Skip to main content

Full text of "Household Words: A Weekly Journal"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on librai^y shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as pait of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expii'ed. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of The files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you aie doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at http: //books .google . com/ 


"Faniliar m th^ir Mouths as ROUSEHOLD WORDS,"*' 


9 SSlccklH Journal. 

ooin>x7cnD dt 




Fbom Jolt 4, 18&7, to DEcsiuteR IS; 1667* 

S«mtg from No. SfiO to No. lOS, and oIm inHudimg tkt Sxtra Nvmhtr and a 
hat/ /or C^rutma*. 




[^> . - . . 

y Captala Dolown'i Tlrbl 

PblthuiBRnle, Tbt 




Bt Lore M&loh, Tba 

1*01 .4tn,i«o,aoi 

lt(w», Th« La»7 Tuar at 
r^Ult 413,XI7.S«l.»!S,4Ce 
)*Mir>a EdMbiiloD, Tba M* 
Nakinc . . . . «t» 
»• U) sum . . . 4B1 

I. I>n*l \a tbr nitah . . M 
Craptty «( a M-ihftmmt- 
CttOMBM . . . «90 



.<ifT . . in 

llitiK«' Aet . . sa 

R'vvwrt' tb* MkfoMopa . 407 

r1«ii<l l>ocu.T'a fitory, TIm SW 
rUtMJ VUl.t^.A . si8,8aa 

ttiA<nri.ii4j*tura. Tli« . 408 
I MUjirtuI U tb« Kdlo- 

klUrbw . . lt» 

DATcin.ST PhllbMnonle, Tlie . SiS 

Wbl>raikdCre«lilar . . . Btt 

Dvltlorttk Omurr Ap> . . . sn 

Dcblofi B«ai FrUnd, Xba . . I7« 

Debtaf't Prison. A . . . 4ll 

Pvtbl. Tb« Flm Sack of . . 978 

PiariaU t9( 

Diction D«ir». Infanud . 1 

r>iMiir«lvv Mtod, A ... 47T 

PUIn'^BCtanU .... 9 

l>i«rm«1t,Mr. Iua« . . 4ns 

nU-ttoiMn anil Pgltc* in Troula 171 

I>t«li)r Cflnollr . . . . 618 
Ducior Garrick . . .143 

Derm JoIituoD ... 4PB 

Docictr*' Bill* . . . . i& 

Doctoring bj Lightning . . 4M 

DoHCMiir fUew . . . . 4o0 

Down aEutaK Uw XVntekiBn 89S, iU. 

DrfdeD,l[r. . . . . 4» 

[>tiMin» EplnrfM In nUlory . 404 

Du«h«u Fad In Norway . . 819 

Du'ller, Sir lt->bart . . . . 8t 
Dutch Mannen ■ 30$, 440. SOI 

EiimmKaH Bertev . . . Itt 
E/1m«nA WUrar M6, 40t, 401 
ElvaB^r Clkn'* Jgomal for T«q 

run i»7. sas, s&i, m 

£llubctb.£ni|>rauo(aiMaia . im 

Rn.-nmbBred I->tata . , , 61 
EnxlUh at ll(in«,bra FnDctl 

Anther. Tba . , , 6iO 
EnRlUli WiicbM . .114 

Extract of Ffuunl Flovers . . fit) 

FAtK PnittcnL, A . . , . /Ki 

PalPtfnM at Lalpafas . . 60t 

Ftlllni; U«mvM . . AM 

Faradlim 4M 

F)i-ai'CUMr»Mng»r . . . 431} 

Flr-t SwkofDtilhl, Tha . 179 

Fi)(iUiarbl«it, A Uitrdf^r a| . 18> 
ro<»lMdlnKft at TbumatRalkM, 

Kxjitlra 291 

Fnnc't Wi*r, upon EoKland . UO 

K ir.ituirM . . 4U 
1 uLi Duimiaa tried 

. <S3 

I Iirlrar.Ths . . ffi6 

I . i.ifiD . , i&a,H)r 

I ifiwln 1786 . 81 

l-'rlnvlt <.<! me PBt«J[OBlail . . 41tt 

Frog» »t 

Kanml Flovcn, ExirMt of . . Q» 

• ALTiKiaK ..... 400 

.itrrlck.A Sloryor. . . . 141 

iiaaiott, tba Ulti« Wolf . » 

04Uiler, Madmalwlla . , . B6 

Gnwrml Board or Uflalib, Tba . 183 

OMTpNtllar , . 43S 

OMrgv l*Ha llM Polttr . 923 

Oa-wf* Slaphauua . . OD 

CtaatTlifT tra 

Gnat SL l.rfer. Tba . . . 411 

Gn>B Froft .... 91 

OTVUiartlM, Rfttloaal . . MS 

HASni ia at WMluliutar . . 40> 


naii*»m« . • , , , Ml 

Uantct.A HUtnry or . . . MA 

llamlut, 'rfaa UrtflMl . . 97t 

Hard Boada VH 

llazlln't Work* . . . , 47« 

Health And lluMtatlon , . IM 

Hcalihy Ywr la Loodon . . 183 

nclHtu UaUi4>«aoa . . . U 

llrrGram»rtb«Uo1raaI]a. , tlO 

llrnnek'* Julia . . . «» 

lIlDl fram sum .... 909 
Ilonia OtMrda, An AppllcallM 

at tba 9» 

Uo* the Wrilorwas Daapateb- 

boxgd ... 99 

laHVABuaAiLa yftmdtit . . IM 
InittrlMnmani fur li«bl n Cdn- 

tDTTaio fri 

InAb by lock UpwaM - . 40 

Imlln, A D<T Willi Nrn« !^.■\)Ilh . 4S9 
India, LulAillAi Khau'H Ufa 

In 400 

In<tla, The Fomttura of a Bajob'a 

HoiM« 4W 

India, Wandarinirtiu . . . 4Si| 

Indian BUIIknlplayvr . . 441 

Iiidtao Csralrr . . , |.10 

Indian IrmguUia , XI4 

Indian Xab.i«[uadans . . . 490 
htdlan Kacnilu »in1 trnJUn 

Kn^lih 319 

IndUn Tfinifi 4A7 

liirm: < i:p!i,.:i llon^cTlw -. 43a 

I'^ ' ... 157 

In '«l Eiiara . . M 

I'" ■ ■■:Y . . . . M« 

Irrt^uijit U ^TsJi)-, M utlny of . ISO 

Jaau lbs FInt, mr'b of , . 4d8 

jKno Sl*-<r»** Ki-aldvuCtf . . . 4M 

JapAti, n<Md* In . . &M 

Jntanion. Ur 409 

Joui tt«y In Saarch of Noibing . HIT 

Judicial DiwU . ■ 480 

Junetiftn 8Utl«n, A . . . 3M 

Kraana-nnr Mbmuid, Tbo . . 697 
Krrbr Castle .444 

KllltngTlnMi 19| 

L*i'T J*n* Orey'i RMldenet 
Laoib'a Wofka , . . . 


Liixy Tonr of Tw^ Idl* Appr«o- 

HM* - . sia, SS7, Ml, sa^ 

LaavOT of PlutU . ... 
L' Ip-lc Fair .... 

L«'>cr-Writar, The Ke» . . 


L>|[titnlnK IkKtor .... 
LinJ« DutU and tba Cdlabarch 


LnoaoMHln Eaglna, A RIda on , 
Uopd nwai a war the lk>rdar 
Lord WlDlam Coartmay . , 
LordW.Tylar .... 
Lrt.t in iha Ba>b . , 

tucku'iw, A Trayall'-r In 
LunaUot ta B>U>lab«iii . . . 










Lani{iei tud KMpen kt tlw 

tUr«» 410 

LnitMricM. Trv«tmiiDt of . . 5I.S 

Ltitr'ttlAh Kh4Q . . , . 4IM 
LyiMlo.ilUU. . . . 4(19,41N 

HAititiioiiKLi.s QuiUar . . . bi 

MaitnftUca . ... 460 

NknclHntorSoltoolof Art ■ . SU 

Hart* L'oiirtvtwr . . . . fi33 
M&m&it«, A Bmkoh of Pn>> 

mw of MO 

Hft*7,Q«tr«acirfVoti . . . 4(M 

M«itntiiK M»,6if f .... 6 

UiorMcnpfB .... U4 
U lcro<« •t'lci Pivnanilana lOS, 4E7 

MU«ionvin« M l*«t*«00i* . . 4ICi 

Mt<t»k«t>i>i Sc*«cb . . . S04 

H<^.k.r^ King . . . . «J8 

H"Ut« Via>-),Voru«b>. . . 410 

Mri. I!..l,(ftr7 . . . . 1«D 

V<|iki-,«ivlhUOn>Unfl . . «« 

Mui'Aln.Ttui . . . . 1»B 

H.>'lr;r liUudla, A. . . . 130 

Nn'tiiT, S'por Syoiboliof . . at 

Mr (. -^1 H"iu« .... t)-iti 

Mr WliHloir . . . . . 136 

MAont Slub S76 

M*rur«'« QrcftliUM to BidaU 

Tliincv MI 

Meru 6ftblb. A Dar •Ith . , 45S 

••>V.. , >^. r.*i- i . T.-ana" . 305 

N- kiiUnd in 

^ . . si6 

^ t Doa . -v* 

Nm Wrtit. «it 

WiitM Pr.rtw.TU .615 

Ntifolk ItUnd . . 474 
Moiittr, Aa Eneliiti Ycwiiji 

L«>!y In 810 

Noiiiliip^ A .ToiiniRr inSfUdb of :tLi 

Mumbnr rirn, Uftjtburr TcrtaM AGS 

OLBUMllTr .*...¥» 

OnfofSlrlluiiSIo*H'»PBtl«nta ft'H 

Ol>Uiro iXliina) . . . . IBl 

U|tiuiu Ll"dtH) . . . . 159 
OiKniilir C'll.^riie . .611 

Orpl)«n-M'>itte on A*h]«j Don 433 

Ou>U. A TravvllMrIn , . 4M 

Our Faiiiilr I'lctiin . a09,(M, 8.^ 

Our r* krij Q'l , . , tM 
Over-CM»du(l Dwlllnst' Pra> 

vouUvaAct . . . . BS4 

PiTAOOHtAii MliitiHiciy Society 4Ifl 

r«iaR-'iiUiio, frWioltof iIm . 4111 
I'irl*. lirhiQil itie Sumi tl Uia 

Op»i* W 

r4ri<', III TInteof tb» Dourlrans V>' 

FktU on lytidua . . . • MO 

I'tyya' IJl^ry 3W 

r«nr I.«iT*n)r A Cn., Ma«in. . 4i4 

ri.t<li«r>i<> ttiDatchUy.The . il3 

fli.-I.JK'ifiplie** , . . . atVi 

I'liy. oil Training iBSebotill . SfiS 

)'li}'S)o|ni']F, TuBcliini; uf , . Ml? 

nct:^llt>- u«l [1)« lUyiBwlLet . SM 

rtwc "f Vffytk. A . . . . fi64 

Pol-ii'.Atlon ..... M8 

f.mrT.mi.— ACIlT Weed • . 881 

rojHi. Mr. Al-'Skitdnr . . . 404 

pout OtTMt.', t'iikul(« i . BM 
Po)>[ orrifc. Tlitf, aiul the Edlft- 

biir^h lti;vU^<r . , . S8 

P-tt«r, Gi^.'u'p Pull, U>8 . . t«3 

1'r.wrr, n( (:*],., l»tlo.i . , , 117 

Pi-* ' II 7 out • • 63T 

PM • ... 809 

Pr. ., IhB . . . 170 

I'ru^Klaii i'l<-^fiy , ■ • . • lAtf 

P'uolnii V-A\cv . . ■ . 109 

Puiichutd Jady .... 477 

Qitbrm'a Oitett, Tha . , , 431 

QiiMii'B IUreQge,Tb« . . 132 

RtCK WmIc It Doncuter . . 4^9 

KikllieA* Dlu-y . . . 297 

BallwAf PuKngeri ... 4.10 

Kattviiiiarrnntetic* . . . KM 
K«--ni't nir in Inillii . . .SID 

Km»rk.«bl» KAT>'hit<on . . . 148 

KrtivcMng tlio r.nnl HiniM . &td 

RlU^'ctU Whl'lwind . . UA 

Kit»lrtr|v<>t; i>r, Stappi^Mumla. UO 

K<i;.t*-« WAik fnt 

Koinitnilc llrviicli of Proa<M . MO 

Itiint^a, A LmAy \a LdrB with . Hi 

RtieiUn RoPoluUoD, A . . . 148 

SArn«tiMSA 146 

tjjtnaiipt Jottnaoa .... 4>)4 

^■rlll «m1 K 'vifi^ .... MS 

ScNTxUiiKvlantiod Tbor. Tho . 3(9 

Sc««frll 969 

ttWI forC'ViIui, A . . . U8 

a^Unnil, WifclNWor . . . 75 

Sa*-Worm, Thn . . , , ]<U} 

^•iirntwls Piitier. The . . . XSU 

fi4>|.<<y Sy-ii-oltof Hiitlny . . MS 
Siam, A llinl fniia . . .'.MS 
fiiitn At llaiaii Id . . .481 
Sir lluni dlo*ua'<^ A PAtlut 

"f 636 

8 r Kohert Uiidlo; . * . . « 

ftU Old U«u SW 

.■^uov t^iirtNii, T^1l. . . . 807 

SiKtw'a, <!ai>l«Iii. Vnriie . 418 

t^'iiifi K«na(n)(lon MuwiatD . 537 

!S;uirn>iaa Jijfi 

!s;ir>MinK Aii(ll(iiiu, A . . . iVi 
S.-iliKEUmiU . .163,410 
:tt. LCRflr lUoe, The . . .411 

Stw vt UoltaebBOi, Ttu . . . ISl 



8tepb«Dnii, OMq^ . . . U 

Stripping BtooM . . 4(4 

SMckytoM 91 

BtraiehorM/rnaiT, A . . . 401 j 

eun-HorK, Tli9 . . . 066 ] 

Supentlili'BiAwlTmlltkRii | 

BnMHt or WooMn, Tli« . . 3tf ] 

Timara, Frwiwb . \m,m i 

Thlnftt wtthla Dr. CnoUf'm 

nunmibrftaoB ■ 

Tliorsnd tbeOlMU , 
Three G» DC nuloiu • ■ ■ 
TbUKa In Indlt . . . , 
Tliuriell Qtn Httri*nr 
Toudiist; (uid ToDobtdl CW> 


Teoeblnir tb* Lart BamM . 
Tracks hi tti« Buiti . ... 
Trial by Datile . . , , 
Trial o.' Cat'falB DotooAM . . 
Tweniy S1.IIHa|t« In lh« Pvqod 
T«o rirat-CltM PMMncwai • ■ 
Two jAa«s,Ttie . 

UifiTEMtTTCinDmlaalnrt, TiM . IM 
L'iiproc«ci«d Poou'M lu Sor«»7 IM 

VntT Black Act, A . . fli 

VlllftgaUf* . .til 

Yoloe IVaia th« Clol»tor, .1 . . IH 

WAtt»li.Mr. Umand . «M>«)^ MS 
Wftodflrlnr^lnlndU . . IN, M 
Weftns, Tli« Murder otf' • * 
Wcrtilale Head . 
WmminKiHT at fanro'Clodt 
Wliirlw!»d at Cft'cutts 
wiiiiiw[<'d. Riiiius tba 
WhnwaaH^?. . . 

wtet'^a. A luinr t>vr Bt * 

Will's i;i>aMtU«dw 

Wlnrklnr, »r^ Tha CUc^AlOr 

Wttchvanf KutiUnd . • 
Wltcbca of SooUud . . 

Y»LU)W Tlt»T. Tb« • 
Your Uleor Your Llkiaw 


Awattu. .... 

Auliimn ... 

ItaMl Paat, A . .1 

DlBnal P.«l, Tlia . . . 'W 

Pint fliuiw on Uio F>*II . . . M 

G«nrj^ L^Tlaon; or, TUa Sebaol* 

firliixra . 
LMif. The . . 
My Sliior . » 
UnitpciMd Boil ■ ■ • . ■ 
WudflTUKlil • • . . W 


IN WOMEN, CHILDREN, SILVER, AND JSWELS, wlU im baud el tbe end of tbi VoIobm. 

CiiAr. r.-Tb* ruland of Silver Slor* 
Cnaf. II.— TtM PriKOn lu tba Woodt 
Cur. IIL— The iUiu on tba Ulver 





''Famiiiar m aeir M&uih a$ IlOUSEnOLD trORDS,' 




SATURDAY. JULY 4, 1357. 


,8 MOU, 


c|i*«il^ree of Snperctitton is enuty trnced. 

" ' - -ii^t! tinj Fear, 

Itvr p-iiwUi 

tljr beea very loui^-livij.l, ainl it \b 

i qae^lion, whether she will ever 'lie, 

lilioD, ))er ilaii^ht«r (whciM sire won 

it su-'Ulnuig her oxUtenev with a 

nau coiiiuionly tiltuL Su|>cr- 

< liat iLiwA^s riJcs in tlitrkntrtu, 

Me*«i'.Aall\% ervD dow^ get glimpses 

ttigiitt utd thf lime If not fto very (iir 

Moca ihe w&a licoustant {^ue^t uot 

r|WDp«ram UilK-Tiia^ (tht^ hutitntiuu of 

»r>. but reguiuiiue tiirrw (in the 

faJicva of kiiiuni also). Nupoleoua IteJ Mad, 

iW BJark " ■■ -1 of FoiilJiinebleau, tlie 

SptTtm oi' ' t'-v aii'l otht-r exaiiiplt's 

ntKf*r hrr.- urate the great uuwil- 

Kngo«« c -.□ to shilt her ground 

ooCf ^ iulo higb phicc-i) ; whilf 

fift i»earcpi7 any oue wo iu>f«t, of our 
of a 1 >wer degree, who Una not wime 
'.in which an imphcit lH.'Licf 
'j supcrslilion h tlie un.tlter- 
j£. i liavt! myicU n story of Ibis 
rvpcat, at no very didUut day ; but 
__PCH«siiiime 1 confiuo the pr«s«ut Bub- 
!• rtttain d<taib of bultet aud obacr- 

Ijei ID* t^a with a Ritigiilnr account of a 
':>. iM Mf ^iv the A|>Ar(;ti»UB, of whom 
ion in the Dicti-'mnn.ire 
inn *le Pbinry, a soiue- 
MiU rattier r^marliHlilo Tolumv, 
rtian«, as their nnme implips, 
irn north. They are tranj*- 
>1, ftiid llietr feet are »s aharp 
ttkAtcn, a pociiliarity which 
> i;eL over the ground— or 
- 4bv ' 1 most trenieu'lous [Mce. 

^, but they wwir tlieiu 
^r. ii.i.. ,,i of the ehiti, 
■ licy may be 
, , hilt in its 
witii their teeth, 
II] each other, but 
They never go '.'ut of 
:<erha|)(( the icy eavfcru", 
tlicy dwell, lijive iH. divjrs), and the 
Liwo uf their race ia Ui«ured by 

drops of perwpinltioo, which congciU aud 
become Aiwirctiaas (a simple and natural 
process, when once the neceaaary fwrspiratioa 
la obtained). That all things tn the bahit^ of 
tbU people may be conformable, they worship 
a white boar. >L de Plancy'a authority 
dtatcii, that they are not ofleu met with,— 
whieU in probable. 

From the Pole to the Equritor ia a long 
atridc, but the local extl.-'ir ipri.iliJi-.-H sitml-ir 
elfecU. What the Apai . 

wanderers, the race c;ii ., 

the native inhabitants ut Ihjiikiu kikI .Suma- 
tra, with only the diflerciico between a ))jial 
and a proseut existence. The Tibnlnn^a are 
phaiitoma, which the altoriginea 1>elievu ther 
see hovering over the tops of certain very old 
tree?, in which they are per«na«Ied that the 
?ouU of tlietr RiiC6Htor« have taken no their 
alwdea. They ilescribe tliem aa of grt^iuic 
sitjitiire, with 1 "■ ' '■ Ml', small feet, |kttint«d 
bodies, and • 1 wings of cnormoiia 

sizv, — not V'L the Vampim bat, 

mauuitied by nuitemtitiouii dread. 

huiy there is no need to viait hyperUircaq 
re^ioniL or la voyage between the tropica in 
search >>f the praetenialunil, when a titeamer 
from Souihoinptou can take us in twelve 
hours to the coast of Brtitany ; where, if 
we carefully louk up the traditions of the iu- 
hnbiUints, we may tiud the means of fillitig a 
toterMbly large walU-t vrilli the malutiida 
whieti tmvellers aru oimmtinly snid lo dis- 
pense ao freely. Abunilout in all parLi of 
the ancient l>uchy, there ia no ditttrict ia 
wliich traditions are more deejily nxiivd limn 
In the department of Fiiiiat^re, — ao deeply, 
that it may be many ymant yet before they 
are iliffiKM-aeil by tlie railway whistle. In the 
canton^ siirrountling Morlaix, the popular 
l»L>tief ia strong in a race of demons called 
TeuA Ibey are of two kiiidx : one of them 
is called tlie Tona-ar-jwidiet,ftud the other the 
tiuguel No)i ; bothare of a benehceut tmture. 
The Teus ar-pouliet umially pn^enla himself 
uuiler the I'oi'in ufa dog, a cow, or nuiue other 
tionientic iiniiual, beioi; — 1 auppotw — unwil- 
ling tu alTright or luU.uiish Ute nntiven by 
A&3uming n t<:ss familiar abape, though 1 muat 
ct^iife^ iL would outouiith me very much to 
see a cow lUlcnipt to iron my 0hirtfi,orswe«p 
up the kitchen. Lik^* Milton's lubl»er-ii«*nd, 
however, or the Scottish browoic^ tbva 


% [JBlr4.ts.M 



ft'lc-iiilly hji'ti'It (locH ntl tho Itoiischfllil 
(!niili;try wheu everybmly « cone to Iwd — 
V' lr,.h is tlie leasvii, |icrli;x[ta, wliy the Eret-'U;es are the liirtiest in Eiiri»|ie. The 
atri'^ jco of tbo Bu^uel Nita, oti tlii> otlier 
lintj<], ax's rtti'lered out of iloors, aud tlio 
BlinjtB in which he lipfKrura is htininii, with 
tliiR peculi:\rity in lus sUtluiv, which id 
L'igitnLic, that it incroaaett ru Iio apiiruikrhcs. 
lie is only to hv st-fii wht-ru croM-ronda 
meet, bctu'e«u uiiiiui^ht aiuI two in the 
raoniinf^. Wht-n the belnted pensani calls 
Mj>oii i(im fur aiii, he couw* fnrth dreaaed 
in a long white mantle, which be throws 
over the anppliiuit; who, safe beneath ita 
foiils, llslenu to the UrriGc graliug of the 
wheals of the Devira chariot, aa it cnwhca 
along the highway, to the accompnniment of 
fearUtl shrieks and dismal howls ; or, it mny 
b« Uiftl hi- hid(*8 from the Carriguel-ar-ancou, 
or dcath-oart, which U cdvere-i with white 
cloth and drivtu furloualy by skeletons. 
SoiiuMiint-B in lonely ptncta, nt the fout of 
some M<;nhir (the lonir, unrigbt, Droitlical 
6ion?), thv pcauant t^mhlenly comes upon n 
jiarly of tliow uQenrtbly WABherwomen, the 
.ar-caiiuerrz-noR, or Siiii;ir8 of the Night; 
who compel him to Tnni&l them in wringing 
out Ihcir rhithi'ti, and woe betide him if be 
twibta the linen ditrwi-eutly from them, as at 
once they f:iH on bim and break butli hia 
arms. This iti not a country where FaUta^ 
would have liked to be a nigbt-walkcr ; for, 
eTcn paiticipation in the nmuaements of ita 
ptihlins ia compulaorv. There \n one par- 
ticular class of dwarfs, called Courila, or 
Puiilpiqiiuts, who iuIiaUt the Dolmens (the 
DruiiliL*al 6toni>8 arraug>^l in tabular form), 
and whose pleasure it is lo caper on the 
healb by mooaligbt, ponnco upon the way- 
laier, and oblige him to join in their danc**, 
never aufTeriny bim to atop until, overcome 
by fatiij'Uo, be falU to the grourid a cor]«e. 
Lesa malevolent Ihnn the Courila, ia tx family 
of dwarfs, about a foot high, who roam 
through tlio vast cavoma that lie beneath 
the ruins of the old cnstlo of Mprlnix, mak- 
ing music with their hammers on large 
ci'pjier IwiHins. These dwarfs are gold-digger«, 
who siiread their trerwuru in the aan to dry. 
The peasant who modt-atly extends his pnlra, 
receives fruni thym a handful of the prcciouii 
metal; but be who providcH liimKelr with a 
■nek, intending to fill it, ia cruelly beaten and 
driveu away. Treaaui-e-trovo in Jiriltany in 
»urr')uuded by many uncertain ties. In the 
district of Ijcsnaven, immense boards are 
guarded by demona, who take the shape, 
■ometimea of an old man or woman, some- 
times of a binck jiouille. Having discovered 
tlie locjdity — which ia equivalent: to catching ' 
vour bare — you roust silently make a deep 
bole in tlie ground ; the thunder will roar, 
th« lightning will llnabj meteors will shoot 
through the air; and, amidst the riot of the 
diseoKi.-int elements, you will hear the clank- 
ing of chains ; but, keep on undaunted heart. 

persevere in j-onr toil, and yon will at last 1 
rewardwl by discovering an tnornions lum| 
of cold, or silver. If jou chance lo utter I 
8tn<rle exclamation wlnle raising the trva&ur 
lo the surface, it ia all over with you : )(»inkl 
and is seen no more. On Palm SumUy 
durii^ the ringing of the !Mam, the demon 
are fni-ced to uiitke an exhibition of thei^ 
mttiUlic wealth, tliough they artfully dia 
piiso ita value under the appe.-t ranee 
leaves, atones, and bits of ooul. V'Ht yo 
are perfectly up to thia dodge; and, if you can 
succeed in sprinkling these objects niih holi 
water, or oven in touching them with so 
oUier eonwecrated thing, tfiey turn iuloj 
and you m.iy fill your jKickcta aa eulM 
tioualy aa if you were a Koyal British^ 

I know not whether the demon called Ja 
pant-e-lan (John and his firo) be rv 't - r 
fiend or not, hut there ia aomo pre 
the belief that be delights in >_-< 
treaiu re-seek era. It is bifl habit ' 
at night, ami spreading fortli t1 
gers of hie right hand, which 
torches, to whirl them round w 
cetvftble velocity, and run witli nil hi* 
speed, until beliogsthe unhappy wretch who 
fotluwa, and leaves him in iiiier darkii«M| 
amid fwreama of derisive langliier. 

In the neighbonrhood of Fl .hervj 

is still pr.ietiRed a species < i , thi 

future being predicted by W' 
cerera ; who ititerpret the 

aea and the rosh of the wav^ .... . 

upon the shore. These diviners ln'.i 
their knuea and worship the planet Vcou 
when ahe riaea, Othera r;u8e an altar 
sonie lonely apot an<] place on it serrr 
ttmall copiM;r coins which, when tl 
Mass is ended, they grind to dual, 
der, taken in a glass of wine, cider, or 
makes bim who drinks it invincible 
wreslllng-matcb or the mce; it iajust i 
that the liquur alune loight tmuwer tu#| 
purjMjtie. Mure puetical than draiii-dri| 
is the custotu of the niaidena of i'loug 
There is a small chapel in a field tfiat \ 
looks the coaat, whither they repair tA buj 
up their chorn tresses, a sacritice which ^ " 
make in the hope of securing the safe : 
of a sailor lover or the recovery of 
dear friend who ia sick. A difforent ou 
prevrdla at Crorzic where a high rock 
over the shore, the approach t 
gentle grasay slope. The '' 

country and (he uimiarried giii' "i 
selves in all their bravery, and with^ 
hair floating over their ehoutdent and mi 
with freshly-gathered flowers, ruah np 
slope, am), stretching out their arms, 
their eyoa to heaven, and sing in oboms : 

Sv»-U)i«, Ka-tncu ! 

ScDil Uack our IjaitModa ind Iotbts tme. 

(Clef'ani, gocUnt 1 

Bamunci-tioni nos msrii et oof amsiia^ 



Umir% >-»7. 

Ii* *rn-Tnrvr js » tini of Coo*! omri] to 

-' ' ^ iviBnt. ofHInpiaix. A innfill 

i'.;^ while, with nnl beak and 

»-; V ■. <i[Kit (III ittf liciir), iijipcnrs iu 

Ahil goes away Iij S<'(i'fnilier. Tlie 

" Its Arrival is cousidered the com- 

at of the BCJWTn of fine weather. 

_ etual cr/ »9 " l^uil ! quit ! quit ! " 

^nnfivni in Bns-bivtoti for •* Go I go ! 

The oonslAnt pmyee of the women on 

se eaoAls is for the anfety of their hu8- 

u4ri : at Itoscoff tliey have a practice of 

Dii' iiiw-l of the floly Union after 

1 they knerl down and blow 

u». Lii .'.: Jii>L>i:tiOD the boats luive ^uiie, 

hppbig by this liiorms to rnaure a Chvoiiring 

■ I'tbi island of Scin, whicit is 
lion of Cnpe Ibix, the doom 
ire never closed but when s 
-■i. W)i<<n ttie first wbiBtlhig 

< tc announces the storm U 

>rU and women cry : " SUnt the 

ly ! Littten to the Cricricn, the 

ui'l 'i.Il-'wa thfiii ! " These Crierien 

I I ; ■•■\ '. the flkeloton forms of Bhti>- 

!i, who, we»ry of beinc tossed to 

iiu oLi'rrny :itr, cnll eu^I^Hlly for 

.v(. (biinv;r^nif>, when the Inidy of * 

•>d nuui cannot be found,a U.^bted Lapt-r 

ia » loaf of l<rettd, wbieh U tht-n 

nod to the n«tn.';Uiijg ciirrt-nt ; whero 

'' bto^i^ they eii»ect to diw^over the 

o pc'ple UK more snperstiliouB thftn tlie 

itll that conoernfl the de:vl. In 

oi St. Pol de Le«jn, if ilie in- 

liiouu we u treailiii^; on the 

rtm iu the < >, Ihcy cnit out : 

Jkbft letewiu^:'!] ■. .1 itiinsnii," ht-^nilly : 

from alioec my dcnd ! " In the 

■v-* » IxMniiven th<^y never 

n'ttmi.*rLdy on ftceouiit 

o-a ot the BngucI Noa, 

MX Ihey believe tliat sweeiiini; brin;^3 
Tml that the movrnifnt of tiio 
lt.ititr)m the de:id who walk thrre. 
^y t2iAt on the eve of All Souls there 
ne dead tissfnibled in ivt-ry honsu 
i»^(» ar*? gmins of Kind on the 8<*a- 

■ !'• Jbr llieir want** oi«hl, 
I uitiliiti of p.'inLTike*. Thi.' 

.■ une(.']iullured itorul hns its 

*l (111 X\v9 coniiiMuiice ui tempc-Bts, At 

T tliiuit that storms never j»ul>- 

bodiea of tliixie who have bvcu 

CBui on etior''. Chi the ohtinci-s 

fIcAth, <iiey Uditive that twu 

.tt.irbrd to riieb h-iiwe, anil r-re- 

Uli'lh iinil mArn.4^c 

:itHa vrell ft4 th<> closing 

1 -, wt»en a child is taken (o 

»b«' 'f black bread is th»<l ronnd the e\m]\H that miuht 

ttirown upon It; Hnd at the 

n>.irrl>':e, it ia the custom at the same idiie 
that ahe should be pi'e9enle<l witli a liirge 
branch of Inurvl, loaded with »pp|t'», and 
onmnicntitd with ribbons; itt the urid of the 
branch <i live hird ia fMtenC'l by a ^Vfddinc; 
favour, ftnd on i-eacliing- thr churchyard w.iil 
the ribbon i« dvtaehed and the blnl Bol ai 
liberty. To remind a bride of her domcatie 
! dutit?!*, a cli-iLitr with some fliuc in presented 
, to her on the same occasion, and she spln-i it 
otf before sh«? tftkes any share intlio ft^Hlivities 
of the day. At SontJr two ta[>et« are lighted at 
the moment the marri»ge ceremony \a ended : 
one of them is net before the husliand, th« 
, other before the wife ; the ta[ter that bariia 
I the jialest, indicntes which of the two ia tu 
die first. At Kemcval there is a vitv odd 
ciiat<tm ; tbe bride on the night of her wed- 
ding ia supplied with nuts to aninse Iieraelf 
I with during the liours of darkness 1 While 
on the Aubjeet of marriage I ntiiy mention & 
very generally-reeeivwl superstition which is 
' not coutined to Brittany. The choice of the 
I fourth finger of the lefthnnd for the wedding 
ring arrtge from the belief that a nerve pro- 
ceeded fi-om it, winch communicated lUiectly 
j with Iha lo>art. it w»^ tbonc;hl that tlie 
I moment when the husband pliiced Ihw ring 
on his bride's finger, was lh*t which hnd the 
! a:reateat influence on their nflvr-livc-s. If 
! the ring stopped ou the finger IwlVtrw it 
j roache<l the first jobit, the wife would rule 
I the roaxt ; but, if V.t paaMid it on At'on<w t<i 
'its ri^ht place the niiislery reniaine*! with 
him. Some bri<les have been so imprtsAcd 
by thifl tmdiiion that they have made it d 
[H>int to crook thetr fourth firis;er at this 
' [»art of the marriage ceremony, so that the 
ring shall stick in the wny. 

Iu many part-t of Itritt.tny they keep a 
very watchful ey*; over ihe morals of the 
young women. The fimutdu of li-'dilis^near 
Landiridian, ia famous as an oidcal to teiit 
propriety of conduct. The pin which faatens 
the hubit-nhlrl' ia <lrop[><:N| into the walrr. 
And if it reachea the bottom with the point 
downwards, the gJr] is fn-etl fnim all si)» 
piciou ; if. on the contrary, it turns llic olht-r 
way and sinks head-forcuK^t, her re|iut.-iliun 
ia irn-lrievakily daiua^*d. 'I'he fountain of 
Uaruntou wilneait^ a more Itarmle^ui exiwri- 
luent, U ia one of thote springs wlii<-h boil 
up \vh»n A fnigment of in thrown in, 
and tlie children are in the habit of gathering 
round its brink, and sayiug to it aa they 
aloup over the water, ". Smile, foMnlain of 
Dtimuton^ lUid I will give you a ]iin I " 
Thore is scarcely a fountain in Brittany that 
ia nut coutseci'nted by »ime i-eti^iouK niouu- 
menu In times ofgreatdrongbt, the viliagei^ 
go to them in procession to pray for raia. 
Such an oocurrenee took place as Lite aa thr 
month of August, ei^dlI'-cu bandied and 
tliirty*five, when all the inhubitanM ol' Kon- 

'-' ' f The fairies* V.dleyb near Moutfort, 

.1 to [L netifhlKKiring fouiitaia v^vUv 
.-„..:. .^ ami croMei, eVumun^ inkaUfi^ea \a 

4 U>iy*.t*r.i 

norsEnoLD words^ 

(Ca»i«CT*< t 

tlie inriflic of (lit.' ■ ' 
who licndei thcjiiov 


tiippefl in the hoiy-wnlerbruBli.nml Bitrinklf!il 
the watiT nil -ti.- iTi. 1111(1. Wliat came of the 

Am- !. Breton Bupcnlitions, 

the ftiUuwiu^ m-'iv 1»l' cifetl : — llo ■who eatfl 
l\\ti henrt of an ov\, wnnn fi-om the bmly, la 
KuppoHvil to he at oucc eii-JowtHl with t]ie 
gift of inophecy. (If ihis were kuown on the 
liirf, hnvr many an Cfl-picman nii^ht win the 
PeriiY I) A iitan nrhoee liatr curlit iintiiriilly, 
in Buri', they say, to ho beloved by cveryboly 
(a very eervicedble btlief il'the m-groes coiiM 
liAvo the )>enefit *>f it tu the United SUtLea 
And etoewhere). Throu<Thuiit KinistC'i'o ihe 
jtcaiVMila make n point ot iiol eiiliti^ aihbnj^e 
ou Hitiiit 8te]ihuii a (Uy, becMise the proto- 
martyr ia said to have coitcealed hmiself 
from hie j>fniL>eutora iu » lield of ciihh.-igt's. 
They Hitp|.M>}'e tti:it if Viutter ia ollereil to S.-iiiil 
llcryfi (whnevcr ho may liavo heeii)i their 
cattle arc kUc from wolves, because the caiiit, 
tttrickeii with bliiiducsa, was oticc led alxiiit 
by a woU ; Omy :d»o enterUdn the ii<jti<tii 
that foX'.'A will ii«rL-r enter a henn>oat that 
is spriuUIed with the water in whieli pig'n 
diitU'rlin^'s have teeu b<.>)leiJ ; but it is not 
aet forth tliat any of the JtreUiu yatutn were 
ever reiiuukahly addicted to pig's chitter- 
liugti, ihough, wilhuul doubty some of them 

Divination, by all kinds of processes, is 
coiunioii lu Bnttaiiy. It ih accumpri.-ihed 
by fueana of needles ; — Kive-and-twenty 
new ne«dles are put into a plate ; "(rater 
is poured over them ; nnti, aa many needles 
KM enwa each tillier, no many are thediviner's 
cueniies. To know how lony ,t jmrsou will 
live, a 6g*Ienf is giithcrcd, uud the qiieiition 
uked iri written with thii linger upon it. If 
the leaf driea up quickly afterward, a 
■pecdy deiith cnKuea ; if alovly, then a 
long life. The mole, fainoua always for 
working in the diirk, lendshimself very much 
to the practice of divination, all sorts of ea^e 
iwuclusiohH bein<* tuFeried from the aapecl of 
his entraile. lie isnlso considered invuluable 
aa a itmedy in many jxirts of I'Vauce, where 
the uiie of Uio laule-fiod hiind ( la main 
taup^'e), ia which a ILve ui<do liad been 
aipiueEed to dentil, ia the na'diiini reBorted 
to : the slightest touch with this hand, while 
it ia yet w.-trm fium conlaot with the animal, 
curcH the tu(.ithache niid also the colic If the 
foot of a tuole in m ra)tf)cd in a laurel leaf 
and put into a hoitie'fl mouth, he iiumo- 
diately takes fright. There is a curious 
uiaunetic sympathy, apparently, between 
molea and horiies, for If a black borae be 
8|K)nged over with the water in which a niolc 
bus Iwen boiled, the beuvl wtlJ immediately 
turn white. There is also an allt".;ed hym- 
patliy l>ct\vecn men and Ikms, and in .some 
districts of Brittany it is believed thnt if the 
hai'd-worklng innt'^cui are not Informed of the 
Bveuta which interest their masteni, nothing 

-, and the curate, ' ffo^a riffht ofterwanU about the houw. Ifl 

lossed the spring. 1 M on this aeeount that when nny ■'"■• " 

family dies, tlie i»cu>«iiita fji*.ten a \ 
cloth to the hive, or a bit of red if n 
talccfl place. T\\e French, as we know, 
not first-rate sportsmwi — certain ilcvic** notf 
conirnoidy i»i'n*:liBed in Enyhuiil may tfaetv 
fure be allowed ihem in the pnr«'tit nf ^w* 
Tliufl, in thoBerrichon— tl 
says nothing nbotit it- 
mix the juice of henbane %v:i:: un: nu 
leveret, and haviu;; auoiuted their 
therewith, espect that all the haresli 
neixldx^urhood will lie attracted towards tfai 
wearer of the gaiters. 

The kingtishur i* heltl in fp^at ewttmatlea' 
in many iwirta uf France, ou aoeoont (vf 
tain HUppiided qualities. It is considers! 
be a natural weathercock, which, when hnn 
lip by tlift beiik, will tuni its breast to 
tpiarter whence the wind blows. The king- 
fisher is also anid to be emlowed with ihtr 
precious gitV of curichin}; il«i poss«<«3or, 
presen'iiit; harmony in familieti, and of 1 
j^Kirttng hcnitty to women who wear ji 
ft athci-8. The kingfisher's fi\me hitd traTcUi 
into Tart,try, where the inhabitants ahui 
ailore tlie bird. They eagerly<»ct 
plumage, anr), throwing the feather^ int-} 
vase of water, preserve those thnt fluiti 
believing that it is quite sulHcient ht a 
woman to touch one of them to ttirO:'? H«i 
lovu the wearer. A TarUu-, if h'- 
nate cnou^'h to own a kingliahci, 
preacrvea the Iwak, clawrt, and skn. 
ditA, and pats them in a pwno ; 
he carries these relics on his pei^ou, u 
secure again-iit any misfortune. 

ifonie of the preceding Bn|>r..--ii. ;....- Hivfj 
prolKvhly, become niei-ely tni . 
the latter cl.iss we must ns..' 
the good traveller's wa' 
do bun voyaj,'eur), the w. 
which, and the mnimer uf its cunst- 
are dcseribed aa follows in the Seci 
veilleus: du iVtit Albert :— *' Take," 
necromantic teacher, **» thick and 
bruneh of 'elder, and after extraeti 
pith, put a ferrule at one uiit. Then 
tute for th'! pith the eyes of - 
the tongue aud the heart orn <i 
lizards, and the hearts of tlu - 
of them reduced to powder b^ 
suu " (a frairrnnt process) 
pnpprs sprinkled with si«lt)>etre. On tl 
of thia jKiwdcr. place seven leaves of 
gathered on the eve of Saint ,1uhn the 
tist, together with a stone of divrm coloQi 
which is fi'Und iu the ne»t of the lapwli 
and put whatever kind of knob to the stai 
that you fiinoy. You may then rest 
that this stick will not only pi 
from rubbers, mad dogs, wild hcnatfl, 
gera of all Mtits, but also procure you n gi 
su])por and a night's lodgln-/ wherever 
choose to Ktop." Such a wnlking-slick 
have lieeu of iuGuile service to the 



Cr>iT 4, w»M 5 

■r, of wliom tlie Sieur Soviet (ad old ae- \ 

U'lUrt *U|r.;(," ill bU 

fs, 'I'hii . • tl>e 

MiiL- .'i those Imp-iLMi'.-'i in.M.'.ini- 

I (or UiiTirs brat)— the n.-iturnl i-hild of 

JO , ,-, ,..r,> ■■> ;. J..'i,,.,,s, the Iiiriil)us 


__kV : - uursca dr)- and 

Ti ^y HHjr chmice, get* Iiit, 'J'Jio beggftr, 

I llie iiup lu liin arms, lUA^e lii^ :«{>|>ear- 

ono iln} iu a certain to\in in UatHctA, 

[ flMffio^l 5o much eucumWred by bia 

et!, in L'Ui^^lejivoutiiig to {^^t■^i iidtjep itirenni 

nil (lii-oii;thll)t*pl:ici>, tlmta ji;t'iitlem!LQ 

i»n<liuck, wlio w;us )>.uisii)g hy, uiok coiu- 

ou ou liiiii will ut!"iio(l to couvoy the 

ACroHM. Ue uccot'diu^ly set, it ou liift 

And lihiii^tx] into ihe KliCAni ; 1ml Llie 

deiuou viAi BO heavy tlml tlie iiiiiuiul 

aoil the cuTnli«r luivl to Atvim for liis 

A (tlit'it tliii<N aflt:rwar<l«, tlic WggAr, 

[had nut uwuy oa witnessiug tliia citaa- 

p»-ir ng cai'tui'L'il, Mvi ho acknowletl^Nl 

liiKt wiw a C'anibioi), and liad lj«eii 

bI t« liiiti iu hiscalliug, aud turued 

linda towards alma-giving^. What 

Uic Caiiibiuii is iiat htatird, Iml I 

be Ufg^ar waa burnt. Thest- heavy 

Blfl are the aujuo as tbu Gcruiau 

uder, the cUaiigL-Uugs of the old 

utioti of almii^ving recalUa BOioe- 
KorouB Rlory ol luodt-rn dntc, where a 
Jiporluiie iiiirairle wjia wr>nj;!it. The 
fti)»u French missionary, l'*.ith>.*r JJii- 
iVaa always poor, fur tlitt feimjile rt;aaoQ 
kavu nway ewrytliin^ he had. One 
be jutked for a nintil's lul^luj; of the 
' a villa^L- ihrough which he passvd, 
worthy man liuvin-^ mdy ouy \tvi\, 
with llhu, At ilIi^l>rt;:Lk l-'athiT 
jrow, aociirdin^ to cu.-t"iii, and wtnt 
iprmyereal ihu ut'i^-Ul'U'triuojdiurcli. 
from Uiiu bacrtfd duty he met a 
f.who a*kdd an alms. " AI:ui, my 
have nuthing ! " K.iitl iht! gucnl 
ItaDic-dty putLtiig hiii hand tii hid 
'*^el, when', to Ida astoniiiliment, 
BCiliiug tiard «-raj<p(Kl up m 
, be knew Jte lu&'i iK't It^ft there, 
• opcoi^d the \nn>or, and aetjng four 
*~t<"^^l ^***- ^^'-^^ '^ *'-^ ^ miracle ! 
money to the ht-^-gar, and has- 
ehuFch to return thjujk* to 
ale ioou after wrived ihere, 
)ri^Uiue related the luiracte nilh 
4t uncliuu; the curate turnod i».ile, 
ftod in hiji pookel, nud in an infant 
that Father tirldalne, Iu getliu;; 
J dark, had takon the wrong |uir ut 
I; he had perfoi'iued ft xairaA'*e with 

r'a crowns I 

, pfdud rather more remote, S.iiut 

IlUhi'p of Ijcaiuiyon. wai ono day 

ne iu I' " ' . \*ht?u he ract wiib a 

lEi(i, 11 , whn Ikoftstc'l to the 

UwL lit: uMi jtiib beea cutumlulug 

Bome sad mlstihief Iu cue of llw cliufclKis Ai 

**C'omc here, yoa aUvA of Snlati/* ex- 
claimed Saint Autiilc, *' mid kiivel down ! ** 

Tho demon obeyed, phieed him^eU on oll- 
foiirn, and the saiiil, getting /i-tM i- ..' his 
buck, ordt'red hiiu to lly olt' ii to 

l(ome. Arrived thei'e, the biah , , jry- 

thing to rights iu the <IUapidated ciuu'ch, aud 
then returned to hi« dtoee«e by the eaiue 
uonvoyance: not forgetting, liowevcr, u he 
diionuuntcd, to bestow & lu-aity kick on the 
demon, which ttifut him howlii^ hack to Lha 
uubtisjful regions. 

There arc many »imUar atoriea relatud 
of demons who have been serviceable to 
mortal masters ; geuendty speaking, how- 
ever, nmiinsl the };iaiii. Of iiu: uio«t 
usual kuid w»s the FamiliArf wlio wiui 
always al hand. i>)diu rcinies tliat about 
two ycitra before he pul'liblied Itia De- 
monomania (-iLo, Taria, J.*»b7J, there Moa 
a, iiobUmnn at Villari-CoateretB, who had 
one of these iin[Hi ci>ufiuul in u ring, 
which he hod at hiseomnuinif, to du whitt he 

f>I eased with, and treat exactly like a slave ; 
inving liuughl, it at a very high price fruin a 
Spauiaj*d« F>ut, the nobleman, aa uotumonly 
happened, came to jjiief through thi* Fami- 
liar, for the spiiit u*h» )H/avesded with uu iit* 
vincible habit of telling lie«, and on one occa- 
sion, being vtry much eiir»ged, ttie nobleman 
threw hid ring intn the itrv^ thinking thereby 
to burn the deniuu ; it wa-s however, tJie 
creature's native clement, it released him 
fraui thraldom, raid the demon theieupou 
tuj'uienled his furiucr masler, until he diov« 
lum mad. The witch's Familiar was almost 
invariably a toa>l, but a frog was made to 
ligtii-ein that ai|ttC'ity only a {ew yea I'd ago 
with Very falitl euiiseonetieea. The liisttoty of 
the occuriciteo is a tad exajiiplc of the eir>-cta 
of superstitious fear. It hapjiened in the 
commune of Bu^sy-cn-Oth, in the deimrtment 
of the Aube, tn Kratice, in the ye:ir eighteen 
hundred and fui-ty-one. A young in.'ui of that 
villaie had been paisiug the day enjoying the 
very i'Vcnch amusenieut of fishing for fiogs. 
lie had caught a great many, and placed 
Uiem uWva in a l>:)g. On his way home lie 
saw A ikcasant walking slowly on the road 
Wfore tdm, tiio laige half-<ip«u pocket of 
whose waistcoat invited the liaheruian to 
the iM'i-|>etration of a practical joke. Ao- 
cordin;;ty, as he fxvaicd the peasant, he 
luatiaj^eit, utipcrcrivcd, to slip ouu of the 
li'^t^s into bis pocket. The peaci.iut iinsu** 
pectingly walked on, reached his cottage, 
aud, tiled With the laboui j of tlie day, soon 
afterwards went to re^t, throwing biii clothes 
ss usual on his l«d. In the middle of tjie 
night, .lacifuemiu — that was the pi^uant's 
uami^— was uwakcnud by feeling something 
cold fiiiwling over his face, and uttering 

indistinct cries; it w.'\'S of course, ihe Iro] 
tUitt had crept tmii-tfifui^iiueiMiu's |fOclii>t,)iii 
luul |uiused ou its juuiruey Ui CKoil&. lftc^\M- 

6 iJfcir *. I-*:' 





OiTii, wIkj wna of an oxct'e-iiitnty liiDoniiie 
piituie, ]i%y as atill as tlontli til) liis DOtituriinl 
vinlor (Jepcxted. notlitng doabling that lie 
bad l>&fD v1«itvii hy a itpirit. 

TIic Buiii'd character for Biinplicity wn.'* no 
gi-ii'THlly known U».it jmople were ulwnys 
j'li' i.^ upoD liiiu, anil on the verjr 

u ■ : after the precetHn" visllAthm 

uOri oi hi- fiiriitla rjime iittn ntfl coltn^'c, 
nntl tol>) him Uiat hia old uncle, who liv&j 
al Sena, had just dud, and Advia«il him tu 
act off and 4'laim hia shsire of the inheritance. 
Jaciiieniin, on hunrin^f this uewa, made im 
more ado, hut at once sot out witli hia wifo 
for Sons, (listnnt eight It^ngnt-a from wli^rc 
bo livttd. Arriv«rl jit the huuae of the sup- 
rroAcd deceased, the first person he saw was 
his nude ^iltin^ in hu ariu-chatr. Any- 
l»ody eliiv would have perceive^l that he hnd 
been dnyfetJ, but this poor fellow, tlrndy 
licUeviim that his uiide was dead, was sciri^ed 
with auddeu terror, and drngqiu^ his xvit'e 
out of thu hounf, net off again to Bussy, 
without Ljiving^inic for a won) of exjtlana- 
tion. In the ineantiiue the froj; had not 
iiUiudofivd his cottage, hut liad talceu i-ofuj(e 
iu ft hoje in (lie fluoriiip, from wheni.-t% 
every now and then it utlert-Ml dismal crnalts. 
Juci(ueniin, convinced that he lind seen his 
uncle's ghost, fancied that llnse noises were 
made by the spirit, and the agony he un- 
derwent became Inauppnrtnble. A prey to the 
direst fear, Jacquemin, at last, hiini,' himself 
one mnniitii; in Ida )inyloft. Dii t)ie follnw- 
ihjj day, hia wife, despuiiinj; for the I'tsn of 
her husband, lltrew herself into a pond, and 
was fimitd dro\vne^l,^-a double «utciUti cauied 
by nu imbecile aupenlition. 


It is nol only Scrub, in the eorneiiy, who siys. 
" I believe they tilked of me, for they laughed 
oonsuniedly." Scrub in the club a&ys the 
same ; and in thedi-awiitg-room ; ay, and in 
tlie cliure}!. There is nowhere where Scrub 
isn't |>erpetunlly on the wateli, for the faint- 
ent sound of Inugliter. in order to nliow \iU 
logical flhnrpn«aw and prove htiiit !ie, Scrub, U 
the subject of conversation. Nor dooa it 
need laughter to attract bis notice. Jlis-iing 
would do Just im well. Ewu silence Iiaa its 
■tinga. **'l'hey must be thiuls^ini^ of me," he 
thiiuca, " th^y ?ay so little." "They must be 
trying to spite me,— they look so happy." 
"Shu must Ije utterly forgetful of me, — she 
smiles so sweetly," Scrub, iu ehort, is a di«- 
guirting fellow, whom all of ua meet fifty 
limes a day — apt lo take oflence at imaginary 
neglect, attribnling false tuotives ti> Iho most 
reasonable aolions ; egotistii', t^xacting, self- 
tormenting — a prose OtlieUo, wlioee lagois 
his own insutTerable vanity, which makes him 
the victim of jealousy nud suspicion, and 
who is only prevented from having a real 
l»u9 li-mona by never having had nuiuly con- 
lidenco euuugh lu any of Kve's daughtera to 

confor ou her the inestimable honour of bear- 
ing hia name. A happy eseai^e for Eve's 
daitgliler, as yon will fiud if you iwruse the] 
following lines, which I liope will be seri- 
ously laii) to lieart by any of her QamerooB^ 
sisters who are about to marry Sorulje. 

I)eUmour Wormwood, the chief of ttiis' 
di^tin}^uiH)Ied fiimily, was en^ged to PliiUis 
I>niByfield, with ht^ own enure approb'ttioo. 
She was tlie i>eutl<^Ht and simplest of her sax ; 
very beautiful and very yown-j ; never 
lau;;he'l unneecssarily, though she had the j 
r*>(lde8t lipa and whill'sl teeth iu iheworhl;] 
and, Ihnrefore, Delamnur never suspected she I 
vriv* talking disrespectfully of him. And,! 
indeed, she was ao tender-hearted, M>d W j 
modo<t, and l>elieving, ahe never «i>oke dis-j 
resjieclfully of anybody. She thongltt Dclft-^j 
mour very hand^tme, and iu ttiis she wu jM* 
nUo;;et)icr niistakeu ; ahe believed a great 
part of the vow» of ntlaoliment he luade t» 
Iter, and in this she was ridiculously wma», 
fi.M* aiiKMig the vows was one of complete I 
confidence and unbounded truaC As he uM 
the words he watched the exprtsatuu of btt-j 

** Vou don't believe me," he said. 

*'0h, yes, I do. What iuten.^t ukn jrOBJ 
have in aaying so, if yo« don't (eel so ! " 

" But your eyes are inexprt-«siv*^ y*"* 
mouth is closed, your cheeks arc neiilrtfi 
' flushctl nor pale. I should like to Me yevj 
mon* agitated.*' 

** Oh, so I sliould be,** aaid the innnoeat] 
Phillia, "if I did not beliove you. Bat m| 
it is, why should I change my onjin 
tufika t " 

** Well, there may be something io tliat,**] 
said Uvlamour; but, still he was not perfMt(f| 
pleased with the geotle PhiUis'e selA] 


I'hillis livwl with her aunt at Tiii:»tleii«l«, ! 
iu llcrtfordshiro, and had only a brother wh»j 
could have wiy tight to interfere with her] 
proc-eetlings. He was a gallant lieuteurml ial 
tlie Hlazin;^ Hussar:^ and vvasstiitioned bq &ti 
away that it liad not been tii><iiL;ht wortkl 
while to (trik his con^eut to his si:<tei-'8becoflhl 
icig Mrs. Wormwoo-I. Besides, he w»» 
coming home, and the wedding was Dot ift'i 
tendeu for at a year. 

Delamour, radiant >rith delight, got !■ 
the railway-carriage to visit Nlrs, Ugletou. 
This was tlie name of PhiUiii's nuut ; and a 
the train stoppeil at Ne<ldith<iri>e, the enrapg' 
tured lover siepiMid upon llio plat ("mtn aotf 
ordered n fly tor Thiattmlnle. While 
wjdteil for the vehicle, he wtilkmi to 
fro in deep nirditation on his ow' 
tiona, anil took no notice of two otl: 
men who hud ap]>areutly arrived b_^ u.. -i 
train : twu pleiuiant-viiaged, loud-voie 
nulitary-lookiuj^ men, swinging their cane 
or switching their lower integumenlsi^ «8 
the habit of Knglish cavaliera. 

" Ho, ha ! " Inughed one, enntiiininj* a « 
yersatiuu which had been iulerrujtted b/ : 


ftnivjil ; " T ocT^r saw SDch a spoou^'-looiuDg 
ttttb ii( aII fiiy life." 

'A R^^fuLfti- {iumfs" retiietl the otlier. 
iJcliunbtir's attuatiou wna nttrAcU<]. 
|SfM>ofi>!" he thought, "Mitoh — pump! 
Thkt are the follows t^dking of?* 

I believe the liooby thinkfl he 

I eori<]ueiit of out! of ilie pfonictst 

eoutiiiiieil llie fitiit ii|jeAker. 

AhcT, who WAS not cloqaout, 

> ha ! — wliat a muff ! " 

Gvi'T^c^ this wuu't do," thought 

** I'll let the puppica know X 

rUiem.'' Sosayiug.hi; cuiighcUsolotiJ 

I llutl it»outi<lcii suiuclhiu^ likt a cix>vr 

vncc. Mill k>ul:t4i) at the uticuuseious 

u if ho u'uhcii to muiiiilt thvm 

■poL A policetiuiu, huut-viir, came 

~ die bookuig-ufliae and cliauged the 

(ID your guanl, gentlc- 

, t..- . . ,-iiJtta a-idresaiiig the two 

toea who bad excited iJulaiuour^a 

*' cue of the LoqiIuu 8W«U-uiob came 

last train, and ia perliape lurking 

fiheuds iftfltitictively looked at the only 

_ ersou on the phitform ; but, seeing 

a v»ry ytwd-looj^ing, welNln-aned geii- 

they ri'.HUiued their couver-^ation, 

*he puliceiQ:in fur his «"ia'niii;i. 

. t thrown away vn ihuurii- 

<.<<.MVfiii. He vented hix rage oil 


Ulu't you give the uotiee aluo to 

Bquirml in a very titter tone. '*! 

Iilcd w\iai tht- two companions 

irithio eur-ihot, *' that the ttWL'U- 

Btlv j^o iti CDUptes," so sajing he 

ucioits eyes on the cuunteuauees 

*aud generally pretend to be 

f ucu." 

I «e«m to be np to their Jodgea pretty 

id th<! j^uardian of the laW:}, who waj 

at the tone aud inanui-r of Wurni- 

fcss, "Vou can, p€rha[*, be ou 

a-^iiiuHt tlktiin, uillioiit telling, as 

tu till ii- trick*." Aud puUing 

: n half sheet of paper, 

I- : with great atteutiou, 

anirry gla.nv'vA fjium luue to time on 

|i;:;r!riti( l>cl:uiiour. Hia |>alience ooutd 

r. He went up to the (uaii 

inaoltiut caititT I Qow dare 

hua iiic by finch conduct 1 How dare 

'itk tuea thief } " 

iX «it', — l«axtway«, I never told you 

|i^i** aaid the man, ai]tazc>l. 

1 ' ' ' descrrpttOQ of a 

r.ici fruni the Hue 

ifuour, '^ meaauriu^ 

(area, uutiog the colour of uiy ojres, 

_ " I of lay hair I— I will report you to 

upvriurs— you lihall be tuniLtl out of 

koorpa if it COttta me n thousand 
■ ^^^ i» 

)r. MW, — what Laa the man doua t ** . 

said una of the gentlemen, arrested by the 

'^CojiYing the example ofgi OSS inipuitjuooee 
set him by you aud your frienii," rcpLied 
"VV'onuwood. 4 

Tlie fme manner of the gay stnth^ier la- 

atautly disappeared. He »p ': : ' ? 

like ft man. "Vou are eitl.L 
mistake," he saiJ, "or are d. ^.li..., 
a quarrel with people who iie\< 

you. I desire to know what is tli^ ^ 

of your language." 

" Didn't you call me a pump, a few miuulee 
ago, — a fepoony anoli^ — a muff ? " 

" I hadn't the honour of t^ing aware of 
such an iudivi>tuara existence," replied Uie 
gunlleniiiii, "juid certainly newr hMiioareJ 
you by maJtiug you the subject of my cuuver- 

" Then I'm exceedingly sorry if, in tlie 
heat of the moment ' 

"There id uo need of sorrow," aatd the 
stranger, smiling, "and still lesj for ht.Mt. 1 
should be inclined to be more exjictiii;^ if I 
ttiought you wtfie a );entlenfan ; but, after 
your altercation with the policeman, I take 
DO notice of what you say. tjuixi niojniug." 

" Here's the paper I was vrading, nir,** 
K&id the " my iustructioua fur the 
liigga-^e-vaii by next train. Aud now what 
ha\ e you got to say t ** 

l>clanionr was in sudi fierce wrath at the 
two young ofHcers who had just step]>e(l into 
thvir fly, that he could say uulluug to the 
Iritiniphaut cunsLihle. 

•* W hu are thoae vulgar fellows in the car- 
riage V he cried, hoping to be overheard by 
the objects of his quediiou. ** If I knuw the 
coxeumlis* namca, they should fUisvvur for 
their behaviuur." 

" They're Cajttain Harleigh aud auuther 
officer of the tj"^"'^'' l^hutera. You can 
liud *em at the barracks, e;isy," said the 
policeman, with a malicious grin. *' Llul I 
advisu you to be quiet, if you want to keep 
A whole bone in your body." 

Deiamour gul[K-d the information, and the 
iiwult. The uauiL' of the Queen's Ulazcni 
had struck him dumb. Phillis's brother was 
a lieutenant in thiit ferocious regiment, and 
if he was told of hia aljciurd behaviour, of his 
quickiiesii iu taking oti'cuce, bin uni^ovurnabld 
t^'mper, what wouhl ho say 1 In rfcrled 
ailciice he took his seat iu the fly woea it 
drew up, and placed halfa-sovcreigu iu the 
|>oliceman'd hand. With a. cAulioui look to 
see that his inspector was not on the wulcli, 
the policeman [wckeied the money, aud said, 
OS tlie fly moved nff, "Don't be afriiid. 1 
won't tell the captain where you l>e guuc, or 
you'd get aa good a kicking as e'er you had 
iu your life." 

If a look could have stranglod the good- 
ualuretl jM>licemaii, B 30 would tmve been a 
de:ul man. As it was, it was a nmrdurous 
glance thrown a^'ay, and I>elaniuur purnueJ 
hia way through country liUiCA and wreathing 



8 [Joiy «. mro 





lif'l towimla tbe retiiJcnca of lus 

^N bun 111! larive"! at Ihe Hull, lie expected 
to find liL*r VII tlm lawrj. 'V\'li(rti liu wns 
osliercct iulo the )M>ii5t>, he • '•> 6ii<) 

her ill the drawiii^'-rimin. N' i limi : 

goDO nut, ha v/UA t<(Kl, aik] ^i>t.- L - ulso ; 

but tliey had both left wonl Uiey woiiM soon 
be back. 

*• Wfts I espected at IbW hour, do yon 
know 1 " &&id UelAroour to the footiiiui. 

Tliat ftiuclionnrv wa.i new to the ealaUish- 
laent, mid wu not acquaiut«d vith Mr. 
Wripmwrxxr* Mrsoii. 

** Didn't a lett«;r come this morning by 
posit" lie iuqtiired ; "from Lonrloii-^piuk 
envelope— I'ed fw;i1— coat of fimia T " 

** Yes," replied the iiinn ; *" fntm the bair- 
dresifer waau't itT" he inquire. I, a little 
doubtful, bnt not ver>-» a« to -wbyther Mr. 
Trut'fit'rt rt'jirfseiit.'ilive 6t«K>d before him. 

"What do you rueaii?" exdaiiiifd l>cla- 
triour, "you jnaulting ncoundrel I I'm Mr. 
Wormwood, and wrote to aDOOunoe my 

" I humbly beg your pnnlon. sir; but Miss 
Pbilliti dirJii't nieulion nulwdy but the barlter, 
and of course, air, you see — but I'm very 
sorry, T omufp you, sir, and I hope yon won't 
tdliido to the mistake." 

UeUntuur left, ihe hoaso and pursued hia 
way through the park. At the side of an 
ornAmoiital sheet of water, beyond a rising 
knoll, he aaw his ndortjtl Hiilliti. Hhe had a 

ook iu her band and a round hut on her 
I, tnslefuUy ornamented with flowers of 
own ^atheriug. A cloee-Qlling dress 
revealed tlie niatchlefts symiiielry of ht;r 
figure ; her petticoats were very tthort, and 
her feet the Bnialleat and preitieit in the 
world, The ehephertleas smiled when she 
■aw bi-r lover, and bluslied at being detected 
in her festival attire. 

* It is so pleasant to watch the Bheep ! " she 
said. **Oh ! how I wish I had lived in the 
^ays of rustic simplicities, when everylwrly 
I so kiud and itmoceut. It must have 
u charming to fold ua the fli>ek when the 
hot sun began to descend, and then to assem- 
ble for a dauce upon the grass — no etiquette, 
no dntwing-room false reliiieiueut," 

"And Strephon ?" inquired l.)elamour with 
A cloud begiuning to darken his brow. 

" Oh ! he would have been Bome gentle 
Tillsger, — some neighlxjiiring farmer's son, 
aoft'Vaiced and musical ; fur, of coume^ he 
would have sung, and pUyed delightfully on 
his oat^n reed." 

** You know, I auppnae. Miss Oaiayfield^ 
that I aeither play nor sing ; and, to tell you 
the truth, I despise any one who does 

" But I am only painting % fancy scene,** 
nepliod Phillts, alarme<l at the sharpness of 
his t"ne. "You dido't think I was serious, 
Delamour 1 1 was a kind of actretu for the 
time, And thought I would spc^ik iu chaniuter." 

Bo saying she threw awav the crook and took 
the wi-eaUi from her littV* straw-hut ; "ami 
now," she eoutinuerl, taking hia arm 
turning homeward, " I will be as steady j 
Hcntiible SB you ploase. Let us go iu antll 
my auut" 

Delnmonr brooded ovpr •'"> '■'■'^'■'•n-^ p-irt 
of the cnnvenialion. Hf > liu» 

slon to Strephou, northe ra, - M- :_. . r' ;■* 
and singing. 

''The girl can*t be altogetber devoted t« 
me, or she wouldn't talk such bonsensv about 
dant^ing with shephenla on the grass. I mm 
no shepherd, and she knows thut very veil.'' 

The aunt received them at the do4)r. 

" The post," a)ie said to lliillis, "hssJuM 
brought me a letter from your brother. He 
has been uncxpcctedlv ordered to join lib 
liead-Qiurtei*^, at Keddithorpe, and arrived 
there fiuit iiight." 

*< Oh ! I'm so delighted 1 ** exclaimed 
PhilUrt. *' Dear Kdwnnl I when duos ks 
come to sec us } Oh 1 let as go to s«* hliD 
at once ! " 

" He promises to be here to-mnrrow," f^ 
Mrs. Ogletou in a cold tone, " and I ^hoold 
like to see Mr. Wormwood for a fev minatas 

Mr. Wormwood had just resolved to aA 
Fhiliis why she was in fluch rtipture aWul 
tho return of her brother. Wii^n't hi% bsr 
lover, by her side 1 and yet she w-«h'-d to 
start away from him ! llut he followed .' ~ 
Ogleton into the drawing-room, and 
SAW. there was something wrung, bat < 
not ttUl wliat. 

" The letter from Edward Daisy 
began the lady, " is exceedingly unple 
He Udl.^ me that he Iiila lung prouiiso 
hand of his sister to one of his bi-otber of] 
and he has received with great diaiqjprob 
my announcement of vour engagement.'* i 

** Iude«il 1 " eaid Pelamour, '* and 
What has he or auy popinjay iu the 
to say againsi me 1 '* 

**0h, nothing against you," i-.'i>;'.-r 
latly ; " for he never heani • 
All he says ia,he prefer* Ciptnit 
refuses his consent to your auit." 

"And does I'hillis agree witli him t* 
iiiqitiru<l Mr, Wormwood. 

" I have this moment got tlie Wtter,** j 
replied the lady, "and ^be Ic: ^'^ 

about it. I liave giren my ap; »<• J 

aware, Mr. Wormwood; but in:- .ic^i-iutjjt j 
8unpo«^ will lie with PhiUis herself." 

''It is a Itbtte too late, I should ''""l 
make it a matter of choice," said 1 > 
bitterly. *' I have announced my aup: 
marriugo to alt my friends, and I w>m't be ' 
ma<le a fool of, by either brother or ^tiaior.^ 
Why, the world would laiigh at uie, and X 
am Ufit a man to bo Uughed at with 

" I never heard of Captain Belford,** «fiid 
PhiUis, when she was informei' 

tUer*s eptstJe. 

d of hsr bro* ' 
" I will have nothing to aay 

I fflHiii O 


lJ»if I. »*i.i 9 

IhinXf anJ Tm Biire, I'flward ouly requirca 
kui>w vnn ftj well ai 1 Jo, to »«a thtil I 

lu' I Y Willi Miy oue elac." 

' fi you luAke me hajtpicr than 

vi M kind Rnd truatiug — " 
:>tid Delatnour looked 

jh» &n<I open and unstia 

, ] .(^rL-...,n,l 

ll'w V: 

1^0 r 



rin the Io\*er*s brow — 

^1 Im pt-BHl iH'.-ntlu with 

L ir|i all ihc Blnzers, Tor 

( liiey am iho most genllcmaDly ffltowx 

Kortd. It will be no pletMaiit wlieu he 

otiifl of them hero!" 

m he won't. fora more dJBgtiatJng »t 

iKo^i pii|'piM but, pmy, fexcuse 

_rr-«t riitUifl, your i«9iiraii<.v uf affco- 
itU I requirv, ami I laueh ul the 
jou9 of a whole rejjimcnt of ilt^lfypda ; 
koomo wheiiover they liKc." 
^tlcli^htcd with iho lmiu.parcnt 
'>f IiLd airtlcas I'hiUiii, 
<u moi*« aiitiafied 
111 ever. Hut on 
.. three days at leomK to 
tint ho must Clime to 
Im rival. 
ry for liJAaelf-re^pocl that he 
tiiat gentleman how Ihoroui^lily 
hlro, ftiul accov<lin»ly he wrote 
- ' r.-r to the (li.tliiiguished IJla- 
nit to send it to the post^ 
I. eutcred willi a card, aud 
man u iu the h:UL" nx. the enrd, aud «aw 
n^mi tbcreou tii« oiuno of '*ibpl:uu Bol- 
j ** 

p»fi4io« him in" he Mi-l, MiJ pre|iare.l for 

Titer*? was LO Ijattle in the iiv:e or 

^ilor, howyvcr. Fnir, houesl, 

i-i becomes perfect health 

1* of ng*, tho 

' ho entereil. 

.|.ii-.. ... ".0 mo here, Mr. 

Vtfixl,'* ho s.thl ; *• but tho fact is, I 
^it to come to nn explnnAlioii." 
ivhitt 1 wished, air," told Dola- 
' 1,'n I'p--. 

I>aiay5cl.l" he con- 

triijg in liis esiiiaato 

bwita. He wished me, of 

-know, to offer my hand to his 

' .-r two days 

—very pure, 

^iiii.ii. Qiju id ii-i .iiin. IS nob, 1 

ui h'fii'eM, if she ptease« tho old 

.1 .■' -.. .1' I. hiuibAod. I dare 

Lb tlie favour of 

me to make on 

ou her heart ; but — I am uot 

t^_-I rf^v'^ nil claim inio your 

you win make 

1 litiaerre it more. 



could recoroi: fruia 

hia stirprlMe, tho vUilor was gouo- " Kufor* 
I Imd time to cnll him to order for Ids 
behavionr at Nedciithorpo, for he is Uarleigh'a 
companion," he muileretl ; "aud jet he i« 
a lino fellnw^open— noble— and very liauJ- 
S'.uiie. Why has he surrenilcrcd his chnnoo 
of Phillia ? He nilmirvs her beauty, her 
cUnrricter, and knowa she U to ba^'o a 

fortune — liovr kind ! But is it not rather 

stranL^? Why U he so abaunUy friendly ? 
Ah I — And here fur an hour he nank into a 
tit of moBing. " Cun he have heard any- 
thing about Phillis 1 Is there a vulvar 
.Strephou after all. with Lis dta^usling plpo 1 
I don't like this/' And he smiled as he 
went out — (wrhapB he laughed when ho 
reached the street, " He rcjeeta her. There 
niui^t be a reason" — And here ho mused 

At the end of three hours* r '"' "' fi. ho 
packed up all his tfttjH, sui)pli- ^vith 

circular notes, took out hi--, i... -^j .*>., mid 
went, sulking, gloomy, and quarrdlin;:j, 
through Fnuice aud Italy for Ihtve years. 
At the end of tftat tiiao he uamc home, 
Ou lauding at Southamptoa he enw-a face 
be knew. Curiosity aa to what had be- 
come of Fliillis, induced h-.m to speak. He 
went np and held out his liaud. ** Captain 
Belf./ttl," he klU. **I fear you have tor- 
golton mo." 

**0h, not at a]],^ replied the gentleman; 
**yon arc Mr. Wormwiwd, — bnt I am not 
CapUiinBelford; lam>fe.l D.ii^vlicM.PhiUis's 
brother. 1 cnlh'd on yttu, utul jirel«nded to 
be Uclford ; it waa only to try you, forroilUs 
had written you were of a tour, auMpicioua 
dispoeitiou ; but ^he ditlu't wish to utfeud 
ht>r atmt, wlio supported your cause. The 
bait took. You thiju;:;ht somethini; most be 
\rrtin^, — »'>mtf trick iuiendi-'d agiinet your- 
Kidf, — and gave j»oor Phillia up^ without 
cimdcsceDding to a^iij^ any reason. Cliailej 
Uelfurd ntcpi in. In a forlnighl Phillii was 
quilo reconciIf--# to my choieti. They have 

b<:«n miirricil more tlmn two yean and 

I hnve the honour to wish ^oa a remarkably 
good day." 


Amnt all, in many of onr modem loeiat Im- 
provcment^ we do but go back to the wigflotii 
of ouranceatora : wedonut deserve thu wholu 
merit of invention. In certain sanitary prac- 
ticejt, fur instaucei, the ancients were faitlier 
advanced than we are at present — intinitely 
farther than we have been until quite lately. 
Take the fpicstioiis of veutilatioa and (li>sln- 
fection, na Lrcatud of in Dr. jVngus Smith's 
careful and oomprehoiiMve paper, publiihed in 
the .Tournnl of the Society of Ait* ; and let us* 
see Ikjw Ikr we havu ptina beyond or lagged 
liehind the fit ' :>'« which wi^re 

fiwhionablo '.. 'ida were Iwini; 

built, and l-Vm-u-.i.. ».i: ".i^ing her bcftil- 
dering wt;b ; or, later, wlum Cuu«lantuM t>a\ 



10 [Mr «. i«:.i 


ICMlaewd «f 


on ' ■ * of t!ie Blie-wolPs aoiui, anil tlio 

gn ' 10 tljiit On; wi^rM Iixs vvvr iwtju 

wna l.'i;^uu.iii^ to bitfiik btiiiealli lie own 
euormoua weiglit. 

In tin curly j rriod of the paBtcrii empire 
the Jiistininu i.-.iil..' providtfJ for llie c<mi|.lete 
ventil&ttou of the liue new oily uf L'uiistauti- 
inTjiltf, by onlcriiig no ony bIiouM stop 
tho view, in any ninniier, of iho wiijd'>W8 
lookiii;; lon'nnia the aoa, aud ihat tho mini- 
mum viilth of the streets bliould not be iesa 
than twelve feet. In Rorue, tho uiiiiiiuuni 
vii3 five feet— a law wUwh the authoHtir^fl 
were not ahlt? to improve, owing to tho laud- 
lords, whnao f>rivatc vcatc-l inlereBts jostled 
public ufJv.'iuLigL* ont of the way. Uut, the 
|H'rf<rct sewerage of Koiin», being one of the 
uioftt imporUiiil disinfecting comlitions of ft 
ci'lu'iip for this M' tint of afreercirculfition 
ofiur. ]lirclimca.'arfc uurvcU to the present 
day, and iho Juty of ki-eping them cleansed 
and it) good repair wa.* a yrave state matter, 
de]egritc«l to (hi* pitotor aa ouo of bin most 
ini])ortant fiiiKtiuna. Jcruaalcin even had 
her BtreeU swept daily, though in no time 
haa the Hebrew been rt- mark able for a fana- 
tical tittenlton to cleanliness, either uf person 
or of liweliiiig. But, the world went back in 
llitR comnton sense ot the etrects ; ami, in 
spite of the cxnmplo and exptrieiice of the 
past, it wiis tiidy in Ihtt twelfth vcntmy that 
the first pavcivienta were laid, by Philip 
AugURlus", in I'oii-t. Heaven Unon-a how long 
the niothei--city of la bi-lle Fnioce wouhi 
have yet remained ungjimwhetl with ptiving- 
stoncs, had not the royal noHe boon -one day 
uuplunsoutly asuiultud dnrini; a ride taken 
thi-ougli the streets ; when the filth stirred 
up by the hoofs «f the c;tvalu;ide lioru uuch 
pungent evidence to tho nei'd of improve- 
ment that a ray of li;^ht [wnetniteil the 
kingly biaiu, and pavements were the I'esulU 
Yet matttra wont on so slowly, even after 
thU initiation^ that so late as la«t centnry 
tliero was n riot in Faris beeayiic of the accu- 
mnlatiiiu of tltlli and refuse in certain quar- 
tersj which the authorities iltd not caie to 
remove, lliinga are mending now ; and 
Phris, with her streets washed and brushed 
every day, like a dainty ladv'a Cace, is une of 
the cleJUiest, if one of the least efficiently 
draJneil, cities of the civilitied wurld ; while 
Loudou ia fidgetting so feverishly over her 
sanitary short-cominga, that surt-iy all must 
soon Iki put to righta there, from the great 
central nver sewer to the smallest drains of 
the outcnttt eonrtic 

But our business is with pOKitive rather 
than with rtrhiiive disinfectants. Besides ven- 
tilation and sewerage, tho anoienla knew 
vaiioua chemical agenta of ptirilicatioa which 
We have re-diacovered in quite late tiuies. 
The natnvn or nitre, with which the Kg>p- 
tiaiis washed the bodiea they were about to 
rtuliHlm, vtiia onr nio<lem cnnstic soda ; their 
oil of cellar was liirjientitie ; they diHlilled 
buth pitch itud tar, and cured toothache with 

maUcra m 

iiri-ii I 


krcosote, using tliii last also for ski> 
in cattlci, fur which it hi^ b#»u f>»i 
ftl>le. Another mode of \i~' 
I)c Kocn in the circnni«tni)'' 
hnii^ up oa the rofd", atid npp.i! 
Snl|diur wa« one of ihe most 
feclants in Greece and Italy. W ..v.. 
killcit the fiuitors, alter pultin^. 
order, he cjJlfd for mlplnir to kuIhIi 
place by burning tlie Gutphur, i 
acid fumigatiouA. It was lu 
met}io<l of pnriliettlion, muX its name in Ui 
sii^niKes divine* It was burnt in lu^ua 
as a religious o^remoiiT ; and the flli>uhi 
yearly i>urilic*l their Hocks with it. He 
Italians have re-diseovetiid ha use iu 
vineyards), as a euro for the i>Tdiunt— Kt( |< 
aa a check and iirevenlive, if lint who! 
cure. Ijtttecs, also, were use^l to 
new wines, much in t\ie Siune w-^ ~" w- 
ho]i5. Honey, ag:iiii, for puriMt 
me sugar, and sonictiuies tor pi 
cimeiij, as wu would now employ -; 
wine. Thus, & centaur whir^h wae 
Theasaly, but which, unfortunately for 
kind, died the day after its birth, was 
preserved in honey, lo a niuseuui in centaur would be worth timJin^, ka 
age of the Fccjco mcnuaiJ and the Wi 
hureo. ll*ire was another great purilier. 
times of plapie or gtnerd di ' 
accora|>amed with jwrfumca, fl- 

arom-itic Rubitancefl, pepper, n..- 

was used iu tho streets aii a disintVi Unt. 
h:\ve all read of its value in oui v^ i. (I 
r]nn;ue. Hut-, iu ancient times [ 
fire had a literal as well as a nv 
meant sotuethiiig more real and living ihaU 
what the same words mean u^ied now slj* s 
mere fof gotten sign. Water was aU 
relieil on as a meatis of pttriricatiun ; 
far-away pi\>;.;enit')ra knew how i 
epidemic diseaso by closing tho 
looking towards tlie inficlid ■ - 
opening those with the contrarv 
knew, also, tlie nac v( niM< -'1'- 
perform piilnk-jss cxlrncti- '> 
of white hellebore. In tl 
too, Philip Ijcrsaldo 6pc.\k8 of ampntaui 
without [Kiiu as an idea and practice" 
coniuiou uae. 'I'liis, thrrngti beside th- 
purport of our pajtcr, is a fact too c<. 
be omitted. 

Tlie modem history of disinfectants bcgiA 
in the soveoteenth century ; Vmt it a 
in seventeeu hundred and thirty-' 
Dr. Petit made the tirat notable eA: 
iu antiseptics; using smntl ]>iece!:t oi 
to try how long ea^'h spi-ci:d nutiht 
served a piece untainied. Hi* eoi 
were, that ostriugcats were the h*.-- 
action being similar to that of drying, tiiei 
John Priitglo fulluwe<l in the s:tnia tracks 
His antiitcptic pruiaeens were salts, and the 
jLatringeut gummy and resinous part« of vvgtt* I 
tables and fermenting liquors. Ur. Mbo| 
bride, altt-r him, speakj of ociils as the lonjj- 

I bkk«KiJ 


p»ir«,i«7-1 11 

pr»*cribrtl antweplie nff»?»(» ; evptj wln-n ijrtii- 
fchly diliiie-l, RiiU (vowcrftil. Up .iiUb 
""owing »al:-stnijc€^ to ttts lUt. Alknlies 
il!i ; gitm-r^-!iins, 6uch ns ni^rrh-oaM- 
||Kloe», &Dd lerm j.-\]>onii:A ; ilueocttons 
fiuUn atiftke-root, {wpiwr, yinfjer, 
ii, Btt-je, miiil^coutrayeiva root, yalertan, 
ll^rb, Hiij'elioi, RODua, conimon worm- 
nl ; ftnil to some extent^ niustanl, celery, 
FmU, turnips, jjarllc, oniuns, cftbl>a;,'e, cold- 
er I, au' I IiorOTrailirth. Lime, lip aava, pre- 
Mttii, liut <t'>M uot rviuovft piitrefuction ; 
>))« a«ti-tngLMit mineral aci.l>», anJ ardent 
^ritx, " not ouiy alisorb the matter frum the 
cnt RittALnnce, but likewiso crmp up 
J nnJ lliervby retnler it so haiii and 
It, DO ctintige of comb in at ion will 
pincc for Timny years," Molasaci* cKwcfl 
ijul of Dr. Mftcbride, drawn out in tlie 
t«r h»lf of tlie eigbteeiith ci>utury. Id 
?eiit«cii liuitdrcri .'in<l Hevcnty-tlircc, (Juytou 
Ml prouoacii fumigating hoispitala with 
acid TApours ; and in sovontci-ii 
*nd eighty, l)r. t'^tnuichael Smyth 
jltroiM fuinot nt Winchexter, and in the 
[jonT tr vlii.' ilie French ohymist tlie 
ry uf aiiliiiiii! wUilnni, 
; u ;.ition. rauiinicnl, in 

bnuiire<i and two, voted five thou- 
Onndfl to Dr. Smvtii ; and [oor Guy- 
rcftii WM horriOly dip;^«steJ, botli iit 
^ . Rnd \ta iinjuit rewftrX As well ho 
rlw, In*eventeen huu'iied andst-venty- 
[|Uid ^vontoen hnniired and seventy-two, 
' '- 'n* proiKTtiei of chlorine 
fu ; and Dr. Cruik«hauk 

in.... ;i.-_- -I'lULcation of it to us in 
^Uod, * All Hurt'? nci.lfl/' says Dr. An;;tis 
kitli. **Are v*»i-y violent, and fitted oidy for 
I case«, which ought not to be allowed 
ipccnr. Chlorine may be excepted ; it may 
I tweJ with advantage in uiinuto qnantitica, 
;.lraMt f->ra limited i>eriod. When:tpplied to 
'litres ofpntridity, the groat objection to it 
UtAt it du»trova the ammonia, sending 
' Uie iiilroiieii as a not very pnrfl gas. 
[«ouo fto^imrea much moisture, loses its 
i a very unpicnaant odovir to 
L'^uchcil. Iti dcjitraclion of 
bn» to, uu»evcr, Lbc principal objection 

k1< rill.' nclA by uniting with hydrogen, 

<:; with the compounds of 

'■r and ammoniiL Cldorlne 

liMrM the !(ulphur and phosphorous corn- 

of hyilrogen. It wdl even dissolve 

ke2 lle«h, «<iuto form a trauspareDt 

. douhlo action : the fint ia to 

It), tli« second oxiJation or 

vu. ill Aotderiiig preserved meals 

I vessel*, not a trace of air must hv 

and one babble of oty^-'n in 

Juice really to ferment, will orij^'iuate 

iliioiigli the whole quantity. 

found that lucat in a vt^^A <>f 

ed in eleven UourA. Sweeny 

preflervoil meat in water by first boiling out 
the air. cooling it, covering it with a filnitum 
of oil to keep out the air, and adding iron 
6tiitg3 to nl»orb what might havi> b't^cn 
.\lK>wed to enter. fileat prcflervud thue 
remained sweet seven month*. ly-uch njMed 
a covering of oil aUo, but a>^d unboiled 
water and snlphur, instead of iron. Jlis 
procMs kept the meat sweet for only two 
months. The DamarM of South Africa cut 
their meat into atrips, and dry it in the snu ; 
for simple dryness arreaU decay and ptevents 
infection. So does intense cold. Aa for iho 
first methoil. Dr. Henry disinfected the 
clothes of fever patients by baking them. 
But to return to our ojcygen. 

"Air being the Initial cause of putrefoo- 
tion," we are quoting Dr. Smith, '* it would 
seem strange to clas.i it among dliinfectants, 
but lu some retipecls it is the greaUsl of all. 
Its first action Ir mechanical, ha in natural 
or artifli^ial ventilation. It ia kuowu that 
the wor»t plagues have arisen ingrrat calm*; 
crowded ruonia and unchanged air increase 
almost every disease, wlnUt vvntllutiou hns 
a contrary- efTect. The action of the air on 
putrid matter is tuCi alow for many of the 
wants of civili^atton, and Iience tht: need of 
an artificial dl^infeclanL But, Nature her- 
self has a mode of Imatening it by piving an 
iuL-reased power to it under the intluciweof 
|>orous bodies. The porous body must in uso 
13 the soil, which is a powerful dlitiufectiDg 
agent ; so much bo that putrid matter, when 
completely absorbed by it, uuleiu« in exot»-' 
sive quantities, entirely lo.ies its smell, and 
water draincl from tlie soil at a sniricient 
ilepth is fituud lu liave lost all iL-i urgtnio 
m.ittcr ; ao thorouglitybaaitheendisinrecteiU 
In doin;; this oxy^eu is absorbed ; and it 
will be fuuiid tlint water containing dccom- 
posin;* organic matter, has its oxyu'en re- 
moved, serving frconently as a useful index 
to the state uf the oeoompositiuna goiug tbr- 

The soil, by virtue of it« porosity, presses 
gases into smaller apace than they occupy 
imder ordinary atmospheric pressure^ and 
thus mechanically conipcls combination. But 
for thtt power, the foil of towns would be 
one mass of corruptiun ; whereas, the water 
from the st^il of towns is much valued, 
even vhen too impure for drinking. **l'his 
is caused by the formation of nitric acid, 
which is the result of purification, and not 
only so, but a reservoir of air or oxygen, 
wherewith to purify still more." This puri- 
fying power of [>ercolntion is the reason why 
the lltamifs ** ia not int<^tIer:ddB ;" were it not 
for this, that river would indeed be the great 
Uiver of Death to I^mdon. Tlie ri ■ '^ ■ '- '. 
why charcoal h so valuable as a ■! 

agent, ia. that being one of the m- . . , .j 

butlies, it aWorba imjiure giues and oxidises 
thein. But, it does not preserve orgiuiic xub- 
Ht;uicea. Mr. Condy lias applied cundcwtcA 
Dxygeu as a dlaiufccViug U'^^-u^uv-X ^i:<tu>:^ 



18 limit *,tt^Ti 


iC w iQ U rt Hi 


ftnMoiuinta liave boymi to ua* enl|'liftte of' 
Bwda fMi" llic sniuc j'lHTcw**, wilh cn<'''''!»s, ' 
especially wlicu intxeJ v 
line ^iltti nre rntlii'r ;> 
ffctant ; metalli*.' salts j. 
arsfiiit^ iiicrcitry («a c* ' 

^■•'inierfiil lH sill fee ting jirnperUea, "as wonder- 
ful na it xisi'il to linvo w1k-u il fij^ured in tlie 
woclil rw llio powJer of 8yin|iatby,*' Ciay- 
Liis&ftc and ill*. Yoiin^ recoiumcnd the 
chloride of luaugancse, " the witsto product 
of Uie ttmuufactiire of chlorine ;" tuit Dr. 
Smith fihouft thnt thU iti a harmful and 
dnnpcroua application, substituting chloride 
of zinc as oue of the best disinftrting SJilU 
known. Itut, wo must glre a word to hi;* 
own diac'^verv — thedisiufcclingajjenl kuowu 
as McDou^all's Disinfecting Powder. 

Fiudiii<{ that itm^iu'Kia wud the beat base 
to use ia th? disiufectiou of niaiiures, as 
thu uiilj one which gave an insohible amrao- 
itlacal salt, and preserved tlie ammonia at 
the some time ; fniding, also, that of all acids 
sulphur was Iho test, equal at Ivnni in power 
to chluriiie, without the dealructive pmjjerty 
of chlorine — uamtly, the decomposing of 
nionionia — Dr. Smith coinbini'd uiagiu'sia luid 
BulphiirouR acid, and fouml the elfecb as a 
difliufectiDg and deodorising agent as cfHcient 
lui he could desire, save in one juirticular — a 
slight remaining Hnitfth He therefore added 
to tlie sulphite about five per cent, of jihenic 
acid (got from coal-tar), and with thcue coiti- 
binations obtuned a perfect dtBlurecting 
•powder. It has been tried at the Manchester 
cavalry harraicka, sprinkled on the floor of 
the liable, with the bedding laid over it ; it 
was used ou board the transport-ships cai'ry- 
iiig troop horses to the Crimea ; and it Ims 
Wen futind siK'Ctally valuable tu cei'tain large 
stablca of jjrivate owners. 

In ennieqiicnca of powdering tlm flcmr with il 
Klcnott dully, tlio manure becomes Itiuioiijililj mUrd 
witli tbo tiiiiDrcclftoL The rr<utu ue icmultable. 
Tlio uinnure do«i nol licftt or fennent, oi ia oilier 
ouci, to lltat tlicro ia no fear of lou by animonural 
ps, or by putriJ rapoura. Tlic liquid whirh Hvwt 
fmni il it wiUiout •incll. From ttic mrctt of decay, 
dice do nnt come around it in Dumbcn, ind tiie lionri 
&!io arc (trcscrvcd {rum fltci, a Blnlo n-liidi bag % very 
favoiinlilc effect upon ibcni. Mr. Mtimy, who liu 
alH'vyt fuur or Ore Juzcn of lbs itiott viluAble liorvrt 
6U tund, uyi Uiit headache luu diuppeared from liji 
tUbIca; and of lun|; diseaie, wlitcb vrai formerly coro- 
mon, ho bu not bad an iotiance. Tbe honef are 
heahlitrr aitd in better apiiilj, whilst a food deal of 
straw If aaved. They breathe air wiiliout cither 
snimniiia, nbich hurti the ryci of thoat who rnler, or 
of patrid matter; the wbilcDcta of tlie powder make* 
ll)0 alablo appear u if coarntitly newly whit«irathoi), 
A eiirioHi cireumeianco is tatd by most of tliote who 
uao it to occur. The atahia la rooter, not only to the 
fecllDg, n« we mif^lit anppoK, by rcuioviug nniaiat 
niaHcr, hut to ibo tlicruiomclcr. I have not made 
Uie obtcnrattoD* isyielf, but ibey uw to be relied on, 
and to the feeling the change !* diitinct. The tcmoTal 
of bca,t I aacribo to the fact that the atiimal matter baa 

ceaKd !a nxijliie. The alow combuttkin or ymlr^ 
furtiuii fiioJiu-rk beat In the m'lntiR', (.mbutty aW n 
\\tr\f, where ibo » , ' 

The oxidation ani 
. , , -.irttfd. li mijhl I 
deci.)iii|KtutiDii ia antrateU, (he niAin> ' ■.»%! 

for pUiiia; boidra, ft h known lli > i ttr 

put a Hop to fcgetJiljIfl llfci aa Ibey do lu jui.i>..i. Ihi( 
Mr. Murray found that aflcr baving tohl hi* mtnui* 
of one year with ibe powder in n, he tnt oScTt4 
double for 11 next year. It )* thrtrrnro raLitdtthvd 
that a jiial medium hat been aitainrd, ilir (nr>enna;«a 
of the tnanura on ono aide, and the health of the pint 
uo the otlkcr. 

The gi-eat object to be attained is the 
disinfection of town sewage. I^i-^t vear thf 
littl'; town of Let-k was n an 

epidemic. A council of medi<-:i . . ted 

on trying tliis McDougall's di^xiUcktiog 
powder. It was tned, auu the fLdlowiog are 
the results oonuatuiicatcU by Mr* X>al^ Uva 

lla nie vnu moat vfficleot in at^ ' ' n») 

never wta the tntintate cMinecUon ' >■«»- 

pool*. &c,, and dliCMO more ainkiu '"' 

The fcviT and ptitiid aore tbionti i 
ilic ncijbbouihouda ncareat to tbc ' 
c«-*i(M>oIa. Un iiting the ditinfretuig pwMJc. tU 
offi-tiiiTc iinella weto perfectly rtmofcJ. and tA» 
Qbateinriit of tbo diuase iiiinicdiatrlv 
Thcto were no ucn catca, and tltn«u undi: 
at the time auuuicd a much mildci- fort-.; '■'. ~ ■- 
haiutcd a tmall atocV of diainfcclinp |K>u<Ii.r ira Uu 
tli!rd of January. lo ihocouneof • fi-w \>..'.,*,«^m 
llie ccatpooli begnn again to give off ufTci" 
tho dtKue Woke out a accnnd lituc, when < 
lie* ordered a further aupply, aiid upon u«i'£ u n 
before, t)io diaeoae ayain aaauued a milder loriD a«[ 
CTCDtuatly dmptwatcd. 


It lica in dcejvit foicit |*1n()iii, 

Wlicre hii([c ircei pmh'tlie ann away, 

Ami tall weed* c-itch carh ftliuj^ling bcUD 
That lbro0]{h tho braocbea pern its «rtf« 

It aleepa in bed of flinty rockt 

Wbuw ftltattrr'd loicliriuli tbiiiik from lifh^ 
And Kowl from out their duiky huiuo 

With frown that loakM a blKhar aijbL 

It dwvlla cfidaetured from the view. 
And ttatnp'd aa witli a bnuid of duumi 

A* hated a* a apot accuned 
And ahuno'il as ia a plnguc-fiU'd la^nb. 

It acema a haunt whuv Horror til^ 

And Gxca deep hei aboii rule; 
And men haro named |l, paaiing by 

With hated hreathj The Duinal Tool. 

A wondroua wrrow acrmi lo rrat 

Upon the nlniovt Blirlp»i trcra; 
Acd lutleaa aa the eyo of death 

Tha tivid lake looka up to tbee& 

And ueverat the niomiitK't hirlh 

Tlie awret lark loori thia lake nlwre; 

Nor children conic with inatiti glei' 
To read their mirror'd ainitea of luw. 


ij^nJ aattt In the ■tinajr noon 

The ttnmll (lu-R •kim iu l«aiten lirvaai; 

|Nor c«Et ^mlil llinte 4c%llt~I«>iiml Itnvrt 
T1>s iraniljnc«L hums liciuiir to tcil. 

AM vowltcro thmii^ the Iftikr gna 
I (Intna out tlkv tlnlrt** Iritilef «7« t 
I jlor 111* \*\t upati l)ie bunk 

Ucirtla doWB to KO iu tK&Ulf (littt 

jlVat Ul )* miifh, inil All ii itill, 

Anit all i( rtiflit tliBt iliRiiiie;li i*7, 

\ A^A «tl i* lljut Jc^llifuliicHf 
Tbftt u.|M ibe iiti/it'i ii(it in-ay 

rM, <ri»;, wlicTi ill lli« nrili ti fUi. 

I Hut thou Wu i-)i(n«-ii. l>iiiit«l I'lxil. 
Tb ^ tli« vuiy bdnic tjf |l^iii ? 

I Ya aunlt Trufu wtjic prfuul «urw 

Tluni tint ittu* ui deep ftnjr ( 
iVotiMtrtl nf mocin \ty niglit, 

Uortfilrtl nf kim l>y day. 

3t UK tti)' wklen liuiiuti temn 
Tdai fl'tw to KCTvt. rvci man P 
^ AhJ Uv lloK tncT* liuRiiiti iirpt 

TIhU, IUm niiue onn, Itave picti'd tlt]r •Iioce? 

[ Bat tr^tcrcforo liwe t hiibrr come ? 

^^,4 ,41 .,.!,... ani I landing (lill 
[ Wl< ifiiiig* of 1.*af tti'i rtmilit 

^ >4rt tlu-ir [ijiuiiiit cittll? 

[ Almd; droop* ny loul of Youth 

«•:■ = ■- ■'■■■ ■•-■ "- ^'-rre; 

|An< F goM 

A-- _ u and drear, 

I VW fiwle* tbc jnstf wb»r« life vm !•■>''«; 

Pini grow \hc futiirt'i pie* of klu«; 
I AVt Wicklrvi oar, if all \hj dayi 

fil«U be ft {uueui liie to tbul 

LQ, Siiirttl- pl9(r? «f cfety love 1 

Ii ii of failli iiiH jvf 1 

[ Call '■•■ id iij« rmiii lliii i|<ott 

cUArrsK THE nitsrr. 

(klbirr n-.iA ivctor uf Lieliendnle, a 

" I town, of wliictt few btit 

•le li.ivo tfvnr Itt'unl, My 

I i>< II I W4« qu)t<! A chtlu, 

-lUtl4 Helena, at 1 wbm always 

riUi liu uctior cnrii{i-.(uiMiis lliaii lay 

Iten, J'ahI aii<l Xjivvivucf, aud our 

«ld Diiiita', liiitiiiali. My cldciit 

pMil, WHS gi-Hve ntiil mooHy ; 

«uc« and ]. who were warm 

e nonrly nlwoyw <iuain^llitig with 

ftwreiice ifiuld n«->t bc:ir tu lieiu* 

tirtaly inaiutaiiii-d ; — Ctiat un- 

Wi're » lH*cttir ^irl, niid njord 

,v<^*T ber tipeltiii^, alio would lie 

ITC aftt-r ilit' i-lied^. Not Mrvio;; the 

«x>c7 of tliii* Wml<l« tiii«»t, 

-tfig from Paul's aulboi-italive tuit«, 

that be hail Ibc potvcr to uxecuto M, 
Lawreucu woubl Uike up luy chum with 
fiui-y seal, niid often cudj^^Ucd F'uut iiiUi 
graultog tuo a niildur ^rtiteirRe. Wh used to 
take oiir leaaoti-Uioks into the Htmly ••very 
moruirif^; mi.l, wliilf 1 learut my iiioUntg, 
my brutheni road and coudtrued with my 

But Paul Boou gi'ew too old for mere 
honiui'cliooliiig ; atid, after much acrrcoy and 
niysU'rious jirupiiratiuii, he was Btiit to llie 

fammar-achooL nt SAwbrid;;re, Lawrie and 
made merry ovci* hia depai-tuie. We boii 
wilJiT games than ever iu tUe gnrdtrn and 
wiiudit, arid got iiit(> twii-o na lUiiny «icra|)«a 
a4 b4!f(irc ; so thut sometimes creii Hanuab 
hnt all patrt'OCti with u.«, aod dm;;j;ed us — 
little trt?iiil'liiij: culprits — ttpfuru my lalher, 
u till lifted btH kitid vyvik ftxiiu bis bouk, olid 
(rhd, HitU but littlo Buccesa, to louk du- 


Thut^e happy daya paased loo <fuickly. 
Lawrt'jicfl went to achool ; and, after two or 
three yoara (here, to rcoui^. He bad alwaya 
R)id be would ixj an artist ; and be did not 
(1iiK-h froDi bia plan as he gruw out of child< 
bond, but adhered to it ni atexujily that at 
lL-n:;th my father couBL-iitcd to bin going to 
lialy to itludy. Ue was very youii^ to be 
st;ui 80 far aloue ; but my father bad lived 
for so loug in Liclieodale. that he seemed to 
ba\;t! for^'utten bow foil of datiijer aud 
t^JiLiptatiort a city like l^irne would be to 
otio I'H^er and reckless a» Lawrence. 

Poor Ijiwrie ! I rcmemlMir our la&tpartbg 
well. lie W!«s Ko ghid to be going U> Italy, s** 
florry to le.nve ]Jch4?nilHh*,and mo charmed with 
,thruuasuat hurry aud budtle,and his suddenly 
Ac<piired iiii|>uitau<:e, that Kmilcii und tears 
cbnsed rach other away in quick «iK-cv!c.4iiiu 
from bis fiicc. I oau see now bis hiHt, Nid 
look, a« the mfdt-coacb, wldch bat) iittippcd 
f>>r bim at our gate, drove off; and I renioin- 
ber luitiiiij^ out of the siiiihy garden into the 
koune, tuM running uj>atnii'4 that I ndglit 
K>b nndiHtiirbed in some quiet hidini'-place. 
But P'lul, whu had couie over for tlie i\ny 
to Kiy gciod bye to Lnwrence, soon dis- 
covered mo ; and, instead uf trying to com- 
fort nie, talked iu a sloir, mesjiuretl moan 
of the wiekedness of my grief, and of 
hi-i I'clief tliut dcMpuudeuey was a child of 
the ilevit. 

Iziwrence's letters were frequentaud affe^ 
tionate, and at first almost bomt-Mick. Tlie 
|)te.-tsii]->-s of ih'iiw were crerft, be wrote, 
but Btill he loveit Lichendide and llelenft, 
far. f.*r more ttearly llisii ever, and olUn 
longed to eome back. Gradually, however, 
anntber tone crept into them. There were 
fewer allusions to bcnie, and to tlie time 
when he Khuiild return lo us; but, indtead, 
the thin blue ishects were covefLit with ac- 
counts of the graii ' *■■■■ ' Ir tjniili<fa that 
he met, wIiojK) pair "-'^ to iuiuxi- 

cate him, and ff b-;- ; - -: i whom, I 
feared, bo liked better ihaa liUle Ueleuis 

14 tWf«.»M 


if tlicv Wtfpp rcilly aa lorcly na lie lU-icriVwil 
tlii'iti. Sir Ijlwunl Stiimfuid, the ott-iuT of 
I U'lteiiilale llrill, aii<l who wutiM liiivi.* hfteii 
llif yrmil II1.1II of pur m-iiibboiirlinriii lud lie 
ever viaitfil it, wax nne uf tlie HcqMaiiitiiiic'e 
of whom we htiiu'il nuwL My fiUln-i- ri'jjreUe^l 
ibtl much; fur reports Un\ tmvelled home 
that lltB life Sir R'Uurt) lol ubroad wn* will 
niir] liiftsiiiAtett ; ami thn«e ^'hii rcoullcctoit 
him Bt liU'liendale, in the oM T*«Ju-oiti^l*« ttm» 
iIviTlnriHl ihnl ho hnd liceu nlwava Mtf-wiUed 
aiiil juissluUHte, 

I-Awrence h.vl l»een absent six ;peani. 1 was 
grown into n tall, «liy girl of sixteen; and 
Paul, after a aucwaafiil career at CftmV>ridKe, 
wju on the ev« of being ordained. Surely, 
Lawrence would aoon come l>ak-k, I thouj^ht. 
My father also lfni^v<l for hia return, and 
Wrote lo ur-e liim to leave R»me, nt Icnst for 
a whilt'. We were full of gla-l ex])et:laliou. 
lly father counted the weeks that would 
ehipse before his return, and I counted the 
ilu\a and houra, whicli I thought would never 

Bi-f^ire lliat day curae a more terrible — a 
mnre suddenly tcriil'Ie one. A lifllercame 
for my lather (rytux Italy, but not directed 
in I.awienu*e'9 h-md. I look it into my father's 
Ktudy inyiicir, uud watched hint iia he read 
it. il(» ccemed t^i dread evil He broke the 
sejtl t^lowly. and {ttuaed before lie dared to 
glance at the couleuts. I wns 80 fri<;)itelled 
and imjialient lliat I cmU] have torn it open, 
had it UfK'U lM>w(id with iron, iUid my father's 
delay wflfldrradfultouie. One look nt hU face. 
m^ he Rtnred in horror nt tlu* »hort, Ualinn 
Henteiice, eonluineij n>y worst fearn, and I did 
not need to hear tho woiil " D«ul ! " rise 
aiovvly to Ids li[«, to ntriko the awful cer- 
tainty through nie, that Ij.iwrenco— afFec- 
tiotiale, wilful Lawivn^e — would never come 
Iinck to UA, I did not scream or faint I 
felt the longing that I have hnd ftom child- 
IiootI, whcnevi't- I have bccu unhappy or 
lerrornlrii^keii, to creep awny with my grief 
and hide ; but I oould not b.nve my father, 
}Ki.U and ghaaily aa he looked, Timuk i.<o<l ! 
1 did not. For years he had had symptoms 
of litfiirt-iliHeaae. I clun^ to hiui tu i*i]L-nce. 
tbiuking that it wiu only hia great uentd 
piun that made hin) ao d«'adly atill and 
white. I chafed and kissed biD handa ; and, 
in giief for tiis giief, almost forgot my 
own. '• Paul— send for him!" he ajghed. 
] left the room, wrote a ahurt note tu Hum- 
nton him, Mud then hat>tened back to the 
atndjf, for 1 began to fear ray father waa 

In thoM few minutea Dijath had entered, 
and cLiimcd hia victim. Wliat a night of 
misery I jKissed! I longed to die. Wliy 
was I ajvvred 1 — spared to pain and mouruiug 
and ci'uving griet 1 

Nkarly two yrtira passed, and I still 
lived at the dear old rectory. Sir Kdward 

S^tandbnl, the patron of the living nf lichea- 
>lule, lia<l written to olftM' it to Pnul when he 
heart] of niv father's death. 'I'tio letter wiu 
kiiul, and full of pulite regrets they 
»tiout 1 moet probably never uieet, aa h< 
intended to remain always abroa>l Therv 
wiw no mention of lAwrence in it; wbicli I 
thoi.Miit Birange. My brotJier heAiLated 
fi'r some tini« before accepting < " 
fioin one whom lie cho^o to call 
in the Bight of the Lnnl ; but his 
for liiubendalo; for ita grand, old pi 
chiiroh, nnd the sub^r, godly towud-jw 
ovcrcnnio these suniples, and he aelt'ld_ 
down into niy father's place, if not to fulfil 
ita duties aa mildly, at any ratv^ with M 
rigid ciin8cieDtiousiies<and nclf-deniiil. HaD- 
nah had left un, to live with some orpliaa 
nieces of hera in nnotlier town ; so I w 
I'jud's little housekeeper, na I ha I ' 
beeu my fulher'a. There were noi 
few fiimilie* of our own rank in Licm-uu 
that 1 muL'h liked, or with whom I ke 
any great iutimacy, so that I often f«dt^ 
lonely, Paul lovesl me io hia grave 
! but he seemed to think that any tutneccj^ 
I disphiy of affection wan harmful, and I< 
iiot i-emeinWr hia ever petting or carNl 
, nie. Still, after the tii-«t great grj*f 
I<awrio and my Hither li;id been anflena^ 
time, I WM happy— in a sort of (^piivl, li* 
way. The country round LicliernUle 
hraiilifol. On one side, waf the p:Lrk,i 
tho Hall peering through the tree*; aud 
the other, the red saoda which the 
rarely covered, Btretching aw.iy to the ailver 
sea-line. I uaed to take lon^ w*tU- '-^ 
'iiiysi-lf on these sandA, »>r in the w 
di'I not read much ; for the only i>'. 
Paul allowed me were I did ' 
for; either abstruse treatises on reii^ 
biographies, in whioh the hi-lory oi 
msn Was made subsorvlfiit to all mnnT* 
dokful morals, nnd melancholy h 
ainncra. We lived very t^iniply. I., left many debts in Uoine ; .nnd, 1 1 j.iv 
these, it was noocssary for a few yrara ty givi 
up miiiiy luxuries, and to part with ouo i ~ 
our tnisty old uervauta. So I founil 
ideHsaul occupation iu littta houMEi 

'lliia was my life when I was eLd U-*n : 
nnd it was then that Sir Kilward S- 
suddculy returned to Lichendalo. i 
brought by the re|Kin of an approach 
solution of Parliament, ]>eople said ; i 
whispered, he meant tu stand for f.ii'! 
to turn out the present sleepy old i 
Ijichendale ia one of the smallest I 
Uiwns in England ; but, at the passin 
Uefomi Bill, everybody thought it iiu-.* L.r 
hecume a jMipidous seaporL There were 
rumours of doekatolw built, and new liii.-^ ■/ 
trnnii: to ho o]>eneii ; and the oM inti:. 
Lerriiied at the pixwpwt of th«'s.' . i 
swore vungojiuce ugiiin'»t the di/ffreut com- 
IMUiifa that were to ellect them ; bntj as tuu6 


(iKir «. ust.i 16 

i-rftf(.crj-tft,rtbe&ta gmdimlly 
town, tlif»i<i pi'ojecta bail to 

■!i<l peoi'la i/i-gnn to nee Uiat 
- i-ioomw 10 hiiik into anuict. 



»!■ - i.ioonie<l 10 huik into aqu 

lujj tuwu ; insU'O'l of riftiDg to any j^real 

Ifoc irupnrtjncie, aini they ;iliini»t quea- 

I -ity of Its heiug rt'|>reseut««). 

1 -y wn8 Mimll ami InictabU. 

' political notions. Colonel 

■ -u tL-cteJ more on accouut 

icLer us t\. squire nitd country 

■I for anything eUe; an<l cvcu 

■' ■"■'' ftliuuM enter the tiata, 

r. uu (lUiI strong* opiiiiona, 

•> III!, unk'Hs Ilia chanicter 

I bear cunipMiHoii with tlie bonent old 

H's. •w-h'-th'jr bo would auccecil in bia 

I' ' Uic borough from Hia hands. 

I 'm of lliu day which followed 

waiU i. i^jLuni, I'aul biide me get ready 

td civil wtib bim m the Hall. Idtircd 

'^7 : yet. the tbonghta of vi.-utm-injj, 

^ttlUi my bi'olliur's protection, uitbiu 

' ' ' Mnd liouso and encountering 

me feel shy and ri-igbtenetf. 

liron^'h the park, with our 

' into the nio8«y, daisy-spotted 

i-wiud niitkiri;,' alusT.surginj; 

dArk piue trees round ua, 

up, and gave me u muny 

I danced alung, laugliing at the 

of liiy going likt a giuud dame to 

tbo lord of iho manor in tlie aftcr- 

I who had ept-ot tha morning in 

h ' ':v'S aii'l *bt'IUng pcan. At 

I'd would have roproved me 

i; iit« ; but he wan now busy 

nd over and j)erfecling tbo 

1' :ue mul tbiuika with ffl>ich 

■t bit patron. We reached 

;: A I bad once been shown 

'■ a cross old housekf't'per, but 

; ii*e cAlled tbero. or leisurely 

ku-d Mij of thtf beautit'ul roums ; tto 

rwaa quite driigbted that Sir Kii\vard 

it' 11 left Tuu time to 

.: .1 uiih which the 

>u:. iii'-'-i^nia n:Li uiied. Sir lidward 

Ik* waiting a long lime ; and wlieii he at 

|( ^t, !..-,,. I I.,. !..ohed prt-oci'Upied and 

rt He was uHuut thirty, 

, mI and tinnly biiiil, with 

liou-woin and pale, yet ^iiraugeJy 

vr. He hardly raiiwd hia eyva to our 

i.icbed uu; but nnce. when the 

'^'ged and be larued them 

quailed beneath tbeir steady, 

in tbti 
BCd xn« 


n uc, I 

' ', aa we walked home, *' I did 

lid liAvc asked fciir lidwaid 

k 1.^1 .^ i .c. lie might bavo rt'mem- 

EtDnch to tell ua if )'oa bad but bc^^un 

b1>i'. f wKi.-li porhaiM he did not like to 

'.L mention b!i name to a 
: it would not be right In me, if 1 
Vou Lilk about Lawnnoe frut:ly and 

oflec, aa tf you felt no *liame Jo bU dcAth ; 
but when you grow older, you will feci m £ 
do, MTid shudder when you rememlier that 
he waJ A ducltiBL*' 

Poor dead, Lawrie ! 1 felt aa If it wna 
t(orn« great moral want ia me that preveui«d 
luy bbuuitig Iiim lu I'.-iul did. 'lo Taut n 
duel WIU1 luurder In ita niu.Ht cold and wilful 
form, lie seemed tu forgi?t the temptations 
to \vliich Lawrence bad beer? vx}>o8od, tuid 
the fact that he waa the challenged — not 
tlie challenger; uny, sometimea it seemed 
aa if he forgot that it wma his own brother 
whom he bo releniletrsly condemned. I 
could only pity Lawrie goadtd— aa [ felt 
he muat have been, by falM} Khatnu, and uot 
by any unforgiving (mstiion — to that bmt 
act which be had expiated with hifi life. 
But Paul, us I have said, felt diiroreotly. 
It hurt hia pride of goodne^ that hi^ 
brother should nave died audi a death. He 
bushed it op as nmch as hu could ; not- 
withstaudlD^. the report spread thioti^h 
Lichendivie tliat " young Matbew*3n died 
faraway iiertiAs ■i.'us in a iiiurdei'iiiif>n)Atc)i ;'* 
and deep woi-«la of wr.iih against his* nmr- 
derer were iiiin;;;h-d wiih reynria for my 
father; whoso death, it waa known, lioil Ttecik 
cauHifd by Ihu Budden vorrow. With whom 
liawrence had fou^^ht, we ditJ not kn''W, Xo 
details had been giveu in the letter which my 
father liaii received ; and Paul would never 
make inquiriea, either aa to the cause of the 
duel, or the name of the ehHlti<ng<jr ; so that 
the iiirajncion» which rested, with but little 
gi'inind, on a French arti-tt were never c<."m- 
Hrnied. ** Vengeance i^ mine ; 1 will re|>ny, 
a»ith tlie Lord," Paul would repeac to him- 
self, lialf aloud, whenever [wojile talked of 
llie chance of discovoring tlm unkno^va mur- 
derer ; as if it j;ave him a kind of arita plea- 
sure to remember into wliat Almighty hands 
hu had yieldc<l bia cause. Surely. 1 thought, 
the Creator in Ifis great goo<liiessjudges more 
mercifully than men judge. 


Tirs morning after our call, Paul was out, 
and I had gone np-stair« to get my hat fur n 
Hlroll, when June came panting up the alatrA, 
brealidess with aatuntahinent, for ** Sir Ed- 
ward was in the parlour!" What could h« 

" Did you tell him Mr, Paul wna out, 
Jane r 

" Yes, MisH Helen ; but h« asked if yon 
were in ibo house, and he corned in almost 
afore I'd time to answer yi«." 

lie must have Called on Home urgent biisi- 
ucBs, I thought ; and 1 hnrried down to him, 
Hia ride through the frchh Mioining air had 
fluabed hU cbeeliR, and ho Un'ked \<.iy hand- 
iume. Hill halfdiaughty, liaK-eareluw bear- 
ing iraprvraod me aa aometlntig clraDgo and 
atriking; it wasaodiirereut fixim Paul'sgrave^ 
alow manner. 

** Vou must not ihiuk ue mi impertlu^iAX 





16 [JBir*.in7.] 



"I met him many timen/' said Sir Eilwar 
in A low, iudiatiiict voice, at<irtiiig from h 
reverie. Hiseyea were fnatened on me — full i 

intrader, Miss M.ithewaon,** he said, ns T 
entered ; " I brtug my excuse in my pocket," 
ftiid he tossed a note on to the table. " It is 

to beg you and your brother to dine with me ' pity, I fancied j but I dared hardly meet thei 
to-morrow. I wrote it for the chance of j He said little more, and soon went away. 
your being oat Tliere seems but little pro- Oh! he, too,thinkB like Paul, that Lawreni 
8i>ect of a dissolution, and time hangs heavily has sinned deeply, and would avoid the sol 
ou my hands ; bo, if you and Mr. Mathewson jcct, I thought to myself, as I pondered ov4 
will give me the pleasure of your society for the visit ; and 1 wondered if Sir Edward di 
to-morrow eveuing at least, I shall be quite liked me for mentioning Lawrence so sfaam< 


I felt that I ought to respond to this in- 
vitation with some very civiL thanks; but 
the thought that came uppermost in my 
mind was of surprise at Sir Ktlward'a want 
of occupation. 

" All your tenants would bo so glad to see 
yon," 1 said, hesitatingly ; " if you have bo 
much 8|iare time, I mean." 

"Do you think they would ?" replied Sir 
Edward, looking surprised at my daring to 
hint at his neglect of duty as a landlord. " X 
have always transacted busitiess with thoni 
through my agent. Still, perhaps, they might 
care to see me, though 1 can't say the anxiety 
to meet is mutual. The farmers round Lichen- 
d;ile must be a very dull set of people. Can 
you tdl me what character I bear here, Miss 
MathewsoQ ] You must know my tenants 
well. Do tlioso in the town, for instance, 
hold me very low in their righteous estima- 
tion, pray ? Have reports unfavourable to 
me travelled from lUily 1" he said, with a 
btiternc^ which a smile faintly concealed. 

*' I do not know if they love you at present ; 
for it is difhcult to love those one never sees. 
No! no I I don't meiui that," I added quickly, 



Sir Edward was like a flash of lightnio 
striking acroi?8 my quiet path. Everythin 
in my daily life lost its brightness. We saw! 
good deal of him, and soon I began to feel then 
(lays which passed without meeting him 
long and dreary. Each day I liked liis &« 
better ; and the look of passion, that I bad 
at first noticed in it, seemed, by degrees^ to 
give place to one of gentleness and kindoesi. 
Gradually, too, tales of recent klnil deeds 
amongst his tenantry, took the pl.ace of th* 
reports which had been rife in Lichendab 
before his return, of his dissipation at Roma 
I sometimes wondered if my few words Vftn 
the cause of his kindly intercourse with the 
poor people ; but I checked myself quickly 
m this presumptuous supposition, anil attri- 
buted the change to his natural good feet 
iiig. At any rate, it could liavdly l« tocuny 
fiivour with his constituents ; fur, all clii)>ce 
of a speedy dissolution of P;u-liamcut seemed 

He seemed, to my astonishment, to care to 
talk to mo even more than to I'anI, whose jwe* 
jndice against him never quite wore olt l:*iuil 

thinking of Lawrie; "but it would be dillicult) — if ever I ventured to cxiness any of my 

for them to love one who has left them, 
and shown no interest in their welfare, i 
know that they are a good and grateful set of 
people, and that you might easily win their 
affection I am sure." 

"I was thinkintj of their good esteem 
merely aa regarded the probabilities of my 
being elected, if there should be a dissolution," 
said Sir Edward, earnestly ; " but you make 
me feel ashamed of myself. I ought to con- 
sider it more as a proof of my having been 
a good landlord to them, and less ai a means 
of my own success in life. I shall take your 
hint ; meanwhile, I am confoundedly disap- 
pointed at Parliament having settled down 
again so quietly. I had quite workctl myself 
up into a lever of imagination, at the thoughts 
of my contesting the election with Coluucl 

" You left Homo on purpose to stand for 
Liehentlale, did you not ?" 

" Yea," said Sir Edward, musingly, and his 
face brightened with some unspoken, sunny 
recollection of the Eternal City. 

" Did you know my brother Lawrence 
there t" I asked qnickly, for 1 was afraid of 

boundless admiration for Sir Edward's wit or 
genius — checked me, and reminded me of all 
we had heard against his character. 

" I can believe him passionate, Paul ; but 
surely he is nothing woi-so." 

" Passion ia a fearful thing, Helena," Patil 
woidd reply; "and I believe Sir Elward to 
be selOsh — more from habit thaii dispoaitioft 
perhaps ; but still iiicxcu.sably solHsh." 

" He lias had no motive for stflf-denialj 
most likely," I urged. 

One beautiful evening — it was then thft 
month of June — I set out to walk by a short 
cut ttirough the park, to see a woman who 
was ill, and' to whom I wa.s taking some 
things. I hui'ried along ; for I was late. Paul 
had set out some time before to the church, 
where there was service that evening, and 1 
knew he wouM be vexed if I were not in time 
for it. I had got into a way of always looking 
out for Sir Edward ; and, that evening, 
although I had to walk quiulfly, I couW 
not retrain from 8toj>ping every now and 
then to see if he was in sight. I met th« 
curate hastening to the church. I quickeuec 
my steps, and determined not to stop agait 

my courage failing me if I did not grasp at i till I reached the cottage. NaLhing startlei 
the first opportunity of asking the question one so much its the sudden fulfilment of sum( 
which Paul had so strongly discountenanced, I present dream that hope has conjured up 

lt*}r *»;.» 17 

Kcd ;i ni;Trbat I should 

'^ ^' -. ■ ■.\yre lo »i>iM;nr, I 

1 well-known c'lnicr of liiti 

■ beat vildly. I Ihou^lU tt 

ve biirsL 'ITie htxkfs etniok luiidyr 

ton ihe QTAXi, tLH lite Itorse l>nutii)o<i 

e, but I dill nut turn roiiud rL;*aiii. 

to 8<^e if it really were Sir K.]wnr(J, 

r 1 was miiiUiketi ; but 1 felt tliut 

rlet, Aud I Wnt my heA<l under my 

triird to hide my binslitm. Sir 

')>rftiig frt>m Ijis liorstf, nud utoppud 

o not Vuuw now exactly •whut he 

Ten lh«n I cau^jht at its nienunig 

fnoe >-atlier ihau hcmtl hU words ; 

hnSfx reeled — the tiefs scL'nied to 

the light to quiver nnd fiide before 

Fainl and dizzy, I thought 1 must 

n Co the ground ut Iiia feot ; but 

rd saw how white I grtfw, and 

fclrong- lurm round me, I think 

* -' my weftkne«a ; for aa we 

Id nte how, from hts firet 

iij i.i '..i: linrl llkttd me, and c«r-'ii 

Ko n::*!! , Mil that he nuw lorej 

au'l w;iLted me to promUc to 

if(L It was stfBnge to nio, and 

iiw<^>;(. to be spoken to with such 

•. It brought back to 

r . .■■a when 1 hud my fnther 

bffuiott to c&ieaa me ; luid, uitAtily, 

fttiu % dim renienihniuce of one, 

' ti her <lyiug grasp, pressinjj 

' I the little cliet^k she h;i(I 

"■ ■ ^1"^ : for, with Buch gentle 

1 :t iimther might uao to a 

ft"iLi..i.i, -iKi iSir Kilwnrd strive to 

pe. till my falntubsa passed, ainl he 

I.'i1 It,'.- r.itiwcr. 

ii B)opi>ed, 
- , ~ i i:!dward, or Paal will be 


•htn neither eo to ohnrch, nnr call 

!lw3ird,*'h# e.iid, smiling; anddi^tain- 

with playful forw, he nia«ie lue 

B tin a low lodge of ruck that 

\\w grjiM close br, cushioned with 

h ' "' ;,i' , and giildcn-HlHrmlmoney- 

,"■ he continut'd, hia eyes 

I .uruestty tbuu hid wordij, 

I ' the wild, wicked youth 

1 I Will you strive to fi>ri;ot 

ha\'c t^en, and tenrn tn think of nie 

now am : pardoning all thut I have 

ig for the sake of mj true, deep 

Dtwer. I hardly heard hia last 
bdden doubt ha^l lillrd my mind, 
Bark shadow acroas the sunshine 

pu ask me to be jour wife. Sir 
said, trying not to dread his 
p"Jr, »-,.,, remeuiber the aliame tliat 
i Hfl to our name 1 Do you 

iiy youngest brother died in 

wmrd ttArled, 


" ITioae are your brother's rigid no- 
tions, Heleua — very orthodox nn doubt — 
luit they are not mine. In thiw jK-ai-efnl pl.-ico, 
perhnpfl, duelling «eenm a l*?rribl- thing ; but 
It is nonsense, of Mr. l^athewson to taJk of 
it so. No stain infloted on your name from 
that — though if It did — Btlli I wuuld marry 

*'I have always thoughtPaul judged-Lawrie 
too harshly," I said, "and 1 am glad you 
think the same. Did you firet like my tnco 
bfcaUKe it reakicded you of Ijvwrence's, Sir 

Sir E>ln'&rd answered me with a gay laugh; 
but his voice trembled. 

I wii^hed the church bells to ring ng.iin, 
with their pcaeerut, boimiug Bound. 'nier« 
seemed something half nnholy in the lights 
careless wny in which he had spoken of duel- 
ling ; altliougli inlendeil to ipiiet ray 
doubts. It felt to me — yes ! I um sure Ihut 
it is not my present fancy — it felt to me at 
that moment, as if I^Awrence stood nutieea 
between me and Hir K^lwiiVil. The wlnd^ 
chill and damp, rustled thruUKh the trees, 
with a dreary, shuddering sociud. Sir Edward 
rose, and walked a|xirl. for » few iitiiiii;efi. 

" Go home, dear little Helenn,'* he mid, at 
length ; "J shall come and see your bruther 

I got home quickly^ and sat iu the twiU^ht 
waiting (or Paul. 

coAnxR TUB rtrra. 

I BJlD half feared ihst PauI might refuse 
his conitent to our engagement ; but I wiia 
mistaken, tits opinion of Sir I'Mwnnl had 
that very dav heen grcitly iniproveil by sonic- 
thing he haJ heard m the town— some kind 
or honourable det^, I forget exacti/ what ; 
and, with many admonitiouii as to my future 
coiidiicl, and not a few reproofs for past mta- 
demeanours, he gave a &low, Bolcuin consent- 

The few weeks of my engagement were 
perfect bappine«« to me. lk-(bri*, I \\:v\ 
no one to sympalhise with roe in alt my duily 
joys and sorrows, or iu my deeiwr feelings ; 
but, now, Edwaiil would listen witli un- 
tiring imtlence and ready sympjithy to nny- 
Ihiug that came into my head. t)nly al>out 
I^wrence Inevertnlked to him. Paul'd opi- 
nioiiH — aUhouglilcouldnot accept them — ha<l 
yet sufficient power, by their 6rm pcn*iHtency, 
to shake my contidenoe iu my own ; and I 
dreaded lest E>lward's pride should ever 
turn and rebel at the remembrauce uf what 
I'aul callcil our tarnished name, and felt glad 
Ihnt Sir Kdwanl himself never alluded to the 
subject, of which 1 feared to remind httu. 
Piiurs grave, Bullen inunuen* hardly vexed 
me now ; for I knew it wa« but to bear with 
them for an hour or to, aud that in the next 
Etlward would be at mv side. He awoke my 
interest in a thonwnif new Ihiugu. To be 
his Ht conijkiniut), I felt I mnst read books 
which I hail never even seen, nml ihcoe ho 
gladly lent me from the library at the UaliX. 


18 lJar4.iM7.] 



Onu (lay when I wm there, nnA he was Imoliiic 
npaome volume for me, my eyyM'iwnllmcrpd 
ton. dniwerwliich w.-w imrily cpoii. I looked 
into it. It wax fall of bvaiiliful ^ems, delt< 
cite fiuitnelH, aiul mosnica, tliat he Kail 
brotitrht fit)ru Itftljr; aijO, in the fiirtliMt 
• 'lerin^ ill iho d&rkuefia, lay Gumt> 

1 1 veil piatoU. 

•■:5!iiiL that Untwcr, ndcnft!" eaiil Sir 
E<lwar4l, tieivoly, liiraing round Buddenly, 
ftlnl 8f.'lD;i; wlieie I stood, 

I obeyeti, and Innghin^ly HBked if it wna a iilii,' Heard's uiipl>o:inl. Itut I got no 

1 wlien T looked round, Sir K«iward 

\: V walehing nic, all colour youe from 

his checks — nil lendertirss from his eyes. 

Bid you ngiuu etaiid l>ctw€cn and part Uft, 
lAwi-eticii t 

Edw:ird had promised to walk with me 
on til I •<n the evening of tho d;iy 

but '. i'«t fixed for my wedding. I 

w:ia i>iiii<'ni.u I 'I itiy apiiuiiitiaeiit. Tliu sUible 
clock at the Hail ruu-j out viyht as I leaiOn..! 
the brid^^e whicli, CTtw^ins llie rlver, leadu 
into t1i'.> liATk, and whioh wna our usual 
trynling-pmce ; but no £dwnrd yfwi there. 
1 waited till nine oVIt^k^Aiid then, fnghlened 
at hitf uot coming, mn lo ihe llall writh beat- 
ing Ileal t »ud dark miajjiviiig*. 

Sir Edw.ixd \va» in the libuiry, but very busy, 
tho servant wiid, in ai«wer to iny imiuiry. 
lie couM not be too busy to aco me, 1 
Uioti-^ht, flo 1 heeded not what else tlie uinn 
said, but went rjuickly to the library. , 

"i'ol-iiivl relei-aon is deinl !" anid Sir Etl- 
waril e;ij.'erly when I hurst into the room, 
" I fwu stjrry I have broken »iy a}>|K)inluient 
but lluse genileiuen," and lie bowed to two 
wh'MU I recognised as leading {^eohle in our 
littlr town, "nave already honoureil roe with 
a renuest thtit I ahall sut>|ily Lis place. You 
had better go homo now. ' 

I felt fud AS ] walked home. It wba 
wrongs however, I knew, to tnind timt Sir 
Edwjird aeemed eugntsseil in this nudden 
prospect of filtering the jiolitiLid fiirld, wh«rc 
he Uingi^I to dibtiuguish himself; and I 
made many resolutions not to think of my 
own cliiims, or to mlud how I, for a whUe, 
ini|;hl \<*i discarded. 

Our nianiage was put off. Sir Kdward 
was fully occupied with the chwiees of 
his I'let-tion. Panl went up to London, 
ami 1 Wijged him not to hojilen hunie ; for 1 
dclcriniued to conquer the old feeling of lone- 
liueM wkifli was creeping over rac, and not 
to own its power by requiring him as acom- 
jiituion. Two or three days aller he had left 
me, 1 was silting iu the i-vening iv.'tding iu 
the drawing-room. The morning of that day 
ha*l Wen suunynnd bright; but, iu theevcuing, 
A heavy, grey mist had ch.iscd round the dale, 
and sad feelings of depression had come over 
mu. tMwjii-d had bet;u only once to see me 
in my .ioUtude ; and, iu that short viVit, ho had 
aeemed abstracted and half-longing to be 
goUe. I knew that, fair as his clifuioe was, 

there was yet need ^r exertion, aji two oth 
candjdat€4 had come forward. I knew th| 
wa<3 much oi^cu pied ; blitl it w?i9 il 
keep luy resoluiion of nut miudin;^ hom 
he might aeem to neglect me. The wind i 
i-ain Bounded bo dreary, and roy heart was J 
heavy, that at length I buried my face In ODf] 
band's and sobbed. 


A nnco at the door startled mo. I wip 
away «iy teaiu It niiwl bo Kdward. ', 
hasty and unjust I bad be<<ii ; I nxie to mtitj 
him, but inttewl of IVlward I saw 
"Helena," ho said, "before I hnd etfi 
time to exclaim at his sudflrn iip|> 
almost to notice his wet, diiiorlerL": 
have beard some dreaclful news iu Lpubilos. ^ 
and I have hastened straight home to tell J 
you it — to warn and *iave vou." 

"Oh! Ull mo quickly,' Paul," IgsdjwJ:] 
''what is it I iio not atop to hreu D^ 
to me, but tell me. Anything is better (Jua j 

"Hear it bravely then, Helena," he mU; 
bat he himself was pole and ircmUli ■■.»:.'! 
as he continued, his voico laak 
hoane whi»iKT, — "Sir Edward £: 
Lawrence's niurdorer." 

I uttered a herce coDtradlctioQ ; and Ifl^J 
defiantly indignant. 

•'Alas, llelena!" aaid Rral, 
per«4>n who toM me — a Signor Ciirti- 
atood beside Lawrence as his neoond it iJi* ] 
duel ; but had promist:d him, a^i h>' 
never to reveal by whose hruid )<< 
the challenge had been tanntingly ^...> 
the oUVuce pitile»Bly avenge*!. The i 
arose about some girl ih»?y both ado 
a Miss Orahani — and I^wrenco knivv, ] 
[>o»e, what sharae would clog his ; 
aary's steps were liis crime known." 

" Yefl, Lawrence'a generosity wotildhetrt*' 
till death," I broke u», *' but, oh ! 
must be deceiving ua: it cam. 
Edward who has done this cruel >i 

"Ho showed me the letter, i 
which Lawrence askt-d htm t' ' 
and in which Sir I-MwardV 
tioncd. Nay, he had even i 
him in Lonilon, which had K 
nud bore his crest and initial 
chiUiged weapons before fighting, i 
must be in Sir KdM'ard's po-^euaiun, < 
they were that clumi^y old pair that uj* 
father had mended up for him. 

" 1 have seen them," i said. Alas 1 I < 
no longer doubt PauPs slatement ; for, ' 
fearful distinctness, the scene in tho T 
libr:»Ty flashed l»ack iii><>n my mind — thai 
drawer, the bright pistols*, Sir J&lward'a 
rigid and white wiffi idimu — and I wond 
how even my trustful love could have 1 
me to the truth fur so long. 

''Corti would never have broken hl« 
mise, Helena, if it hatl not been ueccsaary 1 
do so, to save you from marrying yo 

niunJercr. Repoit liftd told him 
wrn; nl)uat to ci''." 
live nie Iroui it,* Paul^** X exclnimed, 

11 I'.K'.IIl t *' 

, yon tniMii(](>ratn.iit] met*' 

i!i Uirit your duty (tiitl your 

[-AtlccUoti ouzlil to strengthen you 

buce Sir E^lwanl. I cjin hardly 

h&l yoa will Ciud it ti (Ufllcult tivslc, * 

, bitterly, " not to love your brotber'a 

not tnlcfl tack my love, PanL I 
-■ -^ r -V dt'llnite rejwon ; it 
" -ed iustiiiol, and now, 

[ -^ i.iiU wliiitlic is, I cftMiiot 

t part from E<l<vai-*). it nmy be 
U(i unnnlural of me ; but I cannot !" 
nnttl ftloud with horror. " Why did 
kllow thin cugngtitut'ut i ** he niut- 

think of Uio terriblo nmorse he 
*re Butrt^revl, dear Pikul,*' I pleaded, 
' Ik cnltii. 

pact county IIcleDa, Lia so cruelly ile- 
I'll, »!i rtiuorsf. Xo ; you must and 
uik off ibid en^'agemeut. His guiU 
>eUed any promi843 you caa hixve 

t stroDger-hearied than I seem," 
'i*!Ml. .-illSungh tlie whole world cry 
I Uie, 1 will stand by iiim, 
M .lid strengtheuini* him to a 

iBuUuti-«. I know you colt tear and 
AWAv now ; but, when I am of age, 
rUlg freO from you and return to Sir 

thcra firm and resolute. A ■'■ \ 

at uiy li«;arl, and terror strn; 

love ; but still it lived in»mrii»u>ti_v 

ouiid upi, u it icemed, wiili my Ufe. 


tiight," I Bud, ikod DOTcd tovorda 

luoed me by tba arm. 
^ ** be said, and his voice itraa 
calm, _ " the dut«rminatlon to 
por ftMiiiacy forc«8 me ; auil from 

r- prtwer aliali make me 

■'■'rM*t in vour ret' to 

ir EdwanI, 1 will make 

every borne aroond. No 

r.i.Lw jioiijt at liini, and cry, 

r 1 * no mother but Ahall pray that 

Si^t .ii:.i- lint live to luve Ijke you. 

Alalia, that the people of 

fu choose blm, bis name 

i««i and blackened, for ttieir repre- 

I Tbty will not— they aball not — 

liaro power to move tbeiu. Mur- 

tTf>r M ho ifl, what sboubi it; 

o has 1u«t heaven, if tbia 

• socceaa escape him t I 

1 yiiir ].owcr to pnvent tbis : make 



0«Ri3i Up to my own room, and 

threw mysvlf on the bed. I Jay sobbing in 
the darkncAH till Pnnl benrd me, ami eanm 
to xnf. 1 would not lia'en to him ; bntiumed 
away with iin^Ty dread. When bo had left 
me, I rose from my bed. went to the op^o 
window, auil, leaning out, strove to fit>e 
througli black viimucy the Hall, wbere Sir 
Edward wjia filr(![iiiig, ignorant of my wild 
despair. The night-air cooled my buminjf 
cheeka, and the pfaccful sileace, only brnkeii 
by the roar of the disUnt tide, stilled my 
puaionate ^'rief. I koeltdown anil pmyrJ. I 
prayed th^t my love might be uuselfidfa, and 
that I mii^ht, if neces8.irv, be strong enough 
to sacritice my own happmcM to hi.'i. 

Slowly but surely the conviction stole upon 
me that, to do rjirbt, I niu^it give him rtp., 
1 tried to i-eaiat it. I grapnled with it ; bnt 
in vain. It nifiatered mo. Ine impetuosity of 
bis lore hail been trampled down by* his 
ambition, I did not love bim the Icsaforthis. 
It merely m.ideme long that, when bis ambi- 
tion was gratilicd, 1 nii^ht be tMHnht how to 
win baok his first great love. Paul acted 
with crmd an*! unerring^ forcsigiit, when 
he bad made ibo :iltet-nati\'e> of my re- 
fusing to give up Sir lulwunl the atm'tst 
certain loss of bis electioDi ami he but! rightl v 
guessed the conclusion I should work ou\ 
in my own mind. For I felt that Sir 
Edward, trinmidixuit in hix election, and 
carried by it into new scenes and society, 
would f*i>on forget me, and any)>ain realgninj; 
me might at first c^st him. 

The litiwu crept slowly on, and the groat 
white liliee, that I bad planted otit in the 
■■■'"'l-?n to make it cay for Paul when I 
ild be gone, grew into diatinctnesa, pr-int- 
i.'s with their golden fingersi towar<ls 
heaven. I atill knell by the wiuilow, Jirav ing 
that [ might not shrink from the sacritice. 

What Sir JEMwnrd answered, when Paul 
wrote Ut hini to tell him of my determinaliou 
to break oflf the engagement, ] was never 
told exactly^ but I fiincy hia reply eonsitilefl 
chiedy of thanka for the'ttssumncc, which I 
had made Paul promise to give, that hia 
secret shoidd not escape through us. I had 
a»l.'cd Paul to write, beamne I couM not 
have borne to do so without giving any 
explanation, and ilio only true one would 
have bound Mir 1-Mwurd in honour to 
bold to bis 'engagement. 

For several duy* nfter that terrible uigbt 
I lay in a death-like stupor. The merrj 
church-bells woke me from it 

" Is it my wcddiiig-d(iy4o-dfty ? ** t asked, 
as I sickened tiack into half-cousctoua- 

" Oh, Miss Helena J ** s&i.l Jane, who hod 
watched with Paul by me, "I am right glad 
to bear vour voice ngain. It's no wrdding. 
'ilie Im^IU are ringing for Sir Jvlw.ird — Sir 
Edward, Misa." — .She gueasotl rightly that 
name would rouso me. ** He'd won the 
election, and he's giveu th« ringers a jHiw«r 
o* money.** 





the J 

ow«r ,^H 

5)0 (>«lr «. mj.} 


A floO'I of recollectioa wiu let Imiso. It 
VfUB all tiio ti-u<i: ! I lunietl tiiy fn'.'« to Ihe 
wall—I wept l.iUer tcara. ** Ot I lUttt I LaJ 
ft luutliur to coiiifyrt me." 


TnnKB ycATs finsani. An noon as I r&- 
coTtTfil from my illnesa 1 resunie>l my liotise- 
hoM ttiittes. I evcu went oiii ia thu Icwd, 
aftur I heiirtl of Sir Kihvjinl'A departure tor 
IxTidou i for I knew that the Idii^it it was 
deterrwi tlie more jwunfal wouM il Iw to me 
to levitiit. the pincea which liis pifHeiiee hml 
mAUa so dear. I strove hiu'J to conquer my 
grieC In the daytime, by conalrtut o-jcup*- 
tion, to wliicU I forced iny»ir, I iMiitiivud 
to drive it fcuni mo ^ but, nl nigbt-i whtrn I 
wmi alutie, it fipfaiig Trom iia liiJiug-pliice, 
Hkti Kome honid AiH-cti*?, niid stnrcd iu*.'< in 
iho fiico with reletitlvrts eyos. Sir E»lwnrJ 
■eldoiu uiiue t>j l^tubendale, and, during thtroo 
raro visit^ I never li-ft the huiit>e. lli^ career 
in public wHa brillioiil. Ifnd I not jMiid fur it 
denrlyT Even in bia alweuee he continued 
to do much good finiongAt Iua poorer teunuts; 
aTuI if evt'r, by. chance, lliey forgot my jwst 
history and in n)y vitiits nanitil biiu to me, il 
w;t8 *ilii love aud reaiwci for his cbarxicter. 
If, instead of receiving< npprobation, he 
hihl beoD branded tuid coiideiuutd by the 
world, would be not have sunk lu bis own 
aelf-reapt^t, and have veriBed the tit^ustly 
bni'^li upliiiuQ of the public'! 

My love for him never ■raver«L The recoU 
Ivotioii of thoaa few happy week* wheu I 
ha>l been hia, gradually became more and 
luoie droam-like ; but my luvo continued 
nuqiieuclied. For many iDoiith» Faul and 
I led a life of ftilent aulagouism. Akbough 
I Irifd to forgive, I could not furget what 
he had done, and 1 ilo not think I couHidere^l 
enough how little he had evir undrrHluod, 
or even been capable of niidcr»t.iuding, 
my devotion to Mr Edward, or lunv much 
of hiji childish exi>eriencea had l>eeu calcu- 
late*! to Lncrea<U] his UAtumlly hai^li, uufur- 
giving dispoaition. Hannah, loving l^iwrcuce 
the most for bis little wiuHOiue, s^HU'tful 
wajB, had ofleu unknowingly checked ("aura 
airk-tiouate impulses. Once as I w.'itclicd him 
reading, aud noticed the liues of cure aud 
thought deepening on his face, I wa« startled 
into a painful cunKciouffnesH of wliuL :l love- 
lesa lite wo led; only brother and sister to 
each other as we wore. 1 was humbled by 
my sorrow, and I did not reprt-as the thought 
that perhaps it wan my fa\tlt for nlwavs 
Btriviiig aiia chafing againat hia will, instead 
of showing him a loving submiaaion. With a 
suddeu itikpulse I sprang up, and flung my 
arms round his neck. " I do love you, Paul," 
I murniuix><h " I really do.'* I feared he 
might put me coUllv from him. I feh half 
oahftmed that I bad not I'estrained myiKlf ; 
but lii« low, " (iod hless you for this, 
llcWua," dis{>ellcd all duuhta, luid thrilled 
me with joy. Tliofic few words seemed to 

dr«v UB closer together than I couM 
have deemed possible ; and I strnv 
utmost to hold iikst what I hod g&iMd^ 


OlH! day I was itturuinic ^iff-vlv li.^mc 
after a morning epent at the 
saw the doctor ru:ih j)aat me '~ 
or word of recognition. A s 
him, hot and out of breath. I ^ 
livery — it was Sir Edwiinl's I .- 

I " Who b ill at the Hall ? " t aaktii IM] 
man, a stninger to me, Biare<l at me s fbf,] 
auppnse, r looked wild and eager. 

"Sir Edwani," he said, "ho'** got ti ftftt^ 

I told him laut night he h.'id fietltT hat% ! 

the doctor, but ho wouldn*c h&tou lo oii^ I 

and now he'll want the doctor and the nonua , 


I Terror aoeniod to give me strength. I gel 
to the Hall without stopping to think. I 
opened a sidenlonr that I know was leA ! 
unlocked, aud sprang up the wide ataira, and { 
on — on — into Sir Kdward's presence, A wild^ j 
ringing Uugh ^reeled me— 

" Ha ! Utdena ! " he screamed in ■ 
' riura, ''is that yon t and whcvo is 1^' 
' — poor, bleeding L;iwreuce ! " JJia eyo j;t.ucj 
' with fever. 

Paul utood at the lM>dflide ; b- '' * i*"*- 

fjLCe to face with his enemy, ' 
which he had not dared to ili 
moDS to give spiritual pence i<: 
one/who. the messenger had - 
point of deal)). He saw mo txa X 
but he did not send me away. The 
forgotten in that awful preseuL 

£ong, we^ry days of watching fullowedL 
Onl-of-donrs, 1 reuieiuber, evcrylhin 
bright and joyous in the eiinimer 
All dny the belting ot the deer, an-' 
sweet nntfs of birds CAJIiiig to eri. 
came flo-ntiug through (bo open wiu' 
the diirki-ned room ', nud I could i 
tfie per)|jlc |)aasing through the i«irk l 
gaily in the aunahme. It aeomed as 
full measure of my nti.tery, lienealfa 
weight of which I ttiought my heart 
surely break, wt:re but n little <irop of i 
row m the great stream of glad (i(% ' 
eddied S|<arkling on, uutrnubletl, nnr' 
It was terrible to see Sir Edw.i ' 
(0 he able to give him no i^ 
him shriek in his delirium li^< i>ii> *.vt- 
uicntcd, and have no power to soothe. IaW* 
rencc'a deuth-seeuc seemed to huuul 'i'" ''^* 
a ghastly vi^ion. He nientlnnifd I 
perpetually, in rapid, Ineuhereiit t 
that wercsometimeBlialf-ItutiiLn, andot wbioli 
I could only guess the sad meaning i^ftrn 
his voice sank to a low moaning fur ' 
but, when I came forward and B[>oke : 
hojiiug that as :it first he would recognisi.- n;e— , 
he shrunk shud^lering away witli fhul er«% i 
seeing in me only my likeness to Lttwreiico; | 
whoue face, aa he last loured upon it, wh , 


V-Or «.!■;.) fl 

.bs ^^ mtaoiA ai^ of our 
^nS«^V»7 tkaS tW f^TikiaB, br vbom Btul 

•use vf IW anrift^- 

f.v»-T !:*«■ -rwvrL f knew that he v«j 

aM v.Ut him, I h.'mDj doaUed, nJi«f 

m»rA, Hk nntfl «|M*Kin immecli- 

' ■niararf tW raooi vitfa m qmet, 

fnail I oottld kardly br.^r '.hr* -^tia. 

W Um^ SBmontts. I cre^ 

Ba>t»-rapa^uid ittiod there h: 

J Tiinly trr in:; t*-' ; ; ; 

a rrrlirt < f I'T-" -t ' I 

Sir W'wjirU ■ .« « 

htle be ic« his 

'.-;Lmc to me 

■ ''t 

, «M Paul iuUort 
iflBimin. TV" 
i« th« i 

•lUi iha»t, te^hi aiuach whI awaliuw 

-1 laj ihcrv vat do hope I "* said 
•jfcmUi cafD« aii<l wont quidc. 
A iAadow," Ihe pbTMciiiii r«p1ieil ; 
a dnaee of ntortij with tfaiit 
1 am aac a{)t to give up a caf' 
iTcB*! guaeil much 1^ bringing ri> 
- " *ie adtieJ. Irghlly, as lu 
1 > tha ^ilerr, 
ii the room ; bat my 
ihe ground lilte 
i*-*! tltcre, in the 
. ij'ir;i-.- Iaad»^il wi' 
'J- :i; -iifsh my faitl. 
? itfl Tictim, 

:..•■■;, It <■'. i-.TTi(.IcaenaB 
'? i.i.!ii:i met-: raving 
III'. -■! Ml. '■ ' )y 

t I i!i;. re:. — 

i;:VrLi 1...: i 

f^-'i'y ul i-nt I 111 u' ton. 

dar^i^ 1 h'-iij-i 111 
rrpmifh'i lu di.'l:Ti 
laHKM «a3 dtnoat!'' 

JA ti*c3n :■■■ ---■-: 'I Uf 
Ihtva.-'i I'-c tan 
» *rf Itr-jiriif- T'-'-- 
.jU*d '■ • ' « 

' wiir I JrtngwJ for it r& rw* 
BMBKDh'. s an I did thai 

V^M Wf>' it's hini. I Slip- 

same ex|jectation 
I'i »ocie w»y I<r»ru 
DC 1 IJ3J Ltfn I" i.iiji; iilKi, before d^Alh, 
otkt vcrd or look of gratitude 1 
, dittCi^^ADad and comfifft^ and went 
lu hiui. 

.9 of thm fafgf pawed. Sir Edward's 

d been apcst in the for/ of hia 

id he lay prostrate and weak a» a 

. I;* ItTrd, uiv [irAvew were 

Usd Lowed \tuy near ; 

_ _ ; -II Uw cuutmatid^ he upraad Lt» bln-^^ 
{WMoa and flad. 1 walfbed oft dajr and uig:. 

1 1... 

by Sir Elward tQt h« was out of daiigcT*miul 
hW conadoiiaDeia r«Uii««d. Tbco IWii hid* 
ine go hoiBe. aaJ thov waa a gontla pdty ia 
hlj Tries that filled my heart with anew * 


He atni sCaTsd at the HaQ, nmnang S3r 
Edirxrd. Twice or tlir#e tinupa every day 
he sent me short balletios ; and, on the tafwc- 

Ution C*' "'-^^ - T -"■"-' '"i-r-" I'- '■ !"-<:- 

•are thu'. . _ 

him. and veariitng more and 
forcirenns. One day Otw.>- i 

wer-k nfier the crisiB) Faal*a oote waa iociger 
tlon it had ever beea be/orek 

**I HaTe toU Sir EU<nr4 Cf«f7tlttii|— ny OirrU 
wfaidi lleATira bu Uii|kt dm Io rrpniL itxl t m.r i>.-tS> 
Cm. irii ytj vkea I loM htm » 
frvm lu», trui M> frrat Out I ««■ (^ i 

rSrcta tl^ould Uuvw kiia bsclc. I m-oU U^l jsa vl4t 
be Mv* : fnr, *t (j » mu t it mmU tw ^Mfrmn fcr Ua 

-'X lit drduw, thM I »n qei'te dw ti nd hi 

u%t tM fell M MBtm la BMetii^ «■ ; aai 

* cnlr fnm • kuaat dulrt la iiMika twry 

• [Mivrf, tikil, br pnnf Kve ihU llnnj, 

t'onw »e Bear bi^ 11^ Mr*. tt<st ha 

Lati » #i.' ■->;enr.]; rrlacuan te U" 

bu) M (Irrjil} trijorvj ; bai thu, " 

joo, btfr!' ' ■■- '^- '■ -•■ ■ •.-.^t 

US. lle^ ' l.c hu 

»'u-i, I .- ■ :.>:: . ■. I r>l ■,. .-jj or 

IJ,. : 


biin itf li:- ' liwl be luui kiric-TUnnni Mtt la 

f\f%A fnr >(iiB till bt cuulil pn>\-<'. ^f bb 

■ «nl vtUpoeitiea, i' * " I 
Tb««t an aca- 

<i to b»*« «««n TO«i ...1 

aJI .' <.bi9 Tikil to IJf-tirmJiIr : knd 

lOur uiawtT, Ln ptrAI ttirsmirc, 

bM ilmtrortL — YotiM, T. M." 

My toars feU fiwt and tliick A9 I fiuiabed 
Oiia Utier, but through Ihrro I aaw 
T^wrence'a eye* shimog from lits jiurtrait 
• It the wall, — lirHrbl and e\vti\, aud it 
aeemed to ate aa If his epirii a^wke through 
Ihicni, rejoicing with me, aud laactiouiug my 
perfect happineaa. 

*" Helena," said Sir Edward to roe the 
other day, " miserable aa thc«e three yearn 
were, eVt'O M it v«r« possible, 1 vuuld 
not liavi} them nadooa. They tauiffat 
nic how precious yon were ; and, in striving 
to win yon back, my love iw you helped 
tn« to orerooroe evU in many a fierce 

- lime haa done ns all aooA," I 
" It mnde I'^iiil and me lore eaoti other, as «« 
sh'-iM herer olL<j-wii» hare done. I 
w corrow is acnt with dirinoly 

but ft (J&; of gtulnns 






23 iio»r*.m:. 



"0 Uthy, Imby," aaiJ K«Uv*rrf, cAtehinc 

up our little yii'l frum tlio l!r»or, " we will 

, never U't you marry Kuch a wioUt"! iiinii t\» 

Sir C-Jward Sumforil, thougli mamma lias 

dono ftc^ — will wo I '* 


Thb featwrea of tliia region of onclinutmcnt 
aiv pn-tty mn^Ii the Bamo &11 lite world over, 
exwpting nlwnyM the tawdry effbrts of pro- 
vinotal tlivrttnttdifliiijBure and fatal awakeutr 
frum ftlt ronmtitic nutiotie. In tli« wide 
doiiiiutt of the great metropolitin boardrt 
there ore no eHfh jarrinif associations. 
The colijui-iii^, fit-cn aCir olV tlirough the 
mltity hiWM jilwiiyB floating over tho ]Mir- 
teri'p, is stiftL'iied aw»y int<i a g^lijen viaiuu ; 
while all other «lnge trickerie* bccoiin; In- 
ve-ityd with * certain dignity that forliids 
niiy degrftdifi" \^,^.^*■ It ii one mig^i.iliceut 
sham, in ^^ I ' levers couiini* lo wor- 

ship lisvc u . i:\iih, and would gneve 

tu he awakened tVom tlioir delusion. K-«pi'- 
ciully U thera a certain gniidetit- in the 
A&poct of a grt-at Hiris o|M'nidinii(se, very iu- 
Bpiring even to hj.iac habitue's, wlien impe- 
rial vititora are exp^ctud to occupy the };raud 
l<»i;e on the left, and tlie stalls below aro 
crowded lo tli'.- tuU, i»nd the balcony tiers are 
|H.'(>piWd with nol)lo linlies, r^^uud whum iloat 
climdn of snowy musUu— all so many pictures 
in gorgeous Ruld anrt crim*ni aeltin^. fur 
every whciv is thfre yold Aodoiiinson — golden 
8liictd8 and giti'Unda an thUsnme nch crim- 
son ;4rftniid. Tliere in a fiotnl of white Bub- 
dueil light from lustres illfru8inij» everytliiny. 
The grand armv in tlio orcheslra, ranj^ed 
in uiittiy long fileA )>eliinil each otiicr, are 
ftiTayeil in gidji coi»tuiiiP — white tiea and 
cvehin^ gariuents — to do honour to tlio ' 
auguat prej<>ence on the lef\, «u(in ex[»eeteil tu I 
be liere. Uy-und-by, a rustic and gi-ncral 
flulterrnnning ri.intid,and npliirnin:^ (if ta>;<'s in 
tlie pftrlt-rn', U*li>kLMi that Iterie-'ith the i,'<j]deu | 
ci'tiwnrtud lA'ei«pi'inUlcddnipt*rif^of tlie^rand i 
loge viaitnrs liavc arrived, and ni-e bestowing, 
themsf'lvea in their plico*. • ThotH) who ait! 
op|>08ile can discern, through the ofien dour, | 
the tall figure of a Cent Garde, keeping vralch j 
nn>l ward in the corridor. After an insiant'a 
fiirtlier delay, the chef apjxtai-s 8nd«lenly iu i 
tho i-ivheatra — a man wiih liigli bftlil crown 
and f»|>*^ctHele?. He opens liis music hastily, 
and, loukiug around luiu, lifiA hiit h^ton lu 
thu .\ir. Ilien, one, two, three, and from a 
tone, mysteriuiia comer riae.'t the anbduetl 
tremolo of the drum. An exciting, Boub 
stirring moment thai, if it Ite t)iu Hint ntght 
of a Urw opera — SI. Verdi'a V'fipres, say — in 
which the I'luiaiou public takes ciceeding 

f^npposing it now to have reached the end 
• of tlie upetitng act, and that the parties who 
purvey tliat iugcuious Bheol, L'l.lntrcaelo, ihy 
evening juuruixis, and lorgnettes, «tv all bu«y 

!with ili"»lr calMngfl, the ctirioii- 
I looking abont hint, will nMc th-i' 
deep in those evening [ 
mere seats are vuid, 
cuiioniily with n Itn:»t ore i"iiii';i o! t 
handkort-hief, ThU is but a hign tliat IM 
alienee of the late occnpnnt 13 only 
rary, and that he will **hurtly retuf 
resiinle his riglitA, ftnt ho wilt lf>'- 
attriLcted by a door tt>wM'da the t ] 
orchestra opening every now -tr. I 
swinging; to behind men of nil 
ties. That swingini; dour, I 
leads to the mystic regions oi lii> 
Those gentlcmcu ha%-c t>erpctnal 
hind the scenes; and it is by th*. i, in-iitj 
likely, th.'it the white mementOM hMVi> )mt 
loft on the parteriv A<>!Ata. 

I>ehind tlmt awful door, aits always a stoft^ 
Cerlwrua — stern, that U, to all • ' 
without just title of entry, but 
endowed with persuasive and \:. ■ 
manners. He has come !u cmtact 
nmny ranks and characters, that 
grown in some sort to be a man of the } 
But, in matters connected with dal^i 
utterly inflexible. To those whose : 
wanting on the little roll that )i»n<!9 
liim, neither prayers, norsoi>i1 
nor gold itself, can open th-. 
man i.t known to be incorrupunn?. .Si.i 
bcrus is not t>> )>e iiediice<l. 

Snpposirig, however, the slnin-^''^ ' ' ''" 
cemented friendly relations wiih • 
orcInjstra,or tlmt M, le Uii-ccteur i..-= 
furuislied liiiu with a jMisseiHtrt, and '__ 
has Bwong-to behind him, he will finil 
selE^ after a few fltepa forward, i(t n v«i^ 
strange autl itovel scene. To say uutiiiuji of J 
the uiViitcries overhead — the pull'>>.i and] 
wu-dage, tike the i'i{i?iiig of a great ^liiti, U*^ 
pondenms btla ol scenic fiimiture <- 
slowly, the fiijiirea seen high in then 
acntsw frail bridgea — he will Iv more ym 
with the stranger scene going i>u 
Jlero w a flo<xl of peiiple iif'' ■■' • 
that same swinging d(*or, w) 

seeking out their own friend- 

Great t-jppling structurea nri- I.viug : 
forward by strong arms to the fiifitU 
are sirigerH walking to and fro, cha^ 
their* purts a«^fily to themsHvfg; balU 
disirartin^ fancifully, for pnu* 
centre of the atago ; ciipl^u 
with their lieuteniuita and suliur^iiuatu 
ing ourionsly into out-of-the-way 
and by jjJaoea ; M. le iJin'CL-nr hi 
walking up anddown thonghti'nlly — in cIl 
ing tpiriu if the house be oruwded Co iuc 
veuienee. 'fliyi'e mu^fc he a-lded t/) this, 
perfect Uabel of many ttiiigtiu*, of u'.kIk . 
itniini«o<i, angry chiding, and ine 
able laughter, fi\MU the lively gi- . 
tf-rcd over the stage. In the muLst 
all thit, a vnipe is heard euuiiding ch 
abuve ihe storm, "t'lrar the stage, uieasivwr, 
et raewlaTnea I the curtuiu ia abuut to xiwj 

Mr c- 

V Uui vpmxmg jA *£t Um 


k^itfe b*lu:.»~'a eighth 

'wTi/ of eocmter- 

bave 1i#«a kaowB 

\o toBOt cTtah' 

"Siym u»i then 

I irop from aK-— —^•'- - 

At 1^ feki u:: - 

, tfW W tcBklBd ta took aova 
■*j W CBoaiis Mxt, be mftj 
LlmMJf & db«r*af as m«m «io- 
tltuffc 1o tbo dooiii — 

E pi^rous njtitfbigf to % 

_ , T« cadi pilfiUti 

'tfttviL Thctielor* ku 

> fvrttosi portwo of tke 

' Ikat ocaxcst to tbe cuztua — 

ftad fortbo*! r«noTc>^ 

' AnI at York pcactiaBag rtcy^ 

1- .' ;tiiis pcirpo*- - 

:« Ibe l06tE iag-^fcUF^' 

vocd. To Mch «lei-«tir.- 

. ..L^ms lUsMoac taiao h*r i-'^. ><i'i 
k««p il cii«7v pnw«4 5lLir iminj miaatu. Thia 
pro':Ta8 » e car»a |iror**r *I.-islWliiy fer vha( 
1« tcmed : vHT coBBguars 

»vre. After maea of tblt 

i^x.eretsf', tnA.Utt'O: - ta lier wa 

huuU A ^^cdi - walcxiii^pwCv 

' and, vilh abaatUaee bf gTAtci^ HDCvnb 

j to qiriuLla a iiaiH drcle ta ii«at of 
the glaat. >Tn|« adiaJnn look oa ta 
ccstaiy. Biafleaiai»elW*a own partimbr war- 
'' r;<r kolJing tJM aaiir^d vateni^^oL 
.i CiiIUvs a c*ri«a ol U)I4 tfiriM— tnirv 
— ^ aa ikej ata talU — aail aOiM- Iqsfai 
grmaBitkay Bciil Moodeur V/Lxtxiimtar — 
tbatv ia no vMh j» ya <iwl Wsng a» a caP- 
bojr — oatU Uoodear rAmtiaanu- draw* 
near and Lnforau madeoMwlU tbu ItM koor 
baaooiBe; thertttt»a<i, maifawiaiiini AJkalgly 

i witbiSmn eertua ^mmr^ m ^trm m^koA SaA 
aikl oUi~ ' iaiK»] to Um 

tiat of d-r i in an htetaot 

baa aaWt.i-i^*! ejcw vt-.-^zw Alia abon far 

I Um BMre ciierljr oMi« ia vfajdi i^ baa bMs 

'■•^■^ -'";;. Tbe woribipprr ta priTUeged to 

, asMl I'wka o« rvfcrratl/ at fcla 

OTcn eh* maotc-- 
> atiier duoTJ;, eacb Ir 
r Af nj»tfi7. Tkus is 
^ mcftUry — wb«ii \^ 

c oftfttt ibto ibe ili&cui i 

tb« oibvr ia1« lUitC 

vM a ti»T- 

^ ial4« in 

, RlKi •(III ^'IK'S- 

raweoU of tLn- 

[ ^mrlBicxLt, / 
ttAdWle aa'i 

nt'twt II tbeir tsni. tb 
Ui BuJtf tbvir cariT repi- 
•{<«ra, tbe m»e*txt»1uilifici! 
Sa lib* qtb«r talte— tbat an 
fgBaeiiir - 

kfOkiag-gbMes rcadklb^ to 
eoDgr^gala tbfl di m a Mey 
I ta nowjr pmja. Amta*- 

I b<wv, nigbt after 

im« of ba ibort . 

. ^ dm* «fUfi too YerY BwUr/ 
taxn 1^ ecc a|Jiti Maa of all invxai. 
m^m |M>ttai|{ a bat fiusb to a>«^ir 
^^Knasy HHn u« d«ol«r*ii roor^l 
■■ (»c«nnf friesd— «&rtnxiatci7 
M |B4» — vbo if dlatriboUnj; boo- 
ll aiAcr rvrrt poafeakia. 
kavm to go oa iKQ taa 

ibr fifat-daM aiiiatct, in 

rebeane utA receire in- 

: i^^ecUUtiea ; lor, 

.1 dradiiery At tbtac 

^l.iu^a^ L^a^^i*ic4, u.:c by dt& witb tbat 

o4.b<ir roffo of •faa^tlfla aaJ cndtaatmvii. 

\\m^ tbein n a ImwiaaUl tanuaj^ 

vodted ««arilT by tbv Mkj aM 

tJ»e ftfa&anAb. All mnat baa4 

-.era traiiubg rapiaea, aaii Fala 

-,Ui ^ a a sordr w FhtUda Mon— 

jmitial ficKft aU)t« befun the 

;'•:; b*HerTTLt.« n* Vfrr? tbe 

to tbe l*bl aoeoaa yani ncat uf 

.^.. VoT dnEwy, awl at the 

\iw very canoai^ arc tbe •»!«« at 

L..u« killrt nbaarvki. ia dall tbeatricd 6aj. 

ligbl, tf oal J from tha «UVkf;e eonlzaat to ba 

•^^M i' .-rv. S<nM WUea amre augatfioentlr, 

^ijTia^fl* dirava I7 Eiultab bonea, 

rbly hjabUol in ooaUy Aiwtt, «iiUc 

' tbeai ceamla a Toai« awtafa bi nMaa, 

hy tfarawtrta, w»o baa had to im^S* it 

;i.^ waa ranota inartkr. The etmiBar 

wbo ta prrins oario^'V •t'^*. "'^ **^ »<*• 

of tbdr boow^ lj«« ^ggf*^ "g*.,^ 

U-_L ■OB. ■» eaqtwta bile oovCraetW 

d^««SrU;«h«»tkea*|*arrfjke It. -rlj 

baaif* a«t of all •»«!1^ "^ ''^ 

^ ,y4»- Yet doM lariiiii 111 II 

L^.e v.-iu 



[July i m: 

accost her huruble sister with eiuKular grace 
ami kiiidiiess, ami aulTer heraeli" to be ad- 
ilrossi'.l on the samo easy leims. Further, if 
the poor aui)emuui6raire haa met with some 
grievous accident, or lias fiiUen sick ami in 
thus hindered from supporting her large 
family, mademoiselle has oeen often known 
to take up the case with a sort of furore, 
going round among her brother and Kiater 
artistes, gathering moneys for the distressed. 
A (hish of piety, too, occasionally seasons the 
light manners of the Coulisses, most of the 
young ladii's attending mass regularly cv<ry 
Sunday, and being otnerwise devout. They 
may be found burning their votive camllus 
before Onr Lady's altar, in the hu^o of de- 
liverance from some little trouble, riiey are 
given to little nilgrimages to holy places. 
and jmiy earnestly, poor souls ! too often, it 
is to be feared, thai some erratic lover may 
be given back to them. 

Ketuming again to this day rehearsal, 
which may he likened to a sort of bivouac, 
the contcn!i)lative stranger will find many 
more .«ulijeota for his recreation. Looking 
round him, he will discover some seatetl in 
remote corners, deep in Sue or Paul do Knck, 
thusdiligeutly improving their spare minutes ; 
some other!^ are keeping close to maternal 
shelter ; while many more are reposing their 
wenrv limbs on sofas. 

discipline is very strii'tly enforced in all 
Bta"e busine^. iJuring roputition a cert:tiu 
amount of toleration is extended to mirth 
and high spiriU ; but, once the lamps are 
lighted and the audience gathered in front, 
any inattention or levity is visited with 
severe pcniilties in the shape of heavy fines. 
■vrudenKiiselle is often disagreeably surprised, 
when l.-etiking herself to the treasurer's, at linding the week's s:Llary 
eadly reduced by these. Oftentimes a 
note arrives from a lady, stating that slio is 
stricken with HudtUn indisposition, and is 
consequently obliged to forego the pleabuix* 
of assisting at the evening's performance. 
Xhi.^ ought to be enough for the direction, 
who should have sympathy for the fair 
sullercr ; but the direction has little faith, 
being a dull sort of body much given to 
doubting, and so sends otF suspiciitusly to 
know if mademoiselle be really at home and 
confmed to her room. For the poor con- 
valescent has been known to muster strength 
snflicit-nt for a little dinner at the FrOres 
rrovin^aux or Mulsou Dorc, and have occa- 
sionally been seen, when actually thought to 
be in extremis, sitting in a stall at the Frau- 
cais, arrayed in toilette most Gblouissante. 
hut, though unreasonably sceptical at times, 
the direction has still bowels for Us flock of 
bona fnle sick and wounded. Fractures and 
sprains attendant on miscidculated pirouettei, 
accidents from falling scenery, with other 

mishaps, are flui*eto make up a full morniiM 
list of c.'isualties. Arcdical olhoers, Iherefo 
attached to the establishment, receive tin 
list every morning, and si;t forth upon tlit 
rounds, visiting impartially the highest iiis 
sarde and stately premier. A wise a 
humane dispensation this, and, in the ei 
profitable fco the direction. 

The popular refection behind the scenes 
the simple, old-establishetl drink known 
eau HucrcQ, or else a little M:uleira wine a 
water, or, for those who have demi voli 
and such trying exercise before them, si""! 
very strong cold soup, held to be the h' 
restorative of all. Tlie danseuse usually 1 
her maid, her sister, or mother, waiting 
the side-scene, and holding for -lier 
handkerchief and cloak, with a cup of t 
cold soup elixir. The tried campaigner 
the ball season also knows the elTioacy 
this Rtrengtliening extract. Often d( 
some figurante, after lavishing her set rou 
of smiles upon parterre and stalls, f 
trembling into her mother's arms at i 
wing with n deep cry of (Kiln, " O, motht 
how T sntfer!" Then, after a little of 
panacea ntid a few moments' rest, she g 
forth again full of nods and beoks i 
wreathed smiles, .ind all the world thc.atr: 
holdrt unanimously that never w.i3 maden 
scllein more bewitchinfjor in better verve U 
to-night. A common ill to which ihe danse 
is subject, is a sort of chronic inflammalioi 
the nostrils, which obliges the mouth to 
kejit open for the sake of taking bi-eatb, .1 
is found very distressing. This is the Ih 
noir of the ballet, for which, as yet, tht 
has been no cure discovered beyond time & 

\Ve have taken bnt a glimpse at 
Coulisses : hardly suflicient perhaps for th 
who, lieing men of TVihenna, wiah to go d 
into the subject. For such re.adtrs, have b 
lately written certain voluminous chronic 
records of managerial lite and troubles, w 
which the Parisian market has been in 
dated, and which set forth niiuutuly, ni 
curious details. 


MILLER &, CUHTIS, No. tlJl Bkoai.wai 
Puhlieb, from ndvonee sheets from tho AutI 



8to,, pnpcr, 5" ctiit*. 

The same Wurk, hand-'omo Lilirary Edition, Is 
type, I'iini)., clotli, 51. 
For Bnle by nil denlLrn, 

MfLLKR & CUUTI9, Publishers, Office. No. 321 Broadway, New York 


«Fowi7i«r m thfir Jtkuthi as HOUSEHOLD JfOfiDS."— SaAKE»PCARr. 



S* m,] 

SATUJIDAY, JULY 11, 1657. 



\Tio ha* no in- 
' biike<l meots 
beef can eat 
' tnms ngftinst 
. !e to get pii'1- 
•trftwVrry lie 
ii; cannot moke 

in kla ! 
tiU t). 

the br*m— taking the fftfcngth. bj lnw, out 
of th* iinirerfiiticft • and thtnk it a rr\w 
inntuirt that kreps her frnm the svraJloxTin^ 
of any legal jxnton. It is, they Ray, a pUfe 
case of tight Ucing. Cnt her stays. 

While we irrite. two rital ' doeketj of 

opiiitun and «dvlc« upon h«r caafl— medical 

bille — are before the pnblic. In «ich, the 

adrlce Is to ptit her In wnmc anrt of Irons, 

1 It. there ia a qoea-l dow, and bandape her; in neither is le re- 

'ibiy orctir to hl« commendvd that her ch«t be cut loone, and 

.-ry T We are good ' allowed to rtxtrk a« it can work if left to 

profeMlon. and we ' nature. A woman can live vrithout belnR 

Rt rtiip ell.ow k pile «if Pariiamon- ' rtied in a machtne that «h«U inflate her 
mt harp been introdtired by nno lunpa fur her, push np her diaphragm, and 
two at a lime— juit now trial ia i repnlate the riw and fall of every rib. 8o 
with two at a time — nnder the ; can a profewion ; thou^ the legiHlalora for 
raeh may l»e the bill beginninj^, ; phyaician, Button, and apotht-eary don't 
I A 14 exi>e'di. nf to amend the laws appi'ar to think to. Of the two conraes of 

ii rHatiR^r to the mt'iiinil pn»fe«»ion."' whirh ' treatment pn«po9ed in the canp of Hygeia 
the tnc-dtcftl profesbi'jii BayB it want*. Th*- (the one by Mr. Readlam, the other by Lord 

l^ho), one invotvoa more cramping and 

dofllng than the other, and is. therefore, by so 

mnch WorRo than the other. If either be 

adapted, we dliftll prteentiv have reaeon in 

thovf why one should be ttkvn and the Other 

left. Btit we have, in the first pla«», o«r 

own counsel to give. Undoubtedly Uy(£cla 

{he ^'livf^e. Yet thtJ profes- 1 is blue in the f«oe ; nbe doe« find tome diffi- 

ll ean eat nothing, really «eems culty in geltinj* on, she is very nnich fltarveH 

li. AsfriendJ*, ' at the uxtrvuittie*. and is weaker than stw 

"HSe is one. not ' ought to be about the head. Something must 

'A a weight to be ' be done for her; but what? Wo say, do 

ide Is less agreeable ' not dose^ bleed, blister, amputate, or bandage: 

T IS said to cry, "Beof!" 

ires it too tough or too 

t'lo jnicy. Away it pocs. 

••■■9 — or is faid to cry— 

-I "inured a BT^flt chfice "f 

ly. The I 

■ i«e, bitt 111- ' 

nf a TW'J lo 
ihroiva off. 
ctea k|ic V*'- laai- tuiMther 

A ♦o««|' lady, ti-nding to bo buxom, ftels 

» .f l/ftctiltr in .....l.n 1..;..^ .f ,.,,;.! 

|iri'«cril>e'i h|i«;iera to liie 
inniii!; ■iMrjreons even sng- 
iti-m here and 

laid upoik the 
■ iie table of the 
Mii'ii-. 1 lit- \ 'i ' ■ "ij the 
alon, Somewi |>er- 

not ciinniii- r u „Mii t see 
|aaj 1399 tn blistering 
by law- i)** medical 

simply, Cut her stays. 

Scttmg ai.ide metaphor, let ua ask what le 
the main thing proposed by the lawmaker*? 
—or the bill-makers; they never gel so far as 
to the making of a law, "For the good of the 
pnblic," one bill declare* iteelf to be. " For 
ihe good of the profeesion, I am," says 

Here IB one that was introduced by Mr. 

Warburton. Mr. Wakley, and Mr. Hawea, In 

that is not to i theyeareighteenhtmdr&'JMidfonT.— wheraai 

and because it was "expedient that all male 
persons practising medicine m the United 
kiuRdirtn Bhould bo registered ; i»nil that 
all properly educated medical practitiouers 
shoald be encouraged to oxcrcitw their mo- 
aiiterlsiog } feesion, in all or any of it* branchoa in what- 
irur..i.i>n»— or in I sooref part* of the British,"— etcietera. The 

fttsHtn^ her bewt, and Clipping her behind I bill set up a machhiery of registrar! and 



JSif 11. lUT. 



aub-regtstr&ni, and prvpueed Uxing ibo duo- 
tors for tho tneftHit uf pairing its expenses. It 
propoeed U> g«t up a medical coancil for 
each of tlie Uirce parts of tho United King- 
dom ; ID tack ctiiinci! there were to b« thirtv- 
tix men ; iu each thirty six ihere were to bo 
four-and 'twenty ropreeenutivea cho«en bj 
UDiversal aiifiVage of the regiatflrod practi- 
tioners, &c, Ac. ; also tli^iv was to he a 
general election of hix twry year. At. kc. 
There was to l>e a medical aeuate, aa there 
is a clerical senate (a eetiato among senateaj, 
and then there was to be a new college of 
medicine. We need not go into details. 
It is not at all surprising ttt us, that the 
medical profession cuuM not aiakfi up its 
mind that ibis woa the bill of bills. 

In tho jear fullowin^, Mr. liawes, Mr. 
Kwart. and Mr. UiitLon introduced this bill 
again, with variationa of detail ; tho chief 
variaiiuu being the extinction of the idea of 
another college. There was to bo general 
r^stration. Bolus and Scalpel wore to take 
one anooal certificates, and pay for them. 
There wsa to be a Scotch ctmncil, an Irish 
otiunoil, aad an Koglish council, uf twen^u in 
each, the nwnibers elected by balUtt. They 
were to form a lower h<>u»e ; aud there waa 
to be formed of its select men an up|>er 
house or medical senate. The profeaaiou natu- 
rally did not care greatly to be bothered wlili 
the addition of tins new machinery to the 
clo^'S already tied about its body. 

We jump Lo the years forty -four and forty- 
tiro, during which Sir James Graham waA 
engaged In oompounding a pill fur tlm doc- 
tors. Forty-flve was a great year for 
noeasurea ana auiended measures. Sir James, 
in a aeeoad verelon of a former device of his 
own, propoeed % new coancil of healthy with 
one of lier Majesty's principal Secretaries of 
State for president, the medical Kegius I*ro- 
feMor, and certain other persons for the 
membera. The cuuncit was to see that a 
register was kept, to see that examinationa 
were of the right sort, and to protect as 
welt aa meddle with existing medical oor- 
poratiooa, leaving them their monopoliea to 
all Intents and purposes iulacL This bill 
was taken into a committee room, whence it 
emef^ged wiili a new royal college of general 
pracutionera fastened to its tall. But the 
profession didn't really care ahoat stale 
councils and n»yal colleges. Tlie bill was 
torn down ; and, in the succt'ediucr Vf^ar, a new 
hill was pasted orer it by Mr. Wskley and Air. 
Warburtoo. This bill aimed simply at secnr- 
)i>g registration. It went into committee and 
caoie cmt an amended bill ; of which the pur- 
port was that all qualilied surgeons were to 
be compelled U' take in, as a sort of annual, 
price tire ^hilltngs, their marriage lines to 
the profession whereto they were joined, and 
be able to prove by thctn. and by thcin only, 
that they were wedded to it lawfully. The 
doctora didn't care very much about these 
roaniage lines. They were proponed to them 

■C«in b the /ear ruUowing, with the addi- 
tion of some machinery fur enabling a " said 
I Secreury of State " to secure umformity of 
aaaliflcatien amenp doctors. The DrofeapioD 
didnH btlicve iu this bill cither* We;lifeak 
I oil' tlie cntatogne and come at one* U> loa Cbiie 
present, — which begins last year. 

Mr. Bfadlam introdnced last ycv a Dtw 
medical bill, which suffired melamorplii.«i- 
Iji a coBimittee of the Booio of i.'omm>v{i^- 
This year the met«morphusod bill appears in 
the Houae under Lord Elcho^s guardian!>hi[., 
and the anattered bill also appeara in tbo 
House, it being again bronght forward by 
Mr. Headlom. 

Before we describe the sabstwice of the 
two new propositiooa, vc must atiklo one vvrr 
essential fact i because, in the ditli'reiit muiim 
of dealing with this fed, there Itea the 
difference between the apirit of the oat 
and the spirit uf Uic other. There arr 
sets of examining bodies io ' i 
liret, tho vorporalious of phy (^ 
geoHK, aud uf apothroariee ; sec 
ral uniTersiiies. The univecan. _ 

degrees, of which some do aud f^Ju*i «;» aot 
convey the right of practice, and some gm 
the right of practice only within a given a 
The general apirit of Mr. Ueadlatu^ bill i 
protect the corporations and kr 
univerettiee ; the general spirit, 
bill is to protect the UDiveraiu<.'.-> .^ 
down aoroa^ at least of the corp< 
Klach. at the same time, sets up a .... ,. . 
council and a scheme of registrot^ >n. 

60 we have in the new hUls a (-: : •"■ r.'.-. 
lilteneaa to the whole gallery <: 
eeasors. Medical reG;>rm is stili 
the destroying of something that djosa exist 
and the creating of something Uiat doe* Mi 
I exist. As commonly proposed, it is lbe4e- 
struclion of some bit of lifo and the cn*t^ 
uf some bit of machinery in place of It. 

But tlie thing really wanted ia uku* ful* 
ness of life and leaa n.-&triction. While tb» 
bandaging of tho alHicted profession baa beoa 
diocusscd year siler year in PaH-rr, ■ 
the aOliclvd profession itself, reFti%^ 
difTereiit about every such proposal, h*: 
developing (mI, and working its war „. 
forward to a higher life. Except the l.'^ni' 
Cullege of rhyaiciana, there is sc/ 
ineiiical examining btxly in the kingii 
has nut made more or less rapid advai 
Its demands on the wit of candidates 
Bppi-oval ; aud in the very front of this great ' 
forward movement Utere now stands th« 1 
Univcraity of Loodon. U is, we thiok, 
simply abflurd to propose the delivery of 
young giant of a oalliog, tied aod bound, il 
the hands uf any altigle state council, 
any corpuralivn. To deliver up lb« 
feasion of physic in England as serf to 
London College of Physicians— one co: 
quence of Mr. Ueadlam's propositions— t 
all conceivable miaUkes the worst. Tl 
body includes many very able men ; bat, 


jfir II. wf. 87 

, it to sUrved br the tegsl flclion that 
KC.P^ an tbft'few Reallr Com[»rtent 
yna pnotiamg roedicino in the metro- 

th»t tiwra is not a morv dectvpit cor- 
fouad in tbo three kingdoms. 
■ ■tv ago, when a medicftl journal 
tk»t « c«ruin ptiTfiietan of mark had 
»d fi>r and t>btsined the fellovrfthip of 
Awdon Collm, that physician tlionght 
t to hi* credit to write to thti medical 
ud utd explain that be did not aak the 
lie lo givo ; Init that on the part of lh« 
pe he was atked to take. The eoUofic 
•thing to rely upon but the pre3tig:e of 
d aMne and • rvputntinn bolMcred up 
m. It is a» dead atf the dead tongue in 
I It earriea on th« farce of an ezani* 
n with ita eandidates. N'othiug short 
» abandoning of ita monopollea will 

its blood a|^n into free circulation. 
Kt^kmt eoold work nnder the defence 
HMp«H«f tn tboae old days when men 
M tmdnr the defence of helmet, breast* 
ttuntlet. grearea, and buckler. Now-a- 
niers an nwuiy fragments of old charter 
n use, that are fit only to be exhibited at 
bestrr in the same oasM with the old 
IT Attd ttrrlueka oT three centuries aRn. 
> nre persttaded tliat what the medical 
Men iwUlj wnata in tikis hft of its most 

mugiw , h a complete abandonment 
I donid priociple of protectloD, and the 
■km of free trade throng'hout its bor- 

Tbe nrtiHe to be produced— as all the 
^ers protMt — is a well-edacat^d prac- 
erof BMdicine. Vft are more likeW to 
kkvhan there arc flf^y Heeuslng bo^ea, 
pBntfeot Air thetr life on tbeir giood re- 
tifMk and eompeting K>r precedence of 
I. than when there is one central council 
k|[ioC a Wf J thing, and there arc one or 
ia« mqMMStiocM undertakine to du all 
' i flwe«t coooord wim the dcnl* 
Dg Street. 
IS MM ttiat wo bavo here a special ca«e 
bch It b not poesible to apply the prin- > 
«( Wl|stillfiii I'hat lictn»in]^ bodies ' 
B'9ttiiit0fto underbid each other, and \ 
im intfnmpcieat men for the sake of 
ttiinc Ibeir fee*. The plan was tried by 
r l«o busies, and was found ko ruinous 
taiA i Uy eiMlagonB (o the killing of tlic 
kirhirli InM the golden egga— tnat the 
M |ialBa wnv taken to glre pnblleity to 
ml nf iu nttcr abandonment. 
Iriba eosyi i ntiooi Mfnetimce aneer at 
■DJicli luuieiwlief* A London practt- 
r in «Afla beard to say that a Bt. An- 
't.^cCVT« is good for ni'tliin^. But wo 
' (r» Oint only laal Mav, of flfty- 
for die M. 0. of St. An- 
w«r« rejected ; and that, of 
y all but one bad obtained hcencea 
BpltaMiof ether privileged eorporations. 
iyl» tnghwl English general practi- 
n every year show in many eaaes that 
not ap to Che St. Andrew's mark. 

whalefer that may be. There is another fact 
Public opinion in the profesBion dops not 
regard a degree obtained at St. Andrew*i 
University as, by itself; a complete title to 
practise physic. The consequence is that 
dnrtng the last eleven years, fire hundred 
and seTen^-three persons have obtojnod thai 
degreo at Aberdeen ; and, in this number, 
there were only thirty-four who so much as 
applied for a diploma without being already 
fumisbcd with another licence: while, even 
of the thirty-four, there can be no doubt that 
the greater number afterwards presented 
themselves chwwhero for examination. Does 
this look as if medical lioensing boijiea 
thought it worth while to nndcrbid each 
other, or as if medical men found their 
account in getting a small licence to practise 
on the easiest terms and in the cbi-apest 
market ? 

Our belief is, that the thing really wanted 
by the medical profession, is permission to 
take freely iu own manner of growth. Let 
no eatahlidhment, — whether an old guild or n 
new uniTersily, — claim any title to reitpect 
that It cannot make good, and let the lead be 
taken by whatever body can command it 
best. Let there be no lioensing to practice 
within so many miles of Charing OrMs, and 
not beyond. Within reasonable bounds let 
all Itoenalng bodies have full play for their 
best entiigiee, and let a man dcdared com- 
petent to physic his neighbour on one side of 
the Tweed, phyHic him al«o on tite other i^ide. 
Let no institution have about itself an atmo- 
sphere poisonous 10 men licensed by any rival 
body. Let every licence be a Koence, fnll and 
frank ; only, whenever a man praetisce. let it 
be known whenoe his Ihxnee comes, and how 
much it is worth. Experience of late years 
has clearly shown that the tendency of com- 
petition among licensing bodies is to increase 
the strictness of the le«t applied to caudi- 
dates, it being fdt that this determines, more 
than anything, the value of the licence and 
the degree of respect paid to Uie body giving 
iu Now, what do the mano&ctures of psrlia- 
mentary bills for tho doctors osually want ? 

They want a puhlie registration of all quali- 
fied practitioners, and an uniform standard 
of qualitlcation, goaerally detcrmmed by soae 
sort of prfjfessional Privy Council, Parlia- 
ment, or House of Convocation. 

There can be no harm in an official register. 
Private ooterpriie has indeed already fur- 
nished two medical directoriesy published 
annually, and containing the names and quali- 
fications of all legal practitkmcra of medi- 
cine. Jealoosy and self-interest keep watch 
over tlie aoooraoy of these volunct* ; lliey 
are cheap, and a patient who may hnpfxm 
to know so little about his medical advi^^f r as 
to wish to look his name out in a dieiioiiary, 
may as well, we think, turn to a dieap 
medical directory managed by private enter- 
prise under the corrective innuence of com- 
petitioB, as to a dear article of thft ume aurv 


compiled in nn ostentatious, cumbrous wny 
bv ti>e oIDciftl medical council, A»(i nuc of her 
MMJi-Jnty'k priDOtpal isccrelaritd of^tAteu The 
rt!^i!>tvr, wo mhy be sure, will not \m the 
more (Ktpulbr for being m blua book losteftd 
of « r«d book. Bul^ we do not dwell upon 
that poiut. A truBLworthy oiedicsl directory 
is a good thing, and sucb a work may n«cd 
aa Act of ParliaoicDt for its productiun — or 
it may not. 

Tbe next is %h» troublesome poiat — uni* 
furmily of t*flt> That ncaioo is, we sre 
oonvinoed, mooitshine. To hare uDiforniily 
of lc«t ID euniiiiaUons, one must have uni- 
formity of brains lu all exsiuincra, and 
mtifurmity of nNidy wit in all ibv caodidates. 
On Ibewhoie. up to acertaiu point, tb« tougher 
tl»e exsminatioD has beuii the ntore it is 
worth ; but tbo best parts of a man's skill are 
thoec that cannot bo brought out— escepl by 
onorxamiuurout of athousaod— in the way of 
Gtt(ectii&m. Comparative iifnorance wiih tAct, 
may li:. ' uiton^ ttie »ick more surely 

liian (ii: -i^ that does oot giro heed 

to the iii'.'iu Jll^LlllctA of quick wit. Thero 
are not two practiLionoraiu Untain uniformly 
qaalifled ; au<i wti tH>lieTe that the ditTV-rencc-a 
between uiiudaudmiud.aneri'xaminslion has 
been passed, are ao^'si^ a» torvdu*^} \n insig- 
nihcaneu the Taluu of a Suvr quesUuns, mor« 
or lt-«4, in the pnjlimiuary le^t. A physician 
who has obtained bis degrees with honours 
rerogni&ed as honours by his owu fraternity, 
may be cootoat with the seal thus cut va hip 
preliminary studies, and thcDceforward prac- 
tise aa if all the cods of study were aehiuTcU. 
Uts friend, who narrowly escaped rejection at 
the easiest ejioniiui ng buard tu which be could 
apply for a diphtmiL, may liavc been aduiou- 
isbt-d of his slender competence in knoir- 
ledge, and impelled to ntudy il% he works on 
in the world. Ln Uvu years the [K>«ition of 
the two men is raverseil. Ity tbo preltuiiimr)' 
test in medictuu, as m all other walks of lile, 
ttuj eubsequcnt career can seldom be doMr- 

We do not believe, then, that it matters 
a Jot to tbo profusbiou or tht^ piibhc wbetlier 
thcro bo tea or a hundred liceustng liodiea 
in Great Britain to whom students may 
apply for leave to practise medicine, so 
lung aa it is made oeriaio by the course 
of |>iu(t experience, and by the increasing 
height of the ground taken by its practt- 
tiuners on behalf of physic and surgery, that 
nobody wiU got a legal qualification who 
has nut Kpenl serorol ytuirs in a tixefl course 
of liaiiiiiigfor his wurl(,niMl who lins not satis- 
lied certain examiiii^riL Of these exaniiitcrs, 
theiwaieat we know, meaAure their canchdates 
by as high a elandard as a Secretary of Slate 
would liad it prudent or just to aasiga as & 

Thus far we hare expressed our opinion of 
tlie bills usually framed relative to duetoru. 
Of the two doctors^ bills introduced duritiK 
the prescDt scesiou we hare sundry things to 

say, and if they, or either of them, be pr»- 
cv4'4lvd will) tn Pai^iaraent, wa sUall prt>cesd 
to the di«cussuiQ uf tbem in this journal abw. 
But if tbey bo dropped, we shall bst« our ink 
and paper. 


I« eighteen hundred and tweaty-foor ao 

old lady named Madame de Sariac, living ift 
Gaacony, had one of thow nurvary 4gl|M 
with her grandson aged sevrn, whu^ at tbs 
time are treated m eCenisl sins, and after- 
wards ivgardedaa prospective virtuea. Yoaog 
master had tjeen i-etpiinhl to kuvel and 
dtiiiuind psrdon for some misdeed: 
luajiter reluwil. Backing into a com' 
doubled his little fists, and, in a vo 
infaDiine ibuuder, oxclaiinrd, ''Touch nt U 
you dare !" Old grandmamma Sariac w«i 
fain to leare ber rebellious deeevudanl to hi* 
owu devices: which rebelltoos dcaorndant 
was tiaston de Kauus(tel-Houll>ou. il ' 
Wolf of tlmt liaacon ImuHihold. V. 
uticauou the Little Wuir,->" - - '' 
ordered Baptisie out of i < 
stTTuit, not taking the «i.^.......^. ,-. , 

niucli to heart, remained ; and the 
morning T>i-rr>inuH hie serrlocs aa 
LitUe \V' -ippcals lu grandmatniaa. 

Grstidmaiii .;!iant at this baby lavaakn 

uf her authority, uplkolds U«plist«. 

"Very well!" Iis|ts LiiUo Wolf la n 
agony of passion, " iltru you inuftt clieeid 
between ]uut and me I If he sta^ s 1 gu." 

True to his word the young aulccrat 
disappearud that very nighu,' and waa eulij 
reoi»vurt-d when he had wundercd thrre 
luuguus away on thu Tuuluusu rr«d. An 
time also he started ult^ This \t 
CiKuie de RaousBet-BouIboii. r> 
ukt* him to the Jesuits' Culli-^.' ul rn 
and \ia\u\ Bi>ulboii was a man ao .. 

stern, so svvere, that even tiie Little 

was daunted, aad prefurnxl the wuo^U and 
hunger to that iroa facv and icy bearL 
This time he was two nights iu the forest I 
but the old count caught him at last, and 
hauled htm off to Fribtmi);. 

The Jusuitd reoeived biin kindly, mw\ 
educated him judic^oosly. Lie h ' 
eight years at the college, and had i 
oetved a punishment in any aliape, wb. 
day— he was seventeen nuw — tlie rv. 
father ordered bim to knevi during tlie 
ing le&son, as ex|untinn uf some cu. 
otfence uf nhich be tiad been guilty. 

'* I will only kneel beforv Qoo,^' be said U 
the futher liralic^. 

'• Vou muht obey, or leave the coUegg^ 
aoawuretl Uic fither. 

" My clioice is made ;" replied Gaatoo, mad 
ho left the college that very evening. 

A short tune after this he came of age. 
His lather called him into his study, aod 
in the presence of a notary, gar* hint up 
all the accounts of his minurity. puttiag 



Jtiir It. iMT. 

in immediate powes^iun uf (!ip r ■ 

t.'lving on him through hln niuth> 

taking M< receipt with the terrlWe fonuiiiiiy 

■ml ■titmnatnti like dtolidity of his character. 

Chuttori rrmnin^fl « ^linrt time with hre ftither 

tftt-r thi* ; but thg severe rule of tlio old 

royatlit wu not much (o hia taHte : and, in » 

fctr nionlhs, the yoang Count de Raousset- 

Boulbon, bftDiJaotue. irdpni, rich, nccum- 

fllidted end genfroiiit, found hirnself in 

Ml Hood of PftraUn temptation and 

rishm excMB. !Te wm not l6ng In 

ni^ ntr the tbin Urker of modestr 

mlUty with which his collepiate cdii- 

nitght have covered his natnrnl impe- 

• not lT»hn eitlwr in TirMking tho 

tiaff, in nltepriance to which hv had 

-' • :p, for the trirulor and the faith 

a I e. A yi-Ar of I'arinlnn life 

■ffit :>■■-. • .. to his father's hotiAc a vt*ry 

dlffVrmt iHfiiig t/» what be was even when he 
Wft It. Fn 111 the royalist school-boy had 
««a«rv iblican dandy. Papa Boiil- 

y Jl^* ' ^- After dinner, while G*8- 

^^^^^Bukerl hvs ci{*ar on tiie Urrace, he said 
l^^^^ll wife ((i&-«t/}n*rtmncber-ln-law ; hts own 
■* tocher had died wlten he was an infiint): 

*' Afadam. it will bo partifal tome to dispute 

with my non ; impossible to fiti)>port hisoppo- 

Rtkm. Yon see him ! He rciiims to us 

li<on Paris with a beard, and aet|!:Ar between 

his lips. Liet the cigar pan ; but tell htm. I 

pray yon, madam, titar it does not become a 

man of bis birth to wear a beard like a mou- 

and tfaai [ shall be oblignd to him if he 

itiakt ft Moritice t»f it to my wishes." 

Q«4KM|V Iwani w)w a Tery fine one; he 

it added not a little to 

llaaati ; - id man wati uot one Ui 

\f Bty to. iiastun yielded ; aiid. the next 

ti^ appeared with a 6m<xrlh chin. 

M umiiHB ," said the count to him, ''I 

y^t for yr>nr df-ftfretice to my wishes." 

•• said again to his 

•e yon to tell my 

»; I in^ bcanl grow again. 

j; the matter, 1 4o not 

■.111 ID It." 

Oaatou, cbarrood, locked Up hht nucnrj but 
vkd ukan soon crrew dis^iiste<1 and imps- 
fti-tiM unMemly stubble thatnecesMrily 
~ ifa* foil grown beard. 

* Madam." hv nid one ereninfl;. '* decidedly 
% Wani does not become Oa«toQ, I pray you. 
lal him to shave It off Bftatn." 

For all aiMwer to this reqnest, Giston 
WHit np staim. pncked up his trunks, and 
■tartcd that nighi for Psns. The father and 
•cw n«v«rm«( a«:aln. 

Returned to Paris, Gaston plunged irtth 
even fiercer pa«siun siid more reekleM 
linmce^ into the dissipations snd vices (jf the 
eiftMf fralising in htmself all the mad extrn- 
Tl^aoui wliich Leon <t<>xliin. Ualzar, Kook, 
Md oilicn, have tlescnlM'd an t>«l<in}:lnf? (o 
lb* * luitt" of the tiiueteenlh century. Or 
cxiurae, his furtuAa waa stKia diaatpaitMif and 

hsd totals ■ 13 tinpoetical niean^of 

iirnp a stii •nco. At last.nTnried 

with his poMTiiim, ;iii.i liBTtnp in him a fur 
nobler ebnrsiMer and larger nature than the 
liffe of the Boiilevnrda could satisfy, he re- 
solved on gttine to Algeria; there to settle 
and cdlonise on n ri-nrnl ^r.iTe. Gaston de 
ltaoiisf*et Ctiuld •: 'In miniature. 

His father died n ■ time, and the 

additional {lortlnn winch cnme Into his bands 
helped him tin wonderfully in Atperia. 

IHs lift) was hv no means dull or unin- 
teresting there, fte made himself renowned 
as one of the most dsrin^ sportsmen of the 
coli>ny ; he perfortned many nrilllsnt actions 
as a isilitary volunteer ; and he kept a kind 
of open house for ntl who csrcd to accept his 
slmust regal biwpitality. He also wrott; n 
political pamphlet, which attracted connitler- 
ftblo notice, and procured him the favour of 
the new governor of Algeria, the Due 
d'Aumste AH was going on merrily, when 
the rerolliti'm of eigliteen hundred and 
forty-eight broke out ; and Gaston de 
Raouseet, like many others, was crushed 
and mined 1)V the blow. But Gaston 
was n»mv the Una a republican Ijecause tlio 
republic had destroyed his fortunes. Ho 
wns not one to hunt with the hounds for the 
moment oftbeir success, unless be could join 
heartily in the g:«nie; and his speeches to 
the electors of the Bonrhes des Rh6ne. iitd 
nf Vsucluse. hia articles in tbe journal which 
he edited frrr more than a year, his whole 
conduct and Innpiagc bound him publicly to 
the cause of liberty, though he m«de but 
little personal enin out of his ailvocary. For, 
he failo] at u>o general elections, and he 
failed at the election for the I^slative 
Aftsomblr. Dispusted at bis non-success, be 
quitted Paris atvd France for tho golden land 
of California. 

lie sailed from Southampton on the 
seventeenth of May, in the Avon, goinp as a 
steerage passenger among sailorn and ser- 
vants. It was a hard trial for his pride ; nlso 
for one of his luxurious habits ; but the other 
French gentkimeu on board suon found out 
his real valae. and, steerag* pAssenger as 
he was, be as«ociated with (he cabin pns- 
sengers as their equil ; which assuretlly he 
was, and eomewhat tlieit- superior. At Hnn 
Francisco he turned risbonnan and fish snU-s- 
man; then ho waa a lighterman, working bard 
from morninf^to night, in laiJingand unlading 
ships \ and lastly, be went off to Ijos Angeles 
and Ban Dieg<i to boy cows, for the punwse 
of renelline ibem at an enonnous profit at 
Han Fmnclseo. He nuide the journey msny 
times ; once striking off on a solitary Toyage 
of discovery. But bis cow-selling ended 
disastrously, though ft gave him a Hrar 
knowlcflge'of lh« country, and ensbleil bim 
to mature the >;real project bo had ctm- 
oeited The weakness of the Mexican ftttrvrn- 
men*, and the hatred of the people for the 
Americana gave bim the tAeac^ Ioctoitv^W. 



80 Jcirii. iiw- 



Sonora, "ATftJi»nt French barrier," which 
shuulil l>(>tli |irotect Mexico acaiDBl the 
UniU'd Sutos, And form the nudeus of so 
Iraporiiuit French colonj*. Mr. DiUon, the 
Frt^iich coniul ftt S*n Frenci^ro, was con- 
Bullcd on this project. ll« entered into it 
WBtiuly; ptre M. de Kaouttset Icltera of 
iniroducUon to leading people, ablo to help 
biin ; and, our hero lefl for Mexico, toUr hi» 
plauN before tlie bouse of Jekor, Torre^ and 
Coiiipuiy, bankers. 

This was the project propoecd : — The mine* 
of Anzona, which bad been abandonrd for 
a long while, owing to the lerrlijlo neighl»our- 
brio>l uf the Apaclios Indians, wore known as 
t and most «aiiily worked in all £o- 
16 Mexican guverDaientwastogmnl 
ne& to Kaouasot. and be was to Jrec 
thcin from the Indians, develop their resotu'ces 
and iitakc Lhem the nucleus of French emi- 
ffration. In about two months' time, the 
Kesiauradora company was furmeil, and a 
fonnnl cunoeaeiou of the land was maiJe to il 
by rifiicral Arisu, prestdcut of tbu Mexican 
republic. Two raonthfi af^vr, KaouKsclstfEned 
a private treaty with the directors of the 
company engaging to land at once at tiuay- 
mas. in Sooora, with a hundred and fifty 
iWUied men undier military organisation, to 
nprplorc and take possession of Arizona and 
Mr mines; tlic society undcriaking the coat 
of the expedition, sending amumnition and 
provision to Gnaymaa, and to Saric. — half 
way between Guaymaa and Anzona. For 
his share, Raonaaet was to have tho half of 
the laud, tho mines, and the places already 
found and to be foimd. M. Agutlnr,gOTeruor 
of SoDora; and M. Levacseur, Freuch minister 
at Mexico, wo^ raembcn of the Ik-siauj-a- 
dora Society; furnished with powerful Icl- 
tcrs of introduction and proteotion, notitbly 
to (ieneral Blanco, military chief of Sooora; 
our hero and bis little Wnd di^omba^ked at 
Guaymas, in Jane, eighteen hundred and 
fifty'- 1 wo. 

Immediately on Undloff, he wrote to 
General Blanco, wbo bad been apprised bo- 
fori'hand by M. Leraaseur of tho expedition. 
The general feigned ofitonishmeat, ignorance, 
and lieiiiution; and commanded lUousset 
lo wait inactire at Guaymas until lie bad 
Diadc up his mind wliat he should do with 
him and his Ibllowers. The minister remon- 
strated^ UaouflfiOt complained; the gi'iierat 
was firm. For, a rival company bad been 
formed in Mexico to dispute the posse»8iun of 
Arizona with the Ucstauradora .Society ; and 
lilanco and the leading men of Guaymas b«- 
longeil lo it. After amonth spent in inaction, 
luxury, and rapid demoralisation of tho 
whole band, Jlauusset went alone to Iler- 
mosillo. where his volunteers were to join 
him. iSul his tnmps fell into disputations 
and anarchy by the way ; and Kaoussel Itad 
to gallop back to near Guaymas. to rally, rate, 
and rerurm them. At Ilermosillo he made 
an example of some of the ringleaders, whom 

hft dismissed with contempt, and the little 
band fall again quietly under his cimtrti. On 
the fifte«nui of August tbey arr.Tcd at tlie 
Pueblo di .Santa Anna, en route to Sarie. 
wliere food and stores awaited ttiem; asd^ 
there Raousset received a notice signei 
Blanco, and addrvesed t'l thr> di>parl 
which *■ required tho Frcij' noci 

nationality ; or, in case oi lioy 

to l>e forced to rv-embark. f>\. ue Raoi 
refused to obey this dictum, or to accept-' 
alternative ; and be and bis mr- 
to Saric, where two dragoons < 
the general's final and irT«voca.,.c w. . ...i 
that they must either beoooi* Mexicu 
soldiers without pay — as auch they might 
cUim tho mines ) or tbey mvgbi be iriH 
Frenchmen, but then Btraogera, ud ineapiMi 
of possessing land, according to tite ancieiit 
law of MKxion; or tbey might redae« 
band to lifty men, under a rospoi 
Mexican chief, in which caB« tbey 
march at once to Anzona, and take 
siun of the mines in the natne and Am 
serrioe of tbc Hestauradora 0<iHi| 
Kaoussflt assembled his men. read ibei 
conditions of the general, and asked 
oonrae tbey would take? They unuitmou»lr 
refused Blanco's propositioD, ar-' -*-•■•'■'■ -nei 
on continuing tho e.-cf>edition a<:- tbs 

tonus of the agreement made w .;., '^ 

tAuradora Company. The prefect 
under whose jurisdiction Saric was n 
next forbade further march, or fututv 
sion to these armed French immi^ 
and ('olonel Giii^nez not only added iatt^i 
to lus conifuitriot's broach of faith, btiC «fea 
wrote prival«-ly to l«noir, Haousjcet's asalor 
lieutenant, to urge bim to seita the comnuod 
of the troop, and deliver them cirer I 
Mexican authorities. lrf>noif gave the 
to lUousset. who road it aloud to the 
and tbey. far all answer, cried ^* To 
with more rigour than prudenoe. 
rostmincd them for the niomont ; bat (urtllV 
correspondence with the Mexicaits 
proved to bira that nothing waa to b* 
patience or by p.irlcy. ho declared warr 
the twenty-third of fc>eptemher, be and 
men ijuiltcd Saric, and marched back 
Uennosillo, atopping for a week at La Madt^ 
laine, then in all the gaiety and joyousncM 
her f^te-time. At I^ Madelaine was n 
girl, fair as a Saxon, tall, proud, and 
ful. Some one at her flLther's altai- 
obaracter of Raousset, She defended Wff t, 
although her father, being one of the pri 
pal authorities of Sonora, waa oAtciolly 
enemy. An old lady said satirically; " 
dear Antonia, oro you seriously in love 
this pirate chief?'' 

'' Ves,'' answered Antonia, rising and dn* 
ping herself in her rebuo, ^ [ do lora lUs 
Pirate, as you call him. Yes ; I love him P 

The next evening Antonia, in the sight of 
six thousand people, went to tb« ptrat** 
count^s oamp, and into the teoU 

In 1 ■ * ■' ' Ttlo wu reached ; 

Bd n [ rdimintry parley 

Mh >"T»ni i.ji* ii?iii[nin\r>" prcfiecl, the 
nrh — with a spren* loss of ofBwrs and 
m — n-ere masters of the town, and tbo war 
fairly be^n. As ihe Northern Sono 
hnt.l1 thf prcM-ivt pnrernnM*nt and 
:raiinn, St Re^rofd 
I "f a general n?Tolt- 
• decidtd rhe question 
iiablcd to follow np the 
I he Ia'I gained ; bnt, unfortunately 
ho felt Mck immediately after the 
< moro dead than atire, was carried 
. .ytnos by bis men. utterly demo 
i>y the want of their leader and the 
' Ihrir officem. A »hort di«tanre fnini 
Ba« a me^wncer frwm M. CaWo, a Frvnch 
_Iiifrrrhanl, prayed £» Raoa<49et not to adrance 
rlher ; but m see the general and to patch 
I •otne kind of treaty which should prevent 
tber bloodihcd. RaouBBct was march- 
on (luayTna?, and would hare surx-ly taken 
hi the present enfeebled state of his 
H was totally undefended and nn- 
._ed, RauuMet obeyed the snggeslion ; 
ign<»d came of U ; and. in the oveninj; 
ess increased, «o that for three weeks 
' w»« in.«en»ible. and hovering between life 
ml death. When he recovered he found that 
: -sny had treated with General 
l*ha«l acapied forty thousand 
for the eraciiation of Sonora. 

u he wa« able Raousset went to 

=■* - • orpanise another expedition; 

■lit WaTker, the Fillibuster, 

command of hi« troops in 

California, which offbr he reiaaed. 

now K*^* ^ tbc prcBideucy of the 

ublic, which Santa Anna affaomed. 

DCbman believed in SanU Anna, and 

I nrach aa he believed- Knt the two 

elled in their interviews ; and 

Bl in rervngo entered into a plot 

[ Stnta Anna, whirh wan Utacuvervd } 

l^tiimsclf recfivine timely inttiua- 

' Qtrayal, and f o able to escape the 

({elae would have overtaken him 

ctumed to San Francl»co ; still 

the mlni-a of Arizona and 

iti hi* head, and ho worked at his 

__ well that in the middle of May, 

llCDeo buttdrt-'d and flfiy-four, he Mitod for 

i.j ir- n;ir,il lo Lat<- hia own courae 

-nn bis journey 

VI eaptatn, who 

I lo (kday the ft^larl owing to tbc ter- 

blv weather • and, oh the twenty-eighth of 

he landed at fluaymBS. His first 

inrvs were abortive; but his proience 

cited the French soldiers and emtiiranra in 

town to the lint degree. Jfexican folly 

I 1: - ' '. < re not wanting to eiaffjK!- 

T 'i prills and rajncity, tuid 

nn I* -i..u:i;i.> bJ-tween the two parties 

i^ inevita'flf. f'ighta in different part^ of 

town intl&ined the bad bluod already 

roused ; and when a body of armed Indians 
and a large number of troops frrun the inte- 
rior arrived to strengthen the Meximn*. all 
hope of p<-ace was at an vnd. The Fnnich 
soldiers clamoured for war ; fur a sudden 
onset and the leadership of the comit ; 
Raousfict — nothing loth — nr^rd on the 
•cheme, of which he undertook both the 
rt'fponnibilitr >nd the command. After ibrrc 
hoops hard dyhting the insurgents laid down 
their arms ; Raousset broke his sword, and 
was eotiducted as a prisoner to the eonsul's 
house. It had been a combat between four 
hundred on the in^r^nte' side and eighteen 
hundred on the Mexican. Teti days aftet 
Raousset was tried and condcraned, and, two 
days after, wa* executed, he rvfbaed to allow 
his eyes in be bandaged, and met hla death 
with a cnlm^ grave counn that had some- 
thing tnily heroic in it. He fell at the first 
volley, anil the Scnorians lamentcil him as 
the fiUlcn defender of their independence. 
Here were grand talents and a rich nature 
lost, which under more fhrnunible circum- 
stances might have revolutianitcd a hemi- 
sphere. His biographer, Henry do la Ma<lH- 
Idno, calls him a "Cortes slain at the ontitet;'' 
and a second Cortes he might, indeed, have 
proved, had he known the material out of 
which man fashions success. 


In these latter days, a radical revolutioD 
' has broken out in tfie kingdom of Fetland. 
The lowe!>ft niombors of ronlngicnl society 
have ri^-n to the highebt dignitiet;. Sen- 
' anemotuiS, and others of equally doubtful 
position, assume to be regarded as don^estic 
I pets. The acquavivaria, marine and fresh, 
have introduceil a host of aspirants after 
the daily smiles and tenderness of ladies; 
and there are symptoms that even invisible 
pets, curious and choice animalcules, rotifers. 
and vorticella;, will before long, be tended^ 
fed, and cherished, as rustic adornments in 
our homea of taste. *' Liberty, fraternity, 
equality T' U the unanimous cry of oiuttitudes 
of opprensed candidates for admission to our 
drawing-rooms. " A (i\\r stage, and no fa- 
vour!" shout an ark-full of dumb but noisy 
animals. " No dose boroughs, for proud, ex- 
ctuaive, lonK-eaned rahbits ! down with aris- 
tocratic Itidian greyhounds, King Charies'a 
spanniels, and Angora cat» ! AboUHh the pri- 
Tilecx<l Iti' n^p-'ly of canaries, guinea-pigs, 
pij' itc8, — and your petitioners, the 

eniii ill of bring things created, the 

united budy uf members entered on the li5t 
of Cuvier's Zoologj', will ever pray. Justice 
to flying things ; justice to swimming things ; 
juilipe to all!" 

Al the next election of a Ruhionable pet^ I 
have a candidate of my own to propose. 
Ladies and gentlemen, I beg to present to 
ymr notice the Honounibie 5fr. Verdant 
StJckytoeSjOf ancient RnM^^UAuaXAnft&Xn 

public speaking in a dear flnU like voico. 
wliidi yvii WAV disiincUy ItearfurLhcrofTUiau 
I dart' Alate, ami wtiivh has earned for liini, 
rrum ill-natuntd audiUirs, Uio nicknanw of 
njquet, cur-tlug. or barker. But. as everj- 
villngt: <lauu< thinkji Uiu nww of her uwo pro 
per L-a.L mclodiouB; as cvcrp proprietor uf n 
Iitiskj.Toicuddug considers thai hoarse diig^s 
bark equal U'thv fluvM teuurvtiiw ; v\iy may 
I not lank ihc cry nf my protc;;e lo be equal 
in tottv to the swcctetit tUj^eolet. 

My fir5t ocquaintancti with hint happened 
lUua : Walkiitg in tlx.- etivirouA of Padua one 
bUxing Supicmbor afLomo^m, while wonder- 
ing wbeihcr Portia had aver «irulk>d in that 
dineotion, my eye was caught by the leaf of a 
plane-tree, vrhoae ycllownefla betrayed the 
approach of autumn. Id the middle of that 
leaf nau a bright f^reen apot, in which, on 
clutte iittfjieciion, might lie detected auiyulhiu^ 
uf a huown ahape, siiuatUog: ctoaix with eves. 
banda, anus, and legi, of tiny and imp-like 
»ytamvtry. It was a miniature of Nicholas 
Minior, after he boa put on bis pea-green 
Jttit, which ho keeps in his wardrobe for 
;JEbM0 <>uca»tuna. It waa Puck crouching low. 
^o catch th« Jairiea at aomc fDrbidden frolic 
thiH would get them a good sciiUmg front 
their Quwm, Titania. i seixcd the little 
demon, plane-leaf and all, wrap[M:d him 
well in a lawn handerchief, put btm in 
tuy pockec. and stalked back to the city, to 
examine the prisoner in tho presence of wit- 
neasea. When the court of inquiry wna 
rorrnallr opened, though the bandkerclucf 
was all right, Mr. Verdant Stickytoea was 

PuduB and its arcaded streets were nearly 
rnrgotten ; I wa« crossing a vast tract of 
fertile cf'uniry In the north of France, which, 
long after the foundation of Padua, was 
nothing more than a tidal estuary, but is now 
good dry solid land, selling at a high price 
per acre. In a pond, in this consolidated 
estuary, I again beheld Mr. Verdant taking 
a bath, which is rather contrary to his daily 
habits. This lime I captured and kept 
him. Safe imprisoned in a crystal cage, with 
e7ery comfort except liberty, be was ex- 
hibited to numerous wondering Frenchmen^ 
who were astonished to learn that the b'licky- 
toes family were settled in the neighbour 
hood. Since that date, letters decftchet have 
been issued against many innocent members 
of the race by parties desirous of poeses^iug 
speciroens of hyla viridis, or rana arbortja, or 
raJnettc, orgrais*ct,or treo frog, or grenouille 
lie St Martin, all whicli are aliases adopted 
by thoae *Iip|»ery gentlemen. 

nyl* is derived from the Greek word 
lit;, a wood, and is appropriately given to 
that branch of the frog &mily which are 
adepts in climbing. The English ' popular 
rntiu] is acquainted only with frog^ that swim 
in tlte water or leap over the grass ; but the 
hylffi are gifted with the faculty of luuunling, 
which they acconiplish by weans of an ex[>an- 

sion uf the ^iii, funning a moiat duk. at :1k 
tip of encli toe, on the hind feet oa u 
the fore, evidently aciins aa a eu<. 
the round bits *A wet leaiht-r at tb*^^ 
Rlrin;: with which aclinot-ttnv^ O- 
■IK'S. It is thir^ 
lies them from 
iKiiii tuuds in general I'liiiijimg 
ailhero and hang even to the und<. 
leaves. UyltL' are aquatic in :' 
only At certain seasons. They : 
taiilesa quatlrupeds, whose repi<><ivi< 
the grortth uf whose ladpolt^. accor>: 
with those of the grand a»'^en)b]Bgt' 
and frogs. When their *pawn is • 
|K>f<itod, they betake iheqiPelveB to t 
vated uplands, catching iheir prey 
the growing eoni. The gnnitr i-m 
suuiuier captures linvt! U'l-i 
hedgi'S. where the Mes<*iLi, 
from twig to twig in chase of Ok: ^u 
the ease of a tomtit in a lilac bush, 
they are fond of air and eundhinc, and w&r 
Their Udd leaps rveeiublu those of thi; T 
Muirrel ; they have no fear of con 
when tbey dart fn^m a branch, 
passes within vaulting ran^e ; tl' 
it intt.> iitid air, and a cliilch at 
ainglu band, or even a linger oi . 
ciuQt to uphold them. 

In captivity, tliey Jump with equal cxf 
Dess and grace if a bluebottle is intr 
within their crystal prison. Tli 
appears to bo living insects cxe 
t^ijtne books talk of feeding them 
and milk, but I have seen no ■ 
they would accept sucb an 
giuien Hence, they ai-e useful liimuU 
ueigbltors in a country- plagued with , 
vennin IT St. Putnck had been lord i 
inland swarming with mot^quHosandlJowfl 
he would have wctcot V I • r- 
thent comfortable ai 
iug them from his ria..,. . 
if they do no good, even nupp> - 
neither eat tbcra nor oamse 
their antics ; but you may do li 
The hylte fill a resuH'tublc and u 
ill the world, and nave no right to tw aj; 
of with disparage men I. Jum{H)r9 you 
stylo them if you like, but I cannoi aer 
call ttieni reptiles. An ofien aitaiii^ i 
crawling surprise. They do not tip 
exercise on their victims any of tli 
or fascination attributed to snakeE ; i>q i 
contrary, they manifest a certain forlH!a 
and dry humour. The flies stem to ^■-■ 
instinctive dread of the owner of tti 
that is soon to entomb them. A blu^ ■ 
will walk up the iiielincd plane of a 
back, settling on the tip of his nose a«a' 
venient point whence to eqjoy the prusji 
Slickytoes n-nutius politely immovable. *ln 
ing nu outward syinptoui o( the i 
he must have felt on hia skin, [>'■ 
ply rolling his prominenl eyes at the uii- 
luviied visitor. Tlie fly soou starts oflTor an 

34 u\j II. iw. 




be cxcitod to .perfonn by a nolu faaTiDg a 
sligbL ruRomblancc to his owu tnclodious 
organ. Oue of my tpec-frogs commenced Iiia 
song ill fcUBiTtir tu the sound of a cftrpentcr^tt 
SAW, who was fiuiiig a new sheir into a cloaet 
Tlic ejcponmoDt was repeated wiib grvtifyiQ); 
Bncce«9. Tltc voice is not c-iuttted »o much 
from the lungs as from the pouch of skin 
butienih the chin, which is swollen out into 
«iionoou8 b»Uo<jn-likc proporUons. The bal- 
lo^tn, in fact Tullild the ofltce of the baj; >a » 
bag-pipe, or the bellows in an organ. It must 
havu been the &(|;ht of the Ilyla croaking 
which luggctitcd to AUop his fablo of tho 
proud fitiff Bwclling himself out to the size of 
the bull. In facL, the table is nut a pure iiiren- 
tion, utterly devoid of fouiidatitiu in nature. 

rrufo«8«»r Furl-cs admits the Ilyla riridis 
as a member of ilu- Uritijfh Fauna.' There is 
8u little difference between the climate of our 
Bouthorn counties and that of the haunta of 
my Verdautfi, thot it wouhl Ih* Hurpriaing if 
Ibuy were not to be found in En(;land, as in 
Franco, in greater actual numbers than the 
humao natives suspecL When Great Britain 
and the continent of Europe were one, tree- 
frogs would naturally abound in Kent and 
Hampshire, as well as in Pas-de-Colais and 
Sotnme. The alight separation caused by the 
StraiU of Dover would simply fix the terres- 
trial inhabitants on tho spot where they 
hn|i|K>ued to be al the time. 

The cstablishmetit of a colony of Irce- 
frngs in an English park^ is an enterprise in 
which there would seem to bo no difficulty, 
wherever there was a sufficiency of bushes for 
cover and hunting-ground, and stagnant 
water for breeding, with a fair amount of 
summer warmth. In France, the late severe 
winters have not diminished the number of 
the Verdants. In captivity, the grand deaid- 
cratum i« live flies, of which wo have often 
many more than enough. I should like to 
olfer a prize for the best cage for tree-frogs, 
contrived on the principle of their being self- 
supplied with prey— short. 
There must be holes through which Hies of 
Tahoun si£eB,from a green bottle (lownwaitls, 
may flad an easy entrance, without allowing 
any exit on tho part of the frogs. A blue- 
bottle is as big an an infant Verdant, and 
where tliat could get in, tho frogling could 
get out. There must be the means of luring 
in llie insect poultr)* in such abundance that 
frugg}' may live like an independent gentle- 
luaii, with enough for himself, and something 
to give away anitmgst his indigent neighbours. 
Sucb a mode of thinning the summer plague 
of flies would be mucli more humane tnan 
tho atrocious system of converting flies into 
Stickyloes by means of glutinous sheets of 
paper, sold In tho streets under the name of 
'■ Catch 'em alive!" The commissariat ia the 
princi|ral difficulty in domesticating Mr. 
Verdant. lie \a very fond of spiders; but 
uhat properly regulated house will own the 
luirbouring them ? Several were collected in 

a paper-bag for some i 
thriving pretty well in .. 
into Uiis they were i ■:; ■ i 

morning two of tin w . - .v. ■< i ■<> > 
gluttons as thoy 'tn-, ivii.-n ti fi 
spider-diet, inKiiie the imt*. wiUii'iii 
tige of the h[.idi>cs to be k-«"^ 
this, and being made torpid in w 
haps by burying them alive in a b^ .: 
may succeed in making Stickytoce an 
lisbed (Kt, an hlti prettlnesa and 
deeerre that he should bo made. 


TH« ttlKNCn WAUOfJ? 
Bir.VUl'.ED AKD I 



Thk encouraging noLi...i m ^.i. r 
by the gn-at Napo!e<m. that c\ > 
carrier a hjiion dc marfchal in hi.-, 
has a less figurative signitieation than 1 
at flrsl sight appear. It is Inu- ilial tVti 
portion of the marshals to i ' 
army — in the ratio of about « 
half a million — render It higUy 
tliat the private will hove to bear 
ideal bftton to the end of his days. He1 
self well knows that there is bnt eli 
prospect of Uio tempting bauble eriir 
that comer of his knapsack, and takn 
preciable shape. Kut he kn'v ' 
he carries in that same stoi 
more tangible badges of di.*-' 
the souB-oflicier's gulden epui! 
hat of the General of Division, .k.. 
Cross of the legion of Hnnanr, 
prizes — all within his grasp — for , . . . 
mar^chal's b&ton stands but as a figure. 

In our own army, on the other band. It il 
an old complaint, of which men ar« alnufS 
weary, that such glittering trcphify mar be 
looked for in vain among tl 
niture. Nut even in that m^ 
of the phantom marfchal 
wuuld be some poor encoui 
grievance is now tn process i-: 
dressed ; but it is certain that uiu 
of this Napoleonic saying, the Frcnmi 
under Bourbon handling, was in mora] 
plight than ever were British for— 
worst days of Crimean confusion. 
EgalitA, or other obstructive «f ii 
prayed for a commission of . 
management of the war-ofli':- ' 
Ions alaclosures would liave Itecn senti 
The famoaa Livre Rouge, with it.^ 
type and list of myaterlous 
scarcely have caused more an; 
world— the refonning world titjKcia 
apt to forget this fact when it points 
nmphantly to the perfect arrang«n 
our allies — In their smooth roads ic 
motion, to their ingenious fnshioi, 
iiig. hutting, and the like; and. 
to the pleasing addition to the ■^■^'•—■ 
necessaries before- mentioned, the hk 
in nubibufl, carried about in the knapa 


Jul| It. IU7 


Intil Uw t]»tc of the Revolnfioa and the 

liUtury iBfitatof>Jiip, muh Ihingu were not 

ut. On lUv a>n(rarj-, everr thing 

ry tfvmad to bo nttcrlr sunk in cor« 

Ben, iflt^ Uio prey of a )fi;^ntic j*>U)inK 

rsTtfiR. Tho broIn^ fcatnrt'g of iliis (at»l 

agem^nt arc roliTnlily well known ^J 

rid; bnt, fpnii a tcll-Ub Army List 

from tbt* oQice of M. Ic Mar^chal de 

Sltiiistcr of War. ta the year seven- 

I bundreil Alt'] *ij;hty-tlvo, only four yeirs 

I the Kovoliitioii. a few 8ig:Dificant fjicla 

^^ ' gltaneO. What would seem at first 

tiy * barren cfttiitot^uG uf name*, becomes, 

^r ud. a Uluc'h'jiik inifionrhmonL as it were. 

days. Kur, ihroii-^h the paKCS of 

Rltle volume the truth slips out acci- 

Citl lete us ofllcially Into the Kcrete 

lie sy^lt-m. The very first glance 

\>tf:.e^ diacovers a tttrango phn- 

I their ttifitribution of miliury honours 

tregiment ore to be found between 

Id eighty oflicerti. Of these, aome 

six on nn arerago hear titles, or at 

njoy the Corinthtm prefix •' de," before 

■amen. TlitB proves (he aristocratic ele- 

> have been slender indeed in the French 

-ftoniewberein tlie proportion of one to 

(finecn or sixteen. Turning; then to the 

gnulea— tliDiie InchMJin;; the manihalti 

kticv, ncnemln. and bripU'Iiers — which 

-^ iwn tutal of nearly thirteen 

"rly — it would be ej£|)ecled 

iU- ^.-~. t hftif at lea&t would fall to 

bare of tlie untitled many. Twelve 

fuch appointments would be the 

> proportion. On the contrary, we find 

^an nine hundred and twenty filled 

barouB, marqui^B. and other 

Uie priTileped *'de;" and the 

dole of 6caroely four hundred 

*"p(iur encouragcr lea autreV — 

ihoae fifteen or c^ixtcen thousand 

who jiraoticalty worked the French 

Xd wonder then that when the hour 

I arrlTod, the army waa found to fad in 

Hbor tijcnidcant token of decay meeta 
I Uy institution known as " Maiaon 
Eir JSoj'al Gunrd. In this choice 
liit^i traa intcmJcd ae proTision for 
tl»e arisiocraey — it was con- 
M >< chi'uld \>e an officer to about 

thtri' iiitrn. Which arrangement, how- 
noreuient as a mode of provision, conid 
ply have coniribtited to tlie ellk-iency 
~ army. V'er}* stately is the enumera- 
Tliie various rliviaions and subdivisions 
flfl body — leading olT with the Scotch 
tiifia. in whose racks, na was to be 
, not a Scot waa to be found. Next 
the *' Hundred Swiss," precursors of 
tiic ^ancff in Hky-blue, and bright euirassea, 
•,1 , M ,1V- tratch uver the [>er6on of Napoleon 
1 1 After thc!>e we find the Uni-de de 

door-£Uard of royal Louis; the 

guard of thn TlOfel dn Hoi ; gendarmerie of 
numerous denominations ; light horse; and 
the Gardes Fmnijaises, of questionable noto- 
riety, who abandoned their king in hii 
extremity ; next follow the Swiss Guard, the 
valiant Swiss, whose bright scarlet uniforms 
on that fatal t«>ntb of AugUHt, watt the mark 
for many a buJkt. More ingenious dcnonii- 
natioDB follow, — each as the Scotch gendar- 
merie, and, curious to nay, the English ! 
raised, it stoma, so far bot-ka* the year six- 
teen hundred and sixty-seven. The queen 
had her gendarmes ; eo, too. had his high- 
ness the Dauphin } so had Monsieur, the 
King's brother, and the Count d'Artois. 
Monsieur is also provided with a body-guard 
of his own, to say nuUiing of his Swisn guard 
and his door-guard. The Count d'Artois 
must likewise have bis Swiss-guard, his 
body-guarJ, and liia door-guard ; which 
filled up, with tolerable cotnpleteneaa, the 
r<^l of tnis Maison dii Roi, 

Pluralism was another plague-spot in the 
system. The kingdom was at that lime par- 
celled out into a number of small govern- 
ments, — all whifh became so much *' provi- 
sion '* for favourite commanders. The Conite 
do Rochambeaii, who conducted the war in 
America, found time, perhaps when abroad 
in that conntry, txf fill the oflices of chief* 
governor of the Boulonnois, gwemor of V ille- 
frauche, and coniioander-in-chief of Picardy, 
besides keeping a ftw »tpare moments for the 
duties of the cijinnelcy of thy Auvcrgne regi- 
ment. But^ he pales his incO'ectual llrcs 
before the star of Baron Uescnval, the Swiss 
legionary ; '* an amiable cybarito," as he is 
de8crib<Ml in a strange pompldet of the time, 
'* poesecsed of very little esprit ; but who has 
raised himcvelf above hiti fellows by making 
good use of his eyes and ears. His handsome 
person was of some service to him at court, 
and his ample fortune furnished him with 
the meana of shining there." This favoured 
soldier of fortune enjoyed the f<dIowing high 
comoiaiidi). He was eub-govemor of Ftugu- 
nau, in Alsace; aub-governnr of the Cham- 
pagnw and Brie district ; sub-governor of the 
province of Nivernois ; and sub-governor of 
Bern ; — here were sub-governorships in 

flenty. B\it, there waa more to como. 
le was commander-in-chief of Toumois j 
commander-in-chief of the city of Paris ; and 
lastlj', lieutenanl-culoni'l of tho Swiss giiard! 
This w&s a strange gathering of high nflicea in 
the person of one man ; a imiple colonel. It 
would be thought that the care of a single 
province would be sufficient to give full em- 
ployment to any mortal with ordinary capa- 
cities. Stdl, he and his msjor, Baron Bach- 
mann, proved them<sclves not unworthy of 
such high disiinclioTi, and did good eerrice 
when the day of trial came round. 

Anotlier abuse was tho accumulating of 

great ofHccs in the hands of children of 

lender years, — of boys at school, and of 

; young men wholly uneqiiaV V) \Va &%i>M%. 






Juir It. iwr. 



Thtti the Due de Ric^o^eu — the '* vainqwoar 
(Jp Mahon,'' as tlicy wore fund of cAlling him, 
ia glorilu'iition of ilmi dimimuivc victory, — 
WM apjM)iiii<Ml colitTK'l of the Jioomc repi- 
menl at llie ftftv of twintv-two ; while ihe 
l)ii(! (ic Bropllc WHS simitarty '* jiroTided for," 
at the earlier age of sixteen. Fttit the Puo 
rfc Moiicby W1-* oven hjcku-r in his irfnor*- 

ttion. He found hinihcir imliurj' povcmor of 
the tovrn, caBtle, )»ini |Kirk« of Verfiaillea and 
Mariv, It the cnpahly n^e of livu years ! 
ABol*her marshal hc<iaii(e rol-inc! at niiieieeu ; 
mile the Mar*cJml do rosirie?; rejoiced in 
lh% important poau of king's ticuU'itntit in 
i^angiiedoc, and govenior of MontpeUior and 
Cette, wheji only thirlecii years ctld. 
This etance at the pag'ua t»f this official 
handhnoK helps as totnttie knnwhdpe of the 
way tliey were onlerint: matU'is uiilitary in 
Praitc«,ju«l befure ihu givAt crash came. 



A iBAri at besul; iMT-onit uian'g il»r|M, 

'Which held • pKClout III* with a* b*^D. 
Llc^t ^t ftl r«it. Ilk* a'roamlvto cbitinM wItt te*i 

AihI fiildo*} b»nd« wboM little «ofk »« d«iM, 
M«k« tbi* pour bautvt Mcrcd to onr grirf : 

Pmm'i] la itta aoul, <thioti w«4 of nobUr worllii 
LlJtfl flra rraui fiowwortn. toil rrr<ni atllier*!! U«r. 

ffrrunv rntn Ullon Bower, or iUjrll|bt from lb» 


IhU', fkdHi ttum onr skj- vlawttf r« to alilnit. 

Wboiv bMmto t'VM u* f>ir > whllv wu st*«a : 
Llttl* whiti h*oi1. * r«w tlme> iU*p >) Id mln*. 

S*<^t fk««, wtiOM lij;ht la now tnra'd to b«ar«o. 
With pmp\y wm«. I llfir* wh*** tJi'm UmI, 

And ptuck liulf opan'd fl«ir«n M lypfti of tbev, 
Aod think tbKt ftDfr«la,»mld Jnj'* th« blebcat. 

Anlupplffr P't tbjr toft, wbldi tUlJ llHj ali»r» with 




Mrh. Warbcn was a chamiinp woman — M 
like the popular notion of a perfect angel as 
anyhody could hope to fiml. if they took the 
lonpest summer day for the search. Slie was 
an Irishwoman, the widow of an English 
gentleman nf largo fortimc, who had left her 
endowed with an auiple jointure and a hand- 
some m&iior-hou9«: in Stan'nrd&hirc She was 
young, bright, fa*cinatinp, and ihortiuplilv 
good-natured ; ahc enjoyed nothinf; so mueli 
as maktng^ people hnppy. and would sncriflce 
her own pleasure or convenience even, for an 
entire stranger, provided the necessities of 
the case had lieen brought before her with 
stifllctent eliM^nence or emphasis. She did 
everything in the eagipst and mo?t graceful 
mniiner, and had the virtue of Torgetting all 
about it herself, as aoon as the occasion hart 
passed away. She was devoted to her fricndu, 
and loved them dearly, so long as they M-ere 
there to asipist themsflves; but, if they went 
away ^ she never thought ofthcititill the nest 

time she saw thrtn, when she vraa 

fond of them as ever. With all her 

rnsity. however, her trad''-' > "•''' ■-'irii--! 

thai she did not pay her 

very thahby things, ant] 

dreadfully hard bargains. j\ 

whom she had employed to •! 

work, declared contetnptnfitiftlv thai iAM 

would Booner work for .lews than fi>r dlft^ , 

ritablo ladies: iht'V Bcrewed down ao inl 

price, and kept folka waitiug so long for I 


It was not difBcult for Mra. Warren (a to J 
an angel: she had no dor *'- ^ 
test her viruies too Bcvei- 
bird of paradise bosutv vi ■■■ ■ 
bands are daily Blitmhling-bliv ' 
uf female neifection; they hii\. 
of taking the Khine out of the most 
apfwaraiicev. It ts easier to he an at^l 1 
to be an average good woman under dan 

Mrs. Huxley was the wife of the 
working ch-rgyman in whose parish 
Warrvn's inamir-house was fiitnated. 
had a croea husband, who diil rmt 
her, but who (chiefly frnn 
found fault with cverytlr' 
but the pnrest gold rnui-i tiiivr si.-im 
constant outpouring of ao nineh >al|i 
acid. Yet Mrs. Huxley went on in th«4 
tenor of htr way, struggling with Htmii 
meane, delicato health, recurring wa ' 
days, and her husband'^ tt-mper. Her< 
nomical feebloncfs, and the ditHcutt 
keeping her weeklv bills iu a state of 1 
tion, wero givatly complicated to 
qnenee of all the poor people in th*'l 
eoming lu her as to a sort of earthlf I 
dencc, to supply all they lacked In Inei 
of food, physic, raiment, and g"od 
Stranger? wild that Mrs, IIuaI. 
fill, and that it was a pity a c!< 
should have such unattractive tii;iniit rsjj 
It must bo a trial to such a plcasnnl j 
man as her husband to have a part 
unlike hinmelf. and all that. The re 
angel might have given a difliTi-iit wr 
the poor of her parish knew her Tabic. 
The family at the Rectoiy consisted t 
daughter, named Miriam, and an 
niece of Mr. Huxley"*, whom tbofi 
adopted. Mr. Hiixlcy harl nmdo manyl 
colties when tliis plan was first prf)|>ote(lij 
objected to the expense, and wished ll: 
to l»e sent as an articled pupil to some i 
Achoul, where she might qualify hernelf to! 
come a niirsoiT governed?, or to TiTiit on youii^j 
ladies. This he said on tlie pli 
would not be able to give her 
would bo cnK.'l (o gire her a t(i«"' mm ; luulli 
shecoidd not hereaftcrex|»e<^t; tliat itwa^bost 1 
to accuntom her betimes to the hanhjlitp 
her lot. Mrs- Huxley did not often eont 
her husband; but. on this oceasKm, she eifl 
her powers of speech ; she was a motbe 
acted as she would have wished anotfa 

V irra- 

itMT liltie orpban la be arni 

ni prow np Uvgolhi-r. antl 

M . ■ thcr u sisters lunnJlv 

iL A^iits Lto had the stranpci^t vili 

.- tmiAi ^fyrtyy. So \i wm bU* wli 

"f doM-lfiDil, will 

Ht-ra of " lMK>ks. 

- was 


• loitcii isiiti; u» im- ul tht 

■ir> il.r l;,.,.fory people niont 

> iviih fnihusiusiiii 

' L'lit scbi-mcs fur 

-h. T'» tlw two pirls 

(itiry. She hn<l them 

jtiftj] lidUMt, iih4> gave 

_-. nntl tiM^rht them lo 

tnrcrj their 

1 C^ifta upon 

UU, .•^hC lL;AUe |ii-U> ul Ltu:Ul. UlliJ WAS tifvor 

• of iDriMitii^ iclM*mei for giTinp tliein 
■Mirv. It wmfl delijthiful to fcee their en- 
inrat irxl to receive tlteir i;ratituiie, iifi<] 
fOr"" '■ ' ! '■ ' ' iiiiotitrusive I 

"^Ih!. Huxley . 
■ -L- .^i ■■ ^i. I- iicAild ncvtT 
l"tn thr hands of their bcnii- ' 
S'li.' «K M tr;..l t,i inspire 
■ ■ ; hilt 

't , , > : , .i^ fthy. 

trn<t<cinunBirsiiM' girl — felt an Admiration of 

^•r- Wrt-rr-n that •pproachcd toidoUtry. It 

' a llrst lore- Mrs. Warren 

incnt of beiag lured with 

. but »lio r»ever calculntrd the 

v It l.iotichi tlunji with it, 

I cviild »liiiiiitittv 

.'•nL Allies wu» 

.1-. .--in: had a prvcoeion* 

n Ktifiv. and Mrs. WorrL-n't 

< 't take too muL'h hold iipim 

I n'K9 alnior>t as inurli he- 

' i: '1.'. r liv the fiiir widow-. 

I ultiigifd him to 

. which had fallen 

inrwed all thechiUiren 

•■'wnsand n?d nblwins. 

! window lo the 

[ two refractory 

imrik'ne. wUu hiui been the torment of 

: ahnrr all, »hr adinirrd his sennons ; 

wktWA in oonrncn ' !< a lonl 

.iMhad saogaliw DC'i admi- 

cH^t lead tosooirtiiMiL: ■.. u> r. Mpa. 

the only pcnon who rifuiM^d i^* 

ed She did not contradict the 

nptvrvw fcjuaiMid by li«r biuband and 

iliucb*-t!r, but ftbe beard them io Bilcnce. 

■Wlien Miriam vas tiKtccn. eho fell into 
delicate health : a slipht nreident developed 
n Ppinnl afleetion. A London pbyfician, 
who with hiw wife was on a short vi>'it to 
>'r- "nrri'ii. WW Mitnsm at her rv<pu"«t, 
■ little hnpe that *ho wmild ewr !« 

...., t^; but a Ijfc-loTt^ invalid. She waa 

ordered to keep as mnrh a9 possible in 
a re<*ijnil>ent position Mr«. Warren waa 
on tlie point of deftartin^ for London. 
Vi'thmi; could exwed her synipathv and 
ly. At first >he decUred - 
. hiT joiimeT. to auist M. . 
Ul iiuiAi* her sweet Nllriam ^ but sJ-c vua.iy 
pive up that idea when Mrs. IliJiIey de- 
dared, riitlier dryly. " thai then* was nut ibe 
least occasion ; ttr. as the eft*c ws» likelv to 
\>c letlious. it waa bctirr to liegin aa they 
could po on," Mrs. Wam'n, however, louled 
Miriam with prei^entfl. She made Miiiani 
pr<jmi*e lo write to her nil she read and 
ihoiijrht ; and. for tl.i-i fHit r>nK/' ^),i- rT;,vT- hiT 
a supply of fiiiry-bi ]vu, 

Miriam, on her iiitli , iwii-o 

a-week at h'n^t, aiid lo teii Mrs. Warren 
evtTK thiiiR tliat c<inld amn^e her. Mr>. 
Warren pavr onlerc to her pirdener to sup- 
ply the lUftory with fniit llnwers, and 
vepeiablcs; bulcKhiT Afrs. Warren's direc- 
ti'm* were not clear, or the pnrdcner did not 
cho<f.«o to set upon tbcm. Uo cliar^d for 
eventUiii}; that ha wnt down, and pive aa 
his reuon liiat his mistress paid bim no 
wajcM hi bcr absence, but lot him pick up 
what he could. 

After Mrs. Warren's departure, ahe wrote 
ff'r a month ; *ifler that, her letter* ceased. 
New^JmI:H,'^8 Fupplied their place ; and, it 
appeared from the notices of fnabionabtu 
life, that MrB. Warren bad taken her place 
amongst the gayest. At last the news- 
papers eeasf-d ; tfce last that came contained 
the announcement lliat 3Irji. Warren had li ft 
town for Pari*. After this, no more ncwa 
reached the Hectory. The Manor House re- 
mained -ihut up. and tlie lodge-keeper said 
" that the MisJitB was spending the winter at 

At itrst Miriam wrote in all the enlhusiaMn 
and good faith of youthful adoration. Mn<. 
Warren had tepped i^he would not count 
with her letter for Utter, hut have tnist in 
her unalteralkle attaeliment, J;c., Ac-; anil 
Miriam went on writing. lof^ after all an- 
swer? had ceased. Ererything earthly has 
its limit; *nd, when reciprocity U all on 
(me side, the term i« reached rather earlier 
than it miglit otherwise have been. Pwif 
Miriam lay on her couch, and w«nl through 
all the heart-ffickeninK process of dinrn- 
chantment about the friendship ir' - ' 'r- 
had made the li^hl of her life. S! 
m'»<«ltly in her physical sutl'crinp' • 
that she should so-^n die, »« »b« 
endure such misery loiig. The yd-: 
in the eternity of all they fed. 

She waa roused from iV.ift whtow «I 



38 Jiir II. !■»• 



tiiMDt by a real affliction. Sc&rlct Terer 
broke out in the pftriali. Mr. l[iixlL'y cnught 
it, anci diwl, rAct a fortnight'i; illness. A 
life tnsuranro fnr a thouitan<l pdutuU, and % 
few liuudrcdA (utinriiUy saved and laid hy in 
Uie bank of Enjrland, was nil the pruvision 
Uiat remained to liie fiuuily. 

A forlntcht after llie fuinral. Mrs. tluxicy 
aiid A^iit* were ailting fiidly before the (ire, 
which bad burned b>w, tin a dull, cbill 
NoTcmbcr evening. Miriam lay on her 

' ■'■■■' -'-ltd ficnrccly bt* diact'med in the 

Imw^. The dunk wns gailicnii}: 

, ... iiiainn wore not drawn; both 

wilhniit and uiihin. tlic vrorM looked equally 
desolate to these ihreu wuinuii. Tlic tilcnoe 
was broken only by the f^iphs of poor Mm. 
Huxlfy ', the dull lirelifht showed her 
widoM-*s mp, and the glaze of teant U|>on 
bcr pale clay-like cheeks. At Iviit^h Agnes 
roused herself. She had taken the lead in 
the bouK fiiucc the family troubU'S, and now 
moved briskly about the room, endeavouring 
to imparl Bomcihing like comfort She re- 
plenished tbo tire, trimmed the huup; and 
made tho <>ld servant bring iii t«a. 

Agnes threw in an extra epoonful of green, 
Bprcad a tf^mpting slice of tuast, and placed 
a amall table Ijctween Alrn. Iliixivy and 
Miriam, who bnih began tn«vnfcibly to bo 
inQueDced by the change she had produced. 
When tea was over, tbey became almost 
cheerful. After tea, Mrs. lluxlcy took out 
her knitting, and Agnes brought out her 

"Now iiEt4.>n, dear aunt ; for I have »cheme«l 
a scheme, which only ueedH your approval." 

*' That will go a very little way towards 
doing good." sighed Mrs. Huxley. 

" Oh, it will go further than you think !" 
said Agnea, cheerfully. "I wa« up at the 
Green thia morning, and I heard that iiam 
Blaektimith is going to leave hia cnttagc for 
another that is nearer to his smithy. It 
struck me that the one he is leaving would 
just suit you, and Miriam, and old Mary. 
There is a garden; and the cottage in your 
hands will he charmiDg. This furniture will 
look to more advantage there than it does 
hero ; and, when I have seen you comfortably 
settled, I shall leave you, to seek my for- 

'• Mv dear, you arc so rash, and you talk so 
fast, I don't hear one word you aay," said 
Mr#. Huxley, querulously. 

" I was talking, aunt, about a cotlagcl bad 
(seen this morning," said Agnes, gently, "1 
thought it would just *uit us.'* 

"I am Hure I shatl not like ft It will 
have atune flours, which will not do for 
Miriam. You talk so wildly of going to B<.ek 
your fortune. I am sure I don't know what 
la to become of us. You are so sanguine: no 
good ever comes of it You were all so set 
up with Mrs. Warren, and you sco what came 
of it," 

^ Well, aunt, mj belief is, that Mrs. War- 

ren would be aa good as ever, if she only uw 
us *, hut she cannot recollect people out of 

" She luves MaltRry. and she Ukos fresh 
people." said Miriam, bitterly 

Agne;i went to Uic piano, and beg^n tojiUy 
some old hymn tunes very softly. 

" Agnes, my dear. 1 cannot bear 
I)o rome back and sit still," said her . 

The next morning Agnca p< i 
aunt to go with her to the Gr> • 
the cottOKe ; and, after some obh 
Huxley agreed that it might hv 

Whilst making arrangemoni:^ : . 
moral, Agnes thought seriously how 
to obtain a sitnnti'm of Kome ki: 
anxiously examined what she was <, 
to nndortake. She knew that fhc S 
herself to deiH.'nd tjpon. A fev 
wards the [Mistman brought a i 
foreign poiitmark. It was Mrs. >'■ 
handwriting. Agnes bounded with 
the parluur, exclaiming. " See ! who wa^ r:gl:; 
about iirs- Warren ? It ia for you.-' 

Miriam turned aside her head. lln. 
Huxtey put on her spectacles; and. after 

turning the letter over half-n tl ■ - 

opened it. A bank-note for t^'. 
fell out. Thu letter was written ... 
est tone. She hnd just seen the ni> . 
Mr. Huxley's deatlLaud wrote on ih'. 
the moment. She was full of self-i 
for her neglect ; begged them to bti 
loved them as much as ever ; spoke oi 
with greot kindness, but without ^ 
cialily ; Wgged to be informed of th«ir _ 
for the future; and, in a hasty po(itvi 
said, that the enclosure was towards i 
a tablet to the memory of her dear u 
for any other purpose they preferred. 

Nothing could be kinder or more delicate; 
butMirinm was nearly choked w'*' ' •■ -'' ' 
ings. The letter showed her hi 
she had faded away from Mj-, ..„,.^..- 
oiTectton. She vehemently urged her moUwr J 
and cousin to send back the money. i 

Agnes undertook to answer the letter; 
which she did with great judgment. EnB 
Miriam was satisfied. Shu mentioned 
own desire to tind a aitualtou as pni 
tory goTerncsB, and asked Mrs, ' 
if she had It in her power to re< 

As soon as could reasonably be czpcctoil. 
the answer came, addressed to Mrs. !' 
begging that Agnes might at once i 
writer in Paris, where, she had not 
doubt, she wouM be able to pluce 
vantagcously. Minute directions w< 
for the journey. On arriving in Fai 
was to proceed at once to the Uui^ , ..__ 
mond, where Mrti, Warren was staying. 

"How kind! how very kind !" exclaimed 
Agnes. '' You see her heart is In tlio right 
place after all !" 

"It is certainly very kind; but I do not 
like you Uy take so long a journey alunr. you 


iitij ti, um. 


' .r.not feel it either right 
. Hiiiliiv. 

-:4i*] Miriam, "yoii shall 
M b» ini- rnorcy (if that womnn 

^ hut cxcUenu'iit. Shr 

IK>tton of obligation, and will be na 
i not to iuTc lefi Paris hy the linu! 
ite, if the fancy has tukvii' her fur 
. Kfcypl or Mttxico. 1 know wbkt abc 
, ftnil fuu tahull U'jI gif." 
** Xy tlvar aunt. R8 L ftm to make my own 
»f in ibe WDrbl. the sooner 1 l>epn the 
I »ra to t*Jce cimrjie of others, and 1 
tm lo take care of tiiy-tflf. My dear 
, you ar<> unjust. I pUcu my little i 
em* OD the stahihty uf Mrs. \VariX'n'ji 
I ; hut the lUvray^ likck poodle whi-n 
ilti bi-r. Ii 18 an o|)t^Diog 1 am 
have af;aiii. tuul Ibu sixjner 1 i 
r«f it thr Wltei." ! 

ncii, be warned, I etilrent you. No i 
rill cTcr come out of thnt tt'pmftn''s 
join hrtitlitft. Tboy nr^ no l>ett^r ih&n 
■fr-fl. Ilavi' hdthing to do with hcr.^' 
AjCiiC^ sf^iuld nut be w&nwd. She wished 
gM oMi tnto tho w/irld, to make her ok-h 
%T. Slio had DO fcanB for herself. She 
ao<l persuaded, knd at last her aunt 
trd. Miriam wa« over-ruled, and a 
I aoccptanri; n-as writton to Mrs. \Vnr- 
iiif^ tb« day three weeks for her Ue- 

ia cset now !'' said Aggies, when 

frum carrytug the letter to tlie 

wonder wh&t inj future lot will 


T^r dlltiTcnre rolled heavily into tb« Court 
'OS Koyal in Paria, towards 
•^ keen bri^lit day in the lost 
i>iL>r. A fair, elegout Engliftb 
in-niuf^ looked auxioiuly out 
I u iii.'j'.'W L'( ttie coup(^, in search of some 
I ciaini her. 

1 any one waiting for you, MaVi- 

ked the good-iialured couduclor. 

'7*-r!<- you to alight J" 
I ic," said Agues, who was 

' ' .-.lii the noise and buatle. " I 

a coach to go to this address, 

B. Warren. Tlotel Raymond," read the 
ior, looking at her keenly, " Vou 
► go there, do you i Weil, I will see. 
^fheadti ought out to have left you to 
' nl'-m,'. But the English arw bo droll I'' 
In n Tf'*- minutes he returned. 

\U'inM'H«, boru 16 a coach. The 
uy friend ; he will see you safe. 
njv trust him. I would go with you 
, 6at— " 

hm been *ery kind to lue,*' said 

efully. H<-r command of French 

aited. and she said this in Kng- 

l4ook Itiat aceumpauii^d it Kpoke 

kvUictk needs no interpreter. 

'•pardon. No thanks; it is my dnty. 
Ala'meclle is tno (•enerous ! Tliere is no 
occasion." And the galUnt conductor put 
bank the live- franc piece that AprieH tendered 
with pome etnborra''5ment; for, diinnfr the 
joufiiey, he bad shown her kindness that she 
\\-\l could not l>e repaid in oi-mey. Slic took 
from her purse a half-crown piece Knia;1itth 
money. This the conductor jMit into bis left 
waii<tcoat- pocket, oji he said ''for a remcm- 
brapct) of JVIa'msellc." 

The hackney-c'jnch Hoon arrived at llay- 
tnoiKr^i. A ^raDd-lookiuf; ^cr\-ant r*ame to 
the door of the coach. nn<l inquired her plea- 
f^urtr, with on elaborate pDlilene«a that would 
have been overwlielminf: at any ottier time; 
but .^pnes scarcely noticed him. She eajrerly 
handed him Mrs. Warren's catiI ; but what 
little French she could commaud had entirely 
departed, and she could not utler a word. 
The (jargon UxAi the card, looki'd at it with 
a slight gesture of surprise, and returned to 
the house. In the meantime, the coachman 
dismounted, look down tho raodeet luggage, 
and demanded bis fare. Agne*; alighted, 
gave the man what he asked, and ho had just 
driven awny when the gar^on ruiurnod, 
occompanied by another. 

" Ma'mHelle is under a meestake." Raid the 
new comer, who evidently believed that ha 
Hpoke £ngli!»h like a native. " Mailame 
Warren ia no more here — slie dep.irtvd two 
days since for Mai>».*illt'a." 

Agn«s looked stupidly at him. She had 
hoard what bo said jvrfectly, and she was 
quite calm; but it was the cnluinca»i that 
makes tliu heart stand still, and turns the Iifo 
within to stone. 

" She told me to come here. She knew I 
was to come" Agnes xpoke with stilfened 
lips, and a voice that did mit ficcm her own. 

" She may have left aome message — atHue 
letter fur Mu'mselle," auggeatcd tho first 
gar^un. *'I will imjuire." 

A^CH sat down upon her trunk. She felt 
W)nvinced that Mrs. Warren had cone and 
left no directions about her. Site liad just 
Hvo francs and half a guinea left of money. 
Her position prefented ilst^lf to her with 
perfect lucidity ; but she felt, no alarm, 
only a horrible Btillneaa and paratysitt of all 

The gar^on returned; lie bad a letter in 
his hand. Madame Warren had departed 
for MarHeilles, en routti for Sicily, She had 
left ui> message or direction. That letter had 
arrived a few hours af^r her de{>arture, but 
they did not know wliere to forward it. 

Agnes looked at the letter, it was her 
own, statii^ the time ihe would arrive in 
Paris, and requesting to be met. She gave 
it l>ack to the ear^on without speaking, and 
n>fited her head dreamily and wearily (i|»oq 
her hand. 

The sight of ft young and exlrcmelr pretty 
Engti&h girl in deep uiouniiiig, and sitting 
upon her trunk, had by tbta Umu %\.\.T%c\.<iA 


Ill j.y ::.i '.-. lIiH SKIUH,1» WnlthS. r..'.i;.i.jbr 

:i ;:r'Miii nf lurioiis s|)0<-tati>rt:. Tin- fatL'ur, Apncs c>iHli>nvimrctl to rise, l-ut Miik 
Atriii'S I-«'t* was iryinWinj; in tlir lialiuin'. ! limrk ; the Imi^' joiirncy ami tlio wvere >h'K:k 
Ah'fJi'ly. :i man, no Ion;;cr yoimfr. wh<i Itad : she had rtvi'ivi-d had niaih? Ikt wrii-usly 
l.tjit his frniit tt'i-th. and who hnjk(Ml ha if he j ill. The dncUir wlio had hi-cn calU-d t<> ru- 
had no hont'S in hifi hod}', and a woman with I vivt' her frnm her long trancc-likr >woMn 
a lianl. in-'nUnt, dotonninni faco. varnished | ordiri'd thi'iinifuiindi;st quiet, and. tbankMo 
wiih «'ai'>hTv. ajipruached her. The wtmian ' the Saniaritsm klndne^ of her new frit-mis 
addrp-<i'l hiT in pa8^ahly p:oiMl Knjiliph. hnt[ Apnes was enabled to follow the dix't'ir'a 
■ ' ....■ *' directions; Cor two days she lay in a dflifiht- 

fnl state of re(iose. hetwcen wakini: and 
droaniinj^. Kverythinj; she neeiled was bp Mrjlit 
to her, afi by wrtne friendly magic, at pn-im'- 
ly tlie ri^ht tnotnent. On the third day ^he 

A;rne!' set'innl not to hear. M lhi> i'n>i.<. a 
{inivo. nii'ldli'-asi''l ">»" made bii« way from 
tho Ptiect. He looked ronnd with Mirpri.'<e 
al the pcrsotijs eruwdinp in the court, and hi^ 
I'Vc fi-U on Ajrm-:*. He went up to hii*. The 

man and wniuu l>oth elirank bark Ihmi hit) felt almost well, and expressed a wihh in js-t 


■■ Whiit is tho meaning of all this, my 
child? lTn\T came you hero, and what do 
yoii want ?" 

He si'i'k.' with a certain bonovi>l:'nt aU'Ste- 

np and ilres!«. Her Imstess took her dim-n 
to a pleasant, parlour beyond theotHce. Then* 
were btuiks. and prints, and newspaiK'is ; slie 
was tU'.*ired to anmse herself, and not ti' 
troiibhf her head with anv auxictr abniit the 

; rity. Hi-' t'liu' roused Apies; she looked up ' future; she WiiR a visitor, 
anil p:is-fd her hand in a bewildcrtMl way | M. Kaymoud, tho proprietor, came in. 
(ivr-r her f-Ti'Iu-ad ; but she could nr>t n'col- 1 Agnes bar! not seen him since the day he 
li«-f or explnin her story. Mei-hanically she . br(>ujrhl her into his hi>use. He was a }:ri\e 
^avo him .Airs. Warren's letter, dirfctin-r her ; sensilde man. To him 8li« told her wiioK* 
1" the H"t' I Raymond. and looked acutely at ; story, and save him Mrs. Warrtn*s letters V* 
him a-; hi* eye ^rhincid over it. j read". '* My piod yonnj: lady," said he a- lie 

■ "My i>iior child, you caimot remain here, j returned them, "we have only a htilt? 
Tlu-y ou^ht not to liave left you hen.* fur ! *!tren;rth, and >honM not waste it in :?upcr- 

■ a moment. You mu-»t oome in and spciik thiities ; we need it all to do our simple duly .^ 
.'to mv wife. We will see what can be i This latly was ti>o fond of the luxury of doiiic 

j J done." I i;ood. as it is callofl ; but I cannot under.^t.ind 

r Tho loitrrer* dis|H'rsed — tho now-conuT I her tlioujrlitIessne.«s. There nnist K- some 

■ ■ w.'ts tho proprii'tur of the hottl. Hesirin^r a ' niistnke ; thouirh, after incurring tlie resjxm- 

■ , ptirior to take up her trunk, he led her into I sibihty of seniliuj: fnr you, no mistake ought ' 
"in private ()lli(v, where a pK-asaut-lortkinfr I to have been jio^silih?.'' 
J woman of ulHiut forty, sat at a desk, sur- 1 Apnes tried toi-xpross all the gratitudi- she 
■' rounded by a<'<ouut -books and ledjri-rs. Shejfclt; but M. Raymond interrupted her. Stio , 
. looked np fp'oi her writin;r as they entered, I was far from ivalisini: all the danjier >he haJ : 
; He spoke to her in a low Tuice, and gave her ! escaped ; she knew it in after years. " I shall 
: the li-lter to n-ad. ' write houu-." she said ; " my aunt anilc.msin 

■•M:u-= c\"it uno iufamie !" said she. vehe- j will be anxious until thf.'y hear." 
. iin'i'tly. when she had read it. You have] '"Let them lie uueasy a little longer, till 
li'-no well to bring her in — it is worthy nf: you can tell them something detinite about 
. you. my friend. Heavens! she is stupefied ^ your pro^spect". Any thing you eoubl say nov 
■. with cold and fear!" | woulii only alarm them.'* 

Agnes vttii.d Kiill. apparently unconscious j Two days afterwards M. Raymond came 

■ of what was iia-<sing; she heard, but she j to her anil ».aid. " Ho not think we want to 
I, C'tuld give no sign. At length. Mght antl . get rid of you ; but if it suits you. [ hnve 

- ^'otmd bceaiiie confuse<l. and she fell. ! heard of a situation. Madame Trt-rnordyn [, 

'■ When slie iveovered. she was lying in bed. ! wants a companion — a young laily who will II 
j au'l a i)leasant-looking nurse was sitting | l»e to her as like a daugliter as can l»e got fur li 
bi->>idc lu'<r, dlf•^sed in a tall wliitc Normandy ' money. She is a good woman, but pn)ud J 
1 1 cap and striped Jacket. She nodded and j an<l [K.>culiar; and, so long as her sun <Iih-s j 
■; .<inili'd. and showed her white teeth, when I not fall in l<jve with yon, she will tivat yoa ' 
[ Agnes opened her eyes, shook her head, and [ well. The son is with his regiment in Algiers || 
jl jabberecl sdiiu'thiugthatAgnesouuld not com- 'just now; so yrui arc safe. I will take you j. 
! pi-ehenil. The girl felt to<) weak and too to her this afternonn. 

dreamy to attempt to unravel the mystery 
of where she was and how she came 
there. In a short time, the lady she hail 

They went accordingly. Madame Tre- 
inordyn — an old llr^ton lady, stately with 
;rey hair and llaslnng dark grey" e\es. 

jl .-ein sitting in the ollico amongst the day- ' dressed in stilf black silk — received her with 
{' biioks anrl ledgers, came in. i?he laid her ^ stately urbanity, explained the duties of her 
,l band gently on her foreliead, saying, in a ' situation, and expressed her wish that Agnes 

i-heerrnl v"*i<*e. "You are better now. You ■ should engage with her. The salary was 
i- are with friends. You shall tell us your lilicral and Agnes thankfully accepted the 
' st'Ty when ytni are stronger. You must not I oifer. It was settled that she should v*>nw 

aiiitiiti.' yourself." ■ the next morning. " lleeolleet vour home is 


joir II. in 


Hti lit*" MtuI ^^ KiviMoud. "Coum bAck to 

mto to her ftunL the 

Hitry f4 kli that h«tl l>erallun bor. and the 

Ills who liai} tu.'en mtKod up to her. and 

hutua lliat had otTcrfd in a Uod uf 

n».'«T%. But. with all tliis cimse for tbiuik- 

I ifd Lcrsflf to hlet'p ibac 

'J, fur the ilrst time, thai 

MitH aiijuv 111 bcr life, and belonged to 



p1.,.t.^v.. i,«,t t. lire under thedynaatj' 
>nr that it can neither 
,wd gpnn. It in the 
^0Dd that prereittA the material 
iig turued to any good areuunt. 
iiordrii always declared that iihe 
I exacting pereou in existence; 

»»o loiiu a«-Agiit!ii imH atwayB in the 
I with wr, alwa>a on the alert watcb- 
her eye f-M- anything she iDight ncciJ 
^r*n lung Madame waa quite satifitied. 
' uioi'dyn had a pastjion for every- 
!i. Sbc would be read aloud 
ail iiuiira of the day or night. Agnes 
upon a bed in her room, whence «he 
t be roused, if Madame Trtniordyn 
If c<xil<t not re-tt ; and woe to Agnes 
ttenlifm flaggeil, and if alio did 
t« fwl iiiterefct and enjoyment 
ivcr iho hook in band might be — 
hi't it were tlie History of Miae lietty 
" Uew, or Uie I'!ctmouiy of Flunmn Life 
Tremordyn took the life of Agnes, 
'led It away; the used it up like 
condiaoDt^ to give a ilatuur to 

Iitlh aQ this exigence, Agnes was 
^lO Madame Tremiiflyu. who o^usl- 
ouch B« she did tbegown t>hu wore, ! 

r she ale. She was one of the many 
viib which she bad surrounded i 
be gave AgMc« no more regard or ) 
. Ti.iiiviili.iMiiiling Iht'ir close inter- | 
1 to her arm-chair, or i 
^ : :<>ud un its hind legs 

AfDC* ha*) no material hardship to | 
Hm nf; ^'ha only felt as 1/ the breath i 
; iMit of lief, and abe were \ 
But where elee ondd she j 
uld fhe do? At length, Ma- 
i<l«ii fell really ill, and required 
and tending. Agned had I 
. wdl aji woLcliful days, but 
a lunu <)t-6iwd Htatc of cxifftence. 
ifr« was a cupiial nume; the old lady 
human, after all and was touched by 
tkiil and kindness. Shu dveUa'd that Agnes 
>i.i .1 I • i^mc her as if slie hkcd it. 

I, Agnes had not to live in 

uroI starvation. The old lady 

,t*d her like a human being, and really 

an Interest in her. She asked her 

^DMlioni abt>nt home, and abuut her aunt 
Mwi couaiu i aUo, 6he told Agntd about her- 

self, about her aon, and about her late hua- 
baud. She apoke of Iier own aflain and of 
her own experiences. It was egotiam cer- 
tainly ) but egotism thai asks for sympathy 
ia the one touch of nature which makes the 
wfaote world kin. Agnes grew* lets unhappy 
09 she felt she becojuu niuru ru'cettsary to the 
strange exacting old woman with whom her 
lut waa CA4t. She had the pleasure of ttewling 
remittances U> tier aunt uiid couBiii— proub 
uT bor material vreJI-being ; and she always 
wrote cheerfully to tbent, Occastunally, but 
very rarely, she was allowed to go and yiait 
lier friends the Kayuionde. 

Ni> news ever cume of Mrs. Warren. Slw 
might have been a myth ; &o cmnpU-teljr 
had she passed away. There had been an 
adinixiuru of accident in her neglect ; but K 
was accident that rather aggravated lluin 
excused her conduct. The day after she 
wrote so warmly to Agnea to come to her 
in PariOf Sir Edward Destraycs came 
to her, and entreated her to gu to lUfl 
mother, who waa ill ; and Mrs \S''arron waii 
her moat intimate friend : indeed, they were 
etratigers in Paris, and Mrs. \S'arren waa 
nearly the only peraon they knew. Lady 
Deslraycswas'ordereil to the south of France 
— would dear, kind Mr^. Warren pro with 
herl It would 1^ tbu greatest kindiic»i» in 
the world! Mrs. Warien Kpoku French so 
beautifully, and neither niother or sun ftp«»ke 
it at all Sir Edward Dcatrayes was smnu 
years younger than Mrs. Warren. The world, 
if it had been ill-natured, might have said he 
wan a mere boy tu her ; itcTertiieleas, Mra. 
Wnrrcn was in love with him, and she 
hopt^ it was ni»lhing but his bub- 
fulncba that hindered him from dedaring 
him»elf in love with her. Gladly would ahe 
have agreed to the proposed journey ; but 
there was lluit invilatioa to Agnea. 
She must awail her answer. Agne#, as 
wo liave seen, accepted tlie oll'er, winch Mrs. 
Warren felt to lie provoking enough— Lady 
Deslrayes needed her so much ! What waa 
to be done 7 A certain Slaiiame de Bri»eac, 
to whom she confided her dilemma, ollered to 
take Agues into her own nursery (nitltout 
salary) until a better place could be fuund. 
Mrs. Warreu wa^ cnclianlod : nothing could 
be better. Sht wrote a note lu AgDCS. 
(elliug her she luid found her a situatioa 
with Madame de Btissac ; where she hoped 
sho would be happy, and eneluaed her some 
money, along with Madame de Brissuc'e 
address. The preparations &>r departure were 
hurried; fur the i>aTty set out some days 
earlier than woA intended. Agnea and her 
concerns pftssed entirely from Mrs. Warix'u'a 
mind. Six weeks afterwards, searching her 
pftrtlolio. a letUT fell out with the seal 
unbroken i it was her own letter to Agnea. 
The sight of it turne<l her tick. She did 
nut dare to Utink of wliat might Iwve hap- 
pened. She sat fur a few mumeDta stupefied, 
and Uten hastily llung the occusini^ Wvvut \i\\a 

42 '»ir )t. mt. 



the fire, without a thou^hc for the money \n- 1 
sWe, She tried not to think of Agnes. Shu 
did not Hare to write to Mr*. Huxley to 
Inqwipo ffh»t had become of her. Mra. 
Huxley and Miriam never heard from her 
ftjratn ; the Manor House was sold, and Mrs. 
Warren passed away like a cream. Mean- 
time flhe married Sir Kdward DoMrayet 
ftgainat his mother's wlpho». It ia to bo 
presumed that he did not find her the anml 
she wad reputed to be ; for, at the end of a 
Tear, they loparatcd. She always g<>i .>n 
netter alone ; but. as she had married irithoui 
settlement, ihe bad not the whcreirlth to bo 
so much of an angel In her latter days &« in 
the beginning. 

Agnci wondered and apcculatcd what could 
have become of her. Mad»rae Treroordyn 
grimly smiled, and said nobody erer made 
Bnch mischief in life aa those who did at once 
too much and too little. *' If you hi'gin an act 
of bencToIence, yoo are no longer free to lay 
It rlnwn In the middle. So, my dear, don'i go 
off into benevolence. You ncTcr know where 
U wilt lead you." 

M'hen Agnes had been with Madame 
Tremordyn a little more than a year. 
Madiime TrcmordyD'a son came home from 
Afriva. He was a handsome, soldierly 
young man ; but grai-e and melancholy ; 
poelioal, dreamy, gentle as a woman ; but 
proud and sensltire. Agncii was nineteen, 
extremely lovely, wUh golden hair, blue eyes, 
and a dencate wlld-roM complexion ; a little 
too firmly set in figure for her height but tbat 
seemed cnaructerlatic. She had learned to be 
self-reliant and had been obliged to keep all 
her tlioughia and emotions to herself. At 
first Madame Tremordyn was proud to show 
off her son. She insisted that Agnes shoulj 
admire him, and was nercr weary of uilkint; 
ahoat him. Agnes had been trained to be a 
good listener. Madame liked her son to sit 
with her, and he showed hlmwlf pomarkfthly 
traetjible — a model fur sons. He di'l not seem 
to rare in the least for going out. He preferred 
sitting and wn-tching Apnes— listening to 
hor as she read — wlitlsl fie pretended to he 
writing or rtaiding. In a little while Madame 
Treniofdyn opened her eyes to the fact that 
her son was in lore with Agnen— Agnt«, a 
portionless orphan, with few friends and 
no ronneiions. But Agnes was a mortal 
maiden, and she loved M. Achille Tremor- 
dyn. \rqo raiglit have aspired to the hand of 
an heiress with a shield full of ouariorings. 

M. Acbille Tremord3'n opeuod his heart to 
h\% mother, and begird Iicr blessing and 
consent to his marrying Agne^. Madame 
Tremordyn was very indignant. She accused 
Agnes of the blackest Ingratituduj and 
desired her son. if he valued her blessing in 
the least, not to think of her, but dutltully 
to turn hiseyea to the young Indy she destined 
tor him, and with whose parents olra had. 
indeed, opened a negociaiion. M. Achille 
declared that he would have hU own way; 

Agnea only Wept- The storm of dame Tr*- 
raordjn's wrath fell hcavieft upon her, *he 
being the weakest and bi-st able to hear it 
without reply. The result wbb, that Agiui 
was sent away in disgraco. 

The RavTBond's glarllv rcceired ■ 
entered warmly into her case. 
Raymond declared it was unhoard^J" Ur- 
barism and pride, and that the old Iidj 
would find it come home to her. M. Aclullo 
Tfeuuirdyn left home to join his regi- 
ment, firi-t having bad an in: 
Agnes. Ho vowed eternal com 
the pasMonate Unngs that to .'.v^i- m 
the world, for the time being, look Itkt 
enchantment. It was the first ray of 
mmance that had gilded Agncs's life. She 
loved as she djd everything else — thoronj 
steadfastly, and with her whole heart ; 
refused to marry, or to hold a eorretpond 
with her lover, unlit his inothcr gave 

) consent She would, however, wan. e 

i it Were fbr life. 

After her son bid gone, Madatnc Tre- 
mordyn felt very crosn and miserable. She 
did not, for one moment, belirve she hid 
done wrong; but it was vi'ry provoking tbst 
neither lior mn nor Agiic^ could Iw tii«<l« V> 
confess thatehe had done right 

AgneR remained with the P.' 
wrappwl round with a sense of *""■■' 
had never known before. Sin 
dame Raymond to keep the In.. _ , 
would not hear of her leaving them. Mai 
Tremordyn felt her^ielf aggrieved. She 
engaged a young person in the room l>f 
Agiiee^ with whom no man was likely tu '«• 
attracted; but. unluckily. Madami* ' 
dyn found her as unpleasant and uom 
as the rest of the worid did. ^ 
Agnes sorely. At length, she- 
and fumed lieraolf into a nervous icut. 
Madetnutritflle Bichat^ her companion. )xautt 

douttly insiipportahlc. Madame ^ * '■ 

to Agnes, rt-proachini; her wi' 
leaving her, and bifhling hot ...< 
She signed herself The Mother Of Acl 
There was nothing for it bnt to goi 
Agnea went, hoping that the dimcull 
that lay between her and happiness 
soluble, and had begun to melt away, ft* 
dentoiaelle Iticbat ww* discjirded. and A\ 
re-in«ta]|(>d in her old plaiT. The old 
was not the least more amiable or reatoi 
for being ill. She talked iucesjanlly 
her son, and reproached .\pno3 with 1 
stolen his heart away fi-ara her, his moll 
yet, with curious contradiction, she 
Agues alt the mure for the vcri ■•- • ttl 
she so bitterly deprecated. 1 1 
only have loved him in a hunib,.., .j._T,.-'.ii 
way, she would have been allowed to b* 
miserable to her heart's content But to 
loved in return ! To a^plro to marry 
That was the offenoe. _ 

Two vcare passed over. At tho end rf 
them. Achille returned on aick-leavc. Ho 

* frTer. wMeft JmA left Tiiin In & low, 
>inp nUte. Madame Treniordyn would 
—she could not do without 
I? r fhe would never cnn»pnt 

< UHi.iw.;:.- with her son. nnd that she 
i^boiK to hor l>ft like a Chritttian. and 
|cMtl« lite a aUt«r ; which she had no 
pa tA coDAider her. The sight of 
^ pmunt and worn with illtiesa, made 
Ittiankfol to stop on any terms. 
Hl« w*8 (treatly changed ; he w%a 
h. ncrvons, and fall of strangle fencies. 
tt^ {n Api^A ae a cli'ild to ita mother. 
faa and tender genlleneM soothed htm, 
bft coald ronsc him from the fits of 
^d drpreuion to which be was sub- 
^is toother lamented over the wreck 
Iterocne; hot the tove of Agnes he- 
iir^r ami def per. The nature of U 
tped, but his Deed of her had a more 
chann than when, in his brilliant 
h«d looked np to him h» a Bome- 
toorr than mortu, mnd wondered, in 
Bitlttv, vbal he saw in her to attract 
'GraduaPj be seemed to recover his 
I The shadow that lay upon him was 
ptf, and b« be«ame like his old self. 
• not, however, able to rctarn to the 
f He rvtiivd, with the prade of captain I 
I <lc<mcBt»o«i of the Lte^on of Honour. 
ba* Traaordjn's fortune wu small, I 
p u i md In t life-rvnu There would , 
or »o4Wfig at her death for her 
It waa necet8ai7 lie should find | 
\ftofmeai. Through the influence ' 
Twlalisii, be obtained a situation ta | 
Tbe BaJarj was modest, but it 
A» 6v« ipon In tolerable com- j 
tfibi acoManced to his mother his i 
it marryiog Acne^ ; and. this 
ifce Brt with no opix^ition— it w^ll 
pMa bhIlla. Apies was prv»r:<' 
I nd nUtiTw of the clan Trru 
I bMMlbeJ or Achille. It was half 
IllMt AgtMi ttunld pav a Ti«it to her 
M 0<WitB wtuaa she had not seen for 
Ivr^aua; bat Mrs. Tremorrhn IcU ill, 
id MM a^Are ber. The TiiitVas post* 
eoald ICO with herbusbaiid; and. 
falla, letters of loic and conjr*- 
» fraa tbcOL The whole f ir- 
evffMaad iMr gracious appro- 
tkev^^if BkM^bh girl tbar kioman 
mm, mad iMde tibcral oflbrinn of 
pft& T1« mi Rayi»a«d« ftmMbed 
MiM^ ma Agum eodd acvcclf 
■ la the ba iyiaiu e that aro^e upon ber 
pteatcr t«de» ah* pn«rirc<d a itnnge- 
lAdAa. ltwiaiM««ldiie«8ore»trane«- 
^4r ka eoaU mm baar ber evt of hts 
U* wu ^«1«* w«fl im badth. = 
m ia i aj idir foori s|plnta. 

I Mpslf: he affcand coof^^m 

fBnch«4 p uaanM s n. and waa reat- 

— ■j>l if flbe IwAed U blpa, Tbe 

m4 cC »4 ibe trfed M tUak 


The wedding-day came. Tlie wedding 
giuests wen; asseniblfd in Madame Ray- 
mond's heal salon ; for Agnes was their 
adopted daughter, and waa to be married 
from their house. Neither Achille nor his 
mother hud arrived. AguPB, looking lovely 
in her whitt? drt-ss and veil, sat in her room 
until the should he summoned, Tlie time 
passed on — some of the gUMti looked at thetr 
watches — a carrince drore up. Madame 
Trcroordyn, dressed maRniflcently, but look- 
ing pale and tcrror-Biricken, came into iho 
room, her usual stately step wa» now tottering 
and eager. 

"Is my «on, 18 Aehlllft hereT' she asked 
in an imperious but hollow voice. 

No one replied, A thrill of undefined terror 
passed through all assembled. 

"Is he here, I ask? He left home two 
hours «i^>." 

'■ He liss not been here. We have not seen 
him." replied the eldest member of the family. 
■' Calm yourself, my cousin, doubtless he will 
be here soon." 

There was an uooaey sHence. broken by the 
rustling of drewes, and the rc^illess niotingof 
people afraid to stir; feeling, as It were, 
under a spell. The eldest kinaman spoke 

" Let some one go Sn ic&reh of him.** 

Three or four row at ibia snggeflllon. 
Madame Trcmordyn bowed her head, and 
said "GoP* It was all she had ihe force to 
articulate The guests who n-tiisint'd looked 
at each other with gloomy forcljodiitgn, and 
knew not whit to do. At Hat the door 
opened *"■! A:^'=* f-n'Tcd. A lai^ ehawl 
was wn Sridol dre«rB, but she 

was wiv I f>r nrnamcDta; her 

f»c^ wSA pale, ber eyes dilated, 

"* Wltat is all Uiu 7 T^t me know tbe 
r»t— what has happened ?" She locdced 

ra one to the other, but none answered her. 
She went up to Madame Trewordyn, and 
said. " Tell me, mother." 

But Madame Tr«Dordyn put ber aalde, 
and Mid: 

- Ynu are the caziae of whatever ill haa 
befcTIen him." 

A murtaur rosa ftwn tbe eompeny ; but the 
poor mother looked to atrieken and miwrttble 
that DO one b*d tb*hK*rt t-. I.Thm' ^i'-- -.n- 
reaaoQ. Evcrrbo'l 
f04M *» endure toog" 

they ^sded aoiacleaaly away ; liraving tmlf 
A^Do. Uadana Tramerdys. a»d ilie good 
KavTiHiDds. The hooiv paaaed on, and fttlll 00 
Udingi. The nq>ens« beeMM btolcrable. 
M. Raymond went oat to peak tbrfaAraaUoa, 
and tbo to ^t tbe mBoe in mvtioM. AgM«, 

ho bad aat all tUi vMfe kOI ud eal■^ 
bout Vttcriag ft »*fJ or aheddiag » tMK 

rrmt «I»d b >AoOCd M»dMIM ^JWm^ tS 

eme oos ca brarin^- 

«l mt cteflse thia d»*m «««* »• 
wtUi 1w; wo m-rt l« •t bom" «beo beta 



44 '»>r II. UM. 


" But yon cannot go there my child — it 
woulil l>e imhf'flril of." 

" 1'ticy will botit need me — there ii no one 
who CAT! till my pUcc— let me go " 

Shu flpoko gt'iitly, but resolutely. M«<lAin« 

" Ipiuud MI7 that it was no caw fur rernon- 
ince. In s fetr tDtnoents Acrnw n^tiirncd 
In ber walkinfc-ilre.'«ii. She Iwd bvr k>ud pn 
MulMne Tri-m<iriiyji, and sud : 

'■ Let us do home " 

Tht poor mother, looking t«ti ye«r» older 
tlitii on llic previoufi day, ro«e. ftnrl Icuniii^ 
upon Ag7>tB «'jilki»d feebly to iht donr. 
MttdnmL" RariiiMiid aupporlcd her on tht 
cllivr »idc; she wuuld have f^one with thfiit 
but Agne& ahuuk Iter bead and kissed her 
silently. Arrived at houtt- Affneti re.<<iiiiii*d 
her old poKitioit. Slio bukied lierBclf ahuiii 
Aladomc Tiviriordyn. Sho made Iter take 
sfMiiu nnuriahment, chafed her hands and 
feet uid tried to keep snuie warmth and life 
within her; but Utile apevch pasaod betHocn 

The weary hnun pasaed on. and na tidinf^s ; 
about miilni^ht a btrangely-aounding fontniep 
waa hitard upon the stair. The iluor uf tlu' 
room opeoed, and AcliUh), with [tin drcaa din- 
Ofdcred and torn, aiid corerwd with mud 
stood bffure th«m. He stopped short at aee 
ing them, and evidently did not rec<»friiit»e 
thorn. lit; did not speak. Thvru wns a wild 
glare in hi« ore, — he wa»(juLio mad. 

Madatni! Treniordyn, in extifme tvmir. 
elirunk baeJt tn her anu-cliair, trying; to hid.; 
her-'df Ajnica placed licraelf beltfre her ; 
luokinf; sicadily at Achllle, she aaid quietly, 

"Make no uoiu. your mother ia ill." 

He sat down dowly, and with apparent 
rcluctaocc, upon iho chair she indicated. 
She kept her o\e fixed upon him, and bt 
moved uneaeitv under ita inSuence. )t was 
like bring wiifa an uncaged wiM l;c»st; and, 
what waa to be the end, she di<l not know. 
At length be rose atcalthily and backed 
towards tho door, whiolt reninined npen. 
The i natan t he gained the Ian ding- jiUce 
he spmng down Biairs with a yell. The 
bouse iloor was closed wiUt riolence, and he 
was heard running fiiriouBly ap the street; 
hi* ycUa and shouts ringing through the air 
AgnttB drew a deep brtsith, and turned to 
Mad.tizio 1'remurtlyn, who lay back in her 
chair speechless j her face was dreadfully 
distorted. Shu had bean airuck with para- 

cBKPTKit Tvra roiraTR. 

Agnm roused the domestics for medical 
acsistance, and got Madame Tnmordyn to 
bed, as t*{>cedily as iiotuiblo Uer strength 
and calmness seemed little ler>s than stipKr 
natural. The medical luaa remained in 
attendance the rest of tho night; but no 
change for tlie Ijetter took place. Madame 
Tremonlyn lay still speechless, di«t"»rted- 
yct uot altogether insensible, as miglit be 
Been by her eyes, which followed Agnes 

wialfuUy. No tidio^ came of Achil 
the next day at noon, wtivn Mrs. Trem. 

kinstnan catne witli tlic news that 

luid been ciiuTeYud to Uie Bicdtre a fiiriQ, 
nianuK. Ho «|inke low, but Mn. Tre mtrdi 
beard him; a gleam of terrible an 
fn-m her eyes, but she waa 

" We m««l leave him there," said the I 
man. "Uo will be better attended to 
be could be eltfcwhvfv. I will loak^ 
qiiiries to morrow about him, and 
tidings. TIlc phyBician anys it baa ^ 
iiig on for some time. Uow fortan 
girl, that it was lief»re the marriag*] 
of afi«r: what a frightful kt* y« 
escaped !" 

" Do yoM think so?' aaid AffD««, Mdty. 
miif<t regret it lUwiyat for, if I had beea ' 
wife 1 flhonld have had tlie right to be ' 
hiui ill or well." 

"Vou could ilo him oo good. I d« 
whi'Uier he would know jtm i but you 

Day after day passed Hl<;ra-1y^on witliouti 
change. The acconata of Acbitle wore tb 
cuiitinued dangerous and ungorer 

hi4 waa one of the worst caaei Iq 

Mm. Tremordyn lay belplaaa and 
htsii, Tl>e guests who had aaaeal 
tlu) tll-onicne«l wedding, had d< 
their ditlerenl aUHlea; most < i 
cuniu up from distant parts of tho _ 
the 4)Oca*iim ; none of the«i reaided ] 
ooutly in Paris, The old kinsman ._„ 
dinined until Madame -Treuiordyn^ 
declared itself one way or other. 

One night, about a foi ' r 

seizure, Madamu TreiuoiHl'- 
apeech lo far as to be uiulli^tble 
apoJM lucidly to Agnea, irbo waa 
Inside her. and }k%u\ to give 1l— 
directions about her alfairs ; but ber I 
waa t(X» much w^Jikened. Sba 
her for all her attention and , 
bade her be the gtjod angel of 
and, while speaking, a stupor beounibed I 
and she nerer awoke from it. 

Ttie kinsman assumed the direction 
aflairs. took possession of her elfr. is l.mli 
up her esuhlisbmcntt made A^i< 
nnd tt handsome speech, and eii 
sidered her cunnectioQ with the (an 
end. Agnee went back to the lUyi 
consider what she would do. 

The firat thing needful, waa to 
her strength. .She full bitterly tbctcvenll. 
of the tie l>etvcen herand the reetofAchdIl 
family. They had made up their minda lb 
lie was never to get better; but. to hef, tl 
idt.'a of leaving hiiu to his iato waa un> pab 
lul lo runtemplate. Aa soon aa she luul i 
ticiently recovered she aakrd M. E 
to lake her to tho Uicetre. There 
an interview with the head pkysicis 
•aid that AchiUe'a ease. If not bupvl 
be of lung duration. Agnea entreat 


jB(r It, im. 45 

lltAM^ >"»•" — "frourae she wm reftts- 
her V was not lo be put 

vM cmduclvd to hi* 
eived hor calmly, km] tjLv^Ured 
: would coui«^ uid that, he had 
_; her aincu the day Ijufuro. He 
' rsttooal aod qoIIpcuh), and on- 
' to lake him away as It drove him 
than. Tl)« phT^aii'ian apnlce, but 
Id not he»d tiiiu. He kepi his oye« 
liAstnca, with a |(M>k of touching en- 
f Agtwe luoked wiKtAillr at tho pbyni- 
I aaid to AchiUo, " It depcndit entire- 
t\f. ¥ou aliall go the iiunninit 
vr tt poHlblo fur us lo send, yon 

rb Us hftml tn hi* forehpad. a« 
roaring to t*Mow out an idoa. 
.be said, ^I andenund. I vill 

|vofT kUaed A^es*(t hnnd, nnd attend- 
t^6 dfior uf ih« cvtl, aa though it 
I ft drawuiK^ronni. 

hare woiidt-rful power over that 
Uademoifiullu." toid the phvsiclan. 
I occuKiomed to mad persons ? " 
; (book bcr head. 

Dugfa ho luuks eo quiet now, I would 
f\v(l ainne with him for a thousand 
\p Mid he, 

ftn ih.,> r;.|Ah<mi«, Ague* never fipoke ; 

% plan in her mind. Shu 

is tit ppocuro her some 

rh#_y entreated her 

' as Their dani^htiT. 

(lire with thrm ; but »hu steadily re- 

ir !:tii<!nes.9. attd thev wert; obItgi>d to 

irrd her »«nT)epu|)iti, whutu 

i-l in muslo, drawiu":. and 

tit! .■•rill further distPCfised tht- 

witlidrawin^ frum their houfte, 

ir in a moile«t htdpiiti; 

iitti-aded her pu^jils, 

imii'- ■» i.'iteter i\\& authnritii'ff 

|« Tor A'Miillu. from the ttrst day 

• ■ r":'« had eome over him. 

' emed bv superhuman 

uLward manifestations 

ineaB. Hia delupions were as gniTo 

K— VJfiU'timas he was betrayed into 

k and he nerer renounced 

. actions wfre Dane nnd ci>U 

^Uft* were a day beyond her 

r.reetWei and deitponditig. In her 

tta Agnes exercised au almost 

oy— ah© laid by nearly the 

t eaniinjirs — her ciK*ntele increas- 

m'M-o work than site could do. 

eitvil inlereiil wherever it was 

Flter own marinoiA and appen'r- 

' it She received tuany hand 

J antl was in iho receipt of a 

flncmne: still she confined her- 

at Deoeasaries of life. The 

Idoni saw her, and tliejr were 

E iIm took (hem sohlUe into her con- 

A year passed, and Agnes ntade a fonnnl 
demand to here Aehille di^chnr^ed from the 
hospital, and given over to her care. There 
were many difficulties raised, and a great 
deal of opposition. M. Achille Ti-eniordyn 
witA not recovered; ho was liable toadaoger- 
oiM outbreak at any mtnnent; it wn« not a 
lit char^ fur a young woman, and nnich 
besides ; but Agnea w»a gifted with the 
power of bearint; down all opposition. Hhe 
argued and entreated, and tinally prevail- 

Great was the astonishment of Monsieur 
Raymond, tn see her thus accompanied, 
d ri vo up to his door : that of Madame 
Raymond, of course waa not less, hut 
the surprise of both reached it.<> height, 
when A^es gravely, and without any 
embarrassment rcquedted bira to como 
with them to the Maine to see her 
married. Aehille stood by, perfectly calm, 
hut the rmpriKoned madness lurked in his 
eyea. and looked out an un the watch to 
spring forth. He spoke, however, with ^;rare 
and graceful courtesy, and said that M. and 
Madame Raymond must pcrcctre that Agnes 
was bis pood angel who hod procured hia 
detiveranL-e, and thst it was neceeuary she 
should give him the right to remain with her 
and proteet her. lie eotdd not leave her — it 
wa« neoesf^ry to fulHl their old contract. He 
said this in a subdued, measured way ; bnt 
with a supprt>t<««d impatience, as if a very 
little opposition would make him break otit 
into violence. M. Raymond took her ajiart, 
nnd represented everjthiuj^ itmt cuinuiun 
tense and friendship could suggest. Agnes 
was imiiioTahle. Jler solo reply was, " De 
will never pet well there; if ho eonies 
to me 1 will cure him." In the end, M- 
Raymond had to give way as the doctors 
lind done, He and Madnmc Ravtnond went 
with them to the Maine, an<i saw llietu 

They went home with them afterwards. 
A^es had arranced her modest menage with 
clieerfulneRA and g'Hid ta«lB. A wnslble good- 
looking:, middle-aged woman was the only 

*• I have known herloD|f.'* said Agnes, *''ahe 
lived with .Madame Treronrdyn ni Normandic, 
and she knew .\chille as a boy, and i& ijuita 
willing to Khare my task." 

''I beheve ymi arc a ratitmal lunatic, 
Agnc«,"Baid M. Raymond. "'However, ifyod 
fail, you will lyjnw to us at once." 

Thoy remained to paitake of an English 
tea which Agnes had got np. Arhllle {terform- 
ed his psrt, aa hoflt, witli simptu dignity. 
yi. Raymond was almost renissured. Never- 
theleas he led her aside, and said, " My dear 
girl, 1 stand here as ytnir father. Are you 
sure von are nt>l afraid to remain witli this 

"Afraid T oh, no. How can one foel afraid 
of a ijerson wo love?" said she, looking np 
at him with a smilc. And thoiv aVa VmvVXo 


40 iM4 11. uw. 



QUer bur tbanlu for all bia goodnwa lo lier ; 
but bar Toic« choked, asui »be burst into 

''Thoro, tliorOf my child^ do Dot agitata) 
younuir. Yuu know ire tirak un ^ou an our 
daughter — we love you." 

And tears dmpped upon the golden curls o 
he ki«aeJ tht5in. Pour Alodame Ba^mund 
aobbvd audibly, aa abo held Aenea lu her 
aniu. and w ould not let hor go. Achille stood 
by, looklriff on. 

■■ Why ao you weep?" he anked, pcntlyj 
^ are you afmid that I shall hurt your friend 1 
You newl not fear, — ahe is luv one blusung^ 
I will make liergreat— I wUlr' 

Hefloemed to rocoUeclhimseir, and stopped, 
drawlnc; hiin^clfop haughtily. A^nea {jiseQ- 
gagcd herself gently from the euibroce of 
Madame Raymond, and Achille attended 
them courteously to their coach. 

There was a daoserous glare in his eyes 
when he came bacL " Xuw Agnes, those 

Cplc arc gone. Tliey shall uerer <:ouie 
k. If they had stayed a nidincai, longer 
I would hare killed them ! ** 

Afler that eveuing, the Raymonds did 
not see Agnes for many niuutha. Whatever 
vero the secrets of her home, no eye saw 
them; she struggled with her lot alone. She 
aUCDOwl her pupils regularly, and none of 
thttm saw any signs uf weakness or anxiety. 
Her face was stem and fira?c; but her duties 
were punctually fulfdltid, and no pica of tU- 
ncBS or complaint, of anv kind, escaped bur. 
It wns understood thai ber hu.*ibai)ii was au 
invalid, and that she did not go into com- 
pany — that was oU the world Knew of her 

The old Rerranl died, and ber place was 
nerer fillfd up. Agnca went to market and 
managed all her houiichuhl aflairs before she 
went to her pupils. Her husband ws^ seen 
aometirass working in the garden or sittiug — 
if the weather wait warm — in the sunny arbor, 
shaded with climbing plants ; but, he nerer 
led tlie huuee except with his wife. 

At the end of three years, the hope to 
which Agnes had clung with such passiooate 
stead foAtncKR was futHlled. Her husband 
entirely recovered bia reoson; but^ in tliia 
hopo realised there was mixed a great de- 
spair. With recovered sanity came the con- 
sciousness of nil that his wife had done for 
bint, and he hod not breadth of magnunimity 
to accept it. It may be that the habits uf 
rule and gulf- reliance which had been fuix-ed 
upon ber by her position did not exactly suit 
the clouitsed position of things — Muplu must 
brare the defects of their qualities. This 
trial was tlie hardest she had endured; but 
she bid suObring bravely. Uor husband re- 
spected her— honoured her— was always gentle 
aud courteourt — did eTcrytliing except love 
her ; but she loved him, and it is more blessed 
to gire tbaii to receive. It is tlie love we give 
to others, not the love they give lu, that Ulla 
our heart. 

Six years after marriage Achille Tremor^ 
dWd. He expreeaed eloquently and ctci 
tenderly his sense of all b« owed to hta wdit 
and his hif^U c|iinioDcif ber many virluev, aai 
negrettcil ail she had suflered fur him. It va 
not the &ireweU that a woman and a vtfl 
would wish fi*r; but the loved him, aoddu 
not cavil al his words. 

After his death the went to live near th 
Baymonds. She stiU continued to tcadj 
tbcng^ no kinger Itocd netMssity i but, afti 
she bad soraewluit reooTered frooi the blaah 
nesa which had fslleo on her life, aho d«TOM 
herself to finding out friondlesa young girll 
and providing them with hooaea and tin 
means of gaining a liviug. For thi.<* pnrpoi 
she wurk^l, and to it she derotc-d all hi 
earnings : rccoUeating the aunt who 1m 
adopted her when she arrived in I'ana, an 
found herself abandoned. The gi^>od Baj 
monds left her a fortune, with which al 
built a house, and was the mothar in it; n 
many were tlie datiKbters who had oaojs l 
bless lier. She lived to an advanced age, an 
died quitA rttcenlly* 


I wjLL begin next waelc Tam4)e 

solved upon it. Whaterer '■>'■' »« ti 

further delay may olTer them^< i oo 

listen to them. No. If I am n 
guod health, let what will happeu. 1 
made my mind up 1 will b«giu umi uil 
act comedy next week. 

Sucli is my tlxcd detenninatioo. I hHi 
the atoiY uf my comedy all setUud in mj 
mind. I have, and have hod fur some years 
the characters aud iucidenia, even lo ih 
minutest details, clearly arranged ; all that i 
wanting is for me to sit down and. with wfail 
powers of language I possesa, to pti t ni v wtir) 
on paper. I know that I have a re:. 
for it when completed, and ao, mi< - 
am resolved to set to work In earnc&i. aiibx 
next week. 

Why shouldu'l 1 7 For years 1 have hM 
panting afler literary fSune, and have felt son 
my true vocation is dramatic authunhll 
Hero is an opportunity- too long n^tUoMJ 
which, if now seized upon, may (^h' ■ ' ' * --' 
&ay must?) accomplish all iuy 

kuow my oumedy will bo agrtat t- .. j 

have few rivala to contend against now 1M 

original works of standard meni ur> e.o vrfl 

rare. In fact all lends me to be^ 

may, if I choose, at once attain u 

rank amongst living dramatists. ^^ 

I then delay my triumph 7 Why, ,. . 

will begin next week. . 

And now, with every poaaiUe cneoor^ 
oient to do so, with nothing upon earth |i 
dissuade me from it, I hare iu> doubt m 
reader fully believes 1 mean to keep dm 
resolution, And so I do. I pledge my won 

to K few p«Rt 

p quit* > yooth, t «pent two years io 
• up mf mind that I irtraM commence 
« tbe Frcach language — next 
tj Ikto bad ptac«;r| me a» jiniior 


'letonnined as I j wwV with her ; T bid such trateful remitiU- 
1 f^tr will arise. ' eenced of the toffee, hardbake, and the innu- 

merable other nnwhotewme deligbta she uaed 
to treat roe with, to aaj notfaing ot the toya 
with whirh I alvars came bomc loaded, that 
1 fi'lt b'ltin'l in ccmimon gratitnde to show 
bur soinu attention nnw Oiat 1 bad arrived 
at tnftii*8 estate and had diacardefl Albert 
OOttotlog-huuae of a Londuo mer- j rock for Albert neck-ties, tjad dooe with tups 
li»il exlensire deatinps snth snd marges, and confined mv kite-flying to 
■ bOMM. Uerv. by mr industry and the somewhat coetly mode of raising ready 
PMiflbr J* not let anyone stippose by mouer, which goes by that name in tbe City. 
HhMloa I un about to make th«t I Beetifea, I really loved ber for bcr own sake, 
ftcref ttM«enaalitie«), I had become for with all her curinnn whims md fancies 
flmmffee with my employer There ' she was a good, warm-hearted creature, and 
[«TefT wrtainty of ray ultimate pro- ' 1 knevr that a n«it from me would he bailed 
'to « much better position in the ! by the good old tady with delight. I made 
tikiag alone stood Id my way ; it | my mind np I would go and spend a day nith 
i^Bonan of French, and comeqneot her When? Well, next ir«ek. Some few 
Co manage tlte continentAl corre- 1 months back I heard my poor old aunt waa 
!fo vooner did this fart dawn dead. I nercr had accomplished my intended 

trip to Islington, and I found the little pro- 
perty she left behind, even the gold watch 
abe always oaed to say was to be mine, and 
used to let mo hare to play with when a 
baby, had been bequeathed to atraneers. I 
did not care so rery unch about the mere 
pecuniary loss, but It did grieve me to the 
heart to'think she bad conceived that I her 
favoarite nephew had deserted ber ; and 
ceased to care for bcrj which, on my word, 
I never did. I had put off my rUit time after 
time, ever resolving ftnnly that U should 
be paid next week — until at last a week 
came when for my poor old aunt there was 
DO next. 
In almost every circumstance of life next 
that 1 had forgotten* my deiermi- j week has been my rock-ahead. I am fond 
By DO means. But something or of the arts, and yet for six whole years 1 
_ wm faappcncd—nothtog of oonse- lived in London without seeing a single 
b^ k » true, mere trifles pvnerally— exhibition of the Royal Academy pictutw 
iWWIbr ray atiention. Well, it was (by the bye I am told there arc some 
hH KfltkT after all. What cuuld a few capitjil pictures to be seen this year. 1 
jpiHyT I would get these liulo matters ' have not been yet, but am going next 
tmm flr*t. and then I w.wiM begin in | week). Tet every year did I resolve that 

i thuL, vhh tbe prompineu of deter- 
1 ttpOD which I pride myself, f flnnly 
to cnmmeDce taking lessons In 
I voold begin next week. There 
[httrry, to be sure, for there was no 
It* pTMpeet of a change, and T, of 
lid Kit expect advancement till a 
Still, It was only prudent to 
_^ for anrthing that might occur 
lid Dot deUy. t would ^gin next 

WW t more lerfons in making a 
D — not even now about my flve-act 
f — than 1 was then, and yet the next 
M tW next, and many next weeks, 
[m4 T had nut begun my French. It 

Aad so ft month or two ^linpi^d by. 
eoce it stnitk me that I wiu no 
than I was when first I 
""ciiiiiilinn Should I commence 
; } No, no I I Uugbed ai my 
^ such precipitate ha»te. 
rVtrength of mind enough to inist 
klafttioa I Befiiites, the proRpect of 
remote as ever. I would 
4t4veiy and without IJul, befyi 
_ It was nearly two years after 
'th* l«Dg-1ookea for vacaoey did 
Near} aad what made the matter 

iing was the fact that I really 

do still betirve that the following 

I would not run the risk of missing them 
anin ; how was it then that passing through 
IralUgiLr Square, at least three times a wcelt, 
separated ontv by a flight of Etcps, a stone 
wall, and a cl>iDr^ of one shilling, sterling, 
from these gn.aL wurks of ort— h*'vv wm it I 
My that for six successive years I did miss 
seeing them 7 Simply because 1 meant to go 
next week, and I continued meaning to do so, 
until I passed again and found the exhibition 

I am a Londoner by birth, yet have I never 
seen St. PauPs. That is to say, as yet I 
have not seen those portions of it which form 
one of the London sights that country 

g of the London 

ahmaa baT« wi to work visitors get aver ero they have been twenly- 
.^.^nyMJffoc it. four hours In the great metropolis. Its j^ 

fed old aunt of mine resided once near rious outline as viewed from the nver, witn 
iaa. It was a long way from my I its inagnilicenl dome looking like the Impe- 

f^ on the Surrcv aide, it is tme; but i rial crown upon tbo head of London, I nave 
lady had alw.y« l^n so kind to melseen, of couime. And the intenor-«t teaai 


ilady : 



Uif tt, II 

•o much o( it u ii devoted to tb« purpOMi The cbanoofl I hATO lud orirtenry rin|)loy-l 
of vorfhip, t hnve teenuftca. But tlie &how- tnunt upon vanotu ncirBpapui-s, iu«g:n£int«J 
part— tlie whispering gallery, the tione gal- 1 *ad other periadtculs. I will uvi h«ro vimnH-.; 
tcry, the gulden gallery, cluck and bull, pe*>-,r»tc. The reader w.tuM no douhi 

it to vanity wcru I t<> 'to ao. £ 
ulmo«t every chaoc* haa Wen nt;f;U-ciuu .\ 
wilfully, by any means. 1 like the work, indj 
like tl'te pntcveds uf it ton. In faoi, I ' 
boLm oow fur a great k^tigth of tltso 
determined to ruiithbut* refrnlarly to 
publicattonis Rut >la» ! my di:lerm 

. II-IV llMII. 

metrical Blaircasc, lanthom, ball, and to forth. 
I liaw never seen, n<^ir am I likely to see. un- 
til — well, yas, I think (and 1 have thoug^ht 
fur many yeanj, 1 Ml have a lookat them next 

U ii not ao with moat things which we 
think »-e can do at any time— we put them ^ , 

off uncunacioasly, until at last we never do < always has bctn to cjmmenee next 
tlkem. At any rate, such is the catte with uniil too often L have found Uio oppM" 
me. I remeiuber that when the Royal { had paaaed and others filled ihu plaoa 1 
Italian Opera was in itia very height uf its harr< held Uow it is that the pniacnt 
tirat glories at Coveut Garden I had tlie came to bo written now. iastead of boi 
entree for one whole aeasoa. Upon the off to that trrnUe next week of n 
opening night they played aa opera which I cannot aay. IIowQver, here it ia» 
had ee«n so often tnat I did n'^t muoh care i begun, I nave but Utttc diCiculty in 
ab<iut goioR. I would vait t<tr the produc- i cecding; — but oh 1 the Mrufulu tu bctnit I 
tion of lliat gr«ac work, of which I had i Enough of tlies« cui 
heard so much, and which was to be repro- 1 Ehurt-co4uiug« : for the 
Bented for thfi first time in Londgn>)n a night , ra.ike an efi'urt to tumiirtN- :>. 
or two. Then I ijuite resolved lluit nothing there is my ttve-act comedy, I hare 
short of my being laid upon a Ited nf nick- miinlioned ^uuposu I wura to s«t to 
ness should pruvent my going. Well, the j uptm it now, — tliia very day— — 
great work was produced. 1 certainly ahotild ' No : not to duv. But. "fx( uci-V- T r».allri 
like to go; but afturall, (he piece must have 
a good, long run, and there would be plenty 
of other opportunilicn of my hcariiij; iL I 
would go next week. Ni?ed I lay after the 
utterance of these fatal word«. I did nut go 
at ail. Tlie suison lia>l pasHcd away — with 
what mnrvellous rapidity it seemed to liavu 
flown when over ! — and I had never visited 
the fii»erft once. 

And ai that oporm acaaon v^^a to me, so is 
the Beaeon of no end of humun lives, Wlio 
amongst us is not conscious uf this same pro* 
penalty for putting otT until next week things 
that could bo (it muy be that can only be) 
done now 7 ^Vbo lUDon^st ii« (uin Jt»>k back 
up!tn his past axiierience without feeling how 
much more lie ml^ht have done, how much 
more useful he might have bcun, taith to him- 
self and othcra, had he never reckoned on 
n«xt week ? time 1 am roaulved." I will begiiu 2f«SlJ 

I have had monay owing to me which I 
might hitvo received on application, but nut 
beiiig in abaolule and imtuediutc want of it, 
I have dt-Iayed applying for it. Next week 
would be quite time enough fur nie. Months 
afterwards I was in want uf il, and did apply. 
My debtor had two days before been made a 

No ; not to duy. But 
do meau, as I have siiid. 
at iL Next week, ton. l 
early in tlie hiurning, — to kfcp a UUrx 
ntake a puUit of n-alking fonr nitlr^ 
before breukfAst — to put live -" 
ill tliu iJavinga* Itauk (ivhicb, I 
in the Btatisticd column of a peuoy _ 
amount to soincttiing fabuiuiis iu th« 
of year*). Next week, lim, I i. 
a reguhir coiirau uf study in u 
matter what. In which 1 am 
I will say nu more about m: 
lions, lest the reader should ui 
number that I ahall never t 
effect. I will, though, I am di.,^.i..i..4. 

True it is, I have been quite aa 
determined ever i^ince 1 can reiuent 
It i«, too, niy positive detenuinniiona 
have come to nothing. No matter 
time 1 am rosulved. I will begiiu 



MILLER Jb CURTIS. N«. 321 Baoaiwar^ 
i" auT a'lnan-ied man, and father of a fHraily. I **"*''**•'• f"™ •***'"" ****"• '^" »**• ^""^^ 1 

Lucky it ta for me (I «ay it ailvtsedly, the 
sneers and sarcasms of mitogamtst bacbeloi-s 
to the contrary notwithslaading], lucky it is 
for me that lovely wouian has the privilege 
of tlxtng the happy duv. Ilad it been left to 
me, I fear I should have put our wedding 
off until next woek, and lived and died u 


fl b'u., paper, 50 ceoUi. 

l*he same Work, bunUaome Lllirary BcUtlon, 1 
tyjw, 12mo., ototb, $L 
For sale by all dealers. 

Miller & Ooafza, Pabliahera, Office — No. 321 Broadway, New York. 

thnL ran close hefor« the thr^xbolil of llie 

«ittagB floor. If til') hfllrig of Iho TujiOUfa 

lui<:l mnile A[.'i.bel a Pylltouf^ she might 

11"- hnve diflcoverctl, iw rhfi !»ff>(Kl at tin* d<K)r, 

' -9 of Cute in tfa' 'pq conpU'Ui on 

iN>a^). Btit, ' •*anie(l ht^r of 

'■:> ii.c : ii,i.n!,'er tUrcAtfitiiig ii- 1 

TSBg'n, Twylvd ahUUu-^M »-w 

Id liftrtl, will not g» far u.».Hi.i:» tt;.- h.Tijii..Mt. 

; I of a fiithcr, a njolliyr, nii-1 a UijCuI of 

■ 1;mI.. .^iiiMren, Tin. ,--,,1 ..r \v.l.„, „m 

'Ut, and <- I, liA.1 

I till tillQ gi ■ 1. at," 

wa« jntlled iJi:iwii. 'X'uo jraor lAmily . llica 

followo'l f'le w-rtrk to Dttwley lium ; wln-i*** 

1 Wftitetl lui lir*ninn on a 

! -^'t Up hii* liouiiehotd bi ft 

litre of A 

•a>l OQ tllQ 

y and ol m 

.if Lreail-ss 

•-^bla licljiy. In & ueifjiiliuiiriiiir lurm- 
. ut(L* lived (Jrace Atuiilie, u wMow, wlioao 
iiovcn li;ul the ri^ht to grniet? al^iiij; Hit* WMgou 
rtiiul. Tli« {M>Hl uf kt'cplnc; them out <■( tha 

he tecinmng of George Stephen- 
son's career, Ami from it hi? pn«hed foiwHrd 
his fMrtuin* inch hy i'^r-i. npw:m1. Of rn-it^e 
h<> had ccrtRin j - 
may hfiv<» them, 

L ie bis '.•■Aii lui-tmii;, 
. to thtf wi'Allh niid 

BLoft lii I 

:r uf CnuM AUM'li*'* cowg, lb* 
«i*tij$4iiM uu Uu> wouJui UuitiuiUl vturk uf i^ttle GiMrdU Suwio garo Uai 

60 lJ»iy M. mj: 

HorsEnoi.n wonua 

tinip Tor |>Uy. Hi* became an authority on 
knnls' lu-sU, nuxlo whintU-fl uf reuila an<l 
fltruwa ; mni, with T»'m Tholoway hia ch<^«ou 
pluyniale, had especiikl jtleaiiure in tlic Imild- 
iiig or little clay engines with the soil uf 
Dewley Bog : h<.-inlocK atalku being used to 
reftresent stenm-i^iiicH Kiid other Apjiaratiia. 
Any child, whoso fiilher'a wtifk was to at- 
tetKl nn t-n^inu, would lia\*(! [itaj'cd at eii};in?a ; 
but, in the case of Oeoryo St^j-hk-naon, it is, 
neverthfilcM, a yUtv^nc to the fancy to 
dwi^ll on the fact that, as u chit<J, he mntie 
luuil-cn^nes and not miid-piea, when plsiy tut; 
in the dirt. When hia \e^9 were long enungu 
to carry him acroaa the little furrows, IiliIh 
Cieorffl waa piximoted to the ImnineM of 
lejuling homea at ihtf }ilounh,and woatrnsted 
aiflo to hoe turnips and to do other farm- 
work at the advanced v.^i:t.m of two sldlliugs 
a*weclc. But, hia brutbrr Jauifu — two yeara 
hiK senior — waa tlieu earning throe ehillinga 
a'Wfek aa corf-bittt>r or picki'rattlie colliery ; 
tbiit ie to soy, he bcl}ied to pick out of the 
coal, at^titcs, bata and drosa. Upon that neat 
inch of progrcas, little George fixed ht;9 atten- 
tion. Ilaving maiie it jjotMl, he tried fur- 
ward till ho aecured another inch, and 
n-ceived four ahiUiiiga a week as driYer of the 
^iu-home. In tlint cAfiucity he waa einploved 
at the HIack Cillerion Colliery, two miles 
Irotn Dewley Burn, whither he went early of 
Uiomiii^ and whenm he returned late of 
evening*, "a jjrit, b.ire-legj^ed Inddie, very 
quick-witied and fall of fun and tricks." He 
bred rahbita. Uo know all the nests 
between Block Callerton and Dewley ; 
brought home young birds when they were 
old enough ; fed them, and tamed them. Cue 
of his tame blackbirda flew all day in and out 
of and about the cottage, rG<>sting at uij^ht on 
the bedhead ; but she diAnp]Kared during the 
■ummfir monllis, to <Io her proper duty aa a 
bird, duly returning in the winter. 

A» driver of the gin-horse, Gcordie Stcevie 
fixed his eye upon the pottt of aa»i5 taut-fire- 
man to hia father ut the Dewley engine. At 
the early age of fourteen, he got tliat promo- 
tion, and Ilia wages became six ahiUinga a- 
week. Hft waa then ao young that he used 
to hide when the owner of tha colliery canio 
round, lest he should ihiuk bim too small for 

Tne coal nt Dewley Bnru wna workwi 
out ; and the Stephen»ona again moved 
to Jolly's Close, a little row of cottages 
■hat in botween steep bauka. Tlio family 
waa now lielped by the earnings of the 
ehildren ; and, out of the united iuooues of its 
uembera, made thirty't^ve shillings or two 
pounds a^week. But, the boys, as ibey grew 
older, grew hungrier, and the war with 
Kapcileon was then luiaing the price of wheat 
f^-om fifty-four slullinga to one hundred and 
thirty shillings a quarter. It waa still hard 
to live. Oeorge, at Hfleen year» old — a big 
■nd bony boy — ^was promoted to the full 
oJUoe of fireman at a new working, the 7^1 id- 

mill winning, where he had a tot 
nnnied Kill Coe, for fata m:)te. 1>m 
uiill enijine waa a very lin! 
nominal increaae of dignity i^ 
with inciVTiae of wages, tli ''--in 

was to attain rank as aoon 
full workman, and to earn n- 
those hia fntlier hud t twelve - 
He WAS atoady, sober, inde: 
work, ready of wit, and phyoicaily 
It was a great pleasure to iiim to < 
with his associates in lifting heavy wei^ 
throwing the hammer, and putting the «tf 
He once lifted as much as sixty atone. Mid 
iniJl pit being oloaed, George and hia fine 
Coe were sent to work another putupi 
engine, fixed near Throehley I'.ridge. ^*iifl 
there, his work was ailjud;^ed worthy^ 
mau''ti hire. One Saturday evening, thi 
nifiu paid him twelve ahillnigH f>ir a ' 
. work, and told him that he wop. 
date, odvanceil. WTien be came < 
\ his fellow- workmen Lis good fort»iir, anA 
declared in triumph ; ** Now 1 axa a 
man for life." 

He had reached inch by iccb the aati 
object of a bov's ambition ; — to be man t 
to do what he has seen done by bia 
But he was man enough for more < ' 
By natural ability joined to nu 
industry he atUl won his way elowl^ 
and, at the age of serentei'n, workt>I in : 
new pit at the aaiue engine with hln fatiirri 
the son taking the higher place as esfiae 
man, and Old Bob being still a firemu v} 
he had been from the first. 

It waa tlie duty of the oncliM»-m»n lo 
watch the engine, tif curre^-t 
of hitchea in its working, an< 
was wrong tliat he couhfnot j 
word to the chief engineer, i 
eon fall in love with his ■ 
ncTei*tired of watching iU I 
when his companioaa went :.. 
be took his maohine to pieces, ele 
part of it, and put it together ni;aiA. 
ne not only kept it in adu 
order, bub became intimately 
all its parts and knew their usu. Xlc i 
credit for devotion to his work, and | 
waa devoted to it ; at Uh' 
acquired a kind of knowlt 
help him to get on inch highei m mei 

But, there was another kind of kno 
necessary. At the age of ,.i'i. '-<-•> tu 
not read ; he could not wric> 
father had been too poor to r* . _ 
ing to the children. He was t' 
his friend Coe to teach him the t 
brakcing, that he might, when opt 
occurred, advauce to the post uf 
man — next above that which he heW 
became curious also to know defl 
something about the famous engin«a| 
were in those days planne<) by W» 
Bulloo. The deaire for knowledge tang 
the ncceaaily of learning to read booka. 


paayiiLWr.) £1 

br»Te roun^ man reeolvod tlier<;fore 
tiia letun and ni»ke pot-buoks 
j;ht-«cbool amoog a few colliers* sons 
pid Uirtwfi«fic« ft-week vacIi to a }»Mr 
At the age of iiii»«»- 
!<- - his aani«. A nigbt- 

»cb >i^> iiy a Scotcbinnn n-tltiin a 
walk of Jollv't Chise: Mid tu 
St«ph«nvii) reinurod hiuaelf. 
jtman liad much credit for liia 
arithmetic. He knew as fariut 
G«or^ fiuiteueti U)xiq arithmetic 
3al zeal, aii<l was more apt than 
upil for the BtuJjr. In no very 
^e bad workeJ out all that cuuM 
I to him tiy tliu dominie. While 
the jrounii; mnn was getting 
I hi* fri«Qd Oje iu brakf ing ; anJ, 
helfN persisiing in them against 
sitioD from some of the oU hanJ^. 
im^n tif iwciit;, being perfectly sl«a<.ly 
ijiroKhy &3 a workman, he ohtainml 
[^tt brukcsiuan at the Dolly Fit, 
oa ; with wage^ raryiog from 
and ttxiieiice to a jKinud a-week. 
btiMt Iheti coat nearly aLx |>ouul1« the 

was antbittona to save a guinea or 
r he was in luve with aotiielhiug 
I abl« to rolurn \m gixid-will than a 
ginew In leisure lioiira he turned 
Uanieal dexterity to the V>usint>sd of 
pg the ■boea of his fellow-wurk- 
aiirmiced from mtfiiJing lo Llie 
Ji it( nhUhsA atnl biMt^ This addi- 
Ld^y tvtUve hotu^' lalHttir at tlio 
de «ome littlt: addition to hi« 
^ It eiuibleil him to save hid 
^•nd enc-iura^t'd bun tu thtuk the 
iiiiy Henderson, a pretty 
iiin^ farm-house; uwctft- 
aiL'lt^ Aiid good. He once bad 
to mf-U't, andt (^ he' carried 
er one Sunday evening with a 
|uUl not ht;lp pulliij^r tlit;m out of 
^nurjr oow aud then to ailmire them 
'^lUMiaad to bid hid com- 
I iriut « capital job he had 

. on sUlt enjoyed exercise 

' and strength ; atiU cpent a 

ille afttTiioon on tlie fMy 

Jciug hiit engine to plccca; 

, pouderiti;; over the use* and 

'parta. He waa a model work- 

I eye* of his eni[>Ioyers; never 

^y • w^^ through idli.-ne« or 

i; apttading noue of hid evenings 

I, avoiding the dog-fij^hu 

and man lighUi in which 

Once, indeeii, being iu- 

ied Ncbon. the bully of the pit, 
pLexisou diid^iiicd t^■ qnriil before 
he was a k;i r, and a 

whom it was . .ijinijer- 

„.eL Nelfou cliaU'.-!i|''j.l him to 
baUU, and the chiilltnge w«a 

acceptod. Ererybody eaid Stfplienaou wtiuld 
be killed. The youog meu and K-ya cam* 
round him with awe, to aak whether it woa 
true that he waa "goin' to feight Nelson." 
" Aye," he a.iid, " never fear for me, I'll feighl 
hira." Nelson went off work to go into 
training. Stephiruson workoil on as usual ; 
ui^iLt frniri a day's Inlwur to the field of 
buttle and on the appointed evening, and, 
with hia strong mu«cle and hard bone put 
down the bully, as he never for a moment 
doubted tlukt be would. 

As a brake^mao, George Stepheason 
had been removed to Williugton Ballaat 
Qu.iy, when, at the age of twenty-one he 
eii,'ned hid name iu lite register of Ncwbum 
CiiLU'ch aa the hiuband of Fanny Ueodenon ; 
.ind, seating her behind him on a pillion 
u|>ott a 8U.>iit farm-horse Ivorrowed troiu her 
aiAler'a laaaltr, with the sit^ter as brido4Uiaid 
and a frieinl as bridtsnian, he went ^niil to 
his fatbtfr and mother — who were growing 
old, and struggling against poverty in Jolly's 
Clo«c— aniL having paid bis duty aa a son to 
them, joltf<l acroas country, an<f throngU the 
Btreets of Newcastle, upon a ride homeward 
of lideen miles. An upper room iu a small 
cottage at Wellington <juay waa the home to 
which George look his bride. Thirteen 
months afterwards, his only aon, Robert, wraa 
born there. The exercise of his mechanical 
skill, prompted sometimes by huld bnccula- 
tiousofhiaown,amuftod tJie young hu6[>and— 
and the wife doubllea:i^-of an uveuiu^. 
He waa at work on the pruldem of Perpetual 
Motion. lie hail acquired reputation as a 
ahoemaker. Accident gave nae to a yet 
morv pn>lilable exereisa of ingenuity. Alarm 
of a cbimuer on fire caused his room to be 
one day fluoiied with soot and water by good- 
uaturtnl fnenda. His moat valuable pieca of 
furniture, the dock, waa aerioualy lujureil. 
lie could not afford to aend it to a clock- 
maker, and resolved to try his own hand 
on the worki ; took them to piece*, stuiUed 
them, and so put them together aa to onre 
hia clock iu a way marvellous to all the 
village. He was aoon asked to core a neigh- 
bour's clock, and gradually made his title 
good to great fame as a clock-carer through- 
out the district. 

After having lived three yean as brako- 
mau at WilUnetou Quay, George Stephenson 
removed to Kill in;: worth, where he waa made 
brakeaman at the West Moor Colliery. From 
the high groundofKiUuig worth, the spire* of 
Newcastle, seven mdes distant, are visible- 
weather and smoke |rennitting. At Jvilling- 
worth, when they bad been but two or three 
yiran married. George Stephenson's wife, 
Fanny, died. Soon after her death, leaving 
hid little boy in charge of a neighbour, he 
marched on fo<jt into Scotland ; for, IrO hod 
been Lnv-ited by the ownera of a colliery near 
Montrose to auofrintend the working of one 
of Bolton and Watt's engines. For ibis work 
be rooeived rather high wages ; and, after 


63 tJ*ir i>.t*;l 





year's abn^iice, be marched Ixiclc >giun, on 
ft»o^ to KillingTToi'tli, with tweiiiy-cight 
potmlH ID his pockcL During hia absence a 
nad occiflent hfid happened to hU fiitber. 
The BlBam-bloflt hftd ueen inndvertrntly let 
in upOD hiiii wheu he «';is instilu an eu.:;ii)P. 
It struck bim in the itice, »»<1 Itlinded him 
for the rcnuunder of his life. George cominp: 
home ii-oin Scoilnnd, piud the old uan's 
debtts removed hia parents to a comfortablo 
cottage near his own place of work atKlU 
lingwortb — for he was again taken on aa 
brakesman At the Vftat Moor I'it— and 
vurked for them during the remainder of 
their Uvea. At this lime there wns dia- 
lr«as and riot anion^' iahouiKP*. Cleorgo 
was drawn for the uiililin, and spent the 
remainder of hia Baviuga on the payment of 
a Bulwtilut«. Ho was 90 much disabled in 
fiirluoe that he thought of emigrating to 
America, us one of hia sislem was then doing 
in coiHjwny with her huabund, but — happily 
for his own country — ho coald not rai*« 
money enough to take him out of it. To a 
friend he aUerwnrds SAid of hU sorrow at 
this time, "Yoa know the road from my 
bouse at the West Moor to KtUingworth. I 

as well 08 Crowther of the On 

they were cleon bet." The fhn 

lo no porpose for nearly tw-Uv mon 

Stephenson hftd obaen-ed, when he «n« 

built, that if there wa« much watmr 

iiiino, that engine wouldn't keep it iim 

to the opinion of a,,rA l.i .V 

heed hft<l been p^id. i I 

aa to ** Imw alie was ,. 

answer alwAjs waa, tiiat the men were 

drowned out OneSi»turday aflemoou,0 

went to the Hi£[h Pit, and mwU a di 

exaininAtion of the whole machine. 

Hcppul, sinker at the pit, said to Uim « 

he had done, 

" Weel, George, what do yon mak* 0* hi 
Do you think you could do anylking to 
prove her t " 

"Alan," aaid George, "I could aUer 
and make her draw. In a week's time fr 
this I could send you to the botbjQi." 

The eonvcrsalton was reported to lU 
Dods, the head viewer. Georgo was kna 
to be an ingenious and dt'ieriutned fello 
and.aa Dods said. "theeii^inoi<rsh?reabuut» 
all bet.'* The brakesiuan. therefore, 
once allowed to try his sk'U: ^■■■ 

remcmlier, when I went along that rv>ad, 1 1 make miitters worse than they 

wept bitterly, fur I knew not where my lot 
would l»e cast." 

it WAS a slight adranee in independence, 
although no advance in fortune^ when Ste- 
pheiiHoii, at the aj;;e of twenty-aeven, joined 
two othtr brakesmen in tiikiug & small 
contract under the lessees for br/ikeing the 
enijtnes at the Weat Moor pit. The profits 
dill nut always bring him in a ponnd a-week, 
Ilts Utile son, Ifobert, was growing up, and 
be was bent firmly on giving him what he 
himself had lacked: the utmost attAiriable 
benefit of educatiou in his boyhoo*L There- 
fore George spent hia iiiglita in mending 
otocka and watches for his neighbours, 
mended and made siioes, rut ont lasts, even 
out out the pitmen's clothes for their wives 
to make up, and worked at their embroidery. 
He turnea every spuie minute to account, 
and so wrung, from a stubborn fortuiie, power 
to give tiie first rudiments of education to 
hia son. 

At last there came a day when all the 
cleaning and dissecting of his engines tamed 
to jfrofit, and the cluck -doctor won the more 
important character of engine-doctor. He 
bad on various occasions suggested to the 
owners small contrirauees which had saved 
wear and tear of material, or otherwise im- 
proved the working of his pit. AVhen he 
was twentv-niue years old, a new pit was 
sunk at Ktlliugwurth — now knuwn aa the 
Killingworth High Pit — over which a New* 
comen engine was fixed for the purpose of 
pumping water from the shaft. For some 
reason the engine failed ; as one of the work- 
it tells the case, " she 

might mend them. He was svt 
once, picked bis own men to carry out 
altemtions he thought necessarv i,«" 
wh(.>le engine to pieces, re'-onsti 
re-iUy did, in a week's lime i*' 
with HepiwI, clear the pit of water. 
achievement brought him fame -•« tpin 
curcr. l>o«ls made him a prf 
pounds, and he was apiwinte<r f " 
goml wages at tim pit he h,i ' 
the work of sinking Wna c<>i 
lastc«l about ayi'nr. Thus,at iin 
Stephenson bad begun to tind I. 
the Ixirders of the engineer'- r- 
all the wheezy engines in ' 

he was called in aa a pr 

The reguiarmen callefl him a quack 
quack perfectly uudentlood the 001 
of an engine, and worked niiraclt^t 
log. One day, as ho passed a dmwned 
on his way from work, at which a 
mill worked an inellicient pitmp, he told 
men, ** he would set up fur them 
no bigger than a kail-pot, that w 
them out io a week." Ajid he l\ili 

A year after bis triumnl- -■•» Mn? 1 
Fit, the eiigiue-wright at - ill 

killed by an aocideut,and •_: :iiiei 

on Mi-, bods' recommendation, was immU 
to his place by the leaaees. He was app«h 
engino-wright to the colliery at » siJai: 
one hundreil [Kiumls n-year. 

At this time of his lifn, Stt-pbensoc 
associating with John ^Vitjhitm, a farm 
sou, who undt-rstood the rule of three. 
had acquired some little knowledge of 

men engaged on it tells the case, 

couldn't keep her jack -head in water ; all the I mlatry and natural philosophy, a&d 

engine-men m the ueighbourhood were tried,! possessed a volume of Ferguson a Leetui 

tSea With Jolm Wipliam, SleplieDeon 
Biai^T le^Uure bonrw in Btuiiv mid ex- 
. Tig all John cnultl lencli, fuid 
t n ht'Ae out of Uin owu 
1" result of Jolin's 
m. At ihe ajn of 

lilt'. ■■ ' ' ■ - ,- : 

I son I 

fatber httd 'built with liia owu hund 
i8 and an oveti, in adtlition to the 
ADil a i^arret up a itle}vlaililor Ihnt 
taken for hta buiue at KjIHik' worth, 
rv little garden, ia which he dcvofed 
-■V to the growth of monster 
b i^irs. Jn the g^rtleD wan a 

4cn.i ^c-j.iecron' of his own invention. 
rlen door mtu fiistcncd by a lock of 
;nvaiic?, that uotie but hirnsclf could 
The ItousQ WAJ) A ciiritisity<sbop of 
and inechnniml ideas, lie Amii8E>d 
wiUi a Intup tliatwouM burn uutlsr 
k\t t.-'ii >I lui abroni tu the watchmen's 
':d wunit^ii how to make a 
he babv's cradle, lie was 
^ life. fCit Heppel one day 
to leap from llie top of one 
lu ihe top of another, there bela^ 
gap Iwlwevu ; to bis disuay he was 
it hia word instantiy. Stephenson 
tlio eleven feet at a bound, exactly 

■ 'phenson bad opporta* 

i.irther his study of the 

i of turning to account the 
'ready [H.>saesdL-d. Ilia itige- 
i a ri'ductiun of tbo number 

■ ed iu the collierv from a 
□ or sixteen ; and he bad 

. the mine at KUIingwortb, 
H belonging lo Lonl lUvcns- 
rtucra, a firm tlial hwl been 
d Allies. The lucuiuotive 
known to the wurld as a 
.>ud cuf^tly. SleplieDDOD had 

■ haC might bo done with it, 
„ L iig to make it the subject of 

fbta. Fruin the education of his buu 
e was DOW deriving knowletli;e fur 
. Tbc father entered him as a member 
fevcaHtle Litcraiy and Philwophical 
ioD, and toiled with hiui over books 
loe Itorrowed from its librury. Me- 
I pUns he read at ligbt, never re- 
to refer to the dettcriptiou ; " a good 
V- . ...| "(should always explain 
>r iha aecretanes of ihe 
'ution watched with lirely 
a<Ites of Ijoth father and 
them freely to the use of 
lumentM, while he as^.atcil 
^ with his couiiaeLi. Georj^e 
un wa3 tbirty-lwo yt-ai-s old, and 
little he may by that time have 
i, one sees that h« had acouniu- 
liinuejf a store of power tliat would 

inevitably carry him on — upon his owii plan 
of inch by inch advance — to new succeiwea. 
Various experiments had been made with the 
new locomotive engines. One had been tried 
upon 'the Wylam Iram-road, which went 
by the cottage ia which Stephenson was 
bom. George Stephennou brooded upon the 
subject, watched their failures, worked at the 
tlieory of their construction, and ma^le it bis 
business to see one. He felt hia way t(> the 
uiauu facturu of a better engine, and procee'Ied 
to bring the subject uutwr lliu notice of the 
lessees of the colliery. He had ac«pnred 
reputation not only as an ingenious but as a 
sate and prudent maiu He had instituted 
already many improvcmcQta in the collieries. 
Lord KaveiiRworth, the principal partner, 
therefore nuthoritfed him lo fulDl his wish ; 
and with the greatest ditfiunlty making 
workmen of some of the colliery hands, aJia, 
having the colliery blacksmith for his head 
assistant, he built his tinsl locomntive in the 
workshops at Weatmoor, and called it " My 
Lord." It was the tint eugiiio constructed 
with BUJooth wheels ; for Stephenson never 
admitted the prevaUiug notion that con- 
trivancos wore necessary to secure adhe- 
sion. " My Lord *' was called " Blutcher " by 
the iieople round about. It waa first placed 
on the KitUngworth Railway on the tweuty- 
Sfth of July, eighteen hundred and fourteen, 
and, though n cnmbroiis machine, was the 
most KucceHsful that had, up to that dale, 
been constructed. 

.At the end of a year it was found that ihe 
work doua by Blutcher cost about as much 
as the same work would have cost if done by 
horBes. Then it occurred to Stephenson to 
turn the steam-pipe into the chimney, and 
carry tlie smoke up witli the draught of a 
ateam-blost. That would add to the intensity 
of the lire and lo the n^adity with which 
steam could be generated. The power of the 
engine was, by thia expedient, doubled. 

At about the aame time some frightful 
accidents, caused by cxplosipu in the piU of 
his district, set Stephenson to exercuse his 
ingenaity fur the disoovery of a miner's safety 
lamp. By a mechanical theory uf his own, 
tettled by experiments made boldly at the peril 
of his life, he arrived at the construction of a 
lautp less simple, though perhaps safer, than 
that of Sir Humphry lJavy,and with thesame 
method of defence. The practical man and 
the philMopher worked independently in the 
same on the same problem. Stephen- 
sun's solution waa arrived at a few weeks 
earlier thim Davy's, and npon this fact a great 
controverHy aderwards was founded. One 
material result of it was, that Stephenson 
eveiituully received as public teatimontal a 
thuu^nd pounds, which he used later in life 
as capital for the founding at Newcsstle of 
hia famous locomotive factory. At the Kil- 
lin;;worth pits the ** Geordy " safety lamp is 
stiO in use, being there, of coarae, oonsidercd 
to be betUr than the UaTy. 


04 tJtirM,M7j 



Locomotivci biid been naed only on the 
tnuu-rotub of llie collitrrit*, anil by the limy 
wlif-n Sti^]>hettH)ii built hisnecoiul Migioo were 
gciierUly ubaiiduneil oa failures. &lepliei3$on 
alotio stayed in the fiidd nu<l ditt not care who 
Aftid that 1 hero would heat Killiiij;warth "« 
terrible blavr-up some day." lie Lnd already 
luiide up bifl luiod tlmt the |ier[ectiiin of a 
travidliiig enpiie would be hiilf Icet if it did 
not run on a perfected rail. Engine and rail 
he gnoke of, even then, na *'maii and wife,*' 
and hiH eontrivancea for the improvement of 
the locooiotivo always went hand in hand 
with hin coutrivancea for the improvement of 
the road on which it ran. Wo nec<l not 
follow th« mechanical detail*. In hid work 
at the rail and enoiuo he luade piY>;;rc8a in 
hie owu way, inch by inch ; every new loco- 
motive built by him contained impn>vGnienta 
on its prcdeceaaor ; every lime lie laid down 
a frfsh rail ho added eome new cUn^ent of 
«tri-n;:,'th juid fimiiieai to it The Killing- 
worth Colliery Railway was Ibo need from 
which sprang the whole European — and now 
uioro than European — syitcm of railway 
intercourse. While eyatems and theorica 
r<i«e and fell round about, Otorge Stephen- 
sou kept his little Hue in working order, 
made it pay, and alowly advanced in the im- 

rvement of the rniU and engines used U|>on 
Wlien it bad been five years at work, the 
owner* of the Ilettun Colliery^ in the county 
of r>arhatn, invited St*-pheti8on to act as 
«nt(iiiecr for tht-m in laying down an equally 
eJBcient and much longer Uue. Ita length 
-wod to be ei(,'ht niil««, ami it would croaa one 
of thehi^lwBt hiUiiiu the district: Stepheuson 
put hid locomotive on the level ground, 
worked the inclinca with stationary engines, 
fibowed how full waggona dcseeuding an 
incline might be used as & power for the 
drawing up of empty ones, and in three years 
complekd anccessfully a moat iutureHtiiig and 
stuvel aeries of worka. 

In those days there was talk of railroads to 
bo worked by %or»e-power, or any better 
pi>wer, if boLtor there were ; but at any riUe 
level roads laid down with rails for the 
facility of traffic, were projected between 
Stoiikton and IlorlingUju, between Liverpool 
and Mnnohcsier, and between olhor places. 

llio Killingworth Railway waa seven years 
old, the Hetton line then being in course of 
constmctioa ; and George Stephenaon was 
forty years old when "one day/* writes Mr. 
Smiles, " about the end of tho year eighteen 
hundred and twenty -one, two alrangew 
knocked at the <l(.or of Mr. Pease's house 
in D:irIington '* (Mr. FeuMO was the he.a»i 
promoter of tho railway between liarlingtnu 
and Stock ton), " and the message waa brought 
to him that »ome persona from Killingworth 
wanted to speak with him. They were in- 
vited in ; on which nne of the visitors iutri»- 
duced himself as Nicholas Wood, viewer at 
Killingworth ; and then, tnroing to his com- 
panion, he introduced him as George Stephen* 

son of the same place." Gfi -o a 

letter of introductiiin from t. rat 

Killingwortli, und c.-ime aa a peiai>u wiio had 
had experience In the Inyiog out of niiIwu\-«, 
to otler Lis services. He had walked Iv 
Darlington, with here and tb*>re a lift qjwfi 
a coach, to ere whether be could not get for 
his locomotive a fair tri;t1, and for liimsrifa 
Ktep of adviinoemeot in life, upon Mr. Peaiie'i 
line. Ue tuld his ^inh in the strong North- 
uniYman dialect of his district ; as for him- 
nelf, he said, he waa "only the engiue-wright 
at Killingworth, that's wbAt ho waa." 

>[r. Feasc liked hiro, told him hiapUo^j 
wliich were all found«;d on the use uf noras*-] 
power, he being aatisfied "that a hors« apoit: 
an iron n>ad would draw ten tons for one on 
a common road, and that before biug th« 
railway would become the King's Hit-hway.* 
Stephenson lx)ldly declared that hia locooM- 
tive waa worth fifty honsea, and that mi 
engines would in coutbq of time su 
all horse-jwwer npon railroads. ^' CViioO 
over," he anil!, "to Killingworth, and bW 
what my Ulutchcrcan do; seeing is belii^vlng, 
sir." Mr. I'ease went, saw, and b&lleved. 
Stephenson was appointed engineer to Um 
Company, at a aaUry of three h(indri«d «• 
year. The Darlington line was const motwl 
in accordance with bis survey. Ui« trat-el- 
ling engine r&u upon it for thn fintt tiiitt' oa 
the twenty- seventh of SeptemWr, figlitc*a 
hundred and twenty-five, in sight of an im- 
uiensti concourse of people, anil att-uined, in 
some parts of its coume, a speed — then unex- 
ampled~of twelve nnles an hour. When 
Stephenson afterwards became a (amoos 
he forgot none of his old friemla. He 
even i>oor ooltagers who had done a 
kindnraa to him. Mr. Pease wilt transmit to^ 
his descendoota a gold watch^ Insciilied— 
"Esteem and gi'atitude-. f>om George SC»- 
phenaon to K<lwaH Pease." 

It was whilo the Stockton m ' T " x\aa 
line was in progress that Ge<>- -.^aoa 

proposed eslablUhing a loconi'uvt.- i i. lory, 
and training a body of luechunicfl skilird to 
ibe new «ork,at Newcastle. Ti>.' fi. ......ut 

pounds given to him by tho 
his invontion of the safetyl: ,. i 
advance. Afr. Pease ana anolntr inewi 
ailvauced five hundred each, anil ~o the 
Newcastle Engine Factory was fou- 

With what determined persevt.-. 
Stephenson upheld the cause of Utu I '^'--uui^ 
tive in connection with the proposed Liver- 
pool and Manchester Xiue : how he didl 
cheaply wliat all tho regular ongineti-^ d«- 

clarerl imi>o8sible or ruinous, in * 

that line over Cbat-Moes, pemevet 
all who were about him had com. . ., 
sfiair, and because he hod mode go(»t his 
boldest promises in every one caao : how he J 
was at lost trusted in the faco of publ 
ndicule, upon the merits of the looomuli 
also: how aft^r the lino was built, at '^bo] 
public competition of lightengines cnut^Lructed 


[J«lr n, utf.i 6S 

irduce vrith certAtn strict condiliona, 

Uo Bookci won the prize : how the 

vtit of his utmost ajtstrttonii rniseil 

■n»oa to the troaitioii of an ornclt) in 

of the nublie : bow be DeTcrthcU'tu 

improving ihe con^tructioQ of both 

id locotiiolive^ : how the great railway 

, uf which th« foiiiidaliouH vneux \nvi 

:ly by him, waa rujiiilly dovelnpetl: 

Uvn •iicct-Bi bo£ot n mnaia, he was as 

for his oetartniiK-'d modemlioo 

fore been fur hiii determineH zti;tl : 

iiied huuour and fortune ; and 

friMii l»ul.>lic life, iignin Uj grow ciior- 

tftniits or vegctublea iu hia j^a^d«u — 

Ice ioatrnd of loeVn — A^aln to pet 

and wnlch the birilu' neals in the 

we need not tell in detail ; &lr. 

excellent bifigraphy telU it alL 

of the cbiuf plniiHiires of hU latter dnys 

lv>UI out a bvliii:ig band to i>oor iu- 

who deserred assistance. lie was a 

n to the laat, whom failure never drove 

ir ; whom euccvss never elated to 

lui^ by inch he niada his ground 

the worldj and for the world. A 

fore hia death in eighteen hundred 

j-.'l.t M,rn.>lK)d\% ab«>ut to dedii-ate 

•i btni what were biit 

. " Hia reply was, ** I 

io that I have do nourishes to 

itber before or aA«r ; and I think 

wcU if yoa merely lay, George 


Ptyfuc DccLos was a French 

aphies and novels, who lived 

during the fintl half of the 

Kitury. lie {iroapered sctiiciently 

man, to be nude secretary 

codeciy, and to be nUoncl 

oitaire in tlie ollice of historio- 

Frmnee. He has left behind litui, 

'country, tin; reputation of a lively 

i aecond class, who addressed the 

day with fair siieoeas, luid who^ 

.th, liaa not truLi))lcd posterity to 

.rticular notice of him. 

[tiie jMperti left by Dach>3, two 

were found, which he piubably 

to turn to Bome lilerary account. 

X wuB a britif Memoir, written by 

of ft Frenchwoman, named Mnde- 

Gauticr, who began life nA an oclrexs 

~ ,ed it as a Ciiruiellle uun. The 

u«4.'ript WHA the lady's own account 

of bcr convornion, and of the 

which attended her tuorol 

the Hi)\i» of a ainucr to the state 

l&Dt. TlnTC are ccrt-ain national prft^n- 

the character of Mademoiselle 

in the nanative of her conver- 

put'bMpa iutcreHtiug enough 

wiib some cUailoe uf pleiuiiug 

prtseut day. 

It appeani, from the lux'otiut given of her 
by Duclus, that Madeinoiaelle tiauiier made 
lier apjicurancc on the stage of the 'nic/Urc 
Fran^'Ui lu the year seventeen hundred and 
eixteeu. ^^ho is tt^'Kcriljetl rut a handHfuue 
woman, with n Hne tigore, a fresh complexion, 
a lively diaposilion, and a violent temper. 
Be«i<le« poiwwesing eatMicity as an actress, hhe 
Could write very gorni Tersex, she clever 
at painlini^ in miniature, and, moat remnrtC" 
al'le cjiiidity of all, she was poenoatied of 
protliyious luuaculur strength. It is reordeJ 
ot Maduriioiaelle, that she could roll up a 
silver plate with her hands^ and that she 
covered hcfMelf with disiiuction iu a trial of 
Fitren^'tli with nn leas a person than the 
fuuiontt soldier, Marshal Sai,e. 

Nobody who IK Kt all ncquninted with the 
social history of the eighteenth century in 
France, need be told that .Mndemoij>telle tiau- 
tier had a loug list of lovers, — for tho nio&t 
part, persons of quality, marshals, counts, 
and so forth. The only man, however, who 
rejdiy attached her to bim, was an actor at 
theThulltre Francis, a (littious plaver in hia 
day, named Quinault Dufresne, Mademoi- 
selle Gautier seems to have h.ive<I hint with 
nil the ardour of her uaturnlly paasionate 
distpositiou. At finit, he relumed her affec- 
tion ; but, aa soon as she veutui-ed to test 
the sincerity of his attachment by ajMfakiu^ 
of marriage, he cooled towariis her imme- 
diately, and the connection between them 
waa broken off. Iu all her former lovc-atfairs, 
she bad been noted for the hi^h tooo whicli 
she adopted towards her admtrera, and for 
the des|K)ti9HUthnrily which she exerctsed 
over them even in her gayest moments. But 
the severance of her connection with Quinault 
Dufresne wuuuded her to her heart. She 
had loved the man bo dearly, had made ao 
mnnv saciiticca for him, had counted ao fondly 
on ike devotion of her whole future life to 
him, that the first discovery of his cuhliiesa 
towards her broke her spirit at once oitd fur 
ever. She fell into a condition of hopr^less 
melancholy, looked hack with remorse and 
horror at her {>a«t lil'e, and abandoned the 
stage and the society tn which she bad Uv-.-aI, 
to end her days repentantly in the ehuructcr 
of a Carmelite nun. 

So far, her history ia the history of 
hundred)! of other women before her time 
and after it The prominent interiMt of her 
life, for the student of human nature, lies in 
the story of her conversion, as tohl by her- 
self. The greater part of the norrativo — 
every page of which is more or less charac- 
teristic of the Frenchwoman of the eighteenth 
century — m;iy be given, with c«;rtain suppres- 
sions and abtidgnientA, in her own wonia. 
Tho rea/ler will observe, at the outset, oue 
curiouu fact. Mademoiselle Gautier docs not 
80 much na hint at the iiiOoence which the 
loss of her lover had iiidiMpcsing her mind to 
reflect on serious aubjecUi. She describes 
her conversion aa if it hod taken ita riae Uk % 





bH lu\f ia,mu 



fludilen iiispiralifin from Heaven. Even the .aueh an extunt Ibnt I wna trou 




Dfltue of QuiiiKult ]>iifresni; is not imc« meti- 
tioned from one end of her narrative to lli« 

On the tweniy-fiflh of April, Kventeeo 
hti I ' ! twciitj-tvro (writea Madecndi- 
He ■, whilu I vrtui Btil) lenilinj; ft I'lfu 

of I'M- 1 M,i 1 — in*c(ir>!iii^ to the |icniioiciU8 ulvt\s 
of tilc.iMun; wliich pn«» current iu the worM— 
I imjijieii tn nwitke. c«iiirar)' to my usual 
cnstoiM, between ei^ht iiiiiJ nine o'clock io 
Ihv niumtng, 1 renienil*er ttiiil it is Di}' 
Uii'th<lMy ; I ring (ur my people ; antl my 
niftid answors tlie bell, alftrnied by th<^ iden 
that I lun ill. I t«ll her l» dress me that I 
Oiny go to rnfi&a. I ^n to the Church of tho 
0"'i»le liters, lollowcii hy my footmnn, and 
tjtkin^ with me a Itllle orj)Li(n nhum I had 
atloplvd. 'I'hu fi mt p:trt of the mnss is 
celebrntcd without jttiraeting my iittou- 
tiou ; but, at the aeomd pmt the accuAin^ 
vuloe of my coiiwifuco sudilruly beeius 
to tfpeak. "Whftt brings you here? it 
aflVB. " Do you come to rew;ml God for 
mHkin^ you the attractive person that you 
are, by morltilly tmtiiigrcmiug His laws 
every day of your life V I hew that quee- 
tjon, and I am unspenkahly overwhclmod by 
it, 1 quit the chair on which I have hitherto 
been Iwming carelesely, and I prostrate my- 
■idf in an Kjjony of remorse oa the pavement 
of the church. 

The mt%Bs over, I send home the footman 
an<l the oq^lian, remaining behind ray&elf, 

f dunged in inconceivable pt-rplexlty. At 
ant I i*oiifte myself on a sudden j'lgo Vj the 
aamaty ; I demand a mass for my owu proper 
ndvautage evtry day ; I determine to attend 
it ifgularly ; and, after thive hours of ayito^ 
lion, I return home, resolved to euter on the 
poth that londa to jiistiticutiun. 

Sii months passed. Every rooming I 
veut to njy masa ; every evening 1 spent In 
lay customary diss! jial ions. 

Some of my fri«nda indulged in consider- 
able ruerriment at my t-xpensa u-hon they 
found out my constant attendance at maaa. 
Accordingly, I disguised myself as a boy, 
when I weiit to church, to escape observation. 
^ty disguise was found out. uiid the jokes 
ii^ainst me were redoubled. Upon this, I 
began to think of the words of the Gospel, 
which declare the impbsfiibility of tierving 
two mantcrfl. 1 dctorminod to abandon the 
Burvioe of Mammon. 

The first vanity I gave np was the vanity 
of keeping a maid By way of further accus- 
toming myself to the retreat from the world 
-which I now began to meditate, I declined 
nil invitations to parties under the pretext of 
iudiiipoailion. But the nearer the Koater 
time approached at which I had settled in 
my own mind definitely to turn my back on 
worldly teniplAtiuns and pleasures, the more 
violent became my internal struggles with 
myself. My health iutfored under them to 


petutd attacks of retching 
which, however, did not prevent itte 
writing my general confcaBion, adtl 
the vicar of Saint Sulptcir, the i)ariah in ' 
I livedo 

Just Heaven ! what did I not suffer i 
days afterward?, when 1 united oi'ound 
at dinner, for th«> hist time, aJ the frit 
who had been dearest to me in the day 
my worldly life ! What wurds can dc 
the tumult of my heart »hen ouu of ivy 
guests Slid to uie, " You are giving n; 
good n dinner for a \Vedni-ft>hiy in Pa 
Week;" and when niioth.r tiiis%ver»'d, j 
ingly, "You forget tiiat this 
dinner to her frjendfl !'* I fel: 
while they were talking, and i 
pretexting as an excuse, thai 
niont to make that evening, » mi u 
not iu honour defer any lunger. The < 
pany rose with me, and saw me to thei 
I got into my oan'tage. and tliu oonil 
returned to table. My nervea were in i 
stnte that I ahrieked at the fir&t crack of Slf4' 
coachman's whip; and the cout]>auy euM^ 
running down again to know wliat wa 
matter. One of my servants cleverly st^li 
them from all hurrying out to Ui<- 
together, by declaring that th« bci> 
ceeded from my a«lopted orphan. ' 
they returned quietly enougli to \). 
and I drove olf with my geueml cuiu«.-.--j'- 
to the vicar of Saint Sul|>ife. 

Aly interview with the vicar Ift^t-^' f^T--'^ 
hours. His joy at diKorcrin^ that 
a slate of grace was extreme. 
emotions wero quite indesci-ibaWe, tjite st 
night I roturuL-d to my own house, av^ 
found my guests all gone. I empii 
self iu writing farewell letters to Ih" 
and company of the theatre, and ii 
the neceitHury arrongeineuls for evu-'. 
m)' adopted orjihau to his ' 
twenty pistoles. Finally, I dit 
vniita to tay, if anybo»fy entpuivj 
the next day, t}tat 1 hud gone out 
lor Some time ; and after tliat, at li\i . 
in the morning, I left my howe in Kuti. | 
never to return to it ngaiu. 

By this time I had thoron 
my tranquillity. I was »3 v\- 
at leaving my house as I am a^>w wli 
quit my cell to sing iu tiio ciioir. 
lilioady was the happy result of my , 
moAfiea, my general conlrSiiion, and my I 
hours' interview with the vicar of 1 

Before taking leave of the world, I 
to Versailles to say goed-bye to my w^ 
patrous, Cardinal Fk-uiy and the Du* 
Gesvrea. From them, I went to mart 
King's Ctmpel ; and after that, I called i 
la»ly of Veraaillea whom I had 
offended, for the purpose of making v4 
peace with her. bhe receiveil me am '" 
enough. 1 told her I had not come to jil 

wt»tl m> « m l 


(jmtrmuv.l A7 

It UerifArdon. Ifahcgrauted 

I ni« uwny linpcy. If abc 

'ttl, Pj-wviilfuce would 

: with tuv Biibmiaaion, 

h ber refuejil. Site felt 

iioal ; tuid we inade it 

s imai»ilUtely Afl«rirards, 
• ' 'M'lw to eat ; the aot r^f 
Juiit ftfrformed belii 

' entered the liouw of 
<■ ut PHrpdtua At Parid. 
iTiittiiulc rooui to be faruialied 
mfr, until tliL» inventory of tny 
'•"ted, and until I 
aents foreultritif^ 
'mciJi.xTtii- ' Ml !irj[ uj3t;uinig mvflelf, I be- 
inu to fMl hungry ut last, anab«gged the 
Bttp«hor uf t]ie C^jmmunity to give me for 
np|ier ouTthinj; that reniaiue^i from the 
i.r tho In.iiae. Tbey lia-i nothing but 
>rp, of wbicli I eal vilh an 
iLe. M:trveUtiti4 to rulate, 
gli 1 iukd bern abl« to keep nothing; ou 
cU for tlio jMUt three moDth«, 
kl (uul been dtvailfully bicIc after a 
i«mp on tlip pvening l«fore, the 
" ' ' 'kI of Saint Per- 

. wards fordt-^Dtirt, 
ill lij-; i::iiiiiiiiu;;i_v, and I slept all 
[;h tj;c liiglit nftcrwarda aa peacefully 

I lh« newi of my n!rLr-.Mneut became 

ooeastoned great talk in Paris. 

pie atiign^ various reaaoni for 

coone that I had taken. No- 

. mi that I had quitted 

, M- of my life (I was tlien 

Be jtiM olu), novel- to return to it 

[•MeatiMliilr my inventory waa tiiitshed 

gn lid. One of my frienda 

eiL. ::^ tne to recoitflider my 

iiuiAii> II i>i V luind was made u|\ and 

tti K;ty NO. Wbeu my goods had. been 

'■■f' I'.xtU to go and Uve incogDito 

vrder in the Convent of ihe 

: of Pondevaux. Here I 

try the mode of life for a little 

;.- f a'^snnicd the serioiia reaponsi- 

_ the veil. I knew my own 

Li^iembered my early horror of 

:Jui>it>u, and my inveterate dislike to 

Dpony of women only ; and, moved 

ins, I reaolvedf now that 

i (ak important step, to pro- 

" lui...- .*,Lh caotion. 

« of Pondevaux received me among 

.u great kindiiKHs. They gave me a 

om, which I partiLJoned oil' into three 

[ ouet. r ASdistvd at all the pious exei> 

o. Deceived liy my fiLshion- 

aHv < and my plump figure, the 

'-d mo an if 1 was a jicrson 

Ion. This afflicted me, and I 

tiTeltJiem, When they knew who I 

was, they only betuLveti towards me 

M t 

with still ^ri>ater kindness. I passed my 
time in rcatliug and praying, and led the 
quietest, sweetest life il is poesible to con 

After tea months* sojourn at Pondevaux, 
I went to LTonR,nnd entered (still aaparluiir- 
board&r only) the House of Anticrtdl<-, occu- 
pied by liie nune of the Order of Saint Mary. 
n,-r.- T enjoyod the advantage of having for 
of my conscience tliat holy man, 
_: Dcveaux. Ue belonged to the Order 
of the Jeiuits ; and he was good cnongh, 
wh»?u 1 firat a'^ked him for advice, to auggvet 
that I should get up at eleven o'clock at 
night to say my prayers, and should remain 
ab8orbe<i in devotion unlil midnight In 
obedience to the directions of this saintly 
person, I kept myself awake aa well aa I 
could till eleven o'clock. I then got ou my 
knees with great fervour, and 1 blush to con- -* 
fera it, immiMli.-i.tely fell as fast asleep as a 
doriuouse. This went on f<>r Mveial nighla, 
when Father I>eveaux liu>ting that my mid- 
night devotions were rather too much for 
me, was so obliging as to preseriVje another 
species of pious exvretBe^ in a letter which 
be wrote to me with bis own hand. The holy 
father, nflerdwply leyrptting ray in.ibility to 
keep a" it he had a new 

aot of ] I me by tlie per- 

formancf ur »iurU i nti^ut still hope to 
expiate my sins. Ue thrn, in the plainest 
terms, advised me to have recourse to the 
di8ci|.>ltue of llagellution, every Friday, using 
the C'lt-o'-nine-laiU on my bare shoulders 
for the length of time that K would take to 
repeat a Miserere. Incoucloiion, he informed 
me that the unns of AnticaiUe would probably 
lend me the necessary iustnimeut of itugetJa- 
tion ; but, if they made any difficulty abuul 
it, he was beuevolvntly reaify to funiiah me 
with a new and special oal-o*-mne-taihs of his 
own making. 

Kererwas woman more amazed or more 
auct-y ttian J, wben I tii-itt rea<l this letter. 
*' What ! " cried 1 to myself, " does tliia mnu 
seriously reconimeud me to lash my own 
abonldei-s? Just Heaven, what imperti- 
nence i And yet, is it not my duly to put up 
with it 1 Does not this Hp|>arent insolence 
proceed from the pea of a holy man ? If he 
tells me to flog my wickedness out of mt*, is 
it not my buundeu duty to Uy on the Scourge 
with all my might immediately 1 Sinner 
that I am ! I am thinking remorsefully of 
my plump shouldem and tlie diiuplea on my 
back, wben I ought to be thinking of nothing 
but the catH>'-niue-tail0 and obcdiouoe to 
Father Deveanx I " 

These reflections soon gave me the resola- 
tiou which 1 had wanted at firat, I wat 
ashamed to ask the nuns for an instruntt-ut 
of flagellation ; so I made one for myself of 
stout cord, pitilessly knottiwl at < ' ;t 

intervals. This done, I abut my» f 

the nuna were at pmyer, udv.-.,.,,. ...y 
shoulders, and nuued such a shower of huaw« 

ft6 (J«ir n. Mi?.] 





ua lliem, in tlie 6r«t fervonr of my ntwlf- 
&wdki-Ded eeiiL, UiAt I fairly floggM xnysflf 
down on the ^I'ouiul.^flnt on my nose, before 
1 hiu) repcatc'i more uf the MiBerere tbui Uie 
lirKl Iku or llireu liriei. 

I burxt out crying, Bhedding tru.n of spite 
ngkinst mjrsclf when I ouelil to Iinre h^eu 
Hiivililin!; I«nr8 (irdcvotioniiJ gratituilo for tlu- 
kitiilii^Ka of FAtber I>QV6aux. All throui^h 
the iii^'ht, I never doAed ntv ejra, tuid in the 
murtiiu^' I found my poor shouliJera (onoe so 
geuvpttlly ftdiuired for Ihelr whiteness) BtriiH'd 
uiih all the colouni of the rainbow. Tht^ 
fliglit throw luc into a passion, and I pi ofn i 
Wild to myself while I was dreiwinij;, ' 
uext tiinu I nt.-e Father Devennx, I will ^ivi- 
luy tongue full swiDe, and rnkkc the Loir of 
tlml liuly man aland on imd with terror ] " 
A fow l.oum ftflerwanU, he ciunu to the con- 
vent, and all iny n-H'iIntt'.'n tn'-tli-'I nvvav at 
the sight of him, < hn-I 

liuch an elfect nn Hi'. mbly 

•ulTMit hint to excu«« luo hum tiiiliotin? a 
wcond flnj^elliition on uiyKeltl Hu Kmiletl 
beiiignantly, and graute*) uiy requ<;ttt wiih a 
BAintiy amiability. "Givo mc the cat-o'-nlni- 
lailii."he said, in eonchiston, "and I will keep 
it for you till y<m ask uiu for it a^iiln. You 
^^» 8Ut'« to tusk for )t n):fixn, dear cltild — to 
___ for it on y<iur bended kne«! " 
- Pioua and pronheiio luiiii ! Before many 
dnyH had phAtittl liiii ivuiiia came true. If he 
hiul pt^niif>tt-d Hevtrely iu orderui){ me to flu^' 
myself^ I might have oppodod him for monthii 
tliJgt^lht>^ ; but^ as it wns, who o<juld rtsi»t 
the omiiible induli^ence he uliowcil towards 
lay weakiiesa 1 The very next day after my 
interview, 1 began to feel ashamed of my own 
eowiD-dioe ; and the day after that 1 weut 
d«>wn un my knees, exactly a.8 he hatl pr&- 
dicltKl, and said, ** Father Deveanx, give me 
back my cat-u*-nine-taila." From ttiat time 
1 cheerfully underwent the discipline of 
flagellation, learning the regular method of 
pimctieing it. from the sisterhoixl, and feeling, 
ID a spiritual point of view, immonaely tlit; 
better for it. 

The nuns, finding thai I cheerfully devoted 
myaeJf to every act of self-sacrifice prescribed 
by the rnlea of their convent, wondered verj* 
much that I aiill heoitatcd altout taking the 
veih I begged them not to mention the tub- 
jpct to me till my mind was quite made up 
about it. They respected my wish, and said 
no more ; but they lent me books to rea<l 
which oaftisted iu slrcngthcnitig my wavering 
resuUitiun. Among th'^e books was the 
Life of Madame de Moutmoronci, who, after 
the shocking death of her hualkaod, entered 
tl>e Order of St Mary. The great example 
of this lady made me reflect seriously, ami 1 
commaniosteil my tlioughts, as a matter of 
couj-se, to Father Deveaux. He assured me 
that tlie one last greatest sacrilice which re- 
zaaitied for mo to moke was the sacrifice of 
my Ub«!rLy. I had lung known that this was 
my duly, and X now felt, for the first ttme^ 

thai I had eonrnjje and r. 
boldly to fftP« the idea of i 

While 1 wns iu tliin hnp|iv n 
I happened to meet with tlie n 
famous Ilancfr, fovmdcr, or rati, 
of this Order of Iji TrapiJC I (*< i 
Bitiiilui ity l'«t« I't^ii Miv ■i\\ n V. 
and llioae of t'. 
diicOTcry had . 

spurned all idea, uf outenii^' .x coi>vt;tit whirie 
the rules were cotupjiraiively (f*»y. ns woa 
tlie cose nt Aiiticftillc, and deUM i -n 

I did tjiky till* veil, t>3 enter an « 

!i severe lU the 
t. Fitther Dev< 
111^ tijiii. t -iMMiiti find exactly winM i ".Kiv-'i 
among the Caruudite nuns ; and, by Ida 
wlvice, I iiumirdiittvlv ■>"' .nvv..'r ii, 
nicrtti'in with the Ai 
opened my heart to t '^ 
vinced him of my sincerii 
him a promise that he v. 
mitted among the Carmelite in 
One thing 1 lagged of him at | : 
was, llitit he would loll the whulc 
rtViout my former life and about the pro 
Htun that I had exercised in t' 
was rwolved to deceive liol 
ent<.T no convent under false piei.. 

My wialiea were scrnpulouHly folfi!I»"d ; a^nd 
the nunn wen; dreadfully frintitcii' 
they lieiii-d that I ha<l tieen au il-i 
Pans. Hut the Archbishop promising 
answer for me, and to take nil tlxrir i 
on his own conBcience, they cons 
recoiire me. I could not tnwt myself 
foriunl leave of the nans of At 
lind been so kind to me, and 1 
I felt so gratefully. -So I wroti 
to them after privately leaviiu 
telling them I'mnkly the iii- .. . ..Uld 
animated me, and AKlting their (viriloD for 
separating mvnelf from them in evcret. 

On the fourteenth of October, so 
hundre^l and twenty-fonr, 1 entered l&ei 
melite convent at Lyotis, eiqht^im nifl 
after my flight fi-om the world, aiul my at 
donmeut of my profesAiou — to adopt wbic 
1 may say, iu my own defima*. Ui.\t 1 wai 
fiwl led through sheer poverty. At th«] 
of seventeen yeara, and pouessin;; (if 1) 
credit report) remarkable penpo: 
was left ix-rfectly deatituto 
8]>endtlirift habits of my fi 
easily {wrauadetl to go on the f 
tempted, with my youth and iir 
lead an irregular life. I do not wtshij 
assert that dissipation necessarily fo|loirs4 
choice of the actrciw'a proftjwion, for t haft 
known many estimable women on the 
I, unhappily, was not one of the numbei^ 
confess it to my shame, and, as the obi4 
flinuera, I am only the more gmteful to 1 
mercy of Heaven which accomphAhetl toy 

When I entered the convent, I entreated 


iu iier/ect oInicii- 

with my friundt, 

' tk-clineil to 

liat luvaeal 

V, Utl ItjL- ■ : 

vrUili to i 
- ■ ''-hiest |... M.M ....,, 

tt< li, OD Kiiy meniftl 

1.. .i .... ..,. ., ...iO of the convent 

II !'o from me. On ttio Hnit dny ot 

i;< I'm a broom wix^ put iuto my 

baiMio. 1 was appointed also to viuh up the 
dUlfS, to scour the 5:itict-]>an.s, to Jraw water 
firom Ik deep well, to cJirry each sistofV 
iMlrh'er t*.' U« piv^per place, and to scrub the 
1.. '.'I* I'tiforlory. Fioiu th&te occupa- 

1. u iu time to uiakitig rope ahci«9 

ft>r int.- ■>[:s!.orbo<Kl, mid to tAkiu^ c»re of the 
great clock of the ci)uv«ut ; this Iiut empUiy- 
OMUt requiring me to pull up three itu- 
liicfiwly heavy weights rejfularly every day. 
{iVv.-M \r\iA i»r luy lite uis^ud iu this hard 
V. u boueslly My that I never 

H^^^ntnni, liuWdver, to the pftriod of mj 
^^HHbon into the onnvent. 
^"An*r Utme mooUia of prohnlion, I took 
tk* T-il oTi tbe l-(i-(*iiUtfth of .lanuary, aeren- 

live. The Arcb- 

to preside at the 

m hj.iL': ■■! the rigour of the 

[K)uit!d iutii the church to 

,., . I "-. -.!--[. ly alffcted; 

r.ioi). I pro- 

..'.'e, aud with 

iich Odtoni^hcd all the spec- 

/■lilhty which Las never ouco 

• Hiiicv Uml tiniu. 

I is the story of my conver*ion. Pro- 

I aont iu« iuto thii wurld with an excel- 

fttufft, iriLli a, iruQ heart, with a 

' Ility 10 the iaducnce of 

■Btiui < ^y par«uts ueglected 

ft lue iu the world, 

ii.g but youth, beiiuty, 

I i 'ni I Lrtud hard to 

re I was out of 

.>;<eued to be struck 

•nous iiiueui, to leave the atAge, 

luy reputjitioii uublemisbedf if 

tiM ouly give mo two hundred 

'to live upon. Nob<jdy c«iue for- 

;> mo, and I fell. Heav*?u pardon 

eople of Paris wlio uiigbt have 

■ 3o small a cost l 

• fuUow the butter 

... iias l«d lue, and to 

|H;nit<:iice aud ddvolioa 

&v ihlj rtitii^ular coD&asiou «nd*. C«eidea 

I'B and levities which itpifOar 

II it^ Kiirfrtce, there id surely 

> iicerity asdfraiiK- 

! in siiiiie degrev to 

kiij'^Tiiv Hi u"ii :iH ihv curi'-'sity of the 

It is iiupo-tHtbte to read the uarra- 

tive without fccliiis that there must have 
been something really genuine and hearty in 
Mnileruoi^lle Gautier^e nature ; aud it U a 
gratifyiupf proof of the houest Inu-j^rity of her 
' irpose to know that ahe persevered to lln* 
;: iu tlia life of humility aud secludion 
^^llich her consoieuce had couvinced her was 
the bvst life that she could lead. Pononti 
who kuew her in the (i'armelile convent, 
report that she lived and died iu it, pro- 
serving to tlie lastv nil the better part of the 
youthful Livcdiueae of her chanicter. Slie 
always received visitors with pleasure, always 
talked to them with surprminc cheerfidnt.'!iti, 
always aasiated the poor, aud always williii><l y 
wrote letters to her former patrons in Pans 
to help tho inLere«t« of her needy fri«*ud(i. 
Towards the end of her life, she was ntHicled 
with bllndoeia; bat she was a trouhlu to no 
one in consequeac* of ttm atlliction, for »he 
continued, iu spite of it, to clean her own 
cell, to make bar own bed, and to cook her 
own foo<.l juat as usuaL One little charuo> 
teristic vanity— harmless enou<{h, surely 1— 
remained with ber to the Inst. She never 
fftrgot her own hantUome face, whicb all 
Pans had admired in the by-^ono time ; and 
she contrived to get a dis|>eusalton from the 
Pope which allowed her to receive visitors in 
the coaveut pjirlour without a veil. 


ScAOOtirr, on the north-eastern coast of 
England, is oue of tlie very few beautiful 
spots so Aiiuatod, which have not been meta- 
moj'ph'ised into faaUionabU'' waterii>g-i>lac(9a. 
Our pier is still constructed of tjreut louse 
atones, or boulders, upon which I am h;*p|iy 
to think no modern dnndy c-.ull set fnot 
without cousidernVile d m>>{e; O-ir yellow 
sands are not stuck over w.iu mangy-loukina 
iron pipes (upon wliicli the seawutef has had 
a horrible external etrect), in order to supply 
douche, teuid, and hot bathB to people who 
resemble the pipes ; no committee of health 
has removed tho tan;;led wilderness of 
weed that olinga about our rocks wlieu tho 
tide ebbs, and atforda that refreshing fr»- 
granoe called the smell of the wa; no es- 
plamkdo of Portland stone, with thu reuLric- 
tioa and that restrieliou printed up all over 
it, and a puticeuiau to see that every rvBtrictiou 
is attended to, deforms our Iwacb : nu iutirm 
iiuitatious of the ai'k mjika our shores 
hideous. If we want to bathe aud are meu, 
we stride along tho tinkling shingle aud 
craunch into tho shell-abouuilin^ band, as 
far as the point yonder ; aod there, witli oii« 
of the uiauy-ctiluured caves for our drettlug* 
room, we plunge down, dowo, down, a^vnj 
from tho aun aud tl^e sky, into another 
world of shade and coolue*t, where we 
cannot stay very long without incouve- 
uieuoe, aiul ail is mau that eumes to hshe«* 
net ; then, breathless and palpiUtiiii^', we_ 
arise again, to take our pIcuauiD ui: "' "■ 



00 lith it,t«r.i 




Bp&rkliiig MA, without bc*cotuiu(( the fouua of 
a Bcoro of telexcopes. The la^icA have not 
80 fiir to vatk ; k wcluded hny cloae by, on 
the other lide, ii d*«1i<'At^1 to thorn ; where 
the innoceDt Bea-giiUs uid soft white wnven 
are alouo epectutura of their curtalee and 
takinf^ of hmida. 

Our population consists almost entirely of 
fishertueii, of whom more iho-u one poBsesses a 
ci>it«)d«rabie propt-rty acquired in other ways 
than ojstcr-tli'e<)gtiig or lobster-catching, in 
the good old tuucA of ^iau(!y Susana and 
smu^gliDg runs. Scarclifl^ we boaat, owned 
In tltoee limes At lejiat one us tidy luffgcr 
as ever gave the go-by to her ifajeaty's 
revvnue-cuttena ; and there was ecKrcely a 
'»ttjige the purest Fn-nch brjuitly 

couM nut be procured un-'"^ '• 'tcooscious 

title of akini niiUc (Ipdu '•. irig taken 

off, I sup|KMse), or a I < where n 

casual reference to cab^ . failed to 

pniiduce the choicest t>\ nh cigars. 

The gaina of tlie free-tra<ler muvt, indoed, 
have oeen enormous, to admit of such uni- 
vernal bribery ; and the popularity of his 
prof^saiou waa great in ]iropurtiut]. Wliat if 
tho horaea of tlie yeomau next the ae& were 
baled out in the dead midnight to carry a 
cargo twenty milea across the moorland, 
thence to be conveyed atill fortlier l>e- 
yond the rench of suapiciou 1 A keg or 
two left iu their n)au(;er atoned for the dirt 
and weariness of the cattle. What if a coast- 
gUHrdanuin or ao, more oflicions in their 
duties than need be, got occasionally 8[>ilt 
over the olitTs iu the darkncas, and by mis- 
take ? Sijnie few Tiotims nia-jt be sacrificed 
to every ftyatem, even to that of the coutra- 
baad trade ; whose theory waa that of tlte 
Jeremy Benlhain, and had m view the greatest 
happiness of the greatest po!uibte number. 

It wiu thus that old Jacob Ashfield — who 
flourished at SctLrrlltf at the commeucement of 
this proaeut century — got so reapecled. I did 
not know him {i^ersonally until long after his 
palmy time; and, still hale and vigorous old 
fellow as ho w.v< and is, he vtan chnngefl 
enough from him who had the strongest 
urm and steadiest eye of any betwixt the 
liuraber and the Wash. Ho lived by tho 
Htrenmlel'a side tliat runs along the east- 
ern gully duwn to the village. The place 
was suited to the owuur ; a huge fall ami 
lasher leapt and eddied before the cottage 
door with thunder enough to deafen an ear 
uunccuatt>m(>d to the lurmoil ; and there 
were indeed many things done and said l»y 
old Jacob and his visitors, which would not 
have sounded well to listeners, even if they 
had understood tht-ir meaning ; fur, as the 
law baa an intinite aiuutint of vain r^jwtitiou 
and fooIi<>h jargon, iu order to confuse clients 
and keep a lucnilive business in profeesional 
Itands, so had tlieae evaders of the law a 
dictii'Dnry of their own, and were indebted 
for much of thfir language neither to John- 
BOn, nor to AVebster, uor (slang as their 

exprcsAionfl often were) t "'" 
More than once, on dAtk 
the offic«iii of excise I 
for hours ou the liti 
apannpd the torrent, 
it to make known il^ 

firietor ; while he 
ireaking up a barrtl or two 
have given them offeuce, and U- yi 

gallon of white alo mix with the lonttiiog 
flood, to make trout and grilse aud s^kimua 
exceedingly ilrunk and a<«ioaisltiKl, betw«0D 
Watcrsle.ip and Scarcliff Bay, 

Jock Ashfitfld, a boy of alxmt twenty 
years of age, and his sister Kitty — (b« 
prtttit'At woman, say the old ] 
Keen in these jmrta, by far — :> 
lather woU and will'".!" '■'*■ 
through l\\<i dark O^ 

ait upon the slippei; _ > „i! 

sloping heighta of tSlcnmouth Cove, ah 
ing the light of his lanium to the 
and ehadtng it from the laurl, to guide 
lugger's course ; and whenever chn 
Kilty's petticoatK ncemeil a trifle nitire sit] 
quilted than usual, when she rode lutof 
morkct-towii with her bask' ' 
atti^buted to tliei>resiMict' ■■ 
thus notorious from thyi: 
posing thi^mflelvfs to hi^ 
laws, they were in all other . 
honest and well-onducted, n 
tliuir good-nature and y>\-:.\ 
rough Itehaviuur and biicct nee ring ap|Mta> 
anee of old Jacok His life had lR'?n i 
chequered one, and nut, in anv 
patterns, favourable to the develui ■> 
gKutleness ur ri-si»ect«bility ; he hmi 
a ]trtDd«fd man uudt-r Nt;Unn, and had f» 
nguiiist the grain m ' • 
for ypars, but hi-li 
at all times, and tfj-fi-n.) 
I le had an enormous Uriit-f and I'loried 
exceedingly iu his great cnmnmuder Wheo 
he beard that Cronflt^dt waa not to ht 
attacked in tho late war, ho got 
eicite<l, and blasphemed — as was 
custom on moat oocJiMiona — nr^nfrr 
edly for a week nr two. lit- 

fioor old fellow, when ho was 
rightful eiprcBsiona, but used th-^m lu 
old man-of-war style, uiterj<?otionall/, Md 
for einphaKis. 

" If old Nellv liad been alive, hcM nut haY> 
waited for orders from home, nor v '» -»" 
but he'd have gone in IciuliTi" the i 
the flwt Vid have followed, mitrk ye, a. 
they had to sail over his sunken ehijis. \f 
when Villainouve heiml that the com 
hud been given to Old Nelly, he calls 
admiralx, eaptaiiiR, Iicut<*nantfi, and what 
on to biB quarter-deokf *ud aaya he, < We 
all dead men !"* 

And then, amidst a dropping T 
cations, old Jacob would |Htint ■ 
9aud with hiti etalT the way In 
ent'iuy's line was broken in the 



[i«ir u. ittrJ 01 

Hy gol killcfl by the Parkz- 

M.l A idi'ssing, eiich of the 

miuwr, were vroot liere to be 

iiitxiult{in<>(Mii(|y, like waUr 

,,l(rt — au(i, *'Tlifi-e, too, it waa 

1 ihie," (oxhiliiiiiig the iiioitt 

" but ueithcr Qf them ob 

je, erer yrcni honie to 

monotonous life of a. mon-of- 

oinedoueof lheJuniorUoul.enanl4 

eprig of Duliilily, eihibitm^ 

|>]ir.-illKl in bii) dij|>>;8t'~i<>ii lo the 

lifieli] hitni^tr — in dcsertini; froiu 

ay with many otbera, and uiau- 

Plratevr cf tbeir owil, iu which 

tiaed fur iiioulha in tlte Me^It- 

n, and obtniiit^il eevetvil prizes. The 

> loppi'd off lliti Knvy List for thio, 

itl hiB fellow truants, ftUhou;{h 

^loned, were tleprired of their 

pcDifionii. Wh«ti the war was 

gut a pfttl-Bhare ui the Scarclifl' 

au^ Sunn, and made many suc^-exs- 

The pro6ta were so large lliut two 

fipa were calciilat*:-d lo coutittirbidaiicc 

■ 1 and ftll upon ita thii^i 

I nee showed my father 

.!<ior of the pu-riali, did 

tider it worth while to wt'iid tw*;uty 

^lor^ for iudilfcJvnt brandy lo 

Bter punch with, when he could 

ettvr at otiC'tifib of the price al 

ap) at Icoat two thoumiid guiueos in 

^kti be kvpt iu an obi p>>rtiiiariteau, 

: » handful from when it waii needed. 

not by any means iiitBerly or ovut^ 

1 Qusettlvd views upou our 

., and would have considered 

>[ uKtuMfM totruBtiiti>u(»^toa banker, 

oat at iot«re8t. It waa, however, 

ne^ b^lit go, with men of hii trade, 

aa his liqnor was to hiiu, bia 

Itiiig, p<>rfia[« — if other tlnnga 

Bt-erinhed biin — would have kept 

I>Oor. Of what that drinking 

ire of the preseut day at SoarcliU 

oilyno erp^ricuce ; but, to judge by 

' coiifiuniption it nioitt 

' rcineuduuo. Through 

h^ customs he has been of 

d to gLQ and beer niovdy, of 

> in a week sufficient to float 

■1," says he, "when none of 

1 a man who could nut take 

-i> of whita ale (pale brandy) 

Qgiit, and amou;:«t ua of the Saucy 

waM a lurfeit for who did not 

it beft^ra breakfast, rei^ilar. and 

of water. Why3l»rk Hilaun 

.ert Gore— Rilaori died in the 

i«xi'l«rtive in connection with the 

iccurred herf ) at eij;hty-one, 

ve now tj tcU you il 1 don't 

uw.. 't e three were drunk for nn 

eek, witiwut erer eating so mach as a 

crust of bread. When we were too Dir gone 
we Inid down on n honlle of wei straw, and 
when that revived u.i soiiu'thing, lo it wa set 
again, liraudy ! Why there w^MtI't u cottage 
ill ScjirclilF without itj9 little cellar in the 
garden or uitiler the bmrth-iitoue, nor a i>ail, 
nor a jug, nor a tub about the place but hotl 
held the ekim milk of the S;uicy Stihan.'* 

Jacob hiuisetf was never cuu^hi by tbo 
cM9tom-hon*e l>eople, although tbey knew 
him 80 well, except once. 

" It was between two and three in the 
^lOrnin^^ and 1 was driving a cargo of a dozen 
kegs up Scarciiir hilt to the muorland with 
BIX liot^ei iu a team, two keg» U{m)Ii each 
horse, when I beard tbcconstcrfi cuioing iuter 
me. I drove as hard aa 1 couM» but they 
were mounted, to<», and before I had gov a 
mile away over the moor they waa iipou 
me. 'Ah, ah!* says they, '«o we've caught 
you at last, Jacnb ? How eai ly ynu g<» to 
work in the inoridngl' And very jolly they 
were about the capture, you may be sure ; 
sixty gallons of white ale and nix hot-rfes wai 
a pretty good jirize among three of ihoni. 
Now tht-y ha«l L;ot no rc<j;ulnr warrant with 
tlieni, which it was uetx'SMjtrv lo have before 
ibey could lawfully seize, und tht-y tiwk me 
into Kirton to get it. The [karv>un, who waa 
the luui'iHtrate there, happmied, oh I very 
well knew, to be out fur a thiy or two, und 
we hail to bide at the inn till hu came Iionie. 
'Aud, though you are ourpriaouur, Jacub, wa 
wou'l treat you ill,* said the men, very good- 
natured through their gocdduck ; 'aiIJ we'll 
all make merry till the warrant coiuea, fur it 
is at the kin^^'t own expeuse.* Which indeed 
we did, aod a pretty state excisemen und 

{jrinoncr and all were in for the tldity-aix 
lOurs before the (Miraon cjuue hume. Wi-ll, 
the head coaster at last gelD the wariunt, 
and, 'Now,' &ays he, ''lis lawful for us to 
buste the prize.' Ho they opeiieiJ one of lite 
kegs, and fKiSKei] the cu)t fruiii vtie to t'other; 
but neither of them look very kindly to it, 
for, indeed, it waa nothing, hW-aa their simple 
douU, but iuuucent irca-water, und while I 
was cutting a«ay and being u;tu>;ht upon the 
moor & very pretty run the i>»ucy Sumiui 
made of it into Sleiuuuuth Cuve, the cuu^ters 
being otherwise engaged." 

It wax a1>out the year eighteen hundi^ed and 
twenty-one, that u youug genlleiuan fruiu 
Oxford University, of the ii^iue of llindon, 
I'Aiiie down to our tittle vilhi^e. H<r hail Ih-iu 
exjielled from college f.-r oxcrsdrt whicli, 
even at that time^ and eJthou;^h he came- of a 
i-icit family, were considered too grave to 
he over-looked- The Hinduns uf the Wuhia 
had reigned in their own phice fi»r cerfturica, 
and, though siillicieutly lawletis, none of 

I that stock had ever grown up so wild aa 
l>ruukcD Dick. Some very la»t men — not 
many — are decent and nT*rHCtable felhtws 

, at huttom, and when they nave run their 
muck and done their quantum of uiischief^ 
pull up short and become gentlemen iu maa- 


69 UHirRHi7j 


DOin and looks, »t leiut, to the end of their 1 
daya. l^it iJiok wns Dot of that sort ; hconly, 
left off cook-fightinfCt iMcause it cnfle'l oat nf 
ilie cotmlry nltogetber auiI It^it li'mi ; he 
in<iul^i'»i ill nnJ was patron of every conceiv- 
able binekgtiarrium that remAiiied. Wtue, 
ioHeet), he was uot oJiJioted to. oonaiJeriog it 
at t)t«4t but ]>0(>r aUtff^ only tti fur cter^'V- 
nwii ; biiL hti drank brnriily to nu cttriit 
whicli jutuiiUht;il eveu olil Jacob hiin*<elf. Jle 
had coiiira''leil licavy debtB at trollejjf, aihI 

w iiini to » tuomewhat Bliort aIIi)W- 

ai. ' hnn(]rf>(l a-year, no that the 

oliriijMtr .^.1 of the while aU had coiul>iiicdt 
pvrhiipfi, with the desire of gvUinj* riut of 
•ij^lit itr "fl I'i- >..|—j 1-. ■.iii-aotiiii* him to 
ouralti'i < I almost iitLcrly, 

and o 1 • lh« coiumvst, 

aa nick waa, he wna tuiw«v«r in iriany 
re8|»L>otd lo^ pontem|itible tlian the univer- 
sity scarnp *■{ to-tlay. lie waa, nt leiiHt, open 
and iiiarlitk'inl ; hin vicra wi^re tht>rt« of a 
hraliliy thouuh bnitiah animalism, and never 
tank into cold, pofeioRlcas dt't*uucl)ery. Uia 
irrirli;(icri wait nituiifeBt euoui^li, indeed ; but 
it did not show itself in uiiet^rs or vawna. 
Selt'iflh he waa, but by uo oi'aiia (iallous to 
the wnutx and n)is(*ry of ottiMti, and nt all 
eventa he never luado a jrtt of tliern. 
BloHted in the face, shaky in tli^ haixU, tinhy 
about tilt' ey*!*, na the youth had ulrvwdy be- 
come, he (ltd nut make a of his tnfir- 
rulLica, ur think it tine to be wwA ii|>. I huvo 
km^wn eoniething of theaiiblinio driiwlcra and 
oil :ulmiritri extjiiiriites of now-a-^htyn, and, 
ujwiii the whole, 1 vwry iniieli firelwr poor 
Liinnken Divk ; he wad not aUo<^«ihet* 
a')Aptt?d for friendahip, but he Vi\a ^ood- 
natnred and social. He win^ orcr hia ioninis 
of hut piniLdi, with whi<:h he refri'^hed liiui- 
««tf lit trie coneluHion of every vei-ae. like a binl 
iinging at a streamiet'i* side; he gave away 
hiii money with lioth hamfa at once ; he swore 
aa hanl ad ewr fliir arnties <ltd in Ftnndera; 
aud, with such gifla aa thci^e, it wna no woit- 
der that ha wai hallod goo-l ftrllow at once 
by the crew of the Saucy riuaan. 

He had lodging!* at the little inn, but all his 
days Aiul half his nights weresiwulat Watera- 
leiip, diiukiug thu Mkini milk from the halt- 
pint 6t<iu|M, wttli the beat uf thorn, and ncquir- 
ing tlv) tVee-lraderV langua<^e with a facility. 
TniKh j^reiittir thau that he hud ever exhi- 
bi(t<«l lot Latin and Gretrk. CongcnirtI oa he | 
found idd diioob and hia coni(>nnions to be, 
tbera wnR, however, at the siDiiggler'fl cot- 
tn!;e luetul more Hliractive in the person of 
Kitty Atililiuld, In spite of hor eouriectinns 
and piirsuitd, she waa a simple, innocent girt, 
and pr^ente<l to lUotmrtl Hindoii a charnting 
conlritHt to all otheffl whom ho had ever been 
acquainted with; the inthience,Ati;(lita8 it was, 
which she ext*rle4l ovt?r him, for good, sliowed 
how much might have be»?ii done fur the die- 
solutif, ruined youth, if he had •'ariier, the 
advanLige of a wt>man's love aud aociety. His 
mother had died while he wbb &u iuCanc^l 

and ho had no sister ; hi" '■'■-- ■ - - 
brother were proud ami :< 
dej;re(!, moved only n' •'■ 
vai iou^H e8cjtp:uies aii> 
theniftclrea — aa n 
teli hitn — that, whde they lived t^ 
aticceiiaur^ ho altouM never have on. 
the great llmdoncalaleHtu a((u 
and at the garni ng-tanle. Witi. 
niisiug prosuQi'ts fur the future he h 
fore never wc HI) e iho mark of i 
umiumas, or the cynoaure of in6U 
virgina with an eyo to Hetthtmentn. Fu 
Uat twenty yejuv of a life tl ' ' - ! 
reached to twenty-tww, poor I' 
known tiie sooitty of a w 
bcnuiiful, honest, and diain 
Kitty Ashficld was all threi?. \> 
the galloping grey into Rii 
b&akot on her arm and the < 
qnilttng of her petticoat, it se<*uiv*d ha kh| 
iihe w:tH Ix^rn to be an anmxun, <o w«4| J 
sat, ro p^Tfectly she looked at ■ 
long r»»i-n curl* blown bwck «im 
the niuorUnd bret^zea, uml lier'i 
a-ylow. Wlu'ti hhn 8CuU»h1 I 
father's boat rt^und ^It^nnK^i.. ■< 
seemed the most natural thing in thu 
fur those grai;ufid anus to bo I'o^'i 
ever she Oid, indueil, apjieared r 
pation peculiarly tlttiMl to sUq^v 
sonal graces, and l1iu»o were, o1 

the ouly ouia of which Dick I 

jutlge. She coul-l not read wiiu any gntl 
fucility, but that art — if ind'-»*'l h^ t^»^ 
rua:;hly p<i*geK*ed it — wasad*-:"'' 
oa he never lookeil at a book. }?l 
well, when she wroto; uot ' 
thri-e, p>'ih;ip-i. could be ii 
minlfrateavwflge wa8a8i'--iju .tl -■; 
•^than Dick's ; aud, in nis eyea, K' 
field was perfetrt.. 

Did niuhard Hindon, Eupi'n 
man commoner of Merto-'t > '- 
aud (iftcond son of Sir Miii 
the Wolds, then roiilly c 
old Jacob's contraband •, 
Why, no: we have a bi. 
waids Diek, down here, nt ho.'ir 
say that he did ; it was not ' 
riur on account of so giem. .< 
tfeing on his si'le, without any ti 
balance them on Ikt's— which, at l^ 
the opinit^'ii uf Hociety, when an urti: 
blackguard luui the exM* •lin.. ..,»„i 
tune to we^l a poor but !i 
— but that he did not like 
a married man, at all, Lik« the (up 
would huve ticen a soldier if it had not 
for the villftiiioua s-nltjietre, poor Dink, 
many others, would have wedded with 
sure if it were not for the wadding 
While all Che meu in ScarclilV \\m pi 
[•oor Kitty, and iill the women B*yi 
Beive.l lier right, she got to like liaiul . 
Dick Hinilon and his attcutiuua Uuti-r 
better every day. Ue began to leavtf 



tMr m»r-3 63 

iliued hinist^lf to little more 
white ale [kt ilieu ; be 
B4«re olijeotiotiulile aoiij^ in zniJ- 
Irer ilje enU'ret] tier (ntlxer'a 
rtvOtDf or clinnf^cil tliciu into 
Ruitrd lo tiiniileii^a enrs. Mid it 
Krr ttODilrrfiil liuw coniptiriitlvely 
I he got, in urtlcr to effect Uia vicious 

ttber, however, both as zniiiifiU>r of 

.'n 1T1.I Itti-iiisrt he had a faiidiiejw 

lint over to Wai«rsIi;.H|i, 

^ with .T«4X>b upon tlie 

When Itu hiid stated Mi fiare lo 

umitg^rltT, ami expren«t!<l hia Borrow 

iiirage tlie voiiitg mau as he 

II AiiKWcred by poiiiLing to 

Ja>.^ that hung over llie inaiilcl- 

Jifig thtf»« words: '■ YoungMasler 

Dot a. Very wUt- nviu, sir, imd not 

orujmKiua oite ; but be kiiowa ri^bt 

. if ht! or Aiiy inau (Inred to olTer luvo 

Rugbter Kit'iy ibiit wan not bonour- 

i cat bitii luuiider with that old aword 

(■as cleau aa ever 1 di<I a Frencbitmn ; " 

iftl, iu cou»it«rutiiin of the parsou's 

"|Co*UiiderHlL*ly guroiabi'd with not 

. of hid most iitupeiidDus exple- 

k, who wa« na biuvu as a lion, wan 

ftwarv of hilt dnngvi-, and hud iiu desiiv 

• tbtiold nian'fl veiigcauce -, and it w&a 

I tlio intention of p^rlonning hiri pro- 

oatb of bf coining ber husband fliat 

^w.ty Willi Kitly uneMiranierevening, 

■"■-■' i;r**y, Th«y ihrt'u 

If >it ; to whom my i'uther 

i- them ou, after Imviug 

t Cruju him a sulemn vow that tli^re 

no lutirdrr L>onimitt(HJ. He 

with ^vat &ii<4iicity along the 

a uetghbouruig town, from 

bad taken » puiit-obaise to Hom- 

liilber he fullnweil them. Kitty 

^felipuf paper behind bor for her 

f«: — "llichard is going to marry 

Mr: " " ' -^vitli th:tt iu bi^ hand, 

|«i I'ulliLim Imiiging by iiiit 

lii^ inn porioni- where the 

iwerc, Kilty drowned iu tearK. 
^iDg to t»mfurt her in vain with 
ndy and water. *' Well," «aid 
Im pt'ojile, aince yon have chosen 
Fvt0 this wild goose chace instead of 
liel rjuictly at ScarclitT, whicli you 
done any day, you must entttr- 
\th«r im^tead of his t^nttrtoiutugi 
&ito< York and not Horuoaiille 
rwAy to Cirutjia, I shall now take 
Bf nerer lettiug yon out of mv 
Tia liave gone lo church tuj^ethc-r. ' 
I Dover ui»ed fcwii iN/tiiLLationa; 
looked mori' i than 

aiou. and Uu i m did 

[or ijiiil'ble a uiuuieut, but was 
f wrv next moruing. 
Ue)>cst that was<«ver known of 
tlliaLut. Hcntvereamaback 

again to Waterflleap; and Kitty, delienle^ 
hickly, »i;ully alltred, only came home to die. 

rilie w:ia a wulow,and had aeon of fourteen 
ytaia old — the only one— by that time, Muny 
clianges, too, had tukeu phice at Scardilf 
dining her ubjieuce. I was the clergytuAn 
wlio attended her bednlde id luy lutbt-r's 
itlace ; her brother Jtiok was aJao dejid, rind 
ids young wife dead, leaving a dau;;b!er, 
jMaiy, more beautifnl, ua I Ibink, even tbuu 
ber aunt ; but old Jacob Ashtield wnii btile 
and heiirty still, aud giive ber and young 
flarrj' Uiudon, a warm weU-ome at Ihe 
cottage. It was no wonder ; nobody wlio lind 
kuuwu ber iu her youth could have stieu 
her pinched with waut, wi?»ry with care, 
without a tender pity, and Jacob liad kieen 
a lovms father ail alon^ ; that portman- 
teau fuu of guineas hatr almost all been 
spent in a;iMiKtiiig bet* and ber husband in 
Llieir long and wretched &tiu;;gle iigainiit 

jioveriy, in a foreiyu land (for di-bt \ f 'i- 

it neceaeaiy), anif omonget ultei- 
From the luariiige-day of iM)or ^ ., .^— _^ 
Ltick.uot a lihiUing'a worth of help bad be 
received fixuii h\* proud unyiehliug parent, 
not a doe among all the deer henl^ in the 
Wolds had ever been fatted against that 
pmitigal's rcturu. Vice hail Wen often 
wiukL-d at, crime (provided it were of the 
aristocratic sort) wonid have met with ex- 
leDuation enungti * but not even the glinmi«r 
of pnrdoD wiis held out to the unblushing 
Hin>lun who bad dared to contract legal 
liiitihago With the daughter of a piivate 
seiimau — au A.B. — a man before the uiaAi — a 
build I Tbis blot oil the 'Bcuteheon, tljls 
polluter of Norman blood, was erased by his 
own act at once from the pedigree leaf of the 
family Uible, :uid from the clauM which let't 
bim — in spite of all other dttigiuces — ten 
thouHuid i^muds in Sir Maniuiduke's will ; 
and it is due to his dead son to say, wicked oa 
ho was, and wild as be was, that be never 
vi^ittrd tbeae thiiii^a upon the iuuocent entifio 
of Ibeui — bid wife. A bad father and a Utd 
hu8l>and ho wait, yet a kind one ; licller, 
perhaps, iu both rLdationa thon the old baronet 
with ail bis outward seeming had been l^efure 
him ; and, indeed, as long as he could get his 
allowance of brandy, he felt bin depiivationi 
but very little, bhe, like & true wornnn, 
accused heraejf of all biit miitfurtunes, auu 
bullered frum tlicm m<^«t npou Uh account. 

'J'bfiiaon Harry, naturally enough, grew up 
with a k'n-at liking for hia uus^eu rcbitivf-a al 
Scarclill, iiud with a proporliouute prejudice 
ogaini^t litj4pro;;^«nitui'a iu the W<>1<1». He was 
u beautiful boy, a^ might have iK-eii ex]i«cted 
from such parer.ta, and could read and write 
with great Lu-'ility— which might not have bieu 
ex[iected ; his slightly foreign prontiuciatiun 
atoned fur his somewhat iudilfei-eut Kut^bah, 
and, mongrel as he was, lils inde^>cndent air 
and blulT natural mannercontrasted well with 
bis umjueutiouably high-born Hiudoti of Hin- 
don looks. He was r favourite of mine, of 




m [Jidrti^iMrJ 


ftll of UH, from ttie very first, and tha c^ipeciiil 
dwrllTig ijf Imk ^rnn<]ftitlier ; the o\>\ nmu »oou 
tAugltt biin to ^vliiti Scarclid' etroani, au<i 
tlimw a line well clear of its ovcrhnngiiii: 
uak l)ranchci(, lu wt-ll oh he cooU himaelf. 
IluriT and J have Lad many and many 
a tishui;; l>out toficther. lie bod the run of 
my little Ubmry, an<i used it pretty freely, so 
that we liH'l Biibjocla enough for couverMtioii 
in that dircoLion, tmt I liked hia original tulk 
beft. llis o|iioiuua were sinj^ularly gc-ucrouB 
and tibeml, and I wu vrout to raliy hiiu 
ujwii thai puint, saving that if ever he be- 
cuuiu Sir Han-}', h«t would alter hia political 
viewi. He waa now but cue remove from 
the lUnduii lands, his griiudfalher being al- 
ready tiead ; but hi» uncle, as much in spi'e 
tuwnrdd tho young man, it was aaiJ, as for 
lovo tuwarda his intended bride, was aboijl 
to marry. It ia lair to say, bowerer, that 
iinniediat-*ly upon hi^ ancceflaion to the title 
he had olfered to adopt the boy, u[K)n con- 
dition that he U'd hid mother, and protuiaed 
toceaao all conne4Hion with ScarcUlf; a euiall 
peuniun waa also to be settled upon poor 
dying Kilty. Harry was Icfl to take his 
own choice npon the matter, and answered 
by tearing Ins uncle's gntcious letter into 
liruginent^, throwing hia arms around his 
motlier'a neck, and covering her with kisses. 
There was another tie that bound hint to 
Watentleap. Never did I fie« ao beautiful a 
pair as they, nor one ao well titled for each 
other in mind and character, l^lary hod bet-u 
brought up very dilFercntly from the genera- 
tion that iirci'eded lit-r ; t/te had never gone to 
market with her father, with her iwttieoatetitr 
with coutraVwn J articles; theBrau^'s''"S trade, 
in consequence of wiser I>>gial.ition, was alinoat 
extinct at SoarcUlE Braudy had long become 
dear and scarce, and shu had not been accus- 
tomed to see druukenneiw on every side of 
her, and hi her own home. Old Jacob, indeed, 
was so thoronghly seasoned to strong liquor, 
tliut he could scarcely have got intuxtcatcd 
by any quantity, and most of his contem- 
poraries were in the grave ; hia man-of-war 
expressions still remained, but they weiv 
iinderBtowl as aach — a foam and fury very 
reprt:hcn»iblo, but ai^rnifyiug nothing — by 
Ibe new race rising np around him. She 
bad been tolerably educated under my 
muther*8 euro at tlio Parsonage House, and 
the beautiful girl lin,d a disponition barnio- 
ulsin;^ witit Itti^r luoks, as the .scont is appro- 
priate to iho flower. H.irry and she were 
not plif{liled, for they were both very young ; 
and poor Kitty's death, which occurred about 
this lime, put the matter still farther otX \ 
but it wa8 underatoud that they would be 
marrietl one day. His love for her was of n 
far other sort thnii that with whi^-h Kichai-d 
Hiodou had woned bis mother twenty years 
before ; lie was contirmally vexutg himseir 
with thuughta of what he should turn to in 
order to make a living sutlicient fur her niid 
htuuclC A homo thoy already bad a( 

Walersleap, wbfoh the oli' 
hear of tho two orphans 
had no money. The !«--.> 
Scarcliff bad little to fear from 
but it was for her comforts .:.., 
troubled ; not by any dialiko or doob 
supporting her by his labour}. Bread, 
poultry aitd in«at, with us haw to tx 
a distance of twenty miles before they 
reach a regular market, and ore then 
cheaper in oar Tillage Chan any Loud 
with a large family ever dreamed of ii 
wildest ditama. It has always Iweu 
prising t<f mo that such out of-the-way ni 
and corners of old Enghuid as ibis of 
are not sought out ^■' • — ^ - • • ' - ■ 
fixed incomtM, in pr<.'' 

in oljsciire etreets, wi.. 

the help of a scanty salary in a lawv«J 
nierehiuit''8 office obtained by tbi* h^ 
drudgery, can possibly be save.: 
end, Harry Hindon, with n > 
was more to be envied, it seems u> me, 
any quilldriver with an income of a bufx 
pounds. It may be, however, that I 
wmng, and that this life of ease and li 
which we all live at SoarclifT, 1 
real civilised work even the pi 
Still, as 1 said, Harry, for his lo. . .- ,.,...., 
liHiking somewhat higher, and had even 
cided upon taking by the rear n iinlf 
(which hia granJfalhcr could h'. 
to^o), when a cin-uniatance m-. 
«<;.ittcrcd nil his plans, aud sot tli« wj 
popiilAttoa in a fever of excitement 

A anmll, wt^ten-faced lawyer, verrnnMA 
accustometl to horse exercise, can: 
the moorland from faraway, lo ti 
the atronm ; he was in dee. ' ' 
dejectioUj but his couti \ 
up into a snule at tiie si^.n. ^.i ii,.^ jw 

" Allow mc,"said he, "to .v, 
Sir Harry, ujion your euco' 
title and esuilea! To syiii, 
(he dropped his vot(Te), ii]k>u the demoM 
your late uncle, Sir Marmaddk'* ; it ia« 
vidential circumstance, so • 
necked aud shoil in the t 
that he had an iu8n()erabl>- 
uig any testamentary tlocu I r 

ibe hidl nnd ibe whole prup-ity i 
lour thoasjtud pounds a-year in hmd (< 
liitle man seemed to be eating lurtltt ~~ 
slowly and unctuously, he dwelt 
part ofhisaddress), Uiirty IhouKond, 
the Fun< Is, and the patronage of two cx< 
livings (one just vacant), mv youra : yoor 
tendance is inmieiiiately required to vr^ 
any sort of opiRisition ; and," concIndMl 
little man after a pause, **to t>e prt^srnt at 
obsequies of the late lameut^nl baronet," 

He was certainly in a great hurry, for 
refused even to Ukeacbair while he refml 
himself, and mounting a descendant of the 
galloping grey, with a distreaaiug reluvtan 

i r Harry, titat very aflir- 

1 ■ 'i-.:iti-a of t!iO c'^t1:i.:o mii- 

r u,i. 

!1 L. lU UllVi:li>|j(*S 

} I-'>u-Lk>ds of a 

\' ;fj4;iil wi\s i-'.'irful ftiui un- 

t. Iiini wbo LnO ViefQ alMieiit 

t iM i , 1...L ivcn fur a tlity. for years; 
ivrtiufi^, floulariil of lier lover's faith 
p fh- Mf.'-iiowii !fiii|'lAttoiia of his now 
I ii|^ht it not liglit to check nuy 

S III.' ini^lit eiit<;!ilnin. I Utiil lu- 

ll : 0|iiuiiin iit my friend Harry ; 

L) _iice be! ween the nmupirler's 

■i>u i<H'kfiig ont for a dairy fnrui, aritJ 
i-rr r-f lh'.iut»itid(5 fi«r auuum, wna too 
F' ' ine" tu Iw sore even of him ; 

t iiiACa of both wise axtil gooij 

t ■! before a iiuu of pro9p*iity, 

)> il lii;iTi )iU\ I ftll, thfivf.ire^ 

i hill th-ci-ly yrievetl by the 

•if theyouiijj h:uontt'a letter, 

-ijy wcvlcB ago. All J imiDediuUly 

arhvnl uC Ilintlon Htiil. 

%m jHb RrtrnniD Sm, — 1 arrived at tnj placo 
^li Mr. Tu(>t.-«L-li ;c«(rrd^}' nii>inin2; it is a 

' ■ iiccJ: tlicic atv two grrmt dnwing- 

to luitr, ulieic I lupjHite I Dtnil 
. .c connt;, 10 wion u i decent time 
ni »i(rt ilin obtrquic* uf llio hlc Sir Manua- 
lllr »!■• (tonrd y«4tcnlii}' in our familr vtott, 
' '. nnd gentry round vx|trmcd 
<r7 hj Kiiding tlieir nurtagcs, 

'iiD^Otie, to fuUow the 

1 '^uitc at tiomr, and my 

I' ' -. I . ■ ■' to t*i*t long hno of 

k vUlcn uJniii* Utc (ticut nutritlor. 1 Itttm Utu\ 
Mt full Piiou^li of iuifwtlaiit luilDCti) M voti 
L ' I lta|<o I lisTc nut f»i|(Mteii ni; e^ 

I - attil I -wATit ;ouf aMUtanco borct, 

k^ ..,, .,. iug^rtlii'i! wliac Would be tbs DiMt 
■at* pRtoni bywUicli I could timilt my kqm cyT 
KiiJn«-t. 1 am ttiiokin^ oC Mtidinit lifelf-a- 
p ' *'. F'rrticH Inunly tn ibfl old geuUc- 

, — »li»l lliiiik jdu?" 

; -wm not for my burning Indigimliun, 
' ^ikTe b1ic<1 l«ur8 in rfadiiig thestt 
lords of this M|miU i-hihl of iortune. 

,^ Applied to Iris •craudfaiher and 

>^ WDOtu he owed olL 

... i-,.iy^ g,y j„r ,ir^ I jn, afndj | 

: ill thtt quartT; but really a 

.', i» man cjtuwblratScarcliff 

lo tcuiji* — (hatt anyvrlicn clw ; tbe 

IpImmI. Iioircvcrf cannot qaitc ilaud atiotlier 

Gfi'ijlii'l tho page, and I bod Bcorcely 
' t-ruvtit uas my acom, to turn 

ul the following : 

t)OW, ttiy dru and kind fHffnd, I be1i«Te I 

.1 M.n Tiir Ute etuci ptutdiooea you UKd 10 

til* iftlicacrcr i tUaulJ Wcome Sir 

. : , llUWflrCT, I COulri liKTV ilBAgilWC 

„ji> -4 'cxiiirirni* u I lia*o «xpm»cd {1 flaitrr 
to /our txinm« ditjutt ov«iicaf. I long 

to 1*0 lock again at tlio daor villnfc ; or taiWr, 
] Willi llutt tbo wbolo of it» iiilabitauli wuijld 
fimw Kud livr «t llie hall ; I ora •lir« it ii qiiilr bjg 
enoii)rb. and luokt at ptetrut cumforllrM, iiiirririt<ltr, 
ghoft-lmunted, and cold. Crriaitily t »1m1I imrifjiort 
Litbcr mony of your l(«»t friendr, tc* br yptir[mi-i»liinHrri 
anewit Hindoo; for jou ntiist not rrfuw ttiat little ^fl 
fnxn bamlt that have nceWri *a rvryniuttli fioni tntt, 
I aritp. by tlii< dayV fWH», l« W^lc-nlcap, tnn Iftcr)*, 
ant), 1 bn^T, KtiJ wi i . I rrally do want 

your Ki]vir« upon wV . : grcftlrti bcncHi — I 

ran fWHiblj dr> iH S. ,. d, wnm v ""■' ■ ' t|i| 

thdf, all of Mlinm 1 know in wvll ; tSi' n 

urorc tbaii I can gnc thcnt, )iid«^(J, I I. n 

th? nio»i Ria)tf;iunt dcptlia of my licon (vr ic-unHitik* 
kf;itlfiftt ihcin, but can find no record anywli^itf lave 
o! VJud won]* and nci^liboutly di-cdi. And uow. 
to ipcuk uf ibul i«Iih:1i cngrowct aluiutl uiy rvcty 
lltnii^bl, do, drnr fiiriid, iwmiiiidc my Lclovcd Mary 
In fix a day for nut marriftge En your old pvf cbuivlj, 
ti|)iin ScBiciifT Hill, not very r»r from tbif on winch 1 
wiile. If I bnvo i (dcaaure bcyonil the inrre trlKsb 
ouo of thonitic^ rayMtf in totnc aort gralcftil to my 
many friends, in Ibit ^oil fmttitip of oilnr, it \» tliut 
«birli I ftniiripdlr m liaring brf tii iliare iU If I rare 
ID tb« Irati fur ibta pnilion of miitc, il ia bfcaiiae 1 
know bow titc, wbo hat been poor hmclfi nnd under* 
■tandi tlie iKxir, wilt g:ni(a i%. Vutt| Imucvcr, luiist 
be our Mculnr, u betmc, and, beyond ntl l)<Ii)g«, 
rciiiiud rao &hari>Iy t>f tbe young fi^rraiiin'k opinitmi 
whenoTcr I affect tlm Sir Hiury overmuch. To 
(irevent any further miiture wiili liuenrM, and to 
keep tliif migiiltirent line of mine quitu inire aiid In 
tho famlly^-enlitTly Ibat ii, you »ce, frniu i;rarati<f>ira1 
reaMna— I hope wiiliin tlio inoatb to tiiany loy lint 
cotuio, Mary Aibfield." 


TffB joltings in the Desert ; the fumftcd- 
h«at of tho lUd Sea ; the ulter aandy wrctch- 
edneiM of Sites ; tho eindvry drearinens of 
A'lvn, are nil alikt; furgoUcii and forgiven by 
the traveller, when arrived at t'airo^llio 
Grand Cairo of the Ambtaii Nighia, the 
next-door neighbour of Thebca, the udi>|>led 
of the Pynimi'ie, the dweller on tlie lotue- 
banked Nile. Two short daya and iiigtila 
have scarcely paased away since I w^is I he 
belplesa victim of beery stewardi), steaming 
cuddy wrrants, an d greasy Lasca ra, Tu-u igh t 
I am tjteeped iu the odohferousdronaiinebis of 
Oriental romance, lounging arm-in-nrni with 
the Bptrita of departed sullana, grand viziera, 
and chiefs uf all the eunuchs, with thu bright 
rays of an Kgyptian moou lighting up 
mottqu^ palace, bazaar, and fountain, and 
lending an adilitiouid grandeur to the uutliue 
of the silent pyraniida, whoae dark furnus 
staud out no heavily againat the soft bright 
sky, like giant sentinels watching over tbe 
changing destiny uf tlie land of poetry, ro- 
mance, and fairy legend. 

The night is one of surpustng InvelineBS. 
The air bo uoft and bland, a« only to bo found 
ill this lotus-land. Kot one rtatleaa breath 
of balmy atniu«phere is fuimd to iitir the 
feathery leaves of palnio, or move a ripple on 
the moonlit lake. IuMct« on leaf, and 
fiowor, and ahrub, are busy in thu cooliiL-^a of 


98 ii»3tn,mt4 





llie nt^'ht, and give forth chocrful •ountla. 
FountniitB oh runny a marble ternuw or 
flftw*p-jjirt walkf ■i.-nd forth their cooling 
strcNtna, whose rippling nuiHic IuUb reetlcs)! 
nk'^fpeTR with ita siU'cry noteii, A fairy ii|tell 
WtMiis hunn'inn Oil the city, whose teemiug 
thoiisaiida iui;;lu have been changed, by some 
■orcrriT's magic, iut« dead blocks of luai-Me, 
80 still, and liunhi'd, and motiouiesa the city 
of the K'^-yptiiui sulUins, 

I am nioviiig Lhroufjh one of the principal 
open sqiiiir«A of Cairu aloue, and regardlesa 
of uiuiions about Nulun bravos, eunuchs* 
tiowKtriiiKs and eockinga in Uie Nile. The 
ft^nare i» coustdered a fine one in Kgypt ; not 
at aJl equal to those of litfl^jritve or Uroavenor, 
though )i«M'hHL>s oil a \tiur with that of Fins- 
bury, niiiitia ttie Iiousee. There U a row of 
ghr4<tly trees on one aide* on invisible line of 
raiting* on tlie otjier. A shadowy indisLiiict 
ran^t; of l>uihliiig« along the western aide, 
that may be old pianu-fortu nmnufnctnrieD 
or iiphiil4t«vers' warcruuiiu, witli the wall of 
BnuiiiU buiial-grouud skirting the reualuiug 

A way in one corner of this eingular princi* 
pal sqitare ta a narrow outlet ttiat teeiua with 
nopefut promise of thiu<;a aa yet nuaeen. It 
U a street evidently, though partaking much 
of the dimensions of a Ijou-Ioii laiit-'. Tall 
frowning gabUs of strange-looking hotisci; are 
on eitlicr tide, while here and,at uncer- 
tain distance*, are HUNj^wiidt-d quoer- looking 
dwarfy lanterna, sending forth a fo<;gy sort 
of light, not auHicieut to illnminc the gluoin of 
an oystcr-slall. The upncr part of this 
oriental Petticoat I^ane ta lit bravely by the 
moon, and there, far above, may be seen the 
atningeHt kinds of -windows, all latticed and 
carveil like unpretending oriels in a private 
gothic chapcL 

Below all this moonlit trclUswork and 
architeotnre are beetling heavy doorways and 
sombre wickets bareiy made vittible uniltUt 
their darkut.-ae by the sickly twinkliog of the 
bahy lanterua. 'I'he walld are thick, the 
gatee are ninntiive. the bolts and locks are of 
Cyclopean magnitude, and carry on their 
rusty iroa visages the features of dark tales 
and strange adventures. 

There is a noble mosque, vith its stately 
gilded minarets towering alntve thewaltuand 
gates below, and radiant with the brightncuB 
of the hour. Further oo i^ a goodly buihiiug 
of polished marble- The niooiibeams fallinj^ 
thickly un it, shuw how much time and ekill 
the ci-aftsmen of old K.;ypt have lavibhed on 
ils form. It is a public fountain, where the 
hrdt and blind may rest and quench their thirst. 
Jleyond it, again, adjoining a long low range 
of wall and peering gables, are a suite of 
bathft of many-coloured marble. Beautifully 
mouliled by the carver's chisel, yet of less 
pretensions than the fountain, as a work of 
art. It stands forth grandly from tlie cruwd 
of strange fantastic dwellinga that cluster 
round about it. 

Tlie whole soene, with its n -:iTl- 

ness, its roos<{ue, fouDtain, latt n, 

and fantastic gateways, oo; ' ^-o- 

fi>re me the leijondis of ' nd 

One Nights, It aeenw, iii... t., ..«g ,i y i^.re 
cut out of that wonderful volume. Every 
curious building, — each dark inv^t.-ri. 
tal appeiira as though belntr 
portion of the Arabian Tales, 
emira, merchants, calendars, luul hundiF ^ 
backed tailors. 

I There ia a noble mansion ni 
I Nights' description ; massive, . 
quaint doors aud aly window-i. <!•.<< 
; in^t to see, yet not be seen. It ia f^■ 
lofLy jialniM, whiUt over the thick wnn 
eardeu and terrace may be seen the br|| 
dowers and vcr<iaut leaves of *>■-■ 
natc and citron. The princip 
slightly ajar, aud without rum > 
r\»V of being bowstning, or sail \n 

to indulge my curiosity by p* ■ in 

through the narrow aperture leit by Ui« 
unclosed door. There were many lighta in- 
side,— -lanterns, torchex, and fl.-unbon»x. and 
by their combined light I obtain an uncer- 
tain vision of a buuy multitude within a kali 
shut off from the courtyard by trellis-work 
and windows. There is a uotni ' ' ^ -^It 
within ; of merry voices, of el i 
menlB, of dancing feet. They 
the domestic piu't of some est i 
quality, making holiday to cu 
Tamily event. Who can say but it niaf 
the wedding-night of some vLzier*s dau 
or son I 

I could linger at the door longer jet^ tn 
the hope of gaining insight into the iuiur 
mysteries of this merry-iuaking ; but, ou- 
tniu unpleasant twinges about the 
warn me of what may possibly bo the : 
anit, OS I cannot be sure that the ntghlwa 
of tlie Cairo |>olice will hear mo in the eV 
of my rci^uiiing their aid, I yield to dis 
tioD, juid move away fi-om the fascinating 
gateway slowly and reluctantly. 
The time, the place, and th-- 
me, conjure up tlie incidents r 
early part of the adventures . 
n.TSMUi ; wliere the gt-nie andti] 
port that young and good-lookiui^aiiyeat 
from RxUura to the door of the 
Cairo, just iu time to up^ct t' 
arriuigeinentd of the Sultan's i: 
groom. Who knows but thin ii..i_. 
iiientical street, and tho gate yonder throng 
which I have ju«t lieeu peeping, 
selfsame door of tSchemscddiu a palace^ 
which Bedreddia Ilassan's adventures 
roenced 1 Aud it was, perhaps, not far 
tant from this spot, that the tcrror-stHo 
Bedrtvldln was aiterwaixls brought, secur 
in an iron-bound cage, from Daniiucus, under 
thu instant apprehension of death fur tlio 
treasonable act of omitting pep|>er in th« 
concoction of his cheeseciikes. iiow many 
more adventures may not h.ive taken place 

I ifau Ame ilreet ! How many Hultons may 

ave pmifn>iu!ated (iiifi iJeutical thtiraugh* 

>;k of auspected viziers or 

. A« ! Wlio can bajp tow nmiiy 

MIS, or eaiira in Jiagulse luAy iiut 

on ttie marble seal of yon ijiiaiiit 

' i: in the nioooliglit, and 

thirst wit,h iU cooling 

. ^L ^.ti about rae aeems in 

Ete nospvakatile way voveu with thii liiv 

of the paHt, and bouu<l by eudeormg 

I to th« bygone chapters of fairy 


first living creattiro I have encoiio- 

l>t9 night in my [>erambulAtiou8 ia an 

Ii?cr<rpit tniui on a donkc-y. MiitBed in 

Eipl« folds of mufllin, it is diOlault to «ay — 

Vft by his stopping form — whether he be 

loryouujr. 1J« atarw at meetiug me, at 

Rt r- -- ' ^ ur, but goea on hia solitary 

kv t. ud Mutlem salutation, '* Oud 

xvut. ...... . uaiomet ia his prophet!" The 

lies dtei away in the silent dintanco ; and I 

my weary way to the holt^l by tlie 

ol««i)ua principal ai)uai-o, to rest till day 

Itt. and ilrcAiu of crtliplis, viziers, geniea, 

libMki^ cadis, EthiopiaiUi and cheese- 

mid-dav, tliat '19 to say early in tho 
by the hour, though high-noon 
J from the inieudity of the luu s ray^ ; 
i oi]nipped naco more for & visit orOriental 
- - ' r the Htonc, and voodand dust 
; and, forcing my ha»ty way 
» it^tiuent of ht-arled drnt;nnii*n 
bin to make commou property of 
ftoab down tho wide titaiis iutu the 
climbing Qpou llio nearest of 
donkeys tlt^t cut olF all e^-eHS 
tki buteL I give the cn*ature the full 
{ (lie rtiiiB, with licence to bear me 
Jw wills. The animal is evidently 
I the tastes of overland travellers, 
|WBy with me nt u cheerful pace, 
into the very buaictt and nar- 
hare fivpieutly heard Utat the cream of 
i}y iiS« Lb Cairo is to be met with only in 
kUT^waya and bAzaars, especially in that 
bvotttl to the Turkish dealen in miacel- 
I varva. I have not been miHinfornte^l. 
_ tnferwt of the sceue becomes iuteusi- 

0*1 with tiie narrowness of the thronged 
•ATMitA, j^fl the wiilth of the jxivemeat de- 
cre^acSf th« btioutiDi; of the donkey-boys, 
,Ui« tAibu «>(' cAiiit-t-drivers, the tlireate of 
ft0uut«d eunuchs, tbo shrieks for 
become louder and abriller^ and 
refjnlrea some little presence of mind 
lo ni*ke way through the noisy staggering 

; Btov in tho very heart of buay Cmro, 

k many [luUen beating quick sud high 

ni nw. [ am where 1 have for Inn^; year» 

lo be, and wliither in my dreams 1 

^AfUn wanderad in imagination. But 

: by raooolight and Cairo by sunlight 

—hot, glaring. Buflboatinp higb-noon — are, in 
appearance, two very ilifferent places. The 
fiotuiess, the ooolneaa, the hiifthi'd rumunt^eof 
night hide themselves before the dunty heat 
of mid-day. The arabesque windows, the 
latticed portals, the high gables, the gaunt 

ftolma, tho carved fuunt^iiris that, by the pale 
ight of the moon, anj^'ai-ed tto richly pic- 
turesque, 80 artistically fiuiaheil, OTft now 
brokon, deformed, and thickly-coated with 
dust. The mosques ore verj- much out of 
rc]rair. The bazaars are fast falling to decay 
— i should say not let on rep:ttriiig leases. 
Tlie bathe nppear to stand iu need of fre- 
quent purifying ititietheniBelves. The motley 
crowd of morclianta, devotees, fellahs, Copts, 
Turks, Ar&bji, eiinuchit, buyers, and ]ounge>rs 
are, on the whole, exceedingly doubtful about 
the skin and garment-^, and I cannot :ivotd 
feeling a strong' cituviction that a free appli- 
cation of whitt:wtu(h and soap would greatly 
improve the appearance of the Cairo commu' 
nity and their lencmeata. 

The btreet I am now quietly pacing along 
is of ample dimensions compared to many 
of Uie busy thorougldarea. The houaeii on 
either side a))pear as though inhabite<l Ion? 
before the builder had any intention oT 
fininhing them uOl They are the merest 
ghostly skeletons of tall old houses grown 
out of their hriuks and mortar ages ago. 
and embalmcxl, mummy-like, in the dust and 
heat of tlio city of the Nile. .Stretching 
acrostt the entire width of the sLreel, from the 
titps of either range of dwellings, is an iiu- 
sightly cross bar-work of bamboos, on which 
are bcultert-d, ut intervals of uiucli uucer- 
tHinty, frjigments of tattered matting, carpets;, 
sacking, worn-out garments, and, iu tdtort^ 
wliAtever fabric gives promise of shielding 
the passers-by niid dwellers in the bazaar 
from the scorching rays of the summer sun. 
It gives to the whole street an appcar;incc of 
baviucr bungling plasterers at work uu a 
ragged and eiteneive ceilini;. 

1 could rein tu my ambling donkey in the 
mid^t of this most picturitaque utix-tit, and 
spend a good hour in an exumioatiou of the 
paascrs-by, of the shops, their owners, and 
their frequenters. Why that aherbet stiop ai 
the comer of the narrow passage, with the 
Italian name over the doorway, the mauy- 
colounsl buttles in the windows, and the 
many- vestured gossiuera within seuteil on 
divans, couches, ana casychairs, drinking 
and listening to some quaint story or touoh'mg 
Bcan<Lil, are alone a fertile study fur a lover 
of the novel and t|ie picturc8<iue. 

Hut time presses, and I must allow my 
wiUiug animal to amble forward amongst 
caniets and water-carriers, gay e(|uipng*4 
and frightful meudioauts. \Ve proceed far 
up this street, and, as if porfoctty aware of 
my desire to t'^9 sl^ that is intfr«sting and 
characteristic of Egyptian city-life, my donkey 
bears mu nimbly and warily thiough the 
pressing throng, post the iliUpitlated old 


BB (/Wly II. W7-1 



tliiflty mosqnc, ns far m the bnnihiK) BoiffoMing 
with windowa Jintl (toont slii-k nUmt it, in 
iiiiiUtioii of .1 Ktately warehoune, wid novr we 
«■• thrortilinj our leas nimblt; way throtifih 
the ahokctt-up, stenmUig mazeaof theTitt-kiuh 

Of nil the |)lacca of public resort in Cairo, 
excepting only the mosques, tliia hajtanr is 
the most eft|>t.'cial1y Orieutnl, and Htrikinuly 
nictm-e«qiie. Of great extent, it ia diviiToJ 
inU> miiiiy tlitr^rent depnrfmcDta, iu each of 
which (.'(Xid* (»nd warca of a particular clwwi 
me exposed for *ale. In one or two lonca of 
■bop-i thcrp lire only hanis and slippera to be 
fceen. Furlht-r on, liints, pdlowg, and cnahioiis 
UPC the fti'ticles to ho dispoaed of. In another 
quarter, clothen of every description are 
heapvd up and sttorcd in lofly piles. In 
another, jewellery nnd nrnamenU iu utmost 
variety ; fnrrher on, qnnint c-ipirtr and iron 
veMolB ; and yet further still, are the ahops 
devoted to mtsctfllarieoua inerchiindi»e, 

I know not which to adiaire moat — the 
ciiriouH »tylu ami fa.shion of tlie fthnpi:, the 
strnnKe vaiiely of their contents, the pic- 
mr*;«qne garb of the many dtal-jra, or Ihuir 
Oriental jjravity and deemintr indifference lo 
alt vorl<liy matters about theiu. There is a 
bearded old nentlemnn watcd ingrf-atdigrdty 
on a soft ollomnn, cro8«-l''i;ged, Tikt- a fiiiro- 
peou tnilor. He ia a nobIe-to->king mer- 
chant of fancy articles, taftefuHy chid in 
ample robes, with a liookuh of extenHive 
•limeuaiona in hi* mouth. He id apparently 
a compound of Timour the Tsrrar as i>er- 
sonated at Astley's, and the solemn Turkish 
^eulluman seated for a number of years 
in the front window of the Cigar LHran in 
rhe Strand. It is impassible not to feel a 
de«p interest in this stately dealer in miscel- 
lanies. His ahop is at the corner of a pas- 
«ngo leading to ihe Itazaar of eatables ; and 
not one of tiie many counters in the vicinity 
oon boast of such a showy asAt!mb1a<;e of 
wares as are hpre stored up in gay pro- 

Slipping from my saddle, and flinging thu 
reins to the youn;; Egyptian urehio who Inu 
charge of my donkey, I make my way to tlie 
iiolemu Turk, and, HJilanming to him in ftucli a 
way an mv knowleii^'e of t)ie Kant enables me, 
[ irrocced to examine and ailmire Ins m>>r- 
cliandiiw. An OrientJtl, whether in Effypt or 
ifeng;il, will never allow himatelf to \tt sur- 
pi'iAL'^d at anything, nor to evince any of tlio 
most ortiiuary emotion. Ai?cordingly, I do 
not look for any outward and visilde signs of 
pleasure, or even of attention, from the 
cMialiioned, tnrban«d Mnhomatan. If he ia 
looking at me at all — and X feel extremely 
doubtlul on the point—it must be my alioes 
that are occupying his attention ; far hia 
oy^*« are bent most provokingly downward, 
cahnly and iniinuv^nblv. I roam over his 
long array of artiolea,wom tlie richer silk 
pursdA of Penaia, ami the embroidered alippei's I 
irom Morooco, to the fine steel-work of Da- 1 

msscna, gH'.*-..".. :- it... -„..i;.m,i i ;v.. Vli; 

ton's best ' 

hfod and "V: , ^ 

as a reward for mf Fraiiki-?h trie 

the Turk lifts up his deep dark evt^s, i 

something In soft Arabif, and motional 

fully to an attendant in the rear. 

In a inouieril a tiny cup of sniokin;* hh 
cotTee is himdctl ts* me on a rifh nalver. I 
am toi> well veraed in Orifutal eiiatoma| 
iledine the civility ; besides wlji'-h, I 
anxious toaseerl:un if Moolia cuiTee so : 
the place of its production, is tlie Helia 
Iwverage it ia said to by. Kumonr " 
thiit in<>tat)ce been a faithful cluitiiicb 
cofTiJo ia of exquisite fliivoiir, though t| 
mv degenerate taites desire a tasta 
Willi it. 

rietiaed with my reody 
cofhie, and flattered by my 
Ite Iiands me a richly-jew.ii._a mmt 
which 1 also avail my?elf, though 

snnlf, and go off foithwjth into a ji 
of sneezes. I^istly. the ino.ith of 


particular ho<jk:ih ta handed to :ne. 1 
not usually o aiuoker of tobacco; yet^j 
fragrant and so dulicately flavoured, ' 
fumed Turkish herb, that the fuma ' 
me lo some whilfd of wonderful rig 

I wish to depart, and look around n* i 
some memento of the time and placa 
pttrse, worked iu silver lace on a ricli_i 
velvet gi'ound. takes my riT *"" 

Rel«ttifig this, my new at' 
forw.ird, whipped in many .uv.^ii 
Boft cloth, a box of curious work 
ami rarer materials, tlold and silTg 
pearla and precioua stones combtnt 
construction, anrl almost dazzle the ej 
their brilliancy. It ia a gem vo 
aeeeptanc© of princes. The woi* 
Koh-i-noor might condescend torop 
its sparkling enihiace. Cleopatra i 
kept lier lovedeltei'« in it. Alexaa 
Great could have ooudeaocnded to i 
TliD co^t of it, 1 am assured, thro 
interpreter is u mere trifle for an 1 
emir to give ; only a few buiidred4 of I 
Bierling. [(ul,aal have a tuh'iahly vivnl in 
that mv spiu-e himdreds will tlow in 
wejiterfy and pntctical direction, I ds 
the purcimar of an African purae*] 
tiie dlaappoiutment of tlieTurkiiih mtr 
who, however, dnei not ecHideseend to< 
the slightest eututiuu, vveu 'jt coutcfl 
pocket my pur^e, anij depart liuien 
ordinary fltereoty|>ed " BiAmilUhs,** 
name of the Pruptict," 6tc., losing m^ 
Miother hour or two amongst the 
intricacies of rickety baaaora, dusty ball 
and invalided moiwniett. 

Tlio day in still blazing hot. The nij 
slivet la more crowded than the 
Vehicles of many deacriptioua are 
in every direction, while foot-}; 
riders^ camels, and donkey-^riv«rB| 


CMr ii^»7l 69 


.T,c,^:,.wy Tliero we tlirce 
5t4'(f'.lij, hire<l at a 
;iboi)t. Ill au Xlin-^fv 

I. There ia a 

il of overlAtid ii 

liiy coii)|>MiiuriB ol 

ly Tounj^ lEuiy, antl 

1 -i Utt-'iiif, wnliiid custiird 

cr wiiU irue Iliberiiiaa 

c<mj paring . 

itoproFUig ' 

=-, at eariteat 
■' are dibtri- 

• tuin .»r iho 

up t!i() 
. wuuld 
. . d), Id 
• tiiodea 



<v, in hia iiiaidioua blV 
II C'oHar, "1 come to 
o Ilim" — folio wing it 
lldOTt^ vitl) a liiiinlsome fiaDegyrio 
i^-jtM*-.!. Full of such delniive pro- 
iblo mcnibera about to 
h' A lib a few obaervations — 

ttvitwiiig not tbe work nt the 
■<ai their ariicl* — nud cert;»ni populiir 
|tt<ielly diswntJng — wUmo "now in 
u but taking od homes for 
■ wtary stage. With wbtch class 
tvts dniiiied kindrvd the famous 
wlurte aixtoeuUily and Eevuii- 
wo distracted Major DalgetLy in 

I over tbe dead, spt-ciallr, that such 
I were privit«-^d with loniteat meft- 

of *■ itoproFUig " a ftilow crcitLrc'a 
How one revfreod pan*^ri«l would dwell 
aVK<ut ihem. One.Ion^ antl wearily nj ' f "Our 

eadeta bncks hia Friend,*' nucb being tl> ■ fAllo- 

., n ...-. ,.1,,. nnd aion, tracing him painii.i 1 ^,.^,.11.1 mollier'ii 
on, arms downwards. While Biioth«r— »av, Mr. 
.. L-. ._,. .iiil.Iobn Howe, Jiiui-iT.-r ..f t'm- i;.,!!..! — i* kq 

],naj with hi!) i: <>« 

ments, aa to ntt._: to 

Our FrifUil, bringing him in tinliniidBomely 
at the cIobt', and deapatcbtng liiiii in a line. 
Still, if one bav« but patience — jratiuiice for 
du« Bitting and winnowing— tbe rctult will 
be a tiuu qiiint,ei»vuc«, nch in iU old, futl- 
fiavourwl Kn^liab, jt« quins, and cmiik«, and 
quniut conceits, tiimpd alter tlie manner of 
ancient Fuller and his brethren. Well 
worthy are such treasures of bting rescued 
from their dusty bondage. At thn tanifi tltuo 
it will be seen that in productiuiis of this 
clnra, saving always the stately KnHliah of 
Tillut^on, Sherlock, an<l olhera of thnir reve- 
rend brethren on tbe Bench, whose native 
dignity prevenle<l their fallini; into such 
frt*e(ioini), there is to be found a strange mix- 
ture of stilted t>omp and uuplcusing famili- 
arity, of quot atioQ sacred and profane 
indifferently, of hri>ad political allusion and of 
ingenious oimibtudes drawn from every-day 
lily, A few 8i>ectniena of this cwrioua man- 
ner of treriliug a sacred subject may be funnd 
not without iutere^t, and may perhnf>s set 
othem exploring this singular veiu of litem- 

We are told that tbe Right Worshipful Sir 
Ilunipbrey Ltind, Knight, departed tliim lifo 
some time iu the year sixteen hutntrud and 
thirty, and over his remains, laid out eohmrdy 
iuHtate, the lioverend Daniel Fe«tley, Dih-Ioi* 
in iJivinitic, pionounoed a funetal uulugumi, 
beiiinning witli Senvca. ".Soncca," said i\it< 
Heverend Daniel Fcadey, opening bin dis- 
course, ** Seneca com|>arctn the ronicmbranco 
of a deceased Friend to a kind ol Apple 
called Suaro Amaruni — a swet^t Billuc, or 
bitter Sweet. Such is tho fruit 1 am to pre- 
sent you with at this presont, pJirlly bitter 
and partly sweet .... Bitter in its appli- 
cation^ as it rubboth your ftlcmoiiu with tho 
consideration of your lrrt*purablu Iomo of 
such & friend as hera licth before you : vol 
sweet as it prcsenteth to you bis iuvaluablo 
gaine, and inconorivable biinati/' 'I'hun lu' 
truduciiig Ills text, he goeaoii ; " ('ertahily If 

or .Mofleni 
--, score of W' 
much to tbe eojoymeot of my 
I cnlcche. 

r fleetly tho momenta pass f I 

Dder for d:iyH amidst the by- 

hw fine old city, and well employ 

There are quiet nooks and comers 

' ^re divo into. Th?re are 

■ l^rs, the very counterpart 

...w ^,w|.toye"l by the Christian 

at in the Arabian Ntghls to s<?ll hia 

One of them keepa just such 

it place as did Bedrradiu of old, 

I Tciled young lady wna so conver- 

with the owner of tbe silk siulK 

„Ajn that many a good story and 

Awnture may be sttll beard at that 

time is ap. Fortmanteana and 
tear roe away from my me<iitn- 

-' -■ we are clottidy |tacked In 

ly over a cli:»t'S of stones 

1 at lenjzth to bnd our- 

ning down the Nile in a dirty, 

t tub of a buat towards Alexandi-ia 


ever wholemimy sugar was found iu a poy- 

, and in libraries of old divinily, under|soned iJanc: if ever out of a Sinko thoM 
L of a«<ntiiry'8 gathering, such mortuary exhaled a siivour of life : if sver a bitter 
Boenee chiefly aboumlu. Tbey naually I Fountnin sent ii»rlh a luodicinall water: if 
B forth uiwn the world in tract sliai'ej ever the UivoU's ClianiKr set «^ sung a 
I d««p mooroiDg border garuishing tlia ' Divine Spell, it Is this ia 01/ Tcxte ; Lui xa/ 


[JiAr ui Id) 


tcmttmtm i 


Inst end 1)« like njitohia.** Divergbg thea to 
Ufiltuim and hta am, be touchoii on tbe object 
tion ofUa imulo agaiiiat pi'eacUcrst thai llit'ir 
vt>rks Jo not iKiiwre wtlli iheir teaching. 
** finlafttii turned « Bleaaer? bow maay 
qii' ] i.ickea are tliere that will loAthe 

til meaU, if thtiy be aorved iu a 

iluiiiKii iiiMi .... Someiimea eviU Men out 
of tlieevill Shop of their mouth utter good 
Wiirc-e. Are Uiero not mauy (Preju-Uera) 
who like Watertueu luuke oue way and row 
tbe oUiHT way — tooke towards Ileavea and 
row with all their stren^he to Hell 1 . . . . 
GckI knockvth at tbe htfarts of all either br 
a enfler knock — the iuwurd motic>ns of bu 
Spirit, or by a lowdcr knock, willi th« liod of 
Urn Atilictions. And if they will fjive eare, 
and albeit tbey amtiot u|jon tlio door, yet 
^ivu a plitoke at the bolt, or a Hit at the 
Litelt, God will give them sU'eogth to open 

Concerning tlie excellence of roeditatiag 
frequently on our doatlta, Mr. Fealley biu 
aoniegtxtd thin^d to tell — though, perhaps, a 
little too forcibtti in some of but expressiouii. 
*lt killeth Sin in us, or much diniioisheth 
tlie feare uf Death. As tbe ntroaking of a 
Dttul Hand on tlie Belly curetb a Tynipauie, 
uid aa tbe ashes of a viper applied to the 
part that ia stnn^, draws the Touome out of 
it, so of the nslie« of a sinner we tuay make 
Jk soveraiguo Salve against Sin, after this 
manner. Art thou Narcissus or Kireim 
enamoured with Uiiue pwne Beauty 1 take of 
tlie ashes of a beautifuU person, now rolteu 
in tlie Grave, nnd lay them to thy heart and 
say : Buch as thene stinking Ashes anil f»ule 
Earth are, I shall be ! Such Thoughts as 
these are excellent Sawcea to season the 
pleasures of life, that we surfeit not of 
tiaein." Tiiei*e U need of a comiUHntary and 
notes to Mr. Featley'a text, to let us into tbe 
SHcret of what was a Tympanie— and what 
potency the Mortninin or I>ead Hand coubl 
nave In its cure. The nostrum of the Vi|>erV 
ashes savours strongly of the old Uydropbo- 
bian remedy; namtHy, taking a htiir of the 
dog that gave the bite. The Dead iiaud, 
too, has taken many healing nud supersti- 
tious shapes of which not the least torrible 
was the fearful Hand of Glory. The Beve- 
renil Don Feath-y has a stroke en pnssaut 
at anicides which ia ingeniously put. Bays 
he: "they case the Doviii of the ima^ta to 
fetch tliem away — for tbey fetch tbcir fees 
themselves, and leape into the Pit of De- 

At the Funeral of tbe Right HanourJthle 
and most ExooUeut Lady, tlio Lndy Eliza- 
betli (.!fii>ell, Dowager, Mr. Edmund Barber, 
lale Chjiplaiu to Her Honour, pronounced 
a discoui'tfo which ia curious as introducing 
a term with which our Eogliah Charivari 
has of bite been very jnerry. Said Mr. 
Edmund Barber, in his exordium: "I shall 
be^iin with the first of them, the Party 
making tlie requests," aliadlng to the do- 

oeaied Lady. "Her immediate Father," vs ' 
are told, "was tlint nccoraplished and gene- 
rous Persoii, Sir Charlie Murisin." All 
this gentleman's anxiety was for the fttitnj; 
establishment of his oliildreu, and t>«{H^ciaUr 
to "find a fit and proper Hustuutd for Her, 
and He (a Periion not to be muut^d with- 
out a Prciace of Honor nnd Keverence ! ) 
the truly Koble and Honorable Arthur 
Capell ! Having thus bowed low to Uut 
Person of Quality, Mr. Barber proceeds to 1 
enter minutely Into tbe life and actions of I 
his defunct Patroness — for many pages to- 
gether. Making all allowance lor the pof^ 
tiality which Mr. Barber's late office nay 
be supposed to have inspired, the Lady 
Elizabeth Capell must indeed have been a 
tight before * her goneratioD. and havi 
been adorned with many virtues. Even 
as Mr. Barber saroastically adds, ** her I 
Closet was not, as too many La«lie« are, an 
Exohauge of curious Pictures, and uf rats 
and costly Jewels — but a private Omtorr as 
it were:'* winding all up with lliij luge- 
uious Agure : "Her life, as to outward Pro- 
vidence, was not unlike Jos>-pb's party- 
coloured Garment, a Coat of divers coloufk 
Ood Aimighty thinking it best to 8awee her 
Passover with Sower tarts." 

"Such," says Doctor Megott, in the ysar 
sixteen bondred and seventy — finishing tbs 
deceased's faneral praises with a line 
Virgil — ".Such was this worthy Pef 

who on the tweutv-eighth of May Ia*l ; , 

was taken suddenly and fatally ! in ft man- 
ner (Quantum luulatus ab illo ! How «tr7. i-.. 
wastliis! ThHt Head which vtna i 
cjous receptacle of ao much nsefnll I > 
is now the fitu|>efied seat of a Dissase 1 'i'ho« 
Eyes which bad read through so many sorts 
of Bookes cannot now by any means be kept 
open. That Tougtie which dropped lliio^ 
sweeter than tbe Honeycomb, cannot aow 
pronounce nn ordinary sentence ! Tliat Pep- 
sou whom so many of alt ' ' 
Kanks of People so rejoiced ' 
become a sad ani dolefiu SpecUiLjn^. ^i.t^t^ 
is a certain simplicity about thase plirasci 
sounding racily lu our cars — to say iiulhiog 
uf tlio quaint Bathos conveyed in ihd '*«y4S 
which cannot now by any means be kept 
open," and the sudden descent from lae 
sweetness of tho Honeycomb to utter inabi- 
lity to " prououuco an ordinary s> 
Thus ia " Our Friend " in Doctor 
hands, made to point amoral—' 
upon aSectiouatcly in Poor Yo; 

Another " v&liant woman," wui. luufi iiav» 
been tbe very jewel of her sex, and stored 
abundantly with all " vertuoi" passu-' -I'v" 
some time near the dose of the ssv' 
century, and was magnified on her fuii 
iu a style very quaint and richly Fulki.^.ju. 
It bears the title — [wetical «nough — uf 
Nature's Good Night, and with thia teat the 
preacher started : " Weep not ; alie is not 
deadf but sleepeth.** After which he fidls to 



r '^ningB and roanirold sabiltvi- 
in favor tit that ilay, bat 
VI) b^ii Wwililermg enough to 

1 ision of Ihis text," laid the Reve- 
Uvr, " U oiinle to my hands by the 
Uiia congrt'^'jittrtn. Thrt-e imrtitiB 
ih(^ vuiule in the nreniUea which JiHcovor 
tbrv« pATt« k'gibU lu the worda. I""' The 
D«a«(— Sh?e ' The Moiirnere— all wept I 
Tli« rrcncher— Weep Tiot ! " | 

' t a t«3t pruiuined but acantr enter- 
Yet, buw ii)tit;h has thu turtuoas 
.. -.Ji-ady cAUtrived to extnict frum it 
it wdl I'car further dbuiection ; for it i 
BOtt bo reeoUecleJ thiit"tht'ae parts uj>on 
trvtw are like those aheep, Cant. 4, wherw>f| 
ary owe benrs twin*. In the Bead is con- 
erable V Her Pereon ; 2" Her Condition. 
Iwr Person, her age, Bhort ! her sex, 
' ed ! " Thus ia the chart mapped out, 
ar a short respite the Preacher goea 
take up hia first point, forgotten, 
by thifl time, intending ** in the 
_ bIhjj to »]>eak ol a woman bronf;ht to 
ardeAtlt, which is the first Party — Shee!" 
"ben U "Shee " introiluced and dwelt on for 
XiAoy pa^'ea, in the cfmrse of which occurs a 
•traxige Iv^al metAjdior relating to the great 
Judj^ient Kay — viE., "because the Angel 
jnaJkea an ailidavit that time shall be no 
.** Ho must have been partial to such 
figurtfl ; for, further ou he reminds 
i)ua*'thc guilty and the innivcent do 
tlilco cnstody, till the great AK:)i2i' and 
elivery." After all, I»eath haa not so 
errors, if wu but look at it in the 

light: fur "grant our lives to be m 

nM loo^i T<^t is -that life but as a apan 

forv-.-J a gouty hand — the farther it 

;lie more it troubleth its owner." 

iiigs with it auro release from tribu- 

k and aorruws ; and, above all, what is 

lit blessiur, certain delirery from 

I ! " For, ' exclaims the Preacher, 

[low fireciftus were it to those that like the 

't>3 to aee their own face!" 

■'•'.■itural Uiatory point of view, 

Bve Ruch repugnance to their 

xnay perhaj-a be doubted ; 

_ V fallen uugriitefully ou the 

•nch u were tolerably ill-ravourcd. 

bt degrees of Borrow for the departed 

^^-4iocn« heonng their lom nqao onimo — 

c'hen * weeping carnation teara " and " pick- 

I ie memory of dead friends in the 

icir own eyea." Not long after he 

I into an iugenioua piece of musical lltus- 

iiion ilmwn from Cathc^lrd chantinir. 

re," aays he, *'that Anthem which 

loaiali) hath set for a Chrialinn paruu- 

lo be sung at the grave. The Dead 

I eJtall live — (that is tlie Leading voice by 

l*rophet) — togetlier with my dead body 

^1 aria* (that ia the Counter Tenor snng 

bnat). Awake and aing ye that dwell 

ituit (thai if the obunta, auug bj the 

whole Quire)." Sparkltng here and there, 
are genm of purest wat«r and bright pfH*ay. 
Ik'tuniing ouce again to "The Party — Siieft,'* 
he aays of her Jiiiery ; "When aUts Bjmko 
wiwioin dictated and wit delivered. She hung 
her language at your car, oa jewela, much 
of worth in a small bulk ! " Willi him a 
droani is but '* a fairy round of chimerical 
Bemblanees — a dance of xtbantoaicfl." The 
deceased lady'a happy art, iu hitting tha 
ju^tn milieu of the mode, ia also worthy of 
mention : " her ntt ire ^' being " nei tlier aordid 
nor curions— not loo early iu, uor too Ute 
out of, fttaliioii — c^^unsel wurtby the atten- 
tion of all Provincial Lioonee." 

The character of the late JMr. John AluuU 
sou baa been hnppily epitomised in a bi>!d 
Bcrivenery metaphor. ''lie copied out lug 
life the old way of Chriatiauity, and writ eo 
fair after the primitives that few now ma 
imitate his banu." 

In the year nixteen hundred and aoventy- 
eight, the body ol Sir EJmond Berry Gi?dfrey, 
one of his Miije*ity*8 Justices of the Pt-ace, 
waa found lying iu a 6cld pierced with many 
wounda. Great wna the excitement, as all 
the world well knows, on the discovery of 
thia " barbarous murther," and Ductor Oatea 
and Master Bedloe being at that time busily 
ut work, it woa concluded that this must be 
more of the Papists* bloody work. Meiintime 
the body of the knight — after being expuned 
for some daya — ^waa cummitted to the earth 
*^ with strange and terrible cerumuiiies,*' aa 
Mr. Macaulay boa written it ; and the 
K*fvercnd WilUoxn Lloyd, D.O., Dean of 
Hjiugor, onu of his Majesty's chaplaiua in 
ordinary, Vicar of Saint Martin's-in-the- 
Fields,deliveredaninttainniatory diacounie in 
his own church. On which occoalon ''L>iir 
Friend " had a fair share of apace allotted to 
him, and the discourse itself has attained a, 
questionable notoriety from the fact of n 
Obristiau Divine choosing so aolenin an 
occasion for exciting the porty-paasiotia of 
hia hearers. 

" He woo," says the dean, invoicing, as It 
were, the deceased knight's i^rfeclioua, 
** boru to be a Juatioe of Peace : his 
gntudlatluT, his father, his elder brother 
were BO betwrc lilin. The tw^ lust werv alfo 
Muuitiers of Parliament. Uid great grHud- 
fntlier was a Captain, which wns coii^iiJer* 

able in those days Our frieiul coidd 

have no great estate, being the tentb son of 
his father, and hts lather was a yonitger 
son of bis grandfather. So that, though Iiis 
father bad a plcntiftil estate?, and his grand* 
father one of the fairest in his country, yot 
but a small portion of these oould fail to hts 

Here are genealt^ncal details in abund- 
ance, proving young CJodfrey'a pro8|>eeta, on 
starting in life, to have be«n cheerless 
enouglu In spite of such diseouriigement. 
ho attained to high station and honours, and 
to what ia lbs dean's eyss ia bis gr«ut«nt 




ti^ ^^ li^j 

glory— for he recnra to St porp«tualhr — ^the 
fttation of a Juatice of Pi.'ace. "m v»8, 
jivrliH)m, the man of oor age that <)td tlte 
in<^>At guu'l ill tliat stAtioD . . . He tliat ought 
tu kiiMW test liath often said Sir Kdmuud 
Gndfioy he took to be the best Justieo of 
IVai.'fl III tlu« kiiigilora." Attil, furtl>er ou, 
■ajH the Divitie with enthumaaiu, "that 
which exceeds all the reat, whvre the ofBccri 
diirxt nut, he wetit hiuificlf into the Feat 
hoti^ to seize od & inalefnct>>r ! " 

Having done wilh particuIaraofthekntghi.'.i 
lif*. the prenchtT liiniH now U,» moru Horinus 
matters : ** Mfthioks I see you nil atined up, 
ma it vrere, e:[[iecting I should nnrno yon the 
f>erA0ti9 that did this hluody fact. But I 
cannot preteml tu that. I can only n\y with 
David, they were wicked men." Stdl, though 
t-Jiirt Beems discouraging eiioHg)i, '* if you 
wonM know more, I will endeavour to show 
voa how po«a;hly 30U may diseorer them." 
^here ai-e raithful signs and tokens in sucli 
cit»<-a pointing uiinii^takcnhly in the diiecliuh 
of the yuilty parliea. lie can help theni to a 
few of these, Thej sliouLd take thought of 
"('.aasiiis's word, cui bono? For whoso in- 
terest wua it." 

"Th-'V miiBthttve i»oen some that were not 
saftr while he live^l/'aaya Doctor I.Ioyd, hint- 
ing 'lai-kly, "or aotne tiiat mighi lie belter 
for hi* deaih." It could not have been any 
who bore fwraonal ntalice against him. He 
was too " tender hearted " for that ** Mucli 
IcAs were they robbera or any such poor 
n>2tic« tliat kill men for what they have. 
Th»«o did their work gratis .... Tli very 
cretliblfi tliat the authdra had some other 
icterctit that moved them to it. And that 
seeniA rather to have been againat the govoni- 
meut and the laws," Thia is soruetldng mui-e 
explieit ; but the di;an will spt-ak even 
plainer yet. llie princiidea of such parlies 
are an uuf:iiHiig tejst. '* liow shall we excuse 
tliem that hold it lawful todosueh things T If 
there are aueh men In the Wurtd, and if the 
other tokens agree to them, they surely are 
the likeliest that can be thuti^ht of for this 
matter." But away with all circumlocutions 
and niystrrious hints. It were beat now to 
speitk out plainly. ** Such a sort of men there 
ia^ t-veu here in £iiglaud — we have them 
among xta. 1 could not but think of them 
when I named the other tokens, and so 
must any one that hath been converaaut 
in their books. We need not put them on 
the rack to make them confess. Tliey offVr 
thcnKolves. They are the Jeauitca 1 spcjik 

" We thank you, Reverend Fatliers of tho 
Society," says the dean wamung with his 
subject, " if you were the men Itiat killed 
Idm, as you are the likeliest^ if we may 
believe yourselves: wo thank you that you 
did not begin with the Eoverumcut first. 

That you kille<l liira^ not the king. Th«tvli*ll 

Iwen A blow indeed. We thaidc you for nut 

begiimiug with that, Thoijli «-.• )'.:k'.\> !tie 

less canse, if your plot w- 

and you only took this ; 

might the better cin'cr it." i 

be devioed more ingeniously au.. _ 

mure nrtfully put tlian these to^t tcv,- 

tencM ? " GimI still deliver us,"contiuu< 

dean, *' from your bhuxiy hands, G«i I 

Knj:ljind from your bloody religion ! ' 

The only thing that itur>.r..:. ^ r..^ ...^^ j, 
the wonderful patience n Idi 

which the people of Ktig! 'I 

these dangerous conspirators. '* I r.i 
reflect," ho aaya, " oq tbe incre<lible [ 
that was found in vou tvt tho Fire of Lna'iim 
.... Yon (hen bore patiently that 
loss, both of your liousea and of your i 
And now it Cometh to your persoai 
lives, still your patience eontinuoa," 

81 ill, with all these dangers, there ia a e4^ < 
tftin CL»na<dfttion an<I hup*.'. 'Vspecin''" ^ -•- 
remember the good Providence t>f (.. 
is the third thing. He that h.*... 
livered me from the bear and the lie 
will delivt-r me fiom the ii.ind of ihia 
listiue. We might argue likewise ; H»1 
saved lis in Eighty-Kighf, ho that 
as from the Guu Powder IMot, he 
deliver ns from this cursed eonKjtiracy . 
Who knows but in the end it may pr 
fatal blow to theni8«lvc« } This, tog 
with other things now under conatder 
may occasion a fair riild.ince of all 
faction out of Rngland ! " There is ft < 
signilicance in those " other thing* 
under consideration," su^esting ui 
ttons of Doctor Oates and ^dluc then reiy 

Finally, the dean winds up aiid scti U hli 
heart^ra hornewith thia comfortin:^ S'-'^nr-inre, 
" Let them kill our liodies, abti - 
gle tbem, as this is or worse : I 
them and throw our oahes MlijLlier 
pleaae. We shall Iof© nothing by it. Al | 
we shall all meet again in a b;i]i)>y and bli 
Keaurrection ! '* 


MILLEU &. CUHTIS, No. yjl Hr"* 
Pulillib, from ailvsncc ■lusut* from tli« .1^.-,. 



Bvo., paper, M oruHi. 

The ssiou Work, ban<lnf>nK! Uhranr EdiUon.UM' 
typo, l2mo., clotb.ll. 
Far sola by alt dealws. 

ICtujts A Coma, Publishen, OaSce, No. 821 Broadway, New York. 


fmmHarin their MouthM a$ HOUSEHOLD jrOiJM.*'— S"**—""- 



SATURDAY, JULY 25, 185?. 




ia ft protnt sgAintit a growing and tn- 
Ic evil to which every reader of theae 
Ul urihc8iU.tiugtj pat his oamc. Evury 
subject to the natsnnce, Somo prc- 
dmpi»e< it ; soiue are goodaature^t, 
i*t c»re ahfjnt it ; ntluTH aro so anidw 
I vain, that Uiey pujiiitivfly like it ; 
ii U'j argument why you and I 
lit to it, or refrain from express- 
it and diwntiafaclion. 
peat of biography. What in the 
ave I done to itave my life written t 
'ii«i;£hboiir the doctor 1 or Softlte, ovir 
We have never won battle«, nur 
' iius, nor conquered Scinde, 
M'4 whatever ont of the moat 
oi the most proHuic exi-slences. 
\j say the two fjenllemeu I have 
the dulliwt ffUowii I ever knew 
tttipid at breakfrist, dinner, and 
ver said a witty thin^ in their 
never tried to repeat a witty 
eutirety destroying it-, I have 
ley think and say proi^ia^ly the 
SM y«t we are all three in the 
.^cr of having our lives in print 
If. And not only t\iat — wliich is bad 
but we aru pestered twice a-we«k at 
UN requests to be our own execu- 
Fiioira of ourselves, to 
1 our own immolatioD. 
i.,> .writing liiaailventnre*! 
lie, M.A., iuthtiiii; his UecuUec- 
, they hitve neith<?r ret^ollections 
'rva ; nnd the whole ivfiaon of the 
i* that we thrre live in a village 
i« time or other, in the reign of 
other, tlierri wa>t a ft.-ltow of the 
•oocr, who had some lan<la here ; 
are built on part of his estate, 
mattrr to nte whothur vr not 
raoo hati at one tirao the property 
'~ iow mine: or what does it add to 
'ge people mny wish to have 
to be t>M all .•ib'iut Smedder's 
I, and educ&tiuD ; or the yeara 
bni)li«'''I iiii I luarried I But 
Iho" Chatt- 
erers of that 
rioBter — thw'iyli, confound me 
ft word of hiu .' — I am to parade 

before all the world, my age, and my wife's 
ii^e ([ wish they may catcli her in a eornnm- 
nicative vein !), where ray father made lita 
money, what he jjave for this estate, wlio 
inslruct«il me in toe rudiuieuta of Latin and 
Gretik, and who my achootmasteKa father 
was, and whether his wife anrvired him. 
What right have those inquisitive Chauocriani 
to know how many children I have, and how 
long a time elupaed between their birthn 1 
They'll be eendtng for my morriH^re certificite 
next, — with a facaimile of my wife's wedding- 

At another time there was a fellow-^t 
what period of the world's history not a soul 
in the parish can divine — who performed 
miracles everj' Thursday, with the water of a 
%vcll whioh none of ii« knew anytliirig rthont, 
in the " halig-field above the ta'nueu, ' which 
none of na ever heard the name of. The 
miraculous gentleman was Saint Snibble, a 
disciple of a (wnton calling hiniRcIf the Vene- 
rable Heiie, whot^ver he may be, who uaed to 
cut up his shirt into little pieccn wiien ho had 
wnru it twelve years without changing ; and 
who, dippin;^ fragments ofit into the well,gave 
the water the power of curing all the cattle 
which drank it, of all manner of diseases; 
and bottles of it were aent to all the vete- 
rinary surgeons in the huid. Now there ia a, 
** Suibble brotherhood," it appcan, who are 
gathering up every tittle of ioformatiou they 
can collect about their chief. They have, 
thercfcre, presaed me to furnish a sketch of 
my worldly progress, to be published in their 
TransaclioDs. The old man lived, I aro told, 
a thonsand and odd years ago, and what con- 
nection ray voyage to New York in eighteen 
hundred and forty-four, or my portnerahin 
with Spuddy ftud'Fiip can hare to do with 
him, neither my wife nur I can gneas. I 
remember, indee'l, we nuide a good specula- 
tiuu in soap, hut the ealntly Snibble does not 
seem to have been particular in that article 
of commerce ; and surely it can make bO 
difference to hiui whether my eldest drtughtcr'a 
name is Mary Anne with two capital letters, 
or Marianne with only one ; ana yet that ia 
a qncatiou about which the society ia greatljr 

They are jolly fellowa, Uto, those in- 

Iuirera aft^^r the water-cure ! They fixed ft 
ay to come over and search for the aacrad 

74 limit n. MT.i 


it)>riiig:, nnd gave mo eiich vitnlcnt bints th&t 
some little rcfiefiliinont would he reoiiired 
after their labotini, that I .inkoil the explnreni 
lo lunch. There wer« six nnd ihirty brethren 
nf Saiut Suihhle ; alt dev^otcdly attached to 
beer, and cold lamb nnd lutlnd, niid cold 
bmndy-jiud-vrntoT and uti^ftrs, tmt to mention 
(;o)j«eberr)'-])ie8, uud airttwlierries and cream. 
And the roault wits, tliat, alter & pleasant 
■troll through some of the upland fields, nud 
lenrihg a few gates off their hliifjes, nnd 
breaking Beveral holes in the hetJges, they 
returned, oa ignorant of the whereabout of 
the holy well as when they cnnic. They 
would have had more «iiccesa if the object 
of lliiMr acarcli had been buttled ale. How- 
ever, they drunk my health with three times 
titree, auiJ nmdo nio ftti honorary member of 
their fraternity ; wiUi thanks for the promise 
(which I ucvcr gave theui) of supplying the 
at^rctary yr'iih the main iuoidentA oi my 

Scarcely have I recovered from the biofjra 
phical attempts of thune two asKociiilinna, 
~ hcD a letter ia put into my hands with a 
I on it tlic size of ft saucer, with armorial 
l^rin^ enon|u;h to fill up the panels of an 
otiimhiia; and on opening it, I find it is 
another of the aame. This time the applioa- 
tiun U made for a minute narrative of every- 
thing that ever befel lue, or my father or 
grandfalhiT, to bo inacrtcd with a. vast itii- 
preKition of my family shield iti Y' Kouke of 

y' Barons of England. Who the 

I won't writ* the word iu full— ever spelt 
Itook with an e at the end of it, or thought 
I wna a baron of Kugiond J And yet it 
np^iears I have lield that exalt eil rank 
fur many years ; and my father held it 
Itefore me ; for the lands we possess are 
frcuhuld ; and freeholders under the crown 
are barona, though not of parliament — but 
barons by as true au<l indcri-osibio a title as 
if wo were boruus of beef^ or had signed 
Magna Charta, or had matle the king sign it, I 
duii't remember M'hieb. And uU this tiuie I 
have called myself eaquire, or even plain 
Mr. l!at in return fur lliLs revelation of 
my uag^ui&cence, 1 am to inform the editor, 
lilenkinsop Gwillim. Squire iu Arms, Norroy 
Trumpet, and Tuliord of Maintenance, to the 
care of Messrs. Spittle and Lick, MediiBvaL 
Olid Herahlic Booksellei-a to the Dreibren of 
Hun eea voiles,— on a variety of subjects of the 
deepest importance. I have mtKlaid the man's 
letter, but it haunts me yet like the hideous 
and confused thing one dreams of after a 
heavy aupper. There is a good deal about 
dragons and grlflina ; and one question 
seems to have excited the Trumpet's in- 
lercHt to an intense degree ; namely, whether 
I claimed the right to quarter aalterwise or 
otherwise ; oa a family of the same name in 
Derbyshire manifests gules, '* in the first 
gnirid quarter with two sneep rampant within 
a double ti-essure.** 

If these [lersecutiona ore long-continued, it 

is my intention to soil this titfV 
liavq been very Imppy in it, mir 
thirty years. Itc'>iiiii&t«.i;" ' 
Acres of moderately proi: 

have a house on it, with ann ■ , 

in front, and a lawn irinily kept, and tru 
my own plHUtiii;*. But, house, and landft,^ 
trcc4,and lake— I must leave them all; ha 
liti'raily for my life, an<l driven into lodg 
t<i preventappeuriiig iu print as co-part«hifl 
with one exploded humbug, and co-niopril^ 
with tuioUier, and one of the baruiis 
England, and I dnn't know how many cha* 
ract«ni beside ; for there is no end to thf 
capacities in which 1 am ex])CCted to writs 
my adventures. If I had bcru Bubinaoa 
Crusoe the public curiosity could not havt 
been greater; and my fear is *'-'♦ > 
weak mouioiit, I may \tv delu<l III 

down the exact date of my eli 
marriage, an«l waking some muming tamouf' 
among the distingniabed persouagea of tJit 

L have mentioned t)ie lake. It eovvfs 
al>out two acres, and is four hun-- 
lifry feet long. On it I keep a boat 
the eool summer evenings, I make my iiro 
girls, who are I.H>th capital hanUJei'sof tht 
oar, row me for half an hour on the water. 
We sometimes tish out of the boot, bat 
never catch anything. Hiis is quit^^ enou 
A request comes to me for my stibscrip' 
to a new work by a gentieniou of gel 
whom 1 nevt!r heard of liefore, but vho, it 
ap[>eai-s, is author of the Lives of Lhs Sussex 
Conch-makcra ; and ho wi>ibei me tofmuiftb 
roaterialf for a memoir of myself, t-j be 
inserteil in Imk forthcoming votunte of the 
Lives of the Yaclilera. I am to tell bin «t 
what time my ]'redilection of niantiiiif ftd* 
vt-uLurca first manifested itself; whether I 
have any relations in the na%'y or the mer- 
cantile service, and generally what I liars 
been doing fur the last forty i'''"!--* ■ w'lifi 
anecdotos of my neujhbours an 
a further inducement to grair 
he informs nie that an illiLsinit,ii>Ti tu aj 
memoirs, consisting of an exfeUi-tit ph •.(<»- ' 
graphic likenese, is already in i 
a woodcut of which will be the i 
my obliging communicalion. 

'Iliis is a greater nuisance than tltA otiisru^ 
The pen it isjubt barely posaiblo t — 
from ; you may rewjlve positively 
linue as mute and inglorious oa Mi 
had l>eej) a BorAetshire labourar at i 
Hogs a-week ; but, from a set of .. 
portrait-mongers who catcli you unawares and 
make liideous Images of you whou vmt 
are quite uniuiuscious of their pro 
there la no safety whatever. Tlni 
a summer in which our village is not inviided 
by dozens of those ariistical impostocv; \ 
and as long as they confine themeelTes M | 
ells' and waterfall, or winiUng lane or dilflr | 
pidated old church, nobody can blame tbsiili 
except occasionally for a trespass. But wfaAt ' 

to mr to tliem, wlieo Ihfy avnil 
* ' "! "ir porlfiUle ft)»j>arat\(«, tuid 

yonr moat ungunt-JeJ mo- 
... _,..... i^iiost iinbcc'iming 'leshabillo, 
^mp you for vvvr Willi mich itiHutcnt 
since of Attilmlu au>l foatitrei that it 
teible to deny the iiientity 1 am) yet, 
ed in the priK'vs.^, no banilieneil in the 
Ion, (u> vul^'nrise^l iri llie npparel, tliat 
;ht HAfely in<!ite the perforiuance m 
; beiug cftlcubiletl to bruig you iulo 
and C(Jti(«*m[)t. At fii-sr, I u«etl to 
lid;!' j;oniun«a for pruftfasors 
I J,, ami txiwctctl to Sire thtm pniA and oiUvr property wheo 
nteii Ihfir tlirce-le-iifeil Bliiii'l iu our 

her ' ' ■■ ' "lelwiiik iti k ft- w miimtcd 

III wver liirt head ntiil boi, 

;iii > of flteing S'lme extnv- 

rpho3t's <jf bi« comiteoniice, 

1 coiniuence in the familiar 

111 I'tim-h and Judy. At that very 

: he wu Aotting hiir lensts ri^^bt upon 

; nml, in the twiitkling of »n eye, there 

e visiliJe repre&vDtatlon of a country 

mn, with nn expression of the nnwt 

n\ open-mouthcil surprise, whicli for 

'r- ■ will be a rcniiiiiact-nce to the 

! of his Tiatt to the clo&^icaJ 


-• that fellow to uiy poi'tr;vit | 

:: nncompliiueiilary reiuarka 

li'-d nniniiil.'4,niale lUid female, 

Mminii, aiatri-s aud Itrothers, to 

jm will Mhow the i-esultA of his Bum- 

!T[fi!r^iMn. will make on niy pititure. 

" they will cry ; " what an 

uing rufliiin I wh:it an idiotic 

whjil a piftviUioua looking 

a rft;^geil coiitfd olil niiBt-rl" 

: ty iif the photogrsphie [>vo- 

imiU a thoiwiunriiiterpryta- 

■ilt of its lilwiirs, 80 ihnt the 

■miona are cxpre«rtl of the 

i—and to all this I ntu aniy- 

■rV'fK.'r who never »!(ked ray 

'.-, nml whose foolish head I 

U&Vft bmketi with my weeding spud 

lad lia^l the audacity to .'ixk my con- 

llh* wretch hriil the furltiLM' iin- 

to ask the villni'eri who I was ; 

' on a slip of paper atti.^ed to 

- that geucr;ili'>ns vol unUim 

. ol C— I— I W— Ik— iw, Ksq., 

.^•>v^, M he appeared at two 

I,.. .,.. ;(,:t».'itinon ul KJalurdiiy, Joue 
eighteen hundred and fifiv-foor,— hpr 
liien follows the coinplaceol idiot a 
H ^ that thia iniquUoup individual 
< e<lilor of the Lives of the 

■h<; Still moro nii^iriucipled 
.'lies of "(hilliug bio;^rapIiie« 
<\ea on Potal'f-growtra, who 
ru li :iui ami circumstiuitlal account uf 
actiuns on the strength of tuy white 

These, I assure yoti, are only a few exam- 
ple* oT the inconveniencea I oxpeneuce from 
the inquisitive propcn^iilit'S of the preReitt 
age. Ab to the lucouje-Tax, I did not like it 
at an,espt.-ciAtIy while it waa at sixteen p*<nce 
in the [Hxind ; but I never couf^idered it half 
fio annoving .ind as thr biogra- 
phic and photographic cniJiuaiastB, who worry 
me out of house and home. You paiil the 
tax-gatherer, and were troubled no more 
till the enmiing lialf-yeiir ; but these feItovv4 
are perpetually on yotir track- If yon are 
wiroebudy, they Lusist on your insertion 
amonsf th« great ones of the enrth. You joiji 
the Welliiigtona, Napoleona, Ciesars, aud 
Alexariderfi, and are conteiit with your 
fellow-ianuortalsi for haven't you invented a 
new cheese-press, or in some oilier way been, 
of ustf to your country and ypecies ] — But (or 
us,— »a wlio live forzutlen and die foiloni, 
is there no wjiy of escaping the hateful 
conft-twion of our QsclegsiivAs, our ignorance, 
our diiUietts, our »tupidity t If we are pro- 
foundly conscious of our unworthiuess to 
npfHiar ia the compiuy of the Somebodiee, 
ia it absolutely impossible to avoid the ue- 
ee8i>ity of wriliug ounelvea down among tbo 
NobcKiles ? 


Tnu fint notable trial for witchcraft in 
Scotland vfna that of Bessie Dunlop ; which 
was held on the eighth uf November, tlfttien 
hundred and seventy-six. Wa exclude the 
execution of thu uuforluuate I*ady Glammiis 
in titteen hundred and thirty-seven ; for 
though it has bet-u the fashion to elosa 
her among the earliest aud the noblest 
victims of the witch delusion, she was, on 
the contrary, burnt for high treason ; aud 
her death was a nolitical, not a superstitious 
luiirder. We also pass by the trial and 
exeoutiou for witchcraft of Janet Bowmioi, 
iu fifU'cn hundred and seventy-two — the 
Keconl presenting no p<iint of ■|>ecial iutercAt 
— n&d give, as the firat of any hiitorical 
vidue, the tragic history of poor Cesaie Duu- 
lop, " spous to Andro Jak in Lyne." 

Bessie deposed, after torture (h is very im- 
poftaut to obaervf those two words) that one 
d.»y M she was going betvvci-u her own house 
and iMuukcfisUu yainl, driving her cows, nod 
making "hevye sair dule with hirselfl"/* 
weeptujj bitterly for her cow that w;w de/ul, 
and her lMul<aud and child who were lyinij 
sick •* iu the l.^ndill" — she herself still weak 
afior "gisMue." orchiM-biith — she met "ane 
honc&t. weir, eldfthe man, gray bnirdit ; and 
had aue gr.iv coitt with Lunihart sk-vts of 
the auld fissioun ; ane pair of grey brekia 
and quhyle slmnkis gnrtcbil a hone the kne; 
ime I'lak boin'l ou bis ln'cd, cloiso behind 
ahd plane Inrfoir, with ^ilkiii lainsis drawin 
tlirow the [iitpta Lhairaf, and nue whyle wand 
in his hand.** lliis w»i Thorn VU\iV, 

78 MniT •. mM 



hnd been killeii at the battle of Tinky* 
(fifteeu liundred and fcrty- seven), but wan 
now a dweller in £lfHiue or Fuirjr-land 
Hiom atoppe*! her, aakiop wtij »lie wan 
weeping ao eorely ; puur L^4'«die toll) bini 
her trouble*. Tl'io liitte old nuui soothed 
hei* by atMiiriiig her tbitt, though her coo 
nod child WDulu die, yet her hu5>>and would 
recover; and hewiie, after he'ma "aumthiiig 
fleit"jtt Bceing him jwisa through too narrow 
ftboleiu ibe tiyke for an honeBt,<:nrthlyin«n lo 
pnaa through, yet retuxiicd home oomforttid 
lit hearing that her goodman would mciid. 
AtUr this, ahe and Thom forgathered 
Mvcral tiniefl. Once be canie to her bouse, 
and took her away, in Oie presence of 
her husluind and H)ree tailurw— they seeing 
nolhiiijr — Ui whei*e twelve people were asitm- 
bled waiting for her. These were c-i^dit 
woin»n and fuur nitfii, nil ** verrie st-rut-lie 
lyk to Bbo ;" niid they were the " guti© 
wichiiB thut wyniiit in the C'ouit of Klfwiie," 
who had come to persuade her to co away 
with them. But I3««5ie refused. Half de- 
men led as she was, she wan loyal to her 
hushfltid and Ircr children, and wuuld have 
nothing to say to & separation from them ; 
though Thom Reid waa aogry and told her 
** it wtudd be worse for her.' Oner, too, the 
Queen of the Fairies, a Btont, comely woman, 
cariio to her, as she was again "lying in 
giasaue," and .-wke*! for a drinlc, which Bts«ie 

fKve her. She told her that tlie child would 
ie, but that her husband would recover: 
for poor Audro Jak seems to have been often 
in a delicate condition, and to bave given 
Bessie's faithful heart many an auiious hour. 
Then Thom bf^-an lo leach her tlie art of 
he&ilng. Ue gave her roota wheiewith to 
Uiake snlvca for sheep or cows, or children 
"Inkcu with an evill blast of wind or elf- 
gi'ippit ;" aud she cured maity people, by 
following, aa she said, the old man'fl direc- 
tions. For inatance, she healed I^idy John- 
stone's daughter, married to the young I^ird 
of Stanelie, by giving her a drink made of 
strong ate, boiled with cloves, ginger, aui.seed, 
liquorice, and white sugar : wnieh Thom a&id 
was good for her comidaint — "a cold blood 
thnt went about her heart, and caused her to 
pine and fall away." But she coald not mend 
old Tjidy Kilbowye's leg. It had been 
crooked all her life, and now, he aaid, Uie 
marrow was consunieil and ttie blood be- 
nuinl>ed. It was hopeless ; and it would \te 
worse for her if she ai«kt^d for fairy help 
again. Bessie alao found stolen goods, under 
Thorn's directing ; and those which she could 
not 6nd, slie could at least tell of. Thus, 
Hugh Scott's cloak could not l>e rctunied, 
because it had been mads into a kirtle : and 
James Baird and llcnr^- Jamesoun could not 
recover their plough irons, because James 
l^ouglas, the BnerilTs officer, had accepted a 
bribe of three pounds not to 6ud them. I^dv 
Bluir, too, after having "daog and wrackit 
her servants on account of certain linen of 

which she ha<l been robbwl, learned ^ 
mouth of Bessie, piomptcd by Thuu _ 
Margiiret Syuiple, lier own ( ' ti 
t ion, . bad stolen it. With <i 
revelations. Bessie nl<io re- 
hjinds of her ghoally friend n 
which, if tacked to tho "\v_, .,. .^.i^ 
wound about the left arm of any 
about to be a mother, would fac 
recovery roarvelloualy. She loal the laftflfj 
iusinuHtiug that Thom took it away a^puoj 
hut. kept her fatal character for mon 
medical skilfulnesa thAU belonged to 
ordinary or c:inny old wife. She s^id tba 
she ot\en saw Thom Beid going about ti^ 
other people. Ue would l>e in the st 
Etlinhurgli, handling goods tiLe any 
man ; but she never spoke to him, unit 
spoke lo her first: he had for\»idden I 
du au. Tht? last time she met him befop 
arrest, he told her of the evil that waa to' 
como: but he buoyed her tip with fftli^ 
hopes, assuring her that ihe would be wer 
treated and eventually stand clear, *" 
B«s«ie Dunlop ! — After Ivingcruelly tor 
and her nut very strong braiu utt«r| 
organised, she was ** convict and burnt 
thu Caatle Hill, of Edinburgh. A moumlt 
commentary on her elfin friend's brave 
aud promises. 

On the twenty-eighth of May, !:*■'="" >•■■" 
dreii and eighty-eight, Alesoun Fm 
haled before a just judge and sapitii.. 
the same accusation of witchi-i-afl, 

sorting with the fjiiry folk. This Ale 

AIi»ou Feiuson, had a certain coiuinj 
WUliam Simpson, who, according to h« 
account^ had been carried to i"V3 p*^ '*y * "'■ 
of Kgypt (gipsy) when he w.-w a mera ' 
aud had there been educated in the 
profession, in which he Bc«me to hav 
more than ordinnrily skilful. Su 
fnther bad been smith to gracious 
hut, durinu his son's absoti- ■ '•■ f-*" 
hnd died, lor ** opening a ]h 
looking upon it," — a fuct aa 
the rest of this crazed narrativ«j. W< 
William once cured his cousin of some i 
disorder, tliereby gaining gr«at infl 
over her ; which he abused by 
with him to fairy land, and introduo 
to the good neighbours, whose oom|] 
himself had afTected for many yivara. 
treated poor Alison very harshly, 
used to beat and knock her about tt 
was terrified out of the small wita 
ever ]x)«8e:(8ed ; and frequently she 
left by them covered with bod bruiaea^ 
perfectly powerless. She was n-vr fm 
from her questionable Associates, 
to come ujion her at all times, at> 
her into their s6creta, whether nhe Vikod 
or no. They used to show her how the 
gathered thctr herbs before sonriac, ati 
she would watch them with their pans 
aud fires making the "saws,** or salve 
that could kill or onra all who nsed the 



tJ«if *. \V7.] 77 

' witch's -will. WhHt witli 

intl Mr. WilliMn*s citnicat 

' Miaon Boon got a repti- 

. L-ra ; bo gnwtt. Oiat the 

Bt. .;.... .L..& — a poor.sbnkeu hy|K>- 

^ouifrinr, with nn ni»ny tlt^n-sts on liiiii 

i>ulil till thu WArti of a hoHplUl — 

pjilied to Ui'T for some of hor charms and 

Dctlies, wtiich ilic had the icdsc to m&kv 

i.t&bU vncitigb ; Damely^ Kpicetl cUrt-t — a 

jiMlUi Ue <1runk at two drHUuhta — nml a 

bilrd ca{>oii. ll scnrcoly ncvd«a witcliornft 

h%\e prMcrib«d that fur ft luxuiumii 

who hail brought biniat'lf ialo a state 

onic dynprirtiia by Inziiittw nnd (ro*wi 

Mr. Wdliuta wiwi veiy careful nf 

au. ilc used to go before iho fairy folk, 

li<n tli«; «vt out iu t)re wlnrlwiuda t<i 

^ic licr, aiid Ull h«r of tUuir cortiiiii; ; uxl 

*tii'* \tt-^- nru'-nt thtit she tthottld not go 

ultogvtber, siuce u tytlifl of 

. tiiktfQ down to hell. But, 

nUoi-r Mr. Wiltiniu'e thought Dor fairv 

conld Kire ))oor Alice. She wiim 

ot«d atid burnt," never more to ba 

I by «pileiMy„ or the leverlsh dreams 


er iuimc$ como next upon the records. 

^l^dy FowItB, and Hector Muuro, 

, Were tried ou the twenty-tiocoiid 

ifu-i'n hundred and ninety, for 

Itonft, incAntatiou, sorcery, and poicon- 

' Tiro pftipic were in the Lady s way, 

fa/gery Campbell, tb« young lady of 

'W»n» wifp to George Rom of iial- 

Ijidy Katberiiie'g brother ; and 

tjin nro, Ut^r step-son, prtfieDt Bi^ron 

liil hruthcr to the Hector Mnnro 

ave. K these two persood were 

^^iJe Roto couhf marry the 

vlia, to the pecuniary ailvan- 

ti nu' I h ia futnt ly. lI<-ctor'« 

rirl mu Tvitli hifl balf-brotlier, George 

( ii.i,.|f.l.. }.,.U- Katlierine'a own 

I'i *• Ljidy Kalherine 

■■■■^ of two pictures 

aiing ilie youuj; Lady Ualnagowan 

Rn*>«rt Mimm, -which picturps two 

■ <? R4MS and >Lir- 

-■ Ijonatrt, shot at 

.' But the jiicturea— 

lx or clay — were bmken 

and the B|ieU waa de- 

!lte Laily made a stoup 

-^ J., to brt 'sent to Robert 

• \[ Icnki-'d, nuJ all the poison 

,(..• II. ^iii.ill (iiiaittity, 

to tlie 


nr jar fall of puinun was pre* 

time of duubl« ■tren<,'lli ; the 

}jnsk\e I»ncarl. It wtts sent 

iinl by lliA bands of Ijuty 

Iij3i(>r-niothet*; but aho broke 

by tlt« way ; and, like the |^aj;e, 

[til* eonteiiU, paul the penalty ot her 

Ifcjr with her Lite. The jtoiHon was uf 

4Ueh a nature that neither cow nor Eh«>fp 
would touch the pt:ib9 where it fell ; and 
ooou the herhnge withered away .altogether, 
in fearful memorial of her guilt. She wns 
morenuccesarul in her Httenipts on the yutin;^ 
lady lialii.i^nwan. Her " dittay " seta torth 
that the |Kior{jirl, tasting of her step-mother's ptitions, coatmcteil an iuiMiiiil-lc 
disease; the jtAia and anguish she suffered 
rer.jUintf even the wretch who adminiHtercd 
the poison. Itut she did not die. Kchtng 
dauntwl by lier fadui*es, the Lady sent fur 
and wiiie, and openly too, for v.iriona poisons ; 
atusulUng with " Egyptians '* and notorious 
tvit<:lies as to what would best "suit the 
eomplexiiita" of her vicliiuH ; and whether 
her mlsUine, wliieh she ofti-n U'ied, should 
be aduiiuititcred iu eggs, broth, or cabbuge. 
She paid many sums, too, for more c&y 
images and elf-arrow-heads, which elf-arrow- 
heaJs are the ancient arrow-hea<is fre- 
quently found in Scotland ; and her 
wickedness at last grew too p:*teiit even for 
her rank to cover. She was arrested and 
arraigned ; but the jury, comporwd of the 
t^owliA dcpeuilanU, acutnlted her, ihougli 
many of her creatures had prevLoufly bceu 
''convicted and bumt^" on the aamc cbargca 
as those now mafte ngninst her. 

Hector Muuro'e iri»l was somewhat of a 
ilifl'yreul stamp. His step mother does not 
seem to have had much contideuce in mere 
sproery. She put her faith in facts rittlier 
than in iacautations, and prefeired rlruys to 
charms. But, Hector whs more auperstitioua 
and more cowardly. Parinjjs of nails, ellp* 
pings of h:iir, water whtrein cnchaotott atones 
Lad been laid, were all of as much potency 
in his miuilasthe "mtoun poy.soun," so dear 
to the Lady ; and the method of hts intended 
murder rested on such means oa tht^e. After 
a smalt pifce of preliminRry sorcery, under- 
taken with his foater-niother, Crisfiao Ntill 
Dayxell an.l Marion Mcluyareach, "ooo of 
the moTft notorious lavi nmk witches of the 
comiiry," it was pronounced that Hector, 
who was eiek, would not recover his health 
onlcss the princip:tl man of bis blood should 
sufler for him. 'lids was found to t>e none 
other titan George Munro of Obisdale, Lady 
l-*owlis's el'leal son. George then must die ; 
not by pois'in. but by aorcnry ; and thu firfit 
step to Im tnkt'ii was to secure his presence 
by HtH-tor'n bed-side. Seven times diil the 
invalid Impatieutl^r Bend f"r him ; ami when 
at Inst he did come, Hector wvid never a 
wonl to him, after his surly " better now that 
yim have come," in answer to George's 
'■how's a' with too 1 ** but sat for a full 
hour, with his left hand in his brolher'a 
right^ working the fii'st spfjU in stienoe, 
according to the directions of his foster- 
mother and the wiluh. That night, one hour 
after midnight, tlie two women went out 
to a "piece of ground lying between two 
nianore," and there roa'le a grave, n«>ar to 
the eea (luoil A fow night* after thu— U 



TB (Mf It 1^-1 


vnu Jitnuary — Hector, wrapped in I>l.-inket3, 
WAJ8 carried out of Ua sick b«d mid Imd Lu 
this grave ; he.Iiis foslcr-niother.and Mcln- 
gmreAcli nil silynt n-s dcntli. Tiie boiIm were 
mid ovvr Idm, iiTid l-liu Hitch sat down by 
him. ITien Cristian Dayz*:U, with a yoimj 
boy in her hand, rau the breadth of nina 
Hga or furrows, and, ctmuig back to tlio 
grxve, ft»ked tlio wiLcli, " who was ht:r 
clioica ? " Mcljigareacli, prutnuted by 
tbo tW'Vi}, answered, "that Mr Ilector was 
Iter chuico to live, and hia brother Giiur^je to 
die for hiiti t " Thin cerciiioiiy wrui rcjjnitcd 
ilirioc, aod then they all i-vburaed eikiitly to 
tlie hoiiae ; Hector Muiiro convinced that 
«ventldii^' necetuary Iiad uow been duiic, 
and ihiit ids half-brt>tlier miut perfurc? \n3 
bin Bneritit'C'. In liis grutitudu lie inalu 
Clarion Molngnreach kceiier of his sheep ; 
aDtl »o uplifted hvr that thtf oonntry puople 
durst not oppose her for th«ir ltvc«. It wnit 
tlie common tAlk that tie favoni^i and 
honoured her, aaid the dittar, *' git' she hud 
hvtu his wife ; " and once liv kept her out of 
the way, when she was cited to appear befur« 
tlie cN>nrt, Ut nuswer to the chur^e of witch- 
craft, liut. Hector cot clt^iir, a^ hia stcp- 
mutlier had doue balfnu hour before him ; 
and wv heiir no nioru of the Fuwlis crimes 
or the Fuwlis follJi-M. 

On the twenly-siath of May» fifteen hun- 
dnnX and innety,Ji>hn riau,aliaa Cuninghuui, 
Mjuiler of the Schoul at !ljiiUpaua, Lutliian, 
and contemptuiniflty recor^Ied aa *' Secretar 
and K^j^tHtcr to the Dovil," wm arraigned 
for wilchcraft and It igh-t reason. iTiere 
wero twenty counts against him ; the least 
of wliidi was enough to liave lighted a 
witch'fire at that time on the fatal Castle 
Hill. First) he was accused of euLcrini^ into 
It a.venant with Sntuii, who ft[»pearcd lo him 
all in white, .-ts he lay in Iwd, thiiikin;;r how 
bo conid be reren^'ed on Thomns Trumliill, 
for not having wbitewasbstl bis room. After 
prumtsing his Satanic Majesty allegLinee 
and liumage, he received bis mark ; which 
wua fodiid, later, under his tuni>ue, uitli 
two pin* stuck up to tlieir headsL Dr. 
Fian hud otioe the miKfortnne to be un- 
well, which was ti-auslated into a grievnus 
crime by the gracious "aaaiaa** wTiu tried 
him. Ho wua found guilty, — "fylit," is 
the legal term, — of *' feiguinx himself to be 
sick in the said Thoni;u Truuibill's cham- 
ber, where he was 8trick«n iu great e&ita- 
deM and trances, lying by the apace of two 
or three hours dead, his spirit taken, and 
suHered himself to be carried and trans- 
ported to many mountains, as he thought, 
thronj;h all the world, according to his 
depositions;'* those depo»itiund made af^r 
fearful torture, and recanted the iuatant bis 
mind I'ectivered its tone. Ho waa also found 
gudty of sntrnrin? himself to be carried to 
rJortU Berwick cnuroh, whore, together with 
many otbei'a, he did homage to Sritrui, aa he 
stood in tilt pulpit ** makiug doubtfal 

speeches," and bidding them "not to fear, 
though ho waa grim." But thu pith of iJie 
indictment was, that he, 1"'"' ""i! ^-^ 
uLherti to be spukeu of hi: 
a leagne with Satan towri.- 
the Sixth) ou his Denmark v<>' 
a fit of clumsy gHllantiy, he w^ > 
future quueu. ^Vhite satUug lo Deun 
Fian and a whole crew of witchca 
wizurds met Sntau at sen, and the ma 
giving an enchanted cat into Kuberl (Jrier- 
non*a hand, b.vie him "cist the eanie iuW 
the sea, hola!" Which was done, and « 
strong Ciil^- was the consequence. Thes, 
wlu-u the Kinr; was returning from Dttt- 
mark, the Devil promisud in r.utto ft miat| 
which should wrock bim on EngUah groand. 
To pci-form which feat he took eometbinp 
like a football, npnearlng like a wi.ip to 
Dr. Fian, which, when be cattt it into t ht 
sea, caujied the great mist to rise that do ~ 
drove the cumbrous pedant on to the Ka 

Then lie was convicted of again ectnsorting ^ 
with Sat»n aud his crew, HttU in North . 
wick church ; where they paced roaudj 
church " witlierrthins," that i^ contran' tr 
way of the sim. Fton blew into the 
to open the door — a ikvourite trick of 1 
aud blew in the lights which burned bJiM 
and scemcil black ; and where Satan, aa ft 
" niickle bliik man," preached a;;ain to thorn, 
and made lliem very angry by calliug Iwjbart 
Grierson by bis name. Jio oii^ht to hftvd 
been caIIcU " Uo* the Compti-ollcr, or Bob 
the Ruwar." This slip of Satan's dis- 
pleasing them, they ran "hirdie girdio" 
in great excitement. At this sdnnce, n%n 
and othem rjlled the graves of the drad, 
and dismembered their bodlea for charm*. 
Once ftt the bouse of David Scatou's 
mother, he breathed into a woman's hand, 
sitting by the lire, and ojiened ft lock at tlift 
other end of the kitchen. Onc« he raiiied up 
tour caudles on hhi horse's two ears, and a 
fifth on the sUff which a man. ridtnr^ wUh 
bim. carried in bin hand. Tin ■-•m- 

dles gave as much light a« tli< ^a- 

day, and the man was so terniieii '.::si ks 
fell dead on bU own threshold. Then lie 
wiLS seen to chase a cat ; and to be earned 
iu the clutce over a hedge so high tJiak 
lie couhl not touch the cat's bt^a-rL WhsO I 
asked why he hunted her, he s.-iid tlii\t Satan J 
wanted ail the cats he could lay his hands I 
on, to cast into the sea for tho purpose of I 
raisiug storms fur ahipwreck. Which, with f 
divei's smaller and somewhat roonotonoui ' 
charges, forme^l the sum of the iudiotr' ' 
ment against him. He was t^it to the 
torture. First, his liead was ** thrawcd 
with a rope," for about an hour. I'lit, he 
would coufeaa nothing. Then t'tiey Iricvl Csir 
means and coaxe<J bim, with no teller su^ 
cess ; and then they " put him to the mMt | 
severe aud crueU paine in the worlde,* | 
namely the Boots. AfUir the third alftfUi 



IJnir n «*M 7fl 

" gpeec1i!«fls ; himI Ihey, «up- 

ui [>e thn devU'is mark U'liich 

ieut, HKin;lie(i fur thnt mark, tlinl 

fery the a\>ki\\ iiili^ht be liruken. 

it, na waa nAld before, uudcr 

itli two chanii^il pins stuck up 

k-li* tl:erem. Awl wlieii they 

'- wUliilniwii, tliikt is, lifi^r Home further 

lure, he confcsfipd onyihini; fata tor- 

tttcM (ileas^tL The next day he re- 

iit<0 hitt coiilcftsioii. Ue th'AB Uk'U some- 

bni resti^treil to hiriisi^If, anil hnd mjutterett 

wcjikneii of hia aguny. Of coutie it 

I dechLTLii th.\t tho ileril hnd viaitcd him 

krWif; the ni^ht. Arxl hnd luarkcd him 

Ji, Thvy s\!iU'ched, tut fuuud Doihiii^ ; 

ill rcvoiiL;t', they [ttit him to the torturi! 

Itnt, he r<fnirtiiied constant to the Inst ; 

hU gridvoiis tnrttirea with most 

rfMti«ncc and fortitude ; and dyinj; as a 

kve man knows always how to die. Kiud- 

tUtat tt'>*hjn<; iiion; could Iw madu of hiiu, 

I and burnt** in tlie Castlo 

ii^'h, on a Satunlaie, in tlie 

I I'l JiiitiiAno InKt past, 1091." 

^fmt) WI15 t)lt^ IiihL vicL)!Muf the grand batluo 

ti» the royrd wiLch-limiter. Others 

I follow, tlie maiui'-r of whose finding 

nguhu- enough. BailHe David Seatou 

half-crazed acrvaut-girl, one (_iei!li» 

wiu>^.- conihict had excited tho 

iin of her iiiaiAter. To maU-^ 

: her: firat by the "pillie- 

or thumbuerewa, then by wreueh- 

Uudlu'/, or thrawing litr head with 

[rop«. But, not canfe.isiiig under nil this 

(Ly, iiltR WHH searched, niid the mark 

" ad OG her throat. Whercou abe 

fliy coTife!)Ai><t^ accusing amongst 

the defunct John Fiau or Cuniug- 

nes Samjwon, " tlio ehicat witch of 

dl" at Ha-iilin-iLoii, A^nes Touipauu 

hibnrj^h, and Kuphemia Maealzeau, 

ol Lord CUltouuhall, one of the 

■■of tho College of Justice. Aj^iira 

1^ trial caiuo lirst* Shti was a gmve 

B-like e<lucatt!d woman, commonly 

i-Uc ** gmco wyff," or " wise wife of 

and, to her waa ns^iirned the douht- 

Bniir of being carried to Holyi-ood, 

t kit-exaiiiiut-d liefore tlie kin;^ himaelf. 

who quietly and tiriuly dt-uied all 

Aie was charged with, Hut— after 

^ been faateoed to tho witclic:!* bridle, 

^wittiout sleeps her head ^itived ana 

rAWii with a rope, BC&rchcd and pricked 

loo coufeMed whatever hhuipnemoua 

her accuKcr* ctioee to charge her 

»iho wondrous ediBcaliun of the kliigly 

liulcr. She said that ahe aud two 

more witehes went to sea on AU 

irecn in riddles or tiorefi, mnking merry 

inking by (he way ; th:it Uimv Innded 

lierwiok church, where, taking 

► lh»y danced a round, saying : 

■ btfoie' commtf |{«« )B, 

(i < fee Ucfor* ; cwiumer )cl uie.** 

She said also that Geiltra Dunc»n, the 
informer, went before thetn, playing on the 
Jew'a harp ; which so delighted Gracions 
Majraty to Iiear that he sent on the iuatntit fur 
GeiJlia Duncan tu play the sjime tuue before 
him ; which she did : to hin "great plciwurc 
and amazement." Furthermore, Agnes Simp- 
son coiifeaaed, that, on asking SaUtn why he 
hated Kiii)» James, and wished so gi-oatly 
to destroy him. the foul fiend jmswercl 
"because he is the crcateHt enemy I have," 
adding though, that tie was " uu homme de 
Uieu," and that he, Satan, was powei'le** 
agoiiiat him. A pretty piece of fljiUtry ! but, 
it availed tho [^•oor wiso wife, little llor 
indictment wau very heavy ; 6fty-thrtie counts 
tu all ; fur the most part curiug diBe.-Lie by 
incantations and charms, and foirutclling 
events, especially discise or death. As nhe 
went oti, weakened in Ixtdy and fevered in 
rnind by torture, ahe owned to more mon- 
strous thiugii. Item, to having a familiar, 
the devil in shape of a dog by iinine Klva, 
whom she called to her by saying, **Uoli, 
master!" and conjured &w»y by "the Ijiw 
be lived on." Thia dog she canned to app'.'.'ir 
to the Tiady of Ivltnistoun'n daughtura, when 
she calleti liim out of the widl, where he lay 
growling, to tell them if the old lady would 
live or die. Then she said slie caiiHiid a ship, 
'■The Grace of Gml," to inriah. For helping 
her in tliis nefarious deed she gave twenty 
shillings to Grey Meill, "ano auld sely puio 
plownmn,^^ who usually kept iho dour at the 
witches' conventioua, and who had AllcmUtd 
on her in this ihipwreck adventure. Then .the 
waa one of the iuremust and moAt active in 
the celebrated atorm -raising for the deatruo* 
tion, or at least tho damage of tho king on 
his return from Denmark ; giving some 
curious particuhirs in aildition to what we 
have already read iu Fiiin'a indictment : as, 
that she and her sister witches baptised the 
cat which raised the storm, by putting it 
with various ceremtmted, thrice through tlie 
" chimney cro<jk," and fastening four bones 
of ile.-ul men to its four feet. Whidi processes 
it mo^le infaUiblc as a storm-raiser, and ahip- 
wrcckvr general. 8he was also at all tho 
famous North Berwick meetings; where 
Dr. Kian was aecreUry luid lock - opeucr ; 
where they were bapti:«ed of the tioud ouu 
received formally into his congregation ; 
where ho preache<l to them tu u gicat 
black man ; and where they rilled graves 
:jid iiteted out the dead among them. For 
all which crimes Agnc4 Sampson, the grave 
matron - like, well - eduaited grace - wifo of 
Keitli, was tied to a stake on Cattle Uill, 
and burnt. 

Kuphetuia MacaUean was CTen higher 
game. She was the daughter of Lord Clifton^ 
hall, and wife of Tatrick Moserop, a man of 
wealth and standing. She wa^t a tirm, hcn^ic, 
passionate woman, whom no toitures ouutd 
weaken into cunfeasiiU), no thrents tcnifr 
into aubuuBston, Shu £>ught her way iuoa 


80 U«ir ». wr J 



by inch, oaiag every legal power open to her, ' 
l>iit aliH wu "convict" at last, anfl cou- 
demiied to be burut alive ; tlie Kvcr^st 
Bu'iiUnoe ever pronounced against a witcli. 
Tlitrre ia good reh*oii to bt-lieve tliat her 
wiLchcrafi wn« uiuile mtrely the pretenci.*, 
vliile her political piedilct'tiouB, tbe fheiul- 
•Jiip fortbaEarluf rKHtiwuU,aaJ burCalti'.ilic 
religion, were the real grounds of tlie king's 
enniity to her, and tlio real caunes of the 
•bverity with wlitub sbe was treated. Her 
indictment contains the ordinary list of 
crinir«, diversified with the addition of bt*- 
wltcltitig a certain Juvenh Douglas, n-lioau 
love she cmvcd, and foumi beyoniTlicr power 
to retain. Tlio young wife whom Dougln^ 
ninrried ood the twti children she bore liiiu, 
also canio in for part of the allf^K^'l rualeficeut 
enchantniRtitA. She did the "luirna to death/* 
and struck the wife with liukuu^JL She woa 
alM acnused of the heinous criuie of c;isting 
her childbirth paiiia, onec ou a dng, and ontic 
on a eat ; both uf which beasts xtux di^ 
ti-actetUy out nf the Loufie — u well thcy 
nii.i:hl — Bud were never seen again. Auu, 
once, lou, she tried to ca-st them ou her hua- 
bani) : without effect as it would «eem. She 
was also accused of endeavoiiKug to poison 
her husband, and it was manifest that tbeir 
uuion was not a happy one — he being for the 
iur«t part away from her : and it was proved 
that Agnea Sampson, the wise wife, bad i 
a clny picture of John Moscrop, her f:^ 
In-biw, who should by these eucliantuitni-? 
have dwindlcil and died. But failed to do as I 
he was witch-biddeu. So that these crime*, 
with others hke to theni, such as sending 
visions, and devils, and sickne>«, and death tu ' 
eY*!ry one who stood in her way, or bad ever ' 
offended her, were quite autlieient legal causes ' 
o1 dfnth. And James could gratify both bis 
superstitious fears and bis political animosity 
at the same time, while Kuidieniia Mncal- 
b^an, the tine, biave, handsome, passionate 
Enpbeniiii, writhed in agony at the stake, 
where she was bound "to ba eoosumed 

In mxteen hundred and »>ig})teei), Margaret 
Barulny, a young, high-vpirited, and beauti- 
ful wuraai), was accused, together with Isubi-I 
Insh, by a wandering juggler called Jubn 
Stewart, of having applied to hiiu to be 
taught macic arts ; ana nl»o of baring, by 
■oroery, shipwrecked the veaael and drowned 
thecrewof John Dein, her hu.ib:ind'a brother, 
with whom and with bin wife she bad lm<! a 
quarrel » short lime ago, ending in her 
biiuuiug against tliom a legal action for 
slander, Margaret denied the charge : poor 
Isobel, for her part, tl«*r|.*ired she had never 
•eeu Stewart in her life before ; though he 
asscrtei) ho had found her moilelling city 
figures and clay ships, in company with Miu*- 
garet, for the doatruction of the men and 
vessel aforesmid. A black dog, with fiery 
eyes, and breathing ^vc from hiti nostrils, 
formed part of the oonclave : and one of the 

priucipal witnesses, laobeVs own child of «t| 
years of age, added a black man aii ^ 
Isobel, afttrr denying all and sundry uf -j 
counts aj^uiust her, imder tortui-e adntU 
their tiiitb. tn the uigbt time she fgfl 
means to cacape from her prison, whii:h wm 
the btdfry ; iu claniberiug over the rtinf of 
the church she ' ' ' . un-l died tlve dajri 
hftc-rwarda. M - then toi tured ; the 

juggler IukI sti.iH;^;<-<i unit^lf: tuid ^he was 
the laat reroainbig of tUm "coven." The 
torture they use<l, said the noble Lnrd Com- 
aiiteiohers, *' wan M.f^ and gi-ntle." Tliev [»it 
her two hare legn iu a pair of stocks, an«i laid 
on them iron buia one by one ; augm*-tiUDg 
the weiglil by degrees, till Margaret cried W 
be releiiaed, prouiiaingto confess the trut 
they wishetl to bear it. But when re La 
she only denied the charges afrcali ; so ih^ 
had recourse to the irou liars again. Whso, 
aft«-r a lime, t*he shrieked aloud, saying: 
" Tak oU"! Uk off! and befoir God 1 wUl 
show ye the whole form ! " She then coe- 
fesaed ; and in her coiifeaaiou include.! Iiob«l 
Crawford ; who, when arrrste^l — as sbe waa, 
ou tlie Lustant — made uo defence, but stupe- 
fied and paralysed, admitted all Uiey cboM> 
AlMrgarei's trial proceeded ; sullou nnd de* 
itpniring, she absented to all that she wu 
charged with ; when Alexander Drin, h«r 
huiibaiid, entered the court, accompaniod by 
< ' vvyer. And then the despair which had 
L over the young wife pastie<l away, ai]4 
,-.,,.; .iirmanded to be defended. "All th 
have coufcArttd," abe said. " wiw in an aj| 
of torture ; and, before God, all I have ( , 
IB faltw and untrue ! But,"slte a)lde<l, j^aib 
caHv, turning to her husband, "ye have k 
ower long In coming I ** In spiU of her le 
defence, liowever, she was cjndeumed ; 
at the slake entreated thttt uo liarni should 
befall IsoWl Crawford, who wm utterly and 
entirety iuuocuut. The young creature wii 
striiugicd and burnt; beariugTiei-aelf bravely 
to the lost. T«obel was m^w triid : 'niUa 
theosaislaiit uiiniitter of Irvine, Mr. David 

Dickson, ha<l miwJe earnest pr -■ ■ 'hhI 
for .'pening her oUIurale nn<t ;^i 

sIiH waa subjected t(i the lortui. .is 

laid upon her b.-ue shins, her ia 

tlie slocks, as in the case of M „ ar- 

chly.** She endured this torture "a«iii 
without any kiud of diu or excl.i i. 

eufferinjr above thirty stune ofirnti to !•« 
on her legs, never shrinking then-at, iu 
sort, but I'timaiuiug, as it were, steaity. 
iu shifting the situation of the iron bArs,^ 
removing them to another part o( her sU 
her couBlancy gave way, an Margai-el'M | 
done ; and she, too, broke out into horr 
cries of **Tak off! lak off!" She then _ 
(eased, and wjls sentenced ; but on h«r exe_. 
lion she denied all that she had ailmiltejL 
iuterrupted the minister in his prayer, anil 
refused to pardon the executioner. Duf 
bad made her toad. 
Wo must jtaas over the eeoros of wiLchei 


P«lr3\ l»7.1 81 

ir! I .\iiil biirutoo inch 

' CN- t.1 on sucli an one 

wie \.l*k ci'Mic," Sic. : rAining tlie 

Dg tltBTusoa by iiiciuiLations ; fore- 

kU ; cliHriiiinc '' ■■ lo love, 

ext« mi^ht be ; - ■ oiw to 

e-" - • - ' ' women ; 

I !*■ i-ilrawii 

, & -.- ... jua triaU 

c.< 1 Ten the niunea of tbe 

a 1-jUiWva B^-eciiii coui- 
:■.-<] fur (he piirj>oae of 
:ji llie aeilerunt of Xoveni- 
Ij; bow luauy nnf"riiiiia.t*« 
1^<lfJ^^'<l OD tliu oh&rgfi lieaveu only 
W« have llie records of but on*" — 
utici&rv Court ; anrl they w»rt) tried 
•orta orcourtit, onlituiry .autl eitra- 
'J. It WAH the' amusement ; 
w«qM h*ve tnkcu a witKT nii'l a 
mmn than mny living kt that time to 
uru^J the tide in furuur of tbe |*o<>r, 
Ktwl wrvanto of ibo '*c1eiL" Though 
tiw OrthoUc Bull of lonocent the 
1, ra fiKirteen hnniireil and eij^hty-foiir, 
[>erBf';ulin:; zcnl of 
(ft, yet Cnlviiiistic 
.■iii«:rij)i/i the iiapacy in her 
nd [tound out blood thftt will 
md^... . ,, i...^ hiatorjr, so long m that 

-o crinuon pages rapidly, 
oiirae to the witohiid of Auldeamc, 
o^oll fl'.'Wdie'a coufe-^i.ni9. 

'em that I(>qW1I Gomlie vnua 
Ny John Kincaid, the **com- 
-the ScottiiU Matthew Hop- 
red btfore she in«d« her 
:^h« VMA prob&lily & wild, ex- 
tic, whou raviu^a ran iu the 
*gtoovf. -*'■ r thnn on auv pnrclv 
tvMttc' '> was not ao mucb 

i»el. . . i by insanity. She 
by rtatlng Low. ilifit oup day 8ho met 
111. il- m in;i Iter Utptiani, put one 
crown of ber head, and 
'if her foot, making over 
.y between ; he, aa a 
. y man," sTaiidiug in thti 
uorcfa at Auldcarne, reading 
xjok. Ittobell WAS baptized by 
lipr i.'wn Mood, by the name of Jauot, 
th was one of the nto«t devoted 
eOveo, or com^RUiy. For, they were 
" Into eoveni, or Kinds, under proper 
' Lea'Iera. John Yuun<r waaolBeer 
1. and the nnmbcr eoiu|K>aing it was 
'^I'bey '^■T7t Uiryugh tbo o^iuary 
of 'rbey dedtroye<i 

h^] r; 'ig* i dug up uu- 

-:, aai cot Ihera into 
n'ith toads and fitiga, 
tu^ lami as tbejr west, to make it 
i': tfac7 roda oa itrawa, which ttiey 

made into horses, by putting them Itetweeu 
their feet, aaying, '* Home and battock in the 
drvil'ii name ; " and liobell went to the Und 
of fatirie, where she got meat from the 
" Qiiet^n of Faerie," more tlinu ahc could rnt, 
Tlie qiipen waa a comely woman, bravely 
dir^yed in white linen, and white and brown 
ctothea; and tbe king woa a tine man, well 
favoured, and broati-faced ; but there wore 
elf bulls, " ntyttiiig atid iskoiUing up and 
down there," which frii^hteiied iK>or laobell 

rely. They took away cow'a milk, too. in a 
>erytHld manner, — by platling a tether the 
wrong way. and drawiHgit Wtween the now'a 
bind and fore feet ; then, milking the tetlier, 
they drew the cow's mUlt clean away. To 
restore it, it was necessary to cut Ibe witch- 
line, and the nnik would flow back. Of 
course there were clay pictures of any who 
offended the witches, and tberefore were 
df^irvd to be pat out of the way. All ilie 
male children of the lainl of Parkin were 
doomed in perish beoitue of a clay p dure of 
a licile child, which was every now and tliea 
laid by the Bre till it shrivelled and withered. 
As jackdaws, baree, cata, &4\, our witclies 
lAsded from hoase to house, destroying dye- 
ing Tata, and beer-oaika, and all sons of 
tliiuL^ which their ownen bod forgotten to 
"sanctify;'* and whidi omiasiou giivo the 
witclies their power. 

In her next confession. Isobell went into 
further particulars reapecting the conatitulion 
of her coven. F^ch of tbe thirteen wiiclies 
bad a spirit appoiuted to wait on bor Swiriu, 
clothed in erasA-green, waited on Marg&ret 
Wiljon, ciJled Tickle -nearest -the -wiud ; 
It/jrie, in yellow, waited on Ihrow-thu corn- 
varl. The Koaring Lion, in sea-green, waited 
ou Bcssio Rule. Mak Hector, in groas-greeii, 
(a young devil this!) accompauit^d the Maiden 
of the Covt-n, daughter to Pickle-ncarost- 
■ the-wind, and called Over-the-dykc-with-iL 
I Rjliort th«> Rule, in sad dun, a commimiler 
, of liie spirits, waited on Marcaret l^Kiie. 
Thief-of-lieil-wait-ai»n-herself waited ou 
I Bessie Wilson, laobell'a own spirit waa 
the Ited Kicver, and he waa ever in black. 
' The eigliih spirit was Kobert-lbe-jakes. 
aged, and clothed in dun, "ana glatkea 
gowketl «piril, ' waiting on Ablc-and Stout ; 
the ninth was Lalng, serving Betwo 
Bauld ; the tenth was Thomas, a fairy; 
but there laobell's questioners stopped her, 
and no more information waB given of tbe 
spirita of the coven. She then told them 
that to raise a wind they took a rag of doth, 
and welted it in the water, then knocked it 
on a stoiie with a flat piece of wood, *inginig 
a doggerel rhyme. Sue gave them, too. the 
rhrmes necessary for tranfurmation iniit « 
bare, cat, crow, kc^ and for torninc back into 
their own ehapHi again. The rTi>Tnea ar» 
unique ; tbe oulv rhymes of the kind to be 
fouud in tbe whole history of witchcraft ; 
but wo have not stace to transcribe thna - 
for laobeU waa » mighty talker, aad toUi 


8S [2«1- 1^ H^J 



much. Once though, the wiis ncftrlv CRupht litlle Jight into the heavy hraiM of • 
M a hare ; ehe haU juat tinio to nin Whiiid n I mnt aud sTipenfttitmiiii riilera ; foi 
cheat. lh« dora pantlog after her, and to even be darfd imt po eo far '-.^ • 


"lUirl hwrt God tend 1I.6 cftirl 
1 Bill ill ■ brnrifl liknci now, 
Hot I hII Ve n wnmui cwiu nowl 
Hair! burl GodMott lliicur!** 

restored her to her proper shape 
hut they had a hanl tjiak-niaster m 
He often beat th^-m ; especinlly for 


vruuUl nnddenly appear 
theui, aaving. '' I ken weel t-nough whftt ye 
are saying of mo ! " and foil to aconrgiiig 
them like a fierce Bchr>ol- master with hin 
■ohoIiirB. AlexonJcr KUier wna very often 
benteii. He waa very "Bofl,'* aud did 
iioiliiiipr but howl aiid'cry, not defendiii? 
hiuiBtlf in tlio leasL Buty ftlarcnrtt Wil- 
son dtflcnded heratlf wiih her iKuida, »n<i 
iJesAie Wilaon 

existeiioe of witchcraft alto^ 

"Saddnce«i"(.f K.H-h.i,.! v,m 

" next to the ^v I 

Mid too forwju ; .. 

IhouMiidd as guilty of tiiu cntue.' 

iDBtaiiccd out of Ilia own knowltfdjje, a 

Kor weaver convicted of Borceiy, who, ou ] 
ing asked whiit the devil was liko whcs 1 
he Ap[> to hhii, answercdj " like flla 
him Black Johiiuie, which they dancing about the caudle;" and a poor I 
do amnnj;at themeelvea ; when he womnu naked him seriously when «he wil | 
nnddenly appear in the midtt of ncctiacd, if a |>ers(>n cunhl he a witch and nut ; 

know it ? AnolJier, who had confca«rd judi- ' 
Ptnlly, told him, under »ecrecy, *• that she hfid 
not coiifeat be..-au«e ."ho was ipiilty ; but, being 1 
a poor creature who wrouglit for her in«at, 
ilie knew bhe wouhl ntArvc; for no perKaJ 
thereafter would vithor give her meat or] 
lodLnng, and tltat all men would beat berl 
^ and hound dogs at her, and that, therefon^j 
would speak rrusty with ' she desired to be out of tlie wurld ; whrtM 
longur, and would be beUiog at htm apon she wept moat bitterly, and upon berl 
sonndly ;" bo that on the whole the fiend kuw-i called iJqd to witness what she said"! 
hud hut a riotous set of servants afu-r all. Another tohl hint that, "she waa afraid tlifl^ 
Jjiuet Braidhead succeeded laobell Uowilie devil would clmlUmge a right to her after she j 
in her madnefts. Her cttnieaaiou, made was said to be his servant^ and would hauul 
bvtwecu Uobell's thinl and luurth, fuUowa her, aa the niinister sjiid, when he wju) 
in precisely the Dame track. 8he» Uke her deairing lier to confess, and therefore she^ 
nnh:i|ii»y predeeeasor, gave the nauies of , desired to die." 

nunieruus respectable people whom she A poorwoninn in Liuder jail»lyiTi;r the 
a«#ei1.ed were Wlongiug to the various \ on chiiryt^ of witclicrnftt sent for Up 
covens. Sheevunoccusvtl Iter own husband of of the Unvn tonmke her true confeSM 
preseutitig her for the infernal baptitiiu ; and, was of reiterated nets of sorcery, ihii. 
aa the conlcsnton of one wilch wad sufficient miiuster did not believe her, l>ut ascriiicdl 
for tlie coudemuatioM of all named thertiii, this confessiun to the devil. However, llwj 
it is mournful to reflect on the number nf woman pei-»Uted, and was taken out wilh thsl 
innocc-ut people the wild rnviugs of one or rest to be burnt. Ju^t bt-fore her o:iccutioii,l 
two luniiticu could doom to misery and sheciied out: "Now, all you that see insj 
(■htmie, an<l a felnn's cruel death. Any* | thisday, know tliat I am now to die a wildi| 
thing was enougti for a conviction in tho*e by my own confession, and I freo all iirtit 
days, A muttered curse, un angry threat, especially the niiiiiKters and magi.strateis 
a little more knowledge than the rest of the the guilt of my blood. I take it wholly ( 
ueigblKiiirs, a taste for nolural history, an luyself. My blood be upon my own head: 
eviF temi«r, or a lonely life, auythtug was | and as I must make answer to tlie Hod o| 
suthcienl to Insten the reputation of sorcery lieaven jiresently, I declare I am a» fr^ or 
on man or woman; aitd that reputation I witchcraft as any child; hut heiii 
once fastened, then Indeed the happiest, as by a niatlcioua wontan, and put . 
tlie moat fatally certain, thing fur the suf- nuder the name of a witch, disowi 
ferer was death. life wouhl have been but husband and friends, and seeing fin 
one Ioi)g martyrdom of want and shame aud ho[)e of my coming out of prison, i-i 
inenlt. coming in cre<!it again, through the t«rf 

'1 lie delusion at but wore itself out. The tion of the ilevil I made up that confa 
lalestexeculion in Scotland for witchcntft was on jmrpose to destroy my own life, 1 
that ot an old idiot-woman iu seveuleun hnu- weary of it, .-xnd choosing rather to dia , 
dred »nd twenty-two; but even before then, to live;" ami so die<i. Ev^u after 
in a'txteen hundred aud seven ty-eigitt, a sua- George Mackenzie's noble book, howef 
pected witch had known how to get legal ' ths witch-fires were still kept burning] 

redress against some who had tormented and 

priuked tier. Sir George Mackenzie, "that 
noble wit of Scutlaml,*' mhs nuiinly instru- 
mental in puttingdown the horrible pliAbtaay 
which lay like a curse on the laud, and blighted 

hundreds of innocent creatures, hundreds 
desperate, insane, or ruiued wretches wi 
bound to the stake and burnt to ashes, 
tfae»e foul and ridiculous utiarges. 
young, the old, the beautiful, the noble, ths 

the whole race ou which it fell, llin t-lo- 1 mean and the wcaltliy, all were fair gatfii 
qneut, forcible, aud manly reasouinga let a i alike. For witiicsseR, — the testimony of ft 



lMyii.iwr.1 88 


I yeara of age wna taken ngiinst the cnstle anJ dontaiiifl. Tlio death of tlim 

; ttiid a girl of fourtecu ¥fiia ainUUe anrj t;viiei*t>UN prinfle, the very con- 

iu A (i('or»u6d witcU by a child acaroo traat to his cold-hearted father, prevoiitHl the 

|tayment of the money, exwpt three ihrMisimd 
ijouuds which, aiToated hy ^u^f0^^.hy huuda 
before it reached Sir Robert, never benc- 
6ted hirn. 

Keuilworth remained to the crown, and the 
heir was forced to exist on a penslou 
graiitcil him hy the KranilHluko of Tuscany, 
whotu) wario frieiidAhip supported him under 



MTsTKiviira of uU Liiids unvtron tho mfr- 
jBory of Robert Dudley, E.trl of r^piecster, 

tlie (jrriud favourite uf <,^ue< h. lie |,i8 severe trials. He waa held in hiyh honour 

Bifd {Krculiaily prone to : ineUiu byforeij^n BOTerei^ua,and the tiUeoI'dukc waa 
ward predicauieiita by Li'iitriirUiy nixr- bestowed on him by the Einjwror Ft-rdinand 
e* which, if dUcovercd, wt-rt* mir& tu the Second. He had niRrriod bel'ore h« 
;^ upon hiiii ttie wrath i>f hia JL-alo«a qnUtwl Knijlaijd, a daughter of Sir Thonnia 
vniii TiiUtrpttfl i'hnt h.« w«ii renllv the Leiyli^ wlio, for suHie nuexplftiiie-l renatMi, re- 

di-icovercd, wt-rt* aure tu 
t)ie wrath i>! hia jt-aloua 
au<i vniit uiiHlreiii. That he waa really the 
linab.'kiid uf the uufurtuiiate Amy Rotsnrt, 
the hcroiue of Sir Walter Scott'a iuiioiiahiu 
novel, caiiQut lie poaittvely aaserted ; but it 
•eeiiia a rect-iveJ opinion that he waa pri- 
ely married, or elue that he feigned a 
riaue to d<<cvive the Lady Douglas 
Klibcdd, tho EDorher of hia aou, who was 
JffiJ Sir Robert Duiiley. 
Do fate uf t)\^ young man is peculiarly 
iHiriuji hid UJOther'a lltctimo, the eaj-I 
bet;iatie the ackuowle^lgcd hu-^band of another 
if, and it was nut till alter hin futher'a 
kth that he endeavourvl to prove hia Icfli- 
Kenilwortli C»stlo waa left by tbe 

niaincd bvhiud in Kii^lftTid, nnd died nt the 
wlvanced age of ninety, adored by nil her 

She lies buried in the Clturch of Stone- 
leigh in Warwickshire, with her daughler, 
tho aole flolace of her loner bereaveuicnt. She 
bears on h^r tomb the title nf Alice, Duchess 
Dudley, and n^tove her effigies, benenth » 
canopy, are ihields of arniR to which royjil 
jealoii'ay disputed th« right of her hus- 

This is a curioua storj*, and invcdvea 
much mystery. Who was Sir R"ltert Utnl- 
.„__. „- , ley? An entry in a nmnuwcript, at the 

l to hia br^nher Ambrose. Earl of War- fj-g^ school of Shrewwhury, tella of r 
k, for hid life, but to descend on the'c^rtnin son of the Earl of IjcioeNter and 
tine of tliat brother to Sir Ito be rt Dudley, Quei-n Elizabeth." Waa thia son brought up 
be names in hia will aa hia son. It by Lady Douglaa ShelTield, whcwe mHTrl;ige 
nl lliat he came into poaaefiaton in a waa never pnj\-ed, and was the M;ti«leii 
lOrt lime, and then, probably from Queen, aa baa been aiiBpected, In truth, pri- 
K)£i he obtained, resolved to esta- y-ately uDite<l to her Huhject ? 
uudoubttf^l right to the estAlce he Was UiIk the cauae of her disinfltnation to 
Ilia fath>^r*d gift. ^ nnme her aueoesaor, and wat thia the reason 

'of Sir Hol»ert'a bflnialunenlt The fnie of 
ArnboUa Stuart, warning the heir of Kenil* 
worth that those who had even & dt^tnt 
claim to tho crown were never in aafely from 
tlip cmel nnd crafty .Tam»«. 

What became cf thoxe papera so carefully 

aealerl up and not permitted to ace the light? 

or rather a ooramaod, waa pidOverhury kmiwof their exiateuoe 7 Did 

bud pruL-eediii^a been commenced 

' ruptly concluded 

lurda and per- 

r<i..- .:..t all the dejioai- 

.rought forwanl ahonld be seaicd up, 

I copies taken without tlie kiog'a ajwcial 



rt to irtrel for tliree yc&ra. Prince Henry euapect their contenta, and did 
Ich time, in consequence of, -v^^-^^^ript. whw. i. wdl i««.r*«l mA v^ 

btiliut^d ub^nce, the eouauferate JVing . tidily lUtimtimttr>l,oiM«1>«)u»g«d toaTloiDnnOitbnllc rirw 
»riz«d hia caatle and cstatea for the I of shrow«I'iiry. who lofl/teeohundrodwidfiiiyfirw »«■ 

gtaerown. tJlhcerd wi-re sent aown | ^^„f„^^,dt„u.« &ubtUh<rfL'h..n:h.»i.dii -r 

axui • 

Lii to make a survey, by whom it 

' '*v.^"the like, both for strength 

1 alatc, waa not within tho 

f»r iixly yiMn- Thli vktw. wlm waa r. 
UjrcUur, mkht ni't two been fii«nily to li ' 
(itic«n: i«nTll»c«lue"l»'«a^ In hi* tuiml ■.■u tS-.- m.iii;-u 
of the book miiy hflvo bwa » pluf^ of millco. It U. liow- 
•vcr. r.;iiiAr'*j^il»iO Uiat ftn ftltctniit bvi ^•vi> ti-.-K: W 
ci! . , but HiMUCC«»fuUy ' 

t>i. . 't rcruilitff to be ^ 

V. . --■xi oihoT «onl«, iu i 

Tno tTitry raM m fwllrtws: '■ . 

I itttor rUitu-mvoBt, nUua Q. B - 

LylMrtr." TliU U wntlen M th 

11^.;, nearly at Ui0 be|{innln|r of tho book, rir-t Jt llw 

U.II-HH ihor* hM erldBntly Wit more; but a •)(>»■ 

\-ivct! Iiu'l.lci. . u1. mil .if II. J \-i^l •I-.trrnrc tim "rcrr-i (■ 

i.g Jnmea aincerely regretted 

::.;.Lciuu8 abaeocc of the youii^ 

oil worth abould have obliij. 

kohargo of these estatea ; to nhu., 

Ine^a ho beatuwed thetii, nut 

■rite Carr, but on Ida aon, Prince 

■ 'ill his oiifitomary nobility of 

[ hid reiulitiuM to pay to the | i*r*jn« ^ 

..I., ^>l ICiIkmI, the aura of fuurteen *[„J",' ',',;.(; » . >* n t-^,v t-^ -»-. . ■.' « r, .■ n.i. 
I fire hundred pounila, for hit title to oBrt(B»«atnrluUwpart"l»HAmBoJibookal aiiwwiturr. 

64 [Jttv M, m;.] 





ners*t a<lvise tlie means or conc<»liug 
; Uiiowltdge fur ever 1 
n-c fattier of f»ip Alice, the wife of the 
banisheil Sir Robeit, was Sir Thomas 
Leigh, Altleniian of London in £li»ibeih'a 
lime. Be iMjuyht Urge eatatM in this 
part of Witrwickahii-e, nnd built bis 
notise on the Bite of an nbl^ev. It is 
» curioitft fnci timt his de&ccrwUi>ia were: 
itiuiich fri*;iidfl of the houBf^ of Stunrt, niul 
e&rricd tticir devotion to Bucli an extptit that 
Ihev reiuMit)«d pArtinans np to thu close of 
tht) U»>t c«'iituiy, chi>rii4hiii{{ K hostile fcetiiig 
tuwardit the leigiiiiig fumily, and dw»flluii! 
on twry cirLMiruBtwice which rtH.*jilk'd tli-- 
nieniMry of the old. l*oitr:iitH of the hlutul? 
atliiiiied tJit;ir liidlfi, ueiuunBlB of the Stuu'ta 
Btinouiided them on even '^ ■'- -i -1 tliev 
livi^d in solitarj' glnoiu, bi r the 

futf.' of that ill atirred r.'\w, iii. \ -^-nt to 

thti moving and advniiciiig world hcjrund, 
by whom the Stuarts were grf»dn:iUy for- 
gotten. Tlie last lord fell luio a st.ite of 
nim>dy depreuion, and on his death and 
thai uf his siBter, tlte e«tatfl pasifcd to another 



Not many years »go a very hu*g© part of 
tbe soil of Ireland waa under the control of 
the Court of Cliancerv. EverybtMly knows 
wh»t an affectionate interest that vcnt'mlde 
iniitilution takes in all the concerns of life; 
liow it meditates ou all the coutlicting 
relulioiif) of man and property ; how it heara. 
Inquires, ptinders, doubts, untl lingers. It 
may be easily imagined, tlieu, with what 
special filriesi* it applies its unwirhlineaa to 
tbu e><m|i1iCHted dctAils of lau<) maimgenietit, 
and what blessed results must folluw from 
the i'stfemed olHoial method of doing every- 
iHiily'B business by deputy. The followitig 
skfteh — from my own experivnce — of an 
Encumbered Estate, and huw Chancery 
stepped in to eet everything to right^f. will 
aSbrd an illustration of the system, ancl give 
one more repre&euUtlton of a ph.iae of Irish, 
life which, by no mt-ans new io fiction, is 
hajipily becoming more rare in actual 

When a mortgagee or jndgment creditor 
wished to get in Iiis money, the owner of the 
Iniiila charged tlitrewith being, of course^ 
unalile to pay, a bill was filed m Chancery, 
praying that the lands mii^ht he snid for the 
discharge of the debts, aud tliat in tli9 mean 
tinio a receiver should be apjiointed to 
collect the rents, which were to be apnlied, 
first, to the payment of coats, aud secondly to 
keep down the interest on the encnnibrancea. 
It was A very rare ci i eumstance indeed when 
any anr|<lu8 remained towards the liquida- 
tion of the principal. 

To prepare nn eal.ate for sale — to make out 
the title — to take an account of all the debts, 
dentanded much labour and often involved 

serious and difficult questions of \av. 
years were comrooiily spent on IJ 
The lawyen* and receivers y '"' 
Ciittta and expenses, and felt 
to hurry matters, .So it ! 
that receivent remained in uu' 
setfisiou of their yntBia t'jr nw^ 
glowing grey or dying in th- 
transmitted the o&ce as nn r 
their sous- During all this time, tiie 
tunate owners were ousted fitini 
palrimnny, and were not BullVred to intc 
m the manairc-mt^ut. They might somdt 

' ' life the progress of 

! i-ral ihfy Were <iuiesc«D^ 
Mij-iiiiri IP. 11, >■ cijudy terrors o( thn Uv, 
or ]>< rhnpt unwilling' to ]>rovoke the loo 
8|>«edy investigation of a dubious title, or— 
which was juBt aa likely as any other rra>*:i[i 
— being so deeply encumbered as to be ' 
out imeivst in— and conse^^ueiitly indifi^ 
astowhatliecameof— tbcesUitu. If'.mc 
the owner, as was sometimes the cft«<;J 
allowed to retain [>osseiisiou of Uie dwela 
house and a few acres of land, he beiTame m < 
interested in delay aa wy ev^ry one con- 
cerned except the cre<Utbr9, who, how ever, i& 
thefurmet'stateof the lawcould not hclptbera- 

selvea. The tiie:uture for the *• ' ' ' - 

b^rcd Estates iu Ireland, on<l < 
have reiuoverl many of the imj i ;.. 
hiiile<i at, and have thereby not a Utile] 
Iriliuted to the preaent and growing 
perity of that countr}-. 

I was once induced to become th*i rr'^TO' 
for a property in Tipperary by :i 
attorney, who being concerned for i. 
tiff in the cause, stipulated with mc iJi^; 1 
should appoint him my solicitor: also a 
»i>eete« of plurulity now prohi' ' ' . " 
that time common, ."uid protli, 
abuse, ify rlutica, acCnnling l-. m-^ i 
tation, would be of a hj^ht aud pji 
nature, flifording the opportunity of it 
a little money by the agreejiblij methotl of a 
summer excursion to a pretty c-mntry. It was 
Tipperary, to l>e sure, but this estate was , 
of quite an exceptional chanictnr, nml the i 
Tipperary boys, after all, wtr 
black as it was the fashion to ; 

C'nrttlcss, aud full of conSdence, J 
to introduoo myself to the tonni.i 
received me with great i«Hpf- f 
each cottage the lumaiea ae- 
to the next, and when I id.i^ . » 
remoto part of the l.iniU, more than a 
from the road, 1 found mynelf Murn^ond,^ 
forty or fifty stalwart specitncua of i 
peasantry whose evil reputation h;i 
over Europe. Smiles and words ot 
met zne wnerever I turned ; yet tiu. 
was bold, aud implied, I fancied, a connciuui 

f)ride of their prowess aud their fame. T)i#T 
ooked daQLterous, in ehort, and Id' 
pmdent for the present to snf>pres8 
and severe iliscourse which I had 
upon the duties of tenants, the righ 



U«ir », M7.] 8A 

- of the Court of 

to niei't me for 

■-. Ml tile neighbouring 

.'-nv woF'ls, which were 
> :ui.i complimenLiry 
liL - -_ [XiiLiiMeAhiii;; in liiwas 

laociety, ** Mny jour honour live lot»g 
I over iL-«." a:i J " It U e&sv tu know the 
Duri," wfi-w ciiiTdlil iiallvriee with 
eitls in blAriit^y. 
lie next tl«_v a few intiugbt TOoiifj,— 
brought only excuses, which were 
{ialjMl>ly fitUt) or »t'«-nie<l very Uke 
soiiie of tht* t«nituu ili'l not sp* 
Lbut^hll who Clime \ttvi a etory of ^rier- 
o[>pr<.iK«ioii etitferad ut the hAtiiliof 
: wui eliil a yotint; nmu, havii 
9ie estate from hia fitlher whi. 
^btl'l lCKAre«I in utter Kllenessi, «ithouc 
HtJnn, nnH m the unrentruiued unliilg^ce 
iprice. he no nooner obtniiietl 
of hia pro|x;ny than be 
. iuiu ihe wU'lest excesses of fully ami 
l^aoce. Uiiving quickly disaipated 
Qga of a long minority, he boi-rowod 
on (itoctgHU'ttt &nil judgnu'UtH; in 
, l»ecoutiiig iinaMo to luise more 
ttia wiiy, oiiil sorely jir^i»e<] by 
Ml)arrtusmetit8,hebad recourse 
. of a cruel and unacrupulous 
IngeL.' citarteil p<jirit« of h^w, broke 

lM«r«,au<i raided the renlH, which lie insinted 
on being jKiiJ lo the day, iiUhou{jh a hanging 
gaW was thtf uaage of the country ; audit the 
swervuot iiptotimn,he(listr;iinedwilh- 
ay'a delay und withoul notice. He 
1 them to lend hini money, and when 
' wuuM allow no credit 
1 cunij>el them to pay 
1 withuiil ni«rcy. His 
OJfk ;M--''d iu tliL'lr fiel'ta, 

ft-., . ,, ^ L ii-iiiflolf to wbatcvtr 

him of thrir property. So ni.^tti-r9 

' tvro or three yt-arx, the landlord 

re and more deeply involved, 

degnuled and ata resourcea 

ate ', for, as the tenants became 

grew more cunning, im well aa 

fiiirce, and it wna neither so iiro* 

^nur »o eiuy to cheat and bully them 

~ - . "' in'g that these things took 

try, the marvel ia that the 

...... fMa-sauta did not turn 

■ onprc^eor. lCxaii)]>lea were not want- 

ktbeir close ueiglibfuibood of a terrible 

tkom for ft teujuit's wrongs. But whe- 

kwaa that tlie agrarian code bad not 

Uietl to that hellinh perfection at 

't afterwards arrirwd, or that a linger* 

rk of personal afieotiou prompted their 

Doef it is a remarkable fact that they 

any ofK-u resintance to hia uut- 

lieTer by any overt act resented 

! nlthanL'i] muny of his ^Dcucdings 

i ootor.ously ilk^al, not ouft of the nnfor- 

tonate people ever went to law with the 
master. Indeed, tl.e probability ia, that so 
aneaking an attempt would have been iniltg- 
nantly reproliatod by the Iwly of the ten- 
antry. It. was commonly Hijp[.)<i<ied aUo, that 
a chojten band of the moat rvcklL-** spirits 
watched over the safety of the litDdlord ; and 
thia circumstniice, or the prevalent belief of 
it, may have deterred any hostile enter- 

Like the farmen and peasantry of other 
countries, the Insh are grviit lovers of 
field apoits ; ilr. Kiyg was ardent iu the 
pursuit of every ii|>ecie« of game. A debt 
incurred for lopboo!8 and other hunting gear 
was the uuclfus of the targe eriiMiinbrHiioe 
whii^h was the immediate cjuwe or inrttru- 
iii.'iit ..f ],.^ 1111 1, ; tiie pUiiitifi' iu the cause 
Z, l>eing a celebnited boot- 
lendcr. Almost to the laati 
Mr. Kigg krpt nor^es and hounds ; and near 
the cbjse of his career of diK!»inF(tiou,illiappeued 
more than once, while he had no diuuor to 
eat and none to help him, that ho being 
on hia keeping, that \#, hiding from the t>ro< 
cess of ill'-' c-.iuft, bii« favourite hunter, which 
he coidd not bring him«elf to part with, waa 
plenLifally but steultluly supplied with oata 
by 'Ia i^"tTi1s; Jind hill dugs were brought 
h' I ir coitajrea and siiarod their 

clii. .i-iile. Their landloni had spent 

his boyhood amongi^t them ; they lia<l catered 
for, and been the coinpaiiiuns of hi.s uniuse- 
meuto, fur iu the field he w^xs free and joyouM 
u in business he was moroac and hai-sh. A 
community of enjoyment a a strong bond of 
attiichueulr and Lta influence never wholly 
failed away frtim the mind^ of the rough 
but kindly peasants. Master John, tbey 
called their patron in the wild da}'s of hit 
youth; and the same familiar and atfectionate 
style of Master John they cominufd, oven 
when most embittered against him for hia 

It would be hopeless to attempt a de- 
scription of the confusion into wliich the 
property had been brought by Mr. Eigg's ex- 
traordinary system of management. The 
bounduriea of the farms were nnxcttlmT ; the 
lauds wei'e full of ftquattcrs, many of whom 
had formerly been tenants and bod been 
ejected by the landlord. These iuter- 
lopera of course paid no rent, an<i were 
omitted from the rental, or list of tenants 
and farm% which the owner gave in for my 
use and guitlance as receiver. Tlus document 
also containeil a statement of the arreard of 
rent due, and, as might be ex{«etei], made 
no mcntjon of the monies which many of the 
tenants liad a^lvanced in the name or auder 
the pretence of tines and loans; and in most 
case* there was a supprea^sion of the agreement 
to grant leasee in consideration of these 
ativonces. Utterly vain was the efVort to 
arrange such complicated accounts, or to 
recuucde the rrclamatioos of the tenants 
with the obstinate demands of the landlord. 




80 tMrii.ti«Ji 



Id th(Nie ilaya the Court of Chancery aelduin 
ftlmleil reiiUf or rcmilUd urears, and was 
alow to nilupt uny uiiuaual steps la th« con- 
duct of tlie aiTaira of nu estate, unless with 
the conwut of the inheritor, or owner. In 
this ctise, the iulieiilor would conaeut to 
nothing ; with t% proper amount of vigour 
uid activity un tht* part of the receireri all 
ivrreiu*8 could cjuilv Ite got in. After thijt 
hint of what I wiid to expect if I should 
bvtrny a. weak compulsion for the pour 
toiinutu, or Any sillily distaste for the task 
apfMfinted nie of ^riinliiig them to the duitt, 
I streled my rcAdlutiiiu untl buckled on my 
lu-mour for tl>i> cnitutile iij^ainst the rebellious 
Vfisfuils uf RiL-Khi^tljirAEin. 

Piwaive refltstanoe van the order of the 
day throughout ttie estate. Not only 
thoHtf were recusants, who had reason to 
think they had bceii cheated or oppressed ; 
but, the lew who had uo real gnevanco to 
allei^e, tAkin^ xdvaiiLa^e of the geiienil dig. 
onlur, fltit tip fictiti'tiis claims, and played to 
admirntion the obstreperous luaKyr to land- 
lord cmelty, JTor two years the cont*'Bt 
I'dged, maiuUiiied on one side by a whole 
uiny of iMtililfit and other minions of the 
law, by jwrpcLual tuMZures of crops and 
CAtUe, public catit^ or sales by auction, by 
civil bill-proci'nscB (actiuns in th^ Ct>unty 
Court), and by writs of attachment i&iuinc 
from Chancery, — and obstinately encountoi ed 
ou tli't other part by rvscues, hiding from 
tho officers of justice, making away with 
crops by night, by tho occaaiounl thrashing 
of an unlucky baitttf uFter nmkiiig hiiu diuu 
on his uwn process, and by the exi?retau of 
every »|)ecies of evasion, in all the manifold 
varieties of trickery, which tho native inge- 
nuity of 'npperary-boys and the practtttt^t 
craft of quarr^r-seauioiia atturueyacuuld suj;- 
geat. A certain excitttment •wtisi not wanting 
to this chaos of embroilment ; but afler a 
while, the inglorious strife l>egan to weary 
niQ, and I wab dUguste'l by the loss of 
time and the smalhtew of profit ; for the 
amount of rent received was AnMll, and itiu 
labour was consideridjie. Meuitwhtle, the 
expfnsea tu thu estate were very great, for, 
in addition to the forces kept on foot and 
pandicl with the movements in the field, u 
series of pmcecdings was carried on in the 
Mfkster'a Ottice in Dublin, by the machinery 
of witat are called Ktatonienta of facta, con- 
tuning reports of our doings in the country, 
and recommendations of new nii'-aHarea to be 
adopted. These often provoked op[>u«ition 
from the owner or the creditors ; and nume- 
rous attendances and much debutes ensued, 
to the huge pleasure and advantage of the 
jwofessionul geutlemeu engaged. 

There were five brotliera named Martin, 
occapying, ou a remote part of tlie property, 
as many farmn, whiolt originally funued onu 
holding of about one luuidrcd and forty 
acres, and had been in p<^8se4jriou of tht*ir 
father under a lease from Mr, Kigg'a prede- 

cessor. This lease, Mr. Rigg cane 
alleging that the divttii>>n amon;;»t tlio.J 
sons had wrought a forreiture. H'- • i-n-iiei 
ably ioorease<l Lb« renli*. and i ' 
thorn separate Icasea, provided ' 
ui advance a sum equal to a year's 
which was to be nUnwed in the IwBt ye 
the term. Hii- ^'-d the money, 

eva<le<l the *^%fc lie leaxe!^ and dis- 

trained T- .;-ry lialf-year for the 

rent. In rcntil, he entered (hem 

as tenanla U'cu _\ i.'itr to year, and madai 
mention of tlte ju-omiaed leasea or of 

aniiif wl i.'li !i..-v- },.^,i ft/Uiini-f--' ' -vli 

ask> .[diLuatioD, 

the 1^ 1 -nreiher, iJ.__ 

the niiHiey iiad been given for the good] 
on their entering their farms. The 
were so vaguely worded as to throw no I 
on the mnltor ; the old lease had been a 
up to the landlonl, who destroyed it, and 
unfSrtouate Martins had no documentary 
evidence of the agreement. They rvfuKod 
to pay any rent, unless tho lease* w«r« 
granted, which the Conrt could uut do : 
unless tliey wore re]t:iid their advaneea^wii 
Mr. Kigg neither would nor could do. 
90 they were left to the mercy of tlie Uw, 
and the extreme rigour of the Court, wliidr 
it was my duty to enforce. , 

These MArtiua were all tall and athlat&s 
men, with dark eyes and a quick and lively 
eiprfrtsioo. They were above the order vi 
peasants, and two of them were the hand- 
somest Bnocimens I had seen of that pUvA- 
colly noblo race. The beauty of theii ' ' ' 
Wits rjuite remarkable, aud the r> 
gifts of pence and toys, which I l> 
them, quickly won their favour, which ' 
iii>t wiLhuut its iuflucnco on the 
with whom I wa^ more f>opular than^l 
unpleasant nature <4 my busiueas with 
led me to expect. On my first visit, 2 
warmly received ; they hoped now to ~ 
justice ; they told nio their story, expm 
a wish towlive at i>cace, far tlicy bad 
sorely harassed, huvertheless, they wo 
pay no reiit,a» they hml not got the lea 
nor been alio wed the ntunry they 
advanced. I distrained the corn Id 
haggards ; but, in order to save the ex^ 
of ImilitTd aud keepers they wcre porsui 
to give security for its produi'tion .>ii t.b»^ 
of sale. The auction waa* attr 
themselves and a few neighltout 
at fair prices, of course, iu trust fur Liie I^lar- 
tins ; aud all ))Assed olf quietly. They had 
not yet abandoned all ho|n}H of a settlement, 
and were unwilling prematurely to provoke 
a rupture. 

Six months afterwards, having fiiiJcd t» 
arninge their ncconnta, the landlord refos' 
to yield, 1 |Utid tho ^^lLrtiua another visit,! 
found Ou>ni livil, but on the subject of 
inlracLibJe. They would never p;iy n peuix}*, 
nor give up their faj-ms— I might do as 1 
pleaded. There was an ouiiuoua air of pr^ 


\ln and 

nc 1 


I prpcnuttoti about ttteni ; the 
closely sliut Ufi ; the doun imd 
■ ro I'a-t^nfd, aiiJ were omiiuil 
worH M Itonoor that I woulul not 
• n werf puRteil ftt thn 
of the hill to pons ihe 
atiy h'_'-l'l': 'leni'ttitfj-Ttlioii ; fitid the 
' lieeii (Iritei) utf the IjiihIs. Fiiidin^ 
ins ii»cx<>rftl.l»7, I gave tlipm itultct! 
niuitt prijctt''! Lo exlnMiiitit h ; niiil 
Oie uextihiy wiUi l»ntliir>4, I n^iEeii 
r w« cr.ulii hij lmn'l^ on, which was 
e in ftiUition to tliv prowiiigr omps, 
ftt thnt tinte mi^hl h« taken in distre^w, 
ocea^ioii knepei^ were itl;iceil in 
ontil the Bile could take place, four- 
kjri lat«r. They sU-pt on thctr post, 
iwJe i^Irunk, niir] ih« iieL;;hlxjur3 
:, And, b}~ the light of a bnlliant 
moon, i:-cfl.[»cd the com wid carried it{ 
laud.-t, where I could not follow it: 
lournnd euepR-ion traced ittolhe 
_rCain itihtice of the peace, living' 
15, ainl wlio aearcely thought it, 
!•) deny hia complicity in this 
ifit of Inw. The thing wna noturtuns' 
gli, hut evidence couhl not he obtained, 
Diattprwaagleaiicd to fHi'ui)>li itnuther 
■nt of fftcts ami nfiolh?r hill ofco«t«. 
cliiiu of what g(^da were left was 
by crowd* of people, plainly bent j 
nliiig any purcUrises being made;! 
rtliiiffly the lot« were, one after the 
r, knocked t\own for a few pence toj 
Dtii ot the Martins, and of course for; 
m. X niiidc one or two Uiddinga on my 
nt ; but, finding mysftf dcclwrU the 
ten shilling*!, of a huge damp of 
pett) about a <[U:irtt^r of n mile long, 
\ would 1>P im[»>-.*ible to dispose of, Ij 
•pvcnintion, und let lhiti'^4 take their 
The ajile btrely piid tlie Rxpensen, 
iy ihnwe<l the dett-rtui nation uf the 
[ to bock UiO MnrlLos iu tUetr coutu- 

" ' • r-'ct If it did 
euliAr cUuJi 
. .-..- . .K o-uien, whicli 
cn-Hlcd and foatered. 
int the kni;;'ht without 
"• the i"ec>eivcr and his 
, I to omplov Beveral of 
iitry. The principal of the gang was 
• TTian of a till and alight figure, but 
i<.\ Hia Anns were of un- 
d-ular, and stii^n;;; hia eyea 
Iv.'-.'-ixiiuF, and had a atealthy look' 
|1<il aroided your (raze, but with any' 
■ " ■ Aould fliiah with a cruel and' 
'i'lri, lie had been recom-; 
.... .ifl the ^'i-eutcBt rufRan inj 
Indeed, none hut a nifflau eould 
Jy perfurni the duties required of| 
nd Ilia fidelity was in some measnre 
by tlie f*^nr and detestation with 
t-h lie wna regitrded by the people, 
aour MAcribed to him many desperate and' 


rnlhlesa deedd ; and lie was supposed to feel 
little atTiiple to ahed blool in self-defence, or 
in the executiuii of his ordura. Having once 
bceu act upuii, he slew otio uf bis asaailanta, 
and woundii] two or three more. Such was 
ihti fame of tlii^i and other eiploits, and audi 
the terror of hU pruweM, that tliid man, 
hated ns be vras, could paaa alono and uuiao- 
ledted by dny or iiiglit through the moat 
di-^turbed diatriota • as tlie crowd retired 
fnuu his path in tiie niarket-place. a grim 
pride in the awe which his preaence inspired 
would kindle a baleful light in bis eye, nt 
which the brKtundent would ahndtlciingly 
cross themselves. He had no ajtsociiit^^s 
except bis near rt:lativea and hia profeHHional 
colIeagueSf and wan not afraid to occupy a 
lonely cottage in a wood, half a mile from the 
town, and without another haV'itatioa near. 
At the time I ma>lo hin acqunintanee he 
waa, I suspect, liceoming weary of thia 
e«trAni,'pment from hi* kind, and was not 
unwilliui,' to come to terms with those whum 
he had biltierto de8pi.<(ed anil dt-fietj. I fancy 
there waa an undenttauding between bim and 
the peasantry-, by virtue of whi^-h he played 
into their hantitt, and gave them secret in- 
formation. Yet when extreme measures 
could no louiEcer be erndcd, or if hia blood 
waa up, the derce and savage siJtrit revived 
witiitn bim, and he wa? as rcckleui and as 
cruel ti8 of old. Whilo in niy employraeut, 
however, I lielieve he conEiiatently lietraved 
tne throngliout ; and although opportunities 
were not wantiu'j, ho did not display that 
dnring nud aidnio»ily to the peasant clua-i 
which had made his repntatiou. I felt he 
wail not to be depended on, iu a moment of 

One of the Martins had struck and fright- 
ened away a keeper, and bin affL-ncc having 
been duly re^mrted in a stjitement of fact^ 
writ of attachment, nominally for non-pay- 
ment of hia rent, i^ued a;,'a)UBt him ; ami, liy 
dint pf much prcseiug and tiircateuing, the 
dilatory aberiff waa ut length successful in 
arreating Iiim. On being brought before the 
tuagiatnit^^ at petty session, thoy thought 
proper to let him go witliout bail, nn his 
promise to appear on a future day. Peter, 
nowever, neither paid bis rent nor obeyed 
the BumniODS to go to gaol ; wherenjwn the 
constabulary were ordered to take him ; but 
they were not over-zealous in their search, 
and gave me to undemtand tliut they had 
positively ascertained he ha*i left the country. 
Shortly nf^crwardu, however, iu one of my 
vt8it,<) to the lands, I observed the fugitive 
riding leisurely along the slope of the oppo- 
ait* hill, about a quarter of a mile off. Ke- 
turuiii<{ hastily to the town, I informed tlie 
sub*in«neclor of t.H>lice of what 1 had seen, 
and called ujton him to do bis duty, warning 
him of the serious consequencca of furtJier 
neglecting the orders of the Court. With 
some confusion vftud prodigious buttle, ho 
summoned his horae and a party of bis men, 

80 IJulya.WT.] 





and ciillnped KW.iy in pi^uit : bnfc the bird | 
Lad flown. Fflvr fl«^>l in eai-ncst this time, i 
and wftB uercr secQ again m the neighbour- 

We hnt\ wholly &iled to Bulidiie the con- , 
tnmaey of th« lentiuU. No rent vm pn-td ; j 
ftnd the wriU nnd ordwra of the Court of| 
Chancery were disregjird^J, not only by ihe' 
]XNis.tnlry, but by the iiiai>iHtr:Ltt>H And jxtUoe 
alike. WhcUier thin was owiu^ tu the slow 
and unwieldy nature of the powcns of the 
Conrt. or from ejmpathy with the tennnt,-*, 
and di-like of such a character ah Mr. Rii^i;, 
it in not ea»y to deterniine. The Mattt^r, 
however, wae of opinion — on a new itat^nient 
of fiicta, and HfUir much Ji«cu«»ion by counsel 
for all iturttes in the suit — that tancrh ^ynteniA- 
tie and eonkinu<.sl dm'^bedience and contempt 
of authority denwiided unuttuid renu'dies. 
He therefore directed a cnse to be Inil 
before the attomey-j^'eneral, who advUt'd that 
tlie receiver Hhould reiH)rt the lutacumluct of 
the constabulary Ut the authorities at the 
Castle, and that I should bring an action 
a;jaiti3t the miii;iatnUe« who had diacharced 
the priAOhi-r witluiitt U-til. I fl.ttly tefuaetf to 
do cither the one or the other. It wa<i my bu- 
ainess to coUei-t the rents ; and trouble and 
danger enough did this bring me, without 
thruRtioff niy hand into another hornebi' 
nest. \V ere I to attack the police and ma^is- 
trateSy m suggested, they wguM, of course, 
becoiue deejdy iuti'rc&tod in probing and 
sifting every part of my oroceedinss, to dis- 
cover nonie flaw or irregnlnrily which might 
rcleaae them from re8[>otisd>iiily, and over- 
whelm mc. However, on it^ being repre- 
BCiitcd to the Master that the conteniiilated 
jirocfodings would \>e expeusi\'o, ami that 
thei-e were no funds available, he Mnthuri»ed 
me to wait until I should get in some ruoney ; 
but we always »o tiiued our statement of! 
focU, and so oalculated the cc^Ui, that there 
QevAr waa a penny iu hand for so dangerous 


The afTur, however, began to look serious. ' 
The cr«dr©i>r8 had not yet been paid a frac- j 
tion, the tenanta were in open rebellion^ and 
the unprofitable contest seemed likely to lant ! 
for ages. There was much gnunblingamongiit ', 
the parties to the cause ; the owner and 
others talked of holding the receiver aocount* 
able ; and my snrettes bocomiug uneasy, 
besought me to resign the office. This was 
now neither safe nor practicable. It was 
DeccsHary tliat 1 should first signalise my 
Keal by aome strcnuuii^i effurt^ which nhould 
disarm opposition and bring me in triumph 
" through the office.*' 

Meditating a eoup-de-main, I set out once 
more for the country. The tenantry were 
prepared for me, and as soon ea I arrived in 
the neighbi>urhyod, me*<eiig«?ra {as I afler- 
wards lcarnt:d) 8c.ani}'icred olf iu all ilirectious 
with the news. I followed immediately with 
tuy bailiSs. A portion of tl^ csU-ito covoreil 
th« slopes of two gtinlly rismg hilla^ which 

commanded a riewof the ron 1 *^ • * : 
the bottom of the valUy. N' 

our cam deacrifd, thmixh ulill a. - j - 

than hornn bi;«an to blow, ami men 
seen hastening to the spot from all «14, 
We dnahed nu with -peed, but w*t« only ' 
time to see men ou hnr«i^, wiOmut saddle or i 
bridle, riding wildly about the fields, anj 
driving tht- cattle uuidly before them. Tlis 
plougliniaii left h)h pl".>u;^h in the furrow; 
the carter almndoin'ij his vehicle in ihe lane; 
niiumting tlu-ir lH--ftatjj in hot ' ' ■ ill 

p.ill.ptd nw:iy_ We found fo^-' ■Aip 

slillnuss, ■where all had been lil-j ..i.i *y a 

minute bafore. The houses were shut n[^ 
aud not a soul waa to lie seen ; we wlthdrtw, 
bautkcil in our enterprise, and orestrfaUm at { 
our faUure. 

Next day I left the town, allowing the re- 
port to circulate that I had returm*d to nublm. 
Alaklng a coiiRidcrable circuit, I 
another town nlNiut ten luilea dietan: 
remained quiet for four or five tlays. b:t,u:i^ 
out on the sixth day at sunrise, I met a 
strong force of baililft* and In I ' \p- 

poiiittnent. It waa a lov.rly iii;i. tu- 

j in^ when we draw near the lau.i.,, li. ^ i,. ihe 
hi-.'h-road, but across the tielis at the bottom 
] of the hill, where an enemy's approach nooU 
be least expected. AH wha still in the land> 
sca|i« ; the smoke of the lighting fir^i in tbo 
houses rose high and straight in the dewy 
jnir; the cattle thickly studded the p^sturei^ 
and a rich b<>oty seemed at last within our 
, toilsh Spreading my men across the meadowy 
some scores of fiuu cows and oxen were 
speedily collected together and driven alt>bg 
a boreen, or by-roaJ, which led fr»^ro the 
bog to the highw.iy. In leas than balfan- 
hour WB were within a hundreii ■■■'■-'- ■■' ■'- 
roa<!, and were congratulating > 
complete and easy aucceas, whcL - 
rude blast of a horn smoLc our enni, foltoi 
by loud erica aud screams ; we then 
tlio houses burst open, aud men ant 
rushing forth, m:iny of them hnlf-dr 
and scrambling down the steep hilU to \ 
themselves iu front of the herd, where 1 
were about to debouch on the r. • " T ' 
ing to the van, I found a mo 
the path, and with voice and > 
back the cattle, which, pressed 
and rear, became frantic wilK i-. i,.^;. 
rushing maJly to and fro, overlumisl , 
the drivers, and in spite of a!I < ir 
contrived to escape by plungiii / 
hedges or leaping over the vali 
the lane. A huge ftdluw, with a imM tf' 
black as a smith s ought to be, and to bU 
shirt, waa consjucuous as be roved altoiitj 
wiehling & great club and bellowing Uk« 
a bull of liiahan. AcoosVing him, I 
he was committing a breach of the 
and meuaced him with the penalties ofi 

" To hell with you and Uie law," was liii 
sole reply, as he whirled hia stick arouud hii 

it dcaoendiiig ou oiy akull, 
injBalf np for Iwt^ when the wifo 
'. liO iroiii llie lop of tlie wiJI 

^•crcti, ftDil i*u«hetl n«iile niv 
, HO tliat his mighty «troke fell 
' nir. 

\ Mack hrifcr, Simon," alio iTie«l 

lilh, "iiho'U bo out uii Itic 

liile )io weiit off iu cbace of the 

f, Mre. MAitin B«iztf<i lue by the ariu, 

ling rii4' tliroiigh a ^ap in Uit* op)K>- 

V, wliidperol, "Be off with .v^ti, , 

with ^ou ; some of thtae striuigt^rD ' 

you ; %ec:itrt be suro of llii^ni. ytn 

T, ADil it'ti iH-tler lur you txi gu al 

«m«il KDxioui to convluce mc thnt 

lilif |>eople who knew uie wi/tiUl ilo 

uariu, but this forW-iiranoe tii-l not vx- 

kiy luvii, ngniiiat whom Ibv wotiiru 

$y violent Lining thu wntU urnl 

liicr WttVi^d their arms aixl ationteil 

^ttlt-, tht*D tumeil to «c()l<l u;^ with 

biUivt that niL^e hti^;:t'sU!i1. Some 

thad alones tie<{ up in ihe L-oruefM of 

,vith wliich ihey gnve one or 

tiliffd iim.-irt blown euouj^h. Iti- 

er were partionUrly .irniiil of 

[iKXorui, aiitl disi without filianic from 

I of the luaded ^pion. Tlit! hfiriiit 

bout erasing ; many shota were fiivd, 

9wd c«>ntiiiupil to in(^T«a««. The 

hop«lcftHly dti|KrMetl, galloping 

_■ the couutry, itill urj^ud by 

«iit(; tbiit my force wu too 8I11/1U 

rith tlie nu^ry pnoiile and nnwdltiig 

' I A further colIiHioiif which iiiiiflil 

Jahed, I fulluwo*! ttiti advi'.'u of 

J wito ittill n-iuiiiiied hear iii« 

bLle of the ditc)i, ati>l ci'lii-t;ti>i^ 

[ KcroiM tltti (iehbt. unii'l the 

tof ih? urdwd, And pursued 

•tone«| and h t;ciicral UU- 

r fire-arms. 

eot At onoe to the iipuiest jualioa 
Olid lodged uif«rin)ilioni( fur Uie 
fcnd r--"'!!^. The vnlioiit chief bn-ilitl 
'•reathitig flit- uiid flUiutft.ler. 
iin^ to tiint, c>iii-i»Utl of 
liii'.A, n»a.riiig for our blood; 
he iWort-, were aimed at uie ; 
- ■ 'bble« tAkeu from Hi» 
I I - iitAt-o-iKl of balls ; Aud 

... , ^.id thiee or f<jur liin[»- 
bllf^nt Iho hel^Miia ^'tkVe 1|)l< ulTuir 
bus iMpcct, eo Ihut much coire- 
tu\i3i Ittiiwceu th« lUAtfialiHtvs, 
', the Cutle. 

uo (if it, Hnd uot oue *»{ the 

ered piiinshiuent lor hi* 

fRgal prowedintf* of thftt djty. 

WAS uoublh>)M dua to tlie re- 

DdnttM of nty nii'U, who.Hl'tfii^h 

tl»*ltthb*iarhon«J, nud ne<vs-*njily 

WUole popubitioii welJ, never 

^ " " the (lUXM of Auy of 

llie Holers. Even tliosu with whom tbey 
had chiacly gmppled and filrn^gled were so 
d)8gtii»e<l that ttivit* motbers would not know 
them. lliey could only remember tjio 
nnmeii of the women who wore mnkiuf; penue, 
aud they could not, or would not, identify 
one of the rioters. Stmou the smith I 
miLdib recognise, but he kept, oul of the w.iy, 
ftnii the llireftteoed proeeculiona fell to tho 

Am for mt, I had doDA cnongh. Od« inor« 
(riuuiphant iitat«meut of facta, describing 
my oilventurt*, in U.ugu!i;;e as glowing as iha 
teehnieal nature of tbetw cral'bed doeutn?nt« 
wcMitd admit, and euUrglug on the peril I 
liiiil incrurreil in the diKcliurgu of my duty, 
iuid in viiidicaliu^ the uuthority of the Court, 
put to aileuoe the caviU and iho ^ruiid^lin^ 
of the disL-onttrntcd creditors aud the au^ry 
inheritor, and even won i»^ i.jtu. vijij ou my 
7.<m\ from the caustic ^ In tha 

6clat of this HiicwK, I 01 I ive to re- 

sign the receivership at thv ex.pi't)9« of th« 
eaLale, nud went no more to Ri^'gb:illyrnuh. 

lite MHrtiiiK, a« I a(terwnr<l« heard, held 
out f<*r two yeai-6 longer i ftnil then the livo 
fiimlies went to America with the money 
whicli should havu gone to the Inndlord, or 
ruthtir to hid er«ditrii-H, aided by the ronuider- 
ii'd>; faiinit, timuuuting to three or four yoara* 
rent, whii-h they rec'-'ive<l for tho g<*od-will, 
or leuanl^rigltt of tlieir farms from other 
teuauta 0> the JAuds who thouiselvcM p»id uo 
i*t*iit ; and, who, while thuA puri:luising iieir 
HoquiAilions, pleaded poverty an the excuse 
fur their default. The pro|>erty betatme mora 
and more flter|>ed in panpeii:im and d'uKjpleri 
until at l>?ttgth it was clcnrcd out by ftiniine 
itnd emigration. It was iiltimntely s^ild iu 
the Encumbered Estates C\>urt., lor nboul one 
third of its vnlue, aud htu siucc bet^nme dia* 
linguiufied fur iriujqudllty nud good farm- 
int^. Mr. Bigi: hau vaid^hcd, no oue e:ui tell 
where; his name, nnd family, and I tru»t bis 
example, are now unknown in Tipperary. 


TnB Rois de Boidogue is now tho most 
beautiful |>iirk iKiSMGnaed by the Parismns. 
It w situated to tlie uorth of the capital, at 
tliH distance of about a mile from the tiar- 
riOr«de I'Etoile. 

'Hie Kure»t of Itonvray, a portion of which is 
now cidlc<l the iViis de I{<mlogne, w»a, of old, a 
Hmall peitiDsulft formed by an itrni of the river 
rieuiv. Althouj;li the tir»t ollicial toc»i:nitiuu 
••f ita exlfiteuue appeared iu a douumettt 
iatU'Hi by irfiuirt the Eleveutli, ap)x>iuting 
Olivier le Daini. hia bai-l»er, Gntnd Slaitter of 
the Woods and Korests of France, the Forrat 
of Kouvniy hoMii a pnnuiueut pl;tce in the 
clnonictea of prtor kinga. JVa fur back as the 
C'>itimouceroent of the thirtt.futti century, 
Bcvorai rif'h i-itir'rn*of Pari* rp,4<dved (iit two 
train hiails did only the other day) toexpiat« 
llielr sins by making a pilgriumga tu a cliaiwl 


90 iitiif%. tm-i 


pvj iimnj 


cnntAining n crlobrated fronsro of the Virgin iit 
B(»iila'/iiB-«iir-Mer. On llicir relnrn, vrishine 
to hand down to iMintvrity n, remembmi»re of 
Uifir pidua zcaI, they determined it-> build 
ft clmiiel on a Hie jKisscascd by one of them 
h\ the F(«rest uf HomTny, exnotly «iniilar to 
Utif cui» thi?v had viidted, 0>t Apiilicftlloti to 
thf kin<;, th^ royaX {icrniisstun was Bf>eedily 
ji^ranti^rl. Wliou the chiipel was built, (he 
inimenBo&'/M'.'Dnrse of pilfi;rim« rat«Je it iipcea- 
ttnry to pmvide nocontmodatton for thoni 
in the Ticinity. A little vilU!;e arose in 
ctmrso of time, and received the name of 
B<'ul";,'ne. Chiirles the Fifih, a few yeai-B 
afuTwrntU, hnd (ii)mmi<r rui^ideuoea built for 
hintsi'lf and court nt a short dir^luice frnin 
Autolium. on thu tiidc nfanwito Fiiiis. Tliia 
group of houses formed the nucleus of the 
Tilhige of Vasay. Kroro its proximity to the 
cnpitnl, and on nccount of lh« excKllfnl. hutit- 
inj; MpHind it :»tTurdwI, tlie Fonwl, of Roiivray 
bei'inne one of the favourite resorts uf anc- 
cenivc French kinn. Chateanx were built 
HDd ronds were miulo for ttirir convfnirUi.^e 
and pleflsnre. Orftdmdly, tho three little 
villn;;*'::^ iiicicafle<l tn a'lz-^^tn tho diiiiiiintion 
of the forest : which at lou^^h woa reduced 
to the pru(MjrtlijnB of a wuud, with the Diim<? 
of th*« BoiH lit* Uotdoi^Tie, 

Nnjitileon Konnpnrte was the first monarch 
who made pInuialiuiiB in the Dois de Boa- 
lO'^'io. The j:reoi» of pines, fira, cedars, w- 
pre<w««, and jiint;>eri! was aiTiiUE^d to eontrtwl 
flgrreabl y in winter with the l>ro»-n Holetnnlty 
of oaks, elmii, itnd linivs, and the silvery hark 
of be^^olica. The wall which flurrouudt*d thn 
wood was rebuilt, and keoporswere appui(it»»d 
tndrivo away footjiHiU and vafrahnnds. Dunns' 
t!n' HUcfWfnive oocupaliouR of Vnun by the 
allies in eii;h'een hnudred and fonrleen and 
fiftcfu, nearly nil the trees in the Coi« du fJon* 
lopiif* wert* cut duwti and used aa fire-wood. 
lu June, eijjhteen liuDitreit and fitV-'**"*'. *•»« 
Boifi de Iloido'jue was given over by thr< state 
to tlie city of Pans, ou comlttion th:it it 
shonhl be made in'o a park, and at lc:;si. two 
inilliona of fmni*« 8|«ut, within four veiips, 
upon Its en)l>elli!(hment. NapoU-on the 'i'hint, 
it is said, di-ew out a plan of the altemitionit, 
and confided its exi^cutioD to M. Var6, a cele- 
brated French laudsfaprt gardener : leavini; 
him full liberty, however, tt> ntodify it if 
necessary. WcsIihU preaeiitly see with what 
success tiieir bilioars have been attended. 

The must important cdifi-'e iu tlie Forest 
of Rouvniy for many centuries wis the Con- 
vent of Ix)n<;e)iaiiips. This ei>iivent was 
founded in the yeai' twelve huhdred and sixty 
by laabelln, the sister of Louis the Ninth. 
At licrdcittb, which occurreti in twelve hnn- 
dreil ;ind seventy, she was dressed iu the 
rfd»e of Saint Fmu^ois and buric I in the 
chapel of the convf nt. Saint Tvonis followed 
Isal>L'l!a to the ^ave, and nftfrwanls de- 
livered n discourse full of'condnlem'o for the 
)o9» ivtuoh the community bad 
Afrufs d'Haivourt, the third Abbess of Loug- 

champa. published tbo life of I«^'""~ " 
iletdare<l that numt^i-oua miracu 
had Iwea effected through l"-r i- 
Tlic announcement of lb- 
tracted immense crowds lo i 
more than two centuries, ftuil the Ln^IirI ui ' 
them becAuie so uuieersal that Pope I^od 
the Tenth declared tsaWlla b*.'atitied by a 
bull dated tlie tliird of January, fifteeu hun- 
dred and Iweuty-oiie. Soon afterwar.l- 
body Wits exhumed, and it bec-mie a p 
the reliyious duty of all goo«l C* ' 
pay an tiiniu'd visit, and preseut 
ofiVriu^ at tlie alirinc of Saint 
I I'hus orii;i:ialed the celebrated | 
' to Lougchamps, whieh werrt rijrn ^, 

I up uutd niioui the middle of the lust ceo- 
' tury. When the convent began to 
< ne,:lected. the nuns announce<1, a« a means i 
|rekindlin|^ the r«lii;(Oiis sitbmr of iW V$ 
riaiiina, that ihe fir-:^t sin^rs of the opnif 
' Would vliant sacred music every Wcduead 
. Thur8«iav, and Friday in ivister wet>k^ 
I plan succeeded beyond their most 
! exp'^etJitlons; and ft»r many years the < 
I was always erowdei) on the three apimmt 
days, At leni^th the sinjjing wns proliiljit- 
' liy the Archbishnp of Paris, and the coovnij 
I ciaied to the pul>lic. The Pari-tiana, h»« 
lever, haviu;; become used to the Ea-iter 
I ^images, determuiel to keep tloMn np !l| 
their own way. With an eye to ti 
which they m'ouM have V«en i 
snrentitic if the Knirli^h had shown it, lUtj 
oliaiiged the pio>ia piigriiua^es to IjOti'.'olokmfM 
Abbey into guy pnnnenades lo !-■ 
for tlie display uf ihe spring fniluott 
teen hundr..*ii and eiglity-five, au Kt.^ii* 
Appeared at I^>tic^idnini]Ki in a silver < 
8|«irkling wttli precioii?« sloneH, and dra*! 
horsea shod with silvL-r. This wa^ the itf^nn 
for the muttt exlrnvuganl display of wralb 
ever witnesse«l in the French capital. All 
natural setptonce, the HeiffU of Terror cnti 
Aiid the Convent of lii^n^cli.amps Wiui da 
stroveil, and the priests an<l nuns put 
death. The promenades, neverthele^ wen 
revived under Napoleon the Firut, nad haV 
been continued ever s-inee. 

The Chumps Elysue«,tlie Avenue dcVlraTi 
rntri'-e.aud tite lloutt' de L>.uigecliaii • ■ "' 
Buis de lioido;^na, tttilt praieut an 
appearance ou the ilays of pi ■■"■-' 
toadanre ci-owded with vein 
scription ; ari'«tocrai.ic carri^i;; 
ladies in the moit fantiislicaliy beauiif 

lets ; cabs and hirer) veiiicles tilled with i 

uersand tuantiia-makcn),dr>-s9ed tiptoexhil 
the spring moiles ami novelties ; mAv 
lilting vans painted in the londest oiduiinjj 
auil cars decorate"! with gaudy ribl»ona, i 
tastefully festooued with flowers. * 
irians lounge about and criticise ll 
by, while llower-tfirls with early vn.c l^ .imi 
niarclianils ile c>co, and plnisir, circalsb 
through the crowil. The carriages iner 
go to the site of the aitoieiit convent— wfa 



piir^Mu 01 

' ?upp5que mill oft wind" 
lie Knnie nxile. 

p^. on the imrtlieru 

,<:irk ADii cliatenu of 

,,.■ ;..-.• w.TK ..•-;.-■. .-^iv a 

;; i(?r of !>■■' , _.__.__■ lie 
tiDtlft. At (icr lU-.'ith, Brt'.mt.-lic pftAieri into 
[_butfU of Oio Cvunt <rf\r(<»i5, on« of the 
6f L«^tiM tlie 8ixT«eiith, H« had 
fcrilkfii ]niUeil dnwn, aiiJ a minintaru 
huilt iti its •tcfid, which cost him mx. 
Kimlivd thon«Anil fnuica, or twenty - four 
'«. Th« W)iiiit laiil .-I wager, 
)U liniiitri-ii thoii^iri'l fraims 
ttic \^\'c<fii Mnrie AutDiuett«, that hia 
M would be built in one luontli. He 
i,lliB X-ii. BA:;ftteUe received the well- 
DAmtr of La Folie d'Artoi^. It ea- 
dratrij't''iri duriiij; the Kevoliitiou of 
ki r.'d nnd niiiety-tKree, und i« 

J . vof IheMarrjiiia of Hertford. 
the uorthern entninr« to th« Bois de 
nd there is a public estnblishiuent 
Mudrid. It ftt&nds on the ground 
^y occupied by \e chntcau de Fnietice 
elph aulle), which wiw built by Frnnv*»i8 
■t, »ud n'ceivtxl it8 natne bt^-'ume Uie 
- — - -iiJe of piiixeliiin. 'I'lie front 
with »eveml rich cuiitueU by 

i'nl'iay, and the chate.^u wna 

nvUd Tor the »iileudid collectinn of pictures 
lad statues with which it w.iji tiUeiL lleury 
iW Thini caiiaed this beautiful residence to 
i_br 'nmed into a luenajierie for wdd beaata, 
hi hulls for hU Rinusement. One 
■vrr, bis majesty dreinned that the 
i iute[)de<ito devour hiui ; and next 
b* ordered them all to li« killed. 
' ' I and ninety-three, the 
^I . »ol>i to a company who 

rt..w^ i.. .,r.-. -i.ah it. Tiie beautiful 
ni«U of Keiuariiin de PnliHsy weiu auld 
» a pdvior, and niaJe into ceirient ! Happily, 
f«w frft^menta of the porcelniu were pre- 
lEodaerTedaa moileU when the citateaii 
Doslruct^d a few yenm ainee. Tho 
ak ill tb« Boia de Bouloguo atonds o^ 
be back of Madrid la a ^rotip of hand- 
iiUaa, eitclnst't] iti pretty ganlena, called 
Thwy liave beeu erected on the 
an eilravaL'uiilIy bcauiiful anmmcr 
,e» built by l)io lamxua trenaurer of 
riliv, itondai'd de Saihl Jantea. Hf 
l<l«d hia mansion with ina^nificeut 
.«. uii uhlcL he >iiiuiiiiiJered enurnioua 
: uok ia aaid to have 
r». > I xJrs and to have re- 

fuiiy horav^ u> uiiTry the dmallest 
Knnd-ird de Saint Jaiuea failed for one 
and was imprisoned in the 
;■ ilit*(| in i^»':ii luiaery. Saint 
a, WHO im pretty cotlAgea and Riiidins 
kika bkv ao isolated bit of Saint Jolin'a 


Ta iU« eaat of the BoU de BoulognOf and 

the north of PasBV, a muette, or luiiitiiii;-lM>T, 
was erected for the accommodation of Charlea 
the Ninlh, on hi:i r«lnm front huKi'iif, 
The first balloon aacenfeion in Frarict t.Kife 
place in seventeen hundreil and eiuhty-tlire*, 
m the ^rd^na of Ta Muette, in jireyfix-e of 
the kinj* and queeo. Smm after a nionater 
iKuiquet was given in the park by iho citv of 
Paris to twenty thoi]»aud delf^^atea from 
thp de[iartmenls on the occasion of the Cott- 
federation. During the Beign of 'IVnor, 
the chateau de la Muette waa deati-oved; 
and, in eighteen hundred and tweitty- three, 
the |iark and gardena were sold to So- 
baatien Krard, the piano-foiie maker. M, 
Krard bad a handaome mansion bnitt aikd ihe 
(pinlena i-<eatored to their former brnnly. The 
green sward, the while statuary, an-I the 
many-coloured flowers ai<ound Ibis brau'ifut 
re.-«idence, atill form a l<rrely coup d'oul 
from ttie gaU of La Mnette in the Bob de 

At a abort dialanre from La Miiettp, on the 
lefi'haud side, there i» a place of amusement 
called IUiK-la>;h. lia history ia aomewlmt 
curioun. In seventeen hundre^i and afveniy- 
three, one of the hidye-kecpers of the boia 
de Boulogne, itaiudl Aforiaon, obtrtin^d per- 
mission of the Prince de SouUite, govent'ir of 
the chateau de la Muette. to erect a buil-liug 
— in iniitAt-ion of the one btiilt by Lonl Itane- 
Ingh on the Itanksof the Thames — whiclt was 
to Contain a cuifc, a reatjiurant, a bait room, 
Hud a the;iLre. It was ottent-tl with i;tvat 
success ou the twenty-fifth of July, seventeen 
hunilred and aeveuty-foiir. Five years altera 
warila, the grand master of the rivers and 
forest* of the environs of Pariii, imngtning 
thut hia rights had been infringed by the 
jiermi'Rion, issued adecree commanding Mori- 
sun, ou [utiu of the galleys, to destroy kH the 
works which he had constructed in the Elois 
de Bonlogne. Morisou immediately applied 
to the king; who, in a few days, revoked 
the decren, and allowed Hanehtgh to be re- 
opened with great splendour. This was the 
most brilliant epoch iu ita hijitory. A society 
compostfil t>f a liuudred mcmbens founded a 
weekly bidl, which was extensively patronised 
by the Parisians. The Queen Marie Antoi* 
neite, several times honoured the ball with 
h^r preeence during her stay at La Muette. 
When the ileroUitmn came, Monson, after 
!itrug(^ling for aome time with adversity, was 
compcUeJ to sell his furniture to pay bis debla. 
Under the Directory, a few young cuxcuntbs 
atlem[itcd to revive the ball ; but the people 
l>ecaoie jeiUaua, the dancers were iu^uked 
ami menaced, finally arrested, and tlin l>all- 
room taken possesaion of bv & baLUdion of 
iTuanJs. Banelogh waa then dettntively 
closed until the overthrow of the Directory 
by Napoleon, when it became once more the 
renilezvous of the notorieties of the time. 
Among olhera, Knuetn^h pro<lua«l Trv-nitz 
the dimctT, who has givon his name to one of 
the figures of the quadrille. During the 



9S [Jkir B. W7J 




oocnpntion hf tlie ullfea, TlnneUgh vtn ooti- 
vvrtc'il Btici.'paxivtfly \u*» Rtiil<leii ui)l An 
hodfiUl. N4»l loiiK kflerwu^ls, tli« builJin^ 
Wfta con»iiU'toly dcttroycii by a •torm. At. 
the restorntion, the proprietor h»»t to uImjuI 
»ix y^are for pennwioii lo rvhiuM it, VV)i^n, 
at length, he olttALned Hti Authuriuittoi), the 
rataltlishment was speeilily rM}{>t>ti««l, on ii 
Bvutt.- ofgryatniH^^uiQcence, uiMlt^r th«9 pKtrou- 
A^e of the Oiidieas de Horry, and has 
fljunrinhe*] *• ver aince;. 

The rccetit iruprovcmrnta in the Bois do 
B'J»1"KU'*. consist principdlly in th« intro'Uic- 
tloi) iif water into the wiM)«l, by the foniiniinti 
of a river, a hikp, and Bcverivl large and «>iiiidl 
potxU. The river U aituntvd nt u «liort dis- 
tAiico frrim the Porte Dtinphiuc, and extendi 
alouj: the wood in an easterly direction. In 
tlie micMle of tlie rtrt'r tliei^t are two t)4laTniii 
jotued l'> caidt oilier by n inclunwjne l>rid|-e 
made of rockii. These ulands are laid oiil 
with grecTi grossplats, aamJy serpentine 

StitltB, and iniuieuae flitches of t;<trge<pti!< 
owei-s. Pe^'ping out from among the trees 
are (i^ottrics, 8Uiiiincr-hoi)»e«, Swios coltnges, 
ond roiiiaiilic ruius. Pretty buaU trimmed 
with preru and yellow ch-th, aiid paily deco- 
rated with tt-ietdur HasK furni the oidy nHxtu 
of cnuveyaiiee to tliu iaiaiida. On the lianks 
of the river there Br« landin^'piaot-a, and 
Bcala mad-' of riM.'lts and carved no<»d. NaiTow 
fui»tp:ith!<, Iwrder.'d )ty green bniik^ and sur- 
rounded by bniful carrtiii^c^lrivett, lea<l to tlie 
aonrcu of the river ; which has been mmia 
into a nplcndld waterUII. Se]>aratcd only 
by the width of a rond from the river, is 
tita aihuit lake, where wnter-llUtrs epreitd 
their ea1irt*8 to tlte ami, and awiuius of bttle 
fiith flit under tlie watt<r. Near the end of 
the hike a mound has Weu farmed, which 
oomrniiu'ls a view over the whole of the Uoia 
de BcutuiTDe and ila uiivirona. To the nt;ht 
of the river and the Uke artificial stn-nms 
nm-atider with innumerable n'indin:,'s, and are 
epftimed here and there by fantnatic hridues 
feittooned with ivy, which >tfe reflected in the 
limpid wjilcr. On botli ai-Jas there are over- 
Lantftng treea, grcan seata, anil «h«dy bowers, 
whicn aH'<pl an atfrecablo thelt*-r from the 
•i(U in liiidauiiimcr. ^Vhere the htreams 
Jieir conrae, innnmeiuble wliirlij^if^s 
lt)4tki(r. jtint iiiiderthe f^urface. I'lic^o 
i f..l, .>.irchttmp», whvre I hey widen 
vcs. By the side of tliciie 
1 1 >te« have lieen formed, one 
lltOdOiUid and the other faiir thotiNand 
I Inrir, Opf'O'stt*' to them a ronund Um 
■ a niax^'Hcrtnt view 
I the immeiiBe }>ano- ' 
in the hanks of the, 
t ieu and St. Cloud to 
'iic ArodeTriomphe. 
las l»een ent up and j 
'''-■, witli a view to 
of duel* and 
I ;' V'yry frequent 

ore IB, indeed, « trM Dear the 

pnte of La Moette which Is called 1%*^^ ~' ' - 
uendus — the tree of the h-tngcd — 
lienceforth, the horron will lie drive;. ..■.»•, 
it is hu[>e«I, at leaat, as far at to the Boia tb 

In several parts of the Itois de 1 
immense tracts of land have been c 
into beautiful, green, i*rs9ny praihe^. Onoaf 
theiie hiu lN>en imduHed, and nimle int» a 
pleasure (lardeu, and reeeive<i the i 
Pru Cutvhin, — Catehiu'a Prairie. Th> 
are laid out In sp,-\<Huus lawns, i ■:] 

oarriajjo-drivea and gravrl-w.t ■ n 

and there ImmU and bank^ of luw. 
Thtrc is n cafe, a reading-room, a i 

phic eatidditibment, a Ifb" li- 

niftchirie, by means of wi 

otnvt^rAe at a diHtance, a i 

rikl puppet-shows, atwl v.iriutt3 other amuss' 

raento. Eighty thousand treeR and ishru^ 

have been distributed in cliuttirs owr ths 

garden, which is brilliantly illuminato'l every 

evening with coloiimi lamps, 

Prti Catelau derives ita name &nm a 
broken cro«s standing near tla i 
eutrauce. which marks the site of h 
ahlfl tnigedy enacted in the bV-rest of i 
towarda the end i;f the thirieetith cent) 
During the reign of Phdip|»e le 
bYauce there livM, at the court uf Beat 
Savoy Countess of Prov'-ii.:-. n vcxwl 
miTi>ilrel, named Aniaiid < 
w-ifl the moat ce)ebrate<t _ 

epoch, the French king wwlird lu «tintrt 
hiiu to his couit, and ttent a letter lo IVatru 
begfiiog her lo allow Catclan to eotna 
spend a few montlis in Paris. ]W*a(ria 
litT conitent imineiliately, and thctroal 
highly tlatlerfd by the inviuiioD, sot out 

his jouniey, accutnptmied by r^ 

carry his baggage. On airiv i ' 

was told that the king wan >' 

manor of Phwmv, and desired Ii 

thither. Oitelan rcKumed hi* jm 

to rwieh Pn-Hsy liofore iiii;htirtil. Whea 

arrive*! at the outskirts ot the Forest of 

vray he met a eom|Miny of soldiers, whtM 

captain informed hini titty had liern *f»nt fay 

the king t« protect him. '] ^ 

evening were cloning in fiiat as t 

their march, (:;at«Ian walking m n:,ut 

v-raing with the capuin, while his 

fullowoJ with the soldiers. Suddenly 

oanttdn said to Catelan : 

•Ci mcaaire, your servant carriea a h.-un- 

per whi^di seoms too gnat a load for bUsL 1ft 

It ver>* lieitvv ] '* 
^oii, yes,' replied the tronlmdonr, vitlt 

pride, ''it is full of preaenta for his m^ 


A few minutes aflerwards tho wptita 

stopped and whispered something to '' 

leoant. The night cnme on dark. i 

wiiiily, and O.itelnn remarked It, 

keepiuij t>n the uulakirta. as he i 

to do. he was led into the lhi..'ke-ii ,...; l .., l[_ 

funeat Wbuu tliey reached the spot wh«re 




Uolr skiw.i 03 

^. (Jib ciiptkin drew his 

tun with ft single bluw, 

Ut» «ii'.i'.i^ n.riHiliuiitfinaiy flimfuudcj 

Bfit nntl niii£M<(ctL^J liim. The niur- 

Iced tlio hamper, but, to their 

Dud id it uiily liriKlcsof liquoni 

brri. Although dreailfulty ilUfap- 

_ di\"ided the spoil, omi rctntutnl 

^^ •njitig, CIntflnii was Bowht're to 

I'tbobJ. Tb« ueJit diiy Philippe ordered a 

■ji to b« lasuia Ixi the furvel, unA Ht'ler 

itr unM the two bodieji wcrii found in & 

ut of blood. Tlie king was deeply aCQicted 

1 tt)t» iiMirdtT, nnd caueed tlte coi-|iws to be 

rird on Uie spot, and & atone cruss about 

%y ' ' ' li erected over the j^'vave. 

aTttrwardB ibe cnptaiu pre- 
1..IJJ-VII .it, conit perfumed willi nsceut 
%M fiiAnuriu-tiired imly in Prudence. 
' the kint,''B BiiBptuiuua. He cnuaed 
I lo be made, tind wils 6oon mruniied 
■ral had b«vn fouhd drunk with 
non from Fivvenee iu thiur |>os«ea9ion. 
JT— ligtttiona wtTu immodintely mnde ; the 
aimlt) of the caplniu and his men were 
1 ; Mill the rf-sult vfus tho dieoovery 
Dper marked with the arnia of Catt'- 
> aeYLTal booties of Prt^ven^nl liquors 
faiDH. The evidence wiia fiullicient to 
\ their ^ilt to the uitirderurM, yrUu 
_ _ lUy tried and burnt to death at a 
ft V fire. 


AH iu my c-inployuieut wan, not 

\ Aj^o, missing Ironi a caltlu stalion 

[ Erom Svdiicy about two hundred aud 

Vitle<t. The man had ;;;oue one afteniooa 

ofa of a horse that had Htrayed. Not 

rrvturuetl aliii<,'hturthe next morning, 

lonJ coueluAiuu was that be Itatl becu 

tbe bush. I, at once, called iu the 

the blackH iiin], attended by two 

sao ierv;.: nii>n), liesded tlie 

lion. Tilt ' I ally lay in getting 

nuin'a track ; and several hours were 

before this importaut, objt;ct waa 

bUiiiii^. Ilie savages exhibited some 

\%j er«D in Ihii^ Thuy ileacribed Urge 

the hut whence the iiiau hud 

L.departure, and kept on extending 

they wore satiatiutl they had the 

focttpriuta. The track once found, 

doxca of the bkcka wcut olf like 

of hountU. Now and then, in 

I forest tUrough which we wandered 

■eareb, there waa a check, iu con- 

of the extreme dryncaa of the 

ad; or tho ,wUid ha<l blown about 

fallen leaves of the gigantic gutu-treea, 

hicb abound in thoeo regions ; but, for 

k« moat purt, th« oouiw was alraigbt 


W« Irad provided ourselves with flour, 
Jl beef, tfA, ffligitr, blaoketa and other pcr- 
couifurts. Theae were carried oq a 

boree which aamall black boy, of about four- 
teen yearn of agr*, ro*le in our rear. 

On the fimt day we continued our aparch 
until the ann ha<l gone down, and then 
pitched our camp and waited for duy-light,. 
NViih their tomahawks the blnck^ Htiippcd 
off hirge sheetit of hark from the fzmii-lri'fji, 
and cut down a few anpliuL'S. ^Vith the>4e 
we made a hut; at the opfniui^ of which we 
lighted a Bre, ]«rtly for boiling the water 
for tea, and partly for the purpose of kevftitig 
off the iQusfjuitoeL During the night, we 
had ft very heavy storm uf lightning and 
titunder, accompanied by torrt^nla of rain. 
This, I fancii-d, wouhl render the trnckiiig 
even more diOicult, aa the rata woa auffi> 
(^ionfly hcftvj to wrbIi out the footprints of 
n man, had any such footpriiiU been pre- 
viously perceptible. When the aim urose, 
however, the blacki*, ^eeiuiu^ly withuut 
ditbcuby, took up the track and fotlowrd it 
at the rate of two luid a half uiMeaan hour 
until noon, when we Iwdted to take nonic rtst 
and refresh ntents. The foot of civilised man 
bad never before trodden in that wild region ; 
which waa peopled only with the kangaroo, 
the emu, the upoasnm, :uid wild cat. The ntill- 
iicsa waa awful ; and, ever and anon, the bUcka 
would cooey (a bail peculiar to the pavng<?a 
of New-Holland, which may be heard syvvrxl 
wiles ofTj.but — aud we listened each time with 
intense anxiety — there was no respouiw*. 

At about half-past Ibrt-e iu tlwj afternoon 
of the second day we cajue to a 8(w)t, whore 
the blacks expressed, by geatures. Dint the 
uiiaaing aUx^kman had aat down ; and iu con- 
firmation of their atateiueiit, they pointed to 
A Stone, which had evidently bveu httely 
removed from its original place. I euquircl, 
by gealtires, whether wa were near the lost 
man ; but the blacks shook their hea<ls and 
held up two Ongers, from wbicli I gleaiied 
that two daya had ela[»ed silica the mail 
had been there. At five wa came to another 
spot where the mtasiiig stockmAn had laid 
down, and here wo found hie short pipe 
broken. It would bo difficult to describe tho 
aatinraction with whicli I eyed this piece of 
man's handywork. It refreshwi my confi- 
dence in the natives' power of tracking, and 
made me the ni'.-re eager to pursue th^- aenrcit 
with rapidity. Hy proraiaes of Urge rewanls, 
I quickened thetr movamenta, and we tra- 
velled at the rate of four milea an hour. 
We now came upon A 80)1 covered with Im- 
mense boulders. IhiH,! fancied, would imjwde, 
if not deatroy the track ; but this was uot ihu 
case. It ia true, we could Dot travel so fusl 
over these large round sUmea ; but the blacka 
never once halted, except when they came to 
a rt|>ut where they satisfied me the stockman 
hinuelf had rested. Nona but thoae who 
have been in aearoh of a fellow-creatnrs 
under similar ciroumstances can oonceive th« 
anxiety which such a search creates. I could 
not help placing niyaelf in the position of tho 
unhappy man, who was roaming about aaoua 

94 I'tdy ». IMT.] 



blinHfaldcd, «nil prohaMy hoping on eren in 
tlie face ot deepair. Agaia wo came to a 
foH'«l<»f liuge giini-trees. 

At times, the gestures of the blacks, while 
following the footprints of the stockiu&n, 
intti'-nted to mo that he had been ruuning. 
At other times, they initt'ited the languid 
nioreiiietilB of n weary nnd footsore travelltr. 
Thi'y knew exactly th« puce at which the poor 
fvltow had wandered alrout In those untrodden 
witda ; and now and then, while following in 
his wftke and imitating him, tliey would 
langh merrilv. They were not a little amused 
th»t T nliould be augry at, &nd rebuke such a 

The Btiu went down, and our second day> 
March WHK ended. Again we pitcher) our 
camp ntd liglited fires. We had now tm- 
vclh-d abont thirty miles from the station, 
and lh»* blacks, who hml now got bcyoad 
lliH pretrlncli) of their district^ iH>c:Lme fear- 
ful of meeting with s'-me strange tribe, 
who wouhl destroy them ami myself. Tndewl. 
if t and my Kuro|>ean companions had not 
bcpR annod with a gun each, and u plenti- 
ful *npply of ammunition, my sable giiides 
VOilM h.ive refused to piiweed any further, 

All night loDg T lay awake, imagining, 
bttping, fearing, and praying for day-light ; 
which at last dawned. Onward W(» w.nt 
through a magiiiticent country, beautifully 
wooded, and well watered by Btrenms and 
covei-od with luxuriant paatnre, — all wiiatu 
Lind, iu the Btrictest sense of tbe term. 
At about ten we cnmo to a valley iti which 
grew a number of wattle-trees. I'rom tliene 
trees, a gum, resembling pnm arable in all 
its jmtperties, exudes in the warm season. 
Tito blacks pointed to the branches, from 
which this gum had recently liecn alrippi'tl, 
and indicated that the man had eaten of a 
pink grub, as large as a silk-worm, which lives 
lU the b.irk of the wattle-tree. Luckily 
he hrid with him a cla«p-knife, with which 
he had contrived to iltg out tliese grubs; 
wluL-h the blackfl nRsured me were a dninty ; 
but I was not tempted to try them. 

On auain putting the question to the 
blafks, whether we were near the man of 
whom wo were in search, llicy shook their 
heads and liehl up two lingers. We now came 
lo aclear shallow stream, in which the blacks 
tiifortiied me by gestures Uiat the miwing 
man had b:ithed ; but he had not crosst-d 
tlie strejim, as his track lay on the bank 
we had approached. 

Alter trAVelling along this bank for abont 
three miles, we came to a huge awamp into 
which the Btream flowed, and ended. Dere 
the footprints were plainly discernible even 
by myself and my Kui<>|i«au con)|uiniotis. I 
eXAiikined them carerolly, and was putnetl to 
find that they con6rmi-d the optniou ol tlic 
blaokn, namely that drey wore itot fresh. 
Presently we found the ntnn's h<iotR, These 

ctLst them ofE Kot far from the boota wuj 
a red colU^a bund kerchief, which hfl LnII 
worn round his neek on leaving the •tAtltm. j 
This, tooj he had found too hot to wear ia 
that oppressive weather, and ha<l tlicrefore ' 
discarrled it. 

Following the track, we came to a forest] 
of white gum-tree*. The bark of these trees | 
is the colour of cream, and the surf-we is i 
smooth as glass. On the rind of one of iht^^ | 
trees the man had carved, with his kuife, 
the following words :— 

" Oli Ood, liivo miTcy npoo mo. — T- D," 

How fervent and sincere must have been this j 
prayer in the heart, to admit of the hand; 
carving it npon that tree ! 

Towards evening we came to a tract of] 
country as ban-en as the desert between 
Cairo and Suez ; but the soil wjvt not undy. 
and it woa covered with stones of nnequal 
size. Here tlic miraculous pow-er of ttie 
black man^B eye astounded na more tlina 
ever. Tlie reader mnst bear in tn'nvi thnl 
the lost mnn wiie now «7i)king I i 
and lenderfooted, and would nalur.i 
his way oa li.ditly and as c-'uitigmtl) ua 
rxisaible. Ncvortheless, the savage tracked 
his course with bcu-ccIv u halt. 

Again the sun went down, and again we 
formed our little cam[s on the slop« of a hill, 
at the foot of which lay a Iftt."<nn, literally 
coveie»l with wilii ducks and black «ui 
^oiiic of these birds we shot for food, \ 
wiis HOW a niatlorof prudence, if not of DO 
Ktty, to IniitbiLnd the flour and moat we 1 
brought with us. 

Anuther suurise, and we pursued our jour- 
ney. Towards noou we came to a belt of 
small mountains cotupo-ied chiiUly of black 
limo-stonc. Here the hiacka faltere^l -, auJ, 
after a long and animated discut»stoa ainougU 
themselves — not one won! of which I 
understood — tliey signified to me that th»y 
ha<l lost lliy (nu'k nn't coidd proceed no 
further. This I was not dbfKJsed to believ«^ 
and. imperatively signalled theiu to go OB. 
They refused. I tlii-*n h,id recourse 
promises, kind wonls, smiloK, and encour 
gestures. They were stUl recusant, 1 l. 
loaded my gun with ball, and requeatedl 
stocl<men to do the like. I thrcatcnea 
ht.tcks that I woidd shoot ihera, if tbej 
not lake up the track aud pursue it, 
alarmed them ; and, atter another difwus 
amou'^st themselves, they oltcyeil rao, 
reluctantly and sullenly. One '■' 
meu, with much foivHight, f ; 
we ou^rht to mukc sure ot two ui. 
black feihiwfl ; for, if tlicy had a clianoc, I 
would probably escsipc nud leave us to i 
iu the wihU ; and, wiihout their aid we coohf ' 
never retrace our steps to the station. I at 
once ncteilou this sug^^cHtion, and bound two 
of the bent of them t^tgether by the arms, 

had become too heavy for him to walk in, und cirrieil the eud of the cord iu my ri^ht 
and too iucouvcuieut to carry, and he had I hand. 



lJiiV».wM 90 

t <i Mr lo Ibo ftftcmooti wo liml crossed 

<.f lour lOMimtaius, ntui cttiie ujMia 

vvhiu'U lescuiljled u w«ll- 

itid. We were hII eo 

. mat we were C4>ii)i)i^tl«>ii to 

it., (jiioit :iH wns iity Ixiii^iiig 

— .. ,.'iii;iii2 not a liUla whetted hy 

'iAt tile l>l.LckB uuw held up only 

.-. '^ . I, iu onlt-T to express that the oljuut 

mr Mmroh was only coe day la sdvaQce 

t luidtuj^bl the four blacks, who were Dot 
iid, and whu were in a rude hut a f«w 
Ih diKtitnt, came to tho opotda^ nf my 
■luetiL and bade me listeo. I dul Itsteit, 
1 > md resembling tlie bating of 

\. .it thu sea-t)hc.iie. 1 eipluined 

h'uii, :i-H ^.'il OS I pouibly coidij, that thf 
t! vmA that uf the wind coiuinjf through 
^„v. . ,1 .!.e trees. ITiw, however, they 
ii .e, fur there was scarcely a 

€!an It bo that wo aro near the sea- 
r^l*' I asked mvaelf; and tlie noiM, 
L every nionient becume more diatinctly 
p, scoiued to reply, " yes.'* 
niunniig dawued, and to my loteiiae 
r>mtnifUt^ I discoTered that the four 
liid tihirkit had decanipiMi. Th^-y liad, 
iibt, n-trnced thrir nW-\>n by the roail 
liad come, 'J'hf* reiuumUig two were 
ut upon the tmck, nod not for a single 
at did L rvtuK^umh TiiY huld of tho cord, 
fcrtaiuty, thoy woidd liave escaped, had 
kvpl a ti^ht hand ajioa them. Any 
pt to reason with them would have 
ard. Fortunately, the boy who l\ad 
of th« horse had boon faitUfol} uid 

ih« ilay Hdvaiireil and we prnceodeil on- 
^tha itound of the wavea beating against 
bccnnie more aud more dislinot, 
for of thoguides iDorcased propor- 
We were, huwcver, nome miles from 
eun, anil did not scuit untd four in the 
Tl.f W.i-n of the blacks, .when 
kil -:it water, of which they 

I u the uKMt remote cou- 
rt, preseutcd n aranr which wnuld have 
■wrt liy of sonje ^reat piuuifii'i obaer- 

[filcor day. not a cloud to be seen 
lament : l>nt Uie wind was high, 
blue billows wcro crested with 
foam. It was from an eminence 
thrta huiidn.-d f>jct tliut we looked 
|h«m. Willi their kiftn bljuk eyes pro- 
_ from their aockctA, their nuatriln dii- 
ij" their huge niout;is wide open, their 
latted hnir in disorder, their bands held 
leLr bodies faair-crouching and half- 
[ling to niaiutain an erect position -, 
to more Itackwar^l or forwartl ; the I 
tion itreaming from every pore of 
unclothed skin ; stteechlesa, muttoti-' 
roaxed and terriried ; the two inland "^ 
atood [oralysed al what theyaawJ 

Tlie boy, although astounded, voa not 

Precious as was time, I would not disturb 
Uudr reverie. For ten minutes their eyes 
were riviled on the sen. By slow degrees 
their cnuuLeuanct>s exhibitetf that the ori- 
ginnl terror was receding from their hearts; 
Hiid then they breathed hanl, as nit-n do after 
some violent exertion. They iheu looked at 
each other and at us ; andj as tlioogh recon- 
ciled to the miraculous apiK:nrnncQ of the 
deen, they again contemplated the billon's 
with a sntile which gradually grew into a 
loud and meaningless laugh. 

On the rocky spot u|>on which we were 
standing, one of the blacks pointed to his own 
knees ; and placed his forefinger on tuo 8iK>t8 
cloite to each other. Ileuce I omchided that 
the h>8t man had knelt down there in prti^er, 
I invariably carried about with ine, in the 
hush of Australia, a jiockct-mii^nifying-gl.isa 
for the purjHise of lighting a pipe or a fire; 
aud, with this ulsas, 1 carrutlly examined the 
spotd indicated by the bUcks. ]{ut I could 
seu nothing — not tlia fidutest outline ot an 
imprint "u thai piecu of htird stone. Either 
they tried to deceive ua, or their |>owera of 
perception were indeed luiracutoits. 

Aflera brief while we continued uiirsoarch. 
The lost man had wnitdered along the per- 
pendicular dill's, keeping thu ocean In sight. 
\Ve followed his every st^p until the auo 
went down ; then halted fi>r tlie ni>,'ht and 
secured our guides, over whom, as usual, we 
alternately kept a very strict watch. 

During the night we sutfered severely 
from tiiirst, and when morning dawned wo 
were couipelled to leave the trtiek for a while^ 
and (Mfaruh for water. Providentially we were 
successful. A cavity in one of the rockit had 
be«D lillcd by the receut rain. Out of thia 
basin, our horae also drank hia fill. 

1 may here mention a few |>eculiaritiea of 
the coloninl Ktuck-horHe. "W'tierevera man can 
make uls wav, so can this qua-lruperl. He 
becomes, in point of Bure-futptednesa, like a 
mule, anil in nimbleneu like a goat, after a 
few years of servitude iu cattle-tending. He 
will walk down a ravine aa sleep a.i the rotjf 
of a house, or up a hdl that is almost perpen- 
dicuhir. Through the dense brushwoott he 
will push hia way with Ids heoil, just aa 
the elephant does. Ue takes to the water 
like a Newfoundland dog, and awiuis a river 
na a matter of course. To fatigue he seems 
insensible, and, can do M'ith the smallest 
amount of provender. Tho way in which the 
old horso which accompttnied mciu Ihu expe- 
dition, I am describing, gut down nmt gut up 
surue of the places wnicti lay in our track 
would have astounded every person who, like 
na, had not prerioosly wituDseed similar per* 

We pushed on at a speeily paw, nud, to 
my great joy, the blacks now reprenonted 
that the (lo me iuvisible) footprints wi're 
very Ireali, and the misaiog mau not Cu 












khenA of Ofl. Every pUce wliere be ha<! 
hrtIi.*'J, sat down, or \mu tinwn, or stayed to 
drink, waa pointed out. PrMi»*iitl]r wf came 
to an OfMiiiinif in lli»» cliirs which Itnl to t.hi* 
ae&'&hore, where we fouiul a iKiautiiul futy of 
tmtiicnBtf length. Here I no loncer required 
the Hid of the Ravagnt iti lm<'kirt]|f; on the 
8Ai)<) from which the whv«,'8 hiui rtfccilfd a f«w 
houi3 previously wero plainly visihio the 
impiiiitd of naked feeU The bUcIcB, who 
li]i>l uo idea of salt-water laid thciuHetve<t 
down on thuir atoniai:liii, for the piii-|KM« of 
taking a hearty (.Irau'^ht, The fii-st mouthful, 
towcx'er, Balisfied them ; find then wondered 
na uHich at thu tJiBto of the ocean M they 
bad wondtT-'-' -• •'■" j--''* thereof. 

Alter wi> I''^, the rwinjf of 

the (ii)e ai". ; . -i^t of Iho coast 

induced us to avail oiiraelvct of the firnt 
opcninj^ in the ciiflj, nn<\ .n'-.-iiil to the high 
land. It WAS with iti>: - |Mun, I re- 

flaeleil that the appi - ive* would 

oblitorat« tho foot-prints Utcu n\>o\i the sand, 
and that the thread which vn hndfullowpd iiii 
to llmL nuMi. ' ' ■.!, 

Tlio fneiill; d 

the wind an.i Hw. lam : tm- » :ii t :\ :uiil UiP 

rot-kd liad been imnblo to conwal from the 
sight of the Ba\'age the precino plaoes where 
tlx.' foot of oiviliried uiau h.-id troil ; hnt the 
iHTtfjin, Ln-«-ii ill his repotie. makes uU men 
ackue I liyht ! We wAmler«l,aIon[.' 

the «:1 I'jt fivira time to time> and 

Hatfntng fuc a reapouse ; but none came, even 
upon the acutely seiiaitlve ears of the aavni^. 
A little biTurc sunset, wo cume to another 
oiicniuiTi leading down to a bay ; and here 
the truck uf the lost man wai o^aiu found. 
He had ascended and pursued hia way along 
the eliiEi. We followtM uiiliUhtf light fniled, 
and we were compelled to bait. liefore 
doin^ ao we cooeyed in concert, and dU< 
chnrged the fawliug>piecaa several times, bat 
wif.lumt elftx-'l. 

It rained daring the night ; but ceased 
before the day had dawned, and we resumed 
onr journey. After an hour's walk, we came 
apon another opening, and descended to the 
watcr'a edge ; whioh was skirted by a aandy 
beatih. and extended as far na the eye could 
con]|>aM. Here, too, I eonid diapenso with 
the aid of the hlactcs, and followed on the 
truck as fast as pos-^ihle. Indeed, I and my 
conipauions frevpieni-Iy ran, Prewntly, the 
tost man's footatepa diver^d from the aandy 
shore, and took to i\u> hi^h hind. We had 
proceeded more than u mite and a half^ when 
the black boy, who was monnted on the home 
mid following close at my hcela, called, 
*Him I him ! " and iiointiug to n figure, 
about seventy yards distant, stretched upon 
the gntfis beneath the shmle of a wild fig- 
tree, and near a stream of freah water. X 



recognifw*! at once the stoekmsn ; 
the rpie-ation w^a, Wnn he living or da^dl 
Uitviug crimmnnded the parry to remah 
where they (.tc-od. I approached the Ixnif 

n|K]n tiptoe. 'Hi.' t.^-iu wii: nr.t il.- i,I l.iil ii^l 
r\ profonui,! 0I i notl 

awake him. > . aodj 

hagYtfird, hnt hia breathing w.ifi loud aitjJ 
natural. I beckoned the party to afippirtcli,! 
:vnd then plncml my fore-6nger on my lifwi, ai] 
a siLninJ tlirit they were to keep silence*! 
Witlnn on hour the man awoke, and nia 
wihlly aroiiU'l him. When he saw ua, he ' 
under the iiupre-winn th.U lie had not 
lost ; bat that, while senn^hing for the honti 
he Iiml felt weary, laid dowit, -'■■• -'IJ 
dreiiroed all that had reollv h. 

Tlius, there was no snd'ien . 

pccted good fortune ; the effeote of 
upon him I at first dreaded. 

Accoriling to the number of daj*? that w» 
liflii l>een travelling, and the laee at which ' 
had travelled, I computed Ihar we had walk 
about onn hundretl and thirty-fiv« uiUm; 
but, according to a map which I cona 
we were not more than eii;hty miles dil 
in a direct line, fixim Uie station, 
way back, it was most distressing to oVMrr 
the eniotiona of the slockm-i" "-i-f-n 
CHine to, or rememberetl the 1 
had rested, eaten, drank, or ; 
honfleKs wanderings through tlie witdai, 
wildest country in the known world. 
wattle-treea from which he had 8tripp''r] th^ 
gum, the stream In which he htui bathe<l. tJia 
Bwanip where he had discarded bin UxitA, th4 
tree on which he had carved hia prayT, — thi 
spot where he had broken his [ " 
spotujHtn ivhifh he first felt 1 : 
in the hush — these and the pi>i.'n:*iit. -u;;l' 
inga he had uttdt-Tgouo had ao •,'rf'at an e^ 
npon htm. that hy the time he returned I 
station his intellect entirely deaerl 
Ho, however, partly recovered ; but 
times better, sometimes wonw — lu a fe« 
months it bcoomo nccoasary to b^vo hia 
removed to the govemxncnV InnoUc asyluok] 



MILLER & CrnriS, No. y*1 KaoAnwar, 
Publlfeb, Uom advance Aheeta fnmi ibe AolborJ 


8vo.i psper, SO cents. 

The satoe Work, liandenmo Librsrv EdUiOBt 1 
type, IMmo., cloth, fi. 
For Hie by nil dealers. 

MiLLEK & CimTiB, PubltBhers, Office, No. 321 Broadway, New Tork. 

08 lAvvu I. m7.1 


(Cw^aBwi kr 

lie liiiuH'jIf wna tian'Tsoinely taken care of — 
iiifjii iJieu I far too h«u<l»otiit>t.v ! He, liow- 
evir. Iiail ^iH-nt it all,a]ul wun now vruudehng 
ftLoiii tlie wui-ld, a Iwggkr." 

" It certuiiily BOenieu a curious diRjioaitmn," 
mnilatiie went on to 9n.y, ** coiiNiilciin^ that 
M. I>eiiioiiie WAS otilf mni]iinie''a aoii — Rite 
iKiViii;^ been iiiarrie<l lioftifc — ami tlint wickt-d 
M. ClKirlesliiH owu cliiM. But iiu)>oJy cuuld 
Kke liim — not even liis own ftitluT." 

^ And ttiia hi. liemoiiie wiu eziiecled Lere 
tlinl evpr.iiij; J " ^ 

" Yea," sTie said^" in company with his 
motiivr, a cold, Imuglity woinan, that always 
wrtit with liini, and with in»deniuiSL>Ue Iiih 
cuu.^iii. to whom he wub to hn wediled an «>on 
as his wrduhi'd health roi untied. Voila 
ttiut ! Tbtfre was the wh<de hiutoi^ for me ! 
"Won II I excuse her uow for a few mo- 

DltfllU ? ** 

Duritif' the Inst few tniuutee that tandame 
was a|H>f>Kiug, I had noticed thnt a f^laas door 
on the light bad opeiit-d anflly, diaclosing a 
]>ro«|)ect uf a j;entleinan 8i|>iiiii[f hiM wine and ' 
smoking a ci;^r leisorely utter <iiuiier. No 
douht the cool ereidng hivrze wnn found to' 
enter wry f^i-nternlly, for ilie Ketitffmnn fire- 
■ciitly ])ii8lK-d the little pilt tjihlc fi-<<m liint, 
and w»lkeit out nlowly ujnm tlie ^'.tlU'ry, Biill 
smoking liifl cijfar. He li:ni a di^ni^reenltlc 
eiiiipiT always put on hetnw his li<;ht yfliiAV 
ntouskiche-s and he bad, beiiidea, a fashion of 
keeping his bauds buried in hiii (rowscni 
p<rcKL-t4, wliich seemed fifl full and capacioDS 
na n TurkV Ue lookeil down fur tEonie 
tuitiut'S into the court below, gimpering 
pleaM^ntty at the dtscua^tiuu fetill going for- 
ward, tlieti walked slowly round to where I 
^as standing, and, liowing low, prayed nii* to 
hiive the Uiunty and contleacensiMU to allow 
liim to li^ht hilt cigar at mine, lie had lieen 
-BO maladroit aa to let bin own go out. Cu- 
riouHty enough, I bad seen him, but a minute 
bel'oit', ulily rub bis cij^ar against the wall 
with great secrecy atid ioystery. The sl^niti- 
cnui;c ot this act was now quite plain to nie. 
I should have liked him better if he liad 
made his advances op^-nty, without any such 
little tricktry. It was a ple»farit evening, he 
olwerved, dili^'cntly lighting his cigar. 1 too, 
he 8\i|i|>OBe*l, M-as wait-ing to see ihe heavy 
diiig< iici* come in. Mo I Wyuld I for>:ive 
him for thinking Mat first ; for every creature 
in that dull place seemetl to take snr]>rittiug 
interest in the uiovemenla of that huge 
tDHchine. " Messieurs theiT,** be adde*I, sim- 
pering contemptuously, on the fteopie l>cIow, 
" Had pleasing excitement in such talk. The 
poor nouls .' They know no butter — ha! La!" 
His laugh was diwagrefahte — very sweet and 
bellow - sounding. " Uavo tou been liere 
h>Tig ?" he went uu ; **i have been sojourning 
here two days." 

" I only arrived this evening," I answered, 
drllv enough. 

"Tmo days; would you believe It— two 
mortal days I Why, it is my belief that I 

obould have expired at the end of tlte fourth 
hour but fur la fietite Faucbonette yonder, 
whom, by the way, yoa may have seen. A 
little Cliloria." 

I was Uginning to find this gentleman's 
manner so little to my taste, that I prrpitreJ 
10 turn away and make for my own room, 
when iftiddciily a faint rolling sound, aceom- 
pnuied with u ditytant nnn^ical tinkling, fell 
upon my ears. " Hark !** said he. " it eoniea, 
i]ilig<-nce lu ilenlr^, le hicu aini£ ] See, tb« 
gamins are ali'CH'ly in ecsta**)' t" 

It was singidnr — (he contempt be showed 
for (be p*»iir men heluw. They, by thin lime:, 
wem all rualiing to the great gateway ; ao 
there could be no quettiion bat that the 
ililtyenre was approaching. Heavy jdunging 
soutida, ait ufoiUL-UiUiian against atroitg ttinWT 
doufs, \\\\\\ shrill wliiiuiying, diiioird that 
the freah ixdity kuew also what Wiis cundng;, 
and were ini| atient to be led f^rth. Madajiie 
herself had caught the eoumls fioni afar off 
in her Hi tic room, ninl was uow tripping 
down the broad »ie\*>t into the court. Lat- 
tices were opened stidileiily in the roof and 
other |)»rtH, luid eiiger faces put forth to 
listen. Cir-idiially it drew nearer ; the tink- 
ling soon chnnged to a sort of liarmouioiia 
jangle; there una a vigorous tramping of 
hi'iivy hoofs, cheerful criw from the driver 
encouraging hia b-»gts, with a stray note 
from \\ifi horn now and again; then more 
jinglii:g and hat-Hh clatter mingled together, 
with bolUiw rumbling uow quite clone at 
hand. The cntwd at the archway fall sud- 
denly to each side, and tiiere ap|>car at the 
opening two du&ty thick-set hur^eit, one uQ 
the right, of a high cream-colour, with a huge 
black patch on bin haunch. That luuni Ire 
Gringoire, beyond mistake, who has thus 
nobly vindicated hi« gootl nnnie ; fir il. Le 
l^enf it( jxdnting to hiui triumphantly. JVfter 
Gringoire and hiH yoke-feliow toil two i-ther 
great creaturea, all four being gnrnishcd 
with higli collai-a friti^ed hanils<*nudy witli 
red and blue tasstia And behind them comes 
reeling in the great moving nionniaii) itself, 
that tins junrneycddonn from L^oiut, whitened 
over with a crust of duht. Iliere is a gieal 
tjirpnulin covering up baggage, high hc)ip<-d, 
well whitened Loo ; and tiiere art.- many face< 
looking forth from rutondc, and cou[>^ and 
intC'rieur, of baked and uuwbolesome ait)>ect, 
aa tlo'Vgb they had gHthored their ahara of 
the dusi alHO, lu the centre of the court it 
has pulled up short. The doors are dragged 
0[>eii, short l.idders applied, and many ti^'nrei 
in the blouses and sbiniiig bells are crauling 
up the sidcB, making for the roof. Now, too, 
are lo<l forth the four frevh and gamceonie 
Hiiimals, who b^'guile the tedium of yoking 
by divera j-osturinga and fierce sweeps of 
their hinder legs nt unwary byatamicrs. 

Hut from the roii])6 — was being ni^lsted 
forth, by penile hamb — mailame herself, aid- 
ing teiulerly— A tail man, delicate-looking aod 
slightly henu He seemed a little feeble, but 



lliiMl I, is;.] 99 

walked l)etteru be leant on the Anu of a'^'we hnd best lionr wli&t he lim bn any. Well, 
■tAtt't)' Ifulv ill Uack, looking IiJiuglitily nmui! brotlicr, come to my lOom — to the ijuMen 


oil »I1 aloul ber. On the si<le wiu n yoiiDC 
girl, gijlilen-rinireil nnci crticernl, whom I 
knew to Iw the future britlu. 1 wnn nil thU 
vbile lenniiig over tbe baluuiraile, looking 
down itiio the court. 

Pn-aroilv, a very cni-irats acene look place, 
I hnd BccQ th«! gentleiunn of the yellow 
niouat;iche-% siniperiu;^ to himself aa though 
Dtoch amu*«d at whikt vriut griing forwaril. 
But, whvn the yonn(r iiinii aU'l ibe two luiUea 
hail b*-gi)n to aiieenil the wmxleii staircase, 
be threw away hid cij^,an[J walked leisurely 
duwft to meet theiu. 

*' l^earrat brother," he fi-iiil, vithtlrawing 
one hand from hid deep pockets, **ain«x u 
biifovriin ! I am rvjoiccd to ace you ji'okini; 
«u frcwh and well. But the journey mu8t have 
&ti»ued y«>ti ternbly I " 

The (nil lady's eyea flnsltcd Gre, aud abe 
•tapped forwiird in front of her «r.n. 

••Go awMy ! Ittitirez-voui', infanie!*' ahe 
aaul. "What do tou <Io here? — liuw dare 
yon pn'Mrnt jonrn-lf to nv ? " 

"tjwwt lua'iarne," he aaid, bowing low. 
"accept my buiiihle eicusen ; but I wi»li to 
•prak iirivnl.-Iy wiih n.y dear brotht-r h'-it. 

chaml>er, in an hour. But, mind, this auall be 
the iHst time." 

'* With ulJ my heart," aaid the other, bow- 
ing profoundly. I shtiU trouble yuu no 
further aftt-r that. Meanwhile, accept my 
gnitnlnlionis M:iiieinoiMf]l« est vraimeut 
belie! All revoir, then, iu an hour." 

I{e lifted hilt Imt aa they pastied htm, and 
then widked down, nnwiDCwrtiedly, umong 
the bluc-lroi-kcd buurgeoidi.* of tbe court. 

'•Don't atop np the w;iy, good people,** bo 
aftid, coolly putiint; SI. 1*6 IJu?uf aside, " it 
hinders ull comfort in wulking :" then li^dited 
a cij^'Jtr, Jtud strode out carelessly upou the high 

The glaaa-dooi-B of the goMcn chamber bad 
bevn tlirowii o|>eii, ili8cl<>4iiig a preity little 
room ndunied fAiicifnlly with nnrrom and 
li-^ht cbiiii£ hiin!.'ing!«. Iu(o tliis they entered, 
the hoxtef>a leuding the way, an<l bringing 
forwanl nn ann-oluiir into whiob M. I^nioine 
dn*p|K-d hiiiia<-lf weaiily. Al.'Mlaiue was taking 
oounacl with Fanohonctte, at the cud uf the 
room (ihf vliiiiUc au<l I^xiis-tpiinze mirrors 
wi*i"c qniie in kc»*pinij wJUi the Lrmciy 
fijuf<'),ainl, aa the gluiw-doora ahnt-to gently. 

wtto, by lUe Wiiy, heuniA tu im gutting nit ht!* I raw hix cmiihIu landing nwr birn teiiderly. 

•tieogtb h.H<:k ;tt;ain. I have WHit4*d he-n* — 
two wlinle dnyu — looking furwHnl to this 

He loukcd up iilc^iAniitly into her fiiCt>. 

Wi'hin the iit/ui'* liinc. tin* '^reut iblieence 
h.iil di-p.-ute-), toppling k'urfully ns it pa<<sed 


make him 



Sland brtck quickly !" said tlin tall Iiuly, out undi-r the nrohwiiy ; white the men lU 
tmublbig witli r;(ge. ** Will iiobtcly t;.ke this blue — thvir t\i\y'a wurk bi-in;; emK-d— tbs- 

pci-furil and lifft thu ctjtirt quite l-jire ;>ud 
entply. Soon ntlrr, thu >ilian::er cnme k«uu- 
tenn-^ in, bin Inuids dee|i«r in his |Mx^kets, | 
and wi'll up to hm time. At the hxit of iho i 
.Htfp-H he «top]>ed and called out luu<lty to | 
I'ancbotirtlc, ** quickly, ma pr-tite. aud ace < 
if it In* Lh»*ir plen-nre to receive me." 

Shmi retiirtit'*! t'jinchoijelt«*,trip|>iug lightly, I 
with word that ihey were ati^mdy waiting fgrj 
luoiiBtitir, — woid'l he tolhiw bi-r. 

"On, thi'U, mignonne !" he exchimed, and 
walked u|»-sininii, mund to the golden ch.ini- 
ljer,i'nteriiiy t»»Mfy,.inil leilin-,' ihegla8»-door«"^ 
awing-tu witb luud cbi.tter behind him. 

>J:i<lnnie, our biwte-fit, Te|j<irt<-d to ma 1 
Hftt-rwiirls, timl, aa she wus ]HL<uiMg by 
ahc he.-iiil Btruii;<e tones, aa of fierce aud 
no^ry qu.-»rrel — app trently tlie vuicea of 
M. Li'iitoitie'a irutlier aud the utmnger. 
She had oIl»-u beard that there wnA «oiu« 
uijly secret in the fiinily— *oiue akuletun-^ 
cliKH-t aa it wert-^ — which he, no duiibt, wng 
thru (titig to mitke known to the woiM. He 
wio* lUtf-ld-ihe ! mrtil.iiue said, wv^-iid tiniwu. 
with tiitbguatioii. It WH« culioiH, tuo, hi>w 
thu iiilei-L-dt ol that whole i-ittid<tt«hnu'iit b*^ 
eanie coucenirtti-d kii tlmt out* rhHiul>er. H 
wn* known universally llmt tbviv ««« sonu; 
niy»«tery going on iuM>h-. Kvcn FanchouvUe 
fuiiiid tM.T;i.Kiini to |uuw that way now and then, 
tjleaiiini;, no duubi. slrny vn«l« of diwoun*.-, 
I, mysrif, fett inw^Ubly muvod, to wah.ler 

ii)f-tiu« fium our sight! 
e>mra! I cutreal you, 
draw !" 

The ineD in blf^iisea wpre gatheriuf* round 
gradnally— 1« nhiim our hoaus.^ was vebu- 
lD*'tii|y luihflditig the whole IiiKturv, plainly 
working on tliL-ir feelinca. It wns beld to l«e 
• crying fth.-.nit*, and SI. IjC fiojur wna pro- 
&«iiig to interfVra pbjMioally. Uui yoting 
M. Leoiwiue gently drew but mother to one 

"Dearest molber,** he ani*!, "let us bear 
■hat be haa to any. lie c:m do ua no 

" >fa, Dleu merci," ahe said, '* we are be- 
Tond his malice. But you must not a|>eiik 

»'l' - !,.•* 

i-i-geutlfniatiwitK IhcWiiTron 
I I Ix-en Icttiihg back ngainst 

lh« rati, am veymg both with a quiet senile. 
' Well, hr«*tliir," he said, nt K-uit. "you a>f, 
» — gcnile-tnintleil. religious woman 
tativ if-'ti ishe:i to irifl'itue nnitera. L^i't 
v.ith Ihia chiur4 work. I have 
• uany lcagu(» to spe^ik with y<>u, 
yon BUppi'tw I will h.'t inyiwlt lie 
I back by uaprice of t)ii>< ftort I Hive nio 
I )i<,ur — but one half hour. She shjill 
by all the while. AIku nudemoiaelle, if 
»b»» have any fancy for it." 

Tiie young man looked rouud at tbe 
bau;;lity dAine l>ej>ide biin. 

"Tlua attvnia only rea«*.nable,* he said; rouud iu that direct iou j but, for the aake wl 

aka ul^ 

100 [Aikptft 1. i&iM 



l^nMio o]<iiiiiin, liad lieM nut n^iinat tb« 
litile we;tkhesa. It wuuld bo moic f>rtit'unV>k', 
iiA it WHS eiir-h a coul, Ire^li evening, to go 
forth milt tfiriiU Iviauidy ti>\v;mls the vitt.-i^e, 
8CJii'iH*ly ft niilu nwjvy. So 1 EtAi)utL'r<.?>i I'urth 
ftt ftti fnsy i'3i!0 from Itmieath the ari.*liw;iy. | 
It \t:i.h very i;nitefiil Unit tVfiiing walk 1 
(lowit to the village, lyiri^ itlung nil mniiitet 
of ^irt'i'ii Iniies antJ sliatly pbci-s. There wa* j 
a kiinl itf short cut Ihroii^li the lifUls 
— ipoiiited uiit hy on obliyin;^ )iv;iS(\Tit — which 
k'li iicnrss ritstic hri<r;;e3 "ii'l throncli a Utile 
Wood, vrry teiiiplin;^ nii'l ri-lirrtl. TheiH* wjia 
tlt>? vill.i^d churoh, tuo, just afiur peltiii^r^ 
cl< ni' of itie vood : An tiiioiiiit structure, nnd 
very grey nnd mo^sy, with lliu iloor Htamliini 
opea I li>nk(Ml ui atul I'utind M. le cui6 at 
ihu liijjh nllar strjff iiidlruciini; IiIa litilt* 
ImtiiI ol childrfiifnt- tSrst coimniinioii or oitior' 

f:t't-nk iicT, A gentle, pi\ti' nt man looked ^£. ' 
e curu, ns lie stoy^l witliiii Iiia aIUir-r,Vd?, 
nii'l very iunocent and ('n<,'cr seiiiiLvl his litttu 
f.illowiij.:!. I waited ;ifar ulf— just under tin* 
P'lruli — I'cr iiitLfiy nilniiti-a, lL-ti>nin;^, lurking 
rouinl, loo, al the pivlty dceiiraiiou of the 
church, — jiiindahed ]»lriili(iiUy with wliiU? 
rose-wreailis, pcihapa fur aoiiie high fi*suv;it 
ouiiiii)^ Oh. 

It wiis long iwut ten o'clock when I 
found niv^elf iil the door of tho old Vi-llnw 
'li^t-r. ^Imt cattblislinieul was now ulktut 
hinKiiig into it!i iiiuht'a re[»<.>!«« ; Lij^litii begin- 
niiig t"> twinkle htre nud tliero at strHUge 
wnidowii. M. Le to^nf and all Ids comiany 
had lonji since df|Htrted, ;ind na I entered, u 
luan ^^rna t-uiulng down ihu ftU']iA with a huge 
Itiintdi of keys to ffisten np all BCtMircly for 
tlie iii^ht. The dayV wurk wus iloue, and it 
w;m tintu f-'r all ChriAtiiuis to he in ih^-ir 
rooniA. t^o I took the hini[> and made atraight 
for the little aKwe chumlier where I woa to 
re[}Ope ; Icuviiig, na in bent to ilo in Htijuige 
pluccj, the light burning upon the tahle. 

When I awoke ugttn, it must have been a 
couple of houra pnttt niidni^i^ht, and I funn<l 
tlml my liini|i uuml have ju>*t yone out. For 
there was a colnnin of thick blttck smoke 
curling ujiwarda fnmi it to the ceiling. The 
ni^ht waandsemlily wnimondnnroruforiable, 
and 1 foresaw that there waa at least nn 
hour or two i>f wreLclied tossing in storo lor 
me. To which jirospt-ct I at onco resigned 
myaelf^ and waited culmly for the tuuiuH, to 

I'hongh the lamp had gone oat, there was 
■till abundance of Jt<:ht pouring into the 
room tliron<>li the glnaa-door and its thin 
uni4liu lilini). For. the moon was up and 
nin<te every corner of my little room aa light 
OS day. Fruin the alcove where I lay — juat 
fjicing the dtK>r — 1 eouhl be pretty sure that 
the cnnrl-yiird was fcteepetl in a bron*! dhct 
of white light. So, too, ninist have been the 
gallery running round (itita was my Utile 
apccnlntion, Btriving to keep away the hour 
of iiiriiieut), and it« many ale<'peni, now fjwt 
bound in their slumbcra. Juat tbeu the 

little clock act to chindng oni tliree, so that 
I bfld gone tnlcrnhly nriir the Imnr. Aa 
I wan thttd;iiig wliat musieal bells were 
to be found occasion" Uv in these otil-iif- 
tlic-wny villiige)*, It snddenly stmelc n»e 
(hut there wna a cretikbig aunnd outride 
lit the gallery, as of a li^bt foi)LRt*)p. The 
night wj(9 so very ^tilt that there could be »o 
<h>ubt of it. There wna a cronking KounJ ia 
the gidlery. At the same inntattt, Hrrcnle, 
the gi'i'ftt wbi'e bound, alwa\a chained up of 
nighiB ill the pnreht P*^'^ futth a lung muian- 
choly- howf, Wherviipoii the sounds cvuset] 

Ity nnd by they conmiGncod again, coming 
in-jirer tliis lime ami ni.rstifyjng me exre«-d- 
iiiyly, when aU'idi-jdy, having my cyea fixed 
uf'Oii the d(>>ir, a till ahadow seemed to flit 
swirtiy acp'sa iliedifor — a manV sha low, too, 
Wirib could Ibis mean 1 Who could be 
moving ahont in this sei-ret fitHhion T Per- 
biip.4 n WAtebnian. kept by mndnme to look 
aft»r the safety of their premiaos ; perhaps 
a ittrnU'^er \\iin Huuir nntawfid put-pi>.'iL>. I 
got up huatity and went over to the door to 
look out. There was no sign of nMy |i4>r9iiD 
being there ; the grdlery was perfectly 
deserted. The court Itebtw wna — exactly m 
I had Iteen tiguring it— flooded with miHm- 
light. There were alao thoKc fantastic ah a- 
dowa sltootiiig out trom the fo>)t of the 
I pillnrH, nuil undernenth the gallery de*p 
cjnermnis reiessi-a, steeped in simile amJ 
mystery. IKi-eide waa:»til| at his mooniful 
fc<'ng, and Bom<-thiitg iim^l have trotibloil bia 
sIihuUts. tjtill, as 1 8;tid, there wjw no siyu 
of any living creature ; so, after a littl* 
further contemplation of the tranquil sceue^ 
1 slint the tlo'T gentlvj taking ciiic to secure 
it from wiiliiii, and went Imck to the nicove. 
! 'i'he »UIig«.-nco piiasi^l by at six o'clock ttext 
' morning and waa to call at the greit ^ate to 
, take me up. It seemed to me, tliat I had 
but just lumed round to ttlfep, when a hoartie 
voice eamo through the gla»)i-door, calling to 
! me and rattling it iinp^iT-ieiitly. 

" What do you w»nt 7 " I »*aid sleepilj. 

" The diligence, Al'sien I it is coming over 
the blU. M'sieu -will have to hoatcii him- 

I 1 jumped up bnaiily and was in my clothes 
in au iiisiaiit. Ma<}ame, with delicate fore- 
thought, hud a tittle cup of coffee reailj 
(the great diltgeitco woidd halt for breakfast 
some two or three hours later), which I had 
Gidahcd juxt as the jnnyliiig music of the 
great diligence made itself he.'ird at the door. 
' Aa I was following out M. l*e Bteuf, who 
I had my luggage on his shoulder, a ]>iurcing 
' fieream rang uut, so sliHrp and (ult of angoialt 
I that all who were there tiiiTied snd ruihed 
I back into the courL There waaM. Lemoine's 
mother out upon the gallery in a light dress* 
ing gown, bailing ovt-r the rail, losaing her 
nriiis wildly nbout. There, too, waa madame 
our hostess, stru^jjlinj; bard with the golden- 
haii'ed y ouug giiT ai the door of M. Lemoina*' 

Ctofln DtrtHM ] 


[AniHl I. ISTJ 101 


room. Liille Faiidiouettt*, \rilh h^r liiiinU 
ri»rrring np licr face, w«j> niuning i*o«nii ilio 
g-,ill«fiy til n sort of (liatr«t'lt!-I ntnnDvr. CJiIling 
"ail BcciHim! nu epcoiins ! " We were at 
the V(H»u-ij(K>r in nn iitsmtit. 

**0 M\cU a Urnl-ile tlim^ ! ** eaid miidame ; 
'•lion'i g»> ill — ilmi'i go in • '* 

I knew well wliiii tliiit terrible tiling vfTL% 
kuviii^ liiul Kilreniiriil |>i*i;seti(iinf)it fruiu llie 
wry tirrti tninite. L"p"ii lii^ hvA w:is lyiug 
U. IjviiiottiH, o>i tiis lii<*t*, i|uil« stilt iiinl 
«'M ; ftiiJ, ftrt liny luriicil liiiu ovtr, two illa- 
edtotifcd tiiiirlfH ii|H>n liifi llmitit ciiiiie itilo 
view. [Ic liiul t.t.*eu tnu*l roiiUj^ done lo 
dentil — laid |><H>i' M. I.uiiioine. 

Suddenly M>nie nne wlilK|iin-d, Wlier6 Wiui 
die KlnLM^vr: he who iuul M-iivi-d vc^tinl.iv / 
— »nd •oiiic olio else w»lk«-tl nway nn tip-tiM; 
Coward* Itis roum. lie lr:id di-jMritd. U watt 
itlitiri, tuo, iliiit lit-* W-d lin<l U"t lievn aUjit in. 
It vmi vitiiy, lliercfort*, to know itl whose duur 
to liiv lliix lunl Klt.vA, 

My tliiHtitiie, ntid uiie, now qui to motifinlesa 
and ex'KiUHied, lind bfiii gut iiiiu t)i« liunee, 
aa wrll a» ti.e jeilou -Inured y>>iui;; la y. 
^L lo cuiiductcur hiiul vi-r>- qiik-ily to nic, 
tltat II W(t4 nn Rwfid tLin^ to Iiiip|tcii, nn 
ftM'fiil i)itii}*. lie flit TmI' iiiiidiiine'e Mituuthni, 
liQt lie liitd liU oi-'icrtf itiid niiiHi go ft'itviinl 
wtltufui dvduy. So Le Wixti al Uiy dt:rvii:e fium 
tlint iitoiitviit. 

Aa wu enini^ d«>wii ttie stcfift, we fonud tl>itt 
t1i<' cdiiti \i:u\ lilictl ti|i Willi a strnnge mpi- 
dity;iMaiiy men in tin* Idiie gaiiiimis hiivm^' 
jcntlirri'd iliure, tftl^iiug iH'lily »Mi:ftln'r i»im1 
MMiiln-n;; J tliu gellJ^-.i■alniC8 wo«dd he t'lere, 
t)fF\ snjil, iu A lew iji itutvf. L<.- Utvut' ami 
Mti«r» wen* idixv-vty econi-in;; tlie cin.nti'V. 
Bit I a»>-t>nd4il iiitittlieflvtatliiigfU'^fAUluw 
luHy ; t)iinUiu-4 wlnit blight and tk'MjIuiiun 
bnl ul n ^nddL<ll fallen (i|xin ilie |h-:)cvIuI 
Ituuws. Tttv rocltcr wu» iiii|<ii(ieiit; be liml 
bail n liiird Iniiu of a uiiU liLt funr .-tni;^- 
glliijf niiitnnUi. Tuoy Imd Ix-t-n ni.-ikbti; iln- 
stMMfn lui'l jiriivvl Ily n'xtul IntiiHinly 'or the 
lu«it)Miuii r i>riiM li<'tii. Ttif dtx'i- M.ia-'j.tniiuoil 
Ul, tbe coihlii<'t<ir li:id clambrrct njt Ui In;* 
aui'k, ilip nitiMciil jii>{;;Mnv', tiie •I'liiieldii;^, the 
rtMiil<tii<g l*e^ftii ii^^'U uti*hli, Aiiil the gn*:it 
diliffnicv ninve^l on ward. An we reaohcd 
lite l**ji nf tlic lull, «c met six tuU luvn iu 
e«eli«il hnU nnd U-ols. und wry while 
•I>utdder*l>i*Uc Thi'»e wer** the gt-n-s-d'alltien 
UiMt bri'l I" t^u tf'iit u*r ; Uuw uu tlicir way Iu 
Um vM Vciluw 'ligL-r liio. 

U«'W runny yeam wnji it Iwfope I cnnio by 
lli»L loii'l Kgidu. thiMUp:h the |ik»Aaiit b\f- 
«u«>uid |>u>f'n<;e« Iff ri'fiiit'e lliti I'^fiiilil'id, 
»N ber toiiM und dau'<-htcifi litiu lo CidI h-r } 
Clivr upiiM fi'iir, L trtSiik. '1 his time I li:>d 
U-rii witntU'linj; over the country tu tniu 
Z^tauflrtt liiiitHiur ; ouilint* »> out fur aici^nt 
q«iit<t liit'e titwim, remnvvd ffoni qwhi Ii%'1i- 
Wtty« and txuri-t ; rul.tuiti>-i^ whL-ie al>otuid, 
chMi-v Rlri-et cuiiifi» ptid nitiiiued i«(i«iiic« in 
lovktiu luvlica Olid ft ran; fvuulaiu or ao, 

with a eerfaiii prlmitirene^a of drnca nni 
ninnneiN aninn^ itd men mid wottnn by wAf' 
ft' li«:d cididiriiig. 1 lliitn;;lit freqiu-ntlv 
the late M r. i^ternu and httj tt-ndtT Hotil, iiit 
went round very much nfier the ♦axy, 
lonn^iug maimer of tliut fauuua sc-utiuie: 

In nu adndrable specimen of this anei 
town ni-^ciilte^Hiire, bearing tlie nmiie 
KJonlycnnx, I found nivttelf one eveidn>;, aftel 
Some three or fuur dnVM* h- JDununj/, dittinj 
by iiu iipi!U l.-itiioi! and lookiir^ unl on ihei 
ciiief Kti-cet. TiiiA wna in n. furnirthe'l luiii(-' 
injj over ft lillle wiiie-slion, which 1 h." 
rcc<M'(m) .it inei'edibly ftnialleiinrge't. I kne 
that ifver my liyad lliero was a woiiilcrfi 
bit of {.''dile will) VJI81 8l0|>ra of fv\ tilm. 
and, ;t» nfeonise, a Utile belfry and wvittht r-] 
coiik, wherein the dawii diti moat roii'^-ivrnteL 
1 kucw tbar, ex'ernnlly, ^'rejii l>c;tiiia, liantl^j 
somdy cnlomcd, cronsed ili.i^oiiully j>ia( 
Im'Ikw my liUle dlriiii«>tt>l pntie'l lattice, an uiiderne.ith was .1 deep ihmrwny wi(. 
welt-wrtMi;jLt nioU and pilLirii. which uii'^di 
lery well hivo Ix-t-li absliart-'d iVuiu ibe mI»1,i 
cliiireh Imrd by. I knew also at ilii 
n)i;;h> of the b<iu«e, just nn it line with ni 
lattice, vraa a niche, or rt-atin!;-]*l<iet*, fur 
e rtjiin holy womtii now in ghnv, who h 
onf«f U'l'ti richly dlght iu K"ld aiiO L-ol.inrinjj,, 
liut waA now fut lUil] nnd |!i-i>y as In'r atont 
ciiiio|iy. To h«r, I noted that every ihhm om 
lie prisscd iiiieovctcd reverently ; n hioh w.ia 
in-leed unly fitiinj.% she hein,'^ jKilrout-ss nnd 
x|>eot--d i:unrdinH ufthe t<'wn. 

The d ly's work wiia done, and it w.t9 a 
S-tiurday evcninjf. Therefore were gttliiri-ed 
ahout the Hin-cC cr>rnt-r, under tin- H;di.t, 
many of the Monl^'.-anx witie ineii tak iig, 
iJit'ir CMMO ill the co«ii af the eveiiiiitj an>l di<*- 
cn.>»iii^ the fair or foviitnl neansi at haiid.| 
i'.i»t tiiem would Hit liy,oco:uin.njdi_v, coiuinji 
fmru draWin<^ water ut tho r-Un'.iuit. tha 
Mariefli-iid V'iutorinefl nf the (ilace, in jtetti- 
L-oaU of briijht t:uIoiii'!4 ami tluinty I'.qt^, and' 
with lii tie er<>«ficfi on their necKii. 1 here came 
lty,t')0,a tidl tlai^ luaii, withuota hat, hMMin^l 
up hij4 g»iwn with one liand — nnMisiciir 
L'uii', in a worit — wlio starved fur a fe 
mouionta*tnlk with the w!»-> men. ilU i\ii\*a: 
work nt the church, s)>rifi4 nnd all, wiui 
iiow over, and he waa 8|>cediii^ on t'> tittti 
lii-otbylO-e i-Uisv by. AK)rjclh»-r, 1 wiid to- 
iii\Aeb. tm pietty a tiUJe cabinet bit u;* 1 have 
seen for many a l<>n^ day. 

liunu iho littlu ttlivet fjicin^ im (th#i 
[•atp>n>«d fVuiii licr aiitric c»uld CMmmuitil' 
iindiMiiitbeti |>roii»rct of no le^d ibun ilin-o 
fiivets) came tritipin'* li-^hlly a ytaini,' L'irt in^ 
Itluuk, with a little hiat-k allk Iniud ludi diiion 
over lier h»-nd. 1 uiw her cuuiin^ a lont; wajr 
OH', even f^im the luoun-nl she htul iii»«)iHl 
from thf old IxniAt^ that Irting to hvit u|»i||' 
theftnet. Ah tihe diew tivv^r, Ihcrc i-itme 
Ujiou nie fimhl'idy a nrioiidjH.'ruet' aa 
I niirry and id a jtiit-y hnish and clear linti 
culuui'in^. 1 thuuj'hi 1 reoubuetcd vjukv^i 

103 ii«i<«< 1. 1*7. 

of tlmt fnce nml lig^iirc, au'l, hy the time she 
WM pnsaing under tbe wiiiduw, I liAil plnceil 
her un a. certfiiii giiltery jusi coniiii;; forth 
from the goMeit chiiiulier. with the oM 
Yrllyw Ti;;er a* tinckj;ri>iin'l. So I 8to«i]K!i) 
ovvv Ahi\ called out iofiiy " Faiicliouclte !"' 

She was ii liltle lurllc-l, ninl h^ukcd up 
It WHS FHDchonelte beyoDil all mistake. She 
WAS not Kcnru'l at being so arcoe>te<l, hut 
atojipeil still a mumeui to know what I might 

" FHiichnn»-tle," I said, "don't you re- 
mentU-r 1 How geta ou the old YcUow 
Tiger and ma innie ?" 

She put her httle finger to hsr forehead 

"Ah! 1 recollect it nil noirl" she anil, 
chippitii; her haiida. " I ro-xilleet luoiinjciir 
I crrtH-tly. Mutisieur vrnn cherv," she added 
8».>rii>wr«lly, "all tliAl lerrihle uighl." 

" Wait for n m'Jiueiil, F.inolioiieito," I inid. 
" I am cuiniiij? down lo y<m." For fomeway 
I nlways ehrHiik from that juiteriial uiaiiiivr 
of Lhe Ucveri-nd Mr. Stfiiie, wlioii upfiiiiij; 
np the cotiiiu^ ■eutiiuent:illy ; so I went 
down to meet Fanohouetie — un;;;UI;u»tly 
euoti;fh— at tlie dour. " Nr>w, wimt li.iw 
broii;:ht 3 ou to the-e jwrts V I siid. ** Tull 
luB all your litile hiilory, Fiiii-'huiu^tte." 

" O, m-iUHieur!" she aai'l, "i loft the 
Yell-tw Tiger long siuce, nud I now serve 
nmdaiue — ttiM tall, ihirk lady, who»e aou wam, 
huhui ! «o iiiiaeraLly " 

"Ah ! I n*ri)emher that iii-jht well." And 
the yuuii;; rtiiiicctt, the gohleiidiuired d«uioi- 
sclle, wliert) wtm she I J aiikiMl. 

She hail beeu witli thc^OQiim de la Mi]<6n- 
Cfn\U since a long tiiuc buck — in noviciate, 
F(thi;horictte believed. But had I not taken 
an intt-rcAt in licr — jil least ahv thought ao— 
dinliri the fniiiily ? I hud crrUdniy, 1 a-iid. 
Olid had ufieu lht>ii<{ht of ifaem aincc. Ah ! 
ahe w;iB Bure of iu S)ie hnd iiotiottd it in 
Jiie tliitt riighl wlii-u was tccouiitiii'4 
her hUtory — and now, if I wunhl beao guod, 
at> coiide»oeudii)u, alie a.-tiil, putting up lier 
hands, and jictimllj li-eiiibting wjUi e.igeme&s. 
tu roiiio with h<;r for one »hurL tpiuiter of 
an h'.ur to her tniatrva.^. O ! I did not know 
what a relief, wh'it a nuking up from doaei- 
poir, I iihiHtM bring witli luu. 

1 h^.kcd at \\vv a liiih: mystirted. Tu he 
sure, I watd ; hut what culd J du fnr bt-r I 
O, much ; a great dcul I I could help tlieui 
very much indeo.1 I 'Hie lUeaaed Moiher hid 
■«nl Mie lu theiu nn a giuirijiau :ai;^fl niid 
dcliveivr ! M-»dame badT«eu utieily eruj*litfd 
m-«t hope ; but liow all would gu well. 
\Vi>uM I go now ? She wua siuppiug in the 
giiMt hoiisv yoniltT. 

This ttaa myitit-rioiis enongli, Imt I aaid 
by all nii-anti ; and ao Faucln>uett« trippi-d 
on — a mcisenger of good liiiifi;^8 of t;r^nt 
jny— leading Ibu way to the gtoiii houae ihiil 
Uiinv to into thtf alret't. Arrived under its 
rIi.mIow, she hfleil ilie latch soltly, and, 
luaviag tue below, rau ap tu tell madame. 

She was away some five minutes, and then 
called over the ataira that monsieur wiia to 
mount, if he pleased. So I aacemled a dark, 
winding sLaircnse, auch aa are much found id 
EucU miiriaiona, and waa led along a low, 
narrow corridor iuto a large handaume roon&t 
fitted huwever wilK mulliona and pnnea 
of diiimoud p:ittcm much aa in my own tene- 
ment. "Ilt-re, iu a great giit chair (very 
tarnished tluiu^di), surrounded with cabineta 
and mirrors and clucks and china of the 
piittern i^ropulnr in the daya of Ktti)> Louia the 
Fifua'nih, was ^Jadauie I^emoinc, all iu black, 
who ant bjick atitr ami stem in her chnlr, 
regiiriling mc cloiiely aa 1 cime in. I kucw 
her at once. She was juat aa I had seen 
her on the aUiird of the Veltow Tiger, only 
her feiiturt'S h:ul gruwn Bhar|>cnci] and 
pinclie 1 a little ; her eyea, too, ha<t now and 
l)ien a sh.trp, reailesa glare, tShe looked at 
me bard f-jr a fuw luoments. 

*'8itd->wu. mnusiutir, sit down,** she aaid, 
nervously, "here jiiat bc^hle me. Do you 
knowtlmtyou can help us — that ia^if yoa are 
uilliug to do Bu 1" 

I fnid thiit anything I could do for them, 
provided it fell within the next few d»yi^ 
ikey were heartily welciMuo to, 

'*ThaukA, thaukii, thanks V* ahe satd many 
times ovt-r, nith the ibtme nervoua m:iuner. 
*' You aliall beiir first whut is wante^l of 
you — not ««i very nuich after all. Jtather, 
lirat, what do you know of aa, or must I go 
ihi"»ni-h ihc whole wreLcln?<l stury J*' 

'* If she alludeti," I aaid, "to a certain 
lalal night aoiue four yeara since, why — ■-** 

" All, true I I had been tiiere. Fauchunette 
hnd luld liet alt that. Well, mousieur," alie 
went ou, rubhii>g her thiu tinjfera together, 
" how du yuu aupp>>ao my nduciiible life has 
been apeut sincu then t Wlmt hu bufii tuy 
f'M>d ;ihd nuuriohmeut all that uUUe t 

1 alio-<k my head. I could not pretend to 
aay wh.-tt hiid been midihrne's oacn|itiLiun. 

"Try ! try !" she 8ai<!, striking the smooth 
knob of lit-r chair, lier ey*-a ranging from 
object to i>t>jtfct iu the (piiuk, re«tU-ss wny I 
hud uutiiH^d. *' WhaL w.-ui (he Hiteiit empl»y- 
meiit fur the poor bixiken-Uearlcd uiuUwrl 
Cimiu I Make agui^aa, monsieur !" 

it hitd grown a little ilarker now, and 
there were cth.idowa gnthering round the 
nphuUu-ry of King Ixids* day. Fur nt'iirly 
a miuutu no one spoke-, ueiLnur I, uor Fau- 
cbohetie atunding behind her miureaa'ji vhitir, 
nor the grim lady heraelf waiting an answer 
so aoluriiiily. Madame Lad beeu iruvelliug^ 
no doubt, I siiggeiite>l. 

** Ui;;lii," said mndame, •* we have been 
travelling wearily: abjuring the great oon- 
lineiit of Lnivptj from end to eml. Poor 
Kanchonette ia lired, uud 1 am tired. Doea 
nMU^iieur" — heru she st*JO|>id fmwHid, inur- 
ing uervitunly into my iH.-e ; — 'dues iuou«>enr 
ever recuilbft nn»etiuir — iu any uf tnu j;reat 
public placed, fur inatauce — a mau wiih light 

Cfcart- Ihrti— I 


(larMil.tB;.] 103 

yeUiiw mnu*t»ich«, white (eeOi, and a false * sorrowa an'l hjrpnTe, hnnilsome cniifiUnntiM), 
•milt'. L«t monsieur see hi9 ilv^enptiim, us so wnni Hn>l Hharjieueil with siirfuwa. ll wna 

ofliouilly ilrawti u|>, with prrtjwr tfl^iiiilriieiit. 
EvKM, iirey ; anae, archi tt ; h<-i.-ht, niediuia ; 
liair, jfltow ; niid the rent of it. We have 
been travelliugnfVrrliiui, moiinrt'itr." 

1 Was now bf^^iiwiiu^ to iiu>ier»lA.lifl. 

•* Well/* slio went on, "we vrere hunting 
th«t Bha-lovr up aiiH duurn, Irackinj^ ihotw 
ifioUHLiclien hoiitftmuly, wtilioiit uitl 

hani to resist the jiitenun, eanieet look, with 
uhioh Hh« hii<i wniu-il fur my uiLtwcr. 

" A Iroublvil time you inu^t have had of 
it, my poor girl." I uid to Faiicbouette, aa we 
went ilown to the door. 

" Ah, yes, mousieiir ; " she said, ** hni 
we woiiM have travelled to the -worlla 
end Ui find hiiu. I have do fe.ins. The 
deliver him up to justice 



veil ..,.._,, _ _. ,_ 

fev.m iny one, for how luiig, Fanchonette 1 , IViu Dieu will 

Ah, for tUrvt.' years— yes I At the end of yet." 

tliree year*, inonnieur — three weary yeant — Tlie next day waa Sunday, and a very 

we had hnntt^ him down — tm'krd him brij^hc featival inoruiiig it aeeinetl to be, 

borne. It wwttinie, thuuyh : fid I time ! We Looking I«t-tiiuc9 fiom luy liille aiHcment, I 

li«>[ not streii;;th for much more, Fan- 8a<v the whole town juitir, amt, in the stixet 


efaonette t " 

•* Wbere did you 6nd him then, madamef " 
I said. 

•• All ! where ? Why, in a lonely Gernian 
t^wn, at theftot of t'le uniunUdtis. But what 
nite wns it ! We hnd no frimd^ among the 
grr»i. ouex, and ci>tihl not hiy a tinker on him 
in lliAt forei^i c-jtiutry. All tl>»c waa iHt 
to (14 wa» Co keep wat'di over htm untd 
he ehonl) Nj drawn back again \>y hia d.-a- 
liny — a* tli^y «ay aueh nwn always iire 
drawn — to his own wjuntry. How long 
did we k<^*p watch over him, therc^ 
Fanchonetie T^ 

•• For ten ni'mlh*, raadame." 

"For ten monihi, ntid tlien he departed, 
as I kuf w he wciultl, and crept Imck lo Ina 
own land. And now,** she itni>l, lowf ring her 
voice in a i»hi'<]»er, ''he ts dose by ns here — 
in the town of DeziOtua, not fivw mile« 
away " 

Mailnnie panned here for & moment, stiK 

making lowarda the church wheiv wk^ to l^e, 
jirMieuliy, the gnuit maKS. Iliey eani'? in 
all manner of costumes: alHiudauce of hi^h 
white cAjui, and hrluiit ahawls and pet i- 
ciiata v:irie;.'«iing the tide. There were mtnie, 
too, fpuu the cuiiiitry ontaide. drawn along 
liy stont hoi-a-KjadonK-d with gay hnrneai^ctnd 
fiingts. TIhth were stout piitriaruhn triidij- 
iti^ tdong, buhlly lennini; ttn their ifONdMLiiik-s 
and y*!iiMg giria — the jSiiiri*^ and Victotim^ 
of l.iHt ni'^lti — with noil jwn* ill th'.'ir hairimd 
(;reHt l>'>iii]at<ia. uiid {•alhuna in Moumcm w;dk- 
in;* beaide them, do they went by j uLl bound 
for the grand uiAa^ 1 would go to the grand 
maaa aliKi. 

H'gli alt-ir abundantly deeke<l with aiv 
titicial white rosea; little altnri in little 
by-cliapela deckel alao with artiti<^> white 
rose^. Whit« rosea round the capitjiU of 
the Lall, grey pilhirsL White rosea along ilie 
organ-^idlery. and nronnrl the aiigeli. and on 
the heitdof the piet<y stMttte of oiir laily, or it 

to keep audi tokeno. Mon Dieu .' " alie luldi-d, 
Ufi^in;^ op her tliio htnda. *'it ahnll tuiii out 
to Ik he, anil uo other. He ia lying at 
Uii« momeul in DexiOrea^ awaiting fur hU 

* In what way, then, dear madame, would 
jon hjiv^ me aa-iat yon ( " 

•* Funchofiette dues not know this man, 

pliyini; feveriahly with the emootli kjtob of mi^'ht be of our Kiint and patroness, m the 
Der chair. ] middle uf the iti«l«i. This waa ttie ficst im- 

** ileie ia what we would ask of you, if preaainn uijon the aenaea of the curious 
jo« wonhl Dot Ihttik it loo much. Fan- atninger. 1* he secret of tliia waxte of wtiito 
ehonetf* hjt!( lte»-n into Ihi:* town and has nuu'.'f wjia thia; it waa the |Mtroui-aA*8 fettti* 
bf^^ht b^ek aoiue idle story a^KJut ita nut < valnjay^ aud, on looking elmter, 1 round that 
being the man ; no (ul>«e ami e, she say*, nitr I very many of the bouqucla ha<l, iu fact, 
yellow mO(iHliu-h<'a — a.t If he were fool enough fonml their way to the feet of her elH;;y. 
~' Tl>ere was to be a grand fonoti-in, in !*h</rt, 

and it WMS couti leiiily •^A|>euted tliat M. le 
yrand vicMire-gHieral of tlte, would 
cunie expreaaly and celebrate the palmneaa 
iu a imneLnric ; but n little doubt hung 
over Ih'ui pmapect There waa alto'^ether a 
bl-i-.;ht, innocent nafiect about the cliUich 
interior aa I at""d looklnit «lown at ii from 
and my poor eyea ore old and weak and the jcirch. ao well peopled wiih ita ranks «fj 
wool I nut help me to know hifu. tieo ua j;:ult-dres«rd iHvi>jintlT, which struiik lue aa ' 
brr^, then, mnnaieur, two frieudlf** wom'/u, another of L. use choii*e pictnrea for uhieli 1 1 
anJ uive us this help. Go iuU> that Uiwn. waa imlebted to tliis little place. There was 
•re him, B|¥?ak with hin^ pnd*o hiJi very [ a tail man in a cwkifl-hat who wtu ■■ver-l 
Mul, and if he Itim pale have theiu ready to' powr-ring in lii» attentjous, unprom|U-d byJ 
ruah in «p«m him. How were we to com-' uierceiwry moti*-e8. When the grand ina.<4| 
j**»^udi thingi t" began, a Hoo.1 of boys in white, a fl..od .,{,„,. 

I CTiul I oiiW promise that I would act forth ' in while, together with a train of lay figured 
tor l^rc'CiW not that Satunlay niuht— it displaying upon their backs the cw-e-.m " 

Ung (ar 1-ki late— but toward* noon the coj^-a lent bvailjoining pamh'-aiodu )k.ii .^ 
-prttl day, when aha miiiht dei*nd on mv beat to the palroue^ and now SI. le cunO tiim 
Wertioua. I waa touched by tne poor Uidy'a aelf, celebrant in a du»lm2 robe, never 


101 i* i.i»7.J 


rcM4wt«d %j 

by M<>)itp.'Riix eyps — fre«Ii from FiiriH — \ 
ceiisoi'H, (iLhiting clouds, gojil, silver, ^{litter, ' 
Uiicliett, auil »weel frayiant'e,— timt was tli« : 
foticLinit. Alitck, for Llie niiuie, tliutigli \ 
chfiuutcil. iudtfi'd, wiih & will, but disMMiAiit, 
ami of the nose unaal. Kor cmi 1 restrain 
a [,'CiHle retiioiihtratice ngitiuat the Icntlifrii 1 
cpii'it] iustriiiiieut — tlint cruel tlisenchnutt-r ; 
— worket! wU.h remoi-aeless vk*<tiir Uy the 
Tuli!il (.'niri of ihe jilnce. At lliu vu>] of lli« 
fourtinii— when tltu pntruncss i-rhai-iiily lionit- 1 
bickto her vcsting-plnve — coiuea » inoiueiit 
or iiiiolenilile auapcuse. Haa M. le grand-' 
vicaiie come? Will be come 7 In a njo- 
tiirtit inaii* there is seusnliou in t)iu churuli, 
for tlifi'c iftAiie fiiith hoxs in white, tlic men , 
In wh>to, the lay figurts even ; auil, iHStly, 
Wfilkiiig miKleally with M. le euro, M. le ] 
gr»iii!-\io.ilrH Itiuisulf. Jit* h:u4 come tlii*n, 
tlip loiijj rlesiilei-ated ! A lai her fluriil, portly 
m.'tii, M. lu ^i^nnil-vicftire, but true as ntefl, 
nn<i hns cutiiu iweuly UJika that rooming' f<'r 
thc* [tatruncftit and her fl-ick. He will iliiie 
with M. le cnru in Btnie, and meet tlie mnire 
and other gn-iit ayndics. A very excellciit 
Beinuoti friini AI. le |;ratii1- vi^viirc, fvdl of 
eoimd truths, with a little vanii^h ot' a Paris 
ncttsnt ovtiT nil. For, he is imt i>ruviiiciid, 
ai»d lijith eminent proeptcts of being u bishop, 
Nnd tlioM* vol 80 remote i-ithcr. A great day 
ah(»-elh«T — .1 vtry lii;;h teatival ! 

Si. I.I tly «fter iiooiilt<le, n sort of calO-hf* pent 
over fruni lX'Zt<^iuH,de]i;irted by the iiurLhc.rn 
ai(ir- ttf the town. There were, inside ui th»t 
cul6L')ie, Madjiiio Ifcmuiuf, Mtulemuiseile 
Fjiiifliuiietl*', and myself. After all. ntoJauie 
hnd ileci\lcd, almost tit the hisl niiuxtv, to ^'u 
fitrwaid to DeziOres aud wuit llH-rv the 
piu;{re8S of events. | 

111 iii>uut an himr'a time then, we were 
atru^'filiiig sl'-wly up the jiaved causeway 
tti'L k'AOM iiitu that town: a much ^rfutor 
and tuore ini|Mifiin}£ place thnn Moiit(<':iux. 

There la ii barricre and tlicre nro « fficiiils 
tlieri-, and octroi ; at wht'h ejiot ue turned 
ahnrply lu the rij^lit, ni»kiug fur a quiet Aud . 
reiiteti house of rest, known rnt the tyon of 
FriiUL-e Inn. At the Hmh of FraiiL-e wei-e set 
do^^u tundiLjne nnd her .nttHinljitii, whilst I 
Went Mif uii fuiil to tht: ThiOt; Ciuid Civwua, 
ou ct-rtaiu buainess ft' luy own. i 

^ t tlic door of ilijiL hi'uso of entertainment j 
I mud<* eoquii-ies in an eusv iinconetTiieil iiuiii- j 
uei : tiiBtiv,»8 to tite liotir they were iiucus- 
tt^nieO t» lay out their talile-iPhOte, and niaons 
to wlietlier i oould be accuniniudnted with hu \ 
apnrtnienl for tluit night It Aaaejcplniued lo 
ni*' tiini, on the Kcare of dinnei-, 1 was unhnp- 
pily too I.itc tor ilie Cuvi tnldt9-d'li6te, which i 
waa laid always at one, precwely. But that, by 
luxtdit; g(H3d luck, thtirv wuuld be another 
laid at live o'cloek, lo suit the cnuvoiiii-utfc of 
aLr.>nj<'r« nrnved fur the festival. As to the ' 
ap-uiuiQUt i might have luy chuicu; forj 
tiaif'iu c^tndidly acknowletlj^t^s there are not 
Qtai.y stopifiiig in tiie houtre. "Bad tiiuva 
lUeao tor buaiiivas," I auy, laughingly. "Cou-j 

fesii, in all lionnur, have yon h:df-a-flose& 
peojdo in your houae f " Indeed he cn» 
a>«uro monsieur that there are at lea^l tliat 
number — or very nearly ao. No, 1 *ay, 
pointing signiticantly U) the koya bung eloie 
by — nU'iit tliive thii-'k — who have yott now 1 
W hy,there was M. Tetit the avocat,'and SI. le 
aous-iienleiiant, xuid now, h-t bini se> — oh, 
yen I Tlieio was M. Faleon,— not e\,icily 
i4ioppiiig in the house ; und there wuri M. 
Itftbi*', professor of langtuigea «nd Ittlltvi 

lettres, and Well, well, I say, so that 

any of Ihtm diue<l, 1 w.ia conteni. O, yea, 
tltcy wouhi dine : luanaienr migliC de]>end on 
that. M.K:tl>be always dijied. Oood. Then 
I would be theix! at ftve. 

I am iiiteret'led iu M. lUbbo, profeaaor 
of langnngcs and Indies letiix'S. I urn dtf- 
sirous of meeting M. It'ihlx; al dinner, and 
nwvking his arquaintauce. I walk up tho 
aU'uit curelc-olv, thinking what manner of 
man ho may turn l>ul to ha. when i aiu seized 
unaccouutaoly with ms^ivings on t'lu e^-ore 
of ray pjia^port, .My pHt>aport,of all thingain 
iJie w<-rld ! Was it perlei-tly en i>5glfl na 
tlieir ptii'sse wad ? Und it its full conij-tlv 
nirntof visas, and sand, nnd stamjis l WkuUI 
it du fur such remote quarters as Deza-ren T 
Who wua to let me know concernin*; tlie^o 
thin;;e ? 1 stiipa pris-ier-by, and inquirtt with 
civility for the liuroau of I'^iasHp-iria. The 
|vts8ei--by is puzzled — not oft*n coming in 
contact with such notions — he supii^^stM I 
may I. ear of it nb the Poliou. Yea ; and 
the Police ? Ah ! that waa in line Pot 
dTtain — Tin Pot Street tbnl is— atraighfe 
as 1 can go. Ttianka. One thuuaiuid 
thanks < 

I proceed, straight asl can go,intrt Tin Pot 
Street, ami discover th« Pulico nl oiu'e from 
the bign of a >;en3-d'arnie hung nut. a& it were, 
at (he d'Mjr. Two other geua-d'armCfiarv sealed 
ou a little bvticli under the window, enjoy* 
iiig the evening. 1 go up to the Si-:i,.u:d 
ask if I may be nJh)wed a few miniiitis' oo- 
veisation with M.le chef, Hei lo<jkahnrd at 
me, moving his hand over his chin with k 
ras|itng sound. Then, with a alow glnuci*, be 
takes me in from head to foot, au>l under 
pretc-tt of pieking up n atiaw, cjulrivea a 
jn'ivate view at my back. 'I'hu bretliii-n on 
tho bench hnvc by tliis time drawn ueari 
Jouk me all iiveq »nd niiiko raK|)iiig auoinls 
on their chins. I ie|K>at my rcqiuj^i ol Iwiirg 
conducted lo the pi-e«cn>-'e of M. le chei. 
Upoti which the Sign — idearly not knowing 
what to make of it— mniions lue to follow, 
and leads me into a tittle bock I'oom. Tlw 
door Is ahut, and I am left nh>n« with & 
gentleman behind a (able — bald, and rather 
full in pcrrtou — wearing a trnve!Uug cap tied 
witii ft bow of ribbon in ft-ont, ■uid un .im-icut 
brown coat : allngether ivcalllng foieiUy 
the men that used to huok you in country 
towns for the lloyal Mail, during the tiue 
old coaching times. 

I Lave some curioua conrcupatioa irith 3d* 


[Avffut I. I«7J lOfi 

'or Tip-irly Iialf an liour. Li sjiile of 

tioiiH, ] finJ htm a man of 

r 1 kitowleilge. ]udc«d, how 

I- tliL'ie al uU were it olher- 

& -Ay, iie has ahuwn me eoma 

V •wii iimktng dimii^ Ihc last 

t Ab I g4> awAy it aeeiua 

L...^ .... ". cher wilt not dine at home 

; but h.-vR tiikoD a. fiuicy fur lo'>iiK 

tie at the Threy OoM Crowns, lie 

much about the time we do, only 

serveii In a little Cubiuet Pnrlicu- 

amM:if. I kiu grieved al not having 

Any 4it the piiUic Labl^ ; for he ia a 

it luid eoay manneia. Eut he Uiu 

oddlliefi, he uys, and so ahrugs me 

rat ten minntea before five, I am 

the Btnirs of the Ttirce Gold 

I Anil ihe HeuU'ii.-Lnt atrendy there 

|p ,^ .1!. '.(I., tip and duwn — jjtiitlenien 

J. ivico |<roviii«^', wiihiii my 

iv . . il and f.aoi ^troua of the 

ir»otiiicheata.blifihmtiut&. AVe ualule 

rr profoundly, aud enter upon the 

lies of there beinj; full or »t^uly 

DOe at tlie apiinvichiug meal. To na en- 

)i4>nUy ft puiple, orb-luced gentleiuau, 

|f the country interest and Squire 

'itB, and then a little smai-t man, 

^ forcibly the popular portraiiti ot 

He ccema, ai it were, perpetually 

^cnit into DOtutj and &ii^le.s aud comes 

ly with Uie geittlemuu ot'tlie couutry, 

Miue l'jc»l interest euergelically 

iitted finger. 

tlieiii wnlkfl out tlie host of the 

ill Crowns, heniUUn>5 the soup — 

I oiuen that no more are to come 

be waited for. But the professor 

tra tfingues and bcllca lettrcB, 

h«t I am 80 iotere«ted lu tliin 

)f M. Rabbe, that I feel myself 

ronblod and uneasy in mind, aud 

y iiutaiil towai-da the door. More 

' oa I know from sounds behind 

;Iou that there iit a geuLleman being 

ftrivale — continK^^iit, aa ii were, upon 

IS arrival. Pcrlinp.i M. Habbc may 

rate reasons for not desiring to meet 

iri'^«>ily I am very mucli diMturbtMl, 

|) "(|y of the Uiio, pale Uuly 

b n of France. 

blip uicD laputoti. Uffieioua gtr^nn 

Puatf ttiiit tlitt chiller of China ware 

If— '■ m. M. l*e'it — for I have 

II that M. Th lets' portrait 

t(. 'l>vH !',r (h.> whole cinupany. 

i V laid upon bis 

I II his pUtc ; now 

U]Aiu hi>« uwD {.(aim. He ia for 

^tniting tiling with Little construo- 

tiis knife nud fork, hia napkin aud 

He iliiiti'itcta me from what 1 am 

- rvoujily. The eous-lieute- 

u MCOipt biiu cheerfully us 

J n .uiuuC reply — fur Uicir souls are 

now laid conscienlioualy to the great work 
before them, 

Juet as the soup U being taken away, I 
cattih the sound of a distant step upon tbe 
ataii-s. Our host catches it too ; for he bids 
Antoina stay his hand, and leave the sonp 
for M. Kahlie. For another moment, my 
heart is beating bai->], ami there t.'nt*!n* some 
one bowing low, nud full of soft ajtolugiett— a 
little wurm, too. with the halite he has made 
— and wiuiijg his forehead with hiu handkei^ 
ohief. An, Fanchonette I For all that arti- 
ficial strip of boldneaa reaching even to tlie 
biLCk of the head ; in apite of thoee ahoni lips 
and chocks ; of that limp neckeluth, swulhed 
in many folds and brought down ujKin the 
chest ; of tlutt buucli of seals ; and the long 
t>I.ick garment a shade seedy at tbe coIUr; I 
BIT you should have known ^I. Kabbe, in one 
second, at that comely town I I 
would have picked him out i>f a thotisiuid. 

He was one of AL Pelit'» own oiiole of 
friends; for that gcntlemuu saluted him heart- 
ily as he took bis seat. A vfry agreeable mau 
wag M. Rabbe, and entertatueU us wonder- 
fully for the rest of dinner ; excepting that nt 
times he had a peculiar manner of diaplaving 
his teeth, and I could not help fancying ayellow 
moustnelie juit over them. lie spolEo cheer- 
fully of the uiurning'a fonction, aud^of tbe 
admirable senuon of il. lo vicaire — such 
plain, sound doctrine, and so good for the 
people ! Then he OdU upon fiscal questions 
with M. Petit, handling tliem wi^i a certola 
skill. The lieutenant is, all this while, too 
hard at work for meiv converse. 

At last H. Petit, looking at his watch, dis- 
covers that he hss important business else- 
where, and BO depaits with a bow that takaa 
in all the company. Tbe lieutenant risM 
about the same time ; bethinking bim of tbe 
little caf6 in the Square of tbe town. Remain 
therefore, the country interest, myself, aud 
M. Kabbe : who aays with a pleasant smile 
that he knows of a particular Vclnay, now 
lying in our boat's cellars, and would tike 
leave to order up some, fur our special 
tasting. At this moment Uiere ore sounds of 
movement behind the partition, and presently 
enters with bowa, my friend the chef, with 
newspaper in one band, aud bis glass aud a 
slim wine-flask in the other, begging to be 
allowed to join the company, l confess I 
scarcely know M. le clief again. He is 
strangely mettLmorphosed, having now got 
up a little of the aspect of a town burgher 
in his Sunday suit: with a brusque loiial 
tons of speech. No traces hei-e of the 
brown garment and the ancient travelling 
cap 1 He dmws in bis chair, louks ruuuu 
ou us cheerfully, aud I now feel that th« 
time for buuness is at hand. 

" You do meet excellent wines*' — I say, in 
continuation of the Volnay discuaaion— " iu 
some of those little towns up and down tbe 

"Ay/ saya M. le cUat, bulding bit gUa 


100 tAftcMLUHJ 


to tbe light, "nnd perhajA nowbere bo good 
ua iu thie towu of oura.*' 

"Tbegeutleman ie rigbt," says M. Falcon, 
with an oath of the true wtsteru faahiou — 
only in fVeoch — "let them match our wines 
U they cau ! P&rdieu ! I say vhat is kuown, 
and can be proved t " 

** He has reawtn !" M. le chef aiys, glancing 
at me ever Ro little. "Tnistto a cleanconntry 
cftbarct for pure honest wines ! ** 

"Yw," I reply, "I have trnvellwl over 
many l«ft^aea of France, ami I think tbe b«»t 
wtnefl I nave lallen in vitb, vere at an old 
CAbaret in the ■outli" 

« Where, if I may take tbe liberty ? " M. le 
cbef oaks with interest. 

•• Let me see," I anawer reflecting, "it ia so 
long Muce. Ah to be sure— down near 
Troves somewhere, at a house called the 
Yellow Tiger r 

M, Babbe was about to drink whoa I began 
tliinspeech. Ai themomeut the vorda Yellow 
Tlgfir were spoken, his glass was not an 
iui.;li from his lips. He started. Hia arm 
•book 80 violently, that the wine ran over 
hix gluaa. Th«n he swallowed it all olT — 
every droi\ with a gui[>— hiwtily to hide his 
while lips, and stole a coweraig look rouuil 
tito table, juat cAtcIiing M. le chef in the 
kH of kiAuitjf; forward Willi h'm hands upDii hia 
ktie<>)i, watching liira with intense curiosity. 

" What are roii all looking at me for iu ihin 
Way t " ho Mii(| Aiiyi'ily. 

** We are coucenied for monsienr*M health," 
BJtya the chef, "lest he should be seizetl 
with auddeo sickness. That name of Yellow 
Tiger seemed to have eiich strange efTeot," 

M. Itabbe looks at him uneasily for a 
mctiueiit ; then laoglis more uneasily still, 
and fills out for himself another bumper of 

•* To go back to this Yellow Tiger wine " 
■ays M. le cbef, reaebing over for tbe flaak, 
" was it 80 good now, really ? " 

" Famous ! And I ought to remember it 
well. For tbe ntght I dmtik of it there was 
unrder done in tbe Yellow Tiger Inn ! " 

Again M. Kabbc's glasA was stayed in its 
eonrse. And the precious Yolnay scattered on 
the floor. He was looking over at me with 
a painful, devouring expreaaion, which I shall 
never forget. 

" Monsieur must be unwell,** says M. le 
chef, with anxiety ; " the gentleman will 
recollect that 1 said no at first." 

" I am very unwell," gasiH M. Rabbe stag- 
gering up on his feet, and not taking his 
eyes from me, " very unwell indeed. I shall 
go out into the fresh sir, it will revive me." 

"The thing of all others iu tbe world," M. 
le chef says ; " nothing is so good as tbe cool 
fresh &ir, with a litth; eau de Cologne to 
the temples. Stay," sajra hL le ebeffrising 
with good-natui-ed alaority, ** kt mousiuur 
lean on me, tilt he gets to the garden. il<t is 
weak evidently. Oh, there ls nothing like 
the cool air I 

So M. le cbef gets roonrieur*B arm . 

bis own. Tliey go out together, and M.1 
chef gives me one queer look from oiexV 

TImt evening It fell out that a stmn^fl 
of gens-d'urmes, with bayonets fix^i J| 
drawn cloB'-ly round a hand-cuffe<i mang 
past the Sfju of Franco Inn. There,1 
thin la^ly In bbiik atoM at a frrmt wB 
It was nearly certain, I was informed, ibJ 
the destiny of tbe handcuffed man, «oul_ 
be resolved at the Bagaes or galle}-^ tt 


I roiiyo myself by tbe decrees of the Fit 
in the winter of eijjhteen hnmlr"! 
five (one of the cohiest of re-' 
during one of the coldest of I' 
at an evening piirty in the rue de > , 
I'Kveque, iu Paris, The heroine of thii 
tng party for me was neither a rtisy^ 
moiscUo nor a queenly madamc^ but : 
row (la Pierrette*). During a jnbtler : 
cf enmnci])ntion from the news and the wl 
the muKic .vid the dancing, the men exfl 
biting their distinction, and the woQid 
displaying their beauty, I espied \ 
brown ball upon the top corner of 
aud lofty gilded mirror, fastened 
wall in a corner of one of the roomsT 
ligence is a substantive femioine, 1 1 
on account of her ctiriosity ; and my 1 
gencQ immediately rushed into my pyt 
began peeping, starini^, and 
to discover what the little ' 
the ;;itt. cornice might be. Mjc smmu 
out it was a sp.irruw rolled up into a bsl^ 
with ilA l<eak under ita wing, aud faiit aslea|k 
My inte1Iij*fncc wsa immensely enjoyiflff IM 
problem how a 9pan*ow <s^"\'^ t.-.v.* K^ff^ 
thu.H tsuied ami domeuticatt^ . i.- 

ta^ion of curiosity spread : 
oeighboars in the i\>oro, and trom room 
rw>m Ihronghout the whole assembly, ji 
a circoUr npple makes more aud] '^ 
oular rip]>lcs upon the surface of 
Boou found I was iu a crowd of p< 
gazing iu one direction. Treble Toh 
bo-u murmurs accompanying theo 
quite a concert of nudodious cries of 
Just before the mirror, marble arms ! 
candles statueaquely, yot nearer and iwa 
aud higher and higher. Sotw*- . rii,._-i» he 
and arms, <lono in stone, won 
a sculpture-room. But tli y y^.vt 

roused by the light. Awakened an-i ^t.lI1U 
rather Ihau friglitened, the spnrrnvv fie 
round and round the room, and aii 
its gilded ]H!rcb again. And d< 
pliaooe with ray repeated requt 
moiselle rApphvoiseuse de a1> 
been kind enough to write out 
story of this sparrow, and I have the pic 
of submitting it to my readers. 




Ijbfw* L m;.1 107 

A* t>i* nrrnmstftocea are extnordiDary, I 
oiilj- a few worvis to the incre- 
I am one of muny persons 
' ' ■■' Been thin Bp-irrow fly 
In which 1 8:iw her. 1 
I thi« spfixrow leave her 
roofd aikI in the treei. 

%Xi. .... -:t. until the window whs 

JH^ed. 1 hnvr s<-.ri Uvf Btmlj the couote- 
■aocv* of the pcixms iu tho roora. Sherloea 
ift like my looks, fur vxAiuple ; »D(I the 
ruth is, I ]uiv<> in my timt> iliswct«4l imlivi- 
lisais of her kiml i ui'l perhnps, a guilty 
cieacc neediuc uo acciisur, she Be«» my 
' face. I may hiive a ilisiwct-hirtl 
Bgh I ho)>e iiot. Moftt certainly I 
-!— T ' ' T (lark hazel eyes gAze at me for 
hnvo Icained from her niiinner 
.-. ■..-.i...of Die tk'ci'ledly a auHpiciou* 
ter, whow presetu'e on t)ie premises 
iBfferoua. Sue tnii^ts all ladies iinpli- 
lfi> hft.Te the plefwupe of aeeing her 
I the roon)» I hhve hnd to make myself 
A9 in a comer. Whi*n the jwrBoiia 
bnire excited herdlstruBt. are hidden, aUo 
plo tlie room, nnd ihe window is shut 
»b«r. From her cornice the can cou- 
r«T«n luen-fulka with connxieare. 
to liv»>, says MaileiiU'ifl'dle l*Ap- 
; de Mt', in my prewut abode, 
la Ville rEviJitie, Paris, iu April, 
n..n lii.ii.Ircd .iiid hlty-one. AliuoHl. my 
I ra:iku ft »ort of garden upon 
>• u[»i>n which the aunnieat 
^>ruaiii ppena. FinfUiit; that tho apnr- 
|ata op all 'he h^st bloeayois, I provide*! 
1 lUpfily • '■ ■ \ niid bi-ea<l crumhis, 

I iftlirjr soo:. It to l<e better food 

Uiij -la.) i perceived lliat one 
et..uld •carcely fly. It fluttered 
-' re I 8At'r»t work, and at 
ini»en«iblo. I called my 
ikitful in the tre.itra-nt 
I. She found that thi-* 
llaird l. : ^ . n ita leg and injured ita 
We contrived to set the broken limb 
aif we I'oidd, ami bound it with 
i to a lucifer-raatch byway of a Bpttnt. 
. was much iwDUvn, but a bath in a 
of warm writer soon relieved it. 
, it (u a Moll w.irtu urAt in a cage, and 
wtiit to sleep. That our feel lonely, we placnl 
•.' liiivt of two canaries, Paul 
1 ho live iu the window. They 
t ,,, ;.-l,U.,iM^ : .'Hid tho di>f>r»i 
. the canaripfl 
nvaILd ; and 1 
I piitliing townrda it Utile 
ibmiwli the 1>ara of tlie 
^'Uiil would Hit by the ne*t »nil 
Ui6 aparTuw «|i(^nt*ver he h:ul K 
" ivpare. WUbi nur guest 

lo join its ' i on the 

;■ ' - ' . ;iiiin back to 

lod for al»out 
IW(^" •>iik v.v.j lu.. uing, returning 

reg^ntarly at eventide. It then left as alto- 
gflher, and wo aaw it no more, except now 
and then, when it flew in for a moment to 
pick np a hurried meal LooiM now gne&Sed our little friend had egga, and wa dia- 
cuven^i that «he too lived in a hole in the con- 
vent wall which forma one side of our garden. 
Tliat day we gave her the name of Pierrette. 

To my Burjirise ftbo arrived one morning 
with a young bird ujjou her back, Tlicro it 
sat with the tipa of ita little win^a slipped 
under the winga of its mother, and ita tender 
claws buried in her feathers, so that it could 
not fall during their flight. Having landed 
her little one inside the window, Pierrette 
fed it abundnntly. and then lowei^ed henielf 
down by its Hide, to emible it to mount eiisily 
upon her back to \te carried home. In due 
time she brought all her Ave young ones, 
ranged them in a row on tho carpet before 
rae, and then flew upon the flounce of my 
dreMj and, by her vriatful looks, aeemed to 
invite me to admire her family. While elie 
fed her little ones inside the window, her 
tuate^ Pierrot wu called him, atood outaide on 
the rail, to be reaily to warn her of any- 
coming danger. 

As the yoni'g ones grew from day to day, 
it was wonlt'iTiiI to «e*? with what care 
Pierrette tmgijt. the two elder of the brood to 
feed thtir little hrothera. They evidently 
uuderatood all ahe said anil aoun set to work, 
while aheaat on a sprig of ivy watching their 
movements. Tlie good sense and tenderriesa 
evinced by thcite parent birda in the manag&- 
meot of their vouitij, wem perfectly mnrveU 
lous. When t^»e tittle onea (piorreMed over 
their crumbii, or pUKhed one another aatde 
iu the cageruoaa lo catch a drop of dew from 
any ivy-leaf, Pierrette would interfere with 
gentle deciaiun and set them to rights directly. 
On more aerioua oocaalons Pierrot would step 
in to restore order by means of vehement 
language and a peck or two of his beak for 
the more turbulent. 

And so thev went on» until theae baby 
binU grew to be large and atrong, Pierrette 
then began to think of another brood, and 
divApiM'fti'eil aa ahe hail dune before. As the 
time drew near for the second brood to 
visit US, it aeemcd to be Piernit's duty to 
keep the flmt brood from coming into the 
i-oom, ao that the new Utile onei and their 
mother might have their territory in the 
window quite lo themaelvea. 

One eveuiu; in October, instead of going 
home as usual to iilee|>, Pierrette reniained 
with ua. She flew rapidly round and round 
the Totm^ and at Uat selected for her re.4t- 
ing-place the top of a lookiug-glasu iu the 
leaat freqneute<l comer of the room. Whru 
aha had latistieil herulf that ihia waa a 
good p4«iLtuo, ahe «ane down to the win- 
dow which was atilt open, eat her nupper, 
chaltvd with her friemia the canaries, and 
then flew back to the top of her hioking- 
, glass for the night. From that time ahe 




lOe iMMwmtt.mB4 




hu nerer f&n«d to lAtrp bera dariB^ tbe 
viutar montlu. I^fore »be luve* ns in tba 
niornini: the al'vari cau a eood bmkfiut 
Muj uIlm ft linth, uhI inTkfiaLljr has a little 

rvp with I^uil aad Virginia. TIm windov 
gvDeratly open for b«r towards auneet, 
but if it liappcns to be abnt *Le pecks at il 
and calls im uotil we o[wu it. She alwars 
loaiu in before she enter*, U> aee what «ori 
of eotopany may be in the room. If she ftee« 
aiir one ahe <)o«s uot fane}*, she waits qnietij 
in her ivj bower uutil lliej go away, befate 
•he ireut<ircs to come io. 

Two Jews Bgo^in the winter— our poor 
Pierrot was very ill. Hr- * ^^ for help, 

and t'»k refuge in my m ■ Pierrette 

did her utiUMt to in'i Jv. l-^ go ap to 

faer retreat on the lookin^-glnsa. but be w:u« 
far too weak to fly. Kiiiilii>c him deaf to ber 
counsel she became very augrr, screamed at 
him sod flapped her wiii;.% mvi at lfi*t sri^.v' 
him ou her back by the top of hia 
shook him riolently in tbe air 
wisbed to kill biiii. After repealiag ilaa 
»trHii;;o tre-tlmcnl, several times, she went to 
rooat bei-self. Sbe tiever saw bini ajain. I 
ftit up half the night tryin-; to ounif-^rt \>oot 
Pierrot: heseeuied ao mticlt to «iij'>y bviu;; 
breathed OD and kept warm in uiy b.iiulji. I 
hoped he might recover, for he crept under 
the book-case and went tu strep, but Louise 
fuuud him in the morning lyljj^ quite dead 
iu the middle of the room. 

Pii'tTvlte had do difficulty fa) finding 
anoUier mate, but not a second geutle 
Pierrot. The new husband proved to be 
riolent in leni{>er and somewhat despotic in 
his notions. Slie brought her first brood after 
this second marriage to show us before there 
was a feather to be seen on nnv one of the 
yonng ones. Pierrot the Second loltowed in 
hijih wiBth, Bcolded and pickci at her in a 
way that mtt»t have astonished her, anJ then 
stood by while she carried thctu, every one, 
lioine again. Ever since that adventure sbe 
Wfliu to bring u* her little ones until they 
are able to fly with her. 

F'ierrette has Ijve bruods of five okc"* every 
atimmer. Thia year, June, clghtttu Tiiuidri^d 
and tifty-sevvn, sIil' has a second hrootl of full 
fledtjed. She i«, conaenuently. th* mother ofi at 
leasts a hundred and thirty young 8parrowa« 


I itw the lesvn drop trembling 
From ercsu ofeonj linrn ; 

Tlie winil wuif tbrou^li the bnuchos 
Mott loiTOW-Wftiiing tfajtnoK 

Vo floirrr in ill the rallora 
Look'd up Willi f«re of niirtht 

But tbrmid-like vkpour ruled 
Upon tli« bloomlcM earth. 

Tbeu fearful thoughts, too trutli-lika, 
Of iiiticr cli«D)n lod hli|tht 

Cun« u'cr mv •lartlcd •jiint, 
Ai fell tbe eu\y night 

'Hal, Autamn,** cried l^^^wstier 
TW Icsn* from famt>tRM ; 

AaJ aieta tkt«v|ti addra'd brsnchct 
Tbj wsilaq thnnediri. 

Bat ipuv tlili b««rt the vefdura 
TImi raked il in tke ffrisg, 

Atwl Id ih» ■uaiinarV eokoN 
Siill roosd my fat^irajr tioi; f 

Re«c «^; OB Iha wllrjri^ 

Drrv nM tlisl bnn{ett death ! 
B«t bffv«ti« b«t •& iliu boMn 


Tt B«ia9 probable, from m.anv Hviiiiitfimi, 
iiucrosoope i^ about Us 

■' day; we appear Vj - -vo 

■wtopc mania. For some time past, 
jiating iustrument has taken its 
us an indispensable aid to science. The 
^;ist coufidt^ntly appeals to its eriJeoce. 
n-.'icn ho aaaerta tliat coal U only fosaUtseu 
TegetAble mbataBC* ; that chalk and othur 
irnporrant stimta are in greiit part composed 
(if shells; that a minute frai^nituit of a torith 
L>cIouc^ to a reptile and not to a fish ; that 
a splinter of liono had traversed the air, age* 
and ages a"o, in the body of a flyinijt ItnJd, 
and not in that tif a bint Fur tliu anatoniisi, 
the medical man, and the zoologist tngeuenl, 
the microscope ia not an iostrtuueut which 
he can use or neglect at bis pl'*a«tir^- f)n 
Uie contrary, the objects for will " 'he 

employed are determinate. Il '.o 

teach a nnmber of facts and ex i 
tude of organs, which can be st <i 
by the naked eye, nor by tl-- - 
insti'umeut. Huch are, tl lj« 

tissues, the phcnomeua at' 
of the blood, the vibmtioiJ-' 
cul«isi, animals, and men ; 
the muscular fibres, and many 
of the highest interest. !> 
learned pursuits, which are the bmu; 
of tho comparative few, the microiieope oi 
on ioexhatutible treaaory of amuaemeot 
crowds of amateurs who niin no hi^' 
than to obtain a little useful iufonuai 
respecting the nature of the ontinary obJ< 
by which they are earroundf' "'••^ 
content to admire beauty a:i 
design, even when tliey cj^nnot ; 
final causes. To the invalid or Uuuu jnriiion 
coulitied to the house, to tho wth inito yf 
bufiinesa whose eool is weary of > t 

loutly dweller in a country ttjm 
little or oidy ODcougenial stKiety >s i" I'v 
— to such persons, and to many others, a 
plants and minerals from the nearest ' 
or stone-hcnp, a box of the conuni 
insects, a half-score of wide-mouthed bol 
containing water-weeds — some from any 
neighbouring pool, utbent from the seaBhort 
— will supply a succeesloQ of eutertainmeol, 
which is incredible to thoM who have nut 

. ancRoacopic preparations. 

C*a|Mi 1, mt.] 100 

».l- !>(»? «i]*?Tiinent Nor is ilut the occu- 
ile ihtia occupying 
■\f attain a eom- 
iiitf Oreut Artlficer'a 

£i-vf. View 01 
t SDii power. 

Ilia I 

nlri- uii tii^c 

ncc, ;i ; -i; tiitiir 

BcroBCOpic niuauuuiA, oa otben koep their 

upi? x»Siuig€ri«8. ColIf^clioDd and 

uf microsooptc prcparatioiifi Arc to 

chiu(t<t], contaitmig from a dozen to n 

D(l uLtjecta and upwards ; and Vt»U and 

jae* are publiiUied from wliicU the 

niay chooee the arliclea tb&l best euit 

I ta«tc Ml- Uliutraio his studtea. With the 

li-l ..!' ill..,.. r.r^jviratioDfl, there is nu reason 

o|H9 should not become an 

r.iwing-room recreation, quit^s 

a« tlie ateroi^scope, over which it faaa 

rantage cf variety, to speak of nothing 

or higher. For, aliLon^di tlie per-, 

of iiiiciDscopic objects, drawn and en- 

1 and colonred after life, are often rery 

jful and wonderful performant-i'S, aaU a 

tliem will help you to sj^end &n 

evehiog, atiil they are fauit 

'DothiDga whi-u compnred with the 

thetitseUes as seeu underagootl in-, 

at. Their great utility Ilea in their 

r jrou to recoguiie the originals thorn- , 

I you moot with theut. With the 

^nydrogen microscopes exhibited 

tures, you ouly see the shitdow of 

_ ed ; but, with a good cora- 

iltoruflcope you behold the thing itiM:lf 

^' an>1 bodiiy. 

Tordinary routine of manipulatiou for 

_ Hluction of good prej-iaratiouB will be 

lipiiBd in most eleuienUry treutises ou the 
•mi,.. ;ri ('arfwuiiT, Queckett, Hogg, 
-1. Nevertheless, I will give 
ii'-aial hints, kindly coiumu- 
_ uj an expert pravtitiout-r, which may 
fnl to the tttudeut, and even to those 
: vauced. 
lu II I'Mlsam, If your object be an 

in or any other liable to curl 
ice of tu-»t, (irst evaporate 
li - :-V\-h- io aucha cijusisteuoe 
i y on cooling ; take 
auuicc '.l :..Li, suffer it nearly to 
.ace ou it yntir objtnrt, ami then, 
ject, your glass cover. Heat it 
[y. lite heut, equallwd by the 
<ts the curling, and the prepara- 
ii«d Id the usual way without 

animal preparattans in bal- 

wliich friim cin-'umstancea 

— >,...■ with lurpfiitine, as 

nutlauch like — let 

_ __ __ . .- tieaie"! very, very 

uallr. By this yun avoid Imhbleii, and 

'ftpurule tho'turpeutiuD completely, so u to 

rill har<i 


nuike a finer and clearer preparation. The 
sooner balsam pi-tiit.\nttions are cl«tatied after 
beiug mounted, tlie easier it i« Ui do it. 

lu preparing diatotnaoetek* either fresh or 
from foasil eaitb, there is but one mode of 
rrncuriiig good Specimens. Wash your earth 

iroughly. Having prepan-d tive nr wu 
-.ran cups, puur it from one to the other, 
allowing it to staiid one niiiiutu tii ihe lirHt^ 
twu miuutes in the ^hcund, four in thx itiird, 
eight in the fourth, and &u on in stiuilai' pro- 
portions. Try t)i<-m all under the mioro- 
scope, and you wUl tiud that prubtkbty only 
one will yield good S|vfcimens. 

All saline solution!*, Wing slow of evapora- 
tion, nro easier to mount iu th:in spirit. I'ha 
only art of mounting in lint celU cunsi^sts iu 
the drying of eai-h cunt of vurui^h (^••Id-siM 
is the Ltrat) U'fure t)ic iir.xt is api'licd. In 
Wet weather, tlirei: J;i\sahuuld elnpst-bulwei-u 
the hrat aud second coats ; in dry WL-itthcr, 
one is enough. When Uie second coat is 
OD, the preparation is for the time safe ; the 
third and fourth may he applied at lunger 
intervals. Some few out, of a series of cvll- 
preparatioiis will always s|)oil ; but, by 
adopting this precaution, our exiterlenctHl 
pnu'titioner has been suix^cMful in a hundred 
and furty-eight out of a hundred aud lifty 
pn- para t!o lis, over and ov«r »i,'aui. 

Dry prejKiraUous, npi-jirt-utly so easy, 
puzzle bfgiiiuers must. There is a «iniple 
way of mouuiiug them ; make previously a 
sort of cup ou the glofls slides you keep iu 
store with a ring of gold'&ize palutet] uu thvni. 
The longer they are afterwards kept in utoi e, 
the better, when wanted for use, |>laee un 
them your object ; slightly heat your cleaned 
cover ; drop it on the of gold-size ; 
press it down, aud the pieparatiou m Buishod. 
If not thoroughly and completely dry. the 
size will run. Ditncult scali's for test- objects, 
as those of the lepbnna aud the potlutoc, are 
<1, the writer, think) better mounted dry 
than in balsam. 

Most infusorial animalculea, a« BOon as the 
water in which they swim is eva^»yrated. 
tumble to pieces, or bunt, oven ** going otT' 
gradually and reguhirly, as a Catheiine-wheul 
discharges iU tireworka. No conservative 
Uuid keeps them well enough to allow thorn 
satlsCiictorily to lie olfered fur aolo ; fur 
private examination aud use, five grains of 
rock-salt, and a grain of ahiiu, to the uuuce of 
undiatilled water, Answer best. 

It will bo seen from the^te brief practical 
suggestions, that the preparer's art is uo 
mere mechanical ruuliuo, lie muitt have 
science to know what is wortit preserving, 
taste to arrange it gracefully nnd H>-cunvti<ly, 
and skill bo to emlwhn his object as lo retain 
its beauty for future mlmirors lie must 
have an artistic eye, a (iue touch, uu eiteu- 
sive kuowleilge of Nature'^ miuutias aud a 
hand practLMid lu the niauipolAtion of hia 

• Sm nousohold VonH VOL si* . I'fM fiM UMi 1M. 


110 fAnrt«l.l%7j 


(OwlMial fty 


busineBS. HenM, H la no day-dream to pr»> 
diet Ihftt, liefore long, collectiana of raicro- 
Hooiiic nhjecta will publicly euter the list« 
with other nrtict.-s of viriil. Choice speci- 
xiifita oC invisibilities will rise to high fiincy 
|iiiL-t«, — cfipccially nfter their prepiirera are 
dend. Aa we Ireaaiire c»hiiiet-i>ictur« by 
Toiiien or the Kren);helfl, »o shall we let an 
«>x»l(«4l value on chfvrmiDp; bits of Btill-Ufe 
from the itadios of Anuidio or St«vtinfl, on 
Instjci-portrsiila by Topping, on iKXatiictil 
grou|>8 by Hourgogne the Elder, and ou other 
wortu by aiiouymous nrtUM, wha'^e nutnea. 
tbouifb not their productions, alill renmin 
nnkiHfWu to fAtne. We ahall have cou- 
noiaacMira, fancicnt, and collector* of miero- 
Boopioobjectfl, Willi all the peculiarities of the 
geutii. Indeed, 1 might say wi' Uhv» tliem 
already in the adolescent stage of their 
growth. But, one of iheae days, as ray readers 
who live long enough will iee, beautiful pre- 
parntionB by fiml-rate lianda will pass 
thriiii>;h the same courae of destiny aa illu- 
xiiiniitvd raisaale, majolica earthenware, Bcn- 
▼ennto C-ellini carviuga, aod the like. Their 
roultilude, it is to be hoped, will prevent any 
arttlioiiil reduction of their numbora, with the 
view of iucreasinp the value of those (hat are 
left. Dutchmen with whom a rare tulip hna 
Bi^parntfd into a couple of buJliA, havecniabed 
one of theiu beneata their heel to render the 
other a solitary specimen, Bitiliomjiniacs 
li:ive moile a copy of a book unique, by com- 
roitting rival copies to the flames. The 
Arabs ar^ grand amatcura of red and white 

fitebnld hortes. ** When yon ma a pieh&ld 
lorse," they say, " buy it ; if tou cannot buy 
it, steal it ; if you cannot steal it, kill it." To 
follow out the system (more to be honoured 
in the breach than the observance), we 
ahould have speculators buying up the 
diibtnnia from It-haboe guano^ anil cnunng 
them to disappear aa the aultetance itself 
grows acarcer, and the preacnt microscopic 
preparations from it enter the list of works 
by the ** old maetpra." 

Those who are in the habit of preparing 
mtcntaoopic objects for the au[iply of the 
public, very soon Iwcomo aware of a, to them, 
important fact, — that the greatest demand is 
not, aa might be supposed, from beginners, 
and thoFctowhomthemaiiipulatiou necessary 
might be thought too difficult, but that their 
be«t uustoroers are those who are best ac- 
quainted with specimens, and with thedifHcuIty 
of so airanging them aa most clearly to display 
their sppcific form or chant cteristics. A short ! 
time spent by an able manipulator will auHice 
to arrange tliree or four specimens of the 
same uhiect, when lionrs and hours might bo | 
fniiil'-Mly wasted by another equally or better j 
qualified to observe and comment upon the 
preparation when accurately arranged, but ' 
incapnhle, from wantuf practice, of inountiDg 
it tn hid satisfaction. In nhort, here, as 
elsewhere, n divisloa of labour is expedient 
for the public good. An able microscopist 

often discovers that his time is better spent 
in making oNtervatious, and in recorutog i 
them, than in manipulation. 

Therefore, if you are a real and eamMt 
student, the aid of a prepsrer will be abao- J 
lutely ueceitsary to euonouilHO time, oven 
supitoaing you have thv skill to niake prei>a- 
rations yourtelC If yoD are an amatctir, 
playing vntb the mioroecope principally for 
your anmsement, v<mi will have still lea 
time to diaseot, emf>&lm, and mount niinut« 
objects— K}U the rule thst busy people niwaya 
tiud more spare time for extra w<_irk than 
c()m]iarAttroly idle ones. One motive, ti.H>, 
for sanding your object to a prufeiu>ioiial 
artist, shotdd be the oommunicatiun to other 
amateurs — the publication, as it were— ^tf 
rarities and noveltieH, by the agcn<>y of the 
preparer. If you meet with anyihing oew 
and good, nnleBS you are selfish and jaalDii% 
you will send what you can spare to a pro- 
fessional prejKirer. You may fairly expoct 
Co receive siiuilar favours in return ; and a 
(dice, a pinch, or a tuft of a discovery, is 
enough for yourselC The rest will aorVu to 
give pleitaure to othera. It is true thai very 
many objects of iutoreit, which only require 
to be placed dry and uniujnred betwiwn two 

f dates of glass, you may collect and mount 
or youRKtf with perfect success, teriiporan'ly. 
The scales and hairs of insects are compriiied 
in this c!nss ; gossamer threads, such as lluat 
in the autumnal sunshine, fundsh yon, under 
the mieroscoi>e, with a tangled skein of silk 
which would lake a lifetime touuravsL But 
objects stored williout due and rcgubvr 
preparation will not keep; they will shake 
out from between your glaaui, or the 
diiHl will shsku in, or they will be overran 
witti thr«'aih( of minute niouldiueei. Bj 
trustinc: the choicest to a skilled preparer^ 
you will preserve them indi-finttely. 

Auatomicat preparaiinna take high roak 
among tho<so sold for the microecope. Per^ 
hnps the most interesting anatomical phe- 
nomenon the uicrofroope has to show, is the 
circulation of the blood in the lwi«)y uf % 
living animal ; next to that won l.t, 

is the intricate coarse and iii* 

division of the capillary vessels ^vi 
meate the sevend organs of living vi 
To show these more vi^^ihly, they are li 
with colouring-matter redutfe<l to the 
possible state of division, whJfl' >« 
with and suspended in, a sm 
gtiliitine, A brass syringe, coi: 
the purpose, is the forcing-pump umpluyt^d to 
cause the col on ring- matter to penetrato 
the vessels. Many precautions have 
taken. Only a gentle force must hn 
to the piston nt first, to be gradnally iti- 
creased as the vessels become filled* A 
simple mechanical arrangemfut haa been 
contrived, by which the oprrttor is paved 
the fMtigue of maintaining with his haiij this 
r^uUited pressure. A sheep's or a pig'e 
kidney ie a oonvenlent or;gau for a beginner 


lta<ii» u i*;.j 111 

to try bin hsuj on. In small H&imitlB, such 
n '.9y had frogfijllie wholt circwiation 

I' -mtn»y be inj»*ct4Mi from tlie Aorta, 

r- Amoauy veaaeU itam the pul- 

I t'^rr. But, amatean who do not 

r ' ii.t-.lioal acktice ah a profc^i^ion, will 

|)urr-tiRji« better speciinciiA of pmft'strionul 
OTuparera than they are likely to pnxluce. 
If o^voml uto of restwU in the ttAmo pre- 
pnratioa (ab the arteriea, tlie veiiin, and 
tb« gland •(luct«), are requirt-d to bo dtt- 
piAvcJ by injection, dlffLTeutly coloured lub- 
•Uuces arc Buiployed. A white injeotion ia 
|ir»fMu-cd from the car^wnAte of lead. Woe 

II lo not answer wull, bvcausc they 
t :il. luidly ; to avoid that incon- 
vt.-in> jir:.-, i'lURaiftn-tdiic iff Rometimes loTKcty 
mixed with while, and bo is vermilion 
idno. It ehonld bo remembered that the."" 
prrp-^ratioua are moatly viewctl oa opaq-i 
t)l'";' '-. iiil not by trnnbiuiite<l liglit, fern . 

] the inji;ct««l orjjan are tuouQt> 

ii. 'her dry or in fluid, accor<li»ij ; 

eircuiu«tiuic?« allow. Still, thin sect ods of 
organ* in which the capillaries ar« ituiwr- 
fvctly injected, may be mounted aa traiis- 
parvnt objects, when they are better seen 
ihan such rni linve been camplet«ly fille<l. In 
gMienvI anatomy, lltt) mniii p'/mt. is to fdl the 
flft|iUUrie«, knd to try and make the injections 
ia •dok a way as that the several colouring 
m*ltotn%iay t>« seen forced into the arteries 
Bui the vrins, touching each uther, and mora 
or !i -'^ t:iit:L-!r-d in the lineal poi-ts of the 

I rations are the dearest to 
t ost difficult to make, and 

< lit to study and interpret. 

i ui'A the ekUful exercise of the 

n art ; bnt, those who turn out 

pw-j iiijt -rtioiia are wrong in fjuicyin^, as 
•omo It-em to fiincy, that uoWody else can 
pfvi.iiirii .,ti.:i1It7 good ones. The same re- 
t. lie secrets of the composition 

<•: j*cted. With the precautions 

which ex^wnence alone can teach, the prac- 
titionrr vri ! I ?incceed in making good injectiona 
'«- looring-matter he habitual ly 

u to others, llie main point 

of tuecesa la t6 employ the amount of time 
axid |«tl«tioe which the conditions necessary 
lor Intt work require. Whatever be the organ 
it^efted, an hour and a-hnlf or two houni 
mutl be allowed to each net of veaseU. 
By h&rryinK the work, either tho injoc- 
tioB falli to have the several colonring- 
BAtUn in contact with each other in the 
MpiUaries, or raptures take place. The di^ 
•tvtsoD of injectiona intended for microscopio 
obterration, like alnioxt all dissections 
effected by tlie aid of that iuitnimeot, are 
perfonned uniler water. The exceptions are, 
Rtcb tissut^tuf aro atlfr^l by the action of 
water ; thud, the retina is rendered white 
ftn.i ..i.'i.^tiM by tbe action of water, instead 
Miflparcut ; also tismes, as that of 
ti. '.:! and c«) tain glandSt which ought 

to bo examined white charged with blooi 
It re<]uiresB lengthenedstudy of an injectio: 
to ascertain whether it has succeeded or no 
and SfVt-ral injfctiousof the aiirae tittaue mu 
also be in<ipectc<L As in the study of l^ 
anatomical elements by the aid of the mien 
scoiK-, an ohwrver must go through a certai 
course of educitiun before ho can diatiug\iia' 
in an injection what ia of importance fror 
what is of none. Practice alone will enabl 
the learner to recvgni« the bundles of th- 
tiasuea, the folttcIcH or little ha;;B of lh«^ 
pUndfl, and the diatribution and windinjjs of 
the vesuvls which accompany or cover tliem, 
'llic sumo of tlie mncous membninea; th. 
undulations and anastomases or iuter-coii 
ninnicationa of the capiUaries, th^-ir distrt 
butiun around the glandular orifices; nn 
"'■"'^■' "rifices ihemaelves caiiutit be projierl 
I without devoting several hour 

■« several days, to their examinatio; 

•-iitly, injections shown to pfussiuj 
13 are rarely well interpreted, unles 
tite |>.r6ons to wlinra they are exhibited ara 
in tlie habit of looking at objects so prepared. 
It is rare that they remember mure luan a 
general idea of an elegant piece of coloured 

" But what la the nse of attending to such 
minutias T" an ioexpcrienccd ri^aHer may ask. 
It ia diflicult to explain brietly the full 
application of such elemcuttirv uludics ; but 
one instuacc may be cited. 'Tbat dreadful 
disease, ciuiccr, ia known to most by name. 
Now, there are other diseases of less gravit yiJ 
which resemble cancer so nearly, that Lhtf^ 
practitioner cannot decide whetlier to nftoi'ate 
or not llie microscope distingutshea true 
cancer from false, easily and iufalli'idy. 

Interesting anatomical prepimiLiuus aro 
the pigment-cellfl from the iris of the eye — 
the pignient-cella from n negro's skin, re- 
sembling those in the tail ol' a tadpole; 
transvente sections of hairs, human ana 
othera, sliced like a cucumber, to show their 
internal strocture; transverse and perpen* 
dicular sections of teeth, compri»iing a repre- 
sentative of each great group in zooK>gy "j 
hbrous membranes, commencing with lltr>8'' 
of en^-aholls ; muw^uhir fibre tieparatei] int 
tibrilliB ; the capillaries in various organs s' 
eectiona of bone ; preparations of niorhicl 
tissues, for comparison with healthy ones ; 
and many others, which will naturally 
present themselves to the student. One 
object recommended for study will startlo 
many. t>r. Carpenter philoiiophicaUy tell* 
US, ■' The nerve-fibres are readily seen in th» 
fungiform papills of tbe tongue, to each of 
which several uf them proceed. These bodies, 
which are very transparent, may be well 
seen hy snipping otf minute p«nii^ns of th^ 
tougno of the frog, or by «nipping off the 
papdla3 themselves from the suifflce of th 
living human tongue, which cau be rcadil 
done by a dexterous use of the curved H<'i 
soi*, with no more pain than tbe prick of 



lis U<>K>*< I. >*T-) 




pin would ^ve. The trauHnarency of sny of 
tbfiH papillue is iucrenseil ny tretirm^ them 
yriih a aoiuiioa of Boila.^' This is enough to 
make n ticrvous inticnt afniil to f<how \na 
tongue Lott n)icroK«>plc.V.Iv-iiicliiit<i doctor. 

AIlIit^^'mical prcpanitiona.thert'fore, are the 
dp-ftrest, in ci-rnacqueiiM of tho pains required 
1o rxiuke thetu perfect. But, hs far %a price 
ia coiicerittti), all tlie luii^ivscopic prep&rAtii)iifi 
in the market are, ceucJMlly speaking, and ut 
presifiit, wonderfully che.ip. (July trv uhl 
pnxlitce a fow ut the itame price younwff, oiid 
you will ROf. They are not lutx^hauical pro- 
ddctionH, like nails and buttons, tlint cun ba 
turned off by the ji^'^sb » every one must 
hnvc the touch of the nuistvr uiven to it 
buforc it mti pivss into tho acientihc miU'ket ; 
lUkd Buoh things cannot be done by deputy 
Any moro than etAtaesand ptcturf^ enu. Our 
]jrepareni (one woulil tlaiik) nniMt be ftctu- 
ttttd i\u\U: fis much by the love of art as by 
the love of gain. SupiKisc a niHii cau turn 
otr thirty micceasful prei«rritioiia »-«lay for 
6ve da)8 in tlie week All tho year ronnil, he 
hfu) not umdc a large income at the highest 
rate of payment. But, ihois who have to 
atudy for, fuid collect, and preparo their 
mntcrtnl^ for any ])urMuit that comes witttiu 
the ruu^ of art, well knot? that 6ve days 
a week of productive bd»our is more than 
they can acoompiiah continually, ev-vn with 
the division of hibour brought about by the 
aid ofsooa or pupils. 

To oonie to finaociAl particulars. Mr. 
Samuel Slevemi, the well-kuovvu ualunil- 
bistory ageut^ of Bloomsbury Street, baa on 
sale gocMl preparations elegantly nionuted and 
packed iu neat boxei containing one or two 
dozfU, at half-a-guinea per dozen. His 
pablished liiit tiffcra a clioice of more than 
two hnndred numbered objects of great 
variety. To jMiint out a few ; the psdatea 
of enaila and of freshwater and marine moU 
lusks are very remarkable. When wo aeo a 
aufl suiul eating a hard cabbage-leaf or carrot 
—if we reflected on the operation — we must 
conclude tliat it cannot be performed with- 
out the ogoncy of teeth. Tlie micro- 
acope ahowa us, in a well-prei>ared paUle 
from a land or watcrsnniL, rows unoa rows 
oftei-th, contniniii|{ altogether liiindrc^ds and 
buudreils of molai-s. The shark devours 
animal food, and so docs the whelk. But, 
talk of a shark's rows of tecih ! tiiey are 
nothing to the weapons that line the mouth of 
a whelk, — half-n-dojien in each row in the 
middle, with a chevaux-de-frine of tusks on 
either side. Are a dozen different mollusk 
palates — ready for corap.irison and study — 
dear at h'Llf-:i-guiuea ) Simply think of the 
time autl cu»t, requisite to produce them as 
home-uiOAle articles. 

U|Miii tlie whole, there ia nothing superior 
to the immense variety of objects supplied, at 
from tifteen to eighteen shiUiugs per dozen, 
by Aniadiu, of riirogmorlou Sfreet. The 
■eotious of wood oro very perfect, resembling t 

exquisite crochet-work or Uce,aod displ.iying 
even greater beauty under bii:h jK>wer8 
than under low, which ia a teitl of their excel- 
lence. S[>onge and r.^TM...... apicuK-s form 

another set of Wrl , wliioh are 

ditTfroat ia each r spt^ies of 

zoophyte. Some are like yullow Herculea' 
cluns of sugar-candy, whidi would attnct 
wonderfully in a confectioner's window ; 
others are cut-glass billiard-cues intermixed 
with crystal itars. Objects of unusual rarity, 
or difticulty, or tinploaaantness, are deonr 
everywhere, aa it is only reaaonablc. That 
charming creature, the itch-insect, — a dia- 
courrte lias been writtou st-tting forth thd 
pti-ii^urcfl and .'i-ivantages of the itch-diaeaae, 
— costs four shlllinga ; the bed-bug ia a leai 
expensive luxnry, thougli more so than tb« 
onlinary run of objecia. In all thfae, the 
mifro8c*>i>e itlustratua the wonders of creation; 
but there are also pref^arations wherein tlie 
art of man is rendered visible. \J\ion m 
smnll circio of gbisd is a dim grey apot 
abiiut the size ami shape of the letti;r U at 
the beginning of this aeiitence. To the naked 
eye, it is unme.Hning and indistinct. Viewed 
witli a sutKcieut power, it dis|>lays & mural 
monument, on the face of which in an in- 
scription, in nineteen lines of capitiit letters, 
** In Mt^niory of William Sturgeon "—with a 
louirer biograjiliicid notice tiian I have mom 
for here, and all wiLtiin considerably les than 
the limits of this letter U. It ia not, aa 
niight be suppose^], the manual rosult of 
patient toil and eye-straining ; nor is the 
feat accomplished by clever modianieal 
arrangements ; it is an appticalion of th« 
photographic art. Not only are nucrow-opte 
phoU»i(ra|ibs taken from fixed and inanimate 
objects, hke the above mural munument, but 
al»o from living personages, and even gruupa 
from life. 

First, an ordinary photograph is tikeo, 
aay four and a-quarter inches, bv thivc 
and a-quarter. The picture so ubUined ia 
gradually reduced by using leuiies of a short 
focal leugtli. When an engraving or a roonn- 
mental tablet has to be reduced, the photo- 
grapliic picture may be taken niuch amuUer 
HI the first instance; but, wiftn a group of 
figures from life or an iudividual portrait 
ia required, a lens of couiparativtly greater 
focal length mu«t be used. It is inipossiblv 
to get, from bfe, a very small picture at tlie 
first step ; because the various portiona of 
the group would not all be distiuctly iu tho 
focus. Microscopic photographs ai-e Bold at 
four and sixpence each. XJoyal or loving per- 
sons can thus carry about with thtm,^ at a 
cheap rate, tho portrait of their sovereign or 
their sweetheart, packed in theamalleat pm- 
aible com (>a9a. By simihir means, 8e.;ri't curre- 
spondeuce can be carried on. A miem»«-opio 
message photographed on glass, migiit pasa 
through a multitude of hostile hand3,'without 
ita import being even 8ut<uccted. Timid 
auitom might aave their blushea by the pre* 

of a petition to be perused, not 
le svkh, but uiiitor Uiv iiiiet-i.«cvi|>e. 
Iioi't, williout lieiDj; nice aa tn a six- 

a abillLui;, it ih eoiiVMiitrnt to be 
eisler niicro«o|>ic [>rf)tar»lions of 
lint invite ydiir ntti-hliini. lllii*, I 
liii^ tli>* iiioiillt ot n lueiiciiiul Icvch, 
etter ciiaMc*! to iii:4|iect iu |»iicrt9 
lit : mill, hav ii<: iliA^-ovtrvd fnr lu^M^lf 
iiv-m, no duitlit, iinve iliAouVtrtcil 
Danifly. ilmt tlit^ nutiitli uf the t;i<l- 
Bot unly nniiO'l with cutting tcttli, 
two or thruo ruwd of lipii oa(ai<l«, 
i ;:ul-lUBlieiJ witb a fciuye of loutll- 
iBiAi'ltcM — t h»ve rcqiH'>ie>l ft |U'«.')ra- 
} b« mnde, re^iU^ileM of t'Xf^viiBe^ 
better exuiuiuaiiuu uf uiy taujjule's 

p«t continental pri-parvis, Jo«eph 
ue,of Kite Niitre-D.-uue, l*atia,HULniU 
luU Ue i« a uiiui wliune whulc Suol 
nrc. Mid he iinturully Apeiiks of nii- 
! piTiMinition ua one ot* the niotit 
kKaUts to scivUi-v. He lias hiid the 
ivaiita^^e of Cl>ll^tJint coinniuiiicatiun 
I most l<ianie<) iiit'ti ut i^ai-is, wlio 
Bil hiiu iu llicir &t;vci'ul deiiurtnieiita. 
pbiu. be hns hiiil ii^s^oiis in iiniuuiuy ; 
i\ir*il, ill Uie »itm<rLiire of nl^te. Of 
henlUi hita beoonit? iiupaireil iu con- 
I of Hvvere aiiphcaiiou, while his 
is ktentlily on tlie iiK-Truimc. 11** pio- 
imlorcf to divide hi* giatid uiici^t- 
liipire into three k^ngiluiiix — the 
.thtt vegftahlf, ami the animal — one 
lie* will bi-quu^ith to vwih uf his three 
'. Bifur^u^iie dittcoveied tli« uiule uf 
.11 iluli-inhcct, which diHuivi-ryniadea 
MittoU at llie tiiue, tiul Imving bet-u 
in*. It eeenii lo h>ive been ci>in- 
know II until eiglitfvti'furty, j>n)ba)>ly 
vs never found in t!ii> funon* uf 
,aa the fenmle iiIwavH ia. Nobody 
|M*ct««l Uiat tttu ni:di' lii'ed couitUntty 
tirt«Cti of the epidciiuis; bt-in^ id»o 
iban the ft^nKilt*, it. e»C]tp«<l obaervA- 
sti yt'ara nftvrwurdH, aiiinu^sl three 
of tlieac iiJBccts, »hioh MoiMieur 11. 
ivt^I ill duveijd Iota, he rrcugiiiHcd a 
ule hy itii a(;il<ty. iiud by itd funrth 
pftwis which liiiii iiivUvrH at iht^ir 
kmI of hdi^ biiKilea, like the feiimje. 
t'l tlie pitotuiis nt-ai'ti* aa a rarity, 
,»rDi«d i^tart of hi^ collection at the 
cxiiibiiiuu iu *itlty-two. But, Dr. 
i;iion hA'l the indi;4<Tetion and the 
li to jtuUitth n |Ninip'iIec deiiytug tbe 
r of thut uial'-' a lit us, as wvll as of 
ruB of thf* rabbit, uu'l oth<-rt. M. 
n*s iiigt-d by his frieiidti, «t;trted for 
and e^t1bli>hed the truth of the f«ct 
•,itin back the trvaaured ohject, and 
. dniwiug luade frum it, «bich ap- 
n the Anitalfs ilfjt Mfdiidint ile hi 
iutl ihc-n, viviUKg the liNt{iit;il or St. 
b CNpiured uiveral m«lea on Uie f>kiii 
HtMy in the pre&enue of ht. Hardy 

and siiiulry infliciil Rtndents. The question 
unit lit considerable thuuieiical und physio- 
lo-^iciil inijiortance — toucliii.^, an it did, 
sponlaneonii generation and ihe reproiiuo 
Itoii of iKirasitcs iu genei'ul. M., Iroiirtjo^ne 
pruwd ihuL itclt-iubccta are muleo and 

M. L'oiirgngne'a bent pre[uimtiouft are ex- 
colU'iit.withtiii; merit nrbuingtlottTinhn^d :ind 
nnined ; lil?^ inferior prcp-irnttonH hfh very in* 
diU'ervut, full of hnhblt'sand dirt. I''i>r intprc- 
tiou hy perusing who have had u i-eriitiii exj'e- 
rie lice, boiue of Ihctie cheap French prup«iA- 
tiuit» itre u-sefid ; but,ii8:^i liclettoflux-Uiy und 
firiwiiuentiil art, the Kiii;liiih lii'o i)ii|t4'rior. M. 
Bourgn^n*' datuttftt Iuh pruductTon^ into lirst., 
KcC'Uid, and ihii-ibvhoicu ii|>«*(-iiiiuim. When 
B«HU BrnniiDcrti valet came down-^iiiiira triiiii 
(Ii*c»isiitg hU uitmter fur dnnt-r, lit- ^eneiiilty 
brou^hiwiili tiiniaiiariiifidtifdiKOJiidrd while 
cr-ivnvi*. '^'riii-Be," be expluine^l, "are onr 
f»ilurt>s." Jus'. Ai» wn nifty hiipptr^B thut M. 
B-mrijoyno'ii third-ehoioc prejuu ution* — some 
of theui OH low us ihrte|H'ncelmirj'i'nny ejicb 
(what ciu yuti ex|iect fur thri-e|»vnce half- 
penny 1) are, wliaL he is too jirudi nt, ns 
well a« t->o hout'Bi, to ai-U at higlitr priced ; 
"otir failures," in short. And, as gnod 
French prf pHnitions nru rovtiy, uhile Itud 
ones atK not chviip, an English cotltrclur has 
no niutive to go out of Ins own country, 
unlesH i>«:-rh >|>a it be lor some novelty i]i the 
WHy of luurliid aualuiny, or other excepiiuual 


A micrtM^^i'lc mvaeDm should be formed 
on snniewhat the siiiue principle ae a pivture 
gftUwry. I'irst, there ^honUl he nothing but 
wiiHt id t>ouil ; Beo>n-IIy, there kIiuuM ho 
variety, vhiti) several sautplea of all the great 
nin.^lerit. l*re|Ktt'eri« whii have lieeii iu the 
huhit o( cidli cling during Aev<-rat \ cars, have 
each of tlivm, prutiably, in hitt secret stnre- 
liuiiM!, uonie ticiiiinrc wbo»c nati^e huhitat, 
or iii)ui'i:e haa bjilUed the i^eaenrcli of coiupet- 
iug coiluctora. To soiue, the superiority of 
certain infttniuienta, or special udrutiues^ 
may ^ive the superiority in certnin cliuwrs uf 
ubject.1. Tlie iiiicioscitpisL will prolit. by all 
thcHu in tuiu. The beld of nature is so 
VHflt, ihul tivtry student luity gnitify In's uwa 
peculiar Uis^te. It i^ desirxblv lo h.-tve «oiue 
M;quraue an<l connection in the objects col- 
leL-ie<l. Thtia, wu m:ty have prrpfirulioiis of 
the luiuciiHil orgaiiH of the iloiuetue lly, to 
iiluaLnile Its economy ; tbe eye, the pntbosi'ts, 
the foot, the upincle, and other piu-lfl of ita 
bodily fmnie. Th(* sc»le« ol butt<tfrtbes nnd 
other imtects nffunl ample sitbjei^L^ fur cutn- 
p.HnA(in ; the eULn^lei* ot pLuila, showing their 
stoiuata, or peivpirmg holes; fCLniiiua of 
l»one^ luid ueih ; suirches from vnrinuB 
plants ; feathers, hivns and inuumerahle 
other tlitn;:i( will anggaat tbeouelvfs. A 
tood selucliuu ol tbe dpiracles. or hrwilliirig- 
Fioli 8 iu tite rides of dillerent Inrvie »u>i in- 
sects would alford a wrles »»f ol'j«i.'U to wliioh 
there u nuibtug uinilar in birds and beasts. 





A frieiMl to whom I Bitnweil the flpiracle of 
tho iio<i!>B-fly, exclnint^J in nj^t'iiiiHliiriPiit ihnl 
Uiitnte linil tnketi ittorv p(iiti« witli tlioeo lll- 
ei;;iiil)):AtitcieAtnre« tlinit with us. 

Old* t'tvAl merit of mixleni niicro*c(>i»e* Is 
ttieir j.ortHbil ty ; if the rendfr wi»h to test 
th«ir attraclivt-nesB, let liiin imive snnn? 
rauiy <luy nt A cuuiitry lioute rull of o<ini|i(iiiy, 
when tlip j^iieatii nre preveiiteil fmin viijitv- 
iiiv.'' uiit-tloor HiittiHciiifiitA. l,»t hiin t)ii>re 
ytroiiuce on« of Aiun>lio*ii forty-gniiiei* iiiBtni- 
nietits. with tlie p"Uri2)ii;f aii'l tlark gnuiiiil 
apiMirHtiia coni|»lft»*, j»c(!oinpnnietl by a, l>ox- 
Hill i>r goml prepanttiuna, aiid lie will work 



"WiTCiicturr in Englnn*! wns very innch the 
Bnnto tiling ua witohci-:»fL evi'i*vwliiM*e else. 
The Baitiu riUfS were iioue through, luitl the 
PAiiic c'i'emoiiiej ohserveJ ; imkI " Little 
Wiirtin," whether tut n gtwit wilh a nmii'a 
voicf, or a nam wiih n gwit's ley-*, r-ceivril 
the snniu hoiim-^ from th" Eii-^lisli witches 
at li« iIhI al lll<x*kiila HHt] lit Aiihleurtic, 
on \Vn.l|Hir.i« iDijht ill CtTiiiany, iiinl ^11- 
iJnll'iwniits-e'-Q in ScoiIuimI. lii<le<*<I the 
titiihtrniilv nf |imrtice ami liellet wai one 
of the ni'iHl biiigiihir plienomen.i of thitt 
woiiilerfol ilehiKiuii ; anil wjih-ly tlilFeri'iit lu 
evci-y B-'CtuI lini>it tintl olwvrvnuce niijlit )>e 
between (fitr inxtarice) SwiHteii luiil SuoiUnd, 
the ciisuiina iiiiJ eifeil of the tvitoh |i(>|>titiitioii 
are foimrl to Iw aini;iil-irly tinifurm. Ititches 
du.; with llieir nails anil fiUL'tl with the I>1o'mI 
of ft Ma-k I.iiirt ; itiiii-j;if8 of chiv or wax 
*' pricketj totheqnirk ;'" tinchrint-nel chililren 
rliit; lip from the i^ntve and [larted into h>Ut 
for cliHi-iiiH ; |>ei'forAte<l atones ; ancient 
rvlics ; liprlis. L-hietly iwiifoiiouii or nie>huiutil ; 
toaiU a>iil l<j]itha<iiiie iiiBucta ; 8ti*iiiige nitiMiial 
nrnttaTA, aiteh m« tho bonea of a ^r<'en fro;;, a 
cat's bniiiis, owl's eye-* aH'l eif-^s. Iwits' wiiiya, 
ami H<i furlh ; tlm^e wrre,iii nil LViUlltrien, luure 
or Icnn proininciit in tho alphnbel nf Roi-c*'ry. 
AVhile every whei-e it waa belie vi-tl that witches 
coiihl coii<riil ihe elenie»U, cominnnd the 
fruits of the c:irth, tcanHform theiuselvea 
&n<l others into what atiiinula they wouM, 
bewitch by spells att<l miiltenHl i*h:inti8, 
and conjure up the devil at will ; that they 
jxms.'iBM-.l fainiliara whom they no'irinhed on 
their own l«>ilifa ; that they ileinetl ihi'ir 
luiptUinal vowa, an>l touk on iheni the 
anci-aiiii-iiU of the tlevil ; that they were 
b'uiud to dt-liver to ilieti' master a certain 
tsUe of victims, generally TinlKm or un- 
christ<*ncd infinla; tliat th^y could creep 
tliniii.ih keyholes ; make straws and hrooni- 
liandlea iulo hones : that they were all 
marked on their secoiul or infernal hapti-in. 
whieh mark wh-i known by bciii'^ liifeonsible 
to the 'priukiiig pin ;" that white ihin mark 
"Was Miiiii»c"Vered, they had the p<iwer uf 
denial or silence, but that on irs ilinoovory 
the charm was broken, and they mnat pm fuive 

ctinre*s — which was the nieaninjj of the 
aenrchiiiiT, pricking, am) shaving |iriicl'>s«*<I on 
4U!i|tected witches ; that they couM hot -h^t 
tears, or at lie^b no mure than three fr^ni the 
left eye ; ali'l that, if they Were "swiirij," the 
Wi.ter, bcinj: tliesacri-d eleroeut use^I tn rlir »• 
tian hapiisni.woohl 'eject them from itsUiftom 
and leare ihem fl'>utihgon theRtirface. Such 
nt lefts' wa* the theory reapcct'ii^ the alluued 
buoyancy of wituhes, an<t llie onir<nal meaa- 
ini» of that eru'd eiHtnm. These urticlfB of 
laith are to be found, wiih very little ntixliS- 
eition wliei*eTer wiichwand warlocks fnriued 
|RLrt of the HfH:ial cieed. mid their Imbil'* hihI 
pec'dinr tiea were catitogne-l, cniliieil, und 
nmJe the rule of life. There were ihre« 
el.uwea of witclies dirt-intfuiehetl. like jockeys 
ill a race, hy their colmirs. While wiiclies 
were helpful aii<l beneficent. They chanueil 
away dtMKwiw ; they atwi«ted tired IndiHtry 
ill ili wtirk, and c-itised a'olen goods to lis 
reHtured ; hut they were not avtrMi to a litils 
huniileas mischief. Oryden sings ; 

At trstt u little honrft ai he rn<il>l -, 

AnJ) like wUtu \nt«-l>c*| mUchJevoutly pood, 

Blick witohei di'l nothing but bartii ; and 
gray witches capncinusly did good at one j 
time, and evil at mio*her. 

The Diichr8)« of (.il-ineester, prond and dark j 
Dunie h^leaiior, wtw Nninn<r the oaHifi^t of rair] 
iioUihle witeliea. After her, came Jane Shone;! both theae iiifitaitceA (as with Fj«df4 
Glaiuniia and Euidvemia MacAlzeaii) so tiHien j 
of party and p'-rxonal .'eeling wn-i mixed op 
with the charge of witcherafl, that we caa 
scarcely ih'tenuine now, how much vv;h rval 
sniMTstitiju atnl hnw mnch fMihtifat emttityt 
The I>uke of Buckitivdumi in tififii huiiilreil 
and iweiity-oiic, mid Loi\l Ilungerfoid a f«tr 
yearn later, were aUo high nainea to l>e tikra 
to the acmfTiihl on the charge of trairi»-klii|[ 
with sorL-eivr* ; while the Maid of Kent, 
Mlldrc>l NoiTliigti.n the Maid of We^tall, 
and liiehani iJn^rdale the t^urrey iiii)Hi«ti)r, 
wercTiJl caaea of po'isef^iori rather than of 
true witulicnift: tlnmipdi all three were aft^r^ 
warda coide^^cd to Ite prove<l clieaU. lo 
titleen hutidred and ninely-thrce, the t«^ 
rible tniv'edy of the Wilche* of Wurlkpia wM 
played before the world ; and wiih thai be- 
gins our i-ec<>rd of Kn^lish wUohomftf |in»- 
pi-rly sn called. 

lu the parish of AVarhois lived nn old mail 
anil hia wife, atlleil Saiuiiet, with their nuly 
danghter: a young, auil, a^a it would seem, 
hi;{h-spirite<1 and eoiir^geona wi'inan. Out 
of the daiti'htei-** of a Mr. Throgni'irlon, Str- 
ing Mother S^iinucl in a blaek kni'litlesfy 
and butng rvrvovw ami unwell at the ^iul^ 
took a fancy to say titut she had bewitched 
her ; and iier yunii'^'er !*iater*, taking up tlw 
cry^ tliere was no help for tlie Samuela hat 
to brand ihem as malignant ^orcerer^. Tliff 
Throginortiin chddrcn Siid they were hanntnl 
by nine apirita, '* Pluck, Uardname, Cttcb, 
iiJue, and llu-od Smacks, couaimk" Ouo Of 


the Snuieks wm in lovo with Miaa Joan, t)ie 
ehlirttl Thrograorton giil, ami fuii^lit with 
" c otheniou her iicomtit. Onr«, he CAine to 
icr from k terrible rotiiiJ, wherein Pltick 
li»<l hie )ie»<) l)r>)ken, blue wna sitt limping, 
fciid Catch hn<l hid arm in a allng ; the resnlla 
of Mr. SiuHcka seal od behiilf of hijt y«>n»g 
mtatresa. "1 wonJt^r," tmy^ Mtn. Joan, 
•ihat^-ou are able to ihera : you arb 
liulv and they are very hl(r." Bui the 
Talinnt Smnck asaiiretl hci* thnt hti cared 
kot fur th^kt; he would t>eal the beat two 
of them all, snd hia c<>ii»!ns would beat tlie 
oilier two. The Tlirngiuurtou pftreuts Were 
n^luraily nnxioua to frev their cliitdren from 
tliU terrible Tiaitnliuii : more e«[H;ci:dly Mrs. 
Joan who, lieiiig but iniil fiilveii, wtin geitin<; 
nu ^wl from tfie aitdresfie^ of her 8i»iritnnl 
Adorer. The futiitr, therefor*', drng-^'i-d 
Xkaiue Samuel, the Bcitder of the ii|iirit4 nnd 
tlie cauiie of all the iniscliier, to the house by 
lbrc« : nnd when ihcy siiw her, tlif»e Iwn^ 
cliildreii desire<l to scratch iiml tnniieiit her 
and draw tier Muo«l, ua the witdi-cretKl of 
the time allowed. The pour old womHn was 
aultmissive enuUgh. She nhly axkeil h>nvu to 
quit the house ; but otherwine hhv made no 
rcaif>lnnc«. Not even when l*«tly ('roniwcdl, 
htt landUuly, t-<kin<; |Kit-t ^wllt the chil-lren, 
tore ber can from lier heitil, nnd wi^h foid 
«]>ithet« and uitslin'ed iihutH: cut off pnrl of 
herliair to he imeA in a couiiler chtimi. Liidy 
Cmmwell died a year and a day after this 
Datmge : and this wa* ndditionul prouf «f 
Uie wickeil lorcery of Diime S:Lniiiel ; who 
of course hiul kdled her. Teiritiad out of ber 
few pour iiiU, Uaiue Saninid w»a induced to 
nt|>rat rzpreMiiiHia iltctiilcd to her, whiL-h put 
her life iu (he power of tlioae wi-eiche 1 jflrU. 
She WHa maile to say to the spiiit of one o( 
lliL-m : " Aa I am a witeh, Jind n cauncr of 
I^tdy (.'r<Muwrtr« death, 1 churiie tlii'e to come 
out of thia maiden." As the girl g.ive no 
sign of hfr, lieing so hoMen hy the Hpiril hh 
to apfiear de;t<l,tlie poor old woman h>td only 
eoiileajfed herself a witch without >;etting any 
cpe«lit fur her skill, or luiy meicy b«!c»uiie of 
ber exorciitin. At last, torture<t, confused, 
bevildered, she made her confeMsion, and wa^l 
eonilemneil. Xler linaWand and daughter 
Were condemned with her. The lust was, 
»<lvuied to put in a plea for ini^rry, at lB; 
{or ie>pite,liy declaring that she wa-« alxnt to 
beoomo a moiher. The proud diiHlaiuful 
MMwer of that ignorant Englmh girl, w)ir> 
refnsrd to buy her life by her dishonour, may 
bo clHMttil among those unnoted heroisms of 
which are equal in granileur, if not io 
portauce, to the most funioris niiectlotea of 
>t'>ry. but, what the higb-uiinde<l eoarogo 
the daughter refused to dn, the bafflwJ 
ie-« of the pour old ntolher consented 
gain time, iu the bopo th»t popular 
in woultl turn io hor fuvour, Rlie un- 
iiUK-eil hur own approaching maternity. A 
d hiugh rang tlirt-xigh the court, in which 
old vtcliui henvif joined ; but, it was boon 

'^nvely argued that it might be so, and that if 
1 It were so, the iK-vil was the father. However 
the plea was set aside ; and on the fomtti of 
April, tifleen liiindred and niiieiy-lhru<*, the 
whole f-iinily wns condemned. Sir Siimuel 
Cromwell left an annual rent-chnrgu of foi ly 
shillin-^s for a sermon on witchcraft tn he 
preached rrery year by a D.D. or a H.D. of 
Queen's C-lIe-^e, ('niubritlge. 

In sixteen hundred and eighteen, Mnr'.;arct 
and riiijip Flower, dauglilvntuf Jxnn Klower, 
dec^AKeilf were executed at Lincoln, fur hav- 
ing destroyed Henry Jx)rd Rosse by witch- 
craft, and for h.Hviug grievou^tly tnrmentol 
Francis, Enrl of lluthiud. It aeenis th;it 
Joan and her two dauijhlers »rere niuth 
employed at Beavor C:ottte, an clittr^nmen, 
and Margnret was finally taken into the 
house as keeiier of the poulLry-VHrd. Tlr-ir 
goi}4| fiirtiine raise«l thvm up a host of enemies, 
who, lUsfoveriti'.: Unit Joan was an AMieint 
and a witch, Margaret a thief, and Philip no 
hL'tter than nIiu should he, at liutt so wrunuht 
on the Countetts. that she lurnetl against hvr 
former favouiites, and making AIargnr\*t a 
small present, lUamituted her from her service. 
Which, sa 8 the pautphlct contaMiuig the 
account of t)ie whole tr.iii8:iotiuii, 'Siid tuiiie 
ber looe Hiid liking toward this honuuralde 
enile and biit f.innly, into hate aud niiK'our," 
H>id the dealli of one and all wan det:ided on. 
Phitip, in liei- confcdsiun, de{K>scd that** her 
mother and itiitter uuiliued the Earte uf Uut- 
laude, hie Couiites»e, and their cluldreu, be- 
CJUise her sinter M.-trgaret was put out of 
the hulieB aeruice (jf Laundry, an<l exemptod 
from other Reruice.t ntmuL the houite, nlicio* 
upon, tmr »aid Mister, by the commauii lement 
other muiher, hroiighl from tlu* c^uilIu the 
right blind ghuiv of the Litrd Hein-y Uoi««e, 
which situ delivered to her muthfr, who pre- 
sently rubbed it on the Utcke ot' her :^pii'it 
Rutterkin, aud then put it into hot hoyling 
uatcr-, afterwaid she prickM it often, and 
buried it in the yiinl, wishing the Li>i^e 
lloede might iieuer thriue, and so htrsotter 
Margaret cuntinueil with her mother, where 
ttlie often saw the Cat Rulterkiu lea|>e on 
her HhuuMer and sucUe her ncuke." fhihp 
ht.'rsLdf hail a spirit like a white mt. JMur- 
garub WHS i^tnin bn^ught tocoiifraiulim; thrro 
was no examiuiitiou of the mother, who had 
died on hvr wity to the gaol. Bite ha<l two 
anirita, she said, aud she had iu vt^ry deed 
cliamted away Loril Henry's life hy tnenits ol 
his right hiuid alore. She tried the same 
charm on Lord Francis;, but without succtiiS, 
hryond tormenting htm with a ^rievuus sick- 
iieas; but, when she took a piece of Lndy 
SCntherine's liaiidkerchief, and putting It into 
hot w»t(<r, ruMwd it on Kultt-rkin, hiddni^ 
liim "llye and goe, Ruttv-rkin whiued and 
cryed niew ;'* for the evd «piritj* had no 
power over Lady ICatherine to hurt her. 
Ihe two wom»*n were exocutcit, Margaivt 
nving wildly of certain appariiions, one like 
an ape, with a black head, which Lad come to 




Iior in girtl, multctiiii; wonU Umt "he conhl 
iiol iMMlHrsiniMl : NA )ifiw iii'leri] hIiuuIJ alic, 
poor nivhig luaiiinc iliut she w^ts! 

In sixlei.-<ii hiimlrt'il ninl tliirtj-fo«r, a >>o)' 
cnllfil I^liiiu&il Ilohiiisoii ilejiOKiiI tlmt wliile 
giillieiin-^' Lullees (wiM )>lii<iia) in Priidle 
l''(.re«t, 111) ■.■«w iwi) Krevliniiii'lfl, wiih no nin? 
fMlloAJii^ tliein. Lilcin;^ t-lti.' tinLixu ot'a coarse, 
liuBl>runl ft liare ; liiit llie lioyfl refiiHetj lo 
mil : vt-lien, na he whr ribniit li<> ffti ike tlieni, 
I'anic rtlckenson, » neiyhlmiir'a wife, a arte- f 
up iiiHlead of itxm \y.\rc, uu*l a hlilu boy tti- 
at«:ni of the otlitT. Tlie datnc urtVi«il !hf 
\tu\ n biilxi ir lie wonM coiuv»[ tliu maLtt-r, 
but mir viitiious Ivhtiun*) refn-ie;I, (Hiyni',', 
"nay thuH nrt a wiWh, MmhtT Uickenttun ;" 
whi'remi i:ikiii<,'A b»!l< i-oul of her pockel, aliu 
shfiok itovt.Ttl»i'hitro-tioy'«hc;ul,wlM>iii:*t»ttily 
cliaiiccil ilitn a bnisc; Hii*! the wiLch luoimt- 
ifi>j \kvv biiiiiiui chiiri^er, look l{i>biiiS'iii lel-'io 
lior, mk\ nft ulf. Tiny went \o n hii^e bouse 
or luirii e»lle>l Uuiiratonn, whore thire wci-e 
BbVt^tiLl [Hfi-Miiia iiiilkiiig r<>pL>9 ; wiich ivi 
they iniKi'il, gwe Uiuin rca'ly eoi'kc'l, 
bie;«l, bniter, iui]k, cheese, *ii«) all the a<i- 
jniurU of. a n>yi»l (vAfU The Uil b-I'I 
iliey luoked ao n^Iy while thus milking out 
tl'cir cliuiier, timt he w«^ friglit»Mie<l. hy 
ninnj mure litju, n» iriiiumMbU* hut as iliiiitnn- 
i«»r>- R* thin, tlio \f>y prociire-1 himsnlf aud 
bid fiithirr ii^otxl ItvehluHitl, ami eau«it>il AotnB 
flL-ored tff HinoL*eiii penple tu W cnriii?(l olT to 
l>rtauu. The niauiuiratea nuJ clergy a<lopletl 
liini ; bo vnii t»kfn »bi>tit. the cuonti-y to 
iileiitify any hnph'^tK wret'^h ho iin',;ht chiKwe 
to swear he IuhI seen at the:«e witch meetings; 
aimI h<.* uu<l hid I'uth* r Itveil hL ficu clmi^'<'!<, 
«ith iitoney in thrii- poiketa l>eniih>«, till the 
li.iic till* itHpuntni-e Iiislt'il. Only Mr. Web- 
ster, itluiivil s great o|'iK>iieut, ImiI 
nnil fdtimjje t<i ex-iniiiie hhn, with the view 
vi ehL-itintt the truth. i-:ir.her ilian of cinlinii- 
iny hia rc)K>rt ; butthelwiy was rudely taken 
oui of bi<t haiulft. At UmI bo conftAMetl tliu 
truth — ThuL he hail been put lip tu tile whole 
th>n^ by bift father ninl otherii; Lhut he b >il 
never tueen or buuid u word of all be hud 
depoited ; and that wIimh hi- HWuru lie «as at 
H)inr'>iiinh, he WftShtciiiiiij plnnis in a nt-jg)i- 1 
IxMir's ••rclianl. This was ihe sccnnd ^Teit i 
LtittCiiehire witch trial; the lin«t v-hb in 
tfixteen huiidretl and thiriei-n ; tlui jiHn- 
cip^l witch of thiK, SliKdwidl's Mother Ouiu- 
dike, die<] ilitriu<* the trial, and sevoral of the 
nieniier am t escupo 1. 

And DOW the reif;n of Mntthcw nopkin^ 
wil^iii-llnder, be^^insi. Tliia iiifatttouM wr«.*tcli 
M/nA ill M;tiitiiiii;irce in aixtccu Inuidred aiid 
forty-four, when the great witch pei-seentiou 
aroi«<', and uh-4 niMUily iiiMlrurnenlal in 
fXt^itiiig ihat pei'secntiuu. He pinotisi^d his 
tra<le n» n lei^ul proferM'on, clmi-ging so niueli 
for every Uiwii he viBiie«l, besides hlsjourney- 
i)t>; ex[>en?<es and the c> st. of bis twu assmt- 
nuts. lie aut) John Kiu-^-'iid in Sei>llaijd 
were the j; real " piioker-t ;" tlmt t;*, with a 
ptu about three inches long, they pricked a 

suspected witch all o<rer her l»ody, until ibey 
fouud the mark — <tr aa;d thei luiiml it— 
wlddi iiiiirk WA3 c'>iiclnaive and itrcfr.ijfjtbla 
evidrnee of the SaUinic cniup-ict. Tuo lol- 
liiwiii^ wiis hU ui-ile of treatment; (|U<aipg 
Mr. t;aul, the clcrj^'ynntn I'f lIunj;hioD ; wi.o, 
like Wt'lMilcr, was uhnt(Jlnnvil chills a *' S>oU 
ducee," an "Atheist/' oud belioVeU very 
Bpnmciy in witchcraft. 

*• Haviii}; taken llie stntpccled witch, she ii 
pbici*d in the mi tdio of the niMni. upon a 
atool or table, cross lefjgcd, or in some utoer 
uneasy iioxtnre. to which if ahe siibinits not 
slic in Uxiud with oonU ; there. Hhe U u- .itched 
and kepi without meat or alecp for fuur- 
and- twenty h'-un*, for they miy ihry 
shall, within that time, sco her imp euina 
ami sit' k, A Ittilo liolc is likewise made m 
the iliiur for the iiiip^ tu coiue iu at; .ind, 
lest tluy aboiild come la sonio less iliiiccrn 
il'^e ah'ipe, tbcy tlmt watch arc tangM lo bo 
ever and anon riWeepin^r the room^ and if 
iheysve any Hpiilers or tlics to kill them, and 
if tliey ciiiiout kill thtiiu then Ihey may be 
anre they ai-ir impn." 

8n<-h Ns wa-t (he familiar of £ltz:ib«lh 
Styles, wliiidi was fccu by her watchers to 
Kei'.to on her poll iu the form of a "largo 
fl* like a iniM.ii-," or uhite moth. Si-crtkiog 
of fjiiiiiliars, UotiUos found SfVt;iAl bc-louf-iii^ 
to l-.liznhe b Clarke, who^o dcp>isul<»u ha 
took tloivn, March the twenty-tilth, si\teefl 
buijilred mid turly-tive. bbe had Ilult^ liks 
n whito kitliiif:; Janniira, a tat »)iMmiel 
without h-jj8 ; Vine;:nr Tom, ** a bm;^-lB;^cJ 
grey-bonud, m itb a h< ad Itkc an oxc. wim a 
ion;; Cnilo and brou I eye\ whu, wbtki this 
Discoverer (Hopkins) sp^ke to,tiii>l biid«> him 
(,'oe to the place pi-uvitleil fur him und Lii 
aiig- N, immediately traiisfurme<l himself into 
the sh pc ofaoliil'le nf fmireyearcBtdd witb- 
oilt a liL-adc, enne half a tio/.en liirncs tiUoUt 
the hoiific and vani.ilnd at the door." back- waH liKe a rabbit, and Newea lika 
a pcdi-cat : idl of which )ta\)A^ Mattlie' 
fiojtkinSf or Maiiniiijftree, geiu., depo-^-ca oa 
oath to having aecD and spoken to. 'ibfl* 
ueru otheni of which he gives only Urt 
triiiie«: us Eleinauz'-r, Pyewacket, l*e k-iu- 
Ihe-Ciuwn, CJriZt 1 liiecii^jnt, &c. £ha.>belb 
Chitkc W'ls cx<'cuu-<l, a» a nutter of euut^s, 
following on the d^scloauies of the Mittli- 
fitidi r re-peciiii:' hof imps. Ann LeiTli «"«5 
executed the next montU, cbielly U-cause uf 
the eu'iilcn ilenth of Mr. £>lwiii':ls* lw« eowt 
and a child : uUo liecause uf her pos«a^og a 
'rev imp. AnttcCatc had four iiojts: Jtiinf^ 
Piiekeaiv, Itohyii. hke mou»e.i ; and 8p;.rio«r, 
ike asparrow. Fur the which rrinic, Iteai .q|_ 
their having killed ihvera cliildien, ahe ' 
executed at Cli.liii>r.Td in that sauie vt 
bixteen humJi-ud and fort\-live. Hel. _ 
Jo .es bad three, like luoles, bavin*.' fmr feel 
apieco, but wiiliout tails and bbtck ; 6b« 
abared the nxual l^tlc. Sua;in Cock bad iwo^ 
one like a mouse, calletl fSuMin, i4ie otc.r 
yeiluw and lii^u a eai, callcU lieoaie, Jo/M 


! only ni)P,a monse like imp chIIp'! IIatkI. A woman was hanged at Exficr on 
I^tll^ ImtikI one, n flmull grey no other U'*liinoiiy but tliul of n iiei;:liUtnr, 
li] Mnrinn Ht>ckct lunl liinl.', **wlio dvpoHKd llial. ho sjjw ft ca.t jiirii|t iulo 
rfllynisn, Jitnl D.iinty ; nuJ M»irg;irel tht- accusfti ptnson'a cuttigo wuuhtvr at 

.H.ri? liu'l twflve. nil like rj»U. WUh m^'iiy ' tw\li(»ht one evening, and that he verily Ih.*- 

nioift in that fittjil si'S-Htou thun wo c»ii give j lievcil the s:uil c:tl to Im t)ie devt)." And 
tli« BmnlleHt note of. Six wildu-s were hung nnolher wiN-h, lying in York giiol, hnd ihe 
in tk rtw at Mai<Uton«, in ftixtevn huttdrt^'il ttvnicn>toii8 teatlniony a<;:iintfl her uf a sortll 
Mid lifty-two ; aiut two muutlis at\f r, IhrfC uf paper (!rtfp|iin^ Ironi uuiler the pn»»n-tlo<ir. 
etc Iiuui4 nl FiiVi'rsham ; hut, Wfurc Litis,' lla-u changing itself into a zuoiikoyT imu 
[(ipkioH had ttuen M-izi'd an<l "AWiim'^fora thrn ii.lo a tiukcy. To which veruciuus ac- 
ietrd, ill hi*owiinuiniK'r — crOBs-lH)uiid— hia count the niider keeper ftworo. 

Uft thunilt tied to his ri^ht ^i\"at loe, and 
rinhl lluinib to )kia left greai U*e. From 
\t inue iio more Is he:ird of tlmt worst atnl 
[|< 6t of ini|H)titorB, and cruclcst of popular 
(me of the most melancholy things cnn- 

Tht hi«r eXLvntKiu tn Jun^Und for witt-h- 
craft w;i« in 8.^ventcen hundred and sixtwi), 
wlivu Mr-s. Hicks and her lli.lle <l:iiuhter, 
A;»ed nine, were harii;t>«) ut Iliinlinifdou fur 
sidlingthutr»nMlstolhiMlevil; nmkiiig ihrir 

nfi;;hh>uii-8 vomit ))iiiB ; for putl 

imkii)^ I 
ill" otf I 


1lf«t*:<d with this dcliMion, was lliv fearfnlj own tttuci^ingato ninkc a lutln-rof 8oap,andB0 
piu^ which chlhlrt-n, by thL-ir fuleehooda and to raise a slonn, by wliivli a ct^rtain Hliifi was 
vmcivv, Vi->r<- in iU ^n old woman named ".iliutiat'' lo<st, and ti>r«>theriiiipo!4)tihte crimea. 
Jaii« Hrc <ki. w.-ia oxe^'Uied bec:m)ie one It was not uniil afttrv seventeen hundred and 
[iehanL Jone«,"asprij,'(illy ytiuth of twelve," ti**ty-one that ihc final iib>flition of Jnnies the 
rird «>iit a;;;.tiii8t her for Itiving bewitrhcd Fir-fit*HdcteBtiib[eBtatiitewaAubtained. l>i) the 
1 .1 r ■iimerfcitt'd ejiilej.lii; conv-nUiMna.' thirtieth of July in lhutyear,three men were 
t>le4, the nwitor of the Milliir itii;>, tried (tir the murder of one auxpecteiJ witidi, 
luned chiefly on aociMint of a giil i and the attempted niunler of another. Oncuf 
fthirtceii.whoidityedthe partof**p<iB'rfi8ed" I the men, named Colley, was executed. The 
the )iU. Jidinn Ooxe wna jndicintly ' rubble curstrd the anthuriliea, and made 
r-it-rcil Iwcnnse — besides Its beiii^ pr<ived a riot ab'uit the gallowit, pniising Culley for 
^at nhe had been hunted when in the t'orni' having nd their {tarisli of a malijjinniit witeh, 
^ a hare ; that ihe had a toad for a fiuiiliar ;' miil hohiing him up aa deHTviug ot n-wunj, 
\%n\, Kt>« had iieeu seen to tly out of her' not puiiiHtiuieiit, .And this murder led to 
lindow; ftnii that she could not repeat the iJnj abolitinn uf the Witch Laws. 
Lortl's IVnyer — &he had l>ewitched a young' All these nre histories of long a;;o ; bo Jong 
BcrofidoiM tendLiicies and nervous as to be nlmoBt oulof cogu'isAnceaa belonging 
lility, who would have sworn to the ^ to ouwclvea. Yet, how m.iny weeks huT* 
lt6od thnt presented itself to her ])iL-<sed Hiuce thoa^; letters cu tno-lern witch* 
Lion. Ami these are only three out craft npp4-ared in tlie Times } Since some not 
redsand thouKanda of rn-Lancea where ilfsiiieiible iuiellccts among u* have openly 
nicerablo afllicted chiMren, as they a<topteil all Lhe silline^a and trnnsp;trent 
ileil, swore away llic lives of hanuteM decepii jH of the so-called apirit-riijjpers T 
~ Kling people ! During the I^mg Since miracles have Iwen publicly pro- 
t»I(me,about three ihntisatid penple claimed in cerl-iin Catholic cijunlrte.H t 
nted in Eugland for witi-hcr.ift ; Since one jonruitl of tJiis country gruvely 
nut thirty tliou«ind were uxecnte^l in all. argued for the truth and the reality ot diabo- 
Tbe year after Julinn'a execution, Sir lical posseasion, and dintinct Sjitanic a:;eucy, 
fnttti»w fl:de tried and condemned Anny ' jta cxeuiidilied by the popular notum of 
; and Iio»eCalIonder,at Saint lilmonda- wilclieratt ? With such instances aiiaiuwt 
bu evidence and for supposed otfeuces ; ns, we have littl>! cansa ofaelf-gmtulati'jn on 
a child of this century would not ihe score of national exempti'm from aupei^ 

One of the char>:eji ruiide nyainat the 

IrKtiiAiued witeh, was tlie aeniling of a be« 

UAJl to a chiM of nine years of age, 

nail the Ifee forced the giil toiwallo^v; 

of uteven, she sent llica with crooked 

ouco she sent a moude, on what errand 



What an immente difFfronce there la 

^ ' between hearing of an extnionlinary fact — 

pP'-ar; ami once the younj^er Iwtween even Iwlieviog it; that is, simply 
joul the house Hupping her apixm wiying to yourself, " Ye», I suppose it muMi b« 
,^ Uoih ! hush ! aayiii,' she Siiw a true, liecau»e evfrylM>ly aeenia to tahe it for 
riier* were nnmerons connts ngfdiiKt gninied," and witnessing the aume fart in 
h« two woruen, of tlio fcime charauier as pro(«r [>erBoti ! Ke^dng alKmt the hca, for 
li«se; without any better evidcno*. with- instance, and making your lirst sea-vuyjiye ; 
nx any sifting of this »b«urd le*timoiiy, mpdly porusing a book of tnivel*. and 
ritfaxmt ant ii.e-licid ini|nirv, the ^mve, b.iioI<iing for joumelf n tropical country ; 
>»ni»ii, and pi-us Sir Miitthew Uale con- glancing ut the report of on execution or a 
rflineti theia to death by Uio Uw uf the battle, and being actually present At Uie 





118 UnnM l.HBTJ 


[C«Bl>Clri Ir 


Imrri'i Rcene, are, respectively, two qiiit« 
difft-rent attaira. Wo rea<l CiipUin Cuok's 
advt'iituri'u Hinongtt various toPage islauiier»i, 
Mill even liU death by ibeir iKiiuin, witliniit 
fliiy very stAitHng or exreplional irii|ii-e»ai(m. 
It %H ail Huiusiiiji romance, a tefrilik* tmgotl^, 
iiu iimiv. We tigurtt lo ourwlvea BavageH in 
gviii-nil M enemies merely — iw lioMiiiy with 
cu'iltsf*) itinii reUtiotis 8:niiliir 10 tliose of tlic 
KreiK^I) Atitl Eitgl't*!! of oil], — u onlA^oiiistic 
pifWL-rs. tliiit is all. But no acute olmi^rver, 
who went round t!ie world with hU eyes 
wide 0|ieii, mya, that what impressed him 
most ihiring the whole of tlint vu«t tour, was 
the HiiiliL, fnce to fnce, uf a real savnge iimn. 

L-'ttely, A BimiUir anrprise awnited myst-lf, 
thnu^'h hi.t froiu Bliy fierce, utiUtnied ffllow- 
cienture. luit, <»n the contrary, frotii a n-niart- 
ahly iiii-fTeuhive niid well-lriiiued pciBua. I 
had he.-it'd uf George Didder in hiA time, 
t)iMt is, when his powens wfi-r puMicIy exhi- 
Inled. Kecenily, the fuiueof t)ie muthmia- 
ti'-nl sheplienl, ilenri Momlviix, had reiiched 
my ears. I had regnrde-i the n-iiutAtioM of 
Ok we ceUhrilieit, aa ni(*iitiil-iirithiiit--lit-'iiin4, 
with the same nonrhnlnnee wiih which |»e(>ple 
alwaytt regnnl thin;;8 of which they are igiio- 
niut, bill the (ither evening I wtut pn's<*nt, 
by invituiiuu, nt a private iissi-nitily, ludd t(i 
u'itiiecB tlic ejcpluiu ufa voun;{ niiiii who wa^-i 
Biiid to Biilve wuudernd pri>ld<-in8 tu Iiii4 head, 
mid 1 wiis aU<) reqitesied to prepare nu iirith- 
nieticnl qnrstion or two. I did »*, chuckling 
nil the while to niywdf, "If you get through 
that, my gnixl sir, withnnt help of pelt ur 
Iwtper, you are a cleverff fellow timri I 
exi»r>'t." The nieeliiig wiia «iin!''rv)ii(«, the 
tUHJority {itidu^h far from the tulalitv) hfing 
8ch<K>ltio\a, with a sharT>-sot app--tite for a 
diBplny i.f cyphering tikil), 'IIk- !ien> of the 
tii^iit \^A» aUudini; in the niid»t, in the sit'i- 
tude conitnou to Mind people and exlrcmtly 
alweiit jtnd llionghlful pci-sunit. Herequeatcd 
nilfUee to he kept while he was making lii» 
cidcn hi lions, which he diil walking ba<.-kwaMls 
ai'd forwards, wiiU a sort of aburL, quiirl«-r 
deck »tep. 

" WImt shall wo begin wUh V wna ft 
Datund inquiry. 

" i?iip[M^c wo take addition 6r«t,ftnd mount 
gt-adiiidy through the rule«. Will any one 
uanif imy auuw they tbiuk fit to be added 
together (" 

lJei-en|Kin various individnala dlc'nted 
itenia of hiiudre>la uf ihonsiuitis, a million mid 
oiUi, a few huudredn, and even nmls, to 
render the task the more puzzling, till sonit- 
t«n or twelve lines of figurea Wcio taken 
down by the gentleman who acteil hb secn- 
Lary. ik'fore he euuld finish the addiLiun on 
fiaper, tile phenomemiD wave the total iiei.'ii- 
ratcly. I Wguu tu trcmhle for my qiiestioua, 
fearing that they would not prove poaera. 

Ne»t wfis iu*opo8e<l a sum uf suhtraotion, 
in which trillions were to lie deducted from 
trilliMU^ The rentainder was givim as eni»ily 
as aa anawer to What o'clock is it? Cer- 

' tainly my qneations would turn out no po«er» 
at all. 

" Can you extract cube-roota mentally 1 " 
I HKked. 

" Yva, give me one.** 

" Wliiit IS the cube-root of nineteen tboa- 
sand six hurnlred and eighty-three I " 

"Oh, that ia too «a»y. It ia twenty- 

Ijiierin the evening he extracted a eube- 
i-oot of (i)iir figures. The schoidlMivs were 
dtdiglited nu<l iL«toniahe(L If they liad not 
applauded heartily, m ihey did, ihcy wonU 
not have been achuollmyB, 

"I hnve a little calculation lo propfKe." I 
said, " whirli involves muttiplicition prjnei- 
jMilIy. A fleet of aeveuty-three fi-'<hirig >><>(ita 
sMirt fi'()m I'unkerquo on the first of .\piil, 
to catch cod iu the North Sea. Thuy re-turn 
on the thirty-fir'^t of July ; that is, Uiey are 
Ab<enl four luonihs." 

" I uiidentt.-md ; they ni« oat at aea a hnu* 
dred and twenty-two days." 

'* Elicit boat carriifs nineteen men. How 
many men are thcit? in the whole fleet 1 " 

"One thuuHaiid three hundreil aikI eightJ^ , 

"And if each man eats f<mr pounds of | 
I'lvad per day, how much hrea 1 jwr day ia 
eaten on bimrd all the bitfits I *' 

"Of C'lUtee, live thousaud five hundred 
and hTty-fight poun*U/* 

" With how min:h bread, then, musi the 
fleet l>e proviHlnneil, t^j supply it daring the 
whole of Iu four-months' voya;;e / " 

Thy c.ik'ul;il<>r, who li:(d atinid atill during 
th- previitus questions, I'csumed his qnsrter- 
ih-ck pa<-iiig lo and fi-o, and put un. as 
cfjuutr) pi"|ile any, hi^ conaiderlng-eap. In 
a few iuftunti he slopped aliort, and sahl^ 
"Ttiey niiiKt lake out with them six huodre»l 
tind weventy-six thonsjind, eij;hl huudrod and 
fifty-eix pouuils of bread." 

" pel fecily conect ] Quite right ! •* 

The boys were in erwLocies, which fDUlul 
vent iu anoilier round of nppUnse. 

•* But lhe*e luird-woikiug tiahemien," I 
continued, "keen up iludr stren<;th with 
souMtliirig else l>emdtfa bread, Kach mtiQ 
driitka a glaaa of gin every morniug ; liow 
many dmrnn are druuk duriug the course of 
the fuur ntuiiihs 1 " 

Another ^hul■t pr<^menndo, and then the 
aiotwtT, "One huudred and aixty-niue thott- 
s.'iiid. two hundred and fourteen. 

** Hut Ihiit in not nil ; the gin is kept in 
Iwitles, and etch IwUle holds thirty-ttevra 
poVilt} v«-rie« or drama, lluw many bottlea 
mu-t tliL- fieet e.iny out I " 

'"It niusl take out— let ua see — it must 
tiike out lour thoiigaud five hniuhvd and 
si-vcntv-threo botth-ji, and a fractiou couiiU- 
ing oftliiruvii ilrnma over." 

And so eiidL-d iiiy questioa iiumltcroQef 
no poser nor aas's bridge at alb Tbe 
inlervHt of the audience wa* highly exrllivl. 
To give a short repose to the uaJcuh«ior*s 




UK«*t LIHlT.j 119 

bntn, a youn;; Inily treated us to a cbarxuiog 
diveri lAMf ineiit oti ttie piauo. 

»•* Are you lirni V 
**0\\ ho; nut at nil." 

**Sh»U we try ituiueihiDg wilh a greater 
nntiili'r uf tipiir«« 1 ** 

"If yon pleKte,** 

'*l.iHAii, (hell. I have a bottle of Hilch- 
watcr. the ctitiieuls of « na I ain 
eatiinatr, antoiint to ci(;h(y-i)evpii thoiiitantl, 
five limidreil aihI aixty-lwu ilrops. In every 
drvji), on i-Xdiiuiiiiiig it witli tl)c luicroifcope, I 
£uu tliicv tiifcita i-f Muinmlcutes — Urge, 
tuttlillt-Btce<t, ami flnutll, tmnu-ly, Sfvent^'eu 
larttD oiti-8, tliirty-niue luitUile-apzt-d, rtml two 
buii«]ied and iixiy-fonr t-niAll. First, tell me 
how iiijuiy Urge aiiimaicuUi! 1 have iu luy 

Alter a few ^yttcvK the correct answer is 

veil : " You hxve one million, four liiiiidred 

ul eighty -eight tbousaD'i, tire hundred aud 


" And how many mi'Mle-aized ones ?*' 

"Thrre mitlioDB, four hnn<1red nml four- 
teen thoMBnud^ nine hundred aud tightt^fu," 

*• Kxactly. Aud how many unmll oiii^ ?" 

''TMemj-three mil lions, one hundted and 
twei>t\-Bix tliouBAod — " 

So ; you have made an error thfre." 
fiioii [ U-t mo see. It is twi-nty-lhree 

illi(>iKi, one hun<(rcd nm) sixteen thousuud, 
ilirve hundn-d ami aixly-eijght." 

•• IVrfecily correct. And now, if you 
plcnsf. how many suimnlculrs, hir^e^ smnll, 
anil ndildle-sizeH, hiive I altogether iu my 
bottlu of .litch-water ? " 

** Vou have tweuty-vifrht millions, nineteen 
tht^'iiHaitd, <rii.'ht hunilretl aud forty." 

" But I i<Wi'rvL>.uu wuichinj; them, 
t'-' ■ ' 'rtiye aiiinuileule eats, per dav, one 
I li and thr<-c Utile aiiiuuilcnIeK. 

11; - 1.1..].} animalcules sli:tll I have left at 
tliv eml uf a couple of days I" 

"llierc will b«,aUtigelher, sixteen millions, 
one liuuilre^] Mud eUvun thousaud, four hun- 
dre*) and eight siirviTors." 

A fter a lew other arithmetical lucuWationF, 
UiR CMlcutatiu^r |ierfornier made a f>ru)ioaiLtou 
vhich not a little stiirtletl his anditors. 

" l>ictute to me," he Kud, " from a written 
[lAper, a hundred and tidy fiuureu, any you 
pleaie, in any order, and I will repeat them 
to yoii by hoarU Kead them aluud tu me, by 

A gentleman present took pencil and paper, 
■nd wrote down a Ktring of fiirni-ea as they 
esBw into hit head, by cUuuce. ^Sevt-o, 
Booaht, nine, five, three, one." 

* Yes,'' said the pheuouieuon, ** gft on.** 

• Nuught, five, seven, six, two, three.** 
•* Yes ; go on." 

Anil sn on, till Uicra were a hundred and 
fifty fi'^iires on the list. 

•• Will yon like to mske it two hundred I " 
•akctl the imperturbable caloulaior. 

" No, no ; that^s quite enough," shouted 
the liamune audience. 

"Now, repeat them once ngnin, nuirk." 

Till? fi;,'uren Wi-re repwitwl accurdiuyly, 

** I am ready ; they ai'e naded fjist in my 
head, jf I nutke a mistake, siiy ' Kalt*e,* hut 
don't correct me. Which way will you like 
to have tiiem said t — Spgiuniug ftum the 
bej^iuiting, or beginning fn>ro the end ? The 
yreat nuudit r of Xfrim in the list makes it 
more dilficult ; but never mind." 

*' r><%')u irom the iK-ginning," was the con- 
siderite wurd of commund. 

The wonder resumed his pacing step and, 
with hidf-ohut eyes .iml forefinger vibi-atiug 
by tliv si<)e of his furehead, clos*^ to the 
phrenolni:ionl oryau of numhi r (a favontiio 
action with him), eummenced his re^ieliiiou: 
*' Seven, nMUj^'}tt, nine, five, three, one ; 
couyht, Jive, sevi-n, »ix, two, three, etcetem ; 
uniil ilie hiui'Iied nud fifty figures were run 
iff the rolU<uill, iu much the siime tone as a 
Mule child rt>citcs " liuw doth the little buny 
bee iinpruve each shining hour." There 
wei'e only one or two ctTurs, owing, he Kiid, 
to the tremrhcroMs 7.>tos ; and, on tim admo- 
nition " Fnlse," they were corrected without 
aid. And ilien he rei>entK<I the lint hnek- 
wards, wi'h the same mouotonoua ease. And 
then he 4-irercd to name any uue given figuro 
on the Vuil, 

"What is the forty-fifth figure, counting 
from the end 1 " 

** A seven, between a one on the right 
han-l, and a nine on tlia left." 

** What is the twenty-first figure from the 
be^'inuing ! ** 

" A five, with a Eero to the right, and « 
three to the letl,** 

Aud then he sat down, atni<Ut crowning 
npiiUuse, wiping the iientpiralion from his 
biow, as well he might. And then ho rt-ss, 
nn^l gnve a detaile<l «utiiniing up {with lliQ 
fiijureM) of :dl (he prolilems ho had gone 
tiirou^'h duiiiig the evening. 

Jt-nn .Tn^-ques WHukler, the person who 
executes thine pixKJigi^-s of ueut;d ^ymnns- 
tii-a, according to bia own account, was txirn 
at Zurich, in eighteen hundred and thirty- 
one. He is one of a family of eight — four 
sons and four daughters. Uis f.ithcr ts a 
rclircril bilbbroker. living on his int'oiuo a 
sort of ftuiiuiil life (the inu's expnssioii), and 
wishin? to keep the wanderer at home, 
Jeau .lHC<^ue», from hts eailiest chil<lh'>r>tl, 
stuflied all sorts of subjects by night and by 
day, pnsst-ssing a p<>autiar aptitude for calcu- 
lation, cum hiunl with a prodigious memory. 
Ue studied iu Tarions pUces, and under 
various instructors, even under Arax'*^ 
amungst others. This hard study gradually 
weakened his eyesight, till he became quite 
blind, aud continued so for two yell's and 
a-half, namely, from eighteen huntlri't) nnd 
tifty-tinee to eighteen hundred and tifty-five, 
when he was twenty-two to Iweoty-fivo 
years of age. Xlie blindness came on " comi- 
cally," he says, without headache or pntn iu 
the eyes ; iu iJiorC, £e has never been til in 



hw life. A3 lontj m the rieprWntion of sight 
oonlimi*''!, l»i* ]L[re:it riiuusemenl vfna to onlcu- 
Intv proliltiiim ill hin licotL Kvfsi^lit returned 
jiraiiimlly. as it hail ilepirt«<l, hut only j>ar* 
tially. M^ilit^al men proini»e him tU citu- 
jileU' revtorattun, ifbe wuuhl renounce nieutnl 
umthematica ; but the proi»ciii«ity is too 
(ilroi)<r. Ha ]iri-fi>i-nis iu hia heti'l all florta of 
c&lciihi1ii)iis ill Bpherical IrijfonoiiH'try, curves, 
and other biituukes of hi'.,'h-Hcietice. But, for 
hintitelf. llie moat (liflicult uiwmlioii is siiiiplo 
nidUiiilicalioQ on a 8L>iueAliat ext^M<]e<l scale, 
8ay the nmUipIi(%ition of tweuty tiK"i"t'» hy a 
iiiultiplii^r coiiHi:«tin)f uf litleen or twenty. A 
auiii like tliia lakes him Icn or ttvelvc 
niiiitiU>s lo wmk menU»lly — the only way 
piisaible ; for he amnot see clearly enon^h 
even tri aicrn hia oatne without having hia 
hand giiiiietl. 

(*ottirni-y to most of the calciilatore httlierto 
exhibitei] to the public, an<l who, like Moii- 
doux, aro matheniaticiiiiie by iiiHtin<:t> Aixl 
cannot explain how they arrive at tUeir 
reaolta. Jl. Wiokler ia perfectly aoqualrited 
wiUi tho theory of nitmbfi-A, anil arrives 
at the solution of the atriiiigent proViIoma by 
meaiia of a nietho<lical nK'iitjil operation. 
He has fornniln of his own fur the extraction 
of cube roots, for instance, and short ciila for 
trigonometry. A pow-jr coiisintiu}; of thirty 
floured taltca htm fair or fire minutes to 
extmct ita <;ube root inentnlly — an ast'^uikl- 
iiig feat ; for a goo() ai-illmielirian will re- 
<jiiire three qitartera of an huur to ilo the 
same thing with pencil ami nliite. He liaa 
pmj<.'cte4l a niiitliematiail Iniok, to f»cilitato 
auiJ ttliLfVtcii iiitricati; operations of tlie kin<l, I 
but haa hitiiertu been prevenlei) by tlie (lilK- 
culty of proJucing in writing Ida iuiagiueJ ^ 

In many respects M. Winkler differa much 
from ni'tlinaiy men. He in uf niidilKf Htatiire, I 
with filriii;;ht blauk hair, hut liUle beani, 
and a countenance wliich would be uj,Teeal>Ie 
but for itd wail and fjided Iogk» aa<i the aad- . 
ntsf impressed upon it by n pair of sunken 
luck-lu>itre e^ea. He w far Iroin b^ini; aad, i 
ncvui thekf^^i. He ia, be saya, paasionlefta, I 
and aUo-jtither elastic a.i to Ida every>l:iy , 
requirements. He can live on one slight { 
nieul a d:iy, and take to Ids l^cd and sleep or 
doze for any uiven time. He eala almiist no 
breuti, and quite no potatoes, dcclnring that 
the latter article of diet only muki-a peoplfl 
phleftntatic and stuptJ. He luvea strong tea, 
without milk, salui-att-d with as mucli sugar 
tks it will iiold in atdniiun. He U iiidifft^rcnt 
to flowers and gardens, or rather liaa a dislike 
to tliem, and lliinka t-ikiug a walk one of the 
ino*t irksome w-ays of wnstiii" time. lie ia 
exceeilinxiy fond of mu^ic, plays the piano 
fnirly, an') ain^a in a ste:vdy basa voice that 
deacunis to nil luiuaual de)>tl). Being as 
Dtiarly ua may be blind, ho has acquired m 

great power of olieervation by the aenae of 
hearing. He formn his opinion vf the (Mi<i'«ona 
with whom he is bmught into contict by the 
tone and inflexions of their voiecH, In the 
ccutrae of his adventurous and coaniopotite 
existence, he hiw nlvvaya had recour;*© to ibis 
method of ap| hia conueutiona, and 
ho is never, lie asaorts, deceived iu the eatJ- 
n]ate of clinractcr to which it lea la him. 
Oernian is hia native language; French he 
a|>eakN neither with case nor acciirucy ; 
I-ngbfih, still nio)*e imperfet:tly. The extdlil* 
tlon tiuscrilwd In tliia arlieln wan spoken oiU 
in French ; tlio cidcuhitions and the eif^rclae 
of memory were carried on in OpDiian (soine- 
tiniea whiapei-cil audibly), which inei^eaoed 
the difticnlly of the |>erformance. Peuple 
given to entertain donlita may ascril»e ihe 
abtive (leculiarities partly to ciiarlatnnism or 
trick, and partly to eccentricity ; but \t ia 
imposVible that any deception should exist in 
reapeot to the extruonlhiary talent fur oalau- 

It seems a pity that sncli exceptional 
powers ahould not be turneil tu some aocountt 
as those of onr own (Jeorge lliddcr have 
been. Thf* luinforrune of blindness is a great 
impe<limenL He liaa reftueil, by bis owfh 
statement, offei-a of engagement, for fear of 
*lie responsibility; hia defective sight not 
enabling him to verify the exactiiesa uf the 
iigiirca givcu him to work with, and thus 
placing him at the mercy of deatgniirg persona 
to produce false residts of the moat aerioiu 
importance and gravity. 

Travelling, or, re.iTly, vagkbondiug, w!th<»tit 
method or plan, ipiite alone and unaided, he 
doea not even derive the proBt he might 
from the prccceda of public stances as a 
show. An arr.mgemeut with a clever leader 
might prove a good speculation for 1>i>th, if 
he in not fixedly wedded to gtpsy-Iike habita, 
^rpiitlea<», roving, imjiatteut of all control, 
BruHueU is likely to be hia whcrealiouta t'vnm 
thia time to the cud of August ; but the 
fi-cipiQut fate of these erratic plienouiena is, 
to sink suddenly to the lowest deftha of 
want and ul>s<:iiriiy, jtiid there to reuaiii, to 
return to the surface never more. 


UILLER &. CURTIS, No. 3!U Dboidwat. 

Publish, frnm advoDce >bc«t« from the Antbofi 


8vo.. paper, 50 oeota. 

Tlic aame Wurk, bend^'onMi Libmrv Edition, 1ar|* 
(y])e, ISiiM., cIoUi, |f. 
For sole by all dealers. 

MiLLEB & Cchtis, rublisbera, Office, No. 321 Broadway, New York. 

'Familiar in their Moutr,$ as HOUSEHOLD WORDS. 





8ATUEUAY, AUGUST 8, 1857. 


.0 o«nt«. 


^buntlred niul ten ypars ago a sheriff of 
to, nniued Simon Fitz-^fiiry, fountle^l 
ioilf, in tlie parish of Binhnp^jjale, near 
9n) corner of fxiwer Mooifhlils, a 
» tte<!lcatetl lo St. Mnry r.f IletJiIeiiem. 
I required that the pnor, cftnonn, lire- 
ki)<l sinlL-rs maintAiiied upon this fouu- 
Ifihould represoiil tliedHrkness of night 
rir r4i)i«s ; each waa to be dressed in 
pK« black, nod wear a stnglo star upon 
tafut. Into thu diirknesH of tlie clouded 
pf the poor hiuaLic, no star then shone. 
^(■d tlte life of a tnmu'nted ontcnst. 
t priory of St. M!ii7 of Ik'lhlehem in 
Wtfate, was vritbin two dozen yeara of 
^iuff the thin! century of its life as a 
Qng linu»e, vheu ther« were great 
i at work among reli[;iou8 houaes in 
iintry, and a I^indoii nierehant-tailor 
lien Genuinga — oifcreJ to piiy forty 
towards buying the honse of Betlde- 
~ tunuDg it into a hot*pttal fur the 

rly-two years later, King Tlenry tlie 
made a gift of the house to the City 
idon, and it then 6rst became, by order 
^ city aiithorititis, a lunatic asyhim. 
;the fniiitest glimmer of the star that 
|»e harbinger of peace then jpieroe<! the 
[of the alHicted mimh Tlie asylum was 
^ of chains, and manaelex, aud sloaka. 
• of the last years of the sixteeuth cen- 
Mrheu Bolhlelieni, an a place of refuge — 
jU»er of custody — for the insane, was 
fci-ee years oM, a committee apiKtinted 
jDrt upon it, declared ihe hduse to lie so 
toine and filthy that it was uot fit fur 
tn to cuter, 
■ity nii>re years went by, and the oM 
Lwaa then not only loath5ome in all its 
nt as to the very suhstanco of its walU 
1 and rninons. A new buihiing 
r neoesBAry, Innd waa gmnted by the 
> anil corporalioD, in Coltrman Street 
^ul funds for a new building were col- 
A pleasant little incident Is tuld 
collection. The coUctors came one 
the house of An old Bentlenian, 
ffigat dovr was AJar, aud whom they 
mUtof < ntting his ■en'ant soumlly, 
^Iker baving lighted a fire with a 

match, she had put the match into the fire, 
when it could hHve been used a second time, 
beciiuse it was tippeil with sulnhur at both 
enU. To their siirprise this old gcnllenian 
— when the cidjeciui-s asked him lor aom« 
money—counted out tn them, quite cheer* 
fully, four hundred gnineaa. They remarked 
up-m what they had overlieard. 

**ThaL is another thing," KiiJ he. " I do 
not spend this money In waste. Don't be 
8ur|>rii*ed a^ain, masters, at anything of this 
Sort; but Hlways exjiect most from prudent 
proplo who mind their accounts." 

Partly with charitable purpose, partly 
with Bel5s!i purpose, to provide a place of 
confinenjcnt for the lunatics, whom it was 
uot safe to leave loose in the streets of Lon- 
don, abundant funds were raised; and, in the 
year sixteen hundred and seventy-five, the 
tirdt stniie of a new Bethlehem was laid — 
south of Moorfields — on London Wall* The 
buihiing was a large one, with two win^s 
devnled lo incurables. It had garden ground, 
and at its eri trance-gate were set up the two 
stotio figures of madness carved by Ctbbei' — 
Colley (.'iblier's fntlier — who is nearly as well- 
known by them as by the eml>Icmftlic.Hl 
fi[*utvH at tlie base of the monument on Fish 
Street Hill, of which also he was the seul|>- 
tor. One ol ihe figures representing mndncss, 
is said to have been mo«lelled from Oliver 
Cromwell's big door-keeper who became 
insane. Tlie two figures — repaired by Bucoa 
— itnnd in the entrance-hall of the existing 

But the existing Bedilehera U not that 
which was built in sixteen hnndrc<l and 
seveiity-fivo, facing the ground in M^forfielde 
then a plcasanuce to the citizens, laid 
out with trees, gras.s, railings, aud fine 
gravtfl-p:ith:«, aud traversed by a broad and 
shady walk paralUI to the hospital, that 
was known as the City Mall. Bethlehem^ 
while the pleasauuce lastc«l, was a part of it. 
Fi»r a hundred years an admission ftr<— first, 
twopence and then of a penny — was the 
charge for a promenaile among the lunatics. 
The more agreeable of the aufferem were 
lodged convcnitrTillyon the upper etorie-s and 
the more ainiv-ttnl kept in nlth within the 
dungi'ons at the basement. 

}Vthlehem, as an asylum fur the insane, 
even in Irs first state o( ft\xU«u\.\\ cttuX-x^f^ 


lontliatimenesa, while it was atill half & rrll- 
gious )iDU86, hail iKt^ii a sli<fW-pUce. Thus, 
certain geuLlemen ia oue of Dekker*s pla>d 
ask : 

** Majr we ace aome of tliow wrcUbcd HttU 
TliM mrc here in your keeping P" 

And the aOBwer is from 

" FnuR Amklmo (ia charge of Sethlem). — Ye« 
j'ou tTifell; 
Bai, iteiitlcintD, I mutt dlwrm yoo, iben. 
Tlirro vc of nMuJmeit, u iWre kre nf uuDe,— 
All humour'il not aUI(«. We liave licre »<>niB 
So ai>i4h iiid fsniutie, pUy wiili « Frathcr : 
And tha' 'livould ^ievc a ■oul lo tee Go«l*i image 
So Itleoiitbn] and defaced, yet do iucj act 
Stich antick aad aiieh pretty luoactci, 
Tliat^to orianoMT t)icy will iiuitieyoa imila. 
Othrrm, again, we havr, like angry liotiff, 
Firn-'c at wilil bulls, iintain<-alilo m l1i>o« ; 
And llicH have oftrtttiine* Trom •tningcrs* Me* 
SiiatcVd rapien tuddenly^ and done tniiuh harm ; 
Wboin, if you'U tec, you iiiuat be weaponless." 

No doubt a like rule was impiMed also 
upon the promenadeni who strolled into 
Bethlem from llie (Jily MitlL It was only 
iu the year scvcutccit hundred and seventy, 
thnt the as^luu ceaacd to be included among 

At the l>eginninff of the present century, 
the second hosjntnV bein^ of not moiv than 
ftbuutouc hundred and thirty yciu-a'ittjuidinir, 
It was found necessHry to rebuild it on 
another site. The City of London granted 
eU'ven acres ou the Surrey side of the 
Thames, which were purt of its Bridge- 
House estate, for ei^ht hundred and ntneiy- 
five year*, dnting froju the year eighteen 
hunared and ten. Two years hitcr, the 
first stone of the exifllin<^ Bethlehem waa 
laid by tlie Lunl Mayor, and the btiild- 
iag was completed — two-aud-furty yerin* ago 
—at an expense of about one hundred and 
twenty thousand pounds, uf which nutti more 
than half was coutributeil by the country in 
eucces-sire grat^ta from parliament. As the 
united hospital of BridLHvell and Bethluliom, 
the establiBlinient is well endowed, dniwing 
from llM estates and funded properly an 
Income of about thirty thoiuaiul [>nniiihi 
a-year. Tliat is the fin^t material faot 
in a case which we shall presently bo 

But even at the time, bo recent as it is, 
when the new Bethlehem was built, and for 
flome years aftur, the atar uf Bcthlelient was 
set in the deep blackness of niglit. Simon 
Fits-Mary's priors, in the dress he prescribed 
for them, might be emblenua of the light thai 
had shed no ray into the darkness round 
ttbouL None needed more than the lunatic 
to know, and none knew leas than he did, of 
a star that should lead to peace on earth and 
goodwill among men. Atnicle>:l withadisonier 
which we now understand to result mainly, 
perlia]>s invariably, frum depressing causes, 
be was, litl the beginning of this century and 
after i^ submitted to <leprc8ding troatmeut 

' that alone wouhl hare sufficed to drive tbo 
bunltliiL-st to m;ulnewt. The remedy for lunacy 
which we now find in cheerfulness and hope 
was R<)ngUt iu glootn and terror. It was toe 
accepted doctrine as n-garils the lunalie, that 
ho sliouh) not find putice ou earth or meet 
with goodwill among men. At the beniuning 
of this century insane people were ch vincd 
uji, and even tloggcd at certain periO'Uof the 
moon's age. Treacherous Boon were coa> 
trived that slipped from under them, and 
pitingeil them into what were called baths of 
surprise. One device, suppowd to bo reme- 
dial in its efiect, to chain the nuh%)>py 
fiiiflercr inHide a well contrived »o tluit water 
should creep slowly, slowly from his feet up 
to hid kuees,from inn knt-es to his ann^^froin 
his arms to Ida neck, and stop only in tha 
luoriicut that it threatened him with iostaot 
suH^fcatiou. Dr. Ditrwtu invented a wheel to 
which Itinntics were fastened on a chair, and 
on which tliey were set revolving at a pace 
varying up to one buiidre'l revolutious in a 
minute. I)r. Cox suggested an improvetnont 
applicable in some casl-s, that was to consitt 
in whiriuig round the lunatic upon this 
wheel in a dark chamber, and assailing his 
sotiites lit the same time with horrid noises 
and foul smclla. 

It is not our pnnxue here to tell the hi9- 
torv of that great ciiaugc iu the treatment 
I of insanity wlii.-h la one of the most welcome 
j signs of the adv-mce of knowledge and civi- 
lisation in the present century. Only forty 
' yt^rs ago, when in [-Vance the experience uf 
1 Pinul at the BicStro had aln-aily gone txt to 
reverse tn many minds and in some pUe«s 
^ the old doctrine of rcatraint and terror, at 
I Bethlehem there were fouudten women in one 
side rix)m cliained to the wall, wearing no 
dress but a blanket, and without even a 
girdle to contlne the blanket at the waist. 
rhei*c were other8uch8pectacIe«,aud there was 
a man whose situation Is the nulyuct of one of 
the plat(>8 in the work of Eiquirol. In the wise 
and good Dr. Connlly's recent book upon th« 
ti-entnent of tU<i insane, the case of tliis man, 
buried in tbiek d-trkueas beneath the star of 
Br!thleheni, is ihiis di*scrihi;d. Hiituame wai 
Korris. '* He had been a powerful and vio- 
lent mau. Having on one c>ccasion resented 
what ho couidlered some improper treat- 
tnont hy his keener, he was fastened by ft 
long chain, wliicli was ingeniuusly p««Md 
through a wall into the next ro )tn, where thi 
victoi'lous kee[}er, out of the jiatient'a reack, 
could drag the nufortnnatc man close to tlw 
wall whenever he pleased." To protect hiOil- 
self, Norris wrapped straw about his fetten» 
A new tonuent was tlien invented. " A stiHit 
iron ring was riveted round his neck, fM(« 
wliiL'h a short chain p:Ls»ed to a ring nxade 
slide upwariia and downwards on an iipri||^ 
iiiassiva iron bar, more than six feet h^_ 
inserted into the walL Round bla body 
strung iron bar, about two inches wide, wM 
riveted : on each aide of the bar was a cl^ 

O artM li n> iij 


tiacu*! ■. i»; ] 123 

Pftlar |>rt>JectioOf whioh binng CLitttinoil to jtml 
Cncloalug ctLob of hia arms, pitiioueJ tliem 
cluM lo bi* ftiJtifl^ Thti efl«ct uf ttiU apjxi 
rxtiia waa that the putieiit couM iii<l<.'eil iikifie 
tiljDiicir up ko u to atnQd &gniu8l tbe wall. 
but coubt not stir une foot from \t, (»ubl iigl 
V. " >'<*p* BD(1 couM uut oven Vm duwu 

I i<ia back ; ami id tbts t)irnldoni be 

lita.i i.>v> iur twelve veara ! Dui-iag much of 
ti»t lime be ts repm*tei] as baviug been 
iilionMl in hia couveraaliou. But for bun, iu 
01 tbuse twelve ycara, there had been no 
riety of any klud, no rprrntbing cbange, ao 
•Itrfi nofifab air, do exereiae ; lo »ight of 

JatdSyOr ^arilcas, or earth, or heaven 

|t ii painful L» linve to add, that thia long- 
Dntiuufd putiUlinicut bail the recorded ap- 
robation of all tbe autboritide of the bus- 

But tbe atar of Gethleliem had then already 
bagnn to ahme rlTcctuidly. Slowly tbe dark- 
tea* m«)to«l iuto bj^bt, but it lurke>J long iu 
jaiiy corutjra of tbe pUi-ii — ao lon^', that only 
_!▼« ur aix ycikTA a^o lictblehem Iluspidd waa, 
oo *««Munt of oSenoes agaiii<it li^bt and 
luow1edf(c, which it was aaid to aJieUer, 
madr tbe aubject uf a j*nrliamentary inquiry. 
By that inquiry tbe aulboritica were rou-teil 
W takOTi^tic action. Tbey biid unwittuigly 
iDawod the boapital to fall iu sovci-ol reapecta 
bkUnd fomc kindred iuatituliund that kept 
with tbe impr<jviu|; knuwde>l{jr« of the 
i^lna liberal and earnest apiril they have 
working to make grKxl their error ; 
1>T a new saperintendeut at once 
' and en«rgfUc, tbey now lead 
J uaed to bg u{>au the road. 
Uuo Jiaage that has bcon rather lately 
made b characteristic enoagh of tbe rest 
Tltc brickwork which, except a round bol« or 
a fanlight, uaed to fill up the outliuea of what 
would have been winuowa in an ordtoary 
bonsi-, ha« all l>oen knocked awnyilhe bar^and 
double ban between the jtatient unJ the iv^Ut 
kavebeen uprooted ; lar^e willglaxed wiu>Iowa 
Titb ifae glasB set iu li<;bt iron fmme^, that 
li>ok even leai priaou-Iike tbau thicker frames 
C»f wood, have, tbroughuut, been anbslituled 
for tbe gral«<i crouniee wLueh are itill pre- 
served hy GoverDuieut iu that part of the 
ItaBfjital (Ievutt.'d to slate priBoners ; an<l iu 
lUs Why tho ({uautity ol buht and luiuhioe 
Irt into all tbe rooms and warda has >»eeu 
iDcToaaed aefeufold, or even tenfold. It aivea 
lifv to Uie Aowern in Ute wards, seta the bird^ 
•Urging, and brigblcna up the pictures and 
^^jAjit iuiagta with which the walla are all 
ftjonted. Light has been let into UfthU'bem 
in roore ■enaes than one. It is now an 
Mylutn of tlie most uuexcepti>.mable kind. 
Tnat ia the eccond materud fact in the caae 
rhieh we ohall presently be sUting. 
Tor, we k&Te a special esse to state nearly 
Mieeming a Urge section of aociely. and 
re are coming to it surely, although slowly, 
hni we muiit dwell for a little while upon the 
pUftiautnesa uf Bedlam. We went over tbe 

hospital a week or two ago. Wttlun t!ie 
entrance gates, ns we went rouml tbe b\wn 
towiinia the building, {jlauctng aaitle, we saw 
soveral groups of patients (juietly annning 
themsrlves in tbe garden, some pbiying on a 
gr.-isM-pIat with two or three nappy little 
children. We found afterwards that these 
were the children of the i-eaidont physician 
and superintendent, Dr. Huud. Tliey 
are truatod freely among tbe {latientB, and 
the patients take great pleasure in their 
praeence among them. Tlie sutft-rers feel tliat 
surely they are not cut off from fellowship with 
man — not objects of a harsh ilistruflt— when 
even little children oome to play with them, 
and prattle confidently in their eara^ There 
are no chaiua nor strait waistcoats now in 
Belblchem ; yet, ujion the staircase of a wwd 
occupied by men— the gi'eater nuuiber of 
whom would, in the old time, have been bebrld 
by sirong-utrned adults with A shudder — 
there atood a noble little boy, another fr»g- 
ment of the resident i)hyaiciau's family. 
with a bright smile upon nta face, who lf>oked 
like an embodiment of the good spirit that 
had found its way into the hospital, and 
chased oot all the gloom. 

Except the detached building for women 
which IS under tbe direction uf the State, 
and iu which are mniiit;unetl criminals diaf- 
charged from j>uui-limeni on the uround of 
lanacy^aml thid dim building, full of bolU 
and bars, in which mole patients are horiUd 
without system, is ft bit of the old obsolete 
gloom di-serviug of the heaviest censure, and 
disgraceful alike to the Governors of tbe 
Hospital and the Governors of the State— 
except this, all the wards of Bethlehem are 
airy and cheerful. In the eutmnee ball 
there ia a sharp contrast manifest upua 
the threahold between past and pi-e«cnt. 
Cibber*B two hideous statues of tbe mud* 
men of old, i^roaning in their chains, arc 
upon pedestals, to the right baud and the 
lefu Before us is a sunny atnircaae, and a 
great window without bar or grating, except 
that made by the leaves of growing plants. 
The Bong of a bird is the tirst sound that 
greets the e-ir. We |»ajw from room to room, 
and everywhere wl* tind birds, flowers, books, 
statuettes, and pictures. Thousands of middle 
class homes contain nothing so pretty as a 
ward iu Bedlam. In erery window [growing 
plants in potit, fernenes in Wartl's caaee. 
Sillying binls in cages, and sometimes, aleai, 
baskets of flowering plantji, are hung iu two 
long liuea on each side of the room, and in 
the centre of one wall there is, iu ever)' ward, 
an aviary. All Himces between the winduwa 
are adorned with fi-amed engravings;— 6poiled 
prints, that ia to say, impresitiona from, for 
the moet part, valuable and ctrstly phite^ in 
which there is aumeflaw that might eaHilyeseape 
the iuexpurienced eye, lutvebeen presented to 
tbe husi>it,'d in great numbers by consi'lerate 
priutsellers, anff bun<lre^l)t of theae ornament 
Its walla, Tarnished, firomod, and screwed i^> 



124 [AwM ^ HVJ 





roatientlyin tlioirplnccs by the patients them- 
svlvea, Scnrcely letw iiuiiierous are thu 
|)l;ifttor btiKtK Aitd stntiiettcq on little brackets. 
Tlie tabic.-* ill erery room ore brought to a 
bright poHsh by the hnml-lHbour of iti 
teiinnts, and iheir bright surface adda much 
to the elegance niid lighlnocs of the general 
effect. Upon the tnbles are here anfi there 
▼nacs, coiit.iininff frt-sh or artificial flowers, 
newif|)n|>i'nt, and otll(^r joumnla of the dny, 
books, cheas-boarila, and dmnghl-bonrda. A 
b:i;^> telle- board in among the fiintitiire of 
every ward ; generally it inelujcs niao a 
piano or an organ. \Ve have apoken gene- 
rally of a ward, but the word does not riK*au 
only one long room or poi-tioa of a gallery. 
There ia that common i^om ; there i« a not 
IcM cheerful dining-nK>ni ; tliere Is a bath- 
roum, au infirmary ; and there aro the old 
dungeon- cells, once Iij{bteJ by a round hole, 
and supplied with a tnuigh on the floor for 
bedjimd with anoiH;n drain-hole for toilet fur- 
niture, — now transformed into light and airy 
lillle bednioma, with a neat wooden bt-iUlead 
duly equipped to titke rest upon, and 
CAi'pi't on the floor. Diamnl old atoves have 
been removed, and the hot air app.iratua, by 
which the building ia warmed, is asHiatt^d, for 
the lako of ventilation oud of cheerfulneaa, 
with open fires. 

j\gain, there U at the top of the build- 
ing, with glass walla, and supplied with 
licMa for evening and foggy weather, one 
of the best bilTiard-roonia in the three 
kingdoms, maintained for the use of the 
palieuta. It is fully adapted for its purpoac, 
and ia cou\furtably furniHlied ; a large tAble, 
upon whioh are arranged magazinea and 
nt*wspapera, not being forgotten. Out of 
doors there axe pleoMint airing grounds ; 
there is the poultry to f^d ; there are sundry 
niHogs destined to provide annisement ; 
thero ii a good bowling-green and akittle- 

Furthermore, there is good diet. The die- 
tary at Kethleheni has bi'cu liberal for many 
years ; it being now clearly understood that 
full nourishment to the body is of important 
service in tlie treatment of insanity. 'J'hero 
ia a liberal allowance daily of good meat and 
beer, with no omiatsion of the Tittio odda and 
ends tliat make eating and drinking burdens 
upon life not altogether unendurable, and 
take the idea of pnaon-coramona quite out of 
the hospital allowance. Tn one cool room 
we found a nest of ptatca coutainitig got>ae- 
beny pte, which had been deposited there by 
their owners, simply because the room 
waa cool and the day hot. If thero bo two 
ideas that never before came into oasociatioD 
in our minds, they are gooseberry-pie and 

As to alt the small comforts of life, patients 
in Bethlehem arc as much at liberty to make 
provision for themaelvua as they would be at 
home. The restraint to which thoy are 
aulject is, in fact, that to which they would 

be Bubjeetf'd at heme, if they (N)uld there, aa 
in the ho8pita1, [>ut their ease under the direc- 
tion of a competent phy-ician. Their plc;LSUi-ea 
are not even «lwayn bounded by the hoapital 
walls. They go in little knotR, with an 
attendant, to enjoy the aighta of Loudon and 
the country round* about. 

Whim we rom[) with such details tbe 
tale of Norris, twelve years bound in iron 
hand and fuut within these wulU, and that 
within the present century, we marvel at the 
qniekncaa am! oompleteness of the change 
made by a reversal of old sniierstitions on the 
treatment of insanity, llie star of Both- 
leheiti nliineit out at laint. So snre is the 
influence of faith and kindness, that we found 
even in the refractory ward, plaaa femcasea 
laid haudy to the fist, and all tlie litite orna- 
ments and pleasures to be found eUewhere. 
Kot a caHc had been cracked ; not a plaster 
iainge h^d been broken. 

Tims we have in Bethlehem a bospttal 
endowed for the service of society by bene- 
fa<:ttntis t1i»t began six hundred ago, in 
which poor Uiiiatica can be manilaincd and 
trejitcd qtiitc apart from any system throwing 
them on county or on pariah r.itea, not as the 
objects of & charity, but as the receivers of a 
legacy from men who wished to be of nae to 
persons who would find the legacy an aid to 
them. The mimey was not left to the rich 
who need it not. The charter of the liospical 
rcq\iircB therefore that the patieuta who are 
admitted should be |>oor. Tlila was lnt*?r- 
preled to mean chiefly paupers, bat the care 
of pauper lunatics devolves on tbo societyin 
which they live, an<l is accepted by it. The 
great county lunatic asyhims now receive 
Uiem, and for thts reo&ou the number of 
adnii^aions into Bethlehem was diminishing, 
when Dr. Howl, the last appointed resident 
physician and superintendent, made a su^ 
gesLiou to the governora, which, after careful 
inquiry, they found to be not only wise, 
but practieaide without violation of their 
charter, and which they have accordingly 

Bi-thlehem is not fur the rich ; and, for the 
pauper lunatics of the community, there is 
now anijde and satisfactory provision, fiot 
there is an educated working class, hitherto 
left to bear its own sorrow in sickuess of the 
mind, or else be received among tlmpau|>ers:— 
onrates broken by anxiety ; surgeons earning 
but a livelihood who, when aiUictcd with 
insanity, are helpless men ; authors checkwl 
by sudden failing of the mind when breail is 
being earned for wife and children ; clerkl^ 
book-keepers, surveyors, many more ; who 
often battle agaiiiat trouble till the reasoo 
fails, and then miut either come u[ioq the 
rates, or, as far oflener Uappens, be supported 
by the toil of a brave wife s fingers, or by a 
sister who from scanty earnings aa a gover- 
ness pa^-s the small fee that can be a#ord«d 
to a tuird-rate private lunatic asylum, iltnr 
oH-en docs the toiling governess herself break 




UUnM « uu.i 125 

(Iiiwn, — Hiiil ii nlie &Ibo, whose ctilliiig proves 
V.\ivi ttlte hat been coiDpvlIed lo (•eli'-<lLM)Cii- 
, ix »he, when her deiK-iiiIt^ucc on tier- 
..^ liKti, to lie tliiuwii OB n p.inpcr on the 
courtly luuatic e&tubli^!hmeut t Here ia n 
Dew use fur Boililelifiii, arnl it ia oninjL; 
iii.iiiily, ve beli«ve, to tlie wise Uiou^litful- 
D'.rA uf Dr. Uood that apon «u-h xvnn- 
ilcrvn Its tlie^e, au<l upoa audi only, the 
•Ur of BctbU'hf m now sliiiies. Tu iiiiika Umt 
fiirt dtsitiictly kiiowu, ia the whole ohject of 
tlie present notice. 

Fur the Ia<t twelve months aud alwayit 

hencffbr^nnl, Betlilfhetu Uospititl hnii been 

»h<l wilt bo an iiistittition fur the receptinn 

and cure of uo pei'«<>u who is n pr'jjK'r object 

for ai1mi!tKii>n to a county hinatto luyliim ; but 

it will li'Imit |>ei-s<>nR, chiefly uf the ettucated 

cl:isv.«, who with the loss of rejwtii so fur 

\*)mu ihv iiirins of tivelihui><l Lluit they ciuiiiot 

obi^iiu siiiLrtble roainteu:iuoe in a i;o«»l pri- 

T»te e*tMbIi-«hruent. They will be maiiiL.'iiuud 

Kill) Lrt-Ht'-tl while ill BelMclieiu, free of iiU 

cu«L tu tliciurivU'ea, and also not nt the cmc 

of any tiviiijj mini, butns ttte jtist recel%-era 

»f ft te^aey inteu<Ied fur their ti^e and Iwiielit. 

tu be unl1era^>01l tlint now, m tiert*li>- 

le, patiuntM iri Betldeheut lloApitAl ttre of 

bree kinda. Ctitil Uovenimeitt shnll h^ive 

ixi'^ht lo their futlihnent cwrtua pUiis 

rtiicti it ia aatil to cherish MfnTctly for tliu 

i-lcp*.niU'nt custody of crirnimd luiiati-s, 

le «iil be criminal luiiati<-« lu Ltethh-heru ;, 

m ihf boihiiny o-a'upiid by IIumu U \H-r- 

ctly delA^chisl from the roitin alructure, and 

!■ not onder the control of the ho«pitil anthu- 1 

Vittcs, In Hethhdiein i»r«)per, it i* uea-ajwiy | 

that a eertaiu |KirUon of the )«Hrl} inc Hue, 

•ri-«in;^ fn»iu gifts nnule expretuly upon that 

condition, should be spent upuu the sutte- 

naitoc ftiid rciiof of incnril'lu |iiLtent«. The 

inilwr (tUfi^Hirle)! by thin fund id liinitwl, 

there are al^ravs candi'l/iteji b>r iwhus- 

(o thi* waid-s uf the inouiHbtes awaking 

Hy ¥fu-.iiiey tiiat may occur. The reat ul' 

hu-iii::il and the main part of it, the 

■ualwjof the inHiiiiition, iafor the 

• mere harbouring, of the insane. 

lit* oul) lo canea which tliere is fiiir ren-fon to 

h'^pe mxy jtrove curable, thiit adniiiiHioii will 

be givou. Nobody will be n^cived aa L'lirable 

who ban lieeii tliaeh.arj;u I uueinel huui any 

other h.rt|»iLal for lunatics, nr whow ciwe U 

of iu<*r>* V'laO twelve niuntha' Htan<liii;; ; or 

itt U idiotic, pjiralytic or nui'jccl to any 

■ vuUivo fita ; or wiio is through dii*ea-e or 

■iual intirudty untit Vt aiuooiale with 

H- pftiienta. Ou Wh;df of any i^erHon of 

I eUai w« have a)*ecifi<.<«l who his iKWonie 

Btne and wfaoie c>l^a d<>e-< not apiH>Hr Ut be 

i^^ibl- on any of the accounts juat nanirtl, 

I»e rorule to the resident 

1 hem t((Miiiial,Soutitw.ti'k, 

On. i'T ft lorm which will have to be 

bi up anil returned. The Utrm inobidea 

_,t»o oue lar^c •he'^t »U the ■ 

requuvd b/ tiw hoe|4tal, nud uVery infurma- 

ti.m likely to be required by the pulieut and 
hia fneuils, or hers. 

A t»atient having been oilmitted, U ninin- 
tained and treated for one year. If he (or 
she) be not cured at the expirntij^n of a year, 
and there remain hoj>e, that api^ointed limit 
of time U extended by three montlns and 
|>erhaps ai;ain. and once—hut only once — 
a;4ain, by three nionthit ; but the rule of the 
iuHtitutiou ia, that puliLMiU be returned to 
their friemls, if uncured at the expiration ol 
a twelvemonth. 

We did nut know until we read a little 
hook on tlie Ktatixticn of infl.antty, by Dr. 
Mood— in which ten years of the case-books 
of (jeihlehemarecolhtted, with the expenenca 
of itther hoapilaU fur the insane — how cou- 
Btjiiitly in-'anity ia to be referreil to a de- 
prtisaiiig )rt8uence. Three in tive of the men, 
and a slilt t'ri;ater p.opurtion of the women, 
who have come and gt*tic through Lcthluht-m 
during a Bpice of leu veai-s, wore madilencd 
simply bv diisiresa ami anxiety. The other 
assigned CJiUitca opctiite also by dupieaaion, — 
disuppoiiilmeiit, over- work, <Iealh of rtlutires, 
buddy ilhietts, the gloom which some account 
reli};iou8, and intemperance. In ten years, 
all Bethlehem funnHhed imly six cases of 
lunacy thnjiigh su-ldfDJoy; mnl Ko'piiroi 
remarks that the excess i 'f joy which detttrovs 
life never tjikes away the renwn ; *• amf," 
Dr. Hooil adds, "he seta himself to explain 
lawny certain cases which are 8U]iposti>l to 
' aup(ioit a contr^iry conclusiou." tvery awe 
I in his own experience tlmt to»keil like mad- 
I neas tlmm^h excea-t of joy, ho ti-aeed, upou 
invratiyatiuu, to a reaction that produce.! the 
nppoiitttt e'ouiton, 'I'he depr<'HSi>i)r inlltifiice 
of auiitnde is also a fretpieutcituse of insanity ; 
for nlii---li reason insanity pi-evaJIs in luuely 
mouutjiin ditii-ict^, o>ol is mncb more com- 
mon in Kn^laiid nniong [>eop)e who live iu 
the C'juutry tlotu among itdiabttaitt-4 of 
tiwns. A chciM'ftil temper an I a busy life, 
with i;eneri)us an<l whofe^ome diet, are (he 
\*e*t prcdt-rvaliveituf me.tal heJtlth. A'.;ainst 
tliom it 14 har>l work uvea for heredilarr 
tendency to make any lieiul. 

Another ntojtt imp Ttant fact, winch U 
expresse*) very clearly in the BHliI'-hcia 
tables, ii:-t;i!s i-very on.; who haji CDUtduplated 
ttk:n;f a<lvice for Jioy riend become insane, to 
lose no time abottt it. Kveiy mntiih of 
duration carrit-s the diioirder farther from a 
cliaitcv of cure. The dianct::! ol cire are f-uir 
to one in owex ifbiutUrd <ur trvatmeut williiu 
three montha ul the r^r>tt att ok -, hut xfter 
twelve months have elup4e<l, the eliano's nre 
reversed, and beco.ou one tu four. Of tho 
whole nnmlH*r of patienia a Indued for cnre 
into Kechlchem, cure toUows in three c<we« 
out of live. 

Iu oayiug this, however, we should j^ive a 
fal-4e imprevitoR if we did not cr.in4i'tfr an 
ettotixte r<Uiid»d hy L)i'. Tti'iriiam Ufton the 
Iritced history of tw<« h uidie-l lUid fotty-luur 
pativuU of Uia Vork iWtreat, whicn we fiud 






1S6 Uafluil^iatTJ 



quoted without <1issciit in one of the Beth- 
If^liem HospilKl reports : " In ronnd nuraben*, 
of ten perwius nltftckvii hy insanity, five 
recover, aud fire die, sooner or Inter, during 
the attack f of the five who recover, not more 
than two remain well during the rest of their 
lived ; the other three suitjiin Bubsequcut 
attackn, during which »t It-aet two of tlieni 
die. But, allhoitgh the picturtf is thus nn 
unfaTouroViIe one, it is very far from joatify- 
iiig the popular prejudice, that iiwiAnity ia 
virtu;illy an iiicuialle dineaae ; and the view 
which it preeeriLi is niucli modified by the 
V^ui* intervals wliich often occur between the 
attackn, during which intervala of incnUiI 
lienltli (in many cases of from ten to twenty 
yenrs^ dnration), an individual has Uved in 
all the enjcfymeiitfl of social life." 

It way be wurth while, aUo, now that we 
speak uf Engliflli inBanity to correct the 
cuintnon error which oaciibes a tendency lo 
produce insanity and suicide to our November 
•weather. In England aa in - Fiuoce, in 
I^thlehem as in thu S;dpetrrdre, the greatest 
number of innnne ca«.s occur in the nix 
Minimer monilm, especially in May, June, 
and July. In ],ondon. the gi'eatest' number 
of recoveries occur in November. 




I AK a very quiet man, fond of idle dream- 
ing, fond of eijecU'iitive 8ttuiie«, fond of a 
^n-til many tilings rarely make headway 
)U ihia praclie;d world, but which tiliy fnr- 
Xiah forth a life that has been almwt blank 
of incident, — a lite that parted with ln-pe 
early — that mmy, in fact, ha said to h»ve lust 
the better part of iu vitality when Nelly 

Nelly wns not my wife, but she would 
hnvtt Wen if she had lived, I can sy*ehk of 
her pjilnily now, but time was when my very 
suul sickened for Borrow at her loas ; when I 
w«ndd have niahfil willi eagerness to the 
grave ns a iloor through which 1 niu'«t pass 
to l>eh(dd her denr fare Sijaia. Sometinica a 
SE a:4m of angiiinh thrills me even yet, when 1 
recal her image, as she was when she left me 
nearly forty years ngn ; most winning fair, 
moat l>eiiatiful, that image st^m-i, glowing 
with innocent youth, pidpitating with ten- 
derness and joy. Then I aak myself, will 
she know me? will she love me i — me, worn 
old and gi-ey — in that otJier world, where wo 
two shall surely meet? NViU the bri-;!!! 
spirit girl rfcogntse the love of her eartldy 
jotiih in the nmu of full three-^coi-e years 
and ten ? Will her countenance — will mine 
— be changed and glorified I The nnj^els 
csinnot be purer N^lly was; purer or 
hivelier. 1 cannot help iliiukiug of this re- 
union. I cannot help 8|'ecidaiiiig whether 
she is wjiiting fur me t» come to her as im- 
pitiently na fam widting to de|>art. In the 
detdof tlie night 1 have awakened with a 
low trembling at my he^iii., and have been 

conscious of a strange presence in the 
room, which faded out of it as 1 listened 
breatidess for some voice to speak to tu^— 
Nelly's voice to cheer nie^when sound there 
was none. 

When Nelly die^l, I was a young man. I 
had hopes, prt>specl)s iutcreals, even ambi- 
tions in life. But, after tliat, worhlly uialten 
became irksome to me ; and worldly pros- 
perity failed me. Friends and acquaintances 
looked shyly on one who had not elasticity 
enough to rise up under the weight of a 
cruahlng sorrow ; they turned their backs on 
me; I turned my back on Lhem. Henceforth. { 
our ways lay wide apart : theirs, in amo 
the struy'gle, the toil, tlie great wearine 
life ; mine, by the quiet waters that 
flown peacefully to death. The love of seclu*^ 
sioD has grown upon me as motfj gntwa ufton 
a ruGte«I 6tf>ne ; I could nut wrench myself 
away from it, even if I would. Of worldly 
pelf 1 have little, but that little sullicea me ; 
and.althuugh my existeuce seems seltisb — ^nay, 
is so — 1 lack not interest in my kind. I 
Ciitch hold of a slight thread of reality, and 
weave it into a tissue of romance. The facta 
that I cannot know, imagination supplies me 
with ; and my own teni[)erameut, still aud 
mclanclioly, suffuses the story witli u tender 
twilirrhl hue, which is nut great anguish, but 
which lakes no tint of joy. 

My libodo is in one uf the retired streets of 
I/oninri. I know not where a man can be ao 
utterly nlone as in this great Bivbyloo. My 
favourite room has a Itay window overhang- 
'ing (he pavement, and in its cornices, its 
I door-frames, and its lofty carved mantelshelf, 
. tesLihi'S to better dajt's than it is ever likely 
to see again. The rents in this quart 
low; aud Iboagh, at certain long intc 
the street is as forsaken aud silent as Ta 
in the wilderness, still, the surjjing rush, 
the rattle, the hum ol the vast city, echoes 
through my solitude from dawn till <lju-k. I 
love that echo in my heart. It is comiuoy. 
If I had been n happy, I should have been a 
busy man — a wurker instea^l of a dreamer. 
That little IF — tliat great impassable gnlf — 
between the Actual and the Poitsible I 

I do not begiii and end my romances la ft 
day. in a week, in a month, or even in a year. 
OS ^tory-tellei-s do. The threaila run on and 
on : sometimes smcx^thly, sometimes in hopth 
less entanglemenU Tlie merest trifle may | 
suggest them; now, it is the ateatthy, startled 
looking back uf a mnn over his shouhlcr, aa 
he hurriefl tlown the street, as if Foto with 
her B!entb-honu<ls, Venge^aice, and Justii-s, 
were following close upon his trai^es ; now, 
the downcast grey hca<i of a loiterer, Uan«1s 
in Dockets, chin on breast, drivelling ainv 
lossly nowhere ; again, it is the piiilul faoe 
i>f a little child cTwl in mourning ; or, it is 
the Worn figure of a woman in ahabliy piT- 
menu, youiiu, toilsome, hopeless ; or, it ii ' 
the s.ime figure flaunting in silks and laoMS, 
but a hundredfold mvire toilsome^ uior* 

CkarW UteMMk] 


iA»f •» n urj 



liOpelcML Occuionally T take hold of a 
goidro thmul th&t runa fiMm a gix>il nn<l 
» l>»]'I>^ life, Siicli ri threnil I cniiglit t)ireo 
y«i»r« ngo, «nd llic li^-siie uito wlucli I 
vroii;^bi it is completed at \stat, Tbia 

I hAVft mentioned my Imy window over- 
hiinglng the bXrtmi ; in this niudnw U a. 
Inxurioui^ly cwahioned olH-faBhir-ntd rod 
•cllee. Uy this evttt^c, a solid liriilied tftble, 
on which my hind Indy every m')n i i ug 
Uy» my breakfast, and the Uf^vly-como in 
bew«|Ni(icr. U was wltll<> leioiirely <!i)joyiii); 
ny cofTee iilid UDCunsciuiisly watching thi* 
Inmaloaa notion of the ncaeina whic)) 
Orrrtop the low uarden wall of a hoiiHe 
A little higher up tTic street, that I firet Inid 
tny hand u|>oii the gleaming thread which 
flblnea athwart tlita grey cubweh rrrmauce 
—cobweb, I say. because so aliglit is it, so 
altogvthpr faniry-Bpun, thnt perhn{w the 
knowledge of one actual fact of the ca^e 
woald sweep it down as rulhleaxly and en- 
tirely as a bouseraaid's brush tlestiuys the 
diligrtit labtjurs of anichne. 

I'erh&ps it was the quivering gi-een of 
the light ac:icia leaves, with the suiishine 
Bitting through and lying upon the pave- 
tti«nt like net-work of gold, that begau tny 

EviTyTharaday and every Satnrdaymom- 

, for some uiuuths, I had seen a girl come 

the sti-eet comer, without much 

ing her. I could have eerufit'd that 

tall and liwrniue in figure, and that 

I wu scrnpulouHly neat in her di-esti, but. 

thing further. That morning to which 1 
ffeferiti particalar was early in June. The 
ana was shining in our quiet street ; the 
birds were singing blithely in that over^ 
j;rown London gAnJen beyond the wall ; the 
jKiurias w«!re shivering and ahuwertng llie 
broken beams upon the white stones as 
elie«nlj, as x^ily, as if the ruar of the vnat 
eity wtre a liuiidred iiiil<-q away, iDRteud of 
floatiojc down on every bi-eeze, filliiig nvery 
ear, chiming in like a softt-ned baiw to the 
wbisprr •>r the leavcA auil twitter uf tliu birdie. 
My window was open, and I w.-ts gazing 
drtaniily on tlie brancties above the wall, 
when a fi;;nre st«jpi>e<l beneath it and looked 
np ; it was the youn^ girl who passed every 
TuQTBday ami Sttarday morning. I ob4Crve>l 
her more clusely than I had yet done, and 
•aw that Rhe was good and iutelligetit iu 
boe — pretty, even, for she ha<l a clear, uteiul- 
Cast brv>w, tine eyes, and a fretih complexion. 
As f<he Bt(.H>d for a minute gazing up int<^ Lite 
trees there was a curious, wistful, fjir-awn.y 
look n\HH\ her countenance, which brightened 
IbIu a smile as she came on more quickly for 
having lost a minute watching the ncncia 
Imvea. She carrietl in her hand a ndl 
f '.']% dark-red morocco, and walke<i 

1^ -;ivB step— light yel regular— as if 

farr i-'oL mryl lime to a march ringing in her 
BKimory. '^She is a music-teaolier, going to, 

one of her pupils, "Tsnid to myself; and, when 
nho waa gone by, I fell into my mn<id, and 
sought an tnterpretatiou of lliat thonght- 
ful iiywist Ioi>k that I Lad seen upon her face 
undur the trees. 

"She was bom in the country," T mada 
out, " in same soft, balmy, sheltered spot, 
wheiijall was pretty iu the Rumiuer weaiher. 
There were acacias there, and these reminded 
her of them. Perhaps some oue she km-w 
and dearly loveil hail love*! tlioDe treert, and 
slie saw in the rippling shadows a long tiaiu 
of reminiscences that I could not sec — thlugs 
past becauBC ht-r exprt^mion was tender, ytt 
things n<A sad altogether, becauM a stiiUe 
sucrecded the little wistful lo«3k." 

After that Tlnirsday morning I walchej 
for her coming twice in the week, each Lime 
with iuctttased interest. I always give my 
dream-folk names, such as their ap|>enrr(nce 
»u<i general air suggeet. I gave her the 
name of Georgie. STie seemed to have a 
certjtiii stability and independence of cha- 
racter which spiiogont of an early — j)o«aibly 
an eiiforceil — habit of self reliance. This I 
deduced from externals, such as that though 
her dress was always neat and appropriate, 
it was never fashiunahle. She looked what 
women among themselves call nice. I should 
say her titstes were nice in the more correct 
acceptniiou of the word, and by no means 
eapricloiia. She wure usually a grey shade of 
some soft material for her drens; and, that 
summer, lihc wore a plain silky white shawl, 
which utung to her figurei a straw-Umnet 
with white ribb»ou, and a kerchief of bright 
rose or blue. Hor nhoce and her gloves 
were daintv ; and, from the habitual plea- 
sautness of her ooiiutenauoe, I knew that 
if she were, as my familiar snggexted, music 
and singing- mistress, the times went well 
with her. She liad plenty to do, and was well 

Her coming wruas good na a happy thought 
to me. ller punctuiuity was extniordinary. 
I could have set my wati-h liy her move- 
ments those two mornings in each week. I 
watched for her as regulurly as I watche<l 
for my breakfsst, and should have mlaaed 
her much mure. By whatever way ihe ro- 
tiirneil home, it was not by my street. Fur 
two full mouths blie came round the corner 
at tvu minutes before nine, and, glancing 
up at tlie garden trees, passed down the op- 
posite side of the navetueiit, ami out of 
Kii^ht. All this time 1 could not add anotlier 
chapter to my romrince, Sh*? hail ever the 
Ftauie chei-rriil brow, and quiet, placid, uudis- 
turWd mouth ; the s:uuo dauntless, straight- 
looking, well-opened eyes ; the eauie even, 
girlish step, as regular and calm an the beat 
of her own young heart. I coidd but work 
out the details of the country home where the 
roae on her cheek bkK>rae<l, and where the 
erect lithe ihape devHlu|>ed ; where the honest 
diapoitition grew Into strength aud principle, 
aua where loving training had eucoarv^i?'' 


lis (**>twt 1^ tmit<i 



und ripeued tlic kiudly t>|>irit vlii&t looked out 
nt ber t-yea. Two or tlirfe little trait* lliat 
81lu^^elt Iter goodiicu, I did oliservti. Nerer& 
bfLfgnr tisked of her in the street whom shft 
duV uot either relieve or Hpenk to with 
infinite goodness. 1 liave seva her Btop to 
coiufurl a crying child, and look Jifter a 
hiilf^tarved mcistt-'rlc&s dog jiickiug about 
the kfiitiel fur a bone, with a look on her 
face tiiat reoiinded mo of my lost one — 
M> tender, to cotupualonate, bo true, pure 

Que evening at tha eoniineneciucut of 
Aii;;u«t — it WHS about half-put six, and all 
the eiiu was out of our slreul — 1 saw Genr^jie, 
a.1 I CiJleti her in nty own luind, coiue dowti 
tlie ])ivvt;nieiit, btill citrryiii^ tlie luu&ic rull ; 
but uot nloiie. There was with h«;r a yoiiu^j 
man. He might bu a clerk, or a doctn^, or 
a lawyer, or any other profensian almost, 
from hta appearance ; I could not tell 
wliat. ile was tiill, and ct-rtainly welt-look- 
ing ; but his face wan ralher feeMu, and its 
complexion too dclicutc fur n uiao. Cicorgio 
8oeme<l his superior, in mind even more tliiiii 
111 [«r»oii. There was a sug^jt-stive slouch in 
Ills g'lit, a trail of the U>ol, that I did 
not like. lie carried his head down, and 
walkt;d slowly ; but Ihiit nd^ht )>c frutii ill 
health, or Unit he wanted to keep Geurgie's 
company louyer, or a thousand tliinys nitlier 
tlian the wetiknoM of chiiracter with which, 
fi-oni the first ghince, I felt diripoavd to charge 
hitn. He was pfrh»i>s Geor<;ie'a hiother, 1 
snid at first ; afterwards I felt sure lie was 
hfr lover, and tlmt she love«l him. 

Three weeks ]>iuisi-d. Gcorgic'a morning 
transitfl contiuuud as regularly as the clock- 
stt-oki* ; but I hnd not Hct-n ht-r any more in 
the evenings, when I beniuie awnre that I 
had the young man, her coiii|innioa, fur an 
op[io»it« neighbour. From tlie timt^ of his 
daily exits and returns, 1 made out that he 
mtmr I e cmi'toyrd ns clfrk somewhere, lie 
lued to watch at the window for Georgle ; 
Mid, UA ttutiu as he saw her torn the corner, 
he wuuld rush outv U hey always mtft with a 
smile and a hand-shuke, and walked awiiy 
together. In about a quarlttr of an hour be 
came back aluue, and lift the house again at 
ten. This continued uutil the chilly autumn 
days set in, and there was always a whirl of 
the itcacia leaves on the pavonienl under the 
wall. Georgie did nut often IrKik up in 
puBiiiug them luiw. Perlm[is she was think- 
lug of the meeting close nt hand. 

'i'ho young clerk I called Arthur. Now 
thnt I had him oa ft daily subject of study, 
I began to approvB of him mora I Jo 
not imagine Ihut he was a man of any 

frreal euerj-y of character ; and even, what 
IttJe he might have p0)^8ei««ed, originally, 
niutit have beeu Hap|>cd hy ill - ht-alth 
lung since ; but there whs a certmu inU:!' 
lectual exprf«siou on his pale, large brow 
ihat ovurualauced tlie feebleness of the 
luwerpartof hiA face. Icould faucy Georgie, 

in her womanly faith and love^ idealising 
him until Ilia f.ico wait ns that of nu angel to 
her — ndld as St. JoIiu'm, and an bcauiifuL 
Indolent and weak, mysidf, what I approve 
is strength of will, i>owfr to turn and l>end 
cli-cnmstances to our profit ; in Arthur, I 
detected only a gentle gfwdneas ; therefure he 
dnl not Biitiflfy me for Georgie who, I said to 
myself, could live a great, a noble life, and 
bear us well the strivings of ailveisity as slifl 
now bore the sunshine of young hiLppin«n. 
If I could liave choi^en Geor^ie'a lover he 
should have been a hero; but truth placed 
him before my eyes too gravely for lulscou- 

The wintiT was vonr harsh, very cold. Tcry 
hitler iu-leed ; but all the long months I 
never miwHcd the bi-weekly transits of 
that brave-eyed giil. She had a thick and 
coarse maud of shepherd's plaid, and & 
dnrk dress now ; but tliat was the only 
uhanjje. She seemeil healthy-pivuf against 
the cruel bl.-otts that apiioared almoet to 
kill poor Arthur. He was always cnvelo|ied 
in coat upon conl ; and, round ht-n throat, he 
wore a cuinfurtcr of scarlet and white 
wool, rather gaudy and rather nncommon ; 
but I ii'u\ not wonder why he was en con* 
slant to its use. when I remond)ei-ed tiiat 
it was a bit of womou's work, and that 
(>i>orgie*s fiugera bad knitted it, most pro- 

HI or well, the winter got 0T«r, and the 
ruoi'o trying eaat-winds of spring bcgau. 
Arthur did uot oft^^n issue furth to mvet 
Geor^'ie then, and 1 believe he hnd bo«u 
r>l>lig<.'d to give up his situation ; fur, 1 uao^Uto 
see him at all times of tlic day in the pais 
lour of the o]>poflite house ; Mcasiouallji 
when the sun was out, he would cnrae nod 
Haunter weaiily up ami <h>wn the ll.tgs for half 
an hour, and then drag himself feebly iu^louts 
again. He somelimes lu&d a companion iu 
these walk)^, on wlioae 8talwat:t arm he 
leaned — a i;ood friond, he seemed to he 

"Ah ! if Goargie had only loved Aim/" 1 
ihonj^ht, loijlishly. 

He wujt older than Art1iur,and totally difler^ 
ent : a tull^stron'^youngfellowwithabioiized 
face, a brittk hliiu eye, nnd a groat hrovu 
beard. The other tnokeit hoyii^h and simple 
beside him ; cfl[H:eiiilly now that be was so 
ill. The two seemed to have a great ad«c- 
tiou fur each other. Perhaps they had l*ecu 
school-fellows and playmates ; hut, at any 
rate, tlere was a stiong bond between them, 
null Gourgie must, have known it, 

I rcmemlier one warm afteruuou, at the be- 
i^inning of June. I saw Arthur and lUibert 
(Ihiit was my gift-name to the brown 
fltr:in|«ei ) coiito out and begin wtilkiug and 
talking together up anti dowu tiie pavement. 
TJiey Were going from the corner when 
Gcurgic,iiuit« at an unusual hour,came hurry- 
ing ruuud iL She had in her hand 0D« of 
thoaa unwieldy buueliea of moi^-roMss with 
stalks a foot iuug, which you oau buy iji Loo- 





don utmta for sixpence, niif] she was busy 
Iriiiiuing tberu into some shape and order as 
slie Aflvancetl. She readied the dour of 
AKhur'i ImlgiD^^a hefure they turoe^l ; Aa>\, 
JD3t as «l>v gut to the i>lepand Bceiiied nhoiit 
to ring, she deMried them in the dUlanee. 
Spy thfit I wiLs, J detected the blutih that 
fired her fflc«, and the (|nick smile of plennurc 
irith which she weut to meet tlieni ns they 
rvtnrned. Arthur look the flovrcrs listlessly. 
I cotitd ace that he was gelting^ beyond any i 
strong feelings of uleosure or pit u, ihroii;;)) 
abe«r deUdity, In i^ct, tie was nieltin^r Away ; 
in the flttiue of consumption as rapidly — to 
tue a homely sarin;; — as a candle lighted at; 
botli endd. I woiidfred, more tliaii once, 
vhetlier Georj^ie was hlindto hia state; forsihe 
•till seemed as dicerrnl as ever, mid still wore 
tbul c:diu, good expression whit-li I haro nien- 
tiouml before iischiiractcriHticof her. I bflieve 
•be WAS quite in the dark, or eUo so fnll of 
liope tliat aIiccouUI notaud would not adruil a 
kmj presonliment Arthur stood silent an<l 
tire<i, while Bobert and abe spoke to each 
other; and, after a minute or two, he grew 
impatient and would gu in-doors. I tlioti>;ht 
Gron;ie looketl chai^nned as the door shut. 
And site was left oulside. I could not qiut« 
interpret that hit. She remained lic^ttating 
lb aeooud or two, and then etaiti^l very 
quickly — ns if she had forgotten Boinethin:;, — 
back in the direction from wluub she had 

Sometimes in my romances I should like to 
ftU«r the few certainties that impose them- 
aelves as checks on my fancy. 1 would fain 
alter here, for inttnnce, and make out ilint 
Ilabert fell instantaneously iu love with 
Gcorgie, and that ixwr Artliur was only a 
oouuD (or whom sue had a quiets sisterly 
alTocliuD, and nothing more, — but I cannot. 
They were surely lovers, whose liearts were 
each bound up in the other, aud there was a 
purtlug .preparing for thcra, such as had 
wvcrm my darling and me. 

Ths Thursday after the little incident of 
ths tiK)«9>roaM I mlssod Georgie for the first 
time. Could she have passed by earlier, I 
asked myself I I wna certainly late for break- 
finU Ou the following Saturday it was 
the same. " She given up her pupil in 
this direction, or she is ill," I said ; but the 
next week I watched, witli an anxiety 
I that quickened every pulse, for her com- 
ing. X look Dp my po'tt on the settee 
early, and kept my eyo on the comer; 
■^ bot never saw her. On the succeeding 

^^H Saturday I almost gave up my hope ; for she 
^H was still absent, and I loit many an hour in 

P I xplaualiona why. Bat the following 

^^ I * '**)' '^^iii'^'i^ ™!u continued. When 

^h I 1 Wtii;l into my altting-ruom and threw up 
^^B I tbs window 1 saw the thin, pale hand of 
^^M I my oppo4ite neighbour holding Ijack the 
^H I eortaiu of the window as he Uy on his bed 
^^L I ftnd preacnlly Georgto went by on my side, 
^^B { tliat nis eyes might, lor a momeut, be oheered 

as lie saw her pass. After that, I often 
saw Lh(9 wan face of Arthur at the glass, 
and sometimes Boberi's healthy brown 
visage bt^ide it. One afleruoon, Qeorgid 
came, as it were, stealthily to the doo 
aud rang the bi-ll. S)ie had a little busket 
aud some flowers which she gave to l!u 
woman of the houst*, with whom she spok4 
fur a while, and then she went away vet} 
gTAve, downcast, sad. I was sure tbat shfl 
knew at Inst. 

Evtry day now, two incidents recnrre^ 
rogulaily. One, was the arrival of the doctor 
in hii green chariot ; the other, the arrivid ol 
Georgie with her little basket and Iter no4« 
g.ay of (lowers. She always went iu-<loov 
aud stayed— sometimes only a few juinute 
sometimes an hour or more. At this time" 
my roiuanee gut a new light, or rather a 
now sluulow. I bcifau to think Arthur 
was all Georgie had iu the world; for iiub<Hty 
ever came with her: uubody ever spoke to 
her, but the woman of the house, au ~ ' 

Oecasionally Robert would corao out wit 
iier on the door-step, and they would couver 
toi^cther for a little while. It wa*) about" 
Arthur, I knew, from tlicir serious looks aud 
glances up to the ruoui where he lay. I cnn*j 
not tell how much 1 felt for Georgie, i||l 
the loneliness bv which my imagination sui*^ 
rounded her. I began to see in Arthur many 
virtues, many merits, which must have iimde 
her love hiiu, that I never seen in him 
before, liis wou face looked patient, his great 
brow more spiritual than ever, and I waod 
sure she wou!d cling to him wiih a keene^ 
alfeclion as ahe beheld him niosing nway. 
Did I not remember how it ha<i beeu with me 
and Nelly ! ■ 

I snpjx>?e when death comes amongst nsfl 
no maltt-r how long wo have been wuriie-1 y^ 
how long we have used ourselves to thii>k 
that he might knock at our door nit/ 
day ^ his coming appears sudden, — unex- 
pected. I rose one moraiug as utmal ; an<J, 
on looking at the opposite house, saw that 
the shutters were dosed and the blln la all 
down. Arthur, then, was dead. The milk- 
man came to the door, the baker, tl>e |>04t- 
man with his letters — letters for a deddfl 
man. fl 

It was Thursday mominnp» Georgie would 

pass early. A little before nine she came, 

. ran swiftly up the houso^teps ami rau^. At the 

same moment, advanced in .-mother direction, 

! tbe man with the board on vhich the dead 

[are laid. Ho was but just gone, then ! Georgie 

stood by to let him pass in before her, au'T I 

I saw the shiver that rnn tlirongh her frarre 

us she watched him up the stain>rand lhou<;ht 

what he wan going to do. Robert came out 

to her; his manly face, grief-stricken and 

|Kdf, was writhiu;^ as be recounted to hei 

perhaps, Monie dying message from Arthui 

perhaiM some last tokca of his lovo — I kuo 

not vliAt. 

lao [A«««i^w. 


Nelly's last momenta,— Nelljf'« d«ath over 
again to me ! 

Then Georgic came oat crying— crying, O ! 
•o bilt«rly ; and in going down from the 
door die dropped the flowers tliat uhe had 
broiiffht in her hand to gladden eyes that 
the Hight of her would never more gladden 
on this eaith. Ilotert picked them np ; and, 
after watching her a few ininiitea on her way, i 
vent in again and shut tlio door. But, in the 
afternoon, she retnrned and went np-fltairs to I 
■ee what had been her lover. It is good to j 
look at the caat-ofT mould of what we love : 
it dissevers us so eohily, m effectually from ' 
their du«t It forces us to look elsewhere for 
the warm, loving soul tttnt animntml it. Tliero 
is nothing in thiil clay that c»n respond to 
ua. That which wo tdoIiKd, cxials else- 

Every day — sometimes at one hour, some- 
times at another— lleorgie came to the 
om>08it« hvuB(% was admitted hy Robert and 
visited tlie relics of her beloved. She seemed 
to be moretlian ever alone ; far, even in these 
melancholy ooniinga and goings, she was 
always nnaccompnuied. On the sixth day 
from Arthur's death, there was a funend ; 
ami (ieoi^gle and llobert were the oidy 
raouruers who attended it. Socini? the girl 
in her black clothing, white and tenrfal, 
I said, ** She did luve him, and I hope ahe 
will atay — for hi* sake— a widov all her 

The Thursday and Saturday morning tran- 
eits were now resumed. tieorgle looked 
graver, loftier, more thonghtfnl ; like a wo- 
man on whom eoiTow hns lighted, hat whom 
sorrow cannot destroy. Robert left the i 
opjiusite hiiuse and sometimes my fancy went' 
home with the poor, lonely girl, and I won- 
ilere*! whether she had any friend in the ; 
world who was near to her and dear to her 

For upwards of six months I never miued , 
her with her roll of mnsic tnice in Iho week; 
but, at the cud of that time, sho nmldenly 
ceased to apftear in our quiet street, and I 
•aw her no mure for a long time. I thought 
that this romance of mine, like many 
otliPi-s, was to m«Il away amongst the crowd 
of actuiditiea; but, yealenlay, behold ! there 
came upou me tta dramatic conrliiftion. 
Georgie and Robert, ha strong and handsome 
as ever, she fair and lovely, and wearing 
garments that had the sjiotlesH air of belong- 
ing to a new bride, came like a ntartliug sun- 
bi'eak into its gloom. They pnused opposite 
the house where Arthur die<l, in'cmed to 
recall him ench to the other, and then walked 
on silently and more slowly than before; but 
before they turned the corner I could see 
Georgie smiling up in Robert's face, and 
RobeK looking down on Georgie witii such 
a love as never ahone ia Arthur's cold, ' 
spiritual eyes. ' 

For an instant I had a little regret, — 
a little anger against her — but it p&aaed,. 

I^et Oeorgio live her life, and be happy I Did 
I not at the fintt wish that Robert — and not 
Arthur — had been her choice t 


Yrars ago, a brigade of irregular cavalry 
Iny at a station not very remote from Poona. 
It was composed of three regiment*, in which 
Mahomednns and Hindoos.werc niinglc<l,.'ind 
was renowned for the very high state of its 
discipline. In the war that had not very 
long terminateil, these troops had re)>eat4^dly 
distinguished themselves, and by acts of the 
utmost gnll.intry and heroism nnd won the 
highest eulogies from the commnnder-in-chief 
and the rest of the army. The brigoilifr in 
command was a dare-fk*vll old ofTicer named 
Datutry, a grim soldtci-, who loved a tussle, 
sword in hand, as dearly na C'ceur de Liou 
himaelf, and who, with his long white monft> 
tachioa and scarre<l face, Icoked superb when 
in the saddle. One of the best hnrecmcn and 
hog-hunters in India, he performed such won- 
ders with thi« l>i).ir-Bi>ear as are still (({Hiken oi 
in the hunting-camp, and I have my^ielf seen 
hiui overtake and tmoRBx almost the whole 
of a sounder of wild ptgit that by some strange 
chnnce had galloped right through our can- 
tonments. In the diiy of battle, the bri- 
gadier was as full of fire as his owu mettled 
charger ; his voice rang like a trumpet, awl 
hJB troopers followed him with an unhesi- 
tating ardour that nothing could daunt. 

But, peace came, and mischief came with it 
Dmnlrv's great minfortune simply was this: 
lie had been Itorn five hundred years too 
late. As a feud:d baron, unable to read atid 
unused to think, most likely spent a dull 
spell of rainy w<?ftthpr in yawning about his 
castle balls nnd kicking his iinofTending vaa- 
aals, so did Daintry fall foul of his vassals m 
soon as there were no enemies to be pom- 
mcUcd. Tlte brigadier bad receive*l an old- 
fiishioned education ; tliat is to say, he wrote 
badly, spelt worse, and, as a matter of choice, 
read not at alL ludeed, a bookish man waa 
the brigatlior's abhorrancs. So, as he waa au 
ah.stemiDn<i drinker, and could not always be 
hunting, he turned martinet and tyrant from 
slu'er idlunettn. 

He worke«i the brigade pitilessly. Morn- 
ing, noon, and eve, there were inspection^ 
foot and mounted drills, sword exereiaea, and 
so forth. Hy night, though the country wat 
profoundly quiet, patrols were kept in motion, 
and the stony roads rang to the clattering 
hoofs nf the cavalry. Kach regiment was 

1)erfect in its evolutions, but the men were 
:ept day hy day grinding at their manoQuvrea 
as if they h.-ul beuii the moat awkward squid 
of bumpkins alive. Then the uniforms were 
altered, the saddle-cloths meildted with, the 
iwldicra kept hard at work sharpening awordi 
and pointing siKam. Once a-week the salnaa 
were inspected, and any bUde not of raxor 
keenneea was snapped across the brigadiaf^ 


I tT> 

Icnee^ In sliort, ho worried them aa FkuI 
worried hia lina$ian guardtt. 

X'tv, a soldier grows iiiety in idleness, 
DO doubt ; but whrii he ii« hnnuaed by cauBe- 
leiis nnJ perpetual U)\\ he is nj t t"- become 
Bulky. When the wnr ended, every rider 
of the brigade Troiild have died in Palu- 
tT>'*a defence. A few montha of annojance 
ohAn;(ed this devotion into dislike, faat 
ripening into hntrc-d. It vtm then that I waa 

IMKlnted to be Dainlry's brigade-major, to 
yivat ditign&t, for lie waa not above the 
%i!akneHa of nt-potism. Two of his regiments 
*««« commanded by his sons-in-law, both of 
irhom were young for such a trust, and he 
had (udJL-ited my jkmI for his wife's nepliew, 
on tlie itiudidde principle of tiikiiig care of 
Do*b. However, rumours of the dtsconteut 
aroon;* the men Imd reached head-ouartors, 
and il was jirefiTi-ed to select a brigiiue-ninjor 
who ndght mediate between the brigade and 
its rash diief, and who would not be a mere 
mouthpiece to the comninndnnt. 

1 lia<I l>een chosGu, as being well acquainted 
with the UmguQge und the native hubits of 
thought; Olid, found little diflficulty in gaining 
tlio cMufidt-iii;o of many of tlie sohliers ami 
baiildara. But, with the bri^iidier 1 had 
juiuther sort of Umk. He disliked me. as 
having accepted ths post his nepliew had 
aikeil for, on which acL>ount he olTered me a 
bnndreil petty slights, and even requestod 
the meas to send me to "Coventry." Also, 
he quietly matle up hU mind to neglect 
ev*rv suggt-ation or reraonstmnce I could 
posaibly make. For me to oppose an inno* 
raliou waa euoagh to conHrni the brigaiiier 
m his decision. As the old oflicem dro|^u>ed 
off or were got rid of, their idnees were nlled 
by bftjfa, who knew no moi-e of Iliudoa- 
taui than of Swedish, and were utterly igoo- 
nuit of Hindoo or Museutman ueagea. And 
before long, Duintry announced the advent 
of a thorough and sweeping reform. The 
irregular trot.ptra were to learn infantry drill, 
end to SUAVK OFF THKlR BKAKDs. ^V hen I 
fcst hcanl this, I could not believe the com- 
mander to be sertuus. But he swore he 
would not rest until the china of hi.i grim 
PataiM and Itnj|K)ola were as detititute of 
beard or moustache as the palm of his hand. 

The yoaogsttrs who had just joined, a|»- 
plauded roiglitily, Freah from Addiacombe 
or Rugby, tliey thought ii woid'l be "^snch a 
CKpitnl joke to shave the old bearded billy- 
gouLa." In vain I remonstrated, argued, 
and begged for delay. Di(intr}''s headstrong 
nature would bear no check. He, long aa 
he been in India, had learned but one- 
luUf of the native chamcter. 2Iany fall luto 
ibe same error. They see the suhmisaive 
timidity, llie ductile obedience, of the native ; 
bTs deference to authority or assump- 
tion ; hta chiUUah reverence for rank ; and 
tbey think there aro no limits to hia eu- 
doiance. Some day they are terribly unde- 
ceived. 80 it was in thia case. The order 

I waa read out on parade ; and even tho 
I instincts of diHcipline could not restrain a 
mnrmur that graiu.iWy avrelled iuto a shout 
j of indignation. One reuiment in eviHroial, 
iSfiit in ;i mcmorinl, whicli I read with sur- 
[>riae, so just and lemnerate was its Innguage. 
j '' We are horsemen, said tlie soldiers, " and 
Jthe sons of horsemen, and have shed our 
I i'lood unileryour banners. If yon aro dis- 
pleased with us, give us our discharge. Wc 
will go, blessing you for your bi^ead and salt 
that we have eaten. But we were not hired 
I for the drill of foot soldiers, and to that 
idcgmdation we cannot snhmiL" Daintry 
swore like a Bcdhimiti.'. To crown all, ha 
jonlered the regiment to come on parade 
SHAVED. The regiment paraded, but not a 
num had complied. The brigadier selected 
'two sergeants, both Atahometaus, a Patttn 
'and a Belooch, and oi'dered his servimta to 
j bold them down on the ground while their 
beards were shaved off by a baiber. 
I To realiae the full effect of this most 
I unwise order, one should remember that a 
, Miihuuictau invests his beard with a species 
of sanctity, lends it with jvalous care, v.ihies 
it above his life, swears by it hi3 moat solemn 
oaths, and resents an alfrunt to it as the 
worst of insnlta. One should remember. 
also, that these men were all, MosWra and 
Hindoo, of good parentage, sons of land- 
holders, Potails and Zemiudars: military 
adventurers, in fact, who pooscsa horses and 
weapons of their own, and by themselves 
and tUeir officers aro styled and considered 
gentlemen, bt-ing all of a class far superior 
to that which furnishes the sepuy. The 
regiuient looked on in sullen silence, und no 
immediate outbreak l'.>'>k phtce. 

But, at dawn next morning, I waa awakened 
by finding Daintry in full dress, spurred and 
booted, at my bedoide. 

" Up with you," aaid be, more good- 
humouredir than usual ; " yoiir horse la 
being saddled. Yon must ride with me, for 
there's a mutiny, by ." 

" I told you how it would torn ont," said 
I, rubl'ing my eyes, and reluctantly rising. 
1 was nut five minutes dressing, and off we 
galloped, with n dozen troo]>cra and armed 
peons at our heels. There, on a round hill, 
a red fini; was flytng, the flag of mutiny. A 
drum waa beating and already a crowd of 
disaffected soldiers liad collected, and more 
were gathering by twos and threes. 

The ringleaders, conspicuous among the 
otlicra, were the two Mussulmans who had 
been so roughly used the ilay before. When 
we approacfaea, a hundred carbines were 
]>oiotea at us. Daintry tried to address the 
mutineers. A yell drownc^l his voice. I made 
the next essay, and succeeded better. 

" The brigadier may apjiroach," called out 
the Patau ringleader, "but no anued mt*n 
shall come near us, only the eliief and hia 

And they presented \lwivt we«.v*«» '' 



lewArs who pressed belimd ns. Baintiy, 
w^o waa :i8 brave as ft Hon,baJe liia fullowers 
fatt back, iukI advanced. I tried in vaiu to 
dtsauiidt! him, knowing how little fit he was 
to conctUato. But he peraUled, aud so iu 
aiuoiig tbem we went. 

** You h/ive won ereat honours by our 
Talonr," cried the trregaUira to Daiutry, 
"and yoH have oj'preaaed ti.i since thu foe 
was couqnercd. Now we will serve uomore. 
"Wu risk our discliaige. Give it iia." 

A parhy eii«ucd. Dainti7 would yield 
iiothiiig. The affair was hoptilejia. The bri- 
gadier rclu'eJf to give me a cbauce or per- 

" Nuw, sahibs aiid coniradea," said t, "you 
know me, and I uiiderstaud yoii, I cannot 
trwit with itrined niutinei-rK, but co and jjily 
yuur oi-ms Wfure my houso, and I pic'igo 
you uiy honuur as au EngliBh officer, yuu 
■ball have yoiir discharge." 

Aftor a long discussion, I won tliem over 
t4i this, and they were alifady muviiig from 
the hdUtop, when the brigadier returned, 
liriefly I exjibiined the bjirgain, and :wked 
him to ratil^' the coiupact, and end the affair. 
Didutry electrified me by exclaiming iu Ilin- 
dtistnucc: "No I the othti-a may have their 
disclinrgc, but I'll puuish the cursed ring- 
leaders ! " 

Iu one moment, nil roy diplomacy was 
rent to pieoes. Sabres^ carbines, pistols, 
menaced us ou all sides. 

" Arc the other regiments to be trusted 1 ** 
asked f, at hut. 

•'Yea I" cried Daintry suddenly; "ride 
and bring them up, and we'll pepper this 
flwai'thy dcuni." 

lie spoke in Englisb, eo was not under- 
stood. I sLirted ou my errand ; but, by some 
strung infatuation, Daintry remained in the 
beait of the mob. Hard by, was a road, 
winding between two lofty bauks. I was 
scarcely in it, whou I met the leading files 
of a mounted column, cotumanded by one of 
I^aintry's sons-iu-luw. The colonel had 
turned his regiment out on hearing of the 
mutJuy. I lifted my band as a signal. The 
trumpeters raised their instramenU, and 
souuiiod the call to trut. The blast was 
answered by a pistol shot, a wild cry, and a 
nunloui volley of carbines from the crowd of 
mulinecra on the hill I lind left. Wliceliiig, 
I rode back at full gallop, the regiment pelt- 
ing at my heels. The mutineers tired again, 
but banulesttly, aud then broke aud ran. 
Many were cut down, «peare<l, or trampled ; 
others were driven into the jungles, where ihcy 
pcri&hed miserably, hctweeu levers and wild 
beasts. F«w, probably, readied their homes 

We found Daintry on the ground, still 
breathing-, but iu desperate case. 

•' U J" aiid the poor fellow, as I knelt by 
bim, "I wish I had taken your advice ; for- 
give me, my boy. They've murdered lae." 

W2jfD the trumpet sounded, the ringleader 

bad clutcbed Daintry 's bridle, and, as his 
horse reared, shot biiu with a pistol. While 
on llie ground, ho had received sixteen 
ghostly sabre-cuts from blades of razor keen* 
uesa ; yet he lived thirty houre, to the won- 
der of every surgeon iu the cnnti)nment8| 
though bo never apoke after the llret five 
minutes. The regiment was disbanded, ita 
name wasblotlcdoutof the Company's i>ooks, 
aud the matter was hu&hcd up ; a proceed- 
ing, as recent events show, about as seu&ible 
as screwing duwu a safety-valve to guard 
ag^iiust explosions. 

Surely, we may make some uso of the 
follies of the past, to serve ax beacons for the 
future ; and sui-ely those have much to 
answer for, who are prevented by a foolish 
punctilio from exposing the true causes uf Iho 
rutteuuu&i of oiir tndiau civil aud military 


Tns name of Gustavns Adolphus, th« 
faithful Protestant, the great general, and 
the i;ond king of Sweden, has been long sincfl 
rendered familiar to readers of history, 
all know how this renowned warrior 
monftrch was beloved by his soldiers ^__ 
subjects, how Buecessfully he fought throus^ 
a king and fenrful war, and how nobly ne* 
died on the field of battle. With his death, 
however, the interest of the EngliHli reader 
in Swedish affairs seems to terminate. 1 hoaa 
who have followed the narrative of his life 
carefully to the end, may remember that hfi 
left behind him an only child — a daughter 
named Christina ; but of the character of 
this child, and of her extraordinary adven- 
tures after she grew to womanhood, the 
public in Eughuid is, foi* thu iiiont part 
entirely iguuraut. In the popular historical 
and romantic literature of France, Queen 
Chiititina Is a prominent and a notiuioua 
cliaracter. In the literature of this country 
she has, hitherto, been iitlovved but liUle 
chance of making her way to the notice of 
the world at large. 

And yet, thi^ life of this woman is in itself 
a I'omance. At six yearii old she was Quiica 
of Sweden, with the famous Oxenstiern tor 
guardian. This great and good man covenwd 
the kingdom in lier name until she had Hved 
through her minority. Four yeara after her 
coronation she, of her own accord* abdicated 
her rights in f.*vour of her covisin, Cliarlea 
Uustuvua. Young and beautiful, the most 
learned and niodt accomplished woman of her 
time, she resolutely turned her back on lh« 
throne of her inheritance, and, publicly be- 
traying her dislike of the empty pomp and 
irksome rcsti^alnt of royally, set forth to 
wander tbruugh civilised Europe in the 
character of Jin iudcp«;ndcnt travtdler who 
was resolved to sea all vnrieltea of men aud 
manners, to collect all the knowledge which 
the widest experience oould give her, and to 


tA«|Mllkt«7-] 133 

mcftsurci tier mind boMIj A^aiust tlie greatest 
niiuda of the age wliercver abe went. So far, 
the iiitemt excited by her character aud ber 
■dvciiturcs la of the tuost ptctumtquelv- 
tttrficlire kiud. There is something Ntrikiiigly 
iww in the «jK>el:tcle of a young queen who 
prvfera ibe pursuit of knowledge to the jioti- 
lenion of a, throue. and wbo b.irtcrs a. royal 
Urthriglit for the privilege of beinjr free. 
Ushappdy, tlie portivit of Chrirtlltitt cannot 
W imiuuru throughout in bright colours only. 
It ia not nlcoBant to record of ber that, wlicQ 
ker travels brought her to Rome, s\w nbau- 
itai^l ihc reliijioii for which her futher (ouglit 
and died. It i« ttill U-ad itgroeable to add, | 
tlint she freed herulf from other rcstraiuts I 
t-rsules the restiuint of royally, and that, if 
ibe was menlttUv dislinguisbud by her capa- 
ntii-8, ftbe Wits ui$o juoinlly disgraced by her 
Tiers and luT crimeti. . 

'ihe erenU tn the strange life of Christina — 
especially thoM vshiL'b aro cuniiccled with | 
Wr acliuna and adveuturt-s in the character I 
of A queen-errant — present the fresheat and J 
the m'ist aniple materials for a biography, i 
vhlch m'mbt bt] regarded iu Kngbmd aa Ai 
new contribution to oar liistortcnl literature. 
Withiu the nect^s«;irily limited apace at our 
OMnninud iu these colunins, it is im|>08stble 
to folloir her, with sulUciout attention to 
details, tltroiigl) the adventures which at-' 
Wtt'led bvr tra^elliug career. One, however, 
amiMii; the rarmy etiango and 8l4irtling p:is- ' 
•iges ill her life, may profitably be iutradnced 
inthifl place. Tho events of which the imrra- 
ti»# is «uni|>oscd, throw light, iu mauy ways, 
Ml tbu uiuuiiers, liabiut, and oj>iuioiia of a 
|iut ogCj and they can, moreover, bo preaented 
III this p1ac« in the very words of an eye- 
vilxien who b«held tbeui two ceutuiies ago. 

The acenc is Taris, (ho time is the close of 
th« year sixteen hnudrvd and fifty-seven, the 
persons aro the wandcritig Queen Cliristiiia, 
her grand equerry, the Marquis Mouiddeschi, 
and Father le Bet of the Convent of Fontaiuo- 
btcau, the witness whose testimony we are 
ahortly about to cite. 

Moiialdeschi, as hia name implies, was an 
Italian by birth. Ue was a handsome, ac- 
eompttvbed man, refined iu his niannuri), 
supple iu bis disjxtsition, and |)OssesBed «f tlie 
arL of makiug himself emtiicutly agreeable iu 
the society of women. With these jx-reunal 
n'Oiintiiflii'lations, he sion wou bis way ixj 
tlie favour of Qucuu Christinx Out of the 
long list of her lovers, not one of tho many 
whom the eucoumged caught so Kxig and 
firm a hold of her capricious fancy as Munal- 
d««<)iL The iiitiiitHcy between them pro- 
bably t«>ok its rise, on her side at least, iu as 
deep a sincerity of affeetiou as it waa in 
Cbriatina's nature to feel. On the side of 
the It-^li^n. the connection was i)rompteil 
•o!f.dy by ambition. As soon as he had risen 
to Uie distinction and reaped all the advau- 
tagies of the position of ohiuf favourite iu the 

qaeen*B court, he weaned of his royal mixt ress, 
and nddrca^ hia attentions secretly to a 
young Koman lady, whose youth and beauty 
powerfully attracted him, and whose fiital 
nifliieuce over bis actions ultimately led to 
his ruin and his death. 

After endeavouring to ingratiate himself 
with tho Konian l.-idy, in various waya^ 
Monaldeschi found that the suresr. means of 
winning her favour lay in satisfying Icr 
malicious curiosity on the subject of the 
private life and the secret frailties of Queen 
Christina, Ue was not a man who was 
troubled by any scrupulous feelings of honour 
when the iutvrcsts of his own inirigiies hap- 
pened to bo concerned ; and he sliamfltvftly 
took advantage of tho position tliat he held 
towarila Christinn, to conituit hii;nche!i of 
confidence of the most inexcusably uiigntleful 
and the most meanly infamous kind. Ue 
gave to iho Roman lady the series of the 
queen's letters to hiuuelf, which contained 
secrets that she had revealed to bJm in the 
fullest confideace of his worthiness to b« 
trusted ; more than this, he wrote let- 
tors of his own to the new object of his 
iiddresses, in which he ridiculed tlie qut'vn's 
fundne.fs for him, and sarcailic^iUy described 
her smallest personal defects with a heartless 
elfronlcry which the most patient and long* 
Biiifering of women would have found it 
impossii'le to forgive. While he waa thus 

Crivately betraying the confidence tlmt had 
ecn rt-pusud in him, be was publicly atfectiug 
the most unalterable atlnebmeut and the 
moat sincere respect for the queen. 

Fur some time this difgraccful deceptiaa 

Sroceeded successfully. But the hour ol the 
iscovery was appoiuted, and the instrument 
of effecting it wtts a certain cardinal who ivns 
desirous of supplanting MonaJde^dii iu the 
qneeu's favour. The priest contrived to pet 
posse»>sion of the whole cones pun donee whiuli 
had beeu privately placed iu the hands of the 
Roman hidy, including, besides Christina'a 
letters, the' letters which Monaldeschi bad 
written in ridioide of his royal mistress. 
'Vhe whole collection of documenta waa 
enclosed by the cardijial in one packet, and 
was presented by him, at a private audience, 
to the queen. 

It Is at this critical point of the story that 
the testimony of the eye-witness whom we 
pro[>ose to quote, begins. Father Lo licl was 
present at tho feai ful execution of the quctn's 
vengeance on MonaldcscLt, and waa fornisbod 
with copies of the whole oorreapoudence 
which had been abstracted from the p(>uie»* 
fiion of the Roman lady, iiaving been 
trusted with the secret, he is wisely and 
honourably silent throughout his uari-ative 
on the subject of Monaldesohi's otfence. Such 
' L, :iculara of the Italian's faasaness and in- 
- latitude as have been presented here, have 
been gathered from the somewhat contradic- 
tory reports which were current at the time, 
auu which have been preserved by the old 

134 [AwrtfiWM 




French collectoni of hSatotloal anecdote*!, her head drooinng on her bosom, and her 
Such fiiitber detnilB of the extrtwrdinnry mind, na well as I could presume to judge, 
pnnishinpnt of Monnldraclii's offence as are pertiirlied bjr nnxioun thouglita.* 

now lo follow, tuny I* pveu in the words of 
FQ*b.!r 1,0 1:J'I liinuelf. TIio r;.vler will 
umli-i^tond that his nan'alira begins imme- 
diately after Cliruitnia^a diacorerj^ of tho 
perlidy of lier favourite. 

The sixth of November, sixteen hundred 

Ou Snturdn}-, the tenth of November, at 
one (''clock in the aftemoon, I was sent f<T 
from Fontainelileau again. I took the packet 
oat of my private cabinet, feeling that I 
might bo asked for it; and tlien followed the 
messenger as before. This time he led mo 
at once to the Galerie des Cerfs, The 

and fifly-seven (writca Father Lo Tk-\), at a 'moment I entered it, be shut the door 
quarter past nine in the morning, Queen behind me with auch eitraordinary haste 
Oliriatinn of Sweden, being at that time and violence, that I felt a Utile startUd, 
lotlged in the Royal Pjdaee of Fontaineblcan, As soon as I recovered myself, I aaw her 
sent one of her men servants to my convent, Maieitly standing in the middle of the 
to obtain an iutervicw with me. The mes-| gallery, talking to one of tlie gentlemen of 
•enger, on being ndniltteti to my presence, her Court, who was gencrallv known by the 
inquired if I wnH the superior of the convent, nnnie of The M.irquia, and whom I soon 
and when I replied in the nfBrmntire, in- ascertained to be the Marquis Monnldescbi, 
formed me that I was expected to pregent Grand Etiucrry of the Queen of Sweden. I 
myself immediately before the Queen of approached her Majesty and made my bow ; 
Swe<)e>n. then stood before her, waiting until ahe 

Fi-arful of keeping her Majesty waiting, I should thhik j>roper to addrces me. 
followed the man nt once to the palace, with- 1 With a stern look on her face, and with ft 
out waiting to take any of my brclltren from loud, clear, steady voice, she asked me, 
the convent with nic. After a little delay in before the Manjuis and before three other 

the antechamber, t was shown into the 
Qnecn^ room. She was alone ; and I saw, 
by the expreasion of her face, as I respeci- 
fully begged to be favoured with her com- 
nittudi*, Eoiuething waa wrong. She 
heait-ited for a moment ; then told me, 

men who were also in the gallery, for Ibo 
jucket which she had con6drd to my oarft 
Aa she made that dum.nnd, two of the tlirco 
men moved back a few paces, while the 
third, the captain of her guanl, advanced 
rather nearer to her. I handed her liack 

nillier uharply, to fuUow her to a place the packet. She looked at it thoughlfullT 
where she might speak with the cert«inty of for a little while; then opened it, and took 
not beinc overheard. She led me into the j out the Icltera and written papers which it 
Galerie (U-8 Cerfd, and, turning round on me I contaiuetl, handed them lo the Mnrqais 
suddenly, a&ked if we had ever met before. Moualde-sclii, and insisted on his reading 
I informed her Miijesty that I had once had ; them. When he had obeyed, she asked Idro, 
the honour of presenting my respects to her ; with tho same stern look and the same 
thiit she had received me graciously, and steady voice, whether he bad any knowledge 
that there the interview had ended. She I of the docunienta which he hnd just l^ca 
no<hled her head and looked about her a reading. The Mnrqnis turned deadly pale, 
little; then said, very abruptly, that I wore | and answereil that he had now read the 
A drcsa (referring to my convent costume) papers referred to for the first time, 
which encouraged her to put perfect faith in j " Do you deny alt knowledge of them 1 ** 
my honour ; and she desired me to promise said the Queen, ** Answer me phiiuly, sir. 
befureh.indthat I would keep the secret with | Yes or no ?*' 

which she was about to entrust me aa stt ictly I The Marquis turned paler still. ** I deny 
as if I had heard it in the confessiuual. I all knowledge of them,*' he said, In faint 
answered respectfully that it was part of tones, with his erc-s on the ground. 

my sacred profi-a-siou to be trusted with 
secrets ; tlint I bad never beti-aycd tlic 
private nffaii's of any one, and that I eonld 
answer for myself as worthy to be honoured 
hj tho confideuce of a queen. 

Uj>ou this, her Majesty handed me a 

Do you deny all knowledge of these 
too? "said the Queen, sudileiily produeing 
a second packet of manuscript from under 
her dress, and thrusting it in the Marquis*! 

He started, drew back a little, and 

packet of papers sealed in three places, but answered not a word. The packet which 

Laving no superscription of any sort. She the Queen hnd given tome coutained copies 

ordered me tx> keep it under lock and ke}% only. The origiuol papei's were thoee which 

and to be prepared to give it her back agam she had just thrnut in the Marquis's face, 

before any person in whose presence she " Do yon deny ^'our own seal and your 

might see fit to ask me for it. She further own handwriting ?" she asked, 

chnrgetl me to remember the day, the hour, He munnured a few words, ackuowledgiug 

and the place in which ahe hod given mo the - — 

packet ; and with thnt K'mt ]>icce of advice ' Although Fritter Le Bel dlsonwtly ftbsrtAbu tron 

she dismiaecd me. I left her alone in the jn««[<">'»8 ^c«^« *^^ ^?'^. '"J" .V^'L^'Si 

,, II • I I t 'At. tluit bo WM parmltt«d to rcu, aad tUftt M old rasut the 

gallvry, walkmg slowly away from me, with lapm wati^iel Ui ttae paduk 

both the teM and the handwriting to be hia 
own, and aJiIed Aome phnues of excuse, in 
vhich he endeavoured to cast the blame that 
attached to the writtug of the lettem ou the 
ibonldera of other persons. While he waa 
aoeoking, tlie three men in attcmlauce ou 
the Queeu silently close-.l round him. 

Uer Majesty heard him to the end. " You 
a traitor," she said, and turned her back 

Tlie three men, as she 8]>oke those words, 
drew their sworda. 

The Marquis heard the eUftti of the blades 
against thc^ scabbards, and, lookinc quickljr 
round, taw the Jriwn swords beuiud him. 
He cuogfat the Queen by the arm immedi- 
ately, And drew htr away with him, firat 
into one corner of the gallery, theu into 
another, entreating her in the moat moving 
terras to listen tolitm, and to iNjIieve In the 
sincerity of his repentance. The Queen let 
him go on tailing without showing; iho least 
sign of anger or impatience. Her colour never 
•bilged ; the stern look never left her conn- 
teiuuico. Tliore waa something awful iu the 
^Mir, c»ld, dendly i«solutioD wliidi her eyes 
expressed while they rested on the Marquis's 

At Ust she shook herself free from his 
grasp, still withont bctjaying the slightcat 
irritation. The three men with the drawn 
swords, who lia<l followed the Marquis 
sUcnlly as he led the Queen from comer to 
corner of the gallery, now cl'^ed roitnd him 
again, as soon as he waa left 8t:mding alone, 
lliere was perfect silence for a minute or 
more, llien the Queeu addressed henel/ 
to me. 

"Fatbsr/* she said, " I charge you to bear 
«itoesa that I treat this man with the 
Mrictcat impArtialtty." She pointed, while 
rte vpoke, to the Marquis Monsldcschi with 
m little ebony riding-whip that she carried in 
hor band. ^' I olTer that worthlesti traitor all 
the lime he requires — more time than he has 
nay right to ask for — to justify hiouelf if 

The Marquis hearing these wonls, took 
some letters from a pbee of concealment in 
bis dress, and f^ve them to the Queen, along 
with a Bm.aU bunch of keys. Ue snatched 
thne last from his pocket ao qnicklv, that he 
drew out with them a few amrdi silver coins 
which fell to tbo floor. As he addressed 
r to the Qaeen again, she mvle a sign 
> ebony rtiLiiig'-wliip to the men with 
i swords ; and they retired towards 
I of the windows of the gallery. I, on my 
withdrew out of hearinc;. The eon- 
I which euHiti'd hetwecu the Queen and 
arquis tatitcd nearly an hour. When 
i over, her Majesty beckoned the men 
sin with the whip, and then ap- 

I the place where 1 wa-i standing. 

" Father,'* she said, in her clear, ringing, 
naolutc t</Dc*, "there is no neetl fnr me to 
fftmain hero any longer. I leave that man," 

she pointed to the Marquis again, "to your 
care. Do all that you cAn for the good of 
his eoul. He has failed to justify himself, 
and I doom him to die," 

If I had heard sentence pronounced against 
myself, I could hardly have been more ter- 
riued than I waa when the Queen uttered 
these last words. The Marquis heard them 
where he waa standing, and fiung himutdf at 
her feet I dropped on my knees by his 
side, and entreatt-d her to jtardun him, or at 
least to visit his offtrnce with some milder 
puntshmeut than the punialiment of death, 

"I havo said tho words,** she answered, 
addressing herself only to me; "and no 
power under neaven shall make me una.iy 
tliem. Many a man has been hrokcn alive 
on the wheel fur offences which were iuno- 
ceuce itself compnix-d with the offence which 
this perjured traitor has committed against 
me. I have trustevl him as I might have 
trusted a brother ; he has infamously he* 
trayed that trust ; and L exercise my royal 
rights over the life of a traitor. Say no more 
to me. I tell yon again, he is doomed to 

With these words the Queen quitted the 
gallery, and left me alone with MunaMesuhi 
and the three execuiiouei's who were naiuiig 
to kill him. 

The unhappy man dropped on his haecv at 
my feet, and implored me to follow tho 
Queen, ami make one more eflbrt to ohtaiu 
his pardon. £efure I could answer a word, 
the three men surrounded him, held the 

iioints of their svtronls to his sides, wilhuiit, 
lowcver, actually touching him, and angrily 
recommended him to make his c^jnfession to 
rae, withuut w.T'ttiug any uioi-o time. I 
entreated them, with t)ie tears in my eyes, to 
wait as long as they could, so as to give the 
Queen time to reilect. and, [>erhaps, tt) frtlter 
In her de.idly intoutious towards theManfuia. 
I succeeded iu producing such an impremion 
on the chief of the three niea, that ho left ua, 
to obtain an inten>-iew with the Qtieen, and 
lo ascertain if there waa any change iu her 
purpow. After a ver>' short aweuce he 
came back, shaking his uead. 

*'Tliere is no hope fur you," he said, 
addressing Monaldeschl. " Make your peace 
with Heaven. Prepare vourself to die ! " 

" Gi> to the Queen I ' cried the Maripii:*, 
kneeling before me with elaa[>ed hatuh. 
"Qo to tlie Queen yourself; make one more 
effort lo save me ! O, my ftither, my 
father, run one more risk — venture one lost 
enti-entv — before y«a leave me to die !" 

" Will you wait till I come back 1" I said 
to the three men. 

"Wo will wait," they answered, and 
lowere-l their aword-iwints to the around. 

I found the Queen alone iu her room, 
without the slightest appearance of agitalioa 
iu her face or her manner. Nothing that I 
could say hod the slijfhleat elT'ct on her, 
I adjured her by oil that religion *-"^ 





on hulda ■ 

138 14MMII.IM7.1 




most Mererl, to rememlwr that the noblest limes in Latin, fometimea in French, soni«* 
privilege of .any sovereijpi is the pi'ivil^ge of tinifit in lt.ili;iii, Rccor<lin.<; as lie could best mercy ; llint tlifl tlnil of C'hriatian explain bilniieir in the ajfitaligu nnd iniicrjr 

diitieH in the <luty of for>,Mvia^. She heard whiv;h now possowcd him. 

me iniiuovL'd. Seeing that entreaties were Just as he had conclnded, the Qnoen's 

thrtjwn awny, I ventured, at my own proper chapUin entei-ed the gnllcry. Without wait- 

hiimn], on mnitidin^ her thM ehe wtis not ing to receive Absolution, the unhiippy M»r- 

Uviu^ now in her own kingdom of Sweden, quli rushed away from me to the e)iapl»in, 
but thnt e.he wns the gno«t of Die King of and, stilt clinging despei-ately to the h<%pe of 

Frnnee, and lodf^d in oneuf hiri own paUceB; life, ho besDUtzht him to intercede with the 

and I hiditly luiked her, if she had cueuhited Queen. Tho two talked together in low 

the possible coiiSfquenctB of authorising the tones, hobUng eacli other br the hand, 

killing of one of her attendants inaide the When their conference wna over, the chaplaia 

witllii of F(»nla.ineblean, witbdut any prelimi- left the gallery again, taking witli lura tho 

nnry furiii uf ti-iul, or any otHcial notiticatinn chief of the three executioners who were 

of the olTcncc thnt he had committed, bhe appointed to carry (lut the Queen's demtly 

answered me coldly, that it was enough that fvurpoao. After a short absence, this man 

she kuew the unpardonable nature uf the | returned without the chajdain. "Get your 

oGTence of whii-U MoDalde&chi had been I absolution," he said briefly to the &larqut% 
guilty ; that abe stood in a perfectly inde* , " and nmke up your mind to die." 

pcndentpoaition lowanla the Kjugof Fniuce ; Saying these words, he seized Monaldesobi. 

Ihiit she was alisoluto mistreea of her own pre8"cd him back against the wall at tlte end 

actions, at all times and in all places ; and of the gallery, just under the picture of Saint 

that she wjia accountable to nobody under Germain ; and, before I could interfere, or 

Heaven for her conduct lowarda Imr anbjccta even turn Asi>Ie from the sight, aimed at the 

and servants, over whose lives and liberties Marquis's riL;ht aide with his aword. Monal- 

ahe poeseaicd sovereign rights, which no con- de<(chi caught the blade with hia hand, 

aideration whatever should induce her to cutting thrve of his fingers in t!ie act At 

resign. the same moment the point touched bis sida 

Ffarful as I was of irritating her, I still and glanced off. Dpon thii, the man who 

ventured on ivitemtiug my n^niouiitrnncea. had struck at bim exclaimed, '^ He luu 

She cut them short by hastily signing to nie armour under his clothes," and, at the samo 

to leave her. As sl)ediamiftse<l me, I thought I moment, stabl)ed Monaldescbi In tlie face. 
I saw a alight change pass over lier face ;1 As he received the wonud, he turned round 

and it occurred to me that she might not 
have been imii^poscd at tiiut moment to 
grant some respite, if ^ho conhl have done so 
without appearing to falter in her resolution, 
and without running the risk of letting 
Monaldesi:))! escape her. Befoi'e I passed 

towards me, and cried out loudly, "My 
father! JHy father!" 

I advanced towards him immediately ; and, 
as I did so, the imui who hati woundod him 
retired a little, and signed to his tno comju- 
niona to withdraw niso. The Alarquu, with 

the door, I attempted to take advant.age of cue knee on the gri>uud, asked pardon of 
the disposition to relent which I fancied I God, and said certain hist words in my ear. 
ha<l perceived in her ; but she angrily reite- *" ' '" ' ' ' ' ' « ■ - "■ 

rated tlie gentura of dismisaiU before I had 
•Ijoken hall'-a-dozeu words ; and, with a 

I immediately gave him nbsoliUion, telling 
him that he must ntono for bis sius by suffer- 
ing death, and that he must pardon thoea 
heavy heart, I yielded to necessity, and who were about to kill him. Having hoard 
left her. my woidi*, he threw himself forward on tfaa 

Ou returning to the gallery, 1 found the floor, ant, as he full, one of the three execu- 
three men stjimiing round the Marquis, with I tioucra who had nut assailed bini oji yet, 
their sword-points on the lloor^ exactly as I ' struck at his head, and wounded him on tho 
had left them. surface of the «kull. 

' Is he to live or to die 1 " thej asked when 
I came in. 

The Mnrqnis Nitik on bis face ; then ratted 
himself a little, and signed to the men to 

There waa no need for me to reply in kill him outright, by striking him on the 
words ; my face answered the question. The neck. The same man who had lost wounded 
Marquis groancil heavily, but said nothing, him obeyed by cutting two or three times at 
I sat myself down on a stool, and beckoned I bia neck, wttliout, however, doing him any 
to him to como to me, and begged hitii, as I great injury. For it was indeed troc titat be 
welt as my terror and wretchedueas wouU [ wore armour under hia clothes, which armour 
!et me, to think of rei>enteiice, and to prepare consisted of a ahirt of mail weighing nine or 
for another world. IIo begnn his confttssion ten pnunHs, and rising »o liigh round his 
kneeling at my feet, with Wis head on my neck, inside hi^ collar, ad to defend it aucceaa> 
knees. AAer continuing it for some time, I fully from any chance blow with aaword. 
he suddenly started to hi* feet with a scream j Seeing this, 1 camo forward to exhort 
of terror. I eontriveil to quiet him, and to Alarquis to bear his sufferings with patiei 

fix hia thonghta again on heavenly things, for the reml^on of his sins. While I 

He compLulea hia confession, speaking some* apeaking, the chief of the three execuliouen 



t4»ivi^uiM 137 



iMlvauc««l, «ntl aakc<l me if I dU uat Ibiuk it 
VBd Utue to give Muiial<]eschi the fiuislting 
etrolce. 1 |>iHlieil the muu vioIt;titly aw«y 
£ruiu uje, Mining iLiit I hati no aclvico la 
oiler ou the iii.ittt;r, aikI U-Ilinjt tiim tlmt if I 
had may orJiT* to give, tbey would be for the 
•pArio^ of tliti MHri|uiti'8 life, and uot for itic 
luLitciiing of his death. UenxiDg lue apeak 
in Wumt lerniM, the uau aaked my piirdou, 
and confessed that he hati done wi'oug iu 
addrcssiuc uiu on tbv subject at all. 

He liaAihatxlly Bulshed luakin^ his excuses 
to luc, wheD the doi>r of t\m gullery opeuud. 
Tho unhuppy Murquis hearing tho sound, 
mined hi)ua«lf from the floor, and, seeing 
that the pfrsuh ^vhoenlv^e4l was the Queen's 
chntilniu, dragged hlinseif alung the gidlery, 
holding ou by the tiipestry that hung fiom 
the walls, until he i-r4K-lird the ft-et of the 
Itoly OUUL. There, he whiBi>ered a few words 
(fts if he was confessing) to the ctiaplain, 
wbO| after first asking my permiasion, gave 
luni aLwoluiiuu, and Ibeu retui-ued to the 

As tiie chaplain closed the door, the nian 
who iiad struck the Mnrquta on ttie neck 
■tabtwil him adroitly nith a long narrow 
■word iu the throat, jatii above tho edge of 
the ttbirt of mail, Moualdeuehi s&uk on liis 
rigiit side, and spoke no more. For a quarter 
of an hour longer he still bre;tthc<l, during 
whtcli time i praytd by him, and ezhoitea 
him aa 1 best could. When the bleeding 
from this last wuuod ceased, his life censed 
with iL It was then a quarter to four 
o'clock. The death n"ony of the miserable 
nuui bad lasted, from the time of the Queen's 
br»t proDDDncing sentence on biiu, for ueorty 
ibr«e lioars. 

T said the De Profundis over his body. 
While 1 waa pniving, the tltree men sheathed 
Uieir swords, ana the chief of theui ritled the 
Uarquia's pockets. Finding nothing un him 
bat a prayer-book and a small knife, thucliiuf 
beckoned to bis companions, and they all 
tbree m&rcbed to the door iu iiileuce, went 
IKit, and left me alone with thu cor|i8e. 

A fvw minutes aflerwarils I foUowtKl them, 
to go and report what had hapfjened to the 
Queen. 1 tlmught her colour ch^tnged a little 
vhen I told her that Munaldeschi was tlead; 
bat those cold, clear e^es of her's never Boft' 
cued, aud her voice was still as steady and 
firm as when I tirst heard its tones oa cuter^ 
lag the gallery that day. She spoke very 
Uttte, only tayin^ to herself ** He in dead, and 
be deserved to die ! ^* Then, turning to me, 
■be adde<l, "Father, I leave the oai-e of burn- 
ing him to you ; aud, for my ovrn part,l will 
cfiarge myself with the expense of having 
Aasvee enough said for the repoee of his 
Soul.** I ordered the body to be placed in a 
oottin, which I instructed the bearers to 
remove to the churchyard uu a tumbril, in 
Conitrqoenco of the great wciclitof thecor]i8e, 
of the iiiiaty ram that was falling, and of the 
bad slate of the roads. Ou Monday, the 

twelfth of November, at a quarter to six in 
the evening, the Marquis was buried iu the 
parish church of Avon, near the font of holy 
water. I1ie next day the Qaeen sent aiio 
hundred livres, by two of her servaut^j for 
masses for the repose of his souL 

Thus ends the extraordinary narrative of 
Father Lo BeL It is Batiafactury to record, 
as »oine evidence of the progress of hum:mity, 
that the barbarous murder, comiuitterl under 
the sauctioD aud authority of Queen Chris- 
tina, which would have (laKied uuuoticed iu 
the feudal times, as an ordinary and legiti- 
mate exercise of a sovereign's authority over 
a vassal, excited, in the middle of tlie sevea- 
teenth century, the utmost dixgust and 
horror tliroughoiit Paris, The prime tnlui- 
ster at that period, Ciirdinal Muzarin (by no 
means an over- scrupulous man, ait all readers 
of French history kuow), wrote oflii-'ially to 
Christina, informing her that '^a crime so 
atrocious aA that winch had just been com- 
mitted uniler her sanction, iu the Palace of 
Fontaiuebl(;au, must be considered as a suffi- 
cient cause for banixhing the Qiieen of 
Sweden ri*om the court and douiiutoua (pf his 
sovereign, who, in common with every honest 
man iu the kingdom, felt horrifiml at the 
lawless outrage whioli had iust been com- 
mitted on the soil of France.' 

To thi^ letter Queen Christina sent the 
following answer, which, as a speoiinen of 
spiteful effi-outery, luts probably uever been 
imitchetl : 

MoKiiKUR MaztniN, — Those who han cotnmuni- 
»lcd to v«u tlic deiaili of Urn tlta'b oT taj rtiiuTrr, 
MoDaldcM-Jii, ka«w uotbiii{ st aU atiout 1l 1 tliink it 
highly sbtunl that 70U should bare coDi|traniiird •» 
□1111/ people fur tlio ttkc of iiiforitiiug jouikIi' uhaut 
arte ^inplc tteU Suob a prucceHiii|( dii >uur |>ail, 
liiliculuui u it u, doei uot, huwrvcr. uinch uilunJih 
lao. Whit I am soiazcil at, ia, th«t vvu tiid tin- Itloj 
four muter ihou Id Iikvc ducd to exptcu diwip^ruval 
of what I hftve doo». 

L'lidcnUod, all of ;oti — HTTUiti uid mastcn, htde 
pcojile uid great — tUnl it wm nir soi^creigit plcuuio la 
act Of I did. [ ticiilicr owe, iior tender, an sfcount of 
my actioai to soy one,— Icut of all, to a bulljr hks 

It ns; be veil for jon to know, sad to report lo 
any one trbom vou can get lo luten to jou, ihat 
Chriitina caret little for your rourt, and li-u *1(1L f«r 
you. When I wsM U> re«iig« taytcif, I h»rt no need 
of vour funuidahlo power to Itolp lue. Mjr honour 
obticcd lue lo Mt u 1 did ; ui/ «ill ia 107 bw, and 
toil ought to know how to rvapect tt. . . . Under- 
(land, if jou ple&*e, ilial wherever I chooM lo live, 
titcie I ocn (j'lefn; aod lliat lli« men about me, 
roacali as tbev maji be, or* better tbaa you aud the 
mviiuiduui whom jou keep fo year icrTioe. 

• ••■•• 

Toko tnjr advice, Mntarln, And behare yoaraelf for 
Llie future to aa to merit ray favour; you cuunot, for 
}Our o«n ukr, l>o loo aiixioiia to deiciva it. Heaves 
preserve you from Tcottiring on atiy nioto diaiiant|fiHg 
rvoiarka abitut roj- mitduet ! I ttiall Ihot of iheitt, if 
1 aoi at lUe otlksr euil of tbs wmIJ, for 1 lui«« fiwuds 

138 liawi % WM 



Knil fotloncn ia mv eervire vha ar« iti uDienipuloui 
and u vii;<Iont M inr hi yoiin, tltmigli it 1$ pratwblo 
enmigh tli*t lli«y trc nol quilo w licatily bribed. 

After replying to the prime luinister of 
France in these terms, C'hrietinft was wue 
enoiij^li lo leave the kingihim ttnniediattily. 

Fur tlireu veara more, abe pui-sued lier 
travelfi. At tlie exptrntion of that time, h«r 
cooeiD, the kiii^of Sweden, in whoae faTuur 
ah« had alxiicated, died. She returned at 
once to her own couuiry, with the object of 
|K)«aeming herself once more of the royal 
puw(>r. Ilore the puniahnit^nt of the merci- 
IcHS uriuie thftt ahs had Bnuetioiicd overtook 
her rtt lattt. Tho hrave and huiii.>.st {wople of 
Sweden refuned to be coverned by the 
woman who hml onlcrcd tho mnnier of 
Monalde«ohi, and who had forsaken the 
national religion for which her father had 
died. Thieatened wilh the loas of her 
revenues aa wi.-U »» ilie Io«a of her sove- 
reignty, if slie remained in Sweden, tlie 
proud uud merciless Cbnstina yielded for the 
fintt time in her life. She re(iigiiu<l once 
more all right and title to the royal dignity, 
and left her native country for the last 
time, Tlie final nlace of her retirement 
was Home. Slie oieil there in the year six- 
teen hundred and eighty-nine. Even in the 
epitaph which ehe ordered to be placed on 
her Ujmh, the Htrange and djirttig character 
of tho woman breaks otiL T!ie whole record 
of that wild, wondrous, wicked existence, 
wan summed up with s<ern brevity in this 
one line : 

CuBrsTiSA LITZD Sevestt-two Years. 


A SCHOOL roR coors. 

TirsTTBrnoTis, wnsteful, and unsavoury 
cooking, is our national characteristic. No 
school of cookery has ever yet ihorougldv 
anewtred in this country. The school of aJ- 
vdr^ily teaches the poor to hunger patiently 
when the cupboard is empty, but to rewaril 
tliem^ielves, by hasty c(;okii)g and large meiils, 
wliou they have the chance of tilling it. The 
food tliey throw away from ignoranceof correct 
culinary principles, whvu food is to be had, 
would, properly hnslinnde<i and prepareil, 
satisfy the cmvinga of hunger when money is 
ecarce. l*ro«i<etity is also a bad school for 
the miildlc classea, whose gastronomic ambi- 
tion is literally bouniled by roost and boiled. 
The r(»iaiiiig-JNck and the 8auce|)an, with an 
oceas onal nieai or two out of the fryiiig-|>an, 
BO thoroughly sntiufy their desires, thai they 
mal^e it a boast not to like 8ou[i, nor mmlc- 
diwhes, norsLcws, nor any of the more whole- 
some and succulent modes of euhirgiug their 
Qjirrow range uf taste. 

No doubt a juicy portion of roast beef or 
roast luutton is an ezcellctit dish. Yet, 
if tlie KngliHhman become too i>oor to 
buy these prime joints^ what Uieni Frao- 

ticallv, he goes without meat ; for his wife, 
not knowing how to cook inferior jmvu 
properly, lie must either abstain, or lay 
m a solid stock of Indigestion. Most of the 
meat in France is — except veal — lean, hard, 
and stringy, but none the leas nutrithms; 
because French cooks know bow to extract 
the best qualities uf the meat, how to make 
it nutritive, more than t<!mpting^-ereu deli- 
cious — and bow to olilise what, liere, is 
utterly thrown away. Amongfit the very 
poor in this country, there are whole classes 
who do not taste animal food from one year's 
eud to another, chiefly in consequence of 
the prevalent ignorance re8[H>cttti^ elTeclual 
modes uf economising riud cooking it. 

When provisions are dear, Uiis subject 
(a very important one; but seldom siioken 
of without a aiutle, for sonic curious and 
inexplicable reason) occupies attention. Why. 
it is then asked, are not our national school 
girls taught to cook I The answers to this 
question are as innumerable as the diffi- 
culties to be surmounted in effecting such 
nn object, Au<l which arc too appiueut to be 
more than alluded to. IIowever,a small and 
unpretending effort bos been made by a few 
ladies of rank to all'onl means of such in* 
structinu. Near to the Christ Church 
schools, in AUmny Street, Regent's Park, this 
inacription appears ajton au otherwl^te blank 
shop window : School of Cookery avd 
Rkstacr\xt. Tlie objects of the lillle eata* 
blishmentareset forth lu a prospectuA which 
wo begged from ita utelligeut suptrin- 
temUuit : 

Pint : To open a kitcEieo for tlia poor, whcrv tStrf 
mtj l)uy Oicir Toutl at UlUe mnni ihsn CMt price. Mid 
gn tbemftelve* or tend their cliildrtn (or iiuUuciion in 
iht element* Dfcoiikerj. Setondly ; A cliu* of yirll 
tlt-fliTaai nf •ervire will be cilucmtDil untlc-r sn u^< 
rieiinHl nun rvuk, aod il ike uoic time rceeive nmnl 
iroiiiiiijt fniiii Um inttmii ind Indie* eonsertcd ntth 
ilie iDiiiiutioa. Tliinlly : » i^etaJ dn* vilt be 
Unghi c4Mkery For tbs tick, lo qushfy tbcm lo !»• 
come lick nunc*. 

Young women wiihing to rvceiTe Insani, «-iU bs 
laii){bt ai K miirh lower jirice than tlicjr Bow have to 
pay Kt clulfi Kn<l eluwhcre. 

It ia prv|>o»ed lo give, u remnli, ccrtincale* of 
conipetcocjr to tliofe young vromeQ who diiliiignUh 
dicmftclve* u pupils, lud wlio Mill iliua carrj' mth 
tlient into MTvics the inreil evidcuce« of their 

PmuDi brcoming luliRrnben will have the sdnB- 
tftge »r woding thi-ir own coak* to rrcrlvo Irason*, er 
<>r nouiiriAtiiig ft girl to tlir cIoml They will bIm bs 
entitled to liSTc » cuok from the ichool wbea wsBiltig 
help SI tlicir own hotiie*. 

The pUn tt ihturoriiig well. Tlifl food U Bineh 
priied bv the poor, snd miny (kaiiliM ia the nelj[b> 
bourhood 4re giving orden for dinncn, lod ditlm of a 
belter dciciiptiMa to bo lent to tticir o«a bouto^ 

Aid, ettber in money or cuitom, ia asked. Asy 
lady orKleriiig toupt, jtlliot. &c,, will benefit lbs 
Khool, ftod, u a iharoiigbly good cook it etu|ttoje(I« 
die orden wi]i be properly stlendrd to. 

Orders frooi medicoi men f>>r >ick penoDt will be 
reeclvrd, aod tho food wet lo tbem if ie<tuiie(L 





TIic mceras of this scheme depeniJs wholly 
DIM)!! the niaanrr iti which it in carried oaL 
It remorea ihts tiiffictiliy u( linilib;; iiit;aiis atul 
QialcriaLi for truinins piij>lls in iiatioiml 

worthless wSvereigns, of no more value than 
the Btmiikles)! htilt/iim with which rnggcd 
bovB pl.ay at chuckfarlhiti^. 

riiw two laat fnvouriio future terrors (ind 

■cIiooIh, to become gootl cooks, anJ it provid«ahovrora have been tUe coiuH and the CAtlte 
a market for the prmiiiee of tlifir skill. As I murrain; the comet has Ik-cii the jiecii- 
U should be looked upon as a iiiiHaionhouse i liar jierquiBiLe of thy more i^Duijuil t>f the 
"rr oi.Kika, the doctrines tatishl in tlus cnli- ' Svigyins fmlernity, while the d<jcturs hitva 

nary noulfiny niunt l>e sound, snd the pmc- 
tic«hli* reaulld piofiliLble ; or fiuluro will be 
in«viiable. Tliv few who may be ibt cus- 
totiiem will not excuse bud cooking, or lU- 
e)i<i«en mw-malcrial, from an ciilabllahni^iit 
whicii prufeaMS to \ni a niudt?) ; and uu- 
leM, ercntitnlly, it become even more tliau 
Belf-«ii)iIM>rtiiig, bad ecunonty will be sus- 
pecl<^J, — the very worst tmit, in the chanictcr 
of nuy cook, whether she be of the class 
** ^ood plain " or the olass " profeiwed." 



At AN, whether Rsvace or civilised, whether 
clati HI broaduloth and dwuHiiig at C'ln|ilmiu, 
or linked and wandering over '.In* wilds ol 
Au^itndiji, dotes on g^issip, and demamls and 
obtains a supply of horrors. 

No traveller has ever wandered into a 
tavnge cifuutry hut there have been a huu- 
dretl ir(M>iU among the tnbes through which 
be luui p-isset), of his <leath by violence. 
Every African traveller has, according to 
Eir it Murcliiw>n's authority, thus rlied iiumy 
deaths. Mure than once, a Uiend of oui-^ a 
colonist in the biiah, hna t^crn surprised by a 
visit at a g'dlop from friends wiLht>pudes,wlio, 
on the ihforuiation of an old hIacK woman, 
have arrived to bury him, hut who have re- 
U-^iuod to dine. Every season the town is 
Agitf4ted by the reported death by drowning, 
or railroad accident, or fureigu bimditli, vi 
Bunie dittiingniahed character. On a larger 
acale ars thu nuuuurBofearthtjuakvfi, cumtsts, 
plaigura, peaiilence, and famiite, Mhich for 

have had the monopoly of the talk about 
ciMie ninrraini 

The cuniet terror has passed away, to 
be renewed at some convenient oppurtutMty, 
The c:itLle murrain mania, with which was 
allied the di^ensed meat mania, hiie just 
been put at rest, or in a fair way extin- 
<;ui8hed, by the same means that created it; 
that is to say, by the fuciUiiea of railway 
tr.ivelling ana the newa-uiffusiug power* of 
the press. 

Ever since common-sense triumphed, and 
Englishmen whd send what they nmnnfao- 
tore all over the world, w^re iH-rntitte*! to 
buy foml. alive «r dead, wherever they could 
get it chcBjwwt, we have been doing a liirge 
husiaes* in forciyii live-ntuek. They come to 
HulL They come chiedy fi-oni biHiUi and 
PorLugal, to Liverpiiul and SuuLhampUjn j 
and they come hy hundreds and even ihuu- 
saude u-week to Loudon from the Bidtiu ttud 
ntiTthern porta, from Bidgiuni, and by excep- 
tion from France. The iniptirtiition docs not 
iniTeaae at pn-sent. At tiiat it rose rapidly, 
until it reiiL-hed some sevt-nty thuuaand 
a-ye^r. It has since declined to about tifly 
thousand. Fur, alter we hod exhuudted the 
surplus atock of working oxeD that i»nr con- 
tinental neij^hliuunt hu<l on hand (iheir f>>r^ 
tunes made out of Spanish bulluckft) ; after 
wu hud raised the price uf meat all over 
Europe, from the Klbu to the Danube, fruitl 
the Scheldt to the Garonn^ and for ever 
extinguished thuJie mouuiains uf beef at two- 
[Hjnce per pound, which used to disturb the 
rest of our hnnlacred and uiigt:0K>'»|'hi>:al 
baronets and aquiies between Nurfidk aud 

ineily frightened guod ]>euple out of Llieirj Devomihire ; alter we had com]ielhd Frunce, 





•eiisea, and sent town citizens, in Ilurace 
WaJfMjle'a time, to encamp in the country. 
Now, tliey do nothing more than alarm old 
women, and generate a Bwarm of [mmplilets 
•iid news|>aper paragraphs. We have had 
within our times some real terrors. We have 
bad the cholera twice, and the influenza, 
which, on its first advent, killed more than 
ibe cholera. We have had the potato-rot 
and short harvest, more fatal in its effects 
than Any epidemic or contagious disease, 
although my worthy agricultural friend and 
fossil prutectiooi8t,lJrittle,of Etisex, still maiu- 
tains th:it the Iriali famine wits a ]HiUticai 
davioe concocted between Sir Robert Peel 
and Mr. Cobdon. More roceui ly wo hare had 
the panic created by the Califomian and 
Australian Kohl diggings, when stout gentle- 
incii, Iwrye holders of three percent*, gravely 
deplored the coming time when the (Jlmncef- 

in Mil f-de feci cu, t-f pciiuit whitt tivnch pi-o- 
toctioidst jourualista called "the fatal invai- 
sion uf foreign beasts;*' our suppUf a of con- 
tinental beef and mutton fell olf, with no 
chance of iucnrase until Russian, Bjmnish, 
and Portuguese railrooits shall upeu up fresh 
tielda and pastures now. 

Keverlbeleaa, the supply of foreign cattle 
to Islington market hmm, in c'ghtetn hun- 
dred and fitty-tive aud eigliteeu hundred and 
tifty-aix, nearly one-fourth of the whole 
weekly sale, when there aime a suctvssioh of 
duspalchcs from our foreign cunnuls, aud even 
onibaBudoni uuiouuuiug that the close of 
the RuBsiau war had left Uehtud, a truly 
Russian cattle disease — the riuderpest or 
steppe mnriain — more fatal and contitgious 
than anything hitlirrto known in liugiund. 
lliese dteipatutie^ in which three or four 
dilTerent dii*eases were mingled in oue flight- 


lor of the Excheijuer would pay them otf wiiii l ful description, followed each otL«K •*- 


140 t^ofmt *,imt.} 


i rw hi M ifcf 

quickly,aTiU were ■ccompiiiie'J l»yiiow8|inpt'r 
pniiij^'niphs, (living auch liDnil'te iiictureii of 
tbti titrw iliaoriliT, lliat the jfulWic mt-aC-cating 
conimiinily wm completely overset. In 
Bpitti of llie reinonatraiice-t uf cattle vi\e9- 
uiLMi, tlie Government frit botiiiH, not only to 
alrengtiien the veleriunrjf inspection and 
quiifniitine arran^tiicnUs, Ijitt to abnulutely 
proliibil tlie iinportiitiun of cattle from 
cerlaiii uortliern ports. In the titeu state of 
kiiowlctlj^e, notliin^ letw would liave been 
ftntisfactory or right ; thou}>li sii bsequeiit 
authuiiiativo veleriuary iDt'oriuatton haa 
Bhuwii that ortlin&ry veterinary ioitpection 
wtiiiUl have been quite aufficieiit, ami that 
toljU prnliibition waa attug«tlier superfluous. 

The pultlicaiton of the diploiuatio and con- 
snlatu infunnatiou on cuntiuental cattle 
diseiuie, brought out a douil of medical 
proj>heu and prolWsors vaticinating all 
sauttnry eviU. unless growu-up Kiigland 
wa* iitiiiiedi:ttrly placed under mo(iii,*al super- 
inl.i>nduncc, us cuuiplete ai Saucho Panxu'a 
whi'U ho was promoted to the goveruotiship 
of liaint^irla, and at;ut in state famished aud 
dlnnerless to bed. 

Aniony nocla«J!Hre8omanydevoted,eRmeflt, 
cliarit;iUe, ill-paid,uureqtiited philanthrupittta 
to he found as amoug the meJical prufea- 
ainu. lu the ascetic ages uo onler of mooks 
Towed to poverty and works of charity, ever 
worked harder for the poor, without reward 
or hope of reward, than do many of our un- 
appreciated general practitioners. Doctors 
aj'f but men, however, aud it ia very natutal 
th:it whi-o tln'V have notliing to do, aud have 
the fiiculty of ihiency, they shoidd try to make 
souit-thin^'. Hence, we have waruiiiiia so 
frightful on the air we bre.-tthe, the water we 
driuk, the food we coiisutuo, that if they 
were half true, we ought to have been all 
poisoned years ago ; every village pump 
would be more dangerous thau liquid ar^enie, 
and every niutloii-pieman's shop wonhl be the 
distributary centre of uunurubtfrml dixcises. 
Every ten house* ought to he under the 
Bpet:(Kl care of a medical inAf>aetor, and every 
man of furlune ought, like Sancho Panza, to 
have A physieiAn and an analvtical chemist 
in constant com muni cat ion with his cook. 

For instance, on the stiongth of the terrors 
ex(^lte<i by the contim-nUil niun-ain orrinder- 

tieHt, Dr. Gauigee, medical me iiiber of many 
earned societies, described iu one of his 
atlverlinements as "entliusiastically fond of 
diving Into every question of j>atholoj;y .... 
the luure obscui-e tlie more dei']>ly," addressed 
two letters to the Home Secretary, in which 
real evils are surrounded by a fVamework 
of artiticiai terrors, aud remedies are sug- 
gested intiuitely more tianeful to public 
health and comhirt than anything that could 
occur from leaving the public to take care of 

The antidote, the oil upon the waters of 
public feeling, excited by the ularnting blasts 
of the amateurs of obsciu'e palhologLcal inves' 

ligations, is to be found In a blue book con- 
i;iining a repurt by Dr. Greenhow, prepared 
under the onlera of the Board ot Hentth.aud in 
a statement nnide hy Mr. 8iinmoii>is, professor 
of veterinary art to the Koyal AgricuUaral 
Society of Kngland, of the results of a jonint-y 
he has just made through the oontinent in 
search of the steppe murrain or rinderpest, 
w hich, as before ob:icrvcJ, gave rise to the 
meat panic. 

Mr. 8irnmonda visited in tnm Belgium, 
HolUnd, the free cities of Hnmburgh, Bremen, 
and Lubeok, aud proceeded through -Mecklen* 
burgh and Hanover into Pru^la, without 
fintling a single case, or hearing of n single 
authentic case uf riuderpest. ux l'rua»ia he 
ut last made out a rumour of a case ; but It 
wua doubtful, and acconip:inie4l by the un- 
pleasant iiifurniatioii, that if he did once 
penetrate into an infected or even suspected 
district, he would only be allowed to relnm 
after a quarantine of twenty-one days, on 
condition of h>aving all his olothes aud pujier- 
money behind him. 

Nut detiiiitig to make so long a stay or pay 
sach a penalty for tlie benetit of science and 
the credit of the lloyal Agricultuial ts(»oiety, 
Professor Siuiiuonds preferred travelling on 
into Austria, where the <.!overoinent was 
able to relax the quarantine in favour •»( tlie 
curious strange ni ; and so, afler travelling 
one thousand three hundred miles from home, 
after leaving the districts of railroads and 
highroads, alter enduring the excitement of 
Iwitig whiried along mountain tracks at 
full speed, in a sprin^Iess cart, drawn by 
half-wiUl ponies and driven by half- wild 
men, after repuuing their bruised limbs in 
huts alive with entomological curiuaitiai, 
after satisfying the pangs of hunger with, 
black sour bread and potato brauiiy, fetid 
and fiery, the Professor and his party reached 
Karamcuin, a village in Austrian Poland, 
8i.)me bnndrod miles beyond Krakow, uia 
panning tlie circle of sentinels set around tbo 
i)fi]ict<:d district, found themselves in a village 
ill which the rinderpest bad recently rB^ed. 
Tlie lust victim hau died and been buried, 
sixty-eight hours. Science was not to b« 
balked. Professor Simrnonds made use of 
his authorisation, ami had the bo>iy exhumed. 
He dissected it, ami immediately found a 
contrailiction of all popular opinion oa the 

Ihe flesh was sound and by do means dia- 
coloured or olfeusive ; the marks of diaeas* 
were eonfiued to certain internid organs. He 
aflerwardi had an opi>ortnnity of exaniiniug 
two living animald, one of wluch died within 
three days ; the other w:is slaughtered when 
about to recover. In these auimala the 
symptoms and gradations from apparent 
health to death were the same and agre«d 
perfectly with the authentic accounts be 
gathered on the spot, where the diaean is 
familiar. The beast seema at first Co bar* 
caught a severe cold, aud stands still and dill 

aoBftiili «mI v^m «&■ is; tkca AurlMm 
ewf i M em, «lae£ fudklj tarw to <tr«eBl«i7, 
ud if tUa dMBMikcaM»(vUehitdoMadC 
DBtt is twcmrf cmm) douk Mbw*— dmmUj 
«kkta&wc«k. ItiafirsarbdiCTvdtJattbfl 
timdtrprai nacylie donntil twratj-one dATs ; 
tWrv M M> doaU tlial it viU, lea «Uj«. T^ 
■i g h ten MBUct with dbe •km or fanftlKii^ 
Ifca In Mill of aa ialeet«d bsHt it aaffiMBi lo 
aiBiMMeAte tW disorder ; ftsd tki* peuftfttry 
btHvw tlnft a ImiiImijii eui «aiiTej it Tiva 
«M lurd to aMiUicr «iUi«at kiaaelf sslleriag. 
Vttdcr tkb b«l»e( the Autnaa gorenuMat, 
«lMO«T«r Um rtmlerDett bnafcs out, cet»- 
UW»« & cootoB aUuuiiv. cutting ofT &II 
fiouDuaicmkioa vat only betwevn all the 
AUMiiH bvt between all the inhaUtanta. of 
1km iafaetad an^ nninffctcii districts, the 
4lBttk during within tbe cordon are bnrted 
iMsadialely, aii<I. in many instances, all the 
«tbcT cattle of tlie herd &re alanghtered hy 
V17 of precauiioD : the oaner being oompeD- 
Mied for tlie cattle so ilaaghter«3, by the 
gOTvmmait, bat not for Uioae dying of 

la the dixtriet visited by Profeavir Sim- 
voods the rinderpeat had been bruuglit by 
tm RuaaiAii oxen. |)urchaaed at a fair a 
liandred iDilra distant, which vere pLioed 
among aome of the owner 'a herd In a stable, 
aa tliey aeeuied dulled. I'here aeems to 1>e 
AO auiheutie case of tbe nndcr] e«t having 
broken out aujwhcre in Europe, except 
BuBsia, and where?er it hat made ita »p- 
Maraaca in other porta of Europe it may 
De distinctly tracea to the inifKtrtation of 
the cattle of the atep|>e8. Tbiia, it fultuwed 
the track of the Buauati amiy to Belgium in 
eighteen hundred and thirteen, and has never 
b^n known since. In Prusniau Poland it 
bnaka out from time to time, and aome 
nvara occur every three or four years in 
ihe Eaterbazy eatjitea and other parts of 
Bongary from the same cause— importation 
<rftt«ppe cattle. ButjittaaUraysextinguialied 
ly tbe rigid quarantine vhich the peasantry 
•Marly aaaiat the militarv in maintainiog. 

In cooarqucDce uf the distant origin ol thiH 
diaemae — at least twelve hundreii niilea from 
any part from which we receive cattle — and 
of the stringent completcly-oi-ganised arran^- 
nienta of ul the eoultueuUl governments for 
excluding suspected cattle from their domU 
biona, it is the opinion r>f Professor iSimnionds 
that it ia quite impustiible that the rinduriMMt 
ma ever reach Knghind. The murrain which 
carried uff so many thouMud cattle in EUigland 
iu tbe last century, was what is commonly 
called the Inng disease (Plenro -pneumonia) 
Falmooary murrain, which iseoDtagiuua in a 
certain advanced stage, but which in no way, 
aa rcK^rds the i\'-»\i, i>ar{akea of a malignant 
orpoiaonoue nature. 

l>r. Oreeuhow'rt Report to the Prcsidcot of 
the board of Xlealth, which was )>repared in 
•obaaquenca of the alarming account given 

^Ii7 OM of the Bcw dieenof Wahb— «j:rnUo- 1 
nan of mnirr tral than Trtrrfimrj nr ran »m 
ba<ch«r knowle^ee — drawn «p with adM> 
raUa akill uad c fc a n w^ w«Bld, had awi 
featlewa expetienced in tha diasaasa «f 
caUk bcM jfitaed with ao skilAal a vritvr 
and acnte iarealigator as Dr. Greenh^w, 
bare been a complete an<) penuanriit ] 
aathority 00 all the sanitary qiie»ti>^tns mo- j 
incctad with the meat an*) milk of crowd>-d| 
cttiea. Boi the doctor, we are toKI. no ths 
authority of Professor S>muKHHt^ Kal to 
^leara the eharacteristica of cattle diseua 
when he commeue«d hb task. 

Dr. Greenhow foand, oontrarj to th« 
popular ofunioo of his miedical brvthrrn, the 
cows of London cowhouses c<>neraltv hcjillhy. 
It is natiiral that they shonid beso,WcaaM it 
would ni>t pay to keep unhealthy cowsl 
Whenever a eow becomes sick, she f*fU off in 
her milk, ao the oowkeeper who has to buy 
ftiod will, if wise, sell an unpro6table anim^il ; 
but no experienced veterinary silicon wilt 
concur in the opinion expressed tn the rc|H>rt, 
that atuation and ventilation have very little 
to do with the spread of the lunc ilUrase. 
Professor Hick of Ediubnrgh told Oie Ittty-il 
Agricultural Society, the other day^ that, 
with aatisfactorr drainage and ventllntionf 
the pulmonary disease rarely appeared nnleaa 
iotnxluced by contact with aninmls in an 
advanced state of di^tcase, and might be 
driven from byres in which it .already existed. 
Cowkeepera told Dr. Grcenliow just the 
reverse ; but, then, no stock-owner ever will 
admit tliAt there is any defect in his bnildiuga. 
We coidd point out a celebrated modt-Ulairy 
where the ravages of pulmonary disease Imvo 
been terrible, and where they might have been 
anticijiated by any one whu could use his noeo 
when he entered the byre. But. the owner 
will not admit that his ceiliuffN are tmi Igw, 
Many cowkeepers, to avuid all chaiicc uf oon- 
tn'^iun, adopt the expensive plan of breeding 
aiftheir cows iuftcft'l of l-uying. 

In Ilolfltein and the torritfiry of tho fhie 
city of Hombnrg tbe precautions affninil pul- 
monary mnirain are as severe asln PruMia 
agninst rinder{Hiat. The death of one animal 
condemns the whole herd to alau^'bter and 
burial ; nevertheless, nfler being apparently 
extinguished, the dueaae again orolte out in 
the marshes of the £lb<^ two yeara ago, and 
has raged ever stuce. 

J>r. Greenhow shows that the catUe-mui^ 
rain terror, which lately prevAilod among 
medical and agricultural circles, arose fVora 
mitlitking the pulmonary murrain, which has 
prcvailecTfor some yean past, here as well ai 
on the continent, for tbe rindii>r|H<Rt. 

As to the sale of the meat of animals which 
hare died of disease, or of other oauaei than 
the knife, Lite report makes it phiia that a 
great deal la sold for soup and sausngrs In 
London, although the now nwirk<*t hae put 
an end to the 0|>en sale of diseased aidnmU. 
It is very lamentable and disgusting that any 

143 [A«uiB,m7] 



pari of our coiintrnnen ahoiiW eat (liscnacil 
niLTit. Thepracticnbl'- rciUL-dylies in n-'wineut 
mnrkeU and iu extended ec!ucatn>Ti tii Common 
Tliiuua ; but il ia fatiflractory to learn, thfkt 
Dr. Greonliow, aUliough fevoure-l with nmiiy 
general and positive statements by offlcera of 
Fealth aa to Uie ptjisoiiotia efTocta of unsonnd 
intfiit, " found on inquiry that none of the 
seutlemen were abU' to furnish any Bpecifio 
rMcta on tht* subject." From wliich wc may 
conclude thnt cooking generally ncutrfllisefl 
the iiijunoua cffecta which might be oxpcct«d 
from the meat of disenurd animala. 

Dr. Greenliow concludea his report by 
giving a K-aninfi of thi? n'»ult of liia inveati- 
gnli<iiiK, n-hicli, as repanla the mnrraii), is 
entirely confirmed by Professor Simmoudti's 
peraonai iuvtatiKntionB on the cotjlinenU As 
to meat, be siiyathatalthongh ''meat derived 
frirmi nnimaU suffc-ring from pulmonary mur- 
rain and probably other <Ii!'e.'i8ea, la commonly 
and extensively ttold both in lyoudou aitd else- 
where for human food, ihero ia no satis- 
factory proof llint the connumption has he«;n 
prudiicltte of iujurioua couacqueucea to those 
who haTe eaten it." 

Thus it would seem thai, as rejfarJa Lonilon, 
well-arranged dead-nienl niarketsare of more 
importance than au increustid army of iu- 
speclors, and that, oa reganis the country, 
genernlly good drainage anil sufllcieut ven- 
tiliition in our caltlo byres will do more to 
prevent diwaae tlian the moat atringi-nt 
quarnnline laws. This seems to be the 
common scnao of the question. 


Taa Qermana have, in their repository of 
playe^ an ingenious little piece, founded on an 
imsgiuary incident in the career of one of the 
greateal of actors— David Uarrick. 

Tho plot and stor}* are simply these : 
Shortly after Garnck's genius had astounded 
lite play-going world, and attracted {tcrsons 
of all ranks to witness hU performances, a 
country bjironet — a widower — came to Lon- 
don with Ilia daughter, an only child, and a 
rich heiress, for the puqxwe of introducing 
the young lady at court. 

During Sir John's stay in town he 
took hia dnughler to the theatre, wbero she 
taw Garriek, then a young man, play the 
part of Romeo ; before the perFonnance 
waa over, hIic fell in love with the actor. 
On iier rt-turn to the country the girl 
began to liine, and cveutiudly became ill. 
A physician was called in, but to no purpose. 
Tho young lady bvcninc worse instead of 
butter, and it was now feareil that she was 
!u a rapid <)eclino. One day, howeyer, n 
Buspicion crossed the miud of the doctor, [ 
wliK'h he communicated to Sir John. He 
jiuapected that the girl was in love. Sir 
John employed a lady friend to question 
b<-rf and endeavour to a»cerlam the 
truth. The Lady friend succeeded. The 


fair Amelia confcsaed atie was in lore with. 

The baronftl'a horror and dtagnst knew do 
bnun<ls. He was, upon all occasions, violent 
when angTT ; but upon this oecaaion h* 
atormeil and raved like a madman. Sir John 
raved when he contemphited the iilea that 
his Amelia, upon whose brow he had hoped 
to aee a coronet, alioahl have fallen in 
love with a p<X)r player, on the boanla 
of a theatre. It would have btcn iille 
lo in'bmi Sir John that Garrick's birth 
waaqutt« eqaal, if not superior, to his own ; 
and that he was a gentleman by eilumLion, 
as well as by birth, ^ir John, however, soon 
l»ecaiue sensible that his auj^er, ao far from 
eflccting a cure, only male matters worae, 
and he acconlin<;ly consulted seveml friendfl 
whom he considered best qualified to advi«« 
him an<) guide him in his ditliculty, or cala- 
mity, as he •leacnbcl it. Oneof hisahrowdest 
ftientla, ani^'^HHlfld that "he who had caused 
the malady could alone deviae a cure for it** 

*' How 1 " inquired Sir John. 

" Let Garriek see her." 

"See her? But what if he ahould take 
advantage of the knowlcik'e that she lovea 
him T What if be should euconmge her 
paaaion I la aht* not beautiful and aceom- 
pliithed T Haashe not, apart from this foll/^ 
ability nnd sense? Is she not rich, and a 
pei'son of rntik 1 Wouhl not th? teniptjttioa 
DC too great for the actor to withatana ? " 

" It is a diftioult position, truly," conceded 
the baronet's adviser, " but you must either 
do what I have recommended, or be prepared 
shortly to follow your daughter's romaine to 
the grave." 

In despair. Sir John consented. Bat then 
came the difliculty, how and where waa the 
meeting to take place t This was eventually 
mannged by the Imronet'd Hilvi<ier, who knew 
intimately a barrister, named Bingham, who 
had studied under the same professor with 
Garriek, at Cambridge," and who subse- 
qneutly livcil with him in the aame ohamhei'S 
in Lincoln's Inn, when Garriek waa studjiug 
for the bar. 

Garriek, at first, thought that hia old 
friend and fcllow-sladcnt was jesting vitli 
him, and resorted to a playful sarcasm : 

•* You Bay that it is not with me, but with 
the part of Uomeo that she ia in love 7 '* 

" Yes.'* 

" Tlicn the remedy is in your hands, rather 
than in mine." 

•' How BO ? " 

"Come upon the boarda, luid plaj the put 

When assured, however, of the truth, 
Oarrick willingly undertook to cure the fair 
Amelia of her fancy, and sot hia ingenuitj 
to work, iu order to devise the meaiui. 

Sir John, with hia lovesick daughter, chm 

* Gnmok read ft( Cuubrid^ : bvl. ousiT. U fe* 

nutriculAtud T 





Umw< % i«7.] 143 


to town, and liirctl a house ia a fashionable 
»qimro. Mr. fjarrltk callcil npon Sir John, 
ami vrna received with culdneu, hauteur, and 
prrhiips rudeness. Bat the lofty aoal an<l 
g^fnerotH heart uf tlie t'*"^^' actor, whu lind 
«(tidied liuiiiau natare and hiinian passions 

00 decpljr, would not permit him to Uike 
aiuliragt* or otTfUCe at this conduct of tlie 
girl's father. In a Christian Bpirit^ he m&do 
cverj allowance for Sir Jolm^s wrath ; but, 
at the aam« time, respectfully puiiitvil out 
that he was in no way to blame for the 
young lady'd infatnatiou. 

" You are to hlnin«, sir,** vociferated the 
liaronct. *'The entire drama is to btaint?, 
rir. It is all unreal. I am disgusted with it. 
Here are lueu without n ediilHii'^ in (he wt.rM 
rrpicseiited as persona of rank anil fm-tune. 
Oihera, of ordinary looks, if not aclually 

>1ain, are painted up to seem handsome. 

hVtttiuutyoiir lutiiita. your tiuHellud garuiLMits, 
and ynur gilded wall% you could do nothing. 
Appear in your own clothes, and aa your 
own selrrn, and few, I wariwit, would fall 
in K've with you," 

" Timt may be, Sir John," replied Garrick, 
meekly, lo this silly and Influlting speech. 
'*ltut I think the attributes of an actor are 
not anile so mean and contemptible as you 
iaiAgine. I cannot, however, at this loomeut 
ilMcaaa the iiitu'eot with you; for, within 
tiie jiast five raimites, and in tliin very square, 

1 have wiluessfd a scene wliiL:li has occa- 
tioned my feidings a very severe shock. 
Tbo bare rccoU'-'ction of it makes — as yoo 
Buy see. Sir John — the colour recede from 
ny cheek, my heart to quiver, and my pnlse 
to tremble.'* 

*' What Is it, sir. that has so affected you 1** 
aaVeil Sir John, with great curioaity, ear- 
ne&fncss. and emotion, 

" Picture io yourself, sir, 9, beautiful 
child ! " 


•• A beautif\il child, scarcely three years of 


** As lovely a child as the eye of man erer 
Iwheld ! " 


"Fancy that child having cllrahed from an 
attic window, out ujiou a parapet, attracted 
by a flower which was growing on the very 

'Good heavens !" 

"The child atooping over to pluck the 

» Horrible ! " 

"The nnrae, laokltif; out of the window, 
and observing the child in that daugorous 
boailioo — " 

** Called to the cliild, and—" 

•*No! She remained, speechless, at the 
window, with her hands npraiaed — thus." 

" Yes, yes." 

**S<.>ine people in the street observed the 
child, and ere long a crowd was assembled. 

All eyes were now on the child, whose little 
hoily wan half-over the ]>arapet, where the 
flower was growing.'* 

« Yes, yet4.'* 

"The child snapped the flower from its 
stem — ha«l it in ilM little hand — w,^! smiling 
at the pefiple in the street, when—" 

" It fell r* 

"AmoHEst the crowd it bohcid its own 
mother. The poor woman was watching with. 
the rest, but afraid to speak — ^" 

"The child observing its mother, sprang 

"Nolhin^r of the kind, Sir John," said 
Garrick, laughing, "the child throw the 
flower to its iiioihcr, crawled back to 
the window, and was lifted in by the 

" What do you mean, Mr. Garrick," fttiid 
the Bamnet, on reoovering himself, " by 
thus trifling with my feelings 1 " 

"To prove to you, Sir John," returned 
Garrick, calmly, " that without any aaatstantre 
from dress and scenery an actor may easily 
move our passions. I have no paint upon 
my face, no tuisol on my coat, and am not 
surrounded by gilded widls. It was the tone 
of my voice, the manner of my delivery, the 
oxpresAion of suspense and agony ifmt I 
threw over my features, that fluttered your 
heart and ma-lo you feel what I atfected to 
fevl, while n.'uraliug that story of my own, 
invented for the occasion. Now, Sir John, 
why should you marvel that a young lady of 
spirit and f^Mdino; shoald bo charme<l with 
the Romeo titat lenact on the stage 1 But 
I am not here to arfftie, bnt to onro your 
daughter of the malady of which I am snid 
to be the cause, when can I aee my 

" When you please, air." 

"Tlieu at five this aflemoon I will call 
agaiUf disguised as a physician — a very old 
man. You will inti-oduce me as l>«»ctor 
Robin to yorir dau^hler. I am a physician 
whom you liave called in to see lu^r. Your 
r61e is a very simple one. There must be 
bottles of wine and glatmei lefl ou the side- 

At the appointed hour Garrick was in 
attendance, and was iutro>lncvd to the young 
Udy, with whom he was K-fl .ilone. He took 
her hand with great gentleness and felt her 

" I am not ill, doctor " said she. ** It is an 
idea— a fancy of my father's." 

"You must allow me t<j be the beat Judge 
of your health," aatd (iami;k. " You aiv ill, 
very ill ! Feverisli — verv feverlah I Whoro 
is the pain 7 In the heacl I " 


"In the heart?" 

Tliegirl blushed and sighed. 

" I see ; I see. You hiive seen too muck 
Kaiety of late : balls, masquerades, plays. 
You have been to Coveut G.»nlen. Seen 
Borneo, perhapa 1 You muat have quiet 

— perfoct quiet — repoae. No more of 

" O, Doctor,** exclaimed Aniclim '* I nm 
dyiuL' to «eo Komeo once more. Tell them 
it will do mo good. Doctor ! Doctor ! Dear 
doctor ! Romeo is the only medicine for my 
complaint. Roraeo ! Dear Romeo!" 

*' Nousense 1 You must not talk in tbia 


"I shnW go mftd if I do not tee Romeo 
■gain. His voice and bis irords are still 
ringing in my eari : 

Ttj a name 
1 know not liow lo IpII litre wlio I am t 
My nome, dctr winl, ii Imuful to nirtclf, 
BrrAuM it ii an enemy u> tlice ; 
Had I U written, 1 would tcai th* word." 

"Poob! poob!" crieil Gamck. "Old ns 
I am, I could nmVe a better Uomeo than tbe 
one you are mviiig aliout ! " 

" Ah, no, doctor. Tliere cannot beanotlior 

*• Indeed ? Now, listen !^ 

Wiih lovc'a Ilir^it wirgt iHA I o'«rpercli tlicse valla; 

For tlouy iinilt^ camiot linM tore out. 

Anil what love ran dn, that dam lovr atleinpt; 

Tlicrcroro lliy kintnicn arr no l«t tn di«. 

A].-ii;k ! thrrc lica innre prill in (hin« 9fr, 

Tlian twenty of ihr-ic awotda; look ihoa 1)Ut 

And I am proof ngolnit their emultjr.' 

Hi^re Garrirk tbrow aside his wig and 
eto.ik, and continued : 

" 1 liarc niglil'i eloak to hid« me from thrir light ; 
And bill thou [ove Rtc, Wt tbem find me tiere : 
My life were bettor ended by their hal«, 
Tlian death prorogued, wanting of thy love." 

The girl rose from the conch nnd threw 
herself into the anna of Gairick, whom 
»hc now recogniseil aa tbe real Romea The 
scene tliat ennues ia admirably coneoived 
and well worked oat by the German di-ama- 
tist, and is, on the whole, the lM?8t sf^'iie in 
the piece. Whilst hokUng the benutiful girl, 
Atfnselesfl with her emotion, in his anna, ht< 
reproacbee hiniself with liavin;; gone Ion far ; 
with bavint,' strengthened the love he ha^l 
pledged Iiimsolf to eitinguisb. }Iis heart 
retimis the passion, and he asks Iiimsolf the 
qneslion whether he dare be faitldoH« to liie 
won) } Then cornea tbe atrugp:le between 
love and honour, (lansioD and fnitb ; au^l for 
a while it is hard to &iy whicli will hnve the 
mastery. The "aitwation " ia, in some reapecta, 
quite aa 6ne an that nt the end of the 
First Act of Butwer'a play, 'ITie Duly of 
I^yoni. Cunacience, however, gains the day 
over Iuclln:ition, and Garrlck restores tbf 
pU'aning biinlLMi. which bo baa aiistained in 
iiis nrnia, to the conch on which ahe ha«l beon 
sitting, lie then continues to act the part of 

Romeo ; but holds in one band n decanter, 
and in the other a tumbler, stopping ocoa- 
Htoiialty to drink. Presently he aflects in- 
toxication, talks incoherently, and suddenly 
bpgina to act the neetie between lUchard the 
Third and T^dy Aniie. 

*' Ami wIjo is Lady Anne 1 " inquires the 
girl, not a little jcaloitit, and rather diaiiiiated. 

'* She that I am going to woo to-uight,** 
rciplifts Garriek. 

" But you hare sworn to me." 

" For that matter 1 awear to everybody.** 

"nien, you are perjured.'* 

" Not at all. I am an actor, and I play all 
part^. To-night I shall Ik* a king ; to-m(^rri)W 
iii|;lii I shall lie a beggar ; tlte nit;lit after, a 
thief. Yes, I swear to everybody. Some- 
times to queens, duchesses, and countea«es, 
nn<l not utifrequeutly to clinmbermaids and 

" Then, you are not Romeo ? ** 

" Only on the stage ; and off tha staga 
there is no Romeo." 

Uere the play (of which the above is but a 
bare outline), to all intenla and purpmes 
en<!s. The yoiin*; lady ts awakene*! from her 
delusion, and returns lo the couutry, pre- 
pared, of course, to accept tbe band of a 
Btiitor whom she baa recently alighted. The 
old ImroneL in dtdigbtcd, and the rest of the 
dramatis persnrioe are jwrf-'otly aalisfied and 
happy. And so waa the audience on tbe occa- 
sion when 1 bad the pleasure of aeetng the 
piece represented in Berlin some few yeare 

Since the above waa written, the author 
bns had a conversation nith a gentlemnn of 
eighty-two years of age — a gentleman whose 
name is a sufTicietit guarantee for the truth of 
his statement. He atys ; " I knew Mrs. 
Garricfc (the actor's widow) in tlic evening of 
her life, and a very charming and clever 
woman she was — devoted to the memory of 
her huabainl, whom ahe idolised during his 
lif.time. She waa a German, who t^me to 
England under the protection and auspices 
of tbe Countess of Burlington, at whose 
mansion Oarrick, a favoured guest, first met 
her. I have frequently lieard Mrs. Garrick 
tell the story of which the German dranuitist 
li,-is availed bimi^ctf, and therefore I know it 
to be a fact, and not a fiction. It was Oar- 
rick^s noble conduct on this occasion that 
induced the Countess of Ri.irlinpton to give 
her consent, for a lon^ lime withheld, to their 
nuptials — the nuptials of Garrick and liia 
wife ; for, although tbe countess received 
Garrick as a guest, and had vast admiration 
for his talents and his genius, nevertbeleas 
she wns opposed to Ins marriage with a lady 
under her protev^tion, and one whom she 
expected would form a luatrtmoitial alliance 
of a loftier character in the worldly ucimQ of 
that phrase." 

Mii.LE« Sc Curtis, Publiahers, OflBce, No. 821 Broadway, New York. 

** Familiar in their MoutU a$ TIOUSEHOZD rrOi?i>A*'— Bunmm 



N"- S8« 3 




Thk Edinbur^li Review, m an article iti its 
but nniii\ier. oa **The LictiiM of Mo<]cm 
KorclUts," <* "ngry with Mr. Dicxexs and 
o\hvT niyilern noveJi«U, for not ounfinin^ 
tlientiiclvefl to the mere ftmiiftcnient nf iheir 
reft^lcra, nnil for tCKtifving in their wark^that 
Ibcy 8er»on«Iy feel the interest of true 
EiJg'tflhaicn in the welfare ami tionor of their 
oouulry. To them Hhould be left ttie making 
of ensy occMional bo'iks fur idJeyoimggentle- 
ni^fi Ki«l Intlies to take up and Iny down on 
■offlr*, dmwiDg-rooni t>ii>leji, and window-scatd ; 
to ili« E«linhnrgh Revic^v alioohl be resTved 
the aettienient of nil social and poIUiuil 
qitMtiniift, and the strungiitatiou uf alt com- 
plaiiitTM. Mfl Tiiackeiut may write upon 
Soobn, but there must Ix* none iu the superior 
government d<:-partiii<'nt«. There is no posi- 
tiTf objijction to Mr. Rk^DK havinjj to do, in 
A PIitMnic Way, with a Soutliah fiahwuman or 
•o ; but he munt by no means connect hini- 
i-U with Prison Discipline. That 19 tlie in- 
alienable property of tiificial [loraonagi?!) ; and, 
umil Mr. Beade'can show that be has so 
much a-year, paid qnanerly. for nnderaland- 
ing <or not nndenttanding) the KU^ject, it is 
none of hiis and it is im[>ua!iiblc that he can 
be athjwed to deal with it 

1^^•: name of Mr. DickenB is at the head of' 
tlitu pnge, fttiti the h:tud of Mr. Dlokena writes 
tfaii paper. He will slu-ltt-r himself under 
BO alT-rotanon of being any one else, in having , 
ft few wonU of earnest but tempcrntu re- 1 
monetniDce with the EJinbnrt;h Review.' 
before pointing ont its curious misprint ^ 
Temprrate.for the honor of Litfrature ; tem- 
perate, tieoause of the great aeivtcva which 
the K-linburgh Review baa rendered io its 
time to cootl literature, and goud govern* 
ment ; t**nipernle, in remenibrsnce of the 
Dg air*?rtion of JcrrfttT, tlit* fricndsliip of 
SKT Smith, and the faithful svmpaiby of 

The Licenae of Modem Novelists is a taking 
title. But it Bu^gesta another, — the License 
^''' 31'j'Jom Reviewers. Mr. PtpkennH libel 

the wonderfully exact and vigorous English 

goveroment, which ia always ready for any 

emergency, rimJ which, as evcryliody knowa, 

iMver shown itself to be at all feeble at a 

Toc xn. 

pinch within the memory of men, ia T.icenae 
,»n a novelist Will the Elinbnrgh Review 

forgive Mr. Dickens for taking the liberty to 
point out what is Liccnae la a Reviewer f 

"Kvffn ilie rataxrophe in 'Utile Dorr! I ' )■ e»i- 
ilrntli iKtrrownl from the nttat fall of hoiit«« ia 
Toitenliaiu Court Ho»d, which hniiprni to liftT* 
«I>[)carcd tii xhe iKiwi|kaiMn at s oniirruient penod," 

Thus, the Reviewer. The Kovelist beg» to 
a^k him wliether there is no License in his 
writing those wonia and ntatiug tlmta.>wun)p- 
tiun as a truth, wlieu any man accuittoiued to 
tlie critical examination of a book cannot 
fail, attentively turning over the pagca of 
Little DorriL, to observe that that cntadtiophe 
ia carefully prepared for froni the very first 
prexcntalion of the old hou<te in the story ; 
that wlien Rigaud, the inau who ia crushed 
by the full of th« house, first enters it (hun- 
dreds of pages before the end), he ia b«iwt by 
a myst^TKnis fear and sbudtloring; that tlie 
rotten and crazy state of ttie house in labori- 
ously k«pt before the reader, whenever the 
bouse ia shown ; that the way to the demo- 
liiiou of the miin and the house together, ia 
paved alt through the book with a painful 
minuten^sM and reilemleil care of pn^para- 
tion, the necessity of which (in order that 
the thread may be kept in the reader's mind 
through nearly two years), is one of th« 
advfrrte inuidentd of that serial form of 
publit'ation ) U may be nothing to the 
<iiiedt*"n that Mr. Dickens now publicly de- 
clares, on his word and honor, that that 
catastrophe was written, was engi-jivea uu 
steel, WAS printed, had pas-ie^l through the 
hands of com pttod tors, readers for the press, 
and pressmen, and was iu ty|>« ami iu proof la 
the Printing Ifousoof Me-ssrs. RnAonL'ur amo 
Evans, belore the accident iu Toltfnham 
Court Road occurre<l. But, it ts much to the 
question that an honorable reviewer mlglit 
have easily traced tliis out in the inlerual 
eviiien-e of the l^ook itself, before he 8!ate<l, 
for a fact, what is utterly and eutirrlv, in 
' evcrv Birlicuhirand respect, untrue. Mnro; if 
the E litorof the Elinburgh Iteviuw (unWnd- 
ing fiitui the severe ofliclal duties uf n blame- 
less branch of the Circundoculion Office) hatl 
luippene<l to condescend to cast his rye on th« 
pasAage, an<l had referred even its mechanti:al 
' probabilities and iruprolinbiUiiai to bis pab- 

140 tl»n*i tib l-»7.] 



lishers, those experience*! gentlenien mnat 
Imve wanieil Itim tl>al he w&s geltiog into 
danger ; must have told liim that on a com- 
pnriHon of ilatefi, nntl with k reference to the 
Dtiuil)er [)riiiteil of LiUle Dorriti with tlml 
very inci'leuC illn&tmted, ami to tbo date of 
tbe pubiicfttiori of the complete*! bunlt in a 
Toluiue, Ibey hanlly penx'ivet! how Mr. 
Dickeua em>Id hare waitrtl, with luch a 
dpRperate MicawberiBm, for a fall of bouses' 
!n Tottenlmm Court Itoai!, to K^t liini out of i 
hie difliculties, and >-et could have come 
up to lime with the neeilfnl puucttinlity. i 
Does the Biinhurgh Keview make «o[ 
charges at random 1 Does it Uv« in a lilu« 
and yellow gliiss house, and yet tbrow , 
such liig stones over the roof? Will the 
licensed Heviewer aiHilcjjize to the liepiised | 
Novelist, for Am little Circumlocution Office 1 
Will he "examine t!ie juMtice" of his own 
" general chaises," as wf li as S\r. r)ic!fen8's ? 
Will be apply liis own words to Liiuaelf, and 
come to the conchiaton that it rcnttv is, " a 
tiltlc curious to consider what quiilificntious 
a man ought to poKaoss, l^ofore be could with 
anv kind of propriety bold this language *' / 

I'he Novelist now pmceeds to the Ke- 
Tiewer's curious mijiprint. The Reviewer, iu 
Ilia laudation of tbe great ofUciul de[>art- 
nienta, and in bis iudi>;nant denial of iliere 
being any trace of a ('iri:uuilocutioii Office to 
be delected nmon^ them all. begs to know, 
" what does II r. BickLUs think of tbe whole 
orgnuidation of the Post Ofiice, and of the 
ivstem of cheap Postjige ?" Taking St. Mar- 
tui«-le-graud iu tow, the wrathfid Ciicuin- 
locution steniiic'r, pulling nt Mr. Diekena to 
cniali hiiu with all the Vi'fi;^lil of that first-rate 
vessel, demands, " to lake a &iu<;le and well- 
IcDown example, how dors he account for the 
career of Mr. Kowxakd Hai. ? A genlkman 
in a private and not very conspicuous posi- 
tion, writes ft pamphlet roco mm ending what 
amounted to a revolution in a most iuipor- 
iant department of tbe Oovernmeitt. I>id 
the Circuuilocutiou Ollice neglect him, tra- 
duce him, break bis heart, ami ruin bis for- 
tune 1 Thev atloptL-d bia scheme, and gave 
liim the lea<ling sharu In carrying it out, and 
yet tbisU tbe govetimient which Mr. Dickens 
declares to be a sworn foe to talent, and a 
■ystt^matic enemy to ingeuuitv." 

The carious misprint, here,' is the name of 
Mr. Rowland Hill, tioiiie other and per- 
fectly driTeieta uame must liave been sent to 
the priutcr. Mr. KowUnd Hill I ! Why, if 
Mr. Bowbtud Qill were not, in toughness, a 
man of a hundred thousand ; if be had not 
h;id iu the struggles of hia career a stcilfast- 
neas of purpose overriding all eeuaitiveuesa, 
and ateadily staring grim despair out of coun- 
tenance, the Circumlocution Ollice would 
Iiave nia^Ie a dead man of bim long and long 
ago. Mr. Dickens, among his other darings, 
darea to state, that the Circumlocution Otlico 
must heartily bated Mr. Itowlaiid Uill ; that 
the Circumlocution Ollice mo«t ebaiacterisli- 

cally npftosed bim an long as op|H)sitioti was 
in any way ijossihle ; that the ('ircundoculion 
Office would have been most Hevoutly glad if 
it could have harried Mr. Kowland Hill's 
ft^iul out of hia body, and eonnigued bim and 
bis troublesome penny project to the grave 

Air. Rowland Uill M Now, see tlie im- 

]>oBsibiltty of Mr. Rowland Hill being tbe 

name which the Edinburgh Review scot to 

tbe printer. It may have relied on the 

forbearance of Mr. Dickens towards living 

gentlemen, for his being mute on a mifftitr 

job that WBH jid)be*) In that very Post-Office 

when Mr. Rowhmd Hill was fufroo there, and 

it shall not rely upon his courtesy in vnin : 

though thera lie l>reeKea on the souLheru 

side of mid-Strand, London, in which the 

scent of it is yet strong on quarter-daya. 

Dut, the Kdinbingh Review never can have 

put up Mr. llowtiiud Hill for tbe juitting 

down of Mr. Dickens's idle fiction of a 

Circumlocution Oflice. Tlie " license ** would 

have been too great, tbe absunlity would 

have been too transparfnt, the Circurah^u- 

1 tion Ofiice dictation and partizanahip would 

have been much too manifest 

j "The Circunihicutiuu Office adopted hia 

Bclicnie, and gave bim tbe leading slinre in 

carrying it out." The words are clearly not 

applia-ible to Mr. Rowland IlilL Does the 

Reviewer remember tbo history of Mr. 

Rowland Hill's scheme ? UTie Novelist dues, 

land will state it here, exactly; in spito of 

I its being one of the etenm! decrcts that 

! the Reviewer, iu virtue of Ins license, shall 

! know everything, and that the Novelist iu 

virtue of /ii'« lli-vnse, shall know nothing. 

I Mr. liowlaut] Hilt published his |iainpfalet 

on the establish lu cut of one unifoim penny 

EUBlage, in the begiTming of the year eighteen 
undred and thirty -seven. Mr, Wallace, 
memlier for Gretnocfc, who had long been 
I opposed to the tlien existing Post-Office 
system, moved for a Committee on the sub- 
ject. Its appuintuieut was opposed by tbe 
Govcmmeul — or, let us say, tbe Circumlocu- 
tion Office — but was afterwards conceded. 
Before tlint Committee, the Circumlocution 
Olfice and Mr. llowlaud Hill were per- 
pt;tiially in conflict on questions of fact ; and 
I it invariably turned out that Mr. liowUnd 
Hill was always right in bis facta, ami that 
t)ie Circumlocution OtSce was always wrung* 
Even on so plain a point as tbe average 
number of leiters at that very time iMseinz 
through tbe Post Office, Mr. 'Rowland UiU 
was right, and the Circumlocution Office iraa 

Says the Eilinburgh Review, In what it 

calls a *■ general " way, "The Circnmlocutiun 

, Office adopted his scheme." Did it ? Not 

just then, certainly ; for, nothing whatever 

^ was done, arii>ing out of the enquiries of that 

Committee. But, it happened that tbe Whig 

Goverumeut afterwanla came to be beaten on 

• the Jamaica queelton, by rvosou of the Bodi- 



cats voting ngaiust them. Sir Rolwrt Pt-el 
wiift commaLndmJ to form n (.ioveninnMit, but 
tailetl, iu conflcqueuce of ihe fltllicnltifs that 
itroce (our renrlera will rcmeiuWr lliem) alvml 
the li:\t\]vs of tho Beilclmtnber. The Ladies ol 
tb« iSe^lcharnber bmnglit (li-- AVhij;a in Rgain, 
and then the Radicnls (bviiii^ .tlw^ys for tlie 
d«stru<:tion of ev«rj'ttiing) mado it one of tli« 
eoiKliLioDf) of their rendering their support lo 
tils new Whig Government tliiit the |«nny- 
pontage system «hoii1d be adopted. Thi^ waH 
two yearn nfler the nppoiulment of the Com- 
cntttee: that ia to a4y, in eighlei^n hundred 
ftud thirty-niue. The Circuiulocutiou Odtc 
had, to that time, done nothing towards the 
penny p«stnj;e, but oppose, delay, contradict, 
and s)iow itself uniforudy wrong. 

" They ado[>t«d hia acheme, and gave him 
the leading slinre in carryio;^ it out." Of 
course thry f:ave him the leading Hbnre In 
carryini; it out, then, at the time when tliey 
adopted it, and took the credit and popularity 
of it f Not BO. In ei;:;bttfen hundred and 
Uiirty-nlne, Mr. Rowland Hill wa« appointed 
—not to the Po«t Office, but to thi: Treasury. 
Was heai<[M:iinted to the Treasury tocarrA'out 
his own Achume t No. He wan appointed 
**lo a<lvije." In otliur wonls, to inniruct the 
igitoninl Ci ream locution OlUce how to do 
wiU'OUt him, if it by any mcaim cuuld. On 
die tenth of January, eighteen hundreil and 
forty, the penny-j)oatag;e syatera was a-lopted. 
ITirn, of course, the Circumlocution (JlHce 
gave Mr. Rowland Hill "the lending share 
tn earryiug it out"! Not exactly, but it 
gave him the leading share iu enrryin^ 
hintaelf oat : for, in ei{;hteea hundred and 
forty-two, it Bumm»rily dianiiaaed Mr, Row- 
lainl Hill iiUo;;ether t 

When the Circumlocution Office had oome 
to that iHun to ita pjitriuttc course, bo much 
adtuireil by the Edinburgh Review, of pro- 
tecting and patronixiug Mr. lU^uland ilill, 
whom any child who is not a Novelist can 
|ierceive to have been itit (teculiar pruthjf. ; 
tbe public mind (alwaya perverse) became 
np' ''I on the subject. Sir Thomas 

"XV I fur another Committee. Cir- 

eu>ti>-^<..>t..'u Office interposed. Nothing was 
done. The public snbncribcd and presented 
to Mr. Rowland Hill, Sixteen Ihouaand 
I'oiiaiJs. Circumlocution Office reniaincil 
tmo to itaell and its functioua. Did nothmg ; 
wouhl do nothing. It was not until eighleeu 
linmlred and forty-six, four years afterwards, 
lliat Mr. Rowland Hill whji appoinleil to a 
|>lace in the Foet Office. Was he appointed, 
even then, to tbe " leading sh.-irc in carrying 
oat** his wheme 1 He was permittva to 
into the Post Officii up the back stairs, 
Qgh having a place created for him. 
I post of dignity and honor, this Circum- 
locution Office crown, was called "Secretary 
to tbe Fost-Maater General ; *' there being 
already a SecreUry to Uie Poi*t Office, of 
whom the Circumlocution Office bad declared, 
aa lU reason for dlsmiaaing Mr. Rowland 

I Hill, that hi^ functions and Mr. Rowland 
Hill's could not lie made to harmonize. 

Tliey did not harmonize. They were in 
perpetual discord. Penny jmsilane is but one 
reform of a number of Poat Office ivfurma 
effected by Mr. Rowhuid Hill ; and these, 
for eight years longer, were tliwarted and 
oppostnl by the (Circumlocution Office, t><)ntii 
■'tnd nail. It was not until ci<,'htccn hundred 
and fifty-four, fonrti^en yeai« after the ap- 
|H>inttnent nf Mr. \V;dlace's C'oiuutittee, that 
Mr. Rowland liUI (having, aa was opetdy 
stated at the time, thieatened to resign and 
to give hia reasons for doing so), wfih at Innt 
made sole Secretary nt the Post Office, and 
the inhamionious secretary (of whom no 
more shall be said) was otherwise disposed 
of. It is only since that dxte of eight'een 
hundred and tifly-fonr, that such reforms aa 
the amalgamation of the general and district 
posts, the division of Loudon into (en towns, 
the earlier delivery of letters all over the 
country, the 1>ook and |MirceIa post, the 
increase of letter- receiving houses every- 
where, and the niaii.t>^enient of the Post 
Office with a greatly increase. I efficiency, have 
been brought about by Mr. Rowland Hill 
for the public benefit and the public con- 

if the Edinburgh Tleview could serioawly 
want to know *'how Mr. Dickens accotmts for 
the career of Mr. Rowland LI ill," Mr. Dit-k'^iis 
would account for it by lii-t being a Birraipg- 
ham man of such imperturbable steadiness 
and strength of jHirposH, that the Circumlo- 
cution Ollice, by itH ulmoitt endeavours, very 
fieely tried, could nut weaken his dftermiaa- 
tiou, sharpen hitt msor, or break his heart. 
Uy hi4 bluing a man in whose behnlf the 
public gallantry wn« roused, and the public 
spirit Hwakenet). By bis having a project, 
in ita natui'e so plainly and directly tending 
to the immediate beue6t of every man, 
woman, and child in the State, that the Cir- 
cumlocntiou Offi^re could not blind them, 
thou;4h it couUI for a time cripple it. By his 
having thus, from the 6rst to the last, matle 
his way iu Kplle uf the Circumlocution Office, 
and dead ayainat it .as his natural enemy. 

But, the name ia evidently a curioua mis- 
print and an unfortnnnte mistake. Tbe 
Novelist will aivait the Reviewer's correction 
uf the press, and substitution of tbe hght 

Will the Edinburgh Review also take its 
next opportunity of manfully expressing its 
regret tlust iu too distempered a zeal fur the 
Circumlocution Office, it has been betrayed, 
as to that Tolteidiam Court Ruad aafiertian, 
IntoahaHtysubstitution of untruth for truth ; 
the discredit of which, it might have saved 
itself, if it had been sufficifntly cool and con- 
siderate to be limply just f It will, too pos- 
sibly, have much to do by that time in cham- 
pioning its Circumlocution Office iu now 
triumphs on the voyajjc out to India (God 
knows that the Novelist has his private aa 







Paiw lb* CSra*. 

Hi* MS, «io aaj be 

ftMilHii tnm, wtitk coded is iW canr 
yiflit 4»VB vf on* mmni^ rvkr at »id- 
■tgM aad iW «Mr •eoiaff upof aaotkir faj 
»io» «^<io8k Uw M-Kt nanraig. 

Bcaidcs lbs wm wlion b« left to aoeeeed 
ktin, F«t«r tb« Ureal bad a daogfater, vlwac 
titl* WM prioecHf and whose uune waa 
KUsabMh, FvUrr'a irif«, the Cuuoiu Ebq. 
pnaa Caiheritue, XmIu-^ a Ue-netiui^ woman, 
maila a will which euntafacd the exprirwtioD 
of li«r wuliea in rei;ar<l (o iba saooauiirm to 
ttroo*. and whkh |iUiiiljr aod proi>erIv 
laUd tha i^rinocM Kllxabcfch (there 
j tto Ballo kw III Buimia) as the reigniag 
BOVi-rvinu U> tw ohfNwu iif(cr the doath uf hvr 
bruthei', l'«Ur thu tiuiJilL Nutljing, ap- 
narvDilVi <y>itl<l be mora plain and HtrnigKt- 
forward thnn the counw to be foUowviT, at 
timt liiiiu, III ni[i|ioiiit.itif( tt new ruler uver tbe 

JCllKllittll |K'IIJ(lt4. 

Hill tlidre Imppcned to l>e livtiiK at Court 
two nutili'int'ii — I'rinco il'Olgoruwki luid 
Count Uit«riiiaii— who liaU an iutervet of 

■a ae wma nvBt mai^Be as wht 

INiettjai DiBbbrdi waa Basted ob 
the Uaava, Aceordtiigly Uie^ loat nu Use 
ia BOBiaating a rival candidate of Q««ir 
own choTMtnfr, whom thej (lextcrounh' Tniadd 
to tbe Imperial dignity, before Uiarr wwi 
time for the partinuif of the PriooeaB Eluto- 
bcth U> qtienliuu ihe authority aoder T(-ciaah._ 
they act«(l, much leas to oppose the execmtiq 
of it with the sligliteRt chance of mice 
The new soTereigu, thos nnjoatlr invee 
with power, was a wotunu — Anne, l>owe 
Dac&CM of Courliutd — and the prat 
ladar which Prince d'Otcorowki and O 
OMcnaan proclaimeil her as Eimpr«»* 
Bania, waa that Pt^ter tbe timali iau. 
fciiatiiUy oommunicated to them, oci 
dtalh-bed, a desire that the Ih 
DwcImm alkoah] be chosen aa Uu- 
te aweead Um, 

The oradpal rwalt of tbe 3kMMi» 
Da^civa occnpalinn of the throua wt^ ok 
aMiUaaal eoaplkation of the poliiisal aSdM 
ti 9mmm. 1k» new <mp r (aa liad m ny* to 
«WadiMf— iiatof herbiBity; and, antoqg 
nbiiTes for wboai aba jwavw.^r. 
aa»ed CatheriK. Ilk tht 
at the caaprci^ tha -vnni)^ u>^ 
to the PriBBB af ItonaMCi^ 
trUWr !■ htw d the King of Pia— m. Ibi 
fiiaKchiU hocB of the nurta^ «sa a lay 
MBei Itml Befon be bad nmdkui tt» 

^ «f two ycav% his BOtber^ atad^ Ae 

died: and, whaa bar aiS «■§ 

it waa ihaf wf ti ad, to tba 

ahOd to ■Willi bar «■ ifia 

The pnrato BotxTB whidi led the < 
to take this extnordioary oootia, waa 
deaire to place the eorcreiga fawar to 
banda of one <rf the fiiTouiite^ the Bake ^ 
BiraB. by Doaunating that awilcoae ae Aa 
Kvardian of the in&wt Itia. To aoooaefiA 
this porpoee, sbe had not oofy ali^tad the 
legitimate claims of Peter the Greats 
daughter, tbe Princess Klizabeth, bat had 
also enliiely overlooked the intereata of 
lTao*i mother, who naturally felt that aha 
had a right to ascend the tbronev aj the 
nearest reUiion of the deeeaaed eupnaaaad 
tbe mother of the child, who waa denf;nat«d 
aa the fiilure emperor. To the bewilder- 
ment and ilisHutiafaction thus produced, a 
further element of confusion was added by 
the total inraniLcity of tbe Duke de Biren 
to occupy creditably the post of authority 
whirh had lieeu AJtMi^med to him. Before he 
had hueu lung in olEoe, he gave way aJU>- 

«Mln Wifct—3 


ttm^ it, i«ro 149 

gather under the ilonhle reaponttniility of 
f{uidii)G; tiie jifTairs of Ilnssia aud directing 
llie erlucKfinauf llie future tni[wr«>r. Ivxn'a 
BioihtT ftiw the chnoc« of averting her 
rik'hta which the weakness of the liuke 
A^'nl«<l to her. Slie wna a resolute wumnii ; 
Mxl Hhe Mised lier opportunity b^' biini)»liin;{ 
Bitvn to SiberiA, uuj taking Iua jitnoe ns 
Beirut vf the Kmpu'e and guardiau of lier 

SkflUlt ftOIl. 

Sach «'Aa the reaiitt, thtu far, of the great 
■ermiitblp for the crown wliicU begnn with 
tli« drn*h of the son of Peter the Great. 
6nch waa the poKiti"ii of aflinra in l^iittaia at 
llw lliue when the revolution broke nnt. 

lliron^'h all the ctiuti-nl.inus whieli d!«* 
tmctc-i) the country, the Princess Eli«riKelJi 
Tfd in the rctireiuent of h-^r nwn ptibu'e, 

iltii^ wcrtitly, iiatieully, and vigihinlly for 
_ e fii opportUTJty of os^ertin;; her ri^hta 
She wnH, in e\'ery &en»e of the woni, a re- 
MarkaMe woni.Mi, and ehe nnmliei'ed two 
renmrknhle men nmon*; tlie ailhervnts of hur 
Cftuse. One wa« the French Rmba'*-a'b)r at 
tiie Court of It>i»Mia, tite Miuqutii de ht 
Cb^t^rdi^. Tlie othor wua the »tirgeon of 
Elijjtbtfth'fl household, a Geriimn, n»>i)e>I 
Lesloo, The Ficnchmnn luul niuney to 
■pen*) ; the German hajl braiMN to plot. B >th 
wttie ni^n of trie<l courage and reaohite will ; 
Bbd buth were dretitied to tjike tim furein< j 
places iu the coming etru^i^le. ItiB eeriidiily ! 
not the least eaiiouB cireuro'itAnce iu the^ 
CXtTTt'ii^iiiinry revolution whiuli wo imv now i 
about to Hcftcribt', that it woa ptitiiiied and, 
Mnirtl out liV two forei^ueix In the 
struf^gle fur the nufuinn ihroiif, the nativeii 
-' ■■ UuRtian soil %vfre used only an iiislru- 
- to )« hiini1lL-<i and directed at tUit i 
. Lire of the French amhweailor and the ! wirg-rm. 

'ilio MarijuiB and Leatoc, watching the , 

^~vt tiio times, anived at the conJlM«inn 
le period of tlie bnidihnif nt of the 
Duke <le Biren and of the n»>4uiiiption of thei 
supreme power by the mother of Ivan, was 
the jnriod for effecting the revolution , 

deh was to pUc« tlie IVinceAs Klizubeth on , 
le throne of her ancestors. The diaiiatis- 

ttou iu RusHJA ha^t, by thle time, spread' 
ely among all cLusst-e. Tlie p-'ople oli:ife<l ] 
■D«Ier a de/ipotisiu infliftud on them by, 
forritjners: The native nobility felt ontrageil 
by iheir enclusiou from privileges which had 
been conceded to their order umlfr fonnt.T 
nijpu^ before the aliens from Coiiiland had 
Wtoed uu the reins of power The nriuy was 
for llw most |>art to be depen.led on ti>l 
■nswer any bold ;ippeal that u<^ht be made | 
to tt, in f^vrtiir of the daughtiT cf IVtcr the 
G-eaU With tli«rai* chane* in their favour, 
the Frenchman and the Germitu *vl them- , 
■elves to the work of orgatdiiiiig the Ncatture^l 
•lenieiiiauf discontent. The Marqui;i opened 
His well Idled nui-se; atid Surg*>ou l«e»tuc| 
'owle*! aUmt tlie ciiy and the puhtoe wiili 
uful eyes, wltb persuasive tooj^ue, with, 

delicately-bribing bauds. Tlie great point to 
Iw achieved was to tamper succL-ssfuIly with 
the i-eginii-nt on duty at the palace; and 
this wua skilfully anif quickly Hcconip)i«hed 
by Lestoc. Iu the course of a few dayti only, 
he contrived to make sure of all the coi.aiili-r- 
able officers of the ivgiriifnt, and of certaiti 
picked men from the ranks Wxide^, On 
counting heads, the niendwrs of the miliary 
oonapir.icy ihu« organised came to thirty- 
three. Exactly the satue nundier of men hud 
once phittcl the overthrow of Julius Cajsar, 
and had nucceeded in the attempt. 

MattL-rH hail proci-eiled thus far when the 
8ii5pici"ii8 of the Duchess llei^eut (thai, being 
the title which Ivan's moiher had ni>w 
asnuiued) were audJeuly excited, without the 
slii'liti-st apparent eaune to ai'otiae tliem. 
Nothing daugemtis had been openly at- 
tempted aa yet, and not one of the couapira- 
tnra had betrayrd the secret. NevertUeleaa 
the Duchess Kegenl be^n to doubt ; and, one 
niomiiig, she astonished an<l alarmed the 
iiiarquia and Leatoc by Fcnillng, wiih'nit any 
pr» waming, for the Princess E.i&'Lljetli, 
and by addrc^itig a aei-ies of eearcltiiig quea- 
tioim to her at a private interview. For- 
tunately fur the Ruci:eft* of the ploi. the 
dau^^liter of Peter the Great was moie than 
a match for the Ducheja &-geQt. From fii-^t 
to last Kli^iibeth proveJ heraolf eq^ual to the 
dangeioun KiluatJnn iu which she wim pl.'iced. 
The Duchetui discovered iio:bing ; and the 
heads of the thitty-three consjiirntora re- 
mained safe on their shoaMera. 

This piece of good fortiiue operated on the 
cunnin;^' nn<l remilute hentoc ns a wariiio^ to 
make haste. Between the danger of waiting 
to niaV'tro the coinipiracy, and the risk of 
letting it break out abruptly before the 
organisation ot it was complete, he chose the 
latter alU'rnntive. TlieMiirquis agreed with 
hini that it was beftt to venture everything^ 
bi'fure there was time for the suspicions of the 
Duchesti to l>e renewed ; and the Priuceas 
Elizabetli, on her part, was perfectly rea-ly 
to be guided by the advice of Iter two truaty 
ailherents. The fifteenth of January, seven- 
teen hundred and forty-one, had ui.en the 
day oi'igintdly tixed for the breaking out of 
the revoliition. Leatoc now advaticed the 
period for making the grei*t attempt by nine 
days. On the night of the sixth of Jaituai-y 
the Ducheat Regent and the FrinceAs Kliza- 
iK-th wera to eluuge placets, and the tlironeuf 
Rjsiiia wa<§ to liecome once more the iuheri- 
tance of the family of Peter the Great. 

Between nine and ten oVlock, on the nighi 
of tiie sixth, Surg*'ou I-^c^toe ktrolU-d «ut, 
with caretetta sereidcy ou his face, an<l d^ 
vouring finxiety at blx heart, to ph^y hi-i 
OiMMiAtomcd game of bidiards at a Fieuch 
eolfee-house. The utikes were ten ducats, aud 
Lestoo ili 1 not play ipiite go well as usual that 
eveiniig. Wlieu the clock of the coffee-house 
struck ten, he stoppo<l iu the middle uf tbo 
gamt^ aud drew out bis watch. 





ISO [*«l^ It.»7.] 



" I beg ten thousand pardons,** ha laid to 
tlio gentleman with whom he waa pUyiiig ; 
" but I am ftfrnid I must a^k you to let me 
go before the game is done. 1 ImTC a pnticnt 
to leo at ten oVlock, and the hour liaa jiint 
struck. Here is a friem) of min**," lie conti- 
nued, bringing forward one of the bystanders 
bv the ann, " wlio will, with your permiMion, 
pliiy in my y>li»ce. It is quitt- intniateriat to 
me whether he losea or whuLJier he wins, I am 
merely auxiuuH that vour game should not be 
interrupted. Ton tlioufutnd panlons again. 
Noihiiig but the neoetwity of seeing a pjUient 
couM have induced me to be guilty of i)ds 
apparent rudeness. 1 wish yon nuicli plea- 
sure, gentlemen, and I most uuwiliiugly bid 
you good night." 

With that polite farewell, he departed. 
The patient whom he was going to cure was 
the nick BuKsian Ilmpirc. j 

He cot into his sledge, an.l drove off to 
the jLiTace of the PrinciM Kliznbeth. She 
trenil'led a little when ho told her qnietly 
that the hour liad come fur possewiing heriu-lf i 
of (he throne; but, snon recovenug her! 
iipirita, dressed to go out, concealed a knife 
fibtnit her in case ot emergency, and took her 
phice by the side of I^stoo iu the sledge. , 
The two then set fnitli together for the 
French embansy to pick up the second leader 
of the conspiracy. ! 

They found the Marqids alone, cool, 
smilii'g, humming a gay French tune, and ^ 
quiialy aninsing hinist-lf by making a drawing. , 
Klizaheth AU'l Lerttoc looked over hi« shoulder, | 
and the former started a little wht'n she saw 
wh?it the subject of the drawing was. Tn [ 
tlie background appeareil a large monastery, 
a grim prison - like bulliling, with barred 
windows and jealoualy-cli>aed gates ; in ' 
the furegruund wore two higli glbboLs and 
two wheels of tbf> sort used to break criminald 
on. The drawing was touched in with 
extraordinary neatness and steadiness of 
hand ; and the marnuis lau;^hed gaily ' 
whi-u he Raw how seriously the sulvject repre- 
sented had Blai-tled and amuzed the Pi incest ' 
Elizabetli. I 

"Courage, madam!" he said. "I was 
only amusing myself by m.iking a sketch I 
i11u>tralive of the future nhtch we may all j 
three oxi>ect if we fail in our enterprise. In 
an hour from this time, ynu will be on the ! 
throne, or on yonr way to tins ugly builiHiig.*' I 
(He touched the monastery m the back-' 
ground of the drawing li;;htly with the point 
of lus pencil.) " In an hour from this time, ' 
also, our worthy I.e»toc&nd myself will either 
be the two luckiest men in llussia, or the ! 
two miserable criminals who are bound on 
these *^ (he touched the wheels) "and hung I 
up afterwards on those" (lie touched the 
gihbels). "You will prdnn me, niinJam. for 
iDilulging in this c'l^'^'^ily funcy 1 I was 
alwayn eccentric from chihUiooil. My good I 
Irfstiic, aa we seem to he qnitf ready, (lerhsps 
you will kindly precede us to tha d<jor, juid 

allow me the hononr of handing the Frinoeat 

They lelt the house, laughing and chatting 
a« cireleaaly as if they were a jwirty going to 
the theatre. Leatoo took the reins. " To the 
palace of the Duchess Regent, coachman !" 
said the Kfarqiiis, pleasantly. And to the 
palace they went. 

They made no attempt to slip in bjbaek- 
doors, but Ixitdly dnive up to the graod 
entrance, inside of which the guard-house 
was situaletl. 

" Who goes there T" crie<l the sentinel aa 
they left the sledge and {Missed in. 

The Marquis took a piuch of snuff. 

'* Dou't you see, my good frllaw t" he said. 
"A lady anil two gentlemen." 

The slighteat irregularity was serious 
enough to alarm the gu>rd at the ImpernJ 
patnce in those critical times. Tlie sentinel 
presetiteil his musket at the Marquis, aiW a 
druintner-boy who was standing near ran to 
his instrument and caught up bis drum-sLicki 
to heat the alarm. 

Before Lhe sentiiteL could fire, he was siir^ 
rounded by the thirty-throe conspiratora, and 
was disarmed in an instant. Before the 
drummer-boy could beat the alaiiu, the 
Princess KlizabeLh had drawn out her knife 
an'l hiidstalibed — not the Iwy.hnt — thednnii! 
These slight preliniinnry ol'sUclea being thus 
disposci! of, Lestoo ami the Marouis, having 
tlie Princess between them, ami being foU 
lowod by their thirty-three adherents, marched 
resolutely into the' great hall of the |taiace, 
and iliere confronted the entire guar<l. 

"Gentlemen," saJd the Marquis,"! have 
the honour of presenting you lo yinir future 
cm]ireKs, the daughter ol Peter the Great." 

Half the ^uanl had been bribed by the 
canning Lestoc The other half, seeing' their 
comrades adrance and p.ty homage to the 
Princess, followed the example of loyalty. 
Elizabeth was escorted into a room ou the 
ground-floor by u military court forme*! in 
the course of tivemitmteA. The Mnrquis and 
the faithful thirty-three went ujt-slaira t*) the 
steeping apartments of the palace. Leatoo 
ran out, and ordered a carriage to be got 
ready — then joined the Marquis and the ci»u» 
spiriitoi-s. The Duchess l.'egcnt and her 
cliild were just retiring for the night when 
the German surgeon and the French am^ms- 
sador politely informed them that they wer« 
prifloners. Kntreaties were of no avail ; r** 
biiitanoc was out of thL^) qne^Uoa. Both 
luotiior nod ton were led down lu the earriai.'e 
tliat Lesioo had ordered, and were driven uif, 
undt-r a strung guard, to the fortress uf 

The iMilace was secured, and Uie Diichea* 
was impriHoned, but Loittoc un-l the Mnrquis 
had not done their night's work yift. It was 
necessary to make auro of three powerful 
persomigfs conneotud with the guveruoient. 
Three more c»rri;igea were oi-ilered out when 
the Diidieas'a carriaKe Ikad been diiveu oS; 


■mil three noblemen — among them Connt 
(lj«t<'rTu:in, tb« urijjinal cause of ihe tronbica 
ill Kttk>!iia — ven woke out of their firat sleep 
wiih the mforronlion lli&t they w«re state 
prisoiivri, uid wore at.arted before dayligtit 
vn th«ir wny to Siberin. At the aarau time 
ibe thirty-three coiuplratora were »caU^reil 
aliout tu every bamck-r<K«u id St, Putera- 
bur(*,iir(>claiutitig Elizzkbeth Emure^, lu right 
of lier illu>.tr)uui p&reotage, ana in the name 
of tka Bussiiin people. Soon after (Uyllglit, 
the moiiieut tlie wurkiag popuUtioa was 
beginning to bo astir, the churches wero 
OOCiipieU by tmsty men nu<J>^rLeatoc'« orders, 
and the oaths of ftJetity to Elizabeth w(>ru 
admintalered to the willing popiiUce as fiuit 
aa Ui«y osMue in to morning prayers. Dy nine 
o'oloeK tbe work waa done ; the people were 
■atiftfied ; the army whm gained over ; Eliza- 
beth ant im her father's throne, unoppose J^ ua- 
qiii>AltO(icd,nuatitinedby thesheiMingoratlrop 
of blood ; and Leatoc and the Mai-qius could 
rest front th«ir labours at biat, and could xay 
to eich other with literal truth, " The govern- 
ment of Kusjia lias been changed iu nine 
hour's Ki") WB ^*<* foruignvn tiro the meu 
wUo have worked tlie miracle V* 

Sack WAS the RuKsian revolution of aeren- 
ieen huit'lre<l and forty-one. It was not tlie 
lean effuclual beoauao it had lasted but a few 
htfura, and hnd \>wii aocompUilied wiihnut 
Ukc eacrifice of a single life. The Imperial 
iiiheritftQce, which it liad placed in the hAudii 
of Klizalx-tli, WHS not anHtolied from thorn 
a^iii. The daughter of the gi"eat Czar lived 
and ilied Ktnpresd of Rui<^si:i. 

And what became of the two men who 
^ad won the throne for her? The atory of 
the afler-coudnct of the M.iniui* aud l^stoc 
must annwer Ihiit question. The events of 
the revulntion itself arc hardly more strange 
than the events in the lives of the French 
aiiiba8K.idor and the ^ur^eou, when 
th>* Itnef atrutrgle waa over nud the chanj>o 
in the ilynaiity waa accomplished. 

To h^'i^Ln with the Mai-quis. lie had laid 
the Princess Kli^aWth under serious obti- 
^'iou4 to bis courage and tidcUty ; and Wi» 
nrrvioeflwere repaid by ^luch a reward as, in hia 
Taineit momenta, he could never have dared 
%o hnpe for. He had not oidy excited Eliza- 
belli*M i^ratitude, ns a faithful adherent, but 
be bad U^ucheij ber hnart »h a man ; aiir], us 
■oon n» she was settled quietly on the throue, 
abe proved her atlmiration of hts meril^t, 
bis wrrices, aud himself by otfei'iiig to marry 

Tliia propotal, which conferred on the 
Man^nlfl Ihe hi.diest dlatinction iu Uuitsia, 
Cairly tunied hi>t brain, 'llie imiM>rtiu~l>itl)Io 
nun who ba<l preserved Uia coolness iu a 
siluatiun of the ileadliej^t dai)){er, liwt all con- 
trol over himself tlie inomcut he rose to (he 
climax of pn^|x*rity. Ilaviiii; obUiineil leave 
of absence (mm his Imperial intotrcw, he 
mturned tu France to ask leave from hia own 

Bovereign to marry the empress. Tida per- 
misflioa waa readily granted. After rcceivioy 
it, any man of ordinary discretion woidd have 
kept the fact of the Enipreax's (Kirtiality for 
him as strictly secret as possible, until it could 
be openly avowed on the marriage-day. Far 
from this, the Marquis's vanity led him to 
pi-ocbiiin the brilllitnt dcRtiny in store for liim 
all over Paris. Ue commissioned the king'H 
genealogist to construct a i)edigree wliicli 
tihmild be made to ahow that he waa not nu* 
worthy to contract a royal alliance. When 
the pedigree waa completed he had the incre- 
ilible folly to exhibii, it jjublicly, alung with 
tint kerpfutkes which the Enipreai hnd givLU to 
hita and the rich pri^ciits which he intended 
to bestow OS marks of hia favour on the lords 
and ladies of the Russian court. Nor did hia 
iruprudence end even here. When he re- 
turned to St. Petersburg, he took back with 
bim, amoiif; the other persons comprising \iii 
ti'sin, a WMman of loose character, dressed in 
tlie disguise of a page. The tiei-sous about 
the Russian court, whose prt'judicea he had 
never attempted to concili.ite — whose envy 
At his ttuccens waited only fur the ali^^htest 
opportunity to effect hia ruin— susi»actod tbe 
sex of the nretcJided iKige, anil took good 
Ciire that tlie rejwrt of their susplcinns 
should |>euttrate gradually to the foot of the 
throne. It seems Uu-ely credilde, but it is, 
nevertheless, unquehtionably the fact, that 
the infatuated Marquis absolutely allowed 
the Empress an oppirtunity of seeing his 
pige. KlizubelU's eye, «lirtr|KMU'd by jealousy, 
penetrntetl iu<)tantly to the truth. Any W-aa 
di«gnicefid insult i>he would probably have 
forgiven, but such au uulragu aa lbi<< no 
woman — especially no woman in her {XMittou 
— coiild pardon. With one momentary 
glance of anger and disdain, she diami«»e 1 
the Marqui* from her prescueo, and never, 
from tlial moment, saw him .igain. 

The stme evening hia jiapera were seiseJ, 
all tbe presents that be had received horn 
the Empress were taken from him, aud he 
was nrtlei'ed tu leave the Russian dominions 
for over, within eight days* time. Uo was not 
allowed to write, or take any other meaua of 
attempting to justify himself; and, on his 
way baek to hU niittre oouutry, he wus 
followed to the fioutier by certain olRcors of 
the Ruasinn army, and there atrip]>ed, wiih 
every mark of ignominy, of all the ortlers of 
nubility, which ho had received Irom the 
Imperial court. He returned to Paris a dia- 
grnced man, Uvod there in solitude, obscurity, 
and neglect for some year*, and died in a 
state of positive want, the uukiiown inhabi- 
tant of one of the meauest dwellings iu the 
whole city. 

The and of Lestoo is hardly leas remark- 
able than the end of the Marquis. In their 
weak |>oint9 aa in their strong, the cha- 
i-.tcters of these two men seem to have been 
singularly allkft Making due allowance (ttr 

IfiS [iUfMUfclSST.) 


[CoMiuclcd bjr 

the difference in sla'ion Wtween the Gennau 
siirupon Hhii the French anibassndor, it is 
undeuinble that Elizabeth slioweJ her seuse 
of the Mrricea of Lestoc as j;ratefii1ly ami 
geueroOBly as she hfut xhowu Uer wnnc nf the 
Bervicefl of the Marquis. The ex Borgeon 
vaa rniseiJ at once to the position of the 
chief faTonrile and the most powerful man 
»hout the Court. Besides the piivilegcs 
vliidi he Bliarcd eqiinllv with the hi;;he8t 
noUea of iUc period, he wm allowed accecs 
to the Empress ou all privitte aa well na ott 
all piihlio occaMtonH. lie l.nd a ]:>crjtetiml 
right of riitry into her domefttie cimle which 
VAB coneeiied to so one el<te ; tind he held a 
pcMilion, on days uf public rec^-ptiun, that 
placed him on an eminence to which no 
other man in Bussia could hnpe to attain. 
Such was his positiun ; atiil, Blrange to Bay, 
U had piecUely the aame mA<ldcuing effect 
on hiii vanity which the prtwpect of an | 
inipfrial nlliance hud ex^-iTisecl over the 
vanity of the Maniais, I.t-Mtoc'a audarity 
became 11 ngo venial iti< ; hi^ inMolunce knew 
no hooiids. He abused the piiviteges con- 
ferred ojMjn him by Kb/.;ibi-th's gratiiful 
regard, with such Kisenesti and such indvli- 
cacr, that tlie Empresa, after repeatedly 
CHUtiouing him in the friendliest ]iueii(ible 
ternis^ fuuud herself obliged, out of ivgaid 
to her own reputation and to the rciuoii- 
Btraticea which ass^iiled her from all the 
J»er8"!i8 of her Court, to di-prive him of the 
privilege of entry into her private apart^ 

Tlii« checV, inEtend of operating as a 
tinnly waniirii,' to TawIoc, Irriuited hitu into 
the comunasiuu of fresh acta of insolence, ao 
wanton in their nature that R) suibeth at 
last lost all patience, and angi'ily njiroached 
liim with (be audacious in^^ratiluue of his 
hefaaviour. The reproach wa» rttorted by 
Lestoc, who fiercely accused tlie Empress of 
fur<:etting the great services that he had 
rendered her, and dochmd that be wuiild 
turn bis luck on her and her doniiaiMitA, 
after fimt reauutiug the contumely witli 
witioh lie had Iwen treuted by an net of 
revenffe that she would remeuiber to the 
day 01 her death. 

The ren^eauee which he lind threatened 
proved to be the vengeance of a forger and 
a cheat. The banker in St. Petersburg who 
was oliarged wilh the duly of disbursing the 
sams of state money which were set apart 
for the Empress's iis'% received an onlcr, one 
djiy, to pay four hundred thousand ducat^t, to 
a ctTtain {vermin who was not mentiijne>i by 
name, but who, it was stated, would call, 
with tlie pmper credeutiula, to receive the 
money. The banker was struck by this 
irregular method of performing the pre- 
liiuiuuriea of an important mutter of bubi- 
neas, and ho considered It to be Ins doty to 
■how the document which lie bad received 
to one of ilto l^linisters. Stcret inquiries 
were immediately si-t ou foot, ami they ended 

in the discovery that the order was a false 
one, and that the man who had forged it 
was no other than Lesloc, 

For a crime of this kind the punishment 
was death, Ibit the Empress htd deoI»red, 
on her accession, that she would sign no 
warrant for the taking away of life during 
her rei;^, and, moreover, ahe still generously 
remembered what she bad owetl lu former 
times to Lcatoc. Accordingly, she clianged 
his puuishmeut to a seuttrtice of exile to 
Siberia, with special onlers that the life of 
the bnnidhed mau sliouM be luadu aa easy 
to him as pos&ible. He bad not pae^e-a 
many rears in the wildernesses of Sibena, 
biifure KlizabeLb's strong sense of piuil obll- 
l^ation to him, induced her still further to 
lighten hia punishment by ordering that be 
should l>e brought back to St. Pttersburg 
and couliuetl in tlie fortress there, where her 
own eyes might assure her that he wu 
treated with mercy and considemtion. It is 
pioliuble that she only inteudetl this change 
as aprebitle to tlie ivsLoratiun of his liberty ; 
but the future occatiiou for pardoning; iota 
never came. Shortly after his return to 
St. Pett-mburg, Ije^toc ended his days in the 
prison of the lortrcsa. 

So the two leader?*' of the ICnsnaa revo- 
lutiou lived, auti so they died. It has been 
said, and said well, that the oidy sure prool ot 
n miinV strength of mind is to be di8t>ovtM-ed 
by observing the manner In wh oh he bean 
surcvtis. History showa few such rtnurkublo 
examples of the truth of this axiom, as are 
affunlfd by the lives of the Marquis de Ih 
Che'tnrdie and the German surgeuu Leitoo, 
Two atronger meu in the hour of |>eri( and 
two weaker men in the hour of eecnrity have 
not oEten ap[>eared in this world to vanquish 
adverse circumstances like heroes, au<l to bo 
conq\tered like cowards afterwards Uy uutUiug 




It not uiifreqtiently happens that— an»td 
the storms of party, hostile diviflions, bitter 
spctcbes, parliamentary disruptiona, dissolved 
sessions, hustings* agitations, cabinet reoon- 
stnictions, plausible promiaes — the plaia 
facts of a large international qneslion nrr 
little undcrsto<Hl by the people. The preseot 
outbreak with China U not t-xactly an opium 
w;tr, yet Opium gives flavour to it, and opium 
clu'jfts are Pandora-boxes wlo-ncii nuieh mis- 
chief flies out to trouble the Orieutul world. 
What opium is.nnd how it isu^etl ; who gave 
it, and where; who buy It, and why; who 
pay for it^ and how ; who fight about it, and 
witen — are uuestions that we ought, for rea^ 
Suns presently to hv shown, to bo well able to 
an&wer in England, since they bear very 
closely on our rtlntion with a huudretl mil- 
lion >jiKt Ttidian)) and three hundred milliuua 
Chinese. Au attempt is hei« made— m an 




Iri'liau chapter relating to tlie proJacera, and 
a CliiiJ#« chapter relating to the conaumers 
—to gi\'e ft ptaiu account of the niatti-r : 
etetfriiig clear betweea the mcTch&nt-bias ou 
th« nue Imnt), &iid the miwionorj-biaa od the 

Opiutii, then, is % brownish substance, 
■moKed aii'l chewed in a luniiuer soiiiewlwit 
ADalo'^ous to tobacco, and to (;ratiry a similar 
enkvitt:f. It is the juice of the white poppy, 
Bolidined and otherwise prepared. This pinnt 
u extt^iisively crown in Asia and Europe, 
sotu«fli(ue4 for the sake of the oil contaiiieii 
in the seeilrs sometimes for the me«)iutnal pro- 
perties of the CA[Kiul«8, but more geueralty 
for the pocutiar opiate qualitipfl of tlie juice. 
Although the Turks, Syrians, Eg^'ptian8,aQd 
Persians ctiltivnty the pojipy for trie sake of 
the ttpiiim, thin branch of huiib&iidry is luoi'e 
especially attended to in India ; not tlirough 
Ui« sii|»erior qualities of the soil or cUmut*!, 
but from an all-powerful money motive, pi-e- 
■ODtly to be elucidated. Much care aud 
labour are needed in prepariu;; the gruutid 
•nd tending the youn^ phmta, and many 
■oarecs of injury are lUio to iluctnation in 
wind, rain, and dew : hence the growth of 
ffae poppy for opium is rather precarious. In 
Ibdiii, the cultivation takes place in the cold 
K«son, and the manuring and wati-nng arc 
•ednlously attended to. Soon after the fluwera 
&1I, the pl-mt is ripe fur the opium harvest. 
The ^leople flock to the ticUhi in the evening, 
ftrmcd with crooked- U.idod knives, which 
are employed to cut incisions in the capeules 
or poppy-heads, in various directions. They 
then rt'tire for lite night ; niul on j-esnming 
field-work early next monjing, they find that 
juice lias exutled through the iuuiaions, aud 
collected ou the surface. At first it is white 
and milky, but the beat of the sun speedily 
converts it into a brown gummy mass, in 
which state it is scraped off. The thickened 
juice, iu crude opium, is collected as itexudea 
day after day, until all has been obtained ; 
and this total quantity is atfected, not only 
by the whole routine of culture, but by the 
state of the weather during the cultivation 
and collecting. Tlie produce is either simply 
drie<i ; or, to equalise the quality, the whole 
of ttie day's collection is rubbed together iu a 
inortar or similar vessel, and reduced to a 

no^nous semi-fluid mass, which is then 

lekfy dried in the shade. 
-" At this point it becomes necessary to nn- 
derstAod the qualities for or on account of 
Vhich opium is consumed by man. We liave 
briefly noticed the opium culture, taken in 
Sbi simplest form, without regard to any 
Other interests than those of the cultivator. 
But we c&nnot now stir a step further in the 
BHTAlive. without attending to those quali- 
ties in opium that hare determined the pro- 
OMdings of the East India Company. Tlie 
art of deriving a revenue from this commo- 
£ty has been inreutcd by the Company, and 
become the basis for a vast trade between 

India and Cliina. Had opium been employed 
merely as a medicinal drug, we should never 
have heonl of opium wars in the Celestial 
Empire ; since, owing to the strength of the 
drug, a little wouhl go a gi-eat way in tlie 
hands of the medical practitioner. The poppy 
ytflds morphia, narcotina. codela, meconinu, 
and other eubetances invaluable in the heal- 
ing art ; and it is the source whence lauila- 
uum, spirit of poppiea, aud a host of iitwtrumB 
under the naint^ of Godfrey's cordial, pare- 
goric elixir, black; dro{>, setlative liquor, 
Jercmie's solution, &c,, derive their chief 
qualities. But the sick consume very little 
of this subdUince ; it Is by men, men hnle 
enough to dispense with the use if they so 
please, that the market-supply of opium is 
mostly taken off. Those who do not take 
opiutii as an indulgence can form noadequale 
conception of the effect it produces ; and 
must therefore be dept^ndent on opium-eaters 
and smokers, or on medical writei-s, for infor- 
mation on this subject The collectors of 
opium are generally pule, and afTected with 
tremblings ; and if opium be heated, the 
vapours mixing with the air of the ruom have 
a tendency to produce iusonsibility in man 
and the lower atdmals. It acts either as a 
stimulant or a sedative, according to the 
quantity taken, the frequency of repetition, 
aud the state of the system when it is rnlmi* 
nislered. M. Perelru states tliat, to pertsona 
uoiiccustomed to its use, the eating of less 
than a grain of opnim gencndly produces a 
stimulant action ; the mind is exhilarated, 
ideas flow more quickly, a pleasurable condi- 
tion of the whole system is experienced, 
difficult to describe ; there is a capability of 
greater exertion tlian usual ; but this is fol< 
lowed by a dimiuution of muscular power, 
and of susceptibility to the impression of 
external objects ; a desire of repose comes on, 
hunger U nut felt, but thirst increasea. Very 
soon, however, tlie craving increases by that 
which it feeds upon ; the pleasurable stimulus 
is only I'enewable by increasing the dose, in- 
somuch that a portion of a grain no lunger 
produces the result yearned for. When the 

3iuuitity reaches two or three grains at a 
ose, the stage of excitement is soon followed 
by ttiestageuf depression; the pulse is full aud 
rapid, then faint and slow ; the skin becomes 
hot, the mouth and throat dj-y, the appetite 
diininitihcd, the thirst increased, the taste of 
food deteriorated by nausea, the musclee 
enfeebled, the organs of sense dull, the ideas 
confused, and Uie inclination torpid : in 
short, the pleasurable stage is brief compared 
with the painful stage that follows it. Four 
grains, to a person quite unaccustomed to its 
use, are likely to be fatal ; but to an opium- 
cater or smoker this is only a very moderate 
dose. The Turks, who in many cases take 
opium aa a stimulant because their religion 
forbids the use of wine, be^in with permtpa 
half a grun ; but the mania carries them lo 
such a length that, when the habit is fully 

154 Uari«i It, MM 



confirmed, two dracbrn:! or more per Jfty are 
craved lor. Dr. Oppc-nlieinif in relatiuii to 
these Turkiflh opiuni-^alera (who tako the 
tlruK in l-he form of pilU), says : " The eflfeut 
of tlie opium nmnifeaU iuoif one or two 
bonra afler it has be«n tiikeu, nud IahU for 
four or BIX hcjum, occurJiujj to the dose 
taken and the idionjiici-acy of the subject Id 

EersoiM accufitomed to take it, it pmduces a 
i^h de;rrf e uf aikiiuatioii, which the Therioki 
<upium-catcrs) represent as the acme of Imp- 
piucsH. The hnbitual opium-eater is iiis'.ikUUy 
recognised by hiaappearnnce. A totAlattcn- 
uatiiiu of body, a nitherej yellow counte- 
uaiice, A lame gait, a bending of the spiuc, 
frequently to such a degree a» to assume a 
circular form, and glossy deep-sunken eyes, 
l»elray Kim nt the first plance. The digestive 
or>^m are lu tlio hij^diedt ilegrcc di-nturbed : 
the suifcrer cats scarcely unylhiug ; his 
mental and bodily tx>weiti are desLroytfd — he 
is impotent. By uugrefjt, as the habit l>e- 
conies more conlirmed, his strength continues 
deoreasiug, the craving for the stiiuuh.s Ini- 
oomes even f^reater, and to pr(»luce the 
desired effect the dose must conflUtutly bo 
augmented. When the du^e of two or three 
dra<.rhii)8aday no lunger pri>duoes the beatific 
hitoxication ao eagerly sought, they mix the 
opium with corrosive eubliuiate, increasing 
the quantity litl it reaulica tt-n grains a day.** 
Must English readera are to Bome extent 
fiiruiliar with the rereUtions made by De 
Qitincy and Coleridge, corrolwratiug this 
account ot the terrible effects of opium- 
eating. As to the Chinese hiibit of opium- 
BUjokmg, the next chapter will introduce us 
to it 

Now thU Oriental tendency to opium* 
(tating and emukiug will furnish a clue to the 
Tmi*t aiiil present jiruceedings of the East 
India Company, in relation to the culture of 
the iKippy, Just ninety yeai-s ago, Messrs. 
Watson and Wheeler, two civil s^rvauls of 
the ContiMuiy at Calcutta, suggested to the 
Coancil inat ua India grew opium, a revenue 
might ])08sibly be derived thui-efrom. Until 
tliat time, Oilna had purchased uo foreign 
opium, except a littU from India, a little 
brought from Turkey by Portuguese mer- 
chaittH ; but it was now tliought that India 
might obtain a larger share in the trade. 
llie suggestion was so fur a4]o])ted as to 
ensure emoluments for severiU oSi^^ers under 
the Gorernment ; but in the coutse of a few 
vears the monopoly was taken out of the 
hands of those oflicers, and the profit ol the 
trade assumed for the benefit of the Com- 
pany, through the medium of middlemen or 
BitecuUton. Tlie system continued under 
the direction of the Board of Kcvenue, but 
towards tlie clone of the century it was trans- 
ferred to the Board of Tra-le. About the 
be^jinniug of the present century the midilie- 
Dian, or coutractor system, was abolished. 
Company's agents were directly appointed, 
uul tho cultivation of the poppy waa strictly 

limited to certain defined districts in tho 
Bengal PreBidency ; the plan, thua esta- 
bliithed, has been c<intinued down to ibe 
present time, with modittcation in its dotaUs, 
but not in ita principle- 
Opium, then, ia a rigorous monopoly of the 
EiBt India ('onipauy, so far as India is con- 
cerned ; and the monopoly is cherished and 
fostered becatisu the Cliinesu are found to be 
ready purchnscrs. The Company are not the 
growurs of tlie poppy, but they control tho 
L'rowei-s in an extraordinary ivay. Beiinrea, 
Vatua, and Malwa are the thrttc provinces 
where the plant is grown. Leaving Malwa 
for BpeciKl mention presently, wo proceed to 
describe the mmle iu which the o|i«ralioua are 
conducted iu the other two provinces. The 
cultivation of the jwppy in pruliibited, exoept 
for the purpose of belling the juice to the 
Company at a fixed i>rice, nt «hich it U 
received. Any cultivator willing to engage 
iu this brNnah of huBbandry U permittetl so 
to do, on the condition specified ; but no one 
is compelled, against Ids senue of his own 
interests. The price for the juice— about 
ninepenco per pound on an averni^e of years- 
is found BufTjcicnt to stinmlate production. 
The Company will tako any quantity, be the 
produce alnive or beluw the average. The 
poppy fields are measured every y^ar, and 
thuir Iwund.iriefl fixed, in order to prevent 
collision among ihoeu to whom they are u»- 
signeii. llie cuulract between tho CumjKiny 
and the growers is managed Ihroagh many 
intenuediate agents — including a colleolor, 
who is a European ; gomastiks, a superior 
class of native agents ; sudder mntlus, * 
rettpectnble class of landowners ; vilUgs 
mattlis, the principal iidiabitauts of the vd- 
lages ; and the ryots or {leasaut culiivntora. 
Aoijording to the engagement entere<) int<\ 
wheu the poppies are ripe, iuimedi:itely befor* 
the exti'action of the Juice, the gouiostak and 
bis assistAuts make a circuit of the country 
or disti'ict, and form by guess a probable 
estimate of tho produce of each field, lis 
then makes the ryot enter into an eugnge- 
meat to deliver the quantity thus estimatati, 
and as much more as the field will yield, at 
the price pi-eviously fixed. If the quantity 
dellvereil be \vsa than the estimate, and the 
collector lioa reason to suppose the ryot has 
kept bock any^ the former a empowered bj 
law to prosecute the ryot in the civil courts 
for damages. If a ryot ente» on the culti- 
vation of the poppy without having previuuslr 
made his agreement with the Company, tiu 

Eroi)CTty becomes immediately attached, uutil 
6 either destroys his poppies or makes the 
requisite bargain. There would bo tyranny 
in the working of such a system, were it not 
perfectly optional to the ryot to abauiloa the 
culture of tho poppy whenever it became un- 
profitable or un|deaaant to him; and indeed 
the opfiouenta of the sytttem assert that it ia 
very ditlicuU for tbe poor cultivators to get 
out of the groovy whether they wuk or ao. 


<\... .;.!..:.... linweTer, that tlie ctiUiire h«8 
V se4 in amount lately, tlie bulance 

01 L . -. .. . E>eeui8 to (tbow that tb« cultirators 
find opium to b« M profitftUe aa ric« or 

It ia aftiil Abore, that the price paid to the 
ryot for the juice i« about ninepence per 
pultnJ ; but tbe proluct coeta the Company 
f'.-ur or fire times this aniouot before it 
fifi&Uf paases into other handi. The juice 
ku Bunjr proceuci to go tlirougli before it is 
fit for the miirket, and these procossM differ 
in dilTiTent countries. The por-centage of 
morphia cdntained in poppy juice being the 
chief fact that dvteniiiijeB itn value, the 
opiaat broui;ht to mnrket is cnrefully cUssi- 
Am, in order that dealers may. in the first 
plaoe, gsen the quality from tbe country or 
d(«trict, aud tlien analyse it more minutely. 
ThuA tiniy ma opium isftrcpared Into irregular 
flattened masses of about two pounds weight. 
«omewttat hard, blackish brown, waxy in 
lustre, and enrelopeil in leaves. Conatanti- 
Bnpolil&n opium, generally in small U-nti-»ihnped 
cakes, and covered with poppy leaves, ia 
W9^iUr, BofUr, and weaker in quality than 
that from Smyrna. £i;yptia]t opium, brought 
to market in Icuf-cnvelopeil, round, flattened 
eakea^ about three inches in diameter, ia 
raider than the last nauie<l kind, but much 
border. Persian opium, of intermediate 
colour, odour, and consistence, is brought to 
market in the form of cylindrical sticks, each 
enveloped with Bmr>otli };Iussy pajwr and tie<l 
witU cotton. The Indian opium, which in 
many respects ia the mont important, is 
tz«at«d as foUowa: — After the juice has been 
ooUecied it ia gradually iuspiAintod in thv 
cool shade, care being taken to procure a 
proper jelly-like consistence, without grit or 
aoumeas. When ready for market, it poa- 
ae«ae8 a degree of adhesivenesa which keeps 
it from dropping from the hand for frime 
seconds, thou<*h the hand he inverted. In the 
Patna and llenaTca districts the opium is 
made into balls about the size of the double 
fist, and covered with a hard akin m:u)e of 
the petals of the poppy. Tbe cheats in which 
tbe opium ia packed for the market are made 
ef mango-wood ; each cooaista of two atortes 
or •tages, and each story has twenty compart- 
moBta to oontaiu twenty balls, inaomuch that 
ihib balU of opium are all kept acparate. 
Tbe balls weighing about three pounds and 
a-haif each, the average chest-weight does 
^not depart far from a hundred and forty 

We hare reserved for a special paragraph 
CIm Halwa opium, for a reas«>n that may now 
KftptMT, Malwa ia not a British possession. 
It ia one of tlioae few states in Uiudustnu, 
becoming fcwer and fewer in eaah generation, 
that are still independent. The ICnst India 
Company cannot, therefore, send the tax- 
gatherer into that province, but tliey uever- 
tfaeleaa contrive to obtain a large revenue 
oot of it ia auotUer way. The Malwa culli- 

vatora, qnite independent of tbe Company, 
grow jHtjtples and ])rcpare opium jusl when 
and where they find it must coovcnieot. 
They make up Uie opium into cakes about 
the size of the nin^le fist, and pack it in dried 
poppy leavea, and tbe chests lu which the 
cakes' are placed are coveretl with bides or 
coane cloth for their preservation. All is so 
far well ; hut if the cultivators wish to sell 
the opium to foreign merchants for shtpoieat 
at a seaport, how ia this to be effected ? 
Malwa, aituatcd between liombay and Delhi, 
does not come down to the coast, nor can it 
obtain communication with any coast but by 
transit thru>i;;h Home otlier province. When 
Sciude was independent, the opium of Malwa 
found its way to the port of Kurrachee in 
that region, without coming In contact with 
British antliorilics ; but when Sctnde was 
conquered by the late Sir Charlva James 
Nitpier, this opium trade was at onco stopped. 
The Com|>any obtained such a command over 
the western coasts that Malwa opittro could 
reach no port except that of Bombay, and by 
no route that would keep clear of British 
ttrritory. Such being the new state of aflaira, 
a frontier duty was eatabltshed, analogous to 
the customs* toll on the continent of Europe, 
but very heavy in amount. Tbe opium is 
sold by tbe cultivators to dealers Id Malwa, 
and about eight thousand chests are annually 
consumed in that province ; but a much 
larger qaantity is now seut by land route to 
Bombay, a distance of nearly Gva hundred 
railea. The Malwa opium was formerly 
admitted along this route at a smaU duty, so 
long as tliere was a rival outlet through 
Scindc ; but in proportion as a monopoly has 
been acquired by tite Companv the duty baa 
been raised. The British resident at Indore, 
a sort of ambassador to the Malwa atate, 
grants "paaaea" to merchants to convey 
opium theneo to Bombay ; and for these 
passes or permits a sum ia paid which Itas 
been trebled in amount in fifteen years — it 
having becu rained from about a hundred and 
thirty to four hundred rupees |wr cheat. The 
last-named rate of duty, on a chest of about 
one hundred and forty pounds, is nearly six 
shillings per pound — cigut times as much as 
the ryot cultivator obtains for tlie juice. Any 
opium found within the Bombay Treaidenoy, 
on which transit duty has not been paid, is 
not only forfeited, but entails a fine on the 

One stage more, and we arrive at the whole- 
sale mercantile dealiui;s in Indian opium. Until 
the great change effected in tlie Company's 
charter, in eighteen hun^lred and tbirty-fuur, 
(he Company were their own menrhants in 
foreigu ouuntrii-a, to the exeluaioo of others ; 
but Ute external trade is now free, and is 
maoaged by any merchants belonging to any 
country. In Madras presidency no opium is 
grown, aiid none exporteiL In Bombay pre- 
sidency no opium ia grown, but the Malwa 
upium i>ay& duly ou paaiung through British 



ISO (ABfvK imarj 



territory to tliat jx)rU In Bengal preaiileney 
a nysUm of aalc by KUcUoa is auopte<l. ^Vhell 
the liengal opium has been collecteU and 
brought to the Company's <lo[)6ts in the cities 
of Benares and Patiin, when it has been puri- 
fied nnd j^ackcd in the chests, it is sent to 
Ciilcutta, where brokers, aeting for the Cora- 
pftny, dispitae of the opium by anction to the 
tii^hest bidders. The purchasers nre English, 
Anicricsn, and other merchantft, who Ijuy to 
sell again at any other ports they pU-usi' ; it 
being a well understood fact, however, that 
China ia the great market to which they 

'Jlie commercial history of a pound of 
Indlau opium, then, is this : The Company 
pay about ninepence for the juioe to the ryut 
cultivator; tbey incur a further expenditure 
nf three »hilIingftorBo,by tbo time tlio opium 
haa leA their hands. They receive, on an 
average, say twelve ehilliims from the mer- 
chnfit who ))uyfl at the Calcutta sale, and 
tliey pocket the difffrence between lour shil- 
llujjs and twelve. These sums must be tnken 
ainiply a^ » means of showing how tlie price 
rises, ant) not the actnal prices for any one 
year. The Company havtj sold at seven 
shillings per pound, they have soM at a 
guinea per pound, according to the general 
state of aflairs in India or in Cliina, and their 
profits have been proportionally tiffwrted. As 
to the further incrense of price in China, the 
next chapter will afTord some iuformatini]. 

At Bouibay, the exports of opium to China 
wre greater thau a! I the otlier exports to all 
countries ; but, at Calcutta, the general 
trade being vastly in excess of that at the 
sister presidency, Uio opium exporta do not 
appear to be relatively so large, alihougli the 
actual quantity of Benares and Palna opium, 
sold at Calcutta, is about twice Ihut of 
Malwa opium sold at Bombay. The sales at 
Calcutta nave increased from two to twelve 
in the year, and are uianageil Ity brokers em- 
ployed bv the Company. Tlio Company have 
nothing further to do with the matter iifler 
thene sjties ; the merchants or buyers take 
the drug whithersoever they will— mostly to 
China, in low-bulled, swift-sailing veiiselH. 
Ninety years ago, India sent two hundred 
chests of opium annually to China ; now, she 
sends fifty or sixty thousand ; at that time, the 
opium paid only cultivators* and merchants' 
profita ; at present, it yields in addition a 
revenue of no leaa than five millions sterling 
to the East India Company. And yet it is 
oalculnted that all the opium fields of India 
combined, du not exceed an area of n ban- 
dred thousand acres, or a square of land 
meaauring twelve or tltirtcea miles on eaoli 
side. In the culture oi these fields, the Com* 
panv not only nay the ryot for the opium 
produced, but advance him money to aasistiu 
the culture; and this haa ted some of the 
well-wisfaera of India to a<«ert that, if the 
Company would foster the giowtli of cotton 
in the same wmy — especially at a time when 

the dependence of Britain on the United 
States for a supply of that important mate- 
rinl is l>eginniug to excite mueli uneaainen 
— it woulil be mors to the advantage both 
of India and of England. 

As for back as a quarter of a century ago, 
when the aiTairs of the Eoat luJia Company 
were investigated by parliament, and when 
the revenue derived from opium was Jar 
smaller than it has since becume, the com- 
niittee rei>orted : "In the present st^ite of the 
revenue of India, it does not apjiear advisable 
to aliandon so importaut a source of revooue; 
a duty on opium being a tax which falls 
principolly upon the foreign consumers, and 
which appears, upon the whole, less liable to 
objection than any other that could l>e sub- 
stituted." This line of argument haa Iteeu 
used ever siace ; the servants of the Com- 
pany, in evidence before commissions and 
committer, canstantty assert that the opium 
revenue must nob he touched, unless the 
moralists can point out some substitute ; they 
say, if you touch this revenue, yott will para- 
lise any exertionu we may make to Improve 
the natives and iudustry of India. Money 
we must have — if not from opium, where elee f 
The Marquis of Dalhouste, in the remark- 
able Minute giving the results of his eight 
years' government of India, shows that the 
opium revenue had increase<l from lea3 than 
three millions sterling, iti eighteen hunOred 
and forty*fight, to more than five millions in 
eiglitefQ humired and fifty-six ; tliat it now 
forms oue-aixlh of the tntire revenue of our 
vatit Indian empire; and he ventures upon 
no suggestions for the future abandonment or 
diminution of this source of wealth. 

'ihe next chapter will take up f^om India 
to China ; from the opium-growers to the 
opium-consumers ; from those who obtain a 
revenue through smoke, to those who puff 
the amoke that yields the revenue. 


Sriaa her ml leut; looV, fon h«ve Uk«n fien IM 
The PrcMiit imi I munniir iwt, nor ino»n ; 
The Fnlare, too, wiih alt lier glariout pioiuiH^ 
But do Dot ln*e me uucilj' tluoe. 

S)«re mo the Put — for, >cc, ilie cannot tuuin y^m^ 
site lies BO wliiie and roU, wni|«ped in her •htottd^ 
All, nil mt- orni t »ni] trutt me I villi lil<le her 
Within my loul, uor ({teak to bcr tloud. ■ 

I folded her nft hand* apttn her botom 
Ani! itrrrred my flower* iijKin her — ihcy itill liTt— 
Soinctiinct I like lo kiu her doted «)iit« c^Uds, 
Aod tliiak of aU the joy itie lued to giro. 

Cruel indeed it were to take ber frotn mo ; 
She ileer». "ha will not wake — no f«*r— agwBu 
And to I laid bcr, luch a cctitlo burtliCD, 
Quietly OS mjr bevt to iiUl its pain. 

I do not tljitik the roay unilEng Preient, 
Or Xhi rftf[UD Putare, ipile ufsll ber rhunni, 
Could ever riv»l ber. You know ycu Utd ber. 
Long yein ago, llicn Uriaf, ia uij uuu. 





UwtnukuurA 157 


Leave hrf at leact— wliOe my Inn Tall upoo !ief| 
1 dn-am tlie ffnilet, ju»t m ibc did of j-oro ; 
Ai dear >• tnt to mo — n»y, it nwy b*, 
E»ri* dcttrrr Mill— »ince I liato nothing more. 


Some twenty years aijo, & rich Wrat Indift 
mercliiiitt, a Mr. WaMciLiirn, purclioiieii au 
mUU in tlie county of Kent, and went thither 
to reatde with his wife antl family ; such 
iamily CDn-tifttiug uf two hudh and twu dntigh- 
tent, nil of whom were gi-own up. 

The liotuo on the Mtate wh« a fino ohl 
maniiion in the Elizabethan style of architec- 
ture, and tlie croiiiifls by ivhich it was sur- 
rounded were laid oat with ^Tcat care and in 
exccJtent taste. The property Lad beloDged 
ori|^~nallr to a baronet who had diftting^iished 
himsilf in political life. So perfect a property 
was uuver purchaseil for ao Kmall a snm. 
The house nnd grounds — known as CarlvlUe 
— t"v.;clher with one hundred acres of arable 
land, were kuocked down hy the illustrious 
GtK/igo Bubios for nine tUoiuaud| two Lun* 
dreil, and fifty pounds. 

The estato had been in the posseesion of 
its late owner's fautily for upwanla of two 
hundred years. In that house had been born 
sevend eminent military men, a naval hero, 
a rery dlatingnishcd lawyer, a KUnteHman of 
no onliitAry repute, nnd a Ia*iy celebrated for 
her remarkable beauty and her wit. 

It wa* in the autumn that Mr. Walderburn 
took poasession of Carlville, and a number of 
niP8t« were invited to inaugurate the event. 
The ehk-r son of Mr. Walderbam was in the 
umy. and brought with him several ofllceia 
of hi»i regiment. The younger son was at the 
univerfiitv of Oxford, and was accompanieil 
to hin falncr^s now home by three intimate 
ttdlrge frieu'ls. The Mines Walderburn had 
Also their especial favouritw ; ami tlicy, too, 
journeyed to Carlvilte. A merrier party it 
would t>e ditficnlt to imagine. 

Un the evening of tlm tliird day, when the 
ladies had just risen from the dinner-table 
and retired to the drawing-room, the sound of 
carriage wheels, and nreswntly a loud rapping 
at tiie door, were distinctly licard. Aa no 
visitor was expected, this startled the host ; 
who, finding that no one had been announced, 
Mraa tvmiiii'd to inuiiire of the footman: 

•• WUu was that j " 

* No one, air," was the reply. 

" Did you hear a rap at the door ] ** 

- Vea, air." 

*• Did you open the door 1 " 

•• Y«, air." 

** Did you not see any one 1 " 

*' No one, sir." 

•* Very strange ! " ejaculated Mr. Walder- 
burn, patting round the bottles which were 
•taiMliog before bim. 

In another five minotos there was heard, 
for the second time, a sound of carriage 
whccU, followed by a vigorous rapping at the 

door, which was opened. But the footman 
saw no one, and conveyed this information to 
hifl ninator without waiting to be questioned. 

Mr. Wabtsrbum, his sous, and his guests, 
were at a loes to comprehend the matter. 
There were three young gentlemen living at 
Glea|>ark (an estate near Ciarlvillc) who were 
just then undi^r a cloud, in contie()Uence of 
having committed sundry irregubiritics during 
the al>a«ncc of tbeir mother and sisters on 
the continent. These young geotlemon (the 
eldest waa four and twenty, and the youngest 
just of age) were fond of pr.ictical joking ; 
and to their account thia rapping at the door 
was laid. While the atunidity of such coa- 
duct waa being remarked upon, there came, 
for the third time, the aouud of carriage 
wheels, followed by a very loud rapping. On 
this occasion, Mr. Walderburn sprang up and 
went out, determined to catch and severely 
pnniah these senseless intruders. Thn younger 
aon, armed with a stick, ran round by the 
back way to cut off the retreat of the venicle, 
while the elder aon opened the hall door. It 
was a brilliant moonlight night, but no car- 
riage nor any person waa to be eeen. ■ 

Mr. Widderbum'a sons stood in front off 
the mansion, discoursing on the oddueas of 
the recent proceeding. That a human hand 
had rapped at the door there was no sort of 
doubt in their minds, and that the sound they 
had heard previously to the rapping waa the 
sound of carriage wheels and the tramp of 
horses, they were etjually certain. In order 
to be prepared for the next visit, Ihey 
crouched duwn and accreted theniselvea be- 
hind a large shrub. They had not been in 
Uiia position for more than five minutes when 
a Bound of wheels and of horses* hoofs in* 
duced them to look around them enmeatly 
and intently. They saw nothing ; but they 
heard a cnrringe pulled np at the door, the 
steps let down, then the rapping at the door, 
the rustling of silk dresses, the steps put up 
again, and the moving away of the caiiiage 
towards the stables. 

None of the Walderburn family were timid 
people, or believers in ghosts. Tlie young 
men, therefore, without scruple, went into 
the ilrawing-room, where alt the inmates of 
the house were now assembled, and ni.ide 
known what had occurred. Aa is usually 
the ease on such occasions, their statement 
was received with laughter and incre'lulity. 

And now there came another rafipiug at 
the door, and the biff footman, who had heard 
the young masterV report in the drawiug- 
room, trembled so violently, that the lujis 
and saucers ou the tray which he was hand* 
ing round began to reel, dance, and etagger. 

" Listoa I " said the elder 100 of Mr. Wal- J 
dorbura. I 

All listened, and distinctly heard the sound 
of carriage wheels and of horses* hoofs. 

There was a huge portico before the front 
door of the mansion^ and on the top thereof 
a balcony. Thence the eye could command 

15S tA«p«t».iw4 



the flight of any vehicle coming in or going 
out (if cither uf the crcnt guU'S. Thither 
tl»e whole party repaired to look for the 

it was not long before the ooisefl alrcftdy 
dcaL'riticd were ngniu heard, but Dothing 
could be seeD. Everyone iiuweet to work to 
liivitie the cause of the»e eupfnintnral Bounds. 
One Bniit thnt tt was the wind through the 
trees ; another, thnt there most lie a drain 
tiiiitiT the firtnitxcit iiihabiiei] by rata; a 
third Biif^frested ili&taut thunder, arid m on. 
Bat then there wiui the nifipinx nt the door 
by iiivinilile lianrU. And I'nr tlii», everybody 
was eqnslly at a lo» to nccoant. 

This mppiiig nnd univnl of inviaible car- 
riages waB C'->nttDued till nboot luIf-paHt 
ten. It then eoaMil, and (rave way to soundft 
more aa|)erDaturu.l sttll. Tlteie aroM a sound 
of siibihied tDUsio throu;;ii the niautioD. It 
wax no delusion. Every one heard it — set- 
vnnte iucludt-d — hfard it distinctly, and could 
follow the old tuues to which our forefath'^ra 
u«e<i to dmioe. And some, who listened most 
atlcittively, deeUred that they could hear the 
niovem<i^nt of feet in Beveml of the rouma and 
upon the ataira. 

Betiriug to rest while thcae noises con- 
tinued woa out of the quuttion, and the whule 
p*»ity remained up, Biwcuiftiiiip, Gnrmiuing, 
and woDderiDg. Towardu daylight the sound 
of the mtiaiu eeased, ami then oinic the notae 
whiidi alwayn attends the V>reakiDg-up of a 
ball. Shutting of carn^e doors, moving on- 
w;.nl of hor«c% &c Thu re-ider niuat uudor- 
8t.tnil, however, that thruu-rhout the whule of 
these extroorilinaiy noii^cs the sound of the 
faantnn voice was never lie:ird ; and, as already 
atnted, nothing «hutever wae acen. 

]>nylight put an end to any alarm that had 
crL-|it amongst the members of the paitj at 
CuriviUe, and the mnjurity went to rest. 

The evil conaetpivnees of the {tast night'a 
events were apeedUy mnuifested. The female 
aerrnnts, one and all, wi.-*hed to leave the ser- 
v'lcv. Tliey would not on any terms, they 
said, remsin in a house that waa haunted. 
They insisted on going at ouoe, being quite 
prejiarcd to forfc-it their wages, if that 
atep should be taken. The maida of the 
lady viattors abio declarevl that they would 
rather not remain another night; and tlits 
wap au excellent reason for the lady viaitorx 
themselves, who were re.illy frightened, to 
remove from Carlville. In a wonf, liefure the 
day had luisaed, Carlville waa left to the 
menibcra of the Walderbum family, mad a 
few of the men-ecrvants. 

Night came, and all waa na attll aa the 
grave. No aound of carringo, no noise of any 
Bar:, or kiuit. The Walderburus, who w.»re 
atroiig-minded people, began to reason on the 
matter, and came to the conclusion that the 
tni|in5«istous of the pant niglit were mere 
deltitiinus, that tli« imagination of one person 
in the first instance had 6red the imngination 
oi the reiit, :uid that then the idoa had 

becr-me a fixed idea with alt New female 
BiTvants were engaged from a town t*ll 
mi Il-9 distant, and tlie establish ment of 
Carlville was onoe more perfect iu ©Torj 

The gentlofolka in the vicinity now began 
to call upon the WalderburiiB, who wers 
anxious to question them about the auner- 
natiirul noises, which still stole over their 
minds ; but somehow or other they felt 
ashamed to do so, especially as there had lieco 
no recurrence of these noises. Araon"st uthera 
who calletl at Carlville was Mr. Lsirelle, a 
very gentlemanlike and clever man of about 
thirty yoara of ago. The WalJerburu fuiuil/ 
were charmed with him, and the sons espe- 
cially cultivated his ai^uainta:ice. 
I One day the convewalion haiiponing to 
turn upon the estate Carlville and i'* late 
propriulor. Mr. Rstrelle spoke aa follows ;— 

"Old Sir Hugh waa something muro than 
eccentric- JJe waa at times insane. Con- 
scious of being 80, he retired from publio 
life and came down here to live. He held 
alonf fi-om all the families in the neighbour- 
hood. I was the only person whose vtaiti 
he neeeived, and I fre<jiieutly dined with hinu 
He h.-ul always covers Laid for twenty, even 
when he dined nlonc. The fact w.-is, he used 
t(> Bay, that he never knew when liis guesta 
wouliJ, or would not come. Especially the 
ladies, I should mention that these guests 
to whom Sir Hugh att^^nded, were slm Iowa; 
imaginary giiesta to whom he would lutrcH 
diicc you, with all the formality imaginable,** 
" Was Sir Hugh imbecile ? *' 
"No" replieil Mr. Katrelle. "On th« 
contrary. He was au extremely able man 
to tho last, and his language in converwittoa 
was of the most vivacious and polished dii^ 
racier. Sir Hugh was the very opposite to 
a hire ; even at one of his ghost diniwr 
parties, or ghost balls, or ghost bn^akfaatl^ 
at all of which I have been and acted.'* 
"Uow acted!" 

"Sir Hugh would point out to mo the lady 

whom I WHS to coniluct to the table, and would 

appoint the place of every one at the board. 

Stmnge to say, every lady or genlleiuaa 

guest, whose name he mentioned, waa dead. 

That Sir Hugh, in his imagination, saw them, 

there could he no donbt. The servants, of 

course, Lnrooured this odil fancy of their 

master's, and wailed on hia imaginary guesta, 

aa tlioogh they had been living flesh and 

blood. I, too, used to humour him, by addi*esa- 

ing Lord George This, or Lady Mary That^ 

across the table. Sometimes, Sir Hngh 

' would sit at the top of the long table, and 

I put mo at the bottom, and at tliat distance, 

' :ujd iu a tune appropriate Co the disi^uce, 

invite me, in my turn, to take wine with 

I him. No gentleman ever did the honour of 

the table with more grace and beaxing, whilo 

' his flow of witty anecdote waa unceasing 

and never stale or tedious. Curit'iudy 

enough, he would frequently tell very ama«- 




[ABfut i\ imj.i 1£9 


\ne Btoi-iea, which hfld for their burden the 
deluiiiaua of itisaoe persona." 

*• But diJ juu never hear the carridKes 
oonte Kiitl go, AuJ the uiuaic ? " euqtiired Mra. 

"^That e&rriageBl what mualol" said 
Mr. Kstrelle. 

"The carriftges which brought the guests, 
Asd the music to which thcj d:>iiced.'* 

•* Never ! I never Raw nor heard anything 
of the kind, but Attributed all that ocouiTed 
to Sir Uugh'a niaducaa. It was the only 
point U|>oii which ho was mad." 

Mr. KHtriille was astounded when he hoard 
Cnrai the Walderbttrna the parliculara of tlie 
noiseit which were heard on the lirat nii;ht of 
their iicci)|taucTof the mauaioii. It whs ngreeil, 
however, that the »tory ehoold nut gain cur- 
rency, insonnich aa it woidd not only create a 
coniniotum in the neighbonihooJ, but lessen 
the value of the pro]terty, perhaj«. It waa 
further arranged, that, in llie evont of the 
diailuwy vehicles again visiting the uiausioD, 
"iAr. Eatrelle shuuld bo sammoneil. 

aion, when Ihey had an evening party of tlieir 
own frionda, tlie ghosts thought j^rojwr to 
join it, aud two-thirds of the laOica iu the 
room hinted. 

It now becaiae notorioiit% throughout the 
eouiilT, tkat CarlvIUc waa haunted ; und,fn>in 
that timt, the mansion w^aa locke<l up and 
left eutirely to sliaduWH, and spidej-s. Three 
or four tlnKii it wna put up to auction, hut 
no one wuukl make auythiug like a bid fur 
it. Ao eininvnl builder waa once S4;nt down 
to inspect th* house aud report upon It. Kir, 
\VallerbDni juuior nccoiopanied him. The 
cnitnent builder nfe once discovered the caiiM 
of the ttuiaes. It waa as " uloiu aa a pike- 
»lnfl," he said. *'The portico attracted a 
ttlrouiv current of air, which i^asaed rapidly 
through it, and hence &c." The portico waa 
pulled down. But the iuTi&ilde ghosts canio 
IIS usual. AH the drains on the preiiiisea 
were then opened and exanuned under the 
Bupei'vision of the eoiiuent builder. 'I'here 
waa not a single rat or mou^e or other aniuml 
to be found iu them. Then the emiueut 



Six weeks passed away and not a sonnd i builder said, ** it must bo the trees by which 
was heard, save sounds uit which everyone the mansion waa auri-ouudeJ," iuid those 
could account; when, one night at half-past i stately elms and venerable ouks, which bad 

^* ' - --- *' ' » — T ...I ..:.. teen planted iu the reign of Henry the 

Eightli, were cut down and sold for limher. 
liut the gliosis vihitcd CarlvUle, uevertheless. 
'J'he knocker waa then ramoTed j then the 
door and the windowa, and the remaining 
articles of furniture carriotl away. To no 

»^..r, there came that loud aud .. — 

rapping which bespeaks the arrival of some 
important personage. The ^Vnlderbuni 
&mily. who where all in the drawing-room, 
Inroluutarity starled. 'Hie lady of tlic: house, 

▼ery much agitated, rang the bell. The _ _ _, , ^ 

footman, pale and trembling, eutcrod the . purpose. Hio aauio noises were distinctly 
room, and waa requested to open the hall door, licard. The land was now suld sepanitely, 
Tliis he refused to Jo, unleRS acconipanied by ^ and the mauaiou, which Mr. Walderburn 
aotue one. Mr. Waldtrbum aud hia suns ^ would not have pulled down, was sutTered to 
went with him. There was no one at the go to ruin. 

door ; but the rustling of silk dresses was 
■gain heard and the other noises which h;iye 
bwn alrea<ly dcscribeih A gi-oom was dis- 
natcheil to Mr. Kuti-elle. iie came and 
lieanl, aa distinctly aa every one else did, a 
repetition of what occurred on the 6rat night, 
when the unseen ghosts looked in upon the 
WalJerhum family. 

About three years ago I waa in the ueigh- 
bouihood of Carlville, the place of which I 
had so often heard the WulderlmmB speak, 
Curiosity prompted me to )»ay the pUcs a 
visit. I rode over in the cnrnpony of a 
friend, and on my way recounted to him the 
facta above narrated. To my aurpriHe, I 
found the ruin peoploiL Several poor fami- 

People may not believe in, or be afraid of i lies hail taken up their aUxle within thou 
gho«ls, nevertheless it is far from pleasant ' walls. I asked tliem if ih^y ever saw the 

ti' '; ' * .1 house where airy nothings take 
r iIl'S wilh the knocker, nud whose 

Ti^ all calculation. Mr. Wahlerhurn 
Uierefore determined on leaving CarlviUc.aud 
advtrrtised the property to be let. Ue was 
too cotiMcieutioua, however, to do so, without 
infomiinga tenant whopropoaed, of the cause 
why the family vacated so very desirable a 

Notwith?!tanding this great drawback, aa 
H was cnlte<l, the manaion waa let to n 
Mr. Southdown: a gentleman who laughed 
to acorn the idea of a house being hanntol, 
and who was so confident of the WaMerburn 
fiiraily being under a delusion, that he t*>ok it 
on leajie for three years. The Soalhdowns 
oerupieJ it, however, for only four month*. 

ghosts? They replied : — "No, but we aome- 
limea hear 'em blaiu enough. HowaVver 
they never meddle with u», nor us with _ 
them." ■ 

" And the music 1'* I ent^uired. 1 

" Yes, and very pleasant it is on a wtnter*s 
evening, or a summer's either," rc^[iondo«I a 
dark •eyed young woman with a child la her 


IS TWO CHArrER-l. — L'rtAPTETl TlIE riuOT, 

It wttii at a very early perioti that Pi 
became, what it baa ever eince remained, tho 
uetroplia of gaati-ononiy, or — as Bob Fudge 
calls it — "the head quarters of prog." Whea 


Of course, they offered to pay the rent, but Father BouavcntureCahitagirone,lheGene 
five in it, they would uol ;— lor on one occa- 1 of the Cordtdiera, and one of the negoli*t« 

KO U«CMi », W7-1 



of the ppiiee of Vervina, retumeJ to Itnly, be 

couM speak of nothing ela?. His onljr re- 

membrnnce was of the ronsl meats of the 

Ku*> t\e In Hi)'-})cUo,riiidof tlie iCue aux Ours. 

SauvaI, the historiftu It'll* us, that when 

Father Bonaveiitiire was quia^tloueJ about 

tha plejuures of Paris, he rai»e<l hta eyes to_ 

Ueaven, and, witli expamliuz iiOBtrila ai if i Ainungtit lh»iu wtre Fay^iault, Flechiner, 

the flavourwaantill there,excTiuiuotl : "Truly Mignot, and the illustrious KAgiiencaa. The 

those roasts are a stupendous thing." The, tbre«fir«tarenjentioueJ itihightenuaofpraiM 

Yenetiun Ambriasador, Jerome Lippomauo, in a book called the Commoile de:3 Adte-sses 

ivho visited Unris in the year fifteen iiundred | (a sort of cook's almannc), written by one 

selves, aa Rabelais says, " by eating their dry 
bread before the cook's orena, ami finding 
the Hiuell of the roast meat a most uivotiry 

The miiUers of r.i;:oftttf producrd, two centn- 
riea ag-i, namfaaaeeleUi-ated aatbnaeof Felix, 
Lcsuge, Carftinc, ami others of our own time 

and seventy -aeven, has led a eiiri'jm account of 
the nioile of living in that capital in bis time. 
"Paris," he writes, '' cont-'iiua, in abundauct', 
everything that can bedft»iiei!. It iaaninirket 
for all cinintries, and provisions are carried 
thither from every part of France. Thus, 
although ita population is numberleaa, nothing 

Abridiam du Pradel, who says: **JI. Fag- 
nntilt, cHquire of the kitchen to bis ITighneaa 
the Prince, make.n excellent ragoA's, which 
he sells to persons of taste. In the same 
degree is the Sieur Flechraer, who liv*s in 
the Hue Saint Antoine, at the comer of Saint 
Piiul, He eclU large quantities of fine 

is wunting tlifi-u : wliatever is required aeemai brioches (light cakes, atill extant and well- 
aa if it UiW from the skies. The price of, known), whieh ttie ladies take In their drives 

provisions is,nevertbeU«s, nitiier high ; fur, to 
Hpcok the tnilb, the French l.iy out money 
on noihlni;; so willingly as on eatnig, au<I what 
they call nuikiug good cheer. On this account 
it U that butuliera, cooka, poulterers, and 
tavcrn-kcf'perd are to be met with in such 
uunibers that they create a general confusion : 
tht.>re is no street of any pretension that is 
not fillfd with them. At any time, in any 
place, live animats and raw meat are to be 

to Yincennes. The Sieur ^f ignot, Uue ile la 
Uarpe, has not only a high reputation for 
pastry, but also for all kinds of roguAt!^ 
oeiiig a patissier-traileur," The memory of 
the Sieur lliguol liaalvion prcaerve*! by more 
distinguished writers than Du Pradel; for 
Tloileau baa deigned to abase his 8.'iuces j^Qd 
Voltaire has imlignautly denied an attributed 
relationship with the iamous pastry-cook. 
Of the great Raguonena something more is 

bought, and you may get anything you like hnown. liis shop, situated In the Kue Saint 

drest in lees than half an hour, for any 
number of guests : the rtjliaseur supplies the 
flesh and fowl, and the pAtissier, the pat- 
ties, tarts, on trfiea, saucew, and ragoflta. You 
may dine at the cabarets at any price you 
mny choose to name ; being aerveu accord- 
ingly, whether at one or two tesLoons ; at a 
crown, at fuur, six, or even twenty crowns a- 
head if you please. But for the last named 
sum there is notliing you may not command ; 
even, I doubt not, to the extent of ninnna 
soup, or a roasted phnenix. The princes and 
the king himself, often dine at these places.** 
The pnatrycooka, always played a con- 
epbuoua part in Parisian gaatronomy ; 
sparing neither labour nor invention to 
hei^liteu the attractions of their wares. 
L'Estoile, who vrrote in the reign of Charles 
the Ninth, describes them aa setting out 
their pnstry, in the summer, in large open 
ovens which perfumed tlio streeta ; while, in 
viuter, they made a display in the windows 
of their shops of sugared patties, eriapcakea, 
marchpane, made of [leeled almonds seasvned 
with half of their weight of sugar and 
i!avnured with rose water, and tarts of musk 
and amber, which ooata as much aa twenty- 
five crowna a-piece ; there were eakea, too, 

Honorfi, between the Rue de I'Arbre Seo 
and the Palais Royal, wna the resort of all 
the poets, comcdiaus, and tipplei-a, who be- 
longed to the neighbouring theatre, or 
frequented the CroKs of the Trahuir. Oildly 
enough, Ragucnean, preferred the cualom 
of llie two former classes to that of the 
latter, for though their coin was scant they 
possessed the gift of the gab, and he waa 
quite content to hear them talk nnd reoeira 
p.\ynieot for his long bitU iu orders fur the 
Comfidifl Fran9ai8e, whither he went jor- 
ously to applaud Mondory or MoUure. If 
evil commuiiii-ations corrupt good manners, 
relations with liteniry men will aomettmet 
make p^ta, and by dint of frequenting the 
theatres aiid listening to the outponnnga 
of the Muse, Ragueneau himself became & 
rhymester ; only this must be observed that 
while liis patties were excellent, Lis renea 
were detestable. 

The functions of the patissiers and rOtia- 
fienra of Paris assimilated them in many 

Earticnlars to the tavern-keepers; the rooms 
uhiiid their ahops being used for all the pur- 
poses to whicli those of the cabaret-s were 
turned. It is unnecessary to dwell upon tills 
subject, but sufficient may be inferred from 

steeped in hypocraa and sVufTcd with fruit, i the proverbial Raying, applied to the women 
and immense pies (so nivist the grasses | who frequented tlie |)ati;i.<ierfl opeidy : " CUe 
pieces de four be translated), crammed a honte bue; elle a pas.s£ par devant Pbuia 
full of sweetmeats^ pistachios, and citrons, du pltiasier." (She has drank of ahnme ; stie 
which pleased the eye by their colour, haa entered by the p.a«try -cook 'a door). The 
arid gmtitied the senao of smell by their 'cooks themselves bad their share in thia 
oJour. The poor were fain to content them- 1 accosationj and they were obnoxioua to 



nfmmiA sn oibcr lafiecta. ntoa, thej were , 
prabsbitad bf Uw fntai coUing off the oocdIm 
cf aU tadkm In onlcr to awke them |i*m iM* \ 
m^am^ Tlwj were obB^ed to e&p the emn eft 
iamm nkkiiK tb& thej might not be aua- ' 
tikea lorviUaoe^aMltocatthetlLraftUof 
thdr JameeUe dodu to otaUish m tuuiUr 
dSMlaetioiK. Tbej were aho oxaprllrd to sell 
thmr nbUte with the boide on, ** in order,"* 
taiA the onfinnaoe, ** th&fc cats mi^t not be 
•oU in their steuL** If it chanced, bowerer, 
IB vpite of the roTml edict, that a rOliaeear ; 
MttmI Qp a cat for a nbbit, and was detected, 
■a oU parliaawntarx decree coodenuied the 
ndprit to make pobUe amciKbi, by eoing ' 
Sa Uie middle of the day to the banks of 
the Srloe. tiU'l throwing the skiuocd and 
deeai^talcd grimalkini into the river, willi 
Cbia oooreMOD uttered in his loudest voice : ' 
"Good people, it would itot have been niv ' 
iMit, or that of my treacherous eanees, if, 
Hie tern cate joa see here bad not been 
tafcen for booeat rabbita.** 

Witbuut rnjoving the best reputation, the 
CBbaz«Cs of Suitit Cloud had a rtmarkable 
edebritj. They were called boUlc-houa«8 
(ttaMtt* d« boat«U1e), and tlie moat faiiiuiu 
aaaoogat them was that kept by Ia Duryer, 
tvDDwaed for generosity ami charity, axid for 
■a extnuirdinaiy exploit performed on a mc- 
momble oeouuoa. la, Daryer was a lutire of 
Moua, in Ilainault, from which place she had 
be^n tnk'?n, when quite a girl, by Moosienr 
£' ; who made her a sutler. It wna a 

p appoiutment; botLa Durycr felt 

elei^iially grat*:fu] for it, and devoted Lerself 
beaurt and aoul to the Bvrviee of S.»iDl Preuil, 
whose hooKkeeper she aUo became ; ecouo- 
xoiaiog hia uieamt, supplying him with all the 
■K»ey afae could acrajw U)gether,aDd receiving 
▼err often as her only reeompeow harsh wonU 
totd hard blows ; both of which she enJure.l 
without a munnur. lu the course of time, 
Siint Preuil obtained high military prt>- 
moUoD, and was made Governor of Arras. 
There was no long>fr aor occasion for her to 
contiuae in the butling line, or in his service ; 
and she l«ft U^th, to e^luMiah au inn at Sjiiut 
Cloud, marryiug a poor but rexpeciable man. 
Her new calling Buurijihed amazingly ; and, 
at the end of a few years, she i>0i»tii'aed the 
finest cabaret for thirty leagues round Paris. 
la the mtdjtt, however, of Ia Duryer'a pros- 
perity, she was informed that her old pro- 
tector, Saint Preuil, hafl impruJently mixed 
birasc-If up in ihe conspiracy of Cinq Mam 
And De Thon againtttt'iirtJiiial I-ticheheu ; and 
that, like them, he hiid l>een arretted, con- 
demned, aud taken to AmieiM for execuiiuu. 
Kvihing could restrain La Duryer : she shut 
tip her cabaret ani set off at once for 
Amiens. She arrived there to view the 
populace iu the m&rkel-nlnce clamouriug fur 
the head of the CanJiuars victim. Tim poor 
creature, involved in the crowil, was canie-l 
by it to aud fro, uulil she reached the very 
foot of the scalfold. Buiaiug bar eyee^ she 

beheld Saint Preuil stantiiDg be«ude the axe, 
p&Ie bot composed ; his nMk was bare ; 
Wis hands were tied behind his back, and hie 
ri^t foot rested noon the' bloody block. Ia 
Duryer tried to call out to him ; shcstraiued 
ben«lf to her full bvight, extended her arms, 
and made couutleas cCrt>rte to attiact bla 
attention, but in rain : the no:ei! and cuu- 
fusion drowned her voice, and prvveaied 
Saint Preuil, who was buneJ in a reverie, 
from perceiving her geitaree; The execu* 
lioner mule a movrmeut to pick up (he ax<^ 
Saint Preuil stepped back, and La Duryer 
lost Eight of him, while, a few moments after, 
a louJ cry anw« from the people, and t^>me> 
thing heavy fell upon the scjinuld, whioh waa 
followc^l by a rush of blood. The Iktal 
blow had fallen ! La Duryer slagx^red at 
fir^t b«ue.-kth the eflect!t of her grief nnd 
terror, then su>i>ietily ri-gatning courage, aho 
flung her^lf on the steps of the scaffuM, and 
U)out:ted liirm at a Iwund. llie executioner 
was iu the act of raising the immeusv basket^ 
in which he had placed the body of S«int 
Preuil ; the lid gave way, an<l out fl<:w the 
victim's he:iil, which ruUt^ at tlie feel of Lk 
Duryer. She did not shrink fi-om tlie lior- 
rible sight — her hour of fear hatl |i«lsi — but, 
8toopt>ig down while the exccutii>uer's back 
was tamed, ^e seized the bead of hvr former 
master, covered it over with her apron, and 
lia^tily gli'liag from the scaflultl, wit« evoa 
lost from sight in the narrow slreets of 
Araieua. She did not return to Saiut C'loud, 
until she hud caused the head of Saint Pieuil 
to be emlvtlmed, and bad erealetl a Bpleiulid 
tomb to his memory. Notwillislniidiiig nil 
the pains she took to conceal the part she 
had acted, tiru atlveiiture becuue geuendly 
kuowu. Uer name was everywhere men* 
tiune^l in tenusof the highest praiw, aud hrr 
cab.iret became more firequeuted thau ever. 
" If I were curious on such a subject," writes 
Fureti^re, ** I should like to knvw how m.^ny 
turkeys were eaten on a certaiu lUty at Saint 
Cloud, at La Duryer's." More, without 
doubt, thitu at all the rest of the bottle- 
houses iu the neighbouring villager, put to- 

The taverns of Paris have witnessed or 
given birth to many a tragic drama. It was 
from one of the lowest of the cI-um that 
Knvaillac issued ou the day when he mur* 
(leru^l Kiug Henry the Fourth, armed with a 
knife wliich he had Htoletu Arriving in Purts, 
somewhere about the tenth of May, ttixteea 
huuilri^l aud ten, with tlio crowiU who were 
attrttcted thither by the f£tea which were 
given on the occasion of the queen's coro- 
nation, ilavnillac ronmed about the sli-eeta, 
vainly endciivuiiriug to liud a loJjjitig- Near 
the Hoepiud of the Qtiiuxe Viu}>i in the 
kue St Houor6, he eutered a small tuvem, 
iu the hoiie of meeliug with accomiuudar 
tiou ; white the servnut, whom be Imd lui- 
<]re»sed, was making iuquirr of her musteri 
be seixed A large pointed Vmh), hid it under h ' 

199 U^FMt »,»?.] 



clonk, mnd, being iiefuseJ the lodgiDg he 
Bnu*jlitf went out again into the street 
Woiiileribg along the Hue St. Bottor6, he 
came to the region of the Butt« O^'O 
of St Roch, where a number of low »nb- 
nrb&D tavvms were clunt*Teil, and, ktioclc- 
iug ftt the door of tlio Three Pigeotia, he 
ohtaiiie*! ntlmittAnce. ITere he reruaii.e>l till 
llie niomiiig of the fourteenth of Mbv, when, 
heftring of the king's iiituii'liMi viait to lliu 
Anwnikl.he jilaiited litmsulf in the n&ti-owest 
part of llie Rue St. Honorc, close to the Rne 
de la Ferroncrie, and mounting one of the 
large stone-poils that stood against the wall, 
|)er|>titnittfd the crime which the Jesutta had 
au Iniig inatignted. 

lixHMldi'le inns were scflroelj safe places 
when scenes sach as ttiftt whicli is related by 
tJiu Duke de Suint-Siuiou, were enacted in 
tliem : The Vatteville family, says the 
hiHtorian, is one of rank in Fiuiiche Comt6. 
That (uemlier of it of whom I have to speak 
became a Qirthusiau monk at ao early age, 
and after mitkinghin profession, was ordaiutid 
a pi-iusU Ho wan a mnn of aliility, but of a 
licenliotts, inii>ationt dispoailion, and be soon 
repented the ohoiee he had made. Ho re- 
solved to fly from it> and siKweeded by 
degrees in providing IiimMelf with a seL-uhir 
dress, with money, pistols, and a horse. But 
tlio sujH'rior of the order, opening the 
door of V'niteville*:! cell with a master-key, 
fuuntl biru iu his disgnisc, standing on a 
lailder, about to otFect his escape. The 
Prior called out to the monk to descend, 
on which Vattevnie coolly turned ronnd and, 
drnwitig oat a piwto), it)iut his superior dead 
on the lipot. lie sualed the convent-walls, and 
wait seen there no more. He choiie tlie most 
tinrrei[Ui;iited roada ; and, on the second day 
after tlie murder, halted at a lonely inn, 
where, huring dismounted, he culled the 
host and demanded, what he had in the 
houtie tu eat ? 

The ninu replied :—*' A leg of muttou and 
a capon." 

"Good" said the unfrocked monk, "put 
tbem both ou the spit." 

The host remonstrated, saying they were 
too much for one person's dinner ; to 
which Vatteville angrily replied, that he 
meant to pay for what he orderetl, that he 
had appi^tite enough fur two such ilitmers, 
and that it would hu jaal ns well to make no 
ohjeiTtioiia. The terrified host submitted. 
'While the tnivcllei's enormous meal was 
roasting before the fii'e, atiother horseman 
arrived, who also called for dinner. The 
host, pointing to tlie spit, tuM the new- 
comer there was uotliiug but what he saw 

" Very well," said the stranger, ** a part of 
thai will do for me, an<l I will pjiy my share." 
Ths host shook bis head and Uild him why 
he did not dare to give him any. On this 
Hie stranger went up-HLaira tu the room 
where VatteviUe waa^ aud civilly requested 

fiermiaaion to dEne with htm, paying, of coarse, 
lis proportion. He met with a cTiurlvsh re- 
fusal. High words arose, and Vatt«ville put 
an end to the duApute by shooting the travel- 
ler as he hnd shot the Prior. The honsa 
was at once in an uproar; but Vatteville 
quietly went dowu-stairs, ordered the dinner 
to be serve I. ate it up to the last frngmtnta, 
paid his reekt>ntng, and then motinltd bis 
li'»rae and rode off. He found Franco too 
hot to iKfld him, succoed<nI iu escnprng from 
the country, n-aclied ihe frontiers of Turkey, 
.'Uid tliere, assuming the turban, fini>^hed his 
cai-eer in the military seirvceof the Sultan. 

These tavern i^uarrels were the commonest 
occurrence*. Through one of them the cclc- 
bmted Marshal Fabert nearly lost his life. 
In the month of March sixteen hundred 
and forty-one, a jwriod fertile in the most 
scandalous duf^ls, when the [ife of a man 
was accoimtfd of no more value than that 
of a dog, tlie marnhnl was travelling i>o«t, and 
stopped to rest his horses at Clermont In 
the BejiuToisis. About two o'clock in the 
morning, the Count de Raiitzau, Dcphew 
of the maralial of the same name, and a 
cafttain of cavalry, named lisqnenay, eut«r%U 
Faber*(i bed chamber, and began to dance 
about the room and tnake agreatdistnrlKuiGe. 
Fftliort, awakened by the noise. callt?d out 
to them from his bed: ''Geiith'inon, yoo 
must l>e aware of the customs of these 
hou&ea ; thia room is mino, there are others 
in the hot«l, and 1 beg of you to select oue 
of them for ymir auius^'iiieut'*.'* 

"Sir," replied Riutzau, "you may go to 
sleep if you cau. For my part, I mcjtii to slay 
where I am nnd i)o just as I please." 

Fabert, irritated at thiii insolent rej 
jumped out of bed ; and barefooted ^ 
lUidiesseil as he was, seize>l bis awonl to 
drive out Iho intruders. II:liiI/.j4u and Inque- 
nay both drew at the name moment, au<il 
{•ot the mnrsh:d between them iu such a 
{.Hjiiilioi), that he couhl not atiike at one 
without bein;; wounded by the other. A 
bb>ody combat then took ittoce, and the 
people of the hotel, alariueJ by the uoi««y 
ni^thed up-stairs anddisnrmed Laqnenay, who 
stood near the door. At the same moment, 
Fabert, though pierced by fourtcon woundi% 
milled upon Rantzau, and seiziiijr him ronnJ 
the body, threw him on the floor, and holding 
the point of his sword to his tbrot^t^ cnej 

" Tl-II mo your name, you scoundrel, or I 
will kill ^ou on the s|)ol'* 

Reoeiving no answer, he was about to exe- 
cute hin threat, when the boat exi.'l»imed : 

" I know Iiim, Monsieur de Fabert ; hit 
name is lUntzau." 

On liearini this, the young cotint was tn 
despiur. " Whiit have I done 1 " he cried ; 
" bo'.ter for me tbut I bad been dead I ** 

But Mai-shal Fiiburt was as generous aa 
he w.-ia bravo. "Make haite and beijoue, 
young man," li« said; "aud endeavour to 


avoitl tlie pimislimeiit which is due to aiwns- 
HitiK." Tlie (loom were doseil, (ind nn aniiKi] 
Nm-e Uml been setii for tu iirrtM tlie gtiilt; 
piir. Fuliert eutj^eateil the lioat to favour their 
ifS>-ftpe, but be reruH«d at first to ilo so, aad 
it wu oiiIt at the rH|ienteil tiistiuices of tlie 
mamhal tFmt tliey were nUowetl lo depart. 
Evetitufttly, when Fjibert li.ij recovered from 
hU woiitiilK, he soliciivil aod obtalatd their 
pnnlon from the kiufr. 

lu the time of iXais the Tliirtcenth, the 
mo4t celebinte.l triwrua tii Piiri« wei-e the 

Tlio owner of this cabnret, whose name w.w 
Gruuvn, soon lunde a fortune, and bia moii, 
wlm iwgTin hi« career as a waiter, ended it iia 
a roan of vaat wealth and iraiwrUmcc. 

Tbe great noblemen of the Court hud aUo 
their place of pnnlilectiou. Tliia wan the 
caburel of La Bolsnelii^re, near the Louvre. 
It bore no apocial ti^n, being well enoui;li 
known by iier name. Slie wjia a very 
beAutiful woman ; and, those who dttied 
there had to pay for it — a dinner at her 
house costing five times as mucb lu at any 
olhor tarern in Fkr!«. At the cibaret of L:i 

cabaret of the Fnx in th*; giirdt-n of Tiiilfriea ; 

tb*l rif the Kirii? Air, ne^r the Lnxt iiibnr|Z ; IJoiiweliiiro (long after bcr death) the coor- 

tlie tareni i^allt-d the CroRci of the Trrthoir, tieni of Louis the Fourteenth dranic the 

faninim for ils^f nmacnt wine, and the best vin de Beaune, a wine which woa 

cab»ret uf the Three Ouldnn Hri<l<^H, at brought into faihion by that king, as slierry 

which tlie p'>et La Si-rre wiped oat a long was b}* George the Fourth, and for much tlte 

•con*, — Aft Lambert, the singer, had done 
b«fure him at the Croas of the Trahoir, — 
by marrying the tavcni-I<eeper'a daughter : 

same reason. Tho Grand Mouarqiie having 
fallen siL-k, Fugon, bis doctor, who was a 
li'irgundian, ordered hiru to drink Beaune 

the Inxt resource of neeily topers. It was instead of the wines of S)>ain or Ittly, and 

from the «i)»iret of the F"X thutCvrano do thenceforward all other wiue was d«tpi^ : 

Bergerne, the eek-biuttd iloidliat, wiiose long for the saiue slavish reusoii, tlm coorliera 

uose was seanied with sc-irs, sent out thcit, would have nwalhiwiNl ditoli-WHtfr without a 

Taanting challenge, prohibiting llie whole grimace. In a curious cotlet^tioii iutuuled 

humaik race frnni bi-tng ulive wiihin three UrtcueildHpJus Excellwutj* BalictadeceTempa 

days under the |>enalty of fivlling beneath his (a.d. sixteen hundred and twelve), a nubU* 

rapier. La Cio)\ de Lorrdne (Tite Cr<>ss luiin's bill of fitre at La IIoii»seliOre's is amply 

of Lormiue) wms the moat eelebnit^nl set out in do^gerrl verse, in wlilch the d sbcs 

eaharet in Pitri>t,nnd dnletl,asilrinaniuinipl>es, are marshalled more accurdtog to the exi* 

from thri dnys of the Lengne. It was a liimnt gencies of the rhyme thitn thd natural order 

of the poeLi, and Molidre and Hoili-au were of sueces-sion. Two liiin<lrcd livrcs a-wcok 
fn-(|uent visitors there; as ^1 Ch:»|>ullo, the ' apjtears to h:ive been the est of minttor and 
ntirieal rival of Drsiironux, he was seld.iiu ] man, for the exisleuca of the lackey wna 

to 1»« foutidrlsevvhere, and was genei'iilly half- always mfrged in that of the noble. The 

■caa over. Lut. it was not to drink that the most (Mnstauti visilor to the eabaivt uf La 

roelnncholy Mnlii}re and the sprijhtly I)oi- Doisselidre, in the reii^n of honU the Four- 

leau went t** the tavt.'rns ; tlu-y were both teeulh, was the Murquta d* Uxeile*, a mMU of 

•.bnlemious men, who lived aluirint on a regi- high family, a soldier of great meiit, Hud a 
men. The ob-ervttnt gathered * tippler of euormout} capacity, who would wlll- 

thare the materials of ranny a comic trait ; ingly fore-jo every other I'ujoyment for a 

tha fihi^wd eatiri^^t found an autliencc at all 
tiinea for his s|mikling verse. The favourite 
taveni of Kitcine was Le Moutoii Bhinc (The 
White Sln'e|i), kept by ilie widow IJerrin. 
near tlie ceuietery of Saint. Tohn, nith Bi>ile;ui 
and the Advocate lirilhac for hiscomi-- luona. 
This house, or rntlKT its si'.:u, is Raid to be 
■til! in e^intenw, ti-anaferred fi*om the ceine- 
tery to the Idie de la Verrerio : it shoutil, 
of all othera, Imi the place for drinking the 
MoutoD chiivt, which la now bo much in 
voLTie. La Tcte Noire (The Itlnck Hea-I) 
and !<•.• Dtalde (The Duvil^reminding us of 
our own Cen Junson and his joyous crew), 
Were aUo honoured by tho presence of the 
git'at i>o-U. But the most ilUfttrtous C5*haret 
of the |>et iiwl, the true liu-nu-y tjivern, wim 
unqucstiuiial-ly La Pomme do Pin, in the Rue 
Licorne, lu the ciiy quarter. It was there 
that Cliapelle was enthroned every night, 

carouse. The minister Louvuia one day sent 
him the muL'hcjveted deconitlon of the blue 
ribbon. "Olfer my ih.itiks to Lonroiav*' 
sjud (he marrpiia to the miitister's messenger^ 
*' but tell him at tho Kime time ihat 1 shall 
refuse the order if I am expected to give up 
the cabaret." LouvoU Bmih-d at the uiexsjige, 
but paid the marquis off by appointing tho 
Count d* Unreour^ a notorious diiiukord, to 
bestow the knightly accolade. 

Bei^ides those nlrea4ly mentioned, two other 
houseai, cilted Ikpucingoand IJiOoerbois^were 
noted. Buucrngo is iiumorialised in the verse 
of Bcdlcan, as being famous for the Sauce 
Hubert (which give* sucit piquancy to p>rk 
culleU) ; fltid the wiue of Aueout, manufiio- 
turcd by himself, and sold at fifty aoos a 
bottle, was preferred to Uie genuine kind. 
The cabaret of Ijh Guerbois was the hea«l- 
quartera of thesiniiirig clubestabliiiheil \u the 

■urronndeil by a brilliant circle, amongst quarter of Sidnl R<>ch ; and Laiuex, the ana- 
wfaom hi* »it shone the brightest. There ' creontic fmet, who wrote a long poem aiUc4 
wnM no Parisian with any pretension to lite- \ Tlie Corkscrew, and lived clow by, waa a con- 
rftluro who did not go at least iwi.:e a-week ' staut guest. It wns a treat house for tlie 
to the Fir-eone to get tipay with Chapelle, ' lawyers aud financten^ who drauk decj^Iy aod 

l&l lAatm 1». IM7.} 




paid welL Amongst the former wan a presi- 
dent of one of the coiirta, of whom Meuage 
(who snpprtfssea bis name, only giving the 
initliJ letter) saya, ** When thia good fellow 
began to feel the efl*ecU of his wine, it gave 
him so much pleasure that, in order to re^ 
member to get dmnk again next day, be 
stuck pins into the »let;v« of his coat.*' 

To La Guerbois aUo came the celebrated 
fanuer-general, M. de Bechamel, Morqaia de 
Noiutel, who has bequeathed his mime tu gaa- 
tronomy. It was, we are told, enough to re- 
awaken tlie nppetite of the aatiate<l, to see 
the marquis with his lace cufia turned up, 
fire in his eye, and eloquence oti liia li[n, 
arranging with hia o\%ii hands the sauces 
linaucier<4, in which he so akilfuUy combined 
his niushiTioms and spices. Thithtrr, too, he 
was in the habit of sending from his own 
house in the Kno dtL'fl Potiia Champs the 
patties and vol-an-venta which had been ela- 
noratcil under his own eyes, and were eaten 
hot by hiiusclf and frieiuU from the oveua of 
Ia Oiierbnis. There can be little doubt that 
Moliure had M. de Bechamel in his mind 
when he dr«w out the bill of fare which 
Durante, on the authority of DamiSj recom- 
menili to the bourgeois ifentilhomme. M. de 
Bechamel was so foud of his art, that he drew 
up, un>ler the name of liis cook, Lebas, a 
aeries of (.Twlrunoinic precepts in verse, which 
he dedicated to different [Ki-Aoiin of quality. 
He even hud them set to music, and sung to 
popular tunes. For inalAHi*v, his receipt for 
ateasing partridges tiftcv the Spauiiih fashion 
vaa act to the air Fetita oiseaax, raasurez- 
vouA (LitUe birds, take courage), and raa 

" Do Tin, do L*huII« «t da dtroa, 

Coriaudre ct U ri>camb«lt, 

XHn» ee ngnut h I'KspAiruolp, 

Lo tout •Mcmble som botk" 

With the addition of a Spsniah town, to help 
the rhyme, these lines may be thus ren- 
dered : 

"Wild garlic, comndrr, 

Wlih IciQon, oil. uiil wine, 
Fomi the Muco wl>ic)t, Rt SAiiUDdor, 

Makn partridges divinr!" 

He had also a ciillis of cmyfish arranged 
to the tune of Petita nioutous qui ilans la 
plaiue (Little sheep that in the plain), as 
tuliowB : 

** Lea ^crcTiMM bleo pElees, 
Hitonnex-lei datu do boalllon ; 
Jtapttx-y da p*)n qui loit tran, 
Kt que tout*!* Miit bicD p««»^ct,** 

Verse will lianlty help us here, bo take the 
receipt in plain proao ; Pound yuur crayfish 
well, and let them simmer gently in gravy ; 
add a little of the finest bread, and strain 
all carefully through a colander — a very com- 
plete way of obtaining the easenoe of cray- 

Manhal d' Estrfes was as learned in 
wlnee^ as his friend M. de Bechamel in choice 
diahua. Ho it was who first introduced into I 

I the tslmrets of Paris tlie exquisite winea 
whiL'h were made on his estate of Sillnry. 
. His wife always presided, during the vtutrige, 
over the making of this wiut>, while lite 
marshal presided at the drinking. Slllury 
, c1ianipa:;Qe, consequently, bears the name of 
I Vin (le la Mar^i.*h:ile, in honour of the lady, 
and many a toast coiipl<«d with livr name was 
I drunk at the cabaret of La Ouerbois. 
I A curious gastronomic wager was nnee 
decided at this tavern. Priiice Henry of 
'Bourbon, the aon of the Ureal C>md6, was 
. supping there with a number of his frieudsL 
Prince de Conti, who was a tremi^U'lons 
I Ixtre, kept hammering away at one eternal 
I theme, the extraordiitary appetite of his 
bcaffles. " My kennch) absolutely ruin roe," 
j Haiti he ; " I can't t«ll what possesses the di>^ 
but they eat at least a thousaml crowns* 
worth every month ! *' 

" Indeed ! " exclaimed Prinee Henry ; **rU 
bet you anything you please, not oue of them 
can eat at a meal so much as my servant, 
La Giiiche." 

" When we are again at Versiillea," re- 
turned Conti, " I will bock a certain beagle 
of mine against him." 

" Very good ; but in the mean time I 
'should like you to see what the fellow con 
do. Look here; itwillaoon be nii'lnight. I 
I will wager a thousaii-l louis tha' Ln Uniche 
■ eats np the whole of that piece of meal while 
! the clo»:k is striking twelve." Prince Henry 
pointed, as he spoke, to an enormous shoulder 
of mutton that had not been touched. 

"He can't get through half of it," ex- 
claimed Conti ; " it's a bet." 

'*Done!" replied Conti, and La Qoiehe 
was sent for. 

He was a little wiry fellow ; and, when he 
was told of the wager, the grin he gave de- 
velopetl a set of teeth that a wolf might have 
been ]irond of. It want<^d ten minutes Ut the 
hour, and iu the interim Ja Ciuiche ma>le his 
pr I- p'v rations. Ho sealed himself befitre Iha 
slK.iihU'r of mutton, cut every panicle of 
meat viT the Ume, arranged tt in tweh'e i)or- 
tiona, and remained, fork in hand, in an atti- 
tude of expectation. At the first stroke he 
swallowed two of the immense morsels ; at 
the sixth he was one ahead, and took advau> 
tage of the fact to swallow a goblet of vin de 
Beaune which his master handed to liini. 
The ninth stroke smtiided, and the glottoa 
exhibited symptoms of being beaten. The 
Prince de Conti shouted with exultation at 
the prosi>eet uf winning, for ten strokes had 
gone and two pieire-s remained. 

"A hnndred louis for yourself," cried 
Oondfi, "and the stewardship of my hotel in 
the Marais, if you gain the wager! &£aka 
another effort ! " 

La Guiche made a sttperb rally ; he drove 
his fork into the remaining pieces, au<l took 
them in at one swallow ; but he fell on the 
floor, black in the face, and all but suffocated, 
as the clock left olf elriltiiig. 


lAag«« II, l«7.1 165 


1^ too 

■■ IDCI 

"Carry him awav," sauI Condfi. "bimI take 
•very care of Itiru ; lie ehail have the Bt«ward- 
■hip iu)<) tlic Ri<mey 1 " 

La (Jiiiclie obtiuut-'d both; but never, a« 
long as he liverl, touched aiioLher shoolder of 
auttoii. Tbta gluLtoDou8 ndvonturo ia rc- 
tonl«d in a pnmphlet {irioted at UtjoD in the 
Tttir kixtcen hundred nnd iiiDety-thr^o, and 
laliliileU : The a<ltiiirable way of I^ Ouiche 
to nt methodically a joint of niutlon while 
twelve oclock U atrikin^ (L'urt aduiimble 
de la Goiche four manger method it] uemeut 
VD [Qeiubre de moutoD pendaot que douze 
beures aouneat). 

The cabaret of tbe Bona Enfana (Good 
F«Uowe), to which the corned itwa were priu- 
liniUly In the habit of reaortini;, was an ex- 
onJeut house of its kind. 'Mulidt-o used to go 
thertf, with the greater part of his comimny. 
Auiongftt the rwt was Champmealt^, tlie Iiua- 
band of t}ie famous tragedian, whom llacine 
loved and Boileau boa pnus&d with so mucli 
sothusiatMn. The poor man, who ha<l little 
jcftlouiy in his compoailiou, used to drown 
what cares he had, at the Ecus Enfans, in 
CihuDpAgne, which, report said, waa paid for 
bjr Bactne. Even when he had lost hia wife 
•ad KTown old, and uo weallhy friend re- 
Bained to reward his complaisance, he aliU 
coaitnucd to haunt the cabaret, in which, in 
fiwt, he ended his days. One morning, with 
a itronge presentiment upon him, he went to 
the church of the Cordeliers, to order two 
maases to be sung — one for the repose of his* 
mother, the other for that of his wife — anil 
gave a piece of thirty st»us to tlie sacriaUin, 
who obeerved that he had given him ten soua 
too much. "Very well,'* rejoined Cliamp- 
roesl<^, "keep them for a mass for myaell." 
He then left the church, and went back to 
Bous EofanSk He found several frienda 
Ilia seated on a l>ench in front of the 
obaret— 4hey were talking about dining to< 
gether, and C'hampmesl6, joining the group, 
observed that be would be of the party. Tlie 
words were hardly uttered before he fell 
heavily on the ground ; bia friends raised 
bun instantly, but there waa no diuuer fur 
him that day ; he was dead I 

llie ooraediaaa of Paris did not, however, 
limit their patronage to one tavern. Besides 
the Buns Knfanta, they frequented Lea Deux 
Faisauta fThe Two FheasanU), which was 
•truck by lightning and burnt to the ground 
while at tlie height of its reputation ; Lcs 
Trois Mnilluta (The Three Mallets), ami 
L'Ange (The AngeJ), where the indomitable 
CttapcUfl fell into a tipey slumber one evening 
while a tragedy waa being recited in which a 
■insle combat took place, and, waking up 
■ttunenly, the j>oet fancied ho was in a row 
on the Pont Neuf, and, shouting with all his 
might, ran out of tlie house as hist as his legs 
could carry him. The musicians of Faria 
gave the preference to no tavern In parti- 
cular. They drank freely evur* where ; but 
the dancers had their chosen hKality^ which 

waa at the Ep£fl de Boia (The Wooden Sword) 
in the Rue de Vduise ; and whatever member 
of that fraternity was caught tippling else- 
where had to pay a heavy tine. 

The prieatB and monks must not be for- 
gotten. As the proverb went, "The Capu- 
chins drink apnriiif;1y, the C^l^sllns copiously, 
the Jacobins cup for cup, luid the Coideliera 
empty the cellar;" and one thin^ whs spe- 
cially observable in their drinking— they 
never put water in their wine. The iirieats 
iudul^td more covertly, fearing the gibes of 
their porisliioncrH, but that their lips were 
familiar with the flagon is tolerably certain 
from the number of satiiical poenin which 
were made against them. The ecclesitislical 
taverns, so to designate them, were, Le Riche 

' Lilioureur ('["he Rich Labourer), in the en- 
clDflui'c of the Foire St. Germain ; I>a Table 
liohind (Roland's Table), in the Valley of 
Misery (the name giveo to that part of Faria 
wbiub ia now called the Q'lai de la M6gi8- 
serie) ; aiid Le Treillia Veii (The Qreea 
Trellis), in the Rue Saint Hyaciolhe, which 
was the most renowned of any. 

I The learned men of Paris, and those belter 
known as the pedants of the university, di tied 
and airoused at the Cabaret de U Come (The 

' Horn), in the Place Maubcrt, and at the 

' H6tel Sain t-Qt ion tin, in the Rue dea C"rdi»Ts. 

I It was at the Ecu d'Arceut (The Silver 
Oowu) that, ou festival daja, all the 
bacchanaluuia of the Surbouue were wont 
to osHemble to toss off the vin de Beauue 
for which the house was celebrated. It 
was only theu that you could be sure of 
getting the fashionable soups genuine, of 
which Boileau hns given the somewhat iron!* 

I cal recei[it in his third satire. Montmnur, 

^ the learned epicure, famous also for his good 
Mayings, waa the perpetual president of the 
Silver Crown, in which capacity Manage has 
embalmed his memory in a satirical lAlin 
[K>ein, where he reprettenta him si-ated on an 
euoriuous reversed saucefjftu, instructing the 
young cooks in the science of gastronomy, 
Muutmaur was jirufessor of Greek at the 
college of Boncourt; and, when he died, 
search was made amongst his papers fur the 
learned works which he was supposed to 
have written. None, however, wera found ; 
but in their place the seekers dlaoovered a 
treati*e on The Four Me.tU a Day, with their 
Etymology ; and a Petition to the Lieu- 
tenant of Police, requesting him to prohibit 
the tavern-keepers from making use of dishes 
with convex bottoou, which u a manifest 
deception, &e. 

Before I cloae the list of the most noted 
taverns of Paris during the seventeenth cen- 
tury, mention must tw made of two in the 
quarter of the Marais, the moat fashionable 
liwality in the time of I^uis the Fourteenth. 
The hrst of theac^ situated in the street, then 
new, of tile Fas de la Mule, near the Place 
Royale, wss kept by a very h unlsome woman 
muued (Joiltier, and bore the appelJalioaj if 

166 fiicMit. 1^-.] 



not th« Bign, of La Foese aux Liona (The 
Lions' Deii). Ia Coiffier'a wines wore firet- 
mt4>, njiii )i^r <Y>okt-rv fiaj>erb ; licr lioiiEte wu 
alwiiVM fillt'ii with iwojile of qunlity, bat none 
wrnL there more frequently llutn the fat jKtet 
Bjtiiit Amand — a tnn of a nian, Uke FalsutfT. 
TaviTUH were tlie delight of U'xn exiBtence. 
One called ha Perle (The Prarl) aUract*-'! 
him for a very eRpecial n-aaon — the clock 
ntver wont rlj-ht ; it was cithi-r too rIow or 
hail RtoppiMt liltogeUier. Wlien others abusett 
the clock. Saint Aniand took np it* ilelence. 
and Hnally wrote the foltowini; coupltfr, which 
the ninsterof the cabaret caused lo be placed 
beneath it : — 

"Que j'aille bJen, eu roalf U ne t'luipotic pM, 
I*uiM)uo c*»ii« touu» heure eat Dieure dci rtpM." 

Which may be literally, if not elegantly, 

trauBlAted thus : — 

• Wlia: m:tttrr whether fiut or ilow I'm jopgi"!. 
Siiic« cTcrjr hour is hcra the liuur for ^'ro^tiiK." 

Saint Amnnd's death waa characteriatic. 
lie ^'Ave up the ffho^t at a cabaret called Le 
Pttit Mauve (The Little Sea-mew), which ia 
still in exibtcnce nt the comer of the Hue de 
la Marais and the Hue de Seine. He died, it 
ia Baid, with a bottle and glaaii befoi-e htm. 


A HiTNnttKD years ag»i, the induatrious and 
intelligcut anthorof a Topographical Historj- 
of Com wall, Mr. Borlase, Jtacribed, for the 
first time in a book, a seaside aniielide, which 
the Cornish tialienueu called the aea long- 
worm. With a view to encourage men to 
take pains and trouble in searcldiig out un- 
known and undeticriVieil jdaitla aiiJ auiinalH, 
the custom has prevailed t-f counecling the 
nnnie of the diBcoverer with the nnme of the 
plant or auimah Tlie practice bad aomethlug 
Bound and good in it, althouch it has been 
nViominably abased ; Cuvier only gave honour 
wht-ru it was juatly due when he called 
the aen long-worm the Borlasia. Tliere ia, it 
may he reiiinrked, however, only a lM">ki9h 
reminiscence in the Cuvieriaii name, while in ' 
t)ie name of the Cornixh fishermen there ia a 
rude description, a rough word-picture of the 

Mr. Borlase says : "The long-worm found 
nyioa Careg-killsii, in Mount's Bay, which, 
though it might properly cnou^di come in 
iiTuoiig the anguilliform tialies, which are to 
auccef-ti in their onifr, yet I choose to place 
here among the less perfect kind of Bea- 
aniiii.'ds. It ia brown, and atender as a 
wheiLieu reed ; it menained five feet in 
length (and perhaps not at ila full stroteli), 
but SO tender, Mirny, and soluble, that out ofj 
the water it will not bear being moved with- 1 
Out lireakiug ; it h;id the rontractile power 
to such a degree that it would shrink itstdf 
to half its length, and then extend it'self again 
as l»efore." 

Colonel Montagu, an exceltent observer, 

seems to question the nccnmcy of the ncoonnta 
he had received from the Devonshire tisher- 
nien of the length of the Borlasia. Lie says: 

"This species of Onrdins is not uncommon 
on several parts of the south coast of Devon- 
shire, where it is by Bomo of the fishermen 
known by the ver}* applicable name given to 
it in the History of Cornwall. It is indeed 
of BO pro^li^ious a length that it i.<t impotMiible 
to fix any l>ounds ; some of the tisnermen 
«iy thirty yanh*— but perhaps as ninny feet 
is the utmost; those sjiecimenri which have 
come nndt-r our insp^rctioii dht not appear to 
exceed twenty feet, and more commonly from 
eight to fourteen or fifteen." 

The skin is perfectly smooth and oorercd 
with a strong tenacious slime ; the head or 
anterior end is Ui^iaUy more depressed and 
broader tli.'in any other part, but all paiiJi i 
equally allei-ald'e, and in eontinnal eha 
from round to fiat, rising into l»rge swelM 
or protutierances iu various parts, especially 
when touched. 

The expansion and contraction are so un- 
limited lluit it is Bcsircely possible to ascer- 
tain the utnioAt length of this worm. One 
which was estimated to be about eij^ht feet 
long was pnt alive into apirita, and instantly 
contracted to alioiit one foot, at the same 
time increasing double the bulk, \«hich otigi- 
nallv wa.1 about the clianirter of a crow's 
quill. In the vast exertion of the miiaclea 
tlie animal is gencmliy divided at those parts 
which had been twined into knots. 

The French fishermen agree with the 
English in fpving the Borhisia the length of 
a hundred feet After such a concurrence of 
testimony, it would be presumptuous to con- 
tradict observations with reasoniugn. Tliere 
may, however, be error without wilful exag- 
geration. Every child knows the illusion of 
a circle of fire produced by whirling a stick 
red-hot at one enil, mpidly in the dark. The 
long worm is, 1 believe, a uoctum'il nnimal, 
resting Irammil during the day and moving 
chiefly at night. When the fishermen obaervo 
it of a. ishiny night, stretcliing suddenly, as it 
appears, fidy, sixty, seventy, or a huitdred 
fcet^ there may be something of visual illusioa 
in tlie startled and truthful, although incom- 
plete and inaccurate, oVi^ervalions. 

Some of the aavans have given the sea 
long-worm another name, and have called it 
the Nemertes Borlasii. The dictionaries of 
natural historyH.'Lythii) is a mythological name. 
What a worm of the Channel has to do with 
mythology they do not explain. From the 
etymolojty ofthi.HCireek word, however, I fancy 
the man who used it hail a meaning, and knew 
something of the animal. The Kemertes sig- 
nifies thf Never-miaeer— the animal who never 
mitiS4!8 his prey. As there ia something of 
tlie form painted by the name of the lisnei*- 
men, there is somei hing of the character of 
the animal hit off when he is called the 
Ne'er- ]nis.ncr. Boastful bo«)ka abound, d^ 
scribing the fvats of rod and line fishermen, 

Cbalat Dichn* 1 


{A«f«rtll.l»7.1 167 


iut ll"s worm is llie unrivalled, the never" 
missinr, tlic living line nml liook fishor. 
MotiBienr l>umeril, tbe father of th« French 
Daliiraliflls, who first made tliis worm known 
in France, called it un lacet — a lasao, or 
an el&£t(ic nooRC. 

&(inie llrilish natnralists have cnlted thene 
anneliilea, rihlHrn-wormit. And theiie living 
ribbuiis are of all aizea and coloui-s. The 
liurlasia of our itoutliera coajtla is cer- 
\y uot a beautifnl ribbon. A French 
billiner will never reco&imuod it to adorn 
Iho itnknrt luita of the Biitauuic ludies, and 
would aliriok at the fant^y of allying 
it to the little flower-pota worn upou the 
tof^knnlB of Cinltic dames. However, like 
m.iii^ liiiU«h things, our Horhuiia in plain 
but efficient. The ribbons found upon the 
cousU uf the South S«a Iisliimis are of 
a dark brown hue with reihliah atrlpfa. 
Near Hobiirt'a Town, Van Dicuicn'a Lfind, 
Ihera are found Borlaaia of a beautiful 

Euhien yelh>w with brown bands, and a very 
lack narrow stripe running ahuig the bnek, 
Thfre ib also found, upon those shoies, a 
variety with violet brown aides and a white 
line iiloiij; the belly. 'Hie Borlaaia of Port 
Jackson u of & deep bol tle-grerD,with a white 
wavy band across the flat obtuse head. On 
4nch Ktde of the nei-k there is a rp< I pore. Worms 
like 111146 might furnish ribbon patterns 
prtttly enough to be called croquaitt in Parii*. 

llie Bcfl-itide observer upon the south- 
veateni coast of England, whose 2e.1l to see 
■trance beasts baa iodueed him to turn over 
fttoncs with a crow-bar, and forage in 
CTannieA, can acnrcely fail to find the tflrry 
long-Worm near low water-mark. Mr, Cliarlen 
Kingdley describes it grnpbirully in bli 
tilaiicca, when he says it loolu like"a taiT'ri 
ati'iug," and cuils up into *'a hbick, aliiuy, 
Ituotteil lump among the gravel, small enough 
to U) taken up in a dessert b)>ooi)." AVlien 
the C'liU uf the Nt^mertes are drawn out ujiun 
llie hand tt stretches out into nine or more 
feet of a olimy (a]>e of living caoutchouc, some 
Mghtb of an inch in dinmetur, a d^irk, choco- 
I'lack, with paler longiliidinal lineii." 

ohaldy, it is by design that it looks like a 
dca«l strip of seaweed, as it lies in the bolija 
of tlip rocks or under the stones. 

All the observers of this singular worm 
ibave been amazed by the nondcrfnt power it 
fcaa of ctititracting and atretcliin;^ its muscles 
at will, 1>v t>ing or untying itself into innu- 
merable knots. The long-wnnu fjlideD and 
flows in the water by mesna of vibiiitile 
hfurs which are discoverable only by the 
iuicrosco{>e,idLhougti tbev cover the whole of 
it« body. When it wiafiea to change place, 
it Hiivtche^ out its serpent-tike beau and 
grope« for a suitable stoue at Llie distance of 
tifieen or tweuty feet from its previous 
reaideooc. When il has found a comfortable 
BtoDS it windnitHi^ir round it; ami, as uuo end 
is twined upon tlie new stone, the other ead 
is untwined fi-om the old. 

Mr. Charles Kingsley desci-ibes the move- 
ments of the line and hook tiuher, when 
catching his prey, with a vivacity which could 
only have been derived from the direct ol>scr- 
vation of a very obnervant man and an excel- 
lent writer. The little tisli — & gobie or a 
blenny — abfiorl)ed, proVwibly, in tlie chsso of 
shrimps, mistakes the worm forn dead stnpof 
seaweed. So thinks the little Hsh who plays 
over and over it, till it touches, nt last, what 
is too surely a head. In an iuslAot, a bell- 
shaped sucker mouth has fastened to ita side. 
j In another instant, from one lip, a concave, 
double proboscis, just like a tapir's (anuther 
instance of the repetition of forms), hna 
clasped him like a hnger ; and now begins 
'the struggle; but in vnin. He is being 
pinved wiih such a fishing-line as the skill of 
a \Vilaon or a Stoihlnrt never could invent; 
a living line, with elasticity beyond that of 
the moat dvUcate fly-rod, wfiich follows every 
lunge, shurlening and lengthening, alippiu^ 
and twining round every piece of grjivcl and 
st<.'m of sea-weed, with a tiring drag, such as 
no Highland wrist or step t-ouUl ever bring to 
bearonsfltmon or on trout. The victim is tired, 
now ; and hlowly, and yet dexterously, his 
blind BBsailant is feeling and shifting idong 
his eidef till he reaches one end of biiu. 
Then the black lijis expand, and slowly 
nnd surely the curved finger begins packing 
him, end- foremost, down into the gullet, 
where ho sinks, inch by inch, uutll the swell- 
ing, whicli murks his |.l»ce, is lost among 
the coils, and he is prob.ihly macerated to a 
pulp long before he has reached his cave of 
doom, Onoe safe down, the black murderer 
slowly contracts again into a knotted henpi 
and lies like a boa with a stag inside him, 
motionless and blest. 

The instruments of nutrition, like alt 
other organs of this animal, have not aayut 
been 8tU4ned with suflicient accuracy and 
adtiqunto science. Professor de Quatrefanesi 
in bis elaborate nnd strikingly Illustrated 
monogmphy upon the Nemertes, oppvars to 
have lidlen into a grave mititake. One of (he 
mo-^t important difltinctioos in the animnl 
world is the division of animali into animals 
with digestive organs like the anemonecii, 
and animals formetl like all the higher orders 
of the animal world. The distinction between 
the vegetal and animal worlds is based upon 
the abuence or presence of a stomach. Natu- 
ralists, when dealing with the animated 
extPtencea upon the duubtful liordersof these 
worhls, say that the S|>onge for example ia an 
animal, became it bos a digestive sac. 

Colonel Montagu, who ha", during half 
a century, enjoyetf an establislieil reputation 
as an aceumte observer, saw the organ in 
action of which M. dc Quatrefages denies the 
existence. The description he gives of what 
he witnessed wears the impress of reality. 
The structure of tlx' instrument which ha 
describes, is wondei. •, no tluubt ; but it ia 
only a vonder io accordance with all Uie 



tktni a, i<5:.i 

other orprtiiic woD'lers of the oiiimaL Pro- 1 when exhaiuted by fatlj^tie, and the aleep of 
balily enough M. ilc Quntrefitgea conhl not satiafied dlffeation, are all exceedingly like 
dUcover, with liin micr.igc-'pe, in aiwciraena tho boa. Wh^n the bua constrictor swallawa 
dcatroved by alcohol, tho oi^u Colonel his pres', ilia curious to Bee with what tnatha- 
Monliigu wiw in action in the living auimiil. matic&l exactitude he adjusts the Bpine of 
But surely, in this cane, the negntive of the the victim to his spine. I have seen a bo* 
lesrnet) pi'ofeetsor ia valneleM in presence of constrictor |K>unre upon the throat of a 
the aflirmfttive of the colonel; although lie rabbit ; and, after the rabbit was exiiausted, If 
w;is but a colonel. Moat certainly the lailure not dead, the boa changed his hold and 
of the leiinieil profcMor is not 8Utfi<;icntly iadju8te<l Uie head exactry ioto bis mouth, 
decisive of itself to wnrraiit the imagination , which was successively and cotistantly ex- 
of the existence of an aunelide of prodigious panded upon t!ie \xniy of the victim. It 
length, aud yet similar in the «trm:tui-e of would be singular if the Ne'er-miaser of the 
the intestinal canal to the short i«il)pc3 or rock pools eiigulfe<l bis gobie exactly m th« 
the flat anemoniea. ^ sorneut of Ibo furesta awallowa his monkey. 

Nothing is known of the moat important | The sea long-worm haa a great uuml>er of 
partof the nutritive processes of tbe^.'ttlong- . eggs. The ovaries, which ar« placed upon 
worm. His breathing inwtrnroenta bavo not ] the two sides of the i>odv,are very large. I 
aa yet been discovered. IIow his blood am afraid to racntiou the number of egga 
receiTCB oxygen, or, in other wurd», how his which it is calculated may be found in the 
food becomes alive, is entirvl^ unknown. The nvaries of a Neniertes during the seosoa of 
savnns have popped him into alcohol and | gestation ; they are as many as four or 
pulled him to pieces aturwards to find out: j^ve hundred tliousand. The egga of the 
Lis secrets ; but death cau never tell the] Nc'er-miaacra are eaten in vast numbcn by 
secrets of life. When I was a %*ery little fishes, and the vostness of their numltera la 
bov 1 had a fiddle given me, and I pulled it. uecetuary to the preservation of Uie epva 
to pieces U> find out the thing which made The incredulity with which the sUitemi 


the muHic ; but I diduX 

The books of natumi history flay that the 
Ncroertes Uvea by suckiug the substance of 
the anomiea. The little two-valved mollusk 
resembling an oyster with a hole in the flat 


of physiolugista are received reapt^cting the 
numbers of the eggs of animals will b« r*- 
moveil by a simple explanatiou of the method 
of calculation. The ovary ia measured, and a 
portion — soy, a quarter of an inch square-— is 

Talve, is the anomia, or irn-gular, oa it was cut out The number ofegga found In the 
callad when it was supposed to be an odd- 1 quarter of the inch ia counted, and then raul- 

(wkinj; oyster, Scotlidh iiahermen call the tiplied by tho number of square quarter- 

uiomia the Egyptian lamp, a nanio which inuhea which are found in the ovary. The 

ios the merit or involving something of a little guiles cat the ^ga of the loug-worm«| 
description. But the anomia is not lui oyster. , jin(j| the long -worms wlio esoapsv revenge their 

It hna three musrlea, while the oyster has [tin upon the little fiAhet. And thus their 

only one. As to the NL-iiicrtea sucking the ijvea of natural wor have paased from tlie 

flesh of these droll, little bivalves, there is no beginning, and will run on to the end of tin 

evidence ; and theaccuantion ia supported by 
00 better evidence titan inference and sus- 


The muscular ayaleni of the Nemertea 
never as yet, we fear, been sciouttfic 
studied. Yet marvellous suppleneaa, ooii- 

An animal may be described as » nonrous ^ tractil'ty, and exiMiusibility of form, are the 
ayatem with nutritive and reproductive chief chamcteritics of the animal. The great 
moclianismB. The nervous system of the uumber of lateral bronchinj; nerves deaeribed 
long-worm seems very simple. Most of the by Rathke doubtless command m great num- 
woiras or ringed animals hiiva a collar, which ber of muscles of the moat delicate structure 
represents the brain, round the gullet, filmed 
by the Iwu nerves which connect the upper 
dorsal and the ventral lower ganglions, i he 
nervous sjstem of the Nemertea consista only 
of two «ide ganglions, whence part two string* 
stretching to the extremity of the body anui 
sending off a great number of branching 
threads. Two great vessels placed upon the 
side accompany these nervous trunk?, and a 
third meanders npon the median line ; all the 
three being simple and without Dimificutions. 
The instinct or inward promjitiiig implanted 
in this nervous system is similar to the in- 
Btinct of the boa constrictor. Tho fjistening 
vpuu the prey, the hwullowing of it endwise 

&IiLL£K & CUBtis, PublisherB, Office, No, 821 Broadway, New York. 

** Familiar tji their Mouthi a» HOUSEHOLD WORDS"— BaAwwwnAMm. 



N"- 8&7.] 


{ [.' 



Tnic Britisli cunslitntion uiiiies finnly t)ie 
prii)ci|4« of ht'rt-iiilary moimnrby with a 
resptrvl for the liberty of Iho peuple ; raniuly 
becaiue the peoiile of Kiii^lfiiul, iiut. ilm 
]iK>D«rLli, hna the Vey of the frxcheqtivr. Tlic 
oonstitut'mna grautoJ to ihfir Bultjtcts by 

ircditar}' nioiutrcbs on the contirieiit iif 

irupe are pifu eaasly revoked^ lirmnstf iUuHv. 
riftfcha have iu lliuir iM>wer tlie revtiiut-B 
the stHtc^ by help of which iliuy iiiiiy 
ime masters of the people. The key t-f 
Uif< niuUfV-box is a great talisuiau. TLo 
kinti or qiieeu of KngUotl represents the 
eouutry. When we itirtg Ood save the Qtieen, 
we iiienn wiJing Jevutitiu to a Bovereign 
whr< nierit« our mnsl Inynl alfectioii, hut we 
nieau uot lc&*f tiofl »AVe Us All. The Queen 
IB ours tioL leas than we are hers. In a 
Gemiati atxte, tlie |>eop1e beluiigH to tiie 
pruiee ; but the prince (h>e:« nut iKfluiij^r to ihe 
iple. It is their Juty to Ivok upon hiiu aa 

leir owner. 

Tlie Brit'ith army existn to protect Britain 

pm foreign eueuiies. Our t'onatabtes and 
" pnliiru ofUcera exiJtt to protect the lives and 
libcrtieM of atl at home from the a^greftii<>ns 
of the lawlt>e8. German armies and jxitice 
«xi«l chiufly lur tliv pr<it4-ctiuu of tlic prince 
l^iuBt the people. Their more onerous 
tuk is to stjppresa tlio pciple as a 
power io the aUile, Kverv PniHsian, fur 
tnatance, is fltanii>ed and lY^idtt-red by the 
police at birth ; goes about wiih a label^ like a 
sliee|) vr'iih a murk «f ruddle on hid buck, all 
hiahTe b>ng; and if found without suoh lal)elf 
nay l>« ttlmotfl wurriid to denlh. To nwko 
niuiinrehy a de8|»oti«iu is one main duty of 
tbe police in Prussia. It sets about its 
duty in a wny tltnt brings the police force 
]ntn secret Aod deep contempt' among the 

Uhcre are good men in iU Be quit^t in 
Pruftsia, niiud only 3'i.iur own privnte buni- 
neM — if it 1m> biininesi not diingeroua to tbe 
•tiite, aj aiith'.irbhip or anyihiug implying 
txorciu uf iniiepenileiit tlioughl— illuminate 
loyally on royal birthdays, read the govern- 
ueut newspa(>er, go to tbe government 
church, nod you may eijoy in many things 
Bore freetlom in Gcrnuiiiy thau can ba bod 
ia £iigland. " I have often thought,'* says 

an English writer who knows Germ.iny well, 
**1 hiive oftc-n ihouglitauil felt thiit. while in 
En^Uud we ll^re iKilitical lilterry, we hnve 
nriihing like the personal and imlividuiil free- 
dom, the soL-iul liberty of the (iernmnH, even 
nuiter their worst governnienta." Go lo 
Prutt-^ia without p(j]itiinl opinions and with 
a ]>itfuiport well covered with anllienti- 
cations «1 the hurmlesa object of your visit, 
nvd you will find the poiiot? con»itleiate and 
faitlifid in pcrrurmimce of tln-ir <lutie«. A 
subordinate jtolieeniHU will here and thnre— 
as a gift, not as a bribe — quiie hnrmIe^sly 
acce]it a coin nailrink- money turKurvii.'e done; 
but, uBUQlly, even tliat would be refnsed. 
The PituaiuM police, seen froiu this point 
of view, is the best ou the continent. It 
JH superior, perhaps, to the police uf Kuglaud. 


Bdt. the work winch is the whole work of 
the police in Knvland is uot bnlf tlie work of 
the police iu Prutt^io. Oo to Pruuia ss an 
Kngli^ihnmn without a pusaiiort ; go with a 
gcod p>iH8;>ort and express freely and bnhlly 
your own constitutional ideas ; let it be neea, 
whether En;:lishman or GerniHD, tlmt yua 
care more iibout a people than tiboni a 
people's king ; then you .^re a rat, nud the 
iwlieo are terriers by whoai you will ssso- 
redly be woiried. A Prussian subject takes 
in the wrong newspBper, goes to the wrung 
church, stays away from chiiruh for too many 
sucreftsive Sundays, or t;dks liberal |)olitics 
witliin the hearing of a aervunt. No legal 
(ilfi-nce may have been conmiilted ; but he will 
be liiibic to an arrest, on suspicion of tmvtng 
tried to make people discont(!nted with the 
government. Ife will be fortunate if, iusaeh 
case, he escape with only a few weeks' impri- 
soimieut during his "arrest for invest igntion."* 
There .tre persons so arrested who hiive 
been jeveral years in prison without having 
been brought up (or an examiu.ttion. Agninst 
the procrediogB uf the |H>lici>, in all mutters 
adectiug the government's cuj'e of itself, no 
appeal is of any use. A mun'fl lioutie may b0 
luiiaacked from giirret to cellar ; any it all 
of hiii pajiem may lie seized, upon the simple 
BDsertiun of the police that they are sus- 
picious. If 8eix»*d,triey are nttl often returned; 
and shunhl he lay any complaint at the tribu- 
uait of justice, be will be told only that 
these are **a&ut« of the poUcc," in which tba 

[ wot 






170 (J»«iP"» n. »'»7.l 



jadgr» cnn ilo notliing. Not tiie police only, 
but nil [wrsoim who receive goveniuu-nt (-ay, 
llie j iult;c& tliunieclves — uby, tU« very clei gy — 
are pnt to a dcgraUit]}{ use as spios upon ibc 

Afirtin«l a man suapecteil of Rinnll con- 
teiiliuent with the government, no Ireiichrry 
is lo*j bnse to 1« eniployeil by tlie police 
jn FruMia. liia CrieiiiJabip »n«i f!Uiiilin.r 
intercourno will hecouilwl ll^sil^n^tnBly, for 
purposes of lietriiyat. Agi^nt* of Ihe police 
will even be iiialniclct to pay their ailtU-eases 
\t3 his cook or liouat-keejKT, for the sake of 
amving at the aecrets of his home. Hia 
leltero will be npcntnl tfocretly ; if by cimnei* 
any difliculty should ariee in the roclosiiig 
of any i-ne of tbcni, it will Iw aent on to hint 
with llio effrontery whith only incspomiide 
auihoriLies can vcniurc to uitiplay, sealeil 
-with a frrcat ofli<:inl seab 

The Frnwiau cliriry, too, do not reeeiTe 
the kiii^''s money without being rL-qiiii-ed to 
do iheirdiity on beluilf of ahsolotism ; wlicre- 
fore Ihey are di»tmaled by lurKe niaaiica of 
the p*-t)pli', ariil are known disrespeclfully as 
Blm-k IVlice. They are bound to keep lists 
of nil pt'i-aonB iu tlieir rt-Rpective p.irihhBS, and 
to observe bow often each attends the state 
churrh or eacramctit. Defnulters will be 
warned once and ngain ; after which, if they 
be government functionnriL's, they will bo 
dinmiiwcd ; if they be private persons, they 
will Bulfer social blight from the displeasure 
of the TKilice. WdVnffected subjects will ba 
couiimdled to avoUi them, aii*l they will be — 
in a«iuiet. nii-an way.and without open nccu- 
gation — forced to choose for therasrlve* be- 
tween the alternatives of banishment or ruin. 

The political use of the [kiUc© was brought 
to its moat cuniplele state, and to its point 
of utmost oppression, by the chief president 
of ]ioIice, the Herr von Hinckeldcy, who was 
shot, nut vtivy long ago, in a duel. He was 
a very clever innu, well versed in many 
sciences, and waa personally amiable; but,iu 
the carrying' out ofhis political theory, h« wfls 
thorouyii-guing and rLMiiortfelt-Bs, Uis object 
waa to recover for the king every shred of 
that robe of irre8|»onaib[e Buprema'-y that 
bail been torn iu the struggle of the wihi 
year 'forty -el }(bt. He biibed wlmtever 
writers would recei^'e a bribe ; issued cum- 
niaods to journaliitts; and threatened what 
was virltially niin to those who Wero inde- 
pendent. He established, even iu London, 
Ml office for pmcuring leUem that luiriei-able 
scribblers could be got to forward — in the 
nanio of English opinion, fuvoui-able to the 
cause he hud at heart— to the German news- 
pa]x<r8. Tliis office waa an eatabli<ihnifnt 
distinct firtm the spy ollice established here to 
wutch the emigi-atiou ; being so purely one of 
HinckeMey 8 own ]>rivate speculatiuus, that 
it tuniblcd to the ground when he was shot. 
But the organisation cf the i^ohce force iu 
Prussia, os a pillar of the royal state per- 
fBctcd by bim, icmaioi. Tbia, of which we 

are now speaking, iit his mnnunient ;— bati,ai 
to lite durability of it, it is not w«ll to pro- 
phesy with any confidence. 

At present it is strong, and Is supported 
alfo by 8tt>ut buttrowta. The Pruasian 
|>olice system coniifcta itself more or lew 
with the police of stl North GermaDv. 
Strong Eovcinments are persuaded ; weak 
onra intiniidjited— aa iu tue ca^ of Ham- 
burgh, whidi may be a free city in uuuir,but 
is the vassal of Prussia whenever qut-stious 
nriae of throwing back into the jaws of the 
Prussian teiriei-H. any small head of the game 
thfy have bt-en trained to worry. 

!^uw let me illnstrnte what I have been 
sayitig, by help uf a few facts that happen 
either to lie wilhin my own private ejcperi- 
ciice, or to have betm witnetHsed by trnst- 
worthy friends. I do not tell real names; 
but 1 do tell what I luow to be the litend 
nnd iiiniple truth. Let me begin with a ]ia^ft* 
port case. 

M. lli-nry, an old gentleman, who lived for 
more than twt-nty-tivfl years in Prussia, fell 
ill, find hia wife wrote to their son — who was 
established in the United Stall's of America, 
— to come over and see his old fathtr once 
mire, before his end. The dutiful eon threw 
ti\] his business aside, went on board tliu tirst 
steamer bound to Hamburgh ; where he 
arrivoil in due lime. JJy tlic first train he 
set off for Berlin. Here, ho waa stipped 
by tho TMiIicp; who askt'tl for his passiK'Tl, 
\oung Sir. Ilenry, little versed in police 
nmttens h»d not even thonglit o( a posapnrt. 
When ho left home be had none. A repub- 
lican without a jmss'p'irt, what a horror! 
Of course he whs arreKt'.-d on the spot as a 
vaj^aljund, put into prison, nnd compelled to 
sjiiu wool. In this agn-cable situation he 
wmained for ten days ; after which time he 
became free, by the inU'rp«>silion of the Ame^ 
ricnn cimsnl in Hamburgli; to whom he 
wrotu iuiuiedifltcly affer his arrest. The 
Prussian police did not even apologise to 
him. They simnly to'.d him, **A11 ri^ht ; 
yiiu have tohl us llie truth, and may go." Tlie 
mliuseil gentlemnn was almost kilted by this 
vexation, and took the product of hishiboura 
iu the spinniiig-hotute (a large clew of worsted) 
home Willi him, to sliow it to his children 
and to keep it in hia family as a token of 
PruBniau liberty. 

Another gcnilemHn T know well, remained 
in prison a whole yeur fur having in-rvereutlf 
observed^ upon one occa.>ion, tliat the king 
was tipsy. 

I was intimately acquainted with a lite- 
rary man who conducted a weekly news- 
I^aper ; the ulieapneia of which (three shillings 
a-year) wan thought moi*e drtn^eitius even 
than its contents. It was written under cen- 
sure ; that is to aay, the proof-«beet8 were sent 
to the censor, wliostruck ont everything which 
he considered disloyal. Having tbas received 
the sanction of the governniL'Ut, the ]>aper 
waa pubUahed, and common seuae would 


I^Juve induced crery editor to tbhik htmaeU 
^Biaftf. IL w:(8 uot 80. Aly Tricnd had an tin- 
^^^eniiG aiicn^M vith hxa (xiper, and unt, in ii 
few moiiUis, no fewer tlian 6fineii lliutisand 
suthscribon. This would hare yielded him 
a coiiflidemble income, even afior Engliuli 
noiioua. All the Gennai) goventnienU ; and, 
most of all, that of Prussia, hocaoie Alniost 
frautie ; fnr my friend wa^ ne cnutiooa na 
clvrer, aod tliey could not i^t at him under 
any legal pretext It was hi^forc Ihti year 
eighteen hundred and forty-eight, jind such 
preti^xta wcro still required. One day, bow- 
ever, vvliftii I wan nt dinner wondcrinj; at my 
ftieiid'a vacant place, I received a iiiirrit'd, 
open, pencil-note iVoni him, dated from prison ; 
by which he iiiruruu''4 nic of U\i having been 
arrested, and of the judj^-e's having very re- 
luctantly couaenteil to let liim go,ondcpoeitnig 
five hundred thalem in cash. Fortunately 
the ninnev was to he had. I took it myt»elf 
to thejutige, and dclivere^l my friend. 
^H Of coarie, I woa curious to know hiA 
^HpTeui-e, and was not a little amnseil nhen he 
^^howed me the Viu^st of iixa p:i(».r fur which 
the Auiliian govennncnt had impeached 
Ifini. He had spoken of an Austrian chief of 
artillery having oppostnl the reducinj^ of 
military eerrice fruni fourteen ycArs tu ei}{ht, 
objecting that it wouhl l»e iniiwiusible for re- 
eniita to itecome good artillerymen in eight 
years ; and tiie writer exclairaf^l,** that a fellow 
who could uot learu h'la service in eight yeam 
must be indeed a potcnzirter A uslrian ;" which 
mt^nt, that he most be many times sillier 
tiian the Ausirians gcucnilly arc tliou^ht to 
be in the nortli of Germany. My friend was 
^^BOnileuiued to three month»* imprison oient, 
^^■Rrithoai Loiiig allowed to compound for his 
PP^utitshment by a payment of mooey ; which 
* vae customary in press transgre-saiona. Very 
•oon aflerw.-irds the paper was prohibited 
without any legal proceeding — nay, against 
law and the constitution. With the same 
right they might have shut up the shop of 
any grocer fur srdling cigars manufactured by 
the 6[»eci.d consent of the government 

When my friend published another journal, 
,thit waii pt'ohibiteu also, and we got a hint 
that Ire wuuld be arrested. By atrntageuij I 
gut his pns>port from the bureau where it 
Tns dep<>8i(ed, and he left Leipzig, going to 
the next rrus^lin town; for be was a subject 
of Prassiu. Taught by necessity, my fneud 
vas well versed iu the law, and adhered so 
strictly to it, that they could find no " legal 


Uarmnmr-i 171 

Berlin. But very soon it came back, with a 
reproof, and many passages iu the honk 
marked with a red pencil. Cardinal JliuUe- 
lieu said, "Give me five written wonls of 
a man, and I shall find ntatter, in them to 
have him hanged.*' My fiieiid was Kumnmiied 
ttefore the court, and impe.icht'd on Miijcuials- 
Deleidigung — leaa? majeaUtis, is I think the 
technic.iL n:tme. When llie judges Hliotved 
him the ofTeiidlng pa9S'i;5e, he took the 
Ijuidrecht (provincial law) smilingly up 
from the table, turned up the p.iragi-n;;li re- 
lating to the oireucc attriliutetl lo itini, atid 
rea<l aloud, " Such a criminal ahull bo 
dmgged to the of oxt.'culion sitting 
upon n cowakin and there crushed by a 
whetd, &c (genidert werden von iiuten aut*)." 
^nd all lh\a, for the flesh-coloureil tricots of 
Lola Montez I The whole court of justice 
could not help laughing outright; for ihm 
thing was too Ludicrous. 

In his paper my friend had mentioned how 
Lola Monlez had horsewhipped au ollic^rof 
the police, and hew she had t>eeu eond*^mncd 
to hair a year in the house of correction, liut 
had been paidoued by the kin>r,aiid i.-OMcluded, 
'* Well, I woudor whether I should have been 
pai\loned also, for having committed such a 
crime 1 P>>s«ibly, but not very likely ; fur if, 
even in the sode of justice, a p.iir of flesh- 
coloured tricots weighd heavier than my steel- 
pMi, how much tlie more will they not put out 
uf its equilibrium the bidaucc of grace J" 

Yi-a ; the judges ofjudeiuned him, laugh- 
ingly, to two years' iiii]>risonment, ^ud the 
loss of the natioual cockade. About this hatod 
sign of bondage to au al«olute Hohenzi-llern 
my friend carud not a pin ; but its losa iuv.jlvod 
the toss of must of his civU rights. There- 
fore he laid an appeal against this wi "'*^. 
and it was altered to only one yeju* of im- 
prisunment, which he endured, iu the citadel 
of Mogdeborg. 

So much for the press. Now I shall show 
how the police work in the vineyard of the 

There was, in KOnigsberg, a dissenting 
cou:;iegatiou of nbuut eight tiiouiu\ad niem- 
bt-rs, belonging lo a Pi-olestant sect spread 
all over the umpire, (if course luiv legil 
pretexts to be met with were available tor 
annoying and vexing these dissenters; but 
tho police usi'd the mu«4t dastardly and base 
means to ruin them, besides. They induced, 
for instance, nil persona employed in the 
police, and even private per*jn.i, to give no 

pretexts ''forniong time; buthe wasannoyed : work to any Irnlt-Hmen ; to buy uu goods of 
m every manner. At lust, the Pni&sian mcrehants belonging to this persecuted sect 
government — who wotdd put him atido at — nay, keepers of puVdicdiouaes aud tea or 
any cost—sent one ofhia books to Magdeburg, 'coffee gardens were forbid-lento sell anything 

that the law othot-rs and judges there might 
pick out from it matter tu impeach him for 
bij^h treason, or auy other uouaeuae that pro 
mieed a rich harvest of prison. Tlie Magde- 
burg courts were much puzzled by this desire 
of tlie governmeut ; for they could Bud no 
erime iu the book, and retui-ued it at last to 

to members of it, under ludu of tlie with- 
drawal of ibeir licences, litis was a serious 
thing for these innkeepers, and they requested 
the Kuverend Mr. Itupp^ then minister of 
the congregation, to communicate tliese pt^Iice 
measures to his parishioners, lest they luight 
bring iuuoceat men to trouble and ruin. 


I «nnr St. t»M 


ICmJwmJ V 

One of Ifie ili"Beii(er»,)iavn»g no fewpr iliAU 
ten oltildrfn, I'UhfH-iiL'fl to he einplovei) in tlie 
police, and lost I. is phtce for liis rt?lii;iou. To 
gtl r.notlM-r pxi.tteitce lliis nmn coiii]*le(i to , 
rent tlid house <>t' the »liootera' contpiiny 
belonging to tlie city. Aiitl llievefore depetiding 
on the city authoriiii'S. When the \Hi\ice 
becuMie aware of Vm inteiitinii, they iiKiungLMl 
thiii^^s with the coiporiiiioii «o, that )ie was 
offiTctt Uio house only if he wouhl lewtve 
the Lord's Supper out of the linnds nf ttie 
most fiLiinticJiI |ini*8on of the state church, 
llif |Hior niiut, having no other hope o( aiip- 
porLiiig his Lai'f^e fiuu'ily, was weak euotigh 
to comply ; but he was afti-rwards very miuh 
troubled in his nn'iid ; wretched fur life in fact. 
A young respectable gii'J,hnviiiga very large 
connection ns a seaiustrcsii, agaitint whitni no 
one in KoulgHberg could say a word,l>ehin^ed 
t-n the diasentera ; and, not being a native of 
Ktinigsbei-g, although of Prussia, was ordere<l 
to leave the city in a fortnight. The girl, 
■whose nimble tiDgerssupportwIanoId motliiT, 
waa nut base enaugh tu dijtown her faiih, and 

Srepored weepingly to liuve her friends and 
er8hng,a]t)iongh humble pi>sitinn. Iluwerer 
abe waa not only clever luid t;ood, but pretty, 
andayoungnwBtej'-jtiincri'lfcivd her his hand. 
She accepted liint at r>nc(>. Thure was no time 
for simpering ; afortiu;;ht witli three Sundays 
being just Kufbeient to fulfil thu requisites of 
tht! Taw. The night hefi>re the day she waa 
ordered to leave her home, the ll«Tcrend Mr. 
Rnpp performed the marriage service, and 
Ihpy sat joyously at aupinT, laughing at the 
p<j|ice ; for now, bein" tlie bride of a citizen 
of Kouigsberu.abe was feg.iUy ft denizen ot that 
city. A loud kn^K-k waa heanl at the <loor. 
Police entered, and one of them said, "This 
BftM-uibly ia dissolved !'• This intorrnption 
was disagreeable ; hut so ludic)Y3us that 
everybody was atnuaed. Tlie bridegroom 
Slid, "Hell, good night, frit-nds — soriy for 
the good rictualo, but they might di.ojiio(ve aa 
tDiiuTi OS tht-y like ; this aocicty " (he took 
the hand uf hia liridf) " 1 thinU sitalt never be 
diaaolved ; nuilher by any policenmn nor by 
anv other functionary, whether iu blue or in 

AViih tliifl dissolving of asaembliea tfae 
police annoyetl the dissenters most Some 
of them had little meetings to take tea and 
read the Gorman classics. Almost always 
they were disturbed by policemen (lie*t)lving 
the iu<8i'nibly;8umetimca fyllowtd by BolditiH 
with their mutiketa and bayont--tfl. 'I'1ii> 
next ilay, each member of this circle waa 
aummoned befuru the i>oliee ami reproved. 
Hemonatrance waa nsele^ ; aij<l, whtn they 
at lost tmkvxi the president of the police 
to give ih^m a detinition of a prohibited 
aBBeiubly, (for they had no idea why the 
government should prohibit every tea party,) 
tie tolil them their meeting was not to bo 
takeu for a tea party, but for an aaaeiubly ; 
becauHe the differeut persona forming it were 
neither friends nor neighbours, nor reUtionSi 

nor of the same station in life. When 
the Kevervnd Mr, Rupp once invited some 
poor people of his iMUigruL'ation to a public 
garden, to ki-cp hnliday there, be wru* re- 
proved by the pulice. He remonitrateil, 
and enid these {H-raontt bad been bia gueitt^ 
Ue waa answered i-udely, that tbcy were low 
people and no society for him. Mr. Etapp 
took nut his Bible, and i-eod a p.)a^ngo in 
$t. Luke, in which something waa said alxiut 
nut inviting the rich, who could give dinnera 
in return, but the poor and needy. The 
magistrate lotiked confused, and Mr. Rupp 
rscJipwl, unfint'd. 

Kveu children-ganleng were forbid by the 
ptdiee, nuil an assembly of hahies, from three 
to five yeaia' old. was once diBsolve*!. ITie 
litUt} otiesdiil nut ktiow the way home; for it 
waa not yet time to be fetched by the «er- 
vant.<t of their parents ; and, wlen the police 
asked tlicm the names of their fatiiers, 
they answure*!, " Papa.'* Then the little 
latubi« were seen walking with the wolrai, 
quite cftifitleutlv, nbout the etreeta, iuquiriog 
where they did \ielong to. 

Such diaaentera aa ))e]ungcd to ofTicijd 
faniilies were periKCuted most. I'he LieuV- 
(_'cl(inel von L., who died in the year c-ighteea 
iiunJred and furty-eight,lefl twooiphau girl*, 
without a penny. However, the younger 
Kiater hail the cx[)ectjincy of a place as 
canones^e in a fuuudiitiou for spinsters of noble 
birtri, which had l>een restored and richly 
bestowed \>y the Into grandfather of the 
yotiiii; hilly ; who was a very rich man. Tlie 
t;lder iif the two si&turs got, nfler much ado, 
ft amall peusiim from the government, by the 
]uten.«t ot' the minister of Auei'Bwald, who 
wjis connected with ihe family. Angelina, 
the younger Htstcr, while cxpectiug her 
cauoiiease place, tried to get her livelihood by 
giring leesons in French, and writing books 
for young people. Heaven btess«d her brave 
endeavours; ahe got a situation at a school, 
and many pi ivate lessons. She had, indeed, lO 
nuich to <io, that almost her uuly recrvivtion 
waa to vinit the religious congregatioua of 
the difisonlcra, t4t hear Mr. Kupp. 

Thua ahc went on vcr^' well till the year 

eighteen h\iudred and fifty-two ; when it was 

ordered by Polizei-President Petera that 

Minn von L. should forbeargiving any leaaoiis ; 

seeundly it was decreed that Miss' Leo, tlie 

■ miettiesdof the school, should dismiss Mim A. 

'von L. directly, and without any fnsn (ge- 

I measchloi^) ; thinlly, Misa vun L. was to leave 

Kilnig&bcrg^ u,u<i informed tliat the intenlict 

, to give any lessons applied to the whole 

Prussian monarchy. 

I In vain the unliappy lady tried the Uw,— 
nay, wrote even twice to the king, com- 
plaining of the wrongs pr&clised on her, 
She waa anawcred by the Miniister of the 
Interior, that all the jH'm'eeiHngs against 
her had been strictly lawful. Notwithstorui- 
ing, Miss von I^ tried to give leasous in 
Danzig, where the first magiatrate waa a 



friend of her family ; but tliis gontlemAn, 
ftllhnnj;h wishing tier weit, fuuiid liim«elf 
obll'^eii tn icp'-iit the priM:*-eiliii(,'»t of Ktiiiijpi- 
berir. Sill) Irit the Pnt8si:iii eiui-iie for Drea- 
drii. wtit-re Mbe foun<1 pupils ; but ilirrecftme 
a Ivlei^rtptiic <iU}>atch from Berlin* and she 
WM oricreJ by the polieu of S-ixony to leax-e 
Drpii>lea in twtfiity-«ii;)it hours. To 611 the 
ch:fclice uf adriow to the briiu, ahe rt'cotvo<] a 
lelt«r front the abbess of the iJiirtli-fouudu- 
tion, ttfUiii^ her to give up all exnecLttioti or 
a C'tnoiic«Ke*p1ac<>, it she nilheretf to tlie dia- 

L,vi>utri-N. Thua she lost liome, existence— eccn 
tie only hope left her fur ol.l a^e — for her 



"FoKoivEKEss, Arthur? Yoa surely Deed 
BOt iuik lor that I " said Uie lady, with ii cold 

iiilu. " Yuu Were of age, anil free tochooee 

you wouhi ; and* if i^y ihiit choici* vuuhuve 

:iinp|xtiiited tity tiopcH and fritst i>iLte<l niv 

ttjiitious, it lA scru'cely a ui:klter fur wiiicu 
,j aak my forgiventfua — my r<fCogirt;on, if 
jrou wdl ; and tUnt I \uvk fjr.inled." 

" I wish you would nay that iu a more 
ennll^d ^me, luuther," nuiJ Arthur, earnestly ; 
**in spite uf your kind words luy Liuirt fevlH 
flbille>l and heavy." 

•■ 1)0 you re-nssure your biubnud, then, 
•inre hid mother's wonU have no longer any 
power OTor him," miid Mm. Amphlett, atill 
with the aanie »trati^f, liaivl Rmdu nri her 
fiu-e, luming to a preity, youni,' a'al who 
■Ln«Ml timidly in the tmckgi-uuiid, and taking 
her stidly by the Imnd. 

" It ifl oDiy hilt 1-jve for yoa that niakei 
him dotihirul," alArunivrKd the giri, looklui^ 
ap[;,'lv to hvr liuHiKtnd, 

" 1 a*kt^d you to o>>mh."tt the efftjct — not 
to exptam to me thu caiiiie" rfplit-d Mta. 
"lutihh'ir-. " I am al'ruid you <lo not under- 
iid very quickly. You are embiirrassed, 

li want s«lf-piW0)fS«i<in, 1 see; vou blnali, 

10, aitd I'me your gmcc of outline in the 
kwkwaid nn-^nhirity of contesaiDn. W'u Hhall 
haVtf some traLiiiit]^ to go through, before you 
will t.o til for the drawini^-ruonis of niy 
frietids and yur hll^lJ.•»'.»^fl a-wiK'iates," 

She Unshed-, — a. htw, fori-ed, contt^uiptunus 
hiu;^b, th'tt conipl<'<ed poor C*eriLldine'«i dis- 
mny. Turning t<> In^i' huahaud ihe retnMt^ed 
iuio hU anii«; and. bur^inj; her face iu his 
btMiivn, excUirucd pitruuidy : 

" Uti, Arthur! taki* me away — take me 
away ! " llten bui^iit into tt-ari. 

ill It. Ampblfll quietly ran^ ihb bell. 

**A gh'iu uf cold WHtvr, Junes ; and aak 
Grrce l>tr the uil-vul:«tde, which ia in mv 
r\M(tii,** she «aid, u Iteti lb« man eutetcd. 
" Till* VMunif hi-Jy is hvuli'i'ical." 

The l.idy H luu*: and manufr of unuLter- 
alil«> cimiempt rouMol (Ji-raldine from ht-r 
weMkncaa mure tlnu coUl water or sal- 
rolifctile. She leU, too, Arthur's heart thrub 

under her band ; and tlioiigb he passed his 
arm round her and pryhsecl her ttindly to 
him, aa if mutt-Iy aKsniiiij; heruf hia protec- 
tion, she fi-ared she )iad annoyed him, more 
becausr she felt she been sitly, than bo- 
oauae she showed diaplenHure. 

** No, never mind now," xhe said, trying to 
tangh, lUid shaking l-ack the bright, tiown 
hair whiolt liad f<dlen in disorder over her 
fiiue. " I am quite well now — it is nothing — 
I am viTv sorry," tilie a^tdl*d, witlt a running 
accouipauiment uf dnmll nobs. 

"Are you ofVn hysterical 1" a^ked Mi's. 
Ait4pldett, her ]ip;ht liazel eyes ftxe<l nternly 
on her. " It niUHt be very inooiivouii-nt lo 
yon, I should tliink, and scatcrly i^'Hllitig 
Mrs. Arthur Aniphlett. You may tnku it 
away ng:iin, JoueH," she said to tlie fontinan 
who buAtled iu with the cold water and a 
small phial on a silver stand ; ^ or— no, stay, 
— ^}'ou hat) better leave them. You may bo 
atticked again," she addetl, to Gunildine. 

" I assure you, motht-r, 1 never before saw 
my wife so nervous," exchiinird Arthur. " In 
gi^neral, she is IkiIIi bnvve and uheert'uL I 
never knew her so shaken." 

** Indeed 1 It is unfurtuniUe then, that she 
should hare selected me. and our Qr*t inter- 
view, for the disphiy of a weiikne.-*M which 
some, I believe, odl interesting ; but which 
to nie hi pufiile ; which, iu fact, I r^i^anl as 
temporary iuwinity. Come ! " she addt-d, ar- 
rauijiughpr-elf in her easy -chidr, and speaking 
with a litUu Ies4 pitdess deid>eration ; " we 
have uowgot through tiie hi-st uu-cting; which, 
as you W(-i« the delinquents, 1 presume, yoa 
dreaded mare than I, UndcrBtand then, that 
I overlook all the )>en>utial iliKrea|»ect there 
hav lieen in your secret marria:.{e, Arthur: 
;dl the disapiiutiitment, and wuiindi><l pride I 
have had in \onr marrving bo far Itt-nenth 
you. I am a of plain woitis, Gerai- 
dine. Ytjitr n:iine i» Oeraldiue, is it not? 
I tluHiyht you sturied and lookeil surprised 
when 1 ealiwl you *>. No matter ! — ami I 
invit" you )>oth to reinaiu with uie as long oa 
it suilJi you to untke Thoruivale yuur home. 
Now let the subjeet be dropped. Oryce 
wdl sltow you Iu your i-ootu, youog 1 idy, 
if yuu ring the bell twice ; and, I d^re »ny, 
iu time, we sliall become tolerably well ao- 

♦^Arthur! dear Arthur! what will become 
of mo if your tuniiter do^s not sofu-n tuwarla 
inel" ci-ied \¥»>r firraldine, when she w»a 
alone with her husliand, 

'■ lie ]iaiiful, love, for a few elay^*' said 
Arthur, siHithuiqty. ** She has bad much 
sorrow in her In'-, and that has UL-wIe her 
hanler than she was hy imtnre. Ltut I cannot 
Wlieve t*lA- will U* alw.ty« so alranye .-oi whe 
is lo-day. 1 au)not I'dieve but that my 
Gi!riildiii>-*s swee'net«3 :(nil goolness will 
soltr'U lier, and lend her to luve and value one 
who cjiniKiL be kuuivn without Winj: loved." 

'*oh, Arthur! 1 nev<'r prized j.i)nr dear 
worda so much as to-d»y," etcUkkm^ AJt* 


174 U"i«tst>«r.l 





young wife, with a look anii gesture of ninpt 
torching devotion. ''While yon love me, ;iinl 
l>elitive ill me, nini are not aabaiiied of we. 
nil the world nnght acorn me, — I ehould still 
be proud and bfesae*! ." 

"All the world shall honour yon,** laid 
Arthiii*, laugliiii^r. ** Hut, cotiic, \mtl)e those 
great, Klue eyes, and draw a veil lietw^en 
their love and the outside world. Meet my 
mother nith nn much composure and ease, 
and with as little show of feuliiig ns yoit can. 
Kumvmber, she respects strength mure than 
she p.vm])aUii8ea with feeling. Sho wnuld 
honuur -a victorlouH fo»— however vile^ — more 
than she would p'ty a prostrate one, how- 
ever virtuous. StrtiUgth, will, self-assertion 
she res|)e<Jts, even when in direct opposiitoii 
to herawlf; limidity, obedience, aod eicita- 
liility she simply despises and tramples under 
foot. Don't be afraid of her. Assert yourjielf 
and hII uill come r'^lit. Is not your husband 
by to sn)ipoi-t y<iu ? " 

"Arlharl I wisli yon would give me 
something terrible to do for y^u ! I feel as if 
I could go through the tici't^st, wildest m»r- 
lyrdom lor you and your love. I could die 
for you " 

" But you dare not oppoiie my mother 1 Is 
tbst it 7 Darling ! you i^hnll live for and with 
xne ; snd that is better than dying. Ah .' I 
Wonder tf you will oJiy such words aft^er wo 
have b<*eu man-ied as many yeaiB aa now 
days. Let me sec, — huw uuiuy T Twenty hix. 
We are almost at the cud uf our honeymoon, 
Gei-aldme 1 ** 


"I TniRK Gemldiue is slightly improved 
since ulic came," said Mi-s. Aioptdett, one 
morning, to her tton. " She is rather less 
awkwiutl nnd mannerless than ahc wna." 

" Awkward wa« never the word for her," 
■aid Arthur, briskly. "She is only ahy 
and uniisfd to the world. She is singularly 
graceful, I tliiiik." 

Mrs. Amphlfitt lifted her eyebrows. 

"Think how young she ia ! " continued 
Arthur, aimwering his luuCher's look, — "not 
quite twenty, yet— and was never in society 
before site c:*iiie here." 

" How Htrange it is," continued the mother, 
aa if ypt-akiiig to hers^if, " to see the marriages 
which some men luake ! — men of intellect, 
wealth, education, standing, — ull that you 
imagine would refine their tastes and render 
them fimtidioua in their choice. Yet these 
are the very porsiins who so often marry 
beneatli iheiu. Iniitead of choosing the wiie 
who could best fulfil their social require- 
ments, they think only of pleasing the eye, 
which they call love — as you have done, 
Arthur, in cliootiing Genildiue in place of 
Miss Vatii^hfln." 

"Miss Vaughan ( Why yon might as well 
have attked me to marry a statue. A linud- 
some gill, I coufeas ; but withnut a spark of 
life or u drop of human bluod in her. 

" That may be. Yet ahe was the right and 
uiitni-al wife for you. Sliewasa woman of your 
owu age and your own standing ; foimed to be 
the leader of lier society aa belitsyuur wife ; 
rich, well born ; in short, posao».<ing all the 
rr(piiiiiti> qitnli6cnti>ins of the future mistress 
of Tliornivale. You disregard such patent 
hariuony of circunistauces for what ? — for a 
gooil little blue-eyed nobody; who cannot 
receive like a genilewoman, and who steps 
into her cairiage with the wrong foot." 

*' But whu has goodness, love, lunooence, 
constAUcy " 

'* Dun't bo a fool, Arthur," inten-upted Mrs. 
Amphlett. *'What do you get, pray, with 
ihis excessive plasticity of nature? All very 
(lelightful, I dare say, when confined to you, 
and while you arc by tier side to influence her ; 
hut, when you are away, wilt not the same faci* 
lity which renders her so delightful to you, ' 
pUce her na much under the inHuenee of 
another, na she is under yuurs { Foolish boy ! 
you htive burdened yourself with that most In- 
lolernble burden of all— the weakness and 
incapacity of a life-lung companion. Tliere ! 
don't protest, or you will miilce me angry. I 
know she is very amiable nnd beautiful, and 
L.hariuing,ani1 good, and ull that -, but she has 
no more Hti-en^th, self-reliance, common sense 
nor manner than a baby. And you know 
" as I. ITere ahe is. — I was jiuC 

veU to 

tlii» as we 

talking of you, (jeruMiue. Are yoa wi 

day 1 ' she asked suddenly. 

" Yes, thank you, quite well," itaid Gcral- 
dine, always nervous when speaking to h^er 

" I thought not ; you are black under the 
eyes, and your hair is dull. Will yau drive 
with mo to-day ? " 

"If you please,'* said Gcruldine. 

•* Or ride with your husband ? " 

" Whichever you ami Arthur like best," 

*• My dear young hidy," said Mra. Auiph- 
lett, with one of her stony looks, " when vtU 
you IfitiJi tu Imve a will of your own T" 

" VeSf Geraldiue ! I wish you would always 
say what you, yourself, really prefer, when 
you are nsked," said Arthur, with a sliadow 
of testiness. 

'* I niu afmid of being selfish and inconside- 
r,ite to others," fluid Geraldine, hiistily. *• iiut, 
if you please, then, 1 would rather I'ide with 

" Yuu know I am going to Cnd to look mt 
yonng Vaughau's stud, returned Arthurj 
atill with the same accent of irritability. 
" Uow, then, can I ride with you to-day t" 

"Ah, see, now ! what use in giving uiu niy 
choice ! " cried Goialdine, mukiug a bmu 
attempt to smile and to seem guy ; icais 
rushing into her eyes, instead ; for, the thrfe 
weeks during which she htid been under her 
lady-mother's harrow, had reduced her to a 
state of chronic depression. 

" Would it not be more dignified if yon 
did not cry whenever you are spoken to 1 " 
aaiJ the pitiless hawk-eyed ludy. 


[A«t«M <\in:<} 17S 

*] HBi not cryiiiif," nn>A GemMiiie, bolUIy. 

" Ki» f — Wtmt ifl that oD yoHJ* linixl, if it I'h) 

' ' Kie ! yoit must not be uutrutli- 

fi\g lo tli« cumiaou viea of the 

Arthur went to thr* window, pate with 
,^tprv!lH<^U j«u-winn. For ihe tiiument he 
tc-t <)<?rftMiiit^. The young wifu hnd paused 
hld^pU-u night. She was neivoud an I 
onwelh Shu tried to rulin hi'mi-lf, but she 
f«lt u ifs'jmtflhiu:; gnvo wxy wilhiit hor, aii<l 
Agltini; gL'iitly Hhe eaiilc very quietly \tMik 
Agnmk& the pillows of tlie ott^mau where she 
'MS sii,Uii}£. Ill K dead iiwnoii. 
A htutl kiiot^k caiuu tu tlie door. 
** Gcrftldiue ! " excUiiiied Mn*. Aiiiphlett, 
"OenJiJine ! Why. hle&s luy suul, Arthur, 
Um ffiri hus fainted I " 

I^fuiu any onlor or aid coiihl be given the 
foottunD threw open the duor, tind a la>)y, nil 
|to>tiioe3,ru!iUin<; silk, ili;£fuity,aud statite.^que 
beAaty — Arthur's uiitiiriil wife, an Mi-g. 
Aatphttftt ratleil hrr — Misa Vaa;;Uan,of Crul^ 
VaIkmI leixnrely furward. 

Calmly sni'vcying the fainting G«rn1'1ine 
throu;;h her eye-pl.iiw, the viftitur turned 
rel'iflty away, saying, lu Mra. Aniphletl 
rsvlf ha'l once siiid : "Huw very incouve- ' 
lent for her ! " ! 

Arthur reddoned and tnrneil pale by j 
nis ; '* Uood V (uiid Mrs. Amphlett, to 
■Tueli, with a crurl smile, " the first blow is 
lly ftlrtick nuw ! " 

She le<l Miss Vnaglian into tho iaoer 
drAwtDg-rooiu, while Oryce attt^uded on 

" You had (tetter leave my niatd with 

'W wife, Arthur," she said, ttiwjtkiivg as 

e atoiikl V>ftvveeu tho rooiux, holdiii;; tho 

iirtiitu in h'T hand. Hut Arthur refused. 

No ! ha would ratlier atteud to hci* liim- 


"What a mo.lel hmband." s.iid Miss 
Vaoi^hiin ; but. in a voice no calm, so sweet, 
•o silvery and even, lh:it uo unc could 
know whether she spuke ironically or 
adruirinuly, Arthur woa in a bad humonr, 
Aud di-«p<>*(ed to scu itll in shadow. lie tiiok 
her wunU as a cutting satire ; and Cier.ildine 
fared none tli« better lu hu heart for the 
belieC This was tho first tiiuc, since he had 
kiKxrn Oeraldine, that a thought of uu- 
CkTotirable criticLmi had crossed his niirid ; 
the tir^t time that he bad said to hiuisclf, " 1 
wish I waiic'l.** 

Mia. Aniphlctt ha-l the art — no one exactly 
Jtnew liow — of making every |m:i-wiu Hjj|H>ar 
^ftU«^oal, hdieuluua, ungraceful, ill-lired ; yet, 
^Ipot from any special amount of grace or 
ggooti breeding in herself; rather the reverae. 
Her nnnueni were chiedy noticeable for 
th«'ir tiudii^ui^d contempt^ and their immo- 
vable !u-iiinptiou of su|wriurity ; thougfa she 
wa«, certaiolv, a handsome woman, yet it was 
not of a kind to itirow any other beauty into 
the Khadv. Shv was pale to bU>o«Ue8«DMa, with 
a tierce eye and a cruel jaw. She wore her 

white hair bruidetl low on her square fure- 
he.iil ; but her tliick, dtraiglit evebruwa were 
still blai^k OS eU^ny, and the light hazel, deep 
set eyes beneath them had lost none of 
their 6re or |M)wer. Tha lines between 
her brows were deep and harBh- The centre 
furrow — tJie Amphlett cut, it was called— 
with the heavy biviw swelling on earh side, 
w/18 esj'OcinUy furbi<ldi[);;. Her nose was 
sliarp, hi^li and handsimie; her thin lips 
closed b^liLly over email and even — but 
discoloured — teeth ; an<Uier chin was «qiiiire- 
cut, niasalve, and sltgiitly protruding. Not 
then from grace or beauty came her special 
pi>wer of moral oppremlon ; but from her 
cruelfjr. She wus inlinitely cruel and 
harsh. She ssid exactly what she thought, 
be it ever so painful ; and uu one ever knew 
her to Bofteti her wunis for pity, grace, or 
delicacy. She prideil hewelf on liei nnnesty, 
her directness, her absence of false sentinient, 
and her ruthless emsade ngainst all forms of 
weakness, la her tirst interview with any 
one she measured lliat person's power of self* 
assertion. If the stnioger yielded to her, 
whetherfroin tiiuitlity ora[niabilily,Hlie set her 
fuot on the i^tranger's ntck and kept it there. 
If opposed, hhi! Iiatcd, but ^till i-espect^d her 
opponent. The only thiug in the world that 
she ruKtieRted was* stren-^th ; niid the only 
[lersuu lu her neighbourhocMl to whom aim 
WAS not indolent was Miss Vjiughan. For, 
Miss VaUgUan, thongh of a different nature, 
was as dauntless and ae(f-asaerling aa Mrs. 
Amphlett, aitd suffered no one to come too 
near her. They were co-qaeen» — not rivals 
— and regarded each others rigbta. 

Ah for tJerahliiie, nh*'. simply dedpised her : 
liououriD'^ her with only a reflective hatred, 
because of her maiiia^'e with her sou. Hud 
it not been for thnt. she would have quietly 
w^ilked over her and have trodden her out of 
her path. Bat she could not do iUU now ; 
so Geraldinc was proniote»l to the dignity of 
her intense hatred and ceaseleas, fierce dis- 
pleasure. The girl felt her position and pined 
under it Ueuce she was losing those merely 
outside phyB'cal graces she ha-l premised when 
aheuiarriud ; andwhioh hml couuied fursouie- 
tliing in her buslwind's love. Arthur, too, 
wa-t iuflueuce<l by bis mother's perpetual 
harpingon Genddme's faults. Soon helnurnt 
Lu apologise for her ; then to criti<nKe her 
himself — not always favourably — nnd luatlv, 
to feel slightly aalnnned of her. His priile 
an<l umnhoo.1 pruvonteil his falling very low 
there; but a great peril lay l» him; 
none the less perilous because not con* 

In the midst of all these dangerous l>egin- 
ningi Arthur was called away on business, 
aunoiugly provided for him, an«l Geriildino 
I was lett to the c:»re of her motUt-r-iu law. 
I The heavy gates had scarcely swung back for 
j her sou to pass oul» when Mw. Amphlett Kit 
down to write a letter to L'ou»ln Hal— the 
8c*pegrace of the family — the handsomest 




176 [AU*» tt, M7-I 




lire-f^iiniyliiinnn anil, by ropuU. the most buo- 
cessful tad)'-k)lltir of liifl gouerutiou. 


GKRALOiSK,who had been pit*?oa-<ly terrified 
ttfc the prnApccb of keepiiif; limise atoue with 
liBP G«rj;(iiiic niothtr, woa aurprisc-i to tiiid 
bow niidileiily tlic old Udy chaiigt^d. She laid 
aside her harah nod iiisuWut mannvr, wiu 
ktiid, coiiMdenttv, cuiiUf, — ctfjwfd to tind fault 
—nay, wati alii)o«t itaLlL-ring ; lutd Gfraldiiie, 
vtho was na loviui; as she was timid, aooii 
became qnite pUyfiil and filial, and ihoii^htr 
n^rh.apH, ttflRr nil she ha«I bei-u to blame, or 
iiivl heeii only fuiicifid. Tlitjy had pawed a 
few li«i»py (lavs thus— happy daya, iti (iplt« 
of tlie»tnin;;f deKolutiuti wliicli hor liuiib.'ind'a 
first a^flwiioo makea for theyoong wife — when 
a carria<;e druve np, aud uut d<uiheii a fine, 
handsome, younfj fellow, all bright blue-eyes, 
iiiotjHt;i'?ho, white (eetli, military awaj^Lrerantl 
merriment ; who kia^ed Mn. Am[^detc aa 
if he likeil to kisa her. and seeme 1 at home 
in the t)ous<>, aoil inaater of every one in it, 
before he had fiirly crottaed the llirealiold. 
Tliia wna ('ouniu llal. 

Never wita there such a di-li^htfiil com- 
pani'iu as L'uuaiii Hal ! Full of fun and 
anecdote; idwnys lively; the moat goud- 
UJtture«l peiauu in the world ; |)Osti.'84iu;^ the 
Ijtrye-t amount of cli]v:ilry to woineu of 
whJcli modern inunnerit are capable ; re»[iect- 
fiil while familiar, and liia familiarity itaelf 
•o affectionate and manly, that no one was 
ever known to quarrel with him, and many 
were found to love him — in fact it waa h'u 
BpecijiUty, and the motive of hia inADy tri- 
amphal t^ems. AlItlkesecharitcteriMtioH made 
him a d.ini;ero\ deliglitfnl companion for 
muut yonnj; Udie:t. Hut Hal, tliim;jh a acape- 
gntee, Ii:m1 hia heart in the ri^^lit ])luue ; and, 
fond as he wiis of mi^ichicf, bad no lovo for 
evil, fuiT for viu-e- 

At (iiat t^ienddine was shy toward him, 
inbendiMt> to be niatrondtke and ibgnilied; 
but Coufiiii Hal laughed all that out of 
her ; and, in an incredibly slim't time 
pstabliKlted hiuiBflf on the moat comfort- 
able footing imaginalfle ; Aunt Ampliley, 
aa he C'tlled her, giving tlie pn-tty yount; wife 
into hilt care in the oddest, way p(t:«:^ilde: 
eB|>eoialIy oild in her. one of the atricte.Ht 
known drai;i>nH of propriety extanU bVr 
intttjuioo, Genildine demurred at riding olooe 
with him — "* Would Arthur like ii ? " And 
Mrs. Ani|<ldett aimwered, '* Who ia ihe Iti-Ht 
judge of prMpriety, you or I ? And if J aay 
that you may ride with your cousin, io it 
fitting in ,vou to virtually le'l me tli;tt 1 am 
an in.Hceiitv guide to you. and thjit mv hubiLx 
and view*" are improper tor you lo adopt T' 

(jcnd-iine wrote daily to lier husbanil. 
She had very little to write aliout, excepting 
her h>ve for him, aud how pleaiw»nt LV)u«tu 
Uul mido glo 'my ohl Tlioridrale ; and, D:(tu- 
rally, Coil Bin Hal came in fur ii targe share of 
the convaa, iie witf the oaly tact in the 

preaent ; and facta take wide dimeneiions. 
Now, between Arthur and Cousiu Hal there 
had always beeu, since very boyhood, a dtt- 
tinct aot) decided enmity. Not explosive uor 
expl<Mietl ; but none the Ifss fierce Iwcause 
Buudued and amouhieriug. He oalleil Arthur 
surly ; Arthur cnlied hiiu frivolous: he saiil 
Arthur should have been a priest ; Arthur 
said that he sliould have been an actor, if not 
a Merry Andrew. So Arthur wa:* fnrioue 
when ho heard of hi« being at 'Ihornivate. 
lie wondered at his mother, abage«l IIal» 
c:dlud Gernldirie ailly ; arnl then he thought 
of what his mother had onoe said about 
the girl's facility of obedience and im- 
presflibility, and h-^ was doubly jealous. In 
wli toll auiinble frame of miud he receive*] a 
letter from his mother, i^fter some buaiueas 
preliminaries the letter said : 

" It ii 4ulie plcuatit to tec Gcnt14)n« ani) Henry; 
ther p\ny tugelKer lu if tliry wrrr itill cliitilrcn iM 
the uunrry, Oeraldino bu gToMm m pn>Uy, «nd 
u k11 hfe and wiyneiiy: ilie it (jiiito n dilTcrvnt 
pcmon to the lachnnKWe, nervous, dc])tc»tcd Kliwoli^^irl 
*tie WM wben jou were liere. 1 fviu- jua kept I»rr 
flown too uiucti : Henry, on tlic cuiitiKry, enratinft* 
lirr. Mr ii cKarmcd b> Iut fnintcncu aod plajifulni-u, 
aUe Willi HU good temper and nffictioutlo v^\%. And 
ecrtaluly lie ii a rcrj cliarmfn^ fvlloxr, tHwugli I caji- 
not ^ to Oeraldiiic'* eiietit of endiuiiaim, ulien ih« 
■aid last night timt ithc wiiltcil you were inme tike 
liim. To tufjCTcry onc'a indiri<liulity it M<-rrd, knd 
I would li««D DO moral pxtchwnrk if ( coultl. MiM 
Vktifftian wxrt intt ttiiit ilie dlotiket llrory m mudi. 
Sbe kpoke ()iille ttcrnlt lo ;aur wi|c kut evening attout 
bcr eridtMit paTiJBiity, wliich Qcrttldtri* oiU ' lamtin- 
>liip ; ' but Mi«« Vitdglian rnub«Hl brr wiili an* of ber 
lofty looks. Mid little Ocrnldine ran olF to {|ciir^~~. 
cuuun ildf u ahe calli liim — for skcllor and [ir> 

Arthur read no more, ire crushed tlie 
letter in his hand and, ooveriug his fiioi^ 
iiroaiied. Neither tha( day nor the next, 
nor the next, again, did he write to hii 
wondering wife. Hitherto he had writtea 
BVery day, aoctu-diug to the faaliion of hi»- 
baud-loveis ; butuuw, too suapiuiuus to write 
imturaily, too proud to betray his suflpieions, 
he chose not. to write at all, as (he VAaicsC 
solution of the dithculty. Whereby he 
nearly Wruke poi*r (Jeraldine's heart, wliirh, 
not reproving her. funii«he<l her with noclua 
to tht? enijina. She was aura he w:ia ill — he 
liaii met with eome accident — he had Iteeii run 
over by an omnlbna or by one of th'^ae inmieiiM 
waygutis— he had been garotted — he was 
dyiiig— he was dead. This was her osL-endins 
acftld of horrors; at which her mother acutfecl 
grimly, but which kind iK-artvd H,d tried 
to olieer and »oothe away. (Jn the fourtli 
day the letter came— short, reserveil, ctdd. U 
wid nothing to wound, but nothing to delight, 
the young wife. Ueraldine ulmoai winhed he 
had not wriitca at all ; though she was glarl 
and grateful to find he wiw well, aud KuU 
uuthiug had l]a[>j>eiied to him. 

She answered aH if no cloud luu} fallen be- 
tween them; noticing outhiug. Shetuld bim 


CtalM nctau-l 


Itecwt n tmi 


til that »lie Iind Iwen dom/, both with Ami »'pinr«mt («)iicli 
witlhttit Coii»iii Hill's iiautt! intTliliKni ; OrmUline put Iut I 

wu man pmi^ilir n wreN|[l«' 
tuui«l in llctirv'i, ami lulil Imti 
ifiion^^t fttlier thiti^, how ki'i'l UU luorlwr •*'»■ '»■ '" <"''«'» «f '■•■ fcaliy. Dm I tUuylit tli 
was to her, nnt\ how «gr«p.iltle Mi*-* Vj(it>'hiitt f'^"t n^l-cr t-n., antl intrffric*!. I ilrWw vw n 
PotiM (jc when ati^ was nut iiir.i*u».l niel *■* '"'"' *")' »"'''■'' of wlm I liftvo nii|. Tlic«« w 
on nil''- "^ ■ '(»• WAS the other »hir. wbrti '"'.'^'"T '*f*f''«"»'''l« '" ><»"■ wi(r'» t-omlurt. ftiM only 
she .'; -m rtt'lf orer to Croft | *''*• ^'t"Ji''»"'» «X'-v»)ve prn>i.TY woultl Iwvb r^iunil 

-.\!^ ; . WM riflli'.** *ii.I Arthiir,'^;*^"!.^'*""'"'^ If 1 do noi, >.>u ,,cc4 .mi b. 

{Tnit'liiiE? h'lt t«fth, "Gernhiine hiLi thu oi>fn-i' """ ' 

liiOH vi..-« f if the weak; she U not truthful. ilut this last pikracnpH dfstroye^t Mr«. 
And this !ptt*r — iMtA-^iJn^ «f my mother's Ani|ihleti> whuW weC. She f»rgot thut, Uy 
k'tnddeM. ami Mm VAu-^lwri** «<>nli:iiity, is n K'ving a tAngiliI« aliape to the »ii«j*ioioiis itlie 

r^jufofit. I hhve Iweii n Th)!. IImw ctiuM wi«h«d only toiimirmut.', she puttli»?:{Htii»' out 
ex|tvot A woman not of my own BtAtiou tf o( ]wr own h:ind-i. Tliut rery ucj;lii Arthiir 
hnvi* the fe»;UiigH of a thorriii;:h-tire'l ceiille- '^ff- Lomloii, fala biisii)<w!i yet uulmi-ilitnl niiJ 
woman, and to t« delicate luid fnitlifiil nnder hii htwyers bimy in Midi furllier euUtugUug 
the cuxiTK' tiire of such a pxinnjny as thnt I » very |>l(iri ca^e. 
How coldly Hhe writPA ! she dues not even I 

Allude to my lan^ siU-noe. Of couriw, there '^■ 

mnit be Beparntiou nuw : yea, U-fore ibis "^'l' ii^xi mnmtn?, while the Tlioniivale 
reiy month in out It must be Arranged. ' P""'*' w^'CTiictlynpnted at breiikl'iLSt, Arthur 
ThiTo iiHintha afttr mArnnf^e, and to si'pA- *t'"'>'l<s 'nt-<j the ruoiu like aoino inelo-iirttmBtic 
mte ; what n testimony to the wisdom tyrant : |>iilf, hag;{«rd, dark-browed, and 


of Inve-mal'They ! If I hnd (hnt fellow 
here ■ - " be continued above hia hrrtth, 

angiy. Oenddine, with a glad cry — to** gl:<d 
to notice her hunltand's looks— ifao'' In^rsclf 

takin;; np n tahle-kuife that lay near bis *'*t« l*'?'' huabaiid'n armu. Henry ri»«e, Jnlf 
linlMht**<l hreakfiuit. Then, with a Nuddeti perplexed nnd half «uius«d ; lie rtnvv by 
imp(d0*>, he flmnj it savascly from him. The Arthur's lowt^Hn;; brow that a storm was 
knife felt qnivt'ringly in the liuor.aul for that brooding, and— of the world like — 
moment Arthur was a murdervr in liis K'iMsed the cjiuso, instinctively. Mrii. Amph- 

If " 


TiJiirther with GeraHinc'a letter, lay one 
from Mr*. Amf.ldetl,As yet unopened. He 
Irttjke Ihir 8e.ll almott mecliarticjilly, but 
<l'ank in *rory wopI with tldraiy r»is«ion, as 
aoon Hs lie «et in fairly to the reudtng. 

"I hopv joiir bu«in««9 (• pro^mting £in>nnbly, 
■nd (liAt i*iOM prrpUxiog law}«r» litvc nrarlr cfmc to 
tW rnit of olMCtninf m pUia a qnevtlon u tin* was. 

W«*l*«ll.Il UegWioKc jo'iit liomrMgaio, tli.i.igti ••dd Mr* Amphlett, trying to be autUo- 

ii %ar tliat rour miTc bni bc«ti •illy in ntJlllVe. 

r^' . x> 1 rxprrieil. On the eati!r»ry, the 

U ., ..; ,1 tilt (liaa cvL-r, *nil e(«rj-day ftil4i tn U*r 

«X*il*civi*. liopptncM. 81)r thuJo even me Uti|(i ; 
allhungli^si jtttt knoWf I aiii not uiucb driven to ili»t 
cmt'jN: ; but U«r niannrr for thcec lut lliree dxst 
haa bi-cii MJ irrruklililjr cuaiic wbcn apt-aking of yoitt 
•iluttr, iImI rtca I couUI nut lich> juiinrif in ilte 
grnrnU iiicninKht. SUe i« a gouO mimic, 1 fii»l ; fix* 
in ijli: kcriici nt-iili iltc gave — »lte rvprctcnling jiiti aA 
pfntleil by MT11C of tlioM liorriil men, anolbcr u tun 
«rrr hy ono of Ban-lay*! beer wa^goiif, another u 
lying trith a •ilitllng heaiJ»''1)«, rallmp for todv 
vatN zn4 icv> — tlie really acted nHth woKilprful spirit 
v%4 AmnfM, I lltOiigbt llcory wahIiI ti-ive pine 
lata a flt with )*li;;bii>|E: anil it mm rrally very 
4ntL Of r4nrK! 1 knnw Uiat ion were pcrfcctiy tnU; 
m tlaa I aboulil mil linve allowed »uek levity on her 
f*ftt hit I bave Kiren b«r of laie wry gn.*l wopr. 
' »f tiudyitis ber ctfurK-ter; and 1 think 


No!" replied Artbtir, sternly; 
bnitiness 14 with my wife." 

** And your cousin too, I 8U»|tect," muttered 
Cousin ilal to himself. 

Arthur and hii wife pace^i down the 
bruad-walk lca*)inK to the beech avenue. 
He put mU\v the little hand that eousilit to 
cisflp iiiD nilently nnd moodily. KeaehDi^^ a 
f^'nnieu-cludr he mutioned her to aeat her- 
self, while he placed himself by Iter side. 
He WAS n^itated ; auti, ihun^n ivtMtlved 
to finish alt to-day. did not well know 
how 10 bf^in. 8he lu«>kcd so lovidy, ui»<L be 
wivA Itut A yunn^ Ituaband, atnl tliis tln_-ir 
fii»t mcetiti;; ufier soiue tbi^e wcekfi uf se|Mi- 
ration. She bail been so nnfei^'Uedly i;la<l l* 
h4>c him, too, and that did iiot look likv <im>W- 

ncAs: uor had Cousin Hal looked aniioyol ot' 

il.e end «l nlwl I ^nlcd lo kn«w. ,j,t^. . .^„,i t|„„ ,), |,„ |,„^i wiitehed Unm- 
.... j-,.,.„o,i ,>i.M^ \autiizn «« lf«ir,oio.e ^lo^kiiifj f.T cvil-he llf«l lint «er« a nU-.w 

amtci iJiui niiiie. Sbo is ntlaiiie. WliciiGcialiline 
wa* ailing lliuh- Kt-iid, ai I icU yon. ilic cat wiib a 
tct<ird fiOMii 0)t bvi Iwv I and at tb« rntl low rerr 
1>M>|tiiilv, aitJ iL-clnrti) yoiir wife f<ir bi-r l«vity and 
Want nf rerliitf. Henry loub Octnliline'i (wrl; and 
liv iihI Mix Vanglian tpnVc ni'irc traibliilly 
yeUtsIf te «wlt alitor. At ths coMliiaieu vf tba 

p;i<i!t between them that woix- the »liik>hMV ut 
tiiidne intellt.;;ence ; they seemed qoixl fcnnidii* 
AS %Ta^ luiUirrtl, but tliere was nothing 
more ; mo that he f<-lt at a to» now ; fur his 
*,'rt«vanct'» had vmii-die'l niarve)h>n«l»'. 
tior^hliiu' walk the fir«t lo HfH^ak. 


eit, fur the lirdt time iu her life, fetc 
batUed. She had counted on Arthur's re- 
serve, and in (iemldine'ii tiiiiisUty, uut to 
come to an exphinaiion tooetlier. 

After A sulky breitklust, Arthur told 
Geraldino to aecompany him into the park. 
He did not ask her — lie cuiinnant)e<l herj 
much OS if she had been n elave or u chiKI. 
•' Ijet me spe^ik lo you lirst, Artlmr," 

178 [A«««i iJ. miA 



'*SU>nteiliiti^ \* wroth.' wiili you, Aitliurt* 
■he •iiiil qiiicklv, but ti-tMii)*ltit<;. 

" Yifd, Gcriil'liHc— very wriMiif." 

** With nie }" ftnd her hand stole aofllj up 
to Km fwce. 

** Yea. Willi yo« — only witli yon." 

"Whv«lo )oii not look ni me when you 
My po?" slie KHifl, creeping elitsrr to Itiin. 

lie tiirneil lua eyt-n iii«»n lier. Her eye* 
WKtts w full of Idve, her whole mnnner iiiul 
nUvtmle so rloqiieut of chilil-llUe <leTOt«l- 
ne»8. that hi« lic«rt overrt.twed ftii>l ov«r- 
wheliiieJ nil liis jealous laiii:ieff, like feverish 
ilrenrn* (lro«nt'(i in the tiioniiii^ stirtlight. 
Hv tcM^k ht;r IihihU in Itotli nf lii«, mid hM^ketl 
lixfdlyniid hivihtjly, but j^udly, into her eyes. 

" Su Leaiiiil'iil and bo Cdtie !" he said, hull 
alt'Ud. "Inn »he be really faiihle«s with 
cyeji nn full of hive and iitn'HS-nce T Aud, 
yet — has luy mother Ued to niu ?" 

" Why du you speiik 8c» lour, Arthur 1 1 
ciuiiKil henr yoit. Tell nte fmukly, what it la 
that lies oil lotirhrnrt nf^iiunt me. WImt- 
ever it