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Technical information on comprehensive planning, survey of cultural resources, and registration in 

the National Register of Historic Places. 

U.S. Department of the Interior 

National Park Service 
Interagency Resources Division 

How to Complete the National Register 
Multiple Property Documentation Form 







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DEC >99 - 


Mission: As the Nation's principal conservation agency, the Department of 
the Interior has responsibility for most of our nationally-owned public lands 
and natural and cultural resources. This includes fostering wise use of our 
land and water resources, protecting our fish and wildlife, preserving the 
environmental and cultural values of our national parks and historical places, 
and providing for the enjoyment of life through outdoor recreation. The De- 
partment also promotes the goals of the Take Pride in America campaign by 
encouraging stewardship and citizen responsibility for the public lands and 
promoting citizen participation in their care. The Department also has a major 
responsibility for American Indian reservation communitites and for people 
who live in Island Territories under U.S. Administration. 

U.S. Department of the Interior 
National Park Service 
Cultural Resources 


(Top Left) The Inscription Hill Site, part of Los Robles Archeological District, was documented as part of the multiple property submission, 
I lohokam Platform Mound Communities of trie Lower Santa Cruz River Basin, ca. A. P. 1050-1450 in Arizona. The Multiple Property Docu- 
mentation Form presents a comprehensive discussion of the I lohokam Classic period when large, earthen mounds were constructed and served as 
a community center, and settlement patterns were characterized by mounds and associated villages, agricultural fields, and resource processing 
camps. (Arizona State Museum) 

(Top Right) Constructed 1889-1891, the Washington County Courthouse was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places as part of 
the County Courthouses of Nebraska multiple property submission. The Washington County Courthouse was cited as an excellent example of a 
"County Capitol" property type, which represented the mature form of a county courthouse of the late 19th century. It displayed "appropriate 
symbolism and suitable form and function [that] came together fully for the first time." (Barbara Beving Long) 

(Bottom Left) The John Peace, Jr. House in Wilton, North Carolina, was documented as part of the multiple property submission, Historic and 
Architectural Resources of Cranville County. Constructed ca. 1801, the house is significant as one of Granville County's "oldest and most un- 
usually fashioned properties." The house shape, plan, finish, and chimney are reminiscent of architecture in the eastern Tidewater area rather 
than the Northern Piedmont area where it is located. (Marvin A. Brown) 

(Bottom Right) The 1940 rustic kitchen shelter was included in the National Register of Historic Places nomination of Flandrau State Parkas 
part of the multiple property submission, Minnesota State Park CCC/WPA/Rustic Historic Resources. Located near New Ulm, Brown County, 
Minnesota, the Flandrau State Park is significant for its development during the Great Depression by the Civilian Conservation Corps and the 
ss Administration and for its association with the development of the State park system in Minnesota. (RolfT. Anderson) 







National Register Branch 
Interagency Resources Division 

National Park Service 

U. S. Department of the Interior 


For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office 
Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328 
ISBN 0-16-035817-5 


The National Register of Historic 
Places is the official Federal list of dis- 
tricts, sites, buildings, structures, and 
objects significant in American his- 
tory, architecture, archeology, engi- 
neering, and culture. These contrib- 
ute to an understanding of the histori- 
cal and cultural foundations of the 
Nation. The National Register in- 

• All prehistoric and historic units 
of the National Park System; 

• National Historic Landmarks, 
which are properties recognized 
by the Secretary of the Interior as 
possessing national significance; 

• Properties significant in Ameri- 
can, State, or local prehistory and 
history that have been nominated 
by State Historic Preservation Of- 
ficers, Federal agencies, and oth- 
ers, and have been approved for 

listing by the National Park Ser- 

By Federal law, National Register 
listing assists in preserving historic 
properties in several ways: 

• Recognition and appreciation of 
historic properties and their im- 

• Consideration in planning Fed- 
eral and Federally assisted pro- 

• Making property owners eligible 
for Federal tax benefits, 

• Consideration in decisions to 
issue surface coal mining permits, 

• Qualifying preservation projects 
for Federal grant assistance . 

The Historic Sites Act of 1935 (Pub- 
lic Law 74-292) established the Na- 
tional Historic Landmark Survey. 
The National Historic Preservation 

Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-665) au- 
thorized the National Register of His- 
toric Places, expanding Federal recog- 
nition to historic properties of local 
and State significance. The National 
Park Service in the U.S. Department 
of the Interior administers both pro- 
grams. Regulations for these pro- 
grams are contained in 36 CFR Part 
60, National Register of Historic 
Places, and 36 CFR Part 65, National 
Historic Landmarks Program. 

The National Historic Preservation 
Act authorizes State Historic Preser- 
vation Officers (SHPOs) in each State 
and Territory of the United States to 
nominate properties to the National 
Register of Historic Places and to 
carry out other preservation activi- 
ties. Federal Preservation Officers 
(FPOs) have been designated in Fed- 
eral agencies to nominate Federal 
properties and to fulfill other respon- 
sibilities of the Act. 


This bulletin was prepared by 
Antoinette J. Lee, Historian, and 
Linda F. McClelland, Architectural 
Historian, of the National Register 
Branch, under the supervision of 
Carol D. Shull, Chief of Registration. 
Maureen P. Danaher, Historian, of 
the National Register Branch, pro- 
vided design and editorial assistance. 

The bulletin reflects the comments 
and suggestions from State historic 
preservation offices, Federal agen- 
cies, preservation organizations, and 
others. Special appreciation is ex- 
tended to the members of the Na- 
tional Register Task Force of the Na- 
tional Conference of State Historic 
Preservation Officers (NCSHPO), 

chaired by Edward F. Sanderson, 
Deputy State Historic Preservation 
Officer for Rhode Island. Members 
of the National Register staff, Clau- 
dette Stager of the Tennessee Depart- 
ment of Conservation, and Barbara 
Powers of the Ohio Historical Society 
provided valuable comments and as- 


Preface i 

Credits and Acknowledgements ii 

I. The National Register Criteria for Evaluation 1 

II. Introduction 2 

Sample Outline for a Multiple Property Submission 2 

How a Multiple Property Submission is Organized 2 

Computer-Generated Forms 3 

Public Education 3 

III. Completing the Multiple Property Documentation Form 4 

A. Name of Multiple Property Listing 5 

General Guidelines for Multiple Property Submissions 6 

Guidelines for Organizing a Multiple Property Submission Based on a Local Survey 7 

B. Associated Historic Contexts 8 

C. Form Prepared by 9 

D. Certification 10 

E. Statement of Historic Contexts 11 

Guidelines for Documenting a Historic Context 12 

Background Information for Historic Contexts 12 

Historic Contexts Related to Historic or Prehistoric Trends and Patterns 12 

Historic Contexts Related to an Individual or Group of Individuals 13 

Historic Contexts Related to Art, Architecture, Engineering, and Landscape Architecture 13 

Historic Contexts Related to Prehistoric and Historical Archeology 13 

F. Associated Property Types 14 

Property Type Description 14 

Guidelines for Selecting Property Types 15 

Property Type Significance 15 

Property Type Registration Requirements 16 

Examples of Registration Requirements 17 

G. Geographical Data 19 

H. Summary of Identification and Evaluation Methods 20 

Example of Identification and Evaluation Methods 21 

I. Major Bibliographical References 22 

Guidelines for Bibliographical References 22 

Additional Documentation 23 

Continuation Sheets 23 

Guidelines for Continuation Sheets 23 

National Register Registration Forms 24 

Photographs and Maps 24 

IV. Compiling Multiple Property Submissions 25 

V. Amending Multiple Property Submissions 26 


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National Register criteria define, 
for the Nation as a whole, the scope 
and nature of historic and archeologi- 
cal properties that are to be consid- 
ered eligible for listing in the Na- 
tional Register of Historic Places. 


The quality of significance in Amer- 
ican history, architecture, archeology, 
engineering, and culture is present in 
districts, sites, buildings, structures, 
and objects that possess integrity of 
location, design, setting, materials, 
workmanship, feeling, and associa- 
tion and: 

a. That are associated with events 
that have made a significant 
contribution to the broad pat- 
terns of our history; or 

b. That are associated with the lives 
of persons significant in our 
past; or 

c. That embody the distinctive char- 
acteristics of a type, period , or 
method of construction, or that 
represent the work of a master, 
or that possess high artistic val- 
ues, or that represent a signifi- 
cant and distinguishable entity 

whose components may lack in- 
dividual distinction; or 

d. That have yielded, or may be 
likely to yield, information im- 
portant in prehistory or history. 


Ordinarily cemeteries, birthplaces, 
or graves of historical figures, proper- 
ties owned by religious institutions 
or used for religious purposes, struc- 
tures that have been moved from 
their original locations, reconstructed 
historic buildings, properties primar- 
ily commemorative in nature, and 
properties that have achieved signifi- 
cance within the past 50 years shall 
not be considered eligible for the Na- 
tional Register. However, such prop- 
erties will qualify if they are integral 
parts of districts that do meet the cri- 
teria or if they fall within the follow- 
ing categories: 

a. A religious property deriving pri- 
mary significance from architec- 
tural or artistic distinction or 
historical importance; or 

b. A building or structure removed 
from its original location but 
which is significant primarily 
for architectural value, or which 

is the surviving structure most 
importantly associated with a 
historic person or event; or 

c. A birthplace or grave of a histori- 
cal figure of outstanding impor- 
tance if there is no other 
appropriate site or building di- 
rectly associated with his pro- 
ductive life ; or 

d. A cemetery that derives its pri- 
mary significance from graves 
of persons of transcendent im- 
portance, from age, from dis- 
tinctive design features, or from 
association with historic events; 

e. A reconstructed building when 
accurately executed in a suit- 
able environment and pre- 
sented in a dignified manner as 
part of a restoration master 
plan, and when no other build- 
ing or structure with the same 
association has survived; or 

f. A property primarily commemo- 
rative in intent if design, age, 
tradition, or symbolic value has 
invested it with its own histori- 
cal significance; or 

g. A property achieving signifi- 
cance within the past 50 years if 
it is of exceptional importance. 


The National Register of Historic 
Places Multiple Property Documenta- 
tion Form (NPS 10-900-b) nominates 
groups of related significant proper- 
ties. On it, the themes, trends, and 
patterns of history shared by the 
properties are organized into historic 
contexts and the property types that 
represent those historic contexts are 

The Multiple Property Documenta- 
tion Form is a cover document and 
not a nomination in its own right, but 
serves as a basis for evaluating the 
National Register eligibility of related 
properties. It may be used to nomi- 
nate and register thematically-related 
historic properties simultaneously or 
to establish the registration require- 
ments for properties that may be 
nominated in the future. The nomi- 
nation of each building, site, district, 
structure, or object within a thematic 
group is made on the National Regis- 
ter Registration Form (NPS 10-900). 
The name of the thematic group, de- 
noting the historical framework of 
nominated properties, is the multiple 
property listing. When nominated 
and listed in the National Register of 
Historic Places, the Multiple Property 
Documentation Form, together with 
individual registration forms, consti- 
tute a multiple property submission. 

The Multiple Property Documenta- 
tion Form streamlines the method of 
organizing information collected in 
surveys and research for registration 
and preservation planning purposes. 
The form facilitates the evaluation of 
individual properties by comparing 
them with resources that share sim- 
ilar physical characteristics and his- 
torical associations. Information com- 
mon to the group of properties is pre- 
sented in the Multiple Property Docu- 
mentation Form, while information 
specific to each individual building, 
site, district, structure, or object is 
placed on an individual registration 
form. As a management tool, the the- 
matic approach can furnish essential 
information for historic preservation 


A. Multiple property listing name 

Historic and Architectural Resources of Granville County, North 

B. Associated historic contexts 

The Plantation Era in Granville County, 1746-1865 

Bright Leaf Tobacco and Rural Granville County, 1866-1937 

Bright Leaf Tobacco and the Ascendancy of Oxford, 1866-1937 

C. Associated property types 

Georgian and Federal Style Dwellings 
Greek Revival and Romantic Style Dwellings 
Bright Leaf Era Farmhouses and Tenant Houses 
Romantic, Victorian and Eclectic Style Buildings in Oxford 
Commercial, Industrial, Institutional and Religious Buildings 

Plantation Era 

Bright Leaf Era, Rural Granville County 

Bright Leaf Era, Oxford 


D. National Register Registration Forms 

This multiple property submission encompassed nomination forms on 
houses, mills, landscapes, farms, plantations, historic districts, churches, 
orphanages, masonic lodges, and commercial buildings, including: 

Rufus Amis House and Mill 

Oxford Historic District 

Puckett Family Farm 

Lewis Wimbish Plantation 

Central Orphanage 

Salem Methodist Church 

Bobbitt-Rogers House and Tobacco Manufactory District 

planning because it evaluates proper- 
ties on a comparative basis within a 
given geographical area and because 
it can be used to establish preserva- 
tion priorities based on historical sig- 


The organization of a multiple 
property submission has both gen- 
eral and specific components. The 
multiple property listing is named 
for the subject oi the listing. Under 
this general heading, one or more his- 
toric contexts may be identified. In 

the National Register program, his- 
toric contexts include three elements: 
a historical theme, geographical area, 
and chronological period. Historic 
contexts describe the impact of vari- 
ous historic themes, trends, or pat- 
terns on areas as small as part of a 
community or as large as the nation. 
The property type analysis occupies 
the middle ground between the gen- 
eral historic context and the individ- 
ual property. At the most specific 
level, the National Register Registra- 
tion Form illustrates how an individ- 
ual property or historic district re- 
lates to the historic contexts, repre- 
sents a property type, and meets reg- 
istration requirements for the type. 

For examples of multiple property 
submissions, see National Register Bul- 
letin 35: National Register Casebook: Ex- 
amples of Documentation, Historical 
and Architectural Resources of Gran- 
ville, North Carolina, Case 35-1 and His- 
toric Resources ofOakes, North Dakota, 
Case 35-2. The National Register staff 
may be consulted for information on 
multiple property submissions that 
may already have been completed de- 
fining specific historic contexts. Re- 
search on subject areas, such as min- 
ing, building types, and maritime re- 
sources, may already have been con- 
ducted as part of a multiple property 
submission and may be applicable to 
other localities and states. Instruc- 
tions for completing the individual 
registration forms are found in Na- 
tional Register Bulletin 16 A: How to 
Complete the National Register Registra- 
tion Form. The Secretary of the 
Interior's Standards and Guidelines for 
Archeology and Historic Preservation 
may be consulted for additional infor- 
mation on standards for preservation 
planning, identification, evaluation, 
and registration. The State Historic 

Preservation Officer (SHPO) and Fed- 
eral Preservation Officer (FPO) also 
may provide information on historic 

In order to be approved by the 
Keeper of the National Register, the 
submitted Multiple Property Docu- 
mentation Form must include at least 
one historic context and one associ- 
ated property type discussion. Addi- 
tional historic contexts and associ- 
ated property types may be submit- 
ted at a later date. Individual Na- 
tional Register Registration Forms 
may accompany the Multiple Prop- 
erty Documentation Form, or they 
may be submitted later. The origina- 
tor of the Multiple Property Docu- 
mentation Form may prepare this in- 
formation or registration forms, or 
Federal or State agencies, private or- 
ganizations, or individuals. 

The approach taken in organizing 
multiple property submissions will 
depend upon a number of factors, in- 
cluding trie nature and number of the 
resources expected to form the the- 
matic group and the extent to which 
historic contexts and evaluations of 
property types have been developed. 
Practical considerations, such as staff, 
time, amount and source of funding, 
availability of information, and exper- 
tise, may help determine how many 
and which historic contexts and prop- 
erty types are treated. Planning con- 
cerns, such as development pres- 
sures, other threats to historic re- 
sources, and planning priorities and 
goals, also may strongly influence de- 
cisions about the areas looked at and 
the historic contexts documented at 
any given time. 


Computer-generated forms may be 
used in place of the National Park 
Service forms and continuation 
sheets if they meet certain require- 
ments. These forms must list in 
order all items as they appear on the 
National Register forms. They must 
also contain the form number and 
the OMB approval number appear- 
ing in the upper right hand corner of 
the form, and be printed with a letter- 
quality printer on archivally stable 
paper. The National Park Service can 
provide a template for the National 
Register Multiple Property Documen- 
tation Form that can be used with a 
variety of personal computers (IBM- 
DOS compatible) and word process- 
ing software. Applicants should 
check with the SHPO or FPO before 
using a computer-generated form. 


Although multiple property sub- 
missions constitute the most com- 
mon use of research and documenta- 
tion of historic contexts, the informa- 
tion may serve broader public educa- 
tion uses. The forms themselves are 
of value for public education. The 
narrative also may be used in histori- 
cal publications, tourist pamphlets, 
walking tour notes, and educational 
manuals directed at elementary and 
secondary school students. The Na- 
tional Park Service encourages the 
use of information collected for pub- 
lic education including the develop- 
ment of interpretive programs and 


The National Register Multiple 
Property Documentation Form docu- 
ments groups of thematically re- 
lated properties. This form defines 
and describes one or more historic 
contexts, describes associated prop- 
erty types related to the historic con- 
texts, and establishes significance 
and integrity requirements for nomi- 
nating properties to the National Reg- 

The following instructions are or- 
ganized to correspond to sections of 
the Multiple Property Documenta- 
tion Form. 

Indicate at the top of the form if the 
material is a new submission or an 
amended submission (see page 26 for 
information on amending multiple 
property submissions). 

NPS Form 10-900-b 0MB No 102 4-00in 

(June 1991) 

United States Department of the Interior 
National Park Service 

National Register of Historic Places 
Multiple Property Documentation Form 

This form is used for documenting mulliple properly groups relating to one or several historic contexts See instructions in How ro Complete the 
Multiple Property Documentation Form (National Register Bulletin 16B) Complete each item by entering the requested inlormation For 
additional space, use continuation sheets (Form 10-900-a) Use a typewriter, word processor, or computer to complete all items 

New Submission 

Amended Submission 

A. Name of Multiple Property Listing 

B. Associated Historic Contexts 

(Name each associated historic context. Identifying theme, geographical area, and chronological period tor each t 

C. Form Prepared by 




street & number 


city or town 


zip code 

D. Certification 

As the designated authority under (he National Historic Preservation Act ot 1966, as amended, I hereby certify thai this documentation form 
meets the National Regisler documentation standards and sets forth requirements for the listing of related properties consistent with the 
National Register criteria. This submission meets the procedural and professional requirements set forth in 36 CFR Part 60 and the 
Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation (Q See continuation sheet for additional 
comments } 

Signature and title of certifying official 

State or Federal agency and bureau 

I hereby certify that this multiple property documentation lorm has been approved by the National Regisler as a basis tor evaluating related 
properties lor listing in the National Register 

Signature of the Keeper 


A. Name of Multiple Property Listing 

In the space provided, enter a 
name that identifies the thematic 
group of properties being docu- 
mented. The name should be based 
on the broad unifying themes, 
trends, or patterns that link proper- 
ties within the submission, such as 
historic events, significant persons, 
architectural styles, archeological 
types, physical characteristics, or 
other common characteristics to 
which the group as a whole relates. 
The name also should identify the ge- 
ographical area, such as a commu- 
nity or county, and cultural affilia- 
tion associated with the group. It 
may identify a time period as well. 

If the listing is related to a small 
group of thematically related prop- 

erty types dispersed over a broad ge- 
ographical area, select names such as 
Rural School Buildings in Washington 
State or Hopewell Ceremonial, Ritualis- 
tic, and Mortuary/Burial Structures in 
the Southern Ohio Watersheds. If the 
listing covers a variety of historic re- 
sources within geographical and tem- 
poral limits, a title such as The Indian 
Use of the Salt Pond Region between 
4000 B.P. and 1750 A.D. may be se- 
lected. If a listing is based on a sur- 
vey for a specific geographical area, a 
general title such as the Historic Re- 
sources of Boney fiddle, Ohio, may be ap- 
propriate. Depending on the organi- 
zation of the thematic group nomina- 
tion and the properties it encom- 
passes, the name of the multiple 

property listing may be the same as 
the name of the associated historic 


Hohokam Platform Mound Communi- 
ties of the Lower Santa Criz River 
Basin, Arizona, ca. A.D. 1050-1450 

Historic and Architectural Properties 
of Hudson, Ohio 

Metal Mining and Tourist Era Re- 
sources of Boulder County, Colorado 

Minnesota State Park CCC/WPA/Rus- 
tic Style Historic Resources 

The Orin Porter House was included in a boundary increase for the Hudson Historic District, 
nominated as part of the multiple property submission, Historic and Architectural Properties of 
Hudson in Summit County, Ohio. The boundary increase was justified on the basis of its associ- 
ation with the development of the community's post-Civil War era railroad -based economy. The 
owner of this house, Orin Porter, was a significant architect associated with the architectural de- 
velopment of this section of the historic district. (Lois Newkirk) 


• A Multiple Property Documentation Form is a document for recording written statements of historic context 
and associated property types, thereby providing a framework for evaluating a thematic group of historic 

• A multiple property submission may be based on one or more historic contexts. 

• The contents of a multiple property submission may be organized because: 

1 . One or more historic contexts and related property types are represented. 

2. Related properties exist or are likely to exist in sufficient numbers to warrant registration in the 
multiple property format. 

3. The needs of Federal, State, or local preservation planning goals and priorities are addressed. 

• A historic context is a body of information about related properties organized by theme, place, and time. 

• The theme underlying the historic context may be based on one or several broad areas of significance, or on 
more specific events and activities or patterns of physical or cultural development related to one or several 
areas of significance. 

• The geographical area covered by a historic context is based on the location and extent of properties known 
or likely to exist or have existed related to the historic context, such as a community developed as a regional 
center of commerce, a river valley having a common pattern of cultural development, or an area across several 
states settled by one particular ethnic group. 

• The time period covered by a historic context is based on the period of time when the events significant to 
the historic context are known to have occurred. 

• A multiple property submission may cover any geographical scale — local, regional, State or national — and 
need not be the same level as that of the related historic contexts. 

• While a multiple property group or a historic context is organized at a specific geographical level, an individ- 
ual property may be evaluated at another, often smaller, geographical level. If so, the property's relationship 
to its historic context must be considered. 

• A property type may relate to one or several historic contexts. The significance of a property type is based 
on a knowledge of its respective historic contexts. 

• A property type and its related properties may have significance in history, architecture, engineering, archeol- 
ogy, or culture, or a combination of these disciplines, and may meet one or more of the National Register cri- 

• Multiple property listings may arise from historic contexts identified in the Federal, State, or local planning 


Many multiple property submissions arc based on surveys or inventories of historic, architectural, cultural, or 
archeological properties, particularly for communities. The following guidelines may be helpful in these cases: 

• Through a study of primary and secondary sources, predictive studies, field survey, and other techniques, 
compile information about the prehistory and history of the community and the existence of related historic 

• Carefully analyze the information to identify the broad patterns and stages in the area's prehistory or history. 
Relate these to the National Register criteria and areas of significance. Consider: 

1 . Stages and patterns of area settlement and development, important events, and significant persons. 

2. Aesthetic and artistic values embodied in architecture, art, craftsmanship, construction technology, or the 
style and work of a master. 

3. Research values or problems related to the area's prehistory and history, social and physical sciences and 
humanities, and local cultural interests. 

• Determine which historic patterns or developments can be studied on a local level, and which need to be stud- 
ied in a larger geographical context, such as the State, region, or the nation as a whole. Consider the ways in 
which the patterns and stages of local development relate to the historic contexts that have been identified in 
the Statewide preservation planning process. 

• Define a particular period of time, geographical area, and theme for each major stage or pattern of develop- 
ment, identifying a set of historic contexts that can be used to organize information about the history and pre- 
history of the locality and its related historic properties. 

• Document the locality's history and prehistory in Section E of the multiple property form, using the historic 
contexts as the framework for organizing the information. 

• The survey identifies various kinds of properties found in the local community or geographical area accord- 
ing to each historic context. Group these into property types based on their common physical or associative 

• Document each property type in Section F of the multiple property form. Using survey data and other infor- 
mation, describe the associative and physical characteristics that define each property type and discuss its sig- 
nificance to the historic context. Assess the qualities and condition of existing related properties. Determine 
the characteristics or qualities and the degree of historic integrity required for the registration of related prop- 
erties in the National Register as a member of the property type. 

• Apply the registration requirements to each surveyed property possessing similar physical or associative char- 
acteristics. Compare the characteristics, qualities, and degree of integrity required for registration to that of 
each property to determine if it qualifies for registration as a member of the property type. 

• Document on a National Register Registration Form each property determined to meet the registration re- 
quirements. Special instructions for properties submitted as part of a multiple property listing should be fol- 

• Organize the documentation for all and any combination of the historic contexts and property types and the 
forms for each property documented, into one or several multiple property submissions. 


B. Associated Historic Contexts 

(Name each associated historic context, identifying theme, geographical area, and chronological period for each ) 

Enter the name of the historic con- 
texts related to the multiple property 
submission and used in preparing 
the multiple property form. For each 
historic context, determine the appro- 
priate theme, geographical area, and 
chronological period for each context. 

Historic contexts may include those 
identified in the State historic preser- 
vation office comprehensive plan- 
ning process. According to the Secre- 
tary of the Interior's Standards and 
Guidelines for Archeology and Historic 
Preservation, historic contexts provide 
information about the historical pat- 
terns and trends that produced indi- 
vidual properties. Historic contexts 
serve as the foundation for decisions 
about the identification, evaluation, 
registration, and treatment of historic 
properties. For further explanation 
of historic contexts, see discussion in 
section E. 

Main Street was included in the Gold Hill Historic District, a property nominated to the Na- 
tional Register of Historic Places as part of the Metal Mining and Tourist Era Resources of Boul- 
der County, Colorado multiple property submission. Dating from the early 1S70s, the Gold Hill 
Historic District is considered the most "intact representation of the early mountain communi- 
ties that developed as a result of the precious metal mining in Boulder County." (Deborah 



Hohokam Platform Mound Communities of the Lower 
Santa Cruz River Basin, Arizona, ca. A.D. 1050-1450 

The Foundation, Occupation, and Abandonment of 
Hohokam Platform Mound Communities of the Lower 
Santa Cruz River Basin, ca. A.D. 1050-1450 

Historic and Architectural Properties of Hudson, Ohio 

Pioneer Days and the Connecticut Influence, 1799-1825 
Architectural and Historic Impact of Western Reserve 
College, 1825-1850 

Railroad Prosperity/Merchant Builders, 1850-1907 
Historic Restoration/Model Town, 1907-1925 

Exurbia. 1925-1940 

Metal Mining and Tourist Era Resources of Boulder 
County, Colorado 

Early Settlement and Community Development in the 
Mountain Region of Boulder County, 1858-1910 

Recreation and Tourism in Boulder County's Mountain 
Region, 1900-1925 

Minnesota State Park CCC/WPA/Rustic Style Historic 

Landscape Architecture in Minnesota State Parks, 1933- 

State Park Development in Minnesota State Parks, 1889- 

Rustic Style Architecture in Minnesota State Parks, 1905- 

CCC/WPA Federal Relief Programs in Minnesota State 
Parks, 1933-1942 


C. Form Prepared by 




street & number 
city or town 


zip code _ 

Enter the name, title, organization, 
address, and daytime telephone 
number of the person who compiled 
the information contained in the doc- 
umentation form. The SHPO, the 
FPO, or the National Park Service 
may contact this person if questions 
arise about the form or if additional 
information is needed. 

The 1939 water tower is a contributing building in the National Register of Historic Places 
nomination of Lake Bronson State Park in Kittson County, Minnesota. The eligibility of the 
park was justified for its association with the Minnesota State Park CCC/W PA/ Rustic Style 
Historic Resources multiple property submission. The historic resources of Like Bronson State 
Park are significant as "outstanding examples of rustic style split stone construction." (Rolf T. 


D. Certification 

As the designated authority under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended, I hereby certify that this documentation form 
meets the National Register documentation standards and sets forth requirements for the listing of related properties consistent with the 
National Register criteria. This submission meets the procedural and professional requirements set forth in 36 CFR Part 60 and the 
Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and Historic Preservation (□ See continuation sheet for additional 
comments ) 

Signature and title of certifying official 


State or Federal agency and bureau 

I hereby certify that this multiple property documentation form has been approved by the National Register as a basis for evaluating related 
properties for listing in the National Register 

Signature of the Keeper 

Date of Action 

The State Historic Preservation 
Officer (SHPO), Federal Preserva- 
tion Officer (FPO), or other Federal 
official completes this section to cer- 
tify the completeness of the informa- 
tion on the multiple property form 
and the fulfillment of the procedural 
and professional requirements for 
submission. The role of the SHPO, 
FPO, and other Federal officials, in 
each case, depends on several things: 
the action being requested, agency 
initiating the action, ownership of 
property, and requirements in 36 
CFR Part 60. 

To determine the appropriate certi- 
fying official in a particular case, 
refer to Appendix VII of National Reg- 
ister Bulletin 16 A: How to Complete the 
National Register Registration Form. 
For a list of SHPOs, FPOs, and Na- 
tional Park Service regional offices, 

see Appendix IX of the same publica- 

The State or Federal authority signs 
the statement and provides the date 
and the name of his or her agency or 
bureau. Upon approval of the form, 
the Keeper of the National Register 
will sign and date the form. 

Each individual property submit- 
ted as part of the multiple property 
submission is certified separately on 
its respective registration form. 

Additional certifying officials 
should sign and date a continuation 
sheet containing the statement: "As 
the designated authority under the 
National Historic Preservation Act, 
as amended, I hereby certify that this 
documentation form meets the Na- 
tional Register documentation stan- 
dards and sets forth requirements 
consistent with the National Register 
criteria. This submission meets the 

procedural and professional require- 
ments set forth in 36 CFR Part 60 and 
the Secretary of the Interior's Standards 
and Guidelines for Archeology and His- 
toric Preservation." Local government 
officials, including those in CLGs, 
and other persons may express their 
opinions in a letter accompanying 
the form. 

Although only the individual prop- 
erties documented for eligibility as 
part of the listing will be registered in 
the National Register and included in 
the National Register Information 
System, the multiple property form 
will become a permanent part of the 
written records of the National Regis- 
ter. It is used as a basis for the evalu- 
ation of registration forms appended 
at the time of the initial submission 
and subsequently as additional prop- 
erties are submitted. 



Statement of Historic Contexts 

(If more than one historic context is documented, present them in sequential order ) 

Provide a written narrative of the 
historic contexts related to the multi- 
ple property submission. To qualify 
for listing in the National Register of 
Historic Places , a property must be 
significant; that is, it must represent a 
significant historic context in the his- 
tory, architecture, archeology, engi- 
neering, or culture of an area, and it 
must have the characteristics that 
make it a good representative of 
properties associated with that con- 
text. Historic contexts are those pat- 
terns or trends in history by which a 
specific occurrence, property, or site 
is understood and its meaning (and 
ultimately its significance) within pre- 
history or history is made clear. 

Historians, architectural historians, 
folklorists, archeologists, and anthro- 
pologists use different words to de- 
scribe this phenomena such as trend, 
pattern, theme, or cultural affiliation, 
but the concept is the same. The con- 
cept of historic context is not a new 
one; it has been fundamental to the 
study of history since the 18th cen- 
tury and, arguably, earlier than that. 
Its core premise is that resources, 
properties, or happenings in history 
do not occur in a vacuum but rather 
are part of larger trends or patterns. 

For the multiple property submis- 
sion, the statement of historic context 
is a written narrative that describes 
the unifying thematic framework. 
The historic context statement must 
be developed in sufficient depth to 
support the relevance, the relation- 
ships, and the importance of the 
properties to be considered. For the 
purposes of the National Register 
program, the statement of historic 
contexts requires a consistent frame- 
work: theme, geographical area, and 
chronological period. This organiza- 
tion provicies for a standardized 
means of describing and explaining 

the significance of a wide variety of 

Depending on the nature of the his- 
toric properties and the informed 
judgment of the nomination pre- 
parer, the historic context may repre- 
sent any one of a range of historical 
frames of reference. There are many 
ways in which to look at historic 
properties and thus many ways of 
documenting contexts. The ap- 
proach should be determined by the 
purpose or need for evaluating and 
managing historic properties. 

If there is a need to know more 
about particular kinds of resources, a 
thematic approach may be called for. 
Historic context may emphasize eco- 
nomic, social, and political forces, 
such as certain industries, arts, litera- 
ture, and military subjects. A historic 
context may be associated with the 
lite of a person or groups of persons 
that influenced the destiny and char- 
acter of a region. Architectural 
styles, building and structural types, 
and building materials and methods 
of construction also may serve as the 
organizing device for the historic con- 
text. Care should be taken not to de- 
fine the context too narrowly so as to 
limit its applicability to preservation 
decision making. For example, a his- 
toric context covering three-story 
apartment houses will be far less use- 
ful than one defined by the general 
apartment house building type. Or, 
a historic context may be based on a 
research topic or archcological site 
type that will expand existing knowl- 
edge of an area's development, past 
cultural affiliation, and human activi- 
ties and interaction. 

If there is a need to know more 
about properties in a particular area, 
such as when a Certified Local Gov- 
ernment wishes to survey and inven- 
tory the resources within its jurisdic- 
tion, then a geographically-based ap- 

proach would be appropriate. A geo- 
graphically-based historic context 
may be at the scale of a community, 
town, city, county, State, region, na- 
tion, or physiographic area and may 
treat all or some of the themes and 
periods in a given area. A manage- 
ment unit, such as a park, public for- 
est, or transportation system, also 
may be a geographically-based his- 
toric context. For such historic con- 
texts, prehistory and history prior to 
the establishment of the management 
unit should take into account pat- 
terns and trends beyond the modern 
boundaries. For geographically- 
based historic contexts, the following 
may be addressed: the developmen- 
tal phases in the area's history; the 
economic, social, and political forces 
that affected the area's physical form, 
and factors that gave the community 
or area its own distinct character sep- 
arate from that of like or other settle- 

If there is a need to know more 
about the properties of a particular 
period in history, a chronologically- 
based approach is called for. Such 
historic contexts may focus on a pre- 
historic period, such as a historic con- 
text devoted to prehistoric hunters 
and gatherers ca. 10,000-200 B.P. 
They also may focus on historical pe- 
riods, such as the post-Civil War era, 
the Great Depression, or early settle- 

The discussion of historic context 
should introduce a definition of the 
property type, its locational patterns, 
and general characteristics. These 
topics are defined in greater detail in 
section F. 

If more than one historic context is 
documented, they should be pre- 
sented in sequential order. Nor- 
mally, the historic contexts discus- 
sion stands as a discrete narrative sec- 
tion, followed by the discussion of 



The Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Archeology and 
Historic Preservation offer the following steps for documenting a historic 

• Identify the concept (or theme), chronological period, and geographi- 
cal area for the historic context. 

• Assemble information about the historic context: 

1 . Collect information about the prehistory or history of the geograph- 
ical area encompassed by the historic context, including informa- 
tion about properties that have already been identified. Identify 
groups of properties that may have important roles in defining 
historic contexts and values. 

2. Assess information to identify bias in historic perspective, method- 
ological approach, or area of coverage. 

• Synthesize information. Prepare a written narrative of the historic 
context, providing a detailed synthesis of the data collected and ana- 
lyzed. Important patterns, events, persons, architectural types and 
styles, or cultural values should be identified. Consider: 

1 . Trends in area settlement and development; 

2. Aesthetic and artistic values embodied in architecture, construc- 
tion, technology, or craftsmanship, and 

3. Research values. 

• Define property types. 

1 . Identify property types that have relevance and importance in illus- 
trating the historic context. Determine how the National Register 
criteria would apply to examples of each on the basis of the impor- 
tant patterns, events, persons, and cultural values discussed in the 
written narrative of historic context. Also, outline and justify the 
specific physical and associative characteristics and quality of his- 
toric integrity that an individual property must possess to be eligi- 
ble for listing as a member of the property type. 

2. Characterize the locational patterns of property types, that is, gener- 
alize about where particular types of property are likely to be 

3. Characterize the current condition of known properties relating to 
each property type. 

property types. Depending on the 
nature of the historic properties, how- 
ever, it may be advantageous to pres- 
ent each historic context followed by 
its corresponding property type be- 
fore proceeding to the next historic 
context. The National Park Service 
will accept either approach to the 
order of these sections, provided that 
the requested information is included 
and clearly labelled. 


Background information for his- 
toric contexts may include facts 

• Prehistoric cultural occupations. 

• Exploration and settlement. 

• The social and cultural environ- 

• The natural character of the area, 
including waterways, natural fea- 
tures, natural resources, climate, 
terrain, soil conditions, and its re- 
lationship to manmade develop- 

• Development of transportation 
routes, commerce, industry, immi- 
gration, and settlement patterns, 
and the development /establish- 
ment of communities/towns and 
government . 

• Historic patterns and stages of 
community or regional growth. 

• Contemporary manmade charac- 
ter of the area, including popula- 
tion density, patterns of land use, 
nature of physical development, 
and general condition of cultural 


For historic contexts related to his- 
toric or prehistoric trends and pat- 
terns of development such as com- 
merce, industry, settlement, educa- 
tion, transportation, communication, 
etc., discuss: 

• The historical development char- 
acterizing the theme or themes on 
which the historic contexts are 
based, including major stages of 
growth, pivotal events, signifi- 
cant ethnic or personal associa- 
tions, and political or legislative 

• Principal dates, events, activities, 
persons, associations, and devel- 
opmental forces related to the 

• The relationship of cultural and 
environmental influences such as 
transportation, immigration, poli- 
tics, commerce, industry, technol- 
ogy, communications, access to 
natural resources, climatic and 
soil conditions, and topography 
to the course of events related to 
the historic contexts. 



For historic contexts related to the 
life of an individual or a group of in- 
dividuals, discuss: 

• The major achievements of the in- 
dividual or individuals. 

• How the achievements or career 
influenced life in the locality, re- 
gion, State, or nation. 

• The role of the individual or 
group in spreading a distinctive 
culture, religion, or philosophy 
throughout a geographical area. 

• The entirety of the individual's or 
group's career and its reflection 
in the historic properties. 








For historic contexts related to art, 
architecture, engineering, and land- 
scape architecture, discuss: 

• Principal types, styles, time peri- 
ods, and methods of construction 
on which the theme or themes un- 
derlying the historic contexts are 

• Principal architects, landscape ar- 
chitects, artists, builders, crafts- 
men, or designers identified with 
the historic contexts; if related to 
the work of one or a small group 
of artisans, the evolution and dis- 
tinguishing features of their work. 

• The impact of architectural char- 
acteristics, such as scale, propor- 
tions, materials, workmanship, 
stylistic details, spatial arrange- 
ments, construction techniques, 
and aesthetic quality on the over- 
all architectural character of a par- 
ticular geographical area or 
period of time. 

• The relationship of cultural influ- 
ences such as immigration, 
settlement, commerce, transporta- 
tion, communications, develop- 
ments in technology, and 
industrial developments to the de- 
velopment of style, type, and 
method of construction. 

• The relationship of environmen- 
tal influences such as climate, nat- 
ural features, soil conditions, and 
presence of natural resources to 
the development of style, type, or 
method of construction. 


For historic contexts related to pre- 
historic and historical archeology, 

• Types of archeological properties, 
including periods of time, related 
research topics, cultural affilia- 
tions, general physical characteris- 
tics, and probable kinds of 
important research data repre- 
sented by the historic contexts. 

• Results of archeological, ethno- 
graphic, or historic research al- 
ready conducted or otherwise 
pertinent to an understanding of 
the historic contexts and related 
property types. 

• Important categories of informa- 
tion known or believed to exist 
relative to the historic contexts. 

• Cultural and environmental influ- 
ences that determined the loca- 
tion, distribution, and quality of 
sites or resources historically, and 
that have affected the potential of 
existing sites and resources to 
yield important information. 

• Research value and other uses of 
information and information cate- 
gories likely to be yielded by a 
study of related property types. 



Associated Property Types 

(Provide description, significance, and registration requirements.) 

For each property type, provide 
the name, description, statement of 
significance, and registration re- 
quirements for National Register list- 
ing. The property type description 
and statement of significance need 
not be lengthy if the information is al- 
ready discussed in section E, but it 
should be summarized. 

Property type ties the historic con- 
text to specific historic properties, so 
that National Register eligibility can 
be assessed. A property type is a 
grouping of individual properties 
characterized by common physical 
and /or associative attributes. Physi- 
cal attributes include style, structural 
type, size, scale, proportions, design, 
architectural details, method of con- 
struction, orientation, spatial arrange- 
ment or plan, materials, workman- 
ship, artistry, and environmental rela- 
tionships. Care should be taken not 
to define property types too nar- 
rowly — according to a localized ar- 
chitectural feature, size , scale, fea- 
ture, proportions, etc. Associative at- 
tributes include the property's rela- 
tionship to important persons, activi- 
ties, and events, based on informa- 
tion such as dates, functions, cultural 
affiliations, and relationship to impor- 
tant research topics. 

Discuss the specific characteristics 
qualifying or disqualifying specific 
properties for listing. These charac- 
teristics may include physical or asso- 
ciative attributes or relate to integrity 
considerations. For purposes of dis- 
cussion and analysis, it may be useful 
to divide some property types into 
subtypes. For example, in the Metal 
Mining and Tourist Era Resources of 
Boulder County, Colorado multiple 
property listing, the property type 
vernacular domestic dwelling is divided 
into the subtypes: pioneer log, ver- 
nacular wood frame, and vernacular 

Property type analysis is a tool for 
evaluating related properties. The 
conclusion of this analysis is the regis- 
tration requirements. The analysis 

also is useful for assessing variations 
within a particular property type. If 
subtypes are identified, registration 
requirements may be divided be- 
tween the general qualifications for 
members of the types and more spe- 
cific features of the subtypes. The 
analysis of subtypes will be more de- 
tailed, and therefore, more useful for 
the evaluation of identified proper- 
ties. Property type analysis is not 
necessary on this form for unique or 
rare resources because the informa- 
tion can appear on the registration 
form within the multiple property 

A property type may include a vari- 
ety of buildings and structures with 
diverse physical characteristics or 
may be based on distinguishable 
structural types or functions. Rail- 
road-Era Construction in Watrous 
could include commercial, industrial, 
civic, and residential buildings of the 
period as well as structures directly 
associated with the railroad. The 
property type, effigy mounds is lim- 
ited to a specific archeological site 
type. Round barn is based on architec- 
tural form, whereas dairy farms and fa- 
cilities is based on function and associ- 
ation with a specific agricultural ac- 


In concise narrative form, describe 
the physical characteristics and asso- 
ciative qualities that define each 
property type. Descriptions should 
discuss a combination of physical 
and associative characteristics. Physi- 
cal or associative characteristics may 
be emphasized depending on the sig- 
nificance of the property type. Prop- 
erty types significant under Criteria 
A and B, for historical associations, 
will likely emphasize associative 
characteristics, whereas those under 
Criterion C will likely emphasize 

physical characteristics. Criterion D 
may emphasize associations with 
events, trends, or individuals; repre- 
sentatives of a group, or physical 

• Physical characteristics such as 
style, period, site or structural 
type, size, scale, proportions, de- 
sign, architectural details, method 
of construction, siting, orienta- 
tion, spatial arrangement or plan, 
materials, workmanship, artistry, 
and environmental relationships. 

• Associative characteristics such 
as the property's relationship to 
important activities, persons, or 
events, including information 
such as dates, functions, role, cul- 
tural affiliations, relationship to 
important research topics, and 
the presence of natural features 
or resources that helped deter- 
mine location. 

• Geographical information such as 
the property's relationship to nat- 
ural resources, climate, topo- 
graphical features, and soil 
conditions that may have been re- 
lied upon for industry, transporta- 
tion, defense, or subsistence, or 
that helped determine the siting, 
location, form, design, function, 
and materials of associated cul- 
tural resources. 

• The likely nature of boundaries 
for related properties and any spe- 
cial factors to be considered in se- 
lecting boundaries, such as the 
likelihood of the resource to exist 
in groups or in combination with 
other significant property types 
forming historic districts. 

• Variations occurring within the 
property type due to changing 
cultural, chronological, or geo- 
graphical influences. 



In selecting property types, consider the following: 

• Form, function, associations, events, or physical characteristics should 
be considered in selecting and determining the name of a property 

• The selection should be based on a knowledge of the relevant historic 
contexts, and then on whether or not the type is a manageable and ef- 
ficient tool for evaluating eligibility for National Register listing. 

• Property types may be defined to include resources that are associ- 
ated with the general growth or prosperity influenced by the theme 
and that are not directly resultant from the predominant theme of the 

• A property type may consist of one or more related structural types. 
The property type, Carnegie libraries in Iowa, would only include li- 
brary buildings, whereas, railroad-era buildings and structures in 

Wat rous could include commercial buildings, public buildings, resi- 
dences, bridges, storage sheds, as well as railroad stations and freight- 

• The fullest extent of the significant historic values of a group of re- 
lated resources should be considered. For example, discussion of a 
round barn as a property type may concentrate on the resource's inher- 
ent architectural values while dairy farms and facilities recognizes a 
broader spectrum of significant and interrelated architectural and his- 
torical values. 

• A property type may include buildings, sites, structures, objects, his- 
toric districts, or any combination of these resources. 

• Historic districts may be a separate property type or may be included 
within a property type that combines it with other resources such as 
buildings and sites. 

• A property type may relate to one or more of the National Register 

• Base property types related to Criterion A on properties relating to an 
event or chain of events important in illustrating the historic context. 

• Base property types related to Criterion B on known properties associ- 
ated with the productive life of a person important in the historic con- 

• Base property types related to Criterion C on one or a group of the fol- 

1 . Properties having common architectural style, period, or method of 

2. The works of a master or related groups of masters. 

3. Properties having common high artistic values. 

4. Significant architectural features distinguishing one or more groups 
of buildings or structures. 

• Base property types related to Criterion D on one or a group of re- 
sources that are likely to yield important information about a com- 
mon set of research questions important to the historic context. 

• Locational patterns of the prop- 
erty type, that is generalizations 
about the known or likely loca- 
tion, occurrence, and distribution 
of examples representing the 
property type. 

• Condition or expected condition 
of property types including: 

1 . Any inherent characteristics 
that are likely to contribute to 
or detract from its physical 

2. Any aspects of the social and 
natural environment that may 
affect its preservation or visi- 

• Specific period of time and loca- 
tions in which related properties 
are believed or known to have ex- 


In narrative form, state the signifi- 
cance of the property type as it re- 
lates to each historic context listed in 
section B. The narrative should be a 
concise and factual summary of infor- 
mation directly relating the property 
type to: 

• Important aspects of its historic 

• The various areas of significance 
and criteria for which properties 
may be listed in the National Reg- 

• Significance in national, State, or 
local history. 

Consider the following when dis- 
cussing the significance of property 
types under Criteria A and B: 

• Important dates, events, activi- 
ties, persons, associations, and de- 
velopmental forces, trends, and 
patterns relating the property 
type to its relevant historic con- 

• Any direct relationship of the 
property type to major stages of 
growth, pivotal events or activi- 
ties, or personal associations char- 
acterizing the historic context. 


Tte 1898 Birmingham Bridge was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places as 
part of the Industrial Resources of Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania multiple property sub- 
mission. Located in Birmingham, it is significant as "a fine example of one of the county's less 
than ten remaining pin-connected Pratt through truss bridges built in the late 1800s." (Nancy 
Shedd ) 

For properties significant under Cri- 
terion C, summarize the following: 

• Principal types, styles, and meth- 
ods of construction illustrated by 
the property type and how these 
relate to the overall historic con- 

• Principal architects, artists, build- 
ers, craftsmen, designers , or land- 
scape architects identified with 
the introduction and develop- 
ment of the property type. 

• Architectural characteristics, such 
as scale, proportions, materials, 
workmanship, stylistic details, 
spatial arrangement, construction 
techniques, and aesthetic quality, 
that give examples of the prop- 
erty type their significance. 

• Spatial relationships of resources 
to each other and the environ- 
ment, including set backs, street 
plans, parks, squares, open 
spaces, structural density, plant- 
ings, natural features, and land- 
scape architecture, if these are 

significant unifying features of 
the property type. 

For property types significant 
under Criterion D, discuss the follow- 

• Related research topics, cultural 
affiliations, general physical char- 
acteristics, and probable kinds of 
important research data that link 
the property type to its historic 

• Archeological, ethnographic, or 
historic research already con- 
ducted or otherwise pertinent to 
an understanding of the property 

• Important categories of informa- 
tion and related research topics 
about which properties related to 
the property type are likely to 
yield information. 

For property types meeting Cri- 
teria Considerations, including prop- 
erties less than 50 years old, religious 
properties, reconstructed and moved 

properties, commemorative proper- 
ties, cemeteries and graves, or birth- 
places, explain how these properties 
as a group meet the special require- 
ments for listing called for in the Na- 
tional Register criteria considera- 
tions. (See National Register Bulletin 
15: How to Apply the National Register 
Criteria for Evaluation for advice on 
criteria considerations.) 


State the registration requirements 
based on the analysis of the data col- 
lected on the property type and 
known related properties in relation- 
ship to the National Register criteria, 
criteria considerations, and areas of 
significance. The requirements 
should provide specific information 
that can be used for comparing actual 
historic properties and for making 
judgments about their relative signifi- 
cance. Registration requirements in- 
volve not just integrity, but how well 
a specific property illustrates the 
property type and how it relates to 
the historic context. 

Include the following in a discus- 
sion of registration requirements: the 
physical characteristics, associative 
qualities, or information potential 
that an example of the property type 
must possess to qualify for the Na- 
tional Register. This section should 
specify the aspects of integrity (loca- 
tion, design, setting, materials, work- 
manship, feeling, and association) 
and an explanation of how each as- 
pect is defined for the specific prop- 
erty type. Base integrity require- 
ments on an analysis of the property 
type and its significant features and a 
knowledge of representative proper- 
ties and their relative integrity. 

This section is intended to provide 
information on the unifying charac- 
teristics of the property type. Infor- 
mation common to the properties is 
placed in this section so that it need 
not be repeated in each individual 
National Register nomination. 




(The example is from the Historic and Architectural Resources of Granville County multiple property submission prepared 
by the North Carolina State historic preservation office and emphasizes rural qualities and features as key registration re- 

Basically traditional structures — the largest group of traditional structures in the county with the possible excep- 
tion of outbuildings — the surviving bright leaf era rural dwellings will usually meet registration requirements be- 
cause of their traditional forms, floor plans and materials. Stylistic concerns are limited, though some larger farm- 
houses will meet registration requirements because they display a significant number of Italianate, Victorian, Colo- 
nial Revival or bungalow style features. In general, to qualify for registration, the dwellings should retain a rural 
setting and the forms, floor plans or materials that evoke their period of construction and the rural life of the time. 
More numerous than their predecessors, they should also retain a significant degree of stylistic integrity, where a 
style is present. The integrity of their association and feeling is greatly bolstered by the presence of contemporary 
outbuildings or later outbuildings that display forms and functions similar to their predecessors, particularly out- 
buildings associated with the raising of Bright Leaf tobacco. 


(The example is from the Industrial Resources of Huntingdon County multiple property submission prepared by the Penn- 
sylvania State historic preservation office and emphasizes function and design completeness as key registration require- 

In order to qualify for listing, the transportation resources must have been used by the transportation industry 
or by another industry for the transportation of county produced goods or the transportation of raw materials and 
people. The properties must be intact examples of one of the identified subtypes: road resources, canal resources 
or railroad resources. Many bridges associated with roads or railroads have been maintained or replaced in situ 
before 1939 and are currently in use. Except where specified eligible transportation resources must have integrity 
of location, design, setting, materials and association. 

Subtype: road resources Road bridges are eligible under Criterion A in the area of transportation if they 
served as important links in the local road network and in the transportation of goods, raw materials, or people 
within the county. The historic materials, form and setting of the bridge must be intact. 

In order to be eligible under Criterion C in the area of engineering a bridge must be an example of a bridge de- 
sign that was important in the construction of bridges in Huntingdon County. Those properties eligible for engi- 
neering significance should be considered even if alterations to form and materials exist so long as the 
significant engineering design is prominent and intact. 

Subtype: canal resources The remains of canal right-of-way or structural components must be visually evi- 
dent and any disturbance that may have occurred must not have compromised the potential for the site to yield 
information relevant to the historic use or engineering of the site. Canal resources must retain integrity of loca- 
tion, design, materials and association. Canal resources eligible under Criterion A must be associated with an 
important transportation route or industry in the county such as the Pennsylvania Canal. A portion of a canal 
right-of-way must retain the visual appearance of an earthen ditch in order to be considered for eligibility under 
Criterion A. For the same criterion, enough of the stone walls of a lock or dam must stand to represent the origi- 
nal function of the feature. Long planking which may have been associated with a canal resource need not re- 
main in order for the resource to be considered for listing. 

The abandonment of the canal has resulted in the natural deterioration of the individual components. In 
order to be eligible under Criterion D, a canal resource must be able to yield information on the historic func- 
tions or engineering of the canal. Canal resources must also retain original materials, setting, and configuration 
to be eligible under Criterion D. 


Subtype: railroad resources The historic right-of-way completed by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1850 for 
the most part is presently in use by Conrail, thus the significant features associated with the operation of the 
line have, by necessity, been subject to continuing maintenance, upkeep or replacement as necessary. Other rail- 
road resources may be associated with local industry that operated rail lines as part of their operations such as 
the East Broad Top Railroad by the Rockhill Iron and Coal Company. 

In order to be eligible in the area of transportation under Criterion A railroad resources must be an important 
link in the local railroad network or in the transportation of goods and people through or within Huntingdon 
County. In order to be eligible in the area of industry under Criterion A, railroad resources must be associated 
with a locally important industry such as the coal or coke industry. To be eligible in the area of engineering 
under Criterion C, railroad resources must be an example of a bridge or tunnel design that was important in the 
construction of bridges and tunnels in Huntingdon County; or be an example of engineering needed by railroad 
companies in overcoming mountainous terrain in western Pennsylvania. As part of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad's efforts to maintain or increase carrying capacity on bridges in Huntingdon County, the Pennsylvania 
Railroad reinforced bridges in Huntingdon County with concrete during the first decades of the twentieth cen- 
tury. The concrete reinforcing is considered as contributing to the historic significance of these bridges; this rein- 
forcing enabled the Pennsylvania Railroad to continue its important role in local and regional transportation to 
1939. Pennsylvania Railroad tunnels similarly remain eligible for the National Register even though two of the 
four tracks constructed at the turn of this century have been removed. The railroad track and bed remain eligi- 
ble as long as the original alignment and grade of the bed and track have been maintained. The railroad track 
and bed are eligible even though ties and rails may have been replaced; such replacements are considered essen- 
tial to the continuing operation of the railroad line. Railroad resources were evaluated at the local level. 

Warehouses constructed by the Pennsylvania Railroad must retain their proximity to the right-of-way as well 
as their original design and construction material in order to be eligible under Criterion A for association with 
the transportation industry. They may also exemplify the use of the railroad by a significant historic industry. 
For railroad warehouses eligible under Criterion C for their engineering significance it is not necessary for them 
to retain their original location as long as an appropriate setting is provided and engineering features have been 


Geographical Data 

List all jurisdictions and geograph- 
ical units or portions covered by the 
multiple property group, including 
the name of towns, cities, counties, 
townships, parishes , multiple coun- 
ties, areas of counties, and areas of 
states or multiple states. The geo- 
graphical data define the limits of the 
area where properties included 
within the multiple property group 
exist or are likely to exist. Define po- 
litical boundaries, route numbers, 
road names, or topographical fea- 
tures as precisely as possible. Geo- 
graphical data also may refer to sec- 
tion numbers, contour lines, or lines 
drawn between UTM reference 
points on USGS quadrangle maps. 
State if the area is coterminous with 
the limits of a political jurisdiction or 
area, for example, Yellowstone Na- 

tional Park or the incorporated limits 
of Columbus. 

The geographical area covered by 
the multiple property listing should 
incorporate the area covered by its re- 
lated historic contexts, but it does not 
need to have the same boundaries. 


The State of Washington 

The corporate limits of the village of 
Higginsport, Brown County, Ohio 

The geographical area encompasses 
the 19 National Forests in the Pa- 
cific Northwest Region (region 6) lo- 
cated in Oregon and Washington 

The salt pond region extends across 
the southern edge of Rhode Island. 
Located within Washington County, 

the area includes portions of West- 
erly, Charlestown, South Kings- 
town, and Narragansett. The 
eastern boundary is Route 108 in 
Narragansett; the western boundary 
is the Pawtucket River; the southern 
boundary is Block Island Sound; the 
northern boundary generally is U.S. 
Route 1. Exceptions to this north- 
ern boundary occur (1) at the inter- 
section of U.S. Route 1 and Narrow 
Lane. The boundary at this intersec- 
tion follows the 60 foot contour line 
north and west around Cross Mills 
Pond, and (2) at the intersection of 
U.S. Routes 1 and 1A in Westerly. 
At this intersection, the boundary 
turns southwest along Route 1A to 
the Pawtucket River shoreline imme- 
diately adjacent to intersections of 
Avondale Road and India Point 



H. Summary of identification and Evaluation Methods 

(Discuss the methods used in developing the multiple property listing 

Provide a concise explanation of 
the methods used to prepare the 
multiple property submission by an- 
swering the following questions: 

• How was the survey conducted 
and data collected? Include a dis- 
cussion about methods, survey 
history, sampling techniques, sur- 
vey procedures, archival re- 
search, and field survey. 

How were the historic context(s) 
determined? Include information 
about the general approach for or- 
ganizing data about the historic 
contexts , determining geographi- 
cal area, and period of time. 

On what were the significant 
property types based? Function, 
style, time period, or historical pe- 

• How were the requirements de- 
rived for integrity for the listing 
of member properties? Were 
they based on a knowledge of the 
condition of existing properties, 
on predictions derived from a 
study of historic land use, or on 
some other factors? 

This cluster of agricultural buildings that make up the ca. 1899 Puckett Family Farm at 
Satterwhite, Historic and Architectural Resources of Granville County, North Carolina has 
been described as "one of the county's most significant bright leaf era rural properties, an intact 
symbol of the way most of the county's citizenry led its life from the Civil War into the 1950s." 
It was nominated to the National Register of Historic Places as part of the geographically -based 
Granville County, North Carolina multiple property submission. (Marvin A. Brown) 



The multiple property listing of historic and architectural resources of Granville County, North Carolina, is 
based upon a 1986 architectural resources inventory of the county, and a 1987 National Register nomination proj- 
ect, conducted by Marvin A. Brown and Patricia A. Esperon under the auspices of the Survey and Planning 
Branch of the North Carolina Division of Archives and History. The inventory identified more than 525 properties 
and groups of properties. Every passable road, public and private, leading to a known or suspected property was 
driven during the inventory and every building marked on the USGS topographical maps for the county was 
viewed. Properties from vernacular to high style were recorded, with emphasis given to age and rarity, and repre- 
sentativeness of types and styles. Every pre-Civil War property was recorded, as were the vast majority of proper- 
ties predating the turn of the century. Those not recorded were passed over because of alterations that substan- 
tially damaged their integrity. Properties erected between 1900 and World War II were more selectively recorded, 
with emphasis given to the more unaltered, unusual or particularly representative ones. For each recorded prop- 
erty, locations were noted on USGS topographical maps; photographs were taken; computerized inventory forms 
were completed; research, including the checking of deeds and secondary sources and the taking of oral histories, 
was conducted, and narrative architectural and historical descriptions were written. This work was conducted on 
a full-time basis by Marvin Brown during 1986 and on a full-time basis for the last half of the year by Patricia Espe- 
ron. In 1987, both Brown and Esperon also worked full-time in the county, further researching the inventoried 
properties and drafting National Register nominations. 

The properties are grouped under three historic contexts that conform with the three major themes that best de- 
fine the county and its properties: (1) the plantation era between the founding of the county and the Civil War; (2) 
the influences of the raising of Bright Leaf tobacco on the development of rural Granville County between the 
Civil War and World War II; (3) and the influence of the Bright Leaf during those years on the development of the 
county seat of Oxford. The property types are organized chronologically by style and by function. 

The survey identified a wide range of resources in the county spanning the years from the Revolutionary War to 
World War II. Integrity requirements were based upon a knowledge of existing properties. The architectural and 
physical features of the county's finer surviving properties, derived from the inventory, were considered in devel- 
oping the outlines of potential registration requirements. The general statements about the lack of comprehensive 
integrity of many properties are based upon knowledge of the deteriorated condition and tenuous position of 
many of the county's rarest and most historically evocative and important properties. The total number of Gran- 
ville County properties placed on the Study List for nomination to the National Register at the January 8, 1987, 
North Carolina Professional Review Committee meeting was 120 individual rural properties, five rural districts, 
one large Oxford historic district and five individual Oxford properties. Approximately 90 percent of these study 
list properties are dwellings and farms, with several grist mills, masonic lodges, churches, tobacco manufactories 
and fraternal and commercial buildings making up the rest. The few nominated properties included with this 
multiple property nomination are the first phase of nominations. They were chosen because they are exceptional 
examples of important styles and types in the county and exceptionally evocative of historical ways of life in the 
county. The nominated properties were limited to a small selection of inventoried properties because of budget- 
ary and time limitations imposed by the National Register project under which this work has been performed. 
Also because of budgetary and time constraints, the Historic District in Oxford was limited to the discrete core of 
the town's oldest, finest and most significant properties. 



Major Bibliographical References 

(List major written works and primary location of additional documentation: State 
Historic Preservation Office, other State agency, Federal agency, local government, 
university, or other, specifying repository ) 

Under this heading, list the major 
bibliographical references. Use a 
standard bibliographical style, such 
as that found in A Manual of Style or 
A Manual for Writers by Kate L. Turab- 
ian, both published by the University 
of Chicago Press. Include primary 
and secondary sources of informa- 
tion used in documenting the prop- 
erty types and the respective historic 
contexts. Do not include general ref- 
erence works unless they provided 
specific information or assisted in 
evaluating and documenting related 
properties. Sources may include field 
surveys, theme studies, published his- 
tories, historic photographs and 
maps, oral histories, archeological 
surveys, folklife studies, and archival 
research in public and private re- 

For surveys and inventories, the fol- 
lowing are required: 

• Title. 

• Dates. 

• File number (if any). 

• Nature of the survey. 

• Name of the sponsoring organiza- 

• Names and titles of the authors or 
persons conducting the survey. 

Lastly, identify the primary loca- 
tion where additional documentation 
is stored. 


• For all printed materials, list author, full title, location and date of 
publications, and publisher. 

• For articles, list also name, volume, and date of the journal or maga- 

• For unpublished manuscripts, indicate where copies are available. 

• For interviews, include the date of the interview, name of the inter- 
viewer, name and title of the person interviewed, and if taped, loca- 
tion where the tape or transcript is stored. 

• Cite any established historic contexts that have been used to evalu- 
ate the property. 


Intensive architectural inven- 
tory of Granville County, North 
Carolina, conducted in 1986 by 
Marvin A. Brown, architectural 
historian, and Patricia A. Espe- 
ron, historian, and supervised 
by Davyd Foard Hood, state his- 
toric preservation officer. Files 
located at Survey and Planning 
Branch, North Carolina Divi- 
sion of Archives and History, 
Raleigh, North Carolina . 

Caldwell, James R., Jr. "A His- 
tory of Graninllc County, North 
Carolina: The Preliminary 
Phase, 1746-1900." Ph.D. The- 

sis, University of North Caro- 
lina, 1950. 

Johnson, Guion Griffin. Ante- 
bellum North Carolina: A So- 
cial History . Chapel Hill: 
University of North Carolina 
Press, 1937. 

Tilley, Nannie May. "Indus- 
tries of Colonial Granville 
County," North Carolina His- 
torical Review. Vol. 13, No. 4 
(October 1936), pp. 273 -289. 




Continuation sheets (NPS 10-900-a) 
or a computer-generated form are 
used to enter all required informa- 
tion for sections E through 1 on the 
Multiple Property Documentation 
Form (NPS 10-900-b). Type the name 
of the multiple property listing, letter 
of the section being continued, and 
page number for that section in the 
space provided at the top of each 
sheet. If a single sheet is used to con- 
tinue several sections, information 
should be organized alphabetically 
according to section letters. If one or 
more sheets are needed to continue a 
section, number each sheet according 
to the letter of the section being con- 


• On each sheet, enter the following information: 

1 . Name of multiple property listing, section, and page number at the 
top of the form and 

2. A heading for each item with the corresponding information. 

• Information for several sections may be placed on one continuation 
sheet. In this case, enter section letters at the top of the page. Enter 
the information in sequence by section. 

OW0 4«>m«M) i 

United States Department of the Interior 

National Park Service 

National Register of Historic Places 
Continuation Sheet 

Section number 



Submit one completed National 
Register Registration Form (NPS 10- 
900) for each property to be regis- 
tered as part of the multiple prop- 
erty listing. Complete the form ac- 
cording to the instructions found in 
National Register Bulletin 16 A: How to 
Complete the National Register Registra- 
tion Form. In addition, enter in the 
space provided in section 5 the name 
of the multiple property listing as it 
appears in section A of the multiple 
property form. In section 9, Major 

Bibliographical References, enter only 
those references supplementing the 
list provided in Section I of the Multi- 
ple Property Documentation Form or 
that specifically mention the individ- 
ual property. 


Photographs and maps are gener- 
ally not submitted with the cover 
form, but are submitted with the indi- 
vidual property forms and should 
meet the requirements for documen- 
tation accompanying them. How- 
ever, if several of the properties 
being registered are located in the 

same USGS quadrant, the UTM refer- 
ences and locations of each can be 
marked on a single USGS map in- 
cluded in the submission. Likewise, 
if several properties are in the same 
general location and a city tax map, 
USGS, or plat map is used to indicate 
property boundaries in place of a ver- 
bal boundary description, a single 
map identifying the boundaries of 
each property may be included, pro- 
vided section 10 of each registration 
form references the map. If such 
maps also are used for a sketch map, 
the boundaries and other informa- 
tion of several properties may be indi- 
cated on a single area map included 
in the submission, provided each reg- 
istration form references the map. 

OMB No 10024-0018 

United States Department of the Interior 
National Park Service 

National Register of Historic Places 
Registration Form 

This form is lor use in nominating or requesting determinations tor individual properties and districts See instructions in How fo Complete the 
National Register ot Historic Places Registration Form (National Register Bulletin 16A) Complete each item by marking "x" in the appropriate box or 
by entering Ihe information requested It an item does not apply to the property being documented, enter "N/A"' lor "not applicable " For functions, 
architectural classification, materials, and areas o! significance, enler only categories and subcategories !rom the instructions Place additional 
entries and narralive items on continuation sheets (NPS Form l0-900a) Use a typewriter, word processor, 0' computer, to complete all items 

1 Name of Property 

historic name _ 

other names/site number 

2. Location 

street & number 
city or town 

D not for publication 
D vicinity 


county . 

zip code _ 

3. State/Federal Agency Certification 

As the designated authority under the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended, I hereby certify that this I J nomination 
[J request fot determination of eligibility meets (he documentation slandards for registering properties m the National Register of 
Historic Places and meels the procedural and professional requirements set forth in 36 CFR Part 60 In my opinion, the property 
Q meels D does not meet the Nalional Register criteria I recommend that this property be considered significant 
[ j nationally [j statewide Lj locally (LJ See continuation sheet lor additional comments ) 

Signature of certifying otficial/Title 

State of Federal agency and bureau 

In my opinion, ihe property H meets G does not meet the National Register criteria (D See continuation sheet for additional 
comments ) 

Signature of certifying oflicia I/Title 

State or Federal agency and bureau 

4. National Park Service Certification 

I hereby certify that Ihe property is 

L I entered in the National Register 
See contmualion sheet 
[J determined eligible for the 
National Register 

n See continuation sheet 
□ determined not eligible tor the 

National Register 
[ 1 removed Irom the National 

I other, (explain i 

Signature ot the Keeper 



In a sequence, compile the multiple • Completed Multiple Property • Individual National Register Reg- 

property submission to include the Documentation Form and its con- istration Forms for each property, 

following: tinuation sheets. if submitted at the same time. 



Because the multiple property for- 
mat is designed as a flexible tool, the 
multiple property listing may be re- 
vised, refined, and expanded as new 
information is gathered, new proper- 
ties are identified, and changes in the 
condition of related property types 
are observed. 

Completed registration forms for re- 
lated properties may be submitted to 
the National Register at the same 
time or after the multiple property 
form has been submitted, provided 

all the procedures and requirements 
set forth in 36 CFR Part 60 have been 

Documentation on the multiple 
property form may also be updated, 
revised, and added to at any time 
upon the request of the State or Fed- 
eral Historic Preservation Officer. 
Changes may be made by: 

• Submitting additional informa- 
tion on new continuation sheets, 

• Providing a replacement form or 
individual sheets where substan- 
tial changes are made in the text. 

Continuation sheets and replace- 
ment forms, as well as any requests 
for the removal of listed properties 
must be certified by the Federal or 
State Historic Preservation Officer 
and submitted according to the proce- 
dures outlined in the National Regis- 
ter regulations. 

ISBN 0-16-035817-5 

9 780160"358 







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