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Full text of "Hudson County to-day; its history, people, trades, commerce, institutions and industries"




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HUDSON 

3ta l^istnrit. 


COUNIY, NtW JtRSEY 

Prnjilr, ®ra6ra. (Unmiiirrrr 






JufltituttnuB m\i\ Jubuatrira 






COMPILED BY 

ROBERT R STINSON 






EDITED BY 
ROBERT RIESER 






PUBLISHED BY 
HUDSON DISPATCH 

TOWN OF UNION 
NEW JERSEY 









Jntrniiitrtnrij 



^^♦(♦(tRE tlian tiftccn miles of waterfruiU huiiiiiiing- with iiulusliy aii<l com- 
^HrL 'iiercc and inset with manufacturing plants, railroad terminals, and the 
^** stahles of the giant ocean steeds, — this is the prophetic and impressive 
lace which Hudson County turns toward the great Metropolis on the east 
hank of the Hudson. The touch of prophesy lies in the acknowledged pos- 
sibility that were tlie thirteen mimicipalities of Hudson County to combine, 
llic unified result wnnld some day give New York City a close race for the 
premiership among the industrial cities of the world. 

Alexander Hamilton, the man of keen forevision realized this possibility 
when he predicted that the greatest city of the world would some day be 
located on the west bank of the Hudson. In this he had the history of city 
building to back his prophesy, for with few exceptions almost all l)ig cities 
have grown up on the west bank of the river. 

Hudson Count\- with is thrixing municipalities all atljoining each other, 
already has 600,000 residents who are wealthier per capita than any other 
county in the state, which in the last analysis means that the county is one 
of the richest in the country and concentrates probably as much wealth as 
any- territory of its size in the world. In this territory is located with two 
exceptions, the terminals of every great railroad running trains west, north 
and south. There are the Pennsylvania, the Erie, the Jersey Central, the 
Lackawanna ;ind others carrying thousands of passengers and incalculable 
tons of freight every da}-; consequently more freight is handled through or 
unloaded here than in New York City. 

Huge piers studding the Hudson River front at inter\als, mark the des- 
tination of such trans-Atlantic steamship lines as the Hamburg-American 
with its ocean palaces, the Imperator and the N'aterland ; the North German 
!.lo\(l. noted for its luxurious shijis and the number of passengers carried 
by it. and pro1)abl}- the most popular steamship line in operation; and last 
but not the least in importance, the Scandanavian-.\merican, lb illaiid-.\nicr- 
ica. Phoenix, Wilson, and Panama lines, and the Italian Llo_\(ls. 

( )n the river front from Constable Hook in Bayonne to the end of the 
count}- line at Fort Lee, are also located numerous industries of world-wide 
fame, — The Standard ( )il \\'(ji-ks. the Ti<le \\'ater ( )il Co., the largest bi-)rax 
manufacturing compaiu- in the world, the plant of the lja.bcock & Wilcox 
Co.. which is known the wcjrld o\er for the boilers it turns out; the Colgate 
Soap Co.. the machine shojjs of W. & A. Fletcher Company, the Tietjen tt 
I^ang Dry Docks, l^eside many others of equal importance. 

Numerous other thriving industries are spread throughout the county, 
attracted here by reason of geographical location, proximity to the great 
Metropolis of which Hudson County forms an important unit, and because 
of excellent shipjiing facilities bv land and water. Rich alrea.d\- in these 
things, the i.ipening of the I'anama Canal and the completion of the water 
liighway from the Lake ])orts to the Atlantic ocean via the Hudson l\i\-er. 
gi\-es promise of greater prosperity for Hudson County.. 

ROBERT R. STINSON. 




iiuiianu QlDimlu 



■•/^ L" I )S( ).\' C()L".\"r\. Uic .smallest county in the state in area, and the 
4ra secnnd largest in population in the state of New jersey, is bounded on 
^ the east In- the Hudson River and Xew York Bay; on the south liy 
the Kill von Kull, separating the count}' from Staten Island: on the west by 
Newark Bav and Passaic River; and on the north by Bergen County. It 
comprises 43.83 square miles. Nearly half the county. 20.15 ^qtiare miles, 
consists of marsh land. ( )nc ridge of hills, called the Bergen Hill and Palisade 
.\[ountain. traverses its entire length from Kill von Kull to Bergen County. 
\-ar\ing in width from one-half to one and one-half miles. From a. jioint just 
below Weehawken to licrgen Point, the ridge skirts the Hudson I\i\cr. The 
geological composition is trap rcjck with imderlying sandstone. 

Hudstm Countv was formerly a part of Bergen County, but was or- 
ganized into a separate municij)ality in 1840. Its initial history is so closely 
interwoven with that of Manhattan Island that one chronicle serves for both, 
territories. All through the Dutch occupation it was part of New Amsterdam. 

The Countv is named after Henry Hudson who is conceded b}- the ma- 
joritv of historians tt) be the discoverer and explorer of the Hudson River. 
It was his trip to this region in the Half Moon in 1609 that turned the atten- 
tion of the directors of the Dutch West India Company to the colr^iization 
of the New Netherlands, a plan wiiich materialized in 1623 when the first 
permanent agricultural culony was founded in this vicinity. Thirt\ families 
were brought over from Holland on the "New Netherland." a ship of 260 
tons burden. Right men were left at Manhattan to take i)ossession for the 
\\'est India Compan^•. Several families were detailed for a like service to the 
eastward of Manhattan, and about eighteen families were stationed at Fort 
( )range, on the present site of the cit}- of Albany. 

There is no record to prove whether, or not, any of the pioneer colonists 
e\er settled in Hudson County. History, unfortunately, fails to show who 
was the first settler in Hudson Countx'. F'rom the wild and l)arren nature 
of the countr\' at that time. howe\'er, it is not likely that any colonist had 
the temerit^" to bra\'e nature in such a crude form for se\'eral \ears after the 
permanent colonv was established on Manhattan. 

The eventual settlement of the territory on the west side of the Hudson 
can he ascribed to the fact that up to 1629 the Dutch territories in .\merica 
were enormously exi)ensi\-e. or in the phraseology of modern finance, were 
failing to meet expenses. To attract settlers from the mother country the 



West India Company offered to emigrants the absolute propriety of as much 
land as they could "properly" improve in any part of New Netherland other 
than Manhattan. 

Michael Paauw Stakes First Claim. 

One of those attracted h\- their iiffcr was Alichael Paauw, a director of 
the Amsterdam Chamber, wiio in 1630 staked his claim U> the tract known 
as Hopogahn-Hackingh, now Hoboken, and all of Staten Island. He later 
took possession of "Ahasimus and Aressick," including the whole neighbor- 
hood of "Paulus Hoeck" or Jersey City, to which Paauw gave the name of 
Pavonia. It was a wise selection on the part of Paauw, for the Indians used 
it as a vantage point frdni which to ^h\\) their peltries directly across the 
River to Fort Amsterdam. The territory was so desirable, in fact, that its 
acquisition gave rise to much jealousy. In December, 1633 Paauw was sum- 
moned to appear before the Assembly of the XIX and was finally forced to 
sell his property to the company for 2(:-iOO florin >. 

Almost all of Hudson C'ounty was originally included in Bergen Town- 
ship, embracing all the territory lying between the Hudson River on the east, 
the Hackensack River and Newark Bay on the west, the Kill von Kull Creek 
on the south and what is now the north boundary line of Hudson County on 
the north. 

This territory was the scene of several Indian massacres. It bore the 
brunt of the retaliation of the Indians for William Kieft's weak and out- 
rageous attempt to drive the savages out of the New X^'etherlands because 
of their refusal to pay a tax consisting of wampum, maize and furs. 

Kieft was the third director-general of the New Netherlands employed 
by the \\'est India Company. Under his orders a squad of soldiers led by a 
.sergeant rounded the southerly point of Paulus Hoeck, landed near the mouth 
of Mill Creek and crept up on the Indians wh(5 had no reason to believe 
that the Dutchmen were other than their friends and protectors from 
the more warlike tribes to the north. The slaughter which prevailed that 
night was little short of fiendish. lughty Indians, including squaws and 
papooses, were murdered in cold blood. The x'engeance of the Indians was 
no less terrible. In 1643 all of Pavonia was laid waste, every house burned 
with the exception of the brew-house in Hoboken. and every bouwerie and 
plantation destroyed. We read that on October i. 1643. '^ band of Indians 
burned the house of Jacon .Stoffelsen, near what is now the corner of Hen- 
derson and Third streets, Jersey City, and killed the squad of soldiers guard- 
ing the house. 

Aert Tunissen of Hoboken, out on a trading excursi(^n, was killed near 
Sandv Hook and his farm afterwards laid waste and his cattle killed. 

So complete was the work of devastation that the whole of what is now 
New Jersey was restored to its aborigines. It was not until the treaty of 
1645 between the Indians and the Dutch ga.\-e some assurances of safety, that 
a few of the old colonists could be induced to return to their l)Ouweries in 
Hudson County. 

In 1647, vvhile Petrus Stuvvesant was director-general (.if the New Neth- 
erlands, the Indian troubles broke out afresh. The injustice of the Kieft 
massacre still rankled in the breasts of the savages in spite of Stuyvesant's 
humane and conciliatory policy toward them. An Indian girl shot by Hen- 
drick Van Dyck, while she was stealing fruit from his orchard near F'orl 
Amsterdam served as an excuse for the outbreaic of a revolt on September 15, 
1647. Five hundred warriors in sixty-four canoes, landed at X^ew Amster- 
dam, wounded \'an Dyck, killed his neighbor, \"andegrist, and were repulsed 
by the guard. They crossed the river and again dcvasted Bergen Township 
and its adjoining precincts. All cattle was killed, all houses burned and every 
man who did not seek safety in flight killed, with the exception of Michael 
Jansen at Communipaw. This work done, the savages devasted Staten Isl.ind. 



First Settler in Hudson County. 

I'lic first houses erected on the west side of the Hudson were two huts 
built at Pavonia in 1633 under the direction of Wouter \'an Turilles, then 
director-general of the New Netherlands. Comnumipaw, adjoining Jersey 
Citv was one of the earliest settlements in Jersey. As nearly as can be ascer- 
tained from the imperfect annals of the lime the first settler was Jan Rvert- 
sen liout. who came across the river in 1634 as the agent of Michael Paauw. 
When tiie latter was forced to sell his land to the Dutch West India Com- 
pany in 1638, Bout bought his farm, including all the upland between Com- 
munipaw creek on the snutli and the meadow on the north. 

Up to 1643 "" settlement had been made north of Hoboken. At this 
place a farm house and a l)rew house had been built and Ixiuwerie cleared 
and planted by Aert Tunissen \'an Putten. 

At Ahasimus lived Jacoli Stoffelsen. who had married the widow of 
Cornelius \'an \'orst, and was thus the head of the Van Vorst family. 
Abraham Isaacsen Plauck and his tenants, Gerrit Dirckson Blauw, Claes 
Tansen \'an Purmerendt, and Cornelius Arissen, Egbert \\'outersen and his 
family lived at Jan DeLaecher's Hoeck or Mill Creek Point. Dirck Streat- 
maker lix'ed on the rear of the bluff immediately in the rear of Caven Point, 
just where the Central Railroad crosses the Morris Canal. 

The peninsula of Paulus Hook, on which Jersey City is now situated, 
belonged from a remote period to the \'an \'orst family. In 1804 it was 
\ested in Cornelius Van Vorst. 

According to George Scott's liook. "The Model of the Government of 
New lersev," published 1)} him in 1785. there were several plantations on 
the Hackensack River. Also "near the mouth of the bay, upon the side of 
( )verpeck Creek, adjoining to Hackensack River." says Scott, "several of the 
rich valleys were settled bv the Dutch : and near Snake Hill is a fine planta- 
tion owned by Pinhorne and Eickbe. for half of which I'inhorne is said to 
have paid five-hundred pounds." 

The first definite community in the territory now comprising Hudson 
Countv was established at Bergen \"illage or what is now Jersey City Heights. 
After the peace pact entered into between the Dutch and the Indians on 
Januarv 2Z. 1658, several of the old settlers who had been driven from their 
homes in Jersey, petitioned the director-general and the council for an ex- 
emption of taxes for a certain length of time so that they might restore their 
old farms. The exemption was granted for six \ears but the director-general 
and the council preferred that the people congregate in one village for ])nr- 
poses of protection. This is the origin of the formation of Bergen X'illage. 
the exact date of which is unknown. The jilace was merely described then 
as behind "Gemoenepaen." There was a small clearing about where Mont- 
gomery Street crosses Bergen Avenue wiiich pnibabl}- had l)een made by the 
Indians and was known then as the "Indian Cornfields" or "Maize Land." 
and after the village was established as "The ( )ld Maize Land." It is 
))robable that the position was selected, the village surveyed, laid out and 
given a name between August i6th and some time in November, 1660. Bergen 
X'illage evolved from a cluster of log huts 800 feet square and surrounded b\- 
? Palisade. It grew rapidly, and in one year it had become of sufficient im- 
portance to merit a local government. Up to 1661 the Court of Burgomasters 
and Schepens in New Amsterdam had since its organization in 1652 exer- 
cised legal jurisdiction on the west side of the river. Thereafter matters in 
controversy in Jersey were to be decided by a local court, subject to the 
right of appeal to the director-general and council. 

On August 4, 1661. Tielman \'an Meek was appointed sheriff", or "scIkjuI" 
of Bergen X'illagc — on the same day Director-( Jeneral Petrus Stuyve-^ant 
granted a charter to the village. Thus was established the first municipal 
government and the first court in New Jersey. 



A> all f;miiliar with tlie eail\ history of North America recall. Xcw 
Nethei-la.nds was captureil by ihc Miii;iish in if)64 withum oppusition. On 
fulv 29. K)7.^ ihc 1 )utch reca]iture(l il without hlmnlshed. On February 9. 
1674, a peace treatv was drawn up between the twn countries giving England 
])OSsessi()n of New Netherlands. I'hilip Carteret, who had been made gov- 
ernor of New jersey during the first I'lnglish occupation of the New Neth- 
erlands, was restored to that post. 

Lnuler ( loxernor L'arteret. Bergen was made the capital of fiast Jersey-, 
and the asscmbK' or legislative body met regularl}- each year in various 
cities. In 1714 Robert Hunter, then (io\ernor of New Jerse\' granted Bergen 
a new charter making it a body corporate. 

The count\' of Hudson did not come into existence officially until I-'eb- 
ruar\- jo, 1840, when the legislature passed an act to this effect. The first 
term of the county court was held in Lyceum Hall, on (irand street, Jersey 
I'itv. April 14, i!^4(-i. with the lion. Chief Justice lloi-nblower presiding. His 
associates c.ju the bench were Cornelius \'an W inkle. Henry .Southmayd. 
.Stephen (iarretson and George C. De Iva\-. 

The courts were held in Lyceum Hall until March it, 1845. when the 
new court house in ISergen was dedicated. On Ma\' i,^. 1840. the Chosen 
Board of Freehohlers of Hu<lson CcjuiU}- met for the first time in Draxton's 
Hotel, Five Corners. 

Hudson County During the Revolution. 

( )n lune 5, 1774. the Freehoklers and inhabitants of Bergen Count\% of 
which Hudson was then a part, passed resolutions at a meeting held at Hack- 
rnsack in fa\or of sending delegates to the General Congress of the Colonies. 

( )n Inly 4, 1776, General Washington ordered General Mercer to throw 
up breast works at I-'aultis Hoeck and station a guard of 500 men there. 
This was a stragetic jjoint from which to repel invasion from Staten Island. 
.\ fort, afterwards named DeLancey, was also erected a short distance below 
the present canal at Bayonne and (ieneral \\'adsworth"s brigade was sent 
over to Bergen, where it was joined by a battalion of Jerse>' troops. 

(hi |ul\ IJ, the patriot cannons at Pauliis llocck opened the lirst tire 
on the luiglish fleet collected in the harbor. ( )n .September 13th. when the 
British captured .\ew York, a coincident attack \v;is made upon the [jost at 
I'aulus Hoeck with less sttccess. 

During this time Washington, then headquartered at Harlaem, wouhl 
occasit)nallv slip over to the Jersey shore and in company with (ieneral 
Greene, who had succeeded General Mercer in command im the Jersey shore, 
reconnoitre as far as I'aulus Hoeck. ( )n .Septemlier 23, 177'). the I'ritish took 
Paulus Hoeck, the .\mericans falling back to Bergen. ( )utposts remained at 
this place, Hoboken. Bull's Ferry and Hackensack until Novemljer 20. 1776, 
wdien Fort Lee, ha\ing been evacuated, the Continental troops here followed 
Washington to the Hackensack and thence to the Delaware, leaving east 
Jersey in possession of the British. 

It was in the vicinity of Hackensack in 177(1 ^'I'^t t'olonel .\aron Burr 
first attracted attention by his 1)ra\erv. 

Another notable engagement of the l\e\olutic:)nar\' \\ ar which occurred 
in lluilson Comity was fought with moi"e humiliating results. This was the 
attack on Block House Point, located on the Palisades directl}- opposite 
iMghtieth street. New York Cit\ . Here a handful of woodchoppers who 
were engaged in cutting wood for the l^^nglisii army across the river, repulsed 
a force of colonial soldiers twenty-five times as large, under General Wayne, 
the hero of .Ston\- Point. 



Hudson County in the Civil War. 

Patriiitic li'dinj;- ran hit;-h in ilir n.inii) at the miiliixak of the civil war. 
Banks and individuals ni nican^ \ ird in liicir efforts ti > advance money for 
the needs oi the L'nion. I lie Mt-clianics and d'raders I'.ank of Jersey City 
l)ledged itself for $.'5,000; the l)aid< of Jersey City $10,000 and the lloboken 
City Hank $11,000. The .Misses Sophia and F.s'ther Stevens placed $i.ono 
each at the i;o\ ornnicnt's disposal 

.\'or was tile counl\ l)ehind hand in answering ('resident Lincoln's call 
for troops. One of tlic lirst re.ninicnts t.> lie mustered in was the Second of 
Xew lersev, raised entirely in llnd-on Coinux. This reijiment was raised 
and ec|uipi)ed liy a war connnitlce of li\e. headt'd hy .Major Cornelius Van 
\'orst of |erse\- t'it\. John (irifliths and Benjamin (i. Clarke, niemhers of 
the committee, made tiiemsehes personally lialde for the debt of $30,000 
incurred in uniforming- the regiment. The debt was later met by the citizens 
of the countN. The Second Rcgimeut served nine months and was mustered 
out of service. Hudson County also contributed a comically or two to the 
First, Fifth, Ninlli, Tenth. I'.lesenth. Thirteenth, Twenty-first, .•mil Thirty- 
third regiment-- of .\e\v Jersey, all of which saw active service in the war. 

Hexamer's Battery, fsuown as Matter) A. Captain W'illi.am lle.xamer. was 
recruited in Hol)oken. It participated in the liatile of West Point, Va., 
Mechanicsville, Chantilly, .\ntietam .and other meinor;dile eng;igenients. Tt 
was comijosed largely of (iermans. 

Educational Interests of Hudson County. 

In the educational spliere 1 Unison County boasts one institution which 
ranks second, if not first, in its line in the country. This is the Stevens In- 
stittite of Technology, in Hoboken, which was founded by the late Edwin .\. 
.'-^teveiis. The institute teaches mechanical and electrical engineering. Con- 
nected with it is the Stevens Preparatory School. 

C)ther institutions of prominence are the Hoboken .\cademy, organized 
in i860, HaslM-ouck Institute, now part of the public school system in Jersey 
City, St. Peter's L'ollege, excellent high schools an<l a lutmber of pri\-a.te 
schools in various i)arts of the count\. 




n 




lO 



dirnuni (Litij 



S 



L'IvAUJL'X'I'I.XLi a nuniljcr of obstacles that would have stunted the 
growth of any other city in its incipiency. Jersey City has grown from 
a strip of farming land with a population of 13 in 1802, to a thriving 
community with a population of 300.885. Nor has it yet come into its own. 

Located ideally as a centre of transportation, it is now the focal point 
of a huge fan of railroad tracks running north, south and west. Its river 
front is hemmed with busy wharfs, while tubes and ferries link it with Xew 
York City which can be reached in three minutes. Its heart throbs with 
industry and sends an ever increasing flow of commodities into the arteries 
of trade radiating to all parts of the world. As a manufacturing centre it 
stands among the first cities of the country. 

No wonder then that statisticians, with ])lausible figures to back them, 
predict a population of 745,374 in 1936, insisting that their estimate is a con- 
servative one. 

A peep into Jersey City's early history makes the fact of its present im- 
portance seem an unreality. Until the beginning of the 19th century, Jersey 
Citv, or what is nriw Tersev Citv. was used as farming land. The entire 




CHRIST HOSPITAL. JERSEY CITV, X. J. 



population of thirteen was gathered in one house with outbuildings, on 
Paulus Hook. For over one hundred years this property consisting of 
meadows and a bit of upland, had been in the possession of the \'an \'orst 
family. In 1746 Cornelius \'an \'orst built a ferry to New York and in 1769 
laid out a race track on his property. 

Even in its early days Jersey City, by virtue of its strategic position, 
was a centre of transportation. Here the "Flying Machine," a springless 
wagon began its three days' journey to Philadelphia. This was succeeded 
by the stage wagon, which left Philadelphia on Monday, reached Trenton 
that day, arrived in Elizabethtown on Tuesday and Paulus Hook on Wed- 
nesday. Charles H. ^^'inf^eld, in his monograph on the "Founding of Jersey 
City," says that at one time as many as twenty stages entered Paulus Hook 
a dav. 



II 



( )ii .March J(). 1804, tlu- \'an XOrst iirnperty was coincNL-d in Anthcjin' 
! )cy. represc-nlatixe of Mew Vnrk im uk-x cd interests, in return fur a perpettial 
annuit\' uf 6oro milled dollars, secured hy an irredeemable mortgage. The 
tract contained 1 17 acres bounded by the Hudson River. Harsimus Bav.. 
Communipaw l!ay and a straight line between the two bays. The \"an \"orst 
title to it had ])een approved by Alexander Hamilton and Josiah Ogden 
Miiffman. for which legal service the lawyers received a princeh' fee of Sioo. 

The capitalists for whcini Dey bought the property, cut it up into lots 
and advertised it fcir sale. Imping to build up a thriving comniunitx' in short 
cirder. Jiut they fnuml themselves confronted by two formidable obstacles 
which for a time threatened to disrupt their plans. These were the \'an \'orst 
mortgage and the claim of New York City to jurisdiction over the lands 
under the Hudson westward to low water mark on the jersey shore. United 
States District Court Judge Robert Troup of Xew Ynrk and Recorder Richard 
Harrison of Xew \'ork City, had decided in favor of this contention, but in 
the nick of time the Common Council of New York City i)assed a resolution 
assuring the proprietors of I'aulus llook that the city did not wish to oppose 
the land project. The resolution added that the improvements "wt)uld greatlv 
tend to the convenience of the inhabitants of this city in case of the return 
of the epidemic" (small jxix). 




WHERE THl". P,()UI.KV.\RD CROSSE.S 0\'ER THE PEXXSVLVAXIA RAU.RO.AD 



The Jersey Company Formed. 



The resolution ser\ cd to reassure all concerned that the whar\'es along 
I'aulus Hook would not ha\ e t(j be rebuilt under the direction of New York 
Citv, and the ]jromotion of the land ]iroject was resumed. ( )n October it. 
1804, certain "articles of association" were entered into between the original 
proprietors and certain associates. ( )n the loth of November, 1804. the 
capitalists were incorporated by the legislature under an act entitled "An 
act to incorporate the associates of the Jersey Company." The statute had 
been drawn up by .\Iexander Hamilton and conferred on the associates prac- 
tically all of llie powers of local go\'ernment. .Some of the more prominent 
associates and the amount of shares held 1)y each in the enterprise were: 
Ja.cob Radclift'e. .Ma}-or of New \"ork Cily. 100 shares: Josepji Bloomheld. 
goN'ernor of Xew Jerse\-. 20 shares: Riclianl X'arick, a former attorne_\- general 



of New \'ork Stale, 100 share 



Alexander ( l. McWhorter, :;o shares: -\u- 



12 



thon\- Dev, loo shares; j. N. Cumniing. 50 shares; W'ilham Halsey. 50 shares; 
lilisha Bondinot, 15 shares; Samuel Boyd. 40 shares: Arch. (Iracie, 40 sliares; 
Jiihii I!. Coles, 20 shares; Uavid Bogden. 20 shares. 

Xine of these associates were. i)y the articles of incorporation, to hr made 
rrustecs with the |)o\vcr to conduct and manag'e the affairs of the company 
and to sell the property and appoint all necessary officers. F.ach assuciale 
had one \oie for each share he held in the ciunpany. 

.\11 sorts of inducements were held out to get purchasers of lots. Lots 
were offered free, in some cases, except for ground rent and surveyors' fees, 
to tlii>>c w h" agreed li> put up liuildings al»'\e a certain value. In other 
cases the jiurchase [jrice of a lut was reduced if the l)uyer hegan the erection 
of a building worth $500 or o\ er w ithin one year after the purchase. .\n effort 
was made to get Roliert h'ulton to transfer his shipyard in the town. This 
effort was successful hy i"eason of an offer of one block of land fcjr Siooo. 
payable in fi\-e years without interest. Here he made his first attempt to 
introduce the use of steam power into ferr}- antl other vehicles. 




CWRTERET CLUB HOUSE. lEKSEV Cn"^•. X. J. 



The associates hail shade trees planted in the streets, reserved land for 
a shipyard, for churches, a school and a ijublic market, and to encourage the 
increase of the sttpply of pure water, contributed toward the cost of digging 
wells. In 1805 they negotiated for the erection of a hotel which was after- 
w-ards known as the Hudson House and now forms part of Colgate's soap 
!actor\'. 

Jersey City Incorporated. 

iJul in spite ol all these inducements the colon\ did not pros|)er an<l we 
read that at the end of 30 }'ears after the Ijeginning of the enterprise the 
population showed an increase of less than fifty a year. The three main 
elements in the retardation of its growth were the old \'an X'orst mortgage. 



13 



tor the payment i if which the associates had to use the revenues from the 
ferry and the ground rent from some of the lots which were sold under that 
condition; also from time to time the bugaboo of New York's claim to Jersey 
land under water kept reasserting itself, and thirdly the form of government 
was unpoinilar since it C(_)nf erred on the associates too much power, allowing 
them througli their l^oard of trustees to levy taxes and inflict ])enalties when 
the land owners refused to al:)ide by their laws. 

Finding themselves unable, under these conditions to carrv out their 
ambitious plans the trustees applied to the legislature in 1819 for a law in- 
corporating the town. Such an enactment was passed on January 20 of that 
year, entitled "An act to incorporate the city of Jersey in Bergen County.'' 
In the body of the act the name was changed to Jersey City. Even under 
this act, however, the associates still held the balance of power and were 
able to dictate concerning tax levies. The "Board of Selectmen of Jersey 




HUDSON COUNTY BOULEVARD, JERSEY CITY, N. J. 



Cit\'," consisting of five freelinUlers nr inhabitants were more or less figure- 
heads. Consequently this form of municipal government was also unpopular 
and on January 2 J,. 1829, an amendatiun act was passed, under which the 
Board of Selectmen, consisting of seven members, were allowed to raise 
money b}' tax not exceeding S300 in any one year unless by consent of the 
freeholders and other taxable inhaliitants. Although this sum sounds 
ridiculously small it was opulent compared with the amounts obtained by 
the old board when the associates had the say. 

Things began to improve perceptibly after that, especially when in 1834 
the rights of Jersey to land under water were established in a treaty with 
Xew York. Then transportation facilities, such as they were then, liegan to 
increase. The New Jersey Railroad with its "passenger car Washington" 
established its terminus in Jersey City, carrying passengers to Newark and 
then extending in the direction of Philadelphia. Then there was the Paterson 
and Hudson River Railroad, with three cars having a capacity of thirty 
passengers each and drawn by "fleet and gentle horses." In i8j^6 the Morris 
Canal was opened for traffic from Newark. 



14 



Thirty-four years to a day from the time Dey contracted with \'an Vorst 
for the purchase of Paulus Hook. Jersey City was incorporated. This was 
on Febniarv 22, 1838. Henceforth the powers of government were to l^e 
vested in a ma\or and a common council. This new charter established the 
communitv as a unit, separate from the Township ,,i Ilerg-en of which it had 
always been a part. 

Consolidation. 

lint all this stor_\' so far concerns iinl_\ the acorn from wiiich the oak of 
the city, as it stands today, sprang. The best description of the territorial 
growth of Paulus Hook, or the original Jersey City is afforded in the follow- 
ing passage from Charles H. AVinfield"s "Monograph on the Founding of 
Jersey City." 

The first addition of territor\- to the original bounds of Powles tlook 
brought within the jurisdiction of Jersey City, was made March 8th. 1S39. 
Then the westerl}' lioundary of the citv was extended to the centre line of 
Grove street. 




AMERICAN TYPE FOUXDRY. JERSEY CITY. X. J. 



The second enlargement was made March 27th, 1851. when Jersey City 
and the Township of \'a.n X'orst were consolidated. This Townshij) was (.m 
the Island of Ahasimus. and with Powles Hook and the territory annexed, 
thereto in 1839. covered the whole island. This island was surrounded on 
the east l)y Hudson's River, and on the other three sides by Mill Creek, from 
Jan de Lacher's Hook on the south around by Point of Rocks and the foot 
of the Hill at Newark Avenue, thence winding through the meadows to the 
Hudson at the boundary line between Jersey City and Hoboken on the north. 
The northerly ])art of this stream was generally called Harsimus Creek. 

In icSjo, the cities of Hudson. Bergen and Jersey City were consolidated 
imder the last name. 



'l"hc L'il\- uf Hudsun was iiici irpi iiatc-il Ajiril nth. 1855, and Cdvered all 
tlie territurv lying on the Heights, and extending to the Hackensack River 
on the west, between the I'enns_\lvania Railroad cin the south, and the Tnwn 
of West Hoboken on the north. 

The Citv of Bergen was incuriicirated .March iith, 1868. and covered all 
ihe territory between the Pennsylvania Railrciad on the north, the To\vnshi]i 
of Greenville on the south, the Hackensack River on the west, and Mill Creek 
and Htidson"s River on the east. Within these bounds were the once fortified 
\ illages of Communiiiaw and "het dor]) Bergen in t'nietiw maislandt.'" 

In 1873, the Township of Greenville, covering all the territory between 
the Cities of Bergen and Bayonne. and the New York and Hackensack Ba}s 
was added to Jerse}- City. To-day all of these smaller cities make up the 
present city of Jersey City. 

Prosperous Up-to-Date Community. 

( )n the western slope of the licrgcn section in the jerse_\^ Cit_\' of today 
is laid out the beautiful West Side Park covering 2c8 acres. Its construc- 
tion b\' the Hudson Count\' Park Commission cost $1,250,000. There are 
liine cit\' parks with an area of ,19.10. The}- are River A'iew, liay N'iew. 
.Ceonard j. Gordon, Hamilton, Columbia, .Mary Benson. Lafayette. \'an N'orst 
and Washington. 

In handsome public buildings Jerse_\' City is not lacking. It boasts a City 
Mall that cost $900,000; the Free Public Library, $360,000: the new City 
Hospital, $350,000, including the price of the site; the new High School, 
$400,000; the People's Palace, donated by Jose])h Milliank to the First Con- 
gregational Church. $400,000, and a number of other structures of modern 
design. 

In the way of educational facilities there are thirty-one ptiblic schools, 
ten Roman Catholic Parochial Schools, the High School, Hasbrouck Institute, 
'now part oi the High School system), St. Peter's College, St. .\loysius 
.\ca.demy and the German-American Sch(pol. 

For every 2,079 people in Jersey L'ity there is one church making a total 
of 122 houses of worship. 

These facts when correlated present a ])icture iif a thriving, up-to-date 
cit\ which contrasts oddl\- with the scenes that must liaAe prevailed less 
tlian a century ago when the associates jjrex'ailed on the legislature to pass 
a law keeping the streets clear of pigs, sheep, ducks and dogs. 

|erse\ City i-- the only city in lludson County (1914) operating under 
the Commission l''orm (jf (io\ernment. it ha\ing adopted the \\'alsli .\cl in 
'913. (ireat things ha\ e been jiredicled for Jersey C'it\- under this new form of 
government, and while it is hardh possible at this ^arlv da}' to claim that 
tangilde benefits ha\c been derixed, there has l)een a marked increase in the 
interest displayed Ijy all classes of citizens, in the city's welfare. The try-out 
of this new method (^f government will, however, be watched with great 
interest b\ the entire count\-. 




16 




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Trust 
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of 

New Jersey 

Hoboken 

N.J. 



First 

National 

Bank 

of 

Hoboken 

N. J. 




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18 



iSnlmkru 



ALTHOUGH Castle Point may have been seen by some of the early 
navigators who, it is claimed, entered the Hudson River during the 
sixteenth century, no record of it appears until the memorable voyage 
of Henry Hudson. After this daring navigator had ascended his river for 
one hundred and fifty miles, he returned toward its mouth, and, in consequence 
of an encounter with the Indians on Manhattan Island, anchored the Half 
Moon in Weehawken Cove, on October 2. 1609, where the serpentine rocks 
of the neighboring point made such an impression upon Robert Juet, the 
mate, that he says in his log: "Within a while after, we got downe two leagues 
beyond that place, and anchored in a Bay, cleere from all danger of them on 
the other sitle of the river, where we saw a good piece of ground : and hard 
by it there was a Clifie, that looked of the colour of white greene, as though 
it were either Copper, or Silver Myne; and I think it to be one of them, by 
the trees that grow upon it. For they are all burned, and the other places 
are greene as grasse." 

From that date Castle Point has occupied a place in history. 




EXTRANXE TO STE.AMSHIP PIERS, HOBOKEX, X. J. 



Origin of the Name " Hoboken." 

Hut long before Hudson's day, the island of which it formed a part, and 
which is now the city of Hoboken, was known to the aboriginal inhabitants 
of the country who, ev-en if they had no permanent settlement there, must 
have visited it frequently, for there they procured the stone from which they 
fashioned their pipe bowls. On this account they called the place " Hopoghan 
Hackingh," or " Land of the Tobacco Pipe." 

First Recorded Deed of the City. 

In the first recorded deed in the annals of Xew Xetherland. "the land 
called Hobocan Hackingh" is conveyed by its Indian owners, on July 12. 
T630, to the Director and Council of New Netherland, who were acting on 
behalf of Michael Pauw, Burgomaster of Amsterdam, Lord of Achtienhoven, 
and one of the members of the Dutch West India Company. Pauw also 

19 



acquired the other land on the west shore of the Hudson River and \ew 
York Bay from Weehawken to, and including-, Staten Island, and became the 
"patroon" of this region, which he named " Pavonia." As far as known. 
Pauw never came to America, and as the other members of the West India 
Company objected to his monopoly of the lands across the Hudson from 
Manhattan Island, he finally scild out his interest in Pavonia to the company 
in 1634 or 1635. 

Early Settlement. 

An agent of Pauw, named Cornelius \'an \'orst, settled at Ahasimus, in 
what is now Jersey City (where his descendants live to this day), and his 
son. Hendrick \'an Vorst, was probably the first white occupant of Hohoken, 
although he appears to have had only a farm there and no house, as he 
probably lived at his father's in Ahasimus. He returned to Holland in the 
summer of 1639 and there he died, and the next year Director-General Kieft. 
the governor of New Netherland. leased Hoboken to Aert Teunissen \'an 
Putten and agreed to build a small house there. \'an Putten improved the 
place, started farming, and erected a brew-house, but on the outbreak ril 
war with the Indians in 1643 ^^ was killed while on a trading expedition to 
.Sandv Hook, and his farm was laid desolate and all his buildings burned, 
exce])t the brewery, which was still standing in i'i49. 












LIM'I-.K lILlJ.siis slKlI 1 H(JL;(iKKX, .\. .1, 



In 1645, \'an Putlen's widow married Sybout Claesen, a carpenter in 
New Amsterdam, and they laid claim to Hoboken, but Governor Kieft did 
not allow their claim and leased the island to Dierck Claesen, from Bremen, 
who afterwards abandoned the place; so that at the end of the year 1649 it 
lay unoccupied. Nicholas X'arleth acquired an interest in Hoboken a few 
years later, and in 1663 he received a formal grant of the land from Governor 
Peter Stuyvesant, which was confirmed to him by Governor Carteret in 
1 668, after the English conquest. 

The Bayards Come Into Possession. 

Varleth, in 1665, had married Anna, the sister of Governor Stuyvesant 
and the wi(it)W of Samuel Bayard. On \'arleth's death, in 1675, his heirs 
succeeded to his estate, and from them the Hoboken property was acquired 

20 



l)y his step-son, Saniiu-1 llayard, Jr., in 1711. The latter's desceiKJanls cuii- 
tiiiued in possession of Hoboken until the Rcvolutionarv War, and im])roved 
the estate. In the time of WilHam Bayard the last of his immediate family 
to own Hoboken, his mansion stood on Castle Point, and near it were man'v 
farm buildings, while around were beautiful gardens, fine orchards, meadow's 
and other farm lands. It was said, "a better fishing place for catching .shad, 
etc., there is not on the .Xorth River, with plenty of oysters in the creek and 
before the door." In such a paradise Air. Bayard spent his summers and 
entertained with large h(isi)ilality. Among his guests were Mr. Quincy, of 
Massachu.setts, in 1773, and the tk-legates from that State to the Continental 
Congress, in 1775. 



Hoboken During the Revolutionary War. 

At the beginning of the Re\olution, William Bayard was (Hi the side of 
the colonies, and even served on a Committee of Fifty Whig sympathizers 
with Jay, Lewis and other patriots. But when the ISritish captured New 
York, in 1776, he thought that the American cause was a lost one, and went 
over to the British si.le, e\'en joining the King's army, in which he had the 
rank of colonel. His farm at "Hoebuck" was a prcv to both sides during the 




\IE\V (jF HL'1)Sii.\ --ikKKT .\.\l> PORTION OF STEVENS LAMl'US 

war. In 1778 some of the Light Horse of Washington's army raided the 
place and carried ofT a great number of cattle, and in .\ugust, 1780, it was 
completely laid waste and all the buildings burned, except a small one near 
the ferry, by a party of Americans. 

Hoboken came near seeing the capture of Benedict Arnold, for "Light 
Horse Harry" Lee, with three dragoons and three led horses, waited there 
many hours one autumn night in 1780, hoping that Sergeant John Champe 
would succeed in his bold plan of kidnapping the traitor in New York, and 
bringing him across the river, but owing to a sudden change of Arnold's 
headquarters the plan miscarried. 

As he had taken up arms against his country, Bayard's Hoboken estate 
was confiscated by the State of New Jersey, and at the close of the Revolution 
was ordered to be sold at public auction. Hearing of the proposed sale. 
General von Steuben, who did so much to drill the Revolutionary Army into 
shape and make it an effective fighting machine, wrote to Governor \\'illiani 

21 



Livingston, of New Jersey, and asked if lie might not buy the estate before 
it was auctioned ofT. for he had evidently taken a great fancv to it. In reply 
Livingston wrote him that, although he " scarcely knew a gentleman on the 
whole Continent whom our Assembly would take a greater pleasure in oblig- 
ing than Baron Steuben," yet the Assembly could not. without passing a new 
special law in his favor, withdraw the estate from public sale, and that this 
would establish a bad precedent and give rise to much jealousw Baron 
.Steuben's only course, then, would be to bu}- the propertv at the auction 
through an agent, if unable to attend himself. Governor Livingston then 
added this piece of friendly advice, which will be appreciated by all summer 
sojourners in Hfibnken : " But if you never were on the spot yourself in the 
months of julv. August and September, and I thought myself at liberty to 
obtru<le ni\- ad\ice upon you, I wuuld say that considering how often \iiu 




\'IE\\ UK HUDSUX COUXTV PARK. HOLIOKE.X. X. J. 



are exposed to loss of blood in the way <.)f your profession as a Soldier, 1 
would dissuade you from putting it in the power of the Mosquitoes at Hoe- 
buck to augment the effusion. fi>r never did I set foot on a place where that 
troublesome and venomous little \(ilatile. during those months, swarmed 
in greater abundance." 

In General von Steuben's answer to this epistle, he seems to feel hurt at 
the refusal of his request, and perhajis at the rather trifling tone of the 
Governor's letter, and, at any rate, he withdraws his ap])licatioii and appears 
to have made no further attempt to acquire Holmken, 

Purchased by Colonel John Stevens. 

The auction sale was held on March i6, 1784, and the ISayard e--tate was 
bought bv Colonel John Stevens for about $90,000. Colonel Stevens was 
born in 1749 and belonged to a family already distinguished in New Jersey. 
His grandfather had come to New York in the early part of the eighteenth 
century as a law officer of the Crown and had afterwards resided in Perth 
Ambov, at one time the leading town of East Jersey. His father became 
vice-president of the Council of New Jersey, president of the Council of East 
Jersey Properties, president of the New Jersey State Convention which ratified 
"the Constitution of the United States, and held various other positions of 
honor and dignitv, and he married Elizabeth Alexander, a sister of William 



Alexander, who laid claim to the Earldom of Sterling and was a fanniu< 
general in the Revolutionary Arm}-. Colonel John him.self was an officer in 
the same army, and was also treasurer of the State of New Jersey during 
the greater ])art of the war. 

The engineering achievements of Colonel John .Stevens and his son' 
iia\e been so often recounted that it is not necessary to enlarge upon tlnem here. 

Hoboken As a Pleasure Resort. 

.\s many as twent}' thousand people from New York would cross the 
ferry in a single day to spend a few hours on the Green, along the River Walk, 
and in the lilysian Fields. There were delightful occupations and entertain- 
ments for all ages and classes. Among the popular attractions were "aeria! 
ways," a circular railway, and a primitive form of Ferris wheel. Refresh- 
ments of all kinds were to be had at the "76 House," near the ferr\% (part of 
which was the only one of Colonel Bayard's buildings left after the confla- 
gration of 1780), at the "Colonade," a pavilion erected by Colonel Ste\-ens in 
the Elysian Fields in 1830, and at many other places. 

The visitor, on arriving by the ferry, would be landed at the foot of a 
little hill, on which stood the " 76 House," a little to the south of what is now 




ass. 



5 ■ " I- ... 




KEUFFEL & ESSER COMPANY. HOBOKEN. N. ]. 



Newark street, between Hudson and ^^'ashington streets. North of the "76 
House" was the beautiful lawn known as " The Green," which sloped from 
Washington street down to the river and was bounded on the north by First 
street. Here the visitor might spend his hours enjoying the pleasant scene 
or indulging in some of the many amusements which were all around for his 
entertainment, but if he desired to find a quieter spot or e.xplore the natural 
beauties of the place, there w^as a path, lined with fine old elms, which led 
toward Castle Point and then turned off to the shore, where it ran between 
the cliff's and the river's edge, and was known as the River Walk. Until north 
of the Point, it led into the Elysian Fields, where tall trees stood in a fine, 
park-like expanse which extended from the present location of Tenth street 
to the Cove at Fifteenth street, and from Willow avenue to the river. In 
the earlv part of the nineteenth century this part of Hoboken was known by 



llie less classical name of '' Turtle Crnve." for here the epicurean ineml)ers 
of the "Hoboken Turtle Clul)" assembled to enjoy their succulent dinners. 

Tust north of the spot v/here Castle Point projects farthest into the river 
is a hollow in the cliff, called Sybil's Cave, in which is a spring of water and 
which was one of the most popular resorts. This place gained great notoriety 
at the time of the mysterious death of Mary Rogers, the " beautiful cigar girl," 
.vhosc !)M(lv was found in the river near by. She had left her home in New 
York, where she was widely known and greatly admired, on a Sunday morn- 
ing and was not seen again by her family until her body was found 
days afterwards. The mystery of her murder, which caused the greatest 
sensation of the dav. was never completely solved, but her fate led Edgar 
Allan Poe to write the story of "The Mystery of Marie Roget," in which all 
the circumstances of Mary Rogers" death are minutely recounted, with the 
exception that the scenes a.re laid in i'ai-is instead of in New York and 
Hoboken. and the case is analyzed with ,1 mastery unecjualed by any of tlie 
modern writers of detective stories. 

A Proposed Public Park. 

Colonel Stevens did all in his piiwer to preserve the natural beauty of 
Hoboken and to add to its attractiveness, but he realized that with its near- 
ness to New York and its convenience for commerce, the inroads of business 
would, sooner or later, destroy its charms, unless the place could be reserved 





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HUUSUX COU.XTV l'.\KK, 1 H U'.i JKH.X. X. J. 



as a ])ublic park. He tlierefore drew up a scheme by which the City of New 
\'(irk was to acquire the shore front of Hoboken as" well as the ferry. It is 
diiubtful if this plan was published at the time. hwt. it is of interest in giving 
an insight in the character and amazing foresight of Colonel Ste\ens. 

Suggested as a Part of Nev/ York City. 

lie proposed that a number of paxilions should l)e erected, and that 
" every effort should he resorted to, to render them the most finished speci- 
mens of architectural beauty and elegance." He thought that nothing could 
iiave a more powerful tendency to ele\ate the mass of the people than the 
free intercourse of all classes amid such beautiful surroundings. He believed 
that the revenue from the ferries would increase enormously with the growth 
of New York, and make their acquisition a most profitable one for the city. 



-'4 



In case, however, the rMrijoratimi of New York is iinahle to supi)l\- the 
requisite capital at cmce, lie said that "two gentlemen of iindoulMed credit" 
(John Jacob Astor and Dr. David llosack) offer to finance the scheme. And 
he himself was willint;- to " sujjerintend g-ratis all operations necessarv for 
carryin^i' the C(intemi)lated iniprux enients into eftect." 

A Scheme Which Almost Altered Our History. 

( )ne niiire instance of Colonel John Ste\ens"s far-sighted genius must be 
cited: He drew up a |iroject for an elevated railway, to start from the Battery 
in New York. pa--s up (Ireenwich or AX'ashington street until opposite Holio- 
ken, when it was to turn and crciss the lludsnn ri\er to lliibuken, and cuntiinie 
over Bergen Hill to Little Falls on the Passaic river. Another account of 
".his project says that the railway was to go all the wav to Philadelphia and 
Washington. The Hudson ri\er bridge was to carry passengers and teams, 
as well as the railway, and was to serve also as an aqueduct to convey pure 
Jerse_\' v,ater to New ^'llrk. 

Development of the F~erry. 

A history (if Hoboken can scarcely be completely disassociated from 
the name nf .Stexens — to this family the city owes much. It was here on 
this ferr_\- in 1811, that John Stevens ran the first steam ferryboat, the 
Julianna, his o\vn invention, and the first steam ferryboat in the world. 
In Hl'int's Strangers' Ciuide to New York, 1817, we find this notice: 

TO HOBOKEN, 

"A steam ferry boat sails from the b'lttnm nf Murrax' street e\ erv half 
hour from sunrise to sunset, hare i shilling. 

'"Carriages from $1.00 to $1.50. 

'"A sail boat for the same place starts fmm the bdttom of Sprine Street 
Fare 12J2C. 

It is interesting to know that for some time these boats were run b}' the 
clock in the steeple of St. Paul's Church. In those days the ferry landing- 
was at \'esey street. In 1817 it was mo\-ed to IMurrav street, and in 1818 to 
Barclay street, its present site. 

John Stevens died in 1838 and was succeeded by his son, Robert L. 
Stevens, who was considered one of the greatest American engineers of his 
day. He not only built machinery for steamboats, Ijut modeled their hulls 
as well, and he succeeded in attaining unheard of speeds with them. He did 
not confine his attention to steamboats alone, but was most successful as a 
designer of yachts, and his masterpiece, the Maria, launched in 1843, at 
Hoboke'-,, was the fastest sailing craft afloat and could more than hold her 
own with most of the steam vessels oi her time. 

A Resort for Notable New Yorkers. 

John Jacol) .Vstnr. known as the richest American of his time, became a 
resident of Hoboken. taking up his abode in the Astor Villa, a building which 
still stands (though greatly altered) on the southwest corner of Washington 
and Second streets. He mingled freely vv'ith the throngs of pleasure seekers 
,vho frequented the "Green" and " River ^^'alk." 

William Cullen Bryant referred to this "River Walk" as one of the most 
beautiful in America. Here, too, came Madam Jumel, a noted figure of the 
early history of New York. Fitz-(jreene Malleck, the poet and wit, also 
spent much ni his time here. \\'ashington Irving and Martin \'an Buren. 



25 



too, often crossed on the ferry to visit their friend. Astor. at his palatial 
mansion on the " Green." 

The millionaire and his literary friend were often seen driving or walking 
in Hoboken, and they were both very popular in a score of Dutch homesteads 
about town. 

Not only to Halleck, Irving and Bryant ha\e the woods of Castle Point 
and the Elysian Fields furnished inspiration; but many of the actors and 
authors familiar to Old New York, could be seen dailv strolling along the 
river bank or in the syhan solitudes of Hi.'bnken's forest glades. 

The March of Commerce. 

But the perfection of the steam ferryboat, and the advent oi the steamship 
decided the future of Hoboken and slowly but surely its rural beauties disap- 
peared before the march of commerce. All that remains to us now of its 
former Ijeauty are the present grounds at Castle Point, most of which have 
been recentl}- acquired by Ste\'ens Institute and thus fortunately preserved 
to the generations of the future. < )n the "River Walk" if one cares to in- 
vestigate Sybil's Cave may still be seen, but access to it can be gained only 
by courtesy of the proprietor of the cafe which is built at the foot of the bluff 
— as the cave itself is entirely hidden by the Ituilding. It is used as a sort of 
wine cellar at present. 

( )n Bloomfield street, between Eleventh and Twelfth in the plot of ground 
owned by Mr. F. (i. Himpler, one may still see several large trees, the last of 
the wooded splendor of the Elysian Fields : "The picturesque village" on the 
banks of the Hudson opposite New York has given way to the "Mile Square 
Cit_\" that shelters 76,000 people of every known race and creed, and whose 
occu]jations are more diversified than in any city of America. 

'Jlie shore-front along which Hudson coasted in his little Half Moon 
three hundred and two vears ago, and which later witnessed the development 
of the steamboat, and still later, the speed contests between many of America's 
fleetest sailing yachts, is now the docking place for some of the largest steam- 
ships afloat — here, too. a large proportion of the merchandise which enters 
and leaves the port of New York is handled — while the great tide of travel 
ebbs and flows unceasingly. 

Our city is rich in memory anil tradition from Henry Hudson down, and 
it is associated closeh with the beginning and development of so much that 
has made America what it is to-day — the steamboat, the railroad, the iron- 
clad warship and the fleet pleasure yacht: such a cit}- should command a 
place in the affection of every inhabitant. 

Outline of Events. 

No less interesting is the history of the city's rapid growth in population 
and industries — though nothing more than a brief outline can be attempted 
here. 

Hoboken's existence as an incorporated city began on March 28, 1855; ^^ 
that time the population numbering 6,727 ; we celebrated our semi-centennial 
in 1905 with 65,468 population. After its creation as a city the events of 
importance might be set in order as follows — in 1855 the first stage route 
was established; in 1857 the first water mains were laid ; in 1858 School No. i 
w-as opened. 

The first vear of the Civil War saw horse cars on Washington street. In 
1862 Number 2 School was opened; in 1863 came the construction of the 
Erie Railroad, and the riots in connection therewith. The Haml)urg-American 
Line was also established here in the same year. In 1865 the establishment 



26 



of the First Natitinal Bank — in the early seventies, the opening of School No. 
3, and Stevens Institute — in the late seventies, the improvement of Hudson 
and Church S(|uarcs and the building of Xumher 4 School. 

In the eighties the ele\ator lift and elevated road were built to the Hill; 
the city fathers moved into the new City llall; then came the construction 
of the West Shore Railroad along the Hillside, the ojiening of the 14th Street 
Ferry, the organization of the .Second National P>;ink, and the o])ening of 
School No. 5. 

In the }ears between 1890 and 1000 we note the organization of the 
Hudson Trust, the building of School No. (,, the organization of the paid 
Fire Department, the construction of thr Hudson County Boulevard, the 
horse cars superseded ljy the trolley. No. 7 School dedicated, the Trust Com- 
pany f)f N. J. formed and the elevator lift at 19th street put in operation. 

The years from 1900 to the present time are marked by the establishment 
of the Hudson Trust, the inception of the Board of Trade, opening of School 
No. 8, the formation of the Jefferson Trust Co.. the completion of School No. 
9, the o]5ening of the Hudson Tunnels, the completion of the new ferry 
terminal and Lackawanna Station, the Hudson Fulton Celebration and the 
opening of the new High School, and but recently the completion of new 
.School No. I and the organization of the Columbia and Steneck Trust Com- 
panies and the erection of the Factory Terminal loft building, the tirst of a 
series of terminal factor}- buildings to be constructed in units and which when 
com])leted will enable the city of Hoboken to offer industrial adx'antages 
unequalled anywhere in the country. 



^7 



laijnmir 



-^^ AY( )XXI*-. originally itart of Bergon Township, was made an indepen- 
4|a dent numicipality by legislative enactment in 1857. Messrs. A. D. 
'^^ Mellick, Jacob A. \'an Horn, Jacob M. A'reeland, Hartman \"reeland 
and b'gbert Wauters were appointed to serve on the first cotiimission to 
survey and lay out streets and avenues. Then Bayonne occupied a strip of 
land extending from 30th Street to 38th Street and from New York Bay to 
Newark Bay. It was first designated as the Township of Bayonne. 

The name Bayonne was taken from the French city of the same name 
and was tmquestional)l_\- selected because of the situation nf the new munici- 
pality between two bays. 

For a considerable period of its liistor_\- Bayonne had to contend with 
.'^erious obstacles in the building up of its population. Up to the beginning 
of the Civil W'ar in 1861, it is doubtful whether there were more than four 
or five hundred people residing there. In 1870 the population was 3.834; in 



1880, 9.372 ; in \i 



13.006; 



in 1090, 19.033; HI 1900, 32.72J; ni 1905. 42.000; 



and 1910, 55,345. Even today Bayonne has not come into the full prosperity 
or populati\'e strength justified b}- her enviable natural advantages. The 
real growth of the city dates back to 1869 when it was chartered. 

On \'an Boskerck's Point, a strip of rolling land of sandy character with 
marshes intervening which jutted into New York Bay to the north of Con- 
stable Hook, was built the first house in Bayonne. It was the home of one 
branch of the \'an Boskerck famih- "who. generation after generation, tilled 
the soil as farmers, assisted by slave labor, and marketed their surplus pro- 
ducts at the growing city of New York." They made the trip in what was 
known as a "pieranza," a t_\i)e of boat somewhat similar to a schooner without 
jib or topsails. The old homestead remained in the \'an Boskerck famil\' 
until it and the land surrounding was purchased by the Standard Oil Company. 

Constable Hook, at the mouth of the Kill von Kull, and lying opposite 
New Brighton, S. I., was granted to Jacolison Roy. a gunner of Fort Amster- 
dam. It derived its name from the fact that Konstable was the title for 
gunner and Hocke meant Point — hence Constable Hook, or Gunner's Point. 
It contained about 300 acres and has since grown to be the nucleus of a 
thriving' cluster of oil and other industries. Roy received a patent for the 
lands in March, 1646, and in 1654 patents were issued for lands between 
(iemonepas and the Kilvankol. Within this grant was Pamrajio, then called 
Pcmrepogh. now a portion of the Third ward of Bavonne. 



Early Growth Retarded. 

As one monograph on the founding of Ba_\'onne says, "The early growth 
of the settlement" was much retarded by the unfriendly attitude of the In- 
dians who had liecn incensed l)y the treatment they had received from the 
Dutch at New Amsterdam. 




■L|^ 


JU^. 


^ 


^!i 


f .j/^ - 




mJtm 


atmktSk 




_ . 


-^-' 



"Tin.- liarlKirniis attacks iipnii the isolated farm liDUses scattered over 
this territory cumijelled the inhabitants to fl_\- for shelter to New Amsterdam, 
and their houses were burned and cattle driven oflf. For a number of years 
it was unsafe for them to return to their farms and rebuild — after the troul)les 
with the Indians had subsided, this section of the country became again 
inhabitated by the farm owners and by others who came with tluni. until 
clusters of houses, l)uilt near each other for mutual i)rciiection, fMvmeil tliem- 
selves into \-illages or hamlets, (iradually the Indian disaiii)eareil from this 
localilw withdrawing to the interior where he could not be molested b_\- the 
intrusi\e white. The forests were cleared and as farms were extended the 
population increased.'" 

Again in the "Cholera year" in the early 30's the populati.m was deci- 
mated. The contagion in this locality was explained by some as the result 
of the throwing overboard from ])lague stricken ships in tin- harbor, bedding 
or other articles which were carried into ihe shore l:i\- the tide. 

Bavonne was divided into four settlements, at this time, one at Bergen 
I'oint near the Staten Island ferry which was at fii"st propelled by horse 
power; another and possiblv the oldest settlement, at Constable Hook where 
about li\e or six families clustered: the third at Centreville where a numlier 
of houses were grouped around the country store, located near wdnat is now 
the corner of 22nd street and .\venue D or Broadway; and the fourth at 
Pamre])Ough. 

One of the features of the settlement at Constable Hook was the old 
tidal mill located on a tidal creek near the present site of the Oxford Copper 
Company's W'orks. Here w'ere ground the wheat, rye and buckwheat of 
the farms of Bergen Neck and Staten Island. It was known as Terhune's 
Mill. 

The first factory to be erected in this district was the Bergen Point 
Copper Company. i)rior to 1848 — "now." as due historian savs, "The whole 
Hook is covered with the tanks and stills of the Standard Oil Company." 

On Constable Hook in the earl}- days were gathered the farms of the 
\'reelands, \'a.n Buskirks and Terhunes. 

The earliest inhabitants subsisted at first In trading with the Indian-;, 
farming where lands could be easily cleared, and fishing and oystering- As 
the timber land was graduallv cleared awav agriculture became the staple 
industrv. the commons, or common land being turned over to the residents 
for cattle grazing purposes. 

Bayonne During the Revolution and the Civil War Periods. 

When -\dmiral Howe's fleet came to anchor oii:' the month of the Kill 
von Kull in the Revolution. Bayonne. or that district which is now Bayonne. 
liecame a stragetic point in the movements of the Colonial troops. General 
Mercer, fearing an attack from Staten Island, where the British troops had 
been landed from the warshijjs, placed a guard of 50Q men at Bergen Neck 
<<n Inlv 4, 1776. Later this force was augumented by part of the Pennsyl- 
vania militia. During some of the skirmishes that ensued it is supposed that 
the English troops managed to occupy Constable Hook. ^Vhen the British 
invested New York the Continental troops withdrew from this part of Jersey 
and the Tory and English troops succeeded them. Fort Delancey. on Bergen 
Neck was used as an outpost 1)\- the Tory forces. The fort was located 
according to one historian. "On the high ground near the old homestead of 
Hartman \'reeland about at 52nd street, west of Avenue C." This home- 
stead was torn down only a few years a,go. 



29 



Slavery existed among the more prominent families of the district for 
some time after 1800. A number of acts were then passed by the legislature 
penalizing slave holders and in 1846, it was abolished entirely. In 1790 
Bergen County, of which Hudson County was then a part, had 2300 slaves. 
In 1800 there were 12,500. This number was gradually reduced until in 1840 
there were only 674. Some of the descendants of these slaves still live in 
Bayonne. As they assumed the names of the families by whom they were 
held in manv cases, some of their ])rogeny still go by the name of \'an Horn 
and \'an Buskirk. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War the district contributed a company of 
militia to tlie Union forces. This was known as the "Close Light Guards." 
in honor of Joseph B. Close, a wealthy property owner who provided most 
of the money for the equipment. The captain was John J. \'an Btiskirk who 
was afterwards promoted to major. Under his command the contingent 
formed a part of the Second New Jersey \'olunteers and went to the front 
in April. 1861. 

The Development of a Great Manufacturing Centre. 

The de\elopments of Ba_\onne from a district of farms to its jiresont 
importance as a manufacturing centre is closely interwoven with the de- 
velopment of its roads and transportation facilities. The first road through 
Bergen Neck was located on the westerly side near Newark Bay and parallel 
thereto, west of what is now the Botilevard or Avenue A. In several places 
this road is still unobliterated. Then the Bergen Road was laid, which be- 
came afterwards the Plank Road, known as the Jersey City and Bergen Point 
Plank Road. Constructed by a stock compan\'. it continued a toll road until 
the incorporation of the citw 

The Kings Highway, from I'aulus Hoeck to Bergen Point, was laid out 
in 1764. This road became ])art of the stage route l)etween New York and 
Philadelphia. The means of conve}ance on this route was a covered Jerse\' 
wagon without s|)rings. In spite of its name, "The Flying Machine," it took 
three day^ to make the tri]i. 

The first means of con\-eyance between Bergen Point and Jcr>cy t'ity 
was a stage coach. The Bergen Road was laid in 1796. 

A steanilioat line, running to Newark was established about 1S40. l.alcr 
on other boats were run to Elizabethport, Perth .\mboy and .South Amboy. 
Before the construction of the Central Railroad from Elizabeth to Jersey 
City, a ferry was operated from Elizabethport to New York, affording the 
residents of the Bergen Point section comparati\ely quick transportation to 
New York. 

Until the construction of tlie "Dummy Railroad" b\- the Jersey City and 
Bergen Railroad Company, about i860, the only means of conveyance from 
Centreville to Jersey City was a local stage route established b}- Jacob 
Merseles and afterwards operated by George Anderson. The starting jioint 
of this route was the Mansion House, corner of the Hook Road and the 
I'lankroad. 

liayonne in the early days was a summer resort of some popularity. Ilere 
fashionable New Yorkers spent their week-ends and the Mansion House had 
its fill of i)atrons over Saturday night and Stmday. 

In i860 the Jersey City and Bergen Railroad began its operations. The 
original line ran from the Jersey City Ferry to Bergen Hill but branches to 
Pavonia Ferry and Bergen Point were added later. The cars used on this 
lolid were combination steam cars and locomotives. A train consisted of but 
one car, the forward part occupied by the steam engine and the rear part by 
*^he passenger compartment. 



30 



Ilaydunc enjoyctl its first real transportation facilities, however, with 
the l)uilding of the Central Railroad of New Jersey which first ran between 
Bayonne and Elizal)eth and other towns to the west. Now three railroad 
sy.stems, connecting Bayonne with every part of the country, operate within 
the limits of the city. I'hese are the New Jersey Central, the Pennsylvania 
and the I.cliigh X'allev. 

Another important link in the connection of P>ayonne with its neighhor- 
nig municipalities was the erection of the i)ri(lge between Bayonne and Eliza- 
hethj)ort across Newark Bay. The wurk was begun in i8fii and finished in 
1865 and cost $327,653. 

Today Bayonne's industries include the plants of the Standard Oil Com- 
l)any, the Tidewater Oil Company, Pacific Coast Borax Company, the Oxford 
Copper Com])any. the (ieneral Chemical Company, Babcock & Wilcox Co., 
Safet}- Insulated Wire and Cal)le Company, Reding Bayonne Steel Casting 
('ompan}-, Electric Launch Company and many other concerns whose names 
are known all over the country, together with scores of smaller manufacturing 
concerns. 

Nor is Bayonne lacking in the lianking facilities to meet the exacting 
demands of its industries. The banking institutions are well scattered so as 
to supply the needs of the various districts. The Mechanics Trust Compan}- 
and the Bayonne Trust Company are located at the southerly or Bergen 
Point end; the First National Bank, in the upper part of tlie cit}- at the corner 
of Thirty-third street and Broadway where it is comenient to the chief resi- 
dential section, and the City Bank, in tlie central district at Twenty-second 
street and Broadwav. 




3i 



J^orth iHuiiHmi 



«f> ISTCJRY always has its interesting side and sidelights. North Hudson 
IfH has manv pleasing things to mark its onward march since that da\' 
i when Henry Hudson's Half Moon anchored in the cove just below 
the projecting elevation of King's woods and nijrth of Hoboken. North 
Hudson's histor\' j)roperh' begins with the advent of the Half Moon in Wee- 
hawken Co\e, ancl with the townshiii begins in the proper way the story of 
the growth and development of the northern end r.f the county. 

Weehawken. 

\\ eehawken. known \"ariousl\ as W hehocken. \\ eehawk and W eehauk 
won a place in history as a famous duelling ground in which men of national 
fame took part. Halleck, the ]>oet, gave the town a place in literature when 
he sang of its beauties in the following language. 

"W eehawken. in tliy mountain scenery _\et, 

,\ll we adore of nature, in her wild 
And frolic hour of infanc} is met; 

.\nd ne\er has a suninier morn --nnlcd upon a holier scene. 

Tall spire and glittering roof and battlement. 

.\nd banners floating in the summer air. 
.\nd white sails o'er the calm blue waters bend 

(ireen isle and circling shore are blended there. 

In wild reality. When life i^ old 
.\nil many a scene forgot, the heain will In 'Id 
lis memory of thee." 

It was its duelling ground on the water front that ga\e to W eehawken 
an inien\ia.ble fame long before it became a town nf itself, and it was in Wee- 
hawken co\'e, just north of lloboken, where lleni'y Hudson cast anchor liefore 
sailing U]j the river that l)ears his name. A shurt distance nurth oi this 
anchorage was located the duelling gi'ound. This place could only be ap- 
]n-oached l)y boat from New York. 

The most famous duel ever fought at this historic spot was that on Jidy 
II, 1S04. between .\aron Burr and .\le.\ander Hamilton, in which the latter 
was killed and l!urr as a result was fm' years thereafter a wanderer on the 
face I if the earth, ha\-ing gone to luiroije. and spending the greater part ol 
his time in h'rance and l-Ingland. This was Burr's second duel at \\'eehawken. 
he having f(_)Ught a duel with I I ann'lti m's lirotlier-in-law . Mr. (luirch. 1 ni 
Scjjtember 2. 1799. 

( )n Novemlier Jj;, iSoi. .\le.\andei- llannllon's eldest son, I'hiiip ll.nnil 
Ion, was shot and killed at tlie W eehawki-n duelling ground by (ieorge 1. 
( iackei', a New \"ork Lawyer. ( )n the d:iv before, No\eni1>er 22. (lacker 
fought a duel at the same place with one Mr. Price, a companion of !'hili]i 
Hamilton's, so that it would seem that the spot was one of evil omen to the 
Hamilton faniilv. 

( )ther duels recordetl as having taken place in Weehawken between 
I)rominent public men of the time were as follows: John Langstaflf and < )liver 
Waldron, Jr., December 25, 1801 ; De\\'itt Clinton and John Swartout, Julv 



32 



_^l. iSoj; Rifliaiil Kiker ami Riihcrt Swartnut. .\'n\ i-nihiT _'l, iSi)^^; Is;uic 
(iouveriuiur and W . II. Maxwell, July in, 1S13; lU-njaniin I'liic ami Majnr 
(Ireeii, a British ariin 1 il'liccr. May i_'. iSid. 

Stejihen I'ricr, a hrntlier nf I!cnjaniiii. sonif time later merheariug 
Captain \\ils(in si)eak (lisi)araging]y of the Price-(ireen affair, challenged 
Wilson to ligiit at W'eehawken. Wilson was killed. 

The last famous duel of which there is record was f>iuglu ( )ctol)er ly, 
1835. between Henry Aitken ami Thomas Sherman. 

The Weehawkcn ferry started sometime before 1700, the exact date 
cannot be learned. 'i"he first record of the ferry is found on January 26. 1716. 
( )n March 15, 1859, the most famous section of North Hudson became a town- 
ship, and its growth in population, commercial and social importance has kept 
pace with its ra])id rise in the annals of local history. 

Guttenberg 

It liclioii\c(l the resiilcnt.s of the extreme northern end (if the C(iunt\' to 
get busy. They caught the spirit of the times. Home Rule in a modified form 
caught their fancy, and they, the few early settlers, decided that they could, 
run a full-sized town. The town was small in area but big in enthusiasm, and 
in 1859 it became a town in jiroper legal form, and toda\- it stands as in 
matter of seniority, the second town in North Hudson. .\ bustling, busy 
municipality, its progress has been great, its future bright enough to please 
tile grand chief of the optimist class. 

Born in Wein Stube. 

It was in 185 1, when New York City had a p<iinilati( m of 520.000, that 
a number of ( lerman-Americans who were in the habit of frequenting a 
w^ein stube in liie basement of a building on the Bowery near Stanton street, 
decided that the city was becoming too crowded for themselves and their 
families to live in comfort. Those good old German-Americans, most of them 
employed by the Hoe Companv at Grand street and East Broadway, New 
York, decided that they would seek more congenial surroundings. It was 
on Sunday afternoon in the early springtime that a few of the employees, 
among them John Pleikhardt, long a respected resident of Union Hill, hired 
r\ boat and crossed the Hudson. 

The visitors clambered as best they could to the top of the bluff and 
then before them stretched to the far west a beautiful ])lateau of farms and 
woodland. 

Here was the ideal home land for themselves and their families. Here 
should they, if possible, build their homes and raise their families far from 
the maddning crowd of that half million that crushed and crowded the city. 

A building and loan association was organized among the Hoe em- 
ployees in that Bowery wein stube, and thus Union Hill was born. The 
■last member of that association to pass away^ was Mr. Pliekhardt. 

( )n March 29, 1864, Union Hill became a town and for many years all its 
official business was transacted and the records were held in the (ierman 
language. It was only in the early '70's when the first horse cars began to 
run between the town and the ferries to New York. At that time all resi- 
dents of W^est New York and (luttenberg had an hour's travel afoot to get 
home after leaving the car. 



33 



North Bergen. 

Tlie parcel oi all the nuinicii)alities in Xorth Miulscm became itself a 
township on February lo, 1843, having been set off at that time from the 
township of Bergen, and was named the Township of North Bergen. In its 
early days the township included all of North Hudson and a great part of 
what today is Jersey City. Frcim time to time section after section seceded 
and formed independent towns until now the once far-spreading township is 
limited mainly to a long stretch cif land west of the Boulevard and extending 
from the Jersey City boundary line to Bergen County. 

New- Durham, one of the most populous sections of the township was 
up to 1803 known as the Maisland. and here was located "The Three 
Pigeons." a tavern known before the Revolution to many wayfarers and 
was a popular place of call among those who loved a spin behind fast trotters 
,'dong the country roads. .\nt)ther interesting place in the township was the 
once famous Frenchman's (iardens, located where Macphelah cemetery is 
today. .Andre Michau.x, who was a noted botanist, came to this countr_\' 
from his native France, bearing with him a letter of introduction from the 
-Marquis de La Fayette to George Washington. Michau.x sought the privi- 
lege of securing land wdiere he might plant and experiment with flowers and 
', rees. .\s an alien he was granted the right to have a tract of land not to 
exceed 200 acres. The western slope of the hill at Xew Durham attracted 
his attention and there he settled. It was from this spot that the Loml)ard 
lioplar trees spread all over this country. 

Today the townshi]) is one of the most prosperous in North Hudson; 
the meadow lands along the Hackensack valley have been largely filled in 
and manufacturing plants of many kinds are located there. It has time and 
again been suggested that the Hackensack river should be dredged to a 
sufficient depth to permit of its being made navigable for vessels in the coast 
and trans-Atlantic trade. .Should this be accomplished. North Bergen would 
become a great commercial and manufacturing centre. 

West Hoboken. 

It has long been the proud boast of the residents of this municipality 
that it is the biggest town in the United States. It became a township set 
off from North Bergen in 1861. and for many years it languished along as a 
little village with no great promise of a vigorous and rapid growth. The 
\illage was located in the vicinity of the Paterson Plankroad, and the few 
residents wdio settled in the northern end of the town had a long and dreary 
i\alk through farm and woodlands to go to the village. 

The United States go\-ernment used the commons in the centre of the 
town as a camping ground in the early years of the Civil War. and many 
\dlunteers were there given their first taste of military life. The woodlands 
in the northern end of the town for many years thereafter furnished good 
sport tor rabliit hunters who shouldered their guns and went after the 
wherewithal to provide themselves and their friends with hasenpfeft'er. There 
are many residents alive toda\- who went hunting in these woods as recently 
as the earlier jo's. .Many of the old homesteads stood in the midst of ex- 
tensive grounds up until the 8o's were well advanced. Open water courses 
were common features of the landscaiie. 

Late in the 8o"s there came a building boom, woods were cut down: 
farms were swept awa>- and homesteads gave way before the onward march 
of the awakened town. The commons were no more; streets were laid out 
and the village began to spread itself out northward. In 1868 an effort was 
made to have the town consolidate with and become a part of Jersey City. 



34 



This prnixisitiiin was siiliniittc<l to tin- voters (it W r^i I I. iIm (kt-ii. and lliey 
defeated the plan. In 1SS4 tlic idwnsliip form of sj-ovc-rnnifut came to an 
end and West llohoken l)eL'anie incorporated as a town. In the early days 
as a township the governing body consisting of three nicinlicrs met at their 
homes and later in a hotel on Palisade a\enue. The first town hall was a 
small frame structure scarcely large enough to scat comfortably a dozen 
persons. 

Today the town is u]) to date in e\er_\- respect, ll has first class schools. 
efficient police and fire dejjartments. The streets are all paved and the sewer 
system is one that will be able to meet the needs of the town for many 
years to come. 

West New York. 

Happy is the town whose history is short, is a sa_\ing that very aptly 
applies to this town. ()nl\ within the past i&w years has West New ^'ork 
bestirred itself and began to make its own history. In these modern da\s the 
builder and real estate men are hustling, and as a result of their actixities 
the town is now rapidly taking its place as one of the most up-to-date mu- 
nicipalities in North Hudson. 

There was a time when instead of the hum of the loom and the steady 
rattle of machinery in all kinds of factories, there was only to be heard the 
tap of the blockmaker's hammer. Within the past ten years the fields were 
laid out in blocks, streets were made and paved, and then came the builder. 
The town fathers went slow and noted the mistakes of their neighboring 
towns. In this vva\- they avoided the undesirable things and took advantage 
of the good things made and done. 

\\'est New York has grown more rapidl\' in the past five years than any 
other town in the northern end of the county. Buildings are going up as if 
by magic, and the growth of population is keeping pace with the provision 
made for them. As a manufacturing centre it is fast coming to the front. 



The foregoing is necessarily a brief outline of the beginnings of the 
several towns in North Hudson. .As may be noted, the entire northern end 
of the countv began as one town and now a new page of history is about to 
be written. For some time there has been a movement on foot to bring 
North Hudson back to the point where it began, and make the northern end 
of the county one city. This movement began about half a century after the 
process of breaking u]5 into small towns took form. \\'ith consolidation will 
come the oiiening chapter of the real history of this section of the county. 



H. MACPHERSON. 




35 



MM lit, I, , Miji 1 iiiiMWf r, ,,,,y,i,,> irnvj-iwrvrrvjuivmnnti ■». 





V V ■' I J ■ ■ / f » » ■ J > I r > . . » I f « J > I 1 I » J I I I I I t « I I I >» I a I n > ifi 1-^ 



IGam 



^^ HE importance nf the pmper administration of justice has l^een recognized 
l|L from the earHest times. When our forefathers adopted our constitu- 
^^ tion. they made the judicial department one of the three great branches 
of otir government. The same is true of the organization of our own state. 
There is no doubt but that some of the early decisions of the Supreme Court 
of the United States did much to inspire public confidence and to insure the 
perpetuity of our nation. The names of the great jurists who contributed to 
these decisions are found high upon our countr3's roll of hone jr. Xot with- 
standing some criticisms that have been made from time to time, the courts 
are looked upon as the great bulwark of protection to the mass of our citizens. 
Here the oppressed can come for relief ; here those who have wrongs to right 
can come for redress ; here all alike can look for protection against robbery 
and arson and for protection against those who would violate the sanctity of 
their homes or do injury to their property or person. 

.\ sacred duty rests upon those who have in their keeping the adminis- 
tration of justice, whether they sit as judges upon the liench or appear as 
c<iimsel to explain the law and assist these judges in the due administration 
of justice. It should be considered an honor to appear in either of these 
capacities ; and those who do so should have due appreciation of their re- 
sponsibilit)' and act with the determination that through no act of theirs 
shall the just opinion of our courts be lowered or justice be betrayed. 

The members of the bar of this county have been leaders, too, in other 
walks of life. They have adorned literature with the products of their pen. 
They have been in the vanguard of those whose voices have been raised on 
the public platform in condemnation of wrong and in pioneering these great 
reforms that have contributed from time to time to our advancement and 
betterment. In times of peace they have served our state and nation from 
the more humble capacities to the greatest office that our people can give. 

JOHN D. PIERSON. 



36 



3inlni i. J^irrami. 




i 



i)H\' D. PIERSON, lawyer, at 95 
River Street, Hoboken, was born 
near Johnsoiibiirs:. \\ arren County, 
X. J.. Januar\- 30. 1871. His parents were 
John \\\ and Eunice E. Pierson. He was 
educated in the public schools of \\'arren 
lounty and prepared for college at Blair 
Academy, graduating at the head of 
his class as valedictorian. He entered 
Lafayette College, graduating with honor, 
again being valedictorian. While at college 
he secured several prizes in scholarship and 
oratory and was elected a member of the 
honorary Phi Beta Kappa. 

Leaving college he taught for three 
\ears, one in the historic Cumberland 
N'alley, Pennsylvania, and two in the 
Washington, N. J.. High School. He 
then took up the study of law with Judge 
( leorge M. Shipman at Belvidere. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1900 and sub- 
^-equentlv graduated from the Xew York Law School. He has practiced in 
Hoboken ever since. 

He has alwavs been active as a Republican and has stumped in various 
campaigns. He was prominent in the first fight for commission government 
:n Hoboken and helped in preparing the proposed new- charter for that city. 
He was one of the first to agitate a public playground for Hoboken and 
through his talks before societies and clubs helped arouse the sentiment re- 
sponsible for the purchase of St. George cricket grounds as a county park. 

Mr. Pierson is a past master of Masons, a past noble grand of Odd Fellows, 
a member of the Encampment and Rebekah Lodge of (Jdd F"ellows. elder of 
the First Presb\terian Church ami superintendent of the Bethesda Sunday 
.School. 




37 



ainlni AUirrt Hair 



'J/ UH\ ALBERT BLAIR, 

•JJ for fifteen years judge 
of the Court of Coni- 
iiinn I'leas. General Quarter 
Sessions, and Orphans' Court 
of the County of Hudson, was 
liorn near Blairstown. X. J., 
July 8. 1842, his parents i^e- 
insj John H. B air and -Mary 
(Angle) I '.lair, of Knowlton 
Township. ]\\arit'it County. 
X. J. His ancestors sprang 
from the n(.)ted Blair family 
nf Blair-Athul. Perthshire, 
Scotland, whence thev came 
to this countr\- in 1720. 
settling in Pennsyhania and 
Xew Jerscw 

Among then were broth- 
ers. .Sani'.iel and John Blair. 
1:otli of whom were edu- 
cated at the I-Og College of 
the Xeshaminy under the 
celebrated ^^'illiam Tennant. 
They became distinguished 
ministers of the l'resb\ terian 
church. 

Rev. Samuel Blair, the 
second, declined the presi- 
<1enc\- of the College of Xew Jersey (Princeton) which was offered him. The 
Rev. John Blair was ordained pastor of Big Spring. Middle Spring and Rocky- 
Spring in the Cumberland \'alley in 1742. In 1767 he became professor of 
divinity and moral i)hilosophy at Princeton and was acting president of the 
i-ollege until the accession of Dr. W'itherspoon in 1769. He died in 1771. 

While this branch of the family was devoting its work to t'.ie niinistr\- and 
the dissemination of knowledge, another was moldiiig the conuiierce which lias 
since become one of the mainstays of the State of Xew Jersey. In the latter 
part of the eighteenth century another .Samuel Blair was sent by a Philadelphia 
firm to take charge of the iron industry at O.xford Furnace in WaiTen County, 
N. J. This Samuel Blair was the great-great-grandfather of Judge John A. Blair. 
Judge Pdair's rudimentary education was obtained in the public schools of 
his native place and he prepared for college at the Blairstown Presbyterian 
-Kcademy. He entered the College of Xew Jersey at Princeton and graduated 
in 1866. At the close of his college term he be.gan the study of law with Hon. 
J. Ci. .Shipman at Belvidere. X'. J. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney 
in June. iSl'ig, and as counsellor in June. 1872. In 1870 he came to Jersey 
Cit\'. where he has ever since resided, and took up the practice of his profession. 
( )n the ])assagc of the law creating district courts in Jersey City 
Bennington I'. Randolph and John A. Blair were appointed the first judges 
thereof. In May. 1885. Mr. Blair became corjjoration counsel of Jerse}- City. 
He resigned in 1889. He was reappointed in 1894 and served until 1898. 
when he resigned to accept the aiJpointment to the Common Pleas Court. 

Judge Blair, until his accession to the bench, was an active Republican, 
He attends the Presbyterian Church, is a member of the Union League Clul), 
the University Club and the Princeton Club, all of Hudson County. He is a 
('irector of the Hudson C'nunt\' .\atit)nal Bank, 




38 



Inbrrt dareu 




l^ 



1S72. 



( )|',I''.R'I" L'AR1•:^■, jud^re of the Court 
of (1 minion Pleas, i9oS-i(ji3, was 
l)orn in Jersey City, Septemlier 16, 
His parents were Thomas and liUza- 
lietli Care}'. Since entering ])ul)lic life he 
li.is advanced in the esteem and councils 
(it the men looking for municipal and state 
l)c;terment and purity in politics. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of Jersey City, 
lie was graduated from tlie New York Law 
School in 1893, admitted to the bar in New 
Jersey in 1893, to the bar in New York in 
i()o8, and to practice in iall the I'nited 
States courts. 

His ])olitical activities have been Re- 
publican. He was corporation aftorney of 
Jersev C^ity, 1903- 1908; member of the 
State I'loard of Taxation, 1908: judge of 
the Hudson Court of Common Pleas as be- 
fore stated ; defeated as a candidate at the 
Repulilican gubernatorial primary in 1913, 
and was defeated for Congress in 191 j in a strong democratic district by only 
three hundred votes. 

In sociological and chariiable work he is prominent, being a trustee of 
Christ Hospital, the German Hospital Association, Home of the Holtieless, tiie 
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, and the Jersey City Fresh 
Air fund. Socially he is affiliated with the Jersey City Club, the Carteret Club, 
etc., and fraternally he is a Mason and an Arcanian. 

As an orator his services are much in demand. He has stumped the State 
in the Republican campaigns of the past twenty years and has lectured in New 
Jersev, N-ew York, Pennsyh-ania and the Eastern states on "Municipal Govern- 
ment" and "The Criminal Courts." 




39 



tUiam 1^. ^pnv 



JEW men on the bench ha\-e Jjeen more in public life than Judge William 
H. Speer of the Circuit Court in Hudson County. His legal training 
has been such that he is particularly fitted to occupy a position of this 
kind, he having much experience in practice, both as a private lawyer and 
as Prosecutor of the Pleas. 

judge Speer was born in Jersey City, October 21, 1868. He was educated 
in llasbrouck Institute in Jersey City and at Columbia University in New 
York City. He studied law at Columbia University Law School and the 
office of lohn Linn in Jersey City. At the Noveml)er term, 1891, he was 
admitted to the l)ar of New Jersey and was made a counselor-at-la\v in 
June, 1895. 

After being admitted tu the bar. Judge Speer became a member of the 
law firm of Linn & Speer, his partner being Clarence Linn, a son of John 
Linn, with whom the judge had previously studied. This ])artnership was 
continued for a number of years. The firm was well known and reputable 
and it enjoyed a lucrative practice. 

Among his fellow members of the Hudson County bar Judge Speer has 
always been popular. He was twice elected vice-president of the Hudson 
County Bar Association. He was president of the association in 1903 and 
his administration of the office was such that it is still fa\'orably commented 
upon among the members. 

On February 8, 1903, Mr. Speer was first appointed Prosecute ir of the 
Pleas bv Governor Franklin Murphy. He was confirmed as such b_\' the 
State Senate, duly qualified for the office and held the position with honor 
to himself and profit for the people until 1907, when he was appointed by 
(jovernor Edward C. Stokes to the Circuit Court bench to succeed Judge 
Charles W. Parker, who had been promoted to the Supreme Court. This 
appointment was made to fill an unexpired term, but in 1908, Governor 
Fort appointed him for a full term and he ^till occupies the honorable position 
in the judiciary of Hudson County. 

ludge .Speer, to the time of his appointment to the l)ench, was \erv 
active in politics. He was and is an ardent Republican. Before his appoint 
ment he was much sought as a speaker during the stirring campaigns of 
former davs. Since his appointment he has naturally not been so prominent 
in politics, he believing that jiolitics and the l)ench should be separated as 
much as possible. This does not mean that he does not take a keen interest 
in the welfare of his part}-, but that he does not allow that interest to preju- 
dice his judicial position. 

At the time of his appointment as judge he was the senior member of 
the firm of Speer & Kellogg, his partner being Frederick S. Kellogg, also 
well known to the bench and bar as an U])right lawyer. Judge Speer"s circuit 
includes Hudson County. His term will expire in 1915- 

Although occupying a judicial position, the fudge is fond of golfing, 
automobiling and other open air pastimes. He is said to be an expert golfer 
and is often seen on the links when the pressure of business in his court will 
permit him that pleasure. He and former Judge Cary are often op|)onents 
at golfing and it is said to be nip and tuck between them. 



40 



l^mrt p. OSantau 



A.\[().\(l tlic lawyers nf lliulsdii I'nunty fi)rcnuisl in their profession is 
I'icrrc I '. ( iar\an, of liayonne. wiili ottices at 3<S6 Newark avenui', 
Jersey City. .Mr. (iar\an is a comparatively young man, liaving 
scarcely reached middle age, hut he has heen very successful in the practice 
of his profession and is counted among the solid men of liie legal fraternity, 

IMerre P. Ciarvan is a native of lludson Comity, lie has li\ed here all 
his life, lie \va^ horn in liayonne. June 9, iX/j. his parents heing James and 
l'"mma (iar\-an. among the highly respected residents of the .South lltulson 
cit\. lie acipiireil his early education in the scht)ols of his native city, heing 
a graduate of the Bayonne High school. 

From the first his education in law has heen auspicious. lie stiidied 
in the offices of the Central Railroad of New Jersey and took his tlegree at 
the New York Law .School. ( )n .\pril, 1898, he was admitted to the New 
Jersey bar as an attorney, ami in l'\'hruary, 1901, as a counselor-at-law. 

Air, Garvan is well studied on corporation law and that is his fa\'orite 
practice. He is attorne}- for the .Standard < Ml Conipanx- of .\e\\ lersev. for 
the \'acuum Oil Company, the Cirasselli Chemical Compan\- and several other 
of the largest corporations of the United States. 

In his home city he is regarded as a substantial, solid citizen. He is 
president of the City Bank of Bayonne and is a director in a large number of 
corporations cif which he is a stockholder. These corporations are so num- 
erous that he thinks it worth while not to detail them. None, however, are 
of the nationally important type. 

Politically Mr. (jarvan is a Republican. He has been signally honored 
by his party in being twice elected mayor of his home city, in 1905 and 1907, 
after having been defeated when he first ran for the office in 1903. It speaks 
well for his popularit}- when it is known that he received an increased vote 
and majority at each of the elections. In 1908 he was appointed Prosecutor 
of the Pleas by Governor Fort, an office he held with honor until his term 
expired in February, 1914. While prosecutor he was called upon to inves- 
tigate the beef trust, cold storage trust and county affairs. 

He is a member of the Newark Bay Club and numerous other clubs and 
organizations, political and social. Fraternally he is a Mason, in which fra- 
ternity he has gone the route and is a member of Salaam Temple, Ancient 
.Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Newark, His home is modestly 
appointed residence at 65 ^^'est Fourth street, Bayonne. He owns considerable 
property in Ba_\-onne and elsewhere and is considered as well-to-do. 

Mr. (larvan goes in a good deal for athletic sports. He is fond of hase- 
l)all, football and anything of an athletic nature, barring golf. He can't see 
the fun of a big man walking across field and hill aud dale on a hot day, 
pegging away with a big-headed stick against a ball which at times seems 
smaller than a pea. 

^^'ith all his legal, financial and sporting activities, Mr. Garvan finds time 
to be a congenial companion, a home loving and lovable man, a citizen active 
in affairs for the betterment of his home city and county, and an altogether 
useful citizen. Mucli of the progress of Bayonne is due to his activities along 
the lines of development and progress. He moves in good social circles 
and is admired and liked by no end of acquaintances. He alwavs has a heart v 
hand shake for a friend and \\,is ne\er known to repudiate an agreement of 
an\' kind. 



41 



Hlnlnt 31. UlantrU 



2» M(JXCj the more pruniiiient, able and busy lawyers of Hudson County 
7\ is |ohn J. Marnell, wlin for nearly twenty years passed has success- 
■^^ fuliv practiced law. with a constantly growings clientele, in the Second 
National Bank building in Hoboken. He is acknowledged by bench and bar 
as an able practitioner and his advice is often sought by influential clients. 
To a large extent his is wiiat is known as an "office business." 

Mr. Marnell was admitted to the New Jersey bar in June. 1895. He 
immediately established his office in its ])resent location and has continued 
there throughout his entire legal career td the present time. The character- 
istics of the man and his work may best be shown in his reply regarding 
queries concerning his career. "Just say I am a busy lawyer." he says, "and 
let that suffice." 

Friends and clients, however, are inclined t<i ^ay mure of him. He is 
well read and studious. He keeps in touch with the technicalities of and 
decisions in cases which affect a general legal practice. He takes pride in 
his profession and regards it as something higher than a mere means of 
making a living. While standing well in his profession, he is not austere. He 
is a good friend and congenial companion to those he likes. To possess his 
friendship is regarded b\' man\' as being akin to honor. He has served in the 
Assemljh' at Trenton. 

Mr. Marnell does not court pandering publicit}-. Neither does he want 
the praise which expresses itself in platitudes. He would rather be called 
"a good lawyer than a good fellow." In an unostentatious and dignified 
way he impresses one as being a man who believes his profession should not 
be dishonored by questionable methods, even when these methods might lead 
to more material success. 



3Iobn iJItltnn 

-^/(JHX M1J-T()X, now corporation counsel of Jersey City, is one of the 
41 best known of the legal lights in Hudson County. He personall}' is 
^^ modest regarding himself and his attainments and it was with difficulty 
that the data necessary for this article was obtained. Mr. Milton was born 
in Jersey Citv, January 21. 1881. his parents being Charles J. and Catherine 
Milton. He has lived in Jersey City all his life. He received his earlier 
education in Jersey City, attained his knowledge of the law there and was 
admtted to the New Jersey bar and immediately settled down to the practice 
of his profession there. 

From earlv manhood Mr. Milton always took an active interest in 
municipal questions, especially those concerning his own particular neigh- 
borhood. He fought hard to have the smoke nuisance of the railroads 
running through the "Hor.seshoe" section of Jersey City eliminated and suc- 
ceeded in having this done to an appreciable extent. Mr. Milton has the 
bulldog tenacity to keep eternally at a thing when he knows he is right, and 
it is this characteristic, coupled with the name he has made for himself, and 
the general esteem in which he is held that found him his position as corpora- 
tion counsel, his being truly a case of the office seeking the man, rather than 
the man seeking the office. 

Mr. Milton's practice has always been of the highest order and he is 
regarded as an authority on civil and municipal law, as well as on state and 
federal legal matters. He is still a young man and has a splendid career before 
him, for he is able as a practitioner, is conscientious in his work and is a 
slave to no habit. 



42 



31. lEmtl lHalarbriri 



/C|Y • 'LjN^ELLOR J. F.iiiil Walscheid was horn December 23. 187J. in the 
l| I house at 309 Fultcm street. Union Mill, now oecupiert by his brother, 
^"^ Dr. Arthur Walscheid. His parents were (lerman citizens, but his 
father had Ijeeome a naturalized American citizen in 1844. The counsellor 
has made the town of his birth the scene of his life work and he has achieved 
a success and po])ularity because of his sterling citizenship and services t(j 
his friends and neighbors, lie enjoys a large practice and is concededly one 
of the leading lights of the Hudson County bar. His offices are located in 
the Harvard building at 25 I'.ergenline avenue. He lives in Highwood Park. 

Coimsellor Walscheid recei\ed his preliminary education at the Hoboken 
Academy. U])on his graduati(.)n from that institution he expressed a desire 
to stud\- for the law. His father, who was bent upon his son learning a trade, 
would not hear to tliis expression and so young Walscheid determined to 
learn the silk business, entering the em])loy of the Phoenix Manufacturing 
Company as an apprentice. At that time the company was one of the largest 
and most successful manufacturers of silk in the countr\ . with plants at 
Paterson, Allentown, Bethlehem and other eastern towns. He took up the 
study of this trade in the Allentown pl.int in 1889. He spent two years in 
the mills, beginning in the spinning department and going through the various 
stages of silk production until he reached the designing room. Whatever he 
did he did well and he became a silk designer of no mean ability. 

But all this time his ambition to become a lawyer remained. He im- 
portuned his father to allow him to begin the study of his chosen profession. 
Finding his son in earnest in the matter, the elder Walscheid relented and 
consented to his becoming a law student. The younger Walscheid entered 
the New York University Law School, from which he graduated in 1896 in 
the academic class. To complete his law course at the same time he doubled 
his studies and took both the academic and law courses at once. He took 
the lectures in the academic course in the morning, in the law course in the 
afternoon, and devoted the evening of each day to study. 

In the same year he was admitted to the New- Jersey bar, having pre- 
viously secured his legal apprenticeship in the offices of Page & Taft, counsel 
to the New York, New Haven and Hartford railroad, and with the firm of 
Randolph, Condit & Black of Jersey City. He then opened an office for the 
practice of his profession in Unii^n Hill, where he enjovs a large and lucrative 
clientele, which is constantly increasing. 

In politics ^^'alscheid is a democrat. He served in the State Assembly 
with honor in 1899 and 1900. At the time he was president of the Third Ward 
Democratic club of Union Hill and a member of the executi\e committee of 
the Democratic central organization. He did not again seek office until 1912, 
when he was a candidate for Congressman, but was beaten after a hard-foughr 
three-cornered l)attle for the nomination. 




4.1 



ilultus |[iirl)tnt5triu 



/^rfULIUS LICPITENSTEIN. of the firm of W'cller & Lichtenstein, lawyers, 
^1 of Holj'-'ken. has during the years of his association witli Mr. \\'eller 
^^ and of his own career in the legal professi(_)n, gained a large acquaintance 
and a splendid clientele among the leading men of his city, the county and 
the state. There is no member of the bar in Hudson county more generally 
respected by the bench and his fellow members of the legal fraternity than 
Mr. Lichtenstein. He is recognized as having a mind especially trained for 
legal matters, has a retentive memory, and is one of those legal lights, whose 
acumen and handv reference knowledge of the law has brought him tri the 
front. 

j\Ir. Lichtenstein is a familiar figure in the courts of the city and county, 
for he has a large clientele which brings him almost constantly in one court 
or another when they are in session. 

His practice covers all branches of the law, civil and criminal. He is 
efficient in all, ready to quote decisions in complicated cases, and wins a 
splendidlv large perentage of his cases. His clients have learned to rely 
upon him. Tliev know that if a case has any merits, no point of it will be 
missed bv Mr. Lichtenstein. J-le is quick at retort, convincing in his argu- 
ments before a jury, although quiet in his oratory, if such it may be called, 
a skilled cross examiner and quickly gets at the truth of matters if he sus- 
pects a witness is not telling the truth. It is these qualities which ha\e made 
Mr. Lichtenstein's reputation as a reliable attorney and counsellor, and built 
up a great deal of the remunerative practice enjoyed by the firm with which 
he is associated. 



»i UUN H. SHERn)AN is a Holjoken lawyer whu has been since his ad- 
^1 mission to the bar a credit to the city ami to tiie profession he repre- 
^-^ sents. Mr. Sheridan has a select list of clients, which is constantly 
growing, because in him those who are careful in legal matters recognize a 
man who will look after their interests as closely as he would after his own. 

Mr. Sheridan cannot be said to be a progressive lawyer. On the other 
hand, he is a lawyer of the old school, a lawyer who lives and breathes and 
feels deeply the trusts which are imposed in him by his clients. There is 
nothing of the spectacular about him. none of the tlainbuoyancy which marks 
so manv of the profession today. 

-Mr. -Sheridan oljtained liis degree and passed his examinations after long, 
arduous and conscientitius study. This characteristic marks the handling of 
tlie affairs of his clients. He studies the aflfairs of his clients and knows 
them to such a nicety that he really puts himself in the place of his clients 
when hjoking after their interests. 

He has not a long string of legal triumphs to add to his fame — nor does 
he want it. Neither does he need it. He is of the type of man who inspires 
confidence, and it is Init a just tribute to him to say that such confidence is 
not misplaced, liis makeup is such that he could not willingly inider any 
circumstances neglect the business affairs entrusted to him. 

Mr. Sheridan is not a man who is looking for plaudits or for preferment. 
He would rather have it said of him that he looked well after the interests of 
those with whom he has dealings as a legal adviser than that he was a 
brilliant advocate. He has no patience with the man who is made up of 
superficiality. He is by no means a crank, but he is an able exponent of the 
law and as such is highly respected by the bench, the bar and the public 
generally with whom he comes in contact. 



44 



Natlmu ii. 5lnt^^^uliit 



A.\|( >\'(i llu' alili' \(iun,mT la\\\crs df iludsdii (.Hiintx- is Xallian II. IV-ii- 
dergast. wlm lias offices in tin.- Si)ini^ani lliiildnii;-. ()(>^ Newark AxciuU'. 
Five CoiiK-is. jt'i'scy Cily. 

He was born in jersey City in the \ ear \Xj() and reeeixed his early edn- 
cation in the public schools and High School of that city. He also attended 
C'enteiiarx Collegiate Institute, at Hackettstovvn, New Jersey, and after leav- 
ing there, studied medicine at Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York, 
but gave this up for the law, feeling that in this he had his chosen profession. 
He was admitted to the Bar of New Jerse\- as an Attorney-at- Law in the 
\ear 1902 and as a Counselor-at-Law in the _\ear 1910; he is also a Master 
in Chancery of New Jersey and Special Master in Chancery of New Jersey, 
and also counsel to the Hudson County Board of Idealth and \'ital Statistics. 
Since his admission he has practiced law in jersey City, and has made rapid 
.Urides in his profession and today enjoys a large clientele. 

.Although his practice is general and matters of e\-ery nature are ha.ndled 
by him, there is probaljly no lawyer in the county who is more conscientious 
al)out the merits of the case he undertakes than is Mr. Pendergast. He has 
a slight preference for the criminal law practice. He is well read and dignified 
in his profession, is self-confident and reliant and is possessed of a nature 
which draws men to him; and his clients have learned to have confiderice in 
him, and he has earned for himself a reputation of being truly an adviser. 
He believes that his own interests will not suffer by giving the best that is 
in him to the interests of his clients. He has won his legal spurs purely 
I)ecause of his legal ability ; he has asked no favors of anyone and has ad- 
vanced himself by his own personal efforts. 

These qualities are fast pushing Mr. Pendergast to the front in his pro- 
fession, and he is already a. favorite with the bench and Ijar. 

Fraternally, Mr. Pendergast is well known. He is a member of several 
lodges and clubs, including the Masonic order, l)eing a member of Eagle 
Lodge of Masons, one of the most conservative lodges of the Masonic order 
in the entire county. 

During his many years of court house association, before and after his 
admission to the bar, he has made many acc|uaintanccs and numbers ameingst 
his friends some of the foremost and influential men of the city and county, 
and is equally well known in other parts of the State. 




45 



^amitrl AuBttit Srason 



.^^ 



^ 




^A.MflCL AL'STIX BPISSOX, of Ho- 
^M boken, respected as a lawyer in crim- 
'^ inal, civil state and federal courts, 
and whose conduct of cases has blazed the 
\va\- for the construction of law in man\- 
important matters, was born on April 6, 
1S53. at Elverittstown, Hunterdon County, 
X . J. I lis parents were William Besson 
and Margaret A. Besson. He is a lineal 
ilescendent of I'rancis Besson, a French 
llugenot, who settled in this country prior 
til 17,^0. His great grandfather. John 
liesson, was an ensign in Washington's 
army. He was educated in the public 
sch(Hil> at Everittstown. at the Carvers- 
\ille Normal School in Bucks Comity, Pa., 
and Lafayette College, Easton. Pa., from 
which he was graduated in iSjfi with the 
degree of .-\. 15. 

He was principal (jf the h'ranklin High 
School, Franklin, Pa., for one year, and 
afterward principal of the I'hillipshurg High School in New Jersey. In 1875 
he began the stud} of law and was admitted to the New Jersey Bar in June. 
1879, as an attorney and in June, 1S82, as a counselor. He has been corpora- 
tion counsel for his city under a Republican administration, among the most im- 
portant cases being those regarding water front titles, in whom many dis- 
tinguished corjjuration lawyers appeared. He is one of the managers of the 
Hoboken Bank for Savings, one of the originators and first trustees of the 
Columbia Club, a member of Euclid Lodge of Masons and a past grand of 
Columbia Lodge of ( )dd Fellows. He was in 1889 president of the Hudson 
Countv Bar Association and is a ruling elder of the First Presb}-terian 
Churcli, and a United States Commissioner. 

His home is modest, his tastes are for literature and law and he is broad- 
minded. He is greatlv liked 1)\- a large circle of loval friends. 




46 



iStrbarii 6>triTpuB 




N' 



'( ) \\ ( )kl\ (i| tills kinil would lie com- 
))k-ti.' witliout a iiicntion of the 
Stexeiis faniilx. Richard Stevens i;; 
cliii't i)r()liali()ii officer of the county, ap- 
Idinted by judge P.lair in 1904. prominent 
in all progressive movements, a philan- 
thr(j|iist. and worthy scion of Ilohoken's 
oldest and most select society. 

Richard Stevens is the son of Edwin A. 
arid Martha B. Stevens. He was born May 
2T,. i8'uS. in Paris, France. Like his for- 
bears 111 makes his Hoboken iiome at 
Castle Point. He has a summer home at 
llernardsville. X. J. 

.\lr. Stevens was educateil in the Stevens 
I'reparatory School, St. Paul's School, a 
boarding school at Concord, X. H. ; Colum- 
bia College School of .\rts. class of i8()0, 
Xew ^'ork Law School, from which he 
was graduated in 18(^3, iti which year he 
]5assed his examination as attorney and 
was admitted to the Xew Jersey Ivir. 
Me is first vice-president of the Hol)oken Land and Improvement Com- 
lianw director of the First Xational Bank of Hoboken, and a member of the 
German Club and Columbia Club of Hoboken. and the Union Club, Racquet 
and Tennis Club, Xew York Athletic Club and University Club of Xew York. 
lie is fond of out door sports, at which he excels. In tennis he held the 
championship of Xew Jersey for three years and the middle .Atlantic chaiupion- 
sliip for two years. He played on the Somerset polo team for four years. He 
was champion wrestler of the New York Athletic Club for one year and held 
second place for one year. He rode in the cross country hunts of the Essex 
Fo.x Hounds. !~^winiiniiig atid boating are among his athletic attainments. 




47 



(Srnrnr 31. iHrlEutau 




(S 



F.( )R(;F, J. McEWAX. :■. leadin.o- and 
pul)lic spirited man of \\'est Hobo- 
ken, has an enviable record of suc- 
cess. Ik" was born in Roci\land County, 
N. Y., January i(). i8')2, his parents being 
Tliomas .McEwan and Hannah Eedgett 
.McEwan. 

Af.er attending country school at Man- 
chester (now Eakehurst), \. J., one vear, 
the family moved to Jersey City, where he 
went successively to School No. lo on 
I 'aterson Street, School No. 7 on Central 
Avenue and the Jersey Citv High School, 
from which he graduated in iSqj. 

He entered a hardware store in New 
\"ork. where he remained until 1S84. He 
had an ambition to become a lawyer and 
entered the law school of New York Uni- 
versity in the I'all of 1884, after studying 
with his brother, Flon. Thirmas McEwan, 
and Philo Chase, Esq. In May. 1885, he 
was graduated with the degree of LL. B. 
He was admitted to the New ^'ork Ixir in January, 1886, and practiced in 
New York until admitted to the New Jersey bar in June. 1887. He practiced 
in Jersey City from June. 1887. to January, 1907. when he removed to his 
present offices in the Highland Trust IniiUIing. West Hoboken. He liecame 
a counselor at law in New Jersey in June. 1890. 

He is vice-president, director and counsel for the Highland Trust Co., 
and president and counsel for the Courtland Building and Loan Association, 
recently organized. He is an active member of the Town Improvement Asso- 
ciation of West Hoboken and was town attorney in igii. 1013 and 1914. He 
is trustee and chairman of the executive committee of the Citizens' Federation 
of Hudson County. He was councilman from the Second \\'ard of West Ho- 
boken in 1894 and 1895. Flis house is at 421 High Street, that town. 

He is a member of the Columbia Club of Hoboken ; Euclid Lodge, F. and 
A. M., Hoboken ; the Scottish Rite bodies of New York ; Pilgrim Commandery, 
K. T.. Holioken: Salaam Temple. A. A. ( ). X. M. S.. Newark: Zemzem 
Grotto, M. (X \'. 1'. E. R.. Jersev City; West Hoboken Council. Royal Arcanum ; 
Unique Lodge. .\. O. U. W.. Jersey City, and the National Municipal League. 
He is an elder of the First Presbyterian Church of West Hoboken and was 
a coiumissioner at the Ceneral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of North 
.-Vmerica. held at Atlantic City. May, 1912. 




48 



^/OHN William Riifus Besson, presiding judge in the Huboken Distrii-i 
'II Court, was born in Hoboken January (>. 1871. His parents were John 
^"^ Case Besson and Ha.sscltine J. Besson (nee Nice). He has lived in 
Hoboken all his life, and is a l)rilliant exception to the rule based upon the 
familiar .^cri])tur;il i|Unta.lii)n that "a pniphet is not wilhuut hinmr save in 
his own country." 

Fioin his ynulh liidge Besson was studious. .\s a result, his rise in the 
legal and judicial world has been marked and well deserved. He attended 
Miss Hall's Primary School, the Hoboken Academy, Stevens High School 
and the Princeton Preparatory School prior to entering Princeton University, 
from which he was graduated in 1892 with the degree of B. A. In 1894 he 
graduated from the New York Law Sclmnl with the degree of LL. B. In 
June, 1895, Princeton conferreil upcm him the degree of M. A. 

In 1895 Mr. Besson was admitted tn the bar of New Jersey as an attornev 
and in 1898 as a counsellor. He is Ixith a Supreme Court Commissioner 
and a Special Master in Chancery. When he began practice he became a 
member of the firm of Lewis, Besson & Stevens, afterwards Besson, Alex- 
ander & .Stevens. His ability as a lawyer was speedily recognized, and 
to-day, besides occupying the District Court bench, he is counsel for the 
Trust Company of New Jersey. He is also a director in the Hudson Trust 
Company. 

Judge Besson served as Assemblyman from Hudson County in kjoj; 
and 1904. This is the only political office he has ever held. Besides the 
Legislative manuals for those years, he is i:)rominently mentioned in a volume 
entitled "Courts and Lawyers of New Jersey." He lives at 800 Hudson 
street, Hoboken, and all his life has taken an active interest in the affairs of 
Hoboken and its people. 

He is a member of the German Club of Hoboken, the Princeton Club 01 
New York, the University Club of New York, the University Cottage Club 
of Princeton, the Nassau Clul) of Princeton, the Sons of the Revolution of 
New Jersey, the ^^'ashington Headquarters Society of Morristown, N. J., 
and ex-jn-esident of the Hudson Count v Bar Association and the Hoboken 
Board of Trade. His hobbies are tennis and golf. 



?4rurtj A. (^ntht 



^/^ENRY .\ (iAEUE, of Hoboken, senior member of the law firm of 
^M Gaede & Gaede, one of the highly respected and older members of the 
^^ Hudson county bar, was born in Iludson City, now Jersey City 
Heights, September 10, 1857. 

He attended the schools in that vicinity and was graduated from old 
public school No. _' in 1872. He then studied civil engineering with Otto F. 
Wagener. then citv sur\evor of lloboken, and remained with him until Oc- 
tober, 1874, when he entered the ottice of the late John C. Besson. Since 
( )ctober, 1878, he has been engaged in the practice of his profession, making 
a specialty of real estate and banking law. 

He is counsel for a number of large cor]jorations. including the l-'irst 
National Bank of Hoboken, and the Jefferson Trust Company. He was at- 
torney for LIudson county in the condemnation proceedings for the County 
Boulevard. Mr. Gaede is a member of the Board of Visitors to the State 
Agricultural College and has experimented in horticulture a number of years, 
that being his hobb\-, ha\ing his countrv estate at Marlboro-on-the-Hudson, 
N. Y. 



49 



iEimrur U3altrr iCrakr 



IE 



LUIKNE Walter Leake was Ijurn in Jersey City. N. J., Juh- 17. 1877. ami 
in his hiime city he has attained a rejnitation as a lawyer wlio maintains 
the standard of the old school of practitioners much more closeh' than 
many of the younger members of the bar. He is the son of Thomas ^^'. 
Leake and Caroline \'eyrassat, a grandson of Charles Leake and Eugene 
\'eyrassat, a great-grandson of George Leake and Samuel Veyrassat. and a 
great-great-grandson of David Leake and Samuel \'eyrassat, Sr. 

Mr. Leake received his early education in Public Schools Nos. 3 and 12. 
Jersey City. Afterwards he attended Phillips-Andover .\cademy in Massa- 
chusetts. In 1896 he received the degree of LL. B. from the Regents of the 
Uiiiversity of the .State of New York. Li 1897 he received his diploma from 
the New York Law .Sclmol, at the same time winning the first j)rize in the 
post-graduate class for excellence in both examination and essa}'. 

.\fter graduating from the law school. Mr. Leake continued his studies 
with James R. \'redenburgh and Blair & Crouse in Jersey City, and was 
dmitted to the New Jersey bar in 1898. Since then he has been actively and 
successfully engaged in the practice of his profession. 

In 1900 he became associated with Charles Hartshorne and Earle Insle\' 
as the junior partner of the law firm of Hartshorne, Insley & Leake, with 
oiTices in the Pro\-ident Bank Building in Jersey City. This partnership h?s 
continued uninterru])tedlv ever since, tlie firm being recognized as one ai 
the must fcireninvt in the ])ractice nf law in New Jerse}". 



(Elrmrnt Or B. iCronctrb 




(E' 



i.i-;.Mi';.\T JA- R. i,i':().\Ai<i), of Uu- 

loken, attorney and counsellor at 
aw. is a son of I'rancis De R. 
Leonard, a grandson of Julni Leonard, and 
greal grandson ol Joseph Leonanl. wlm 
was high sherift of the then colony of Xew 
Jerse\ in 1771 and who died in 1779. His 
]iaiernal ancestors were h'rench llngenots. 
They came to this country ahout the time 
iif the F^ugenot wars and figured prom- 
inently in civic an 1 military aliairs. His 
father was a respected citizen of I'ied I'.ank 
anil liis grandfather was appointeil 1)\ 
Thomas Jefferson as minister to the couri. 
iif Spain, which position he held with 
honor for thirty years, llis mother was a 
niemher of the distinguished Lijipincott 
famil\- of Ahinmouth t'ountv. 

Mr. Leonard w'as born at Red Bank, 
l'"ehruar\- 18. i84r). He received his early 
education at St. Charles College, near 
Elliccitt ( ii\, Md. lie was graduated from .Seton Hall College in iS6y. alter 
whieli he read law in Red Lank, where he became assistant to Robert Allen, 
Jr.. prosecutor of the jileas. He was admitted to the Xew Jersey bar in 1873 
as an attorne\- and in 1876 as a counselor. In 1877 he came to Ihilioken, where 
he has since practiced his profession. 

Mr. Leonard has been prominent in Republican affairs in the state, hav- 
ing been delegate to the State Convention 011 several occasions, delegate to 
congressional and county conventions and chairman of the Lloboken City Re- 
publican Committee. He has also lieen president of his Assembly District Com- 
mittee and chairman of the First WardAssociation of Hoboken. He served in 
the Assembh in 1S117. lie declined elevation as a district judge in 1898. His 
practice is large and he enjox's the confidence of the wdiole community. 

He was retainecl in most important litigation by the Taxpayers' Asso- 
ciation of the Citv of Hoboken. to apply to the Supreme Court of the State 
for an <.)rder to summaril}- investigate the municipal expenditures of the city. 
On the i6th day (if September, 1905, Mr. Leonard accordingly, as provided 
by the statute, presented to Justice Jonathan Dixon a petition signed b\' 
thirty-eight freeholders and taxpayers abiding in the City of Hoboken, al- 
leging that tlu'\ had cause to belie\-e that the moneys of said city were being 
and had been unlawfully and corruptly expended, citing numerous instances 
of fraud and corruption in the disbursement of said moneys. An (irder was 
thereupon granted as pra}ed for. resulting in an adjustment nt the subject 
matter satisfactorilv to all parties therein concerned and with, ml recourse tn 
further legal prDceedings. 

AuDther instance of absorbing interest tn the citizens nf lloboken was 
the legal ijroceedings instituted b\- Mr. Leonard in conjunction with the 
Attorney (leneral of New Jersey, in the nature of tiuo warranto, attacking 
the appointment of ele\-en police officers, made on the i8th day of January, 
1904, at an adjourned stated meeting of the board of police commissioners of 
the Cil_\ of llolioken. It was claimed that the police force, as then existing. 
exclusi\e of -upei-ior officers, contained all the law then allowed, under 
Hoboken's Special Charter and the se\ eral amendments thereto, and there 
was no vacancN' in the membership of the said police force to wdiicii the said 
eleven officers could legally be appointed: that the said amendments to the 



51 



said charter under said eliartcr under which said officers claimed t^ liuhl tlieir 
office as patrolmen were unconstitutional and void and in contravention of 
article four, section seven, ijaragrajdis nine and eleven of the Constitution of 
the State of New Jersey. The said mentioned acts were claimed tn he special 
and applving only to those cities where the police force is governetl 1)\- a 
mayor and a board of commissioners appointed l>y him. 

The defendants in these jjroceedings retained Messrs. Bedle, Kdwards 
& Thompson of Jersey City, wh(j bitterly fought the case in their behalf, 
demurring to same on technical grounds. < )n February 23, 1904, the informa- 
tion was signed by the Attorney (jeneral, and writ of quo warranto issued 
on March 15, 1904. Defendants filed demurrer in case on June i6th, k;o4. 
.\n amended information was filed May ^th, 1903, and served on defendants 
.May 14, 1905. Mr. Lcdiiard was retained l)y the republican leader of Hudson 
County in said -proceedings, and when the case was ready for trial was ordered 
by his client to discontinue the same on ])ayment of his fees and costs. 

Mr. Leimard was also retained by the I'.lectinn ( )fficers of the City of 
Hohiiken, in 1903, to bring a. test case in their behalf in the name of one ot 
their number, David M. Hubbell, for the reco\er_\- of their salaries, in that 
year held up b}' the city on the questions of whether the law required the 
City or L"ount\' id p;iy same, and also to determine whether their individual 
salaries for each election, were to be each $25.00 or S30.00. Suit was lirought 
therefor on ,\pril 14th, 1903, and resulted in a judgment in fa\or of Mr. 
Leonard's clients and the recoverv of their claims in full. 

( )n the 15th day of March, .\. D. 1910. Mr. Leonard was also admitted 
as Attorney and Counselor-at-Law in the Supreme Court of New York, an<l 
on June -'8th, 1910, was duly a.dmitted to both the U. S. District and Circuit 
L'ciurts in said State. He ran with Lawrence Fagan and A. M. Bruggemann 
for mayor, and after Ijeing defeated was named as assessor by ^Ia}or Fagan. 
He held this position for five years. 




52 



SIrnn Abbctt 



•■y^lM)X A inil'. I r. with law iiftices at 51 Newark slrcel. llcil»>kcn. and 
4J [ \\hi> resides in Jersey tity. is a son of the late Cjovcrnor Leon .Vljbett, 

'^ anil as a result of that relationship, together with his own legal 
acumen, he has acquired a large clientele among the first people of the State. 
He has been i)racticing law for a number of years past, and from the first has 
had a clientele wdiich has made him independent. 

Mr. Abbett's clientele has been of such a nature that he has not had to 
indulge in any questionable legal practices. He is careful, and inquires 
minutely into the details of the case any client brings to him. If he thinks 
the case is a just one and can be won on its merits he frankly tells his 
client .so. If he thinks the case is a poor one, that his client would have 
no standing in the courts, or that the case could be won only by questionable 
methods, he is very quick to refuse to have anything to do with it. He has 
a profound respect for the intent of the law, and hesitates to take any 
questionable case on a mere technicality. 

Mr. Abbett really belongs to the old school of lawyers who would sooner 
see things settled amicably and not taken to court if such a settlement can 
he effected. To this end he has smoothed over the difficulties of many- 
clients, and has come to be looked upon as a mediator rather than a lawyer. 
This appellation is more pleasing to him. When, however, he has to take 
a case to court, he fights to the end for his client, and has a splendid record 
of victories to his credit. 

Although his father was one of the most honored men in politics in the 
State of Xew Jersey and attained the high office of Governor through the 
suft'rage of the people, the younger Abbett's tendencies have been to avoid 
politics as much as possible and to attend strictly to his legal business. He 
is quiet and unassuming, and readily finds friends among refined people. 



m. H, Irableu 

^H+t 11. BRADLEY, lawyer, with offices at 84 Washington street, Hoboken, 
111] '^ numbered among the nicist progressive of the lawyers of the mile- 
♦ square city. He has been in |)ractice long enough to establish a clientele 
of more than generous proportions, and has the cr>nfidence and esteem of a 
large number of friends as well as clients. 

Mr. Bradley has been interested in a good deal of important private litiga- 
tion, and so careful is he in the preparation of his cases that it is said of him 
that his clients generally win. His percentage of cases won is considerablv 
abo\-e the average, and this, of course, is due to a thorough knowledge of 
the law, a close study into the merits of the case on hand, and the fact that 
Mr. Bradley is honest in advising clients when thev have no case or little 
chance to win. 

Among his clients Air. Bradle_\- numbers many prominent people. A good 
deal of his practice is what is known as office cases. He has a certain skill 
in deciding complicated cases that has drawn to him clients who have 
remained with him permanently. He is never pedagogic, but gives his 
clients the impression of being a friend as well as legal adviser. As a 
matter of fact, he enters into the cases of his clients in a whole-hearted 
manner which really makes him the friend, as well as legal adviser. 

Because of his upright practice Mr. Bradley has gained a high place in 
the esteem of the various branches of the bar before which he practices. He 
is not a spectacular lawyer. He depends, rather, upon knowledge of the 
law and its correct interpretation than upon high flowai oratorv. He presents 
his cases clearly and concisely, and brings out the salient points in a manner 
that has w'on the admiration not only of the bench, but of his fellow lawyers 
as well. 

S3 



iE^utarlJ i'tnitpr 




i£ 



nWARU STO\"ER, lauver, was bom 
in Hoboken, on April 13. 1882. He 
is the son of Emma R. and John D. 
Stover. ?iTr. Stover is known for activities 
in Ijehait of social and civic betterment. He 
was the leader in the movement that 
bronght abont the equipment of the Mud- 
son I'liunty i)laygroun;ls in Hoboken. 

-Mr. Stover attended Mensing's Kinder- 
s/arten School and later the Hoboken Aca- 
demy from which he entered Xew York 
University at the age of iCi. Here his 
studies were interrupted by poor health. 
\^ hen this had been recovered he studied 
typewriting and stenographv in Eagan's 
liusiness College and entered the law o.'ifice 
of Samuel A. Besson. He graduated from 
Xew York Law School in 1004, reveived" 
the degree of bacliellor of laws in ujof). 
He became an attorney and in 1910 a coun- 
selor at law. Immediately on becoming 
an attorney he started in the practice of law for himself. His offices are in 
the Savings Bank Building at Newark and Washington Streets. Hoboken. 

While Mr. Stover was a law clerk he together with Walter Coppinger 
?nd Attorney John D. Pierson began to agitate for a play ground park for his 
crowded city, which finally culminated in the Hudson County Park Commis- 
sion adopting plans for converting the Hoboken Cricket (Irounds and adjoining 
|)roperty into a plav ground. Before the commission started its work of im- 
proxement a ball team managed by the late Robert Davis, then called the 
Deniiicratic Buss of Hudson County, started to play in the Cricket Grounds 
ind charged an entrance fee. Stover and his associates got an injunction pro- 
hibiting the games from the Court of Chancery, but before doing so presented 
themselves at the gates of the Cricket (irounds one Siniday afternoon and de- 
manded admittance free of charge. They were backed up by a crowd of citi- 
zens who tore down the fence when their demands were refused. 

I^rurij 31. (^a^itr 

iY|>]{XRY J. (tAEDE, associated with 
^|H his father, Henry A. Gaede, in the 
i law firm of ( iaede & Gaede, Hobo- 
ken, was born in Jersey City Heights June 
J5. 1884. He received the degree of LI,. 
11. frnm the Xew York Uni\'ersitv Law 
.School in 1904, after which he took a 
special law course at Cornell University. 
He was admitted to the Xew Jersey bar 
in 1905 and to the New York bar in 191 1. 
lie is probalsly the youngest man ever 
admitted to the bar in this State, being- 
sworn in just one da}' after becomini; 
twenty-one years of age. He is acti\'cly 
engaged in the practice of law in Xew 
York City, having offices at 55 Libert\ 
Street, as well as with his father at 01 
Washington .Street. Ilolniken. 

54 




JIampii A. ^ulltnan. 




ai 



\.\IES A. SL"LLI\AN. a member of 
the Xew Jersey bar since lyii, and 
now engaged in the general jjractice 
ni' law in Jersey City, was born in Jersey 
Cny. on September 20, 1884, his parents 
b.eing James and Mary Snllivan. He has 
proven himself an apt disciple of P.lack- 
slone and his law business is growing. In 
characteristic manner when asked as to his 
hobbies and tastes he said he had none, that 
his only desire was tij see his business 
grow. He has the training, the system and 
the experience which will ])ermit him to do 
an enormous amount of work in the short- 
est possible time. His interests are always 
those of his clients and those who have re- 
tained him are loud ir praise of his satis- 
factory work i'l their behalf 

He was educated in the Christian 
lirothers" School in Jersey City, St. Peter's 
College in Jersey City and Seton Hall in 
South Orange, from which nistitution he graduated in 1905, with the academic 
degree of A. B. In 1907 he received the degree of A. M. From the Xew York 
Law School he received the degree of LL. B. in 1908. H then entered the 
office of Brinkerhoit & Fielder, serving a clerkship there until his admission 
to the bar in 191 r. 

J\Ir. Sullivan is a Democrat in politics. He 
Eean Democratic Club and the Carteret Club. 



is a member of the lohn P. 




55 



MtUtam A. iKaitauagli 



II.LIAAI A. Kavanagh, one of the younger of Hoboken's lawvers, hut 
vvithah one who in his short legal career has won a host of friends 
and cHents. together with their confidence, was ijorn ni Countv Dublin, 
Ireland, March 17. 1X85. and is therefore a true son of the "ould sod'" and of 
the good St. Patrick, he being born upon the d'ly devoted to the memory of 
Ireland's patron saint. His parents were James F. Kavanagh and .Vnna 
\rcher Kavanagh. 

With his parents }-oung Ka\anagh came li '. this country in September, 
1890. They settled in Hoboken, and it was here that the boy was educated, 
so far as his preliminary education was concerned. He attended both No. 1 
School and < )ur l.ady of (irace Parochial School, graduating from the latter 
institution of learning in 1898. He then entered St. Peter's High School in 
Jersey (7ity, attending there from 1899 to 1901. after which he entered Seton 
Hall College in .South ( )range. N. J., in 1902, from which he graduated in 1905. 

.After his graduation at .Seton Hall College he became an instructor, and 
taught in the Il(il)(_)ken High School and in the jnildic schools of the City of 
Xew 'S'ork. As a teacher he was highly regarded, and had he chosen tt) 
continue a career as such would undoubtedly have been among the foremost 
tutors (if his time. He had a bent for the law, however, and entered Fordham 
Law Schiiiil HI 19C9, graduating in 191J. lie was soon after admitted to the 
bar, and since then has practiced his profession at 68 Hudson street, where 
he has a large and constantly growing clientele. 

Mr. Kavanagh is careful and conscientious in the study of the interests 
(if his clients in whatever matters are entrusted to him. Although a young 
lawyer, he already has nia.n\- victories and satisfactory settlements to his 
creflit. Through the clients he has ser\'ed others ha\e come, a fact which 



iFrrlirnrk N. lEbrrliar^ 

^lY^^J'-'r^ERICk' X. Eberhard. witli oi"fices in the Second Xational Hank build- 
lll '"§'■ Hoboken, is one of those lawyers whose advice is sought not only by 
■^■^ private clients, but by financial institutions, municipal corporations, 
etc. He is recognized as an able exponent of financial and corporation law 
and, therefore, he has a clientele that is a little above that of the average 
lawyer. 

Mr. Eberhard is not often seen at the bar. Most of his work is confined 
to his office. The work at the bar is attended to more or less by his asso- 
ciates. When his presence is required, however, one may find him in court, 
and when he is seen there one may rest assured that there is something of 
more than ordinary importance on for the day. 

Mr. Eberhard resides in Jersey City, in the upper Hudson City section. 
He has a splendid home on Palisade avenue. He has a family of whom he 
can well feel proud. His son, F. N. Eberhard, Jr., is studying law in his 
father's office, and it is the intention of the elder Eberhard to take the son 
into the firm as soon as he has passed his examinations and been admitted 
to tiie bar. 

\\'hile never dabbling in politics for personal gain, Mr. Eberhard has 
taken an active interest in the reforms of government in Jersey City. He 
was Judge .Advocate of the \inth Regiment of Mew Jersey and an Interstate 
Bridge Commissioner re]irescnting Hudson County. The title of "Commis- 
sioner" sticks with him to the present day. 

Personally Mr. I'"lierhard is genial with friends. To those whom he 
likes he has a warm heart. He is courteous to all, but dismisses quietly those 
with whom he does n(')t care to do business or recognize socially. He has 
built up his legal business on a high plane. .A man of his personality could 
m it cl( 1 ( itherwise. 

56 



(Eharlrs t. ^. ^intpiuni. 




C 



ARLKS I".. S. Sl.MPSOX was born 
August 20. i<S73, in Xevv York City, 
where he received his early ediica- 
tii'ii in the pubhc schools. When a young 
man lie moved to Jersey City, where he has 
siuL-e made his home. He was admitted to 
the New Jerse}- bar in 1899 as an attmiiey 
and subsequently as a counselor. lie is 
now practising his profession, his offices 
bemg at 665 Newark Avenue, Jersey City. 

Mr. Simpson is a Democrat. He is an 
orator and his services are much sought in 
cam])aigns. In 1911 and 1912 he served as 
an .\ssemhlyman. the latter year being re- 
elected l)\- a majority of more than 19,000. 
over I'.. .\. Ransom, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket. He served as 
chairman of the committee on incidental 
expenses and as a member of the commit- 
tees on judiciary, revision of laws, school 
for deaf mutes and state library, 
lie is al\\a\s interested in the betterment of Jersey City and is a member 
III' the Chamber of Commerce of that city. He was one of the founder.s and 
is a member of the Eighth \\'ard Citizens' League of Jersev Citv. He is 
well kniiwn fraternally and is a member of Court Jersey Citv, No. 2. Foresters 
of .\nierica : the Jerse\' City Club; the Down Town Club; Jersey City Lodge, 
No. 211. 1!. r. ( ). \i.: .\mity Lodge, No. 103, F. and A. M. : Lafayette Lodge, 
No. 79. K. .if L. ; Zemzem' (irotto. No. 16! M. (). \'. P. E. R.:"the Hudson 
L'liunty Democratic Association; New Jersev Automobile and Motor Club; 
.\ntomol)ile Club of Hudson County, the Hudson Countv Road Drivers" 
Association, and the IhKlson County Bar Association. 11 is practice is a large 



and lucrat 



i\e one and 



clientele is rapidl\' increasing. 




57 



ilHtitor ii. lrau^ 



AAUjNd the lawyers of JriuhokL-n wIki have attained an excellent repu- 
tation among business men, professional men and laymen generally, 
niav be mentioned Isidor H. Brand, with offices at 51 Newark street. 
Mr. Brand practices his profession strictly along ethical lines, and is averse 
to publicity, except that gained through duty well done. He is regarded as 
one of the leading legal lights of Hoboken. and enjoy^s a practice at the same 
time attractive to a man of his profession, and lucrative. His practice in- 
cludes all br::;iches of litigation, but he prefers that which leaves him in hi> 
office, studying out intricate problems, rather than the kind which leads the 
lawyer into the criminal courts. 

Mr. Brand lielieves in law as practiced by the old school of lawyers, the 
kind of law which makes the lawyer the confidential friend, as well as legal 
adviser, of his client, the kind of law that recognizes duty to clients as para- 
mount to every other consideration, the kind which advises and directs and 
refuses to take cases if there is no good case to be made for the client, the 
kind which advises settlement of difficulties rather than costly litigation, in 
fact, the practice of law along the dignified and gentlemanly side of the pro- 
fession. 

Naturally Mr. Brand is a busy man. lie is well grcjunded in his practice, 
which has grown until it reaches proportions which take up a great deal of 
his time. He finds time, however, to be genial to callers and extend a hearty 
welcome to friends. He li\es at 318 Hudson street and enjoys the respect 
of his neighbors. 



Abolph C. (CarstPii 



N 



( ) la\\\er is better or more fa\'orabl\- kn^wn in North Hudson, Hoboken, 
or I'ludson County, for that matter, than Adolph C. Carsten, who has 
offices at 79 River street. Hoboken. Mr. Carsten was for years a law part- 
ner of iMancis McCauley under the firm name of McCauley and Carsten. About 
a year ago the partnership was severed, and since that time he has engaged 
in the practice of law for himself at the Hoboken address. He also lives in 
Hoboken at 913 Washington street. 

Praise which might be bestowed on other members of the liar would 
sound cheap when applied to Mr. Carsten. He is one of the school of 
lawyers who believe in the protection of their clients and their interests 
promptly and with the least litigation possible. He has so large a permanent 
and transient clientele that it would not pay him to dally along on cases 
which Cduld be settled quickly, even were he so inclined, but it has always 
been a point of honor with Mr. Carsten to get through a case as quickly as 
possible, thereby getting it oiif his mind and leaving more for the client. 

Mr. Carsten was born March 31, 1875, in Hol^oken, his parents being 
Nicholas and Lina Carsten. He attended pulilic school No. 3. He worked 
at the dianidud cutting trade from 13 to _'i years of age. He entered the 
("entenarx Collegiate Institute at 1 lackettstown in 1897, graduating in 1900. 
He immedialelv entered the New York University and graduated in 1904 
with the degree of B. A. From the New York T.aw School he graduated in 
190s and entered the office of James F. Minturn. who was elevated to the 
Supreme Court bench in 1907. at wliicli time McCauley and Carsten took 
( ver his practice. 

Mr. Carsten was appointed to the Board of Trustees of the Free Pulilic 
Librar\ in Hoboken in 1906 by Mayor George H. Steil. He resigned in 1909. 
lie is a member of Hoboken Lodge of Elks No. 74, Camp i. Sons of \'eterans, 
and the Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity and Club with headquarters in West 
Forty-fourth street, New York City. 

58 



A. (»). Ctrrarrllf 



AM()i\'(_j tlie best kiiuvvn (if tin- lawyers in this vicinity may he men- 
tinned A. (). Ciccarelli. with offices in the huilchnj^ owned by tlie 
Second National Bank. S2 River street, Hohoken. .\lr. Ciccarelli has 
been engaged in the practice of law in tlie Hudson County Courts for the 
past twenty years, and he has built up an enviable clientele, especially among 
the Italian speaking residents of the county, who go to him for counsel and 
advice. Advice is not always confined to legal matters. Many of his clients 
have been advised as to financial investments there, and it is said that none 
who followed the advice of the counsellor in these matters ever had cause to 
regret it. 

.'Vt one time Mr. Ciccarelli dabbled a bit in politics. He was a republican 
and was much interested in republican politics. He was a member of the 
Fremont Club when that organization was in the height of its glory and at 
one time undertook to run for the assembly on the republican ticket. He was 
beaten at the polls, as was every other republican at the time, although his 
vote was a flattering one. Of late years he has eschewed politics and con- 
fined himself to the practice of his profession. 

His offices are busy ones. Go there at any time when he is in and one 
is apt to find a long list of waiting clients looking for advice as to begun or 
contemplated litigation. Mr. Ciccarelli is sharp, clear, crisp and decisive in 
his advice. He has the law on most matters at his tongue's end, and is ready 
in many cases to give an opinion as to tlie nieritsof litigation at a moment's 
notice. 

Mr. Ciccarelli numbers among his friends some prominent people. He 
is well thought of by the bench and bar. He has never resorted to the little 
catch-penny tactics of so many lawyers of the younger generation, and is 
rather of the strictly professional order of legal gentlemen. Once a friend 
his friendships last until blasted by other than himself. 




.S9 



ilnbtt 31. Walsh 




31 



f(_)H.\ j. UaLsh was horn 
at \\'exford, Ireland. 
March i6, 1877, and is 
a lawyer by profession. He 
receixed his early education 
under the fJrothers of St. 
-Moysius. at \\'exford, where 
he graduated with honors, 
lie afterwards accepted a 
position w^ith Israel \\'allis. 
C lerk of the Crown, where, 
from his duties as attendant 
at the Petit Sessions Court, 
lie acquired a facilit\- for the 
^tudy of law. 

His father, John Walsh. 
was a descendant of an old 
.^iiuth W'c-xford family, and 
was one of the organizers 
and ardent supporters of the 
Land-League Movement in 
< ictober, 1879. Under an 
Act (pf Parliament of i88t, 
known a.s "L'orester's Coer- 
ci(in Act." which was pro- 
mulgated for the suppression 
"f the Land-League, and the 
suspension of the Llabeas 
Corpus Act of that year, his 
father was arrested, and with 600 others of good social standing, and moderate 
political \iews. was incarcer;ited as a "suspect" in Kilmainham jail, Dublin. 
He was released, untried and unaccused in May, 1882. 

Ml-. W'aKh, Jr.. in his younger da}'s was affiliated with the Nationalist 
nioxenKiit and was acti\ely interested in the Parnell crisis of 1890. 

Mr. WaMi came to the L'nited States in 1897. with the late Rev. Michael 
C. Mcl''-\ii\. pastor of .St. Joseph's I'hurch. lloboken, who desired him to 
stud\- for the priesthood. Mr. Walsh, Imwcver, was inclined to pursue the 
studv of law. He completed his studies in New York University, class of 
1896. He serxed his clerkship under Supreme Court Justice, Hon. James F. 
Minturn and Corporation Counsel John J. Fallon. He was admitted to the 
New Jersey Bar in 1908. 



iHnrrtii llmausku 



^I*|*L)I\K1S UMANSKV, engaged ni the practice of law at 51 Newark street. 
^||p| Hoboken, was bom March 10, j886, at Bratslav. Russia. His parent.* 
•'■^^ were loscph and Esther Umansky. He attended schools in Russia. 
When still a bo\' he came to this country, and by close application and hard 
study, at the age of 28 years he has made for himself an enviable place in 
professional circles. His legal cduca.tion was obtained at the Law School of 
the University of New N'ork. His ]iractice from the start has been of the 
higher order. 

Mr. Umanskv is popular in a large circle of friends and acquaintances. 
He is a member of Court IIarmon\ , No. 69. Foresters of America; Hoboken 
City Lodge. No. 476, Independent Order of Brith Abraham, and Linath 
Hazedek of Hudson t'ountx'. He is married and lives in ^^'est Hoboken. 

60 




iFiuanrtal JuHttlutinuH 



■l'l)S()X COUNTY'S financial institutii.)ns are among the strnngest and 
most respected in tlic country. Xo loose methods of banking are 
'i tolerated here, the result being the un(|uesti( ined soundness of the 
banks and allied institutions. 

Notwithstanding the panic through which the country at large ha.s passetl. 
there has been little of the general depression felt here. s(_> far as banking 
business is concerned. The banks have been liberal in their accommodations 
to business men — as liberal as go(Ki business management wotild permit. So 
far as the annual rejjorts for 1914 show e\-ery liank has increased its assets, 
decreased its actual liabilities and increased its saving deposits. While 1914 
was by no means the liest financial year experienced in Hudson, it was far 
from being the poorest. Failures were few and, with one or two exceptions, 
were unimportant. All in all. the financial conditions have been remarkably 
got)d. considering the tlepression that existed elsewdiere, and there seems to 
prevail the general optimistic feeling of a better Inisiness year to come. 

Building and loan associations ha\-e increased in numbers, shareholders 
and the number of sliares taken and this increase is continuing. L'arefnl 
management has marked the conduct of the sixt}- or more associations of this 
hind in the county. .Ml have done an extensive banking ])usiness. 

Many of Hudson's banks do <lo business with correspondents throughout 
the entire cixilized world. .Many of her financiers are internationally known. 
The credit checks, or letters of credit, of many of her institutions are accepted 
as collateral the world mer. The figures of business done, of deposits and 
assets are astounding. 

Realty operations ha\e been general and in some parts of the country, 
more notably in North Hudson, an actual building boom has been in pro- 
gress. \\'est New York especially has felt this in full force and there has 
been no indication of a slump of any kind. Xew business houses have been 
opened and are apparently doing well. From the financial, as well as social 
nnd economical, standpoint Tdudson Count\' is a good. \We section. 



61 



Muiou Sruiit (IInm|iany 



^■r 1 1 1^ Union Trust Company of New Jer.se}', with headquarters at 75 
llL Montgomery street, Jersey City, and a branch at Broadway and Thirty- 
^^ third street, Bayonne, although a comparatively young financial in- 
stitution, having commenced business in 1907, is one of the strongest in 
Hudson county, having a capital and surplus of more than $630,000, with 
assets of more than $3,700,000. It has direct facilities for drawing and trans- 
mitting funds on or to any important city in the world l)y draft, letters of 
credit or cable. 

Officers of the comiiany are: President, .Sa.muel Ludliiw, jr.; vice-jiresi- 
dent, John J. ( jorman ; vice-president and treasurer, James (i. Hasking; sec- 
retar}-, George E. Bailey; assistant secretary, Floyd Ramsey; directors, 
Charles K. Beekman, ^\'illiam H. Cane, Joseph A. Dear. Thomas H. Ecker- 
-on, Benjamin E. Farrier, John J. Gorman, James P. Hall, James G. Hasking, 
Kdlicrt .^. lluds|)eth, Charles F. Long, Samuel Ludlow, jr., C. F. Mueller, jr., 
Jacob Ringle, Thomas W. Shelton, Stanton M. Smith, A. J. Stone and J. T. 
Thomas. \\'ith these gentlemen at the head of the institution it does a bank- 
ing and trust business in all its branches, is the depository of savings funds 
at 4 per cent, interest, a depository of the State of New Jersey, of the count}' 
of Hudson, of Jersey City, the Cit}- of Ba\dnne, and likewise a depositorv in 
bankruptcy. It has twenty-one employees. 

The presivlent, Mr. Ludlow, has a wide experience in the banking busi- 
ness, beginning as messenger in a large New York bank at the age of 17 
}ears. He has worked in every important department of a large city bank 
and is therefore conversant in all branches of banking, as well as all the 
details necessarily involved. 

The vice-president, J. J. Gorman, is vvidel}- known a^ the ]M-esident of 
the Maidiattan Electrical Supply Company, one of the largest electrical supjdy 
com])anies in the W(_)rld, which was established b\- .Mr. Gorman with but a 
few hundred dollars some thirty vears ago. 

\ ice-])resident and Treasurer James (1. Hasking, is widelv known in hank- 
ing circles throughout Jersey Cit}-, his acti\-ities in this line in that city co\ - 
ering a period of more than fifty }ears. .Ml of the directors are known as 
men of high integrity and business abilit}-. 

This trust company when organized in 1907 assumed the deposit 
Hahilitics of the Second National Hank of Jerse\' Cit\' and engaged to liqui- 
date that institution. At the time the present management took hold the 
deposits of the Second National Bank were slightly in excess of $700,000. .\t 
the ])resent time the deposits amount to over $3,000,000, a gain of over 
400%, while the total assets amount to over $3,700,000. The capital stock of 
the Second National Bank has been liquidated up to one hundred cents on 
the dollar. At the present time the Union Trust Co. has no direct or indirect 
interest in the old aflfairs of the Second National Bank of Jersey City, and 
their afiiliations although always indirect are now completely severed. 

Since the trust company was organized in the old l)uilding of the Second 
National Bank, corner \\'ashington and Montgomerv streets, it has disposed 
of the old building to the United States government, where the new Jerse}' 
City post office is now located and has erected a modern bank and 
office building at the corner of ^\■ashington and Montgomery streets, wherein 
is located the Downtown Clul). the Chancery Court Chambers, the Bank- 
ruptc}- Court and the Chamber of Commerce. The home of the Trust 
Compau}- is considered the best equijiped Ijanking rooms in the State of New- 
Jersey. Herein is located a safe deposit vault, which is i)ronounced by ex- 
perts as the heaviest and strongest vault in the State. 

During the year ending June 30th, 1914. the total transactions of money 
handled by the Union Trust Company, amounted to the immense sum of 
$171,921,679.27. Over 10,000 depositors are handling their banking business 
througli this conipany at the present lime. 

62 



iiiiUilauii iLvmt (Enmpami uf Nmn Srnirij 

" AR riNHi business on June 30, 1904. the Hig;hland Trust Company of 
Xow Jersey, at Summit avenue and De.Mntt street, West Hoboken. 
has ijrown to a histv fmancial yc:nit;sier of ten years, wit'.i assets of 
more than $2,000,000. In starting, it oceupied a twenty foot building in the 
neighborhood of the transfer station. It ii>nv has a si)lendi<l building of its 
own, facing for sixty feet on l>usy ."summit avenue. 

'i"he poHey which h;is l)uilt the Inisiness of this bank and caused such 
unusual prosjierity and growth is the principle that the important feature of 
I\-inking is to always ha\e the money to pay the depositor when he comes to 
the window for it. 




Organizers of the conijiany include Julius lielte. A. A. Franck. J. P. 
Henry, M. I).. K. J. Hillas, George J. McKwan. J. Lawrence Nevin. (de- 
ceased). Richard Stevens, Edward H. Snyder. .Vlbert Wiggers. George 
Lau.secker, |. A. W'olfenden. B. H. Pelzer. jr.. Charles J. Solyom. George 
Lawyer and Thomas McEwan. 

Officers are: Thomas McEwan. Jr.. ]iresident : 
president ; I. S. Chamberlain, secretarv and treasurer. 
McEwan. Julius Helte. Robert J.' Hillas. Henry 
Lampa. (Jeorge J. Mcl'.wan, Joseph .\. Xe\in. M. 



l\ol)ert J. Hillas. vice- 
Directors are: Thomas 
Prunaret. Robert R. 

I).. Edwin H. Snvder 



W'\ 



^^'ern^ 



ohn A. Wdlfenden and I'.dward Savove. 




63 




3u^U0trtal J^rnripss in ilntiisou (Cmmtii 

^IJT LJU^UN COUNTY is tirst in iini)()rtancc li<:)th in population and in- 
TfJ (lustries among the CDuntics df Xew jersc)-. Its aihantageous loc;Ui<in 
i in tlu- Metropolitan DistriL't, assures tn all of the municipalities within 
its boundaries an ecjual sliaix- in the industrial dexelnpnient of the T'ort of 
New York. 

Al this point the principal railniads df the cmnitry converge — in fact 
lludsiin County may well be termed the tide water terminal of jiracticall}- 
e\ery important trunk line in the country. Here, too, are located four im- 
portant trans-Atlantic lines (two of them among the largest in the world) 
which together handle more than half of the entire ocean passenger traffic 
and a sulistantial share of the immense \olnme of freight to and from Euro- 
pean and other foreign countries. 

The completion of the waterwax s s\ stem from the ( ireat Lakes to the 
.\tlantic ( )cean \ia the Hudson River, and the opening of the Panama Canal 
also gives promise of even greater prosperity. 

Manufacturers are quick to perceive its many advantages and are locat- 
ing in all ])arts of the county in constantly increasing numbers. Sections 
which a few years ago were woods and fields, marsh lands, or dumping 
grounds for rubbish, can now l)oast of some of the finest examples of modern 
factory construction. Many new streets ha\e also been laid out in these 
sections, and apartments, flats and dwellings lia\e been, and are being. erecte(' 
to house the numerous workers. 

Labor of all classes, skilled and unskilled, is a\ailable throughout the 
county, and because of the development of transportation facilities, the \-a- 
rious sections of the county have been drawn closer together, h'xcellent 
suburban train service has also ])laced within the reach of luany peo])le who 
are employed within the county, the advantages of country life. 

It needs no great prophet then, to forecast the industrial future of llud.-.on 
Connt\. The westerly shore of the Hudson Ri\ er. the shores of the .Staten 
Island Kills, the lowland fringeing the Hackensack River, will be utilized in 
the development of a freight terminal s\stem second to none in the world 
and with this development will come industrial prosperity unsurpassed by 
an\' section of our countr%-. 



64 



I^utisou m\h ilaulmttau Bailrnaii (En. 

'XT ^' OXE development, or industry, has played a nmre iniporlant part in 
"3y the growth and development of Hudson County than the Hudson and 
'^^ Manhattan Railroad Company, operating the tunnels under the Hud- 
son river between Jersey City, Hoboken and the shopping and downtown 
districts of New York. By its extensions in Jersey City, patrons are now 
enabled to reach the western slope of the Bergen section, and from there, by 
special arrangement with the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, through to 
Newark, upon trains operated by the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Com- 
pany. Other extensions are planned in New York, by which New Jersey 
patrons will be able to ride direct to the Grand Central station in New York. 
When these extensions are completed, Hudson County will have direct and 
quick communication with financial and commercial New York, unequalled 
by that of any other section of the metropolis and its neighboring towns and 
counties. 

By means of the tunnels one may go from either Hoboken or Jersey 
City to downtown New York for five cents, and to any part of Sixth avenue, 
as far as Thirty-third street, for seven cents, This is cheaper, quicker and 
more convenient than the old ferry and surface car methods by which the 
public had to reach these districts. The tunnel has proven a great boon to 
Hudson County people who work in New York, as well as to those house- 
wives who care to go to New York to shop. Where a shopping trip used 
to take up the better part of a day, a woman may now leave home at a rea- 
sonable hour in the morning, reach the shopping district, transact her business 
and be home again in time for lunch. The saving in time for those who 
travel to and from work and business in New York is just as marked. 

From the inception of tunnel service the motto has always been "safety. 
speed, courtesy." The tunnel authorities were the first of the great public 
service corporations operating in and about New York to impress upon their 
employees that the travelling public is entitled to courtesy. It was a great 
change from the "step lively," and the "hurry up" commands of the employees 
of other transportation companies to the "please htirry" of the new company 
employees at first and one which was much appreciated. Since then other 
companies got the habit of courtesy and it is now the rule rather than the 

exception. 

The under river tunnels were the outgrowth of the plan of the Hudson 
Tunnel Railroad Company, organized in 1873 by DeWitt Clinton Haskins, to 
tunnel under the Hudson, connecting New York and New Jersey and to 
furnish transportatii.m by means of steam trains. Lack of facilities for com- 
]ileting the projected tunnel caused the scheme to lie dormant for a number 
of years, although it continued to be agitated. Finally the company was 
reorganized through the indomitable work of William C Mc.Vdoo. now 
secretary of treasury for the United States, and plans were e\-olved by which 
the plan would be made feasible by electric operation. 

All work was concentrated on the possibility of building a tunnel at first. 
Work was commenced on what is officially known as the north tunnel, that 
leading to Hoboken, through the Erie yards and across under the river at 
Fifteenth street, Jersey City. This tunnel was completed from Jersey City 
to New York on March 11, 1904. The uptown tunnels from Hoboken to 
Nineteenth street and Sixth avenue were opened to traffic on February 25. 
1908, comprising 6.2 miles of single tracks. On June 15, 1908, the line was 
opened to Twenty-third street station, using the easterly side of the station 
only. On July 19, 1909, the downtown river tunnels from Church street 
terminal, New York City, to Pennsylvania station in Jersey City were thrown 
open to traffic, and on August 2, 1909, the link connecting the uptown and 
downtown systems on the New Jersey side was placed in operation and on 
September 20 the tunnels between Caissons No. i and No. 3 were opened 
which enabled the uptown system to send trains to and from the Erie station 

65 



and the Pennsylvania station and at the same time the west side of Twentv- 
third street station was placed in use. The total length of single track in 
service at this time being 12.79 miles. 

On September 6, 1910, the Henderson street station in Jersey City with 
the connecting tunnels to the Pennsylvania station and Washington street 
line were placed under operation, together with the car storage yard and 
a])proach thereto. On November 10, 1910, the line on Sixth avenue to Thirtv- 
third street was completed, making the complete length of single track in 
operation 15.61 miles with 1.91 miles of storage tracks. From this have 
sprung all the ramifications of underground and under river transportation 
which we now enjov. 

A resume' of the work of tunnel construction would be interesting, but 
w(.)uld reqtiire much more space than can be crowded into this historv. That 
it was well done can be testified to by hundreds of thousands who use the 
tunnels to reach New York. But it was not accomplished without having 
to overcome many difficulties in engineering and construction work. Some 
lives were lost, but in the main the loss of life was comparatively small when 
the magnitude oi the work is taken into consideration. 




From the first the tunnels were well patronized. An effort was made to 
provide service on a straight five cent fare. After a trial it was found that 
this could not be done, so a seven cent fare was imposed for tiptown pas- 
sengers and a five cent fare for downtown passengers. Taken all in all, from 
the standpoint of big investors, there is every reason to hope for continued 
and increasing success of o])eration until such time as it shall mcjre than ])ay 
f(n- itself. 

The Hudson Terminal Buildings, the downtown terminal, contribute in 
a large measure to the re\'enue of the road. They are fully rented. 

The comjiany report for December 31, 191 3, shows that there is a total 
trackage of 7.089 miles in New York and 11.668 miles in New Jersey. This 
includes main lines, sidings and crossovers, car yards and approaches, etc. 
While there are 18.757 miles of trackage, there are but 7.1)1 miles of roadway. 

06 



A comparisnn of statistics for iyi2 and 1913 shows a g-cneral increase in 
number of car miles operated, passenger revenue, miscellaneous revenue, in 
•mmber of jjassengers carried, number of passengers carried per mile. i)as- 
sengers revenue ])er mile. etc. A million and a quarter more ])assengers were 
carried in 191,^ tlian in 1912. 

There is one thing on which the company is strong, i. c.. safety to em- 
ployees and to public. To this end no expense has been spared to secure the 
latest in electric safety appliances. It is claimed that it is absolutely impos- 
sible for a car to be run past a danger signal, no ma'tter if the motorman be 
asleep or dead. The car is stopped automatically where a signal is set, and 
must continue to remain there until the danger ahead has been eliminated 
either by the train ahead passing out o{ the block and automatically releas- 
ing the signal or until the danger, if it be something else, is eliminated. 

To further guard the safety of the public, every employee is furnished 
with set of rules and a book of safety hints. In these books every known 
transportation contingency that can arise is met with explicit instructions how 
to act in any emergency. The books are so modified that the instructions 
can be found and followed with practically no loss of time. The book also 
contains instructions for first aid to the injured. 

The membership of the Hudson and Manhattan Railrcjad .\thletic Asso- 
ciation comprises about 80 per cent, of the employees of the company. Com- 
modious (luartcrs ha\e been furnished by the company and equipped with 
l)Ool tal)les, gynniasium apparatus, hand ball court, and a well stocked reading 
room, have afforded social intercourse and healthful recreation. A motion- 
picture machine has recently been installed by the association and has been 
used not only to furnish entertainment, but also to illustrate frequent instruc- 
tive lectures on matters pertaining tn railway operation, particularly the 
subject of "safety." 

On March 1st. 191 v an agreement was entered into between the compan\' 
and Hudson anil Manhattan Railroad Athletic Association, representing the 
employees, under which Sick Benefit and Death Benefit Funds have been 
established. The operation of these P'unds has been highly satisfactory, and 
the cordial relations which already existed between the company ami its 
employees ha\-e been greatly strengthened. The F'unds are managed by a 
committee composed of officers of the company and employees elected by the 
Athletic Association. 




67 



i>tauiiartii (§tl (Enm^iaug 



AMOXCj the great industries of Jersey City and its adjacent towns is the 
manufacture and distribution of oils and oil products as carried on by 
the Standard Oil Company in Jersey City and Bayonne. The plant 
at Bayonne is the largest oil manufacturing establishment in the world. It 
covers an area of something like 252 acres, where crude oil is manufactured 
into its various products. 

From the Bayonne plant alone during the year 1913 were shipped 2,608,- 
660 tons of oil and oil products by water. There were received into this plant 
by water 797.240 tons, making a total amount of business done by water 
over their docks of 3.405.907 tons. This does not include the material used 
in the preparation of oil and oil products, such as lin])late. boxes, steel pipe, 
machinery, etc. 

This plant is equipped with four large docks capable of handling the 
largest commercial vessels in the world. Fifteen large ships can be accom- 
modated at these docks at one time. To do this large amount of business 
496 ship loads were taken in and sent out. 410 being loaded out and 86 brought 
in laden with oil. Two hundred and ninety-three barges, oil laden were also 
handled into the plant and 1.704 barges an average of six a da\-, were handled 
out. The ships and barges vary from a capacity of 3,000 to a capacity of 
15.000 tons. They go to all parts of the world, many cargoes reaching the 
far interior of China, islands of the Pacific ocean, interior of Africa. Australia, 
South America. Scandinavia and as far north as the arctic circle. 

Besides the oil shipped out of this plant daily there is manufactured on 
an average of more than 50.000 cases per day. each case carrying two cans 
of five gallons each, the cans also being manufactured within the plant. The 
plant is also equipped to manufacture 7.000 wooden barrels per day, as well 
as the steel barrels used in the shipment of oils for long distances. Not only 
is the manufacture of receptacles for its own products carried on. but the 
plant is so equipped that practically all its own machinery and repairs are 
made there by its own mechanics. A large boiler shop, blacksmith shop, 
machine shop and carpenter shop, employ some 2.000 men constantly on stich 
work. The total number of employees in the plant aggregates 6,000 and the 
manufacture of oil. its products, cases, machinery, etc.. is carried on night 
and day. 

In the Communipaw section of Jersey City is another oil refinery, cciver- 
ing approximately 80 acres of land, in which is manufactured 15,000 barrels 
of crude oil into various grades of lubricating oil daily. This plant is fully 
equipped for the manufacture of all the products of petroleum and employs 
a force aggregating about 1,000 men. This plant was established in 1878 
with a small manufacturing capacity and has grown steadily to its present 
size. Both of these plants probably represent the most modern and up-to-date 
methods that can be found in this particular business. 

With such an extensive business it must be recognized that the Standard 
Oil Company plays an important part in the finances of the section in which 
it carries on its manufacturing operations. The weekly payroll of the com- 
pany is something like $75,000 in the two plants. Most of this is disbursed 
by the employees in their own particular sections among grocers, butchers 
and other local merchants. 

The company has suffered several disastrous fires in its Bayonne plant. 
One in July. 1890. broke out at midnight and burned for a week, the loss 
being in the neighborhood of $2,000,000. Since that time the company has 
employed every means and adopted every contrivance to prevent a repetition 
of such a conflagration. Great care is taken to provide sanitary and safety- 
appliances for the protection of employees at all times and every reasonable 
effort is made to look out for their welfare. 



68 




Since the big lire an additional pumping system, hy means of which the 
immense tanks of oils, gasolene, naphtha, etc., can be quickly drawn off in 
the event of a fire close by, and carried to points of safety elsewhere, have 
been installed. A splendid fire system has been organized among the em- 
ployees. There are plenty of hydrants and hose and a heavy pressure of 
water is always readv. Besides this the fleet of tug boats is equipped with 
every known device for fighting fire from the water front. 

Just how well the company looks after its employees and their interests 
may be gleaned from the fact that it maintains a private hospital and corps 
of physicians and surgeons, with every modern convenience for the treatment 
of the sick and first aid to the injured. Also a pension system has been in- 
troduced by which a person having worked for the company for twenty years 
LMid ha\'ing reached the age of 60 )-ears is entitled to retirement on half pay 
for the remainder of his life. 

Among the other important plants of the company is the one at Tampico. 
Mexico, from which pipe lines are laid to xarious oil producing sections 
throughout the country and to which crude oil for refinement flows directly 
from the wells, the oil being metered so that the flow from each well can be 
properly registered. Many independent oil companies and oil wells are de- 
pendent upon the .Standard for their own existence, the Standard taking the 
floy\' of crude oil in this manner direct from the fields, with little or no expense 
to the well operating companies. Of course, the Standard has many wells of 
its own in the best known oil fields of the country. 




69 



§rhutarHrnltafh, Hubrr Co. 

JN the silk industry of North Hudson the Schwarzenbach-Huher Com- 
pany plays a prominent part. It conducts one of the largest plants 
for the manufacture of broad and novelty silks in the entire country. 
Its magnificent factory is bounded by Highpoint avenue, Spring street, West 
street and Oak street, in \\'est Hoboken. During the busy season it is a 
busy hive of industry, and during the entire year employs a large force of 
men and women in the manufacture and distril)ution of its products. 

Silk manufacturing in North Hudson is conducted along more humane 
lines than it is in some other parts of the country. Manufacturers here 
believe the workers have rights which the employers are bound to respect. 
This is particularly true in the Schwarzenbach-Huber plant, which, although 
it played a prominent part in the last great strike in the silk industry, was 
forced to do so, not because the employees were dissatisfied, but because 
they had been led to believe that the success of the strike in Paterson 
depended upon the paralysis of the industry here. 

The Schwarzenbach-Huber plant is a model one. There is plenty of 
light, air and ventilation. Every precaution is taken to preserve the health 
of the employees as far as the details of the industry will permit. The men 
and women are not herded in the shop like sheep, and wherever it has been 
possible for one machine to do work with fewer attendants that has been 
done. This has not been found to be a short-sighted policy for the reason 
that where the work can be done with fewer employees the air is better, 
the employees are more wide awake, there are fewer accidents and less 
misery than where the workers are crowded together in small space with 
little breathing and working room. 

Everything about the big mill is designed on the safety first idea. Espe- 
cially is this true in the precautions that have been taken against fire. While 
every floor is equipped with automatic sprinklers, there is also a trained fire 
department, fully equipjsed with hose, hook and ladder, etc., for quick work 
in the case of conflagration. Every man of the fire department knows his 
post in case of fire, and there is little likelihood of any conflagration gaining 
much headway at any time when the men are at work. 

It is a policy of the company to keep the mills going the entire year, 
except such time as is necessary for stock taking, if possible. There are 
seasons of the year when ordinary work is slack, when to keep the mills 
running means the investment of large capital without adequate returns 
for the time being, when the mills are run at a positive loss because money 
which is handed out in wages and salaries would be drawing interest if 
allowed to accumulate in bank, but the managers recognize the fact that to 
keep good employees they must keep them engaged, and that the workers 
have to live throughout the year, the only means of subsistence being the 
wages they receive. 

There is an organization at the Schwarzenbach-Huber Companv plant 
such as would be hard to duplicate in any place run along lines of less 
efficiency^ It is the effort of the managers to keep this organization intact. 
To do this they must keep fairly steady employment. So they have men 
designing novelties in the silk goods line. These novelties are manufac- 
tured and pushed upon the market. It is true of the company that the 
most of these novelties are accepted by the public and find a readv sale. 
This shows a remarkable grasp of public opinion. 

Visitors interested in the process of silk making are made welcome at 
the plant and are shown around by courteous men employed for that pur- 
pose. Many visitors have said that a visit to the plant was interesting, not 
alone from the class of goods manufactured, but from the fact there is kept 
a high class of workers who are as courteous to the visitor as it is possible 
for them to be and keep their work in hand. 

70 



B. .^ H. -§fmttn Cn. 



A 



LWAVS of ahsurbing; interest In Xmtli lluilsnii is the (leveldpiiient 
of the silk mamifaeturing l)iisincss, in which the R. I'v: 11. Simon 
C'om])an\- of Union llill and h'aston, Penn., has played an important 
part. This firm is anmng' llu' must iJrogressiNc and largest employers of 
labor in L'nion llill. and as sncli lia> been an important factor in the indus- 
trial dc\clopnu-nt of that town. It employs rit the pix'sent lime, ;ind ha,> 
eniploved constantly ft)r the ])ast several years, an average of 2,500 |)eople. 
.\ visit to the factory, a survey of its products and a study of industrial 
C(_)nditions there alone can gi\-e an ade(|na.tc idea of the immensity of the 
enteri)risc. 

The variet\- of the work turned out at this establishment is in itself 
mar\ellous. Here dress silks, ribbons, lining silks, tie silks and velvets 
are all manufactured under one roof. The ribbons, silks and velvets are sold 
under the trade name "Regatta." and they have attained an enviable reputa- 
tion on the market which makes them always in demand. The care taken to 
have the best efforts of every employe engaged in each particular line put 
into the goods manufactured is responsible for the excellence of the products. 

The R. & H. Simon Co. factory is a model one in every respect. Every 
care has been taken to make the emplo_\es comfortable in their work. From 
the heads of the concern down to the office boys, every courtesy is demanded 
and enforced. The casual visitor is at once impressed with the refine'l 
atmosphere of the place, which extends into every department. The firm 
has always endeavored to employ only the highest class of skilled labor, 
and the slovenly workman has 110 place on the payroll. JVfuch care is 
taken with learners, and their instruction is always in the hands of experi- 
enced, careful and competent workers. By this method a splendid organ- 
ization of silk-makers has been perfected, each taking an interest in his or 
her work which would hardly be possible under other conditions. 

Officers of the R. it H. .Simon Company are: E. M. Simon, president; 
Charles W. Muller. \ice-president ; Egoii Ebert. second ^•ice-president and 
treasurer; (1. IJixler. secretary'. All are public spirited and always ready to 
iielp in anything which makes for the betterment of North Hudson. .Such 
firms and such men as this are creditable to any community and deserve 
highest commendation. 




iEftling & §rhnpn 

AM( )X(; the foremost manufacturers of broadsilk in Xorth Hudson is the 
firm of Reiling & Sohoen. Hackensack plankroad. l^etween I'ahsade 
and Clinton avenues, West Holsoken. This is among the most im- 
portant of North Hudson industries, the firm employing in its West Hohoken 
mill from 500 to 550 hands the year around and the aggregate payroll amount- 
ing to some $300,000 annually. 

I-5esides the West Hoboken mill the firm also operates the Peterslnirg 
^ilk mill at Scranton, Pa., and the Penikees mills at \alley Falls, R. I. Rut 
11 i> of the West Hoboken mills that detailed mention is here made. The 
members of the firm are Joseph L. Reiling and Carl Schoen. The firm was 
established in 1893 under the name of Reiling. David & Schoen, but it was 
changed in 1908 to its present name. All classes of broadsilk are made here, 
including tie goods, dress goods, dress trimming, etc. 

Cenerallv the work in silk mills is dependent upon fashions and seasons 
because the 'manufacture of these goods is thus dependent, but Reiling & 
Schoen have established a reputation of keeping help engaged the year round. 
The firm anticipates demand by creating and manufacturing novelties. It 
employs a large staff of designers and produces original designs in fabrics 
which' vie with and often surpass imported silks. The capacity of the local 
mill is 1,000,000 yards of broadsilk goods a year, while the total capacity of 
all the mills operated by the firm is 3,500,000 yards. 

In the local mill the motto of the firm for all employees has been "safety 
first." To this end the mill has a complete fire department of two comjianies 
of twentv-two men each. It has an equiiiment capable of throwing three 
one and cine-eighth inch streams over the roof of a five-story building at the 
rate of 750 gallons per minute. There is also a complete automatic sprinkling 
department, which, in case of extensive fire, would effectually check the spread 
of the flames. There is an underground reservoir with a capacity of too.ooo 
o-allons for the use of the fire comi)anies at an_\ time they may be called into 
action. Ample fire escape facilities, in accordance with the latest require- 
ments and regulations of the State Department of Labor have been recently 
constructed and installed. 

Both Messrs. Reiling & Schoen have been prominent in furthering the 
industrial interest of silk goods manufacturers throughout the country. Mr. 
Schoen was foremost in the formation of the LInited States Conditioning and 
Testing Company, of wdiich he i> a director. This company is a mutual 
undertaking and is the final arbiter in controversies over grades and con- 
<litions of raw silk. Every concern in the manufacture of silk goods recog- 
nizes its status and virtuall}- all ^ilk manufacturing concerns utilize its 
facilities for making their tests. 

.Mr. Reiling is a prominent member of the -Silk Association of America 
and twd \-ears ago made an e.xhaustixe rejjort regarding tie silks, which 
shii\vc<l his thorough understanding of the subject of silk manufacturing 
throughout the countrv. In this report he touched upon the pniblem of costs 
and prices which affect every manufacturer, scored the ridiculously low prices 
at which some firms put their goods upon the market and said that if every 
manufacturer would have enough moral courage to refuse a few orders at 
the prices prevalent at that time, prices could easily be raised to a basis wdiere 
the industr\- would recei\e the returns to which it is entitled. 

At the time of this rejxirt the knit tie and tubular tie were in \'ogue and 
this, it was stated, had reduced the demand for tie silks by about thirty jier 
cent. The report predicted the early abandonment of the knit and tul)ular 
tie as a fashionable adjunct to the refined wardrobe and this prediction has 
been so completely borne out that the demand for tie silks during the past 
year has been perhaps the greatest in the annals ,,\ the silk industry. 



72 



/•<t!l '' all the business institiUions in North lludstm none is more important 
I|LJ than the Robert Reiner Importing Company, the largest importer and 
^-^ ili>trihutor oi embroidery machines in the United States. The main 
lactorv is located at 556-562 Gregory avenue, corner HackcnsacU plankroad. 
W'eeh'avvken, and here not only are found a wonderful array of the Vogtlan- 
dische shuttle embroidery machines, of which the company is the sole agent 
in America, but repairs are also made and parts furnished and manufactured. 

Mr. Reiner, who has introduced into this country almost every machine 
used in the domestic manufacture of embroidery, is tirm in the belief that 
the ical centre of embroidery in the world is shifting to America. Early 
in the great European international war he declared that even with an early 
cessation of that conflict Euro])eans could ne\er catch up vv th the tre- 
mendous and growing demand on this side of the .Xtlaiitic. 

Mr. Reiner announces that his company is a.m])ly prepared for this expan- 
sion. It has more than $100,000 worth of machines ar.d machine parts in its 
demonstrating and storage plants in Weehavvken. No .\merican manufacturer 
need -'ufifer for lack of repair parts, accessories and attachments because the 
company accumulated a large stock before the war. and can make immediate 
shipments at any time desired. 

The Rol:ert Reiner Importing Company's demonstrating ]>lant in W'ee- 
hawken is the largest of its kind in the world. It was erected solely to show 
what the Wigtland machine will do. Prospectixe purchasers may here 
actually test a machine before buying and actually see their own work being 
made up into the finished article.. Besides demonstrating, this part of the 
[■veiner ]ilant serves as a show room for the man}' machines ready for immediate 
delivery. 

Owing to the rapid expansi(^n and to anticipate the growth of the domestic 
embroidery industry-. President Reiner annotmces that his company is now 
ai)proving plans for the erection of another building to be located directly 
opposite the present offices and demonstrating plant. The big structure 
recently erected by the company on the Hackensack Plankroad has been 
sold to the American Embroidery Manufacturing Cor])oration. West Hoboken. 
and the Hoagland-Ligety Co., also of that town. 

The Reiner demonstrating plant is a veritable wonderland of science. In 
regularly soldierly files are seen numerous embroidery machines represent- 
ing the latest inventions of the greatest mechanical experts. A marvel of 
ingenuity is the new \"ogtland fifteen-yard shuttle machine. C)perated by a 
high-speed \'ogtland-Zahn automat. This is the largest and most complete 
design of embroidery making machine ever manufactured. It is a source 
of never ending wonder to those who see it in operation. Ten-yard machines 
are also set up and working, on exhibition for all interested. 

That domestic embroidery works have already made noticeable inroads 
u]Jon the industry- abroad is shown by a recent issue of a Sw^iss newspaper, 
which charges that the \'ogtland machine manufacturers have serioush- 
injured the Saxon and Sw'iss embroidery- industries by the importation of 
machines to this country. Switzerland has long been the acknowledged 
centre of the European emljroidery industry, and in this complaint a great 
triljute is paid to the enterprise of American manufacturers. 

The Robert Reinef Importing Companv's business is national in scope. 
-Machines imported bv this company are in daily^ use in various parts of 
New York. New^ Jersey, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Missouri, Maryland and other 
states, as well as in Canada, and South America, where the embroidery- industrv 
has achieved any considerable proportions. 



U3r5t ijDlmkru I^Cnurltii au^ tmbrntiirrij Hlorks, 3ur. 

^rill", W'l-st [4(il)i)ken Xcncltv and Enibniider}- Works. Inc.. has made a 
ill tield tdr itself in the manufacture i>f novelty embroidery in a section 
^^ which is regarded as an embroidery center by buyers and makers in 
all parts of the countrw The ideal factory building which houses this indus- 
tr\- is at 811-817 Walnut street, West Hoboken. It is owned bv A. Rohner. 
who established the business December I, igi^. The pruperty is icoxioo 
feet, and it is the boast of the owner that it is the most up-to-date emliroidery 
plant in the world. It has living apartments above, which are also fitted up 
in the very latest manner. 

The concern is incorporated for S50.OCO, 449 of the 500 shares Ijeing- 
owned liv Mr. Rnhner. whn is president of the corporation. Fritz Kruesi, 
who is secrela.r\- and treasurer, holds fifty shares for profit-sharing 




purposes. The firm was the first inipurter of the fifteen-yard pantograph 
machines, manufactured in Switzerland, which ha\e prtned a great success 
from the start. 

Alfred Rohner, president, was connected with S. (lalle & Co., wholesale 
cheese importers, Xew York, as credit man for eighteen years prior to estab- 
lishing this concern. The embroidery line is not new to him, however, he 
having been connected with that line in Europe, as will as in this country. 
Kruesi is the designer for the concern. He was in business on his own 
account before he made connections with Mr. Rf)hner. His services as a 
designer were much sou.ght h\' embroidery manufacturers who did an exclu- 
si\e business, and Mr. Fiohner feels that in him he has made a splendid 
acquisition to his concern. Mr. Rohner is optimistic, and thinks the perif.d 
of depression we are passing through is at the worst onl\- temporary. He 
expects a great Ijoom in the embroidery l)usiness in the near future, and is 
receix'ing two fifteen-vard automatic machines from Switzerland. 



74 



M. Irfti 



^i \ IS Udt grncrally knuwii lliat al least in one of the (.'iiibi'ciidei'}- plants 
^1 ol" North Hutisoii every care is taken to make the products equal in 
'^^^ every respect to those of St. (iall, the recognized luiropean centre of 
embroidery excellence. Reference is made to the plant of M. Ilefti, 3)^1-387 
Summit Avenue. West Hoboken. N. J., with New York offics at 1133 Broad- 
way, N. Y. City. 

Mr. Hefti has operated this plant since 1909. He is a native of St. (Iall. 
and in common with most young men of that district, was apprenticed to an 
embr( )idery manufacturer. 

While vet a young man he became general manager of an embrniderv 
factory with an interest in the concern. In this posilicm he visited the English 
and French markets with acknowledged success. 

Subsequently he came to America as representative of St. Gall manu- 
facturers, visiting most of the large trade centres east of the Mississippi of 
United .States and Canada, repeating his success obtained in the English 
markets. \\'hen he decided to start in business himself, he had little difhculty 
in obtaining audiences from the largest buyers. 

It is generally conceded that any goods bearing the HEFTI trade mark 
are of the best. He operates a number of the new automatic machines, which 
have set a new standard for uniform and perfect work. The working people 
m his factory are of the best obtainable, and are paid liberal wages accord- 
ingly. The factory itself is considered a model in regard to light, cleanliness 
and perfect sanitary arrangements. Mr. Hefti champions quality in work 
and ])attern, because he asserts this to be the only way to develop the em- 
broidery industry on healthy, substantial lines, creating a more stead}", al! 
the year around demand for domestic embroideries. 

\\'e beliexe his success to be the l:)est prO(if of the correctness of his 
contention. 




3, 1^, Mmpm iurinu Qlontpaug 

AAK )X(j the yciunger and more ])rogressive Inisinesses of North Hudson 
is that of the t. P. Maupai IJyemg Company, at 620628 Thirteenth 
street. West Xew York. This compan} was established April i, 1913, 
employs fifty people and has a capital of $15,000. Its business is that of 
dyeing artificial and natural silk of domestic manufacture only. 

This company is the outgrowth of the firm of Schmitt & Alaupai. which 
was started in 1889 at 2^2 East Forty-third street. New York. This partner- 
ship was dissolved in April, 1894. In November of the same vear F. P. 
Mau|)a.i again began business, this time at 585 Hudson street. New York, 
and in 1905 it became necessary to move into larger quarters. The firm then 
moved to 616-618 \\'est Forty-fourth street. New York, where it continued 
until the organization of the present company. 

I'or a long time Mr. Maupai had kept his eye on North Hudson. He 
knew there was an extensive field for his endeavors here. When the com- 
pany was organized it settled in West New \'ork, where it is the intention 
to remain. Principal patrons of the company are local silk mills. 

Officers of the company are: President and treasurer. V. P. Maupai; vice- 
president. E. E. Mau])ai. 

In this connection may be mentioned the progress of F. P. Maupai. 
founder of the company. He came to America thirty-one years ago, and 
was taught the dyeing business by an old and experienced (jerman dyer in 
Jersey City. He later worked in, Philadelphia. He came to New York in 
1887, worked in the best dye houses there and established himself in business, 
as stated, in 1889. 

His si.in, E. E. Maupai. learned his trade in Germany. Switzerland and 
France. The comjtany has .American. English. Belgian and German patents 
for blending artificial silks and siiecial methods for d_\-eing the same. 




76 



IVllman lUitnk HUfarhny Citm^iany 

5'r IS ii'H i^ciK-ralh kiiiiwii llial in Xurlli lIudMJii is located uiu- (it ihc 
iiiiist inipdrtant textile iiidiistfies diitside nf silk manufacture in the 
cnuntr\'. Vet this is the ease, the concern being the liellman I'.rook 
Fdeacher\- C/onipanv at Fairvicw. 'J'he business carried on b}- this company 
incluiles the bleaching, mercerizing, dyeing and fniishing of cotton goods in 
the jiiece. Its ^lperations are so extensive that it re(|uires the assistance of 
2J5 employees. Hundreds of thousands of ilollars worth o| cotton goods 
are handled in the course of a year and the bleachery is one of the busy hives 
of industr\' in the countw which, because of its location, is hidden Iriini the 
ordinar\- ol>ser\'er. 

The plant occupied b_\" the I'lellnian llrook l!leacher\- L'onipan\ is a large 
one. It is just off the Hackensack I'lankroa.d in Fairview. Many who travel 
this road by trolley, auto or other means have wondered what the big jdant 
was and what was done there. If they happened to be about at the time of 
I'pening or closing the mills they saw an army of workmen such as they 
supposed could hardly exist outside of the l)ig cities or more thickh' settled 
communities. 

The Bellman Hmok Bleachery C'ompany was organized in 1905. It laid 
its base of operations along the little known Bellman Brook in Fairview, 
from which brook it takes its name. The concern is capitalized for $400,000. 
The stock is principally owned by its officers, wln) are all actively interested 
in the condtict of the business of the ])lant. These officers are: President. 
Benjamin I. \\'ard : treasurer, George \'an Keuren ; secretary. H. W. Beecher. 
These gentlemen are all well known in the business world. 

It is mostly because of the fact that their work is done for the trade and 
general advertising has not been recpiired that so little is known of the firm 
outside of its own particular working ground in Hudson County. .Among 
cotton goods manufacturers the firm is known far and wide. It is said that 
its processes for the work for which the conipanx' was organized are among 
the most a<h-anced in the entire country. This must be so liecause the com- 
pany has the work ot si > nian\' manufacturers of cotton goods to finish. 



(EuUtmlna ^ilk Surinij Mnrlui 

'•'I X none of the bigger concerns of the kind in the country is more care 
^1 or pride taken in the work than that done by the Columbia Silk Dyeing 
^^ Works of 316 Barclay street. West Hoboken. As a consequence the 
work of the concern has grown to splendid proportions since the erection of 
the plant a few years ago. .\ good deal of the silk made in North Hudson 
is dyed at this plant, and there are also customers from othc-r points where 
silk is made. 

The Columliia Silk Dyeing Works is splendidly equipped for the dyeing 
of silks of all kinds. The plant is not so large that a certain formula is used 
for big batches, trusting to the quality of the goods to take the colors properly. 
Every piece of goods brought to these works is examined carefully with a 
view to seeing how best it can be treated to obtain desired results. 

Because of this great care the silk dyed here is generally recognized among 
silk manufacturers as being dyed the best that skill and science can devise. 
Some manufacttirers believe it necessary to give the dyers instructions in 
their work, but those who deal with the Columbia people know that such 
instructions are not necessary there. 



77 



^jy I I I-; jersey City Poster Advertising Lompany was established in 1S57 
lj[ !)}• A. P. Rikeman, who was succeeded l)y Rikeman & O'Mealia, and 
^^ later was incorporated as The Jersey City Billpostiiig, Display Adver- 
tising and Sign Company, with James F. (J'Mealia as president and H. F. 
O'Mealia as secretary. Later the name was changed to The Jersey City Poster 
Advertising Company. The business extends throughout Hudson County, 
with connections over the entire State of New Jersey. The connections also 
enable the company to cover the entire United States, Canada, Cuba, Hawaii 
and the Philippines. 

The company advertises Jersey City as "The Gateway to New York," 
and claims to have the greatest railroad showings in the world. In all its 
advertising matter, sent broadcast throughout the United States, it always 
endeavors to boom Jersey City. It owns 1500 large bulletins and billboards 
with a co\'ering surface of 100,000 square feet. 

The allied companies include the Jersey City, North Hudson, Bayonne, 
Hol)oken, Hackensack, Monmouth, .\sbury Park and Paterson Poster Ad- 
vertising Companies, and cover all trunk line railroads and terminals, all 
suburban railroads and terminals, all ferries to New York City from Jersey 
City, all large cities, all connecting trolley lines, the counties having the 
largest population in the State and the most prosperous towns with more 
than half the population (jf New Jersey. 

The company is in the metropolita,n district. The farthest town is 
within f(irlv-five minutes from Broadway. More people reside in this 
district wlm do business in New York City than reside in New York City 
itself. 

The railroad showing covers the Pennsylvania, Erie, Central of New 
lersev. West Shore and Lackawanna Railroads and their connecting lines, 
the Baltimore and Ohio, Philadeljihia and Reading, Lehigh X'alley, New- 
York, CJntario and A\'estern, .Susquehanna, Morris and Essex, Newark and 
New York, New York and Long Branch, Northern of New Jersev, New 
fersev and New York, and New York and Greenwood Lake Railroads. 

The billboards are all in prcjuiinent locations on boulevards, principal 
thoroughfares and drives and on trolley lines leading to all ferries to New 
Ynrk City, Brddklxn, Staten Island, Newark and suburbs, Rutherford, Pas- 
saic and Paterscjn. The population of this territory is composed of pros- 
perous, well-to-do people who appreciate billboard advertising. 

The company does house-to-house distributing. A regular force m' 
distributors wi^irks under the personal supervision of experienced foremen. 

It is a sign painter, and its bulletins are displayed in equally good posi- 
tions as its billboards. It employs only first-class painters. 

The cities and towns, with railroad showings, covered by the allied 
companies, follow: Jersev Citv District. — Jersey City, Bayonne, ^\'est Ho- 
Ixiken, West New York, Union Hill. Guttenberg, A\'eehawken, Homestead. 
New Durham, Tyler Park and Secaucus. Hoboken District. — Hoboken, 
Hackensack District. — Hackensack, Englewood, Fort Lee, Hasbrouck 
Heights, Kingsland, Leonia, Little Ferry, Lodi, Lyndhurst, Bogota, Carl- 
stadt. Cherry Hill, Coytesville, East Rutherford, Edgewater, iMaywood, 
Grantwood. Palisades Park, Ridgefield Park, Ridgefield, Tenafly, Teaneck, 
\Vestwood and Fairview. Keyport District. — Keyport and Matawan. As- 
bury Park District. — Asbury Park, Ocean Grove, Bradley Beach. Avon, 
Belniar, Spring Lake, Point Pleasant, Como. Sea Girt, Manasquan, Allen- 
hurst and Tom's River. 

James F. O'Mealia, present owner, is one of the best-known men in 
Jersey City. He is a leading member of the P>. P. < ). F. He is a hundred- 
point man in anything he undertakes. He acts his thought, and thinks little of 
the act. This has been ablv demonstrated bv the remarkable progress of 
the company. He is a member of the Jersey City Chamber of Commerce. 



Jj^^^p^u^^^t ICamp aiiii Win (En. 




A 



\l(i\'(i ihe largfer inanu- 
factiii'iiiij plants of North 
1 iiidsDu is tliat of tlie In- 
ck-])i'niK'iU I, am;) and Wire Co. 
In.'., at 53'')-538 Gregory Ave- 
nnc, Wcehawken. This com- 
>anv, organized and incorporated 
nndcr tlic laws of Xew Jersey 
in ii)iJ. condncts two factories, 
I re at \'ork, I'a., and the otlier 
Iktc. The com])any is incor- 
piiratcd for $1,700,000. employs 
ill its local jilant 300 people, and 
has sa'e offices in all the large 
litic^i of tlie country. 

in the \\ cehav\ken liranch 
. re manufactured drawn wire 
I imgsten lani]is for train hgln- 
ing. autoniol)ilc head lights, 
signs, etc., and the regular hun|)s for illuinination of huildings. At York, Pa., 
asbestos insulated magnet wire for electrical machinery, field and armature coils 
are made. The ^^'eehawken hrancli was formerl}' the plant of the Heany Lamp 
Co.. which business was taken over l)\ the neve comj^anv. 

.^iinie of the largest steam and electric railroads, also leading manufactur- 
ing industries, use the products of this company, which S])eaks for their high clas... 
Instead of siJeiiding large sums for advertising it has been the policy of the 
president, Xathan Hofheinier, to pay high salaries and wages, thus insuring 
the best products. Under his management and that of (ieneral Manager D'-. 
A. J. Liebmann a sjilendid engineering organization has been built up. 

( )fficers of the company, besides those mentioned, are: vice-president, E. 
R, Campbell; secretary-, R. R. Dana; treasurer, R. K. Dana. The director.s 
are: Xalhan Hofheinier. F. 11. Stew;'rt, Lester Hofheimer, G. VV. Dewey and 
E. R. Canipbcll. 




79 



Amrrirau IGraii l^nxni (Enmpauij 

^^ HE factor)- of the American Lead Pencil Company, located at Fifth, 
llL Clinton. Grand streets, and Willow avenue, is the oldest factory in 
^^ the United States, manufacturing a complete lead pencil. It was estab- 
lished about the year i860, and comprised at that time, one small building, 
located on the corner of Fifth and Clinton streets, which still stands, and is 
known as Building No. i. Since that time the growth of the factory has 
been a steady one. until at this time Building No. 21 is being erected. 

As the business grew from a comparatively small beginning, so has the 
number of employees. .At this date there are employed bv the company 
over 2,000 people. 

In addition to the manufacture of complete lead pencils. the\' also manu- 
facture penholders, rubber erasers, rubber bands, compasses, and kindred 
novelties. ,\11 these goods are subdivided into many styles and classes — 
for instance, there are manufactured in the Hoboken factory alone, over 500 
diflFerent grades, classes and styles of black lead pencils, ranging from the 
ordinary kind to tlie very finest made anywhere in the world, namely, the 
"\'enns" Pencil. 




The graphite for these pencils comes chiefly from Bohemia and Mexico, 
the clay also from Bohemia, and the cedar from the company's forests in 
Tennessee and other Southwestern states. The rubber used for rubber tips 
on pencils, rubber erasers, and rubber bands, comes chiefly from Brazil. The 
graphite, clay, cedar and rubber are all received at Hoboken in the raw or 
natural state, and the complete work of manufacture of the lead pencils from 
their very inception, is done in the numerous departments of the company's 
factory. 

The crowning victory of the products of the .American Lead Pencil Com- 
pany Hoboken factory was the introduction of the "\'ENUS" Pencil, which 
today holds first place in pencildom the world over. No other American 
manufacturer has a pencil like it. It is made in seventeen different degrees — 
from the very softest to the very hardest known — as well as two copying 
degrees. 

In addition to the large factory at Hoboken. the American Lead Pencil 
Company has offices in Europe, four lumber mills in the South and South- 
west, and a factory in London. England, where certain European wants are 
taken care of. 



80 



Hrrntau (E. ^trtuhnff 



^■r ( ) Hermann C. Steinhotif. whose hot houses and place of business are at 
l|i •,/?• Hudson Boulevard. West Hoboken. belongs a place among the 
^^ leading florists of Xorth Hudson. His business is one that has been 
firmly established for many years past and one which will be conducted for 
many years to come because of its magnitude and prt)niinence. 

Mr. Steinliofl:' may also be classed as a progressive florist. He is one of 
those men naturally born for the work of a florist, and if he had the capital 
and backing necessary, there is no question that he would be the Luther 
Burbank of the fraternity of florists in this section. He is continually making 
improvements through experiments and the flowers and potted plants he 
raises are well known in the luetropolitan markets where he has a verv large 
trade. 

Of course, in common with other florists, Mr. Steinhoff caters to the 
markets and to the fashions in flowers, but while doing so he does not forget 
that every little while something of a new nature in horticulture is advanced. 

A pleasant half hour may always be spent with Mr. Steinhoff when he 
is at his place of business. His one hobby is flowers and plants. He under- 
stands them thoroughly. He knows their habits. He treats them as humans. 
He nurses and pets them — and they respond to his treatment by being 
bounteous in their reproduction. He has some interesting plants and is al- 
ways willing to show them and give their history to any one interested in 
his line of work. 



IGpuitB iHax 



IC 



fiMliM 




I'.W'IS .\1.\X was born in Russia, 
May 15, 1864. His parents were 
Harry and Rose Max. His 
father died when Lewis was but five 
years of age. He started to work as a 
mason's helper when a mere boy and 
has received no education except what 
he has learned through actual business 
experience. 

He has risen to a position of prom- 
inence in Jersey City's business world, 
is well known in charitable circles, is 
a member of the (ierman Hospital 
and many other organizations and in- 
stitutions. He is president nf the Clinton .Amusement and Improvement 
Compan\- and a directnr nf the Denver Consumptixe .Sanitarium. He is 
among the largest jjroperty owners and realty dealers in Jersey City. 

When Mr. Max arrived in America he settled in Jersey City and secured 
work as a glazier on a large farm. Since then his progress has been remark- 
able, the more so because he has always been a liberal man, and any charitable 
movement of any importance will usually find him a supporter. 

He has bulit up a big business in glass at 52-56 Greene street, and nine 
years ago he purchased the old \'reeland estate on Bergen avenue, Jersey 
(_"ity. and has converted it into a handsome home. His work is found in 
many large buildings in Xew York and throughout the country. 

Besides his own he has raised two families, one his brother's and one 
his sister's, who both died while the children were young. There has never 
been any distinction between these and his own children and they yet dwell 
together in perfect harmony. His hobby is his home. 



81 



(iarimrr Sc Mttks (Eo. 



-jr Hl*^ history uf the Gardner & Meeks Company, retail dealer in lumber, 
ll is \v(>rth\- nf much more extensive sjjace than can be given it in a work 
^^ sucli as this. Fnunded in i85_'. it is the second oldest concern of its 
kind in Hud.son County. Its operations have carried it thmugh the great 
civil war of 1861 to 1865, during which time it escaped the fate of so many 
enterprises which were forced to the wall. 

From the inception of the business, which was founded by Robert Gardner, 
it has flourished. Year after year has added to the general popularity of 
the firm among contractors because satisfaction was sure by dealing with 
the concern. It has always maintained an integrity second to nunc in the 
county and that integrity is carefully preserved by its present i.'fhcers. 

The main office and yards of the company are located at Hudson avenue 
and Union street. Union Hill. Besides this there is a dock and storage yard 
at Guttenberg. At both the main yard and storage yard there is always 
a large stock of lumber constanth- on hand. \\'here in stressful times other 
companies have compelled patrons to wait until their orders could first be 
obtained, the (jardner & Meeks Company cnuld always deliver promptly any 
order left with it at any time. 

There are twenty-four emjdoyees of the firm and lhe_\' are grouped into 
an organization of the utmost efficiency. That is one of the strong points 
of the Gardner &: Meeks Companv, and it is because of efficiency in manage- 
ment and efficienc}- in the disposition of its workmen that it has weathered 
the storms of hard times and the fair weather of business prosjierity with- 
out ever once having its integrity impaired. 

When it was organized the office of the company was in Hoboken. 
liut it was later moved to Union Hill and it has been at its ])resent loca- 
tion for a numlier of vears past. Being centrally located it is in a position 
to give the nidst excellent service to its patrons, a fact which is generally 
appreciated b\- contractnrs and others wlm want lumber when they want 
it. Because of this fact the lousiness has grown and is growing as prolialdy 
no other lumber supply firm in the countv has grown. 

At present the firm is entirel\- in the hands of the Meeks family. The 
officers are: President and treasurer, Hamilton \'. Meeks; vice-])resident, 
Clarence G. Meeks; secretary, Howard \". Meeks. Each of the officers has 
his w<irk cut out for him and strict performance of that work is required. 

'I'lie members of the firm are li^•e, wide-awake citizens. They are all in- 
terested in town betterments and municipal improvements. Hamilton ^^ 
Meeks has been vice-president of the Htidscin Trust Compan_\- since its organi- 
zation. He is a member of the board of trustees of that financial institution. 
He has been president of the New Jersey Lumbermen's Protective Associa- 
tion. He is foremost in many projects for the improvement of the commun- 
ity. He has never dabbled in politics for his own aggrandizement, but he 
has always taken a keen interest in good government, in county, state and 
nation. 

Clarence G. Meeks is a member of the board of managers of the Hoh(_)ken 
Bank for Savings, the only strictly savings bank in the county. He is a 
trustee of the New Jersey Lumbermen's Protective Association. He is also 
keenly ali\'e to the benefits of good government and his influence is always 
found on the side of what he believes to be right in political affairs. To a 
large degree he is independent and progressive, which fact is echoed in the 
business of the (lardner & Meeks Company. 

Financially the Gardner & Meeks Company is one of the soundest firms 
in the coimtry. It has extensive dealings throughout the big lumber pro- 
ducing regions and an order from the concern is regarded as "'good as gold" 
by lumbermen generally. 

82 



CltarlrH Urbrr 




01 



-lARI.ES \\"EP.P:R. who conducts a 
window shade and picture frame 
manufacturing business with a splen- 
ilid and ever growing- patronage at 612 
Washington Street, Hoboken, was born in 
New York City, :\[arch 29, 1859. His edu- 
cation was Hmited and while yet a boy he 
learned the trade of lithographic printer. 
On August 29, 1S92, he established his pre- 
sent business at 518 W'ashington Street. 
On May i, 191 2, it had grown to such 
large proportions that it was necessary to 
seek larger quarters. 

\\r. \\'eber is one of those men one has 
to know to like. The more one knows him 
the better he is liked. He "wears well," as 
the saying goes, and friends Tie has made 
during his long career as an honorable busi- 
ness man are lasting friends. He is a lover 
of art and good books and is never so 
happy as when he can rest from his busi- 
ness cares and indulge in the enjoyment of these two hobbies. 

He is always ready to participate in a movement for the betterment of 
his town and its conditions. He is a member of the Board of Trade and be- 
lieves the city would be better if all the members lived up to the ideals of that 
organization. He believes in jjractical charit\' and is a member of Hoboken 
Lodge, Xo. 74, B, P, O, E., because there he can exercise his charitable in- 
clinations in an imobtrusive way. He does not care to have his name shouted 
from the housetops and prefers honest service to his patrons to pandering 
publicity. He regards photography as one of the highest forms of art and is 
an ardent member of the Hoboken Camera Club. He has some splendid 
photographic studies of his own work in this direction. 




S3 



(^rrat Atlanttr anb Parifir (Eca (JlompantJ 



(^'1 



V A 1.1. the concerns doing business in Hudson County today none is 
lire prominent than the (ireat Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company, 
stores are scattered tliruughi lut the county in places most con- 
venient for thrifty housewives, and it does a general grocery business on a 
magnificent scale which permits buying at prices so comparatively small to 
those charged bv individual grocers that the stores of the company are always 
welcomed in any community and always largely patronized. 

This business was organized in 1859. <is the Great .Atlantic Tea Com- 
pany. It was the first of the great companies doing a grocery business to 
iDecome its nwn jobber to its many branches. Since organization its success 
compelled man\- imitators and now ctitnbinations such as this are quite 
common, but it is notable that the company has always kept in the vanguard 
of low prices to the consumer and with comparatively small ]iublicity has 
grown to its present mammoth ])ri)])ortions. 

The companv is under the contrnl and management of the well known 
Hartford family. The officers are: Tresident. George H. Hartford; vice- 
president, John A. Hartford; secretary, Edward \'. Hartford; treasurer. 
George T. Hartford. The capital of the company is $2,100,000, all paid in. 
None of the stock is for sale. In Hudson county alone there are about 1,000 
emplovees, and one of its jobbing branches for the distribution of merchan- 
dise among its various stores in this vicinity is located in Jersey City. 

To keep the prices down and the quality up has always been the one aim 
of the companw To this has been added a general efficiency and courtesy 
which make it a pleasure to shop at the company stores. In central locations 
where its stores are established there are jolibing houses. These operate to 
keep down e.xpenses much better than if there was Intt one jobbing house, 
'-hipping its goods to all parts of the countr}-. The groceries the comjiany 
hanclles are shipped direct from the factory to these jobbing houses and frLim 
them are distributed to the stores supplied by jobbing branches in so sys- 
tematic a manner that the superintendent of each district can always know 
at a glance just what is needed in the \-arious stores in his jurisdiction. The 
teas are imported direct from the company's own plantations. These are 
distributed to the jobbing houses and again to the retail branches as occasion 
demands. 

^Yith such an e.\tensi\e nrganizalii m and mie central house buving for 
all, it is possible to buy at much closer margins than individual grocers can 
buy. With such gigantic operations the margin of profit in each store is 
kept much smaller than in individual enterprises. \\'ith its own jobbing 
houses the company is enabled to cut out the tniddleman's ])rofit. With all 
these factors working together the com])any can, and does, make the cost to 
the consumer, appreciably less than the indi\idual storekeejier cnuld dn and 
exist. 

The company maintains a sjjlendid publicity organization. Its advertising 
covers a large area, as practicall\- the same prices prevail everywhere the company 
operates. The cost of advertising is large, but it is made infinitely small for each 
individual store because the prices quoted include those offered at all the stores. 
In this manner the cost of advertising is so infinitely small that it does not have 
to be reckoned in the cost and (irofits of goods bought and sold. 

Buying, distributing and selling js carried on so efficientlx that there is a 
minimum of cost in every dei)artment. This also operates to keep down the 
selling price of staple and fancy groceries, teas and coffees. The farm and dairy 
products are handled so that only the best at the very lowest prices are offered 
patrons of the company. Everywhere a strict system of inspection is in vogue 
to .see that nothing but first-class products are sent to the jobbing department for 
distribution among the retailers. 



84 



ilantPB iHrQIaftrrif 



ai 



\MliS McCAFI'"!'. RN'. whci omducts a model bakery at i.^i Munticello 
a\cnuc, Jersey L'itv, is one of those men who has realized that Inisiness 
conditions and ideals ha\e changed and in no business more 



than in 
the preparation of bakestntifs for the community served by him. 

His bakeshop is all that is claimed for it. It is eiitirelv above ground, 
is splendidlv ventilated, is ojierated liy men whose spick and span cleanlines.s 
is the comment of hundreds of visitors who have inspected his shop. Every 
utensil is kept shining and and there is none of that repeated baking without 
washing of various iiatches in one utensil so common among the bakers of 
a few years ago. 

Among the inni i\ atii in> in the modern bakery is an electric mixer ma- 
nipulating as much tiour and dough as a thousand bakers with ten thousand 
wooden spoons could accomplish a few years ago. Machinery vibrating to 
the slightest push of an electric button, is doing the work much better, 
cheaper and in a more sanitary manner than ever was dreamed of by the old 
time baker of but a few years ago. 

The progressi\-e bakers, of whom McCafifery occupies a prominent place, 
have brought together two essential factors for the success of business in- 
telligence and labor with a result that they occupy a position among the 
foremost business men of the county. They bake bread that is plain and 
wholesome and cake made with pure flour, fresh eggs and genuine extract 
flavoring. 

McCaftery is among those bakers who voluntarily spend thousands of 
dollars in machinery and clean surroundings, insuring the public bread and 
cake untouched by human hands in its preparation because they realize that 
it is by this methi>d that they will win the confidence of the public in their 
various enterprises. The boss baker of today, and more especially Mr. 
McCafifery, is a business man, as well as bakers. They sit in their offices 
managing their businesses and they see to it that among their workmen there 
is none of the perspiration and grime with dough and flour clinging to them 
as was the case a few vears a^o. 




85 



Ammon & Jj'J^^ou 



^^ HE FIRAI of Ammou & Person, founded in 1891 b}- W". E. Ammon and 
U^\ \Vm. Person, has done more, perhaps, to popularize the use of Jnitterine 
^^ (official name oleomargarine) than any other manufacturer and handler 
of this product in this country, if not in the entire world. 

From its inception the firm of Ammon & Person began the education of 
the public in the processes which go to make up this product now so ex- 
tensively used as a substitute for butter. They showed how by sanitary 
manufacture a product even more clean and wholesome and altogether better 
for human consumption than ordinary butter could be obtained at a much 
less cost to the consumer. The one product during all this time of this firm 
has been handled under the copyrighted name of Baby Brand Butterine. 
Done up in neat and attractive packages this product has attained a remark- 
able sale throughout the East. 

Some seventy-five employees are necessary to turn out the demanded 
product of Baby Brand Butterine at the present time. The firm is capitalized 
at $100,000.00, all paid up. None of the stock is for sale and the corporation 
is a close one, the business was incorpora.ted in 1908. The officers of the 
corporation are: President. J. J. Baumann : vice-president. C. D. Boyd; sec- 
retary and treasurer. D. \'an Ness Person. 

The office and warehouse of the company are at Fourth and Henderson 
streets. |ersev Citv, and the factories are located in Columl)us. O.. and 
Chicago, 111. Here, under special sanitary conditions Baby Brand 
Butterine is churned. There is no secret in the process of manufacture. 
N'isitors are welcome and shown through the plant at any time. The most 
cleanly conditions pre\ail. The workmen must all be cleanly dressed and 
their hands and persons must be scrupulously clean. Only the best and 
purest of butter oils and fats are used in the manufacture. The finished 
])roduct is moulded in oblong bars and neatly wrajjped in waxed paper, 
placed in an attractive carton and carried to the refrigerating plant where it 
is kept awaiting delivery. 

So poptilar has the use of Baby Brand Butterine become that thousands 
of dealers throughout the East handle and sell this product. The business 
is constantly increasing and more than once the working force has had to be 
added to in order to supply the demand. By the process of manufacture as 
practiced bv Ammon & Person this product is not only attractive to the eye, 
but to the taste as well. Many consumers prefer it to butter. There is none 
of the flat taste which used to characterize oleomargarine when it was first 
introduced. Baby Brand Butterine is a delicacy, as well as a necessity, to 
many well ordered tables. 

Baby Brand Butterine has been recognized by pure food experts as an 
altogether satisfactory substitute for butter because of its purity and whole- 
some ingredients. Chemical analysis has shown it to contain onlv recognized 
liealth-giving fo<idstuffs. Those who have used the product are lotid in their 
praise of it. It has given the utmost satisfaction wherever it has been used. 

The campaign of the Ammon & Person Company has been unique. The 
company came into existence when butterine or oleomargarine was regarded 
as impure, unsanitary and unhealthy. Through persistence in manufacture 
and insistent publicity it has lifted its product to a level where it is highl.- 
respected as a foodstuff of the first quality. Of course, not everyone cares 
to use butterine. but it is no longer objected to on the ground of impurity or 
unhealthiness. Those who are conversant with its manufacture regard it 
as almost as perfect a dairy product as natural butter, and unless the butter 
be of the first quality as even superior to it. for butterine is made bv an 
unvarying formula which insures uniformity of taste, purity and wholesome- 
ness, attributes which are never certain in the most careful manufacture of 
natural butter. 



86 



3f. Hinsmauu 



A\ ISIT to tin- liakrrv fniuluoted by F. Weizmann at 402-406 Hoboken 
avenue, Jersey City, is a revelation to those who have never seen the 
inside of a modern bakery. In the old time bakeshops, the scene was 
on-e which disgusted the man who was particular as to what he ate. Bakers 
in dirty aprons, perspiring freely and with underclothes which reeked with 
filth, kneaded the dough for bread and cake and performed the necessary 
operations for the preparation of bakestuffs. These were then baked in tins, 
swabbed with foul smelling grease and stacked up by hand in dirty places, 
to be delivered for consumption. 

Today all this is changed. Men are attired in the cleanest of aprons. 
IMieir underclothing is clean. Their hands are washed. They are not re- 
quired to touch the breadstuffs by hand. Doughs are thoroughly mixed, cut 
into loaves and tinned l)y machinery. They are placed in the oven in a 
sanitary manner and when removed, are put in the cleanest spots imaginable 
and there kept in a purely sanitary manner for delivery. 

This transformation is found in the Weizmann bakery. Instead oi being 
an underground shop, it is all above ground. There is plenty of air, light and 
ventilation. Anyone may see the interior workings of the place, and visitors 
are welcome. The very sight of the careful cleanliness gives one an appetite 
for foodstuffs as they are now baked. Even the wagons are thoroughly 
cleansed before each trip. The break and cake are carefully packed. There 
is none of the hit-and-miss style of baking and delivering which existed but 
n few years ago. 

Men of Weizmann's stamp are responsible for the changed conditi<3n of 
c'tfifairs. He has gone ahead and built his bakery along the most approved 
modern lines, has made it a model bakery. He has not made much of a stir 
about doing so. but one may rest assured that foodstuffs coming from Weiz- 
mann's are baked, packed and delivered under the most sanitary conditions 
possible. 




«7 



Olhomaa 31. i'truiart (En., 3nr. 

^[% XDOL'IjTEDLV the largest and most ]irogressive business of its kind in 
^|1 Hudson County is that of the Thomas J. Stewart Company, Inc., at Erie 
■^^ and I'ifth Streets, jersey Cit_\'. This is a combination warehouse and car- 
pet cleaning business established b\' Thomas J. Stewart in 1879. From its incep- 
tion the business has steadily grown making necessary increased storage and 
cleaning facilities. Today the business occupies a six-story building. 60x60 feet 
two wings. 20x60 feet and 20x100 feet respectively. There is also a liranch at 
Hroadvvay and h"(irty-sixtli .^trea. .\e\v \'ork City. 

Mr. Stewart was the originator of the storage warehouse and moving van 
business in Jersey City. The success of his enterprise is due to business ef- 
ficiency, rugged honesty, ami an earnest desire to give patrons full value for 
everv dollar expended. It is a business which has grown because of the sterling 
character of the man behin-d it and is founded firmly because builded well. 

The impro\'cd building of the Thomas J. Stewart Company represent", a 
tribute to nearly half a centiu-y of honest endeavor and good, hard, well directed 
work. The comjiany has always operated under its time-honored puzzle (trade 
mark) motto. "Honesty Is the l'>est Polic}." Every business courtesy and 
special advantage offered hv the house is extended to its patrons. There are 
no secrets in the house of Stewart. Anyone who wants to sec how furniture 
and pianos are stored or how carpets, rugs and all floor covering are cleanecl. 
is welcome at the establishment at any time. The building has been erected with 
a special view of facilitating the business of the cimipany. 

The basement floors are paved with a heavy bed of cement ; dust-proof, 
rat ])roof, fire-proof, and water-proof. The other floors are of the most S(^lid 
timbers and iron, including the graceful clock tower which surmnunts the 
building. 

In the basement is a powerful Corhss engine of a most superior make. Xo 
fire is permitted in the buiUling or an\ smoking allowed, which is so often the 
cause of fires ; nor is an\ buiUling better provided with means for extinguishing 
fire should an}- happen to break out. 

In the separate building, wdiich is devoted tn carpet cleaning, are the ma- 
chines and appliances by means of which the work of cleansing and renovating 
is done, S])ecial machinery for Inclia and Ttirkish rugs, draperies and delicately 
woven fabrics. A glance .it the operation of these will convince anybody how 
thorough and perfect is their work. The machinery l:)eats on the back and brush- 
es on the face, acting uniforml)- on every square inch of the fabric. X(j violence 
is done to the face of the car]jet. 

The dust, moths, and refuse bli^wn and driven <nU of the carpets are sent 
through a system of pipes and blowers into a closed room. 

The arrangements for moth-iiroofing carjiets are perfect. This is an im- 
portant consideration for those who are going away for the summer. The com- 
pan\' will take up your carpets, clean every vestige of dirt, moths, etc., from 
them, then b\- a patented process, belonging onl\- U> the company, render them 
thoroughly moth-proof, and store them safely. Then, when >ou want them they 
will he laid in the l:)est st\le for you. all at reasonable cost. 

The storage business includes all kinds. The comijartments are of various 
sizes. Partitions are all of iron. Each room is tightl_\- closed, but perfectly 
ventilated and each lot of goods is stored under separate lock and key. There 
are separate rooms tor pianos, organs, mirrors, bronzes, statuary, bric-a-brac, 
trunks, carriages, in which special care is bestowed on these articles. -\lso rooms 
for general merchandise of every description. 

In the moving of furniture, pianos, etc.. the same care and et¥icienc\' ]ire- 
vail. The vans are padded and enclosed and are in charge of capable and com- 
jietent men. Goods are moved anywhere by road, rail or water. 

In sjjeaking of a business of this nature the man at the helm is to be coii- 
sitlered. Mr. .Stewart was born in New York. November 23rd, 1856. He was 
educated in the public schools of West Hoboken. graduating with the highest 

88 



lienors when but twelve am! a halt years of age. He learned the carpet clean- 
ing business with hi> uncle. Tluimas Marshall Stewart, in New ^'l)rk, starting as 
office boy and being repeatedly promoted until eventually a partner in the busi- 
ness. He is a member of the Carteret and the Down Town Clubs, and of all 
the civic and charitable institutions, including president of Xewman Industrial 
Home; president Team Owners" .\ssu. of Hudson Countv. of lersev Citv. Mr. 
Stewart was married at West Hoboken, X. J., Fel)ruary 12, 1885. to Cornelia 
lianta, (daughter of (ieorge IJ. and Emily I'.anta) the union bringing seven 
children: Thomas J., Jr.: Cornelia: Arthur 1.: Haxel ; Robert ( i. ; and Oliver 
R. Stewart. ( Russel H .Stewart ileceased.) They have a beautiful colonial 
residence in Jersey City. Mr. .Stewart is a Republican in State and National 
politics, but is independent in local offices. He is an ex-vice-president of the 
Board of Trade of Terscv City, now the Chamber of Commerce. 



Amrrtran Nnitrltif JPrinttuii nu^ iEmbnaaing E^orks 

a 1, TOGETHER interesting is the history and business of the American 
I\ Novelty Printing and Embossing Works at Third and Clinton Streets, 
'• ' Hoboken. This business is carried nn by John F. McCowan, ex- 
ecutor of the estate of John McCowan. It consists of printing and em- 
bossing on fabrics manufactured for the domestic wholesale trade, at which 
one hundred employes are constantly engaged. 

The founder of the business, John McCowan, was born at Bar Head, 
Scotland, in 1839. He served his apprenticeship as block printer, the 
main style of textile printing at that time. He came to America in 1868. 
where he also worked as block printer, lie founded the present business 
three years later in 1871, and successfully conducted it until his death 
in 1911. 

John F. McCowan. until his father's death, was general manager of 
'he business, and has had a thorough training and experience in all branches 
of the business. Each department is supervised by a competent foreman 
under the direction of James Dunsmore, superintendent, who has had an 
international experience in the printing and finishing of textiles. 

When the firm was founded it was as a block printing establishment. 
It theit branched out into narrow ribbon, surface machine printing. It 
perfected the narrow warp i)rinting for ribbons, and this gradually developed 
into its largest business. \\'ithin recent years the firm has put in a broad 
silk printing plant for the printing of broad silks, chiffons and warps. 
In 19 10, when the firm bought the present plant, it had four printing ma- 
chines. It now has fifteen machines. It is the largest printer of narrow 
fabrics and warps doing business today. The firm has also intalled, the 
last few years, a large nymlier of other textile machines for the handling 
of broad and narrow fabrics. 

The firm acts as a converter and prints only on other people's fabrics 
which are sent to be printed or con^•erted into artistic designs, such as 
floral effects, stripes, plaids or other designs which the trade may demand. 
It makes a specialty of warp printing with a reputation second to none. 
With the large equipment of machiner\- the firm is able to handle a large 
quantity of material at short notice. 



89 



Nput f 0rk anit Nrm ilprapif (Urrmatnru 

3N a .section like Xurtli HuiIsdii. where magnificent accomplishment is 
tlie rule rather than the exceptiun, it is but fitting that the best equipped 
crematory in the wnrkl should have its home. The New York and New 
Jersey Crematory, situated on the Hudson Boulevard, opposite Humboldt 
street, is all that is claimed for it in this respect and all that the progressive 
management nf a1)le business men can make it. Its magnificent building 
stands far back in an extensi\'e park of five acres, which gives the place the 
atmosphere of some restful institution rather than a place for last sad rites 
!■ ir the dead, yet it fairly breathes that dignity and refinement which we ac- 
!;iir<l lii\-ed ones passed before. 

This building is fittetl up in the most elaliorate manner for the purposes 
fur which it was designed. The company has spared no expense in its 
(■f|uipnienl fdi- |)ro])erly and impressi\-el_\- reducing the bodies of the dead to 




'. . ■"IK.-^^^WT AJtVeCT-" 



ashes. Proper conception of the fitness of the location, the beauty of the 
■juilding and tlie thoroughness of its equipment can be obtained only by a 
personal \isit tn the crematorium itself. 

The main floor of the building is devoted to offices, recepti(_)n hall and 
chapel; the secnnd flour ci intains six colundiaria for the retention of a^hes 
and two waiting rooms ; the basement contains a \-ault for the temporary- 
retention of bodies and adjoining the basement are the retorts. There is 
nothing about the place to suggest or magnify the terrors of death. There 
are no graxes or tombstones in the surrounding grounds, no niches or re- 
ceptacles for ashes exposed to view mi the main floor of the building, and 
the chajiel is provided with an organ, arranged so that such serx'ices may be 
held therein as ma}' he desired. The fee for incineration includes the use of 
tlie chapel, with its noiseless elevator in the centre upon which the coffin is 



90 



])lace(l aiul IhwltccI tu llic retorts. These are imt ignited until tiie cuflin 
containing tlie remains is safely placed therein and Inckcd. Tlins there is no 
flame to be seen or odor to he inhaled, and no one need see the redncing of 
the remains to ashes unless he or she so desires. The heat is generated by 
gas and when turned on averages about 2000° Fahrenheit, so that it requires 
but forty minutes to reduce the average remains of 150 pounds to ashes. 
The onl_\' thing remoxed fi'oni the casket is the name plate, and the casket, 
whether metal or wnod. is placed in the retort and ipnckly disappears. 

After the reduction of the body the ashes are placed in a metal receptacle, 
the name of the deceased endorsed thereon and placed in the vaults subject to 
the orders of the nearest kin. .Appropriate urns are provided by the company 
at a moderate cost, and samples may be seen any day at the crematorium, 
which is always open and may be \'isited at any time. Niches in the colum- 
baria for the retention of urns may be secured at any lime by any one, whether 
the remains were incinerated at this crematorium or not. 

The New York and New Jersey Crematory is reached from New York 
b_v way of any of the ferries and is accessible from the Pennsylvania, Erie. 
T.ackawanna, New York, Ontario and ^^'estern and W'est Shore depots. The 
officers of the company are: John Bruning, president; George H. Steil. vice- 
president; John F. O'Hara, treasurer; Francis H. McCauley, secretary. 




91 



Mntnn Jrnu Mnrks 



A All ).\(.i llic must inipt.rtant indusirifs in the country is the Union lion 
Works, which occupies practically three-quarters of an entire block, from 
565 to 607 Monroe Street. Hoboken. This is a $75,000 company, organized 
in lyoo and incorporated in igo8 imder the laws of the State of Xew Jersey. 
The corporation is a close one, none of its stock being listed for sale anywhere. 
The business done by the company is both enormous and far reaching. It 
employs regularly 100 workers and is one of the verv busv hives of industry 
of the county. 

This company turns out hea\y machinery of all kind for regular and 
special purposes. Its output includes pile driving and excavating machinery, 
road builders' equipment, oil locks, tunnel shields, grout mixers, buckets, cars, 
pipe line supplies, contractors' equipment, special work of all kinds, etc. 

This company began business in the old building of the United Electrical 
company and. as stated, now occupies practically three-quarters of the big block. 
It has one of the most up-to-date machine shops in the entire metropolitan dis- 
trict and is equipped for heavy, as well as light work. The plant also includes 
a forge shop, jjlate shop, etc.. and is thus eipiipped for everything in the iron 
working line. It was the first firm in the country to manufacture double acting 
pile hammers, whicli has made the modern method of building foundations 
practical. 

Some idea of the importance of the Union Iron Works may be found in 
the fact that its proposed equii^nent for raising the Maine in Havana Harbor 
was selected after close study of all available types and makes of machinery de- 
signed for this purpose. This piece of work did much to make the fame of the 
coiiii>any knowvi and was the subject of mucli comment by technical ])a]3ers in 
Europe as well as in the United States. 

The firm supplied two pile drivers for driving the foundations for the Hali- 
fax piers for the Canadian government. These hammers are the largest in the 
world and drove r.ioo 24x24x')0 to qq feet long concrete piles without breaking 
one. 

The firm has branches in Koston, Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, 
New Orleans, Montreal, Toronto, N'ancouver, Dallas, Baltimore, Philadelphia, 
Seattle and Atlanta, besides representatives in twenty-seven other cities in the 
United States and Canada. It exports to every country in Europe and South 
America, also the Far East, Canada and Mexico. It ships to every state in the 
imion and its annual output is enormous. 

With such a business as that of the Union Iron Works there must neces- 
sariK l)e a very efficient organization and it has Ijecn the aim of the company to 
build this up to a high standard of excellence during its whole Inisiness career. 
There has never been any labor troubles with the L'nion Iron Works and there 
never will be so long as the present management continues, for it is the belief 
of those in charge that men and employes are human and should be treated as 
such. Tile officers of tl^ company are : President. M. Schalscha ; secretary and 
treasurer. W. (j. Schalscha. 



92 



1. Atkinsim (En. 




IR 



u 



AkI) A TKINSON, found- 
er <if the Win. II. Atkinson 
L\)mpany Iron Works, at the 
foot of Seventh Street, Hoboken, 
came to New York with his wife 
aiifl two sons from Leeds, h'ng-land. 
in the year 1829, where his father 
had been in business as a millwright 
until his death in 1828. 

In 1833 Richard Atkinson opened 
a small shop in Rector Street, New 
^'ork, as a shipsmith. and through 
his energy this developed into the 
largest business of its kind in the 
harbor at that time, necessitating 
the removal to 54 West Street, and 
the establishment of three branches 
conveniently located along the water 
front. The iron work for manv of 
the American clipper ships, which 
>vere in vogue pre^•ious to the Civil 
War, was made at these shops. In 
1874 Richard Atkinson retired leav- 
ing the business in the hands of his 
son. Thomas W . .\tkin~iai. whu in turn retired in 18S5 ami turned the works 
over to his nephew. \\"m. H. Atkinst)n, who now conducts it. The old West 
Street stand was abandoned in 1888, and the business moved to Fourteenth 
Street, Hoboken. and linally passing to its present location in 1903. where it 
was incorporated. 

During all this time the entire three generations have steadily retained 
the same customers, among them being the North German Lloyd Steamship 
Company, which has remained on the l)ooks for more than fifty years. Be- 
sides the harbor trade, mining machinery, dredges and dredging machinery 
have been built and shipped to all parts of the world. This firm lately built 
the steel work for the largest copper smelting furnace in the world, and the 
conveying machiner\' for handling the outjjut for the same furnace. 




93 



J. IB. Jansscn 



)<yi» W. JANSSEN, a wholesale dealer in dairy products at 316 Garden street. 
Af Hoboken, has shown himself progressive m his line of endeavor. He 
2) • not only operates the main office, located as above stated, but he has 
branches at 155 Eighth street and 255 First street. In his local trade he em- 
ploys about forty men. 

Besides the distributing branches alread}' named he has creamery 
branches at Little York, N. Y. ; Earlville, N. Y. ; Whitney Point, N. Y. ; 
Greene, N. Y., and Delaware, N. J. He takes the entire output of these col- 
lecting branches, distributing them to hotels, restaurants, etc., in Hudson 
County, New York and other nearby localities. His output embraces every- 
thing in the dairy line, butter, eggs, cheese and milk. 

But even with this big business, he is planning greater and better things 
for himself and his business and soon will enter the retail field in a building 
now being erected at 109-111 Grand street. This will be one of the most 
up-to-date plants of its kind in this part of the cotmtry. A special Pasteur- 
ization plant, where this process will be scientifically done, will be among 
the accessories. When this is finished he will incorporate the business, of 
which he is and will remain sole owner, and expects to double its volume, 
which at the present aggregates something like $500,000 a year. 

( )ne of the features of his present business is that he can supply those 
who deal with him with milk at least 24 hours ahead of those competitors 
who receive their milk in bulk and bottle and Pasteurize it at their own 
plants. His milk is all bottled in the country and is brought to the city 
properly iced and refrigerated. It is loaded on wagons directly at the trains 
and the work of distribution is thus done with no time lost. 

Withal he is careful to have only the best and purest of dairy products 
handled by either himself or his men. Cows must be milked by the best 
methods and by the cleanest of workmen under the most sanitary surround- 
ings. His butter and cheese is made in dairy rooms combining cleanliness, 
ventilation and healthy workmen and women. He sees to it that nothing 
comes to him for distribution that will not pass the most rigid inspection. 
His main office and local branches are also models of cleanliness. 

In these days when there is sc much talk about hoot and mouth disease, ar.d 
other diseases which affect cattle and which are communicated through milk to 
human beings, Mr. Janssen's method of obtaining and Pasteurizing milk are 
iiniiortant matters oi considera.ion to every consumer. The cattle on every farm 
o\(,r which Mr. lanssen has control of the output are rigidly and regularly 
inspected for any tract of any kind of disease. Xo pains nor expense are spared 
to protect tilt consumer. 

Ever\ bo. tie of Janssen's milk is perfectly Pasteurized in the coiuitry before 
>h!|)inent. This acts as the most thorough protection of the consumer. \\'ith 
other dealers the milk is sent in cans to the distributors and is Pasteurized by 
them. This gives the germs in the milk a chance to develop for several hours 
before Pasteurization. With Janssen's milk no chance is given the germs to 
ilevelo]) at all. The milk is Pasteurized jiractically as soon as it comes from the 
cow. 

Xot only is the milk sold by Mr. Janssen made doubly safe in the manner 
(lescrihcd. hut thi mode and manner of shipment insure the consumer fresher 
milk than that obtained of the ordinary purveyor of milk, there being at least a 
difference of twenty-four hours in distribution. .\.n\one can readily see the 
advantage of olitaining strictly fresh and perfectly I'asteurizecl milk at the same 
time. It means more wholesome and healthier milk in every way than that 
obtained through the ordinary channels of distribution. 



94 



This extreiiK' care in the milking and Pasteurization of the milk handled hv 
Air. jansscn is characteristic of the man himself. Clean-cut. honest ami whole- 
some in every way, he demands, and obtains, the same characteristics in the 
products he handles. He is a man who himself is satisfied with none but the 
')est and who believes that his patrons are entitled to the best ])roduct and the 
best service it is possible to obtain. He measures the desires of his ])atrons by 
his own characteristic of wanting only the best, and he impresses those witli 
whom Ik- has dealings of bis absolute desire and ability to give them what they 
want. 

Time was when such care as ihis was regarded as only an extra and uuneces- 
-ary expense in production. .Mr. Janssen, however, has worked on the ]5rinciple 
".hat b\' taking extreme caution and letting his i)atrons know he is doing it, and 
why, that his irade would increase and jrofits come in this way quicker and more 
surely than by sa\'ing at the expense of quality and service, which would con- 
tinually liear an ever increasing crop of malcontent consumers. That he is right 
is i)roven by the wonderful increase in his trade, which has not only made his new 
i-.uilding a ])ossibility, but an absolute necessity in order to meet the continually 
nicreasing denian<!s for Janssen milk and Janssen service. 

When Janssen enters the retail field he vx'ill apply his well known service to 
diat branch of the industry. Ilis patrons will be assured of the best, and the cost 
will be no greater than that for the inferior service of some of the com]ietitors in 
the same field. His preparations for this branch of the business are being care- 
fullv made. When completed he will have the most efficient force of men and 
ilrivers ]jossible to obtain. He will conduct it on the same high plane that has 
characterized his conduct of the wholesale industry through all the successful 
\ ears of the past. 

Men like ^Ir. Janssen ami business enterijnses conducted along high class 
lines like his are worth while. It is such men and such industries that lend a 
rone to the community at the same time eleva'dng and praiseworthy. Every such 
man and business has its influence for the betterment of communities. They are 
of the old-fashioned standard of that honor in business affairs ■vlnch are both 
commendable and make for individual success. The man who has a standanl 
( f morals thai dominates his business is sure to be a man respected among his 
fellows. With all Janssen 's ])raiseworth\' characteristics, he is not an austere 
man nor one hard to meet. His great hobby is his business, but he alwa\s has 
time to give a pleasant word to those with whom he comes in contact, although 
be is as busv as a man can well he. 




95 



tiauib iHaurr 



Tr|A\"in MAVMR, pa\vnl>roker at 214 First street. Hobcjken, is one 
Tpl (if those men nne sometimes meets who regards his Inisiness as a part 
'^'^ of himself and who does everything in his power to make that btisiness 
res])ected by all. Mayer believes that his business should be his first con- 
sideration, that the protection of pledges left him by his patrons is of para- 
mount im])ortance. that the ordinary man does not care so much for the man 
with whom lie is dealing as for the manner in which he is dealt with, that 
the more a man does to make his business reputable the larger patronage he 
will get. that honesty and fairness toward those with whom he deals will 
reap its own reward, and that no one can afford, under any circumstances, to 
lose the respect and confidence of those with whom business relations throw 
him in contact. 

With such principles as these the business of l)a\id Mayer has grown 
and i)ros])ered. His business was started in 1890 in Jersey City. It rapidly 
outgrew the limited space he had and he moved to 74 Washington street. 
Hoboken. in 1894. Even this location soon l^ecame too small and he moved 
into his present place of liusiness in 1903. Two years ago he remodeled 
this place at an enormous expense, installing a burglar and fire proof vault, 
the onh- one of its kind in the State of New Jersey for men in his class of 
business. This was done for the protection of pledges left in his care. He 
states that it is a source of satisfaction to hear the man}- complimentary re- 
marks from his patrons regarding the care taken of pledges and the courteous 
treatment received at his hands and those of his employees. 

Courtesy is demanded from everyone about his premises to patrons and 
prospective patrons. All are treated with great courtesy and consideration. 
Mr. Mayer loans money on watches, diamonds and jewelry only. His charges 
are as low as the careful conduct of his business will permit. No pledge is 
ever sold if he sees a chance of the patron redeeming it. Purchasers find his 
place a bargain counter, for he is content with small profits. His treatment 
of patrons is generous in the extreme. All these attributes ha\e combined to 
make the man and jilace of Inisiness of Daxid Mayer regarded highly. 




96 



}p. SJinillar^ OInmpautr 

/.^|\ F all the industries of Hudson County that vi the 1'. I.drillard Com- 
IIlJ pany. nianul'aeturers of more than one hundred and sixty dilYerent 
^-^ brands of snuft', tobacco, cigars and cigarettes, has the most extensive 
and interesting history. 

'Way back in the days before the l\e\olution. while (ieorge Wash- 
ington was still a bo\% the industrial seed was planted which has since 
bloomed into the tremendous plant of the P. Lorillard Company. This 
concern now is not only Jersey City's largest manufacturer and employer 
of men, but one of the world's greatest enterprises. 

The story of this dexelopment down through the years is most inter- 
esting. From the beginning it is one of great success — -of big accomplish- 
ments by each succeeding generation of Lorillards — down to the present 
successful management. 

In 1760 Pierre Lorillard, a French Huguenot, began the manufacture 
of snuff in a mill in the Bronx, New York City. The mill was operated by 
water power and is still standing in what is now the Botanical Garden at 
a point near the Mansion. It is pointed out as one of the original New 
York's oldest landmarks. 

From the year 1800 the direction of the business was carried on from 
Chatham Street, which was at that time the High Road from New York 
City to Boston. This arrangement continued until the usee of the Bronx 
mill was discontinued and the entire business was removed across the 
Fast River to Brooklyn. 

.\t the death of Pierre Lorillard he bequeathed the business to his widow, 
who. in turn at her death, bequeathed it to her two sons, Peter and ( ieorge. 
In 1832 George died, and Peter Lorillard, after managing the already ex- 
tensixe property alone for a time, turned it over to his son and namesake, 
who successfully conducted the business for nearly thirty years. Peter 
then turned it over to his sons, Peter. Jr., and George. 

The ^■ear of 1870 marked a new and important epoch in the concern's 
history. For at that time the Inisiness was entirely removed to in First 
Street, Jersey City — the manufacture of tobaccos was begun in addition 
to that of snufifs — and the present firm name of P. Lorillard Company was 
adopted. In 1884 the firm comprised Peter Lorillard, Peter Lorillard, Jr.. 
N. Griswold Lorillard and Charles Siedler. Mr. Siedler retiring in De- 
cember. 1887. 

In 191 1 the P. Lorillard Co. moved its general offices, together with 
part of its manufacturing plant, to Newark Avenue and Senate Place. Jersey 
Citv. The Lorillard building consists of two wings each six stories high, 
250 feet long and 100 feet wide. Five thousand people are employed in 
this one plant; 3.000 more are given employment at the concern's tobacco 
factory at 1 1 1 First Street and its cigar factory at 104 First Street. 

Thomas T- Maloney, for years prominently connected with the admin- 
istration of Jersey City's affairs, and who has done much in the building- 
up of its working conditions, is now president of this gigantic concern. 
Mr. Maloney became connected with the concern over twenty-eight years 
ago. He is a native of New Jersey and has always been an active cham- 
pion of her interests. 

The P. Lorillard Co. makes more than 160 different brands of tobaccos, 
cigarettes and cigars. 

It is the largest manufacturer of cigars and little cigars in the world. 
This is due partly to the tremendous yearly sales of the famous Rose De 
\'alle high-grade cigars and Between the Acts little cigars. 

This concern is also one of the biggest manufacturers pf tobacco, 
making all kinds of tobaccos, among the oldest being Century and Climax. 
Climax plug tobacco, originated by the Lorillard Co., was the first tobacco 

97 



to which a tin tag was attaclicd as a trade-mark. Centur}-, tine cut. has 
been used Ijv thousands of men throughout their lives. Many of its patrc^ns 
are now between .seventy and eighty years of age. and they are still using 
Century tobacco. 

The cigarette busine?s of the Lurillard LVunpany is also tremendous. 
This is best illustrated in the fact that out of a total increase of two and 
a half billion cigarettes for the year 1913, one and a half billion of thi^ 
increase was obtained by the Lorillard Company. Some of the cigarette 
brands made bv the concern are Egyptian Deities, Turkish Tro])hies. Mogul. 
Murad. Hclmar. London Life. Zira and Nebo. 

Level Head, a prominent brand of chewing and snn)king tobacco, was 
especially put on the market to give the working man the fullest possible 
measure of fine tobacco at the lowest possible price. 

But notwithstanding innumerable such successes, Mr. Maloney was not 
content until he put on the market a high class blended Burley tobacco, 
put up in tins. This was the only kind of tobacco which the I^orillard 
Company did not make, and as there were several brands of this class 
alrea(h- enjoving an extensive sale, Mr. Maloney had an exceedingly difficult 
problem to face, both in obtaining a better blend and creating a market 
for it. 

In the Burle\- mixture which Mr. Maloney named Stag — and in the 
method he adopted in marketing it in tins of half the usual quantity at Sc — 
Mr. Malonev distinguished himself both as an expert lilender and merchan- 
diser of tobaccos. It has been on the market but eighteen months, yet 
its sales during last year compared most favorably with the sales of similar 
tobaccos which have been made and sold for many years. 

Besides the main branch the company owns and operates branches at 
104 and Tii First Street, jersey City; S. Anargyros, 1310 Avenue A, New 
York: Baltimore, Md. ; Wilmington, Del.; Lancaster, Pa.; Richmond, \'a.; 
Middletown, Ohio; the Federal Cigar Company and Luhrman and W'ilbern 
Tobacco Comiiany. 

Such an enterprise as this is of inestimable value to the section in 
which it operates, and much of the prosperity of that section of the county 
is due to the wages and salaries it disburses among its thousands of em- 
ployes. The capacity of tiie main houses and its branches is practically 
unlimited for the supph- of its products, which are recognized intcrna- 
tionall}' as the liest in their line the market can sup|)ly. 




98 



^auagr lakittxj (Unmpauy 

AMUNG the most imi)ortant of tlie sanitary hake shops in iluclson 
County is that conducted l)y the Sa\age liaking- Conipauv at 186 
(irirtitli street, Jersey City Heig'iits. The Inisiness was founded in 
i(;i_' ijy A. J''. Sa^■age, who had heen a l)aker in Jirooklyn, and who some 
Tiine years ago came to Hudson Count}-, saw an opening in the Hudson City 
section and began the manufacture of IjakestutYs there in the okl way. 

Mr. Sa\age was alway.s a progressive baker and for inan\- years he liad 
the idea of a model Ijakery and at the first opportunit}- that presented itself 
established this business which has grown to mammoth i;)roportions. The 
company is incorporated for $25,000. This capital is all paid in and there is 
none of the stock for sale. Mr. Savage is, of course, the principal stockiiolder 
and president of the company, and it is under his direction that much of tin- 
progress that has been made was possible. 

Other officers and stockholders of the company are: ( lertrudc K. .Savage, 
who is secretary and treasurer, and Emmett Casterlin, who is vice-president. 
The board of directors includes the officers and it is a close corporation con- 
ducted as a family affair. 

The chief business of the company is the baking of home made white 
bread. This is distril)uted throughout all of Hudson County^ and a part of 
Essex and Bergen Counties as well. Thirty-three wagons and drivers are 
constantly employed in the distribution, which is so arranged that it is pos- 
sible for the customer farthest away from the bakeshop to have fresh bread 
before Ijreakfast each morning. A large part of the trade consists of supply- 
ing grocers, delicatessen stores and branch bakeries. Eor the purely local 
trade buns, etc., are also baked daih', but this is but a small part of the trade. 

The company employs fifty-five workmen constantly in the making and 
distribution of its bakestufifs. This is a large organization for this class of 
business in the county and therefore it ranks among the first industries of 
the kind here. 

The l)ake shop is modern in every respect. There are machine mixers 
and everything that can possi])ly be handled by sanitary machinery is so 
handled. All machinery must be scrupulously clean, the bakers must don 
freshly laundered garments and have ideally clean hands and bodies before 
they are permitted to work. After baking, the foodstuffs are handled in a 
most sanitary manner, from the oven to the counters and wagons and thence 
to the patrons of the concern. 

Mr. Savage is justly i)roud of his success in the bread baking and dis- 
tributing lines. His is n<it a business which just naturally grew. It is the 
result of progressive management along the lines of distribution. Savage 
home made bread has become a b\ word in many families, as the large output 
will show. He makes it a point to employ none but courteous drivers. These 
he pays well, according to the importance of the different routes. From each 
he requires a cash deposit, which is carefully banked and never touched, not 
so much as security, but because he believes that the man who can save a 
few dollars by his own industr}- is the man best suited ti> delixer a high class 
product. 

Mr. Sa\-age has been a. pioneer in Hudson Couiitx' along the home made 
bread baking and delivery lines. Long before the present model establish- 
ment was built he was conducting a lucrative business. Long before the laws 
made sanitary bake shops compulsory, Mr. Sava.ge \vas conducting a shop 
which was talked about favorably by all who visited it. But the present 
business and building is the crowning glory of his work in Hudson County. 
\\'hatever further development there may be will be along the lines of natural 
growth, for there can be no improvement in the mode and manner of handling 
the product of the Savage Baking Cotn|)any"s ovens. 



99 



iHountaiu Jre (Eom^anij 



JN the Mountain Ice Company, with its main office at 51 Newark Street. 
Hoboken, (and with branches in the principal cities in New Jersey and 
1 'ciins\l\ania), Hudson iDunty can Isoast of one of the largest dis- 
tribute irs lit natural ice to be f(_)untl in the entire country. The company was 
inc(ir])orated .March 17. 1902. Its chief officers are: H. \\'. Bahrenburg. 
president and general manager; E. P. Kingsbury, secretary and treasurer: 
J. H. Donnelly, assistant secretary and treasurer. Upwards oi 3,000 people 
are employed during the har\esting season and i .000 during the shipping 
and sales season. 

The company is the outgrowth of the ice business established in 1877 
l)y Cooper & Hewitt at Cireenwood Lake, and Howell Brothers at Fox Hill in 
1888, with capacities of 38,000 and 20,000 tons, respectively. The now famous 
Pocono Mountain section in PennsyUania was opened up to this industry in 
[P90. The capacities of these plants in Northern New Jersey and the Pocono 
scctiini (if Pennsylvania have grown under the management of the new com- 
l)any until the combined storage capacity now aggregates more than 1.000,000 
tons. 

Shortly after the incorporation of the Mountain Ice Company the man- 
agement realized the importance of surrounding the harvesting and sale of 
its product with all possible sanitary precautions. It was one of the first 
ice companies in the United States to adopt the use of the large seven-bar 
planer, by which from three to twelve inches of the top surface is removed 
at the time of storage, thus making the ice stored free from any possible con- 
tamination or snow ice from the surface during harvesting. It was the first 
company to wash and flush the cars with well water under high pressure tc 
insure a clean car, the first to adopt the use of a sanitary paper for the cover- 
ing and protection of ice in transit, and the first ice company in this part of 
tlie country to abandon the use of salt or marsh hay and sawdust (for insu- 
lating purposes) in direct contact with the ice; thus insuring absolute clean- 
liness in storage. The company engages an eminent chemist annually to make 
'-anitar\- surveys and analyses of the water and ice at the \-arious mountain 
lakes. These surveys show the ice at the time of storage to be almost sterile 
and cntireh' suital)le for domestic use. (Copies of these surveys are fur- 
;iished ui)on request). In addition thereto these properties are operated umler 
the supervision of the Natural Ice Association of America whose sanitary 
sur\-evs and bacteriological analyses are mafle annually. |)rior td the fur- 
nishing of emblems of certification of the purity (if their product. 

This ice when melted, makes drinking water purer than the best spring 
water on the market at about one-third the cost, as nine pounds of ice will 
make a galhrn (if water. X'aridus manufacturers whd require soft water f(ir 
specific purposes also melt natural ice. as the water from melted ice is soft 
and is highly recommended in the sick room, where pure soft water is re- 
(|uired for the patient or convalescent. Man}- druggists use this melted ice 
instead of distilled water in making up their jirescriptions because they 
realize the great advantage of it being li\ing water, instead of dead, as is all 
distilled water. 

The economical housewife no hmger regards ice as a lu-\ur^^ but looks 
upon it as a medium to aid in the reduction of the household expenses, as it 
enables her to purchase vegetables and fruits in larger quantities at reduced 
cost and keep them in conditi(jn by means of home refrigeration. The house- 
wife also realizes the fact that it is economical to have her ice chest suf- 
ficiently large to enable her to purchase ice in quantities of 100 pounds and 
over. This means fewer deliveries, less annoyance and larger storage 
capacit\- f(ir fruits, vegetables, meats and the ''left overs" from \arious meals. 

Pamphlets covering the purity of ice by eminent bacteriologists and epi- 
demiologists such as Dr. Eugene H. Porter, health commissioner of New 
York : C. E. .\. \\'inslow, assiiciatc nrofessor of biology. College of New York ; 

100 



Dr. W. T. Sedgwick, professor of biology, MassachuseUs Institute of 
Technology; Edwin (). Jordan, i'h. D., professor of bacteriology. University 
of Chicago; John C. Sparks, B. S., water expert for the city of New York: 
M. J. Rosenau, i)rofessor of preventive medicine and hygiene, Harvard 
Medical School, Boston; Dr, Hibbert W. I-Iill, director of division of epi- 
demiology, Minnesota State Board of Health; George C. Whipple, C E., pr.;- 
fessor of sanitary engineering, Harvard College; Edward Bartow, director 
Illinois State \\'ater Survey, and other eminent scientists will be furnished 
in application. 

Although ice has been used for all purposes to which it is now put from 
the earliest times of which we have any written record, it is true of it, as of 
other articles of common and familiar use. that few people are familiar with 
its structure and its physical, chemical and bacteriological nature. If there 
is ice enough to cool foods or beverages in warm weather, the public is satis- 
fied and leaves the inquiry into the history and physical characteristics of it 
to the scientists. Nevertheless, there are many interesting facts about ice 
which reveal it as one of the most remarkable products of nature. 

( )ne distinguishing peculiarity is that although cold contracts all (ither 
known substances, ice is an expansion of water caused by the action of low 
temperature, ^\'ater contracts as it cools until it reaches 39.1 degrees F., 
when it is at its greatest density, but from that temperature down to 32 
degrees F., water expands, and when it turns into ice it occupies i, 11 more 
space than it did as water. Ice is a crystal, and of whatever matter a crystal 
may be formed, it is always true that the crystal represents the purest 
possible state of that material. Every act of crystallization is one of puri- 
fication. The same is true of ice, which is the purest form of the water on 
which the ice grows. 

Although ice is described as a crj-stal, it is more accurate to refer to it 
as a union of crystals, because it is built up of an infinite number of crystal- 
lizations of particles of water. As the water in a pond or on a stream 
approaches the freezing point, here and there over its surface, there spring 
into being slender slivers of ice, and by watching closely it is possible to see 
one of these crystals join itself to another and others to them, until the 
whole surface of the water is covered. These crystals are practically pure 
water, for, as they form and as they unite to other crystals, they mechanically 
push aside any suspended matter in the water, whether dirt or sand or the 
salts held in solutioi: in all natural water. The crystals even exclude from 
their mass, bacteria which are always present in every body of water. The 
well-known fact that the ice formed on the ocean is practically fresh, shows 
how salts in solution are excluded from the ice. So strong is the affinity of 
these crystals, one for the other, that to their union they admit no particle 
of matter other than water in its purest state. We know the facts of this 
union and this aftinity which are proved by many investigations and from 
ordinar}' observation, but we do not know why they unite, nor why one 
crystal builds itself upon another. 

It is this force of crystallization and this power of exclusion of all other 
matter which makes natural ice a product apparently designed by nature for 
the protection and preservation of food and for the benefit of mankind. 
Long investigations of hundreds of sources of ice supplies by many dift'erent 
authorities in the United States and abroad, prove conclusively that ice is 
from 95 to 99% purer than the water on which it forms, always, and that this 
purity refers not alone to the absence of matter suspended or floating in 
the water, but to bacteria as well. Even from polluted streams, where large 
quantities of bacteria are found, the ice will contain such a very small per- 
centage of the number in the water as to make the reduction almost 
unbelievable. Sanitarians state that in view of this fact, if there is absolutely 
no other ice supplv for a community than water more or less polluted, it 
would be permissible to use ice from such a source. They are safe in making 
that assertion because, so far in the history of the world, there has never been 
any disease traced to the use of natural ice. 

lOI 



In the text books of a decade ago instances were cited by sanitarians 
where epidemics of typhoid were alleged to have been caused by ice, but 
recent investigations have led such an authority as Professor William T. 
Sedgwick of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology-, and Dr. Eugene 
H. Porter, for many years Health Commissioner of New York State, to 
declare that they have no faith in the allegations made against natural ice 
in the instances referred to. but are inclined to belie\e that the charges weie 
the result of faulty conclusions from insufficient data. As Professor Sedgwick 
well says, "If ice were capable of causing disease, we wotild then have the 
great epidemics of typhoid in mid-summer when ice is most used, when, as a 
matter of fact, such epidemics occur in the late fall and in the early spring 
when practically no ice is used by a large proportion of the public." Other 
investigators, including the Hygienic Laboratory of the United States Public 
Health Service, agree in these conclusions. 

Thus natural ice has a clear record from the days prior tci the Christian 
era down to the present time. This is attested, in another and curious way, 
by the fact that although there are 134 words in the English language which 
are combined with the word ice, and although it is found in twelve other 
modern languages, not a single one of any of these words has anything to 
do with disease or disaster or with any utensils nr iirecatitions or methods 
needed for the jiurification of or protection fnmi ice. In all the centuries thai 
mankind has used ice and has been familiar with it, in no clime and under 
no circumstances has it been found necessary to coin a word ascril^ing 
to it any evil tendency or possibility 



Auu. Mam' (Erntral l^ntpl anii i^nfbrauhaita 

AUG. iMUUS' Central Hotel and lb iflirauhaus at jog River street, corner 
Second street, Hoboken, is one of the most unique buildings for the 
entertainment of men to be found in the county. Air. AIoos started in 
the restaurant business sixteen years ago and eight years ago purchased a 
part of the property on which the Hofbrauhaus stands and built upon it, 
adding to it as patronage demanded. 

His place soon attained fame in both the old and new world for its 
splendidlv furnished and equipped rooms, and two years ago he added the 
Hofbrauhaus to his hotel business. It is unsurpassed for the brilliant socia- 
bility known to the (ierman as "( iemuetlichkeit." The decorations are orig- 
inal and consist mainly of reproductions of the sketches of Germany's most 
famous artist, the late Baron \"on Reznicek. Its cuisine is second to none in 
the metropolitan district and leading men of all professions patronize it. 

The Central Hotel and Hofbrauhaus is located directly opposite the 
Hamburg-.A^merican and the North German Lloyd .Steamship lines, is easily 
accessible from all local railroad lines and is within ten minutes nf the 
theatrical, shopping, financial and business districts of New York. 




102 



A. IG. JtuMaii Sc (Ed. 



■*jr O A. L. Findlay & Cu.. pawnbrokers at 456 First street, llcihoken, be- 
li\ longs the honor of l^ringing to tlie name of pawnbroker more dignity 
^^ Uian has usually been associated with that class of business. They 
conduct pawnbroking on a purely business scale, recognizing the fact that 
patrous of these establishments like to be treated fairly and in the same man- 
ner as patrons of other commercial and industrial enterprises. It is this class 
of treatment that is accorded them at the hands of this progressive firm and 
because of it they are not made to feel that they have committed something 
disgraceful in being compelled to temporarily part with some personal pos- 
session to raise money ior emergencies. 

The manager and proprietor of this establishment i- Andrew L. Findlay. 
He was born in Scotland and is now a naturalized citizen of the United 
States. He started in business in 1893 and was ten years in one place. He 
retired and for a year far inactive. For three and one-half years he was 
connected with another establishment and then re-established himself in his 
present location in 1909. He had a rather hard struggle to influence capital 
in a business of this kind, but finally succeeded in conxincing men with 
monev that a pawnbroker was not necessarily a moral Pariah. 

Mr. Findlav has strong opinions regarding his business. He says it can 
be made as clean as any other business, providing the man who conducts it 
is clean himself. The business is governed by the law, and he believes that 
every pawnbroker, like himself, should live strictly up to the legal require- 
ments. Financed properly by the right people he believes pawnbroking is on 
a par with banking. The pawnbroker accommodates the poor, with proper 
security. The banker finances the rich, with proper security. Mr. Findlay 
says pawnbroking is not necessarily a business which takes advantage of the 
poor, but one which should accommodate those middle class people who have 
no financial standing and can get no bank accommodations. He says if 
salaried men who patronize loan sharks would study the advantages to be 
derived from dealing with honest pawnbrokers, they would be much better 
off financiallv. 




103 



Irunaiutrk ICamtiiru 



vi*|*().ST rumarkable in its scope has been the growth of the Brunswick 
^jirl Laundry on Germania Avenue, the recent improvements in this won- 
'^*^ derful enterprise and its service being the erection of a two-storv 
structure, 50x140 fee,t. on Tonnele Avenue, Jersey City, to be used as a 
shipping room and a garage for the large number of automobiles and electric 
motors by means of which Hudson, Essex and Bergen Counties are covered 
weekly. Together with the large two-story building on Germania Avenue, 
which is used for laundry purposes exclusively, it makes the Burnswick 
far and away the largest laundry in the State. 

Formerly the Brunswick Laundry made its principal business that of 
washing and ironing shirts, collars, cufTs, etc., but the demand of its patrons 
for a more extensive service was promptly met. Now, not onlv the old 
laundry system is in vogue, but a specialty is made of rough dry family 
washing, and this at present constitutes the great hulk df the l)usiness 
done. 

Manager Siemanski best explained the new idea in laundr\- work in 
a recent interview, in whicli he said the industrial development of the 
laundry business all over the country and the millions spent in catering 
to the demands of people who no longer wished to have their laundry done 
at home, made it necessary for such concerns to look well to their welfare ; 
to protect the interests of old customers in order to retain their patronage, 
and to build up a reputation for reliability in order to secure new patronage. 
It is along these lines that the Brunswick Launilr\- has been built and 
maintained. 

There was a time when there was just cause for friction between 
laundrymen and their patrons. This, however, was in the days when 
methods were crude and when laundries had not attained their present 
standing in the industrial world. \\"hile there are. duubtless, laundries 
in which the old system prevails, the Brunswick, in common with other 
modern laundries throughout the country, has passed beyond the primitive 
stage. Every effort here is made to satisfy customers ; to do the family 
washing better than it could be done at home ; to give laundry patrons 
more and better service than they ever had before, and to conduct the 
business with all the efficiency that the conduct of a great business demands. 

H}'gienic conditions exist at the Brunswick Laundry. In fact, the 
management believes that this is due to patrons, and, acting cm this belief, 
a business of enormous magnitude, which bids fair to continue in its rapid 
and remarkable growth, has been built up at the Brunswick Laundrv. 




104 



1E^. iFlrduntslinu'ii ^aixa 



TC~ '■'^^^^ County caii liuast thai it has tlic hirscsl nianiifarlurcr of 
ira sausage and fresh bologna in tho Tnitecl States in the firm of ICd. 
f Fleckenstein's S^ns. dning business ir. the Hudson City section of 
Jersey City Heigiits. Wliilc tlie i)i-oducls are not nationally distril)uted, 
the firm has built U]) a local and statewide business in the little more 
than three years of its existence, which far and away exceeds anything 
of the kind ever before attempted in New Jersey. 

This enterprising firm was organized May 13, 191 1. It consists of 
l-".d\vard 1'. l'"leckensteiii. Albert V. Fkckenstein and William X. Flecken- 
stem. It is capitalized for $250,000. When organized it employed fifteen 
men; now there are 1 14 employes on the payroll, and the business is still 
growing by leaps and bounds. 

Business originally began in a small factory on Grit+ith .Street, Jerse\- 
City Heights. This factor}- has been enlarged to take in Nos. 112, 114, 
116 and 118 Griffith Street. Another large factory has been erected at 
75- 77- 79 ^"d 81 Hancock Avenue, Jersey City. The main office and 
retail branch of the company is at 328 Central Avenue, Jersey City, and 
it has branches at 585 South Tenth Street, Newark, and at 167 Anderson 
Place, Passaic. The factories turn out $1,000,000 worth of products annuallv. 

This company is the largest Cdnsumer of bulls for bolognas in the F.ast. 
Beef is bought in carload lots from the Western markets. .'\ .large per- 
centage of the bulls used in its business are imported direct from Canada, 
and there is some talk of entering the Argentina market as well. Casings 
are imported direct from Europe in enormous quantities. 

Fifty-six route wagons are used in covering the trade thrdughnut the 
State. (_)ne five-ton truck is used exclusively to transport bolognas and 
sausages to the company's Newark refrigerator. One three-ton truck 
goes to Passaic daily. 

Those who have an idea that odds and ends nf all kinds g, 1 intu the 
makeup of sausages and bolognas would receive a liberal education in this 
particular by paying a \isit to the factories of Ed. Fleckenstein's Sons. 
None but prime meats are accepted l)y the company for manufacture into 
its products. Every piece of meat is thoroughly inspected, and if there 
is the least sign of disease or decay it is unceremoniousl}- thrown away. 
Of course, this is made necessary under the rigid system of United State,; 
inspection at the present time, but it has always been the policy of the 
Fleckenteins, as it was of their father Ijefore them, to place the purity 
and cleanliness of their products before ])rofits which might accrue from 
the introduction of passable meats which close inspection wciuld find 
unfit for human consumption. 

Those who have seen the manufacture nf stich iirnducts under nld-time 
systems in other places would be agreeably surprised to sec the conditions 
under which the sausages and bolognas are manufactured here. Even the 
casings must be of the best. They are thoroughly waslu-d and cleansed 
before thev are used. The machines in which the meats and sausages are 
ground are thoroughly cleaned at short periods. Everything is as spick 
and span as in the best-appointed kitchens. Workmen must lie cleanly 
dressed and their hands thoroughly washed before beginning the day's work' 

Members of the firm are courteous alike to visitors and to their work- 
men. Thev impress upon their workmen the necessity of absolute clean- 
liness. Thev show them the value of self-respect, and make them under- 
stand the standard ex])ected of Fleckenstein. The organization is splendid 
and complete. The men who make the daily distribution are men among 
men. In fact, everv factnr in the organization goes to impress upon the 
jiatron or the spectator the integrit}- and worth of the Fleckensteins and 
their jiroducts. 



lo.S 



d. 3. iKurllrr (Enutpaiig 



AM()N'(i tlie diA ersitied industries of Hudson CHunty is ihe plajit ol 
the L'. F. Alueller Company of 95 Boyd Avenue, Jei^ey City, whicli 
is de\oted to the manufacture of macaroni, spaghetti, egg noodle^ 
and kindred products. This Inisiness is among the largest of its kind in 
ihe counliN, and there is turned out from tlie factory about 10,000,000 
pounds of these popular foodstutTs annually. The compar.y is -i, half milli<iii 
dollar concern, and it emplo_\s 150 people the year round. 

This liusiness was originally established in 1867 by L'. V. Mueller, 
ll had ;l small beginning, but through the excellence of ii~ products i; 
grew and the present company is the outcome. The business has been in the 
hands of the Mueller family from its inception. 

.\mong the excellencies claimed for the products is absolute purity. 
The\- are made of the highest quality materials and no expense is spared 
if the (|uality of the goods can be impro\ed. The products are made in a 
clean, well-lighted, modern and sanitar}- factory. 

After manufacturing the ])ro(lucts are packed in dust and moisture 
])roof packages, and because of this they are always fresh, alth(.)Ugh *1 e 
rapid sale of the goods alone would make it impossible to secure anything 
but fresh pro<lucts at an\- time. The entire output is markete<l under the 
firm name at the popular price of ten cents a package. 

Best quality farina is used exclusively in the manufacture of the 
macaroni and spaghetti turned out here, while the highest standard of fl(jui 
and eggs is used in the manufacture of egg noodles. Nothing is left to 
guess-work in the selection of ingredients and materials. E\erything is 
scientifically tested, and if it does not come up to the Mueller standard it 
i~ immediately rejected. In a few months they expect to move in their new 
|ilant. located on the corner of Baldwin avenue and High street. Jersey City. 
\. I., which will give them an increased capacity of three times their present 
output. 




U/) 



i- iB, iHlta 



^^^K^^ ^^^^^^1 


^^^P ^^' t^if ^B 


^^k ^M 


^^^^^1 '^^i 




^^^^3^^Bfa^^< ''^^^^^^^^^^^^1^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^1 



0. 



11. I'^I.IA, w ho owns and 
conducts the smokin;^ 
])ipc case factory at 
,?SS Kerrigan /Xvcnnc, \\'est 
I liihoken, is one man who has 
l)rciu,i;hi a novel and successful 
luisiness to Xortli Hudson, 
riie character of the business 
is such that ii is known froi> 
coast to coast throughout tin 
United States and it is 
I)rol.ial)ly the larijcst concern 
devoted exclusiveh- to the 
manufacture of jiipe cases in 
the country. 

.Mr. Elia employs fifty 
workmen at his place. .As the 
business is hut seven vears 
old. it is easy to realize that 
with this force, it nuist have 
been successful. .\nd .Mi. 
Elia is very proud, and Jiisth- 
so, of the success he has made. 
This cnild not have been 
done had it not been that he 
v.as experienced in the line 
l^efore coming- to West Ho- 
l)oken. 

.\ visit to the factory of Mr. Elia i.s a revelation. He is constantlv turn- 
ing- out a large number and variety of cases called for by pipe manufacturers 
in all parts of the country, fiis specialty, of course, is in the cases for the 
higher class pipes, but he turns out no end of cases of all descriptions. In 
speaking of pipe cases, one nuist know that this includes cases for cigar and 
cigarette holders. .As these, as well as pipes, vary greatly in size, shape and 
ornamentation, it is necessary to have a great number of patterns on hand and 
to be constantly manufacturing- new patterns and variations of pattern to meet 
the demand of the trade. This is all done by a force of skilled workmen, for 
in the manufacture of patterns skilled workmen alone can get the desired 
results. 

The manufacture of pipe cases is interesting. Certain kinds of wood 
must be used. This uviist be carved, warped and seasoned, by hand and ma- 
chinery, before it is ready for the leather which covers it on the outside and 
the plush with which it is lined inside. This leather and felt must be attached 
in such a manner as to make it appear that the case is made of leather and 
j)lush. There can be no loose ends, for this would spoil the beauty of the case 
.-ind detract from the selling price of the jiipe enclosed, no matter how good 
the pipe. As only the best pipes are sold in cases, it can be seen that the work 
must be done with a care and precision which it is not necessary to su])ply 
with man}- other lines of industry. 

Withal, the manufacture of pipe cases is the work of an artist. The de- 
signs must follow the lines of the pipe closely and the pipe niust fit in the 
case as snnggly as if each were but part of the other. This Mr. Elia has suc- 
ceeded in doing- in his busy little factory and it is no wonder that his trade ex- 
tends from Maine to California and from Canada to the gulf of Me.xico. 

Mr. Elia has one hnhby besides his business — his family. He is married 
and is the father of two children. 

107 



Urrliaiukru iry Surk (Eo. 

^^ HE Weehawken Dry Dock Company at the foot of Baldwin avenue, on 
itl the river front in \\'eeha\vken. is one of the most important of the in- 
^^ dustries of the kind in the entire country, and it has vessels from the 
entire world stopping at its docks for repairs. 

The business has been established for many years. It is constantly 
growing because of the excellence of the service rendered. Work left in charge 
here is promptly executed and in many cases promptness is a great factor. 
Quality of work, however, is not impaired by promptness of execution, and 
under no circumstances is any vessel docked here allowed to leave the dock 
until repairs are complete and she is in a perfectly seaworthy condition. 

Of course, much of the work done is among the river vessels, especially 
those which ply between New York and Albany. These vessels are put to a 
much more severe strain than one would suppose, and every winter they 
have to undergo a thorough overhauling at the hands of ship builders and 
repair men. The thoroughness of the work at the \\'eehawken Dry Docks 
iias brought there much of this class of work. 

It is really an interesting sight to watch the overhauling of vessels which 
go into drydock for this purpose. Carpenters, blacksmiths, caulkers, painters 
and builders of all kinds are required to locate and repair the faults upon 
which the lives of patrons of boating depend. Any fault that is left when a 
vessel is overhauled is likely to prove a fatal one at some future time and 
for this reason the most thorough work in examination and repair is required. 

Any dry dock at the busy season is a hive of industry. The Weehawken 
Dry Dock is more than ordinarily so. A great force of men is required at 
all times, and kept constantly employed. At times there are day and night 
shifts required. The night shifts work under the rays of a powerful search 
light which makes the scene as light as day. 




]o8 



HHiUiam ^rhimpm* S: (Un. 

AMU.XHi the imlustrial concerns which h;uc nuulc Jliulsnn Cuunty 
famous throug:hout the entire civilized world may he mentioned 
William Schiniper & Co., manufacturers of silver-])lated novelties, 
sterling silver and metal goods, the i)lant of which firm is located at 322-338 
Ferry Street, Hohoken. and of which Robert R. Debacher is ])resident. 

This mammoth business, the largest of its kind in the country, and 
\vhich constantly employs from 250 to 350 people, was established in 1X67 
by the late George Schimper. Upon the death of (leorge Schimper, William 
.lUd '1 hcoclore Schimper continued the business until Theodore's death at 
v\hicli time William Schimper admitted Robert R. Debacher and John R. 
Mahlstedt to partnership. Upon the death of William Schimper 
Debacher and Mahlstedt purchased his interest in the concern from the 
widow and in 1902 incorporated the business under the laws of the State 
of New Jersey with a capital of $300,000. Two years ago Mr. Mahlstedt 
retired and sold his interest in the corporation to ATr. Debacher, who i? 
now the owner of all but a few shares of the stock 

Air. Debacher's rise in the business world has been continuous and 
steady. He became associated with the Schimper plant when a l)oy. From 
a])prentice he was rapidly advanced to the position of senior partner and 
the presidency of the company, due solely to the fact that he i.J a thoroughly 
skilled mechanic, understood the workings of the concern from all its angle-; 
and is a competent and ])ractical business man. 

\\'lien Mr. Mahlstedt retired his duties were taken ovev bv Ernest F. 
.Schullz. treasurer of the corporation. Mr. .Schultz is a certified accountant 
of the University of New York, and before his association with this corpor- 
ation practiced as such. He has proven a very valuable assistant to the 
operations of the corporation and would be greatlv missed if through force 
of circumstances he should be compelled to retire. 

Herman Behrens. secretary, has Ijeen c(innected with the house of 
Schimper for more than twenty years, and has. through long service and 
continuous study, become well fitted to execute the duties allotted to him. 

The entire history of the house has been one of progress, due to the 
fact that it has always been the policy to preserve the integrity of the firm 
and its manufactures even against the keen competition of inferior goods 
and cheaper jirices for the "just as good" kind. No employee of the concern 
is allowed to sacrifice quality for profit and all are under the supervision 
of skilled and trustworthy heads of departments in which they are employed. 

The factory itself is well lighted and well \entilated. The people 
employed there are contented. They are paid good wages and they are 
not worked like slaves. The men in control of the various departments 
are very human and arc instructed to regard those under their supervision 
as such. At the same time [lerfect discijdinc and splendid decorum prevail. 
The stranger is always treated courteously. The conditi(.ins at the plant 
are ideal for all. and it is the polic}- to kee]) satisfactory employees as long 
as possible. 

Numerous and varied are the articles manufactured. Thev include, 
among other things, toilet sets, comb and brush sets, hair brushes, hat and 
ckith brushes. ■ military brushes and sets, manicure sets and fittings, card 
'"ases. vanitv bo-xes. puft' and pomade jars, trinket boxes, bonljon baskets, trays 
and vases. ])icture frames, calendars, thermometers, ink-stands, desk fitting's, 
hand mirrors, swinging mirrors, shaving mirrors, standing mirrors, trip- 
liacte mirrors, whisk brooms and holders, smokers' sets, ash receivers, 
cigarette and tobacco boxes, match safes, cigar and cigarette jars, humidors, 
eveglass and spectacle cases, soa]) boxes and novelties for advertising 
purposes. 

Besides the main plant the firm has a showroom at 652 Broadway, New 
York Cit_\-. where buyers from all over the United States, its colonies, Canada 
and Europe are welcomed. 

109 



(I. (L. Hxinkpaii 



^W C. KIXKJiAiJ, wholesale grucer at 60S Newark a\'enue. Jersey City. 
I|L is line of those old time business men who has built up a splendid 
^^* patronage by methods upon which there can be cast not a shadow of 
sharp practice. He has always been content to make a fair profit as a middle- 
man and has never been guilty of boosting prices unless he was compelled to 
do so by the rise of goods as they came to him. It is safe to say that at 
such times as the recent European war. when so many jobbers and middle- 
men were boosting prices on home jiroducts because it was feared that they 
wiiuld have to pa}' more for the next lot they ordered. Mr. Kinkead simply 
charged his patrons the regular prices so long as the supply lasted. If, after 
that, he had to raise the prices it was because he himself had to pay more 
for the actual goods on w'hich he raised his patrons. 

Mr. Kinkead is not a speculator — not a get-rich-quick gentleman. He 
is a solid, substantial business man, one with whom it is a pleasure to do 
business. He handles none but the staple and standard lines of goods. No 
persuasion could induce him to tr\- something that had not been tried and 
found worthy, no matter how great the financial inducements. It is by solid 
men such as Mr. Kinkead that large business enterprises are built. 

In politics Mr. Kinkeatl has never dabbled. He thought he had all he 
could do to properly conduct the affairs of hi.s business. He has done a vast 
amount of good in a quiet, charitable way, but of his benevolences little are 
heard. Meet with Mr. Kinkead and you immediatelv feel you have met with 
a man who grasps his business afifairs and executes them in a quiet, efficient 
manner. 

.\lthough he devotes a great part of liis time to his business. Mr. Kinkead 
finds time to give to his family and is fond of home life after the struggle of 
the busy business day. He lives in a modest home at 365 Pavonia avenue, 
lersey City, and has no greater enjoyment than a quiet evening at home 
when circumstances and business will jicrmit. 




no 



itrxamrr iRiiiiim Ara^rutij 

'^Y ( ) l'"X'ri{RPRlSE in Hudson County is of more importance in its line, 
iAj ur nil ire noteworthy, than the Hexamer Riding Academy, from which 
has sprung the Hol)oken Carriage and Cab Company and the Hexa- 
mer Auto Comi)any. These three allied industries are all under the jjcrsonal 
supervision and direction of A. P. Hexamer, who has a capacity for business 
exceeded by no one in the entire county. 

The Hexamer Riding Academy was established in 1850. It has enjoyed 
a continuous existence since that time. It started first as a riding academy. 
])ure and simple, where riding lessons were given to some of the foremost 
I'cople of the country. In the old days many of the notables of New York 
were habitues of the riding academy and to this day its meets are patronized 
by beauty and fashion. It is the highest class business of its kind in the 
east, if not in the entire country. 

From the riding academy developed the renting and sale of horses for 
large functions and to prominent people. From these stables are furnished 
horses to the states of New Jersey. New York and Connecticut for military 
maneuvers, and many horses have been sold and shipped abroad fnr the 
stables of the great powers of the old world. 

Then came the organization of the Hoboken Carriage and Cab Company. 
The service rendered by this company early proved a superior one and this 
branch of the business grew and prospered. Probably in the entire county 
there is no such array of carriages, cabs and taxi cabs as to be found here. 
and no service business of the kind is conducted with such dispatch as that 
of the Hexamers. Here one may secure, at any hour of the day or night, 
just vviiat he wants in the matter of equippage, whether horse drawn or 
motor. The carrages, cabs and taxicabs are kept in splendid condition and 
give the impression of private vehicles, which thev are to all intents and 
purposes, as the drivers and chauffeurs are all gentlenienl}- and know their 
business to the end of the last lesson. 

Then followed the Hoboken Auto Company. This was first started as 
an agencv only. With the backing of the He.xamer Riding Academy and the 
Hoboken Carriage and Cab Company back of it. the auto company proved 
a success from its ince]jtion. It handled a superior class of cars, gave su- 
perior service to its patrons and soon acquired such a reputation that it was 
recognized as the foremost organization of its kind in Hudson County and 
the company was made the Hudson Count'- distributor for the Hudson Motor 
Company, manufacturers of the famous Hudson automobiles. The company 
has constantly on hand a splendid line of these famous cars, and the manage- 
ment is ready to .give a demonstration to a prtispective purchaser at any time. 

Some idea of the magnitude of the business of the three companies mav 
be gleaned from the fact that there are constantlv emplo}'ed at the main 
office, stables and garages, 215-223 Hudson street, tf-iboken. and the Jersey 
City branch. 2529 Hudson Boulevard, fifty-two people to look after the busi- 
ness of the combined concerns. This does not include occasional chauffeurs 
and hel])ers who are called in whenever ocasion demands. Init is simply the 
regular employees on the payroll from year to year. 

( )f course such a business as that combined in the three concerns cannot 
lie managed successfully except bv efficient service in every department. 
This Mr. Hexamer has secured. The discipline in all the departments is 
perfect, the men know their work, everyone has his own task to perform. 
That it is performed well speaks well for the management. These details 
are supervised personally by Mr. Hexamer and his able foremen and super- 
intendents. E\-ery man is held accountable to his immediate superiors, and 
the business is conducted as smoothly as a carefully greased machine. 

Much credit is due Mr. Hexamer for the mammoth business he has built 
up and conducted in such an honorable manner that it has a re])utation for 
fair dealing and integrity second to none in the country. 

Ill 



^. il Horuioair & Co. 



No SINGLE firm is better known than that of E. H. Horwood & Co., 
manufacturer of lirassieres and children's underwaists at 1007 Grand 
street, Hoboken. This firm was founded in 1874 tjy the late E. H. 
Horwood, who was one of the most respected and generally beloved men in 
Hoboken at the time of his death, and since that sad event has been carried 
on exclusively by members of the Horwood family. Since the death of the 
elder Horwood the firm has been incorporated, but there has been no change 
of the liberal policy of the founder toward the two hundred and fifty or more 
employees engaged at the factory. The capital stock is valued at $100,000. 
is fully paid in and there is none of it on the market. 

Besides the Hoboken factory the firm has an office and salesrooms in 
the Fifth Avenue building. 200 Fifth avenue. X'ew York City. Although the 
output of the Hoboken factory is used exclusively in the United .States, goods 
are manufactured in Canada under the Horwodd jjatents. 

Associated with E. H. Horwood when the firm was started was C. 1.. 
Horwood. Work was begun in a small way. but the firm prospered from 
the beginning. In 1890 C. S. Horwood entered the business, assuming charge 
of the factory end. E. H. Horwood continued the office management until 
his death in 1913, since which time C. S. Horwood has had full charge of all 
departments. 

Brassieres and underwaists manufactured by E. H. Horwood & Co. are 
fully protected by patents which place the products in a class by themselves. 
.Superior workmanship, cutting and designing along scientific lines and per- 
fect fit of normal forms have been the chief reasons for the high standing of 
the Horwood goods in trade circles. 

Of course, the chief local interest in the firm centres around the late 
E. H. Horwood. The January issue (jf the Biiard of Trade Bulletin of 
Hoboken contained a fitting tribute to the life of a man who had made himself 
and his works so generally beloved in his adopted town. 

Edward H. Horwood was born in Toronto, Canada, in 1845. He l.iegan 
his lousiness career at an earl\- age. \\'hen he was ele^•en years old he was 
entrusted with the task of running a complete set of ledgers. Before the age 
of eleven he had waded through all the delightful intricacies of Shakespeare ; 
but his reading was not confined to his early years, for books afl:'orded him 
pleasure throughout his entire busy life. Fie alwa}s remained a reader of 
good books and no topic of general interest escaped his notice. 

On December 30th, 1863, lie married Charlotte Louise Skinner at Niagara 
Falls, Canada. About four years later he moved to Bridgeport, Connecticut, 
where he went into business ; and forty years ago he came to Hoboken. 

Mr. Horwood was President of the Board of Trade for two terms, be- 
ctnning a trustee upon the expiration of his term. He was also greatly inter- 
ested in the affairs of the National Board of Trade at the same time. Im- 
mediately upon his affiliation with the Hoboken Board of Trade. Mr. Horwood 
entered into the work of the organization with a characteristic zeal. His 
work on local committees is too well known to need comment. 

He was keenly interested in and associated with the \tlantic Deeiier 
Waterways Association and was an ardent supporter of the project for inland 
waterways; he represented the Board at the Lake Mohonk Peace Conference, 
each year since the inception of the Congress, being a firm belie\er in inter- 
national arbitration. His last activity of note was when he undertook the 
Chairmanship of the Budget Exhibit Committee which, however, he was 
forced to resign owing to his failing strength. 

Notwithstanding- his devotion t<i his home, .Mr. Horwood was identified 
with the Columbia Club and gave a portion of his time to its upbuilding, lie 
was also a member of the Ixoyal .\rcanuni. and was closely identified with 
church inteersts. He had a hobliy for flowers and took great delight in cul- 
ti\ating them. 

113 



(§ttn iibrlka 

/|j\ rT( ) nilil'.I.KA, lessee and manager uf Lafayette Hall, the faiimus 
I j3 aniusenient resurt at i6o Palisade avenue. West Hoboken. is among 
the most popular men of his calling in the entire county, lie is well 
known from one end of the county t<i the other, and the report that he had 
leased Lafayette Hall immediately brought to that place a new lease of life. 
The patronage tiiere had gradually grown smaller after the death of Mr. 
( )hmann. the former ])roprietor, but as soon as Dilielka took hold, things 
livened up until now it has resumed all its former gayety and a little beside. 

Connected with Lafayette hall there are several splendid bowling alleys 
and here the oldest clulis of North Hudson, comprising some of her most 
solid citizens, have their headquarters. There is also a splendid large open 
room, which is used either for a. dining room or a dancing pavilion, as occa- 
sion demands, and this is always open and busy nowadays. 

Dibelka makes a specialty of his dinners, especially Sunday dinners. The 
cooking is of the wholesome German style so greatly in demand in this sec- 
tion, and the food served is of the best the market affords. The consequence 
is that this branch of his business has become well known to good livers 
throughout the entire county. 

Mr. Dibelka makes it a point to have good entertainment as well as good 
eating at his place. Such music as that furnished by the Ritz-Carlton or- 
chestra of the steamshi]) Vaterland and other equally as noted musical 
organizations are often found at this resort. It is an international hall, Ger- 
mans, French, Italians and English mingling in profusion. All are genial 
souls and despite the variety of nationalities there is never any discord. 



Albrrt CH. lE^iiJinurr 



S^ Ll'.ERT C. lU'lMXGER, bottler of beer at 211 Eranklin street, Union 
r\_ Hill, has built up a patronage in this line of 1;)usiness which it is hard 
'^ to find duplicated in the whole of the northern part (jf the coimty. 

He makes a specialty of bottling for the family trade, and the brands he 
handles are among the best known. He sells direct to the families and at 
the lowest prices compatible with good beers and good service. 

It is this service upon which he prides himself. \\'hen beer is ordered 
from him. the person who orders it is sure of having it delivered when he 
wants it. In all the time Mr. Eppinger has been in the business he has yet 
to receive a complaint of any order gi\en him or sent to his works being 
delayed. 

With good lieer and good service his trade has grf)wn to such propor- 
tions that he is thinking seriously of enlarging the bottling capacity of his 
plant. It will have to be done in the near future if the present outlook con- 
tinues. 




113 



ffrrb. Hagcns 



fRED HAGANS. who conducts the Germania Schuetzen Park in North 
Bergen, which is without question the busiest and largest amusement 
resort in Hudson County, is a man peculiarly fitted for the manage- 
ment of so enormous an enterprise. He has been in the amusement business 
for many years past. At one time he conducted Odd Fellows' hall in Ho- 
boken and the old Central hall, since razed for the march of progress on 
Central avenue, Jersey City, was also once under his direction. 

In all the years he has been before the public as a caterer to amusement 
lovers, he has retained the favor of a large and growing number of friends. 
This has been made possible through the liberality with which he treats the 
people who come to him. This liberality has been known to overstep the 
bonds of good business at times, but of late years Hagans has managed his 
afifairs a little closer than formerly, at the same time giving his patrons all 
the leeway that he can compatible with good business principles. 

Schuetzeti Park, which he manages, is the property of the Plattdeutsch 
Volksfest Verein, the organization which anntially gives the four days' afifair 
for charity and the maintenance of the Fritz Renter .-Mtenheim, has become 
one of the most famous amusement resorts in the metropolitan section under 
the management of Mr. Hagens. There are two big dancing halls, a large 
iutmber of splendid bowling alleys, three enormous pavilions, a splendid 
system of rifle ranges, no end of amusements, etc., etc. Then there is the 
magnificent old castle, which is now conducted as a place of refreshment. 
This is a famous show place, and has been for many years. The old castle 
hall is hung with coats of arms, battle axes, etc., and presents all the charac- 
teristics of a baronial castle in feudal times. Of course, it is fitted up with 
modern conveniences, but these have been so hidden that the character of 
the place still remains medieval. .\ \'isit to the ca.'^tlo is well worth while 
to the person who revels in feudal history, and cannot fail to be interesting 
to one who view.-, it for the first time. 



^harbs iirtH 



/C|Y H.VRLES Dietz, florist, with hot houses at 4063 Boulevard, North 
1 1 L Bergen, is among the best known florists in all North Hudson. He 
^"■^ has long been recognized as one of the chief growers of flowers and 
potted plants in this section, and his annual trade is one of which any horti- 
culturist could well feel proud. 

Mr. Dietz has a natural love for his work as a florist. His is a business 
where care and pains show the best results, and it is through these qualities 
that he has been enabled to make for himself a name in the horticultural 
world. In all the big flower marts of the metropolis his name and his 
flowers are so well known that when they come from him they are accepted 
without a question. 

While Mr. Dietz is a horticulturist with a love for the flowers and potted 
])lants which he raises, he is also a splendid business man. He looks after 
the office details as well as the growth of flowers in his business. He is 
one of the solid, substantial men of the county. Withal he is jolly and full 
of fun, and outside of business hours is a favorite in social circles of his 
acquaintance. 



114 




GrCi\rp«nPtf 



Jn tbr MthUvii 3xAh 



3X the nifdical licld IIuiImhi Cciunty has advanced as rainilly as in other 
l>raiiches nf the arts and sciences. Fur many years i)ast her medical 
men ha\e lieen greatly admired, their services greatly demanded and 
iheir diagnoses and opinions greatly respected by their fellow practitioners 
in other municipalities. In earlier times were the Hornhlowcrs, three gen- 
erations of whom are still living, whose fame as experts in the medical field 
has si)read far and wide. In these days many of her physicians have acqtiired 
tame in the medical wiirld, in surgery and in natural and drugless healing 
as well. 

There arc nunieri)us public, senu-public and i)ri\alc Imspilals, all full}' 
equipped f(ir 1 ii.ierations and treatment of diseases. Jersey City's new city 
institution, Christ Hospital and St. Francis' Hospital are well known for their 
good work. In Hoboken, St. Mary's Hospital is regarded as a model of its 
kind, while the North Hudson Hospital, with its recent new addition, is now- 
regarded as among the best in this scctiun. Throughout the county are 
numerous private hospitals, all conducted on a high plane of excellence. .\t 
.Snake Hill, or Laurel Hill as it is now known, are an isolation hospital for 
contagious diseases and a hospital for the insane, which is regarded as the 
finest in the State, and second to none in the country. 

Hudson County- is also the home of se\-eral well kudwn surgeons. These 
include such men as Dr. Cordon K. Dickinson, who is nationally known for 
his skill Willi the knife, and Dr. Joseph Manuel Rector, whose remarkable 
operation resulting in the cure of a girl whose spine was so badly broken 
that her reco\-ery was dispaired of. made him famous in surgical circles. 

The newer cults of drugless healers, naturopaths, chiropractors and os- 
teopaths are also quite numerous in all the municipalities of the county. Re- 
markable instances of cures they have performed are becoming more and 
more widelv known. 



11 = 



0r. (5. iCmus NirbolB 




i 



1\. (i. Louis .\ich(.)ls, one 
of the leading ph>- 
sicians of H u ci son 
County, comes of a family 
that has been distinguished 
for generations in the medical 
i:>rofession. His father. Dr. 
Frank Nichols, now eighty- 
one years of age and living in 
retirement since igo2 at Man- 
hattan lleach, California, 
ranked high among the phy- 
sicians of .\e\v Jersey in his 
clay. He was an incorpo- 
rator and charter member of 
the State Homeopathic Medi- 
cal Society, organized in 
1SC17. and was later president 
of the society. He was also 
a member of the Xew Jersey 
-Medical Society, an exclu- 
sive organization of sixteen 
physicians which existed over 
thirty years ago. Before he 
studied medicine he was prin- 
cijjal of the Reading Institute. 
Reading. I 'a. He was born 
at Sturbridgc. Mass.. and 
was a graduate of the Hahne- 
mann ?iledical College of 
Philadelphia, at that time 
known as the Homeopathic 
Medical College of Penn.syh ania. He practiced in Grafton, Mass., and 
Somerville. N. J., liefore locating in Hoboken in 1861. In Hoboken he took 
a prominent part in ])ublic affairs, being vice-president <if the Hoboken Bank 
for Savings until he took up his residence in California, and for over twenty- 
years deacon and treasurer of the First Baptist Church. 

Dr. G. Louis Nichols, the subject of this sketch, was born in Hoboken 
September 21. 1871. He attended Martha Institute and the public schools 
of the city until his sixteenth }ear, when he entered the Collins .Street Clas- 
sical School at Hartford, Conn., conducted by Dr. Reed. In i88q he entered 
Colgate College, Hamilton, X, Y.. of which his older brother, the late Dr. 
Harry F. Nichols was a graduate, and studied there for a year, at the end 
of wdiich time he began his medical studies at the New York Homeopathic 
Medical College and Flower Hospital. Graduating in 1893. he went to Chicago 
to take a special course in surgery under Professor Pratt, after which he was 
appointed house surgeon of Grace Hospital, New Haven. Conn., and visiting 
surgeon of the New Ha\-en Industrial Home. In 1894 he located at Stafford 
Springs, Tolland County, Conn., opening a practice that (|uickly became a 
large and lucrative one. While there he was a member of the Tolland 
County Homeopathic Medical Society and of the Massachusetts Southern 
Medical Societw 

The death of his lirother. 1 )r. llarr\ Xichols, m March, iyo2. decided 
the father. Dr. Frank Nichols, with whom he had been associated since 1887, 
to retire from professional work, and Dr. Louis Nichols then gave uy> his 
practice in Connecticut to assume charge of the one in Hoboken. Tiiu- 
the name of Nichols has been associated with the medical profession for 



116 



over a half cciilurx in xhu .\lilc-S(iuaic C'ily, and fur nxcr forty years it has 
remained (jver the dour nf the old family home at JJ}, \\ ashin^ton Street, 
the present residence of the subject of this sketch. 

Dr. Nichols is a member of the following organizations: Ma.ssachtisetts 
Southeast Medical Society, Connecticut State Medical Society, American 
Institute of Homeo])atliy ; Sons- of the American Revolution. Euclid Lodge 
of Masons, A. F. and .\. M. 136, Hoboken. St. John's Commandery, No. 11. 
K. T., W'illimantic. Conn.. Sphinx Temple. A. A. ( ). X. M. S., Hartford, 
Ctjnn., Connecticut Sovereign Consistfiry. S. P. R. S., Hartford, Conn., Hud- 
son Cavalrv 'I'roo]., Hoboken B. P. U. K. Xi.. 74. and St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church. He was an incorporator and is a director of the Munro & Mussy 
Pen Co., of Newark, N. J. He is unmarried. 

Dr. Walter E. Nichols, a younger brother, a graduate of the Leland 
Stanford University of California, has a lucratixe practice at Pasadena, 
Cal., where he is associated with Di. Bleeker. 'He married Miss Ettella 
Bethel of Henderson. K}-.. also a gr.iduate of Iceland Stanford. They have 
two daughters. 

Dr. Harr\- F. Nichols was a graduate of the New York 1 lonieo])athic 
]Medical College and Hospital Class of '87. lie married Miss Lena Grace 
Foster of Hamilton, N. Y., who survives him. Another brother, Frank Bar- 
ton Nichols, a graduate of Stevens Institute of Technologv, Hoboken, died 
July 19, i88,S. 

Dr. Nichols' mother was Mar\- A. Barton, a daughter of Jedediah 
Barton of ^Yorcester, Mass.. and a second cousin of Clara Barton of Red 
Cross fame. The love for the medical profession is a double inheritance of 
the son, a maternal ancestor, Ebenezer Pierce, who fought in the Revolution, 
having been an ^L D., while a maternal uncle, Jedediah Marcus Barton, is 
a practicing physician of Worcester, Mass., and a coitsin, \\'illiam H. IMarc}-. 
of Buffalo. His father's brother. Dr. George Nichols, of Brooklyn, and 
three of his sons, add to the list on that side of the famil_\-. 

The history of the Nichols family dates back to the reign of Edward 
the Confessor, when Nicholas de Albini, also given by some chroniclers as 
Nigel and Nicholl, went over from Normandy to Scotland and was the 
common ancestor of the Nichols family. The original grant of arms to 
Nichols and Nicholl is recorded in the X'isitation of Liecester in 1619 by 
.\ugust \'incent (Rouge Rose.) King Robert Bruce is another ancestor of 
the familv on the Distaff side. 

The American branch of the familv was established earl\- in the seven- 
teenth century by one .Sargeant Frank Nichols, one of the original proprietors 
of the Stratford New Ha\'en c<jlonv. A history of the family compiled by 
^^'alter Nichols, a librarian of the Bridgeport Public Lilirary, gives much in- 
teresting data of the Puritan stock as well as the history farther back. The 
records of the Revolution show Dr. Nichols to be entitled to his membership 
in the Sons of the American Revolution through ancestors of both sides of his 
father's and mother's family. Edmund Nichols. .Sr., Samuel Richardson, 
Dr. Ebenezer Pierce and Jedediah Barton being the men who fought for 
the independence of the .American colonies Irom British rule in 1776. Of 
the present generation a cousin. Henry Nichols, was killed in the Civil \^^ar 
as he ran across an exposed valley bearing a message he had volunteered 
to carrv to the other side of the field. 



117 



I^nini Antrroii l^ntinrt, M. i. 



>-'/' K X R Y A .M E R O Y 

m HOTWET. ^L D., 
* wliose home and of- 
fice is at No. 4. Clifton Ter- 
race. \\ eehawken, and who is 
one of the most successful of 
XDrth Hudson physicians, 
was horn in Spillville. Iowa. 
Xovember 2. 1874. His par- 
ents were Alexander and 
ln,L;"er Hot wet and were 
anions' the hest known and 
most p(i])ular citizens of the 
tow n. 

h'roni his boyhood, yoiinj;,' 
I lotwet was studious and his 
inclination toward education 
was fortunately stratified. 
After leaving the common 
school of Spillville. he at- 
tended the \'alder Business 
("ollege and Normal School 
at Decorah, Iowa ; the High- 
land Park College of Phar- 
macy. Desmoines, Iowa : the 
\ alparaiso University. \'al- 
paraiso, Ind. ; and the Chi- 
cago School of Medicine and 
Surgery, Chicago. Til. 
With an education so well founded he traveled extensively in America and 
is registered as a pharmacist in Xew York City and State, the State of Colorado, 
and the State of Illinois. As a ]5hysician he is registered in the State of Illinois 
and the State of Xew Jersey, where he has settled down to complete his life 
work so auspiciousl\ begun. 

Dr. Hotwet's education and his personality have brought him in touch with 
the leading men of his profession throughout the country. He is a member of 
the Hudson County Medical Society, the Xew Jersey State Medical Society, the 
American Aledical Association, and the Alumni Association of \'alparaiso Col- 
lege. He is also a fellow of the Xew York Academy of Medicine and of the 
the Academy of Medicine for Xorthern Xew Jersey in Newark, as well as an 
honorarv member of the Physico-Chemical Academy of Palermo. Italy. 

Dr. Hotwet believes that the phvsician should take care of himself and en- 
jo\- his recreations as well as his patients. He is a firm believer in exercise and 
outdoor sports. He believes that man sihould get close to nature at times and 
that there is no greater or better sedative for tired nerves antl physical and men- 
tal exhaustion than getting back to nature. He is fond of hunting and fishing 
himself and enjoys those sports as often as possible. He has some splentlid 
trophies of his skill as a sportsman on both land and water. He also enjoys 
automobiling, and with congenial companions, finds this one of his chief sources 
of pleasure. He is an ardent trapshooter and president of the Mohegan Gun 
Club of North Bergen, which meets every Saturda\- afternoon for the purpose 
of enjoying that pastime. 




118 



To a man whose tendencies lead him tcj the chase and fishing- i^^rounds it 
is indeed a pleasure to hear Dr. Flotwet converse on these subjects. He has 
no end of good stories to tell of encounters in the mountains and at the lakes. 
He has the data to back up all his tales and often there is also physical proof in 
the shape of trophies, etc., as well. The doctor, however, is not one of those 
men who tells hunting and fishing tales in order to glorif\- himself and so those 
tales are not of such a nature that proof is demandeil. 

Dr. Hotwet abhors a nature faker. Having lived so nuieh in the open and 
liaxing seen so much of the flora and funa of America he is able to detect a nature 
faker at once and makes no dela}- in denouncing one. although he never rushes 
into print for the sake of contradiction. He tells his observations to his friends 
and intimates that something more than the truth has been told when a nature 
faker becomes prominent enough for notice. He believes, also, there are stranger 
things in the sea and air than have yet been discovered and so when a new dis- 
ci>\er\- is made, or alleged, he gives the discoverer due credit, leaving it to f)thers 




to find out if there has Ijeen reall_\- any attempt at falsehootl. If, however, a tale 
of discovery bears upon it the face of falsehood, he is ([uick to denounce it 
to his large circle of friends. Occasions for contradiction are rare, however, 
for the true student of nature seldom tells anything but the most rigid facts in 
connection with his studies and observations. As it is the true student whose 
stories are told to the world at large, and few nature fakers gain the credence of 
the public and of learned men, the doctor is inclined to give credit unless it is 
in case of deliberate falsity or of deductionse from false observations. 

Many friends of Dr. Hotwet have tried times without number to get him 
to write his interesting and entertaining experiences and give them to the 
world at large in Ijook form. The doctor, however, is in a way modest and he 
believes that, although he may entertain his friends, he would not prove as 
entertaining with the pen as with his conversation. So the world has lost many 
a good tale of adventure, possibl\- some more interesting than manv which have 
been transmitted to paper by men more egotistical than Dr. Hotwet. 



119 



Dr. Hotwet's life and environments have been made such that he has al- 
ways been independent, financially and medically, but that independence has 
never taken the form of boorishness or snobbery. The doctor is a firm believer 
in the adage of the poet that ''a man is a man for a' that." That is, if a man 
proves himself to the doctor, neither poverty nor riches has any bearing upon 
the doctor's friendship. This is so well understood in North Hudson and in 
other places where the doctor is known that he is well liked wherever he casts 
his lot. 

Such characteristics as those of Dr. llotwet are rare to find in combination. 
Me is likable, learned, gentle, kind and at the same time detests anything of 
artificialitv. He thinks a man should be what he is and what he has made him- 
self. The doctor has every respect for the man who rises above his environ- 
ment and it is said he has lent a helping hand to more than one of his acquain- 
tences just when that helping hand was most needed and when it was most ex- 
pedient. Certain it is. that the doctor, as every other physician, has done much 
in a charitable wa7, bui no one ever hears him tell of it. He does not believe 
that his left hand should know what his right hand does when it comes to 
charity. He is perfectly willing anyone should know of his own experiences 
in wood and stream, but he holds the secrets of his poorest patient as inviolable 
in his breast as if it were a secret of his own. 

Dr. Hotwet's home and office are splendidly fitted up and are among the 
prettiest in the entire countv. He is fond of substantiality and makes no pre- 
tense of anything else. He is proud of his family and his son, 5 years old. Henry 
Ameroy Hotwet, Jr.. is the apple of his e\e. His wife was Fannie X'iolet \'on 
Osthoff. 




4lniir;ib iHauurl Irrtnr, M, i. 




A 



-Mt).\(i the meilical [.ractilioners of 
I ludson County there is none more 
prominent than Joseph ^^anuel 
l\ecicir. who is a splendid e.\am])le of the 
kind of men the South furnishes the North 
at times. Dr. Rector was horn in Charles- 
ton. South Carolina. 11 is parents were 
rierson Rector and Mary lilizaheth Rector 
( nee Jordan. ) 

He was educated in Trinity Church 
School Xew York City: Hashrouck In- 
stitute. Jersey City: Columhia College 
School of Arts and Columhia Cniversity 
School of Medicine. Since beginning ac- 
tive practice he has made a record as a phy- 
sician of ability, one remarkable case being 
recorded in the annals of the North Hud- 
son Hospital, where he is hospital surgeon, 
r.esides being connected with the North 
lludson Hospital, he is gynecologist at the 
Jersey City Hospital, surgeon of the (^er- 
man Hospital, city physician of Jersey City, surgeon of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company, a director of the ( lerman Hospital, permanent delegate to the 
New Jersey State Medical Societ). fellow of the New York .\cademy of Medi- 
cine and fellow of the Northern New Jersey Academy of Aledicine. He is 
also a member of the Practitioners' Club of Jersey City, the Hudson County 
Medical Society and the Association of Military Surgeons. Fraternally he is 
]M-ominent in ^lasonary. a member of the Phi Ciamma Delta, the Philoxian 
Literary Society of New York City and the Union League Club of Hudson 
Count\-. Industrially he is a director of the Rutherford Rubber Co. 

In military Hfe he has been successively: Battalion Assistant surgeon of 
the medical department, surgeon of the medical department and major of the 
medical corps, all of the Fourtli Regiment. N. G. N. J. He has just promoted 
successive!}' from the rank of first lieutenant to that of major. 




121 



iautii IRn^rr Atuirll. M. i. 

^p|A\'ID Roger Atwell, M. D.. with lionic and ufticcs at 607 Hudson Stree^ 
•Ipl Hoboken. was born July 12. 1858. at Waterville, Oneida County, X. Y. 
'^^ He obtained his education in the schools of his native town, gradu- 
ating from the Waterville High School and Academy in 1880. After a 
_vear of study with a preceptor, preparatory to entering a medical college, 
he began the study of medicine in the fall c)f 1881 in Cleveland, Ohio, and 
in the following year entered the New York Homeopathic Medical College 
and Flower Hosjiital in Xew York Lity. from which institution he was gradu- 
ated in 1885. 

After leaving college he immediately took u[) the practice of medicine 
in the office of the late Dr. James Manaton, in Hoboken. to whose practice 
Dr. Atwell succeeded upon the death of Dr. Manaton. His position in the 
medical world was recognize^ by the late Governor l.eon Abliett, who ap- 
pointed him to the Board of State Medical Examiners during the first two 
\-ears uf the board's existence. He is a member of the New Jersey State 
Medical Societv and of the American Institute of Homeopathy. 

During his career in Holwken Dr. Atwell has been both successful and 
prominent. He has gained the confidence of a large circle of friends and 
cliej^ts. His practice has always been of the better class, and therefore his 
work in instituticms has been limited. Like all physicians he does a great 
deal of charitable work in an unostentatious way. and he has always been 
ready to sacrifice his own comforts to the needs of those in distress through 
illness. 

Notwithstanding his large and growing jjractice. he has found time to 
keep tlioroughh- informed in the progress of medicine, and this has kept 
him abreast of the times so that in the treatment of ills he takes advantage 
of the modern methods which appeal to him as l)eing etticacious. In doing 
this he has not gone ahead with the recklessness which many jjhysicians 
and health enthusiasts display, but rather has been careful to be sure of 
his results. He has taken good care of himself in the meantime, and bids 
fair to Continue his practice for many }'ears to come. 

JREDERICK BYRON STELLWAGEN, whose home and office are at 
28 Clifton Terrace, Weehawken, was born in Rome, N. Y.. on Atigust 
30, 1866. His parents were Philip and Charlotte Stellwagen. He at- 
tended the public schools in Rome and after his preliminary education en- 
tered Union College at Schenectady. N. Y. His medical degree was obtained 
from the Albany Medical College, after lea\ing which he took a post graduate 
course at the New York Post Graduate School. He also took a post graduate 
course in Electro-Therapy in the New York Electro-Therapeutic School. 
Here he specialized in electro-surgery. 

While a competent physician in every way. Dr. Stellwagen has a distinct 
leaning toward the practice of surgery and it is in this branch of the pro- 
fession that he excels. Many remarkable cures are credited to him through 
his skillful use of the knife. In his chosen field he has gained a wide and 
enviable reputation. As a diagnostician, also, he is eminent and his opinions 
are regarded highl}- by his brethren in the medical field. 

The doctor has a private sanitarium at (.irantwood and here much of his 
best work has been done. He has excited the envy, but not the jealousy, of 
his contemporaries and a gcod many of his patients are obtained at their 
hands. 

He is actively appreciative of affairs of local interest, especially those 
which make for the cure of illnesses and the preservation of health. He is 
strong in his opinions and because of this he has made some enemies, but 
none will dispute his ability and even his enemies have a high opinion of 
his work. 

122 



(Eltarlrii Alrxmiiirr (gtlrhrist. M. B. 

/C|Y JlARLl'^S Alexander Gilohnsl, .\1. L)., wlio, since Octuljer, 1893. has 
l|l practiced medicine and surgery in Hoboken, was particularly fortunate 
^"^ in choosing the mile square city fur Iiis lifework, for he has not only 
attained a lucrative practice there, hul la- has won the respect and esteem 
of all reputable citizens. 

Dr. Ciilchrist was born August 11, 1867, in West Charlton, X. Y. His 
(larents were James B. Gilchrist and Anna M. Gilchrist (nee Donnanj. After 
attending the public schools he took a two-year course at the Newark 
Academy, Newark, Del., in 1883-1885. From here he entered the Lafayette 
College at Easton, Pa., in 1885. graduating with the degree of A. B. in 1899. 
He then attended Columbia University in New York, and was graduated 
from there in 1892 with the degree of M. D. In the same year he was given 
the degree of A. M. by Lafayette College. 

Coming to Hudson County in October, 1892, he entered Christ Tiospital 
as house physician and surgeon, where he remained until October, 1893, when 
he settled in Hoboken. He is still aftiliated with Christ Hospital as one of 
the attending physicians. 

From the first he affiliated with the foremost people of his adopted 
city. He belongs to the Columbia Club of Hoboken, in which is enrolled all 
the prominent men of the city. Being a physician, a great deal of his interest 
is centered in medical organizations. He is a member of the Jersey City 
Practitioners' Club, the American Medical Association and the Hudson 
County Medical .\ssociation, all of which are organized for the protection of 
the interests of physicians and surgeons and the prevention of disease as 
far as possible. 

Throughout his entire career he has been chosen as worthy of more than 
passing mention. Some of the works in which he is referred to are: Columbia 
University Catalogue, 1754 to 1906; ''Universities and Their Sons," '"Men 
of Lafayette College," 1891, and "College Physicians and Surgeons." 

^^'hen in Hoboken Dr. Gilchrist makes his home at 916 Hudson street. 
He has also a handsome summer home at 2 St. Andrews avenue. Centre 
Island, Toronto, Canada. 




123 



Ttl EXRY \'. BROESER. M. D.. whose home and offices are at 628 Hud- 
jtj ^o" street, Hoboken, is one of those medical men who have specialized 
'^ along certain lines, the result being a highly trained and efficient 
diagnostician. Dr. Broeser specializes along the lines of gastro-intestinal 
diseases and in the diagnosis and treatment of the cases which come to his 
attention calls into aid the wonderful Roentgen rays by which he can actually 
see the intestinal processes and tell what is taking place there, where the 
trouble is located and what causes it. Knowing the trouble, the place of 
trouble and the cause of trouble it stands to reason that he can treat such 
diseases in a most successful manner. 

Dr. Broeser was born in Jersey City, June 7, 1S69. His parents, William 
Broeser and Catharine Broeser, nee W'estphal. His early education con- 
sisted of Ptiblic School No. 6 in Jersey City, Brown's Business College, also 
in Jersey City, and the New York Preparatory School. From 1884 to 1896 
he was with the Pennsylvania railmad, where he rose from the position of 
')ffice boy to that of train dispatcher's telegrapher. He is a graduate of the 
New York Homeopathic College and Flower Hospital, in which institution 
he was interne 1900- 1902. His medical and surgical knowledge was gained 
under the most advanced tutors of the time and when he located in Hol)oken 
and hung out his shingle there, he was so well equipped with the knowledge 
of the human body, its ailments and their cures, that success was immediate. 

The doctor is not only well known in medical circles, but in financial 
aflfairs he has become quite a figure. At the present time he is president of 
the New Jersey Mines Company of Nevada and of the Interstate Holding 
Company of New Jersey. 

He devotes a considerable portion of his time to medical societies and is 
a member of the Machon Medical Club, the New York Medical Association 
and the New Jersey -State Medical .\ssociation. By the members of these he 
is looked ttpon as an authority in the special lines along which he practices, 
and his advice is often sought. He is the senior examiner of the Prudential 
Insurance company for the Hoboken district. 

^^'hen at leisure, the doctor takes in a baseball game. He is an enthusiast 
in baseljall matters, and likes nothing so well as to see his favorite teams in 
:i battle on the diamond. 




124 



Arthur BWimn aiuflttu. IH. i. 




A 



krilLK W II.I.IAM JUSTIN", .M. [).. 
is one of Xortli lliuison's yoiine;- 
est physicians. He was l)orn in 
Lnion Hill in i8go. his parents being Wil- 
liam and Adeline Justin. That he located 
and established his first practice there, that 
the practice is a lucrative one and that he 
numbers among his ]jatients some of the 
foremost families of the neighborhood, 
shows just (how high (he stands in the. 
esteem of those who have known him from 
boyhood. 

Dr. Justin is a ])niduct of the Union 
Hill schools, including the High School. 
of which he is a graduate. As a physi- 
cian he is a graduate of Cornell Univer- 
sity Medical College in 191 1. and also was 
interne and is a 1913 graduate of Bellevue 
Hospital, X. Y., where he acquired a 
splendid knowledge of common and 
special ailments. He settled in Union 
Hill at 548 Humboldt .Street, corner 
■pecial ailments. He settled in Union Hill at 548 Humboldt Street, corner 
iludson Boulevard, in 1913 and since that time has been one of the assistant 
visiting physicians at the North Hiidsim Hos])ital, where his opinions and 
fiiagnoses are much respected. 

He was appointed town physician of the Town of Union last }ear. He 
has given the town a great deal of his time and it is claimed bv his friends that 
he is one of the most conscientiotis physicians who has ever held the office. 

\\"hile he is kept busv with his town duties and his growing clientele, he 
tinds time for tiie study of the newer wonders of medicine and surgery and 
takes advantage of all the newest discoveries in the medical and surgical world 
which he regards as efificacious. He has been very successful, both in his prac- 
tice and in the cure of disease and bids fair tn rank among the leading physi- 
cians of the section. 




ICnutH 41. WirtH, M, 9. 




-pULIS J. WIRTZ. .M. 1).. a native of 
HJj Alsace-Lorraine, war born Septem- 
' her 7, 1881. his parents being Joseph 

and Eugenia W'irtz. He came to West 
Moboken when a small boy and has lived 
most of his life there. He is a graduate 
of St. Michael's parochial school, tliat 
town; St. Peter's College. Jersey City ana 
the medical University of Baltimore. He 
served as house surgeon at St. Francis 
Hospital. Jersey City, for one year and 
then took up the practice of his profession 
in ^\'est Hoboken. where he is now num- 
bered among the most prominent of th'.' 
town's physicians. He has been school 
physician of that town, a position which hf 
filled with credit tn himself and to the 
benefit of the children of the town. He 
has been solicited to enter politics many 
times, but has steadfastly refused to do 
sii. believing a political career will inter- 
fere with his clKisen ])rofession. 



Arrlnbal^ Erurst Wipp, M. i. 



Akl llir.ALL) Ernest ( )lpp. .M . IX. whose h.mie i-, at 412 High 
Street. West Hcil)i:iken. is among the most successful and most 
widely known physicians in North Hudson. His activities in public 
affairs have brought him to the front as a public-spirited citizen of marked 
degree. His practice is large and constantly increasing. His friends are 
legion. 

Dr. Olpp was Ijurn in South Bethlehem, Pa.. May 12. 1882. His parents 
were John Olpp and Matilda Segel-Olpp. His early edtication was in the 
public schools of his native town, and he afterward graduated from the 
Moravian Parochial School of South Bethlehem. After his graduation here 
he attended the I.ehigh University, also of South Bethlehem, from which 
he matriculated in 1903. with a degree in analytical chemistry. He then 
entered the University of Pennsylvania, graduating with his degree in medi- 
cine in 1908. 

His educational work was followed 1)y that o{ instructor. He was a 
teacher of chemistry at the Lehigh University in 1903-1904. and an instructor 
at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, 1908-1909. His work 
here attracted the attention of eminent physicians and surgeons and he 
could have continued successfullv as an instructor had he chosen that field 
of endeavor. 

He was anxious to get into active practice, however, and \Vest Hoboken 
and North Hudson attracted him as a field. W'hile here his ability has 
l>een recognized, and he has been and is now tow^n physician for West 
Hoboken, school physician for the Borough of Secaucus and pathologist at 
the North Hudson Hospital, where his opinions and diagnoses are highly 
regarded bv the entire resident and visiting staff. 

Mrs. Olpp was previous to her marriage Miss Beatrice W. Seiple. of 
Landsdale, Pa., daughter of Rev. Henry and Salome -Seiple of that town. 
Dr. Olpp has one hobby outside of his work, and that is agriculture. He 
is a good farmer. He owns two estates, one at Landsdale. Pa., and one 
at Thomasville. Ga. 

126 



'^ Richard l'a,y:aiielli. M. [).. willi liume and ol'lice^ at 836 (lanlon 
(J[ Street, Hoboken, was born April 5, 1881, at San Salvo, Italy. His 

^^* i)arents were \'itale and Loreta Artese Paganelli. He came to 
this coinitry when hut a lioy and received his early education here. He is 
a splendid example of the opportunities afforded foreign-born citizens if tiicy 
but apply themselves to their chosen line of endeavor. 

Doctor Paganelli was graduated from Public School No. 21. in New 
York Citv. as well as the supplementary department of Public School No. 
79, the same city. He attended the DeW'itt Clinton High School, also iii 
that city, and received private instruction at his home. He was gradu- 
ated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Baltimore, Md., in 
iqo^. Finding Ho1)oken a good field for a doctor, he located there and has 
become eminentlv successful in his specialty, which is that of ophthalmic 
surgeon. 

In his specialty he is an authority and his opinions are highly regarded. 
He was formerly occulist and aurist for the Delaware. Lackawanna and 
\\'estern Railroad and assistant ophthalmic surgeon for the Italian Hospital 
in New York City. At present he is attending ophthalmic surgeon for 
the Northern Dispensary and clinical assistant in the New^ York Eye and 
Ear Infirmary. 

In the medical and surgical world he is well known. He is a memlier 
of the American Medical Association, Section of ( )phthmalolgy. the New Jer- 
State Medical Society, the Hudson County Medical Society, the Hoboken 
Medical Society, the Academy of Medicine of Northern New Jersey and 
the Physicians and Surgeons Society of Baltimore, Md. He is secretary 
of the Tri-State Alumni Society (New York. New Jersey and Connecticut), 
president of the Alumni of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Balti- 
more, Md.. and vice-president of the Dante Alghieri Society. He is also a 
metnber of Hoboken Lodge, No. 74. Benevolent and Protective Order rf 
Elks. He does a good deal of charitable work among the people, and is 
highly regarded bv professional, business and society people of his adopted 
citv. 




127 



JUilltam iKamlah 




m 



IJJA.M KA.MLAH, who conducts a 
drug- store at 86 Hudson Street 
Hoboken. has risen in professional 
life blieerl)- through the force of character 
and attainment. He was born November 
22. 1862. in Jersey City Heights, his parent., 
being Carl and Adeline Kamlah. He was 
'jilucated at a ]irivate school in Belleville, 
until his tenth year, when he was sent to 
the Real Schule at \\ eimar. ( iermanw from 
1872 to 1878. 

Upon his return, to the L'nited States 
-Mr. Kamlah entered the wholesale drug 
business of Lehn & I'ink, where he spent 
two }ears. He then served as a clerk in 
the retail drug business in various cities 
and finally in 1884 purchased the drug busi- 
ness at his present location, which had been 
established since 1845. He married in 
1886. 

He is affiliated with the Xew Jersey 
I'liannaceutical .\ssociation. the Deutscher Apotheker N'erein of Xew York 
City, the (ierman Club of Hoboken. Hoboken Council of the Royal Arcanum, 
Elysian Council of the Lo\al Association, Court Hudson County of the In- 
dependent ( )rder of Foresters and the Full Moon F>owding Club. He is a life 
meuiber of the Hoboken Lodge of Elks. 

He has a handsome home at 1254 Garden Street. Hoboken. He is a great 
lover of miLsic and the opera and has a passionate fondness for his home and 
family. His entry into Hoboken was of so much importance that he is accord- 
ed prominent space in a history published some years ago by the Evening X^ews, 
Kamlah is an interesting conversationalist i .id is highly regarded by a large 
circle of friends and associates. 




12S 




iRral IzBtnU in l^itisau (Emmtij 

«»v^ AXD \alue> in tlie Melruixililan Zciiic ha\ e increased cnnnniiu.sly in 
41] recent years, and this is especially true in Hudson County. The real 
^^ estate investor, the manufacturer, the home builder and the rent payer 
have all been turning their attention toward the part of New Jersey so con- 
venient to Manhattan. Every section of Hudson County has received the 
benefits which accrue through a conservative and wholesome real estate de- 
velopment. There ha\-e been no land booms and. in consequence, nu infla- 
tion of real estate values; the increase in valuation is consistent witli the 
growth of the cities and towns throughout the County. 

During the last decade Greenville, Bayonne and a large part of Jerse}- 
City have experienced a remarkable development. Large tracts of land w hich 
were formerlv farms, woods, or marsh land, are now dotted with numerous 
industrial establishments, or are laid out in attractive residential sections in 
which maj- be found the latest types of single and two-family houses, apart- 
ments and flats. 

North Hudson, too, has undergime an amazing transformation within 
the last ten years — in fact, every munici])ality has felt the stimulus and is 
expanding rapidlv. There is ncit a communit}' liut can boast of many new 
streets, new factories and the most modern types of dwellings. 

Thousands of workers from the big city across the river are disco\ering 
the advantages which lay at their very doors, and are taking up their alxides 
in Hudson County. 

Nor is Hudson County neglectful of the health and comfort of its citizens. 
County parks expansive in area and well laid out. afford ample recreation 
facilities for the people. These parks efficiently conducted are located in the 
various sections. In addition to attractive lawns, flower l^eds and well-shaded 
walks, they contain swimming and wading pools, playgrounds for children 
of all ages, music pavilions, tennis and basket ball courts, running tracks and 
space for other athletic activities. In the winter, portions of these park areas 
are flooded for the enjoyment of skating and curling. 



129 



3lamrH ©hontBon 

/■^\F ALL tiic builders and real estate men, James Thomson, who is re- 
llfJ garded bv friends generally as "the man who put ^^'oodcliff on the 
^~^ map," is probably the most progressive in the county. At any rate 
he has done more building and sold more houses than any other man in the 
county in the face of the so called real estate slump of 1913 and 1914. 

That Thomson found no slump is due. no doubt, to his progressive 
methods, the excellence of Thomson homes and the splendid terms upon 
which one of the homes can be bought. He developed an area of two entire 
streets in WoodclifY, erected thereon handsome stucco and cement one family 
houses, replete with the latest of improvements and decorations, built them 
in a substantial manner on good large lots and almost as fast as he could 
build he had them sold. 

No one can describe Thomson homes as they should be described. They 
cannot be left to the imagination. They must be seen to be thoroughly ap- 
preciated. They are really the most handsome homes offered in Hudson 
county toda\'. While there is a uniformity of interior construction in several 
designs, tin- outside ornamentation gives them an individuality seldom found 
in any big rows of speculation property built today. They are furnished 
with the little things which make homes comfortable and cozy. They are 
high and dry. They offer splendid facilities for the home hunter, and they 
can be bought almost for a song, so far as the ready cash goes. The carrying 
charges are so light as to make the expense even cheaper than paying rent 
and all the while the purchaser is putting money into a home for himself, 
instead of into the pockets of a landlord. 

A little bit of the personal history of Thomson, showing how he has 
battled with the world, perhaps will give the reader an insight into the char- 
acter of the man, which is reflected in the erection of his homes. Thomson 
is a Scotchman. He has been a great traveler. He spent a great deal of his 
earlier life in .\ustralia. Africa and South .\nierica. When he came to this 
country, he had to borrow money enough fr(.ini a shipmate to |)ermit him to 
land. Me succeeded in getting in all right, and since that time has been 
I- akino; history and homes in Hudson count}'. 

He had a life-time experience, that of lii> father l)efore him in ln'ime 
development, so it becomes natural to him to liuild a home as the public 
wants it. He spent his first few months here going around the various 
suburbs to see where he could best locate. After visiting about twenty 
different sections, he picked out what he considered was the best three and 
from tiiese he chose "\\'oodclifT, since when he has advised many friends to 
get hold of Woodcliff property, as he belie\es it is the best location in the 
real estate market today. 

Thomson accumulated a little money, kept his eye on the WoodclifT 
property he intended to de\elop, finally got hold of it and began to build. 
There are now something like se\ent\-fi\e houses to the credit of Thomson's 
enterjjrise in W'oodcliff, and there are nn)re building. 

Thomson is a man of indomitable energy. He is his own su])erintendent 
and architect. He personallv riverlooks every bit of work put into the homes 
he has built and is building. He insists upon it that everything is done in a 
workmanlike manner. He buys the best materials, but is a close buyer. He 
pays cash every time he can save a dollar by doing so. He takes the full 
credit limit whenever there is nothing to be made by prompt payment. Those 
with whom he deals are glad to give him the credit limit, for they know 
their bills are good when the limit has expired. He contracts for nothing 
he does not see his way clear to pay for. In this manner he gets the best 
value for the least possible money. He is content with a reasonable builder's 
jM-ofit upon the homes he sells. 

Thomson is not an insurance man. He is a developer. He is a specialist 
in the field of development, and that portion of Woodclifif which he has built 
will remain as a monument to him for many years to come. 

130 



tlliam ?J. Mlntr 




3J 



ITTLIi need be said to iiitrodiicu 
William 1 1. While, who for the past 
t\vent\ years has been m the real 
estate and insurance business in Hoboken 
and who during that time has made for 
liiniself a record as a quiet, unassuming, 
hut at all times a thorough business man. 

Mr. White was born in Ireland, June 
(), 1848. He received a common .school 
education, came to this country when a 
young man. saw an (i|)enin.t;- tur real 
estate and insurance 1 ipcratu in-> and, at 
once set about to make good. Th.it he 
has done so is the testimony of his 
fricn<K, wdio are legion. 

l'rol)ablv no man in the real estate and 
nisurance business in Hoboken is better in- 
formed in these lines than Mr. White. His 
knowledge is the result of years of 1)usiness 
!'xperience. He has a thorongii knowledge 
of values, is a splendid appraiser and a 
careful and conscientious underwriter. He has people on his books who have 
been with him from the first of his business career and he has others whose 
fathers were with him before them. He is one of those rare insurance men 
who looks first for the interests of his client and afterwards for the welfare 
of himself and the companies he represents. Yet so just is he that none of the 
companies has ever had a word of fault to find with him and his method of 
operations. 

Mr. White liids fair to continue his business operations in his adopted city 
for many years to come and it is the wish of his friends that he may be long 
spared to do so. 




131 



(CharlrB W. SauiiaU 




i! ^cUlcd in llic (ilil lltiil>(in ( it\ 



Z|Y HARLES W. RAXD- 
l|| ALL, architect a n c'l 
^■■^ builder, with home and 
IjusiiK-ss offices at the corner 
of Lake Street and Hudson 
Avenue, West Hoboken, is 
one of those men the town 
and all Xorth Hudson honors 
because he has, by his own 
efforts, overcome obstacle!^ 
encountered in youth and 
proven that opportunities for 
success 'are by aio means, 
things of the past for the 
\oung man who applies him- 
self to the line of work for 
^vhich he is best fitted and 
follows it for his life work. 
Air. Randall is practically 
a native of Xorth Hudson. 
He was born m old Hudson 
City, near the site of the old 
court house on March 7, 1856. 
This was then only a small 
settlement. His parents were 
( ieorge \\'. Randall and Sarah 
Hillier. who came to this 
countrx from England in the 
section. Thev were married 



early forties and 
in this country. 

He commenced his schooling, which was very limited, in an old hall known 
as Leitze's Hall, on what is now Iteacon Avenue, while School Xo. r of tlud- 
son Citv, now .School X(j. '> of jersey I'ity, was being built. He was one of 
the first pupils entered in the new school upon its completion and attended there 
until he was fourteen years of age, when he began his working days in Xew 
York. Since that time, with the exception of three or four >'ears, he has lieen 
engaged in architecture. 

Pieside the schooling nientioncl the only time -Mr. Randall had to im- 
prove in learning was at night .schools, one of which was Cooper L'nion, where 
lie studied architecture and applied himself so diligently that he cpiickly be- 
came a finished architect. \\'hen through with his course there he opened an 
office as a practical architect. This was in i88f). Since that time he has been 
steadilv engaged in this profession and has designed and built more than 
tvvent\-five hundred buildings, the great majority of them homes, all through 
Hudson County, He makes a specialty of designing, building and furnishing 
money for those who build and is altogether a very busy man. 

These improvements are far too numerous to mention. .Kniong them is 
the viaduct leading from West Ploboken to Holjoken. The original promoters 
of the viaduct had in mind one leading from Jersey City Heights to a point 
further down in Hoboken, but the Town Improvers and Mr. Randall succeeded 
ill having the plans changed to that of the present structure. He was one of 
the promoters of the Rex Theatre proposition, which in time is bound to suc- 
ceed and of the public market idea on the site of the proposed theatre while 
the tiieatre project was waiting development. He believes implicitly in these 
pro])ositions and is readv to back his belief witli casli whenever necessary. 



13^ 



Hansen ^ Hansni. 




¥' 



'REDERICK C. HA.XSKX, who es- 
tablished the real estate and insur- 
ance business now conducted by 
him in conjunction with Paul A. and 
I'arnest R. Hansen, at 274 Bergenline 
Avenue, Union Hill, was born in Rends- 
Inirg. Germany. Septemlier 29, 1S49. His 
parents were H. Peter Hansen and Sophia 
riansen (nee Paschen.) They came to 
Union Hill in 1851. Frederick w-ent to 
a private school until the first public 
school was built in Union Hill on 
Lewis Street in 1858. He graduated in 
1863 and learned tlie trade of locksmith in 
Chicago. In 1867 he returned to Union 
1 [ill. engaged in the Belgian block business 
until 1876. when he was elected town clerk 
and established a real estate and insurance 
business. In iSqi he and John A. Ros-> 
fcirmed a partnership under the firm 
name of Hansen & Ross. Ross retired in 
igii and Mr. Hansen took his two sons 
into the firm. 
The fklcr ilan^eii was town clerk vmtil 1884. councilman. 1885 to 
1889: chairman of the Board of Council 1885 to 1888. He served as private, 
corporal, sergeant, orderly sergeant and first lieutenant in the National Guard : 
a fireman for fifteen years and president of exempt firemen for five years. He is 
a past master of Palisade Lodge of Masons, belongs to the Masonic X'eterans and 
the Alt Meisters' Circle of Masons, the State and local Exempt Firemen and 
the Eintracht Singing Society. He is a director of the Hoboken Trust Co., the 
Masonic Hall Building Assn.. the Town of Union B. and L. Assn. He de- 
veloped two big tracts of land at \\'est Xew York and had a country home at 
Ridgefield Park for several vears. The sons were educated in the public schools, 
Paul A. in Union Hill and Ernest R. in Ridgefield Park. 




^33 



(grorup El (CranmrU $: Ban 

^ M( )X(i the- oldest contracting tirms in North Hudson is that of George 
T\ W. Cranwell tS: Son. contractors of West Holsoken. The business was 
^ ^ started in i860 by the ekler Cranwell, soon after he came from Ireland 
to make his fortune in America. The offices of the firm are at 401 Clinton ave- 
nue, 340 Hudson avenue, and 355 Palisade avenue, ^^"est Hoboken. Among 
the first jobs done was the plastering of the original monastery building in 
1864, in commendation of which the firm has a carefullx' preserved letter from 
the priest at the head of monastery affairs at the time. The great bulk of the 
work of the firm is now left in charge of James Cranwell, the son, but George, 
still active and takes a great interest in what is going on. 

Some of the public buildings erected by the firm are the Free Public 
Library and Public schools 6 and 7 in ^^'cst Hoboken and the new High 
School in Union Hill, which has just been completed, as well as the Union 
Hill Town Hall. The firm owns about $230,000 wt)rth of real estate and much 
of this has been improved with splendid fiats, apartments and private houses. 
Two loft buildings, one at Mountain Road and Hudson avenue. West 
Hoboken, and another one upon which the firm is working, have been the 
means of bringing different business interests to ^\'est Hoboken. 

George Cranwell has a handsome home at 401 Clinton avenue, and the 
son, James, has his residence at 355 Palisade avenue. West Hoboken. The son 
was born in Union Hill, was educated in the Christian Brothers' Academy 
at Utica, X. V.. and has lived in Jersey for the past twenty-five years, (jeorge 
W. Cranwell's first vote in this country was for James Buchanan for President. 
He is now 79 years of age, is in possession of all his faculties and dearly loves 
a joke. In his reminiscences he tells of erecting the first building of \\hat is 
now the Peter brewery, and the present \\'illiam Peter residence. The work 
was done for George Fausel and was completed in 1863. 



134 



Auiuist iKlrfukr 



j\ UCUST KLKIXKi:. of 383 Clintuii 
•A axenue, West Hoboken, is amoii^- 
■^ the most widely known and most 

sufcessful builders of North Hudson. He 
has been the contractor in manv o\ tlio 
large building operations of the county. 
and so generally satisfactory has been 
his work that in many cases he has not 
had to do com]jetitive bidding to secure 
Work of considerable magnitude. 

Kleinke makes good everywhere you 
put him. His business is among the 
.ildcsi in West Hoboken, and he has con- 
ducted it so efficiently as to ha\e made 
for himself an enviable name among 
builders generall}-. He has all the work 
he wants to do at any time, and continu- 
ally keeps a considerable force of work- 
ingmen on the various jobs he is doing 
here, there and everywhere about the 
County and elsewhere. 

Besides being a successful builder. Mr. 
Kleinke has been successful in politics, 
having been West Hoboken councilman. 
In his official career Air. Kleinke has been careful and economical. He 
found when he went into office that the town buildings were over insured. 
He had the insurance reduced to cover all possil)le loss and at the same 
time make a big saving for the town in the matter of premiums paid. He 
has been a close friend of the police and fire departments, and every man 
on either force swears bv him. 




3l0srpb ICitQnsrh 



-^/OSEPH LUGOSCH of 40S Kossuth street. Union Hill, is one of the fore- 
11 most architects in North Hudson. He has designed and superintended 
^-^ the erection of many buildings in this section, including the $400,000 
high school at Union Hill, and it is said of Lugosch that no building for 
which he superintended the erection has ever been a disappointment to his 
client. 

Mr. Lugosch is careful and conscientious in his work, and he expects and 
insists upon builders who are working under his direction, living up to 
specifications entirely and without reservation. Another splendid feature of 
Lugosch's work is that he understands prices for material so thoroughly that. 
given the price for which a certain structure is to be erected, he is a]:)le to 
draw the plans and specifications so carefully that he invariably keeps within 
the appropriation if it is at all reasonable for the Iniilding imder contempla- 
tion. 

There may be better architects in North Hudson than Mr. Lugosch. He 
himself doesn't claim to be the best. But this much is certain : there is no 
none more careful and more correct in his work whatever he is called upon 
to do. 



135 



dIultuB Urnmatt 



AMONG the more important builders of the North Hudson section is 
Julius \'roman. head of the \'roman Construction Company, of 5395 
Hudson Boulevard, North Bergen. Through Mr. \'roman and his 
company many of the newer buildings in North Hudson, especially North 
Bergen and \Vest New York ha\e lieen built. A large force of men is almost 
constantly employed, and .Mr. \'ri)man has surely not stifTered b}' any lack 
of building construction. 

It is characteristic of .Mr. N'roman that he personally undertakes t(j over- 
see any W(irk of which his company has charge. It is also characteristic of 
him that, while he permits of no waste, while he gets the best there is out of 
his men. while he conducts his business with a degree of efficiency seldom 
obtained by a builder, that he does not stand for substitution of inferior ma- 
terial, and that every stick and stone laid lander his direction must be thor- 
oughly up to specifications. It is of no use trying to palm ofif inferior material 
upon Mr. \"roman. He will not accept it. He demands the best for himself 
and this means the best for those who entrust him with their work in his line. 

There is n(.) class of building work which he will not undertake. There 
is no job too big for him and his men to accomplish. He takes entire con- 
tracts, as well as for those of a strictly building nature. Many buildings in 
his vicinity were erected under his supervision, iron work, plumbing, etc., 
being sublet to the lowest bidders in whom he has confidence. He has been 
known to nicirc than niice accept a higher bid for work and material than 
the lowest, simply because he knew he could depend up<iii the man making 
the bid to give him the best at the price named. 

It is such men as Mr. \'roman who are bringing the work of building 
back to the standard of older days when "houses were built on honor."' It 
is such men as he who discourage the work of those who build for speculation 
without regard to the rights of the purchaser. 



136 



Sautrl lrx*mpH 



^gAXIEL BERMES, in business as a real estate and insurance man in the 
13 Xeilson building, 138 Fourth street, Union Hill, is one of the foremost 
^"^ men in that line of business in Xorth Hudson. He makes a specialty 
of mortgage loans and has on his books many clients who have been able to 
build and make improvements because of the liberal, withal sound, financial 
arrangements they have been able tii make through this young man. 

While being a good business man, Air. Bermes is a genial soul. He has 
a large circle of acquaintances and friends. His insurance business is among 
the largest in the ct)unty, because of his friendships, and it is his boast that 
every client is either a personal friend or becomes such after dealing with him. 

Fraternally Mr. Bermes is popular. He is a Royal Arch Mason in good 
standing and lielongs to number of clubs and societies, the members of which 
are always pleased to welcome "Dan", as they call him, whenever he makes 
an appearance. 



(El^arlra % NptlHUu 



/^ HARLES H. NEILSON. builder, whose home is on Broadway, West 
l| I New York, has done much for the town of Union, as well as his home 
^■^ town, is one of the best known Iniilders of North Hudson. His abilit\ 
as a builder has been proven by erecting hundreds of all kinds of buildings, 
like factories, apartment houses, mansions, banks and churches, one of his 
latest works being the handsome office, store and theatre building on Fourth 
street. Town of Union, which carries his name, being known as the Neilson 
building. It is the only absolutely fire-proof building of its kind in North 
Hudson. In this building are housed many of the leading offices of the town, 
as well as the Richmond Business College, an instittition of which the town 
can well feel proud. 

Mr. Neilson has been in the business of building in Xorth Hudson for 
the past fifteen years, and many r)f the finest buildings in West New York 
have been done under his direction. Of other structures erected in North 
Hudson, which will be monuments to Mr. Neilson may be mentioned the 
Weehawken Trtist Company building on Fourth street, the Necker building 
on Main street, Trinity Church on Sixteenth street and his Helen and Eliza- 
beth apartment houses on Fifth street. These apartments mav be taken as 
models for such structures anywhere. 

For the erection of the Neilson building alone the northern part of the 
county owes Mr. Neilson a vote of thanks. The building is right in the 
heart of w-hat it is supposed will be the new civic centre of North Hudson in 
a very few years. The proposed tunnel station of the Pennsylvania railroad 
will be in this vicinity, and there is no doubt that Fourth street will be one 
of the richest and most attractive thoroughfares in all North Hudson. 

Since the erection of the Neilson building there has been a general pick- 
ing up in that vicinity. The handsome new building erected by John Glueck 
& Son is right next door. Other buildings have had new fronts put in and 
the entire section has taken on a rather Metropolitan air. For much of this 
improvement there is no one to thank but Mr. Neilson, whose improvements 
are destined to play a prominent part in the development of North Hudson 
which is now going on and which will come in the future. 

Mr. Neilson's kindly, courteous and unassuming wavs have made him a 
host of friends. His name is synonomous with business integrity and upright 
dealing;. 



137 



(Uarl Alfrrii lurhnni 




/^ ARL ALFRED BURHoRX has risen 
l|l to prominence in the real estate and 
^■■^ insurance field solely through his 
clForts and ability. He was born in Xew 
Ycirk City, January 17. 1863. His parents 
were August and Henrietta Burhorn. The 
family moved to Hoboken when Carl was 
but five years of age. His education is 
strictly of the public schools, he being a 
graduate of the Hoboken High School m 
1877. 

At 15 Mr. lUirhorn went to work. He 
was seven years with an importing hosiery 
?nd glove house, three years bookkeeper 
and superintendent of a silk mill in Union 
Hill and ten years bookkeeper and corres- 
]'ondent with the firm of Decker Brothers, 
riano manufacturers. When the latter firm 



retired from business he engaged in life in- 



^.^ . 

niiw enjoys. 

He is treasurer of the Edwin Fjurhorn Company, contracting engineers 
of Xew York, junior warden and treasurer of Trinity Church, Holjoken, 
treasurer of the United Aid Society, superintendent nf Trinity Church Sun- 
day School, member of the cotincil of Christ Hospital, president of the Ho- 
boken Board of Trade, financial secretary of the Hoboken Academy, member 
of the German Club. Euclid Lodge of Alasons, Columbia Lodge of Odd Eel- 
lows, Martha ^\'ashington Rebekah Lodge of C)dd Fellows and Hoboken 
Lodge of Elks. 

Mr. Burhorn's residence is at i^fi Thirteenth Street. Hoboken. He is fond 
of good music and the best in literature. 



01. A. ^tsriot 



/^ A. TISSOT, real estate man and auctioneer, of 59 Newark street, Ho- 
(1 li.iken, was born in West Hoboken. June 24. 1859. He attended the 
^^» West Hoboken schools, grew up and married, has been the father of 
ten children and is the grandfather of four. Outside of his real estate busi- 
ness he has no greater hobby than his home. 

In 1871 he went into Wm. Hessee's old real estate office at 5 Newark 
street, Hoboken, as a clerk. \n August, 1881, he started in business for him- 
self. As a realty autioneer he has been eminently successful. For twentj^- 
eight vears he vv^as auctioneer for the D. L. and W. Railroad, but was forced 
to retire from this because of illness, which caused his partial retirement. 

He lives in the Hudson City section of Jersey City, and is a member of 
the advisory board of the Hudson City Branch Y. W. C. A., with Hon. Thos. 
McEwan and Thomas J. J. Stewart. He was never in politics. He is an 
Arcanian, a member of "the .\. ( ). U. ^\■.. and affiliated with the Jersey City 
lodg-e of Elks. 



138 



JJrrriP A. Hftitarttaa 



i%i*ERCIE A. VIVARTTAS, architect, at no Fourth street. Union Hill, 
^tl is among the foremost men of his profession in North Hudson. He 
Hf has erected and superintended the erection of many of the prominent 
i)uildings of that section. He goes about his work in that quiet, forceful way 
that characterizes him as a master of his profession. This impression is 
borne out by the actual results of his skill and industry, as shown in the 
private and public buildings to his credit. 

In his professional career Mr. Vivarttas has gained the respect and con- 
fidence of builders, contractors, financiers, etc.. with whom he has come in 
contact. Thcv recognize in him the business man in wjiom confidence can 
be placed. They know instinctively that he is above the sharp practices 
which would permit inferior material or inferior plans to profit his own 
pocketbook. \Vith Mr. Vivarttas every detail of plan must be carefully com- 
pleted before he will issue a certificate of acceptance of work. 

This very characteristic makes Mr. \'ivarttas a busy man. ^V1^ere 
others might be satisfied with a casual and perfunctory glance at work in 
hand, Mr. Vivarttas goes into minute details and wants to know just \i\'hat 
is being done, and how. He questions contractors carefully and observes 
keenly, li a flaw in the work or material is fotuid he is quick to detect it 
and to have the work done over with a warning that no such work must; be 
attempted upon buildings where he is the architect. This correction is dpne 
quietly and effectively. It is indeed a hardened contractor who would care 
to have his work twice corrected by Mr. \'ivarttas through any fault of the 
workmanship or material. 

Outside of his profession Mr. Vivarttas is the type of manhood of which 
any community might feel proud. His own characteristics are reflected in 
his work. Careful, conscientious, genial to a marked extent, vet always keen 
upon having everything "just right," makes Mr. Vivarttas a man with whom 
it is both a pleasure and a privilege to hold a friendship. 




139 



(^homae 31. igarmnn 



AAlUXG the Ijest known and most highly respected business men of 
Xorth Hudson is Thomas J. Harmon, surveyor, with offices at 140 
Fourth street. Union Hill. Mr. Harmon has been engaged in the 
surveying business for the past several years, and has practiced his pro 
fession in all parts of the county and state. 

Combined with the profession of surveyor is that of civil engineer. In 
this branch of his profession Mr. Harmon has become as well, if not better, 
known as in that of surveying. He has solved some pretty difficult problems 
hereabouts, and enjovs the patronage of road builders, contractors and 
Iniildcrs who know trustworthy work and want it done promptly and to their 
satisfaction. 

To the laxinan there is something mysterious about the work of the 
civil engineer and surveyor. It is difficult to conceive how. by squinting 
through a spv-glass, one may make darkness light before him and crooked 
paths straight. But squinting through the spy-glass is merely the super- 
ficial end of the profession, the part that is seen outside. Inside the observa- 
tions made through this same spy-glass, which, by the way. is a perfect 
measuring instrument, are worked out to satisfactorv conclusion, in which 
hills, valleys and projections have to be levelled to proper grade for the work 
in hand. This is done by a system of higher mathmetics not understood ex- 
cept by those having special training in this direction. In the civil engineering 
branch even higher mathmetics are brought into play, and the successful 
engineer mtist understand the laws of physics as well as mathematics in 
order to reach conclusions which satisfactorily settle the problem upon which 
he is engaged. 

Mr. Harmon has studied these things. He knows his work. He is com- 
]ietent to solve problems in ci\il engineering and surveying in a much more 
direct manner than many others of his profession because of his application 
to his work. 




140 



Inbrrl 4l. Bath 



'T(% *>KKR'r 1, RA'I'Il is fast forging to the front as (ine ni tlohciken's most 
^K cxten<i\e builders. His business has been organized fur the past 
'^^ t\vent\- years, and from a small beginning, has grown to be kniiwn as 
■ me of the biggist of the kind in Hudson county. This is due in a large 
measure to punctuality and good service, two attributes upon which Mr. 
R.ith prides himself and his work. 

While Mr. Rath is a good business man, he is extremelv nrndest and 
reticent. He is one of those men who want little said about their person- 
alities, but believes that good work should be rewarded by the praise of those 
fur whom that work is done. Consequently, when asked to say a little about 
himself, he replied: "Ask any of those for whom I have done wnrk. They 
can tell you more than I can. or more than I care to, at least." 

One finds his work scattered all over Hudson county, and wherever it is 
found, there is sure to be one of those buildings built in the old fashioned 
way — on hrmnr. .Mr. Rath would rather lose a few dollars and have his work 
done right, than make more money and have it done shabbily. 

Because of this characteristic his business has grown. He has a tdtal of 
twenty emplovees regularly, and this is a large force for a local contractor 
and builder to operate the year round. This force alone bespeaks the popu- 
larity of his work. Of course, he is always ready to put on extra hands when 
occasion arises, as it often does. ( )ne thing about Mr. Rath, no matter how 
many em]:)loyees he has working under him at any one time, he always insists 
U])on supervising the work himself, and no job gi\en to him is allowed to 
suffer liecause of lack of personal supervision. 

Architects are loud in their praise of Rath. They say they have as little 
trouble with him as with any contractor in the county, because he is as 
anxious as they to see that specifications are lived up to, and takes a personal 
pride in seeing that it is done. "You can trust Rath to do what is right," is 
a common saying among them. 

Rath's place of business is at 259 Sixth street, Hoboken, and it is a busy 
hive of industry when the men are not working on outside jobs. 




141 



Mirth 31. iHalnikcit 



ALI'Rl^l' j. MAHNKEX, ci\il and cmisulting engineer, associated with 
his hnitiier, Walter R. Mahnken, has built up one of the most promi- 
nent Iiiisiiiesses nf the kind in the northern and central section of 
Xew Jersey. As a graduate of Rutgers College and at the age of twenty-six 
he his successfully negotiated many difficult and ct)mplicated engineering and 
onstruction problems and is rated as a highly efficient man. 

Mr. Alahnken has prepared and made preliminar}- investigations, esti- 
mates, surveys, plans, specifications and supervised and contracted work for 
many of the architects, builders, constructors and engineers here in the East 
He is actively engaged in the survey and subdivision of property, in land- 
scape work for parks, private estates and cemeteries, in the design of street 
and road improvements, in making lx)rings and tests for foundations and in 
the designing of ])iers. docks and other water front improvements. 

He is considered a sanitary ex])ert. especially in the investigatinn. design 
and construction of sewerage systems and sewage disposal works, and he 
has been associated in the design and construction of various t_\pes of re- 
inforced concrete and steel structures, mill buildings, a])artment houses and 
dwellings. 

Mr. Mahnken is at all times genial, has a pleasant word and hearty 
welcome, shows a genuine interest in the ]i(ilitical and social affairs of this 
Community and appreciates a real friend. He is a man of strict integrit\- and 
his word js as good as his bond. 





142 



Mm 

of 

Affatrs 



143 



Abraham 31aii S^marpsl 



N(_) man in Hobokcn is mure wurthy nf extended nientidn in a w < irk like 
this than Abraham Jay I.'emarest, who tor the past thirty }ears has 
lieen connected with the intl:)hc schools in the city, being principal of 
the Hoboken High and (Irammar Schools for thirteen years, and for the 
past seventeen years superintendent of the public schools there. 

Mr. Demarest was born at River Edge, N. J., Feliruary 14. 1858. His 
parents were John A. Demarest and Elizabeth \'anderbeek, both of the sturdv, 
historical stock which has made New Jersey so justly famous in the annals 
of the new world. He inherited the sterling qualities of his progenitors, and 
with such an inheritance it is not to be wondered at that he occupies so 
high a position in the public affairs of his adopted city. 

He graduated from the public schools of his native \-illage. Being deter- 
mined to follow the life of an instructor, he was sent to the State Norma! 
School at Trenton, from which institution he graduated in 1882. He then 
took up his duties as princijjal of the first school located in Lower Teaneck 
N. J., from which he was chosen as principal of the Hoboken High and 
Grammar Schools. In 1906 the degree of B. S. was conferred on him bv the 
Unix'ersity of New York, and in 1908 he was again honnred b\- the Uni\-ersit\ 
with the degree (if .\. M. 

In Hobiiken his life has been quiet and une\'entful. He never forgot the 
dignity which his school duties required. He has been careful and conscien- 
tious in his school work, depending rather ujion the approval of his own sense 
of duty well done than upon the acclaim of the populace. He has always 
been a thinker of no mean ability, and a splendid example of that old school 
of preceptors who valued results more than sham progress in learning. 

Fraternally he has advanced with the years. For three years he was 
exalted ruler of Hoboken Lodge, No. 74, B. P. O. E. Li Masonic circles he 
is a member of Euclid Liidge, F. and A. AL ; Pentalpha Chapter, R. A. M., 
and Pilgrim Commandery, Knights Temidar. all of Hoboken. He is an active 
member of the Hoboken Board of Trade, and president of the Castle Point 
Building and Loan Association. His affiliations and his distinctions have 
been won solely because of the force of character which was inherited from 
his sterling forefather and which is noticeable in his everyday life. He comes 
under the tongue of true repute in every action of his public and private life. 

In "( lenealogy of New Jersey" Professor Demarest is mentioned as a 
descendant of the old New Jerse_\' families whose life is closely interwoven 
in the history of America, whose deeds of valor and whose natural nobility 
still have their influence upon the countrv and its people, and who are set 
down in history as among those who aided greatly in throwing the shackles 
of old world oppression ofT the shoulders of the new world when the fight for 
freedom became necessary because of the indignities heaped upon the 
American colonists b}' the old world rulers to whom they were subject. 

Mr. Demarest bids fair to be useful in the educational field for many 
years to come. When in the city he lives at 1017 Bloomfield street. His 
summer residence is at Lake Ho])atcong, New Jersey. 




144 



Alittu iBuuHtrkm* 




ALVIN HUNSICKER was 
born at Collegeville, Pa., 
on Septemljer 20, 1864. 
lie- is the yonngest son of 
Henry A. Hunsicker l)_v his 
first wife, Mary \\'cin1)erger. 
He was burn in what is now 
the main l^uihbng of Ursinus 
College while his father was 
still principal >i\ the institution, 
which was then called Free- 
land Seminary. lie inherited 
a na.tural taste and inclination 
fur books and learning. He 
recei\ed his education in his 
natne town; was graduated 
from Ursinus College at the 
age of nineteen iri 1S84. While 
at college he de\eli)pe(l into a 
fluent sjjeaker and a ready de- 
bater, a trait that served him 
well in his subsequent success- 
ful business career. 

.After leaving college he 
went til Philadelphia and ac- 
cepted a pnsitiiin willi his 
father in the lumber business. 
Leaving the lumber business 
in 1892, he l:>ecame the manager of a trade paper published in the interests 
of manufacturers, b'or seven years he remained in this position, during 
which period he came in contact with the leading industrial cimcerns in the 
country. The valuable experience gained gave him. early in life, an enlarged 
commercial experience which served as a foundation for his later success. 

In 1899 he became the treasurer of the Keystone (jil-cloth Company of 
Norristiiwn, Pa. This concern had a small capital and was the smallest of 
its class in the country. Mr. Hunsicker doubled the business in two years 
a.nd attracted sufficient attention to entitle him to a seat in the council of the 
larg'er oil-cloth manufacturers. 

In 190T a successful effort was made by Mr. Hunsicker to combine the 
largest oil-cloth concerns into one large company. He secured options on 
six of the largest and most successful oil-cloth plants in the United .StatC'^. 
which, with his own concern was combined by him, with the assistance of a 
western banker, into the Standard Oil-cloth Company of New Jersey, with 
offices in New York City. This company secured a charter and started in 
business in July, 1901. It had a cajjital of $8,000,000 and to-day (1914) is the 
largest of its class in the world. Hr. Hunsicker in addition to becoming- a 
director and large stockholder, became the secretarv of the new company at 
the start, and in 1906 its general manager as well, which position he still 
holds. The company has been remarkably successful and has doubled its 
business during the period that Mr. Hunsicker has managed its affairs. 

In 1889 Mr. Hunsicker married Helen Theresa Boice. who was born in 
Chester County, Pa. Miss Boice had a remarkable talent for music and had, 
in addition an exceptionallv good and well-trained soprano voice. They met 
on the concert stage. Mr. Hunsicker has always been interested in music 
and is the possessor of a good baritone voice. 



14; 



Since 1903 Mr. Hunsicker has resided in Clifton Park. Weehawken, 
where he built a fine home. He became interested in local affairs, and was 
instrumental in organizing a Civic Betterment Association, of which he is 
still the president. He has taken a prominent part in Jersey politics, and in 
each campaign has spoken fur the Re])u))lican party. He was a presidential 
elector in 1908. 

In clulj life Mr. Hunsicker has been prominent. He is a Mason, a mem- 
ber of the Hamilton Club of New Jersey, the Automobile Club of New Jersey, 
the Englewood Country C'lul), the Touring Club of America, the Sphinx Club 
of New York, the Pennsylvania Society, and is the treasurer of the Arkwright 
Club, the leading dry-goods club of New York. He is an enthusiastic golfer 
and spends considerable time automobiling. Travelling has been a pastime 
of Mr. Hunsicker. and he has visited most of the countries of Europe, South 
America, and the \\'est Indies. 



146 



1. W'xiimn ^trhn. M. 1. 




^/j» WILLIAM ST !•: il X, 
^|rt[ Al. I'.., has the honor 
i* not only of lit'ing' ver- 
satile in music, but enjoys the 
distinction of being the 
youngest founder of a college 
devoted exclusively to music 
in this State, if not. indeed, 
in the entire country. Al- 
though l)ut t\venty-si.x years 
of age. he is the founder and 
principal of the Hudson Col- 
lege of Music and .A.rt, at loo 
Highpoint avenue, AVeehaw- 
ken Heights. At one time the 
College had a 1 Brooklyn 
branch. de\'oted to the teach- 
ing of art, but tliis took so 
much time from the musical 
duties of Prof. Stehn that he 
soon abandoned it, although 
it was highly successful. 

Professor Stehn was horn 
in Hoboken. March ii. 1888. 
I lis parents were John Henry 
Stehn. a native of .Xorlede. 
(Jermany. and Helen F. Stehn 
(nee Seedorf) a native of 
Lesum. (ierniany. He was graduated from the public schools in Hoboken and 
.shell's Commercial College. His musical education was under Dennis E. 
Hartnett of the Hartnett School of Music, New York City, Dr. Philip Foersch 
of the Berliner Kunst Schule and the Cleveland LJniversity School of Music, 
by which institruion he was awarded the degree of J\L B. 

From Februar\-, 1903, until the end of 1906 he worked as bill of lading 
clerk for the N. ^^ ( ). and W'. railroad and taught music during his spare time 
during this period. In 11)06 he moved to Union Hill, gave up his position with 
the railroad and started in to make his li\nng by teaching music, at wdiich he 
has been eminently successful. In 1910 he founded the institation of which 
he is the head, which besides the main school, has branches in Union .Hill. 
West New York and Brooklyn. N. Y. He makes his home at his Weehawken 
Heights studio. 

From his boyhood he was interested in music, which he studied froiu the 
time he was seven years old until he was twenty. He gave his first lesson at the 
age of fifteen. He organized, or helped to organize, the Syniphia Zither Club 
of Hoboken, the Twentieth Century Orchestra of Hoboken, the Hudson CoT- 
lege Orchestra, the Symphia, Jr.. Musical Club of Union Hill, the Crescent 
Musical Club of West Hoboken, and other musical organizations of more or 
less lasting fame. He is a member of three fraternal organizations, director 
of the Hudson Orchestra and various other musical organizations and an ofificer 
in the National Qualified Teachers' League of Music. He is fond of theatres 
and good dining and his one hobby is the teaching of the music to the young. 
February 18. 1912, he was married to Miss Julianna Anna von Dohren 
of W'eehawken Heights, a former welt known concert pianist. 



147 



(Thnmas Mxbb ^ItUman 




01 



H(J.MAS BLISS STILLMAX has 
attained a prominence in the busi- 
ness and chemical world which 
none but those of snperior attainments may 
hope to reach. He was born May 24. 1852, 
at Plainfield. X. J. His parents were 
Charles H. Stillman and .Mary E. Starr. 
He was educated in public and. private 
schools, Alfred University, Rutgers Col- 
lege, and the chemical laboratory at Wies- 
baden, (iermanv. He holds the degree of 
v.. ^c. M. Sc. and Ph. D. 

r'rof. Stillman was instructor of chem- 
istry at .Stevens Institute from 1874 unti! 
1880. He then became professor of en- 
gineering chemistry at the same seat of 
learning, a position which he held until 
1 910. when he was retired on a Carnegie 
pension. He was state inspector of oils 
18S4-1888, and examiner in chemistry for 
the Municipal Civil Service Commission of 
Xew York in i<>i i. 
He is president of the \merican Chemical Education Co., Xew York : of 
the Corporation Securities Co., Xew York ; the Stillman and Hall Co., Ltd., 
Montreal, Canada: the Stillman it Van Siclen Laboratory Co.. X'ew York: 
director in the Electric Fire Proofing Co.. Montreal. Canada: the Amadou 
Alining Co., Utah : the Radium Products Co., Xew York : foreign corresponding 
member of the Edinburgh Society of Arts and Sciences ; and member of the 
Socitie Chemique de France, Paris ; Deutsche Chemische Geselschaft, Berlin ; 
International Society fur the Testing of Materials, Zurich : American Chemical 
Society; Society of Chemical Industry, London: American Electric-Chemical 
Society: Phi Beta Kappa (Rutgers); Sons of the Revolution: Society May- 
flower Descendants and ( )rder of Washington. He is mentioned in various 
educational works, and is a constant contributor to the chemical journals. 
His manual, "Engineering Chemistry" (fifth edition) is the standard of pro- 
cedure in the chemical testing of engineering materials. 




148 



Captain Jalin M. IHmrru 



/^ APTAIX J()1L\ -M. EMERY, inaiiager ui the marine department 
Ml (if the Eackawanna Railroad, with headquarters in the Terminal build- 
^^ ing in Hoboken, is a living example of what a man may become 
solclv thrciugh his own efforts to advance himself by honest and conscien- 
tious work. Captain Emery was born in Troy, N. Y., June i, 1870. His 
parents were James and Anna Emery. They were far from well-to-do, and 
could give the young man but little education. What little schooling he 
received was in the district schools of the up-state city. 

There is one thing he did learn, however, which has stood him in good 
stead. He was a natural born machinist, and took to the trade like a duck 
to water. After mastering the details of the machinist trade he came to Hobo- 
ken. He engaged with tho Fletcher people as a machinist foreman. His 
work soon attracted the attention of the officers and directors of the Hob(jken 
Ferry Company, and eighteen years ago he went with that cduipany as 
assistant chief engineer. 

He was soon promoted to be chief engineer, and this position he main- 
tained until the Lackawanna railroad bought the ferries. He was too 
valualile a man to lose, and the Lackawanna officials took him with them, 
making him superintendent of ferries soon after they took the ferries over. 
His last promotion was when the entire marine department was consoli- 
dateil and he was made manager of the larger department, with enlarged 
responsibilities and a corresponding increase in salary. 

Besides his duties as manager of the marine department for the Lacka- 
wanna Railroad, the Captain is identified with the Oakland Steamboat Com- 
pany of New York. He is one of the directors and chairman of the executive 
board of that company. This, however, takes up but little of his time, and 
that at hours when he is not on duty at the ferries. 

Although Captain Emery is in every wa}- a likeable fellow, he has steered 
clear of politics, militarism and such follies and foibles all his life, devoting 
himself to the perfection of his trade, or profession, as one ma\- call it in 
this case. He is one of the most able machinists and mechanical engineers 
in the country, and many a problem has been solved both for his old and new 
emplo}'ers since he has been connected with the ferrv. 

Of course, a man in such standing as Captain Emery must become 
affiliated with organizations of a varied character. He belongs to the 
National Democratic Club of New York, the Railroad Club of New York. 
the Traffic Club of New York, the Society of Naval Architects and Marine 
Engineers of New York, the Glen Ridge Golf Club of Glen Ridge, N. ].. and 
so manv other clubs that he says he cannot remember them all. 

Fraternally he is a Mason and a Shriner. He belongs to Hoboken Lodge 
No. 35. F. and A. M.. Penlalpha Chapter, R. A. ^L, of Hoboken; Pilgrim 
Commandcry, Knights Templar, and Salaam Temple, A. A. ( ). N. M. S., of 
Newark. The intermediate steps in IMasonry were all taken in New Jersey. 
He is also a member of the Hoboken Lodge of Elks. 

Socially the captain is a pleasant man to meet. If he likes you, you can 
count on him as a friend to the end of your days unless you do something 
to forfeit that friendship. If he doesn't like you, you might as well go on 
your way, for he will have nothing to do with you beyond extending the 
ordinary courtesies of life to you. 

He owns but one home, the one in which he lives at 1^14 Garden street, 
Hoboken. To this and his family he is devoted, as all good men should be. 
He has but one hobby, according to his own account, and that is golfing. 
He says he has often made a foozle. But it may be stated that his greatest 
hobby is the proper management of the marine department of the Lacka- 
wanna Railroad. 



149 



§r0rgr Jfrrbrrtrk tkcnstngrr 




(S 



F. () R C; E FREDERICK BREX- 
S1\(;ER, one of the first commis- 
sioners of Jersey City under the 
Commission (Government or Walsh act, al- 
though still a young man has made a re- 
cord for himself of which many an older 
man could well feel proud. lie was born 
September 5, 1882, at I'hilipsburg, \\'arren 
County, Xew Jersey. His parents were 
Joseph H. iirensiiiger and Ida Jones- ISren- 
singer. 

^'oung Ijrensinger came of good, sturdy 
>li]ck. His early education was obtained 
and most of his life has been spent in Jer- 
sey City. He graduated from the public 
schools, including tlie High School there, 
attended the Stevens Institute at Hoboken 
for two years, took the scientific course at 
Princeton University, was a law student 
with Bedle, Edwards & Thompson in Jer- 
sey City, attended the Xew York Law 
School and graduated witli tlie degree of LL. R. He was admitted to the X^ew 
Jersey bar as an attorney in i<)0() and as a counselor in IQCQ. He has prac- 
tised law since in Jersey Cit\-. 

Mr. Brensinger's militai'y record has liecn one of advancement. He en- 
listed as a private in Co. i of the Fourth Regiment, ^larch 20. 1O03, and on 
April 19 of that year at the conipany election was elected to the office of second 
lieutenant. He has been judge advocate with the ranks of captain and major 
respectively, the latter of which rank he now holds. 

He was elected to the General .Assembly on the Democratic ticket in 191 1 
and was defeated for renomination in 1912. He was elected a commissioner 
of Jersey City at the special election held June 10, 1913, and has charge of the 
department of finance. He is a member of the Jersey City Club, the John J. 
Egan Association of Hudson Count}-, Eagle Lodge, F. and A. ^NL: Triune 
chapter, R. A. AI. ; Warren Council, Royal and Select Masters, and the Scottish 
Rite body of Xew Jersey. 




IS" 



Elilli'am -§rhlrmm 



'*|*ftll.LlAM SCIILICMAL. coroner of Hudson county, and umlertaker at 
ill -^-^ Spring street, West Hoboken, where he continues the Inisiness 
'*^'^ of Rol)crt\Schlemm & Son. estabhshed for many years, is one of the 
most notable l)usiness characters of North Hudson because of his business 
and pohtical activities in his own town and throughout the county. He is a 
man of pleasing personality, has a host of friends throughout the entire 
county and is a sterling business man whose worth is recognized wherever 
he is known. 

While thoroughly grounded in Democratic political aflfairs, he has never 
allowed politics to interfere with his business or his friendships. He has 
nianv admirers in both republican and democratic circles and the fact that he 
was chosen as standard bearer for his party in his town in the mayoralty 
campaign of 1913 shows just how highly he is regarded by the members of 
the political organization with which he is affiliated. 

That he was defeated at the election is no discredit to him, either as a 
business man or politician. He faced ncjt only a strong factional fight within 
his own party, but a powerful republican organization built up by Mayor 
Charles A. Mohn. who at the time was a candidate for re-election. Mohn 
and Schlemm are personal friends and brother Masons, but in the exigencies 
of political warfare they were pitted against each other, neither losing the 
friendship or the respect of the other, although the campaign was as hot a 
one, politically, as has ever been fought in ^^'est Hoboken. 

When Mohn was re-elected Schlemm was the first to send his congratu- 
lations on his victory, which shows the big calibre of man he is, for, while 
fighting his political battles with all the \igor that is in him and the fighting 
Schlemm family, he would not let his political animosities take the form of 
personal hatred of his opponent. \\'ith a fight so hot as this one was. it would 
have been particularly easy to have crossed the border line of friendship, 
had Coroner Schlemm Ix'en a smaller man than he was and is. 

As a coroner, Mr. Schlemm has time and again demonstrated his sterling 
abilities. The recent case of the murder of Anna Aumuller, whose body was 
discovered on the iK-ach at Shadyside, and for which crime Hans Schmidt is 
at present awaiting trial in New York, brought Mr. Schlemm into the public 
eye. His capable manner of conducting the incjuest that was held in Heller's 
hall, Jersey City, made him the subject of many flattering comments. N(i 
less a person than Detective Faurot, of the New- York police detective bureau, 
paid Mr. Schlemm a compliment by saying that the inquest was conducted in 
the most thorough manner he had ever seen. In many other cases Mr. 
Schlemm has done remarkable work. 

As a business man, Mr. .Schlemm has made a record that any man could 
well be proud of. He is known t. > many of the poor of ^^^est Hoboken for 
his charitable deeds, and man}- who would otherwise have been buried in 
Potter's Field have been laid in a decent grave, thanks to the generosity of 
Mr. Schlemm. 




iEnnifi IGnnuu. 




f 



;( )1'I-'SS< )1\ Morris Loewy, whci has 
been a resident of Hoboken for the 
past twenty-five years, was born in 
\ ienna, Austria, on July 25, 1857. His 
parents were Phihp and Julia Loewy. He 
is a prestidigitator of international fame. 
He uses only playing cards in his perform- 
ances and exhibitions and never fails to 
astonish his audiences by the wonderful 
manner in which he is al)le to manipulate 
tb.e bits of pasteboard. 

Professor Loew}' can lie classed as a 
]>rodigy. His aptitude for card manipula- 
tion has extended almost from his infancy. 
1 le began his professional career when but 
eight years of age. His early education 
came through private tutors and travel. 
lie has been a great traveler and his ability 
has made him a welcome favorite before 
l:oth ro}alty ami the common jieople. He 
has appeared before and astonished such 
royal personages as J-Cmperor l-'ranz Joseph of Austria, King Christian IX of 
Denmark. King (Jscar H of Sweden, King Cjeorge of Greece, Czar Alexander 
of Russia, King Edward of England and others. In this coimtry he has appear- 
ed before Theodore Roosevelt and the late Mayor (iaynor and hosts of other 
prominent people. His presence is greatly desired at gatherings where select 
entertainments are given. 

He is not merely an entertainer, but a successful business man as well. He 
is president of the Spray X'ibrator Corporation, the Loewv Compan\- and the 
Osflo Company. He is a member of the Elks and Royal Arcanum, honorary 
member of the New York Stamp Society and hfmorarv president of the Bero- 
liiia, and X.itiimal Alunnii. I lis hdhby is the cullccticin nf jxist cards, stamps 
and ciiins. 




CS- 



Eulinl Etps^r 



/•v* ()|ll''.l\'r KIMSMR, secretary of tlic llulxikeii Board of 'I'rade, has been 
iFi closely associated with civic work in Hoboken for the i)ast six years. 
'^^ Mr. Rieser was born in Doylestown, Pa., but has spent practically all 
of his life in Hoboken. In politics he is known as a progressive Repul)lican, 
though his activities have usually been strictly non-partisan in character, 
looking rather toward a reform of present conditions than the advancement 
of the interests of any particular political party. 

He first served the Board of Trade as assistant secretary for a period of 
two and one-half years, subsequently becoming secretary and editor of the 
Board of Trade Bulletin, a monthly publication devoted to the commercial 
and ci\ic de\elopnient of the city. While he was assistant secretary he was 
given full charge of tlie Budget Exhibit held under the auspices of tjie Board 
of Trade and in conjunction with the Robert L. .Stevens Fund in 191 1. This 
exhibition was the first of its kind e\-er given in the city and its exposition 
of muncipal government in Hoboken was widely commented upon. He has 
since been identified with similar exhibits in other cities. 

The commendable fight made to adopt commission government in 
Hoboken received Mr. Rieser's ardent support. He was secretarv of the 
first Elective Commission Government League, the first organization to l)e 
formed for this purpose in any New Jersev citv. 

He was also one of the organizers of the safe and sane Fourth of Julv 
mox'ement in Hoboken, and served as secretarv to the committee during the 
celelirations in 1913 and 1914 both of which involved much time and labor. 

Mr. Rieser has run for public office on several occasions but each time 
with reluctance. He was a candidate for the Assembly at the primaries in 
191 3, and during the primary campaign in September, 1914, was urged to 
become a candidate for Congress from the Eleventh New Jersev District. 
This he was forced to decline for reasons of business. 

During the administration of Mayor tionzales, he was appointed to the 
Board of Playground Commissioners, and although his selection to this 
office recei\-ed substantial approwil, the C(immon Council refused to confirm 
his appointment for political motives. 

Mr. Rieser is also known for his work among boys. He first became 
interested in this form of social activity about twelve years ago in connection 
with the Madison Street Boys' Club, an organization conducted bv volunteer 
workers and carried on largely through the generosity of Mr. Richard Stexens. 
He organized the first troop of Boy Scouts in Hoboken and is at present 
Scoutmaster of Troop One. This troop is affiliated with the First Pr^sliy- 
terian Church, of which Mr. Rieser has been a member and trustee for vears. 
He is also associated with the Philomatic Society and is a member of the 
Sanitary Corps of the Seventh Regiment, National Guard of New York. 




15.^ 



Patrick B. Oinffin 



*>♦ ATRICK R. (iRIFFIX. Dcnmcratic political leader of Hubokeii. is one 
4t| of the most unique characters in politics to be found in all Hudson 
4r Countv. From the time he was able to cast his first vote, (.iriffin was 
always mixed up in politics and always had the ambition to become the leader 
of his party. It was not until the three-cornered mayoralty fight of 1907 
that he actually won his spurs. In that fight he assumed the management 
of the canijiaign of George H. Stcil for mayor, and elected him by a decisive 
majority. 

At that time Griftin was but 32 years of age, the youngest Democratic 
leader the citv has ever had. Many times since then an elTort has 1)een made 
to wrest the leadership from him, but Griffin is full of resources and hght 
and he has always since his notable victory kept at the top. 

During his political leadership he has built up a practically unbeatablc 
political machine for the Hoboken Democracy, judging from past results. 
It is concededly the best piece of political working machinery in the count}-. 
(jriffin is a close student of politics and understands human nature pretty 
thoroughly. This is evident from the fact that he has retained his leadership 
for seven consecutive years in the teeth of constant attacks from the political 
enemies within his own party camj). 

In 1913 he went through triumphantly the nidst exciting and important 
political fight of his career. He had undertaken to re-elect Martin Cooke 
mayor of the city. Arrayed against him was no less a powerful force than 
Former Mayor Lawrence Fagan and his great and powerful newspaper. The 
(Observer. It was Fagairs last stand, for if he won he would again be the 
leader of the Democracy in Hoboken. If In- l^^t he knew he would be buried 
in his political coffin forever. 

The Observer, backed by F"agan, ccjnducted a fight for the nomination 
at the primaries for mayor of Phili]) Stuerwald, a young man of good repute, 
prominent in politics and with ,1 host of friends. The fight was a bitter one 
and The Observer, in its zeal for the nomination of !^tuerwal(l, resorted to 
])ersonalities of a not altogether dignified nature. 

When the primar}' ballots were counted Ciriftin's man. Mayor Cooke, 
was found to be an easy winner. The victory in part was due to Cooke's 
own personality, but a large share of the credit belonged to Griffin, who 
engineered the fight, backed b}- his well-nigh invincible organization. 

Mayor Cooke was re-elected to his high office, and (Jriffin still holds the 
reins over Hoboken's Democratic organization, as he bids fair to do for many 
\ ears to come. 




154 



m\\\mn (D^Nn'll 



^tHJlLLlAM ()'X1£11.L, proiJi-ictur of the O'Neill Autu Cuinpany uf Uw- 
iBl boken, is a young man \vlu)se success in life has come through his 
'^^^ own efforts and enterprise. He has built up a business from a small 
news delivery of which an_\- man may well feel proud and his friends, of 
whom he has no end thrnui^iiwut the county, ha\-e watched hi-' rise with more 
than passing interest. 

O'Neill has the faculty of doing the right thing at the right time. Ik- 
has seized upon and made the most of the opportunities afforded him. He 
has anticipated the needs of busy business men and in this manner brought 
himself to the flood tide of prosperity. 

Originalh' a newspaper vendor of the street urchin \ariety, he has 
worked himself up to a newspaper vendor of the wholesale kind. He estab- 
lished a newspaper delivery system in Hudson county and at one time and 
until a few years ago was the chief circulation man of The Observer. When 
the Observer took over its own circulation the "newsies," with whom O'Neill 
was on terms of friendship through years of fair dealing, instituted a strike, 
which, though short, was a bitter one, out of sympathy for him. He readily 
recovered from the effects of this blow to his business and made it bigger 
than e\'er. 

When the need for an auto service company in lloboken l)ecame appar- 
ent, O'Neill, with very little capital, but with a vigor that creates success, 
established such an institution. From time to time autos have been added 
to his establishment until it today is perhaps the largest and most complete 
service of its kind in the county. He keeps a close eye on his business, both 
newspaper deliver}' and auto service, and extends it whenever he finds it 
expedient to do so. 

During all his success O'Neill has ne\-er forgotten the fact that he was 
a newspaper kiddie. He is rather proud of the fact. He often lends a help- 
ing hand to the "newsie" of today and is regarded by a large number of these 
liright little fellows as their best friend. He endeavors to u])lift them, both 
financially and morally and has done a work in the latter respect which en- 
titles him to the thanks of the communit\\ 

"Billy" has a cherished desire of some day founding a "Newsboys' 
Home." When he realizes his ambition in this respect it is safe to say the 
institution will be one of the most complete of its kind in the countrv for 
( )'Neill never does anything bv halves. 




155 



HJillfam }3. ^rrhon 



^Yt*+|' 1 1.LIAAl I'. \'erdon, fur many years Republican leader in ihc city of 
111 Hoboken, and today one of that city's most highly esteemed business 
•^^ men, was born September 12, 1869, in Dublin, Ireland. His parents 
were Frederick Verdon and Jane Adams Verdon. \'erdon was but a young- 
ster when he came to this countrw and he derived his entire education f n nil 
New York Public School No. 70. 

.^ince coming to Hoboken Mr. X'erdor. has taken an active interest in 
Republican i)olitics. In a Democratic community he had a hard fight, but 
succeeded in becoming the leader of his |jarty. (Jn one 1 ir two occasions 
he has led the party to victory, which won for him the support of county 
and state organizations. He is at present chairman of the Hoboken Repulj- 
lican Citv C<jniniittee and a member of the Hoboken Republican Association, 
the John Rntherham Association and the Hudson County Republican 
Committee. 

Industrially he is president uf the Eastern Creamery Company and of 
the Hudson Dairy. He lives at 1218 Blooinfield Street. Hoboken, and de- 
scribes his hobbies as "his eight children and his home." 

Mr. X'erdon's friends ascribe his success, politicall}' and industrially, to 
his straightforward way of meeting situations which arise. It has l:)een said 
of him bv his admirers that he never ttirned down a friend who came seeking 
his aid in any laudable or charitable cause. He has attained a great hold 
on a large portion of the people of the city through these qualities of liber- 
ality, forl^earance and personal integrity. In fighting his political battles he 
has alwavs been fair, although sometimes his zeal for the party has over- 
ridden his natural qualities. With Mr. \'erdon it was always his party first 
and himself afterward. In his business dealings it is his patrons first and 
himself afterward. In his family aflf'airs it is his family first and hmseli 
afterward. In friendship it is his friends first and himself afterward. 

Mr. \'erdon is still in the early forties, in the very prime of life. He 
bids fair to he aggressively active in politics and business for many years 
to come, which his friends say creates a splendid outlook for his party in 
the citv. 




156 



Jliiius l3. A;iplriiatr. 




-^jNIXS n. APPLEGATE. undertaker 
^1 at 22^ \\'asliins;ton Street, Holioketi, 
^^ was born in Hohoken May 14. 1853. 
His parents were Ivins D. Applegate and 
Susan Deas Whitney. \\"hen eighteen he 
went to sea and lead a sea-faring Hfe for 
seven years. At 25 he entered the employ 
of \\'illiani X. Parslow, by whom the busi- 
ness was founded. He remained with Mr. 
Parslow until June. 1891, when Hoboken 
organized a paid fire department and made 
him chief, in which capacity he served 
until \<)0(\ when he honorably retired and 
tdiik u\er the business of Air. Parslow, 
whose sister, Evanglyn, he married in 1886. 
Throughout his entire professional career 
he has striven to maintam the dignity of 
his profession. 

.\pplegate is prominent 
is a member of Euclid 
". and A. M. ; Zemzem 
Xo. II, R. A. M. : Pil- 



Fraternally Mr. 
and ])opular. He 
Lodge. Xo. 136, 
E, R. : Pentalpha Chapter 



Grotto, Xo. 16, M. (). \'. r 
grim Commanderv. Xo. 16, Knights Templar; Warren Council, Xo. S, R. and 
S. M.: Mecca Temple, A. A. (). X. M. S. : and the A. .\. S. R., Xorthern Xew 
Jersey \"alley of Jersey City. He is also affiliated with. Hoboken Lodge, Xo. 
74, R. P. O. E, : 1 loboken Aerie. Xo. 603, F, O. E. : Loyal Order of lUiffaloes ; 
Hoboken E.xempt Firemen's .\ssociation and Hudson County L'ndertakers' .As- 
sociation. He is president of the Hudson County Undertakers' Association 
a.nd of the Hudson County Coach Owners' Protective Association, trustee of 
the Hoboken Cemetery Association and honorary member of the Interna- 
tional Association of Fire Engineers. 




'.V 



3[0Hrpb 31. IKmiur^ij 




^i ( )SEPH J. KENNEDY, postmaster of 
Jll Moboken, presents a fine example of 
^^^ llie opportunities in America for 
foreign born citizens. He was born Febru- 
ary lo, 1864, in Myshall. County Carlow. 
Ireland, his parents being Thomas Ken- 
nedy and Julia Kennedy (nee Joyce.) He 
was educated in the National School at 
Myshall and graduated in 1880 with highest 
honors. 

In the same year he came to the United 
States. Then, as now. America was a land 
(if promise and Kennedy came here to make 
his fortune, being one of a family of fom^ 
l:oys and three girls, all born and brought 
no on a farm still owned by the family. 

He worked as clerk in a grocery store, as 
bookkeeper, as insurance agent and real 
estate man. He kept an eye to the main 
chance and had a predeliction for politics. 
For a time he was clerk of the County 
ISoard of Elections and was was one of the commissioners of public instruction 
in 1896 and 1897. He was appointed assistant postmaster in 1'02. and .-\ugust 
30. 191 1, was named as postmaster for a term of four years. 

Mr. Kennedy was saving. He owns the house he lives in and several others. 
He took advantage of the real estate boom of a few years back to add to his 
property holdings bv several shrewd transactions. He is general agent for sev- 
eral insurance companies. He was always active in Republican politics and 
a follower of Col. Samuel D. Dickinson. 

He is a member of the Union League Club, the Elks. Knights of Columbus, 
liusiness Men's Bowling Club, Lincoln Republican Club and several other social 
iirganizations. 




158 



iFraitk iE^tntu iEiutrll 




3' 



'RANK EDWIX ELWELL. Xorth 
Iliulson's well known sculptor, with 
home and studio at 12 and 14 Hud- 
son Place. Weehawken, was horn June 15. 
1858, in Concord, Mass., his parents be- 
ing John \\'eslev Elwell and Clara Earrar- 
Elwell. 

Mr. Elwell was educated in the public 
schools of Concord and at the College ot 
I'ine Arts in Paris. Erance. He worked in 
the blacksmith shop of his grandfather, 
Elisha Jones Farrar, whose father assisted 
in the killing of six British soldiers at 
Concord Bridge and who was a distin- 
guished thinker. 

Mr. Elwell is a teacher ot art and writer 
on art matters. I le has delivered manv 
lectures at Harvard and other colleges and 
at Carnegie Institute at Pittsburgh. Pa. 
He is one of the directors of the School of 
Applied Design for Women. Xew York 
City, and was curator of Ancient anrl 
Modern Sculptor at the .Metropolitan Museum of Art under Director General 
Count lAigi Palma di Cesnola. He is an honorary memljer of the Cincinnati 
Art Club and of the Dickens Fellowship in London. He is a member of the 
advisory committee for the celebration of one hundred years of peace between 
English speaking people in 191 5, and of the national committee for the third 
conference at the Hague, He belongs to the Sons of the American Revolution 
and the Xew Jersey Historical Society. He is a veteran of the Concord Artillery 
(_)f Massachusetts, being honorably discharged after two enlistments, and an 
honorary member of the Se\"enth Rhode Island \olunteers. 

He is mentioned in the Encyclopedia Britanica. the Century dictionarx', 
the International Encyclopedia, "Who's \\'ho in .-Xmerica." "Who's Who in the 
World," "Who's \Mio in Xew York," "Who's Who in .\rt" and many other 
works. He believes in the advancement of American art. as we have the 
greatest artists in the world. He thinks the world is growing better and that 
no man is a good man without a good ideal. 




^59 



liltp iC. Amnn. 




f 



lllLir L. AAlOX, principal and 
fonndcr of the New Jersey Institute 
of Music and Languages, which has 
l)ecn estabhshed for the past twenty-three 
years, was born in Roetienbacn. Bavaria. 
I-'ebruary i8, 1854. When but sixteen 
weeks of age he came to this country with 
his parents, who settled in New York. His 
earlv school life was spent in the parochial 
school of the Church of the Redeemer in 
Manhattan. \Mien but twelve years of age 
he studied Latin and Greek under the Re- 
dcmptnrist Fathers in New York City. 

llis natural bent was for music, how- 
ever, and his musical education was started 
in 1S59. when he was a student under John 
W'egner. He was a graduate of De La 
Salle University and organist there in 1867. 
He studicil under such famous instructors 
as r.eversdorfer. Kirschner. L'nruh and 
Steigler. L'nder Leininger he learned har- 
mony and thorough bass. 
He taught and played in many Catholic schools and churches, as well as in 
other schools and at one time tried his hand at Blauveltville, N. Y. He was 
also musical director for several dramatic and musical companies. In 1884 he 
settled in Hoboken and in 189 c established the New Jersey Institute. He has 
had some 5,000 students and of these more than 500 are now earning their liv- 
ing through music alone. He is a composer of rare ability and an authority 
on music. 

For manv years he has been identified with union labor circles. He was 
at one time district master workman of the Knights of Labor for three terms 
wdien that organization was in its prime. He was most active in establishing 
the local musical union and for three terms was president of that organiza- 
tion. He declined a fourth term. He is an accomplished bandmaster and 
for one season was inspector of music in the Jersey City parks. 




1 60 



Haltrr f aynr 



'VV-% AI.ll-ZR Payiir. iiioiiiictor of llu- utU kiinwn ]i:i\\ iislKip al 250 Xowark 
"ITIII avenue, jersey City, sometime? known a^ " Tlu' ( Hd Curiosity Shop," 
eonducts tlie oldest established Inisiness of the kind ni \e\v lersey. ITe 
snceeeded I". \\ . Payne in the Inisiness. whieh was eslahlished in iSfq, and has 
successfully conducied it for the past several years in a hish class maimer which 
has made for him friends of many of those who lia\e hecn compelled, lhrou<jh 
force of circumstances, to seek his aid in assisting them over rough tinancial 
places. The business is not incorporated, but is owned entirely by Mr. Payne, 
who. in addition to acting as pawnbroker, carries a full and regular line of 
watches, diamonds and jewelry. Mr. T'a\ne has a second store at 468 Jackson 
avenue. Jersev Citv. and this is conducted aloni^ the same lines as the ])arent 
•;tore on Xewark avenue. 

Walter Payne is one of the solid luisines-. men of Jersey City, lie is among 
the most respected citizens. With his famil\ he lives at 18 Duncan avenue, and 
here he finds his greatest enjoyment after a day of activity in his extensive 
business enterprises. He is a man of modest tastes and cares little for frivolity 
of any kind. His business and his famil\' are his two greatest hobbies. 

I'eing in business in Jersey City for so long a time he is naturally keen and 
alive in his interests for his home city. He has never dabbled extensively in 
politics, hut he has always been a close observer of political events and taken as 
active an interest as a business man without desire of fee or reward takes in these 
matters. In business circles his interest has been as keen as in politics. He 
always had an abiding faith in the future of Jersey City, and he believes that the 
time is coming, and is not far distant, when the city will be of much greater 
importance, commercially and industrially, than at the present time. He is a 
staunch supporter of the commission form of government, and believes that with 
capable business men at the head of various departments progress will be made 
faster in the future than in the past. 

.\lthough devoting most of his time and energy to his business and his 
family, Mr. Payne finds time to mingle with his fellow business men and to lend 
his aid to any movement which he thinks is for the better interests of the city 
and county. He is a man of few words, of decided opinions an.d of prompt 
action. His counsel is greatly sought by business men because of his long experi- 
ence and his ability to advise rightly when matters of more than passing moment 
are being discussed and when problems of importance are under discussion. 

When Mr. Payne starts out to do a thing he does it and does it well. This 
is a characteristic which has dominated his entire business, social and personal 
career. It is his indomitable energy that has made his business so great a success 
that a second store of the same kitid in the same town was made possible. It is 
his personality that has advanced him socially. It is his dignity that has made 
his personality marked among his fellows. 

^Ir. Payne believes pawnbroking is as necessar\- to the nnfortimatc as the 
banker is to the business man. He has always acted toward his patrons as if 
they were doing a banking business with him. He has never taken advantage of 
the misfortunes of others to enrich himself. He has always been as lilieral as 
good business would permit. He believes pledges left in his hands are trusts 
reposed in him. He has never sold a pledge as long as there w-as a possible 
chance of its redemption by the owner. He charges only the minimum rate of 
interest allowed by law. There are no extra charges for his services. He treats 
his patrons with everv consideration. He finds it pays to do so. It is in this 
manner his pawnbroking trade has been built up. He has patrons in his regular 
jewelry lousiness who liave appealed to him for aid in his role of pawnbroker, and 
this speaks volumes for the treatment which has almost invariably made his 
patrons his friends. 



161 




Title Pa^e 1 

Introductory 3 

Hudson Country 5 

Jersey City 11 

Hoboken 19 

Bayonne 2S 

Xiirth Hudson 32 

AblM'tt. Leon 5.t 

American Lead Pencil Co SO 

American Noyelty Printing & Embossing 

Worlts 89 

Amnion & Person S6 

vVnion, Pliilip L 160 

Applegate, Ivins D 157 

Atkinson Co., W. H 93 

Atwell, David Koger . . . .' 122 

Bellman Brook Bleachery Co 77 

Bermes, Daniel 137 

Besson, John William Rufus 49 

Benson, Samuel Austin 46 

Blair, John Albert 38 

Bradley. W. H 53 

Brand, Isidor H 58 

Brensinger. George Frederick 15U 

Broeser. Henry V, . 124 

Brunswick Laundry l*-*-! 

Burhorn. Carl Alfred 13S 

Carey. Robert 39 

Carsten. Adolph C 58 

Ciccarelli. A. 59 

Columbia Silk Dyeing Works 77 

Cranwell & Son, George W 134 

Demarcst. Abraham J 144 

Dibelka. Ot.lo H' 

Dietz, Charles 114 

Eberhard, Frederick N 56 

Elia, D. B 107 

Eivvell, Frank Edwin 159 

Emery, Captain John M 149 

Eppinger, Albert C H^ 

Findlay & Co.. A. L 103 

Fleckenstein's Sons, Ed 1*^5 

Gaede, Henry A 49 

Gaede, Henry J 5 4 

Gardner & Meeks Co S2 

Garven, Pi<'rre P 41 

Gilchrist. Charles .Alexander 123 

Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co 84 

Griffin, Patrick R 154 

Hansen & Hansen 133 

Hagens. Fred 114 

Harmon. Thomas J 140 

Hefti. M 75 

Hexamcr Riding Academy Ill 

Highland Trust Co. of New Jersey 63 

Horwood & Co., E. H 112 

Hotwet, Henry Ameroy 118 

Huilson & Manhattan Railroad Co 65 

Hunsicker, Alvin 145 

Independent Lamp & Wire Co 79 

Janssen, F. W 94 

Jersey City Poster Advertising Co 78 

Justin. Arthur William 125 

Kamlah. William 128 

Kavana.sth. William A 56 

Kennedy. Joseph J 158 

Kinkead, T. C 112 

Kleinke. August 13= 

Leake. Eugene Walter 50 

Leonard, Clement De R 51 

Lichtenstein. Julius 44 



Law 36 

Finance 61 

Industrial Progress in Hudson County.. 64 

Medicine 115 

Real Estate in Hudson County 129 

Men of Affairs 143 



Loewy. Morris 152 

Lorillard Co.. P 97 

Lugosch. Joseph . 135 

McCaffery. James 85 

McEwan, George J 43 

Mahnken. Alfred J 142 

Marnell, John J 42 

Maupai Dyeing Co., F. P 76 

Max, Lewis 81 

Mayer, David 96 

Milton, John 42 

Moos* Central Hotel and Hofbrauhaus, 

Aug ... 102 

Mountain Ice Co 100 

Mueller Co.. C. F 106 

Neilson. Charles H 137 

New York & New Jersey Crematory . . 90 

Xichols. G. Louis 116 

OIpp, Archibald Ernest 126 

O'Neill, William 155 

Paganelli. T. Richard 127 

Payne, Walter 161 

Pendergast. Nathan H 45 

Pierson. John D 37 

Randall. Charles W 132 

Rath. Robert. J 141 

Rector. Josepli Manuel 121 

Reiling & Schoen 72 

Reiner Importing Co., Robert 73 

Rieser, Robert . 153 

Savage Baking Co 99 

Schimper & Co.. William 109 

Schlemm. William 151 

-Schwarzenbach. Huber Co 70 

Sheridan. John H 44 

Simon Co.. R. & H 71 

Simpson. Charles E. S 57 

Speer. William H 40 

Standard Oil Co 68 

Stehn. H. William 147 

Steinhoff. Herman C 81 

Stellwagen. Frederick Byron 122 

Stevens. Richard 47 

.Stewart Co.. Thomas J 88 

Stillman. Thomas Bliss 148 

Stover, Edward 54 

Sullivan, James A 55 

Thomson. James 130 

Tissot. C. A 138 

Umansky. aiorris 60 

Union Iron Works 92 

Union Trust Co 62 

Verdon. William P 156 

Vivarttas, Percie A . 139 

Vroman. Julius 136 

Walscheid. J. Emil 43 

Walsh, John J 60 

Weber. Charles 83 

Weehawken Dry Dock Co 108 

Weizmann. F 87 

West Hoboken Kovelt.y & Embroidery 

Works 74 

White, William H 131 

WIrtz, Louis J 126 



162 



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LIBRARY OF CONGRESS 



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