. F1.6r. acute-leaved, cord. obi. smth. wk, 7. Europe. 1596.H.9.C2. 14fAI 

crassifdlium. R.8. thick-leaved, cord. ov.[fleshy, smth. ST.6. 9. C.B.S. 1816.0.|^.cl. 
nnd&tnm. A«rep. waved. cord.obl.obt apex acum. ST. 6.7. £. Ind. 1803. S.i^.cl. 

Vlncet6xicnm.Fl.D.officinal. ov. acum. edges ciliat. vA. S. 8. Europe. 1596. H.f. ^r 

viridiflorum. b.m. green-flowered, cord.ov. acum. sT«f^d.l0.12.E. Ind. 1814. S,^xL 



GOMPHOCA'RPtJSfiOMPHOCA'RPUS, Cal.5'part. Cor.qf5pet. PoU.maM9e»c9mp. SeedBi 

arborfscens. r.8. broad-leaved, ov. oU. smth. ir^ 1. 2. C. B. S. 1714. O.jb* Amfy 
frudcdsus. b.m. Willow-leaved. Im. lane. smth. wk. 6. 9. -— — O^ 4*^^ ^"^ 

PERlPLOCAyPERlPVOCA, Col. parted. Cor. rotatefH-cUft, Nect.B-ckft. Stig.i-nded. 

gr'apca. b.r. common. ov. ellip. ent. smth. pur, 7. 8. Syria. 1597.H.|lb.ci.ra— ^^Sitt 

laevigata, r.s. smooth. obt. lane, veiny^smth. tfel, 6. 8. Caiiaries.l779.6.^d!. cMUkigtk 



HO'YA^HO'YA, PoUenmaaeMfixedbf the base fCompreued, FoUieles mootk. Sudecoi 

canidta.B.R. fleUiy. ov. ellip. ent wJk. 7.10. China. 1808.O.||b*«<*^BaMl|r 
pAllida. B.R. pale-flowered, ov. lane. acum. ent. trA.pfc. 6. 7. ^-— O.^^U tpMC catt* 



PERGULARIAyPERGVLARIA. CalS-c^ft. Cor. ealver^kap. limb 5'part. Stig.obt. Setdt 

minor, b.m. small. cord, obtuse, pointed. 8t.6, 7. E. Ind. 1790JS. 

odoratlasima. b.m. sweet-scented, cord. acum. downy. yd. 5. 8. 1784.S.IM* ortti^ftt 

•anguiiiolenta.B.M.bloody-juiccd. ov. Ian. smth. stalked. yeU 8. 9. S. Leon. — S.S^ — — 



PENTANDRIA DIOYNIA. 61 

Byamntie Bnf Uill FArm of Col.of Month Native Trof Soil and 

Naaie. Name. Leaves, &c Flow. ofFI. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

GOirOLOBUS, GOKOLOBV8. Cw.rvtaU^fi'Clrfl. Aniken opening anuwaya. Stig.JUi. 

B.R. red-crowned« obL ellip. lane cord. tt, 9.10. Mexico. 1812.S.S.c2. Smdy ham 
B.M. difk-flowered* cord.obLaiidiil.}rabe.6Uc.pic.8. 9. — — — 1925 S.Sb,cL If peai,euU, 
Toidifl&nia. b.b. green-flowered, cord. ot. aciun. smth. gr, — — S. Amer. S»SbxL 

STAPEIsIA^STAPBLIA. Cw.^^l^^wkid'Skap^fieBhy. PoUennuusesJlxedbythebase. SHg.obt. 

I. R.t. acominate. Br. dangled, dent d,pw. 7. 9. C. B. S. 1795.D.S4^. Sandy Unun 

&.•• fpnice. Br.4-dd.8nith.ang.dent br, 6. 8. D.S.J|^. and brick 

tufted. Br. proc.4-cor.teethac. pur. 1790.D.S.J^.rtt6&MA.cac<- 

gnndifldnu B.8. great-flowered. Br, d-aded, clab-sh. d.pi(r. 9.12. — *» — D.S.S* '<iV «^' 

G«idteL Ctordon't. Br, ronn. tnber. spin, br, — D.S.|b.readt/y#<rtil:« 

Wjtiu glancons. Br. sqnarey ang. round. re.p. 6. 9. — 1710.D.S.|^ root, if dried 

s.t« haiiy. Br.pricUy;>I.flat^ry.d.p.6. 8. -^— D.S4&. a/«i(7 diq^s 

B.1. hooked. Br. tooth.;>I.flat,ciliat.pturc.6. 9. —— IW5,J}.S,S^, brf&repUtnt' 

beaffBte. w. flesh-coloured* Br, erect, square, dent. car. 1793. D.S.^. ta^ . 

WLB. shining. Br.squ.TelT.teetli.erect jm.G. 8. 1821. S.S* 



8ALSrOlJk,8ALTWORT. CaLqflleqffi'cUf. C«r.O. Ger.roaiitf. Sty,2ari,unitMthebaMe, Capa.qfleeU 

UL E.FL prickly. awl.8h.rou.prick.;s<m.an. g. 7. 8. Britain H.fl. Sandy 9oiL 

9eed$, 

'UUnZfiy ££Jf« CaLrfl 2eq^,4-S or^clrft. Cor.O. Cops, campr, qfl eelL SeedaolUary^ round, campr. 

w. American. pubes.acum.8err. ^. 4. 5. N.Amer.l752. ll,^JStrong loam, 

E.FU common. bi-8err.2-inch.long,l-br. pu, Britain H.C. 9eed$ or iay- 

Hombeam-rd, OT.acutcren.cord.atbase.^.— Siberia. 1776. H.Cers, and 

curled-leaved, bi-serr. downy, ben. 62. N.Amer. H.C. grqfting, 

gttbra. SJB. 8mtii-lu>rWych-£lm.ov.lan.8mth.8err.uneq. jmr. 3. 4. Britain H.C. 

OHyer. B.B. DutchCork-bariL.ov.aca.8cabr.above,pub. br, .... H.C. 

■WBtina, B.B« broad-leaved. obo.pobit,8enr.dow.ben. gr. A, 5. — — .... H.C. 

■kniphyllB. P.S. smaU4eaf ed. ov.lanc small, cut, serr. 6r. Siberia. 1776. H.|b. — — 

W.eD. pendulous. doubly senr.uneq.at base. gr« N.Amer. H.C* 

B.B. eommon. neariyorbic.cord.bi-serr.pit.3. 4. Britain H.C* 

rtricli.Iiiid. oprii^ti obov.point.8mth.shin.above. 5.6. — — •••• H.fD* 

CtrSCUTA, DODDER. CdLcnp-iht^.A^S-part. Cor, qfl pet. A-S-part, Ftlam.4or6. Caps. iif2 ceUs, 

E |4 t hymuui >B,FL leaser. stm. twin, round other p\,wh, 7.10. Britain H.^.c/. Sandy peat, 

E.F1. greater. «<«i.filLtwin.on other pl.to.rc.8. 9. England H.fl.cl. seeds. 



tWS^RTIA, FELWORT. CaL^fllet^fyH-part. Cor,wkeel'8hap.6'part. Nee.l0y2attk€baaenfeachpet, 

WcfanziftBa B»s. American* oy.smth; Br. shorter. gT.3f.7.8. N.Amer.l824. H,'B,Loam if peai. 
f*—f**^ £jn. manh. ov. attenoat nerv. 6r.piir.— — England H.9. dirtd. roots, 

MEUCB'ERAfALLUM'ROOT, Cal.S'tooth. Pet.S,inurt.incal. Stam,S. Caps.2'ceU.many-ued, 

American. 7-lob. tooth, roughlsh. pur. 5. 7. N.Amer.l656. H.9* Light loam 

,. amall-flowered. cord.orbic.cren.8ub.6-lo.^. ■ 1827. H.9. and peat, 

Ridiardson's. orbic. lob. dent, subcil. gr. HJj^.divid, roots. 

Ph. viUoBS. acutely lobed, vilL pk. 1812. H.||. 



MlCROLCtMA^ASICROLO^UA. Cor. tubular, ii^ed. Anth,sagHt. Pollen masses compr. pendulous, 

m^xSttam, u«K. arrow-leaved, opp. sag^tt. pubes. sc. 7. 8. C. B. S. 1775.0.S.c<. Sandy loam 

tf peat. cuti. 



IT n 



^^k PENTANDRIA DIOYNIA. 


■ 


1 


^^V ajimmilic Enillih 


l'oiin..f Col^f Month Killrt Tr* 




«.Uil#1 


^^B Nuit. 


Lcarri.&c. Plom. om. Cuuolrj-. lolrw 




--piSJ 


^^^CUSSONUfCUSS'ONIA. Cal. B-T-fMlArd. P^loIiB-T. S(j(I«S!-S. FmitS-S-wIW. 


1 


^■^ qtkdtm. w. quked. 


palm, leafl.acut. eat. r-».10. C.B.S. 1TB9 


O.^L,^t,^ 


thyrilflora. w. Tliyrsc-flowyd.palj^eE.obt.tn.n.S-dpnt. yr. . 1705 


0-SS. 


cutti«gi.m 


BERNrARIA,RUPTVRE-TrORT. CaLitfideepmg. Cor.O. Fii.6,aid-i*a. Cop*. ofl cell. Sratiiqd 


olplam. DC. AlpiDc. 


obo.acDLBinLb.edgeacilt jT.7. 8. S.Eurap. ISIS. 


H.f.Vgkium} 


glkbra. E.FI. (mootb. 


opp. eilip. fring. gr. T.England 


H.e. 


a,dp^\ 


hlnatB. B.FI. bairy. 


ov.hairy,Qpp.;ifn>.pruc. yr.7.8. ... 


H.y.Med.,.fc«tb 


CBENOFODIVM, GOOSE-FOOT. CaI.o/1 («j/-,n.m:.S-c((f(. Cor.O. Gcr.orftic-. 


Slu-Mhart. StigM. 




triang. slightly toothed, red. 0. 6. Britain 


H.a. 


Sandy Umi 


flcilBUiiro. B.B. Fig-lcBved. 


sioiiat.JH^pJ, hast. gr.B.O. England 


H.a. 


Mt4*. , 


frnlicdsum. r.s, slinibby. 


fleihy,round,obt.inibri. gr. .... 


H* 




8al,atafnticd>a. E.FI. 






• 


glaitcuni. E.F1. Oak-lcavcd. 


o1)l. tooth. glau. mealy. ben.gT. 7. e. England 


H.a. 




imirfle. E.FI. netUe-lenved. 


ov. dent. acot. ftlnn. yf.8. 9. — ■ -■ .... 


H.«. 




maritimiini. E.FI. oca. 


ait. smth. awl-aheatb. jr. 8. .... 


H.a. 


: 




OT.obt.ent. gr. 7. 6. .... 


H.a. 


rtbrura. E.FI. red. 




H.a. 


■ ^ 


lirbicum. E.FI, oprielil. 


lai^e,lriaDg,acut.delit. ^. 8. .... 


H.a. 





BE'TA,BEET. Cal.HS deqt icgmcnti. Cor.O. Gtr. dqraKd. SlyltlcrS. aUg. 


dCHK. 






OT. ent.wBty ; ttm. proc. gr. 6. 8, Britain 


H.».Sad, 1^ 


^^H 






««(t^ 


^^h GENTrANA,GENTIAN. Cal. in i-r 5 itg. Cor.tubH.ioT&.elrf. C<ip).o/2vale.l!\cill. 


S«4<MII^ 


^^m alpfna. s.c. Alpine. 


sess. OY. ent. smth. W.5.T. SwlUerl. 1S18. 


H.J. 


Said, bM 


^^ Miillui. E.n. dwarf. 


cllip.lMcacut.;rt«i.4.|id.W.a. 5. Wales 


H.». 


««Jp«l. 


Amar^tH. r.i. Antainnal. 


aess. or. 3-ribb. acut piuH. B.Britain 


H.B. 


dividing* 


tuclepiadfa. B.H. gwaUow-nort-ld.amplex. Of.lanc. M. T. 8. Austria. 1620. 


H.B. 


lurfl,tr 


tavirica. l. Bavarian. 


spat.eDt. ; sfm.elonE.l-fi. W. GennMn. 1TT5. 


H». 


ttOi. 


Cate.b*"i. A.Bep. Cateaby"*. 


opp. tern, lane smth. H.6. 1. N.Anier.I776. 


H.B. 


■ 


eradilta. n.s. croM-leaved, 


decius. connat. shcatb. ll.l. 8. Austria. I59C. 


H.f. 


— 


crinlla. b.f.O. jag^d-Sower 


d.Une.acut;Ci>r.quadrir. bl. N.Amer.1804. 


H.O. 


.' 




obi. obov. S.nerred. W. 8. 9. ■ 1820. 


H.J. 


— — 1 


incamata. h.m. llEsh-colaored 


0¥.jFr.iDclaslerB.carD. IB12. 


H.I). 


. 


Ibtea. R.B. yellow. 


ov. rerv. elong. yel. 6. 7. Alps Enr.lsoe. 


H.B. 





ochrolpfica. b.b. Pale-white. 


opp. ov. lane smooth, vifi.8.9. N.Amcr.l803. 


H.|l. 







liD.iaiic.obt. (1.0.10. Englaad 


H.». 


- 


pamUa. L. d«wf. 


spat. enLsmlh. bl. Switicri.lBlT. 


H.». 







cniclat i Cor. 5-7-fleft. 61. 6. 7. LevanL 1S04. 


H.e. 





SapandriB. B.H. barrel-flowcred.ov. lane; Cor. lO-cleft. W. 9.10. N.Amer.l776. 


H.J. 





B vbaa. E.B. spring. 


o». scut, crowd. bl. 4. S. EnglMd 


H.e. 





^^H ailifl6ni. one-ttowered. 


ov. lane, enu acute. ti.6. 7. Canaries-lBaS. 


H.fi. 


— 


^^^ £RyNGIi;jf,£KyA'GO. J'Jnr.nsgreff. Cai.<ifeacl>iifiegu.lMt.Ptt.S,tqu.and 


c.Fr«if.>r.bU«J 




pinnalif.lobe9spiny,e&t.M.T.8. Syria. 1049. 


H.V.&.«I>4 


slpinum. B.M. Alpine. 


cord.iien-.upp.palm.cmaL 61. 8. 9. Swiucrl.1597. 


H.B. 


-m*,.- ■ 


Brari^ti. s.i. cnl-leaved. 


orUc.a-pBit.segm.p'mnat.M. <).9.S.Francc.I73I. 


H.».i««.~<a 




ampl. k>w. 2-3-pniDatif. wk. Britain 


H.». 


1 


maritimiim. B.FI. jea. 


rannd , plait, -piny. W. 8. 9. .... 


H.», 


-1 


pUoDin. B.s. flat-leave.1. 


ov.creii. Hat. W Euroiw. 1406. 


H.». 


1 






MMHl 



PENTANDRIA DIGYNIA. S3 

QrataBatle Bigllih Fonnof CoLof Month Native Tr.of Sollind 

Num. Name. Leavei>ftc. Flow. ofFL Country. Introd. Propagation. 



ECBIirOPHORAf PRICKLY-SAMPHIRE. C^LqfSrigidUauM^Pit.obov.weq.Frmioc. Seedl. 
ipWn.£.FL aet-|NunDip. bipiniuitiegm.awl-ali.8pL«. 7. Enc^d H.f. AoMly mO. 

JhtUCUS, CARROT. CaLmudLPit.^-^. Fruit emp. ohL S€ed$wUhAr9WiqffTiekk$frm^k/j^Jlai. 
■■ItitfDi. E.FL sea. tripiiiJeafl.piiiiiatfle8hy» ro. 6. 7. .... H.IS. Sandff loam. 

BANFCUMiA^SANICLE. CaUteu.i-fd. Pit.5,nearL equ. in the barren fior. Ger.nnmd^brii. S€ed$2. 

e■np^Ml.B•FL wood. palm, lobes trif. lerr. wk. Britain ^.^Lighiloam. 

Mslttiidica. s.s. Maryland. digit, leaf. obL serr. wh. N Amer.1765. H.flf.orpart, root. 

CA*UCALIS,BVRrPARSLEY. Cai.qfliUaiees,wuq. Pit.5,obo. SeedtwUh A rowoqf hooked pric1de$. 

—lUinlfi L. Ifanritanian. bipinnatif.flegmJinJan. wh. 0. Manritan.1818. H.flU Sandjf mU. 

uede. 

B&BON^ BVBON. Imoohicrenfmanyleave$. Frmtovatey ^-ribbed^ vUUnu, compreeeed. 
i>4P^riiT— "t sc. Iiovage-leaTed. triterJeaf.OT.ciineif.8er.^.y.8. 9. C« B. 8, — *— G.^. •— — — 



TORTLIS, HEDGE-PARSLEY. CoLekortyneorly equ. qf 6 leaves. Pet.5^obo. Fruit rib. Seederib. 

AittifKM. E.F1* nprigbt. biphui.leafl.pinnat.8er.ii7.«r. 7. 8. Britain. •••. H.TL Sandy soil. 

needs. 

HABMBfONIAf HARRIS'ONIA. CaU-patt. Cor.fleshJimbS'tooth^keug.aeu.obliq. PoLmasses2. 

laHfeenii«»B.iff.Honey-iackle-lk.opp.decu8s.e]]ip.cord. red, BraziL l8i37.S,Sb»cUPeat^loam. 

young cutt, wUi easUy strike root t» sand. 

aCA79DIXfSHEPHERiyS'NEEDLE. Cakuneq.undkt. Ger.eomp. Sty. short. Stig.obt. Fruitribb. 
pinatffida. cot-leaTed. decomp. pinnatif. smth. trA. Persia. 1805. H.ft. Seeds. 

CHMROPHYUtUM, CHERVIL. CakO. Pet.5fUneq.obo. Ger.smth. Sty.short. Stig.l. Fru. smth. 

Chyttei. Plu sweet-rooted. biter.pabe.^<m.jointstam.tiT. NJLmer.1806. H.'^. Sandy loans. 

tf ■■l/ntiiini EJl. rooglu twice pinn.leafl.lobed. wh, Britain H.l^ ueds. 

KVKRUlSjCICELY. Cal.O. Pet. rather uneq.obov. Ger,furrow.ifsmth. Sty.awl-shap, Stig.capii, 

•doffttn, E.FL sweet-scented* tripinn.leaflJanccntser. w. S. 6. ■ * ■ .... H.9- Gard. loam. 

seeds. 

FBRVLAjJPERU'LA. Inoskure various. Fruit ovatSfJUilyeonipressed with Z obtuse dorsal rihs. 

fCnica. A.rep. Periian. leafl. mnltif. decnrr, yel. 7, 8. Persia. 1782. H.9« Gard, loam. 

seeds* 

liGWSTICUM, LOVAGE. Cal.qf6Uaves. PetalsS. FiXam. shorter than the corolla. Sty.anguUw. 

esmubi^nae. U Cornish. bLor tripin.leafl.wedge-sh.i9 6. 7. Britain H«9. Sandy soil. 

mUkmauESL Soottiab. biterJeafl.bn«dyacnt.ser.ic7.-— .... H.^. seeds. 

nPLErURUM,HARE^S-EAR. CaLO. Pet.5,equ. FiL longer than the cor. Gerjurr. Seeds S-ribb. 

mff O i mmi , w» angobu-. amplex. cord, lane st. 5. 7. Switzerl. 1769. H.9. Sandy loam, 

caridfiUom. w« Carex-leaTod. lin. attenuated at base. st. 1884. H.9. seeds. 

gnadnifiilnB. ••«• grass-leaved* lin. smth. Invol. ft-5-lv'd. st. 1768. H.9. 

ki^gififiHD. SA long-leaved. ov.obl.yS<maeave8amplex.sf. — 1718. U.9. — — 



N 

k 



PENTANDUIA DIGVNIA. 

EaRllib rann or CoJ^C Muiiib N>iiTt Tr.nf 

Odontitffl. B.B. naiTow-leaTcd. lio.lau. acut. 1-g incb.l. fwjT- 7. Eagland.1718. H.a. — - 

ntundlfalmni.E.Fl. common. ov. perfol. glan. all. yei.O.J. H.3. 

lennUHmom. E.FL dcndcr. lia, lane, 3-ribb. bIbu. ytl, 1. 8. .... B.a. 

FEUCEDA'NVM, SULPHUR-WORT. CU-qfattetk. P*(.5,oft»Mte. Fikm Jogger than c«ro 
abrea. D.B. Golden-flow'd. lcafl,pinDitif.Eegm.lm. grd. 6. CBiiiiriet.ITT9. G.V. Light 

offidnilc. E.FI, Hog's-rennel. Leafl.tcm.lin.lan.a-rib. yd.!,.!. England H.^. teei 

Oatruthinm. great. bilera.l<;afl.2-3 in.toug. wA. Scotland H.y. •-• 

ImperatAria OttTitkmvt. B.B. 

rORnVLJUM, HART-WORT. Cal.e/Sliaca. PtLB.obot;. Ctr.Bc.brirtty. Sty-nteUi^ 

mdiimiuD. E.FI. gieaL pioii. leafl. lane. serr. reil.G.T. England H.3.£ 

officinale. E.FI. snulU pin n.leafl.ov. lob. notch, vh. 7. ■■■. H.fl. 

HYDROCO'TYLE, WHITE-ROT. Cal.O. Pei.B.ejB. Ger.nHiid,tmth.Ht<b. Fr:koUoaatthtiU( 

TDlgaiis. E.PI. aaniaoD. orbic. peltate, cren. ufe. 9. 0. BritaiD. ....H.ip.V. PoX. d 

attlun 

LASERPITIUM, LASER-WORT. Col. S-taolked. Ptt.S,tAetatt,iotchtd. Fruit comFr.tibnf. 
aqaiU-gifoliimi. vr. Columbiim-lv'd.S-S-ter.scg.O'v.cord.dEnt. v. 5, AuUria. ITDG. H.^. SnJjU 
glibnini. DC. smootb. liipinnat.seg.cord .deiit. pu. 6. 1824. H.0. icf<li> 

ATHAMA-NTA, STONE-PARSLEY. Col. qf 5 laita. Pet.S.aba. Ger.daumy.furro. S<«IS-rit 
Mallhi6U. DC. fine-leaied. plonaliiesL Mgin. lin. uS. 6. 7. Caniioia.1802. W.^.S/aiylm 

I 

^MSrUM,FENNEL. CaLO. Pa.6,iA«B.aptxi*fiextd, Ger.itriated. Sty.rccurc. Fruit eUip.tUti 

atbamfiDticum. E.FI. Bald-money. bipinn.1c«6.opp.inultlf. yel.*.9, BKtain H.fl. LigUm 

Fcenlculum. L. commonFeDDcl.tripinu. IcatI, awl-ih. ytt, ■■-. H.i(, »«itt, W 

CORtA'NDRVM, CORIANDER. Cal.qfSliroadutHq.ltav. Pet.5. Fndtmth.TtbUK. Srrditm 

I Mdynm. E.FI. common. bipinn.npp.lvi.Un^iesm. icb. 0, England H.S.Sandjbm^. 

\ ie<d*. 

■ JBTau-SA,FOOUS-PARSLEY. CaLufhmaUUartt. Pet.i-M. Gn-.«./«r«w. SccdtM.t-riUlA 
Cjm&piom. B.B. letter Hemlock, bi^nu.tegoi. Uuc. wk.T. 9, Britain H.fl.A 

SMY'RNWM,ALEXANDBR'B. C<il.itfimudlUavea. Pf(.S,*ja. Gfl-.a»eK.*/wT. &«(«<-nUii| 

OhuatnuD. E.FI. common. bitern.upp.tcrn.leaQ.scr. i(. S. 0. ■ ■ - ■ H.S- Xv^' ^ 

tad*- 

CONIUIU, HEMLOCK. Cid.obickte. Pcl.S,abov. Ctr.icHHkltd. fmilorote.lO-ritW. 
nttculatora. E.FI. common. LeaH.ov.pinnat.islni.Bpflt.ici. 6. 7, H.B. Smtgt' 



ARCH ANGELICA, ARCHANGELJCA. Cat. B-toothtd. Pel. dlip. incun. Fruit a littU ttmfV 

•fficinalis. DC. garden, bipinn. Icafl. o«. smth. wA, 6. B. Engkmd H.lS.Gvda 

Angelica Arcluingilica, e.B. tit* 

CRrTBMUU,SAaPHIRE. Cal.cJ iimaU cone. luntM. P«.5,iM«rB. Gtr.furroteed. SttdttfM 

^larltinium. E.F1. een. bitcrn.lcBfl.laoc.flciby. sd.T.O. Britain »-9. Snodf 

ttedt, »T ptrl. 



PENTANDRIA DIGVNIA. 51 

It. Leim, 4t. rinw. «[F1. Coiinlr)'. InlPid. Prop«giilod. 

k-PARSNEP. Cat. Iff & mail Itav. F€t,5,tqit.obo, Ger.atriat Fr.ev^ar, SeedS-rih. 

n. E.FI. Darmn'Iv'd. p[iin.1ca6.uneq.lob.KrT.D&.7. B. BritoiD H.ic,^, Mud. itedt. 

~ ~ broad-leaved, pion. leaB, obi. lone wh. .... H.p. 

^.BONE-WORT. CuLiehf. bUal.toolh. Pet.6,cqa.cba.paiHt. Gtr.m. Sty.fhnr. Seri3-rili. 
lE^. Hedge. pbi.smtb.gr.npp.Ier.3-lab.g. S. D. .... H.fi. Light ioam. 



pina. leafl. ov. Mrr. wh. S. 8. Eugland H.^. Sandy Iwun. 

pJD.leatl.eUip.serr.up.bip.u'. Brit^a H.f. tttda. 

SESELI, S^SELI. Irntot. nf tnuns Uavt: Cnl.e.denfic. Pet.obeord, Fruit obi. teilk rrfitxed alyUt. 

im. Ex.B. giiinmy. IiipDrt.glau.leafl.lrifid. ytl. Crimea. ITIO. H.IS. Sandy loam. 

B.FI. mDuntain. bipinuatif.scgDi.laDC.acut. Britain. .... H.f. 

iltliMiiihi l.iban6tit. L, 

[Sffdi erale, tli^litty furrowed. 
(ESANTIIE, WATER-DROP-WORT. Cal.<tf5liirge wuqvidUmts. Pei.S.oW. Ger./arrou-ed. 

■fnftUa. u. Pauley -Iraved. Iripian. opp. pinn. wh. 5. 8. PortDgBl.ISOe. H-lfi. Sandy ooil, 

.a.a.«. Siilphnr-wort. pinii. leal], lin. aciit. red. 0. 9. S.Giirop.lSSO.H.ir.V. or hi md. 

In.E.Fl.BBmetSBxifi'iige.bipiuu. leufl. cUip. can. Kngland H.ir.^. uedi, or 

part, roolt, 

t, petaU. 
faloe-flowered. 9-part»egni.3-lob.eD.puli.U. N.Holl. H.S. 



mpm. a.M. beautiful. obi. acnt. opp. Calcutta, 182B.S.S.cJ, — 

JKMI,BtSBOP'S.WEED. Cat. af 6 leatt: Pet, obovate, mtehtd. Fruit compreaed, oblang. 
■4^ Fl.Cr. great. pinnatif. opp. lobes ser. wA, 0. T. Europe. H.a. Sandy loam. 

BfUCBTSTELMA, BRACBYST'ELMA. Cal. S-parled. Cor.campanalalr, S-hbed. 

(Aptun. B.M. crifped- leaved. ellip.lBiic.opp.glaadul.br.fr. C, B. S. 1829. O.lfi. 

fUublaiD. B.tt. spatulate-lv'd. spat.ob.Bub-rep.pilo.duW/m. .— ... 1826, G.©. -^—^ 

CaYPTOSTE-GfA,CRrPTOSTE-GIA. Cal.ofs Uare>. Cor. funnel-shaped, Umb 5-p Jt^ ' sJles 5'. 

^ padiOira. B.R. large-flovcered. opp. cllip. obi. cut. roj.e. 8. E. Ind. S.^.d. Sandy loam 

and peat. cull, under a hand glaaa, in a little heat, will lifike root. 



PKNTANDRIA TRIGYNIA. 



OBDER III. 

TRIGYNIA. Styles 3. 

nktlc Enillib Fonnar CoLnf NDnm Ngtlvr Vr.nr Sol] H 

VIBVRNVM,GV ELDER-ROSE. Cat.S-cUf. Cor.i^flpeC.i-lob. Ger,cm^. Sty.O. Stlg.l. Set 

acerift^iutn. B.s, Maple-leaved, cord.ov.oflenS-lab.scr. teh.S.I. N.Amer.lTSQ. H.$. Sandy la 

casaiDofdes, R.s. Uiick-leaved. ov. lane. cren. smth. wli. IIGI. H.£. culHugi* 

deotatuni. h,s. toolh-leaied. ot. mjt. smtli. tofc. I7S6. H.S- lay«», 

Lnntina. E.Fl. Way-raring-tree.cord. serr. palies. iDA.a, 6. Britaio H.^ 

O'pulaa. E.FI. common. 3-lob. serr. decid. teft. .... H.S. 

<)doratiuiiiium.B.R. meet-sceiitcd. eliip. obLopp. smth. kA. China. IBIS. F.$. 

pob^ens, R.S, (lonnjr. ov.acum.serr.vilU ben. loft.G.T. NAnier. H.$. 

nigdanDi. b.r. rugose-leaved, ov. nig. hiilry,beD. ec'i.4. 5, CanHricB.I7D6. H.|t, 

l^Dus. B.N. LaurustiDiu. ov, obi. ent. icA. 12.4. S.Enrop. 1596. H.^. 

1, hirtuni. hairy, teh. 1— H-S. 

2, llicidiiRi, ihining. .••••••• • tck. H..S. 

3, ftl. argintta.nlt!€ry-teatied, ...•.....••••. irh. — - H.J. 



m BAM BVC US, ELDER. Cal.S-parl. Ctr.i-cUft. Fila-iulong ailhepelala. Bern/ ((f I all, Saiti. 
Bcwud^ndl. Canada. pinnatir. scgm. ov. obi. wA.e.S. N.Amer.IT6I. H.^.Saudyln 

r nceiQosB. R.s. rocemc-flovi'g. pinnatif.Begni.obl.acum. «(.S, 0. S.Europ. ISi)6. H.^.<Miii«rfi 



■" 

^^M CORRIcr OLA, STRAP-WORT. Cal.i.part.abov.amc. Pel. 5, otioratt. SlyleS. Sudl,iiaitUd. 
^^B UtDiilis. E.FU laud. lin. lane, e 

^^B STiPHYLeA, BLADDER-NUT. Cal.S-paH.conc. Pel.5. Ger.2,9r clffl. Stg-Sori. Capt.lfrl. 

ptnnita. E.FI. coinman. piDn.Dpp.1eiifl.ov.serT.jfr.y(.l. 6. .... H.^. GanLIti 

trifolia. oc. three-leaved, tern. ov. serr, icb.S. 6. N.Amer.IMO. HS.attdtefti 

TA'MARJX,TAMARICK. CoI.^Sscy. Prf.S.Dio. Ger.oir. Sty.O. Stig.Z. Capi.<iftceai[ln 
gillica. E.FU French. laD.acuLsmtli.sp.atbase.rf J. T. 8. England H.^ Saaig m 

MYRICA'RIA, MYRICA'RIA. CaLs-parleii. Fet.S, Sly.a. StonLfAorl. Stig.atpilalt. 

germ&nica. DC. Ocnnon. Ud. lan.scsa. pk.6. 9. Gennan.lSSZ. H.^ LigU Ita 

Tiiaarix gtrm&nica. L. <tUugK 

rVRNERA, TURNETRA. dd-fiatail-shap. a-c(eft. Cor. ^5 p*(. Stig. aultifid. Cops. l-teUti, t 

Ketmta-flow'd. ov.ellip.acut,atbathends. </. > Trinidad. 1813. 8.^JMm^rii 



^^■MMdflon. 



RB'US,SVUACB. Cal.S-parlcd, Pet.S,oraii,ipread. Style 3. Slig.S. DrHpel.ctUe<l,l-i«rt-i 

B6ckn.Anif'Ua.WaU.Walnut-lvd. large, nigose, downy, gr.yel. Nepal, 1833. G-S. PtM.U. 

Cotinus.B.s. Venice. obov, entire, unth. ^. J. B, S.Europ.ie5S, H.^^lt^tfmt 

javftnica, R.g. Java. pinn.ov, acDm. serr, irft. Java. 1799. S.J. tnlthf 

jugUndlfDlia. d.p, WalauI-leaved.pinD.lciifl.ll-lSpain.Dbl.g'r. S.Amcr. 1826. G.^. 

lOctda. DC. shining, palai.lead.obov.obt.eDt.fr. C.li. S. 1097. G.£. 



PENTANDRIA TRI6YNIA. 57 

STstcnntic EsflUli FMn of CoLof Month Nalive Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Leaves, Ac. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 



pwifldnu DC. Bnall-Bawered. palin.tero.leafl.obo.creo. gr, 7. 8. Nepaol. 1824. 0.|^. 

iBaKBtwa. B.S. hury. palm.teni.leafl.ellip.ieiT.jT. C. B. S. 1601. 6.|^. 

tipyaa. i« Viri^nlan. pioo.leafl.laocaconi.8er. pa. N Amer.1629. H.|^. 

TiwirndfadrDo.i>c. Poison Oak. pioo. leafl. ent. pubes. wh. 1640.H. J^.W. 



CASSINEyCASSINE. CoLS-part. Pet. ^-spread. Ger.l. Style 0. Stig.Z. Drupe ^-celUdyt-seed. 



DC. Cape. or. retnie, cren. flat wh. C. B. S. 1629. O.J^.Lomn S^peat, 

OHfo&a, w, Colpoon-tree. ovate, eoL serr. at base. wiL 1791. G.J^. euttinge. 

DC. Uottentot-clieny.8e8s.obov.eot. smth. wh. 1690. Cj^. ■ 



8PATH^LIA,MOUNTAIN'PRIDE. CaL 5'pmi. coTd. C^. of 5 pet. FiLelufrt. C<^.M.Z'nded. 

■Bptfi. »,R, Somach-leaved. pinn. ov. deot. 6r.picr Jamaica. 1788. 0,§^Peat if loam. 

euttinge. 

BAS^LLA, MALABAR NIGHTSHADE. Cai.O. Cwr.7'CUift,b€eom,aberr.the2itpp.eeg.thelargeit. 

flba. B.t. white. ov. ondoL Peduo. loog. wh. 7.11. £. lod. 1688. S.l$.cl.Loam 4* peat. 

CQvdifiBa. R.S. heart-leaved, cord, roooded, smth. pk. 1802. S.li.cl.euit. or seeds, 

labia. wuBm red-flowered, flat, pedsm. ; simple. pk. 7. 0. 17SI. S.V.d. 

POBTULACr ARIA, PURSLANE-TREE. Cal.qf2leaves. Cor.qfSpet. Seedl-wiugedytft-eomered. 

■ ifii. BC Alricaiu opp.roond.fle8hy,8mth. ros. 7.10. Africa. 17S2.D.O.|^. Loamtfpeat. 

cult, or seeds. 



ORDER IV. 

TETRAGYNIA. Styles 4. 

[Caps. <^A cells. 
PABITASSIAi GRASS OF PARNASSUS. Cal. <{f 1 leqf, S-part. Pet. 5 conea. Neet. qf 5 Jleshy scales. 

nc* Asarom-leaved. reoif. npp. cord, orbic wh. 8. 9. N.Amer.l8I2. H.9* P^*^ ^ 2<Mim 
B.M. Carolina. orbic npp. ovate. irA.5. 0. CaroUaa.1802. H.9* m^ them 

E.F1. mardi. cord. smth. acnt wA. 7. 8. Britaio H.9* ^^y v^hen 

the pots are placed in a UttU water, divid. roots, or seeds. 



ORDER V. 

PENTAGYNIA. Styles 6. 



iTATICEf THRIFT. CaLfmnnel-shapedy undivided. Pet. 5. Caps* of I cell, if 1 voice. Seed solitary. 

\ i^jfcH. Alpine. lio.flat,acQte,edge8mem.vio. 5. 8. Cariothia H.9. Loam ^ leqf 

I fcrti 11111 toothed. fin. flat, dentiadatc. /I, — Italy. 1816. H.9. mould. 

" * M ft- W.en. emai^ate. spatul. notched. bl. 6. 7. Gibraltar F.lff. cuttings, or 

w. brmd-leaved. pobes. scape panic li. Porta^al.1740. H.ljf- port, roots. 

B.M. aooUop-leaved. lyr. dnnat. npp. Mn. fri.ye. Levant 1629. F.9* 

I 



^^M fiO 


PENTAGYNIA. 


n 


^^H 


Foru. .,f c..l.«t Monlli Nil..f V..«f 


-x-i 


1 Ninw. Nanic. 


L<r»«.&c. Pio«. u(Fl, cuunir)-. lairiil 


'"■"^ 


1 TAX ANTHEMA, SEA-LAVENDER. Cal.Ubular,li.l«,fhed. Cor.«/Sptt,di,iu,tcf,td. J 


^^ belliJifolia. Fl.Gr.Dai^-l(ave<l. 


obuv. spat cnt. W«e. Greece. 1823. 


o.v-t-itUriM 




ellip.obl.macr.l-ribb.blKe.G.g. England 


H.ll.fc.m.^ 


^^^1 StUict Liminium. e.b. 




tug ro.lt. \ 


^^^B nwcropbylla. 5.8. laTge-lcaved. 


laoc mucr. gtouc. bhwh. S. G. CaDarie«.l816. 


F.9. .i 


^^^B KlicaIata.R.s. matted. 


ipatbul.eat.i(alkdott. pur.T.B. England 


H,B. J 


^^H Smke Tttiatlila. 






^^H qKCidia. B.F.G. Pbntain-W'd. 


obov. casp. mucr. ros. 8. 9. Boiaia. ITT6. 


B.». M 


^^^B SliiUe tpteidM. b.m. 






^V ipic&ta. R.I. .piked. 


linuale. pinn, wh. 6. 9. Caacai. 1828. 


H.a. 1 


^^m tkt&rica. L. TartJirian. 


lanc.obt.v.i.ndul.rancr. pfc. Russia. 1731. 


H.e. — M 






H.B. — ^ 


^^ S«(i« »pDi/.Hldta. W.en, 






LINVM, FLAX. Col. Spared 






B.«.L«.t>iJ 


Mcyriioliiim. h.k. Woe and white 


cord, ovale, piibes. wh.bt. Portug. 1800. 


H.».p,r,i» 1 


dpinam. w. Alpine. 


lin. awl-8b.;ri™.decnm.«. Austria. 1T39. 


H.B.™.»,».Al 


■rbbreum. w, tree. 


obov.orwedge-sh.snith.yel. 5. 9. Candia. 1T8B. 


B.i. • 




lin. lane. alt. yel. 0. B. C. B. 8. 1771. 


mtrftimuin. l. kb. 


alt. lane. 3-nerv. yel.B.O. S.Europ.l59<l. 


H.B. , 




ov. obi. acnl. icalt. ytl.— — Mexico. 1927. 


T.f. , 


ilbfricum. s.n. Silxrian. 


lin. acut. spread. ftjue. 7. 8. Siberia. 177S. 


H.e. 


tri^ynum. b.m. three-sljlcd. 


alt.ellLp.botliendsacuni.seJ. 1.10. E. lod. 1799. 


G.i. i 




ov. acut. 5-7 nen,.^. fk. B. 7. Caucasus. 1807. 


H.B. , 


SIBBA'LDIA, SIBBALDIA. 


Cat. in 10 itgrnent: Pit. S, oftoMle. Ger. 5, kUdih 10. Sred#S. wmi»>| 




ter.le«fl.3-dent.wedge-^b. y. 0. 8. Britaia 


H.B.^^ 


^^f ARALIA,ARA-LIA. Cal.thart.ienUd. Pit.S. Stim.S. StyleS,»preading, Berni Stelkd. 1 


P capitita. Pera. headed. 


elUp. ent. simple. gr. 8. W. Ind. 177T. 


s.i.i««tH 


1 aadicaillii. s.i, naked-stalked 


S-fid.pinuat.seg.S'OT.ter. w. 6. 7. N.Amer. IT31. 


ii.9.tMl.fim 


1 racetnon. s.s. berry-beaKng 




H.B.'»>'<* 


^H iplBdn. a-s. AngeUca-lree. 


pinnatif.segm.ov.scrr.smth. 9. Virginia. 1C88. 


H.i. . 


^^1 CRJSSt'L J, CRASSULA. Cat. d/5 ((area. PtI. 5, recurred. Stam. 5. .ftj/w 5. 


Cflin.i. 


^^^^ arbor^Keiu. b.m. tree. 


orbic.gUn.doH. fleshy, pfc. 7. C. B. S. IT30. 


G.S.t«.t, 


^^H eordita. DC. heart-leaTed. 


cord. obt. euL stalk. ro«. S. 1774. 


G.i. MOir 


^^m dMtn. T,. ciliated. 


opp. ov. flat, fring. yl. 7. 17J2. 


G.i. 


^^P InbiicAta. H.K. imbriealed. 


ov. acnl. smth. wft.6.T. 1750. 


G.S6. 


^^" Helea. b.m. while. 


ov.connat. atlen.atbase. IT. 9. 1774 


o.». , 


* orbictdam. n.s. orbleolar-U'd. 


obi. obt. fling. ft*. 6. 7. 17J1 


G.B. 1 


obUqiia. B N. oblique. 


obliq. ent.flcut. rid.4. S. 17S9 


o.i. 


pcrfolUta. Pets. pcrfoUate. 


awl-ih.connat.COnv.glHH. vn.7. fl. 1786 


G.i. . 


aiAHB'RyiA, MAHERNIA. 


Co:.5-(DDlfird. PttaUS. f^Ki.i. C<ipi.5-cdled,S 


ralrnl. 




cuneat.lanc.dent.pubcs. «. B. 8. 1791 


G.i.I«.»| 


^^^ IdcIm. DC. cut-leaved. 


pinn, lob. scabr. tch.yfi. T, 9. 1793 


o.s. com 


^^K bifdnnau. DC. ninc-lcDvcd. 


bipini). lob. lin. smth. red. Q. 8. 1733 


G.i. — , J 


^^^H 




3 


^^^^^^^^^H 




tfM^ 



HEXAGYNIA. 69 



ORDER VI. 

HEXAGYNIA. Styles 6. 

EBflUb Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.or Soil and 

Name. LeavM»A;c« Flow. ofFl. Cooatry. Introd. Propafation. 

[shaped, Cap8,qfZvalv€Mf with wumy seeds. 
DROrSERAy SUN'DEW. Ctd, 5'paned. Pet. S. FihS-S. Ger.roundUh. Sty,6-^, simpU. Sttg.club- 



B. great lui.fpath.obt.hairyygland. w, 8. 9. Britain H.t9.9« Peat soil, 

UM, Ph. thready-lv'd. filif. Tery long. pur. 5. 6. N.Amer. 1811.H.tr.9.dtvid.airoo<. 

Iiigifilii. B.B. long-leaved. obor. petioles naked, wh, 8. 9. England H.tr.9« ~— 

wfndiQIia. E.FL roond-leaTed. orb.con.obt.pn.glan.hair. to. Britain. . • • • H.to.9. — ^— 



ORDER VII- 

POLYGYNIA. Styles many. 

MYOSV'RUS, MOUSE-TAIL. Col. 5'part. Pet. 5, very smaU. Fil. 5, or more. Ger. numer. Seeds nak. 

^riHiB,£.Fl. common. iLfleihy,l-rib.l-2-in.long.y. 8. 9. Britain H,^.Sandy peat. 

seeds. 

XANTHORHrZAf YELLOW-ROOT. Cal.O. Pet. 5. Nect. 5'Staiked. Caps.5,l'Seeded. 

B.M. panley-leaTed. compound, senr. smth. ^. S. 4. N.Amer.l76d. H.^, Sandy loam, 

cuttings. 



CLASS VI- ORDER I. 

HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Stamens 6. Style 1. 

IMAn VLLISj AMARYLLIS. Cor. qf% petals^ irregu. Filam. inserted into the throat of the tube. 

Mr.Woodford's.lora.elong.atten.at2end8.«c.5. 8. Brazil. 1810. S.^-Sandy loam^ 

BelladonnaLily.]lgul. stalks many-fl'd. car. 6. 8. W.Ind. 1712. S. 9. peat, t^ let/ 

taffiroD-colored. enslf. smth. sn. 4. 6. 1810. S.9. nwuld. The 

criwptiilB. JI.B* green-flowered, spread. \an. acnt chan. gr.y, 5. 8. 1816. S.9. Indbs should 

Mibtrii. B.]f. Barfaadoes Lily.Tii6e fring. 2-S-flowered. sc. 7.10. 1710. 8.9. be kept in a 

Mdi.B.m. fnlgid* oU. lane. smth. sc.1.12. BraziL 1810. S.^.drystateun- 

yi„fiHi 0.B« intermediate. lin.smth.; spoiAaS-fi'd. red. 1.10. 1827. S.9. til they be- 

broad-leared. obl.lanc.;«|NitA.many-fl'd.tr.4. 5. E.Ind. 1806. S.^* gin to shew 

.B.B* powdery. longyitiap-shaped. or. 4. 8. Brazil. 1819. S, 9. flower, when 

MAU parrot-like. lane obt. acum. glan. gr.cr. 1.12. 1816. S.9* 'Afy must 

B.K« Mezican LUy. lorate, actun. rib. keel'd. sc. 5. 7. S.Araer. 1725. S.9* be repotted 

r. netted-yeined. lorat.obl.7-9lnch.long. Zt.cr. 4. 5. Brazil. 1777. 8.9. in/resh soil. 

^IiiidL8olandn-fld.F7«.withneariyregnlJimb.st.4. 6. S.Amer. 1820. S.9. They are 

, Aaiep. waTed-leaved. broadly awl-sh. serrul.io.pic. 6. S.Leon. 1810. S.ljf. readily in- 

qileBdld. linear, narrow. wh,se. •*— Spofforth.1819. S.9. creased by 

offuU from the bulb. 
12 



00 HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Syttemalic Enflish Fonnof Col.o/ Month Nadve Yr^f MUmi 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c Flow. ofFl. Country. Intrad. 



TUPrSTRA,TUPrSTRA. Perianth, eampan.e-part. Anth. 6y tessUe. Ger.nnmi. SHg.peUmU. 

nAtaiis. B.M . drooping. 2-Sft.long,obo.laii.striat9.6. 10. £. Ind. 1822. S.9. Sm4$ 

sqoilida. b.h. grey-flowered, lane, atten. at base, nerv.^. 4. Amboy. 1810. S.^.^* le^i 

•1 
STERfiBKRGIAySTERNBERGIA. FUw.vertieidjfuwUl-Bkaped^Umbtnct. SUm^dedimiU^ 

Idtea. B.R. yellow. niany-keel'd.scap.2-edged.y 9.10. S.Earop.l596. S.9 J'Mf ^1 

Amary'UU liUta. b.m. 0jfiei8m 

HABRA'NTHUSfHABRA'NTHUS. Perian. 0/6 leaves, flat, obw. G«r. S-ceU. 4- S-colo. 1 

adv^na. b.m. streaked. lin. ligol. inyol. glan. etd, S.Amer. 1807. 8.9. Smdf 

Awuiry'llU advhui, B,R, ^fff. ^ 

Andersonii. b.f.g. Anderson's. lin. obt. glau. striat. yel. 1820. S.9. Jtte/rvMlIt 

rdsens. b.f.o. rose-coloured, long, lin. apex obt. roe. Gbiloe. 8.9. Mk 

CURCU'LIGO,CURCirLIGO. Cor.Molrer-ehap.f^pwrted. C<^.Z'caied,wiih9evend§e€deimi 

latilBUa. H.K. broad-leayed. ellip. lane. acom. ye^ 5. 8. PooloPin.1804. 8.^J^§ti^> 

recnrvlita. b.r. recurved. ellip. lane, recurr. pile. yel. .... Bengal. 1805. 8.9. 

PHYCELLA, PB YCELLA, Cor. campam, eegm. convolute. Ger. %'§ided. 8iig. etpexfrmgtA. 

cyrtantholdes.Lhidl.Cyrtanthu8-lk.gr. lorate, obt er. 6. 8. ChUe. 1821. O.^. Lmm ^kif 

Tgnea. Und. fiery. distich, lin. obt. glau. m. 11. 1824. Q.Jf wsMfrf, ^ 

Amar^Uiiignea. JAnd. 

GRIFFrNIA,GRIFFrNJA. Spath.2-fmlv. Cor.fimnel'Shap. limb 5^1^. Ger.obLt-^A 

hyadnthfna. B.R. largest ov. obi. flat, retic. vm. 6. 9. Braal. 1815. S.9. 

IntermMia. B.R. intermediate, ov. ellip. ent retic. Ho. 7. 8. I82S. 8.9. 

parrifldra. b.r. small-flowered, or. lane. smth. ent p.vto. 6.7. S.Amer. 1820. 8.9.1 



PANCRA'TIUM,PANCRA'TIUM. Cor./un.'ehap.li$nb6^petrt. Nee.l^^^^.wiiktlUMkmJifimiL 

amoennm. B.M. handsome. elong.smth. hmc trA. 6. 9. W. Ind. S.^.Lmm^ffmi» 

Amftncaes. b.r. Golden. elong. hmc. chann. ffeU 6. 7. Peru. 1804. 8.9. ojf^tlgftmk 

aQstral4sicam.B.R. Australian. petiolate, orbic. ent wh, 6. N.S.W. 8.9. a#WI^«r 

aroboin^nse. b.m. heart-leaved, cord. ov. acut wh. 6. 8. £. Ind. 1759. 8.9* 

roaritimum. B.R. tea-daffodil. lin.; <pa<A.many-flow'd.irA.5. 7. S.Europ.l597. O.9. 

decUnktum. B.C. declined. ligul. smth. wh. 5. 9. Bratil 8.9. 

frigrans. B.C. fragrant ellip. elong. smth. wk. W. Ind. 1819. 8.9* 

ro en kinnm* Mexican. hinc. lin. apex, elong. wk. 8. Mexico. 1824. 0.9* 

oviitum. B.R. oval-leaved. striat narr. many-fl'd. wk. W. Ind 8.9* 

rotitum. B.M. hirge-crowned. lin. obt 2 or many-fl'd. wk. 7. 9. Carolina. 1808. O.9. 

TRADESCANTIA, SPIDER'WORT. Peritmtk.t-part.tkeZinnirleaneefetmi'Uke. CqM. 

criisula. b.m. thick-leaved, obl.smth.sheath.atbase. wk. 5. 8« Braxil. 1825. 8.^ 



discolor. H.K. various«€ol'd, lane. smth. red ben. wk. 4. 9. S.Amer. 1788. 8.9* 

fnsc&U. B.R. browned. clllp. acum. pubcs. blue. 0.10. 1820. 8.9. imgfimi^ 

r6sea. B.C. rote-coloared. Un.keerd,chan.obo.dott.rM. 5.10. Caroliiia.1802. H.9« *«•<• 

undita. t.t. wave-leaved, ov. und. pilose^ abov. vio. 8. 9. Trinidad.1819. 8.9* -» 



PilCtRUWM, FLAX-LILY. SepaU^ike^ inner lomgeet. C^.oblemg,U€omer€d. See4» 

tcnax«w. luugb. distich, smth. ent gr.wk. 0. N.Zeala.1788. li.9« IZMk 

•/arts. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 61 

■yttematic EBfUtb Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Name. Leavei.&c Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Proptfatioa. 

CAMA'SSIAy QUAMASH. PiriM.tpread.e-Uaoed. FiLsmth. Stig.^-denU Capi.t-cdUdifZ^valca. 

mB^hktMmB*Um ettible. liii.aciim.chaim.CQrT. 6^ 6. 7. N Amer. 1828. H,^,LoamifpeaL 

divid^pUmL 

CONANTHBRAyCONANTHBRA. Cor. qf 6 reflexedpetaU, fringed. CapB.i-eeUtdj^'valved. 

biMi. B.M. two-leaved. liD.laiic.8mth.ped.2-fl'd. 61. 6. CUle. 18SS. 0.9.JLoaM 4- jMof . 
,B.M. bell-flowered, lin. lane. fl. spr. 6j. S. 4. G.lfMvuai roots. 



COMMTIfGIA, CUMMl'NGIA. Perkmth.campam.lwUft'Cl^ydecidu. Ger.Z^elUd. Stig. dotted. 

trimaeatttm. B.V.O. three-spotted. lin.chano.nerT.recttnr. bl, ■ — — Peat 8^ loam, 

dimd,atroot$. 

CEAELWOODIAyCHARLWOCfDIA. PerioMth.e'pan. petal like. Sty. t^eid. Capt.Z-ceUedyZ-talv. 

coqgbla. i.r.A* crowded. amplez.eloiigJaiic.terr. jw. 8. N. HolL 1822. S.J^. Loam 4* leqf 

mould, entt. 

CYCLOBOTTHRAyCYCLOBCyTHRA. Perimi.&^art. pet. like. Sta.6. Ger. smth. obi. Z-9id.%'/urr. 

pvpteBB. B.F.6. purple. lancelongjtfaim.glan. gr.pu. 0. Mexico. 1827. HJ^* Sandy loam* 

offsets. 

VYCUL'BlAyVYULA'RIA. Cor. qf^peUds^ erect. FiUm. short. Caps. compressedyt-^wnered. 

.M. Chuiese. or. lane, stalk. hr.pn. 6.11. China. 1801 . F.9. Sandy loam 
£aK.B Jarge-flowered. oU. perfol. acat yel. 6. 6. N Amer. 1802. H.^. wsd peat. 
Ez.B. perfoliate. or. perfol. smth. gr.yel. 1710. Yi.'^.ditid.atroot. 

MAMKnsriUy SANSEYIE^RA. Cor.^pet.Hmbin6div.revo. FiLinser.iutheUmb. Berr.i^seed. 

A-rep. flesh-coloared. 2-raiikJancen8if.8mth. car. S. 6. China. 1702. H.'^.Loamif peat. 

BOf. long-flowered, lane acorn. S-nenr. ^.7.8. S.y^.dicidMtroot. 

B.B. Ceylon. obi. lane acnt. macol. wh. 6.11. Ceylon. 1781. S.9. 

MASSOTNIAy MASSCTNIA. Cor. ^parted. Filam. sessiU. Caps.%-winged,Z'eelUd. 

nanrow-lcnved. obL erect, lane. wh. S. 4. C. B. S. 1774. G.9* Sandy loam, 

tmmpet-flow'd. 2 opp. lane. pk. 9. 2. 1790. Q.'9.tfpeat. seeds 

gnaffiflfou B.B. large-flowered, sab-rot obi. fleshy. wA.l. 4. 1825. Q.^* or offsets 

B.I1. prickly-leaved. sab-rot.smth.ape.piickly. 10. 4. 5. 1790. GJ9» from bulbs. 





ASPHCtDELVSy ASPHODEL. Cor. ii-parted, spreading. Six valres covering the Germens. 

w. white. lin. keel-sh. wh. 5. 7. S.Europ H.9* Stmdy loam. 

BJC. yeUow. S-sided, striat. yel. 5. 6. Sicily. 1696. H.^'ditidMroot. 
BJi. branched. ensif. keel. wh. 5. 7. S.Eorop. 1551. H.9. 



DIAKBiJ^y DlAfiBLLA. Cor.e-part. equal. Filam. curved. Berry round, Z-ceUed, many^seeded. 

B.H. bfaie. lin. lane distich, spiny, blue, 5. 8. N. 8. W. 178S. F.'^.Peat ^ Uam. 

B.M. sword-leaved, lin. lane keel'd, smth. blue. 8. £. Ind. 1 781. 8.9. seeds, or 

B.B. hmg-leaved. lin. ensif. elong. blue. N. HoU. 1822. Q.9, part, at root. 

B.B. . few-flowered, lin. erect, edges revoL blue. 5. 8. N. S.W. 1820. F.^. 



DUrMtA,DRI'MIA. Perianth. 6-parted,eampanMhUe,limbreJUa!ed. Caps.%-ceUed. 

i.H. tan. ov.erect ; Braetes hooked, w. 8. 9. C. B. 8. 1791 . P.p. i^aady loam 

B.C. aharp-leaved. ov. acum. varieg. g.br. 1800. F.^.tfleqf mould. 

Bntu vittoQS. obL unduL glau. gr. 5. 6. 1826. F.9.seeds, or off- 

sets from the bulb. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



iMUSCAltn.anAPE HYACINTH. Penan. ptt.-liki,«< 
botryoidea. B.M. blue. Un. erect, chann. 



SUcu 



glaiicDus-leav'd. acum. gUu. Biutb. flat, p.gr, 
,c.Urgc-cap«ur<l.lau. clong. glau. 01. ^ i)el. 



'ifia.S-tBeth. Capi.i.tid, C«U><!/^wfl 
i.b. Italy. 1SD6. H.|t. S'uadyia 

Persia, isaa. H.ft.affKlifi^ 

Turkey. 1812. H.©. (Ar fruit. 



L^CHENJIM, LJCHEflf-*'l/j4. Cor.cylmd.a-ti,bttl,tl>timUritgm.»hi>TUU. Capi.S-ecU.Z.rah. 
IritTtlia. it.M. two-leaved. lane, erect, uneq. roi.tch. 3. i. C. B, K. 1BI3. G.f. 



fr^raiu. U.S. nwecl'sccnli!il. 2-ov. obi. Mnth. roi. S. 5. - 

puttuUta. A.rap. rough-leaved, in pairs, lin. la DC. icA.^. 1.4. - 

rAaca. n.R. rose- coIob red. a-laiic. lin.oM. ro«. 4. 5. - 

tTic6kir. B.M. tiiree-coloured. 8-tanc. ipott, ent. yd,red,gr. 

DoilBlia. B.Di. one-leaved. single, tin. laac. btat.red.t. 4. - 



1T9B. G.f.Brlt^Kimld 

IT90. G.9.nur<J. 

1600. G.)|. or n/TMli 

1774. G.p.yro" 

1705. G.p. biili. 



DiUC^iV^, DflJGON-TREE. Ci>r.Mlti<rr-/.A«p.6-par(ed. Stig.3-fid. Beirg i-ccatd,niiflru*<M 
DrtM. L. comman. fletby, apex epiny. icA.6. 7. E. Ind. IC40. S.t^. Sandg U 



tinea. B.M. 
fr&gtans. b.h. 
strlcta. B.M. 



lane. Fmtb. purp. 
Cuted. broadly lane. ■mth. 
lin. lane, cuspid, ent. 



Kk.3.4. China. 17DI. 
tch. 2. 5. Africa. 1768. 
HI. 4. 5. NewZeal.iaSO. 



ALSTRCEMERIA, A1.STR(EMERIA. Periantli.qfeieeni.c, 



'.. Capi.i 






acntiioUa. s.n. acute-leaved, lane. acum. donnybeu. nr. 0.10. S.Ainer. IS29. F.|l. Sni% fan 
Ligtl^.B.M. LigtB. ipat.obl.Bmlh. >c.3.4. Peru. I7TG. &.T^.If turfyn 

ov&ta. B.C. oval-leaved. obl.acuni.alt.l-5in.long. ie.6.9. - — — 1824. H.l^. tttdt,f 

pelegrinn. D.N. spotted -Bo w'd. twisted, lin. lane. rtd.bh. 1753. G.^.ridif «tA 

psittaclna. Parrot-like. obi. lane acat. nerv. tc.gr. Meiico. 182(1, G.p. r 

pulch£Ua. u.ai. handsome. obov.spath. cilUt. red.ycl. Chili. \v.li. 11.(1. qftkntnf 

ciel icilljlower/rtdy, if planted out in a ahelttrtd berj^ 
YUCCA, ADAM'S NEEDLE. Cor. ampaaalate, &<Jtfi. Ger. 3-tidrJ. Cop*. i-crUed. 

anguBtifoiia. B.n. narrow-leaved. k>ng, lin. ^ati. mncr. ^.7. B. MUswiri.tBU. H.i.Rieh 

aloiffdia. l. Aloe-leaved. lane, eiuth. convolute, ic.^. B. 0. S.Amcr. 1606. G.i.loam.i 

filametit69a. u.v. thready. lane. aerr. tmlh. kA. 7. 10. Virginia. IC75. H.Jp. /ram 

glabcB. H.M. giaucoos-leav'd. lane. glau. ent. yel.l.B, Carolina. liil 3. H.||. — 

gloTi6w. B.H. superb. lone. ent. broad. wh. 8.10. Anicriea.I.iUO. H,^. — 

glouc^scenn.B.F.G.glancescent. lin. lane. ent. gr,wh.7.6. N.Amer. 1619. H.f. — 

AGAVE, AGAVE. Cal.O. Cor./imn.-tAop. S-porl. Sl<j. long, than Ihrfila. Capi.a-cell. SmbHOf. 
americ&na. B.n. conunon, ov. lane. dent. spiny. gr, 8.10. S.Aiaer. IMO. G.$. Rich 



Virginian. lane, rigid, dent. cil. gr.yel, 0. N.Aioer.I 



CrAIIE'LLA,cyANErLLA. Perianth, qf 6 pttalt. Stam. 6, wnited at the Ixue in 



F.V-aucltiTiyhM 



LlMtta. I 



lined. 






^^^ DiPHYLLE:iA,DlPBYLLEU. Cal.cf%Uarti,deeid»<,iu. C<>r,«fGpttaU. Bcrr.l-ccU. Sted$%i 
1 qnuAaa. B.M. blue-benied. palm, angiil. serr. irA. G. 0. N.Araer. 1812. H.Jfi. Sandy U 

If UtffimiMld. diriding at n 

iOliO'NTWM,OR(yNTIUia. Spadix round, with many fiortti. Cur.a-paritd. Slg.O. Cajn.S^ttll^ 
k^nitienm. Ex.F. aquatic, ov. lane, veiny. at. 6. ms.H.v.^.Smdy Im 

^ffifiicHin. B.N. Japwi. cn^f. veiny. ijd. 1. 4. Japau. 1788. H.fp.fwrt.otrw 



HEXANDRIA MONOCVNIA. 



Svilind 



TRITOMA, TR'ITONA: 
niiria. b.m. great. 



iLE:TttlS,ALE'TliJS. Tar J'unneJ-iAnjf. urinArW. SUBi.intrrUdMothebiueitfaegni. Capi.i-eelPd. 
una,Pb. goldeu. broad, lane, iniicr. yrl. T. S. N.Amer.lSlI. H. 9. Sandy loam 

lane, cniif. acut. irft. 6. IT08. H.J^. If piat. off. 

tttifrom roof. 
6-tontk<d. Statu, inierled, in tUtreeeptiult, Capi.i-cetkd. 
eDsif.keul&edgcroiigb.or.8. 0. C.B.S. 1TD7. H.^-Sandy laum. 
offttUfromrmit. 
fELTUEHalA, VELTtrElMIA. Car. tiibalttr,6'tootlud. Stam. iniKTttd i* the lubt. Caps. l-Mtilfd. 

■M. green- flowered. Unc. plic. ODdol. obL (c.ar. 11.4. 1T6S. O.^. Loam tflrqf 

maald. offuUfram bulb. 
'IS,EUC0MIS, CBr.6-parled,periaieiil. Filam.«iiiteil at the bau nftkc corolla. 

.Rep.puiple-Btlk'd.orbic.ipatul.scapetliick.fT. 4. C. B. S. ITOJ. G.]fi. Peat If loam, 

ware-leated. ov. obi. undol. spread, g.w.3. 5. 17U0. G.p. icilh Ic-if 

miiuld. off sett frovi bulb. 
ltUt}M,LILY. Cor-campanii/ud;, G-purted, Caps.raltttcviaitctedbyamtih^hairi. 

bulb-bearing, icatt. 3-Dcrv. ir. G. 7. Italy. 1S96. M.Q. Ii>A( ri 




M. scar.Martagan. lin. lane, scatt. le. 

, ■.■•. wliite. Ian. acalL base nttentiat. ich. 

B.M. Catesbj'a. lin. lane, scatt. 

. l.M. Japan. icatL lone. unth. 

i. R.s. long-flowered. lanc.Katt. 

w. Turk's-cap. vcrticUI. ov. lane. 

, B.F.o. ihowy. tern .lin .lanc.snb-3 

B.M. tiffer spotted. sess.S-ner.iip.cord, 



H.^. 'Dam. uffteta 
H.e./ram !<«(&. 

:.je(.7. 9. Carolina. 1T87. R p. 

•cb. 7. e. Japan. 1804. H.^. 

K-A.7. 0. ^ — 1819. H.e. 

rur. 6, 7. Germany. ISOfl. H.p. 

. nr.6. 9. Siberia. 1754. H.p. 

r.6A,7. 9. Cldlia. 1804. H.^. 



UliTHROrStVM, DOGS-TOOTH VIOLET. Perianth. qfH-teai 
.M. American, 



Un>-eiaii. v 

^ tlbifiinait. 



petal-likt. Sly. 3 -tid. Seed on. 
. ellip, mill. ytL 4. 5. N JUacr, 160S. H.lfi. Sandy pent If 
. 3-ncrv.unlh.ipoU. jw. 3.4. Europe. 1696. H.lfi.ioim.uffiif 
«fA. H.9. from root. 



SOWERBMA, SOWERS' MA. IkvoI. 6-iravid. Cor. iff O-pel. Capi.a-tidtd,i-celkd. Sieda angular. 



h-leavcd. long, cylind. acat. 



KCCRVSIA, EUCRO'.SIA. Cor 
Iknlor. s.R. two-ciJourcd. I 



limb fi-pttrlcd. Filam.t 

inc.cnLspatha 4-flM.er. 



ce the length nfcorol. Ger. a-sii/ciJ, 5-celltil. 
J.4.5. S.Aioer. lelG. S.^.Peallf loam. 



V»t,CRINUM. Cor 


ttihular, limba-parted, nearly equal. GcT.3-celted, many-ircded. 


hBn.ii.M.AiDeriMii. 


striat.;>nn6e2iea8.n]any-fl.uT.T.8. 17SZ. 


S.V.Loam, and a 


k. «.(>. »l>fwy- 


narr. edges nearly smth. u-ft. 4. 8. E. Inii. 1810. 


S.|p. mixture nf 


■n. B.M. alstely. 




S.¥. «■</( d«cowi. 


.. ■.». beaotiful. 


3-feet long, aintb. red.ah. 1.13. Sumalra.IBlD. 


S.».p.«d tree 


tarn. 8.II. br^ctcated. 


obi. laoc. apex obt. wh. 0. 8. Mauritius. 


8.0. learn. Thii 


e. s.M. Cape. 


elODg. cbann. glan. vH. 7. 9. C. B. S. 1732. 


H.y. lhrou!> out 


Mm. B.M. Dr. Carey's 


lorate, und. 2 I'eet Ions. '^''' 0' 7.Manrittus.lB2l. 


S.JI. offitttfram 


|llBB].K.n.cliBDDel1ed 


lorate, edgessmtli. wA. 4, 8. E. Ind. ISIO. 


S.9. their bulb,. 


IB.B.M. blnsh-flowered;iun.lor.i<ilge9ciliat.den.rr.H-.0.8. S.,Anier, 1T80. 


S.tf . iy rft^A 



I^DteDin. A.R. Kganlic. 

JmanfUU gig&nleum. b.u. 
bAmile. b.h. bumble. 

prActrum. O.K. tall, 
plicilum. B.R. plaited. 
t. Sumatra. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGVNIA. 

i tonaat CaLof Manlta Nillve Yr.of 

lor. Udc 3- 4 feet long. ulk.B.a. E. Ind. ISU. 
DlCfld, uudui. wA. T. S. 8. Leone. 1798. 



S.B. a, 



acal. margios Bat wh. 4.8. E. Ind. 1816. S.^. - 

4-5fvctloug,a4n.br(iad.ic,p. 7. 8. Pe^. 1823, S.p. - 

plaited, backwanU. icA. 0. 8. China. 18!S. G.y. - 

lonte, Un. lane. serr. loA. Somatra, IBIO, 8.9. - 

BRUNSrrGIA, BRUNSrrctA. Car.e-parted. Cap*, tarbinate, i-wingrd, tmay-ttdtd. 

grandiBora. D.R. lai^flowern}. ligul. falc. erect ear. 8. 9. C. B. S. 1S2T. F.p.Ss«dy(M 

JoKpbina. B.R. Josepbine's. elan, spread, erect, glaii. k. C. 8. I8M. F.y. mad feab 

maltiBora. D,H. many .flowered. Unquif. mnlh. »e.gT. 1TS2, F.^p. offtUft 

minor, b.h. small. S or 4. obi. spread. pk. 1TI4. F.|l. bnih*. 

, toiicaiia. o.n. Piuson bulb. lorate, scum.obliq. g^au.pfc. - 



cruJnta. b.m. blood -itaUied. 
ftidits, B.R. banded. 
Iridifolia. B.R. drooping, 
pyramidalis. pyramidal. 

BTonUlia yuidicaldit. B.n. 



DORVJ'NTHES, DORVANTBES. Cal-O-parted, di 
f oc^ba. B.it. tail. lin. knc. rcqI. 



con*.l-2n.long.imb.ser.M..4.6. Braidl. 1821. S.^.Smdyli 

TecnrT.>piny,Herr.gla».J>l>ie.8.tO. I82S. S.^.^rWai 

lane, ensif. iind. t^ny.bl.ytl. 3. S.S.Janelro.iesfi. S.9. Hobf 

lane, dent Bpiuy. ic. 2. 4> S.||. ■ 



id*. Cor. 6-tl^l. Fil. mnl-cAap. Sly, S-Jli 
«c. T.ID. N.S.W. 1800. G.^.Loam^t 



BLAVFOtRDlA, BLANFOfRDIA. C<ir.Ub.liMb64t,b. Slam.iiueT.e 
gnDdiSora. s.n. 



\tkelKbe. GtTMalli. Styjua 

1824. G.^.fianbf. 

IBOS. G.0. 

AGAPA'NTHUS, AFRICAN LILY. Car.fiaaitl-iluiped,6-parttd,rtg^lar. Slatt. dielinale. 

pfaxox.V.en. early. lln.;Pediin.twiceB9longBSc.l. 4. C.B.S G.^.ttich It 

. largc-flawered. lin. unth. fl. nmbel'd. bbic. B.2. IG93. G 9.diridM 



y tlARCrSSVa,NAnCrSSUS.Cal.O. Ptf.9,<UliuktHotkenietaiy. Filam.inKn.ii,lsbto/MtU 

UBdnu. B.M. two-flowered, acnt keel, ed^inflex.i/el. 5. 4. England H.^.Stmdy Im 

Balbocodiom.B.H.Hoop-petticaatawl-Bh.iCraa:! tninc. yel. 8. 4. S. Enrop.ie20. H.f. offitUfi 

lnconipUBbilU.a.M.Buttcr& Eggs.Bat; Crownicanipa. yel.t.5. Portu^ - — R.fl. nwW. 

Jouquilla. b.m. Jonquil. awl-slu. ; ipoJAa. 1-S fl*d. yr. Spain. 1696. H. V- ' 

major, b.n, large. glan. twisted. yel. 3. 4. 1620. H.p. 

po*ticus, I.. Poetic. keel. 13-18 inch. long. irfc. 4. Greece. IB30. H.lp. ■ 

pteudo-nardasol. B.H. Daffodil. erect. 1 foot long, glan. yd. S.4. En^and H.^. -■ 



i 



CYRTANTHUS, CYRTAHTHUS. Cal. 
cimeiu. 






Car. rabHlar, rrrniiaw,liMfr6-clt^l,Cfiral. .Si 

6ei]i.colDured. erect, long, obt glau. car.B.O, C. B.S. ISSS. G.^. . 

bill. 3 Un. glaa. chann. k. 5. 8. 1816. Q.fJf infji 

sweet.«cented. S.(Un. lomte.nnibellfld.K.T. 8. 1818. G.^.i 

^iral-leared. »pir. Ugul. glan. «. 1790, G.lf./nmi 




HEXANDRIA MON06YNIA. 66 

SjrteaiaHc EagUib Form of CoUf Month NaUve Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Naiae. Leav«a,&c Flow. ofFI. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

LEUCaJUM,SNOW'FLAKE. Cal.O. Car,of6pet.beU'8h, Caps. iurb.qfZ cells, Sf^f!4de. Seedsgloho. 

summer. lin. obt 1-2 feet long. wh. 4. 5. England H.9. Light rich 

iimle.B.M. aatnmDal. iS>a(Aa of 1 leaf, 2-fld. bh. 9. Portugal. 1620. H.^.loam.^ffsets 

vteoa. B.M. spring. lin. smth. ; ^oiA. 1-fl'd. wh. 2. 4. Germany.1596. H.^./rom bulb. 

ZEPHYRA'NTHESfZEPHYRA'NTHES, Peria.tubu.6'par. Sty.declin. Stig.^-lob. Caps.Z-eeU. 

CHiMti. B.R. ked'd-leayed. lin. acut. falcate. ro«. 6. 8. Mexico. 1824. ¥ .If. Sandy soil. 

lisei. B.B. rose-flowered, lin. ent. smth. ros. Havanna.1828. V. 9. offsets from 

bulb. 

A'LLIUMf GARLIC K. CaLO, Pet.e^otatCyregul. Ger.amgvl. Sttf.angul. Caps.Z'Celkd^lf%-uilved. 

ABpdoprdaiini.£.Fl.greatroQnd-li. dent edges scabr. pa. 7. 8. England H.^ Sandy loam. 

areoirhnii. E.FL sand. lin. flat, sheaths cylin. red. 6. 8. Britain H.9* offsets from 

aagddsiiin. g.d. angular-scaped, lin. chann. pur. 6. 7. Siberia. 1739. H.9* bulbs. 

lOndmm. g.d. white. lin. scape 4-comer. wh. 6. 8. Cauca8us.l82S. H.9* 

CsniaL b.b. Cowan's. lancacum.ciliatsheath. wh. 5. Chile. 1824. F.9* ■ 

c iiii i itn io.E.F1. mountain. lio. keel, concave above, yel. 5. 6. England H.^. 

MSy. B.M. large-yellow, sess. lane. ; scape naked, yc/. G. S.Europ.l604. H.9* 

Mq^oBtiBimi.B.F.G. Neapolitan, lin. lane, chann. trA. 4. 5. Italy. 1824. F.9. 

I.E.F1. streaked. lin. cylind.tubul. rough. ye(. 7. England H.^. 

I. B. Chive. awl-sh.cyli.glau.smth.pu. ros.5. 6. Britain H.9* 

broad-leaved. ov.lanc.8talk.8mth.ent. toA. 4. 5. .... H.lff. 

[Caps, qf 8 ceUs, and 8 taltes. 
OSlOTBiyGALUM, STAR OF BETHLEHEM. Cal.O. Pet.e^lance-shap. FUam.dUat.atthebaMe. 




golden. lane. dent. ye/.6.7. C. B. S. 1790. F. 9' Sandy soil. 

corymb-flow'r'd.llgul.elong.chann.obov. wh. Chile. 1822. H.9* offsets from 

A.B.B. tall. lane. smth. wh. £gypt. 1804. H.9* bulbs. 

m* broad-leaved, lane. ; Raceme long. wh. 1629. H.9« 

E.FL drooping. lin. 12-18 inch. long. wh. 4. 5. Britain H.ljf. 

pjreniicam.£.FL Pyrenean. lin. acum. chann. smth. gr. 6. 7. England H.9. 

reffai6tBBi. revohite-flow'd. lin. lane chann. wh. C. B. S. 1795. F.9* 

greenish. lin. lane many flower'd. gr. 1823. F.ljf. 



HEOEROCA'LLIS, DAY-LILY. Cal.O. Cor.e-part. FU.awl-shap. Anth.obl. Cops.S-ttd.^-S-cen. 



bhie-flowered. cord. smth. stalk. 6/iie. 6.8. Japan. 1790. H.^' Sandy loam. 

ydlow. lin. keeled. yeL 6. 7. Siberia. 1590. H.lf. ditid. rosis. 

ftlia. B.M. copper-colored, lin .keel'd ,3inn.pet. wavy /«/. 6. 8. Levant. H.9* 

I.e. lance-leaved, lane, undul. acum. HI, Japan. 1829. H.9. 



8CILLA9SQUILL. Cal.O. Pet.6,otiaie,obl. Filam. half the length tf the pets. Caps.qfZedUytf^xalv. 

E.FL antnmnaL lin. chann. glau. smth. ros. 8. England 1^31^. Light sandy 

■• nodding. A9capeangu.;Peif.alt.short.6/. 3. 4. Levant. 1596. H.9* loam.offsets 

B.B. two-leaved. lin. lane. cone. obt. bl. 2. 4. England H.^./rom bulb. 

ketifiBB. B.t. short-leaved, shorter than scape. pk. 1. 8. C. B. S. 1822. F.9. 

caipflBiUta.B*ai« bell-flowered, lane. ; /Zaeeme many-fl'd. 61.5.6. Spain. 1633. H.9. 

lyidathofdef.B.M.Hyacinth-like. lane. ; Raceme many-fl'd. bl. 8. Madeira. 1585. H.9* 

iBMerfptB. L.en. Hare-bell. lin. 6-parted. 3.6. Britain H.9* 



AMca-Ajrep. Siberian* stalks 2-flowered^ated.U. Siberia. 1796. H.9. 

vinB.E.FL spring. lin. chann. acut 6l«e. 4. 5. .... H.i9. 

K 



CG HEXANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 

Sntematic English Form of Col^f Month NaUve Tr^of 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c Flow. ofFl. Coontry. latrod. 

[S§§ii in 1 
FR1TILLA'RIA,FR1TILLARY. Co/.O. Cor.bell-skap.iifepetaU. Ger.Z^Mtd. Capt.o/%c€tU, 



ImperiilU. w. Imperial. lane. obi. crowd. ye/. S.4. Perua. 1506. H.p.SSsniyi 

Meledgrif. E.FL common. alt. lin. lane. glao. par.ipA. 3.5. Britain H.^. •/MtJiMi 

oblfqoa. b.m. oblique-leayed. glau. crowd, oblig. pur, 4. Caucasos H.f. Mlik 

pyreniica. B.M. doBter-flowered.opp. upp. alt lin. pitr.5.6. S.Eorope..... H.9. ■■ .■ 



TULIPAyTULIP. CaLO. Ci>r.beU^k.qf6couc,p€t8. Ger.wUkhlunta»gk$. Cmp9.^lcaUJ^\ 

Booarotiana. Bonarata's. elong. ondul. glau. r.var. 5. Italy. 1828. H.^.^tdkand^ 

bi6dra. b.r. two-flowered, lln. awl-sbap. wh,fn,yeU 4. Runia. 1806. H.9* lomtu c»- 

C!eliUiia. b.m. Cell's. lane. ot. cobtoL yeLred. 6. 7. Levant • . . • H.9. crtiBiiid If 

flMmtina. b.r. Mountain. obi. lane. acum. chan. cr, Persia. 1826. H.9. •JffHtfntk 

6cnlis-s6lis. s.s. Agen. ot. lane, ciliat glau. sc.re. 4. S.Enrop.l816. H.y.UbeMluMi 

pr*aBOOs. early. ov. lane. and. pubes. sc.re. Persia. 1826. H.9* chM€€ mr§$ 

•yW^itris. E.B. wild. lin. lane, ent yeZ.4. 5. England H.9.jA«bMI«Ii^ 

turcica. B.p.G. Florentine. lane, aeut chann. glan. yel. H.9*i^< 

they are done flowering, and replanted in October, or Ni 

HYACrNTHUS, HYACINTH. Cor.qflpetal,ine$egm. Ger.withtamgleB. Cap9.%-eelkd. 

«Betfay'stinas.B.F.G. Spanish. 6-7 ligul. chann. blue, 4. 5. S.Enrop. 1759. H.^. Riek 

orientilis. B.H. oriental. lln. ehann. smth. 6fMe. 8. 4. Levant. 1596. H.^.lmm^k^ 

mould, effaeteftom ik§ 

CAL08TEMMA,CAL0STE:MMA, Cor. fun.'$ha, limb e-part, Nect.U-dentid. Ger.l^cdL. 



tttevm. B.B. yellow. lorate, lin. smth. yel. 8. 9. N. Holl. 1819. F.f. 
porpdreom. b.h. purple. narr. lin. obt. pur, .— — F^J^pm^ 

AVTHERICUMySPJDER'WORT, Cui.O. Pet,%, Ft/.<ikrMd.M. Ger^tamgU Cape.qfltdUy^Mt^ln. 
ierotfmim. E.F1. late-flowering. halfroQnd,npp.onesdil.atbas. 6. Britain. — — H^^Ugid 



BUhBl'NEyBULBrNE. Cor. t-parted, spreading. Filam. emootk. Capt. ovate. Seeds amgwhr. 

aloidet. B.s. Aloe-leaved. liDgal. lane, fleshy. yeL C. B. S. 1782. O.^. 8mi^ 

Anikerieum aloUes, b.m. mtdf^i 

BYP(yXIS,HYP(yXI8. CaLO. Cor. qf^ pets. Antk.% times as long as the fllam. Sty. 1 Mtd. 

•btiisa. B.B. obtuse. lin. lane, the outer twisted. y. 1816. FJ^. Samiy 

ttettiplUa. B.B. starry-furred, awl-sh. 8-sid. white, hairy, y. 1821. F.^.^-lnffi 

seeds, or offsets from 0^ 

NARTHErCIUM, BOG' ASPHODEL. CaLO. Pet.t^-ribb. FiLwooUy. Caps.l>Jwrr,UoUs,^ti 

MMrirlBBBi B.M. American. lin. ; Braetes uneq. yei. 7. 8. N.Amer. 181 1. H«9. Ugki 
oasifrifnim.E.Fl. Lancashire. lane. ribb. 2-ranked. yd. Britain H.'^'diwUMwmt* 

[Caps.l.$ided.t t i#wi 
DiCHORISA'NDRA, DICHORISA'NDRA. Cat. 0/^ leaves, cone. Pet.%. Ger.t-sid. SHg.j m^ 

> 
OByptek. B.if. sharp-petaled. alt elUp. ent. striated, pur. 6. 8. BraaiL 1825. S.>Xi— ^fMfc 

lli|fiifljfcra B.B. TbjTfie-flower'd.elong. lane, ent Uiif. — -* ' 1822. S.||. <aM|i%IIY 

[globular, ^S eMs. 
COSVALLA'RIA, SOLOMON'S SEAL. Cor. beU-shap. Opart, Ger. roundish. Stig. 



UUnn. two-leaved. cord. ov. eat trath. ir4. 5. 6. N.Europ.lfBi. H.9. 1%M 
■^Mh. E.FL Uly oftbe Valley. ov. kBC. smth. «r*. Britain H.^.dhU. 



HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 07 

IjilfUc EaglUh Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of Soil and 

JfiBKw Name. Leaves, &C Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 



B.FL many-flowered, aroplex. alt. ot. ellip. wh, 5. 6. Britain U.9* 

y<jg0uiluui.E.Fl.comiiHm. alt.amplez.ellip.plaited.fr. England H.f. 

nmmtmm raeemed. elHp.laBc.ribb.piibes.beD.tr. N.Amer.l04O. H.9* 

iiilhlBim,E,PI. wfaoil*leafed. Un. lane, wbori. glao. wh, Scotland H.9. 



A8PA'RAGU8,AaPA'RAGUS. €^1,0, Cor.e-par.perm. Ber.qfieelU, Stig.t, Seedslor^ineachceU, 

s.t. Cqie. setace. spin, qoater. 4. 5. C. B. S. 1691. 0,Sb,Sandy Ioom^ 

w. cttmbing. lane, ialcate; Wm. climb. 17M. G. J^.cl. «eei{t, eutt, 

orpart,rooU, 

A'CORUS^SWEET'FLAO. Cor.nftcimcwepeUds, Ger.seuOe, Stig.Z'M, Caps, trittnf^. qfZ cOU. 

E.FL COBUBOD. erecty2-Sfeetlongy8mth.KT. 6. 7. Britain H.ir.9« Ii<Nmi- par<- 

UJL* OraMhleaTed. lin. smth. ent. gr, 9. China. 1786.H.ir.9. ing root$. 



[with many nedt. 
PRANKt^NIAf SEA'BEATH. CalqflW^^iih 5 acute teeth. Pet.S. Ger.Z-furrow. Caps.qflceU, 

liMkS.FL smooth. ll.reyo.8mth.cUla.atbase.car. 7. 8. England HJ^. Loam i^ peat. 

palfenilteta.E.Fl. powdered. obo.ob. smth. downy .ben.rc. .... H.9,$eed8,orcutt. 

B.if* few-flowered. lin.obt.canes.edgesrevol.ro«. N. HoU. 1825. O.J^. 



{Seede S in each, 
LOZVitAf WOOD-RUSH. Cai.qf6obl.leate$. Ger.o/leell, Stig.Z, downy. Ciq>8,qf I cell, SfZvalvee. 



B.F1. conred. lin.clian. hairy ; Panic. S-5 fl. Scotland H.y.Loam. oeedo^ 

Br.F1. field. flat,hairy;PiiNu;.3-4 clust. bl 4. 5. .... H.9. or dividing 

TiiMU.lLFI. Forster's. hairy ; Panic, cymose. bl, 5. 6. England H.^. at roots. 

|Ab.BJL hairy. pilo8e;Ptfdunc{esl-flow'd.6I.S. 5. Britain H.9* 

ffMtiauE.FL wood. stri.8hin.hairy;P«d.elon.6/.tp. .... H.9. 

tfkkM, B.FL spiked« chann.; Pantclob.droop. br, Scotland H.ljf, 

JVNCOS,RV8H. Calqf6perm,leao. Cor.O. Fit.shor. Ant.of2cell$. Ger.trian. Stig.Z. Caps.^tceUe. 

E.FI. sharp. <ijfi.nak.8Cut.;Pan.agg.^.6r. 7. 8. Britain H.9. Sandy soil 

B.P. Arctic. »tm,erect,smth.;Pitfit. da.br, Scotland H.9. or peaty/or 

acBtffldffiM. B.FL sharp-flowered. «tm,arti.comp.;Pant.fork. g. 6. 7. Britain H.^. the dwarf 

S.P. Toad. filif4Uign.8eta.;Pant.fork.pa. 6. 8. .... H.9. sorts,Secds, 

E.F1. two-flowered, lin. awl-sh. conipr. br, 8. Scotland H.9. ordividing 

B.r. dostered. keeledyflat,chann.abO¥e. br, 7. .... H.y, roots, 

B»v* headed. filif. chann, above, br.gr. 5. 7. Britain H.2I. 

B*F. roand-fmited. lin.chann.;«lm.conipr.KT.6r. 6. 7. .... H.^* — — 

i.B.F.comnion. «tm,nak.stria.;Pant.glob. 6r. .... H.Jf, 

B.F. soft. Panic, spread. gr, 5. 8. .... H.^. 

least. «fm.nak.fili.;Pani.offewfl.^. 8. .... H.9. 

B.FL glancoas-leaTed.sf m.(^an.striat.;Paiit.ere. 6r. 7. 8. .... H.9* — — — 

S.V. shining-fruited. art.comp.;Pa».4-6 or8-fl. br, .... H.^. 

■vWiBaa. B.r. sea. sfemnak.; Paiii<;. corop. 6r. 8. .... H.^. 

AIhI06iii8. B.F. obtose-flower'd. 2o«.& sftfmjoint. roand.^A. 7. 8. .... H.9. 

ipviteia. B.F. moAS. chann.; Panic, elong. br. 6. 8. .... H.f. 

iiiffeitldIlito8.w.wfaori-headed. setaeeonsy jointed. frr. 7. 8. .... H.^. 

^y^wi* B.F. three-flowered, lin. awl-sh. chann. br. 7. .... H.f . . 

tMhi. B.F. three-leaved, sfm. naked, sheaths fring.6r. 7. 8. Scotland H.9. 

B*r. littto-balbooi. bristly, knotty. br. Britain H.9. > 




FEPLISfPOtLSLANE. Cal.beU-shap.qfeug. Pet.6,obo. Gerjurr, Caps, qf 9 cells, with many ueds . 

M1bIb.£.F1. water. opp.obo.snith.sliii.creep.rfd. 7. 9. .... H,M.Sandy soU, 

K 3 seeds. 



3t> HKXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

9tMK*a«^^ i.mtf*»A Fmof €ol^r Month Native Ynof S«llcid 

"^•MA^- ^«M». L«nnet»4c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Utrod. Fnpi^iiln 

t K Sa, i'iiJk>T.Uy-TRES. Cor.iff^ptt9.lereei,5.toeth.theotherame. Brrr nM t ntm mtmf wirf, 

vv>. ••iv^u V. c. ><ASMte obL ent. 9-S-feet long. M.12.S. China. 1792. S.|b* Hick link 

ws.v>Kte •. .«. iUM:<^viftMini«L with pwillel veins. ro$. 3. 6. ManritL 1818. S.Sb'^MekenJhm 



[Berry it/^l eell^ wUk S .-^ 
>ik KUt^(vi*S -t-iKi^iiuKKV. Ca/*4(f*6cMic./Mrf«. Pe«.6. Ger. superior, eUip,obL Slif.O, Stig.^agL 

.^..*\^^k*. ^'M Hoil^-leA««U. piwi^-4iMlnyOT.Uui.dent2f. 4. 5. N.Amer.l824. H.J^.Gcnlm 
..iivui^os. •%. ^tuiMM« obl.ob.ent.o¥.mlittletooth.y. 4. 6. China. 1800. H.J^.«eMliy 
....^wva**H ■•<' v.*^ui*JiiMi. obiKtM>Ui.PrickLinthree8.y. Canada. 1750. U.S^.w euitiag9^ 






v;iuiii.iCvv%M. |MaiiJeafl^bl.lan.dent8pin. 4.5. N.Anier.l827. H.J^. 

.»4, 1^ <» (kuuMtr^ Ijinnieafl.OT.dcntspiny.ye/. 4. 1820. H.J&. - 

vis..i^-.^* c4vc4Hm» |>inaeafl.ov.8ubr.spin.dcn. y. 1822. H.J&. - 

• 4lv < f«M.l, P« «V 4 IK.N'M. C«ii.ie^8tearM. Pet.l^strap-Mhaped. Stig.%. CapM.Z-ceJUd. 

...^M «iu^*iMk •*• H. »w» lowkM^wl. erect, narr. lorate, spiny. «c.l2. 1 . S. Cruz. 1777. 8.9. iSoMfy 

:y,uuv.mkKM'U«u»uH.>*'u*M. cUiat. spiny, apex elong. <c. 6. 8. Janiaica.1781. S.9. €ndk^f 

irtA^i-Ax^. H,K. ihuifco-cvfcmwa. lane. ent. acum. »c. Brazil. 1823. S.9.moiiM. «mA. 

Uki»i»-*w^ "^'H. i»K*^>- dent.8plny,lanc.8mth.abo.ro. 7. 9. S.Amer.l818. S.'^^^frm^rmL 

y^* Wikl* KKl i. KM.NTKP'KK/.I. Cvrsing^^-part. Stam,in9er.inthetuhe,Zsk»ri,^Zlo»g. Siig,^^ 

u<^m«u«v*4mi« ^%» iMiwvk-Waved. loiiK,triang.l>a8etrun.cor. bl, 6. 8. N.Amer.l808.H.tr.9.Rtc&lbaiyb 

»..Uvsi. H.H. h»iHi\»-rtvwenHl. cord. ent. smth. pur. Jamaica.1822.S.ar.9. water. iK- 

. .'4 %i4*«*, »**». h*MU-kN»>cd. cord. obi. smth. bl, N.Amer.l759.H.tp.9.vtdtiy rMfi^ 

i,H-kv»» V »*.H. >*»h*l%Hl. tagltt obt or. acute. bl. 5. £. Ind. 1806.S.ir.9. — 

t ^i.u I \l>kV' i. t'*^*- * M>^''-*« iftl.Z'parted. Cor.i-cW.campan. Cape.l-Z-ceUed. 

.^^^..i*4ia, «>v lii^A^ut' l«»a>r<Hl. lane. Ungol. ent. ye/. 6. 7. Jamaica. 1776. 8.9. teu^lMn 

V^-^^ ,^^,, u. H. ISnukt-Ule, lin. llgul. ent. acut. ye/.jifc. Brazil. 1827. S.^. mih^f 

\^^ ^ isMio c\4tmnHl. Iigul.acum.serr.spread. roe, 1829. S ff wtaftl. if I: 

.\'Vva. »«•»*. *****^''' laiicacum.convex canescW. 11. 1810. S.y.er^/rwari*!. 

. ;^t»,w ^t' I. t^l-N'** \Vk*LE. Ca/,3-|idr. Pet,ZywUhah9ney-bear, scale at boMeqfeackpet. B€rX'eaL 
y .1 ^.U( «^- tu^m^l-lNived. ciliat. spin. mucr. red. 3. 4. W.Ind. 1699. S.f».^aadylia« 

^^IT^uW M u. ««U%I. spiny, apex, elong. cr. 7. 8. S.Amer. 1820. " ff ^ ''iTnfitf 

""^i!.**!* «• *»• »oluaslrt»ak©d.chann.obtdentspiny. yeZ.6. 7. 1825. S.^.tacikera/rwi 

the 

'4 k W ^ \iMr»V. III.IM)|)-fXOirK/?. Invol.qfmanyleatee. Cor.e-parted. Berry l^elled. 

»u, tti ¥• ^ •t'«ii«*l. ""KW>- fl«^ »™^'>« *<^- 8.10. C. B. S. 1629. F.p. Somfy 

.,.. u, *i H tU^h luilourwl. 2, nrtun.ov. pilose, opp. car. 6. 8. 1819. F.p. mmd peti. 

• '\\\s\* w »• »'*»*■•* umlwllod. 2,eUlp. |)oint. flat,8mtb. se. 2. 3. 1795. F.^p. offeetefrmm 

„..X\k»u« h m. "»«»»> llowrml. t'llip. lane, nndul. ee, 5. 9. S.Leone.1783. S.9. bulks. 

• Z\\\ y\\* w *•• ^*^'* Iravod. obi. eJlip. acut sc. C. B. S. 1722. O.^. 

^ vUvw\w« » ••• d«»«*ii.v. obi. Unc. hairy. irA. 8. 9. 1774. F.^. 

i V\»f I ••'•'•' • •*•■• '***"'• "»^*<*'i»*"''<'*'' ^''•'«'»' «««''«' »» the recep. Caps.i-celUd, nmrny-seedid. 
u^m»^.»ni«. H.M. Ii«»«». Bmplc'x.cdgcsrcflex.spln.sc.ll.3. C.B.S. 1731. O.f^. Sndy 

\i\\\^^^' Ah lean. ninif. glau. ye/. 7. G.|t. mKiaic 

^. U\«'i»»« •• M. mnm»iiwn»rd. Ileum, glau. prickly, sc.ye/. 3. 6. 1795. G.t». mMuJh. 

^111^* jj„llrt, ,1.11. hiVMillrti lrrt>MJn2ro.rrcc.spr.8polt. w^^ ***** ^•*- ••«*«^ 



HBXANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 60 

IjigtmiHic BBgiish Form of Col.of Month Native Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Leaves, Ac Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Pro|>afatioo. 



B.t» ihort-lesved. glao. edges spiny. sc^. 0. 8. C. B. S. 17S1. O.J^. 

B.M. imbricated. mucr. erect shin. st, 5. 6. ■ O.J^. 

Haw. intermediate, bifarioosy enslf. gr, 1790. G.|t. 

tongue-leaved. lingul.8pott.8eiT. ro,w.g»6,S, 1759. O.J^. 

iieforfDth«,B.M. small spined. lin.lanc.chann.8pott. red,gr, 7. 8. 1819. O.J^. 

■■oriibu B.M. spotted. ttnguif. smth. ro,gr, 1759. 0.|t. 

■Vvfbnnis. h.s. Mitre. thick edges, spiny. $e. 8. 1732. 0.|t. 

B.M. Fan. distich, lingnif. smth. r€d,gr, 6. 7. Africa. 1728. 0.|^. 

i.M. five^ded. 5 far. and spiral, smth. gr. C. B. S. 17S1. O.J^. 

spike-flowered. ensif.spott.edges,spiny. w.g, 4. 6. 1795. O.J^. 

iliiilB. H.s. streaked. glan. striat. sub-dent. re,gr, 6. 8. > O.J^. 

lariegfttB. B.M. Partridge-breasttrifar. angled, yarieg. «c.^. 3. 8. 1720. O.9. 



BUONAPA'RTEA,BUONAPA'RTEA. Cal.qf21eav. Cor,qfZc(mvol.pet. Sty.^-com. Ci^.Z-c€U. 
jiacca. k.p. Rush-leaved, numer.recnrv.awl-8h.rig. bl, 7. 9. Peru. 1800. S.9.Amdy peai, 

COSSfGNEA^ COSSfGNEA. Cai. S-parted. Cor. qfA^S petals. Cap$. %'CelUd, opening at apex. 

DC. Bourbon. pinn. ov. lane, notch, wk. Mauritii. 1824. G.Si.Sandypeatff 

tMm* looM. cuit. 

PMraOS, WINTER-BERRY. Cat. e-parted. Cor. (^fl petal, rotate. Berry e-eeeded. 

DC. Carolina. ov. acum. decid. smth. wh» 7. 8. N.Amer.l812. H^S^.Samdy loom. 

evergreen. cuneat. lane. smth. shin. tr&. 1759. H.J^. layers, or 

,pc. smooth. lan.serr.acum.smth.decid.10. 1812. H.J^. seeds. 

shining. obi. ov. serr. shin. tr. 1829. H.J^. — — — 

D.F. Prunns-leav'd. ellip. lane. serr. irA. 6. 7. 1820. G.J&. 



NANBtINA,NAND'INA. Col. O-c^ft, imbricated. Pet. 6. concave. Berry l^ceOedyi-seeded. 

dsaiilfca. B.M. garden. Leo/I. lane. tern. wh. China. 1804. G.S^.Lo^tfpeat. 

eutt. with their leaves not shortened, wiU strike root. 

CANARFNA, CANARrSA. Cal.6'leav. Cor. e-cl^, eampan. Stig.6. Caps,^ceUed,many-seeded. 

miiiBiilii, L. Canary. stalk, hast, dent or. 1. 8. Canaries.1696. G.TIf.LoamifpeaJt. 

cuttings. 

BAMBirSA, BAMBOO-CAN E. Scales $,coveHng the S-flow.spikelets. Glume 2'Valved. Sty. bifid. 

vr. common. ov. lane, ent 6. 7. India. 1790. S.S^.Sandy loam. 

offsets. 



ORDER II. 

DIGYNIA. Styles 2. 

FA'LKIA, FA'LKIA. Cal.qflleqf,S-angled. Cor. qf I petal, tubular, margins 5-lobed. Ger.i,pubes. 

iifCM.A.rep. creeping. cord. ent. fleshy. . ip&. 5. 8. C. B. S. 1774. G.Sb^Loon^tfpeat. 

part, roots, or cutt. 

ATRAPH" AXIS, ATRAPH' AXIS. Cal.qf 2 leaves. Cor.qf^pet.sinuaU. Stig.capit. SeednngU. 

L. wave-leaved, ellip. ^ndoL smth. gr, 5. 7. — 1732. O.J^. Sandy loam. 

cuttings. 



Num. hmBK. Lcuvci, ftc. Flu*, ufri. CsDUIr;. lairiHl, PiapumUal 

IUCHARDS<riflA,RICBARDSONIA. CaHI-pari. C«r.fiinii.-tkap.liMb3.S.lob. Slig-t-iik/t. 
Kibra. B.r.G. rough. 

I 0X'VRIA,MOUNTATN-aORREL. Cat.i^Suppe.ltani. Pft.2. GeT.dtt.alllunmMit. Sttii^ 

l~ntiiAniiU. E.n, kldnc^r-ihaped. kidney -sb. atalL. wavy. gr.6. T. Britain H.p. Saaii/ln 

Ktdt, or port, nt 
I BARBACBNIAyBARBACETNIA. Cirr.qfa-pet.taitedi»t,ati.btallheba>e. FUam. U|U. 

jrea. B.M. purple. lio. aciim. Icetli aplny. pur. Brazil. 1S2S. S.^. Loam tt fU 

attdi, vr iltrid. ftarf 



ORDER III. I 

TRIGYNIA. Stvles3. 

I NOLI'NA.NOU'NA, Ccr. 6-pai-led, »pread. Sty.ihoTl. Ci^.aci>nitred,3-ceUcd. Stedt uilitari. 
I geoTgUna. Mi. Georgian. elong. liD. ucam. vk. T. 8. Georjtin, 1S13. H.|^. Smdft 

' R'VMBX, DOCK ^SORREL, Cal-qfiabiailiavn. Ptt.9. Ger.triaKgiUar. Seed\,nalitd,»^ 

HydroUpathum.B.B.great-nBter. lane. imth. acul. eal. f r. 7. 8. Britain H.ir.p. Saa^jri 

ntaritimiu. E.Fl. golden. lio. Innc. ncuL enL t/el. .... H.^,ue4t,9l 

oblusifoliiu. E.FI. brood leaved, cord. olil. obt. ere n. gr. 0, B. H.^. la^t/n 

lineus. E.Fl. bloody-vcised. Udc. cord. acnt. curi'd, ^.6.7. England H.9- rxL 

TOFrELDIA, SCOTTISH ASPHODEL. CaUi-el 

palAstria. E.Fl. manb. Ifin.ribb.iacuTTS-raDk. lo.ii. 7. B. Britain H.^ 

SCHEUCBZERIA,SCHEUCHZERIA. Cal.O, Ptl.S,TiaiT. Ger.i, Sty.O. Stig.ttt 
pallUtrit. E.Fl. manh. alt slender, semicylind. gr.S.a. England U.K.lf.Peal^l 

TRIGVOCBIN, ARROW-GRASS. Cal.qficBHc.leat. Ptt.S. ^'iLaAor. G<r.JarO/iir. .%.0. ALI 

InMm. E.FI. sea. aemicyllnd. fleshy. S. 8. ttritalD H.tr.^. Uai It 

, palbitrit. B.FL marsh. Uo.chann.inith.3-raok. rc.^. ....H.ir.p.Mtcr.i 

COLCBICUM, MEADOW-SAFFRON. Col.O. Car.qfl pit. ihG deep teg. Capt.l-aU. Snitgi 
■reDarium. sand. lln. chann. erecl. par. 9.10. [IuDgary.1816, H. V. LigU i 

autumnale. E.F1. coniiDon. laoc. erect, smtb. pur. Brllaio H.^'f*^" 

byzantlnum. B.M. broad-leaved, obi. or. broad. pur. Levant. 1639. H.^. trtffi 

crociflAniin. b.h. CraCD>-flower'd.lanc.initb.;sj)atAafew-fld.jiH. .... H,^ Mi 



I 



UEDEO'LA.MEDEOLA. Cal.O. Cvr.6-partcd,T 
firginica. l. Indian Ciiciimb.in whorii. 



TRIO YN I A. 71 

•ritfitle BiflUb Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of Solltnd 

Nmbc Nime. Leaves, Ac Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propafttlon. 

UYRSiPBlTLLVMyMYnaiPHY'LLUM. Car.^6 pet. revd. %.&. Ber.ycell. celUwUh29€eds. 

■ptfagoidef.W.cii JUpvag«i-like.<HP. alt obUq.sub-cord. IV&.IO.S. C.B.S. 1702.O.^.c2. 5aitdy loam. 
MedeSim mM pm rrng Md et, cuttinga, 

CALOCHOrRTUS,CALOCH(yRTUS. CaLqftUac. Pet.^'col. 8ty.%,9h«rt. SHg.recu. C^p^l-ceU 

■MMcirpoi. B.s« kmg-fhiited. emif. glan. theatli. pur. 0. Cohimb. 1820. H.^.PMt^rlMMi. 

offuts. 

TRtLLIOM, TRTUJUM. CkL^^lMzu. Cor. qfZpeiaU, spreading. Bernf t-ceOed, num^^eeeied. 

flfajHiWB. B M. drooping. or. smth. iuut* at base. wh. 4. 5. N. Amer.1758. H.9* Sandy loam 

dbeolor. B.w. tuo-eokmred. te«. ot. acat. Uotdied. gr. 6. .... H.9. andpeai. 

! ciyCliiocirpoa.B.ii.blood-staiDed. cord. oy. smth. ent f«/. 5. 6. — — >— 1811. H.9* Mctfi, or di- 

wMnin.W. erect. tern. or. ent. smth. d.;itir. 4. 5. 1759. H. 9* aiding the 

itefle.B.M. sessUe flowering.broadly oy. d.pMr. H.ljf. root. 



BETONIAS, HELONIAS. CaL 0. Cor. departed. Sty. S. SUg. recurved. Cape. %-eeUed. 

haflita. B.M. spear-leaved, lane ensif. smth. par. N.Amer.I768. 'RJf.hoamifpeat. 

aythrap^raHLB.if.channel-feav'd. long, Hn. smth. gr. 0. 1770. H.9. part. root. 

XEROPHY'LLUMfXEROPUY'LLUM. Flow.6-parted. Stig.l, obi. sees. Caps.Zeelled.i'Seeded. 



Nat grass. lin. grassy; Panic, loose, wk. 5. 6. 1812. H.^.Peat tf loam. 

BdHmkB grmahua. B.if. part, roots. 

APONOGBTTON, APONOGE'TON. Ca/.O. Cor.O. Catkin composed 0/ scales. Caps.A^^-seeded. 

B.M. broad-leaved, ellip. obi. smth. ent wh. 5. 7. C. B. S. 1788.0.19.9. Peat 4* loam 
»B.rep. spiked. ov.eord. spike sfanple. v&. 8.10. £. Ind. 1802. S.fr.9. in water. 

offsets from Mb. 



ORDER IV. 



HEXAGYNIA. Styles 6. 

ACTiNOCA'RPUS,ACTINOCA'RPU8. Col. of I leaves. PH.l. Ger. OS, united at bau^l-seeded. 



.B.P. common. cord. obi. smth. wh. 6. 8. England HMJ9.Loamifpeat, 

AUsmm DuWMsMam. b.b. inwater. 

seeds. 



ORDER V. 

POLYGYNIA. Styles many. 

ALT SMA^ WATER-PLANTAIN. Cat. ^f Cleaves. Pet.tydecid. Caps, in a cluster, distinct, I- seeded. 

E.F1. floating. dUp. dbt.; Pedwmc. ring. wh. 1. 8. Wales. . . . H.tc.y. Peat if loam 

. E.FI. great-water. ellip. or. smth. wh. — — Britain H.tc.y. im waUr. 

f«HCBMdci.E.FI.lesser. lin. lane. wh. 8. ....H.tc.y. seeds, or 

part, roots. 



70 



Srvtmiitic 
Name. 



En • 



RICHARDSON n,, 

Sdibni. B.F.G. lo: 

OX'YRIA,3Wf \ 
reniformis. e.d. 

BARBACll'M 
purpurea, jj.v 



geor- . 

in 

in.: 



••••''^ ^r.i. 



xDER I. 



?• A MEN'S 7. StVJ.K J. 



.. I M-orb N'ative Yr.of 
•••. u f I. Country. Intnul. 



•Soil ai 
Hn>l»a5ai, 



>••«. 



«• : *'. 



.w«.. r. I. Usume compressed, 4'S-seeded, 
V. , Mil. /r. 4. 6. E. Ind. 1796. S.a^. Sandy /« 

and peat, eu 

..,,'*^'^; r*''*-'*/l^<''^^7rfl/rf*. Seed.H ansnh 
^^> KU.oflUares. Cor.wheel-shap.inT devpe^ 

.iui. r4. 7. 8. N.Anier.lSIf). H.p. Li>A/ /m 

cj. ^r-. ra. 5. 6. Britain H.p. and peat 

dirid, at r« 

I -i.tfi. :m:V>. Caps, 2-ceUed, many-seeded, 

»*•• 5. 8. Madeira.1771. G.fl. Loam^-pM 

|Kir<. at TOO 

..^m*^., ^.vT't'i. Cjr.o, Berry l-ceUed, single-seeded, 

^ . w'«itt. 'iiiui. i«cy. ^r. 4. y 182ri. S.^.Loamifpeai 

.. ■..:•?. -nrj. «*k. X. HolL 1801. G.$. euttinf^s, 

.V. i.'i...in»..'9C<ii:j. ^. S.Amer.]S20. S.^. 

. • • •* ■«. nm. *. : *.v". r,:.4-o. Sta, recur. Caps.Z-cell, Seedshrge. 

, ^, .«i ^aut:. jUi. jC'i-Tf-^tfCT. •'«"-m. H.C. Sandy loam. 

%.u, tiif. :• -m'-i. r'w". 5. 6. N.Amer.l812. H.C grafting 

^ji*.4uv. nrr- ;ij.J4:?. A*. .... 11.^, budding, or 

.. J. t id.' ^wv* K-JI. ii^c:. 4. 5. A*ia. 1629. H.r./i'/cry/^r/Jkf 

.^.T** -.-:i:v t." ^I'j. >f-v ?*:'. N.Aiuer 11,^, dwarf speeie. 

•\^'. ^ •»»•!■. «"•»• (I 4.*-..:. Txrnw, ;v^^<•*. Caps, smooth, Stam, erect. 



•b •» ••* **. 



•ax*: .•»» ?. !• -\ >r5 U' . 



» . » ■•^ . 






vl. 7. S. 



A*. .". l«. 



1 764 . H . r . .Vimif /rMl- 
17t<6. H.$. nirNf a;t /lul 

1711. H.cr. 



>. V*... «»••«••'«. S4».K Ffi. :*. S:>sJis corered, 

» 

^ ^. .^>*v *.. -^vA^t < v«»- ••»'» "-^ " '.'^5 «'*• IndU. 1759. S.||. Light rick 

ioam. part, root. 



*%?••• • 






*«Mi«. 



t, '•t* ••• V 



/r 4W i'lh. «>liriJi<. 



»*«•. >j^«t* *M»-*»- ^••' •*** '• *• ^'« B-S. 1731. C.p. Rich loam, 

SMckfTM, 



HJEPTANDRIA DIGYNJA. 7:» 



ORDER II. 

DIGYNIA. Styles 2. 

Systematic English Form of Col.of Montb Native Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c Flow, of Fl. Cooatry. InUvd. Proptgalloo. 

LTMEUMy LTMEUM. CaU of 5 leaves. Pet, 5, equal. Caps, globose, 2'CelUd, 

L L, African. obi. lane cnt wh. 6. 7. C. B. S. 1774. G.^. Sandtf loam 

and peat, dtctd. at root. 



ORDER III. 

TETRAGYNIA. Styles 4. 

UVRlTRUSj LIZARD* S-TAJL, Cal.acatkinof singU-JVd. scales. Cor. 0. Ger,i, Berr, ifl-seeded, 

Chinefle. cord. ov. acam. shin, tr^.8. 10. China. 1822. F.w.ljf.Strong loam 

F. drooping. cord. alt. ent. smtli. wh, 8. 9. Virginia.l759.H.w.V. tm water. 

seeds, or part, rooti* 



ORDER IV. 

HEPTAGYNIA. Styles 7. 

SFPTASy SKPTAS. Cal l-cU^ft. Cor. qf7 petals. Caps, 7, single-seeded, 

DC. Cape. connate, ercn. orblc. tcA. 8. 9. C. B. S. 1774. GJlfi, Sandy loam 

and peat, divid, at root. 



CLASS VIII. ORDER 1. 

OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Stamens 8. Style 1. 

■ . \ , 

aNOTH£rRA,EVENJNG-PRmR0SE. Cal.decid.i'cUf. Pet.A,oho. Ger.obl. Stig.A. Cap.i-eeU. 

iBHiilis. B.R. stemleas. pinn.tenninal^ob.dent. w.r, 6. 7. Chile. 1822. H.9* Sandy loam 

iriifloba. B.F.G. uneqnaUlobed. eU.obor*pttbAipp.ptnnati. ir. ^ — • — -^ 1898. ^HkJfktflti^tfMM' 
DC, common. 0¥.lanc.tooth.;«im.roagh.^e. 6.9. NAmer. 1629. H,lB»see4*,orcut' 



cross-leaved. ellip. lane. smth. ' sf.6.10. 1821. H.IB, tings ; iHnM 

'Mpitdsa. B.M. tufted. lane. ent. dent wh. 6,7. 1811. HJ^^^^^^^ species 

mymhbsn, DC. corymbose-fl'g. ianc.ddiit8mtli.;f<m.twiit ffJf,l^ ...... 18S6. H.II. wiUhe99 dit 

iBcftmbeM. 9.R. decumbent or. Umc. ghiu. pobes. pur. — — N Amer.1827. H,'S^.mding ^t the 

VMii. B.M. Eraser's. 0¥.denticul.;«^m.pubes.ytf2.5.10. 1811. H.9* root," 

L 



74 OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



'stematic 


English 


Form of 


Col.of Month Native 


Yr.of 


Name. 


Name. 


Leaves, &C. 


Flow. ofFI. Country. 


Introd. 



Soil 



glaikca. B.M . glancoos. ov. dent glau. yel, 5. 10. N.Amer.l737. H.^* - 

grandiBdra. b.m. great-6owered. ov. lane. dent. yel. 6. 8. 1778. H.fl|. ' ■ 

longiBora. dc. long-6owered. dent.; stm, hairy. yel, 7. 9. B.Ayres.l776. H.IS. 

Lindleyana.B. Fl.G.Lindley'fl. lane, ellip. smth. ent piir.6.12. N.Anier. 1827. H.2U 

nii88onri^nn8.B.M. MiMonri. lane, gland, dent yel,6,S. 1811. H.^* 

inaeroe4rpa.B.F.o.large-eapsnted. lane, dent notch. yel. H,^. ' 

noetikrna. dc. nig^bt-smelling. lane. sen*. jmr, 4. 8. C. B. S. 1700. G.V. ' 

odorita. b.m. sweet-scented, lin. undol. lane. dent. yel. Patagon. H.9« - , 

p&llida. B.R. pale-stemmed. lin.lane.dent.or.ent wh.pk, N.Amer.l827. H.^* 

piUmila. B.M. dwarf. oM. lane. ent. ye/. 5.9. 1757. H.9* ■ > ^ > ' -> 

panrl6dra. DC. small-Bowered. ov. lane.; s(m. sub-vill. yel.6,S. H.K. ■■ r. .., 

Romanzovii. B.R. Romanzow's. lane. alt. ent. reciirv. tiol. 1817. H.fl. ' 

rosea, b.m. rose-eoloured. ov. dent, lower lyrate. ros, 5. 8. Peru. 1783. F.^* ■ 

rdsea-alba. red and white, lane. ent. smth. obt. ro8,wh. Nepaul. 1827. H.2I. " ■ « X 

serotfna. b.f.g. hite-flowerhog. lane. smth. dentie. yel.7.10. N.Ampr.l820. H4^. ■ , 

sermli^ta. s.s. saw-leaved. lln.lane.8ab-pubes.ben. yel. 5. 6. 1824. H.f. 

speeidsa. B.F.G. shewy. lanc.tooth.& atten.atbase.tr. 6. 8. Lonisian.1821. H.^* ~— — > ^ 

taraiacif51ia.B.F.G.Dandelion-rd. ptnnatif.tyrate,pabes. w.pk. Chile. 1823. H.^* ' 

tendlhu B.M. slender. lin. lane. sess. glau. pur, 6. 7. H.2I. ■ • 

EPILO'BIUMy WILLOW-HERB. Cdl.^part. Cor.qfApet.eUv. C<ip«.4-nifeif,wtt&4«eaf|-4«rffe6 



alpinum. E.F1. Alpine. elll.lan.obt^mth.entov. roj. 6. Britain H.^* 

angnstifdUom.Br.Fl.FrenchWillow. lin. lane, smooth. pk, ■ .... H.^. 

alsinifblium. E.F1. Chickweed-lv'd.ova. aeum. smth. shin. trA. .... H.J^.peartMrmi$m 

aiigiifti8shniim.H.K. narrowett-rd. lin. ent smooth. pu.pk. Alps.Ea. 1775. H.|l. ''' * ' 

Dodonsl. Dodoens's. lin. denticul. smth. pu.pk. France. 1700. H.||. 

hiniitam. E.F1. hairy. ov. lane. sen*, hairy, pu.pk. Britain H.||. ■' 

mont&Dnm. E.F1. mountain. lane, dent; xtemsmtlv /t. 7. 8. ..•• H.||. — — ^ 

parviBdmm. e.b. small-6owered. sess.lan.down.slighttooth. y. — .... H.f. ' > 

rdsenm. B.B. pale. ov.lanc.tooth.;«<m.4-sid. ro«. .... H.f. — .— 

tetragdmim. E.FI. square-stalked, lane. sess. tooth, alt. pur. .... H.||. ' ■■ 



[Cops. ^lce</,cfMl9 
CHLO'RAf YELLOW-WORT. Calqf6-S leaves. Cor. Bolver-shaped, 6-b-clift. Ger.obUmg. SUf*%. 

perfollita. E.FI. perfoliate. perf. acut. smth. glau. yel. 6. 7. .... H.9. S^miylmmm" 



RWEXIA, RH'EXIA. Cal. tubular, orateyVentHcoie^ limb 4-cl^. Pet. Aj obwuie. Cap». A-€dUi. i^ 



cilidsa. b.f.g. ciliated. ov.acu.S-ner.edg.eUiat. pur. 6. 8. N.Amer.l812. H.||.J 

mariina. DC. Maryland. lane, acute, 3-nerv. It, 1750. H.||.]MBrti»|^f!iiiirt 

virgiDlca. b.m. Virginian. sess. ov. Ian. cilia. serr. pur. — H.||. ■■ *** 

verdcolor. B.R. changeable. ov. obi. serml. 5-nerv. fl. Brazil. 1825. S.|b. — — i-io 

GA'URA,GA'VRA.C4d.Ui-clrfi.Cor.if%'ApeUd».Fiiam.&'^Ger.qflcell. 

bihiiiis. B.M. bieDDial. obi. lane, acut dent. w.red.S. 10. N.Amer.l768. H.B. RM %if * 

eocdnet. DC. scarlet. lin. lane, dent hairy. «c. Louiidan.1811. H.^* 



•••• 



TROP^OLUMy INDIAN CRESS. Cul.6-part.8purr.utthibiue. Cor.qfipets. Gtr. 

peregrfnoiB. B.R. strange. sub-pelt 5-7-lob. smth. yet. 6. 7. Peru. 1810. S.Tjf.S^ylmft*^ 
tricoldnim. B.r.G. tbree-coUmred. pelt segm. 6-7 obov. ent or. Chile. 1828. H.^. dtvuT. rmi», 



OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 76 

Bigllsh Fomof Col^f Month Native Yr.or SoUuid 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 



JEFFERSONIA^JEFFERSrONIA. Cal.5'part.€olo. Cw.iffSpets, Cti^,ob0,l'cell€d,mimy'9eed€d. 

Cpk'yila. DC. two-leaved. ODlonfstalk.biDa.reiii.8mtii.fr. 5. NAmer.1792. HJf, Sundyloam 

and peat, $eed$,in' part, roots, 
i 

EUPETORIA, BUPirORIA. CaLi-tooth, Pet.S^reflexed, StawLQ-Q, Stig.2. Caps,l-celUd. 

Loogioi. DC. LoDgaD. pioD. ; Pm. lax. tcA. 5. 6. Cliioa. 1786. 8,S^,Loamfypeat, 

JHmotirpmt Longan, Loo. cuttings, 

BOXBiTRGHIAfROXBO'RGHIA, Cai.qfiUaves. Cor.^Apets. Caps.l-ceaed^%'Valv. many-seed. 

lUMdnu Ez.B. elliptic*leayed. cord, stalic. yelpur, E. iDd. 190Z,S,'9.cl,Peat 4* toam, 

B.1I. part, root. 



nCBA'UXlA^MICHA'UXIA, Co/. 8-10-«lc^. Cor. rota. S-lO-el^. Stam. S or 10, Caps.S'l0^tt. 
Icfigita. B.B. smooth. obl.laD.deD.pil.;«fm.8mtii.ir. 8. 9. Persia. 1820. F.||. 

Gtti8LEAf GRISLEA, Cdl, tnbuloTy i-6'tootked. Pet.A-Q. Sty,fil\form. Caps, globular, 

tnortte. B.K« liaiiy. o? . sess. liairy Doder. re(f.5.12. £. iDd. 1804. S,S^.LoaMSfpeat, 

cuttings, 

OUMKIA,CLA'RKIA. CalA-cl^.tubul, Cor. of A pets. Pet.Z-hbed. Filam,A. C«^.<ifAceUs. 

fMlk« B.B* beantifal. Hd. alt eDt. smtli. jwr. — * N.Amer.1827. H.U* Sandy loam, 

Pid^flto. white-flowered, seeds. 



BOMmiA^ BOR(yNIA, Cal,qf A leaves. Cor, qf A equal pets, Stam, bearded, Ger,A, Caps,2'Valted, 

wiDged-leafed. piD.leafl.eUip.creD.edg.re¥. H. Hoil. 1825. Q,^, Sandy loam, 

B.R. tootli- leaved. Ud. deDtic. retase. pk, 1823. O,^, fypeat, 

\.u. piiuate- leaved. pinD.leafl.opp.liD.smtli. pk, 2. 5. N. S.W. 1794. Q.^, cuttings, 

B.R* saw-leaved. trapezlf. acat. sermi. ros, 1816. G.5>. 



FWCHSIA, FVCHSIA, Cal.A-partedy coloured. Cor, qf A petals, Berr.qf A ceUs, with many seeds, 

B,R. alinibby. tern. ov. obi. ent. smth. pk,6, 10. Mexico. 182S. O.JJb. Loamt^leqf 

M. scarlet. opp. ov.dent. m. 5. 8. Chile. 1788. F.j^, mould, eutt. 

B.B. chaDgeable. alt.ov.laoc.acum.dent. vio, 6. 4. N. Zeal. 1821. O.JJb. 

slcDder. opp. kinc. pnbes. se, 5. 6. Mexico. 1822. F.|&. 

M. Boz-thom-l'd. ov. ent. opp. pur.4. 10. Chile. 1796, O.^. 

.B.F.o.smaU-leaved. opp. eilip. deDt. red, Mexico. 1827. F.l^. 

. DC large-crowned. ioS-whoriSyOv.deDt. sc. 6. 8. Chile. 1823.. G.^. 

B.wu imall-flowered. ov. obt eDt. concave. sc, Mexico. 1824. F.|b« 

B.R. i^obe-flow'd. opp. serr. obi. ov. cord. «c. 5. 9. 1830. G.l^. 

B.R. thymerleaved. ov.acot.ent.or8ub-deDt. sc, 6. 1827. G.|b. 



tJBCKLA^BJECKIA. Cai, S-dift, permanent. Pets. 5. Stam, 5-10, short Caps.l-S-celled, 

B.if. fragrant. obov. laDC. obt. imbr. 10^. 7. 8. N. S.W. 1820. G.|^. Sandy loam, 

DC. Flaz>leaved. Ud. mucr. smth. tcA. 6. 8. 1820. O. ^. if letif mould, 

jMiBlli Pine-leaved, long, lin. acom. vio, 1829. O,^, cuttings. 

BJi. twiggy. Un. smth. ent wft.8.10. 1806. 0,§^, 



' 



nLRVTERIAfKOSLRUTERIA. CahqfSUaves, Pets,A,irreg, Nect,scalesA, Caps, Z-sided. 

Mnil i l i. B.R. puided. pinn Jeafl.ov.obl.hiDc.deD.y. 7. 8. ChiDa. 1763. H.jjb- Sandy loam 

layers^ or cuttings qf roott 

L2 



76 OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Syttematic Easlbta Tonn of Col^f Month Native Yr.of S«il tad 

Name. Name. Lcaresyftc. Flow. ofFl. Country. latrod. 



DODONJE'AfDODONJE'A. Cai.A-farUd. Cor.O. Sty, filiform. Cdps. S-S^eOcd. Seedil. 

atteooita. b.m. attenuated. lin.8pat.rig.edg.rev.den. g, 7. 8. N. S.W. 1824. O.J^.J 
obloDgifoUa. B.R. oblong-leaved. obl.ob.mac.en.orsub-den.p.^ N. HolL1816. G.Jj^. emUiagt* 

DA'PHNE,DA'PHNE. Cal.tulmlar^A'partedf coloured, Cor.O. Berr.qfleeU^wUhlmid. 

alpina. B.C. alpine. lane, obt downy ben. ir^. 5. 7. Italy. 1750. H.Sb. Smitdff I 

altilca. B.M. Altaic obl.lanc.obtbaseatten. trA. 4. 6. Siberia. 1796. ILSb. 

Cneorum. B.M. trailing. obov. lane. mucr. ent. pfc. 4. 0. Austria. 1752. H.^.gr ^f Hm g m 

coOina. b.m. hairy. obt.obo.8mth.abo.vill.ben. re,l. 6. Italy. 

h'ybrida. b.r. hybrid. ov. ellip. smth. ro$. Hybrid. 1826. 

lanredla. B.B. spurge-laurel, lane. obov. smth. ent. yei. 1. 3. Britain 

mezerenm. b.b. Mezereon. lane. smth. decid. red. 2. 4. England 

P 6Umm. white-flowered. 

napolit&na. b.c. Neapolitan. obov. ent apex notched, re. I. 6. Italy. 182S. 

od6nu B.M. sweet-scented, lane. obi. ent. smth. p.irA. 1. 3. China. 1771. 

p6ntica. B.M. Pontic. obov. ent. smth. shin. g»yeL 4. 5. Pontus. 1750. H.Jj^. 

T&rton-ridra. w. silvery-leaved, obov. ellip. silky. st. 5. 7. France. 1640. H.||^. 




A'CER^ MAPLE. Cal.$'Cltf. Pet. 5. Ger.qf2lob. Sty.Umguh. Stig.2'Z. Cap$.%orZwiMg. Seei$h9L \ 

camp^tre. b.b. conunon. 5-lob. obt cut serr. gr. 5. 6. Britain. — ^ H.C L^fM iMb ] 

cr^cum. L. Cretan. cunea. at baseyacu.3-lo. g.y. — Levant 1752. H.jb* cmtHwft^i^* 

eriocirpum. dc. Sir C. Wager's, pal.5-lob.dent.smth.glau. $t. 4. 5. NAmer.1725. H.C* kem^Mm 

heterophyllum.w. evergreen. ov. ent. green, smth. ^. 5. 6. Levant 1750. H.CjMRt, «mI 
anqieroireiu. L. pUmitdim^ 

macrophyllam.Ph. kurge-leaved. digit. 5-lob. lobes dent gr. N.Amer.l826. H.C. ekmdedtUm^ 

nigrum. Mz. bUck. sinnat cord, pubes. ben. 4. 1812. H.C mtitm^ mM 

obldngum. oblong-leaved, ov. obi. ent smth. shin. ^. 7. 8. Nepaul. 1820. H.C sMhrrMl. 

obtnsitum. blunt-leaved. cor.orbi.5-lo.lobe.den.^.ye. Hungary.1825. H.Jj^. ■' 

palmitum. dc. palmate-leav'd. pal.5-7cleft,lobesobl.ser. $t. 4. 5. China. H.|^. ^-^-^^ 

rikbrum. red. cord.palm. cut, dent. gr. N.Amer.l656. H.C. — 

Pseddo-pl&tanus.B.B. Sycamore. 5-lob. unequally sen*. gr. Britain H.C. — > 

fol. argMeo. eUtery^leaced. ■ 

nccharinum. dc. sugar. cor.pal.6-lo.smtghiu.den. $t. N.Amer.l7S5. H.C* ■ ■ 



VACCrNIUM,WHORTLE'BERRr. Cal.qfilemf.i-clrf. Cor.beU'8h.A'part. BerA-eOL 

am'cenum. B.R. broad-leaved, obi. acut ent. smth. wh, 5.6. 1705. H.|^.5kiid^li«iii^ 

angustifdlium. w. narrow-leaved, lane. acum. reif.ir4. 4. 5. 1776. H.Sb.i^pmL 

arbdreum. tree. ov.obov.acutsemil.ir&.red. 5. 9. 1705. H.J^.crt, cr 

buxif5Uum. B.M. Box-leaved. obov. cren. smth. tr&.red. 5. 6. 1704. H.|^. fMfVyi 

corymb6sum. w. corymbose. obi. smth. acut. wh. 6. 7. 1806. H.|^.aj 

crassifblium.A.rep. thick -leaved, ov. serr. rigid. red. 1787. F.|b. itjllilrai 

duni6tum. b.m. bushy. obov. obi. ent wh. 1774. H.Jfc. rmi. 

fuscitnm. b.r. duster-Bower'd.obl. acut. serr. smth. wKred, 1778. H.|^. ■ 

Ugustrinmn. w. privet-leaved, lane. serr. pubes. pitr.red. .... H.i^. — — 

myrtlAUiun. Myrtle-leaved, ov. shin. smth. pk. 1812. F.Jfc. ■»■ 

nitidnm. s.t. shining. obov.ellip.8err.smth. pk.red. 1794. F.|t. — 

ovitum. B.R. ovate-leaved, ov. serr. smth. shin. bh. 1827. H.|b. — 

Vitb Id'sa. B.B. Cow-berry. obov.revol.sub-tooth. car. Britain H.|^ _ 

CORRJE'A^CORRm'A. CaL A-toothed. Cor. qf I petdiy Acl^. Cape. A-ceOed^ Md A-uUttd. 

&lba. B.Rep. white. ov. hairy, ent. wh. A. 7. N. S.W. ITOt. O.Sb> 8mi§lmm 

poleb^Ua. B.R. pretty. opp. ov. obi. und. jilc.ll.S. N.HoU. 1824. G.|&. Mdptmt. 



OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. T7 

Syilcniitic Bagliik Form of CoLof Month Native Tr.of Soil and 

Name Name. LeavesyAc. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 



ipecite. B.Rcp. ahewy. mr. obi. scabr. rusty ben. red. 11.S. N.S.W. 1806. G.J^. €MiHng^$, 

ikeos. B.R. grecn-floweied. ov. obi. cord. gr» -^— • 1800, 0.|t. 

GNTDIA, GNTDIA. Cak parted. C^r./Mmna-Mhaped^limbA'C^fi. NiU a UHU drupaeeoua. 

Uwic&ta. L. imbricated. obi. silky. st. 4. 6. 1888. G.§^,Loamtfpeai, 

leflgjUa. Thonb. smooth. opp. smth. ovate. pa,ffel. O,^, etUtingt. 

OfipodtifdQa. B.M. opposite. ov. lane, pubes. yel. 5. 7. 178S. G.JS). 

jfci*^^« B.M. Pine-leaved. S-sided, mucr. wh. 5. 6. 1708. G.jjb* 

infoem. B.Rep. silky. opp. ov. obt. toment. ptL^th 5. 7. 1780. O.JJb. 

L. hairy. opp.deciis.ellip.ner.hairy. y. 1888. G.fb* 



PASSEMtTNA^PASSERTNA. CalO. Cor.4-clrft. Sty. thread-shaped, Nmtl,coaUd. 

gmABdnu B.M. great-flowered, obi. acat. concave. irA. 5. 0. C. B. S. 1780. O.Sb,Loamtfpeat. 

Mn6tB. w. hairy. ov. elUp. fleshy, hairy, yel, G.jjb- cuttinge. 

B.C. lax. ov. lane, scatt. ir^. 0. 7. 1804. G.jjb- 



LACHNJB'A^ LACHNJETA. Cal.0. Cor.^l^ft, FUam.etongated, unequal. Seed I. Berry4ike. 

L* clustered. tin. awl«sh.smth.imbric.trA. 0. 7. C. B. S. 1773. Q.3^.Loamtfpeai. 
:• purple. imbric. 3-sid. obt. smth. pur. 5. 7. 18S0. G.Jj^. cuttitigs. 



VCIGHIA,AKEE-TREE. Cat. S-parted. Car. t^f S petals. Style short. Stig.^. 

ii|liiit»a.K* Ash-leaved. in30r4pairS9Ov.lanc.vein.117. 7. 9. Africa. 1783. S.Sb. Sandy loam 

^peatcutt, 

DnCA, LEATHER-WOOD. Cal.O. Cor. funnel-shap. limb slightly dent. Ger.smth.l-ceHedfl-seed. 

frilMiL B.R. marsh. ellip. obi. ent vill. ben. yel. 8. 4. Virginia. 1750. H.jjb- Pitt* 9oil. 

layers, 

CALLU'NA^ LING. Cat. double^ each qf^/nnged leaves, Cor.bell-sh.^'cUfl. Caps, rf A cells JBf2wdfBes, 

frigirii. B.F1. common. opp. 8 spurs at the base. pk. 6. 8. Britain H.|b« Sandy peat. 

1. ilhn. white. wh. .... H.jjb* cuttings, or 

8. airmen* Jtesh-coloured. car. .... H.jjb* layers, 

m, eaceinen, scarlet. ................ sc. • ■ .... H.Jj^. ' 

4. daeimbans, decumbent. red. .... H.|^. 

i^JUre pUmo, double-ftower^g pk. .... H.|&. 

6. sfMita. spiked. red. .... H.5>. 

7. fMMMtte. tonuntose, red, .... H.l^ •— 

8L rarUgAta. variegated. red. .... H.|^. 

f. spfarU, spurious, red, .... H.l^. 

It. ntrea. golden-striped. pk. .... H.|&. 

U. pmatr^a. prostrate, ir*. -^— .... H.|^. 

^BRTCAf HEATH, Cal.<if4perman,leav, Cor.qfXlerf^X-cUf* Caps,qfAceUsSfAvalv.withnum,seeds, 

■hintliflides, h.k. wormwood-like. 4,ciliat.Sty.ezcl.Anth.hicl. p.ir^.glob. 3. 6. C. B. S. 1798. G.|^. 

aetK^ H.B.W. duster-leaved. S,inawhorismth.Sty.e%cl.An.Ltc.beU-sh. 5. 6. 1888. Q.^, 

sefcla.A.H. acute-leaved. 4, smth.Sty.Ac Anth.ind. r«d.ov.vent. ft. 7. 1799. Q,^, 

* The sofl best adapted for the growth of this beautifnl tribe of plants, is a black sandy peat, taken 
fimthe snrfoce of a common, where the Calluna vulgaris, or Ling, is growing spontaneously; and if 
lot natnrany of a sandy texture, it should be rendered so, by the incorporation of a portion of sharp pit 
■ad. AO Uie spedm of the genus Erica, (with very few exceptions,) are readily increased by cuttings 
if the joaag wood. These should be taken off, when the shoots appear rather of a firm texture ; and a 



W OCTAVDRIA M0N06THIA. 



l«a»e* la a «1wcl. ml FWver. «r II. €aHBT. latrid. 



imr tf i)fct<i > ll.g.w>ii^agf€ft<e^4, 4,tllL Affc . i a ri .Sty.eicL fmrj ni if tk S,a. 181«. O^ 

Altai* w.iu wUte. $/tk.>-fid^tyAArth,iiici. «L|bb. I. C 

■ l< iy>i giir ai d < t >ii^, F4wH4ill'ttU. f-4yciiiLSty A Antli.CTri. ptrjnAjm. S. ft. 

■ M >|Hili<i g <Mi, w,«« AMl^Avw«f^d« Vidk>fri»^ty.CTd. AnCJac. ribak-A. C ft. 

ii i l»y Mtt ii ffa^4dw ,ii>g,w nw y ii t hi ,^1, 4/:ili«t>gty.eKcLA ■th.inH .r^.yiJMk^ A. 5. 7. 

MMf'lM. !!*«• (iuilktfffy . 4^ vUL 8tj. i^ Aatli. IdcL ^v.beIl-A. S. 7. 

NOilrvMiiiidwIl^ri^v^if .AndrofBcdft'fl.tyinth^wt-fb.Sty^AntliJ^ pk^^eb. S. C 

/I. f Afrr«* fid'/Umiring • rcd^lob. 

4r4«i»i. Nili* lUry rml. t^ tmUi. Sty. it Anth. IncL rctf-glob. 4. 6. 

Hrl»6iimlii, N.c;* IUll« Utm. 4, tnith. Sty. exd. Anth. incL fJU>T. 4. 8. 

ArtlmriAiia. a*n. Ludy Arclurr'M. ll^rr.cUiat.Aotli.iiicl.Sty.esd. r«4.tiib.8.11. 

«rUl4iN. A.H, HWiMnl. 4-5yreflex.Sty.&Anth.lDcL pur.red.tab. S. 8. 

ArUl^lliit M.M. W* flUttMlffr-ftWiMsd. t, cUUt. faty. it Anth. ind. red.piir.tab. 0. 7. 

nrliArMi. |l»i»w« IriMt. t,Mtitb.Sty.exd.ADth.iDd. t0A.|>dl-fh. 2. 0. S.Earop. 1898. HJk 

!• flfiMirrdMi. iMiy. f0A.bdl-fh. 

8i #lytoM, ht^g'iiylid, vA. 



1788. 


e.*. 


1788. 


e«. 


181S. 


o^ 


1788. 


B^ 


1888. 


e«. 


1789. 


1 


1888. 


B4t» 


— 


04». 


1888. 


e.*.'' 


1818. 


o*. 


1796. 


o^ 


1881. 


Q^ 


1888. 


O^ 



«r||#ulltlArH. A.Mf ftUvary'rtciwur'U.O^iiitb.Mty.exd.Anth.liid. vA.cyl. 4. 6. C. B. S. 1818. B^' 

lirllfiiUArU. N.M. w. NrtUmliilit. n, ■mth. Hty, it Anth. ezd. rfd.bell-sh. B^ * 

ArliutitlArN.N.M.w.ArliiMut AmwM. 9, imth. Hty.& Anth. ind. irA.glob. 1774. O.^ 

Ir(/I*ni, A.M. '* ' 

MMi^rgfiiMi NfM.Wf MMurgtint. 9, vlll. Hty. it Anth. ind. ir&.bell-sh. 5. 8. 1818. 0.ft. 

(U|Nini« M.8iW. niuiiti l«Mivit(l. 4,|irlolily,8ty.4( Anth.ind. yel.obl. 5. 6. 1808. OJfr. 

NAr«ui, 4.N. nuUWn noivttr'(l.(t,Miiith.Hty.exd.Anth.ind. ye/.cyl. 7. 0. 1788. O.^. 

NlMinUii. 4iNi H|Niiil«ti. 4|iiiilh.Mty.exd.Anth.lnd. red.bdl-sh. 4. 7. Spain. 1788. B^t* 

UimmIAiiIii, A.N. (*uiiu.llNiMl(iiiV9,iiiitti.Mty.«xd^nth.ind. 6&.tab. 5. 8. C. B. S. 1818. B^ 

liAtHHiHi* A«Ni buiry-UKit. 4, Mnth. Hty. 4c Anth. ind. r€d.|nir.glob. 4. 7. 1774. 0.^. 

HAMkiki. A.H. Nil J. lUiiKtV 9, Miith. Sty. 4: Anth. exd. ^.yeLcyl. 2. 7. 1787. BJt* 

<M^, •♦•*<!# ./tiMiH»r*d •cA.cyl.2.5. OJt. 

IniI'IiA(«. A.M. liimHtml. 4|Vlll.Sty.i^xd.Au.iiub*ind.ir.y.pitch.-8h. ft. 8. 1788. O.^. 

fk mt^w% kirg¥ ^#i4»H/r«l. ic,rfd.pltdi.-sh. — OJt. 

HtMmiu<mtUiA.M, Mr«.llmiuiiMMt*».|,anith«Ht>Mt«d. Anth.ind. jil:.«rA.|[lob. 6. 8. 1888. O.^' ' 

H^liMaU«ui.U. IHmi. MiiKt»4it' ll»ill\9,dUMt,Hty .i4ib*«\cl.Anth.ind. p.irA.cyl. 4. 9. 1808. O.^ 

|i«iiM''«« aMiMrKh A«M« 



«mmUI |p«M«iMi «a' iIm» li»w«>r v'ImI »hmiM Ih> \Hiivt\UI> 4ivt«l«4 of the lc«v««« so at not toii^inre the 
\fehM^ iMtal ho vWoumI ^ thi" K»Hi%is m mn^h In^lh m mt^ a|i^<«r n«c««tanr, to inert the catting In tl« 
«iitt» vi* * MMiic^tml av|»lh M^> tW kl» it«^l\ 8\miv. t^he |h4» UileMka for the cntthigSy ibooM be pifH 
^OMM^ Ip w ifiAWil^ aaul tliM W \fctrta^ a \vonl» gl hH^h»> v>l' the rtm^ with the dwinagf ; and have a Iqrer 
«Mt iW nhiiM* yiMia ^M' ihv wtX ykttk^ vwi the htvhvM civ^'ks which «li prevent the Mad, w h ei ew lll i 
tho nMMiMMif av«kMr in tUM wy^ iVv«m ho4iNi \fcaiheU a«r«^v ; mtd \ibUI« alH\ atfued n on ri shm en t to ma^y of 
^ !aNyig fiMai nui ^itt po«Mt«io Ihtvi^h the «aod. ^^hwr^ |4l moJ b the sort mitable for foeft* 
tnant iho paipOiaiiiMi which^ hiMiv^v«v ihiw^ 

aaiMw* thn fif^^Ht ^KiHingi mm nvH^tev w ho ^^^rvU >allh |;hM«if«» and plncod where they can hn 
"^^M i^^MB lihi «dh«o»«Hf iho nOa^dvci !«M«k »^ thiihot yoHkolaia of aiiiifiMiit, dec tee the 



OCTANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 



79 



Baglifh 
Name. 



No. of 
Letves In a whorl. 



CoLAFonn Month Nativa 
ofnower. ofFl. Country. 



4y cUiat. Sty. & Antfa. incL red,g\oh. 4. 8. C. B. S. 



BeigUnft. B.C. Bergiiii'8. 

fmadryUrtL a.h. 
tfeolor. A*H. two-^oloiired. 4,yIU> Sty. exd.Antli.liid. red.gr, cyX. 8. 3. 

MiffiL H.B.W. two-flowered. 2,8mtli.Sty.exd.Antli.iiid. tc^beU-ah. 5. 8. 
Wnda. A.fl. diarming. 6,ioitb.Sty.exd.ADth.iiid. pfc.tab. 4. 0. 

BhBdfi>rdUinLB.M.D.ofMariboro'a.4,8mth.Sty.iab-exd.Antliiiid« jfeLgloh. S. 6. 

Ifai'iiik B.B.W. i^omente. 4, vill. Sty. d? Anth. exd. vAubeU-sh. 

red-flawerimg -— ^ 

,B.M. BoDpland'a. 4, smth. Sty. St Anth. ind. or.glob. 

4,gUia.8iDth.Sty.&ADth.iDd. ii7^.tub.obl. 8. 9. 



0rik«. 



3y vill. Sty. Sc Anth. ezd. jmr.red.glob. 4. 7. 
8,inith.Sty.ezd.Anth.hid. pur.red, 5. 7. 

•••••• •... 

pur.red, 5. 0. 
4ynearl.8mth.Sty.exc.Ant.ind.f0.beU-8h. 8.10. 



Bowttuu B.C. Bowie's. 

Bmurim, A.H. 
kfvttdef. A.H. Bninia-like. 
Bitiidley4iia.A.H. Broadley's. 
hratitiMia. short-Ieayed. 7, smth. 

u B.M. Trampet-fl'd. 3,smth.Sty.exd«Anth.ind. 
dfti. B.C. Caffrean. 

apike-JUneerimg, 
Wend. H. calloos. 3y8mth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. red.beU-8h. — — 

oljfdaB. ii«B.w. calydne. 8ySmth.Sty.exd.Anthand.pvr.r.ov.vent. 6. 0. 

large'Jlowerimg p.rtfd.ov.¥ent. 

IB.U.K. bell-flowering. 3, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. yfM)eU-sh. 4. 8. 
B.K. diannelled. 8/mth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. pur.bdl-sh. 8. 2. 
H.E.W. canescent. 4, tUL Sty. & Anth. exd. re.or.dub-sh. 5. 8. 
■SB trisa/f Jhfl/ff. a.h. 

A.H. downy-headed. 3,vill.Sty.8ub-exd.Anth.ind.y#/.^.g]ob. 8. 7. 
B.C. keded. 5,8mth.Sty.8ub-exd.Anth.ind. r«d.cyl. 6. 0. 

flesh-colonred. 4, smth. Stig.& Anth. exd. car.ov.obl. 1. 8. German. 
herbaeeauM, 

8,smth.Sty.sub-ex J^th.incp.red.O¥.obl. 6. 8. C. B. S. 

Sysmth. Sty. & Anth.exd. w.bell-sh. _ 

8, Sty. exd. Anth. ind. r.par.beU-sh. 4. 7. 

6-6,pabe8.Sty.&Anth.ind. r«d.obl. 5. 9. 

rtfd.obl. 

red.obl. 

rf d.obl. 

3-4^th.Sty.&Anth.ind. p.rAf.glob.O¥. 8.12. 




Yr.pf 




Introd. 




1787. 


G.|b. 


1790. 


G.». 


1820. 


G.|^. 


1800. 


o.ab. 


180S. 


G.|^. 


.... 


G.^. 




G.|&. 


1816. 


G.|^. 




G.|^. 


1790. 


o.i^. 


1810. 


Q.Sb. 


.... 


G.|&. 


1810. 


G.|^. 


1774. 


Q.i. 




G.|b. 


1799. 


G.|b. 




O.S,. 


1791. 


o.ab. 


1799. 


G.|&. 




G.». 


1774. 


G.3). 


1800. 


G.|b. 


1768. 


H.|&. 



p&ttrwmcttu 
dnMla.H.B.w. flesh-tinged, 
oe'da. Wend. H. grey. 
A.H. Cels's. 
B.M. Honeywort. 
Ua-ge, 

dwtttf, 
droc^ing. 



1816. G.|b. 



L 

2. 
8. 



I. Mm. 



ciliated-leaved. 3, dliate.Sty.&Anth.ind. p.red.beU-sh. 5. 8. 

dilated. 3,ciliatSty.exd.Anth.ind. pJIf.ovate. 7. 9. Britain. 

fine-leaved. 8y8mth.Sty.excl.Anth.ind. pur.oy, 6. 9. 

whiit'Jlowered, wh, — ^ 



1820. 
1774. 
1800. 



1791. 
1880. 



2. Mir w pw r pk na, dark-pwrple, 
S.rftAf«. red. 



d.jmr.ov. — ^ — 
red.ov. 



B.B.W. Cistns-leaved. 4, dllat Sty.de Anth. excl. vJk.bell-sh. ff. 8. C. B. S, 

JvMte. P MlSffT. A.H. 

dHcAdia. B.K. dob-flowered. 4-5ySmth.Sty.excLAnthancL ^.dab-sh. 8.10. ■■ 
mmUyUnu a.h. bob l. 

4HilB.A.B. dnbbed. 3, smth. Sty. & Anth. exd. ^.dub-sh. 

QHMUiHLB.B. w.L.de CKfford'8.4y smth. Sty. & Anth. md. tc&.tab. 4. 5. 

A.B. scariet. 6yinc.8mth.Sty.excLAnt.sab-exd. $c,cy\, 1.12. 

B.S.W. changing'cd'd. 4,vill.Sty.8ab-excJUit.incl. tr.re.dab3h. 1. 6. ■ ■■- 

B.K. tnfted. 4, smth. Sty. & Anth. incl. re.tc.of .vent. 4. 8. 

l.lli«. wkiU'JUnpering , tr^.ov.vent. 

1 rft^fB. red-JUwerinr red.of .vent 



1799. 



1812. 

1788. 
1812. 
1787. 

1787. 



G.». 
G.*. 
G.|b. 
G.g>. 
G.». 
G.|^. 
G.|^. 
H.|t. 
H.». 
H.». 
H.g>. 

G.J^. 

G.». 

G.». 
G.|t. 
G.|^. 
G.|b. 
G.g>. 
G.|^. 
G.Jb. 



80 OCTANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 




No. of CoLiiVotm MMtt Ifttltc Yf jat 

•taDc Leaves In & wborl. of Flower. 9l FL CooMry. t1i»< 



1 

i 



.wAt-flowered. t, imth. Sty. & Antfa. ind. rMCv.beIl-A.4.a. C.B.S. Ittl. 04^ 

■.M^NortluuDp.ty fmth. Sty. & Anth. incl. r^.pitdi-sh. IflM. O^ 

coDcaTe. ty smth. Sty. ic Aotb. exd. ^■r.befl-ih. S. S. IMS. 0.|k* 

cnmded'flow'd.4, smth. Sty. & Anth. exd. tdk.gloli. 1A.1. IMS. G4|^ 

eonicaL 5,8rath.Sty.SDb-eid.Anth.iiid.r«.bdl-sh. 5. ft. IMO. 0.|k* 

daster-flower'd.5ydliatSty.ezd.Antfa.iod. ir&.bdlHh. 1811. GJki 

blnih« Clearly smth.Sty.&Anth.exd. MxyLT.lt. 177S. G^ 

V.K.w.CMHtuit-flow'd.t, smth. Sty. & Anth. exd. t0^.beU-sh. ff. ft. Iftlt. O.^ 

coBtpicoons. 4, smth. Sty. & Anth. exd. yelxhib-sh« 17r4» 04lk 

beart^lesTed. S, ciliat Sty. A Anth. exd. f9Jk.beQ-sh. 4. 7. 1799. G^ 

A^m eoronate-fl'd. 8ySmth.obt.Sty.&Anth.ind. f«d.|T.cyL 4. S. 1787. OJ^ 

i« U.K. rmdii/Ura, l.t. 

eorfis-leaved. 4, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. wHmw, S. 5. IftU. 0Jk 

A^. libbed-flower'd.SySmth.Sty.sob-exd.Anth.ind.ff.fr.tab. S. ft. 1708. OiJ^ 

^Wfrrifc fvffr&. M.tnb. 4. 5. 1880. G4lk 

CiPintfrjJMi Bx. Lad.Coventry's.4^early srath.Sty.&Anth.ind. rM.tab. 5. 8. 1886. O^ 

BJC. long-haired. S-4yhairy.Sty.&Anth.ind. ptarjredjcyL 18M* OJ^ 

AM. bloody-flower'd.S^th.Sty.exd.Anth.snb-exd. rnLtab. 9. 8. 1774. 

A.M. cross-like. 4ySmth.Sty.& Anth. ind. yfi.jar-sh. 8. 7. — — 1888. 

▲«M. thick-teaved. 3ySmth.glaa.Sty.sob<-ex.Aninc.r».bel-sh. 5. 8. 1818. 

A-N. cnt>e-flowered. 4-5,smth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. re.bell-sh. 4. 7. 1708* 04^ 

Utser, red.beU-sh. - — ^ 

Lee. Coshin's. •^smth.Sty.exd.Anthand. jOc.beU-sh. 7.18. 181ft. 

«arnfl6nL am, eonre-flowered. 4, smth. Sty. Sc Anth. exd. yelxyU — — 1774. 

1. mmrSaifm^ 9rmmg§, or.cyl. — 

1. riikr^, red. r«/.cyl. " ' — 

tw§mm4m, si^g. w.Cypress-like. 4, smth. Sty. Sc Anth. ind. ji.red.glob. 4. 8. ■ 1888. 

Ciytedfiea. «.E,w. eylindrical-6'd. 4,pubes.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. par.red.cyl. 8. 5. 181ft. 

a.c. Dafrfine-flow'd. 4, smth. Sty. Si Anth. ind. M.ov.acate. 4. 5. 1781. 041k 

BX, Dapline-lilLe. 4^th.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. rM.OT.vent. — 04K 

40Mn. AM. graeefoL 8, smth. Sty. /(c Anth. ind. rcd.beil-sh. 11.1. 1788. 04k* 

^o cTh a rtO L n.g.w. dedinate. 4^mth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. p«r.beUsh.0.18. 1888L 04k 

fts^Uisa. II.S.W. deftex-flower'd. 8^mth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. tr&.beD-sh. 5. 8. 1811. 0.^ 

.«.w, dwarf. 8, smth. Sty. & Anth. exd. ^.sff/.cyl. 1818. 0A» 

AM* dense. 8, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. bh,cyl. 0.^ 

»>*h U i.g,g.w.tooth«cnpped. 4ySmth.Sty.exd.Anth.inc1. yfi.v^glob. 8. 8. 1811. 

curttilf. wmsk'teeuted, yef .irA.gk)b. 

AM* deprcMed. 4^th.Sty.exd.Anth.incL y€<.cyl. 8. 8L 178ft. 

a.c.Mr.Dickenson's.SySmth. Sty. Sc Anth. ind. jfel. cyl. 8. 5. Iftlft. G4lk 

AM. discdoared. 8ySmth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. M.cytl8.8. 178ft» 0^* -j 

4U4ir^i(a«,ii.c,w. varioas-growing.3,8mth.slen.Sty.sul>-ex.Ant.ln.«r.beU-sh.4. 6. 1888. 0#i \ 



( 






i^ ^m ^^ 4m. AM, Sandew-Uke. alt.fill.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. jiar.glob. 7.10. IMl. 

Mn-zAiak. LadyDooglass's.4-5,smth.Sty.& Anth. ind. cur.cyl. 8. 7. 1888. 



4j>iM^A03t. AM. Ecbiam-flow'd. 5-6,smth.Sty.exdJlnth.ind. red.tub. 1. 7. 1788. 041k 

$ 0^^0A. rmrpU. par.tob. 1811. 04k 

* 0^fU. mperk. jc.tnb, — — 1888. 04k 

* B. tali. 4-5, smth. Sty. dc Anth. exd. fW.tnb. 7. 0. 1788. Q^ 

• «. Hrgaat. 8ySmth.Sty.Ae Anth. ind. pJc. vent. 11.8. 178ft. 04k 

* m m ^ i%ia ». AM. Iniry-cupped. 8,smth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. wA-beU-sh. 8.10. 188ft. B^ 

M«^KC«4ilt»^ m.n. crowberry-1'd. 7, pUos. Sty. exd. Anth. ind. rwT. ov. 4. 7. in4. 0^ 

* H^ta^iMbw. 4.IS. cnmberry-l'd. 8, pab. Sty. exd. Anth. ind. pJc. ot.5. 8.— 1788. 0.^ 



OCTANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 

E*ffHvta No. of Col^&Fonn lloath 

'**nw NaoM. Leavei in & whorL of Flower. ofFl. 

B.& ipoot-flowerecL 4, smth. Sty. Sc Anth. incl. yel. obi. 5. 8. 

etabteeiM. A.H. reddish-flow'd. 4, viU. Sty. excl. Aoth. iucl. bh. cylZ.S. 

oiK^plnia. B.C. wooDy-headed. SyTilL Sty. See. ezd. pik.tt^ov.glob. 0. 8. 
fcerbm. H.K. Ewer's. t,8nith. Sty. excl. AB.iBcl. re.^.clnb-8h. 7.11. 

ImgUkrm. tmootk-Uwtd, re.^.club-8h. 

%piUm, pihse-Umed rtf.f.club-flh. 

BX. cboioe. t^cU. Sty.&AnthaDcl. pik.fr.obl. S. 9. 

i«c. exserted. SySmtb.Sty.&ADth. excl. v&.beU-«h. 

A.H. qu^Ter-fomed. 4,1111th. Sty .excl.Antb.ind. or.re.cyl.1.12. 

figrmmdyi&rm, kargt-JUwered, or.r^.cyl. 

B.C. penpirkig. 4,viU. Sty.&Anth.exd. pfc. obi. 8.10. 

expanded. S-4y smth. Sty.&Anth.exd. «c. 8. 0. 

B.C. • exposed. 4, tUI. Sty.exd. Anth.ind. |m.re.cyl. 8. 0. 

ft i i%ft i tB . n.B.w. crowded-flow'd. 4y smth. Sty. Sc Anth.ind* blh. vent. 8. 7. 

A.H. nisty. 4, pilose. Sty. ^Anth.ind. ftM.tob. 5. 7. 

botton-flow'r'd. 4, smth. Sty. exd. Anth. ind. re. glob. 5. 6. 

I.X. long-pedanded.6, smth. Sty .exd. Anth.ind. rf.bell-sh. 1.12. 

filiform. 8, Till. Sty.&Antb.incl. red. 2.5. 

A.H. ftinged. SyCdg.dlia. Sty.&Antli.ind. re. glob. 3. 7. 

Ifcen. flaccid. %, yill. Sty. exd. Anth. hid. wh. glob. 7.11. 

A.H. 

A.H. whipcord-Uke. 8, smth. Sty. & Anth. incl. re, vent. 

yellow. 8, smth. Sty.excL Anth.snb<^xd. ye .ov. 9. 4. 

flame-cdoored. 4, smth. Sty.5eAnth.exd. ye. tab. 10.5. 

[.K. crooked-stalk. 4yCUia.Sty.sab-exd.An.ind. red. ov. 5.1. 
A^H, me aliarum, 

flexuose. 8, smth. Sty.&Anth.excl. trA.bell-sh. 4. 7. 

r. florid. 4yViU. Sty.&Anth.incl. |w.bell-sh. 5. 8. 

fitmmMkL, mtuk-teenied, 

.many-flowered. 8,smth. Sty.exd. Anth.ind. /t/.bell-sh.ll.3. 
foUaoeoQS. 4, smth. Sty.&Anth.ind. yeLcy\, 6. 7. • 

[.K. yellow-pencill'd.8, smth. Sty.&Anth.excl. ye/.dub-sh. 2. 7. 

A.M. 

H.B.W. shewy. 7-8, smth. Sty.&Anth.cxcl. red.cyl. 3. 8. ■ 

VUkm, white^fiowervng. icA.cyl. ■ 

red'fl^wtringt red.cyl. ■ 

fragrant. 8, smth. Sty.&Anth.exd. {i{.bell-8h. 3. 7. - 

H.K. cohunnar-threaded. 8, smth. Sty.&Anth.exc1. red.tab. 8.12. - 
wmtmiiipktu a-h. 

green-vertlciUate. 4-6, smth. Sty .& Anth.ind. ^.cyl. 4. 7. - 

B.M. jewd-like. 4-5, pabes. Sty.&Anth. pa.re d.cyl. 7.10. - 

A.H. f^omerate-fl'g. 8, smth. Sty. exd. Anth.ind. /ti.bell-sh. 7. 9. - 

A.H. globose. 8, smth. Sty .& Anth.ind. red.glob. 

!•■• glancoas-leav'd. 8, glaa.sm. Sty.&An.inc. ptt.ven.cone-8h. 5. 8. - 

l>achs.of Bedfbrd's.8,smth. Sty.&Anth.ind. ir^. glob. 

r.K. slender. 4,smth. Sty.&Anth.ind. red.glob. 2. 6. - 

A.H. large-flower'd. 4, smth. Sty.&Anth.exd. ye/.or.cyl. 5. 9. - 

L iawllii. dwarf. yel.or.cy]. 

%mifMm. nferb. yW.or.cyl. 

B.C. hailstone-like. 8, smth. Sty.&Anth.ind. trA.glob. 

A.B. bladder-flow'd. 8, smth. Sty.&Anth.ind. tr&.ye^vent. 5. 8. - 
HartnelPs. 4, pubcs. Sty.& Anth.ind. re(/.pfir.cy1. 5. 6. - 

M 



8i 



Native Yr.of 
Country. lutrod. 



C.B.S. 1800. O.l^. 

— G.*. 

1816. O.Jfr. 

1793. 0.^. 

G.J&. 

O.*. 




1811. O.^ 
1820. O.^. 
1792. G.|^. 



1810. 
1811. 
1820. 
1792. 
1798. 
1812. 
1800. 

• • • • 

1800. 
1810. 



0.». 
G.». 

G.Jb. 
G.g>. 
G.I&. 



1812. O.Sb' 

1793. O.^ 
1798. G.I&. 
1800. G.^. 

1792. G.f>. 

1803. G.f>. 

1800. 0.§^. 

1822. G.fi. 

1794. G.f. 

1795. G.J^. 

G.jfc. 

G.S.. 

1803. G.g^. 

1789. G.J^. 



1790. 
1802. 
1812. 
1789. 
1792. 
1830. 
1794. 
1775. 



1820. 
1780. 
1826. 



G.|b. 

G.lb. 
G.lb. 

G.g». 
G.S». 
G.|&. 
G.J^. 
G.J^. 
G.^. 
G.^. 
G.^. 
G.g-. 
G*. 




iTJti 






i !t 


•_ 1_ 


% 1 


X T 


l^L 


m ^ 


ii Y 


*_ i_ 


i_ 11 


*_ «_ 


1 5_ 




I <_ 


%_ * 


l_ 1 


♦ 5^ 




^ . 


T 1« 






5_*_ 


I T 


T !•_ 





II 
II 



li^p* I 
181& f 

•• •• " 

• ••• "^ 

IflfcCiJ 

— •! 

— •! 

M 



4.SBCL Sen A %igt><agL 




OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



83 



Syttcnailc 
Name. 



BsfUita 
Name. 



No. of 
Leaves in a whorl. 



ColAFonn Month Native Yr.of 
of Flower, of Fl. Country. Introd. 

2iZ.ben-8h. 6. 8. C. B. S. 1803. 



■Klaiitli^nL B.C. dark-anthered. S, smth. Sty.&Anth.excl. 
iMttstoma. A.H. black-mouthed. 3, ciliat Sty.&Anth.excl. 
■eltffera. H.S.W. honey-bearing. 8, smth. Sty.&Anth.exd. 
■ et nU g fl6f a. h.k. iiine-pin-flow'd.4-5y8mth. Sty.&Anth.hicl. 

fi Uc^Ur, two-^oUmred, 

■imtsfldra. A«H.minDte-flower'd.4,8mth. Sty.excLAnth.incl. piir.bell-sh. 6. 7. 
■iiibilSa. A.H. admirable. 4,8mth. Sty.&Anth.incl. ro«.wh.vent. 3. 8. 



ye/.cone-sh. 4. 7. 
pMr.bell-sh. — 
rtfd.obl.tub. 6. 8. 



1705. 
1816. 
1798. 

1823. 



&/^.glob. 

pur. glob. 4.10. — 
trA.p.cyl. 6. 7. — 

irA.obl. 4. 0. — 



MMiLH.K. 

B.K.W. 
L.T. 



A.H. 
H.K. 

B.C. 
A.H. 
A.H. 
B.C. 
A.H. 
A.H. 
B.C. 

li|^1lkA.H. black-tipped. 3, smth. Sty.&Anth.excl. trA.bell-8h. 3. 7. 

glossy. 8, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. tr/i.glob. 7.10. 

garnished. 4,piIo. Sty.excl. An.incl. pii.gr.club-sh. 6. 9. 

Nif en's. 8, ciliat. Sty.&Anth.exc1. r<;d.cyl. 2. 7. 

white-flowered. 3, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. ti7^.bell-8h. 5. 9. 
bell-shaped. 8, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. ir^.bell-8h. 2. 5. 
naked-flowered.8, ciliat. Sty.&Anth.exc1. red.ov.cyl. 7. 8. 

Mmoolh, rtfd.ov.cyl. 

hairy. red.0T.cyl. 

bottle-shaped. 4, pilo. Sty.excl. An.incl. re.ir.glo.fent. 4. 7. 

wmbel'floufd, re.ir.glo.vent. 

ob1ong-flower'd.4,vill. Sty .& Anth.incl. red.pttr.obl. 

oblique-leaved. 4,8mth. Sty.&Anth.inc1. pur. glob. 8.10. 

obtuse-leaved. 3, smth. Sty.& Anth.incl. pfc.bell-sh. 5. 8. 
odorate. 4, clammy. Sty.excl. An.incl. w^beU-sh. 4. 7. • 

close-mouthed. 4, smth. Sty.& Anth.incl. p.re.ov.glob. • 

'• Onosma-flow'd. 6, smth. Sty.snb-ex. Anancl. 3feZ.cyl. 9. 5. • 

fhrftBdw. A.H. 

•pfodtllSfia. A.H. opposite. 2, smth. Sty.&Anth.incI. tr^.pitcher-8h. 3. 5. - 

XHAnu 

B.C. 
B.C. 
A.H. 

friiitria. A.H. 

B.C. 



1816. 
1789. 

1787. 
1816. 
1805. 
1787. 
1800. 
1812. 



■adtei. H.B.w. modest. 4, vill. Sty.&Anth.incl. 

aAia. a.b. soft. 4, vill. Sty.&Anth.incl. 

iMBadflpha. B.ii. monadelphous. 8ysmth. Sty.&Anth.excl. 
B4sAcM /Sparp^eo. a.h. 

ICooi6iibe. B.M. Lady Monson's. 8, smth. Sty .sub-ex. An.incl. 

mountain. 8, smth. Sty .& Anth.incl ]rA.bell-8h. 

musky. 3, whitish. Sty.excl. An.incl. pAE.bell-sh. 5. 7. — 

mucous. 4y smth. Sty.&Anth.incl. pu.red.glob. 2. 4. — 

mucous-like. 3-4^mth. Sty.&Anth.ind. pur.glob. 3. 4. — 
mucronate. 8, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. car.bell-sh. 4. 8. — 
many-flowered. 4, smth. Sty.&Anth-excl. p.re.bell-sh. 6.11. France. 1731. 
neat. 4, vill. Sty.&Anth.inc1. pfc.vent. 3. 8. C. B. S. 1816. 

musk. 4y smth. Sty .&Anth.incl. s/.yef.vent. 1790. 

changeable. 8-4, ciliat Sty.&Anth.excl. red.tub. 2.10. 1798. 

nest-like-flow'g.4, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. trft.bell-sh. 5. 8. 1816. 

1790. 

1800. 

1810. 

1799. 

1816. 



I. irtffc^ 

2. Mrfwtf* 

MitB. A.H. 

^■M^tffldfa. 



A.H. 
B.C. 
A.H. 



whUe-flowered wh. 



red'Jhwered, 

ovate. 

purple. 

pale. 

marsh. 

panided. 



red. 



A, vill. Sty.&Anth.incl. pttr.ov. 2. 5. — 

5-6, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. p/c.cyl. 6.11. — 
8, vill. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. itk,yel, 8. 8. — 
4, pub. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. 6IA.bell-8h. 5.10. — . 
3, smth. Sty.&Anth.incl. pvr.ov.vent. 2. 8.. ~ 
thnBcndera. b.c. Parmentier's. 4, smth. Sty.excl* Anth. p«.re.ov.cyl. 5. 8. — 

B ritea, rose-coloured ro«.ov.cyl. — -~ — 

pviifldnu L.T. small*fl'd.-down.8y vill. Sty.&Anth.incl. p.red.bell-sh. 3. 0. — 
prttei. A.B. spreading. 3,cil. Sty.excel. An. sub-ex. ptt.bell-sh. 3. 6. — 

M2 



1783. 



1796. 



1789. 
1816. 
1804. 
1812. 
1789. 

1804. 



1791. 
1820. 
1812. 
1799. 
1774. 
1816. 

1790. 
1800. 



o.». 

G.*. 

G.|b. 
G.i). 
G.|^. 

G.*. 

G.g>. 

G.Jb. 
G.g>. 

G.i^. 

G.it. 
G.|^. 

G.Jb. 
G.S». 

G.Jb. 

G.Jb. 
G.|b. 
G.lt. 

G.Jb. 
G.^. 
G.ib. 

G.|^. 
G.S". 
G.Jb. 
G.lb. 
G.S^. 

G.f^. 
G.i). 
G.|&. 

G.lb. 
G.|^. 

G.J&. 
G.J&. 
G.^. 
G.^ 

G.^. 



84 OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

SjriiteiiiaUc Enflish No. of Col^&Fonn MoMk Native Yr. of 

Name. Name. Leaves in a whorl. of Flower. ofFI. Conotr/. latrad. 

Paten6ni. H.K. Patenon's. 4y8mth. Sty.8ub-excL AnJiu^. y«.cyl. t. 8. C. B. S. If 91* 0«fr 

P wt^or, large, 

Patenoiiiaeoide8.H.E. w.PatenoDia-4k.5-d, smth. Sty .ex. Aii.iiid.«r.red.cyl. 4. 8. *1800« 04l^ 

Paten&nia eocdnea, a.r. 

pednncoUta. A.H.peduDcled. 4, pilose. 8ty.&Anth.incl. re<l.beU«6li. 6. 9. — — — -^^ j&Jk 

peilActda. a.h. pellucid. 4, hairy. Sty.&Antfa.iDol. idLtab. 10.6. — ^ ^4b* 

erkbra. red. 180C. BJk. 

pdtata. A.H. peltate-stigm'd. 8,8mth. Sty.&Aoth.esd. pN.|T*beU-8h. 4. 8. 1884. A#» 

p^ndula. B.C. pendulous. 4, smth. Sty.&ADth.iiicL |mr.OT.glob. 7. 8. ■ ITU* jQsJk 

peniciUita. a.h. pencilled. 8, smth. Sty.&Anth.excI. pur.cone-sh. 4. 7. 17f4L ^4b* 

persoliitB. B.M. gariand. 4,8mth. SCyJ^Anth.incl. red.bell-sh. 2. 5. — — — 04^ \ 

MbtL white-flowered, 

perULta. B.K.W. fnlt-flowered. 4ySinth.Sty. &Anth.excl. piir.r«d.g!ob. S. 8. — — « 181iL O^ 

perspfcoa. h.k. clear-flowered. 8,?ill. Sty.8nb-excl. Antfa.incl. ir&.cyl. 8. 6. 17M. AJ|» 

$ nAna, dwarf, j 

penipicnofdes.H.B.w.perspicna-lik.4y vill. Sty. 6c Anth. ind. p.red.cyl. 5. 6. 1808. Q^ 1 

petiol&ta. A.H. rosemary-leav'd.8y smth. Sty. Sc Anth. excl. tr&.bell-sh. 8. 7. 1774. Q^ ■ 

Petiveriina. h.k. Petiver's. 8, smth. Sty. Sc Anth. exd. yW.dub-sh. — > — — ^B^ 

P tmrinHa,A,H. orange-fl^d, \ 

Periza. B.C. wooUy-flower^d. 8, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. irA.glob. 5. 8. .... 641k I 

nivAli$, A.H. ^ 

phylicoides. w. Phytica-like. 8,smth.Sty.&Anth. Ind. w.pitcher-sh. 4. 7. 1808. 0J|b 

pliys6de8. H.K. bird-lime. 4, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. vJ^ov.glob. 8. 7. 1788. OiJ^ 

pfcta. B.C. painted. 4, vill. Sty. & Anth. exd. t04.yf/.cyl. 1808. OJk 

pOdsa. B.C. pilose. 8-4ypilose.Sty.&Anth.exd.fr.y«.beU-sh. . ..— 04k 

plhiliris. B.C. pill-flowered. 8, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. trA.glob. 8. 5. 1818. 04lk 

pinea. s.s. Pine-like. 0^mth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. tpJk.cyl. 4. 5. 1788. ^-ft* ' 

l,favoide8, honeycamb-Hke, pa.red.cyl. ~ 1888. 04ft>» 

8. |mrp6mi.L.c. purpU-flower'd picr.cyl. ■ I8881 0^ 

t.yMkkiUa, pretttf, red.cyl. 188ib Owjk 

pfailfi^Ua. A.H. Pine. 8^^b>pubes.Sty.exd.Auth.ind. ir.cyl. 6.18. -^ — — -^ 04^ 

1. coccinen, KarUt-flawef^d «;.cyl. -~ Chftb 

8. dlfcoior. two-eolowed, . • • • red,wh,cy\, ■ 1888. 0«At 

8. apir6li*. spiral'Uav€d, ir&.ptir.cyl. — ■ - ■ — — . 04ft>» 

planifMia. A.H. flat-leaved. 8, vill. Sty. & Anth. exd. pvr.pltcher.sh. — -> 0^ 

Plnkenetllimi.H.K.Plukenet's. 8, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. «r.or.coBe-8h. 4. 7. 1774L 0i#l 

I, Alhem, A,H, wkUe-floMfifed ye/.irJUxmc-sh. — — 04ftb ^ 

a. pAHida, pait'flowered palf .cone-sh. — — 04^ 

pne'cox. B.C. early dwarf. 8-4,dliat.8ty.exd.Anth.sub-exd.;>aiq^. 8. 8. 1888. 04ftb ■ 

prsBgnans. A.N. swelled-heatli. 4, dliat. Sty. & Anth. ind. 6A.vent. 5. 7. 1788^ 04lk 

p eoecimea, tcarlet, .... sr.vent. — •*-— 0«Ai 

pr» stans. a.h. excelling. 4,sroth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. v&.vent. -.-^— 041^ 

primnldides. a.m. Primnla-flow'd. 5,smth.8ty.exd.An(b.ind. rfd.ov. 4. 7. 1888. 04^ 

princeps. a. h. princdy. 4, ciliat. Sty. Se Anth. ind. pi:. vent. 1888. 04k 

0cArmem, fleeh-eolomnd 

prDC<imbeiis.H.B.w.procnmbent. 8, vill. Sty. & Anth. exd. p.rvd.glob. MM. 04k;i 

prop^odens. b.m. pendent. 4,pabes.Sty.exd.Anth.lnd. par.bdl-sh. 7. 8. 1888. 0^ 

pnb^scens. H.K. downy. 4,pabes.Sty.&Anth.iDd. p.rtd.glob. 8.18. 1788. 04ftb 

1. m^^MT. la^iftr. 

8. mlMT. MMtUrr. 

8. r4rmm^ g/triug^ 

piik:h^Ua.w. neat. S, swUi. Sty. & Anth. incL rvd^j^. 8. 8. 1818. O.ft. 



OCTANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 86 

Systnoatic BofUfth No. of CoLAFonn Moatli Native Yr^ 

liauBe. Name. LeavetinawborL of Flower, of FL Country. Introd. 



pidiiinileiita. B.C. powdery. t, white. Sty. &Aiitb.iDcl. w/^ov. t. & C. B. S. 1820» G^ 

fbmh^ A.H. dwarf. B, imUi. Sty. & Anth. ind. oar, cyL 

fta.B.G. clear. S, smth. Sty. &Aiith.ezd. «ik.j»fc.g|ob. -i 

|np6f«a. A.H. piirple-flower'd.6-7yimth. Sty.&ADth.ezol. fwr.cyl. 1.12. . 

lyniidiHi B.M. pyramidal. 4ySmth.Sty3ab-exdJUiaocl. M.beU-sh. 6. 7. 

I.T. p3rrola-flower'd.3,imth.Sly.&Aatli.iiicl. «pA.glob. 5. 7. — — — 

la/Urm 6Um. a.h. 

H.B.W. dwarf-pnri^ t, smth. Sty. & Ant ind. pur^beU-ah. 7.10* •* 

fiiiiBgwliria.A>Hjqiiare>tobcd, nimier.8mth,Sty.^Anth JbcLmt. i0^.tub. 6. 8. * 

B.C. 

A«H. rayed. 4,amth.Sty.eiid.Ai|thjDd. rfd.eyL8.11. -^—— 

^dlacalar. twihcoUmred, f9&.rtfd.cyl. 

aeemifera. a.h. compact-flowed. 6, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. par.glob. 4. 6. 

H.K. 8lend.-hraDch'd.4,smthJ3ty.siib-ezd.AnthJad. j>Kr.glob. 7.1S. 

B.C:. recorved-flow'd.GySmth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. irA.ov.obl. 5. 8. -> 

nttuL ■•B.w. reflexed. 8,smth.Sty.excLAnth.inci.vA.glob.vent. -^ — •*— ^ 
fMrm, red'Jiawerid, red^^b.Teat. 



A.B. refulgent. 49Smth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. r««.gT.cyl. 5, 9. -^ 

A.H. twice-flowering.4,8mth. Sty. 6c Anth. ind. IU.beU-ah. 6. 8* 1 

fiO^ wkiU'ftowered •r&.beU-sh. -^-. 

recarved-lea¥'d.4yCiUatSty.exd.Anth.ind. picr.rfd.tub. »■ 

BX. rigid. 8*4yrigid.Sty.&Antb.ind. pk,u:h,cy\, 

.H.B.w.Rollisson's* 10yrecarv.smth.Sty.&AnthJnd.r.6&.tob.— — 

A4b rose-eoloored* 5-6, sab-ciUat.Sty.exd.Anth.incl.ros.cyl. 6.10. -— .— 

■•B.W. small-beaked. B^Sty.&Anth.exd. v/^0¥.glob. 4. 6. 

B.M. reddish. S, smth. Sty. dc Anth. ind. red.0Y.veiit 5. 8. — 1 

A.H* red-flowered. 4ySmth.Sty.exd.Anth.ind. par.red.glob. 8. 9« 

BX. red-calyxed. 4, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. red.ir.obl. -i-^ 

ri ii r ^i lfx . A.H. riibra S0p42a. Swt. 

wrinkled-flow'd.S-4,8mth.Sty.&Anth.excl. red.tab. 

A.H. rock. 8,8mth.Sty.8|ib-exd.Anthaad.io.bell-8h. — ^ . 

A.H. D. of Bedford's.4, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind.. ros.ov.glob. 6. 9. 

i.A.H.Samsbory's. 8, smth. Sty. & Anth, ind. pile.ov.obl. 7. 9. 

A.H. Salisbury's. 8-8, Sty. exd. Anth. ind. sc.dub-sh. 5. 9. 

B.C. bloody. 4,smth.Sty.exd.Anth.8ub-exd. cr.cyl. S. 8. 

B.C. C. of Scarboro'. 4,near1.smth.Sty.4cAnthancl.re.glob.obl. 6. 7. .i - i 

I. BX. roagfaish. 4, viU. Sty. Si Anth. ind. tchj>Y, 

mjc, scariose* 8,smth.mac.snb-exd.Ant.i|id. v.bell-sh. 

BX. SchoU's. 2, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. jmr.bell-sh. 5. 9. 

broom. 8, smth. Sty. Sc Anth. ind. gr.bell-sh. 4. 5. S.£urop. 1770. H.i^. 

. I BifBiia, ksur, 

Sebana4ik^ crowd.smtb.Sty.&Anth.exd. ir.ov.smaU. ^ C. B. S. 1880. O.Jb- 

Seba's. 8,8mth.Sty.&Anth.exd. rctf.cyl.carv. 3. 6. 1774. O.J^. 

L tttaa* yeUow'fimotrti, .. ^ ye(.cyl.curv. ' — ^ O.Jj^. 

S. atlaar. Usaer, ...,. or.cyl.curv. ■ O.Jj^, 

MffflSSObk. B.C SerpyUom-lv'd. 8, vill. Sty. exd. Anth. ind. Zt/.beU-sh. 5. 8. )812. G.J^. 

A.H. saw-leaved. 4,rigid.Sty.exd.Anth.«ub-exd^.ye.cyl. 8.12. 1790* Q,§^. 

H.B.W. serrulate-leav'd.2-4,sernil.Sty.exd.Anth.incl.ye<.bell-8h. 6. 8. 1814. G.|^. 

AJi. bristly-leaved. 8ybristly.Sty.exd.Anth4ncL UA.glob. 2. 8. -. 1798. G.|&. 

I. A.H. six-angled. 8, smth. Sty. 6l Anth. excl. ir&.ov. $^ 8. 1774. G.^. 

I.A.H. Earl Shannon's. 8, ciliat. Sty. & Anth. ind. M^.v:ent 6. 7. 1800. G. J&. 

.B.W. Sir J. E.Smith's4, smth. Sty. & Anth. ind. r€d.glob. 8. 7. 1810. G.JJb* 



1812. 


G.ilb- 




G.*. 


1789. 


G.*. 


*• . • 


G.*. 


1790. 


0.9». 


1808. 


G.». 


1812. 


G.ilb* 


1798. 


G.*. 


1820. 


G.Jb. 


1808. 


G.|b. 


1786. 


G.ft. 


1812. 


G.f». 


.« . . 


G.ft. 


• • . . 


G.*. 


1816. 


G.|b. 


1791. 


G4^. 




G.*. 


1787. 


G.S). 


1820. 


G.i[b. 


1828. 


G.|b. 


1798. 


G.Jb. 


1810. 


Q.ib' 


1812. 


G.S). 


1798. 


G.i^. 


1825. 


G.i^. 


1812. 


G.Jb. 


1789. 


Q.^. 


1824. 


G.J^. 


1804. 


G.f». 


1815. 


G.ib. 


•■• • p 


G.ib. 


1800. 


Q.9f. 


1810. 


G.ib. 




G.|^. 


1790. 


G.Jb. 



^H B6 


OCTANDRIA MONOGYNTA. 


^ 


1 




Bngllth No. or C<il.AFunii HanU 


NU1« 


iSS2 


^^H 


Nupc. L«i><Tt In ■ whorl. orFloni. olFl 






^H Mcciedn. I..T. 




C. B.S 


1799. 


^H SoUndri. A.B. 


Solnnder's. 4 -6, hair.Sty.exe An ^b -inc. pii.r, be. hOi. S, g 





1800. 


^H tfinUda. H.B. 


iordid-flow*g. *, vill. Sty. & Anlb.excl. m-.cjl. B. 5 





IT90. 


^^1 ^na. B.C. 


scattered. S.aialb. Sty. & Anth. eicl. rrd.bell-sh. 3. 8 





IBOS. 


^m .ped6».A.H. 


iliewy. S,ntar,smtb.8ty.excl.AntJnd. re.yr.cyl. 0. 9 








^H »picil».A.». 


spiked. fl,saitli.Sty.&Anth.lncl. ffr,irA.cyl. 1.18 





1IB9, 


^^H (ipDiD6sa. s.c. 


spumous. S, smth. Sty. & Antb.eicl.pur.re.bell-sh. S. 8 




1786, 


^B .|>U'>.den.. n. 


splendid. 4, vill. Sly.excl. Antb. incl. K.ov.cyl. 4. 9 





IT9S. 


^V .pOri,. 


spurious. 4,ciliat.Sty.excl.A.tith.iiic1. pJc.cyl. 4. 8 




17B6. 


^^ ^ pdHirfo. 


ua/f -rfoiccring". >-ii>. ..«•■■.*..«. p.pkmCyl, 






scHly-cupped. 4,snith.Sty. & Auth. incl. pur.red.glob. 4. G 





ITM. 


(tclUlti. a.c. 


starry. 4,crowd.Til1.Sty.&Ai]th.excl. irA.bell-Bh, S. 9 




IBOS. 




-H. 






Blelliren. B.C. 


star-bearing. 4,pilOie.Sty.eid.Antb.incl. iA.ot.vent. 4. e 








Btrfcta. A.H. 


upright. 4^nilb.Sty.snb-eicl.Antb.iDd.p>ir.rf.oT.S.Il 


S.Europ.lT«S. 1 






C. B.S. 


IBIS. 


^ «.lph£.reo. !,.«. 


sulpl,ur-color'd.4.vill.Sty.excl.Antb.ind. jie/.cyl. S. S 





. 


H «,«,M.^...H 


sweet-sceuled. 5.6,smlh. Sty. A; Antli. pa.piir.cyl.S.ll 





18» 









ISU. 


^V tiixir6lia. A.u. 


yew-leaved. S.smtU. Sty.aiAnth. incl. pa.red.ov. 7.U 





nm. 


TempU«. A.H. 


Lady Temple's. 6, pub. Sly. & Anth. Incl. rm.tnb.Tcnt. 5. B 




IBM. 


teii«Ua. 4.H. 


deUcate. 4,snitb.Sty.& Anth.incl. rfd.venL8. 3 




im, 


teuulDAnu *.it. 


BlenderaoVr'd.4,smlh.Sty.encl.Anlh.incl. a-ft.tub. 4. 




IBM 




veUtK-Aotctt^ d, vef.tnb. 






^H letragdna. a.h. 


»quare-Baiver-a,3^nith.5ty.eicl.A<itb.incl.9fI.p>tcber-8h. T. 9 





I7W 


^H T^Ualix. E.D. 


cross-leaved. 4,ciliat.S<y.exd.Alilb.lncl. (il.ov.glob. (1. 8 


Britain. 




^H 


icAi(ir-j)uirn-nI. ipLov.glob, 






^^H rlibra. 


mJ-ttiai:frfr1. ..... ^... rrA .nv .a\n\\. 






^H Thalictrifl6ra.8.c. mcailow-n.e-fl'd.S, »mtb. Sty. & Antb. excl. yri-ioA. 5. 9 


c.B.a. 


181A 


^^B lldlRillAI. A.U 


I 






^^ ThUDMl^i, B.M 


Tliunberg'g. 3,si<ltii.Sty.sub-ex.An,iD. ar.glob.bell-sh. S. B 





ITSI. 


UijTOiftlin. A.M. 


Thyme-leaved. B,dliat.Sty.exd.Antb.iBd. rrd.glob. 




tra 


tiaraD6ra. a.h. 


turban -fiow'd. 8,rigid.Sty.i\nth.eid. Mr.tnrban-flh. 




1IM 


togla. B.M. 


large-Clipped. 2, smth. Sty.&Antb.incl. rnf.oy.vent. 6. S 




IBU. 




togata-llke. S-3,amtb. Sty .sab-ex. An.iiid.pli.QV.VGO. 4. 6 














IBOD. 


triceps. B.C. 


tbree-beaded. S.siutb. Sty .& Antb .e»cl. htA.ov 




isoa. 


tricolor. H.E.w. 


tbree-coioured. 3-4,dllat. Sly.&An.eid. r(.£',g<,ov.Dbl. 6. 




IBM. 


^^ 1, ifHnxtn. 


bujthy. ...... ....ii.,.. r^.p-^.yf.ov.obl. G. T 






^K 2. MT'T. 


Uirgt. p.re.gr.stl.oh\.iaa. 




IBM. 


^H 


imalt, p.red.gT.veut.infl. 




IMk 








iHia. 


trA«d>.i..o. 


neat. 4,smtb. Sty,AAutb.Lnd. .ifc.ov.vent. 




^— . 


^r^Mi. 


Ttd-fiotcCTcd. red.Ov.VHnt. 






tuliIBfira. A.H. 


tube-flowered. 4,ci]lat. tity.uci. Ao.sub-ex. pu.rc.cyl. 4. T 




vm. 


^^ tuUbicota. B.C. 






IBB. 


^K tfirgida. L.en. 


tnrgid. 3,smtb. Sty.&Anth.bd. pJf.ov.vent. 




IMiL 


^H f<LEi/3Ii<l3BI'0 


or. A.H. 










Portugal 


ITSL 


IT 




C.B.S. 


19» 

ir7». 


^^ 




^ 


■ 



OCTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 87 

Srstematie EngUth No. of Col^Form Month Native Yr.of 

Name. Name Leaves io a wborl. of Flower. ofFI. Country. Introd. 

figaoa. H.K. Cornish. 4-5, smth. Sty.&Anth.excl. irA.bell-8h. 7. 8. Cornwall U.jjh* 

1. Mm, white-flowered irA.bell-sh. 4. 8. .... H. jjh. 

2. riUfra. red-flowered. re<I.beU-sh. — .... H.|^. 

S. fUlida, pale-flowered pa/e,bell-8h. .... H.|^. 

4. teniUa. dwarf. irJb.bell-sh. .... H.|^. 

t.c. TariaUe. S, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. r«dybell-sh. 5. 8. C. B. S. 1820. G.|^. 

B.Bf • Porcelain. 4, ciliat. Sty.&Anth.inc]. 6A.yent 4. 0. 1787. G.||^. 

U iikm. whUe-flowered ioft.yent. — .... G.Jj^. 

X eoeeiuea, uariet-flower^d. «c.yent. .... G.||^. 

Sb «4niM. flesh-coloured >l.vent. .... G.|^. 

4. mtpirUu superb, p.red.yent. .... G.l^. 

§, sUOffera. starrff, p,red.yetit. •••. G.Jj^. 

r.A.H. yarions-cdored.'S, smth. Sty .excl. An.inc]. «c.or.tab.cy1. 11.5. 1790* G.|^. 

H.B.W. gracefnl. 4, Sty.&Anth.incl. trA.ye/.oy.yent. 6. 8. G.Jj^. 

B.C. blushing. 5, near.8mth. Sty.&Anth.incl. pfc.6Jb.cyl. 1820. G»||^« 

icniBs. B.C. spring-flowering.S, smth. Sty.excel. Anth.incl.car.bell-sh. S. 4. 0,S^, 

vcnfx. A.H. yamished. 3, smth. Sty .&Anth.incl. or.gr.glob.oy. S. 9. 180S. G.|^. 

L hmgyUra. Umg-flowered or .^.glob.oy. G.|^. 

2. ftfrv. red-flowered, or.rtf.glob.oy. G.S>. 

I. A.H. whorled. 4, smth. Sty.&Anth.incl. red.cyl. 7.10. ■ 1774. G.Jj^. 

I.K. tremulous. 6-8, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. «ar.cyl.l.l2. — 1789. G.Jj^. 

Ltta. white. fcA.cyl. G.J&. 

1 n s KJueu , scarlet, sc.cyl. O.S^, 

1 hrmuita. flesh-coloured >l.cyl. . G.S>. 

4yi%aAL brightred. red.cyl. G.|^. 

^Mb. yellow, : ye^cyl. G.S». 

4 pmptna* purple-flowered pitr.cyL G.S>. 

f. fitM. rose-eoUmred. ros.cyl. G.J^. 

*WpBrp6rea.w. green & parple. 3, smth. Sty.ex. Anth.iDcl. p.^.bell-sh. 6. 8. Portugal H.J^. 

r. yillons-leayed. 3, yill. Sty.&Anth.excl. trii.pitcher-sh. 2. 6. 1800. G. jj^. 

I. A.H. greenish-flow'g. 4, yill. Sty.excl. An.incl. ^.cyl.dub-sh, 1. 6. .... G.J^. 

i%iftiA.H« green. 6, nearly smth. Sty.excl. An.incl. gT.cyl. 6. 8. 1800. G.J^. 

4Mfl6n.A.H« dark-green-fl'd. 3ySmth. Sty.&Anth.excl. ^.cyl.club-sh. — 1820. G.|^. 

li|fM0-r6brB. Maiden's-blnsh. 4, smth. Sty.excl. Anth.incl. pfc.cyl. 3. 9. .... Q.^^, 

H.K. clammy. 4, smth, Sty.&Anth.ind. /iZ.bell-sh. 3. 7. 1774. Q.§b, 

B.C. Walker's. 4, smth. Sty.&Anth.incI. red.oy.yent. 6. 8. 1806. Q,^, 

WsUUrU rkbra, a.h. 

[Stig. A-S-notched, 
ntZiKSIA^MENZIETSIA. CalA-S-cl^, Cor.qflpet.4-S-part. FtZ.8orlO. Ger.furr. Sty.angu. 

E.FI. Scottish. lin.obt.crowd.l-rib.den.p.6. 6. 7. Scotland H.^. Sandy peat. 

t.t. rasty-flowered. oboy. lane. cop. 5. 6. N.Amer. 1811. H.^.seeds^ayers^ 

Mribfi.t.t. globe-flowered. eUi.lan.hair.abo.glan.be.cop. ■ 1806. H,§^. or cuttings, 

iMHa. E.F1. Irish. oy.wh.ben.;<<«jiiyiU. pu.re, 6. 9. Ireland H.J|>. under a 

1» aaguttifUia, narrow'leaved. pur, .... H.|^. hand-glass, 

XIatifUku broad'-leated. pur.-^-^ .... H.Jb. 

1 afac dwarf, pu.re. .... H,|t. — — - 

COMBRBTUM^COMBRETUM, Col. A-lohedy deciduous. Pet. 4. Stam.S,in2rows, 

caiimk DC* eomose. op.obl.acu.ent.sub-cor. sc. 7. 8. S.Leone. 1821. S.Sb.cU Sandy loam 

gHHifl6raBLB.M. large-flowered. opp.oy. obi. sub-cord. sc. 1824. G.Jb.c/. and peat, 

cuttings. 



OCTANDRIA MOUOCTNIA. 



PRANCaA, FRASCffA. C«l.«-«Itfl,«fa. Pel.i. SUm.SJirtU.tsa«erTidurt,ai<^. Capt.t 
aff ui JJcBlit*- B.W.C. aaktd-sA'i . Ijr. wn.pab.niid. for. S.Amer, I9S8, H.}f.Pmtltl 



P 



ORDER III. 

TRIGYMA Styles 3. 

POLt"GONUM, PERSICARIA. Ca!.i»*<iiep,»tgm. Cvr.O. Film.fnm5lo«. Sly.3. Steit, 

amphibinm. l.B. Ampbibioiii. ov. lanCBrnt. .^ini. H.p.Sntdjrl 

BbtDTta. E.F1. great Bistort, ov. obt. glaa. wavy. pit. s. 9. .... H.^. buJi 

CoD«6Waliu.E.F1.cliiiibiiig. ■It.cordjagltt.pnt. gr.icli. ■ — H.Zl.d. 

emargiaatiiin.B.B, notch. frnited. cord, sagitt. eat. pk. S. 9. Cbina. 1T96. H.3. 

Figop']rnini.E.FI. Buck-wbeit. cord. Bagilt. oat. pk. T. B, Eni^laod H.a. 

Hjdropiper.E.Fl. bitJDg. Isnc wbtj. diin. gr. ■ Britain U.S. 

lapatbilotiiini.E.n. pale-flowered. or.Unc.niBt^. rough, red. T.ID. .... H.a. 

niliiiiLE.PL KiutU. Un. lane. Oat, imlb. p.red. England U.S. 

COCCOLVBA, SEA-SIDE-GRAPE. Perieiilh.S-part.eelarid. Cer.O. Berry ocaf«,ria;fa-«rfri. 

ladfflHa. «.». broad-leaied. cord, arbic-ent. wA S.Anier. 1S13. S.S.fiM^li 

pab^ctu. ■.!. pobescent. orbic. pubes. rtigos. wh W.Iod. IGOU. S.^.^rb^w 

D*lfera. L. ronnd-leaicd. cord.oi1)ic. obt.inith.KT.fr. 6. S.jb. mMi^i 

nad. Kith Ihe learti l^t an, wiUftrikt\ 

BAi'l'NDUS, SOAP-BERRY. CaLi^iUaw^i, Cor.rfiptlali. Cap:Jlethy,TentrumK. 
SqMniria. DC. taauam. piim. leafl. obLbnc. wk. T. 9. W.lnd. 1607. S.^.lMHtj 

PAVLLINIAfPAVLLimA. Cal.S-part. Ptl.i, Nect.t,uHtq. Cap».3-ndtd,»-ccUrd,4hg.'m 

libuiatB.DC. wing-leaved. pia.lGafl.obl.obt.ser.Bcu.irb. T. 9. S.Ainer. 17^2. S.^l, LigUt 
paljphylla. nc. Supplejack. leaf1.0T.cui]cat.apexcren. ir. 0. 8, 1739. S.^.rJ, 



ORDER IV. 

TETRAGYNIA. Styles 4. 



PA' RIfl, HERB-PARIS. Cal.itfiltmeM. Cor.qfiptla, Ger.i,fiaT. Sly.A. BtTr.4-m^M,^im 
qnadrilulia. B.FI. four-leaved. clli.acn.4inairiior.^.ir.orr<. S. e. Englind H.f.j 



ADOXA,MOSCHATELL. Cal.«/2or31t 
Moic]]atmnR.B.FI.tul>eroiis. lob. Intern 



. Cor.u-lieel-iKaptd.iorSi^^. Sly.iari. 

ip.lcrn. jrr.S. 5. Brilain H.9. LigUi ] 

KCili,trptnutr. 



OCTANDRIA TETRAGYNIA. 

Entllib Fuimut Col.ot Munlh Nali> 

mm. mme. LHiiMa.te. Flow. ufFl, toynlr 

riSB,WATER-WOHT. CaLvfiloict 

lkE.Fl. tliree-petaled. opp. elUti.ent.l-rilib. rc^I. T. S. Britain H.^. Lighfi 

Mfrli, [>rpiir{iii°';i^iifjl. 

OPH¥'LLUM,BRVOPBY-I.LUM. Cal.o/ileav(a. Car,n/iptlali,C!/lituirieal. Stedimany. 
num. B.M. largp-cuppci]. ov.creuat. until, br. 4. 7. MaDtitius.lSOO. G.^, Ijxaiitfteiff I 

mould, cnningt, or the Uaveswlll Mrikt root rtadilif, 

SICOHLEA, FORSICOHLEA. Cal,<{filravta. Cor. iifs ipatk. pcU. Stedii,tnteUiptiliniin>oi, 
t&a». w. dunmy, elllp. terr. niunDed. gr. B. 8, E^pt, tT6T. H.S. 



^F CLASS IX. ORDER I. 

ENNEANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Stamens 9. Style I. 

CARDWM,CASaEW-NUT. Cal-S-partcd. Cor. of S pttaU. Nut kidnty-ihaped. 
■dte.DC. GonuDon. ot. obt. notched. yeLgr. 6. 7. India. ISM. S^. 

[i-ecll. Stig. lob. . 
^RA. Ft, dioica. Jnra. i-S-Uar, dtci, Petia. i-Q-par. StaX 

ik >.■. laurel-leaTed. obo.obl.ent9mth.8bove. gr. 5. G. China. 1822. G.£. 

'RVS,LAVREL. CaLft. Cor.O-portfd, tmcrpam.gtandnlaT. Ber.dry,single-itedtd. 

in. n. BenjamlD-tree. nvate,acuteatciiJs. gr.yt. -1.3. N.Amer. 1765. G.^.Loaalfpeal. 

(da. -w. broad-l?aved. luoc, ent. sliin. ^r.^it. 4. G. S.Amer. 1739. F.it- cutting), i% 

Baamm.B.u. CinnamoD-tree.ov, obi. 3-nerv. gr. 5. 9. E.Ind. 1768. S.^. Jinui, iinJ. n 

lAn. K.M. Campbirc-Iree. ovate, lane. 3-iierv. tch. S. 6. Japan. 1727. G.$. kmid-f,Uai, 
. H.lf. Caisia. ov. lane. scut. S-acrv. fr. 5. 9. Ceylon. 1769. S.^.tpill roal 

. FLGr. sweet-bay, tanc abin. veiny. gr.ytl. 4. 5. S.Europ. 1S6I. H.^./rrely, n-htn 

jiduiaia. iroK-irawd H.*. ktpt frte 

alici/oUa. WiUow-lemtd H.S:./romdw»p. 

M. w. Sauafras-tree. S-lobed, ent. gr.yel. 5. 6. N.Amer. IG33. U.^. 



I 



ORDER II. 

TRIGYNIA. Styles 3. 



UMfRHUBARB. Cal.O. Cor.li-cltfl,ptraUtnl. mti,a-con,crid. 

dam. w. tliick-teaved. obt. lobed, dent. amth. vA. 6. 6. Tartary. 1738. H.^. Rich aandy 

ma, w. palmate-leaved, palm. acut. rongli. icA, 4. 5. Cbina. I7G3. H.jp. Ivan. 

aticimt. w. cmnmon. obt emtli. veiu^liairy. wh, 5, e. Asia, 1S73. H.|).H<iIi^rjM»-|- 

Itam. w. WBVed-leavcd. vill.wavy, foolstnlksfliii. uA. China. 1784. li.lfi. ing rooti. 

N 



-KiA HEXAGYNIA. 



Ki^ER III. 

..-^.'MA. Styles G. 



*'••» ■« Col.of Month Native Yr.of Soilaod • 

.»«».*■■. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. PropafiilM. 

[Caps. 6, with many aeedi. 
•. -2*. >\u.i>. Pei.e, concave. Germ. C, each with an elongattd it^lt, 

a. nottx. upp. roand. ros. Britain K.w.Jf. Loam. 

dirid. plats. 



^ LASS X. ORDER I. 

V \ONOGYMA. Stame.vs 10. Styles 2. 






[Caps, ^-celled. Seeds l^,—. 
. ^ ^WJ<*CySDRO\. Cal.S'partcd, Cor.campanulate,iimbS-ioh. StoM^lk 

.«% .%'M(.tu. oti|\ ri^iil, nistybcn. wh. 5. 6. Nepal. 1818. F.^.Sandy Imh 

^^ ..„. cilip.Uiii.Mlvrrybcn. sc Nepaul. 1820. F.^. ed^wiU 

,^ « ..ji»it*i% •• «•••.••••••••••••• — — ^^_^ •• • • r.fc* grow mm! 

. %;i4A.s.». i-l'ip, laiic. «c. 5. 6. Hybrid B.^.qf the ipt- 

»..ik\ oiip, Uno. smth. dccid, pk.C,7 H.^. ci>« •/* fUf 

'•. ^v .i»i«iv. cUip. driit.cil.glaud. /lAr.ir. 6. Austria. 178G. H.St. genuM t§ 

•. .,M.i%st. fUtp. oM. smell. pur, Ncpaiil. 1820- F.^. great per^ 

. «..v.^.t.t. rlU.l.indown.lMMi.8cab.ro.ir. 8. Caucasus. 1S03. H.^,/eclian;the$ 

«. . ..^M M. «»v.i>M.i>h(.Miitli.doU.ben.ro. 6. 8. N.Amer.lSOO. H.^. howeter ge* 

^. .. \ .,»«v^»iiiJ. rllip.oil.iierv. pk Kaint8ch.l802. H.^. n^rvl/y jw- 

^ «..i.M iioHcrM.oM.Miiih.aUw.scab.bon. yf. 6. 7. Siberia. 1700. H.St, ceed beat n 

s..(*\\v ellip. obi. Miith. j»tf/c/mr. 5. 6. N.Aiiicr.l810. H.^. peat ant; 

\««.i«.ui. rlUp. Mulh. onl. ;»d.;)u. 3.11. Siberia. 1780. H.^. bat when 

... .. .■ ,'*%^. pur. .,.. H,^. this wtoaU 

^.^,. .»».v pitr. Altaic H.St, iadificultta 

..«.> '.vMv.sK rUip. Miith. iVrnip. I)eii. «i\ 5. 6. Switzcrl. 17o2. H.St' be procured^ 

^t>« I (it\-<V o!«l.o\.luir.oiilH)(liMd. ros. 6. 7. 1829. H.^. theif may kt 

*M.v »*cuUn1. cMip. oM. iMit.Miilb. .... 1828. H.^. grofrn ta a 

V. % *Up.hrtiry,«»lil.ilott.beii. ro*. 5. 6. I6,i6. H.^. large tizegiu 

„ ,. »v' r«5. 1800. H.^. light aandfi 

^ . ,\ ;;. I's-ii « tulMtil.o^. i;i<iii. t'oriiu*. /i7. 0. 7 H.^. loam, Thiff 

I ,1^ iisl «'Uip. obi. oiK. dott. AT. 3. 4. Lapland. 1810. F.^. are readU§ 

\l.»u.i'% rlhp.«»b!.MiilIi.su'iit.»liin. f/e. 1818. H.^. increased bff 

MmkW Uvi^tsl. I'Ui.l-l iuili.dolt.cd^.cil./iXr. 5.0. Gibralt. 1703. H.^. seedSfWlag- 

.«t^«- oM. «iuth. nhiii. iirrv. bh, G. 8. N.Aiiier. 1730. 11.^. ers, 

^ s'% '. . • ••. . ^ ■»»> '»»«' • pur, • — H.^. ■ 

Ml KiiiiM'* t-Mip. liisid. rusty, boil. ii'A.y. Nepal. 1828. F.^. 

».l.uiw rllip. obt. .*Imi. /i7. Hybrid H.^. — ^— 

U «vp «K*ii«<«l U-ntsl. (Uip. obi. Miitb. dott. /f7. 6. 7. N.Ainer.l786. H.^. 



. • - »- » 



■ » 



s 



X V • '• *• 



DECANDRIA MONOGYMA. 



Sollu 



dwuf. emp.nDU].Deaii.l.ia.kiDg. 6. 7, Nep»I. IS»9. H.S- — • 

w. Plnm-leBTed, ellip. Ihdc. sliia. amtb. ros, S. 6. H.S. 

I- Ponlic cUip. lancimth. ptcr. C. GibnltBr.lT63. H.^. 

Mifbliiaa.iiatTW-Uatti. far, 6. Gardens H.S. 

PH. ickili-JlaiBertd ah. .... H.^. 

>ler. tif-toltvtd. H.*, 

ittnm. tKUlrd-petaled. pur. H-i- 

Hi/Uiiiiii.Ca»iiif-(nirAl pur. .... H.^. 

wriB. eiir['il-tnir<d. par. ..-■ H.S- 

kmtide*. Daphne-liki lii. . H.J. 

Mtam. Itnf^, p«(r. .... H.^. 

t^rgtntif. tiUer-Uaetd, lU. H.^, 

t-airtU. goidtK-lnztd Id. .... H-J. 

plena. diiableJUictriiig. pur. ~ — - .... H.S. 

ktiiulam. tmn^-fioierrtd. lif. .... H.J. 

vtifi6mai.targi-fioaeTtd HI. H.i. 

uritum. gimuralt. til. H,£. 

rwidium, iitlenncdiote. pur, H.^. 

tUmmai. Knlmia-ltartd. par. .•.. H.^. 

Hfki/'auin, large-lrated pur, .... H.S. 

Wi</Wwni. BlafKolia'rd. liL .... H. J. 

rtBi(B«. ntctT.(if;cil. lil. — . .... H.^. 

Itue, Ntpaul. pur. Nepaul. 1767. H-i. 

lifHaim. vbhiit-Uared pur. Gardeos H.$. 

■■• ocat-Umtd, pur. .. ■• H.|t. — 

■a. rotJUHcrrtd ro». .... H.$. 

■diaiuM. rtutd-Uiaed. lit, .... H-S- 

ifUimwi.WUbHD.lamd pur. .... H.*. 

UM. Btusell'i. oU.em.coriac.dawn.l>en. tc.i.6. Hybrid. 1810. H.$. 

Smitb't. lane, elong. alt. reti. ro-pn. H.ft. 

CDM, UGNVM-VITX-TREE. Cat. Sport, untg. C1rr.9fitqH.peU. Cap*.angu.Z.i-telled. 

. DC. Ire«. I.i4piiin.lea.ov,oU.obt. bk. T. D. W.lnd. I6M. S.£.5ni/y W», 

kjr'l'HiK. arbdratm Jac. If It^fmaid. 

. L. officinal. pin.lea,of2or3pairs/ibt.M 17W. S.J. nttingt. 

H.HEV'NEA, CaI.6-toi)lkcd. Prt.5. Ovary ieilled. Capl.2r<dud,l-ctllcd,iiiigU.Krdtd. 

ipi, Bolu five- paired. pinn. leaf), av. ellip. u-h W.lnd. isai. S.^.SaiuUi loam 

LM. thre^-pdred. pinn. leafi. ellip. lane, leh, 9. Nepaul. 1812. S.^-lfptaU cult. 

riA,FAG(rNIA, Cal. Iff sitae, Cor.q^sAeort-iAap.jxti. f op«.5<«U, lO-eafp. CtlU.l-tealed. 

Cretan. pinn.leafl.lanc.Emlfa, pur. 6. 8. Candia. 1T3U. G.^.Pial i[l«an. 

ttc. glulinoni. (cm. leafl. obov. mucr. rrJ. 3. 8. Egypt 1620. G.^. culllngi. 

mXYLON, LOGWOOD, dd.i-tlt/t. Ptt.b. Cap>. Lulled, 2-ralTtd. 

Inun. L, Campechy, pinn. leafl.abMrd. ytl S.Amer, 1724. S.^.titamlfpttl. 

aOtingi. 

tSA,LOCVST-TREE. Cid.i-paH. Cor. vfijuaTlytqu. pell. Ltgti. large, dUa. Palpmeal;/. 

1. 1. Conrbaril. blna.leafl.uneq. at bue. pk. W.lnd. 1088. B.^.Peat If laan. 



^ 



DECANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 



' CHLORO-XVL0N,CHL0R(yXVL0N. Cal.5-ci^. Cor. <tfs peti. Cap5.3-wIW,3-rafMd. 

Swlelfnla. DC. Van Swieten's. plnn.lcBtl.ov.glBu.obt. <th E.Inil. 1830, S.^Xoomf-j 

Stcietima chtiirSxi/lm. Roi. 

BORKeLIA,HORK^LIA. Cat.attnp.qfs imalllfSlargeUelb. Pet.S. Rtcqi.coni. Ger.oti.erUi 
M. crowded -dow'd.piuD. Iimfl. obi. cunim. vh. B. N.Amer. IBSG. H.p. Sandyltm^ 

pari r'—^ 
I CARtTGAjGARVGA. Cal. camp. S-vW. Ptt. S. equal. Stig.5-lob. Drupe with 2-5 nnfflt-ttei. 
plim&U. Rox. wiDg-leuTed. piaa, Icafl.laac.aerr, yet E.Ind. tSOS. S.^.Loam^flA 

I BERGS' RA,BERGBRA. Cal.S-paTltd. Cor.ofSptU. Ovary i-celted. Btr.rfinl-ceUtd,l! 
I tBtt^Trima. DC. entlra-leaved. p'mu.leafl. eul. u-A. 5. 6. W.Ind. 1S3S. S.^.Peotti 

* XOnrNGA, HORSERADISH-TREE. Cai.<if>uaTlyeq«.lt«rei. Pet.6. Legii.tiliqiMAikt, 
pter]'g<up^rma'DC.wiD;cd-seeded,bipm.leBS.ell1p.orbic. ytt E.lnd. 17S9. S.^.Pralt'M 

HyperanthlTa Morlnga. Vabl. 

CETO'NlAfGET&NIA. Cal.^Sltac. Cor.qfBptl. Sla.lO. 5 alter. broad. If inter.ii 

floribCinila. Rox. bundle-floVd. ov. opp. eiK. uciite. iiet.gr E.Iiid. IBIS. S.^J, 

n&lam. Uox. ooddlng. oT.acum.unth.abo.pub.beD 1814. S.|k 4 

LYO'NIA.LYffNlA. Ciil.i-IaM. Ciir.globalar,5.tebedatlhtapex. Cap*. 5-6-mIIciI. 
ftmigfDea. Nal. femi^notiB. ellip.eatnut.&mea]. beD.tr. 0. 7. N.Amer. I7B4. B-S. Sm4ff 

AndTimeda/eTruglaea. Walt. a»i p«* 

iiiultifl6ra. Wat. manj-tlowered. lane. pUoaa beneath. icA. 7.—— H-S. Im/en^: 

paniciilata. Nut panicled. ov.enLiUii. Br.S-coro. wh. 17W. H.^ 

AndrdnudapoMUntiila. l. 



aARDWrCKIA,HARDWFCKIA. CaW-B-dtf. Cw.O. %.«*«■. S*^.p«I. ter'-'"-"-""-*-' 

Box. blnate. ut2's.lca.op.Beml-cor.3-ii. y E.Iod. 1S20. S.|t.Z«aM4r| 

pluniCa. Rox. plniiite. piD.leafl.alt.-ov.lan.acnin. ye 1B18. S. ~ 

PARKIS80NIA,PARKlNS0fNIA. Cal.S-elff. Car.t^ipei.und.miirenif. Stj.O. Leg. 
I Kinleita. L. prickly, pinD.leafl.OT.enl. yel W.Ind. 1789. S.i.Stnif^ 



IMVLOCA-RVUar, BVCK-WHEAT-TREE. Coi. S-dfnIeJ. 
UcnitrinuD). w. Privet-like. cunot.lanc.Bcat. tch. 0. Georgia. .... V.^.Poa^t 

: 
I 



ATAVANTIA,ATAVANTIA. Ciii.4-5-p<irt. Pet.Vi. Stam.unil.attxut. BisT.i-ctlled,i-1tM. 
)nupby'lla. DC. onc-lcayed, ov. obi. apesnotcbcd. wA. fl, 8. E.Ind. 1177. S.^. L—m^i 
Liminia mntophi^llim. Rox. moM. 

AU}iyRSINE,AMMi'RSrNE. Cal.6-part. Cer.qfSpttaU. Stan. C<^n.S-<tU.optii.lhm 

buxilolia. Pb. DoK-leaved. ov.CDUvrx.Miilli.sbiu. a-k. ,'i. 6. Caniliod. ITU. U.$. Smdj ^ 

tidum bMxi/^iivin. L. '■ 



DECANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 93 

SyiteiiiaUc Eaflish F^rmor CoUof Month Native Yr.or Soil and 

Name Name. Leaves, Ac. Fkm. ofFl. Conntry. Introd. Propagation. 

dqniu^olia. Thyme-leaYed. ellip. shin, not convex. wA. 5. 6. Carolina. ... . H.|^. layers, 

Lidwm thffmifdlium, Hort. 

US^DUMf LBDUM. CaLS-parted, Cor.qfSpftdi,equ4a, Caps.qfScelU^hurstingatthebase. 

litifiiiom. B.C. broad-leayed. obl.edgesrevo.down.ben. w. 4. 5. N.Amer. 176S. H.§^.SaMdy ioam^ 

fdftitre. B.Fl. manh. Un.revo.down.ni8t.ben. wh, Ireland H.Jb* or peat. 

fi ieHimbeus, decumbent, wh* H.S^,8eed8, or lay, 

KA'LMIAfKA'LMIJ. CeUS-parted, Cor,salver'Skaped^limb5»comered» Cap$,S»eeUed, 

i^pntifdlia. b.m. narrow-leaved, lane. ent. smth. red. 5. 7. N.Amer. 17S6. H.J^.PaU, or sai- 

LMrt^io. variegatedVd red, H.i^, dy loam and 

t.f4miku dwarf, red, H.J^. peatymtxetf. 

t.rl«M. nW'CoUmred, rose, H.|b. seeds^or 

l,r€bra, red, red, H.|^. layers, 

glaucous. op.obLg1aa.edg.revo. red, 4. 5. 1767. H.|b« •— 

broad-leayed. elUp. smth. ent. trA. 5. 7. — — 17S4. H.|^. 

fi, mUeifdlia. WiUow-Umed 

shining-leaved, ov. ent shin, sub-cord. pvr. 6. 7. — — 1829. H.|^. 



».jn. 



UAVLTB'ERlAyGAULTH'ERIA. Cal.S-parted, Cor,ovate,S'toothedattkei^x, Caps, S-eeUed, 

.B.rep. procumbent, ellip. smth. shin. serr. bk, 7. 0. N.Amer. 1762. H,§^,Peat, layers, 

B.C. Shallon. cor. ov. acut. serr. bh, 6, 6. 1827. H.J^. or dividing 

at the root, 

MFWJB^Aj EPIGJE'A, Cal.S-part, Cor.sak}er-8hap,tubu,atthebase,limbS'€left, Stig,SyindenUd. 

f^jpoH. B.R. creeping. cord. ov. ent wh, 7. 8. N.Amer. 1736. H.|b* Peat, seeds, 

% or layers, 

MEOD€yRA, RHODOTRA, CaL S-tootked. Pet. 8. Stam,declinate, Caps. B-celUd, 

OHdteais. b.m. Canadian. elllp. lane, pubes. glau. pu, 6. 7. N.Amer. 1767. Ii,§^,Peat, or san- 

dy loam, layers, or seeds, 

MS^LIA, BEAD-TREE, CakS-parted, Pet, S, oblong, lin, Stig, B-angled. Ber. ovate, 5'CeUed,l-seed, 

common. bipinn. cut lU. 6. 8. Syria. 1656. O.J^. Sandy loam, 
[ieii8.B.R. evergreen. pinn. Iea6. rugos. dent. KL 8. 9. W.Ind. S,i^,seeds,or eutt. 



tFAUf, J/AIS, Intolu. ^4-5 leares. Cor, i,'^'Ckft, Stig, capitate, Ber, Uueded, 

B.X. Cotinus-leaved. obov. obt ent smth. pk, 6. 7. C. B. S. 1776. Q.^, Peat, loam, 

and let^ mould, cuttings, under a glass. 



^S, CALTROPS. Cal, of 6 leaves. Pet, 5, spread, Sty.O, Caps, 5, spiny ^ many-seeded, 

B.R. Cirtus-flowered.in8pair8ylea.obl.obt.sUk. ye. 5* 7. S.Amer. 1752. S.9* Sandy loam, 

and leqf mould, cuttings, 

MBlOrSTEMON, ERI(ySTEMON, Cal,i-part, Pet, 6, FUm, hairy, Ger,5-lobed,doHedwUh glands. 

■IrifWiiim. b.m. Willow-leaved, lin. lane, ent smth. yel, 4. 6. N. S. W, 1822. G.^b. Light loam 

and peat, cuttings. 

JU8SIEUA,JUSSIEUA, Cal, 4-6-part, lobes acu. Cor, qf 4-5 pets. Caps, 4-5- cell. Seeds many, minu, 

flrteti. I0. erect lane both ends acum. yel. 7.10. S.Amer. 1739. S.10.IS. Light loam, 

B.M. large-flowered, obi. lane, pubes. yel, Carolina. 1812. 0.ir.9. cuttings, or 

DC rough. obi. pilose, scabr. ben. yel. Brazil. 1816. S.tr.9« i^rt roots. 



DECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



CO'OKIA,WAilPEE-TREE. Cat. 5-parled. Prt. nU«iu, narimfire. Brr. i-ctlled. 



»MSEBE:RGIA, EKEBKRCIA. Col. i-l«ollieiL Ptt.1. Stig.capUale. Ber. globoie, S-ueded. 
eapiooi. dc. Cape. pin.lcail.elU.Bcuni.iintb. ich. T. 8. C. B. S. 1789. G.£. Sandy Jmk^ 
tndica. Indian. pin.lesfl.OT.eU.apexdeo. le. E.lnd. 1B3(P, S.£. tfiicel. cult, 

ARTBROSTEJmUA, ARTHROSTE'imaA. Cal.caap.i-Uib. Ptt.i. Fitam. imoath. Capi.i^tM._ 
nftida.B.M. thin'iDg. ov.BcuI. 9ermLlu»p. lil, 0. 7. B.Ayres. IB29. G.p.Loom ^j 



LASIA'NDRA,LAS1A-NDRA. CoI.S-W.aii 
iv.op.cor.vill. 



diciding | 

m. PtI.iabov. Capt.S-cdItd. SeedtqflnJ-oiigted. 
Br.i-sLi. bl. 4. 8. BrBiil, IBIB. S.£. Samfy In 



PLEROMA,PLERO-MA. Cal-i-hbtd. Prf.S.otoraie. Fiiam.it 



. Capi.i-dtltd. 



v.cord. woolly ben. 
iv.liinc.acul. wb. ben. 



U. 4. S. BraxU. 1620. 






beleromiillain. D.D. woolly -leaTed. 

Meliiloma httenimUla, 
vimlttcum. DC. slender, 

RSexia etmiKta, f 

MELA'STOMA, MELA'STOMA. Cal.i-parl. Pet. 5, imtr.ta thecal. Bcr.nfScell;«>itk\ 

cindida. nliite-flowercd, ov. ellip.T-nerv.ulky. icA. G. 7. E.lnd. isa3. S.£. Peal, b^ 

gtanulMa. b.r. granular. ovJan.acum.shi.abo.iril.bcn. Brazil. S.£. 4' W*"*^ 

malabalhrica. b.r. bristly. dlip. obi. rougb. pur, I. 8. 1T93. S.St- miari. < 

•an guinea. B. a. bloody. ov. lane, acnin. S-nerr. pk. 0, China. ISI8. S.£. nltimgt, 

trinenii. w. tiiree-neried. or. imth. veiny, edg.cil. irA. 7. Jamaica. 1795. 8.£. ■ — — 

vill£ea, CM. tiIIoiu. of.acat.ent.vill.5-ner*.pik. S.O 1820. 5.£. ■ 

OSBE'CKIAjOSBECKIA. Cal.i-&-liib,cilia. PtlA'S.obo. Sta.8-lO,io/lhattalu^. Capt. i I aM, 

glomerits. B.M, glomerate. ov.laDc.S-nerv.ent.hiep. rot Trinidad. S.^. Sanitf 1*^ 



EleU&Ia. 



Ceylon 



'. yel. a. 8. Ceylon. 
'. pk. T. 8. Nepal. 






QVISQOA'LISfQUISQUA'tlS. C^i-dtft, dtcid. Pet.H,<ibUing. BiT.i-Midtd,wilhliad. 

IiodSca. B.N. Indian. ov. or uib cord. pub. cr. S. S.Chtna. 181S. S.^.tMnf-j 

eUtmf, 
TBERUaPSIS, THERaiO'PSIS. Cal. emp. i-S-clfft. Pel.5, luarly e^iml. Legn. conp. mmym 
ftbicca. B.R. Bean-leaved. 3-S lea.obl.obt.doiiin.bcn.ye. 6. 7. KaiDtu^.lS24. H.|l. Light 
parlingp 
DION .X A, DION MA. Cal.qfSltav, CoTAf^pet). Stig.fimb. Capi.l-ceUed,gweUi«g,mamfit 
liMctpula. B.M. Venui'iFly-trp.fo1ding,edgesbrUtly. urh. 7. 6. Carolina. 1768. G.Jf.Pod.ai 
pvUwtll draiittd tcilh umi; and placed in a larger tiitd pet, intertcd iaapanqfa 
liureased by ucdt, or partiag rooti. 
BTPTAGE,HFPTAGE. Cid. 5-parlid, with B glands at the bate. Pel. fringed. 
Hadatildla. DC. clogtered. ov. lunc. acuiu. ich. .... E.Iud. 1790. 

Cartnira Tacemita. B.rep. 



J 



DECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

EniUib Tormaf CoLof Month MUff Vr.of Solh 

Ua. DC. blunt-l caved, obov, obt mucr. urh China. 1833. S.S:. euttingi. 

nira oAliMi/SJia. u.n. 

BrrSIA, BUNCHaSIA. Cal.i-parl.biaeglm. Fil.uHi.albaie. Sty.l,amp.oT2-3-cle/.atapex. 

■a. DC. Comat-WTcd. cUip. aciun. ulvcry. nrh. S-Amer. ISSO. S.$. Sandy loam 

)aa. uc. glaDdnlar. ov. ellip. acum. tiath. yel. Antilles. 1804. S.S. Ifpnt. cult, 

REAfPOrVREA. Col. camp. b'tooth.dtdd. Cor.o/sjwd. Sla.lO,exttT. Seedt ling.S-ans'ed, 
iSa.BC, alleraatelv'it. ellip. obi. obt. smth. <cA. 6. 7. S.Amer. 182l>. S.;S.cl. Loom and 
1, l>C. scarlet- So w'd. opp. or. obi. acut. re. 7. 8, Madagaa.IBlB, S.^.cl. Itiffnuiuld, 

■rttioB purpQrtitm. h.r. cvttingi. 

rj'MEDA.ANDRO'IUEDA. Cal.S-olift. Cor. Ml-aht. 6-parl. Cap^.i^ieelUjang. Sadtnum, 
iU. ElB. aeuRimsted. or. lane oDite. igit. kA, 8, 0. N.Amer. 1TG5. H.£. Sandy Uant 

.w. BiUlai^-flow'g. ov. acut. lerr. axil. hA.S.D. H.S. erptal. 

putifilia. narroia-leared irfc. H.^. Seidtor 

. B.M. tree. ellip. Hcum. tooth. utA. 8. 9. ITSa. H.£>. biyera. 

a> B.n. Box-leaved. card. ov. enL mucr. tr. Mauritiu.ltt22. H.^. 

Ita. w. various-leaved, ov. dott. slightly sen. u>A. 4. Rnuia. 1T4S, B.£. 

gUtli/JHia. aaTTnic-ltnred, trA. H.$, 

'ifHU, broad-kttced. wA. H.J. 

■a, dinar/. ich. H.$. 

An.u. Catesby'i ov. lane, finely, serr. uft. 6. 1. N.Amer. 1793. H.£. 

b ■.»■ thick-leaved, ov. enL shin, coiiac pk. 6. 9. 1T65. H.£. 

rfi. B.ac. many-flowered, obi. ov. BcuL serrul. icA. j. 6. Georgia. 181S. H.^, 

kl. B.M. bypuum-like. imbr.awl-sb.erecI.cUiat. vA, Canada. 1820. H.^, 

. I., Marylund. ov.obl.eot. ; Pcdumaggr. &A. 5. 8. N.Amer. ITSB. H.$. 

.e.s. marsh. alt, lane re vol, glau. blush. S. 9. Britain H.J, 

gttt\/hlia. %arraic-leBveil ..., U.^. 

•. w. raceme-flow'd. obi. lane. serr. uih. 8. N.Amer. ITM. H.^. 

. Ph. shewy. ov. serr. shin. irfl. S. 8. Carolina. 1800. H.Ji, 

ica. glauaoiu-Uaced ir6. H.^- 

ccmlAila, potcdered-lTi'd irfl. ■ H.J. 

■. a.M. iaur^ided. irabr. ov. ellip. lagitt. b/i. 4. S. N.Amer. 183T. H.£. 

[Ber. if 5 telU. 
TVS, STRAWBERRY-TREE. CaUS-elf/l. Cor.ov.S-part. Fila.liaVthiltngtkiflheeoralla. 

£.FI. black Bear-ber. ot>av.rugg.«crr.retlcul. urh. 4. S. Scotland U.£. Sandy loam 

Ime. 1.1. oriental. ov. ellip .ent.aerr.smth. icA. 9. 4. Levant. 1724. F.J. and peat. 

id*. B.M. Canary. obi. Ian. serr. wA.fr. Canaiioi.lTM. 0.^,st<da,UiyeTi, 

Ua. B.M. iharp-pointed. ov.cnapid.dent.aerr.ihin.icA. NAmer.lS28. F.J. or tnarch- 

Ida. B.C, SBw-leaved, lane serr. navy. icli.gr. O.J. iig- 

E.FL common. obi. lane. serr. smth. icA.rrrf. Ireland H.J. 

•p«, tarCd-leatid. ah. H.J, 

tgrifilia. rntire-leartd vh. H.J. 

•Mttifllia. narrinc-Uared. ifh. H.J. 

ITS, red'^K-fring' red. H.J. 

\rifllia. WiiioK-leacid leK. H.J. 

Siberian. obov. cnt. notch, aintli. Siberia, IB23. H.J. 

,E.F1. red BeBr*bcrry. obov. ent. obt. roi.coI. 4. S. Britain H.£. 

LA,WINTER-GREEN. Cal.5-part. Cor.i^ifrvuiiJ.caiic.ptt. fa^ii.o/Song-.SctHi.^a rair. 
u Ph. Aumm-leaved. renif. «mlh. st. 6. 7. N.Amer. 1822. H.^. Sandy ptal, 
iJfU intemediate. ov. urbic. cren. sldn. wh. England H.|). trtds, or 



4 



DCCANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



nilic 



nitMr. Br.FI. 1e«er. ellip. orbic. cr 

rotund ilalU. E.Fl.rotind -lea veil. oI>ov, round, c 
tecAnda. Dr.FI. side-flowcriag;. or, acut, terr. 
naiflom. E.FU eiDglc-Doncreil. orbic. acut. te 



H.5. 



I g(;/Vr5/^,Q[7/r/'$/J. C^l.t-i-tmlh. Pet.i-S,tluirt. Cap».i-5-ctlled,cenai-»aded. 
beteropli'ylla. uc. various-leaved, all. obov. uniiat. dent. wA. Manrit. 18SI, S.^. 



Pe^a^lM 



, MON-OTROPA, BIRD'S-NEST. Cal.O. Cor. qf 8-10 ptt. Fil.9.10. Ger.t 
Bjrpopftyl. E.PI. jrellow. 5i>n.6-9-lD.lugh.ical.ov. yel 8. 9. BtiUin. 



i(A4ur5/Br, Sttdt 



^ 



a 4 pain.leafl.Dr.laiic. icA. W.Ind. 1134. S.S. Lsaalf 

citUan 
ENKIA'NTHVS, ENKU-NTBCS. Cal.S-part. Cur. camp. i-cl^,<uct.6. CapM.i-teUnL 
qaiaqncfloras. s.R. five-flowered. elU.acu.ntbotlicndbsmlh. re. T. China. ISIS. G.^. PtiUlfl 
reticulatni. B.R. netted -leaved, obl.abo.acu.albolliendi. re. 4. S. 18S3. G.£- ratlil 

JHUHffjrj, Mt/RiflrJ. CaI.5-;iort. Cor. ramp. Stam. 10. neT.i-etlUd,>iiigU$itclttl. 
ex6tica. B.B. Aab-leaved. pinn.leafl.ov.ent.snitti. vA. 8. 9. E.Ind. IITI. SS.Saadf 
panicnlita. h.e.i. panicled. pin.lea.ov.acum.ent. vh. 182}. S.£. ^peAl 

CKOWEA,CKOWEA. CnJ.S-part. Pttt.i, Stan.lO. Capi,S-eeUtd,&-Talted. Seedi $elUaTji. 

Hlfgna. 8.H. Wtllow-leaied. lane ent. amth. pi. 6.13. N.8.W. 1190, G.^-Loam^fm 

cati' 
MIRBELIA,MIRVELIA. Cal.nf2lip»,5-tB0lhed. Ytxil. ahcnrd. Legu.i-cilltd,lf3-»adti. 
Baxtfri. B.n, Baxter's. opp.obl.cre.muc.silk.iicl.reif. 0. N.Holl. 1830. O.i. Sanif k 

dilalHta. n.R. wud^c- leaved. cunif.apexi)ilated3-5fid.;m. S.9. 1803. G.^. oatffi^ 

gtandiflara. n.M. I ar|:c- flowered, alL ov. lane. sfl.red. S. 0. N.S.W. 1B3S. G.£. r 
tpeaitti. shewy. lin. acuL edgea. revol. pur. 1821. G.£. 

BAUarSIA, MOUNTAIN-EBONY. Cal. S-cltJt. Prt.S.oW. Sla.lO.unit. Ugu.l-eeU.m 

■ S.Amr-r. 18IB. S.£. Sniy ft 
-W.Ind. 17ST. S.i, . 
- Jamaica. tB21. S.lt.fi 

E.Ind. 18211, S.jt- 
' E.Ind. 180B. S.$. 



Lamarklana. DC. Laniark's. cor.smtb.abo.puli.ben. u' 

porrfcla. B.M. smooth-lcafcd. cord. ov. 3-4 nerv. vi 

pu likens, ur. pubescent. cor.pnb.bea.1ea.ov.4-ner, 

rellisa. Rok. retuae-lcaved. cor.S-ner.apcx notched. 

hairy. ov. obt. hairy, 3-4-nerv, ( 



EOCBILUS, EUCH'ILUS. Cal.bihib.li.cltft, Sltj.aal-ihaii. SUg.timpU. Ger.l-tedtd. 
obcordatns. b.c- obcordatc-lv'd. nedgc-shap.viU.nndc. yi.pv. 4. S. N.Hcdl. IMS. G.£. S 

JACKSONU, JACKS ONIA. CaL B-part. t^H. PH.Aead. Ger.i-utdtd. Sly.fitiform. 

Iredcniita. DC. reticniate. lano. pong, reticol. fit. 9. 8. N.B.W. 1823. G.£. UfU 

1 



DarMnn reticuUta, Sm. 
^nusa. R.Br. tpiny. Br.ipiny.atigDl.forked, 4. 9- N.HoU. 1803. G.£. attit 
PODALYRli,PODALVRIA. CaLb-cU^l.untq. Cor. papilionocM. Leg».vent. Kuny-tttJtd. 
bniil^ia. B.n. Box-leaved. ov.llat.muc.silkybeD. pur, 5. 9. C.B.S. 1T90. O.^.Pn'tlM 
Myracifulia. n,M, Storax-leaved. ov.GUip.rctic.)Sr.aueii. /. 5. C. N.HrtL 5rti«,« 



DECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



IT] 



Noilve 



Pri>pu^1liil* I 
VS, A'OTUS. I'ai. S-forled, hUabiult. Slyltfitif. (ierauit Speeded. Legume i-valted. 
. B.M. villoiis. ov. ellip. rough ahove. y«l. 4. 0. V.Die.l9.1T90. O.^.Leam^prat. I 
%. DC, twiggy, liiberculHled, rough. i/el. 1824, G.S. tutlingi. 

[than long. 
AXtA, BCTAXIA. CaL 2 lipped, upper emargimlc, hmer i-ttfft. Standard ; a iittle broadet 
■i. Baxter't. obo.1an.niac.enl.smlh. ;W. 4. S. N.HoU. 1829. O.Si. Pcatlfloallh. \ 

iBIia. B.M. MjTlle-IcaTeJ. lane. oboT. inDcr. yel.6.a. 1803. G.£. tutlingt, 

IH. Swt. pang«nt'leavGil.ver.adcu.sDilh.eilj:.rcv. tfil. IB2S. G.S, 

■WVNIA, DILLWY-NIJ. Cal.S-cl^. Pelale iaiKTi. in Ihc tube o/the CiJsx. Capsulei-Mtedei. j 
loda. Ex.B. nian;-fl<mcrcd. Bwl-«hap. muc. rongh, jri. 4. 8. N.B.W, 1794. G.S.Loani ^ ]irat, 

TinM. a.u. smooth, filif. Hnth. crecL ytl. 1800. G.^. eattitigt. 

ti«a.B.c. Juoiper-leaied. filif. ipread.acnt. yel. t. S. IBIS. 0.%. 

ifiB. B.M. small -leaved, short, tpread. decnss, yel. 6. T. 1800. G.St. 



B.R. winged, item* erec .spread .leafla. y4l. 4. 5. N.Holl. IBI8. O-S. Sandy loom 

itis. B.C. needle-leaved, lin.marg.revol.clent. y<l. 6. 8. N.S.1V. 1804. G.^. andpeat. 

la. B.B. conlate-leaved. cord.acnm.aoipl.snith. yet. N.Holl. 1824. O.jt- cuttingly or 

MMLSm. forymb-flow'd. lin. oblong, acnte. yel, A. 9. N. 8. W. 1804. 0.^. leeii. 

ba.c glancoiu, lin. lane. glau. ytl. 1813. 0.£. 

k linear-leaved, lio. ent. smooth. ytl. I82S. G.*. 

%.%(. Fune-llke, lin.lan.; Br.spio. spread, yel. 1T92. G.^. 

•TSKMAfPUtTEKMA. Cal. S-parted, hibet ei/ual. Style aict-ihaped. Ciipiiilciaiile,3-Keded! 

k I.e. two-labcd. wedg.-sh.Bp.2-lo.silk.ben. y. t. S. N.HoU. 1818. G.^. Sanilg loam 

h, B.C. while-leaved, lin. ciliat. in eluetcrs. ytl, 1824. G,^. If peat, cut- 

a. PC. toutiied. Ua. tubercu. smth. ytL 1830. G.£. tin^i undtr 

ladcs. «.!(. Daphne-leaved, obov. abl. smth. point, yrt. G. T. N.S.W. 1TQ2. G.£. n bell-glau. ' 

.Sib. fragranL obo.liD.glau.smlh.muc. yel.i.A. 1801, G.^.in amdyOiill .' 

M. s.H, cbafiy. lin. smth. apexpoint. yet. i. T. 1789. G.^.atriktfreely. 

nlita. B.N. pcdancalatcd. liu.lanc.flat, hairy, yd. 1821. G.5. Thtpla«tt 

S.B. retuse-leaved. lin. retiue, smth. flat, jiW. 4. S. 1789. G.§~. frequenlty 

l.M. nprighL Bllip. obov. mucr. smth. yei. 1803. O.^. ripen letdt. 

Ba. a.M, slendcr-leavcd. lin, awl-shap. haiiy. yeJ. N.Holl. leiB. G.£. 

?ROl.OBIUM, SPH£ROL'OBIUai. Cat. S-parl. s-lippcd. Legume round, l-2-seed. pediiait, 

UK. S.N. yctlow-flow'd. Un.ent.Bnilh.aess.polnt.yi'.^ii.t. 0. N.S.W. 1802. G.^.Loaml^peat. 

secdi, or cuttingi. 



BOLOBIUM, GASTROVOBWM. Cat. 2-lippeil, I 
I. B,K. Iwo-lobed. «edgc-Bb.reta.eiiiar.bih).v^'4. J, N.HoU. 1801, O.^. Sandy loam 

and peal, ttedijor cuttingt, 

[men o/i tecdt, 
•L'OBIUU, PODOLOBIUM. Cal. bUabiate,S.pantd, upper lobe b\fid, under Spatted. Gcr. 
liyllaDi.B.B. piiogent'lv'd. opp. rig. trif. spiny. ytl. S. 4. N.S.W. 1881. G.$. Sandy loam 

VBL B.K. three-lobed. opp.dent.spiny^sub-S-lo. jet, 4. 9. 1791. G.|^. andpeat. 

cuttingi, or iteda. 
^OBltnt, OXYL'OBIUSI. Cal.S-parled. Cor.kttteompT. Legume nearly niri.ailhminiyuedt, 
Rcm. B.M. tail. lia.lntic.cdgesreciirT. !r«'. 5. 6. V.Die.Isl.1803. O.^. Light Uxin 



m DECANDRIA M0N06TNIA. 



Tmm M CMM Mmmk Xattvc YtJ&t S«a 



eofUMtmLB^np, htmv^e^td. ow. cord, pilofe. jc. 4. 9. N^.W. 1M7. G^j^Jj^pmL mdt, 
ttthmm* %^n* ttUme^tawtd* ow. €kL ttlmae. «r. 4.5. 181S. 0.§^.iMmmi^mh^ 

GOMPHOVOBWM, GOMPUOLOBIUM. CdU ^-ftrUd, mtmr^ tfmL SUgwmtu^. 



l^libr H— i. PC> flM0Clu piiiii.iiiS|Nun,leaflJiii. fcL 4. 9. N. HdL 1814. 04^.PMff 

0BaMftrMk».s. grcat^iloirercd. lio. acute. ye^* t- 9. N. 8. W.180S. 0.f^ «mA^i 

Kaiglirtfc— .>*». Mr, Kaighft. tern. pin. leaB. obor. pic. 8. 1830. O-ft. 

ipottod. fin* tern. fmth. yci. .... G. j^ 




BUACUYBBMA, BRACHYaKHA. Cal.S-partedymUaUmmeftud. BUmimrdtkmier 

lirtr>»<w. 8.K. braad-lesired. or. flat, eot. ac. 4. 7. N. HolL 180S.6.|b^PMf f i 
wadMtmm^BtU* wired'leafed. ellip. wavy, silky ben. p,ye.2.7. 18S0.G.|b-«l. 

CHORIZEMAf CBORWEMA. Oa.S-farted. Cor.o/tpettd$. Keel shorter thm ike wh^ 

HmKkmkmlLm.tu Mr.Hendunann't^uricQl. haiiy. ee. N. HoO. 18S5. G.|b.Patf f < 

UkiMtL Holly-leafed, obi. prickly. ;5<t|>.mina.9tf.S.10. 180S. G.^ 

dAim« 8.if« dwarf. linoat dent spiny, ye.red. G.l^ 

rlitebea* ««•« few-flowered. elUp.roucr.hair.; «^.twin.y. 4. 6. G.^ 



TguUked 
CALLTflTACHYH, CALLl'STACHYS. CakbiUihiate, upper lip bifid, umder l^perted. 

iMMolAta. 8.ft« spear-leafed, opp.lancacnni. jfd. 6. 8. 1815. 0.fb*Lmm^{ 

ovAta* ••M« ofal'leaf ed. obof . roucr. tern. yeU — — — -» G.^ 



VtRQrUA, VIHOVLIA. Cal. S-parted. Cor, qf S petals. Legume compressed^ wmny seeded. 
■6fM. Lam. yollow* pinn.lea6.opp.Of .obt. yel. 7. AbyssL 1777. G.|b« 

cap^mU. 8.M« Cape. pinn.; I«({/I.lanc.macr.pabe. 7. 8. C. B. S. 1767. G.j^. 



BAFTrSiAf BAPTrStA. Cal.4'S'Cl0. PetaU nearly equal. Legume veutricese, 

attttrillf. BiM, bltto-flowcred. plnn.smth.;2ea/}.obLobt.6Ztte. 6. 7. NAmer. 1758. H.9. 

•Mittita« B.V.O. tall. tcm.leafl.lanc.obof. blue, 1812. H.9. Seede,i 

nepal#niU. Ea.F1. Nepaiil. tem.;Z^.eIlip.lanc. yel, 6. 1810. G.i^ 

perf)Mlat8« n.k. perfoliate. orblc.perfol.entsmth. yeL 7. — — - l7Si. F.y. lii 

vlUAta. DO. fUlous. nriyseas.pub.npp.lan.obts^. 1811. H.||. 

KDW'ARDaiA^KDWA'RDSlA. CaL oblique, S-deni. PetalsS. Filam.10. Legume^lcOl^^ 

fhrysophy1la«N.ii.Koldcn-leafcd. plnn.lfl.obv.obt.Gllip.pllo. 9. S. Isla. .... F.|^.La«Bifj 

iremlKUMra. n.M. larKe^flowered. plnn.leafl. 17-81. obl.lin. y^ 1. 8. N. ZeaL 1771. F J^ 
iuloro|)hy'lla. h.m* small-loaved. Le«|/l.8S-41. obof .f 111. yek F4^. 

MAM' Y DA, SAMYDA. VoLfi^eleft.efAoured, Cer.O. CetpeuUrowsd^Afurrowed^l^e^Oed. 
•arrulAtAtlH iaw*leaved. of. obi. terr. smt. 7. 8. W. Ind. 17SS. 8.j^l^iff{ 

aOPWOHA^ SOPirOHA. Cal.5-dtuttd^c«mp€uulmte(Ubmse. Legume meckluee ihnped, 

alop#eiin»l«lea. l. Kox-tall, pinn.lfl. l5*95.obl. silky. wJ^ 7. 8. Lefanf. 1751. H.fM'Mti 

japAnlMU »,ii. Ja|Him«e, L0(/f,n>ll.obl.of.act.sra.v. 8.9. Japan. 175S. H.C. 

tmuMilte. u* downy. li(^.15-l9.of.obtlMiry.9(l. £. Ind. 1508. 8.|^ 

vi4ulliia« o.n. velvelly. plnn.;l#i|/(.ellipanii€r. jwr. 8. 7. NepanL 18S4. G4^. 



DECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



, JUDAS-TREE. Cat. S-lnothed. Pelals 5, 
, l. Csnadiaa. acmn. cord, imttl. 

■n. D.M. EaTopean. obt. smth. ent. 



i. 0. N.Anier. 1T30, H.£. Sandyloaia, 
S.Europ, 1506. H.^.uedioTlaye. 



■. DC. tree. Id two pnira. obi. tUI. yel. 0. S. N.SpaiD. 1820. S.£. Loara If Unf 

l.M. SoDlhcrn. |iiDn. leufl. obi. obt. yd. N. Hall. II424. G.i. meitld. evit. 

L. noolly-Ieaved. Ltafi.laS-painov.hztry.yel. 3. 8. S.Amer. 1823. S.^. 

B.Swt. Barclay's. pion.IeaB.opp.Un.buic. jrel. N. Hull. 1887. G.S. 

i>. L. two-capsuleil. Lcd^.iu3-pairs,obov.nulli. S. 6. V/. Ind. 1T3D. S-S- 

B. two-fiowered. i.ei(^,6-B pdw.ov.obl. yil. 12.4. 17fi«, S.S. 

DC. fanr-luH«ed. bijng. ov. obli^. yel. S. 4. SurinHin. 181S. S.^. 

•cdrjnu BatiHiu. B.a.. 

many- flowered. Leafi.lnSS p\unfi\AMocy<, i, 8. N.Spain. 1822. S.|}. 

Bb Mr. Herbert's. piDu.lcafl.lanc.nbav, yd. Barliade. 1821. S.£. 

*pnrple. in 5 pairs, ov, Ian. yd. E. lad. 1S23. S.£. 

Rnsciu- leaved. Lci{fi.in6 pairs, ov.]aa. yd. 5.1. Caracas. i8\6. G.S. 

large atipuled. X>e(i|I.m8pairs,ov.laii.>m.ye. Cliile. ITBC. S.$. 

Tors. inS pain,obaT.obt. yd. E.jDd. 109S, S.J- 



i'NJ.,POJNCIA'NA. Cal,Uavti5. PtlaUS,rt<aiud,ci 

I. »aperb. bipinn.leall.ov.obl. red MmlogH. 1827. 



i.Loamffpeat. 
ciittiiigi. 



hooded. pitin.;Jn{fI.ov.eltip,Bnitb. yd. E. Inil. 1892. S.^. Ptal It loam. 

•.Lsun. MimosB-leaTed. p>n.;Inijt.B-I3iiidr9,obl.obt.g. 1806. S.S. cuUingt. 

(. Nuga. X<a/IJ^3pain^,ov.acut. yd. 1801. S.^. 

!Af SCirOTIA. Col. coloured, 0/ & kapea. Pdalt S. FiiamentalO,amoolh. StyU JH\fi>rm. 
I.S. small-leaved. Lfaj(.7-10pain,OT.[anc. cr. 7.12. C.B.S. 1T59. G .^.Loamt; ptia. 
jBUa.B.M.Tainarind-lvd.Lfo^.B-lOpairs.ov.ubt. cr. S. 9. 1795. G.£. cuttingt. 

IVLLVM, BEAN CAPPER. Cat. qf& Uara. Prt . 5. Capi. obi. i-iided, S-ecU'd, ^ 5-ho/dU 
white. iia's.leafl.roBnd.fleshy. ur. 10.11. Egypt. 1770. O.^. LoamSf leqf 
t. four-teaTcd. in2'i.leal].obuv.stalk. yd. 5. 7. C.lt.S. 1732. 0.$. mould, cut- 
B. SiM. leuUc-lcaveil. conJug.seEs.leall.Dv. yd. 7. 8. 17IB. G.S. (in;«. 

!SVS,FRAXINELLA.Cal.!i-leartd,d£culii. CBr.qfS-clawedpdali,tiiieqiial.Caps.&,iu,ilcd. 
I. ll.D. narrow- leaved. pinD.leafl.obl.laD.scr.dot. pu, 6. 7. Siberia, 1829, H.)), Light loan. 

white. pinn. leafl.DV. serr. tcA. S.Europ. IA9G. H.)9, teedi, nr 

. Fen. red. {nan. leafl. ov. serr. red. H.p. part. root. 



■potted, 
am belled. 



uieg.K. 7. N.Amcr. 1732. H.^. Peal toil. 
cullijigij Mtda, sr 
r. gj-.u', 6. B. H.|f|.part,p?oiiU, 



100 DECANDRIA DIGYNIA. 



ORDBR II. 



DIGYNIA. Styles 2. 

Syitematic Bnglisb Form of CoLof Month Native Tr.or Sofl 

Name. Name. Leaves, Ac. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. 



CUN(yNIA,CUN(yNIA. Cat, 5-parted,lobes oftenartieulated. PetaU obt.alUrn. with the ctOgxykk 
cap^osis. B.R. Cape. pinn.;2M/}.obl.coriac.8eiT. w, 5. 7. C.B.S. 1816. G.|^. Petimd 



HYDRA'NGEAyHYDRA'fiGEA. Cal. S-parted. Cor.o/i equal pet4d*.St4iM. 10. Sty. 2. 

arbordsoent. b.m. tree. ov.8ubcord.Dpp.lanc.den.io. 7. 8. Virginia. 1736. H.|^.j 

cord&ta. Ph. lieart-leaved. ov.cor.aca.dent.8m.beD.irA. Carolina. 1806. H.^,cmtim$tif0 

hortdntis. b.m. diangeable. oy. dent. acut. pk, or blue. 4. 9. China. 1788. H.^.tmekenjimii 

qnerdfolia. b.m. Oak-leaved. ov.8ina.lob.den.pUo.ben.irA. 6. 9. Florida. 180S. H.|b* the ml 

radlto. w. rayed. ov.acam.den.wliite,ben. wh. 7. 8. Carolina. 1786. H.|b« 

faunnf 
TELLFMAfTELLrMA. Cal. H-toothed. PetaU 5, jagged. Styled. Stigma oMgular. CapnUl 



grandifldra. b.b. laiige-flowered. cord.iob.dent.pilose. re.st, 5. N.Amer. 1826. H.||. , 

ueds, orpartmgrmt ! 

[Capeule l-celled^ ^'Valved^vahMsmmmA 
TIARBLLA^ TIARKLLA. CaL&'parUd. PetaU 5yifuerted in the calyx, entire. StamenalO. SljUt-] 

eordifdlia. B.M. heart>leaved. cord. acut. lob. dent. irA. 4. 5. N.Amer. 17S1. H.Jf. Semdymi 

Memi^aai. Pli. Menzies's. ov.cord.aca.lob.dent. irA. 1812. U.9* «a4 petA 

trifbliita. Ph. three-leaved. tem.leafl.narr.serr.pU. wA. 1826. H.Jf.diM^ei 



MTTELLAj MITE'LLA. Cal. campanul. S-lobed. Pet. 5'toethed. Cape. l-eeUed, with ^^ 

conKloiia. w. heart-leaved, cord. S-lob. dent. irA. 4. 5. N.Amer. 1812. H.||. lAgki 

^BfkfBtL B.R. two-leaved. cord.lob.8err.liairy. irA. 17S1. H.9. 

■^da. w. naked. renif. lob. obt. irA. 6. 8. H.||. diMiagd 

pTMtriUB. prostrate. alt cord, rotand. wh. 5. 6. 1812. H.9* fmL 

peotindra. b.m. five-stamened. cord. lob. cren. irA. 1827. H.||. ■ 



GYPS(yPHILA, GYPS(yPHILA. Cal.ofHet^, campmiulate. PetaU5. Cap.gMif$e,l<Hk4. 

areniria* dc. sand. liD.fle8hy,8mth.flat wh. 7. 8. Hangary.1801. H.||. Smiiy 

d&bia. DC doabtfal. lin.thick.8m.Pet.notch. wh. 5.9 1815. H.^p* 

proatrita. B.M. creephig. iin.lanc.nnth.;<tMiprost.6A.7. 9. Sibera. 1759. H.||. 

mf fraga. dc. unall. lin.rigid. ; stem erecstiff. bh. 7. 8. Gemiany.1774. H.||. 



\ 




[^l-eeU. 
DIA'NTHUS, PINK. Cal. tubular, S't09thed. PetaU S^notched. Germen on $k»n tteUtf. 

▲rmirla. b.b. Deptfbrd. awl-8hap.flow. loose baD.red. 7. 9. England H.fl* AaMl^lHii| 

alpinnt. dc. alpine. lancsmth. ; ttem 1-ii'd. red. 5. 6. Aastria. 1759. H.||. €md k^ 1 

alp^ttria.DC. field. lln. lane. smth. r«d. 7. 8. Taaria. 1820. H.J^ BMaNL j 

Brfo4scola. B.R. shrubby. lane. smth. ent par. rvii. 6. 7. China. 1824. H.fr aurfsysrirf^ 

bsH^Alns. B.M. bfMirdiHl. Uno.flowers In chister. pA. 6. 7.6emiaBy.l75S. H.^. li^ftMair 

1. jUre plena, dauble^Jlowiring. kni-gkmm^ 



DECANDRIA DIGYNIA. 101 

Systematic Englith Form of CoLof Blontb Native Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Name. Leaves, Ac. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propasation. 

BalbisiL b.f.g. Balbis's. opp. lane. Un. acut. red, 6. 7. Genoa. 1827. H.|l. wiU root 

bfeolor. dc. two-eoloored. awl-shap. pabes. wh,p» 6. 8. Tanria. 1818. H.9* Jretly^ 

Caiyopliylhu* E.F1. Clove. lin.chaii.deptaHM»e.tpfcipiir. — England H.9* ■ 

0. fiorepUmo, Canuitunu ■ .... H.^. ■ 

/rvHconif. tree, — .... H.|^. ' 

csaios. Br.FL moontain. lin. lane margin rongh. nw, 6. 7. Britain H.9* ■ ■ 

csQimis. hiD. lin.lane.Flow.incla8ten.trA. 7. 0. Hungary. 1800. U.9> — - 

canp^itris. dc. field. awl-shap. ; «tm. hairy, wse, 7. 8. Tauria. 1815. H.9. ■ 

delt6ides. E.F1. maiden. lin.lan.down.;«<ifu.decum.ro. 6.10. Britain. .... H.||. 

fiBbriitns. B.M. fringed. awl*8h.roiigh;<<m.8ab.8hr./if.6. 8. Iberia. 1802. H.J^. 

flKkM. B.F.G. Flacher'a. opp.lanc.acut.glaa.l-ner. lu Riusia. 1826. H.9* 

gHwcMi E.FL f^acoos-lv'd. glao. the lower obi. obt. irA. 6.10. Britain H.9. 

glg^ft^w, gigantic. broad.lui.acnt.8mth. «c. Bulgaria. 1827. H.^. 

DC broad-leaved. obL lane. S-nenr. red. 6.11 H.9* ■ 

DC. rock. awl-8hap.ent.8mth.nerv. ph. 7. 8. Hungary.1804. H.9* 

fitflifer. E.B. proUfenu. lin. lane, serrul. pk. England H.9. 

fibdicciM. pubescent. opp.striat.apex.8ubul. red, • 1829. H.^* 

npCilNU. DC. superb. lin.awl-sh.;«^.manyfl'd.ir. 7. 0. Europe. 1596. H.9* 

MWHlnni DC. late-flowering, glau.lin.awl-sbap. wh,pk, 7. 8. Hnngary.1804. H.9. 

8tiiri)<igiL DC. Sternberg's. lin.;«<iii.2-fl'd.petalsserr. rf. 1825. F.9. 

[calyx. Capsule qfl cell, 

UfOKARIAy SOAPWORT. Cal, qfl leqf, 5'ioothed, Petals 5^ obtuse. Filaments as long as the 



,M. cUmmy. opp.ov.the upper cord. r^. 5. 7. Tauria. 1823. K,l^, Sandy loam, 

we. yellow. crow.; «fiii.leaves op.li.1an.y. 6. 8. Switzeri. 1804. H.^* parting at 

B.M. Basil-leaved. ov.lanc.8mth.l*nerved. r«if. 5. 7. Europe. 1768. H.9> '^^^^9 ^ 

cuttings, 

[with 2 styles. Capsule rf2 beaks, 
SAXFFRAGAy SAXVFRAGE, Cal, in 5 segments. Petals 5. FtlamenislOy awUshaped, Germen 



i-T. yellow. alt lin. fring. fleshy. yel, 7. 8. Britain H.9. Sandy loam 

rfilaii L.T. involute. 5-clefl,upp.3-cIeft. wh, 6. 7. Ireland H.9. and peat, 

Afaodn. L.T. large-margined, lingu.with cartilag.teeth. wh, 5. 7. Pyren. 1731. H.9. dividing the 

L.T. Androsace-lv'd. lan.obtbairy;«fiii.2-fl'd. wh. 5. 6. Switzeri. 1792. H.9. plants at the 

L,T, rough. lane. alt. ciliated. wh, 8. ■ - ■ 1752. H.9. roots, 

I. tufted. crowd. 3-5 parted. wh, 5. 6. Wales H.9. 

B.B. drooping. renif.palmate,npp.trifid.ioA. 7. Scotland H.9* 

coBtopiiy'lla. I..T. shining-calyz'd. 3-lob.lobescut,8eg.falcate.fo. 5. 6. Spain. 1804. H.9. — ^— 

L.T. smooth. 5-cleft.8egm.lin. wh, 6. Scotland H.9. 

L.T. long-stalked, lower leaves 3-5 cleft. ir&. 5. 6. .... H,^, 

fwalita. E.FL white-meadow, lob.kidney-shap.hairy. wh, 5. Britain H.^. 

02nB» £»FL kidney-leaved, orbi.orkidney-8h.cren. ir.re. 6. 7. Ireland H.9. 

Hiiciiliis. E.FL yellow-marsh, alt.lanc.8mth.ent. yel, 8. England H.^* ' 

Mnftte. hairy. ov.cord.at basCySerr. car, 5. 6. Ireland H.9. 

UflB. I.T. rough. S-5cleftyhairy,lob.ellip. wh, .... H.^. ■ ■ 

lfpMMei.£.FL Ladies Cuahion.lin. ent 8-fid. tcA. 4. 6. Britain U.9. 

henrifBliai s.f. incurve-leaved. 5-cleft, palm. wh, 6. Ireland H.9. 

laimlmn E.FL bright green. 8-5-cleft, segm. lin. wh, 5. 6. Scotland H.9. ■ 

— icinliUi L.T. mossy. obl.obt.3-fid.;«<iii.2-fld. w,y, England H.9. — — — 

•Mfiib L.T. clustered. orbi.obov.8err.ent«atba8e.io. 6. 7. Britain H.9* 

•ppoMtlfilia. £.Fl.oppo8ite-leaved*opp. imbr. ov. pier. 8. 4. .... H.9* r- 



IF 




DECANDRIA DIGYNIA. 


■^ 'T^r 


Engliib 


Form of CqI.d( HoDib Nallv* Vfjif gcai mi 












in 3 Un. MEDi. pub. wh. S. 6. Scotland H.^. 


platypttota. L.T 


broad.petai'd. 


S-S-cleft, hairy. u^h. «. .... H.J. 


pyKm sea. E.D. 


dwarf. 


Un.lane.ent.or trifid. ah. S. 6. .... H.J, 


rctisa. t.T. 


rptuse -leaved. 




Ttvnliris. b.b. 


Brook. 


palm,; rt™iBing.2-fld. u-ft. — ScoUnnd H.a. 


MelUris. 


starry. 


»cdge-«h.angnl.»err. kA. fi. T. Britain H.jl, 


^^^trldutyVtM. 




rFibimrnfii S.10. Capture o/ 1 ceU <n<f 3 rata 


^^r CHRYSOSPLE-Nirm, GOLDEN-SAXIFRAGE. Col. coloured i^f I leaf, lorn parlid. Ctr.tM 


1 BlternlfSlinm. E.FI. ■Itefnate-lv'd.rcnif. lob. bury. y<f. 4. 5. Britain .... H.p. J$a>i<ry J«a1 




1 




[Cap^e««l, ef 1 «U. anf 2 MritJ 


^m^aCLERANTHUS, KNAWEL. Col. B-parfed, riiW al lAe ta«." Cor. 0. FUanunUfiomiuM^ 


^B perfuDia. E.Fl. 




lin,awl-ih.curY .crowd. 8.0. .... Tip 1 ..HI iM 


ORDER III. ^ 


^^^^^^^k 




H 


^^^^^^ 




TRIGYNIA. Styles 3. ■ 


^H aiLPNE, CATCHFLY. Cal. 


aneiiiaT,5-i:Uft. PttaliS,aMloi>g(uthecatsx. CaynU itightlj ytO^ 


^y inglicB. E.Fl. 


EDglUh. 


lan.lowcrobov.acuUenLu>.r(. 6. 7. England H.a. Jtiatiflfl 


Ann^ria. dc. 


commoa. 


ov. obi. KM. glau. par. 7. 9. .... H.Z.inL ftdiM 


■cinlu. E.FI. 


moaa Canipio 


.opp.lin.acut.mng. roj. 0. tl. Britain H.J. eutlmgK M 


comp^cta. DC. 


cnmpact. 


cord.ov.snilli.glau. mar. Ruswa. ISIO. H.B. 1 


cteicB.e.B. 


Itriated. 


Eesa.liD.lanc.acuL pur. fi. 7. England H.3. ,U 


iHiniata. b.r. 


cut-flowered. 


lane. Bcut. pobes. k. T. Mi^xico H.9. M 


mritinuu K.a. 


tea. 








natans >.b. 




dlip.lanc.do«-n.fl. rfro<.i..«A. 6. 7. .... H.». V 






in.lln. laoc. cuaeal. pfc. 0. B. Auierica.lBOS. H.j. ^ 


pallia. 




HpBt. pubes. irh. 0. 7. Hungary.1804. H.|). 1 




E.B. niriegated 


lancobt. ; .i«B. liairy. 0. 8. England H.a. J 


arfittun/J, 


STITCBWORT. Cal.5-parted,eimcaBt. Cm:itficletmpitiili.~Nat.Sglmd4, C«^ 


cenutuldei, e.b 


Alpine. 


ellip. Unc piibei. uh. 6. B. Scodaud H.||. SaaJflM* 


glafKa. E.B. 


glaucous. 


llu. lane. glan. u-fe. 5. 0. Britain H.J.' inilpait. 


giamioea. «.B. 


Iciuer. 


lan.ucu.en.al«utlin.long.«'.4.6. .... H.p. dirHin 


faolMca. E.FI. 


greater. 


lane, semil. glan. k\. .... H.j. pteOa. 




wood. 


cord.slalk.upp.w»».ov. wh. ™ .... H.». 




maoj-Btalked. 


Itif I eeU, and 3 volrtt, wdj-^ 


^^B .iKEN'jlR/J, 


SANDWORT. 


Cat of S painted Uata. Prt.S, uaditrid^d. Ntcl.S er 10 gtaadt. 


^H Meirica. DC. 


Majorca. 


o>.9talk.vill.[>cdnn.elong. ic. S. 9. Miyorca. ITST. H.p. S—i$ «) 


^HdlUta. E.FI. 


ciliated. 


3paticab.i.t™.pro.downy.ie. Ireland R.y. «mAs '^ 



r 


DECANDRIA TBIGYNIA. 


103 ^1 




Ca«U>h 


Fonaar 


Ctj-t MMCk KlUn »1.W 


SMM ^B 


*. 




Lmn,*!. 


n». ^n cmmit, tMM. 




B.F1. 


Wd-topptd. 


awl-itLa-ribb.a( bMc 


■A. 5. 6. Scodnd. .... 


H.a. r«-. 








H-P. ptatt. ,| 


Fl. 


ml. 




H-a. ^ 


liikE.FLTliyBK.Iea*cd. 




. ■». .... 


H.a. H 


PC 




w*.5.flL .... 


H-V- ■ 


.E.FL 


dender. 


Btiri-ib.iM>.(briu<L 


wL S. g, E*^lnd. .... 


H.a. ^ 


FU 


.priQg. 


3wi-^ aciiL -Mh. 


mA. 4. S. BrilHB. .... 


H-p. 










eiOA, 


CB£Ri,E-RJJ. Cat f^5 MWot btru. r«r. a. ,V«^. S <btn 


.fi-^r^«fi 


E.n. 


mowy. 


IiD.nl-ilLaUEaenlLyrI^.8.9. Bribot. .... 


H.9.S«M^^. 


•LUS, 


TBRYA'LUS. CoJ. S-c(<A, bw^mL . 


Pet. S,tmlms cIhv. Cnm i^rBtd. Sty. S. 


\tbju»JL.A«t-,pk^ 












«««n. 


trCBU, BRUNNrCBLA. CL S-df/l; ualricMr. C«r. 0, !>«. S.«rwn^ l-oO. 1.«n^ 


*.«. 


Otndim. 


cord-H^tLamli. 


jr. Can«BLl78T.G 


re^.nttimgt. 


rcsiA 


, BJif/OT-rnU. CW. S.p«rtn*. Pd. rn-rf«L fiXm. €^->i^a 


\,i^t4athmM. 


liiiut.DC. Homboldf t. 


or. «>nL pobe*. 


yri. ....E.AB>er.l8W.S 


l.S.d.1— *«t. 


B.R. 


hajr-leaTcd. 


m.M.Kat-smOi. 


,d. H. 9. JiDuk^ ITU. S.^d. Mliifi. 




diining. 


ellip. «n™. d,in. 


yrf. Br>dL IBO*. S.^-'l. 


.DC 


ntleiKlid. 


cord. rcoiT. mih. dent. jd. . . . . S. Amer.IMS. S.^^tJ. 


C0U, 


BJRBXDOES-CHERAr. C^.rfi lata. PiL i, r»i»fr.*. Rh-. niu^ Ay.S. 


ILBX. 


■urrow-lMfod. 


Sn. bnc hisp. 


Bl. T. t. W.Iod. 17TT. 


S.$. «ni(9 Imm 


,B.R. 


keimei OaL-M 


. <n. UMb. (pin. 


HL..-.8.Anitr.m>. 


S.i. a^ptat. 


.B. 


printed. 


dnp.dun.luui^ bui. 


UJ.9. 8. V.Ind. 18U. 


8.*. nUt^^ 


■ . 


•falDing. 


obm^ndf-enLmiai. 


jk.S. 8.E.lDd. 1IS9. 


S.i. 


B. 


M-mpng. 


obUpp-pricklybeu. 


rM. 8.9.S.AiDeT. ITSr. 


S.i. 








r Drnr i^rlltJ. •mJ t-m^td. 


vnu. 


, £KR£0>'IlfJ. CaLS-partti. Pet.davtd. SlaCniiM at 


(fc* i«. «ly. a. 


rTU.BC 


. K»l<la>-len«d. 


ot>l.aIky, nulj bea. 


jtL 8. OriDoeo. 18». 


8.i.Pc-(ft W*. 


IC 


ck^L 


«bL lane imUi. 


tor. CniaDa. ISJI. 


S-i. «idV- 


i 




ORDER 


V. 


I 




PENTAGYNIA. 


Styles 5. 


■ 


HffA, 


JTERRHO-J. 


Sfp. S. Pet. S, tjmmd. 


Slam. iaacTl. la a ntUngU 


r Apple ittrKTtJ. ^^M 


u 


BilimUtree. 


t^iin.lexa.OT.Iai>ua<lli 


. rt.B.9.E.iwii».ir!n. 


8.».P«l^lMm. ^H 


l«.»c 




I. ITM. 


8.£. (aUiivi. ^^1 


CDOitf 


, NAVEL-WORT. CJ. i-p„rUi. Cor 


. kU-^ipal. S^lcfl. Crr>. S. £(f . C. C<tpt.i. ^H 


>.k,ik 


Uumog. 


c<uita.obl.>cain.fl«>hj.^.re. S. C. B. S. 181S. 


0.».A«d)r iMiB. ^H 


1 




- »'«• l«. 


0.«,n.tf. rirud ■ ^H 



DECANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 



Enriiib 



Lntei 



dnniuata. b.h. crou-leatMl. Dpp.decasa.fleshy,glaa. red. 8. 0. C.B.S. 1819. G.^./fic d. 

hcmUpbK'rica. tbick-leaTed. half OTbict1)il,c]cirt.obov. ci. fl. 7. 17S1. G.^./ori 

lutes. E.FI. yellow. dent a little peltate. yel. England H.p. irili n 

vtlnbfliciu.ii.F.W all. Peuny- wart, orbic. pelt, rrcii. gr.ijet. Brilaiu R.p.ilni 

m dnid. ft 

{compreiitd. Stediim 
SEDVM, STONE-CROP. Cat. deqily S-cU/t. PetaltS. Nectary a amall nelcked tale. CaptiiU^ 



inglicam. nc. 


EBglLh. 


ov.fle9hy^mtti.3lt. vA. B. 9. England H.f . &'<uJy (mmJ 




wbite. 


obl.cyUDd.ses3.smth. if ft. 0. B. • - - .... B.^. JirufiMf | 


Anacimpeertii.DC. eTergreen. 


cuneif-nearly scsi. pur. France. 1596. H.^. ncu. ^ 


daiTphyllura.B.H 


. thick-leoTed. 


opp.ov.fleshy,»es8. icA.rtJ. 6. 7. England H.j. 1 




K.Mr. Fonler'a. 


80bnl. spread. yel. Wales. .... H.». 1 






refl^KniD. £.B. 


reflex- leaved. 


subul.loweronesrecurve.stl. — Britidn H.fl. ■ 


n.p&t«. B.B. 


rock. 


subul. BCatt. glaa. yel. England H.p. — I 




. insipid. 


in 6.T rows,cyrLnd.aesby.ye;. .... H.p. ■ 


TelepMiim. E.o. 


Orpine. 


flat. serr. smth. p«r. 8. 9. Britain H.ip. ■ 


vUlognni. E.FI. 


villom. 


obi. flat, above. r««. .... H.p. fl 


ECHEVE-RIA 


ECBEVE-RIA. CU. 5-parUd. PetoU S. Stamen, 10, ,fc«r(«- than (Af ^Mk | 


co«c<neB. DC. 


scarlet. 


obov. fleshy, ncut. ic. Mexico. IBlfi.D.G.S. Saatf '•*■ 1 


Cotyledun c<kc 


Bta, B.M. 


oUtiap. 




gibbous- 11 ow'd 




gtandlflura. 




tliick, spiny. or. D.G.*. 

[Capmle icith S celU, and S ««« 


^H|0rXil./.9, WOOD SORREL 


Cal. 5-parled. Petal! S. Germen 3-angUd. Styles. Sligmtiim 


^^■BHsriciM. nc. 


American. 




"- cren&ta. oc. 


crcnste pclall' 


.lcrn.pubc».leQfl.obcord. ytl. Peru. 1829. G.^. awl iti^ 




yellow. 


alLaT.opp.stalk. gtl. S. 8. Britain H.V.moald.mm 


Di-ppd. O.F.O. 


Deppe-i. 




flilgida. B.R. 


crimioii. 


SMS. tern. rill. cr. 9.10. C. B. S G.p. from Uf 


^^^ rtiea. B.M. 


MM-coloured. 


lem.leaH.obcord.bairy. ro.. 3. t. Chile. 182Q. G.f. buOt. 


^B*ie%i>c. 


aprigl.t 


t«o;(.obcord.UmbcUa-6fl.y. 0. 9. N.Anicr.l6S8. H.fl. 


^^'riolicw.rc. 


nolel-coloured 


. tem.obcord.snith. Ji.pur. 5. 6, IT72. H.p. 

[«/l, J, orS«H*, S«ri.rra«Jji 


LVCHNtS, CAMPION. fuJ. 


a/l-lenf, obtuKg, i-toetlwd. PttaU S. Germen aval. Style i. Cufm 




Cliiuese. 


ov. acum. smth. *c. 6. S. China. 1T74. H.H. Liglit JMI 


^_ ftlg™. nc. 


fulgent. 


[S ™jr«. Se«U moBv, Wdn/y O^ 


^"JCHOSTfa/af^, COCKLE. 


Co/, riifted, 5-(oo(fc(d. Cor. q/' a o6t«« ptto/i. Cu|Uii;< </ 1 Mil a 


■ rfplna. 


Alpine. 


lin. lane, eioth. iMf. Scotland H.)|. Andy IM 


I^cftBUo/pJBB 




mA^M 


dioica. dc. 


red or while. 


ov. Bcut downy. u-h. BriUdn U.^. ftrtim' 


LyfAiiu dioica 




Mte 


(oedca. n.c. 


Swedish. 


lin. dolt.upp. opp. red. Sweden H.^- ■ 

[ment,\0.i,o,i. C<«Mae<^l<i 


CERASTIUM, 


MOUSE-EAR CHICKWEED. Cat. n/ S acute ttacei. PclaU i, el«rtn. FUtf^ 


•ItNDDni DC. 


Alpine. 




Brv^nie. e.b. 


field. 


[in. lane. olit. pub. wA. S. B. Hungary H.p. K«b *r dl ■ 


«]<.Wcam. E.B. 


waler. 


cord.Brut.iipp.seB«.baJry. <c. Britain H.V.r»tiw«lllr 1 


Utifuliani. E.B. 


broad-leaved. 


.... ..,__. ..,-| 


^^^^^^^^H 


^^^^H 





DECANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 106 

Ijnontlc Biglitk Form of CoiMt Month NaUve Ynof Soil and 

Nine. Name. Learetf&c. now. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

SPERGVLAf SPURRV. Od.o/5w.obt.lein!€$. Pet.5,eotU. Ger.ov. Sty. 5. Capi-t^leeU^fFStalv. 

M4dHuE.FL knotted. opp4iwl-thap.8iiith. vJk. 8. 0. Britain H,^. Smdy loam. 

mhn idg i, E.FL smooth. opp.awl-sh.amthJit4icnt.irik. 7. 9. ScotUmd H.9. ueds, or 

■balita. B.FL fringed. opp.awl-8hap.ciliat vik. 6. 8. Britain H.^.partimgat 

rooii. 



CLASS XI. 

DODECANDRIA. Stamens 12. 

ORDER I. 

MONOGYNIA. Style 1. 

£8ARUM,ASARABACCA. Cal.beU-sh.Z'Cl^^coL Cor.O. Ger. infer. SHg.e-elrf. Capi.<if6c€U$. 
[.E.FL Arom-leaYed. cord, hast smth. par. 5. 6. Carolina. 1818. H.9.Loam4rpM#. 



B.r.G. Canadian. cor.renif.snb.pnb.aboye.fM. 4. 7. Canada. 1713. H.9* dividing at 

'■m. E.F1. common. renif. shin. obt. pur. 5. England H.9« ''^^^ 

B.F.G. Virginican. orbic.cord.obt.ent. par. Virginia. 1759. H.9* 



MACLEAYA, MACLKA YA. Cal. qf 2 coloured deciduous leace$. Ger. compressed^ spathulate. 

B.Br. cordate. cord.lobed.dentglaac.ben.io. China. 1795. H.^* *- 

eorddta. l* 



lfySRUM,LYTHRUM. Cai.stria.wiih 12 teeth. Pet.6,u:av. Fil.\2. Caps.qf2ceUs. Seedsmin. 

•M. winged. opp. ov. obi. par. 5.11. N.Amer. 1812. F.|p. Light loam. 

B.r.G. spreading. opp. lane. smth. pur, 7. 9. 1822. H.9- cuttings^ or 

OiaftrL DC. Grvffer's. alt. lin. lane pur. S.Eorop. 1825. H.2I. dividing ai 

ij«B|iMWiHiii.B.B. Hyssop-leaved, alt. lin. kmc. obt. /t. 8. England H.2I. root. 

itofetm. upright. oT.opp.ent. ; «^.4-sided.pif. 6 1830. H.J- 

M ei ria , b.b. common. opp. lane. ent. pur. 7. 8. Britain H.tr.9* ' 

ih gtoiiu B.li. twiggy. alt. lin. lane. obt. pur. 6. 9. Europe. 1766. H.9* ' 

BKTMIA, HEFMIA. Braet.2. Cal.camp.e-clift. Pet. 6. Stam.\2. Ger, ussiUyA-ceOed. 

adUQ/bL Lk. Wfllow-leaTed. opp.or tem.lin.lanc. yel. Mexico. 1821. F.J^. 

TALrNUM,TALrNU3f. Cai.qr2 small leaves. Cor.qfbpets. Caps, ovate ^l-valved. 



DC. spreading. OT.lanc.sess.smth. r^tf. 8.10. S.Amer. 1776. S.li.Peat9fUiam. 

cuttings. 

WLA'KEA^BLA'KEA. CaLcamp.e-lobed. Pets.6. Caps.Q-ceUed. Seed ovate, angular. 

^kinkuDCm three-nerred. OT.obl.smth.shin. ros. 6. 7. Jamaica. 1789. S.at.Loamifpeat. 

cuttings. 

BALETSIAySNOW-DROP'TREE. Cdl. A-toothed. Cor.A-parted, Nect.A-sided,2'Seeded. 

IMplera. B.M. foor-winged. or. acnm. serr. trA. 4. 5. Carolina. 1756. H.Jb* Light loam. 

layersy or cuttings qf the root. 

ARinOTEUAyARlSTOTEUA. SepaUS. Pet. 5. Sty.tr\fid. Ber.Z-celled. Seeds2. 

Mie^ L. thining-leaTed. opp. ov. serr. shin. wh. 4. 5. Chile. 1773. H.|b- 

fsLwerigUia. variegaUd-Vd H.$. 

P 



DODECANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 



SfMrmallc 



En^lUb 



CVPHEA,CVPHEA. Cal.6-\i-taolktd. Fet. 6, itucrted in calyx. Ctifi.l-eeRti. 

Xlife«.B.R. two-petaled. o<r. lane ent. neut d.pur, 4. 5. Mesico. 1829. ¥.%Feall(kt 

Melvllla. s.B. Melville'*. lane. roug. atten. tc.gr. d. 9. Gaaaa. 18S2. S.^. < 

procbmbens. b.b. procumbent. OT.laDc.baii^ ; Br.proc. pk. Mexico. iBlB. H.a. 

HUD.VONIA,HUDS-ONIA. Cat.lub.5-paT. Pel.5. Fil.tkread->h. Capi.i.ciU.S-valT.vrilhi-Zti 



eiicoides. w. Hcath-leavcd. 

tomenldta. Swt.C. downy. 



ii.Bwl-sh.iinlir.pilose. gtl. - — ' N.Amer.lSDS. F.£. Sand, U 
v.obl.acut.closel.Imb.lmi.r). \6i6. G.£. 



CO-DON, CODON. Piriaiith.qnitnf,limb\2-chfl. Cttpi.2-attt4, md roHnJUk. 

Boyeni. yt. Royen's. alLcord.ov .spiny. rid.icli. 9. C. B. S. 1601. G.K.PmI^ In 



OUIi^ii. B.M. 



Dr. Gillies'. 
bUry. 



PORTULACA, PURSLANE. Col. S-pnrt. Prt.S. StiM.ikoTtirlhiaiprl. Ciipi.\-cetUd,»any-i 
anl-sh. smth. ent. yet. 0. S. Guinea. 1822. S.f. S<ndf Im 

cyllnd.obliq.compr. pur. McDiloza.1829. G.)}. ^ 

awl->h.axiIlan',pUi»e. nu. W.tnil. 1690. S.^. bitk. a 

TRWMFETTA,TRWMFBTTA. Cal.i/a Imwi. Cor. ./S prtali. Capj.prkWj, 

&imna.B.w, aimtial. nv. acum. serr. yel. B. 9. Java. ITOO. S.9. Airf^ll 

Lfippnla. L. small Bnrr. cord.orbic.dent.vill. tjtl.gr. Jammca. ITiO. S.£. ^p4 

obloDgilB. DC. oblong -learci!. obl.ierr.S-ncrv.bury. yel. 7. B. Nepaul. 183S. S.S. nrttian 
OTHta. DC. Dnl-leaved. ov. dent. vill. .... Bmzil. 1823. S.^. «er*"^ 

aELIOCARPUS,HELIOCARPUS. Co/. 4/'4 Imd. Fei.i. Sl3.l,bifid. Capi.camp.i-ctlHi 
cord.S-lob.Berr.smth. ich. G. 8. V.Cnu. 1TS3. S.^Xow^, 



ORDER II. 

DIGYNIA. Styles 2. 

CALLICOMA,CALLICOMA. Cal. 4-5-jwr(. Pe(.0. .S(a«.8-10, in«rt. in (fttculji. Gn-.oBo 
lerraUlolia. a.h. saw-leaved. obi. lane, serr, yel. 5. B. N. S. W. J79S, G.^.PtaH 



like jlanuB). Slig. udi> 
I AGiaXOmA,AGRIMONy. Cttl.S-part. Pel.i,«etch. F.ia./romTtoaO. G.t.S.3. SIj.mJ* 

common, pino. leaB. av. obi. s<l. 0. 7. Britain 11.'0. SmJj 



ORDER in. 

TRIGYNIA. Styles 3. 

RESEDA, ROCKET. Cal. in 6-T «ff- Pel.Jrom3to6. Fif.H-lS. Ger.ang. Sljl.S. C^.flfi 
UbB.9.1. white. plnr.lMfl.eHip. wft. S.ID. S.Earop.l5»6. H.B. 1«(1 

bipinnita. i.i. bipionatc-Wil. bipinaalif.iougb. 



B, Spain. IBie, G.$. 



tf^ 



Ifitematic 
Nane. 

liteob.£.Fl. 
lte.£.FL 

tJBIltl. B*M« 



Eaglith 
Name. 



DODECANDRIA TRI6YNIA. 

Form of CoLof Month Native Ynof 

Leaves, &c Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. 



107 

Soil and 
Propagation • 



Dyer's-weed. lanc.eiitl-tooUi.at base. it. 6. 7. Britain, 
base-rocket. trifid, lower pinnatlfid. yit. 7. 8. Britain. 



H.fl. 



Mignonette. 



ent 8-lobed, smth. ««. 6.12. Egypt 1752. H.SI. 



ORDER IV. 

TETRAGYNIA. Styles 4. 

CILLTGONUMyCALLrGONUM. CaL5-el^. Cor.O. Fa.l2'l6,unit.atbau. Ger.A-cor. Sif4. 
B.K. Pallas's. Fruit wing.wing8dent.^.tr. Cas.Sea. 1780. H.J^. Sandy ham. 



ORDER V. 

PENTAGYNIA. Styles 5. 

[many'Seeded. 
WUCKWELLIA.BLACKWELLIA. CaLnuny-parted, Cor.o/\Spet9. iSfom. 12-15. Cap9,rf\eeUy 



Lam. entire-leayed. oy. obt. entire. 



wh, 6. 7. Madagas. 182S. S. J^. 



[at apex. Cq>«.10-12-tfdW. 

GlSnmiAyGASramA. Cal.near.ent.plaU. Pet.6,ioonMingof. i9tam.5-9. Sty. tften parted 



B.U. palmate. eord. serr. 7-lobed. v/L^. 2.8. Chitta-gong.l818.S.J^. 



ORDER VI. 

HEXAGYNIA. Styles 6. 

iMPHALO^TUSy CEPHALOTTUS. Cat.^-clrf.hayry^eeg.ov. Pet.O. Fil.1%. Ger.w.9mth.l'ieeded. 

DC. pitcher-plant ellip.ent.petiol.pnr.crow.flr N.Hott. 1882. Q.'9» Saniy peat. 

offsetiyOfi 



ORDER VII. 

DODECAGYNIA. Styles 12. 

a- — ^w.-.^. [Seeds nnmeroue. 

imMPRRVrVUM, HOUSELEEK. Cai. qflleqr,in6to 12 amc. eegm. Peti.fiwn6to 12. Cape. 12. 

tree. cuneif. smth. ciliat ye2. 8.10. Levant 1640. Q.i^ Sandy eoU. 

HHpad^Uaoed. cMimge, or 

glntinoos. cnneif.obtciliatvisdd. yel. 7. 8. Madeira. 1777. G.Sb. parting at 

hairy. eUip. lane, hairy. s«. 6. 7. Italy H^l. rooL 

Smith's. ellip.ennr. yel. 7. 8. Canaries. 1815. G.^b. 

cofflOMML obL fleshy^ fring. roe. 7. Britain H.1I. - 

P2 



108 IC08ANDRIA M0N06TMIA. 



CLASS xn. 

ICOSANDRIA. Stamens 20, or more, inserted on the Cafyx. 

ORDER I. 

MONOGYNIA. Style 1. 

Sail 



ifftcattOe 


Ea<lUk 


Form of 


CoKof Month Native 


Yr^f 


Naac 


Name. 


Leaves, &c 


Flow. ofFL Couitiy. 


iBtrod. 



MAMMILLA' RI A, MAMMILLA'RI A. Cal^'&4ab.adker.toova. Pef.5-6. 8Hg.5'7'Clrf.mi. Bit, 

i 

coedneft. icarlet-flaw'd. Stem gXobui. t^ny. «c ChOe. 18S7. S.J^.ScMJJr iM|b 

eoronirfai* dc« the great Stemtimp. cylin. spiny, jc. 6. 8. Mexico. 1820. S.^^. wuxti •!• 

glofiierita« dc gloiiierate. iStfm taft.wart8glaii.pab. re. .... St.Doiniii.182S. S.|^. aftlUclrUr 
gemlnlfplna. dc. twin-tpined. . ^^emcolnm. wartssmalL re. 6. 8. Mexico. 1823. S.|^. rmbbUk, #. 

laolfera. D€. wool-bearing. £^teiiiiiim.ro.obo.war.woolly. — ^ S.|^. ifce aaH krt 

magnimifflma. DC. Urge-beaded. 5f em sab-glob, war .loose, re. S.|^. «li^p4rf ^ 

<Ae growih qf thii genus^ and other tribes beUmging to the Cmetem. Tkep 
Imi little water, if nutg be readily tacreosed btf $eed$, or cuttingo. 

MELOCA'CTUS, MELON-THISTLE. Cal.&'6'lob, petal-like, Pef.5-6. Stig. 5, radiate. Bit. 

eoiiiiii6Dis. DC. Turk's Cap. £r<eiiiov.orbi.l2 18-ang.spi.r. 7. 8. W.Ind. 1688. 8.|b* 

iineraeAntlias.DC.Iarge-splned. 5feiiiroand.14-ang.spin. re. S.Amer. 1820. S4&. 

pyramidilis. dc. pyramidal Steml7-Bng, ribsobKspin Carassao.1824. S.|b« 

plaeentlflhtnis. DC. black -spined. £^femroan.depr.l2-14-an.re. 7. 0. Braxil. S.^ 

CActue mgloc&ctut.\ht», 

8eU6wU. DC. Sellow's. Stem glo. rib.lO-aca.prick.7 M. Video.l 826. S. J^. 



ECHINOCA'CTUS, ECHINOCA'CTUS. Sep. num. imbr. the exterior incol. petal-like. Ber. 

acaitas. DC. sharp-ribbed. i9<em8ab-glo.glao.ribs20 M.Video.1826. S.Jb* — 

crispAtns. DC. carl-ribbed. 6ftemobo.ape.reta.ribs and. Mexico. S.|t. — 

gladlitns. DC. sword-s|)ined. 5femov.obI.glaa.ribsl4-22 8.|t. — 

latispinns. H.F. flat-spined. 5femdepr.witb21ang.spi.p« 1828. S.^ — 

orthacinthus. DC. straight-spined.iS<emdepr.ribsl8,obt.awl.7 M.Video.l828. S.|^ — 

Ott6nis.».M. Mr. Otto's. iS»em3-4-in.higfa.orb.l2-ang.y. .. Brazil. 1829. S.|^ — 

panispfoos. DC. sroallspined. iS<em sab-glo.ribsl5-comp S.Amer. 1815. S.|^. — 

CE'REUSf CEREUS. Sep. imbrie. numeroue, crowded in a long tube. Ber. tuberculaie. 

albiipinos. DC. white-splned. 5fem erec.9-10-ang. ribs obt .... S.Amer. 1822. S.3^.8md§ 

a6reas. DC. golden* splned. 5<emerec.7-8-ang.spi.elong 1829. S.g^.ifpeti/KiMtM 

cocdnens. DC. scarlet •flow'd. 5femelon.artica.8-ang. jc. .... Brazil. 1828. S.3^.wiik krkk 

chilo^nsis. DC. ten-angled. jrtemov.erec.withlOobt.ang Chile. 1825. S.^. r a lM ii. 

flavisplnns. DC. yellow-splned. 5tem erect, 8-10-angul S.Amer. 1822. S.g^ Tki$ af9 

flagelllfttrmis. dc creeping. 5<emlO-ang. war.crowd.spi. 8. 6. Pern. 1690. S.^. <«s% f^ 

graDdlflAms. dc. nlght-Bowered. i$lem5-6-ang. bristl.5-6. y.io. 6. 8. Jamaica. 1700. S.3^.pagwi§i If 

horltont&lls. horizontal. Bran. cyl. artic spiny ChUe. 1828. S.|^. oiltii^; k 

phyllanthofdes.DC. rosy-flowered. Brttii.ensif.com.obo.den. pie. 5. 8. Mexico. 1816. 8.^ arrtral if' 

CMue »peciitu$. »,m. Md wmri§» 

specioslssimns. DC beantifiil. Br«ii.eree.S-4-sid.ang.deD. 6.9. — — — — SJ^.tU$er9fr$* 

C^tui yc d as is sim at . b.r. 



^P ICOSANDRIA MONOOYNIA. 109 ^| 


Mble E^Uib Fnimot CoJ.u 


t Manlli NillvF yi,o( RolJ ud ^^H 
ur Fl. CoiiDir). luiiud. PiopxiUoa, ^^H 


4ta».DC. tnuiated. Broii.joiiit.obLtruiiCBte. er. 
thu iFWudtsa. b.h. 

m*. oc. imal! triangular. Bran.crcep.3 aid. prick Ji-7, 


T.U.BmU. 1816. S.£,«liy««fe ^^1 

le37. S.S. ■ ^^1 

7.B.V.Illd. 1690. S,£, ^^H 

lBt»9. S.*. ''^H 


mriA, INDIAN FIG. Stp.num.ptt.-tikt.ohov. SHg.. 


•nrct.Mick, B<r. iiRi(f,fi>^cuIu(£. ^^H 


uoc. Ihick-lobcd. S(™erec.j<4nt.oT.obl. yil. 
DlUifeni. DC. CocUnpBi. ««ierce.jointaov.obl. red. 
rtm wtAinH/i/ir. b.m, 

.DC. fordcioui. Jointaobl.elon. prickly, ytl. 
inriidicre.DC. ludianFig. Jointaov.obl. prickly, fd. 
lis. DC. nprt. apineleas, Jointaov. ellip. flesliy. ytl. 
data. Haw. spoar-leaved. 3 lines long. Joints Ian. ytl. 
xrm. oc. red^alemmed. Sln?uerec. Jointa.eloQ.com. 
dssima. DC. clnster-spiaed, Jolntsobl. ipineanDin. 


6. 9. Mexico. 1817, O.Jt. ^^H 

7. 9. 8,Ainer. 10S8. S.£. ^^H 

1817. S.*. ^^1 

0.T, 1731, S.*. ^^M 

7. 9. Cbile. 17911. S.S. ^^H 

S.S. — ^m 

Brazil. IB28. S-S. ^^M 

7. Jamaica. 1732. S.^- ^^| 

....S.Aincr. 1824. S.S. ^H 


1£SKIA,PER£SKIA. Sep.Kumy.Jiliform. Cer.nMt. 


. Sly.^liform. Ber.gMau. ^H 


ama. DC. large-leaved, obi. lane, dotted, 
ilwBfolia.Dc.Purslane-lv'd. obov.cuneat. prickly, pur. 
■Afilia, nc, round leaved. aub^irbi.macr.priclt.ax.j.K. 


6. Brazil. 1818. S.S, ^^| 

6.T. W,lnd. 1820. S.S- ' ^H 

Meuco. 1829. S.S. ^^1 


mA-LIS,RtlIPSALIS. Cai.HnlS-6.parI, Ptt.6,obli 


■<ig. 91iiin.12-18. Stig.Z-G,wprtadins. ^^| 


Wlb. DC. clustered. Bran, roand, crowd, pen. 


SAmer. 1800. S.S- ^H 


Vitas, PLUM. Cat.btU-tk.5-cU:ft. Cor. »/& cone. pti. Drvpt8light.nk.attktvu>rg.wUhletU. ^| 


kwa. B.R. snowy. elllp. obi. aerr, vh. 
iniaiiB. Carolinian. o». lane. aerr. «>h. 

Ha. E.FL BuU4ee-tree. ov. lane, aerr. downy, tch. 
aetntoi. cammon Laarel. ellip. aerr, shin. wh. 
. VATweAtUt tuTieguied-ic'd. ................ wA, 


6 1825. H.S- ^^1 

Carolina. 175B. H.S. ^H 

Britain H.S. ^H 

4. .... H.S, ^H 

4, S.Levant. 1029. H.S- ' ^H 

5. Britain H-S- ^^ 


ruti/Uio. jiamnc-UaTed vh. 




YOPffYLLVS,CLOV£-SPICE. Cal.i-part. PeH. 


GBr.et;.cy/i».2-««. B«r.(Hip.ii/"lj«d. 


Wmw. b.m. aromatic opp.ov.hn.shin.ent.amtb. w. 


Molncca. 1797. S.S.PMt If !«««. 

»t(.V.. ^H 


'TOKIA,BARTONIA. Cal.S-el<fl. Pel.many. Cnpa.l 


-<;f{J;dallAe£n<i,wilA)-SJi<J-IiftecaIc«fc ^^| 


fetak. B.», 


6. 9. MUaouri. IBll, F.e.5andy loan. ^^| 


rCDALVS, ALMOND. CaJ.S-tkfl. Ptt.i. Drupt,a«> 


i(pci/ora(ed an its surface, ^^^U 


lania. DC. Sweet-Almond, ov. aerr. glandular. pk. 
■ B.M. dwarf. or. scrr, linae attenuat. pk. 

lla*. aUverj-leaved. lane, ail very, cat. roi. 


3.1. Barbary. IS4S, H.Z..Sandy loam. ^^M 

Rns<ia, 1683, H.S- buddhg M, ^H 

- — Levant. IT^O. H.S- Hit bitter ^^M 

Almond, or Plum lioclu. ^^M 


StCA, POMEGRANATE. Cal.5-clf/t. Pet.a. Bir.ma 


uy-cellcd, many-ietdtd. ^^^H 


itam. w. common. lane. ent. imlb. ». 
Wa. icAHc. ah. 


e. 9. S.Earop. 1548. H.S- Lnam. ant ^^M 
ChiDB. ..., n.^. InfmouU. '^^M 




^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^1 



^H 110 ICOSANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 


^ 


^^^L ayiltinilli Eagllib Furm of Coljif M.nilli Nillve Yr.ot 


rSIA 




H.^.ei>ttiMn,t 
H.S. U,m 
F.i. 


^^^^^ 1. fliim. ytUoic-ftoaered H«l. -■■• 


^^ nSna. w. dwuf. Un. enl. amlh. red, B. 9. S.Amer. 1T2J. 


PSIDIUM.GUAVA. Cal.S-part. Pa.S. Stam.mmy. Sty.fiitform. Stig.capit. 




pol>cftrpon. B.B. nraay-fruited. or.obl.ocut. sub-civn. «-h. Trmidml. 1S09. 

pyrffcnun. B.R. Pear-fruited. OT.ellip. Bmtli. enL wA. 6. 7. W.Ind. 1658. 


S.i.t.«»«|«l 
Si. 1.,™ 1 


EUGENIA, EUGENIA. C«(. mp«r.«-, 4^r(,d. Cor.AfttaU. Btr.o/laU. S<rdioUury. j 


dliticha. DC. globe-bcrricd. distich. ov.liin.acu. smth. w/i. 1. 8. Jamaica. 17B3. 
iTyrtiii dliticha. 

Plm^oti.. oc. AlUpico-tree. ov.obl.Bmth.ihin. «>ft. S. 8. W.Ind. 1723. 
M-yrtut Pim^Bla. b.m. 


S.£. tuaat* ' 

o.». 

S.». 


ACM EN A, ACW EN A. Col. &-eleft,limb truncate. Prf.S.jmaB. S«y.»A«rt. Btr.globt»e,l-itt4it. || 


^^ eUfptica. BC. ellipticleaved. erL elljp. acum. smth. frS. 6. 9. N.S.W. 17W>. 

^H £ilj-«nia c»lptiVa. b.m. 




^H JJJIf£0-.S'J,Jj;VBO'.SJ. Ca2.4.par(.I«J.»roN»ded. Pel.4. StsJIiT. Slif.acvU 


f™. i-s->.<a 


EUgcnm mdadniii. Ex.B. 

vQigins. DC. lummr-leBved. dlip. lane. Hnth. <1. 8. E.Ind. 

Eigtnu, J™M.. b.m. 


S.i.S™l,M 




" glailca. DC. glaucoas. glau.powd.opp.upp.alL ich. — 1820. 

lougifiilin. Dt. long.leaved. lin. lant. ent. wh. 6. 7. N.S.W. ISIB. 

piperita. DC. Peppemi.-lrec. lane. acum. curiae. u-ft. 7. 8. 1788. 

polYcrul^Dta. B.M.po*dered. opp.civ.orliic.cord.glBn. »A. 6. 8. 1810. 

rublista. DC. brown giiin-tree. ovale, acum. ent. irA. 8. 9. 1794. 


G.i.swjla 

G.i. «.4(.«. 
G.S. c.il(iM» 

G.*. 

G.i. 

G.i. . 

G.». 


MTRTUS, MYRTLE. Cat. S-parted. Pet.i, rartlyi. Ber.iloZ-eelied. 




^^_ comroiliiii. dc. commoa. ov. lane, acute. leh. 6. 7. S.Europ. 1397. 
^^H t. ba'tica. OrangcUarcd. vh. 


F.». -~B. 
F.i. .UliV. 

F.*. 

F.i. 

O.S. 


^^y a.jl.pUR*. double-foKtrtd wiL ■ 


Z. lali/ilia. bTMd-liated vk. 


i. Thymifblia. Thymt-Uaied teh. 




LEPTOSPE-RMUItr, LEPTOSPERMUM. CaI.6-pnri.M«3-flnp. PH.i. Sta>n.i0-30. CoptU^ 


grandiflonim. B.C. large- flowered, ov. lauc. mucr. leh. 1816. 

BMifiDkiwu DC. ma^ed. abov.obl.ciliat.)-aen. wJ>. 6.7. 1820. 


O.S. J 

Oi. 1 




^^■fl 



ICOSANDRIA M0N06YNIA. Ill 

lyimatic Bnglltk Forai of CoLof Month Native Tr.of IkAl lad 

Ibnt. llMiie. LeavcSfftc. Floir. ofFl. Country. Introd. Proptgation. 



S«iwFJl. oboYate-lv'd. oboT.siBtli.notoh.dott wh. 6. 7. NJS.W. 189S« Q.g^. 

tr. paboBcent. oUiq. Unc. obL hairy, wk. ■ 1774. G.J^. 

|«fUSfiMii. DC sman-leaved. obov. tatii. nerTeleas. wh, — 1795. Q^. 

«ap4Him. aou N.KeBlandTee. ot. acat. sab-S-Beir. wk, N.Zeal. 1772. 0.^ 

trihealira. sc trfloeolar. On. dott. dUat wk. N.S.W. ISUL G.^ 

f kjmUSa mmk. Tkyme-leared. Us. clHp. smih. wk. 5. 6. 18M. 0.|^. 

CALTTRIX^ CALYTRIX. C«a. i-paried. Pet. 5, decidwm*. Ger. 1-ccUed, ^-uedid. 

Ipbim. B.B. sflMWth-leared. lia. iaibiic. dott gland. wK 4. 6. N.S.W. 1818. 6.|^. 



UMTROSIDETROS^METROSIDE^ROS. Cal.6-fNirt Sliaai.2a.80. Ciip«.2.8^0ed,nMn^.MMM. 

aapfifflia. bc. narrow-leaYed. opp. lin. lane. smth. wh» 5. 6. C.B.S. 1818. G.j^. Soadjf petti 
ttirilMia, Heath-leaved, alt lin. imbric. pilose. .... N.HoH. 1829. O.J^. ami loom, 

lind. trne Iron-wood.opp.OT.kinc.aciun.8mth. ye, 8. 6. £.Ind. 1819. S.Jj^. emiiingB, 



CALUSTETMON^CALLISTE^MON. CaU-ptrt.lobjtht. Pet.& StyAhrmd-ak. Stigxap. Ct9iA><§IL 

hacaotttpm. dc. spear-leaved, lane. mocr. attenuat m. 6. 9. N.S.W. 1788. 0,|^. Semdy loam 

Uetromddros. eitrina, b.m. and peat, 

I. DC. Pine-leaved, lin. filif. rigid, macr. gr, 6. 7. 1806. G.fj^. cuttmgs, 

B.R. rigid. lin. lane. macr. acnte. sc. 4. 5. ' 1800. 0.$^. 

DC. Willow-leaved, lane. macr. aeom. st. 1778. G.||b. 

I. Swt. splendid. lane. macr. flat sc. S. 6. 1823. 6.|^. 

W^bmid(fro$ $peci6iu$. b.m. 

MCQPHORA^ANG'OPHORA. CoLi-tootk. Pet.S. Sty.fliiform. Ci^s. S^cfOf d. S-aoZaed. 

DC. hispid. ov.cord.se88. ; Br.smth. wk, N.S.W. 1789. G.$. Sandy loam 

kiopida, Ex.B. i^peat. cutt, 

FABRTClAj FABRVCIA. Ctd. campa. S-ol^. PH. 6. Stam. numerouo. Caps, qf many e^ls. 
■gpflififia. DC. Myrtle-leaved, alt obov. glan. silky. wk N.S.W. 1803. G.^^. 



ORDER II. 

DI-PENTAGYNIA. Styles 2-5. 

MESEMBRYANTB£MUM,FIGMARYGOLD. C(d.S'part. Pet.nume.Un. Caps. generaUy i-odL 

Haw. acote-kaved. half cylind. acnt pur. 4.10i. C.B.S. 1793. GJjf. Sandy oaH, 

Haw. two-edged. adaacif.8-cor.; Br.2-edg. 9.10. *-* 1811. G.|^. mixed with 

Haw. aloe-like. half round, eot ye. 1818. G.^.alHHeUme 

M. while. awI.8h.obt threaded. ye. 7. 8. 1714. GJf^ rubbiok^ i$ 

Haw. OraBge-flow'd. obt. tliroe-sid. comp. yc 6. 9. 1793. G.|^. beet adapted 

. Haw. hook-leaved. stmi-cyttnd.crowd4icnm. U. —-^ 1795. G.^./or tke ad* 

Haw. ascending. toague-shap. obt ye. 9.19. ..•• G.|b* <iv 4f ^Att 

' adncWrme. l. cymeter-leav'd. opp. oomp. three^sid. re. _ 1714. G.|^. carttath^ 

ilram.i» goMeo. qiind. three-sid. gkn. ye. 3. 9. 1750* G.J^ q^ploii*, 

ASHaL Jae. AikM/s. opp. ov. spathnl. roe. 6. 9. 1823. GA. many ^ 

karlMtesB. L. trailiiig-beard'd.spread. sab-obov. par. _ 1793. G.J^. wMck pro- 

lifidaai.Haw» bifid. awlnrtiap. gjan. obt ye. 10. 1793. G.^.dace sAetc^ 



^H lis ICOSANDRIA DI-PENTAGYNIA 


■ 


■ 


1 


^^^K Sritcmillc EnilliL. 


rotinor cni.or pnon 


ta Nitlv* 


rtJif 




••'■•J 






Counlrj 


IntriJd. 




i;JSl 


^^H ttUndnm, Haw. falr'Aowered. 


compr.S-sid.; fir.num. r«.ti>. fl 


C.B.S. 


IBI6. 


G.i. 


/■--J 




. — -_ 


1771. 


G.£.irfcnnnj| 


^^^ brcTifiliiim. H.m. iliorl leaveJ. 


cylind. spread, obt. Tub. 6. 





1T77. 


G.i. 


.,< urn 


caninnm. Maw. dog'a-cliop. 


Riau.keel »li.three-Bid. yc. 9.10 





1717. 


o.i.jt.,r, m 




all. glBU. three-aid. ye. 6. 9 








O.i. tm M^ 


coccineiim. Haw. scarleL 


3-»id. compr. glau. obt, ic. S. 9 





1690. 


G.S. 


tht (UM 


aoceum. saffron BowYd 


crowd, gtau.balfroood. n. 





1816. 


G.i. 


™iia 




distant, ciirr. rub. 9 





1799. 


G.i. 


T**y-| 




a-sid. sub-flan. doll. «. 9.10 





1792. 


G.S. 


rrada, M 




■pread. glan. S-sid. rt. 




1793. 


G.£.creurd | 


deBfiam. h.k. defleiiHl. 


three->id. glau. rough, pv. T. 9 





1774. 


G.i. 


»ltn«l 


deltoldes. Haw. deltoid. 


tbree-sid. glau. crowd. ii. 5 





17SI. 


o.i. 


- . — 


dolBbrilorme.Haw.lialchet.1eaTed 


hatchct«(h. dolt. glau. yc. 





1705. 


e.i. 







obliq. half cylind. y«. S. 9 





iTsa. 


G.». 




ecliinitiim. r.k. Hedge-bog. 


obi. o». three-sided. ye. 





1774, 


G.i. 






Ibree-sid. glau. rough, rio. 6. 9 





1732. 


o.i. 


. 


expinram. l. House-leek-I'd 


remote, opp. ov. lane ye. B. 9 





1703. 


G.i. 


• 


fi-MUm. Haw. cleft. 


balfround,equal,obt.glatl. 





177fl. 


G.*. 


— — 


fidcatam. l. falcale-leavcd 


coDipr, lbrei!-sid. glau, ro>. 6. 9 





1737. 


G.i. 


■ 


fastigiitiim. Haw. claslered. 


reflex, awl-sh. glau. 6i. 8. 9 





1791. 


G.i. 


,' 




compr, 8-sided, thick. ro». 9 





1712. 


G.i. 


:^ 


lilicaaie. Haw. thri'^d- stalked 


crowd, semi- cylind .acnm .re. 10 





18U0. 


G.i. 







Hib-cylind. incurv.obt. «r. S. 9 





1704. 


0-i. 


> 




three-Sid.; ateMshrubb. re. 9 





1820. 


G.i. 


. 


glome ritnm. L. clustered. 


obt. 3-rom. glan, red. fi. 





1732. 


G.i. 


>i 


glaacfsrens. Raw. gloucoiu. 


incurv.3sid.gl8u. pur. 6 


N.Holl. 


1894. 


G.i. 




Benilnatiim. Haw, twin. 


Br.fark. Lvi.coaD.3-sid. re. 


C,B,S. 


1792. 


G.i. 






opp. connate, dotL pur. 





1819. 


G.i. 







crowd, cylind. compr. pur. 1. G. 





17US. 


G.i. 





hj'bridum. Haw. hybrid. 


ent.S-aded. ytl. 








G.e. 


■ 


b]c6rvuin. Haw. incnrred. 


compr. S-cnm. glau. li. 





1 802. 


G.i. 


■ 


Imbricaluiu. U.K. Irabricated. 







1793. 


G.i. 







thick, uDeq. tongue-sh. yrf. 3.10 





1804. 


o.p. 





Wngnm. Haw. long tongue. 


elong.ahin.tongue-sh. yel. D 





1725. 


G.e. 


— 







1793. 


G.i. 


■ 




Sfeffiobconic.Binth.glBa. re. 9.10 





1795, 


G.i. 







S(e«obconic.gl8U.«polt. ye. 





1768. 


G.i. 


- 


ni&xiinUDi. Haw. large -leaved. 


3 sid^ctaa.Bemi-aniplex. roe. 3. 9. 


_- 


1787. 


G.i. 





lDlcrc.phyUun..Haw. imall-leav'd 


coDTiBlc, 3-&id. dott. roe. 5. 





1735. 


G.i. 





multiflorum. Haw. many -flowered 


connate, vagin. glau. u'A. 8. 9. 





1792. 


OJS. 




imiricdtnm. Haw. muricated. 


crovcd. deltoid, glau. li. 5. 





ITSI. 


G.». 


■• 




dent, ciliat. dott. ytl. 5. 7. 





1790. 


G.e. 




Bialablle, Haw. changeable. 


3-iid.dott.; Br,2-edg. «■.«>. 8. 9. 





1792. 


G.i. 


, 


noctiflomm. l. ai^ht-How'ring 


tDuodish.glau. ro.uh. 




1714. 


G.i. 




Dltldum. Haw. ubinlng. 


half-cylind. blistered, yel. 





1790. 


o.i. 




perfotiitom. Mil. perfoUate-l'd. 


connate,«heatli.decurr. rot. 6. 9. 




1714. 


G.i. 






acute, a-comered. j.fc. i. 





I79S. 


O.i. 




iwrviflorum. Haw. small-flowered 


half inch long, sub-erec. ah. 6. 9. 





180 1>. 


O.i. 


■ 




boary, glau. obt. spot 1. yel, ID. 


_ 


1795. 


O.i. 


■ 


^^_ ndiatuni. Haw. rayed. 


glau. apex, atlenimt. red. 11. 


___ 


1732. 


0.^. 





^^L tigidnm. Haw. rigid. 







1703. 


o.i. 


-*■ 




compr. 3-comered. pA:.lD.ll 




1S03. 


G.S. 














■ 



ICOSANDRIA DI-PI;NTAGYNIA. 



ki- 


serrated. opp. diitinct, 3.giil. ytt,6.7.C.B.8. 1707. 


G.». 




ll). H>». 




o.*. 





le. H«w. 


.pleudiil. g!au. 3-iid. p»r. 1787. 


0.5. 





a. Hn-. 


liuUVhorn. l>ifarioui,obUq.cro»sed. jtf. 0.10. 170S. 


G.S. 


. 


I. Haw. 


Tlger-cbap. cord.ov.raarbl.wilhwb. yd. 1790. 


G.9. 





ID.L. 


IwUUil. obl.OT.conii«te. p.yt. 0.0. 1705. 


o.s. 





un. I. 


lubenHis-rMifd. S-cometcd.coDip.recur. co. 1714. 


G.S. 





e.Hair. 




0.*. 





ID. DC. 


mlel-colooreJ. coinp.3.cornered,giau. pur. 1830. 


o.s. 





Haw. 


green. enl. smth. hook, backw. li. 8. 1798. 


cs. 







G.a. 






G.». 





EA,aPIK£J. Coi.S.[«r(. Pcf.S.ro.nduft. Ccr.gcnerall,,&. <:ips.S,tacho/2talve,,lrlcdt. 


I.B. 


red-flowered. alt. or. serr. pk. S. 0. Nepniit. 1818. 


H.S. 


iimdij loan. 


dnU.B.B 


drop-wort. pinn.Icafl.i^rr.smtli. ytt.ich. 0. B. Briulit 


H-e. 


rfiriJ. rooO, 


[:ilolU.w 


Hypericoni I'd. spat. ent. atatii. kA. 4. 5. N.Anier. 1610. 


H.S. 


lagcri, er 


oc. 




H-e. 


Oitting,. 


kix;. 


smooih-leaveO. l»nc.eiil.BesB.smth. K-fc. 4. 6. Siberia. 1774. 


H.S. 





U.E.FI. 


WiUow-lea»ed. ellip.laDc.serr.iinlb. re*. 0. a. Britain 


H.4. 





Ik DC. 


three-lobcd. sub-cord. lob. dent, ich. S. Siberia. ISOl. 


H.*. 


~ 


VilA,GlLVBtiU. Cal-campan. 5-parUd. Ptl.i, liniar, large. Capi. 5,celUd. 




to. DC. 


Ihree-JMved. tem.lBnC9err..tlp.liTi. 6A. 6. 9. N.AmM.1713. 


H.B. 


Light loam. 


''•■ (rt/Uiaio. b.h. 




dicid. roaU. 


aSTPINU.WALDSTEINU. Cal.lO-cltfl. Ptt. S. Sttj.cub.itofti. Sitdi% tborttt. 


•.s.r. 


A»ens-like. 8-S-lob. cut, dent. yd. 0. 7. Hnngarj.l8D4. 


H.p.toam^'piat. 








pari. rooU. 


PS.FrHt/S. Cal.inSdeepteg. Ptt.i,conc. Ai^let)ilh2leS,2-r^i!ede.ip>. 


.$«diS 


intacKcM. 


tn.* 


wbitebeam-tree. ov.cuLwrr.downybeti. icft. S. 6. Britain 


H.C. Gurd£n*«7. 


iila.B.B. 




H.e!:. 


«ed,, «r 


Jalia.DC. 


narrow.leaved. lanc.obl.dent.Mrrjhin. (.A. N.Anier. 17S0. 


H.S. 


gr^fHng. 


riB. n.R. 




H.S. 




ni». E.FI. 


wild Pear. ov. «rr. smtli. wh. 4. England 


H.C. 




vriegitn. 


rariegalcd-U. 






lO. £.*. 


tmeSerrlce-trce.pinB. downy, Mrr. .... 


H.C. 





Dda. B.R. 


many-flowcr'd. obuv.l8Qc.sliarplycrFn. leh. 6. Cbina. 1816. 


H.c;. 





fail*. 


large-leaved, obi. obov. smth. aemil. tri. 4. 5. N.Amer 


H.*. 






Apple-tree. ov.acuUacrr. ah.re. Britain 


H.C. 







fmiigatcd-l'd. 







Itrit. 


Nepaul. ov. acuin-serr.aliin. ich. S. 6. Nepaul. 1820. 


H.C. 






ewly. Of . lane. icrr. 6A. BumIb, 1784. 


H.O. 





lfid>.K.D. 


bartard Mrrice. pinnatifjwrr.down.ben. n-A. Eujiland 


H.E. 





I.B.K. 


Chinese. cord.Mrr.ibin.jun.pub. wh. Cbina. 1833. 


H.er. 





B.R. 


hybrid. pin.inSpir».len.OT.cren.pA..D. 5. 0. N.Amer. IBOO, 


H.c. 




*ia.B.R. 


WUIw-leaved. lin. lane. serr. downy. kjA. Siberia. 1780. 


H.e. 




mt. oc. 


Chinese Apple, ov. obi. .ctr. r«, China. 


H.c. 





■tUl.DC. 


wildaerrice. cord. lob. serr. smth. icA. 4. 5. EnglaiKl 


H.C. 






^B]14 ICOSANDRIA DI-PENTAGYNIA. 


■ 


1 


^^V Sr«trn..llc E>i<U.b Fnm. nf O.l.of MonOi N.tlve Yr.o 






1 Nimr. \!inie. Unvfs.tc. FLuk. o(FI. Coiiotrj. Inlwl 




Pr^pKid 


CYD'ONIA.QL'INCE. Col. O-puried. P^t.S.ro-Bded. S/y-S- PomfmS-wH^d, «nd Mom, 


-»wd«(. 


1 japAnica. Japao. ov.sub-cuneat.crcD^rr. «. 12.1. Japan. 1796 


H.*. 


■ 


■■ Ps-ro'j-pinuo. 








R.». 




^^f CRArX(lUS,HAWTHORS. Cat. i-cii^ft. Ptt.S,gpreiul.orbic. Ovary a-i-celtfd. Sty. 


■!,«■«. 


^^ ■pUfolia. Mx. PanJey-leaved. delt.cut-lob.lo bra dent vh. 5. 6. N.Araer. 1812. 


H.e.fody l^ 


Azorolus. t. Aiiorole. ciinea.piib.trif.lob.deiil. wh. S.Kurop. 1640. 


ii.€.gr^'g.l*. 


Crts-giUuL. Cockapur. obov.cuoiiif.smth.sMii. wh. N.AmeT.l631. 


H.e. 


«trf» mh 


^^^ I. taticijilia, WUioui-leartd ich. .... 


H.C 


in ipHufi 


^^K 2. ipUndtna. iplrndid. ich. — • 


H.C. 




^^M cocclnea. l. scarlet. ov.cord.nnpil.ent.milh. wh. 4. 5. I68S. 


H.(r. 


. 


^^f cordfila. Mil. Iieart-lcaved. cord.ov.angul.ent.amth. icA. S. 1738. 


H.C. 


. 


^^ eUlptica. n.K. elliptic. elllp.nneq.wrr.Hntb. wh. N.Amer. 1T65. 


H.ffi. 




eilocirpa. Lind. woolly-frnltcd. obt. S-lob. serr. uiitb. icA.S. 6. Britain 


H.e;. 




fliva. H.R. ypllDW. obo.coneif.sub-lob.Betr. «■*. 5. NAmer. 1724. 


H.e. 




glandalAsa. w. glandular. obo.cnnea.ang.imth.ahin. w. 1750. 


H.C. 


. 




H.C. 


— ^_ 


latiiaia. Pen. broad-leaTed. obov.uneq.serr.subplic. <ch. 1820. 


H.e. 





Udniata. dc'. fringed. pin.ent.hair.lob.nbl.dcn. wh. Sicily. 1816. 


H.B. 





MddB. Mil. ehinJDR. Ian .>«rr.»liii<. pale ben. wh. N.Amer 


H-et. 







H.€. 





mexicAna. DC. MeMcan. ov.acut.terr.at apex. ick. MeKico. 1823. 


F.C. 


— — ^. 




H.C. 






H.C. 


. 


odoratiuima. d.r. sweet-aceuled. pinnalif.vill.»eg.S-fid. wh. — Crimea 


H.e. 


. 




H.e. 





parvifolia. H.K. imall-leaTed. obov. cuneif. serr. pub. wA. S. 6. 1704. 


H.e. 


, 


punctata. H.K. dotted -fruited, obov.cuneir. imUi.serr. icA. 5. 17-16. 


H.C. 






H.S. 


._ J 


1 t»t»cetifolia.Pers.TBniylcavtd. pinn.ent.hair.lob.dent. u)ft. S. 6. Greece. 1789. 


H.e. 





^H PHOTrNIA.PHOTFNIA. Cal.S-looth. Cor.n/infitxeipeU. Oftry „iU.2-ceUtd. 5(y.2,.-«.rti | 


^H mrbuUfolU. B.R. Arbulus-1ea«ed.()bl.tancacut.Krr. uk. T. 8. Calirom. im. 


F.C Stndy 1.4 


^^m Crala'gut arbutifoUa. 




wmI 




F.e. 


i«s*ri,rM 


^^H Crata'gva glibra. Tbun. 




mftw-l 


^^P M'ESPILUS, MEDLAR. Cal.njieri<>r,o/llf^,cttu.i«iHg. Pfl.S,i>Tbit.cenc. 


5t!,.3-S,»«rfll 


^^ ferminica. B.FI. common. Innc.alt.subdowny. icft. 5. 7. England 


H.C.5«tfr lim\ 


pranifolia. Plum-leaved. ellip.lanc.ierr.pDb.ben. irA.S. 6. N.Amer, 1612. 


H.S. 


(Kris" 1 


Smithu. DC. girJ.E-Smitb'a. obl.sab-trilob.aerr.pub. wh. IBOO. 


H.C. 


fMfl«r.J 


COTONEA'STER, COTON EASTER. Cat. Iurbi». bUntly 5-toofh. Pel. S, short. 


reel. Sty.mlk J 




H.S. S^bM 




H.i.iM«tM 


vulgaris, or. common. ov.enLacnl.downy ben, icA. 4. 5. Europe. 1660. 
MifpiluicolBiuisUr. L. 


H.i. 


^ 


AMELANCHIER,AMELAmHlER. CaLS-clffl. Pit.6,baic. P™i«i 3-5- criJcd. 5nibM. ^ 


^^ WigninetDC. red-wooded. roliind.obl.diortly aerr. wA. 4. 6. N.Amer. 1800. 


H.s.s«rfr* 1 




H.S- 


•«n I 


^H Wt^lM AmtUnehier. 




i 


^ 




J 






^^H 



IC08ANDRIA DI-PENTAGYNIA. 116 

BfUbemaOc Eaflish Fonn of Col-of Month Native Ynof Soil and 

Name Name. LeaTef,&c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

PITRSHIA, PWRSHIA. CaUlk<lrfl, lobes ohtuae. PeUS,orlne. Carp. 1-2, ovate, oblong, pubescent. 
tridenttta. DC. three-toothed. caDeat.glau.apex8,den. yf N.Anier.l826. H.$. 



ORDER III. 

POLYGYNIA. Styles many. 

GFUMfAVENS. Cal, in 10 deep iegm. Pet, 6, rounded. Seeds ovate, with a hooked tail. 

flbaai. DC white, pinnatif. upp. ten. wh. 7. 8. N.Amer.l730. H.9* Light loam^ 

iatem^diiiiD. w. intermediate, pinnatif. lobes ov. sen*, yel. 5. 8. S.Europ. 1704. H.9* seeds, or 

icrophyTlam.DC. large-leaved* pinn.app.]eafl.S-Iob. yel. 6. 7. KamtBch.1804. H.Tf. dicid, roots. 

QsOjtm, B.F.O. acarlet. lyrate, npp. 8-lobed. sc. Chile. 1826. H.|p. — . 

CMCteMM. B.R. 

ilfilab£.FL water. pinn. lyrate, upp. tern. par. 6. Britain H.9* 

pr. upright. pinn. leafl. cat. st. 5. 6. N.Amer. 1778. H.9* — 



VUSYZRSIA^SIEVERSIA. Col. lO'Cltft,segm. unequal. Pet. 5, oblong. Ger. hairy. Stig.obtuu. 

Wtt i.M. Mr. Peck's. lyr.pin.np.lea.renif.cord. ye* 6. 8. N.Amer. 1826. U.9* Light loam, 

^Mm, LM. tiiree-flower'd. pinn. hairy. pu.wh, H.|p. seeds, or 

divide at root. 

MTA8,DRTA8. Cal.S-lO-cUft. Pet, S, oecasionaUy 10, Seeds obovate, hairy. 

llwinftniHi B.M. Dnunmond's. ellip. cren. downy. yeU N.Amer. 1827. H.9* Sandy loam 

iMifciifi>lin.H.E».Fl. entire-lv'd. OY.tooth.atbase,wh.ben. wh. 6. 8. Oreenla. 1824. F, Iff. if peat, seeds, 

white. OT.eUip.8err.down.ben. trA. 7. 8. Britain H,'9'Ordivid,root. 



i»tt. 



CALYCA'NTHUS, ALLSPICE, Perian. many-part. Stam. uneq, falling off . Ger.numy,ov.\'Celled. 

i.iff. Carolina. opp.OY.ent.pab.ben. duUre. 5. 8. Carolina. 1726. H.|^. Sandy loam 
B.B. dark-flowered. obUacam.glaa.smth. d.pu, 1806. H.^,lfpeat.layers. 



CBIMONA'NTH US, CHIMONA'NTBUS. Col, imb. lobes ov, obt, Sia, equ. 5 out. fertile, SfaUpersUt. 

ftipoB. DC. fragrant. or. lane. smth. yel. 2.12. Japan. 1766. U.J^. Sandy loam 

OigeitnikMS pf^eecox, b.m. ifpeat.layers. 

ZOBAfROSE. CoLS-e^ft. Pet,5,obov, FUam. shorter than the petals. Ger.nume, with I style to each. 



E.FL creeping. pin.lea.5-7-ellip.obl.ser.8mt 6. 8. Britain H.fj^.cr. Rich loam 

hAmitnMi. Anderson's. bh. • . . ,Il.g^.cl. is the most 

XatiaimM. Ayrshire. trA. — — »., .H.§^.cl. suitable soil 

t. Jlht-pUuo. douhtS'JUnt^ring. wh. .... 'H.S^.cl. for the 

4,JL pUmo oioiiktaaweet'Scen^d. wh. 6.7, ... ^H.S^.cl. growth qf 

%.JU plhssrSsea. dbUrose-fioufg ros. .... H.^.cl. this beauti- 

rk. L.B. grey Siberian. Leq/{.glau.rag.conTex. ros. 5. 6. Siberica. H.lf.ful 4r nume- 

m.R. Alpine. Ireq/I.5-llprs.obo.biser. re. 6. 7. Europe. 1688. HJf* rous tribe i^f 

BinM.E.FL Borrer's. I(ea/f.T,ov.acatbiBerr. cor. 4. 8. Britain li.^.plants,whose 

MmaatM. Bonrsoolt's. LAi/f.S-7,ellip.ser.8mth. ros. 4. 7. Hybrid. 1821.H.|b*c/. species and 

fi Mm. whiU'fiowering. tofieHesare 

Q2 



^■41(1 


ICOSANDRIA I'OLYGVNIA. 


^ 


1 


^^^B ^TfnatUc 


EngliiJi 


F..nn or Cnl.of H.iiilh Nulii-* Yr.u 






^m 




Lelvrs.&c. Flow. ofFI. Couolry. Inlnid 






^^B BsnluiK. L.n. 


SirJ.Bank'i. 


L«y!,elUp.lanc.3-S^er. h^A. 7. 8. China. 1807 


H.S..I. 


aav MM- 


^V ii li"«- 


Bi-rl)etry.rd. 




H.^.fl, ••'.I. ~1K. 


cllip.iierr.jir.prickly. yet 6. T. Persia. 1790 


H.i. 


r:atrdi»M 


LHu'ea btrberi/ilia. B.R. 






^^ 




Macartney. 


L<fl/i,S.9,obo.»err.»hin. wk. China. ITOS.H.i.cI. 


..d<a 


bractfaceOB. L.T 


bracteated. 


£*q;I.eUip.acut.baLr.scrr. w. 0. 7. Lancasb 


H.S. 


TMifl 


ck'sU. E.FI. 


glaucous len»' 


.£MjI,5-7,eUi.acu.dDWD.ben. Scotland 


H.S. rmaU, ij 


OTOlina. L.R. 


Cnrullne. 


Leq/I.5-!),tarc.obov.scrr. re. N.Araer. 1726 


H.i. 


cr«u^ fl 


eaaixm. l.t. 


dog. 


L«^.S7,ellip. serr. bh. Britain 


H.S. 


'-!«^<« 


ciiuiam6tiic». e.u. Cinnamon. 


I.eB«.S.7^anc.obl.aerr.i:laii. 5. England 


H.i. Lddi., Il 


caac&Rica. 


Caucasian. 


teo^.S ,ov.roun. twice ser.frA. 0. 7. Caucas. 1703. 


H.i. «<» dlfll 




Province. 




H.i. 


«» Mri 




Minek-»u>ss. 








2. m««.pMj. 

S. albifidm. 

DoDl^a, L.T. 


^^' "■' 


H.5, 






wh. 




Don'l. 


I>iill.7rV1lip.bUerr.hair. to. a. 6. Brilain 


H.S. 


dunasc^Da. x-h. 


red damuk. 


Le^fl.i-7,oy,tiffd,pnc\i.. rtd. 6. T. Syria. I57S. 


H.i. 


■Mil. 


dumftoniiD. l.t 


bu»hj. 


i«/l.7,ellipjwrrjdiin. bh. England 


H.S. 





Dicluoniina.E.FI. Dickwn'n, 


L«yl.S-7,ellip.ierr.pub. bh. .... 


H.». 




ForBtf ri. E.FI. 


ForsteKs. 


L«{fl.S-7,ellip.acii.seT.Kmth. 6. 7. . . - ■ 


H.i. 




fraxiniftlta. L.B. 


Ash-leaved. 




H.S. 


, 


ftrox. L.R. 


bcdge-hog. 


£ra/t. 3-5,pllip. scrr. pur. 6. Caucas. 1T9G. 


H.». 


, 


gria\i5. UT. 


taU brillly. 


I«qrt.7-9,ellip.I.iser.pub. ro. 6. 7. Britain 


H.S. 




gftUica. 


ufRcinal. 


LM/l.S.T,o».lanc.rigid. rtd. Europe. 1SB6. 


H.». 


■ 


erandifldra. Und 


. large-aoweKd 


Lm/.flat.serr.amib. wft. 5. 0. Siberia. 1818. 


H.». 


_ 


Grevlllii. 


GrevUle's. 


Irfq/1. S.7, serr. smlli. roM. China H.S-cI. 





gemfllB. w. 


twin-floweriog. Leq/t.obl.BCnt. TniitglD. n. S. 0. N.Amcr. ISOO. 


H.J. 






Irbh. 


L«i/t.a-7,glau.abo.bair.ben. 6.10. Ireland 


H.*. 


_ 


Indlca. w. 


common Chma 


Leqff.S-S,ov.acum.abili.serJI.1.19. China. 1798. 


H.S. 





l.emfifilia. 
t.tHiner. 


nutt-CAina. 








.'_ ^^ 




•.p«rf*r«. 


p-nJ'-c*'""- 


?■"■■ •-■• 


H.i. 


. 


iDidflt^ 


prickly. 


Lc(i/t.S.9,ellip.niitli.Bbo.bair.e. 7. Hebrides 


H.i. 


. 


kunchbtio. 




LM^.5-9,obl.obtjerr. pur. 1. 9. Kanil»ch. I80a. 


H.i. 





IjwraDCeSll».B.ll.MUsLawraiice 


.Lcd/t.ov.acut. finely serr. rf. 1,12. China. 1810. 


r.i. 




l^da. w. 


sbininR. 


£<q/?.5.9,ellip.huic.8err. re. 6. 9. N.Amer. 1773. 


H.J. 


. 


Undliyi. 


Mr. Undlcy's. 


ti'o;J.5.7.obl.undul.glau. ro. 7. 8. 171«i. 


H.S. 


. 


latea. B.M. 


ycllcw. 


L(n^.5-7,eUipjerr.conc. je. t. German. 1590. 


H.». 








te(lfl.ov.twice«err.bairy.re. 6. 1. England 


H.S. 







gmalirraited. 


Liafi.i-i, lane. Ebin. wh. 5.10, Cbina. iaS2. 


F.i.<l. 


. 


moKhfiln. 


niiuk-«:ented. 


i«U».5-7, bine, snilli. ah. 8. Africa. 1596. 


H.». 




1, oriireo. 
mullillura. w. 




V.nl. IBOl 


H.ff. 








many -flowered 


. £*ii/I.S-Vv.Umc.»ft pt. 6. 7. Cbina. IBOl.B.S.cJ. 


. 


nitida. 


Khilt-Jioicercd 


v>k, 6. 6. laiO.H i -1 






H.S..1. 




.bioing. 


LtuM-t. lane- >ia^- red. 6. 9. N.Amer. I7T3 





Noisctti&Ba. D.n 


Noiselfs. 


Lc^fi.ov.ierr. AA. S.ll. Hybrid. 1B16. 


H.*. 





^_ 1. jraudi^Sra 
^K fi. purpfarc. 


large-fiiiwercd 

purpU. 

ino«-wUi[c. 


bk. . 1827. 


H.4. 
H.i. 
H.i. 








Lcu/i. tern. Bhin.suilll. ich. 8. Hybrid. I82S. 






^^^H 




Mi 


■ 



^H ICOSANDRIA POLVOVNIA. 


"1 


^^K eii(|[>h FutDiuf CaUr Haiiih NaUvc Yr^f 




imc N«ni«. LMv*.,ft& Flow. o(Fl. Conolfj. IniiwJ. 




u sweet-scented. Lcq^.ov.ierr.smlh. pa. 2.18. China. ISIO. H^. 


' 


rHKOU. yellmB-Chiiui yet, 1828. H.S- 




ccfRM. Martel. M. — - — ■ 1828. H.g>. 


^^J 


in. unaU-flowcred. L«;I.5-9,Ui]C.Bmthjen-. 6A. 8. 9. N.Ajner. 1724. H-S. 


^^H 


wrinkJed. i«yl.5^.»eiT.amth. 1829. H.J. 


^^^1 


Una. Sincl. Ldy.O. Ruwell. i«/[.5-7,ellip.MiT.glau.!,.w. 6. 8. Britain H.^M. 


^^H 


We »v. Hort. 


^^^1 




^^^1 




^^^1 




^^H 


L.T. Sabine's. Le^.a-7fii9,e\\ip.hi3eT.ri: Britain H.*- 


^^^B 


iticea. UT. trailing. J:,«q;1.5-T,o».acat.biMr.«ntli.0. 8. .... H.*. 


^^^1 


Mima. Bnmct. imJI.T-a.ormore^rb.Ber.iD. 6. 1. .... H.S. 


^^H 


j&M. roond-hended. LCTfl.5-7^IUp.biaer.down. .... H.*.. 


^^^1 


1. cloae-itjled. teajl. S-I.emp.smUi.abojer. .... H.^. 


^^1 


'flireni. cTei-Bowering. tnyS.ov. lanc.cren.se r. cri. 18.1. CUna. 1799. F.*. 




nribeiu, double-red. d.r. F.ft, 




i^ntut frmrrant nir V 9« 


^^^1 


nirei».w. evergreen. in5.7pair»,prickl.falc. loi. 5. 0. S.Europ. 1029.H.i.iI. 


~ 1 


iiCBia. t-T. rorgliish. inyl.ov. hairy ben. W. 6. 7. Britain H.*. 




1. smail-kaved. Uafi.l,\mMza.h\Aex.bJut.w France U.^. 


^^^1 


Und.R. S-leayedCliina. tetn.leafi.o».lanc.aerr. tcA. 0. 8. China. 1769. F.*. 


^^^1 


m.it.K. double-yellow. L«(^. 5-T, glau. flat. yil. 7. Levant. 1629. H.£. 


^^H 


LkB. oprifht. L«i/{.7-9,ovj)btFr.pend.rD. fl. N.Amer. 1728. H.£. 


^^^^ 


lfa.L.T. downy. t«{^.5-7,eUip.biMr.hoar.re. 8. 8. Britain H.JJ. 


1 


bk. H.T. turbiDBte. Laij!.S-7^v.oiT.ser. rill .ben. 6. 9. Europe. 1629. H.£. 





tiUmi. L«v!.5-7,ellip.blKr.vill. pfc. 6. 7. Britain H.S. 





LB.FI. WilMMi's. itq/i.7-9^.obt.pub...er.pfc. .... H.*. 


^^J 


fi. Und. Wood's. £«fI.obl.obt.glau.tmth.r«I. 0. 7. N.Amer. 1815. H.^. 


— ■ 


vdta VuteUei. Cmden \»ri«k^ Carden Viiiellf,. o.rd.n Vsri, 


■ 


[. Valuca. FleraUh. Pyramidal. Petite Holland. 




Grand Monarque. Rol de Fiance. Persian. 


^^H 


■ble. Grand Sultan. Roide Pourpres. Pourpree Amiable. ^^H 


Dill, Incomparable. Sanspardl. cl. Provioi common 


^^^M 


Infernal. Sullan. cabbage, 


^H 


Mooge. Josephine. Trafalgar. white. 






^^^H 


Malabar. Tuscany. damask. 


^H 


biindred leaved. Mignonne. (i. Victory. invincible. ^^H 


L>. blusii. cl. semi-doulle. ^^| 


w. red. ct. Superb carmine. 


^^H 






iou. M.^ul. II. Cbktifoiia. VersaUles. 


^^H 


table. Nonpareil. VUmorin. 


^^^1 




Jl. black, cl. Officinal carmine. Blu>h Cabbage. Blush moss. 


^^^H 


t Tclvet. Oricans. Bourbon. Common mon. 


^^^H 


■sd'Orleans. Paradise. Cluster, c/. Royal moss. 


^^^1 


, handred leaved. Poppy. Duchess dc Berri. Scarlet moss. 


^^^H 




^^1 


en. Proserpine. G rand Praviai. Sbailer's white n 


J 







r" 


ICOSANDHIA POLYGYNIA. 


■^ 


^^V Oardcn Vtriclifi. 


Oitdcn Virlcilfii. 




CinlHi VariMlM. "^ 


^V CentifollaPomponia. 


V, RUBIOISOIA. 


Arcadian. 


Lodoiska. 






Armenian. 


Lnwimbnfg. 


Poniponc, 


Double mossy Sweet- 


Assyrian. 


Magdalen. 


Si. Francis. 


briar, cl. 


Augusta. 


Margarette. 


J Spong's. 


Doable red Sweet- 


BcUotia. 


Marseilles. 


H 


briar, cl. 


Berkshire. 


Minerva. 


■ 


Evergreen Sweetbiiar.ci. 


Bloodine. 


MnntpeUer. cl. 


^H III. D*HASCB.'<A. 




Blush velvet. 


Narbonnc. 


^^H 


Iver Cottage Briar. 


Bold. 


Nassau. 


^H ArgoQtoi. 




Bourbon. 


Niobe. 


^m Bluib, monthly, d. 


Monstrous Sweelbriar.cl. 


Brabant. 


Ohver. 


^^ Damask. cJ. 


Royal Sweetbriar. cl. 


Bucephalus. 


Olympic. 






Calypso. 


Orient. 


EgyplUn. 




Carthaginian. 


Paroasms, 


OoUalh. 




CastUe. 


Palestine. 


Grand Monarquc. 




Ceris. 


Pegasus. 


Incomparable. 


VI. IndicaetSehpes 


Chance. 


Penelope, cl. 




FI.O&ENS. 


Cleopatra, cl. 




Perpelunl. 




CoBsacV. 


Portobeilo. 


ProUfic. 


Atronigra. 


Crimson. 


Pope's Cluster. 


Red daraast. el. 


Cameicens. 


Danish. 


Prince Regent. 


Red monthly. .1. 


Cucullala. 


Darting. 


Princess Chariotle. ' 


Red Bel^c. 


Elegans. 


Derby. 


Raphael. 


^m siriH. 


Florida. 


Diadem. 


Ratisbon. 


^B TaliuL 


Gigantea. 


Dedo. 


Red Provins. 


^H White Danuuk. cl. 


IJe. de vin. el. 


Discolor. 


Rouibel. 


^H Monthly, cl. 


Lucida. 


Due de Brabant. 


Rosanua. 


^H Yoric and Lancaster. 


Major. 


Duke of Clarence. 


Ruby. 


^H Zeatand. 


Moostroaa. 


Durlram. 


St. Catharine. 


^H 




Etna. 


St. George. 


^^H 


Nigra. 


Eupbroayne. cl. 


St. Patrick. 


^^B 




Favourite. 




^H 


Sans cplncs. el. 


Felix. 


SeviUe. 


^F 


Thi«be. 




Shylock. 


[ Agate. 


Veloutee. 


Franckfort. 


SilCBUS. 


magnifiqae. 




Frizzled. 




BeUe aume. 




Gascony. 


Striped Proving. 


1 , Henrietta. 




Genoese. 


Sulphurea. 


^^ Bonquet Blanc. 


VII. Various Oardeh 


Globe. 


minor. 


^H CalesliEE. 


RosEi. 


Grand Mogul. 


Taogiers. 


^V Double white Blush. 




Helena. 


TliMeus. 


^" Due dTork. 


Abundant. 


Hertford. 


Triton. 


Grand cnissed'Nympli. 


AcbUles. 


IiabeUa. 


Turban. 


Great Maiden Blush. 


Adolioa. 


Jersey. 


Venusta. 


Joanne d'Arc 


Adonis. 


Justica. 


Victoria. 


Muscat ™uge. 


Almable vialelte. 


Julian. 


Wellington. 


Nova cielestis. 


Aj«. 


King Agrippa. 


Yorkshire Pioviin. 


Small Maiden's Blosh. 


Albaniam. 


U Modeme. 






Alba nova coelestis. 


Lancaster, 






Ainaion. 


Leander. 








Lees Peri>eli.al. 


_J 








^^^^^H 



■ 


ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA 


ll'J ^H 


Ntm 


aiirde»ririttiuqflheSpiaonsrima,in the Rourium ScolicHn. ^^M 


d. 


Ducbvas orGloucesEer. 


EUia. 


H 


th. 


Sylvia. 


Pytbagonis. 


Eiiropa. ^^H 


lies' Bluh. 


Lady Jane Mootgomcry 


Duniinuaine. 


Fercbard. ^H 


IK. 


Celislia. 


Herodotus. 


H 


»et. 


LBdy CflsOe Coote. 


Eiiripidus. 


Cornelius. ■ 


eYdtow. 


Lady U. Dalrymple. 


Mrs. Smytlie. 


Lady M. Tbricplaiul. ^H 


btRed. 


PreteuB. 


Benmore. 


Countess of Kinnoiill. ^^^ 


ge BlDih. 


PhxtoD. 


Socrates. 


Maldevin. ^H 


rpte. 


Liuly Bulks. 


Bamum. 


Triumphant. ^H 


Aled. 


Otpycus. 


Plaio. 


Seneca. ^M 


ret. 


Mra. Hooker. 


Caroline. 


^^M 


mns. 


Phocion. 


Mra. TroKer, 


Lomond. ^^1 


f«J. 


Dwail'Ri<»lor. 


Mrs. Himter. 


Lady Bain). ^^H 


HeaaK. 


Belloaa. 


Cnpid. 


Lady ^^M 


aDaoW. 


Hercnle*. 


Mrs. Moray. 


Duchess of Bedford. ^H 


iCCU. 


SiJyIa. 


Jo.epbus. 


Lady L. Grant. ^H 




Althea. 


Argus. 


^H 


oti. 


Jaoglhea. 


Mrs. WaMon. 


MLts Moray. ^^H 


Argyll. 


Appelfa. 


Mrs. Ross. 


^H 




Jugurtha. 


Cbariolte. 


Mrs. OUphanl. ^^M 


;r. 


Heclnr. 


Demostbenes. 


^m 


art. 


Agrippa. 


Margaret. 


AmbercheleL ^H 




Hecuba. 


Comus. 


Anibrracn. ^H 


HiuniltoD. 


Arutidcs. 


Julia. 


Iris. ^M 


Dl»go«. 


Pamona. 


BantB. 


Jupiier. 


tjre. 


AlimiDa. 


Lord Gray. 


Aurea, 


robugow. 


Diana. 


Donald. 


Cleo. 


^ 


Snppha. 


Fcmey. 


Solvatiiu. 


ft 


Scotia. 


Diogenes. 


Ltieens. 


■ 


ArtcQc^a. 


Mrs. Maule. 


Mrs. Maiton. 


r 


Mrs. M'Lcsn. 


Enginins. 


Argo. 


VUk. 


Cyrene. 


Collina. 


Acbaius. 




Miu AitoD. 


Hebe. 


Medusa. 




Lady Moncrieff. 


Fergus. 


Mn. Stcirart. 


IK' 


Mrs. Pearson. 


Dougura. 


Tacilus. 


E 


Ajax. 


Conntess of Mansfield. 


Dougal. 


■ 




Leucretius. 


Mrs. Balfour. 


■ 


Mrs. Campbell. 


Conatunline. 


Medas. 


■ 


Antiocb. 


Hobina. 


Plutarch. 


■ 


Lord Lynedocli. 


Lady Dundas. 


Alpine. 


■ 


Mrs. HaniUton. 


LodyWiUougbby. 


Mrs.M.SttrUng. 


W 


Eribas. 


Con gall. 


Miss Grant. 




Priam. 


Cicero. 


Mary Stewart. 


Oabtlh. 


Mr». Richarclwn. 








Mrs. Nairne. 


Concordia. 


Jurinal. 


(&,.»...„ 


/E»p. 


Lethe. 


MiseTliriepland. 


K^ 


Sappho. 


Mordac. 


Carna. 


■ 


Homer. 


Amphilrite. 


Atlas. 


V 


I«abe1la. 




e. Bacchus. 


Wniyane 


Maria. 


Kenuel. 


Cosaadia. 




Mrs. M' Donald. 


Acastus. 




w of Bate. 

li 


Pindar. 


Damon. 


Miss Norton. 



ICOSANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

I Funu of Col.of Monlh >iMi\r. 



Miu tiichartUon. 
Ducheu of Biiccleucb. 
Lndy M. Morray. 



NIobe. 
Lady Dnncsn. 

Nero. 



ID Garden Varieliet aftht Spinti. 
AleKaoder. 
MisK Thnmioii. 
Amiable. 
Minerva. 
Neptune. 
Kdoi. 
PbUbb. 

Lady Meniies. 
David. 

MisB Campbell. 
Miss Patau, 
NruB Stewart. 
BalioU 
Buchaaan. 
MarchionenofAbercDrn. 



n tht ROKtrimn Scoticum. 



CaptaiD. 
FaD. 



Pamassiu. 

Mactietli. 

Dryden. 

Miss Marlia. 

Trilon. 

Lady E. M'Gregor, 

Priam. 

Thespei. 

RuLj. 

Cardinal. 

Mn, Murray. 

Mrs. Craigie. 



Telemachm. 
Mrs. Hny. 
Major. 
Mn. Anan. 

Lady Ramsay. 

ViKotmtewStntbdlu. 
Admirable. 

ViTplia. 
Spencer, 
Shakespear. 



RVBVS,HRAMBLE. Cal.inSdtepits. Prl.i. Ger.troied. Ber.comf. Seediiali.krtfil^wH 



N 



■ffi'oii. E.Fl. related, 

ircticus. E.Fl. Arctic. 

c'nius. E.Fl. Dew-bctry. 
Chamicinonu. E . D . Clmid- beny . 

Gorylifblias. E.B. Haxel-lcBved. 

ii flire-pUno. daMe-fievfg. 

eanJidease. Dc. Canadiaii. 

fhiticoBus. E.Fl. shrabby. 

gland iiloaiu. glandular, 

Id'ieus. B.FI. RaApberry, 

lencoBtachys. s.s. white-spiked. 

uitiduB. E.Fl. Bhining. tera.leafl.ov 

odoritu*. B.M. »w*et-accuted. S-lob. tooth. 

paucilldnu. b.r. few-flowered. piDn,leHQ.&-T'0bl.p1ic.pil.pii. 

plicdtus. E.Fl. plaited. tem. Icafl. cord. ov. 

reBfxua. b.m. rellexed. cord. obi. lob. pilixe. wk. 

■1iamnit31ins,I{,Fl.Ruck.-tborn-rd. digit.orbic.Eerr.leafl.ic.arpii. 

ux^tUis. E.Fl. itonc. Leafl. 3, downy, serr. gr.wh. 

■abet^ctni. E.Fl. iipriglit. piun. bairy, upp. tern. ah. 

^^^ apcctibilis. BC. shewy. tem.palm.leafl.ovjcrr. pur. 



tern.S-lob.leafl.cord.Ov. un 
lern. smth. bluntly Ecrr. to 
teni.DT.luuryuiid.ol^.lob, « 
cord .plai ted ,S-lob.serr. tpj 
S-5-cord. OY. btury. ici 

digit. leaS. lane. smth. icJ 
3*.'i-lob.leal1.aT,obl.dawn.^. £ 
tern.l eafl . orbicov.sc rr. 
pinn.ofSoriov.lenfljcrr. ir. 5, 
quinnate, O'V. obi. hairy, ich. 1, 






FIUGA-RIA,STRAWBERRY. Cal.lO-cltft. Ptt.i. Gcr. 
iitdlca. a.R. ydluW'flaw Vd. tem. Icat). at. serr. ytl. 

rirginiina. uc. icarlet, smtb. lerr. acnn). tch. 

POTENTlLLA,CINQUE-FOIL. Col. lO-parled. Prt. 4-5. 
Alba. E.FL wliite. quia, apex, serr, vh. 

alpfeitris. E.F1. Omnge- Alpine. S- wcdge-sh , hairy, upp. exit. j. 
atrotsneulneB.B.P.G.dBTk-crinuoii.tern.lcBll.cllip.terr.TiU. d.re. 
Clutluia. B.M. Clusiun'b. quin. apei-serr. n-A. 

C^anim. oc. lourah. Lcajl, T-cllip. lanc.scrr. jm. 

Cdnarumpaldttrc. E.Fl. 



). Britaiu. . 

i. Scotland. . 
r. Britain. . 



H.*. 

H.S. 
H.*. 
H.S. 



_ ___ .... H.i. 

r. N.Amer.lsai. H.i- 
- Nepaul. 181S. H.S>. 



. Britain. 
. China. 

. Britain. 



H.S, 
l8.G.»..eL 
.. H.*. 
.. H.». 

- .... H.i. 

lb. 1827. n.i. 



3.10. Nepanl. IBOS. H.p.LifMil 
i. G. N.Ainer. lQit», H.y. ta^i 



Ber. coiuitling r^ ntoay null wmU, 

I. 8. Wa1e> H-V. Stilt 

Scotland H.^. nrfjatf 

G. 9. Ncpanl. 1830. H.ff. *Hi 
T. 8, S.Europ. ISOO, H-D, f^. 
B.T. Britain H.p. — 



] 



ICOSANDRIA P0LY6YNIA. 121 

S^iteiiuiUc RnglUh Fonn of Cor.of Month Native Yr.of 8oU and 

Nme. Name. Learesi&c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

Fragaiia2iiiii.B.Fl.Strawberiy-ld.ter.leafl.orb.obo.8er.hair.ir. S. 4. Brit^^ .... H.^. 

fradcosa. E.B. shrubby. pinn. obi. ent hairy, yel, 6. 8. .... H.j^. 

grkiI]s.B.M. alender. tem.leafl.3-4-iDch long.yW. N.Amer.l827. H.f. 

gnodiflora. b.m . great-flowered, tern. dent, pilose. yeL 6. 7. Siberia. 1640. H.f. 

h dn i^ea. b.iu jagged-leaved. 8egm.7,ob1.1acin.idnnatif. ye. Hnngary.1819. H.f. 

iepal^nBi8.H.Ez.FL Nepal. qiiin.;fe]ii.one8tem.8err. pv. 6. 9. Nepal. 1823. H.f. 

ifrea* dc. white-leaved, leafl. ov. serr. wh. ben. yel, 5. 6. America. 1816. H.^. 

opftca. DC. aaw-leaved. 6-7, lin. cuneat. dent, yel, 6. 7. Scotland H.f. 

mp^stris. B.Fl. rock. pin.wedge-8b.oy.8er.hair. ir. 5. 9. England H.f. 

RaneIliina.B.F.6. RnsaeU's. 3-4,or5,leafl.obov.8er.pil.M. Hybrid. 1827. H.^. 

ipltedein. b.f.g. splendid. pinn. leafl. silky, tooth, wh, Nepaul. 1818. H.^. 

tridentita. E.F1. three-toothed, tern, leafl. obi. wh, S, 6. Scotland H.^. 

finia.£.FL qpring. 5;/€a/l.obo.8err.edge8hair. y. 3. 5. Britain H.f. 

TORMENTTLLAyTORMENTIL, Cal,S-clrfi, Pet.iyobov, Ger,SyWithS8tyle$. Seeds ov.mooth, 

i^tmt. E.F1. trailing. tem.8talked,1eafl.3-5,obo. y, 6, 8. Britain H.^. Sandy loam, 

seeds, 

DAUBA'RDAf DALIBA'RDA. Col, b'6'part, lobes dentie. Pet,S, Sty, 5, very long, deciduous. 

Bc. violet-leaved, simple, cord. serr. tr^ 5. 6. N.Amer. 1708. H,^, Loam If peat. 



lUmoides, v. ditid, roots. 

C9KAR(yPSJSyC0MAR(yPSIS. Cal. tube turb. S-cl^t. Pet, 5, Siam,many, Sty, filiform, elong, 

IMbi. DC. Don's. ter.leafl.wedge-8hap.ser. ye. 5. 6. 1803. H,^,Lojantfjieat, 

ikHkirda Fragarioides, b.m. part, roots. 



CLASS XIII. ORDER I. 

POLYANDRIA MONOGYNIA. Stamens many. Style 1. 

ARGEM^ONEy ARGEM'ONE. Cal, of Z leaves, Cor,of6pets, Ger.ov.i-celled, Seeds numerous. 

aUfldn. B.M. white-flowered, amplex. lobes spiny. wh, 6. 7. Louisian. 1820. H.^* Sandy soil, 

pHidifldnu B.s« large-flowered, obi. pinnatif. spott. wh. Mexico. 1827. H.^. seeds. 

B.E. Mexican. spiny, dent, spott. yeL 1592. H.S. 



LETTSrOMIAyLETTS'OMIA. Cal.fif 6 leaves. Pet.S. Sty, short, Stig.Z-S. Ber. Z-S-celled. 

tMtuttisi D€. woolly. lane, ent silky ben. .... Pern. 1820. S.|^. Light soil 

and letif mould, cuttings. 

[nuiny cells. Seeds round. 

MYMPffMAy WHITE WATER-LILY. Cal.o/^ large leaves. Pet. numer. attached to the g£r. Ber.qf 



£.FI. white. cord. ent. smth. float, wh. 6. 7. Britain H.w.f^.Strong loam, 

DC. Uae. pelt.sob-ent.8mth.base2-lob. 6. 9. Egypt. 1812. S.ir.9* or mad, iti 

Egyptian. pelt, sharply serr. pub. wh. ■ 1802. S.tr.^. ponds, seeds 

sweet-scented, cord. ent. nnd. nerv. wh. 7. N.Amer.l786.H.tr.9* or dtvu/. at 

filHa.B.v. red. sub-orbic. ent. smth. red. 7. 8. E.Ind. 1803. S.io.9* the roots, 

KUPBAR, YELLOW WATER-LILY. Cal.qf&-6conc,leaves, Pet,numjurr,if honey-bear, at the back, 

Mveoa. dc. stripe-flowered. cord.erect,lob.divaric. yeL 7. 8. N.Amer. m2,¥L.w,^,Loam. seeds, 

R 



POLYANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

It ranavf C<Uf Moiili Sum Vr^ 



ronl. lobei maote. 
cord, lobes appraxim. 



yrl. T. S. ScotLmd. . 
)k1. 6. T. BrituD. 



^ 

K 



JUNGVniA'Rli,PCCCOON. Cal.i-ieattii. PH.S-IS. AulSI. $1^.«. Cqu. vUon;, S-toIiiA ' 
rMiilfiiiti, a.M. C«Bail.-Dlood-wor. ftalk.tuu/.nntli. vA. 3. 4. N.Ai>Kr. ICSO, H.y. 5iradr fM 

BmAflin.B.F.e. targe-floweml. muT.nib-Thib.glaD. wA. 4. &. 1812. H.p. ^^c^f'aMdi 

furti»s^ at llu m 
BAnHJCEJflA.SWE-SADDLE.FLOWER. CaLdtubU^l-iUarti. C*r.<>/3pr(. Capt-S-aOti^ 
U*s. S.N. jcDow. enLtulHi.T>l*.conlrH:l. yrl. 6. 7. N.Aaier. l7Sa. H.^. Peat. 

poqile. cncnl. vent. arch. pur. IftlO. H-IJ. parting tl' 

hook-leaved. elong. apei tubular. gT.ytl. IBOS. H.p. 



aPARRMA'NIirA.SPARimj-NNLA. Cal.siftleatu. Pn.A,fviauUd. Stam. 
B-M. Atrican. cord, lab, aerr. pnbts. 



•k. 3. T. C.B.S. IT90. O.Si. UgU k 



ACTXA, BANE-BERRIES. raI.i>/4. 

Mill. wldte-berried. bi-tritem.; ledfI.OT.lan.serr. 4. 6. N.Amer. 
la. DC Herb- Cbrutopli.lTiIem,;J<ajl.ov.»erf. col. w. Britain. 



BDNNBMA-NNlA.HONNE/aA-NNIA. Coi.9/2l«r«. Prt.4. Stie.ptUA,*>tU.i-la. Cap*.V 
e.FninilDry-rd. tritern. glan 




CHELWayWM,CELANDtSE. Cal.ii\f<r.i-tltJ'f. Pet.i,tqii. PodiqfitrictU: SctiUMM. 
. lari^Oowered. pion. leg. dent. lob. |i«J.4.10. Dnburia. 1623. H.p.ComMMwlL 
o*. E.F1. common. S-lob. lobes Un. acnt, yil. Britain H.y. attit, 

BacUSCH0rLTZIA,ESCH8Ca0hTZIA. Cal.tf\le«f. Ctn-.o/tpetLolxn. Capt.nmnd.Vi-'M. 
[.adUSndea. d.h. Hcwslea'. glau. Ui^nnatilid. yel.l.io. Caliram. 1626. n.^.GariiwtMm. 

I GLAVCWyi. HORNKD-POPPy. Cat. «/ 2 oblong Itai 
I fnivuiD. n.F.G. Omngc-colur'J.pinn.iipp.ampl.cord. ar. 6. 0. S.Earop. 1802. H.^. jlu^ MlL 
Uvam. E.F1. yellow. pinnntif. lyralc, hairy, yel. G.IO. Britain H.K. 

. icarlet. obl.hair,; ttan pinaatir. acar, 0. T. England H.3. 

Violet. bipinn. acg.ltn. Ecabr, bl.5.7. — H.a. 

tcALANDRlNIAtCALANDRFNIA. CW.3-par(. Pf(.S-5. Sly-ihort. Cajn.uW. !-«««*, 

rof. 0. 9. ChUe. ia:ie. G.^. Sa«if /^ 



K inndlflora. a. 8. lac^e-flowcred. rhooibirid, e 

[I celt. Sttii kidney-A^< 
I PAPA'VEll,POPPY. Co/.y2aco«(«ic«. Pcl.A.untq. Grr.oHoi.ff. Slj.O. Slig.petttti. Cft.^ 

9r. G. T. Britain H.a. Saadjl*^ 



Ai^mone. E.FI. looerougli-bead.bipinn. scgm. 1 



L 



bl pinnate, b 
pino, pari, hairy. 



-Auslria. lTi9. H.p. 

). Caocas. 1B31, ILf. 



d^ 



i 


POLYANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 


■ 


123 




Enttlth 


Funii ur 


C«ij,f M 


aib Nacire 


Yr.= 


Kull iiid 




Mjqc. 


I-Ba.ri.ftc. 








Pru|»iilU.B. 


icum. E.F1. yellow. 


piDD. ent. 


S>l. 6. 


B. Wale». 




H.». 


D. E.FL 


loDguDtb.-hcml. plan. part, lobes denl. 


re, — 


- Britain. 




H.fl. 


ladnm. n.B. many-flawercd. pinn. upp. piDnatil'. 


re. — 


- Levant. 


1815 


H.B. 


Ham. E.FI 


hybrid. 


bi^nna. seg. Iln. revol. 


tc. — 


- Eiiglnnii 




H.a. 


kole. B.FI 


naked-stalket] 


. pinnatif. legm, tooth. 


S'l.— 


- Sibprin 


I7J0. 


H.». 


UcB.a. 


oricDlol. 


pinn. part, bairy.serr. 


rtd.5. 


. N.3.W. 


1714. 


H.». 


f«nn>.i>c 


white. 


Binpl.gtaa . \ravy .no Icb 


bl.u-. T. 


. En);laiid 




H.a. 


OPB-rLLVM,DUCK'S-FOOT. Ciil.of3Uarti.dctid. C 


r. 0/0 (0 D 


p«<. 


Bcr. orflit, nfl «K. 


nn. a.H. 


pelCte. 


pelt.lob.serr.imlb.reti 


. tt'A. 7 


. N.Amei 


1664. 


H.|i.a.»d,J««». 












««i»,or((irid.alf«i(. | 














lorStnrdiinewh. 


U,UUE-TREE. Coi-S 


paTt. com. Cor.p/SotDit. p<(. Gt 


.ortie. SIiff.3- 


Bff. Capi.ii/'icclU, 


hoc. 


broad -leated 


cord. sen-, smth. 


wh. 0. 1 


N.Araer 


1732. 


H.C. Common 


rrirt«. L. 












loom. 


iC*jlU.D 


. nhite-iearetl. 


cursub-ainii.dc(i.wb.bcn. «. G. 8 








H.C. hgeri. 


iMidi. 














iM».i)C 


iDlcmicdiate. 


3-4-inclilong,serr. conl 


g'.B. 


. Bribin. 




H.C. 


»••-. B.B. 














HrTi». DC 


■mall leaved. 


orbiccord.smtli. above 


icA. 







H.ff- 


tf*li..r.B 














(kjTla.i.c. 


broad-lenveil 


cord, acuni. lerr, hairy 


Kh. 6. 7 


, 




It.ff. 


■WUu. Ehrli. 












MM. DC. 


donny. 


cor.trunc.obliq.serr.p«b. w. T. 8 


N.Amer 


172G. 


H.C. 


i,B-lXJ 


Cd. <ff& Uacc, 


Pct.S,obo<)ati. Capl.l-ctlled,3 


ealrcd. .VcfdaS-lO. | 


M.B.M. 


Orellana. 


cord. ov. eut. smth. 


rt>,. 5. e 


S.Amcr. 


IflDO. 


S.£. Sandy lonm ^^J 












nadW '»«><'•'. caltiayl. ^^^ 


riJ, GfiEW/J. Col. 5 


pari. Pn. 5. Slam. «iim 


. SUj. I. 


Slig.^-lo 


. Niil 


:t-crl(«i, ^ S-ittd. ^^H 


uc. 


two-coloured. 


scrr.ov. obi. hoary ben. 


«cA 


- Senegal 


lam. 


S.£. Sdady low-^^l 


>. DI-. 


OVal-k'UVL-d. 


uv.cren.tmth.apexalte 


,u>h. ... 


E.Ind. 


IB16. 


S.S'. iNd pe«t. ^^M 


Wb. B.M 


Elm-leaved. 


ov. obi. dent. amth. 


PUT. 1. 9 


C.B.S. 


1U9I). 


G.^. cufliiig^). ^^H 


(»U>. DC. 


tippi»i(c-leBTed.av. aciuti. dent. Hcnbr. 


pm. 


Nepaul. 


1S18. 


s.^. ^H 


«. DC. 


Lime.treerd. 


eoKl. round, amlh.ierr 


ipfc. . . . 


E.Ind. 


1813. 


s.s. — ^M 


bUDC. 


nrabel-flower'E. cllip. dent. ■mth. 


puT. 7. Q 


. 


1818. 


s.*. — H 


fEA,lSAJUil'EA. Cat 


ttfaltaTa,ciik. Pel.*. 


Fitam. nN 


neroul. .S 


ig.capiuae. SniiSi. ^^| 


M. DC. 


American. 


obov. obi. C-llt. 


kA. D. 8 


S.Ainer. 


1737. 


S.».5a)></i,li»ui ^H 


ibi.iH:. 




obav.oht, apex notch. 





Mexico. 


1830. 


S.». o.d,«r»l. ^H 






Cl 


t[.-»jr., xx 


idrrapJu. 


inuiid,<rUlitrike/rtclf. ^^M 


JtSTR<EMU, l.iGERSTR<E!UlA. Cai.e.jHin 


. P(t. 6-clar. Stan 


.18-30 


Cap>.3-S-crJJc<I. ^^H 


UM. 


IndUn. 


sub rot. ov. ocul. smth. 


red.S.IO 


China. 


1730. 


F.i. Lighl loam ^^M 


,BC. 


oblons.leaved. 


obi. tUDOOUl. 


roj. 


E.I»d. 


17112. 


S.^.l!U>if mould, ^^m 




. Sitiq 


^H 


Id. ».». 


acu>mnate. 


ov. lancacum.sintli. 


Kh. 6. 7 


E.Ind. 


821. 


s.S. — ' ^H 

TtrUh<icurltdni.i. ^^| 


CARPOB,ELJEOCARPDS. Cal. t-parttd. Pet. 6,thei 


apf*((.n. 


JnlATs-caletd. iirupi ^^M 


I.B.N. 


Wne-ftmied. 


obi. lane, icrr.reikul. 

Ra 


■rh. 6. 8. 


N.Holl. 


803. 


G.».P<.>i^l««n. ^H 


I^H 


^^^H 


^^^^^^H 






^1 


^^^^^^^^H 



124 POLYANDRIA M0N06YNIA. 

Sjrttematic English Form of Col.of Month Native Yr.of Soiluid 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c. Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. Propagaliott. 

integrifdlias. oc. entire -leaved, ov. obi. obt. ent ....Maarit. 1880* 8.|b- cuitimg9, 

serriitiu. dc. serrated. lane, ellip. serr. pur. 6. 8. ELInd. 1774. S.J^. 

{irregtilarf nmmerpm$, 
C'ISTUSf CISTUS. Cdi.qf5leave$. Pet.5^ equal. Gen round. Cape.qfvariouMcdlsa^uihes. SteA 

&lbidiu. DC. white. seas. obi. ellip. hairy. ra$. 5. 9. S.Earop. 1640. H.|b* Lomm^pmii 

Cldflii. Sw.C. Clusius's. lin.S-nenr.marg.revol. irA. 6. 8. Spain. — — H.Sb»orle^flmtmU' 

florentinus. dc. Florentine. lane, rugose, reticol. wh. Italy. H.|&. cmitmga, 

hirsAtof . Sw.C. hairy. ov. obi. obt. hairy. tch. Spain. 1656, H.|^. ■ ' 

Inc&nns. Sw.C hoary-leaved, spathnl. hairy, rogose. Ui, S.Eorop. 1596. V,§t> — — 

lanrifdlias. Sw.C. Laurel-leaved. ov.lan.S-ner.smth.down.ben. 1731. H.|^. 

ladanffems. DC. flat-leaved gum. lin. lane smth. vh. Spain. 1629. T.§t* -* 

popalifoliiis.Sw.C. Poplar-leaved, cord. acum. smth. wh, 5. 6. 1656. H.|lt>« ^— ^-» 

parvifldrus. Sw.C. small-flowered, ov. acut. downy. It, 6. 8. Levant. 1821. F.j^. — ^— 

purpikreus. dc. purple. obl.lanc.acum.rugose. pur, F.J^. 

unduliltas. Sw.C. wavy. ses8.lin.ob1.lanc.undu]. pier. 5. 8. S. Europ. H.|^. — — 

vaginitns. dc. sheathing. lanc.acuthairy,3-nerv. ros, 4, 8. Teneriff. 1779. F.J^. ■ ■ 

villdsns. Sw.C. villous. round,ov.nigose,hairy. pur, S. Europ. 1610. F.i^. — — . 



ICapM. 
HELrANTHEMUM,SUN'ROSE. Cal.qf5leaveSfZqfthemequ.the2exter.Uav€$very9nudl. PiLU 



Andersdni. Sw.C. Anderson's. opp. obi. lane, pubes. ye/. 5.10. Hybrid. 1827. H.|^. 

alyaB6ides. DC Alyssum-like. sess. obi. ov. hairy. ye/. 6. 8. S. Europ. — F.|^. mid kuf 

alp^stre. Sw.C. Alpine. obi. ellip. nearly smth. ye/. Europe. 1816. H.J^. mmkL 

Barreli^ri. dc. Barrelier's. lin. obi. opp. pubes. ye/. Italy. 1822. F.|^. l«$eT^ «r 

barb^tum. Sw.C. bearded. opp.ellip.obt.hair.on both sid.5.10. S.Europ. 1820. H.|^. cti<ltaiyt,Mi 

c4nam. dc. hoary. obov.hairy ; «/em pilos. ye/. 6. 7. Europe. 1772. F. J^. der u 

conf<§rtum. dc. crowded. lane, ellip. obt. toment. ye/. Teneriff. — — F.J^. 

c&ndidam. Sw.C. white. opp.lan.obo.8pott.canes. ye. Spain. 1822. F.J^. 

erioc&nlon. dc. woolly-stalked, opp. obi. lin. hairy. ye/. 182S. H.fll. 

eric6ide8. DC. Heath-leaved, alt. imbr. half round, ye/. S.Europ. F.J^. 

elUpticum. Sw.C. elliptic-leaved, opp. ellip. downy. Bt, Levant 1827. F.|^. 

formdsum. dc. beautiful. obov. lane. opp. vill. ye/. 5. 7. Portug. 1780. F.||t>* 

Cif/MJ/orm^eaw. b.m. 264. 

grandifldmm. dc. large-flowered. obl.hairy^pul.ciliat. ye/. 6. 7. Pyrenees.1800. H.^. 

gntti^turo. DC. spotted-flow'r'd.opp.sess.obl.lin.hairy. ye/. England H.9. 

glomeritnm. DC. duster-flow'd. lane. obi. hairy. ye/. N.Spain. 172S. F.|t>. 

ledifdUum. Sw.C. Ledum-leaved. opp.obl.den.smth.up.alt. «l. England H.2U 

lanceolitnm.Sw.C. lance-leaved, opp. lane. acut. hairy, wh. H.J^. 

mut&bile. Sw.C. changeable. flat. ov. obi. hairy ben. p.re. 6. 8. Spain. 1795. H.|^. 

obsciiram. Pen. obscure. edges revol. ye/. 5. 8. Europ. 1816. H.J^. 

prociimbent.8w.C. procumbent, alt. lin. pilose. ye/. 6. 7. S.Europ F.|lt>* 

Tnberirla. Sw.C. Plantain-leav'd. ov. obi. 3-nerv. hairy, ye/. 1758. F.||. 

veniiitiim. Sw.C. charming. lin. lane. vill. in pairs. ec. 1800. H.^. 

PR(yCKIA,PR(yCKIA. Cal.permanentyl'5'paned. Cor.O. Stam, numer<m$. SHg.emtirt. 

Chicis.B.R. Santa Cms. cord. ov. dent pnbes. ye/. 7. 8. S.CnIs. 1822. S.J^. 

eutting8y not quite ripened^ will root readily^ if planted in pole qfmnd^ under « 
OR keai. 



POLYANDRIA DIGYNiA. 



ORDER II. 

DIGYNIA. Styles 2. 



Eiicllih 



'eRA,BAVEHA. Cal.l-9-faTtrd,lobttlin. Pet.1-9-dttid. CapM.i-yaUed,2-i-vahti. 
Ik a.c. dwarf. leafl.obl.cren ; Sr.pub. rid. 

tloda. e.j|. Madiler-IeBYed. ellip. den. *m th.fi bawbanw. 

•RERCriLLA, FOTUERG-IILA. Ca/.ompo«.6-T-<«itted. Fet.O. C«p».a-<M!Kcd,l-»nfd*d. 

oUa. u.iii. obtuse leavod. obov, nJt. smth. tch. i. 0. N.Amcr, I70S, H.^.Ptal. layt 



2. N.S.W. 1SD4. O.^.Peat^l«m. 
— I79S. G.*. caUiitg: 



E ORDER III. 

TRIGYNIA. Styles 3. 
>I,U01UALIVM. Cal.a-l-part. Car. qf ^7 pet*. Stam.nHm. Cipi.l-ctlUd, 

r~ 



Loam If pat, 
mtting$. 



ORDER IV. 

PENTAGYNIA. Styles 2-5. 



')KlA,P£ONY. Cat.5-part.toiu. Pel.S. F: 
«■. t.T. wlii'e-lluwt'rcil. put.smth.Kg.OT 

fodido. falc-fioKtred. 

anArita. Tartaiian, 

Siberian. 



t.AitK.BfictU: Capt.fr<Hn3,t,i 






rhiiUji. 



aiUtU. 
tifilia. 



\. S. 6. Siberii 



1T84. 



tnl. 



Bu«u'». 

fiagranl. 

riff'"- 

WhilUy-i. 

tingtt-fioKrrcd. 

jugged -leaved, pimi .lobes oT.lane.smtb. pk. 



en tire- leaved. 

coiudy. 
PalUt't. 

bread-ltaccd. 

hybrid, 

'l-iirf. 



bilel 



i.gtsu.pub.cbni 



biterQ.lcaQ.ellip. 

S-part. segm. obi. obt. rtd. 



maltlp. seg.lin. smtb 
lead. S-part. Unc.t 



H.». 
H.». 
H.|l. 

H.V. 
H.V. 
H.9. 
H.p. 
H.D. 
H.e. 
H.». 

H-l. 

H.». 

- H.«. 

— H.p. 

- H,fl. 

5. Ciiuciuus.lBt2. H.p, 
S. 0. SiHiin. 1G33. H.p. 



Rich toam^ 
ttedt, ur dl^ ' 
Elding at 



' China. 1810, 



Siberia. 1768. 

— Crete 

— - Enitlaiiii 

Turkey 



■p 


POLYANDRIA PENTAGYNIA. 


■ 


■ 


^^^V SritemUlc 


Bngllib 


Fiirmor Cul.,.f Moiilh Nilivc Tr.B 




Mint 










PrOftUk 


^^M loUlD. 


bbe-lcaved. 


terli.leBfl.pinn.>eg.3.1ob. «:. 5. 6. Portugal. 18*1. 


H.». 


. 


^^H iB6Uis. 


soft. 


leafl. ov. lane, lob. red. S.Siberia 


H.». 


— 


^^H Koatkn. a.d.r. 


Chinese-treG. 


obi. ov. gUu. pfc. 4. 0. Cbina. lT<i9. 


H.*. 


■ 


^^H 


Bankn-i. 




H.*. 




^^^^1 S. papareratea 


PoBmi-Soieerfd tirh. 


H.$. 




roM- coloured. 


pfc. ...- 


H.*. 







officinal. 


leafi. amtb. Beg. OT. lao. va. 5. G. Europe. lOlS. 


HO. 





^^^^ rista. 






H.«. 




^^^M 


bland. 




H.9. 




^^M 
^^H 


Ttd. 

Sabini't. 


red, 


H.». 
H,». 









dark rtd. 




H.^. 


^^H 0. purpbreui. 
^^^1 carniMfTi*. 


pi^rpU. 
Turkisli. 




H-V. 




u,fc, 


H.P. 
H.J. 





S-part.seg.ellt.OT.Iliic red. Levant. tSS8. 


^^^M CBiapicta. 


Gmitlc'i. 


pic, 


H-i). 




pk. 


H.9. 







paradoxical. 


many-pan. obt. nnd, pk. Levant 


H.». 





^^m l._fimbrUita. 
^^P 9. simptUi/IAT 


/ringed, 
I linglejioicertt 




H.9. 




' 


H.9. 


■ 


r«. ...... .... 


H.V. 





pfiben,. B.M. 


donny. 


bitern.leafl.lan.pob.beii. K. 1821. 


H.e. 





H[|»1. 8.F.G. 


rrinuon. 


tern, teafl. pinn. pubeg. er. Sieily. 


H.f. 







slender-leaved 




H.fl. 


. 


^ Vi»6»l. ».F.O. 


Yillouj. 


tritem.upp.teni.RlBii.vill.u'. S.Europ. 1816. 


H.B. 




^^1 wkbUii. 


cljaugeable. 


leafl. lane. smth. r.wh. 1839. 


H.ll. 





^" DELPHINIUM,LARKSPUR. C<J.O. Pc(.S,kB<9.(fte.q..>ufc.J)-^Mrr. A'wf.dir 


d. Gn-.lS.rS, J 


•Ipinam. 


Alpine. 


palm, lobes lane. 11. e. 7. Hiingaiy.lBl6. 


H.8. 


ligkib^J 


ail^Tenni, dc. 


blae-Aowcred. 




H.(.dMrw4 


cUnC-nse. B.C. 


ChiUMd. 


palm.8eBm. laoc. d.j;. 6. 9. Cbina. 1818. 


H.ll. 


llu rMk. 


ccnaAlida. E.Fl. 


field. 


BeM.inmany«eB,3-elef.acui. O.T.England 


H.a. 


mtdi. 


cnDcalum. b.r. 


Wolga. 


S-T-lob.baac cun.tob.acut.bJ. T. 8. Wolga. ISIS. 


H.». 





df .color. 


two-culoured. 


pnliD. leafl. liU. ej, • Siberia. 1819. 


H.». 





grandifldniiD. d 


. great. flowered 


palm, mullif. lobei lin. W. 0. 9. 1741. 


H.a. 


■ 


1. <<»»». 
1 3.ft6r..pUn.. 

^^L HeniU>U. m.it. 


whiU. 

doubU-Jloiter-d 
MounbdD. 


icA. — China. 1816. 


H.B. 
H.». 
H.». 

H.e. 


— 




pubes. S-lobed, cnt. W. 7. 9. Pyreoee. 1819. 


Mn. Menaw'. 


5-part. lobes trif. Iln. pur.bl. 6. T. N.Amcr. 182u. 


P^^.„. 


rf.ewy. 


Slob. pub. lobes serr. bl. 7. 8. Caucasus. 181 7. 


H.». 





^^ dcoNrruM, 


W^OLF'S-BANE. €al.O. l'ct.S,upp.l- beaded. Secl.i,rKarv. Gei-.S-4,i>f S.tMnJ 


ilbuDi. n.K. 


while. 


S-S-part.lobcaS-fid.toulli.u'. 7. 8. Levant. 1T:>3. 


H.J). iiU kd 
H.V.JIriMl^ 


A'nlhora. w. 




mnltlf. Mgm. Iln. acnt. il. C. 8. Pyreuee. 1590. 


blflfimm. Full. 


two-flowered. 


5-purt.ooloDgBtalksXpnp Siberia. 1807. 


H.». 


IbentLM 


barUMm. 


bearded. 




H.B. 


MAf*. 1 


, N,n,*n™.w. 


comntoD. 


s-clefl,Kgm.Hn.fnrrow. bl. Europe. 1506. 


H.». 


^^LKiitDle6cnni.B.H 


.pale yellow. 


pnlm. 5-lob. pabcs. yet. 6. 9. Ca«cain!.1794. 


H.B. 




^^■1 e.c 


paniclcd. 


Br. twisted, flexuose. bl. Switierl 


KB. 


— .M 


1^ 


.hewy. 


lobed. Pan. lax. bl. 7.8 ISD4. 


H.B. 


J 


^^^ 


^^^ 






^M 



POLYANDBIA PENTAGYNIA. 127 

$jtumaac EntlUli Fonn of Col.of Month Native Yr.of Soil and 

Nime. Name. Leaves, Ac Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

HIBBE'RTlAyHlBBE'RTIA. C0L iff 5 leaves. Pet.5,decidu. Caps, numer. <iflen i-i-seeded. 

itatMtiu DC. toothed-leaved, obi. «ciiin. smth. dent yeh 1. 8. N.Holla. 1814. 0.|^.cl. Sandy loam 

|rainIariaBflina.DC.Oooseberry-rd.orbic. cren. dent. smth. yeh S. 8. 180S. 0.^.c/. If peat, cut' 

eremitm. a.r. tinga wiU 

pcdoDcollita. DC long-pedided. lin. obt. edges revol. yel. 5. 8. N. S.W. 1822. 6.^. strike root 

iiBbiBs. DC. twilling. oboY.Unc.8ab-ent.pab. yek 5.10. 1796. G.^.cL readily mi- 

der a hand-gUus, in the same kindnfaoit, 

AQOILETGIAy COLUMBINE. Cal.O. Pet. 5, equal. Neet.5. Ger.5. Sty. 5, with simple stigmas. 



B.F.o. Alpine. maltif. lobes lin. bl. 5. 6. Switzerl. 1731. H.9* Sandy soil 

ilnparp4rea.B.R. porple-flower'd.on long stalks leafl.wedge-ib. 4. 5. Siberia H.9* oiMi letff 

B.M. Canadian. parted, segm. 3-part. red. 5. 6. N.Anier.l640. HJ^.numld.seeds. 

.B.F.G.Mti8 Gamier's. ter.8eg.3-part.ob.den.jni.^. Hybrid. 1830. H.9* 

B.F.G. glandalar. bitem.leafl.bifid^or 3-fid. bl. Altay. 1818. H.9« 

DC. Siberian. bit.np.ter.sinth.8eg.dent. 6/. Siberia. 1806. H.||. 



CatlCfFUGAy BUG-WORT. Cat. ^-S-parted. Pet. 4-8. Cope. 1-5, o62ofi^, many-seeded. 

i.M. heart-leaved, bitem.leafl.cord.lob.serr. w. 6. 7. Carolina. 1812. H.^. Sandy loam 

B.M. palmate. large, palm. serr. wh, 7. 8. -^— — H.^^^" l^uumld. 

seeds^ or parting roots. 

_ IBer. with 6, or more cells. 

9nun(yTES, fVATER'SOLDIER. Col. o/ileqf, tubal. Z-part. Cor. qfZ pets. Ger.triaug. Sty.6. 

E.FL Water Aloe. sword-sh. triang. serr. wh. 6. 7. England H.tr.9. mud in 

ponds, parting at root* 



ORDER V. 

POLYGYNIA, Styles many. 

ANEMO^NEfANEMO^NE. Cai.O. Sep. from i'J6,imbrie. Ger.nume. Sty. short. Seeds pointed. 

E.FL blae moontain. tiitem.segm.lanc.dcnt bl. 3. 4. England H.^* Light loam 

white. tern. 5-part. apex dent. wh. 4. 5. Daharia. 1818. H.^^^* leqf mould. 

Parsley-leaved, tem. vill. leafl. pinnatif. yel. 6. 7. Europe H.^* seeds, or 

BJK. poppy. tern. segm. maltif. par. 1.12. Levant. 1596. H.9* JMWtta^al 

W.eo. Bailer's. pinnatis.vill.seg.3-part. pur. 4. 5. Switzerl. 1816. H.9. root. 

E.F1. wood. tern. segm. trif. dent. wh. 3. 5. Britain H.9. 

/Lpf6M. double-Jlower^g. 

pmUm, DC* acate-petaled. 3-part.lobeswedge-sh. re. 4. 5. Levant. .... H.||. 
/,fUm. doubU'flowefg. 

meadow. pinn. segm. part. lin. d.par. 5. German. 1731. H.9* 

B.B. palmate. orbic.cord.3-lob.cren.viU. y. 5. 6. Portagal.1597. H.9. 

u Pasque-flower, pinn. segm. maltif. pur. 4. 5. England H.^. 

lMBadofdes.E.FLyellow wood. quin. leafl. trif. yel. 3. 4. . . . • H.9. 

I.M. SDOW-drop. 3-part. trif. dent. wh. 4. 5. Europe. 1596. H.^. 

DC. star. 3-part lob.con.ent.den.p.6r. Italy. H.J. 



I MMa. DC three-leaved, tem. segm. ov. lane. pur. France. 1597. H.9. 

r viliaiia. B.R. Vine-leaved. orbic.cord.5-7.lob.serr. wh. Nepal. 1827. H.J. 



128 POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 

Systematic English Form of Col.of Month Native Tr^ taUi 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c. Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 

HEPA'TICAy HEPA'TICA. Inrol Z-leaved, l-flow*d. Sep. 6-9, petal-like, arranged ts 2-S rwtc*. 

americina. DC. American. cord. S-lob. lobes ent. 6/. 2. 4. N.Amer. 1800. li,y^,8tmii§i 

angul^sa. dc. angnlose. palm. 5-lob. serr. R 1816. H.f. jwrli'm' 

acatU6ba. DC. acote-lobed. cord. lob. lobes ent.acnt 6/. 1818. H.f. rmU^ 

tril6ba. DC. three-lobed. cord, lobes oy. acut. 6/. Earope. 157S. H.^. — -.. j 

An€m6ne Hepdtica, l. 

Jl6re pUno, double-flower^ g red, H.f. 

fl, pUno, carul, double-blue-fl^g bl, H.||. 

Alba, white, wh, H.f. 

CLPMATISf VIRGIN'S BOWER. CaLO. Pet. i-S, regu. Ger.ov,seu. Sty,elomg, Seedicami^i 

angnstifdUa. oc. oarrow-leaYed. plnn. segm. Ud. lane, wh, 5, 9. Siberia. 1787. H.9- 

anatrttca. h.v. Alpine. bitem.8egm.0Y.lanc.8err. bl, Austria. n9%,H.^.eL 

Atragine dpima, DC. ^^ 

calydna. b.m . Minorca. tern. segm. cut, dent. tt, 12.3. Minorca. 178S.H.^.«I. 

cordifdUa. beart-leaved. cord. ent. cillat pur 1829.H.|bu;<. 

drriMisa. dc. ereigreen. ov. sab-cord. dent. pur, S. 4. S.Europ. 1596.H.|^.«I. 

crispa. B,n, coried-flow'd. ent. S-lob. acat. pu, 7, 9. N.Amer. 1726.H.|^.c(. 

dioica. DC. Jamaica. tem.segm.ov.cord.smth. wh, 5. 6. Jamaica. 173S. S.^.cL 

florida. B.M. large. tem.8egm.ov.acot.ent.trA. 4. 9. Japan. l776.H.|^.c/. 

fl, pUno, double-flower^g, 

IntegrlfBlia. u entire-leaved, opp. eltip. lane bl, 6. 8. Hongary.1596. H.^* 

parflfl6ra. dc. small-Bowered. pinn.8eg.8mth.ent.S-lob. tr^ 1 822.H. J^.cl. 

reHcul&ta. DC netted. 8mth.with31ob.oY.en.seg.p«. 6. 9. N.Amer. 18l2.H.^.cl. 

vlrglniina. dc Virginian. tern. segm. cord. acut. wh, 6. 8. l767.H.|^.rl. 

Vitic^lla. B.M. parple. en.ov.decoro.ter.seg.ent.pK. 6. 9. Spain. 1569.H.|b«cl« 

1, Alba, white-flowered wh, .... H.J^.d. 

2. cetruUa, blue, bl, .... H,^,d, 

Vit41ba. B.B. Traveller's joy. pinn.segm.ov.lancdent. wh. 7. 9. England H,S^,cl, 

AD(yNISf ADO'NIS. Cal.qf 5 concave leare$. Pet. 5-15, Nect.O, Seeds numeroui, angular, 

antnmniHs. E.F1. Pheasant's-eye. ses8.tripinnatif.segm.lin. $c, 5.10. Britain H.2U Siarfjp 

flAmmea. oc Flamecolonr^d. bipinn. segm. lin. fl. 6. 7. Austria. 1800. H.fll. mtitt ^ 

vem&lis. b.m. perennial. sheath, sees, multif. yel. 3. 4. Earope. 1029. H.9* ■■ ^ 

•J 

THALrCTRUM, MEADOW-RUE, Cal.O, Pet, i-i, cone, imbrie. Ger,striat. Sty.O. SHg.dkim 

anemonofdes. dc Anemone-like. bitem.app.simp.vertici. wh. 4. 8. N.Amer. 1768. H.f. Stmig IM 
A nemSm thaUctroidea. w. 4* kqf hmM^ 

alplnnm. B.B. Alpine. biter.;/ea/7.orbi.cren.glaa.ir. 5. 6. Britain H.f. tftrWv^ 

angostifdliam. dc. narrow-leaved. Leafl. lin. Unc. ent if el. 6. 7. Germany. 1739. H.^* 

aqailegifdliam.DC Colambiae-lv*d. Leq/7. flat, 8-lob. obt. l.pu. 5. 7. Enrope. 1731. H.||. 

elitam. dc tall. J>a/7.smth.ov.sabc.trifid.ye. 6. 8. Hungary. 1794. H,^, 

flivum. E.F1. common. bipinn.;2eq/2.obov.trifid. ye/. 5. 7. Britain H.||. 

galiofdes. DC sweet scented. Le((/I. lin. narr. ent. yel, Europe. 1816. H.f. 

gladcnm. dc glaacous-lpav'd. Le«i/2.subc.ov.glan.8-fid. ye. tf. 7. S.Europ. 1708. H.^* 

Idcidum. DC shining. Leafl. lin. lane. ent. yel, 6. 7. Spain. 1739. H.9* 

miyus. E.F1. large. tripi.;Iea/f.trif.dcntglau. pu. 6. 8. England H.^* 

mlnuy. B.FI. lesser. bipinn.;Ieq/l.tem.trif.glau.y. 6. 7. Britain H.9* 

mgdiiam. dc rugose. segm. ov. sub-cord, glauc. ye, 7. N.Amer. 1774. H,^* 



roLYANDIllA POLYGVNIA. 



WLT<yNIA,ENOWLTO'NIA. Cal.i-parttd. Pet. ila, ttUhaiuUad claw. Graiml- 
DC. rigii). l)itcni,Beg^iib-cor,iiiilh. gr. 3. 5. C, B.S. ITSD. O.Tfi.Loamlfpeat, 
loria. B.H. blistering. bitem.ieg.sub-cor^nitb. gr. S. 4. 1691. O.^. dividing 

VRUM, ISOPY'RUM. Cals-part. Pel.S,eqtMl. Cap6.ieMMile,\^tlUd,>aiag.ierdeil. 

ioides. DC. Fumilory-Uke. Z^q^.ucut.; Ca)<a.IO-ao. irh. 6. T. Slberin. 1741. H.'S-Sandyloam, 

loCdes. DC. MeadowRae-IiI.pinn.leafl.cord.lob.deat.KiA. 3, 4. luly. ITJO. H.{). aceda, or 

parting ruott, 1 
LLIVS, GLOBE-FLOWER. CuI.O. Fet.fromitolS. Nect.i-lO. Ger.ttuiU. Stj/.O. 
eimu. B.M. American. qtiin. scgm. terr. gtl. S.T. N.Anier. ISDS. H.9. Light iMMkl 
'BM.E.P1. ntouDtaiD. in 5 legm. cut undserr. ytfJ. 5.6. Briloiu H.^, par 



rii.E.FI. AlpiDe. cord, uBtb.S-lob.upp.lanc.ir. G. e. Scotland H.fi, Light aandg I 

inns. H.r. wood. renif.S-S-lob.up.inlin.seg.y. S. S. .... H.|J. lixun.tetdt,'' 

iXKtuVa.B.tK.ataiiteK. ov. lane. amplcK. u'A. 4. S. Pyrencc. IG33. H.p. oroftetn 

MU.E.FI. bulbous. trif)d,segia. cul. y«f. 4. 6. Britain H.a./romrDDU. * 

iH. ir. Crplan. cord, orblc. dent. yel. Candia. 1CS8, H.p. 

mb.E.F1. Len.spear-wnrl.DT. lane. upp. tin, serr. yW, fl. D. BrilniD H.ir.p. 

fcn. E.Fl. GraH-leaied. lin.lanc.ent.glauc.slriat. yd. 4. 0. Wales HB, 

ifams. B.S. Iry-leavEd. orbic. renil'. S-S-lob. uA. 5. G. Britain H.ic.^. 

CCFI. great ipeDr-wort.MM. lane. Berrul. y<[. 6. 8. ... .H.v.^. 

BAnu.E.Fl. small -flowered, orbic. ov.card,ufp.3-lob.y. 5. 0. England H.a. 

l^fBlhu. DC. Pamassia-lT'd. wb-cor.smth.upp.ov.lan. tr, 6, T. Pyrpnee.lT69. H.Jp. 

tibu. B.B. Ccli-rj- leaved. palmjmt)i.ilpp.in3tiajeg.y. 5. 8. Britain H.ur.9. ' 

■■ PC. Kldney-lcaved. smth. eren. renlf. ytl. 5, 0. Alpii.Eur.ITla. H.^. — • 

.L'BBOBUS, HELLEBORE. CoI.O. Pet. fi.abf. 4' one. G<r./raBi3(DlO. St>i.awl-thaped. 
itdnun.n.F.G, busby. smth.peda.upp.nearl.se.u.g-. 3. 4. Hun|^ry.l81T, }i.l^. Sanity loam, I 

dm. E.FI. stinking. peda.ofT-D.lan.serr.lcaB.^. 2. i. England M.)p. dividing 

». H.N. tniooth. thrice cut, tnitb. glauc. par. 1. 5. Corsica. 1710, H.^. rooti. 

; »c. Cbtistmaa- Rose. ped ate, amih. pk. 1. 3. Europe. ISD6. H.p. 

b-Ea.B. green. digit.segm.Un.lanc.serr. gr. i. 0. Britain H.Tp. 



.TBA.IUARSH MARIGOLD. Cal.O. Pct.S, 

tris. E.PI. marsh. cord.cren. imlli. jfJ. 3. 3. Britain. 

M», Br.FI. creeping. 3-angul.cord jcrrcren. grl. ScotlaiKJ. 

ill. MigiltRte-IeaT'd. iBgiU. anricul. snitb, 



Neet.O. Ger.itolOjComprcned. 

H.ir.p. Loam, ilift 1 
H.v.ll. a( the mit. \ 
America. 1829.H.it-.1^. 

'NTBIS, WINTER ACONITE. Intol.eulintomang Kgm. Sep.S-S,cBlBurtd. Pel. OS. 
iUt. ».». common. leafl.ell.lan.ierr.BtapMi.^fl, 1. 3. Europe. IA96. H.f .Sandy loam, I 

parting raa(«, I 
TIS.CO'FTIS. Cat. S-part, cultured. Pel.imall. Sfam-Wtvas. Cap$,li-lO,oB. obl.i-ti-iaded, 
I, B.C. three-leaTed. trifid, segm. obov. dent. uh. 0. 7. N.Amcr. 1T82. H.y . Peal toil. 

scedi, or parting Ihc i'oat,.1 
\KOPei-TIS, UVDROPELTLS. Cat.S-i-part. PeJ.S-4. Stidainapejidiit.oc.roa»d,captaU. 
i^. B.M. purple. peltate, smth. eut. par. 7. B. N.Atner.nos. F.ir.)^.I/iNun Ifle^f J 

S nauld. parting at rwCl 



^^TlSO 


POLYANDRIA POLYGYNIA. 


^ 


^^H ejUtmtlit 

^^H Nimi.:. 


Eu|Uili FiJtui if Cal.uf Monib Mllve Yt-uf 


SoiluC 


^V KEWMBUm, SACRED BEAN. Cal.i-i-Jtevtd. Pet. nu>nerou,. Fn,itt«rbin 


tl. 


^K; nteom. dc. 


yeUow. pcll.g[nth.;P«t.eloi>.niith. y. T. 8. N.Amer. 1810. 
»hewj. pel.snilii.iP4!(.el0D.niuric.fci.6.8. India. 1787. 


tiding at IherM 


^^V ILLTClVM.lLLrCWM. Cal. 3-6-partni. Pt(.27. Copj.roonyJiiiirirck.a-iM/cHl 


, l.ieeded. 


^H parriflonim. DC. 


red-Sowered. ellip. amlh. rid.piir. 4. 6. PloriJa. 1T66. 
smalt-flowcred. ellip. sinlh. ect. ytl. 1T90. 




^^K URIODENDRON,TVUP-TREE. Cal.iif%ltatu. Pet.6. Capi.\-2-itedtd. 




^H tnliptfeia. 


copunon. tranc.i-lob.srath.glanc. yet. fl. 7. N.Amer.lCOS. 


H.e. Sonify fa 


^^H MAGN-OUA, 


MAGNOLIA, Cdl. S-Irarfd. Ptt.6-9. Capi.2-rakcd,l-2iuded. 




^^B BCumindta. 
^^V fturicnlata. B,M. 

ri^». DC. 

CMdita. B.R. 
1 fiacata. b.u. 
^^1 gTaitil>flara.DC. 
^^H I./cmift>ui. 
^^V S. ,btm\filuL. 
^^" 5. oiotdta. 
' giaaw. DC. 

macrophy'lla.B.M 

oboviu. DC. 

pumlla. o.». 

SoaEaBgeana.e.F 

^^ trip«taU.w. 


acumioatcd. ov. obi. acorn, pabos. pn. 5. 7. N.Amer. 17S6. 
ear-leaved, obov. cord. smth. glancicA. 4. 5. 1786. 

heart-leDTed. cord.alilllehaiiyben.ent.ve.e. 7. N.Amer. IBOl. 

Lanrel-lcaveJ. ov.obl.tUio.nutyben. icA. O.lO.CwoIina. 1734. 
ru*ti/-lenreit, wA. .... 


H-C'tYdfiar, 

H.a.<T.;Ha 

ttriilUt 

O.i.lUefir 

H.£. the dutt 
H.». irAni Iq 
H.£. ihmdd a 
H.S., U dUtm 
G.a. iifHrir/t 

H.S. . 

H.S. . 


obtusf'i^^ffd. ................ u'h. — ^ ' . .... 


oboEittt-ltatndt ....... ......... ipA. . ^ -. . , 


glaucDiu-leav'd. ellip. obt glaa. wA. 6. S. N.AmeT. 1688. 
, loDg-luaved. obl.ubo.batecor.glau.oiid.». 6. 7. 1800. 

obovnte-leaved. ellip. olmv. smlli. pk.irli. 4.6. Cbina. 1790. 

dwarf. ellip, acom. glauc. smth. ifA. 1.12. 1780. 

cSmilangellodin'd. obov. acum. piibes. irA. 2. 5. Hybrid. 1826. 

Thompwo'i. ellip. nl>l. unth. ah. 1818, 

tLree-petaled. obi. obov. aCTt.milh. «-A. 5. 0. N.Amer. lTfi2. 


^^H AIiO'JiA,CVSTARD-APPLE. Citl.aparUd,iobctcmcmt. Pet.6,lhitk. £; r. pulpy, nmy-Mll^ J 


^^M Iripitala. 
^^H laarifolia. b.r. 

^H trUdba. 


Cherimolli. or. lane, silky ben. »A. T. 8. S.Amer. 1739. 

Laarel-leaved. ov. lane. smth. enl. yd. 6. 8. W. Ind. 1824. 

ncaly. obUeuLunduLalLamtli. gr. 8. Amer. 1731. 

trifid-fruited. obov. ell. ent. glaii. p. p. N.Amer. 17SC 




^^1 Gt/jrreR/j 


GUATTERIA. Cal.3-parUd. Pi t. 6,>. ari>»ep. BtrT.m.l-ecUid,l.teedti. J 


^^H riifa. B.R. 


brown.lcuv'd. ot. acorn, cord. par. 5. 8. India. 1820 


"^•'za 


^H JBT^lB'OTitrS, JRTJA'ornyj. Cal.S'P<»-|c<f. Ptt.6. .SIam.vu«u:rou,. Btrr. S-«rc<lei. | 




H. fragrant. oU. lane. smtb. enl. 6. 6. 7. China. 1758 





p 


DIDTMAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 


■ 


-| 






CLASS XIV. 






■ 


DIDYNAMIA. Slamau 4 


, 2 long, and 


^^H 






ORDER I. 






^^H 




GYMNOSPERMIA. Seeds 4, naked. 


^^^1 


UYS,WOVtlDWORT 


Cai.fb.«fiMlh. Cor 


ri<iff.j)aiitt.notch.lan!.i-Uib.thelaltr.mureJlex. ^^^| 


Mia. 
..E.F1. 

kH.M. 

Mx. 
%*. 

b.B.FL 

1. I.F.O. 


■D>blKUon!>. obl.cora.all»«.»err. r«ti. 6 
puri.le-aowet'd.obl. line, aemil. par. - 
scariet cord. o*. obi. cren. sc. - 
rough. l»nc. ahsrply serr. pur. - 
. downy. ot. aciit. creJi. lilky. pur. - 
woolly. obi. lane, woolly. pur. - 
manh. llii.lnnc.hnlfamplfX. par. 
Siberian. cord.o^.olil.serr.hairy. Jt. 
Hedge. cord.acut, lerr. rcJ. - 


6. Tauria. 

7. Britain. 

Levant. 

S.Amcr 

N.Anicr 

— England 
Siberia. 

8. Britain. 
.9. Siberia. 

— Britain. 


1823. 

1798. 
1810. 

1782. 

1822. 


H.v. diMi.t ^^m 

H.». — ^m 
H.». — ^m 

H.f. ^H 


ttELE, 


SPHJCELE. 


Cat. camp. 5-dcnt. Cor.bilab.itp 


. lip notch, fou. 3-j! 


.rtfi,:.. SUs.bif. ^H 




uv.hasl.nagit.ercii.liair] 


. li.- 


_ Valpairo 


1825. 


o... _ -^ 


VRVS, 


WOTH£fi-irOKT. Col.5-i>iig(.S-(™(li<d. C 


[3 dtep eiual label, 
r. ring, upper lip coac. luaer Tvjitxtd, in 


M.E.FI. 
.*■>. 


cominon. 
various leav'd 
procumbent. 
Siberian. 


lane. 3-lob.iipp. cut. Ii.wh.7 
cor.crc.lo.orS-par.up.llii.pA. - 
S-lobe<l,lobe«tooth. irft. 6 
S-part. seg, clefl, obt. par. - 


e. Britain. 
Braiils. 


1824. 
ISIG. 
1750. 


n.Tfi.S'iady loam. 
H.a. .«d., or 
H.p. partiMff 
H.B. rmt,. 


>effDlVlS, WILDBASIL. Cnl. mang-ribbtd,1i4^t>,d, 


[appCT- tip tior. ioir«r in 3 legm. 
uppirS-clf/t,lowtr ^.parted. Cir.ring. | 


E.F1. 


Egyptian, 
common. 


smooth, nearly ent. 
o». serr. hairy. 


pur. 6 


B. E^ypi. 
— Britain. 


1759. 


H.lfi.Lighl loam. 

H.lfi. aeedi, or di. 
viiling root!. 


AWtaf, 


MAtUORAM. 


Cal.ribbl.lor2-lipp. Co 


r.riac. 


hmpp.tipnBUh.linc.iniderptqu.iiib. 1 


m«.ll.»i.DittsDy of Crete 
brtil.n.Gr.TourDerort'i. 
E.PU common. 


ov.orhic.ent.;»pU-8ld 

or. ent.ot serrul. 


res. 8 


e. Candia. 
0. Amorgos 


551. 
1788. 


F.^.Light Mil ^ 
F.*. U^ mould. 
H.p.cull.Dr<«c(If. 


par. 6,10. Drilaiii. 


rE.-S.THKME. CiU.m<ins-ribhrd,2-lippfd,lht upper ,cithSteeth,hu:ir 


[notcAeJ, loirer 3-loled. 1 
2-(i«(ft.appfrJ.po/(oroKa j 


m.%.: 


UounUin. 


or. obL entire. 


Ii.6 


T. Hungary 


1800. 


H.^.Sands loam. 
eullins: 






m, DEAD-NETTLE. 


Ca(. («&!«. 5-J(»ifc. Cor.r 


«g.<ip 


lip cult, tou! 


o6a.in.leA. Setdn,trian. | 


I 


white. 

"1. great hcnbil. 


cord. aerr. bairy. 
cord, obt.deep. cren. an 
cord, deeply cut, cren 

sa 


V!b.A 

p. ro. S 
red. - 


0. Britain. 
7. 

_ England 




H.TIf.IAght tuuM. 
H.a. parting Iht 
H.fl. root.. 


^^^^H 


^^^^^^H 






H 


^^^^^^^^^M 



tM 




DIDTSAJflA 



€.A^ 



^iTR. 



'. •• XL Isitfs. 



GALe€^MlM, 




BALLCTTA, BLACK-HOREHOVSD. 
(AbtLE^VL 



MABBUBWM, WHiTE-HOBEHOl'SD. C«£. /natl-Jul^^l^:/^'^^ 
rri^irt, E.FL eo«»Mi. ov. lerr. wooOj. 



MELrTTlB,BA8TABD'BALM. Cml.heU^Mkmpid, 
fnuHnfloffB* 0«#« fprtttUvowtitAm ov* obL 

»§••• CONHBOD* or. ObL MIT* 



•»•«' 



SCUTELLA'BIA, SKULL-CAP. CMl.tmb.l-Ub. C0r.rim.w:p.UpX^lKf.lmt.ik€mm€. GerA-iB. 

ilpbM. s«F.o. Alpine, 
aliikm. m.WJ^. Altmy, 
■ItMfltt* s.if. tan. 
ColbmiMe. s.F.o. CditiDfiJi'f. 

galefklllitl. B.S. CMBIDOD. 

gnmAMn* s.if. large-6owered. cord, cat, pab. cren. re.ye. Siberia. 1804. H.^. 

minor* E.FL letter. oM. or. cord, at base. pile. 7» S. .... H.9. 

territa. a.s.k. taw-leaved. opp. ov. serr. 6/. 6. 9. N.Aiiier. 1800. H.y. 



opp.cordxat,creo.terr. M. 0.10. Hangar. 1752. H.9.iSflMiy 

ov. obt. cot, dent. M.icJk. 7.10. Siberia. 1816. H.9. 

cord. obi. acom. serr. d.pa. Lerant. 17S1. H.9. 

cord. oM. serr. pnbes. parr. 6. 8. Italy. 1800. H.|p. 

lane creo. veiny, obt. bl. Britain H.9. 



[htter lip ta 
PRUNBLLA, SELF-HEAL. Cal. beU-ikap. 2'Hyped, the upper l-tootkedy lower «ift »egm. Cer. 



grandifldra. s.if« great-flowered, obi. or. dent, stalk. 
peiiBtylvluiica*t«f • PenntjrlTanlao. or. lane. dent, 
vnlgiris. E.FI* commoo. oM. or. dent. 
fl tmrUg^U, Mfiigaied. 



M. 7. 0. Austria. 1596. HJ9.Ligki 

bl. N Ainer. 1801. H.at pmi. 

par. — Britain H.^. ar twrft. 

^^^^ ^•^^•^•^^^ . • • . u.^p. 



DIDYNAMIA GYMNOSPERMIA. 



rMISfPBUyuiS. Cal.S-ttitgt.S-l«otk. CaT.helmtlttiKpr. Ke<l ttelektd. Seedi btarded. 
1. ■•■. BocculeQL cord. obi. wool! J. yci,e,ll. Egypt. IS18. F.^.^swly Imm> 
a. w, pongeol-bract'd. obi. lane apex sen. pur. 8. Persia. 1818. P.^. ctltiitgi, 
n. B.M. tnbetoiu. cord. obi. deot-icabr. jmr. Sibcha. ITS9. H.0. 

VHDVLA, LAVENDER. Cal. oraU, dnled. Cw, rtnpimUt. Slam, wilkin Iht tube'. 



tooth-leaved, kss. lin. pion. 
piDDite-IeaTed, pinn. teafl. {dnnatif. 
common, *e««.laiicJUi.edg.T«*ol. 
mkitt-fiBntrtil 



tl. C. 9. Spaia. 1397. G.^.Saitrfy toon. 

U. 4. S-Mulein.lTST. G.£. enttingu 

IL T. 0. S.Earop. 1568. H.£. 

**. H.S. 



WLTZIA, ELSHO'LTZIA. Cal.S-tootk.titlml. C»r. upper Ufi.tiH>tktd,KndtraitiTt. 
LB.M. creited. or. ellip. serr. lU. S. 7. Siberia. ITSQ. H.a. LigU ttit. 

irOPOGJN, Bi'STROPOGAN. Cal.S.j-arl.llirifalbearJtd. Ctir.iippeTlipbifid,iiKdeTS-^ 



(oUaa.ir. 


entire-leaTcd. 


OT. ent. »b. ben. 


J«. T. 8. Teneriff. lalS. G.^. Loam^ leqf 


nuB.w. 


dotted. 


ov. dent. smlb. 


pk. Madeira. 177S. G.£. menli. ntt. 



J&TiS, UON'S-TAIL. Cal.ttrica-lO-looth. Cer.aninehlong,iipp.Uptttnig.mt. loKerS-JUI. 

Hb.8.K. Interraedlate. ov. cord. Kan. loolb. or. 9,t0. S.Africa. 1SS3. O.i.Pral Ir loam. 
iw.B.v. namw-Iesved. lane »en-. or.lO.ia.C.B.S. 1713. G.^. cutting!. 
KUa.B.11. Catniinl-leaT'd.cord.elong.acut.creu. ot.9.I0. E.lnd. 1T8S. S.a. 

'OCErPBALVM,DRAGON'S-HEAD. Cat. bilabiate, tubiilar. Car. o/2 »p», notefcrf. 

IM. ■.F.c. Fucber*!. lin. laocobt. ent t>I. 7. 9. ^liberia. I8'J3. U.^. Light Imm, 

*^ a.r.e. Beiony -leaved, cord.obl.obt.den.up.anip. bl. Georgia. 1T87. H.^. dividing 

an. B.r.G. boary. opp. obi. obt. boary. ill. 7. 8. Levant. 1711. H.S. roots. 

ttlODUB. 3). Carolina. lane. smtb. denlicul. (tr. 8. 9. CaioUnn. 1789. U.f. — 

16nlin. 1.1. great. Soviered. obi. obt. dent. bl. 6. 9. Siberia. 1759. H.9. 

B.K. nodding. old.abt.and.S-uerv.pub. bt. 1B23. H-J. 

iMM.F1,D. Hyraop-leaied. lane. ent. point. M. N.Eitrop.l699. H.^. 

m. B.M. Siberian. cord. lane. Beam. serr. U. Siberia. 1760. H.p. 

ui. B.r.c. beautiful. len.lanc.ieiT.bBseent. pk. 1623. H.^. 

itmni. B.M. Virginian. lin. lane, aerr r«il. N.Aincr.l(>S3. H.^. 

fOM, UASIL. Cat. bilabialr, spptr lip orbicular, loatr\.cleft. Cor. rctapinati. 
jtttu. a.a. Fever-wort. ov. ellip. crcn. opp. ^r.irA.e.lO. S.Leone. 1831. S.S.Loanitrptat, 
6niBi.l.>. groat- BoHcrcJ. ov.aerr.; ifcmahmbb;. icA. D.Abyxain. 1803. G.£. ieedt,or 
B. I.S. UimIi. o«. ent. vA, 9.10. Ceylon. Ia73. H.a. cHdia^ i. 

fAAllTHeRA,PROSTRANTBE^RA. Cal.a-lipp.abt. Cer. ring. middle ttgii>.<t/lip2-li>bt4. 
^^L violel-colour'd. ov. slalk. lob.pubea, M,4.6.N.S.W. 1833. O.S^. Peat ^ loam. 



M, HORMrHUM. Cdi. tMobi. i-l«,th. Ifc; vpptr lipen 
n.B-F.c.P^rencan. ov, roond, crea. dent, da, M. 0. 7. Pjreneei.ll 



H.^.Light ham. 
ditiding rooti. 





DIDYNAMIA GYMVOSPERMIA. ^^| 


^^^M StaenMic 


Bnillib FomiBf Cul.of M..iitli Nill.» Trj>f ^9«H 




Nimt. Lnvei.Ac. Flun. ofFI. Cuntrj. Inttod. riiiuiniM 




ll-labed, middle JatcMifl 


^^^t^LECTRA-NTBVS, PLECTRA'NTHUS. Cal.2Upptd,gil,bm$<itlhtbiiit. Cor/nHfrtit, Mppfffl 




Fomkolil's. OT.ruf. footstalk* decor. R9.10. Abyisin, IB06. S.*. ■■ 


^^^Ur£'P£Tji, CAT-MINT. CtL teilK 5 ocit. tettK. Car. nng. with tht up. lip a lUtle clot, lower nuw. ait^ 


^^ Catftria. E.Fl. 


common. corf.dowiij,l.!untl,5err.»A. 7.9. Brilaio H.^.Lighl uM 


grandiadni. s.s. 


gr^al-aoiiTet'd. ov. laBC. pabei. bL Caucas. IS06. H.^. porlJiifV 


Maulni. e.H. 


««.Loped-Wd. cord.cren.rough.down. W.S. S.Siberia. 1804. H.*. r»ri. 1 


lioUcea. S.S. 


VUJel-colour'd. corf, stalk, nearly sess. wo. 7.0. Spain. 173S. H.p. M 


MENTHA, MINT. Cal.S-looth. CoT.fun.-sh.i;»r. Gir.i-lo. Sts.l^Tig.tl^ithccor. Stig.i. Suii^ 


ueanma. g.b. 




•grtstis. E.FI. 


ragged-field, nub-cord. n.goB.wrr- H. 7. 8. Briuin H.J. <«™(^ 


arwiata. E.FI. 


com. cUip. obt. Mrr. hairy. bl. .... H,p. roeli. 


citrfiw. E.F1. 


Bec^niot. ellip. oW. serr.smlli. pur, EnslaDd H.p. 


B^olilU. B.PI, 


busliy. o». serr. dolt. pur. Brilain H.iP.p. . 


grtcilis. E.FI. 


narruw-leaved. lanc.aout.»(;rr.li»iry. pur. ^— ....H.a.9. 


binfita. e.b. 


hairy. o». lerr. pubea. italk. bl. ....H.ic.p. . 






riibra. B.Fl. 


red. OT.cutserr.noarlyiialli. «d. - — ■ ....H.ir.)9. - — 




HoTM-nunt. leM.ov.obljerr.hdry. p»r. 7. 8. .... H.p. 


Tlridu. E.F1. 


Spear-uiint. se»3. larc. smth. serr. pur. .... H.p. • 


TerticiUiita. b.m. 


whorled. Iin.lanc.acrr.upp.quat. Ul. Nepal. 1828. G.^. 


P£fl/LO' AI/J, 


PERILOMtA. Cal. camp. 2-(r>p. Cor, lubu. arch, i-lipp. upper lip nvUh.loKtTi-Ji^ 


ocymoidM. B.R. 


BaiU-like. ov.acul. opp.cren. pft. 8. 9. Peru. — F.p. 


J'Jf GJ, BUGtE. fo(.S-par(. Cur. ring'.''Ppn-HpBotcft(d, undo- 3-/oi«/. Ger. u/4 luicf. Stritl. | 


M|Hiu. B.Fl. 


Alpiue. obl.tooIh.Bm(h.Dpp.OT. 61. S. 7. Eoglaud H.p..^aiii{f Jm 


Chamie'iHtyB.B.ll 


groundPine. tripart.segm.Uu.eiit. gtl. 4. 7. H.a.fmrt.n^ 


geneTtnus. l. 




pyraia>illUU,B.Fl 


PyraiuiJal. obo.cre.obt.Z-i-iD.lon.il.pii. 4. 7. Brilain H.p. . 


rfpUM. E.F1. 


creeping. obo.serr.Teiny.upp.scs*. R 8. 6. .... H.fl. — ^ 




[Gir, 4-c/cft. Setd,4,wfitt 


TEVCRWM, 


GERMANDER. Cal.beU-ihap.S-cl^. Cor.ring.uppcrlipinSlattnlltbtt.imMrt 




boary. 1 an c. cren. downy. pur. 7. Madeira. 1775. Q.^.Stmifl 


Chamic'drji, e.B 


.wall. ov.cnt,serr.»talk. cr. 6. 8. England H.V.nrlfnf 


hjrdiiilciun. l. 


Hetony-leav'd. cord. obi. obt.cren. pur. 8. 0. Persia. ITOS. H.J. j*rt. n 


I6cidum. s.e. 


ahining. or. serr. smooth. rtd. 6. 9. S.Europ. ITBO. H.|l. 






MAmm. S.B. 


tatTliyme. or.acut.ent.downy ben. pur. I040. K^. 


J orchidfura. b.b. 


OrEhii-flo»Vd.obl.obt. ent-S-loh. ge.red. Chile. 1826. H.^. ■ 


1""^" 




ORDER II. 


^P ANGIOSPERMIA. Seeds encloseu in a Capsule. M 

^^^ VERBeNA, VERVAIN. Co/. (ir6«1. 6-(«.lA. Cor. Jn5u«?, wff. FU.i,in«,me.picini. SttdMt^ 


AubUtia. P.M. 


rose. ov. cut, serr. par. G. 8. N.Anier. 1774. P.fi. £«*S 


uUta. n.F.G. 


^""^""" "■■■ ^'""'1 







DIDYNAMIA ANG108PERMIA. 



135 



Sfitcmatlc 
Naaie. 



EBflUh 
Name. 



Form of 
Leaves, Ac 



CoUf Month Native Yr.of 
Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. 



Soil and 
Propafation. 



M. loDg-bracted. jagg.;«<m.decum.hair. pvr. 7. Mexico. 1812. H.^- tings^and 

cuoBniaiia. i.s. Carolina. obi. obov. sen*. re<L 6. 9. N.Amer. 1732. H.9* divid, roots. 

cfaaMedf7f)Slia«B.F.G. Kariet-fl'd. ellip. lane, tooth, hairy, u, 5. 9. B.Ayre8. 1827. F.^* 

melindreM, b.k. 

Lamb^iti. b.ii. Lambert's. obl.CDt,dent.apex ent pur, 6. 9. Peru. 1816. F.9* 

prichffla. B.F.G. pretty. opp.8-part.pinnatif.hair. li, B.Ayres. 1827. F.^* 

tiipliy^* B.M. three-leaved, lin. lane. It. Chile. 1784. 6.^. 

ffa6n» nenred. elUp.lan.8Bb-cor.op.pab. [>«. — ^— 1829. G.jp, 

JACJRA'NDA^JACARA'NDA. Cal.S'tooth. Cor, camp, limb bilabiate. Caps, 2'CelUd, Seed winged. 

B.M. Bahamia. pinn. leafl. ellip. muer. bl, 7. 8. Bahania8.1724. G. J^. 



B.M. Mimosa-leaved, pinn. Iea6. pub. raucr. 62. 4. 5. Brazil. 1818. S.J^. 

fldflWiii, D.D. Fern-leaved, pinn. leafl. opp. pub. vio, S. Amer. 1823. S.J&. 

B.B. tomentoee. bipinn.leafl.ov.aeut.hair. pu, Brazil. 1824. S.J&. 



[Z-Jid, Ger. i-lobed^ 4-celUd, A-ueded, 
EOLMSKIO'LDIAy HOLMSKIO'LDIA, Cal, camp, slightiy 5-/o6. Cor, ring, upper lip 2'lobed, lower 



cnmaon. 



op.eor.8er.aeum.8ub-pub.«c China. 1796. S.|^. 



iELA'GOf SELA'GO, Cal,can^,l'5'toothed, Cor, tubul A-S-lobed, Caps. 2-celled, single-seeded. 

, 8.S. flne-leaved. filif. smooth, erowd. tr^. 7. 9. C. B. S. 1699. O.^.Peat ^ loam. 

. B.R. eluster-flow'd. obov. dent. smth. bl. 6. 7. 1774. G.|^. cuttings. 

Dr. Gill's. lin. obi. smth. ent. ros. — 1880. G.J&. 

AXTBOCE^RCISyATiTHOCERClS, CalS-tooth, Cor, camp,limb S-parted, equal. Caps.2 celled, 

lUiLB.M. elammy. alt. obov. dott gland. tr^. 4. 6. N.Holl. 1823. Q.^.Loam S^ peat, 

cuttings, 

[segm, Ger. globular, qf 3 cells, 
UNH'JEA^ LIN^TjSSA. Cal, double, qfA leaves, the 2 exterior large if concave. Cor. bell-shap, in 5 deep 



American. 
E.F1. Northern. 



op.orbi.cren. pil. shin, ros, 7. 8. America. 1800. HJ^.Peat if loam, 
opp.ov.eren. ; «tffM.trail. ro. Britain H.'^.cutt.or layer. 



tiBTHiyRPIA,SIBTH(yRPIA. CaUd-par, Cor,somew,wheel'sh,5 cl^. Caps.obo,qf2cells,tf2val, 

caip'KB. E.FL ' Comiah-money. orbie. renif. eren. wh. .... H.Jf.Loamifpeat, 

divid, at root, 

UMOSBLLAy MUD WORT, Cal, qf6 deep seg. Cor, bell-shap. 5-cltfti Caps, ov,qf2 cells, ^ 2 valves. ' 

Ifrftica. K»B. common. lane, apath. obt. smth. car, 7. 9. .... H.A. Seeds. 

OROBA'NCHE, BROOM'RAPE. Cal, 2-co2. Uaves, Cor. ring, upper lip natch, lower in 8 wavy lobes. 



OBttea. E.F1. 


purple. 


«iMr.£.FL 


taU. 


aiior. B.B. 


greater. 


liMr. Br.Fl. 


letter. 


iiki.E.Fl. 


red. 


aBMa.B.B. 


branching. 



StemAmp.; Sty.dovmy, bl, 7, 

Stems\m.;sta.do¥fu.;sty,tm,br, 

5<«m8cal.tumidatba8e.6r.pii.6. 7. 

Stemslmp.; cor.4- cleft, y.w. 7, 8. 

5<emsim.und.lipofeor.3-cl.r. Ireland. 

5iembranc.up.lipofcor.clo.6. Britain. 



H.'^.Loamifpeat, 
li.9, offsets from 
roots, 

H.I. 

H.1J. 

U.9, 



MXINUS, ERINUS. Cak qf5 leaves. Cor, S-tooth, limbs equal, the lobes notch. Caps, 2'Celled, 

ff. Alpine. spath. smth. apex serr. pur. 8. 4. Pyrenee. 1739. H.p.Loam^rpea'* 
p,s. hairy-leaved, tpath. scrr. hairy. pur, Spain. H.9* »eeds, or di- 

viding at roots. 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



Enilltb 



l.uf Ham 



Yf*f 



p4Si 



COLLTK/iIA,C0LLrNSIA. Cal.camp.i-cltfl. Cor.bUa.uppJipbif.tad.lr^. CaiM.r«wU,tl. 
purifldca. b.b. snnll-flow'd. ot. obi .pabej. gob-dent. par. Colombi. 18S7. BJI. 



large-Bover'd. oba.deDl.up.ov.lanc. bl.pu. - 






H.n. 



gnadifiira. b. 
MAXULEA, IHAN'ULEA. CaLS-part. CDt./un 



.-ihap.lmbS-cltfl. Cnpi. a-ctOed, > 



OT. denl. Bitky beneath, wk. T.lt. C. B. S. ISOl. 0.a.LaMt) 

obOT.cren.ilfetMdccuDi.ar. S.la. 1T7*. G^Mttl/m 

CELSIAfCELSIA. Cai.iifSltarcii. Cor. ntalc. Filam. bearded. Caps. 2-alltd. 

■rct^nu. B.H. ccoltop-lcaved. lyrate,upp.obl .dent. pub. ye. CandU. 1T80. H.1S. L 

crtticB. B.M, great -flowered, lyrate, upper obi, ye.pM, 7, B, Crete. 1752. F.B. m 

mbtanita. s.K. woolly. ov.obl.obCcren.njg.aofl. ye. 1S18. H.^. lugi 

tbcAm. t.s. clammy. lyr.upp.corJ. mnplex. yd, 7. 8. IBtS. F.jS. 

MITMULVSfMONKEY-FLOWER. Cata-dmlA. Cor.rinf, Sijff.ifctcfc. Cap<.8-«HM(,i 

gnttalDs. DC. apolteil-flow'd. ov. orbic. serr. ytt. 6. 0. Ainerica. 1813. F.Jf. 

gtutinoaaa. B.M. glutioona. elllp. si^rr. j>luliii. ytl. 1.12. Califanii.l7!M. O.^t- 

liiteni. n.R. yellow. op. ov. lab. b^ry above. ytL Cbile. 1825. H.)^. 



mo>d»tu>>. B.R. 


mnsk-tcented. 


nerr.o 


v.-vlll. stalked. 


Vd. 


Colunibi.lS26. H.». 


perflWanu. b.m. 


perfoliate. 


lane. 


m|>l. elong. 


Vd. 


Mexico. 1829. G.^ 


riagew-B.M. 


B.pbB. 


lane, a 


cum. smth. icw 


M. 


7. 8. N.Amer. I7S9. H.f. 



MAUICANDIA.MAUR'ANDIA. Cal.S-parl. Cor. camp, meqiial. Capi. cempTt$ud,2-ttUii. i 
anIirrhiDiA6ra.s.s.blue-flovcered. sagit. acnt. smth. bl. 1.12. MciLko. leii.G.^.cI. Cmk| 

BarcUyana. b.b. Mr. Barclny's. alt. cord, angul. smth. d.pn. I830.C 

wmperfldrcns.B.N.red-fluwerpil. baslaic, >mtli. roi. 1796.G 

tth. Cor. camp. 5-lBbed. Capt.i-ctUed. 



N.red-flui 

te:coma,capebignqnia. Cal. 



ID. leull. elllp. e 



■natr^tu. b.p. broad-leaved, 

Bigninia Pandira. B.H. 
capt^niis. b.r. Cape. pinn.leafl. 

giandlBora. Swt. large -flowered, pina.leall. 

Bi^Antd grandlfiiTu. b.m. 
■tfins. B.9. upright i^ih-rd.piou.leBB.obl.lancserr. yd. 



. 7. N. S. W. 179S.O.*.d. L 



,BGtT.3mtb. (vif. C.B.S. IS24.G.ShA I 

-acum.deDt. or, 0. 0. China. 180O.Q..S.CI. 



-S.Amer. 1T30. S^ ' 



GERA'RDIA, GERARDIA. CaI.Spart. Cor. bUab. lower lip i-clfft,hbetnalckcd. Cafi.* 
purpurea, n.x. purple. 
qaercifolia. Pli. Oak-leaved, 



pur, 7. 0, N-Amer. 1772. 
yd. 7. 8. 1812. 



pinnatir. stalk. ytl. 7. 8. 1812. HJf. 

LOPUOSPEHMUM, LOPHOSPERMVM. Cal.S-parl. Cor. couip. limb i-lobtd. Coft.* 
Kliiidcni. L.T. climbing, cord. triang.acum. dent. pk. Mexico. 1810. F.^.d. £< 



RUSSELIA, RUSSELIA. Cal.o/SUar. Cor.bila.up.lipnotch.lt,w.3.Jid. Capi.\.tta.mt 
mulliflora. B.u. mnny-flowcrod. ov. acnm. iiacenie whor. ac. 0. 8, 181^. ^.)}. ii*^M 



HO'.'iTA,llOSTA. Cal. hilab. i-toolh. Cor. gaping, lower Up large tr notched. Drufe t^alltt. 
cariilea. n.n. blne-flanerml. opp. ov, acuni.Berr. R G. 0, SJUncr. 1703. S.(.I«M I 



DIDYNAMIA ANGI08PERMIA. 137 



__ _ Form of Col.of Month NaUve Tr.of Soil tad 

Nane. Name. XeaveB,&c Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propafatlon. 



HUETLLIAfRUKLLIA. (M.5-€^ft. C^r. camp, the limb S-Ubed. Copt, attenuated at both end$. 

waimipbyUBJE[,m,w. iiiieqiial-leiTed.OT. acmn. serr. bl. 0. 4. E.Indie8. 1828. S.|b. Lmih ^r l^ 

cfliita. t.i. cOiated. ent. cord, or ciliat. lU 7. 8. ' ■ 180G. S.|b. mould, eutt. 

lbmidn.Bai. splendid. ent. ov. downy, stalk. «c. 6. 9. Brazil. 1808. S.|b. 

Hahhtiina, B.R. Bir. Sabine't. oy.lanc. dent. smth. vio. E.Indies.1827. S.|^. 

BIRL^RIA^ BARLETRIA. Call-part. Car. . Cape. A-anguL^-ceUed, i-valved, eUetie. Seede% 

InSiaBa. ■.•. Boz-leaTed. sabrotnnd. ent. bl.e.7. 176S. S.§^.Peat 4r loam. 

crirtita. B.if« crested. ellip. lane pnbes. pur. 8. 9. Maoritio.l7g6. S.^. 

lifMna, B.R. Hop-flowered. Hn. lane ent smth. yel. 4. 0. 1828. S.J&. 

«ltfB.B*s. 7dlowthomle8s.opp. ellip. lane hairy, yel. £.Ind. 1816. S.f^. ^ 

Frioidtls. ■.•• thorny. or. lane, ent yeU7.S. 1759. S.^. ■ 

OlOXrNlA, GLOXINIA. Cal.qf5 /eaves. Cor. campanul. the limb oblique, i-lobed. Cape, l-cdtd. 

B.R. caulescent. ov. obt cren. hairy. d.pur. Pemam. 1820. S.9.Peat 8f loam. 

mju baity. OY.roond,nig.hi8p.cren. bl. 5. 8. Brazil. 1825. S.9* dividing at 

spotted. cord.cren.nig.;s^.spott pu. 7.10. S.Amer. 1789. S.9* ^Ae root, or 

B.R. shewy. ellip. obi. cren. hairy. 61. 6.11. Brazil. 1815.. S.Jjf. offeete. 

^tBSNPRIAf GESNE'RIA. Cal.S'part. Cor. eampanulate, i-lobed. Ger. downy, with A yel. glande. 

B.R« clnster-flowVd. ov. obi. rogos. cren. u. 6. 10. 1816. S.Jfi. Loam if le^f 

bolboos. ov. ellip. pnbes. serr. ee. 5. 8. S.©. moiiU. cutt. 

Mr. Donf^as's. ov. cren. ciliat pk. — — 1825. S.J&. 

iya.B.K. large-spiked, opp. ot. cord. cren. pfc.epo<. R.Janeir. S.p. 

B.R* drooping-flow'd.opp.OT.obl.pabe8.cren. ee. — — S.p. 

B.if* ludiy. ov. lane. cren. ^•jw» S.Amer. 1752. S.|b. 

^^^ [into 5 epreading lobes. 

nUNBKRGlA, THUNBETRGIA. Cal. qf 2 cordate,%'nerred, leaflets. Cor. qf I petal, limb divided 

B.1I. winged. cord.sag.pube8.f</ilM.wing.sf. 1.12. Zanzeba.1825. S,Sk.cl.Peat 8f loam. 

B.B.F. angnlated. sagitt acot ent smth. 6/. 5. 8. Mauritiu.1824. S.f^.c/. cuttings. 

B.B.F. scarlet-flow'r'd. ov.sag.smth.bluottooth. sc. 6. 2. Nepaul. S.^.cl. 

B.1I. sweet-scented, cord.acum.baseang.deut. to. 5. 0. E.lDdie8.1796. S.^.cL 

;. large-flowered, opp. angul. cord. 6/. 3. 8. 1822. S.J^.cl. 




ACA'NTBUS, BEARDS BREECH. Cal. A-parted. Cor. labiate, under lip Z-lobed. Anthers viUous. 

soft-leared. sinuat unarmed, smth. wh. 7. 9. Italy. 1548. H.^* Sandy loam. 
B.lf. prickly-leaved, pinn. spiny. wh. S.Enrop.l620. H.Jjf.divid. roots. 

[Stam. 6, four fertile, and 1 sterile. 
ULPIGLOrSSIS, SALPIGLO'SSIS. Cal. b-angled, 5-el^. Cor. funnel-shaped, limb S-lobed. 



kroLB.M. dark-purple. eUip.obl.sinttat.opp.lanc. pu. Chile. 1826. F. '9* Loam tf peat. 

.B.F.G.Mr. Barday's. obl.obtsinuatupp.lin. pur.y. 4. 5. 1829. F.^* seedf. 

■•V.a» painted. ov. obi. sinuat dent wh.bl. 1826. F.p. 

fclyifiVlia B.M. entire-leaved, ov.hmcatten.atbase. cri.pu. 8. B.Ayres.1830. F.^. 

MGNCTNIA, trumpet flower. CaLcampanuJate entire. Cor.b-cl^. CapsuU 2'ceUed. 

ChutiL. B.R. various-leaved. ter.leafl.snbc.ob1.8mth.or.sc. Guiana. 1820. S.^b^cMroam^p^ot. 

ft B i i liiii iynii.B.M.Chamberlayne's.binate. leafl. ov. acum. yel. 6. 8. S.Amer. 1818. S.Sb.cl. cuttings, 

B«lf» four-leaved. conjug. leafl. ov. cord, ye.pa. N.Amer. 17l0.H.||b*<?2. or layers. 

CM. B.M . General Cole's. tem.verti.pinn.leafl.ellip.«c. 1829.H.S».c/. 

B.if. gigantic-leaved. conjog.leafl.ov.obl.&8mth.y. 4. 7. S.Amer. 1816. S.^.cl. 

T 



138 DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 

Systematic English Form of Col.or Month Native Trof 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c. Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 

pallida. B.R. pale-flowered, opp. obi. obt. oord. wft. 7. 8. S.Ainer. ISSfl. 8.|&. — 

TelfafrUe. b.m. Mn. Telfair's. opp.pinn.leafl.ov.obl.shi. pfc. Z. 4. Madagaft.l8Sl« S,^^L — 

▼en^sta. B.R. comely. tem.leafl. ov. obi. acum. or. 0.1 2. 1816. S.||^.c<. ~ 

▼iridiflonL b«k. Oreen-flower'd.quiii. leafl. lane ent gr, S.Anier. 182S. S.^.cL — 

[2-«elZetf, S 
CROSSA'NDRA, CROSS'ANDRA. Col. ^-parted, unequal. Cor, labiate. Anthers l-ceUed. 

Qndalsfolia. b.m. wave-leaved. inA's, ov. lane, undnl. <c. 6. 1. E.Indies.1800. 8,^,Pemi^ 

cuUingM* 

[GerM. 
STENOCiriLUS, STENOCfflLUS. CaJ. i-parted. Cor. ringent, upper Up A-cl^, under 



gl&ber. B.M. smooth-leaved. eUip.lancsmth.nearl.ent. so. 1.12. N.Holl. 1803. 0.^.j 

macuUtus. B.R. spotted-flow'd. ligul. lane, ent ecspot, N. S. W.1820. G.J^. aMmgK , 

visc68QS. B.M. clammy. alt.ov.lanc.glatin.sab-8er. y. 7. 0. 1825. G.f^. 



[lohed. Germ, l-eelledy 
ECCREMOCA'RPUS, ECCREMOCA'RPUS. Col* campanvlate, S-parted, Cor. tubular, tia^^ 



sc&ber. B.R. nmgh-fruited. pinn.;2<u/I.cord.obliq.8er. or. 1824.G.|^.cl. 

mould. eeedSfOr 

luntk%-€elM 
MYOP'ORUM, MYOPORUM. Cal. S-parted. Cor. campanulate, limb S-parted. Drupe 1-2 

acnminiltnm. B.p. acnminate. lane. acnm. Br. smth. wh, 5. N.S.W. 1812. S.^.Pemt^i 

d^bile. B.M. procumbent ellip. lane. apex. dent, roe, — ^- 1792. B.S^, (filfii^lr] 

ellipticnra. B.M. elliptic-leaved, elllp. obt mucr. smth. tr^. 1. 3. 1780. O.^. 

parvifollum. b.m. small-leaved, lin. obt. apex. dent. wh. 3. 9. N.HoU. 1808. 0»S^, 

BA'RTSIAy BA'RTSIA. Cal. tubular^ A-cl^, Cor, ringent, upper Up entire^ lower in 3 deep 

alplna. Br.Fl. Alpine. opp. cord. ov. serr. pur. 7, 8. Britain H.9. Sumdff 

Odontites. E.FL red: lane. serr. npp. alt red.pu, .... H.2I. 

viscosa. E.F1. yellow-viscid, lancserr.upp.altdowny. tf. .... H.2I. 




[3 obotmte lohee. Germ* 
EUPHRASIA, E YE-BRIGHT. Cal, ribbed, \-cl^. Cor. ringent, the upper Up notched, Immt it 



alpina. Lam. Alpine. lane, dent setaceo. pier. 7. 0. S.Europ. 1823. H.21. Samiff 
linifblia. L. Flax-leaved. lin. ent. li. S.France. H.2I. 



liitea. L. yellow. lin. serr. opp. ent. ye. S.Europ. 1810. H.fl. ^ m <. 




[under Z-c^ft. Capsule qf2 cells, seeds coi 
RUINA'NTHUS, YELLOW RATTLE. Cal, ^-toothed. Cor. with a hooded, cloten, upper ti^ Hf^ 

m&jor. E.FI. large. lin. lane. serr. pur, 6. 8. England H.fl. lAgtii 






[Up, under 
MELAMF YRVM, COW- WHEAT. Cal. qfA unequal segments. Cor. gaping, with m 

arv^nse. b.b. purple. lane, margins rough, down.y. ^— .— .... 




prat^nse. b.b. common. lane, pointed, smth. ent. y«. Britain 

sylvdllcum. E.F1. wood. lane. ent. in pairs. ye, 7, 8. 

[/tp. Nectary afiesky gUmd. Capsule qf I «A 
LATHRjE'A, TOOTH' WORT. Cal, beU shaped, 4-parted. Cor. with a vaulted, chetn, or enUrt 

squaniiria. L. greater. ov.thick,entsmth.axiU. pii. 4. Britain H.Jf.Peai^ 

roots parted wiBfsrm 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



180 



None. 



Form of 
Leaveif&c. 



Col. of Month Native Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 



SoUwid 
Proptgation. 



[noicked^ lower ^ 8 to^M. 
PEDICULA'MSf LOUSE-WORT. Cal. in 5 or 2, jagged segmente. Cor. ringent, upper lip vaultedf 

caaMatoE. B.r.«» Canadian. ]ancpiiinatif.dent.haijry. y. 7. 8. N.Amer. 1800. ILJfi. Peat, eeede, 
iacannUa. a.t. flesh-coloured. pinnat.leafl.liD.lan.deDt.car. 6. 7. Austria. 179fl. Ii,Jf. or eUpefrom 
qrMtlciu E.FL dwarf red. altbipinnatif.lobesserr.ro^e. 5. 7. Britain H.9* iheroot, 

[eule qf2 eeUif and 2 valces, 
aCROPHUVARIAf PIG- WORT. CaL 5 wuqual segments. Cor. tulndarf S-parted, revolute. Cap- 



fHflftfiii £.F1. 

I.B.B. 

B.FL 



water. cord. smth. obt. serr. pu.gr. 

Balan-leaTed* cord. do?my,bi-serr. pur. 6. 0. 
ydlow. cord. 8err.downy,upp.alt. y. 3. 5. 



H.9. Light loam. 
H.9* seediy or 
H.S. cuttings. 



{smte qf2 cells. 
APHELA'NDRA, APHELA'NDRA. Cal. 5-parted, unequal. Cor. 2-Hpped. Anthers l-ceUed. Cap- 

crirtila. B jf. denae-spiked. ellip.obl.acum.ent «c. 6. 9. W.Indie8.1738. S,^.Loamifpeat. 

cuttings under a glass, 

[ai the baee hdiind. Capsule qf 2 cells, 

SKTIRRB'INUM, SNAP-DRAGON. Cal. 5'parted. Cor. ringent, closed with a palaie, or gibbous 

am. narrow-leaved. red. Italy. 1818. H.9* Light loam, 

greater. ak.lan.opp.opp.ent.smth.r€. 6. 8. England H.9* seeds^or 

$Mhu white. cuttings. 

E.FL leflier. alt. lin. lane, axill. ros. 7. 0. Britain H.A. 



WTiWIA, TOAD FLAX. Cal.&-pari$d. Cor. spurred at the base. Capsule ventricose^2-ceUed. 

r.FL l¥y-leaved. cor.al.5-lo.8mth.;«fm.crep.ptt 5.11. England H.Jjf, Light loam. 



little erect. lane lin. obt. downy, pur. ye. 6.11. 
(JMJirrHwMiw wknus. b.b. 

B.Fl. creeping. inwhorb,oropp.glau.Un.62.y.7.10. 

■•t. round-leaved. ov.down.alt;s(iii.procu.y.rt. 7. 9. 

Jatirrftlmmi spkrium. b.b. 
nli ^fa i Br.FL oonunon. lin. lane. acut. ye. 6. 9. 

JalinrMmni vsdg&ris. E.FL 



H.fl. seeds. 



H.a. 

H.9. 



[of 2 eellsy and 2 voices. 
^IQJTAUS^ FOX-GLOVE. Cal. 5-parted. Cor. bell-shaped, limb in 4 unequal segments. CapsuU 



t.t.' 

tB»l 
L 8.M. 



goiden. 

ambiguous. 

rusty. 

yellow. 

cut-leaved. 



Cor. lip ov. 3-dent. 
ov. lane, tooth, nerv. 
obi. obt. smth. sess. 
lane. lin. smth. 



or. 7. 8. Greece. 1815. H.Jfi.Sandy loam. 

ye. Switzeri. 1 500. H.^ . neds, or 

br. Italy. 1507. H.^* elipn, taken 

ye. France. 1629. H.Jf. off at the 



lane. acum. smth. cut. ye.br. 6. 8. Malaga. 1826. H.|9. roots. 

woolly-leaved, obi. lane. acut. bh. Hungary.1789. H.p. 

Willow-leaved, lin. lane. smth. ent. or. 7. 8. Spain. 1778. H.9* 

amafl-flowered. sess. lin. lane, ent br.y. Hnngary.1798. H.9. 

hairy-leaved. obL alt. serr. downy, pur. C. 8. Portngal.1820. H.9« 



iDA'MlA^ ADA'MIA. Cal. limb 5- tooth. Pet. 5. Stig. club-shap. 2-lobed. Berry S-cdled, many-seed, 
fjiauu b.m. bhie. opp.obl.Unc.acum.8err. pier. E.Indies.l829. S.J^. 

[l-ceUedf many-seeded. 
^LVMNEA^ COLU'MNEA. CaL 5-parted. Cor. tubular, limb bilabiate, lower lip ^-fid. CapsuU 



hairy. 
climbiBg. 



ov.acutcren.flerr.hairy. sc. 
ov. acut. ent. vill. ros. 

T 2 



Jamaica. 1780. S. J&. Sandy loam 
W.Ind. 1759. 8.Sb*cl. 4* peat. iutt. 



DIDYHAMIA ANGIOSPERHIA. 



U. 6. B. Ptn. 176S. G.a. RUk 
1. taiOi. tMa. f^U. WJad. G.^. mtd^' 



BcfBiB*. m.». Mn. Bope'k obi. lane. alt. tmtb. £1. BmiL lgS6. S.S>. 

8PtELtrASNtA,SPIELKANStA. Cal.^ftn.timh<^Car.6-tltfi. I>ra^ iFif A a-nlTiJ n 
atrklHbB.M. AfiicuL or. «Ilip. tooth. v)i.9.U.C. B. S. ITIO. G.^./xwnf-l 

LANTA'NA, LAKTA'ItA. Cd. 4-tMrfked. C*r. 4.f«rf. Aifm Jbwfced baekwardt wilh a t^lUn 

ptidJj. or.nb-eord. Mftbea. 9(L4.11. W.Ind. 1692. S.^.Loam^b 

or. serr. Kae. pabo. wk. BnuiU. tti2S. S.$. iiwiiJi" 

oT.Tiiga>e,cren.ptibe>. rot. 5. 6, S-i- fallt'ai 

I. tjf. RNrndJcaved. opp.teni.obo.obt.doin). ii, S, 7. 1690. S.i. 

rt«Ch B.M. mnryohite. of.ser.rougb.;(tn.prick. ick. T. 9 E.Ind. IBIO. S-it. 

■inrlti fc». iweet.«cente<t. opp. tem. ellip. nigo9«. kA. s.It. W.lod. ITS8. 8.^. 

mMmIMU. w. taBc-leaved. oT.op.hoBr.l>eii.r(Highaba. r. C.B.S. 1833. S.£, 



^ 



farviSdra. r.t. mall-Acnrcred. obc*. mb-irif. liniple. 



CASTILLEJA, CASTILLE'JA. 

Msriet. obi. lane, trifid.jnloie. ar. t. 0. N.Ainer. 1TS7. H.3, 



Birtiia eecefnea. w, 
lategiifolU. i.i. cnUre-lcsTed. lin. lane, entire. ich. S.Atner. 1625. d. ctttkp, 

CITHAftEXVLUXI, FJDDLE-WOOD. CA 9-MII 
ftDtiainisn. ta. pentanilrcnu. ov, obi. toolh. pubes. vh. 6. 8. PortoHc.lBlS. S.^-LtaM^f 

mlliagi, iindfr a haad giant, >> ll 

[ MA RT YNIA, MA RT YSIA. Cal. of S (mr«», nni^Hal. Cor. ■erMrieoK, Hi«ii 5-JeteJ, iwantf t^ 
a. p.R. }cUow. conl. orbic, dent. pub. ytf. S.Amer. 1824, H.a.LaoM^'li 

' riTBX, CHASTE-TREE, Cat. 5-tMlluil. Car. limb i-fi-^/t. Drupt tingU-trtdtd.wilh a l-tiir4l 
slUuima. «.e. talL lem.eot. or. acum, ri. .... Ceylon. 1802. S.J^. i>«f 1 

A'Bnni-C&sliu.i*. cmnmon. in S'l-T'a, digit, lane. trA, O.Sicily. ISTO. H.^, mtii 

Nef^ndo. S.M. quadrangolar. di^t.quiuate,DT.]aD.eDt. uA, 6. 8. E.Ind. 1T59. S.J. nttufi 

[Germ. &-ii!iKgtd,\-ttl 
SINNTNGIA, SISNTNGIA. Cat. lahtlar, i-tingM, limb i-clfft. C«r.iitb.2-lipptd,/mmr- 
f HeD6ria. Heller's. o*. itatk.denl. pub. ye.qwtt. 8. 0. Brazils. 183i. S.^. SmJf h 

I tIIIAm. B.R. villou.. stalked.ov.cord. creo. yd. 0. 8. 1826. S.^JfW 

Tclutina. velvety. ov. cllip. piibfis. tjrl. 1837. S. <*tti*f 



^J 



DIDYNAMIA ANGIOSPERMIA. 



I QOSSOMETRtA, CEISSOMERIA, Cat. </ 5 I. 

s.B. long-flowertd. op.OT.eUip.imd.imlh.aba.u. S. 9. Braiili. 1B99. S.S. 

XaSRODENDRVM, CLERODEHDRUM. Col. S-lotth. Cor. cylind. limb S-parUd, ipriading. 



fragrant. 
.1. spear-leaved. 

imootli. 

dUcolonred. 
1. B .M-lnrge-leBTed . 

Dodding. 
B.R. panicled. 



10 b -cord. 



toolh.|)ub.>cri.lS.B. China. 
itire. ah. T. S. E.lud. 
ahioing. irA. 8.II. 

.atbotheiid.s.p. 8.11). CliiDO. 



op.ortern.Dbl.ai 
cord. S-lob. den 
cor.6-lob.edge« 






IT90. S.S. Loam, pint, 
1764. S.^.I[lenfmouUI, 
leea. S.^. mixed. aU- 
iSii. S-S- ""ff*, •nidn- 
.a hand glaa, 



>. MauriL 1612. 

,. Nepaul. 1835. S.a. h 

.0. Java. 1B09. S.$. heat,ujm 

la.Penang. S.J- rovtfrtely. 



tStfSTKElTIA, BEBENSTKEITIA. Cat. Spathactooi. i 
L A.Bep. golden. lin, ent.obl.smlh. ijil. 5. B. C 

l4mzdr7(olia.L,eti.chamKdrya*-l.obl.laDc.9erT.hBlr.Btliiu. icft.S.11. ■ 
dented. lin, ent dent. smth. wh. 

tleoder-leaved. lin, lane. wA. 5.11. - 



IT03. Q. i. Peal ^ loam. 

1816. G.£. cutlingi. 

1739. G.a. — 

1B26. CB. 



KNZA, TORETNIA, CaL tubular, S-teotbtd, CeT.riHginl,:, 

rongh. OT. laac. »err. icabr. 61. N.HoU. 18S0. G.ft. 

fataniA, llON'TIA. Cal. S-parttd. Cor. lubui. 2-lipped, ioH-er S-c/<fl, rtailute. Drupe l-ieed. ot^U. 
Barbados. lane, allern. yel. 6. W.Ind. 1690. S.£. Loam 4- leitf 

mould, cutiingl. 

TEMON, PENTSTEMON. Cal. tfE (bibm. Cor. bilab. rentric. Hufiiam. Umgeat, ^ bearded. 



durk-purple. Unc,Blten.aen',Bnith. d .pu. 3, 9. Mexico. 1824. 

I. narrow .Icav'd, ov.laa.smth.shacp.ierni. ro. 5, 8. 1827, 

. [loioted-leaT'd. ov,ol)l.pnt.npp.cor(l. pur. N.Amer, 

cluster-llow'd. lBiic.cn(.nntli,upp.ov. yri. 7. 9. 

M. bell-Howe red, lane, acnm. aerr. I. pur. 3.10. Mexico. 17B4. 

Fox-giOTC-like. amplex. lane. leiT. tch, 6. 8. Aikaosa. 1SS4. 

iprcndiDg. cord, deeply tootli.smtli. pu. e.IO. Columbi. 1827. 

parched. ov.obl.scrr.upp.obl.aeM. pu. 7. 9. N.Amer. - — - 

glaucous. eli.lan.dent.up.ov.lao.ser. ii, 

Inlosam. o.B. gUindular. ov.dent,iipp,ainplex,acu.pii. 

OTal-leaved. ov.cor,den,Dpp.opp.pab. bl. 6. 9. — 1836. 

bluu-floner'd. e11LeU.stalk.up.sess.4IeD, 

p^ct^r. lin, lane. serr. pk 



I. Ricbard sod's. 

Dr. Scouler'a. 
pretty. 



H.^. Loam If Unf 
H.ip.raould.iefdt, 
H.9.CMUi«g,,or 
n.lft. pari. Toots. 
F.^.Forihtin- 
H.f.lraduclion of 
a.ft. thiabtauti- 
H.V. /ul tribe, 
M,fp. icAic/i addi 
K.'Jfi. suck a very 
H.9. intereiting 
827. H,OotiiriloJA« 
H.'^.fioKergar- 



ov aciun. pianaUf. par, 7.10. 1825. H,g. den, * 

bpaUi. lane, ent, uudnl. bt. 1837, H.^. indebtidto 

obov.laac.eerr.Dpp.eat. pur. 5. 7. H,y. Mr, D. 

BESS. ov. Ian cdentsmth, pur. 7, 11, H.|l. Douglai, 

tehoav botanicat diacoceries hate so much enriched ourjtower bordera. 
EL&NE, CHELO'NE. CalS-parted. Car. ringenl. Cap4uUsi-cill'd,2-talred. Seed* Kameroia. 

Hta. B.n. beanled. opp,obo,1anc,enl.snitb. tc. C. 9. Mexico. 17D4. H.|l. Light rich 

an. L. iinuutl,. opp. hiDC. obi. lerr. icA.S.lO. N.Amer. ITSO. H.p, loam, cut- 




MELUrraVS, aoSEr-FLOWKU. CmLi-rmU^r^miL Ptt.i. an.«. af.V ttv-i^ 

■iMS-k-M. leMM. faMf7,^|kBlk.Kir. »r. fi. UK. 6^ i-MMl 

TECtHA, TECDU. CAi^mt. C«-.S-(itf>,*Mw,taML«lnt. IT , ri i ft. ifl^ i| i 



1816. G^. m£| 

J^'GeLV.VIi, .4jrG££07U. CAS.j«n.(fMf. C*r. MA^fo-tipntHr«.«**rt,i' 
■■ cin i fii t.«. M . rf [ i n i4i»T'd.<Tp.«.o»-l«nc-»g»T. n.U«.SA»tf. ISla. S^.I^Mf^ 



CLASS XV. 

TETRADY.NAMIA. Stamens G ; 4 fanf. and 2 i»«r(. 



■ 


ORDER I. 1 


^f 8ILICUL0SA. Seeds in a short Pod, or Pouch. ■ 


^^ iMn.E.P1. uDn^ Lipiiin..*pB.HtoM. ^ 6. 1. Eogland. . . . . H.a.tig*'^| 


^f fftTBt/r^RIJ 


[SMA 4 ifr wrr f« «iii |S 


1 >q«&(ica. B.n. 


watu-. >wi-*ap.I.3-inclilD^. «*. T. BriUun. .. ..H.^.l. JMnS 


DftABA, WUlTLOW-GRiSS. Co/. Iwrei ew(<, ™( «ii«ir(. Pf(.«tWr «((*«(, (toi«.w"»^ 


afirea. b.m. 
1 una. DC. 


idbm-AlpiDe. lu>cobL;R<a.cilu>L yd. S. 4. Walo H.^.'^^'^ 

golden. OT.l«i.dent.iicaLpuli. jri. N-A.mer.lfle4. H.B. wf*.''^ 

hairy. tan. obt. »lighHy tooth. h-A. 5. T. Lspl.nd H.|l. f«rt. f. 

hffliry. c!!i|.. laBC.to<Hli.lioao-- t* Britain H.B- 

)p«^wdl-lv'J. tii,taulb.junpk'X.lair>. wi. 4. i. Ed^uhI H.3. 

i 


^^^^^m 





TETRADYNAMIA SILICULOSA. 149 

SyMcmiUc iBglish Ftoraior Col.or Month NaUva Yr.of SoUand 

Mmc Lccvesyftc Flow. ofFl. Country* Introd. Propagation. 



Q/rofti 2 to 4 Heds in eachaUn 
ALYSSUM^ MADWORT. Cal. equal at the bane. Pet. obovate. SilicU, orHcuiar^ qf 8 eeUs^ and 



w. hoary. ln».lHNir.eDt; tefmerec. uHb. 6. 8. Enrope. 1640. H,'B»Sandi^l 

D€m monBliiii. oboT.opfKobLaub-boary. yai. 5. 8^ Oerman. I73S. H.^* teediyor 

tJi fw ofk c n m , Mt Olympw. oboT» 8|Nith. smtlu yeL Greece. 1800. U.^. cuttings. 

■iitile.BJK. rock. obov. lane. vill. tooth, ye/. 4. 5. Russia. 1710. H.^. 

WMwuk oc. tinited. huiJioar.;«<emtwi8t.spr. yei. 6.7. Huiigary.1804. H.J^. 

[cells f with numerous seeds in each cell, 
eAMELriiAy GOLD OF PLEASURE. CaL Uaees eUiptic, oblong, Pet.nndiMed, Pouch ^^ 

■ttffB. ■•B. cultiTBted. altem. laDC sagitt tfel, 5, 7, Britain U.A. Light loam, 

seeds, 

[shaped valves. Seeds 1 in each celL 
ISPrDWM, PEPPERWORT. Pet, obovaie, equal. Pouch compressed, with 8 cells, and 8 keeU 



B.Fl. common. oboT.opp.8ess.sagitt.den.icft. 6. 7. Britain H.fl. Light loam. 

B.B. broad-leaved, ovat. lane. serr. wh, .... H.|p. seeds, 

l ifcril e. K.B. narrow-leav'd. pinnatlf. seg. Un. tooth, wh, .... H.iSl. 

[densely downy. Stig, pubes, capitate, 
9CBIVERE:CKIA, SCUIVERKCKIA, Cal, lax, and concaee. PeL obovate. entire, SilisU ovaie, 

9 ' 



DC. canescent. obl.dent.obt.opp. mis. wh, Podolia. 1821. H.9* 



[nearly entire, qf 2 cells, and 2 or more seeds in each, 
EUrCHTNSIA, HUTCHrNSIA, Cal. concave, deciduous, Pst, obov. Germ, compressed. Pwek 

F^ca.B.Fl. rock. pin.ent.lea.elli.obl.ent trft. 3. 5. England H.l^. Loam if peat, 

H^Bn. B.X. sweet-scented, obo.obl.8nb-ent.opp.obl. pu. Naples. 1826. H.^. cuttings, 

[note, of 2 cells, and 2 ueds in each cell. 
TEESD'ALIA, TEESD'ALIA. CaL equal at the base. Germ. 2'lobed. Stig. sessile, Silicle enuvrgi- 

■riifiiilii. B.B. naked-stalked, lyrate, ov. pinnatif. wh, 5. 7. England H.2U Sandy loam. 

seeds, 

[Silicle qf 2 cells, with several seeds in each, 
TBLA'SPI, SHEPHERD*S PURSE, Cal. qfA concave spreading leaves. Pet, notched, or entire. 



E.F1. comPennyCress.obl.tooth.8mth.opp.ampl. IT. Britain H.^. Light soU. 

4teve. DC. Alpine. neariy entapp.obl.ampl. tr. England H.p. seeds. 

oc. perfoliate. ov.obtop.cor.tooth.smth. tr. — — .... H.21. 



[licle, elliptical, rugged, of 2 cells, and many seeds. 
M^BLEA'RlAf SCURVY-GRASS, Cal. concave, about half the length qf tht obovate Petals. Si- 



B.F. English. OT.entupp.sess.lan.tooth. tr. . . . • H.fl. 

E.F1. Danifh. trian.8-lob.entcor.at has. to. 5. 6. Britain H.2U 

(•Fl. Greenland. renif.fle8hy,entapp.obL wh. Scotland H.p. 

hfcplfMii DC. entire-leaved. ov.stalk.entopJan.near.sess. Siberia. 1882. H.B. 

UWhBcb. DC* Pyrenean. cor.renif.ent.Dp.ov.den. wh, Pyrenee.1820. H.H. 



[cloven, with 2 cells, and 2 keeled valves. Seeds 1 in each cell, 
tBS^RiS, CANDY'TUFT, Pet. 2, obotate, unequal. Germ, notched, compressed. Pouch obovate, 



E.FL bitter. lane, acote, dent. wh. 6. 8. England H.fl. Light loam, 

pkaMirloB. B.X. Gibraltar. ffedge-sh.obtapex den. arft. 5. 6. Gibraltar. 1732. O.S^. cuttings. 

iBapervlreBa.FLGr.evergreeB. spath. obt ent smth. irA. 4. 6. Crete. 1781. H.S^, 

■ta. B.H. dwarf. spath.obtent.sab-flesby.trA. 4.6. Baophin. 1882. H.H. ' 



tbtbadttcamiaJ 



I 




FAttSETIA, FASSETIA. CtL ti 



AVBRIfTTlA, AVBIUETIA. CiJ. UmccXj at toe PH.rwtirt, smOi tUmg, i^ 

ddloidea. DC. ddlod. 0ba.lu.t0atl1.pab4 Ptdjam. i. 4. LemL mm. &J^ 

Fartitia Mtntdn. H.K. 
poiplirti. DC. purple. 



' VESICA RIA, VESICARIA. C*L4^<I</I. Prt. »t<n. SiHdtgM—, 
ircliea. a.M. kictie. ipaU3p.tf boLbunmio. f. ft.9.Grt«alL IMB. H.^. SorijI 

erotica, ac. Cretan. dtii.aiit.rFp.iuida.irii.hair. f. S. 8. Crete. ITS9. H.p. mfi. 



ORDER II. 

SILIQUOSA. Seeds in a Slllqua, or long narrow Pod, 

'BENTA'RIA, CORAL-WORT. PtUbikortrr tim the ctk/x. SiUfm kmm ikartl.m 
bifem. LB. bolUtcroiu, pinn. upper lane terr. par. S. &. En^taMd. .. 
ph'jUa. DC. tm-leaTed. l-3all.3-tiJj«^.i><.laiK.K. C. I. N-Ahct. ISK. H.y. *< 
ipt^ta. B.M. fingeral. ia j'».di-iUeafl.ellip.lali.pa. SwilitrL l6iS. H.ff. < 



rCARD'AM/NB, LADIES'-SMOCK. Cat. mntiaal at llu km, tiK 3 (Jh 

r. bitter. iHonalUcel. upp. dent, rk, 5.6, Bntain. ....U.v. 

B-M . Annim-lcaTeil. cotil.oriiic.sinuat.detii. a-A. 0. T. Italy. III«JL«4P>a 

1. Br.FI. Dai*)--lea*ed. 0*. wai^, ent. smth. wh. S. 7. Scotland 

Unalii. E.B. batrjr. pitmatU'. iegm. toiumL vA,U,I, 8ttl«>> ...- HJU 



TETRADYNAMIA SILIQUOSA. 146 

BiflUh Form of CoLof Moath Native Tr.of Soil and 

Mme. Leavei,&c. Flow. ofFl. Coontrjr. InUod. ProfiaiatioB. 

inpAtieiu. E.FL ImpatieDt. pinn. leafl. lane, ent wk. 5. 6. Britain H.fl. --: 

tiiAlim. B.M. three-leaTed. smth. 8-fid. segni. dent wh. 4. 5. Europe. ld80.H.fP.9« 

Tktfctr6idef. dc ThaUctram-lv'd.pinnatlf. se^. S-lob. wh, 6. 7. Switzeri. 1824. H.H. 



MASrURTWMf CRESS. OO. equal aithe base. Pet.obov. SUiq. rounded, f>alve»riUeu. Suds flat. 

i ^l i fitiu E.FL X creeping. pinn. leafl. lane. serr. yd. 7. 9. Britain H.ao.^p. Light loam. 

Imtere. m*B. annual. pinnatif. tooth. smUi. yel. .... H.ir.9* seeds, or di- 

tiding roots. 

USTMBRIUM, HEDGE-MUSTARD. Cal. spread. cone. Pet.obt. Ger.sess. Podrownd.orangul. 

lorn. DC. acute-an^^ed. runcinate.npp.pinnatif. yd. Pyrenee.1791. H,l^. Saudtf loam. 

AIL dentated. spat, dent scab, hairy, wh. Taurie. 1822. H.^* seeds. 

Tila. E.F1. London Rocketruncinate. dent. smth. yel. England H.fl. — — — 

L. entire-leaved. Un. ent Br. glandular, ir.pu. Siberia. 1822. H.H. ■ 

B.B. fine-leaved. bipinnatif.hairysegm.lin.ytf. Britain H.2I. ■ 



[Siliq, i, edged. Seeds in 1 row. 
BARBAREA^ WINTER-CRESS. Cal. erect. FUam.awl'Shaped,with glands between the shorter ones. 

I^ceoz. E.FL eariy. lyrate, npp. pinnatif. yd. 5.10. England H.^. Sandy soil. 

cuttings. 

mUCrPHILA, HELItyPHILA. Cal. A-cltfty equal at the base. SUiq. elongated, enHre. 

B.R. finger-leaved, digit ov. ent. bU 6. 9. C. B. S. 1810. H.fl. Light soil. 
. B.M . upright pinn. dent hairy. bl. 1824. H.fl. > 



SMTSIMVM,TREACLE'MUSTARD. Cal.coL Pet.obo.obl. Pod sees. A-sid. Stig.capit. notched. 



•B.worm-seed. lane dent hairy. yeU 6. 9. Britain H.A. Sandy loam. 

B.F. Hare's-ear. ellip. cord. amplex. smth. w. .... H.Jfi. seeds. 

ALLIA'RIA^ ALLIA'RIA. Cal. lax. Siliq. round, i-comered, with prominent nerves. 

DC. short-podded, ovate, orbic. wh. Iberia. 1827. H.9* 

lis. DC. garlick-scented. cord, dent acut. trJk. 6. 7. Britain H.Jf. 

EinfsimMm AUiiritB. e.b. 



[spreading. Seeds in 1 row. 
CHEIRA'NTHUS, WALL- FLOWER. Cal. closed. Pet notch. Siliq. compr. Sty. short. Stig.2-lob. 

il^lns. DC. Alpine. dent lane, pubes. yd. 6. 7. Norway. 1S23. H.^* Light loam. 

QfirL Br.Fl. common. lane. acut. hoary ben. yeL Britain H.^. cuttings, or 

jnikalSauM. e.b. seeds. 

■lifaBii. B.B. changeable. Un. lane acum. serr. pu. 3. 4. Madeira. 1777. F. J^. ' 

MATBIOLA, STOCK. Cal.clos.compr. PU.with anect. gland at the base qf ,2 short. Podroun. Sti.qf2lob. 

hriba. B.B. hoary. lane obt. ent. hoary. pu, 6. England H.^. Light loam. 

L ioeeiuea, scarlet. sc. ••.. li.3b-i:uitings,or 

m 

1411c. white. wh, .... H.J^. seeds. 

t. p u rpur ea, purple. pu. .... H.^^. 

fkn. DC. smooth. lane, smth.; stm. erect, wh. 6. 9 H.|b. 

1. 411c. white. wh. H.^. 

1 Jl. piSna. double-Jtoufr^ng var. H.^. 

iWta. B.B. great sea. sinnatdowny^^^pp.ent. pu. England H.H. 

WrBniidifcta.B.F.q. three-forited. pinnatif. sinuat hairy, pv. 8. 9. Barbaiy. 1780. H.9. 

U 



J 



TETRADYNAMIA SILIQUOSA. 



[I rinr,iliehtlg triaiit 
I BBSPERIS, DAME'S-VIOLET. CaLehsed. Pel.obot. Grr.4-ncJ, Stig.iif2dairnyltJ,a. Sa 



obov. cat, dent, 
r.lanc. tooth. Teinj. 



laciniata. DC. lacinlate. 
malroDulis. l. coinmon. 

1. ilba-pI/Ha. duulli-iBkiU. 

S. puTpiirea. purpli. 

apeciosa, B.Fl.G. besutilul. cpBth.lBnc.bsieatten.n 

tri&tia. B.M. night-Bmctling. ov.lanc,; alembitpid. 



po. 6. T. Italy. 1820. H.S. L 

i.pu. e. 9. Europe. 1507. H.^. » 

wh.— H.p. 

p„. — H.e. 

i.pa. 3. 4. Siberia. H.^. 

;.Europe.ie23. H.B. 



ftr. 3. 6. 




SIN J PIS, MUSTARD. Cal.leareaobl. FU.tPithiglaniii. Podbtaktd,Kitk3celU, ^2e<nic.Bat 

rei^. E.Fl. Charlock. cord, am pics. ent. ytl. T. OritaiD H.3,Smifi 

white. lyrale, smth. get. G. 7. .... H.9. mU 

Vigri. E.F1. comnum. lyrale, upp, lancent. yel. H.9. 



ROCK-CRESS. Cal.ttareiertct,c 

Bpat. dent. vlll. leu. utk. 4. S. Pyrence. IS9G. 

oboT.smlh.ciliat.iipp.alt. a-h. 6. T. Ireland 

ov.olil.sinaat.dent.pub. pi;. Naples. \Sit. P.y. ■ 

obo.abt.den.iipp.Bcsi.obl. w, Britain H.B>>r4J 

Iyrale,ruiicin.blsp.up.lRn.pii. H.y. 

lyratF, toolh. obt. rrd. 5. 6. England H.p. 

ov. obi. dent. pilofe. u:h. Brituin H.jS. 

aniplcx.tootli.obo.orcord. y, England H.B. 



A'RABIS, WALL,otRO 


.tpina. nc. 


Alpi..e. 


dIUta. K.B. 


ciliated. 


cotlina. a.m. 


hill. 


bit^Ota. E.FI. 


haiiy. 


hl.pi.la. B.P. 


hUpid. 


■tricla. E.B, 


nprlght. 


TbaliiM. S.B. 


common 


Turrita. E.FI. 


Tower. 



)Uf,S-MlF.4>4 

H.fl. 






BRASSICA.CABBAGE.TURN IP, ffc. Col. (ear. cIm. eju. at t««. Ptdnea. 

mm(in\s. E.F1. lale ofMan. glan. fleshy, lobed. >(. Britain. 

RIIA'PUJNUS, ftADISH. Ctl.erecl,cleird. Ger.laptriHg. Stg.aiel-ahap. Fed tVBiid, cativbM. 1 
maritimos. E.Fr, ■■■a. Iynite,setr,upp.undiviacd,s. .... H.B, 

iTVRRrTIS,TOWER-VUSTJRD. Cvl.nfiohl.Uar. Ptl.oho. Padelmg.mlv.kerl. Setitn 
^Ukb. E.Pi. imooth. oU.1au.tooth.(;laii.up.anip.y, England H.jl. 

MORICA'NDIA,MORICA'TiDIA. Col. bimccatiaaUlu bate. SUin-i-iidti. Stedmate. 
field. cord, ampleic. entire. pa. 6, T. S.Europ.l739. H.y. 

CLE'0!aE,CLE'0!UE. Cal.i-i-arl. Prt.4. \ict. glaadti. Ger.tlalkid. Siiiq.l-atUd,»-m 

Cu]del&bnim.B.H.CI>andelier. quin. leafl. ov.acam. ich.bk. W.Ind. 1834. H.a, JM^d 

i.M. pubescent. digit, leafl, S-7-lanc, ov. lo/i. 7. 8 IBIS. H.a. < 

rose-coloured. ter.orqiiina.leafl.elli.ent.ph.S. 6. Brazil. 1S25, S.a. 
prlcUy. 7-S-lcafl. o», ellip, tbi. W.Iod. IBIS, S.*, 

IIALCOStlA, MALCOJHIA. Cat. gibbouieit both lidfi 



dwarf. 


obov.elil.piibea.npp.lin 


pu 


0. Chio. 17Sa. 


H,«. 


sea. 


lan.!ln.sn(i-dcnl.wb.ha 




^— S.Enrop. 1683. 


H.K. 


.preading. 


ijn. nearly ent. viii. 


pri 


Spain. IBSi. 


H.». 



MONADELPHIA TRIANDRIA. 147 



CLASS XVI. 

MONADELPHIA. Filaments united in one set. 

ORDER I. 

TRIANDRIA. Stamens 3. 

EnfUsh Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of SoU and 

Name. Leaves, &c Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

[Stig. 3, thHr apex forked. 
VATALANTHUS^ RIBBON-FLOWER. SiMth. rigid, 2vidced. Perumth. Q-parted, spreading. 



B.y.G. beaatiful. filif. acute, striat. $c.ye.teL6.S.C.B.S. 1825. F.^. Sandy loam 

and peat, dividing plants. 

fiGMTDIA,TIGER'FLOWER. Spat.2'leav. CaUO. Pet, 6yexter. largest. Fila.unii. in along tube. 

CMehifl6ra.B.F.G. yellow-flowM. eiisUaii.plic.;«<m.aDg. or. re. 5. 9. Mexico. 1824. H.f. LoamSfleqf 

fmiiabL H.K. Mexican. endf. nerv. smth. or.re. 1796. H.f* mould. 

seedSy or off sets, from the bulbs. 

BBBBE^HTIAfHERBE'RTIA. Perian.6'part.pet.-Hke. Stam.Z. FU. united. Stig.d. Caps.Z-ceWd. 
B.F.o. plaited -leaved, lin. acute, plic. bl. 7. Maldona.1827. F.f* 



TAMARTNDUS, TAMARIND-TREE. Cal.qf5Uav. Pet.l. Stam.9-\0. Leg.comp.l-cell.Z6-seed. 

WoL DC commoo. pinn. leafl. ellip. smth. y«/. 6. 7. £.Ind. 163S. S.^.Loami^ peat. 

cuttings, 

PATRRSOrNIAyPATERSO'NIA. Perianth, petal-like, 6-parled. Caps. Z-ceUed, inferior. 

B.R. smooth. Ho. keel, woolly. bl. 5. 7. N.S.W. 1814. F.f* Sandy loam 

•M. gUmcous-leaTed.lio. strlat. at base. 6/. 1826. F.^.if peat, seeds, 

highcftpau B.F.G. long-scaped. lin. convex, glan. 6/. N.Holl. 1825. F.f* or dividing 

kmktSL B.F. woolly. distic.ensi.stria.wooll. pu.bl, 6.9* «< root. 

FERMIA'RIA, FERRA'RIA. Spath.2-leaved. Cal.O. Pet. 6, wavy. Caps. Z-celled. 

■ftiitii. B.M. variegated. eqnitant ensif. nerv. gr. 3. 7. C.B.S. 1800. F.^.Sdndyloamif 

iMti. B.C. dariL-flowered. ensiform, glauc. dark. 5. 7. 1825. F.9* P^t. offsets 

obtose-leaved. distich.ensif.obt.glaa.pu.vW. F.J. or seeds. 



ORDER II. 

TETRAGYNIA. Stamens 4. 

CARrOCARf BUTTER-NUT. eia,i-part. Cor. <ifi cone. ell^.peti. Fnita\-^Ued,\-ttedtdirupt. 

ndfennn* b.v* nut-bearing. teni.lea«eU.lan.amth.ser. p% S.Amer. 1826. S.fb*l^oamifpeat, 

> cuttings, 

U2 



148 MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA. 



ORDER III. 

PENTANDRIA. Stamens 5. 

Srstematle EnglUb Form of Col.of Month Nattre Yr.of 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. 

HERMA'NNIA,HERMA*NNIA. CaL camp, impart. Pet 5. Stam.5, Sty. 5. Ctqu. S-eHUd/i- 



alUiirif61ia. b.m. AUhsea-leaved. oy. plic. cren. hairy. yeL S. 7. C.B.S. 1728. Q.§b» Lomm 9fU^ 

alnif61ia. b.m. Elder-leaved. oboY.cren.emarg.smth. yel. 2. 5. O.^. awaU. 

eoroDopif)^lia. dc. Back's-hom-rd.lin. pinnatif. smth. yel. 6. 8. 1818. Q.^. cmHimgit 

denadita. DC. smooth. lane. acat. smth. serr. yel. 5. 7. 1774. O.J^. — ^ 

dec6mbeiis. oc. decambent. obi. tooth, pabes. yel. 4. 6. 1818. 0.|b* - 

filif61la. DC. thread-leaved. Un.3-com. edges rough, or. 5. 8. 1816. O.^. — ^— 

flimmea. B.M. flame-coloar'd. caneif.lan.trun.apeideo.re.il. 12. 1794. G.J^. — 

glaiidal6fa. dc. glandular. oy. cren. pubes. gland, yel. 5. 8. 1820. O.J^. ^ 

pUdlta. DC plicate. sub-cord .ov.dent hairy. ye/.11.12. 1774. 0.1^. — 

OCHR<yMA,OCHR(yMA. Col. S-dent.Z qf the lobes rounded, if 2 acuU. Pet. 5. iitig.5. StedM 

tomeotdta. dc. wooUy-leaved. cord.8-lob.repan.hairy. wh. 7. 8. S.Amer. 1816. S.^. — 




cUi&ta. B.M. 


dilated. 


ColviUU. DC. 


ColTiU's. 


ccer6lea. dc. 


common* 


Iiin6ta. dc 


hairy. 



WALTHBRIA, WALTHE'RIA. Col. double, outer Z-leac. Pet. 5. Sty.l. Ci^^VcetLt-tmh. 

americliiia. dc American. oy. pile. dent, hairy. yel. 5. 10. S.Amer. 169J . S.^.L^mm^ _ 

dlfptica. DC. elliptic-leaYed. ellip.lan.plic.dent.hair. yel. 6. 8. £.Ind. 1812. S.J^. iBffiifa^ 

PA8SIFL<yRA,PASSION'FLOWER. Cal.S-part.col. Pet. SyOrnone^ineer, in thecal FtmU^ 

aUUa. B.M. wing-stalked. sub-cord.oY.acutsmth. rt. 4. 8. E.Ind. 1772. S.^xLS€mif 

ilbida. B.R. white. 8ubrotun.cor.ent.Stip.lan.ir.7. 11. Brazil. 1816. S.|^.c<. 

angnstifdlia. b.b. narrow-leaYed. pelt.OT.app.lan.2-8-lob. gr. 6. 0. W.Ind. 177S. S.J^.c/. 
Bdiantif<Uia. b.r. Adiantum-l'd. S-lob. smth. alt. or. 6.10. Norf.Isl. 1702.G.||^.cl. der m 

cord.S-fid.lobesciliat. ir.ro. 7. 0. Jamaica. 1788. S.J^.cl. gimm, 

palm. 5-part. lobes serr. vio. Hybrid. 1823. S.^xL lUtU 

5-part. lobesobl.ent. tpA.6/. 7. 8. Brazil. 1609.H.J^.d. AmI, 
3-6d.5-nenr. lobes or. gr, 0. W.Ind. 1690. S.^t'd. tirUm 
holoserfcea. b.r. silky-leaved, ov. 3-lob. dent. $i. 5. 8. V.Cruz. 1783. S.S^M. — - 

lanrifdlia. b.b. Lanrel-leaved. o?. obi. ent. vto. 6. 7. W.Ind. 1690. S.^^xL — 

luoita. Sm. crescent-leaved. pub.baseo?.ap.lun.trun. ti. 6. 8. 1738. S.|^.cf. — - 

ligul4ris. B.M. ample-leaved, cord. ent. smth. acum. vio. 0. Peru. 1822. S.^.cL »- 
malif^nnis. B.R. Apple-fruited, ov. cord. acum. ent. vio. 7.11. W.Ind. 1781.S.^.€l. -^ 

pictur&ta. b.r. Newmaon's. pelt.orbic.8-lob.2-col'd. vio. Brazil. 1823. S.^^oL — — 

palmAta. Link. palmate. 6-par.palm.ser. /nro.3-rd.tr. 1818. S.J^.cl. — — 

peltata. b.r. peltate. pelt. 3-lob. pubes. si. 8. 0. W.Ind. 1778. S.S^.eL -— 

perfdi&ta. w. perfollate-l'd. cord.obt.2-lob.npp.amp. pn. 7. 8. S.J^.cl. -— 

quadnmgul&riB.B.R.square-stalk*d.smth. cord, ov.acum. rM. 8. 0. Jamaica. 1768. S.S^M* 
racem6ta. b.r. raceme-ilow'ng. sub-pelt. smth. 3-lob. re.pu. 1.12. Brazil. 1816. S.ftx<. 

fiprmeipt. chUf. tc. 6.10. Hybrid 8.J^.el. 

riibra. dc. red-fruited. cord. 2-lob. acut pubes. Ji. 4. 0. W.Iod. 1806. S.J^xl. 
•erratlfdlia. B.N. saw-leaved. ov. lane serr. pubes. pur. 5.10. 1779. 8.|b«cl. 

suberte. DC Cork-barked. oT.cord.or8-lob.imth. i9i^6.9. 1739. 8.|b.cl. 



tm-" 



^H MONADELPHIA PENTANDRIA 


■ 


149 


^^ ijUtnaUc Eii«Llib Funnar Col.or Monlh Nttlvr 


Yr.o 


Soil IBd 


' Ximt. Ninif. U»>n,*c, Flow, otFI. Counlrj 


Jul JO 




[SH^.I. Cnp#.s. S^rfjiM-a. 1 


£RO*n Jt/M, HERON'S-BILL. Col. <^S c->nc«<t Uartt, Ptt. 5, ol»Mt,. N«(. S gUmd,. Gtr. S./mit. | 




IT8B. 


O.^-Smdy (oan. 






H.S.IfUi/tnould. 


6aaaM!>nU. Sw G. Oousson's. cord. oln. tooiU. li. S. 8. Naples. 


ie2a. 


H.9. cutting. ^ 




1787. 


G.*. root., 


■mehitum. E.Fl. muikj. pina.leafl.av.uiieq.cut. rn. England 




H.a. orteed„. 






H.p. 

J 


ORDER IV. 




J 


HEPTANDRIA. Styles 7. 




mi 


PEtARGCfNIUSI, STORKS-BILL. C«l.5-parUd. Ptl.S,mitq*nt. FiUm.lO. 


^^ 


faiJ«n«.Sir.Q. glowing. vill.corH.o¥.obl.3-«-lob. w. S. B. HyLrid. 


1810. 


0.£. Theaitmt. ^ 


•UlctlDaDi.Sff.G.lKni7-trifid. cDr.Dbt.3-lD.aDd.vIII.>ort.;)u. 4. 6. C.B.S. 


178S. 


G.S. row ,p«i« , 




lUi7. 


G.*.* tanelia 




ITIO. 


G.i.^fAeGera- 




1807. 


O.i. niacec,i«y 


l^Nw. DC. AnjnsL sub-cor. S-lob.sub-TiU. tA. 4. 8. 


1809. 


G.^.begro^nc- 


0aid»ea. war/rt. re. 


1831. 


G.s.«M/"«i«y (» 

G.^.amixtureef 




1B21. 


AUaUoidei. Dr. inanlle-lesytti. cord. 5-lob. palm. vill. trA. C. B. S. 


1G93. 


G.¥.«-d,i«mA 


MnAKDiD.S».G. dark-brown. dpeplyS-lob.den.balry.d.jni. Hybrid 


1818. 


G.^.le^ mould; 




IBgl. 


G.».«4o<.l *»(/■* 


MMtUciim.Sw.G. Orangp-coI'd. cord. lob. dent. vill. or. — 




G.S.W.^-eWin- 




1822. 


G.S. corpamttd 




1T04. 


G.^. tosdher, 




1827. 


G.S.pr^piou, to 


•"■■llMtt. Sw.G. rival. cor.re.snb-lo.den.Stlp.lan.p«. 


1824. 


G.*. uing. 




1BS2. 


G.§i. This tribe 




1824. 


G.S. tf Pt«nt, i. 


■ricoUium. ear leaved. obi. lane, acuin. hair>-. rt.w. 




G.*. latilypropa- 


■w»iren».Sw.G. dark-grepn-I'd. cor.acu.S-lo.smth.und.M.pii. 


1827. 


G.ft.fiT.ltdftjn.l- 


aw^bens. r.c. dark red. cord, lob, serr. da. red. 4. 8. 


1823. 


0.i.lii,g,,u'hith 


■Kin.pion.Sw.G.rccur».-csly!<'d.cor.Bcu.5-lo.xind.den. re.ri. 


1827. 


G.*. gT«r<dJ5 


■gHil6utaD.Sw.G.nnequal-toath'd.cor.cucuU.>KU.den.pilo. fni.4.10. 


1825. 


G.S. iucaed bcit 


U«c6m>E. MBrcli.ot'Abercom'B.cord. lob. serr. vill. d.rnl. 


1632. 


0.^.bs being put 


WM!aey»iinm.Sw.G.Mi»A»ne»ley'».cor.7.9-lo.den.pilo. re.M.5.10. 


1828. 


O.^-naboulJu- 


Mihexof. Sw.G. bnmighed. cor.aco.lob.CDt,den.pdb. cr, i. B. 


1822. 


0.^.li/,umopeii 


Kniftliuni.DC. Maple-leaved, ent.atbase.apexpalm.a-lob. 4.0. C.B.S. 


1784. 


O.Si. border. 


tflM.Svt.G. related. corand.lob.rig.den.pilo. i>:.4.10. Hybrid 


1822. 


O.^.ithn, (Aty 




1828. 


G.^.ta»btthadtd 




IB26. 


O.^.fromtlu^- 




1823. 


G.»./«(j tfOu, 


ftam. Sir.G. tall upright. cor.und.enb-tri.many-den.r. 4. 9. 


1827. 


G.S.mid-rfayni., 


*«ffl6ide6.S«.G. Abntilou-like. cor.acu.T-O-lob.den.pab.pa. 


1820. 


G.^.uniiUheylt- 


U()a.Sw.G. Allen's. cord.3-lob.deDt.pub. da.re. 4.10. 


. 


G.S.fftniocalice, 


Wknjdfaium.Sw.O.Antbraeus-I'd.hi.irj'.leBfl. pion. «. 7. 9. 




G.a. or«afc< 




^1 


^^^^^^^^^1 



MONADELPHIA HEPTANDRU. 



srite 



Bnfllili 



|.ip6oi>laiii, Sw.O. Bi 

okliu. Sw.G. Acer-leaved. 

ingl6nl». DC. Bariington'i. 
r ^ugbtADix.S«.G,Ly.BroughtaD 

1 WcoUir. two-coloured. 

Boy'lKi. Sw.G. 
bUndum. 
BhSwnii. Sw.O. 
BdUjn\iE. 



C.B.S. 



Hybrid. 



■ab-cor.oT,sub-G-lo.>er. pk. t. S. Hybrid. 

>r.S'7-la.Bca .tooth .pub. jt. 4. 9. — 

^D.den.obt.cDcall.pitD. pii.4,10. C. B. S. 
i^r.S-lob.aDd.den.Tlll. te. 4. 8. Hybrid, 
ir.trif.und.obt.den.bair.ifa. 7. 8. — — — 

Coui]t.orrorV's.aub-roLup.rhom.iub-^-1o.ir,5,ia. 

blUBh-flowered. cord. 5-lob. dent. pub. bh. ~ 

5-lo.aca.den.blls.sub-cuu.if.2'. 

Anne Uoleyne. cord. lob. ierr.lab-viU. roi, — ~~ 

B arclay ftnnm . Sw.G. Mr. Br relay 'i. cor.S-lob.acuteDLbalry. it. — 

Breesi i nil m. Sw.G. Breeac'a. cor.ov.obt.5-lo.(Mlg.und.dp|]. 

Blaudfordi^tiuin.Sw.G.Btanilford's. pBlin.7-lo.Till.9eg.pinD. tik. 
belallDura. sc. Birch-leaved, ov.ser.aiatb. Stip.ov.lan. pa. 5.10. 
BeaufortiiDDin.Sw.O, Beaulbrt'i. HCU.S-to.aer.up.bai.cucul. li. 
BlshAppa^. Sw.G. Mr>. Biabopp's. cor.S-T-lo.obl.iind.cren'. tc, < 
Bail cyan urn .Sw.G. Bailey's. rcDi.tniD.atbai.dent.vill. ir. i 

ByroDiiDuni. Lord Byron's, renif. dent, vlll. d.pa. 

BrightiiQum.Sw.G. Miu Brlght's. 3-lob. lerr. pobes. «■ A. 

bipiDDiiti6duui.Sw.G.blpianBlifid. bipinD.tcabr.pub.wg.iin.pK. 4,11. 

Blnnti&nuni.Sw.G. MiuBtunl's. cor.7-9-lD.iuid.edg.ftiDg. ec.SAO, 

Burnelt<iDum.Sw.G.MissBnnietI't.cor.acut.S. tob.de Dt. d,r«. 4.10. 

BeUad6Dna.Sw.G. I'ainled Lady, flat.ov.acnt.imtb.wrr. bh. G.IO. 

bryoDiief61iuTn.Sw.G.BryDny.rd. cor.s-lA.deii.sllghl.bair. bk. 

cor.orbi.HCut.dent.pub. wh. 

cDr.orb.dcD.pilo.oDboIhsid. fi. 9. 

S-cler.Bcu.KiDth.glaa.deD. «c. 3.10. 

. Mm. Region's. cuDea.S-lo.crenobt.btur.jiu. 

«elf- coloured. car.5.|o.ond.M)fl.Stip.cor.r£.4. 8. 

AdiD.Codrington'i.card. serr, vill. toh.p. 

blood. red. pinn.ladniRl.pilo.dent. er. 

-, li.Kb. 

jr.lob.dcn.pnb.onbuthiid.r.S.tD. —^ 

ind. denl. Irif.antb. rrd. 

tn'if. rue. dent. pub. pur. 4.10. C, B. S. 

[»r.Bcu.den.flat,pub,ben.pii. S. H. 

ir.rrair.7.|ob.nnd.den. k. 4. S, Hybrid. 

Ld. Corn wall ii*».cor.uod. Ill b-pub.aerr. li.rtl. 

CnnmingiK.Slv.O.Ly.l'unlnilog'i.car.acii.S.T-lD.cucul.den. rf. 4.0. 

c6mpum<. Sw.O. decked. orb.reD.lo.acu.mth.abo. pfc. 3.10. 

Clin t6nia. Sw.O. D.ofNewcast1e'>.c4]rd.S-lob.und.Bhln. rt. 

Cnotabrifp^QM. D.oPCambridge'a. renif, dent. vill. d.rt. 4. 0. 

capit^tntn. roae-«ccDted. cord. lob. soft, lill.deiiL li. 4. S. C. B. S. 

camAtum. fiealiy. sinu.pinn. smth. thick, teg. obi 

ciDdidtiiB. falr.Rowered. cor.S'lob.obLdeD.canu. icA. S.10. Hybrid. 

Couiptdnia!. Ly. Northampton's. fl»t,cunca.o*, cord. 1- lob. IL 

Co^tlilDe. Sw.O. Mr*. CoulttV cord. S-lob. dent, pulies. id. 

Conqut»lor8tro(idU.9troud'»Conqueror.cord. wrr. vill. tc.tfl. - — 

chryiianthemlfiMinm.Sw.G.ChrysaD.-fl.coT. pinD. sef.creD, w. 4 ID. 

CO mp&ctnni. Sw.O. compact. cuncB,t*ul,lob.deD.bair.6fc.rt.5.10. 

cordlRinne.Sw.O. beart-sbaped. cor.oT.uiid.den.Mith. M.pa. 

wlanii«trtlaiD.Sw.0.caried.lobed.cor<L7-D-lob.cren. vlll. pu. 4. 6. 

eontlgnnin. 8w.0.conli)cnoui. cor.S.lob.vill.on both aid. w.S.IO. 



bill6mni. Sw.O. two-Bowered. 

basilicum. Sw.G. I'rincdy. 

Baniardianum.Sw.G.Barnurd'i. 

BeadAulB. Sw.G 

c6ncolDr. i.e. 

CodriDglAniL 

cmiulum. i.G. 

C*r6thiuni. s.c. 

corljacans. «.a. 



cucull&lnni. Dc. 
cordiilnm. dc. 
ColvflUi. Sw.G. 
CornvMIU. 



Queen Ca roline. cord, snb- lob. vill .M 

comely, 
hooded, 
heart leaved. 

ColviU'i. 



L 



1622 


G.$. ikauUUk 





1B24 


0.i. kt* up i 
G.S..r»<yi.rf, 


1B23. 


1788. 
ISIO 


I&IO. 
182T. 


0.*. nrf jMtti^ 

G.s..A« m 


1829. 


G.^. vUt ■*! 


1824. 


0.$. iinita— 


1818. 


G.». ImOtiM 


1812. 


G.*./or Mm 


1T59. 


o.^.iMgthttm 





G.*. ingSprt^ 


1822. 


G.i. Am tk 


1819. 


G.&. apport, 


1829. 


G.^.ll.eH»nk 


1823. 


G.^. UrutIM 


1827, 


O.^Jtr.N,.* 


1828. 


G.^.t^r, H( 


1816. 


O.S.Poprr, 


teas. 




1824. 


G*. a«fTi« 


1B2S. 


G.i. ji,,., m 1 


1834. 


G.*. prvvd 


1830. 


0.i.«utm^ 


1815. 


o.*.-,«^i 


1820. 




1828. 


o.s,.M kt»fl 


1822. 


0.». ap • MM 


1826. 


G.S.ri^V-A 


IBSl. 


o.». _0aw»n 


1610. 


O.i. (ArMfM 


1690, 


G.* (». mm 


1774. 


0.£. adUEtf 


1620. 


G.i.Egrrmmi 


IBSO. 


G.ft. PHmfi 


1827. 


G.». a»MM,] 


IBIO. 


Q.i.»iuu,i tm 


IB2T. 


G.£. ftrpo^M 


1810. 


G.*. Urtpmtkg, 


1600, 


G.*.-,«^4ft 






1818. 


O.Jb. " t»M 





O.^.g^, «^ 


182S. 


0.*. U»g,fl 


1880. 


G.*. km »f i 


1821. 


G.S-oJrf pM 


1628. 


0.£>. fkoMiY 


1827. 


G.£. ncAMte 


1828. 


G.ft.lJW y«^ 





fl.t. »MdM<«« 




Uy f„f^ 



MONADELPHiA HEPTANDRIA 


■ 


lai 


■r>uiiuulc eBEllm Ponnor cour Mumb n«iw 


Yr.»r 


Solluil 








1828. 


G.S. ed; Ikifort 


CoIley'Bmiiii.Sw.G.Coiley'!i. cor.renif.cncull.viU.den. pK. 





G.i!.cMt0ff about 


Chaadliri. Cliaudler'i-purp.cord. noual. cU. pu. 




G.». 6>luh.l(Hif, 


diihWiloni.Sw.G.burred-petaled. Mr.cucul,«ib-S-lo.«mlh.pA.c. 


18ST. 


G.§t. andtloMcia- 






O.i.derajnM: 


(Widoniirftlium.Sw.G.Cbelido.-ld-cord. obi, B-part. dent. ar. 4. 9. 


1825. 


G.*. If tath <.«(- 







G.S. ting U put 




1824. 


G.S, Jul* a imaU 


wOi.phy'Uum.8v..0.hollow-lea¥ed.cor.acu.cucul.dcii.Bmth. «. ~ 


iBar. 


G.*.pot,2JF«fc« . 


aUUaii. $w.O. graceful. cor.piil.I-9-la.Diid.hair. mi. S. 9. C. U. S. 


. 


G.^.willt,bgSls 


elfaum. Sw.G. dear wliite. eor.S-T-lo.und.toolli.pilo. «■. 5.IU. Hybrid. 


1826. 


G.^..hci/ d»p. 


(»Det66niin.Sw.G.wed6«'-peli''ed- cor. rug. lob. deot. I'ito. a. 5. 9. 


183i. 


G.^.ThtpoUare 




1827. 


G.S.jSfWwilJka 


ek<rropbjlliiin.S».G.Cow-Par8lcy-rd.pinn.Beg.enf. pub. cr. 4. B. 


1822. 


G.i.™B.p»rf,c<m- 


arfil«^nenm.Sw.G.h(»rj-toi>th'd.orbi.cor.S-lob.dcnt.plic re.0.10. 


1B24. 


G.$. luting^, I 






O.S. holf^fttgt- 




1S21. 


G.S. tabUm„ii, 




1823. 


G.*.lfcatfd«»y. 




1837. 


G.^.ed Itma, 1 


CtartHB6dii.Sfr.G.Mr.Cbar1w«)d'>.cor.deeplylob.cani>B. d.« 





G.S.lftirJq^p™t, 




1820. 


G.*. If 1 lixth </ 


Bwltyinom.Sw.G.E.ofDBni1ey's.cord.iiciil.Dnd.vill. er.s.lo, 


1826. 


G.^.fine wMU 


fiMaiftfiani.Sw.G.differeiit-ld. cord. dent. vill. pk.red. 6. 


1T04. 


G.£. Mjid. Prt- 




1B19. 


O.St.tKUitofiO- 


Ita*j**im.Sw.G. Davey's. cor.ren.und.S.lo.den.vill. u. 





G.a."y(fc«p*ti, 


ihiipmt. S«.G. .preacHng-pet'd.cor.acu.S-T.lo.deii.und.im./i.— 


1826. 


Q.£. Iht eompoit 


B«fcrte4nnro.S«.G. Mr».Dobree'..pub.cor.obliuDua.5-T-l(.. k. 


1818. 


G.S!.i>weUmix- 


^aMKb».S«.0. Mra.Deburgh't.cor.obt^-7-lob.aad.deD. n.4. 9. 


1827. 


G.*. tJ together. 


^^^^HkkSn. G. larioiu-leiiired. den.cor.ov.cunca.at ba. M.S. to. — 





G.^.Tkeci,tlingi 


^^^^^Sw.G. variODVcoJor-d. cord. und.3-lob, hairy, fk. ■- ■ ■ 


_ — 


G,£. are intrltd 


^^^K.Sw.G. dlmlinUar-lv'd. ren.S-lu.nad.den.Biu.rc.Ii.rt. 


1E88. 


G.g). by makings 


^^^Ksw.a Mn. Drake's, cor. ren. 3-S-lo. vUl. cr.f. — 





G.S>. ha^ in tkt 


^^^Ki. Sw.G. pendant pptHl'd.3-lo.trun.atbas.bBLr.deo. w. 


1823. 


G.$. c<iitr«, and 


^^^HUinuD.Sw.G.Dimacria-A.lBi'in.pia.Beg.deii.S-toaib.ac. i. b. 


1S2S. 








G.£. them in, the 


lB;?llon.Sw.G.woolly-calywd.cor.aco.3.5.1ob.deti.»ill. bh. 


1826. 


G.S). hole is fitltd 




1799. 


G,^.apu:UkwhUe 


tiwcafilott. Sw.G. noDlly-Btalked. cor.S -lob. pile. mg.deot. k. 4. 9. Hybrid. 


leao. 


G.^. «nd,- Ike 






G.*. loil ij then 




1828. 


G.^. praitdctoie 


apbitDm.S».G. dainlj.flow'd. cor.3 5-lob, hairy, den. w.jm. 


1824. 


G.Jt. to each eut- 


tnratnm. Sw.O. adorned, orb.ren.aud.den.biE.tniD.w. 


ISSO. 


O.S. Ii«g, * Ihrv 


nUmm. Sw.O. lovely. cor.acii.mb-tri.piib.den. ic. 


1827. 


G.^.areicattrtd! 


hWMia. Sw.G. ftsluous. mr.S-lob.»Dilb.iiib-pUo. re.u. 


1S28. 


O-Si.ihesarelheit 


hatlciam. Ly.HBrrington's.cor. lerr. lob. pk. 


1829. 


G.».pt<,i,gedin<i 


Al|lda«. DC. Celandine. Iv-d. ttUect ses.seu. ent.de D. tc.S.lD. C. It, 5. 


1823. 


G.S. hotbed 


IhMeum. fiame-col'd. cor. lob. pub. i£. 4. ID. Hybrid. 


1822, 


G.^./rome: no 


VtB6»n). Sw.G, benl-sialked. cord. or. denL hairy. k. 3.10. 


1821. 


0.^ air it admit- 


Itcddum. Sw.G. flaciad-petaled. cor.lob.imd.haii-y.den. il.re. i. 9. 


18K0. 


CS^.teUMiere. 


'•(iiittbeK. Sw.G.Mi»,Foljarabe'».cor.lob.uiid,den.pub. rf.pi...-,.io. 


1825. 


G.^.raldas$,but 




1BI2. 


G.S, theyar. 


hlrti*».8«.G. M™. FalrlleV r.Dif. S-lob.nnd.denl. ra>. 


1821. 


G.i. ikaded^htn 






^^^^^^^^^1 



MONADELPHIA HEPTANDRIA. 



HIM F. Phiu'i. Tcolf. wrr. vill. pk.it. f 

Vontar'*. cord.und.ierr.pikm. ith.ttl. 

■«Xf. burning. cor.l-Io.orb.vlll.den.riig. m. 4. B. - 

n, hw.O. iiappj'. cor. I- par. nod. den .*ill. cr. 

iw.O. fan-lMved. rcD.deii.vill.DDbotbiid. i(if. 5.10. - 

VaeU.o( Bed(otd\.eot. lob.ierr. vill. d.pu. 

DC. frcat- Dowered, glau.rnitli.palm.a-lol). wh. ( 

kiMiltnl-italked.tern glau.inith. gr. - 

KtgBDUc. rcnlf. ten. ond. vill. pk.pv. - 



n.imth.aub-lol). m.pB. S,10. - 
'lo.und.den.pub.(l«.rc.4.ia. - 

serr. vill. re.pk. 

.lo.rig.uiit.dFn. bk.pit, 5.10. - 



ItlltANiKuin. 

OuwtA. Rw.O. Hr.L.Gower'i. cord. acuLlob .dent. vill. ph. S. 8. 

g lupirbuM, Muprrb, 
UUiiiiiiutn. hw.O. (J.Dfl'urtiij;ar«.cor,7-9-lo.oad.bnir.creii.rr.ii5.IO. 
irmcolcDt. DC. odour of Roie. palm. T-lob. li. 3. 7. 

fl toritgillii. varitgaledlc'd. 
t)iuiirUUimn. Sw.O. Oiiucl urn- Iv'd .tern, plnnntif. glan. da. 5.10. 

ifialiltterim. Slv.G. HDOolliiih-lv'd. CDnl.renif.»inI1i.ilcnt. ir.pa. 

(raiiilld(int&lum.8w.G.larg»-taoth. la i^e, fla belli f. dent. w.pu. 

(iariwyAnnm, Sw.G. Mr.Guni<!]''i.cnnea 3-5.|o.deD.Bmtb. d.rt. 

UmtUlibe. DukeofGrBllon'i.cord.reDir.aerr.vill. pk.tet. 

grtphlr4ini.Sw.O. writ(en-pelBled.ren.>ub-3-1o,flvt,deD.hair.pii.4. 6. 

HUlUnnm. Sw.O. Hill's. 

H6rifI. >,o. Sir.A.Hame'i, 

llnllaiuliinnm. Lord Holland't. 

HoMreimira.Bw.G.FaIr Roumotid. 

HuiHryAnntn. Sw.G. Lady Houcy'i.cord. S-lob. dent. 

bcteroni41luiu. Sw.G. aotl-lcaved. car,ren.3-7-lab.den.vill. re. 4.10. 

hmiuIklum.Sw.G. blood-ipoUcd.cor.ncu.t-T-lob.iiDd.dGn. bh. 5. 10. 

HaniinenUlv.Svr.G.Mrs.Hamineraley'i. cor. reo. lob. den. bh. 4. 9. 

helerotricbum.l.G. unrqiial-bair*d.cor.uib-5-lab.viU.dea. d.re. - — - 

betadeiRiUum.Sw.G.Heracleuni-ld.obl.lacln.iipp.pinnalif. br.i.\0. 

H areiro6d ia.Sw , G . Ly . Hare wood '•.cor.lo.smth.den.edg.cii.if.rr. 

tDilrituin. Sw.G. aprcad.-fpotled. reDif.deol.S-lob.hair. w.kI. 

iiucCilplam. Sw.G. engnived -pelul'd. cor. rcnlf. den t.pilos. li.pH. 

[mplic&lum. Sw.O. implicated. orb.renir.ioft,pilM.deD. pa. 

Invol ncriluin, Sw.G. large -brnc ted, cord. rig. angal. deoL i>a. 

fl miximHM. bagtit-fiou^d. 
IgnflKeiii. Sw.O. liery-flowcred. c«r.S-Iob.*^.aldil'atbif. *e, S. 0. 

I . mtjoT. largt-Jlorered «C. 

S. nlur. tuull-fivirrTtd. «e. 

lmp«riale. Sw.O. imperial. cord, renif. 3-lnb. d.rt. 1.10. 

IcAnlcum. Sw.G. ligurcil. car.Mib-i-loli.deo.cll. tcbk. 5.10. 

Intijtnlluni. Sw.G. marked-llow'd. cord, lab.deui. pub. (I.k.4.10. 

Inumiinm. Sw.G, p[ilc.6cili coI'd.cor.S-S-lob.den. bairy. fi. 

Incan^ent. Sw.O. wbilisb-lv'd, cor.S-la.dcn.canei-pub. pa.O.lS. 
laiert^atnm.Sw.O.lnttrwoTen. ov.obt. lacinaLortcrn. tc. 4. 6. 
tntcriptom. Sw.O. icribbled. conl. Nib-lob.nnd.den. i(d. S.IO. 

JairopbafiMlHin. DC. Jatropha'W'd. pnlm.imlh.lob.laDc.pliiD. jt. 4. 9. 
JenkinaAni.Sw.0. JcniLinwin'i. cor.lo.den.upp.ov.aca. d.bk. 5.10. 
KiiigU. Sw.O. Mr. KingV. cor.trir.vlll.Mg.t-lob.dcn.ac, l.ta. 
KnIpKa. Sw.O. Mr. KnipeV car.iub-lu.dcD.mg.pilM. Jl. 4.10. 
Krnilckv. Sw.O. Mn. Kcnrick'*. cor.I-lo.cuirs.hair.den.r(.rf.6,10. 
iMUenUtum.Sw.U. broHl-loo(li»d.cor.5.T-bb.denI.pubej. m. 4. 9. 



G.£. «» , 
G.£. cnttiMg* 
C.*. p«*. «r I 

G.i./rtrlf. hi 
G.£. or s itMb 



^B MONADELPniA HEPTANDRIA. 


I 


laa 


^^^S^cbUIc EnilLih Form or Cul.or Hunm Niiilvr 


Trjif 


Sfllluid 




Couulrj. 


iBlml 






C.B.S. 


ITTB. 


0.*.J?«er «rly 




Hybrid. 


IS26. 


G.£. ia iViy. 


Unafinun-Sw-G. tpreiid.-nmbplld.cor.S.lo. and .dco. smth. Hb.k.S. 9 





182B. 


G.*. "Eurljia 


luriJniu. Sw.G. glowy -leaved. cor.B-lob.dpn.rfiin.aboT. frfc.S.lO 





1836. 


G.S.J«aa<.-y, a 


hcOabom. Sw.G. broad- lobed. 5<>I,ST-1ab.dent.pabcs. «. 3. 9 





1813. 


O-S. third ileck 







1827. 


G.i.<tf oiHingM 







1829. 


O.S.U pa( in; 







1827. 


Q.». (*e« arw, 


hnfisom. Sw.G. wool-beariiif. cord.flal,deiMely wooll. (i.w. 





1828. 


0.*. d«.,rt<TP«' 


Unun. SvF.O. Ecnt^el. cor.3-lo.liBir.Bbia.deD.pfc.pii. 




1827. 


G.i. al 10 i«:ht. 


I««hk«cke.S«.G.Mr>.Uehkn;k'i.cor.5-T-lo.und.deii.pub. ic. 4, 





826. 


0.^.kigh. Tie 


WophylInm.Sw.G.woollydU,.lv-d.Mnl.pinn.lobe.Mit. *.. 





825. 


O.S. pJon(» arc 







824. 


G.i. krptiitatoel 


UuiiiiE. Sff.O. Lady Lacon's. roDgb^ab-3-lD.den.hair.((.>c.4. D. 


. — . — . 


826. 


O.S.anrf«irffri- 







S2S. 


a.taalim.fram 




-, 


1810. 


G.^. the firn tf 


bdf&Uain. Sw.O. broad-leaved, renif. large dent piloa. rti. 





824. 


0.*..i%toJ«/y, 


KpidtttD. Sw.G. pretty. cord. S-lob. und. hairy. It. 





1822. 


G.*. oiti(«rrlA«n 










G.S. iakat into \ 


■brdintni. Sw.G. M ore's Victorj'. cor.plnnalif. hairy, den. »c. S. 9 





1823. 


G.£. lAehdiMCflo 


MigDiaiiani.Sw.G.Terylarge-lv'd.ccr.ren.sab-S lo.den.bilr.rc. 1. 





I8J7, 


G.9.tlui»H,U)kk;& 


IfctnyiDQiD.Sw.G.Ld.J.MumyV MT.S-lob.and.den.hnir. W. \. B 





1618. 


G.&. (AejwiHdB. 


iuulrbum. viarrh. k. 






G.^.tothcrtidof 


tiamL. Sw.G. mi^ed. cor.5-lo.uDd .plied CD. rig. M. 5. H 


C. B. 8. 


1819. 


G.£. Stytcmlier. 


JlMKluaiDU[a.Sw,G.Mrs.ST>cet't.3-iob.hair.1ab.Beut.deii. «h. $.10 


Hybrid. 


1823. 


0.^." In March, 


»<*itiiin, 8w.G. modest cor.S-lob. and. den .hair, hh 





1822. 


G.i. a fourth lot 


■Iftjimin. Sw.G. Balm-ncented. cord.S-lob.und.deDt. if«. 4. 8 





1818. 


Q.^.tif cutting* 







I82T. 


G.^.u pat in; 







1823. 


G.*. (*<«, lifter 


■ lbImil. L.^J". -LL.. Co- f^ ilarlr lulrtarl on.- P^ Ink >in.1 Aar, hill t* ■•« 





1821. 
1827. 
1825. 


G.S.fcriBff rtop- 
G.S. pub 'hoot; 


■iriBncDQitcuni .off-tr.qarK-eQgco. cor.D.Luo.unu.aen.viiL. K.rc. 













G.^.-«hich,ahm 


■MbUe. Sw.G. admirable. cord. S-lob. dpnl. hair, li.vt. 




1»2T. 


O.^.thiyk»T,g0t 


Mbclu^r6Uuin.S».O.Malaclira-Id.cor.rcD.orsub-3-lob.vl1l. re. 4. D 








0.^.(iinch.long, 


■olBniliain.Sw.G.Ban-leaied. rGn.acu.S-lo.pilo.Mft jiib.Ef.S.lO 








G.S-ar«aJ»o<(op- 


Hllleri. Mr. MiUeHi. cord. 5-lob. dent. vill. f«(. 





1824. 


0.ft.p«l. Th€u 




__. 


1820. 


G.^. plant* art 


■wgUeion. Sw.G. mi^ificenl. cor.aca.sub-T-lo.Bm.den. k. 








G.i.ktpt in a 




CBS. 


1818. 


G.^. cool, airy, i. 


Mcnm&tiim. Sw.G. mucronate. cor.5-lob.deeplytoolli.smlh. 


Hybrid. 


1883. 


G.^JiMtMiJrem 


Mrcsdottlctum. large-niarked. orh.renif.und.dent.yili.rf.pit, 





824. 


G.S. I*« t«d If 


Mratenin. Sw.G. »trong-ner»ed. reD.S -lo. cone. den. pub.pft.rr. 








G.t. !Ha</,toStp. 







810. 


G.S. Iimbir, and 


■tUlum. SV..G. clouded. cor.S-7-lo.acu.flal,den. d.bl. S.IO. 





8*7. 


O.^.tTtthtn la' 


Bitans. Sw.O, noddiiig-flowd. cor.palm.T-lo.nnd.den.pil.ie. 








G.». kn into the 







834. 


G.^.h^uui, and 


MtituiD. Sw.G. markeJ-petaled. cor.acu.S-lo.ncabr.den. im.s.lo 




821. 


C,S, iPJH bloom 


KUniiL Sw.G. Nairn*. cord.B.lob.nnd.dent. d.rr. 





823. 


0.». lilt I)«.m- 




. 


821. 


G.*. btr, arlater. 


■Innm. Sw.G. pigmj. c<ir.3-lo,obIiije.den,bBlr. «. 5. 9. 





820. 


OS- 


X 




833. 


G.S. 








J 




^^^1 


^1 


^^^^^^^^^^H 



^Hl54 MONADELPHIA HEPTANDKIA 


■ 


■ 


■ 


^^^B Syititniik EOfhili Fr.iiu of CuU( Mui 


(1 MLlv 


Yt.n 




^MillMl 


^^^M Sum. NiniF. leaim.at. Flu>. •.fl- 


. (ouulfj 


Intnid 




PNHP'M 


^^^iObrienlinani^w.G.MiMO'Bricn'«.cor.rcnif.cuenll.*iU.den. it S. 


Hybrid 


I88T. 


G.*. 










1B38, 


G.». 





^^ -polftum. Sw.G. iHduliod. rcnif.3-i-lo.and.hBJr. bh.n. 





1621. 


O.S. 


•. 










o.i. 


. 


Peyronue, Sw.G. Lddy Peyton's, cord, renif. I-9-lob. re.re. 

pdnuB. Sw.G, pore-wliite, cord.dentrigid.pnhc*. btA. 





1B31. 


G.i. 








porplij'reon.Sw.O. brigbt-parple. cor,reiiif.8nl> 5-lob.hur. jm. 





laas. 


G.S. 





(Milophyllnin. Sw.G. .moolh-lv'd. Mr.renif.lob.dEii.srotli. rtd. 





1S2S. 


0.*. 





|Hilclicrriranni. Sw.G. beauUtnl. Ten.tnin.albasjob-lo.den.p. 


C. B. S 


IBIO. 


G.i. 











Hybrid 





G.i. 





Princeinum. Sw.G. Piinee't. cor.dcep.lob.pnb.den. wA.S.lO 




1827. 


G.S. 




Pilllficviim. Sw.G. dark-brown. cor.or.acn.sDb-A-lo.den.pil. 








Gi. 


! 







18B1. 


G.i. 




plcctopliyHum. Sw.G. plailfd, cord. T-9-lob. dent. d.tc. A. 9. 





1826. 


o.i. 




PrclflniL Prtaton'.. renif. dent lob. vill. pfc.re. e. 





1829. 


G.ft. 





P6tteri. Sw.G. Pottpr's. cor.tnfj^.lob.de.i.bBir. rt. B. 





1823. 


o.s. 




^nf-trbum. superb. 















1626. 


G.5. 




PeflU. SirRobertPeel'«.cord. lob. «£U. d.pu. 





1829. 


G.i. 




principSai(e.Sw.O.PriD.Chariotte'B.cor.reD.sub-lob.den.hut.p«. 


— 


laio. 


G.S. 


1 


PilkU. Sw.G. Mr. Palk'». Bat ,Mir.3-lob. den. hair. <:r. 1.12. 





1B22. 


G.*. 





pUtjp*talDii. Sw.G. broad-pl. cor. lob.den.upp.cu neat. u-A. 5.10. 





1812. 


G.i. 





piehirStum. Sw.G, pictured. cord. 3-lob. den. hairy, d.hk. 


- — — 


1827. 


G.S. 


— 


plBtaniiaiiiim. Sw.G. Plane -IcBfed.cord. acnt. S-lob. serr. li. 





1824. 


o^. 




pdlchnim. Sw.G. gay. renif. sliehlly lob. dent. px. 


._ 


1820. 


c.i. 


: 


per&niplnm. Sw.G. very large-B'd. orbic. renif. dent. smth. ti. 





1826. 


G.i. 




^^ palliduiuni. Sw.G. pale-pink. cord. vill.S-3-lob. acnt. pk. 





IBae. 


G.». 


~^—. 


^^1 IpeplaitJctum. Sw.G. fivp.marked. pinnatif.lern.hDir.dent. bk. 





1824. 


G.». 





^^^Mq>yracenm. Sw.G. Paper-white. cuneBt.£-T-lob.und.den. icA. 




1827. 


G.i. 


^ 







1829. 


G.i. 


— — . 


^™ phoniceum. Sw.G. reddish- pnrple.orb.rcn.und.rig.den.viU.d.K.fl.lg 





1824, 


G-S. 





pyrethriir&linm.8w.G.Feverfew-ld.cor.paIm.bipinnoUf.huir. tc. 6. 9. 


. — _ 


1821. 


G.i. 


^— 







1820. 


G.i. 


—~~. 


polyuldinm. Sw.G. many-haircd. cord.5-T-lob. [ultMe.den. tcJk. 





1823. 


G.i. 


■ 




Cli.S 


18S2. 


G.S. 


——_ 


Qneenii. Queen's. cor.no-lob.nnd.vill.den. le. 


Hybri.1. 


18S0. 


0.i. 


-—•. 




C.B.8. 


1774, 


O.S. 


— — 






1830. 


G.i. 






Hybrid 


1T96. 


G.». 


. 







1634. 


0.i. 


— — 







1831. 


G.». 


— -^ 


SolllB6nii. Sw.G. Rolliion's. ren.3-S-la.den.UDd.pub. d.r. 





182fi. 


G.». 


— 










G.i. 


— 


rnMicens. Sw.G. Ly. Liverpool's, cord. S-lob.und. soft. red. 4.9, 


. ~ 


1819, 


o.i. 


■ 


fhodopitalOD. Sw.G. rosy-petalcd. cor.5-7-lo.on<J.den.smlb. rn.5.10. 





1826. 


G.i. 










1823. 


G.i. 




rtgfum-Sw.G. Kingly. co r. acnt. den. s-lob. pLlo. k.4.10. 





ISiB. 


c-i. 





nrtni»dil6bnm.Sw,G,n>o«l-labed. cor. S-lob.den. soft, viU. «. S. 9. 




IB2S. 


G.i. 









1626. 


o.». 


-; 




-^ 


1829. 


G.i. 


— 2 


Rlchi^um. Sw.G. Mr. Rich'*. conl. S-lob, und. dent. bh.5.lQ. 




1826. 


OJS. 


- 


*- 






^J 



MONADELPHtA HEPTANDRIA. 



16» 



tjtccnalic 
None. 



Bnclith 
Name. 



Form of 
Leavety&c. 



Coi^of Month Native Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 



Soil and 
Propagation. 



nmiT&tiiin. Sw.G. recunr.-petal'd.flat,cor.obl.8-5-lo.den.pab.ir. 7. Hybrid. 1828. G.J^. 

G.i). 



1823. 
1830. 
1826. 
1819. 
1827. 
1824. 
1818. 



ringeDt-flow'd. piiuiatif.8eg.dentpabe8. «c.8.10. 

Icgfna Sc6tiea. Mry.Q.of .Scofs.cord. and. serr. viU. se,ve. 

Siiitbootduiniii«Sw.G.MusSoathcote'8.cor.5-lo.p1ait.deo.viU. u, 4. 9. 

WChii. t.G. Smith's. cord* und. serr. re, 

■ff&som. Sw.G. saffosed. orb.cor.sab-5-lo.tiiid.deD.pAc.5.10. 

iyhfocfphalon. Sw.G.ronnd-bead.cord. sinuat. lob. sc. 5. 9. 

■ttbile. Sw.G. dissolvible-col'd.orbi.reiii.coiic.den.pilo. pit. 6.10. 

«iiapetBlon.Sw.G.di¥id.-petaled.tem.trif.obl.obt.hairy. y.6r. 6.10. C. B. 8. 1821. G.|^. 
Sqrnio6ris.Sw.G. Mrs.Seymoiir's.cor.S-lob.and.den.piIo. pit. 5.10. Hybrid. 1819. G.J^. 

ifeetibile. Sw.G. shewy. cor.aDd.snb-lo.deep.den.pub. 4. 9. 1821« G.fu 

■tafitmn. Sw.G. saturated. 5-lo.aDd.acu.8harp.tooth.d.r4.l0. 1827. G.J^. 

Ilnfftrtii. Sw.G. Mrs. Stewart's. cor.5-lo.und.obt.deD.vill.d.<.4. 9. 1826. 0,§b» 

8cvbor6viap.Sw.G.Ly.Scarboro's. deep.S-lo.smth.den.rig. d./t.5.10. 1817. G.|^. 

Mrfiliiiii. Sw.G. streak-flowered.cord.5-lob.deDt.pabe8. 6^.3.8. 1818. G.|^. 

flBgBfueoiii. Sw.G. crimson. smth.apex recur .seg.den. cr, 4. 8. C. B. S. 1819. G.|^« 

Sw.G. Looking-Glass. orb.ren.snb-cucn1.den.pil.cr.5.10. Hybrid. 1827. G.|b. 



itom.Sw.G. SQCcaIent-1v'd.cor.3-lo.flat,den.fring. sc.te. 

Sw.G. Sir C. Scott's. cor.5-1o.Qnd.plic.hair.den.se.3. 9. 
Sw.G. Saonder's. trun.3-lo.flat,sm.abo.den.pi(.5.10. 

I. Sw.G. ragged -leaved, cor.5-lob.tron.obt.rag. d.pa. 

Sw.G. marked. cor.obl.acot.5-74o.pab. re. 4.10. 

mese. LadyStamford's. cord. serr. smth. whM. 

m. Sweet's. cord. lob. very soft, cr.re.5.10. 

Sw.G* stained. cor.aca.5-7-lo.bair.den. tr.p. 

Sw.G. Mr. Tibbit*s. cor.S-lob.und.vill.dent. tc. 4. 9. 

Sw.G. bamt-petaled. cor.obt5-7-1o.pub.dent da. 4. 8. 

.'Sw.G. transparent cord.and.7-lo.dent.bair. sc. 4. 9. 



1822. 
1821. 
1824. 
1822. 
f • • . • 
1829. 
1826. 
1821. 
1822. 
1826. 



Sw.G. twisted-petaled.cor.sub-7-lo.flat,und.den. It. S. 8. C. B. S. 



G.Sb. 
G.lb. 

G.|^. 
G.Sk. 



inm. Sw.G. royal-purple. cor.5-Io.flat,den.haicy. pii. 5.10. Hybrid. 1820. G.|^. 



e. Sw.G. Lady Bath's. renif.3-lob.flat,rig.den. pit. 1815. 

Sw.G. shaggy-calyxed.cor.acu.densely haired, re. 1828. 

»nmi. Sw.G. wave-flow'd.cor.5-lo.acutden.pilos. bh. 1824. 

I. Sw.G. home-bred. orbicrenif.den.hairy. pk. • 1828. 

Sw.O. Wlloos. orb.trun.atbaseyden.Till. pu. 1824. 

Sw.G. veioed-petaled. OY.cor.und.den.pilos. «M.4.10. 1825. 

u Sw.G. viscous. palm.5-7-lob.seg.lanc. bh. 3. 8. C. B. S. 1820. 

Sw.G. Prin. Victoria's. reiiif.deeply 3-lob.dent ec. 6.1 0. Hybrid. 1 826. 



Sw.G. closed. renif. dent soft, hairy, ttk, 5.10. 

[▼■tiWiaiuD. Madm.Vestris's.cord. lob. serr. vill. li.ve, 

r.G. Veitch's. ren.sub-5-lob.rug.pilo. pit. 

Sw.G. flyuig-Oow'd. S-part. pub. seg. dent »e. 4. 8. 
I. Sw.G. blushing. cor.den.5-lob.pob.flesb. pk, 5.10. 

I. Sw.G. comely-flow'd. renif.sub-lob.den.hairy. bh. 

Sw.G. Watson's. cor.orbiclob.den.cren. pv. 7.11. 

Wdhttnuin. Sw.G. WellsTs. cor.5-lob.obtden.pUo. ec, 3. 8. 

frtigil. Sw.G. Young's. cor.3-lo.flat,den.hairy.tr.ve. 5.10. 

VHtaMaiiitooai.Sw.G.MissYeatmaii's.renL8ab-5-lo.pilo.ptt.r«. 

««b6fgbiL Ld.Yarboroagh's.cord.cucun.vi11.dent. re. — 

ij^ilw I iimiii.8w.G.Ginger"Scent'd.renif.5-lob.dent hairy, bh. 4. 7. 



1827. 

1830. 

1827. 

1823. 

1824. 

1822. 

1812. 

1822. 

1820. 

1827. 

1830. 

1826. 



G.*. 

G.*. 

G.|^. 

G.^. 

G.f». 

G.S>. 

G.^. 

G.S>. 

G.* 

G.S> 

G.f 

G.* 

G.S> 

G.^ 

G.*. 

G.Sb. 
G.^ 

G.§b> 
G.Sb. 



X2 



^Mk 






MONADELPHIA HEPTANDRIA. 



Ml 



Form of 



CoUr Month Nttife Yr^ 
Flow, of Fl. CoBBtry. lBtro4. 



ua 



NEW GARDEN VARIETIES. 



JJH^^M A it jrlaiil if ■ 



Dncbeat of WeUingtoD. 

Duke Nicolas. 

Do Vere. 

Dofonia. 

KAo Deans. 

Vunny Kemble. 

Kair Helen. 

Oeneral RIego. 

Ilaileqoln. 

Imperatrice. 

JttUet. 

Jolin BoU. 



Lady Mansfield. Princest Aognsta. 

Lady Bagot. Pains. 

Lady Maryboroogh. Qneen of Whtaakmn^ 
Lady WriothesleyRnsselLRenben Apdey. 
Lord Combermere. RosseU's Qneen 

Lord Brongham. Robinson 

Lord Cochrane. Rosa briUante. 

Lady Georgiana Rossell. Sydney. 
Lady OrenvUle. Sophroolnni. 

Lady Ravensworth. Uppoo Saib. 

Marmion. Tomer's Qoeen 

Nimrod. Vemis. 



mV^ATANTIWH, PHYMATANTHUS. Cci.S-part. Pet.nneq. Stam.skort,5/emu, 
^ii^,Uw*0» Uirea-coloored. lan.cat/>rtooth.Till.canes.t0.6.1O. C.B.S. 1791. 0«||^. 



i:4m^VUA,CAMP'YUA. Cor.qf5uneq.peii.2upp.aHetorbu FUam.10. Gfr.tm. SHg.i, 

IligaiH* Nw.O. elegant. ob1.eUlp.und.serr.8Uky. bh. 6. 9. Hybrid. 18S2. 0.|^. 

tl<il<itlir)«MM« Mw.O.sUky-leaved. oT.orb.hair.onboth.8id.den. 4.9. 1820. Q^i^^U^ 

r«rliiisolrtAra.lw.O.Verba8Cum-fld.orblc.nnd.den.downy. U. 6. 9. C. B. S. 1811. 64b. €wiHt^ 

varl(i|At«. Hw.O. variegated. ov.und.den.apextrun. imi. 4. 9. Hybrid. 18SS. 04b* erj 



HHYMfnrRUfSEYMOU'RIA. Cal.i»cl^.teg.Un. P€i.2,Umc.notch.atap€.r^. FiU. 
asaitrAlla. Hw.O. Asanun-leaved. orb.cor.obtent.cUiat. d.pa. 11.2. C. B. S. 1821. 6.9. 



UOA'HKA,HOA'REA. Ca/.6-c/</)r. Pel. 5, f Ae 2 «pp. laac. FiL 10, unUed^S-tter.l^^erH. «%•«. 



atn»Mingu(nea.Sw.0.dk.crini.-col*d.pinn.Ieafi.opp.oT.altcU. cr, 4. 8. Hybrid. 1822. O.9. 

C'lilvfUU. 8w.O. CoWiU*s. tem.pinnati.hair.lea.2-k>. cr. 1828. O.9. 

carinAla. Hw.O. boat-flowered, bipinn.hair.leafl.pinnatif.ye. 5. 8. C. B.S. 1812. O.9. 

culule»f)^Ua.Sw.O. Colutea-lY*d. ov.obt.hair.opp.pinn. cr. 4. 8. Hybrid. 1823. 0.||, 

r6»e«. Hm.O, rose-coloured. lacinJob.obtdentpub. ro. C. B. S. 1792. 0«9« 



JSNKtNSOtNlA, JENKlNSaNU. Coi. 6^/<^. Pcf.4, fA« 2 tifpcr Mes hric«U« sue ^fi«rr~ 

i|uln4ta. Hw.O. qnimte-kttTcd. alt5.par.upp.lea.S-den. §i. 5. 6. C. B. S. 179S. Q4b* 

Nyiini^UI. Hw.O. Mr.Synnot's. ter.pinnatif.pUo.8eg.den. pa. 6. 8. 1825. 6.||. 

lalragAna. Sw.G. squfe-stalked. cor.renif.5-lob.den.hair. IL 5. 8. 17T4.04Mi- 



riroNIUM^ClCONiUM. CmLi-^ift. Pr(.5,m€t. 5taai. erect, 6-7 ^Omi tartar anO. Gsr.fOl 
riilHngllUKIIw.O. FothergittV reBif.5-k>b.cren.dowoy. sc. ft.lO. C B. S GJb* 





MONADELPHIA OCTANDKIA. 


■ 


■ 


1 


1 


w 


ORDER V 








1 


w 


OCTANDRIA. Sta 


MENS 8. 






■ 


W 


Enil^l 


p«mi«r ci)ur 


Monlb N.ti.e 


Yro 




..n... ■ 






L«.«.4t. Flow. 


g(Fi. c«uui.r. 


lul^ 




-'■•"•■■ ■ 


i.AirONlA. Can 


parted. Pe(,4. Sly. I, Birr 


4-^rf.d,qfl«B,™<Mj-«(ded 


■ 


^ 


Cape. 


indiiitere,la[i.ainth. pft 


5. C. B. S. 


1774. 


G.». Sandy loam ^^ 


1 










.,J,«. 


nit.-.,., ^m 


1 




ORDER VI. 






1 




DECANDRIA. Stamens 10. 






1 


iLIA, 


CANAVALU 


Cal.tubul.2.lipptd. VtxUt 


laTettcingMUaktd,cbl. Lfgu. 


..... ■ 


i. B.R. 


Boenos Ayre*. 


pinii.leiifl.o».obl.«rath. pu 


T.B.B.Ayres.l8g6.G.S.ei. 


— ■ 






[Fruit btaktd, ofS »»». racA t 


pp. miih a long Jiaked aam. ^^M 


WM.CRANE'S-BILL. Cal. of Seine. Itav. Ftl.5, 


«<(■. NMt.5gland>. 


Fit. una. 


clthebau. ^^ 


im. BC 


Aconile-leaied 


pell. T-pan. lobes cot. wA 


a. 8. Swltzeri 


1775. 


H.p. Sasdywi/. 


. DC. 


augolar-Btalked 


.T-lob.aeg.ov.lob.deiit. ild 







17B9. 


H.J. 


«fd5,or 


.Sw.O 


.Biirery. 


S-T-part.[ob,3-fid.iUky. bh 


e. T 


S.Europ 


1660. 


HUf''"! "' ^ 




palmjeg.blpmDatif.smlh.pi. 


5. B 


Canariei.1778. 


Ci. 


tht not. ^H 


m. E.FI. lons-sUlked. 


S.part .lob.in many s^. (i 


a. T 


BrilBlB. 




H.a. 


^^1 


Br.FI 


jagged-leaved. 


5-part lob. trif. liaicy. ti. 


5.7 







H.a. 


^^1 


oc. 


Ibenao. 


6-T-part. lobes enl. bi 


a. 9 


Iberia. 


1B03. 


H.». 


^^1 


:.B. 


riibing. 


rcnlf. S-lob. tnf. smtli. ra 


s. a 


Britain. 




H.a. 


^^1 


1. 


Mft. 


orb .many -lob.downy. re.pu 


4.8 







H.fl. 


^H 


1. DC. 


spoiled. 


S.5.part.cut,dent. bh 


S. 8 


N.An.er. 1774, 


H.». 


^^1 


E.FI. 


knotty. 


opp.3 -S-lob .acut.Bcrr, pu 


5.10 


Britain. 




H.». 


— „ ^^M 


.B. 


d«d.y. 


palm, 3-7 -lob .serr.down. pii 


4.6 







H.J. 


^H 


>C, 


crow.foot-Wd. 


pbnatiriobes multipart. 61 


S. 7 






H.». 


^^M 


n. «.B 




reD.1o.scg.obl.trir, den. pu 


S. 6 







H.». 


^^H 


i.n. 


imall-flatcered 


ren.palm.lob.trif.downy. pit 










H.a. 


^^H 


urn. E.FI. rDund-leav«l 


.ten .down. cut. Ptdv.n.a-B.eF 


6.7 







H.a. 


^^H 


.E.F1 


wood. 


7-lob.cut It serr.hairy. pu. 


5. a 






H.». 


^H 


n. B.B 


blDTHiy. 


Opp.Orb.G-T-lo.seg.trif. cr 


CO 







H.». 


^^H 


lum. Swt. WaUkh's. 


5.|ob.«eg,3.1ob.dcl..»ill. ro 


Ncpaul 


1830. 


H.». 


— ■ 


'fJ.BITOIVNEJ. Cot. b(/!d, Kiftul. Car.dauile.o 


uier S-cltft, inner afS petalt. 


■ 


JC. 


■cariet-flow'd. 


pino.lea.ov.ent. Br.smlli.ic 


1. 8. W.lnd. 


1793. 


s.».L.>.>«r«i. ^1 


1 


k 










^m 



Ue MONADELPHIA DODECANORIA. 

ORDER VII. 

DODECANDRIA. Stamens from 12 to 20. 

njiiiMilii E«fli»k Form of Col^f Moatk \allve Tr^ 

htmt. Suae. Leaves, Ac Flow. ofFL CoaBUy. lBtip4. 

DOM BE YA^ DOME ETYA. OU. ^-parted. lurclm. ^ S (rare«. Ptl. 5. SUmu IS-fi^ S tf tJkcai ilviil. 



aafBlati. B.X. uigiiUr-leaved.cor.acam.seiT.mdi. pub. ro. 4. 7. BImrit. 1898. S.|^. L•n^ 

ferragfnea. dc. rusty. OT.obL7-ner.sab-cor.pel.ir A. 181S. 8.|b. 4^ff|fi 

UMBesl6n.DC. hairy. cor.sabrot.acain.Der.creD Madagas.l8Sl. 8.^ i Bliinfii 

HELrCTERES, SCREW-TREE. CaJ.tub.%-4^U. Cor.9/5 pf(. 5fy.j«&.S-clf. Capt^-cdl. 

Isdra« DC. nat-leafed. corr.eUip.serr.scab.pob. sc. 6. 7. £.Ind. 17SS. SJ^ 
lanf»nlafa. dc. spear-leaved, bwc. aeam. ent. fm, 18SS. S.|b« 

PTEROSPETRMUM, PTEROSPERMUM. CalJi-pv. Pet.6. SUulQfS^wkia greater. 

aeeiifoliom. b.x. Maple-leaved, cord. obt. dent. wh, 7. 9. E.Ind. 1790. S.J^.J 

•aberilbtiam. B.M. cork-leaved, obi. acam. apex dent. wh. 178S. S.|^. iafUi^ik 

ienUiai^ttitnm. dc. half-sagittate. oU. ent. cord. wA. 1818. S.J^. ■ ^ 

PENTAEETESyPENTAEETES. Col. dbl outer Z-Uav. Pet.i. Sfy.S-toolA. aifi.5-cdl. 

aivto. oe. oval-leaved. ov. serr. pobes. u, 6. 9. N.Spain. 1805. 8.B. SSsa^ 

pbsnfcea. lUR. scaflet-flowered.altlan.cren.apexatten. sc. 7. 8. India. 1000. S.9. cnilfML** 



MONSrONIAy MONS'ONJA. Col. qfs equal leaves. Pet 5. SUim, 19, umited at tfte frasc * 

speddou B.ai. large-flowered. palm.5-partlob.bipiDn. pu. 5. 6. C. B. S. 1774. 0.9.£aa«i4rfi4^ 
spindsa. spiny. ov. mucr. ent yeL 1790. 0.|^. emUrngt^ 

ASTRAPJEAyASTRAFJEA. JnvoLiifmamy leaves, Cal.5'paned. Pet.i, now.tuMttaU. 

Wallichii. B.B. Wallich's. cor.den.8tip.ov.acaai. sc. 12.1. Maurit. 1820. S.f.Lsam^k^ 

viscte. clammy. cord.angaLpubes.serr. .... MadagaB.18Stk $.Jb. 

euUinge, in a Utile bottom Ae«l» will 



ORDER VJIL 

POLYANDRIA. Stameks many. 

StWAySlDA. Cul. naked, 6'parted,aMgukr, Sty.muUifid, Ceipe. aiawy, 1 or I mednd. 

ilba. DC. wUte-flowercd. ohL ov. snbcord. dent. wk. 6. 7. E.Ind. 1739. 8.9. L/Mm f ktt 

acikta. DC. acate-leavcd. iin. lane. serr. p,yel, 1897. S.|^. asBltf. 

bracteolita. dc. hi«eleolate. ov.lan.acttm.den.snith. yeL 6. 9. S.Amer. 18t8. 8.|^. aMAysfc^* 

carpinifolUL dc. Hombeara-lv'd.ov. obi. bi-scrr. yeL 7. 0. Canaries.1774. G.|^. tti^ 

cooipr^ssa. DC. compressed. ov.1an.acum.den.Br.com.yf. 6. 8. NepaL 1898. O.^. — 

cap^nsb. Cape. ovat. lane, dent ye C. B. S 0.|&. 

dioica.Dc. rough. pahn. 7-lob. rough. wA. 8. 9. Virginia. 1760. H.^. 

grandifBUa. b.r. large-leaved. cor. orblc. smth. soft. yeL 9.10 1816. 8.|ft. 

malvspfldnu B.R. Mallow-flow'd. 7-9.1ob.ba»etruucatc. fcA. Cohimb. 1896. H.^. 



MONADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. 



160 



Mme. 

Map*sei. DC. 
parvifoUa. 



Bugllik 
Name. 



Form of 
Laves, ftc. 



Col.of Month Native Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 



Soil and 
Propagation. 



imooth. palm. 5-lob. smth. 

•mall-leaved, ov. lane, lioary. 



wh. 8. 9. Virginia. 1748. H.f. 

.... l8.Borbon.l820. S.f* 



PAVA VI A, PAVA VIA . Coi. waked, 5'parted. Cap8» generally l-seeded, crowded. 

mt^nt&Bm, dc. Mallow-leaved, 'ov.stalk.; stm.prostrate. pu, 6. 8. lima. 1794. H.fl. Sandy lottm, 
jhiBUfilla. B,R. RfaeBb-leaved. lab. cren. pilose. 



roe. — 



1830. H.a. eeeds. 



MMea.i>G. 
woiMiiia DC. 



AtrerjEA, MARSH-MALLOW. Out.Cai.in9seg, Pet.SyObo. Cape. wkorl. of \ cell. Seedel,kid,'8h, 

. DC. Hemp-leaved. palm.d(mn.ben.ap.8-fid. ro. 6. 7. S.Eorop. 1597. H.f* Sandy loam, 

E.FL coiamoa. cord.&-lob.downy,8eiT. r«. 7. 8. Britain H.f* Mcdt. 

HoUy-hotok. cor.5-7-ang.nig.cren. ro. ^— - China. 1573. H.V. » " . 

KA'LVA, MALLOW. CaLdtLont.qfZUav.iMn^o/lleqf^S'Cltf. Pei.iyobo. Cap.compr. Seede kid.'$k. 

Vervain. angnl. npp. 5-part. cnt. pL 7.10. Europe. 1597. H.f* Light loam. 

BMirbon. ovateyacutdentpubes. 7. 8. Maurit. 1816. S.J^. seeds. 

Caroliiuu palm. 5-lob. cut, dent. re. 6. 7. Carolina. 1723. H.fl. 

broad-cupped, cord. cren. hispid. ros. C. B. S. 1812. ir.^. 

curled. angul.den.crisp.smth. bh. Syria. 1573. U.3. — 

Cape. 5-lo.pub.den.iipp.3-lo.tr.|)Ac. C. B. S. 1713. G.J^. 

fragrant. cor. 5-7-ro. cren. rug. sc. 1769. G.S*. — — 

Mr. Munro*8. cord. lob. rough. salm. Columb. 1828. H.9* ■ ■- 

vermilion-fl'd. ov. cord. 8ub-3-lob. sc. 7. 8. 1798. H.f. 

Moretti's. cord.S-lob.cut^rr.cren. pi. Italy. 1824. H.9. 

Ivy-leaved. 5-lo.obt.rug.den.8ub-pil.M.pic 9. S.Europ. 1768. H.21. ■ 

musk. renif. in 5-7 cut lobes. ro. 7. 8. Britain H.9. 

E.FI. round-leaved, orbic cord. 6 -lob. li. 6. 9. .... H.7L. 

ijMiUla. E.FL common. in7acut.lobes,down.serr.ptt. .... H.f* 

large-stipnled. 3-lo.ent.upp.mttltif.dcn. pu. 6. 8. Spain. 1815. H.21. 

trifid. 8-part.lob.3'fid.lin.obt. bl, H.a. 




[1 cell, ^ 2 valves. Seeds kidnsy^shaped^ 
lAVAWKHA^LAVATeUA. Outer Col. i-lobed, inner divided in 5 lobes. Pet. 5. Caps.lA^eacLi^ 



E.FL Tree Mallow. 7-angl.downy,plaited. pu,ro. 7.10. Britain H.13. Sandy loam. 

U^Ml B.M. hairy. 5-lob.dent.upp.3-1ob. j^ur. 7. 9. Barbary. 1804. H.|^. seeds, or 

ftiilmlii a. B.M. large-flowered. angul.hairy,npp.3-Iob. pu. German. 1731. H.y. cuttings. 

ft M h a. B.K. thrce-Iobed. sub-cord.sub-S-lob.cren. ro. Spain. 1759. G.J^. 

.«' 

VALOPEfM^ALOPE. Incol. qfZ leaves. Cat. 5-parted. Caps, crowded, l-seeded. 



B.F.o. trifid. 



trif.den.smth.lob4tcum. re. 7. 8. Barbary. 1808. H.3. jSaady loam. 

seeds. 



^SOSSrYPIUM^COTTON-TREE. Cal.5-tooth. IntfohZ-part. Caps. 2-5 eelU, if many seeds. 

iMiium. DC. tree. palm.5-lob.1obe8lan. yf.pu. 7. 8. EJud. 1694. ^,S^. Loam Sf leqf 

mould, seeds, or cuttings. 

VriZIAfRU^IZIA. Cal.S'part. Intol. Z-leaved. Pet.S. Stem, united. Caps. b-ceUed, many-seeded. 

^iUbifia. DC various-leaved, palmatif. upp. palm. wh. 5. 6. Bourbon. 1792. ^.^.Loami^peai. 

cuttings, 

[ ^KENAf UIVENA. Cat. double, exterior S-pmied. Caps, of 5 celU, and 1 seed. 

*Mfida.DC moltifid. ov.mnltif.dent.pubes. yW. 10.1. Maurit. 1817. S.^. Loamifleqf 

mould, seeds, or cuttings. 



160 MONADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. 

Systematic Englisb Form of Co1.of Month Native Yr^f Sell 

Name. Name. Leaves, Ac Flow, of Fl. Countiy. IntnHL 



KITAIBE'LIA, KITAIBETLIA. Cdl.d9ubU,auter7'9'pari. Capi. crowded in a 5'lohedkemi. Suit 
▼itifdUa. B.M. vine-leaved. 5-lob. acute, dent. trA. 7. 0. Hangar. 1801. H.9«^^mm> 

MAVACHRA,MAVACHRA. Invol.Z-^Uav. Cdl.S'part. Cor./uini.-sh. limb S-cI^. SHg.l%^$l^ 
ftscUta. B.B. roogh-piled. cor.rotan.lob.; «lm.Yill. ro. 8. 0. Caracas. 1820. S.flU lAghi 



PATONlAfPATONIA. Cdl. double, <ifS-l5Uav€8. <$t^.lO. Cape. S,2-fmivedy and l-u^ed. 

cocdnea. dc scariet. cord. S-lob. serr. «c. 7. 8. StDom. 1816. S.|b. £m» 4* k^ 
spinifix. B.R. prickly-feeded. ov. cord. acam. serr. yel, W.Ind. 1778. 8.|^. » — M » mMm 

ACUA'fflAyACHA'NlA. Col. dbl, outer qf many leavea. Cor.contol. Stig. 10. Berr.S-celL 

MalTayiscns. L. snMwth-leaved. cor.S-5-lo.acani.8cab. •c.1.12. Jamaica. 1714. 8.|^. fli— rfy 

mdUis. B.K. ivooUy. cor. 3-lob. aciun. down. sc. Mexico. 1780. 8.^ 

pildsa. B.C. hairy. cord. cren. Br. hairy, reii. 8. 9. Jamaica. S.|^. 



STUA'RTIA^STUA'RTIA. Cal.5'part. Pet.i. Stig. emewhat S-lobed. (>pf.S-t>alg.<«gtl-l mtML 



▼iq^nica. dc Virginian. ellip. smth. abo.8eiT. irA. 5. 8. N.Amer. 1742. H.£. 

Malaekodindron, l. mouUL euitin^ ark^tmi 



GORDiTNIA, GORDO*NIA. Cut. qfi leav. Pet. 5. Sty. 1. Stig. 5. Cape. ^5 ceUe^ 5 vabh ^t 

Lasiinthns. b.m . smooth. obi. coriac. smth. serr. wh. 8.11. N.Amer. 1780. H.§^Sjmm^ptm 

pab^scens. w. pubescent. obov.obLsmth.under. wh, • 1774. H.^ Iq^nn^if ' 

cuttinge. 



HIBTSCVS, HIBrSCUS. CaL double, outer qfmany leaeee. Stig. 5. Caps. S-eeUed, — ■.-— J-i ^ 



acerifdiias. oc. Maple-leaved, cord. 6-lob. hairy. va. 3. 6. China. 1798. O. 

Abelm6schas. l« Musk Okro. sub-pelt.cor.7-ang.serr. ye, 7. 9. India. 1040. 8.^ 

digltitus. B.B. fingered. digit.leafl.5-Ianc.serr. ye,re, Braxil. 1818. 8.flU 

ficiilneas. l. Fig-leaved. palm. 5-lo.Iob.obl.den. $t. 6. 7. Ceylon. 17S2. 8. JS 

heterophyHus. Roz. varioos-lv'd. lin. lane. acum. serr. tp.p. 8. 9. N.S.W. 1808. 0.|b. 

moscheiktos. L« mosky. ov. acam. dent. loA. 8.10. N.Amer. I820.H.V.9. 

mntibiUs. B.B. changeable. cor. angul. 5-lob. acum. r<t.l0.12.E.Ind. 1690. 8,^. 

militiris. DC. military. cord . ha8t.3-lob.serr. irJk.|iAr. 8. 9. America. 1804. G.10.9. 

macrophyllns. Rox. large-leaved. cord.acam.cren.9-nerv. yel. 7. 8. ■ 1820. 8.1^. 

paliistris. L. marsh. ov.dent.8ab-trilob.down.pi(, 7. 9. N.Amer.l759.H.ir.9. 

peduncul4tas. dc. peduncled. alt.3-5-lo.bas.cor.hairy. ro. C. B. S. 1812. 0.|t. 

r6seas. DC rose-coloured, ov. cor. den. hair. ben. ro. S.Europ.l824.H.ir.9* 

R6sa-siii6iisis. b.m. China Rose. ov. acum. smth. dent. bc. 7. 8. E.Ind. 1781. 8. JS 

I, priUfrO'pUnuM. double-red. tc. S.J^. 

2» JUvO'plinut. double-buff. cop. 8.|t« 

racem^ras. b.r. Nepal. cor.lobate^rr .hairy. ye,pu, Nepaul. 1824. 0.|^. 

syriacos. l. Althspa-frutex. wedge-8h.ov.8-lob.den. va. 8. 9. Syria. 1596. H.Jb. 

1. purpdreue. purple. pu. H.^. 

2. Albue. white. wh. H.*. 

8. varieg^tUM, variegated. sc.irA. — — H. j^ 

spl^ndeos. B.M. splendid. palm. 3-5-lo. lobes lane. pfc. 6. 7. N.Holl. 1828. 8.|ft. 

tiUAceus. B.R. Lime-tree-lv*d. cord. acum. cren. yd. 7. 8. E.Ind. 1789. S.|b. 
▼iottceus. violet-coloored. ov. lob. serr. pubes. ro.tt. —~ Calcutta. 1880. 8.^. 



MONADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. 



101 



SyiteiBitle 
Ni 



EaglUk 
Mame. 



Form of 
Leaves, ftc 



CoLof Month Native Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 



Soil and 
Propagation. 



CAMKLLIAy CAMELLIA. Cat, imbricated, many-Uaredf the inner learet tke largest, Pet.obw* 

oommon. OT.acniiuaerr. r«. 4. 6. China. 1739. G.f^. 



1. 



I. Uhm. wIdU. 

9. mtrmriiken9. dark-red, 

X. mumomfUra, anewutne»Jiow*d, 

4. ^tf^iil. JIfr. Alton's. 

5. mmemanyUrarub, redWaratah. 

6. BfrML Lord Byron's. 

7. MMb. HasklVaratak. 

8. HesHar. two^oloured. 

9. Be^ordUna. Dk.qf Bedford's. 

10. atai^ea, Jtesk-coloured. 

11. CkamdUri. CkandUr's. 

II. Okpekmm. Lady H. Clive's. 
IM, armsainhxis. tkiek-nerved, 

14. aarm^meus. singU pale-red. 

15. eaceinea, scarlet. 

1§b tsmpiiiin, compact-Jlow^d. 
IT. aariiiinm. coral-flowered, 
IS. eomekifldra, skell-flowered. 
It, DiantkiflSra. CarnaHon-fl^d. 

Preside Eclipse. 

expanded. 
Epsominns. Young^ssenU-dbU 

ekoice red. 

fringed. 

cluster-flowered, 

Mr. HibberVs. 

imbricated, 

splendid. 

Mr. Knigkes. 

skining. 

Umg-leated. 

pale-yellow, 

myrtU-Uated. 

Paony-flow'd, 

datted-flowered. 

D's.qfNortkamb. 

carmine, 

KewBlusk, 

Ross's. 

U. rkbro'p ii na, double-red. 

41 radiiia, single-rayed, 

reflex- petaled. 
Allnut's superb, 
double-striped, 
Welbanies. 
lady WUton's. 



tkflmkridta. 
n,flMdm. 



M* vstkrieAta, 



lUikeUm. 
n,lougifiUa, 
n^miemilba, 
tLmyriifttia. 
tS, pmomifllkra, 
9^pumetAta, 
tr. PircytB, 
^prindps, 
Urn, Pomponia, 



U,refldi 
^spUmdens* 
^tarieg^ta, 
m, Wdkknkii. 
47. WUiSm^. 



• • • • 



• • • • 



G.$. The soil that appears beat 

G.$. adapted for the growth of this 

G.$. beautiful tribe of plants, is the 

G . f^. top sward of a pasture tliat con- 

G.|^. sists of a sandy yellow loam, 

G.|^. which should be well chopped 

G.|^. up with the spade, and incorpo- 

G.|^. rated with about one fourth of 

G.|t. sandy peat, and one fourth of 

G.J^. leafmould, and to be frequently 

G.|^. turned and mixed together for 

0.§b' six months previous to using. 

O,^. When the plants are young, 

G.f^. they require frequent shiftings, 

G. lb. so as to prevent their roots 

G.|^. from getting matted in the pots, 

G.$. which would obstruct the free 

G.i^. penetration of the water 

G.|^. through the ball of mould, and 

G.J^. without a dne proportion of 

G.$. heat and mobture in the grow- 

G.|^. ing season, the plants mtUI be- 

O.f^. come stinted and unhealthy. 

G.|^. The most suitable season for 

G,^. shifting the CamellietBy is in 

O.^. March,or April, when the plants 

G.|^. have done flowering; when they 

G.JIb. should,afterwards,haveaslight 

G. ^. degree of artificial heat applied 

G.§^. to them, which will encourage 

G.^. the growth of the young shoots, 

G.|^. and better enable them to form 

G.|b. their flower-buds. The foliage 

G.|^. should be frequently syringed 

O,^. with soft water, and kept clear 

G. lb. from all filth and dust ; but care 

G.|b. must be taken not to saturatethe 

G.fb. soil too much about their roots. 

G.|b. All the species and varieties of 

G.fb. this j'enus may be increased by 

G.ib. layers, grafting, or inarching 

G,ft» them on the common stocks ; or 

G.ib. bycuttings, taken off at a joint, 

G.fb. when tlie young shoots are ri- 

G.J^. pened, and inserted in sand, 

G,^. under hand-glasses. Most of 

G.J^. the species and varieties of the 

Camelliece are well adapted to be grown in airy rooms, where they 

will freely expand their beautiful blonoms. 



wk, 5. 4. 

d.red. 

wk, 

red. 2. 4. 

red, 

ros. 

bk. 

ro.wk, 

wk. 

car. 

St. 

red. 

red. 

p.red, 

sc, 

irA. 

sc, 

red, 

red. 

red, 

red, 

red. 

red, 

wk. 

tck. 

red. 

red. 

red. 

sc. 

sc, 

red. 

red. 

pa,yel, 

pk, 

bk. 

red. 

sc. 

bh, 

red, 

red, •r— 
red. — 

red. 

cr. 

re, 

bk. 

IT*. 

ra. 



MONADELPHIA POLVANDRIA. 



oleirerous. ov.eHi[ 

reliculaleJ. oT.neri 

Lady Banka'a. eUip-sn 

deubU-Jlom'g. .... 



tch.i.7. Chiaa. 



Mu&nqiw. B.I 
JtircpUnc. 

TITEA, TEA. Cal.iif&-aiiati*. Pet,<i-9,tomrii-kat united 
Boh^ L. Bohea. ellip. obi, itiln. 

riridil. L. green. etiip. lane. flat. 



1819. 6.£. 
rtd. 4. 6. 1834. G.*. 

wh. a.io. 1811. o.s. 



Ike baie. Gtr. on. pui. 3-MJlcd. 

(rh.8.12. CliiDn. 1T68. G.£. — 
wh.2.10. O.ft. — 



, ADANSQ'NIA, 

f 43^tita. B.H. 

tlVTTA-LLIA, 
OgititB. B.M. 
CAROLFNEA, 



ADANSffNlA. Col. ting. tlieid. Cm-.itfSptl, Sly.eUng. Cap:lO-ceU.iinnf-iti. 
digttale-leaved. qDio.Iean. cUip. smth. u-lk. 6. SeDe^l. IT34. S.^. Rieh tm 

NUTTA'LLIA. Cal.S-clf/l. Cor.'o/Sptt. Capa.abeiit\t,c»lltclediHttitluTl. 

digitate-leaved. iub-peU.B^.UD.smth. pK. 6. 8. N.Amer. 1S21. H.f. ' 
CAROLI'NEA. Cat. mb-tritn. FU.sprtad. Sty.elan. Slig.e. Cap: l-ttH. mmj mt 

white. d1giLlea.5-el1i.ob1.inilh. irh. 7. B. Brazil. ISIT. S.£. SvfJfi 

great-flowered. leafl.S-T,obov.obl.amtli. rfrf. W.Ji 

leuer. Ieafl.T,ellip.(ibl.acule. leh. Gulai 






CLASS XVII. 

DIADELPHIA. Stamens combined in 2 parcels. 

ORDER I. 

PENTANDRIA. Stamens 5. 

, PETALOSTE'MUHf.PETAtOSTE'iaUM. Cat.S-cUft. Prt.5. Legu-iaehMedbylketalfX. J 

purple. pin n.1 Gail .in Z|iBir9.1in.ri.pii. T. 9. Misiourl. 1811. H.p. Sia^HJ 



ORDER II. 



HEXANDRIA. Stamens 6. 



I rVMA'RIA,FVMITORV. Cal.<tf2hac. Car.ntg. PeH,u 

ramping. blpinn.leafl.'wedge-Bh. vh. Britain, 

nine-lpaved. leafl. ov. orttic. f-S't- Kpaiu. 

imall- flowered, lead. lin. cbann. pft. Britain. 

CORYD'ALIS, CORYDALIS. Cet.ofHeata. Pil.t. Pod2-tahed,compr.wUliaBmyM*i». 
daficulatB. b.b. white-clinibing. pinn.leaH.ellip.Rlau. ttk. 6, T. Britain. 



enneapbylla. 
panill6ra. e.i 



H.n.S 
H.». 



^^^_ daficnlatB. 

^^K ai^uuiiaiia. 



•r-leaTcd. Utem.seg.liD. Brac.sf 



r. Britain H.S. Auifl^ J 

-Iberia. 1810. U.^p. tadkM 



DIADELPHIA HEXANDRIA. 163 

lagllili Fom of CoLoT Month Native Yr.of Soil tnd 

Mamo. Lmrct,&c Flow. ofFI. Conntry. Introd. Profsgatioiu 



choice. bipiim.leafl«piimatif. cor. 6. 7. N.Amer. 1812. H.y. 

ftnndn. b.m. bloih. pinnatif. glaoc. car. 1796. H.f. 

]dt«L B.B. yellow. biplnn.leafl.wedge-sh.trif.y. 4. 8. Britain H.y. 

■6bilis.B.if. great-flowered. bipiDii.lea.8-iMir.cii^glaii.y«. 5. 7. Silieria. 1788. H.^. 

paodfldnL Pen* few-flowered, bitem. leafl. 3-part« pu. 1823. H.^ . 

aflida. E.FI. solid-rooted. bItem. leafl. obi. glan. pu, Britain H.^. 



ORDER III. 

OCTANDRIA. Stamens 8. 

i'and 2 valves. Seed I, 
/yelov, Cap$.(^2eeU$ 



acominate-Wd. opp.8e88.ov.acuni.«mtb. pu, 4. 9. S.Aiuer. 1827. G.|^. Loam and 

B.C. attenuated. opp. cord. acum. pu, C. B. S. 1823. G.J^. peat, 

BamAonL dc. Barmanu's. lin. obt« Br. pubes. pur, 1800. G.|^. cuttings^ in 

bndeolitB. B.if. spear-leaved, lin. lane. smth. ptir.5.10. C. B. S. 1713. G,^, iand^ under 

CWmb bfiins. B.M. Box-lea?ed. obl.lancmuc. Br.creep. yel, 5. 6. Europe. 1658. H.J^. agUus^ will 

B.M. heart-leaved. op.cor.acuni.Br.roan.8ni.ptt. 3. 8. C. B. S. 1791. O,^, root/reely, 

B.C. dwarf. ov. lane. imbr. pk, 5. 8. 1817. G.J^. 

B.R. strap-leaved, lin. lignl. smth. pur, 1820. G.J^. 

B.R. broad-leaved, ov. rhomb, decoss. glao. pur, 3. 9. G.|^. 

yellow. obi. lane. acn. yel, N.Amer. 1739. H.fl. 

■jilUSMia. B.A. myrtle-leaved, obt. obov. obi. macr. pur, 5, 8. C. B. S. 1707. G.J^. 

Iffoatifdlia. B.R. opposite-leaved, opp. ov. acot smth. pur, 1790. G.|^. ■ ■ 

fHrfcalita. B.R. panlcled. lin. lane, scatt. p,pu, Jamaica. 1822. S.9. 

pncUWa. B.M. few-leaved. ov.acnt.atbothends,shin.p«. N.Amer. 1791. H.y. 

Ph. pale-red. lane. lin. mncr. ros, 6. 7. 1828. H.^. — <— 

i. shewy. obl.wedge-sh.cM.npp.fln.pa.S.lO. C.B.S. 1814. G,^, 

rtyriiitii. B.1C. large-stipoled. in 3-4'8, lin. cyl. acut. pur, 1801. G.|^. 

tensMHa. B.iep. roond-leaved. lin. obt. falcate. pur, 5. 8. 1791. G,^, 

nl|lris.B.F. common. lin.lan.;stm.cr.6A./m.pAE.ortP. Britain H.^. 

MifNNINA, M(yNNINA. Cal.qf5leafD€s. Pet, 5, unit, at base, FU.incurv, hairy, Ger,obl. S tig. obt, 

DC. obtnse-leaved. obl.obov.obt.sab-pnb. pa. 6. 7. Lima. 1880. G.|^. 



ORDER IV. 

DECANDRIA. StamexNs 10. 

[Legu,ftaty of I cell, if 2 valves 
tf^ARTIUM, BROOM, Cal.S'toothed^cup-shaped, Pet. 5, standard obocate, Fiiam, 10, Stig, hairy 



w. Spanish. lan.eDt Br.opp.ronnd. yel, 7. 9. S.Earop. 1548. H ^. 

JLfUm. douhU'ftowered. 

Y2 



^■^104 DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 


^ 




Fuimor Col.ofMunih Native Yr.of 


8»I1*( 




Lunrs.&c. Floir. ufFI. Cuumij. Inliod 


P.»..(« 


^^M lESSBrRTTA,LESSeRTIA. 


Co/.B-parl. rMi«..prt«rfinff. K«i<.M. SUg.capi 


G.a. ; 




«-6pair*,hn.ob(. imr. T. S. C. B. S. 1B2G 


^^M pticbre. B.I1. pretty. 




o.a. — 1 


^^P GENrSTA, GREEN-WEED 


m-i-tl^.tubu. P«.6. Slm4.i>bl.l[rtfiex. Fil.ii.a«I.. Lv.li^ 


^^* iaglica. E.FI. petly-whin. 


OT. lane. eol. Bmth. yd. i. 6. Britaio 


H.S. S^Uglt 


cannri^ntU. i.. Canary, 


tern. oU. in ucr. vill. ytl. Cnnaries. 16^6. 


O.S. -ttf 


eiadk»<a. t. white. 


Icm. obov. pubef. yil. 4. 7. Spain. 1735. 


H.i. .r;.,! 


decbmbem. B.C. trailiag. 


lone obL dlty. gel. S. 6. France. 1TS5. 


H.i. 


difiikM. w. diffuse. 


lane. sniUi. snb-dl. t,tt. Italy. IHle. 


H.*. 


biip4nlca. B.C. Spanish. 


lin.spiny.Br.pube«. ytl. Spain. lliO. 


H.i. 




Iimcfilky. Br.slriat. irk. C. 7. S.Europ. 1690. 


Fi- 


SpiriiuK. meaiupiniinm. l. 






OT&ta. oval-lEsvcd. 


ov. obi. pods buiry-. ytL 6. B. Hungary.lSie. 


H.*. 




lane. acut.8ill»y ben. ytl. 


H.». , 


1 pilosB. E.U. hHiry-6reeii-wecd.«bov. lane, hairy. jri. S. a. Britain 


H.i. . 




ov.lan.hBiryiatnncreep.yW. German. 1S70. 


Hi. .' 


^H Mricea. 


lin. lane Billy. g(J. Austrix. ISIV. 


H.J. 


^^H tiDCloria. Br.Fl. dyors. 


lanc.smth.niBrg.dllaL yel. fi. 8. Britain 


H.*. 


^^M triqnelra. b.k. three-sided. 


Dv. lane. vill. jfl. 5. 8. Corsica. 1770. 


H.i. J 


^^m V'LEX, FURZE. Cal.qfacone 


ltm.S-ti.alk. Cnr.ufsptt. Fil.fpiSKU. L<f.^lc(U. AedsOtf Ij^ 




h.nc. lin. Br. tUI. ytL t. S. Britain 


H.i. — a 


^H Libdmica. Irish. 




H.i. — m 


liD. Innc. ; .tfHuerccL ytt.B.ll. Ireland 


^^H niniiB. dwarf. 


Iin.a«rl-!h. Brac.raiimte. jd. BriHuo 


H.i. :^ 


^H OrrONlS, REST-HARROW. 


Cal.tMb.inidupug. C»T.(ifSptti. Ltg.ttt».vftaU,t!itln.v*^ 


^^m MnimU. E.Ft. cotntnoD. 


iilt.tinp.roiig.«irr.Btapex.r(.. 0. B. Britain 


H.«..S.W,ri 


^^V cciipa. I. crisped-leaied 


tern.nib rot.de nt.pnb. yel. Spain. I7SB. 


F.i. »*' 


^^ fraticoia. A.M. shrubby. 


tern. less. Unc. «err. red. 3. 6. S.Enmp. 1680. 


H.i. «■ r«* 




obov. dent. recur.pnb. wh.pk. 4. Tcncriffe 


F.». r-tt 




tern. ot. detiL nd. Switiert. IS70. 


H.i. 


^^ qrti.d«.E.Fi. .piay. 


tcrn.obl.biu.wedge-»h. rat 6. 8. Britain 


H.i. 


^^L 


rami 2 raict,. Sttd, 


-3, kiduf* 


^H ANTU-YLLIS.KIDNEY-VETCH. Cat. S-loolh. P«t.S. Fif.lO. Ctr.oHJ. Stiff 


M. Un-^ 




pinu.lea6.ov.obl.pub. nu. 6. 7. Europe. 1739. 


H.». LitUI 


^^1 Yulner^ria. E.FI. Ladiei'-finger 


pinn. npperlsrEC. ytl. 5. 6. Britain 


H.f. ml 


^^1 


[Ltg>,.lint«r..ifU 


f".*8rv«i, 


^H 'OROBVS, BITTER-VETCH 


CaS.S-parttd. Car. </6 prt*. Standard oLk. lirr. 


cbl..g. M,.Ji 


^H «lbiu.B.F.G. white. 




H.B.SO*l 


^H Uguitil^int. L. nirrow-leaTcd 


in2-3pr».lei.fl.emif.acut. e. Siberia. 1766. 


H.». mt 


^^P PUcherl. B.C. Dr. Flscher'i. 


hn. smtii. in pain. pur. Rub^Ib 


H.«. er jmt 


^^ hlr>atiu. B.». hairy. 


pinn. lead. 0*. acnt. rin. 0. 7. Levant. i6li*. 


H.H. n* 


lilteas. n.c. veliow. 


3-S prs.leaa .elljp.lan.glan. y. Siberia, 1759. 


at. 


.jWaticM. E.FI. wood. 


pin.in7-10pr.ofov.lea.pi..u-. ,■). 7. Britahi 


H.». — 


1 tnber&uis. E.FI, tuberous. 


pinn. lead. lane. glan. pur. 


H.». 


^^B «<rnui. n.H. spring. 


inSprs.leafl.lan.acuni. pur. 3. 4. Europe. 1030. 


H.II. » 


^^M nriegitus. vaiieg»tcd. 


in8.3pr8.1ea.ov.Bcilm.pil.ji». Italy. 1B21. 


H.li. 






ri^M 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 165 



IjraleBaUc 


Bi^lUh 


Form of 


CoUof Month Ntttre 


Yr.of 


SoUiBd 


Mnft. 


NiSne. 


Lesrety&c 


Flow. ofFl. Country . 


Introd. 


PropigitloD. 



[Ger.compr. Sty.JUUtemd, Legu,qfleeU,tf2vdlveM. 
LA'TB YRUSj LA'THYRUS. Cal. qf5 unequal $egmen. Pet. 5. Standard obov, with refiexed margUu. 

A'phaca. B.FL 7d.Yetchliog. StemerectjleuAesB, «i. 6. 7. England H»11L, Light miL 

afiKmiciu. B.B. CaUfbrnian. in4-5painy]eafl.enip. pur, N.Amer. 1826. H.y. tefd^, or di- 

gruwiiflftr—. B.if. great-6owered. in8pair8ylea6.o?.obt« put*. Italy. 1814. H.9.vtdt«j^roo<f« 

Unfttot. B.M . hairy-podded* Tendrils with 21an.lea6. va, 7. Britain H.fl. 

httRSOn, L. broad-leared. Tendrila with 2 eDip.leafl. ro. 7. 9. .... H.y. 

Mkrinii. E.FL crimion. lin. lane. Stip. awl-sh. cr, 5. .... H.fl. 

idaritui. B.M. Sweet-pea. pinn. leafl. or. mncr. to. 6. 8. Sicily. 1700. H.fl. 

fntteis. B.B. meadow. Tendrils with 2 Ian. Iea6. yf. Britain H.y. 

pttstiis.B.B. manh. Tendr.with2-Sprs.elli.lea.6. .... H.y. 

^Iv^stiia. E.B. £Yeflasting-pea.Tend.with21anc.1eafl. pit.flp. 7. 0. .... H.^. ■ 

■tirva. B.M. chickUng-Tetch.pinn. leafl. lin. obi. wh. 6. 7. S.Eorop. 1640. H.3. 

vcnteia. B.FLO, yeined. pinn.leafl.oT.obt.mncr. pur. N Amer. 182S. H.y. ■ 

[^Sty, bearded beneath the stignuu 
VTCIA, VETCH, Cal, tubu, </5 uneq, seg. Cor, qfs pets. Standard ov, with deflex, sides, Ger. compr, 

faitifoliw. B.F. narrow-leaved, pin.leafl.lin.low.rsobo. pic. 5. 6. Britain H,1i, Sandy loam, 

stnipBrp6reB.B.R. dark-purple. pinn.leafl.lin.lanc.rancr. fm, Levant. 1778. H.fl. seeds^ or 

Crteca. E.F1. tnfted. pinn.leafl.lanchairy. pu,hl, 6. 8. Britain H.^. parting 

hjflMida. E.F1. hairy-flowered, pinn. leafl. obi. hairy. yel, .... H.^. roots. 

Ifeffgto. E.FI. smooth-podded. Leafl.eUip.obt.8mth. pu.bl, 7. 8. .... H.^. 

hAynides. E.B. spring. Leafl. ellip. hairy. piir. 4. 6. .... H.fl. 

E.F1. yellow. Leafl. ellip. hairy ben. yel. .... H.^. 

E.B. common. Lea.elli.6-10,opp.OT.alt.p.6^ 5. 6. .... H.fl. ■ 

B.FI. common-bnsh. Leafl. ov. hairy. pu.bl, .... H.y . 

qfiffttiea. E.F1. wood. Lea.elll.acn. Stip.den. tr.rt. 7. 8. .... H.^ • 

[over on the outside, 
SRTUMyTARE, CaUS-part. Pet. 5, Standard obov. slightly reflex, Ger. obi, Stig. capita, downy att 



Rox. two-seeded. pinn.leafl.lin.lan.downy. It. 6. 7. £.Ind. 1824. H.fl. Sandy soiL 

MiiituBi . E.F. hairy. pinn.leafl.obl.trunc. pu,bl, — — Britain H.fl. seeds. 

L. foor-seeded. Leafl. obi. obt. P*^'g^» ■ .... H.fl. — 



[close singU'Seeded joints. 
ORNFTHOPUSf BIRD'S-FOOT. Cal. with 5 nearly equal teeth. Cor, qf 5 pets, Legu. curved^ tf many 






I. L. compressed. pinn. leafl. compr. vill. yel, 6. 7. S.Europ. 1780. H.fll. Light loam. 
fnyiHliiii. B.FI. common. alt.pin.lea.elli.hair. w,re,st, 5. 8. Britain H.21. seeds, 

ASTROVOBWM^ASTROVOBIVM, Cal,5'tooth. Cor, keel, compr, Legu, round^ articulate. 

wyfadam. dc. repand. ov. notch, npp. pinn. yel, 6. 7. Barbary. 1805. H.fl. Sandy soil. 

OrmUkopus repAndus. Lam. seeds. 

nipiaidea. DC. Pnrslane-lv'd. tern, leafl. small, roond. yel, S.Earop. 1596. H.21. 

OnHhtpusteoTpioides, u 

[jointed. Seed oblong^ curved. 
MIPPOCRETPIS, HORSE'SHOE'VETCH. Cal. bell-shaped ^i-eUft, Cor, (if 5 pets. Legu. incurved, 

hiifcrica. B.if. shrubby. pinn. leafl. ellip. hairy, yel. 5. 6. Minorca. 1776. F.|^. Light loam. 

Mate. E.B. tnfted. Leafl.7-12.obo.hair.ben.j>.ye.4. 8. England H.^. seeds, or 

■iWriliqiidsa. L. many-podded, pinn. podsstalk. clust. ye<. 7. 8. S.Europ. 1683. H.21. cuttings. 

l>E8M"ODIUM,DESM"ODIUM. Cal.i'Clrft,opp. Cor. vexiU, erect, notched. Ger, linear, hairy, 

^libiaB. B.M • doubtful. tem.leafl.obov.pubes. ro«. 6. 7. Nepaul. 182S. S.^, Sandy loam. 

O'lans. DC* wfairiing-plant. tern. ov. lane, obt re, 7. 8. E.Ind. 1775. S.V. cuttings. 

Hedysaram gjfrans. L. 



^Hiw 


DIADELPHIA DKCANDBIA. 1 


^^^M arrtniuiic 


Ea«ll>b Focinor CoUr Hantta NiiLx Tr.of aoUiril 


^^V 


Nin,. UJ.«, *c. Fb- 


otFl. C...BItj. Inliwl. Pn>vi(itb 


^H htifolium. 


b road-leaded, cord .orbic pub. ben. pu 


C. China. 181B. S,S. . 


^H naiBIH. 8.M. 


draoping. teni. lead, uodul. rotun. bl. 


E.Ind. 1623. S.*. * 


^^ C'rTISUS,CrTISVS. Cia.a-lipp.lowfTlip3'fid. Kectobtu 


e. Legu. eomprtifd. 


m/>na. 


lwo-flo»ered. lerD.leafl.obl.eUi.s'Jk.beD. y 




_ noltiflom. II.R 


manj-Bovrered. tern.leafl.obl.baK.atten. yd. 


Europe. 1800. H.*.. ; 


^_^ nigricai... b.r. 


dark'podded. tem. leafl. ellip. pUoi. yiL 


Aiutria. ITSO. H.S. 

[Ugu.qfl,rin<,rt.i,gl,Meed€dJtla 


^^^BEDySARUlU.HEDrSARVM. C<.i.S-par(. P<t.5. K«i 


obtuic. Ger.nmpr. Sty.enrtedufieui 


^™ «lpim.»i.B.B. 


Alpine. pinn. ov, lane. smth. pa. 


6. 7. Siberia. ITM. H.^. Rich tm 




Italy. lS9a. H.B. Imm. 


elongiuim. FU. 


elongaled. pinu. lead, ellip, pin-. 


Boisla. IBiS. U-V. tmb, 1 


frandlflorum. 


la rge< flowered, pian.teafl.ellip.silk;. it. 


Iberia. 1930. H.p. pa1h« 


ObscLLrum. b.m. 


creeping-roofd,Lcafl.S-9paira,ov.smth. pK. 


Europe. 16J0. H.^. rutt. 


riKDm. a.M. 


row-coloiired. Leafl.6-8prs.obl.lBn.vm.ru. 


— Siberia. ISOS. H.^. | 


, [gibbom. Sr,d, kidney^luJA 
^_ ASTRAGALUS, MILE-VETCU. Coi.tf 5 «L,rp t,ilh. Pit.S. Standard ththngtrt. Lrgu-i^^S^ 




Fo!iUU.likc. Leafl. ov. lane, pubes. gd. 


0. T.Siberia. IT3T. H.^.S^ndyUmi 


H>ri»Atu«- 


Bwned. Leafl.6-9pn.obl.niucr.pil.ic. 


Pyrenee.lTOI. H,*. xrdl; J 


■r Ocer. L. 




Europe. ISTO. H.y. -J 


capititas. l. 




7. 8. UvanL USB. H.lf. 


^ycyplij11ui.E.FI.WildLiqnorice.05|«nlong,iif9-lIo¥.leafl.ffe. 




pilegir6rml9. I.. 


Goafs- Rut-l'd. Lea.12-iaprs.ell.obt.; <(iB.er 




bypoglfitlis. E.B 




e.T. Britain H.H. 


tecQtmus. U.C. 


Uon's-tail. Leafl.ellip.obt.G-Bprs. pu. 




■Dccal^Dtos. B.r 


sucrulent. LeHd.10-12prs.obl.obt. p. 


N.Amcr. 1827. H-V- 


TragKinlhB. L. 


Ooat'g-Thorn. Lea.ellip.hoar.ped,4-fl'd. v. 


.T.S.Europ H.i. 


temlAliui. 




Siberia. 1780. H.^J. ■ 


ralplBm.«. 


Fox-tail. Leatl.oba.obt.aotcli.dowii.y. 


1815. a.^. -. 

rS«d.l,ormor<-,w-l 
bate. Leeu.<ificeUl!lralve,d/Mtl 


TR/FOtJPM 


TREFOIL. Cal.S-loolhed. Ptl.i,unitedatth 


anioK. L. 


Hnre's-foot. Lca.lin.obo.serro.at apex.ir. 


.e-Brilaiu H.a.SmdjI* 

.7. .... H.a. »«*. 


fiHffirme. i.B. 


ilender. Leaf). obOT. dcnL yel, 


fn^fcrnm. B.r. 




,.8. .... H.9. 


glomorAlam. K.a 


. ronod-beaded. Loafl. obey. -dent. rm. 




lllBrHiluum. e.b 


sea. obov.notch.dcnt.halrj-. p.rt. 




wHium. E.F1. 


zig-iag. Leafl.ellip.iQBrg.cilia. re.pu. 




miimx. H.K. 


leMcr. LM(l.ol>oT.(nitU.aeat. yel. 




(Hjhroleilcum. l. 


sulpbur-color'd. Leafl. ellip. ent. hairy. #(. 


.... H.». 


prat*n«. m.B. 


commoD-parple.Leafl. elKp. acot. eol. pai-. 


.9. ..-. H.V- 




. Hop. Leai1.otHiv.natcb.dcB.Bin.ye. 


.T. .... H.a. 


rtpoQj. E.n. 


Dutcb-clover. Lcafl.obov -dent .smth. <rh. 


.0. .... H.9. 


icibciim. E.FI. 


rougb. Leafl.obo.cor.hair.dent. irh. 


.6. .... H.a. 


Uriatum. E.F1. 


son -knotted. Leafl .obo.denl.ilovni, rot. 


6 .... H.a. 


wffocilum. E.B. 




.... H.a. 


^^^ Mbteriarenm.K 




.... H.a. 


^^^ giOTUS, BIRtyS-FOOT-TREFOIL. Cal.tubH.with 6 nearly 


eqn.teetli. Cor.^ipet: i,fr*-tfl<ri 


^^K aagiittisriDiaB. l. 


narrow-podded. ov.Ihbc. glaii. Iroiry. yd. 


.e.Urilain. .... H.fi. Imb^H 


^^B wniicul^!^ 


common. Leafl. obov. yel. 


.... H.». p^M 






^^^^^^^^^^HH 



DIADELPIIIA DECANDRIA. 

Ei|1l>b Farin ol Cal.of Munih Mtl>e T>.«I anil i 

Nime. LHtFt.ic. Flow. ufFI. Cauniiy. laiiud. PiaintsiiuD. 

■iWer-leaied. plan, leatl. silky. yet. 6. 9. Levant. lOBO, G.£, raKin^i, 

ForMerk Lcatl.lanc. glau. hur. yet. 6. Britain M.^- oritcdi, 

he*s. Font. 

g1iiucoui>-ka(od.Lea.>uh'CimUiOBr.po(li!iin.^.D. 8. Modeira. 1777. G.B. 

darV-fiow'd. Leall. olio spat.sub. silky, ifii. l.l».C.Vtr<lI>.t7t(. G.S. 

yIlu«.B.ai.in»ll-1esTcd. tan. leaa. cllip. pilote. ros. 7. e. C. B. S. isae. G.^, ~ 

pealer. Ve»S. obov. rringed. yri. Britnln H.H. 

[. plnnate-leaTed. pion. leaf), obi. siiitfa. yd. N.Atner. 1833. H.^. 

CnrVM, DORVCNWM. Col. Ma. i-tiKlk. Fitawt.awt-diap. Ltgu. lurgid, \-2-ttidtd. 

■ilTery. pinn.IeBfl.liD.lan, Stlp.liii-sc, <i. 9. Eg^pt, 1823. H.^. Sundg ieam, 

tioall-tlowered. Lcafi.lunc. Slip. ov. gtl. S.Europ. 1821. H.a. evtlingi. 

dlkjf. Ltafl. lern. oIjI. silky. 6A, l8ao. H.^, 

wriMU. Ph. 

!CaM'LIA,CARXICH^llA. Cal.i-deu.cvp-ih. Cor.rex.broad.thaahi-g. Gn-.JM.5-0-wrf. 
■otnhera. pio.orleni.oldBtDi.leaAea.fni.S. 5. N'.Zval. 16SS. G.^, 



w. 


irec. 


lem.leafl.obo.coril.eot 


y«l.3.1l. Italy. 150G. F.S- Sandy loam. 


u w. 


q.iny. 


rhomb, ubov. dent. 


!,<. 6. 9. S.Eorop. 1802. H.a. ««f<,«»rf 


L 


yelW-sickle. 


Leaf), obov. obi. dent. 


j(i I.Britain H.|}. .inltinga. 


kL. 


bteck. 


Lea (l.otb.obo.amlh.»err 


j,e.5.S. .... H.B. 


■.E.F1. 


ipoltei. 




yfJ.S.e. ^~ .... H.a. 


E.FL 


iewt. 


Lesfl.obov.dent.bBiri-. 


S^i- EngbiuJ ll-a. 


E-n. 


pnrpfc. 


Leaa. obi. wrT. silky. 


p„.O.j. .... H.9. 



A,BVTEA. Ctl.e<iB^iaii.i-linlhrd,V4xiU. lanceolate. Lega.ci)mpretMd,i-utded. 

.Matt 4np«rb. ptnn.leafl.nibriitDn.olit, ac E.Inil. 1TD8, S.S. Loan ^-pMf. 

h uMll-leaTcd. pin.l«a.obt.notcb.^lk.beB.r< IBOI. S.J^. fulUiigi. 

PSINA, CORAL-TREE. Cal.i-lipp.lubul. ¥e3:ia.Umg,laiie. Ugii.iifSwili!ei,lfmmiytteil». 

IULU Cockscomb. pinn. leafl. ot, imth. nil. S. T. Brazil. I77I. H.£.Loan,J^ Jn/ 
».■. flesb-udoured. ov.[bomb.BCUlp,iml1i. fi. 5. V.CrnK, 173S. G.£, mould. 

l.a. Cape. pln.leaR.ov.obt.acain.sm. w. C. B.S. 1816. S.Ctuttingi, in 

Ik DC. lierbaceoiu. Lea6. smth. riiomb. ic. B. 9. S.CaroIi. 1734. G.^. sand, irilh- 

W.en. honry. rhom.smth. Raccm.elon. tt. E.Ind. 1820. S,£. ant being di- 

t.aLr.c. Laurd-leafed. tern.lcail.or.obl.acani. m. Braxil U.£. retted ^ 

tt. B-R. naked-flow'ring.tcrn. leaH.ov.pubcs. »c. i. 4. Caranu, 1836. S>£. tUtir leare$. 

ftibefry. pIn.lufl.of.sDb-triJob.ncntn. W.Ind. 180J. S.^. Thi pUxM* 

teill flaaeT freely, if krpi in a dry itale, in Winter, and plunged in a tittle moUt 
heat ichrn Ihe Jlower-biult begin to ihnw ; Ihty may nfltrward* be turned 
out in the Of rn border, tchere tkty teilt make afint appearance. 

&TtCtA,DALBKRGIA. Co/.S.tiwtAfd, eampn. Slim.6-10. Legu. eampre$t,l-2-ieeded. 

,Box. broad-leaved. pinJeH.S.S-Blt.ui>lcb.sm.ab«.w. .. E.Iod. 1811. S.^.toamlr peal, 

•. Sn. climlnog. Lea.D-tlpr.ein.iibl.Hni1i.ro S.£. eutliugt. 

IhW. SiKoe. pln.lea.S-ult.obo.pub.bEn.u' 182D. S.£. 

kBOR. tinniDg. LetiD.II,ov.inucr.smlb, wh 1818. S.£. 



^H 1C8 DIADELPHIA DECAXDRIA. 


n 


^^H ajntmulc EntUib Fqiiii ot C.l.gr Haulh Nilh^ Mi.ot 




^^H Nunc. Niioe. Lctvri.Sc Flu», o(FI. Cuonltr. lMn,i 


prSia 


^^H PRfESTLE'rJ.PRJESTLri'J. CuT. 5-f>ar((d. Cor.fnwolA. ltgu.teu.toiiipr.vithi-6t.di. •] 




I!.».I«.»J 


^^H Borfcanid frioiySfia. L. 


cO^ 


^^H binfita. DC. bairy. obOT.obl.smth, Br.hair. 1703. 


O.S. -3 


^^^ Infigata. DC. imooth. obi. lin. B<:ute. yd. 7. B ITW. 


0* na 


' BORBO'NIA, BORBaNIA. Cal. 5-parted, ipiny. Cor. ritlma. Lcgu. linear, ™mpr. teedt muMoJ^ 


corditi>.DC. heart-leaved. cor. cnUsmtb. Br.hair. y«I.e. S. C. B. S. IT59. 


G.i.SWjH 




0.*. a'la 


parvifl™. uc. .mill -flowered, cord. dent. nery. ■ yil. 1821. 


G.*. ^tiwff 


nisdfolia. B.M. roicBS-leaved. eord.slighUycUiat. yri. 1816. 


o.a. ^ 


^^ LEBecKU, LEBECKIA. Cal. i-cl^l, J<.ft« ocutc. Filam. oU wUed. Ltgu. r™»d, >Hi..y-«(«M.J 


^^L cytiMldei. llnin. Cyllru-leaved. terti.leafl.liD.obl.pDbe>. ytl. C.B. S. 1TT4. 


o.»j>Mtal 


^^H rab-iiilda.DC sub-naked. nearl;sniLh.t)n.decid. ycl 1824. 


G* oXilM 


^^m PLATYLOBWM,FLAT-PKA. Cal.2-lipp.lh<!«pptrlipbiJid,obhiK. I>ff«.ro™p^.»H<»y-«»**..| 


^^H fomiMum. D.M. larpe-flowered. ov. sub-cord. ytl. C. B. X. S. W. 1790. 


G.S,P~ltlJ 


^^H parriflonini. U.M. amal I- flowered, or. smth. ent. jicl. 5. 9. 1702. 


0^. nllM 




0.*. sm 


^^1 A£PJ'£ArflCr5,15PJ'£^TH[;;S. CaJ.5-parf.bk9K«,r.eqK. Vf xiil. itolft. Lc; <t. »U. oiMril^ 


^^^ ■rgjnte*. L. allierj-. tern.oT.botbsidesiilky. yd. 7. 8. C.B.S. 1739. 


a.in^lM 


^^^ crBisifSUai.A.rep. Ibtck-leavcd. in cltuMra.cjrlind.smth, ytl. a. IBOO. 


o.». «iai| 


endfolia. t. Heath-leaved. crowdcd.filif.oht.riU. ytt.~^ 17B0. 


o.i. 


nmcronitB. i. thorny- braoeli'd. tern. lane. obt. gel. 8. 7. 1796. 


G.*. — - 




o.i. — . 


^^B BOSSI^A.BOaSIMTA. CaLa-Hfped,apper lip targtil, If bifid. Ltgii.eo«>pTe»>r 




^^V dn£Tea.B.N. ibKrii-leBved. oT.lsncpubea.ben. TiK.ye. 4. 7. N.Holl. ISOS. 




^^^ cofdifoUa. bearl-leaved. cord.acut.mncr.ipiny. yel. 0. 1824. 


G.S. a.1 




G.i. » 


IbiopbyllB. B.M. natrow-lenved. lin. tnsrgltH recurved, j/^f. 7. 0. N.Holl. 1603. 


0.$. nriA 


lenticiilari^ dc. orbicular- lea v'd .orb .smth. Br.ronn.oft.spi. ■/. S. 7. N.S. W. 18W. 


O.*. JM 




G.i. — 




e.i. — 




o.i. — , 


^^_ aeolop*ndria. B.R. Plauk-piint. Br.smth.Hn.leaHeia.deD. B'- 5. 7. 17»2. 


G.t. — 


^^fe PLAGIOLOBU!U,PLAGJOLOBUlH. Cal. bUab.upp.Hpretu.und.i-part. Leg, 


.n.M.Ml 




O.i.lM.1 


^^B illciiaium. S.F.*. Holly-leaved. ov. ellip. .Lmia. splry. W. ISai. 


G.ft. oM 




^K; CfU. B.B. Cell's. lanc.sub-rboiiib.Bpetobt.6I. 3. 4. N.Holl. 1824. 


o.».»«*< 


loneifoUa. b.r. long-leaied. lin. ilung. opp. bl. B. 9. N.&.W. 1605. 


o.». -l|i 


lineiri*. B.n. linear-leaved, llu. mncron. hairy. 6/. S. 7. 17M. 


G.». radian 


latiffilia. L.H.c. broad-leaved, elllp. obi. notch, smth. bl. 1817. 


G.*. i.* 




o.i. 


^^^^ parpijrca. Swt. purple-ftower'd. lin. obi. downy, ben. p»r. 1820. 




^^^M pauadra. B.M. nutj-leaved. lin.obl.obt.cDl.unth.abo. fix. ISM. 


0.*. ■ 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 160 



BBglith 


Form of 


CoUr Month Native Yr^f 


SoUaad 


Name. 


L«nres»Ac. 


Flow. ofFl. Conntry. Introd. 


PropagatloB 



CROTALARIA^CROTAVARIA. Co/. 6-20. Cor. wing-card. FtkM.«iitfotf. L€gn.turg.it^$tmUc. 

jtoeea. A«rep. mahy-stalked. laoc. seM. smth. yel, 8. 7. Malabar. 1700. S.fl. SamdjfUamy 

induuL B.R. hoary-leaved, tern, ovate, vill. yel. 6. 7. W.Ind. 1714. S.7L peai^tmd 

Umrnifolia. L. Labamnm-rd. Leafl. or. acat. smth. yeU 7. 9. E.lnd, 17ftO. S.lB.Unf mould. 

•talk. B.M. oval-leaved. ov. sob-sess. hairy. yel, N.Amer.1827. H.fl. ueds,or 

fvpdrea. b.r. parple. obo.retiue^ab-eniarg. pur, 8. 5. C. B. S. 1700. O.^. cuiiingM. 

fuUbhrnauL b.m • pretty. obov. lane. tUky ben. yel. 5. 9. £.Ind. 1814. S.y. 

B.M. retoBe-leaved. obi. caneif. retnse* yel. Mexico. 17S1. S.SI. 

I. B.R. narrow*leaved. lin. acat. silky. yel, 1818. S.fl. — — 

vMUoa. B.R. yolk of egg. teni.pab.leafl.ov.Un. ye.vu Brazils. 1819. S,jb. 

TEMPLETONIA,TEMPLETONIA. Ctd.S'tooth. Keel obi. SUtM.umt. Legu.eompr.mtmy'$ieded. 

B.M. glaacoos-leaved.obov. coneate, glaa. w. 8. 6. N.HoU. 1808. O.Jb^^Mm^rpMl. 

B.R. retose. wedge-sh. ent. smth. er. — - O.Jb* cuttings. 



GALA'CTIAfGALA'CTIA. Brae, 2. C4d,i'dent. Cor. qf 5 pets. Stig.obt, Legu.round. Seed round. 
f hit kL, B.R. pendalons. tem.1eafl.ov.8mth.mncr. pk, Jamaica. 1794. S.|^.c/. — -— 

GO'ODIA^GO'ODJA. Cal. 2-lipped, the upper ha{f bifid, acute, Legu,compr. stalked. 



B.M. smooth. tern. Iea6. obov. smth. yW. 4. 7. V.Die.Is. 1798. O.J^.LMm^rpM^* 
pMseeos. b.m. downy. obov. cnneate, pubes. re,ye. 1805. Q,^,seeds/treutt. 

W>DJG'ESIA, LODDIG'ESJA. Cal.S-toothed. VexU. shorter than the keel. Ger, oblong^compr. 

>*lifiilini B.M. Oxalls-leaved. tern. obov. mncr. yel. 5. 0. C. B. S. 1802. O*^. Sandy loam 

and peat, cuttings, 

9CCrTTIA^SC(yTTIA, Cal.imbr.S'tooth. Pet.5. StaM.lO,smth. Sty.flUf. Legu.compr, Seedsl-A. 

B.R. narrow-leaved, lin. obi. dent. br. 6. 8. N.HoU. 1825. 0,^.Sandy loam 
B.R. dented-leaved. opp. cord. dent. smth. re.gr. 6. 9. 1803. O.J^. if peat, cutt* 

CUrORIA, CLITORIA, Cal.S-parted. Vexill, large, spreading. Legu. linear, compressed. 

L. sbrabby. Lea6. 8 pairs, ellip. pu. 8. Trinidad. 1804. S.^b* Loam if peat. 

B.R. Plumier's. tem.leafl.ov.obl.aciim.ir.pii. 9.11. W.Ind. 1815. S.J^.c/. teeds,orcti(- 

f. wing-leaved. Leafl.2-8prs.ov.Stip.awl-sh.7. 8. £.Ind. 17S0. S.i^.c^ etii^f,irai/er 

R. Virginian. ov. obL smth. snb-rog. pur. America. 1732. 6.^ •£'•<> handglass, 

wUl strike freAy. 

UTCISA, GL TCINA . Col. ^-Upped, S-cl^. Cor. texiU. oblong-obcordaU, apex bifid. 
C«qitiNiiimi.B.R. Ly.Northampton's. tern. Iea6. ov. cord. pur. N.Holl. 1803. Q.^xl, 



I. B.R. St Vincent's, obov. mncr. smth. yel. W.Ind. 1823. S.y. 

1m8TBRlA,WISTE'RIA. Cal2'lipp.upp,2,low.Z'part. Legu. lin. eompr. many-seeded, \-celled. 

I. DC. shmbby. pinn. leafl. ov. ellip. bl. N.Amer. 1724.H.|^.c2. Loam tf leqf 



&i^tm€frvtiseens, l. mould. 

■^latmU. DC. Chinese. pinn.leafl.ov.acnm.pab.p.6<. China. 1818.H.|^.c/. cuttings, or 

Qiffcima mnSnms. b.r. layers. 

UNNETDYA, KENNPDYA, Cal.2'lipped, upper 2'tooth. under Z-dented, Legu, linear, compr. 

heart-leaved, cord. ov. ent. smth. pur. N.Holl. 1824. Q.^,el, Sandy loam 

scariet. tern. obov. Stip.lanc. *?. 5. 8. 1803. G.S».c/. and peat, 

B.WU dikted. tern. ov. obt. silky. jc. 4. 5. 1830.G.ft.c«. cuttings. 

Z 



»*H* 



r 


DIADELPHIA DRCANDIIIA. 


1 irttcniilic 


Eimllill nirtiiof CoU-l Muiilb Naike Yr.of ftuillKt 


X»H. 




i.,opby1l». n.u. 


closelieaileJ. tBro.canea miicr.Mjk. k.4.5.N.HoU. 18a5.G.*.ei. 


nion(i|ihy'll«. b.m 




gP *'*'»■ "■"■ 


ovaUIcaved. Leafl.oy.acut. Stip.lanc. p<i. IBaO.G.S.el. 


^^m^OLICUOS,D'OLICHOS. C«t. campan. S-UntUid. Vexia.i.bloHg. Lega. linear, eomprenfd. 1 


^»,».^u..nr. 


onpilar. plnli. leafl. alobeJ. yet. 0. 8. N.Am«r. 1820.H.a.d. L«mlf hf 


hiMiltUJl. DC. 


liairj. Leafl.ov.aeiit. hairy. pur. 6. Cbina. 1802.G.*.rf. bwhW. 


lignosua. lie. 


woolly, Leafl.oT.B(;ul.sroth. ru, T. 8. E.Ind. ITTG. 0.|^.c(. ««<•, «r 


Lfiblab. L. 


common. teafl. ov. ent. pur. S.Aj:1. ciatae*. 


PSOPIiOCA'RFUS,PSOPUOCA-RPUS. Cat. bilab.uatq. Cor. vexiL round. refi. Ueu.obl.7-S-tal | 


teirngonolobus.D 


.iqBBre-poddcd.pinn.lciitl. tern. 6J.0.11. Maurit. 1616. S.Z. Sarntf Im» 1 




^^Ki'ProS,^'PJ05. Col. S-tDDlhfd. Slam.diadtIpKu. legit.qf2eeat,naHg.ieed,^d. | 


^^bbertsa. B.M. 




LUFINUS.LUPINE. Col. hiUibiaU. Cer. papUionatta. Legu. tanilou, compreited. J 


arboreiis. r.m. 


tree. Lead. Ian. liB.aciiL pub. ye/, 7. 9. S.A.mer. 1793. H.^. Iaam^ll4 




«.Mr.Cnick8haDk'8.LeBfl.7-9,<.bl.obl. pu.j/e. Pera. 18a». H.ff- --M. 


iRxinoniB. B.B. 


IcHwe-flow'ring. Lfall.lin. lane. 7-9. W. 8.10. Columb. 1837. H.^. teedi,ir 

cbaBgeable-u>l. LeBi1.7-»,Dbl.lai>.pub.ben. v. Begola. 183$. B.lf. parliat ^ 






yellow. Leafl.obov.oIil.bairy.Ry<.6.8.Xout.8aBB.1794. H.p. plarnb^- 


oniiltai. H.K. 


■ky-blue. di^t.lcaft.lii>.laB.>Uky. R 3.11. Columb. 1827. H.]}. Uur^ 




pretty. Bll.lGafl.obl.lBnc.mBcr.pub. Mexico. 1826. F.^. 


pertnnU. b.u. 




polyphy'llu8.B.R 


many-leaved, lane. ent. vill. ben. pu.bl. Columb. 1837. H.f. 




feather)-. pinn,leaa.5-7-iancjLlk. il.6.11. H.». -— 


SabifLBUS. B.M. 


Mr.Sabine'9. Lcafl.9-12,lBOc..ilky. yd N.A™er. .... H.p. . 






PHASEOLUS 


PHASEOLUS. CflJ. campon. biUb. u^riipi-dtnttd, under S-toothed. Legt. I-M 


caracSIIs. B.R. 


twirted-flow'd. tern .lenfl.'o v. rhomb, pa.ye India. 1090. S.p.cl. Samtg (^ 


farinoius. L. 


many-flowered. Leafl. ov. acutn. jc. S.Anier. lOSS.K.e.d. mmbU 


RiBltilldniB. w. 


teniivr^clUB. H.ll 


dark-red. lew. leafl. ov. ent. re. 1732. S.a.d. «»(»* 


trllobua. Both. 


Uiree-lobcd. pln.side I'aa-lo.ler.a.lo. pu. E-Ind. 1777.8.3. •TMrii 

common. Leafl. ov. acum. «cA. 6. 9. 1597.H.a.eL ■ 


^- TBlgiria. L. 


^^R£/P.1RIJ, £IP4RM. Cal.S-i»Tied. Cor. smth. rcxmum,Bbhng. Legu.oaile,ct<mprc>ttd. K 


H.pb<-.K..B.». 


mnnd-headed. IflDcncrv.smtb. pt. 7. 8. C. B. S. 1794. G.*.P«f*l»« 


^■«Bricca.L. 


rilky. ov. vill. downy. ytl. G.». <«llii|« 


^KtonentM.. Tbun 


downy. lane. ent. downy. yet. 1812. G,S. ■ 


I^ «•"■-■ "•"• 


concnvc-leaved.ov, cone. pub. ben. ytl 1800. G.*. -* 




lcclUd,aadtitlt.mH 


C£0FFR-01'J 


, BASTARD CABBAGE-TllEE. Cnl.liparl. Cor.papilioaacta. Ltgu-dnfcM, 


inpirba. 


superb. pinn.leafl.l3-17,ob1.obt.j.-i."....S.Ao.er. 1830. S.^.J^Mm^M) 


»p1i]d»>. Jac. 


spiny. p1n.lea.l3-I5.obl.obt.wn. K. 8. 0. — — - 1823. S.*. cvOmM 


violaccn. Pers. 


violcl-coloureil. piun.ov.obl. notcb. ci. 7. 0, Guiana. 1827. S.^ ? 


^^^^^ 





DIADELPHIA DECANDllIA. 



jnrLLA, CORONi'LLi. Cd.S.part. VexilLhardlj/loHgtrlluin the ting: Ltgu. joinled. 

m. B.M. Scorpion-sennB. LenS.S'Tpr.obo. Ped.i-R.y. i.e. Fmnce. 1506. H.^. Loam I; 

. B.M. glaiicaii». Leiitl.5-T,olMi.obt.glaii.uni]>. 9. S. 1T22. F.4. mould. 

I. B.C. Iberian. plnn.lcuB.wpdge-sli.dl. s/e. Iberia. 1818. H.)J. cattingi. 

I. DC. nuh-likc. Leafl.S-rprs.Uii.obl.obt.y'f. 6. S. France. ItijG. F.£. 

tna. B.M. nine-leared. Leafl.I-B pn.abo.gtBii. gel. 2. 8. S.Europ. I5!>G. F.£. 

B.M. Tsriou*. LeaO.O-Upn.obl.Diucr. pu.li.ll. Europe. 15U7. H.p. 

TTEA.BLADDER.SENNA. Cai.S-laath. Cariaaobt. Stg.btarded. Slig.capit. Lega.iiifial, 
weiu. B.M. coiDiDon. clUp. retiiae. gel. 6. 8. S.Enrop. 1568. H.S. Sandy haiKi 

a.u.B. orienlal. LeaB.obov. cmarg.glau. re. l.evaiit. ITIO. H.S- «u(*"'Hf». 

^. DC. Pocock'a. Leall.cmp.obt.inacr. gel. 5.10. 1752. H.*. 

aOfDUSfAMPBODVS. Cal.bila.app.lip2.dn,linc,i-Ui. Cor.rexU.refi. Ltg.comp.tnang-sttd. 

u B.H. OTBte.leaved. tera.lcafl.OT.obt.halry.d.pu. 3. 1. Trinidad, 1821. S.J.cf. ^ 

lERL-ANDIA.SUTHeaLANDIA. Cat. S-tB-lh. Car. kett, ohl. wingt >hm. Legu.inft'Utd. 

MM. B.M. ihnibby. {dnD.leafl.cUip.tilkybeD. ac. 6. 9. C. B. S. 1083. F.^'- J^'Vi' ^""^ J 

aiid(<n/"nloH/.f. eBMiiiss,orK(d*. ] 

tSSONlA, SWAINS ONIA. Cal.a-toirth. Canmobl. Sti/.btiirded. Lcgu. inflated, turgid. 

■Stia. B.M. CoroniUa-lv'd. (if9-llpair»,o».obL im. T. 8. N.S.W. I80a. G.i. 

liBi.B.H. red-flowered. 9 pairs, ov. emar^. ac. 1800. O.J. — 

IG'JNA,CARAG'ANA. Cal, tubal. S-toatk, Sty.amth. Lega. leitilt, coiupr. Stedinamnvua. 

■ceni. DC conunoD. pin.lra.0-Hpra.ov.ob1.Till.y<. i. 6. Siberia. 1753. II. £. SxHi'jf /oaM. . j 

«u. DC. shrubby. pin.leaQ.Sprs.obo.mucr. ye'. —— H-S. gri/iiMfi', B 

Bin. DC. large-flowered. biJugiaobl.ctineat.pub. yel. Iberio. 1822. H.^. building o 

tij^la. DC. amall.leaved. Leatl.G-Tpn.rctiiac.wh. yel. Siberia. 1B16. H.^.tbe arbont- ^ 

k DC. (horny. Leafl.a-lpra.lin.cnn.nnt.yc. ITTS. H-i- eenl,Bria 

'mA,ROBlNfA. Cal.S-looth.2upp.iliitrteil. Sty.bearded. LcgM.a»»pr.iuar,tet*.,mKi/-$ttd. 

.B.M. Rose-acacia. pinn. leall. ubov. ra>. 5. 9. Caroiina. 1743. H.^t- Sandy loant. 

IM. vprighl. ro». — — — — H.J. aeal;hlgtrt, ■ 

cAda. I., common. pinn. leafl. ot. uh. S, 0. H.Amer. IU4I). H.C budding, or 

'rmJM. tiBOttth. (c&. H.CT. gt^fting. 

B.M. dauuny. ov. Br. clHmmy, irA.rc. 0. 8. 1797. H.BC. ^ 

JA, BA'LLIA, Cal.t.cl^l,itgia.TiearlycquaL Legu. CDinpr. ((/"a ealcn, and 1 ned . 

. IK. heart-leaved. cord .ov .hairy. Stlp.ov. pit. 6. 0. C. B.S. IT8T. 0.^. Sand'j lo-im 

itft. B.ai. imbricated. cord.BCUt.convol.imbr. pw, 1812. G.^.^ptat. cutt, 

BtA, SMI'THIA. C(d.2.parled. Fifam. dinidcd iH2egHaIparceI«. Legu.jaintfd, plaited. 

k.H.K. annual. pinn. Bacem.few-fl'd. yd.T.lO. E.Ind. 178S, S.a. 

ALBA, PSOIVALEA. CaLS-fartidthetcnglhofthepad. ttgu,\-Kidcd,valvelts». 

.B.M. leafless. tern. leaS.lin. lane. A/.S.IO. C. B. S. 1790. G.^. Savdy Imni 

I. B.M. prickly. lem.leBfl.wedg.-Bh.rwur.&f. e. 9. 

all. ov. lane. H. llaly. 

22 



ta.k 



bituminous. 



DIADELPHIA DECANDRIA. 



bracteatB. b.m. 


bractealed. 


ter.lM,«edg.-!ih.Bhin.dott.N.5. 9 


C.B.8. 17J1. 


gbncliilMa. nc, 


glandular. 


tern .lead. Dv.lanc.acum. W. 


- Peru. ITTO 


Onobrychis. B.a 




tern .lead .ov.lBD.sub-pnb.iiii. 


- N.Amer. 1B18 


Iriuniu. B.H. 


wing-leated. 


pinn.ieall.lin. M. S. T 


C. B.S. 1690 


pnhfaKen.. B.8. 




tern.leafl.iiv.obl.ent. bl. G 


. Lima. 188S 


qndiU. B.a. 


.piVed. 


tern.leafl.obo.obl.dott. bl.a. 1. 6 


C. B.S. IT74 



tenoifBIU. t>C. slender-leaved. Lead. lin. lane, n 

OXYTROFIS, OXVTROPIS. Cat. 5-(»(A. Car, 
I bmb^rtii. B.H. Lambert's. pino.leafl.ellip.lanc.Bi 



C.S. 



I. bl. 6. t 



MUunri. 1811. 



S.9.LiMmlffl 

I BESffANIAjSESBTANlA. Cal. tampan. Staothtd. VexUlHm,round,«otchat. Ltgu. tlmgated. 

likened. pmn.leafl.oliUin.obt. yet. S. 8. E.Ind. lesa. ^.H-Leamtipti 

plcta. B.n. spotted. pinn.lcad.l1 n.obt.nincr. t|c(. 1. 0. W.Ind. S.^. mrinfi. 

palndosa. dc. manll. Lead.obl.-lio.IO-aOprs. yt. E.lnd. ISIO. 8.9. 

pnb6sceiiB. oc. pobescenL LeaS. obl.-lhi. aopain. ye, IBSO. S.B, 

GAVEG A, GOATS-RUE. Cai.i-tooth. VexitLobim.obl. Lcgv.wilkQbliqiie*lrtalc;nm*d. 

bildba. two-lobed. pin.les.obl.pnb.apex 3-lo. 61. S. e isai. H.Jf. Rick k 

offidnalii. L. officinal. LeaB.lanc.inucr.smtb. pu. 6. S. Spain. 1S68. K.)!. urit, 

l.ilba. while. wk. H.fl. dirida 

leerttlM. ilw. W. H.^. r«U 

pandifldra. B.R. large-flowered, pint). leafl. obi. mucr. pu. C. B.S. ITTl. H.$. 

p£r^ca. B.p.G. Persian. pinn.ieaB.OY.obl.mDcr. kK. FeriiBi 1816. H.ff. .— 

GLYCYRRHTZA, LIQUORICE. Cal. nak. bUab. S-toolh. rtxill. dto. Ionc, Legu.eompr. 
glabra, c smooth. Lead .ov. rctose, gland ui. pu. T. 9. S.Europ. 1563. H.^. Rick 

giandnlifera. glandulooB. Leafl .obi. lane. g1 and. pnb.pu. 

hirailta. l. balry. 

TRIGON'ELLA. FENUGREEK. 



FLEJUrNGlA.FLEInrNGIA. Cal.acul.S-clrft. FcxiU.ftriat. Lega.t<u.op.turgid,2-tiat. 

congou. Boi. crowded. Leafl.laD.aid.l's 2-nerv. re. T. 9. E. Iiiil. IBD3. S.^.Laa»lffi 

dwarf. Leafl.oboi. roots. winged, re. ISO*. S.*. 

■trobiUfen. D.R. BeechleaTed. ov. obi. cord. vUl. gr.irh. 1T8T. S.^. 

notchtd. Legu. 

BoUnyBay. pinn.lead.ellip.obtjnith. ™. 3. 6. N.S.W. 1790. G.^. L 

Ksi-lel-flowVd. Leafl.3,ov.nmcr.liRlry. >c. C. B.S. 1TT4. G.*. 

■tropiirpiirea. nc. dark purple. iii.<pr». leafl.cllip.obt, jm. T. 8. Nepaiil. 1820. S.i. i 

cytiioides. B.iH. Cylisus-like, plnn, leafl. obi. niucr. p«. — C. B. S. 1771. G.^. 

, denndata. B.C. smooth .leaved. Lead. 3,obcord. obov. jiii. S. 7. ITOO. G.^. 




DIADELPHIA DECANDBIA. 170 

Nuuc Leaitt.&c. Flow, afl-l. Ctiunlry. Intrad. Pn>pv«ailciii. 

cD>]«x|thyll>.B.H.eUvea-leaveil. plun.leafl.obl.Binth.inuc. re. T. 9. Guinea. 1823. S.9. 

hoary. Leafl.ter.orb.obo.dimn.r.p. fi. T. C. B. S. IBU. G.*. 

Bpinjr. ln)'s^«a.obo.stip.needle-9h. 4. B. Arabia, 1B32. S.S- 



DC. AmericSD. lan.acu.denLupp.iagit. pu. T. 8. America U.S.Sanrfjflflnrn. 

ntilimiimi E.I. tea. alLseas.pin.glBU.; ihn.ang.p. England H.^. aftd, or 

parting the rwl. 
Di'lEA, DA'LEA. Cat. 5-parltd. Slam. 10, miittd. Legv. ovate, l-Kedtd,thartirihanlhtc<^x. 

lllM. DC. gdden, LeaO. m4 pn. obo,hair. yel. Louisiau. 1811. H.Tfi. Sandy loam. 

CESifftiltia. w. VeraCrui. inOpalrs.lm.retase. H. V.Crui. ITST. H.a. letdt.or 

dividing the root. 
WPIftA'STER, BASTARD-LUPINE. Cat. campan. 5-loath. Stig.kaoktd. Leg%.riiund,niani,.ited. 
penipby'niD.s.M. 6ve-leBTed, quinate.ieu. red. 7. 8. Siberia. 1T41. H.f. Lightrich 

iBom. teedt, orparliag motf. 
IMffRPB J, BASTARD-INDIGO. C^.Sdnt. Car.cexUlobo.taiK. Legii.compr.l-£i;U.lf2->eed. 

friliCMi. L. shrubby, pinn. leafl. ell. obi. 61. Caroltna.lTai. H.|t. 

Mffui. B.r.Q. fragrant. plu.leafl.ellip.obi.mucr.pub. - — - N.Amer. 1S12. H-l). 



CLASS XVIII. 

POLYADELPHIA. Filaments united in several parcels. 

ORDER I. 

DECANDRIA. Stamens 10, united into separate sets. 



(Uo. w. tiuoolU- leaved, av. obi. ent. smth. er, S.Ainer. IT39. 8.$. Sandy peat 

pdantndt. w. woolly -leaTed; Hcimi.repaiid,dent,down.6r. Oulana. 180S. !>.£. anil loam. 

cuttings, 
ABRVXA, ABROMA. Cal.a-paTt. Pet.5. Stam.lo-tleft. Capi.S.ctaed,l[S-iBiiiged. 
■^IB. L. mnplc-l caved, cord. lob. serr. imth. pu. 8. £. IdiI. ITTO. S.^. Sandy loam 

fenist. U.K. prickly-atalked.cor.lob.ierr.pub.beii. pH. 5. 8. N.S.W, 1800. S.$. andpeut. 



ORDER II, 

POLYANDRIA. Stamens numerous. 

MELALEVCAfOIELALEUCA. Cal.S-parl. I'tt.S. Sly.thm. Stig^a^l. Capi.Z-ctlt.many.ittd. 
palc-floviered. alt. lin. nwl-shap. wk. fi. 8. N.S.W. 1780, G.i- Sandy Imtm 
alydna. h.x. pennanent-cal. opp. ov. lane. uh. N. HoU. IBOS. G.£. and peat. 



i 



r 


POLTADELPHIA POLYANDRIA. 


^^* 8r«<ni»lc 


eii(li.b Fomjut Col.of MMlh Swir. Tr.of Soil ad 






d^ua. B.K. 


denM-leaved. tern. opp. obo». smth. pa. 6. 8. N.Holl. IWH. G.S. e»ltiv«, , 


decuButa. H.K. 


decMsate. opp, decua. &v. lane. /i. 6. 0. IBOS. C.S.»»<fcriiyiI««d 


tmm». Ek-B 




friDgiMJ. opp. ellip. smtb. irA.pfc. N. HoU. ISIT. G.^. rradrlgr 1 


f&lgeiu. B.B. 


iplcndid. opp. lane. liu. acuL k. B. 8. 1803. G .^. idrikt nttM 




j^oWftra. H.B. 


Glolw-fmilcd. alt. obi. S-nerr. iiA. T. 9. I80S. G.*. 1 


hypfriciftliB.H.B 


. Hypericam-rd. opp. decnsi. ellip. w. N.S.W. 1792. G.*. 1 


iDciaa. B.B. 


hoary. ter.i. lane, lin. tch.y. 1812. G.*. 1 




linaiifolia. Ex.B 


toad-llBX-lv'd. opp. lane. Ud. tcfc. 6. 7. N.S.W. 1793. G.*. 1 


«qa&n.e». Bc. 


toAy. ov. Ibdc. acnt. S-nerv. ;>n. 6. 8. V.D.UI. ISOS. G.£. 1 


thytntfolia. B.M. 


TTlj-nie-leaved. opp. lane, nerveless. p«. fl. 9. N.S.W. 179S. G.*. J 


BEAVF&RTIA, BEAVFORTIA. Cat.5-iMrt.lobaatM. Pei.S. Capt. l-cellid. Stig. fiti/am. | 


deciiuata. b.m. 


decu-Hle. opp. decus. o». *;. S. 8. N, Holl. 1803. G.*. I 


.pftr». 


scattered. ov. inany-ner». scatt. k. G.*. I 




ClBTita. B.C. 


dub-flowered. Ud. vUl. Sat. «c. I.IS. 1836. O.^.Prat 4- li^H 


gr4dlb.DC. 


slender. elongated, smtli. «. 1801. G.£^. oi*(u«*.fl 




four-cleft. obi. smth. lln. k. 0.*. -M 


»ill6»a. a.R. 


haiiy. lin. *ill. cyl. «. O.*. ■■ 


loDgitoliii. 


iong-lea»ed. aboveBft.loag.amtU G.*. -M 




rSi«.rt<.ri. Stii.5.U,b. Btr.b-ctOid. 5«rfi|B 


jrJNrH0CHrjlft;s,XJNTH0CHrjH(7S. CaI.S-;ir(;d,i»in.:. Pel. S, oroi. rowid. £(ai>i.ll-ig 


dfildB. B.K. 


■weet-fmlted. opp.obl.acum.Biatli.ent y.M. E. lod. ISSO. S.^.LoQm^oM 


ovilifoliaa. Rox. 


otal-lea-red. ov. oht. smlb. yii. 1796. S.*. mnU. M 


picUSriui. 


p^iiler-s. obi. .mill. yri. 1824. S-S. caHiaff* ■ 


CAVDOLLEA 


CANDO'LLEA. Cof.S-part. Pit.S. Slam, in 3 bamffu. Capt.3-et!ltd,a-MeJtd. M 


CDOeiU. B.U. 


wedge-shaped. obo.cunea.Bub-deD.smth. ye. B. 8. N. Holl. I8i3. G.S. 'fl 




tetragoOB. 




SmPLOCO.S,SmPLOCOS. CaI.S.cl-/l. Pei.5-8. Stam.wlcd. Cap..5-«ifed. | 


sinica. B.a. 


Chinese. ellip.laDC. downy ^serr. urk 0. 7. China. 1829. 6.$. ■ 


tinctdria. 


Dyer's. glau. shin. ell. oU. yd. Carolina. 1780. 0.*. ■ 1 


CrTRUS, ORANGB-TREE. Cot. S-ct^/t. Pft.S, o6I. Pibm. tprtai. Btr.9-lS-telUi. Pittft^. | 


aorSntium. dc. 


Sweet Orange. ov.laoc.aCDni. smth. H-ft. 5. 7. Asia. lOBS. G.£. Ricft MtT 


buufulia. DC. 


Boi-leaved. ov. reLflo, raccmed. wh. China. 1789. G-S- Iinu>,m{(m(J 


decum&na. dc. 


shaddock. obt.emarg.Frl. large. »*. ■ lTg4. G.^. wUkfttta 


Lim6nmai. dc 


Lemon, obl.acnt.toolh.Frt.glob. vA. Asia. IfilS. G.^. dHiig ^Imf 


Limitlo. DC. 


Lime. ov. aerr. round. irJi. G.». iMa/d. TU 


Medics. DC 


Citron. obl.aeut. FrLobl. «■*. 180S. G.Sf.polf tod twit 


n6bili.. B.Rep. 


mandarin. ov. ellip. smih. cnt. uA. China. G.^. «k«aU t* 


trifoUitu). P.8. 


three-leaved, tern. ov. ellip. Kh. 1800. G.^.tceUdrmd 


^^_ 


and Ike pbinU ihould 1.0I hnvi loo niucA wMtr irAea in a donrwul tUtt. TU 


k 


arefieiiy inmaKd by budding or ingrafting on the commnitoeli 





^P POLYADELPHIA POLYANDKIA. 


176 ^H 


HIP EuilUli 


Fuimnf Co!.u( Ho»<b N.it.e Vrn 


Soil uiil ^^^1 




Usy«,iE. Flnx. ofFI. Co««.t». iDIro. 




WM, A'SCYRUM. Cat.i-ttmtd. Pet.t. Stam.ua»s- Stg.l-%. Capii.\-ctlltd,lri-milttd. ^^^ 




ov. cord, criip. yti. T. 9. NAmer. 1833. 


G.£. fioxdy looM ^H 


ldreie.Pb.SLAiidre»'sC 


roM.or. lin. obt. j/ei. J.- — ^- 1625. 


G.». cndptal. ^H 


Ides. Ph. Hypericum-rd 


. obi. Iln. obt. 2-gUnd». ytl. T. 9. 1759. 


G.£. cutlingt. ^^H 


. Ph. dwarf. 


OT. obt. dnstered. yei. 0. 8. IB06. 


GD. ^B 


;. laige-flowereJ. 


. ov. clUp. obt. glaa. s''- 1- O- — 


o.*. ■ 


l,LOASA. Cal.S-parl. 


P«1.5. 510111. many, Stj/.i-Jid. al aptx. Capi. \-celled , If S-tatrtd. ^^^ 


in. DC. greal-flowered 


. opp. upp. alL S-1ab. yil. 7.10. Caracal. 1835. 


H.a.PMt ^[«<n. ^H 


B.M. hupid. 




F.a. ual.. ^H 


B.B. boBty. 


ov.Bi:ul.»err. Iiisp. mh. Pent. 


r.3. H 


*ir.i»g. 


opp. cord. S.7-lob. ytl. Chill. 1822. 


B.a. — ^m 


i.R. Place's. 


ov. snitb. yd. 1824. 


H.3. ^B 


■ '><=■ twiping. 


alt. opp. lob. lin, obt. yri. 


H.a. — H 


mcusa.sT.JOHN's 


WORT. Cal 5-part. Prt.S. Siam.many. Sly. 5. 


CpJ-nuM^. ^^H 


m. DC. angolar. 


ov. ampl. Bcut. ytl. 6. 7. N.Amer. 1812. 


H.V. Thl.Um.- ^H 


E'inam.B.B.Tatsai>. 


ampl. aciit. lana.ov. ytl, Briudn 


H.p. T.ut .pttia ^^M 


.. DC. Sl.Peter's-worUiinpl. lane, aciit. yef. 6. 9. Siberia. 1774. 


H.i. iilhUite- ^^H 


B. DC. ihewy. 


obi. ellip. acul. j/tt. 7. 8. Carolina. 1812. 


H.«....~.,l. ^^ 


B. w. BKjTon-Uke. 


obLlanc. acuL yeC.e.7.S.AmEi. 


H.S.i«rM«rf6y ■ 


™- ^ Egyptian. 


>eu. decuM. ellip. enl. ytl. Egypt- HBT. 


G.i.catti»e.,a»d 


d. Ed-B. be>rdea. 


obi. lane, ampler, dott. yit. 0,10. Scotland. .... 


H.)a. lA.p<trl»ir 


un. I. baleatie. 




G.S.o/(fcfpfan(« 


ID. heart-lcavcd. 


ov.cord.amplei.dott. yer. .... Nepal. 1825. 


G.^.df lA^rwU 


n. B.B. large- colyxed. 


ov. corioc. dott. ahlDing. ytl. 0.10. Ireland 


H.i.o/llwKlhat 


. tXL Cbineie. 


dUp.obl.PeduD.3-brBCt'd.y. 8. 9. China. 1753. 


O.^jtre 1^ pern- ^^J 


gmum.t. 




^^H 


M. Coru-leaTed. 


tiD. venicill. edges revol. ytl. 5. 0. Levant. 1540. 


G.9. ^H 


L. curled-leared. 


ien.lanc.bAscuiidul.unua.y. T. 8. Greece. 1088. 


F.«. ^H 


E.Ft. doubtful. 


ellip. ov. obt. ytl. Brilain 


H.D. ^H 


1. tooHied. 


atDp1.sub-obt.obl.shin.dot. y. fl.lO. Mcdlterr.1829. 


H.IB. '^H 


].K. tall. 


ov.obl.aciit.edge>»ib'rev.y. 7. 8. N.Amer. 1TG3. 


H.i. ^H 


manh. 


EU brat, ov.sest. upp. notch, yr. Britain 


H.j. — ^m 


Mam. w. Enip«irnm I'd. 


tem.lin.edge»reTol. yd. 5. 9. Levant. 1040. 


F.». '^H 


. L. Heath-like. 


round, acDie, dott. glau. gll. 6. 7. Spaiu. 1821. 


F.*. .^H 


li>ra.B.K.inaD}-flo»ered.lanc.ic».dott.naTner. t/eC. 8. Madeira. ITOU. 


G.». ^H 


H.E. .biniig. 




G.S. ^H 


ham. great-lea-red. 


ov. obi. cor^. mnplei. ytt. 7. 8. Teneriffe.1818. 


G.». ^H 


glaDCom. 


cord, amplei. obt.gUu. ytl. N.Amer. 1812. 


F.». ^H 


■nm. gluKlolar. 


e1Up.lanc.BCat.edge(g!ai>. y, S. 8. Madeira. 1777. 


o.i. ^H 


m. E.FI. inuling. 


obi. obt. dotL ytt. 7. 6. BKtain 


H.e. ^H 


. B.FL hairy. 


or.obl.nerv.aUo.don. ji/. 6. 7. — — .... 


H.B. ^H 


MB. Kalm's. 


lin. lane.; Urn 4-«ided. ytl. N.Amer. 1759. 


H.i. — ^m 


an. myrtle-leaved. 




H.o. ^H 


n. tpolted. 


amplei. ov. obi. yih 1789. 


H.e. ^H 


m. E.P1. mouDiain. 


ov.ol.l.iimplev.»bin.iiolt. ytl. — Britain 


H.». ^H 


m. Mi. naked.flowered.ov. obi. ubt. dolt. gtl. 9.10. N.Amer. 1811. 


F.i. ^H 


un. ».«. Olympian. 


ellip.ov.siib-obt.9bin dott. y. 7. 9. Levant. 170B. 


H.s. ^H 


m. Lam. dotted. 


ov.lunc.Bub-«cul.i<mple». yc. 6. 7. N.Amer. 1823. 


^H 


;. L. lair. 


nmplex.cord.ubt.>liiii.dot(.y. T. Britain 


H.». ^H 



POLTADELPHU POLTATIDRtA. 

ITBS. H.9. 

H^ 

.... H4f. 

■.p«ba.f<l.T.8.NJU->r.ieiS. H.S. 

r.akLcAMiR*^ f<f. Umat. ItBB. H.£. 

r. IL S.E«nip. IMS. F.p. 
N.AMf.lMQ. H.V. 




CLASS XIX. 

SYNGENESIA. Anthers united into a tube; Floaxrs cotnpouad. 

ORDER I. 

^QUALIS. Florets of the disk and ray, all hermaphrodite. 

I TtUGOFOGON, GOATS-BEARD. CaL*im.rfier^nl€^ 
Uii.chaiiD.stem ooet rcToLyt. 
■> I.B. ;«Ilaw. alL cut. unth. >cum. yd. 

IL CB. poiple. nndiTid. ttnigfat, acani. pur, 

FICmS.flCRlS. Cal.dbl.llitnii.tqm. Car.raMpsawf, atir./4mi^lii«tlL R^.dM. I 
I. 7. 8. BbtUi^. ISOt. H.a. i 



tad. Rtttp.nak. Pa 


pp.J«tUr,.M 


S. 6. Hungary.lSie 

BritoiD. ... 

Engl««i.... 


H.». Litit 
U.B. Mrf 
H.B. 



Aq>leiunm-rd. obl.laDC.>!DDat.t>iniutif. y<l. T 
. Hawk-weol. amplex. laoc. deni. ytl. - 

BELMrNTBU, OX-TONGUE. Intol.dbt. titer. S-lt^.tim 
CCUoidea. w. brktly. tauc. wavy, Dpp«r unplex. y. I 

Pterlt ukiaUa. m.n, 

80NCHUS,S0W-TaiSTLE. CaLinbr. Cor.imbr. Flor.m 



alf.l» 



I. t.8. blue-flowered, lyr. ugilt. deol. imth. bl. I 

1. E.FI. Cora. olil.luDc.dent.coTd.slbsie.y. ' 

•eanlnitui. Pli. taper-ixMnted. rancio. opp. ov. scam. bl. I 

■quarrinM. DC. ibmbby. laDcraocia.; da.abnibby.y. 

Olericcni. E.Fl. commoD. uiiplex. abl. lane. dent. bl. 1 

ptUi»trij. E,F1. Dianh. pinuatif. ugitt. at bate, yi t. 

LACTVCA, LETTUCE. CaJ.inbr. ScaUtaambr.atlhemar. 

murilia. d.d. wall. ninciu. oniplex, dent. yc'. 

pTotinthii muTAtit. t.B. 

BcarioU. k,b. prkkly. pinnatlf. unplei. detil. yeJ. 7. 

•Rllgna. s.a. letut. Ud. pinnatif. dent. yet. - 



.tfbUmr*. Reeep.tnak. Papf. 
;.T. Britain H.a. SMfl 

ucT.icithiarStedh. Diicnaaf.t 

I.!). Britain H.^. £.vU> 

. 9. .... H.». tt* 

i. Q. N.Amer. 1812. H.B. 

— Madeira. IT77. O.*. 



H.a. 



8YN6BNESIA ^QUALIS. 177 

Bagltoh Form of CoLof Month NatWe Yr.or Soil and 

Name. Leaves, &c Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Proincatlon. 

[Recep* naked, 
PRENA'NTHESy WALL-LETTUCE. CoLdbl. Cw.compo.qfa/ewlH^»^or$'iooih.fliar, Papp.9es$. 

tmdktm. liearl4eaTed. cord, dented, cUiat ptutf, 7. 8. N.Amer. 1816. H.^. Ligki §aU, 

pvpiiea. w. purple. oblJaiic.cord.dent.glau. par. 7. 9. GermaDy.1658. H.9. aade, 

LEO^NTODON, DANDELION. CaLdblimb. Car.qfman,Ugu.alfrupt,S'tootk.flor. Papp.italkaim. 

falirtii. marab. dnoat. dent. smth. fcL 6. 7. Britain H.9. Sondif mil. 

Meeds. 

APA'RGJAfHAWKBIT. Cid.imbr.dl4. C9r.qfnumyligu.5'tooth.flor. Papp. usejeaik. Reeep.nak. 

%Imu Alpine. lane. obi. smth. ye/. 5. 6. Austria. 1816. H.9. Sandif loam. 

aBtamii41is.Br.Fl. autumnal. lane. dent, nearly smth. yel, S.Britain H.9. uede. 

Miplda. B.B. hispid. runcin. hksp. obi. yel, 7. 0. .... H.9. 

IMzacL B.B. Dandelion-l'd. lane, runcin, smth. dent. yel. 8. .... H.9. 

CR'EPJS, HAWKS-BEARD. Cal.dU. Cor. qf many per/. ligMl.5'iootk,JUfr. Papp.Meu. Reeep. rough. 

Uimis. B.B. biennial. runcin .pinnatif.lobes dent y. 6. 8. .... H.D. Sandy sot/. 

fiBlida. c.B. stinking. runcin. pinnatif. hairy, et. 6. 7. .... H.D. seeds. 

■MroffhfrBi B.M. large-rooted, obi. dent, coriac. yel, Madeira. 1829. F.9. — — 

pilchra. g.B. small-flowered. oboT.dent.npp.8ess.amp1. ye. 6. 9. Scotland H.2U 

smooth. runcin,smth.upp.amplez. y. Britain H.fl. 



\or ussUe. Reeep. chaffy* 
BYPOCETJERIS^ CATS-EAR. CaLimhr. Cor.imb,qfmany ligu.6'tooth.flor. Papp, feathery^ stalk. 

ffkhnu m.B. smooth. ligulate, tooth, upp. alt. ye/. 7. 8. H.fl. iSaitdy soil. 

B.B. spotted. obov. obi. nndivid. dent. ye/. 6. 7. .... seeds. 

•B. long-rooted. runcin. obt rough. yel. 6. 9. .... H.^p. 



[Recep, naked. 
LiPffANAy NIPPLE-WORT, Col. dhl. the inn. wiihchanneU. seal. Cor. qf several broad. 5-iooth,flor. 



B.Fl. common. ov. angul. dent. ye/. 6. 7. .... H.2U Light loam. 

Br.Fl. dwarf. obov. oU. tooth. ye/. .... H.fl. seeds. 

[5-stde(/. Papp. sessile. 

CSCVORIVMf SUCCOR Y. Col. double. Cor. of about 20 ligul. abrupt, h-tooth. florets. Seed someichat 

IteylwB. E.B. wild. runcin. tooth, rough. U. 6. 8. .... H.9. Sandy loam. 

ueds. 

_ [Down bristly. Recep. chaffy. 

ncnVMy BURDOCK. Cat. glob, scales spinous, hooked. Cor. qfmany tubul. florets, their limb i-part. 



X.B* wooUy-headed. cord. stalk, ent. pur. 7. 8. .... H.D. Light loam. 

seeds. 
MtWVLAy 8TKVIA. Invol. eylindrieal. Recep, naked. Papp, paleaceous, Flor. 0/ 5 pets, 

bfslMa. B«M. entire-leaTed. sess. obi. lane, serrul. ros.wh. 7. 9. Mexico. 1798. F.9. Sandy loam 

%aqpilolia. B«if • Hyssop-leaved. oU. obov. ent. wh. 8. 9. .... F.Jjf. and peat. 

W.eQ. Ivy-leaved. lane, stalk, sen*. 8-nerv. tr^. 7. 9. 1816. F.Jjf. dividing 

B.R. purple. lane. obt. serr. pur. 8. 9. 1812. H.9. roots. 

w. 'Willow-leaved. lanc.attenoat.atboth ends. IT. 7. 9. 1803. F.J^. 

saw-leaved. lin. serr. seatt. «7*. 1799. F.lfi. 



WJTRJS,LrATRIS. Cal.ohUmg,imbrie. Papp. plumose, Recep. naked, dott. Seeds striat. hairy. 

B.B. degant. lin. ialcate, dott. roug. par. 9.10. N.Amer. 1787, H.9. Loam 4- lei{f 

B.B. liairy4eaved. lin, pilose, gland. pur. 10, 178S. H.9* mould. 

2 A 



SYNGEVliSIA ^QUALIS. 



EnxIDb 



•carUiM. B.n. laree-flowcred. lan.atten.smth.edgc.scBb./iii.D.IO. N.Aiiier.lT39, H.p. u 

iphBBroides.B.Fl.G.g1oliillar-ciipp.fiat,lanc.upp.lin.lHnc.piir.8.I0. 1817, H.Jfi. paHiiJi 

ipleata. O.FI.O. lonR-spikcd. lin. lesa. smth. dolt pur. 1718. H.g. tmI& 

squarrosa. w. HjnaiTMe. Un, rough, pubea. ben. pur, 9,10, H.fl. 

AGER'ATUM,AGER'ATUM. Inrol. double Reccp.naked. Papp. with aomeiFhal i-aicard paltm,, 



csleatfauni. d.», blue, 
conyniides. vr. hairy. 
UtltSliam. w. broad-Ieaied. 



I. ucnt. serr. pubes. bl. 7. 9. S. Amer. IHOO. G.£. Light I 
r.aub-cord-i>lRi. pilose, bl. 7, S. America. 1714. H.a. and ft 
r. bue nedg^-ihapcd. ti>h, Pera. IBOO. H.9. ttt 



ERYTHROIM'NA, ERYTBROLMNA. Inrol corneal. Sealt*l<nc. Recep.conv.pilo. Pq^.M 
conspicaa. b.b. compicDoae. Blt-iesa. pinnatif. spiny. yeL Mexico. 1825. H.B. LigUt 

a*d Unf mould, eotb 

SCffLYMUS, GOLDEN THISTLE. CaL imbruattd, ipiits. Rtcqi.palcaceoui. Payp. naktil. 
klipintcna. perennial. ictibr. decnrr. hidry. yel. 7. 0. S.Europ. 16S8, tl.p. Smdf i 
macnlatiu. Fl.Or. ipotted. scabr. dent. ytl. 7. S. 1613. H.a. mi^^ 



CATANA-NCUE,CATANA-NCHE. Col. iatbrusttd, tady. Rectp.palea, 
Cicrulea. FI.Gr. btne. lin.bipiQnatir. at base. Till. bl. 7.10, 



tno-cnloaral. 



bnc. dent. 3-nerv. 



irh.bl. 

ytl. a. 7. Candia. 



*». PBpp.(fc^.Wl« 

isoa. U.9. Light i 
1830. H.p. aa<fp 
1610. H.a. iti 



CVS'ARAjARTIcaOKE. Intol.imbri. SeaUtfie»ky,tpiHs,emarg. Papp. itaiU, feathery. 

decurr. pinaatif. while. U. 8. Q. 16SB. H.p.Gon 

pinnaUr.do-wnyben.spin.pii. Madeira. 177S. G.y.nuitrajtl 

piDDalif.dovnj-ben.spiny.M. 7. 8. Spaio. 1013. H.p. 



Cardfiiiculiu.B.M. Cardoon. 
h6rrida. Fl.Or. hoary, 
kilmilis. w. dwarf. 



I STOBJKA,STOB'MA. Cal.imbiic. Scaltt dnUd,Mpi»y. Recep.hitpid. Papp. pateacroiu. 

' [dnnBta. B.N. Carthamua-liLe.piDDatif.hairyscgm.lin. grl.1.12. C.B. S. 1S12. G.^. ^m^I 



L CA-ItTBAMUS,CA'RTHAilUS. Cat. tf maty leava,imbricttrd. Recep. chaffy. Fipp.th^gf, 
{ tbteldrins. b.r. Dyer's. or. dent, spiny. or. 6. 7. E^pt. 1351. H.a. 



\ ON0BfC0MA,ON0BR0MA. InvoLrtnleicoaltric 
enrif. dnna-t. deot 



yet. 1. S. SpaiD. 1731. ¥.%,& 



Cirthamiit arbordneut. t^ 

nriUea. bint. «t. lane spiny, dent. bl. 6. T. IGU. B.^- 

Ctrlkamiu crriltuf. t- 
saBcifolium. L.en. n illow-leaved. Iin.semt. s)Nn)-, bairy. t. S. Mwieire.lT6t. G.ft. 
anktmia tatki/Uiiu. vr. 

VERKOyjA, VERS'QSIA. Cat. imhritaitd. Pan>. dniUr, Hlrr palmMMi. RtM^Mb 

aiillifldra. en. u.illary-fbnr'd. ov. acot. pilme, andul. par. Bruils. ItOS. F.^. i>>icMll| 

li«.Pb. umm-lraTed. lin. tnb-eDt. par. 9.11. N-tnter. 1617. H.p. 

K-lea>edi liii.lanc.attenti.inib.deDl.pl. BranL 

lane- acut. ten. palies. pa. 171*. H.#. — 

nlkf. lin. lane nlky ben. par. 9. I. 1SI& S^. 



^ 



SYNGENESIA iEQUALIS. 



:nS, PLVME-THISTLK. Cal. tu 



D.riDu.spin.vill.lKii. T. 8. S.Europ. 1823. H.^. Snndylnvn, 



:.m. Barbary. hs.Ibd c.^piny, hairy ben.pa. 6. T. Barbuiy. I 

It. Rr.FI. creeping. pinnaIir.alt.Dearl.ainth.spin. 7. Brilaln. 

. Br.PI. dwarf. pinDat.iintb.eegni pal.apiny, T. 9. 

>rm. E.n, woolly-headed, teii.piiin.spiii.iiii.dow.ben. 

rt. E.P1. Mr. Farster's. pinnatif .ipiny, down. ben. cr. 6.8. 

ibyllm.E.Fl.meliiDcboly. lBac.dent.lBCliiiaLTill.beD. G.IO. 

itw.Br.Fl. ipear-lcaved. pinnatif.ipiDy.oitto.ben. <r. 6. 9. 

U. Br.Fl. (mootb. pinnBIif.tuoth.nnigh,!<pin.rr. T. S. 

09. Br.FL mtadow. sess.lan.calto.ben.prickl. jm. 6. 7. — 



H.i. Krdf, «r 

.. H.p. partixgat 

.. H.l). root. 

,. H.B. 

- H.». 

.. H.fl. _ 

.. H.B. 

.. H.B. 

.. H.p. 



*0'RDUHt,COTTON-TaiSTLE. Cal.sietlling,lkeacah>apriad.ajidtiunimi. Grr.u 

dam. t.B. cOTniiKin, obi -Ov.slnaB I. woolly, blue re. T. S. H.C Light loam. 

an, w. Illyrian. ^iiuaL downy ,toutb. spin, pit. S.Europ. IMS. H.B. aecda. 

UMON.TRaXmON. Cai.«bt.imbri. Rccep. naked. Papp.miiU, hairy. 

II.B.V. gtancmu. lin. lane. glau. yti. N.Aiuer.l811. H.^. Light rich 

WA,CU1tLINS-TBISTLE. Cal.lnm.cot. C<ir.fltr.eiiH.limb5-part. Keap.ckaff. Pai^./ealH. 
'fw. itemlen. pinDat.nak.seg.deitt.9pill. if. 6. Italy. lUO. H.fS. Rich loam. 



(ingle -flowered, pinnatif. scaly. 

common. Ian c.sinuat. wavy ,epiDy. 



u-ik. G. 



. Hur 



'NS, BVR-MARIGOLD. Cal. of literal coac. 
. E.FI. nodding. lane. serr. tmth. 

L B.M. Mr. Lambert'*, bi-lripart. aegm. lii 
lb.E.FI. tfarec-parled. IripBrLleafl.lanc. 

TffRiVM, HEMP-AGRIiaONy. Cal.iinb. Scal.u 



gr.yel. I. 9. H.a. San-lg Itram 

yel. 9. 7. S.Amer. 181S. H.^. itedl. 
riT. yel. 7, 9. Britain H.a. — 



I. Cor.nfa/etr/uHM.-th.fl. Reccp.iuk. 

bun. e.B. common. opp.3-S-partit.gerr.d(TWDy.p.T.lD. .... H.Jp. Sandy loam. 

Mm. w. pntple. ijDatcniis.OT.IaDC.Herr. pur. 8. 9. N.Amer. 1040. H.Q. diciding 

MnL vr. perl'oliate. ' connate, perfol. obi. ipA.fi.lO. Iggd. H^. rnnt. 

mm. w, three-lcHTed. tera.ov.atteuuated^rr. wh. 1708, H.JJ, . . 

'a(lfCOMJ,GOLDYLOCKS. Cal.imbr. Seal. painted. Cor.oftevt.lnel-top'dfior."r>lKnitu. 
;W. two-flowered, lane. S-nerv. dotl. bl. 8. 9. Siberia. 1741. U.p. Light bmm. 



I 



PM. t~ ehrnbby. 
ih. B.FI. Flax-leaved. 
W. villous. 



lin. smth. acut, dccurr, yrL C. B, 8. 1748. O-J. din 

liii. smth. cnt. ^(f.9.10. Rritaln H.||, roat 

lane. vill. <|<l. S. 9, HDngHry.1799, H.fl. 



8,COTrOfi-WEED. Cal.imbr. Car.^fnianyUpel-tiippedfior, 

u Bt.FU sea. seas, obi .flui,cren. col tony. ye. Britain. 



H.tr. 



F0G0N,OLD WANS BEARD. Cul.,ifmauylcae». Hecep.thaffy. Prrico/rayS-awned. 
B.N. smooth. lin. enl. smth. pft, 7, 8, Iinlj, it04. H.a Sandynil. 

a A 2 "''■''■ 



^M^m 


9YNGENESIA ;RQUALIS. 


n 


^^^ iytttaaW: 


Enilltb Fomiof Cul.of Mi.nlb Nitiit Yi.ol 


M 


SCORZOKERAtVIPER-S-GIlASS. Ca!. imbricattd. Rictp.naktd. Papp-fialhcry. ^ 


1 MguiafoUa. w. 


narrow-leaTcd. anlth. eol. yel.pur. 6. 8. S.Earop. ITS9. 


H.D.LIgUrU 


^^ «)u>ifatu.7- 


W«id-le«»ed. liB.laBc.acnm.nBlh. yd. 6. 9. Gernwn. 1816. 


H.t. b... «^ 




«u. J 


^^K Unillii.w. 


woolly. o». obi. Till. St. 5, 6. S.Eorop. 1732. 


H.9.Sa.dyUM 


^^H nlfricBiu. w. 


dark -Howe red, pinaalif. l^rate. yel. 6. 8. Barbary. 1804. 


H.3.p.rt.nM 


^^B EVOSERIS, 


SWINE'S SUCCORY. Rec<p.naktd. Fapp.ibl.o«t.cirpntary,inn 


faU.it..,, a>n4 


^H IQcidn. w. 
^H ndUta.tr. 


0t9n^ lupntu riinrnn nnlh /l*nt url A 7 ft Rnvvkn XAatl 


H.J). LI,uA 


Biarry. lyniWfruDuip.Bmin.ucin-jrn. o. i. o.r^uTop' iD*ii. 


^^B JMMO-BIt/M, JMMO'B/UM. lii^clmbric.whUf. Flor.tuiul.S-ckft. HaytO. 


IStig. MMA 
Stani.5. 5I;.alk 

H.J. '- 


^^1 aliltaa]. B.N. 


wiaged-«lalked. UDc.eloBg.imdul.eDLbair. y. 6. 9. N. 8,W. 1822. 


^^H [Recrp.ntarlfttMl 
^^B aiER'ACWBI, HAWK-WEED. Col.m.unir. Car.</Buii9liaM]-,Ii7iil.G-lM(A.>rf». DnaMJ 


^f dplmnn. E.B. 


Alpine. ebl. n«rly ent baity, jei. 7. 8. Britain 


H.». s««l,al 


1 larBDUacum. b 


E.Orange. cllip.acut.enUbaiiy. yei. 0. 7. Scotland. .... 


H.». f^aiA 


Audcnia. e.b. 


Orange-moose, lane, acut.bairy. yel. 7. 8. England 


H.».r««,«.lfl 


c<^riiiihuia«s, E 


B. Honey- worl-ld. cllip. obov. dent, hairy, yet. 8. Scotland 


H.ii. — :\ 


^^ denUclatLim.F 


B.imall-toolhed. elllp. lane. dent. imlb. yd. 7. 8. .... 


HB. , 


^^^ ailb'mm. 


branching. elUp.lanc.bairy, glau. yel. Britain 


H.II. -^ 


^H HMI^ri. B.P. 


Hallerian. obi. bncdent.opp. cord. ,.J. ... 


H.(. -~ 


^^V Lawsoni. b.b. 


glaucous. ov. lane. dent, ipotted. yd. G. 7. .... 


H.». — 


^^^ nuCQlBtDni. E.B. «potted. ov. lanc.deDt.Bpotled. yeJ. T. 8. England 


H.». 


' in61le. E.B. 


■oft lane .den t.b«iry,anipleK, yd. Scotland. .. . . 


H.B. , 


muronim. e.b. 


broad-leaved, of. deot. at base, bairy. yel. 7. Britain 


H.». 


Pilosflla. E.B. 


common. ov. ent. Iiairy. M. S. 7. 


H.». — 


prenantlinldcs, 




H.». ; 


pulmouarium. 


.B. Lung-wort-lv'd.lanc. wnuat, dent. yd. 7. 8, — .... 


H.». 




>hrubl>ybro>i<l-l.a«.Unc.dent.half aniplex. y. Britain 


B.». 


1 aylvSticura. l. 


. wood, ov. lane, dvwny ben. yel. 6. .... 


H.». -~ 


^.,»n.beUatB™.E 


n. narrow-leaved, aeu. Un. dent. yd, B, 0. 


H.». — - 


^H 8ERRA-TVLA,SAW-W0RT. CaLcyt. Cor.fBmp<,.fl<,r.fiai..Mh.li«^i-cb!f. Papp.uu. 1 1. ^ 


^ alplBa-.B. 


Alpine. lanc.tooth. cotton j ben.pfc.W. 7. 8. Britain 


B.V. IMM^ 


' puklrfUa. B.M. 


porple-scnled. pinnatir.decurr.rougli. pur. 6. 7. Siberia. 1823 


H.^. wmU-iM 


q«ipqMffilI..B 


E, five-leaved. pinn. Berr.;Pid. l-flM. pu. Persia. 16«4 


(trn. Rnrp.UM 


^^L CJ'RD[7r.S, 


THISTLE. Cfli. i«tr..Kdio«-. ScaU„pUy.Cor.v/mans/u,i>ul-ih,p.fi,rtU.Bm 


^H >lalL». 


n. wtiicu. irt:iurr,MiiuuL.pLniniui.apin- DriuiLn. .... ». - .-— 

wing -f talked, cord.dent.bair.upp.lancpu. e. 8 IBta 


H.V mA 


1 craMilSliiu, 


thick-leated, obl.Bpin.tooth.glaii.smth. ptu 7 ISOJ 


H». 


maritnoi. l. 


milk-UiiBlle. aniplex. UDdul. spiny, par Britain 


H.B. 


nCLtam. e.b. 


nitwk. Uncsinuat-epioj. pur. T. B. ... 


H.a. — ■ 


^^^^ pannAnlciM. i. 


Hungarian. ent. ciliat. p. H.ingnry.1810 


H.». ■ 


^^^^nfanplcx. D.M. 


one-flonered. piiinatif. lobesdiftant. pur CaHca.iii.iei7 


H.|l. » 


^^^H fn-rdlH/* n'x 


ple^. 








. 






^^^^^^^H 



8YN6ENE9IA iEQUALIS. 181 

BngllBh FMin of Col.of Month Nttive Yr^f Soil tad 

VaoK. Manie. Lesvei»&c. Flow. ofFl. Coontry. Introd. Pioptgidoa. 

tinetdrios. d^. OMnmon. pinnatif. aerr. jmit. 7.10. Britain H.9. 

SerrHulm tmeidritu b.b. 

tanifldnit. s.b« dender-flow'd. decuiT.diioat.cottoii.beii. lu 6. 7. .... H.flU 



[Reeep. honey ^comb. fringed. 
1f(yCCAfN(yCCA. Bmoca-S. Jnvoh^llei^^iMha. Fhr.tufful.S'Cl^fhermaph, Anth. tooth. ai bate. 

IHtilBfia* B.V.6. broad-leared. opp.obl.acum.ampl.8eiT.trlk. Mexico. 1826. F.Jb. 



[Papp, chaffy. 
IMPHKREPHJSpAMPHKREPHIS. Intol.qfnumylemea^imbr. Flor.tulml.S'Cl^. IUcep.nJced. 



la. LbCn. intermediate, ov. obi. serr. pubes. hU 5. 6. Brazil. 1822. F.fl. 
"NIAfMIKA'NIA. Becep. naked. Papp.plmnoH. CoLA-S-lemed^i^A'Q'ftowered. 



ItertftBl. w. Houston's. ov. ent.; siem climb. wh. 7. 8. Jamaica. 178S. S,§b,LoamS^peat. 

cuttings. 

SPOA'NTHESy SPILA'NTHES. Col. nearly equ.imbrL Reeep. chaffy. Papp.awned. Seedcompr. 
llba.w. wfaite-flower'd. altov.repand.;«^.branc.i0. 5. 6. Peru. 

PLATVPTERISy PLATY'PTERIS. Invoh (if many leeveSy imbr. equarr. Recep. convex^ chaffy. 

OieitB. X.8* saffron-colored, opp. ent. bairy, decurr. yel. 1. 6. Mexico. 1812. S.9. Light toil. 

SpUkmihen eracdte. b.m. cuttinge. 

CACALJApCACALIA. Cai. cyliMdrieai. Recep. naked. Papp. pilose. Anth.auml. Sty.2'lob. 

esufifittla. X.8. beart-leaved. oy. cord. serr. yel. 8. 1825. F.9. Sandy loam. 

hastate. stalk. 9-lob. hast serr. trA. 8.10. Siberia. 1780. H.9. parting 

oval-leaved. ov.repand.cren.pnbes. yel. 9. 6. £.Indie8.1804. S.Jb* roofs. 

. w. creeping-rooted.se8S. obi. lane serr. sf. 8.10. France. 1772. H.9. 

■avMens. w* sweet-scented, stalk, bast, sagitt. serr. wh. N.Amer.l752. H.Jjf, 

sagittate. sagittdent.lowerobov.or.pK. Java. 182S. S.fl. .■ 



WUMEAf H*UMEAm Invol.iBUfrie. Reeep. glandular. Flor. about I, tubular. Anth.aumed. Papp.O. 

AfgBBS. H.X. elegant ampl. elUp. obi. acut red. 6.10. N. S.W. 1800. 6.%. Sandy loam, 

seeds. 

TARCHONA'NTHUS, AFRICAN FLEA-BANE. Cal. somewhat 7 -toothed. Recep. viUous. 

itOB. w. shrubby. obi. ent. downy ben. yel. C. B, S. 1600. O.J^. Loam 4r Icqf 

w* dented. obi. dent hairy ben. yel. 1816. O.J^. fiioaXd. cutt. 

^jfiniTZJAfPE^NTZIA. Invol. imbricated. Recep. naked. Papp, a torn rim. 



w. fiuD-leaved. ddtoid, apex. serr. yeU 5. 6. 1774. Q.^,Loami^peat. 

cuttings, 

^^dtSANA'SLA, ATHANA'SIA. Col. imbricated. Recep. chaffy. Papp. short and chaffy. 



\ ^pftltB. w. headed. ov.vill.Headsneariyse8s.ye2. 1. 8. C. B, S. Q.§b.Loam t^peat. 

w. pectinated. plnn. leafl. lin. smth. yel. 5. 6. O.J^. cuttings. 

twiggy. pinnatif.entupp.S-5-dent.y. 7. 6. 1815. 6.J&. 



BAL8AMtITA,C0STMARY. Cal imbricated^ mmd. Reeep. naked. Papp. none. 

igentUSlia. w. Ageratum-lv'd. obov. serr. sess* yfl.^. 6.10. Candia. 1605. Q.S^,Peat i^ loam. 
g'aDdlll6n. laige-flowered. obov. serr. upp. lane. yel. — Algiers. 1821. F.D. cuttings. 





W3 


SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUPERFLCA 

ORDER 11. 






POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA. Fiorets of the disk hermaphrodite, 






those of the ray with pistils only. 






S . .k 


EncHih Form or Cal.or Krauh NiUn Yuf 


Mimt 




K=me. 


Naiui;. L«>»,«c. Flo*, olfl. Coiinlrj. Intmd 


Pminpua. 






{5-eU/t,lhoie9ftht 


rau mihiilatt.nlin. 




ARTEUFSIA, 






«B*Bte..W. 


Ii1vei7. biplonalir. sLIky wh. yel. 6. T. niadelm. ITTT. 


G.*.S™<Iy(««. 




C(EnileKens.£. F 


. bluishMupvort. lanc.eLt.ho»ry,.ipp obi. ytl. 6,10. England 


H.*. «rfi,»r 




g*Uica.E.FI. 


aprigtlt-floiv-cl. bipiDn.upp.pinn.Un.hoar. br. 6. 6. Bnlain 


H-V- nrtivi. 




tl^i,^. w. 


glaucous. plnn.glaii.piibe..leBfl.lin.g'r. 6. 8. Siberis. 1800. 


H.». 


_ 


gl«ii]b.w. 




«■»■ _ 


■ 


L liMritima. E.FL 




H.». —J 


1 


1 TANACETVM.TANSY. Cai.tumuph. Ftor.efthtiitkS-cltfl.lhotenfthtnjii 


<itfl. R..fp..ll« 


F 


' mrtttOtam.if. 


»ilvcry. pion. leafl. lane, silky, i/fl. 5. 9. Levant. 1818. 


a.ti.itwM 




fa>cii»im.w. 


hoary. piun, leafl. Jigil. huary. yel. - — — I8»7. 


H.9. dirU.Ttm 






rnic/.jAop. Fapp.frathrrv. Rfwy. trf^ 




GNAPHA-LIUU, CUDWEED. CaLimbr. Scaliicolmirid: FU>r.qftl,tiiuk^il<ft,ih«to/tkt.t^ 




■renarinm. b.¥. 


sand. lane. obt. dawoy. ytl. 6. B, S.Eurap. 1738. 


H.%.1^d,Ui 




■picuiaum. B.f) 


New Holland, .ub-spatli. downy, ape! (rath. V.D.I.I. 1801. 


U.*. W^rft.iT 






thick iMvcd. lane, leathery, downy, yet. C. B. 8, 1816. 


G *. d,V,dn,f rf 




cong&t«m. B.R. 


crowded. lin. lane. 3-nenr.vUl. cor. 1J91. 


G-S. rd. J 




ericoldes. b.m. 


Heatb-lenTed. mm. Ui>. recur. pk. i. 6. 1774. 


G.S. 




BiHicnm. b.b. 


narrow-leaved, lin. acum. Till. «. fl. 8. England 


H.a. ■ 






.German. lane, downy, waiy. j/ri. Britain 


H.a. — - 




gnndifldnun. w 


larfe-flovrend. amplex.av.obl.vill.abOT. rh. C. B. S. I7S1. 








vellow. wh. lin, obi. woolly, alt. uel. 7. 8. Brilaio 


H.a. — 5 




mn^arilacenm.n. pearly. lin. Ianc.aciit.cDttony. irA. — - 


M.». ; 




mMmam. b.f. 


least, lane. Bcut cottony. tt. Britain 


H.a. 




snpiDDm. E.FI. 




H.». 






wood. Un. lane, downy. jrf. 8. g. Britain 


H.». -• 




EUCHRYSUM.ELICHRYSUM. Intol. imbric. Retcp.n-iktd. Papp.Mthtry. 


" 






lihery. obi. ulky, recurv. uh. 6. 9. C. B. S. IBOO. 


G.». M^- 




raiciculatum. a.h 






(3 ribrum. 


red. red. .... 


G.i. »lMWh 
U.V.M,ri,r.W 






grrat-yellow. ellip.ampiex.enl.downy. yel. 2.10. tT74. 






»bining.aow'd. aroplcx. obi. revol. yel. T. 0. 1802. 


0.«.,lu.l.Mi 




inc^niim. s.h. 


hoarj-leavcd. long, lin. acul. downy, ytl, V.D.W. 1B2B. 


U.S. 










prKlllerum. b.h. 


prdific. ov.™th.corvcx.imbr.p«r.8.ll. 1789. 


o.i. 






■npcrb. nceroae,lia.downyaboT.;iH.4.e. 1739. 


e.». — -, 




Hm^or. 


STtaltT. 








F..liewy. »eM.obo».l»D.3-iierr.woolly. 7.9. 16BI 






■■■"■'■ 


.lli^*?. lin. subul. imbH. ptf. It. 9. 1818. 


M 


L 






_J 


■ 









SYNGENESIA POLYOAMIA 8UPERFLUA. 188 

Sirttematlc Engllftli Form of CoLof Month Native Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Name. LaiTea,&c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation* 

XERA'NTHEMUM, XERA'NTHEMUM. Col. imbrietiied. Reeep. chaff if , Papp. 6. 

ftoDoimi. w. annual. lan.lin.ent.8caIe8ofinvo.8car.7. 8. S.Europ. 1570. H.fl. Sandy loam. 

l»&lba. white-flowered. wh. H.fl. oeedo. 

% T6ua. red-flowered, ro». H.fl. * » ■ ' 

BA'CCHARISf BA'CCBARIS, Col. ov. imbric. cylind. Recep. naked. Papp. pilose. 

ingQStifdlia. narrow-leaved, lin. ent. nnth. u>h. 7. 0. N.Amer. 1812. G.|^. Sandif Unan. 
hilniftUa. w. Groundsel-tree. obov. notch, cren. trA.10.11. 1683. H,^.cutt.or layer. 

GRIND"ELIA,GRIND"ELIA. Invol. imhrie, Recep. naked. Papp. brietly, deciduous. 

«|iistifdlia. narrow-leaved. 8pathul.upp.lin.obl.senr. yel. 6. 9 Mexico. 1822. F.^.Sandy toil 4* 

(MiDOHL B.R. glutinous. ov. obl. scrr. yel. 1.12, 1803. F.i^. let^fmouUL 

DMm. glutindsa. R.Br. euUings. 

iiwlo|dca»B.R> Inula-Uke* obi. lane. serr. at apex. yel. 6.9, 181S. F.J^. ■ 

If S J Ay NKJA. Invol. imbr. Recep. dotted. Papp. double. Flor. qf the disk tubular, 5'toothed. 

griciGs. B.F.G. slender-leaved, lin. fring. with long hairs, ye. 1828. F. S^, Loam ^ peat. 

cuttings. 

A'RNICAy A'RNICA. Col. leaves equal. Flor. qf ray with 5-sterilefllam. Recep. naked. Papp, simple, 

I 

OffWcmii. w. Alpine. obi. dent, hairy. yel. 7. 8. Austria. 1816. H.y.Loom^rjMtf. 
■OBfinii. B.K. mountain. ov. ent. upp. opp. lane. yeU Europe. 1731. H.9. dimd, root. 

BJPLLIUM, BELLI UM. Cal. leaves equal. Recep. naked. Papp, owned. Peric, conical, 

■MCnin.w. dwarf. spath.entnearly smth. ir.pfc. 6.10. Levant. 1772. H.^.Loamifpeai. 

divid. root. 

[tubular^ 6-toothedm 
DIPVOCOMAy DIPVOCOMA. Invol. qf many leaveSyimbriea. Recep. lioney-combed. Flor. qf the disk 



B.F.6. villous. ov. obl. or dent, hairy, yel. Meiico. 1827. F.9. Sandy loawL 

seedSy or parting root, 

TAGETTESy TAGETES. Incol. tubul. toothed. Flor. of the disk tubukas S-el^. Recep. naked. 

B.F.G. gay-flowering, opp.amplex.obl.lancserr.ye. 1827. F.^. Light loam, 

w. shining. lancserr ; st^m angul. yel. 7.11. — : 1708. F.9. dtcid. roo^ 

w. small-flowered, pinn. leafl. lin. ent. yel. 8.10. 1822. H.fl. 



BELTOPSISy HELVOPSIS. Invol. imbrie. Recep. conical, paleaceous. Pericar.A-sid. Papp.O. 

nmheeoB. b.r. canescent. ov. cord. vill. cren. yel. S.Amer. 1820. H.y. Sandy totm. 

dtvtd. root. 

mSBRAyLEYSERA. Cal. scaly. Recep. a little paleaceous. Papp. paleaceouSy qf the disk feaih, 

tquarrose. filif. hairy. or. 7. 9. C. B. S. 1815. O.^. 



[disk 5'toothed. 
WaOPHTLLUMyERIOPHTLLUM. Invol. qflleqfycampan, ^-toothed. Flor. qf iJie ray S, qf the 



m. woolly. decnrr.pinnatupp.S-part. y. N.Amer. 1827. H.9 . Loam 4* peat. 

msfUdnan. b.r. dividing rootSyOrseed, 

iTNNIAy ZtNNIA. Cal. ov. imbrie. Recep. chaffy. Papp. owned. Flor, qfthe ray 5, entire. 

kfbndm, b.k. large^flowered. cord. aess. 5-nerv. cr, Mexico. 1818. H.S. Lighiloam 

B.M. . many-flowered, opp. ov. hmc. red.yeL 6.10. N.Amer. 1770. H.21.4' leqf mould. 





8YNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUPEUFLCA 


^ 


^^H BrMCDMlo 


Entliih Formof Col.nr Homli Ngtlve Vrj> 


Mim 






Pl»HOI>»- 


^^^Bfndfldn. w. 


rew-flowered. opp, cord. lano. ytl. T. 9. Pern. 1753. 


H.fl. ltd,. 


^^^VtoautAdra. b.k. 


ilender-ilow'd. opp. cord. lane. red. Mexico. 1709. 


H.a. 




whori-leaTed. tea. o». Innc. ic. — 1789. 


H.a. ■ 


^^V violBcea. 


purple. of.acot.ieM.apei serr. pur. 7. 10. 1706. 


H.a. 


^^H ^ nccinta. 


tcarUt. «. isao. 


H.a. ■ 


^^ BALarSIA, BALBTSIA. Cal.qfSkorc Cor.roy.S-^i. Recep.ch«ffs. Papp.« 


ii./nthrn,. 


elongata. w. 


elongaled. opp. ov. nearly equal. nl. J. 6. 1B04. 


H.a. 


BOLTONIA, 


BOLTON lA. Rtcep.hemisph. Cat. imbricated. Papp. denied, awntd. ^ 


uteTDtdei. B.H 


SHr-woit-B'd. Ibdc. ent. smtb. u:h. 8.10. N.Amer. 1758. 


n.9.LisuyM 


glumolla. B.H. 


glaucont-leaved.sen'. glau. Uiic. pur. 0. 


av. di€id.t*m 


ANTENN-ARIA,ANTBNN'ARIA. iHrol.imbri.colwed. Arilh. tp^rred nt IxiM. 


1 


diinca. L.T. 




H.*.««dftld 


GMphilium diauum. b.b. 






T.PIantain-leav'd.obOT. uerv. Khuliot. 6. 7. Virginia. ITSO. 


H.V. fMt. ^ 




_ 1 


^H JSTFLftf.4, JSrELMA. /«ri.(.™5ri<:.H.iJJ. Kor j.iu Mobt. Papp./«l*«rs,«M. Rn«ii.>>M. 1 


^ «.™.„™..„. 


giant. sets. av. crowd, erect, rtd. 0, 0. C. B. 9. 1793. 


G.S.&nidjl 




ximiton. i,h. 


*ndrid 




modest. alt. lin. chann. downy. yfl.~ 1824. 


Q.S. «Mb,l« 


1 GMopftdiium 


nild.<«lu>H. B.M. 


cXIiM) 


^^L 


rnii.2- 


ttfl. Retrp.w^i 


^^B CONrZi.SP/KENJnD. C=i.wii*a™.ri^«al«. Fi«r.<(fthedi>kfunnd.,hap 


!,.cl(ft,lhim^ 


^^B Ufrfins. «. 


o»a]-leaTed. amplex. ohi. »err. mgoi. *I. 8. 9. N.Amer. 17S9. 


H.p. Samfyli 


^■^(mrrd«...8. 


Plowman'*. ov. lane. cren. downy, ji''- 7- 8. Brilnin 


H.B. ««(<.« 

V.^.yart.,tn 


^^H MriMBCUoUE. W 


MQlldn-leaved.OT.crwi.obt. hairy. jri. 6. 7. Caodia. 1714. 


H 


[loolhrd. Papp 


ttia. Rrtn.mkl 


1 EBrcEfiOW, 


FLEA-BANE. Cal.inbr. FUiT.^fthtditkS-dtft.thiatqfthtradi 


.„,.>,,.,*rt 


icrU. E.B. 


blue. Kss.lanc. ent. hairy.iff.pur. 7. B. Uiitaio 


H.B.S-J,I« 




Aster-like. upalli.initli.dott.Dpp.Un, <th. — ■ 1812. 


H.B. ««.,■ 


alpiDui. E.F!. 




H.p. p«tiif 1 


beilidifoliag. 


DBisylea»ed. oboi.MrT.npp.laoceat. lU. 8. 0. N.Amer. 1790. 


H.B. rM(. 




Canada. lin. lane, ciliat. ah. Eoglaiid 


H.a. — . 


CSDCfuicUE. M.B 


la rgK- flowered, obi. ent. upp. cord. or. pur. 7. 8. Cancasus.lS20. 


H.». ■ 


kLiMUbi. b.M. 


smootb-leaved. Inn.ent.smth .edges ciliat. pM. N.Amer.l8a7. 


H.». . 


nniflonia. E.FI. 


Pale-rayed. »eu. lane. ent. bairy. (i. S. 9. Scotland 


H.». ■ 


VUliniLw. 


Villar'i. Mia. scabr. bnc. tooth, pu. 7. 8. Piednio. 1»04. 


H.». 


^ 


lihenyligalal 


,.W1. Pw..> 


^B russju'Go 


COLTS-FOOT. Co), timp.frmn IS io SO eqn. KaUi. Flor. qfthe 


^H •ipii.i. 


Alpine. renif. tooth, inilh. pur. 3. 5. Anitria. 1710. 


H.v.l«ntfa 


H.«r>-.>.«. 




H.B. d<rirf.N 




[ny,ligkllvl«,th,d. Pap, 


..«»il,.r«Hj 


^^K AEJVE'CIO GROUNDSEL, «r A^GIFOAr. Cat. d^bje. Floreit^lki diik i 


;«r((.l. (*M«y 


^" sqnStlciit. B.B. 


mamh. obov. upp. lyrate, serr. get. 6. 7. Britain 


H.». S.,iJ,k 






H.B. Ji«<c» 


coiiiccui. w. 


leathery-leav'd. lane. lerr. downy hen. yd. 7, 8. LevanL 1788. 


H.B. >•*«,«' 






^^^^H 



SYNOBNESIA POLY6AMIA SUPERFLUA. 



18$ 



^rtBMUle 



Nane. 



Form of CoLof Month NatWe Yr^f 

L«vn,&c Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. 



BorAaicaBi. w. 
Aegaos. w. 
Ifidm. B.B. 



Leo|MDd's-1iaii6l.ent. serr. Till. yel, 7. 9. S.Eorop. 1705. H.9. 

elegrat piiiiiatif.pikMe,vi8dd. re.wA. 6. 8. C. B. S. 1700. H.ft. 

gT6afr>icaled. amplex. lane tooth. yeU 7. 8. Britain H.fl. 

LUae-eolor'd. ovJane.8emi-ainplez.dent./t. C. B. S. 1826. O.J^. 

BirdVtongae. Umcserr.woolly ben. yel, 6. 8. England H.^. 

FwJklo-Chiiia.w. China-rooL sinuat. cut two-coloared.ptc. China. 17S2. G.9. 

ipeddsos. B.R. ihewy. rimiat. lob. dent, hairy, red, 7. 8. 1789. G.9. 

kauifdlins. E.FL hoary. altpinnatif .downy ben. yel. Britain H.9. 

veB6ttas. b.r. handsome. pinnatif.Begni.lin.dant red, 6.11. C. B. S. 1774. O.J^. 



SoU: 
Propagntlon. 

Meed$. 



B.R. 

pfaidonis. w. 



FYJCETHRUMf FE VERFEW. Cal. hemisp, Flor. qfthedisk with 5 equ. segm. ikoieqfthe ray Z-tooih. 

.lipinm. w. Alpine. pinnatif.dentnpp.lin.ent ir. 7. 8. Switzerl, 1759. H.9. Sandy loam, 

Afenil31inm.B.if.haliy. pinnatif. cot. hairy. tch. N.Holl. 182S. O.D. parting 

iwdSn im . E.F1. ScentL-Mayweed.8eakpin.ieg4W»it8mth. y, 8. 9. Britain. — 

JU fiimo. doubk-flowef^g, 

■uttlnnm. w. sea. 8e88.b!plnn3eg.obt. trA.ye/.6.10. 

IteKidiini. w. common. bipinn, segm. ov. wh.yel. 6. 9. . . . 

fiJUr€'pUn0. 



H.B. r§oU,9r 
seed. 



roae-coioared. pinn.8mth.leafl.bipinn. rose, 0. Caacasn8.1826. H.^. 
• maiih. Ianc.deepl.serr.;<lni.erecti0.7. 9. HnngRry.1816. H.9. 



GAUS^OGEAf GALINSTOGEA. InvoL imbr. Flor, of the disk tuhu, S-tooth. hermaph. Sty, smooth, 

CdahitJU B.F.G« three-lobed. obl.lanc.denthast.3-lob. ye/. 5. 7. Peru. 1797. "H,^, Light loam. 

seed, 

[those of the rays Z-toothed, 
MATBICARIAyWILD-CHAMOMILE. Cal, nearly flat, imbr. Cor, radiant. Flor. qf the disk 5'part. 

GkuBomfna.£.FL common. bipinnatif.ftegm.lin.smth. ye. Britain H.2I. Light loam. 

seed, 

aANTITALlA, 8ANVITALIA. CaLround, Cor. radiate. Flor. qfthe disk tubu. limb 5 -parted, 

B.R. trailing. opp. ov. upp. alt. hairy, yel, 7, 8. Mexico. 1798. H.fl. Sandy soil, 

ueds, 
JtlftBEMtSj CHAMOMILE, CaL hemisph. scales nearly equal. Reeep. chaffy, convex, 

E.FL ' com. biptnnat.§egm.lin.pul)e.y.tr. 0. 8. Britain H.9. Light soil, 

B.R. Parstey-leared. pinnatif.smth. lobes 3-fid. w. 8. 9 1764. H.^. seed, or 

r. stinking. bipinnatsmth.8egm.flaty.fr. 6. 9. Britain H.U.parting root* 

E.F1. sea. biplnnat.hairy,dott.fle8h. y. 7, 8. England H.jft. 

B.B* Ox-eye. blpinnat.8err.hairyabove.ye. 6.11. Britain H.9. '■ 

MCEJLLKA, YARROW, CaLot>,imbr,uneq, Flor, qf the disk S-parted. Down none. 



I. w. Sweet Maudlin, obi. obt.serr. smth. yel. 8.10. S.Europ.l570. H.9. Light loam, 

w. Southemw.-rd. bipinn. pobes. segm. lin. yel, 6. 8. Levant. 17S9. H.^.parting root, 

^kaUdlia* F.t. Rose-coloured, bipinn .segm.ov.obtserr.roa. N.Amer. 1803. H.9. 

l^fMtB. M.B. two-toothed. lin.lancacum.finely serr. 10. 7. 9. Iberia. 1825. H.9. 



M.B. great-flowered, lin. acut smth. sernil. wh. 7. 8. Caucasus. 181 5. H.9. 

B.FLconmwn-Milfoil.bipinnatif. segm. tooth, ye. 6.10. Britain H.9. 

• E.FL Sneeie-wort. lin. lane. serr. wA. 7.11. .... H.9. 

w. serrated. Un.lanc.downy,serr. ye,wh, 8. 9. .... H.9. 

.M. downy. bipinnatwoolly,segm.lin.ye. 5.10. .... H.9. 



fODOLPPIS, PODOLE'PIS. Invol.imbr, Recep,naked, Papp.sess,pilo, Flor. of the disk h-tooth. 
B.V.0. slender. 0¥.obL3-ner.uppJan.amp./t. — 



N.HoU. 1827. H.^p. Loom * /«<l/' 

mould, ueds. 



2 B 



SVNGENESIA POLYGAMIA 8UPERFLUA. 



rciitir*,arM 
ADENOTRTCHIA, ADENOTRlCHrA. IotaI.dbl.tif man jlcava. Recqi.%»k. Ftar.^flhtngli'^ 

■mpIexlcaiklis.B.R.stem-claiping. ot. amplcx. pinnittr. gel. < CbiH. ISMt. F.9- Sandfli 

tetdi, ar foriinf n 
GERBER1A,GERBER1A. iHTolimbr. stales lane, Rectp.Jlat. Ftor.afthtraytt-loothtd, 
OTUito. B.B. crenBte-lcaved. obo.Greii.smth.>op.l-a'(l.pH.4. B. C. B. S. 1830. G.|).l>aa^f 

Hrrf«, or diritfov ' 

LEPTOSTEL3IA,LEPTOSTELMA. Inv<il.equ.Tmad. Recqi.cmt. Fliir.o/lhcJiikhtrmtpk. 
raiximuni. D.D. gigantic. elong.taD.den.iipp.cur.lin.to. Mexico. 1SZS. H.|9.Sit*J][li 



ATHRrXlAiATHRIXlA. Cal.obloiie,ir»ianylettrts,Smbr. Fhr.<tflhtniyftv,i'hM. Ricef.lm 
taptims.B.a. Cap*. lin.awl-9b.rig.cottoD.b«n.r#. 6. T. C. B. S. 1831. G.^. Smisin 

parlag 

CENTROCLrNlUJiyCENTROCLINWia. InvoLimb. Flor.<tfthe disktub-i-de^.o/Hurn/i 
■ppr^nm. b.h, cloac-presi'd'ScalM.laDc. ent. vh. bcD. ros. 3. 9. Peru. L839. S.^. — 

reflixum. B.M. rtilcxtd-scaidd, ov.lant.dcn.wooll.beD.pB.ri'. S.3. — 



MA'DU,IIIADU. Inrot.o/m 
ilegaiu. B.R. elegant. 



ii.liD.latic.pubes. ytl. N.Amer. ISSI. H.3. 



^^ peU. 
^^B ngfi 



BELE'NtUM, HBLBNIVM. Iniol.simp. Recep.mUt. Fopp. S-avn. Ftar.o/tktraghafftrijU. 

■Dtiunn&lc. w. AutumDal-fl'g. lane, serr. Bintli. grel.B.IO. 1739. H.p. Samifl 

qDadrideutatum.ti.Rifour-tooth'il. pinnatii', upp. lane. ent. ye.5,10. Loulslun. IIOD. H.p.dirWid. 

BAVLFWSSIA, KAULFirsSlA. C«l. timpl. Uafi. eqiml. Cor. nytd. Recep.n-ik.com. Pajif.ti 
■meUofdeB, s.r. blue-flowered, alt. scu.knc. deot blue. 6. 7. C.B. S. IBig. H.a. SoWf i 

j PASCAUA, PASCALIA. Invo.^mamytin.Uitv. Bee.elufff: Secdsariptbtrr. Papp.t—Oi. 
^ca-A.B.R. gtancous-lMved.opp.S-Derr.glBu.dent. yd. 6. 8. Chili. 1799. 11.9. 



mbigua. w. ambigiioiu. obi. lane. scrr. piloie. yit. 7.8 1739. H.^- Smij 

i<pera.w. rough. ov.Mib-ellip.KBbr.eerr. yd. 9, N.Amer. 1733. H.p. djrtfn 

axUlirii, Ph. aiillaiy-tlow'd. lane. BciT. smUi. yfl. B.IO. 1811. H.p. Ikin 

CE'>ia.w. Maryland, lane, smth.; itcn erect, yet.9,10. 1732. H.p. 

c&mbrica. w. Wdih. wedgc-ah. lane downy, yet. 7. 8. Wales. H.p. 

eUipUca. w, oval-leaved. ellip, aerr. Sat. j«l. B. 0. N.Aroer. 1739. H.(P. 

(^gftntea. w. gigantic. lauc.ierr.edgeirongh. yet. 17S8. H.^. 

kncGoUta. B.M. Tamgon-I'd. lin. Ian. ent S-nei-v. yd. H.fl. 

minikta. b.c. least. lane. scut, serr, smth. yel. 7. 8. P^renee. 1772. H.^. 

pitula. V. tpreoding. cllip. apalh. «prr. smth. yd, 9.10. N.Amer. 1805. H.p. 

petioliris. w. late-tlowered. stalk, ellip. rough. <i<t.l0.ia. 1759. H.Tfi. 

rng^. Ph. wrlnldcd-l'd. laiic.seiT.jcnbr.niKOSP. yel. 6. 9. 1733. li.^. 

reHf^a. w. reflexed. la nc.serr.reflex .rough, yel. I7S8. H.^f. 



SYNOENESIA POLYGAMIA 8UPERFLUA. 187 

Engllih Forvof CoUf Month NaUve Yr.of Soil and 

MaoM. Ucvesy&c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

shewy. Uuc sen*, smth. yeL 9.10. 'SJkmer. 1812. H.9. 

itfidi. w. upright. huic«nt8iiith.low.8eiT. yeh 0. 1758. H.^. — ■ 

VirgAftrau B.FL coaoion. eUip. npp. Udc. sen*. yel, 7. 9. Britafan H«9. ■ — ■ 

[the rays linear^ Z-toothed, 
FNULA, ELBCAMPANKy ^ FLEA-BANE. Cal. imhr. Fkr. (^the duk wUh 5 eqwl ugm. tk9U rf 

kSliaiiiau FU). creeplng^roofd. ampLUmc.baieierr.pilo. yei. — — Gennan. 17ft9. HJf.Light Uam 

»iiWmo<dit.B.FLS«mphire-rd. iin. fleshy, 3.cuspid. yeL 8. 9. England H.^.^- letifrnvM. 

fMifitta.w. Sword-leAved. sess. smth. Iin. acum. yfi. 7. 9. Austria. 1798. H^f.ditndingthe 

imMibmu w. gfamdnlar. obi. sess. serr. gland. yel, 7. 8. Georgia. 1804. H.9. ro«<f • 

inndifldra. w. great-flowered, lane. sess. hairy serr. yeU Caacasus.1825. H.9* """^ — 

■•B. Elecampane. OT.ampl.tooth.downy. yd. Britain H.9. 

\ American. obl.lanc.se8s.ent.mncr. yeU America. 1749. H.9. 

FLD. WiUow-leaYed* lanc.recurv.serr.scabr. yeL 8. 0. N.£arop.l648. H.9* ■ 

F1.6r. scaly. ov. rigid, sess. serrul. yeZ. 7. 9. S.Eorop. 1768. H.9. 

fttlntH. w. Vaillant^ lane. obi. serr. hairy. yeL 6. 8. France. 1789. H.9. 

WJsICAEIAy FLEA-'WORT, InvoLimbr, scales linear, Recep. naked. Papp, compound, 

«%iria. smalL ampl.uiidul. ; s^emprost yeL 8. 9. England. — — H.fl. Sandy sot/. 

Ttmim PmUcMa. b.b. 

CINERARIA^ FLEA-WORT. Col. simp. acaL equ, FUtr. of the disk perfect, S-ckft. Seeds A-sid, stria, 

Mnntiaea. b.f.o. Orange-colored.ellip.lanc.repand.dent. or. 5. 7. Switserl. 1818. H.9. Loom 4r /^'l/' 

cnitetB. B.M. bloody. coraing.dent.parpl.ben. pu. 2. 5. Canaries. 1777. G.9. moiiid. c«£- 

csBipfstiis. w. field. ellip.den.upp.lan.cottony. y, 5.10. N.Europ H.H.iingsordivi' 

peCi^tef. B.K . Bntter Bor-l'd. snb-orbic.andul.lob.pQb.y«/. 12.2. Mexico. 1812. G. Jb« ding roots, 

dbiriea. b.m. Siberian. cord. obt. dent. yeL 6. 8. Siberia. 1784. H.9. 

shewy. renif. acum. cren. yeL 1818. H.Jf, 



!.■»• 



[Papp, sessile^ 
DORO'NICUM, LEOPARiyS'BANE, CaL a double row qf equal scales, Flor, of the ray Z to 6'tooth. 



Siberian. obo.8path.upp.ampl.den. ye, 1788. H.^p. Light loam. 

FudiBiache8.B.B. great cord.tooth.upp.ampl. yeL 5. Britain H.9. part, roots. 

w. Plaintain-leav'd.ov.acut sob-dent. yeL 5. 6. S.Europ. 1570. H,^. 



ISeed obotate, 
WSLUSJIDAISY. CaL scales equ.in2 rows. Flor. qfthe disk S-cUfiythose of the ra^us notch. DownO. 

grass-like. lin.ent.; sieml-flow'd. y.10. 5. 7. V.Diem H.Jjf.Loam if peat* 

entire-leaved, ov. lane. ent. w,ye, — - N.Amer H.^.dtvuf.a^roo^. 

MUTTSIAfMUTrSIA. Invol.imbr. Flow, qf disk hermaphr. tubular, b-dented. Recep, naked. 

handsome. piBn.leafl.ov.lanc.acat. pur. 8. R.Janeiro. S.J^.c/. 



[hermaph. qf the ray ligul, Recep. chaffy. 
OEGESBeCKIA, SIEGESBE^CKIA. Itnol. double, outer of i linear leaces. Flor.of the disk tubul, 

#iKroldes.B.V«6.san-dew-like. opp. rhomb, ov. ampl. y«{. 8. 0. Mexico. 1825. F.9. 

IRecep. honey-combedt 
CALUSTE:MA, china-aster. CaL of many leaves. Flor, qf the disk S-cl^, those qfthe ray liguU 

ymtimU. garden. ov. dent, ciliated. va. 7. 0. China. 1731. H.fl. Sandy loan 

l.cMTtfia. blue. H.fl. andUqf 

2.«tt«. whiU, H.a. mould. 

8.rft^ red. H.fl. suds. 

2 B 2 



^H 188 


SYNGENESIA POLVGAMIA SUPERFLCA. 


m 


^^^K Syuaauic 


Eajlijh Forn. nf Col^t Hunlh Nillw Yr.o( 


■oUll 


^^^H Suae. 


Name. Leaves, lie Flow. a[F1. Cuuiilrji. iDliiKt. 


p»p^ 




dohbU-fiaaered T.O.China. ITSl. H.a 






lariegated H.a 




^^H 6. ttrtfcalor. 


redondiciih H.a. 






tDo«^««. R«c».-i« 


^^M A'STER, STAR-WORT. C<d. imbr. Fhr. >.J the dUk tulml. S-clfft, lho«- oftht ray 3-dtft 


Stedttl 


^^" ■IplnUl. B.M. 


Alpine. UDC.entsmth.ton.ipath, pn. 5. B. Alpt.Eur.lCSS. H.ff. 


SiadS « 


icru. w. 


acrid. lin.lanc. enL U. 8. D. S.Europ. ITSl. H.9. 


Thtm,i 


KjttvUI. W. 


rammer. lin. lauc. ent.amplex. H. T. 8. N.Amcr.lITO. H.». 


htiftdi 




bastard. ellip.lan.snith.sligbt.den. W. 8.10. .... H.p. 


thugu 


•Andon6nu. 


Anderson'!. lane, srotb. lerr. W. 0. .... H.p. 


arfffri 


Adi61Ii». b.h. 


Ilalian. obi. lancent. pub.icabr. &I. 8.9. Italy. 1506. H.^. 


in^tum 


■rgopLyllDs. B.* 


.Muskscenled. ov. lane. dent. >ilky. s'-«- 5.T.V.Die.W.!a04. G.*. 


f-r*»g\ 


unpleMcaUii. w 


«tem-clasping. ov.obl.coid.ampl.fleir. i(.e.ll. N.Amer. H.IJ. pI<r<rU«l0 


Blwan^-D^. B.M 


fiDC-rayed. ot. ent. bB»« atten. piir. T. S. Caocatus. H.^J. 


-oc^jm 




actuninatG. OT. lane. acum. tcrr. wA, 8.10. N.Amer. 1606. H.^. 


M«(<.nfl 


Rcule&tus. 


prickly. lin.prickl.ab<..edge.revoLtr. V.Die.I.LlSlB. G.lfi.«u,rktda^ 


( «ngn«if6Uu».w. 


narrow-leaTed. Un. acnt. hoary. bl. S. T. C. B. S. 1804. G.p. 


.r^pr^M 


illnu. w. 


wblte-aoweHDg.eUip. lane aerr. irh. N.Amer. L TOO. H.^-gaitd ija^ 


Ali6DiL 


Mr. Alton's. ellip.lanc.ent.obt.imlb. bl. .... H.^. 


liH*- 


Brd^BM. 


bright. lane. 3-4 inch long. bl. .... H.fl. 





BBgfutB.. 


narrow-leaved, lane. tooth. J -4 ineb.long. wh. .... H.^. 





belU<llA6m. w. 


DaUy-flowered.flnipl.tin,bin.inBre.rough. ii. 9.10. N.Amer. .... H.p. 


., 


BirreK. 


Borrer'B, laac. remotely serr. irh. —~ H.^. 


• 









bISndui. Ph. 


charming. lane. sen. smth. M.lO.Il.N.AinerlBOO. H.^. 





biBAmit. Bleb. 


two-flovrered. less. lane jerr.rongb. r. -— Caucasui.lBM. H.j. 


' 




corymbose-H'g. cord.or.scrr.long italk. mh. 9. N.Amer. 1T65. H.f. 


■ 


^^H comiBlius. w. 


Corniu-lv'd. obl.acnm.ov.ent. «-A. 0.11. H.p. 




^^^k « onclnnm. n. 


neat. lane. <err. unth. bl. 9.10. N.Amer. 1800. H.fl. 


■ 


H|«4b».w. 


hoary-teaved. bn.lanc.enl.3-nerv.pub. R 8.9. Huugacy.IStO. H.^. 







tufty. ellip. lane tooth. p»r. H.J. 





1 corditWin.. w. 


heartleavcd. cord. serr. slalL. Ii. T. 8. N.Amer. 1769. H.ff. 




■DiniL 


Don's. 4.5b.long,lnn.acom.«err.i(. — .... H.p. 





dmsdnit. w. 


boihy. lin.ent.imt1i.4-Sin.loD. p.w. 9.10. 1T34. H.^. 





diffdmi. w. 


diffuw. dlip.lanc.Mrr..mlh. «^b.ri. ITTT. H.p. 


' 




spreadxngdow'y.ellip.lan.ierr.smt.upp.lin.lBn. 1758. H.*. 







bu«bv. lin.smth.sub-dent. ah. .... H,|». 


— 




. Tarmgon-like. lu.. latic. serr. smth. «.ft 1811. H.p. 





^^B erfctui. 


upright. Ian.toolh.»mth. ; <(m.dl. p.Ji. H-B- 


■ 


^B <Us»». w. 


elegant. ellip. lane. dent. 6I.B.10 n90. H.ip. 





^PtoiBeo<.w. 


eminenl. lin. lane. acum. (i. 9.11. N.Amer. H.^. 







Heath-leaved, lin.ent.imth. Br.lvi.crowd.io. 9. ITse. H.^. 


— 


1 Porttcri. Borr. 


Fonlers. ampl.near.ent.lan.smtb. Ii. ...- H.». 


■ 


floribaudus. w. 


many-flowered. amp. lane. lowcr«err. Ii.9.10. 17S8. H.fl. 


■ 


, IrigilU. w. 


fragUc. lir.lancent.undergerr. tc*. 9. 1800. H.^. 


- 


^_^ •Fitcbirf. 


Fiicher'a. lan.d en. roug.S. inch. long. ir. .... H.^. 


"■^~ 




{ Biq. F.R.S. F.L.S. tic., wbo tiadly furnished b>c «ilh the entire colkciioB from Li. G.rden U Ufl 


End, wherehe growsoneof themoMesleaswecdlecUoosof Ailcri, b» well Mother hwdj Mid 


AcfiM^ 


plunu, that is to be found in the Kingdom. 


J 



SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA. 



180 






Baglith 
Name. 



Form of 
Leaveiyftc. 



CoUr Month NtUve Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Coantrj. Introd. 



Soil and 
PropagatloD. 



leafj. Uui.fDb-8er.upp.lui.entpa.U. 9. N.Amer. 1800. 

giaiicoiis. dttp. lane. eot. glau. M.9.11. 1823. 

ftrong-Bcented. ellip. lane. 14. Arkansa. 1825. 

graaa-leaved. lin. smth. erect. ptup* — < 

great>flowered. lin. ent acat. rig. ampl. 61.10.11 .N.Amer. 1720. 

Irish. lin.lan,8mth.ent.4-5 in.lon.p. .... 

lU. 9.10. 



giwv^olena. 
gnminifflimt. 
giaiidifldnia. w, 

IgiaopiAHIaa. w. Hyssop-leaved, lin. ent. dott. smth. 



Hookerua 
jineeoi. w. 



kagUaiiitt. w. 
IridH. 



miKii. 



Mr.Humeniann's.lanc. dent. smth. par. 

Dr. Hooker's, lin. ent smth. wh. 

slender-stalked, lin.lancsmth.low.serr. wh, 

lance-leaved. S-Oinch.longylancdent. irik.8.11. 

obl.ent.shin.ampl.sub-8er.2t. 9.10. 

lin.lan.smth.8eldom tooth, w, 10. 

lane, tooth, smth. pM./t/. 9. 

spatnpp.UnJan.den.smt.p.p 9.11. 

lane. serr. smth. ampl. li. 

semi-ampUan.smth.den. hi. 

lan.smth.tooth.inthemid.pM. 



smooth. 

long-leaved. 

Uvid. 

loose-stalked. 

smooth. 

MiUer's. 

Maclea's. 

changeable. 



...••• 



168S. 



1758. 
1811. 
175S. 
1798. 



1794. 



■ritifltou. w* 



elli.lan.ser.amp.upp.ent. M. 0.10. N.Amer.l710. 



many-flowered, lin. smth. ent« wh, 

meagre-flow'd. lane. serr. sess. smth. wh. 



■aerophyThii. w. large-leaved, cord. serr. nmgh. bUwh, 7. 9. 

N6vft-B^lgiL New York. lan.6-6 in.lon.den.in mid. R 9.10. 

K6vft-A'nglisB« w. New England. lin.lan.ampl.pnb.ent;s(ifi.pil. 

Benoralis. B.K. wood. lin. lane, rongh. /i. 8. 0. 

New Scotland, lin. lane. alt. ent smth. li. 9. - 
Otto's. dlip. lane, dent bl, 



H>tt6iiis. 
paaieoUitas. 1 
pendfilos. w. 
fiirena, w. 

pOiitDB* 



ponicle-flow'g. cord.ov.lane.8err.8mth. trik. 9.10. 
pendnloos-fl'g. broadly ellip.lan.den.8mt. 6/. 



w. scarlet-stalked, lane. serr. ampl. scabr. lU. 7.10. 

polished. lan.smth.glaa.sab-serr. pa. 

*Pse6do-dom68as. Bastard-boshy. lin. ent smth. trA. 

*FM6do-diff&sas. Bastard-spread. ellip.lan.serr.8eabr. wh.pu. 

fne'emu w. early-flowering, lan.den.8mth.4in.long. bl, 7. 8. 



1782. 
1570. 
17S9. 
1710. 

1778. 



1640. 



1710. 



1800. 

pttMnthof des. w. Prenanthes-like.spath. lane, serr.; stm.pil.bl, 0.11 . 1817. 

Hungarian. Iin.lan.entedge8 rough, vi. 7. 8. Hungary.1815. 
pretty. spath. upp. lin.lane. red. 5. 8. ArmenU. 1818. 

dotted. lin. acum. dott S-nerv. ti. 8. 9. HuDgary.1815. 

many-leaved, lin. smth. ent trA. 8.10. N.Amer. 

pale-flowered, obi. lane. serr. smth. /i. 0.10. 

reflex-leaved. ov.imb.reeur.eilia.8err.rr.ir. 2. 9. C. B.S. 1750. 

river. lan.remote. tootb.smth. p.pv. 

red-stalked. ov.lan.remotelyserr.sm. li. 0. 



pricfafihia. w. 
twctitua. w. 
pdjpli/llas. w. 



riiattrifl. 
nliidiDdiii. 



...... 



. . * • • 



^Bauiolatitf* 



■SsttodrL 
rfaiplez. w. 
■Idfittiia. w. 



red-flowered. ov.lan.ampLseabr.ent red. 9.10 

netted-leaved . obi. lane. acut. hoary, wh. 8. 1 1 . N . Amer. 1812. 

spathulate. Ian. serr. smth. bl. .... 

ttlky-leaved. oU. lane. sess. silky. bl. Missouri. 1802. 

Solander's. cord. acum. serr. wh. 9 

single-stalked, lin. lane. serr. pa.wh. N.Amer. 

Willow-leaved. lin.lan.5-6in.long^mth. /t.9.10. 1760. 

spurious. aropl.ovJane.edgeseU. p,bl. 10. .... 

ragged. ov. acum. ent hairy. bl. 6. 7. 1801. 



H.9. 
H.9. 

H.9. 

H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 

H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9 

H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 



190 



8YNGENE8IA POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA, 



Sjrtlemttic 
Mune. 

8pect4bili8. w« 
serodnoa. w. 
spanifldrus. w 
aagittifdlias. w 
strietncPb. 
sibiricns. w. 
thyTufldrus. 



Bagllah 
Name. 



Form of 
Leaves, &c. 



CoLof Month NaUve Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. iDtrod. 



BoUaad 



shewy. lane. serr. ; ttemhtky. bL 8. 0. NAmer. 177T. H.9 

late-flowering. 8e».ellip.lan.remo.ser. bl,lu 9.11. — — H.9 

scattered-flow'g.Un.awl-flh.reflex.smth. wk. ^— — • ' ■' 1798. H.9 

Arrow-leeTed. cord, ugitt.acam. sen*. U. 7. 0. — -<^ 1818. H.9« 



upright-dwarf. Un. lane, rough. 

Siberian. ampl.serr.lanc.pilose. 

thyrK-flow'g. lin.]anc.nearly ent. 
Trip6luim. E.FL sea. Un. lane. ent. 

TradetcdntL w. Mlchaelm.Daifly.lanc. aerr. smth. 



vi. 9.11. 



1806. H.9 



tennifdlius. w« 
tardifl6nis. w. 
toment^eus. w. 
▼enfcolor. w« 

▼1116008. w. 

^▼agfiins. 
•Wilden6rii. 



par. 7. 0. Siberia. 1768. H.9 

IDA. ^««<» ...... .... H.y 

car, 8. 9. Britain H.9 

wk. 7. 9. N.Amer. 163S. H.9 

wk. 9.10. 1785. H.9 

1776. H.9 



alender-leayed. Un. ent. smth. 

late-flowering, sets. lane. sen*, smth. pwr, 7. 9. 

downy-leaved, ov. serr. downy. wk, 5. 7. N. S. W. 1798. G.J^ 

varions-eolor'd. ampl.broad.lan.ser.fnith. vi. 8. 9. N.Anier. 1790. H.^ 

▼Ulous-leaTed. lin.fiUf.¥Ul.; «em.8hnib. (t. 5. 7. C. B. S. 1819. G.|^ 

spreading. ampl. lane. smth. dent. It. H.9 

Wildenow's. cor.ov.deep.8err.upp.lan. H, H.9 



[ike ray l-cl^, ttgml&U. 
DIPLOSTE'PHWM, DIP LOST EPHWM. Col. inUmcate. Fhr. qftke disk tubul. S-cU/i. Phr. ^ 



linarUfdlinm. toad-flax-lv'd. lin. mucr, rough. 

A*9ktr linariifdlius, w. 
Unif5Uum. Flax-leaved. lin.ent.scabr.1 inch long, wk, 7. 8. 

A'iter lin\fiUiiu. w. 
Amygdalinum. Almond-leaved. lan.wrinkl.edgesciUat. p.vik. 7. 9. -— ~ 1759. H.^, 

A'iter umbeMtui, w. 



pur. 9.10. N.Amer. 1699. H.|t. 
1789. H.ft. 



•GEORCrNA, GEORGrNA. 

variabilis, w. variable. 

DMia supirjlua, h.k. 

Garden Varieties. 
I. White. 

Hei|ht 
in Feet. 

Alba mnltiflora 3-4 

AlbinU 3 - 4 

Blanch Fleur 3 - 4 

French Fleur 2 - 3 

Inwood's White 3-4 

King of the Whites .... 3 - 4 

Mountain of Snow 4 - 5 

Lady EUz. Hmrcourt . . 4 • 5 



Cal, double, outer refiexed ; inner qf6 leaves. Reeept. ekafy, P^Pf^ ^« 
pLnn. leafl. ov. serr. ca. 6.11. Mexico. 1789. H.^. ' 



Garden Varieties. 



II.White, Spotted with Bed. 



Garden Varieties. 



IV. Lilac. 



HelKht 
ill FeeL 

Dwarf Blush White. . . . 2-3 Daphne 

Nymphseiflora 3-4 Landgravine . . . . 

Marchioness of TavistoclL 2 - 3 Lady of the Lake 

— — LUia pnmila 

III. Blush. 

MaidofKent 3 - 4 

Miss Turner 3 - 4 

Rosea alba 2 - 3 



HdcM 

la Fad. 



Lady Rachel RusseU 
Queen of Scots .... 

Royal LUac 

Theodore 

Trevoriana 



* The soil best adapted for the growth of these beautiful and numerous varieties of floweiB, Is a 
vellow rich loam ; if recently taken from a pasture, so much the better. They are aU readUy Incraamil 
by parting the preceding year's roots; but the most general and successful method, is, by sabjectiiif tbaie 
roots to a little artificial heat in March or AprU ; this wiU induce them to push out young shoots, whidi 
should be taken off* when they are from three to four inches long, and put into pots in a mixture of 
sandy kNun and leaf mould, and then placed in a hot-bed, where a gentle heat should be kept natll tkty 
have made good roots, when they may be taken out and placed in a cold frame, and gradoaUv cxpoaed 
to the external atmosphere, previous to their being planted out in the flower border about tne mkMle 
of May. They will thus produce an abundance of flowers in Autumn, which will contioue to oimiiieBt 
the flower garoea onlU they are destroyed by the frost. 



SYNOENESIA POLYGAMIA SFPERFLtTA. 



V, Roil, OB PmB. 

liaiorWeHingtoo .. 4 

JofVotk 4 

[oflheBoMS 4 

rOlcarilk > 

lofBcOeVne 4 



Wi^ht . 



1. la Fat. 

DikpoTGnftoa S-S AOuOe* r 

Orarral LaAjcUe .... 4-S BladiTartm 

GlobrOnngc 4-S CosMeo of Cnm . 

Uuty Ofbome 1-4 Dnnaa'i Ticterj . . . 

Lord Lyndhnnt S - 4 ScTBOoriasa 

< Ptnrro X-I Doogb**! AduDv 

Ton Veber s - 4 decon . . . 



HiB'i 



n. OaAOKM VilKIETIEl. 



Lady Holland 

.^tnipoipima 



— Robiuta 

— Triumph Royal . . 3 
Inali'i QaeeDof Rosea 3 
[ juid Lancatlet . . 4 



VU. V«LLOW. 



htTctlow 

iff Ooldeo Ydlm . 

wde Jboiic 

itf* Pore Yrllow . . . 
fawea GrandUon . 



Buret's Sostona 4 

Beant; in the Boih I 

Brewer's CsmlM'.SGrpiiK S 

Comnuxla . S 

Compacts ..... S 

Homer ............ 2 

EeDtishllero 3 

LadjBUke 1 

Iddy Fimborongli •... t 

Leopold the Fint 4 

Lord C'KbraDe 3 

Lady Aberdeen 4 

Maid of Orleans ) 

Plant's porporea perfects B 
Queen of Wirtemborg .. S 
Sulloaia mperb - S 



in. Burr AiiD S1I.MO*. 

■SUff* 3 ■ 3 

ideUn ) • 4 

IflfStLcourd't.... S - 4 

■ 3 - 4 

tl* Jupiter 6 - 7 



Wells' Judo 

SlrJ.Copb?.. 

Man of Kent.. 



DC. OSINGE. 
iapaUida 

n of Bedford .... 



Col« ill e'> perfects 4 - 

Duuglas't Angiuta 5 - 

Lord Famboroogh ■ 

Perfecla of SnsMi ■ . • . 3 - 

PrinceH Anfuita 3 - 

Rob Roy 3 - 

TriccJor s ■ 



Smith's 

Panl Prr S - 

WeUiugtoa 4 • 

Wdb'waiiamllieFoarDi S - 

PoUa a- 

■ Eminent 1 - 

Slephema 2 • 

Lard nincbekea 4 > 

ktonnt VcjOTiB 3 . 

Wheder't Tnrt S ■ 

XjepofboB,iiiF\omtiBaO 1 - 



Mil. Scarlet. 

BarrcfsWiniaBilV 4 - 

Beanty of Hackney .... S - 

Beantf of Cbeahunl 4 - 

ColDinbln« I - 

Cocdnea aaperlM , i - 

ipcfiDtuaia 3 - 

CoDBteu of Uverpool . . < - 
DodglM's Splendida .... 4 - 
Eogbod's Defiance .... 4 • 

E^iimia .... 4 - 

Electa 3 - 

Lord JiriiD Roisell, M- 

|>erb ball 3 ' 

> Manhall'i Prince George 3 . 

Mount Etna S • 

Read'* Lord Neville .... S - 
Smith's Qncen Addaide > - 

Waterloo 4 - 

Scat lei Tnrban ( • 

Ranunculus, eatn 

Vtitdi'i' Beaulyof DcTon 4 . 
LadyWUIiamBuaell.... 3 ■ 



192 



SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA SUPERFLUA. 



Sfftematic 
Nime. 



Easllth 
Nime. 



Form of 
Lea?et, ftc 



CoLof Month Natire 
Flow. ofFl. Conntry. 



YMf 
iBtrod. 



Son 



Garden Varietiea. 
XIV. Red. 

Bamardise 

Beaoty of England .... 

of Hertford .... 

Clandins Caesar • . • • 

Ezcdsa 

Homilis 

Lady Sydney 

Mr. Hatchinson 

Mamhairg QneenAdelaide 

Waiiam the Fourth 

Roaette 

TalaTera 



Garden Varietiea. 
XVI. Crimson. 



Gardes Varietiea. 



Height 
in Feet. 

4-5 
5 - 6 
4 - 5 

3 - 4 

4 - 5 

1 - 2 
4 - 6 
3 - 4 
3 - 4 
3 - 4 
3 . 4 

2 - 3 



XV. RUBT COLOURBD. 

BritishHero 5-6 

Denniaii 4 - 5 

Inwood's Donna Maria . . 3 - 4 

RodhaUVenos 3-4 

Sans Rivale 4 - 5 

Yonng*s Triumph 7 - 8 



Height 
in Feet. 

Cicero 4 - 5 

Crimson Turban 3-4 

Coronation 3 • 4 

Dennis's Invincible .... 3 - 4 

Fulgida perfecta 3-4 

superb 4 - 5 

Foster's Incomparable . . 4 - 5 

Grandeur Superbe 3-4 

Oalanthus 4 - 5 

Hon. Mrs. Petre .... 3 - 4 

Inwood's crimson multiflora2 - 3 

Lady Grantham 4 - 6 

Lindleyana 4 

Minerva 3 

Mundula 2 

Marquis of Hertford .... 3 

Nutter's Apollo 4 

Paul'sRival 3 

Crimson Turban 3 



Hci(M 
in 



Wells' minima I - S 

William the Conqueror.. 4 - S 
Lady Georgiana Russell S - 4 



XVII. Ambmomb Flowikbo. 

Painted Lady S - 4 

Sweet scabious flowered S • 4 



5 
4 
3 
4 
5 
4 
4 
4 
4 



XVII. Globe flowered 
amdicarleL 



Crimson 



Sowerby 3 - 

Summit of Perfection .. 3 - 

Wells' Aurora 5-6 

Bellona 3-4 



bonnet 
dariL 



4 
4 
2 



Neat Crimson t 

Lord Russell S 



S 
5 

S 
4 
4 



CHRYSA'NTHEMUM, CHRYSA'NTHEMUM. Jnrol imbricated. Reeept. naked. PafpuM 



argteteum. w. silvery. bipinn. leafl. acut. ent. 7. 8. Levant. 

atritum.w. fleshy-leaved, wedge-sh. obi. semil. tcA. Austria. 

graminifdUum. w. grass-leaved, lin. nearly entire. 6. 7. Mont Pel. 

sin^nse. SabineVChinese.pinnatif.dentglau.var. 9.11. China. 



1. parfkreum, 

2. variAbile, 

3. tubuUeum^ album, 

4. eupirbuM, 
6. teeeelUitum. 

6. tubMeumy Ikteum, 

7. ealfkkreuw^ 

8. akrea, 

9. ditcdor, 

10. LUaeinum. 

11. ckpreum. 

12. fkltum. 

13. fl^mmeum. 

14. tubuUeum r6teMm, 

15. atroparpkreMm, 

16. expAneum, 

17. purpur^aeene. 

18. intfolkiMM. 
10. fucieMtuwu 



old purple, 

ehangeable-wkite, 

quiUed-white, 

euperb^white. 

tOBMelled'white, 

quiUed^yeUow, 

eiraw-coloured, 

golden-yellow. 

large lilac. 

pinky or lilac. 

buffy or copper-coloured, 

Spanish brown. 

quilled flame-yellow, 

quilled pink. 

large quilled-orange, 

expanded light purple, 

quilled light purple. 

eurled'lilae, 

euperb cluetered-yellow. 



10.12. 



1731. H.y. Andy is€» 

1730. H.y.poft.afrsili 

1790. H.9.oretiKti«a. 

.... KM.Wf, m^^^^^^i^ 

. ■ • . JTX.^B. ^^m'^mm^^ 

• • • . JTX.^B. ^"^^"^^^^ 

.... n.f^a ^"^— '^■^'" 

a * • . Xft.ay. ^^^^^^m^ 

.... XI. f^. mtm^^^^^ 

«... XI. ap. ^^^— ^■^■* 



H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 
H.9. 

H.y. 
H.y. 

H.9. 

H.9, 
H.9. 



SYNGENESIA POLY6AMIA SUPERFLUA. 



103 



BogUsh 
Nime. 



to. twbmUmm e^rmeum. 
21. iihwn Memi-^itplex, 
li. Mailtom onr^fi^eiMi. 
SS. 9er9iinmm, 

SS. pknndum. 
SO. pupfr6e€MM» 
ST. pUUdmrn, 
SB. ehryaoe&mMm, 
SB. IFcraiaA. 

It eknf$eide», 
n. Parldi. 

%L tiramineum, 
ti. muUHle. 
SB. 6toolor. 
S7. ecrilco^or. 
IB.«te2?4teM. 

4$.JwM9een$. 

4L VfflMKllallfll. 

41 M^mlim. 
IS. liMUaUhmm^ 



Form of 
Learet* Ac* 

umi'double quiUed-pink. 

semi-double quiUed-white, 

semi-double quiUed-orange, 

late pale-purple, 

quilled salmon-coloured. 

smaU-yeUow, 

pe^^-white. 

late pale-pink, ^ 

tasseUed-yellow. 

yellow-waraiah, 

golden-lotus, 

double Indian-yeUow, 

Parkas small-yellow, 

semi-dbl, quill, pale-orange, 

pale-buff. 

changeable pale- buff, 

two-coloured incurved, 

two-coloured red, 

starry-purple, 

iasselled-lUac, 

brown-purple, 

early-blush, 

blush, 

double Indian-white, 



CoLof Month Native Tr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 



Sot] and 
PropacatioB. 



10.12. China. 



1790. H.9. 

a • « . XHtUM, 

, , • , XXtWm, 

• . . . XI. sp. 

.... MUtWS, 

. * . • JU.By. 

• • ■ . XI. sp. 

• • • • Mm, MM, 

• • * . XI* B^* 

• •• H.f. 

.... XXkSP. 

• . • . Xl.Sy. 
. • • • XI. By. 
.... Xx.^. 

• . • . XI. sp. 

.... xi.sp. 

.... xl,MM, 

.... Xl.lB. 

• « • • XI. By. 

• • • . XX>By. 
, , m , Xl.By. 

• • ■ • Xl.*By« 

• • • • XX. By. 

• • • . XX. By. 



MELHA'NIA, RELHA'NIA, Cal, obi, turbin, imbr, Flor, qf the disk androgynous, qfthe ray female. 

piagniB. B.R. prickly. lane. pang, hairy. ye/. 6. 8. C. B. S. 1820. G,^,Loamifpeat, 

cuttings, 
TEBBESFNAf VERBESFNA. Cal. double, Recep. paleaceous, Papp,awned, Flor, qf the ray 6, 

wing-stalked. alt.undnl.obt.decurr. or. 5.10. S.Amer. 1699. G.9* Light rich 

saw-leaved. opp.ov. lane. serr. rug. ye2. 7.10. Mexieo. 1803. O.f. loam, cut- 

OU-seed. opp.cord.lane.anipl.serr .ye/. 8. 9. E.Ind. 1806. S,^,tings if seeds, 

Ht^fakMrn w. Virginian. alt. lane. serr. wh, 7. 9. N.Amer. 1812. H.9* ' 

BVPHTHA'LMUM, OX-EYE, Cal,imbric, Recep, paleaceous, Papp, an obsolete rim, A-dented, 

tree. opp. lane. ent. smth. ye/. 5. 7. S. Amer. 1699. G,^, Sandy soil. 

heart-leaved, cord. serr. npp. ov. yel, 6. 8. HQngary.1739. H.f. divid, root, 

MicifBIUun. w. l¥iUow-leaved. alt. lane. serr. vill. ye/. 6. 10. Austria. 1759. H.9* 

UM. silky-leaved. opp. spath. obi. silky. ye/. 5. 7. Canaries. 1779. G.|^. 



■•«■• 



ORDER III. 

PRXJSTRANEA. Florets of the disk fertile, those of the ray neuter. 

BEUA'NTHUS, SUN-FLOWER, InvoLimbric, scaly, Recep, paleaceous, plane, Papp,2-leaved, 

Jlfaiimnii w. tall. alt. ov. lane. serr. yel, 7, 9. N.Amer. 1731. H.9. Sandy loam, 

iBgiMfilMi. ».M* narrow-leaved, alt. lin. edges re vol. ye/. 9.10. 1789. H.y. seeds, or 

w. dark-eyed. spatb.ov.cren.scabr. ye.pv. 7.10. ^— — 1732. H.9* parting 

2C 



SYNGENESIA POLYGAMIA FHUSTRANBA. 

Enelltb Form of 



dlfffima. D.M. sprendlni;. 
decap^lalus. w. lea-petaled. 
line&riB. b.h, Uncar-leaved. 
lenliculiria. b.r. freckled, 
petiolirii, B.FI.O.long-pelioled. 
pnb^sceai. b.h> pubescent. 
niBcropkyllus, w. large-leaved. 
tniiltiA6nj!i. 
laberdsus. v 



ov. obi. rigid i«(n<bup. ^I.T.10. N.Ajner. 1811. H.y. 

ov. acum. serr. yii.S.U, 1759. H.lf. 

Un. acut-enLhiapid. yel. a. 10. Mexico. 183>. B.^. 

Of.acum.i'ctr, liispld. ytl. 8. N.Amer. 1B3T. H.S. 

ov.alt.deiit.»CBbr.3-Dcrv.y<f. Arkansa. 1826. H.ft. 

opp.semi-ainpl.ov.lui.Bcr. yf.T.lO. N-Amer. 1795. H.f. 

ov. acum. 3-norv.5crr. yel. S.IO. 1800. H.^. 

niauy-flonered, cord.upp.ov.S-ner.jcabr. ge. 1597. H.S. 

Euberoui. cord, ov . upp. all. yel, B.lo, Braiil. 1017. H.y. 



tripterU. Pb. 
tincl^iii. B.M. 
vertidU&la. w. 



liirge-flovrered, elong. ov. deot bslrj. yd, N.Amer.lSSO. H.^.G"*^*^ 

iaijleavci. Ricep.paUacena. Papp.2-hvr3ii. i 

tripar.ser.iip.trir.lan.liD. ye.B.9, 1795. M.^, Sm^Mri 

ear-leaved. subiesg.ov.lan.cnt.up.ter.ye.S.IO, 1009. H.^. iftAi,0 

Ui^e-flowered. opp. stnlh.iipp. tem. yt.S.9. 1S2G. H.y. 

■pear-leaved. laDC. snith, eat. t/et. T. 9. Carolina. 1724. H.ff. 

three -leaTtHl. lanc.eiil.plnn.upp.tcrn. grl.8.10. N.Amer. 1737. H.p. 

twoH^loured. opp.pinn.lcafl.ov.alt. ^c.pu. 0.10. Arkansa. 1823. II.9. 

wbori-leavedi tern, in wliortii, pion. yil.T.lO.y.AmcT. 1759. H.9. 



COHEOTSIS, COREO'PSIS. hvol. dbl. 
B&rcB. S,R, goldi 

■nricul&ta. ^ 
grandlflora. 



nVDBECKlA.RVDBECKJA. huol.Katy. Rttfp.palta.cmical. Papp.Kilkai-loothtdrim. 
ample xiCAUa. Pb. item-clanpiDg. obi. lane. cord. nmpl.aerr. ytl. 7. 8. Loublan. 1793. H.9. LigU rii 
columniris. B.M. hlgh-crown'd. piai]iKif><Mit, svgni. lin, i/cf. 8, 9. N.Amer. 1BI1. H.^- 
fblgida. H.K. small bairy. obi. lane. dent, hiipid. 
hirta. hairy. apath. serr. hairy. 

IfrvigiitB. Ph. snootb-Eteoi'd. ov. lanc.acDm. enL 
iHciniita, Ph. jagged. pinn.Begiii.3-lob.up|). 

pinii4ta. B.F.o. wing-leaved. plnn. under blpart, 
trilAba. B.H. tbree-lobed. tHpart. upp. lane. 



ytl. 7. 8. lieo. 


H.B. 


!,«I.6.II. 1714. 


H.p. 


yeJ.7. 8. Georgia. 1812. 


H.». 


t|f. 7. 9. N.Amer. I&IO. 


H.». 


yet.6.9. 1813. 


H.». 


yel. 1099. 


H.9. 



ECHINACEA, ECHINA'CEA. l^tol.qf,. 



•»S" 



, Rectp. chaffy. Flor-ufdiikhermapk. 



heterophy'lla. b.f.r. varioua-lv'd. dt.Dbl.aca.paiidurif.gcT. pu. 9.10. Mexico. 1S2B. H.^. jteWf 

purpurea. D.D. purple. ov.dent. npp.lani:. ov, pN. 7.10. N.Anier. 1699. H.p. mif 

Rudb^cliia pvrjiirea, b.m. ttrii, w 

MroUita. u.D. late-flowered, elong. ov. dent. rou^. raLB.lO, 1816. H.^. j 

RudbickU teratina. a.r.c. 



>nieric4tiDS. D.D. Ameticau. obl.eDt.nJt.Beu.roacr. pv.r. N.Amer H.3. 

ENCeUA, ENCELIA. Iitvol.efntanytcttves,imbi. Fler.i^tktdUkUbHlar. Papp.atnt. 

hoary. ov. S-nerv. alt. hairy. yd. 7. 9. Mexico. 1786. G^, 5flNlj|| 



GYmtOLiyMA, CrMNOLO'MA. lanl. qf nuM/ Itavei. Rtttp. canvtx, paltactnut. P^r-O. 
micnUta. B.R. spolted-itolked.ov. lane serr. opp. yd, 6. 9. S.Araer. 1822. H.^ — 

TlTHO'NU,TlTUONIA. Intel. gUAaic. IUap.tmtix,Maly. PiWJX'UMtinu.i-itual. 
iti£6ra. ka. Safiiim-color'd. ov. line, snilh. cren. yd. 8. 9. W.Ind. 1891. S.|». — 



SYNOEKESIA POLYOAMfA FRUSTUANEA. 19S 

■p Wcmi Uc CD«llita Tonnur Cul.nf Monlh Native Vr.of iDllud 

J'rmfiantt-ihaptd, abarlnt. 
'fki^rfict,lubut.lUKiiflhe 

u{jntes. n>. siWery. ilowDy, lower pinn. yel, 7. B. Caadia. 1730. F.£. £tf AWoan. 

atrapnrpiirea. w. Jark-purple. lilpi^O'tlf. s^m. lin. pKT. 6. 8. Hunf;ai7.1Bl)3, H.p. ditiding af 

cntoU. W.en. obofate-leaved. obov. loolb. itaik. pur. S.Europ, 1816. H.^, rooti, or 

CddtnpB. W.V. CKoiuioD. pinnallf. ipiny, deat. f%r. T. B. Britiia H.9. uedt. 

Taebiii. W.en. FUcher's. obi. lane. tiH. ent. jmr. 0. T. Siberia. 181G. H.V. 

(hilifaDa. B.B. Woad-leaved. ent. decurr. t/il. 6. 9. 1T31. H.p. — 

InlrdL t. Jer»ey-star-lhistlyrate,roiig,toolh,BiDpl. ii«. 7. 8. Jersey H.jl. • 

Jtoa. K.B. Bmwn. liii.lanc.lDweroboT.deiit.}ni. T. 9. England H.f. 

attcns. w. ibining. piao. leafl. lin. mucr. pur, 7. 8. CaucaeaB.lsas. M.a. 

mrMeos. iwecl Sultan, lyrate, piniuitir. dent. yet. T.IO. Levant. 1683. H.9. 

KiUon. B.FU greater. pbtiatlf.scgm.lanc.roiig. cr. 6. S. BritUD H.)), 

Hlpburea. siilphar-color'd. lane, decurr. roug. dent. il. Podolla. 1815. H,3, — ^~ — 

nldiiiilu. E.FL yellow. lyrale.lobcsalt. y«I. T. 8. England H.a. 

QAZA'NIA,GAZA'NIA. Intol.(jflltnr,lhtlubenak(d,i>rc')vertdicUhUitfi. Rteep.nak. Fayy.tkaffy. 
ii|^ B.M. great-Soirered. tui.pliiBat.trhiLdDwiiben.y. fi. 9. C. B. S. 1755. G.^.teqfmmiU^ 

' Iixini, cultingi. 

BERCKHEi'A, BERCKHE'YA. CaLimbr. Rayn/cBrJicrmaph. Recep.chaffy. Papp.chaffy. 

tatkia, V. wedgc-sh^Kid.elt.obl.wedg.-Bh.deD.spiu.T'Jl. 6. 8. leia. 0.£. Sandy loam 

pmHOAt*. B.H. great-flowered. upp.lan.S-neriBptu.denl. yi. G.^.lflmfmniiiil, 

■lUn. w. aiiigle-flo«ered.alt.lanc.apinj, downy ben. ye. 6. 8. 1815. G.$. tuttingi. 

QAU'LA'tlDIA.GAILtA'RDlA. Inml. imbr. with many linear Uava. Recep. paiea. rounduh. 

■Mta. ■■■. losg-awned. apBth,deDt.upp.obl.eat. yel.7,10. N.Amer. 1811. H.)^. Saudi/ lotm 

Uetlor. H.M. two-colaured. lin, lane, ent, hairy, yel.red. Carolina. 17 87. HAfi.!; Itnf mould. 

acedi, or parting rool$, 

CVSMEAiCO'SiaEJ. Cat. double, B-parltd, Recep, chaffy. Papp.a-i-awiud. Seedi i-aidrd. 

B.H. tine-leaved. bii^DD.leafl. lin.mbnl. rw.lO.ll. Mexioo. 1804. G.]f.Saiuli/loamlf 
w. laaU-floviered. bipiun. leafl, filif. ich. IBM. H.S. Ui^mould. 



ORDER IV. 

POLtGAMIA NECESSARIA. Florets of the disk with stamens 
only, those of the ray with pistils. 

WBIVM, S'lLPlSWM. Cat. acaly,o/ many ltttve». Ruep.ohaffy. Papp. notch. Seedtobcor.compr. 
H.puiple -stalked, dent.; jf^m round. d.pur.T.IO. N.AJncr. 1812. H.{l. Sandy loam. 

lu-w. round-stalked, opp. BBM. perfoi. yel. 1705. H.(. dhidiag 

jagged-leaved, pinnalif.eot; Meinlialry.ycl. 7. !>. 1781. H.a. root, 

three-leaved. tcni.ov,dent.;«t«nO-sideU.y. 7.10. 1755. H.^- 

[ POLVIdNIAiPOLT-IUNlA. Co/, dil. outer i-S-Ieated, iniwrlO-koeed, Rcctp.ehaffy. Papp.none. 
TicdiEa. w. bioad-leaved. a-lobed.ncnt.lobesangtil.ye. 8.10. 1690. li.9 .Light ham. 



J 



E.1S6 



SYNGENE8IA POLYGAMIA NECESSARIA. 



En|U>b 



r.or 



Nune. LMTeiiac Floi'. «(F1. Cuiiniry. InUwi. Pfopniiia^e 

^ ARCTOTIS, ARCT'OTIS. Col. imbricated. Rtcep.briitly. Fapp.chaffg. FiTic.2-/iirr.alb<ak. • 

lyr«e,deiiL pubea. yel. i.l.C.a. S. 1T59. O.^.Saiidylimm, I 



■hE»y. lyrale,piiiDslit'.lioarj'beii 

three-coloured. Ijrate, repand. T-nerv.pu.ui. s, ; 



1812. 0.9. [ 

1794. G.lfi.part.a 



CHAPTA'LIA,CHAPTA'LIA. Rtttp.nak. Papp.capill. Fler. of tli^ rag dd^rrm.lhoititf the dUkbi 
ItBoentAu. woolly. ov.obl. enLdlveryben. frh. 6. 6. N.Anier. 1606. B.Jfi. Light m 

I dinifliiig' at n 

CALENDVLAfMARYGOLD. Ctd.^nuai^leatfa, equal. Recep.naked. Papp.none. 

dentieuliita. tootb.leaved. lane. acoL smth. J eat. yet. 6. 6. Barbary. IBil. F.^.Loam ^ It^i 



grunlnilolU. 
TragDS. B.H. 



G.lp.rmmU.cat- I 

G.S. (i>v(,or I 

partinentuA 

OSTEOSPERMVM,OSTEOSPERMUW. CnJ. i/nwuiy /mmi. Recep.iuk. Papp.none. Scedrma^l 



I. graHs-lcafcd. Un. tiearly ent. 
white- flowered, \\a. dent, pilose. 



llicildliimi. n 



Hcdiy-leavcd. 



obi. dent. Bngal.Knbr. y«f. 7. B. • 
t)bav.ierr.pubeB.;Br.spiD.|r. 2.10. ■ 



0.£.Laan^l^ 



alitUcrilbM. 



OTHaifNA, RAG-WORT. Col. many-parted. Recep.naked. Papp.a 

Atl1ana1ie.1T. Athanada-Uke. plan. fiUf. ^d.ll.ia. 1T9S. O.^.Ltamlf U^ 

Cheirifolia. d.r. Stock-leaved. alLspalh.Ianc.S-nerv.enLye. 1. Q. Barbary. 1T33. H.^. 

cotonopifolia. w. Buck's-liorn-ly'd .lone .ent. upp.sinuat.dent.^i. 7. 9. C. B.S. 1731. 0.£. catting*. 

ericoide«. w. Heath-leaved. Un. needle-shaped. yel, 7. 6. 1S15. G.£. 

GVMNO'STYLES, GYMNffSTYLES. Cal.^taaoyUara. IUetp.minu.alUtUvUt. Perk., 

e-lv'd.plau. leafl, Un. acut. gr. 4.12. S.Amer. 1812. H.fl. Sanig In 

W.^WI^VERIA,FLAVE'RIA. Partial Iniso.a-S-Pd.i-S-Jt'd.amm. tat. imbr.tubn. Pnpp.nane. RtctM 

n-leaved. Un. acul. npex MTr. yel. S.IO. Mexico. 18S5. H.^. Light 
^ Contray'erba. &.». broad-leaved, lane. 3-nerv. niucr.icrr. get, T. 0. Peru. 1T91. S.B. tetdt, 

parlittg 



ORDER V. 

[..POLYGAMIA SEGREGATA. Plants with several Jiotters, either 

simple, or compound, but with united tubular anthers, and eatS^ 

fiorei having iV.s own calyx, and all included i/t one generate 

involiicntin. J 

[ <BDERA,l£^DERA. Cat. maBy-fiourered. Cur. tvbular, hermapht. Rccep.chaffy. Papp.clu^y. 
pmllfer*. B.M. prolJfic-flow'B. ov. lane ciUat. recorv. yd. 9. 6. C. B.S. ITDt). O.^.L»aMlffi 

CASSrNIA,CASSl-NIA. htot-i-ltated. Flor.hcrmaphr. Rtcip.naked. Papp.ckaffi. 

a.B.R. jcllow.aow'd. lln.lanc.nmlU.Bland.bcn.y.J.fl. N.S.W.ieai. G.ft.PMt^li 
tabili*. D.R. aliewy. lunc. deciirr.woolly l>cn. iC.5,10. N.Holl. Q.l^jCitttjtfm 



8YN6ENE8IA POLYGAMIA SE6REGATA. 107 

KngliBh Form of Col.of Month Natire Tr-of Soil and 

Mane Name. Leavetyftc Flow. ofFl. Coantry. Introd. Propafatlon. 

ECHIN(yPS, GLOBE-THISTLE. Cdl.qf I flower. Cor. tubular, hermaphr, Recep. brittly. 

bm ni t i eni. Uangariao. pinnatif. spiny, down. loA. 8. 9. Hungary.lSSS. HJ9'Saudif loam. 

Dib6rieii8. Dahnrian. pinnatif.8pin.downyben. M. 7. 8. Persia. — H.9* fortiug 

Mrridof. horrid. pinnatif. spin. down. wh. — ■ 1817. H.ljf. rooti. 

Shro. B.M. small. pinnatif. smth. bl. Earope. 1570. H.^p. • — 

ipiii6siis. Ft Or. homy-headed, pinnatif. spiny. wh. Egypt* 1597. HJjf. n 

itrietos. B.M. upright. pinnatif. toothed, spiny, bl. 7. 8. Russia. 18S1. H.9* 



CLASS XX. 

6YNANDR1A. Stamens jLced upon the style^ or column^ above 

the germen. 

ORDER I. 

MONANDRIA. Stamen 1. 

lAnth. qf2 ceUs. 
(fRCHIS, O'RCBIS. Col. qfZ ovate, concave, ribb» leavee. Cor, ring. Pet. 2. Nect. with a spur behind. 

tttau Br.Fl. great brown. Lip3-par.dott.; JBroc.Yer.sh. 5. 6. England H.Jjf .Peat if loam, 

Uidna. Br.Fl. Lizard. LipS-par.spurshor.con.dbl. 6.7.— .... H.f. ormixed 

htiflHia. E.FL broad-leaTed. ov. acum. not spott. pur. Britain H.Jfi. with a little 

lH^gio6nia. b.f.g. long flat-spnrr. lancobtLabellmn 3-lob. pu, 4. 5. Barbary. 1815. U.9. lemf mould, 

■KoUta. E.F1. spotted. lancspott. lip 3-lob. w.orpu. C. 7. Britain H.^. or chalk. 

Br.Fl. early-pnrple. ellip. lane. shin. pur. 4. 5. .... H.9. seeds, or 

Br.Fl. Military. obi. acnt. lip 3-lob. pur. 5. 6. Switzeri. 1825. H.9. slips, taken 

MMi. £.Ft green-winged, lane. glan. not spott. pur, Britain H.9* off at roots, 

lOfiamldilis. E.F1. pyramidal. lane, chann. acmn. pur. 6. 7. .... H.9. 

pmaionicea. b.r. Butterfly. obl.ensif.obt.8pic.5-7-fld.pii. Naples. 1788. H.9* 

ipeetttNlis. B.C. remarkable. obov. obi. smth. wh.pu, — -> N.Amer. 1817. U.9. 

tephroi4nthos.Br.Fl.Mouk.Orchis.spik.shor.conic.Lip3-par.pa. 5. 6. England H.9. 

MtnlitB. En.Fl. dwf.dk.winged. lane. acat. not spott pur. — - .... U.9. 

CYRTOFODIUM, CYRTOPODIUM. Pet.5. Labell.^-lob.connec. with a Joint. PoU. masses 2,bilo. 

AadendnU. R.Br. Anderson's. lanc.elong. 3-nerv.3-fid.yf. 5. 8. W.Ind. 1804. S.9« — — -* 
Woodf6rdit B.M. Woodford's. lane, elong. Lip Yentric. pv. 10. Brazil. 1814. S.9. 

[Apex Z'lobed. Caps, Z^sided, 
SARCA'NTHUS, SARCA'NTHUS. Cor. qf5 pets. upp.t,obl. the 2 lower haifheart-shap. Labell.conc. 

frttititi. B.R. spotted-flow'd. lin.chann.imbric.recor.re.u7« 4. E.Indies. S.9- 

iHtrfitot. B.R. rostrate. lanc.flat^b-recunr.y.re.^r. 11. China. 1819. S.9* 



QyMNADBNIA,GYMNADE^NIA. Cor, ring. Lip spurr, at base beneath. Glands approximate, 

am&psm, B.Fl. fragrant bolb palm. Liptrifid^ent ro, 6. 7. Britain. .... H.TIf.LoaMif peat, 

i/reku eomdpsea. slips qf the 

roots, or seeds. 



? 



GYNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 



[ BRASSIA,BRA'SSIA. LabtU. undiriii. Pet.iprtad.diitinct. CotmKtereet. Paa.mmiM»t. 

long-tailed. a.obl.erecsnitb.iier.fr.y.re. 6, T. W.Ind. 1623. S.^. ■ - — 
ipoUed. taocncn. Sep^read.y<,r«, • — Jamuca. 1800. S.Jfi. 

CAVANTHE,CAL'ANTHE. Pcrimth. ^ead. Lip ipurr. lob. unit, ititk the cotumna. PolLtnai.^ 

ventrilolia. pldted-leiml. luicjicn.6{>il(.iniuiy-4'd.u'k. E. Ind. 1810. S.y. • 

EABENA'RIA, HABENA'RIA. Cot. gaping, i>fi-&pttt. Glaniio/the tlalktf polltnmauawikH, 

UUda. B.FI. white-Sow'd. ob1.iIm.spur.abt. Lip3-c1ef, Britaia H.y.£andy«Mi 

biftiia. Br.Fl, two-ltuved. obUmdi. Liplin.ent. tch. .... H.f. andpaC 

fimbriita. B.R. fringed. all. ku. obl.cDt k«el. ht. N.Amcr.lTT7. H.^.Kcib, 

I Accra. B.C. tarn. Spik.oM. li-pS-olef.aeg.dtg. 1S1H. H.)p. ingnttt. 

trideatita. a.B.r. three-toothed. Lipov.bluDt.3-toalli.spur.ir. S. 6. Canada. 1B19. H f. 

A'CERAS,«AH-ORCBIS. Col. 3 oo. cone. Imvml Px. S, iu Ion; oi 

iDthnip6pboTa, E,FI. green. Llp3-part.loDg.thangenD.fr. 6. England H.^.Loan^f* 

Ktdt, «r partimg tm 

'apt. iria. 
BERMINlUM,MUSIi-ORCmS. Cal.qf3oraU,,^rtad.laitei. Pet-ii-Utbed. Ntc 

UonlircliU. E.FI, greeD. 2,laitc.BlLacut. cone, gr.e.7. H.^.PtallfUt 

'Opkryi Mtmirchii. l. teedi^d 

Hfmtk 
'OPHRYS/OPHRYS. Cm.Ssprmd.rafr.Jeor. fV(.l,ir«. Na.fmv.ipurLrarvnulstotf. Ci^.il 

■pii'era. B.Fl. bco. LipreO.abontas longascal.;iti.s. ■■■ ■ H.^.Lom^fM 

aranlfera. B.FI. spider. hairy, round, 4-lobed. gr. 4, 5. .... H.p. mtxfd wtk 

atrala. b.r. dark- flowered, or. lane. glau. flat, d.pur. Rome. IS2S. H-V. a tUtIt 1^ 

l&tea. H.E.FI. jrellow-flow'd. OT.»eM.ecut.an.eDt. gel. S.Europ.iail. H.||. 

chalk, tttt; sr |Hirli^f nrifc 
aOH'ATEA, BON'ATEA. Car.i^bpeti.'rbig.upptTptt.vinMed. LabtlLfietliii,mxeqiiallyi-paritt. 

■pecifua. B.H. shewy. ov.und.amt.abo. rust.spot.g- u-. B, C. B. S. 1820. S.^. 

RENANTHBRA.RENAKTUKItA. Pirt.tpTead.ihwtrlin.iiom.mm!hlargtTlrmdiil. PtILm 
eMclnea. B.R. scarlet. lin. abl. notch. w. S. 5. China. 1816. S.^-Lfm^p^ 

GOODYB-RAiGOODrERA. Cal.qfioe.eol.Uat. Pcl.h^w. Na.tpurl. Gtr.ineur. SteiUmi 
dhcolor. B.R. tw«-co1aured. ot. obi. ent. pur, ben. trA.11.12. S.Amer. 1615. S.^.LtaM^fkt 
pabfKcni. H.K. downy. ot. acuL retic. mh, T. N.Amer.lsm. H.f. iwtrtr^JM 

prAcera. H.E.Fl. Ncpaul. lane. smth. ent. mh, 6. 7. Ncpaul. 1621. S.^. n-ri. 

tiidUia pricera. B.K, 

I vipent. E.FI. ecoq^ng. ot. smth. obt. loA. T. B. Scotland H.^. -■ 

[ PRESCOTIA,PR£acOTIA. Ptrian.tpreait.tvpp.KpaUunH.atbate. LiptyiniU.tntirt,Jlal^. 

pI)uitaglnit%i.H.Ei.Fl.PlBDt.lTd.abl. Bat, nerv. gr. 4. 8. Brazil. 1822. S.^. 

CATTLPYAjCATTLE'YA. PeTian.apreading. Lipnsiile,euciiUiile. PoU,iiuuiui,im3pairt. 
crispa. B.R. curled-petal'd. obi. Lidc. notch. wh.pur. 8. Trinidad. 182ft. S.p. LigU lid 
Forbtsii. B.R. Forbn's. obt obi. flat. (/eJ. T. 8. Brazil, 1B23. S-V- pral. A 
pniata. B.R. spoUed. obl.cODC.ap.itotch.abli. £-.|iu. 8. 1828. S.^. temnfiUm- 



h 



GYNANDRIA MONANDRIA. lOS 

BBillilt Kara <j( CDl^f Hnntli Nillvt Yi.Df gall uid 

nine. NwliF. Leaici.&c. Flow. ofFI. Coiiiitr|r. iBIiud. PruMfUton. 

inteniKdia. b.m. miildlG-siKcd. ov. liagul. fleiby,ciit. rat. i. Rio Jan. 1824. S.£, chideoutge- 

Loddig^L LiDd. Loddiges'. ellip.ent. Up3-lobcd. vio. ■ S.Am^r. 18IS. S.|l. niu vitt 

IhTKi tctU by having lluir ToaU arapiud up in mou, aiulliettlolfu 
steiHi if other woodg plants. 
nASBOPEA.STANBOPEA. Fman.ti>Ttai.Tefi. Pet.un\f. Ci>lum.ptt.-like,ni>leh. AHtk.2-cell. 

Ivory- lipped, ellip. obi. plicate, icfc.jpoff. 6. Rio Jan. .... S.Q. 

IGirEZIA,RODRtGUEZ!A. Periantk,qf4teua,ruig. LahtU. leparnli. Colum. 2-l«atluJ. 
-leaved, lane. cnl. smlh. pt. ^— Trinidad. 1824. S.p. Tur/j/ p«iU 



■jde-flowerinj. abLlancapex obliq.nolcli. r 



S.9. and HUM. 
dieidiTig at rod. 
BUSSSATOIaA, BRASS AY OLA. Periaa.S-par. LabeU.S-lab.udtlab.ov.cenlrelolm. PoU.iivuM.e. 

HegaiM, B.H. elegant. tn.awl-ab.chan.abo.Bmtb. ni. Antigoa S.9- 

tibercitUta.B.M. tubercnJated. cyl.awl-Bb.amth.iilnM.ani.ic.ir. G. BrazQ. 1828. S.^, 

SEirAPIAS,SER:APIAS. Fl.rin. Colum. paint. Lipspsri. PoU.moM.fix'dtBa gland iitclo.inlpoiteh. 
cordf^ra. A.H. heart-lipped, ensif. smth. Lip 3-parI. pur. 5. 6. S.Europ. 1800. P.^.f. Sandg Itam, 

UBgna.H.Ez.F. tongue -lipped. Ian. ensif. Li p3.part.mid.lo.r. 1761. F.A.^. aad;oT 

paTtingal roots. 
IflSA.DI'SA. Perian. spread. Inner lepali united to the column. Lipipurkis. Floui.ringeal. 
cotniLta. w. homed. 5pDrdefl.inn.aep.2-touth. bh. 6. 7. C. B. S. 1806, F.^. Sandy loam 

fnai\S6n. a.R. large-flowered, lane. acum. sheaib. <c. 7. 8. 1823. F.fl. and jieat. 

filif.ivur obtuse. bt.6.7. 1822. T.f.ilniding at 

i.n. green. flowered, spur obl.kecl'd, Liplin.acut. I81S, F.f. Tool, 

CATASETUM,CATASETUia. Ptriaaih, erect. LabeU. cancate. SepaU d^onntd. 

eriditnm. b.b, created. ellip . Ian. Lab.artLcreitgr.y. 8. 9. Brazil. 1824. S.^. Turfy paat, 

Ctaverlngi. B.B. Capt.Clavering's.lBnc.9mlh.alt.distant. i/.pu. 8.12. 1S23. ^.1$. ditiding at 

,M, tfaree-toothed. 0-10incb.long,lanc.kee1.ye. Trinidad. S.f. roct. 

WONIA.FOGONIA. Lipteuile,hooded,creil.i«iidc. Oca.3-corner. StpaU 5, idlhoul gUnds. 
■oides.B.n.Adder'ti-tongue.Lcaforicap.&brBCteaellip.G. 7. N.Amer. 1810. H.|). Sandy loam 

penduloui. ot. amplex. ; >Ubi aagul. pk, 1824. H.^. and ptat. 

offset I from bulbs, 
I MBEOPBIA, BVL'OPHIA. Pet.5,di>linct,>pread. Labelt. artic. at the base. Poll,inaases2,lf2-lob. 

pk. S.Leone. 1822. S.D. Sandy ptat. 

aTptop«ta]ii.B.H.twi5led'petal'd. 1 foot long,plic Jin. lane yeL C. B. S. 1822. S.!/). parl.alroot, 

ML'ETIA, BL'ETIA. Lipiesi.eucullate, Pet. 5, distinct. Colum. separate. Poll.maiaesSori,i2-lob. 
pallid. eiwf.; 5ip.obl,lan.obt.sprea, 3. 9. W. lud. ITWi. S.^. SimVy Jram 

I. hyacinth ioe. CDsif.Lipspurl. Poll.mau. 4. China. 1802. G.^. and peat, 

(.Ly.Tanker*ille'5.aT. lane. nerv. wh, 3. 4. 1778. S.fl. dividing at 

NIL B.M. Woodford's. spott. lane. pii. yi,or. .— Trinidad. I82D. S.Jfi. roots. 
eiuif. Sloth, nerr. pur. 9.10. W. Ind. 1783. S.p. 



aU'WlUai, ORNITB-IDIU/a. Sep.(onniei»g, lipkeod. PtU. 

nm.H.E.Fl.acariet. long,flow.axLll.;ilin.bulbif,<f.l.l2. 

Q jwt M iiiHt coteinmm. a.m. 



J\ir rowed at bate. 
.790. H.9.Tnrfy peat, 




200 gynan'dria monandria. 

Sfstemtic Engllth Form of CoLoT Month Natire TMf SoU 

Name. Name. LeareBy&c. Flow. ofFl. Coantrj. laCrod* 



VA'NDAfVA'NDA. Cwr,qf5petM. Lamina Z-lob. at apex, Cdum. obttue, PoU. 

Ro3Lb6rgliii. Roxburgh's. obl.oblLsm.apexS-den.ir.pii. 1.12. China. 1810. 8.9* 

rand S OMgleMm 8cc4§ jmc& 
NE^OTTIAf LADIES'-TRACES. Cal. Z concave leava. Pet.2. Nect.JUiy^pnrUu. Cap9.qft /Mrrwwt, 

aphyHa. B.jf. leafless. JBrac.lin.lan.pubes. re.gr. Trinidad. 18S6. 8.1$. Smmif Umm 

c^imia. H.K. nodding. lane. 3-nerv. sheath. wh, 8.10. N.Amer. 179G. H.9- ^^^ f)MC» 

grandifldra. b.m. large-flowered, lin. obi. glau. striat. gr, Brazil. 1825. 8.9* aeeiCf, tr dl- 

qiirilis. E.F1. sweet. ov. acut glan. ^.ir^. 8. 9. Britain H.9- fridiag r mit, 

^Ophr^i, spMltM, B.B. — .«. 

qiecidsa. H.E.F1. shewy. ov. lane, ent smth. sc. 5. 6. W, Ind. 1790. 8.9. 

rpolUnmmumX 
CORYA'NTHESfCORVA'NTHES, Pet. Z, spread, re/l. Colum.round^2-tootkedatba9e. Apextnme. 

macol&ta. b.m. spotted-lipped, lan.ner. Rae.niany-fl'd.y.p«.6. 7. Demerara.1828. 8.9* — — — 



C(EVOGYNE^C(EVOGYlSE. Cor.upreading. LabeU. 9essae, convolute. Pet. Mkori, Umb t la M , 

fimbri4ta.B.R. fringed. binate, obi. lane. $t. 9. China. 1884. S.ljf.Petd^htau 

macal&ta. spotted. lane, plicat. 3-ncrv. st Brazil. 1831. 8.9. jMrtnvit 

Dftida. shining-leaved, obi. lane. shin. yel £. Ind. 1822. 8.9. rnii, 

WaUfcbiaMf. Dr. Wallich's. lane, coloured. pur Brazil. 1831. 6.9* — 



lewelling at the 6ase, contracted in 
EPIPA'CTIS^ HELLEBORINE, Cal.Z ovate equal leavee. Pet. 2, the length qftke calyx. Nut. 

efMiloUju E.FI. narrow-leaved, lane. acum. alt. wh. 6. Britain H.9* Ptait 

fnmdlfldnL B.FL large-flowered, ellip. lane. sess. wh. — — .... H.9* dicidimg 

hft fiiH, B.FL broad-leaved, ov. amplez. plait. gr.pur. 7. 8. .... H.9« rss<fc 

paUistris. En.Fl. marsh. lane, ainplex. smth. wh. >— .... H.9. -^.~ 

pafpurata. E.FI. purple-leaved. ov.lanc.pur.upp.lin.lan.y.^. 8. England H.y. ■ 

rhbtn, EelVL purple. lane, erect. Lip acute, pur, 6. 7. .... H.y. — .^-. 



[2orA-lobed. Cape, ribbed. SetdMi 
LISTBRA,TWAY'BLADE. Cal. of Z spreading Uatee. Pet. 2^ spreading. Neet. nearly JUi, $pmrUmf 

eoffdita. B.Fl. heart-leaved, opp.cord.; s^iii.angul. gr.br. Britain H.9* Light Imm 

ovita.En.Fl. common. ov. ellip. opp. ye.gr. 5.0. .... H.9« a»4 pmL 

Nidas-Avis.E.Fl. Bird's-nest. stm.cloth.withwhitishscal.6r. .... H.9- jwft* f^alit 

[Masses qfpoUen 4, placed am the 
MAVAXI8, BOG-ORCBIS. Col. qf Z oblong leaves. Nect,spurUss,concaveattheim»e. Anih. 



lUiifoUa. B.M. lily-leaved. 2,ov.lanc.scap.3-8ided. pa.fr/. N.Amer. 1758. H.^*^ 

pfl]ad6ta. B.FL least. 4-5,8path.conc.apexroug. jT. 7. England H,9. weedtfOr^ 

9€t9jT9SMT9tm9» 



[Caps, ellip. obing. Qadu 
CORALLORRBIZA, CORAL-ROOT. Col. qfZlanceo. leaves. Nect. spurless, the Updigktiy t Med. 



indUa.E.Ft spurtess. ov.scal.lan.;stm.6-12in.high. 6. 7. Scotland. ..•• H.9* 

seeds, or dipefreem fvtte. 

DENDEOBWM, DENDROBIUM. Lip spurUss, artic. with the colum. PoUmmsaeeA, pandU. 

*«mulum. B.M. small-clustered. ov.obLent. Race.term. g.re. N. S. W. 1823, G.9* Sarndg peed* 

cttcullitnm. b.m. hooded. kinc. acum. ent. frA. 3. 5. E. Ind. 1815. 8.^ dhrid&sig «t 

Unguifdrme.Sm.E.B. tongue-Kd. sess. ov. ligul. w.st. 6. 8. N. 8. W. 1810. G.9« 

monUiforme.B.R. Neckl.-stem'd. obi. obliq. notch, obt ros. — — China. 1822. %4b* 



OYNANDRIA MONANDRIA. 



201 



Bagllth 
Maoie. 



Form of 
Le«Tef»Ac. 



CoLof Month Native Tr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Coantry. Introd. 



Soil ind 
Pro|W(ation. 



ip€ci6wnn»8iD«E«B» ilicwj* 
•ee^ndnm. b.r. oneHilded. 



OT.obl.; «tm.erec. Sep.obl.pK.' 
obi. obliq. smth. yel* ■ 



-N.S.W. 1801. 6.9. 
— Samatra. 1828. 8.|^. 
ifi^leos. B.B. dingy-cokmred. lanc.plicsnb-S-nerr. y.br, 6. 7. Rio Jan. 1822. 8,9, 

EPIDETNDRUM, EPIDETNDRUM. CUum. united wUh the claw o/tke lip. PoU. mauesi. 



two-edged. lin. lane. smth. gr. 8.10. W. Ind. 1820. 

w. aMl-flowered. bliiate,obl.niith.ttriat. d.pK. — • 

B.R. pointed* in S's, erect, coriac. yeL 6.10. — 1808. 

.«. fringed. keel. obi. obt wk, — 1790. 

B.M. fword-leaTed. en8if.raith. Petlanc y,gr, -»— China. 1780. 

B.if« sweet-scented. lan.Scap.many-fl.Lipoor.y.^.lO. W.Ind. 1778. 



H.E.F1, nodding. 
■■hilMtiini B«B« umbelled. 



OT.lan.ampl. Lip3-lob. ^.6.7. 1794. 

obi. somewhat notch. gr. Jamaica. 1703. 



S.9. Tur/y peat^ 
S.9. or Most, til 
S.9* coeoa-nuU^ 
S.9* 4r arranged 
S.^* f^ ^ ttunp 
S.9. qf a tree, 
S.9* parting ai 
S.^* roois. 



TANFLLAfVANrLLA. CaLqfSleaveM^epreading, Lip united at bau with eolum. Cape, fleshy. 

B.K. aromatic. ot. obL ner?. wh. 6. 8. S. Amer. 1739. S.9* Sandy peat. 

A.B. fragrant* obi.lanc.flat,sab-striat. wh. 4. 6. W. Ind. 1800. S.^.$lipsqfroot$. 

ONCFDIUM, ONCFDIUM. Lipexpan.lob. Pet. spread. Colum.wing. PoU. mat$eM2y if 2-lob. behind. 



w. tan. 

uB«M« two-lioiied. 
iBwikitum. b.m. spreading. 
B.U. Batteilly. 
B.B« hiridi 
m. Olhre-gieen. 



8ep.5,lon.thanlip.Scp.pan.y.8. 9. 1793. 

bina.lin.lan.coria. ye.spott. Brazil. 1830. 

thick^fleshyyOv.obtmuc. ye. 1826. 

OT.entspottspread. ye.pu. 4. 6. Trinidad. 1823. 

ellip. oU. acat. gr.wpott. 3. 4. 1818. 

lanc«nenr.sotit.plait. br.re. — ~ Brazil. 1824. 



S.9. Tur/y peat. 
S.9. part, roots. 
S.f. 

S.*. 

S.f. 



FERNANDETSIA^FERNANDE^SIA. Lip erecZ-lo. tuber. Caluin.wing. Anth.2'CeU. PoU.mass.2, 
B.C. beantifiil. ranked, ot. obi. obt yel. Trinidad. 1822. S.9* 



LacfeUrlM ikgans. b.m« 

eONGORA, GONGiyRA. Pet. t, spread, the 2 inn. smaOeat. Colmm.elon. Lsbell. stalk. PoU.mass.2. 
I.M. shewy. 2,UnJan.sabplic.bas.atften.y. — -> BraziL 1827. S.9* Sandy peat. 



en. green-pnrple. lan.acam. Labell.elon.g^.pti. 



S.9. parf. roo^f. 



MAXILLA' RI A, MAXILLA' RI A. Perian. spread, resupin. CohtM.pubes. PoU.nuus.2,cl^atback. 

^B•B. large-flowered, snb-tem. obi. nerv. gr. 6. 8. W. Ind. 1790. S.9«P«<|' 4* l^'"'^* 

u B.if. Mrs. Harrison's.8oUt lane. pUc yel.br. Brazil. 1820. S.9« seedsfi slips 

MkCriL B.;4. Parker's. lan.Ungul. Brac.imbr. w.pii. W.Ind. 1826. H.lff. from roots. 

raceme-flower^g.lanc.3-nenr.reflez. ye. — Brazil. — ■ 




i.^. 



B.B. fonr-comered. ol>l. lane. plic. solitary, g.pti. 



1827. 8.9. 



nOOPSTTALUM, ZYGOPE^TALUM. Pet.equ.unit. at base. Lip notch, at apex. ColuM.half round. 

Mr. Macka/s. lin. lane, striat. gr.bL 1825. S.'^^Peat 4r loam. 



l.iB* 



rostrate. 



distich, lane, striat. gr.br. Demerar. 



seeds f or 
parting roots. 



UTYRIVMfSATYRIVM. Perian.ring.qfSleqfl. LabeU. large, ked^d at the back. Ger.6,Hbbed. 

I.F.O. leather-leaTed. of. acnt cren. npp. yel. 5. 6. C. B. S. 1819. F.9. Sandy peat 
flesh-cokmred. orbic.nerv.red at apex, car.^7. 9. ■■ ■■ 1828. F.y. and loam. 

parting roots, or seeds. 
2D 



F 


GYXANDUIA DIANDRIA. ^^^| 


1 


ORDER U. ^^H 


■ 


DIANDRIA. Stamens 2. 1 


^^^1 Srilcniitic 


Eu|ll>li Fnrnior coUf Hoath NaliTt Yr.or MI9 


H 


Name. LciiFi.&c. riow. orFJ. Coaulry. iDlrwI. FispaM 




rN«cl..n.rIr«.,»Mi 


^^f CYPRiPBDWM,lJLDIE^-SLlPPER. Cal. t^ I iprtadi»g cahnrtd Uacei. Ctr.qfitwifpim 


■ Cfllciolas. E.FI. 


common. ov. dt.Brapl.downy. yd. 6. 7. Engtend H-K. tijU 


hlimile. B.F.c. 


dvfBrf. obLov.vill.onbotliald. jm. N.Amcr.lTSC. H.fl. a«i| 


macrinthos. B,N 


large-flowered. ov.attcn.Btbase^triat. pu. Siberia. IS29. H.]). dirU 


pubfscen.. B.F.G 




parvitloram.B.f 




BpeetSbile. n.c. 


wMte-petnled. ot. ampl. acul. plic. tt*. 0. T. 1731. H.(p. — ■ 






^^^L Tentric6aatn.B.F 


G.TcDiticose-a'd.ov. pubu. anipl. pur. Siberia. 1S29. H.^. — 


^B STVLIDIVM, 


STVLIDIVM. Cal.2-lBbed. C«r.irrtg.i-cttjt. Anth.l-ii.bed. Ci^.2-tillid, 


~ adn.tun...«. 


adnale. lin.marg.revoi.; j/™.6tria.pfe. 5.10. N. Hull. 1824. G.ft.PMtl 


froHi'Osum. 


slimbby. lio. decnrr..roth. tch. 1803. G.£.«iM| 




fascicled. lin.aciit.si»k.pedun. irA.jtft. IB31. 0.3. M 




R-grsH-leayed. lin, lane. dent, rigid . ro,. 4. 8. N. S.W. IBOS. G.». — ■ 


hJraOtum. b.m. 


hairy. lin.edecsrevol. Sep.halr.ro. fi. N. Holl. IB3I. G.*. ^ 


, «^»..... 


fine-lea»ed. lin.scM.pilone, ro».6.10. 1818. G.*. 

climbing. lla.chanii.iiiucr.whotl. rot. tBOS. G.*. ■ 


k 


ORDER III. ^ 


^V 


HEXANDRIA. Stamens 6. 1 




[C,v.ofOcttU,t^flJM 


^^P ARISTOLffCHlA, BlIiTII-WORT. Cal. e/lU<(f,labul. CW.O. Gf r. ang'uf . 5(y.«*M1, JH»^H 


^ ..h.,^™.,. 


tree. cord.laac.itmlli.snt. pu.ife. 0. T. America. IT37. 0.£. £<(l^| 


ClemaUOs. «.b. 


common. cord, enl, curiae. p.yt. 5. 8. Eaglaod H.f. Iq^H 


eaod&la. 


llvid-Howerad. rcnir.3 lob.npp.S-part. br. Brazil. 1838. S.^.W. dMM 


Bb&c. i>.». 


giadcau. ci>rd.ov.oLl.glauc yeJ. 0. 8. Karboiy. 1785.0.^^ !!■«■ 


bbiiM. 


great.lipped. orbic.renif.cord.amp.p.yr.y. Braril. 182l.G.i-rl. M 




1 SIpto. B.M. 


broad-teaTed. cord. acat. .roth, eel, bh. 6. 7. N.Amer. lT63.H.*.fi. M 






^^H trilobAU. 


three-lobed. cor.S-lob.imth.lob.obt. y.br. Surinara.lSSS.S.*.*!. 1 



MONCECIA MONANDRIA. 



203 



CLASS XXI. 

HONQBCIA. Stamens 8f Styles in separate flowers on the same plant. 

ORDER I. 



MONANDRIA. Stamen 1. 



EngUsh 
Nime. 



Form of 
Leaves, ftc. 



Col.of Month Native Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. lutrod. 



Soil and 
Propagation. 



\hy many barren floreU. Nect,^ or 5. 
tOFBty RSI A, SPURGE, Cal.O. Cor.O. Inf>ol,$w€Uingyqfmany spread, leaves, Flor, l^ surramnded 

IIBniiriflidei.E.FLAliiioiid-leaY'd.oboT.laDC. hairy ben. st, 4. 6. England. ,,,, HJjf. Sandy loam 
[.B.F. Coliiuu-leaved. opp.8obrotan.notch.ent tr^. 6. 7. S.Amer. 1690. S.|b* and peat. 



E.FL upright 
x«B« Cypress. 
E.F1. dwarf. 

Hsw. nine-angled, 
(lih. B^. leafy. 

IMvfiuEJPL Iriah. 
%Mita.W.eo.Hamboldt'8. 
lii^jit. s.p. Caper. 
JHMBmiia. a.r« Melon-like. 
Mnifiya. DC Oleander-1'd. 
E.FL 



lane, downy^ ent ye.pu. 4. 6. England, 
lin. ent smth. yel, 5. 7. ■ 

lin.lan.snith.of1tentninc. gr, Britain. 



H.^. CHttingSy or 
U.2I. offsets. 
H.fl. 



Portland. 



iStfinO-angl.prick. Br.pend. 6. 9. C. B. S. 1790. G.^^. 

obi. lane. ent. gr, 5. 6. Britain H.^. 

obtse8S.ent.2-3-in.long. yel. 6. 7. Ireland H.Tjf, 

OY.obl.acutentsmth. wh. 7, 8. S.Amer. 1809. S.fl. 

opp.4-ranked,cord.atba8.^. 6. 9. England H.B. 

^temglob.leafles.angl. yel. 5,7.C.B.S, 1774. G.J^. 

obl.;tfemangu.warted. red. India. 1690. S.|b* 

oboT. ellip. obi. imbric yel. England. ... 

lin.obov.8n]th.spread. yel. 6. 7. Britain. 



H.9. 

H.y. 

s.ib. 

S.S>. 

H.9. 



scariet-flower'd. lane, coneat. glauc. 8c. 1. 9. Jamaica. 1778. 

f. shewy. obl.apath.mucr.entsmtb. «c. 6. Madaga8.l826. 

Haiw. three-flided« jS<m.erec.prickl.jolnt gr. 4. E.Ind. 1768. 

Fidu Ural. lin. acorn, smth. ent. y.wh. 7. 8. Ural. 1821. 

[Cor.O. Ger.many, 
ABTOCARPUS, BREAD-FRUIT, Male, a cylin. catkin. Pet.2, Fila.longascorol. Female col. 

troe. l-2or3fl.long,ov.altlob.^r. S.Sealsl.lTOS. S.^, 

B«M« entire-leaved. obo.obl.Amtent.8cab.ben.^. E.Ind. 1778. S.|b* 

[pcate. Cor.O, 
^ARTNAfCASUARTNA. Mas, catkin JUif. Ca/.2-va2v. Cor.O. Fern, catkin globu. Cal.scalt 

two-styled. Bran.erecroond Joint.6r.r#. 8. N. S. W. 1812. G.J^. 

w. Hone-tail. Bran.roond|flacc.joint br.re, S.Sealsl. 1798. S.|b* 

knott-flowered. BraB.4*8ided, jointed. br,re, 1818. S.|&. 

P.8. foor-valTed. Jnn.bran.flaccgoint br,re, N.HoU. 1812. G.J^. 

cork-barked. Dicecioos braochl.flacc.6r.rtf. — N. S. W. 1772. G4b* 




ORDER !!• 



TRIANDRIA. Stamens 2-3. 

TJTPH A, CATS-TAIL, Catkins hairy, in round crowd, spik. Anth,ZyUnit,intolfilam. Ssedstalked 

angBftildlia. b.f. narrow-leaved, lin. chann. above. 
E.FL broad-leaved, lin. ent tapering. 



br. 6. 7. Britain. .... H.tr.y. 
br, I ' ••..ji.to.^. 



2D2 



1 


^ 


^ 


H^™ 


^1 




■ 


1 


tu 


MONG'CIA TRIANDRIA. 




n 


■ 




Eii:ii]h 


Foniiur Col.of Month Nitln Y 


.of 




1 


f '-■ 




Le.vt6,«c. n«w. 


tPI. Coaoaj, Inl 


ISliw 


I, rarely i. 


■ 


f aPiRGANIVM, BUR-REEL 


. Fhv.nlhe. in TBUJid dense hiad,. Col. <tf iUate,. CV.O. 


Ger.ovali. 




n&tins. Br.FI. 


floaltog. 


lin. shin. flat. icA. S 


T.England. .. 


.H.».». 


■ 




rsmdsuin. e.F. 




trian.atbaK^dcBCOnc. irh, — 


— Britain. .. 


.H...». 


1 




■implex. B.B. 




KriaB.Hiha>e^<le»(lM. <ch. - 


.. 


.H.,.». 


i 


■ 


L 






fn 


barren. Cor.->f\U^. 


■ 


1 CAREX, CAREX. Ctttkinimbric. CaLqfbarrnJl.aUiiiet'iltttp.icali. Car.Q. 


FtTt.fl. 


Cal.iamif 


■ 


f •cfib^B.Fl. 


Blender-spiked 


broad,roilg. Fr.elU.ltig.a.ii. - 


.. 


.H.w.a. 


Sandg Mil, 


n 


' ampulUci!!. B.F1 


.lender-beaked 


.giBucacQt. Fr.inflat. tt. S 


6. -. 


. H.D. 


andpM. 






narrow-lea Ted 


lin.cbann.BCUt. Fr.ov. br. - 


— Scotland. .. 


. H.». 


TkU «««. 




■rcDiria. E.FI. 


■and. 


flat. Stmangn.npik.obl. br. 6 


T. Britain. .. 


. H.». 


oM,lribe<^ 




atrfita. E.FI. 


black. 


broBd,erec.5tria.Fr.comp. bk.- 


.. 


. H.». 


Gr«,«,.rt 




BxiUids. E.F1. 


axillary. 


Spikl.iesi.remo. fr.ov. br. 5 


0. England. .. 


HH. 


eadily i«- 




binfm*. E.FI. 


green-ribbed. 




0. Britain. .. 


. H.». 


m«Md bf 






tufted-bog. 


Un.crect,sheath.O. yr. B 


6. .. 


. H.». 


parting ■( 




capUlarU. B.FI. 


CapillBiy. 


halfa. lon.a.the .tem.Fr.tria.- 


.. 


. H.». 


her«,t,ad 




dMUMtii.a.E.F 


dwarf-ulvery. 


chann.rig. Fr.obo.trian. wft. 


5. . .. 


. H,». 


™y^H™ 




cfirw. B.FI. 


while. 


5pifcJ.a,ellip.alt. Fr.ellip.w. 


6. .. 


. H.«.|»r/«t«rri^ 




DsTBlluns. E.FI 


Davnll'e. 


^pife.iHnip. Fr.oT.triau. br. - 


— — .. 


. H.p.ifft*r.ij(*q» 




depauperiia.B.Fl. .tarvcd-wood. 


roug.oaedg. Fr.tti»a.ita. g. 6 


T. .. 


. H.». 


mcyUmm 




dlgil&U. B.FI. 


fingered. 


FfTl.jpilE.S-tn.lon. Fr.down. S 


6. England. .. 


H.,. 




diolo.. B.FI. 


dliecious. 


Kietim. Slip.»brap,Stig.2. - 


— Britain. .. 


. H.». 




iiitaoM. B.FI. 


loOMf. 


flnljau. CatklnselHp. 6r. 6 


7. .. 


. H.I). 






dWUa. B.FJ. 




llD.»heatb. Sdn.trian. Fr.ang J 


T. .. 


. H.«. 






diTdlsB. E.FI. 


divDisa. 


Spifc.elon.lli-in.lon.Fr.ov.K'. 


8. .. 


. H.(. 


■ 




dongftta. E.FI. 




long, chann. tir.gr. S 


6. England. .. 


. H.». 






eiUnaa. E.FI. 


long-bracled. 


liD.chann. fen..pik.>eM. gr. 


6. BHtaio. .. 


. H.». 






filirfinnla. B.FI. 


itender-leav'd. 


lin3ml.chan.Spik.0v.Fr.rib. 6 


T. .. 


. H.«. 


i 




FraMriaDa. x.ic. 


Froser'B. 


obl.lan..ralb.edge.™nE.»T. i 


a. N.Ainer.l809. H-lp. 


• 




Aiva. B.FI. 


yellow. 


rihb.bniad.n»i.trian.imt.tr«. 5 


a. Britain. .. 


. H.». 


^ 




ftlTa. E.FI. 


tawny. 


flat,lan.fert..plk.obl.remo.(«-.a 


T. .. 


. II.ll. 


. 


. 


hina. B.FI. 


Imiry. 


erect,baii7. Stm,2 fl.hi|ih.l.r.- 





.. H.e. 






iiK&na. E.FI. 




Iin.acut,cbanr. Fr.ov. tr. T 




.. H.e. 






inleraiMia. B.FI 


.oft brown. 


Sliffltriaa. f^fc.obl.crawd.b S 


T. Britain. . 


.. H.». 






tKvigita. E.H. 




ereotria. Catkins cylin.r-.S 


a. . 


.. H.D. 






Umdsa. B.H. 


green. 


narr .fertile. Spifc.obl.pea.j,*. 


6. .. 


.. H.». 


. 


, 




flat^mlh. F*rl.ipi*.renio.ff. 


I.Scotland. .. 


. H.«. 




^ 


. luuricita. B.n. 


greater prickly. SyiM.».tO,sa». f r.ov. br. 5 


6. Britain. . 


.. H.I). 




■ 


L Oedj'ri. E.FI. 


Oederian. 


SheaHuibar. fert.calk.roun. 6 


T.England. . 


.. H.». 




■ 


1 MilU. B.FI. 


oval-ipiked. 


Sliii.lft.higli,lrian.Sptfc.0.ff. - 


— Britain. . 


.. H.». 


1 


■ 


f pall^eiu. B.FI 


pale. 


5ikM.*carcl.any,fert.plk.obl.- 


. 


.. H.». 






pa1ud6«. E.FI. 


leMer. 


broad.roug. Fr.ov.triao. bk. - 


. 


..H...». 






panWa. B.FI. 


piok-leaved. 


glau. roug. Fr.imib. bk. - 


. 


.. H.». 


-i 






Kreat-puniclei 


A(m.a-3ft.higb,S-Bng. Fr.ov.- 


— England. . 


.. H.». 








few-flowervd. 


2-)-theath.chBnn.abov. il. 


C BrilMn. . 


.. H.». 


— 




ptndula. B.FL 




1 arg. fe rt. splk .I0D . pe .smt. f .- 


, 


.. H.|l. 


— 




ph«<MUchyk.B.FI.tli.-bntwn-iiHk. SA.thor.than flow. -rial ki. br. 


Scotland. . 


H.B 






Irilullffra. E.F1 


round-beaded 


Fr. trian. dovmy. br. 4 


. i. Britain. . 


.. H.« 







prico^. B.FI. 


venial. 


keel.rong.ribb.Cd(;i.cllip.il. 


. 


.. H.» 


■ 




P«udo-cji)*ni. 




, 


.. U.f 


■ - -■ 




pulielrU. U.FI. 


Fl™. 


triwi.C(il.!leii.fl.iinip.lb«i r. 




.. tLt 


4 


u 












^ 


^M 


^^^^^^^1 


^^^^H 




^^^^^1 




^^^H 



MONCECiA TRIANDRIA. SOS 

tyitautlc English Foim of CoLof Month Native Yrof Soil and 

NHnc Nimc. Lenvet,Ac. Flow. ofFl. Coantry, Introd. Propagation. 

ptih.£.FL nuKl. i9A.0.fert8pik.OT.obt. Fr.eU. 4. 5. Scotland H.^. 

nrifl6n. E.F1. loote-flowered. F«r.catk.laz.pend.Fr.obo.6. .... H.9. 

icn^ta. E.FI. remote* StM,ltL\ugh,Spikl,Teoio. w. Britain H.9« — — 

redinra. B.F1. ghraoom. broad^ca.fert.catk.cyl.pen. — — •••• H.p. ■ 

rfgida. E.FL rigid. shortthanstenMyUn.kui. bk. • . . • H.9* •— — — 

ripMk E.FL great-Gommon. broad,roog. S^/nlcerect. bk, ....H.tff.S* — — 

HedfiUL Rye. lin.6atyfert.catk.cyl. br. Europe. 1880. H.^. ■ 

ilrfeta.£.Fl« straight-leaT'd. erecshorttlianstem. Fr.elli. Britain H.9. *- 

tfdhd&tiL £.Ft little-prickly. SpUcL 3-4, alt. Fr.ov. br. .... H.9. ■ ■ 

9drait4cliya.B.Fl.dense8hort-«pi.5femtrian.smth.Fr.ov.trian. .... H.9* ■ 

melM&rpB. B.Fl. dotted. ereclin.lan.flat. Fr.obo. br, Scotland. .... U.9« ■ ■ 

Mrifteu B.FL loose. large glaa.fert.catk.droop. g, — — .... H.9» ■ 

ayMllca. E.FI. pendaloiii-wood.Stoi.smth.trian.Fr.ov. gr» Britain H.f. ~— . 

liBflB.£.FI. slender-beaded. 5/>iJkl.S,remot. Fr.ellip. br, Scotland H.9. — . 

tmll6iciila. B.Fl. leaser-panicled. iSfiii.l-ift.high. Fr.Bmtribb. Britain H.^. 

£.Ft downy-fruited. jStoi.trian. Fr •roond,down.g'. .... H.^. - 

B.FL 80orchedAlpine.5fm.S-4-in.high.Fr.trian.6le. Scotland H.9. . 

E.FL sbort-spiked. Sim, 2 ft. high. Fr.OT. bk, BritaUi H.9. 

B.FL greatprick.-spi. 5<iii.2fthighytrian.Fr.rib.g'. .... H.^. 



[outer 8cali. Cor.O. Seedl^naked, 
MOBReSIAf KOBRE^SIA. Cai,o/barr, /I, a slightly concateteaU. Cor.O. Ft7a.S. Fert,Jl, Cat. am 



compoond-head. lin. Spik, 3 or 4, alt gr, Britain H.^. 



COMPT(yNIA^ COMPTiyNIA, Malecatkin, Cor. qf 2 pet. Fern, cor. qf 6 pet. Sty, 2, Nut ovate, 
wp j cnifaia . Fern-leaved, obi. hmc. sinuat br, 8. 4. N Amer. 1714. H.^, 



BERNAIfDIAyJACK'IN'A'BOX, Mas, cai, t-part, Cor,qfZpet, Fem,cal,trunc,ent, Cor, 0/6 pet, 
w. peltate-leaved, pelt. smth. wh, W.Ind. 1693. S.J^. — 



TCone ovate, 
CUSNINGHA'MIA, CUNNINGHA'MIA, Mas. catkin scales imbric. Fern, catkin obov.iaUsimbric, 

Ineeolita. b.m. hince-leaved. lin. lane, cuspid, vill. ye, China. 1804. U.|^. 



ORDER III. 

TETRANDRIA. Stamens 4. 

AVCUDA^AV'CVBA, Male cai, A-tooth, Pet, A, Fern, col. A-tooth, Pet. A, Sty, short. Nut ovate. 
p^dniauu Japan. elUp. lane blotch. piu Japan. 1783. H.|^. 



.»..^»»,,. «„ « ^ [Cor,l-cl^t, Nect.qf\cell,singU'Seeded, 

UTTORErLLA, SHORE-WEED. Col. qf the barr.flor. A ov, leaves, Pet,l'A'cl^. CaLqf/ert.Jtor.O. 

lK4rtrif. Plantain. Un.chann.ent3-4in.long.jT. 6. Britain H.9. 



l^Seed single-polished. 
VRTFCA, NETTLE, Barr,flor. Cal,rfAamcav€Uaxu. Pet.O. Fert,fl. Cal, 2 unequal Uaves, Cor.O. 

tecdfera. B.Rep. berry-bearing, alt. cord. dent, prick. gr. .,., S.Amer. 1793. S.|^. Sandy loam. 

cuunbfna. w. Hemp-leaved. opp.3-partent.pinnatif. gr. 6. 7. Siberia. 1749, H.9. cuttings, or 
dfiftti. w. ciliated. opp.obl.3.nerv.8err. gr. ^— Jamaica. 1815. S.Jb, seeds. 

pUnlifen. E.FI. Roman. opp. ov.terr. gr. England H.ft. 



M0 MOVCECIA TETBANDRIA. 

c Eagliih Fmb of CoUf MoMh Nitivc YtM aril 

Mwe. Lowetyicc Flow, of FL Conntrj. tattod. 



MCTRVS, MULBERRY. MalectUkm. CdL^rfwrt. Cor.O. Fm. col. ^4 Imohl Cir.O. ^.1l 

iUlA. V. white. cord. or. lob. lerr. gr. 6. ChiiuL UM. HJ^ 

htUim. red. cordiOT.aciiiaMob.aerr. gr. — NJbBcr. lOML HjS. 



jgO^^M««-.c..^ 



eordvCa. hearuleaved. cord.eiit jfaim.ihm.abo. gr, 7. Kqplei. 189t. H.^ 

gtatinuMi. connDon. orbic lob. serr. «&. BritaiD MM^caUSagw^ 

1. faMiMta. jagg^'le^ved gr, ..•• Bj8* 

X. ^[uertjfdtM. Oak-leoBed. gr. .... HJb- 

•ermlitiL. law-ieaved. dbor. acum. lerr. gr. N JUner. .... ILC* 






BVXV'JH, BOX-TREE. Btrrem/L Coi.^fl CT to T edlwww. Pcl.1. Fik.4. Fcrf./. CW.^4 

biirtrtqL w. Minorca. oU. ahiiL. iiiith. yiC BCnoica. 17B0. H.|^ ■ 

a4«ifMrvlreiis.E.FL.oonuiioiL or. obL obL ihui. yeL S. 4. EaglaBd. «... H.^^. — — ^ 

1. aafv«<jfUM. aarrov-lecretf yel. — . ..•« H.^^. -^^* 

S. MTM^cte. tmriegated, yei. .... H.|^ _ 

rCaM.S<eIM. SMif9L 
FACUrSd'NDRA, PACHYSA'NDRA. Jlfw.c«f.V'4IeaM. Car.O. FcM.Ml^4lca«ct. A^.a. 

1 

coriaeea. H.EjuF.coriaoeoiu. or. lane acnnL nerv. wA. 5. 6. Nepanl. 1810. 0.j^. J aad|y 
pfw6iabeni. h.k. tfailtng. or. dent, stalk. hk. 6. 7. N^Amer. 1800. H.^.' ani 

«a<e.ar 



ORDER IV. 

PENTANDRIA. Stamens 5. 

XA'NTNIUM, BiJH'WEED. JBafT./.cMRNi. Ca/.tMMc. Cor.^l|»e«./Kaaef-sAap.6-cl<^. Frrf^Jli 



•trmairiiitw, w. broad-leaved. cordJob.S-ierr.S-nerr. gr, 8. England H.2I. 

maiKUuw. w. 9piuy, S-lob. ipinestemate. ^. 7. 8. S.Eorop. 1718. H.fl. 

[t-cclMy aMDw -afleM. 
LiJ't'FA, LlfFiU. MMUeal.li'ptrUd. Pet.5. Feai. aal. 4- cor. tibe fane. 51^.1-4. Pepalo/mrrmMif 

rue'dda. a.M. ■tbiking. cord. lob. serr. yW. 6. E.Ind. 1812.F.flUct — ^ 

NEPIi'EUUM, NEPlfELWM. MuUad.5'Uoilu Cor.O. Fem.€ul.4<ltf. C«r.O. Ger.2. Diiqi.l-«iiC 
lapp4c«uui. w. ISur-Msaded, pinn. alt 10k £.Ind. 1809. S.ft« 

AMARA'NTiiUS, AMAJUNTU. BarrtnJL GaZ.</Sar5 (mom. Cor.O. Fart. C*e mum. Gar. 



bicolor. w. two-coloured. Of . acum. obt. color*d. $t, 7. 8. E.Ind. 1802. H.8. Rkk 

Blilnm. w. wild. ov. retuse. 5lai.diffaK. gr. England H.S« acadii 

caud4tuft. w. LoYe-llet-Meed. ov. lane. icrr. red. E.Ind. 15M. H.8. -^— ^ 

hy|iocbondriacua.w.Frlncc'8-feiitli.obl. Unc. mucr. red, Virginia. 1684. H.X* ■ 

oleraceuft. w. ratable. obi. rug. notch, obt. lu — — E.Ind. 1764. HA* ■ 

pauicnlitut. w. |Nitticled. ov. lane. Br. pubea. red, N.Anier. 1798. IL|I. " 



MOKCfiCIA P£NTANDRIA. 207 



Bnfliib 


Form of 


Cotof Month Native 


Yr.of 


Sollud 


lnBB6* 


LeaveiyAc. 


Flow. ofFI. Country. 


Introd. 


PropaiatioB. 



BBVONIAf BRYONY. Bmrmji. C^S-ftrUd. Cor.^-t^fl. FeH.fi. Val.b'tootked. Cor.S-ftartid. 



[Sty.Z-fid. Berr.manif'Seeded. 
.fi. iJtd. 



wUte. eord.5-lob.den.dott.8cab. w, 0. 7. Europe. 1807.H.9*^« Sandy 99U. 

red-benfed. paliii.roag.oa both ddes. wh. Britain H.^.d. euttinfB^ or 

qigK'a. nmbel-flow'd. S-lob. dent, asper. tt E.Ind. 1815. Q.Jf.d, part. plantM. 

pindik great-flowered, cord, angnl. dott. red. 6. 8. 1783. 8.9*^* 

roogb. cord.dent8cabr.pUo8e. 8t. 8. 9. C. B. S. 1774. 6.9* 

8emi-cor.dighflyden.TiU. ye. 1830. G.^* 



ORDER V. 

HEXANDRIA. Stamens 6. 

IGer, 2 or l-lobed. Caps. qf2 or 3 cells. 
ERIOCAULON^ PIPE-WORT. Barren ft. CalO. PetJy6or A-cl^. Fert.fl. Pet 6 or i-obovaie. 

decangnlire. L. ten-angled. 8ubu.cban.Bmt.1Scap.lO-ang.10. S. S.A,mcr.lS25.H.w,Jf. Sandy peat. 
flepttuigalire.E.FLioin[ted. smtawl-ah. Shn.7'Zng.w.pu. Scotland H.w,jf. div. ai r90i. 

COC08,C0C0A-NUT'TREE. Male col. Z-leaved. Pet.Z. Fem.caU2'Uaved. Pet.6. Sty.O. 

w. common. JVviuUpinn.leafl.en8lf. st £.Ind. 1690. S.f^. 



GUETTARDA^GUETTARDA. Cal.A-tocth. Cor. salver-shap. tube cylin. lobes A'9-obl. Ber.A-9-celL 
tpeddnu B.R. showy-flow'd. ov.orsob-cor.ent.pub.ben.ir. 8. Madaga8.1823. S.^. 

STAGUSj SAGO-PALM. MaU col. ^fZ leaves. Car.O. FeM.eal.Z4eav. Ccr.O. Sty.short. Siig.simp. 

prickly. Froiid«pinn.1eafl.8piny. st Africa. 1820. S.^. 



ORDER VI. 

POLYANDRIA. Stamens many. 

Ishwrt. Stigma oblique. 
CEBATOPBYLLUM^HORNWORT. Col. many clrft. Cor.O. iStom. 16-20. Ger.otateycompr. Sty. 

I. E.F1. common. inwhoris,2or3forked. gr. Britain H.ir.^- — - — 



[Stig. 4, downy. 
BYRIOPBYLLDM, WATER-MILFOIL. Barr.fi. Cal.rfAUates. Pet.A. Pert. tke same. Ger.A. 

^icitom, E.FI. spiked. 4,inawliori,pinnatif. red. Britain H.io.9* 



[Sty. short. Seeds obavate. 

^GITTARIA, ARROW-HEAD. Barr.fi, Cal.Z cone, leaves. Pet.Z. Fert.fl. the same. Ger.nume. 

gimfnea. w. gra884eaYied. Bn. lane smth. wh, 6. 7. Carolina. 18i2.H.ir.9* Sandy loam 

htliSlla. broad-leaved, ov. acnt. sagitt. vh. N.Amer. 1816.H.tr.9. and peat. 

iiglttiiaUa. E.F1. common. sagitt. ent. smth. wh. England H.10.9. part.plants. 

fik^-flHia. doMe-fioa^Hng wK ....H.io.^* ■ 

Chinese. sagitt. S-lob. nenr. wh. 8. 9. China. 1811. G.tr.^. 



!•»■. 



^ 




^Vfl^H 


^ 


'^: 


MONtECIA POLYANDRIA. 


1 




bta>k 


Famar CoUf Hoslh Mju»e Tt* 


Mlltf 1 


k '^ 




U..n,*t now. -fFL C«u«fT. tai«* f>nM(MM.<J 


^^KA'MOMI,AIltrM. CtLifl itwOwg fa^. cw.l«fa .rt lUt^M. Cor.O. Filw. » 


.«■. Gtr./,rwii»ti 


^■^ briUrem. >.> 






S.«.&.rfylMM 


eriainm. b.k. 


tairy. 


ped-nupadii romHU-^v. S. 4. MinotcL ITTT 


F.9. Mrffa/ 


DracAntinm. w 


D™g«. 


pcdale>aflJuicobLeiit.fr. fi. T. NOnier.lTliS 


B-9.mnU.<m 


flagellifSrme. b. 




or. CM. w »-kib. fMT. 5. E. Ind. 1614. 


S.«.d..V,Mt 


TDacolalnni. K.B 


CDduo-pint. 


bailMe, >cnL von. f .^. S. T. Britain 


H.H. <Urw(a. 




loBg-nMed. 


oord. hat. luce. ^. . . . . E. Ind. IBOt. 


S.». 




OruMD. 




S.9. 


ngittUolioDi. Lk 


. KiptnOe-lT'd. 


■tptt ant. bne naad. at 1894 


s.p. . 




Ibnc-lcaTcd. 


ttm-aitjiJ. ■MqjpBth.br. a. «. N.AmEr. I«ai. 


H* . 


tlll0fa<UMD.W. 




S-Mkl^tt. far. CeyioD. ITU 


s^. 






rUirnu. C^.l-cUft. G^.t-MOld 


FOTERtVM, BURNET. Bmtt.JL C^^l-aiovidttmtt. Cf.tfVUhMl.ptlaH^^. Ftrt.jl.id.~M 


poljetaran.. w. 


Haogariu. 




H.9.SMd,m«. 1 




prickly. 


pinn. Br. »ilL ingnl. »*. 4. 8. UiranL IJ96. 


G.». w»J«.» 1 






piuD. teafl.OT. KTT. ^r. T. Ea^iid 


H.9.iivid.,IM. 1 


CALA'DWM, 


CALA'DICM. 


M*i.nl.O. C«r,0. Jat*.p(it. F/w.mI.O. C»r.8. 


Bfrr.|.<(a.K«4 1 


bieolor. a.H. 


ttn^-coloared. 


pelt. cord. ia«itt, rt. 6. T. Branl. 1771. 


S.».t«l»fcJ 


«d6nini. B.H. 


IWMt-KCBled 


cord.eDt.0Dkx«itaIkj. jr. J. E. Ind. 1818. 


S-V. KuM-trifl 


TirdDicum-B... 


p.VirgioUn. 


bMi. cord. acut. it. t, T. N JUmc. llaO. 


H-»-TFrtii^ 


A-nm VirginUam. w. 




P<«^« 


BEGONIA, BEG&NIA. Maltcal.O. Cor.O. Frt..pd.*^. Sly-J-WA^- f ajw- »*>ffl. * »-«lW. "( 


Muromita. w. 


acnmiuate-li'd 


. semUofd. ac™. hisp. -». S.13. Jamaica. 179©. 


F.*.S«i,J» 


an(yr<Mtigina.B. 


. eilver-tpoUed. 




S.£. MiW 


ilicb6loiiia. w. 


forked. 


Diieq. cord. ang. unth. >*. 7. 8. Caracas. 1810. 


8.^. orabLflfr 


diicolor. H.B. 


iwo-colopred. 


ug. lerr. crim. bcD. ir«. 5. 0. Cbina. 1801. 


s.*. (■■?<,-■ 


dipauii. B.H. 


mo-pelaled. 


.cmi-cord.acnjerrjpoU.pi. 4. 0. Bombay. 1836. 


S.i. p«r(Wff 


binfiO. w. 


bairy. 


half-conl. 2.(«rr, hairy, vk. 5. fi. W. Ind. 1189. 


S.B. ;.b>b«l 


pICtl. B.M. 


painted. 


cord.acoiD.hupjcrTjpoLpJc. 9. Nepaol. 1818. 


S.*. r^ 


nitlda. w. 


ibioiDg. 


cord.stDth. deDt.>hiik M.t.13. Jamaica. ITTT. 


S.i. 


oliniaila. w. 


Elm-leayed. 


hi»p.onboth«d.nneq.oW.ft*.S.B.S.Anier. IBH). 


S.ft. 


uDdulaU. a.9i. 


waieJeaTed. 


altdiMicb.cord.<u>d.eDt. »k, fi. 7. BraiiJ. 


s.*. 






[<!/-iw;6-ci<rt. 


Cor.O. iVntl-dC 


QUfi-ftCt/SjOJK. Barr.JLh 


altxtatka, CaLiiKaUi-i-cl<Ji. Car.O. Ferl.JI 


H.F.noiitMf 


Uba. w. 


while. 


obl.p>jana.MniiaLpub.ben.yf. S. 6. N.Amer. ITSJ. 


■quttica. Mn. 


water. 


obov. cnneat. enL nnth.j^r. 1781. 


H.C.-rffl»i«djir 


ambtgaa. Mt. 


doubtfni. 


.iDuat. «iith.lobe»aniL,.fr. N.Amer.1800. 


H.c. (k< r«* 


J:gilop..w. 


VeUolda. 


o«.obljimiat.w.pnb.ben.y.^. S.Europ.lTSl. 


H.e.0/(kriltf- 


BuiM«ri. Ml. 


BanUlcr'i. 


obov. cuneat. S-J-lob.y(.fr. N.Anier.lSOO. 


H.S.ri<mi vmH 


BalloU. t>. 


Barbaiy. 


eUip. »err. hairy ben. ye.fr. Barbary.1818. 


H.*.^lAi..r». 


Cateibri. w. 


Calnlie-i. 


narr-atbaM palm. lob. 9t.gr. 6. 6. N.Aioer. 1820. 


U.£. mnUI C>- 


cii.tre..M». 


Aih-coloiired. 


iaiicobl.acut.eot.pubci.ben. 1789. 


H.B. «r»,i.4 


cocdferB. w. 


Kermei, 


cor.(>bl.d«iit.>|nii jmlb.y.f r. S.Fnitc. 16S3. 


H.£. miztM^ 


coeclnea. Ph. 


Marlet. 


obl.»inuat.!iroth. yi.gr. N.Amer. 1691. 


H.e nxfy !*>■ 


E'lculos. w. 


ItaUan. 




H.e. -iidw 


falciiB. M«. 


Bpaniib. 


8talk.bascobt.palm.lob.s.gT. 5. N.An«r,lT6a. 


H.S. »mU. Ttt 


*— ^-inea. Mi. 


mrty. 


dilat.atapcx,iub-S-lab.pow. 1T49. 


H.3i.tpteii,m 


^^^^^^^1 






^^^^H 



^^BftlO MONCFCIA POLYANDRIA. 


■5 


^^H SftlDxiUc I.^,^l\.U f.;m uf C.,\M H„uiJ. MII» V'.i 




^^^B NaiKF. K»»c. UKvpi.h.:. nu». urt-l. c<>iiaLr;. tiirtm 


ProiaiDlNt 


^^^PLA-TANVS, PLANE-TREE. Catk.rcund. Ftm.eal.^i«aKgUM. Cflr.O. «(«■ 


ree.r. .S^ri.rwt^ 


^^■^•cenfaiia. ir. MBple-leaved. cord. S-lob. dent. f r. 4. 5. LeTiDt ITSl 


H.C.S™rfylJ 


■ onn^ta. w. wave-leaied. S-S-lob.dept. gr, — — 1739 


H.C. l.v^l 


orieBtil'iB. L. (Irieatal. S-lob. palm. ie^m. lane, gr. IS48 


H.tC. ««f>,^ 




H.C. rr«Ui«J 


^^^LxJQCriDAaiBARfLIQUIDAiaBAR. Male calk, coiii. Inr.i-Uar. Frm. calk. glob. Cal.o/tin/jM 


^^HllpwlflaB. L. S«reet-Oum-fl'g.pelni. lob. vill. fr.Kli. i. i. 1061. 


H.C. — .M 


^^H 


TDnrpe l.M«fl 


^^MSALISBITRIA.SALISBU-RIA. Catk.n^ed. MaUcal.O. Cor.Q. Anth.imbric«. JVx.W.i^ 


^^H •dlsotifoUa. Sm. MaideD-baiM'd.wedKe-sh.lob.atapcx. g.il.i. S. Japan. 1T51 


H.s. s«rff «g 


^^H 


c»U«fM 


^H CARYO-TA,CAR¥aTA. Sfalccol.g-h.c. Ctr.«/iprt». Fcm.cal.^Mr.lAtMiM. 


Ber.l<e(l.*J-«*W 


^^m Arena. tors-leaved. bipin.leafl.wcdge-ob.obU.K E. Ind. 1TD8. 


S.».L«Mt^j 


^^M JVGLANS, WALNUT, mieeatk.imbr. CeT.S-imrl. Ftwt.eaH-tl^. Cor.4-par. SIg.S. NiUWd] 


^H aim. w. while. pinn. lead. lane. lerr. gr. i. 5. N.Amcr. 1620. 


H.(r.s««<t,i*«l 


^^H rCgia. ». comnioD. ov. Mnth. s? rr. r*- Pema. 15G3. 


H.r. Idyen.* 1 




H.F. «ri<. J 


^^Bnrgm. 1.. Uack. pinn.leaD. serr.or.acuni.irr 1629. 


" J 


^B ORDER VU. 


1 


^V MONADELPHIA. Stamens united into one 


... 1 


^H 


iftciUii-ff'i. 


^^n PrNUS,P]NE,orFIR. Barr.fi.inaToctmfKcalk. Cal.O. Cor. 0. Alam. nxmc. 


Ftrt.fi. wiAa». 


A-biei. w. Norway Sprnce.s<ditnry,4-Mded. ye. 4. N.Enrop.l549. 


n.c. S-«ljl-» 


adbnca. crooked. Uo. booked. ye. 3. 6 IBsa. 


H.r. -nl'. 




H.C..r.«(li* 


B[.iik<iana. Hudson'i-Hay. in a\ oUiq. ye. 6. C.Huds.-Ba.lTBS. 


H-C. ■ 


Claobra«iliana. Ld.ClanbraHl's.lin.flat.mucr.shin. i/t. 6. N.Amer.lBlO. 


H.*. 




H.C. 


Cfmbra. Siberian. in SV Cone» ov. obt. yt. Siberia. 1J40. 


H.r. 


DicfcjoDiana. Mr. Dick wn'.. S'^ liu.giau. angl. ....Nepaol. ISMT. 


H,!:. — - 


Dougkiau. DoiiglM'.. lin. flat, giau. ben. y,. N.Amer. 1827. 


H.C. 


exc*taa.L,p. taU. inS's.slend.lPBvesjCBMfipeii. Nepal. 182S. 


H.r. — 




H.ff. 


Getirdl. GeranI'.. nwdle-ali-glau. j,e. 5. 6. Nepal. 1824. 


H.C. 




H.e. — • 


Inopi. Ph. Jersey. in a'i. Co«Mobl.o». y*. N.Amer.Usg. 


H.r. — - 


intennMla. intermediate, in clu.ten, lin. yel. 3. 4. Altays. 1888. 


H.C. ■ ■ 


Lariclo. L.P. Conica... in a\loog; Coiwov. ye.rf 4. 5. Conici. 1814. 


H.e. — 


LBroberliJn8.Doug. Lamberfa. quin. S-sidcd, muer. ye. 4. Caliform.1827. 


H.C. 


roarilimn. «. mariiime. in 2 s, slender ; Coiwiov. ye. 8. 0. S.Eiirop. lTi9. 


lie. — 


^^_ nigra. Ph. Black Spruce. Einglc,4-Mde<l, erect. y«. 5. N.Araet. tTOO, 


H.e. — 


i:'""-^ ""■^" ""'"' 


H.C. 




^flS 



MONCBCIA MONADELPHIA. 



211 



Sjitenauk 
Name. 

pdiistris. Ph. 
Pichta.Fi8. 
Pmnfliob w* 
Pfnea. w. 
PonderdnuD. 

Finister.w. 
Ph. 



i%kia. 
fttn.Ph. 
ieratfiim.Ph. 
AWoL 
§tr6bii8. w. 
ipcetibills. D.P, 

IJlVUtllS* 

TB'da.Ph. 
tiiifiUa.Ph. 

DC. 



EocUsh 
Name. 

marsh. 

Fischer's. 

Mogho. 

Stone. 

ponderous* 

SUver Fir. 

doster. 

pungent 

Pitch. 

Rigo. 

rigid. 

Red Spmce. 

late. 

Siberian. 

Weymoutlu 



Form of 
Leaves, &c. 



Col.of Month Native Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Coantry. InUod. 



Soil and 
Propagation. 



long, liu. lane. 

lin. flat, apex notch. 



ye, 5. 6. N.Zeal. 1730. H.C 

yeL 5. Altay. 1824. H.C 

in 2's. Conegov, erect. yeL 4. 5. Camiola. 1779. H.C* 

in2's. CoMMobto?. yeL 5. S.Europ. 1548. H.C 

in S's, elong. yeL 5. 6. N.Amer. 1827. H.C 

solitflat^otch. Coii.obt. yeL 5. German. 1603. H.C 

in2'8,elon. Cojie«OYjess.ye2. 4. 5. S.Europ. 1506. H.C 

in 2*8, shorty acut. yeL N.Amer. 1804. HM. 

in2's. Cmm«ov. yeL 6. 1756. H.C 

in 2'Sy lin. obliq. yel S.Europ. 1824. HC. 

tern. ConesoY. yeL 5. 6. NAmcr. 17S9. H.C 

sing.awl-sh. CofiMOT.obtyd. 6. 1755. H.C* 

tem.elong. Cofie«ov.obLye/. 5. 6. 1713. H.C 

lin. flat, ; lau. ben. yeL Siberia. 1823. H.C. 

qttin.alen. Coaejpend. yeL 4. N.Amer, 1705. KM, 

purple-coned. lin.8ing.flat^pex notch. yeL H, Nepal. 1825. H.C. 

Scotch. in 2% rigid, glau. yel, Scotland H.C* 

Frankincence. elong. C<mejov.4-inJon. yeL — N.Amer. 1718. H.C 

Yew-leaved, single, flat, erect. yeL 1822. H.C. 

hooked-leaved. in2'8,eIon. Conesoy,oh\.yeL Pyrenee.1820. H.C. 

▼ariable-leavM. 2-3. C<m«« ovate. yeL N.Amer. 1739. H.C. 



L'ARIXy LA RCH, Male anth, 2-eelUd, Fern, eeales imbr, in round cone. Stig, euppedy glandular. 

fiii UM ii M European. crowd.dec. Coa.ov.obl.ye.re. 8. 4. German. 1029. H.C. — 

PimuBLdrix, 

■ieroc6rpa. vr. red. crowd, decid. ye,re, 5. N.Araer.l760. H.C — 

f<itdif»fit black. in clusters, lin. glau. ye,re, 1739. H.C — 



CEDRUS^ CEDAR. Cones turbin, ov. SeakM lameU\f, Seed smally cuneate, coatcoria, 

DeodAra. Rox. Beodara. inc1u8.actt.3-sid. Coft.ov.obt. 5. Nepal. 1822. H.C. 

libnL Cedarof Lebanon.lin.acer.crowd. Coneov. yeL — 

PfwMCSdrus, 



Levant. 1683. H.C — 



^CABBAGE-TREE, Male cat, Z-part. Pet. 3. Stam,6, Fern, nect, 6- toothed. Sty, ^y short. 



hteiffis. w. 



dwarf, 
esculent. 



Fron.pin.lea.cunea.trun. Jt E.Ind. 1814. S.J&. 

Fron.pinn.leafl.Un.acut. at W.Ind. 1656. S.J^. 



JATROPHA^ PHYSIC-NUT. Cal.Spar, Maec. Sta. 10. Fem.Ger.l. Sty.Z. Stig.i, Cap.Z-seed. 



Cwcss. L. 
pHypillMia. L* 

iBfiNICeA. L. 

HUboCL. 
■ritifi'da. L* 
vna. Im 



gr. 5. 8. S.Amer. 1731. S.J^.Peat^ loam. 

ec, W.Ind. 1690. S.|b* ctt^ta^s. 

wh V.Cruz. 1756. 



s.a. 



angular-leaved, cord, angul. 

cotton-leaved, cord. 5-lob. serr. cU. 

herbaceous. 8-lob. iSftemherbac 

Cassava. 5-lob. segm. gr, 7, 8. S.Amer. 1739. S.^. 

multifid. multipart, segm. pinn. $c 1696. S.J^. 

stinging. cord. 5-lob. ent. toh, 5, 7. Brazil. 1690. S. j^. 



CROTTONy CROUTON. MalecaLs-tooth, Cor. qf 5 pet. Fern. col. 5-Uav. Cor.O. Siy.Z-fid. Cap.Z-cell 

tMBentftsmn. Lk. downy. orb.cor.obt.down.ben. tr.gr. 7. 8. E.Ind. 1823. S.^.Sandy loamf^ 
nriegitnm. w. variegated. Ian. smth. ent. varieg. gr, 6. 9. 1804. S.^. peat.cutt. 

CODIJEUMyCODIMUM, Masc. caL S-cW. Pet, 5, Sta.man. Fem,caL5'Cl^.PetO.Stig,Z.Ger.ov, 

pictmn. B.M. painted. cord. obi. varieg. shin. gr. 7. 0. £.Ind. 1820. S,^, • 

Cr6i9m pactum, b.c. 

2E2 



212 MONCECIA MONADELPHIA. 

SyitemUc EnglUli Form of CoLof Month Native Tr.of Soil ad 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c Flow, of Fl. Coontry. Introd. Propacatkoa* 

nr CIS US^ PALM A'CBRISTL MatecaLS-part. Fem,cal.Z'pan. Sty.t-Jid. Cap«. S-cel/. 4r S-Mcd 

commAnb. w. Ca8tor-oil-pIant.paliD. pelt. segm. lane, gr, 7. 8. £.Ind. 1548. H.2U Rich Imoh. 
in^rmis. w. smooth-capsol'd.pelt. palm* lobes serr. pier. 1758. 0,3^. seeds ij^ emti. 

[l-eeUedumi, 
PODOCA'RPUS.PODOCA'RPUS. MakcalMtfi.qftkekudtmbn. Anth.2'eeUed. Fem.egik.nmh 



elongitns. p.s. African. lane. Br. whorled. yeh 5. 7. China. 1774. H.|b« Sandy 

macrophyllos. long-leayed. lane, remote. yW. 7. 8. 1804. G.^. ondpemL 

nodfenu Nut-bearing, sing, tin* cuspid. yel, 2. 4. 1764. G.J^. cmiHtige, 

PHYLLA'NTHUS^ PHYLLA'NTHUS. MaUcal.5'6-part. Fern. fl. the eame. Sty.Z. Ci^.t-eeiL 

polyphyHns. w. many-leaved, plnn. 6orifer. Iea6. Un. ^. 7. 9. E.Ind. 1805. S.|b* 

tiui>ln6tiis. B.M • turbinate. alt.ov.orblc.ent. gr. China S.|^. 

]€<»«. S-ccUstf. 
STILLTNGIA^STILLTNGIA. MaUcid.Tound^ many-fid. Cor.tubul. Fem.eal.X-fid. Sty.t-^fU. 

UgostrUuLW. Privet-leaved, lane ent.atten. at ends. «t. 7. 8. N.Amer. 1822. G.|b* — — 



STE^RCULIAf STE'RCULIA. Cal. S^parted. Cor.O. Ned. 6-6'toothed. Cqw. 5, ^1 cell. 

Bal^has. dc. Crovm-flow'd. ov.alt.stalk.ent.8mth. gr.ye. 6. 8. £.Ind. 1787. S.|b* Sandy Irnm 

platanlfbUa. w. Plane-tree-l'd. palm. 6-lobed. gr. 7. China. 1757. G.J^. andU^f 

versicolor. changeable. diglt.lea6.5,obl.halry. re.ye. £.Ind. 1829. S.Jb* m m Ji . 

Tragadmtha.B.R.Tragacantb-tree.obl.cuspid.ent.apexS-fid.jt.5. 6. S.Leon. 1822. S.|b* cmUinge. 

[barren. 5ly. t-€l|^. 
CUCO'MIS^ CUCUMBER. Mae. ctd, ^-toothed. Car. 5-parted. Stam.Z. Fert.cal.tfcor.tke, 

Angaria, w. round -prickly, palm.sinuat. Fr. echln. ye. 7. 9. Jamaica. 1692. H.A. 



THUJA, ARBOR'VJT^. MaUcal.imhr. Cal.ascaU. Fern. col. scale 2 fid. Cor.O. Neet.l. 

articulita. jointed. imbr.lan.acu. Br.compr.ye2. 2. 5. Barbary. 1815. F.|b. 

cupressoides. l. African. imbr. obi. Br. round, yel, C. B. 8. 1797. G.^. - 

occidentals, vr. American. Imbr.ov.tub. Br.2-edg. yel. 5* N.Amer. 1596. H.|b* - 

orientilb. u Chinese. lmbr.in4rows,ov.rhomb. yel. 2. S. China. 1752. H.J^. - 



CUPRE^SSDS, CYPRESS. Male catk. imbr. Cal.ascaU. Cor.O. Fem. col. scaUl-fid. Cor.O. SHgJi, 

disticha. i.. deciduous. 2-ranked, tin. spread, yd. 4* 5. America. 1640. H.C Sandy lasm^ 

p6ndula. Th. pendulous. imbric. glau. keeled. yel. Japan. 1818. F.^. caitings, 

iempervlrens. w. ever gr ee n . Irobric. obt convex. yel. Candla. 1541. H.^. or suds* 

pstricta. nprigkt. — 

thyoldes. L. white Cedar, ov. Imbric* Br. compr. yd* — NAmer. 1730. H.^. — — 



[Caps. 2'celled, with t seed in i 
OMALA'NTHUS, OMALA'NTH US.- Mas. perian. 2-to6. Stam. 8-6, united at base. Fern. sly. %^arU 

popnlUdUa. B.M. Poplar-leaved. alt.rhomb.ov.ent8mtb. it*. 6. N.HoU. 1825. Q.^. — 



DKECIA MONANDRIA. »W 

CLASS XXII. 

DKECIA. Stamens ^- Pistils in separate fiowers^ ^ on different plants. 

ORDER I. 

MONANDRIA. Stamen 1. 

.b Fonuar CoJ^rHonib NiUn Yr.af Boll Md 

LeixM.&c Fluw. oCFl. CountiT' lntrod. PrupiiuloB. 

[Drape limptt, or cDnpnind. 

m.cai. ORif cor. 0. Sty. bifid. 




PANDA'NUS,SCREW-PINE. Malecal.O. Cor.O. Anlh.cu>i>idalt. Fcm. 
ifoUtu.Roi. Amaryllis- I'd. Unc eDL 

«. ■weeteat'Kented.lio. lauc tpiny. 



ORDER II. 

DIANDRIA. Stamens 2. 

rCapi. l-tell. 2-coiP. 
AiX/JT, fr/LLOIf. n/ulf^. Scaf»a''tA<calh.l-jl'd.iintr. Stum. 1-5. Fem. 

■frinita. E.B. lancc-leaTed. obl.lan.glaD.pub.beo. G«r,Iiairy. g-r.yf. 4. 
idactBdeiw. b.b. sduendiDg. elli.siib-ent.glau.iilk.beD. Cer.pub.f.i/e. 4. 5. 
EUptiaca. EgjptiaD. ellip. dent. obi. glau.&hairy ben. g'S'- ~ 

AlaterDus-I'd. eUip.laacserr.silky. Ger.ulky. gr-St- ^ 
,B. common white, ellip, la nc .aerr.iilky. Gtr.amth. gr.ye.— 

Alpine. obav. ellip. ent. rIbu. hairy ben. gr.ge- 

.BotrJHn. plcaiant. ellip. lane, glaac. imth. serr. g'9'- 

ambiguoas. obov. sub'serr.pub. G<r. ^Iky. gr.ye. 4. 

AliDood-leav'd. ov .serr.mnth.b ranch furr. G<r.Emtb.f .y<. 

liina.E.Fl.green-niouQtBin.f^llip.acut.glau. ben. Gcr.imth. gr.ye. 4. 9. 

Hug-leaved. lan.acuni.ser.curl'd.9iii.g1au,G(r.siii.f .ji. 4. 

Axikod's. et1ip.acu.se rr.glan. sub -hair. ben. Ger.pub. 3. 4. 

E.FI. water. obo.«l1i.Bcr.dowD.&9ub-glau.ben.Ger.sil. y. 4. 

u.p. narrow-leaved. lio.laD.acut.glau. ben .sub -silky. Gfr.sllk. 

E.n. 

B.B. downy -mountain .ov.acut.iub-eDt.dowD. ben, Grr.vill. g.ye. 5. G. 
s.fi. «lky-«ilvery. ellip, euLapexrecurv.illk. ben. Gir.silk, y. 5. 

.■.w.ars. LitUe-ttee. ellip.laDCJKrr.imlh.abo. Gcr.iilk. g.y. 

.dk.-purp.-bnm.ov. serr. glsn, & aub-bairy ben. gr.yt. 4, 

dark'greea. ov.acu.inb-cor.rerr.nearl.smth. Ger.vill. 

Tound-earcd. scrr.obov.obt.halry, G<r.silky. gr.ye. 4. S. 

■outberu, elli.acujerr.glau.inl>-hiur.G<r.amtti,f.y, 

laDC.acum.serr.glau. Gcr.smth. gr.il. 4. 

obo.amlh.shin.deeply«crr. Ger.nnltb. g.y. 

ellip. glau. pubci. nearly entire, gr.ye. S. 

bn.lanc.deul.snilb.gluu. Girr.unth. br. 

lauc. wrr. smth. glaii. Ger.siuth. gr.st, 

tin. lauc. vill. on botb sides. r.M. 4. 9. N.Anwr. 1811. 



B. Willd. weeping. 

, Barbcrry-l'd. 
■t> Ehrli. two-coloured, 
xliijia. s .w, Boapl and 't. 
iNltriioa. E.FI. dark -up right. 



Britain 

England 

Egypt. .... 
Switxerl. IBIU. 
Britain. ISIS. 



Scotland 

182(. 

SwitzeH. ie34. 



Swilzerl. IB2B. 

1824. 

Europe. 1830. 
Switzcrl. 1824. 
Levant. 1002. 
Pavuria. 1624. 
Hcr<ynia.lS-JO. 
Mexico. IVH. 



H.e. 

H.S. 
H.S. 
H.i. 
H.C. 
H,*. 
H.C. 
H.a. 
H.€. 
H.». 

H.S. 
H.i. 
H.S. 
H-C. 
H.S. 
H.(f. 



H.a. 

G.*. 
H.ft. 



n 




DItECIA DIANDR.IA. 


^ 


^H SritFiniUc 


Edi:II>I> 


Knnn »1 


cui.or Monib Ninve^mn 


■ 




U.V(.,«C. 




fFI. c«-a,trt. lam^ 


H ciprea. e.b. 


great rouDd-l'd 


0*. aerr. rill. ben. Ger. silky. 


ffr.j,e. 4 


5. Britain | 


^r carlnilB. k.b. 


folded-leaved. 


ov. dent. smth. Gtr. seas. vUl. 


gT.yt. - 


Scotland < 


carpinifblia. s.w 


horD-beam-I'd 


ov.acH.scrr.sub-hair. Gfr.amth. 


er.ye. 3 


4. Switieri. IBM. j 


cioirea. E.Fl. 


grey-Sallow. 


obav.iBDCserr.vUl. Gtr.ludry. 


yr-se- 


5. BritaiB 1 


/J rariegita.s.v. tariegaltd-Vd. 




gr.yt. - 


.... i 


^^ CErAlea. e.b. 


blue. 


lancserr.gland-sllky. Gw.vlil. 


gr.ye. i 


S.Eiglaud 1 


^^^ cDntSnnii, i.w. 


onifonrMellvcd 


laoc.»err.sinth.glau. Ger.vill. 


irr.ye.a 


3. Russia. 1818. 


^H cordiU. ».«. 




ov.tan.card.atbas.Berr. Grr.smlh 


gT.yt. 4 


5.N.Ainer. 1811. 1 


^H cordiraiU. i.». 


heart -leaved. 


OT. sent. cut. card. at base. 


gr.y. - 


( 


^B coriicea. >.». 




eUip.obos.deBt.pubcs. Ger.viU. 


gr.ft. 


3. Switwrl. isn. 


^H cotinifoUa. E.B. 


Quince-lea* 'd. 


ellip. orbic.deut-glau. pub. Ger.vill .gT.jrt. 


4. Britain. 1830. 


^B cranif&IU. a.w. 


iMck-Ieavcd. 


ov.ellip.*err.pabes. Gerjmth. 


er.s^.i 


5 


V crUpa.,.w. 




ov.laBccrisped.glau.reUc. 


ffr..l. 


S 


Croweioa. E.PI. 


Mr, Crowe'*. 


ellip.serr.smth.glau. Gtr.vill. 


gr.ye.i 


6-Fnsl«"«l 






elllp.serr.glao.sub-bairy.Ctr.»mlIi.«r.y«. S 


4. Switieri. I8B1, 


DavBlli4na.Br.F 


Davallian. 


obo.lan.&crr.smtb.gUu, G<r.Till. 


br.tl. 


4. Scotland 


dccfpien,. i.B. 


white Welsh. 


lanc.'serr. smth. Grr. smth. 


gT.yt. 


S.England 


^^ decdmbeiu. a.vt. 


decumbent. 


Iin.lai..,»b-dentsllky. Ger.viU. 


gr.yt. - 


— Swilzerl. IBtl. 


^1 Dicki>onllina.E.B 


broad-I'd.-moo 


Dt.emp.acnt.deDt.ebiQ. Ger.vill. 


gr.yt. - 


— Scotland 


^P diKolor. ■.». 




OT.lanc.serr.siDtb.glau. Grr.vill. 


gr.st. 


4. N.Amcr. IBll. 


^" Doniana. Br.FI. 


rusty -brancUed 




gr-yf. * 


(.Scotland 


ddfa. S.W. 


hardy. 


ellip. dent, glaii. puhea. 


gr.S'. - 


— Switzerl. 1S24. 1 




slsogDua-lv'd. 


ov.ellip. woolly. Gfr.vill. 


gr-r-i 


8. IBM. 


fUcita. >.w. 




lin. laue. serr. smtb. 


gr.ye. 4 


5. N.Aioer.1811. 






obov.laacvill. Gir. silky. 


6r.»t. 


4. BritaiB. .... 


finna. s.w. 


firm -leaved. 


ellip.obLserr.g1aa, Gw.snb-vill. 


gr.yi. s 


4.Swilnirt.ini.' 


floribfinda. 8.W. 


raany-HowVd. 


elllp. aerr. abia, smth. glau. 


f-S'- 4 


T. Britain < 


^^ Forbyina. E.Kl 


fiiie-ba9k.O>ier. lancobo lerr.amth.Dlaa. Gn-.vill 


gr.yi. 


4. EoglaiKl 




gr.ye. 4 




^H frigili*.E.Fl. 


ciack. 




fff.j(e. - 


— Britaiu 


B m^ B.B. 








Iwin-floweriDg 


obov. lane. aerr. pubea. 


gr.fc. 


S. .... 


^aticD. E.FI. 




ellip.1aB.WD0l1y^ub-enl. Gtrr.vill 


gr-Vf. 


5. Scotlaod 


GriiODCniu. s.w. 


Gnsoii-SallDW. 


ellip.lan.nearly.Pitb.<crr.Ger.vil 


gr.Jlf- S 


4. Grisons. IBSO. 


gri«^hylla...w. 


grey-bcad.-Sal 


. elllp. BCut. dent, vill, bcB. 


gr.yt. 


4. SwilicTl. IBM. 


^1 l»itila.t.w. 


balberd -leaved 




g^-y- 


S. LaplBBd. irWi 


^H fUBl. B.B. 


rose. 


obi .lauc .aerr. sintb. Ger.vill, 


gr.ye. S 


4. Britain. .... 




le»L 


orbic.cren.shln.smth. Cer.smlli. 


gf'Vt- 




^H hirta. Br.FI. 


bairy.bran.-Sall.ellip .cord .crcn.downy.Ger.vill. 


f.ye. 4 


S.EngluKL .... 


^B HoffmaDoUna.B.Fl.HoffinaD's. 


OT.oU. s«rr. smth. Gcr. smth. 


gr.ye. 


3. .... 


^H boloMricea. w. 


aillty-leaved. 


lane, flat, till. Ger. aUk. 


g.yt. - 


— Swilierl 


^H Michtiiina. >.w. 








■ H.„»cli„„.... 


. Houston's. 


1ia.lanc.serr.snth. Gir.amth. 


gr.ge. * 


5. America. 1811- 




W.Humboldt's. 


Un.acum.serr.smth. Ger.smth. 


bl. . 


..Peru. 1B3L. 


^H belv^dca. 9.». 


Swiss. 


ov.ai:u.sert.glau.vill.ben. Gcrjilk 


.gr.yt.i 


B. Switzerl. I8M. 


^f incana. ..w. 


binty-leavcd. 


lin. acut. .err. vUl. 


«■'-.*«. 


4. Euroiie. ISM. 




Hhili>h-rd.-Sall.cllip.obo*.serr,pob. Ger.downy. 


B'--9'- S 


4. Switieri. IBM. 


idcubicea. S.W. 


traUiug-silky. 


elli.lan.gluu.&ulk.hen. Ger.vill. 


M.,e. 


S. Britain. ITM. 


KitaibeiiiDa.>.w 


Kltaibel's. 


obov.snnh.ent.notcb. Gfr.sBilb, 


gr.ye. A 


8. Carpsth. 1816. 


Iac6«rii.,.w. 


Uke-Sallow. 


ell ip.scrr.vill. glau. Gvr.snilli 


gf.ya. 


1. Swilieri. IHU. 


^L UuiliertidB*.E.Fl. Lamberl'i. 


laiicserr.umth. Gcr.pubea.sess. 


gr.ye. 3 


4. England 


^H laB&U. Br. Fl. 


<*ooUybroad-l'd.orbic.ov.liairy^lauc, C;<r.suitli, 


sr.Jf*. 3 


4. ScoUand.l8Sl. 



DICECIA DIANDRIA. 215 

SjrftcinaUc EaglUh Form of Col.of Month Native Yr.of 

Name Name. Leaves, Arc. Flow. ofFI. Couutry. latrod. 

hnrioa. Br. FL shin.dark-greeii.eUip. obi. acat serr. Ger, tiXky, gr,ye, 4. 5. England. .... H.S>« 
hicBlor, E. Fl. 

ImeeoUita. E.F1. aharp-leaved. lane. aerr. smtli. Ger, smth. gr.ye, .... H.^. 

I«|ip6niuD. s. w. Lapland. ellip. lane, woolly. Ger, vill. gr,ye, 4. Lapland H.|^. 

Isliftlia. s.w. broad-leaved, broadly ellip. dent Ger. silky. gr,ye, S. Switzerl. 1824. H.C 

iMiris. a.w. linear-leaTed. Itn. viU. dent. br.st. 4. 5. 1820. H.|^. 

lieida. LW. shining-leaved, ov. serr. smth. shin. gr,ye, 5. N.Amer. 1811. H.C. 

I^teL i.w. Lyon's. lane, elong. smth. serr. shin. gr*V^' 4* 5* Switzerl. 1810. H.^. 

■■cnMtlpotfcea.i.w.large-stipul'd.ellip. lane, serr.glan. Ger. smth. gr,ye, 1822. H.C. 

■riUiUla. E.F1. apple-leaved, ellip. und. smth. glan. Ger, smth. gr.ye, 4. England H.^. 

Mcyeriina. s.w. Meyer's. ov. ellip. smth. shin. serr. g,et, 4. 5. German. 1823. H.C. 

Waolgariana.Br. FLWodlgar's. obov. lane. serr. smth. Ger. vill. gr.ye. 4. Switzerl. 1822. H.|b. 
Hoff. 

r. rooantain. lane.smth.g1an.hairy,ben.Ger.smth.f.y. 3. 4. Europe H.C. 

MoHpril£iisis.s.w. Montpelier's. ellip. lane. smth. shin. serr. gr,ye. 5. 0. Montpeli. .... H.C. 

MaUenbergiana. Muhlenberg's, lane, sub-ent. vill. j^.y^. 4. 5. N.Amer H.|^. 

iBitibilis S.W. changeable. ellip. serr. pubes. glan. Ger. vill. re,ye. 4. Switzerl. 1811. H.|^. 

■yninites. b.b. green whorl-l'd. ellip. serr. smth. Ger. vill. gr.ye. 3. 4. Scotland. 1824. H.J^. 

■yrdDoides. s.w. bilberry-leav'd. elUp. ent. smth. glau. Ger, vill. grye. 4. 6. .... H.^, 

S.W. dark American, ov. lane. serr. smth. Ger, smth. br.ye, 4. 8. N.Amer. 1772. H.C. 

Br.FL dark broad-l'd. elUpJanc.aeut.cren.smth.Gtfr.vill. gr.ye, 5. England. 1811. H.C. 

Br.Fl. shining-leaved, ellip. aeot. serr. shin. glau. g^'V^' 4. .... H.J^. 

abavita. •• w. obovate-leaved. obov. ent. sUky, ben. smth. above, gr.ye* 4. 5. Scotland H.^. 

B.B. dive-leaved. obov. lane. dent. Ger, downy. gr.ye, 8, Britain H.C. 

uw. pale. obov. lane. serr. vUl. Ger, sUky. gr.ye, 5. Sviritzerl. 1824. H.JS". 

••w. doth-leaved. ellip. obov. serr, vUl. Ger, silky. gr»ye. 4. 5. H.C. 

IMilfi^lia. E.F1. small-leaved. eUip.8ob-ent.g1au.8Uky. Ger.vUl. gr.ye. — - England H.^. 

fttOH. S.W. spread.-branch. eUip. ent. smth. glau. Ger, viU. gr.ye, 5. 8 H.|^. 

ftasiytvlDlea.S.w.Pennsylvanian.lane. serr. silky, silvery. gr.ye, 3. 4. Pennsyl. 1811. H.|^. 

Inu B.B. bay-leaved. ov.acut.eren.shin.gland.Gfr.8mth. gr.ye. 5. 0. Britain H.C. 

e'a. a.w* rook-swallow. elUp.obl.8err.8ub-hairy.Ger.8mth. ^.ye. 4. .... H.^. 

Br.Fl. dark long-lv'd. lane. serr. smth. glau. Ger. vUl. br,st. N.Amer H.Jj^. 

f^jfidlSlia. E.F1. Tea-leaved. elUp.lanc.serr. wavy ,glau. Ger.vUl. ^.ye. 5. Scotland H.^. 

polar. orbie.8err.8mth.shin.glau.Ger.8Uky.^r.y. 4. 7. Lapland. 1824. H.^. 

•.W.Pomeranian, lane. serr. glau. smth. Ger. smth. gr.ye. 3. 5. Pomera. 1816. H.C. 

Pontedera's* elUp. serr. smth. glau. Ger, viU. ^r.ye. 5. German. 1818. H.C. 

fnTeoz* a«w. early-flowering. broadl.lan.8err.glan.8mth.Ger.8mth. g.y. 2. 3. Europe H.C. 

I^Mfdea. S.W. winter berry-I'd.ov. obi. serr. glan. smth. Ger, vUl. gr.ye, 3. 4. N.Amer. 181 1. H.3t» 

I. E.F1. early-prostrate. eUip.obI.dent.glau.8iIky. Ger.viU. gr.ye. 5. Britain H.J^. 

>ldlia.s.w. protea- leaved. eUip. ent. vUl. Ger. silky. gr.ye. 4. 5. Switzerl. 1820. H.^. 

inefanbens.s.w. procumbent eUip.orbic.8err.8rath.shin. Ger.viU. gr.ye. 5. Scotland H.J&. 

INpinqna. B.B. flat-leaved. eUip.cren.8ub-pub.Ger.8ilk.at apex. g.y. .... H.|^« 

tlifiilli E.F1. plum-leaved, ov. serr. smth. glau. Ger, viU. gr.ye. 4. 5. Scotland H.J^. 

lapdiea. E.F1. bitter-purple, obo. lane. serr. smth. Ger. viU. gr.ye. 3. England H.^. 

iHyrwfMla. E.B. PhiUyrea-l'd. ellip.kme.acut.ateachend.Ger.smth.g.y. .... H.J&. 

MAuta. 8.W. brown-branch'd.elUp. acut. serr. shin. smth. glau. gr.ye, 4. 7. Britain H.C. 

nMn. t.w. reflexed-flow'd. lane.dent.old leaves glau.&smth.Ger.viU. 3 H.^. 

B.B. common dwarf. eUip. lane. glau. silky. Ger, viU. 6r.ye. 5. Britain H.^. 

E.FL wrinkled. orbic. obt.ent. glau. retieul. Ger, viU. re. 6. 7. .... li,3t. 

ntbmu t.w. blunt-leaved, obov. ent. smth. shin. Ger. smth. gr.ye. 4. 8. Italy. 1763. H.^. 

rfgUa. i.w. stiff'-leaved. elUp. lane, rigid , smth. Ger, smth. gr.ye. 4. 5. N.Amer.l811. H.^. 

■Marls. t.w. river. eUip.smth.glau.pnbes.Ger.8ub-vill.gr.ye. 5. Svritzeri. 1824. H.C. 



DKECIA DIANDRIA. 



|j)f Mod 



Fl. Con 



Vrjif 



ir.Fl.Roiemaiy-ld. 

ronnil -leaved. 

RTceD-leaved. 
. dlkj-Tock. 
I. RfAtani. 
v.SchleicIier'i. 

<ilky -leaved. 

Thyme-lpaTed. 

sIky-lesTed. 

withered point'd 

■nridcd. 

creaking. 

imaU'leaxid. 

mb-alpine. 

thia-leiTed. 

foar ranked. 

four-seeded. 

slenderer. 

loDtE-ld.triBDdro 

dark. 

elm-leared. 

W4Te-lea«cd. 

dark American. 

bilberTjr-leai'd. 

vBudin!>-SaUow. 

Tirimu-color'd. 

Tillom-leaved. 



nolacea. An.Sep. Tiolet-colonrcd. 
virjiceiu. l.w. terdanl-OsieT. 
rirx&ta. B.w. twigiey. 

*itellina. Br.FI. poldep-Ogier. 
Weigeliana. K.v. Weigpiian. 
WlUdeDairiiia.9. w. W iUdenon'i. 
Vuifeiuina. s.w. Wulfen's. 



■erpyllifolia. s.w. 
Smitluiin. Br.FI. 
■Ardida. t.w. 
>]4»ceUta. Br.FI. 
■tipoUrii. Br.FL 

■nb-^pina, s.w. 
teoolfoliB. E.FI. 
tetr^ila. E.FI. 
tcUaspenna. i.vi. 

triaiidra. Br.FI. 
triilU. t.w. 

I MBdnl&ta. i.w. 
' Vn-tni. 

ncciniilolia. e.B. 

vaud^mii. i.n. 

niiiilAis. Br.FI. 

Tenicolor. g.w. 

Taiamiu. «.«. 



lin. lane. ent. silky. Gtr. ulky. gr.ye. 
OTbic.serr.glau.suli- hairy. Gfr.imtli. g.i/. 
lin. lane. serr. aDtb. Grr. silky- g^'S'- 
obov. scut. serr. pnbei. Ger. vlll. gr.yf, 
lane. aerr. smth. Grr, smth. g''-y'- 

ellip.lHDCserT.glan.pubea.Gcr.sTDth. g.y. 
ellip. lane silky. Gtr. fill. ick-nt. 

or, lane. acut. CDLsmth. Crr.smth.gr.yf. 
lane. acni. dcnL downy. C«r. silky .^.yi. 
ellip. lane. serr. pnbei. gUn. g.it. 

.ellip.obov.eDLserr.dDffn.Crr.Till. gr.yt. 
tanc.cren.n-avyipiibes. Gn-.vill. gr.yt. 
obov.ellip.glan.dcnt.pnbu. Grr.vUI. g.g, 
m. Line. acQt. silky. Ger. viU. tc.ge, 

b-cnLvilL &whi[e. f.y'- 



ellip. lane. » 

ell ip .acutiCET.sm lb. glau. Gn'.vill. gr.yt. 
ellip. obi. serr. glan . Grr. smlh. f.yr. 
obi. lane. serr. smth. glaa. Gtr-smth. g.y. 
obo.iin.acuUcreD .imtb.glaD. G n-.Till.; . j. 
.lin.olil.lancKerrjintb. Gcr.niitli. gf-yt. 
lin.lanc.ent.>Ditb.oboT.pDbes.l>eD. gT.yc. 
OT.ellip .serr.glaii.pubes. Gfr.imth. ^.yi. 
■in .lane, acans.smth.serr. Gcr.su b-Till.g'.y. 
tpatul.oboT. ent. imth. Ger. smlh.gT.yr. 
ov. lane. i«rr. smth. KlaD.Gf. silky .^.jr. 
cllip.serr.i'ill.glau.pubei. Gfr.vill. gr.ye, 
ov. serr. smUi. flan. Ger. rill. gf-y^' 
ellip. *ub-dent. glaa. pub. Grr .silky, f.y. 
ellip. ape i.acnI.srath.terr.Gn'.snitfa. g.y. 
obov, tanc.vill.serr. Gfr.silky. g'-S'- 
lio, silky, wavy. Grr, rill. g^-!f- 

. lin. lane, smlli. serr. glao. f ■)"■ 

lin. smth. serr. Ger. smth. e''-y'- 

lio. lane. imlh. lerr. g^-y'- 

lanc.acut.serr.smtb.glau.G>r jnnth .gr. ye . 

ellip. smth. glau. serr. Ger. «ill. f i-.jif. 

ellip.lanc.denl.glDU, Ger.vill. gr.ye. 

cIlip.scrr.smth.sQb.cord.Grr.imth.fr.yc. 



4. S. Britain. .. 

Switieri. ISM. 

England. .. 

i, Scotland. . . 
4. 5. England. . . 
Switzert. 1834. '. 

a. AlpsEnr.lSia. 
4. B. SwiUerl. IBIB. 

3. 4. England. .... . 

4. Switieri. ISSO. 

4. S. Scotland 

5. Britain 

5. 4. SwitEeil.1890. I 
T.S. Scotland 1 

4. a. Switieri. 1S24. 1 

5, 6. Britain I 

4. Scotland, - — I 

E.Iiid. 1T96. 

Britain I 

3.8. .... 1 

S.4. N,Anier.lT6S. 1 

4. Switieri. IBIO. I 

4. a. Gennan. 1819. I 

Labrado. tSlI. 1 

Scotland I 

). 4. Switieri. 1824. I 

4. 5. Scotland 1 

Snilieri. 1823. I 

a, 6. S.France.IBlS. I 



1. 4. Russia. ..■■ 

4. a- Switaeri. IBIt. 
a.6 

5. 5. EngUnd 

2. S. Sile<ua. ISM. 



. S.Scotland 




ORDER III. 

TRIANDRIA. Stamens 3. 



[Pel.l. Sm-.^lMlI.vltl9i 
EMPETTRVM.CROWBERRV. Barr. fi. Cat. S-el^ft. Cor.qfipii,. Fila.3-9. Fert.fi. Cd.%-A 



nlgmni. E.H. 



white-berried, lin. edges revol. rough above. 4. 0. Portiigal.in4. H.^. Satif^ 
black. lin. obi. margins recun. gr. 4. S. Britain H.^ M 




DICECIA TRIANDRIA. S17 

EnfUUi Fonn of CoLof Month NatlTO Yr.or /toll ud 

Num. Name. Leairet»Ac. Flow. ofFl. Conotry. Introd« Propi|ttioi. 

[Cor.O. "SuUtuhu* Berr,qfZceU*jt^2ued9ineaeh, 
RKTSCVS, BUTCHEitS'BROOM, Barr.JL CaL<tf6un€q.Uave», Cor.O. Fert.fl. Cal.tifeUavet. 

Mole&tes. B.P* coimiKMi. ot. acnt. obliq. wh, 12.6. England H,^»Stmdy Loam, 

ndwdgjmu^ cfimbing. or. acom. smth. ent. yeL 4. 5. Canaries.lTlS. Q,Sb»cU cuHuiga. 

Hjpoiili3rlliiin.w. thick-leaved, ot. ent. smth. gr.yeL 5. 6. Italy. 1648. H.^. ^— - 

AlexaDd.-laarel.oy.lanc. Raceme terminal.^r.y. 6. Portagal.1713. H.jj^ ■ 



STlLA'GOfSTILA'GO. MaUaikiubu.Z'A'tootk* Ctfr.O. 5(eim.2-$. Fem,2'b\fid. Drupe l-teeded, 

Uniits.w. Lanrel-leaved. ellip. smth. ^. 8.10. E.Indie8.1757. S.^^* Sandy loam 
ttndnuw. diandroos. ellip. ent. smth. gr, 1800. S,^,t^ peat, eutt. 

WILLDEN(yVIA,WILLDEN(yVIA. MakeaLofman.glwn. Cor,qf6pet, Fem,cal.cor,l^neeJheMme. 
w. roond-stalked. Bran, roond, smth. br, 6. 8. C. B. S. 1700. F.9« 



ELEGFAfELEGrA. Male eal.qf 6 glumes. Cor.O. Fern. ike iome. Sty.Z, Cape.O-ceUed. 

racemed. 5t«mcbann.8path.ov.obt6r.4. 6. 1804. F.9« 



PHCETNIXf DATE-PALM, MeiUcal.i'pan, Pet. 3. Fern, flow, the same. Sty. I, Drupe ov, obi. 

■etana.Rotb. stemless. Fronds pinn.plnnelln.ensif. st. K.lnd. 1820. S.^,LoamtFpeat. 

daitjflifefa. w. common. Frondspinn.leaO.lin.lancJt Levant. 1597. G.^. 

Miiffeim.w. small. Fronds pinn.leafl.lin.8uba.«f E. Ind. 1800. S.|b* 



ORDER IV. 

TETRANDRIA. Stamens 4. 

[Pet. 4. Berr. o/l ceU^ with 1 heartshaped seed. 
TTSCVM, MISSELTOE. Barr.fl, Cal.O. Cor.qflpeLA-el^t. Stam.A. Feri.fl, Cal. a dight border, 

B.F. common-white, lane. obt.; tftm. forked, ye. S.England H.^. 



[of I ceUy with l-furrowed seed, 
BIPP'OPHAE^ SEA BUCK-THORN, Barr.fl, Cal.2-clift, Cor.O. Fert,fl, CaLclov, Cor.O. Ber, 

qnadMniii Nntt. Canadian. lin. lane. smth. above, gr, 4. 5. N.Amer. 1759. H.^. — 

ifcaBDoides. b.f. common. lin. lane, silvery ben. gr. England H.|^. ■ >■ 

[the catk. cone, Berr. qf 1 cellj 4* 1 eeed. 
MTRTCAy CANDLEBERRY'MYRTLE, Barr.fl. Catk,imbr, ScaUscone. Cor.O. Fert,fl. Scal.qf 

cvffeia. w. common. obi. baseattenuat. apexserr. 5. 6. N.Amer. 1690. H.^. i^aad^ loam, 

cwdiiblia. beart-leaved. sess. cord. serr. br, 5. 7. C. B. S. 1750. 6.|^. cuttings. 

OUe. Wi Sweet-Oale. lane. serr. alt. smth. br. 6. Britain H.^. ■ 

fKrdfdlia. Oak-leaved. obi. opp. sinuat. br. 6. 7. C. B. S. 1752. 6.^. 

MACLITRA, MACLITRA, MeiUeaik. Cal.A-cl^, Cor.O. Sty.flliform,tillous. 

amnHaca. l.p. Osage Apple, ov. ent. Br. spiny. gr, 6. Missouri. 1824. H.^. 

BRirCEA, BRV'CEA, Mak€al,A'pan. Pet, A. Nect.ilob. Fern. caps. A^singUseeded. 
femgiiiea. w. Ash-leaved. pioo. leafl. ov. ellip. st. 4. 5. Abyssini. 1775. S.|b. 



2F 



tU DICECIA TET&AKDUA* 



jrVLAX^A'VLAX. MUeJLrmtem. CiLt. PW.4. FemuJL Stig.Miq. 

UJBr, |Mif if iTfd fififom. <^HB. flMk. jfc 7. 9. C. B. S. ITMi G^. Sniff pmi 
llJr, irfiiniit liB. flat, ffatoL 9r.«.a. 1774. 6.^^ Iocm. arfft. 



LEVCADeNDRON, LEUCADPNDRON. MmUJLt^UmU. C«L9. Pff.4. Fok/. SI^.^MifM. 

SOrer-trve. fane lOkj. Br. tID. ye. 6. 7. 1681. G^b-Sn^f 

Bos-lesfed. or.laBC.oldoiMtsnooth.9r.6b a. 1812. G4^ 

de cT T cuL fpot. laoc coocare. ye. O.^ csMu^ga. 

.£.r. tarige-flonered. lane obL smooth. ye. 4. 6. 1780. G.^ ■ 

fieatberf. lin. lane obKq. fntfa. ye. 6. ft. 1790. G.|k. 

•plight. lin. hnc mocr. yel. 4. 6>. 



• • • • 



ORDER V. 

PENTANDRIA. Stamens 5. 

[crac. Cfr.9. ^.1. fffnffrii^ 
BifMULUS, BOP. B^rr,/. CcLi^^e^ncUmcf. C«r.O. FOokS. Feit./. Callc.t«^. CdL<Mbi 



IiipafaM.w« ooDBioii. 8-5-lob. serr. rough. jre. 6. 8. Britain. ....H.9««i. ■ 

PJ8TA'CIA,MA8TICK'TREE. M9M.aa,i^ent. Cor.^. Fewn.e^.Z-fid. C«r.O. ^.S. Berr. Mb^lfb 
Leotlictit. common. pino.leafl.Unc.eDt.8mth. pic. 5. 6. Africa. 1664. S.J^ . 



ZANTHOXnUM^TOOTn-ACHE-TREE. MaUcal.S-part. Fm.«y.5. Cops. S^, SMgrle-Med. 

CliTa-H^rcolU.w.Lentiscos-rd. ptnn. leafl. ov. acum. wh, 4. 5. W.Ind. 1739. S*S^L9am ^ pnL 
fnudneam. w. common. pinn.leafl.ov.slightly8err.gr. S. 4. NAmer. 1759. H.^ cmUimgi, 

oltidom. B.M. fhining. pinn.leafl.obl.gland.serr.pi(e. 5. China. 1829. G.Jb* — — — 



ORDER VI. 

HEXANDRIA. Stamens 6. 

IBerr. S-cei/. with 2 teeda ta meL 
TA*BiU8fBLACK'BRYONY. Barr.fl. Cal.O. Cor.6'pan. Stam.6. Fert.fi. Cai.O. Cor. mi 

C0Dim6nis» E.F1. common. cord. ent smth. shin. gr.ir^ 5. 8. England. .... H.^. 



[Aoiry. Seeds rt m^ f^nm. 
COCCULOS,COCCULUS. Male eal.qf 6 leaves. Cor.qfepete. Fern, cat. if cor. the aame. Fr.i 

pahn4tns. b.m. Palmate-leav'd. cor.5*7-lob.pil.lob.entlan.gr £.Ind H.^.d. - 

SMTLAX^ SMI LA X. Maec. cal. qf6 leaves. Cor. 0. Fern. eal. o/6 leasee. Cor. 0. Sty. 8. Berr. : 

ispera. w. rongh-Bindwood. cord.lia8tdent.lan. toA.gr. 9. S.Eorop. 1648.H. j^.cl. Smtif 

aostriilis. oblong. obi. acat.5-nerv.8mtb.ro.gr. 5. 7. N. S.W. lS^5.G.^xkifU^fwmJd. 

herbicea. b.m* herbaceons. or. acum. 7-nerv. gr. 7. N.Araer. 1869.H.9.cli partin g 

gljdphylla. Botany Bay-Tea.obl.lanc.S-DerT.ghiu. irik.gr. 5. 0. N. S.W. 18U.iLJb*ci* piaii$^eit 



DICBCIA HEXANDRIA. 210 

Srileiiiatlc BiflUh Form of CoUf Moiitb Native Tr.of SoUtnd 

'(*■■<• Name. Leaves, Ac Flow. ofFI. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

gh6ei.B.if. gbucooa. orbic. o?. nmcr. glau. wJi. 5.7. N.Anier. 1811. H.^.c/. cuttings. 
SamparilfaLW. Medidiia]. or. lane, cuspid, gfam. w^. 7. 8. 1664.H.^.c/. 

DIOSCOTRLAf DIOSC(yRIA. MaUeai.&'fart. Cor.O. Fem.tty.%. Cap8.Z-celL compr. S€edi2. 

fwte ^ ta . w. prickly. cord, orbic T-neir. gr, 7. 9. £. Ind. 1803. S.JfM, Sandy «oti. 

Wbiftra* w. bfldb-beaiiog. cord.OY.acam.;«<jii.balbi.^r. 1692. S.9*c/. cuttings^ or 

MtfTS. w. commoD. coitL or. cuspid. gr, W. Ind. 173S. S,Jf.cI. part, roots* 

i^Anu w. tUIoiis. opp. cord, acorn. Till. re,gr. 8. N Jjner. 17aS.H.9*<?^ — 

MA*BA^MA'BA. MaU eoLUclrft. Cor^tutnu^-fid. Fern. drupe ^ceUed,celU2'$eeded. 

Boz-leaTcd. obo?. ent. >l.hexand. tch E.Ind. 1810. S.^, 



ORDER VIT. 

OCTANDRIA. Stamens 8. 

ICatk, as in barren. Caps, qfl cell^ 8f 9 txUves, 
P</PULU8f POPLAR. Binr.fl, Catk.many-flow. Cat, dl-Ji'd, torn seal. Cor.t(fipet.turbi. Fert.fl. 

cotd.lob. dent. nvh. ben. ft. 8. 4. Britain H.CT. Sandy loam. 

cord, angul. acnm. tooth. ^. 3. Carolina. 1738. H.C. layers^ or 

ov. acum. serr. wh. ben. fl. N.Amer. 1692. H.C. cuttings. 

orb.ang.rep. tooth, hoar.ben. 1772. H.C 

orbic. wavy,tooth.doiivnyben. 3. 4. England H.C 

deltoid,acum.8err.sinth. sc, 5. Italy. 1758. H.C. 

ov. orbic. serr. smth. fl. 3. 4. Archipel. 1799. H.C. 

neckL-bearing. sub-cord. serr. smth. fl. 8. 5. Canada. 1772. H.C. 

black. deltoid, serr. smth. fl, 3. 4. Britain H.C. 

E.F1. Aspeo. orbi.dent.smth.on both sides. ' .... H.C. 

[Pet, 4. Caps. A,qfl cell, 4* nunuf seeds. 
MHODrOLAfROSE'ROOT. Barr.fl. Col. A-parted. Pet, A. Nect.A. FUam.S, Fert.fl, Cal,A-cl^, 

E.FL common. obov. imbric glao. dent ye, 5. 7. .... H.^. Sandy loam. 

slips from root. 



mm.w. 


Abele-tree. 


■Vdftta.w. 


Carolina. 


Inhamifera. w. 




cfadkans. w. 


vrfaite. 


^^^^^K^^w^^wW# WW 9 


grey. 


atita.w. 


Lombardy. 


|r*«i.w. 


Athenian. 


Mrittfenuw. 


neckL-beari 



ORDER VIII. 

ENNEANDRIA. Stamens 9. 

[the same. Caps, qf 2 lobes i^ 2 elasi, cells. Seed I, 
MERCURIA'LIS, MERCURY. Barr.fl. Cal.l'Cleft. Cor.O. i9(am./rom9(ol2. Fert.fl. Cal,ifcor, 



E.FL annual. ot. lane. smth. serr. gr, 7. 9. .... H.9. 

iMKrtfiin, L. woolly. oW. hairy, apex serr. gr. Spahi. 1640. H.Sb. " 

J same as in the barren. Caps, 0/6 cells. Seeds numer, 
, ^ eepsegm. Pet.i. FilaM.9. Fert.fl. CaUirp^t.the 

ll^nas.riii».B.FL common. renlf. obt. pnrp. ben. wh. 6. 7. Britain H.10.9. p- 

2FS 



220 DICECIA DECANDRIA. 



ORDER IX. 

DECANDRIA. Stamens 10. 

SjntemaUc English Form of Col.of Month Native Yr.or _ 8«ll 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. 



CA'RICA^ PAPAW'TREE. CaU5'tooth. Mas.cor.funneUshap. Fern. cttr. 5'part, Stig.5. 

Pap&ya. b.r. common* palm«7-part.8egm.obl.8iDiui. 7. 8. India. 1690. 8.|b*i 
canlifldnu w, stem-flowering, palm.5-lob.midd .lobe sinuat. 6. 8. Caracas. 1806. S.|b* CMiimgM 
mlcrocirpa. w. small-fhiited. 3-5-partmidd.lob.3-part. it. ' S^&.wMlersfiMfc 

GYMNOCLA'DVSf GYMNOCLA'DUS. MaUeal.S'toothed. Pet, 5. Fem.sty.\. Legu.l-cOUd. 
canadensis. w« Canadian. bipinn. leafl. ellip. qy. wh* 5. 6. N.Amer. 1748. H.C .— i—. 

8CBrNVS,8CHrNUS. MaUcal,S'Cl^. Pet. 5. Fem,flowerg the same. Berr.Z-eeUed. 

dentita.H.K. toothed-leaved, ellip. dent. smth. wh. 1705. Q.Sb* S€itifUmt 

m6Ue. w. soft. pinn. leafl. ellip. serr. wh, 7. 8. Peru. 1597. Q.StAP^^^"^ 

CORIA'RIA, CORIA'RIA. Cal,&'part, Cor.O. Anth. bifid, Sty,0, Ct^, 5, single-ieeded. 

myrtifSlia. w. Myrtle-leaved, ov. lane. smth. gr, 5. 8. S.Europ. 1629. H.^. Smmig 

sannentte. b.m. rannhig. cor.ov.acnm.ent.5-nenr. gr, 7. 9. N.Zeala. 1820. G.^. oiMyr** 



ORDER X. 

DODECANDRIA. Stamens 12, or more. 

IBerr. I as a i w f . 
MENISPBRMUM, MOON'SEED. Mas, col. i^f 2 leaves. Pet. 4. Fern, cor. Stam.SytteHU. Gcr.S-S. 

canadensis, w. Canadian. pelt cord, angol. smth. ye, 6, 7. N.Amer. 169l.H.^.d. Samdjf miL 

Vifginicnm. w. Virginian. pelt. cord. lob. g^^y^* — ^ 1732.H.^.c2. euttmgt, cr 

p9rtwgT$$it^ 

EVTLEAf EU'CLEA, MaUcal.S'part, Cor.B'Cl^, Fem.»ty,2. Caps, Z-comeredyt-^Ued. 

iiiidnl4ta. wave-leaved, obov.undul. wA. 6.10. C. B. S. 1794. Q,S^,L9amifpeti. 

euiiutgM* 



order XI. 

ICOSANDRIA. Stamens numerous^ inserted in the calyx. 

FLACOV'RTIAfFLACOVRTIA. MaUcal.S-par. Car.O. Sta.nMme. Fem.stig.uu, Ber.wuwfc al L 



84pida.w. Esculent. ellip. obt. serr. repand. wh* 6. 7. £. Ind. 1800. S,Sb*P*^ 4* 

cttHiaf*. 

ROTTLERAf ROTTLETRA. MaUcal,2'part, Cor.O. Fern, etU. i-dent. Sty, I. Ceq^t-^M^M-med. 

tinctdria. Rozb. dyers. alt. obi. ellip. gr. T. 8. 181 8 J^. 



DICEGIA POLYANDRIA. 221 



ORDER XII. 

POLYANDRIA. Stamens numerous, inserted in the Receptacle. 

lyitrimtlc EnclUb Form of CoLof Month Nttlve Yru>f 8oU and 

Name Nune. LeaveifAc. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 

CLIFF(yRTIA,CLIFFO*RTIA. CdLt^l^. Pet.O, Stam.nmHerw8, Stig. bearded, eUmi^. 

midSXttu w. Heatb-leaved. Un. ffulcate, smth. crowd. H. 7. 9. C. B. S. 1700. G.Jb* Sandy loam 

BIdlMh. w. HoUy-leaved. snbrot. ellip. amplex. H, 5. 9. 1714. 6.|^. and peai. 

•toffdto. w. oboordate-fd. ' obcor.thelow.8abrot.elli.«t. 6. 8. *— * 1700. G.^. cuttings. 

WIMhita. w. three-leaTed. tenn. lane ent pilose. Mt. 4. 7. — ^— 1752. G.|b* 

CTCASf CVCAS. MaUeatk.imbr. Cal.a9paih.»eale. Cor.O. Fern. «/Nidu; 2-nd. ean/lcompr. 

cMiiilli. bioad-leaTed. FroDd8pin.leafl.lln.lanc.flat. 6. 6. £. Ind. 1700. S.|b* 

nfolfita.B*M. narrow-leaved. Fronds pin.leafl.lin.macr.6r. 7. 8. China. 1787. S.^. 



[Gfr.2. Sty.O. Berr.2,U$eeded. 
ZA'MlAf ZA'MIAm Male eatk, like a cone. Cat, an obovate scale. Cor. 0. Fert, cat, scaUpeUate. Cor, 0. 



r. long-leaved. Frond pin.ieafl.lanc.acat.6r. 6. 8. W. Ind. 1777. ^.^.LoamifpeaJt, 

teivieea. broad-leaved* leafl. lane. serr. br. 7. 8. 1601. S,^.suckersfrom 

Ufflda. w. gray. leafl. lane. acut. br. 0. 8. C. B. S. 1800. O.^.baseqf plants, 

ialcgrifiUa. b.r. entire-leaved, leafl. lane, apex serr. br. W. Ind. 1768. S.|b* 

pv. qaral. leafl.80-40pr8.apex3-6-den.7. 8. N.S.W. 1706. G.^. 



ORDER Xm. 

MONADELPHIA. Stamens united into one set. 

[Ca/. 8-c2</>. Pet. 3. Berr.Z-ueded, 
iWTPERUSy JUNIPER, Barr.fi. Catk.imbr.tDtthi rows qf somewhat pelt, scales. Cor.O, Fert. ft. 



common. S in a wborl, lin. glau. yel. 5, 6. Britain H.J&. Sandy soil, 

r, Chinese. decurr.crowd.uppertem.ye. China. 1804. H.S^.ctUtingSfOr 

tall. opp. obt. gland. yel. Siberia. 1806. H.^. seeds. 

ik^a^kuu w. red Cedar. tem.yonng leaves imbricye. N.Amer. 1664. H.^. -. 

[Seed 1, enveloped in the pulpy calyx, 
TA'XUSfYEW, Barr.fl. Cai.O, Cor.O. FUam.numer. Anth.pelta. Fert. ft. Cal. cup-shaped, Cor.O, 

heefala. E.FL common. distich, lin. smth. yel. 2. 4. Britain H.C Sandy soiL 

P Hbirmca. Irish. yel. Irekmd H.^.cntt,or ueds. 

iMAUCA'RIA,ARAUCA'RIA, MaUcatk.imbrie, ufaM. 10-12. Fern. cal. scale Umc. Sty.O. 

knili&na* Brazilian. imbr. Ian. mncr. glau. ye Brazil. 1810. H,^.Loamtf peat, 

OnnlngfaimiL Cunningham's, needle-sh. mncr. ye N.HoU. 1824. F.^. cuttings^ or 

Bete. H.K. Norf.-Isl.-Pine.closeIyimbr.inflex.pointl.ye Norf. Isl. 1708. O.C* seeds, 

kMcita. w. Imbricated. imbric. ov. lane mncr. ye Chile. 1706. H.C. — ^— 

[Cap«. A'Celledy many-seeded. 
HBPENTHES, PITCHER-PLANT. Cal. A-clrft^spnading, coloured inside. Cor.O. Stig.pOt.sess. 

<ili]litdria.w. cylindrical. 8e8i.flat FttcJber'scylind.^.4. 6. Ceylon. 1780. S.lf. Sandy peat, 

seeds. 



DIffiCIA MONADELPHIA. 

Nimt. Lrivei, *t. Ruw. ofFL Couolij. lou'od. 

'PBEDRA, EPHEDRA. Mult cat. i^l^. Slam.!. Ftm,cQl.2-paned. 

I. prat. £r. nlUi2U>othedJDiiiU. 6.7. France. ISTO. H.S- 



ORDER XIV. 

GYNANDRIA. Stamens inserted on the Germen, or Style. 

CLVYTtA.CLVYTiA. Mas.cal.i.parUd. Pet. 5. Ftm.tly.i. Capi.i-cdUd. Siediin-tt. 
abtemoides. w. nanow-leaTCtl, tin, lane. acnt. mu. irt. 12.3. C. B. S. I69S. 0.$. Loam If i 

coUlna. w. hill. ellip,obl.retuse^nitbjl]ia.rf E. lad. ISOT. S.|t. mttli. 

daphnoldei. w. Daphne-like, obuv.ellip.mucr.smtb. Kh. 5. 6. C, B.S. ITSl. G.^. eallbit*- 
lunieDt£>a. w. louicntote. ellip.obLboth aides baity. tt.i.C. 1819, G.$. 



h 



CLASS XXIII. 



POLYGAMIA. Stamens and Pistils on the same, or different Jlowerii 
and, also, on the same, or separate jjlants. 

ORDER I. 

MONCECIA, Flowers different on the same plant. 



•Bgnstif^ia. E.Pl. Darrow-leavad. lane. cnt. lowerl-lobcd. gr. 0. 8. Briiain M.3. Ligli 

erttta-E-FI. upright, ov. lane, powdery, gr. 8. England H.S. w 

Iwiiiiiti. E.Fl, frosted-iea. ov. deltoid. tooUi. gr. 7. S. Briiain H.a. — 

KUofiUa. E.Fl. Grau-leaved, lin. obi. ent. deut. ;r. 8. 9, .... H.a, — 

pltnbk E.R. apteading. triang.hasLsmih.dent. gr.s.ll, ..,. H.a. — 

pprt«lBMMea.E.FI.Se>PuraIaDc. opp.obov.lanc.eDUmlh, gr. 7. 8. .... H.ft. — 

ptilaBcalita.E.FI. pedunculated, obo*. hmc. ent. ^. 7. 0. England U,tU — 

rflGA,rSGA. CuHnbul. Cor.regiU. Legu. of many celU. CtlU tingU-utdtd. 

ilba. DC. while. in 3 pairs,1eafl .obi .smth. ii>h. 7. 8. Cayenne. tSM. S,3S Sati 

n6nala. Kth. anomalous, pinn.l5-i7 palrB.leaH.liii. Mexico. 1789. 8.*. *■< 

Acieia grandifiira. w, *^ 

dUda.DC. •weet. pinn. leafl. obi. miicr, 5. 7. E.Jnd. 1800. 8.*. — 

HawtAnl. DC, HooiWo'i. ln6-7 paira.Uafl.obliq. u>fc.l).ll. V.Ctui. 1729. S*. — 

mdliftn.tK. honey-bearing. In 2 pairs, half-obo*. wA. 4. B. Arabia. 1896. 8.*. — 

narpClroa. HC. piiiple. conjug.plnn.leafl.obov. pur. S. S.W. Ind. 1781. S.ft. — 

[rating ia tiaglt-ittdM, 
UWVSA.MtUtySA. HiTmaph.c<d.S-toetkid. Cor.O.w S-U»th. MiUcal.^ttr.lktum- "- 

--^gj^l, n^_ iwigb. b!pinn.pinn,8-12 p^rj,leafl. 8. 7. ■ isas. S.ft. 

pJiltWHi IT Humble- plant, digit, pinn.; iim.prickly.iofc. 4.9. BtaiiL 1688. S.ft. 

mm^Utlti^' geoiitive-plaat. pin. leafl. balfoT.hairjbo.pk, 1«*8. S.J- 



POLYOAMIA MONCECIA. 



223 



Bofllsk 
NnDC 



Form of 



CoLof Month Native Yr.of 
Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. 



SoUud 
ProptgatloB. 



AC A' CI A^ AC A' CI A. HerwMph,eaLfi'tooth. Cor.qfSpeU, Si^m.numer. LegM.2'Vdlted, 

wnaktsu B.K. aimed. sess. ent. 0¥. obliq. yel, 4. 6. N.Holl. 1803. G,S^, Light Bondf 

ilbi. white. bipin.wiogs 7-10 pairs, w £. Ind. 1828. 8.^^. soiH^peat. 

affiids.Swt. kindred. bipinn. leafl. lin. glaa. y«L 8. 9. N.Holl. 1822. G.S^, The most qf 

tqwia. rough. ov. ellip. prickly. y, 1824. 0,S^.the tpeeies ^ 

ilbida. B.R. whitish-leaTed. Leafl.8-10-pair8,Uii.acat.ye/ Peru. G.J^. thiMinte- 

aagostifolia. B.c. narrow-IeaTed. Ud. mncr.base attennat. si, 2. 6. N. S. W. 1700. Q. ^.resting tribe 

alkta.H.K. wing-stalked. Br .winged 2 ways,prick.yW. 4. 7. N.HoU. 1803. Q.S^.qfplantSyttre 

Br6wnii. DC. Brown's, lin. sabnl. mucr. pang, st, 3. 6. N. S. W. 1796. G.^. freely in" 

Aeiaddris» h.k. creased by 

Uttn. B.K« two-flowered, triang. 1-nerv. ye. N.Holl. 1803. G,S^,cutiings, wn- 

cSili. H.K« ciliated. bipin.wiogs 3-4 pair8,leafl.l 3 . . . . S. Amer. 1823. S .^. der a ghss, 

afaniiolia. B.R. bodkin-leaTcd. filif. compr.; £r.smth. yel, 1.12. N. S.W. 1822. G.|&. or by ueds^ 

onrfgenu w. Cnckold-tree. bipinn. spines nnited* y. 5. 6. S. Amer. 1G92. S.J^. sown in 

decfpiens. h.k. paradoxical. triang. trapezif. mncr. yel. 3. 0. N.HolL 1803. G.^. spring, 

bipinn. in 6 pairs. yel, 1788. G.^. ■ 



dbeolor. w. 
dedirrena. w. 

^ifftsi. B.R. 

Mcata. w. 
JiBbrissio. 
jmipcrina. w, 
lo|ihiiitha« w. 
fwifaiia. 
fiaifilia. B«ii* 
liBita.DC 
Ifprosa. B.R* 
liagUolfai. w. 



paradoxical. 

two-colonred. 

decnrrenL 

diffose. 

sickle-leaved. 

smooth. 



plnn.wing8 9-11 pairs, leafl.y. N. S.W. 1790. G.^. 

lin. 1-nerT. apex obliq. y. 3. 6. 1822. G.^. 

obi. falcate,acnt.l-nerv. yel. 6. 6. . 1790. G.^. 



bipinn.leafl.of8-12 pairs. 10. 9.1 I.Levant. 1745. H.J^. 

Joniper-leaved. lin. mncr. pung. st. 3. 6. N. S.W. 1790. G.J^. 

two-spiked. bipinn. in 7-9-12 pairs. sMl.4. N.Holl. 1803. G.^. 

linear-leaved, lin. flat, smth. yel. 5. 6. 1828. G.J^. 

Flax-leaved. lin.erect,macr.;<ptc.glob. ye. 2. 6. N. S.W. 1790. G.|^ 

Lunate-leaved, falcat obi. lunaL glau. yel, 3. 6. V. D. Isl. 1816. G.^. 

Leprous. lin.lanc.sub-falcate,spott.f/tf. N. S.W. 1824. G.^. 

long-leaved. lin. lane. 3-nerv. ent yel, 1792. G.J^. 



Laaibertiana. B.R. Lambert's. pinn. wings 2-3 pairs. pti. 7. 9. Mexico. 1820. G.J^. 

■daBdxylon.B.M. black-wooded, obi. lane. enL sub-falcat yel. 4. 6. V. D. Isl. 1808. G.^. 

■ughiiita. H.K. marginate-1'd. elong. lane. 1-nerv. yel. N. S. W. 1803. G.^. 

■jnUSIia. w. Myrtle-leaved, alt. obi. lane. ent. yel. 2. 5. 1789. G.J^. 

■aerao&ta. b.m. mucronate-l'd. lin.spath.apex.obliq.mncr.y. 9. 1. 1812. G.|^ 

■Mia. DC. toft. pinn.8-18pairs,leafl.30-40-l4. 7. 1818. G.S>. 

dark* bipinn.partialof2 pairs, ye/. 5.7. N.Holl. 1803. G.^. 



O ay eM ms .Swt.An* sharp-poinf d. vertic. lane. lin. sess. yel, 4. 6. N. S.W. 1824. G.^. 

siiitfiopliora. bird-leaved. alt.sess.obl.lan.une.at bascy.— 1825. G.^. 

^tfac cDS , B.II. dovray. vrings3-10 pairs,leafl.6-18p.3. 6. 1790. G.J^. 

priehflla. b.k* shewy. Leafl.5-7 pair8,obl.obov. ye. 4. 7. N.Holl. 1803. 0.^, 

fBdnmgoUbris.B.M .sqnare-staik'd.qninqoij.leafl.lin.acnt.cili.io. 5. 7 1816. S.J^. 

Rue-leaved. pinn. leafl. nneqnal. ye. N.Holl. 1810. G.^. 

upright. lin. base atten.apex orbic.ye. 2. 5. N. S. W. 1790. G.^* 

Mi£uIlds. B.C. sweet-scented, lin. acut. ent. yel. 2. 6. G.J^. 

MMfvita. Sieb. three-nerved, lin. mucr. 3-nerv. yel. 4. 6. 1823. G.^. 

Yew-leaved, vertic. tern. lane. yel. 3. 6. 1817. G.^. 



iriilita. B.R. wave-leaved. Ian.und.mucr.;s;)i'n.in2's.ye/. 1824. 

Mnata. B.R. hook-leaved. ov. obl.obliq.und. mucr. ye/. 9. 1. N.Holl. 1823. G.ib* 

VMidnita. w. whorl-leaved, lin. mucr. pung. ye/. 3. 5. V.D. Isl. 1780. G4b* 

mdHn. B.R. Cunningham's, half-ellip. lane hairy, yel. 2. 6. N.Holl. 1820. G.j^. ^— 

BRIDHTLIA^ BRIDETLIA, Male eal, 5'part, Cor.qfSpets. Fern. flow, the same. Berr.2'Seeded. 

■satina. w. Monntain. obov. ellip, smth. st, 7. 9. £. Ind. 1825. S.Jb* Sandy peat 

IT. spiny. ov. ent. acut. smth. st ■ -< 1829. S,Si.tf Uam, cntt. 



224 POLY6AMIA MOXCECIA. 

Syttematie EnfUsb Form of Col.of Month Native YiMf 

Name. Name. Leaves, &c. Flow. ofFl. Conntry. Introd. 

TERMIN'ALIAfTERMIN'ALIA. Hermaph. eal. S-el^f. Cifr. stam. 10. Male eoL i^ mt. the i 

angoftif&lia. w. narrow-leaTed. liii.1aDC.repao.dowii.ben. ir. 5. 7. E.lDd. 1692. S.C&iulylMM 
molocc&Da. w. Molacca. oboy. ent. smth. wh Molucca8.1816. 8.C. ffpeti, emU* 

CE^LTJS, NETTLE-TREE. Hermaph.eal.5'part. Cor.O. Stam.S. Sty. 2. MaUcaLt^rt. Simm.^ 

aiutralU. l. European, obi. lane, finely serr. gr, 5. S.Enrop. 1799. H.C. S&mif IfOk 

occidendUU. l. American. oy.acum.serr.hairyben. gr, 4. 5. N.Amer. 165d. H.C Ujftn, 

piUnUa. Ph. dwarf. OT.acam.fterr.baseaneq. ^. 5. 1812. H.C. 

ain^nsts. Pers. Chinese. ov. acorn, serr. smth. gr, .... China. 1820. H.C ' 

lMaUad.O. Pet. 6. Gcr.i^ 
VERA'TRUM^VERA'TRUM. Hermaph. cal. 0. Cor.qf6pet9.^Stam.6. Ger.%. Capiat, 



mbom. w. white. , ellip.nery. Race.panic. tr/i. 6. 8. S.Enrop. 1548. H.Jf.Loam^peA 
parviflomm. w. small-flowered, ellip. Race, panic. ^. 7. 8. N.Amer. 1809. H.Jf. duridiag 0^ 
▼Iride. w. green. eUip.obt.nery. Race.pan.^. 1742. H.9* *^mI. 

RHAG(yDIA, RHAGO'DJA. Hermaph. eaUH-eUft. Cor.O. Stam.5, Male cat, 8^ c^r. the 
hast&ta. R« lialbert-leayed. rhom.ha8t.opp.ent.8mth.^. 6. 7. N. S.W, 180S. G.9. 



AWANTHUSyAWANTHUS. MaleeaL5'par. Pet.6. Fern, cal8^ cor. the eame. Gtfr.S-G. CqM.I-Mii. 
glandoldsa. w, Chinese. pinn.leafl.glan.den.atbas.f. 8. £. Ind, 1800, H.C 



CLV'SIA, BALSAM-TREE. CaL cone. AS leaves. P«e.4-5,or6. FilaM.mamf. Cap$. fwre w&i» 

lUba. w. white. * obov. obt. veinless. wh. 7. 8. S.Amer. 1752. S4b« 

flilya. w. yellow. obov. ent. smth. yel. 9. Jamaica. 1769. S.Jb* ^Btd Imt 

Wisea. w. rose*<»loared. oboT. obt. smth. roe. 7. 8. America. 1692. S.|^« w— Irf. 



ORDER II. 



DICECIA. Stamens Sg Pistils on separate flowers^ <§• on different plants. 

\%'8€eded. MaU cal.^-part. PH.t. 
CHAMJPROPS, CHAMJPROPS. Hermaph. cal. t-parted. Cor.qf^ZpetaU. St4iM.e. Put. 6. llnipt 

hiimiUs.w. dwarf. Fronds palin.plic.spin. s<. 2. S. S.Enrop. 17S1. O.J^.PMl^'IsaB. 
Palm^to. w. smooth-stalk*d. Fronds palm.stalk.onarm. et Carolina. 1812. 64b* endure. 

CERAT(yNIA,CAROB'TREE. Cal.S-part. Cor.O. Stam.S. Sty.filif. Legu. leathery. 

sfliqna. B.rep. St.John'8Bread.S-6 pairs, leafl. ellip. ^r. 9.10. Levant. 1570. O.J^. — -. 



[Zpete. Fem. cal. S leaves. Cor. qf 5 pete. 
GLEDrTSCHlA.GLEDtTSCHIA. Hermaph. cal. A-ckft. Cor. (^^ pet. MaU cal. ^Z leaves. Cor.^ 



sin^uds. p.i. Chinese. pinn. leafl. ellip. gr. 6. 8. China. 1774. H.C. Seuiiy 
triacinthoB. Ph, Hon.-Locnst-tree.leafl.lin.obt Br.spiny. ^. N.Amer. 1 700. H.C etetHmgs. 



DiOSPlTROSp DATE-PLUM. Male cal. AS-cl^.* Cor. A-O-part. Fem.sty.A-eH^. B^.S-U- 

discolor, w. Mabola-frait. obl.acut8Uk.giaa.ben. gr Philippin.l82S. O^b* 

£abry6pteris.B.R.glutinlferoi»« ov. obi. lane. ent tmth. gr.i.%.E.lM. 1T90. 84b« eviUbig^. 



POLYGAMIA DICECIA. tttIG 

SyilMMIIc Eaglteb Form of Col.of Month Natlvi Yr.of Soil ud 

Num. Num. Le«vet.*c. Flow. ofFl. Country. Introd. Propagation. 



■OMtiM. w. moontaiii, obL acnt smth. wh, 6. 8. E.Ind. 1819, S.|b. 

Sfab61a. B.R. Blabola-tree. obi. alt ond.entflUk. ye.gr. PliUl.IsI. 1822. S.J^. 

pthhctm. Ph. pobeacent lin. lane, pubes. pa.ye, 4. S. N.Amer. 1812. H.J^. 

viiSiiikina. w« Virgliiiaii. OY.obt. smth. shin, pa.ye.i.6. 1029. H.J. 

MITESiNE^BiY'RSJNE. CaL5'iootk. Cor. half S-cl^. Drupe with a aoHLued. Nect.5^eUed. 

w. Africin. oboT. ellip. serr. gr.pu, 3. 5. C. B. S. 1691. 0.|&. Sandy loam. 

retDse-leaved. obov. retoseydenC gr,pu. 6. Azores. 1778. 0.^> cuitimge. 

ITYSSAfTUPELO. Hermapk.eol.5'pan. Cor.O. Sty.l. Malecal.i^eor. the same. Stau.lO. 

findinini w. wUte. obLentwh.ben. gr N.Amer. 1812. H.|b. Sandy loam 

iiteKrIAlia. entire-leaTed. ellip. obov. ent. tUI. gr .... H.S^J^ peat. eutt. 

twnpta^. w. downy. obi. acam. serr. gr Carolina. 1812. H«|^. or layers. 

PA'NAX,PA'NAX. Cal.6'tooth. Pet. 5. Sty. 2-%, short. Ger. fleshy yCompr.^'Celled. 

wnMtam.w. prickly. pinn.leafl.SyOv.smth. tr^. 11. China. 1773. S.S>. Peat and 

Ihrtiediiim. w. shrubby. 8apradecomp.tooth.ciliat.^r. 8. 9. Temate. 1800. S.J^. sandy loam. 

trifilnm. w. three-leaved. tem.orqain. leafl.O¥.serr.tr. 5. 6. N.Anier. 1759. H.^. cuttings. 

t—fnti^iim. DC. hairy. digiUeafl.obl.lancent. ir Nepal H.J^. 

BURSE^RA^BURSE^RA. Cai.t-S-part. Pet. 9-5 y spreading. Stam. 0-S. Ger.or.Z-eelled. 
IHHBlfera. w. Jamaica. pinn. leafl. oy. acut. wh. 5. 7. W. Ind. 1690. S.J^. 

FICU8, FIG-TREE. MaUcakl-part. Fem.cal.5-part. Sty.l. Recep. fleshy. 



aqoatic. obi. 8-Iob. sinuat. gr. 4. £. Ind. 1758. 8.^. Loam and 

w. Bengal. ov. ent. obt. gr. 4. 5. 1690. S.^. Uqf mould. 

ond-leaved. ellip. obi. ent ^.5.6. 1757. S.ib* cuttings. 

heartpleaTed. ov.lancent base cord. gr. 8. C. B. S. 1802. S.^. 

leathery-leay*d. obi. base cord, atten. gr. 8. 6. E. Ind. 1772. S.Jb. 

Rox. ehistic-gnm. ellip. smth. ent. gr. 1815. S.J^. 

w. Banyan-tree. ov. acum. ent. gr. 1759. S.J^. 

r. shining. obov. ent. shin. gr. 1. 4. 1786. S.J&. 

nfigUaa. w. Poplar-leaved, cord. ov. acum. gr. 8. 1731 . S.^. 

Iturgidf spiny. 
ABCT(yPUS,ARCT(ypUS. Male invol.<^S leaves. Fern, intol. of Heaves. Cor. of 5 pets. Fruit ovate, 



B.IU prickly. cunea.ov.lacin.ortrif.8pin.^ C. B.S. 1774. G.^. 



CLASS XXIV. 

CRYPTOGAMIA. Stamens and Pistil concealed^ so as not to be dis- 
tinguished with any certainty. 

ORDER I. 

FILICES. Fructification only of one kind upon the same species. 

[valves. Seeds small. 
^lYPOTDIUM, POLYPODY. Ct^. inround masses on the back qfthefrand, each qf I ceU, audi equ. 



w. golden. pinnat.ghin.segm.lan.ent y. 3. 4. W. Ind. 1742. S.^. Sandy loam 

■ ^ If i fltt inB. X. Asplenium-rd. pinnatif, segm. half ov. yel. 7. Martinic.1790. S.J^. and peai, 

20 



CRYI'TOGAMIA FILICF.S. 



crauUathiiii, t. 






rigid. 


Dryopteris. l. 


■lcn.-3-braQcb 




tall. 


eS'iunm. Swz. 


.prcadine. 


fVExiDitolium. Jac. Ash-leared. 


iriofdes. 


Iris-leaved. 




Jugbn-leaved. 




club.ii>ou. 


pliipmnMidej. w. 


red. 




Phjlittidis. I.. 


Harrs-tongue. 


puWscen..H.Ic. 


F.pubBscent. 


peeUnalam. w. 






OaK-le-ved. 




.frptiu-w. 


gliding. 


nlgire. B.FI. 






Wthk, 



obl.inith.ent.;SDriiQ row. y. f 

tens . bi pin.aegiD . nearl . ent.y . 
. tern. bipiDn. IcaS. serr. y<4. A 

jNDaal.gtsD.lcail.Uui .seir. jt. 

tripinn. pimiulx pinnutif. y. 

pinn. leaH. lane. wavy. ytl. 

EDuf, ent. BDitb. shin. jrcF. - 
. pinn. leafl. lane, ytl. 5, 

iaDc.enr.sn)tb.;ifin.crecp.yf. 

3-lob.piaDat.leBfl.laii.opp.y. - 
, bipinOHtir. lob. lio. lane, yel.- 
, lane. unth.;S'0riin2rDWB. I/. - 

pectin .legm.opp.lla.obl. yel, — 

pi nDat.segin.Ua.lui. erect, y, T, 

ov.sinuaLfert. pinnatif. yet, 
-Ik.obl.lnnc.ainuat.pianat yr.7, 

obi. ent. fert. tin. lane. gel. 5, 

pinnalir.lob.lin.obl.Berr. yet. 5. 



I. Brazil. ISSO. 
I. Jauuico. 1769. 
I. Caracas, 1822. 

- E. Ind. 1624. 
I. S.A.in«r. 1822. 
', W. Ind. 1TB5, 

ISlfi. 

-Britain 

- W. Ind. 179J. 

-Bonare* 

). W. Ind. n03. 
). E. ind. 1824. 

I. Jamaica. 

:. W. Ind. 1S22. 

I. Britain I 



ASPrDIUIH,SHIELD-FERN. Capt.U 

bipmn.leaR.o' 



, Coi!tTtittrlyroiiiid,arkiUiuy-iliaf.J 

aculedtiim. B.FI. prickly. bipmn.leaR.ov.serr.abliq.ir. e. 8. Britain H.^. J 

aariculatnm. Swi. tariHl. pinn. leafl. falc. lane br. 7. E, Ind. HOB. S.^.oa 

angular?. B.FI, anfular-teaved. bipinD.leatl.ov.obt.friDg. br. Hnngory.ISID, H.9. ■ 

bnlbtferum. Sni. bulbifercins. pinn. acgm. nbl. itn. br. T. B. N.Amer. 103S. H-V. 



cristatam. E.FI. creitcd. pinn.Bnb-cord.DbI.pinnat.ir. ( 

deutilum. B.FI. toothed. pinn. pin na^.ov.obl. pin oat. 6r. 7. Scotland, 

dunietamm. B.FI. thicket. bipinn. leafl. pinnatif. br, 

dilaltltuin. e.r, broad ibarp-tootfa. bipinn .piDiia:.abl. pinn. Jir. 6. 6, Brit:iin, 



P 



. piun».cord .sub- fate. i>r. 7. Jamaica. 17 

pinn .leafl. obi .lane, ere n. br, 6, 

pinn. lane. br. 6, 7. Brilain. . 

lin .Ian .pinn .leafl. a lt.acut.6r, 5. 8, . 

bipinn. lea O.ov.obC.serr. br.6.e. . 

bipinn .leafl. pinlutif.e Dt. lir. 7. 

SlngBporianuni,H.Ic.F.SingaporG.>imp1c,bruBclly lanct^nt. br Singapore... 

ipiDnlosnm. B.FI. prickly-tQolhcd.bipinn.leDfl.obl. pinnatif. br. 6. 8. Britain. .. 

Tiit^ly'pterii.B.FI. manb. plnnJeafl.liai.lanc.pinnat.tr. 7. B. . 



eiallalnm. Swz. lat^. 

gland nlosum. glandnlar. 

Inignnm. brook. 

Loncbitii. Tongh. 

lobitum. B.FI. close-leaied. 

OreApterii. Swi. Heath. 



H.p. 
H.p. 
H.p. 
H.#. 

s.p. 
s.p. 

H.». 
H.p. 
H.». 
H.p. 
S.|). 
H.p. 



CISTO'PTERIS, BLADDER-FERN. Sorirountliih. Inrol. 

tHpinn. leaB, piunatif. br, 



-.by, 




■Ipina. S.F. Alpine. 


IripL 


Cyttta rtjpa. e.t. 




dentdta. E.FI. tootlied. 


bipii 


CyUtadnlila. B.B. 




rrigili^ n.T. brittle. 


bipi 


CyUafrigiU,. k.f. 





ibroailttunLbiueatOimlf 

- .... H.». - 

- .... U.». - 

- ... H^ - 



ASPLE-NIUHI,SPLEEN-WORT. Capi.innumer.Iim 
altemifolinni.B.FI.Blleniate-lT'd. pln.leafl.ait.cuDcat.dent. br. 6.10. Scollaod, . 
Adidutmn-nl gram. B.FI. black Maiden-bair.tripinn.d el toid. lead. 4. 9. Britain. . 



H.«.SMNl|lN 



J 



CRYPTOGAM I A FILICES. 227 

iMUik Form of Col^f Month NaUre Ynof Soil and 

Jiant. Nimc Leaves, &c. Flow, of Fl. Conntry. Introd. PropM^tloa. 

iltonBu wiDfed. huic.piDn.leafl.obl.8err. 6r. 4. 9. Jamaica. S.'^.ditidinf^ the 

nwjWiIl DMglaa's. or. cord. acum. ent. 6r. N.Amer. H.p. plaafs ai tAe 

FOIz-ftiiiiiia. B.r. female. lancbipiD.pinonl.liii.ser. br, 7. 8. Britain H.9* ''^<<> <"* 

tetfiran. B.F. smooA. bipinn.Un.laDC.Ieafl.obo. br. 6. 8. England H.9. Mowing $reils. 

AafiUmmfomUMMm, b.b. 

hMeoiilHiu. B.p. green-laiioeolate.lan.bipinn.Ieafl.obo.den. 6r. 6. 9. England H.9* 

■ ■ rfimni E.F1. aea. pinn. teafl. obt. obi. serr. br, 0.10. Britain H.^* 

Ifldai. B.M. BirdVnest neariy8es8.lanc.ent.smtb.6r. 8. E.Ind. 1820. S.^* 

late-mnrMuB.Fl.wall-nie. bipinn.leafl.obov.tooth. br, 6.10. Britain H.^. 

iqileiitrioiuUe.B.Fl.forked. 3-cleA,tea.altlin.3-tootb.6r. H.J. 

Tridi6iiHUiet.B.Fl.coai.Maiden-liair. pinn. leafl. obi. cren. br. 5.10. .... H.{). 

fMde. E.FL green-Maiden-bair. pinn. leafl. ot. cren. br. 6. 9. .... H.p. 

GRAMMrriSfGRAMMFTIS. Sort obi, nearly linear, ttraighty scattered. Invol.none. 

oftench* B.FL scaly. pinnatif. segm. ov. obt. br, .... H.^p. • - 

dec6rrena.H.IcF.decarrent. pinnatif. segm. lane. ent6r. Indies S.Jfi, 

[other. Seed$ minute. 
SCOLOPBNDRIUMyHARrS-TONGUE. Caps. tin. bet ween2paralUlrein9, Invol.foldingotereaek 

lygftre* B.FL common. obi. cord, at base. br. Britain H.fl. 



BUrCHNUMy HARD-FERN, Caps, parallel on each of the midr, of thefron. Inv. open, towards the rib. 

M- Cape. pinn.pinns.lin.lan.edgesscb.3. 9. C. B. S. 1601. G.^. Sandy loam 

B.FL Northern. pectin.leafl.lin.entsmth. /»r. Britain H.J. and peat, 

iMgilollimi. B.M. long-leaved. pinn. pinnx. lin. lane. br. Trinidad. S.'fi.part. at root. 

FARJCERIA, PARKERIA, Caps, scattered, sessile. Semena large, S-sic/ed, and striated. 
pienfdea.H.IcF. Pteris-like. sterile, frond pinnat. 6r. 8.Esscqaibo.l823. S.©. 



FTERI8, BRAKE* Caps, close to the marg, of thefert. frond, Inrol./rom the inflex. tnarg, of the frond. 

UrapoipArea. l. dark-pnrple. bipinn.Ieafl.lanc.; «<m.pabe. 8. 9. N.Amer. 1770. H.J. Loam and 
H.IcF. two-eared. pin.leafl.lan.bluntl.ser.«^6r. 5. 7. W. Ind. 1824. S.J. sandy peat. 

L. Canadian. pinn.segm.lan.scrr.atbas.6r. 7. 8. Candia. 1818. G.J. dividing 

imU iiliita.H.IcF.toothed. dentpinn.seg.decur.8ub-op. 5. 8. Brazil. 1824. S.'^.plants at the 

iHgifiGa. L. long-leaved. pinn.segm.lin.cord.atbasc. 8. 9. W. Ind. 1770. S."^. roots, or by 

f. palmate. 6-lob.Lobespinnat.segm.lin. 6. 8. 1823. S.J. ueds. 

w, Plumier's. pinn.leafl.opp.pinnat. st.br. 7. S.Amer. 1818. S.J. 

iKANTVMj MAIDEN-HAIR. Mass, ofcaps.round.marg.at the back rf the frond. Covers brown Jlat. 

O|0Bi-Vteeris.B.F.tnie. bipinn.leafl.altwedge-8h.6r. 5, 9. Britain H.J. Sandy peat 

H.Ic.F. Chinese. tripinn. leafl. renif. br. Pern G.J. and loam 

.F.wedge-sliaped. tripinn.segm.3-4-lob.atapex. 8. Brazil. 1820. G.J. mixed, 

ttErapby1liun.H.Ic.F.large-rd. pinn.leafl.opp.8ub-falc. serr. 7. 8. Jamaica. 1793. S.J. seeds, and 

L. pedate. ped.leafl.pinn.scgm.obl. br, 8. 9. N.Amer. 1640. H.J. parting at 

u u kidney-shaped, orbic. renif. cren. br, 6. 9. Madeira. 1699. G.J. the roots, 

■nlitnm. l. serrulate. bipinn.segm.lanc.serrul. br, 8. Jamaica. 1823. S.J. 

Swi. tender. twice comp.pinnul«rhomb.6r. 7. 1793. S.J. 

L. rbomb-leaved. twicecom.pinnulaerhom. 5r. 6. 7. Britain H.J. ■ 



UNMJE'A, LINDS^A, Son lin, paralUltdth the marg, Invol. arising from the tops qf the reins. 
Ph^Arpbm, multiform. segm. ov. obi. flabellif. br, E.Ind S.J. 



CKYPTOOAMIA FILICE*. 

tatUt rsna ol CttM MmU 1^ 

Nmu,. Lwu.Ac. nn. ,- 

1. round- Icared. pmii.lr«d.o«.(iiniwtir. br.yt. 7, % Sead^A fl 

lirorMOC££Ni,A'OTHOCj:,.EJVJ. Sori marginal. InttLmm. '' i j,' ' ii 

(hln-liMiviHl. tritiluu. lead. eUi|>. obi. ir. riiiiliwi If i 

ITtCBVia, ACROSTIC nVM. SariMMrpki. Coju.ctir^. tb(Tnc.<dc^ 

i:ikVlK>rn. i>tvi,riuiidiicciuf.liib.Eat.fert8.IO.N.S.V. lam^ t 

flBfi41ir«ram. whlpiike. |uud. Irafl. lane. S-S. br. £. Ud. l^B. S^^^^ 

*Nli)iuiii. H.lf.l-'. tUluui. auiple.obl. luiocnm. »r. S. 9. Ju ^^ 



LifA'M/ON'/T/.V, UKAtlOXms. Cmpt. u tk* rfliraUtrf m> 
irtMln. H.Ic.l''. liMit-ihaprtl. ftuudconl. obl.fcrt.rab.ir. - 



otfthtfnadt. iauL*. 



PrMNOaRAWMA.arMSOftRAMVA. S«ritiLiturt.»nlluMk.m»M^tl»fi*mit. ^t 

.■.F.L-hvtlanch-l. pinn. mjqi. lub-pionatif.ir. I.TriMaa. . 

■.H.Iu.F.gUiuluUr. wmu. Jiuinalir. pub«. ir. N. S. W. . 



't:j: 



PAS/irA, DAN^A. SaritiMar,dartal,lrt»irKrtt,faraatl. Capt.inSn 
<.F. dliptin. plnii.kad.tUlp.abl.«ctiii]. »r. — 

K. knotlMl. |iiM.(Mfl.i>bl.l>iK.«:ui)i.eot — 

lllVUtyUANfS. BKlSTLB-FiRN. aUu.^tart.nAtM.i, 

VS^rl. ll.IcF. DftJcrV Otbrlllf. spri lob. tr.ji. Mauritiui.. 

,«. ihort-alvlvd. (iiplnoalirjifgin.llB.«Dt. t.jr. 5. 6. Brituu. .. 

nian^-How'f'd. plnii. >rgi>. Unc. wrr. tr. Triuidad. , 

n>n. H.Io.F. curlrd. piunalif. wpn. obi. ir. Jamaica. . 



S.||. 



s.». 



^tMKNOI'UVLLVM. riLMVfBRti. JIan 

I^nM.il.n.-ruabrids«. Upiuuatif.wtU.1 



!»m.tt 






H.ii. ^ 



fOffUWM.LYGODWM. r^t««L»r.«(rk.*ray«dal(*.,,w,i«*r.a(«f ().<ai.ry.vai>i* | 

Torhftd. cM^.hMfl. bi-tripan. ir. P.ofW.Iil. .. S.f. ■ 

0llmUii(. p(HK. [a pair*. h-.yd. S. 9. £. lad. IT93. S.p. 

}ttH'/,/f(A,llQUlZJBrA. Of.m.mM.rti€damiMTimbd»tlkt^KJc l»aLO. 

I'nrlicd. faA-Mfia tin UteBual.alap. ladk*. S^. 



»r.&I.NJUL IBSS. 



*f/ ItffNIA.liL^lcnrStA. Cajw-ufr-wwittaM 
<)>rbM.Kpn-Eii. ra 



MVNIiA, USMVKD-ROYAL. Ctpt.ti»i.tmk.1i^.ift«a^tit 

ClnnBnwn. pian.itctB.bipiHiil ugm i»- €. NJU 

Claytoii's, bipuiaalif.raMT,4«wB W^. K, ^— 

romnan. bipina. lc«B. nM. cnL tr.f«. T. t. Bmm 



L .... Sk». 

— lasi. s.^. — - 



— &«. 

/ 



CRYPTOGAMIA FILICES. 



229 



BnbmMiU 


BsglUb 


Ponnof 


CoLof Month Native 


Yr.of 


Soiluid 


MtlDC 


Nuie. 


Letves«*c. 


Flow. orn. Coutry. 


iBtrod. 


ProptgatloB. 



ONOCLBAf ONOCLE^A. Sort glob, in$er. upon colaim. ncep, Ind, dbl. eomm, placed an edge qfpinnul. 
temfbilit. l. leniitiTe. piim. leafl. lane, ent 6r. 8. Virginia. 17fN). H.9- 

BOTRVCHIUM, MOON-WORT. Cap;$eu.onabraneh,8talk.near.roun. Inv.none, Seediverymin. 

dandfdliom. Carrot-leaTed. delt.tern.leafl.bipinnatif.frr. N.Amer H.f. ■ 

koMu B.FL common. solitary ,pinn.leaflJiin. br,ye, 6. 6. Britain H.f. 

fifgfnEcnm. Sws. Virginian. tem.S-parted,bipinnatif. 6r. 8. N JUner. 1790. H.9- 

OPHIOGLOrSSVM^ADDEB^S'TONGUE. Cap$.ona2'rauk,8pik.l'eeU.i^2'Valv. Cov.O. Seedenum. 
filgitom. B.F1. commoo. 0¥. obt spiked, stalked, br, 6. 6. Britain H.9* — ~ — 

DEPA'RIA, DEPA'RIA. Sori in globular moieet on the teeth qftke margins i^f the fronds. 

MacrieL H.IcF. liacrae'i. pinn. leafl. lanclin.dent br, I.Owhyee S.f. ■ 



ORDER II. 

EQUISETACE^. Fructification^ terminal^ amentaceous. Stem leafless. 

Branches whorledj jointed. 

[filam, with 4 anth, 
EQUISPTUM, HORSE-TAIL, Catk, termin, consist, qfmany stalk. pelt, scales. Seeds it\fold. by 4 spir. 

flntttlle. E.FI. great-water, 
hjemile. E.FL shave-grass. 
pd6stre. E.FI. marsh, 
lylv&ticam. E.F1. wood, 
variegitom* E.F1. variegated. 



Ster.<fm«.with man.angul.br.4. 8. Britain. . . 

6^(m.nak.8triat.8heathswliit. 7. 8. 

5*Jii.fQrr.of 7-8-anglea,whor. 6. 7. 

S^dn.erec t^mth. with man .w 4.5. 

6^<m.nak.rough,decamb. 4-8.6. 7. Scotland. . . 



H.9. 

H.9. 
H.9. 

H.y. 



ORDER III. 

LYCOPODINEiE. Fructif. axillary^ sessile, at the base of the leaves, 
or of the bracteiB. Caps, of 2 kinds, Ud-celled, 2'3'Valved, granules 
numerous, minute. 

lYCOFODIUMf CLUB-MOSS. Caps, \-cett, axil. sess. compr.from 1 -% valvu. Seeds chaffyy «m«. 

il|wram. E.FL Savin-leaved, in 4 rows, acut. keel'd. br. 8. Britain. 

maotfnmn. E.FI. interrupted. in 6 rows, lln. lane. aeut. br, 6. 8. 

abpecnroides. l. Foz-tail-like. 
itn>-vlride.H.Ie. F.dark-green. 
iBBDd&tnm. B.Fl. marsh. 
Sdaginoide8.B.Fl. prickly. 
Scttgo. B.Fl. Fir-like, 
•errfttom. H.IcF. serrated. 



... H.^. 

lin.8abut. tooth, at base, br, 8. N.Amer.l8l6. H.f. 

ov.bifar.horizon.ent.orser.fr. E.Ind S.9* 

lln.lanc.acut;«tm.depre8S.6r.6. 7. Britain H.tr.|p. 

lane, dliat. dent. br, 8. .... H.|p. 

in 8 rows,]ane.;«<m.erect« br. .... H.^p. 

lane. serr. scatter. br. Japan O.J. 



CRTPTOOAMIA M ARSILEACEiE. 



ORDER IV. 

M ARSILEACE^. Fructif. radical, spharical, coriaceous^ 1 or mam/' 

celled. 



Engllih 



Fonn of 



Cd^fMoBth NaUve YrMt 
Fknr. of Fl. Comatry. Iitrod. 



SoOaid 



PILULA'RIAy PILL-WORT. CimnumrecepiaeU qfAcelUyConceaUngthelHirreni^fertiUJloreh, Ml 
globalffera. B.FL creeping. erect, awl-sh. smth. 6r. 6. 9. Britain. . . . .H.w.y. 



I80KTE8, QUILL- WORT. Cam. reeep. qfl aU attkeboie t^fthi frond. Seeds amgu. emMn.% UgeOtr. 
UchUihL B.FL nuuib. awl-sh. 4-aDgiil. br. ....H.1P.9. 

MARStLEA, MARSTLEA. Incol. eub-cv. ekauum, numy-ceUedy cells in 2 rowSy androgimoms. 
^pndrififiiL L. four-leaved. obov. con. ent smth. S.Eiirop.l820.H.w.9. 



3S1 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 



DIANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

SjrttemUe Bnflisb Form of Col.of Month Natire Yr.of Soil and 

Name. Name. Leares,4cc. Flow, of Fl. Country. Introd. Propacation. 

Sa'ltia. 



naiTow-leaTed. Ud. smth. dent bl. 8. 9. Mexico. 18SI. H.^. 

Onhimi. Dr.Oraham's. 0¥. cord. cren. pub. «c. 1830. F.^. 

Calcbola'ria. 

AtkinsUuia.B.p.G. Mr. Atkins's, spatli. dent. mg. re,ye. 6. 8. Hybrid. 1830. F.f. 

lfartioea6aR.B.F.O.MiisMartinean't.ov. obt. dent hairy, ye.re. . 1829. F.^. 

pMobu B.F.o. drooping-flow'd.oboT. obt serr. pilose. y<.re. Chiloe. F.^. 



TETRANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

Po'THOi. 

digitita. Jac. digitate. auricol. 7-9-Iob. pur Caracas. 1823. S.J^. 



ORDER III. 

TETRAGYNIA. Styles 4. 

Omitted at Page 28» where it should have stood at the head of the Genus ILEX. 



PENTANDRIA MONOGYNIA. 

9tti6som. B.F.o. shewy. ov. snb-rot cnt, lob. *c. 4. 6. N.Amer. 1829. H.S>. 

j Saxo'lus. 

Bttortlis. B.C. sea-side. Ian. spat alt. smth. wh. 8. 9. N. S. W. 1806. Q.Jfi. 

Ikallo'iiia. 

■MteYid^nsis. Montevideo. elUp. obi. serr. smth. wh. 8. M.Video.l827. G.J^. 
*efca. viscous. ellip. serr. und. tr^ Mendoza.1829. G.Jb. 

£oo'iiyMus. 

■ions. dwarf. lin.8mth.edges serr.revol. $t. 5. 7. Cancasus.1829. H.*. 

•fcwrAtoa, obovate-leaTcd. obov. ell. serr. smth. gr. 6. 7. N.Amer. 1823. H.S>. 

Btbelitzia. 

^teulif. hmnble. ot. eUip. sab«coDTolute.y.U.2. 4. C. B.S S.y. 



±I}DESDA. 



OCTAXDRIA MOXOGTXIA. 



I 



>UTB. OT 

f i1ii<i iiniia , B^M. Cf owr b e nju Td. InLvmiL 

Fr'onuu 

f^oboifr4*d. or. cord. kst. 



cour 



.&«.!£ 



TA4M4r 



mc &ft.SHrri« 



G«. 



itony* 



mdaic ubiw. diSL. 



fw.&.4.3e 



fartMWipi liii^. «ffL cffipb ^bn. 



9bL U. 



G^. 



H.B. 



DECAXDRIA MOXOGYNIA. 




ft.T.K.flM. ISn. 6^ 



ICOSANDRIA DIPEXTAGYT^'IA. 



oboT. fst. via. beau v4.4.6.NcpHL 18tO. H.^^. 



TETRADYXAMLl SILIQUOSA. 



CBried-learcd. spst. rilip. smdL 
-podded. fHimatif. Till. 



vJL S. 4. CaraioU. 1816. H.^. 
rik. 5. 7. Mexico. 18S4. H.S. 



MONADELPHIA PEXTANDRIA. 

Urse-dowered. S-pvt.sef .serrJaiLjmtli.«sr. 8 18S6. Q.S^xL 

pimate-ftlp. S-parLpobe.se9!iii.iD jer. ptu Chfle. 18». Y.^xL 



At 

At 

At 
At 



ERRATA. 

1«, for « Trigynui MonogynUr rend « Dumdrim Trigynia.'* 

5«, add « ORDER If. DIGYNIA. 5fy/ef 2,'' which should stand at tbebeidi 

the Genus ASCLEPIAS. 
58, for " paUfdUa," nsad « aputoGa." 
150, in the first line from the top, for *< aBoaufau," read ** anoinaloiis.'' 



iE PLEASURE GROUND. 



The acQexed Plate, No. 3, will illustrate the general 
idrraDgement of the Pleasure Ground, &c. which 
are attached to the Abbey and its various out-build- 
fingg. 

The Pleasure Grounds, or Flower Gardens, should 
always be formed so that a portion of them may 
come in connection with a part of the mansion, to 
secure a free communication betwixt the two, unin- 
terrupted by roads or other intervening obstacles. 
In wet, or showery weather, a great distance is 

I exceedingly inconvenient. It is very generally ad- 
mitted, that but few grounds have been laid out 
■with more taste and j udgment, for convenience, 
privacy, variation of surface, and scenery, than those 
atWoburn Abbey. The accompanying Plate, No. I, 
lepresents the site of the Abbey, which forms a 
quadrangle, 235 feet in length oti each side. On 
the south, a Terrace has been raised by the present 
Duke, which is divided from the Park simply by an 
iron railing : at the extremity of this Terrace various 
_ beds are formed, enclosed with iron and basket 
2 H 



234 THE PLEASURE GROrND. 

edgings, wherein are planted the different sorts of 
herbaceous and bulbous plants that are requisite for 
keeping up a display of flowers, in view from the 
Libraries and South Drajving-room. These beds, and 
Terrace, are separated from the Duchess's Private 
Garden by an iron railing and small gate, which 
opens into Her Grace's Garden, whereby a prome* 
nade of 235 feet in length, of a flagged terrace, is 
formed. An entrance from the private apartments 
opens into the Duchess's Garden, from which com- 
mences a covered walk, leading to the Sculptun 
Gatlerif. This building was originally erected for a 
Greenhouse, but it has been converted into a Gallery 
by the present Duke, the dimensions of whidi 
(including the two Temples) are 204 feet in lengtt, 
25 in breadth, and 23 feet high ; the centre is about 
30 feet, the dome of which is supported by eight 
magnificent antique marble columns. The floor is 
partly inlaid, on each side the centre walk, wilh 
handsome marble from His Grace's estates in Devoo- 
shire. This Gallery is considered to contain tbe 
•richest private collection of marbles, and other ai- 
tique sculpture in the kingdom ; amongst which ZK 
the celebrated Grflcw, executed hyCamva, at Rom^ 
expressly for His Grace. 

The Greenhouse is connected with the Gallery bj 
a passage, whose walls are ornamented by varioi* 
pieces of sculpture, A covered walk leads from tie 
Greenhouse to the Heathery, Camellia-Iiouse, Gen- 
nium-house, and Stoves, &c. the walls of wbicb 
have been tastefully painted in fresco, with floweo, 
and a landscape, by A. Aglio. The covered wa^ 



TH£ PLEASURE OROCXD, 



w repeated from the Sculpture Gallery, by the 
back of the Greenhouse, under the Heathery, towards 
the Riding-house and Tennis-court, which forms a 
range of building of about 240 feet iu length, by 50 
in breadth. This walk extends as far as the Duchess's 
Chinese Dairy and the Game Larder. The whole 
length of the covered walk measures 1342 feet, 
and forms an admirable promenade at any season, 
or in any weather. The roof rests on one side 
against the adjacent buildings, and is supported, on 
the side next to the Pleasure Ground, by columns, 
that are placed about five feet apart, and against 
which various species of hardy creepers are trained. 
The Chinese Dairy is of an octagonal form, and 
contains a great variety of valuable old China. The 
floor and slabs are of difterent varieties of marble. 

The windows are all beautifully painted with 
Chinese figures and various fancy birds ; these, as 
well as the Portico, which surrounds three sides of 
the Dairy and Lantern, are also painted in the Chi- 
nese style, and the whole forms a very interesting 
feature in the Pleasure Ground. A small piece of 
water comes close to the base of the Portico, sup- 
plies the Dairy, and gives a highly picturesque effect 
to this part of the grounds. The banks, by the 
margins of the water, are planted with Aucubus, 
Rhododendrons, Azalias, China Hoses, Hydrangea, 
and other species that are natives of China, iu order 
that they may correspond with the Chinese style 
of the building. Adjoining, are, also, the Children's 
Gardens, with various Arbours, Sec. ; but as a sepa- 
rate plan, and description of these will appear in 



4v- 
VM THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

another part of this Work, it will be unnecessary 
to notice them further here. 

In proceeding with a brief description of the 
Grounds, we shall begin at the south front, or Ter- 
race, and make a few observations on the most 
interesting parts that will not be further illustrated 
by other plates. The main walk, which sweeps 
round the greater part of the Pleasure Ground, is 
nearly two miles in length ; it commences at the 
South Terrace, and winds along between the par- 
terres in the front of the Sculpture Gallery and 
Greenhouse : opposite to the latter, No. 23, is the 
Rosarium Britannicum, formed by His Grace in 1830; 
it contains all the different species and varieties of 
British Roses, the entrance to which consists of an 
iron trellis arch, covered with climbing Roses; there 
is also a trellis along one of the sides, for training 
the creeping species to, terminated at each end by 
an ornamental stone vase ; the other side is enclosed 
by a hedge formed of Scotch Roses. At the east 
end of the Greenhouse we ascend by a flight of steps 
that is necessary for the connection of the walk, and 
which continues by the Heathery and Hardy-heath 
Garden, and from thence sweeps along by the Ame- 
rican Bank, Willow Garden, and Rock-work, to- 
wards the top of the Pleasure Ground : along the 
edges of this walk are placed a number of handsome 
stone vases, as is indicated by the square blocks on 
the plan. 

The American Banks cover upwards of an acre of 
ground, the whole being richly planted with the 
numerous species and varieties of Rhododendrons, 



I 



THE PLEASURE OROirND. 

Azalias, &c. Along the centre are planted various 
sorts of the Holly, always pleasingly conspicuous 
by its glossy foliage. Opposite to this Bank is the 
collection of Pines and other genera, belonging to 
the CoNiFERyt; tribe, amongst which may be seen 
the Pinus DouglasU, Lambertiana, Ponderosa, Ge- 
rardi, and Araucaria, mbrkala, brasiliana, Cedrus 
Deodara, &c. &c. Adjoining the collection of Pines 
is situated the Saliclum, consisting of the most nu- 
merous species and varieties of Saiices in Britain : 
a splendid work on this genus was printed in 1829, 
by His Grace, for private distribution, illustrated 
by coloured plates of all the different species that 
were then in this collection, both foreign and indi- 
genous. 

The larger growing kinds are planted round the 
outer beds, or circles of this grove, and the small, 
or dwarf species, occupy the centre circles. The 
whole is enclosed by a Holly-hedge, with the ex- 
ception of the entrance, which is formed by an iron 
arch trellis, intertwined with some of the more flexible 
saiices. Opposite to the Willow Garden is a large 
mass of Rock-work, lately formed, and planted with 
a choice collection of the hardy alpine plants ; 
upon the left of this, rises another bank of Rock- 
work, wherein exists a very complete Rosarium 
Scoticum, approached by a similar iron arch trellis, 
containing all the numerous varieties of the Scotch 
Rose, raised by Messrs. Dickson and Turnbull, whose 
Nursery, at Perth, has been so long celebrated for 
this Rose, as well as for their very extensive collec- 
tion of other ornamental plants. 



238 



THE PLEASnRE GROUND. 



The entrance is covered with the diflFerent varie- 
ties of the Ayrshire Rose that were raised by Mr, 
Smith, the well-known Botanist, whose extensive 
collection at Monkwood, near Ayr, has long ranked 
amongst the first in the kingdom. Along the top 
of the Rock-bank is planted a row of the Pyrus 
Japonica, whose scarlet blossoms are so brilliant in 
the early Spriug, or at whatever period they expand 
their flowers. The plants are all trained to a neat 
iron trellising, which separates them from the Ame- 
rican plants, by which the rock-work is backed. At 
a short distance from the Willow Garden is a clump 
of Cedars, one of which measures 62 feet in length 
of clear straight timber, and is 10 feet in girth at G 
feet from the ground. This tree is upwards of SO 
feet in height, and is certainly one of the handsomest 
timber trees of the kind in the country, or the author 
has ever met with. In a clump, towards the top of 
the Pleasure Ground, is a collection of American 
Oaks, terminated by a very fine Oak Tree. From 
this part of the grounds there is a beautiful view of 
nearly twenty miles extent, finely varied with wood, 
hill, dale, and other elements of the Picturesque. 
Hence, the walk winds towards the Menagerie, pass- 
ing through different clumps of Forest Trees that 
have been lately introduced in this part of the 
grounds; with the species of each gams grouped to- 
gether, whereby they are much more readily dis- 
tinguished from each other, than they can be when 
planted promiscuously. A very complete Arboretum, 
surrounding the extremity of the grounds, will thus, 



ew years be formed;* such kinds, only, as are 
most conspicuous and interesting, have been se- 
lected for the more public situations. The natural 
arrangements, therefore, have not been strictly ad- 
hered to. The walk next forms a sweep round the 
rustic paling of the Menagerie, and thus branches 
into another, which conducts from the Sculpture 
Gallery, by the Grass Garden to the Labyrinth, 
which is now forming, with a Chinese temple in 
the centre; and, lastly, to the private entrance of 
the Heathery. The straight walk in front of the 
Sculpture Gallery, is terminated by a vase, by Kent, 
and a semicircular stone seat, surmounted by a 
balustrade. An avenue of Standard Roses orna- 
ments the margins of this walk ; adjacent to the 
seat is the Hortus Gkamineus, No, 40, which 
contains 400 species of Graminees, as well as a num- 
ber of species of the LeguminostE, or Vetch tribe, 
so nutritious for the feeding of cattle. The different 
species in this Grass Garden, have each a square 
space of ground allotted to them, bordered with 
cast iron edgings ; gravel walks intervene betwixt 



• The most complete Arboretum, containing ihe best private 
collection of liardy trees and shrubs that the Author has seen, is, 
undoubtedly, at Flitwick House, In Bedfordshire, the seat of 
Thomas Brooks, Esq. a gentleman, wha is devotedly attached to 
horticultural improvements, is an excellent scientific Bolanitt, 
and has arranged all his plants in the Arboretum, according to 
the natural system of Jussieu. Mr. Brooks's garden and gTounds 
are kept np almost in unique neatness, and display a rich col- 
lection <)f Botany Bay and Tropical plants, all in a high state of 
cultivation ; a collection which is daily increasing by the intro- 
duction of new plantt. 



PLEASURE GROUND. 

the beds. The whole compartment is enclosed by 
a Hornbeam -hedge, bordered with Moss Roses ; 
the garden was designed and executed by Mr. Sin- 
clair, F.L.S. H.S., then His Grace's Gardener, the 
well-known author of that valuable work, " Hortus 
Gramineus Woburnensis," which contains the result 
of many years' laborious analysis on his part, and. 
which is, therefore, a g^-eat acquisition to every agri- 
culturist. In conclusion, we must not omit to men- 
tion that another walk, springing from the Green- 
house, conducts the visitor close by the Rosarium 
Britannicum, and its adjoining sheet of water, to 
the Menagerie. This interesting department oc- 
cupies above two acres of ground, and consists of 
a rustic cottage, and various wired compartments, 
for the different fowls and animals which it con- 
tains; but as these buildings form the subject of 
a distinct plate and description, it is unnecessary 
to particularise them further in this place. 



Reference to the General Plan of the 
Pleasure Ground. 



1. Abbey. 

2. Parterres in front of the Librariee. 

3. Her Grace's Prirate Flower GanleD. 

4. Covered Walk. 

6. Sculpture Gallery. 

6. Parterres in frout of the Sculpture Gallery. 

7. Greenhouae. 

8. Camellia House. 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 241 

0. Greenhouse for Pelargonite. 

10. Plant Stove. 

11. Riding House. 

12. Tennis Court. 

13. Stable Courts. 

14. Chinese Dairy. 

15. Larders. 

16. Children's Gardens. 

17. Rock Work. 

18. Willow Garden. 

19. American Bank. 

20. Hardy Heath Garden. 

21. Site for Heaths when out of Doors. 

22. Collection of Hollies. 

23. Rosarium Britannicum. 

24. Grass Garden. 

25. Menagerie. 

26. Wired Compartments of Ditto. 

27. Keeper's Apartments, Canary Room, &c. 

28. Alders and Birches. 

29. Poplars. 

30. Species of Ash Trees. 

31. Elms. 

32. Temple and Platanus's. 

33. American Oaks. 

34. Arbour. 

35. Different Species of the Genus Pinu$. 

36. Porter's Lodge. 



2 I 



«2 THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



THE FLOWER GARDENS. 

The accompanying Plate, No. 4, is a represen- 
tation of a Flower Garden^ wherein are cultivated 
various species of flowering plants and bulbs, in 
order to preserve as constant a succession of blos- 
som in front of the Libraries, as the season will 
admit. The entire row of hexagon beds in the centre^ 
is enclosed with a stone curb, on which are inseitsd 
wrought iron basket edgings, which rise together 
with the stone-work about 9 inches above the grai^. 
The other smaller, or semi-hexagonal beds, have all 
simple cast iron edgings. The intervening space is 
kept neatly gravelled, which extends to the cater 
line of the Terrace, which is on an elevation about 
10 feet above the Park level, towards which it is 
fieiced with rusticated stone-work^ corresponding in 
character with the basement story of the Abbey. 
The west end of the Terrace is enclosed with a balus- 
trade, and the south side by a handsome gilt treUis, 
which extends nearly as far as the Library, when 
it connects with an iron fence, that branches off 
nnnuul half the circuit of the Pleasure Ground. 

Tho wido space that intervenes between the Li- 
brary windows, and the line next to the flower* 
bodM, oon»istN of a flag pavement, which fumisheAtt 
nil MMiNoUN u dry and clean promenade. 

Tho I'lowor Garden, No. 2, opposite to these pri- 
viilr iipurltniMits, was laid out according to the taste- 



r/ 



tYi 1 1 1 1 



i 



I 



THE PLEASURE OROUMD. 2*S 

fill sugs;estions of Her Grace the Duchess of Bedford, 
who also planted the double-flowering Thorn, No. 3, 
which has now shot up to the height of 16 feet, the 
distinguishing peculiarity of which is, its forming a 
very close and complete arbonr, full 45 feet in cir- 
cumference. The lower branches being trained close 
to the ground, the tree is regularly kept dipt, with 
an arched entrance formed in the centre, and an 
aperture on each side for arborial windows. 

The circular and oval beds in this garden, are 
filled, in the Summer season, with the different spe- 
cies and varieties of Geraniums, grouped together, 
clumps of Heliotropes, and other choice flowering 
plants; and in the Winter season they are stocked 
with Wall Flowers, and other Evergreens. The bor- 
ders, on each side of the straight walks, are also 
planted with Geraniums, and a selection of the most 
showy Herbaceous and Annual plants. 

Around the exterior circle, iron arches are formed, 
for training the various kinds of climbing Roses on ; 
the border consists of Roses, and Lilies of the Valley, 
intermixed. The inner beds are solely allotted for 
Hoses. In the centre, No. 4, is a handsome foun- 
tain, which supplies this garden with water. The 
exterior borders are all richly planted with various 
species of American shrubs, in which the Magnolia, 
Calycanthus, Azalia, Kalmia, and Rhododendron, 
are, in the Spring time, floridly conspicuous. Leading 
out of the Rosarium, an iron-arched trellising is 
continued to the Piazza, covered with creepers; 
and, adjacent to it, No. 5, is Her Grace's Private 
Arbour, formed of open wood-work, intertwined with 
2l2 



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THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



THE PAKTERRES. 



The annexed Plate, No. 5, is a representation of 
the Parterres situate in front of the Sculpture Gal- 
lery, which form an appropriate and interesting fea- 
ture in this part of the Grounds. The variety and 
intricacy of these beds are much admired, more 
especially as they display a rich collection of herba- 
ceous and annual plants, which keep up a mass of 
bloom throughout the greater part of the year. These 
beds and flower borders are alt edged with box, and 
the intervening walks covered with fine sand, which 
gives them a peculiarly neat and original appear- 
ance. No. I and 2, represent the site of two fine 
bronze casts, by Wcstmacott, of the Dying and 
Fighlhig Gladiators, which are elevated on granite 
pedestals. The Parterres are terminated by a hand- 
some balustrade wall, on which are placed copies of 
antique vases. Various descriptions of ornamental 
vases are also arranged along the edges of the walks, 
which are indicated by the square blocks in the 
plate ; the basket work, also, shewn in the plan, 
consists of strong wire, and forms a very appropriate 
edging to the borders. These Parterres were laid 
out, and executed, from the drawings of Her Grace 
the Duchess of Bedford, and are extremely well 
adapted for the display of the various flowers, through- 
out their difierent stages of blooming, at the different 
periods of the year. The succession of flowers is 



THE PLEASURE OROnND. 



kept up by the Anemone, Tulip, Crocus, and other 
early blooming sorts; and is continued through the 
Summer months, by having recourse to frequent 
sowings of annuals from February, to the end of 
June; the kinds best adapted for Autumn flowering, 
are selected for the last sowings, which, together 
with the late blowing perennial kinds. Chrysanthe- 
mums, and a collection of Georginas,* or Dahlia*, 

" For thfi introduction into this country of this truly end- 
Dent and popular plant, whose beautiful bloasocns so richly deco* 
rate the flower borders iii the Autumn months, the British Horti- 
culturists are iudebtcd to Lady Holland ; and, through her Lady- 
ship's kindness, we are enabled to give the following InterestiBg 
account of it^ native country, and the year it was introduced 
intti our British Gardens. 

In 1804, when Lord and Lady Holland were in Spain, tk 
Abbe Cavanilles, Professor of Botany at Madrid, who had pub- 
lished 2 Volumes oa Statistics, and the Natural History of Va- 
lencia, besides several Botanical works, gave Lady Holland 
some roots of the Dahlia, lately arrived in Spain from America; 
her Ladyship sent them to Mr. Biionauti, the Librarian at Hol- 
land House; under his superintendence they were planted, and 
flowered that year, in the gardens there. Mr. Buonauti mod* 
some mystery, for a time, of his manner of propagating then; 
but Lord Holland iusisU-d upon bii giving roots of il)e planU 
to Messrs. Lee and Kennedy, and olliers ; they then becajoa 
very common, and were much improved by culture. Lady Hol- 
land was not, at lirst, avrare that the colours of the flowers ever 
varied ; for those raised the first year, were all of a pale purple, 
or lilac hue, and all single flowers; the next year, many, of va>- 
riuua colours, were produced at Holland House, and at St. Adik'i 
Hill;t aud it was not long before Messrs. Lee and Kennedy 
found the means of raising double flowers from those roots. It 
is anpposed that it originally came from Mexico, not Pen. 

They were named Dahlia, from the Swedish Professor DaM, 
t The Seat of Uie RiKlit Houaunible C. J. Fox. 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



247 



' with their numerous flowers, prolong the beauty of 
the borders, until the frost sets in. The finest col- 
lection of Georginas, as well as Pelargoniums, that 
I have seen in Bedfordshire, all cultivated in the 
highest state of perfection, is, unquestionably, in the 
Garden of Henry Seymour, Esq. at Woburn. It 
formerly abounded in numerous species of rare Cape 
and Tropical plants, which were cultivated by the 
late Honourable Mrs. Seymour, whose scientific 
knowledge, Mr. Sweet has commemorated in the 
Genus Seymouria. The Garden laid out by this 
Lady, is the most admirable little design of the kind 
that 1 have ever seeu ; the disposition of the various 
flower beds, and different pieces of rock-work, con- 
nected with trellising, and iron arches, are so ju- 
diciously arranged, that, I trust, it will be long 
preserved as a perfect model, on a small scale, of 

I English Gardening, in the nineteenth century. 

I.irbo first published aa account of thia plant; (the genus was, 
»lso, Darned by Willdenow OeoTffiaa, in compliment to J. G. 
Georgt, a Itussian Botanist, as the name Dahlia was previously 
occupied by a dillerent plant.) 

They were, at first, supposed, in Spain, to be an esculenl vege- 
table; but it is ngw believed that the root is unfit for the table. 




THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



CONSTRUCTION OF THE GREENHOUSE. 



The accompanying Plan and Elevation represent 
a Greenhouse, built from the designs of Sir Jeffry 
Wyatville. This house is about 85 feet long, 20 feet 
wide, and 25 feet high ; the front and back of a 
gentle curve, so as to come in connection with the 
Sculpture Gallery, and Heathery, which buildings 
it adjoins. The front and ends of this house consist 
of cut stone piers, which are carried up, at 9 feet 
apart, to the height of 16 feet; from whence spring 
a stone blocking and cornice, that is raised about 
four feet above the level of the top of the lights. The 
front sashes are made in two tiers ; the upper ones 
two feet long, whereby they open in the centre, and 
fold backwards to each side. The lower windows 
are eight feet high, and come close to the floor of 
the house ; they also fold back to the outside : and 
being hinged on both sides, at the width of one 
foot six inches, leave a space of four feet in each, to 
throw open for the admission of air. The top con- 
sists of a spawn roof, with glazed lights on each side, 
which are fixtures, and not moved, except when 
taken off entirely, in the Summer season, for ex- 
posing the Orange Trees, Camellias, and other large 
plants, to the full benefit of the nightly dews, and 
external atmosphere; as, by opening the sashes in 
front, and taking off the roof lights, the plants are 
nearly as much exposed to the weather, standing in 



I 



I 



THE PLEASURE GB 

this Greenhouse, as if removed out of doors. The 
front windows are all composed of wood, as well as 
the roof sashes and rafters; tiie latter are, however, 
of very slight dimensions, and are supported by 
strong cast iron scrolls, as is represented in the 
section. The floor of this house is inlaid with octagon 
■tiles ; and the flues which warm it are carried round 
the front, under the tiles, where apertures are 
left at different spaces, so as to allow the heat to 
ascend amongst the plants. The stage is constructed 
of different heights, in order to suit the large boxes 
which the Orange Trees, Camellias, &c. necessarily 
require ; the smallest plants being arranged along 
the front, or lower part of the stage. In the re- 
cesses of the windows, there is a. small circular stand 
placed in each, which is about two feet wide at 
bottom, and gradually terminates at top to a C-inch 
shelf. This stand consists of four rows of shelves, 
and was constructed according to the plan and di- 
rections of the Duchess of Bedford, with whom the 
idea first originated. These stands are very use- 
ful for holding a selection of the various small plants 
that are too dehcate to be interraixed with the more 
tbust growing kinds. 



MANAGEMENT OF THE GREENHOUSE AND 
CONSEBVATORY. 



The general management of the Greenhouse and 
[ Conservatory is so similar, that it might be consi- 
Ldered superfluous to treat separately of the two, 
2 K 



«W TH£ PLEA^UKE OftOUND. 

cUMciiD y as do denatkm whatever takes pi 
hetaccu the phots in both, so far as regards soil, 
I fWiywI inc, aad prof«gat>oo. 

The iiiaBla, cvltnaled in both departments, 
priDdpaUy aattves of the Cape, Japan, New H< 
Imd, or moe other eqaaUy temperate climate, ai 
my, tbetclbie, all be treated as Greenhouse plants. 

In the enctioo of a Greenboose and Cwiser- 
ntOTf, the fonn of the bouse is not of so much im- 
pnffitce^ prorkiii^ it be placed so as to have tbe 
fall benefit of the eartv morning and mid-day sun, 
in the Winter and Spring months, which is so essen- 
tial to the welfarc and health of the plants. It is, 
therefore, Deceeswy, that these buildings should be 
•o coDstnictod as to admit of a lar^e portion of light 
and TCntibtion, the two most essential requisites in 
such structures. The sashes should, consequently, 
be so arranged, that a large quantity of air may have 
access to circulate in all pans of the house. 

It is, likewise, very de^rable that the hi 
should be furnished with the proper means of ifr* 
creasing the temperature in severe weather; and 
whether heated by steam, hot-water pipes, or flues, 
they should be constructed of such magnitude, and 
so devised, that the heat given out from them will 
be sufficient for expelling the frost in very severe 
weather, as well as for quickly raising the tempera- 
ture of the house, which is often absolutely neces- 
sary, when the cold or frost sets in suddenly in the 
e\'enings, as this frequently becomes so intense, thai 
otherwise, many of the more tender species woi 
be hurt before morning. And although many of 



m 



hav e I 

lOtM^^^I 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



Cape, and New Holland plants, will bear several 
degrees of frost without injury, there are other spe- 
cies of less hardy constitution, that would suffer 
severely by being exposed to the same degree of 
cold. It is,, therefore, advisable to guard against 
any bad effects, by having recourse, in time, to the 
aid of the furnace. We must, however, observe, that 
the less any artificial heat is applied to the Greenhouse 
and Conservatory, the raore beneficial it will be to 
the plants; and that fire-heat should never be re- 
sorted to, except in frosty weather, or when it is 
very cold and wet ; then a little heat is necessary 
to dry up the damp, which is frequently very inju- 
rious to the more delicate plants. If the frost is 
simply expelled, it will be sufficient, and the almos- 
phere of the house should not be permitted to exceed 
36 degrees, by artificial heat; as, if the plants are 
preserved from frost and damp, the more healthy 
and hardy they will be. During wet and frosty 
weather, the plants should have but little or no 
water, as many of the species suffer materially by 
being kept too moist, when they are in a dormant 
state. The entire collection should be frequently 
examined; and only such as appear in absolute 
want of water should have any given to them, and 
that in very moderate quantities, until they again 
appear in a state of activity, when they will require 
to be more bountifully supplied; but the operator 
must be guided in administering this element, ac- 
cording to the action of the plant, and state of the 
weather. Such species as are dormant, and those 
that are unhealthy, will require tu be kept rather 
2 K 2 



252 THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

dry, and should not be allowed to suffer from too 
much moisture. By the beginning or middle of 
March, the atmosphere will, in general, be getting 
more congenial to vegetation, when the plants may 
have occasional syringings over head, ia order to 
refresh and clean their foliage from the dust that 
may have accumulated on them, during the suspen- 
sion of the syringe or engine. The advantage of a 
fine morning should be taken for performing the 
watering, in order that the house may be immediately 
ventilated) so that the damp may be dried up before 
evening, which will prevent any of the tender shoots 
from being chilled ; but as the season advances, 
and the nights become warm, the engine may be 
more freely applied, and the water administered in 
the evenings, in order that the plants may have 
time to refresh themselves with the moisture, during 
the night, and before the return of the scorching 
effects of the sun, the ensuing day. 

When the weather begins to get warm in Spring, 
a little air should be let in, during the nights, to 
both the Greenhouse and Conservatory ; and as the 
external atmosphere increases in mildness, the ad- 
mission of air should be increased accordingly; as 
a large current of this element, circulating through 
the house at all favourable opportunities, will keep 
the plants from being drawn up into a weak or lan- 
guid state, and getting naked at the bottom ; conse- 
quently, air should only be excluded in frosty or 
severe cold weather. If the lights are only opened 
for a few hours, in the early part of the day, and 
again shut up early in the afternoon, it will bi 



THE PLEASURE OROtTND. 253 

eneficial to the plants, particularly in the Winter 
leasoD, when this element cannot be admitted in 
^iich lai^e portions as would otherwise be desirable, 
owing to the cold and changeable state of the at- 
mosphere. The plants should be also frequently 
looked over, and divested of all the decayed leaves 
and shoots that may appear, and the surface of the 
mould, in their pots, stirred up, and kept free from 
moss or weeds, which would soon accumulate. Many 
of the plants will require a little fresh soil added to 
the surface of what tliey are already growing in, 
which should be as near to the quality of that tliey 
were previously potted with as can be procured. 
By the end of February many of the plants will be 
beginning to grow ; these should, therefore, be ex- 
amined ; and such as appear to require fresh potting, 
should now be shifted into fresh loam, and into such 
sized pots as the size and strength of the plants 
may require. In most establishments, it is desirable 
to keep the plants in small pots, so that they may not 
occupy too great a space on the stage ; the potting 
should, therefore, be regulated according to the size 
of plants wished for, and such pots be used as appear 
consistent with their health and flowering. As all the 
species do not begin to grow at the same time, they 
should be carefully examined, and shifted into fresh 
loam as they appear to require it. Some of the 
rapidly growing kinds will want to be shifted oftener 
than those of less luxuriant habits ; they should, 
therefore, be treated accordingly : but keeping in 
view the size, or space, the plants are wished to 
occupy, as, if encouraged by frequent additions of 



THE PLEASDRE GROUND. 

fresh soil, they will reach a much greater size than 
when coQfiued to small pots, which is, however, the 
most general practice, these being more convenient 
for the Greenhouse stage. The operation of re-pot- 
ting may be performed, with great success, any time 
from February to September, but not later in the 
season than the middle of the latter month, as it is 
very desirable that the plants should have time be- 
fore Winter to establish themselves in the pots. The 
seedlings, or other young plants, will require to be 
two or three times shifted in. the course of the sea- 
son, according to their growth, which is always 
our best guide. 

The soil in which Greenhouse and Conserva- 
tory plants seem most to delight, is sandy loam 
from a pasture, consisting of the top sward, which 
should be chopped up finely amongst it with the 
spade, but not sifted, as the roots will make a 
rapid progress through these fibrous particles. This 
loam should be mixed, previous to using, with one- 
third of sandy peat, and about a fourth of well de- 
composed leaf-mould ; and if not naturally of a light 
sandy texture, it should be rendered so, by adding 
a portion of sharp pit sand to it: these ingredients 
being well incorporated together, the mould will be 
fit for using; but observe, never to use it in pot- 
ting, except when in a rather dry state; and fat 
preserving it from getting too wet, a shed should be 
devoted for this purpose, and a quantity of soil 
always kept in readiness. About the middle, or 
latter end of May, the plants may be removed from 
the Greenhouse to their Summer station, out of 



THE PLEASURE GROUND, 



doors, which should be situated so as that they will 
be partially shaded from the scorching effects of 
the mid-day sun, and be sheltered from the high 
winds, but placed where they will have the full 
benefit of the morning and evening sun. In this 
situation they may remain to the middle of Sep- 
tember, if the weather is at all favourable; but, if 
otherwise, they must be taken in earlier, to prevent 
the soil about their roots becoming sodden with too 
much wet. 

While the plants are out of doors, they must 
be regularly attended to with water in dry 
weather, and their pots kept from weeds, or moss; 
and when they are going to be removed back to 
the Greenhouse, they should be all properly 
cleaned, and such as require fresh staking, be 
neatly done, so that they may have a fair appear- 
ance when placed on the stage ; which should be 
arranged according to the size of the plants, always 
observing to have the small ones on the front of the 
stage. 

The Greenhouse should have full ventilation every 
night after the plants are put in, whilst the weather 
continues favourable ; which should be reduced, gra- 
dually, as the state of the atmosphere may indicate, 
and render necessary. Those plants that are planted 
out in the Conserratory borders, and that cannot 
be exposed to the external atmosphere, in the Sum- 
mer months, should have as much air given them 
as the house is capable of admitting, and be fre- 
quently refreshed, by syringing with water over 
head, in the evening, when the weather is warm ; 



THE PLEAStTRE GROUND. 



but when it begins to get cold, the morning is the 
more suitable time for this operation. 

The borders in which the plants are growing, 
will also require to be plentifully supplied with 
water, during the growing season; but little of this 
element will be wanted when the plants are in a 
state of inaction, as the body of soil they are planted 
in, will, generally, then contain a sufficiency of 
moisture for their nourishment. The surface of these 
borders should be frequently stirred up, and kept 
clear of weeds, or moss, which would otherwise soon 
make their unsightly appearance. The plants must, 
also, be kept all neatly staked up, and the creepers 
tied to the trellising. 

Many of the rampant growing kinds would soon 
so far encroach on those of a more delicate habit, 
as, in a short time, to smother them up; they 
should, therefore, be kept in due bounds with the 
knife, and not allowed to sti6e or injure those ad- 
joining them, of a less robust nature. I should, how- 
ever, recommend the Conservatory borders to be di- 
vided into several compartments, in order that such 
species as bear a relative affinity with each other ia 
growth, may be planted together; thus forming a 
clump of the beautiful varieties of the Camelliea; one 
for the splendid genus EricecE, another for the Gera- 
niace<£, as also for the Proteacea, and so on, for 
some of the equally grand and interesting species of 
other ^ewera ; observing to plant the larger growing 
sorts in the centre, or back of the house, and ar- 
ranging the clumps, so as to have the most delicate 
and valuable kinds towards the best situation of the 



THE PLEASURE GROrND. 

house, in order that they may have the full benefit 
of the sun, and light ; allotting thus separate spaces 
for the growth of the different and most ornamental 
families of plants, the compartments can be filled 
with such soils as are most appropriate and congenial 
to the growth of the species they are intended to 
be planted with, and be made the means of prevent- 
ing the robust growing kinds from over-shading or 
injuring the more valuable and delicate species, as 
is frequently the case, when they are intermixed 
promiscuously in the house. 

The propagation of Greenhouse and Conservatory 
plants, will require to be performed at various periods 
throughout the year, as the cuttings should be put 
in according as they appear in a 6t state ; that is, 
when the young shoots begin to assume a brownish 
colour, and are getting of a rather firm texture, as 
many of the sorts are liable to damp, or rot off, 
when the wood is soft and young; but, previously 
to the preparing of the cuttings, there should be a 
pot, or deep pan, got in readiness, well drained, 
and filled with the soil, or sand, as the nature of 
the plant may require. The hard woody kinds 
will strike root best in sharp sand, while the soft, or 
herbaceous-like sorts, will root freely in a mixture of 
sand and loam. There sliould, also, be got in readi- 
ness, the frame, for the sowing of the tropical seeds, 
&c., into which such sorts as require a little bottom 
heat may be plunged, as soon as they are put into 
the cutting pots. Those species which are put in 
early in Spring, will succeed better, by the assist- 
aace of a gentle heat applied around the pots ; but 
2l 





THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

when the season is more advanced, they will readily 
strike root without it. 

In the preparing of the cuttings, care must be 
taken not to injure the bark in the removal of the 
leaves, which should be cut close off to the wood, as 
far as is necessary for that part of the cutting to be 
inserted in the soil ; none of the upper leaves ought 
to be shortened or removed, and not planted deeper 
in the soil than is requisite for the fastening of the 
cuttings ; when they are put in, a little water should 
be given, to settle the soil or sand more firmly about 
them. As soon as the wet has evaporated from 
their leaves, they should be removed to the propa- 
gating frame, and if covered wth bell or hand 
glasses, the surer, in general, will the success be, 
although many of the sorts will strike very freely 
without them, provided they are not exposed to too 
much air, and are shaded from the effects of the 
mid-day sun. The cutting pots will require to be 
frequently examined, and not permitted to become 
either too wet or too dry, but kept in a medium, 
vegetating state of moisture. The glasses will re- 
quire occasional wiping, to prevent the damp from 
injuring or rotting the leaves of the cuttings. As 
soon as the cuttings have struck root, and begin 
to grow, they ought to be immediately potted off 
into small sized pots, and re-placed in a frame, when 
they can be gradually hardened and acclimated to 
the temperature of the Greenhouse, previous to their 
removal to that department. There are, however, 
many species of plants that we cauuot propagate by 
cuttings of their branches, and we are, consequently. 




I 



I 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. mO 

obliged to have recourse to other means of propa- 
gation to increase the stock, such as by grafting, 
budding, laying, inarching, and the saving of seeds. 
The most natural and successful method of procuring 
plants, is, unquestionably, by seeds; but as many 
of our most valuable sorts do not flower in this 
country, no seeds can ever be obtained in this case. 
There are, likewise, several kinds that can be readily 
increased by cuttings off the root, which will not 
propagate from the shoots, or produce seeds freely. 
When, however, a collection of seeds can be pro- 
cured from abroad, in a recent state, there is a great 
chance of obtaining new or rare plants ; a portion 
of Bueh should be sown immediately on their arrival, 
as many of them will be found to vegetate when 
first received, that would not if kept to the ensuing 
Spring. Those from a tropical country will require 
a moderate bottom heat to assist their germination. 

Seeds from New Holland, the Cape, and other 
mild climates, will vegetate readily by being placed 
in a cold frame, or in a cool shaded part of the 
Greenhouse, and kept regularly supplied with due 
proportions of water, so that the soil in which they are 
sown may be kept in a moist vegetating state. The 
Greenhouse plants, as well as all other scarce sorts 
which have flowered during the season, should be 
carefully examined, to see if they have perfected 
their seeds, when a collection of all the most 
valuable species should be gathered, as they 
ripen, and laid up until the following February, 
when a general sowing should be made. The seed 
pots ought to be well drained with broken crocks, or 
2 l2 




THE PLEASITRE GROrPfD. 



small stones, or cinders, and then the remaining ^lace 
be filled up with light sandy loam and peat, well 
incorporated together, and finely sifted for the small 
seeds. As all the sorts will not vegetate at the same 
time, some of them -will make their appearance in 
the course of a few weeks, whilst others may re- 
main dormant for nearly two years, and afterwards 
vegetate ; we must, therefore, never be too hasty io 
throwing away the seed pots, until we are thoroughly 
convinced that there is no chance of any of the re- 
maining seeds coming up. As soon as the seedling 
plants appear above ground, they should be care- 
fully watered with a fine rose on the watering pot; 
and when they get a little advanced in their growth, 
potted off into small sized pots, and replaced in a 
frame, where they can be shaded and attended with 
water until they get established in their pots, and are 
hardened by degrees to the temperature of the Green- 
house, to which they should be removed. Such 
plants as appear to be drawn up weakly, should havfr 
their tops pinched off, which will induce them I 
shoot into handsome bushy plants. 



NSTRUCTION OF THE PLANT STOVE. 



(The structure of a Stove, for the growth of tro- 
ical plants, may be of various dimensions and form, 
according to the taste of the proprietor, and size of 
the plants that are intended to be cultivated. In 
some cases, a collection of small bushy plants is pre- 
ferred to those of a larger size; but where large 
flowering specimens are preferred, a lofty house 
should be erected, to allow them plenty of room for 
the free development of their flowers and foliage. 

The accompanying Plate, Fig. I, represents the 
ground plan and section of the Plant Stove here ; 
the length of which is about 40 feet ; height, at the 
back wall, 14 feet ; and width, 15 feet; along the 
centre of which is a pit 8 feet in breadth, for hold- 
ing either tan or tree leaves, for the placing of the 
plants on. This pit is generally filled every Autumn 
with the leaves recently fallen from the trees; and 
after they have heated and subsided a little in tlie 
pit, their surface is trod firmly, and then covered 
over with sand for the plants to stand on, whereby 
their roots are cherished through the Winter months 
by the gentle warmth produced by the fermenting 
leaves. 

This house is heated by hot water, lately intro- 
duced ; the pipes run close to the front wall, as is 
indicated in the plan, Fig. 1. Id this departmeut 



TBB PLEASURE OROUND. 



are three pipes, in communication with the boiler a, 
and reservoir c; that is, two upper pipes, nine inches . 
broad, and two and a half deep, placed on an J 
edge, and running parallel to each other, and one i 
circular return pipe, which is about four inches in | 
diameter, and returns directly under the two flat 
ones, and thus conducts the water from the reservoir 
back into the boiler, close to the bottom of which 
it enters. This boiler consists of a concave bottom 
and steam-tight top ; its length is two feet two 
inches by two feet two inches in width, and it is fixed 
in a niche in the front of the end wall of the house, 
and attended from the shed, wherein is placed the 
fumace for the heathery. The advantage of having 
the fire placed in the front, here, exists in the facility 
of getting the smoke conveyed into the old flue e, that 
runs along the back path of the house, and tenda 
considerably to keep up the temperature, inasmuch 
as the heat that is conducted along it penetrates 
through the tiles into the house, which, otherwise, 
would be wasted by passing up the chimney. The 
principal advantage, apparently, of having the two 
flat pipes on an edge, in lieu of one of larger dimea- 
sions, consists in their exposing a greater surface of 
heated metal to the house, whereby its temperature 
is raised more expeditiously. 

These pipes and boiler, were erected by the 
Messrs. Barwell and Co., of the Eagle Foundry, 
Northampton, whose iron castings, and workman- 
ship, have been acknowledged to be superior to 
those of many other recent erections, and who are 
now extensively employed in the manufacture of the 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. se9 

hot water apparatus, not merely for horticultural 
purposes, but for conducting that element into more 
extensive buildings, where its application has been 
found to give very general satisfaction. 

The plan and section, represented in this Plate, 
Fig. 2, is a Pinery, heated with one boiler, by Bar- 
well and Co., who have introduced very simple 
and effectual vatve cisterns b b, whereby the water 
can be turned off at either, or both divisions at 
pleasure. The boiler a, is placed in a niche in the 
back-wall, a pipe proceeds from it to the valve cis- 
terns b b, which communicate with the pipes c c, 
that convey the water to the reservoirs d d, at the 
extremities of the house. Messrs. Harwell and 
Co. have introduced these valve cisterns in the heat- 
ing of several forcing-houses for Lord Melbourne, 
and other Noblemen, as well as in the range of hot- 
houses in the Garden of R. Trevor, Esq. of Tingrith, 
Bedfordshire, who is devotedly attached to horti- 
cultural pursuits and rural improvements,* having 
lately formed an extensive sheet of water, whose 
margins are richly ornamented with hardy flowering 
shrubs, &c. 



* The Author cannot let slip this opportuoity of noticing the 
admirable Deatness in which the Gardens at Tingrith are kept; 
they do infinite credit to the industry and atteation of the gar- 
dener, Mr. Phillips. One of the linest horticultural sights I ever 
■aw, was the fioweriag here of that noble plant, the Bignonia 
vennita, which is trained along the back of the Pine Stove; and, 
in November last, was brilliant, with an abBolut«ly inconceivable 
multitude of blossonu. 




THE PLEASURE OROFND. 




Management of Hothouse Plants. 

The house intended for the growth of stove, or 
tropical plants, should be constructed so as to give 
a proper command of artificial heat in the Winter 
season, when a high temperature is requisite for the 
preservation of the plants. These, being natives 
of warm climates, require a strong degree of beat, 
to induce them to grow and flourish in the con- 
fined apartments that are allotted for their culti- 
vation. 

The thermometer ought to be regulated, morn- 
ings and evenings, in this department, from 60 to 70 
degrees ; otherwise, the cold cutting winds that 
generally pass between the laps of the panes of 
glass, will prove very injurious to the tender shoots 
and foliage of many of these exotics. When the 
atmosphere of the stove increases to 70 degrees by 
the influence of sun-heat, a little air should be ad- 
mitted in the middle of the day, but taken away 
again early in the afternoon, so that the house may 
be shut up warm from the effects of the sun, which 
is more advisable than having recourse to strong fires 
for the purpose; and as the use of the bark bed is 
DOW becoming very generally exploded, for the cul- 
tivation of tropica.1 plants, a higher degree of tempe- 
rature is necessary for the health and preservation 
of these ; but, as many of the tender exotics will 
succeed better by having a slight degree of bottom 
heat at their roots, this may be successfully supplied 



\ 



THE PLEASURE GKOUND. 



to them, by filling the bed, or pit, with fresh tree- 
leaves, or tan, every Autumn, and covering the sur- 
face over with sand or coal ashes, for the pots to 
stand on ; when these shpuld be arranged accord- 
ing to their different sizes, without plunging, as the 
heat arising from the fermenting substances will 
increase the temperature of the house, and produce 
a mild congenial heat to the roots of the plants, 
which will greatly facilitate the growth of the more 
tender species. The pots remaining unplunged on 
the bark bed, will not be so subject to have their 

I roots injured with worms, which is always the case 
when plunged in the bed, and which are very per- 
nicious to the young roots. During the Winter 
months, when there is but little sun to dry up 
the moisture, great care must be taken not to give 
any of the plants too much water ; it is preferable 
to give them little, and frequently, as they may 
appear to require it, than to deluge the pots with too 
much moisture, in their quiescent state. When the 
flues, or hot water pipes, are pretty warm, the 
pouring of water on them will produce a fine steam, 
very beneficial to the plants, and also obnoxious to 
the insects, whose depredations should always be 
kept in subjection. When the Aphis, or green fly, 
infests the young shoots, recourse must be had to 
fumigation with leaf tobacco, which appears the 
most effectual remedy for their suppression. The 
advantage of a mild, or rather calm evening, should 
be taken, and the houses well filled with the fumi- 
gating bellows, which will instantly destroy these 
noxious depredators. The plants will require to 
2 u 



c 



wa THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

be well syringed the following morning, in ordi 
to displace any of the fly that may cling to the 
liage ; and if they do not appear all to be destroyi 
a repetition of fumigation should be resorted to thft 
ensuing evening, which will effectually clear the 
plants of these insects. When the weather is at ali 
favourable, the syringe should be frequently appli 
in the evening, and the house shut up warm 
moist beat will, in general, keep the red spit 
under, especially in the early part of the season] 
but if this intruder begins to get a-bead, a lii 
sulphur, sprinkled over the hot pipes, or flues, will 
keep them in abeyance. The white mealy bug and 
scale are more difficult agents to get rid of, and 
require to be brushed off as soon as they begin to 
appear; otherwise they will become very trouble^j 
some. Frequent fumigations of tobacco will, 
considerably check their progress. 

The soil that appears most appropriate for the 
growth of the greater portion of Stove Plants, is 
sandy loam, consisting of the sward from a pas- 
ture, which should be thrown into a heap, to de- 
compose and pulverize for a short time previous to 
using; to which a portion of peat soil, mixed with 
it, will be a suitable compost for the growth of most 
tropical plants. When there is a scarcity of peat, 
a mixture of decomposed tree-leaves may be ap- 
plied in its stead, with great advantage. Should 
the soil not be of a naturally sandy quality, a little 
sand should be intermixed, so as to render it li^t, 
and free for the roots to run in. 

The plants should be all examined in 



the 

all I 

M 

ittiS^H 



1 March,^^^^ 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 367 

April ; and such as appear to be in want of fresh 
pots, should be shifted into others, a size larger ; 
but the operation of shifting, and size of the pots, 
should be regulated according to the state of the 
plants. The more luxuriantly inclined species will 
require a larger supply of nourishment than those of 
less delicate habit, and may, therefore, be admitted 
into larger sized pots without injury, whilst the 
more delicate growing sorts must not be over-potted ; 
rather repeat this operation, as the roots appear to 
fill the pots, than put them into too large sized 
pots at once. The pots that are used for this pur- 
pose must be well drained with small pieces of pot- 
sherds, or any other material that will permit a free 
passage for the superfluous moisture. There should 
L be placed next to the drainage a little of the rough 
I fibrous substance that is collected from the soil, which 
will admit of a ready penetration of the water through 
it, and prevent the mould in the pots becoming too 
much saturated with wet ; as nothing is more in- 
jurious to the tender roots than to have the soil 
soured about them when in a dormant state. Du- 
ring the course of the season, they will require to 
be frequently examined; and such as appear to have 
out-grown their puts, to be removed into larger ones ; 
as, also, any that are in an unhealthy state should be 
shook out of the pot, and the roots examined ; and 
such as appear in a decayed state, cut away, and 
the plant fresh potted ; but observing, in these in- 
stances, to use rather small pots than large ones. 
In Autumn, the whole stock should be carefully 
looked over ; and those that a|ipear too much con- 
2m2 




THE PLEA8UHB GROUND. 




diately sown, without waiting for the return of the 
Spring season, as many of them will vegetate, if 
put in the soil as soon as received, that would 
remain dormant if kept for any length of time out 
of the seed pot. There should be a slight hot-bed 
prepared for plunging the pots in as soon as the seeds 
are sown, as a gentle heat will cause them to vege- 
tate sooner than if they are kept without bottom 
heat. Such seeds as have been collected in the 
stove, through the Summer months, should be 
sown in February or March, whicli is the best 
season for a general sowing. As soon as the 
seedlings appear to be of a sufiicient size for potting 
off, they should be put in small pots, but preserving 
as much of the soil and young fibres to the plant 
as can possibly be had. The young plants, after 
potting, should be re-placed in a gentle hot-bed, and 
kept shaded for a few days, until they begin to grow, 
when they may be removed to the stove ; many (rf 
the seedlings, as well as those rai.sed from cuttings, 
will naturally be drawn up in a weak state, for 
the want of a sufficiency of air white they are in a 
tender state ; these, therefore, should have their 
tops pinched off, -which will strengthen them, and 
induce the plants to form a bushy appearance. 



TBfi PLEASURE aROlTND. 



MANAGEMENT OF THE HEATHS. 

The annexed Plate represents the Ground Plan, 
Elevation, and Section of the Heathery, which was 
erected from the designs of Sir Jeffry Wyatville, a 
plan of which was engraved for the " Hortus Ericieus 
Woburnensis," printed by His Grace the Duke of 
Bedford, in 1825, for private distribution. I shall 
take the liberty of quoting the following passage 
from His Grace's Introduction to the " Hortus Eri- 

^<!SeU8." 

' It is universally acknowledged, that the genus 
Ttomprised in the following Catalogue requires a free 
I exposure to the influence of light and air; and I, 
I .therefore, suggested a due attention to a circum- 
I stance of so much importance to my architect, Sir 
1 Jeffry Wyatville, who gave me a plan for a Heath- 
house, elevated considerably above the level of the 
ground, by being erected over a covered walk within 
the Pleasure Ground, which leads to the various offi- 
ces, and other buildings connected with the estab- 
lishment, lighted from both sides, as well as from 
the roof, and affording a fuller exposure of both light 
and air than could have been possibly obtained by 
any other means. I have found this Heath-house 
admirably adapted to its purpose, and have annexed 
a plan of it to the Catalogue." 

This Heathery is above 100 feet in length, by 12 
P feet wide, and 9 feet high, to the centre or ridge 

^^1 of the roof The stages for the plants are arranged 



J 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

along each side of the house ; the one at the back 
consists of 6ve tiers of shelves formed with about 
two and a half-inch boards; and the other, along 
the front, is simply a platform, which is constructed 
of nearly the same sized boards, with apertures 
betwixt them, in order to carry off the wet from the 
pots, and to admit a free circulation of air amongst 
them. 

This Heath-bouse is terminated by a small ante- 
room, as indicated by the Ground Plan ; and id the 
niche in the wall there is a very large and brilliant 
mirror, which reflects the greater part of the bouse ; 
and the deception is so great, that the visitor fre- 
quently walks up close to the glass before he is 
aware of its existence: the effect produced by the 
reflection of the numerous flowers, with their various 
colours, is extremely elegant. 

The window facing the door of the ante-rooni, 
opening into the Pleasure Ground, is of an oval form, 
the margins of which are ornamented by 20 circular 
groups of ditferent species of Ericeo' ; and in the 
centre is a group of various kinds, represented in a 
basket ; consequently, there are about 50 of the 
most beautiful flowering species painted on this win- 
dow, which was executed by Mr. Andrews, and so 
accurately done, that they can scarcely be distin- 
guished from living plants. The recesses are fitted 
up with shelves, in which are placed the splendid 
worksof Mr. Andrews, on the Ericeee, and various 
other botanical works. This house is entirely 
devoted to the collection of Cape Heaths, respecting 
which the able conductor of the " Gardener's Maga- 
zine" observes, vol. 1. p. 336, " Of what other 



^ 




► genus can it be said, that every species, without 
exception, is beautiful throughout the year, and of 
every period of its growth, in flower, or out of flower, 
and of every size and age ? Suppose an individual 
had the penance imposed on him, of being forbidden 
lo cultivate more than one genus of ornamental 
plants, is there a genus he could make choice of at 
all to be compared to Ericem, perpetually green, 
perpetually in flower, of all colours, of all sizes, and 
of many shapes ?" 

Notwithstanding, however, all the beautiful and 
attractive qualities of this genus, its cultivation is still 
very limited, and not followed to the extent which 
it so deservedly ought to be : this may, perhaps, be 
occasioned by the supposition that various species 
of EricecB are much more difficult in management 
than other Cape plants, natives of the same climate. 
They certainly require a little more delicacy in their 
general treatment, than most other Botany Bay or 
Cape plants ; but they may be grown to great per- 
fection, with very little more care than is necessary 
for a collection of Pdargonia, and at even less ex- 
pense, as the same degree of artificial heat that is 
requisite for the preservation of the GeraniacetE, in 
^^ the Winter season, would be injurious to the Ericece, 
^HCape Heaths will bear a degree of frost and cold 
^Hwith impunity, that would be quite destructive 
^Hto the whole collection of PelargonitE. In short, 
^^ftmost of the species and varieties of the genus Ericece 
^^ may be successfully preserved throughout the Win- 
ter months, in pits, or frames, constructed similarly 
to those erected for the growth of the melon or 
2 N 




J 



174 THE PLEASURE OROITND. 

CQcnmber, if the lights of such frames or pits be well 
covered with bass mats. In frosty weather they 
should, also, be kept as free from damp as possible, 
and the lights opened at all favourable opportunities, 
which will facilitate its evaporation, and admit, at 
the same time, a free circulation of air into the pit, 
that will be Tery beneficial to the plants ; as the more 
air they are exposed to, when not of a very wet or 
frosty nature, the more healthy and vigorous they 
will grow. The Heath-house will but seldom 
require any fire heat ; which should never be applied, 
except in frosty or a continuation of cold wet wea- 
ther, when a little is necessary to expel the damps, 
and prevent the plants from being injured by the 
frost. Although the ErketB will bear a much 
greater degree of frost than most Cape plants, yet a 
little arti6cial heat is often necessary, in the Winter 
season, for their preservation, which should be but 
as sparingly supplied as the external state of the 
atmosphere will admit. If the thermometer, in the 
Heathen/, does not fall below 25 degrees, during 
the nigbt, the plants will not sustain any injury for 
the want of artificial heat. 

Although the Heath-house here is considerably ele- 
vated above the ground level, and very much exposed, 
I have never observed any of the plants injured by it, 
except a few of the tender shoots next to the glass. 
It is, however, advisable, when the thermometer 
continues to fall more than five degrees under the 
freezing point, within the house, to have recourse to 
the aid of the furnace, observing, however, to apply 
no more fire heat than is absolutely necessary for 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 375 

ng out the frost, as the cooler the plants are 
kept through the Winter, and preserved from frost, 
the more healthy they will grow. 

The Heathery should likewise have large portions 
of air admitted daily, to be only excluded in severe 
frosty weather, when the plants will require to be 
kept rather in a dry state, and but small portions of 
water given at once ; they should be looked over 
daily, in case any of them are getting too dry, when 
a little water will be necessary. In mild weather, 
they will require to be more liberally supplied, and 
should have occasional syringings over their foliage ; 
and as the season advances, this element must be 
more bountifully supplied, particularly in dry hot 
weather, when they should be syringed over head in 
the mornings and evenings, as well as large portions 
given at the roots. 

About the latter end of May, or beginning of June, 
the plants may be turned out of doors, and placed 
in a situation where they can have the benefit of the 
morning and evening sun, but sheltered from the 
westerly winds, and scorching effects of the sun's 
rays, in the middle of the day; and arranged so, as 
that a free circulation of air can readily pass • 
amongst the whole collection, which will prevent 
their being drawn up in a weak or languid state, 
as is frequently the case when crowded. The 
scarcer, and more delicate growing sorts, should be 
placed in a pit or frame, where they can also be 
shaded from the mid-day sun, (by throwing a thin 
mat over the frame,) and protected from heavy rains. 
If the Autumn months are at all favourable, the 
2 N 2 




S78 THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

plants may be left out of doors, until the middle or 
latter end of October, when they should be all 
cleaned and replaced in the Heath-house ; but if the 
season is wet, they will require to be taken into the 
house earlier, in order that they may be protected 
from the heavy rains, which would saturate the soil 
about their roots, and be injurious to the plants. 
When the Heaths are taken into the Heathery or 
Greenhouse, they should have as large a portion of 
air given to them as the house will admit of, both 
night and day, which should never be excluded, 
except in frosty, or cold and wet weather, wlien 
the Heathery should be shut up at night, but re- 
opened, if only for a couple of hours, in the middle 
of the day. 

The soil most suitable for the cultivation of Cape 
Heaths, consists of a black sandy peat, that is natu- 
rally intermixed with about one fourth of white 
sandy particles, which is frequently found on com- 
mons, where the common Heath or Ling is growing; 
the top spit of which should not be taken off deeper 
tlian the soil appears of a free silicous texture. The 
turfy, or swardy surface, should be all carted along 
*with it to the compost yard, and thrown upiaa 
heap, to decompose and pulverise for two or three 
months, when the soil will be fit for use. The plants 
that have overgrown their pots, may be shifted into 
larger cues, any time from February to August, or 
otherwise, after they have done flowering, or pre- 
vious to their coming into flower. If the operation 
be carefully performed, it is immaterial at what 
particular season. The balls of mould should sot 



I 



THE PLEASURE &ROTTND. 

be reduced, and as few of the roots iujured by it 
as possible, observing only to loosen the small fibres 
a little at the bottom and sides of the pots, which 
will induce them to strike freer into the fresh 
soil. There should, also, be plenty of drainage 
placed in the bottom of the pots, in order to carry 
off any superfluous moisture; and over the drainage 
a layer of the fibrous particles, sifted out of the soil, 
should be placed, which will also facilitate the 
carrying off the ^superabundant water. Mr. M'Nab, 
Superintendaut of the Royal Botanic Gardens at 
Edinburgh, has lately published a small treatise on 
the General Treatment of the Cape Heaths, which 
contains the most valuable instructions that have 
ever yet appeared in print on the subject, and ought 
to be in the hands of every cultivator or admirer of 
Uricete ; it is rendered doubly valuable by its coming 
from the pen of one who is generally known to be 
one of the best practical Botanists, and most success- 
ful cultivators in Britain, and whose Heaths are 
actually grown to the size of small trees, and many 
of them all covered, from the edge of the pot to the 
extremity of the plants, with beautiful blossoms. 

Mr. M'Nab recommends to be mixed along with 
the soil, " a quantity of coarse free-stone, broken 
into pieces, from an inch to four or five inches dia- 
meter ; of those I always introduce a quantity among 
the fresh earth, as it is put in. This I consider of 
great advantage to all sorts of Heaths ; but more 
particularly so to those that may have been shifted 
into a much larger pot or tub at once, than it had 
been grown in before, or in what I would call bien- 
nial, or triennial shifting." 



ISE n.Kucmi caocsB. 




, At, 

:mtke . 

Tke ftb iMcoded far ik 

I the dnin* 

: wHk tkc>oil.»kick 

f^mittK mml. fai tj liii il. faAe dq«iliag rf 

sMfc Bi^ k> laaa. bat uUb i mh ■« to bm; 
■toi m deiy B Ike ail ; a mj li^t com' 
m^ mU be qvle MCdeat. la ahcrt, if they are 
m Ml, umuu k. it «■ be aO Oat i> necesaiy. 
Aks the a«^ accsMBincd la the soO. Hiey sbooU 
hnsa genie ipiiabiag of sakr. to settle tbe ad 
abaak tbaat. wWb Hnat alaan be gireu to the 
aBed*fet» bf a aeiy fiae rase on the watexing pot 
TtlliwJ pull iufcuaM Ibialii placed in a cool fiame, 
w bim Aey Cfbei b M V d fret the mid-day sun, and 
Iha aoil ia the pals kept ia a moist and Tegetatiog 
alale. As soon as any of the seeds begin to vege- 
tMa^ and male their appeaiance thiough the soil, a 
little air ought to be given, which will prerent the 



THE PLEASTTRE GROUND. 270 

young plants from being drawn up weakly, and 
damping off. When the seedling plants have at- 
tained the height of two to three inches, they should 
be put into small sized pots, in the same soil as was 
mentioned for the sowing of the seeds in ; five or 
six plants may be placed round the edges of each 
pot, which should be again re-placed in the frame, 
and kept shaded, until they begin to strike root in 
the fresh soil, when they may be gradually exposed 
to the sun and air ; and after they appear to have got 
well rooted, and are growing freely, they should be 
put out singly into small sized pots, with as much of 
the soil attached to the young fibres as possible. 
When the plants are young, they will require to be 
frequently shifted ; but this operation must be regu- 
lated according to their growth, and as they fill 
their pots with young roots. 

But the most general method of increasing the 
Heath in this country, is, by propagating from cut- 
tings of the young shoots, which should be taken off 
when the wood becomes of a firm texture, when it 
will not be so liable to be injured by damp, as is 
frequently the case when put into the catting pot 
in a tender state. The best seasoa for putting in 
Heath cuttings, is from March to July; but the 
operator must be guided in this by the state of the 
shoots which are intended for this purpose. In 
fact, most of the species will strike root if put in at 
any period of the year, providing the cuttings are 
taken off when in a fit state. To procure shoots of 
the less free growing sorts, they may be assisted by 
placing the plants in a little artificial heat, at the 



480 THE PLEASURE GROITNT). 

early part of the season, which will be the means 
of furnishing good cuttings ; when they should be 
carefully stripped of their leaves to about half the 
length of the cutting, with a sharp knife or scissors, 
and the end cut clean across. They will then be 
ready for inserting into the cuttings pot, that should 
be previously prepared, and filled within a couple 
of inches of the rim with the drainage ; and then 
have a layer of the fibrous parts of the soil placed 
over the crocks, when the remaining space should 
be filled up with sharp pit sand, well washed, 
and cleared from all earthy matter, &c. The sand 
should, lastly, be well watered, and made perfectly 
firm and level, when it will be fit for the re- 
ception of the cuttings, which should not be in- 
serted deeper in the sand than is necessary for 
the fixture of them, to avoid being displaced in 
the watering, which should be liberally supplied 
while they are striking root. 

Many of the sorts will have formed good roots in 
the course of eight or ten weeks, whilst others will 
require as many months. In Autumn and Spring, 
the cuttings should be placed in a shaded part 
of the stove ; but, in the Summer season, they 
will succeed equally well in a cold frame, shaded 
from the mid-day sun. Mr. Muirhead, a very 
successful propagator of the Ericea, formerly 
plunged his pots in coal ashes, behind a north wall, 
in the Summer season, where they were covered 
with hand-glasses, and removed in Autumn to the 
Pine stove. The cuttings will, in general, strike 
root more readily by being covered with bell-glasses, 



THE PLEASURE GROrND. 281 

the size of which should be regulated by the pots, 
and be occasionally wiped, when there appears an 
accumulation of moisture on their inner surface ; 
but these glasses may consist of those with holes in 
their tops, which will permit the moisture to evapo- 
rate, and prevent it, in a great measure, from injuring 
the cuttings. Mr. M'Nab, however, and the Messrs. 
Loddiges, both consider these glasses unnecessary, 
except for a few sorts. When the cuttings begin to 
grow freely, it is generally a sure sign of their having 
made roots ; they should then be taken carefully out, 
and put into the smallest sized pots that are made, 
placing four or five round the sides of each, and then 
placed under a hand-glass, and shaded, until they 
begin to make young roots in the fresh soil, when they 
may be gradually exposed to the sun and air ; and 
when they appear to be of sufficient strength, and 
their roots well established in the soil, they should 
be planted singly into small pots, and afterwards 
treated in every respect the same as was mentioned 
for the seedlings. 

The culture of the ErkccB is rendered more easy 
by their being seldom attacked with insects; the 
green fly will occasionally infest some of the plants, 
but it is easily eradicated by fumigation, or by dip- 
ping the infected shoots into a decoction of tobacco- 
water ; some of the species are, also, subject to mil- 
dew ; but this is likewise readily subdued, by dusting 
a little sulphur over the affected parts; the most 
effectual preventive for the latter disease, however. 
is a free circulation of air amongst the plants 



2o 



THE PLEA^CRE GROUND. 



BAKOT H£ATB •ABDEX. 

TW sccospaayiBs Pbte is a lepresentaticm of the 

HirdrHaik Giide&,vliick motiins thediflefent 

spiecaes and wiedes ef soch SrkuB as will slmd 

the M ^ eri i i of ow cfimate thra^glioat the Wiiiter 

T^-'^^^g^ These puterres were deagpied wmd pie- 

pured br elt predecesor. Mr. ^ndair* and tkey 

are inaad tt> be well adapted for tlie |ii|im 

Euk spAM^ cr ririecy, is OQB&oed to aeparate bedii 

wtisdi are ali edired with the CmUmnm Tolgaiiii^ aad 

Enc:&i;ecnlix; axsd so disposed, that the tallest gioir- 

iB^ ki»i$ are arraved towsids the oeotie of the 

parteire^ wfii^sc the whole aie so iBtennized, ia 

pc^at c< oaccr. is to pcvjdoce the BKKt lirel j ooDtraH 

foss^lse. I: hence becocies an interesting spot, at 

4/. 5C&5cCiS c£ ihe ^near. as there are always some of 

^^< sects exrozsiiz^ their beautital Uosscxds.* Do- 

n^c th;: Suzimer aootiis. bubt of the duplicates 

uvea ;h<e Hei:h4icG§e« are turned out of their pots, 

x:>i rljuitec :3 this cv?ci^urtmeat, where they geiK- 

n^A- dowvr. crvw Ti^croaslv, and form themselTei 

r.;ro haad^sccK bcshy plant*, the scarcest amf cea- 

ocrt^; ktzNis of which are taken up in AuUiibd, 

rC(V>;t^. Ju>i r>fp<aoed ia the Heathery. Many 

^,>4' 5he Sixv:cs tiut ire nitircs of the Cape of Good 



* I «tt\ *«iclx s&v. u&is :be?« w':&a scjlzc«It Se a cTCAicr a^ 



Hope, will stand nine or ten degrees of frost, in 
this situation; and very probably, by further expe- 
rience, we may meet with some sorts that will 
stand the severity of our Winter months altogether. 
The Erica aetata, iriftora,^nAJloribunda, have stood 
out of doors here, through the last two years, with- 
out being in the least degree injured by the frost. 

The last two Winters were, undoubtedly, very 
favourable for their preservation ; the thermometer, 
in this quarter, not indicating more than 14 degrees 
of frost. 

The following is a list of the species that are culti- 
vated in this Garden :— 



Ebica. 


laUM. 


arborea. 


SrvAra. 


1 ilylosa. 


umbellata ; this also 


1 iquarToia. 


quires to be protec 


Australia. 


in Winter. 


actKa. 


viridi purpurea. 


carnea. 


vagans. 




\alba. 


ciliam. 


2 rubra. 


cinerea. 


1A pallida. 


\aU>a. 


4 teaella. 


2 atropHTjrurea. 


Calluna. 


3 rubra. 


vulgaris. 


floribanda. 


\alba. 


MediteTranea. 


2 aurea. 


multifluTa : this requires 


Acamea. 


the protection of a mat 


4 coccinea. 


in Winter. 


6 decumbenM. 


icoparia. 


6 fore plena. 


1 mmma. 


7 protlrata. 


■tricta. 


8 tpicata. 


totnJu. 


spuria. 



-.. . '^^-Kf^m 


ffv^lWfltk-JG^^^H 


2«4 THE PLEASURE GROUND. 




cmpetrifoiia. 


11 variegata. 


polifolia. 


Empetbcm. 


1 angnilifolia 


nigTuin. 


2 latifolia. 


ecoticum. 


atuma. 


Menziesia. 


HUDSONIA. 


carulea. 


ericoides. 




■ B r K W A n B T.K . 



J 









// 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



MENAGERIE. 



The annexed Plates, No. 10 and II, are perspec- 
tive views of the different erections connected with 
the Menagerie, and its entrance. These buildings 
were erected from the designs of Mr. Replon, and 
consist of numerous wired compartments, for sepa- 
rating the various birds and animals : they are con- 
structed against the wall which forms the north 
side of the enclosure ; the rest being surrounded 
with a high rustic fence, (against which, as well as 
in the centre of the wired compartments, and also 
interspersed through the interior of the ground,) are 
clumps of evergreen shrubs, for affording shelter to 
the pheasants, &c. The lower part of the centre, or 
octagonal building, is devoted to a collection of 
Canaries, and other small birds, which build their 
nests in the various apertures that are formed around 
the walls of this apartment. The upper half of the 
building consists of a very complete Pigeon-house, 
which is occupied by a numerous collection of the 
most curious varieties of these birds. 

The wings, on each side of the octagons, constitute 
the Keepers apartments, which are entered by a 
portico, on the north side, formed with rustic posts, 
&c. In the recess of the portico are placed, in 
glass cases, two Anidopes, that died about two 
years ago. The space occupied by the Menagerie 
covers nearly two acres of ground, in an angle of 



«8 THB PLEASURE GROUND. 

tlie Pfeasore Ground : the principal entrance to this 
interesting spot opens from one of the main walks, 
and consists of a handsome architectural stone struc- 
ture : See fig. 1, on the following Plate 1 1. The 
interior side, see fig. 2, facing the Menag6rie, is 
of a hexagonal fonn, and constructed with rough 
wood, so as to correspond with the other Sylran 
erections. 

For the accurate delineation of Plate 10, I am 
indelrted to Mr. G. P. Harding, of Hercnlea BuUd- 
ings, lambeth, whose indisputable talent^ as a 
miniature copyist of our old pcnrtraits, &c. deserves 
to be much more generally known, and more ex- 
tensiTcly encouraged. 



il 



I 



1 




('r ■ Vr J>r/j/„ 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



CHILDREN S GARDENS 



The annexed Plate is a representation of the 
Ground Plan of the Children's Gardens, which were 
executed from the designs of the late Mr. Repton. 

The different Arbours that are dispersed through- 
out these parterres, indicate to whom the adjoining 
flower-bed belongs, by having the name of its owner 
attached to the front of the Ai-bour ; which is also 
covered with various sorts of creepers. The cir- 
cular figure, with a walk leading from it to the 
oval, is a representation of the Ground Plan of the 
Grotto, which is built of different flints and stones, 
with walks leading around the right and left, and 
running into each other at the top, where there 
is an octagon platform, about eight feet square, 
encircled by an iron railing, for the training of 
creepers, which chiefly cover the exterior sides of 
the walls. The inside of the Grotto walls are inlaid 
with various shells, as well as the ceiling. At the 
entrances to, and junction of most of the walks, lead- 
ing from the different divisions in these Gardens, 
are arched trellis's, which, together with the va- 
rious Arbours, give this spot an interesting and pic- 
turesque appearance at all seasons of the year. 
The borders that surround these Gardens are thickly 



• 



288 THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

planted with different kinds of evergreens, such as 
Arbutus's, Rhododendrons, Aucubas, the Laurus- 
tinus, &c. &c. with each sort grouped together, so as 
to heighten the contrast of the foliage. 



THE PI.KASrRE GK0I7ND. 



THE EVEnOHEEfJS. 



I 



The annexed Plate represents a bird's eye view, 
taken from the top of Woburn Church Steeple, of 
the fore-ground of about 100 acres of richly wooded 
Evergreens, planted by John, Duke of Bedford, 
in 1742. The inequality and variation of sur- 
face, together with the different species of trees 
■and shrubs with which it is decorated, and the 
extensive sheet of water in the face of it, render 
this one of the most interesting and picturesque 
landscapes in the county ; and one that is very 
generally acknowledged to be but seldom equalled 
by any thing of the kind that is to be met with 
elsewhere. For the different views of this land- 
scape, we are indebted to the late Mr. Repton, who 
suggested various improvements, and superintended 
.the execution with that taste and judgment which 
[lie was universally admitted to possess, and which 
caused him to be distinguished eis the very first 
English Landscape Gardener of his day. 

While we have here, on the summit of the rising 
ground, several thousand full grown Scotch Firs, 
many of them measuring 65 feet in height, and 7 to 
8 feet in circumference, we have, also, these en- 
vironed with fine specimens of the Spruce Fir ; 
and the Pinus Pinaster has, in several instances, 
attained the height of 70 feet, and upwards of 12 
feet in girth, at seven feet from the ground. There 
2 p 



THE PLEASUUH GROUND. 

are, also, some trees of the Weymouth Pine, 
(Pinus Strobus,) whose height are above 74 feet, 
and 1 1 feet io girth. In the front ground of these 
large trees, we have the numerous varieties of 
Hollies, Evergreen Oaks, Arbutuses, Rhododmdrom, 
Cypresses, and other species of Evergreen Shrubs, 
&c. growing in great perfection. There are, also, 
several trees of the Quei'cus Ilex (Evergreen Oak.) 
45 feet high, and 9 feet in circumference. Again, 
in the undulations and openings, we have the mag- 
nificent Cedar of Lebanon, and several single trees, 
and clumps of the genus Pinus, such as the Piiius 
cembra, halapemis, inops, pinaster, &c. all growing 
in great luxuriance and beauty. In a recess, near 
the commencement of the main ride^ is a clump 
of four Cedars, which cover nearly a rood of ground, 
and are 70 feet high ; the trunks, at six feet from the 
ground, measure 17 feet in circumference. As the 
Evergreens extend towards the North East, in a 
circuitous direction, for nearly two miles in length, 
we meet with the Silver Fir, of great magnitude, 
and the Holly, which forms a hedge of 500 yards in 
extent, of 45 feet in height ; some are nearly six 
feet in girth. There are, also, several very fine 
specimens of the Hemlock Spruce in this part, and 
an abundance of the Arbutus uva-ursi, flourishing on 
the banks, in the shade of the trees. 

Throughout these Grounds are formed spacious 
walks and rides, whose margins are richly decora- 
ted with evergreen and flowering Shrubs ; and at 
various openings, towards the South, are large clumps 
of different varieties of Rhododendrons, which have 



THE PLEASURE GROUND. 



attained upwards of eight feet in height in the 
natural soil. This consists of a light yellow sandy 
loam, free from any kind of peat, in which Ame- 
rican, and other flowering plants, flourish in equal 
luxuriance, which renders this an ornamental and 
interesting part at all seasons of the year ; it 
may be very justly termed the Winter Gardens. 
The sheets of water, which are represented in the 
sketch, form a pleasing feature to the adjoining 
scenery ; their margins being diversified by the 
Weeping Ash, Willow, and clumps of other appro- 
priate trees, shrubs, &c. In the centre of the broadest 
part of the lower lake, is a handsome Turkish 
Chiosk, surrounded by Poplars, Rhododendrons, and 
other Evergreens; and, at the nearest extremity, a 
Viaduct, which connects the upper sheet of water 
with the lower, they being on two different levels. 
Over this Viaduct, the public road passes from 
Woburn, through the centre of the Park, to the 
Abbey, and neighbouring villages. At the Woburn 

I entrance is the commencement of an handsome 
avenue, of about 60 feet in width : this avenue 
passes through a part of the Evergreens, and is lined 
with Cedars, Hollies, Spruces, Evergreen Oaks, 
&c. &c. and extends, from the Park-Gate towards 
the Abbey, above half a mile in length, where it 
terminates with a plain Doric-lodge. 

The upper piece of water, which is of a circuitous 
form, embraces a small circular Island, in the centre, 
which is planted with low shrubs, where the Rho- 
dodendrons are most conspicuous, the reflection of 
whose flowers in the water produces a most pleasing 
2 p2 




292 THE PLEASURE GROUND. 

effect. This sheet of water is, also, connected with 
another of less extent, by a small foot-bridge. There 
are no less than twelve different pieces upon other 
levels, extending altogether above a mile in length, 
one of the uppermost of which passes in view of the 
principal rooms of the Abbey. This is the most 
extensive sheet, covering above twelve acres of 
ground ; its form and size were much improved 
by Mr. Repton, in order to render it picturesque 
from the chief point of view. The more circuitous 
and ragged the boundaries of a lake are, the more 
pleasing and attractive it will always be to the eye. 



A8PLEY COTTAGE. 



ASPLEY COTTAGE. 



It has, of late," says Mr. Repton,* in reference to 
this subject, " become a common practice to erect 
Cottages, and small houses, in a style called Gothic, 
for which there is no authority in the ancient remains 
of the 1 5th and IGth centuries." As a contrast to these, 
and for the sake of preserving a genuine specimen of 
that kind of architecture which prevailed from 1450 
to 1650, the Timber Cottage, at the extremity of 
Aspley Wood, has been erected in the years 1810 and 
1811; and by order of His Grace the Duke of 
Bedford, the strictest attention has been given to the 
detail, as will appear from the authorities subjoined. 

I" Few buildings of this early date remain entire ; 
the general plan of this Cottage is, therefore, not 
taken from any individual specimen, hut the parts 
are copied from the most perfect fragments of the 
kind, some of which have since been destroyed. 
" It may, perhaps, be objected, that this Cottage 
is too small for a Mansion, and too richly orna- 
mented for the habitation of a Labourer ; but such 
was often the style of old Manor Houses, whose 
dimensions did not exceed those of this building, 
which is quite as large as the old Farm House at 
Stone Wall, near Penshurst, in Kent, where an 

' From * M.a. Volmiie, on liiipruvenient^ l*ro|mscd at 
jVoliuni Park. 



I !■ 



i 







« w "«" ■ 



* * <* 









A 



THE KITCHBN GARDEN. 



KITCHEN GARDEN. 



,,In the choice of the site foflS'e Kitphea Garden, 
the sityation, if possible, should be selected where it 
may be sheltered by plantations, or other adjoining 
scenery, from the high cutting winds, which are very 
destructive to the early crops, as well as to the fruit 
blossoms. 

» The site that appears most suitable for a Kitchen 
irden, is on the declivity of an eminence, or rising 
ground, where it slopes towards the South ; and 
if it can be formed with about one foot of a fall 
in thirty, and so as to have a gentle inclination to- 
wards the East, say about one foot in every hundred 
feet in length, the crops will have the better advan- 
tage of the morning sun in the Spring months. The 
annexed Plate will illustrate the general arrange- 
ment of the Kitchen Garden here, which was exe- 
cuted from the designs of William Atkinson, Esq., 
of Grove End, St. John's Wood, whose extensive 
experience io the various kinds of horticultural 
erections has been very generally acknowledged, 
as giving great satisfaction. 

This Garden consists of a parallelogram, which is 
the most convenient form for cropping, and for 
affording a greater portion of South aspect for the 
finer wall fruits. The space enclosed within the 
walls contains about four English acres of ground ; 
it is surrounded by a broad slip, which, being planted 



THE KITCHEN GARDEN. 

with a selection of the best sorts of pears and appks, 
as standards, gives the exterior of the Garden the 
appearance of an Orchard. 

On referring to the Plate, it will be perceived 
that the range of Fordtig-houses is erected against 
the South side of the North wall of the Garden, and 
that the Coal Sheds, Furnaces, and other necessary 
appendages, are placed behind, where the fires are 
attended to, and the ashes, and other unsightly 
objects, are not in view from the principal walks of 
the Garden. The Pit, or what is more generally 
called the Melon Ground, is also arranged in the 
space behind the Hot-houses, and comprises three 
ranges of Pits, two of which extend to about half 
the length of the Garden, and are principally oc- 
cupied with a succession of pines, melons, cucum- 
bers, &c. all heated by dung linings applied round 
the Pits. The two back Pits, No. 21, and 22, are 
both heated by hot water, and are chiefly filled with 
the fruiting Pine Plants, and with Grape Vines, along 
the top of No. 21. The intervening spaces betwixt 
these ranges of Pits, are all paved with brick, which 
renders the Melon Ground always dry, and more 
easily cleaned from the frequent quantities of dung, 
&c. that is necessarily deposited between the Pits, 
in the renewing and taking out of the spent dung in 
the linings, &c. In the range of back Sheds, are 
situated the Apple Chambers and Seed Room, and 
other requisite compartments. In the centre of the 
range, No. 15, is an apartment fitted up for the en- 
tertainment of company in the fruit season; the 
ceiling of this room is ornamented by several kinds 



A 



THE KITCHEN GAttDEX. 5mi 

of birds, and the floor is inlaid with different kinds 
of oak. 

On the wails are hung two magnificent fruit 
pieces, painted by G. Lance, Esq. whose accuracy 
in the delineetion of fruits is universally admired. 

The interior of the Garden is divided into four 
quarters, each of which is surrounded by a row of 
standard fruit trees, planted along the flower borders. 
By thus confining the trees to the borders, the 
quarters are left free from their shade, and enabled 
to produce vegetables of a better quality. The shoots 
of the trees being all trained in the weeping or 
French form, which they call the " Quemuillc," they 
do not shade, or but little injure the flowers or crops 
adjoining the borders. This method of training the 
shoots has also the advantage of checking the flow of 
sap, and throwing the trees, at a much earlier 
period, into a bearing state, than if tliey were per- 
mitted to grow in their natural form. In the cen- 
tre of the Garden, where the walks cross each other, 
is an iron cupola, which is covered with creepers, 
and forms a pleasing object to the eye from the dif- 
ferent parts of the Garden. 

The principal entrance to the Garden is situated 
opposite to the centre of the West wall ; its being 
in the most direct line from the Abbey, renders it 
the most suitable site for it, as the ground opposite 
tbe centre of the South wall, (which would, else, 
be the more appropriate space for the entrance, as 
commanding tbe best view of the Hot-houses,) falls 
much too rapidly into a hollow, which continues, 
for a considerable distance, on each side, opposite 
•2 Q 2 




THE KITCHEK GARDEN. 



the centre door, to admit of its being placed 
there. The main entrance is about 80 feet from 
the West wall ; it consists of a handsome archi- 
tectural building, and is connected with the Gar- 
den by a neat iron arch trellissing, that measures 
80 feet in length, 8 feet wide, and about 12 feet 
in height, and is covered with different kinds of 
creepers, which have a very beautiful appearance 
when in flower. But to give the reader a fuller 
idea of this erection, I have given a perspective view 
of it on the following plate. At each end of the 
entrance wall commences an iron railing, which eOhi- 
closes all the West boundaryof the Garden; the 
South and East sides being enclosed by a hedge, 
which is also protected from the deer by an oak 
fence. The North side is bounded by a sunk fence, 
with an iron railing along the top of it. This 
Garden is well sheltered, on every side, by planta- 
tions, which occupy the rising ground around the 
space enclosed, which falls both towards the South 
and East. 



JtEF£RENCE TO THK ANNRtTlT 



,kd; fdolowi 



rii 



1. Groumi Plan of Garde BBf%4%lL>. — ^ | I | " 

-2. Hot-wall. '--^: 

U. RaD|^ of Peach-houBOB. 

4. Citron iliiiI Lemon -hu use. 

5. Vig-hoiis€. 
ti. Range of Vineric-t. 
7. Kooin for Workmen. 



— lll-^ 



THE KITCHEN GARDEN. 

i. Open Sheda, fur Mould, Flower Pots, &c. 

. Tool- house. 

I. Foreman's Uooms. 

. Fire-place Sheda. 

. O Dion -room. 

. Root- bo use. 

>. Room for Company to take fruit ia. 

. Wailing' room, for ditto. 

. Room for Dessert. Apples, iScc. 

, Room for Kitchen Apples. 

. Seed-room. 

. Office. 

. Pinery for fruiting; Pines. 

. Pine Pits, for ditto. 

. Succeaaion Pine Pits. 

. Pits for young Pines, Melons, Cucumbers, &c. 

. Pits for early Melons, Cucumbers, &c. 



The following are lists of the different varieties of 
fruits cultivated in the Gardens at Woburii Abbey. 



APRICOTS. 



Breda. 

Hemtkirke. 
Large Early. 

Mtwrpark. 
Orangp. 



Peach Apricot. 
Bed MiK aline. 



Rural. 



302 



THE KITCHEN GARDEN, 



PEARS. 



Time when fit 
for use. 

Ambrette d'Hiver Nov. — Jan. 

Angelique de Bordeaux .... Feb. — April. 

Angleterre Oct. 

Angeliqae de Rome Dec. — March. 

Aston Town Oct. 

Aagnst Muscat Aug. 

Autumn Bergamot Oct. 

Ambrosia Sept. 

Autumn Colmar Oct. 

Belle Lucrative Oct. 

Belmont Nov. 

Bellissime d'Hiver Nov. — April. 

Bergamotte de HoUande . . March. — June. 

Cadette Oct. 

de Soulers Jan. — March. 

Rouge Sept 

Beurr^ Diel Oct.— Nov. 

Ranee Dec. — April. 

» Easter Jan. — March. 

Spence 

Bezy de Caissoy Nov. — March. 

Bishop's Thumb Oct. 

Black Worcester Nov. — Feb. 

Brown Beurr6 Oct. — Nov. 

Catillac Dec. — April. 

Chaumontel Nov. — Jan. 

Cbaptal Dec— April. 

Comte de Lamy Oct. 

Colmar Nov. — Jan. 

Early Oct.— Nov. 

Autumn Jan. 

Crasanue Nov.— Dec. 

Winter Jan. 

Citron des Carmes July. 

Darimont Sept.— Oct. 

D'Auch Nov. — Jan. 

De CandoUe Sept. 

Delices d'Hardenpont .... Oct. 

Damas Nov.— Dec. 



DeMurt, 



Kitchen. 
DeMsert, 



KUchen. 
Dessert, 



Kitchen. 
Dessert. 



THfi KITCHEN GARDEN, 



303 



PEARS. 

Time when fit . 
for use. 

Dillen Oct.— Nov. 

Doable d'Antomne Nov. — Dec. 

Duchesse d'Angoul^me .... Oct.— Nov. 

Dowler's Seedling Nov. — Feb. 

Early Bergamot Aug. Sept. 

Elton Sept. 

Eastnor Castle Jan. — April 

Etranglee '. Nov. — May. 

Flemish Beanty Oct. — Nov. 

Famenga Sept. 

Forelle Nov^— Jan. 

Franc R6al d*E't6 Sept. 

GanseFs Bergamot Nov.— Dec. 

Gendeseim Sept.— Oct. 

German Muscat March. — May. 

Gilogil Dec ^April. 

Glout Morceau Nov. — Feb. 

Great Blanquette Aug. 

Green Pear of Yair Aug. — Sept. 

Chisel Aug, 

Sylvange Oct. — Dec. 

Grey Doyenti^ : Oct. — Nov. 

Grumkower Nov. — Dec. 

Hacon's Incomparable Nov. — Dec. 

Hessel Oct.— Dec. 

Henry the Fourth Sept.— Oct. 

Holmer March.— May. 

Incommunicable Oct. 

Jalousie Oct.— Nov. 

Jargonelle Aug. 

Kuiser , Oct.— Nov. 

Lammas Au^. 

Lansac Nov.— Dec. 

Lent St Germain March. — April. 

London Sugar July. — Aug. 

Longueville Sept. 

Long stalked Blanquet July. — Aug. 

Louise Bonne Nov. — Dec. 

Marcenx July. 

Mansnette Sept. 

Marie Louise Oct. — Nov. 

Marquise Oct.— Nov. 

Martin Sec Nov. Jan. 



Dessert* 



THE KITCHEN GARDEN. 




TiacafecaM 

HataSin Dec— Feb. 

Mcmfle d'Hbrer N«t.— Dec 

llMiraJfH OcL— N«>. 

Ha^fariEa Sept.— Oct. 

MmatEMitj Jnly. 

.. S<f«. 

. Jan.— ApiIL 

. Not. 

. Sept.— Oct. 

. Nor.— March. 

KdtsWiMtt Dec— Ju. 

Oak-lcand Impnial Jw.— HUqr. 

OnopTaUpM Sept. 

. Dec-Ja>. 

. AaK.-Se|>L 

. N*T.— Much. 

- A-g. 

. Dcc—Jmi. 

4e Tinier Nor.— Dec 

FIgM Oct— Not. 

Pau^Cade Oct. 

Prin cw of Orange Oct. 

Prioce't ADf. 

Biche OcL— Jan. 

Benle d'Hher Dec.— Feb. 

Sabine Nor.— Jui. 

SI. Aogmtiii Dec.—Feb. 

StGervain Nor.- Jan. 

St. P«e Feb.— Hay. 

SccUr Oct. 

Seifoew d'E'tr Sept. 

Spaiush BoDchrctieD Nor. — Dec. 

SL Gcnnain, I'lediki Jan.— April. 

Sammer Bei^aaral Sept. 

Boae Aug. 

BoodiretieD Sept. 

Swan's Egs Sept—Oct. 

Swist Bersamut Sept.— Oct 

Tresor Dec.— March. 

Urbanbte Sept— Oct. 

ValHeFrandie Ang.— Sept. 



KUdum. 
Deurrt 



KiUkta. 
Deuert. 



Dtarrt 



THE KITCHEN GARDEN. 



I 



PEARS. 

for SH. 

White DoyeuD^ Sept— Oct. 

Willianu'i BoocbreKen .... Aug.— Sept. 

Wiodsor „ Aug.— Sept. 

Winter Bnnchretiea Jan.- Feb. 

Winter Ronsselet Jan. — March. 

Vole Sept 

APPLES. 

Acklam't Runet Nov.— Feb. 

Adanu'i Pesnn^n Nor.— Feb. 

Alfriston No*.— April. 

A «bmead's Kernel Nor. — May. 

Aitrachan Wliitc Aug. — Sept. 

Balliniore 

Baittor't Peannain Nov. — Marcb. 

Beacllam well Seedling .... Nov.— April. 

Beauty of Kent Oct— Dec. 

Bedfordiliire Foondling .... Nov. — Jan. 

Bd*oir Pippin Nov. — Dec, 

Benwell'a Pearmain Oct~-Dec. 

Beat-Poole Jan.— April. 

Blggs'i Nonesnch Oct. — Dec. 

Blenfaeim Pippin Nov. — March. 

It iKKim Apple Nov. — March. 

Bowyer"* RuMet Sept— Nov. 

Braddick's Nonpareil Oct.— Dec. 

Breed on Pippin ........ Nov. — Jan. 

Brickley ScedJing Dec^May. 

Briugewood Seed Pippin .... Dec. — May. 
Bor^orir, or Queen's Apple .-.. Nov. — Feb. 
Calville Blanche d'Hiver .... Dec.— Marcb. 
Malingre Jan. — A.pril. 

Rouge, or Winter .... Nov.— FeU 

Red 

Canadian Reinelte ...•>. Dec. — March. 

CanliDe Nov. — Feb. 

Claygate Pearmain Nov. --Feb. 

Cockle Pippin Nov.— May. 

Codlln Winter Ang.— Nov. 

Croflon Scarlet Ang.— Sept. 

Cole Apple Sept— Dec 

2 K 



De*»ert \ Cut. 
Culinaiy. 
Dtlttrt, 
Cidinary, 



Cutmary. 

Duierl. 

Dmlrt 4- Cvi. 

CntiRory. 

Dtntrt. 

Dtlttrt. 



^^^^^^ 30b' TH^KITCI 


H 


■ 


^^^ 


PPLES. 

TItnc whrii ni 


H 


^^^^^H Colonel Harbord's I^ppln . . . 


... NOT.-Marcli. 


r.liaii^^H 


^^^^^^^1 


. ., Nov — Feb. 


DrMI^^H 


^^^^^H July Flntrer 


... Nov.— April. 


^^^1 


^^^^H Court or 


... OcL-April. 


'^ ^^1 


^^^^^^^1 


. .. Oct.— Nov. 




^^^^^^^^^1 DarlinjrtoD Pippin 


. .. Oct.— Jan. 


^^H 


^^^^^^^^^^^^B Dowcll*H Pippin 




~'^^H 


^^^^^^^1 


... 


_^^H 




. .. Oct.— March. 


ruUan^^^l 


^^^^H 


.. Nov.-Mareh. 


DCMM^^H 


^^^^^^^1 Dnmelow'i 


,.. Nov.-April. 


CafiNO^^H 


^^^^^H 


... Nov.-June. 


DtiMI^^H 




, . . Oct— Nov. 


— ^^^H 


^^^^^H Eaiter Pippin 
^^^^H PrenchCrab 


. . . Nov. 


r.».^H 


^^^^^^H Emperor A lex an ilcr .. . 


.. QM.-Dec. 


DrMfi^^l 


^^^^^H 


... NoT.-Fcb. 


CKlinafjf. 


^^^^H Fronklin-n Golden Pippin 


,,. OeL-Jan. 


DfMurt. 


^^^^^^^^V Fulwood Apple ......■■ 




Culinar,. 


^^^^^^^ Golden Harvey 


Uec-June 


NoUe 


... Nov.— Marcli. 


IkL'mJ^^I 


Pippin 




^'™^^H 




. .. Oct.— Dec. 


_r!^^B 


Hanwell SoMrinn 


. . , Ocl.-May. 


CaliM^^H 


Hawtlujrndcii 


... Sepl.-Dec. 


— Z^^H 


Hnlibard's Pearmain 


.. OcL-March. 


Drut^^^l 


Irish Peacb Apple 


, . . August. 




Jubilee Pippin 




De$*tTl ^ CiU. 
DeatTt. 


Jun^sting 


... July.-Augiist. 


KcnlUb Pippiu 


, . . Oct. — Jan. 


Culaary. 


Keiwick Codlin , 


... Sepl.-Nov. 


King of the Pippin. 


.. Nov.-Dec. 


Dastrl. 


Birke's Lord NelMn 


. . Nov.-Jan. 


C.(>l<«v^^_ 


Lamb Al)be; Pearmain - . . . 


. .. Dec-March. 


ixJi^H 


Lemon Pippin 


.. Oct— March. 


CHtiaJ^H 


^ Lucomhe'i Seedlipg 


... Oct.-Feb. 


^^S 








^^^^^^^^^^^^H Margil Apple 


.. Nov.— March. 


Dcatrt 




... Dec.— May. 






.. Nov.- Feb. 




^^^^V 


... Nov.-April. 




^^^^^^H Nonesuch Apple 


.. Sept.- Dec. 


Caliwrj. 


^^^^^H Norfolk BEsafln 


.. Nof.-May. 








d 



^^^^^^T?5#r 


HI 


■■ 


THE KITCHEN GARDEN 


907 ^^H 




APPLES. 


^M 


Norfolk PBrailUe 


Oct.— Marcb. 


^^^H 


Northern Grceoiiig 


Nu».— April. 


^^H 




Dec.— Marcb. 




Old Royal Riuact 


Nov.— AprU. 


CHtin^. ^H 


Oxnead Peaniiaiii 




Dtuert. ^^^H 


Padley'i Pippin 


Nov.— Dec. 




PUe'iRusset 


■ ...-. March. — April* 


Cut. If Df$irt. ^^H 
DeutTt. ^^1 


Pine-Apple Ruuet .... 


Sepl.-Oct. 


PoiumeGrUe 


Oct.— March. 




Pomme de Demt Am. 


.... Sept.— Jan. 


^^1 


RedAitracan 


Angnet. 


^^H 


Red Quarrenden 


August.- Sept. 


— ^^H 


Rlbston Pippm 






Scarlet NDopareil 


Nov.— March. 


^H 








Ston Pi iQ 


„ ^'"j ■ 




SunuDcr BroiidinR 


Oct.— No*. 


Sweenty Nonpareil 


NoT.-Marcli. 


Sykehoiwe Unsset 


Dec.— Mnrdi. 


Dtiatrt ^^^^k 


Tranaparent Codlin 


Nept.-.Nov. 


^H 


Waltham Abbey Seedlins 


.. Oct.-Jai.. 


OtiaiTl if ^^^H 


Wbeeler-s Rosset 


Nov.— April. 


^^H 


White Cockle Pippin 


.... Nov.— May. 


— ^^H 


Whitmure's Pippin 


Nov.-Jan. 


— ^^H 


Winter Colnwn 


Nov.- Marcb. 


^^^1 


Winter Hajetjn 











^^H 


Winter Red Calvlllc 





— ^^H 


White Calvilia 


Dec— Murch. 


- . ■ ^^H 


Wyken Pippin 


Oct.- Jin. 


^^H 


Yellow I ngestric 


Oct.— Not, 




Vorluhire Greening 


Nov April, 


^^^1 


PI.UMS. 


^^^H 


Blue Gagf. 


Goliatb, 


^^^^^1 


Builaee Yellow. 


Gariick'. Early. 


^^^^^^1 


Coe'a Oidden Drop. 


White OagK. 


^^^^^^H 


Danaou, Wbilc. 


Green Gnge. 


^^^^^^H 


Dauiaon, Bluck 


ImpFfBtrice, Biui 


^^^^^^H 


Diaper. 


Downtoi 


^^^^^^^H 


Urap dOr. 


lujpcrinl Dindcui. 


^^^^^^1 




Jiiuoe Hitive. 
2 [i2 


m 



1 

L 



THE 


KITCHEN GARDHNJ^H 




PLUMS. 


Kiikp'i. 




Pnrple Oagc. 


La MUciensc. 




Perdrigon, Bed. 


La RoyiUe. 




Red Magnum Bonnni, 


Maitre Claude. 




Reine Claude Violelte. 


MiwbeUc. 




Royale de To«r». 






St. Catharine. 


Morocco. 




Washington. 


Nectarine Plum. 




Wentworth. 


Orleani, Wilmot'. N«w Eariy. 


White Bullace. 


Orieani. 




White Irapemirice. 


PerdrigQD, Blue. 




While Magnnui Bonnui 


Prune DanuoD. 




Wioenour. 


Peter's Large Yellow. 




Yellow Gage. 




CHEKR 


ES. 


Ambree. 
Archduke. 




Bleeding Heart. 
Elton. 


Belle de Choiay. 




Kentiib. 


Bigarresu. 




Knight's Early Black. 


Black Eagle. 




May Duke. 


Black Hear). 




Morello. 




RASPBEKRIES. 


Antwerp, late Bearlntt. 


Double Bearing. 


Antwerp, Bed- 




Prolific Early, 


Antwerp, Yellow. 




Willianu's Pre.erving. 


Barnel. 




Wihnol'i Eariy Bed. 




liOOSEBEltRIES. 


IDI. 






Crown Bob. 










Top Sawyer. 


FoxhuDter. 




Warrington, Bed. 


Highwrnymsn, 




Wblpper-in. 


HuntimaD. 




Yailey Hera. 






VELLOnf. 


Old Hough Red. 




Amber, Earty. ^; 


TtoHrine Lion. 




Brandy Yellow,^H 


Rough Robin. 




Golden Drop. ^^H 



THE KITCHEN GARDEN. 



900 



Golden Onuige. 
Great Ganner. 
Nelson's Waves. 
Regulator. 
Rockwood. 
Sovereign. 
Viper. 
Willow. 
Orbbns. 
Anchor. 
Elijah. 
Favourite. 
Green Gage. 
Greenwood. 
Joke. 

Lord Crewe. 
Ocean. 



GOOSEBERRIES. 

Southwell Hero. 
Troubler. 
WiUow. 

Wistaston Hero. 
Whitbb. 
Bonny Lais. 
Governess. 
Lady Delamore. 
Lancashire Lass. 
Queen Caroline. 
Thrasher. 
Toper. 

Wellington's Glory. 
White Eagle. 

Lion. 

Rock. 

Whitesmith. 



Common Black. 
Champagne. 
Red Dutch. 



CURRANTS. 

White Chrystal. 
White Dutch. 



American Scariet. 
Autnnm Scarlet. 
Bath Scariet. 
Black Roseberry. 
BkMd Pine. 
Bostock. 
Carolina. 

Clustered Scarlet. 
Common Hantbois. 
Downton. 
Dutch. 

Dwarf White Carolina. 
Elton Seedlmg. 
Granstone Scariet. 
Green Alpine. 
Gamstone Scariet 
Glazed Pine. 
Grove End Scariet. 
Hudson's Bay Scariet. 
Keen's Imperial. 
» Seedling. 



STRAWBERRIES. 

Knighf s Large Scarlet. 
Monrisania Scarlet. 
Myatt's Pine Apple. 
Nairn's Scariet. 
Oblong Scariet 
Old Pine. 
Old Scariet 
Pitmaston Black. 
Black Scariet 



Prolific Hautbois. 
Red Alpine. 

ChilL 

Roseberry. 

Round White Carolina. 

Scariet Cluster. 

Scone Scariet. 

True Chili. 

White Alpine. 

Wood. 

Wilmot's late Scariet. 
Wilmof s Superb. 



310 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



MATERIALS BEST ADAPTED FOR HOT- 

HOUSE ROOFS. 

Of what materials the construction of Hot- House 
Roofs may most suitably be made^ is a subject that 
has occupied, of late, the anxious attention of many 
horticulturists; and various and conflicting have 
their opinions been, insomuch that it would be a 
matter of serious difficulty for a person to come to a 
satisfactory conclusion which material bears the 
preference. 

Let us commence ab-avo. During the last half 
century, the authors of all the numerous improve- 
ments that have been adopted, in the formation, &c. 
of these structures, have principally had in view 
such inventions as would tend to admit the greatest 
portion of sun and light to the trees or plants, in the 
ungenial days of Winter and of Spring. Since it 
has been generally acknowledged, and is now estab- 
lished, that sun and light are amongst the first and 
most essential requisites for early forcing, several 
schemes have been resorted to, for their more unre- 
strained admission ; such, for instance, as a reduc- 
tion of the substance of materials in the wood 
houses, to within half the size of what prevailed with 
our antique forefathers, as also by the introduction of 
metallic substances. 

It has, however, been stated by many, that the 
latter materials are unfit for Hot-House Roofs ; as 



FOHCING DEPARTMENT. 



iing conductors of heat and cold, tbey render the 
ises additionally cold in Winter, and too hot in 

mmer. Tliis objection is certainly applicable to 

■ought iron and cast metal bars, in some degree, 
they are both formed of a solid bar, and are, in 

msequence, unquestionably conductors of heat and 

lid. But this objection, I sliall hereafter prove, may 
sufficiently guarded against. 

Cast iron sashes have, likewise, been introduced 
the roofs ; but from their ponderous weight, and 

ittle nature, they have not been found very appro- 
priate. 

In short, I conceive, that cast iron is the worst 
material possible for the sasb bars or astragals, as 
tbey are very liable to snap in two, iu the giving or 
taking away the air ; and, in most cases, they cannot 
be repaired without re-casling the entire sash ; and 
this, in the forcing season, might be attended with 

isiderabie loss. 

The wrought iron curvilinear bars have, also, been 
of late years extensively used in the construction of 
roofs; especially in plant structures, for which they 
are certainly well calculated, as they form an elegant 
and light roof, and can be erected at a much less 
expense, than rafters and sliding sashes. Messrs. 
Loddiges, of the Hackney Nursery, as well as 
Mr. Knight, of the Exotic Nursery, Chelsea, alike 
prefer this material to any other; and in both estab- 
lishments there has been a large curvilinear house for 
a number of years. Yet, however applicable the 
curvilinear roofs may be for plants, I do not consider 
them so well adapted for Forcing-Houses, as the 



this 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

roofs are necessarily fixed, and are, in consequence, 
often very deficient in power of ventilation ; air 
being, in most cases, only admitted by having venti- 
lators in the back and front walls, which has 
frequently proved inefficient for modification of the 
temperature in hot weather. This defect is now, 
however, principally removed, by having parts of the 
roof and ends so constructed, as to admit a free cir- 
culation of air. which will certainly obviate that 
difficulty. 

But the principal objection that I have against 
using the wrought iron sash bar in forcing- houses, is 
its attractive qualities, which allow the heat and cold 
to pass rapidly through it. Wrought iron is, also, 
very liable to corrode, much more so than cast metal, 
of which all who have had any experience of the 
two must be fully aware. 

In the construction of the Forcing-House Roofs, 
cast iron rafters, wall plates, &c. wrought iron sash 
frames, and copper bars, have been extensively used; 
they are considered by many the most durable 
materials that can possibly be introduced ; and when 
properly executed, I should imagine that a roof of 
this description cannot be surpassed by any other 
for durability, the admission of sun and light, and 
elegance of appearance. The annexed Plate, No. 18, 
will illustrate the materials of which the Forcing- 
Houses, at Woburn, are constructed. They are 
raised on somewhat a different principle from 
any that 1 have yet treated of; that is, with a com- 
bination of the several materials. In this range, the 
rafters, standards, spouts, and sills, where strength 



FORCING DRPARTMEVT. 313 

is required, are of cast metal : the lights are com- 
posed of wood rims, and copper bars ; over the rafters 
is a wood coping, which prevents the wet getting 
in between the tiles and rafters, and, likewise, 
lessens the external action of the atmosphere : the 
same effect is produced within, by the new con- 
trivance of a safely water gutter, composed of wood, 
and lined with lead, and screwed on the lower part 
of the rafters, which is an invention of Mr. Jones, 
and of real importance, as it prevents any of the 
water that collects on the lower part of the rafters 
from falling on the foliage, at the same time, that 
it gives them a neat appearance. 

The sash bars, or astragals of the lights. Fig. 3, 
consist of sheet copper, the lower side of which i» 
hollow ; a circumstance which, as Mr. Atkinson has 
justly observed, obviates every objection that at- 
taches to wrought iron, or cast metal ones, of being 
conductors of heat and cold. This tube, by being 
always full of air, transforms the bars into non-con- 
ductors. 

Hot- Houses, constructed with these materials, 

and in this manner, I consider preferable for every 

practicable purpose, for durability, neatness, admis- 

non of sun and light, and as non-conductors, to any 

rther description of house that I have yet seen. 

The lights of the forcing range are all glazed with 

•own glass, seven by seven inch squares. Sec Fig 2. 

lere is one improvement of peculiar imprjrtance, 

itroduced by Mr. Jones in the glazing of these 

luses, which deserves to be more generally adopted 

lan it has yet been, as it is the most effectual pre- 

2s 



FORCING DEPAUTMENT. 

ventative for the breakage of glass that has i 
come under my observation. The panes are all 
bedded on a small stripe of solid lead, which is 
rabbitted on both sides, so as to 6t the thickness of 
the glass, and which prevents it from slipping out 
of its proper place. The small aperture left in the 
centre is to carry off the moisture and foul air that 
collect within the house. 

It has, however, been asserted by many, that 
metallic substances are less durable than wood in 
Hot-House Roofs, however well executed. Now 
this is an assertion, which I really consider too pre- 
posterous to require any refutation. In the name 
of common sense, I would inquire, what, ^jrima/ade, 
can render metal materials less durable in Hot- House 
Roofs than in other buildings, where we meet with 
fragments still remaining, that have been in use for 
centuries ; and the same material is introduced 
daily by all the eminent architects of the age, in 
the execution of the various buildings which they 
design, and which they intend shall stand for ages. 

In arguing this question, it is unfair to bring the 
durability of wood houses, erected in the present 
day, with those constructed even thirty years ago, 
as the subject of comparison. Nobody would think, 
in the present day, of shutting out, by the monstrous 
bars, then in use, the sun and light. We must 
take modern wood structures for the standard, and 
modern metal ones; and as it is obvious in these, 
tliat the wood materials of the roofs have been re- 
duced to nearly half the substance of those erected 
forty years ago, their strength and durability must, of 




necessity, be propottiaMibly d 

to this disadrantige. k i 

late years, the •'■"■j*^ " if I 

is constantly kept i 
merly was the i 
tually exposed to i 
Dally, aod to tbe TOy fraqBert cfanges of the 
weather exteniallj, they are wtjeet to ererf 
destructive influeoce> wlocli must opente Bore 
rapidly on the wood, and the injonaos efiects of 
which can only be partially stay^ed by the freqoeat 
and expensive applicatioa oi paints. 

Metallic roofs are, however, repreaeated to be sub- 
ject, in an extraordinaiy degree, to coatiactioa and 
expansion, and, conseqnently, liable to break moch 
more glass than wooden ones. As regards these 
shews of ob)ecticHis, 1 can confidently assert, that I 
have not yet, daring the five years that the houses 
have been erected, observed one pane of glass 
broke in the whole range of metaUJc houses here, 
either by expansion or ciHitraction ; aod further, 
that, during the severe frost, in the Winter of 
1829, when the thermometer indicated 29 degrees 
of frost, not a pane of glass was broke by it in the 
metallic range, where we had upwards of 200 squares 
cracked in the range of wood houses. I, however, 
do not mean to imply that this number of squares 
vras broken in consequence of the houses being con- 
structed with wood ; it might be, and undoubtedly 
was, in fact, occasioned by imperfect glazing ; but the 
fact will show bow ridiculous it is to impute a greater 
breakage of glass to the use of metal materials. la 



316 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

short, it is my own opinion, as well as that of mair 
others, that this climate will never, from either heat 
or cold, expaod or contract the copper bars, to such a 
degree, as to cause breakage of glass. The Messrs. 
Jones and Co., the manufacturers of our houses, are so 
decidedly convinced of the fallacy of this argument 
to the point in question, that I cannot avoid extract- 
ing the following passage from their agreement of 
contract, which, I think, is sufficient to set this 
question at complete rest. " The houses," says the 
document, " shall be constructed, and finished in 
a better and more durable manner than any yet 
erected in England. In proof of which, we hereby 
engage and bind ourselves to supply all the glass 
which may be broken by frost, expansion, or con- 
traction, or from whatever cause, excepting hail or 
accidents, duriug the space of fourteen years, for the 
sum of 405. per annum ; and should any part of the 
frame*work, sashes, or bars, give way, during the 
said space of fourteen years, from the time of erec- 
tion, we hereby engage to repair them at our own 
expense. In short, at the expiration of fourteen 
years, the houses shall be left by us as good as when 
first erected." 

Now, where, I would ask. shall we find a manufac- 
turer of wood houses engaging to repair, in the like 
manner, all the breakages, and to leave the houses 
at the cijtiration of fourteen years as good as tieti) ! The 
truth is, we have many instances of wood roofs being 
entirely worn out, in the space of from 14 to 20 
years ; and we will cite, for instance, the range of 
this description in His Grace the Duke of Northum- 



A 



FOBCIN 



berland's Garden, at Sioo House, wln^ «ms» m 
fact, totally unfit for hoiticQlttnal yur poa ea at the 
end of seven years, in coDseqoeoce of the diy rot. 
Tbere was, also, an extensive range m Ae Bofai 
Gardens, at Kensington, most t 
about 16 years ago, of which tbe ; 
of the sashes and rafters is nov in a decayed ami 
mouldering state. 

As regards the painting of oietalBc mo^ fte. it 
has been asserted by several, thattbaBioefria|aiM 
much more paint than wooden c 
the wrought iron bars will require it mote t 
than those constructed of other materiaJs ; bat ttdr 
dimension being also much smaller than Aat of wood 
houses, the less portion of paint will be c 
to cover them, as, undoubtedly, less tilH 
to lay it on. The following abatnet, i 
Jones's agreement, will be, also, a tafk 
I presume, to the objection as to painthig: ** Wldi 
respect to keeping the booses in paint, tte imiiSe 
of the copper bars would not require k at aO in 
any length of time, or number of vean ; i 
fore, we engage to paint the outside, the fi 
&c. and the rims of the lights, erery tbreeorfav 
years, as it might be wished for, at oat e 
two-thirds of the expense which would be r 
for a range of wood houses of equal exteoL" 

The inside of the copper bars, ia the Fortag- 
Houses here, has not yet lieea painted, neiAer docs 
it appear to require it In many of the t 
ments, the bars are as bright and clean as i 
first erected ; and the copper never beiiw i 




FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

to corrode, paint will not add one day to its 
bility. It has been asserted, that althongh c 
is not liable to corrode, its verdigrease is perni- 
cious to vegetation. But when we take into con- 
sideration the extreme smailness of the bars and 
surface that the water can accumulate upon, that it 
can never collect and remain, for so long a time, on 
so slight a substance, as to become impregnated 
with the copper, no injurious effects to vegetation 
can reasonably be anticipated. In fact, I have not 
yet been able to discern any drip or moisture falling 
trom the bars. 

It has again been objected, that copper bars are 
unfit for Hot-House Roofs, as being liable to bend, 
to the great damage of the glass, &c. under even a 
shower of snow. In reply to this, I will refer to 
the Winters of 1830, and 1831, when, it must be 
readily admitted, we had much heavier falls of snow 
than have been known for the previous twenty 
years. In this part of the country there was snow, 
during 1830-1, from a foot to fifteen inches in thick- 
ness, lying on the Hot-House Roofs, yet I can 
confidently assert, that neither was a single pane 
of glass broken, nor a bar bent by its accumu- 
lated pressure, although many of them are nearly 
1 1 feet in length. Hence, as these were suffi- 
ciently strong to resist so heavy a weight, we may 
naturally suppose they are capable of standing 
against all ordinary chances of destructive wind and 
weather. In short, I conceive, copper is the best 
material that possibly can be used for the bars, 
where smailness of substance and durability are re- 



Iquired. It is, also, a great preservation to the glass, 
lowing to its non-absorbing qualities, an advantage 
Iwhich wood does not possess. The oil from the putty 

! never abstracted from it by metal substances, as it 
MS in wood, consequently the putty 'remains sound 
loD the copper rabbits, and prevents the glass being 

baken out ; while, as soon as the oil is absorbed from 
lit by the wood bars, the putty scales off, and away 

;oes the glass to destruction. 

RAFTERS, &C. 

Where strength again is requisite, as in the Rafters, 
Standards, &c. I am decidedly of opinion that cast 
Uetal is the best material for this purpose, as it is 
fit subject to swag by weight, nor so liable to cor- 
e and exfoliate as wrought iron. 



SASH FRAMES. 

The frames of the lights may be either made of 

rrought iron or wood ; for this purpose, I certainly 

■efer the latter material, as it renders the sashes 

Duch lighter, and easier moved up or down, than 

hose with iron rims. They are, also, easily re- 

[ paired ; and, by having a few of the different lengths 

of the copper bars as a reserve, an entire light 

might be got ready for re-glazing in much less than 

I half the time that would be requisite to prepare a 

Urooden sash. Although the wooden rims are not 

durable as those composed of metal, new frames 

1 be readily substituted as required. 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



COMPARATIVE COST. 



It is objected that metallic houses are much i 
expensive, at first cost, than wooden ones ; unques- 
tionably, a superior article is always higher than an 
inferior one ; but, in the erection of a range of Hot- 
Houses, I do not consider the difference of expense 
such as should deter any Nobleman or Gentleman 
from adopting the former, in preference to the latter, 
especially if dui^ability and elegance of appearance 
be any object of consideration. Wood houses, con- 
structed with green, or unseasoned timber, and 
inferior workmanship, may, undoubtedly, be put up 
at a very trifling expense indeed, as well as metallic 
roofs of slight materials, and imperfect workmanship. 
The principal advantages which metallic roofs, when 
properly executed, have, in my opinion, over wooden 
ones, is their decidedly greater durability, and the 
admission of more sun and light to the plants in the 
Winter and Spring months. The durability of me- 
tallic substances in Hot-House Roofs, is, in fact, no 
theoretic question ; it has been proved, beyond a 
doubt, in practice. There are, at present, in the 
Woburn Gardens, 12 large lights, each consisting of 
45 feet of glass, in the form of inverted vases, which 
were originally made for the forcing of Vines ; and the 
whole have been constantly exposed to the weather 
for nearly forty years; the bars of these lights are 
composed of copper ; and, during that period, they 
have not had above three coats of paint, and are still 




FORCmO DEPARTMENT. 

I sound as when first executed, although of but 
I.Tery slight manufacture, in comparison to the bars 
ficonstructed in the present day. 

There are, also, in the Gardens here, cast iron raf- 
ters, and wall-plates, that have now, for nearly 
twenty years, been used in a couple of Pine pits, 
Lstill as sound as when first cast. The lights of these 
i^its are constructed of wood, and have been, for 
several years past, constantly under the necessity of 
having some part or other renewed : these are 
heated with dung, and, also, with hot water ; so that 
either, or both heats, may be applied at pleasure. 
The steam, arising from the fermenting substancer, 
is very detrimental to the wood, whilst its pernicious 
effects do not injure the metal in the slightest degres. 
In short, I should recommend cast metal rafters, 
and wall-plateSj in all pits that are bested with 
duDg. 
L Various other instances, in proof of the durability 
W of metallic roofs, might be referred to, from works 
that were executed from thirty to forty years ago. 
The numerous objections that have been raised 

t against metallic Hot-Houses, have been principally 
advanced by those who never had them under their 
own immediate charge, or by those who have had 
the cast metal, or the sashes whose bars were com- 
posed of the sheet iron, and enveloped in a thin bit 
of copper. But, injustice to the public, the opponents 
of the metallic roofs would but act fairly to state 
the exact materials of which the houses that they cite 
are constructed. 

Mr. M'Intosh, an excellent scientific and practical 
2t 



322 FOKCING DEPARTMENT. 

Gardener, expressly says, in that valuable wo4 
" the Practical Gardener," lately published, vol. 
page 55y, — " Trellissiag is now universally made of 
wire, as being lighter, stronger, and more durable 
than wood, and capable of being put up at rauch 
leas expense." It is evident, from the above para- 
graph, that Mr. M'lntosh considers even wire raore 
durable and stronger than wood. Now, when this 
Author is convinced of the superiority of a material 
thai is BO very liable to corrode, being preferable to 
wood, in the erection of the trellissing, where strength 
and durability are so requisite for the support of 
trees and fruit, which rest, in most iostances, 
entirely upon it, I am at a loss to divine how the oppo- 
nents of metallic roofs can assert that this material 
is injurious to vegetation, in consequence of its 
corroding qualities. Surely, fruit, foliage, and shoots, 
would be as much injured by the wrought iron or 
wire trellissing, with which they are constantly in 
contact, and which are so very subject to corrode, 
as they possibly can be by metallic roofs. 

The trellissing is, unquestionably, the first part of 
the structure that is likely to give way, when com- 
posed of wood, in consequence of the pressure it has 
to resist, and owing to its being kept almost coa- 
stantly in a damp state, by the frequent syringin 
of the trees. Sec, which soon rot the wood- work. 



w- 



jr.yl 



i 



nf fiill n 



K,^^^^^^ 






->-^, 
.>■-■ 










FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



ON HEATING HOT-HOUSES, &c. WITH 
HOT WATER. 



Amongst tbe numerous improvements that have 
been lately introduced in horticultural erections, the 
apparatus best calculated for heating them forms 
one of no small importance. Since the successful 
application of steam and hot water for this purpose, 
the old brick flues are falling rapidly out of repute; 
and we may look forward to no very distant period 
to see these smoke-flues totally expelled from the 
Gardens, and only used as conductors of the smoke, 
or in conjunction with the hot water pipes, for 
economizing fuel and heat. Steam, which is of 
rather a recent introduction, is not likely to become 
very generally applied to the heating of Hot-Houses, 
in consequence of the great expense attending 
its first application, and the subsequently greater 
consumption of fuel. The expense, at the first 
erection, is considerably more than that of flues, or 
lot water pipes ; consequently, the steam apparatus 
been but seldom introduced, except in large 
establishments, and for the heating of extensive 
ranges, for which it Is unquestionably well adapted, 
and is perfectly efficacious in the most severe 
weather, to keep up, to convey to a great distance, 
and give out, in equality, the requisite degree of 
heat, through the various compartments in which 
it is introduced. The system of heating by hot water 
2 T 2 



erec 

It 




FORCING DEPARTMENT. 




is, however, of a still more recent invention ; and 
its successful application to horticultural buildings, 
we are indebted to William Atkinson, Esq. who has 
devoted much time and attention to the constructing 
and heating of Hot-Houses. This Gentleman, being 
much attached to horticultural pursuits, has erected 
in his own Garden, at Grove End, St. John's Wood, 
several extensive ranges of Hot-Houses, whereby he 
is enabled to prove the efficiency of his experimeni 
at the same time that he gratifies his taste. 

The simplicity of the hot water apparatus, 
bined with the steady and congenial heat produced 
from it, will always render this mode of heating 
Hot-Houses the most appropriate for general pur- 
poses; in short, I scarcely think it is likely to be 
ever superseded by any other application, of what- 
ever form or construction. There is, no doubt, but 
that time will suggest various alterations iu the boilers 
and pipes ; but the application of the water is not 
likely to be dispensed with, as it must be generally 
acknowledged, that the heat produced by hot water 
is more congenial to vegetation, and of a less arid 
nature than that given out from smoke flues, or the 
steam apparatus. The principal advantages that 
the hot water pipes have over the two latter methods, 
are their longer retention of heat, less consumption of 
fuel, and their requiring much less attendance. I may, 
however, here observe, that, notwithstanding the 
above advantages, several complaints have already 
appeared against this system, occasioned, no doubt, 
by constructing the pipes, &c. on an erroneous prin- 
ciple. Every practical Gardener will admit, that 



3y he 

M 



A 



rORCING DEPARTMENT. 325 

the most essential requisite in the beating of Hot- 
Ilouses, &c. is to have the apparatus constructed 
upon such principles, as will, in severe weather, give 
a perfect command of the internal atmosphere of the 
compartment in which it is introduced, and which 
shall retain the heat to a sufficient degree, with the 
least attendance and consumption of fuel. I shall, 
hereafter, prove that nothing has yet been invented 
to surpass, or even equal the hot water system, for 
the above mentioned purposes, when properly exe- 
cuted. There have been, however, several the- 
oretical schemes resorted to in the formation of the 
pipes, &c. upon a very mistaken notion, as, for in- 
stance, that of constructing the pipes of such shallow 
dimensions as to contain scarcely any room for hold- 
ing a body of water. The object of the inventor 
was to increase the temperature of the house rapidly ; 
but he omitted to take into due consideration what 
was necessary to retain the heat afterwards^ and, 
hence, the failure. 

But if the pipes, &c. are properly constructed, I 
will maintain that the temperature of a house can be 
both more quickly raised, and longer retained, than 
was ever the case with smoke flues. In the Forcing- 
Houses at Woburn we can heat a compartment, 
in which the boiler and pipes together, contain 112 
imperial gallons of water, to 132 degrees in the 
boiler, in forty minutes from the lighting of the fire, 
• and to 152 degrees in one hour; and that without 
fi consuming more than three-fourths of a bushel of 
, coal. When water is heated to 152 degrees, it was 
I considered by the late Mr. Tredgold, and others. 




S26 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

more ready in ^ving out its caloric than when at 
higher degree. 

In another house here, the boiler, pipes, and resi 
voir contain 190 gallons. The boiler has been filli 
when the water was at 45 degrees, the fire lighi 
and in the space of one hour the temperature of tl 
quantity of water has been raised to 1 10 degrees in 
the boiler, and to 98 degrees in the reservoir, which 
is 50 feet distant from the boiler, the fuel consumed 
being only half a bushel of coal. In the course of 
two hours, the water in the boiler was increased to 
138 degrees, and, in three hours, its temperature 
166 degrees. The fuel required for raising it to 
last mentioned degree, was simply one bushel, whic] 
would be sufficient to keep an ordinary sized hoi 
for 24 hours, in the severest weather, when once 
a-going. The thermometer in the reservoir indicated 
12 degrees of a lower temperature than that in the 
boiler, which may be readily accounted for, by being 
fifty feet apart, and farther from the immediate action 
of the fire. The advantages which these large pipes 
have over those of less dimensions, is, that when the 
great body of water is once heated in them, they will 
retain it for a number of hours, without requirii 
any additional fuel supplied to the boiler, or attei 
dance ; whereas, the shallow pipes, if not constantl; 
attended to, and the fire kept plying under the 
boiler, will soon become cold. It must, therefore, 
be obvious, that the small, or shallow pipes, require 
B far greater attendance, and infinitely more fuel, 
than those of more capacious dimensions. 

The size of the boiler, pipes, &c. should 



: of 

Ito I 







I 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 327 

regulated according to the area of the house, or 
number of cubical feet of air which it may contain, 
and the degree of heat it may be necessary to keep 
up in the severe Winter months. It is advisable to 
arrange the pipes, kc, so that they will have a per- 
fect command of the internal atmosphere, when 
the external may even indicate from 25 degrees to 
28 degrees of frost ; we may calculate on this 
climate's not much exceeding the latter point, and 
but seldom indicating that degree; but in the Winter 
of 1830, the frost was so intense for several miles 
round this neighbourhood, that the thermometer in 
several places stood within three degrees of Zero, on 
the mornings of the 19th of January, and 5tb of 
February. 

To guard, therefore, against any failure or risk in 
these extreme cases, the pipes, &c. should be made 
»nd arranged, so as to contain a large body of 
water, and of heated surface to the house, as already 
observed ; the more capacious these are, the higher 
the temperature will be increased, and the longer 
will the caloric be retained. The general size of 
the boiler and reservoir, in the Forcing- Houses 
at Woburn, is about two feet long, and 20 inches 
deep, and about 18 inches wide. The return pipe 
is 4 inches in diameter, and the upper, or conducting 
pipe, measures 12 inches over, by 4 deep, and eon- 
tains double the quantity of water that the lower 
pi|>e does, and gives out a much greater degree of 
heat, and is sufficient to keep up a high state of tem- 
iperature in any ordinary sized Forcing-House. The 



988 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

largest compartment here allotted to the boiler and 
these sized pipes, contains about 5,060 cubical feet 
of air, and 1,080 superficial feet of glass, which is 
more than we generally find heated by a single fire 
or flue in a Forcing- House, and is more than I sliould 
recommend to be heated by the same sized boiler, 
and pipes, for early forcing ; and when such houses 
are intended for early crops, they should have a 
larger surface of pipes, or otherwise the flue ought to 
be carried along the back wall or footpath, which 
will have a considerable tendency to increase the 
temperature, with the same consumption of fuel. 
But, in the houses here, the flues are carried nearly 
perpendicular from the boiler, and, in consequence, 
a portion of the heat escapes out at the chimney 
tops, that would otherwise be saved, if conducted 
along the back path or wall. 

The most suitable sized house, in my opinion, for 
very early forcing, and to be heated only with one 
fire, with the boiler, pipes, &c. of the dimensions 
above specified, should not have to heat a greater 
area than 3,000 or 3,500 feet of air. The smaller 
the house is for this purpose, the greater command 
there will be in severe weather, and the less fuel 
required for the maturity of the earliest crop. It is 
more advisable to begin forcing in the smaller com- 
partments, and to leave those of larger dimensions to 
follow in succession, when the season is more 
favourable to vegetation, and when there is less 
risk in having a full crop, particularly of stone 
fruit. 





FORCING DEPART 

In the setting of the boiler, &c. much depends on 
the rapidity of heating the water, as when the fire 
I that plies under and around the boiler has not a 
I proper draft, a considerable time must elapse before 
E the water in the reservoir, at the extremity of the 
house, is warmed. The boiler, reservoir, and pipes, 
should be always, when practicable, as near on a 
level as possiblcj which will cause the hot water 
water to flow more rapidly to the extremity of the 
house into the reservoir, whence it returns through 
the lower pipe into the bottom of the boiler, where 
it again becomes heated ; and the hottest particles, 
being the lightest, ascend to the surface, and are pro- 
I pelled along the upper pipe, forcing the colder ele- 
Iment before the warmer body into the lower pipe, 
and so again into the bottom of the boiler. Thus 
the circulation is continued while there is any fire 
under the boiler; and the heat remaining in the 
brick work after the fire is burned out, will be suffi- 
cient to retain the heat in the boiler, pipes, &c. for 
many hours. 
The Plate, No. 20, will illustrate the principle 
[ on which the boilers, pipes, and reservoirs, are 
i^cted. The boiler (A,) is placed in a niche of 
back wall, and can be attended to from the 
heds behind, where the 6re is supplied to it. 
"he pipes (C,) that proceed horizontally from the 
^boiler to the front of the house, are circular, and of 
four inches diameter ; the upper one enters the 
boiler within two inches of the top, and the lower 
(ibout two from the bottom. These pipes are con- 



39D FORCINU DEPARTMENT. 

nected by a bos, twenty inches by ten, which 1 
constructed so as to connect the pipes that run~ 
parvUel with the front of the house, and are joined 
to the obioog reservoir (D,) at the furthest or 
coldest end of the house. The upper pipe is twelve 
inches broad, the margins of which are raised, so 
as to bold water OQ its surface for creating a steam 
ta the house ; it also gives out a much greater 
quantity of caloric than the round ones. The reser- 
voir, containing a large body of hot water, keeps that 
part within a few degrees of the same temperature 
as that at which the boiler is placed. When tlie 
water, in the latter, is at 200 degrees, the thermo- 
meter in the reservoir generally stands about 12 
degrees lower, while the fire is plying; but, in the 
mornings, they are both of nearly an equal tempera- 
ture, and the atmosphere of the house, at both ends, 
is within 6re or six degrees of each other, even 
when the boiler and reservoir are 50 feet apart. The 
boiler is Airaished with a wooden cover, which fits 
into a grooved frame of the same material snrrouod- 
iag it, and prevents any evaporation or steam, except 
at pleasure. The coTer of the reservoir is of cast 
metal, and may be taken off vben requisite, either 
for the MlmisskM of steam, the adding of water, or 
•nptyio; of the pipes, &c. Water should never be 
■Hnrad to tcmain in tbe pipes in the Winter i^easoQ, 
whm not at work, as it will be liable to be frozen, to 
ttltpaodt ^kI burst them. There appears to be various 
OfiiaioDs relative to the boiler best suited for the 
ffwcdy actioQ of the fire ; buttherecan be no doubt. 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 331 

I that that which js attended with the least labour 
I and consumption of fuel mustalwayfi bear the pre- 
I ference. 

The square boilers possess the advantage of simpli- 
Icity, and of ready access in getting them cleaned, to 
' prevent an incrustation settling on the inner side of 
the bottom, which frequently occurs where the sedi- 
ment of the water is not removed, and which renders 
the bottom liable to be burned out of them, as the 
water within is prevented from coming in contact 
with the part immediately on which the fire plays. 
When the pipes and boilers cannot be placed on a 
level, as is sometimes the case, and when the former 
have to be carried over the door, or to dip under 
it, it is necessary to have steam-tight boilers for 
forcing the water along the different levels ; but the 
reservoir cover should be left unscrewed, in order 
that a little steam may evaporate out by the edges of 
the cover, which will prevent any collection or ex- 
plosion of the steam ; but the less complicated the 
apparatus is, the more efficacious it will generally be 
found, as well as the least expensive. 

Since the preceding observations went to press, I 
have had an opportunity of seeing Mr. Weeks's 
newly invented buHer, &c. which, in my opinion, is 
the most economical and complete apparatus for the 
heating of Hot-Houses, &c. that I have seen. This 
boiler consists of several hollow bars, or pipes, con- 
nected together in the shape of an oblong square, 
which are kept full of water, and form the fur- 
nace that the fire rests on, that immediately warma 
2 u 2 



333 FORCING DEPARTMENT, 

the pipes, and causes the water to flow, and cir- 
culate rapidly from one extremity of the house to 
the other, keeping up a steady heat with a trifling 
consumption of fuel. But I shall be able to speak 
more decidedly on this subject hereafter, as Mr. 
AVeeks is preparing a boilery &c. of this description, 
for the Gardens at Woburn Abbey. 



V 



i 



^m 



i 



»1 



1 



1 



V. 
I 






^ 



FOKCING DEPARTMENT. 



» 



CONSTRUCTION OF THE PEACH-HOUSE. 

The range of Peach-Houses here, is placed to an 
.angle of 30 degrees, and is 102 feet long, and 
'divided into different lengths; the middle division, 
intended for the earliest forcing, is 28 feet long; the 
end compartments are 35 and 39 feet long ; the 
width of the house is 12 feet in the clear ; and the 
height of the back wall is 10 feet from the floor level 
to the top of the rafter. The front sashes, and 
parapet wall, are three feel nine inches from the 
ground level to the top of the spout, or water gutter, 
as illustrated in the section. (See Plate 19.) The 
spout serves both as a plate for the support of the 
rafters, as well as for conveying the water that 
falls on the roof. There are also small piers of brick- 
work carried up from the foundation of the front 
wall, for the support of the table trellising, which 
springs from within 12 inches of the wall ; this 
space is reserved for the planting of the trees within 
the houses. Their roots extend under the arches of 
the parapet wall, to the exterior border, which is 
raised about one foot above the level of the adjoiniug 
ground. The hot-water pipes are also supported on 
pillars, and run parallel to the front wall, at two feet 
distance, under the table trellising, to the extremity 
of the compartment. The boiler is placed in a niche 
of the back wall, and is attended from the sheds be- 
hind, where the furnaces are supplied with fuel. The 



I ItlUU, Wl 



W:- 



J 



8S4 FORCING DBPARTMENT. 

back trellising springs from within nine inches of the 
back wall, and goes up in a sloping position, as shewn 
in the section ; the whole trellis being composed of 
iron rods, and the meshes left about Etx inches wide. 
The roof ends, and front lights of these houses, are 
all constructed with cast iron rafters and wall 
plates ; the sashes, with wooden frames, and copper 
bars, as illustrated in Plate 18, and glazed with 
crown glass, by which, in a roof of this kind, more 
sun and Hgfit are admitted in March, when they are 
so essential to early forcing, than one composed of 
wood, will admit in April. 



PEACH-HOUSE BORDERS. 




Having already given a description of the coi 
struction, and the materials used in the erection of 
the Forcing- Houses here, I will now proceed by 
making a few brief remarks on the formation of 
the border, which is of no small importance to the 
future success of the Peach and Nectarine. Although 
these trees will grow, and even produce fruit in 
various soils, for a few years, they are, unques- 
tionably, more subject to mildews, cankers, and 
other diseases, in some soils, than in others, and, 
consequently, of less duration. It is, therefore, a 
matter of some consideration to select such soils as 
are most congenial to the health and preservation of 
the trees, as I have frequently met with instances of 
their being worn out, and under the necessity of 
being cleared away, and replanted with others, 
where they should have only been in their pntne and 



d 





POnciVO DKPARTMENT. 335 

full bearing state, in consequence of the border not 
being properly prepared when they were first planted. 
The soil that appears to me the most suitable, is the 
top spit of a pasture, which consists of a yellow 
^loam, rather strong in quality than of too sandy a 
nature. Whilst the Peach-House was erecting here, 
a large quantity of this mould was drawn contiguous 
to the building, and incorporated with about one- 
fourth good decomposed stable dung, which was 
turned over once a month, for three months pre- 
viously to using. 

As soon as the houses were finished, the interior 
and exterior borders were excavated to the depth of 
three feet six inches, and about twenty-five feet in 
width, measuring from the back wall ; but allowing 
two feet of a fall from back to front : along the edge 
of the walk, parallel to the house, a large drain 
was formed for carrying off the water that might 
collect on the border ; the bottom of the drain 
was kept about eight inches lower than the bottom 
of the border, which consists of a strong retentive 
blue clay, and, by being bevelled off from back to 
front, the water passes readily into the drain, and 
keeps the border free from wet. 

Immediately over the substratum, about six 
inches of brick bats, and rough lime rubbish, were 
laid, and then the remaining three feet filled up with 
the compost previously prepared ; but keeping the 
whole from lO to 12 inches higher than the ground 
or floor level, as an allowance for subsiding. The 
soil should be firmly trod in betwixt the piers of the 
front wall, or any other interstices, when it cannot 




FOBCi; 

be kept above the ground level, that the roots may 
not become too deeply buried in the ground when it 
settles. It, perhaps, may be necessary to observe, 
that the mould should be rather in a dry state when 
put into the excavated border, and this operation 
should be performed in dry weather. 




PLANTING THE PEACH-HOUSE. 

The planting of the trees took place here, about a 
month after the filling up of the border ; but keeping 
them about six inches above the surface of the then 
ground level, in order that they might not be lower 
than the floor level of the house, when the soil had 
subsided. 

The next thing for consideration, is the selection of 
the trees for planting the houses with, which is a 
matter of no small importance, as many disappoint- 
ments often originate through trees being received 
from the Nurserymen under erroneous names; con- 
sequently, such errors cannot be detected before 
they have produced fruit; it is, therefore, more 
advisable to fruit the trees on the open walls, pre- 
viously to removing them to the Peach-House, when 
it can be conveniently done. 

In the selection of the trees here, a collection was 
procured from the Nursery, the Spring previously to 
their being planted in the houses, a number of 
which had been two, and some three years trained: 
immediately on their arrival, they were all put into 
large sized pots, and plunged in the ground against 
a (South wall, where they were trained during the 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



tner months, and kept well supplied with water 
y weather. 

The limiting the roots to a small portion of 
nourishment, at this stage, I conceive to be of infi- 
nite advantage for the future success of the trees, as 
it lessens their tendency to luxuriance, and causes 
them to produce kind-bearing wood, at once, with- 
out having recourse to that degree of lopping which 
would otherwise be necessary to procure a supply of 
shoots in young trees. There is another advantage 
in potting the trees, viz. that they may be removed, 
btt any season, without sustaining the least injury, 
mas their roots will, in a very short time, become 
matted round the edges of the pots; thus they can be 
turned out, and planted, without receiving the small- 
est check. The distances the Peach-Trees are 
planted at, should be regulated according to the 
length of the house, and proportion of trellising they 
are intended to fill : in low narrow bouses, they will 
require to be placed further asunder than in houses 
of larger dimensions. The dwarfs may be from nine 
to twelve feet apart ; but planting a rider betwixt 
every two such trees, which will furnish the top part 
of the wall or trellising. These standards, or riders, 
are generally cut away as the dwarfs advance, and 
furnish the lower part of the trellis; but this opera- 
tion should be dispensed with, at least until such 
timeas the trees have all produced fruit, and it can be 
ascertained whether that of the dwarfs, or riders, is 
of thebestquality : then, if the latter proves superior 
to the former, they should be cut away, and the 
lower branches of the rider trained in a pendulous 
2 X 



338 FOKCING DEPARTMENT. 

form, which will soon furnish the under part of tbe 
trellis, and form a handsome tree. I am inclined 
to think, that if this mode of training were more in 
general practice, with regard to riders, the spaces 
assigned for their extension could be kept better 
supplied with young bearing wood, and the tree 
possess a more regular equilibrium of branches than 
we frequently meet with in old trees, that are trained 
as dwarfs, in consequence of the space of wall, or 
trellis they have to extend over, and which gene- 
rally causes that part of the tree, next the stem, to 
be furnished with strong wood, that is necessary for 
the support of the smaller bearing shoots. 




PRUNING, &C. OF THE PEACH TBEE. 

The durability of the Peach and Nectarine, and, I 
may assert, every other stone-fruit-bearing tree, that 
is cultivated in this country, depends more on the 
system of pruning to which they are subjected, than 
to any other cause ; and when this operation is not 
performed with discrimination, the bad effects will 
soon shew themselves, and leave the greater part of 
the vrall, or trellis, furnished only with strong barreu 
wood, unfit for any thing but the fire : therefore, to 
keep a stock of trees in a healthy fruit-bearing state, 
the knife should be judiciously used in the pruning 
season. It may, however, be necessary to commence 
by stating, that, after the first year's pruning, the bud 
or graft of all trees that are intended to be trained, 
should be cut back to within a couple of eyes of tbe 
stock, which will cause strong laterals to be pro- 



i^ 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 330 

duced; and these, the second season, must be again 
shortened to the length of three or four inches, in 
order to induce a sufficient number of young shoots 
. to burst out, so that the tree may be regularly formed 
I at this stage of growth, and that no part of the wall, 
or trellis, may be left without a prospect of young 
shoots appearing from the centre, or such parts of 
the trees most contiguous to the vacant spaces; 
observing to keep the Summer shoots regularly laid 
in, and choosing such as are neither in a weak, nor 
in a loo vigorous state, except where a supply of 
wood is wanted, when the luxuriant ones may be 
left until the ensuing pruning season, when they 
should be shortened, to furnish a sufficient number 
of laterals, to fill up the blank spaces of the wall or 
trellis. 

The third year, the trees will not require to be so 
much cut in, and may be left from six to nine inches 
long, if they are of a strong growth, as we must now 
try to induce a supply of fruit-bearing wood ; and as 
the Peach Tree generally produces its fruit from the 
preceding year's shoots, much attention is required to 
keep the wall, or trellising, regularly furnished with 
bearing wood, and to replace the naked shoots that 
will have to be removed every year. 

The beauty of a well managed tree, is in its 
having the wall, or trellising, regularly covered with 
bearing wood, which can only be done by keeping a 
good supply of young shoots, and thinning out the old 
and unproductive ones,as soon as they appear naked. 
Those that are of last Summer's growth, and in a 
vigorous state, should be shortened, when there is a 
2x2 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



deficiency of wood, in order that they may produce 
a supply for the ensu ing year's crop ; but such as are 
intended for this purpose, are often too luxuriant for 
bearing fruit, in consequence of the shoot's being tou 
much cut in, which should, therefore, be left from 
eighteen inches to two feet long, according to their 
strength. If left above two feet, it is apt to leave 
the lower part of the branch naked and unsightly. 
It is, however, more advisable to cut rather tog long 
than too short, when the trees have a propensity 
to luxuriance ; and if any of the bottom eyes remain 
dormant, when wood is wanted, the shoot should be 
again shortened, which will cause the lower parts 
to push, and produce kinder wood than appears at 
the extremity of the branch. The shoots that are 
of a medium size, and full of flower buds, may be 
laid in at full length, from two to three inches apart, 
shortening only the leading ones; but always ob- 
serving to cut a little above a wood bud, otherwise 
the fruit will but seldom come to maturity, for the 
want of a leader to draw up the nourishment. The 
trees will require to be frequently examined in the 
Summer months, and divested of the supernumerary 
and fore-right shoots. The form that is generally 
adapted for training the Peach Tree, and other stone 
fruits, is the fan-form, which appears to me pre- 
ferable to any other ; but much nicety is required 
in giving an equal distribution of the leading or 
main branches, and to place them so as to be free 
from all bends, and that the younger shoots may be 
arranged, without having a confused or crowded 
appearance. 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



FORCING OF THE PEACH TREE. 

The season for commencing the forcing of the 
Peach-House, must be regulated according to the 
time ripe fruit is wanted at the table, with due re- 
spect to such a season as that the trees will sustain 
the least injury by it. 

When this fi-uit is wanted at a very early period, 
there should be a small compartment devoted solely 
to this purpose. In a narrow house, or pit, of limited 
dimensions, the fruit could be brought to maturity 
with a much less consumption of fuel or dung, 
than would be necessary for its preservation in a 
house of greater extent. The Peach Tree may be 
also successfully forced in pots ; and by placing 
them at different periods in the Pinery, or any other 
forcing department, they will come in at an early 
season. 

Where there is not an extensive range of the 
Peach-Houses to follow each other in rotation, the 
beginning of February is a very good time to com- 
mence forcing fur a general crop. The Peach- 
Houses here, were alt planted in the month of Oc- 
tober, with the trees grown on the premises, and in 
pots, as already noticed ; these, having formed hand- 
some heads of very fine bearing wood, required but 
little cutting or thinning out, and shewed a strong 
disposition for fruit. The house was got in readiness, 
and the fires lighted about the middle of January, 
when they were gradually excited into blossom, 
the temperature, however, being kept as low as 




940 M 

-^^^^ : 
'^^^ ' 

stteng*- rtof*6 
*»«».*! JId« 

want of a '^ , , 

adapted '» j^j„ 

''"'''•' anvotber, 

attangeO' 
appeatawe- 



342 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

possible until the fruit was all set, when it was 
raised to 60 degrees, with fire heat, and from 70 to 
80 degrees by the influence of the sun, always ad- 
mitting a large portion of air, which was very bene- 
ficial to the young shoots. The trees being kept 
well supplied with water, and free from insects, 
and the young shoots regularly tied to the trellising, 
a crop of high-flavoured fruit was ripened by the 
first week of July, a period of little more than eight 
months from the planting of the trees to the gather- 
ing of the fruit; when, if the same aged trees had 
been planted, without confining their roots, a period 
of, at least, from two to three years would hare 
elapsed before a crop of fruit would have been pro- 
duced, and then, very probably, not half the quan- 
tity that was brought to perfection here the first 
season. The trees haviug made, likewise, an abun- 
dant supply of bearing wood, they were pruned, and 
the house prepared by the middle of December, 
to commence forcing for a crop the second year. 
The fire was again set to work, on the 20th of 
December, daily admitting a large portion of air, and 
keeping the temperature in a low state, which 
brought the sap slowly into motion, and caused the 
buds to swell and ei^cpand stronger than if kept in a 
high state of excitement. In early forcing of every 
description, it is more advisable to begin with the 
lowest state of atmosphere that the weather will per- 
mit of, and gradually to advance, rather than to com- 
mence too high. Nicol offers a very judicious re- 
mark on this subject, " A word to the novice in 
forcing : — Be diffident, and drive too slow, rather 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 34S 

than too fast. Most Dew beginners, in this business, 
make haste to outdo, or eclipse their neighbours ; 
and drive on at a pace they cannot long keep up, 
bat founder their steed, and stop short by the way." 

During the first fortnight after the fires were 
lighted, the thermometer was kept, as near as 
possible, to 40 degrees, allowing an advance, 
during the day, by artificial heat, of from 8 to 
10 degrees. The fires at night should be regularly 
attended to, about 10 o'clock, in severe weather ; 
and if the state of the bouse appears to be rather 
low, a little fuel must be added, so that the ther- 
mometer may not indicate above 8 or 1 degrees of 
a fall the next morning. 

From the time the buds begin to swell, until they 
are folly expanded, one degree of advance may be 
allowed daily, till the thermometer is raised to 60 
degrees, which temperature the house should be 
regulated at while the fruit is setting ; it may after- 
wards be increased to 65 degrees, and allowing 
from lU to 15 degrees of an advance with sun 
heat, observe to give free admission of air, to pre- 
vent the shoots being drawn in a weak or languid 
state. The trees must be kept syringed every 
evening after the fruit is set, which will, in a great 
measure, keep the red spider within bounds ; but 
when the green fly makes its appearance, recourse 
must be had to fumigation. The mildew, which is 
generally very injurious to the tender foliage, must 
not be permitted to get a-head, but be suppressed, 
as soon as the least appears, by dusting, or rubbing 
the parts infected over with sulphur. As more fruit 



344 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

generally sets than would be prudent to leave on 
the trees, they must be gone frequently over, and 
thinoed, before they arrive at the period -ef 
stoning, only leaving a few more than what is iri- 
tended to be ultimately left for a crop, in case of 
any dropping off while in the act of stoning, which, 
when this is accomplished, may be displaced. The 
young wood being kept regularly thinned out, and a 
good supply laid in, for the ensuing year's crop, and 
the trees kept free from insects, they will require 
little more attention than a free supply of water and 
air, until the fruit be gathered, which will be abMi 
the third week in May. "*• 

Having thus mentioned the course of culture tNll 
was followed here towards the Peach-Tree, the'two 
years after planting, I will now proceed to make affe^ 
observations relative to their management the follow- 
ing seasons, which was pursued, in order to obtain 
ripe fruit early in May. The same treatment being 
applicable to all established trees, may be adopted 
with success, where Peaches are wanted for the 
table at an early period of the year; and, likewise, 
without the trees sustaining any injury by it. 

To begin, therefore, with the excitement of the 
trees. The Peach-House was closed up at night 
the 1st of December ; the pruning and re-tying to 
the trellising was then immediately commenced, as 
well as the syringing of the house, which was done 
in the morning, and a free admission of air given 
throughout the day ; the border being slightly forked 
over, watered, and every thing got in readiness by 
the 12th of December, when the fire was first 



L 






roSCISe DEPAKTIIKin'. 

lighted to tike hotla-. The tempcntofe of Ihe hMw 
waaiKnr kcfiC ap by %n heat far the reBUMicpHt 
of the Boath. betwixt 42 mnd 46 decrees, i 
JO degrees of an adTsacc doriog the day. 

By the 1st of Januaiy. the 8imrt4 
beginning to swell, wben the 
increased from 45 to 50 degrees in the i 
and not pennitted to exceed 60 degrees in the day, 
by the ioflneoce ai the sun : thus cndeavooriag fea 
keep the atmosphere of the bouse in a low v 
slate, with a new of streDgthening the I 
and enabling the organs of fruclificatioo to per^ma 
their fonctions of impregnation , without which the 
blossoms would prore abortiTe. 

About the middle of the month, the trees were in 
full bloom io every part of the boose, when the tem- 
perature was regulated betwixt 55 and 60 d^rees 
at night, but admittii^ a large portion of air at all 
favourable opportunities in the day. A free cii^ 
culation of this element is of infioite importance, 
in assisting the dispersion of the pollen to the female 
parts of the flowers. As soon as the blossom buds 
begin to expand, the syringing of the trees must be 
dispensed with; but the humidity of the house kept 
up, by pouring water in the moniiDg and evening on 
the pipes, and by occasionally spriokliug the borders 
and foot-path ; the exhalation that will arise from 
these resources will prove very beneficial to the 
settiog of the fruit. Wben the corolla, or petals, 
begin to drop, and the young fruit appears about the 
size of full grown peas, the syringe should be again 
resumed, but the water thrown, so as rather to 
2 r 




£ 



FORCFNO DEPARTMRNT. 



resemble a fine dew for the first few days, until the 
fruit is all finally beginning; to swell, when it may 
be given with considerable force, in order to clear 
the trees of the decayed blossoms, and, likewise, the 
suppression of the red spider, which will now be 
making its appearance ; and if not checked, while in 
an early stage, they will materially injure the tender 
foliage. These depredators, therefore, should be 
kept in subjection as long as possible, by the 
frequent application of the syringe or engine. It 
must, likewise, be observed, that the water applied at 
this season ought to have the chill taken off, and not 
be given in large quantities at a time, to sour and 
saturate the borders, which would prove injurious to 
the trees, and cause much of the tender fruit to 
drop. The trees should be syringed every evening, 
but taking care that the water be applied in various 
directions, so as to displace any of the insects that 
may be in embryo at the back of the leaf. If 
syringing, once a day, appears insufficient for sub- 
duing the red spider, a gentle sprinkling of sulphur 
over the hot pipes will have this desired effect. 

When the young fruit has attained the size of full 
grown peas, they should have a slight thinning ; but 
this must be cautiously performed at the present 
stage of growth, only displacing the weakest, and 
singling out such as have set two or three together, 
rather leaving a superabundance, the first going over, 
than thinning too freely, as many of the small fruit 
will be liable to fall off; consequently, this operation 
should rather be frequently performed, according to 
the swelling of the fruit, and, finally, when begin- 



uing to stone, as many of the sorts are subject to 
drop off at this stage of growth. As soon as the 
wood buds have pushed about an inch in length, the 
trees should be looked over, and all the superfluous 
and foreright shoots, cut or rubbed off, only leaving 
those that are in the best position for laying into the 
trellising, and most contiguous to the empty space 
or vacancies that may occur, by the removal of old 
wood at the pruning season. 

Some discrimination is necessary, at this time, 
for the selection of such shoots as are most likely to 
be of the kindest growth, for producing a crop the 
ensuing year. It is, also, more advisable to lay in a 
greater number than will be ultimately wanted, in 
order to give an opportunity of choosing and dis- 
tinguishing those that are most likely to produce a 
crop of fruit the foregoing year ; they should, how- 
ever, be thinned out before the fruit begins to stone, 
which will give a free admission of light and air to 
the remaining shoots, and add considerably to the 
nourishment of the fruit. Such trees as have a pro- 
pensity to make strong wood, may have a greater 
quantity of young shoots laid in, than those which 
show a disposition for fruit, which will lessen their 
stateof luxuriance, and bring them intoabearingstate. 
By the beginning of March, the weather, we may 
naturally suppose, will be much milder and more 
congenial to vegetation than was experienced through 
the two preceding months; consequently, the atmos- 
phere of the Peach-House may be again raised to 
65 degrees, with fire heat in the evenings, and 
'2 v2 





34B FOROINO WSPAWPIUBWT. 

allowing from 10 to 15 degrees of an advance, 
by the reflection aad effect of the sun through the 
day; but air should he always admitted, as eoou 
as the range of the thermometer is increased from 8 
to 10 degrees above the temperature that the house 
is regulated at by 6re heat ; this should be attended 
to particularly at an, early period of the forcing, to 
prevent either the flower, or wood buds, being forced 
out in a weak state. About the middle, and latter 
end of March, ihe Peaches will he stoning, when they 
should again be looked over, and thinned to regular 
distances, say from six to seven inches apart. If the 
tree is in a vigorous state of growth, a more abundant 
crop may be taken from it ; and when producing 
healthy shoots, the quantity of fruit should be pro- 
portioned accordingly. The use of the syringe, or 
engine, must be dnily applied, and the borders oc- 
casionally watered throughout the whole process of 
the forcing season. After the fruit is stoned, and 
beginning to take their second swelling, the tempe- 
rature of the house may then be incretised to 70 
degrees, by fire heat, and permitted to get as high 
as 90 or 95 degrees, with the sun heat ; but, in the 
latter case, there should be a free circulation of air 
admitted, which will prevent the trees from sustain- 
ing any injury by so high a temperature. In follow- 
ing the above mentioned treatment, I have been 
enabled to gather ripe Peaches on the 12th day of 
May, for the last two seasons, and the trees have 
retained their usual vigour ; and are, at present, 
(March,) covered with an excellent crop of fruit. 



FORoiNQ vE^ABnmnnrT. 



whftcfa, I expect, will be ripe earlier than they ^were 
mdI * the preceding seasoi^. For successi^ttial dvofi, 
theother compartments are excited rnrotation, allow* 
ing? from three to four weeks apart between i^ the 
eaciting of the diflRsrent divisions, which wiU Isieep 
ft' supply of this fruit from May, until it ripens cm* the 
cipenrwalls, . . ,: , -i. j ,,; 



wrt.: I- . 

Acton Scot. 
'> I'BtfrtdistDn. 
.^ . ; , 9tUe Cb«vreiite» 

Bourdine. 

I f ; I CkanoeUor. 1 

. Poob(e Montagne. 

Doable SwaUb. 
*'^ Eiaif AdaArMe. 
.,„JBMr Vineyard. 

Oalande. 
'^' '^drosse Mignonne. 
f : I ' fHemkirke. 

La^ Admirable. 

Madeleine de Courson. 
'* Mfhet^A Mignonne. 
,f .. > , fipoiMtroas Pane. 

Til. . 

n-'Aimnatki. 

Cfmunon Elnige. 
^*** Ihic dn Tellien. 
t(< AiHy Nftlfingtoft. 



P£ACHE8 CULTIVATBP. 



■■•»i 



Montaubon. 

NeipB Early Purple. 

Nobleaie. 

Old Newington. 

Purple Alberge. 

Red Magdalen. 

Roiiannaa 

Royal Chariotte. 

Royal Geoi^. 

Royal George Mlgnoane. 

Royal Kensiagton* 

Smith's Newington. 

Superb Royat 

T^n de Yeaa»« 

Vanguard. 

White Magdalen. 

Whit* Nutmeg. 






• ii : 



I II. v. 



• > . 



N£CTAUIN£S» 



Murrey. 
Neatf» WtttQ. . 
Ord's New. 
Red "Roman. 
Soarlet NewUigtoB* 
Viotott^Hitiv^i 



« 1 1 






t . 



CONSTRUCTION OF THE VINERY. 



The Vinery here forms a range of about 102 feet 
in length, which is divided into three divisions, cl 
39 feet, 35 feet, and '28 feet each ; the smallest being 
the central compartment, and intended for early 
forcing ; its being sheltered by the other two divi- 
sions, less fuel is required to heat it in severe we^ 
ther. The back wall of this range is about 10 feet 
high from the floor level to the top of the rafier. 
The front wall, which consists principally of pien 
that are carried up from the foundation at three feet 
six inches apart to the ground level where they an 
connected together by a flag-stone, about two inches 
thick, and extends from pier to pier, in order tiab 
the roots may not be too deeply buried in the border^ 
which is frequently the case when these arches att 
formed with brick-work. Above the ground-line, ot 
flag-stone, 15 inches of brick-work are carried up^- 
for the wall-plate or sill to rest on, that receives tb« 
front lights, which, together with the wall, leaves tb* 
front of the Vinery about three feet nine inches higft) 
above the ground level of the border. ir< 

There are, also, piers built in the interior, for dw 
support of the hot-water pipes, which are arranged 
parallel to the front wall, about 20 inches distance^ 
a space reserved for planting the Vities in, which ace 
placed close to the wall, and their roots extend 



FORCmo DEPARTMENT. 8M 

under the pipes, and also through the arches, to the ex- 
terior borders. The interior width of the house is 12 
feet in tiie clear ; a pit is formed in it, for forming a 
bed of leaves, or dung, to produce a moist heat, for the 
assistance of the breaking of the Vine-buds. These 
pits, when filled with fermenting substances, are 
very useful for the accelerating Strawberries, French 
Beans, Figs, or even the Pine Apple, any of which 
may be brought to perfection in this department 
without injuring the Grapes. The roof of this range 
is also constructed with cast-metal, copper, and 
wood, as illustrated in Plate 18. The rafters, wall- 
plates, and spouting, are all cast-metal. The frames 
of the lights are composed of wood, and the Astragals, 
or smalt bars, of copper, which combination of mate- 
rials forms a very durable, light, and elegant roof. 
The front sashes are all made to open outwards, 
which is done by means of a pivot, and fastened on 
the outside by a key, so as to prevent their being 
blown open by the wind, or without the latch-key. 
The lower tier of roof lights are all fixtures, and only 
every alternate sash in the upper range is made to 
run, in order to admit air. There ie, also, a ventila- 
tor placed under every alternate or fixed sash of the 
top tier, which communicates with the openings in 
the top of the wall, whereby a free currency of air 
may be admitted into the house in wet weather, 
without sliding down any of the sashes. In short, 
a free circulation of this element may be, at all times, 
admitted, by opening these ventilators, and the front 
lights, which, except in very sultry weather, will be 



k 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

sufficieDt to keep the temperature of the Yinery as 
low as it may be required. 

Each of the moveable lights is furnished with m 
chain and small wind^ which draws them up with the 
greatest facility. The trellising is of wrought-iuMi 
har, and consists of about one quarter of an inch m 
diameter, and is placed within nine inches of the 
glass at the front, or lower end of the rafter, wai 
about twelve inches from it at the top. 

Each division is supplied with a separate boiier, 
&c. which are fixed in a niche in the back-wall, aa 
indicated in Plate 17 ; and the pipes proceed acraas 
the ends of the houses, under the floor level, to dMl 
front, where they run parallel to the front wall, aai 
are connected with the reservoir, at the extremity df 
the house. 



ON THE CULTIVATION OF THE VINE, 

1. FORMATION OF THE BORDERS. 

In the preparation of the Vinery borders, much of 
our future success will depend. They should be, in 
the first place, rendered perfectly dry, and formed, 
so that no stagnant water will lodge on the sub-soiL 
In the formation of the Vine borders at Wobura, 
the ground was excavated to the depth of neaily 
four feet, and about 25 feet in width, allowing 
about two feet of a fall from back to front, in order 
that the wet might have a rapid descent into a drain 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 353 

runs at the extremity of the border, parallel 
to the houses. The bottom of, the drain is kept 
nearly eight inches lower than the floor of the bor- 
der; thus, with a few cross drains, which lead from 
the foundation of the Vineries, it prevents any water 
settling on the sub-stratum, which, being of a stiff 
blue clay, surely would be impervious. When the 
floor was properly drained and formed, about seven 
inches of brick-bats, and coarse lime rubbish, was 
laid for the foundation of the border materials, and 
over this was placed a layer of thick sods, with the 
grassy side downwards. The remaining space was 
then filled up with good hasel loam, rather of a sandy 
nature, which had been about three months from the 
common, and two or three times turned over, with 
the turf or sward chopped up amongst it. To this 
compost were added one-fourth of good decomposed 
stable dung, and one-fourth of decayed tree leaves, 
that were reduced to rough garden mould. These 
ingredients were well incorporated; and frequent 
sprinklings of lime rubbish, from an old building, was 
intermixed with them. The whole being put into 
the excavated space in a rough state, during the 
month of October, was left to decompose for a 
couple of months, when it was again turned over, for 
the purpose of exposing the decomposing matter to 
the action of the weather, and meliorate such parts 
as were in a crude state. When the borders were 
filled to their proper level, there was about three feet 
in depth of prepared soil for the roots to run in, 
under which, I believe, the Vine will but seldom 
penetrate in quest of nourishmeot, provided it has a 

22 



354 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

free scope for the roots to extend themselves in the 
width of the border, which should not be less than 
from 25 to 30 feet. It must be observed, that ad- 
vantage of dry weather should be always taken in 
filling up the borders, and that the soil may be put 
in when it is rather of a dry texture, and free from wet. 

2. PLANTING. 

It may be necessary to observe, that, when plant- 
ing Vines, particular care should be taken in 
keeping their roots as near to the surface of the 
border as possible, which may be done by raising 
the spaces intended for the plants eight or nine 
inches above the border level, as the decomposing 
substances are sure to subside, and often leave the 
roots too deeply buried in the ground, which is very 
pernicious to the future progress of the Vine, there- 
fore an allowance for settlement should always be 
kept in view when planting. 

Should the Vines that are intended for the houses, 
be grown in pots, and on the premises, they may be 
planted at any period of the year, only taking care 
not to injure the young fibres in turning them out, 
and carefully protecting them from frost or too much 
wet during the Winter season. The Vineries at 
Woburn, being built with the front wall on arches, 
the Vine stems are confined to the interior of the 
houses, and require no protection from the frost in 
Winter, as the glass is quite sufficient for this pur- 
pose. The greater part of the Vines were planted 
about the beginning of October ; and the space be- 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



he front wall and hot-water pipes, wliere the 
Vines are planted, had a covering of three inches of 
half decayed dung put over it, on the first symptoms 
of frost, to preserve the young fibres from any check, 
while in a dormant state. About the first of March, 
the dung was removed, and the space forked over, 
and from two to three inches of leaf-mould laid over 
the surface, which added considerable nourishment 
to the young roots that were now in a vegetating 
state. The exterior border, that had been laid up in 
ridges, in order to pulverize by the frost, was now 
levelled down ; and the remaining rafters, still unoc- 
cupied with Vines, were planted about the middle of 
March ; it woidd be diflScult to say, whether those 
planted in Autumn, or in Spring, are now the best 
plants. The former had certainly the superiority 
over the latter, in their first year's growth ; which 
would arise from the roots having got hold of the 
ground before the Winter set in, and not meeting 
with any check, until the sap was again in motion. 
The distance Vines are generally planted apart : 
the common rule is, to place one to every rafter, 
which will be more than sufficient for narrow houses, 
particularly for the growth of the Black Hamburgh, 
Syracuse, Black Damascus, the White Alicant, and 
several others of the large growing kinds, which re- 
quire a great length of rafter for their development. 
It is, however, more advisable, when planting 
Vineries, to put in a greater number of plants than 
are intended permanently to remain, in order to 
have some to choose from, in case any failures 
should n™"ir, or any of the sorts prove of an inferior 
2z 2 




386 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

quality when fruiting. We often see very fine 
crops of Grapes produced from a single Vine, that oc- 
cupies half a dozen, or more rafters ; but the prin- 
cipal objection in allowing such an extent to one 
Vine, will be the limited variety of Grapes that can 
be grown even in a large extent of glass, and when 
variety of fruit is an object of consideration ; the 
crop produced from Vines planted from two to three 
feet apart will be equally good, provided they have 
a sufficient length of rafter for extending themselves 
upon. Two of the most successful cultivators of the 
Vine that I have yet observed, are Mr. M'Arthur, late 
gardener to A. Baring, Esq., at the Grange ; and, 
also, Mr. Baily, late gardener to Earl Spencer, at 
Althorp ; in both instances, the Vines were planted 
from two to four feet apart. I believe the former 
were not above two feet, and the latter with a sin^e 
Vine confined to each rafter. I had the pleasure of 
seeing both Vineries within a few days of each other, 
and I should have some difficulty in deciding which 
bore the preference. In both cases, the houses are 
entirely constructed with metal roofs, &c. The 
length of the rafter in those at the Grange, is nearly 
20 feet, and in that at Althorp 23 feet 6 inches. 
Some attention should be paid to the planting of the 
Vines, in order that the early ripening sorts may be 
placed at the warmest end of the house, where the 
flues, or hot-water pipes, enter, which will bring 
these sorts in earlier, and lengthen the season of the 
fruit ; as, by having the late growing kinds placed at 
the coldest end of the house, they will be consider- 
ably longer in ripening their fruit, than those that 




FORCING DEPARTMENT. 367 

e of an earlier disposition, and in a warmer situa- 

1 should, likewise, be had to the ar- 
" ranging of the large or luxuriant growing kinds, 
which ought to be placed all next each other ; as, 
if they are planted promiscuously among the Fron- 
tignacs, and those of less robust habits, the larger 
sorts will deprive the latter of a great portion of 
their nourishment, and consequently lessen the size 
and quantity of the fruit. 



^[ 3. MANAGEMENT. 

Having made these cursory observations on the 
formation of the border, and the putting of the plants 
in their permanent stations, I will proceed with a 
few remarks on their subsequent treatment. The 
first Spring, before the buds begin to swell, or the 
sap flow, the Vines should be headed down to a cou- 
ple of eyes ; and that which appears to push the 
strongest, to be selected, and trained singly up the 
rafter ; the others to be displaced, as one shoot will 
be sufficient; but it must be kept carefully tied to 
the trellising, divested of the tendrils that may ap- 
pear, and the top of the shoot preserved from being 
broke or injured in any way, to deter its growth. 
Great care is also necessary, in keeping them reg;u- 
larly trained to the trellis as they advance, and 
guarding against the shoots being injured by too 
tight-tying, which is frequently the case, in conse- 
quence of the rapid swelling of the young wood ; 
therefore, the Vines should be often examined, and 




FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

sufficient room left in the ties to prevent them from 
injury. If the plants are kept well supplied with 
water in dry weather, and plenty of air admitted, to 
prevent their being drawn up in a weak state, they will 
make a vigorous growth, the first season, and many 
will, in all probability, reach the top of the rafters. 
If the shoots appear not perfectly ripened by the 
end of September, or beginning of October, a gentle 
fire heat should be applied during the nights, to for- 
ward the perfection of the wood, which may be con- 
tinued until the bottom leaves become of a yellow 
hue, and the lower part of the shoot, for the length 
of six or eight feet, be of a brownish colour, and feel 
ofatirm texture. As that length of Vine will be 
much more than is required to be left the ensuing 
year, when the wood appears to be thoroughly 
ripened, the fires should be dispensed with, as well 
as the quantity of water, which should be but 
sparingly given while the fibres are in a state of 
inactivity. About the middle of December, the 
borders had a covering of half decayed dung and 
leaves put on, so as lo prevent the frost from injuring 
any of the young fibres that had reached through 
the arches into the exterior border, which was again 
trenched over the following March, and the rotteu 
leaves intermixed with it; care being taken not to 
encroach on the fibres that had extended beyond the 
arches, rather leaving a space unturned, than inju- 
ring the roots. The great advantage derived in 
turning the borders, is rendering the soil loose and 
free for the roots to run in; but this must not be 
practised after the first year's growth, as the second 



season many of the leading roots will have extended 
over a considerable portion of the border, and should 
not meet with any check in their progress. 

In the month of January, the plants were all 
headed down again, leaving them from 6 to 12 inches 
long, according to the strength of the Vines. The 
pits in the interior of the houses were now filled with 
tree leaves, for the purpose of forcing Strawberries 
and Kidney-beans, which were placed on the fer- 
menting substances about the middle of February, 
when slight fires were commenced with, in order to 
promote the growth of these plants, and likewise to 
assist the starting of the Vine buds. By this artifi- 
cial heat, the eyes began to push vigorously, when 
they were again cut out, leaving only that which 
appeared the most prominent and best calculated for 
a leading sboof, as only one shoot was permitted to 
grow in those divisions that were intended for spur 
pruning. In the other divisions, three shoots were 
selected at the bottom of the trellis ; the centre one 
was conducted under the rafter, and allowed to run 
to the top of the house. The two side ones were, 
however, stopped, when they had pushed, the one 
about nine inches and the other two feet in length, 
in order to strengthen them for a supply of wood the 
ensuing year. Several of the strongest Vines shewed 
fruit the second year, which was all cut off, with the 
exception of a single bunch, merely to ascertain the 
quality of the fruit. The temperature of the house 
was kept in a low humid state during the two fir&t 
months, not letting the thermometer exceed 55 de- 
grees with fire heat, nor 70 from the influence of the 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

sun. But as the season advances, the weather will 
become more congenial to vegetation, and the atmos- 
phere of the Vinery may be allowed to get as high 
as 80 degrees in sunshine, admitting large portions 
of air before the mercury gets to 70 degrees, which 
will prevent the plants from being drawn in a weakly 
or languid state. As the shoots proceed in growth, 
they must be kept well syringed over the foliage, 
and the interior and exterior borders liberally sup- 
plied with water ; as the roots will have made con- 
siderable progress, they must be abundantly supplied 
with this element, which will greatly add to the 
health and vigour of the plant, the shoots being 
kept regularly tied to the trellis, as they advance in 
growth; but observing still to allow plenty of room 
for the swelling of the young wood iu the tying, 
which, otherwise, would materially injure the shoot. 
The laterals, or side-shoots, that proceed from the 
young wood, should be pinched off, and likewise the 
tendrils, as they appear ; the upper one may be left 
as a leader, in case of any accident happening to the 
leading shoot. Thus, keeping the Vines well sup- 
plied with light, heat, air, and water, and free from 
insects, many of them produced shoots, in their 
second year's growth, above 30 feet in length, and 2 
inches in circumference ; and having the advantage 
of a little artificial heat, in the Spring months, it 
promoted the maturity of the wood at an early 
period in Autumn, which may be easily ascertained 
by the falling of the leaves, and brown colour of the 
shoot. The operation of pruning was now performed 
in November, in order that the wounds might be 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

healed before the sap was again pat id motion ; the 
Vine is very subject to bleed at the wounds when in 
a vegetating state. As it was now intended that a 
crop of fruit should be obtained the third season, the 
shoots were laid in at a considerable length, from 8 
to 12 feet long, according to the strength of the 
BgllaDt, which is the best criterion to go by. The 
Bvines in the division that were not intended for spur 
pruning, were left of three different lengths, the lead- 
ing shoot from 8 to 10 feet, and the two side ones 
from 6 to 12 inches, leaving the weakest always the 
shortest, which will cause it to push with more 
vigour, and it being from the main or leading shoot 
that we are to expect a crop of frait from this next 
year. The lower or side shoots should be cut suffi- 
ciently back, to induce them to throw out a supply 
of strong wood for producing a crop of fruit, the 
foregoing season. Those intended for spur pruniug, 
and to be confined solely under the rafter, were 
kept to a single stem, and left about half the length 
of the rafter. The principal advantage, I conceive, 
derived by this form of training, is a greater portion 
of light and air, admitted into the house, lor the 
benefit of the articles that are forced in the pits 
under the Vines. I also consider, that Vines, whose 
side shoots are shortened back to a single eye of the 
last year's growth, will break with more regularity 
at an early period of the season, than those that are 
left at a considerable length. It frequently happcni 
with loDg shoots, that there is only a few buds at 
the extremity which push, consequently the lower 
part remains naked and unproductive ; this ofUra 



862 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

occurs in early forcing. The third year, the first 
Vinery here was got in readiness in December, by 
having the interior pits filled with leaves, which pro- 
duce a beneficial heat, and steam for the breaking 
of the buds, when in a fermenting state. About the 
first of January, fire was commenced, but the tempe- 
rature kept about 50 degrees during the first eight 
days, and plenty of air daily admitted, to prevent 
the atmosphere rising above 60 degrees in the day ; 
the Vines were syringed every evening, and laid in a 
horizontal position, in order to induce the luxuriant 
shoots to burst freely, which, by keeping the house 
in a humid state by frequent syringing, and steaming 
from the water thrown morning and evening on the 
hot-water pipes, the buds soon began to swell, and to 
push regularly from tiie top to the bottom of the Vine, 
when the shoots were replaced under the rafter, as 
before. The temperature of the bouse was kept 
about GO degrees mitil the buds had all expanded, 
when it was gradually increased to 65 degrees, and 
regulated to this heat every evening, until the buds 
were all fully developed, allowing about 12 degrees 
of an advance, with sun-heat, in the middle of the 
day. The temperature was now daily raised a degree, 
in order to have the atmosphere of the Vinery about 
70 degrees, by the time the bunches were be- 
ginning to expand into flower, at which period a 
close moist heat was kept up, and the thermometer 
regulated, as near as possible to 73 degrees in the 
evenings, and from 80 degrees to 85 degrees in the 
day. The humidity of the house was sustained by 
pouring water on the pipes and footpaths every 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



morning and evening, which |)rotluced a steam in the 
Vinery, highly beneficial to the setting of the young 
fruit. The syringe, or engine, niust be discontinued 
as soon as any of the bunches appear in bloom, and 
not again resumed until the fruit is set, when it 
should be applied with considerable force every 
evening, in order to keep the red spider in sub- 
jection, which will be making its appearance. The 
borders should, also, be now more abundantly sup- 
plied with water, and water thrown over the pipes 
and footpaths morning and evening. The Vine 
being a gross feeder, imbibes a greater degree of 
nourishment than most other plants ; the roots were 
plentifully supplied with the water which had drained 
from the dung pits, and had been collected in a 
large reservoir, which affords a sufficient supply for 
the trees and plants throughout the Summer months. 
I must, however, observe, that none of the fruit, or 
foliage, is ever syringed with any thing but pure 
water, and this, when applied at an early season, 
has always the cold air taken off it, so as to be 
nearly of the same temperature with the house. As 
the fermenting substances in the pits will produce a 
considerable vapour, a free circulation of air should 
be daily admitted by letting down tlie ventilators in 
the back wall a few inches, and opening the front 
sashes; a small proportion of air, particularly in cold 
weather, will be quite sufficient whilst the Vines are 
ID bloom, as this fruit sets much better in a high 
moist atmosphere than it does in a low dry one ; 
but as soon as they are done flowering, large portions 
of air should be given, to invigorate the growth of the 
3 a2 



f??SferNG DEPARTMENT. 



young shoots, as it is from these that we must, at 
this period, make our selection^ for producing a crop 
the ensuing year ; therefore, the shoot that appeara 
to be the most vigorous should be chosen, and kept 
regularly tied to the trellising, and divested of the 
tendrils. The one, at the extremity, may be left, in 
case of accident occurring to the top of the leading 
shoot, which should be carefully preserved, if possi- 
ble, as no subsequent leader it will form will be 
equal to the first. The side shoots which have shown 
fruit, were gone over, and also divested of tendrils, 
and stopped at the first joint above the bunch, 
which operation is performed by pinching off the 
young shoot. In short, the greater part of the Sum- 
mer pruning of the Vines may be effected without 
using the knife ; in a similar manner, they will re- 
quire to be frequently examined, and divested of all 
superfluous shoots and laterals that are not requisite 
for the nourishment of the fruit, and for providing a 
supply for the succeeding year's crop, which, at this 
time, should be chosen, and laid in so as to keep the 
trellis furnished with young bearing wood, but with- 
out creating too much confusion amongst the shoots, 
or shade to the Grapes. When the berries have at- 
tained the size of small peas, tbey should be gone 
over, and thinned out ; but this operation must be 
performed with some nicety, with a pair of sharp- 
pointed scissors; all the deformed and smallest ber- 
ries ought to be cut out, and such as appear crowded 
towards the centre of the bunch, so as to leave the 
remaining ones free from each other, and to allow 
room for their swelling, and that a free circulaliou 



per 



De I 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 30fi 

air may pass among the berries, which will, in a 
great measure, prevent their getting mouldy, or rot- 
ting in cloudy damp weather. The thinning, how- 
ever, must not be done all at one time ; the bunches 
should also be examined two or three times before 
the fruit is beginning to colour, and those berries 
that appear too close together, removed, so as to 
allow room for the remaining ones to hang quite free 
and detached. Care should also be taken not to 
prick any of the berries that are intended to be left 
in the bunches with the point of the scissors. The 

■ge growing kinds should have their shoulders sus- 

mded to the trellis bymattiag; which will keep 
them free from the lower part of the bunch, and 
admit of more air to the berries, which is so essen- 
tial for their swelling to perfection. Those shoots 
that were stopped at the joint above the fruit, will 
be throwing out laterals ; these may be permitted to 

iw a few joints, and then pinched back to the 
irst, and kept shortened so as to prevent their 
depriving the fruit, or young wood destined for next 
year's crop, of any portion of their nourishment. 
When the Grapes begin to shew the least symptoms 
of changing their colour, the steaming and watering 
of the house is abandoned, as, likewise^ the supply 
to the roots ; which, if liberally applied during 
their previous growth, the borders will be sufficiently 
moist to sustain. But if the border within the house, 
where the Vines are planted, appears dry, which 
will very Ukeiy be occasioned by the hot-water pipes 
that run close by that space, it must be watered, yet 
sparingly, as too much moisture, when the fruit is 



FORCITIG DEPARTMENT. 



also, as are not of too gross a substance ; for the 
more luxuriant growing ones are generally very 
pithy, and, consequently, far less suitable than those 
of a less vigorous nature and compact wood. 

Shoots that appear of a moderate size, and beset 
with bold prominent buds, are the most proper for 
selection ; they should be chosen when the Vines are 
pruned from the kinds that are most approved, and 
the ends inserted in mould, and kept in a dry airy 
situation, until February, or the beginning of March, 
when they should be placed in a hot-bed, previously 
prepared for their reception. 

In the preparing of the cuttings, leave but as little 
of the old wood attached to the eye as possible, 
paring it away close to the bud, on both sides; 
observing not to encroach on the eye, and that it 
may not be above an inch in length, (including the 
bud,) when completed. The underside of the shoot 
maybe also reduced, which will leave still less of 
the old wood, whilst the plants will succeed equally 
well, and ultimately root much better, than if left of 
a greater length. 

The practice of propagating Vines from long shoots 
containing several eyes, is now but seldom adopted, 
as those that are raised with the smallest portion of 
the mother plant attached to them are uniformly 
found to succeed the best. When the eyes or cut- 
tings are all prepared, they should be inserted in 
pots, filled with leaf-mould and sandy loam ; four or 
five cuttings will be quite sufficient to put in one 
pot, as, if crowded, tbeir roots will become entangled, 
and will be more Liable to be injured in the re- 



POBCrVG DBPAKTMEirr. 



tting. They should have oeaHy half sd inch of 
the soil put over them as a coTeriog, and be placed 
at re^lar distances arouad the edges of the pots, 
which will enable each to be removed, when nece*- 
sary, with a little ball of earth attached to its roots. 
As soon as they are potted, a spriniciiog of water 
should be given, to settle the soil about them, and the 
pots then pluoged in the hot-bed previously made 
for their reception. 

The temperature of the frame may be regulated at 
from 55 to 60 degrees; but fresh air should be 
admitted daily in great abundance, particularly 
when the buds begin to swell, which will prevent 
the young shoots from being drawn up in a weak or 
languid state. The atmosphere of the bed will 
require to be kept up by external linings of firesh 
dung, until the nights begin to get warm; and the 

F>uid, in the pots, kept in a moderate state of mois- 
re by occasional watering. 
When the plants have advanced in growth from 8 
to 10 inches, they shouM be removed into single 
pots, with great care, test the tender shoots, or 
young roots be injured in the operation. When 
re-potted, they must be re-plunged in the hot- 
bed, and frequently supplied with water and 
liquid manure, which will greatly invigorate their 
growth, and induce them to make good roots be- 
fore Wioter, at which season they will require to 
be carefully protected from frost as well as from too 
much wet. The plants thus raised, will be ready to 
plant out with advantage the ensuing Spring, where 
they may be intended to perfect their fruit. Those 
3b 



PORCINO DBPARTHfiNT. 



that are wished to be kept as a reserve stock, should 
be headed down to a couple of eyes, and re- potted in 
larger sized pots, until required for planting out; 
but if they are not wanted before the plants are 
above two or three years old, it will be more 
advisable to throw them away, and propagate young 
ones instead. As plants of one or two years' growth 
generally succeed better than those of a more 
advanced age, I have frequently planted them out 
from the cutting pot in the middle of Summer, the 
same season they were raised ; and have invariably 
found such as I have turned out, at this stage of 
growth, to surpass those that I have reserved until 
the ensuing Spring. 

The increasing of the Vine, by grafting, is acme* 
times advantageously adopted, where there are old 
established plants in the house, whose fruit is of an 
inferior quality ; or when it appears desirable to 
grow several kinds of Grapes on the same Vine. 
The size of the fruit, of the small and delicate 
growing kinds, is also often much improved by 
being ingrafted on stocks of a more robust nature. 
The Black Hamburgh, Black Damascus, Syrian, 
and White Nice, are very suitable subjects for form- 
ing a conjunction with the Frontignacs, Muscats, 
While Muscadine, Sweet-Water, and other small 
growing sorts. 

The best season for performing the operation is. 
when the Vines are in a dormant state, and two or 
three weeks previous to their being excited into 
vegetation. Those shoots that are of a moderate 
size and firm texture should likewise be chosen, and 



"yea 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 571 

le operatioD performed with great nicety. Tbe 
clay that surrounds the graft should be enreloped in 
moss, and that kept in a moist state by occasional 
■watering with the syringe, until the union is fully 
Accomplished. 

' The propagation of the Vine, by layers, which 
was the most general practice formerly, is now but 
seldom resorted to, in consequence of plants raised 
this way being found much inferior to those raised 

»m eyes, or buds. This method, therefore, of late 
'years, has become very justly abandoned ; as plants, 
raised by layers, although very strong and shewy 
the first season, generally produce long jointed 
wood, are less prolific, and later in coming into a 
bearing state, and seldom make such good roots for 
their support, as those increased by eyes, or seeds. 

The raising of Vines from seed is the only way 
of obtaining new varieties, which may still be in- 
creased to a much greater extent, and the quality 
of many of the kinds of fruit much improved, by 
being impregnated with the pollen from other ap- 
proved sorts. This may be effected by placing the 
shoots of two or three of such kinds as generally 
burst into flower about the same time, in such a 
position as to allow of their bunches being brought 
in contact with each other when they are in bloom. 
The farina of the different varieties becoming thus 
intermixed, we may naturally expect from the re- 
sult an improved variety of fruit. When the berries 
appear to be fully formed, the shoots should be again 
removed to their former position, and the bunches 
carefully thinned and tied up, so as that the fruit 
3 B 2 



372 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

may have the full benefit of the sun for its malurity. 
It should be permitted to hang on the Vine until 
perfectly ripened, and tlie seed appear of a dark 
brown colour, when it should be separated from the 
pulp or berry, dried in an airy place, and carefully 
preserved until the return of the growing seasoD. 
From the middle of February, to the beginning of 
March, we may consider the most congenial season 
for sowing such seeds. About the latter end of 
February, a few large pans, from five to six inches 
in depth, should be filled with sandy loam and leaf- 
mould, and the seeds deposited in them, from three 
to four inches apart, and then placed in a hot-bed, 
of a moderate temperature, which will greatly facili- 
tate the vegetation of the seed. As soon as the 
plants appear to have advanced four or five inches 
in growth, they will require to be placed singly into 
pots about five or six inches in diameter, and again 
plunged into the hot-bed, and carefully supplied 
with water and a free admission of air. Much care 
should be taken not to injure their tender roots, in 
removing them from the seed pans, but to preserve 
as much of the soil around the small fibres as possi- 
ble. When the plants have filled their pots with 
fresh roots, they should be again shifted into others 
of a larger size, and treated in every other respect 
as was specified for cuttings, only observing not 
to plant out any of the sorts in the houses, until 
their fruit has been ascertained and approved of. 




FORCING DEPARTMEVT. 



MANAGEMENT OF THE FIG TREE. 



The Fig tree, being a natiTe of & ' 
requires to be protected in this i 
Winter frosts, for tbe piesemtiaB of tke TOBag frait 
and branches. Wben planted oat of doors, the riHOte 
should be either eDveloped in hay or straw bood^ v 
thatched over with broom or fir brandies ; aad thas 
many of the sorts will bno« their frait to a high afede 
of perfection, when planted against a Sosth waD. 

But when ripe Figs are wanted at table at aa emrbf 
period of the year, it is necessary to accelerate tkeai 
by artificial heat, either in oneof the Forcing-Hoiues, 
or in a separate compartment by tbeoiielre*. 

Plate 19 will illustrate the end, elevattoo. aad kc- 
tioD of the in^-House, at Wobam Abbey ; wbkfa 
structure is also adapted for producing a (rop of 
Grapes, that may be either excited at the saiue date 
as the Fig tree, or separately. As tbe front lights, 
and wall plates of this house, are so coostrocted as 
to admit the Vines being taken out of doors, and ex- 
posed to the external atmosphere, until it may be 
wished to accelerate them, the Vines are planted 
on the outside of the front wall, and introduced close 
under the sill, which is formed into separate lengths, 
for the convenieDce of being removed, in order to 
give facility for the Vines being taken out and into 
the house at pleasure, when one Vine is confined to 
each rafter, where they produce an excellent crop of 
Grapes, without injuring the Ftgs. Along the cen- 
tre of the house is a pit four feet deep, by eight feet 



8T4 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

wide, for the formation of a bed of leaves, or any 
other fermenting substances that will produce a mild 
bottom heat, wherein the plants are plunged, and 
from which their roots will make a rapid progress, 
and derive much nourishment. 

It will be necessary to have a large stock of plants 
of such kinds as are best adapted for early forcing, 
for many of the sorts are liable to cast their first crop 
when accelerated by artificial heat. It is, however, 
considered by some Horticulturists, that cutting 
off a portion of the roots round the ball of earth, will 
prevent the Fig tree from losing its fruit ; this 
mode of treatment I have frequently resorted to, but 
could never observe any beneficial effects arising 
from it, in practice, as many of the sorts will drop 
their fruit when excited at an early period, treat them 
as you will. As soon as the violent heating of the 
bed has subsided, the pots should be plunged to the 
rims, and regularly supplied with water at the roots, 
as well as frequently syringed overhead. The tem- 
perature of the house may be commenced with at 50 
degrees, and gradually increased to 75 degrees by 
the time the fruit is swelling off, which, if excited 
early in January, will be beginning to swell and 
ripen early in April, when a succession may be 
continued to the latter end of the season, from the 
same plants, by keeping them regularly supplied with 
heat and moisture. Many of the sorts will succeed 
well, if potted in large pots, and kept at the tempe- 
rature of the Pine Stove, and placed in pans of 
water, where they will have a regular supply of 
moisture at their rooU. There is a Fig tree in the 



FORCU^G DEPAJtTMCKT. 



Woburn Garden, that wis pca^osd oa£ in. x cssrusr if 
the Pine-Hoose, aboGt three Tears asa. woica 'laa 
annually prodoced, and broc^ni:! ^ periecmia, line 
succeasire crops, aad s at tks case C0v«^ via ki 
abundant shew of healdiT F^s^. T!Le §cil 'nor -ixe^ 
appear to grow and &)cnsh i^ best, as a nfmre :f 
sandy loam and leaf-mocLd^ Liiemiixid 
fourth of good rotten do&z- 



LIST or riG* ccltitati-S- 



BbckG 

Bbck Iscka. Xiyin 

HKkltdbik 

BrovaTkricj. 

B 



Mriti. 



blNR DEPARltMENT. 



CONS^UCTION OF THE PINERYI 



The annexed Ground Plan, Elevations, 
Section, (Plate 20.) will illustrate the principle 
upon which the Pine-House is; erected. It is ex- 
ecuted from the designs of W, Atkinson, Esq. 
This house is 65 feet long, and 13 feet wide, 
in the clear ; and is divided into two divisions. 
The sashes and rafters are wood, and fixtures ; conse- 
quently air is admitted by the ventilators D. D., that 
are placed in the top of the back wall, and along 
the centre of the front wall, which, together with 
opening the doors, will adroit a sufficiency of air in 
the Summer season, for the Pine Apple. The house 
is heated by hot water, with separate boilers and pipes 
to each division; the boilers A. A. are placed in are- 
cess about the centre of the back wall, the di mensions 
of which aretwofeetsix incheslong,onefootsix inches 
wide, and one foot eight inches deep, of an oblong 
square. There are two pipes B. B. (see Section,) 
attached to each boiler, one near the top, and the 
other at the bottom ; the upper pipe is round, until 
it reaches the front of the house, when it forms a 
square of 12 inches broad by four inches in dia- 
meter; the lower pipe is circular, and four inches in 
diameter. These pipes convey the water from the 
boilers across the ends, and along the front of the 
house to the reservoirsD.D., (see Ground Plan,) which 
are of the same dimensions as the boilers, and are 



I 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 877 

6116(1 with water, flowing from the boiler, as the 
pipes, reservoirs, and boilers, are placed all on the 
same level, and filled about equally, within half an 
inch of the top, so as to allow room for circulating 
the heat regularly from one end of the house to the 
other, 

► When the fires are lighted under the boilers, the 
water, as soon as it begins to get hot, immediately 
ascends to the top of the boiler, and flows along the 
upper pipe, to the reservoirs, when it forces the cold 

^ before it in the under pipe back into the bottom of 
the boiler. The circulation of water is continued 
from one extremity of the house to the other; the 
hottest passing rapidly along the upper pipe, and 
the coldest returning through the lower one, back 
into the boiler, which will soon heat the pipes so as 
to raise the atmosphere of the house, in the severest 
weather, from 75 to 80 degrees, and that when we 
have bad 28 degrees of frost. These houses, or com- 
partments, are capable of containing 70 fruiting Pine 
plants each ; the atmosphere of the house may be 
kept regularly from 60 to 65 degrees, in the severest 
weather, without consuming more than three-fourths 
of a bushel of coals to each division ; or a bushel and 
a half to the two compartments. The fermenting 
leaves in the pits also assist in keeping up this tem- 
perature. The pipes, boilers, and reservoirs in each, 
contain about 140 gallons of water; when the fires 
are first lighted to the Pinery, the furnaces, &c. being 
then cold and damp, it takes about an hour to heat 
the water to 130 degrees ; but when it is once heated, 
after the first night, it may be raised to the same 
3 c 



87* FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

temperature in 20 minutes ; a8> from the volume 
contained in the apparatus, it will retain its heat 
for nearly 24 hours, consequently the water is about 
milk*warm when the fires are lighted in the after^ 
noons. In the Winter of 1829, which was the 
severest season in this part of the country within 
my remembrance, the self-registering thermometers 
indicated 28 degrees of frost, two different nights 
that season ; which afforded ample means of ascer* 
taining the power of the hot-water ; and as both 
divisions of the Pinery were then at work, the fires 
were made up both nights, at five o'clock in the even* 
ing ; one of the compartments was regulated at eight 
o'clock, at 70 degrees, and the other at 60 degrees ; 
the dampers were then shut close, so as to confine 
the heat around the boilers, and prevent it from es* 
caping out jof the chimney, but no fresh fuel was 
added after five in the evening; the next morn^ 
ing, at eight o'clock, the division that was left at 
70 degrees the previous night, had lost 10 degrees; 
and the other, that was regulated at 60 degrees, 
only 6 degrees during the night. This lapse 
of 16 hours, without any fresh fuel being added, 
and that when we had 28 degrees of frost, is 
a sufficient proof that the hot-water has adequate 
power to answer all horticultural purposes in the 
most inclement season, when the apparatus is pro* 
perly constructed, and is of a sufficient magnitude 
for giving out caloric, according to the size or area 
of the house which it is intended to heat. The fur- 
naces are attended from the shed behind E., in 
which is also placed cisterns B.B.,for supplying the 
houses with water. 



tTHE CULTIVATION OF THE PINE APPLE PLANT. 



The crowns and suckers being the first formatioQ 
of the Pine Apple Plant, I will begin by stating the 
course of culture which I have followed with them, 
through the different stages of their growth, in order 
to bring the plants to the best degree of strength, for 
producing good-fiized fruit. As soon as the fruit is 
cut, the greater portion of the old leaves is cleared 
away, close to the stem of the old plants, in order to 
admit the sun and air for the perfecting of the 
suckers, which are permitted to grow until there are 
a sufficiency of crowns and suckers collected for 
filling a two or three-light pit. In June, or July, 
according as the fruit has been cut, a bed of well- 
tempered dung or leaves is prepared, and the largest 
of the suckers taken off, and potted into pots of 
from four to five inches diameter, which are filled 
with leaf-mould, well incorporated with sandy loam. 
Before the suckers are potted, they are left in a 
warm situation for a few days to dry, and some of 
the lower leaves divested from the part that is to be 
inserted into the soil : those that appear perfectly 
ripened, and are of a firm texture, and of a brownish 
colour at the bottom, and separate easily from the 
mother plant, are immediately potted, and suc- 
ceed as well as those laid up to dry. When the 
crowns are returned, they are likewise dried previous 
to planting, and a few of the leaves are removed 
from their base. When the bed appears to be of a 
3c2 




k 



MO FORCrVG DEPARTMENT. 

mild and congenial temperature, about six inches 
of leaf-mould are spread over its surface, and the pots 
are plunged therein along the back of the pit; the 
crowns, and smalt suckers, are planted in the leaf- 
mould, on the surface of the bed, towards the front 
of the pit, observing always to keep the largest at 
the back, and placing them at such distances apart 
as the size of the suckers and crowns will admit, but 
so as not to be too crowded. After they are all 
arranged, a syringing with soft water is freely given, 
in order to settle the leaf-mould, and clear the plants 
from any dust which they have collected. The 
atmosphere of the pit is now kept from 80 to 100 
degrees, and neither air nor water given, until they 
begin to emit fresh roots, when these elements are 
gradually increased, and freely administered as the 
plants expand in the herb. While they are striking 
root, the pits are covered daily a few hours with 
thin or old bass mats, which lessen the effects of the 
mid-day sun. The moisture arising from the bed 
and external dung linings, will afford considerable 
nourishment to the plants whilst rooting; but they 
are afterwards copiously syringed over head, and 
liquid manure supplied to the roots, which invigo- 
rates their growth ; and the temperature of the pit is 
kept up to nearly 80 degrees during the night, and 
from 95 to 100 degrees in the middle of the day, 
when sunshine excites the plants into a rapid grow- 
ing state. About the first week of September the 
supplies of water are begun to be decreased, as well 
as the temperature of the pit. The nights at this 
time getting rather cold and damp, it is more advi- 



, iL IS luuic aurt- 




Mlble Id 

somewfaat in | 

ftHxe the fhat 1 

By tbe latter ead of : 

iOctober, tbe pbati wiO kne I 

r^Dod roots, wbes they a 

pots : as tbcne Ast vcR 

the bed wiU also hxic n 

largest are now potted with as aaek mt tfe ki^ 

mould as remains attached to tben* notB, aad Ae 

remainder ttf the pots filled up with the eoMpMiiiB 

previoasly prepared for tbe Pioe. Thoie emmwm 

and stickers diat are now potted, are all patii^ Ae 

soccessioa department, in order to i 

die crowns and suckers that stiQ w 

which are pat id the □urstng bed, aloog i 

still remaining in tbe leaf-moakl, and m 

grow there till the middle of >larcfa. Evoy f 

tioD is taken, at this time, not to injvrethe ' 

roots, in potting, or with too macb botton he9l,a^ if 

hurt at this late period of the seasoB, they wiO aot 

push out fresh ones freely before the letars of 

Spring. The pits are now covered at night witk 

bass mats, and tbe thermometer kept aa aear to ' 

65 degrees as po««ible, and from 70 to 75 deficca m 

n tbe day, with the influence of tiie sun. As the 

% season advances, tbe proponitm of water i* -^m 

nished, and the syringing over head dispensed with 

about the latter end of October. In the fint or j 

second week in November, or as soon as a ■ 

quantity of fresh Oak-tree leaves can be procured, 

the plants, in the succession department, are re* j 




FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



moved, and all tbe old and exhausted leaves thi 
out of the pit, when the fresh ones are now substi- 
tuted, well trod, and raised so that the plants can 
merely stand on the surface of the bed, without the 
lights breaking or injuring their leaves when put on. 
The pots must not be plunged at this time, as the 
violent heating of the new leaves would materially 
injure the roots ; and if hurt at this period, it will 
prove very injurious to the plants, as they will be in 
a great measure destitute of roots to support them, 
until the return of the growing season, when 
will push out fresh ones. 

A considerable saving of materials and laboui 
gained by putting in and forming the bed in the pit 
with the new leaves, as soon as they fall from the 
trees, which prevents them from being scattered 
about the ground through the Winter, and their sub- 
stances partially exhausted before they are formed 
into a bed for the reception of the plants ; and, 
consequently, their heating qualities not lost, 
by being collected in a large body, and allowed 
to ferment out of doors, as is the general practice. 
But when they are made up into a bed, while in a 
recent state, the heat arising from them, during the 
severest parts of the season when they are ferment- 
ing, will considerably increztse the temperature 
within the pits, and render requisite a less con- 
sumption of dung for linings, than would otherwifie 
be called for to keep up the atmosphere for the pre- 
servation of the plants. The crowns and suckers 
rooting in the nursing bed, are to be duly attended 
to, by giving air, by frequent turning and adding 



u^^l 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



fresh dung and leaves to the linings, in order to 
keep up the thermometer during the nights to about 
65 degrees, at which temperature the succession pit 
is regulated, as near as possible, throughout the 
Winter; although, in very severe weather, the ther- 
mometer often fallsunder fJO degrees. During the day, 
the influence of the sun will have but very little 
power in raising the internal atmosphere of the bed ; 
but, notwithstanding, a portion of fresh air is daily 
admitted, often merely for a few minutes, in order 
that it may displace the foul or stagnant air that 
may have collected from the fermenting substances. 
The plants will require scarcely any water during 
the three Winter months; they should, however, 
be looked over occasionally ; and any that appear in a 
dry slate, should have a little water given ; but the 
cold or frosty temperature must be taken off previ- 
ously to the watering of the plants. About the middle 
of March, there is a general shifting of the plants, 
and renewing of the beds in the pits ; but before this 
operation is commenced, a quantity of the prepared 
soil is got in readiness, and frequently turned in an 
open shed to dry, and, likewise, a quantity of bones 
is broken to small pieces, for the purpose of putting 
into the bottom of the pots for drainage, which are 
placed about one inch thick for the small plants, and 
about two inches for the large or fruiting sized ones. 
The young roots seem to derive much nourishment 
from the broken bones, and are found entwined 
round them to a greater extent than round any other 
substance used for carrying oft" the superfluous mois- 
ture. When the pots and these materials are all got 



FORCING DKPARTMENT. 




in readiness, the selection of a fine day is taken for 
the removal of the plants, which are carefully tied 
up, as they are taken out of the pits, with strings of 
matting, to prevent their leaves being broke or 
bruised in the shifting. The plantsare now shook clean 
out of the mould in which they were previously potted, 
and, the decayed Foots being cut clean away, re- 
potted into similar sized pots. This clearing away the 
exhausted mould and decayed roots, will materi- 
ally invigorate the growth of the plants; although 
giving them a partial check in the first instaace, 
they will afterwards make a more rapid progress 
than if the old roots and soil had not been removed. 
While the operation of potting is proceeding with, 
the leaves in the pits, whose heat has. by this time, 
considerably subsided, as also the height of the bed, 
are turned over, and a supply of fresh leaves added, 
but kept towards the bottom of the pit, and the 
fermented ones turned to the top, for the plants to 
be plunged amongst. According as the potting is 
proceeded with, the largest of the plants are se- 
lected, and arranged towards the back of the pit. 
keeping still the lowest and smallest for the front: 
the pots are now plunged to the rims in the bed. 
Those crowns and suckers that have been growing 
in the nursing pit through the Winter, are taken 
and potted, and placed in the succession pit with 
the others. It may be necessary to observe, that, in 
potting, the mould should not be pressed very bard 
about the plants, particularly if it is in a damp state, 
as it would subject the soil to become too hard and 
binding for the free emission of the young roots. 



It: young roou. j 



FORCING DRPARTHENT. BBS 

ItWhen the plants are all potted, and re-plunged, 
the pit is kept close shut up until they begia to 
make fresh roots, which will be in the course of 

tlO or 12 days, at this season, if there is a good heat 
ID the bed ; the lights may be opened for a few 
minutes, about twice a week, to let any stagnant air 
pass off that has collected. The plants are also 
ihaded from the mid-day sun whilst rooting, and no 
water given until they are established in the mould, 
which will be sufficiently moist at this season for 
them to throw out roots in, and it is more advisable 
to give rather too little than too much when the 
plants are in a dormant state, and not lit to absorb 
it. When the plants have thrown out a few roots, 
a little water is given, and also a small portion of 
air; and according as they proceed in growth, and 
the season advances, these elements are gradually 
increased, and frequent syringings over the leaves 
are bad recourse to, as well as occasional waterings 
with liquid manure at the roots. The temperature 

I~-lji the pit is increased to 70 degrees during the 
Mights, and allowed to vary from 80 to 90 degrees 
Lin sunshine. The dung linings are regularly at- 
Ltended to, and fresh dung added, to keep up the heat 
ilo the above degree in the bed. By the middle of 
June, these plants will have made a rapid progress, 
and have filled their pots with roots ; and require 
now to be shifted into larger sized ones ; but very 
carefully, least the leaves, or roots, in the re-potting, 
be broken or injured. The bed is likewise turned 
irer, so as to renew the heat, which is kept very 
derate at this season. The Pine appears to grow 
3d 



FORCUTG DEPARTMENT. 



and flourish most luxuriantly when the bottom heat 
is regulated to about milk-warm temperature, or 
little more. When the pots have been ali again 
plunged to the rims in the bed of leaves, the pits are 
shaded for a few days from the violence of the mid- 
day sun ; and when the plitnts have begun to throw 
out fresh roots in the new soil, they are kept well 
supplied with liquid manure, and more frequently 
watered over the leaves, particularly in hot sultry 
weather. 

The season is, in general, getting warm and 
favourable for vegetation, by the months of May or 
June ; the atmosphere of the pits will, in all proba- 
bility, be kept during the nights, from the effects of the 
external dung linings, above 70 degrees, without hav- 
ing recourse to the covering of bass-matts ; these may, 
therefore, at this period, be dispensed with, due atten- 
tion being paid, however, to the state of thewealher, 
and the internal atmosphere of the bed. The thermo- 
meter, during the day, in hot sunshme, often varies 
from 90 to lOO degrees, and upwards; but when 
the mercury exceeds the latter point, large admis- 
sions of air must be given, and the plants kept in a 
humid state, by syringing over their leaves in the 
morning and evening, which will induce an exhala- 
tion to arise from the surface of the bed of fermenting 
substances, that is very conducive to the health and 
vigour of the plants. If didy supplied thus wiih 
regular proportions of heat, water, and air. the Pines 
will have made a rapid progress in their growth, and 
many of them will be in a sufficient state of strength 
by October, fur producing good fruit the ensuing 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



»B7 



-ieason. The Antigua, Jamaica Sugar-loaf, Provi- 
i^lence, and several otber of the large growing kinds, 
;as well as the late planted crowns and suckers of 
the Queen's, will, however, require the cultivation of 
another season, to bring the plants to that degree of 
strength, which is requisite for the production of 
good sized fruit. These are, therefore, selected; end 
such as appear to have out-grown their pots, are 
shifted into others, a size larger, and re-plunged in 
the succession pits, which should be turned over while 
the operation of re-potting is proceeding with; so 
,t the plants may be all again arranged in the 
the same day they are taken out of it. It is, 
however, necessary to observe, that a very mild bot- 
tom heat only should be continued at this late period 
of the Summer ; as, if the roots be now injured, they 
will not freely produce fresh ones before the return 
of the growing season. 

In October, as the nights are generally becoming 
lid and damp, the pits will require to have their 
coverings resumed, and the temperature gradually 
reduced to about 65 degrees, moraiugs and evenings. 
The syringing over the leaves is also dispensed with 
at this season, and less supplies of water given to the 
roots, as the evaporation, arising from the bed of fer- 
menting substances and dung linings, will keep the 
herb in a state of moisture during the Winter months. 
About the first or second week in November, or as 
soon as a sufficient quantity of fresh tree leaves can 
be procured, those that have been in use the past 
season, and which will now be much exhausted by 
the constant damp they are subject to, proceeding 
3d2 



^ the 
Hiiat 



ot 




JM FO&CUiG DHPA&TMEinr. 

from the. dung liaings; these will require to be 
cleared out of the pts, and tiuxe^that were jceoently 
coBertcd sobstitiited in thf^ [daoe. Ab sooa 9s the 
beat faegiiis to rise amongst the fresh leaves, they 
dwold be tnmed over, and trod as compact! j toge- 
ther as pQsable, and the sai&ce levelled for. the 
pfamts to stand apon» observinj^ that the pots musfc 
not be pfau^ed at this period, otherwise the violcnit 
heating of the new leaves will materially injure the 
roots^ and be very prejudicial to the plants during the 
Winter season, while they are in a dormant state. 
The Pines should be placed on the surface of the 
bed, at such distances as the size of plants will ad- 
mit of; they may be pretty closely packed together 
at this period, but should not be too crowded. 
When the plants are all arranged, the same tempe- 
rature and culture, as was recommended through the 
preceding season, is applicable to the ensuing year's 
treatment. The plants should be again disrooted 
about the middle or latter end of March, and a 
similar course of culture adapted through the Som* 
mer months, which will bring them to a sufl^ient 
d^pree of forwardness and strength, to be placed in 
their fruiting sized pots by the middle of September. 
It is^ however, very desirable to have a succession 
of fruit in the latter end of the season, as well as in 
the early part ; therefore, to provide for this, at the 
Spring shifting, a number of the strongest of the 
plants are selected from the pits, and shifted into 
larger sized pots than they have been previously 
growing in, and any decayed roots that may appear 
are cut clean away ; the young fibres are carefully 



^-Aja. 

FOKOiKc Department. 



I 



singled out, and a few of the bottom leaves stripped 
off, so as to encourage fresh roots from that part of 
the stem : the upper surface of the ball of mould is 
also reduced; and the plants, thus prepared, are 
carefully re-potted into fresh soil, and again placed in 
the succession pits, and are kept in a moist growing 
heat until July, when they are removed into the 
fruiting department, in the room of those whose fruit 
has been previously cut. They are now kept well 
supplied with heat and water, and generally perfect 
their fruit at the latter end of the season. 



liANAOEMENT OF THE FRUITING PINE PLANTS. 

' Those Pine plants that are intended for the prin- 
cipal crop the ensuing year, are generally shifted in 
the latter end of September or beginning of Octobefj 
into such sized pots as the size and strength of the 
plant may require ; these pots vary from 12 to 14 
inches in diameter, and about the same dimensions 
in depth. About two inches of broken bones are 
put in the bottom of the pots for drainage, and 
then the Pines are carefully transferred into the 
larger sized ones, with their balls of earth entire, 
which should not be reduced at this shifting; but 
the interstices betwixt them and the side of the 
pots, are filled up with the fresh soil, which had 
been previously prepared. Wliil.st the shifting of 
the plants is proceeding with, the bed of leaves is 



890 FORCING DEPARTMENT.. 

turned over to about half its depth, and got in 
readiness for the reception of the plants, which 
are again plunged in this bed, that still retains a 
moderate heat, very beneficial to the roots, as faci- 
litating their striking into the fresh loam. As 
one of the fruiting compartments here is always oc- 
cupied at this season by the late fruit, the plants 
intended for it are again placed in the succes- 
sion pit, until November; but those brought into 
the fruiting house in October are kept in a humid 
state, by pouring water on the paths and hot- 
water pipes, &c. and the temperature is regulated 
at 65 degrees, mornings and evenings ; and from 75 
to 80 through the day, by the influence of the sun. 
The supplies of water to the roots must now be pro- 
portionably decreased, according to the state of the 
external atmosphere. 

About the beginning of November, when the Oak- 
tree leaves can be procured in abundance, the plants 
are again taken out of the beds, and the pits cleared of 
all the decayed leaves, and re-filled with fresh ones ; 
those from the Oak-tree are, unquestionably, the 
best for this purpose, and will retain their heat, 
when kept free from too much damp, for upwards of 
two years, by having a few fresh ones intermixed 
with them. In the Fruiting Pineries here, there u, 
at present, a quantity of these leaves, which has 
been in use for three seasons. In filling the pits in 
the Pineries, the old and recent leaves should be 
well mixed and turned together, and the bed trod as 
firmly as they will admit, and raised as high as will 
merely allow the plants to stand on its surface 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. Ml 

out their foliage being broke or injured with the 
glass. The pots must not be plunged at this time, 
but only set on the top of the bed, before Spring, 
when the violent heating will have subsided. 
They should be arranged from 20 to 24 inches apart, 
observing to place always the tallest plants at the 
back of the pit, and the lower ones next to the 
front. 

During the Winter months, the temperature in the 
house is regulated from 65 to 70 degrees by fire 
heat, and allowed to vary from 75 to 80 degrees with 
sun heat, but admitting a free circulation of fresh 
air at alt favourable opportunities, although it be 
only for a very short time, in severe frosty weather. 

The plants will require little or no water from 
November to February, while they are in an inactive 
state; yet they should be occasionally examined; 
and such as appear to be getting dry, have a little 
aired water supplied to their roots. 

By the month of February, the heat and bed will 
both have subsided ; the pots are, therefore, at this 
period, placed level, and the spaces betwixt them filled 
up with fresh leaves, when the bed will retain its heat 
sufficient for the maturity of the fruit. A few of the 
lower leaves are stripped off the plants in February, 
and the pots re-surfaced with fresh soil, as an in- 
ducement for the production of young roots from 
that part of the stem whence the leaves were di- 
vested, which will greatly nourish and accelerate 
the growth and maturity of the fruit. Should any 
of the plants appear loose, or in too small pots, they 
should be shifted into others at this time, la 



RCINO DEPARTMENT. 

! cases, it is necessary to form a kind of bason 
mand the edges of the pot. by placing a piece of 
thin turf, and filling it up by fresh soil, but leaving 
a sufficient space for holding water, so that it may not 
run over the surface of the mould without penetrating 
to the roots of the plants. 

As many of the plants will be shewing fruit in 
February, the atmosphere of the house is increased 
to 70 degrees by fire heat, and from SO to 85 d^p-ees 
with sun beat ; the Pines are now occasionally 
syringed over their leaves as the season advances ; 
and water that has been well impregnated with 
pigeon and deer dung is applied to their roots; 
bat duly observing that the chill is taken off the 
w«icr used. 

The hot-water pipes, and footpaths, are frequently 
sprinkled with this element, which creates an exha- 
lation that is very beneficial to the vegetating fruit. 
As the season ad%-ance$ in warmth, the thermometer 
is gradually increased, until it will stand about 75 
degrees in the evenings, by fire beat, and from HO to 
90 degrees in tbe day by ibe influence of the sun. 

By tbe m<»ith of May, the fruit will be swelling 
apace, and should be supported by sticks placed in 
the pots, to which the crowns and stems of the fruit 
are to be tied. The plants, at this season, are bona- 
tifullv supplied with liquid manure at the roots, and 
frequently syringed over their foliage, as they have 
now to suppon [heir suckers, as well as fruit ; conse- 
quently, thev require a greater portion of nourid^ 
ment, and alwa>'s appear to tlourish more luxuriantly 
when growu in a bumtd atmosphere than if kept in 





FORCING DEPARTMENT. SW 

a dry heat. A moist heat is very beneficial for the 
suppression of insects, and, at the same time, con- 
genial to the health and vigour of the plants. About 
the middle of this month, the weather will, in all 
probability, be sufficiently warm for dispensing with 
the fires in this department. As many of the 
sorts, particularly the Queen's, will throw up more 
suckers than should be allowed to remain, espe- 
cially when larger sized fruit is the principal 
object in view, all should be destroyed, except 
two or three of the most promising ones, for 
a succession of young plants. During the months 
of June and July, much of the fruit will be fast 
approaching to a state of maturity, and will re- 
quire to be bountifully supplied with water in 
its stage of swelling ; but this element must 
be supplied according to the state of the plants, 
and as they appear to absorb it. In hot sultry 
weather they will require more than in dull cloudy 
seasons. Air must be freely admitted throughout 
the greater part of the day, and the thermometer 
may be allowed to vary from 90 to 100 or llO 
degrees by the influence of the sun ; but when it 
ranges with the latter point, a large admission of air 
should be in circulation through the house. As soon 
as the fruit begins to assume a difi^erent colour, 
it is an indication of its being nearly ripe ; the 
quantity of water should now be gradually reduced ; 
and should be entirely dispensed with before it 
is quite ripe, which will enhance its 0avour. The 
flavour is often, however, much deteriorated by 
being too long cut before using. Nicol very 

3 E 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



justly observes, " that if Pines are not cut before tl 
are fully coloured, that is, just when the fruit is of a 
greenish yellow, or straw colour, they fall off greatly 
in flavour and richness; and that sharp luscious 
taste, so much admired, becomes insipid." This 
fruit is frequently retarded for a considerable time, 
by the removing of the plants to a cool airy situation, 
just as the Pines begin to colour, whereby they 
will retain their flavour longer than if separated 
from the plants ; but this should only be resorted to 
when it is necessary to prolong their ripening for 
any particular occasion. As the Pines are cut from 
the mother plant, the greater portion of the old leaves 
should be cleared away from the stems, to allow a 
free circulation of air and sun to the suckers, which 
will considerably promote their maturity : these 
may be left attached to the stem, until the greater 
portion of the first crop or succession of fruit is cut, 
when it will be necessary to remove the stools, in 
order to make room for those plants in the succession 
pits that are intended for a supply of fruit in 
Autumn. 

When all the old stools are cleared out of this 
department, and such fruit as is still remaining 
unripe removed, the bed of leaves will require to be 
turned over previous to plunging the plants in it, 
which will then maintain a sutflcient heat for the 
maturity of the fruit. The plants thus removed, 
and such as are in a forward state, should be 
selected and repluaged at one end of the Pinery, 
where their places may, as their fruit is cut, be 
readily got at to place succeeding plants in. The tern- 



perature of the house must now be continued from 
70 to 75 degrees in the evenings, and from 80 to 
90 degrees in the day. When the thermometer falls 
under 70 degrees during the night, recourse should 
be had to a little fire heat, to increase the atmosphere 
to the degree required, which will promote the swell- 
I ing and maturity of the fruit. The plants should, 
I also, be regularly supplied with liquid manure at the ^ 
roots, and a humid congenial heat be kept up in the 
bouse, by which means good sized fruit will be pro- 
duced for the table during the months of November 
and December, when it is frequently in great requi- 
sition ; especially as there is a scarcity of other 
fruits at this season. They are, however, considered 
inferior in fiavour to those that have the full 
benefit of the Midsummer sun. Some kinds, such 
as the Blood-Red, St. Vincent, Enville's, &c. are 
more appropriate for late forcing than some other 
kinds. The Queen Pine seldom swells its fruit well 
in the Winter months, and requires a high degree of 
temperature to bring it to perfection. This Pine, as 
well as most of the other varieties, may be brought 
to maturity without the aid of fire heat; but the tem- 
perature of the compartments in which it is grown 
must be kept to the degree of heat necessary, by the 
application of strong dung linings round the exterior of 
the structures. This mode of heating is frequently 
attended with more trouble and expense than fire 
heat, especially when there is a scarcity of dung, &c. 
for this purpose. 

Tbe Pine plants that are grown in a moist dung 
leat, are not so subject to be attacked by insects, as 
3 £ 2 



386 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



PINE PIT. 

The accompaDying Plate, No. 21, represents the 
Ground Plan, Elevation, and Cross Section, through 
the boiler of a Pine Pit. This structure is heated 
with hot-water, and also by external dung linings, 
whereby a moist or dry heat can be kept up at plea- 
sure, as the state of the plants may reqtiire it 
This pit is about 70 feet long, and divided into two 
divisions, and heated by one boiler^ whereby either 
Figs or Grape Vines in pots, may be accelerated in 
one of the compartments, when not^ wanted fi)r 
Pines. The Pines which shew their fruit at a late 
period of the year, are generally matured in this 
Pine pit, as, being of small dimensions, less fuel is 
requisite for keeping up the temperature in the 
Winter months. There is^ also, a lining of dung 
and leaves applied around the walls, and the com- 
bination of a dry and moist heat prevents the plants 
from being scorched with fire heat, when the pit is 
kept at a high degree of temperature. The linings 
also throw a heat into the bed of leaves in which 
the Pines are plunged, and continue a regular 
bottom heat in the pit, until the fruit is ripened 
off, which renders it unnecessary to remove or 
disturb the plants for the renewing of the bed, as 
the warmth produced from the effects of the external 
linings will be quite sufficient for the maturity of 
the fruit. 



I 



I I 

I 



• 1 



/ 



=5 



SuccTession pine pit. 



I 



The annexed Plate, No. 22, is a representation of 
the Ground Plan and Sections of the succession 
Pine Pit, which was erected from the designs of 
W. Atkinson, Esq., who has the merit of being the 
first that constructed pits on this principle of double 
walls, with a cavity between them, of four-inch 
brick work. 

The back and ends are built in the honeycomb 
manner, and have an inner four-inch wall carried up 
from the floor level, to within two feet of the top; 
betwixt these walls there is a vacuum left from the 
bottom, which is covered over at the top with a thin 
slate, with apertures in it for the admission of steam, 
that is communicated from the dung linings through 
the pigeon hole work, in the back wall. The aper- 
tures in the slates are furnished with small plugs, 
whereby the steam can be excluded when in a 
rancid state, and admitted at pleasure. These 
walls are connected together by 14-inch piers, that 
are built up at four feet apart, which strengthens 
the back wall of the pit, and is a support for the 
rafters, which come over the centre of each. The 
top of the cavity being covered over, forms a very 
useful shelf for placing pots of strawberries on, or 
any other dwarf-growing plant, which it may seem 
desirable to accelerate by artificial heat. The front 
wall is, also, of a hollow, with 14-inch brick piers ; 




400 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

the inner one is carried up to within a foot of the lewl 
for the wall plate, and a cavity of four inches left 
betwixt the two, which is left open at top. The 
centre of the external wall between the piers, is formed 
into pannels, with thin tiles placed on the edge, 
(and set in cement,) in order that the heat prodaced 
from the dung linings may penetrate rapidly through 
them into the vacuity, when it ascends and warmi 
the atmosphere of the pit with dry heated air, free 
from all the obnoxious effluvia that arises from dang 
when applied in a recent state. This cavity is a 
very advantageous contrivance, as it prevents, also, 
much of the moisture, accruing from the ferment- 
ing materials, getting into the pit; a too great degree 
of which is often very injurious to the plants in the 
Winter season, particularly if the atmosphere of the 
pit is not kept in a warm and congenial state. This 
is often a matter of some difficulty, from the suddea 
changes of the weather, especially in large establish- 
ments, where there is a large supply of accelerated 
vegetables required, and various other articles, 
whose growth is promoted by dung heat ; which 
renders the consumption of this material of no small 
importance. The pit is about 70 feet long, C feet 
9 inches in the clear inside measure from the two 
interior walls ; the back wall is eight feet high ; the 
front five feet ; the entire pit is sunk three feet under 
the ground level, and is surrounded by an external 
dung pit, where the linings are applied, of about two 
and a half feet wide. The exterior wall of this pit 
consists of nine-inch brick work, which is carried up 
to the ground level, and there coped with a three 




FOBCIWG DEPARTMENT. 



inch thick plank of Oak, and about J 2 inches wide, 
which preserves the brick work from being injured 
by the removal or wheeling in the dung. The raf- 
ters, wall plates, and sashes of the roof of this 
building, are all composed of wood, and it is fur- 
nished with a water gutter in front, which is a most 
essential requisite for carrying off the roof water, 
and preventing its falling on and chilling the dung. 
The length of the pit is divided into four compart- 
ments, so as to suit the different sizes or kinds of 
Pine plants, which it may be considered necessary 
to keep separate. It is well adapted for the 
growth of the Pine in its early stage of growth ; 
and if supplied with a hot-water pipe, would 
answer every purpose that could be desired for 
bringing what is justly called " the king offntlts" 
to perfection, and in as good a state as it can be 
brought to, in what is generally termed the fruiting 
house. The pipes might, also, be constructed so as 
to heat only one or more divisions at a time, or the 
whole, as might be found necessary, by placing a 
small reservoir at the extremity of each compart- 
ment, where the water might be stopped with 
valves, and let on at pleasure, which is a very 
simple and efficacious mode of applying the heat to 
the different departments. The black Antigua's, 
Jamaica's, Providence's, and such as are rather im- 

E could thus be kept in one division. 



3 F 



FORC^ING DEPARTMBNI. 



Bm^^ 



EARLY FORCING PIT. 

-The accompanying Grdund Plan ^w^d Sectkn^-' 

No. 23, represent the construction of the Early Fore- 
ipg Pit, which is well adapted for growing early 
Mtlons, Cucumbefs^ and young Pine pl^ts. This pit 
is also the invention of Mr. Atkinson, and was erected 
fropi his designs ; ^t differs only from the succession 
Pipe pithy its having no double wall or cavity at the 
back, and being of jess dimensions in width . The back 
wall consists of fodr-inch brick work, with brick on 
the edge; at everyfour feet distance, nine-inch piers 
are carried up, to strengthen it, and for a support to 
thi rafters, which ^re placed over the centre of each 
pier. The middle! of the wall between the piers is 
<^peit-briek worki-^nilar to the exterior wall of the 
pit; last described; as well as the ends. The front 
consists of a doul^Ie wall, with a cavity between 
thCm, which is lel)t open at top. The exteriorwall 
i|&-Also formed with pannels of one inch and a half 
thKk tiles in the centre, 'v^hich arc placed on the 
edge, and bedded hi cement. The heat of the dung, 
applied to these thin tiles, readily penetrates througli 
th^, and ascends rapidly up the cavity when there 
h fiothing to obstruct its passage, and thus warfou 
tb* atmosphere of the pit 

ipcr every practicable purpose of early forcil^, 
consider this far preferable'to any other that I have 
yet 8etsu-heated With dung jliniugs ; there being only 



warpu J 
I have 1 



J 




K 




-I 

rr 




J^.^l'LiJ.UllLiiy 



-^v* 





m r r T r 
rr r r r r 

rr r r r r r 
rr rr r r 

rrr r r r 

r rr T r r r 

m T r T 

^ f r T T f T 




FORCING DEPARTMENT. 403 

a four-inch wall at the back, the heat of the dung, ap- 
plied outside, is readily communicated to the bed in 
which the plants are growing, which keeps a regular 
bottom heat at their roots. When the rancidity of 
the dung linings has evaporated, a few holes may be 
made by a round piece of wood, sharpened at the 
end, so as to pass more freely through the bed of 
leaves, or other materials, close to the back wall, 
which will supply the atmosphere of the pit with a 
moist heat, when it may appear desirable. This 
pit is also surrounded by a dung pit two feet wide, 
and sunk about three feet under the ground level, 
as will be seen by the Sections. 



3 F 2 



FOKCINO DEPSftf 



-LATER FORCINp PIT. 



The jjrefixed Plate, No. 24, {s illustrative of the 
principle and construction of the pit intended for forc- 
ing MeJons, Cucumbers^ Sec. aX a more advanced 
period of the year, when k greater degree of moisture 
is esseptial to the well-being of the plants than is 
necessajry at an early period. This pit is construct- 
ed with< four-inch brick work all round, and vi^ith nine 
inch p^s, at four feet apart, in' order to strengthen 
the walls. The walls also along the centre, together 
with tlie back, front, aa^ end walls, to the depth of 
two feet, are honey-coffibed, similar to the back of 
the two last mentioned pits, wpich will be seen by 
the annexed Section. i 

This! pit is also well adapted for the growth of 
young 'Pine plants in the Suminer months; Uie < 
terior walls being honey-combed all round, admit 
rather imore moisture in the Winter season, than 
those which are furnished with a cavity in front ; 
but in 'other respects they arei equally serviceable. 
This pit is six feet six inches wiije, seven feet deep at 
the back, and five feet deep in front ; and is divided 
at every three or four sashes in breadth into compart- 
ments, to suit tlie~difFerent succession of Melons, 
1 Cucumbers, Sic, and to keep the various kiiids in 
se p a FB te d t v w i a a s.' — ' 



i 






Jill 



I 




f! 




2333333 
993333 

3330333 
JJ3a3B_3^ 

■aaanV 

333333 

h.. ^ 




I 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



CULTURE OF THE MELON. 



The Melon and Cucumber plants, bearing a 
strong analogy to each other in their growth, re- 
quire but little variation in their general treatment. 
The former being of a less robust nature, it is with 
more difficulty that a stock of healthy plants can be 
procured in the gloomy Winter months ; frequent 
sowings are consequently made at various periods 
in January and February, in order to secure a stock 
of plants, which should be raised in a seed bed 
previously prepared for the Cucumber. When 
the plants have attained the height of two to three 
inches, with their seed leaves almost fully developed, 
they should be pricked out into pots about four 
inches diameter, placing three in each, as some 
of them will be liable to damp off; but when 
the season is more advanced, two plants in a pot 
will be sufficient. When the first or second rough 
leaf bursts forth, the plants should be stopped at the 
first or second joint, which will be the means of 
strengthening them, and induce lateral branches to 
push out from the centre of the plant. While they 
are nursing in the seed bed, the department in 
which they are intended to produce their fruit 
. must be got in readiness, aod prepared according to 
the directions specified for the Cucumber beds; and 
when the burning heat has subsided, the mould may 
be spread over the surface of the bed, and frequently 



FOBCIN6 DEPARTMENT. 



turned for a few days, so as thai every part may be- 
come dry, and get into a warm congenial state for 
the reception of the plants. The soil that appears 
best adapted for the growth of the Melon, is the top 
spit (with the sward intermixed with it) of a pas- 
ture, that consists of rather a strong yellow loani; 
a few months previously prepared, well chopped 
and turned two or three times before it is used. 

When the soil in the frames is thoroughly warmi 
through, and collected into hills under each light, 
the plants may be put in, turning them carefully out 
of their pots, and keeping them as close to the glass, 
in the first instance, as they will admit, as the fer- 
menting substance will soon subside ; and if not 
well prepared and trodden, it would leave the plants 
at too great a distance from the glass. After plant- 
ing, a little aired water is given, to settle the soil 
about the roots. The lights must be now well 
covered during the nights, and the temperature in 
the frames not permitted to fall below 66 degrees with 
artificial heat, and from 80 to 85 degrees with sun 
heat ; but when air can be freely admitted, the 
temperature may be increased 8 or 10 degrees. 
The exterior linings of dung must be well attended 
to, so as not to let the heat get too much exhausted 
before they are renewed with additional dung. A 
little fresh air should be given at all favourable 
opportunities, and the interior of the frame kept in 
a sweet and healthy state, otherwise the plants will 
make but little progress. 

When their Vines begin to extend themselves, 
they must be kept pegged dowu to the surface, aud 



am, 

leo 



I 



I 

I 



TOHCIWG DFPARTMBNT. -407 

little fresh soil added progressively to the hilU, 
before the eDtire bed is moulded over to the depth 
of a foot or fourteen inches, which will be of sufB- 
cient thickness for the oourishment of the Melon 
plant. It is necessary, also, to be careful in water- 
ing the Melon ; as if much is given close to its 
stems, it will be subject to canker and rot off 
before the crop of fruit is ripened ; therefore the 
water should rather be applied to the extremities of 
the roots than to the centre. Care should likewise 
betaken not to injure or break the foliage, and to 
avoid wetting the incipient fruit and blossoms as much 
as possible. In short, while the fruit is setting, water 
should be almost suspended. At an early period of 
the year the impregnation should be assisted, as will 
be directed for the Cucuvibcr. The Melon, being a 
plant rather impatient of much lopping, the Vines 
should be spread out thinly at the first ar- 
ranging of the shoots, and the knife but sparingly 
used until the first crop is ripened ofi^, only thinning 
out the weaker and unproductive Vines. But as 
soon as the fruit is gathered, it should have a 
thorough pruning, cutting away all the weak and 
unhealthy shoots, and shortening back those that 
are to remain to the most promising joints, which 
will push out strongly, and may produce as good or 
even a better second crop than the first. The heat 
of the beds will require to be kept up, by the ex- 
terior linings of dung, until Midsummer, when, 
if the weather is at all favourable, the effects 
of the sun will keep the internal atmosphere 
of the beds sufficiently high, and the linings may 



406 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

be dispensed with. For succession crops, there 
must be additional beds prepared monthly, until 
the middle of June, when the last planting may 
be made for the latest crop of Melons ; the beds 
that are prepared in the latter months^ will not re- 
quire to be so strongly built as those which were 
made up at an earlier period of the year. 



VARIETIES CULTIVATED. 

Early Cantaloup. Silver Rock. 

Netted Ditto. Romana. 

Orange Ditto. Smooth icarlet-fleabed. 

Black Rock. Green-fleshed. 

Dutch Ditto. George the Fourth. 

Scarlet Ditto. Valencia. 



I 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



MANAGEMENT OF THE CUCUMBER 
PLANT- 

The cultivation of the Cucumber, at an early 
period of the year, is attended with considerable risk 
and difficulty, especially when grown on dung beds, 
as the steam and moisture, arising from the dung, are 
very liable to damp and injure the tender plants; 
particularly when the weather continues, for any 
length of time, in such an unfavourable state as to 
prevent a free circulation of air being admitted into 
the frame. 

When this fruit is wanted at an early period, the 
seed should be sown the latter end of November, or 
beginning of December. 

Previous to sowing it there should be a one or two 
light box or pit prepared, in thickness of not less 
than four to five feet of well concocted dung, or 
leaves and dung mixed ; these ingredients should be 
two or three times turned together previous to usiug, 
and allowed to ferment for about three weeks before 
it is made up into a bed, which will then become 
sweetened, and will retain the heat much longer than 
if made up in a recent state. When the bed is com- 
posed to the depth above specitied, the lights should 
be kept close shut up two or three days, to assist in 
drawing up the heat, which will soon arise, when 
plenty of air must be admitted, to allow the rank 
3g 




^ 



419 FOKCIHG DBPASTMENT. 

effloria ffDm the bed to pas away. As sooo as 
the TioleDt heat has sabmled, the bed may be 
moulded orer to the depth of three or four inches, 
and the seeds sown in pots firom foar to five inches 
diameter, and plonged in the mould about half way 
to the rims. In the course of a few days, after the 
seeds are sown, the cotykdims of the plants will 
begin to make their appearance; and when theseare 
folly expanded, and the plants about two inches 
li%fa, it will be time to remove them into other pots, 
by placing three plants in each, and giving a gentle 
watering, with water of the temperature of the bed, 
to settle the sml about the roots. 

Much care and attenticm are required at this criti- 
cal season, to prerent the plants firom damping off; 
and the linings round the beds will require frequent 
turnings and additicms of heah dung, to prevent the 
heat from declining, which would, otherwise, soon 
become not of a sufficient warmth for the plants. 
The fruiting bed should also be got m readiness, and 
made according to the directions above-mentioned 
at this wintry period of the year. It is very desirable 
to have a strong body of the fermenting materials 
together, for the purpose of keeping up a good heat 
throughout the severest months ; but as the season 
gets advanced, the beds may be prepared of less 
thickness than that specified. When the first, or 
second rough leaf makes its appearance on the seed- 
ling plant, it will be time to begin to prepare and 
mould the beds upon which they are destined to 
produce their fruit. The soil should be collected 
under each light to the depth of 12 inches, and 



FORCING DBPARTHBNT. 411 

formed into round hills ; tlie top of wtiich should be 
kept, at the first formation, pretty near the glass, as 
they will be sure to subside. The mould in which 
the Cucumber will grow freely and produce fruit, is 
one-half of maiden loam, one-fourth leaf mould, 
and one-fourth of decomposed good stable dung, 
which ingredients should be well iucorporaled 
together previous to using, and spread over the surface 
of the bed for a few days, before gathered into hills 
for the reception of the plants. As soon as the 
mould is in a warm and congenial state, the plants 
may be removed from the seed bed and committed 
to their final situation, placing three plants in each 
hill ; they should likewise have a little water to settle 
the soil about their tender fibres, which should be 
given of the same temperature with the atmosphere 
of the frame, as water, at this season, without the 
cold air being taken off, would chill and injure the 
plants. During the Winter months, the Cucum- 
ber requires a higher temperature for its preservation 
than even the Pine Apple; consequently the atmo- 
sphere in the Cucumber frames should not be allowed 
to fall under 70 degrees, and should be permitted 
to get as high as 80 or 85 degrees by sun heat. The 
external dung linings will require to be frequently 
turned, and fresh dung added to renew the heat. 
Air should likewise be admitted at all favourable 
opportunities; in short, even in the most severe 
weather, a little ought to be given daily, which will 
increase the vigour and health of the plants, as 
nothing is more pernicious to their growth than being 
shut up for any continued time without it. When 



FORCIN& DEPARTMENT. 

the dung that is applied to the exterior of the pm 
is in a rank state, it will sometimes appear oeces^ 
to leave the lights a little tilted behind during 1 
night, so as to allow the steam that may collect il 
the frame to pass away. The ends of the mats must 
however, he lapped over the apertures thus lei 
otherwise the frosty winds will be liable to injure t 
plants. When the weather is very severe, the bedsd 
pits should be covered early in the afternoou wtdl 
two or three tiers of mats, and not uncovered hefoi 
nine o'clock in the morning. When the fruit bloi 
soms begin to make their appearance, it will 
necessary to assist nature at an early period of tU 
year, by taking off the male flower, and inserting ifl 
anthers into the fertile blossom, when it is fulq 
expanded, as the limited admission of air that i^ 
given in the Winter season is not sufficient for the 
dispersion of the pollen for impregnation, without 
which the fruit will not swell ; but at a more 
advanced period of the year, the current of air, and 
the bees that generally frequent the Cucumber and 
Melon bed, are the best and most natural sources of 
fertilization. As the plants advance in growth, they 
should be regularly pegged down to the surface of 
the bed, also gradually adding mould to their hdls, 
until the entire bed is covered over to the depth of 
afoot or 14 inches. Occasional waterings will be 
required, but care must be taken not to give them in 
such quantities as will sour and saturate the soil. 
The dung linings which surround the bed will also 
require to be frequently attended to and 
in order to keep up the requisite degree i 




id renewed^^H 
a^ee of hd^^^J 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



I -amongst the plants. Should there have been a 

favourable portion of sun throughout the month of 

February, the plants will then be shewing fruit, and 

L*will be fit for cutting by the beginning or middle of 

rtbe ensuing month. When a large supply of this 

' fruit is wanted, a succession of crops will require to 

be kept up, by ridging out young plants every month 

or six weeks till June, when the plants put out on the 

ridges, for prickly Cucumbers, will keep up a supply 

until tbey are destroyed by the frost. 

The Plants in the frames will require to be looked 
often over in the course of the season, and thinned 
out by removing such superfluous and decayed shoots 
as may appear ; they will also require large sup- 
plies of water throughout the Summer months; by all 
which processes they may be kept in a productive 
stale for eight or nine months in the year. 

Cucumbers may be also successfully grown and 
brought to perfection in the Winter months, on the 
back flue or front curb of a Pine stove, or in any 
other compartment in which the temperature is kept 
from 68 to 70 or 75 degrees ; and when the plants 
can be placed so as to receive the full benefit of the 
sun and light in the gloomy months. The most 
successful cultivator of this fruit, at an early period, 
that I have yet seen, is Mr. Forrest, at Sion Gar- 
dens, who grows it in great perfection in the Winter 
season, and who has got a particular sort of Cucum- 
ber, that he calls the Sion Free-Bearer, which is 
well adapted for Winter culture, and produces fruit 
I in great abundance in the Pine stoves, from Novem- 
I ber, until the other sorts come in, in the regular 



4M FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

fliHws. Tbe seeds cS this kiDd are sown in August, 
md umnoA in csMil pots until fit for planting out, 
vhaa the plwls ve placed in boxes about two feet 
Ih^ aad wUeh we made so as to stand on the tc^ 
«f Ih* back iM of the Pine stove, where tbey are 
e is also a trellising for training them, 
the bttck path of the Pine house, 
i ate exposed to the greatest degree 
ii hmk aMd hght m tke bouse. This method appears 
to b* the ■HMt SMfile awl effectual for procuring a 
CM^ «f CMMihais m ^be Winter season, that I have 
«Mr mm. b is » ptai diat has been long pursued 
by ife AilBM. Hi the Bajal Gardens, although not, 
pnbafiK *itk ^ aaoM degree of success ; the stove 
■a lian gpaieaft bciag not ao well adapted for the 
oalMK «f tUa fkamit as those at Sioo, which have 
al» ibe advantife of a steam boiler, whereby the 
bNMascHB htt »t pkasnie liUed with vapour, which b 
eto the health and Tigovr 
rf tb« Oii—hii pliai^ 

CVCV)tS.SKS CCLTtTATED. 








^ 
^ 
'te 
X 



NGDEP AKTM ENT. 



CULTURE OF THE MUSHROOM. 

The Mushroom being in great demand throughout 
the greater part of the year, for various culinary 
purposes, it is necessary to have recourse to artifi- 
cial means for prolonging its season, and to bring 
it to perfection in every month of the year. 

Various methods are adopted for the cultivation of 
this vegetable, such as growing it on shelves, 
boxes, and ridges, &c. of well prepared and fer- 
mented dung out of doors, which most unquestion- 
ably produces Mushrooms of a superior quality 
to those grown in the German method. When 
Mushrooms are to be grown on ridges out of doors, 
it is necessary to have the beds of a sufficient thick- 
ness, say, four feet in the centre, if formed sloping 
to both sides ; but if made against a wall, four feet at 
the back and gradually sloped to the ground leva!, 
will contain a considerable body of materials for 
retaining the heat, and affording nourishment to the 
Mushrooms. As soon as the beat of the bed is 
ascertained to be of a moderate temperature, the 
surface should be levelled, and about two inches of 
dry light loam put over it, and the spawn inserted 
through the mould, or placed on the dung previ- 
ously. It will be advisable not to spawn and mould 
the entire surface at once, in case of the bed heating 
and injuring the spawn ; the space of two or three 
feet from the top may be left for a few days, to allow 



410 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

the steam and heat to evaporate. The bed must be 
carefully protected from the inclemency of the 
weather, and regularly covered with straw or litter, 
and bass mats. Mushrooms are more frequently 
grown in sheds, where they can be protected from 
the frost and wet, on ridges prepared similar to what 
I have described, and which should, also, have a 
little straw or short hay spread over their surface. 
To detail, however, all the various ways of cultiva- 
ting this vegetable, would be a tedious undertaking. 

The accompanying Plate, No. 25, represents the 
Ground Plan and Section of the Mushroom-House at 
Woburn Abbey, which is similar to what is gene- 
rally used in Germany for the culture of this vege- 
table ; it was introduced into this country by Mr. 
Oldacre, Gardener to the late Sir Joseph Banks, 
and is, undoubtedly, the most successful means of 
bringing the Mushroom to perfection during the 
Winter months. 

The dimensions of this house are 70 feet long, and 
10 feet in width, inside measure ; the height of the 
front wall is about eight feet, and that of the back 
12 feet high. In this house there are rows of beds 
along the front wall, which are about four feet square 
each ; the partitions which divide the beds in the 
length, consist of brick work, and the shelves are 
supported by cast metal bars. There are also two tiers 
of beds that run along the back, as is indicated in 
the section, which are supported by cast metal bars, 
similar to those of the front ; along the floor of thi-i 
house, immediately under the first tier of shelves, a 
quantity of dung or leaves is introduced, which 



J 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 417 

assists in keeping up a moist heat in this depart- 
ment, and renders less fuel necessary. 

The materials most generally used for the forma- 
tion of the beds, for producing the best crop of 
Mushrooms, are horse droppings, and short litter 
recent from the stables; to these may be added a 
small portion of sandy loam, which will the better 
cement the other materials together. The Mush- 
rooms will, however, succeed very well without any 
mixture of mould through the beds, if they have a 
sufficient body put over the surface for them to vege- 
tate and run amongst. The droppings that are 
intended for forming the receptacle for the spawn, 
should be collected fresh from the stables, together 
with about one-fourth of the shortest litter; these 
ingredients must be spread on the floor of the house 
for a few days to dry, before they are made up into 
a bed ; if the house is of too limited dimensions to 
admit of the droppings being spread on it, a shed or 
any other airy and convenient place will do as well, 
so that the moisture may evaporate before the ma- 
terials are formed into a bed. When the ingredients 
appear to be in a moderately dry state they may be 
formed into a bed, observing to beat them as com- 
pactly together as possible, to the thickness of eight 
inches; a mallet should be used for this purpose, in 
order that every part of the beds may be rendered 
into a compact solid substance. These beds should 
not be made of a greater thickness than that specified, 
otherwise they will be subject to a strong fermenta- 
tion, which will partly rot the materials, and render 
them less congenial to the vegetation of the spawn. 
3h 



418 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

If, again, theyare made up of much less substance, the 
body will be too sliifht for affording that degree of 
nourishment requisite for the maturity of the Mush- 
room. When the beds appear a little more than milk 
warm, which may he ascertained by thrusting watch 
sticks in them, (or placing a thermometer in the dung,) 
and when this indicates from 80 to 90 degrees, the 
beds should be again beat, so that every part may be 
made as compact and solid as it will admit ; it is 
upon the solidity of the materials, and proper fermcD- 
tation, that our success of a crop depends. The beds 
must not, therefore, be permitted to heat violently ; 
but as soon as at the degrees above-mentioned, there 
should be a number of holes, about three inches in 
diameter and from seven to nine inches apart, made 
all over the surface of the beds. These holes will 
be the means of tempering the bed, and preventing 
the too strong fermentation taking place, which 
would render the beds unproductive; they are like- 
wise intended for depositing the spawn, which may 
be put in three or four days after they are made, 
providing the temperature does not exceed 80 or 
90 degrees ; the spawning of the beds should be 
performed when the heat is on the decline — as if 
done when in a strong degree of fermentation, the 
spawn would be injured, and rendered abortive- 
This operation must likewise not be deferred until 
the heal is too much subsided, otherwise there will 
not be that congenial degree of temperature 
necessary for the production of a crop, When the 
beds appear in a proper state for spawning, the hole* 
previously made in them should be well crammed 




r 



FORCING DEPAB' 




I 



with the spawn, and their surface levelled, and left 
ID this state until the spawn is beginning to vege- 
tate, when they should be covered all over with light 
dry sandy loam, to the depth of two inches ; should 
the surface of the beds appear to get rather too dry for 
the running of the spawn freely in, a sprinkling of 
water should be given occasionally ; but observe not 
to give much at a time, in case of saturating or rotting 
the spawn. The Mushrooms will generally begin 
to make their appearance in the course of seven or 
eight weeks after the spawn is deposited in the beds, 
and will continue to produce good crops for several 
weeks; the successions must be kept up by the 
making of fresh beds as they appear to be required, 
which will prolong the season of this vegetable from 
November, until they can be procured in the open 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



HOT WALL. 



The accompanying Plate, No. 26, represents t 
Ground Plan of a wall, heated by Hot-water ; the 
pipes are introduced along a cavity, that commences 
within a few inches of the bottom of the wall, and is 
continued to the top, but is connected by piers, that 
are carried up about four feet apart, which tmile 
the back and front of the wall together, and renda 
it, although hollow, equal to a solid one in strength J 
they are also found more economical in erection,; 
there is a considerable saving of materials. 

In this structure, tlie boiler is also placed in thi 
shed behind, where tbe fire is attended to, and the 
two pipes proceed one directly under tbe other, 
along the cavity to the extremity of the wall, where 
they are connected to an oblong square box, into 
which the water flows from the upper pipe, and 
returns to the boiler by the under one ; and whilst 
any heat is continued in the furnace, the water will 
flow and circulate from one extremity of the wall to 
the other. The caloric given out from the pipes, 
produces a gentle heat in the brick wall against 
which the trees are planted, and the warmth given 
out from the bricks protects the blossoms from 
being injured by the frosts. It is, however, necet 
sary to have a strong fire applied under the boil 
from the time the blossoms begin to expand, until 
the fruit is set, and beginning to swell off, as the 




n 




U 



^ 



ii 



s 



^ 



m 







B 



<3 



^ 

N 



I 



=5 



i 

•Si 




FORCING DEPABTMENT. 



i 



hot-water pipes require to be kept constantly hot, 
in order to produce a gentle warmth in the brick 
work. 

I am, however, inclined to think, that frame-work, 
with rafters, placed against a wall, and made as 
the Melon lights, or any other not in use, if applied 
for a few weeks, when not wanted for the early 
crops, would be attended with much less expense, 
and generally more successful than heating by hot- 
water. The pipes, &c. at first erection, will cost 
nearly as much as the frame-work, and there is, 
also, an annual expense for fuel, which, in this part 
of the country, where coals generally cost about 
I*. 8d. per bushel, soon amounts to a considerable 
sum ; but by having frame-work, and applying the 
late Melon and Cucumber pit lights, while the trees 
are in blossom, fire, and hot-water pipes will be 
unnecessary, as the fruit will be sufficiently for- 
warded by the influence of the sun, by the time the 
lights are wanted for the late crops of Melon or 
Cucumber. The young wood, in Autumn, if not 
perfectly ripened, may be also matured by adopting 
such spare lights as will fit the rafters and frame- 
work for a few weeks, as the effects of the sun 
through the glass will be sufficient for the perfecting 
of these shoots. 

This wall is chiefly occupied by Apricots, and 
Cheriy trees; and by applying artificial heat as soon 
as the flower buds begin to expand, the fruit is 
accelerated at a much earlier period. This hot-wali 
appears well adapted for the exciting and forwarding 
the Cherry at an early period ; as being protected 



413 FORCINO DEPARTMENT. 

from the frott by the heat in the brick work, and 
fully exposed to the influence of the sun and air, 
(a free exposure of which is necessary for the setting 
of the fruit,) it sets and swells off in great abun- 
dance. 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



CULTURE OF THE CHERRY. 



It is universally acknowledged, that of all fruits 
accelerated by the aid of artificial heat, that of the 
Cherry is the most difficult, particularly at an early 
season, as the tender blossoms are very liable to drop 
off without setting their fruit, which is generally 
occasioned by the imperfect impregnation of the 
parts of fructification; therefore, when a supply of 
this fruit is wanted at the table, at an early season, 
there should be a large stock of trees kept in large 
pots or boxes, and grown on the premises for a year 
or two previous to placing them in the Forcing 
Houses, in order that they may get their roots well 
established in the pots or tubs, which should then be 
plunged in rotten leaf mould, and kept regularly sup- 
plied with water during the Summer months, in 
which situation they are left until wanted to be 
brought into the Cherry House, which is generally 
about the 1st of February, when the first set of trees 
is introduced; and for a succession of fruit there 
are other sets of trees brought in, about three weeks 
afterwards, and so on, until all that are intended to 
be forced through the early part of the season are 
introduced, bringing in only about a dozen and a half 
at a time ; and those first excited will generally have 
ripened their fruit by the latter end of April, when 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 




they are removed, to make room for the last succes- 
sion. Id the centre of the Cherry House here, is 
a pit about four feet deep, which is filled with tree 
leaves, for the plunging of the pots amongst; but 
there is very little bottom heat admitted to the roots 
of the trees. 

The temperature of the house is afterwards kept 
very low, to correspond as nearly with the exter- 
nal atmosphere as possible, in order to strengthen 
the flower buds; but wheu they begin to expand, it 
is necessary to increase the temperature, so as to 
prevent their receiving any check from a too sudden 
transition of cold to heat, when the weather is so 
changeable in the early part of the season. When 
the fire is first lighted, the thermometer is regulated 
in the evenings to about 45 degrees, and not allowed 
to exceed 55 degrees in the day, for the first fort- 
night, allowing a large portion of air at all favourable 
opportunities, and keeping the trees well syringed 
with water, until their blossom is expanding, when 
the syringe is dispensed with, and the atmosphere of 
the house kept in a humid state, by pouring water 
on the hot-water pipes and foot-paths. From the 
time the flower bud begins to expand, the tempera- 
ture is gradually increased, until it is raised to 60 
degrees in the evenings, and about 65 degrees 
throughout the day, at which heat the house is 
continued till the setting of the fruit is over, when it 
is increased to from 60 to 65 degrees ; but, by this 
time, the external state of the air will correspond, 
in some measure, more nearly with the atmosphere of 



J 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 425 

the house, which will, consequently, admit of a large 
portion of air through the day, keeping the thermo- 
meter five or seven degrees higher by the influence 
of the sun than it is regulated at in the evenings by 
artificial heat. 



3 I 



FORClXr. DRPARTMKNT. 



FORCING OF STRAWBERRIES. 

The fruit of the Strawberry may be succei 
brought to perfection at an early season, by p 
a number of these plants in any of the forcing 
houses, where they can have a free circulation of 
and light, and can be kept well supplied with wai 
as they appear to require it. They may also 
grown and fruited, in small pits, heated with 
water. The pits might be adapted, with advantaf 
for the growth of the Alelon or Cucumber, during 
Summer months, after the Strawberry forcing 
over. 

But those forcing houses that are constructed 
with upright or front lights, are well adapted for 
producing an early crop of Strawberries ; and a sui 
cession of this fruit may be kept up by placing 
row of their pots along the front of the house, 
near to the glass as possible, where they will hai 
the full benefit of the sun and light. A regular si 
cession of plants should be placed in each compai 
ment, according as artificial beat is applied for 
acceleration of the other fruits, which will bring thi 
Strawberry to perfection, without any additional 
expense for fuel. A constant supply may thus be 
obtained from the beginning of March, until 
regular fruiting season in the open ground. 

The principal point in Strawberry forcing i) 
have a large stock of well prepared plants, that 1 



:ing 



r 

I 



FOIICING DEPARTMENT. 427 

been potted, and whose roots have become well 
established in their pots, the previous Autumn; 
a supply, therefore, must be provided as soon as the 
runners have formed tolerably good roots, which 
they generally will have done by the month of 
July. They should be taken from the parent plant, 
and the strongest planted three in a pot, in good 
light rich loam. Pots from eight to nine inches in 
diameter, with a proportionate depth, will be a very 
suitable size for this purpose. As soon as potted, 
they should have a good watering, and be then 
plunged in old tan, or decayed leaves, in an opeu 
situation, and shaded from the eftects of the mid-day 
sun, until they have taken root. They should be 
regularly supplied with water, aud kept free from 
weeds; and should any flowers appear on any of the 
plants in Autumn, they should be pinched off. In 
this situation they may be left to remain, until the 
frost sets in, when they may be removed to a cold 
pit, or frame, or otherwise preserved from the 
severity of the frost by a covering of long straw, 
which will protect tbem, and prevent the pots from 
being broken, which frequently occurs by the ex- 
pansion of the mould in the pots, in frosty weather. 
The number of plants required to be potted, must 
be regulated according lo the family demand for this 
firuit, and the means for accelerating them. The 
kinds of Strawberries that appear most appropriate 
for early forcing, are, Keen's Seedling, Bath^ and 
Grove End ikarkt, the Roseberry, and Alpines when 
raised from seed. 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



FRENCH BEANS. 



The Kidney Bean, as a culioary vegetable, is i 
much demand in most families ; but by its being a 
native of a tropical climate, it requires a bigh tem- 
perature to bring it to perfection at an early seasoo. 
It is most generally and successfully cultivated in 
the Pine Stove, the atmosphere of which appears 
congenial for its growth and maturity in the Winter 
months. 

French Beans may be likewise forwarded and 
brought to perfection in small pits heated with hot- 
water ; and in pits, where the temperature is kept 
up by external linings of dung; but when there is 
room on the back flues, or front curbs of the bark 
bed in the Pine Stove, they will be accelerated with 
less expense and trouble by growing them in pots, 
and placing them on the stone curbs or back dues ; 
a large supply may thus be regularly grown, and 
continued during the Winter season in this depart- 
ment, without increasing the consumption of fuel, or 
applying linings of dung, which must be resorted to, 
if grown in a pit separately. 

About the middle of December, twoor three large 
pans, about six inches deep, should be filled with 
light rich mould, that has been well incorporated 
with rotten dung ; these pans should be thickly set 
with the Beans, placing them quite close together, 
as, if old seed, many of them will not vegetate ; 



FOSCINO DEPARTMENT. 



there should he about two inches of the same mould 
put over them as a covering, when they may be 
placed in the most convenient or vacant space in the 
Pine Stove. If the pans are not very large, they 
may be plunged betwixt the Pine plants in the front 
row of the pit, where they will have a slight degree 
of bottom heat, which will induce them to vegetate 
more readily. 

When the plants have attained four or five inches 
in height, they should be transplanted into pots 
about nine or ten inches in diameter, and about the 
same dimensions in depth, filling the pots only half 
full, or little more, when the plants are first put in 
them ; the remaining space to be filled up when they 
have grown a few inches beyond the rims of the 
pots, which vrill serve as a moulding, and a support 
to their stems, when at a more advanced stage of 
growth. In removing the plants from the seed pan, 
great care must be taken not to injure any of the 
roots ; but endeavour must be had to remove them 
with as much of the mould attached as possible, 
which will, in a great measure, secure them from 
receiving any serious check in the transplanting. 
Three plants will be sufficient to put into one pot, 
which should have, immediately after their insertion, 
a little water given them, to settle the soil about 
the roots ; the water should be of the same tempe- 
rature as the atmosphere of the house, and frequently 
applied when they are in a growing state ; but 
observing not to keep them too wet, in case of their 
damping oif, when they are in rather a tender state, 
particularly during the severity of the Winter 



I 



430 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

months. The pots should be placed Id such a situa- 
tion as to secure as much of sun and air as possible , 
in order to strengthen the plants, and prevent their 
being drawn up in. a weak or sickly state, and ren- 
dered unproductive. Frequent syringings will be 
necessary over their foliage, in order to suppress the 
thripsand red spider, which often make great havock 
amongst the leaves^ particularly the latter insect, 
which is^ however* easily destroyed by frequent 
syringings, or by sprinkling a little sulphur on the 
flues or pipes, when hot, which will e&ctnally 
eradicate this depredator for a time. The thrips 
will require to be suppressed by/ fumigations of 
tobacco ; but when the atmosphere of the Pinery is 
kept in a humid state, these intruders are not so 
troublesome as when a dry high temperature is kept 
up. As soon as the plants appear in flower, they 
should be bountifully supplied at the root with 
water that has been well impregnated with animal 
or pigeon dung, which will greatly invigorate their 
growth, and prolong their bearing. 



FOnCISG DEPARTMENT. 



• fvu .krilx 



FORCING OF RHUBARB. 



The stalk of Rhubarb being an excellent esculent 
for making tarts when blanched, this vegetable is 
extensively cultivated for the purpose in most fami- 
lies ; and there are few tables at which this is not a 
favourite dish, in the early part of the season. Rhu- 
barb is likewise a vegetable that can be brought to 
perfection by arti6cial means, with less trouble and 
expense than most vegetables that are accelerated, 
as heat and moisture are the most essential neces- 
saries for the invigoration and maturity of this plant, 
sun and light not being requisite for its growth ; as, 
in short, the foot-stalks and leaves will grow and 
develope as strongly by being excluded totally from 
the light. A large supply of Rhubarb may be con- 
tinued from December, until its season is over in the 
natural ground. Therefore, to accelerate this herb, 
the roots should be taken carefully up, and packed 
closely together in boxes, from two to three feet 
long, and from a foot to 18 inches wide, and about 
the same proportion in depth. The interstices 
between the roots should be filled with sandy loam, 
which should be washed in amongst them by a good 
watering, and then placed along the top of one 
of the hot-water pipes or flues, in any of the forcing- 
houses that are at work, or in the Mushroom -House. 
The plants should be well supplied with water, and 
as soon as the buds begin to vegetate, a box should 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



be inverted over them, to exclude the light, and 
blanch the foot-stalks, &c. One or two of these 
boxes, filled and put into any of the Forcing Depart- 
ments, at different periods, will produce a large, 
supply and succession of this vegetable, until 
appears in the open ground. 

Where there are no Hot-Houses, this plant may 
also be accelerated in the natural ground by pla- 
cing boxes over the roots, and covering them with 
hot-dung or leaves, or a mixture of each, which will 
soon produce a sufficient heat to excite the herb into 
a vegetating state. 

Rhubarb may likewise be successfully grown 
beds, such as those described for the acceleration 
Asparagus, Sea-Kale, &c., and excited at an early 
period with linings of dung, or leaves, applied between 
the beds, when the roots will produce large crops an- 
nually, without injury. Those grown in boxes should 
be fresh planted every year with plants from one to 
two years old ; and as soon as the crop of leaves is 
over, these roots should be again divided and planted 
in the open ground, when they will get established, 
and be again fit for forcing. When a large suppply 
of this vegetable is in demand, a little seed should 
be sown annually, to keep up a good stock of yout^ 
plants for acceleration. 



■t- 



ito I 

M 




FORCING DEPARTMENT. 



■ 
I 
I 

I 



FORCING THE POTATOE. 

New Potatoes being, at an early period of tKe 
year, a favourite luxury, are, naturally, then in 
much repute. This root is most generally accele- 
rated by prepared beds of fermenting substances, 
such as dung or leaves, or a mixture of both ; either 
wil! form very suitable beds. If dung is used, it 
will be necessary to have it turned several times 
before it is made up, in order to allow the rank steam 
to evaporate, and the violence of the heat to subside; 
but if leaves only are used, as is the case here, they 
may be formed into a bed at once, as the evaporation 
arising from them will not injure the Potatoe sets. 
When Potatoe beds are made up in January, they 
should consist in thickness of three feet, at least, as 
it is necessary to have a good body of dung or leaves 
together, in order to retain the heat through the 
severity of the Winter, although a very low tempe- 
rature will be quite sufficient for bringing the 
Potatoe to perfection : it is necessary to protect 
them from cold and frost, of which it is very impatient. 
As soon as the temperature of the bed is ascertained 
to be of a mild heat, the surface should be well trod 
and levelled, and have from four to five inches of 
light sandy dry soil spread over it ; this soil should 
be well incorporated with rotten dung or leaf mould. 
While the dung or the leaves are getting in readi- 
ness, the Potatoes should be cut, and the roots 

3 K 



434 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

placed in a situation to dry previous to their being 
inserted in the mould, or they may be accelerated in 
one of the Forcing-Houses, or other frames at work, 
in flower pots or boxes, and transplanted into hot 
beds prepared for their reception, as soon as they 
appear in a fit state to receive them. The plants, 
or sets, should be placed in rows from 10 to 12 
inches apart, and from four to five inches in the 
rows. 

When the bed is completed, if planted with 
Potatoes previously excited, a little aired water 
should be given to settle the soil around their roots. 
But when the sets are inserted in the ground, 
without being previously forced, no water will be 
necessary, as the steam and moisture arising from 
the bed will be quite sufficient. The lights must 
be carefully covered with bass mats during the 
night, but a large admission of air allowed daily, 
when the weather will permit. Should the heat of 
the bed decline before the crop is nearly matured, 
an application of dung must be had to the linings, 
which will infuse a fresh heat in the bed, and pro- 
mote the growth of the Potatoes. The internal 
atmosphere should be kept from 50 to 60 degrees. 
When the stalks have advanced in growth from six 
to eight inches, an additional supply of mould 
should be carefully put in betwixt the rows, as a 
landing for them. As the stalk proceeds in growth, 
and the weather becomes warm, water may be more 
freely administered, regulating the supply to the 
condition of the bed, which must always be kept in 
a moist vegetating state. Potatoes are often success- 



I 



FORCING DEPARTMENT. J35 

fully brouglit to perfection by forming a bed, and 
enclosing; its sides to keep in the mould with stakes, 
enveloped with hay or straw* bands ; and covering 
the surface over with straw and mats, to protect it from 
the wet Hnd frost ; which practice, if commenced in 
January, and carefully attended to in severe weather, 
will answer perfectly well, and the fruit be ready 
about May; as early nearly, as if accelerated under 
glass. 



SEA-KALE, OR ASPARAGUS BEDS. 

The beds for forcing these favourite vegetables 
may be constructed any length, and from three to 
four feet wide, which should be formed by building 
two parallel walls of open brick work, and to consist 
of four-inch work, with nine-inch piers, at five or six 
feet apart, to give durability to the thinner brick 
work. These walls should be about three feet high ; 
if the substratum is of a dry nature, they may be 
sunk entirely under the ground level ; but, if other- 
wise, a foot of the walls should be raised above the 
ground, and that space filled up with light sandy 
loam aud leaf mould, for the plants to grow in. 
The top of the walls should have a coping of wood, 
to prevent the brick work from being displaced, 
or injured, by the frost or wet. The spaces between 
the beds are filled with leaves and dung mixed, or 
either material will answer, if a sufficient body is 
applied, which will produce a heat through the open 
brick work, into the beds, so as to promote the acce- 
3k2 



436 FORCING DEPARTMENT. 

leration of the plants. These beds should be 
covered with wood covers, made with a rise in the 
centre, in order to throw off the rain water that 
falls ; or they may be covered with mats and 
hoops ; but the former is the more durable method. 



ASPARAGUS. 

This favourite vegetable is justly considered as 
one of great luxury during the Winter months. 
The acceleration of it, by artificial heat, in order to 
produce it in perfection at an early period of the 
season, is now very generally resorted to. By these 
means, a supply of it may be continued, from the 
beginning of December, (or earlier,) until the time 
when it appears in the open ground in its natural 
state. 

The most general method of exciting this plant, 
is by forming beds of well prepared dung, or a mix- 
ture of leaves and dung. Either of these mate- 
rials, separately, will form very suitable beds, if 
previously well prepared. The dung, or leaves, 
should first be thrown in a heap, and frequen