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^f|||'( )l\l"'. than tifteeii niilr- <A waterfront liumming with industry and com- 
^jlfl nicrce and inset with nianufacturini^- i)lants, railroad terminals, and the 
■^^ >tal)k's of the ijiant ocean steeds, -this is the projjhetic and impressive 
face which Hudson C'onuly turns toward the great Metropolis on the east 
bank of the lludson. The touch of prophesy lies in the acknowledged pos- 
sibilit\- that were the thirteen municipalities of lludsou ("ounty to comhine. 
the unilied result would some day give New York City a close race for the 
premiership among the industrial cities of the world. 

Alexander llamilton. the man of keen forevision realized this possibility 
when he predicted that the greatest city "\ the world woidd some day be 
located on the west bank of the lliulsou. In this he had the history of city 
bitilding to back his prophesy, for with few exceptions almost all big cities 
have grown up on the west< of llu' ri\er. 

Hudson C ciuut\ with is thriving munici])alilies all adjoining each other, 
already has ()00,ooo residents who are wealthier per capita than any <jther 
count} in the state, which in tlu' last analysis means that the county is f»ne 
of the richest in the country and concentrates probal)ly as nuicli wealth as 
any territory of its size in the world. In this territor_\- is Icjcated with two 
exceptions, the terminals of every great railroad running trains west, north 
and south. There are the l*ennsyl\ania. the I'.rie, the Jersey Central, the 
Lackawanna and others carrying thousands of ])assengers and incalculable 
tons of freight e\er}- day; conse(|uently more freight is handli'd throngh or 
unloaded here than in New York City. 

Huge ])iers studding the Hudson Ri\er front at inter\als. mark the des- 
sucli trans-Atlantic steamshii) lines as the Hamburg-American 

tmatK >n 

with its ocean palaces, the Imperator and the X'aterland ; the North (jerman 
Tdoyd, noted for its luxurious shi])S and the nuiuber of passengers carried 
by it, and pro])ably the most ])0])ular steamship line in o])eratio!i : and last 
but not the least in im])ortance, the .Scandana\ian-American. Holland-. \mer 
ica, IMioenix, Wilson, and Panama lines, and the Italian Lloyd>. 

( )n the riA-er front from Constable Hook in Ha^'oune to the end of the 
cotuUy line at Fort Lee, are also located numerous industries of world-\vide 
fame, — 'Jdie Standard ( )il Works, the Tide Water ( )il Ci>.. the largest borax 
manufacturing company in the world, the ])lant of the l')a.l)Cock iS: Wilcox 
Co., wdiich is known the world o\er for the boilers it turns out: the L'olgate 
Soap Co.. the machine sho])s of W. i.S: .\. l-detcher ('omi)any. the Tietjen ^ 
Lang I )i-y I )ocks, beside man\ others of e(pial im])i irtance. 

Numerous other thriving industries are s])rea.d throughout the count}', 
attracted here b}' reason oj. g<>''i.i^'ra])hi)ra^J .li)C.:i}ioji. ])roximit}- to the great 
Aletro])<ilis of which 11 udsojr.*(t'ouV,t^.* foVn?^s;;iiu.* :t)i])ortant unit, and because 
of excellent shi]iping facilities .bv ]aji(l 'aji(l, 'w'a'ter. Rich alread}' in these 
things, the opening of the Lanjffijaj.'C* Vtial* JiikI the completion 

hiighwav from the Lake i)orts !(> nie*'.Kf fa*n'frc ocean \ ia tlie 
gives promise of greater pros]jerj^y| f-.n- .TJ tlasUli Count}.. 

ol the water 
ud-iMi River. 

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-^/^ U 1XS( )\ ('()L'X'^^'. i1k' >m;ilKsl inuiily in ihc slate in arra. and ihc 
ifj secdnd lai^i^csl in pi ipula.lii m in llu- slali,' ni Xcw Jersey, is luiunded < in 
'^* the east 1)\- the 1 hidson l\i\er and New \(>vk \\;i\ : i in llie SdUlh by 
the Kill \iin Knll, separating- the counly l"n ini Slalen Island; (in the we-l hy 
Xevvark llax and l^issaic River; and on the nt>rlh 1)\ Bergen County. It 
comprises 43.'"^ .^ scpiare nnles. Xearl\ lialf the eounty, 20.15 scpiare miles. 
consists of marsh land. ( )ne I'idge of hills, called the Bergen ilill and Tali-adr 
Mountain. lra\er>es its entire length lr(ini Kill \ ( mi Kull lo Bergen Coimty. 
\ar\ing in wiilth from one-half to oiu' and one-hall mile-^. h'rom a. ])oint ju->t 
helow Weehawken to Bergen Point, the ridge skirts the llud>on l\i\er. Ih.' 
geological com])osition is tra]) rcick with underlying sandstone. 

Httdson C.)unt\ was former!}- a part of Bergen County, but was or- 
ganized into a separate niunici])ality in 1X40. lt< initial history is so closcl}- 
inter\vo\ en with that of .Manhattan Island thai iine chronicle ser\-es for both 
territories. .Ml ihi-oiigh the l)nlch occu])alion ii wa> ])art of Xcw .\msterdani. 
The Count \ is named after ilenry Hudson who is conceded l)y the ma- 
j(irit\ (if hi^l(irians {d be the discoxerer and explorer of the Hudson Kiver. 
It was his trip to this region in the Half .Moon in 1^)09 that turned the atten- 
tion of the directors of the 1 )utch West India L'ompany to the colonization 
of the Xew- Xetherlands, a plan which materialized in i()2t, when the lirst 
pernianent agricnllui-al c(iliin\' was founded in this vicinity. Thirty families 
w-ere brought o\ cr li-(ini Holland (in the "'Xew .Xelherland," a ship ot JC)0 
tons burden. Eight nun were left at .Manhallan to take possession for the 
West India C"(im))an\-. ."several families were detailed for a like service to the 
eastward of .Manhattan, and about eighteen families were stationed at l^'ort 
( )range. on the present site ( it the cily (il .Mbany. 

There is no record to ])ro\e wlu-thcr. or not. any ot the ])ioneer colonists 
e\-er settk'd in HuiNon ((inntx-. llistor\-. unfoi-lun;ilel_\-. tails to show who 
was the hrst settler in Hudson County. l'"rom the wild and barren nature 
of the coimtr\- at that time, howexer. it is not likely that any colonist had 
the temerity to bra\ e nature in such a crude form for several years alter the 
permanent colony was established on .Manhattan. 

The exentual settlement of the territory on the west side of the Hudson 
can be ascribed to the fact that U]) to 1629 the Dutch territories in America 
were enorniousK e.\pensi\e. or in the ])hraseology of modern finance, were 
failing to mee' expenses. To attract settlers from the mother country the 

West India C'Diiipany offered to emigrants the absolute propriety of as much 
land as the\' could "prupcrh" imi)r<i\c in an\- ])art of New Nethcrland nther 
than Manhattan. 

Michael Paauw Stakes First Claim. 

One of those attracted by their offer was Michael Paauw, a director of 
the Amster( Chamber, who in iC),^() staked his claim to the tract known 
as Hopogahn-I bu-kin,<4'h, now lloboken, and all of Statcn Island. Ik' later 
tiiok possession of "Ahasimus and Aressick," including the whole neighbor- 
hood of "I'aidns llocck" or jersey City, to which Paauw gave the name of 
Pavi)nia. It w a.''^ a wise selection on the ])art of Paauw, for the Indians used 
it as a vantage i)oint from which to shi]) their pcdtrics diitn-tK- across the 
l\i\i'r to l'"ort Amsterdam. The territory was so desirabU', in fact, tlia.t its 
accpiisition gave rise to much jealousy. In December, 1633 Paauw was sum- 
mont'd to ai)pear before the Assembly of the .\ L\ and was finally forced to 
sell hi-- propertv to the company lor 2C)00 Horins. 

.\lmost all of llndson County was originally included in Town- 
shij), embracing all the territcjry lying between the Hudson River on the east, 
the llackt'usack Riser and Newark IJay on the west, the Kill von Kull Creek 
on the south and what is now the north boundary line of Hudson Conntv on 
the north. 

This territory was the scene r)f several Indian massacres. It boi-e the 
brunt of the reta.liation of the Indians for William Ivieft's weak and out- 
rageous attempt to drive the savages out of the New Netherlands because 
of their refusal to pay a ta.\ consisting of wampum, mai/e and furs. 

Kieft wa> the third director-general of the New Netherlands em])loyed 
bv the WT^t India Com])any. Under his orrlers a sfpiad of soldiers led by a 
sergeant lonnded the southerly point of Paulus I loeck, landed near the mouth 
(if Mill (I'ei'k an<l cri'pl up on the Indians who had no I'eason to believe 
that the hutchnien were other than their friends and protectors from 
the more warlike tribes to the north. The slaughter which jjrevailed that 
night was little short of fiendish. l^ighty Indians, including scpiaws and 
papooses, were nuudered in cold blood. The vengeance of the Indians was 
no less terrible. In i'>43 all of Pavonia was laid waste, every house burned 
with the exception ol the brew-house in llcjboken, and ever}- bonwerie and 
])lantation destroyed. We read that on ( )ctober 1, 1^)43, a band of Indians 
burned the house of Jacon Stollelsen, near what is now the corner of Hen- 
derson and Third streets, jersey (ity, and kille<l tlu' s'piad of soldiers guard- 
ing the house. 

Aert Tunissen ol llohi.ken. out on a tiading excm'sion, was killed near 
Sandy Hook and his fa.rm aftt'i-wards laid waste and his cattle killed. 

So complete was the work ol devastation that the whole (if wdiat is now 
New jersey was restored to its aborigines. It was not until the treaty of 
1645 between the Indians and the hutch gave some assurances of safety, that 
a few of the old ((Tmists could be inductd tii return t(i their bouweries in 
I I uds( 111 ( "ount}-. 

In 1^147, wdiile Petrus .Stuyvesant was director-general of the New Neth- 
erlands, tlu' Indian troubles broke out afresh. The injustice of the Kieft 
massacre still rankled in the breasts of the sa.\ages in s])ite of ."^tUNxesant"-^ 
humane and conciliatory policy toward them. .An Indian girl shot bv Hen- 
tlrick \ an Dyck, while she was stealing fruit from his orchard near I'ort 
Amsterdam served as an excuse for the outbrea.k of a revolt on .September 15, 
1647. l'i\c hundred wairioi's in sixty-four canoes, landed at New Amslei"- 
dam. wounded \'an l)_\ck, killed his neighbor, X'andegrist, and were rei)ulsed 
by the guard. They crossed the river and again devasted P)ergen Township 
and its a.djoining ])recincts. All cattle was killed, all houses burned and every 
man who did not seek safety in flight killed, with the exception of Mich.ael 
jansen at ( omnnun'paw. This woi'k done, the saxages de\asted Staten Isl.and. 

First Settler in Hudson County. 

Tlu' first liouscs ercc'lid (in ilu- west sidi- i>\ llu- IIikIsmii were I wi > huts 
l)uilt at r.'iNonia in K)_:^j; nndci llie diiTrtiun of WOuler \ an 'I'urilles. then 
director-i^xiKTal ni iln' Xrw Wl lni lands. ( iininuniipaw, adjuiniiij^ Jersey 
City was (me i>| tiie earliest settUnuiiis ni Jersey. As nearly as can be ascer- 
tained iioin llu' imprrfecl annals ni ijir linu' the lirst settler was Jan h'-vert- 
sen llonl. who r.imi' aiM-dSs the ri\rr in I'l.^l a^ the a^i'm of Michael I'aauw. 
When tin.' laltn- was i.Hcrd In si 11 his hmd to the hntrh \\ Cst India ( 'nni- 
|)an\- in i''>,v"^. I'>'inl l>onL;hl his laiin, inclnilint; all ihc ni)lan(l helvveen t'oni- 
nniin|ia\\ ere<.'k < m tlu' simlh and llu' incadiiw i,ii llu- niiilh. 

U|> ti' I'l-l.^ no settlenieni had heen nia.di' imrth '>\ lli)l)i)ken. At this 
place a larni house and a hrew Inmsc had heen huilt and houwerie ideared 
and planled li\ \ei"t runiss(.-n \ an rmicn. 

At Ahasimus lived Jacoh Sloltclscn, who had married the widow of 
('ornelins \ an \orsl. am! was thus the luad of the \ an \'orst faniiU' 
Abraham I s.i.n-stMi ' i'laiul^ and liis Imants. ( K-nil l)ii(l<s(]n I'.lauw, ( laes 
Janscn \ an ruinuTrndt , and I orindiiis ArissiMi, l'.L;hert WonUiscn and his 
faniil\ li\ed at Jan I )r I .an lui's Morck or Mdl (reek r<iint. Uirck Streat- 
maker \\\vi\ im the rear ot \\]v hlnfl innnedialrU in llu' rear of (avi-n Point, 
just wlui'e the C iiilral Kaihiiail cr(i>.scs the Moiiis (anal. 

I'hr jKinnsula ol Taulus Nook, on whirh |rise\ ('it\ is now simatiMJ. 
behm^c'd tiom a renuite peiiod iii tlu' \ an \'orst famih. In i So j u vvas 
N'csted in ( oriudins \ an \ iirst. 

Acc(>rdint; to ( ic'orm' ."^cott's 1 k. " Ihe .MimIcI ol ilu' ( lo\ (.■rinnent of 

New Jersey," piiblished by him in 17S5, there were sex cial plantations on 
till' liackensack l\i\er. Als() "hu'ar the month iif the lia\. njioii iju' si(K- of 
( )verpeck Creek, adjoining to ii.nkensatk Rixer," says Scott, "se\eral of the 
rich \alleys were settled b\ the I )ulch ; and tu'ar Snake Mill is a Uuv i)lanta 
tion owned b\ I'inhorne and i'.ickbe. hir hall ol which rinhiiriie i^ .said to 
ha\e paid li\(.' hundred |iounds.'' 

The first definite cominunitx in ihr tcrritor\- now comprisiim- lludson 
(,\)Uiil\ was establisheil at liei^cn \ ill.ii^r or is now |rrsc\ ( it\ I Irii^ht.s. 
After the peace pact enti'icd into ln'twecn llu- I )nli h .ind llu- Indians on 
Januais' jj. i(>^'^. se\i'ral (>l the (dd si'ilhis w h( 1 h.ul bei-n drueii liom their 
homes in Ierse\, petitiinied tlu- direc-t( ii-^eiu-ral ,nul the council for an ex- 
emption of t,i\es for a cerlain ]cnL;lh of linn- si 1 that tlu-\ inii^ht restore their 
old farms. Ihe rxemptiini was ^rallied hir six \cars hnl the director-i^eneial 
and the couiuil prc-ft'rred that the p^ojde ci m^repi'ate in one xillai^e for j)ur 
p(jses (d piotcrtii >n. Iliis is the (iri^in ol tlu- liiiination o| l!erj>;en \ illa-^e. 
the exact <Iate ol whitli is unknown. I he place was inereh' described then 
as behind "< iemoeiieiKien. I here was a small (di'arint^' aboiu where- Mont 
g"omery Street crosses l^erj^en \\i-niu- wliicdi ]iro|)ald\ had brcn m.uli- b\ llu- 
Indians and was kiuiwii llien as the '■Indian ( onilulds" (ir ".Mai/e L.aiid," 
and after tlu- \illa.i..;i- was established as "llu- ( >l(l .\Iai/.e Land."" It is 
])r()l)al)le that the position was selected, llu- \illam- sui"\-e\i"d. laiil ciut and 
^iveii a between .\u.14ust ifith and soiiu- time in .Xovember, i'>()o. Iler^'en 
X'illa^'e e\ol\od from a cluster of lo^ huts S(k) feet and surrounded by 
a I'alisade. it ^ic-w rapidh', and in one \(-ar it hail li(-rome of sulfu'ieiit ini- 
])ortance to nu'iit a local ,<;'o\ ernmeiil, L p to i()()i tlu- ( ourt of llm\i;dmasler^ 
and .S^hep^-ll^ in .\'t-w Amsti-rdain hail since its ofw-;ini/ati( mi in i'>5- exer- 
cised legal jurisdiction on llu- wa-st sid^' of tlu- ri\rr. Ilu-reafter matters in 
controversx' in b'lscx wna- lo br dreided b\ a local comt. subject to the 
rif>-ht of appeal to the director-.m'lu-ral and council. 

< )n .\u.<;ust 4. 1661, Tielman \ an \'Ieck vvas ap|>ointed sheriff, or "sclioiu" 
id' IJer^en Village — on llu- sanu- da\ I )i!aH-lor-( ieiieral l*etrus Stuyxesailt 
granted a charter to the \ Ihus vvas established the first munici|»al 
g'overnnuMit and the lii-st rourt in .\'ew lersey. 

As all familiar with tlie early liislor}- of North America recall. New 
Xetherla.ncls was ca])tureil hy the I'jit^lish in \()()4 without ()pi)osition. ( )n 
|ul\ 29. 1673. the lUitch reca])ture(l it without hloocNhed. ( )n Februar)- 9. 
J674. a i)eace treatx was drawn u]) between the two countries gi\ing England 
possession of Xew Xelherlands. I'hilip Carteret, who had been made gov- 
ernor of Xew ierse\- during the first hjiglish occupation of the N^ew Neth- 
erh'inds, was restored to that post. 

Under (iovernor Carteret, Ik-rgen was made the capital of East Jersey, 
and the assembh' or legislatixe body met regularly each year in various 
cities. In 1714 I\ol)ert Hunter, then ( lo\ernor t)f Xew Jerse\- granted Berg'en 
a new chartei' making it a body C(M-])orate. 

The count\ of Hudson did not come into existence officiallv until Feb- 
ruar\- 20, 1840. when the legislature passed an act to this effect. The first 
term of the county court was held in L}'ceum Hall, on (irand street. Jersey 
C'nw April 14, 1H40. with the Hon. Chief Justice llornblower jjresiding. His 
associates on the bench were Cornelitis \'an Winkle. Henry Southmayd. 
Stephen Carretson and ( ieorg;e C. De Kay. 

The courts were held in L_\ceum Hall tmtil March 11, tS45. when the 
new court house in IJergen was dedicated. ( )n .Ma\- 13. 1840. the Chosen 
Boa.rd of Freeholders of Hudson Count\- met for the hrst time in l)ra}-ton"s 
Hotel. Fi\e Corners. 

Hudson County During the Revolution. 

C)n June 5, 1774. the Freeholders and inhabitants of Bergen County, of 
which Htidson was then a part, passed resolutions at a meeting- held at Hack- 
ensack in fa\or of sending delegates to the (ieneral Congress of the Colonies. 

On |ul\- 4. 177'^). Cicneral Washington ordered (jenera.1 Mercer to thr<nv 
up breast works at Paulus Hoeck and station a guard of 500 men there. 
This was a stragetic point from which to repel invasion from Staten Island. 
A fort, afterwards named DeEancey. was also erected a short distance below 
the ])resent canal at Bayonne and (ieneral W'adsworth's brigade was sent 
over to Bergen, where it was joined by a battalion of Jersey troops. 

( )n July 12, the patriot cannons at Pattlus Hoeck opened the first fire 
on the I'^nglish fleet collected in the harbor. C)n Septeml)er 15th. when the 
British cai)tured Xew York, a coincident attack was made upon the jxist at 
Paulus Hoeck with less success. 

During this time Washington, then headquartered at Harlaem, would 
occasionally sli]) o\er to the Jersey shore and in companv with (ieneral 
(ireene, who had succeeded (General Mercer in command on tlie lersev shore, 
reconnoitre as far as Paulus Hoeck. ( )n September 23, 1776. the British took 
Paulus Hoeck. the Americans falling back to Bergen. ( )utposts remained at 
this place, Hoboken. Bull's Ferry and Hackensack until November 20. 1776, 
when Fort Eee, ha\ing been evacuated, the Continental troops here followed 
Washington to the Hackensack and thence to the Delaware, leaving east 
Jersey in possession of the British. 

It was in the vicinity of Hackensack in 1776 that Colonel Aaron Burr 
first attracted attention by his braverv. 

Another notable engagement of the Revolutionary War which occurred 
in Hudson County was fought with more humiliating results. This was the 
attack on Block House Point, located on the Palisades directly opposite 
Eightieth street, New York City. Here a handful of woodche:»'ppers who 
were engaged in cutting wood for the English army across the river, repulsed 
a force of colonial soldiers twenty-five times as large, under Ceneral W'avne, 
the hero of Stonv Point. 


Hudson County in the Civil War. 

Patrii itic fcclin!:;- I'an 

hiiili ill llic C(iunt\ al ihc outbreak (»1 the civil war. 


Hanks and incli\ i(lual> <>\ means \ic(l in llu-ir citorts to advance money foi 
rlie needs of the Union. The Mechanics and Traders IJank of Jersey ('it\ 
l)lcdtied itself for $25,000: the l'.ai)k of Jersey fily $10,000 and the llohoken 
C'itv Bank $J 1,000. The .Misse- Sojiliia am! I'.sther Ste\-ens placed $1,000 
each at the o-()\ernnieiil"> disposal. 

.\or was the county hehnid hand in answering I'l-oideiu Lincoln's call 
( )ne of the fust resinienls to be mustered in was the Second of 


tor lrooj)s. 

New |erse\, raised enlirely in lludson (ounly. '^hi-^ ret^inient was raised 
and e(|uipped 1)\' a wai" connnitlee o| Ii\e. Iieaded Ity .Major COrnelitis \'an 
\'orsl of jerse\- t'ily. Jolni ( irilVilhs and iienjamin (1. Clarke, members o 
the connniltee. ma<le ihemseKes ])ersonally liable for the debt of $30,000 
iiictu'red in ninfui-min'^- the regiment. The debt was later met by the citizens 
of the County. idle Second Regiment scr\ ed nine months and was mustered 
out of service. Hu(tson t'ounty also contributed a com])any or two t<» the 
b'irst, I'iflli, X'iiith, Tenth, hlexenth. Tliineciith. Twenty-first, and Thirtv- 
tliird regiments of New Jerse}'. all of which saw acti\e service in the war. 

Hexamer's Battery, known as Battery A. C a])tain William Hexamer, was 
recruited in Ibiboken. It particii)ated in the battle of West Point, \^a.. 
Mechanics\ille, C'hantilK. Antielani an( 
was com])osed largeh- of ( lermans. 

otliei- iiieni' ii'able engagements. 

Educational Interests of Hudson County. 

Ill the educational sphere lludson County boasts one institution which 
ranks second, if not tirst, in its line in the conntr\. Thi-- i-> the Stevens In- 
stitute of Technology, in Iloboken, which wa> founded b\- the late Edwin .\. 
.'"^tevcns. The institute teaches mechanical and idectrical engineering. Con- 
nected with it is the Stex'ens I're])arator\- ScIiihjI. 

Other institutions ol ])roiiiinence are the Iloboken .\cadt'my, organized 
in i860. Iiasl)rouck Institute, now i)art of the ]Hiblic school s\stem in Jersey 
Lity, St. Teeter's College, excellent high schools and a number oi private 
schools in xarious ])arts of the couiU\. 









3lFrsini (CfliT 

U lvMuL\\'l'l\( J a numl)er of ol)staclcs that would have stunted the 
growth of any other cit\- in its incipiencv. Jersey Citv has grown from 
a strip of farming land with a i)opulati()n of 13 in 1802. to a thriving 
coniinunit} with a population of 300.885. Xor lias it vet come into its own. 

Located ideally as a centre of transportation, it is now the focal point 
of a huge fan of railroad tracks running north, south and west. Its river 
front i> hemmed with husy wharfs, while tubes and ferries link it with New 
York City which can be reached in three minutes. Its heart throbs with 
indtistry and sends an ever increasing flow of commodities into the arteries 
of trade radiating to all parts of the world. As a manufacturing centre it 
stands anu)ng the hrst cities of the country. 

No wonder then that statisticians, with plausible figures to back them, 
predict a population of 745.374 in 1936. insisting that their estimate is a con- 
servative one. * 

A peep into Jersey City's earl\- history makes the fact of its present im- 
portance seem an unreality. Until the beginning of the 19th century. Jersey 
City, or what i- now Jerse\- Chy. was used as farming land. 'Idle entire 

■t t 



population of thirteen was gathered in one house with outbuildings, on 
Paulus Hook. For over one hundred years this property consisting of 
meadows and a bit of upland, had been in the possession of the \'an Vorst 
family. In 1746 Cornelius \'an \'orst built a ferry to Xew York and in 1769 
laid out a race track on his property. 

Even in its early days Jersey City. b\- virtue of its strategic position, 
was a centre of transportation. Here the '"Flying ^lachine." a springless 
wagon began its three days' journey to Philadelphia. This was succeeded 
by the stage wagon, which left Philadelphia on Monday, reached Trenton 
that day. arrived in Elizabethtown on Tuesday and Paulus Hook on Wed- 
nesday. Charles H. W'intield. in his monograph on the "Founding of Jersey 
City," says that at one time as many as twenty stages entered Paulus Hook 
a dav. 

1 1 

( )n Maix'li J(). 1804, llu- \ an XHi'^l ]>i"(ii)ci'ly was ci nucxcd to .Vnthony 
!)c\'. rcprcscnlalix (.' of Xrw \i>v\< ir.MiK'vcd interests, in i-eturn tdr a peri)ettial 
annuity of ()()CO milled diillars, secured Ii_\ ; 
tract ctuitained 117 acres bounded 1)\ the 

m irredeemable mortg-age. ddic 
Hudson l\i^•er, ITarsimns Ba^', 

Lommunipaw l>a 
title to il bad 1 

! I 

llax and a straiebt line between ibe two bax'^. The \ an X'orst 


a])])ro\c(l l)\ 



lamilton and 

isiab ( )8:(len 

Tman, for wbieb legal service the lawyei's I'eceixed a i)i"incely fee of Sioo. 
The capitalists for whom l)e\- bought the jjroperty, cut it up into lots 
and adxertised it for sale. bo])ing to Imild U]) a thrixing community in short 
lirder. Ibil tbc\ found ibemseKes confronted by two formidable obstacles 
which f(»r a time threa.tencd to disrupt their ])lans. These were the \ an \ orst 
mortg-age and the claim of New York ('it\ to jurisdiction over the lands 
under the iludson wesiwai^d to low water mark on the jersey shore. United 
Slates District Court judge l\(ibcrt briiup of New NOrk and Recorder Richard 
liarrison of New York Lit}', had decided in favor of this contention, but in 
the nick of time the Comiuon (.duncil of New York City i)assed a resolution 
asstiring" the pi-o])rielors of I'atdus Hook that the cit_\- did not wish to oppose 
the land iiroject. The re>olution added that the impro\'ements "woitld greath- 
tend to the con\-enience of the inhabitants of this cit\- in case of the retttrn 
of the e])idemic" (small ])ox). 


The Jersey Company Formed. 

The resolution serxxd to reassure all concerned that the whar\es along" 
T'aulus Hook would not ha\e to l)c rebuilt under the direction of New^ York 
City, and the promotion of the land project was resumed. On October it. 
1804. certain "articles of association" were entered into between the original 
proprietors and certain associates. On the 10th of November. 1804. the 
capitalists were incorporated b}- the legislature under an act entitled "An 
act to incorporate the associates of the Jersey Company." The statute had 
been drawn U]) by Alexander Hamilton and conferred on the associates prac- 
tically all of the powers of local government. Some of the more prominent 
associates and the amount of shares held b}- each in the enterprise were: 
Jacob Radclitte. Mayor of New York City, 100 shares; Jose])h Bloomfield. 
governor of New Jersey. 20 shares; Richard X'arick, a former attorney ger.eral 
of NeW' York State, 100 shares; Alexander G. AlcWhorter, 30 shares; An- 


tlioiix i )c\-. lou shares ; J. X. C'uiiiiiiiii,!^-, 50 ^liarcs ; William I lalsrv', 30 shares ; 
l''.lislia rxiiidiniil, 15 shares; Samuel lioyd, 40 shares; Arch. ( iracie. 40 shares; 
liihii !'.. CKles. 20 shares; l)a\i(l Dogdeii. 20 sliares. 

Xiue m|" these associates were, !)}■ the articles of iiicorporalioii. to he made 
:ruslees with the ])ii\\er lii ci'iiduct and maiia,!:;e the affairs of tlie conipaiu' 
and to >ell the pi-nperly and ai)])oint all necessary (ifficers. l-'.ach assdciate 
had line \i)te l^r each share he held in the com])any. 

All sorts I if induci'ments were held out In i^ct i>urchasers of lots. Lois 
were tdlered li'ce. in Sdine cases, exce])t for g'rnimd rent and survex'ors' fees, 
to those who agreed td ])Ut up ])nilding-s aho\e a certain \alue. In other 
cases the ])urchase ])rice of a lot was reduced if the buyer l)eg-a.n the erection 
of a l)uilding- worth $500 or o\ er within one year after the i)urchase. An effort 
was made to get Kohci'l l'"ult(in to tran-^l'e1" his shipyai'd in the town. Thi-- 
eflort was successlul li\- reason of an offer of one hhick of tand for $ioco. 
paxa.hle in fixe years \\ith(itit intt'rest. Mere he made his first attem])t to 
introduce the use lif steam power into ferry and other \ehicles. 

SiU4«.|^-«^^^J^i21 i^^ 

(■artf:rf.t club house. ii<:rskn' city. x. .1. 

The associates had >ha(le trees i)lanted in the streets, reserved land for 
a shipyard, for churches, a school and a jmhlic market, and to enc<iurag"e the 
increase of the supi)ly of pure water, contributed toward the cost of digging 
wells. In 1805 they negotiated for the erection of a hotel which was after- 
wards known as the lludson House and now form> ])art ol C'olgate's soai) 

Jersey City Incorporated. 

l!ut in sjjite ol all these inducements the colon\- did not prosper and we 
read that at the end of 30 years after the beginning of the enterprise the 
population showed an increase of less than fifty a year. The three main 
elements in the retardation of its growth were the old \"an N'orst mortgage. 


f(»r the paxnienl of which the associates had to use the revenues from the 
ferrv and the eround rent from some of the h)ts which were sold under that 
condition ; also from time to time the bugaboo of New York's claim to Jersey 
land under water kej^t reasserting- itself, and thirdly the form of g-overnment 
was tmpopular since it conferred on the associates too mtich i)ower, allowing 
them ihrougli tlieir Ixiard of trustees to le\'\- taxes and inflict penalties when 
the land owners refused to abide by their laws. 

iMuding- themselves tmable. under these conditions to carry otit their 
ambitious ])lans the trustees a])])lied lo the leg-islature in 1819 for a law in- 
corporating the town. Such ;in enactment was passed on January 20 of that 
year, entitled "An act lo inct)rporate the city of Jersey in Bergen County.'" 
in the l)o(l_\- of the act the name was changed to Jersey City. Even under 
this act, howe\er, the associates still held the balance of power and were 
able to dictate concerning tax levies. The ''Board of Selectmen of Jersey 


>*p,aoi: • 


City,"' consisting oi hve freeholders or inhabitants were more or less tigtire- 
heads. Consequently this form of municipal government was also ttnpopular 
and on January 27,. 1829. an amendation act was passed, tinder which the 
Board of Selectmen, consisting of seven members, were allowed to raise 
money by tax not exceeding $300 in anv one vear tmless bv consent of the 
freeholders arid other taxable inha]:)itants. Although this sum sounds 
ridictilotisl}- small it was opulent compared with the amounts ol)tained 1)}' 
the old board when the associates had the say. 

Things began to improve perceptibly after that, es])ecially when in 1834 
the rights of Jersey to land under water were estal)lished in a treat\- with 
New York. Then transportation facilities, such as they were then, began to 
increase. The New Jersey Railroad with its "passenger car Washington" 
established its terminus in Jersey City, carrying passengers to Newark and 
then extending in the direction of Philadelphia. Then there was the Paterson 
and Hudson River Railroad, with three cars having a capacity of thirty 
passengers each and drawn by "fleet and gentle horses." Tn 1836' the Morris 
Canal was f)j)ened for traffic from Newark. 


Thirly-four years to a day from the lime l)ey contracted witli \ an Voorst 
Un- the ptirchase of Paukis Hook. Jersey City was incorporated. This was 
on February 22, 1838. Henceforth the ])o\vcrs of g-overnmcnt were to be 
vested in a mayor and a common council, ddiis new charter established the 
community as a unit, separate from the Township of Bergen of which il had 
ulwa\s been a part. 


But all this story so far concerns only the acorn from which the oak of 
the city, as it stands today, sprang. The best descrijnion of the territorial 
growth of Patilus Hook, or the original jersey City is afforded in the follow- 
ing passage from Charles H. Winfield's "Monograph on the h'ounding of 
Jersey City." 

The first additi(>n of territory to the original 1)ounds of Powles Hook 
brought within the jurisdiction of Jersey City, was made March 8th. 1839. 
Then the westerly boundary of the city was extended to the centre line of 
Grove street. 


'i^he second enlargement was made March 27th, 185J. when Jersey City 
and the Township of \'a.n X'orst were consolidated. This Township was on 
the Island of Ahasimus. and with Powles Hook and the territory annexed 
thereto in 1839. covered the whole island. This island was surrounded on 
the east b}' Hudson's River, and on the other three sides by Mill Creek, from 
Jan de Lacher's Hook on the south around by Point of Rocks and the foot 
of the Hill at Newark Avenue, thence winding through the meadows to the 
Hudson at the boundary line between Jersey Cit}- and Hobokeu on the north. 
The northerly part of this stream was generally called Harsimus Creek. 

In 1870. the cities (-if Hudson. Bergen and jersey City were consolidated 
under the last name. 

The C\{\ of HiulsDii was iiici)r])<>ratcd April iilli, 1855. and covered all 
the territorx- Iviiii^- on the llei.^hts. and extending- to the Hackensack River 
..n the west, between the 1 'ennsyhania l\ailroad on the south, and the Town 
of \\'est llol)oken on the north. 

The C"il\- of ISerg-en w a-> incorporated March iith, 1868. and covered all 
ihe territory hctween the Pennsylvania Ka.ilroad on the north, the Townshii) 
of (Ireenvilie on the south, the llackensack River on the west, and .Mill Creek 
and lludson's River on the east. Within these bounds were the once fortified 
^ illages of t"oninuuii])aw and "het dorp liergen in t'nieuw maislandt." 

In 1873. ^'i*^ Township of Greenville, covering- all the territory between 
the Cities of Bergen and F5ayonne. and the New York and Hackensack Bays 
was added to Jerse\- Cit\. To-da\ all of these siualler cities make up the 
present city of Jerse}' City. 

Prosperous Up-to-Date Community. 

( )n the western slope of the Bergen section in the Jersey City of today 
is laid out the beautiful West Side Park covering 2c8 acres. Its construc- 
tion l)v the Hudson County Park Commission cost $1,250,000. There are 
rdne city parks with an area of 39.10. They are River \'iew. Bay \Me\v. 
]^eonard J. Gordon. Hamilton. Coluiubia, Mary Benson. Lafayette. \'an \"orst 
and Washington. 

In handsome public buildings jerse}' City is not lacking. It boasts a City 
Hall that cost $900,000; the Free Public Librar_\-. $360,000; the new City 
Hospital. $350,000. iricluding the ])rice of the site; the new High School, 
$400,000; the People's Palace, donated by Joseph Milbank to the First Con- 
gregational Church. $400,000. and a number of other structures of modern 

In the way of educational facilities there are thirty-one public schools, 
ten Roman Catholic Parochial Schools, the High School. Hasbrouck Institute, 
•'now part of the High School svstem), St. l^eter's College, St. Aloysius 
Academ}- and the German-. Vmerican School. 

For e\ery 2,079 people in Jersey City there is one church making a total 
of 122 houses of worship. 

These facts when correlated present a picture of a thriving, up-to-date 
city which contrasts oddlv with the scenes that niu>t have prevailed less 
than a century ago when the associates prevailed on the legislattire to pass 
a law keeping- the streets clear of pigs. shee]). ducks and dogs. 

Jersey City is the only city in Hudson L'ount\' ( 1914) operating under 
the Commission h'orm of ( i( )\ernment. it haxing ado])ted the Walsh Act in 
T913. (ireat things ha\e been ])i-edicte(l for Jerse\- Cit\- under this new forni of 
goven-iment. and while it is hardl}- jxissible at this early day to claim that 
tangible l)enefits have been derixed, there has been a marked increase in the 
interest dis]dayed by all classes of citizens, in the city's welfare. The try-out 
of this new method (,| gnxernment will. howe\-er, l)e watched with great 
interest b\- the entire count\-. 




New Jersev 







N. J. 



Al/rH()U(ilI Castle Pdint may lia\e been seen l)y some of tlie early 
iiavig-ators who, it is claimed, entered the Iludson River during the 
sixteenth centur} , no record of it appears until the memorable voyage 
of Henrv Hudson. After this daring na\igator ha.d ascended his river for 
one hundred and hft_\' miles, he returr.ed toward its mMutli, and, in consequence 
of an encounter with the Indians on Manhattan Island, anchored the Half 
Moon in W'eehawken Co\e, on October 2. 1609. where the serpentine rocks 
of the neighboring point tuade such an ini])ression upon Robert luet, the 
mate, that he says in his log: "W illiin a while after, we got downe two leagues 
beyond that place, and anchored in a May, cleere fi-oni all danger of tlu-m on 
the other side of the ri\H'r, \\ here we saw a good piece of ground ; and hard 
by it there was a Llilte, that looked of the colour of white greene. as though 
it were either Copper, or SiKer Myne: and 1 think it to be one of them, by 
the trees that grow ujxm it. Vnv they are all ])nrne(l. and the ntlu'r places 
are greene as grasse." 

From that date Castle Point has occui)ied a ])lace in history. 


Origin of the Name " Hoboken." 

Rut long before Hudson's day, the island of which it formed a ])art, and 
which is now the city of Hoboken, was known to the aboriginal inhabitants 
of the country wdio, even if they had no ])ermancnt settlement there, must 
have visited it frequently, for there they procured the stone from which they 
fashioned their ])ipe bowds. On this account they called the place '' Hopoghan 
Hackingh," or " Land of the Tobacco Pipe." 

First Recorded Deed of the City. 

In the tirst recorded deed in tlie annals of Xew Xetherland, "the land 
called Hobocan Hackingh" is conveyed l)y its Indian owners, on July u, 
T630, to the Director and Council of New^ Xetherland, wdio were acting on 
behalf of Michael Pauw, Burgomaster of Amsterdam, Lord of Achtienhoven, 
and one of the members of the Dutch West India Company. Pauw also 


acquired the other hind on the west sliore of the Hudson River and New 
York Bay from Weehawken to. and including, Staten Island, and became the 
"patroon" of this re£j;ii)n. wliich he named " Pavonia." As far as known, 
Patiw never came to America, and as the other members of the West India 
Company objected to his monopoly of the lands across the Hudson from 
Manhattan Island, he linally sold tuU his interest in Pavonia to the company 
in 1634 or 1635. 

Early Settlement. 

An asrent of Pauw, named C\)rnelius \'an X'orst, settled at Ahasimus, in 
what is now Jersc}- C'ily (where his descen<lants live to this day), and his 
son. Hendrick \'an X'orst. was probably the first white occupant of Hoboken. 
although he appears to have had only a farm there and no house, as he 
probablv lived at his father's in Ahasimus. He returned to Holland in the 
summer of 1639 and there he died, and the next year Director-General Kieft, 
the governor of New Netherland, leased Hoboken to Aert Teunissen Win 
Putten and agreed to build a small house there. Van Putten improved the 
place, started farming, and erected a brew-house, but on the outbreak of 
war with the Indians in 1643 he was killed while on a trading expedition to 
Sandy Hook, and his farm was laid desolate and all his buildings burned, 
exce])t the brewery, which was still standing in 1649. 


In 1645, \'an Putten's widow married Sybout Claesen, a carpenter in 
New Amsterdam, and they laid claim to Hoboken, but Governor Kieft did 
not allow their claim and leased the island to Dierck Claesen, from Bremen, 
who afterwards abandoned the place; so that at the end of the year 1649 it 
lay unoccupied. Nicholas A'arleth acquired an interest in Hoboken a few 
years later, and in 1663 he received a formal grant of the land from Governor 
Peter Stuyvesant, which was confirmed to him l)v Governor Carteret in 
1668, after the English conquest. 

The Bayards Come Into Possession. 

\'arleth, in 1665, had married Anna, the sister of Governor Stuyvesant 
and the widow of Samuel Bayard. On Varleth's death, in 1675, his heirs 
succeeded to his estate, and from them the Hoboken jiropertv was acquired 


I)y liis step-son, Samuel Ila\ar 


i/iJ. The lattcr's descciulaiUs con- 

tinued ui possessiou ut Hoboken until the Revolutionarv War, and improved 
the estate. In the time of \\'ilham .J5a}ard the last of 'his immediate famih- 
to own Hoboken. his mansion stood on Castle Point, and near it were many 
I'arni buildino-s, while arour.d were 
and olhiM- farm lands. It was said 

etc.. there is not on tin- \orth Ri\er. with plenty of oysters in the crc^draTd 
before the door." In such a i)aradise Air. Bayard spent his summers and 
entertained with lari^e hospitality. Among his guests were Mr. Quincy, of 
Massachtisetts. in 1773, and the deleg-ates from that State to the Continental 
("( ingress, in 177^. 

)cautiful gardens, fine orchards, meadows 
"a better fishing place for catching shad, 

Hoboken During the Revolutionary War. 

At the ])eginning of the Rexolution. William Hazard was on the side of 
the colonies, and even served on a Committee of hiftv- W hig sympathizers 
with lay. Lewis and other patriots. FJut when tln' Mritish captured New- 
York, in 1776, he thought that the American cause was a lost one, and went 
o^'er to the British si.le. e\en joining the King's army, in which he had the 
rank of colonel. His farm at "Hoebuck" w'as a prey to bt)th sides during the 


war. In 1778 some of the Light Horse of Washington's army raided the 
place and carried ofif a great number of cattle, and in August, 1780, it was 
completely laid waste and all the buildings burned, except a small one near 
the ferry, by a party of Americans. 

Hoboken came near seeing the capture of Benedict Arnold, for '"Light 
Horse Harry" Lee, with three dragoons and three led horses, waited there 
tnany hours one autumn night in 1780, hoping that Sergeant John Chanipe 
would succeed in his hold plan of kidnapping the traitor in New York, and 
bringing him across the river, but owing to a sudden change of Arnold's 
headquarters the plan miscarried. 

As he had taken up arms against his country, Bayard's Hoboken estate 
was confiscated by the State of New Jersey, and a.t the close of the Revolution 
was ordered to be sold at public auction. Hearing of the proposed sale. 
General von Steuben, who did so much to drill the Revolutionary Army into 
shape and make it an eftective fighting machine, wrote to Governor William 


Livingston, of New Jersey, and asked if lie mi^q-ht not buy the estate before 
it was auctioned off. fnr he had evidently taken a great fancy to it. In reply 
Li\-ingston wrote him ihat, although he " scarcely knew a gentleman on the 
whole Continent whom our Assembl}- wnnld take a greater pleasure in oblig- 
ing than Baron Steuben." yet the Assembly could not. without passing a new 
special law in his favor, withdraw the estate from j)ublic sale, and that this 
would establish a b;id ])recedent and give rise to much jealousy. Baron 
Steul)en's o]d\ course, then, would be to buy the property at the auction 
through an agent, if unable to attend himself, (itn-ernor Livingston then 
added this piece oi friendly advice, which will be appreciated by all summer 
sojourners in Hoboken : " But if you never were on the spot yourself in the 
mt-nths of julv. August and Sei)tend)er. and I thought myself at lil;erty to 
ohtrude m\- ad\ice u])on \du. 1 would sa\- that considering how often \ou 


are exposed to loss of blood in the wa}- of your profession as a Soldier, i 
would dissuade you from putting it in the power of the Mosquitoes at Hoe- 
buck to augment the effusion, for nexer did I set foot on a place where that 
troublesome and vcnomou-^ little volatile, during those months, swarmed 
in greater abundance." 

In General von Steuben's answer to this ei)istle, he seems to feel hurt at 
the refusal of his request, and perhaps at the rather trilling tone of the 
(iovernor's letter, and. at any rate, he withdraws his application and api)ears 
to have made no further attempt to accpiire Hoboken. 

Purchased by Colonel John Stevens. 

The auction sale was held on March lO. I7(S4. and the Bayard estate was 
bought by Colonel John Stevens for about $90,000. Colonel Stevens was 
born in 1749 and belonged to a family already distinguished in New Jersey. 
His grandfather had come to New York in the early part of the eighteenth 
centurv as a law officer of the Crown and had afterwards resided in Perth 
Ambov. at one time the leading town of East Jersey. His father became 
vice-president of the Council of New Jersey, president of the Council of East 
[ersev Properties, president of the New Jersey State Convention which ratified 
the Constitution of the United States, and held \arious other positions of 
honor and dignitv, and he married Elizabeth Alexander, a sister of William 

Alexander. wIki laid claim in the ICarldcjm of Sterlinj^- and was a famous 
general in the Re\i >lulii)iiary Army. Colonel John himself was an ofificer in 
the same army, and was also treasurer of the State of New Jersey duriup' 
the greater part of the war. 

The engineering achie\ements of Colonel |i»hn Stexens and his son.'- 
have been so often recnunted that it is nut neeessary to enlarge upon them here. 

Hoboken As a Pleasure Resort. 

As many as t\\ent_\ thdU^aixl jieople Irnm New ^'l)rk would cross the 
lerr\- in a single day to s])end a few hours on the Green, along the River Walk, 
and in the l'd\sian Fields. There were <lelightfid oeetijialions and entertain- 
ments lor all ages and classes. Among the ])optdar attractions were "aerial 
wavs." a circular railway, and a primitixe form of I'erris wheel. Refresh- 
ments of all kinds were to he had at the "jC) House," near the ferrv, ( ])art of 
wliich was the onl\- one of ('ohmel I'ayard's buildings left after the coidla- 
gration oi 1780). at the "C olonade," a ])a\"ilion erected bx' (iilout-l .Stex'ens in 
the El}"sian Fields in 18,^), and at manx' other ])laces. 

The \isitor. on a.rrixing by the ferry, xvould be landed at the foot of a 
little hill, on xxhich st( lod the "7^) I louse,"" a. little to the m uith of \xhat is now 



'»»i>i::-^- nWM^^mi - 

I *f 



Newark street, between Hudson and Washington streets. North of the ''76 
House" was the beautiful lawn known as " The Green,"' which sloped from 
Washington street down to the river and was bounded on the north by First 
street. Here the visitor luight spend his hours enjoying the pleasant scene 
or indulging in some of the many amusements which were all around for his 
entertainment, but if he desired to find a quieter spot or explore the natural 
beauties of the place, there was a path, lined with fine old elms, which led 
toward Castle Point and then turned ofl" to the shore, xvhere it ran between 
the clilis and the river's edge, and was known as the River Walk. Until north 
of the Point, it led into the ITysian Fields, where tall trees stood in a fine, 
park-like expanse which extended from the present location of Tenth street 
to the Cove at Fifteenth street, and from AX'illow avenue to the river. In 
the earlv part of the nineteenth century this part of Hoboken was known by 


the less classical name of '" Turtle Grove." for here the epicurean members 
of the "Hoboken Turtle Club" assembled to enjoy their succulent dinners. 

Just north of the spot where Castle Point j)rojects farthest into the river 
is a hollow in tlic clill. calKd S\ bil's Cave, in which is a spring of water and 
which was one of the most poi)ular resorts. This place gained great notoriety 
at the time of tlie mysterious death of Mar}- l\ogers, the " beautiful cigar girl," 
vvhose l)od\- was found in the river near by. .'-^he had left her home in New 
York, where she was widel\- known and greatly admired, on a Sunday morn- 
ing and was not seen again l)y her family until her body was found 
(lavs afterwards. The ni\ster\- of her murder, which caused the -greatest 
sensation of the da\, was ne\er com])letel}- sohed, but her fate led Edgar 
Allan Poe to write the stor_\- of "The Mystery of Marie Roget," in which all 
the circumstances of Mary Rogers' death are minutely recounted, with the 
exception that the scenes laid in Paris instead of in New York and 
Hoboken, and the case is analyzed with a mastery unequaled by any of the 
modern writers of detecti\-e stiiries. 

A Proposed Public Park. 

Colonel Stevens did all in his power to i)reserve the natural beautv of 
Hoboken and to add to its attractiveness, but he realized that with its near- 
ness to New York and its convenience for commerce, the inroads of business 
would, sooner or later, destroy its charms, unless the i)lace could be reserved 


as a public park. He therefore drew U|) a scheme by which the Citv of New 
York w-as to acquire the shore front of Hoboken as' well as the ferry. It is 
doul)tful if this ])lan was pul)lished at the time, but it is of interest in giving 
an insight to the character and amazing foresight of Colonel Stevens. 

Suggested as a Part of Nev/ York City. 

He proposed that a number of pavilions should be erected, and that 
" every eiTort should ])e resorted to. to render them the most finished speci- 
mens of architectural beauty and elegance." He thought that nothing could 
have^ a more powerful tendency to elevate the mass of the people than the 
free intercourse of all classes amid such beautiful surroundings. He believed 
that the revenue from the ferries would increase enormously with the grow^th 
of New York, and make their acquisition a most profitable one for the cit\-. 


[n case. Ill )\vc\ (,T, tlic ( "« irporatii m >>\ New Xnvk \< unal)le to su])i)I\ the 
re(|uisite ca])ilal at once, he said that ""two gentlemen of undoubted credit" 
(John Jacolj Aslor and Dr. l)a.\id I losack) oil'er to fniance the scheme. And 
he himself was willino^ to "superintend gratis all operations nccessar\ for 
carr\ ing the C( )ntemplated inipi"o\ enients into ellect." 

A Scheme Which Almost Altered Our History. 

( )ne ni( ire instance of C'olonel John .Ste\ens"s far-sighted genius must he 
cited: He drew np a project tor an elexated railway, to start from the Balterv 
in New 'S^ork. pa>s u]> ( Ireenwich or Washington street until opposite llobo- 
ken. wluii it was lo tuiai and cros■^ the lltulson rix'cr to liohoken. and continue 
()\er llergen Mill to /Little halls i mi the I'assaic ri\er. Another account of 
:his ])r(i_iect says that the ra.ilway was lo go all the wa\' to I Miiladelphia and 
Washington. The Hudson ri\i.'r bridge was to carry ])a>>engers and teams. 
i'.s well as the iail\\a\. and was to ser\e also as an aqueduct to coun'c}' pure 
lersev water to New "^'ork. 

Development of the Ferry. 

A histor\' 111 lloboken can scarcely be com])letel\- disass( iciated from 
the name of Ste\ens — to this laniily the city owes nnich. It wa> hei-e on 
this ferry in iSii, that John Stevens ran the hrst steam ferrxboat, the 
Julianna., his own iuA'ention, and the first steam ferryboat in the world. 
In Blunt's Strangers" (iuide to New \'ork, 1817. we find this notice: 


"A steam ferry boat sails from the bottom of Mnn'a\- street e\ er\- half 
hour from sunrise to sunset, hare J shilling. 

"Carriages from $1.00 to $1.50. 

"A sail boat for the same ])lace starts from the bottom of .spring Street. 
Fare I2)^c." 

It is interesting to know that tor some t'uie these boats were run b\- the 
clock in the steeple of St. Paul's Church. In those da_\s the ferry landing- 
was at N'esey street. In 1817 it was mo\ ed to Murray street, and in iSiS to 
Barclay street, its i)resent site. 

|ohn Stevens died in iH^iS and was succeeded by his son, Robert L. 
Steve;is, who was considered (Mie of the g;reatest American engineers of his 
dav. He not only built machinery for st(iamboats, but modeled their liulls 
as well, a.nd he succeeded in attaining unheard of speeds with them. He did 
nt)t confine his attention to steambc^ats alone, btit was most snccessful as a 
designer of ^•achts, and his masterpiece, the .Maria, launidied in 1843. a.t 
Hoboke'",, was the fastest sailing craft afloat ruid could more than hold he'- 
own with most of the steam \-essels of her time. 

A Resort for Notable New Yorkers. 

lohn lacob Astor, known as the richest American of his time, became a 
ixsident of Hoboken, taking up his abode in the .A.stor \'illa, a building wdiich 
still stands (though greatly altered) on the southwest corner of \\'ashington 
a.nd Seciiud streets. He mingled freely v/ith the throngs of pleasure seekers 
who frequented the "Green" and " Ri\er \\ alk." 

William Cullen Bryant referred to this "Kixer Walk" as one of the nn)st 
iieautiful in America. Here, too, came Madam Jnmel, a noted figure of the 
erirh- histor\- of New \'ork. Fitz-Greene Halleck, the poet and wit, also 
s])ent mtich of his time here. Washington Irxing and Martin \"an lUiren, 


too, oflLii crossed du tlic icri}- to \isit tlicir friend, Aster, at his palatial 
mansion on the " Green."' 

The millionaire and his literarv friend Vv^cre often seen driving: or walking* 
ii; llohoken, and thev were both \cry jiopular in a score of Dutch homesteads 
about town. 

Not only to Ilalleck, lr\in_g; and fJryant ha\e the woods of Castle Point 
and the Klysian l*"icl(ls furnished inspiration; but many of the actors and 
authors familiar lo (lid Xew York, could be seen daily strolling- along- the 
river bank nr in the syhan solitudes of Hoboken's forest glades, 

The March of Commerce. 

l!ul the perfection of the steam ferryboat, and the advent of the steamship 
decided the future of Hoboken and slowly but surely its rural beauties disap- 
peared before the march of commerce. All that remains to us now of its 
former beauty are the present grounds at Castle Pt)int. most of which have 
been recently acquired by Stevens Institute and thus fortunately preserved 
to the generations of the future. ( )n the "River Walk" if one cares to in- 
vestigate Sxbil's Cave may still be seen, but access to it can be gained only 
by courtesy oi the prt^prietor of the cafe which is built at the foot of the bluff 
— as the cave itself is entirel}- hidden by the building. It is used as a sort of 
wine cellar at present. 

On Bloomtield street, between Eleventh and Twelfth in the plr)t of ground 
owned by Mr. F. (i. Himpler, one may still see several large trees, the la^t of 
the wooded splendor of the Elysian Fields : "The picturesque village" on the 
banks of the Hudson opposite New York has given way to the "Mile Square 
City" that shelters 7f),ooo peoi)le of e\'ery known race and creed, and whose 
occupations are more diversified than in any city of America. 

The shore-front along which Hudson coasted in his little Half Moot: 
three hundred and two years ago. and which later witnessed the development 
of the steamboat, and still later, the speed contests l)etween many of America's 
fleetest sailing yachts, is now the docking place for some of the largest steam- 
ships afloat — here, too. a large proportion of the merchandise which enters 
and leaves the port of New York is handled — while the great tide of travel 
ebbs and flows unceasingly. 

Our city is rich in memory and tradition from Henry Hudson down, and 
it is associated closely with the beginning and devek)pment of so much that 
has made America what it is to-day — the steamboat, the railroad, the iron- 
clad warship and the fleet pleasure _\acht ; such a cit\- should command a 
place in the affection of every inhabitant. 

Outline of Events. 

No less interesting is the history of the city's rapid growth in population 
and industries — though nothing more than a brief outline can be attempted 

Hoboken's existence as an incorporated city began on March 28, 1855; at 
that time the population numbering 6.727; we celebrated our semi-centenniai 
in 1905 with 65,468 population. After its creation as a city the events of 
importance might be set in order as follows-^in 1855 the first stage route 
was established; in 1857 the first water mains were laid; in 1858 School No. i 
was opened. 

The first year of the Civil W^ar saw horse cars on Washington street. In 
1862 Numl)er 2 School was opened; in 1863 came the construction of the 
Erie Railroad, and the riots in connection therewith. The Hamburg-American 
Line was also established here in the same year. In 1865 the establishment 


of the First National Bank — in the early seventies, the opening- of School No. 
3, and Stevens Institute — in the late seventies, the improvement of Hudson 
and Church Squares and the building of Number 4 School. 

In the eig-hties the elevator lift and elevated road were built to the liill; 
the citv fathers moved into the new City Hall; then came the construction 
of the West Shore Railroad along- the Hillside, the opening- of the 14th Street 
Ferry, the organization of the Second National l)ank, and the opening of 
School No. 5. 

In the vears between 1F90 and 1900 we note the f)rganization of the 
Hudson Trust, the building of School No. 6, the organization of the paid 
Fire Department, the construction of the Hudson County Boulevard, the 
horse cars superseded l)y the trolley, No. 7 School dedicated, the Trust Com- 
pan\' of N. j. formed and the elevator lift at 19th street ])Ut in o]^eration. 

The years from 1900 to the present tituc are marked by the establi>hment 
of the Hudson Trust, the inception of the P.oard of Trade, o])cning of School 
No. 8, the formation of the jetTerson Trust Co., the conipletion of School No. 
9, the (,])ening of the Hudson Tunnels, the comjiletion of the new ferry 
terminal and Lackawanna Station, the Hudson Fulton CYdebration and the 
opening of the new High School, and but recently the completion of new 
School No. I and the organization of the Columbia and Steneck Trust Ct)m- 
panies and the erection of the Factory Terminal loft building, the first of a 
series of terminal factt)ry l)uildings to be constructed in units and which when 
completed will enable the city of lloboken to oiTer industrial ad\antages 
une(|ualled an\\vliere in the country. 



>*^ .\\'( )NNE, originall\- ])art of Bergen Township, was made an indepen- 
4|a (lent mnnieii)ality hy legi->lati\e enactment in 1857. Messrs. A. D. 
^^^ Alellick. Jacol) A. \ an lldni, Jacol) M. Vreeland. Hartman Vreeland 
and l-".gl)erl Wauters were appointed to serve on tlie first commission to 
-nr\e\ and la\- out streets and avenues. Then Bayonne occupied a strip of 
land extending' from 30th Street to 3Sth Street and from New York Bay to 
Newark ila\ . 1 1 was first desig-nated a.s the Township of Bayonne. 

The name Uaxonne was taken from tlie hrench city of the same name 
and was un(|ue>lional)l\- selected because of the situation of the new munici- 
jialitx' between two l)ays. 

l\)v a. consideral)le j^eriod of its histor}- Ba}onnc had to contend wdth 
serious ol:)Stacles in the building up of its population. Up to the beginning" 
of the Ci\il War in i8C)i, it is doubtful whether there were more than four 
or five hundred people residing there. In 1870 the population was 3.834; in 
1880, 9,37^; in 1885, 13.006; in 1890, 19,033; in 1900, ^2./ 22; in 1905, 42.000; 
and 1910. 55.345. Even today Bayonne has not come int(3 the full prosperity 
or populative strength justified b_\' her en\'iable natural advantages. The 
real growth of the city dates back to 1869 when it was chartered. 

On A^an Boskerck's Point, a strip of rolling land of sandy character with 
marshes intervening which jutted into New York Bay to the north of Con- 
stable Hook, was built the first house in Bayonne. It was the home of one 
branch of the \'an Boskerck family "who, generation after generation, tilled 
the soil as farmers, assisted by slave labor, and marketed their surplus pro- 
ducts at the growing city of New York." They made the trip in what was 
known as a "pieranza," a type of boat somewhat similar to a schooner without 
jib or topsails. The old homestead remained in the \'an Boskerck family 
until it and the land surrounding was purchased by the Standard Oil Compau}-. 

Constable Hook, at the UKtuth of the Kill xon Kull, and lying opposite 
New Brighton, S. I., was granted to jacobson Ro}', a gunner of Fort Amster- 
dam. It derived its name from the fact that Konstable was the title for 
gunner and Hocke meant Point — hence Constable Hook, or Gunner's Point. 
It contained about 300 acres and has since grown to be the nucleus of a 
thrix'ing cluster of oil and other industries. Rov received a patent for the 
lands in March, 1646, and in if)54 patents were issued for lands between 
Cemoneijas and the Kilvankol. \\'ithin this grant was Pamra])o, then called 
Pemrept)gh, now a [jortion of the Third ward of Bayonne. 

Early Growth Retarded. 

As one monograph on the founding of Bayonne says. "The earlv growth 
of the settlement'' was much retarded by the unfriendly attitude of the In- 
dians who had been incensed by the treatment the}' had received from the 
Dutch at Xew Amsterdam. 


"TIk- hai'liardus atlacks upnn ihc isolated I'ann houses scattered over 
this territory coiii|)i'11l'(1 the inhabitants to fly for shelter to New Amsterdam, 
and their houses wei^e hurned and ealtle di-ixen olT. i'"or a nund)er of \'ears 
it was unsafe lor tlu'in to retuin lo llieir larnis and i-elniild — after the troubles 
with the Indians had subsided, this seetion of the country became ag'aiu 
inhabitated by the farm owners and b}- others who came with them, until 
clusters of houses, biull near each other lov nnUual ])roie(-lion, formed ihem- 
sehes into \illages or hamlets. ( iradually the Indian disappeared from tills 
locality, withdrawing- to tlu' interior where he could not be molested 1)\' the 
intrusiAC while, d he forests were cleared and as farms were extended the 
p(ipn]al](in increased." , 

Ai^ain in the "( holera year" in the v:u-\y ^o's the population was deci- 
mated. I he contagion in this localit\' was expla.ined b\- some as the result 
ol the thi-( iwim;- oxerboard Ironi plague stricken shi])s in the harbor, bedding" 
or other articles which were carrit'd int(i the shore b\- the tide. 

Itayonne was divided intii four settlements, at this time, one at Bergen 
I'oint tiear the Stateii Uland ferry which was at lirst ])ro])elled b\- horse 
]>o\\c'r; another and possibh the oldest settlement, at (dnstal)le llook where 
about li\e or six families clustered; the third at (,'entre\i]le wdiere a mnuber 
o| liouses were ,<;'roU])ed around the C(iuntr_\' store, located near what is now 
the corner ol _'_'nd street and Axenne 1) or llroadwax' ; and the fourth al 
I 'aiurepougdi. 

( )iie of the features of the settlement at Constable Nook was the old 
tidal luill located on a tidal creek near the i>resenl site of the ().\ford Copper 
Company's AA^irks. Here were ground the wdieat. rye and buckwheat of 
the farms of Bergen Xeck and Statcn Island. It was known as Terhune's 

The first factor\' to be erected in thi> district was the IJergeu INiint 
Cop])er Company, i)rior to 1848 — "now," as one historian sa\ s. "ddie whole 
Hook is covered with the tanks and stills of the Standard ( )il (onipany." 

On Constable Hook in the earlv days were gathered the fa.rms of the 
A'reelands. A'an liuskirks and reidumes. 

The earliest inhabitants subsisted at first b^' tradir.g with the Indian^, 
farming wdiere lands could be casih- cleared, and fishing and o\ steriug- ,\s 
the timber land was gradualK- cleared awa\- agriculture became the sta])le 
in(lustr\-. the commons, or common land being turned over to the resiilents 
for cattle grazing ])ur])oses. 

Bayonne During the Revolution and the Civil War Periods. 

W hen Admiral Howe's fleet came to anchor ofi' the mouth of the Kill 
\ on Kull in the Revolution. Bayonne. or that district which is now Ba}t)nne, 
became a stragetic point in the mo\-ements of the Colonial troops. Cieueral 
.Mercer, fearing an attack from Staten Island, wdiere the Mritish troops had 
been landed from the warshi])s, placed a guard of 500 men at Bergen Neck 
on |ul\ 4. i77'>. Later this force was augumentcd by part of the Pennsyl- 
vania militia. During some of the skirmishes that ensued it is sui)i)osed that 
the English troops managed to occupy Constable Hook. When the British 
invested New York the Continental troops withdrew from this part of Jersey 
and the Tnry and English troops succeeded them. Vnvi Dclancey. on Bergen 
Neck w^as used as an outpost by the Tory forces. The fort was located 
according to one historian, "On the high ground near the old homestead of 
Hartman X'reeland about at 52nd street, west of Avenue C." This home- 
stead was torn down onlv a few years ago. 


Sla\erv exi.^lcd among Uie more prominent families of the district for 
some time after 1800. A number of acts were then passed l)y the legislature 
penalizing slave holders and in 1846, it was abolished entirely. In 1790 
I'ergen County, of which Hudson County was then a part, had 2300 slaves. 
In 180a there were 12,300. This numl)er was gradually reduced until in 1840 
there were only 674. Some of the descendants of these slaves still live in 
Bayonne. .\s thev assumed the names of the families by whom they were 
held in manv cases, scMiie of their progeny still go by the name of \^an Horn 
and \'a.n lUiskirk. 

.\l the outbreak of the Civil War the district contributed a company of 
militia to the Union forces. This was known as the "Close Light Guards," 
in honor of |()sei)h ?>. Close, a wealth}- i)ro])erty owner who pro\'ided most 
of the money ior the equi])ment. The captain was John J. A^an Buskirk who 
was afterwards jiromoted to major. Under his command the contingent 
formed a i)art of the Second New jersey \'olunteers and went to the front 
in April. 1861. 

The Development of a Great Manufacturing Centre. 

The (k'xelopments of Bayonne from a district of farms to its present 
importance as a manufacturing centre is closely interwoven with the de- 
\elopment of its roads and transportation facilities. The first road through 
Bergen Neck was located on the westerly side near Newark Bay and parallel 
theretc), west of what is now the Boulevard or Avenue A. In several places 
this road is still unol)litera.ted. Then the Bergen Road was laid, which be- 
came afterwards the Plank Road, known as the Jersey City and Bergen Point 
Plank Road. Constructed by a stock company, it continued a toll road until 
the incorporation of the city. 

The Kings Highway, from Paulus Hoeck to Bergen Point, was laid out 
in 1764. This road became part of the stage route between New York and 
F'hiladelphia. The means of conveyance on this route was a co\ered Jersey 
wagon without springs. In spite of its name, "The Flying Machine," it took 
three days to make the trip. 

The first means of conveyance between Bergen Point and Jersey C ity 
was a stage coach. The Bergen Road was laid in 1796. 

A steamboat line, running to Newark was established about 1840. Later 
on other boats were run to Elizabethport, Perth Aniboy and Sotith .\mboy. 
Before the construction of the Central Railroad from Elizabeth to Jersey 
City, a ferry was operated from Elizabethport to New York, affording the 
residents of the Bergen Point section comparatively quick transportation to 
New York. 

Until the construction of the "Dummy Railroad" by the Jersey City and 
Bergen Railroad Company, about i860, the only means of conveyance from 
Centre^ille to Jersey City was a local stage route established by Jacob 
Merseles and afterwards operated by George Anderson. The starting point 
of this route was the Mansion House, corner of the Hook Road and the 

Bayonne in the earl_\- da}'s was a summer resort of some popularitv. Here 
fashionable New Yorkers spent their week-ends and the Mansion House had 
its fill of patrons over Saturday night and Sunday. 

In i860 the Jersey City and Bergen Railroad began its operations. The 
original line ran from the Jersey City Ferry to Bergen Hill but branches to 
Pavonia Ferry and Bergen Point were added later. The cars used on this 
load were combination steam cars and locomotives. A train consisted of Init 
<'ne car, the forward part occupied by the steam engine and the rear part by 
♦^he passenger compartment. 


Ra\iiniK' enjoyed its first real traiisportalion facilities, however, with 
the hiiihhng- of the Central Railroad of New Jersey which first ran between 
Bayonne and h'lizaheth and other towns to the west. Now three railroad 
systems, connecting- I>ayonne with every part of the country, operate within 
the limits of the city. These are the New Jersey Central, the rennsvhania 
and the Lehigh \ alley. 

Another im])ortant link in the connection of l)ayonne with its neighbor- 
ing municipalities was the erection of the britlge between f^ayonne and Eli/.a- 
beth])ort across Newark Hay. The work was beg"uii in i(S6i and hnished in 
1865 and cost $^:;_7.653. 

Today liayonne's industries include the plants of the Standard Oil Com- 
])an\ . the Tidewater ( )il Company, Pacific Coast P)orax Comi)any, the Oxford 
Cop])er C'ompanw the (General Chemical Comi)aiiy. llabcock iv Wilcox Co.. 
Safetv Insulated W'iin' and (able Com])any, Kediiig llayoime Steel Casting' 
Companv. I'dectric Laiuicli ( imi])any and many other concerns whose names 
are known all o\er the couii1r\, together with scores of smaller manufacturing 

Nor is l'>a\(inne lacking in the lianking facilities to meet the exacting 
demands of its industries. The banking institutions are well scattered so as 
to sui)i)l\- the needs of the various districts. The Mechanics Trust Com])any 
and the iUnonne Trust Company are located at the southerly or liergen 
point vnd ; the F'irst National Bank, in the U])i)er i)art of the city at the corner 
of Thirtv-third street and Broadway where it is convenient to the chief resi- 
dential section, and the City Bank, in the central district at Twenty-second 
street and Broadway. 


5Jnrth luitanu 

S r* )\\\ al\va\s has its iiitcrcstinj^- side and sidclig-hts. North Hudson 
iia.s main- plcasini^- tilings to mark its (Uiwanl march since that day 


^^ when llenry Hudson's Half Moon anchored ni the cove just below 
the projecting- ele\ation of King's woods and north of Hoboken. North 
Hudson's historx jjroperh beg-ins with the advent of the Half Moon in Wee- 
ha.wken C'o\e, and with the townshii) beo-ins in the ])roper way the story of 
the i^rowlh and development of the northern end of the county. 


Wechawken. kn<iwn variously as W'hehocken, W'eehawk and W'eehauk 
won a ])lace in histoi-\- as a famous duelling ground in wdiich men of national 
fame took i)art. Ilal'leck, the ])oet. gave the town a place in literature when 
h.e sang of its beantie- in the following language. 

"Weehawken, in th\' mountain scener}' yet. 

All we adore of nature, in her wild 
And fi-olic hour of infanc}' is met; 

.And ne\er has a summer morn smiled upon a holier scene. 

Tall spire and glittering roof and battlement. 

And banners floating in the summer air. 
And white sails o'er the calm blue waters l)end 

( ireen isle and circling shore are blended there. 

In wild realitw W hen life is old 
And man_\- a scene forgot, the heart will hold 
Its menu ir_\- < >i thee." 

It was its duelling ground on the water front that ga\e to Weehawken 
an unenxiable fame long before it became a town of itself, and it was in Wee- 
hawken cove, just north of Hctboken, wdiere llenr\- Hudson- cast anchor before 
sailing up the ri\er that bears his name. A short distance north of this 
anchorage was located the duelling ground. This place could only be ap- 
])roached by boat from X^ew York. 

1die most famous duel ever fought at this historic spot was that on Jul}' 
II. 1804, between Aaron Burr and Alexander Mamilton, in which the latter 
was killed and Burr as a result was for years thereafter a wanderer on the 
face of the earth, hax'ing gone to Europe, and spending the greater part of 
his time in France and England. This was Burr's second duel at Weehawken. 
he having fought a duel with Hamilton's In'other-indaw, Mr. Church, on 
Sc]:)teml)er J, 1799. 

On November 23, iSoi, Alexander Hamilton's eldest son, I'hili]) llamil- 
ton, was shot and killed at the Weehawken duelling ground by George I. 
(backer, a New York lawyer. On the day before, November 22. Cacker 
fought a duel at the same place with one Mr. Price, a comj)anion of I'hilip 
Hamilton's, so that it would seem that the spot was one of e\-il omen to the 
Han-iilton famih". 

Other duels recorded as having taken i)la.ce in A\'eehawken bet^veen 
prominent public men of the time were as follows: John Langstaff and ( )li\er 
Waldron, Jr.. December 25, 1801 ; DeWitt Clinton and John Swartout, July 


-i,\. 1802; Richard Jviker and I\i>l)crt Swartout, Novem])er _'i, 1X03: Isaac 
(iouvernour and W. I!. Maxwell, July 10, 1815: Benjamin rriec and .Major 
Cjreen, a British army officer, May J 2, 1816. 

Stephen Trice, a brother of Benjamin, some time later overhearing^- 
("a])lain Wilson speak disparai^inoly of the rricc-( Ireen affair. chalU-n^etl 
Wilson lo tight at W'eehavvken. Wilson was killed. 

The last famous duel of vvhicdi there is record was fought October 19, 
1835. between Henry Aitken and 'rimnias Sherman. 

The W'eehawken ferry started sometime before 1700, the exact da.te 
cannot be learned, ddie first record of the ferry is found on January 26. 1716. 
On March 15, 1859, the mosf famous section of North Hudson became a town- 
ship, and its .growth in ])opulation, commercial and social im])orta.nce has kept 
pace with its ra])id rise in the annals ot' local history. 


It l)ehoo\'ed the residents ot' the extreme nurlheiMi end iil' ihe i-i>nnt\ to 
get busy. They caught the s])irit of the times, tlonie Rule in a mo(lilied t'orni 
caug-ht their fancy, and they, the few ea.rly settlers, decided that thev could 
run a full-sized town. The town was small in area but big- in enthusiasm, and 
in 1859 it became a town in pro])er legal form, and todav it stands as in 
matter of seniority, the second town in North Hudson. A bustling, busy 
nuuiici])ality, its prog-ress has been g-reat, its future bright ennugh to i) 
the grand chief of the optimist class. 

Born in Wein Stube. 

It was in 1851, when New York City had a population of 520,000, that 
a number of ( lerman-Americans who were in the habit of freciuenting- a 
wein stube in the l)a.sement of a building- on the Bowery near Stanton street, 
decided that the city was becoming- too crowded for themselves and their 
lamilies to li\e in comfort, ddiose good old German-Americans, nifist of them 
eni])loyed 1)\ the Hoe Company at (irand street and East P)roadwa.\-, New 
York, decided that they would seek more congenial surroundings. It was 
on Sunday afternoon in the early springtime that a few of the employees, 
among- them John Pleikhardt, \i>n£:; a respected resident of Union Hill, hired 
a boat and crossed the Hudson. 

The visitors clambered as best they could to the top of the bluff' and 
then before them stretched to tb.e far w'est a l)eautiful plateau of farms and 
W( M xlland. 

llere was the ideal home land I'or themselves and their families. Here 
should they, if i)ossible. build their homes and raise their families far fi-oni 
ihe maddning crowd ol" that half million that crushed and crowded the city. 

A btiilding and loan association was organized among the lloe em • 
l)loyees in that Bowery wein stube, and tints Union Mill was born. The 
'last member of that association to pass away was Mr. Tliekhardt. 

On March 29, 1864, Union Mill became a town and for many years all its 
official business was transacted and the records were held in the (German 
language. It was only in the early '70's when the tirst horse cars began to 
run between the town and the ferries to New York. At that time all resi- 
dents of West New York and Guttenberg had an hour's travel afoot to get 
home after leaving the car. 


North Bersen 


The parcel of all the iiiunicipaliliL'S in Xorlh Hudson became itself a 
township on Febriiar\ lo. 1843. having" been set off at that time from the 
township of lU'rgen, and was named tlie Townslii]) of Xorth Bergen. In its 
early days the township included all of Xorth Hudson and a great part of 
what today is Jersey ("itw From time to time section after section seceded 
and formed inde])endent towns until now the once far-spreading tow'nship is 
limited mainly lo a long stretch of land west of the Boulex'ard and extending 
from the |erse\ C'it\ boundary line to Bergen County. 

Xew Durham, one of the most populous sections of the township was 
up to 1803 known a.s the Alaisland. and here was located "'The Three 
Pigeons." a ta\ern known before the Rex'oluticMi to many wa}"farers and 
was a popular jdace of call among those who loved a spin behind fast trotters 
along the cotmtry roads. Another interesting place in the township was the 
mice famotis Frenchman's (iardens, located where Alacphelah cemeter_\- is 
toda}-. Andre Michaux. who was a noted botanist, came to this country 
from his nati\"e France, bearing with him a letter of introdtiction from the 
.Marquis de La Fayette to George W ashington. Michaux sought the ])ri\i 
lege of securing land where he might plant and experiment with flowers and 
n"ees. As an alien he was granted the right to ha^"e a tract of land not to 
exceed 200 acres. The western slope of the hill at New Durham attracted 
his attention and there he settled. It was from this s|:)Ot that the L(^mbard 
poplar trees spread all over this countrw 

Today the townshi]) is one of the most prosperous in Xorth Hudson; 
the meadow lands along the Hackensack \alley have been largely filled in 
and manufacturing plants of many kinds are located there. It has time and 
again been suggested that the Hackensack river should be dredged to a 
suflicient depth to permit of its being made navigable for vessels in the coast 
and trans-Atlantic trade. Should this be accomplished. North Bergen would 
become a great commercial and manufacturing centre. 

West Hoboken. 

It has long been the proud boast of the residents of this municipality 
that it is the biggest town in the United States. It became a township set 
off from North Bergen in 1861. and for many years it languished along as a 
little village with no great promise of a vigorous and rapid growth. The 
A illage w^as located in the vicinity of the Paterson Plankroad,' and the few 
residents wdio settled in the northern end of the town had a long and drearv 
walk through farm and woodlands to go to the village. 

The United States government used the commons in the centre of the 
town as a camping ground m the early years of the Civil AVar, and manv 
volunteers were there given their first taste of military life. The woodlands 
in the northern end of the town for many years thereafter furnished good 
sport for rabbit hunters wdio shouldered their guns and went after the 
wherewithal to provide themselves and their friends with hasenpfeffer. There 
are many residents alive today wdio went hunting in these woods as recentlv 
as the earlier 70's. Many of the old homesteads stood in the midst of ex- 
tensive grounds up until the 8o's were well advanced. Open water courses 
were common features of the landscape. 

Late m the 8o"s there came a building boom, woods w'ere cut down : 
farms Avere swept away and homesteads gave way before the onward march 
of the awakened town. The commons were no more; streets were laid out 
and the village began to spread itself out northward. In 1868 an effort was 
made to have the town consolidate with and become a part of fersev Citv. 


This pre ipi isitii 111 was ^uhiiutU'd In llu' xotcrs iil W c>l I h ilx ikcn, and llic\' 
defeated the plan. In 1SS4 llu- ti>\\iisliip Inrni of i^ONcrnment canu' t(i an 
end and West llol^oken l)ecamc incorporated as a tt)wn. In the earl\- da\s 
as a townslii]) the ^overninq- Ixxly consisting of three members met at tlieir 
homes and hitei" in a hotel on I'alisade avenue. The lirst town hall was a 
small frame slinK'tui'e scarcely large enough lo seat conifortahK- a dozen 
pers( ins. 

Today the town is up to date in e\ ery respect. It has lirst class schools, 
elficient police and lire de])art ments. 'ihe streets are all ])aved and the sewer 
SNstem is one that will he ahle to meet the needs of the town for man\- 
\ears to come. 

West New York. 

Ha])|)y is the town whose history is short, is a saying that \ery aptly 
a]iplies to this town. ()nl\- within the past few _\ears has West W'w N'ork 
bestirred itself and began to make its own history. In these modern daws the 
!)uilder and I'eal estate men are hustling, and as a result of their activities 
the town is now ra])idl\ taking its ]ilace as one ol the mi»st tiji-tf i-date nui- 
nici])alities in Xorth Hudson. 

There was a time wdien instead of the hum of the loom and the stead\ 
I'attle iif machiner}- in all kinds of factories, there was only to be heard the 
1a]) of tlie blockmaker's hammer. W ithin the jiast ten \ears the fields were 
laid out in blocks, streets were made and paved, ami then came the l)uilder. 
The town fathers went slow and noted the mistakes of their neighboring 
towns. In this wav thev avoided the undesiral)le things and took ad\antage 
of the good things made and done. 

West New York has grown more rajudly in the past five years than an\' 
other town in the northern eiul of the county. P>uildings are going U]) as it 
b\- magic, and the growth of jKipulatiou i> keeping pace with the provision 
made for them. As a manufacttu'ing centre it is fast coming to the In int. 

The foregoing is necessarih a brief outline ot the beginnings ot the 
several towns in North Iludstin. As ma\- be noted, the entire northern end 
of the countv began as one town and now a new ]>age of history is al)out to 
be written. For some time there has been a mo^•ement on foot to bring 
North lludson back to the i)oint where it began, and make the northern end 
of the county (jue city. This movement began about half a century after the 
process of breaking up into small towns took form. With consolidation will 
come the o])ening cha])ter of the real histor^• of this section of the ccuuity. 



yjf^jiii » y /yTVTvyt/-r Jt j:e 


^r TTF. importance of the proper administration of justice has been recognized 
||L from the earHest times. When our forefathers adopted our constitu- 
^^ tion. they made the judicial department one of the three great branches 
of our government. The same is true of the organization of our own state. 
There is no doubt but that some of the early decisions of the Supreme Court 
of the United States did much to inspire public confidence and to insure the 
i)er])etuit}' of our nation. The names of the great jurists who contributed to 
these decisions are foimd high upon our country's roll of honor. Xotwitli- 
standing some criticisms that have been made from time to time, the courts 
are looked upon as the great bulwark of protection to the mass of our citizens. 
Here the oppressed can come for relief; here those who have wrongs to right 
can come for redress; here all alike can look for protection against robbery 
and ars(tn and for protection against those who would violate the sanctity of 
their homes or do injurv to their propertv or person. 

A sacred dut_\' rests u])oii those who have in their keeping the adminis- 
tration of justice, whether ihey sit as judges upon the bench c^r appear as 
counsel to explain the law and assist these judges in the due administration 
of justice. It should be considered an honor to appear in either of these 
capacities; and those whf) do so should have due appreciation of their re- 
sponsibility and act with the determination that through no act of theirs 
shall the just opinion of our courts be lowered or justice be betrayed. 

The members of the bar of this county have been leaders, too. in other 
walks of life. They have adorned literature with the products of their pen. 
They have been in the vanguard of those whose voices have been raised on 
the public platform in condemnation of wrong and in pioneering these great 
reforms that have contributed from time to time to our advancement and 
betterment. In times of peace they have served our state and nation from 
the more humble capacities to the greatest oflice that our people can give. 



3l0ltu i. p^rBOu. 

^d ()\\\ D. PIERSON, lawyer, at 95 
^| River Street, ITo])()ken, was bom 
^-^ near Johnsonlnirg-, Warren County, 
X. ].. January 30. 1871. His parents were 
jtihii W . a.nd lumice E. Pierson. He was 
educated in the pul)lic scliools of Warren 
Cdunt}- and ])re])ared for college at Blair 
Academy, graduating- at the head of 
his class as valedictorian. He entered 
Lafayette College, graduating with honor, 
again being valedictorian. While at college 
he secured several prizes in scholarship and 
oratory and was elected a member of the 
honorary IMii IJeta I\ap])a. 

Leaving cc^llege he taught for three 
years, one in the historic Cumberland 
X'allev, Penns^dva.nia, and two in the 

Washington, X. 

High School. He 

then took up the study of law with Judge 
(leorge M. Shipman at Belvidere. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1900 and sub- 
sequentlv graduated from the New^ York Law School. He has practiced in 
Hoboken e\er since. 

He has ahvays been active as a Republican and has stuiuped in various 
campaigns. He was prominent in the first fight for commission government 
in Hoboken and helped in preparing the pro])osed new charter for that city. 
He was one of the first to agitate a pubhc playground for Hoboken and 
through his talks before societies and clubs helped ar(nise the sentiment re- 
sponsible for the purchase of St. George cricket grounds as a county park. 

Mr. Pierson is a past master of Masons, a past noble grand of Odd Fellows, 
a member of the Encampment and Rebekah Lodge of Odd Fellows, elder of 
the First l^resbyterian Church and superintendent of the nethesda Sunday 


3lnl|u AUun1 Hair 

for tifteen years judge 
of the Court of Com- 
mon rieas, (General Quarter 
Sessions, and ( )ri)hans' Court 
of the Count}' of 1 ludson, was 
born near lUairstown, X. J., 
jnly 8, 1842, his ] arents i:e- 
ing jolin II. Hair and Mary 
(Angle) lUair, of Knowlton 
I'ownshi]), iW'arrt'it County. 
X. j. His ancestors sprang- 
from the noted Blair family 
of IJlair-Athol. Perthshire. 
Scotland, whence they came 
to this country in 1720. 
settling in Pennsylvania and 
N^ew Jersey. 

Among tlie;u were broth- 
ers, Samiel and John lUair, 
both of whom were edu- 
cated at the Log College of 
the Xeshaminy under the 
celebrated William Tennant. 
They became distinguished 
ministers of the Presbyterian 

Re\'. Samuel Blair, the 
second, declined the presi- 
dency of the College of New jersey (Princeton) which was offered him. The 
Rev.'john Blair was ordained" pastor of Big Spring, Middle Spring and Rocky 
Spring in the Cumberland V'alley in 1742. In 1767 he became professor of 
divinity and nmral philosophy at Princeton and was acting president of the 
college until the accession of Dr. W'itherspoon in 1769. He died in 1771. 

W bile this branch of the famil\- was devoting its work to the ministry and 

the dissemination of knowledge, another was molding the connnerce which has 

since become one of the mainstays of the State of New Jersey. In the latter 

])art of the eighteenth century another Samuel l!lair was sent by a Philadel])hia 

firm to take charge of the iron industry at Oxford Furnace in Warren County. 

N. L This Samuel lUair was the great-great-grandfather of Judge John A. Blair. 

judge Blair's rudimentary education was obtained in the public schools of 

his native place and he prepared for college at the Blairstown Presbyterian 

Academy. He entered the College of New Jersey at Princeton and graduated 

in 1866. At the close of his college term he began the study of law with Hon. 

J. Cr. Shi])man at Ijelvidere. X. j. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney 

in June. iSrxj, and as counsellor in June. 1872. In 1870 he came to lersey 

City, where he has ever since resided, and took up the practice of his profession. 

( )n the ])assage of the law creating district courts in lersev Citv 

Bennington F. Randolph and John A. Blair were appointed the first judges 

thereof. In May. 1885. Mr. Blair became corporation counsel of Jersey C"it\-. 

lie resigned in 1889. He was reappointed in 1894 and served until 1898, 

\vhen he resigned to accept the appointment to the Common Pleas Court. 

judge Blair, until his accession to the bench, was an active Republican. 
I le attends the I^resbyterian Church, is a member of the Union League Club, 
tlie University Club and the Princeton Clul). all of Hudson County. He is a 
(brector of the Hudson (duntv Xational liank. 


ISnbrrt QIareu 



( )i;i:k r CAkl^N'. judge of the Court 
of ('(iiumon Pleas, 1908-19 13, was 
liorn in jersey City, Septenilicr t6, 
V-- iJi-s parents were Thomas and l^hza- 
l)etli Carey. Since entering puhhc hfe he 
lias advanced in the esteem and councils 
ot the men looking for municipal and state 
hctterment and ])urity in politics. Edu- 
cated in the ])uhlic schools of Jersey City, 
Ik was graduated from the Xew York Law 
School in 1893, admitted to the bar in Xew 
jersex in 1893, ^o the bar in Xew York in 
i<)(j(S. and \o practice in all the United, 
States courts. 

His political activities have been Re- 
publican. Ide was corporation atlorney of 
Jersey Cit\-. i(;o3-i9o8; member of the 
State Hoard of Taxation, 1908; judge of 
tlie Hudson Court of Common Pleas as be- 
fore stated ; defeated as a candidate at the 
Republican gubernatorial primary in 1913. 
;ind was defeated for Congress in 191-' in a strong democratic district bv only 
three hundred votes. 

In sociological aiul charitable work he is prominent, being a trustee of 
Christ Hospital, the (German Hospital .\ssociation. Home of the Homeless, the 
Societ\- for the IVevention of Cruelt\- to Children, and the Jersey City Fresh 
Air fund. Socially he is affiliated \\ith the Jersey City Club, the Carteret Cltib, 
etc.. and fraternally he is a Mason and an Arcanian. 

As an orator his services are much in demand. He has stumped the State 
in the Republican campaigns of the past twent\- \ears and has lectured in X'ew 
jersey, Xew York. Pennsylvania and the Eastern states on ■".Municii^ial (Govern- 
ment" and "The Criminal Courts." 


tUtam % Bpett 

'*'<T '-^^ '"*■'" "" ^'^'^" '"-■'^'■"'i li'Lve l)cen more in ])ul)lic life tlian Judge William 

^r 11. Speer of the C'ircuil Court in lludson County. His legal training 

'^ has been such that he is particularly fitted to occupy a position of this 

kind, he ha\ing much experience in practice, both as a private lawyer and 

as Prosecutor of the Pleas. 

judge Speer was born in Jersey City, ( )ctober 21, 1868. He was .educated 
in liasbrduck Institute in Jersey City and at Columbia University in New 
York Cit\. Me studied law at Columbia University Law School and the 
office of John Linn in Jersey City. At the Nov.emlier term, 1891, he was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey and was made a counselor-at-law in 
June. 1895. 

After being admitted to the bar. Judge Speer became a member of the 
law tirm of Linn (K: S])eer, his partner being Clarence Linn, a son of John 
Linn, with whom the judge had previously studied. This partnership was 
continued for a number of years. The firm was well known and reptitable 
and it enjoyed a lucrative practice. 

.\mong his fellow members of the Hudson County bar Judge Speer has 
alwavs been ])opular. He was twice elected vice-president of the Hudson 
Count \- P)ar Associatitm. He was president of the association in 1903 and 
his administration of the office was such that it is still favorabl}' commented 
upon among the members. 

On February 8, 1903, Mr. Speer was first appointed Prosecutor of the 
Pleas by Governor Franklin Murphy. He was confirmed as such bv the 
.State Senate, dul}' qualified for the office and held the position with honor 
to himself and profit for the people until 1907, when he was appointed by 
(lovernor Edward C. Stokes to the Circuit Court bench to succeed judge 
(diaries W. Parker, who had l)een promoted to the Supreme Court. This 
appointment was made to fill an unexpired term, but in 1908. Governor 
Fort appointed him for a full term and he still occupies the honorable position 
in the judiciary of Hudson County. 

Judge Speer, to the time of his appointment to the bench, was very 
active in politics. He was and is an ardent Republican. Before his appoint- 
ment he was much sought as a speaker during the stirring campaigns of 
tormer days. Since his aj^pointment he has naturally not been so prominent 
in politics, he believing that politics and the bench should be separated as 
much as possible. This does not mean that he does not take a keen interest 
in the vvelfare of his party, but that he does not allow that interest to preju- 
dice his judicial ])()sition. 

At the time of his appointment as judge he was the senior member of 
the firm of Speer & Kellogg, his partner being Frederick S. Kellogg, also 
well known to the bench and bar as an upright lawyer. Judge Speer's "circuit 
includes Hudson County. His term will expire in 191 5. 

Although occupying a judicial position, the judge ds fond of golfing, 
automobiling and other open air pastimes. He is said to be an expert golfer 
and is often seen on the links when the pressure of business in his cour*t will 
permit him that pleasure. He and former Judge Carv are often opponents 
at golfing and it is said to be nip and tuck between them. 


l^mrt p. (iiantan 

AMONG the lawyers of Hudson County foremost in their profession is 
Pierre P. (Iar\an. of I)a\-onne, with ot^ces at 5H6 Newark avenue, 
lerse}' City. Mr. (lar\an is a comparatixcly young- man. ha\ino- 
scarceh' reached middle age, but ln' has l)een \ery sueeessful in tlie ])ractice 
of his profession and is counted among the soHd men of the legal fraternitw 
I'ierre P. Cai\an is a native of Hudson County. He has lived here a.ll 
Ids life. He was jjoru in Ba_\-onne, Jmie 9, 1872. his ])an,'nts being" James and 
h'.nnna (iarvan. among the highlx' respected residents of the South Hudson 
cit\. He acciuircd his earl\- education in the schools ol his na.ti\e cilw heing 

a graduate of the JJa\-onnt' High school. 


l'^"om the lirst his education in law has hecn auspicious. He studied 
in the offices of the Central Railroad of Xcw Jersey and took his degree at 
the New ^'ork Law School. ( )n A])ril, iX»jS, he \va.s admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as an attorney, and in I-'ebi-uary, 1901. as a eounselor-at-law. 

Mr. Garvan is well studied on corporation law and that is his favorite 
]M-a.ctice. He is attorney for the Standard Oil Com])an\- of New fersev. for 
ihe \'acuum ( )il Company, the (irasselli Chemical Compan\ and se\eral other 
of the largest corporations of the United States. 

In his home city he is regarded as a substantial, solid citizen. He is 
]>resident of the City Hank of Bayonne and is a director in a large nund)er of 
corporations of which he is a stockholder, ddiese corporations are so num- 
erous that he thinks it worth while n(~)t to detail them. None, however, are 
of the nationally important t}'pe. 

Pcditically Mr. (iarvan is a Republican. He has been signalh- honored 
by his party in being twice elected mayor of his honre city, in 1905 and 1907, 
after haxing been defeated when he first ran for the office in 1903. It speaks 
\vell for his popularit}' wlien it is known that he received an increased vote 
and maj\)rity at each of the elections. In 1908 he was appointed Prosecutor 
of the Pleas l)y Governor Fort, an office he held with honor until his term 
expired in February. 1914. W bile prosecutor he w^as called upon to inves- 
tigate the beef trust, cold storage trust and count}' affairs. 

He is a member of the Newark Bay Club and numerous other clubs and 
organizations. ]Jolitical and social. Fraternally he is a Mason, in which fra- 
ternity he has gone the route and is a member of Salaam Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Newark. His home is modestlv 
n])pointed residence at 65 West Fourth street, Bayonne. He owns consideral)le 
])roperty in Bayonne and elsewhere and is considered as well-to-do. 

Mr. (iar\an goes in a good deal for athletic sports. He is fond of base- 
ball, football and anything of an athletic nature, barring golf. He can't see 
the fun of a big man walking across field and hill and dale on a hot dav, 
l)egging away wdth a big-headed stick against a ball which at times seems 
smaller than a pea. 

With all his legal, financial and sporting activities, Mr. Garvan finds time 
to be a congenial companion, a home loving and lovable man, a citizen active 
in aft'airs for the l)etterment of his home citv and count v, and an altog-ether 
iisclul citizen. Much of the progress of Bayonne is due to his activities along 
the lines of development and ])rogress. He moves in good social circles 
and is admired and liked by no end of accpiaintances. He always has a heartv 
hand shake for a friend and was never known to repudiate an agreement of 
anv kind. 


3lnli« 31. iHantpU 

;3» Mi)Xc. the more i)r(imiiienl. al)lc and busy lawyers of Hudson County 
7\ is lolin I. Marnell. wli.. for nearly twenty years passed has suceess- 
"^^ \\\\\\ practic-ed la.\v. with a constantly growing clientele, in the Second 
National liank building in Hoboken. He is acknowledged by bench and bar 
as an able practitioner and his advice is often sought by influential clients, 
'["o a large extent his is what is known as an "otfice business." 

,M I. '^Marnell was admitted to the New Jersey bar in June, 1895. He 
immediately established his office in its present location and has continued 
there throughout his entire legal career to the present time. The character- 
istics Ml" the man and his work may best be shown in his reply regarding 
(lueries concerning his career. "Just say 1 am a busy lawyer." he says, "and 

let that suffice." 

b'riends and clients, however, are inclined to say more of him. He is 
well read and studious. He keeps in touch with the technicalities of and 
decisions in cases which affect a general legal practice. He takes pride in 
his i)rotession and regards it as something higher than a mere means of 
making a living. While standing well in his profession, he is not austere. He 
is a good friend and congenial companion to those he likes. To possess his 
friendshi]) is regarded by many as being akin to honor. He has served in the 
Assembly at 'J'renton. 

Mr. \larnell does not court pandering publicity. Neither does he want 
the praise which expresses itself in platitudes. He would rather be called 
''a good lawver than a good fellow." In an unostentatious and dignified 
way he impresses one as being a man wdio believes his profession should not 
be dishonored by questionable methods, even when these methods might lead 
to more material success. 

3lol|n iitltott 

-^z ( )HN AHLTON. now corporation counsel of Jersey City, is one of the 
A\ best known of the legal lights in Hudson County. He personally is 
^-^ modest regarding himself and his attainments and it was with difficulty 
that the data necessary for this article was obtained. Mr. Milton was born 
in Jersey Citv. January 21, 1881, his parents being Charles J. and Catherine 
Milton. He has lived' in Jersey City all his life. He received his earlier 
education in Jersey City, attained his knowledge of the law there and was 
admtted to the New Jersey bar and immediately settled dowai to the practice 
of his profession th.ere. 

From early manhood Mr. Milton always took an active interest in 
municipal questions, especially those concerning his own particular neigh- 
borhood. He fought hard to have the smoke nuisance of the railroads 
running through the "Horseshoe" section of Jersey City eliminated and suc- 
ceeded in having this done to an appreciable extent. Mr. Milton has the 
I'ulldog tenacity to keep eternally at a thing when he knows he is right, and 
it is this characteristic, coupled with the name he has made for himself, and 
the general esteem in which he is held that found him his position as corpora- 
tion counsel, his being truly a case of the office seeking the man. rather than 
the man seeking the office. 

Mr. Milton's practice has always been of the highest order and he is 
regarded as an authority on civil and municipal law, as well as tm state and 
federal legal matters. He is still a young man and has a splendid career before 
him, for he is able as a practitioner, is conscientious in his work and is a 
blave to no habit. 


31. lEmtl Walsdtpiii 

Zg^OUNSFJJ.OR j. I'.mil Walsclieid was l)(>ni I)cceml)er 23, 1872, in ihe 
M house at 309 Fulton street. Union llill, now occupied by his Ijrother, 
^*^ l)r. Arthur W'alscheid. Ilis i)arent> were Cierman citizens, l)ut his 
father had l)econie a na.turaHzed American citizen in 1S44. The counsellor 
has made the town of his birth the scene of his life work and he has achie\ed 
a success and popularity because of his sterling- citizenship and services to 
his friends and neis^hbors. He enjoys a larj^e practice and is concededly one 
of the lea.din^- lit^hls of the lludsoii County bar. His offices are located in 
the llai-\ar<l budding- at 25 lierg'eidinc a\enue. lie li\es in llighwood I'ark. 

Counsellor W'alscheid received his i)reliminary education a', the Moboker. 
AcadeniN'. Upon his graduation froni that institution he expressed a desire 
to stud\- for the law. Mis father, who was bent ui)on his son learning a trade, 
\\<inld not hear to this ex])ression and so young Walsclieid determined to 
learn the silk business, entering" the emplo\- of the IMioenix Manufacturing 
("ompany as an a])prentice. At that time the com])an\- was one of the larg-est 
and most successful manufacturers of silk in the countr}-, with ])lants at 
Taterson, Allentown. Ilethlehem and other eastern towns. He took u]) the 
studv of this trade in the Allentown plant in iS.Stj. He spent two \ears in 
the luills, beg-inning in the s])inning^ department and going throug^h the various 
stages of silk production until he reached the designing room. W'hatex'er he 
(lid he did well and he became a silk designer of no mean abilitv. 

But all this time his and)ition to become a lawyer remained. He im- 
portuned his father to allow him to begin the studv of his chosen ])rofession. 
Finding his son in earnest in the matter, the elder W'alscheid relented and 
consented to his becoming a law student. The }-ounger W'alscheid entered 
the New York University Faw^ School, from which he graduated in 1896 in 
the academic class. To complete his law course at the same time he doubled 
his studies and took l)oth the academic and law courses at once. He took 
the lectures in the academic course in the morning, in the law course in the 
afternoon, and devoted the evening of each day to study. 

Tn the same year he was admitted to the New Jersey bar, having pre- 
\iousl}- secured his legal apprenticeship in the offices of Page & Taft, counsel 
to the New York, New Haven and Hartford railroad, and with the firm of 
Randolph, Condit & Black of Jersey City. He then oi)ened an office for the 
])ractice of his profession in Union Hill, where he enjoys a large and lucrative 
clientele, which is constantly increasing. 

In politics Walscheid is a democrat. He served in the State Assembly 
with honor in 1899 and 1900. At the time he was president of the Third Ward 
Democratic club of Union Hill and a member of the executive committee of 
the Democratic central organization. He did not again seek office until 1912, 
when he was a candidate for Congressman, but was beaten after a hard-foughr 
three-cornered battle for the nomination. 


aULIUS LICHTENSTKIN, of the firm of W cllor & Lichtenstein, lawyers, 
,,f nobokeii. lias (luring- the vears of his association with Mr. Weller 
■111(1 of hi^ own career in the let;al pn^fession. gained a large acquanitance 
•nul a' splendid clientele anioiig the leading" men of his city, the county and 
the state There is no mem])er of the bar in Hudson county more generally 
respected hv the l)ench and his fellow members of the legal fraternity than 
Mr 1 ichteii^tein. Me is recognized as having a mind especially trained for 
leo-al matter-, ha^ a retenlixe memorv. and is one of those legal lights, whose 
aenimen and handy reference kn.uvledge of the law has brought him to the 

front. . . , 

Mr Lichtenstein is a familiar figure m the courts ot the city and county, 
for he has a large clientele which brings him almost constantly in one court 
or another when thev are in session. 

His practice covers all branches of the law. civil and criminal. He is 
cfiicient in all. readv to quote decisions in complicated cases, and wins a 
splendidly large perentage of his cases. His clients have learned to_ rely 
upon him. Thev know that if a case has any merits, no point of it will be 
missed Ijv Mr. Lichtenstein. He is (|uick at retort, convincing in his argu- 
ments before a jurv, although quiet in his oratory, if such it may be called, 
a skilled cross examiner and quickly gets at the truth of matters if he sus- 
pects a witness is not telling the truth. It is these qualities which have made 
Mr. Lichtenstein's re])Utation as a reliable attorney and counsellor, and built 
up a great deal of the remunerative practice enjoyed by the firm with which 
he is associated. 

Sldltn % ^Ijrrt&au 

^i OHN H. SHERIDAN is a Hoboken lawyer who has been since his ad- 
4\ mission to the bar a credit to the city and to the profession he repre- 
^ sents. Mr. Sheridan has a select list of clients, which is constantly 
growing, because in him those who are careful in legal matters recognize a 
man who will look after their interests as closely as he would after his own. 

Mr. Sheridan cannot be said to be a progressive lawyer. On the other 
hand, he is a lawyer of the old school, a lawyer who lives and breathes and 
feels deeply the trusts which are imposed in him by his clients. There is 
nothing of the spectacular about him. none of the flambuoyancy which marks 
so manv of the profession today. 

Mr. Sheridan obtained his degree and passed his examinations after long, 
arduous and conscientious study. This characteristic marks the handling of 
the affairs of his clients. He studies the affairs of his clients and knows 
them to such a nicety that he really puts himself in the place of his clients 
when looking after their interests. 

He has not a long string of legal triumphs to add to his fame — nor does 
he want it. Neither does he need it. He is of the type of man who inspires 
confidence, and it is but a just tribute to him to say that such confidence is 
not misplaced. His makeup is such that he could not willingly under any 
circumstances neglect the business aflfairs entrusted to him. 

Mr. Sheridan is not a man who is looking for plaudits or for preferment. 
He wotild rather have it said of him that he looked well after the interests of 
those with whom he has dealings as a legal adviser than that he was a 
brilliant advocate. He has no patience with the man who is made up of 
superficiality. He is by no means a crank, but he is an able exponent of the 
law and as such is highly respected by the bench, the bar and the public 
generally with whom he comes in contact. 


Natl)au ^. Pmtii^rga^l 

3k M( )X(1 llic a.I)le \(iuiit;cr lawyers (if lludsnn C'dUiity is Xatlian 11. Vvu- 
l\ (Icrgast, who has oltices in the Si)in,^"ani lUiihhn^', 665 Newark .\\einie, 
Fi\e ("orners, Jersey C'it\-. 

lie was Ixini in jerse\' City in the year 187^ and received hi> early edn- 
cation in the public scIumiIs and llii^di Schinil ot that city. He also attended 
Centenary Collegiate Institute, at Hackettstown, New Jersey, and after leav- 
ing there, studied medicine at Kellevue Hospital Medical College. New York, 
hut g'axe this up for the law, feeling that in this he had his chosen jjrofession. 
He was admittecl to the Bar of New Jersey as an At lorney-al- Law in the 
sear 1902 and as a Counselor-at-Law in the year 1910; he is also a Master 
in Chancers- of Xew Jersey and Special Master in Chancers' of Nesy Jersey, 
and also coiui-^el to the Hudson County Pxiard iif Health and \ ilal Statistics. 
Since his adniissiim he has ])racticed lass- in Jersey Cits', and has made ra])id 
f-trides in his jirofession and to(las' enjoss a large clientele. 

.\lth(iugh his ])ractice is general and matters of es'crs' nature are handled 
by him. there is ])rol)abl}' no lasyyer in the county wdio is mtjre conscientious 
about the merits of the case he undertakes than is Mr. Penderg^ast. He has 
a slig-ht i)reference for the criminal lass' jiractice. He is syell read and dignified 
in his profession, is self-confident and reliant and is i)Ossessed of a nature 
which drasys men to him ; and his clients has'e learned to has'e confidence in 
him. and he has earned for himself a reputation of being truly an adyiser. 
lie belieyes that his ossn interests syill not suiter by giving the best that is 
in him to the interests of his clients. He has w^on his legal spurs purely 
l)ecause of his legal ability; he ha.s, asked no favors of anyone and has ad- 
yanced himself by his osvn personal efi^orts. 

These (pialities are fast ])ushing Mr. Pendergast to the front in his ])r<j- 
fession, and he is already a favorite with the bench and bar. 

Fraternally. Mr. Pendergast is svell known. He is a member of several 
lodges and clubs, including the Masonic order, being a member of Eagle 
Lodge of Masons, one of the most conservative lodges of the Masonic order 
in the entire county. 

During his many sears of court house association, before and after his 
admission to the bar, he has made many acquaintances and numbers amongst friends some of the foremost and influential men of the city and county, 
and is equally ss'ell knosvn in other parts of the State. 


^amit^l AuBttn IrBsnn 

boken. respected as a lawyer in crim- 
inal, civil state and federal courts. 
and whose conduct of cases has blazed the 
\va\ for the construction of law in many 
im])()rtant matters, was born on April 6, 
1853. at Everittstown. Hunterdon County. 
\. I. His parents were William Besson 
and -Margaret A. Besson. He is a lineal 
descendent of I-'rancis Besson, a Erench 
Hugenot, who settled in this country prior 
to T730. His great grandfather, John 
Besson. was an ensign in Washington's 
army. He was educated in the public 
--chdiils at E\erittsti )wn, at the Carvers- 
\ille Xormal School in Bucks County, Pa... 
and Eafayette College, Easton, Pa., from 
which he was graduated in 1876 with the 
degree of A. B. 

He was principal of the Franklin High 

School. Eranklin. P; 


one vear. 


afterward ])rincipal of the Phillipsburg High Schtxil in X^ew Jersey. In 1875 
he began the stud\ of law and was admitted U) the Xew Jersey Bar in June, 
1879, ^s an attornc} . and in June, 1S82, as a counselor. He has been corpora- 
tion counsel for his city under a Re[;ublican administration, among the most im- 
portant cases 1)eing those regarding water front titles, in whom manv dis- 
tinguished corporation law\ers appeared. He is one of the managers of the 
Hoboken Bank for Savings, one of the originator.s and first trustees of the 
Columbia Club, a member of Euclid Lodge of Masons and a past grand of 
Columbia Lodge of ( )dd Eellows. He was in 1889 president of the Hudson 
County Bar Association and 
Church, and a United States Commissioner. 

His home is modest, his tastes are for literature and law and he is broad- 
mindecl. He is greatly liked by a large circle of lo}al friends. 

is a ruling elder of the First Presbvterian 


Strl)ar6 %^ttwx\B 


( ) \\'( )I\I\ of this kind winild be com- 
plete without a mention of the 
Stevens family. Richard Stevens is 
chief prohaticjn otirtcer of tlie comity, ap- 
pointed hy judge l'>lair in i<;o4, i)roniinent 
in all |)rogressive movements, a philan- 
lhn)i)ist. and worthy scion of I lohoken's 
oldest and most select societ_\'. 

Richard Stevens is the son of Kdwin A. Martha I'.. Stevens. He was jjorn .May 
2], iS'iS, in Paris. France. Like his for- 
])ears iu makes his Hoboken nome at 
Castle Point. Me has a summer home at 
I'.ernardsville. X. j. 

.Mr. Stevens was educated in the Stevens 
Preparatory School, .St. Paul's .School, a 
boarding school at Concord. N. H. ; Colum- 
bia College School of .Arts, class of 1890. 
.\e\v \'ork Law School, from which he 
was graduated in i8()3. in which \ear he 
])ass(.'d his examination as attornev and 
was admitted to the .\ew jersey I'ar. 
He is first vice-j^resiilent of the Moboken Land and Improvement Com- 
pany, director of the Inrst National Bank of Hoboken, and a member of the 
( ierman Club and Columbia Club of Hoboken. and the Cnion Club. Raccpiet 
and Tennis Club. New York .\thletic Club and Cni versify Clul) of New York. 
He is fond of out door sports, at which he excels. In temiis he held the 
championship of Xew Jersey for three years and the middle Atlantic champion- 
ship for two years. He played on the Somerset polo team for four vears. He 
was champion wrestler (^f the New York .Athletic Club for one year and heUl 
second place for one year. He rode in the cross country hunts of the Essex 
h'ox Hounds. Swimming and boating are among his athletic attainments. 


^imrnr 31. iMrlEutan 


F.ORC.K J. AlcEWAN, a leading and 
])ul)lic s])irited man of W est Hobo- 
Iscii. has an envialile record of suc- 
cess. Ik' was born in Kockland County, 
X. ^'.. lanuary if), i8:)2. his ])arents being 
Tb.onias McEwan and Hannah Ledgett 

Af'.er attencHng country school at Alan- 
ch.ester (now Eakehurst), X. J., one year, 
the family moved to Jersey Cit}\ where he 
went successively to School X'^o. lo on 
Paterson Street, School X'^o. 7 on Central 
Avenue and the Jersey City High School, 
from which he graduated in 1897. 

He entered a hardware store in Xew 
^'ork. where he remained until 1884. He 
had an ambition to become a lawyer and 
er.tered the law school of X"ew York Uni- 
versity in tlie I'^all of 1884. after studying 
with his brother. Hon. Thomas AIcEwan, 
and I'hilo Chase, Esq. Jn May. 1885, he 
was graduated with the degree of LL. B. 
He was adinitted to the Xew ^'ork bar in January, 1886, and practiced in 
Xew \'()rk until admitted to the Xew Jersey bar in June, 1887. He practiced 
in Jersey City from June, 1887. to Januarw 11)07. ^vhen he removed to his 
l)resent ofifices in the Highland Trust buikling. West Hoboken. He became 
a counselor at law in X^ew Jersey in June. 1800. 

He is vice-])residenL. director and counsel for the Tdighland Trust Co., 
and president and counsel for the Courtland building and Eoan Association, 
recently organized. He is an active member of the Town Improvement Asso- 
ciation of West Hoboken and was town attorney in 191 1. 1913 and 1914- He 
is trustee and chairman of the executive committee of the Citizens' Eederation 
of Hudson County. He was councilman from the Second \A'ar(l of West Ho- 
boken in 1894 and 1895. His house is at 421 High Street, that town. 

He is a member of the Columbia Club of Hoboken ; Euclid Lodge. F. and 
A. M., Hoboken; the Scottish Rite Ijodies of Xew York; Pilgrim Commandery, 
K. T., Hoboken; Salaam Temple. A. A. ( ). X\ Al. S.. X^ewark ; Zemzeni 
Cirotto. M. (). \'. P. E. R., Jersev City; West Hoboken Council, Royal Arcanum; 
Cnique Lodge. A. (). U. \\'., Jersey City, and the X^ational ^Municipal League. 
He is an elder of the h'irst Presb\terian Church of West Hoboken and' was 
a commissioner at the Ceneral AssemM\- of the Presb\terian Church of Xorth 
America, held at Atlantic Cit}', Alay, 1912. 


3lnhu MJtlltam Sufits Srssim 

S( )lii\' William Kiil'us lU'sson, ])rcsi(liii,q- jiulq-e in llic lloljoken Districl 
Court, was horn in llohoken januai'} (k 1S71. His parents were Inhn 
Case Besson and llasseUine j. Besson (nee Nice), lie has li\e<l in 
lloboken all his life, and is a brilliant exception to the rule l)ased upon the 
familiar (|uota.tion that "a prophet is not without honor save in 
his own country." 

h'liim his youlh Jud^e licsson was studious. .\s a result, his rise in ihe 
It'i^al and judicial world has been marked and well deserxed. lie attended 
Miss Mall's Trimary .Sehool, the lloboken .Vcadeni}', Ste\ens llig-h School 
and the Princeton Treparalor) .School ])rior to entering- Princeton University, 
from which he was graduated in 1 S'^j with the degree of B. A. In 1894 he 
graduated from the New York Law .Sehool with the degree of I.I.. M. In 
lime, \>'^)^. I'rinceton conferred u])on hiiu the deg-ree of M. A. 

In 1^95 Mr. Besson was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attornev 
and in 1898 as a counsellor. He is both a .Su])reme Court Commissioner 
and a Special Master in Chancery. When he began ])ractice he became a 
meiuber of the firm of Lewis, Besson & Stevens, afterwards Besson. Alex- 
ander (!<: Stevens. His ability as a lawyer was speedily recognized, and 
to-da\', besides occupying- the District Court l)ench, he is counsel for the 
1'rust Company of New Jersey. Lie is also a director in the Hudson Trust 

Judge Besson served as Assembl}-man from Hudson lOunty in 1903 
and 1904. This is the only political office he has ever held. Besides the 
Legislative manuals for those years, he is i)rominenth- mentioned in a Ndhnne 
entitled "Courts and Lawyers of New Jersey." He lives at 800 Hudson 
street, Hoboken, and all his life has taken an active interest in the aft'airs of 
lloboken and its ])eople. 

He is a member of the German Club of lloboken, the Lrinceton Club oi 
New York, the University Club of New York, the University Cottage Club 
of Prijiceton, the Nassau Club of Princeton, the Sons of the Revolution oi 
Xew Jersey, the Washington Head(|uarters Society of Morristowu. N. J., 
and ex-president of the Hudson I'ounty Bar Association and the lloboken 
Hoard of Trade. His hobbies are tennis and golf. 

%nry A. (^ntht 

^/TENRY A GAEDE. of Hoboken, senior member of the law firm of 
If J Gacde ^'v: Gaede, one of the highly respected and older members of the 
> Hudson county bar, was born in Hudson City, now Jersey City 
Heights, September 10, 1857. 

He attended the schools in that vicinity and was graduated from old 
public school No. 2 in 1872. He then studied civil engineering with Otto F. 
Wagener, then city surveyor of Hoboken, and remained with him until Oc- 
tol)er, 1874. when he entered the office of the late John C. Besson. Since 
( )ctober. 1878, he has been engaged in the ])ractice of his profession, making 
a specialty of real estate and banking law. 

He is counsel for a number of large corporations, including the First 
National Bank of Hoboken, and the Jefferson Trust Company. He was at- 
torney for Hudson county in the condemnation ])roceedings for the County 
Boulevard. Mr. CJaede is a member of the Board of A^isitors to the State 
Agricultural College and has experimented in horticulture a number of years, 
that being his hobb\-, having his countrv estate at Marlboro-on-the-Hudson. 
X. Y. ' " 


lEuiunir E^altrr IGrak^ 

'T/'^UCiENE Waller Leake was Ixini in jerse\- Citv. X. J., |ul\' 17, ii^//, and 
TC. '"^ '^'^ lioiiK' (.-ily lu' lia> allaincd a r(.'])iitali()n as a la\v}er who maintains 
' the standard ni tlir old school of ])ractitioners mtich more closelv than 

man_\- of the ^onni^er members of the bar. He is the son of Thomas \A'. 
Leake and Caroline \ eyrassat, a grandson of Charles Leake and Eugene 
Veyrassat. a great-g-randson of George Leake and Samuel A'eyrassat, and a 
great-great-grandson of Daxid Leake and Samuel X'eyrassat, S'r. 

Mr. Leake reeei\ed his early education in Public Schools Xos. 3 and 12. 
Jersey City, .\lter\vards he attended Phillips-Andover Academv in Massa- 
chusetts. In 1896 he received the degree of LL. IL from the Regent.s of the 
L^niversity of the State of X'ew York. Tn 1897 he received his diploma from 
the N^ew York Law School, at the same time winning the first prize in the 
post-graduate class for excellence in both examination and essay. 

After graduating from the law school, Mr. I^eake continued his studies 
with James B. \"redenburgh and T'lair ».K: Crouse in Jersev Citw and wa- 
dmitted to the New Jersey bar in 189S. Since then he has been acti\-el\- and 
successftilly engaged in the practice of his profession. 

In T900 he became associated with Charles Hartshorne and Earle Insle^• 
as the junior ])a.rtner of the law hrm of Hartshorne, Insle^- & Leake, with 
offices in the Provident P>ank Building in JerscA- C'ltv. This partnership has 
continued uninterruptedl}- ever since, the firm being recognized as one of 
the most foremost in the practice of law in Xew Jersev. 


(dlrmrnt Dr B. Sl^Dnarb 



ij<:aii<:\t Dc r. lkoxard. of Ho- 

l)oken, attorney and connsellor at 
law, is a son of I'rancis De R. 
Leonard, a grandson of John Leor.ard. and 
great grandson of Joseph Leonard, who 
was high sheriti' of the then eolony of New 
Jersey in 1771 and who (Hed in 1779. His 
])aternal aneestors were l'"r(.'nch Ungenots. 
They eame to this eountry ahont the time 
/" ol' the FIngenot wars and figured prom- 

inently in civie and military atTlairs. His 
father was a respeeted eitizen of Ri^d Hank 
and his grandfather was appointed hy 
I'homas JelTerson as minister to the eourL 
of S])ain, whieh position lu- held with 
honor for thirt\- years. His mother was a 
memher of the distingnislied Lii)])ineott 
family of Ah)nmonth County. 

Mr. Leonard was hovu al Red Bank. 

I'ehruary 18, 1846. He reeeived his earl\- 

eclueation at St. Charles College, near 

was uratluated from Seton Hall College in 1869, atter 

I'dieoll City. Ale 

whieh he read law in Red liank, where he beeame assistant to Robert Allen, 
jr., ])roseeutor of the ])leas. He was admitted to the New Jersey bar in 1873 
as an attorney and in 1876 as a counselor. Tn 1877 he came to Hoboken, where 
he has since practiced his ]irofession. 

.Mr. Leonard has been i)r(jminent in Republican affairs in the state, hav- 
ing been delegate to tlie State Convention oni several occasions, delegate to 
cijngressional and county conventions and chairman of the Hoboken City Re- 
pnblican Committee. He has also been ]:)resident of his .\ssemblv District Com- 
mittee and chairman vi the b'irst WardAssociation of Hoboken. He served in 
the Assembly in 1897. He declined elevation as a district judge in 1898. His 
p-ractice is large and he enjoys the confidence of the wdiole community. 

He was retained in most imi)()rtant litigation l)y the Taxpayers" Asso- 
ciation of the Citv of Hoboken, to apply to the Supreme Court of the State 
for an order to summarily investigate the municipal expenditures of the cit\\ 
( )n the K)th da\- of September, 1905, Mr. Leonard accordingly, as provided 
1)\ the statute, presented to Justice Jonathan Dixon a petition signed by 
thirty-eight freeholders and ta.xpayers abiding in the City of Hobe)ken, al- 
leging that the\- had cause to belie\'e that the moneys of said citv were being 
and had been unlawfull}' and corruptly expended, citing numerous instances 
of fraud and corruption in the disbursement of said moneys. An order was 
thereupon granted as prayed for, resulting in an adjustment of the subject 
matter satisfactorily to all parties therein concerned and without recourse to 
lurther legal proceedings. 

.Another instance of absorbing interest to the citizens of Hoboken was 
ihe legal ])roceedings instituted b\- Air. Leonard in conjunction with the 
Attorney ( ieneral of New Jersex', in the nature of (|uo warranto, attacking 
the ap])! lintment of eleven jxtlice ofhcers, made on the 18th day^ of January, 
1904, at an adjourned stated meeting of the board of police commissioners of 
the City of Hoboken. It \vas claimed that the police force, as then existing, 
exclusive ol' superior officers, contained all the law^ then allowed, under 
Moboken's Special Charter and the several amendments thereto, and there 
was 111) \'acancy in the membershi]) of the said police force to which the said 
ele\en officers could legalh' be appointed; that the said amendments tii the 


i-aid charlc'i- under >ai(l charter uiidei- which >ai(l officers claimed to hold their 
office as i)atroliuen were uncoiislitmioiial and \did and in contravention of 
article four, section seven. parag-rai)hs nine and eleven of the Constitution of 
the State of New Jersey. The said mentioned acts were claimed to be special 
and ai)i)lving- only to those cities where the police force is governed ^by a 
ma\or and a board of coniniissii mcrs appointed liy him. 

The defendants in these ])roceedings retained Messrs. Bedle, Edwards 
v^ Thompson of Jerse\- Cit}-. who bitterly fought the case in their behalf, 
demurring to same on technical grounds. ( )n Fcbruar}' 23. 1904. the informa- 
tion was signed by the Attorne_\- (ieneral. and writ of quo warranto issued 
on .March 15, 19(^4. Defendants hied demurrer in case on June i6th. 1904. 
An amendetl information was filed May 6th. 1905. and served on defendants 
Max 14. 1905. Mr. Leonard was retained b\" the rei)ublica.n leader of Hudson 
Cotintx in said proceedings, and when the case was ready for trial was ordered 
liy hi^ client to discontinue the same on payment of his fees and costs. 

Mr. Leonard was also retained b}- the Election Officers of the City of 
lloboken. in 1903. to bring a. test case in their behalf in the name of one of 
their number. Da\id M. Hubbell. for the recovery of their salaries, in that 
year held up by the city on the questions of whether the law required the 
City or County to pay same, and also to determine whether their individual 
salaries for each election, were to be each $25.00 or $30.00. Suit was brought 
therefor on April 14th. 1903. and resulted in a judgment in favor of Mr. 
Leonard's clients and the recovery of their claims in full. 

On the 15th day of March. A. D. 1910. AL". Leonard was also admitted 
as .\ttorne\- and Counselor-at-Law in the Supreme Court of New York, and 
on June 2Sth. 1910. was duly admitted to both the U. S. District and Circuit 
Courts in said .State. He ran with Lawrence Pagan and A. AL Bruggemann 
for mayor, and after being defeated was named as assessor b\- Mayor Pagan. 
He held this position for five vears. 

airnn Abbrtt 

^/^l'"().\ A 111'. l-yrT. willi law (iHices at 51 Newark street, Hobdkcu, and 
4|j wild resides in Jei-se\ ('it\ , is a son of the kite (Governor Leon Al)bett. 

^^ and as a resnll of tliat rdalii inship, tos^'elher with his own legal 
acnnuii, he has aequired a hiri^c clientele among- the first people of tlie State. 
Ik' has been practicing law fur a nnnd)er of years i)ast. and from the lirst has 
had a clientele which has made him inde])endenl. 

Mr. Abbett's clientele has been of such a nature that he has not had to 
indulge in any questionable legal practices. He is careful, and iiujuires 
minutel\- into the details of the case any client brings to him. Tf he thinks 
the case is a just one and can be won on its merits he frankly tells his 
client so. If he thinks the case is a poor one. that his client would have 
lui standing in the courts, or that the case could be won only by questionaldc 
methods, he is very quick to refuse to have anything to do with it. He has 
a i)rofound respect for the intent of the law. and hesitates to take any 
questionable case on a mere technicality. 

Mr. Abbett really belongs to the old school of lawyers who would sooner 
see things settled amicably and not taken to court if such a settlement can 
be elTected. To this end he has smoothed over the difhculties of many 
clients, and has come to be looked upon as a mediator rather than a lawyer. 
This appellation is more pleasing to him. When, however, he has to take 
a case to court, he fights to the end for his client, and has a splendid record 
of victories to his credit. 

Although his father was one of the most honored men in politics in the 
State of New Jersey and attained the high office of ( Governor through the 
suffrage of the people, the younger ,\bbett's tendencies have been to avoid 
politics as much as i)(^ssil)le and to attend strictly to his legal business. He 
is quiet and unassuming, and readily finds friends among refined people. 

m 11 Ura&lru 

^|f|f II. BRADLEY, lawyer, with offices at 84 Washington street, Hoboken, 
m '^ numbered among the most progressive of the lawyers of the mile- 
♦ scpiare city. He has been in practice long enough to establish a clientele 
of more than generous proportions, and has the confidence and esteem of a 
large number of friends as well as clients. 

Mr. Bradley has been interested in a good deal of important private litiga- 
tion, and so careful is he in the preparation of his cases that it is said of him 
that his clients generally win. His percentage of cases won is considerably 
above the average, and this, of course, is due to a thorough knowledge of 
the law. a close study into the merits of the case on hand, and the fact that 
Mr. Bradley is honest in advising clients when they have no case (-»r little 
chance to win. 

Among his clients Mr. Bradley numbers many prc^ninent people. A good 
deal of his practice is what is known as oftice cases. He has a certain skill 
in deciding complicated cases that has drawn to him clients who have 
remained with him permanently. He is never pedagogic, but gives his 
clients the impression of being a friend as well as legal adviser. As a 
matter of fact, he enters into the cases of his clients in a whole-hearted 
manner which really makes him the friend, as well as legal adviser. 

Because of his upright practice Mr. Bradley has gained a high place in 
the esteem of the various branches of the bar l)efore which he practices. He 
!s not a s])ectacular lawyer. He depends, rather, upon knowledge of the 
law and its correct interpretation than upon high fiown oratory. He presents 
his cases clearly and concisely, and brings out the salient points in a manner 
that has won the admiration not onlv of the bench, but of his fellow^ lawyers 
as well. 

lEftutarit S>tnit^r 


DWARD STOXER, lawyer, was born 
in Hoboken, on April 13, 1882. He 
is the son of Emma R. and John D. 
Stover. Mr. Stover Is known for activities 
in behalf of social and civic betterment. He 
was the leader in the movement that 
brought almnt the equipment of the llud- 
son Count\ playgrounds in Hoboken. 

Mr. Stover attended Mensing's Kinder- 

!j;arten School and later the Hoboken .\ca- 

dcm\ fr(jm which he entered Xew N'ork 

rniversit}- at the age of 16. Here his 

^»i**i8^^ ' ^ studies were interrupted by poor health. 

^^ ^^L When this had been recovered he studied 

t\]X'writing and stenograi)h\' in l^agan's 
business College and entered the law office 
of Sanniel A. liesson. He graduated from 
Xew York Law School in 1904. reveived' 
the degree of bachellor of laws in i()o5. 
lie became an attornev and in i<)io a coun- 
selor at law. Immediately on becoming 
an atturnev he started in the practice of law^ for himself. His offices are in 
the Savings Bank Building at Newark and \\'ashingtnn Streets. Hoboken. 

While Mr. Stover was a law clerk he together with Walter Coppinger 
?nd Attorney John D. Pierson began to agitate for a play ground park for his 
crowded city, which finally culminated in the Hudson County Park Commis- 
sion adopting plans for converting the Holxjken Cricket Grounds and adjoining 
property into a play ground. Before the commission started its work of im- 
provement a ball team managed by the late Robert Davis, then called the 
Democratic Boss of Hudson County, started to play in the Cricket Grounds 
and charged an entrance fee. Stover and his associates got an injunction pro- 
hibiting the games from the Court of Chancery, but before doing so presented' 
themselves at the gates of the Cricket Grounds one Sunday afternoon and de- 
manded admittance free of charge. They were backed up b}' a crowd of citi- 
zens who tore down the fence when their demantls were refused. 

^I^ENRV J. (iAEDE, associated with 
fif -''•■'" father, Henry A. Gaede, in the 
i law firm of (Jaede & Gaede, Hobo- 
ken. was born in Jersey City Heights June 
25. T884. He received the degree of LL. 
B. from the Xew York University Law- 
School in 1904, after wdiich he took a 
special law course at Cornell University. 
He was admitted to the New Jersey bar 
in 1905 and to the New York bar in 1911. 
He is probably the youngest man ever 
admitted to the bar in this State, being- 
sworn in just one day after becoming 
twenty-one years of age. He is activelv 
engaged in the practice of law- in X^ew 
York City, having offices at 55 Libert\- 
Street, as well as with his father at 91 
AX'ashingtrin Street, Hol)oken. 


3am?H A. ^ulliitau. 

^d AMES A. SILLI\ AN. a member of 
tI the New Jersey l)ar since 191 1, and 
^-^ now engaged in the general practice 
ol' law in jersey City, was born in Jersey 
('it\, on Se]:)teni1)er 20, 1884, his parents 
heing James ancl Mary SnUivan. ffe lias 
|iro\en himself an apt disciple of Hlack- 
slone and his law business is growing. In 
characteristic manner when asked as to his 
liohbirs and tastes he said hv had none, tha' 
his onl\' desire was to see his business 
grow. He has the training, the system and 
I he experience which will ])ermit him to do 
an enormous amouiU of work in the short- 
est possible time. I lis interests are always 
those of his clients and those who have re- 
tained him are loud in praise of his satis- 
factor\' work i'l their behalf 

Me was educated in the Christian 
brothers' School in Jersey City, St. Peter's 
LOllege in Jersey City and Seton Hall in 
South Orange, from which nistitution he graduated in 1905, with the academic 
degree of A. B. In 1907 he received the degree of A. M. From the New York 
Law School he received the degree of LL. B. in 1908. H then entered the 
oftice of Brinkerhoff & Fielder, serving a clerkship there until his admission 
to the ])ar in 191 1. 

-Mr. Sullivan is a Democrat in politics. He is a member of the John P. 
I'^ijan l)emocratic ("lub and the Carteret Club. 


litUiam A. Kanauagl) 

'%!♦(♦ 1 I.LIAM A. Kavaiiaqh, one of the younger of Hoboken's lawyers, l)ul 
^^^ withal, one who in his sliort legal career has won a host of friends 
'^^^ and ehents. together with their confidence, wa.s iiorn m County Dublin. 
Ireland. March 17, 1SS5. and is theref<')re a true son of the "ould sod" and of 
the good St. I 'at rick, he l)eing born upon the day devoted to the memory of 
Ireland's patron saint. His parents were James F. Kavanagh and Anna 
Archer Kavanagli. 

Witli his parents voung Ka\anagh came [>■ this country in September. 
1890. i'hev settled iuMoboken. and it was here that the boy was educated, 
so far a> his ])relinnnarv education was concerned. He attended both No. 1 
School and ( )ur Ladv of ( irace Parochial School, graduating from the latter 
mstituticm of learning in i^'y8. He then entered St. Peter's High School in 
Jersey Citv. attending there from 1899 to 1901, after which he entered Seton 
Hall College in South Orange. N. J., in 1902. from, which he graduated in 1905. 

After his graduation at Seton Hall College he became an instructor, and 
taught in the llo])oken High School and in the public schools of the City of 
New ^'ork. .\s a teacher he w-as highly regarded, and had he chosen to 
continue a career as such would undoubtedly have been among the foremost 
tutors of his time. He had a bent for the law. however, and entered Fordham 
Law School in 1909. graduating in 1912. He was soon after admitted to the 
l)ar. and since then has ju-acticed his profession at 68 Hudson street, where 
he has a large and constantly growing clientele. 

Air. Kavanagh is careful and conscientious in the study of the interests 
of his clients in whatever matters are entrusted to him. Although a young 
lawver. he alreadv has many victories and satisfactory settlements to his 
credit. Through the clients he has served others have come, a fact which 

iFr^i^rtrk N, iEbrrbarii 

'^lY^'^^"^^''^^^^'--^^ -'^- I'-berhard. witli offices in the Second National Rank build- 
er ing. Hoboken. is one of those lawyers whose advice is soug-ht not only by 
^^ private clients, but by financial institutions, municipal corporations, 
etc. He is recognized as an able exponent of financial and corporation law 
and, therefore, he has a clientele that is a little above that of the average 

Mr. Eberhard is not often seen at the bar. Most of his work is confined 
to his office. The work at the bar is attended to more or less by his asso- 
ciates. \\'hen his presence is recjuired, however, one may find him in court, 
and when he is seen there one may rest assured that there is something of 
more than ordinary importance on for the day. 

Air. Eberhard resides in Jersey City, in the upper Hudson City section. 
He has a splendid home on Palisade aventie. He has a family of whom he 
can well feel i)roud. His son. F. N. Eberhard. Jr.. is studying law in his 
father's office, and it is the intention of the elder Eberhard to take the son 
into the firm as soon as he has passed his examinations and l)een admitted 
to the bar. 

While never dabbling in politics for personal gain. Mr. Eberhard has 
taken an active interest in the reforms of government in fersev City. He 
was Judge Advocate of the Ninth Regiment of New Jersev and an Interstate 
Bridge Commissioner representing Hudson County. The title of "Commis- 
sioner" sticks with him to the i)resent dav. 

Personally Air. Eberhard is genial with friends. To those whom he 
likes he has a warm heart. He is courteous to all, but dismisses quietly those 
with wdiom he does not care to do business or recognize socially. He has 
built up his legal business on a high plane. A man of his personality could 
not do otherwise. 


(Eharl^H IE. S^. i^tntpanu. 


ARLI'.S !•:. S. SI.MI'SOX was born 
August 20, 1873. in Xew York City, 
where he received his early educa- 
tion in the puhhc schools. When a young 
man he moved to Jersey City, where he has 
since made his home. I le was admitted to 
tlie New Jersey ba.r in 1899 as an attorney 
anil snhse(|uentl\ as a counselor. He is 
now practising his ])rofession, his offices 
hemg at 665 Xewark Avenue, Jersey City. 

Mr. Sim])son is a Deniocrat. He is an 
orator and his services are much sought in 
campaigns. In 191 1 and 1912 he served as 
an .Assemblyman, the latter year being re- 
elected by a majority of more than 19,000, 
over 1{. .A. Ransom, the highest candidate 
on. the Republican ticket. He served as 
chairman of the committee on incidental 
expenses and as a member of the commit- 
tees on judiciary, revision of laws, school 
for deaf mutes and state library. 
He is always interested in the betterment of Jersey City and is a member 
of the Chamber of Commerce of that city. He was one of the founders and 
is a member of the Eighth Ward Citizens' League of Jersey City. He is 
well known fraternally and is a member of Court Jersey City, No. 2, Foresters 
of America; the Jersey City Club; the Down Town Club; Jersey City Lodge, 
No. 211, 1). P. (). E. ; Amitv Lodge, No. 103, F. and A. AL ; Lafayette Lodge, 
No. 79, K. of P.; Zemzeni' ( irotto. No. 16^ M. O. \'. P. E. R. ;'the Hudson 
County Democratic Association; New Jersey Automobile and Motor Club; 
Automobile Club of Hudson County, the Hudson County Road Drivers' 
Association, and the Hudson C"ounty Bar Association. I lis practice is a large 
and lucrati\e one and his clientele is ra})idly increasing. 


Mihor 1. Irauin 

AMONCi the lawyers of lleilxiken who have attained an excellent repu- 
tation amonj^ business men, ])rofessional men and laymen generally, 
may l)e mentioned Isidor 11. 15rand, with offices at 51 Newark street. 
Mr. Brand practices his profession strictly along ethical lines, and is averse 
to publicity, except that gained through cluty well done. He is regarded as 
one of the leading legal lights of Hoboken. and enjoys a practice at the same 
time attractive tvj a man of his profession, and lucrative. His practice in- 
cludes all branches of litigation, but he prefers that which leaves him in his 
office, studying out intricate problems, rather than the kind which leads the 
lawyer into the criminal courts. 

j\lr. Brand believes in law as practiced by the old school of lawyers, the 
kind of law which makes the lawyer the confidential friend, as well as legal 
adviser, of his client, tlie kind of law that recognizes duty to clients as para- 
mount to e\er\- other consideration, the kind which advises and directs and 
refuses to take cases if there is no good case to be made for the client, the 
kind which advises settlement of difficulties rather than costly litigation, in 
fact, the practice of law along the dignified and gentlemanly side of the pro- 

Naturally Air. Brand is a busy man. He is well grounded in his practice, 
which has grown until it reaches proportions which take up a great deal of 
his time. He finds time, however, to be genial to callers and extend a hearty 
welcome to friends. He lives at 318 Hudson street and enjoys the respect 

of his neighbors. 

Abolplt (E. dmsttn 

N(_) lawyer is better or more favorably known in North Hudson, Hoboken, 
or Hudson County, for that matter, than Adolj^h C. Carsten, who has 
offices at 79 River street, Hoboken. Mr. Carsten was for vears a law part- 
ner of Francis ]McCauley under the firm name of McCauley and Carsten. About 
a year ago the partnership was severed, and since that time he has engaged 
in the practice of law for himself at the Hoboken address. He also lives in 
Hoboken at 913 A\'ashington street. 

Praise which might be bestow^ed on other members of the bar w^ould 
sound cheap when applied to Mr. Carsten. He is one of the school of 
lawyers who believe in the ]:)rotection of their clients and their interests 
promptly and with the least litigation possible. He has so large a permanent 
and transient clientele that it would not pa.}' him to dallv along on cases 
which could be settled (|uickly, even were he so inclined, but it has always 
been a point of honor with Mr. Carsten to get through a case as quicklv as 
possible, thereby getting it oft' his mind and leaving more for the client. 

Mr. Carsten was born March 31. 1S75, in Hol)()ken. his parents being 
Nicholas and Lina Carsten. He attended public school No. 3. He worked 
at the diamond cutting trade from 13 to 21 years of age. He entered the 
Centenary Collegiate Institute at Hackettstown in 1897. graduating in 1900. 
He immediately entered the New York University and graduated in 1904 
with the degree of B. A. From the New York Law School he graduated in 
1905 and entered the office of James F. Minturn. who was elevated to the 
Supreme Court bench in T907, at which time McCauley and Carsten took 
ever his practice. 

Mr. Carsten was appointed to the Board of Trustees of the Free Fublic 
Library in Hoboken in 1906 l^y Mayor George H. Steil. He resigned in 1909. 
He is a member of Hoboken Lodge of Elks No. 74. Camp i. Sons of N'eterans. 
and the Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity and Club with headquarters in West 
Forty-fourth street. New York Citv. 


A. (0. Ctfrarcllt 

AMONG the best known of the huvyers in this vicinity may be men- 
tioned A. O. Ciccarelli, with ofhces in the l)nilding owned by the 
Second National Hank. i<2 River street, Holxiken. Mr. Ciccarelli has 
been engaged in the ])ractice (^f law in the Hndson County Courts for the 
past twenty years, and he has Iniilt up an enviable clientele, especially among 
the Italian' speaking residents of the county, who go to him for counsel and 
advice. Advice is not always confined to legal matters. Many of his clients 
have been advised as to financial investments there, and it is said that none 
who followed the advice of the counsellor in these matters ever had cause to 

regret it. 

At one time Mr. Ciccarelli dabbled a bit in politics. He was a republican 
and was much interested in republican politics. He was a member of the 
F^^remont Club when that organization was in the height of its glory and at 
one time undertook to run for the assembly on the republican ticket. He wa.s 
beaten at the polls, as was every other republican at the time, although his 
vote was a flattering one. Of late years he has eschewed politics and con- 
fined himself to the practice of his profession. 

His ofhces are busy ones. Go there at any time when he is in and one 
is apt to find a long list of waiting clients looking for advice as to begun or 
contemplated litigation. Mr. Ciccarelli is sharp, clear, crisp and decisive in 
his advice. He has the law on most matters at his tongue's end. and is ready 
in manv cases to give an opinion as to the meritsof litigation at a moment's 

Mr. Ciccarelli numbers among his friends some prominent people. He 
is well thought of by the bench and bar. He has never resorted to the little 
catch-penny tactics of so many lawyers of the younger generation, and is 
rather of the strictly professional order of legal gentlemen. Once a friend 
his friendships last until blasted by other than himself. 


inint 31. Halalt 

3( )1IX J. Walsh was born 
at \\'exford, Ireland. 
March t6, 1877, and is 
a lawxL-r by profession. He 
receixecl his early education 
under the Brothers of St. 
All )\siiis, at Wexford, where 
he j^radiiated with honors. 
He afterwards accepted a 
])(isitinn with Israel Wallis. 
Clerk (if the Crown, where, 
from his duties as attendant 
at the Petit Sessions Court, 
he acquired a facility for the 
study of law. 

His father. John Walsh, 
was a descendant of an old 
.^ouih Wexford family, and 
was one of the organizers 
and ardent supporters of the 
Land-League Movement in 
< )ctol)er, 1S79. Under an 
Act of Parliament of 1881, 
known as "Forester's Coer- 
cion Act." which was pro- 
mulgated for the suppression 
of the Land-League, and the 
sus])ension of the Habeas 
Corjjus Act of that year, his 
father was arrested, and with ()00 others of good social standing, and moderate 
political views, was incarcerated as a "suspect" in Kilmainham jail. Duldin. 
He was released, untried and unaccused in ]\Iay. 1882. 

Mr. A\'alsh. Jr., in his }()unger days was affiliated with the Nationalist 
movement and was acti\ely interested in the Parnell crisis of 1890. 

Mr. Walsh came to the United States in 1897, ^^ith the late Rev. Michael 
(_". McI'Adw i^astor of .St. Joseph's Chttrch, Hobc)ken, who desired him to 
stud\- for the ])riesthood. Mr. Walsh, however, was inclined to purstie the 
:-Uid\- of law. lie completed his studies in New York University, class of 
1896. He served his clerkship under Supreme Court jttstice, Hon. James F. 
Minturn and Corporation Counsel John J. Fallon, lie was admitted to the 
New Jersey Bar in 1908. 

iKnxTts UmauskiT 

^i*|Y ORRIS UMANSKY. engaged in the practice of law at 51 Newark street. 

'JIlL Hoboken. was born March 10. 188^). at Bratslav, Russia. His parent* 
^^^ were Joseph and Esther Umansky. He attended schools in Russia. 
When still a boy he came to this country, and by close application and hard 
study, at the age of 28 years he has made for himself an enviable place in 
professional circles. His legal education was obtained at the Law School of 
the University of New York. His jjractice from the start has been of the 
higher order. 

Mr. Umansky is popular in a large circle of friends and ac(|uaintances. 
He is a member of Court Harmonx', No. 69, Foresters of America: Hoboken 
City Lodge. No. 476. Independent ( )rder of Brith Abraham, and Linath 
Hazedek of Hudson Count\'. He is married and li\e^ in We^l lloboken. 



•1 * i 


■1 * 



1 -If 

% ^\ : TXit , ynDcxsrisAJ,x,vxirxr,i i i.xri^^v.'v^ i\tit i.,«^ny\iTT. ■/: : 

iFhtaitrtal Suatttuttnus 



■^/^UIJSON COUNTY'S financial institutions arc among' the strongest and 
If J most respected in the countrw Xo loose methods of banking are 
^ tolerated here, the result being the unciuestioned soundness of the 
banks and allied institutions. 

Notwithstanding the ])anic through which the countr\- at large has ])assed, 
there has been little of the general depression felt here, so far as l)ard<ing 
business is concerned. The banks ha\e been liberal in their accommodations 
to business men — as liberal as good business management would permit. So 
far as the annual rejxirts for 1914 show e\ery bank has increased its assets, 
decreased its actual liabilities and increased its saving dei)osits. W hile 1914 
was by no means the best financial \ear ex])erienced in Hudson, it was far 
from being the poorest, h^ailures were few and. with one or two exce])tions. 
were unimportant. .Ml in all. the financial conditions ha\e been remark.ably 
good. Considering the depression that existed elsewdiere, and there seems to 
pre\ the general optimistic feeling of a better business \ear to come. 

Building and loan associations haxe increased in nund)ers. shareholders 
and the number of shares taken and this increase is continuing. Careful 
management has marked the conduct of the sixt\- or more associations of this 
kind in the county. .Ml ha\e done an extensi\e banking business. 

Many of Mudsdn's banks do do business with corres])on(lents throughout 
the entire cixilized world. Man\- of her hnanciers are international! \- known. 
The credit checks, or letters of credit, of man\ of her institutions are accepted 
as collateral the world o\er. The figures of business done, of dei)osits and 
assets are astounding. 

Realt}- oi)erations ha\ e been general and in >()me pai-t> of the country. 
more ncjtably in North Hudson, an actual building boom lias been in pro- 
gress. West New \'ork especially has felt this in full force and there has 
been no indication of a slump t)f anv kind. New business houses have l:>een 
opened and are a])parently doing well. From the financial, as well as social 
and ec.momical. standixiint Hudson Count\- is a eood. live section. 


Hninn ©rust (Enmijauu 

--•f 1 1 !•: I'nion i'rusl Cunii);iny of Xew Jersey, with headquarters at 75 
^|[ Montgomery street, Jersey City, and a branch at Broadway and Thirty- 
^^ third street' Rayonne, although a comparatively young financial in- 
stitution, liaving commenced business in 1907, is one of the strongest in 
Hudson county, having a capital and surplus of more than $630,000, with 
assets of more than $3,700,000. It has direct facilities for drawing and trans- 
mittino- funds on or to anv imi)ortant cit\- in the world bv draft, letters of 
credit or cable. 

Officers of the compan_\- are: President. Samuel Ludlow, jr.; Nice-presi- 
dent. John I. (iorman; \ice-president and treasurer, James G. Hasking; sec- 
retary-, (ieorge E. Bailey; assistant secretary. Floyd Ramsey; directors, 
Charles K. Beekman, ^^'iiliam H. Cane, Joseph A. Dear. Thomas H. Ecker- 
son, Benjamin E. F"arrier. John J. (iorman, James P. Hall. James (i. Hasking, 
Robert S. Hudspeth, Charles F". Long, Samuel Ludlow, jr., C. F. Mueller, jr., 
Jacob Ringle. Thomas \\\ Shelton, Stanton M. Smith, A. J. Stone and J. T. 
Thomas. With these gentlemen at the head of the institution it does a bank- 
ing and trust Inisiness in all its branches, is the depository of savings funds 
at 4 per cent, interest, a depository of the State of New Jersey, of the county 
of Hudson, of Jersey City, the City of Bayonne, and likewise a depository in 
bankruptcy. It has twenty-one employees. 

The president, Mr. Ludlow, has a wide experience in the banking busi- 
ness, beginning as messenger in a large New York bank at the age of 17 
years. He has worked in every important department of a large city bank 
and is therefore conversant in all branches of banking, as well as all the 
details necessarily involved. 

Idle \ice-president. J. J. (iorman, is widely known as the president of 
the Manhattan Electrical Supply Company, one of the largest electrical supply 
com]:)a.nies in the world, which was established by Mr. Corman with but a 
few hundred dollars some thirt_\' years ago. 

\'ice-president and Treasurer James G. Hasking. is widel}- knt)wn in bank- 
ing circles throughout Jersey City, his activities in this line in that city cov- 
ering a period of more than fifty years. All of the directors are known as 
men of high integrity and business ability. 

This trust company when organized in 1907 assumed the deposit 
liabilities of the Second National Bank of Jersev Citv and engaged to liqui- 
date that institution. At the time the present management took hold the 
deposits of the Second National Bank were slightly in excess of $700,000. At 
the present time the deposits amount to over $3,000,000, a gain of over 
400%, while the total assets amount to over $3,700,000. The capital stock of 
the Second National Bank has been liquidated up to one hundred cents on 
the dollar. At the present time the Union Trust Co. has no direct or indirect 
interest in the old affairs of the Second National Bank of Jersey City, and 
their affiliations although always indirect are now completely severed. 

Since the trust company was organized in the old building of the Second 
National Bank, corner A\'ashington and Alontgomery streets, it has disposed 
of the old building to the United States government, wdiere the new Jersey 
City post office is now located and has erected a modern bank and 
office building at the corner of A\\-ishington and Montgomerv streets, wherein 
is located the Downtown Club, the Chancery Court Chambers, the Bank- 
ruptcy Court and the Chamber of Commerce. The home of the Trust 
Company is considered the best ecpiipped l)anking rooms in the State of New 
Jersey. Herein is located a safe deposit vault, which is pronounced by ex- 
perts as the heaviest and strongest vault in the State. 

During the year ending June 30th. 1914. the total transactions of money 
handled by the Union Trust Company, amounted to the immense sum of 
$171,921,679.27. Over 10,000 depositors are handling their I)anking business 
through this company at the present time. 


yhlanft ©rust (Enm^anji nf 'Nnw ^n^n] 

TAR'I'ING business on June 30. 1904, the llij^hland Trust Compan_v of 
New jersey, at Summit avenue and DeMott street, West Hoboken. 
has L;ro\vn to a hist\ hnancial MHiii'Ster of ten years, with assets of 
more than $2,000,000. In starting-, it occupied a twenty foot buihJing- in the 
neig'hl)orhood of the transfer statical. It now has a splenthd l)uihlini]^ of its 
own, facing- for sixty feet on l)Usy Summit avenue. 

The ])ohcv which has l)uih the l)usiness of tliis l)ank and caused such 
unusual pr<)S])erit\- and growth is the principle that the important feature of 
Iianking- is to al\va\s ha\-e the monc}- \i> ])ay the dei)ositor wlien he conies to 
;he window for it. 

()roanizers of the compaii}- include Julius IJelte, A. A. Franck. J. P. 
Ilenr}-, Al. 1).. R. J. llillas, (ieorge J. McEwan, J. Lawrence Nevin, (de- 
ceased), Richard Stevens, Edward H. Snyder, Albert Wiggers, George 
Eausecker, J. A. Wolfenden. B. H. P^elzer. Jr.. Charles J. Solyom, George 
Lawyer and Thomas McEw^an. 

Officers are: Thomas McEwan. Jr., president; Robert J. Hillas. vice- 
president; I. .S. Chamberlain, secretary and treasurer. Directors are; Thomas 
McEwan, Julius Helte. Robert J. llillas. Henry Prunaret. Robert R. 
Eampa. ( ieorge J. McEwan, Jose])h A. Nevin, M. D., Edwin H. Snyder. 
William Werner, John A. W^olfenden and Edward Savoye. 



^ ,Av 

[st'SKSt . st i sssp^fc y * 

3nftustrtal PrnyesB in l^uttsnu Cnuuty 

*^/j^UDSON COUXTV is first in importance l)oth in population and in- 
4m (kistries among the comities of New Jersey. Its advantageous location 
i in the Metropolitan District, assures to all of the municipalities within 
its ])oundaries an e(]ual share in the industrial dexelopmcnt of the Port of 
New York. 

At this point the i)rincipal railroads of the country c(3nverge — in fact 
Hudson County may well be termed the tide water terminal of practically 
e\-ery important trunk line in the country. Here, too, are located four im- 
];ortaut trans-Atlantic lines (two of them among the largest in the world) 
which together handle more than half of the entire ocean ]jassenger traltic 
and a substantial share of the immense v«jlume of freight to and from Euro- 
pean and other foreign countries. 

The completion of the waterways system from the (ireat Lakes to the 
Atlantic ( )cean via the Hudson River, and the opening of the Panama Canal 
also gi\es promise of even greater prosperity. 

Manufacturers are (|uick to perceixe its man\ ad\ antages and are l<»cat- 
ing in all parts of the count\- in constanth' increasing numbers. Sections 
which a few years ago were woods and fields, marsh lands, or dimiping 
grounds for rul)bish, can now boast of some of the hnest examples of modern 
factory construction. Many new streets have also been laid out in these 
sections, and apartments, flats and dwellings Ikinc been, and are 1)eing, erecte(' 
to house the numerous workers. 

La])or of all classes, skilled and unskilled, is available throughout the 
Count}', and because of the development of transportation facilities, the va- 
rious sections of the county have been drawn closer together. Excellent 
sn])ur]:)an train service has also placed within the reach of many ])eo]de who 
are employed within the county, the advantages of countr}- life. 

It needs no great ])rophet then, to forecast the industrial future of I luil-on 
County. The westerly sliore of the Hudson Ri\cr, the shores of the Staten 
Island Kills, the lowland fringeing the Hackensack River, will lie utilized in 
the development of a freight terminal system second to none in the world 
and with this development will come industrial prosperit\' unsurpassed by 
any section of our countrv. 


Hfuii^nn anJt ilanbattan lailrnait (En. 

No ONE development, or industry, has played a more imjxtrtant part in 
the growth and development of Hudson County than the Hudson and 
Manhattan Railroad Company, operating the tunnels under the Hud- 
son river between Jersey City, Hoboken and the shopping and downtown 
districts of New York. By its extensions in Jersey City, patrons are now 
enabled to reach the western slope of the Bergen section, and from there, by 
special arrangement with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, through to 
Newark, upon trains operated by the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Com- 
pany. Other extensions are planned in New York, by which New Jersey 
patrons will be able to ride direct to the Grand Central station in New York. 
When these extensions are completed, Hudson County will have direct and 
quick communication with financial and commercial New York, unequalled 
by that of any other section of the metropolis and its neighboring towns and 

By means of the tunnels one may go from either Hoboken or Jersey 
City to downtown New York for five cents, and to any part of Sixth avenue, 
as far as Thirty-third street, for seven cents. This is cheaper, quicker and 
more convenient than the old ferry and surface car methods by which the 
public had to reach these districts. The tunnel has proven a great boon to 
Hudson County people who work in New York, as well as to those house- 
wives who care to go to New York to shop. Where a shopping trip used 
to take up the better part of a day, a woman may now leave home at a rea- 
sonable hour in the morning, reach the shopping district, transact her business 
and be home again in time for lunch. The saving in time for those who 
travel to and from work and business in New York is just as marked. 

From the inception of tunnel service the motto has always been "safety. 
speed, courtesy." The tunnel authorities were the first of the great public 
service corporations operating in and about New York to impress upon their 
employees that the travelling public is entitled to courtesy. It was a great 
change from the "step lively," and the "hurry up" commands of the employees 
of other transportation companies to the "please hurry" of the new company 
employees at first and one which was much appreciated. Since then other 
companies got the habit of courtesy and it is now the rule rather than the 


The under river tunnels were the outgrowth of the plan of the Hudson 
'i'unncl ivailroad Company, organized in 1873 by DeWitt Clinton Haskins, to 
tunnel under the Hudson, connecting New York and New Jersey and to 
furnish transportation by means of steam trains. Lack of facilities for com- 
]>leting the projected tunnel caused the scheme to lie dormant for a number 
of years, although it continued to l)e agitated. Finally the company was 
reorganized through the in(loniital)le work of William G. McAdoo, now 
secretary of treasury for the United States, and plans were evolved by which 
the ])lan would be made feasible l)y electric operation. 

All work was concentrated on the possibility of building a tunnel at tirst. 
Work was commenced on what is officially known as the north tunnel, that 
leading to Hoboken, through the Erie yards and across under the river at 
Fifteenth street, Jersey City. This tunnel was completed from Jersey City 
to New York on March 11, 1904. The uptown tunnels from Hoboken to 
Nineteenth street and Sixth avenue were opened to traffic on February 25. 
1908, comprising 6.2 miles of single tracks. On June 15, 1908, the line vyas 
opened to Twenty-third street station, using the easterly side of the station 
only. On July 19, 1909, the downtown river tunnels from Church street 
terminal. New York City, to Pennsylvania station in Jersey City were thrown 
open to traffic, and on August 2, 1909, the link connecting the uptown and 
downtown systems on the New Jersey side was placed in operation and on 
September 20 the tunnels between Caissons No. i and No. 3 were opened 
which enabled the uptown system to send trains to and from the Erie station 


and the Pennsylvania station and at the same time the west side of Twenty- 
third street station was placed in use. The total length of single track in 
service at this time being 12.79 niiles. 

On September 6, 1910, the Henderson street station in Jersey City with 
the connecting tunnels to the Pennsylvania station and Washington street 
line were placed under operation, together with the car storage yard and 
a])proach thereto. On November 10, 1910, the line on Sixth avenue to Thirty- 
third street was completed, making the complete length of single track in 
operation 15.61 miles with 1.91 miles of storage tracks. From this have 
sprung all the ramifications of underground and under river transportation 
which we now enjoy. 

A resumi' of the work of tunnel construction would be interesting, but 

would recpiire much more space than can ])e crowded into this history. That 
it was well done can be testified to b}- hundreds of thousands who use the 
tunnels to reach New York. But it was not accomplished withc)ut having 
to overcome many ditificulties in engineering and construction work. Some 
lives were lost, but in the main the loss of life was comparatively small when 
the map"nitude of the work is taken into consideration. 

From the first the tunnels were well patronized. An effort was made to 
provide service on a straight five cent fare. After a trial it was found that 
this could not be done, so a seven cent fare was imposed for uptown pas- 
sengers and a five cent fare for downtown passengers. Taken all in all, from 
the standpoint of l)ig investors, there is every reason to hope for continued 
and increasing success of operation until such time as it shall more than pay 
for itself. 

The Hudson Terminal Buildings, the downtown terminal, contribute in 
a large measure to the revenue of the road. They are fully rented. 

The company report for December 31, 1913, "shows that there is a total 
trackage of 7.089 miles in New York and 11.668 miles in New Jersev. This 
includes main lines, sidings and crossovers, car yards and approaches, etc. 
While there are 18.757 miles of trackage, there are' but 7.91 miles of roadwav. 


A comparison of statistics for 1912 and 1913 shows a general increase in 
number of car miles operated, passenger revenue, miscellaneous revenue, in 
number of passengers carried, number of passengers carried per mile, pas- 
sengers re\cnue i)er mile, etc. A million and a quarter more passengers were 
carried in 1913 than in 1912. 

There is one thing on which the company is strong, i. e., safety to em- 
plovees and to public. To this end no expense has been spared to secure the 
latest in electric safety ai)pliances. It is claimed that it is absolutely impos- 
sible for a car to be run past a danger signal, no matter if the motorman be 
asleep or dead. The car is stopped automatically where a signal is set, and 
must continue to remain there until the danger ahead has been eliminated 
either bv the train ahead passing out of the block and automatically releas- 
ing the signal or until the danger, if it be something else, is eliminated. 

To further guard the safety of the public, every employee is furnished 
with set of rules and a book of safetv hints. In these books every known 
transportation contingency that can arise is met with explicit instructions how 
to act in any emergency. The books are so modified that the instructions 
can be found and followed with practically no loss of time. The book also 
contains instructions for first aid to the injured. 

The membership of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Athletic Asso- 
ciation comprises about 80 per cent, of the employees of the company. Com- 
modious quarters ha\e been furnished l)y the company and ecpiipped with 
]M)()1 tables, gymnasium a])i)aratus, hand l)all cotirt, and a well stocked reading 
rt)om. have afforded social intercotn"se and healthful recreation. A motion- 
picture machine has recently been installed by the association and has been 
used not only to furnish entertainment, but also to illustrate frequent instruc- 
tive on matters ]>ertaining to railwav operation, jjarticularly the 
subject of "safety." 

( )n March 1st. 1913, an agreement was entered into between the com])any 
and Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Athletic Association, representing the 
employees, under which Sick Benefit and Death Benefit Funds have been, 
established. The operation of these Funds has been highly satisfactory, and 
the Cordial relations which already existed between the company and its 
employees have been greatly strengthened. The Funds are managed by a 
committee composed of officers of the ci'mpan\- and em])lo\ees elected b}' the 
Athletic Association. 


^tauitarit (§il (Enrnpaug 

AAlOXi, the great industries of Jersey City and its adjacent towns is the 
manufacture and distribution of oils and oil products as carried on by 
the Standard Oil Company in Jersey City and Bayonne. The plant 
at Bavonne is the largest oil manufacturing establishment in the world. It 
covers an area of something like 252 acres, where crude oil is manufactured 
into its various products. 

From the Bayonne plant alone during the year 1913 were shipped 2,608,- 
660 tons of oil and oil products by water. There were received into this plant 
by water 797,240 tons, making a total amount of business done by water 
over their docks of 3,405,907 tons. This does not include the material used 
in the preparation of oil and oil products, such as tinplate, boxes, steel pipe, 
machinery, etc. 

This plant is equipped with four large docks capable of handling the 
largest commercial vessels in the world. Fifteen large ships can be accom- 
modated at these docks at one time. To do this large amount of business 
496 ship loads were taken in and sent out, 410 being loaded out and 86 brought 
in laden with oil. Two hundred and ninety-three barges, oil laden were also 
handled into the plant and 1,704 barges an average of six a day, were handled 
out. The ships and barges vary from a capacity of 3,000 to a capacity of 
15,000 tons. They go to all parts of the world, many cargoes reaching the 
far interior of China, islands of the Pacific ocean, interior of Africa, Australia, 
South America, Scandinavia and as far north as the arctic circle. 

Besides the oil shipped out of this plant daily there is mantifactured on 
an average of more than 50.000 cases per day. each case carrying two cans 
of five gallons each, the cans also being manufactured w'ithin the plant. The 
plant is also equipped to manufacture 7,000 wooden barrels per day. as well 
as the steel barrels used in the shipment of oils for long distances. Not only 
is the manufacture of receptacles for its own products carried on, but the 
plant is so equipped that practically all its own machinery and repairs are 
made there by its own mechanics. A large boiler shop, blacksmith shop, 
machine shop and carpenter shop, employ some 2,000 men constantlv on such 
work. The total number of employees in the plant aggregates 6,000 and the 
manufacture of oil, its products, cases, machinery, etc., is carried on night 
and day. 

In the Communipaw section of Jersey City is another oil refinery, cover- 
ing approximately 80 acres of land, in which is manufactured 15,000 barrels 
of crude oil into various grades of lubricating oil daily. This plant is fully 
equipped for the manufacture of all the products of petroleum and employs 
a force aggregating about 1,000 men. This plant was established in 1878 
with a small manufacturing capacity and has grown steadily to its present 
size. Both of these plants probably represent the most modern and up-to-date 
methods that can be found in this particular business. 

With such an extensive business it must be recognized that the Standard 
Oil Company plays an important part in the finances of the section in which 
it carries on its manufacturing operations. The weekly payroll of the com- 
pany is something like $75,000 in the two plants. Most of this is disbursed 
by the employees in their own particular sections among grocers, butchers 
and other local merchants. 

The company has suffered several disastrous fires in its Bayonne plant. 
One in July, 1890, broke out at midnight and burned for a week, the loss 
being in the neighborhood of $2,000,000. Since that time the company has 
employed every means and adopted every contrivance to prevent a repetition 
of such a conflagration. Great care is taken to provide sanitary and safety 
appliances for the protection of employees at all times and everv reasonable 
cflfort is made to look out for their welfare. 


Since the big tire an additional inimping system, by means of which the 
immense tanks of oils, gasolene, naphtha, etc., can be quickly drawn off in 

the event of a fire close by, and carried to points of safety elsewhere, have 
been installed. A splendid fire system has been organized among the em- 
ployees. There are plenty of hydrants and hose and a heavy pressure of 
water is always ready. Besides this the fleet of tug boats is equipped with 
every known device for fighting fire from the water front. 

Just how well the company looks after its employees and their interests 
may be gleaned from the fact that it maintains a private hospital and corps 
of physicians and surgeons, with every modern convenience for the treatment 
of the sick and first aid to the injured. Also a pension system has been in- 
troduced by which a person having worked for the company for twenty years 
;in(l haxing reached the age of 60 \-ears is entitled to retirement on half pay 
for the remainder of his life. 

Among the other important plants of the company is the one at Tampico, 
Mexico, from which pipe lines are laid to various oil producing sections 
throughout the country and to which crude oil for refinement flows directly 
from the wells, the oil being metered so that the flow from each well can be 
properly registered. Many independent oil companies and oil wells are de- 
pendent upon the Standard for their own existence, the Standard taking the 
flow of crude oil in this manner direct from the fields, witli little or no expense 
to the well operating companies. Of course, the Standard has nian\' wells of 
its own in the best known oil fields of the countrv. 


^rhutarHrnbarh, Hubrr €0, 

3N the silk industry of North Hudson the Schwarzenbach-Huber Com- 
panv plays a prominent part. It conducts one of the largest plants 
for 'the manufacture of broad and novelty silks in the entire country. 
Its magnificent factory is bounded by Highpoint avenue. Spring street, West 
street and Oak street, in West Hobokcn. During the busy season it is a 
busy hive of industry, and during the entire year employs a large force of 
men and women in the manufacture and distribution of its products. 

Silk manufacturing in North Hudson is conducted along more humane 
lines than it is in some other parts of the country. Manufacturers here 
believe the workers have rights which the employers are bound to respect. 
This is particularly true in the Schwarzenbach-Huber plant, which, although 
it played a prominent part in the last great strike in the silk industry, was 
forced to do so. not because the employees were dissatisfied, but because 
they had been led to believe that the success of the strike in Paterson 
depended upon the paralysis of the industry here. 

The Schwarzenbach-Huber plant is a model one. There is plenty of 
light, air and ventilation. Every precaution is taken to preserve the health 
of the employees as far as the details of the industry will permit. The men 
and women are not herded in the shop like sheep, and wherever it has been 
possible for one machine to do work with fewer attendants that has been 
done. This has not been found to be a short-sighted policy for the reason 
that where the work can be done with fewer employees the air is better, 
the employees are more wide awake, there are fewer accidents and less 
miserv than where the workers are crowded together in small space with 
little breathing and working room. 

Everything about the big mill is designed on the safety first idea. Espe- 
cially is this true in the precautions that have been taken against fire. While 
every floor is equipped with automatic sprinklers, there is also a trained fire 
department, fully equipped with hose, hook and ladder, etc., for quick work 
in the case of conflagration. Every man of the fire department knows his 
post in case of fire, and there is little likelihood of any conflagration gaining 
much headway at any time when the men are at work. 

It is a policy of the company to keep the mills going the entire year, 
except such time as is necessary for stock taking, if possible. There are 
seasons of the year when ordinary work is slack, when to keep the mills 
running means the investment of large capital without adequate returns 
for the time being, when the mills are run at a positive loss because money 
which is handed out in wages and salaries would be drawing interest if 
allowed to accumulate in bank, but the managers recognize the fact that to 
keep good employees they must keep them engaged, and that the workers 
have to live throughout the year, the only means of subsistence being the 
wages they receive. 

There is an organization at the Schwarzenbach-Huber Company plant 
such as would be hard to duplicate in any place run along lines "of less 
efficiency. It is the efifort of the managers to keep this organization intact. 
To do_ this they must keep fairly steady employment. So thev have men 
designing novelties in the silk goods fine. These novelties are manufac- 
tured and pushed upon the market. It is true of the companv that the 
most of these novelties are accepted by the public and find a readv sale. 
This shows a remarkable grasp of public opinion. 

Visitors interested in the process of silk making are made welcome at 
the plant and are shown around by courteous men employed for that pur- 
pose. Many visitors have said that a visit to the plant was interesting, not 
alone from the class of goods manufactured, but from the fact there is kept 
a high class of workers who are as courteous to the visitor as it is possible 
for them to be and keep their work in hand. 


1. $c H. §fmon (Ho. 


1,\\.\^S i)t absorbing- interest to North lliulson is the development 
of tlu' silk niannt'actnring- l)usiness, in whirli the R. & H. Simon 

C'l inii)an\' ( if L'ni( m I Ml 


i'^aston, Penn., has ])la}c(l an important 
u-Avi. Iliis lirni is among the most progTessive and largest employers of 
labor in Union Mill, and as sneh has been an imjiortant faetor in the indus- 
trial de\elo])nu'nt of that town. It employs at the ])resent time, and has 
emjiloycd eonstantiv for the i)ast several years, an average of 2,500 people. 
A \isit to the faetorv. a survey of its produets and a study of industrial 
conditions there alone can give an ade([uate idea of the immensity of th';- 

The \ariety of the work turned otit at this establishment is in itself 
marvellous. Here dress silks, ribbons, lining silks, tie silks and velvets all manufactured under one roof. The ribbons, silks and velvets are sold 
under the trade name "Regatta," and they ha\e attained an enxiable reputa- 
tion on the market which makes them always in demand. The taken to 
have the best efforts of every employe engaged in each particular line put 
into the goods manufactured is responsible for the excellence of the ])roducts. 

The R. & 11. Simon Lo. factt)ry is a model one in every respect. F.very 
care has been taken to make the empk)yes comfortable in their work. From 
the heads of the concern down to the office boys, every courtesy is demanded 
and enforced. The casual visitor is at once impressed with the refinel 
atmos})here of the place, wdiich extends into every department. The firm 
has alvvavs endeavored to em])loy only the highest class of skilled labor, 
and the sloxenU workman has no place on the payroll. Much care is 
taken with learners, and their instruction is alwa^'s in the hands of experi- 
enced, careful and competent workers. By this method a splendid organ- 
ization of silk-makers has been ])erfected, each taking an interest in his or 
her work which \V(nild hardly be possible under other conditions. 

( )niccrs of the R. tK: II. .Simon Company are: K. M. Simon, i)residenl: 
Charles W. Aluller, \ice-president ; k^gon Ebert, second vice-president and 
treasurer; (]. I>ixler, secretary. All are public spirited and always ready to 
help in anxthing which makes for the lietterment of North Hudson. .Such 
firms and such men as this are creditable to any community and deserve 
liie-hest commendation. 

Srtltna & Bthvim 

AM( )\(i the loiemost uiauufacturLTs of broadsilk in North Hudson is the 
tirni of IvLMlino ^: Schoon. Hackcnsack plankroad. l)etween Palisade 
and Clinton axcnncs. West llohoken. This is among the most im- 
l)orlant of North Hudson industries, the hrm employing in its West Hoboken 
mill from 500 to 550 hands the year around and the aggregate payroll amount- 
ing to some $300,000 annually. 

iJesides the West llohoken mill the firm also operates the Petersburg 
silk mill at Scranton. Pa., and the Penikees mills at \ alley Falls, R. I. But 
it is of the West llohoken mills that detailed mention is here made. The 
members n\ the linn are Joseph I.. Peiling and Carl Schoen. The firm was 
established in 1893 under the name of Reiling, David & Schoen. but it was 
changed in 1908 to its present name. All classes of broadsilk are made here, 
including tie goods, dress goods, dress trimming, etc. 

Generally the work in silk mills is dependent upon fashions and seasons 
because the manufacture of these goods is thus dependent, but Reiling & 
Schoen have established a reputation of keeping help engaged the year round. 
The firm anticipates demand by creating and manufacturing novelties. It 
eniplo\ s a large staff of designers and ])roduces original designs in fabrics 
which vie with and often surpass imported silks. The capacity of the local 
mill is T. 000,000 yards of broadsilk goods a year, while the total capacity of 
all the mills operated by the firm is 3,500.000 yards. 

In the local mill the motto of the firm for all emi)lo}'ees has been "safety 
first." To this end the mill has a complete fire department of two companies 
of tvventv-two men each. It has an equipment capable of throwing three 
one and one-eighth inch streams over the roof of a five-story building at the 
rate of 750 gallons per minute. There is also a complete automatic sprinkling 
department, which, in case of extensive fire, would effectnallv check the spread 
of the tiames. 'Jdiere is an underground reservoir with a capacity of 100.000 
gallons for the use of the fire companies at any time they may be called into 
action. .\mi)le fire escape facilities, in accordance wnth the latest require- 
ments and regulations of the State De])artiuent of Labor have been recentlv 
constructed and installed. 

Both Messrs. Reiling & Schoen have been prominent in furthering the 
industrial interest of silk goods manufacturers throughout the countrv. Mr. 
Schoen was foremost in the formation of the United States Conditioning and 
Testing Company, of which he is a director. This companv is a mutual 
undertaking and is the final arbiter in controversies over grades and con- 
ditions of raw silk. Every concern in the manufacture of silk goods recog- 
nizes its status and virtually all silk manufacturing concerns utilize ilis 
facilities for making their tests. 

Mr. Reiling is a ])rominent member i)f the Silk Association of America 
and two years ago made an exhaustive report regarding tie silks, which 
showed his thorough understanding of the subiect of silk manufacturing 
throughout the country. In this rei)ort he touched upon the problem of costs 
and prices which aff'ect every manufacturer, scored the ridiculouslv low prices 
at which some firms put their goods upon the market and said that if everv 
manufacturer would Iku'c enough moral courage to refuse a few orders at 
the prices prevalent at that time, prices could ea.silv be raised to a basis where 
Hie mdustry would receive the returns to which it is entitled. 

At the time of this report the knit tie and tubular tie wet'e in vogue and 
tins. It was stated, had reduced the demand for tie silks bv about thirtv per 
cent. Ihe rei)ort ].redicted the early abandonment of the knit and tubular 
tie as a tashi.mable adjunct to the refined wardrobe and this prediction has 
been so completely borne out that the demand for tie silks during the past 
year has been i)erhai)s the greatest in the annals of the silk industry 


/.gW\' all the Ijusiiifss instiuuiuiis in XurUi Jliulsuu lume is more important 
lltj than the Rol)ert Reiner Importing Company, the largest importer and 
^-^ distributor of embroidery machines in the United States. The main 
factory is located at 556-562 Gregory avenue, corner llackensack plankroad. 
W'eehawken, and here not only are found a wonderful array of the \'ogtlan- 
dische shuttle embroidery machines, of which the company is the sole agent 
in America, but repairs are also made and i)arts furnished and manufactured. 

Mr. iveiner. who has introduced into this country almost every machine 
used in the domestic manufacttn-e of embroidery, is firm in the belief that 
tiic ual centre of embroider\- in the world is shifting to America. Early 
in the great European international war he declared tha.t even with an early 
cessation of that conflict Euroi)eans could ne\er catch up w'th the tre- 
mendovis and growing demand on this side of the Atlantic. 

Mr. Reiner announces that his com])any is a.m])l\- prepared for this exiKin- 
.-ion. It has more than $100,000 worth of machines ar.d machine parts in its 
demonstrating and storage plants in Weehawken. Nt) American manufacturer 
need ^-nfTer for lack of repair parts, accessories and attachments because the 
company accumulated a large stock before the war, and can make immediate 
shi])ments at any time desired. 

The Robert Reiner Importing Comi)any"s demonstrating i)lant in W'ee- 
hawken is the largest vi its kind in the world. It was erected solely to show 
what ihe N'ogtland machine will do. I'rosijcctive purchasers may- here 
actually test a machir.e before buying and actually see their own work being 
made up into the finished article. l>esides demonstrating, this part of the 
Keiner plant ser\'es as a show room for the many machines ready for immediate 

Owing to the ra])i(l expansion and to anticii)ate the growth of the domestic 
embroider}' industry, I^resident Reiner announces that his company is now 
approxiiig i)lans for the erection of another building to be located directl}' 
opposite the [)resent offices and demonstrating plant. The big structure 
recentl} erected l)y the company or, the Hackensack Plankroad has been 
sold to the American Emljroidery Manufacturing Corporation, West Hoboken. 
and the Hoagland-I^igety Co., also of that town. 

The Reiner demonstrating plant is a \eritable wonderland of science. In 
regularly soldierl}- files are seen numerous embroider\- machines represent- 
ing the latest inventions of the greatest mechanical experts. A marvel of 
ingenuit}- is the new Vogtland fifteen-yard shuttle machine, operated by a 
high-speed \^)g"tland-Zahn atttomat. This is the largest and most complete 
design of embroidery making machine e\er manufactured. It is a sotirce 
of ne\'er ending wonder to those who see it in operation. I'en-yard machines 
are also set up and working, on exhibition for all interested. 

That domestic embroidery works h:\ve already made noticeable inroads 
upon the industry abroad is shown by a recent issue of a Swiss newspaper, 
which charges that the A'ogtland machine manufacturers have seriously 
■njured the Saxon and Swiss embroidery industries by the importation of 
machines to this cottntry. Switzerland has long been the acknowledged 
c(>ntre of the European emljroidery industry, and in this complaint a great 
tribute is paid to the enterprise of American manufacturers. 

The Robert Reiner Importing Company's business is national in scope. 
Machines im})orted by this company are in daily use in various parts of 
New York, Ne\v Jersey, Pennsylvania, Illinois. Missouri, Maryland and other 
states, as well as in Canada and South America, where the embroidery industry 
has achieved any considerable proportions. 


^^y 111-' West lloliokcii Xo\clt\ aiul I'.nibroiclery Works, Jnc, has made a 
l|l held tor itself in the manufacture oi novelty embroidery in a section 
^^ which is rej^artled as an embroidery center by buyers and makers in 
all parts of the c^umiry. The ideal factory building- which houses this indus- 
try is at 811-817 Walnut street, West lioboken. Jt is owned by A. Rohner. 
who establisluHl the business December 1, h^i^. The property is looxioo 
feet, and it is the bt)ast of the owner that it is the most up-to-date embroidery 
plant in the wr>rld. It has li\ing- apartments alK)\e, which are also fitted up 
in the very latest manner. 

The concern is incorporated for $50,000. 449 of the 500 shares being 
owned b\- Mr. Rohner. who is ])resident of the corporation. Fritz Kruesi. 
who is secreta.r\- and treasurer, holds tifty shares for profit-sharing- 



sfiflfltH^ ff 

purposes. The iirm was the tirst importer t)f the fifteen-yard pantograph 
machines, manufactured in Switzerland, which have proved a great success 
from the start. 

Alfred Rohner. president, was connected with S. Galle & Co.. wholesale 
cheese importers. Xew York, as credit man iox eighteen years prior to estab- 
lishing this concern. The embroidery line is not new to him. however, he 
having been connected with that line in luirope, as wdl as in this country. 
Kruesi is the designer for the concern. He was in business on his own 
account before he made connections with ^Ir. Rohner. His services as a 
designer were much sought by embroidery manufacturers who did an exclu- 
sive business, and Mr. Rohner feels that in him he has made a splendid 
acquisition to his ci)ncern. Mr. Rohner is optimistic, and thinks the period 
of depression we are i)assing through is at the worst only temporary. ?Te 
expects a great boom in the embroidery business in the near future, and is 
receiving two fifteen-yard automatic machines from Switzerland. 


M. Ipfli 

with New \'iirk dflics at 1133 Broad- 
is a nali\e of St. Gall, 

3'r IS not g-enerall} known that at least in one of the embroidery plants 
of North Htulson every care is taken to make the ])ruducts equal in 
every respect to those of St. (lall, the recognized European centre of 
embroidery excellence. Reference is made to the plant of M. liefti. 381-38? 
Summit Avenue, West Iloboken, M. . 
way. N. ^'. C ity. 

Mr. Ilefti iia.s o])erated this ])lant since 1909. lie 
and in c-ommon with most youn.^' men of district, was apprenticed to an 
embroider}- manufacturer. 

\\ hile Act a \oung man he became general manat^er of an embroidery 
factory with an interest in the concei-n. In this ])osiiioii he visited the luiglish 
and h'rench markets with acknowledged success. 

Subse(iuentlv he came to America as representative of St. Gall manu- 
facturers, visiting- n-iost of the large trade centres east of the Mississippi of 
United States and Canada, repeating his success obtained in 
mai-kets. W hen he decided to start in business himself, he Ikk 
ill obtaining audiences froni the largest buyers. 

It is generally conceded that any goods bearing the UMFTi trade mark 
of the best. He operates a number of the new automatic machines, which 

the English 
1 little difficulty 


ha\e set a new standard for uniform and perfect work. The working people 
ni his factory are of the best obtainable, and are paid liberal wages accord- 
ingly. The factory itself is considered a model in regard to light, cleanliness 
and ])erfect sanitary arrangements. Mr. Hefti champions quality in work 
and ])attern. because he asserts this to l)e the only way to develop the em- 
broidery industry on healthy, substantial lines, creating a more steady, all 
the year around demand for domestic embroideries. 

We believe his success to be the best proof of the cfjrrectness of his 

/ D 

3. p. mauijai iu^itty Qlompana 

AAlONCi the young-er ami nmrt' ])r(igres,sive Inisinesses of North Hudson 
is that of the F. V. AIau])ai Dyeing Company, at 620-628 Thirteenth 
street, W est Xew >'ork. Tliis company was established April i, 1913. 
employs hfty people and has a capital of $15,000. Its business is that of 
dyeing artificial and natural silk of domestic manufacttire only. 

This com])any is the (jutgrowth of the hrm of Sehmitt & Maupai, whicii 
was started in 1889 at 2;-^2 East Forty-third street, New York. This partner- 
ship was dissoh'ed in April, 1894. In November of the same vear F. P. 
Maui)a.i again began business, this time at 585 Hudson street, New York, 
and in 1905 it became necessary to move into larger quarters. The firm then 
mo\ed to 616-618 West Forty-fourth street. New York, where it continued 
until the organization of the present company. 

h'or a long time Mr. Maupai had kept his eye on North Hudson. He 
knew there was an extensive field for his endeavors here. When the com- 
pany was organized it settled in \\'est New York, where it is the intention 
lo remain. Principal patrons of the company are local silk mills. 

Officers of the company are: President and treasurer, F. P. Matipai ; vice- 
])resident, E. L. Maupai. 

In this connection may be mentioned the progress of F. P. Maupai, 
founder of the company. He came to America thirty-one years ago, and 
was taught the dyeing l)usiness by an old and experienced German dyer in 
Jersey City. He later worked in, Philadelphia. He came to New York in 
1887, worked in the best dye houses there and established himself in l)usiness. 
as stated, in 1889. 

His son, E. L. Maupai, learned his trade in Germany, Switzerland and. 
France. The company has American, I^^nglish, Belgian and German patents 
for blending artificial silks and special methods for.dveing the same. 



BcUmnn Urank lUrarkcru (JLampanj! 

IS not g-ciicr;i.ll\ kimwii thai in Xorth Hudson is located one of the 
most important textili' indn^liMcs outside of silk manufacture in the 
countrw ^'e^ this i> ihe case, tlie concern l)eing- the Ijellmau Brook 
r.leacherv (.'ompanN at h'airview. 'Idle l)usiness can-ied on \>y this company 
includes the bleachini;-, nierceiM/.int;-, dyeing- and linishing ot cotton goods in 
ihe i)iece. Its operations are so extensixe that it recpiires the assistance of 
2J5 emplo_\-ees. Tluiidreds of thousands of dollars worth of cotton goods 
are handled in the course- of a yeai' and ihe l)leacher_\- is one ol the busy hives 
of industr\- in ihe counl\, which, because of ils localioii. is hidden troni the 
( irdinary obser\er. 

The i)lant occujjied b\ the L>ellman 15rook l>leachery Ccunpany is a large 
(inc. It is just oti' the ilackensack IMankroa.d in Fairview. Many who travel 
this road b\- trolley, auto or other means ha\e woiidei-ed what the big i)lant 
was and what was done there. If they ha])i)ened to be about at the time ol 
o])ening or closing the mills the\- saw an a.rm_\- of workmen such as the}' 
supposed could hardly exist outside of the big cities or more tliickl}' settled 

The IJellman iirook lileachery C'om])any was organized in 1905. It laid 
its base of ojjerations along the little known Bellman Brook in Fair\iew, 
from which brook it takes its name. The concern is capitalizefl for $400,000. 
The stock is principally owned by its officers, who are all acti\el}- interested 
in the conduct of the business of the plant. These officers are: President, 
llenjamin I. Ward; treasurer, (leorge \^an Keuren ; secretary, H. W. Beecher. 
These gentlemen are all well known in the lousiness world. 

It is mostl}' because of the fact that their work is done for the trade and 
general adx'ertising has not been retpiired that so little is known of the firm 
outside of its own particular working ground in lludsim County. .Vmong 
cotton goods mantifacturers the firm is known far and witle. It is said that 
its i)rocesses for the work for which the compain- was organized are among 
the most adx'anced in the entire countrw This must be so because the com- 
pain- has the work of so man\- manufa.cturers of cotton goods to finish. 

(Enlutttbta ^tlk Su^iug Murks 

3N none of the bigger concerns of the kind in the country is more care 
or pride taken in the work than that done by the Columbia Silk Dyeing 
Works of 316 Barclay street. West Hoboken. As a consequence the 
work of the concern has grown to splendid proportions since the erection of 
the plant a few vears ago. A good deal of the silk made in North Hudson 
is dyed at this plant, and there are also customers from other points where 
silk is made. 

The Columbia Silk Dyeing Works is splendidly equipped for the dyeing 
of silks of all kinds. The plant is not so large that a certain formula is used 
for big batches, trusting to the quality of the goods to take the colors properly. 
Every piece of goods brought to these works is examined carefully with a 
view to seeing how best it can be treated to obtain desired results. 

Because of this great care the silk dyed here is generally recognized among 
silk manufacturers as being dyed the best that skill and science can devise. 
Some manufacturers believe it necessary to give the dyers instructions in 
their work, but those who deal with the Columbia people know that such 
instructions are not necessarv there. 


■^jrTTF. Jersey City Poster Advertising Company was established in 1857 
ifl, l)y A. P. Rikeman, who was succeeded by Rikeman & O'AIealia, and 
^^ later was incorporated as The Jersey City Billposting, Display Adver- 
tising- and Sign Company, with James F. 0"Mealia as president and H. F. 
( )'Mealia as secretary. Later the name was changed to The Jersey City Poster 
Advertising Company. The Imsiness extends throughout Hudson Count}, 
with connections over the entire State of New Jersey. The connections also 
enal)le the C()m])an\- to cover the entire United States. Canada. Cuba. Haw'aii 
and the Philipi>ines. 

The company advertises Jersey City as "The Gateway to New York." 
and claims to have the greatest railroad showings in the world. In all its 
a(hertising matter, sent broadcast throughout the United States, it always 
endeavors to boom Jersey City. It owns 1500 large bulletins and billboards 
with a covering surface of 100,000 square feet. 

The allied companies include the Jersey Cit}-. North Hudson, Bayonne. 
Hoboken. Hackensack, Monmouth, Asbury Park and Paterson Poster Ad- 
vertising Comj)anies, and cover all trunk line railroads and terminals, all 
suburban railroads and terminals, all ferries to New York City from Jersey 
City, all large cities, all connecting trolley lines, the counties having the 
largest i)opula.tion in the State and the most prosperous towns with more 
than half the population of New Jersey. 

The company is in the metropolitan district. The farthest town is 
within forty-live minutes from Broadw-ay. More people reside in this 
district who do Imsiness in New York City than reside in New York City 

The railroad showing covers the Pennsylvania. Erie, Central of New 
Jersev. \\'est Shore and Lackawanna Railroads and their connecting lines, 
the Baltimore and Ohio, Philadelphia and Reading, Lehigh N'alley. New 
York. Ontario and ^^'estern. Susquehanna. Morris and Essex, Newark and 
New York. New York and Long Branch, Northern of New Jersev, New 
jersev and New York, and New York and (greenwood Lake Railroads. 

The billboards are all in prominent locations on boulevards, principal 
thoroughfares and drives and on trollev lines leading to all ferries to New 
York City. Brookl}n. Staten Island, Newark and subtirbs. Rtitherford. Pas- 
saic and Paterson. The population of this territory is composed of pros- 
])erotis. well-to-do people who appreciate billboard advertising. 

The company does hotise-to-hotise distribtiting. A regtilar force of 
distributors w^orks tinder the personal su])ervision of experienced foremen. 

It is a sign painter, and its l^tilletins are displayed in equally good posi- 
tions as its bill])oards. It employs only first-class painters. 

The cities and towns, with railroad showings, covered bv the allied 
companies, follow^: Jersey City District. — Jersey City. Bayonne, \Vest Ho- 
boken. A\"est New^ York. Union Hill. ( iuttenberg. W'eehawken, Homestead. 
New Durham. Tyler Park and Secaucus. Hoboken District. — Hoboken. 
Hackensack District. — Hackensack, Englewood, Fort Lee, Hasbrouck 
Heights, Kingsland. Leonia. Little Ferry, Lodi. Lyndhurst, Bogota, Carl- 
stadt. Cherry Hill. Coytesville. East Rutherford. Edgew-ater, ']\Iaywood. 
Grantwood, Palisades Park, Ridgefield Park, Ridgefield, Tenaflv. Teaneck, 
Westwood and Fairview. Key])ort District. — Keyport and Matawan. As- 
bury Park District.^Asbury Park. Ocean Grove. Bradley Beach. Avon. 
Belmar, Spring Lake, Point Pleasant, Como, Sea Girt. Manasquan. Allen- 
hurst and Tom's River. 

James F. O'Mealia. present owner, is one of the best-known men in 
Jersey City. He is a leading member of the B. P. O. E. He is a hundred- 
point man in anything he undertakes. He acts his thought, and thinks little of 
the act. This has been ably demonstrated by the remarkable progress of 
the company. He is a member of the lersev Citv Chamber of Commerce. 



3nii^pruiiinit ICIamp auit Wm (fin. 


,M().\(i the larger manu- 
farturiii^- pl.-mts of North 
I luilsim IS that of the In- 
(k'])rn(lriit Lain;) and Wire Co. 
In.-., at 33'')-53cS (;regory Ave- 
nnc. \\\ (.■hawkeri. This com- 
]:'an\-. (jrganized and incorporated 
nndcr the hiws of Xew Jersey 
in njij, conchicts two factories, 
one at ^'ork, I'a., and the other 
here. Tlie company is incor- 
porated for ^1,703,000, employs 
in its local plant 300 people, and 
has sa'e offices in all the large 
cities of the country. 

In the Weehawken branch 
; re manufactured drawn wire 
Tungsten lam])s for train lighl- 
ing, automobile head lights, 
and the !\'gular l:inips illumination of buildings. At York, Pa., 
asbestos insulated magnet wire for electrical machiner\-, field and armature coils 
are made. The Weehawken brancb was formerly the i>lant of the Heany Lamp 
Co., which business was taken over b\ the nev\- company. 

Some of the largest steam anil electric railroads, also leading manufactur- 
ing industries, use the products of this company, which speaks for their high class. 
Instead of spending large sums for advertising it has been the ]^olicy of the 
])resident, .Xathan. llofheimer, to ])a\- high salaries anrl wages, thus insuring 
the best ])roducts. Under his management and that of ( ieneral Manager 1)'". 
A. |. Liebmann a splendid engineering organization has been built up. 

( )fficers of the company, besides those mentioned, are: vice-president, E. 
R. Campbell; secretar} . R. 15. Dana; treasurer, R. K. 1 )ana. The directors 
are: Xathan Hofheimer, F. 1'. Stewj'rt, Lester llofheimer, C W. Dewev and 
\\. R. Cami)bell. 

signs, etc 


Amrrirau iCrafi l^nxnl (Enmpany 

^r HE factory of the American Lead Pencil Company, located at Fifth, 
l|L Clinton, (irand streets, and Willow avenue, is the oldest factory in 
^^ the United States, manufactin-ing a complete lead pencil. It was estab- 
lished alidut the year i860, and comprised at that time, one small building, 
located on the corner of Fifth and Clinton streets, which still stands, and is 
known as Building No. i. Since that time the growth of the factory has 
been a steady one, until at this time Building No. 21 is being erected. 

As the business grew from a comparatively small beginning, so has the 
number of em])loyees. At this date there are employed by the company 
over 2,000 people. 

In addition to the manufacture of complete lead pencils, they also manu- 
facture penholders, rubber erasers, rubber bands, compasses, and kindred 
novelties. All these goods are subdivided into many styles and classes — 
for instance, there are manufactured in the Hoboken factory alone, over 500 
different grades, classes and styles of black lead pencils, ranging from the 
ordinary kind to the very finest made an\\vhere in the world, namely, the 
'A'enns" Pencil. 

The graphite for these pencils comes chiefly from Bohemia and Mexico, 
the clay also from Bohemia, and the cedar from the company's forests in 
Tennessee and other Southwestern states. The rubber used for rubber tips 
on pencils, rubber erasers, and rubber bands, comes chiefly from Brazil. The 
graphite, clay, cedar and rubber are all received at Hoboken in the raw or 
natural state, and the complete work of manufacture of the lead pencils from 
their very inception, is done in the numerous departments of the company's 

■ The crowning victory of the products of the American Lead Pencil Com- 
pany Hoboken factory was the introduction of the 'A^ENUS" Pencil, which 
today holds first place in pencildom the world over. No other American 
manufacturer has a pencil like it. It is made in seventeen different degrees — 
from the very softest to the very hardest known — as well as two copying 

In addition to the large factory at Hoboken, the American Lead Pencil 
Company has oflices in Europe, four lumber mills in the South and South- 
west, and a factory in London, England, where certain European wants arc 
taken care of. 


Hrrntau 01. S>trtnhnff 

^■r ( ) Hermann C. Steinhoff. whose hot houses and place of business are at 
i|L 5/8 Hudson Boulevard. West Hoboken, belongs a place among- the 
^^ leading florists of North Hudson. His business is one that has been 
firmly established for many years past and one which will be conducted for 
many years to come because of its magnitude and prominence. 

Mr. Steinhoff may also be classed as a progressive florist. He is one of 
those men naturally born for the work of a florist, and if he had the capital 
and backing necessar}-. there is no (juestion that he would be the Luther 
Burbank of the fraternity of florists in this section. He is continually making 
improvements through experiments and the flowers and potted ])lants he 
raises are well known in the metropolitan markets where he has a very large 

Of course, in common with other florists. Mr. SteinhofT caters to the 
markets and to the fashions in flowers, but while doing so he does not forget 
that every little while something of a new nature in horticulture is advanced. 

A pleasant half hour may always be spent with Mr. Steinhoff when he 
is at his place of business. His one hobby is flowers and plants. He under- 
stands them thoroughly. He knows their habits. He treats them as humans. 
He nurses and pets them — and they respond to his treatment by being 
bounteous in their reproduction. He has some interesting plants and is al- 
ways willing to show them and give their history to any one interested in 
his line of work. 

&mtH Mnx 


J-^W i.^ MAX was born in Russia, 
May 15. 1864. His parents were 
Harry and Rose Max. His 
father died when Lewis was but five 
N'ears of age. He started to work as a 
mason's helper when a mere bo}' and 
has received no education except what 
he has learned through actual business 

He has risen to a position of prom- 
inence in Jersey City's business world, 
is well known in charitable circles, is 
a member of the (lerman Hospital 
and many other organizations and in- 
stitutions. He is j)resident of the Clinton .Amusement and Improvement 
Company and a director of the Denver Consumptive .Sanitarium. He is 
among the largest propert}- owners and realty dealers in Jersev Citv. 

\\ hen Mr. Max arri\e(l in America he settled in Jersey Citv and secured 
work as a glazier on a large farm. Since then his progress has been remark- 
able, the more so because he has always been a liberal man. and any charitable 
movement of any im])ortance will usually find him a supporter. 

He has bulit up a l)ig business in glass at 52-56 Greene street, and nine 
\ears ago he purchased the old \'reeland estate on Bergen avenue, Jersey 
City, and has converted it into a handsome home. His work is found in 
many large buildings in Xew York and throughout the country. 

Besides his own he has raised two families, one his brother's and one 
his sister's, who both died while the children were young. There has never 
been anv distinction between these and his own children and thev vet dwell 

together in perfect harmonv. 

His hobby is his home. 

(gariiufi- Si MitkB (Eo. 

Sill': hislury of the (iardiKT ^: Meeks C()iiii)any. retail dealer in lum])er. 
is wdrthy of much more extensive space than can be given it in a work 
>uch a> ihis. I'oundcd in 1852, it is the second oldest concern of its 
kind in Hudson C'ounlx. Its operations have carried it through the great 
ci\il war of iS()i to i8()5, during which time it escaped the fate of so many 
enter])rises which were forced to the wall. 

From the inception of the business, which was founded by Robert (iardner. 
it has tiourished. Year after year has added to the general poi)ularity of 
the firm among ct)ntractors because satisfaction was sure by dealing with 
the concern. It has always maintained an integrity second to none in the 
count}- and that integrity is carefull}- preserved by its present officers. 

Idle main office and \ards of the compaii}- are located at Htidson avenue 
and Unit)!! street. Union Hill. Besides this there is a dock and storage yard 
at (kittenberg. At both the main yard and storage yard there is always 
a large stock of lumber coiistanth- on hand. AVhere in stressful times other 
companies have compelled patrons to wait until their orders cotild first be 
obtained, the Gardner & Meeks Company could ahvays deliver promptly any 
order left with it at any time. 

There are twenty-four employees of the firm and the}' are grouped into 
an organization of the utmost efficiencv. That is one of the strong points 
of the Gardner & Meeks Compaiiv, and it is because of efficiency in manage- 
ment and efficiency in the disposition of its w^orkmen that it has weathered 
the storms of hard times and the fair weather of business prosperity with- 
out ever once having its integrit}' impaired. 

AA'hen it was organized the office of the company was in Idoboken. 
but it was later moved to Union Idill and it has been at its ])resent loca- 
tion for a number of years past. Being centrally located it is in a ])osition 
to give the most excellent service to its patrons, a fact wdiich is generally 
appreciated by contractors and others who w^ant lumber wdien they want 
it. Because of this fact the business has grown and is growing as probably 
no other lumber supply firm in the count\- has grown. 

At present the firm is entirel}- in the hands of the Meeks familv. Th'e 
officers are: President and treasurer, Hamilton \". Meeks; vice-]M-esident. 
Clarence (r. Meeks; secretary. Howard \'. Meeks. T^ach of the officers has 
his work cut out for him and strict performance of that \vork is re(|uircd. 

The meml)ers of the firm are live, wide-awake citizens. They are all in- 
terested in town betterments and municipal improvements. Hamilton V. 
Meeks has been A'ice-president of the Hudson Trust Company since its organi- 
zation. He is a member of the board of trustees of that financial institution. 
He has been president of the New Jersey Lumbermen's Protective Associa- 
tion. He is foremost in many projects for the improvement of the commun- 
ity. He has never dabbled in politics for his own aggrandizement, but he 
has ahvays taken a keen interest in good gcivernment, in county, state and 

Clarence G. Meeks is a member of the board of managers of the Hoboken 
Bank for -Savings, the only strictly savings bank in the countv. He is a 
trustee of the New Jersey Uumbermen's Protective Association.' He is also 
keenly alive to the benefits of good government and his influence is alwavs 
found on the side of what he believes to be right in political affairs. To' a 
large degree he is independent and progressive, which fact is echoed in the 
business of the (Gardner & Meeks Companv. 

Financially the Gardner & Meeks Company is one of the soundest firms 
in the country. It has extensive dealings throughout the big lumber pro- 
ducing regions and an order from the concern is regarded as "good as gold" 
by lumbermen generally. 


(jlliarba WHm 


HARLKS WEHER, who conducts a 
window shade and picture frame 
manufacturing Inisiness vvitli a splen- 
(hd and ever growing patronage at 612 
Washington Street, llohoken, was born in 
New York City. March 29. 1859. His edu- 
cation was hmitcrl and while yet a boy he 
learned the trade of lithographic printer. 
On August 29, 1892, he established his pre- 
sent business at 518 Washington Street. 
On May i, 1912, it had grown to such 
large proportions that it was necessary to 
seek larger quarters. 

Mr. Weber is one of those men one has 
to know tf) like. The more one knows him 
the better he is liked. He "wears well," as 
the saying goes, and friends Tie has made 
during his long career as an honorable busi- 
ness man are lasting friends. He is a lover 
of art and good books and is never so 
hr!]ip\- as wdien he can rest from his busi- 
ness cares and indulge in the enjoyment of these two hobbies. 

He is always ready to participate in a movement for the betterment of 
his town and its conditions. He is a member of the Board of Trade and be- 
lieves the city would be better if all the members lived up to the ideals of that 
organization, lie believes in ])ractical charit\- and is a member of Hoboken 
Lodge, Xo. 74, B. P. O. E., because there he can exercise his charitable in- 
clinations in an unobtrusive way. He does not care to have his name shouted 
from the housetops and prefers honest service to his patrons to pandering 
])u])licity. 1 le regards photograph}- as one of the highest forms of art and is 
an ardent member of the Hoboken Camera Club. He has some splendid 
photographic studies of his own work in this direction. 


(great Atlanttr mis JJarifir €ca (Hompauy 

/•<t\ 1' '^'-'- ^'i^' concerns doing business in Hudson County today none is 
(||j i)rominent than the Creat AtUmtic and Pacific Tea Company. 
^^ lis stores are scattered throughout the county in places most con- 
venient for thrifty housewives, and it does a general grocery business on a 
mao-nificent scale' which permits buving at prices so comparatively small to 
those charged bv individual grocers that the stores of the company are always 
welcomecrin anV community and always largely patronized. 

This l)usincss was organized in i'859. as the Great Atlantic Tea Com- 
pany. It was the first of the great companies doing a grocery business to 
become its own jobber to its many branches. Since organization its success 
compelled manv imitators and now combinations such as this are quite 
common, but it is n(-.table that the company has always kept in the vanguard 
of low prices to the consumer and with comparatively small publicity has 
growat to its present mammoth proportions. 

The companv is under the control and management of the well known 
Hartford familv.' The ofiicers are: President, George H. Hartford; vice- 
president. John A. Hartford; secretary. Edward A'. Hartford; treasurer. 
George L. Hartford. The capital of the company is $2,100,000. all paid in. 
None*' of the stock is for sale. In Hudson county alone there are about 
employees, and one of its jobbing branches for the distribution of merchan- 
dise among its various stores in this vicinity is located in Jersey City. 

To keep the prices down and the quality up has ahvays been the one aim 
of the companv. To this has been added a general efficiency and courtesy 
which make it a pleasure to shop at the company stores. In central locations 
wdiere its stores are established there are jobbing houses. These operate to 
keep down expenses much better than if there was but one jobbing house, 
shipping its goods to all parts of the country. The groceries the company 
handles are shipped direct from the factory to these jobbing houses and from 
them are distributed to the stores supplied by jobbing branches in so sys- 
tematic a manner that the superintendent of each district can always know 
at a glance just what is needed in the various stores in his jurisdiction. The 
teas are imported direct from the company's own plantations. These are 
distributed to the jobl)ing houses and again to the retail branches as occasion 

^^'ith such an extensive organization and one central house buying for 
all, it is possible to buy at much closer margins than individual grocers can 
buv. With such gigantic operations the margin of profit in each store is 
kept much smaller than in individual enterprises. AX'ith its own jobbing 
houses the company is enabled to cut out the middleman's profit. With all 
these factors working together the company can. and does, make the cost to 
the consumer, appreciably less than the individual storekeeper could do and 

The companv maintains a splendid publicitv organization. Its advertising 
covers a large area, as practically the same prices prevail everywhere the company 
operates. The cost of advertising is large, but it is made infinitely small for each 
individual store because the prices quoted include those offered at all the stores. 
In this manner the cost of advertising is so infinitely small that it does not have 
to be reckoned in the cost and profits of goods bought and sold. 

Buying, distributing and selling is carried on so efficiently that there is a 
minimum of cost in every department. Tliis also operates to keep down the 
selling price of staple and fancy groceries, teas and coffees. The farm and dairy 
products are handled so that only the best at the very lowest prices are oft'ered 
patrons of the company. Everywhere a strict system of inspection is in vogue 
to see that nothing but first-class products are sent to the jobbing department for 
distribution among the retailers. 


3lam?fi UJrQIaftVry 

^^AMKS McCAFFERY, who conducts a model bakery at 131 Monticello 
II avenue, Jersey City, is one of those men who has realized that business 
^-^ conditions and ideals ha\c changed and in no business more so than in 
the preparation of bakestuft's for the community served by him. 

His bakeshoj) is all that is claimed for it. It is entirelv above i^Tound. 
is s])lendidlv ventilated, is operated by men whose spick and span cleanliness 
is tile comment of hundreds of visitors who have inspected his shop. Every 
utensil is kept shinin*^ and and there is none of that repeated baking without 
washing of various batches in one utensil so common among the bakers of 
a few }ears ago. 

Among the inno\ation> in the modern bakery is an electric mixer ma- 
nipulating as much flour and dough as a thousand bakers with ten thousand 
wooden spoons could accomplisli a few years ago. Machinery vibrating to 
the sliglitest ])ush of an electric button, is doing the work much better, 
cheaper atid in a more sanitary manner than ever was dreamed of by the old 
time baker of but a few years ago. 

The progressive bakers, of whom McCaffery occupies a prominent place, 
have brought together two essential factors for the success of business in- 
telligence and labor with a result that they occupy a position among the 
foremost business men of the county. They bake bread that is plain and 
wholesome and cake made with i)ure flour, fresh eggs and genuine extract 

McCafi^ery is among those bakers who \-oluntarily spend thousands of 
dollars in machinery and clean surroundings, insuring the ])ul)lic bread and 
cake untouched by human hands in its preparation because thev realize that 
it is by this method that they will win the confidence of the public in their 
various enter])rises. The boss baker of today, and more especially Mr. 
McCaft'ery, is a business man. as well as bakers. They sit in their offices 
managing their businesses and they see to it that among their workmen there 
is none of the perspiration and grime with dough and flour clinging to them 
as was the case a few vears ago. 


Amman & l^ttBmx 

0^ HE FIRM of Animou & Person, founded in 1891 ))y W". E. Amnion and 
/fl W'm. Person, has done more, perhaps, to popularize the use of butterine 
^^ (official name (ileomargarine) than any other manufacturer and handler 
of this product in this country, if not in the entire world. 

From its incei)tit)n the tirm of Amnion & Person began the education of 
the public in ihe processes which go to make up this product now so ex- 
tensiveh- used as a substitute for ])Utter. They showed how by sanitary 
manufacture a product even more clean and wholesome and altogether better 
for human consuniptitMi than ordinary butter could be obtained at a much 
less cost to the consumer. The one product during all this time of this firm 
has been handled under the copyrighted name of Baby Brand Butterine. 
Done up in neat and attractive packages thi-^ product has attained a remark- 
able sale throughout the East. 

Some seventy-five employees are necessary to turn out the demanded 
product of Baby Brand Butterine at the present time. The firm is capitalized 
at $100,000.00, all paid up. None of the stock is for sale and the corporation 
is a close one, the business was incorporated in 1908. The officers of the 
corporation are: President, J. J. Baumann ; vice-president, C. D. Boyd; sec- 
retary and treasurer, D. \'an Ness Person. 

The office and warehouse of the company are at Fourth and Henderson 
streets, jersev Citv, and the factories are located in Columbus, (3., and 
Chicago, 111. Here, under special sanitary conditions Baby Brand 
Butterine is churned. There is no secret in the process of manufacture. 
A'isitors are welcome and shown through the plant at any time. The most 
cleanly conditions prevail. The workmen must all be cleanly dressed and 
their hands and persons must be scrupulously clean. Only the best and 
purest of l)utter oils and fats are used in the manufacture. The finished 
product is moulded in oblong bars and neatly wrapped in waxed paper, 
placed in an attractive carton and carried to the refrigerating plant where it 
is kept awaiting delivery. 

So popular has the use of Baby Brand Butterine become that thousands 
of dealers throughout the East handle and sell this product.- The business 
is constantly increasing and more than once the wtjrking force has had to be 
added to in order to supply the demand. By the process of manufacture as 
practiced by Amnion & Person this product is not onl_\" attractive to the eye, 
Ijut to the taste as well. Many consumers prefer it to butter. There is none 
of the flat taste which used to characterize oleomargarine when it was first 
introduced. Baby Brand Butterine is a delicacy, as well as a necessity, to 
many well ordered tables. 

Baby Brand Butterine has been recognized bv pure food experts as an 
altogether satisfactory substitute for butter because of its purity and whole- 
some ingredients. Chemical analysis has shown it to contain only recognized 
health-giving foodstuffs. Those who have used the product are loud in their 
praise of it. It has given the utmost satisfaction wherever it has been used. 

The campaign of the Amnion & Person Company has been unique. The 
company came into existence wdien butterine or oleomargarine was regarded 
as impure, unsanitary and unhealthy. Through persistence in manufacture 
and insistent publicity it has lifted its product to a level where it is higlilv 
respected as a foodstuft' of the first quality. Of course, not everyone care's 
to use butterine. l)ut it is no longer objected to on the ground of impurity or 
unhealthiness. Those who are conversant with its manufacture regard it 
as almost as perfect a dairy product as natural butter, and unless the butter 
be of the first quality as even superior to it. for butterine is made by an 
unvarying formula which insures uniformity of taste, puritv and wholesome- 
ness, attributes which are never certain in the most careful manufacture of 
natural butter. 


iF. Uinzmauu 

A\lSri' to the hakcry conducted l)y \\ W'ciziiiann at 402-406 Hoboken 
avenue, Jersey City, is a revelation to those who ha\e never seen the 
inside of a modern bakery. In the old time bakcshops, the scene was 
one wliich disi^aisted the man who was particular as to what he ate. Bakers 
in dirt\- aprons, perspiring- freely and with underclothes which reeked with 
Fdth, kneaded the doug-h for bread and cake and performed the necessary 
operations for the preparation of bakestuffs. These were then baked in tins, 
swabbed with foul smellinj^ grease and stacked up by hand in dirty places, 
to be delivered for consumption. 

Tt)da\- all this is changed. Men are attired in the cleanest of aprons. 
Their underclothing- is clean, 'i'heir hands are washed. They are not re- 
quired to touch the breadstulTs ])y hand. Doughs are thoroughly mixed, cut 
into loaves and tinned by machinery. They are placed in the oven in a 
sanitary manner and when removed, are ])ut in the cleanest spots imaginable 
and there kept in a purely sanitary manner for delivery. 

Tills transformation is found in the W'eizmann bakery. Instead of being 
an underground shoj), it is all above ground. Inhere is ])lentv of air, light and 
ventilation. Anyone may see the interior workings of the ])lace, and visitors 
are welcome. The very sight of the careful cleanhness gives one an aj^petite 
for foodstuffs as they are now baked. Even tlie wagons are thoroughly 
cleansed before each trip. The l^reak and cake ai-e carefully packed. There 
is none of the hit-and-miss style of baking and delivering which existed but 
a few years ago. 

Men of W'eizmann's stamp are res])(insible for the changed condition of 
affairs. He has gone ahead and built his bakery along the most approved 
modern lines, has made it a model bakery. He has not made much of a stir 
about doing so, but one may rest assured that foodstuffs coming from Weiz- 
mann's are baked, j^acked and delivered under the most sanitar\- conditions 


SlinmaH 31. i^t^iuart (He 3m. 

^Vf NDOUBTEDLY the largest and most progressive business of its kind in 
4fl Hudson County is that of tlie Thomas J. Stewart Company, Inc., at Erie 
■^^ and I-'ifth Streets, jersey City. This is a combination warehouse and car- 
pet cleaning business estabhshed b\- Thomas j. Stewart in 1879. I-'rom its incep- 
tion the business has steadily grown luaking necessary increased storage and 
cleaning facilities. Today the business occupies a six-story building. 60x60 feet 
two wings. 20x60 feet and 20x100 feet respectively. There is also a branch at 
liroadway and Forty-sixth Street. .\ew York Cit}-. 

.Mr. Stewart was the originator of the storage warehouse and mcjving van 
business in Jersey City. The success of his enterprise is due to business ef- 
ficiency, rugged horiesty. and an earnest desire to give patrons full value for 
ever\ dollar exjiended. It is a business which has grown because of the sterling 
character of the nuin behind U and i> fi-undecl firmly l)ecause builded well. 

Tile im])ro\ed building of tlie Thomas J. Stewart Company represent-: a 
tribtUe to nearly half a century of honest endeavor and good, hard, well directed 
work. The company has always operated under its time-honored puzzle (trade 
mark) motto. "Honesty Is the liest Policy." Every business courtesy and 
special advantage offered bv the house is extended to its patrons. There are 
no secrets in the house of Stewart. Anyone who wants to see how furniture 
and pianos are stored or how carpets, rugs and all floor covering are cleaned, 
is welcome at the establishment at any time. The building has been erected with 
a special view of facilitating the business of the company. 

The basement floors are paved with a heavy bed of cement ; dust-proof, 
rat prooi, fire-proof, and water-proof. The other floors are of the most solid 
timbers and iron, including the graceful clock tower which surmounts the 

In the basement is a powerful CcjrHss engine of a most superior make. Xo 
fire is permitted in the building or any stuoking allowed, which is so often the 
cause of fires; nor is any building better provided with means for extinguishing 
fire should any hap]:)en to break out. 

In the separate building, which is devoted to carpet cleaning, are the ma- 
chines and appliances by means of which the work of cleansing and renovating 
is done. Special machinery for India and Turkish rugs, draperies and delicately 
woven fabrics. A glance at the operation of these will convince anvbodv how 
thorough and perfect is their work. The machinery beats on the back and brush- 
es on the face, acting uniformly on every square inch of the fabric. Xo violence 
is done to the face of the carpet. 

The dust, moths, and refuse blown and driven out of the carpets are sent 
through a system of pipes and blowers into a closed room. 

The arrangements for moth-proofing ca!-pets are perfect. This is an im- 
portant consideration for those who are going away for the summer. The com- 
pany will take up \(nir carpets, clean every vestige of dirt, moths, etc., from 
them, then by a patented process, belonging onK- to the company, render them 
thoroughly moth-proof, and store them safely. Then. v\henyou want them the\- 
will be laid in the best style for you., all at reasonable cost. 

The storage business includes all kinds. The compartments are of various 
sizes. Partitions are all of iron. Each room is tightly closed, but perfectly 
ventilated and each lot of goods is stored tmder separate lock and kev. There 
are separate rooms for pianos, organs, mirrors, bronzes, statuary, bric-a-brac, 
trunks, carriages, in which special care is bestowed on these articles. Also rooms 
for general merchandise of every description. 

In the moving of furniture, pianos, etc.. the same care and efificiencv pre- 
vail. The vans are padded and enclosed and are in charge of capable and com- 
petent men. (joods are moved anywhere by road, rail or water. 

In speaking of a business of this nature the man at the helm is to be con- 
sidered. Mr. Stewart was born in Xew York, November 23rd, 1856. He was 
educated in the public schools of West Hoboken. graduating with' the highest 


honors when bnl twelve and a half years of age. He learned the carpet clean- 
ing- business with his uncle. Thomas Marshall Stewart, in Xew York, starting as 
office boy and being- repeatedly promoted until eventually a partner in the busi- 
ness. He is a member of the C'arteret and the Down Town Clubs, and of all 
the civic and charitable institutions, including president of Xewman Industrial 
Home; president Team Owners" Assn. of Hudson County, of Jersey City. Mr. 
Stewart was married at West Hoboken. X. J., February 12, 1885, to Cornelia 
llanta, (daughter of George I >. and Emily l>anta) the union bringing seven 
children: Thomas j.. jr.; Cornelia ; Arthur 1.; Haxel ; Rijbert ( i. ; and ( )liver 
K. Stewart. ( Russel 11. -Stewart deceased.) They have a beautiful colonial 
residence in jersey City. Mr. Stewart is a l\ei)ublican in State and .Xational 
politics, but is independent in local offices, lie is an ex-vice-president of the 
Hoard of Trade of Jersey City, now the Chamber of Conunerce. 

Attirnrau Nnit^Ug Prtnttuy an6 lEmlinsBing Uinrkfi 

ALTUCiETHEK interesting is the history and business of the American 
Novelty Printing and Embossing Works at Third and Clinton Streets, 
Hoboken. This business is carried on by John F. McCowan. ex- 
ecutor of the estate of John McCowan. It consists of printing and em- 
bossing on fabrics manufactured for the domestic wdiolesale trade, at which 
one hundred employes are constantly engaged. 

The founder of the business, John McCowan, was born at Bar Head, 
Scotland, in 1839. He served his apprenticeship as block printer, the 
main style of textile printing at that time. He came to America in 1868, 
where he also worked as blcK'k printer. He founded the present business 
three vears later in 1871, and successfully conducted it until his death 
in 1911. 

fohn E. McCowan, until his father's death, was general manager of 
'he Inisiness, and has had a thorough training and experience in all branches 
of the business. Each department is supervised by a competent foreman 
under the direction of James Dunsmore, superintendent, who has had an 
international experience in the printing and finishing of textiles. 

When the firm was founded it was as a blcjck printing establishment. 
It then l)ranched out into narrow ribbon, surface machine printing. It 
perfected the narrow warp printing for ribbons, and this gradtially developed 
into its largest business. '\\'ithin recent years the firm has put in a broad 
silk printing plant for the printing of broad silks, chififons and warps. 
In 1910, when the firm bought the present plant, it had four printing ma- 
chines. It now^ has fifteen machines. It is the largest j)rinter of narrow 
fabrics and warps doing business today. The firm has also intalled, the 
last few years, a large ntfmber of other textile machines for the handling 
of broad and narrow fabrics. 

The firm acts as a converter and prints only on other people's fabrics 
which are sent to be printed or converted into artistic designs, such as 
floral eftects, stripes, plaids or other designs which the trade may demand. 
It makes a specialty of warp printing with a reputation second to none. 
With the large equipment of machinery the firm is able to handle a large 
quantity of material at short notice. 


N^ut fork anil Nmit dl^ra^y QIiTtttatnru 

3N a section like North lludson, where magnificent accomplishment is 
the rule rather than the exception, it is bnt fitting that the best ecpiipped 
cremator}- in the vvorUl should ha\e its home. The New York and New 
jerse\- Cremator}-, sittiated on the Hudson Bouknard, (ip])osite Humboldt 
street, is all that is claimed for it in this respect and all that the i)rogressive 
niana.gement nf able business men can make it. Its magnificent building 
stands far back in an extensixe park of five acres, which gives the place the 
.atmos])here of some restful institution rather than a place for last sad rites 
f( ir the dead, \et it fairl}' breathes that dignit}- and refinement which we ac- 
cord l(i\ ed ones passed before. 

This building- is fitted up in the most elaborate manner for the purposes 
for which it was designed. The company has spared no expense in its 
i'(piipment for pro])erl}- and imi)ressi\-el}- reducing the bodies of the dead to 

ashes. T*roper conception of the fitness of the location, the beaut}^ of the 
building and the thoroughness of its equipment can be obtained only b\ a 
personal \'isit to the crematorium itself. 

The main fioor of the building is de\-oted to offices, reception hall and 
chapel; the second floor contains six colunibaria for the retention of ashes 
and two waiting rooms; the basement contains a \ault for the temporary 
retention of bodies and adjoining the basement are the retorts. There is 
nothing aljout the ])lace to suggest or magnif\- the terrors of death. There 
are no graves or t(jmbstones in the surrounding grounds, nt:i niches or re- 
ceptacles for ashes exposed to A-iew on the main floor of the Iniilding, and 
the cha])el is provided wdth an organ, arranged so that such services may be 
h.old therein as may be desired. The fee for incineration includes the use of 
tlie chapel, with its noiseless elevator in the centre upon which the coffin is 


placed and lowered t<i the retorts. These are not ignited until the coffin 
Containing- the remains is safely placed therein and locked. Thus there is no 
flanie to be seen or odor to be inhaled, and no one need see the reducing- of 
the remains to ashes unless he or she so desires. The heat is generated by 
gas and when turned on averages about 2000° Fahrenheit, so that it requires 
but fortv minutes t(^ reduce the a\erage remains ol 150 ])ounds to ashes. 
The only thing removed from the casket is the name plate, and the casket, 
whether metal or wood, is i)la.ced in the retort and quickly disai)pears. 

After the reduction of the body the ashes are ])laced in a metal recei)tacle, 
the name of the deceased endorsed theix'on and placed in the \aults subject to 
the orders of the nearest kin. Appropriate urns are provided 1)\- the company 
a.t a moderate cost, and samples may be seen any day at the crematorium, 
which is ahva\s o])en and ma\' be \isited at an\ time. Niches in the colum- 
baria for the retention of urns max be ^ecui"ed at any time by any (ine, whether 
the remains were incinerated at this cremattn"ium or not. 

The New York and New Jersey Crematory is reached from New York 
by way of any of the ferries and is accessible from the I'enns\ 1\ ania, Erie, 
],ackawaiuia, New York, ( )ntario and Western and West Shore de])ots. 'Idie 
officers of the company are: John Bruning, president; George H. Steil, \ice- 
prcsident ; |olin V. n'llara, treasurer; I'^rancis M. McCaulcy. secretary. 


Muinu 3rnu Unrka 

A.\U)Xli the most iinpurtant induslrics in the countr\ is the Union lion 
Works. which occupies practically three-quarters of an entire block, from 
565 to C)07 Monroe Street. Mohoken. This is a $75,000 company, organized 
in 1900 and incor])orate(l in i<;o8 under the laws of the State of Xew Jersey. 
The corporation is a close one. none of its stock being listed for sale anywhere. 
The business dune ])y the company is both enormous and far reaching. It 
eni])l(iys regularly 100 workers and is (jne of the ver\- busv hives of industry 
of the county. 

This company turns out hea\y machinery of all kind for regular and 
s])ecial piu'poses. Its t)Ulput includes pile driving and excavating machinery, 
road builders' equipment, oil locks, tunnel shields, grout mixers, buckets, cars, 
])i])e line supplies, contractors" equipment, special work of all kinds, etc. 

This company began business in the old building of the United Electrical 
company and. as stated, now occupies practically three-cjuarters of the big block. 
It has one of the most up-to-date machine shops in the entire metropolitan dis- 
trict and is ecjuipped for heavy, as well as light work. The plant also includes 
a forge shop, plate shop. etc.. and is thus ec|uipped for everything in the iron 
working line. It was the first firm in the country to manufacture double acting 
pile hammers, whicli has made the modern method of building foimdations 

Some idea of the inii:)ortance of the Union Iron Works may be found in 
the fact that its proposed equipment for raising the Maine in Havana Harbor 
was selected after close study of all available types and makes of machinery de- 
signed for this pm-])ose. This piece of work did much to make the fame of the 
comi^any knowTi aud was the subject of much comment by technical papers in 
Europe as well as in the I'nited States. 

The firm supplied two pile drivers for driving the foundations for the Hali- 
fax piers for the Canadian government. These hammers are the largest in the 
world and drove i.ioo 24x24x'')0 to 90 feet long concrete piles without breaking 

The firm has branches in l^>oston. Chicago. San Francisco, Los Angeles. 
New Orleans. Montreal, Toronto, \'ancouver, Dallas, Baltimore, Philadelphia, 
Seattle and Atlanta, besides representatives in twenty-seven other cities in the 
I'nited States and Canada. It exports to every country in Europe and South 
America, also the Far East, Canada and Mexico. It ships to every state in the 
union and its annual output is enormous. 

With such a business as that of the Union Iron Works there must neces- 
sarily be a very efficient organization and it has been the aim of the com])any to 
build this up to a high standard of excellence during its whole business career. 
There has never been any labor troubles with the L'nion Iron Works and there 
never will be so long as the present management continues, for it is the behef 
of those in charge that men and employes are human and should be treated as 
such. The officers of tlve companv are: President. M. Schalscha; secretary and 
treasurer, W. G. Schalscha. 


W. % AtkiuBHu (En. 

^0 I CHARD ATKINSON, found- 
4K er of the Wm. H. Atkinson 
''^ Company Iron \\'oi-ks, at the 

iDot of Se\'enth Street. IToboken, 
canu' to New \()rk witli his wife 
a.nd two sons from Leeds, England, 
in the year 1829, where his father 
had l)een in business as a millwright 
nntil his death in iSj.S. 

In iX:^3 Richard Atkinson opened 
a small shop in Rector Street, New 
\'ork. as a shipsmith, and through 
his energy this developed into the 
largest l)usiness of its kind in the 
harbor at that time, necessitating 
the removal to 54 West Street, and 
the establishment of three branches 
conveniently located along the w^ater 
front. The iron work for many of 
the American clipper ships, which 
\vere in vogue previous to the Civil 
\\ ar. was made at these shops. In 
1874 Richard Atkinson retired leav- 
ing the business in the hands of his 
son, Thomas \\'. Alkin>on. who in turn retired in 1885 and turned the works 
o\er to his iie])hc\v, W ni. H. Atkinson, who now conducts it. The old West 
Street stand was abandoned in 1888. and the business m(»\ed tc^ Fourteenth 
Street, Hoboken. and hnalh' ])assing to its present location in 1903. where it 
was incor])orated. 

I )uring all this time the entire three generations have steadily retained 
the same customers, among them being the North (German Lloyd Steamship 
Com])any. which has remained on the books for more than fifty years. Be- 
sides the harbor trade, mining machinerv, dredges and dredging machinery 
ha\e been built and shipped to all parts of the world. This firm lately built 
the steel work for the largest copper siuelting furnace in the world, and the 
conveying machiner\- for handling the output for the same furnace. 


y. HJ. Janssrn 

JW. JANSSEN, a wholesale dealer in dairy products at 316 Garden street, 
lioboken. has shown himself progressive m his line of endeavor. He 
♦ not only operates the main office, located as above stated, but he has 
branches at 155 Eighth street and 255 First street. In his local trade he em- 
ploys about forty men. 

Besides the distrilniting l)ranches already named he has creamery 
branches at Little York. N.' Y. ; Earlville, N. Y. ; Whitney Point, N. Y. ; 
Greene, N. Y., and Delaware, N. J. He takes the entire output of these col- 
lecting branches, distributing them to hotels, restaurants, etc., in Hudson 
County, New York and other nearl)y localities. His output embraces every- 
thing in the dairy line, butter, eggs, cheese and milk. 

"But even with this big business, he is planning greater and better things 
for himself and his business and soon will enter the retail field in a building 
now being erected at 109-111 Grand street. This will be one of the most 
up-to-date plants of its kind in this i)art of the country. A special Pasteur- 
ization plant, where this process will be scientifically done, will be among 
the accessories. When this is finished he will incorporate the business, of 
which he is and will remain sole owner, and expects to double its volume, 
which at the present aggregates something like $500,000 a year. 

One of the features of his present l)usiness is that he can supply those 
who deal with him with milk at least 24 hours ahead of those competitors 
who receive their milk in bulk and bottle and Pasteurize it at their own 
plants. His milk is all buttled in the country and is brought to the city 
properly iced and refrigerated. It is loaded on wagons directly at the trains 
and the work of distribution is thus done with no time lost. 

Withal he is careful to have only the best and purest of dairy products 
handled by either himself or his men. Cows must be milked by the best 
methods and by the cleanest of workmen under the most sanitary surround- 
ings. His butter and cheese is made in dairy rooms combining cleanliness, 
ventilation and healthy workmen and women. He sees to it that nothing 
comes to him for distribution that will not pass the most rigid inspection. 
His main office and local branches are also models of cleanliness. 

In these day? when there is so much talk about hoof and mouth disease, ar.d 
otlicr disease^- which aii'ect cattle and which are communicated through milk to 
human beings, Air. Janssen's method of obtaining and Pasteurizing milk are 
iiniiortant matter? of consideration tc everv consumer. The cattle on everv farm 
over which Air. lanssen has control of the output are rigidly and regularly 
msjjected for any trace of any kind of disease. Xo jiains nor expense are spared 
10 ])rotect the consun.ier. 

Ever\ bo. tie of Janssen's milk is perfectlx Pasteurized in the conntr\- before 
shipment. This acts as the most thorough ])rotection of the consumer. W"]\h 
other dealers the milk is sent in cans to the distributors and is Pasteurized by 
ihem. This gives the germs in the milk a chance to develo]:) for several hours 
before Pasteurization. With janssen's milk no chance is given the germs to 
develop at all. The milk is Tasteurized ])racticall_\- as soon as it comes from the 

Xol oidy is the milk sold b_\- .Mr. janssen made doubly safe in the manner 
described, but tlu mofle and manner of shipment insure the consumer fresher 
milk than that obtained of the ordinar\- purveyor of milk, there being at least a 
difference of twenty-four hours in distribution. An}(;ne can readilv see the 
advantage of obtaining strictly fresh and perfectly Pasteurized milk at the same 
time. It means more wholesome and healthier milk in ever\- wa\' tlian that 
obtained through the ordinary channels of distriljtition. 


This extrcnu' care in tln' milking and rastcurizalion of llic milk hanilkd by 
\\r. Janssen is characteristic of the man himself. Clean-cut. honest and whole- 
some in every waw lie demands, and obtains, the same characteristics in the 
products he handles, lie is a man who himself is satisfied with none hul the 
best an<l who believes that his palrons are entitled lo the best j^roduct and the 
best service it is possible t(j obtain. I le measures the desires of his patrons 1)\' 
liis own characteristic of wanting (;nl\ the l)est. and he impresses those witli 
whom he has dealings of his absohite desire and abilit}- to give them what they 

Time was when such care as this was regardeil as only an extra and unneces- 
sarv ex])ense in ])roduction. .Mr. janssen. however, has worked on the princii)le 
that by taking extreme caution and letting his i)atrons know he is doing it, and 
why. that his irade would increase and i:rofits come in this wa\- quicker and more 
surel}' than 1)\- saving at the expense of c|ualit}- and service, which woulcl con- 
iinualK' bear an ever increasing cro]) of malcontent consumers. That he is right 
is ])roven b\ the wonderful increase in his trade, which has not onl\ made bis new 
imilding a ])ossibilit\ , l;ut an alisolute necessity in order to meet ihv continually 
increasing demand.s for janssen milk and janssen service. 

When janssen enters the retail held he will apply his well known serx'ice to 
iliat branch of the industr\-. I lis ])atrons will he assured of the best, and the cost 
will be no greater than that for the inferior service of some of the competitors in 
tiie same field. Id is preparations for this branch of the business are being care- 
fullv made. W hen com]^leted he will have the most efficient force of men and 
drivers possible to obtain, lie will conduct it on the same high ]dane that has 
characterized his conduct of the wholesale industr\- du"ough all the successful 
years of the past. 

Men like ^Ir. janssen and business enterprises conducted along high class 
lines like his are worth while. It is such men and such industries that lend a 
rone to tlie community at the same time elevating and i)raiseworthv. Every sucii 
man and business has its influence for the betterment of communities. They are 
of the old-fashioned standard of that honor in Inisiness affairs wdnch are both 
commendable and make for indix'idual success. The man who has a standard 
c-t morals thai dominates his business is sure to be a man resjiected among his 
fellows. With all janssen "s praiseworthy characteristics, he is not an austere 
man nor one hard to meet. His great hobbv is his business, but he always has 
lime to give a pleasant word t(; those with whom be comes in contact, although 
he is as busv as a man can well be. 


Saufb Mantv 

BAVID MAYER. i)a\vnl)r(iker at _M4 First street. Hoboken, is one 
(if those men one sometimes meets wlio regards his business as a part 
of himself and who does ever\thing^ in his power to make that business 
resjiected b} all. Mayer believes that his business should be his first con- 
sideration, that the ])rotection of pledges left him b\- his patrons is of_para- 
mount im])ortance. that the (ordinary man does not care so much for the man 
with whom he is dealing as for the manner in which he is dealt with, that 
the more a man does to make his business reputable the larger patronage he 
will get, that honest v and fairness toward those with whom he deals will 
reap its own reward, and that no one can altord, under any circumstances, to 
lose the respect and confidence of those with vNdiom business relations throw 
him in contact. 

W ith such principles as these the business of David Mayer has grown 
and prospered. His business was started in 1890 in Jersey City. It rapidh' 
outgrew the limited space he had and he moved to 74 \\'ashington street. 
Hoboken, in 1H94. bAen this location soon became too small and he moved 
into his |)resent jilace of business in 1903. Two years ago he remodeled 
this place at an enormous expense, installing a burglar and tire proof vault, 
the onlv one of its kind in the State of New Jersey for men in his class of 
business. This was done for the protection of i)ledges left in his care. He 
states that it is a. source of satisfaction to hear the many complimentary re- 
marks from his ])atrons regarding the care taken of pledges and the courteotis 
treatment received at his hands and those of his employees. 

Courtesy is demanded from everyone about his premises, to patrons and 
prospective patrons. All are treated with great cotirtesy and consideration. 
Mr. Ma}er loans money on watches, diamonds and jewelry only. His charges 
are as low as the careful conduct of his business will permit. No pledge is 
ever sold if he sees a chance of the i)atron redeeming it. Purchasers find his 
place a bargain counter, for he is content with small profits. His treatment 
of i)atrons is generovis in the extreme. All these attributes have coml)ined to 
make the man and ]dace of business of Dax'id Maver regarded highh'. 


5p. ICmillarii Qlnmpang 

/.^WV all the industries of Hudson County that of the I*. LorilUird Coni- 
■ IlJ pan\, manufacturers of more than one hundred and sixty dift'erent 
^-^ brands of snutf, tobacco, cigars and cigarettes, has the most extensive 
and interesting histor}-. 

'Way back in the days before the Revolution, while (ieorge Wash- 
ington was still a boy, the industrial seed was planted wdiich has since 
bloomed into the tremendous plant of the P. Lorillard Company. This 
concern now is not only Jersey City's largest manufacturer and employer 
of men. but one of the world's greatest enterprises. 

The story of this development down through the years is most inter- 
esting. From the beginning it is one of great success — ^of big accomplish- 
ments bv each succeeding generation of Lorillards^ — down to the present 
successful management. 

In 1760 TMerre Lorillard, a l'"rench Huguenot, began the manufacture 
of snuff in a mill in the Bronx, New York City. The mill was operated by 
water power and is still standing in wha.t is now the Bcjtanical (iarden at 
a point near the Mansion. It is pointed out as one of the original New 
York's oldest landmarks. 

From the year 1800 the direction of the business was carried on from 
Chatham Street, which was at that time the High Road from New York 
City to Boston. This arrangement continued until the usee of the Bronx 
mill was discontinued and the entire business was removed across the 
East River to Brooklyn. 

At the death of Pierre Lorillard he bequeathed the business to his widow, 
who, in turn at her death, bequeathed it to her two sons, Peter and George. 
In 1832 George died, and Peter Lorillard, after managing the already ex- 
tensive property alone for a time, turned it over to his son and namesake, 
wdio successfully conducted the business for nearly thirty years. Peter 
then turned it over to his sons, Peter, Jr.. and George. 

The year t/f 1870 marked a new and important epoch in the concern's 
history. For at that time the business was entirely removed to iii First 
Street, Jersey City — the manufacture of tobaccos was begun in addition 
to that of snufiFs — and the present firm name of P. Lorillard Company was 
adopted. In 1884 the hrm comprised Peter Lorillard, Peter Lorillard, Jr., 
N. Griswold Lorillard and Charles Siedler. Mr. Siedler retiring in De- 
cember, 1887. 

In 191 1 the I*. Lorillard Co. moved its general offices, together with 
part of its manufacturing jilant, to Newark Avenue and Senate Place. Jersey 
Citv. The Lorillard building consists of two wings each si.x stories high, 
250 feet long and ico feet wide. Fi\e thousand people are employed in 
this one plant ; 3,000 more are given employment at the concern's tobacco 
factory at iiT First Street and its cigar factory at 104 First Street. 

Thomas J. Maloney, for years i)r(^minently connected with the admin- 
istration of Jersey City's affairs, and who has done much in the Iniilding 
up of its working conditions, is now president of this gigantic concern. 
Mr. Maloney became connected with the concern over twenty-eight years 
ago. He is a native of New Jersey and has always been an active cham- 
i)ion of her interests. 

The P. Lorillard Co. makes more than 160 different brands of tobaccos, 
cigarettes and cigars. 

It is the largest manufacturer of cigars and little cigars in the world, 
'fhis is due partly to the tremendous yearly sales of the famous Rose De 
X'alle high-grade cigars and Between the Acts little cigars. 

This concern is also one of the biggest manufacturers pf tobacco, 
making all kinds of tobaccos, among the oldest being Century and Climax. 
Climax plug tobacco, originated by the Lorillard Co.. was the first tobacco 


to which a tin tag was attached as a trade-mark. Century, fine cut. has 
been used bv thousands of men throug-hout their lives. Many of its patron-; 
are now between seventy and eighty years of age, and they are still using 
Century tobacco. 

The cigarette business of the Lorillard Company is also tremendous. 
This is bes't illustrated in the fact that out of a total increase of two and 
a half billion cigarettes for the year 191 3. one and a half billion of thia 
increase was obtained l)y the Lorillard Company. Some of the cigarette 
l)rands made by the concern are Egyptian Deities, Turkish Trophies. Mogul. 
Murad. Helmar. LondtMi Life. Zira and Nebo. 

Level Head, a prominent brand of chewing and smoking teiljacco, was 
especially put on the market to give the working man the fullest possible 
measure of tine t()l)acco at the lowest possible price. 

But notwithstanding innumerable such successes. Mr. Alaloney was not 
content until he put on the market a high class blended Burley tobacco. 
|)Ut u]) in tins. This was the only kind of tobacco which the Lorillard 
Company did not make, and as there were several brands of this class 
alreadv enjoving an extensive sale. Mr. Maloney had an exceedingly difficult 
problem to face, both in obtaining a better blend and creating a market 
for it. 

In the ljurle\- mixture which Mr. Maloney named Stag — and in the 
method he adopted in luarketing it in tins of half the usual cjuantity at 5c — 
Mr. Malonev distinguished himself both as an expert blender and merchan- 
diser of tobaccos. It has been on the market but eighteen months, yet 
its sales during last year compared most favorably with the sales of similar 
tobaccos which have been made and sold for many years. 

Besides the main branch the company owns and operates l)ranches at 
104 and 111 First Street. Jersey City; S. Anargyros. 1310 Avenue A. New 
York; Baltimore. Md. ; Wilmington. Del.; Lancaster. Pa.; Richmond. A'a. ; 
Middlet'»wn. ( )hio : the Federal Cigar Com])an}' and Luhrman and AA'ilbern 
Tobacct) Company. 

Such an enterprise as this is of inestimable value to the section m 
which it operates, and much of the prosperity of that section of the county 
is dtie to the wages and salaries it disburses among its thousands of em- 
ployes. The capacity of the main houses and its branches is practically 
unlimited for the supply of its products, which are recognized interna- 
tionally as the best in their line the market can supply. 



M(>X(i the most iin|)< )i"lanl «»! ihc sanitary hake sh()[)s in 1 Unison 
County is thai coiuhicted l)y the Savage Baking C()nii)any at i8C) 
(Irirtith street, |ersev L"it\' Heights. The lousiness was I'onmled in 
igij 1)\- A. 1{. Savage, who had l3e.en a baker in lirooklxn. and wlio some 
Tiine \ears ago came to Hudson Count}-, saw an opening in tlie Hudson City 
section and I)egan the manufacture of l)akestuffs there in the old waw 

Mr. was alwa\s a ])rogressive baker and for many years he had 
the idea of a model bakery and at the first opportunity that ])resented itself 
estal)lished this btisiness which has grown to mammoth ])roportions. The 
compan}- is incori)orated for $25,000. This capital is all ])aid in and there is 
none of the stock for sale. Mr. Savage is, of course, the principal stockholder 
and president of the com])an\-. and it is under his direction that nuich of the 
])rogress that has been made was possible. 

( )ther officers and stockhijlders of the company are: (iertrude R. Savage, 
who is secretarv and treastirer. and Emmett Casterlin, who is \ice-president. 
The board of directors includes the officers and it is a close corjjoration con- 
ducted as a family afi^air. 

The chief btisiness of the compan}- is the baking (jf home made white 
bread. This is distributed throughout all of Hudson County and a part of 
Essex and Bergen Counties as well. Thirty-three wagons and drixers are 
constantly employed in the distribution, which is so arranged that it is pos- 
sible for the customer farthest away from the bakeshop to have fresh bread 
before breakfast each morning. A large part of the trade consists of sui:)ply- 
ing grocers, delicatessen stores and branch bakeries. Eor the purely local 
trade buns, etc.. are also baked dail}\ but this is but a small part of the trade. 

The company em])lovs fiftv-five workmen constantl}- in the making and 
distribution of its bakesttifi's. This is a large organization for this class of 
business in the count}- and therefore it ranks among the first industries of 
the kind here. 

The bake shop is modern in every respect. There are niachine mixers 
and everything that can possibly be handled by sanitary machinery is so 
handled. All machinery must be scrupulously clean, the bakers mtist don 
freshl} laundered garments and have ideallv clean hands and bodies before 
they are permitted to w^ork. After baking, the foodstuffs are handled in a 
most sanitary manner, from the o\'en to the counters and w^agons and thence 
to the patrons of the concern. 

Mr. Savage is justl}- ])roucl of his success in the bread baking and dis- 
tributing lines. His is not a business which just naturally grew. It is the 
result of progressive management along the lines of distribution. Saxage 
home made bread has become a b}-word in man}- families, as the large output 
will show. He makes it a pc^int to employ none but cotirteous drivers. These 
he pa}-s well, according to the importance of the different routes. Erom each 
he ref|uires a cash deposit, which is carefulh- banked and ne^■er touched, not 
so much as security, but because he believes that the man who can sa\ e a 
Few dollars by his own indttstrv is the man best suited to deliver a high class 
pr( iduct. 

Mr. Savage has been a. pic^neer in Hudson County along the home made 
bread baking and deli\-erA' lines. Long before the present model establish- 
meiit was built he was conducting a Iticrative business. Long before the laws 
made sanitar}- bake shops compulsorv. Mr. Savage was condticting a shop 
which was talked about favorably b}' all who visited it. But the present 
business and building is the crowning glor}- of his work in Hudson County. 
Wliatever further development there mav be will be along the lines of natural 
growth, for there can be no im])rt)\-ement in the mode and manner of handling 
the ]iroduct of the Savage Baking CiMiipany's ovens. 


ilnutttain 3r0 CUnmiJanij 

3N the Mountain Ice Company, with its main office at 51 Newark Street, 
Hoboken, (and with l)ranches in the i)rincii)al cities in Xew Jersey and 
Pennsylvania), Hudson County can l)oast of one of the largest dis- 
trilnitors of natural ice to l)e found in the entire country. The company was 
incorporated March 17. 1902. Its chief officers are: H. W. Bahrenburg, 
president and general manager; E. P. Kingsbury, secretary and treasurer; 
J. H. Donnelly, assistant secretary and treasurer. Upwards of 3.000 people 
are employed during the harvesting season and 1,000 during the shipping 
and sales season. 

The company is the outgrowth of the ice business established in 1877 
by Cooper & Hewitt at Greenw^ood Lake, and Howell Brothers at Fox Hill in 
1888, with capacities of 38.000 and 20.000 tons, respectively. The now famous 
Pocono Moimtain section in Pennsylvania was opened up to this industry in 
1890. The capacities of these plants in Northern New Jersey and the Pocono 
section of PennsA-hania have grown under the management of the new com- 
pany until the combined storage capacity- now aggregates more than 1,000,000 

Shortly after the incorporation of the Mountain Ice Company the man- 
agement realized the importance of surrounding the harvesting and sale of 
its product with all possible sanitary precautions. It was one of the first 
ice companies in the United States to adopt the use of the large seven-bar 
planer, bv which from three to twelve inches of the top surface is removed 
at the time of storage, thus making the ice stored free from any possible con- 
tamination or snow ice from the surface during harvesting. It was the first 
company to wash and flush the cars with well water under high pressure tc 
insure a clean car, the first to adopt the use of a sanitary paper for the cover- 
ing and protection of ice in transit, and the first ice company in this part of 
tlie country to abandon the use of salt or marsh hay and sawdust (for insu- 
lating purposes) in direct contact with the ice; thus insuring absolute clean- 
liness in storage. The company engages an eminent chemist annually to make 
.sanitarv stirvevs and analyses of the water and ice at the various mountain 
lakes. These survevs show the ice at the time of storage to be almost sterile 
and entirel}- suitaljle for domestic use. (Copies of these surveys are fur- 
nished upon request). In addition thereto these properties are operated under 
the superxision of the Natural Ice Association of America whose sanitary 
surxeys and bacteriological analyses are made annually, prior to the fiu"- 
nishing of emblems of certification of the purity of their product. 

This ice when melted, makes drinking water ])urer than the best spring 
water on the market at al)out (»ne-third the cost, as nine pounds of ice will 
make a gallon of water. A'arious manufactttrers who require soft water for 
s]>ecific purposes also melt natural ice, as the water from melted ice is soft 
and is highly recommended in the sick room, where pure soft water is re- 
quired for the i)atient or convalescent. Many druggists use this melted ice 
instead of distilled water in making up their prescriptions because they 
realize the great adx-antage of it lieing living water, instead of dead, as is all 
distilled water. 

The economical housewife no longer regards ice as a luxur\-. but looks 
upon it as a medium to aid in the reduction of the household expenses, as it 
enables her to purchase vegetables and fruits in larger quantities at reduced 
cost and keep them in condition b}- means of home refrigeration. The house- 
wife also realizes the fact that it is economical to have her ice chest suf- 
ficiently large to enable her to purchase ice in cjuantities of 100 pounds and 
over. This means fewer deliveries, less annovance and larger storage 
capacity for fruits, vegetables, meats and the ''left overs" from various meals. 

Pamphlets covering the purity of ice by eminent bacteriologists and epi- 
demiologists such as Dr. Eugene H. Porter, health commissioner of New 
York ; C. E. A. Winslow, associate professor of biologv. College of New York ; 


Dr. W . r. Sedgwick. i)rofe.ssor of biolog}-, Massachusetts Institute of 
Technolog}- ; l^dwin ( ). Jdrdan. I'h. I)., professor of bacteriology, University 
of Chicago; John C. Sparks. B. S., water expert for the city of New York: 
M. J. Rosenau. i)r(»fess(>r of ]jreventive medicine and hygiene. Harvard 
Medical School, Pxjston; Dr. llihhert W. Hill, director of division of epi- 
demiology, Minnesota State Board of Irleallh ; George C. \Vhipj)le, C. E., pro- 
fessor of sanitary engineering, Harvard Cdllegc; Edward Bartow, director 
Illinois State Water .*^ur^•ey, and other t'niincnt scicnlists will he furnished 
on applicati( m. 

Although ice has hccn used for all purposes to which it is now ])Ul from 
the earliest times of which we have any written record, it is true of it. as of 
other articles of common and familiar use. that few people are familiar with 
its structure and its physical, chemical and bacteriological nature. If there 
is ice enough to cool foods or beverages in warm weather, the public is satis- 
fied and leaves the inquiry into the history and physical characteristics of it 
to the scientists. Nevertheless, there are many interesting facts about ice 
which reveal it as one of the most remarkable products of nature. 

( )nc distinguishing jicculiarity is that although cold contracts all other 
known sul)stances. ice is an expansion of water caused by the action of low 
temperature. Water contracts as it cools until it reaches 39. i degrees E., 
when it is at its greatest density, but from that temperature down to 32 
degrees F.. water expands, and when it turns into ice it occupies i/ii more 
space than it did as water. Ice is a crystal, and of whatever matter a crystal 
may be formed, it is always true that the crystal represents the purest 
possible state of that material. Every act of crystallization is one of puri- 
fication. The same is true of ice. which is the purest form of the water on 
which the ice grows. 

Althotigh ice is described as a crystal, it is more accurate to refer to it 
as a union of crystals, because it is built U]) of an infinite number of crystal- 
lizations of particles of water. As the water in a pond or on a stream 
approaches the freezing point, here and there over its surface, there spring 
into being slender slivers of ice, and by watching closely it is possible to see 
one of these crystals join itself to another and others to them, until the 
whole stirface of the water is covered. These crystals are practically pure 
water, for, as they form and as they unite to other crystals, they mechanically 
push aside any suspended matter in the water, whether dirt or sand or the 
salts held in solution in all natural water. The cr}'stals even exclude from 
their mass, bacteria wdiich are always present in every body of water. The 
well-known fact that the ice formed on the ocean is practically fresh, shows 
how salts in solution are excluded from the ice. So strong is the affinity of 
these crvstals, one for the other, that to their union they admit no particle 
of matter other than water in its i)urest state. We know the facts of this 
union and this affinity which are proved by many investigations and from 
ordinarv observation, but we do not know w^hy they unite, nor why one 
crystal builds itself upon another. 

It is this force of crystallization and this power of exclusion of all other 
matter which makes natural ice a product ai)parently designed by nature for 
the protection and preservation of food and for the benefit of mankind. 
Long investigations of hundreds of sources of ice supplies by many dift'erent 
authorities in the United States and abroad, prove conclusively that ice is 
from 95 to 99% purer than the water on which it forms, always, and that this 
purity refers not alone to the absence of matter suspended or floating in 
the water, but to bacteria as w^ell. Even from polluted streams, where large 
quantities of bacteria are found, the ice will contain such a very small per- 
centage of the number in the water as to make the reduction almost 
unbelievable. Sanitarians state that in view of this fact, if there is absolutely 
no other ice supply for a community than water more or less polluted, it 
W(»uld be permissible to use ice from such a source. They are safe in making 
that assertion because, so far in the history of the world, there has never been 
any disease traced to the use of natural ice. 


in the text books of a decade ago instances were cited by sanitariatis 
where epidemics of typhoid were alleged to have been caused by ice, but 
recent investigations have led such an authority as Professor William T. 
Sedgwick of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Dr. Eugene 
H. Porter, for manv years Health Commissioner of New York State, to 
declare that thev have Ud faith in ihc allegation^ made against natural ice 
in the instances referred to, but are inclined to believe that the charges were 
the result of faulty conclusions from insufficient data. As Professor Sedgw^ick 
well savs, "If ice were ca])able of causing disease, we would then have the 
great e])idemics of tvphoid in iuid-su;umer when ice is most used, when, as a 
matter of fact, such epidemics occur in the late fall and in the early spring 
when practically no ice is used by a large proportion of the public." Other 
investigators, including the Hygienic Laboratory of the United States Public 
Health Service, agree in these conclusions. 

Thus natural ice has a clear record from the days prior to the Christian 
era down to the present time. This is attested, in another and curious way, 
bv the fact that although there are 134 words in the English language which 
are combined with the word ice, and although it is found in twelve other 
modern languages, not a single one of any of these words has anything to 
do with disease or disaster or with any utensils or precautions or methods 
needed for the purification of or protection from ice. In all the centuries thai 
mankind has used ice and has been familiar with it, in no clime and under 
no circumstances has it been found necessary to coin a word ascribing 
to it any evil tendency or possibilit} . 

Auy. Mom^ (Enttral ^ottl nnh l^nfbraubana 

3|k UG. MOOS' Central Hotel and Hofbrauhaus at 200 River street, corner 
Z\ Second street, Hoboken, is one of the most unique buildings for the 
'*' ^ entertainment of men to be found in the county. Mr. Moos started in 
the restaurant business sixteen years ago and eight years ago ptirchased a 
part of the property on which the Hofbrauhaus stands and btiilt upon it, 
adding to it as patronage demanded. 

His place soon attained fame in both the old and new world for its 
splendidlv furnished and equipped rooms, and two years ago he added the 
Hofbrauhaus to his hotel Inisiness. It is unsurpassed for the brilliant socia- 
bility known to the German as "Gemuetlichkeit." The decorations are orig- 
mal and consist mainly of reproductions of the sketches of Germany's most 
famous artist, the late Baron \'on Reznicek. Its cuisine is second to none in 
the metropolitan district and leading men of all professions patronize it. 

The Central Hotel and Hofbrauhaus is located directly opposite the 
Hamburg-American and the North German Lloyd Steamship' lines, is easily 
accessible from all local railroad lines and is within ten minutes of the 
theatrical, shopping, financial and business districts of New York. 


A. ffi. Jffiniilau Sc (En. 

■^jr U A. 1.. l'"iiullay iS: Co.. pawnbrokers at 450 First street. Hoboken, be- 
ll longs tlie honor of bringing to the name of i)a\vnl)roker more dignity 
^^ than lia-^ usualK been associated with that class of business. They 
conduct ])a\vni)r(iking on a purely business scale, recognizing the fact that 
patroijs of these establishments like to be treated fairly and in the same man- 
ner as patrons of other commercial and industrial enlerj)rises. It is this class 
(^f treatment that is accorded them at the hands of this progressive firm and 
becatise of it thev are not made to feel that they have committed something 
disgracefttl in being comi)elle(l to temporarily part with some personal pos- 
session to raise money for emergencies. 

The manager and proprietor of this establishment is Andrew 1.. Findlay. 
He was born in Scotland and is now a naturalized citizen of the United 
States. He started in business in 1893 and was ten years in one place. He 
retired and for a year far inacti\e. Vor three and one-half vears he was 
connected with another establishment and then re-established himself in his 
present location in 1909. He had a rather hard struggle to inHuence capital 
in a business of this kind. l)ut finally succeeded in convincing men with 
money that a pawnbroker was not necessarily a moral Pariah. 

Mr. Findlay has strong opinions regarding his business. He says it can 
be made as clean as any other business, providing the man who conducts it 
is clean himself. The business is governed by the law. and he believes that 
every pawnbroker, like himself, should live strictly up to the legal re(|uire- 
ments. Financed properly by the right jjcople he believes pawnbroking is on 
a par with banking. The pawnbroker accommodates the ])oor. with ])roper 
security. The banker finances the rich, with proper security. Mr. F^indlay 
says pawnbroking is not necessarily a business which takes advantage of the 
poor, but one wdiich should accommodate those middle class people who have 
no financial standing and can get no bank accommodations. He says if 
salaried men who patronize loan sharks would study the advantages to be 
derived from dealing with honest pawnbrokers, they' would be much better 
off financiallv. 


Uruuisutirk ICamtbru 

^r^j^OST remarkable in its scope has l-ieen the growth of the Brunswick 
^IlLL I-'i'^^'i^l'"}' oil Germania Avenue, the recent improvements in this won- 
^*^ derful enterprise and its service being the erection of a two-story 
structure. 50x140 fee^t. on Tonnele Avenue. Jersey City, to be used as a 
shipping room and a garage for the large number of automobiles and electric 
motors bv means of which Hudson, Essex and Bergen Counties are covered 
weeklv. Together with the large two-story building on Germania Avenue, 
which is used for laundry purposes exclusively, it makes the Burnswick 
far and awa\' the largest laundry in the State. 

Formerlv the Brunswick Laundry made its principal business that of 
washing and ironing shirts, collars, cuffs, etc., but the demand of its patrons 
for a more extensive service was promptly met. Now. not only the old 
laundry system is in vogue, but a specialty is made of rough dry family 
washing, and this at ])resent constitutes the great bulk of the l)usiness 

Manager Siemanski best explained the new idea in laundry work in 
a recent interview, in which he said the industrial development of the 
laundry business all over the country and the millions spent in catering 
to the demands of people who no longer wished to have their laundry done 
at home, made it necessary for such concerns to look well to their welfare ; 
to protect the interests of old customers in order to retain their patronage, 
and to build up a reputation for reliability in order to secure new patronage. 
It is along these lines that the Brunswick Laundry has been built and 

There was a time when there was just cause for friction between 
laundrymen and their patrons. This, however, was in the days when 
methods were crude and when laundries had not attained their present 
standing in the industrial world. While there are, doubtless, laundries 
in which the old system prevails, the Brunswick, in common with other 
modern laundries throughout the country, has passed beyond the primitive 
stage. Every effort here is made to satisfy customers; to do the family 
washing better than it could be done at home; to give laundr}- patrons 
more and better service than they ever had l^efore, and to conduct the 
business with all the efficiency that the conduct of a great business demands. 

Hygienic conditions exist at the Brunswick Laundry. In fact, the 
management believes that this is due to patrons, and. acting on this belief, 
a business of enormous magnitude, which bids fair to continue in its rapid 
and remarkable growth, has been Iniilt up at the Brunswick Laundry. 


iEii. iFU^rk^ustnu's ^oxxb 

'^/^L'L)S()X County can hoast that it has the largest manufacturer of 
4|1' sausag-e and fresh holo^na in the United States in the lirni of Va\. 
' Fleckenstein's Sons, doing business ir; the Hudson City section of 
Jersey City Ileights. W'liile the ])roducts are not nationally distributed, 
the firm has built up a local and statewide business in the little more 
than three years of its existence, which far and away exceeds anxtlung 
of the kind eyer before attempted in New Jerse}-. 

This enterprising firm \yas organized May 13. 1911. It consists of 
i'jlward !■'. bdeckenstein, Al1)ert \' . b'kckenstein and William X. bdecken- 
steni. It is capitalized for ii>25o,ooo. Wdien organized it employed fifteen 
men; now there are 114 emi)loyes on the payroll, and the business is still 
growing by leajjs and bounds. 

Business originally began in a small factory on (iriftith Street, Jersey 
City Heights. This factory has been enlarged to take in Nos. 112, 114. 
it6 and it8 (Irifhth Street. Another large factory has been erected ai 
75. 77, 79 and 81 Hancock Ayenue, Jersey City, ddie main office ami 
retail branch of the company is at 328 Central A\enue, Jersey City, and 
it has branches at 585 South Tenth Street, Newark, a.nd at 167 Anderson 
IMace, Passaic. The factories turn out $1,000,000 worth of products annually. 

This company is the largest consumer of btdls for bolognas in the East. 
Beef is bought in carload lots from the Western markets. A large per- 
centage of the bulls used in its business are imported direct from Canada, 
and there is some talk of entering the Argentina market as well. Casings 
are imported direct from Europe in enormous cpiantities. 

Fifty-six route wagons are used in cc^yering the trade throughout the 
State. One liye-ton truck is used exclusiyely to transport bolognas and 
sausages to the com])an\ "s Newark refrigerator. One three-ton truck 
goes to Passaic daily. 

Those who haye an idea that odds and ends of all kinds go into the 
makeu]) of sausages and bolognas woitld recei\'e a liberal education in this 
particular by paying a yisit to the factories of Ed. Fleckenstein's Sons. 
None but prime meats are accepted by the company for manufacture into 
its products. E\er}' piece of meat is thoroughly inspected, a.nd if there 
is the least sign of disease or decay it is unceremoniously throvyn away. 
Of course, this is made necessary under the rigid system of United States 
inspection at the present time, but it has always been the policy of the 
Fleckenteins, as it was of their father l)efore them, to place the purity 
and cleanliness of their products before profits which might accrue from 
the introduction of passable meats which close ins])ection would find 
unfit for human consumption. 

Those who have seen the manufacture of such products under old-time 
systems in other places would be agreeably surprised to see the conditions 
under which the saitsages and bolognas are manufactured here. Even tho 
casings must be of the best. They are thoroughl}' washed and cleansed 
before thev are used. The machines in. which the meats and sausages are 
ground are thoroughly cleaned at short periods. Everything is as spick 
and span as in the best-a]ipc)inted kitchens. Workmen must be cleanl\' 
dressed and their hands thoroughly washed before beginning the day's work 

Members of the firm are courteous alike to visitors and to their work- 
men. They impress upon their workmen the necessity of absolute clean- 
liness. They show them the value of self-respect, and make them under- 
stand the standard expected of Fleckenstein. The organization is splendid 
and complete. The men who make the dail}- distribution are men among 
men. In fact, every factor in the organization goes to impress upon the 
l^atron or the spectator the integrity and W(irth n\ the l^^leckensteins and 
their products. 


(S. Iff. MntUn (Kntttpany 

A.\I()N(i the (li\crsilie(l industries of lludson County is the plant of 
the I". V. Mueller Company of 95 IJoyd A^•enue, Jersey Lity, which 
is de^■()ted to the manufacture of macaroni. spag"hetti, eo-q- noodle^ 
kindred ])roducts. This business is among- the largest of its kind in 
countrw and there is turned out from tlie factory about 10,000,000 
pounds of these popular foodstutts annual)}. The c<im])an}- is a. half million 
dollar concern, and it employs 150 ])e()ple the year round. 


This business was original 

established in 1S67 b\- 



C. F. Mueller. 
It had a. small beginning, but through the excellence of its products ii 
grew and the present company is the outcome. The business has been in the 
hands of the Mueller famil}- from its inception. 

Among the excellencies claimed for the ])r(iducts is absolute puritw 
Thev are made of the highest qualit}' materials and no ex];ense is spared 
if the (]ualitv oi the goods can be improved. The products are made in a 
clean, well-lie'hted. modern and sanitary factory. 

After manufacturing the products are packed in dust and moisture 
]iroof packag-es, and because of this they are always fresh, although ^^1 e 
rajiid sale of the goods alone would make it imjxjssible to secure anything 
but fresh products at any time. The entire output is marketed under the 
firm name at the popular price of ten cents a package. 

Best (piality farina is used exclusixel}- in the manufacture of the 
macaroni and spaghetti turned out here, while the highest standard of flour 
and eggs is used in the manufacture of egg noodles. Nothing is left to 
guess-work in the selection of ingredients and materials. Everything is 
scientiticall}- tested, and if it does not come u]) to the Mueller standard it 
IS immediately rejected. In a few months the}" expect to moye in their new 
]dant, located on the corner of Baldwin avenue and High street, Jersey City. 
X. I., which will give them an increased capacity of three times their present 



i. 1. lElia 


. I'.l .1 A, w ho o\vn^ and 
conilucls tlie smoking 
l)il)f case factory at 
^•^SS l\tTri;^an Avenue, West 
I lohoken. is one man who has 
hrouiL^'hi a novel and successful 
husiness to Xorth Hudson. 
The character of tlie business 
is such that it is known froi> 
coast to coast thrnuj^hout tiii 
L'nited States and it is 
])i"()l)ahl\ tlie lari^est concern 
di\oted exclusively to the 
nianu faclurr' ol lii])e cases in 
tlu' t-ountr\. 

Mr. luia employs fifty 
workmen at his place. As the 
business is but seven years 
old. it is easy to realize thai 
with this force, it must have 
been successful. And Mr. 
I'dia is \'ery proud, and justlv 
so, of the success he has made. 
This c luld not have been 
done had it not l)een that he 
was experienced in the line 
before coming' to West IIo- 

A visit to the lactcjry of Mr. bdia is a revelation. He is constantly turn- 
ing- out a larg'e number and variety of cases called for b\ ])ipe manufacturers 
in all i)arts of the country. His specialty, of course, is in the cases for the 
higher class pipes. l)ut he turns out no end of cases of all descriptions. In 
s])cakino- of pipe cases, one must know that this includes cases for cigar and 
cigarette holders. As these, as well as pipes, vary greatly in size, shape and 
ornamentation, it is necessary to lia\e a great number of patterns on hand and 
to be constantlv manufacturing new patterns and variations of pattern to meet 
the demand of the trade. This is all done by a force of skilled workmen, for 
in the manufacture of jjattcrns .skilled workmen alone can get the desired 

The manufacture of pi]ie cases is interesting. Certain kinds of wood 
must be used. This must l)e carved, warped and seasoned, b>- hand and ma- 
chinerv, before it is ready for the leather which covers it on the outside and 
the ])lush with which it is lined inside. This leather and felt must be attached 
in such a manner as to make it appear that the case is made of leather and 
plush. There can be no loose ends, for this would spoil the beauty of the case 
and detract from the selling ])rice of the pipe enclosed, no matter how good 
the pipe. As onlv the best i)ipes are sold in cases, it can be seen that the work 
must be done with a care and i)recision which it is not necessary to su])pl\- 
witli mail}- other lines of industry. 

Withal, the mamifacturi' of pii)e cases is the work of an artist. The de- 
signs must follow the lines of the i)ipe closely and the pijie must ht in the 
case as snugglv as if each were l)ut part of the other. This Mr. Elia has suc- 
ceeded in doing in his busy little factory and it is no wonder that his trade ex- 
tends from IMaine to California and from Canada to the gulf of Mexico. _ 

Mr. Elia has one hobl)\ besides his busines.s — his family. He is married 
and is the father of two children. 


Jirrbauiknt iru inrk QI0. 

\ '^ 

^W HE Weehawken Dry Dock Company at the foot of Baldwin avenue, on 
i|L the river front in \\'eehawken. is one of the most important of the in- 
^^ dustries of the kind in the entire country, and it has vessels from the 
entire world stopping" at its docks for repairs. 

The business has l:)een established for many years. It is constantly 
growing because of the excellence of the service rendered. Work left in charge 
here is promptly executed and in many cases promptness is a great factor. 
Quality of work, however, is not impaired by promptness of execution, and 
under no circumstances is any vessel docked here allowed to leave the dock 
until repairs are complete and she is in a perfectly seaworthy condition. 

Of course, much of the work done is among the river vessels, especially 
those which ply between New York and Albany. These vessels are put to a 
much more severe strain tlian one would suppose, and everv winter thev 
have to undergo a thorough overhauling at the hands of ship builders and 
repair men. The thoroughness of the work at the Weehawken Drv Docks 
has brought there much of this class of work. 

It is really an interesting sight to watch the overhauling of vessels which 
go into drydock for this purpose. Carpenters, blacksmiths, caulkers, painters 
and builders of all kinds are required to locate and repair the faults upon 
which the lives of patrons of boating depend. Any fault that is left when a 
vessel is overhauled is likely to prove a fatal one" at some future time and 
for this reason the most thorough work in examination and repair is required. 

Any dry dock at the busy season is a hive of industry. The Weehawken 
Dry Dock is more than ordinarily so. A great force of' men is required at 
all times, and kept constantly employed. At times there are day and night 
shifts required. The night shifts work under the rays of a powerful search 
light which makes the scene as light as day. 


JiiUiam ^rljtm^iT Sc (En. 

AMONCi the industrial concerns which lia,ve made Jludson County 
famous tlirou.q-liout the entire civiHzed world may be mentioned 
William Schini])er (!v Co., manufacturers of sil\er-])lated novelties, 
sterling- silver and metal goods, the ])lant of which tirm is located at 322-338 
Ferry Street, Hoboken, and of which J<ol)ert R. Debacher is i)resident. 

This mammoth business, the largest of its kind in the countrw and 
which constantly eiu])loys from 250 to 350 peo])le, was established in 1X67 
])\- the late ('leorg'e Scliinii)er. Uixm the death of ( ieorg^e Schimper, William 
aU(t 1 lieodore Schmiper continued the business until l^heodore's death at 
wliich time \\'illia.iu Schimi)er arlmitted Robert R. Debacher and John R. 
Mahlstedt to partnershi]). Upon the death nf William Schimper 
Debacher and Mahlstedt ])nrchased his interest in tlie concern from the 
widow and in 1902 incorporated the business under the laws of the State 
of New jersey with a capital of v$30o,ooo. 'i\vo years ag^o Mr. Mahlstedt 
retired and sold liis interest in the corporation to Mr. Debacher, who ir 
now the owner of all but a few shares of the stock. 

Mr. Debacher's rise in the business world has been continuous and 
steady. He became associated with the Schimper plant when a boy. From 
apprentice he was rapidly advanced to the position of senior partner and 
the presidency of the company, due solely to the fact that he is a thoroughly 
skilled mechanic, understood the workings of the concern from all its angles 
and is a competent and ])ractica.l business man. 

When Mr. Mahlstedt retired his duties were taken over bv J-Lrnest F. 
.*>chultz. treasurer of the corporation. Mr. Schultz is a certified accountant 
of the University of New York, and before his association with this corpor- 
ation practiced as such. He lias proven a very valuable assistant to the 
o])erations of the cor])oration and wotild be greatly missed if through force 
of circumstances he should be compelled to retire. 

Herman Behrens. secretary, has been connected with the house of 
Schimper for more than twenty years, and has. through long service and 
continuous study. l)ecome well fitted to execute the duties allo^tted to him. 

The entire histor\- of the house has been one of ])rogress, due to the 
fact that it has always been the policy to preser\e the integrity of the firm 
and its manufactures even against the keen competition of inferior goods 
and chea])er ])rices for the "just as good"" kind. No emjdovee of the concern 
is allowed to sacrifice cpiality for ])rofit and all are under the supervision 
of skilled and trustworthy heads of departments in which they are employed. 

File factory itself is well lighted and well ventilated. The people 
employed there are contented. Thex' are paid good wages an.d thev are 
not worked like slaves. The men in control of the various departments 
are very human and are instructed to regard those under their supervision 
as such. At the same time perfect discipline and splendid decorum pre\ail. 
The stranger is always treated courteously. The conditions at the plant 
are ideal for all. and it is the polic_\- to keep satisfactory employees as long 
as possible. 

Numerous and varied are the articles manufactured. The\- include, 
among other things, toilet sets, cond) and brush sets, hair brushes, hat anti 
cliith hiushes, militar\- brushes and sets, manicure sets and fittings, card 
cases, vanit\' buxcs. pull and i)oma(le jars, trinket boxes, bonbon baskets, trays 
and vases, picture frames, calendars, thermometers, ink-stands, desk fitting^s, 
hand mirrors, swinging mirrors, shaving mirrors, standing mirrors, trip- 
liacte mirrors, whisk brooms and holders, smokers' sets, ash receivers, 
cigarette and tobacco boxes, match safes, cigar and cigarette jars, humidor.s, 
eyeglass and s])ectacle cases, soa|) boxes and novelties for advertising 

Besides the main ])lant the firm has a shcnvroom at 652 Broadway, New- 
York City, wdiere buyers from all over the United States, its colonies, Canada 
and Furope are welcomed. 


®. 01. iKtnkraft 

SI. K1XKJ''.AI). wholesale grocer at f)08 Newark avenue, Jersey City, 
is one of those old lime l)usiness men wlv) has l)nilt up a splendid 
* l)atronage 1)\ methods upon which there can be cast not a shadow of 
-har]) practice. He has always been content to make a fair profit as a middle- 
man and has never been guilty of boosting prices unless he was compelled to 


o so 

bv the rise of Sfoods as thev came to him. It is safe to sav that at 

such times as the recent European war, when so many jobbers and middle- 
men were boosting prices on home products because it was feared that they 
would ha\e to pay more for the next lot the}- ordered. Mr. Kinkead simply 
charged his patrons the regular prices so long as the sup])l}- lasted. If, after 
that, he had to raise the prices it was because he himself had to pay more 
for the actual goods on which he raised his patrons. 

Mr. Kinkead is nfit a speculator — not a get-rich-quick gentleman. He 
is a solid, substantial business man. one with whom it is a pleasure to do 
business. He handles none but the staple and standard lines of goods. No 
persuasion could induce him to try something that had not been tried and 
found worthy, no matter how great the financial inducements. It is by solid 
men such as Mr. Kinkead that large business enterprises are built. 

In politics Mr. Kinkead has never dabbled. He thought he had all he 
could do to properly conduct the afifairs of his business. He has done a vast 
amount of good in a quiet, charitable way, l)Ut of his benevolences little are 
I'.eard. Meet with Mr. Kinkead and \ou immediatelv feel ymi ha^•e met with 
a man who grasps his business afifairs and executes them in a (|uiet, efficient 

Although he devotes a great part of his time t(") his liusiness. Mr. Kinkead 
finds time to give to his family and is fond of home life after the struggle of 
the busy business day. He lives in a modest home at 565 Pavonia avenue. 
Jersey City, and has no greater enjoyment than a quiet evening at home 
wdien circumstances and business will permit. 


I^i^xam^r Stftinij Araftrnty 

No I<"X'ri'". RPR IS 1{ in lludsnii ("oiinty is of more importance in its line, 
or more noteworthy, than the Mexamer Ri(lin<^ Academy, from which 
lias sprung^ the Hohoken Carriage and Cab Company and the Ilexa- 
mer Auto Company. These three allied industries are all under the ])ersonal 
-uperxision and direction of A. W llexamer. who has a. ca])acity for business 
exceeded by no one in the entire county. 

The Hexamer Riding- Academy was established in 1S50. It has enjoyed 
a continuous existence since that time. It started first as a riding academy, 
pure and simple, where riding lessons were given t<^ some of the foremost 
people of the country. In the old days many of the notables of New York 
were habitues of the riding academy and to this day its meets are patronized 
by beaut\- and fashion. It is the highest class business of its kind in the 
east, if not in the entire country. 

From the riding academy developed the renting and sale of horses for 
large functions and to prominent people. From these stables are furnished 
horses to the states of New Jersey, New York and Connecticut for military 
maneuvers, and many horses have been sold and shi])ped abroad for the 
stables of the great powers of the old world. 

Then came the organization of the Hoboken Carriage and Cab Comi)a.ny. 
The service rendered by this company early proved a superior one and this 
branch of the business grew and prospered. Probably in the entire county 
there is no such array of carriages, cabs and taxi cabs as to be found here, 
and no service business of the kind is conducted with such dis])atch as that 
of the Hexamers. Here one may secure, at any hour of the day or night, 
just what he w^ants in the matter of equippage, whether horse drawn or 
motor. The carrages. cabs and taxicabs are ke])t in splendid condition and. 
give the impression of private vehicles, which the}- are to all intents and 
purposes, as the drivers and chauffeurs are all gentlemenly and know^ their 
business to the end of the last lesson. 

Then followed the Hoboken Auto Company. This was first started as 
an agencv onlv. With the backing of the Hexamer Riding Acadeni}- and the 
Ploboken Carriage and Cab Company back of it. the auto company proved 
a success from its inception. It handled a superior class of cars, gave su- 
l)erior ser\ice to its jjatrons and soon acquired such a rei:)Utation that it was 
recognized as the foremost organization of its kind in Hudson County and 
the com|)an_\- was made the Hudson Count^ distributor for the Hudson Motor 
Company, manufacturers of the famous Hudson autom()l)iles. The company 
has constanth- on hand a splendid line of these famous cars, and the manage- 
ment is ready to give a demonstration to a prospective purchaser at any time. 

Some idea of the magnitude of the business of the three companies mav 
be gleaned from the fact that there are constantlv employed at the main 
offfce. stables and garages. 21=^-22^^ Hudson street. Hr.boken, and the Jersey 
City branch. 2529 Hudson Boulevard, fifty-two people to look after the busi- 
ness of the combined concerns. This does not include occasional chauffeurs 
and hel})ers who are called in whenever ocasion demands, but is simply the 
regular empl(\vees on the payroll from xear to year. 

Of course such a business as that combined in the three concerns cannot 
be managed successfully except b\' efficient ser\ice in everv department. 
This Mr. Hexamer has secured. The discipline in all the departments is 
perfect, the men know their work, evervone has his own task to perform. 
That it is performed well speaks well for the management. These details 
are supervised personally bv Mr. Hexamer and his able foremen and super- 
intendents. E^•ery man is held accountable to his immediate superiors, and 
the business is conducted as smoothly as a carefully greased machine. 

Much credit is due Mr. Hexamer for the mammoth business he has built 
up and conducted in such an honorable manner that it has a reputation for 
fair dealing and integrity second to none in the country. 


E il Haruionb & (£0. 

No SINGLE firm is better known than that of E. H. Horwood & Co.. 
manufacturer of brassieres and children's underwaists at 1007 Grand 
street. Hoboken. lliis firm was founded in 1874 by the late E. H. 
Horwood, who was one of the most respected and generally beloved men in 
Hoboken at the time of his death, and since that sad event has been carried 
on exclusively by members of the Horwood family. Since the death of the 
elder Horw^ood the firm has been incorporated, but there has been no change 
of the liberal policy of the founder toward the two hundred and fifty or more 
employees engaged at the factory. The capital stock is valued at $100,000, 
is fully paid in and there is none of it on the market. 

Besides the Hoboken factory the firm has an oftice and salesrooms in 
the Fifth Avenue building. 200 Fifth avenue, New^ York City. Although the 
output of the Hoboken factory is used exclusively in the United States, goods 
are manufactured in Canada tinder the Horwood patents. 

Associated with E. H. Horwood when the firm was started was C. L. 
Horwood. Work was begun in a small way. but the firm prospered from 
the beginning. In 1890 C. S. Horwood entered the business, assuming charge 
of the factory end. E. H. Horwood continued the ofiice management until 
his death in 1913, since which time C. S. Horwood has had full charge of all 

Brassieres and tmderwaists manufactured by E. H. Horwood & Co. are 
fully protected by patents which place the products in a class by themselves. 
Superior workmanship, cutting and designing along scientific lines and per- 
fect fit of normal forms have been the chief reasons for the high stamling of 
the Horwood goods in trade circles. 

Of course, the chief local interest in the firm centres around the late 
E. H. Horwood. The January issue of the Board of Trade Bulletin of 
Hoboken contained a fitting tribute to the life of a man who had made himself 
and his works so generally beloved in his adopted town. 

Edward H. Horwood was born in Toronto, Canada, in 1845. He began 
his l)usiness career at an early age. When he was eleven years old he was 
entrusted with the task of running a complete set of ledgers. Before the age 
of eleven he had waded through all the delightful intricacies of Shakespeare; 
but his reading was not confined to his early }-ears. for books afforded him 
ideasure throughout his entire busy life. He always remained a reader of 
good books and no topic of general interest escaped his notice. 

On December 30th, 1863, he married Charlotte Louise Skinner at Niagara 
I^^alls, Canada. About four years later he moved to Bridgeport, Connecticut, 
where he went int(» business; and forty years ago he came to Hoboken. 

Mr. Horwood was President of the Board of Trade for two terms, be- 
coming a trustee upon the expiration of his term. He was also greatly inter- 
ested in the aft'airs of the National Board of Trade at the same time. Im- 
mediately upon his affiliation with the Hoboken Board of Trade. Mr. Horwood 
entered into the work of the organization with a characteristic zeal. His 
work on local committees is too well known to need comment. 

He was keenly interested in and associated with the \tlantic Deeper 
Waterways Association and was an ardent supporter of the project for inland 
waterways ; he represented the Board at the Lake Mohonk Peace Conference, 
each year since the inception of the Congress, being a firm believer in inter- 
national arbitration. His last activity of note was when he undertook the 
< "hairmanship of the Budget Exhibit Committee which, however, he was 
forced to resign owing to his failing strength. 

Notwithstanding his devotion to his home, Mr. Horwood was identified 
with the Columbia Club and gave a portion of his time to its ui)building. He 
was also a member of the Royal Arcanum, and was closely identified with 
church inteersts. He had a hobby for flowers and took great delight in cul- 
ti\ating them. 


/■ft^ ' ' ' * I )1 M l{ LKA, lessee and nianai^er of Lafayette Hall, the famous 
\f\J anui-emeiit resort at i()0 i'alisade avenue, West Hoboken. is among 
the niiist ])()|)iilar men df his calling' in the entire count}', lie- is well 
known from one end of the county to the other, and tlie report that he had 
leased Lafayette Hall immediately brought to that place a new lease of life. 
The patronage there had gradually grown smaller after the death of Mr. 
Ohmann, the former ])roprietor, but as soon as Dibelka took hold, things 
livened up until now it has resumed all its former gayety and a little beside. 

Connected with Lafayette hall there are sexeral splendid bowding alleys 
and here the oldest clubs of North Hudson, comjjrising some of her most 
solid citizens, ha\e their head(|uarters. There is also a splendid large open 
room, wdiich is used either for a. dining room or a dancing paxilion, as occa- 
sion demands, and this is always open and bn^\' nowada_\'s. 

Dibelka makes a specialty of his dinners, especially Stindax' dinners. The 
cooking is of the wdiolesome German style so greatly in demand in this sec- 
tion, and the food served is of the best the market afTords. The consequence 
is that this branch of his business has become well known to good livers 
throughout the entire county. 

\h\ Dibelka makes it a point to ha.\e good entertainment as well as good 
eating at his place. Such music as that furnished by the Ritz-Carlton or- 
chestra of the steamshi]) \"aterland and other equalh' as noted musical 
organizations are often found at this resort. It is an international hall, Ger- 
mans, French, Italians and English mingling in profusion. .Ml are genial 
souls and despite the ^'ariet}' of nationalities there is ne\'er an\- discord. 

Albrrt 01. S^^jtuyrr 

ALr.l'.KT C. Eri'l\(;KR, bottler of lieer at 211 Franklin .street. L^nion 
Hill, has built up a patronage in this line of business which it is hard 
to hnd duplicated in the whole of the northern ])art of the county. 
He makes a specialty of bottling for the famil}' trade, and the brands he 
handles are among the best known. He sells direct to the families and at 
the lowest prices compatible with good beers and good service. 

It is this service upon wdiich he prides himself. AVhen beer is ordered 
from him, the |)erson who orders it is sure of haxing it delivered when he 
wants it. In all the titue Mr. Fppinger has been in the business he has yet 
to recei\e a complaint of any order giA'cn him or sent to his works being 

With good beer and good service his trade has grown to such propor- 
tions that he is thinking seriously of enlarging the bottling capacity of his 
plant. It will ha\'e to be done in the near future if the present outlook con- 

1 1 

jfrcb. Hngrns 

fRED HAGANS. who conducts the C^iermania Schuetzen Park in North 
Bergen, which is without question the busiest and largest amusement 
resort in Hudson County, is a man peculiarly fitted for the manage- 
ment of so enormous an enterprise. He has been in the amusement business 
for many years past. At one time he conducted Odd Fellows' hall in Ho- 
boken and the old Central hall, since razed for the march of progress on 
Central avenue, jersey City, was also once under his direction. 

In all the years he has been before the public as a caterer to amusement 
lovers, he has retained the favor of a large and growing number of friends. 
This has been made possible through the liberality with which he treats the 
people who come to him. This liberality has been known to overstep the 
bonds of good business at times, but of late years Hagans has managed his 
affairs a little closer than formerly, at the same time giving his patrons all 
the leeway that he can compatible with good business principles. 

Schuetzen Park, which he manages, is the property of the Plattdeutsch 
Volksfest Verein. the organization which annually gives the four days' affair 
for charity and the maintenance of the Fritz Retiter Altenheim. has become 
one of the most famous amusement resorts in the metropolitan section under 
the management of Mr. Hagens. There are two big dancing halls, a large 
iiimiber of splendid bowling alleys, three enormous pavilions, a splendid 
system of rifle ranges, no end of amusements, etc., etc. Then there is the 
magnificent old castle, which is now conducted as a place of refreshment. 
This is a famous show place, and has been for many years. The old castle 
hall is hung with coats of arms, battle axes, etc., and presents all the charac- 
teristics of a baronial castle in feudal times. (Jf cotirse. it is fitted up with 
modern conveniences, btit these have been so hidden that the character of 
the place still remains medieval. A visit to the castle is well worth whilie 
to the person who revels in feudal history, and cannot fail to be interesting 
to one who \-iews it for t'ne first time. 

(Hharlps itPlH 

fflHARLES Dietz, florist, with hot houses at 4063 Boulevard, North 
Bergen, is among the best known florists in all North Hudson. He 
has long been recognized as one of the chief growers of flowers and 
potted plants in this section, and his annual trade is one of which any horti- 
culturist could well feel proud. 

Mr. Dietz has a natural love for his work as a florist. His is a business 
where care and pains show the best results, and it is through these qtialities 
that he has been enabled to make for himself a name in the horticultural 
world. In all the big flower marts of the metropolis his name and his 
flowers are so well known that when they come from him they are accepted 
withotit a question. 

\\'hile Mr. Dietz is a horticulturist with a love for the flowers and potted 
plants which he raises, he is also a splendid business man. He looks after 
the offfce details as well as the growth of flowers in his business. He is 
one of the solid, substantial men of the county. Withal he is jolly and full 
of fun. and outside of business hours is a favorite in social circles of his 



Jii the Mthitixl iFiflii 

3N the medical field lludsdii Count}- has advanced as ra])idl_\- as in other 
l)ranches of the arts and sciences. P^)r many years past her medical 
men have !)een greatly admired, their services greatly demanded and 
iheir diagnoses and opinions greatly respected by their fellow i)ractitioners 
in other municipalities. In earlier times were the Hornhlowers. three gen- 
erations of whom are still li\ing, whose fame as experts in the medical field 
has spread far and wide. In these days many of her physi.cians have accjuired 
lame in the medical world, in surgery and in natural and drugless healing 
as well. 

There are numerous public, semi-public and private hospitals, all fully 
e(|ui])i)ed for operations and treatment of diseases. Jersey City's new city 
institution. Christ Hospital and St. Francis' Hospital are well known for their 
good work. In Hoboken. St. Mary's Hospital is regarded as a model of its 
kind, while the North Hudson Hospital, with its recent new addition, is now 
regarded as among the best in this section. Throughout the county are 
numerous private hospitals, all conducted on a. high plane of excellence. At 
Snake Hill, or Laurel Hill as it is now known, are an isolation hos]Mtal for 
contagious diseases and a hospital for the insane, which is regarded as the 
finest in the State, and second to none in the country. 

Hudson County is also the home of several well known surgeons. These 
include such men as Dr. Gordon K. Dickinson, who is nationally known for 
hi- skill with the knife, and Dr. Joseph Manuel Rector, whose remarkal)le 
operation resulting in the cure of a girl whose sjMne was so badly broken 
that her recovery was dispaired of, made him famous in surgical circles. 

The newer cults of drugless healers. naturo])aths, chiropractors and os- 
teopaths are also quite numerous in all the municipalities of the county. Re- 
markable instances of cures the\- have performed are beccjming more and 
more wideh' known. 


Sr. (S. iCouis NirhDls 

0R. (j. Louis Xichuls, one 
of the leading phy- 
sicians of H u ci son 
County, comes of a family 
that has been distinguished 
for generations in the medical 
l)rofession. His father. Dr. 
iM'ank Nichols, now eighty- 
one years of age and living in 
retirement since i()02 at Man- 
hattan r.each. California, 
ranked high among the phy- 
sicians of New Jersey in his 
day. He was an incorpo- 
rator and charter member of 
the State Homeopathic Medi- 
cal Society, organized in 
18^7. and was later ]jresident 
of the societw lie was also 
a member of the Xew Jersey 
Aledical Society, an exclu- 
sive organization of sixteen 
]ih}sicians which existed over 
tbirt\- years age. Ikfore he 
studied medicine he was ])rin- 
cipal of the Reading Institute, 
Reading. Pa. He was horn 
at Sturbridge, Mass., and 
was a graduate of the Hahne- 
mann Medical College of 
Philadelphia, at that time 
known as the Homeopathic 
Medical College of Penn>yl\ ania. He practiced in Grafton, Mass., and 
Somer\ille. X. J., before locating- in Hoboken in 1861. In Hoboken he took 
a prominent part in public attairs, l)eing ^■ice-president of the Hoboken Bank 
for Savings until he took up his residence in California, and for over twenty 
^•ears deacon and treasurer of the b^irst Baptist Church. 

Dr. Cr. Louis Nichols, the subject of this sketch, was born in Hoboken 
.September 2T. 1871. He attended Martha Institute and the public schools 
of the ci:y until his sixteenth year, when he entered the Collins Street Clas- 
sical School at Hartford. Conn., conducted l)y Dr. Reed. In i88q he entered 
Colgate College. Hamilton. N. ^^. of which his older brother, the late Dr. 
Harry F. Nichols was a graduate, and studied there for a year, at the end 
of wdnch time he l)egan his medical studies at the New York Homeopathic 
Medical College and Flower Hospital. Graduating in 1893, he went to Chicago 
to take a special course in surgery under Professor Pratt, after which he was 
appointed house surgeon of (irace Hospital, New Haven, Conn., and visiting- 
surgeon of the New Haven Industrial Home. In 1894 he located at Stafford 
.Springs. Tolland C'ounty. Conn., opening a practice that (|uickl\' became a 
large and lucrative one. While there he was a member of the Tolland 
County Homeopathic Medical Society and of the Massachusetts Southern 
Medical Society. 

The death of his brother. Dr. Harry Nichols, in March. 1902. decided 
the father. Dr. Frank Nichols, with whom he had been associated since 1887. 
to retire from professional work, and Dr. Louis Nichols then gave up his 
practice in Connecticut to assume charge of the one in Hoboken. Thu^ 
the name of Nichols has been associated with the medical profession for 


over a half centurv in the .\lilc-S(|uarc C'it} . and tur (i\ er fdrty years it has 
remained over the door of the did family home at 7J3 Washington Street, 
the present residence of the subject of this sketch. 

Dr. Nichols is a member of the followin.g organizations: Massachusetts 
Southeast Medical Societ\-. C'onnecticnt State Medical Society, American 
Institute of Homeopathy: Sons of the American Rexolution. F.uclid Lodge 
of Masons, A. F. and A. M . 1 ,V'- Moboken. St. John's ("ommandery. No. 11, 
K. T.. Willimantie. Conn., Sphinx 'i\'mi)li-, A. .\. ( ). N. M. S,, Hartford, 
Conn., Connecticut .^oxereign Consistory. S. 1'. I\. S., llai"tfor(l. Conn.. Hud- 
son Ca\alr\ 'I'roop, lloboken I!. IV ( '. \\. Xo. 74. and St. Tanl's b'piscopal 
( 'hnrch. Jde was an incor])orator and is a director o| tlu' .Munro (.K: ^fussx- 
I'en Co.. of Newark, X. J. Me is unmarri''d, 

I )r. Walter IC Xichols. a \dmiger brother, a graduate of the Leland 
Stanford L'ni\ersit\- of California, has a lucratixe ])ra.ctice at Pasadena, 
tab. where he is associated with Dr. Ideeker. "He married Miss I\ttella 
lietliel of Henderson, K}., also a graduate of Leland .Stanford. They have 
two daughters. 

Dr. Ilarrx' F. Nichols was a, graduate of the New \'ork Homeopathic 
Medical College and Flospital Class of '87. He married .\Ii>^ Lena (irace 
L\)Ster of Hamilton, N. Y., who survives him. .\nothcr brother, Frank ICar- 
ton Nichols, a graduate of .Stex'cns Institute of Technologx-, lloboken. died 
July M). 1 888. 

I )i-. .Xichols" uKTther was Mary .\. Barton, a daughter of Jedediah 
Ikirton of Worcester. Mass.. and a second cousin of ( 'lara Rarton of Red 
Cross fame. The love for the medical ])rofession is a double inheritance of 
the son. a maternal ancestor, bd)enezer Fierce, who fought in the Revolution. 
lia\ing been an M. D.. while a maternal uncle, Jedediah Afarcus Barton, is 
a practicing ])hysician of Worcester, ALiss., and a cousin, William H. Marcv. 
of Buffalo, ffis father's brother. Dr. George Nichols, of Brooklyn, and 
three of his sons, add to the list on that side of the family. 

The historv of the Nichols famih dates back to the reign of Edward 
the Confessor, when Nicholas de .\ll)ini, also given bv some chroniclers as 
Nigel and Nicholl, went o\'er from Normandy to Scotland and was the 
common ancestor oi the X'^ichols family. The original grant of arms to 
Nichols and Nicholl is recorded in the \ imitation of Liecester in 1619 by 
August A'incent (Rouge Rose.) King Robert Bruce is another ancestor of 
the family on the Distaff side. 

The American branch of the famih' was established earlx' in the seven- 
teenth century by one Sargeant Frank Nichols, one of the original proprietors 
of the Stratford New Haven colonw A history of the family compiled by 
\\"alter Nichols, a librarian of the Bridgeport Public Library, gives much in- 
teresting data of the Puritan stock as well as the history farther back. The 
records of the Revolution show Dr. Nichols to be entitled to his membership 
in the Sons of the American Revolution through ancestors of both sides of his 
father's and mother's familw F.dmund Nichols. .Sr., Samuel Richardson, 
Dr. Ebenezer Pierce and Jedediah Barton being the men wdio fought for 
the independence of the American colonies from British rule in 1776. Of 
the present generation a cousin, Henry Nichols, was killed in the Civil War 
as he ran across an exposed valley bearing a message he had volunteered 
to carrv to the other side of the field. 


^j^ury AuirrDg i^ntm^l, M. i. 


4h HOTWET. M. D., 
^^ whose home and of- 
fice is at No. 4. CUfton Ter^ 
race, W'eehawken, and who is 
one of the most successful of 
North Hudson physicians, 
was l3orn in SpiUviUe, Iowa. 
Xdvemhcr 2. 1874. His par- 
ents were Alexander and 
In.L^cr Hotwet and were 
amon^- the best known and 
most i)Opular citizens of the 

l*"rom his boyhood, youni^ 
I lot wet was studious and his 
inclination toward education 
was fortunately gratified. 
After leaving the common 
school of Spillville. he at- 
tended the \'alder Business 
College and Normal School 
at Decorah, Iowa ; the High- 
land Park College of Phar- 
macy, Desmoines, Iowa ; tlie 
\ alparaiso University, \ al- 
])araiso, Ind. ; and the Chi- 
cago School of Aledicine and 
Surgery, Chicago. 111. 
With an education so well founded he traveled extensively in America and 
is registered as a i)]iarmacist in New York City and State, the State of Colorado, 
and the State of Illinois. As a physician lie is registered in the State of Illinois 
and the State of New jersey, where he has settled down to complete his life 
work so auspiciousl\ begun. 

Dr. Hotwet's e<lucalion and his personality have brouglit him in touch with 
the leading men oi his profession throughout the country. He is a member of 
the Hudson Countv Medical Society, the New Jersey State Medical Society, the 
American Medical Association, and the Alumni Association of \'alparaiso Col- 
lege. He is also a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine and of the 
the Academv of Medicine for Northern New Jersey in Newark, as well as an 
honorary meiuber of the Physico-Chemical Academy of Palermo. Italy. 

Dr. Hotwet believes that the physician should take care of himself and en- 
joy his recreations as well as his patients. He is a finu believer in exercise and 
outdoor sports. He believes that man should get close to nauire at times and 
that there is no greater or better sedative for tired nerves and physical and men- 
tal exhaustion than getting back to nature. He is fond of hunting and fishing 
hiiiiself and enjoys those sports as often as possible. He has some splendid 
trophies of his skill as a sportsman on both land and water. He also enjoys 
automobiling, and with congenial companions, finds this one of his chief sources 
of pleasure. He is an ardent trapshooter and president of the Mohegan Gun 
Club of North Bergen, which meets every Saturday afternoon for the purpose 
of enjoying that pastime. 


To a man whose tendencies lead him to the chase and fishinj; grounds it 
is indeed a pleasure to hear Dr. Hotwet converse on these subjects. He has 
no end of good stories to tell of encounters in the mountains and at the lakes. 
Me has the data to hack up all his tales and often there is also physical proof in 
the shape of trophies, etc., as well. The doctor, however, is not one of those 
men who tells hunting and fishing tales in order to glorifv himself and so those 
tales are not of such a nature that ])ro()f is demanded. 

Dr. Ilotwet ahliors a iiatiu-e faker. I la\ing lived so nuicli in the ojjcn and 
having seen so much of the tlora and funa of America he is able to detect a nature 
faker at once and makes no delay in denouncing one. alth(mgh he never rushes 
into print for the sake of contradiction. He tells his observations to his friends 
and intimates that something more than the truth has l)een told when a nature 
faker becomes prominent enough for notice. He believes, also, there are stranger 
things in the sea and air than have yet been discovered and so when a new dis- 
co\-er\ is made, or alleged, he gives the discoverer due credit, leaving it to others 

to tind out if there has l)een really an\ attempt at falsehood. If. however, a tale 
of discovery bears upon it the face of falsehood, he is quick to denounce iti 
to his large circle of friends. Occasions for contradiction are rare, however, 
for the true student of nature seldom tells anything but the most rigid facts in 
connection with his studies and observations. As it is the true student whose 
stories are told to the world at large, and few nature fakers gain the credence of 
the public and of learned men, the doctor is inclined to give credit unless it is 
in case of deliberate falsity or of deductionse from false observations. 

Many friends of Dr. Hotwet have tried times without number to get him 
to write his interesting and entertaining experiences and give them to the 
world at large in book form. The doctor, however, is in a way modest and he 
believes that, although he may entertain his friends, he would not prove as 
entertaining with the pen as with his conversation. So the world has lost many 
a good tale of adventure, possibly some more interesting than many which have 
been transmitted to ])ai)er l)y men more egotistical than Dr. Hotwet. 


Dr. Hotwet's life ami environments have been made snch that he has al- 
ways been independent, financially and medically, but that independence has 
never taken the form of boorishness or snobbery. The doctor is a firm believer 
in the adai^'e of the poet that "a man is a man fur a' that." That is, if a man 
proves himself to the doctor, neither poverty uuv riches has any bearing upon 
the doctor's friendsliip. This is so well understood in Xcjrth Hudson and in 
other places where the doctor is k'no^\n that he is well liked wherever he casts 
his lot. 

Such characteristics as those of Dr. llntwet are rare to iind in combination. 
He is likable, learned, gentle, kind and at the same time detests anything of 
artificialit\'. He thinks a man should be what he is and what he has made him- 
self. The doctor has every respect for the man who rises above his environ- 
ment and it is said he has lent a hel|)ing hand to more than one of his acquain- 
tences just when that helping hand was most needed and when it was most ex- 
pedient. Certain it is. that the doctor, as every other physician, has done much 
in a charitable wa_7, biU no one ever hears him tell of it. He does not believe 
that his left hand should know what his right hand does when it comes to 
charity. ' He is jierfectly willing anyone should know of his own experiences 
in wood and stream, but he holds the secrets of his poorest ]:atient as inviolable 
in his breast as if it were a secret of his own. 

Dr. Hotwet's home and office are splendidl\- fitted up and are among the 

prettiest in the entire county. He is fond of substantialitv and makes no pre- 

'tense of anything else. He is proud of his family and his son, 5 years old, Henrv 

Amerov Hotwet. jr., is the aj^ple of his e^•e. TTis wife was Fannie \ iolet \"on 



Simepb iiauupl S^or, M. i. 


'rinit_\ (Inircli 
I l.'isbrouck In- 

Al<).\'<. the- iiK-dical i.racliliuucrs of 
lludsoii County there is none more 
prominent than J()se])h Manuel 
keelcii". who is a splendid e\ani])le of the 
kind ol men the South furnishes the North 
at times. I )i'. Rector was horn in Charles- 
ton, South ( 'ai'olina. I lis ])arents were 
I'ierson RecKjr and .Mai\ I'dizaheth [vector 
( nee Jordan. ) 

1 le was educated in 
.School Xew ^()rk ( itv 
stitnte. Jersey C ity : Coliimhia CoUeg'e 
.'School of .\rts and Columhia Cnivcrsity 
School of .Medicine. Since beginning ac- 
tive ])ractice he has made a record as a phy- 
sician of ahility, one remarkal)le case heing 
recorded in the annals of the Xorth Mud- 
son I lospital, where he is hospital surgeon. 
besides being connected with the .Xorth 
1 ludson llos])ital, he is gynecologist at the 
Jersey Cit}' Hospital, surgeon of the (Ger- 
man llos[)ital, cit\- phvsician of Jersey Citv, surgeon of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Compan}-. a director of the ( lerman liosi)ital. ])ermanent delegate t(j the 
New Jersey State Medical Society, fellow of the Xew York Academy of Medi- 
cine and fellow of the Xorthcrn Xew Jersey Academy of Afedicine. He is 
also a meml)er of the Practitioners' Club of Jerse}- City, the Hudson County 
Medical Societ\- and the Association of Military Surgeons. I'raternallx he is 
prominent in Masonary, a member of the Phi Gamma Delta, the Philoxian 
Literar}- Society of Xew York C"it\' and the Union League Club of PTudson 
County. Industrially he is a director of the Rutherford Rubber Co. 

In militarx- life he has been successively: Battalion xA-Ssistant surgeon of 
the medical department, surgeon of the medical department and major of the 
medical corps, all of the Fourth Regiment, X^. (j. X^. J. He has just promoted 
successively from the rank of first lieutenant to that of luaior. 


iauib Soger AtiupU. M. i. 

SAN'll) Rt)g-er Alwcll, M. D.. with home and offices at 607 Hudson Stree":, 
lloboken, was born July 12, 1S5S, at Waterville, Oneida County, N. Y. 
He obtained his educatiim in the schools of his native town, gradu- 
ating from the Waterville Jrligh School and Academy in 1880. After a 
year of study with a preceptor, preparatory to entering a medical college, 
he began the study of medicine in the fall of 1881 in Cleveland, (jhio, and 
in the following year entered the New York Homeopathic Medical College 
and Flower Hospital in New \'<)rk Cit}-, from which institution he was gradu- 
;itcd in 1885. 

After leaving college he immediately took up the practice of medicine 
in the office of the late Dr. James Manaton, in Hoboken, to whose practice 
Dr. Atwell succeeded upon the death of Dr. Manaton. His position in the 
medical world was recognize^l by the late Governor Leon Abbett, who ap- 
pointed him to the Board of State Medical Examiners during the first two 
A'ears of the board's existence. He is a member of the New Jersey State 
Medical Societv and of the American Institute of Homeopathy. 

During his career in Hoboken Dr. Atwell has been both successful and 
prominent. He has gained the confidence of a large circle of friends and 
cliejits. His practice has always been of the better class, and therefore his 
work in institutions has been limited. Like all physicians he does a great 
deal of charitable work in an unostentatious way. and he has always been 
ready to sacrifice his own comforts to the needs of those in distress through 

Notwithstanding his large and growing practice, he has found time to 
keep thoroughl}' informed in the progress of medicine, and this has kept 
him abreast of the times so that in the treatment of ills he takes advantage 
of the modern methods which appeal to him as being efficacious, [n doing 
this he has not gone ahead with the recklessness which many physicians 
and health enthusiasts display, but rather has been careful to be sure of 
his results. He has taken good care of himself in the meantime, and bids 
fair to c(^ntintie his practice for many }ears to come. 

-Jl^REDERlCK BYRON STELLWACiEN. whose home and office are at 
^r 28 Clifton Terrace, \\'eehawken, was born in Rome, N. Y., on August 
^^ 30, 1866. His parents were I^hilip and Charlotte Stellwagen. He at- 
tended the public schools in Rome and after his preliminary education en- 
tered Union College at Schenectady, N. Y. His medical degree was obtained 
from the Albany Medical College, after leaving which he took a post graduate 
course at the New York Post (Graduate School. He also took a post graduate 
course in h^lectro-Therapy in the New York Electro-Therapeutic School. 
Here he specialized in electro-surgery. 

While a competent physician in every way. Dr. Stellwagen has a distinct 
leaning toward the practice of surgery and it is in this branch of the pro- 
fession that he excels. Many remarkai)le cures are credited to him through 
his skillful use of the knife. In his chosen field he has gained a wide and 
enviable reputation. As a diagnostician, also, he is eminent and his opinions 
are regarded highly by his brethren in the medical field. 

The doctor has a private sanitarium at Grantwood and here nuich of his 
best work has been done. He has excited the envy, but not the jealousy, of 
his contemporaries and a good many of his jjatients are obtained at their 

_ He is actively appreciative of aft'airs of local interest, especially those 
which rnake for the cure of illnesses and the i)reservation of health.' He is 
strong in his opinions and because of this he has made some enemies, but 
none will dispute his ability and even his enemies have a high opinion of 
his work. 


(fll|urbfi Alrxau&^r (Stlrljriat, M. ^. 

fflHARLES Alexander (iilchrist, iM. I)., wlio, since Octol)er, 1893. has 
practiced medicine and surg-ery in lloboken. was particularly fortunate 
in clii losing' the mile scpiare city for his lifework, for he has not only 
attained a lucrative practice there, hut he has won the respect and esteem 
of all rei)Utal)le citizens. 

Dr. (iilchrist was ])orn August 11, 1867, in West Charlton, N. Y. His 
parents were James B. Gilchrist and Anna xM. Cjilchrist (nee 13onnan). After 
attending the public schools he took a two-year course at the Newark 
Academy, Newark, Del., in 1883-1885. From here he entered the Lafayette 
College at Easton, I*a., in 1885, graduating with the degree of A. B. in 1899, 
He then attended O^lumbia University iti New York, and was graduated 
from there in 1892 with the degree of M. 1). In the same year he was given 
the degree of A. M. by Lafayette College. 

Coming to Hudson County in October, 1892. he entered Christ Hospital 
as house i)hysician and surgeon, where he remained until C)ctober, 1893, wheti 
he settled in lloboken. lie is still afhliated with Christ Hospital as one of 
the attending physicians. 

From the first he affiliated with the foremost people of his adt)pted 
city. He belongs to the Columbia Club of Hoboken, in which is enrolled all 
the prominent men oi the city. Being a physician, a great deal of his interest 
is centered in medical organizations. He is a member of the Jersey City 
Practitioners' Club, the American Medical Association and the Hudson 
County Medical Association, all of which are organized for the protection of 
the interests of physicians and surgeons and the prevention of disease as 
far as possible. 

Throughout his entire career he has been chosen as worthy of more than 
passing mention. Some of the works in which he is referred to are: Columbia 
University Catalogue, 1754 to 1906; "Universities and Their Sons," "Men 
of Lafayette College," 1891, and "College Physicians and Surgeons." 

When in lioboken I3r. Cilchrist makes his home at 916 Hudson street. 
He has also a handsome summer home at 2 St. Andrews avenue. Centre 
Island, Toronto, Canada. 


^Q^ ENRY V. BROESER, M. D.. whose home and offices are at 628 Hud- 
1f J son street, Hoboken, is one of those medical men who have specialized 
^^* along certain lines, the result being a highly trained and efficient 
diagnostician. Dr. Broeser specializes along the lines of gastro-intestinal 
diseases and in the diagnosis and treatment of the cases which come to his 
attention calls into aid the wonderful Roentgen rays by which he can actually 
see the intestinal processes and tell what is taking place there, where the 
trouble is located and what causes it. Knowing the trouble, the place of 
trouble and the cause of trouble it stands to reason that he can treat such 
diseases in a most successful manner. 

Dr. Broeser was born in Jersey City. June 7, 1869. His parents, William 
Broeser and Catharine Broeser, nee W^estphal. His early education con- 
sisted of Public School No. 6 in Jersey City, Brown's Business College, also 
in Jersey City, and the New York Preparatory .Scliool. From 1S84 to 1896 
he was with the Pennsyh-ania railroad, where he rose from the position of 
office boy to that of train dispatcher's telegrapher. He is a graduate of the 
New York Homeopathic College and Flower Hospital, in which institution 
lie was interne 1900-1902. His medical and surgical knowledge was gained 
under the most advanced tutors of the time and when he located in Hoboken 
and hung out his shingle there, he was so well equipped with the knowledg'e 
of the human l)ody, its ailments and their cures, that success was immediate. 

The doctor is not only well known in medical circles, but in financial 
afifairs he has become quite a figure. At the ])resent time he is president of 
the New Jerse}^ Mines Company of Nevada and of the Interstate Holding 
Company of New Jersey. 

He de\dtes a considerable portion of his time to medical societies and is 
a member of the Machoii Medical Clul), the New York Medical Association 
and the New Jersey State Medical Association. By the meml^ers of these he 
is looked upon as an authority in the special lines along which he ]M-actices, 
and his ad\'ice is often sought. He is the senior examiner of the Prudential 
Insurance company for the Hoboken district. 

A\'hen at leisure, the doctor takes in a baseball game. He is an enthusiast 
in baseball matters, and likes nothing so well as to see his favorite teams in 
:i battle on the diamond. 


Arthur EltUiam .liuHttu. M. i. 


>^TIIL'K W ILI.IAM jl'SI"I.V. M . 1).. 
is one of Ndrlli lludson's youno-- 
est |)liy>iciaiis. I If was l)orn in 
I'liioii Mill ill iSijo. his parents bcin<^ Wil- 
liam and Xdclinc Justin. That he l(jcatc'(l 
and established his lirst ])ractice there, that 
[hv ])ractiee is a Incrative one and that he 
nninhers amon^' Iii> i)alients some of the 
foremost families of the iieii[^hl)orh(jod. 
shows just (how his^'h (he stands in thd 
esteem of ihnsc who ha\e k-no'\n him from 
1)()\ hood. 

I )r. Justin is a ]iro(ku-l oi the Union 
Mill scliiit)ls. inclndinL;" the lli^'h School, 
of which he is a graduate. .\s a physi- 
cian he is a g'radua.te of ( ornell Univer- 
sity Medical College in 1911. and also was 
interne and is a 1913 graduate of Bellevuc 
llosi)ital. X. \\. where he acquired a 
splendid knowledge of common and 
special ailments. He settled in Union 
Mill at 34S Mumholdt Street, corner 
jpecial a.ilnlent.-^. Me settled in Union Hill at 54S Huniholdt Street, corner 
Hudson P)oule\ar(l, in 1913 and since that time has been one of the assistant 
A-isiting physicians at the Xorth Jludson M(_>s[)ital, where his opinions and 
diagnoses are much res])ected. 

Me was ajjpointed tow 11 ])lnsician of the Town of Union last year. Me 
lias given the town a great deal of his lime and it is claimed In- his friends that 
he is one (»f the most conscientious physicians who has ever held the oftice. 

W bile he is kept busv with his town duties and his growing clientele, he 
finds time for tlte study of the newer wonders of medicine and surgery and 
takes advantage of all the newest discoveries in the medical and surgical world 
which he regards as eificacious. Me has lieen very successful, both in his j^rac- 
tice and in the cure of disease and bids fair to rank among the leading physi- 
cians of the section. 


iCnitiB 31. Mirtz, M. 0. 

•p-OLIS j. WIRTZ. .M. J)., a native ot 
4|| Alsace-Lorraine, war born Septem- 
"^^^ ber 7, 1881. bis parents lieing Joseph 
and luigenia W'irtz. He came to West 
1 loboken when a small boy and has lived 
most of bis life there, fie is a graduate 
of St. Michael's parochial school, that 
town; St. Peter's College, Jersey City anci 
the medical L'niversity of Baltimore. He 
served as house surgeon at St. Francis 
Hospital, jersey City, for one year and 
llien took up the practice of his profession 
in West Hoboken, where he is now num- 
bered among the most prominent of the 
town's ])h\sicians. He has been school 
physician of that town, a position which he 
tilled with credit to himself and to the 
benefit of the children of the town. He 
has been solicited to enter politics many 
times, but has steadfastlv refused to do 
so. believing a political career will inter- 
fere with his chosen profession. 

Artljibalb Srupat Wl]i\s. M. i. 

AkCHIBALU Ernest < )li)p, .M. I)., whose home is at 412 High 
Street, ^^'est Hoboken, is among the most successful and most 
widely known physicians in Nt^rth Hudson. His activities in j)ublic 
affairs have brought him to the front as a i)ul)lic-spirited citizen of marked 
degree. His i)ractice is large and constantl\' increasing. His friends are 

Dr. Olpp was born in South Bethlehem. Pa., May 12, 1882. His parents 
were John C)lpp and Matilda Segel-Olpp. His early education w'as in the 
public schools of his native town, and he afterward graduated from the 
Moravian Parochial School of South Bethlehem. After his graduation here 
he attended the Pehigh University, also of South Bethlehem, from which 
he matriculated in 1903. with a degree in analytical chemistry. He then 
entered the Universitv of Pennsylvania, graduating wnth his degree in medi- 
cine in 1908. 

His edttcational w'ork was followed by that of instructor. He was a 
teacher of chemistry at the Lehigh University in 1903-1904, and an instructoi' 
at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, 1908- 1909. His work- 
here attracted the attention of eminent physicians and surgeons and he 
could have continued successfullv as an instructor had he chosen that field 
of endeavor. 

He w^as anxious to get into active practice, however, and \Vest Hoboken 
and North Hudson attracted him as a field. \\"hile here his ability has 
l)een recognized, and he has been and is now town physician for W^est 
Hoboken, school physician for the Borough of Secaucus and pathologist at 
the North Hudson Hospital, where his opinions and diagnoses are highly 
regarded bv the entire resident and visiting staff'. 

Mrs. Olpp was previous to her marriage Miss Beatrice W. Seiple, of 
Landsdale, Pa., daughter of Rev. Henry and Salome Seiple of that town. 
Dr. Olpp has one hobby outside of his work, and that is agriculture. He 
is a good farmer. He owns two estates, one at Landsdale. Pa., and one 
at Thomasville. Ga. 


SI. lirhari'i J^ayanrUt. M. i. 

^■r Ivichard I'aoanelli, Al. 1)., with home and offices at H36 (iarflcn 
i|| Street, llohukeii. was Ijoni April 5. iSXi. at San Salvo. Italy, tlis 

^^* ])arents were X'itale and Loreta .\rtese Paganelli. He came to 
this countr\- when but a hoy and received his early education here, lie is 
a sj)lendid c.\am])le of the (i])])( Mlunities afiorded foreig"n-l)orn citizens if they 
but apply themselves in their chosen line of endeavor. 

r)octor Pag"anelli was i^ra.duated from Public .School Xo. Ji, in New 
\'i>rk Citv. as well as the su])plenientary department of Public School No. 
79. the same cit\-. Me attended the DeW'itt Clinton High School, also in 
that city, and received private instruction at his home. He was gradu- 
ated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Baltimore, Aid., in 
1903. Finding Ilobokeii a good held for a doctor, he loca.ted there and has 
l)ecome eminenth- successful in his s])ecialty. which is that of oi)hthalmic 

In his specialt\- he is an authorit\ and his opinions are highl\- regarded. 
He wa.s formerly occulist and aurist for the Delaware, Lackawanna and 
W^estcrn Railroad and assistant ophthalmic surgeon for the Italian H(^s])ital 
in New \'ork City. At present he is attending ophthalmic surgeon for 
the Northern Dispensary and clinical assistant in the New York Eye and 
h'.ar Infirmary. 

In the medical and surgical world he is well known. He is a member 
of the -Vmerican Aledical .Association, Section of ( )phthmalolgy, the New Jer- 
State Medical Society, the Hudson County Aledical Society, the Hoboken 
Aledical .Society, the .Academy of A-Iedicine of Northern New Jersey and 
the Physicians and .Snrgeons .Society of Baltimore. Aid. He is secretary 
of the Tri-State .Alumni .Sc^cietv (New A^ork, New Jersey and Connecticut), 
president of the .Aluiuni of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Balti- 
more, Md., and vice-president of the Dante Alghieri .Society. He is also a 
luember of Hoboken Lodge. No. 74. Benevolent and Protective Order ( f 
i'.lks. He does a good deal of charitable work among the people, and is 
highly regarded by professional, business and society people of his adopted 
citw ' " 


MJflltam Kamlah 


LIAM KAAILAll. wlm coiulucts a 
(lru_G; store at 86 Hudson Street 
Holioken, has risen in professional 
lii'c sheerly thrcnigh the force of character 
and altainnient. He was born Xovember 
22, i8()2. in Jerse\' City Heights, his parents 
hcing Carl and Adeline Kamlah. He was 
educated at a ])rivate school in Belleville, 
until his tenth year, when he was sent to 
die Real Schule at Weimar, ( iermany, from 
1S72 ti) 187S. 

Cpon his return to the L'nited States 
Mr. Kamlah entered the wholesale drug 
business of Lehn d^c I'dnk, where he spent 
two years. He then served as a clerk in 
the retail drug business in various cities 
and finall\- in 1884 jnirchased the drug busi- 
ness at his present location, which had been 
established since 1845. He married in 

He is affiliated with the .\e\v jersey 

the Deutscher Apothcker \'ereiii of Xew York 

oboken, Hoboken Council of the Royal .Arcanum. 

\ssociation. (_"ourt Hudson Countv of the In- 

He is a life 

JMiarmaceutical \ssociation 

Cit}-. the ( ierman Club of 

Elysian Council of the Lo\ a 

dependent ( )rder of Foresters and tiie h^ull Moon IJowding Club 

meiviber of the Hoboken l.odge of Elks. 

He has a handsome hcjme at 1254 darden Street, lloboken. He i 
lover of music and the oj^era and has a passionate fondness for his home and 
family. Ilis entry into Hoboken was of so much importance that he is accord- 
ed prominent s])ace in a history published some vears ago bv the Evening News. 
Kamlah is an interesting conversationalist 
circle of friends and associates. 

a great 

;id is highh- regarded 

hv a 



T-^-itvvT ^vtfiygn /-f-r-f t -i i 1r^r~^■m-i■^^^1T'^W'^w^l•^111^• ^ ' l • ^^ry 

j^j_ . r/■r 'rt>»^^Lt^■^■lm■^^tv^L^^^y.X■TH^^■Jl > it ■Kitit x ytck 

Seal lEfitate in l^uiianu (Emmty 

•v^ AX I) \ahic> in the Mctri )i)(ililaii Zone ha\e increased enormousl}- in 
AfJ recent vears, and this is especially true in Hudson County. The real 
'^'' estate in\estor. the manufacturer, the home builder and the rent payer 
ha\-e all been turnino^ their attention toward the part of New Jersey so con- 
venient to Manhattan. Every section of Hudson Count}' has received the 
benefits which accrue through a conservative and wholesome real estate de- 
velopment. There have been no land booms and. in consequence, no infla- 
tion of real estate values ; the increase in valuation is consistent with the 
Sfrowth of the cities and towns througfhotit the Countv. 

During- the last decade Greenville, Bayonne and a large part of Jerse\^ 
City have experienced a remarkable development. Large tracts of land which 
were formerly farms, woods, or marsh land, are now dotted with numerous 
industrial establishments, or are laid out in attractive residential sections in 
which may be found the latest t_\pes of single and two-famil\- houses, apart- 
ments and flats. 

North Hudson, too, has tmdergone an amazing" transfcn-mation within 
the last ten year.s — in fact, every municipality has felt the stimulus and is 
expanding rapidly. There is not a communit}- l)Ut can boast of many new 
streets, new factories and the most modern tvjies of dwellings. 

Thousands of workers from the big citv across the river are discovering 
the ad\antages which lay at their very doors, and are taking up their abodes 
in Hudson County. 

Nor is Hudson County neglectful of the health and comfort of its citizens. 
County parks expansive in area and well laid out. aft'ord am])le recreation 
facilities for the people. These parks efficiently conducted are located in the 
various sections. In addition to attractive lawns, flower beds and well-shaded 
walks, they contain swimming and wading pciols, playgrounds for children 
c;f all ages, music pavilions, tennis and basket ball courts, running tracks and 
space for other athletic activities. In the winter, portions of these i)ark areas 
are flooded for the enjoyment of skating and curling. 


3Jam^0 ©butttfinn 

/.^|\ F ALL the buiklcTs and real estate men, James Thomson, who is re- 
i|[j garded by friends generally as "the man who put Woodcliff on the 
^-^ map,"" is pr()])alil\ the most progressi\e in the county. At any rate 
he has done more building- and sold more houses than any other man in the 
county in the face of the so called real estate slump of 1913 and 1914. 

That Thomson found no slump is due, no doubt, to his progressive 
methods, the excellence of Thomson homes and the splendid terms upon 
which one of the homes can be bought. He developed an area of tw^o entire 
streets in Woodcliff, erected thereon handsome stucco and cement one family 
houses, replete with the latest of improvements and decorations, built them 
in a substantial manner on good large lots and aluKTSt as fast as he could 
build he had them sold. 

No one can describe Thomson homes as they should be described, ihey 
cannot be left to the imagination. They must be seen to be thoroughly ap- 
l)reciated. They are really the most handsome homes oft'ered in Hudson 
county today. While there is a uniformity of interior construction in several 
designs, the outside ornamentation gives them an individuality seldom found 
in a.ny big rows of speculation property built today. They are furnished 
with the little things which make homes comfortable and cozy. Thev are 
high and dry. They offer splendid facilities for the home hunter, and they 
can be bought almost for a song, so far as the ready cash goes. The carrying 
charges are so light as to make the expense even cheaper than paying rent 
and all the while the purchaser is |)utting money into a home for himself, 
instead of into the ])ockets of a landlord. 

A little bit of the personal history of Thomson, showing how he ha.'i 
battled w-ith the world, perhaps will give the reader an insight into the char- 
acter of the man, which is reflected in the erection of his homes. Thomson 
is a Scotchman. He has been a great traveler. He spent a great deal of his 
earlier life in Australia. Africa and South America. A\'hen he came to this 
Country, he had to borrow money enough from a shipmate to i^ermit him to 
land. lie succeeded in getting in all right, and since that time has been 
V akuiR' history and homes in Hudson county. 

He had a life-time experience, that of his father before hiiu in hoiue 
develo])ment. so it becomes natural to him to Iniild a home as the public 
wants it. He s])ent his hrst few months here going around the variotis 
suburbs to see where he could best locate. After visiting about twenty 
dift'erent sections, he picked out wdiat he considered was the best three and 
from these he chose AV'oodcliff'. since when he has advised manv friends to 
get hold of AVoodclift' propert}-, as he believes it is the best location in the 
real estate market today. 

Thomson accumulated a little money, kept his eye on the Woodcliff 
property he intended to develop, finallA' got hold of it and l)egan to build. 
There are now something like sevent\-h\e houses to the ci-edit of Thomson's 
enter])rise in Woodcliff', and there are more building. 

Thomson is a man of indomitable energv. He is his own superintendent 
and architect. He personally overlooks everv l)it of work ])ut into the homes 
he has l)uilt and is building. He insists upon it that evcrvthing is done in a 
workmanlike manner. He buys the best materials, but is a close buyer. He 
pays cash every time he can save a dollar by doing so. He takes the full 
credit limit whenever there is nothing to be made by prompt payment. Those 
with whom he deals are glad to give him the credit limit, for they know 
their bills are good when the limit has expired. He contracts for nothing 
he does not see his way clear to pay for. In this manner he gets the best 
value for the least possible money. He is content with a reasonable l)uilder's 
profit tipon the homes he sells. 

Thomson is not an insurance man. He is a developer. He is a specialist 
in the field of development, and that portion of Woodcliff wdiich he has built 
will remain as a monument to him for many years to come. 


Wtlltam ?J. ffllittp 


•^^^v ^^^1 



^^K" ^^'^ 

^^^^fei-^ ^ i^'*' H^F ^V^Bi^^^^ 


•'/^ ri'TLl"' need lie said to introduce 
^J\ William 1 1. Wliite, who for the past 
"^^ l\\eni\ \ears has been \n the real 
estate and insurance business in Hoboken 
and who dnrinu^ that time has made for 
him.self a record as a r|uiet, unassuming, 
but at all times a thorough business man. 

Mr. W hite was born in Ireland, June 
'), 1N4S. lie recei\ed a comnion scIkkiI 
education, came to this country when a 
\()ung man, saw an opening for real 
estate and insurance operations and at 
once set about to make good. That he 
has done so is the testinion\- of his 
friends, who are legion. 

I'robably no man in the real estate and 
insurance business in Hoboken is better in- 
formed in these lines than Mr. White. His 
knowledge is the result of years of business 
experience. He has a thorough knowledge 
of values, is a splendid appraiser and a 
careful and conscientious underwriter. He has people on his books who have 
been with him from the first of his business career ancl he has others whose 
fathers were with him before them. He is one of those rare insurance men 
who looks first for the interests of his client and afterwards for the welfare 
of himself and the companies he represents. Yet so just is he that none of the 
companies has ever had a \\-ord of fault to fin^l with him and' his method of 

Mr. White bids fair to roiitinue his business operations in his adopted city 
for many years to come and it is the wish of his friends that he may be long 
spared to do so. 


(Elmrlffi W. SaniiaU 




ALL, architect a n ci 
builder, with home and 
business offices at the corner 
of Lake Street and Hudson 
Avenue, West Hoboken, is 
one of those men the town 
and all Xorth Hudson honors 
because he has. by his owii 
eiTorts, overcome obstacle^ 
encountered in youth and 
proven that opportunities for 
success 'are by luo means, 
tilings of the past for the 
young' man who applies him- 
self to the line of work for 
\vhich he is best fitted and 
follows it f(jr his life work. 
Mr. Randall is practical!}' 
a native (jf Xorth Hudson, 
lie was born m old Hudson 
City, near the site of the old 
court house on March 7. 1856. 
This was then only a small 
>ettlement. His parents were 
• leorge A\'. Randall and Sarah 
llillier. who came to this 
countrx' from England in the 
lluiLoii Lit\' section. Thev were married 

early forties and settled 
in this countrv. 

He comiTieiKed his schoL'ling. which was \er\ limiled, in an oM hall known 
as Leitze's Hall, on what is now Beacon Avenue, while School Xo. i of Hud- 
son City, now School Xo. n of Jersey Citv, was being Iniilt. He was one of 
the first pupils entered in the new scIkioI U])()n its completion and attended there 
until he was fourteen years of age, when he Ijegan his working days in New 
York. Since that time, with tlie exception of three or four years, he has been 
engaged in architecture. 

Beside the schooling mentione'l the oiiK' time Mr. Randall had to im- 
])rove in learning was at night scluKils, one or which was L"oo]ilt Cnion. where 
he stu(Hed architecture and applied himself so diligentlv that he (piickl}' be- 
came a finished architect. When throttgh with his course there he opened an 
ofiice as a practical architect. This was in 1886. Since that time he has been 
steadily engaged in this jjrofession and has designed and Iniilt more than 
twent_\-fi\'e hundred l)uildings, the great maj(irit\ of them homes, all through 
Hudson Count}-. He makes a specialtv of designing, building and furnishing 
money for those wdio build aufl is altogether a \"er\- bu^}' man. 

These improvements are far t<jo numerous t(j mention. .\mong them is 
the viaduct leading from A\'est Hoboken to Hoboken. The original ])romoters 
of the viaduct had in mind one leading from jerse}' City Heights to a point 
further down in Holxjken. but the Town Improvers and Mr. Randall succeeded 
in having the plans changed to that of the ])resent structure. He was one of 
the promoters of the Rex Theatre proposition, which in time is bound to suc- 
ceed and of the public market idea on the site of the proposed theatre while 
the tiieatre project was waiting development. He believes implicitl}' in these 
pro])ositions and is read} to back his belief with cash whenever necessary. 


Han$rit & Hansmi. 

'JljRI-.DERICK C. IIAXSICxV, who es- 
^r taljlislied the real estate and insur- 
^^ ance l)iisiiiess now conducted by 
liiiii in cdiijuiu-lidii with Paul A. and 
I'.aiiiest R. Ilanseu, at 274 Bergenline 
A\enue, Union llill, was born in Rends- 
buii^-. (icrniany, ScptemlxT 29, 1849. His 
parents were H. Peter I lansen and Sophia 
Hansen (nee Paschen.j They came to 
L'ninn Mill in 1S51. l'"rederick went to 
a ])ri\ate scIidoI unlil the first jjuldic 
^cliDdl was bnill in Union Hill on 
Lewis Street in 1858. He graduated in 
i8()3 and learned the trade of locksmith in 
rihcago. In \H()~ he returned to Union 
llill, engaged in the Ijelgian block business 
until 1876, when he was elected town clerk 
and established a real estate and insurance 
business. In i8()i he and John A. Ros.^ 
formed a partnership under the firm 
name of Hansen & Ross. Ross retired in 
1911 and Mr. Hansen took his tw'o sons 
into the firm. 
The elder Hansen was town clerk until 1884, councilman. 1885 to 
1889; chairman of the Hoard of C'ouncil 1S85 to 1888. He served as private, 
corporal, sergeant, orderly sergeant and first lieutenant in the National Guard; 
a fireman for fifteen years and president of exempt firemen for five years. He is 
a past master of Palisade Podge of Masons, l:)elongs to the Masonic Veterans and 
the Alt Meisters' Circle of ]\ras(^ns, the State and local Exempt Firemen and 
the Eintracht Singing Society. 1 le is a director of the Hoboken Trust Co.. the 
Alasonic Hall lUiilding Assn., the Town of Pinion P>. and P. Assn. He de- 
veloped two big tracts of land at West Xew York and had a country home at 
Ridgefield Park for several \ears. The sons were educated in the public schools, 
Paul A. in Union Hill and Ernest R. in Ridgefield Park. 


AMONG the oldest contracting- firms in North Hudson is that of George 
^\^ Cranwell lK: Son. contractors of West Hoboken. 'Idie business was 
started in i8C)0 l)v the elder Cranwell. soon after he came from Ireland 
to make his fortune in America. The offices of the firm are at 401 Clinton ave- 
nue, 340 Hudson a\enue. and 355 Talisade avenue, West Hoboken. Among 
the first jobs done was the ])lastering of the original monastery building in 
1864. in commendation of which the firm has a carefully preserved letter from 
the ])riest at the head of monaster}' afi'airs at the time. The great bulk of the 
work of the firm is now left in charge of James Cranwell, the son. but ( ieorge, 
still active and takes a great interest in what is going on. 

Some of the [jublic buildings erected b_\- the firm are the Free Pul)lic 
Librarv and Public schools 6 and 7 in West lloI)oken and the new Fligh 
School in Union Hill, which has just been completed, as well as the Union 
Hill Town Hall. The firm owns about $250,000 worth of real estate and much 
of this has been improved with splendid flats, apartments and pri\'ate houses. 
Two loft l)uil(lings. one at Mountain Road and Hudson avenue, A\'est 
Hoboken, and another one u])on which the firm is working, ha\e been the 
means of bringing different business interests to West Hoboken. 

George Cranwell has a handsome home at 401 Clinton avenue, and the 
son, James, has his residence at 355 Palisade avenue. W^st Hoboken. The son 
was born in Union Hill, was educatecl in the Christian Brothers' Academy 
at Utica, N. Y.. and has lived in Jersey for the past twent\-five years. George 
W. Cranwell's first vote in this country was for James Buchanan for President. 
He is now 79 years of age, is in possession of all his faculties and dearlv loves 
a joke. In his reminiscences he tells of erecting the first building of wdiat is 
now the Peter brewer}-, and the present William Teeter residence. The work- 
was done for George Fausel and was completed in 1863. 


Ainuist iKlriitkr 

ALIC.UST Kr.l'.IXKE, of 383 Clinton 
a\cniu'. W csi lloboken, is among 
the most widely known and most 
successful hnildcrs of Xdinli lludsou. lie 
lias been ihe contractor in inan\ of the 
large huilding o])erations of the countv. 
and so generally satisfactory has been 
his Work that in many cases he has not 
had lo do competitive bidding to secure 
woik ol considerable magnitude. 

Kleinke makes good everywhere vou 
put him. Mis ])usiness is among the 
oldest in W est llol)okeri. and he has con- 
ducted it so eflicientl}- as to ha\e maclc 
loi- himself an enxiable name among 
builders generally. He has all the work 
he wants to do at any time, and coutinu- 
all}' keeps a considerable force of work- 
ingmen on the various jobs he is doing 
hei"e. there and e\'erywhere about the 
C()unty and elsewhere. 

liesides being a successful builder. Mr. 
l\.leinke has been successful in politics, 
having been West Hoboken councilman. 
In his official career Mr. Kleinke has been careful a.n(l economical. He 
ft)und when he went into office that the town buildings were over insured. 
He had the insurance reduced to cover all possible loss and at the same 
time make a big saving for the town in the matter of premiums paid. He 
has been a close friend of the ])olice and fire departments, and every man 
on either force swears 1)\' him. 

dinarpli ICugni^rlj 

SOSr^l^H LUCiUSCli of 408 Kossuth street. Union Hill, is one of the fore- 
most architects in North Hudson. He has designed and superintended 
the erection of many buildings in this section, including the $400,000 
high school at Union Hill, and it is said of f.ugosch that no building for 
which he superintended the erection has ever been a disappointiuent to his 

Mr. Lugosch is careful and conscientious in his work, and he expects and 
insists U]^on builders who are working under his direction, living up to 
specifications entirely and without reservation. Another splendid feature of 
Lugosch's work is that he understands prices for material so thoroughly that, 
given the price for wdiich a certain structure is to be erected, he is able to 
draw the plans and specifications so carefully that he invariably keeps within 
the appropriation if it is at all reasonable for the building under contempla- 

There may be better architects in North Hudson than Mr. Lugosch. He 
himself doesn't claim to be the best. But this much is certain: there is no 
none more careful and more correct in his work whatever he is called upon 
to do. 


Slultus Urnmau 

AMONG the more important builders of the North Hudson section is 
JuHus A'roman. head of the \>oman Construction Company, of 5395 
Hudson Boulevard. North Bergen. Through Mr. \'roman and his 
company many of the newer buildings in North Hudson, especially North 
Bergen and West New York have been built. A large force of men is almost 
constantly employed, and Mr. X'roman has surely not suffered b}- anv lack 
of building construction. 

It is characteristic of Mr. X'roiuan that he personallv undertakes to over- 
see any work of which his company has charge. It is also characteristic of 
him that, while he permits of no waste, while he gets the best there is out of 
his men. while he conducts his business with a degree of efficiencv seldom 
obtained b\' a builder, that lie does not stand for substitution of inferior ma- 
terial, and that every stick and stone laid under his direction must be thor- 
oughly up to sjiecifications. It is of no use trying to palm off inferior material 
upon Mr. A>oman. He will not accept it. He demands the best for himself 
and this means the best for those who entrust him with their work in his line. 

There is no class of building work which he will not undertake. There 
is no job too big for him and his men to accomplish. He takes entire con- 
tracts, as well as for those of a strictly building nature. Many buildings in 
his Aicinity were erected under his supervision, iron work, plumbing, etc.. 
feeing sublet to the lowest bidders in whom he has confidence. He has been 
known to more than once accept a higher bid for work and material than 
the lowest, simply because he knew he could depend upon the man making 
the bid to give him the best at the price named. 

It is such men as Mr. A'roman who are bringing the work of building 
1)ack to the standard of older days when "houses were built on honor." It 
is such men as he who discourage the work of those who build for speculation 
without regard to the rights of the jnirchaser. 



iatti^l l^rm^B 

SANIKL HliivMES, in business as a real estate and insurance man in the 
Neilson building-, 138 Fourth street. Union Hill, is one of the foremost 
men in that line of business in North Hudson. He makes a specialty 
.if mortqaj^e loa-ns and has on his books many clients who have been able to 
build and make improvements because of the lil)eral. withal sound, financial 
arrangements they have been able to make through this young man. 

While being a good business man, Mr. Bermes is a genial soul. He has 
a large circle of acquaintances and friends. His insurance business is amt)ng 
the largest in the count}', because of his friendships, and it is his boast that 
every client is either a personal friend or becomes such after dealing with him. 
Fraternally Mr. Bermes is popular. He is a Royal Arch Mason in good 
standing and belongs to number of clu1)S and societies, the members of which 
are always pleased to welcome "Dan", as they call him, whenever he makes 
an appearance. 

Qll|arl^0 l|. Nrtlanu 

/^ H/\RLES H. NEILSON, builder, whose home is on Broadway, West 
l| I New York, has done much for the town of Union, as well as his home 
^^ town, is one of the best known builders of North Hudson. His ability 
as a builder has ])een ])ro\en 1)}- erecting hundreds of all kinds of buildings, 
like factories, apartment houses, mansions, banks and churches, one of his 
latest works being the handsome office, stt^re and theatre building on Fourth 
street. Town of Union, which carries his name, being known as the Neilson 
building. It is the only absolutely h re-proof building of its kind in North 
Hudson. In this building are housed many of the leading otifices of the town, 
as w-ell as the Richmond Business College, an institution of which the town 
can well feel proud. 

Mr. Neilson has been in the business of building in North Hudson for 
the past hfteen years, and many of the finest buildings in West New York 
have been done under his direction. Of other structures erected in North 
Hudson, which will be monuments to Mr. Neilson may be mentioned the 
Weehawken Trust Com])any building on Fourth street, the Necker building 
on Main street. Trinit\- Uhurch on Sixteenth street and his Helen and Eliza- 
beth apartment houses on P'ifth street. These apartments may be taken as 
models for such structures anywhere. 

For the erection of the Neilson building alone the northern part of the 
county owes Mr. Neilson a vote of thanks. The building is right in the 
lieart of what it is supposed will be the new civic centre of North Hudson in 
a very few years. The proposed tunnel station of the Pennsylvania railroad 
will be in this vicinity, and there is no doubt that Fourth street will be one 
of the richest and most attractive thoroughfares in all North Hudson. 

Since the erection of the Neilson building there has been a general pick- 
ing up in that vicinity. The handsome new^ building erected by John Glueck 
& Son is right next door. Other buildings have had new fronts put in and 
the entire section has taken on a rather Metropolitan air. For much of this 
improvement there is no one to thank but Mr. Neilson. wdiose improvements 
are destined to play a prominent part in the development of Nortli Hudson 
which is now going on and wdiich will come in the future. 

Mr. Neilson's kindly, courteous and unassuming w^ays have made him a 
host of friends. His name is synonomous with business integrity and upright 


QIarl AlfrrJi lurbnnt 

/^ ARL ALFRED BURHORN has risen 
l|l to prominence in the real estate and 
^^^ insuri:ince held solely through his 
clTorts and ahility. He was born in Xew 
\'(irk Cit}-. January 17, 1863. His parents 
were August and Henrietta Burhorn. The 
family moved to Hoboken when Carl was 
but hve \ears of age. His education is 
strictly of the public schools, he l)eing a 
graduate of the Hoboken High School \\\ 


At 15 Mr. lUirhijrn went to work. He 
was seven years with an importing hosier}- 
?nd glove house, three years bookkeeper 
and superintendent of a sdk mill in L'nion 
Hill and ten years bookkeeper and corres- 
pondent widi the firm of Decker Brothers, 
piano manufacturers. Wlien the latter firm 
retired from business he engaged m life in- 
surance, from which developed the splen- 
did real estate and insurance business he 
now enjovs. 

He is treasurer of the Edwin Burhorn Company, contracting engineers 
of Xew York, junior warden and treasurer of Trinitv Church, Hoboken, 
treasurer of the United Aid Societ}-. superintendent of Trinitv Church Sun- 
day School, member of the council of Christ Hospital, president of the Ho 
lioken Board of Trade, financial secretary of the Hoboken Academy, member 
of the German Club, Euclid Lodge of Masons, Columbia Lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows, Martha Washington Rebekah Lodge of (Jdd Fellows and Hoboken 
Lodge of Elks. 

Mr. Burhorn's residence is at 156 Thirteenth Street. Hoboken. • He is fond 
of good music and the l)est in literature. 

(E. A. Siasnt 

^A. TISSOT, real estate man and auctioneer, of 59 Newark street, Ho- 
boken, was born in West Hoboken. June 24. 1859. ^^ attended the 
♦ W^est Hoboken schools, grew up and married, has been the father of 
ten children and is the grandfather of four. Outside of his real estate btisi- 
ness he has no greater hobby than his home. 

In 1871 he w'ent into Wm. Hessee's old real estate office at 5 Newark 
street, Hoboken, as a clerk. In August. 1881. he started in btisiness for him- 
self. As a realty autioneer he has been eminently successftil. For twenty- 
eight years he was auctioneer for the D. L. and W. Railroad, but was forced 
to retire from this because of illness, which caused his partial retirement. 

He lives in the Hudson City section of Jersey City, atid is a member of 
the advisory board of the Hudson City Branch Y. W. C. A., with Hon. Thos. 
McEwau and Thomas J. J. Stewart. He was never in politics. He is an 
Arcanian, a meml)er of the A. ( ). U. \\'.. and affiliated with the Jersey City 
lodge of Elks. 


'^trm A. Hiitartta!^ 

.^ERCIE A. VIVARTTAS, architect, at no Fourth street, Union Hill, 
4tl is among the foremost men of his profession in North Hudson. He 
tIt has erected and superintended the erection of many of the prominent 
buildings of that sectictn. He goes about his work in that quiet, forceful way 
that characterizes him as a master of his profession. This impression is 
borne out by the actual results of his skill and industry, as shown in the 
private and ])ul)lic l)uildings to his credit. 

In his professional career Mr. Vivarttas has gained the respect and con- 
fidence of builders, contractors, financiers, etc., with whom he has come in 
contact. They recognize in him tln" business man in uliom confidence can 
be placed. They know instincti\ely that he is abo\-e the sharp practices 
which would permit inferior material or inferior plans to profit his own 
pocketbook. \Vilh Mr. Vivarttas every detail of plan must be carefully com- 
pleted before he will issue a certificate of acceptance of work. 

This very characteristic makes Mr. Vivarttas a busy man. Where 
others might be satisfied with a casual and perfunctory glance at work in 
hand. Mr. \'ivarttas goes into minute details and wants to know just what 
is being done, and how. He questions contractors carefully and observes 
keenly. If a flaw in the work or material is found he is quick to detect it 
and to have the work done over with a w'arning that no such work must be 
attempted upon buildings where he is the architect. This correction is done 
quietly and eiTectively. It is indeed a hardened contractor who would care 
to have his work twice corrected by Mr. Vivarttas through any fault of the 
workmanship or material. 

Outside of his profession Mr. Vivarttas is the type of manhood of which 
any community might feel proud. His own characteristics are reflected in 
his work. Careful, conscientious, genial to a marked extent, yet always keen 
upon having everything "just right," makes Mr. Vivarttas a inan with whom 
it is both a pleasure and a privilege to hold a friendship. 


Slliomas 31. I^arntnn 

AMONG the best known and most highly respected business men of 
North Hudson is Thomas J. Harmon, surveyor, with offices at 140 
Fourth street. Union Hill. Mr. Harmon has been engag^ed in the 
surveying business for the past several years, and has practiced his pro- 
fession in all parts of the county and state. 

Combined with the profession of surveyor is that of civil engineer. In 
this branch of his profession Mr. Harmon has become as well, if not better, 
known as in that of surveying. He has solved some pretty difficult problems 
hereabouts, and enjoys the patronage of road builders, contractors and 
builders who know trustworthy work and want it done promptlv and to their 

To the layman there is something mysterious about the work of the 
civil engineer and surveyor. It is difficult to conceive how. by squinting 
through a spy-glass, one may make darkness light before him and crooked 
])aths straight. But squinting through the spy-glass is merelv the super- 
ficial end of the profession, the part that is seen outside. Inside the observa- 
tions made through this same spy-glass, v/hich, by the way, is a perfect 
measuring instrument, are worked out to satisfactory conclusion, in which 
hills, valle}-s and projections have to be levelled to proper grade for the work 
in hand. This is done by a system of higher mathmetics not understood ex- 
cept by those having special training in this direction. In the civil engineering 
branch even higher mathmetics are brought into play, and the successful 
engineer must understand the laws of physics as well as mathematics in 
order to reach conclusions which satisfactorily settle the problem upon which 
he is engaged. 

Mr. Harmon has studied these things. He knows his work. He is com- 
])etent to solve problems in civil engineering and surveying in a much more 
direct manner than many others of his profession because of his application 
to his work. 

'^**^>'- yf^'~" 


Snbprt 31. lath 

'**if1 *JlJl^i'^-l I- KATII i-^ fast fdrt^ing- to tlic front as ( nic nf lli)l)(>keu's most 
4}\ extensi\e hiiihkTs. I lis l)usines.s has l:>eeii organized for tlie past 
'^^ twenty \ears, and from a small l)eginning-, has grown to he known as 
one of tlie l)iggist of the kind in Hudson count}', ddtis is due in a large 
measure to punctualit\- and good ser\ice, two attributes upon which Mr. 
Rath |)rides himself and his work. 

While iMr. Kath is a good business man, he is extremely modest and 
reticent. He is one of tlmse men who wa.nt little said about their person- 
alities, btit belie^•es that good work should be rewarded by the i)raise of those 
for whom that work is done. C'onsetpientl}-, when asked to say a little about 
jiimself, he replied: "Ask an\- of those for whom I ha\e done work. They 
can tell }'ou more than 1 can, or more than I care to, at least."" 

One finds his work scattered all over Mudson cotinty, a.nd \vhcre\-er it is 
fotmd, there is sure to be one of those buildings built in the old fashioned 
way — on honor. Mi". Rath would rather lose a few dollars and have his work 
done right, than make more money and ha\e it done shabbily. 

Because of this characteristic his business has grown. He has a total of 
twenty employees regttlarl}-, and this is a large force for a local contractor 
and btiilder to ojierate the year rottnd. Idiis force alone bespeaks the ])opu- 
larity of his work. ( )f course, he is always readv to put on extra hands when 
occasion arises, as it often does. ( )ne thing abotit Mr. Rath, no matter how 
many employees he has working ttnder him at an\- one time, he alwavs insists 
upon su])er\ising the work himself, and no i<ib gi\-en to him is allowed to 
stififer becatise of lack of personal stipervision. 

Architects are loud in their praise of Rath. They say they have as little 
trouble with him as with any contractor in the cotinty, because he is as 
anxious as they to see that specifications are li\e(l uj) to, and takes a personal 
pride in seeing that it is done. "A^)u can trust Rath to do what is right." is 
ii common saying a.mong them. 

Rath's ]daee of business is at 259 Sixth street, Holjoken, and it is a bus}- 
hi\-e of industry wdien the men are not working on outside jobs. 


Alfrfi^i 31. Malnthcn 

AT.l^'RED J. AlAJINKMX. ci\il and consulting- engineer, associated with 
his hrother. Walter R. Mahnkcn. has l)uilt up one of the most promi- 
nent l)usinesses of the kind in the northern and central section of 
New Jersey. As a graduate of Kutg-ers College and at the age of twenty-six 
he has successftilly negotiated manv difficult and complicated engineering and 
construction problems and is rated as a highly efficient man. 

Air. Mahnken has prei)ared and made ])relimina.ry inxestigations, esti- 
mates, surveys. ])lans, specifications and suijcrxised and contracted work for 
many of the architects, builders, constructors and engineers here in the East 
lie is actively engaged in the sur^'ey ar.d std)division of property in land- 
scape work for parks, ])ri\ate estates and cemeteries, in the design of street 
and road im])ro^-ements, in making borings and tests for foundations and in 
the designing of piers, docks and other water front improvements. 

He is considered a sanitary expert, especially in the investigation, design 
and construction of sewerage systems and sewage disposal works, and he 
has been associated in the design and construction of various t_\'pes of re- 
inforced concrete and steel structures, mill buildings, apartment houses and 

Mr. Mahnken is at all times genial, has a i)leasant word and hearty 
welcome, shows a genuine interest in the political and social affairs of this 
comiuunity and appreciates a real friend, lie is a man of strict integrity and 
his word is as good as his bond. 





Abraham 3lau S^mar^Ht 

No man in Hoboken is more worthy of extended mention in a work like 
this tlian .Vbraham Jay Demarest. who tor the past thirt}' years lia.s 
been connected with the pubbc schools in the city, Ijemg- principal of 
tlie Hoboken High and (irammar Schools for thirteen years, and for the 
])ast seventeen years superintendent of the public schools there. 

Mr. Demarest was born at River Edge, N. J., February 14, 1858. His 
parents were John A. Demarest and Elizabeth \'anderbeek. both of the sturdy, 
historical stock which has made New Jersey so justly famous in the annals 
of the new world. He inherited the sterling cjualities of his progenitors, and 
with such an inheritance it is not to be wondered at that he occupies so 
high a position in the public alTairs of his adopted city. 

He graduated from the public schools of his native village. Being deter- 
mined to follow the life of an instructor, he was sent to the State Normal 
School at Trenton, from which institution he graduated in 1882. He then 
took up his duties as [principal of the first school located in Lower Teaneck 
N. J., from which he was chosen as principal of the Hoboken High and 
(irammar Schools. In 1906 the degree of B. S. was conferred on hmi by the 
University of New York, and in 1908 he was again honored by the University 
with the degree of A. M. 

In Hoboken his life has been quiet and uneventful. He never forgot the 
dignity which his sch(^ol duties required. He has been careful and conscien- 
tious in his school work, depending rather u])on the approval of his ow^n sense 
of duty well done than upon the acclaim of the populace. He has ahvays 
I)een a thinker of no mean ability, and a splendid example of that old school 
of preceptors who valued results more than sham progress in learning. 

Fraternally he has advanced with the years. For three years he was 
exalted ruler of Hoboken Lodge, No. 74, B. P. O. E. In Masonic circles he 
is a member of Euclid Lodge, F. and A. M.; Pentalpha Chapter, R. A. M.. 
and Pilgrim Commandery, Knights Templar, all of Hoboken. He is an active 
member of the Hoboken Board of Trade, and president of the Castle Point 
Building and Loan Association. His affiliations and his distinctions have 
been w'on solely because of the force of character which \vas inherited from 
his sterling forefather and wdiich is noticeable in his everyda}' life. He comes 
under the tongue of true repute in every action of his public and private life. 

In "Genealogy of New Jersey" Professor Demarest is mentioned as a 
descendant of the old New Jersey families whose life is closely interwoven 
in the history of America, whose deeds of valor and whose natural nobility 
still have their influence upon the country and its peo]jle, and who are set 
down in history as among those who aided greatl}- in throwing the shackles 
of c)ld world opi)ression off the shoulders of the new world when the fight for 
freedom became necessary because of the indignities heaped upon the 
American colonists by the old world rulers to whom they were subject. 

Mr. Demarest bids fair to be useful in the educational field for many 
A-ears to come, ^^'hen in the city he lives at 1017 Bloomfield street. Lli'^ 
summer residence is at Lake Hopatcong, New jersey. 


Aluiu ifiuuBtrkin* 

Z\ horn at Collegevillc, I^a.^ 
^ on September 20, 1864. 

lie is the youngest son of 
Menry A. Ilunsicker by his 
hrst wife, Marv Weinbersrer. 


e was hoi-n ni wliat is now 

the main bnilcHnp' of Ursimis 


while his father was 
l)rinci])al of tlie institution, 


which was tlien called l^^ree- 
land Seminary. lie inherited 
a natural taste and inclination 
for books and learning. 1 fe 
received his education in his 
native town ; was graduated 
from Ursinus College at the 
age of nineteen in 1884. While 
at college he deveh^ped into a 
fluent s])eaker and a ready de- 
bater, a trait that ser\ed him 
well in his subsequent success- 
ful business career. 

After leaving college he 
went to IMnladelphia and ac- 
ce])ted a ])osition with his 
father in the lum1)er Inisiness. 
Leaving the lumber business 
in 189J, he l)ecame the manager of a trade paper ])ublished in the interests 
of manufacturers. For seven years he remained in this position, during 
which period he came in contact with the leading industrial concerns in the 
country. The valuable experience gained gave him, early in life, an enlarged 
commercial experience which served as a foundation for his later success. 

In 1899 he became the treasurer of the Keystone (Jil-cloth Company of 
Norristown, Pa. This ctincern had a small capital and was the smallest of 
its class in the country. Mr. Hunsicker doubled the business in two years 
and attracted sufficient attention to entitle him to a seat in the council of the 
larger oil-cloth manufacturers. 

In 1901 a successful effort was made by Mr. Ilunsicker to combine the 
largest oil-cloth concerns into one large com])an\'. Me secured oi)tions on 
six of the largest and most successful oil-cloth ])lants in the United States, 
wdiich. wdth his own concern was combined In" him, with the assistance of a 
western banker, into the Standard (Jil-cloth Company of New Jersey, with 
offices in New York Cit}'. This c(ym])an}- secured a charter and started in 
business in July, 190T. It had a capital of $8,000,000 and to-day (1914) is the 
largest of its class in the world. Hr. Hunsicker in addition to becoming a 
director and large stockholder, became the secretarv of the new compan\' at 
the start, and in 1906 its general manager as well, which i)osition he still 
holds. The company has been remarkably successful and has doubled its 
business during the period that Mr. Hunsicker has managed its alTairs. 

In 1889 Mr. Hunsicker married Helen Theresa Boice, who was born in 
Chester County. Pa. Miss Boice had a remarkable talent for music and had, 
in addition an exceptionallv good and well-trained soprano voice. The}' met 
on the concert stage. Mr. Hunsicker has al\va}s been interested in music 
and is the possessor of a good baritone voice. 


Since 1903 Mr. Hunsicker has resided in Clifton Park, Weehawken, 
where he l)uilt a fine home. He became interested in local alifairs, and was 
instrumental in organizing- a Civic Betterment Association, of which he is 
still the president. He has taken a i)rominent ])art in jersey politics, and in 
each campaign has spoken for the Republican party. He was a presidential 
elector in 1908. 

In club life Mr. Hunsicker has been pr(>minent. lie is a Mason, a mem- 
ber of the Hamilton Club of New Jersey, the Automobile Club of New Jersey, 
the Englewood Countr}' Clul). the "Pouring Club of America, the Sphinx Club 
of New York, the Pennsylvania Society, and is the treasurer of the Arkwright 
Club, the leading dry-goods club of New York. He is an enthusiastic golfer 
and spends considerable time automobiling. Travelling has been a pastime 
of Mr. Hunsicker, and he has visited most of the countries of Europe, South 
America, and the AA^est Indies. 


. HiUtam g^t^hu, M. M, 

^fj M. I'-., has the honor 
^* not only of being ver- 
satile- in innsic, bnt enjoys thc 
(listinclion of being the 
youngest founder of a college 
devoted exclusively to music 
in this State, if not, indeed, 
in the entire coun.trw Ai- 
thoui^h but twenty-six years 
of age. he is the founder and 
I)rinci])al of the I ludson Col- 
lege of Music and Art, at loo 
llighpuint avenue, Weehaw- 
ken Heights. At one time the 
College had a I Brooklyn 
branch. de\-oted io the teach- 
ing of art. bnt this took so 
much time from the musical 
duties of Lrof. Stehn that he 
soon abandoned it, although 
it was highly successful. 

Professor Stehn was born 
in Hoboken. .March ri. i(S88. 
I lis parents were John ITenry 
Stehn. a native of Xorlede. 
( lermany, and 1 felen F. Stehn 
(nee Seedorf ) a native of 
Lesum, Germany, lie was graduated from the [ ublic schools in Hoboken and 
Shell's Commercial College. His musical education was tinder Dennis E. 
Hartnett of the llartnett School (jf Music, New York City, Dr. Philip Foersch 
(jf the Berliner Ktmst Schule and the Cleveland L'ni versify School of Music, 
by which institittion he was awarded the degree of M. B. 

From February, 1903, until the end of 1906 he worked as bill of lading- 
clerk for the X'. ^'. ( >. and W. railroad and taught music during his spare time 
during this period. In i9o() he moved to Union Hill, gave up his position with 
the railroad and started in to make his living by teaching music, at which he 
has iTcen eminently successful. In 1910 he founded the institution of which 
he is the head, which besides the main school, has branches in Union Hill. 
West New York and Brooklyn, N. Y. He makes his home at his Weehawken 
Heights studio. 

From his boyhood he was interested in music, which he stutlied from tiie 
time he was seven years old until he was twenty. He gave his first lesson at the 
age of fifteen. He organized, or helped to organize, the Symphia Zither Club 
of Floboken, the Twentieth Century Orchestra of Holx^ken, the Hudson Col- 
lege Orchestra, the Symphia, Jr., !\rusical Club of L'nion Hill, the Crescent 
Musical Club of W'est Hoboken, and other musical organizations of more or 
less lasting fame. He is a member of three fraternal organizations, director 
of the Hudson Orchestra and various other musical organizations and an officer 
in the National Qualified Teachers' League of Music. He is fond of theatres 
and good dining and his one hobby is the teaching of the music to the young. 
February 18. 1912. lie was married to Miss Julianna .Amia von Dohren 
of Weehawken Heights, a former well known concert pianist. 

1. 1 7 

iJl|umai3 MxBB S^ttUman 

attained a prominence in the busi- 
ness and chemical world which 
nunc bnt those of snperior attainments may 
hope to reach. He was born May 24, 1852, 
at I'lainfield, X. J. I lis parents were 
Charles II. Stillman and Alar_\- E. Starr, 
lie was edncated in public and private 
schools, Alfred L^ni versify, Rutgers Col- 
lege, and the chemical laboratory at \\'ies- 
baden, Germanv. He holds the degree of 
r.. Sc, M. Sc. and Ph. D. 

Prof. Stillman was instructor of chem- 
istry at Stevens Institute froni 1874 imtil 
1886. He then became professor of en- 
gineering chemistry at the same seat of 
learning, a position which he held until 
1910, when he was retired on a Carnegie 
])ension. He was state inspector of oils 
1884-1888, and examiner in chemistry for 
the Municipal Civil Service Commission of 
Xew York in 191 1. 
He is president of the American Chemical Education Co., Xew York ; of 
the Corporation Securities Co., Xew York : the Stillman and Hall Co., Ltd., 
Montreal, Canada; the Stillman & A'an Siclen Laboratory Co., Xew York: 
director in the Pllectric Eire Proofing Co., Montreal, Canada: the Amadou 
Mining" Co., Ctah : the Radium Priiducts Co., Xew' York: foreign corresponding 
member of the Edinburgh Society of Arts and Sciences; and member of the 
Socitie Chemique de Erance, Paris ; Deutsche Chemische Geselschaft, Berlin ; 
International Society for the Testing of Materials, Zurich : American Chemical 
Society ; Society of Chemical Industry, London ; American Electric-Chemical 
Society: Phi Beta Kappa (Rutgers); Sons of the Revolution; Society May- 
Howler Descendants and Order of A\'ashington. He is mentioned in various 
educational works, and is a constant ct)ntribut()r to the chemical journals. 
His manual. "Engineering Chemistry'' (fifth edition) is the standard of pro- 
cedure in the chemical testing of engineering materials. 


Captain ^JJlin ^* Emeru 

ffiAPTAll\' JOHN M. I'lAl l^l\^'. nuinai^er uf the niarinc dcparlincnt 
of the Lackawanna Railroad, witli headquarters m the Terminal l)uild- 
ing- in lioboken, is a living- example of what a man may JjccomC 
solely through his own efforts to advance himself by honest and ct)nscien- 
tious work. Ca])tain hLmery was born in Tro}-, N. V., June i, 1870. His 
parents were James and Anna Emery. They were far from well-to-do, and 
could give the young man but little education. What little schooling he 
received was in the district schools of the up-state city. 

There is one thing he did learn, however, which has stood him in good 
stead. He was a natural born machinist, and took to the trade like a duck 
lo water. After mastering the details iof tlie machinist ti-ade he came to liobo- 
ken. He engaged with tho Fletcher j^eople as a machinist foreman. His 
work soon attracted the attention of the oihcers and directors of the Ho])oken 
Ferry Company, and eighteen years ago he went with that company as 
assistant chief engineer. 

He was soon promoted to be chief engineer, and this position he main- 
tained until the Lackawanna railroad bought the ferries. He was too 
valuable a man to lose, and the Lackawanna officials took him with them, 
making him superintendent of ferries soon after they took the ferries over. 
His last promotion was when the entire marine department was consoli- 
dated and he was made manager of the larger deijartment, witli enlarged 
responsibilities and a corresi)onding increase in salary. 

Besides his duties as manager of the marine department for the Lacka- 
wanna Railroad, the Captain is identified with the Oakland Steamboat Com- 
pany of New York. He is one of the directors and chairman of the executive 
board of that company. This, however, takes up but little of his time, and 
that at hours wdien he is not on dut}- at the ferries. 

Although Captain Emery is in every way a likeable fellow, he has steered 
clear of politics, militarism and such follies and foil)les all his life, devoting 
himself to the perfection of his trade, or profession, as one mav call it in 
this case. He is one of the most able machinists and mechanical engineers 
in the countr}-, and many a problem has been solved both for his old and new- 
employers since he has been connected with the ferrv. 

Of course, a man in such standing as Captain Iimery must ])ecome 
affiliated with organizations of a varied character. He belongs to the 
National Democratic Club of New York, the Railroad Club of New York, 
the Traffic Club of New York, the Society of Na\al Architects and Marine 
Engineers of New York, the (ilen Ridge Golf Club of (]len Ridge, N. \.. and 
so many other clubs that he says he cannot rememl)er them all. 

Fraternally he is a Mason and a Shriner. He belongs to Hoboken Lodge, 
No. 35, F. and A. M., Penlalpha Chapter. R. A. M., of Hoboken; Pilgrim 
Commandery, Knights Templar, and Salaam Temple. A. A. C). N. M. S., of 
Newark. The intermediate steps in Masonry were all taken in New Jersey. 
He is alst) a member of the H(il)oken Lodge of Elks. 

Socially the captain is a pleasant man to meet. If he likes you, you can 
count on him as a friend to the end of your days unless you do something 
to forfeit that friendship. If he doesn't like you. you might as well go on 
your way, for he will have nothing to do with you l)eyond extending the 
ordinary courtesies of life to you. 

He owns but one home, the one in which he lives at 1214 Garden street. 
Hoboken. To this and his family he is devoted, as all good men should be. 
He has but one hobby, according to his own account, and that is golfing. 
He says he has often made a foozle. But it may be stated that his greatest 
hobby is the proper management of the marine department of the Lacka- 
wanna Railroad. 


($rorar Jfrrhrrtrk tkntstitgrr 


SIXGER, one of the first commis- 
sioners of Jerse}' City under the 
C ommission (lovernment or Walsh act, al- 
lhi»u,i;h still ;i ><iung man has made a re- 
cord for himself of which man}- an older 
man could well feel proud. He was born 
September 5, 1882, at Phili])sl)urg, Warren 
C(»unly, New Jersey. His parents were 
Joseph IT. T'rensinger and Ida Jones-Bren- 

Young llrensinger came of good, sturdy 
.>^tock. His early education was obtained 
and most of his life has been spent in Jer- 
sey City. Tde graduated from the public 
schools, in.duding the High School there, 
attended the Stevens Institute at Hoboken 
fur two years, took the scientific course at 
! 'rinceton University, was a law student 
with Ijedle, Edwards & Thompson in Jer- 
sey City, attended the Xew York Law 
School and graduated with the degree of LL. IC He was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as an attorney in 1006 and as a counselor in lOOQ. He has prac- 
tised law since in Jersey City. 

Mr. Brensinger's militai'y record has beeri one of advancement. He en- 
listed as a private in Co. i of the Fourth Regiment, March 20, 1903, and on 
April 19 of that year at the conipany election was elected to the office of second 
lieutenant. He has been judge advocate with the ranks of captain and major 
respectively, the latter of which rank he now holds. 

He was elected to the General Assembly on the Democratic ticket in 191 1 
and was defeated for renomination in 1012. Fie was elected a commissioner 
of Jersey City at the special election h.eld June 10, ivM3. and has charge of the 
de] artment of finance. He is a meml)er of the jersev Citv Club, the John J. 
Fgan Association of Hudson Count}-, luigle Lodge, F. and A. ^I. ; Triune 
chapter, R. A. AI. ; Warren Council, Royal and Select Masters, and the Scottish 
Rite bod\- of New jerseN-. 


MJilltam Srhlrmm 

(Yf^ff- 1 LI.IA M Sn I I .l''.M M . coi-diici- ii[ lIud^iMi c(iunl_\-. a-iid uiulertakcr at 
Jjl 426 Spring- street, West Hol>oken, where lie continues the lousiness 
^^^ of Rol)crt Schlenini & Son, estahhshed for many years, is one of the 
most notal)le business characters of North Hudson because of his business 
and ])oHtical activities in liis own town and throughout the county. He is a 

friends throughout the entire 



man of ])leasmg personahty. iias a host ol 

C()unt\- and is a sterhng l>n^iiiess man wliose worth i^ 

he is kn( )wn. 

While thorougiiK' groun(k'(l in I )cmocratic piilitical atiairs, he has never 
adlowcd ]>ohlics to interfere with liis business or his frien(lshii)s. He lias 
ma.n\- admirers in both i-epublican and democratic circles and the fact that he 
was clK)sen as standard l)earer for his ])art} in his town in the maNoralty 
campaign of 1913 shows just how highly he is regarded by the members of 
the political organization with which he is af^liated. 

That he was defeated at the election is no discredit to him, either as a 
business man or i)olitician. lie faced not only a strong factional fight within 
his own partv, but a powerful republican organization built up by Mayor 
Charles A. Mohn, who at the time was a candidate for re-election. Mohn 
and Schlemm are personal friends and brother Masons, but in the exigencies 
of political warfare they were ])itted against each other, neither losing the 
friendship or the respect of the other, although the campaign was as hot a 
one. politically, as has ever l)een fought in West Hoboken. 

When Mohn was re-elected Schlemm was the first to send his congratu- 
lations on his victory, which shows the big calibre of man he is, for, while 
lighting his ])olitical battles with all the vigor that is in him and the fighting 
Schlemm famil}-, he would not let his political animosities take the form of 
personal hatred of his oppt)nent. With a fight so hot as this one was, it would 
liave been particularly easy to have crossed the border line of friendshi]:), 
had Coroner Schlemm been a smaller man than he was and is. 

As a coroner, Mr. Schlemm has time and again denionstratetl his sterling 
abilities. The recent case of the murder of Anna Aumuller, whose body was 
<liscovered on the beach at Shadyside, and for wdiich crime Hans Schmidt is 
at present awaiting trial in New York, ])rought Mr. Schlemm into the public 
eye. His capable manner of conducting the inquest that was held in Heller's 
hall, Jersey City, made him the subject of many flattering comments. No 
less a person than Detective Faurot, of the New York police detective bureau, 
paid Mr. Schlemm a compliment by saying- that the inciuest was conducted in 
the most thorough manner he had ever seen. In man\- other cases Mr. 
Schlemm has done remarkable work. 

As a business man, Mr. Schlemm has made a record that any man could 
well l)e proud of. He is known to many of the poor of AVest Hoboken foi- 
his charitable deeds, and many who would otherwise have been buried in 
Potter's Field have been laid in a decent grave, thanks to 
Mr. Schlemm. 

the generosity of 


ilnms ICnnitg. 



R(3FESSOR Morris Loewy, who has 
been a resident of Hoboken for the 
past twentv-five years, was born in 
A'ienna. Austria, on July 25. 1857. His 
parents were Phihp and JuHa Loewy. He 
is a prestidigitator of international fame. 
He uses only playing cards in his perform- 
ances and exhibitions and never fails to 
astonish his audiences by the wonderful 
manner in which he is able to manipulate 
th.e bits (jf pasteboard. 

Professor Loewy can be classed as a 
]:)rodigy. His aptitude for card manipula- 
tion has extended almost from his infancy. 
He began his professional career when but 
eight \ears of age. His earl\- education 
came through private tutors and travel. 
He has been a great traveler and his ability 
has made him a welcome favorite before 
both roxalty and the common ])eople. He 
has aj^peared before and astonished such 
nival personages a.s Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria, King Christian IX of 
Denmark. King Oscar II of Sweden. King George of Greece. Czar Alexander 
of Russia, King Edward of England and others. In this country he has appear- 
ed before Theodore Roosevelt and the late Mayor Gaynor and hosts of other 
l^rominent people. His presence is greatly desired at gatherings where select 
entertainments are given. 

He is not merely an entertainer, but a successful business man as well. He 
is president of the Spray X'ibrator Corporation, the Loewy Company and the 
Osflo Compan\-. He is a member of the Elks and Royal Arcanum, honorary 
member of the Xew Y(^rk .Stamp Society and honorary president of the Bero- 
lina, and National Alumni. His hobl)y is the collection of post cards. stami)s 
and coins. 


iRnh^rt St^s^r 

>^^ ()ni^l\'l" klKSER. secrc'larv of the Hoboken Board of Trade, has been 
Ayl closely associated with ci\ic work in Hobt)ken for thr past six years. 
'^' Mr. Rieser was l)oni in Doylestown, Pa., l)Ut has spent practically all 
of his life in Hoboken. In ])olitics he is known as a prog-ressive Republican, 
though his activities ha\e usually been strictly non-partisan in character, 
lookino- rallier toward a reform of present conditions than the advancement 
of the interests of any particular jjolitical party. 

lie first served the l>oar(l of Trade as assistant secretary for a period of 
two and one-half vears, sul)sec|uently becoming secretary and editor of the 
Board of Trade ]^)ulletin. a. monthl_\- publication devoted to the commercial 
and ci\ic development of the city. W hile he was assistant secretary he was 
o-iven full charge of the lUidget l^xhibit held under the auspices of the Board 
of Trade and in conjunction with the Robert L. Stevens Fund in 191 1. 'hhis 
exhibition was the lirst of its kind e\er given in the city and its exposition 
of nnuicipal government in Hoboken was widely commented u])on. lie has 
since been identified with similar exhibits in other cities. 

'khc commendable fight made to adopt commission government in 
Hoboken received Mr. Rieser's ardent support. He was secretary of the 
first Elective Commission Government League, the first organization to l)e 
formed for this purpose in any New Jersey city. 

He was also one of the organizers of the safe and sane Fourth of July 
moxement in Hoboken. and served as secretary to the committee during the 
celebrations in 1913 and 1914 both of which in\-ol\ed nuich time and labor. 

Mr. Rieser has run for i)ublic ofiice on several occasions but each time 
with reluctance. He was a candidate for the Assembly at the i)rimaries in 
1913, and during the primary campaign in September, 1914, was urged to 
become a candidate for Congress from the Ele\enth New Jersey District. 
This he was forced to decline for reasons of business. 

During the administration of Mayor (ionzales, he was appointed to the 
Board of Playground Commissioners, and although his selection to this 
office received substantial appro\al, the Common Council refused to confirm 
his ap]H)intment for political motives. 

Air. Rieser is also known for his work among boys. He first 
interested in this form of social activity about twelve years ago in connection 
with the Madison Street Boys' Club, an organization conducted by voltintoer 
workers and carried on largely through the generosity of Mr. Richard Ste\ ens. 
He organized the first troop of Boy Scouts in Hoboken and is at present 
Scoutmaster of Troop (Jne. This troop is affiliated with the First Presby- 
terian Church, of wdiich Mr. Rieser has been a member and trustee for years. 
Fie is also associated with the Philomatic Society and is a member of 'Jie 
Sanitary Corps of the Seventh Regiment, National duard of New York. 


fattkk 1. (Griffin 

fATRICK R. (iRll'^FlX. Democratic political leader of Hoboken. is one 
of the most unique characters in politics to be found in all Hudson 
Countv. Frc»m the time he was able to cast his first vote, Griffin was 
always mixed up in politics and always had the ambition to become the leader 
of hi's party. It was not until the "three-cornered mayoralty fight of 1907 
that he actually won his spurs. In that hght he assumed the management 
of the campaign of George H. Steil for mayor, and elected him by a decisive 


At 'that time Griftin was but ^-,2 years of age. the youngest Democratic 
leader the city has ever had. Many times since then an effort has been made 
to wrest the leadership from him, ])Ut (iriftin is full of resources and hght 
and he has always since his notable victory kept at the top. 

During his political leadership he has built up a practically unljeatable 
political niachine for the Hoboken Democracy, judging from past results. 
It is concededly the best piece of political working machinery in the county. 
Griffin is a close student of politics and understands human nature pretty 
thoroughly. This is evident from the fact that he has retained his leadership 
foi' seven consecutive years in the teeth of constant attacks from the political 
enemies within his own party camp. 

In 1913 he went through triumphantly the most exciting and important 
political fight of his career. He had undertaken to re-elect Alartin Cooke 
mayor of the city. Arrayed against him was no less a powerful force than 
Former Mayor Lawrence Fagan and his great and powerful newspaper. The 
Observer. It was Fagan's last stand, for if he won he would again be the 
leader of the Democracy in Hoboken. If he lost he knew he would be buried 
in his political coffin forever. 

The Observer, backed by Fagan, conducted a fight for the nomination 
at the primaries for mayor of Philip Stucrwald. a young man of good repute, 
prominent in politics and with a host of friends. The fight was a bitter one 
and The Observer, in its zeal for the nomination of Stuerwald, resorted to 
personalities of a not altogether dignified nature. 

\Mien the primary ballots were counted Griffin's man. Mayor Cooke, 
was found to be an easy winner. The victor}- in part was due to Cooke's 
own personality, Ijut a large share of the credit belonged to Griffin, who 
engineered the fight, backed by his well-nigh invincible organization. 

Mayor Cooke was re-elected to his hi^ii office, and Griffin still holds the 
5 over Ho 
\ears to come. 

reins over Hoboken's Democratic organization, as he bids fair to do for many 


miiam (t'Ni-ill 


IIJ.IAM ( )'X Ml 1 .1 ,, propric'tiir nf the ( )'Xcill Auto Cuinpau}- oi Hd- 
hokcn. is a vouii.l;- man wIidsc success in life has come through his 
own ciTorls and enterprise, lie has l)uilt up a. 1)usiuess from a small 
news delixerv of which any man may well feel proud and his friends, of 
whom he has no end throu,o"hout the county, have watched his rise with more 
than passing- interest. 

O'Neill has the faculty (tf doin^- the right thing- at the right time, lie 
has seized upon and made the most of the i )](p(irtunities afforded him. lie 
has anticipated the needs of busy business men and in this manner brought 
himself to the Hood tide of prosperity. 

()riginall\' a news])a])er xendor of the street urchin \ariely, he ha-^ 
worked himself up to a newspaper vendor of the wholesale kind. He estab- 
lished a newspaper delivery system in Hudson count}- and at one time and 
until a few years ago was the chief circulation man of 'bhe ( )l)ser\ er. When 
the Observer took over its own circulation the "newsies," with wlinni < )'Xeill 
was on terms of friendship through years of fair deahng", instituted a strike, 
which, though short, was a bitter one. out of symi)athy for him. He readily- 
recovered from the effects of this blow to his business and made it bigger 
than e\er. 

When the need for an auto service company in Hoboken became a])par- 
ent, O'Neill, wMth very little capital, but with a vigor that creates success, 
established such an instittition. From time to time autos have been added 
to his establishment until it today is perhaps the largest and most comjdete 
service of its kind in the county. He keeps a close eye on his l)tisiness, both 
newspaper deliver}- and atito scr\ice, and extends it whenexer he hnds it 
exi)edient to do so. 

Dtn-ing all his sticcess O'Neill has never forgotten the fact that he was 
a newspaper kiddie. He is rather proud of the fact. He often lends a help- 
ing hand to the "newsie" of today and is regarded by a large number of these 
bright little fellow^s as their best friend. He endeavors to uplift them, both 
financially and morall}' and has done a work in the latter respect which en- 
titles him to the thanks of the commtmitv. 

"Billy" has a cherished desire of some dav founding a "Newsboys' 
Home." AX'hen he realizes his ambition in this respect it is safe to say the 
institution will be one of the most complete of its kind in the country for 
O'Neill never does anything bv halves. 


HJtUtam p. Mttbm 


Il.LlAM I'. N'erdon. for many }-ears Repul^lican leader in the city of 
iloboken. and today one of that city's most highly esteemed business 
men, was born September 12, 1869, in Dublin, Ireland. His parents 
were Frederick \'erdon and Jane Adams Verdon. Verdon was but a young- 
ster when he came to this country, and he derived his entire education from 
New York Public School No. 70. 

Since coming to Hoboken Air. N'erdori has taken an active interest in 
Republican jjolitics. In a Democratic community he had a hard hght. but 
succeeded in becoming the leader of his j.iarty. ( )n one or two occasions 
he has led the party to victory, which won for him the support of county 
and state organizations. He is at present chairman of the Hoboken Repub- 
lican Citv Committee and a member of the Hoboken Republican Association, 
the b)hn Rothcrham Association and the Hudson County Reiui1)lican 

Industriall} he is president of the Eastern Creamery Company and of 
the Hudson Dairy. He lives at 1218 Bloomfield Street. Ho1)oken. and de- 
scribes his hobbies as "his eight children and his home." 

Air. \"erdon's friends ascribe his success, politically and industrially, to 
his straightforward way of meeting situations which arise. It has been said 
of him bv his admirers that he never turned down a friend who came seeking 
liis aid in any laudable or charitable cause. He has attained a great hold 
on a large portion of the people of the city through these qualities of liber- 
alit\', forbearance and personal integrity. In fighting his political battles he 
has always been fair, although sometimes his zeal for the party has over- 
ridden his natural qualities. With Mr. \'erdon it was always his party first 
and himself afterward. In his business dealings it is his patrons first and 
himself afterward. In his family afi^airs it is his family first and hmseli 
afterward. In friendshij) it is his friends first and himself afterward. 

Mr. A^erdon is still in the early forties, in the very prime of life. He 
bids fair to l)e aggressively active in ])olitics and business for many years 
to come, which his friends say creates a splendid outlook for his party in 
the citv. 


3utu0 Q. Ap^lryatr. 

3\ IXS I). APPLEGATE. undertaker 
a' 22^ Washington Street, Ilol)oken. 
was l)()rn in I loboken May 14, 1853. 
[lis parents were Ivins D. A|)plegate and 
Susan J-)eas Whitney. W'lien eighteen he 
went lo sea and lead a sea-faring hfe for 
seven \ears. .\t 25 lie entered tlie eni])loy 
of William X. Parslow . hv wlidni tlu' btisi- 
ness was founded, lie remained with Mr. 
Parslow until June. i<S(;i, when I loboken 
organized a ])aid lire department and made 
him rliief, in which capacity he served 
until l<)nf). when he honorahU' retn"e(l and 
took o\ er the business of .Mr. Parslow, 
wdiose sister, l^vangiyn, he married in i88f). 
Throughout his entire professional career 
he has striven to maintani the dignity of 
liis profession. 

Fraternall}' .Mr. .\])])legatc is prominent 
and ])opular. He is a meml;er of Euclid 
Lodge. Xo. 136, V. and .\. .M.: Zenizem 
(rrotto. Xo. H.. M. ( ). \'. P. !•:. R.; Pentalpha Chapter. Xo. 11. R. A. .M. : Pil- 
grim Commanderx, Xo. i(). Knights 'rem])lar ; Warren Louncil, .Xo. 5, R. and 
S. M. : Mecca Temple. A. A. O. X. M. S. ; and the A. .\. S. R.. Xorthern \ew 
Jersev \'allev of Jersey City. He is also affiliated with Hoboken Lodge, Xo. 
74, B. P. O.'E. : I loboken Aerie, Xo. 603, F. (). E. ; Loyal Order of P.uffaloes ; 
Hoboken Exempt I-'iremcn's Association and Hudson County L'ndertakers' As- 
sociation. He is president of the Hudson County Undertakers' Association 
?.nd of the Hudson Count_y Coach Owners' Protective Association, trustee of 
the Hoboken Cemetery ^Association and honorary member of the Interna- 
tional Association of Fire Engineers. 


dlnBrjjIj 31, iKintuFiy 


fSKI'll j. KI^XXEDY, postmaster of 
Hoboken, presents a fine example of 
the opportunities in America for 
foreiijn born citizens. He was born Febru- 
arv lo, 1864, in Aiysball. County Carlow, 
Irelanil. liis parents being Thomas Ken- 
nedy and Julia Kennedy (nee Joyce.) He 
was educated in the National School at 
Alyshall and graduated in 1880 with highest 

In the same year he came to the I'nited 
States. Then, as now, America was a land 
of promise and Kennedy came here to make 
his foitune, Ix'ing one of a family of four 
bovs and three girls, all born and brought 
up on a farm still owned by the family. 

He worked as clerk in a grocery store, as 
bookkeeper, as insurance agent and real 
estate man. He kept an eye to the main 
chance and had a predeliction for politics. 
For a time he was clerk of the County 
Board of Elections and was was one of the commissioners of public instruction 
in i8q6 and I'Sc)/. He was appointed assistant postmaster in i(,02. and .\ugust 
30, 1911, was named as postmaster for a term of four years. 

Air. Kennedy was saving. He owns the house he lives in and several others. 
He took advantage of the real estate boom of a few years back to add to his 
property holdings bv several shrewd transactions. He is general agent for sev- 
eral insurance companies. He was always active in Republican politics and 
a follower of Col. Samuel D. Dickinson. 

He is a member of the Union League Club, the Elks, Knights of Columbus. 
TUisiness Men's Bowling Club. Lincoln Rcpulilican Club and several other social 


iFrauk Siittttu tlutrll 


KAXK l':0\\L\ 1':L\\1-:LL, Xurth 
Hudson's well known sculptor, with 
home and studio at 12 and 14 1 lud- 
son I 'lace. W'cehawkcn, was born June 15. 
1S38, ill C'ciiicord, Mass.. his parents be- 
int.i |nhn W eslev I^lwell and (lara Farrar- 

.Mr. Elwell was educated in the iniblic 
schools of Conccjrd and at the College ot 
l'"ine Arts in I'aris. France, lie worked in 
the blacksmith shop of his grandfather. 
I'disha Jones Farrar, whose father assisted 
in the killing of six British soldiers at 
Concord Bridge and who was a distin- 
guished thinker. 

Mr. hdwell is a teacher ot art and writer 
on art matters. lie has delivered many 
lectures at Harvard and other colleges and 
at Carnegie Institute at Pittsburgh. Pa. 
He is one of the directors of the School of 
Applied Design for Women, Xew York 
City, and was curator of Ancient and 
Modern Scul])tor at the Metropolitan Museum of Art under Director General 
Count Lugi Palma di Cesnola. He is an honorary luember of the Cincinnati 
Art Club and of the Dickens Fellowship in London. He is a meiuber of the 
advisory committee for the celebration of one hundred years of peace between 
iuiglish speaking peo;.-le in 1915. and of the national coiumittee for the third 
conference at the Flague. He l)elongs to the Sons of the Aiuerican Revolution 
and the New Jersey Historical Societ}\ He is a veteran of the Concord Artillery 
of Massachusetts, being honorably discharged after two enlistments, and an 
honorar\- member of the Seventh Rhode Island \'olunteers. 

He is mentioned in the Encyclopedia Britanica. the Century dictionary, 
the International Fncyclopedia, 'AVho's Who in America." "Who's \\ ho in the 
World," "Wdio's Who in Xew York." "Who's Who in Art" and many other 
works. He l)elieves in the achancement of American art, as we have the 
greatest artists in the world. He thinks the world is growing 1)etter and that 
n(i man is a goocl man without a good ideal. 


l^iyxlip SI. Amnn. 


HlLir L. AAlOX, principal and 
founder of the New Jersey Institute 
of Music and Languages, which has 
l^een estabHslied for the past twenty-three 
v^ars. was burn in Roetienbacn, Bavaria, 
February iS, 1854. When but sixteen 
weeks of age he came to this country with 
his parents, wlio settled in New York. His 
early school life was spent in the parochial 
school of the Church of the Redeemer in 
Manhattan. When but twelve years of age 
he studied Latin and Greek under the Ke- 
demptorist heathers in New York City. 

His natural bent v.-as for music, how- 
ever, and his musical education was started 
in 1850. when he was a student under John 
W'egner. He was a graduate of De La 
Salle University and organist there iri iSf^/. 
He studied under such famous instructors 
as Leyersdorfer. Kirschner, I'nruh and 
Steigler. I'nder Leininger he learned har- 
mony and thorough bass. 
He taught and i)layed in many Catholic schools and churches, as well as in 
other schools and at one time tried his hand at Blauveltville, N. Y. Lie was 
also musical director for several dramatic and musical companies. In 1884 he 
settled in Hoboken and in 189 [ established the New Jersey Institute. He has 
had some 5,000 students and of these more than 300 are now earning their liv- 
ing through music alone. He is a composer of rare al)ility and an authority 
on music. 

For manv years he has been identified with union labor circles. He was 
at one time district master workman of the Knights of Labor for three terms 
when that organization was in its prime. He was most active in establishing 
the local musical union and for three terms was president of that organiza- 
tion. He declined a fourth term. He is an accomplished bandmaster and 
for one season was inspector of music in the Jersey City parks. 


Walttv ?^agur 

'VV^ .\l/l'l\lv !';i\iK'. ])r()]iri(.'t(M of tin- well known pMwii^hoi) al 250 Xcwark 
Irlll ''ivc-ihr', |crs(.'\ C'it\', souic-tinics known a> " Tlir ( )lil ('nriosilx' Sliop." 
■^^^^ condncts the oklcst t'Slalilislu'd laisinrss ol tlir kind ni \r\\ Jirs(.-y. I Ir 
succeeded l'\ W. !'a\ne in the knsiness, wliieli was esla.kli^lied in iS't_(, and has 
sncce.ssfulh' conducU'd il lOi' llie last several years in a liij^h chiss manner whieli 
has made for him friends of man\- of those who lia\e keen com])elled, lhrou,i^h 
force of circumstances, lo seek his ai<l in assistin;ii them ovt'r rcui^h financial 
places. The business is not incorporated, knt is owned enlireK 1)\ Mr. Tayne, 
\\ho, in addition to acting as pawnhroker, carries a lull and rei^nkir line ot 
watches, diamonds and jewelr\. Mr. l'a\ne has a second store at 4OS Jackson 
avemie. Jersey Citv. and this is conducted along the same lines as the parent 
store on Newark avenue. 

Walter Pavne is one of the -olid business men of Jersey Cit\. lie is among 
the most respected citizens. With his famil\ he lives at 18 1 )unc;in avenue, and 
here be fmds bis greatest enjoxnient after a day of acti\ity in his extensive 
btisiness enterprises, lie is a man of modest tastes and cari'S little for tri\'olit\ 
of anv kind. His business and his famil\' are bis two greatest hobbies. 

I'.eing in business in Jersey L"]'i.y for so long a time ln' is naturally keen and 
alive in bis interests for bis home city, lie has never (kibbled extcnsi\ely in 
politics, btit be has alv\a\s been a close observer (tf political events and taken as 
active an interest as a business man without desire of fee or reward takes in these 
matters. In business circles bis interest has been as keen as in ])olilics. lie 
alwavs bad an abiding faith in the future of Jersey City, and be believes that the is coming, and is not far distant, when the city will be of much greater 
imi)ortance. commercially and intlustriallx , than at the ] resent time. Me is a 
staunch supporter of the commission fcjrm of government, and b,elieves that with 
capable business men at the head of various depuirtments i)rogress will be made 
faster in the future than in the ])ast. 

Although devoting most of bis time and enL'rg\- to his business ami bis 
family, Air. Pa\ne buds time to mingle with bis fellow business men and to lend 
his aid to an\- movement which he thinks is for the better interests of tln' cit\' 
and countv. He is a man of few words, of decided opinions and of i)rom])t 
action. His counsel is greatly sought by business men because of his long experi- 
ence and bis ability to advise rightly when matters of more than passing moment 
are being discussed and when problems of importance are under discussion. 

When Mr. Pavne starts out to do a thing he does it and does it well. This 
is a characteristic which has dominated bis entire business, social and personal 
career. It is his indomitable energy that has made bis business so great a success 
diat a second store of the same kind in the same town was made ])ossible. It is 
bis personality that has advanced him sociall\. It is bis dignitv that has m.ide 
bis personality marked among his fellows. 

Mr. Pavne believes ])awnbroking is as necessarx to the nnfortimatc as the 
banker is to the business man. He has always acted toward bis ])atrons as if 
they were doing a banking business with him. He has never taken advantage of 
the' misfortunes of others to enrich himself. He has always been as lil)eral as 
good business would permit. He believes pledges left in his bands are trusts 
reposed in him. He has never sold a pledge as long as there was a possible 
chance of its redemption by the owner. He charges only the minimum rate of 
interest allowed by law. There are no extra charges for bis services. He treats 
his patrons with every consideration. He finds it pays to do so. It is m this 
manner his pawnbroking trade has been built up. He has patrons in his regular 
iewelrv business who have appealed to him for aid in bis role of pawnbroker, and 
ibis speaks volumes for the treatment which has invariably made his 
y-atrons his friends. 


Title Page 


HiKlson Count.y 

Jersey City 



North Hudson 

Abbett. Leon 

American Lead Pencil Co 

American Novelty Printing & Embossing 


AiTimon & Person 

Anion, Philip L 

Applegate. Ivins D 

Atkinson Co.. \\'. H 

Atwell, David Roger 

Bellman Brook Bleachery Co 

Bermes, Daniel 

Besson. John William Rufus 

Besson, Samuel Austin 

Blair, John Albert 

Bradley, W. H 

Brand. Isidor H 

Brensinger, George Frederick 

Broeser. Henry V. . ., 

Brunswick Laundry 

Burhorn. Carl Alfred 

Carey. Roljert 

Car.sten. Adolph C 

Ciccarelli. A. O 

Columbia Silk Dyeing Works 

Cranwell & Son, George W 

Demarest, Abraham J 


Dietz. Charles 

Eberhard. Frederick N 

Elia. D. B 

Elwell, Frank Edwin 

Emery, Captain John M 

Eppinger, Albert C 

Findlay & Co., A. L 

Fleck-enstein's Sons, Ed 

Gaede, Henry A . . . 

Gaede, Henry J 

Gardner & Meeks Co 

Garven, Pierre P 

Gilchrist. Charles Alexander 

Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co 

Griffin, Patrick R 

Hansen & Hansen 

Hagens, Fred 

Harmon. Thomas J 

Hefti, M 

Hexamer Riding Academy 

Highland Trust Co. of Ne%v Jersey . . . . 

Horwood & Co., E. H 

Hotwet. Henry Ameroy 

Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Co 

Hunsicker. Alvin 

Independent Lamp & Wire Co 

.lanssen, F. W 

Jersey City Poster Advertiising Co 

Justin. Arthur W'illiam 

Kamlah, William 

Kavanagh, William A 

Kennedy, Joseph J 

Kinkead, T. C 

Kleinke, August 

Leake. Eugene "Walter 

Leonard, Clement De R 

Uchtenstein. Julius 




Industrial Progress in Hudson County 


Real Estate in Hudson County 

Men of Affairs 

53 Loew.v, Morris 

SO Lorillard Co., P 

Lugosch, Joseph . 

89 McCaffery, James 

86 McEwan, George J 

IGO Mahnken, Alfred J 

157 Marnell, John J 

93 Maupai Dyeing Co., F. P 

122 Max, Lewis 

7 7 Mayer, David 

137 Milton, John 

49 Moos' Central Hotel and Hofbrauhaus. 

46 Aug , 

38 Mountain Ice Co 

53 Mueller Co., C. F 

58 Neilson. Charles H 

150 New York & New- Jersey Crematory . . 

124 Nichols, G. Louis 

104 Olpp. Archibald Ernest 

138 O'Neill, William 

39 Paganelli, T. Richard 

58 Payne, Walter 

59 Pendergast. Nathan H 

77 Pierson. John D 

134 Randall, Charles W 

144 Rath, Robert. J 

113 Rector, Joseph Manuel 

114 Reiling & Schoen 

56 Reiner Importing Co., Robert 

107 Rleser, Robert 

159 Savage Baking Co 

149 Schimper & Co., William 

113 Schlemm, William 

103 Schwarzenbach, Huber Co 

105 Sheridan, John H 

49 Simon Co., R. & H 

5 4 Simpson. Charles E. S 

82 Speer. William. H 

41 Standard Oil Co 

123 Stehn. H. "tt'illiam 

84 Steinhoff. Herman C 

154 .Stellwagen. Frederick Byron 

133 Stevens, Richard 

114 Stewart Co.. Thomas J 

140 Stillman, Thomas Bliss 

75 Stover, Edward 

111 Sullivan, James A 

63 Thomson, James 

112 Tissot, C. A 

118 Cmansky, Morris 

65 Union Iron W^orks 

145 Union Trust Co 

79 Verdon, William P 

94 Vivarttas, Percie A 

7 8 Vroman, Julius 

125 Walscheid, J. Emil 

12S Walsh, John J 

56 Weber, Charles 

158 Weehawken Dry Dock Co 

110 Weizmann, F 

135 West Hoboken Noveltiv & Embroidery 

50 Works 

51 White, William H 

44 Wirtz. Louis .1 






























































This book is 


under no circumstances to be 

£en from the Building 






form 410