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Full text of "Hudson-Mohawk genealogical and family memoirs;"

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HUDSON-MOHAWK 
GENEALOGICAL 



AND 



FAMILY MEMOIRS 



A RECORD OF ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE PEOPLE OF THE HUDSON AND 
MOHAWK VALLEYS IN NEW YORK STATE, INCLUDED WITHIN THE PRES- 
ENT COUNTIES OF ALBANY. RENSSELAER. WASHINGTON. SARATOGA, 
MONTGOMERY, FULTON, SCHENECTADY, COLUMBIA AND GREENE. 



PREPARED UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF 

CUYLER REYNOLDS 

Curator of The .-Mbany Institute and Historical and Art Society, since 1898; Director of New 

York State History Exhibit at Jamestown Exposition, 1907; Author of ".A.lbany 

Chronicles," "Classified Quotations," and several other published works. 



VOLUME I. 



ILLUSTRATED 



NEW YORK 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1911 






COPYRIGHT 

LF.WIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1911 



Cci.Al-^SCSoO 



t 



FOREWORD 

That many hundreds of persons have shown their personal interest in the 
publication of tliese volumes is sufficient evidence that it is a deserving field in 
historical literature. l!ut this is by no means the limitation, for these family 
sketches will be a matter of daily reference by persons throughout this country, 
and thus they will lie rendering a proper service, warranting the juiinstaking 
labor expended in their preparation. As time goes on, a work of this nature 
will be considered as a godsend. 

But aside from individual interest in family matters and the consequent 
inclusion of historical information, there is a special and pertinent value in this 
work, for instead of being an affair which some would heedlessly consider lightly, 
the effect on the student of these matters is known to be an inspiration, because 
through understanding the hardships and the successes of our ancestors, and 
reading of worthy feats, one certainly becomes imbued with an esprit Je corps 
which builds character, and good results invariably follow. 

In the times when the French and Indian wars were engaging the attention 
of every colonist from Maine to Florida, who never was able to rest easily at 
home lest the savage pillage his house within the high palisade, the settlements 
near .Albany, although protected in the crude fashion of that day, were the sub- 
ject of attack time and time again. This was, in part, because the vicinitv of 
.Albany was the seat of settlement of several tribes of continually warring 
Indians, principally the Mohawks and Mohicans. Not only were the bergs of 
Albany and Schenectady surrounded in entirety by stockadoes, and the villagers 
warned not' to build outside of them, but the residents erected their dwellings 
for defense, much in the manner of individual forts, by providing their walls, 
massive in those days, with portholes through which the musket could be directed 
at the enemy ; and such houses, although rare, are still standing there. Notable 
among these conflicts with the aborigines and French was the frightful massacre 
at Schenectady in the winter of 1690, when few in the peaceful village were 
permitted to escape the tomahawk, and later on the Ueukendaal massacre shocked 
the settlers, fraught with as high a percentage of brutal murders. 

\Mien the I'rench wished to possess the land in .America, their armies came 
by way of the Adirondack lakes, as a facile passage from Canada, and Albany 
had to be the resisting point to .save the other sections of the country. The 
orders issued in Europe by the higher officials who directed operations, were 
generally to the effect that Alban\- must first be taken ; but it never was a place 
which suffered concjuest. Its citizenship was composed of such men as would 
extract the lead from their windows in order to have it cast into bullets, and 
naturally such valor was indomitable. 

Some fifty years after the massacre mentioned, the l<"rench were once more 
decidedly active, and it was necessary to check them before thev came further 
south than Ticonderoga, or, at worst, Fort William Henry, on Lake George's 
southern end. The region in and about Albany was then given over to the 
massing of troops, and under General Abercrombie, in 1758, a large army was 
gathered and the raw recruits drilled. It was then that "Yankee Doodle" was 
composed by the surgeon in his army, while in the camp at Greenbush. 

In the Revolutionary period, the citizens sacrificed everything down to the 
condition of depriving themselves of their cattle, which were driven from their 
fields to supply the soldiers, while produce had to be brought in in such quan- 
tities that, when winter aiii^roached, the inhabitants made an appeal that they 



FOREWORD 

could not survive the winter if the drain continued. The best citizens were 
turned into officers, and the stories of their lives, headed with such names as 
Generals Schuyler, Ten Broeck and Gansevoort, furnish us to-day with both 
interesting and instructive reading. It was in 1777 that Albany was made the 
center of attack by large armies of British troops, plaiuied to attack it from the 
north by General Burgoyne; from the west, by General St. Leger, proceeding 
from Oswego, and Lord Howe, coming up the Hudson. It was a brilliant enter- 
prise and a fierce campaign ; but the men of Albany were victorious. 

In its later life, the people of this section of the country have placed them- 
selves creditably on record in the walks of peace, and one finds commerce, the 
arts and sciences, represented most worthily. There is no reason to gloss over 
the list by generalities, for definite cases are readily to be cited ; but one should 
take up these families one by one and read them thoughtfully. The entire country 
never furnished a more wonderful scientist than Professor Joseph Henry, born 
in Albany, who successfully demonstrated there the feasibility of his invention of 
tlie electric telegraph. The military men, lawyers, artists, authors, clergymen 
and doctors, have been among the foremost, and added a luster to a section of 
the country which furnishes itself as a topic for a history. 

For the benefit of those who seek details about this section of the state, as 
regards its topography and legislative formation, besides the more important 
information in other lines, there has been added a section of this work, devoted 
to this subject. 

Many persons will take special interest in salient features aboift the early 
settlers, and for their benefit a compilation of names and facts about six hundred 
difi'erent families, who arrived in that part of the State before the year 1700, 
has been purposely made. With the idea of making a creditable, authentic and 
full record of these families, each person associated with this work has put forth 
his best endeavor in the hope of affording abundant satisfaction. 

The editor and publishers are grateful to several gentlemen for valuable 
advisory assistance — to W. Max Reid. of Amsterdam ; Frank W. Thomas, of 
Troy : Rev. Dr. E. C. Lawrence, of Schenectady, and \\'illiam Richard Cutter, 
of Woburn, Massachusetts — all well known in historical and antiquarian circles. 

In various instances there are differing forms of names in the same family, 
different lines preserving their own nomenclature, and these differences have 
been preserved in these volumes. In all cases the narratives have been submitted 
to the person in interest, and their corrections have been carefully regarded. 

Some corrections and additional data were received after the pages had gone 
through the press, and these have been carried into a page of addenda and errata 
preceding the index, in the last pages of \'olume I\'. 

CUYLER REYNOLDS. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS. 



It is beyond pos- 
\'AX RENSSELAER sibility to write the 
history of the city 
of Albany, New York, without making- promi- 
nent mention of tlie Van Rensselaer family. 
This is because the deeds for every foot of 
land now comprising the site of the capital 
city were executed by the owners of the soil, 
the Mohawk tribe of aborigines, to Patroon 
Van Rensselaer and his associates, so that this 
family will ever stand in history as the origi- 
nal owner of a very important and large area 
of land in the New World ; but it is likewise 
true that every one in the United States either 
bearing that name or of the blood, must turn 
to Albany in order to trace his or her descent, 
which leads to the single progenitor of the 
family in America. 

For nearly three centuries it has been a 
family whose members have invariably main- 
tained, by culture and mode of living, an un- 
disputed prominence, yet with a well-known 
reluctance to force itself into public affairs, 
preferring that retirement which refinement 
usually seeks, avoiding notoriety and the con- 
flict concomitant with aft'airs of business life 
and public office. The family, however, has 
never suffered the complaint of any lack of 
patriotism, nor of failing to respond to a 
genuine appeal to serve the government in an 
official capacity. It can with full right count 
its numbers who have done both with a verdict 
of fullest credit from the people. The direct 
line has had its representation in the congress 
of the nation, in the state senate and assembly 
of New York, and in the chair of the lieu- 
tenant-governor of the Empire State. 

The patriotic qualities of the family have 
lieen fullv demonstrated by their figuring with 
prominence in all the great military struggles 
which have convulsed this nation, and their 
acts have placed high in the memorable rolls 
■of American history the names of a large 
number. To their special credit it is recorded 
.also that thev served either as officers or in the 



ranks without pay or emolument, and, more- 
over, devoted the advantages of their estates 
to the cause of freedom. The well-known war 
historian, William L. Stone, states that "They 
consisted of eighteen males in 1776. During 
the war every adult, except two old men, and 
all minors, except four boys, bore arms in one 
or more battles during the Revolutionary 
struggle." George W. Schuyler, in his "Colo- 
nial New York," explains further, that of the 
eighteen males, sixteen belonged to Hendrick 
Van Rensselaer's branch, and of these, five 
were of Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer's family. To 
bear out such statements by facts it is neces- 
sary to examine only a few of the records. 
Colonel Kiliaen Van Rensselaer departed with 
his three sons, two of them officers and all 
true patriots in the revolution, was wounded 
in the battle of Saratoga when participating 
in the fierce conflict against Burgoyne, and 
General Washington paid him the highest 
compliment upon his courage. One of his 
sons, Colonel Hendrick \'an Rensselaer, was 
directed by General Schuyler to go in com- 
pany with Colonel Long to hold the enemy in 
check at Fort Anne until the cannon and arma- 
ment of Fort George could be removed to a 
place of safety. The English vuider Colonel 
Hill were in pursuit of the patriots from Lake 
Champlain up Wood creek, and, on their ap- 
proach to Fort Anne, \'an Rensselaer and 
Long sallied from the fort on the morning of 
July 8, 1777, and attacked them so vigorously 
that they were obliged to retire, leaving their 
wounded on the field. Colonel Van Rensse- 
laer was so severely wounded that he was 
obliged after that to relinquish further service, 
and on his death, thirty-five years later, the 
ball then received was extracted from his 
thigh bone. Likewise there was IMajor James 
Van Rensselaer, who served with honor and 
without pay on the staff' of the brave Mont- 
gomerv, and who was near him when he fell 
mortally wounded before the walls of Quebec, 
December 31, 1775. Colonel Nicholas Van 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Rensselaer participated in the decisive battles 
on the heights of Stillwater, and after the 
surrender of General Burgoyne, October 17, 
1777, was despatched by General Gates to 
convey the intelligence to Albany. Philip Van 
Rensselaer was engaged in the commissary de- 
partment, where he rendered efficient service. 

In the war of 1812, Generals Stephen and 
Solomon Van Rensselaer will ever be remem- 
bered as the leaders in command of the forces 
which crossed into Canada and captured 
Queenstown, October 13, 1812. In this fight 
the latter was disabled, being wounded no less 
than six times. In 1794, as a captain of cav- 
alry, he took prominent part in the battle with 
*he' Indians on the Maumee river, where he 
was wounded, August 20, 1794, while fighting 
under General Wayne. General Robert Van 
Rensselaer commanded the militia who pur- 
sued and defeated Sir John Johnson when on 
his famous raid in the Mohawk Valley in 
1780. 

In the civil war there were many of the 
name and descent who sustained the Union, 
most prominent among them being Colonel 
Henry Kiliaen Van Rensselaer and his 
nephew, Captain Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, who 
fought bravely under both Grant and Han- 
cock, participatmg in no less than fourteen 
stubborn engagements. William Van Rensse- 
laer, of Seneca Falls, served in the New York 
Volunteers, Engineering Corps, and fought 
with gallantry in the Army of the Potomac. 

For several other pertinent reasons atten- 
tion has been directed to this family. It made 
one of the earliest attempts at colonization in 
America, the enterprise having received its 
initiatory movement in Holland at about the 
same time that the Pilgrims were planning 
their cruise to avoid religious persecution, and 
it was originally intended, so some maintain, 
that both should seek the free soil of what 
became New Netherland and then New York. 

The family will long be remembered be- 
cause it was identified with the movement for 
establishment of a landed aristocracy of the 
New World, its leader to enjoy the ancient 
Dutch title of Patroon, and after the super- 
sedure of the Dutch by the English, to be 
known by that of Lord of the Manor. It was a 
stalwart race and fought strenuously for high 
ideals; but the titles vanished with the revo- 
lution. If ever a feudal aristocracy could have 
been perpetuated in the New World, this fam- 
ily was best fitted to perform the task. 

After that period they added another chap- 
ter by being one of the parties participating in 
the famous anti-rent feud, for, although the 
revolution had abolished titles, the system of 
leasing land remained unchanged. It was a 



matter which was fought by arms and in the 
courts from 1839 until about i860. The \'an 
Rensselaers made a stubborn fight for the 
cause with which they had so long been iden- 
tified, and the last Patroon finally bowed gra- 
ciously to the will of the court when the con- 
struction of the change from the English laws 
made it imperative. 

A fourth matter of interest taken by many 
in this family is the importance of the mar- 
riage connection with a great number of fam- 
ilies also of note, in the seventeenth and eight- 
eenth centuries, among which alliances mav be 
mentioned the Schuyler, Hamilton, Livingston, 
Jay. Morris, Bayard, \'an Cortlandt, Bleecker, 
Cuyler, Douw, Lansing, Ten Broeck, \'er 
Planck and Paterson lines. In the younger 
generations of half a century ago they inter- 
married with the families of Atterbury, Bay- 
lies, Bell, Berry, Biddle, Cogswell, Crosby, 
Cruger, Delafield, Erving, Fairfax, Grubby 
Hodge, Howland. Johnson, Kennedy, King, 
Lorillard, Pendleton, Pruyn, Reynolds, Robb, 
Rogers, Tallmadge, Thayer, Townsend, Turn- 
bull, Waddington and Wilkins. Each of these 
families holds a recognized position in the 
various cities where they reside, and in every 
instance their connection with the Van Rensse- 
laer line is well known, for it signifies that in 
each case one of the name traces with pride 
to the progenitor of the \''an Rensselaer 
family. 

The arms of the \"an Rensselaer family, in 
use three centuries ago in Holland and em- 
ployed by the Patroons and their descendants 
in America, consists of: A shield, the first and 
fourth quarters gules a cross moline argent ; 
second and third quarters argent, six fleurs- 
de-lys gules, 3, 2 and i. On an escutcheon of 
pretence argent bordered sable a cross moline. 
The crest disjjlays a high, iron fire-basket ar- 
gent, from which issue fiames proper. The 
motto is Niemand sonder. The interesting 
tradition regarding the crest has it that on a 
certain occasion of festival a grand illumina- 
tion took place in Holland, and the \'an 
Rensselaer family on that day ordered huge 
iron baskets, similar to that depicted in the 
crest, to be filled with combustibles and placed 
on the gate and fence posts, where they added 
to the effect of the night illumination. The 
result was so startling that it called forth 
special commendation from the Prince of 
Orange, who wished accordingly to bestow a 
favor such as royalty allows people to whom a 
money recompense would not be fitting, and 
he begged Van Rensselaer to adopt the motto, 
"Omnibus effulgeo," signifying "I outshine 
all." Before that time the motto had been 
"Niemand Zander," meaning "No one without 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



a cross," referring to the cross appearing upon 
the shield, being of silver upon a red field. 
The arms as an entirety and sometimes the 
crest have been employed as the family book- 
plate for several generations, and they like- 
wise form an attractive feature upon the silver 
handed down from oldest son to oldest son, as 
was the English custom so long a common 
practice of this family. 

The \'an Rensselaer family was one of im- 
portance in Holland before coming to America, 
respected and honored by their countrymen, 
holding such positions of trust as burgomaster, 
councillor, treasurer, etc. In the Orphan Asy- 
lum at Nykerk, Holland, there still hangs a 
picture of Jan Van Rensselaer, in which he 
is represented as a "Jonkheer," or nobleman, 
by the distinguishing costume, and he is iden- 
tified by the small representation of the arms 
painted on the shield above his head. The 
original Manor of the Van Rensselaer family, 
from which they took their name, was as late 
as 1880 called Rensselaer, and was located 
about three miles southeast of Nykerk. It 
was originally a "Reddergoed," the possession 
of which conferred nobility. The last member 
of the family who bore the name was Jeremias 
Van Rensselaer, who died there April 11, 1819. 
He had married Julie Duval (Judic Henrietta 
Duval), and they had no children. In his 
will he states that he had no heirs except the 
Van Rensselaer family then living in America. 

These facts were gleaned by Eugene Schuy- 
ler, who purposely journeyed to the ancient 
family seat, and whose letter, printed in the 
Albany Argus, September 21, 1879, reads in 
part as follows : 

"I went to Amersfoort. to Nykerk, and to sev- 
eral other towns in Guelderland. At Amersfoort, 
there is a Table in the Church of St. Joris or St. 
George, on which is mentioned Harmanus Van 
Rensselaer, as one of the Regents in 1639. Dr. is 
prefixed to liis name, which may mean Doctor of 
Laws, Divinity, or Medicine. There is also a tomb 
of a Captain Van Rensselaer, who died from a 
wound received at the battle of Nieuport. This is 
covered by the wood flooring, and is not visible. 
In the Orphan Asylum at Nykerk, there is a very 
fine picture of its first Regents, 1638. The picture 
is painted by Breecker in 1645. There are two 
noblemen in this picture, Jan, or Johannes Van 
Rensselaer, and Nicholas Van Delen ; one of the 
four others is Ryckert Van Twiller, the father of 
Walter Van Twiller. who married the sister of 
Kiliaen, the first Patroon. There are two other 
Van Rensselaers named among the later Regents — 
Richard, in 1753. and Jeremias, in 1803. 

"The estate of Rensselaerswyck is now only a 
farm, all the old buildings have lately been taken 
down — they were covered with gables, weathercocks 
of the arms and crest of the family; but all have 
now disappeared. There is scarcely a church in 
Guelderland that did not have somewhere the Van 
Rensselaer arms on the tombstones, either alone 
or quartered with others. The exact coat-of-arms 



is a white or silver cross on a red ground. The 
crest is a white basket, with yellow flames above a 
closed, or knight's helmet." 

The Crailo, as the seat of the family was 
called in Holland, was a large and productive 
estate some time before any of the family 
came to America, and it is believed that the 
family was related to that of Olden Barne- 
veldt, the famous patriot and statesman, be- 
cause portraits of John of Olden Barneveldt 
and of his wife Marie, of Utrecht, were pre- 
served as heirlooms until the Crailo estate was 
sold in 1830. The Manor of Olden Barne- 
veldt was close to Rensselaer, and about six 
miles south of Nykerk, between it and Amers- 
foort. This Crailo estate passed into the 
possession of the female line, the last of whom 
was Joanna Jacoba Sara \^an Rensselaer, from 
Amsterdam, who married Jonkheer Jan Bow- 
ier. She was the mother of twelve children, 
and when she died in 1830, the Crailo was 
sold. Two sons of this marriage, Jonkheer 
Hugo Jan Jacob Bowier, and Jonkheer Mar- 
tin Bowier, colonel in the royal marines and 
at one time coinmandant of the Dutch naval 
forces off Atchin, were permitted by royal 
license to assume both the name and the arms 
of the Van Rensselaer family. In this way 
the Bowier family came into possession of 
many heirlooms and valuable papers relating 
to the Van Rensselaers. These documents 
were brought from Holland through the ef- 
forts of Mrs. Alan H. Strong, of New Jer- 
sey, and after being translated by Arnold J. F. 
van Laer, New York* State Archivist, were 
published in 1908 by the state of New York, 
and make a volume of over nine hundred 
pages. 

The first historical mention of the family 
refers to Johan Van Rensselaer, a captain of 
a hundred men, who did good service in 
Friesland for the King of Spain in the early 
part of the sixteenth century. It also refers 
to Captain Harmanus Van Rensselaer, who 
was seriously wounded at the battle of Nieu- 
port, in the year 1600, and died in 1601, as is 
stated upon the tomb at Amersfoort. 

In tracing the descent from the earliest 
known records and family traditions, an early 
chart shows that the primordial name is that 
of Hendrick Wouter \"an Rensselaer, who 
married Swene \'an Imyck, and had children: 
Johannes Hendrick, married Derykebia Van 
Lupoel : Geertruj. married Advocate Swaas- 
kens ; Wouter (Walter) Hendrick; Anna and 
Betje. 

Johannes Hendrick Van Rensselaer and 
Derykebia Van Lupoel had a son Kiliaen, who 
married Nelle Van Wenckoin, and another son 
named Wouter Jans. 



HUDSON AXD MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Kiliaeii \ an Rensselaer and Xelle Van 
\^'enckoIn liad a son named Hendrick, who 
married ^Faria Pafraet ; a daughter, Engeltje, 
who married Gerrit Giiilliam \'an Patten ; 
Claas, who married Jacoliina Schrassens; Jo- 
hannes, who married Sandrina Van Erp, 
styled \\'aredenburgh, and Johannes, who died 
without issue. 

The foregoing statement figured on the 
chart brings one to a period when there are 
documents and dates which are reliable. 

Captain Hendrick Van Rei^.sselaer, son of 
Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer and Nelle \'an Wenc- 
kom, was probably born upon the estate named 
Rensselaer, near Nykerk, in Holland, and died 
at Ostende, Belgium, June 6, 1602. He mar- 
ried Maria Pafraet; children: i. Kiliaen, born 
at Hasselt. Province of Overyssel, Nether- 
lands, about 1580; died at Amsterdam, Hol- 
land, in 1644; married (first) Hillegonda Van 
Bylaer, (second) Anna \'an Wely, who died 
June 12. 1670. 2. Maria, married Ryckert 
Van Twiller, and had : Wouter \'an Twiller, 
who was the (third) director-general of New 
Netherland, 1633-38; Elizabeth, married Jo- 
hannes \'an Rensselaer, son of Kiliaen, the 
first Patroon. 3. A third child (apparently), 
also named Maria, who married Obelaers, and 
died at Munnikendam, Holland, in 1673. 

Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer, son of Hendrick 
Van Rensselaer and Maria Pafraet. was born 
in Hasselt, Province of Overyssel, in the 
Netherlands, about 1580, and died in Amster- 
dam, Holland, in 1644. He was the first 
Patroon and the founder of the colony of 
Rensselaerswyck in America. 

Kiliaen Van Rensselaer was a wealthy mer- 
chant of Amsterdam, known to be a dealer in 
pearls and precious stones, to have had some 
reputation as a banker and general merchant, 
and owned large estates in Holland. He was 
a leader in tlie famous guild of trading princes 
which at that time played so prominent a 
part in the commerce of the world, and it is 
quite evident that he must have been both 
shrewd and farsighted. The innumerable 
documents which he has left demonstrate 
great thoughtfulness in planning even the de- 
tails, and he could grasp a situation in a for- 
eign country with the same jjcrfcction in 
every respect as though present and overseemg 
all. He exhibited sagacity in his stand taken 
with regard to the policy of the colony as 
against the desires of his associates who de- 
sired to grow wealthy with rapidity. They 
sought to have those sent out engage in hunt- 
ing for the purpose of making immediate and 
large shipments to foreign lands, while he 
desired that the colonists should become set- 
tlers, owning their houses, and leading happy 



and contented lives, so that they would be 
willing to remain ; should raise large families, 
and long continue to progress the work on an 
ever increasing scale as they prospered. He 
not only had the courage to found a colony in 
the wilds of an unknown America, but pos- 
sessed the energy to push the work, once be- 
gun and discouraging at times, until it pros- 
pered. 

In those days the jewelers were moving 
spirits in advancing the trade with far-distant 
countries and were alert to seek new fields, 
even in the alluring country of India, whither 
all eyes were turned, and the greatest en- 
deavor being made to find a quicker passage. 
After long years of preparation the charter 
affecting the colony was granted June 3, 162 1, 
and the subscription list opened. At the start 
the subscriptions did not come in very rapid- 
ly, largely on account of the exclusion of the 
salt trade from the charter's list of induce- 
ments ; but when this difficulty was removed 
the full amount was subscribed. The Cham- 
ber of Amsterdam, "because thence came the 
most money," had the largest number of di- 
rectors, who were to administer four-ninths of 
the entire capital of the company. There 
were twenty, and each had to contribute at 
least 6,000 guilders. Next to the board of 
directors there was a body of chief partici- 
pants, each of whom had the same amount in- 
vested, yet while they took no part in the 
daily management, as the representatives of 
the stockholders, no resolutions of importance 
could be taken without them. It was agreed 
that the first two vacancies should be supplied 
from the ranks of the chief participants, and 
the first thus received into the Chamber was 
Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer, who it appears was 
among the first subscribers and had paid at 
least 6,000 guilders. It may be mentioned 
here that on June 16, 1628, he became the 
owner of the estate called Crailo. near Huizen, 
to which he added a vast area of unreclaimed 
land. 

Fort Orange had been established in May, 
1624, close to the western shore of the Plud- 
son river, about one hundred and forty-two 
miles north of New Amsterdam (New York 
City), now the site of Albany, and \^in Rens- 
selaer thought it an excellent advantage to 
have his lands under the protection of its 
guns. He sent agents to investigate the na- 
ture of the territory, who reported favorably, 
and Bastiaen Jansz Crol and Dirk Cornelisz 
Duyster were especially empowered in writ- 
ing, signed January 12. 1630. secured shortly 
a large tract of land on the west bank. 
In January. 1631, he sent Marinus Adriaensz, 
from \'eere, with some assistants as tobacco 



« 




i 


:p^^» 



Supposed to be Jvillaen Van Rensselaer 

Born 1580 

From a painting owned by 

Howard Van Kensselaer, Esq. M. D. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



planters, and in July he sent Laurens Lau- 
rensz, from Kopehaven, with another North- 
man, to operate the saw and grist mill, also a 
number of laborers and some ten calves. 
Knowing- that they could not succeed in their 
support for the first two or three years, he 
allowed them from 150 to 180 guilders per 
annum. He also provided the colonists with 
implements, and allowed the farm hands from 
40 to 90 guilders a year. Between 1630 and 
1632 he transported on these terms ten per- 
sons in the first year and twelve in the next 
two succeeding years. The first quota of men 
sailed from Holland, March 21, 1630, aboard 
the ship "d'Eendracht," or "the Unity," com- 
manded by Jan Brouwer, and arrived at the 
island of Manhattan, May 24th, to proceed 
up the river to the site of Rensselaerswyck. 
The Lords States-General, at The Hague, 
June 7, 1629, had ratified the plan of the Dutch 
West India company to allow the patroons to 
divide the land into manorial grants ; but re- 
serving to that company the fur business, and 
unless five per cent, were paid to the West 
India company should the colonists weave 
woolen or other stuffs. The land ultimately 
secured by Van Rensselaer from the Indians 
is commonly stated as a tract reaching north 
and south twenty-four miles from Baeren 
Island to the Cohoes Falls in the Mohawk, 
and extending forty-eight miles east and west- 
ward, half on each side of the Hudson river, 
containing about 700,000 acres, comprising 
therein the present counties of Albany, Rens- 
selaer and the northern part of Columbia. 
The statement, however, should be modified 
by the understanding of recent research, al- 
though it is practically correct. The land was 
not purchased at one time. The first certifi- 
cate of purchase from the Indians was dated 
August 13, 1630, and (translated) it reads: 

Anno 1630, this day the 13th of .\iigust. We, the 
director and council of New Netherland, residing 
on the island the Manahatas and in Fort Amster- 
dam: under the jurisdiction of their High Mighti- 
nesses the Lords States General of the United 
Netherlands and the Chartered West India Com- 
pany, Chamher of Amsterdam, do herehy testify 
and declare, that on this day, the date underwritten, 
before us appeared and presented themselves in 
their proper persons, Kottamack, Nawanemit, .'\h- 
antzeene, Sagiskwa and Kanamoack, owners and 
proprietors of their respective parcels of land ex- 
tending up the river, south and north, from the said 
fort (Fort Orange, later Albany) to a little south 
of Moeneminnes Castle (situated on Haver Island, 
in 1910 Peobles, Island, at mouth of the Mohawk 
River), belonging to the aforesaid proprietors joint- 
ly and in common, and the land called Semesseeck, 
belonging to the aforesaid Nawanemit individually, 
lying on the east bank from opposite Castle Island 
to the above mentioned fort : also, from Petanock, 
the mill creek (Normans Kill), north to Nega- 
gonse. . . . 



This was signed in the several hands of 
"Peter Minuiet, Director; Pieter Bijlvelt, 
lacob Elbertsz Wissinck, Ian lanssen Brou- 
wer, Sijmon Dircks Pos, Reynicr Har- 
mansen." 

Mr. A. J. van Laer, the New York State 
Archivist, a most careful and capable expert, 
interprets this to mean: "i, the land on the 
west side of the river from Fort Orange to 
the Mohawk ; 2, a small tract on the east side 
of the river, on both sides of the present Mill 
Creek, frotn opposite Castle Island to a point 
opposite Fort Orange ; 3, the land on the west 
side of the river from a point south of the 
Normans Kill to the north point of Castle 
Island, or possibly to Fort Orange. 

From what Kiliaen Van Rensselaer wrote 
in his "Account of the Jurisdictions." of July 
20, 1634, enclosed in his letter of the 21st to 
Johannes de Laet, it would seem that the land 
comprised "all the shore along the river on 
the west side, from beeren Island to Momnen- 
is Castle," which distance, froin Baeren Island, 
fourteen miles below Albany, to the "Castle" 
on the Mohawk, Cohoes, ten miles north of 
that city, would be a north and south line of 
about twenty-four miles. To the original pur- 
chase of 1630 was added in May, 1631, land 
from "Beeren Island to Smacks (Smax) 
Island." On April 23, 1637, more land was 
bought on the east side of the river from 
Papscanee creek south to a point opposite 
Smacks Island, and at later dates purchases 
were made of islands in that vicinity and land 
near the Poesten Kill (Troy), at Catskill, 
Bethlehem and Claverack. 

It is stated on good authority, after the 
examination of the Van Rensselaer-Bowier 
Manuscripts, which were translated in 1903 by 
the State Archivist, and in which was the let- 
ter-book of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer and other 
voluminous documents, that he never visited 
his colony or came to America. Even before 
that it had been a matter of considerable 
doubt. 

It should be stated that Van Rensselaer, for 
the purpose of more speedy development of 
his large territory, formed a partnership Oc- 
tober I, 1630, with three brother directors of 
the company. These were Samuel (jodyn, 
Johannes de Laet and Samuel Bloemmaert, 
who after a time sold out their interest, and 
Van Rensselaer alone developed the colony. 

In 1640, because of disputes over various 
matters between the colony and the Dutch 
West India Company, the patroons obtained a 
new charter of privileges and exemptions, 
some of the provisions therein being that all 
patroons, free colonists and inhabitants of 
New Netherland should enjoy the privilege of 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



selling articles brought from Holland upon 
payment of a ten per cent, duty ; that they 
pay ten per cent, export duty on all furs 
shipped to Holland; that they be allowed to 
manufacture woolen goods and cotton cloth, 
which had been prohibited ; the person bring- 
ing five persons to New Netherland as a col- 
ony would be entitled to two hundred acres, 
and might hunt in the public woods or fish in 
public streams ; no religion except that of the 
Reformed Dutch Church was to be tolerated ; 
the colonists were to be provided with negroes 
to help them on their farms ; appeal from 
manorial courts might be made to director and 
council of New Netherland, provided the sum 
in dispute was equal to forty dollars ; but the 
patroon's jurisdiction was not to be affected 
in any way by the new charter. The pro- 
visions of the patroon's contracts kept Arendt 
van Curler, commissary-general of Rens- 
selaerswyck, and Adriaen vander Donck, the 
public prosecutor, busy throughout 1641. 

On March 6, 1642, Patroon Kiliaen Van 
Rensselaer requested the classis of Amster- 
dam to send "a good, honest and pure preach- 
er" to his colony, and that body selected 
Dominie Johannes Megapolensis, Jun., pastor 
of Schorel and Berg of the Alkmaar classis, 
who accepted the call of six years, conditioned 
on a salary of one thousand guilders ($400) 
that he need not be ret[uire(l to work as a 
farmer, the same to be paid in meat, drink and 
whatever he might claim. The dominie was 
accredited on JVIarch 22nd, and June 3rd the 
patroon sent detailed instructions setting 
forth where he desired the church, the minis- 
ter's house and the people to build their 
homes. The Amsterdam Chamber of the 
Dutch West India Company indorsed Mega- 
polensis on June 6th, and the patroon was 
somewhat exorcised, as he considered the mat- 
ter entirely within his right and not a matter 
for them to act u])on in any way. The dom- 
inie, his wife and four young children, ar- 
rived at Rensselaerswyck on August 12th, and 
Arendt van Curler set about the erection of 
a house for him, while Megapolensis under- 
took the study of the Indian language so as 
to be able to preach to the savages. For 
fully half a century this church, erected by 
the order of Kiliaen V^an Rensselaer, was one 
of the only two in the province of New York, 
and among the earliest in the entire United 
States, for in 1650 there were but few. 

Undoubtedly Kiliaen, the first patroon, was 
a man of absolute sincerity in the maintenance 
of his Christian views, and this strong char^ 
acteristic may be traced through any number 
of his descendants for many generations. 
That he was so imbued may be accepted as a 



certainty from what he wrote in various let- 
ters, and is illustrated by the following ex- 
tract, translated from the \'an Rensselaer 
Bowier manuscripts, being a letter written 
July 2, 1640, to Arendt Van Curler when he 
shipped to the latter "three very fine blankets 
which you will give in my name to three 
chiefs; one to Sader Juchta, chief of the 
Maquaes (Mohawks), the other two to the 
two chiefs who have the greatest credit and 
power among the Maquaes," as presents to 
secure their friendship, "These small pres- 
ents to the savages may sometimes cause great 
friendship and prevent much enmity. It would 
also serve as a means of making them ac- 
quainted with God, saying this person knows 
you, although he has not seen you, through 
those persons whom he has heard speak and 
who have written of you. How much better 
then can God, who made the heavens and the 
earth and created the sun which you can see, 
see your works. He who each day lets his 
bountiful gifts come to man through the fruit- 
fulness which He gives to the products of the 
earth and to man's sinful body." 

Trouble was brewing for the colony of 
Rensselaerswyck early in 1643, for the pat- 
roon sovight to maintain his rights against any 
authority of the Dutch rule established firmly 
in New Amsterdam under the director-gen- 
eral. On September 8, 1643, the patroon sent 
word from Holland to Nicolaas Coorn to for- 
tify Beeren Island (some fourteen miles 
south of the present city of Albany), and to 
demand of each skipper passing up or down, 
except those of the West India Company, a 
toll of five guilders ($2) as a tax, likewise to 
see that every vessel coming up the river 
lowered its colors at the fort as a sign of 
respect to the patroon. Thereupon Croon is- 
sued the following manifesto : 

"I, Nicola.is Coorn, Commander of Rensselaer's 
Castle, and for the noble lord. Kiliaen V'aii Rens- 
selaer, nndcr the high jurisdiction of the high and 
mighty Lords States-General of the United Nether- 
lan<ls, and the privileged West India Company, 
hereditary commander of the colonies on this North 
River of New Netherland. and as vice-commander 
in his place, make known to you that you shall not 
presume to use this river to the injury of the acquired 
right of the said lord in his rank as Patroon of 
the Colony of Rensselaerswyck, the first and the 
oldest on this river. * * * Protesting in the name 
of the said lord, should you presume in defiance of 
law to attempt to pass by contrary to this proclama- 
tion, I am directed to prevent you. Under this mani- 
festo, however, you are permitted to trade with his 
commissary; but not with the Indians or his par- 
ticular .subjects, as will be seen and read in the 
admonition and instruction given by him, the Pa- 
troon, to Picter Wyncoop, the coinmissary, and 
.'\rendt Van Curler, the commissary-general, con- 
formable to the restriction of the regulations con- 
tained therein. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Matters in this line came to a crisis the 
next year. On July i, 1644, Govert Loocker- 
mans, skipper of the yacht "Good Hope," set 
sail from Fort Orange for New Amsterdam, 
and with studied contempt failed to salute the 
fort, Rensselaer's Castle (sometimes called 
"Steyn"), on Beeren Island ("heeren," the 
plural of bear), as directed by the mandate, 
whereupon Commander Coorn shouted across 
the water to him: "Lower your colors!" 
Loockermans answered back: "For whom 
should I ?" Coorn told him : "For the staple- 
right of Rensselaerswyck." To this the "Good 
Hope's" indomitable skipper replied: "I 
lower my colors for no one except the Prince 
of Orange and the lords, my masters !" 
Coorn applied a match to the fuse of his small 
cannon, and a shot ripped through the "Good 
Hope's" mainsail, also cutting loose the rig- 
g'ing. Another shot was delivered, but it 
passed over the vessel. The third shot, dis- 
charged by an Indian, passed through the 
colors of the Prince of Orange. On July 5th, 
Skipper Loockermans landed at New Amster- 
dam, making complaint and demanding repar- 
ation, and the Council of New Netherland is- 
sued an order for Coorn to desist from such 
practice ; but the following months he asserted 
that he would not, and should demand recog- 
nition of \'an Rensselaer. 

Authentic records show that Kiliaen Van 
Rensselaer, first patroon, died in 1644, in 
Amsterdam, Holland, although it has been 
published that his death took place in 1645 and 
also 1646.* 

He was married (first) to Hillegonda \^an 
Bylaer (or Bijier), daughter of Jan Van 
Bylaer. member of a prominent family in 
Holland. By her he had three children. She 
died in Holland, and was buried January i, 
1627, in the Oude Kerk. His second wife was 
Anna Van Wely (or Weely), whom he mar- 
ried December 14, 1627, and by her he had 
seven children. She was daughter of Jan Van 
Wely the younger, of Barneveldt, residing at 
The Hague, and of Leonora Haukens (or 
Haeckens), of Antwerp. To .\nna \'an Wely 
was presented in 1684 the first thimble, made 
by a goldsmith named Nicholas Van Benschot- 
en as a protection for her dainty fingers. She 
died June 12. 1670. The first and second 
wives were apparently cousins, and Jan Van 
Wely, father of the second wife, had a tragic 
fate. He was not only a prominent and re- 



*Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, the first Patrnon. was 
buried at Amsterdam, October 7, 1643. The fact was 
ascertained as this work was going to press, by the 
city archivist of Amsterdam, on examination of the 
liurial book of the old Amsterdam church, and com- 
municated by him to Mr. van Laer, of Albany. 



spected merchant of Amsterdam, but the "ad- 
modiator," or administrator of the county of 
Buren, a domain of the Prince of Orange. 
In 1600-01 he had been chosen by the mer- 
chants of Amsterdam as their representative 
with the army, that they might have sure and 
regular news. It was then that he received a 
large gold medal representing the battle of 
Nieuport, which he transmitted as an heir- 
loom to his descendants. In 1616 Van Wely 
was sent for to The Hague by Prince .Maurice, 
and brought with him some diamonds and 
precious stones, which tlie prince wished to 
purchase, and worth about one hundred thou- 
sand florins. While waiting for the prince in 
his cabinet. Van Wely was murdered by two 
officers of the guard, and his body concealed 
under the table until it could be taken out 
and buried in an ash pit. This murder, though 
perpetrated solely for plunder, turned out in 
the end to have political effects. On the 
representation of the widow, Hans Van Wely, 
her eldest son, was continued in the duties 
and privileges of "admodiator" of Buren. 

The three children of Kiliaen Van Rensse- 
laer and Hillegonda Van Bylaer and the seven 
children by Ann \''an W^ely were : 

1. Hendrick, died in childhood. 

2. Johannes, baptized September 4, 1625, 
died in latter part of 1662, or early in 1663. 
He was the second patroon, but never came 
to America. Being a minor of about nineteen 
years when his father died in 1644, the estates 
in Holland and at Rensselaerswyck were 
placed in charge of executors. They selected 
Brant Arentse Van Slechtenhorst to take 
charge of the colony, in place of Arent \"an 
Curler, resigned, who arrived at Fort Orange 
March 22, 1648. He married Elizabeth, sister 
of Wouter Van Twiller, director-general of 
New Netherland for the Dutch. Children: i. 
Kiliaen, died at Watervliet, Albany county, 
soon after February 22, 1687, having married 
his cousin, Anna Van Rensselaer, daughter of 
Jeremias \'an Rensselaer and Maria Van 
Cortlandt. 2. Nella. married Johan de Swardt. 

3. Maria, died without issue. 

4. Hillegonda; buried August 23, 1664; 
without issue. 

5. Eleanora, died without issue. 

6. Susanna, lived and died in Holland ; mar- 
ried Jan de la Court, August 5, 1664. 

7. Jan Baptist, bom in Holland, was the 
first of the name to visit America, coming as 
"Director" of Rensselaerswyck colony in 
165 1 : was never patroon: returned to Hol- 
land in 1658, when he was succeeded by his 
brother Jeremias the same year, who became 
the third patroon ; married Susanna Van 
Wely ; had a son Kiliaen who died without 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



issue, and he (Jan Baptist V. R.) died in 
Amsterdam. Holland. October i8, 1678. 

8. Jereniias, born in Amsterdam, Holland, 
in 1632, became the third patroon ; married 
Maria \'an Cortlandt. July 12, 1662, and died 
at Rensselaerswyck, October 12, 1674. (See 
forward.) 

9. Rev. Nicolaas (Nicholas), born in Am- 
sterdam, Plolland. 1636. He was a clergyman 
of the Dutch Reformed Church. On being 
introduced to Charles H., then exile at Brus- 
sels, he prophesied the restoration of that 
monarch to the throne of England, which cir- 
cumstance afterward obtained for him a cor- 
dial reception at the Court of St. James, when 
he visited London as the chaplain to the 
Dutch Embassy. In acknowledgment of the 
truth of the prediction the king presented him 
with a snuffbox, which relic is preserved in 
the family. 

Upon his coming to America the Dutch 
church looked upon him with suspicion, 
fearing he was a Papist, and demanding a 
certificate from the classis, for not only did 
Dominie Nieuenhuysen absent himself from 
Dr. \'an Rensselaer's service in the church, 
but he was not permitted to baptize. He ar- 
rived in Rensselaerswyck as the engaged min- 
ister, July. 1674: married, February 10, 1675, 
Alyda Schuyler, born February 28, 1656, 
daughter of Philip Pieterse Schuyler and 
Margarita \'an Slichtenhorst ; died Novem- 
ber, 1678, without issue, and his widow mar- 
ried, in 1679, Robert Livingston, who died 
about 1728. 

ID. Ryckert (Richard), born in Holland, 
and died there about 1695. ^^ was treasurer 
and administrator of the Vianen estate be- 
longing to the Breerode family. lie came to 
America, arriving at Rensselaerswyck June 
30. 1664. and that year built for himself a 
residence on the west bank of the Hud.son 
river, about four miles north of Albany, 
called The Flatts, which was long afterward 
known as Schuyler's Bouwerie and to this day 
is known as the Schuyler Flatts, because he 
sold it to Philip Pieterse Schuyler on June 
22, 1672. the father of Albany's first mayor, 
Pieter .Schuyler. He returned to Holland 
about this time, for he married in that coun- 
try, January 26, 1672, Anna Van Beaumont, 
by whom he had five sons and five daughters, 
only one son and three of his daughters mar- 
rying. Their third son. Johannes, died in 
1678; their fourth son, alsp named Johannes, 
was born February 17, 1679; .'\nna Cornelia, 
born in April, 1673, and Kiliaen, bom in 
April, 1675. For many years he was one of 
the magistrates of Rensselaerswyck, but never 
was director of the colony, although he as- 



sisted his brother Jeremias in the manage- 
ment, and after the death of his mother at 
Amsterdam he went there. When Jeremias, 
the third patroon. died in 1674, it was hoped 
that Richard would return ; but as he had 
been recently married he would not make the 
trip, and his brother Nicholas came in his 
stead. 

(I) Colonel Jeremias Van Rensselaer, the 
third patroon, son of Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer 
and .\nna Van Wely, was born in Amsterdam, 
Holland, in 1632, and died in Rensselaerswyck, 
October 12, 1674. Because he was the first 
patroon who resided in the colony, he was- 
considered the first Lord of the Manor of 
Rensselaerswyck. It has constituted consid- 
erable confusion to distinguish in the series 
the proper numerical position of the patroon 
and the lord of the manor, many historians 
employing the terms as though synonymous 
expressions, in error. It fell to the lot of 
Jeremias Van Rensselaer to witness the over- 
throw of the Dutch rule at Fort Orange on 
September 24, 1664, and to find it again to 
revert to the Dutch government August 5, 
1673, when the fort at Albany became known 
as Willemstadt. He continued the work of 
his father on much the same lines. His ef- 
forts saw the completion of the Dutch church 
edifice, a rude wooden affair, in July, 1646. 
One may form an excellent idea of the col- 
ony's aspects by what Father Isaac Jogues, the 
Jesuit missionary residing there, wrote thereof 
on August 3, 1646: 

"There are two things in this settlement, first, a 
miseral)le little fort called Fort Orange, built of 
logs, with four or five pieces of Breteuil cannon and 
as many swivels. This has been reserved and is 
maintained by the West India Company. This fort 
was formerly on an island in the river. It is now 
on the mainland toward the Iroquois, a little above 
the said island. Second, a colony sent here by this 
Rensselaer, who is the Patroon. This colony is 
composed of about a hundred persons, who reside 
in some twenty-five or thirty houses, built along the 
river as each one found most convenient. In the 
principal house lives the Patroon's agent ; the min- 
ister has his apart, in which service is performed. 
There is also a kind of bailiff here, whom they call 
the seneschal, who administers justice. Their houses 
arc solely of boards and thatched, with no mason- 
work except the chimneys. The forest furnishes 
many fine pines ; they make boards by means of their 
mills, which they have here for the purpose. They 
found some pieces of cultivated ground, which the 
savages had formerly cleared, and in which they sow 
wheat and oats for beer, and for their horses, of 
which they have great numbers. There is little land 
fit for tillage, being hemmed in by hills, wliich are 
poor soil. This obliges them to separate, and they 
already occupy two or three leagues of the country. 
Trade is free to all; this gives the Indians all things 
cheap, e.ach of the Hollanders outbidding his neigh- 
bor, and being satisfied, provided he can gain soiae 
little profit." 



HUDSON AND ^lOHAWK VALLEYS 



Petrus Stuyvesant became director-general 
for the Dutch in 1647, and immediately after 
his arrival at New Netherland there were 
strained relations between him and those in 
charge of the Rensselaerswyck colony. None 
of the name of \'an Rensselaer had come over. 
Johannes Van Rensselaer, then only twenty- 
two years old and residing in Holland, was 
the patroon, and Jan Baptist Van Rensselaer 
did not come over to be director until four 
years late. It was necessary to have an able 
representative to cope with the cunning of 
Governor Stuyvesant. Brandt A. Van Slech- 
tenhorst sailed from Holland, by way of Vir- 
ginia, September 26, 1647, ^or Fort Orange. 
The Hudson river being frozen over, he did 
not arrive until March 22, 1648. While he 
would not admit any rule over his authority 
by Pieter Stuyvesant, still he did pay him due 
respect on his first visit of inspection of the 
fort, south of the Manor, it being recorded : 
"Wliereas the council of the colony directed 
that the Heer General Pieter Stuyvesant 
should be honored, on his arrival and de- 
parture, with several salutes from the Heer 
Patroon's three pieces of cannon, the Director 
( \'an Slechtenhorst ) employed Jan Dircksen 
Van Bremen and Hans Eencluys to clean the 
same, for they were filled with earth and 
stones, and to load them, in doing which they 
were engaged three days, to wit: one day in 
cleaning them, the second day in firing at the 
arrival, and the third at Stuyvesant's de- 
parture, for which \'an Slechtenhorst pur- 
chased twenty pounds of powder and expend- 
ed ten guilders for beer and victuals, besides 
having provided the Heer General at his de- 
parture with some young fowls and pork," 
which was in July, ir)48. 

Stu\vesant had hardly returned to New 
Amsterdam when, July 23rd, he wrote Van 
Slechtenhorst that he must see to it that all 
buildings of the colony must be moved away 
from the range of the cannon in the fort, say- 
ing: "We request, by virtue of our commis- 
sion, the commandant and court of the said 
colony to desist and refrain from building 
within a cannon-shot from the fort until fur- 
ther orders, * * * for both above and 
below there are equally suitable, yea better 
building sites." Van Slechtenhorst replied on 
July 28th in refutation to the assertion of 
rights of Stuyvesant. stating the claim of the 
colony to use of land all about Fort Orange. — • 
that the Patroon's trading-house had stood a 
long time on the edge of the fort's moat, and 
he ridiculed Stuyvesant's order in view of 
the valueless quality of the fort as an adequate 
place of defence, saying: "So far as regards 
the renowned fortress, men can go in and out 



of it by night as well as by day. I have been 
more than six months in the colony, and yet 
I have never been able to discover a single 
person carrying a sword, a musket or a pike, 
or have I heard or seen a drum beat, except 
when the Director-General himself visited it." 

Stuyvesant was angered, and in September 
despatched both saiiors and soldiers to Fort 
Orange with orders to demolish the house of 
Van Slechtenhorst, which news when received 
in the colony excited the men to prepare to 
take up arms, and as a result Commissary 
Van Brugge wrote to Stuyvesant that it was 
useless for him to stand against the inhabitants 
as they outnumbered his men and had Indians 
as allies. Consequently Stuyvesant recalled 
his men in October, and requested Van 
Slechtenhorst to appear before him on April 
4, 1649. 

In 1 65 1, Jan Baptist, third son of Kiliaen 
Van Rensselaer, the first Patroon, came to 
the colony to be its director. It then became a 
mooted question whether he or Stuyvesant 
was to be superior. At once he sought to 
strengthen his position, and on November 23rd 
he had the council announce: "All house- 
holders and freemen of the colony shall appear 
on the 28th day of November of this year, be- 
ing Tuesday, at the house of the honorable 
director, and there take the 'burggerlijke' 
oath of allegiance." On that day forty-five 
colonists appeared and took their oath, swear- 
ing: "I promise and swear that I shall be 
true and faithful to the noble Patroon and co- 
directors, or those who represent them here, 
and to the honorable director, commissioners 
and council, subjecting myself to the court of 
the colony, and I jiromise to demean mvself 
as a good and faithful inhabitant or burgher, 
without exciting any opposition, tumult or 
noise : but on the contrary, as a loyal inhab- 
itant to maintain and support, ofifensively and 
defensively against every one, the right and 
the jurisdiction of the colony. And with rev- 
erence and fear of the Lord, and the uplifting 
of both the first fingers of the right hand, I 
say. So truly help me, God .\Imighty." 

The soldiers of Fort Orange, on January r^ 
1652, made at night a hideous outcry, dis- 
charging their muskets in front of the di- 
rector's mansion. A piece of burning wad fell 
on the thatched roof and set it abloze. The 
next day they assaulted Van Slechtenhorst's 
son, beating him and dragging him mercilessly 
through the mire. On January 15th Stuyve- 
sant wrote to his man, Vice-Director Dyck- 
man. to maintain the rights of the Dutch \Vest 
India Company, and he went with a body- 
guard to Jan Baptist \"an Rensselaer's manor 
house, where the colonial magistrates were in 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



"session, making the request tliat Director Van 
Rensselaer read the proclamation from Stuy- 
vesant to the inhabitants. Van Rensselaer was 
angered, maintaining that Dyckman should not 
have come with armed men upon his land, and 
he asserted : "It shall not be done so long 
as we have a drop of blood in our veins, nor 
until we receive orders from their high 
mightiness and honored masters." Thereupon 
Dyckman ordered the \'an Rensselaer bell to 
be rung to call the inhabitants together ; but 
being refused, rang that of Fort Orange, and 
returned to \'an Rensselaer's house for the 
purpose of reading this proclamation from his 
steps. Van Slechtenhorst snatched the docu- 
ment from his hands, and in tearing it, the 
seals fell from the paper. When Dyckman 
threatened that Stuyvesant would make Van 
Rensselaer suffer for the indignity, Van 
Slechtenhorst turned to the colonists and said, 
''Go home, good friends, it is only the wind of 
a cannon-ball fired six hundred paces off." 

Governor Stuyvesant then ordered Dyck- 
man, on March 5th, to erect a number of posts 
si.x hundred paces from the walls of Fort 
Orange, being about 3,083 feet (250 Rhine- 
land rods of 12 Rhineland feet of 12 36-100 
in.), marking each with the West India Com- 
pany's seal, and each with a board nailed 
thereon to hold the proclamation. On March 
17th, Vice-Director Dyckman planted several 
posts as directed, and two days later the mag- 
istrates of Rensselaerswyck ordered the high 
constable to remove them. After that incident 
Stuyvesant sent word to Fort Orange that he 
should come there and take steps to see that 
his mandates were strictly obeyed. He ar- 
rived at Fort Orange on April ist to 
straighten out matters and have a clear un- 
derstanding as to what was property of Van 
Rensselaer and what appertained to the fort. 
He despatched Sergeant Litschoe with a squad 
to lower the Patroon's flag, and, when \'an 
Slechtenhorst interposed, the soldiers entered 
his yard, discharged firearms and lowered the 
colors. Stuyvesant then ordered that the land 
within the area which he had staked out 
around the fort be known as Dorpe Bevers- 
wyck, or the village of I'everswyck, meaning 
where beavers gathered. Having given what 
was a fort the status of an actual locality, he 
instituted a court and appointed three judges. 
On the court-house he had his proclamation 
posted, but on April I5tli Van Slechtenhorst 
tore it down, attaching that of Van Renaselaer 
instead. Because of this act of insubordina- 
tion he was imprisoned on April i8th, and 
matters did not mend for several years until 
both parties, fearing the advent of the Eng- 
lish, adjusted matters amicably, fearing a com- 



mon foe. On May 8, 1652, Jan Baptist Van 
Rensselaer's certificate was signed in Holland, 
authorizing him to be "Director" of Rensse- 
laerswyck, and in 1658 he returned to Hol- 
land, and it was then that Jeremias became 
the third Patroon. It is known that he was 
in Rensselaerswyck in 1659, for history is 
filled with many of his important undertak- 
ings in adjusting matters with the Indians. 
An invasion of the French from Canada also 
caused fear. In October of that year he 
ordered the settlement to be surrounded by a 
high stockade, as the Esopus Indians were 
making raids along the river. Although on 
September 6, 1664, Stuyvesant at New Am- 
sterdam (New York city) drew up articles of 
surrender to the English fleet then menacing 
that place, it was not until September 24th 
that Vice-Director Johannes de la Montague, 
for the Dutch West India Company, sur- 
rendered Fort Orange. The name "Albany" 
was then bestowed, and Jeremias Van Rensse- 
laer took the oath of allegiance to King 
Charles II. 

Colonel Jeremias Van Rensselaer, the third 
Patroon, married, at New Amsterdam. July 
12, 1662, Maria Van Cortlandt, born in New 
Amsterdam, July 20, 1645, f^'^'l ^^ Rensse- 
laerswyck, January 24, 1689, daughter of Olof 
Stevense Van Cortlandt, who came on the 
ship "Haring" to New Amsterdam in 1637, 
from Wyck by Duurstede, Province of 
Utrecht, Holland, as a soldier in employ of 
the West India Company, and died in New 
York city, on April 4, 1684, having married, 
February 26, 1642, Anna (.Anneke) Loocker- 
mans, who died in May, 1684. Children of 
Jeremias Van Rensselaer and Maria Van 
Cortlandt : 

1. Kiliaen, fourth Patroon and second Lord 
of the Manor, born at Rensselaerswyck, Au- 
gust 24. 1663, died there in 171Q: married, in 
New York, New York, October 15, 1701, 
Maria \'an Cortlandt, daughter of Stephanus 
Van Cortlandt, and Gertrude Schuyler. (See 
forward.) 

2. Johannes, died without issue. 

3. Anna, born at Rensselaerswyck, August 
I, 1665; married (first) Kiliaen Van Rensse- 
laer, son of Johannes Van Rensselaer and 
Elizabeth Van Twiller, who died in 1687; 
married (second) William Nicoll. 

4. Hendrick, born at Rensselaerswyck, 
October 23, 1667 : resided in Greenbush, 
Rensselaer county (Rensselaer, N. Y.), where 
he died July 2. 1740; married, New York, N. 
Y., March 19, 1689, Catharina Van Bruggen, 
daughter of Johannes Pieterse Van Brugh (or 
(or Van Bruggen) and Catharina Roeloffse, 
daughter of .Anneke Jans, and Catharina Van 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



IBrug^gen died at Grcenbush, December 6, 1730, 
having had but one child, Anna, born in 1719, 
■who married John Schuyler. 

(5) Maria, born at Rensselaerswyck, Oc- 
'tober 25, 1672; married, at that place, Sep- 
tember 14, 1691, Ptter Schuyler (son of Philip 
Pieterse Schuyler and Margareta Van Slecht- 
•enhorst), who was born September 17, 1657; 
died at The Flatts, four miles north of Al- 
bany, February 19, 1724, being the first mayor 
of Albany. July 22, 1686-October 13, 1694. 
'The date of the death of Maria does not ap- 
pear. 

(H) Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, son of Col- 
onel Jeremias Van Rensselaer and jMaria Van 
Cortlandt, being the 4th Patroon of Rensse- 
laerswvck, was born there August 24, 1663, 
being "Friday morning towards eight o'clock," 
and "was baptised the next Sunday." He 
'died at Rensselaerswyck in 1719. 

He was left in the management of the Man- 
or for account of the heirs of the first Pa- 
ttroon until 1695. At this date all the children 
of Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer, the projector of 
the colony, were dead, except two, Eleonora 
and Richard, and the latter was the treasurer 
of \'ianen, a legalized asylum in Holland for 
criminals. The \'an Rensselaer estate was 
not yet divided among his heirs, but for near- 
ly fifty years had been held in common. Be- 
sides the manor there was a large estate in 
Holland (the Crailo) and other property. 
The time had now arrived for the heirs to 
make a settlement. Controversies had arisen 
among them, and, to end the disputes, Kiliaen 
Van Rensselaer (son of Jan Baptist Van 
Rensselaer) was delegated by the heirs in 
Holland to visit America and if possible make 
a complete settlement with the children of 
Jeremias, the third Patroon, as the only heirs 
in this country. Kiliaen, eldest son of Jere- 
mias, and the fourth Patroon, was appointed 
with power of attorney to act for the family 
'Of which he was a member. The cousins met 
and, after a prolonged discussion, in which, 
as is usual, both lost their temper, they at last 
came to an amicable agreement to their mu- 
tual satisfaction. The indenture is dated New 
York, November i, 1695. The heirs in Hol- 
land released to the heirs in Albany all right 
and title in the manor, which was recipro- 
cated by the release of the latter to the former 
of all right and title to the land in Holland, 
known as the Crailo, and another tract in 
Guelderland. They also agreed to deliver the 
titles to three farms in the Manor, reserving 
the tenths, and to pay in addition seven hun- 
dred pieces of eight. They also released all 
■claims on personal property in Holland, as 
well as on certain expectations from relatives 



on their decease. Bonds were exchanged be- 
tween the cousins for the faithful perform- 
ance of the-contract, and the work was com- 
plete. At last, in 1695, the vast estate of the 
old Patroon was settled, and the colony he 
founded in 1630, with its territory of prac- 
tically twenty-four by forty-eight miles, was 
in possession of one family consisting of Kili- 
aen, Johannes, Hendrick, Maria, wife of 
Mayor Pieter Schuyler, and Anna, wife of 
William Nicoll. Besides the Manor they 
owned another tract of land containing 62,000 
acres, known as the Claverack patent, and 
quite commonly called the "Lower Alanor." 
The latter was on the eastern side of the river, 
in the vicinity of what is now Hudson, New 
York. At this time the province was under 
the English law, and the eldest son was heir- 
at-law of the real estate belonging to his 
father. 

To Kiliaen, the eldest son of Jeremias \'an 
Rensselaer, deceased, a patent was granted 
May 20, 1704, for the entire Manor, including 
the Claverack patent. His brother Johannes 
having died without issue, there were only 
three others interested. Kiliaen conveyed to 
his brother Hendrick, on June i, 1704, the 
Claverack patent and some 1,500 acres on the 
east side of the river, opposite Albany, later 
known as Greenbush, and then as Rensselaer, 
New York. To his sister Maria or her heirs 
he gave a farm of a few hundred acres adjoin- 
ing The Flatts, above Albany, and to his sister 
Anna or her heirs he gave a farm larger in 
extent, but at that time no more valuable, lo- 
cated on the west bank of the river, in the 
town of Bethlehem. 

Kiliaen \''an Rensselaer devoted much of 
his life to the public service. He was an of- 
ficer of the militia and one of the magistrates, 
and represented the Manor in the assembly 
from 1693 to 1704, in which latter year he 
was appointed to the council, remaining a 
member until he died in 17 19. The settling 
of the Manor was much retarded by Indian 
wars. It was a common practice for the 
tribes to resell the lands to others after they 
had sold to Van Rensselaer in 1630. Kiliaen's 
grandfather's old miller, Barent Pieterse 
Coeymans. who came out in 1636, purchased 
from the Catskill Indians, in 1673, a tract of 
land eight miles along the river by twelve 
miles deep, which was actually the Manor 
land. He even procured a patent for it from 
Governor Lovelace, April, 1673, and the legal 
contest over it was not decided until 1706. 

Of his children, two of the three sons, Jere- 
mias and Stephen, survived him, and these 
were successively patroons. Two of his 
daughters, Anna and Gertrude, married 



HUDSON AND AIOIIAWK \'ALLEYS 



brothers, sons of Arent Schuyler, of Belle- 
ville, New Jersey. 

It was while Kiliaen ^'an Rensselaer, 4th 
Patroon, was alive and at the head of the col- 
ony, that Albany became a city by charter 
granted by Governor Thomas Dongan, July 
22, 1686. Naturally it created a serious state 
of affairs, for it meant the determination of 
the prescribed areas of Rensselaerswyck and 
Albany, which had been geographically very 
closely connected, for the legal security of 
which \'an Rensselaer had secured purchaser's 
rights from the Indians. 

Dongan came to Albany in May, 1686, and 
was requested by the most prominent men to 
issue a charter by which the village might 
acquire larger boundaries and by virtue of 
being a city would have a higher guarantee of 
property titles than that of magistrates. This 
forced Dongan to obtain a relinquishment of 
the Van Rensselaer claims to the land the 
people would include within the lx>unds, and 
his decision, as reported February 22, 1687, to 
the privy council of King James, regarding 
the rights of each party, is as follows : 

"The Town of Albany lyes within the Ranslacrs 
Colony. And to say the truth the Ranslaers had 
the right to it, for it was they settled the place, 
and upon a petition of one of them to our present 
King (James II.) about -Mbany the Petitioner was 
referred to his Matys Council at Law, who upon 
perusal of the Ranslaers Papers, made their return 
that it was their opinion that it did belong to them. 
Upon which there was an order sent over to Sir 
Edmund Andros that the Ranslacrs should be put 
in possession of Albany, & that every house should 
pay some two Beavers, some more, some less, ac- 
cording to their dimensions, Pr annum, for thirty- 
years & afterwards the Ranslaers to put what rent 
upon them they could agree for. What reason Sir 
Edmund Andros has given for not putting these 
orders into execution I know not. The Ranslaers 
came & brought mee the same orders which I 
thought not convenient to execute, judgcing it not 
for his Matys Interest that the second Town of 
the Government & which brings his Maty soe great 
a Revenue, should bee in the hands of any particu- 
lar men. The town of itself is upon a barren sandy 
spot of I.-and. & the Inhabitants live wholly upon 
Trade with the Indians. Ry the means of Mr. 
James Graham, Judge (John) Palmer & Mr. (Ste- 
phanus van) Cortlandt that have great influence on 
that people. I got the Ranslaers to release their 
pretence to the Town and sixteen miles into the 
Country for Common.s to the King, with liberty to 
cut firewood within the Colony for one & twenty 
years, .^fter I had obtained this release of the 
Ranslaers I passed the Patent for Albany, wherein 
was included the aforementioned Pasture to which 
the People apprehended they had so good a right 
that they expressed themselves discontented at my 
reserving a small spot of it for a garden for the use 
of the Garrison. That the people of Albany has 
given mee seven hundred pounds is untrue. I am 
but promised three hundred pounds which is not 
near my Prquisits, viz. ten shillings for every house 
& the like for every hundred acres patented by 
mee." 



Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, the fourth- Patroon,. 
married Maria Van Cortlandt, in New York 
city, October 15, 1 70 1. She was born on her 
father's extensive estate, the Van Cortlandt 
Manor, near Croton, New York, April 4, 
1680. She wrote her name "Maritje." Her 
father was Stephanus Van Cortlandt (born 
J\Iay 7, 1643: died Nov. 25, 1700), son of 
Olof Stevense Van Cortlandt and Anneke 
Loockermans, who had married, September 
10, 1671, Gertrude Schuyler (born Feb. 4, 
1654: died after October 7, 1719), daughter 
of Philip Schuyler and Margareta Van Slech- 
tenhorst. Maria Van Cortlandt, when Van 
Rensselaer's widow, married Dominie John 
Miller, or Mellen. Children, born at .Albany : 
I. Maria, bom July 31, 1702; married Frederic 
\'an Cortlandt. 2. Gertrude, born October 4, 
1703; died May 9, 1705. 3. Jeremias, born 
March 18, 1705 ; died at Albany, and was 
buried May 8, 1745, without issue. He came 
of legal age in 1726, and was made the fifth 
Patroon, or third Lord of the Manor, and 
represented the Manor in the assembly from 
September, 1726, to September, 1743. In 
1734 he visited Canada at the time of threat- 
ened rupture between France and England, 
the Canadian governor reporting. "Patroon, 
Lord of Albany, in company with another in- 
fluential gentleman, visited us under pretense 
of a tour." 4. Stephen, born March 17, 1707; 
died at Albany, and was buried at "the Mills" 
on July I, 1747: was sixth Patroon; married, 
July 5, 1729, Elizabeth Groesbeck (see for- 
ward). 5. Johannes, born December to, 1708; 
died 171 1, without issue. 6. Daughter, born 
August 28, 1710: died September 2, 1710. 7.. 
Johannes, born November 15, 1711 ; died De- 
cember 9, 1711. 8. Jacobus (James), born 
March 29, 1713; died 1713. 9. Gertrude, 
born October i, 1714: married Adoniah 
Schuyler (born 1717. died 1763), son of 
Arent Schuyler and Swantje Dyckhuyse. 10. 
John Baptist, born, January 29, 1717; died' 
1763, without issue. 11. Anna, born January 
I, 1719; died 1791 : married John Schuyler, 
son of Arent Schuyler and' Swantje Dyck- 
huyse. 

(IH) Stephen \'an Rensselaer, .son of 
Kiliaen Van Rensselaer and Maria Van Cort- 
landt, was born at y\lbany. New York, March 
17, 1707; was baptized j\Iarch 23rd by Dom- 
inie Lydius, of the Dutch Reformed Church, 
with General Philip Schuyler, godfather, 
Alaria Van Cortlandt and Elizabeth Johanna 
Schuyler, godmothers : died at the Manor 
House in .Mbany, and was buried "at the 
mills'' on July i, 1747. 

He was the sixth Patroon, and known as 
the fourth Lord of the Manor. His elder 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



13 



iDrother, Jeremias \'an Rensselaer, had been 
the fifth Patroon, but died unmarried in 1745, 
as the oldest son of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer. 
Stephen therefore succeeded him in control. 
His constitution was not robust, and he never 
took a very active part in public affairs, and 
•only two y^ears after his succession died at 
the age of forty. The population of the prov- 
ince of New York at that time was 61,589. 
Colonel William Johnson was at that period 
sending bands of Indian allies into Canada, 
for in September, 1746, he had been appointed 
"chief manager of the Indian Wav and Col- 
onel over all die Indians by their own appro- 
bation." The savages had burned the farms 
at Saratoga (Schuylerville) November 17, 
1745, and the French were expected to move 
xipon Albany at any time. 

He married, at Albany, July 5, 1729, Eliza- 
beth Groesbeck, born at Albany, baptized Au- 
g'ust 17, 1707, and buried December 31, 1756. 
Her father was Stephanus Groesbeck, a 
trader, (son of Claas Jacobse Groesbeck, from 
Rotterdam in 1662), buried July 17, 1744, 
who married, July 16, 1699, Elizabeth Lansing 
(born 1679), daughter of Johannes Lansing 
(born in Hassel and buried at Albany, Feb. 
28, 1728) and Gertrude Van Schaick. Chil- 
dren of sixth' Patroon Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer and Elizabeth Groesbeck: i. Kiliaen, 
born at Albany, baptized December 8, 1730: 
died 1730, without issue. 2. Maria, baptized 
August 13, 1732; died 1734, without issue. 3. 
Elizabeth, baptized July 12, 1734; married, at 
Albany, November i, 1763, General Abraham 
Ten Rroeck (son of Mayor Dirck Ten Broeck 
and Margarita Cuyler), who was mayor of 
Albany from April 9, 1779. to June 26, 1783, 
and from October 15, 1796, to December 31, 
1798; born at Albany, May 13, 1734, and died 
there, January 19. 1810. 4. Kiliaen, baptized 
April 17, 1737; died without issue. 5. Maria, 
baptized August 19, 1739; died without issue. 
6. Stephen, seventh Patroon, born at Rens- 
selaerswyck, was baptized June 2, 1742, died 
at Albany, October 19, 1769; married, in New 
York city, January 23, 1764, Catherine Liv- 
ingston (see forward). 7. Kiliaen, born 
1743; died without issue. 

(IV) Stephen Van Rensselaer, son of 
Stephen \'an Rensselaer and Elizabeth Groes- 
beck, was born at Rensselaerswyck, baptized 
June 2, 1742, and died at Watervliet, Albany" 
county, October 19, 1769. He was the sev- 
enth Patroon. His father had died when he 
was only five years old and the estate had 
to be managed for him. At about that time 
(in 1749) the population of Albany county 
was 10,634, and of the colony of New York 
73,348. The boundary between New York 



and Massachusetts was in dispute in 1752, as 
the manors of Hendrick \'an Rensselaer and 
Robert Livingston, on the east side of the 
Hudson, were being encroached upon. In 
1753 tlic Albany council petitioned Governor 
Clinton to levy a tax on the province in order 
to raise $30,000 to erect a stone wall about 
the city, claiming it required such defense as 
a frontier town. The various provinces sent 
commissioners to the colonial congress held 
in Albany, June, 1754, and 1755 marked the 
great conflict with the French, with serious 
engagements along Lakes Champlain and 
(ieorge, which were of vital concern to Al- 
bany. On September 17, 1755, General Philip 
Schuyler married Catherine \'an Rensselaer, 
only daughter of Colonel John Van Rens- 
selaer, of the Claverack Manor, and grand- 
daughter of the original owner of the vast 
tract on the east side after the first division 
of the Van Rensselaer patent. In 1756 the 
population of Albany county had risen to 17,- 
524, and The Schuyler Flatts were burned 
that year. So serious was the Massachusetts 
boundary dispute in July, 1757, that offers 
were made to take Hendrick Van Rensselaer 
dead or alive. Troops assembled here in great 
numbers under General James Abercrombie, 
in 1758, and following the death of Lord 
Howe, at Ticonderoga. July 6th, his body was 
brought here for burial in St. Peter's Church. 
The \'an Rensselaer Manor House, or the 
"Patroon"s," as it was more commonly called, 
was built by Stephen Van Rensselaer in 1765. 
At the time of its erection it was unquestion- 
ably the handsomest house in the colonies, 
and as such exerted a wide influence over the 
arcliitecture of the more ambitious dwellings. 
One or two, possibly three, other edifices, had 
been used by the head of the family before 
this, and likewise styled the Manor House ; 
but they were poor affairs compared with 
this one or with the average residence of 
these days in a country village. The original 
house was built of brick of unusual size (9 x 
4 1-4 X 2 inches) and it was painted in the 
colonial colors, cream and white. A short 
flight of steps led up to the Dutch "stoop," a 
small porch whose roof was upheld by two 
Doric columns, above which, in the second 
story, was the great Palladian window. The 
house was flanked at either end with octa- 
gonal wings one story in height. The walls 
were of unusual solidity, and the entire con- 
struction was the heaviest. The floor beams 
were of hewn pine, ranging from 3 x 12 to 9 x 
1 1 inches. All alx>ut it were gardens and 
lawns, surrounded by enormous elms, and the 
gradual slope towards the Hudson river was 
beautified for acres with floral eft'ects, foun- 



14 



HUDSOX AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



tain and statuary. Located one mile north of 
State street, it stood directly at the head of 
Broadway, which made a turn to the west in 
order to continue northward as the Troy road. 
Patroon's creek was the southern demarcation 
of the property, spanned by a massive brown- 
stone bridge, and at its edge stood the lodge 
where the keeper lived. It was to this hand- 
some home that Stephen \^an Rensselaer 
brought his bride, Catherine Livingston ; but 
he enjoyed it only a brief spell, for within six 
years of his marriage he died. 

Stephen Van Rensselaer, the seventh Pa- 
troon, married, in New York City, January 
23, 1764, Catherine Livingston, born August 
25, 1745, died April 17, 1810. Her father 
was Philip Livingston, signer of the Declara- 
tion of Independence for New York state ; 
born January 15, 1716; died at York, Penn- 
sylvania, June 12, 1778; who married, April 
14, 1740, Christina Ten Broeck, born Decem- 
ber 30, 1718; died June 29, 1801. When a 
widow, following the death of her husband, 
October ig, 1769, Mrs. \'an Rensselaer mar- 
ried, at Albany, July 19, 1775, Dominie Eilar- 
dus Westerlo, pastor of the Dutch Reformed 
Church in Albany, who was born in Groenin- 
gen, came to Albany in 1760. and died in 
Albany, December 26, 1790; by whom she 
had Rensselaer Westerlo, born in the Manor 
House, May 6, 1776, died April 18, 1851, 
married. May 5, 1805, Jane Lansing, daugh- 
ter of Chancellor John Lansing ; and a daugh- 
ter, Catherine, born in. the Manor House, 
August 23, 1778, died at Albany, September 
27. 1846, married Judge John Woodworth. 

Children of seventh Patroon Stephen Van 
Rensselaer and Catherine Livingston: 

1. Stephen, born in New York City, No- 
vember I, 1764; married (first) Margaret 
Schuyler, at Schuylerville, New York, June 6, 
1783; (second) Cornelia Paterson, at New 
Brunswick, New Jersey, May 17, 1802. Died 
at Albany. January 26, 1839. (See forward). 

2. Philip Schuyler, born at the Manor 
House. Albany, April 15, 1766; died at No. 
85 State street, Albany, September 25. 1824; 
was thirty-second mayor of Albany, officiating 
the longest of any maj-or, January i. 1799 to 
July 7, 1816, and July- 3, 18 19 to February 
18, 1821, and was president of the Bank of 
Albany: married, 1787, Anne de Peyster Van 
Cortlandt, born, 1766, died January 10, 1855, 
and was daughter of General Philip Van 
Cortlandt and Catherine De Peyster : no issue. 

3. Elizabeth, born at the Manor House in 
Albany, August 15, 1768; died in Albany, 
March 27. 1841 ; married in Albany, Septem- 
ber 18, 1787, John Bradstreet Schuyler, born 
in Albany, and was baptized July 23, 1765, 



died at Saratoga (Schuylerville), August 19^ 
1795, son of General Philip Schuyler and 
Catherine Van Rensselaer, by whom she had! 
two sons — Philip, born in Albany, October 26^ 
1788, married Grace Hunter, and Stephen 
Van Rensselaer, born May 4, 1790, died' 
young. After the death of John B. Schuyler, 
Elizabeth, his widow, married John Bleecker, 
in 1800, by whom she had one daughter, who- 
married Cornelius Glen \'an Rensselaer,, 
and several sons, who died unmarried, among 
them Stephen Van Rensselaer Bleecker, 
born January 5, 1803; died April 16, 1827. 

(V) General Stephen \'an Rensselaer, the- 
eighth Patroon, son of Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer and Catherine Livingston, was born in 
the house of his grandfather. Philip Living- 
ston, the Signer, in New York City, Novem- 
ber I, 1764, and died in the Manor House at 
Albany, New York, January 26, 1839. 

The new Manor House of the Patroon was 
not completed until he was one year old, in 
1765, and his father brought him and his 
mother there so soon as it was ready. His 
father died October 19, 1769, at the age of 
twenty-seven, when the son was less than six 
years old, so the care of the great landed and 
feudal estate, which had fallen exclusively tcv 
him by the rule of primogeniture, was com- 
mitted to his uncle. General Abraham Terr 
Broeck. It was managed by him with rare 
ability throughout the minority of his ward, 
despite the disturbed condition of affairs dur- 
ing the Revolutionary period, when Albany 
was the scene of serious preparation for war 
in collecting men and sujiplies for the great 
conflict at Bemis Heights and old Saratoga, 
or Schuylerville. General Ten Broeck was a 
participant in this military movenient to the 
north, and was the twenty-eighth mayor of 
Albany, officiating from April 9, 1779, to 
June 26, 1783. and a second term from Oc- 
tober 15, 1796, to December 31, 1798. He 
had married Elizabeth Van Rensselaer, daugh- 
ter of Patroon Stephen Van Rensselaer and 
Elizabeth Groesbeck, November i, 1763. 
Under his direction the Manor House was 
erected. 

Stephen was given his earliest education 
at Albany by John Waters, who was what 
was then known as a professional schoolmas- 
ter, and. being before the days of printed 
spelling-books, he was taught from a horn- 
book. A little later, his grandfather, Philip 
Livingston, took charge of his education, plac- 
ing him at a school in Elizabethtown. New 
Jersey ; but the troublous times of the Revolu- 
tion drove Livingston with his family from 
his home in New York City, and they took 
refuge in Kingston. Fortunately he estab- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



15 



lished a classical academy there under John 
Addison, a fine Scotchman possessing thor- 
ough scholarship and who was later a state 
senator. It then became necessary to supply 
the young man with an advanced education, 
and he was sent to Princeton, when the cele- 
brated Dr. Witherspoon, scholar, divine and 
patriot, was president. Witherspoon aban- 
doned education for the pursuit of war, was a 
Signer of the Declaration, and young Van 
Rensselaer, to avoid the seat of war, was sent 
to Cambridge, where he became a Harvard 
graduate in 1782. In 1825 Yale conferred 
upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws. 

The year following his graduation in 1782, 
peace had been restored in the United States, 
and the new nation firmly established. There 
was no occasion for the young man, then 
nineteen years of age, to fight. Instead, he 
turned his attention to matrimony, and mar- 
ried Margaret Schuyler, at "Old" Saratoga 
(Schuylerville), New York, in 1783. She 
W'as third daughter of General Philip Schuy- 
ler and Catherine Van Rensselaer. Her next 
elder sister, Elizabeth, had married Alexander 
Hamilton, who were thus the uncle and aunt 
of General Stephen Van Rensselaer. Mar- 
garet Schuyler was born in Albany, and bap- 
tized there September 24, 1758, and she died 
there on March 14, 1801. Her remains re- 
pose in the center of the Van Rensselaer lot 
in the Albany Rural Cemetery. Her father 
was General Philip Schuyler, commander of 
the Army of the North in 1777, and trusted 
friend of Washington, who was born in Al- 
bany, November 11, 1733, married September 
17, 1755. and died in Albany, November 18, 
1804. Her mother was Catherine Van Rens- 
selaer, born in The Crailo, Greenbush (Rens- 
selaer, N. Y.), November 4, 1734, died in the 
Schuyler ]\Iansion, Albany, RIarch 7, 1803, 
and was daughter of Johannes Van Rens- 
selaer and Engeltie (.Angelica) Livingston, 
the latter being the daughter of Robert Liv- 
ingston, Jun., twelfth mayor of Albany. John 
Van Rensselaer became heir of the Claverack 
patent when his father, Hendrick, died July 
2, 1740. and was thus the owner of "The 
Crailo" in Greenbusli, called Rensselaer later. 
It will be remembered that Hendrick Van 
Rensselaer was a brother of the last Patroon 
by the name of Kiliaen — in other words, the 
younger brother of Stephen's great-grand- 
father. Hendrick was born in 1667, died in 
1689, and had married Catharina Van Brough 
(or Verbrugge), whose share in the property 
left by their father, Jeremias, was the Claver- 
ack property. 

At this time Stephen Van Rensselaer's 
mother was the wife of Dominie Eilardus 



Westerlo, whom she had married in Albany, 
July 19, 1775, and they were residing in the 
Manor House, which she had a right to do as 
the Patroon's widow. He was an original' 
Dutchman, born in Groeningen, known widely 
as a fine scholar, an eminent divine, and as- 
the pastor for a long period of the Dutch Re- 
formed Church in Albany, preaching in the- 
Dutch language for the first fifteen or twenty 
years of his charge. As Dominie Westerlo- 
and his wife, the mother of Stephen, were 
occupying the Manor House, consequently the 
young man brought his bride to tlie mansion 
at the southeast corner of North Market street 
(Broadway) and North Ferry street, which 
had served as an ample parsonage. When,, 
however, Stephen reached his majority. Dr. 
Westerlo and his wife exchanged residences 
with the young Patroon and his bride, the- 
latter couple leaving the parsonage to occupy 
the Manor House. The day of his attaining 
his majority was made one of great celebra- 
tion, and from miles around the tenantry and 
the social set of the city flocked to participate 
in his hospitality. 

Mr. Van Rensselaer found it necessary to 
look critically after the interests of his Manor, 
for in order to secure good returns it was 
essential that the lands should be cultivated, 
and while speculators would buy lands, the 
farmers, or laborious tillers of the soil, were 
unwilling to contract for the fee. By offering 
leases in fee or for long terms at a moder- 
ate rental, he readily succeeded in bringing a 
large proportion of his lands, comprising the 
greater portion of the counties of Albany and 
Rensselaer, into cultivation, thus acquiring a 
goodly income, \ct those who knew him have 
said "he had none of that morbid appetite for 
wealth which grows ravenous by what it feeds 
on." 

He received his first military commission^. 
as a major of infantry, in 1786, when twenty- 
two years old, and two years later was pro- 
moted to colonel and given command of a 
regiment. In 1801, Governor John Jay di- 
rected the cavalry of New York to be divided 
from the infantry, and the cavalry formed a 
single division, with two brigades, and the 
command of the whole was conferred upon 
Stephen Van Rensselaer. He bore the com- 
mission of major-general of cavalry to his 
death. 

In 1787, he took an important step in his 
career as a man of character, when twenty- 
three years of age and on the threshold of a 
life which might have been one pampered 
with wanton and luxurious excesses, he de- 
liberately chose, by a formal profession of 
religious faith and a personal vow of religi- 



i6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



■ous obedience, according to the doctrines and 
discipline of the Christian cliurch as adopted 
by the Dutch reformers, to pledge himself to 
a life of temperance, simplicity, truth and 
purity. How well he kept his vow is known 
to all who are intimately acquainted with the 
manner of his life, for his domestic relations 
were the most tender, and his character before 
the world harmonious and beautiful, as well 
.as replete with deeds of public service. 

Towards the close of 1787, the convention 
sitting in Philadelphia to frame a constitution, 
terminated its labors and submitted its work 
for the judgment of the people. Air. Van 
Rensselaer took ground promptly, and was 
pronouncedly in favor of the constitution. The 
next spring delegates to the state convention 
were to be chosen from Albany county, and 
both Yates and Lansing, who had left the 
Philadelphia convention before its labors were 
completed, were residents of the same county 
and held great power as anti-Federalists. It 
was to be expected that their views would 
prevail, yet Mr. Van Rensselaer, urged by his 
party to uphold their moral force in the con- 
troversy, consented to stand as a candidate 
for the assembly, and despite his popularity 
was beaten. In the spring of the next year, 
1789, however, Mr. Van Rensselaer was again 
a candidate, and, with the previous question 
settled, was elected by an enormous majority. 
In the spring of 1790 he was elected to the 
state senate, and was re-elected, serving con- 
tinuously until 1795, as a faithful, vigilant 
and influential member. On standing com- 
mittees, of which there were few then, he 
was always an important member. At the 
next gubernatorial election, 1795, he was 
chosen lieutenant-governor, with Hon. John 
Jay as executive, Messrs. Yates and Floyd 
heading the opposition ticket. In 1798 both 
were renominated and elected by handsome 
majorities. This time Chancellor Livingston 
was .Mr. Jay's opjxjnent, while Mr. \'an Rens- 
selaer was the candidate of both Federalists 
and the antis, so universally popular had he 
become. .At the same time, the plan was to 
attract votes for Livingston away from Jay. 
In January, 1801, a convention was held at 
the Tontine Coffee House in .Albany, and Mr. 
Van Rensselaer was unanimously named the 
candidate for governor. His nomination was 
enthusiastically seconded in New York City 
and at public meetings all over the state. His 
purity, reliable judgment and competent ac- 
quaintance with interests and business of the 
state commended him ; but the parties were 
at such great odds, the rancor so fearful, that 
it poisoned even whole families with hatred 
•one for another. De Witt Clinton was named 



as his opponent. He was also deservedly pop- 
ular and a man of great energy in affairs of 
moment. In the midst of the state campaign 
announcement of the election of Thomas Jef- 
ferson was announced. It helped in large 
measure to turn the tide, and Mr. Van Rens- 
selaer was defeated by a majority of less than 
four thousand votes. 

In October, 1801, a state convention met 
at Albany to revise the constitution, and Mr. 
\'an Rensselaer was a member, presiding dur- 
ing much of the deliberations as chairman, 
although Aaron Burr was its president. In 
1807 he was elected to the assembly, with 
his friend, Abraham \'an Vechten, as col- 
league. In March, 1810, a commission was 
chosen by the legislature, consisting of seven 
persons — Gouverneur Morris, DeWitt Clinton 
and Stephen Van Rensselaer among the more 
important — for exploring a route for a pro- 
posed western canal. In the summer of that 
year, accompanied by a surveyor, he traveled 
by horseback inspecting a route for the pro- 
jected undertaking which resulted in the Erie 
canal, and they gave their findings in Febru- 
ary. 181 1. With all his enormous energy he 
advocated the measure in the assembly, thus 
giving the plan an impetus very needful be- 
cause of considerable opposition. 

War against Great Britain was declared in 
June, 1812. This was another crisis in his 
life. A requisition was made on Governor 
Tompkins, of New York, and the patriotic 
governor promptly obeyed, selecting Major- 
General Stephen Van Rensselaer for the com- 
mand. They were then regarded as rival can- 
didates for the chief magistracy. The lines 
of party were distinctly drawn, and the Fed- 
eralists were charged with lieing hostile to the 
war as being premature and unnecessary. 
General \'an Rensselaer was a Federalist. 
The appointment placed him in a position of 
embarrassment, for, should he decline, it 
would tell against his party, and. on the other 
hand, he was expected to defend both the 
northern and western frontier, with no ex- 
perience in warfare and dealing with decided- 
ly impracticable material in the make-up of 
fighters. He did not hesitate an instant, but 
accepted the service. His country had sum- 
moned him to the field, and he was ready. He 
was not a loiterer, for in an incredibly short 
time he had thrown off the citizen surrounded 
by political advisers, and had formed his mili- 
tary family. In ten days he arrived at Og- 
densburgh. having inspected Sackett's Har- 
bor on the way. On August 13th he was in 
camp at Lewiston, just one month from his 
call, and just two months later, on October 
13th, he was engaged in one of the most gal- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



17 



lant and brilliant affairs of the whole war. 
He carried his American arms into the ene- 
my's territory, and planted the flag' of the 
LTnited States triumphantly on the Heights of 
Oueenstown. Althougli gaining a complete 
victory, unfortunately it was of brief dura- 
tion, on account of the deflection of his troops. 
Had they remained by him, he could have re- 
tained the peninsula of the upper province of 
Canada for the winter, for it was originally 
planned that Fort George should also be 
stormed by regular troops. Very valuable to 
him had been the services of his aide, Colonel 
Solomon \'an Rensselaer, who was wounded 
a number of times when in the thickest of the 
fight. By the shameful refusal of his yeoman 
soldiery, under the plea of constitutional scru- 
ples, to march into the camp which had been 
won for them, he should have felt wroth ; but 
he reported it .as an unvarnished relation of 
facts, telling the truth plainly, but without 
complaints or reproaches, for he had done his 
full duty. The British had lost their General 
Brock by the engagement, and during the 
■cessation of hostilities agreed upon for six 
days, both sides proceeded to humanitarian 
duties of burying the dead and caring for the 
wounded. General ^^an Rensselaer informed 
his antagonist that he should order a salute 
to be fired at his camp and also at Fort Ni- 
agara on the occasion of the funeral solemni- 
ties of the brave and lamented Brock, to 
■which the stern General Sheaffe replied : "I 
feel too strongly the generous tribute which 
you propose to pay for my departed friend 
and chief, to be able to express the sense I 
entertain of it." 

(General \'an Rensselaer entered the guber- 
natorial campaign against Daniel D. Tomp- 
kins in the spring of 1813, but his party was 
in the minority, even though giving him a 
united support, and he was defeated in the 
state by 3,600 votes out of the 83.000 cast in 
the election. In 1816 he was again elected to 
the assembly, and in March the canal com- 
missioners, with Mr. Van Rensselaer at their 
head and acting as chairman, presented their 
report to the legislature, requesting that body 
to adopt immediate measures for prosecuting 
the enterprise. In April this great work was 
authorized, the management committed to a 
hoard of canal commissioners, with General 
Van Rensselaer as a member. He was presi- 
dent of that board for fifteen years, succeed- 
ing DeWitt Clinton in April, 1824, and serv- 
ing until his death in 1839. 

In 1819 the legislature was induced to pass 
an act for the encouragement and improve- 
ment of agriculture, appropriating money to 
he divided ratablv among the counties, which 



were to form county societies, with presidents, 
who should form a central board. The dele- 
gates from twenty-six county societies met at 
the Capitol in January. 1820, and elected Gen- 
eral Van Rensselaer president. In 1819 he 
was elected regent of the University of the 
State of New York, and was subsequently the 
chancellor until his death. 

In December. 1823, General Van Rensselaer 
took his seat in congress for the first time, 
and was continued in his place by re-election 
for three successive terms, retiring on March 
4. 1829. He held the position of chairman 
of the committee on agriculture. His report 
on tariff laws affecting agriculture, made in 
March, 1824, was a valuable one. His ballot 
on the presidency, in February, 1825, deter- 
mined the vote of his state's delegation in 
favor of Mr. Adams. 

On May 5, 1824, the Albany Institute was 
organized for the purpose of engaging in 
fields of observation of the natural sciences, 
for study of new theories and discoveries, and 
the preparation of learned papers. General 
\'an Rensselaer was elected its first president, 
having the local prestige of being the presi- 
dent of the Albany Lyceum of Natural His- 
tory. This society elected him annually 
through fifteen years, until his death. He 
perceived the advantage of placing knowledge 
before the people, and his first movement was 
to employ Professor Eaton, with several com- 
petent assistants, to traverse the state near 
the route of the Erie canal, taking apparatus 
and specimens to aid the delivery of lectures 
before business men and farmers in all the 
villages along the line. Tiiese were given on 
chemistry, natural philosophy and various 
branches of natural history, and were given 
in the summer of 1824 at his expense. The 
experiment was a success. He had also been 
accustomed to send his schoolmaster among 
his tenants in the same capacity, and this led 
him, on November 5, 1824. to provide a suit- 
able building in Troy, New York, for the 
conduct of a school under Rev. Dr. Blatch- 
ford, to whom he delivered a set of rules for 
its government. He endowed it with pro- 
fessors, and it was incorporated in 1826 as 
the Rensselaer Institute. Through the next 
two years, he paid one-half of its current ex- 
penses, and at his death he endowed it. Not 
alone did he institute the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic, but to two colleges he gave $5,000 
each, and to a single agent for the prosecu- 
tion of scientific research and advancement of 
education, no less than $30,000. His bene- 
factions were not only most liberal, but wisely 
devoted, and in those days these sums were 
considered fortunes in themselves. 



i8 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



He was connected with the institution of 
Masonry, having been initiated in 1786. when 
twenty-two years old, and was placed in official 
station, becoming successively junior and 
senior warden, and then master. In 1793 he 
declined further election in Master's Lodge, 
but in 1825 was installed in the highest office 
of Masonry, that of grand master, which act 
was conducted by Governor DeWitt Clinton. 

The funeral of General Van Rensselaer was 
a most impressive one, perhaps more so than 
any other at Albany before or afterwards. 
The religious service was held at the North 
Dutch Church, and the body, in a simple, 
unadorned casket, was borne nearly a mile to 
the family vault, upon men's shoulders, the 
bearers frequently relieving each other, for 
no hearse was permitted to receive the hal- 
lowed burthen. The mourners, composed of 
the family, civic officials. Masonic bodies, 
school societies, the chief magistrate and other 
executive officers of the state, members of 
the legislature, all on foot, not a carriage 
being in use. The military were in citizens' 
dress ; all badges of office were laid aside ; 
no plumes nodded ; no helmets glistened ; no 
music murmured — solemn, slow and silent the 
vast throng moved through the highway to 
the north. 

It is of interest to note the manner in which 
in those days the intelligence of his death was 
sent to New York City, where he was well 
known, and it being necessary to transmit 
the news because of his prominence in the 
state's public life. It is recorded in Mun- 
sell's "Notes from the Newspapers," as an 
item of news on that day, January 26, 1839 : 

".\n e.xpress was started by Messrs. Baker & 
Walker, to carrj' the intelligence of the Patroon's 
death to Kew York. A Mr. Dimmick left Albany 14 
minutes before 6 p. m. in a sulkey. At Redhook, he 
found a bridge gone, but mounted his horse and 
swam the stream, drawing the sulkey after him. .^t 
Fishkill, the obstruction was much more formidable. 
The bridge was gone, and the road for more than 
half a mile inundated. He again mounted his horse, 
who pushed gallantly into the flood and swam, with 
his rider and sulkey, over a quarter of a mile, bring- 
ing both safely to the opposite shore. Notwith- 
standing these and other obstructions the express 
arrived at the Carlton House at 20 minutes past 8 
o'clock in the morning, having rode over the distance 
of about 150 miles in 14 h. 31 m." 

General Stephen \'an Rensselaer, the eighth 
Patroon. married Margaret Schuyler, daugh- 
ter of General Philip Schuyler and Catherine 
V'an Rensselaer, at Schuylerville. New York, 
June 6, 1783: and married (second) Cornelia 
Patcrson, at New Brunswick, New Jersey, on 
May 17, 1802. She was born June 4. 1780, 
and died in New York City, August 6. 1844. 
Her father was Chief Justice William Pater- 



son, a resident of New Brunswick, New Jer- 
sey, born at sea December 24, 1745, and died 
September 9, 1806, while on a visit at the 
Manor House in Albany. He was U. S. 
senator in 1789; in 1791 chosen second gov- 
ernor of New Jersey, and General Washing- 
ton appointed him in 1793 a justice of the 
U. S. supreme court, which position he held 
up to the time of his death. He married Cor- 
nelia Bell, daughter of John Bell, in 1779. 
Three children were the result of the first 
marriage, and nine by the latter. 

Children of General Stephen \'an Rensse- 
laer and Margaret Schuyler : 

1. Catherine Schuyler, born in July,, 1784, 
baptized August 9 ; died at Albany, April 26, 
1797, without issue. 

2. Stephen, born at Albany, June 6, 1786; 
died in 1787. 

3. Stephen, born at Albany, March 29, 
1789 : died at the Manor House, Albany, May 

25, 1868; married, in New York City. January 
2, 1817, Harriet Elizabeth Bayard (see for- 
ward). 

Children of Gen. Stephen \'an Rensselaer 
and Cornelia Paterson : 

4. Catherine, born at Albany, October 17, 
1803 ; died in New York City, November, 
1874 ; married, 1830, Gouvemeur Morris 
Wilkins. 

5. William Paterson. born at Albany, New 
York, March 6, 1805 ; died at New York 
City. November 13, 1872: married (first) in 
New York, March. 1833. Eliza Rogers, (born 
New York, 1812, died in Cuba. March, 1836), 
by whom one child: married (second), at 
New York City, April 4. 1839, Sarah Rogers 
(born New York. October 29. 1810: died Rye, 
N. Y.. Nov. 19, 1887). daugliters of Benjamin 
Woolsey Rogers and Susan Bayard : by whom 
eight children, as follows : William Paterson, 
born in New York, January, 1835. died in 
Rye, New York, July, 1854: Susan Bayard, 
born in New York, January 31, 1840. died in 
Rye. New York. July 19. 1863 : Cornelia, born 
in Albany, September 22. 1841. married John 
Erving of New York, April 22. 1862; 
Walter Stephen, born in Albany, November 
2, 1843, died in Rye, New York. May 14, 
1865 ; Captain Kiliaen, born in Albany. Feb- 
ruary 14, 1845. married Olivia Phelps 
Atterbury, in New York. Deceinber 13, 
1870: died in New 'S'ork, November 

26, 1905 ; Sarah Elizabeth, born in New 
York, January 18, 1847, "^'^d in Rye. New 
York, June 29, 1859; Arthur, born in New 
York. September 28, 1848. died in New York, 
March 4. 1869: Catherine Goodhue, born in 
Norwalk, Connecticut, 1850, married, June 11, 
1891, Rev. Anson Phelps Atterbury ; Eleanor 




Snte/i/ien Van ,yien66ela&K 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



19 



Cecilia, born in Rye, New York, November 
3, 1853, married at Rye, New York, June i, 
1887, Hamilton R. Fairfax. 

6. Philip Schuyler, born at Albany, October 
14, 1806; died June i, 1871 ; married, October 
17, 1839, Mary Rebecca Tallmadge, born May 
16, 1817, died August 3, 1872, and had: James 
Tallmadge; Philip, died in 1882; Cornelia; 
Clinton ; Franklin ; Cortlandt. 

7. Cortlandt, born at Albany, May 25, 1808 ; 
died at Burlington, New Jersey, July 25, i860; 
married, September 13, 1836, Catherine Led- 
yard Cogswell, born September 22, 181 1, died 
December 24, 1882. daughter of Mason Fitch 
Cogswell. M. D., by whom: Philip Livingston; 
Alice (Hodge) ; Elizabeth Wadsworth (Byrd 
Grubb) ; Ledyard Cogswell ; Alexander. 

8. Henry Bell, born at Albany, May 10, 
1810; died at Cincinnati, Ohio, March 23, 
1864; married, August 22, 1833, Elizabeth 
Ray King (daughter of Governor John Alsop 
King and Mary Ray), born August 17, 1815; 
by whom: Euphemia, Elizabeth (Wadding- 
ton), John King, Katharine (Delafield), and 
Henry. 

9. Cornelia Paterson, born at Albany. July 
8, 1812; married Robert Turnbull, M. D., 
February 16, 1847; by whom Cornelia Pater- 
son (Turnbull) and Catherine Euphemia 
(Turnbull). 

10. Alexander, born November 5, 1814; 
died, 1878: married, 1851, Mary Howland ; 
(second), 1864, Louisa Barnewell, and had: 
Samuel Howland, Mary, Louisa, (Baylies), 
Mabel, and Alice. 

11. Euphemia White, born at Albany, Sep- 
tember 25, 1816: died May 27, 1888; married, 
May 2, 1843, John Church Cruger ; by whom 
Stephen Van Rensselaer (Cruger), Cornelia 
(Cruger), and Catherine (Cruger). 

12. Westerlo, born at Albany, March 14, 
1820: died at Albany, July 8, 1844. 

(VI) General Stephen Van Rensselaer, son 
of General Stephen Van Rensselaer, the eighth 
Patroon, and Margaret Schuyler, was born in 
the Manor House at Albany, New York, 
March 29. 1789, and died in the same place. 
May 25, 1868. 

He was given a thorough education, and 
enjoyed the benefits of culture acquired by 
travel abroad and by continual association 
with people of refinement. In social and pub- 
lic life he was greatly respected, and in his 
family much beloved. 

A leading event in his life, as it aflfected 
him and his family, was the anti-rent feud. 
Anti-rentism had its origin in Albany county. 
Its existence dated from the death of General 
Van Rensselaer in 1839, the last holder of 
the Manor of Rensselaerswvck under the 



British crown and its regulations. He was 
known to that generation as "the Patroon," 
was sometimes styled the "good Patroon," 
and after his death as "the old Patroon." 
Primogeniture was the law of inheritance in 
England, so it had been to some extent in 
the British colonies, and, as the eldest son, 
Stephen Van Rensselaer had inherited the 
Manor. But the Revolution and subsequent 
laws changed the rule of inheritance, giving 
alike to all the children if no will were made. 
In order to break the force of this radical 
change, and so as to continue this vast landed 
interest in the hands of his two eldest sons, 
Stephen and William Paterson Van Renssel- 
aer, General Van Rensselaer (1764-1839), on 
reaching his majority, had adopted the sys- 
tem of selling his lands in fee, reseii-ing to 
himself in the conveyances, and to his heirs 
and assigns, all mines and minerals, all streams 
of water for mill purposes, and beyond this, 
certain old-time feudal returns, denominated 
rents, payable annually at his Manor House, 
usually specified as so many bushels of good, 
clean, merchantable winter wheat, four fat 
fowl, and one day's service with carriage and 
horses : finally the reservation or exaction of 
one-quarter of the purchase price on every 
vendition of the land. In other words, one 
condition alone provided an income to him 
every time the purchaser of land should resell 
it. It is said that the mind of Alexander 
Hamilton conceived and framed this form of 
lease or conveyance for Van Rensselaer's es- 
pecial benefit. 

Under such peculiar conditions, the land of 
the Patroon in Albany and Rensselaer coun- 
ties was sold to innumerable purchasers for 
farms. The system operated successfully dur- 
ing the life of the Patnx)n ; but when liis son 
Stephen (born in 1789), inherited tlie land 
by his father's deatli in 1839, a new and seri- 
ous trouble arose. The first purchasers did 
not object, for they had bought with the defin- 
ite understanding clearly before them : but 
on the death of the Patroon and also of the 
purchaser, the successors of the latter, as new 
owners, began to grow restive under the bur- 
dens imposed, and when either Stephen or 
William P. Van Rensselaer pressed for pay- 
ments of the money due as reserved in the 
deeds, the owners of the land began to ques- 
tion the legality of the reservation. 

To Stephen \'an Rensselaer and his younger 
brother, William Paterson Van Rensselaer, 
the Patroon, General Stephen Van Rensselaer, 
had devised by his will, drawn on April 18, 
1837, all interest in the lands thus sold by him 
in fee, with the reservations of rents — in other 
words, they believed that they owned or re- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



tained the soil. Stephen, the oldest son, was 
to receive the rents in Albany county, and 
William P. Van Rensselaer those in Rens- 
selaer county. The rents at this time came 
in more sparingly and were paid more re- 
luctantly than they had been to the father, 
who had been noted as one of the most gentle, 
kind-hearted and benevolent of men, often 
generously reducing the rents and in many 
ways calling forth the love and gratitude of 
the landholders. The only course open for 
his son was to sue in the courts, and it was 
not long before a strong hostility developed. 
The legal contests of a quarter of a century 
might have been avoided if the lawyers had 
perceived that the deeds of the Patroon, being 
absolute conveyances of all interest in the 
lands, the reservations were, for that reason, 
invalid as incumbrances, made so by the Eng- 
lish statute, known as the statute of quia 
emptores, which rendered it impossible for a 
British subject, on a conveyance in fee of 
his land, to make, or if made, to enforce by 
re-entry or forfeiture, such feudal reserva- 
tions. That was a right remaining in and 
belonging to the crown alone. It is probable 
that Hamilton assumed that that statute was 
never in force in the colonies, for it was 
adopted hack in the reign of Edward L, and 
later lawyers might have dismissed the con- 
sideration of it on the assumption it was not 
the law of either colony or state. 

In the spring of 1839 the anti-renters held 
their preliminary meeting, numerously at- 
tended by all the fanners living in the Helder- 
berg towns. They apixiinted a committee to 
wait on Mr. Van Rensselaer to ascertain 
whether a compromise might not be effected. 
On May 22 the committee visited the office of 
Mr. Van Rensselaer, but he refused to recog- 
nize them, and instructed his agent, Douw B. 
Lansing, to inform them that he would com- 
municate in writing. He did so, informing 
them that he considered it would be an in- 
justice to himself and his family to consent 
to their claims. 

From that time on, his agents had much 
difficulty in collecting rents, and frequently, 
when attempting to do so, were held off by 
shotguns. In December, Sheriff Archer was 
obliged to call to his aid. in serving process, 
the posse comitatis, or power of the county. 
Among jirnminent citizens summoned was ex- 
Governor William L. Marcy. who went as far 
as Clarksville. On December 3rd the sheriff, 
with his posse, numbering six hundred citi- 
zens, started from Albany for Reidsville, some 
sixteen miles from the city. Arriving within 
a few miles of the place where the disturb- 
ance was expected, he selected seventy-five of 



the stoutest-hearted and pushed on to Reids- 
ville, where it was understood that the anti- 
renters were collected in force. Before reach- 
ing Reidsville the sheriff and his posse en- 
countered no less than fifteen hundred men, 
mounted upon their farm horses, posted 
across the highway, who absolutely barred 
further progress and ordered the smaller body 
to go back. The sheriff and his men could 
but comply, and gladly marched back to Al- 
bany, arriving at 9 o'clock that night. 

The next morning the sheriff presented an 
exaggerated account of what had transpired 
to Governor William H. Seward, who deemed 
it his duty to call out the militia, and forth- 
with he ordered out a force sufficient to cap- 
ture every man, woman and child upon the 
Helderbergs. It consisted of the Albany Bur- 
gesses' Corps, Capt. Bayeux ; Albany Union 
Guards, Capt. Brown ; Albany Republican Ar- 
tillery, Capt. Strain ; First Company Van 
Rensselaer Guards, Capt. Kearney : Second 
Company Van Rensselaer Guards, Capt. 
Berry ; Troy Artillery, Capt. Howe ; Troy 
Citizens' Corps. Capt. Pierce, and Troy City 
Guards, Capt. Wickes. 

Major William Bloodgood was in command 
of this formidable body of citizen-soldiery, 
and, headed by Sheriff Archer, they moved 
on Reidsville, the morning of December 9, 
1839. Its march, with colors flying, drums 
beating and cannon rumbling, was decidedly 
imposing. It found no enemy to attack. Re- 
maining on duty in camp for a week, it re- 
turned sadly bedraggled, in a cold rainstorm, 
somewhat chagrined. Under proclamation of 
subsequent governors, similar demonstrations 
took place, all the time the landholders hop- 
ing that Mr. \'an Rensselaer would seek a 
compromise. Politicians were alive to bring 
the landholders into line, and urged the press 
to take the matter up. with the result that 
The Freeholder, published in Albany, became 
their organ, while The Whig, or the paper 
opposed to the Democratic party, secured the 
greater number of anti-renters. After many 
years the question was allowed to drop from 
politics and the courts took it up. The court 
of appeals rendered decisions in special cases 
in 1852. 1859, and finally in 1863, after which 
the matter rested. Many who sought to risk 
their fortunes that they might be large gain- 
ers, bought the claims of the landholders, and 
Walter S. Church in this way acquired in- 
numerable pieces of property and was in liti- 
gation until his death. 

The large area of the once famous "Lumber 
District" extending along the river front from 
North Ferry street, northward for a mile, and 
real estate in or close to the city, were not 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \"ALLEYS 



encumbered by perpetual leases, and remained 
as a source of income for members of the 
three generations following. Among the pa- 
pers preserved by the family is the account- 
book of General Abraham Ten Broeck, the 
guardian during the minority of Stephen, and 
under the entry of a "charge for beef and 
liquor consumed in a dinner to the tenantry 
on this your glorious twenty-first birthday" 
is a brief mention of a transaction which 
many years later took from the Van Rens- 
selaers many of their acres. On that day the 
Patroon sold in fee. with warranty of title, 
his farming lands in Albany and Rensselaer 
counties, and no less than nine hundred farms 
of 150 acres each, or more than 207 square 
miles, were leased on that day. 

On June 3, 1843, the Manor House was 
opened after extensive alterations made by 
Architect Richard Upjohn, the leading archi- 
tect of the time, whose handiwork may be 
seen in Trinity Church, New York. The 
wings had been torn down, the whitestone had 
been removed and replaced with brown New 
Jersey sandstone, and the great wings and 
porch in front had been added. The new 
building bore no resemblance to the old, even 
in architectural style. The brick exterior was 
now concealed behind a coating of sanded 
mastic, and the new stone-work was for the 
most part of a strictly classical design ; but 
in gables and belt courses a distinctly Gothic 
tendency prevailed. The building was rec- 
tangular in plan, with the great hall, 24 feet 
broad, extending from the front to the rear, 
some 46 feet. On either side of front and 
rear doors were large windows with deep 
window-seats. The walls of this hall were 
decorated with frescoes which in their day 
were the wonder of the country. These were 
painted upon large sheets of heavy paper, and 
were executed in Holland especially for the 
room, and put on the walls in 1768, as is 
shown by the bill which is preserved. The 
center of the west wall was pierced by a large, 
arched doorway, leading to the stairs, flanked 
by Ionic pilasters. The stairs were lighted 
by a semi-circular window at the landing, dis- 
playing in colors the family coat-of-arms, sim- 
ilar to one placed in the Dutch church in 
1656. 

The principal adornments in the main hall 
were two alabaster urns, six feet tall and 
handsomely carved with acanthus leaves, in- 
tended to hold lights. Two large equestrian 
statues in bronze stood in the central line, one 
of them depicting Chevalier Bayard, there 
being only one duplicate in existence. To the 
right of the entrance was a room about 24 
feet square, the guest room or "Bridal Cham- 



ber," as sometimes called, and beyond it, fur- 
ther to the east, the large drawing room, orna- 
mented with carved wood, statuary in marble 
and bronze, and many oil paintings upon the 
walls. To the rear of this was the library. 
Correspondingly were placed to the left of the 
entrance, the reception room, from which one 
entered, further to the west, the long dining- 
room, which was the scene of brilliant enter- 
tainments and had made the Manor House a 
noted place both here and abroad, for the 
foreign guests received at the Patroon's board 
not infrequently returned to their homes with 
glowing accounts of the sumptuous hospitality 
and the magnificence of the family plate. 

When Stephen Van Rensselaer died. May 
25, 1868, he left behind him an enviable re- 
putation for the sterling virtues which had 
distinguished the line from which he had de- 
scended. He was liberal in his benefactions 
and dispensed wealth freely to all charitable 
objects and church. On his death, about 2,500 
acres between the Troy and Shaker roads, 
north of the Manor House and in which he 
had a life estate, reverted to his half-brother, 
William Paterson Van Rensselaer. Surviving 
him in his own immediate family, besides his 
widow, were: Margaret, wife of Wilmot 
Johnson, of Chases, Maryland: Cornelia, wife 
of Nathaniel Thayer, of Boston : Catherine, 
widow of Nathaniel Berry of Washington and 
Paris ; Justine, widow of Dr, Howard Town- 
send, then residing in Albany; Harriet, wife 
of Colonel John Schuyler Crosby, of New 
York City ; Laura Reynolds, widow of Bayard 
Van Rensselaer, living in Albany ; and Eu- 
gene, who had married Miss Sarah Pendleton. 

At the funeral, held in the old North Dutch 
Church of 1799, on May 28th, Rev. Rufus 
W. Clark officiated, assisted by Rev. Dr. Ken- 
nedy, of Troy, Rev. Dr. Vermilye preaching 
the sermon, and Rev. Dr. William Buel 
Sprague delivering the benediction. The 
mourners were followed by the physicians, 
wearing white linen scarfs. On the following 
Sunday, Rev. Dr. Clark preached a memorial 
discourse. The consistory of the Dutch 
Church, of which he had been an elder, met 
the day following his deatli and voiced this 
sentiment regarding their senior member : 
"We bear, with profound satisfaction, our 
testimony to his munificent liberality to this 
church, to the various public educational insti- 
tutions, to the societies for the extension of 
the Redeemer's Kingdom, and to every de- 
partment of Christian charity." 

The Board of Lumber Dealers met on the 
27th, and their resolution spoke of "our land- 
lord and friend. General Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer, whose intercourse with us has been 



HUDSON AND MOPIAWK VALLEYS 



distinguished by fairness, considerateness and 
courtesy." The Albany Institute, of which 
body he was an early, most efficient patron 
and supporter, memorialized his "love of jus- 
tice and regard for the rights of others were 
strong by nature and invigorated by constant 
exercise, whose respect for truth and detesta- 
tion of deceit were always deeply felt." The 
Young Men's Christian Association assembled 
on the 29th and spoke of him as "our vener- 
able and honored friend, * * * Jn whom 
we have lost a personal friend, a public bene- 
factor, and an earnest supporter of our As- 
sociation." 

General Stephen Van Rensselaer and Har- 
riet Elizabeth Bayard were married in New 
York City, by Bishop Hobart, of the Episco- 
pal church, January 2, 1817. She was born 
in New York City, February 12, 1799, and 
died in the Manor ?Iouse at Albany, June 19, 
1875. She was the daughter of William 
Bayard, who died September 18, 1826 ; who 
married, October 4, 1783. Elizabeth Cornell, 
born in 1764, died at the Manor House, Al- 
bany, January 17, 1854. William Bayard was 
the son of Colonel William Bayard and Cath- 
erine McEvers. 

Colonel William Bayard was a prominent 
and opulent merchant of New York City, 
where he was born on June i, 1729, and died 
at Southampton, England, in 1804. He re- 
sided at Castle Point, Hoboken, New Jersey, 
and, although he joined the Sons of Liberty, 
his estate was confiscated because his princi- 
ples would not permit him to aid the move- 
ment for independence. He was a direct de- 
scendant of Nicholas Bayard, born in Alphen, 
Holland, about 1644, who came to America 
with the Dutch Governor, Pieter Stuyvesant, 
landing at New Amsterdam on May 11, 1647, 
and died in New York, in 1707. He was 
mayor of New York in 1685, secretary of 
the Province of New York in 1673, and re- 
ceiver-general in 1663. Colonel William Bay- 
ard's wife, Catherine McEvers, was born in 
1732 and died in 1814. Mrs. Stephen Van 
Rensselaer was a woman of superior educa- 
tion and culture, given to the most cordial 
hospitality, and her life was consecrated to 
kind acts, h'ollowing her death, in 1875, there 
was a division of the property among the 
heirs, and the Manor House was closed for- 
ever as a family habitation. In October, 
1893, the building was razed, and the land 
thereabouts placed on the market. Twenty- 
five years later it was the scene of a number 
of manufacturing plants, and what were once 
handsome grounds and a forest park were 
bisected bv spurs of railroad tracks. 

The children of Gen. Stephen Van Rens- 



selaer and Harriet Elizabeth Bayard were as 
follows : 

1. Elizabeth Bayard, born at Albany, Oc- 
tober 4, 1817; died July 7, 1819. 

2. Margaret Schuyler, born at Albany, May 
12, 1819; died at Albany, September 15, 1897; 
married, at Albany, April 12, 1837, John De- 
Peyster Douw (born in Albany, Dec. 16, 
1812; died in Poughkeepsie, Jan. 30, 1901), 
son of Johannes DePeyster Douw and Cath- 
erine Douw Gansevoort ; by whom : Henry 
Augustus (Douw), born at Albany, January 
21, 1840, died February 23, 1854; and Harriet 
Van Rensselaer (Douw), born at Albany, 
March 20, 1842; died at Albany, August 31, 
1862: married (second) Wilmot Johnson, of 
Catonsville, Maryland, April 24, 185 1, who 
died in New York City, September 9, 1899. 

3. Harriet Elizabeth, born at Albany. Alay 
30, 1821 ; died there, September 19, 1821. 

4. Cornelia Paterson, born at Albany, Janu- 
ary 24, 1823; died at Boston, Massachusetts, 
March 4, 1897; married, at Albany, June 10, 
1846, Nathaniel Thayer, of Boston, son of 
Nathaniel Thayer and Sarah Toppan, who 
was born at Lancaster, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember II, 1808, and died at Boston, March 
7, 1883; by whom: Stephen Van Rensselaer 
(Thayer), born at Boston, August 2, 1847, 
died there, October 10, 1871, married, Bos- 
ton, November 2, 1870, Alice Robeson ; Cor- 
nelia \'an Rensselaer (Thayer), born at Bos- 
ton, October 23, 1849, died at New York, New 
York, July 19, 1903, married, Boston, No- 
vember 24, 1868, Hon. James Hampden Robb 
(q. v.) ; Nathaniel (Thayer) born Boston, 
June 13, 1851, residing in Boston and New- 
port, Rhode Island, in 1910, married, Balti- 
more, Maryland, February i, 1881, Cornelia 
Street Barroll, who died February 18, 1885; 
married (second) Boston, June 11, 1887, Pau- 
line Revere; Harriet (Thayer), born at Bos- 
ton, February 16, 1853, died at Dublin, New 
Hampshire, September 16, 1891 ; married, 
Boston, October 11, 1883, John Forrester An- 
drew; Eugene Van Rensselaer (Thayer), born 
at Boston, December 27, 1855, died there, De- 
cember 20, 1907, married, Boston, December 
21, 1880, Susan Spring; John Eliot (Thayer), 
born at Boston, April 3, 1862, married, Clin- 
ton, Massachusetts, June 22. 1886, Evelyn 
Duncan Forbes ;' Bayard (Thayer), born at 
Boston. -April 3, 1862, married, Yarmouthport, 
Massachusetts, September i, 1896, Ruth Simp- 
kins. 

5. Stephen, born at Albany, June 12, 1824; 
died April 9, 1861 ; married Annie Wild, no 
issue. 

6. Catherine, born at Albany, July 24, 1827; 
died at Washington, D. C, November i, 1909; 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



23 



married, in the Manor House, Albany, 1856, 
Nathaniel Berry, son of Nathaniel Berry and 
Anna Beach, of Washington and Paris 
(born Sharon, Conn., July 4, 181 1; died, 
Paris, France, April 4, 1865), son of Nathan- 
iel Berry, by whom Katherine Van Rens- 
selaer (Berry), born at Paris, France, No- 
vember 2, 1857, died at Bar Harbor, Maine, 
September 14, 1907; Walter \'an Rensselaer 
(Berry) born at Paris, France, July 29, 1859, 
residing in Washington, D. C, in 1910; and 
Nathalie (Berry), born at Paris, July 15, 
1864, residing in Washington in 1910. 

7. Justine, born at Albany, September 18, 
1828; residing in New York city in 1910; 
married, in the Manor House at Albany, Feb- 
ruary 2, 1853, Howard Townsend, M.D., (son 
of Isaiah Townsend and Hannah Townsend) 
who was born at Albany, November 22, 1823, 
and died there January 16, 1867; by whom: 
Justine Xan Rensselaer (Townsend), born at 
Albany, December 5, 1853, died at Paris, 
France, April 22, 188 1, married at Albany, 
January 23, 1877, Lieut. Thomas Henry Bar- 
ber, U. S. A.; Helen Schuyler (Townsend), 
born at Albany, November 17, 1855, died 
there. May 27, 1858; Howard (Townsend), 
born at Albany, Aug. 23, 1858, attorney, prac- 
ticing in New York City in 1910; married, 
New York, New York, April 17. 1888, Sophie 
Witherspoon Dickey, who died at Saranac, 
New York, Jan. 29. 1892; married (second), 
New York, New York, October 20, 1894, 
Anne Lowndes Langdon ; Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer (Townsend), born at Albany, October 
20, i860; attorney; died at Hempstead, Long 
Island, January 15, 1901, married, at Grace 
Church Chantry, New York City, May 22, 
1888, Janet Eckford King; Harriet Bayard 
(Townsend), born at Albany, March 23, 1864, 
residing in New York City in 19 10, married, 
New York, New York, April 28, 1886, 
Thomas Henry Barber. 

8. William Bayard, born at Albany, 1830 ; 
died young. 

9. Bayard, born at Albany, September 8, 
1833; died at Pau, France, January 12, 1859; 
married at Albany, February i, 1854, Laura 
Reynolds, born at Albany, November 22, 1830, 
daughter of Marcus T. Reynolds and Eliza- 
beth Ann Dexter ; by whom : William Bay- 
ard, born at Albany, October 4, 1856, died at 
Albany, September 25, 1909, married, at Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, November 3, 1880, 
Louisa Greenough Lane ; and Howard, born 
at Albany, June 26, 1858, (see forward). 

10. Harriet, born in the Manor House, Al- 
bany, July 3, 1838; residing in Washington, 
D. C., in 1910; married, in the Manor House, 
Albany, June 20, 1863, Colonel John Schuyler 



Crosby (son of Clarkson Floyd Crosby and 
Angelica Schuyler), who was born at Quidor 
Knoll (Watervliet), Albany county, Septem- 
ber 19, 1839, and was residing in New York 
City in 19 10; by whom: Stephen \'an Rens- 
selaer (Crosby), born in the Manor House, 
Albany, May 14, 1868, married at Manches- 
ter, Massachusetts, September 18, 1895, Hen- 
rietta Grew; and Angelica Schuyler (Crosby), 
born at Albany, June 26, 1872, died at Port- 
land. Maine, July 25, 1907, married, at 
Charlestown, West Virginia, February 12, 
1903, John Brooks Henderson, Jr. 

II. Eugene, born at Albany, October 12, 
1840; residing at Berkeley Springs, West Vir- 
ginia, in 1910; married, at Baltimore, Mary- 
land, April 26, 1865, Sarah Pendleton (daugh- 
ter of Elisha Boyd Pendleton and Marie Lu- 
cinda Tutt), who was born at Martinsburgh, 
West \'irginia, December 11, 1846, and was 
residing at Berkeley Springs in 1910; by 
whom : Elizabeth Kennedy, born in the Manor 
House, Albany, May 31, 1866, married, at 
Washington, D. C, February 23, 1909, James 
Carroll Frazer; and Rev, Stephen, B. A., B. 
D., born in the Manor House. Albany, Janu- 
ary 17, 1869, married, at Lenox, Massachu- 
setts, October 10, 1900, Mary Thorn Carpen- 
ter, born March 18, 1861, died October 12, 
1902. 

(\TI) Bayard \'an Rensselaer, son of Gen- 
eral Stephen \'an Rensselaer and Harriet 
Elizabeth Bayard, was born at Albany, New 
York, September 8, 1833, and died at Pau, 
France, January 12, 1859. He was the third 
son and ninth child, but his eldest brother 
died without issue, and his next elder brother 
died in infancy before he was born, hence the 
family name of William Bayard, bestowed 
upon the infant, was carried down by bap- 
tizing him Bayard. By birth, culture and 
associations he was one of the leaders in the 
most brilliant social set in Albany, and be- 
longed to a number of clubs and organiza- 
tions, among them the Burgesses' Corps, then 
composed of the most prominent young men 
in the city. His health being far from ro- 
bust, he sought to improve it by a sea voyage 
in 1858 and a sojourn in the most invigorating 
climate of France. Unfortunately, the results 
were not as beneficial as expected, for he died 
in France. 

He married, at the bride's residence. No. 
25 No. Pearl street, Albany, Bishop Horatio 
Potter, of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, of- 
ficiating, February i, 1854, Laura Reynolds. 
She was born in Albany, November 22, 1830, 
and was residing in her home there. No. 98 
Columbia street, in 19 10, Her father was 
Marcus TuUius Reynolds, born at Minaville, 



24 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



Montgomery county. New York, December 
29, 1788, died at 25 No. Pearl street, Albany, 
July II, 1864, who married. May 6, 1823, at 
Albany, Elizabeth Ann Dexter, born Albany, 
March 24, 1797, died 7 Park Place, Albany, 
August 30, 1840. 

Children: i. William Bayard, born at Al- 
bany, October 4, 1856, died at Albany, Sep- 
tember 25. 1909, married, at Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 3, 1880, Louisa Green- 
ough Lane ; and Howard, bom at Albany, 
June 26, 1858, residing there in 19 10, (see 
forward). 

(Vin ) William Bayard Van Rensselaer, 
oldest son of Bayard Van Rensselaer and 
Laura Reynolds, was born in Albany, New 
York, October 4, 1856, and died in Albany, 
September 25, 1909. 

He was a direct lineal descendant of Kiliaen 
Van Rensselaer, of Amsterdam, Holland, and 
had not the laws of New York prohibited the 
entailing of property, he would have been the 
nth Patroon, and owner of the Rensselaers- 
wyck property. 

In early boyhood, after returning from 
Europe, where he had been taken by his par- 
ents, went for a while to the Albany Boys' 
Academy. A little later he was sent to a 
private boarding-school at Catskill, where he 
spent two years, or until 1869, when a boy 
of thirteen, he went to St. Paul's School at 
Concord, New Hampshire, where he remained 
for six years, entering Harvard as a freshman 
in 1875. He was a graduate of the class of 
1879 and then attended the Harvard Law 
School. At school, college and the Law 
School he was prominently identified with all 
the leading societies and clubs. After leaving 
the law school he entered the office of M. T. & 
L. G. Hun, in Albany, and was admitted to 
the bar in the fall of 1882, opening an office 
at No. 25 No. Pearl street. Active duties of 
a general counselor were to some extent set 
aside in 1881, by Mr. Van Rensselaer's ap- 
pointment as the one most suitable person to 
have full charge of the Van Rensselaer estate. 
His knowledge of tlie laws governing real es- 
tate and his conservative judgment were a 
guarantee of most capable management. In 
the fall of 1885, following his suggestion, the 
many heirs of the late General Stephen Van 
Rensselaer conveyed their interest in the Al- 
bany property to the Van Rensselaer Land 
Companji, and he was made treasurer, which 
office he continued to hold until his death. 

Mr. \'an Rensselaer became a director of 
the New York State National Bank in 1885, 
and was made its vice-president in 1900. He 
was elected a trustee of the Albany Savings 
Bank in 1883, vice-president in 1897. His 



grandfather, General Stephen Van Rensselaer, 
had been the first president of this bank when 
chartered, March 25, 1820. As chairman of 
the building committee he devoted untiring 
energy to the erection of the handsome, new 
edifice which was opened April 25, 1899. On 
August 15, 1900, about a month after the 
death of J. Howard King, he was elected the 
bank's president, and was its chief executive 
through a term of years the most successful 
in its long and remarkable history. 

In 1901 he was chosen chairman of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the Savings Banks As- 
sociation of the State of New York, and on 
May 12, 1904, was elected president of that 
body because of his widely recognized ability 
and conservatism. 

In 1893 he organized the Albany Terminal 
Warehouse Company, and a large building 
was erected on the Van Rensselaer property 
in the north part of the city, part of which 
was used as a bonded warehouse. He was a 
director of the Cohoes Company, incorporated 
in 1823, by his grandfather, which supplies 
all the factories of Cohoes, New York, with 
their water power. On organization of the 
Union Trust Company, he was made its vice- 
president, and he was also a trustee for nu- 
merous estates, giving close attention to their 
careful management. 

Among various appointments in rendering 
public service was his appointment by Gover- 
nor Morton on the Albany Bi-Centennial Cel- 
ebration Committee, and he was named by 
Governor Hughes one of the State's represen- 
tatives on the Hudson-Fulton Commission in 
1909. 

He was one of the organizers and charter 
members of the Fort Orange Club of Albany, 
a member of the Albany Country Club and 
of the Albany Institute and Historical and Art 
Society ; also a member of the Holland So- 
ciety, Reform Club and University Club of 
New York City. He was on the board of 
trustees of the New York State Normal Col- 
lege and of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, also one of the officers of the Albany 
Chamber of Commerce. 

In politics Mr. \'an Rensselaer was a Re- 
publican, but at times asserted his indepen- 
dence. Though repeatedly urged to accept, 
yet he never sought or held political ofifice. 
As a thoughtful man was, however, much in- 
terested in governmental affairs. To the ad- 
vancement of the Cathedral of All Saints, as 
one of the chapter, he gave his best endeavor, 
promoting the work of securing the new and 
handsome edifice. He traveled extensively, 
going abroad a number of summers, and in 
the winter season entertained with great fre- 




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Yam/^Zay/tmJxAzcr; 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



25 



quency at his home. No. 385 State street, all 
distinguished visitors coming to Albany, being 
met at his table. His house is furnished with 
many of the articles once belonging to his 
ancestors. 

Mr. \'an Rensselaer married, at Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. November 3, 1880, Louisa 
Greenough Lane. She was born at Cam- 
bridge, November 21, i860, and still lives, re- 
siding in Albany. Her father was Professor 
George Martin Lane, of Harvard University, 
born in Charleston. December 24. 1826. died 
in Cambridge, June 30, 1897, son of Martin 
Lane and Lucretia Swan. Her mother was 
Frances Eliza Gardiner, born at Shelter Isl- 
and, New York, July 31, 1828; died in Cam- 
bridge, August 31, 1876, daughter of Samuel 
G. Gardiner, and Mary Catherine L'Homme- 
dieu. 

(\'ni) Howard Van Rensselaer, ALD., son 
of Bayard \'an Rensselaer and Laura Rey- 
nolds, was born at No. 98 Columbia street, 
Albany, New York, June 26, 1858. 

Before he was a year old he was- taken 
abroad by his parents, returning in 1859, or^ 
the death of his father, when he was but 
nine months old. He was placed in the State 
Normal School at Albany to learn the ele- 
mentary branches, and later changed to the 
Albany Boys' Academy. Remaining there a 
short time, he was sent to Miss Gaylord's pri- 
vate boarding-school at Catskill, New York, 
noted for its excellent moral training. When 
twelve years old he entered St. Paul's School 
at Concord, New Hampshire, where he pur- 
sued his literary studies with especial diligence, 
and was made an editor of The Horae. While 
here he was an enthusiastic athlete. He es- 
tablished the one. and three-mile walking rec- 
ords, which still remain unbeaten. He was 
stroke oar on the successful crew ; was on the 
first eleven of the cricket club, and was presi- 
dent of the Athletic Association. At the age 
of eighteen he entered Yale, taking the Shef- 
field Scientific course preparatory to the study 
of medicine, and graduating in 188 1 with the 
degree of Ph.B. He was afso a student of the 
Yale Art School, took a literary prize, and was 
a member of the Berzelius Society, the oldest 
scientific society in this country. 

After his graduation from Yale, he imme- 
diately entered the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons in New York City, then under Drs. 
Clark, Sands and Dalton, graduating in 1884. 
During this period of three years he attended 
all the courses of lectures and read with avid- 
ity in every spare moment. He was made 
the interne at the Chambers Street Hospi- 
tal, where he gained practical knowledge of 
medical science. After that he passed the 



severe competitive examination which entitled 
him to the position so much to be desired by 
the aspiring student of medicine, of house 
physician at the New York Hospital, for a 
service of eighteen months. 

While still studying in New York, he enter- 
tained the idea of visiting Europe with a view 
of studying disease in its various forms and 
symptoms and the modes of treatment adopted 
by the celebrated physicians. He crossed to 
Germany in January, 1887, and visited all the 
great hospitals of Europe, excepting those of 
Spain, studying in the large ones in Berlin, 
Paris, \ienna, Munich, London and Edin- 
burgh. Two years were thus spent, and at 
intervals he made side trips as opportunity 
opened, seeing sights in the old world from 
the North Cape to Constantinople and 
Greece. He returned from abroad in Febru- 
ary, 1889, and opened an office in his native 
city. He was at once appointed visiting phy- 
sician to St. Peter's Hospital, and the dis- 
pensary of the Child's Hospital. In the fall 
of 1889 he was appointed instructor of ner- 
vous diseases and diseases of the chest at the- 
Albany Medical College of Union Univer- 
sity. In December, 1889, he was given the 
position of attending physician to the Hospi- 
tal for Incurables, and in January, 1890, was 
elected visiting physician to the Home of the 
Friendless. In June of the same year he 
was called to the position of lecturer on ma- 
teria medica at the Albany Medical College. 
In 1892 he was advanced to the position of 
associate professor of materia medica. In 
1894 he was elected full professor of materia 
medica and therapeutics, and associated pro- 
fessor of the practice of medicine, positions 
which he still holds. 

He is a member of the Medical Society of 
Albany County ; the New York State Medical 
Society ; and is vice-president of the American 
Therapeutic Society ; also, of the Fort Orange, 
Albany Country and Albany Camera Clubs, 
the Chamber of Commerce, and the Albany 
Institute and Historical and Art Society, and 
likewise of the Calumet Club of New York 
City. He was a prime mover in establishing 
the Country Club, and has been for many 
years its president. 

Dr. Van Rensselaer has written a number 
of notable scientific papers, which have been 
published and widely read. He was editor 
of the Albany Medical Annals for six years. 
He is a medical examiner of several promi- 
nent life insurance companies, and gives his 
services as the attending physician of four 
Albany hospitals and two charitable institu- 
tions. He has been for several years presi- 
dent of the Albany Boys' Club. 



26 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Besides his visits to Europe, he has traveled 
extensively on the American continent, tour- 
ing the Rocky Mountain and Yellowstone re- 
gions, Cuba, the Bahamas and Mexico. In 
1909 he labored assiduously to establish a Red 
Cross Hospital for Consumptives, and raised 
single-handed the fund which covered the 
erection of the original buildings, the large 
area of land for the site of which he con- 
tributed. It has grown to be one of the most 
appreciated institutions in the city, and as a 
department of the Albany Hospital, which it 
became, will endure as a valued testimonial 
to his efforts for his fellow-citizens. He holds 
the position of medical director for this in- 
stitution. 

(The Thayer Line). 

Nathaniel Thayer, banker, of Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, was born at Lancaster, Massachu- 
setts, September 11, 1808, and died at Bos- 
ton, March 7, 1883. He was the son of Nath- 
aniel Thayer, D.D., (Harvard, 1789), and 
Sarah Toppan. 

Nathaniel Thayer married, at Albany, New 
York, June 10, 1846, Cornelia Paterson Van 
Rensselaer, who was born in the Manor House 
fit Albany, January 24, 1823 ; died at Boston, 
Massachusetts, March 4, 1897, and was 
.daughter of Hon. Stephen Van Rensselaer and 
Harriet Elizabeth Bayard, who were married 
in New York City, January 2, 1817. 

I. Stephen Van Rensselaer Thayer, son of 
Nathaniel Thayer and Cornelia Paterson Van 
Rensselaer, was born at Boston, Massachu- 
setts, August 2, 1847, 'i"d died at Boston, Oc- 
tober 10, 1871. He married, at Boston, No- 
vember 2, 1870, Alice Robeson, who was born 
at Newport, Rhode Island, September 23, 
1849. and was daughter of Andrew Robeson 
and Mary Arnold Allen, of Providence, Rhode 
Island. 

Andrew Robeson was born at New Bed- 
ford, Massachusetts, October 14, 181 1; mar- 
ried, at Providence, Rhode Island, March 2, 
1843 ; died at Tiverton, Rhode Island, July 

23, 1874, and was son of Andrew Robeson 
and Anna Rodman. Mary Arnold Allen was 
born at Providence, Rhode Island, September 

.9, 1819; died at Islcborough, Maine, July 25, 
1903, and was daughter of Zachariah Allen 
and Eliza Harriet Arnold. 

To Stephen Van Rensselaer Thayer and 
Alice Robeson was born, at Tiverton, Rhode 
Island, July 15, 1871, Stephen Van Rensselaer 
Thayer, Jr., who died at \'ichy, France, June 

24, 1907. He married, at Niagara Falls, New 
York, June 5, 1895, Julia Mathews Porter, 
who was born at Niagara Falls, March 6, 187 1 
and was daughter of Augustus Porter and 
Julia Granger Jeffries. Children: Alice, bom 



at Paris, France, June 11, 1896; Julia, born 
at Boston, Massachusetts, December i, 1899; 
Mary Allen, born at Boston, June 7, 1901. 

2. Cornelia \'an Rensselaer Thayer, daugh- 
ter of Nathaniel Thayer and Cornelia Pater- 
son \"an Rensselaer, was born in Boston, Alas- 
sachusetts, October 23, 1849, 3"d ^^^^^ ^t her 
home. No. 23 Park avenue, New York City, 
July 19, 1903. She was a woman of most 
estimable qualities. She married, at Boston, 
Massachusetts, November 24, 1868, Hon. 
James Hampden Robb. 

Mr. Robb was born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, October 27, 1846. His father was 
James Robb, born in Brownsville, Pennsyl- 
vania, April 2, 1814; died at Hampden place, 
near Cincinnati, Ohio, July 30, 1881, who 
married June 14, 1836. Louisa W'erninger, 
born at ]\Iorgantown, Mrginia, IMay 15, 1808, 
died at New Orleans, October 13, 1855. She 
was the daughter of Augustus Werninger (or 
Weningerode) and Charlotte Matilda Van 
Swearingen, the latter a direct descendant of 
Garritt Van Swearingen, the Dutch Represen- 
tative and Pieter Stuyvesant's lieutenant for 
the Dutch Colony on the Delaware river. 

Mr. Robb received his education at a school 
in Europe, and afterwards at Mr. Churchill's 
well-known military school at Sing Sing, New 
York ; later at Harvard University. After 
leaving Cambridge he was associated in busi- 
ness in New York City with his father and 
the late Edward King. He has always been 
a Democrat, and as such was elected a mem- 
ber of assembly in 1882 from his New York 
district. He also served as state senator in 
1884 and 1885. He was a delegate to the 
Democratic national convention held in St. 
Louis in 1888. He was appointed a park com- 
missioner for New York City, and was presi- 
dent of the Park Board, serving from 1887- 
1890. He was also a commissioner on the 
first State Board of Commissioners of the Ni- 
agara State Reservation, and its first secre- 
tary and treasurer. He had served in the Na- 
tional Guard of New York State, and was 
adjutant-general of the First Brigade. In 
1887 President Cleveland offered him the of- 
fice of assistant secretary of state ; but he was 
obliged to decline the appointment, owing to 
other engagements. His city residence was at 
No. 23 Park avenue, and his country home 
was located at Southampton, Long Island. He 
died in New York, N. Y., January 21, 191 1. 

Children: (a) Nathaniel Thayer Robb, 
born in New York, New York, July 5, 1870; 
married, New York, November 26, 1895, 
Frances Beatrix Henderson, born in New 
York City, October 18, 1875, daughter of 
Charles R. Henderson and Jennie North ; by 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



27 



whom, born in New York City : Janet Hen- 
derson, September 7, 1896; James Hampden, 
December 22, 1898 ; Cornelia Van Rensselaer, 
March 5, 1904. (b) Cornelia Van Rensselaer, 
born in Lancaster, Massachusetts, September 
II, 1874. (c) Louisa, born in New York 
City, January 5, 1877; married, New York 
City, April 8, 1896, Goodhue Livingston, 
architect, born in New York City, February 
23, 1867, son of Robert Livingston and Susan 
De Peyster ; by whom : Goodhue, Jr., born in 
New York City, March 30, 1897; Cornelia 
Thayer, born in New York City, November 
20, 1903. (d) Harriet Bayard, born in Lan- 
caster, Massachusetts, August 22, 1822, died 
in New York, N. Y., December 27, 1910. 

3. Nathaniel Thayer, Jr., son of Nathaniel 
Thayer and Cornelia Patterson Van Rensse- 
laer, was born at Boston, Massachusetts, June 
13, 1851. He was a banker of Boston, resid- 
ing in 1910 at Lancaster, Massachusetts, and 
with a summer home at Newport, Rhode 
Island. 

He married (first), at Baltimore, Maryland, 
February i, 1881, Cornelia Street Barroll, 
who died at Boston, February 18, 1885, 
daughter of Benjamin C. Barroll and Sarah 
Street. He married (second), at Boston, 
June II, 1887, Pauline Revere, who was born 
at Quincy, Massachusetts. February 19, 1862, 
and was daughter of Paul Joseph Revere and 
Lucretia W. Lunt. Children: (a) Cornelia 
Van Rensselaer (Thayer), born at Boston, 
December 6, 1881 ; married, Lancaster, Mas- 
sachusetts, July 29, 1907, Count Carl Moltke ; 
by whom : Carl Adam Nathaniel, born at Co- 
penhagen, Denmark, September 13. 1908. (b) 
Anna Morton (Thayer), born at Boston, ;\Iay 
29, 1883: married at Lancaster, Massachu- 
setts, June, 1904, William S. Patten, son of 
Joseph H. Patten and Elizabeth G. Boit ; by 
whom : Anna Tha,yer, born at Wellesley, 
March 29, 1905 ; Jane Hunnewell, born there. 
May 8, 1906; William S., Jr., born there, 
Nov. 29. 1909. (c) Sarah Barroll (Thayer), 
bom at Boston, February 18, 1885. 

4. Harriet Thayer, daughter of Nathaniel 
Thayer and Cornelia Paterson Van Rensse- 
laer, was born at Boston, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 6. 1853, and died at Dublin, New 
Hampshire, September 16, 1891. 

She married, at Boston, October 11, 1883, 
John Forrester Andrew, born at Hingham, 
Massachusetts, November 26, 1850, died at 
Boston, May 30, 1895, son of John Albion 
Andrew and Eliza J. Hersey. Children: (a) 
Cornelia Thayer, born at Boston, Massachu- 
setts, November 19, 1884; married, at Bos- 
ton, April 5, 1904, John Dudley Clark ; by 
whom. John Dudley, born at Boston, Decem- 



ber 30, 1904; Forrester Andrew, born at Bos- 
ton. February 20, 1906; CorneHa Andrew, 
born at Sherborn, Alassachusetts, April 11, 
1907; George Oliver, born at Boston, March 
15, 1909; Nathaniel Thayer, born at Boston, 
December 8, 1910. (b) Elizabeth Thayer, 
born at Boston, Massachusetts, April 9, 1886; 
married, at Hingham, Massachusetts, July 15, 
1905. Charles Ellis Mason; by whom: Har- 
riet, born at Hingham, May 26, 1907 ; Charles 
Ellis, born at Boston. October 5. 1908. 

5. Eugene \'an Rensselaer Thayer, son of 
Nathaniel Thayer .and Cornelia Paterson \"an 
Rensselaer, was born at Boston, Alassachu- 
setts. December 27, 1855. and died at Boston, 
December 20, 1907. 

He married at Boston, December 21, 1880, 
Susan Spring, born at Lexington, Massachu- 
setts. August 29, 1854. daughter of Isaac 
Hastings Spring and Susan M. Phinney. 
Children: (a) Eugene Van Rensselaer 
(Thayer) Jr., born at Boston, Massachusetts, 
September 27, 1881 ; married, Newport. Rhode 
Island, September 3, 1903. Gladys Brooks, 
born at New York, New York, February i, 
1882, daughter of Mortimer Brooks and Jose- 
phine Higgins, of New York City, (b) Kath- 
arine Spring (Thayer), born at Boston, 
Mass., November 2, 1882: married, at Lancas- 
ter, Massachusetts, June i, 1904, Howland 
Russell, born at Milton, Massachusetts. Janu- 
ary 27, 1872, son of Henry Sturgis Russell 
and Mary Forbes ; by whom : Henry Sturgis 
Russell, born at Hyde Park, Massachusetts, 
February 24, 1905. (c) Susan (Thayer), born 
at Boston, Massachusetts, October i, 1885. 
(d) Rosamond (Thayer), born at Boston, 
Massachusetts, January 8, 1891 ; died Novem- 
ber 25, 1891. 

6. John Eliot Thayer, son of Nathanial 
Thayer and Cornelia Paterson Van Rensse- 
laer, was bom at Boston, Massachusetts, April 
3, 1862: ornithologist; residing in Lancaster, 
Massachusetts, in 1910. 

He married, at Clinton, Massachusetts, 
June 22, 1886, Evelyn Duncan Forbes, born 
at Clinton, Massachusetts. September 22, 1862, 
daughter of Franklin Forbes and Martha 
Anne Stearns Gushing. Children: (a) John 
Eliot Thayer, Jr., bom August 19, 1887; (b) 
Evelyn Thayer, born August i, 1888; (c) 
Nora Forbes Thayer, born September 6, 1889; 
(d) Natalie Thayer, born May 24, 1894; (e) 
Dimcan Forbes Thayer, born February 14, 
1900. The first three were born in Lancaster, 
Massachusetts ; the last in Boston, Massachu- 
setts. 

7. Bayard Thayer, son of Nathaniel Thayer 
and Cornelia Paterson Van Rensselaer, was 
born at Boston, Massachusetts, April 3, 1862 ; 



28 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



residing in Lancaster, Massachusetts, in 1910. 
He married, at Yarmouthport, Massachu- 
setts, September i, 1896, Ruth Simpkins, born 
at Brooklyn, New York, November 19, 1864, 
daughter of John Simpkins and Ruth Barker 
Sears. Children: (a) Ruth Thayer, born at 
Yarmouthport. Massachusetts, September 28, 
1897; (b) Nathaniel Thayer (2), born No- 
vember 14, 1898; (c) Constance Van Rens- 
selaer Thayer, born, December 20, 1900; (d) 
Mabel Bayard Thayer, born April 6, 1908. 
The three last named were born in Boston, 
Massachusetts. 

CUYLER REYNOLDS. 



The family name of Schuy- 
SCHUYLER ler was originally "van 
Schuyler,"' when coming to 
this country, and by it was meant one resid- 
ing in a place of shelter, from the Dutch 
"schuiler," a hider ; or "schuil," a shelter ; and 
possibly also from the German word "schu- 
ler," a scholar, the intention being to signify 
a family of education, or scholarly. The pro- 
genitor of the family in America commonly 
wrote his name "Philip Pieterse," excepting 
when he signed contracts, deeds, or other im- 
portant documents, when he added "Schuij- 
ler," which could also be expressed by writing 
it "Schuyler" by placing the two small marks 
over the letter "y." After the year 1667 he 
usually wrote his name in full ; but after 1672 
he had dropped the name "Pieterse," signify- 
ing that Peter was his father as one might 
now drop the "Junior" after the death of a 
father, and he signed his will "Philip Schuij- 
ler." In the early family records he wrote the 
names of seven of his children with the pre- 
fix "van." Thus one traces the transition, 
with its definite reasons, to the present form. 
The Schuyler Arms : Shield : Argent, a sin- 
ister cubit arm, vested azure, cuffed or, hold- 
ing on the hand a falcon proper, beaked and 
mcmbered of the third, hooded gules. Crest : 
A falcon as in shield. Motto: Semper fidelis. 
Two brothers of the name of Schuyler, 
David and Philip, were among the earliest 
settlers of I'everswyck who came to this coun- 
try from Holland, and it is from them all of 
the name in America have proceeded, which 
for the first century and a half after their 
arrival was distinctively an Albany name. Un- 
fortunately, by the year 1900 it became ex- 
tinct in that city but was still held in highest 
respect in memory. There were many of 
them who attained high distinction, especially 
in military valor, in governmental affairs, and 
as owners of very large estates. Five of the 
name were mayors in Albany, and hardly a 
more illustrious naine appears in American 



history than that of General Philip Schuyler, 
of the Revolution. 

(T) Colonel Philip Pieterse Schuyler was 
the son of Pieter Schuyler, of Amsterdam, 
Holland. He was the better known of the 
two brothers who settled in New Netherland,. 
and is recognized as the head of the family 
in America, or progenitor of the Schuyler 
family. 

He purchased the property four miles north 
of Albany, on the public highway to Saratoga,, 
which has been the home of the Schuyler fam- 
ily to this day. The original house on this- 
bouwerie was the residence of Arent Van Cur- 
ler, a cousin of the first Patroon, Kiliaen Van 
Rensselaer, who came with the colonists to 
Rensselaerswyck in 1630. He had married 
in 1643, and on his return from his- 
bridal journey to Holland settled on his farm,, 
known as The Flatts, even as at present it is 
styled. After him it was owned by Richard 
Van Rensselaer, a son of the Patroon, who 
relinquished it when he returned to live in 
Holland. The entry in the account-book of 
the \'an Rensselaer estate reads: "Debit: 
Philip Schuyler, for the Bouwery called de 
\'Iachte (The Flatts) and the Island, sold tO' 
him for 700 beavers and 1,600 florins Holland 
money, together 8,000 florins. Contra : Credit, 
a bill of Exchange drawn on Jan Baptist Van 
Rensselaer, calculated at 2,400 florins ; 650 
whole Beavers ; 5,200 do. ; 50 do. ; 400 do. ; 
total 8,000 florins." The county clerk's rec- 
ords show : "Jeremias Van Rensselaer in his 
life time That is to say on the two and twen- 
tieth day of June in the year of our Lord 
Christ one thousand six hundred seventy, and 
two for an in consideration of the sum of five 
thousand Holland guilders to him in hand paid 
did grant Bargain and sell unto the said Philip 
Schuyler his heirs and assigns for ever all 
that farm Tract and parcell of Land com- 
monly called The Flatts as also one Island 
over against said flatts commonly called the 
great Island of the flatts situate on the west 
side of Hudson river in the Colony of Rens- 
selaerswyck in the like manner as the said 
farm heretofore has been occupied and en- 
joyed by Mr. Richard van Rensselaer." 

Philip's son, Colonel Pieter Schuyler, in- 
herited The Flatts. and he lived there twelve 
years, when he leased it to his son Philip, 
who inherited it in turn; but, having no chil- 
dren, by his will, dated June 28, 1748, he gave 
the "Great Island" to his brother Jeremy, and 
to his brother Pieter he left The Flatts. In 
the latter's will, drawn April 27. 1771, he 
left it to his grandson, Stephen Schuyler, and 
in 19 10 it was occupied by the widow of Rich- 
ard Philip Schuyler (Susan Drake), because 



HUDSON AND .MOHAWK VALLEYS 



29 



lie was ifhe son of Stephen R. Schuyler and 
Catherine Elizabeth Schuyler, who was the 
son of Peter S. Schuyler and Catherine 
Cuyler, who was in turn the son of 
Stephen Schuyler and Engeltie Van 
Vechten, whose parents were Pieter Schuyler, 
Jun., and Catherine Groesbeck, and his father 
was I\Iayor Pieter Schuyler. In 19 10, in the 
hallway of The Flatts, hangs the old oil por- 
■.trait of "Quidor," the Indian name for Pieter 
Schuyler, meaning the "Indians' Friend," and 
in the brick mansion standing on the brow of 
the hill, west of the Troy road, hangs the 
seven-foot oil portrait of Pieter Schuyler, first 
mayor of Albany, painted in England in 17 10, 
by order of Queen Anne, and now owned by 
the children of John Cuyler Schuyler, uncle 
of the late Richard P. Schuyler. 

It is interesting to learn a few facts about 
this old mansion, as described by Mrs. Grant 
more than a century ago in her famous "Me- 
moirs of an American Lady." wherein she 
■writes : 

"It was a large brick house of two, or rather 
three stories (for there were excellent attics), be- 
sides a sunk story, finished with exactest neatness. 
The lower floor had two spacious rooms, with large, 
light closets ; on the first there were three rooms, 
and in the upper one four. Through the middle of 
the house was a wide passage, with opposite front 
and back doors, which in summer admitted a stream 
■of air peculiarly grateful to the languid senses. It 
was furnished with chairs and pictures like a sum- 
mer parlor. Here the family usually sat in hot 
weather, when there were no ceremonious strangers. 
* * * One room, 1 should have said, in the great- 
er house only, was opened for the reception of com- 
pany; all the rest were bedchambers for their accom- 
modation, while the domestic friends of the family 
occupied neat little bedrooms in the attics or the 
winter-house. This house contained no drawing- 
room — that was an unheard-of luxury ; the winter 
rooms had carpets ; the lobby had oilcloth painted in 
lozenges, to imitate blue and white marble. The best 
bedroom was hung with family portraits, some of 
which were admirably executed ; and in the eating- 
room, which, by the by, was rarely used for that 
purpose, were some Scriptural paintings. * * * The 
house fronted the river, on the brink of which, un- 
der shades of elm and sycamore, ran the great road 
toward Saratoga. Stillwater, and the northern lakes ; 
a little simple avenue of morella cherry trees, en- 
closed with a white rail, led to the road and river, 
not three hundred yards distant." 

The place tuay be reached by taking a drive 
four miles to the north of Albany, or about 
■one mile beyond tbe Rural Cemetery, then 
turning abruptly to the east, crossing the 
canal by the "Schuyler's Bridge," and con- 
tinuing a fourth of a mile towards the Hud- 
son. The road passes between rows of elms 
evidently a century old, and the low, brick 
house stands to the right, facing the river, 
while across the road is the old family burial- 
•ground, coiitaming some sixty graves, whose 



rows of invariable brown sandstone, some tot- 
tering to the right or left, look weirdly like 
a decrepit army, for thus have they stood 
during two centuries, bearing testimony in 
verse to the exalted memory of many a soldier 
Schuyler. 

This head of the Schuyler line was a man 
much esteemed by his acquaintances and by 
representatives of the Dutch governiuent. He 
was the first man in the colony to receive 
the commission of captain. He died at The 
Flatts, May 9, 1683, and was buried in the 
old Dutch church which then stood at the 
intersection of Broadway and State street, 
Albany. 

Philip Pieterse Schuyler luarried, at Rens- 
selaerswyck, December 12, 1650, Margarita 
Van Slechtenhorst, in the presence of the of- 
ficers of Fort Orange, Antoni de Hooges, sec- 
retary of the colony, officiating. She was 
born at Nykerck, Holland, in 1628 ; died at 
Rensselaerswyck in 171 1, and was the 
daughter of Brant Arentse Van Slechtenhorst, 
who came to Rensselaerswyck in 1648, acting 
as an official for \'an Rensselaer. Children : 

I. Gysbert, born at Rensselaerswyck, July 
2, 1652 ; died young. 

(2) Geertruj, born at Rensselaerswyck, 
February 4, 1654; died about 17 19; married, 
Rensselaerswyck, September 10. 1671, Ste- 
phanus \'an Cortlandt, who was born May 7, 
1643, <^'i^d November 25, 1700, and was the 
son of Olof Stevense \'an Cortlandt and An- 
neke Loockermans. 

3. Alida. born at Rensselaerswyck, Febru- 
ary 28, 1656; married (first) Rensselaers- 
wyck, February 10, 1675, R^v. Nicholaas \^an 
Rensselaer, who was born in Amsterdam, Hol- 
land, in 1636, died November, 1678, and was 
the son of first Patroon Kiliaen Van Rensse- 
laer and Anna Van Wely ; married (second) 
July 9, 1679, Robert Livingston, (q. v.), sec- 
retary of Albany from 1675 to 1721, who 
was born abroad and was buried in the Dutch 
church at Albany, April 21, 1725. 

4. Pieter, born at Rensselaerswyck, Septem- 
ber 17, 1657; first mayor of Albany, officia- 
ting from date of the charter. July 22, 1686, 
to October 13, 1694 ; died at Rensselaerswyck, 
February 19, 1724; married (first) Rensse- 
laerswyck. in 1681, Engeltie (Angelica) \'an 
Schaick, who was born at Rensselaerswyck, in 
1659, died there, in 1689, daughter of Captain 
Goosen Gerritse Van Schaick and Annatje 
Lievens ; by whom : Margarita, born Novem- 
ber, 1682, married, .-Xugust 26, 1697. Robert 
Livingston, Jun.; Philip, baptized October, 
1684, died young: .Anna, baptized September 
12, 1686, died aged twelve years; Gertrude, 
baptized August 17, i68g, died young; he mar- 



30 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



ried (second) Rensselaerswyck, September 14, 
1691, Maria \'an Rensselaer, born at Rens- 
selaerswyck, October 25. 1672, daughter of 
Colonel Jeremias \'an Rensselaer, the third 
Patroon, and Maria Van Cortlandt ; by whom : 
Maria, baptized May, 1692; Gertrude, baptized 
February 11, 1694, married, June 13, 1714, 
Johannes Lansing; Philip, baptized January 
15, 1696, died in 1758, without issue, mar- 
ried, December 29, 1720, Margarita Schuyler; 
Pieter, Jr., baptized January 12, 1698, mar- 
ried December 29, 1722, Catherine Groesbeck ; 
Jeremiah (twin), baptized January 12, 1698, 
buried at The Flatts, December 10, 1753, 

married Susanna . 

3. Brandt, born at Rensselaerswyck, De- 
cember 18, 1659 ; resided on Broad street, 
New York, in 1686; died August 15, 1752; 
married, July 12, 1682, Cornelia Van Cort- 
landt, baptized November 28, 1655, daughter 
of Olof Stevense Van Cortlandt and Anneke 
Loockermans, by whom : Philip, baptized No- 
vember 6, 1683, married August 28, 1713, 
Ann Elizabeth Staats, who was baptized De- 
cember 21, 1690; Olof, born December 12. 
1686, died without issue ; John, baptized Janu- 
ary 15, 1690, died without issue. 

6. Arent, born at Rensselaerswyck, June 25, 
1662, died at Belleville, New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 26. 1730, was a trader; created freeman 
of New York City in 1695 ; settled before 1725 
on the Passaic river, near Belleville, New Jer- 
sey ; married (first) November 26, 1684, Jen- 
neke Teller, who died in 1700, daughter of 
Willem Teller (who arrived in Fort Orange 
in 1639) and Margaret Donchesen ; by whom: 
Margareta, baptized Albany, September 27, 
1685, married (license) November 7, 1704, 
Charles Oliver ; Philip, baptized Albany, Sep- 
tember II, 1687, married Hester Kingsland ; 
Maria, baptized Albany, October 6, 1689, 
died young: Judik, baptized Albany, March 
II, 1692, died young: Casparus. baptized New 
York, May 5, 1695, died April 13, 1754, mar- 
ried Jane , (second) Mary ; 

William, baptized June 2, 1700, died young. 
Arent Schuyler married (second) January 2, 
1703, Swantje \'an Duyckhuysen ; by whom: 
John, married Anne \'an Rensselaer ; Pieter, 
married (first) Hester Walter, (second) 

Mary ; Adoniah, born 17 17, died 1763, 

married Gertrude Van Rensselaer ; Eve, mar- 
ried Peter Bayard ; Cornelia, married Pierre 
De Peyster. 

7. Sybilla, born at Rensselaerswyck, No- 
vember 12, 1664; died December, 1664. 

8. Philip, born at Rensselaerswyck, Febru- 
ary 8, 1666; died May 24, 1724; married 
(first) New York, New York, July 25, 1687, 
Elizabeth De Meyer, who died, and he mar- 



ried (second) Albany, Alay 19, 1719, (Mrs.) 
Catherine Schierph, widow of Ritsiert Brou- 
wer. By his first wife he had: Nicholas, born 
in New York, New York, .September 11, 1691, 
died July 3, 1748; married (first) December 
2, 1714, Elsie Wendell, who died April 8, 
1744; married (second) Mary Stephenson, 
who survived him. By his second wife Philip 
had no child. 

9. Johannes, born at Rensselaerswyck, April 
5, 1668 ; died February 27, 1747 ; married, 
in 1695, Elizabeth Staats, widow of Johannes 
Wendell, who died June 3, 1737, (see for- 
ward ) . 

10. Margaret, born at Rensselaerswyck, 
January 2, 1672; died May 15, 17 ;8: mar- 
ried (first) September 8, 1691, Jacobus Ver 
Planck, son of Isaac Ver Planck and Abigail 
Uytenbogart, who died in 1700; married (sec- 
ond) November 2, 1701, Lieut. John Collins, 
who died April 13, 1728, his wife surviving. 
By her first husband: Jannetje, baptized Al- 
bany, April 13, 1693, and Philip, baptized in 
New York, June 3, 1695. By her second hus- 
band: Edward, baptized July 30, 1704. mar- 
ried Margarita Bleecker, and was buried in 
the Dutch Church, March 29, 1753. 

(H) Johannes Schuyler, tenth mayor of 
Albany, son of Philip Pieterse Schuyler and 
Margarita Van Slechtenhorst, was born at 
The Flatts, Rensselaerswyck, April 5. 1668, 
died July 25, 1747. and was buried in the 
Dutch Church at Albany. 

He was only five years old when his father 
died, and at an early age developed great in- 
terest in public affairs. In 1689. when twenty- 
one, he joined the convention which assumed 
the government of Albany and its dependen- 
cies in opposition to Leisler. The next year he 
was a volunteer in General Winthrop's army 
for the invasion of Canada. When the others 
of greater age and experience than he held 
back, he volunteered to lead a company into 
the enemy's country, and he was commissioned 
a captain in 1690. Twenty-nine whites and 
one hundred and twenty Indians volunteered 
to go under his lead. He left camp August 
13, 1690, going by way of Wood Creek, and 
two days later was within three miles of 
Crown Point. Marching across the country 
in the direction of La Praric, he made a num- 
ber of prisoners, and arrived back at Albany 
on August 30th. 

In the spring of 1691 he made another in- 
vasion into Canada, and in January, 1693, 
having been appointed lieutenant of cavalry, 
he drove the French from the Mohawk coun- 
try when on their raids. A gratuity was 
voted to him on the suggestion of Lord Hello- 
mont "in consideration of his extraordinary 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



31 



diligence and his wise observations while in 
Canada." Later he was made a colonel, and 
because of having greater influence with the 
Indians than any other man in the colony, he 
was invariably a delegate to conventions for 
consideration of treaties. 

He was appointed the tenth mayor of Al- 
bany by Colonial Governor Edward Hyde, 
serving from 1703 to 1706. He was Indian 
commissioner, 1705-1723; member of colonial 
assembly, September i, 1710 to March 3, 1713; 
alderman of First Ward, 1738 and 1739. He 
was a trader, dealing largely in beaver and 
other skins, and engaged extensively in river 
transportation by sloops. His land transac- 
tions were considerable. He bought 2.000 
acres on the south side of the Mohawk, east 
of Schenectady, named Rosendale ; was one 
of the company procuring a land patent in 
the Schoharie valley, named Huntersfield ; 
owned half of a tract of 2,000 acres on the 
east side of the Hudson, and in 1702 made 
his important purchase from .'\braham Wen- 
dell of a portion of the vast Saratoga patent. 
Fish creek, the outlet of Saratoga lake flow- 
ing eastward for twelve miles into the Hud- 
son river and forming the northern boundary 
of his tract, aiiforded fine waterpower for the 
mills which he erected in the vicinity of 
Schuylerville, while on the southern bank, 
close to the falls and not much more than a 
quarter mile from the river, he built his resi- 
dence, which was to be transmitted from 
father to son, until possessed by his grandson, 
General Philip Schuyler, who turned it over 
to his son. His house in Albany, in 1712, 
was at (the southeast corner of State and 
Pearl streets, with grounds running back to 
the Rutten kill. 

Captain Johannes Schuyler, the tenth 
mayor, married at Albany, April 25, 1694, 
Elizabeth .Staats, widow of Captain Johannes 
Wendell. Elizabeth Staats was the daughter 
of Dr. Abraham Staats, who came to Bevers- 
wyck in 1642 with Dominie Megapolensis, and 
she died June 3, and was buried in the Dutch 
Church, June 5, 1737. Her mother was Ca- 
trina Jochemse Wesselse. Children : 

1. Philip, baptized at Albany, December 25, 
1695 : shot by the French marauders while in 
his house at Schuylerville, and died November 

17. 1745- 

2. Johannes, baptized at Albany, October 
31, 1697: buried at The Flatts, November 6, 
1741 ; married in New York City, October 18, 
1723, Cornelia Van Cortlandt, daughter of 
Stephanus van Cortlandt and Gertrude 
Schuyler, (see forward). 

3. Margarita, (known as "The American 
Lady," see Mrs. Grant's "Memoirs,") bap- 



tized at Albany, January 12, 1701 : died at 
The Flatts, August 28, 1782; married, .Albany, 
December 29, 1720, Philip Schuyler, who was 
baptized at .Albany, January 15, 1696, died in 
1758, and was the son of Maj'or Pieter Schuy- 
ler and Maria Van Rensselaer ; no issue. 

4. Catalyntje (Catherine), baptized at .Al- 
bany, March 5, 1704: hiarried at Albany. De- 
cember 9, 1726, the twentieth ma\-or of Al- 
bany, Cornells Cuyler, who was baptized in 
New York, New York, February 14, 
1697; died at Albany, March 14, 1765; 
officiating as mayor from October 14, 1742, 
to September 28, 1746, and was the son of 
the fourteenth mayor of Albany, Johannes 
Cuyler and Elsie Ten Broeck ; by whom : Jo- 
hannes, baptized January 29, 1729; Elizabeth, 
baptized August 8, 1731 ; Philip, ijaptized Au- 
gust 29, 1733 ; Hendrick, baptized August 22, 
1735 ; Elsie, baptized April 10, 1737, buried 
in Dutch Church, July 2, 1752 ; Margarita, 
baptized December 10, 1738 ; Cornelis, born 
October 31, 1740: Colonel Abraham Cornelis, 
twenty-si.xth mayor of Albany, born .April 11, 
1742, died at Yorkfield, Canada, February 
5, 1810; Dirck, baptized May 12, 1745. 

(Ill) Johannes Schuyler, Jun., nineteenth 
mayor of .Albany, son of Johannes Schuyler 
and Elizabeth Staats, was born at The Flatts, 
in Watervliet, Albany county ; was baptized 
at Albany. October 31, 1697, and was interred 
in the family burial-ground at The Flatts, No- 
vember 6, 1 74 1. 

He died in the prime of life, when his ac- 
complishments indicated that he was abun- 
dantly able to continue a career of great pub- 
lic usefulness. He succeeded his father in the 
mercantile business about 1733, and that year 
was appointed, with Johannes De Peyster, a 
commissioner to furnish supplies to the forts 
at Oswego. He was elected alderman of the 
First Ward in 1738 and again in 1739. In 
December of the latter year he took a seat in 
the Board for Indian AiTairs. He was ap- 
pointed nineteenth mayor of Albany by Lieu- 
tenant-Governor George Clarke, and took the 
oath October 31, 1740, serving until Novem- 
ber 22, 1 74 1. He began to invest in land so 
soon as he had acquired surjjlus capital. In 
December, 1722, he bought of Philip Living- 
ston, trustee, a portion of the Saratoga Patent, 
lying on the east side of the Hudson river 
and bounded on the north by the Batten kill. 
On August 10. 1738. the land commissioners 
issued to him, Jacob Glen and Arent Bradt, a 
certificate of survey for a tract which they 
had purchased by license of the Indians, sit- 
uated on the north side of the Mohawk river, 
beginning below Little Falls, extending west 
to Canada creek, thence northerly along that 



32 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



creek for thirty miles, thence easterly twelve 
miles, and to the place of beginning. In 1740 
he and five others procured a title from the 
Province for 12.000 acres lying on the east 
side of the Hudson river above the Saratoga 
Patent, of which he had an equal share. 

Mavor Johannes Schuyler, Jun., married, in 
New York City, October 18, 1723, Cornelia 
Van Cortlandt. She was born at Van Cort- 
landt Manor. February 30, 1698; her will 
proved November 24, 1762; she was the 
youngest daughter of Stephanus Van Cort- 
landt and Gertrude Schuyler. Children: 

1. Gertrude, born at Albany, August 18, 
1724: married (first) Pieter Schuyler (bap- 
tized February 20, 1723 ; buried at The Flatts, 
September 2, 1753), son of Pieter Schuyler 
and Catherine Groesbeck ; by whom: Pieter, 
who married Gertrude Lansing. January 17, 
1767, died January 4, 1792, and Cornelia, bap- 
tized July "26, 1746, married Walter Living- 
ston. Gertrude Schuyler married (second) 
December 4. 1760, Dr. John Cochran, who 
died April. 1807. 

2. Johannes, bom at Albany, December 30, 
1725 : died without issue, and was buried in 
the Dutch Church, November 7, 1746. 

3. Stephanus, born at Albany, September 
30, 1727 ; died young. 

4. Catherine, baptized at Albany, July 14, 
1728; died young. 

5. Stephanus, born at Albany. December 20, 
1729 ; died young. 

6. Philip, baptized at Albany, October 17, 
1731 ; died young. 

7. General Philip, born at Albany, Novem- 
ber 22, 1733; died in the Schuyler Mansion, 
Albany, November 18, 1804; married, at Cla- 
verack, Columbia county, New York. Septem- 
ber 17, 1755. Catherine Van Rensselaer, (see 
forward). 

8. Cortlandt, baptized at Albany, July 9, 

1735; married Barbara ■ , and had John 

Cortlandt, who married Angelica \'an Rens- 
selaer, and died without issue, December, 
1793. 

9. Stephanus, baptized at Albany, August 
14. 1737; died young. 

10. Elizabeth, baptized at Albany, October 
8, 1738; died young. 

11. Oliver, baptized at .Mbany, February 22, 
1741 : died young. 

(I\') General Philip Schuyler, son of 
IVIayor Johannes Schuyler, Jun., and Cornelia 
Van Cortlandt, was born in his father's house 
on the southeast corner of State and Pearl 
streets, Albany. New York. November 22, 
1733, and died in the Schuyler Mansion, Al- 
bany, November 18, 1804. 

Philip Schuyler had only Dutch blood in 



his veins. There was absolutely no line of de- 
scent in America at that time of which any- 
one could be more justly proud. Both his 
father and grandfather had been mayors of 
Albany. His grandfather's brother, Pieter 
Schuyler, had been appointed the first mayor 
of the city, and two of that dignitary's cous- 
ins. David Davidse Schuyler and Myndert 
Schuyler ; had served respectively as the elev- 
enth and thirteenth mayors. Probably no 
other family in America has experienced such 
a record in civic administration, and appoint- 
ments in those days were because of promi- 
nence or proficiency. In regard to military 
valor, the major portion of all the males in 
his family had acquired some sort of title or 
had participated in one or more of the almost 
constant colonial conflicts or struggle for su- 
premacy against the savage. 

His was a life filled with eminent services 
to his country, and his fame will ever remain 
so well established that no eulogistic phrase 
in this biography can better its brilliancy. 
There are other volumes devoted exclusively 
to his life; but for the benefit of the person 
who seeks it here, a resume is presented, 
which is purposely of a local nature because 
this life sketch is pertinent to Albany, and for 
that reason it may seem that space devoted to 
family matters outweighs what might have 
been employed in recounting deeds of national 
importance. 

He was fourth in descent from Philip Pie- 
terse Schuyler, progenitor of the family, and 
was eight years old when his honored father 
died. However, he was brought up by his 
cultured mother with unusual diligence to 
train him to be a youth who should make his 
mark as those before him had done. Living 
sometimes at her "house in Albany and at 
other seasons at The Flatts. a model and moral 
household, where "Aunt Schuyler" was wont 
to entertain the most prominent visitors com- 
ing into the colony, he received a certain pol- 
ish which proved useful to him, and all those 
things moulded his character. 

A Huguenot tutor instructed him until he 
was fifteen years of age. and then he was sent 
to New Rochelle, a locality of many Huguenot 
refugees, and placed in charge of the Rev. 
Mr. Stouppe, pastor of the French Protes- 
tant church. He remained there three years, 
learned to speak the language fluently, and 
became especially proficient in mathematics, 
thus inculcating system, orderly habits and ac- 
curate thinking, essential habits for a credi- 
table military career. It is curious to look 
upon tiie mathematical drawings and calcula- 
tions made then, of canal locks, and figures 
having to do with the public debt. The place, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



33 



however, had its serious disadvantages, for 
with the snow forcing its way through the 
chinks of his bedroom walls, he contracted a 
form of rheumatic gout which confined him 
to the house for a year, and at important 
stages of his after life it bore its more serious 
aspects, by affecting him when in the northern 
military camps. In his youth he paid many 
visits to New York, mingling with society 
which brought about many intimacies that 
were to be of importance later on, when he 
was one of those engaged in shaping the des- 
tiny of the new nation. 

One of his first experiences in active battle 
conflict was during the celebrated engagement 
with the French in the late summer of 1755, 
when he was only twenty-two years of age 
and a captain by commission. The French 
Baron, Ludwig August Dieskau, was proceed- 
ing southward by the route of Lakes Cham- 
plain and George. Colonel William Johnson 
and Colonel Ephraim Williams, both men 
famed in American history, took regiments to 
the head of Lake George in order to thwart 
the attempt to turn the province over to the 
French, which was to be accomplished first by 
an attack made on Albany. Young Schuyler 
was in the party as a participant, and when 
General Dieskau was wounded in the encoun- 
ter of September 8, held prisoner in Sir Wil- 
liam Johnson's tent, an angry horde of savage 
allies pressed about the spot where he lay 
and demanded that he be given over as a vic- 
tim for their right to torture ; but Colonel 
Johnson ordered Schuyler to convey him safe- 
ly to Albany. This he did, and he showed 
him all the courtesy due to an honored guest, 
and so appreciated was this act that the for- 
eign general never failed thereafter to speak 
of the nobility of Americans. 

Philip Schuyler was one of the officers who 
went north- with General .^bercrombie, leaving 
Albany in the latter part of June. 1758, to 
block the French attack at Fort Tifonderoga. 
On the morning of July 6th, soon after making 
the landing of the army at the northern end 
of Lake George, and while walking ahead of 
his men near Trout Brook, about a mile south 
of the present village of Ticonderoga, Lord 
Howe was mortally wounded. It was but a 
week before that he had drilled his men in 
the "pasture" at Albany, and had ridden on 
horseback early nearly every morning to 
breakfast at the Schuyler Flatts, where he had 
become as one of the family and was dearly 
loved by all. Schuyler brought the body of 
his friend to Albany, as is verified by contem- 
poraneous publication of despatches in the 
newspapers, although this incident has been a 
matter of dispute between inliabitants of Ti- 



conderoga and Albany. It is said that the 
body was placed first in the Schuyler family 
vault, until the interment took place in old 
St. Peter's Episcopal church, on September 5, 
1758, and is authentically established by the 
entry in the "Church Book," there preserved 
with care to this day, and examined by the 
writer of this sketch, for tliis very reason. 

General Schuyler was a member of the Pro- 
vincial Assembly, 1768-1774; delegate to the 
Continental Congress, taking his seat May 15, 
1775; member of the New York State Sen- 
ate, 1780-1790; Commissioner of Indian Af- 
fairs, 1775-1797; surveyor-general, 1782-1788; 
president of the Northern Inland Lock Navi- 
gation Company, and of the \\'estern Inland 
Lock Navigation Company, in 1792, projects 
enlisting his closest interest; the first United 
States senator from New York, 1790-1792; 
re-elected, 1792- 1797. 

He was appointed major-general, command- 
ing the Army of the Northern Department, 
in 1775, a most important position in the Rev- 
olution, as one of the gravest dangers of the 
entire conflict was the advance of the British 
forces under General Burgo}'ne coming from 
Canada by way of the Adirondack lakes and 
the valley of the Hudson. With the greatest 
skill and consummate system he both planned 
and developed all the necessary preparations 
to meet the powerful foe — in fact, with such 
ability that defeat of the enemy was finally 
brought about in October, 1777. He had 
found an insurmountable difficulty in acquir- 
ing men to form an army of sufficient num- 
bers and adequately equipped as would guar- 
antee victory. The writer of this sketch has 
time and again come across manuscript let- 
ters of General Schuyler in which he made 
most urgent appeals to General Washington 
to grant him more men, and even the windows 
in the houses of friends in Albany were 
stripped of the metal in order to furnish ma- 
terial for bullets. His army, in August of 
that fateful year, numbered not more than 
two thousand men, and it was known that 
Burgoyne was marching southward with eight 
thousand, and camp luggage which even in- 
cluded numerous cases of champagne. Sol- 
diers from adjacent states were loth to come 
into another and fight under its generals for 
credit which would not redound to the state 
whence they came. A sad and serious spirit 
of jealousy was plainly manifest : but by the 
appointment of Horatio Gates of Massachu- 
setts to the command, brought about by con- 
nivance, this impediment was overcome, so 
that an army of proportions was the result. It 
required several severe conflicts to overthrow 
Burgoyne, the principal onslaughts being the 



34 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



fighting at Beiiiis Heights on September 19th, 
and at "Old Saratoga" (Schuylerville), on 
October 7th. General Schuyler's country res- 
idence, the ancient homestead on the southern 
bank of Fish creek and east of the highway 
from Albany to Canada, was occupied by Bur- 
goyne on the night of October 9th, when he 
gave a banquet to his officers, drinking to 
the health of the women of his entourage, and 
promising to feast in Albany presently, and he 
burned it the next morning on departing. The 
surrender took place on October 17th, and im- 
mediately afterward the prisoners marched 
southward. It was then that General Schuy- 
ler took General Burgoyne and his brother 
officers to his home in Albany, where they be- 
came his guests October 18, 1777. It was 
another act of gentlemanly courtesy that won 
a credit for the chivalry of Americans. 

Washington had always thought of Schuy- 
ler in the highest esteem, and never failed to 
maintain confidence in and speak of his abil- 
ity and courage. He had had an abundant 
opportunity throughout the war to form an 
accurate estimate, and as the commander-in- 
chief was noted for his judgment of charac- 
ter of his officers, it is certain that his opin- 
ion is more just than that of any captious 
critic or antagonistic historian who writes of 
men he has never known and about incidents 
of which he was not a witness. General 
Washington wrote from Mount Vernon to 
General Schuyler, on January 21, 1784, as fol- 
lows : 

"Your favor of the 20th of Dec. found me, as you 
conjectured, by that fireside from which I have been 
too long absent for my own convenience ; to which 
I return with the greatest avidity, the moment my 
pubHc avocations would permit ; and from which I 
hope never again to be withdrawn. While I am 
here solacing myself in my retreat from the busy 
scenes of life, I am not only made extremely happy 
by the gratitude of my countrymen in general ; but 
particularly so by the repeated proofs of the kind- 
ness of those who have been intimately conversant 
with my public transactions, and I need scarcely add 
that the favorable opinion of no one is more ac- 
ceptable than that of yourself. In recollecting the 
vicissitudes of fortune we have experienced, and the 
difficulties we have surmounted, I shall always call 
to mind the great assistance I have frequently re- 
ceived from you. both in your public and private 
character. May the blessings of peace amply reward 
your exertions; may you and your family (to whom 
the compliments of Mrs. Washington and myself 
are affectionately presented) long continue to enjoy 
every spccief pf happiness the world can aflFord. 
With sentiments of sincere esteem, attachment and 
affection, I am. Dear Sir, your most obedient, very 
humble servant, G. W.vshi.ngton." 

Before passing to the consideration of the 
kith and kin of General Schuyler, it is advis- 
able to show with no uninistakable clearness 
why they and the great men of the country 



have revered his memory. .A few excerpts 
from the writings of well-known characters 
will serve to illustrate. In Washington Irv- 
ing's "Life of Washington" appears the fol- 
lowing: "When the tidings reached General 
Washington of the action of the Congress in 
superseding Schuyler (by Gates), he wrote 
him immediately 'that he looked upon the 
whole scheme as diabolical,' that he regarded 
it 'with sentiments of abhorrence, having the 
utmost confidence in your integrity and the 
most incontestible proofs of your attachment 
to your country.' Schuyler asked for a court- 
martial to sit on the case and was fully ac- 
quitted, the information being forwarded to 
General Washington by the court with an ex- 
pression of hope that 'Schuyler's name might 
be handed down to posterity as one of the pil- 
lars of the American cause.' " On finishing 
his book, Irving regretted that he was "toO' 
old" to undertake that of Schuyler. 

Daniel Webster also expressed a desjre tO' 
add at least "a chapter on General Schuyler 
to the History of the Revolution," writing as- 
follows: "I was brought up with the New 
England prejudices against him; but I con- 
sider him as second only to Washington in 
the services he rendered to the country in the 
War of the Revolution. His zeal and devo- 
tion to the cause under difficulties that would 
have paralyzed most men, and his fortitude 
and courage when assailed by malicious at- 
tacks, having impressed me with a strong de- 
sire to express publicly my sense of his great 
qualities." 

Gov. Horatio Seymour, in his address de- 
livered on the occasion of the centennial cele- 
bration of Burgoyne's surrender, held at 
Schuylerville, in 1877, o" the very spot where 
.Schuyler's house and property had been de- 
stroyed by the British, gave testimony again 
to General Schuyler's patriotism and unsel- 
fishness, — "as the one figure which rises above 
all others; upon whose conduct and bearing 
w-e love to dwell. There was one who won a 
triumph there which never grows dim, one 
who gave an example of patience and patrio- 
tism unsurpassed on the pages of history, one 
who did not, under cutting wrongs and cruel 
suspicions, wear an air of martyrdom ; but 
with cheerful alacrity served where he should 
have commanded." 

Mrs. Lamb, in her "History of New York," 
writes: "In this connection, the figure of 
Philip Schuyler rises grandly above all others, 
— lie uttered no comjjlaint at seeing his laurels 
won by another ! He even congratulated 
Gates, who had displayed no professional skill 
whatever." 

It will not do to omit mention of the his- 



HUDSON AXD MOHAWK VALLEYS 



35 



toric Schuyler Mansion at Albany, the scene 
of so much social life that was of importance 
in the period just described and an edifice 
which to this day has attracted every foreign 
visitor to the Capital City. 

After his earlier campaigns, Philip Schuy- 
ler settled down at The Flatts with his bride, 
intending to busy himself with private affairs. 
He was, however, soon called away from the 
anticipated quiet life to engage again in pub- 
lic matters. Colonel John Bradstreet had an- 
other campaign on hand in 1760, this time 
against the Indian allies of the French in the 
west. The colonel's health was poor, and he 
had accounts with the government covering 
several years which required close attention. 
Thinking to manage his point successfully, he 
wrote to Philip Schuyler : "Your zeal, punc- 
tuality and strict honesty in his Majesty's ser- 
vice, under my direction, for several years 
past, are sufficient proofs that I can't leave 
my public accounts and papers in a more faith- 
ful hand than yours to be settled, should any 
accident happen to me this campaign ; where- 
fore that I may provide against it and that 
a faithful account may be rendered to the pub- 
lic of all the public money that I have re- 
ceived since the war, I now deliver to you 
all my public accounts and vouchers and do 
hereby empower you to settle them with 
whomsoever may be appointed for that pur- 
pose, either in America or England.'' 

It proved to be difficult to conduct the busi- 
ness properly without visiting London, so 
Schuyler determined to go abroad. He sailed 
in February, 1761, aboard a packet named 
"General Wall," and he interested himself in 
the study of navigation, which, because of 
his previous taste for mathematics, and the 
slowness of the voyage, allowed him to make 
peculiarly rapid progress. It happened that 
the captain of the vessel died on the journey 
over, and both passengers and crew requested 
him to assume command. He was then but 
twenty-eight years old, but he possessed much 
self-reliance, and he navigated the vessel with 
full success until nearing the coast of Eng- 
land. At this time there was a war in prog- 
ress between England and France in Europe, 
although peace had come between them in the 
colonies, and the "General Wall" was taken 
by a French privateer, with the result that 
a French lieutenant and a prize crew were 
placed aboard. It was then that his knowl- 
edge of French proved very beneficial, and he 
found himself presently on good terms with 
his foreign captor. As both privateer and 
prize, the "General Wall," were nearing 
France, they were both captured by an Eng- 
lish frigate, and it happened thus that young 



Schuyler was able to reach London in safety 
with his valuable papers. After attending to 
these affairs he devoted some time to the study 
of the products which he hof>ed to see pro- 
duced at home instead of the colonies contin- 
uing to import them. He also made a study 
of canal systems, with the expectation that 
some day he might introduce such methods 
into his province. 

On his arrival home, as the little sloop 
neared the city of Albany, his eyes rested 
on an unfamiliar sight. He knew that when 
he had departed a new house for his family 
was in contemplation ; but here it was a real- 
ity on the spot he had selected. Its construc- 
tion had been brought about by the fact that, 
after the war ended. Colonel P.radstreet rec- 
ommended the number of newly idle men, car- 
penters and the like, as an inducement to be 
reckoned with in constructing it advantage- 
ously, and Mrs. Schuyler coincided with these 
views. It was a large, double house, in the 
English colonial style, built facing the Hud- 
son, and about a mile from it, with pleasing 
outlook because of its elevation which sloped 
gradually to the river shore, affording the 
family extensive terraces and gardens. It was 
of brick, with spacious rooms within and por- 
ticos on front and sides, the whole painted 
cream and white in later years. So well was 
the work accomplished that although erected 
in 1761, it has stood in about the same condi- 
tion to this day, and the only striking change 
has been in the encroachments made by the 
city growing about it on all sides, until the 
estate was limited to an acre or two. 

The principal guest chamber was on the 
second floor on the left hand side, and there 
slept Lafayette, the Duke de Lauzun, and, 
after his surrender. General Burgoyne, with 
several of his leading officers. After the Rev- 
olution also came there the Marquis de Chas- 
tellux, \'icomte de Noailles and Comte de 
Damas. Washington also was his guest, and 
was godfather of one of his children, the in- 
fant, Catherine Schuyler. Her elder sister 
Margaret married Alexander Hamilton in one 
of the rooms, December 14, 1780. She like- 
wise figured in the attack made on the Schuy- 
ler Alansion by Indians on the evening of Au- 
gust 7, 1781, when a band of Tories planned 
to carry General Schuyler off' to Canada. He 
was seated in his front hall, with doors open 
on account of the extreme heat, when he 
was apprised of the fact that some one wished 
to see him at the rear gate. Doors and win- 
dows were immediately barred, having reason 
to fear trouble, and, because of the suspicious 
character, the family proceeded to rush up- 
stairs. Discovering that the infant Catherine 



36 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



was sleeping- on the main floor, Mrs. Schuyler 
ran back to save her ; but the General inter- 
cepted, and the child's sister Margaret, who 
later married Patroon Stephen \'an Rensse- 
laer, rescued the babe, and while mounting- 
the stairs barely escaped the flying tomahawk, 
which lodged in the balustrade. By a subter- 
fuge of the General, calling to imaginary 
armed men to hasten, the band of marauders 
was scared away. 

General Philip Schuyler married, at Clav- 
erack, Columbia county, New York, Septem- 
ber 17, 1755, Catherine Van Rensselaer. She 
was born at Claverack, New York, November 
4, 1734: died in the Schuyler Mansion, Al- 
bany, March 7, 1803, daughter of Johannes 
\'an Rensselaer, of Claverack (born Jan, 11, 
1708) who married (Jan. 3, 1734) Engeltje 
(Angelica) Livingston, who was baptized 
July 17, 1698. Children of General Philip 
Schuvler and Catherine Van Rensselaer : 

1. Engeltje (or Angelica), baptized at Al- 
bany. February 22, 1756: married John Bar- 
ker Church. 

2. Elizabeth, born at Albany, August 9, 
1757: died at Washington, D. C November 
7, 1854: married, in the Schuyler Mansion 
at Albany, December 14, 1780, Alexander 
Hamilton, first Secretary of the U. S. Treas- 
ury under appointment by President Washing- 
ton. He was born on the island of Nevis, in 
the West Indies, January 11, 1757, and was 
mortally wounded in a duel fought with Aaron 
Burr, at Weehawken, New Jersey, on the 
morning of July 11, 1804, dying at his home, 
"The Grange," in New York City, July 12th. 
His father was a proprietor planter in the 
West Indies, named James Hamilton, the son 
of Alexander Hamilton, of Grange, Scotland. 
He and his wife, Elizabeth Schuyler, are bur- 
ied in the graveyard of Trinity Church in 
New York City, 'to the south of the edifice 
She lived to be ninety-seven years old, and 
when she died her husband's last letter to her 
was found in a receptacle worn attached to 
her neck. They had the following issue: (a) 
Philip, born January 22, 1782, killed in a 
duel at Weehawken, New Jersey, November 
24, 1801. (b) Angelica, born September 25, 
1784, died February 6, 1857. (c) Alexander, 
born May 16, 1786, died August 2, 1875. (d) 
James Alexander, born April 14, 1788, died at 
Irvington, New York, September 24, 1878; 
married, Brooklyn, October 17, 1810, Mary 
Morris (b.Dec. 25, 1790; d.May 24, 1869). 
(e) John Church, born August 22, 1792; died 
Long Branch, New Jersey, July 25, 1882. (f) 
William Steven, born August 4, 1795, died at 
Sacramento, California, August 7, 1850. (g) 
Eliza, born November 26, 1799. (h) Philip, 



born June i. 1802, died at Poughkeepsie, New 
York, July 9, 1884 ; married Rebecca McLane, 
and had Allan McLane Hamilton, born Brook- 
lyn, October 6, 1848. 

3. Margarita, born at Albany, September 
19, 1758, baptized September 24, died at Al- 
bany, March 14, 1801 : married at Schuyler- 
ville, New York, June 6, 1783, General Ste- 
phen Van Rensselaer, who was born in New 
York City, November i, 1764; died in the 
Van Rensselaer Manor House at Albany, Jan- 
uary 26, 1839, and was the son of 7th Pat- 
roon, Stephen Van Rensselaer, who married 
(New York, Jan. 23, 1764) Catherine Living- 
ston, daughter of Philip Livingston, the 
Signer of the Declaration ; by whom : Cather- 
ine Schuyler (Van Rensselaer), born in July, 
and baptized August 9, 1784, died at Albany, 
April 26, 1797; Stephen (\^an Rensselaer), 
born at Albany, June 6, 1786, died in 1787; 
General Stephen (\^an Rensselaer), born at 
Albany, March 29, 1789, tlie 8th Patroon, died 
in the Manor House at Albany, May 25, 1868, 
married. New York City, January 2. 1817, 
Harriet Elizabeth Bayard. 

4. Cornelia, born at Albany; baptized there, 
August I, 1761 : died young. 

5. John Bradstreet, born at Albany ; bap- 
tized October 8, 1763 ; died young. 

6. John Bradstreet, born in the Schuyler 
mansion, Albany; baptized there, July 23, 
1765 ; died at Schuylerville, New York, Au- 
gust 19. 1795 : married, Albany, September 18, 
1787, Elizabeth \'an Rensselaer, who was 
born in the Manor House at Albany, August 
15, 1768, died at Albany, March 27, 1841, 
daughter of 7th Patroon, Stephen \^an Rens- 
selaer and Catherine Livingston : to whom : 
Philip, Iwrn in Albany, October 26, 1788, died 
at Pelham, New York, February 12, 1865, 
was member of assembly and United States 
consul to Liverpool, England, married. New 
York City, September 12, 181 1, Grace Flunter, 
daughter of Robert Hunter, of Edinburgh, 
Scotland, and sister of Hon. John Hunter, of 
Hunter's Island, in Long Island -Sound. John 
Bradstreet Schuyler's other child was Stephen 
Van Rensselaer, born at Albany, Mav 4, 1790; 
died when three weeks old. \\nien a widow, 
Elizabeth Van Rensselaer (Schuyler") married, 
Albany. November 17, 1800, John Bleecker. 

7. Philip Jereiniah, born January 20, 1768; 
died in New York City, February 21, 1835; 
married. May 31, 1788, Sarah Rutsen (who 
died October 24. 1805) ; by whom five chil- 
dren; married (second), January 21, 1807, 
Mary Anna Sawyer, of Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts (b. September 2, 1786, d. March 25, 
1852), by whom six children. Issue: (a) Phil- 
ip, born April 5, 1789, died May 22, 1822, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



37 



married Rosanna Livingston, (b) John Rut- 
sen, died June 22, 1813. (c) Catherine, died 
November 20, 1829: married, January 27, 
1816, Chief Justice Samuel Jones (b. March 
26, 1770. d. August, 1853). (d) Robert, born 
September, 1798: died, 1855. (e) Stephen 
Van Rensselaer, born April, 1801 ; married, 
December 11, 1831, Catherine Morris, and he 
died in 1859. (f) William, born December 6, 
1807; died when twenty-two years old, un- 
married, (g) Sybill, born May 16, 1809; died 
January 26, 1813. (h) George Lee, born June 
9, 181 1 ; died July 31, 1890; married (first), 
February 18, 1835, Eliza Hamilton (b. Oct. 8, 
1811; d. Dec. 20, 1863), granddaughter of 
Alexander Hamilton; married (second), April 
15, 1869, Mary Morris Hamilton, born Janu- 
ary I, 1818: died May 11, 1877. 

8. Rensselaer, born at Albany. January 29, 
1773; died December 16, 1847: married Eliza 
Ten Broeck (b. Aug. 25, 1772; d. Apr. 10, 
1848), daughter of Gen. Abraham Ten ijroeck 
and Elizabeth Van Rensselaer; no issue. 

9. Cornelia, born at Albany, December 22, 
1776; died at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July 
5, 1808; married Washington Morton. 

10. Cortlandt, born at Albany, May 15, 
1778 ; died young. 

11. Catherine Van Rensselaer, born at Al- 
bany, February 20, 1781 ; died at Oswego, 
New York, August 26, 1857: married (first), 
Samuel Malcolm, son of General Malcolm of 
the Revolution; married (second). Major 
James Cochran, son of Surgeon-General John 
Cochran. 

(Arent Schuyler's Line). 

This is the line of descent of Arent Schuy- 
ler, son of Philip Pieterse Schuyler, the pro- 
genitor of the family in America. 

(H) Arent Schuyler, son of Philip Pie- 
terse Schuyler and Margarita Van Slechten- 
horst. was born at Rensselaerswyck (Albany, 
N. Y.), June 25, 1662, and died November 
26, 1730. The codicil of his will was dated 
October 30, 1730. 

In July, 1684, being shortly after attaining 
his majority, and having fitted himself for 
the life of a merchant or trader, also possess- 
ing a sufficient sum of money to embark, he 
began preparations for marriage and house- 
keeping by buying a house on Pearl Street, 
"where the eagle hangs out," from his mother, 
paying her two hundred beavers in two instal- 
ments. Instead of door-plate, in order to 
represent his name by its significance, he hung 
outside a live eagle in a cage. 

He selected for his wife, Jenneke Teller, 
the daughter of William Teller, who had come 
to Fort Orange in 1639, and Margaret Don- 
chesen, and he married her in Rensselaers- 



wyck, November 26, 1684, two years before 
the city received its charter as Albany. A 
few months after their marriage they ap- 
peared before a notary to make a joint will. 
It was filed in Albany, and written in Dutch, 
read in part as follows: "The worthy Mr. 
Arent Schuyler and Jenneke Teller, lawfully 
wedded husband and wife, living here in Al- 
bany, both sound in body and mind, able to 
walk and stand, memory and speech unim- 
paired, who together having met and moved 
by their mutual affection and love, and to- 
gether having meditated on the certainty of 
death, and the uncertainty of the hour of it, 
have directed, without being persuaded or in- 
fluenced by anybody, to have their last will 
and testament drawn up. They first and above 
all commend their souls to God Almighty, and 
their bodies to a Christian burial." 

His wife died in the year 1700, and he mar- 
ried, at Albany, January 2, 1703. Swantje Van 
Duyckhuysen. It is recorded in one family 
narrative (Taylor's Annals), that he married 
a third wife. l\Iaria Walter, in 1724, who was 
living in Belleville, New Jersey, in 1734. 

Arent Schuyler continued to attend to his 
thriving business for the first five years of 
his married life, and then was called more 
and more into public service. He served on 
a committee for providing fuel and other 
comforts for the houses occupied by Indians 
when on their trading expeditions to Albany. 
He was also on the committee to raise funds 
to erect fortifications, and he participated en- 
ergetically in the proceedings of the Albany 
convention in opposition to the pretensions of 
Jacob Leisler. After the Indians alid French 
had accomplished the destruction of Schenec- 
tady in 1690, he joined the party of Captain 
Abraham Schuyler, who were directed to pro- 
ceed to Otter Creek and remain four weeks 
to watch the lakes and surrounding country 
in case of attack. He volunteered to lead 
a scouting party into Canada at this time, 
and although it consisted of eight Indians and 
he, the only white man, he was undaunted. 
They went through the wooded wilderness 
and through the lake, down the Sorel river 
to Fort Chambly, and under its walls killed 
two and took one Frenclunan a prisoner. By 
this exploit he was the first man of the Eng- 
lish or Dutch to lead a hostile party from this 
province into Canada. He was thereafter 
widely known as a courageous man, and was 
commissioned captain. 

In August, 1692, the acting governor, In- 
goldesby, was apprised of the fact that a 
delegation of southern Indians, who had been 
at war with the Five Nations, was on the 
way to visit their enemies and sue for peace. 



38 



HUDSON AND :\IOHAWK VALLEYS 



They liad arrived at the Delaware river and 
were waiting- for permission to continue their 
journey. 

The gjovernor and his council considered 
this an important business, requiring un- 
usual wisdom in its management. They con- 
cluded that Captain Arent Sckuyler, then in 
New York, was exactly suited to the delicacy 
of the undertaking, and decided to despatch 
him to meet the Indians, that he might con- 
duct them to the governor and council. He 
was furnished with the proper instructions 
and given wampum belts to use. Considering 
the mode of traveling in those days, he was 
decidedly expeditious, for only six days aft- 
erward he returned with the "far Indians, 
called Shawanoes. and some Senecas, who had 
been traveling together for nine years." His 
expense account is of peculiar interest, and 
sets forth that on August 13th it was neces- 
sary to pay for ferriage at Elizabethtown ; 
on the 14th, lodging and horse-hire : on the 
15th. for horse-hire to (Trenton) Falls and 
a guide to the Indians; on the i6th, for two 
Holland shirts to be given to Indian chiefs ; 
expenses at Raritan and Woodbridge : on the 
17th, horse-hire from Benjamin Cluet's to 
Elizabethtown : on the 18th, expense at the 
same place and ferriage from Davitt's ; at 
New York, charges for "butcher's meat, 
crackers and peas" furnished the Indians, and 
on arrival, for the comfort and keeping of 
the Indians, "fourteen gallons single beer, 
fish, bread and oysters," the expenses for the 
entire trip, for all, amounting to but little 
more than twelve English j)ounds. He pre- 
sented a belt at the end of each proposition, 
addressing them as "brethren," and they him 
as "Corlaer." 

On account of so many and frequent de- 
mands made upon him to treat with the In- 
dians or engage in campaigns, .\rent Schuy- 
ler's business had been seriously neglected. 
His brother lirandt and his sister Gertrude 
were both married and had settled in New 
York, .'\lbany w-as then a frontier town and 
exposed to attack, so considering everything, 
he departed for New York about February, 
1694, determined to resume business as a 
merchant. 

It w^as determined at a council held Febru- 
ary 3. 1694. by Governor Fletcher, that as 
there were one hundred Frenchmen and fifty 
French Indians coming into the ]\Iinisink 
coimtrv to debauch the Minisink Infliaiis, that 
a trustworthy messenger must be despatched 
to seek out their intent. Arent Schuyler was 
again selected. He started the afternoon of 
the day he was told of the mission, and the 
day after reached the Indian village, eight 



miles beyond the Hackensack. His confer- 
ence was favorable, and after an absence of 
six days among dangerous tribes, returned to 
New York City. 

On June 6. 1695, Arent Schuyler and An- 
thony Brockholst purchased of the Indians 
4,000 acres of land at Pequannock. On No- 
vember II, 1695, they purchased the title of 
the East Jersey Proprietors to the same tract 
for one hundred pounds. On May 20, 1697, 
he received from Governor Fletcher a patent 
for land in the Minisink country, called by 
the Indians Sankhekeneck, alias Maghawaem ; 
also a parcel of meadow called Waimsagsk- 
meck, on the Minisink river, containing one 
thousand acres. 

He removed from New York to Pompton 
Plains, New Jersey, about 1702, where he 
remained until 17 10, when he removed to a 
large farm which he had purchased from 
Edmund Kingsland, on New Barbadoes Neck, 
on the east side of the Passaic river, the deed 
dated April 20, 1710; amount, 330 pounds. 

A negro slave belonging to him accident- 
ally found a copper deposit while he was 
plowing. He had turned up a peculiarly 
greenish and very heavy sort of stone. He 
took it to his master and it was sent to Eng- 
land to be analyzed. The reply was that it 
contained 80 per cent, of copper, and this 
opened a means for Arent Schuyler to obtain 
wealth. Desiring to reward the slave, he told 
him that he might make three requests, to 
which the fellow replied ; first, that he might 
remain with his master so long as he lived ; 
second, that he might have all the tobacco 
he could smoke : third, that he might be given 
a dressing-gown, with big. brass buttons, like 
his master's. Schuyler told him to consider 
and ask for something less tritling, and the 
answer was that for the fourth request he 
might have "a little more tobacco." Before 
his death he had shipped to the Bristol copper 
and brass works, England, 1,386 tons. In 
1 76 1, on receipt of an engine from England, 
the mine was extensively operated for four 
years. 

Three miles above the present city of New- 
ark and opposite the old town of Belleville, 
on the Passaic river, Arent Schuyler erected 
his mansion. It was built by him in 1710, 
and is standing, in excellent condition, this 
day. It is believed that he had to send to 
Holland for the brick that composed the front, 
and formed the other walls of brownstone 
found at Belleville. It has been the residence 
of generations of the Schuyler family since 
that tiine, and in its simple, substantial ar- 
chitecture is a noble type. In the olden times 
there was a magnificent deer park about the 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



39 



Tiouse. stocked with no less than 130 animals 
■of that kind. 

While living. Arent Schuyler was most lib- 
eral. He was an officer of the Reformed 
Dutch church, and soon after he settled on 
the Passaic he assisted in organizing it at 
Belleville. He gave it 150 pounds in 1729, 
.as a commencement of a fund for the pastor's 
•salary, and shortly added 300 pounds. After 
his death in 1730, his widow and five chil- 
■dren, in respect to his memory, contributed 
50 pounds apiece, and in 1739 John added 150 
pounds, arranging for the right to vote on 
calling a minister, as also the privilege of 
signing the call, and the consistory bound it- 
self and successors not to invite a clergyman 
of another denomination to occupy the pulpit 
without his or their consent, provided always 
that they were members of the Dutch church. 
Colonel Schuyler, however, withtlrew from 
the church because of a difference, and, while 
leaving the fund, he united with tiie Episco- 
palians, and built a church for them in the 
■same place. 

The children of Captain Arent Schuyler 
and his first wife, Jenneke Teller, are the 
first seven named ; the later five by his second 
wife, Swantje \'an Duyckhuysen. Dispute or 
confusion possible to arise over the list pre- 
sented here, will be benefited by the plain 
statement that Mr. George W. Schuyler, in 
his "Colonial New York," ("Scribner's, 1885, 
vol. H., p. 196). does not furnish the name 
of the fourth child. Olivia, and Charles H. 
Winfield, in his "History of Hudson County, 
New Jersey," 1874, page 535, does not fur- 
nish (what Schuyler does) the names of the 
first child, Margareta : of the third child, 
Maria, died young: of fifth child, Judik, died 
young: nor of the seventh chikl, Wilhelmus. 
died young. Considerable research leads to 
the conclusion that no one has yet placed in 
type the birth dates of Arent Schuyler's last 
five children, all born after he left Albany, 
Swantje Van Duyckhuysen their mother. 
Children : 

1. Margareta, baptized in Albany. Septem- 
ter 27, 1685 ; marriage license with Charles 
Oliver issued November 7, 1704. 

2. Philip, baptized in .Albany, September 
II, 1687: married Hester Kingsland, daugh- 
ter of Isaac Kingsland, of New r)arbadoes 
Neck, New Jersey, and his wife, Elizabeth: 
member of assembly of New Jersey in 1719 
and 1721 : inherited the tract of land at Pe- 
quannock, which his father owned jointly 
with Samuel Bayard of Hoboken and the heirs 
■of Anthonv Brockholst, which included Pomp- 
ton. New Jersey. 

The children of Philip (Arentse) Schuyler 



and Hester Kingsland were : Johannes, born 
September 2, 1713, married, June 24, 174I, 
Isaac Kingsland : Arent, born February 23, 
1715, will proved December 15, 1806, married 
(first), October i, 1741, Helena \'an Wage- 

nen, married (second), Rachel : Isaac, 

born April 26, 1716, died in infancy; Philip, 
born December 23, 17 17, married and had 
Philip and Garret : Isaac, Ix>rn September 8, 
1719, married and had Major Schuyler; Eliza- 
beth, born February 22, 1721, married (bond 
dated), November 9, 1748, Rev. Benjamin 
\'an der Linde ; Pieter, born June 7, 1723, 
died without issue (wife Mary) October 18, 
1808: Hester, born April 12, 1725, married 
Teunis Dey ; Maria, born September 11, 1727: 
Jenneke, born October 26, 1728, married 
Board, and resided at Wesel : Jo- 
hannes, born June 4, 1730, died in infancy; 
Casparus, born December 10, 1735. married 
and had one child, Hester, who married Gen- 
eral William Colfa.x, of Pompton, New Jer- 
sey, grandfather of Schuyler Colfax, vice- 
president of the United States. 

3. Maria, baptized in Albany, October 6, 
1689 : died young. 

4. Olivia, mentioned in her father's will, 
but dead at that time, and leaving issue. 

5. Judik, baptized in x\lbany, March 11, 
1692 ; died young. 

6. Casparus, baptized in New York City, 
May 5, 1695 ; received from his father a deed 
for land in Burlington, New Jersey, at Lossa 
or Wingworth's Point. 

7. Wilhelmus, baptized in New York City, 
June 2, 1700; died young. 

8. John, died before proving of will on 
February 12, 1773; married Anne \'an Rens- 
selaer, born January i, 1719 (see forward; 
also, see \'an Rensselaer family). 

9. Pieter, born probably at New Barba- 
does Neck, opposite Belleville, New Jersey, 
about 1710; died at his home, then called Pe- 
tersborough, on the east bank of the Passaic, 
a short distance above Newark, March 7, 
1762 ; married Mary, daughter of John Wal- 
ter, a man of great wealth residing on Han- 
over Square in New York City. By his 
father's will he received 760 acres of land in 
Elizabethtown, near Rahway river. When it 
was proposed to invade Canada in 1746, he 
was authorized to recruit, then placed in com- 
mand of 500 men ; embarked at Perth Am- 
boy. September 3rd. for Albany, where he ar- 
rived on the 9th, when, through failure of the 
home government to send forces from Eng- 
land, the expedition was abandoned. While 
located there the soldiers complained from ac- 
tual winter suft'ering. were denied their pa)', 
and made threats to leave. He wrote on Feb- 



40 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



ruary 26, 1747, to the authorities in New Jer- 
sey, that his men needed a surgeon, medicines, 
shirts, flints, colors, bread and peas. On May 
II, 1747, Governor Hamilton, of New Jer- 
sey, complimented Colonel Schuyler on his 
zeal, and authorized each man to receive "two 
speckled shirts and one pair of shoes." It 
was necessary for Schuyler to do more to 
quiet his men, and he advanced several thou- 
sands pounds from his own pocket. Later he 
marched his regiment to Saratoga, to garrison 
the fort. When warfare broke out in 1754 he 
was placed in command of the New Jersey 
forces, and his regiment moved up the Mo- 
hawk from Schenectady early in July, reach- 
ing Oswego July 20th, but because of defeats 
in New Jersey was called back hurriedly. In 
August, 1755. he was again returned to engage 
in the defense of Forts Oswego and Ontario. 
He was captured by Montcalm's men and 
taken to Montreal, and from there to Quebec, 
where he remained a prisoner until paroled, 
October, 1757. When he arrived in New 
York City, November 19th. there was a gen- 
eral illumination in his honor and a bonfire 
of proportions on the campus. When he 
reached his home he was welcomed with a sa- 
lute from thirteen pieces of cannon. His pa- 
role over and no exchange effected, he sur- 
rendered himself to Montcalm at Ticonderoga, 
July 23, 1758, and sent to Montreal: but on 
November i, 1758, he was exchanged for 
Sieur de Noyau, commandant at Fort Fronte- 
nac, and brought back with him eighty-eight 
prisoners, many of whom he had paid for 
highly, some of whom he had supported in 
captivity. Peter Schuyler and Mary Walter 
had one child, Catherine, who married Archi- 
bald Kennedy. Earl of Casselis, who married, 
as widower, Anne Watts. 

ID. Adonijah, born in 1717; died before 
May 28, 1762, when his will was proved ; re- 
ceived by his father's will two tracts of land 
at Elizabethtown Point. New Jersey : married 
Gertrude \'an Rensselaer, who was born at 
Rensselaerswyck. October i, 1714. daughter 
of 4tli Patroon Kiliaen Van Rensselaer and 
Maria Van Cortlandt ; by whom : Van Rens- 
selaer : Mary ; Swan, married November 2, 
1772, .-Xrent Schuyler, and died May 20, 1801, 
(see forward) : John, married February 16, 
1769, Mary Hunter; Peter; .Adonijah, when 
aged twelve years entered the British navy 
under Captain St. John, became lieutenant, 
married Susan Shields, of Plymouth, Eng- 
land, where he settled ; Philip, died without 
issue, will proved September 26, 1795. 

11. Eve, married Peter Bayard, died in 

1737- 

12. Cornelia, married Pierre De Peyster. 



By their father's will these two last daughters 
received two lots of ground on Broadway, in 
New York, Eve receiving an Indian slave, 
Molly, and Cornelia one named Nanny. 

(HI) John Schuyler, son of Arent Schuy- 
ler and Swantje \'an Duyckhuysen, was born 
about 1708, and died at Belleville, New Jer- 
sey. January 12. 1773. 

By his father's will, he received the home- 
stead farm and the very valuable copper 
mines situated at New Barbadoes Xeck. New 
Jersey. He was a colonel of the regiment 
of militia and also of the regiment of horse 
in Bergen county. New Jersey. Governor 
Cosby recommended him to a seat in the 
New Jersey council, September 5, 1735, to 
which he was appointed, and in 1746 he re- 
signed. His will was signed December 22, 
1772, and was probated February 12. 1773. 

John Schuyler married, at Albany. Anne 
Van Rensselaer, who was born there January 
I, 1719, died in 1791, daughter of the 4th 
Patroon Kiliaen Van Rensselaer and Maria 
Van Cortlandt. (See Van Rensselaer family). 
Children: i. Arent John, born October 10, 
1746. at Belleville, New Jersey; died there, 
October 28, 1803 ; married, November 2, 1772, 
Swan Schuyler (see- forward). 2. Mary, 
born about 1762 ; died unmarried. 

(IV) Arent John Schuyler, son of John 
Arent Schuyler and Anne \'an Rensselaer, 
was born in the family homestead at Belle- 
ville, New Jersey, October 10, 1746. and died 
there October 28, 1803. He was a member of 
the standing committee of correspondence of 
the county of Bergen. N. J. 

He married, November 2. 1772, Swan 
Schuyler, daughter of Adonijah .Schuyler and 
Gertrude \'an Rensselaer, therefore his 
cousin, and she died May 20, 1801, aged sixty 
years. Children: i. Anne, died July 20, 
1783, aged seven years eight months. 2. John 
Arent, born at Belleville, New Jersey, April 
12, 1779: died there October 12. 1817; mar- 
ried (first) Eliza Kip. (second) Catherine 
\'an Rensselaer (see forward). 

(V) John .Arent Schuyler, son of Arent 
John Schuyler and Swan Schuyler, was born 
April 12, 1779. and died at Belleville, N. J., 
October 12. 1817. 

He married (first), in 1800. Eliza Kip, 
daughter of James H. Kip, by whom his first 
two children. She died November 17, 1805, 
and he married (second) in 1807, Catherine 
Van Rensselaer, daughter of General Robert 
Van Rensselaer of Claverack, New York, son 
of John \'an Rensselaer, and she died Febru- 
ary 2. 1867. by wliom lie had five children; 

I. .'\rent Henry, born November 25. 1801 ; 
married. April 24, 1828, Mary Caroline 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



41 



Kingsland, and died May 19, 1878 (see for- 
ward). 

2. Harriet Ann. born January 31, 1803; 
baptized February 17. 1803 : married, Decem- 
ber 19. 1822. Smith W. Anderson. 

3. Angelica Van Rensselaer, died March 
30. 1864. 

4. John Arent, died November 21, 1855; 
married Frances Elizabeth Bleecker, daughter 
of Alexander Bleecker. of New York City. 

5. Robert \'an Rensselaer, born June 4, 
1813 ; died at Jersey City, New Jersey, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1856; married, September 9, 1851, 
Kate Manchini, daughter of Angelo Man- 
chini ; by whom one child, Van Rensselaer, 
who was born at Brooklyn, New York, July 
27, 1852, married, at Buffalo, N. Y., June 26, 
1899, Ethel Cornelia Paul, born at Evanston, 
Tils., August 10, 1876, daughter of Cornelius 
Danforth Paul. Kate Manchini (Schuyler), 
when a widow, married her husband's nephew, 
John Arent Schuyler (see forward). 

6. Jacob Rutsen, born in 1816; died Feb- 
ruary 4, 1887: married, November 18, 1847, 
Susanna Edwards, daughter of Timothy Ed- 
wards. She was born in 1826, and died Janu- 
ary 23, 1870. 

7. Catherine Gertrude, born in 1818; died 
October 8, 1887; married, October 4, 1838, 
Henry S. Craig. 

(VI) Arent Henry Schuyler, son of John 
Arent Schuyler and Eliza Kip, was born at 
Belleville, New Jersey, November 25, 1801, 
and died there. May 19. 1878. 

He married, at Belleville, New Jersey, April 

24, 1828, Mary Caroline Kingsland. She was 
born at Kingsland, New Jersey, June 21, 
1804; died at Newark, New Jersey, July 21, 
1894, daughter of Henry W. Kingsland and 
Sarah Jauncey. Children, all born in Belle- 
ville, New Jersey: 

1. Henry Kingsland, born March 5, 1829; 
died there. August 10, 1896: married, Decem- 
ber 15, 1858, Ellen Valentine, daughter of 
Anthony P. \'alentine. of Spottswood, New 
Jersey ; by whom : Arent, born September 

25, i860, died 1908 ; Campbell Valentine, born 
July 2, 1864 : Henry Kingsland, born August 
29, 1876. 

2. John Arent, born February 19, 1831 ; 
died June 15, 1870; married, Jersey City, New 
Jersey, January 14, 1863, Kate Manchini 
(Schuyler) (see forward). 

3. Smith Arent, born November 18, 1832; 
died at Newark, New Jersey, July 26, 1870; 
married Elizabeth Kneeland, and had Cort- 
landt Van Rensselaer, Frank Herbert, Smith 
Anderson. 

4. Edwin Nesbit, born June 15, 1834; died 
there, September 13, 1835. 



5. Harriet Anderson, born August 29, 
1836- died at Newark, New Jersey, February 
17, 1882 ; married, September 15, 1858, Sidney 
Augustus Schieffelin, and had Caroline Schuy- 
ler,'"' Henry Hamilton, Alice Van Rensselaer, 
Harriet Augusta and Schuyler. 

6 Sarah Jauncev, born June 22, 1838, mar- 
ried, BelleviHe, October 6, 1858, Stephen \ an 
Cortlandt Van Rensselaer, son of John \_an 
Rensselaer, and had one son, Stephen Van 
Cortlandt, who died young. 

7. Arent Henry, born August 8, 1840; died 
there, September 20, 1863. 

8 Richards Kingsland, born June 24, 1842 ; 
married Brooklyn, New York, December 3, 
1879, Lucretia Kellogg, and had John Arent, 
died young: Walter Kellogg; Philip \ an 
Rensselaer; IMary Kingsland, and Clarence 
Richards. 

9. Mary Caroline, born February 16, iS45 '. 
died, August 9, 1845. 

10. Catherine Gertrude, born, August 17, 
1846: died, December 16, 1866. 

(VH) John Arent Schuyler, son of Arent 
Henry Schuvler and ^lary Caroline Kings- 
land was born at Belleville, New Jersey, Feb- 
ruary 19, 1831, and died at Jersey City, New 
Jersey, June 15, 1870. 

He married, at Jersey City, January 14, 
1863, Kate Manchini, widow of Robert Van 
Rensselaer Schuvler. She was born at New 
York, New York, April 15, 1831, and was 
the daughter of Angelo IVLinchini and Anne 
Eaton, "issue: Sidney Schieffelin, born at 
Jersev Citv, August 25, 1864 (see forward). 

(\ill) Sidney Schieffelin Schuyler, son of 
John Arent Schuyler and Kate Manchini 
V Schuyler), was born at Jersey City. New 
Jersey, August 25, 1864. He is a member of 
the New York Stock Exchange, senior mem- 
ber of firm of Schuyler, Chadwick & Burn- 
ham, 100 Broadway, and resides in Plainfield, 
New Jersey. 

He married, at Bayonne, New Jersey, De- 
cember 12, 1894, Cora Anderson. She was 
born at Bridgeport, Connecticut, September 
29, 1866, died at Kingsland, New York, June 
16, 1898, daughter of John Joseph Anderson, 
of St. Louis, Missouri, and Emma Dyer. By 
this marriage one child, Marion Van Rensse- 
laer, born at Bayonne, New Jersey, January 
14, 1896. He married (second), at Cranford, 
New Jersey. Julv 15, 1903- Helene Gladys 
Abry. She was born at Cranford, July 10, 
1886, daughter of Charles Leo Abry. of New 
York City; by whom two children: Van 
Rensselaer, born at Plainfield. New Jersey, 
April 29, 1905 : John .Arent, born at Plain- 
field, November 23, 1910. 

CUYLER REYNOLDS. 



42 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



This is an ancient and 
LIVINGSTON noble family of Scottish 

origin, more remotely de- 
scended from Leving, a Hungarian noble, 
who came to Scotland in the train of Mar- 
garet, queen of King Malcolm of Scotland, 
about 1068. This once powerful family of 
Livingston through their romantic attachment 
to a "lost cause" suffered a complete down- 
fall in Scotland, and is now represented in the 
female line only. Sir William de Livingston, 
foimder of the House of Callendar, served 
under Sir William Douglass at the siege of 
Sterling Castle in 1339. King David, son of 
Robert the I'.ruce, granted him the forfeited 
Callendar estates. Sir William afterward 
married the daughter and heiress of Sir Pat- 
rick de Callendar. In America the family 
name is an honored one. and above one of 
the dormer windows in the state capitol at 
Albany their armorial bearings are sculptured, 
a mark of public honor. The arms of the 
American family are the quartered arms of 
Livingston of Callendar and date back to 
the fourteenth century. Chancellor Living- 
ston stands chief among the chancellors of 
New York state and is honored with a bronze 
full figure statue in the state capitol. William 
Livingston was the famous "war governor" 
of New Jersey during the revolution. At 
the battles of Saratoga, eight Livingstons 
were in command of troops, three of them led 
their regiments at critical points of the bat- 
tles. The history of the family is a history 
of over a century and a half of the most 
exciting and important years of American 
life. The name is found everywhere in hon- 
orable position and all are descended from 
Robert Livingston whose line is traced here- 
in ; Robert Livingston, "the nephew," and 
James Livingston, whose descendants left the 
Hudson valley, settling in the Schoharie val- 
ley and along the upper Susquehanna. 

The immediate English ancestor is Rev. 
John Livingston, son of Rev. William Living- 
ston, minister of Lanark, Scotland. Rev. 
John Livingston was born at Kilsyth in Stirl- 
ingshire, Scotland, June 21, 1603, He was 
for a time chaplain to the countess of Wig- 
toun, and was shortly afterward installed over 
the church of Killinchie in Ireland. I>eing 
persecuted for non-conformity, he determined 
to emigrate to America, actually embarking 
for that puriiose in a vessel bound for Boston, 
but being driven back by contrary winds, he 
abanfloned his purpose and settled in 1638 at 
Stranraer in Scotland. In 1648 he removed 
to .Ancurm in Tevintdale, where his son Rob- 
ert was born. In March, 1650, he was sent 
as a commissioner to P.rede to negotiate terms 



for the restoration of Charles II. After that 
event the persecution against him being re- 
vived, he went to Rotterdam, Holland. Here 
he began to publish an edition of Bible which 
he did not live to complete. He died at Rot- 
terdam, Holland, in August, 1672. He mar- 
ried, at Edinburgh, in the West church. June 
23, 1635, Janet, eldest daughter of Bartholo- 
mew Fleming, of the old Scottish family of 
that name, of which the then head was the 
Earl of Wigton, who with his eldest son, 
Lord Fleming, was present at the wedding. 
She was born at Edinburgh, Scotland, No- 
vember 16, 1613, died at Rotterdam, Holland, 
February 13, 1693-94, and was buried in the 
French church in that city. Children, fifteen 
in number, all born in Scotland, except John, 
the eldest, who was born at Melton, Ireland, 
June 30, 1636. The youngest son, Robert, is 
the ancestor of the American family of Liv- 
ingston Manor. James, the ninth child, is 
the father of Robert Livingston, "the 
nephew". 

(The American Family), 
fl) Robert Livingston, youngest son and 
fourteenth child of Rev. John and Janet 
(Fleming) Livingston, was born at .\ncrum, 
Scotland, December 13, 1654, died October i, 
1728 (some authorities say at Boston, Massa- 
chusetts), and is buried in the family vault 
at Livingston Manor, town of Livingston, Co- 
lumbia county. New York, over which the 
Livingston Memorial church has been erected 
in recent years. It is supposed he accompa- 
nied his father to Holland as he was familiar 
with the Dutch language. He was eighteen 
years of age when his father died and he was 
left dependent upon his own resources for 
support. His thoughts naturally turned to 
the New \\\irld which his father had before 
him made an attemjit to reach. He returned 
to Scotland with his mother where he made 
but a short stay. April 28, 1672, he sailed 
from Grenock, Scotland, a passenger on the 
ship Catherine of Charlestown, Captain John 
Phillips, master, bound for Charlestown. New 
England. The exact date of his arrival in 
New England is unknown. He was soon, 
however, at New York, which was now under 
English control. Not being suited in New 
York, he proceeded to Albany, the next larg- 
est city in the colony and an important trad- 
ing point. His knowledge of the Dutch lan- 
guage here was of great advantage to him 
and he was appointed in February, 1676, sec- 
retary of the commissaries who then superin- 
tended the affairs of .-\lbany, Schenectady and 
adjacent territory, which office he held until 
July, 1686, when Albany being made a city, 
the board of commissaries was dissolved. He 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \*ALLEYS 



43 



was appointed with his brother-in-law, Peter 
Schuyler, to proceed to New York to obtain 
the charter of the city from Governor Don- 
^an, under which he was afterwards made 
town clerk, to which annexed the additional 
-office of farmer of the excise. He was also 
secretary for Indian affairs and collector of 
'Customs. 

As early as 1675 he became a lot owner in 
Albany, owning the lot at the corner of State 
and North Pearl street, where he lived until 
his removal to the Manor. On July 18, 1683, 
"he made a purchase of tracts along the east 
side of tlie Hudson containingg 2,000 acres 
of land from four Indian chiefs, a purchase 
which was later confirmed by Governor 
Thomas Dongan. 

His purchases were continued and on July 
26, 1686. Governor Dongan issued a patent 
■erecting a vast territory of not less than 125,- 
000 acres into a lordship and manor to be rec- 
ognized as the Lordship and Manor of Liv- 
ingston, the only requirement being the an- 
nual payment to the government of Great 
Britain of twenty-eight shillings sterling, to 
be paid at the city of Albany, March 25, of 
each succeeding year. The land included, 
•commenced about five miles north of the city 
■of Hudson, running twelve miles on the 
Hudson, extending back to the Massachusetts 
line, widening as it receded from the river, 
so as to embrace not less than twenty miles 
on the boundary of the latter colony. The 
patent allowed the proprietor the privilege of 
holding a court seat and court baron with the 
advowson and right of patronage of the church 
within the manor. The tenants also had the 
privilege of assembly together to choose as- 
sessors to defray the public charges of cities, 
counties, and towns within the manor, in the 
same manner as those within the province. 
It granted the riglit of fishing, hawking, hunt- 
ing, and fowling, the possession of mines, min- 
erals ( silver and gold mines excepted ) , and 
the right to fish in the Hudson along the 
boundary of said Manor. In 1715. however, 
the grant being confirmed by royal authority, 
the additional privilege of electing a repre- 
sentative to tlie general assembly of the col- 
ony and two constables were conferred upon 
the tenants. In 1710 more than 5.000 acres 
were taken to constitute a settlement for the 
Palatinates, which was called Germantown. 
This tract was purchased by the crown for 
this purpose, for the sum of 200 pounds sterl- 
ing. The Manor of Clermont, comprising 
about 13.000 acres was severed from the up- 
per manor by the will of Robert, the first lord 
of the Manor, and bequeathed to his youngest 
son, Robert (grandfather of Chancellor Liv- 



ingston), to reward him for having discov- 
ered and frustrated a plot which had been 
formed by negroes on the estate to murder 
all the whites. In 1689 the tide of prosperity 
turned and he became involved in the troubles 
with Leisler, taking sides as did most of the 
prominent families against the Dutch gover- 
nor. His party being beaten, he retired to 
one of the neighboring provinces probably to 
avoid the fury of his enemies. He made a 
trip to England during this period and 
brought back with him his nephew, Robert 
Livingston. His fortune ebbed and flowed 
alternately; in 1702 his estates were confis- 
cated and he was suspended from the council 
board. But the tide again turned in his favor, 
and February 2, 1703. he once more obtained 
possession of his estates and in September, 
1705, received from Queen Anne a commis- 
sion reinstating him in all his former appoint- 
ments. A mansion was erected on the Manor 
as early as 1692, but he did not reside there 
until 171 1. In that year he was elected a 
member of assembly from the city and county 
of .Albany, and in June, 1716, a representative 
from his Alanor. In 1718 he was chosen 
speaker of house of assembly, which position 
he retained until 1725, when ill-health com- 
pelled his retirement from public life. 

He married, July 9, 1679, in the Pres- 
byterian church at Albany. Alida. daugh- 
ter of Philip Pieterse Schuyler and his wife, 
Margarita Van Schlechtenhorst. only daugh- 
ter of the director of Rensselaerswyck and 
widow of Rev. Nicholas Van Rensselaer. She 
was born February 28. 1656. died March 27. 
1729. Children: i. Colonel John, born April 
26, 1680, died February 19, 1720: mar- 
ried (first), at New London, April i, 1701, 
Mary (died Jan. 8, 1713). only child of.Fitz 
John Winthrop. governor of Connecticut. He 
married (second) October, 1713. Elizabeth, 
daughter of Mrs. Sarah Knight, who died 
]\larch 17, 1735. No issue by either wife. 
2. Margaret, born December 5, 168 1 : married, 
December 20, 1700, Colonel Samuel \'etch, 
first English governor of Annapolis Royal. 
She died June, 1758. 3. Johanna Philippina, 
born February i, 1683-84, died January 24, 
1689-90. 4. Philip, of whom further. 5. Rob- 
ert, born July 24, 1688, died June 27. 1775. 
He was first proprietor of Clermont. He 
married, November 11, 1717, New York City, 
at the Reformed Dutch church, Margaret 
Howarden. 6. (lilbert (or Hubertus), born 
March 3, 1689, died April 25, 1746: married, 
December 22, 171 1. Cornelia Beekman. 7. 
William, born iSIarch 17, 1692, died Novem- 
ber 5, 1692. 8. Johanna, born December 10, 
1694; married Cornelius Gerrit \'an Home. 



44 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



9. Catherine, born May 22, 1698, died De- 
cember 6. 1699. 

(II) Philip (second lord of the Manor), 
second son and fourth child of Robert and 
Alida (Schuyler- Van Rensselaer) Livingston, 
was born July 9, 1686, died February 4, 
1748-49. He was named for his maternal 
grandfather, Philip Schuyler. He studied law 
and was admitted to the New York bar, De- 
cember 31, 1719. In the following year he 
was appointed one of the commissioners of 
Indian affairs and succeeded his father as 
secretary of that board. He was an appointed 
member of the legislative council, 1715, and 
the following year was despatched on a mis- 
sion to the French governor of Canada to 
prevent the French proceeding further with 
the erection of a fort at Niagara. On the 
death of his father he succeeded to the en- 
tailed and largest portion of the Manor estate 
and for many years the new lord of the Man- 
or took a prominent part in the political af- 
fairs of the province. His family connections 
and personal attractions made him a person 
of note in New York City, where '"he lived 
in a style of courtly magnificence". He be- 
came involved in a quarrel with Admiral 
George Clinton, the English governor of the 
province, who made serious charges against 
him and endeavored to have him dismissed 
from the council but failed, Philip holding the 
office and continued to take a leading part 
in the affairs of his native province until his 
death. His funeral was a most elaborate and 
expensive one and was the occasion of gen- 
eral comment. He married, September 19, 
1707, Catherine V'an P)rugh, baptized Novem- 
ber, 1689, died February 20, 1756, daughter 
of Peter and Sarah (Cuyler) \'an Brugh. Of 
their seven sons. Peter \'an Brugh, Philip "the 
signer," and \\'illiam, became prominent in 
the war of the revolution. The fourth son, 
John, was the only important member of 
the family who adhered to the king during 
the war for independence. Children, all bap- 
tized in Albany: i. Robert, of whom fur- 
ther. 2. Peter \'an Brugh. baptized Novem- 
ber 3, 1710, died 1793. He was a member 
of the committee of one hundred, 1775, a 
member of provincial congress, 1775, presi- 
dent of the same, 1775. and treasurer, 1776. 
He was a merchant of the city of New York. 
He married (first), Mary Alexander, (sec- 
ond), a widow, Mrs. Rickctts. Twelve chil- 
dren by first wife. 3. Peter, baptized April, 
1712, died young. 4. John, baptized April 11, 
1714, died 1788: married, December 3, 1742, 
Catherine, daughter of Abraham de Puyster 
and Margaret Van Cortlandt. 5. Philip, born 
January 15, 1716; member of committee of 



one hundred, 1775, president of the provincial 
convention, 1775 ; member of continental con- 
gress, 1774-78; signer of the Declaration of 
Independence, 1776; member of provincial 
congress, 1776-77. He died at York, Penn- 
sylvania, June 12, 1778. He married, April 
14, 1740, Christiana Ten Broeck, born Decem- 
ber 30, 1718, died June 29, 1801, daughter of 
Dirck Ten Broeck, recorder and mayor of 
Albany, and Margarita Cuyler. They were 
the parents of nine' children, of whom two 
served as officers in the war of the revolu- 
tion. 6. Henry, baptized April 5, 17 19, died 
in Jamaica, West Indies, February, 1772. 7. 
Sarah, baptized May 7, 1721, died October, 
1722. 8. William, born November 8, 1723, 
died at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, July 25, 
1790. He was a member of continental con- 
gress, 1774-76, brigadier-general New Jersey 
militia, 1775-76, governor of the state of New 
Jersey, 1776-90, signer of the federal consti- 
tution, 1777. He married, about 1745, Su- 
sanna, daughter of Philip and Susanna 
(Brockholst) French. She was baptized at 
New York, June 19, 1723, died at Elizabeth- 
town, New Jersey. July 17, 1789. They were 
the parents of thirteen children, one of whom, 
Sarah \'an Brugh, married John Jay. chief 
justice of the supreme court of the United 
States. Another daughter, Susanna, married 
John Cleve Symmes, of New Jersey, asso- 
ciate justice of the supreme court of New 
Jersey and a judge of the supreme court of 
the new Northwest Territory in 1786. 9. 
Sarah, baptized November 7, 1725 ; married, 
March i, 1748, William Alexander. Earl of 
Stirling, major-general in the continental 
army. His right to this title was never rec- 
ognized by the British government, but as a 
matter of courtesy he was always addressed 
during the war as Lord Stirling. She died' 
March. 1805. 10. Alida, baptized July 18, 
1728: married (first), September 26, 1750, 
Henry Hansen, of Harlem; married (second), 
Colonel Martin Hoffman, September 26, 1766. 
She died February, 1790. 11. Catherine, bap- 
tized Ajiril 18, 1733: married, April 18, 1759, 
John Lawrence, alderman of New York City. 
(Ill) Robert, third lord of the Manor, eld- 
est son of Philip and Catherine (\'an Brugh)- 
Livingston, was born in Albany, New York, 
December 16, 1708, died November, 1790. 
He inherited the vast estates entailed to the- 
eldest son, and although he filled no official 
position himself during the revolutionary war, 
he proved his loyalty to the cause by placing 
his iron mines and foundry at the disposal of 
the New York committee of safety. His 
seventy years, no doubt, was the cause of his 
not taking a more active part. He was elected" 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



45 



representative from his Manor to the twenty- 
iirst New York assembly, 1737, and during 
the next twenty years he sat uninterruptedly 
through seven general assemblies, returned at 
every election by the Manor Freeholders. 
"When the elections were being held for the 
twenty-eighth assembly he retired in favor of 
liis younger brother, William, then coming 
into prominence as a leader of the Presbyter- 
ian party. He married (first). May 20, 1731, 
]\Iaria, daughter of Walter Tong and grand- 
daughter of Rip \'an Dam, president of the 
council. He married (second), Gertrude, 
daughter of Killaen \'an Rensselaer, and his 
wife, Maria Van Cortlandt, and widow of 
Adonijah Schuyler, born October i, 1744. 
Children, all by first marriage: i. Catherine, 
born August 4, 1732, died in infancy. 2. 
Philip, born February 9, 1733, died unmar- 
ried April 3, 1756. 3. Sarah, born April 23, 
1735, died September 4, 1745. 4. Peter R., 
born April 27, 1737, died 1793: he was a 
member of the provincial convention, 1775, 
member of the provincial congress, 1775-76, 
president of provincial congress, 1776-77, 
member of assembly, 1780-81 ; colonel of mi- 
litia during the revolutionary war. He was 
the last of the representatives returned to 
to the New York assembly under the patent 
of 17 1 5 and with him ends the political his- 
tory of the old Colonial Manor of Livingston, 
which became by the new order of events ab- 
sorbed into the electoral district of Albany. 
He married Margaret Livingston. 5. Maria, 
born October 29, 1738. died May 6, 1821 ; 
married, October 21, 1759, James Duane, aft- 
erwards one of the New York delegates in the 
continental congress. 6. Walter, born No- 
vember 27, 1740, died May 14, 1797; he was 
a member of the provincial congress 1775, 
member of the assembly, 1777-78-79, speaker 
of the assembly, 1778, commission of United 
States treasury, 1785, deputy commissioner- 
general of the northern department. 1775. 
He married, in 1769, Cornelia, daughter of 
Peter and Gertrude (Schuyler) Schuyler. 
She was baptized July 26, 1746, died 1822. 
Walter Livingston built and resided in his 
mansion "Teviotdale" in Columbia county. 
New York. 7. Robert (better known as Rob- 
ert Cambridge, because he was a graduate of 
Cambridge University, and to distinguish him 
from numerous other Roberts), born Decem- 
ber 26, 1742, died August 23, 1794. He mar- 
ried, November 12, 1778, Alice, daughter of 
John Swift. 8. Catherine, born December 22, 
1744, died May. 1832; married, 1766, John 
Paterson. 9. Sarah, born February 16. 
1745-46, died May 11. 1749. 10. Alida. born 
December 15, 1747, died September, 1791 ; 



married Valentine Gardiner. 11. Margarita, 
born February 16, 1748, died June 22, 1749. 
12. John, of whom further. 13. Hendrick or 
1 leiiry, born January 8, 1752, died unmarried, 
May 16, 1823. 

(IV) John, twelfth child and fifth son of 
Robert and Maria (Tong) Livingston, was 
born at New York, February 11, 1749, died 
at Oak Hill, Columbia county, New York, 
October 24, 1822. He built the family man- 
sion. "Oak Hill," the only Livingston man- 
sion, except "Clermont," now owned by a Liv- 
ingston, and lived there the life of a country 
gentleman. He married (first). May 11, 1775. 
Rlary Ann, daughter of Jacob and Cornelia 
(Rutgers) LeRoy : married (second), Novem- 
ber 3, 1796, a kinswoman, Catherine, daugh- 
ter of \\'illiam Livingston, the "War Gover- 
nor of New Jersey," and widow of Matthew 
Ridley. Children, all by first marriage: i. 
Cornelia, born October 23, 1776; married 
Nicholas G. Rutgers. 2. Robert Le Roy, of 
Claverack, New York, born October 10, 1778; 
married Maria Diggs, of Washington, D. C. 
3. Jacob, of Cherry Valley, New York, born 
July 13, 1780: married (first), Catherine De 
Puyster ; married (second), Levantia White 
and had issue by both wives. 4. John G., born 
January 29, 1782, killed in a duel, unmarried. 
5. Child, born November 30, 1783. 6. Daniel, 
of New York City, born June 3, 1786; mar- 
ried Julia Oothout. 7. Philip Henry, born 
November 17, 1787. 8. Anthony Rutgers, of 
Tarrytown, New York, born .\pril 27, 1789; 
married Anna Hoffman. 9. Henry, of Clave- 
rack, New York, born September 2, 1791 ; 
married Ann Eliza \'an Ness. 10. Herman, 
of whom further. 

(V) Herman, son of John and Mary Ann 
(LeRoy) Livingston, was born August 2, 
1793. died May 9, 1872. He inherited "Oak 
Hill," where he maintained an open-handed 
hospitalitv for forty-five years until the death 
of his wife. He was a Republican and mem- 
ber of the Dutch Reformed church. He mar- 
ried Sarah Lawrence Hallett, who died Sep- 
tember 10, 1868. Children : John Henry, born 
September 8, 1822, died October 7, 1846; 
Cornelia, born February 29, 1S24, died Sep- 
tember 21, 1851, married Clermont Living- 
ston : Herman Tong, of whom further. 

(VI) Herman Tong, youngest child and 
second son of Herman and Sarah Lawrence 
(Hallett) Livingston, was born at "Oak Hill." 
Columbia county. New York, June 12, 1827, 
died October 20. 1899. He continued in the 
ownership and occupancy of "Oak Hill" and 
adjoining estates, bequeathing same to his son 
Herman, the present owner (1910). He was 
an active business man the most of his life. 



46 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



As a merchant and ship owner in New York 
City, first in the firm of Livinjiston & Croch- 
ero'n. owning a hne of steamers plying be- 
tween New York, New Orleans and Havana; 
later the head of the firm of Livingston, Fox 
& Company, when they added the Savannah to 
their line with the others. Their vessel, com- 
manded by Captain P.ullock, was the last to 
enter New Orleans before the war. It was 
seized by the rebel government and after- 
wards released by order of JetT Davis, on the 
grounds that they were not fighting private 
interests. Captain IJullock was formerly of 
the United States navy, but resigned and ac- 
cepted a position with this firm. Later joined 
the confederacy, and was sent to England, 
where later he fitted out the Florida and the 
Alabama. 

Herman T. Livingston spent the latter part 
of his life in his home on the Hudson. 
He was a strong Republican, and a member 
of the Episcopal church. He married. De- 
cember 6, 1853. Susan Bard, daughter of Ar- 
chibald and 'Anna (Pendleton) Rogers, of 
Hyde Park, New York. Children: Herman, 
of whom further; Edmund Pendleton, born 
September 21. 1857, died December 10, 1888; 
John Callendar, born May 8, 1862; Anna 
Pendleton, born January 6. 1866; Archibald, 
born November 23, 1868; Sarah, born Au- 
gust 22, 1 87 1. 

(MI) Herman (2). son of Herman Tong 
and Susan P.. (Rogers) Livingston, was born 
in New York City, June 24, 1856. He was 
educated in private schools in New York City, 
entered Yale university and w'as graduated 
A. M., class of 1879. He is now (1910) en- 
gaged in the operation of his oil properties in 
Virginia. His home is the old Livingston 
mansion at Oak Hill overlooking the Hudson, 
which was built by his grandfather. He is 
the fourth generation of the family to own 
and occujiy the fine old mansion. He is a 
Republican and has taken quite an interest in 
local politics, holding minor offices, attending 
state and county conventions as delegate, and 
was presidential elector when Harrison was 
defeated. 

He was married. November 9, 1882, to 
Emmeline C, daughter of Henry and Mary 
Elizabeth (Cornell) Hopkins. Children: i. 
Plerman. born .August 18. 1883: graduate of 
Williams College, now engaged in the insur- 
ance business in Boston ; married, .\pril 24, 
1909, Alga Kobbe. of New York. 2. Henry 
Hopkins, born February 5. 1887; graduate of 
Yale I'niversity, now engaged in the oil busi- 
ness in West Virginia. 3. Edmund Pendle- 
ton, born October 23, 1889, student at Yale 
University. 



The familv name of 
VAX ALSTYNE Van Alstyne is derivedl 
from the Dutch, and 
signifies from the old or high stone ; doubt- 
less those w'ho first bore the name dwelt 
upon the top of a rocky eminence, or near tcx 
some boulder which for years had been a 
prominent landmark among all the families- 
of that neighborhood. The early records- 
show that it was also spelled Van .Aelsteyn, 
Van Aalsteyn, \'an Alstyn, Van Alstein and 
Van Alstine; but in 1900 these forms were 
reduced to Van Alstine, Van Alstyne and Al- 
styn. one family having eliminated the Dutch 
prefix. 

It is claimed with reason, following the 
preserved records in Holland, that the fam- 
ily may be traced back to the year 936. at 
the crowning of Otho. The family name 
first appears under the name of Ralsko, which 
it abandoned in order to take that of War- 
temberg, which it bore for several centuries. 
Jean Ralsko, who died in Flanders in 1236, 
had built there the Chateau de \\'aldstein. the 
name of which he took to distinguish himself 
from his brother, who bore that of Wartem- 
berg. The family has been traced under the 
name of Balstein in Spain, \'allenstein in 
France, Halsteyn in Flanders and \"an Al- 
stein in Holland. From Waldstein. the name 
changed to Wallenstein, Walstein, \'alstein, 
and finally became Van Alstein. Those who 
located in Flanders were loyal to the church 
of Rome, and those living in Holland allied 
themselves to the Reformation of Martin 
Luther, and displayed the courage of their 
convictions. Those who came to America 
have particularly demonstrated their courage 
of independent thought and action, and were 
w^ell represented in the war of American in- 
dependence as well as in the civil war. In- 
variably they have been men of middle ground, 
neither acquiring vast riches nor suffering 
poverty, freed both from the worries of life 
and the cares of wealth. In the same meas- 
ure they have been prominent in politics and 
religion, as well as the professions. 

(I) The progenitor of the family in .Amer- 
ica was Jan Martense \^an .Vlstyne, son of 
Marten \'an .Alstyne, of Holland. There is 
record of his being in New Amsterdam (New 
York City), as early as 1646, where one 
finds an entry on the date December 11, 1646, 
being a bill of sale, Thomas Hall and Jan 
Peterson to Hendrick Jansen and Jan Alar- 
tense, of a yacht. It is not known just how 
long he remained in that place; but he is re- 
corded, in 1657, as owning a lot in .Albany, 
on the east side of Broadway and north of 
Columbia street, which he held as late as 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



47 



1693, and in the meantime had become pat- 
entee of two tracts of land in Ulster county. 
He likewise purchased a large tract of land 
"behind" Kinderhook, New York, not many 
miles from Albany. This became the real 
home of the family, and the locality was then 
given the name because in the Dutch it sig- 
nified "Children's Point," thought to have 
been bestowed because of the great number 
of Indian children who ran out on the point 
of land the better to observe Hudson pass 
in his "Half Aloon," or else because the In- 
dians living there had an unusual number 
of children in their families. The first pro- 
prietor resided there until his death, about 
1698, and the land continued for more than 
two centuries in the possession of the de- 
scendants of his son, Abraham, to whom he 
conveyed the farm in 1695, conditioned on 
his paying the other heirs certain sums of 
money as provided explicitly. He married 
Dirckje Harmense, a woman endowed with 
all the characteristics necessary to make her 
a fitting helpmate for a pioneer husband. 
Children : Marten : Abraham ; Lambert, see 
forward : Isaac, and possibly others. 

(II) Lambert Janse, son of Jan Martense 
and Dirckje (Harmense) Van Alstyne, emi- 
grated to this country in 1665, and settled 
in Kings county, but no record has been 
found of his birth. About 1684 he came into 
possession of a tract of land lying on the 
east side of Kinderhook creek, and adjoining 
the lands of his father. This he acquired by 
purchase of the patent, or lease, from the 
heirs of Peter \'an Alen. He held it until 
his death, wdiich occurred October 13, 1703. 
About 1682 he married Jannetje, daughter of 
Thomas and Marritje Abrahamse (\'os- 
burgh) Mingael, she and her husband being 
first cousins, once removed, as her father and 
her husband were first cousins. There is no 
record of her birth ; but she was doubtless 
much younger than he, for following his de- 
mise, she married. February 2, 1713, Jochem 
Lambertse \'an \'alkenburgh and had five 
sons. As all their children excepting the first 
born were baptized in Kinderhook, it is safe 
to believe that the eldest was born in Kings 
county. New York, and all the others after 
his removal, about 1684, in Kinderhook. Chil- 
dren : Catharine, born about 1683, married 
Bartholomeus \'an \"alkenburgh ; Marritje, 
baptized December 27, 1685 ; Thomas, bap- 
tized August 22, 1688, see forward : Johan- 
nes, baptized August 11, 1691 ; Dirckje, bap- 
tized May 26, 1695. married Peter Vosburgh ; 
Antje, baptized January 16, 1698, died young; 
Annetje. baptized July 28, 17CXD; Pieter, bap- 
tized August 9, 1702. 



(HI) Thomas, son of Lambert Janse and 
Jannetje Mingael, Van Alstyne. was baptized 
in Kinderhook, New York, August 22, 1688. 
On the death of his father in 1703. he came 
into possession of the homestead lying along 
Kinderhook creek, adjacent to the farm of 
his grandfather, the pioneer settler. He was 
a member of the Dutch church of Muitzeskill, 
where were baptized most of his offspring, 
although one of them, Maria, was baptized 
in Albany. In 1752 he bought a tract of land 
in the district of Claverack, described in the 
records kept at Hudson, New York, as lying 
between the Claverack and Kinderhook 
creeks. His will, dated November 15, 1760,. 
and on file in Albany, devises the farm oc- 
cupied by William, and his big gun to that 
son, provided that he pay off the debt on it 
amounting to one hundred pounds, and di- 
vided his property among five children after 
providing for the support of his wife during 
life, and to Peter his bouwery or whole farm, 
with all belongings thereto, provided that he 
pay his brother, Lambert, four hundred 
pounds in current money within six years of 
the testator's death. He died in August, 1765, 
at Kinderhook. He married, December 12, 
1718, Maria Van Alen. She was baptized 
June 21, 1695, ''"d was the daughter of Wil- 
liam and Alarritje (Van Patten) Van Alen. 
Children : Jannetje, baptized March 6, 1720, 
died young ; William, baptized December 10, 
1721, see forward; Lambert, baptized October 
4, 1724, married (first) Alida Conyn, mar- 
ried (second) Aletteka Osterhout ; Maria,, 
baptized September 10, 1727, died young; 
Catharine, baptized January 17, 1731, mar- 
ried Petrus Hoffman : Maria, baptized No- 
vember 18, 1733, married Dr. Johannes Pat- 
terson; Pieter, baptized May 16, 1736, mar- 
ried Marritje Conyn, 

(IV) William, son of Thomas and Maria 
( \'an Alen) \'an Alstyne, was baptized in 
Muitzeskill. December 10, 1721. In 1752 he 
and his wife were members of the Dutch 
church of Kinderhook, He probably settled 
upon the farm which had just come into pos- 
session of his father by purchase of the patent 
from John \'an Rensselaer, and which was 
bequeathed to him outright on his father's 
death, situate between Kinderhook and Clav- 
erack creeks. One or two records are of in- 
terest. On May i, 1772, he leased a house, 
shop and a fulling mill, with dam and two 
acres, to Thomas Avery, and as much wood 
as he required for burning. In August, 1791, 
he bought a farm in Hillsdale from John 
Collier. A document bearing date October 
19' 1793- deeds a negro boy named Tom to- 
his son, Lawrence. July 12, 1799, he sold 



48 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



to the same son the farm he had bought of 
Nicholas and Philip Hoffman a few years 
before. He was commissioned a captain in 
Colonel Jeremiah Hogeboom's regiment, 
which served in the revolutionary war ; his 
commission, signed by Governor Cadwalader 
Colden, preserved by the Holland Society, 
bears date Ajiril 4, 1770. He died May 
22, 1802, and his tombstone was found 
a century later on the farm which he had 
bought from the Hoffmans. He married 
(first) in 1744, Christina \'an Alen, who was 
"baptized June 16, 1723, daughter of Steph- 
anas and Mary (Muller) \'an Alen, by 
whom he had five children; married (second) 
September 17, 1762, Catharine Knickerbocker, 
who was baptized October 19, 1731, daughter 
of Lawrence and Catharine (Van Home) 
Knickerbocker, by whom he had four chil- 
•dren. Children: Maria, baptized March 23, 
1745, married Richard Esselstyn ; Hilletje, 
baptized January 25, 1746, died young; Jan- 
netje, baptized February 29, 1749, married 
William Winne, Jr.; Albertina, born in 1754, 
married John DeForest ; Thomas, born Feb- 
ruary 18, 1765, see forward; Lawrence, born 
June 22, 1767, married Mary Murdock ; Wil- 
liam, born January 31, 1770, married Maria 
Vosburgh ; Mary, born January 6, 1773, mar- 
ried John Leggett. 

(V) Thomas (2), son of William and Cath- 
arine (Knickerbocker) Van Alstyne, was bom 
February 18, 1765. In the Columbia county 
records, under date of May 7, 1795, it is 
stated that he and his wife, together with 
other ownership claimants, deeded the farm 
which was apparently the property of the first 
Thomas \'an Alstyne secured from John Van 
Rensselaer in 1752, to Thomas Goldthwait. 
He died September 10, 1838. He married 
Mabel Butler, born January 3, 1768, died Jan- 
uary 10, 1832, daughter of Ezekiel and Ma- 
bel (Jones) Butler. Her father displayed so 
much zeal in the American cause for liberty 
that the British offered a reward for his head, 
dead or alive, and it is probable that he died 
before the close of hostilities because he was 
privately buried for fear that his body would 
be disinterred for the sake of the reward. 
Mabel Butler was a lineal descendant of Col- 
onel John Jones, one of the regicides of 
Charles the First, whose wife was Henrietta 
Cromwell, sister of Oliver Cromwell. Chil- 
dren: I. William, born November 12, 1791 ; 
married Polly Ostrander ; died October 12, 
1867. 2. Maria, married February 14, 1815, 
Martin Barton. 3. Catharine, married, March 
13, 1819, Scovil Martin. 4. Thomas Butler, 
born July 27, 1797, see forward. 5. John 
Thomas, born September 28, 1800; married, 



Februarj' 8, 1826, Jane Ackerman ; died Feb- 
ruary 10, 1876. 6. Temperance, born in 1802, 
died October 29, 1877. 7. Jane, born March 
4, 1805 ; married, December 27, 1827, Dr. 
Levi B. Skinner; died December 18, 1886. 8. 
Lawrence, born February 16, 1807; married, 
March 28, 1829, Eliza Van Hoesen ; died 
Januar)- 18, 1835. 9. Sally, married John 
Van Bramer. 10. Ezekiel Butler, born No- 
vember 6, 181 1. II. Louisa, born Novem- 
ber 2^, 1813; married, December 14, 1839, 
Rev. Nicholas Van Alstine ; died February 
II, 1871. 

(\T) Dr. Thomas Butler Van Alstyne, son 
of Thomas (2) and Mabel (Butler) Van Al- 
styne, was born in Ghent, Columbia county, 
New York, July 27, 1797. He was a well- 
known physician of Richmondville, Schoharie 
county. New York. Having completed 
a common school education, he began as a 
clerk in a general merchandise store in Hud- 
son, but not finding this occupation at all 
congenial to his tastes, he prepared for the 
profession of his real choice, that of medi- 
cine, commencing his studies under Dr, 
Samuel White of the same place, then grad- 
uated from the Fairfield Medical College in 
]8i8. and, following his advice, located the 
following year at Richmondville, where he 
continued to practice for over forty years. 
He met with considerable success, and be- 
came widely known in that section, and 
although often summoned elsewhere for con- 
sultation in critical cases and oft'ered a medi- 
cal college professorship, he favored his work 
and declined. He was a forceful advocate 
of the abolition of slavery and not only prac- 
ticed but frequently preached abstinence from 
intoxicants as a beverage. He died Octo- 
ber 26, 1867. Dr. Van Alstyne married, Au- 
gust ID, 1820, Eliza Shepard Giles, born Oc- 
tober 28, 1799, died May 13, 1877. Children: 
I. Jane Ann, born May 22, 182 1 ; married, 
October 8, 1839, Rev. Joseph Kingsley Bar- 
ry ; died December 4, 1853. 2. Thomas W., 
born December 12, 1822, died April 25, 1825. 
3. Thomas Jefferson, born July 25, 1827, see 
forward. 4. Sylvester Memford, born Feb- 
ruary 28, 1833 ; married. July 9. 1855, Cyn- 
thia E. Whitney: died October 28, 1882. ' 5. 
Fayette Edgar, born June 15, 1837, died Sep- 
tember 30, 1905 ; married, August 19, 1857, 
Rose M. Markel. 6. John Lawrence, born 
Octoljer 8, 1840 ; married, October 8, 1868, 
Carrie A. Shults. 7. Mary Eliza, born March 
18, 1846; married, November 7, 1873, J. Les- 
lie Multer. 

(VH) Hon. Thomas Jefferson \'an .Al- 
styne, son of Dr. Thomas Butler and Eliza 
Shepard (Giles) Van Alstyne, was born in 





y%<^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



49 



Richmondville, Schoharie county. New York, 
July 25, 1827, where his father was then a 
practicing physician. He first studied at the 
pubhc schools, until, by his natural inclina- 
tion for serious application and a strong de- 
sire for knowledge, he had prepared him- 
self thoroughly for a higher education. At 
the age of thirteen, while visiting the house 
of his brother-in-law, a Baptist in Cayuga 
county, he conceived the purpose of acquir- 
ing an education which should fit him to make 
his own mark in the world, so he entered the 
Moravia Academy. After that he completed 
his preparation for college by attending 
Hartwick Seminary. With six of his com- 
panions he matriculated at Hamilton College, 
from which he was graduated in 1848, re- 
ceiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts, and 
in 185 1 that of Master of Arts. In the 
college course his class standing was good, 
and he excelled especially in mathematics. 
'So assiduous was he at this age. on entering 
upon maturity, that he applied himself at the 
same time to a course in law, under instruc- 
tion from Professor Theodore W. Dwight, 
who subsequently became eminent in the law 
department of Columbia College. After grad- 
uation he entered the law office of Harris 
& Van Vorst of Albany, then a well-known 
legal firm of the Capital city. By diligent 
attention to the business of this office, he 
was enabled, with his knowledge of the prin- 
ciples of law which he had previously ac- 
quired, to pass a most satisfactory examina- 
tion before the close of the year, the exam- 
ining committee for the court consisting of 
Hon. John H. Reynolds, Hon. John K. Por- 
ter and Orlando Meads. He was admitted 
on March 6, 1848, and continued his studies 
in the same law office until the year 1850, 
when he opened his own office, continuing 
to practice alone until 1853, when he formed 
a partnership with Matthew McMahon, which 
association continued through four years. In 
1858 Mr. Van Alstyne formed a partnership 
with Mr. Winfield Scott Hevenor, of Al- 
bany, and had its office in the Douw Build- 
ing, Broadway and State street, until the 
death of Mr. Van Alstyne. 

His political life was notable. He was ever 
a Democrat of the staunchest kind. He was 
elected judge of Albany county in 1871, and 
presided for twelve years. He was elected 
congressman in 1882. after a hard-fought 
contest in the political arena, where his foren- 
sic powers shone brilliantly and his sturdi- 
ness of character combined with a manly posi- 
tiveness won for him a notable victory. The 
city was at that time considerably stirred in 
politics. . The mayoralty contest of that pe- 



riod, Swinburne vs. Nolan, will remain in 
local history as a political battle waged with 
fearful animosity and an unpleasant degree 
of venom exhibited on both sides. On tak- 
ing his seat in the forty-eighth congress, he 
was appointed a member of the committee 
on claims, and also on the committee on 
expenditures of the department of justice. He 
was credited with being thoroughly attentive 
to his duties as the public's representative, 
and his term will be remembered by his con- 
stituents as one giving abundant satisfaction 
to political friends and foes alike, for he arose 
above his party strife once he was elected. 
His party renominated him at the end of two 
years : but the dissension in his party pre- 
vented his chance for being elected, and his 
opponent. Dr. John Swinburne, known as the 
"Fighting Doctor," with an enormous follow- 
ing among the poor, was chosen. He was 
nominated for mayor of Albany and elected 
November 2, 1897, and served from Janu- 
ary I, 1898, to 1900. He had as opponents 
General Selden E. Marvin, Hon. George H. 
Stevens, Robert H. Moore and George Du 
Bois. His vote was 8,172; that of General 
Marvin, 6,014, and of George H. Stevens, 
6,012. 

He was a Mason of prominence, associated 
with the fraternity for many years and when 
a young man actively concerned in all its 
affairs, officiating frequently on committees 
because of the value of the services he could 
render through able advice. Entered Mount 
\'ernon Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
October 4, 1855 ; Master Mason, November 
19, 1855 ; master, 1858-61 ; marshal. 1865. 
He was a prominent member of the Emman- 
uel Baptist Church, and a life member of the 
Young Men's Association, in which he had 
shown great concern, as his interest seemed 
to center naturally in the welfare of young 
men of the city. Often he found it a pleas- 
ure to converse and consult with them, and 
in this particular trait his genial character 
was seen at its ver>' best. He was a member 
of The Albany Institute and one of the most 
aggresive in the movement which resulted in 
the combination of the two bodies forming 
the Albany Institute and Historical and Art 
Society. As a trustee he was the most reg- 
ular of all upon the board in attending meet- 
ings and his keen interest was felt decisively. 
Whenever discussion of important business 
showed tendency to delay, he was ready be- 
fore the tabling of a motion with a resolu- 
tion, in which he forcefully, cogently and 
sagaciously pointed the solution, thus bring- 
ing matters to a direct issue by his terse 
amendment, uttered in phraseology as one 



50 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



would present salient features of a legal brief. 

Judge \"an Alstyne was fond of travel, and 
was wont to bring back with him rare sou- 
venirs of countries visited, and in this way 
nia(Je a collection of rare, old china. Friend- 
ly intercourse with him was a source of pleas- 
ure, as his intellectuality lent a decided charm 
and made the moments pass worthily. He 
was a man of unusually large physique, 
broad-shouldered, and giving an appearance 
of unusual strength throughout his bearing. 
His features bore the stamp of ruddy health ; 
his eyes were ever bright and sparkling as 
with ready wit actuating his thoughts, and 
he walked with a firm, elastic step, which 
was a noticeable characteristic. 

Mr. \'an Alstyne died at his home, No. 289 
State street, in the early morning of October 
26, 1903, of heart failure. He had never 
missed regular attendance at his office until 
that time and in all sorts of weather might 
have been seen taking his afterncxjn recrea- 
tion in driving about the country roads, a 
habit which no doubt gave him his large 
share of health. So soon as Mayor Gaus re- 
ceived intelligence of the death, he ordered 
that the flags on the City Hall, police stations, 
schools and fire houses be lowered, and the 
first to call a meeting for action on his de- 
mise was the Philip Livingston Chapter, Sons 
of the Revolution. The Fort Orange Club, 
of which he was charter meinber, lowered 
its flag, and the Albany Institute and His- 
torical and Art Society held a special meeting 
that afternoon. The Albany County Bar As- 
sociation assembled in the supreme court on 
October 29, President William P. Rudd in 
the chair, and an address was delivered by 
Judge D. Cady Herrick, a hfe-long friend, 
while the committee prepared resolutions. He 
said in part: "My acquaintance with him 
dates back to the time when, after I began 
the practice of law, I became located in an 
adjoining office, where I had excellent op- 
portunity to study his remarkable personalitv, 
and up to the time of his death our relations 
were always close and sometimes intimate. 
Eminence in his profession did not fill the 
measure of his honorable ambition. He ref>- 
resented his home constituency in the Legis- 
lative halls of the Nation, and as the crown- 
ing event of his political career, rendered 
efficient service to his fellow citizens as their 
chief magistrate. Honest and faithful in the 
discharge of every trust, public or private, 
attentive and conscientious in the performance 
of every duty, official or self-imposed, his in- 
tegrity was manifest at all times and in all 
places, and on every occasion. He was strong 
mentally, strong morally, and strong physic- 



ally — there was no hypocrisy in his nature, 
and as time rolled on and I grew to under- 
stand him better, I liked him more. A pe- 
culiarity in his nature which no doubt many 
of you have observed, wjnen we were assem- 
bled here on such sad occasions as this, was- 
the tenderness with which he spoke in mem- 
ory of those with whom he had had many 
conflicts in life. In private life, a man of 
domestic habits, literary tastes and scholarly 
attainments, a student of books and a lover 
of nature. In his conversation and public 
utterances he was frank and candid, adopting 
the honest and forcible manner of stating 
plain truths rather than the methods of po- 
lite insincerity. He was a good citizen and 
neighbor, an affectionate husband and pa- 
rent, and a true friend." Mayor Gaus and 
the heads of departments of city government 
assembled previous to the funeral and drew 
up resolutions. 

Judge Van Alstyne married (first), A1-' 
bany, September 3, 185 1, Sarah, born Feb- 
ruary 29, 1832, died September 25, 1859, 
daughter of Reuel Clapp, of the Albany firm 
of Clapp & Townsend, and Sarah (Coon) 
Clapp, of Dorchester, Massachusetts. Mar- 
ried (second) N. Louisa Peck, of Albany, 
born July 14, 1842, died November 12, 1884, 
daughter of Samuel S. and Eliza M. (Col- 
lum) Peck. Married (third) February 17, 
1886, Laura Louisa, daughter of William 
and Lydia (Van Derbilt) Wiirdemann, of 
Washington, D. C, the former of whom was 
a prominent manufacturer of astronomical and 
mathematical instruments. Children of first 
wife: I. Thomas Butler, born June 3, 1852; 
married. May 7, 1879, .\nna Richards, of 
Washington, D. C, daughter of Lysander and 
Content (Clapp) Richards. 2. Charles Ed- 
win, born July 18. 1855, died July 10, 1858. 
Child of third wife: 3. William Thomas, 
born July 28. 1887: educated in .\lbany .\cad- 
emy and Yale University, graduating in class 
of 1910, after which he entered Columbia 
Law School of New York Citv. 



The family name of Sanders 
S.VXDFRS is to be found in English rec- 
ords earlier than the year 
1500, where it is also frequently spelled Saun- 
ders ; but those who have taken special in- 
terest in following the history of the branch 
of the family which came among the early 
settlers to America, declare that it is an al- 
teration or abbreviation by the Hollanders for 
the .Scottish name .Mexander, whence they 
originally emigrated, going first to Holland 
at the time of religious persecution. The 
name is derived from the Greek, and signi- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



51 



fies an aider or benefactor of men, from 
the words meaning "to aid" and "man." It 
betokens a powerful auxiliary. If derived 
from the somewhat similar surname, Sand 
or Sands, it would then signify sense, or wit. 
The Sanders Arms — Shield : Sable, a chev- 
ron ermine, between three bull's heads, ca- 
bossed, argent. Crest : A demi-bull erased, 
gules. 

The family occupied a prominent position 
before coming to this country, and the rec- 
ords show that the men were not alone thor- 
oughly educated, but possessed a determina- 
tion of character which could lead them to 
suffer death for a cause in which they believed 
themselves to be in the right. Laurence San- 
ders, who died a martyr, was the son of 
Thomas Sanders, of Harrington, Siebertoft, 
Northamptonshire, England, by his wife, 
Margaret Carr, daughter of Richard Carr. 
He was elected in 1538 from Eaton, Scholar 
of King's College, Cambridge, and graduated 
B..^. in 1541 ; M.A., in 1544, and later, it is 
said, became B.D. 

Laurence Sanders was cited to appear be- 
fore the vicar-general for having married 
March, 1553-54. He was born in Oxford- 
shire, where his father owned considerable 
land. He entered holy orders toward the 
end of the reign of Edward VL and became 
one of the famous preachers of the earliest 
Reformation period. While fearless in de- 
nouncing the corruption of the men who pro- 
fessed to represent the pure principles of the 
ancient Christian church, he was not one of 
the class of preachers who disgust the 
thoughtful by violence and religious hysteria. 
He was summoned before the crown authori- 
ties on trumped-up charges, and when it was 
found that he fearlessly continued his work 
and preached for reformation, he was im- 
prisoned and finally burned in Coventry in 
1555- His widow and his son and daughter 
escaped to Holland. Reliance is placed in 
this line of descent because the coat-of-arms 
on an ancient tablet in AUhallows Church in 
London is identical witii that on old pieces 
of silver and other family heirlooms handed 
down in the Sanders family in this country. 

(I) Thomas Sanders was the progenitor of 
this family in America. He was a silversmith 
in Amsterdam. Holland, and it is on record 
that he was in this country in 1640, for he 
married Sarah Cornelise Van Gorcum in New 
Amsterdam (New York City) in December, 
1639. He received a patent from Kieft, the 
Dutch governor, for a house and twenty-five 
morgens of land on Manhattan Island : but 
in 1654 removed to Beverwyck, where he 
bought a house and lot, which he sold later 



on to Jan Van Aecken. It is probable that 
he returned to New Amsterdam. Children: 
Robert, baptized in New Amsterdam, Novem- 
ber 10, 1641, see forward; Cornells, baptized 
in New Amsterdam, November 25, 1643; Cor- 
nells, baptized in New Amsterdam, Novem- 
ber 17, 1644; Thomas, baptized in New Am- 
sterdam, July 14, 1647. ■^^■as a lx)lter of New 
York, and his children were born there, name- 
ly : Robert, October 4, 1696; Styntjc, De- 
cember 26, 1697; Robert, January i, 1700; 
Jacob, October 19, 1701 ; Elsje, October 27, 
1703: .'\nneke, January 30, 1706; Maritje, 
May 13. 1708; Jacob, June 9, 1712; Beatrix, 
September 25, 1715. 

(II) Robert, son of Thomas and Sarah 
Cornelise (Van Gorcum) Sanders, was bap- 
tized in New Amsterdam, November 10, 1641. 
He attained considerable prominence as a 
man of wealth and through his dealings with 
the Indians in public matters. He was a 
great land owner before his death. He came 
to Beverwyck, (Albany, New York), before 
1654, with his father. In 1667 he was a 
silversmith, as his father was before him, 
probably serving apprenticeship under his gui- 
dance, and in 1692 was a merchant. He was 
admitted a "Freeman" in 1698. 

Robert Sanders acted an invaluable part in 
the colonists' dealings with the Indians, and 
the Dutch settlers always gave him a most 
prominent part because they realized his abil- 
ity to transact matters amicably. Whenever 
there was a disturbance the inhabitants relied 
on him to take a major share in bringing 
peace out of threatening trouble. When, on 
Julv I, 1689, authentic news reached Albany 
that \\'illiam and Mary had succeeded to the 
throne of England, Mayor Pieter Schuyler 
called a meeting of the council, and it was 
voted to proclaim their majesties without de- 
lay. The proclamation was made at the fort 
in English and Dutch, amid the firing of 
cannon. All went well for the space of near- 
ly a month, when there was a rumor that 
Jacob Leisler intended to establish authority 
over the city, and to turn out the officials. 
War was proclaimed between England and 
France, and a convention was held m Aliiany 
on August I, to consider the situation so as 
to prepare. Fifty persons were required, each 
to hang a gun, powder and balls in the church, 
and new palisades were erected to keep out 
the* enemy expected to come from Canada, 
where the French had their strongholds. 
There was great excitement. Men were sent 
out to procure fighters, and Robert Sanders 
was selected to enlist Indians along the Hud- 
son river and at Esopus to serve as scouts, 
knowing the trail to the north. A subscrip- 



52 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



tion provided pay for one hundred men, and 
only three hundred and sixty-seven pounds, 
English money, was pledged. A few months 
later it was announced that "ambassadors 
from Onondaga and Oneida" were on their 
way to Albany, desiring to be heard in con- 
vention so as to determine on which side the 
Five Nations were to be allied, and at the 
Indian council to be held it was necessary for 
somebody of ability to come and represent the 
province. It was decided that some of the 
wisest Mohawks should represent the city in 
conjunction with Robert Sanders, because he 
understood the language and could act as a 
fair interpreter. 

In iCigo, Robert Sanders and Colonel Pieter 
Schuyler were commissioned to attend an- 
other important council of the Five Nations, 
which should decide about the return of all 
prisoners taken to France. On February 8, 
1693, .\lbany was startled by the report that 
the French had fallen on the Mohawk cas- 
tles, and Lieutenant Johannes Schuyler was 
despatched to Schenectady with a troop of 
cavalry ; but Albany could not spare any 
quantity of its soldiers as it feared attack 
from the French who designed to take the 
city as part of the program to capture the 
province for France. Lieutenant Sanders was 
sent out with Lieutenant Schuyler to locate 
the enemy and reported that they had oc- 
cupied the two lower villages. Major In- 
goldesby sent several hundred men to Al- 
bany, who proceeded to Schenectady, and 
Governor Fletcher arrived there with two 
hundred and eighty men from New York. In 
this campaign the French lost thirty-three, 
with twenty-six wounded, and were driven 
back to Montreal. 

Robert Sanders acquired land a mile square 
in Dutchess county, the tract including the 
site of Poughkeepsie. Governor Thomas 
Dongan on June 2, 1688. issued a patent of 
confirmation to Colonel Pieter Schuyler, the 
first mayor of Albany, for two tracts on the 
east side of the Hudson river, for which a 
patent had been previously granted by Gov- 
ernor Lovelace, tlie first being just south of 
the Livingston Manor : the second, a long 
reach on the Hudson bounded on the south 
and east by Wappinger creek, and Colonel 
Schuyler sold the tract on the long reach, Au- 
gust 30, 1699, to Robert Sanders and Myn- 
dert Harmense (Van der Piogert), who owned 
the tract adjoining north, on which site the 
city of Poughkeepsie now stands. 

That Robert Sanders also acquired other 
important tracts at other localities in New 
Netherland is shown by the following peculiar 
record signed by Harmen Vedder at Albany, 



August 21, 1670: "Appeared before me, Lu- 
dovicus Cobes, Secretary of Albany, etc., in 
the presence of the honorable Heeren com- 
missaries, etc., Mr. Jan \'erbeeck and Mr. 
Abraham Staats, Herman Vedder, who de- 
clares that in true right, free ownership, he 
grants, conveys and by these presents makes 
over, to and for the behoof of Robert San- 
ders, the half of the land called Stone Arabia 
with all his title thereto, free and unencum- 
bered, with no claims standing or issuing 
against the same, save the lord's right, with- 
out the grantor's making the least pretension 
thereto any more, also acknowledging that he 
is fully paid and satisfied therefor, the first 
penny with the last, by the hands of Robert 
Sanders, and therefore giving plenam action- 
em cessam and full powers to said Robert 
Sanders, his heirs and successors or assigns, 
to do with and dispose of said portion of land 
as he might do with his patrimonial estate 
and effects." 

Robert Sanders married Elsje Barentse. 
Children: i. Helena, born June 23, 1674; 
married, September 20, 1704, Johannes Lan- 
sing, born January i, 1675. died August 10, 
1771, son of Gerrit and Elsje (Van Wyth- 
horst) Lansing. 2. Barent, born IMay 8, 1678; 
see forward. 3. Maria, married, >Jovember 
24, 1689, Gerrit Roseboom, son of Hendrick 
Janse Roseboom, who was sexton of the 
Dutch church before 1674. 4. Sara, married 
Hendrick Greefraadt. 5. Elsje, baptized July 
13, 1683: buried December 31, 1732; married 
Evert Wendell, Jr., born in 1660, son of Evert 
Janse Wendell, who came from Emden, Hol- 
land. 

(Ill) Barent, son of Robert and Elsje (Ba- 
rentse) Sanders, was born May 8, 1678, bur- 
ied in the old Dutch church, June 22, 1738. 
It was during his lifetime that the ancient 
Glen-Sanders house at Scotia, Schenectady 
county. New York, was built, which became 
the Sanders homestead for six generations, in 
fact, it was erected when he was thirty-five 
years old, in 1713. This house but replaced 
the older, almost upon or near the same site, 
and of the self-same material, but half a 
century later. It is, in 19 10, in admirable 
condition throughout, and attracts visitors 
daily to it despite the fact that it is at least 
a mile from the city of Schenectady. The 
original mansion was built about 1659 by Al- 
exander Lindsey Glen, founder of that family 
in America, who was one of the original 
"Fifteen Proprietors" of Schenectady. He 
was born about 1610, near Inverness, Scot- 
land, and when he crossed to Holland because 
of religious persecution, the Dutchmen called 
him Sander Leendertse. He was a partisan 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



53 



in the days of Charles I, and had to flee to 
Holland to protect himself, where he was 
warmly received. He later emigrated with 
his wife, Catherine Dongan (Catalyn Doncas- 
sen), and the early Dutch settlers to New 
Netherland. He was a man of liberal educa- 
tion, which he received in Scotland, and pos- 
sessed a large fortune ; was typical in physique 
and temperament of his native heath, and was 
known as a strong man. He was the agent 
of the Dutch West India Company at Fort 
Nassau on the Delaware river, in 1643, and 
in 1646 was granted land at Graves End 
on Long Island. In 1658 he removed to Sche- 
nectady, where he commenced building his 
stone mansion. 

This was the first house built upon the 
north bank of the Mohawk river for the 
entire one hundred and thirty-five miles of 
its length. It was constructed close to the 
water's edge and against the side of a steep 
slope leading to the broad, sandy plateau on 
which the village of Scotia stands. It was 
located about three-quarters of a mile west 
of the old Glenville bridge leading across the 
Mohawk to Schenectady. Herein for genera- 
tions were deposited important colonial docu- 
ments. It stood about one hundred feet south 
of the present Sanders edifice, and had to be 
taken down because each spring the high wat- 
er was an inconvenience and a serious men- 
ace, so in 1713 much of the same material 
was used in the construction of the one now 
occupied by the Sanders family, and the in- 
roads of the river have obliterated even the 
outline of where stood the foundations, fill- 
ing the same in with silt. Between the two 
sites was the place where the Indians en- 
joAcd burning their white victims at the stake. 
On the flats to the east the savages grew their 
corn, as set forth in the title as their '"corn- 
field." He named the place Scotia in mem- 
ory of the land of his birth. The title was 
from the Mohawk Indians from 1658 to 1665, 
and then he obtained a patent from the crown. 
He was a religious man, and finding it irk- 
some to drive the seventeen miles to Albany 
every Sabbath morn, in 1682 built the Dutch 
Church which was also used as the town hall. 
Mr. Glen also owned a town lot in Schenec- 
tady, with two hundred feet frontage on 
Washington avenue, the residence thereon oc- 
cupied by his descendants until burned in 
1819. He died in 1685, and was buried un- 
der the church beside his wife, who had died 
tlie previous year. 

The reason why the house was neither at- 
tacked nor burned during the great massacre 
of 1690 is interesting. It was Major John 
Alexander Glen, son of the former, who built 



the present mansion in 1713, and who was 
alive at the time of the massacre. The Glens 
were very friendly with the Indians, alive 
also to rescue a white captive from the sav- 
ages. One day a party of Mohawks brought 
to the original house a Jesuit priest who 
had come down from Canada, where were 
the French, intending to have him locked up 
by Major Glen until the following day, when 
they proposed to torture him before taking 
his life. Glen pretended to fear the magical 
powers of the priest, and having two keys 
to his cellar door told the Indians that they 
might lock the priest in there, and on hand- 
ing one key to the redskins remarked that 
he would have nothing to do with the matter, 
for he did not believe a key would hold a 
priest confined so long as there was a key- 
hole through which he was doubtless able to 
send his spirit and body likewise. Earlv the 
next morning. Major Glen placed the priest 
in a cask and despatched it in his cart for 
Albany. This act had its important bearing. 
It gratified the French of Canada, so when 
Schenectady was attacked on the bitterly cold 
night of February 8, 1690, by the French 
and their savage allies under Seignior Le 
Moyne de Sainte Helene, it was ordered that 
no harm be done to the house of the Glens 
or to any relative. Glen undertook to per- 
suade the Indians that he had many relatives 
in Schenectady, whom he wished spared ; but 
the number increased so extensively that he 
had to desist or the Redmen, perceiving the 
ruse, would spare none, as they began to 
have doubts. In this massacre, now a feature 
in colonial history, about eighty houses were 
burned to the groiuid and some three hundred 
souls w'ere slain. 

The present house is charming in its co- 
lonial quaintness. The walls are unusually 
thick and the timbers massive. The latter 
were cut from trees so large that they were 
first cut into lengths, and these split into four 
timbers each two feet square. Tliey are won- 
derfully dovetailed together and fastened with 
wooden pins. The doors are wide, and what 
is peculiar they are made of one mammoth 
piece of wood, while those leading out are 
divided in the middle, the upper portion set 
with small lights of glass. Across the ex- 
terior, beneath the eaves, are to be seen the 
large iron letters and numerals, "A O i 7 i 3." 
The furniture, silverware and crockery in this 
house have been in use for generations, and 
attract much attention by their beauty. In the 
attic were stored countless documents from 
which a history might be written ; but un- 
fortunately at the time of the civil war, when 
paper was in great demand, about a ton was 



S6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \-ALLEYS 



river Severn, eleven miles north by west of 
Bristol, England. Its length is about one 
hundred and thirty miles, navigable to Here- 
ford, and the stream is noted for its pic- 
turesque scenery, in fact so beautiful is the 
river Wye, made attractive by its castellated 
shores, that it is well called "the Rhine of 
England." It was appointed the boundary 
between England and Wales by Athelstan in 
the year 939. 

The early owners of the land were, before 
the days of surnames, known as "Eustace" 
or "Baldwin," or "Robert of Whitney," as the 
Christian name might be. Written in the style 
of those times, "of" was "de" and after a 
while, "De Whitney," or "De Wytteneye," as 
it was usually spelled, came to be regarded 
as the family name. Finally the letter "h" 
was introduced and the "De" was dropped, so 
that throughout four centuries the present 
form has been the established one. It also 
shows on old English records as Witney, 
Wittney, Witnenie, Witeney, Witteneye, Wyt- 
ney, Wyttneye, Wyteney, W^ytteneye, Whit- 
eneye and Whittenye. 

The Whitney Arms — Shield : Azure, a 
cross chequy or and gules. Crest: A bull's 
head couped sable, armed argent, the points 
gules. Motto : Magnanimiter crucem sus- 
tene ; "Gallantly uphold the cross." As reg- 
istered in the College of Arms, and probably 
originating during the early crusades, remain- 
ing unchanged up to the time of emigration 
of John Whitney, in 1635. 

Regarding the origin of the family and its 
location, as it leads towards the departure of 
a member in direct descent who became the 
progenitor of the family in America, there is 
much of interest, and it must necessarily be 
expressed in brief. At the present day, there 
is a tract in England known as "Whitney 
Wood," probably identical with the one re- 
ferred to in a writ of the seventeenth year of 
Henry III (1233), wherein the sheriff of 
Hereford was commanded "to cause a good 
breach to be made through the woods of 
Erdelegh, Bromlegh and \Vitteneye. so that 
there may be safe passage between the City of 
Hereford and Maud's Castle." This castle 
was built by William le Braas, Lord of 
Brecknock, about 1216, in the reign of King 
John, and so named in honor of his wife. 
The Domesday Book mentions Whitney in 
the year 1086, at which time the land was 
scarcely under cultivation, as follows : "In 
Elsedune hundred, the King holds Witenie, 
Aluuard held it in the time of King Edward, 
and was able to go where he pleased. There 
is half a hide yielding geld. It was and is 
waste." 



Rolf, or Guy, has the credit of being the 
first of whom there is undisputed, authentic 
trace. He had a son, Turstin de Wigemore, 
the Fleming, who was living in 1086, and 
married Agnes, daughter of Alured de ]\Ierle- 
berge, of Ewias Castle. Their son was Eu- 
stace, who, "at the request of my mother, 
Agnes, have given to St. Peter and the 
brothers of Gloucester a hide of land in Pen- 
combe which is called Suthenhale (Sydnal), 
free and clear from any encumbrance : and 
through this deed, I have placed it on the 
altar of Saint Peter of Gloucester." 

Eustace had a son, also named Eustace de 
W^'tteneye, Knight, who confirmed this deed 
of gift, by a document so signed and delivered 
to "the monks and Lord Reginald, Abbot of 
Saint Peter's at Gloucester, and to the con- 
vent of that place." Thus, while there may 
be no record showing that Eustace, the elder, 
used the name in full, his son, in the days 
of Reginald the Abbot, or 1263-84, wrote 
himself as "Eustace de Wytteneye," and it 
is therefore proved that he was third in de- 
scent from Turstin the Fleming, son of Rolf, 
who owned the land on^ the river Wye, the 
home of the Wytteneyes, later changed to 
Whitney in records. 

That the Whitney family was represented 
in the Crusades seems more than likely, for 
a cross on a coat-of-arms wliich is known 
positively to date to that period is quite gen- 
erally understood by the most careful students 
of ancient heraldry to indicate that it once be- 
longed to a crusader, and in the \\'hitney 
arms the chief, in fact, the only, solitary sym- 
bol is a cross. 

Nearly every writer dealing with the his- 
tory of this family has given the following 
explanation : "Sir Randolph de Whitney, the 
grandson of Eustace, accompanied Richard 
Coeur de Lion to the Crusades, and distin- 
guished himself greatly by his personal 
strength and great courage. On one occasion 
he was sent by Richard on a mission to the 
French conunander, and, as he was leaving 
the British camp, the brother of Saladin 
(whom he had twice before defeated) fol- 
lowed him with two Saracens in his company, 
and, riding around a small hill, made a furious 
attack upon De Whitney, who defended him- 
self with the greatest vigor; hut his assailants 
were gaining upon him, when a furious Span- 
ish bull, which was feeding near the field of 
conflict, was attracted by the red dresses of 
the Saracens, and becoming angry at the color 
flitting before him, made so vigorous an at- 
tack upon them that they were diverted from 
their intended prey, and sought safety in flight. 
Sir Randolph soon succeeded in wounding his 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



57 



single assailant, whom he left for dead, and 
then, overtaking the two Saracens, dispatched 
them and proceeded upon his mission from 
the King." 

To carry the entire line, even by name and 
date from the time of Turstin, son of Rolf, in 
1086, to the time of John Whitney, who emi- 
grated to America in 1635, more than two 
and one-half centuries ago, would require 
much space ; but in brief it perfects the fam- 
ily history. 

Sir Robert de Whitney, of Wliitney, 
Knight, living in 1242, had son, Sir Eustace 
de Whitney, Knight, who was granted Free 
Warren by King Edward I, in 1284, and 
was summoned to military service beyond the 
seas in 1297, and summoned to the Scotch 
war in 1301. His son was Sir Eustace de 
Whitney, of Whitney, who was knighted by 
Edward I, in 1306, and was member of par- 
liament for Herefordshire in 1313 and 1352. 
His son was Sir Robert de Whitney, Knight, 
one of two hundred gentlemen, who in 1368 
went to Milan in the retinue of the Duke of 
Clarence, and was member of parliament for 
Herefordshire in 1377-79-80. His son, Rob- 
ert, was sent abroad to negotiate a treaty 
with the Count of Flanders in 1388; was 
member of Parliament in 1391 ; was sent to 
France to deliver castle and town of Cher- 
bourg to the King of Navarre, in 1393; was 
Knight Marshal at the Court of Richard H; 
was killed, with his brother and relatives, at 
the battle of Pilleth, in 1402. 

His son, Sir Robert Whitney, of Whitney, 
Knight, was granted the Castle of Clifford 
and lordships of Clifford and Glasbury, by 
Henry I\', in 1404, on account of his serv- 
ices : was member of parliament, 1416-22; 
fought in the French war under Henry V, 
was captain of Castle and town of Vire, in 
1420, and died March 12, 1441. 

His son, Eustace de Whitney, Knight, 
born 141 1, was head of the commission sent 
to Wales by Henry \'l, in 1455 ; member of 
parliament for Herefordshire. 1468; married 
Jenett Russell, daughter of Sir Thomas. 

His son, Robert, probably also a knight, 
was an active participant in the War of the 
Roses ; attainted as a Yorkist by Lancastrian 
parliament, in 1459 ; probably was at battle 
of Mortimer's Cross, in 1461, and was the 
subject of a poem by Lewis Glyn Cothi, on 
his marriage to Constance, the great-grand- 
daughter of Sir David Gam. 

His son, James Whitney, was appointed re- 
ceiver of Newport, part of the estate of the 
Duke of Buckingham, confiscated by Henry 
yill, in 1522. 

His son, Robert, of Icomb, was placed in 



charge of Brecknock, Hay and Huntington, 
the confiscated estates of the Duke of Buck- 
ingham, in 1523; was nominated Knight of 
the Bath by Henry VHI, at coronation of 
Anne Boleyn, in 1531, and died in 1541. He 
furnished forty men to put down rebellion in 
1536. He married Margaret, daughter of 
Robert Wye. of Gloucestershire, England. 

His son. Sir Robert Whitney, Knight, was 
dubbed in October, 1553, the day following 
Queen Mary"s coronation ; was summoned be- 
fore the Privy council in 1555-59; member 
of parliament for Herefordshire, 1559, and 
died August 5, 1567. 

His son. Sir James Whitney, born in 1544, 
was knighted by Queen Elizabeth at Wind- 
sor, in 1570; was sheriff of Herefordshire, 
1574-86-87: died May 31, 1587. 

His brother, Robert Whitney, married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Morgan Guillims, or 
Duglim, who had a son, Thomas Whitney, of 
Westminster, Gentleman, see forward. 

Thomas Whitney, son of Robert and Eliza- 
beth (Guillims) Whitney, was a native of 
Westminster, England, and was buried in St. 
Margaret's, April 14, 1637. It is recorded 
that in 161 1 he paid the subsidy tax, and on 
December 6, 1615, on the probate of the will 
of his father-in-law, John Bray, he was ap- 
pointed executor, lie apprenticed his son, 
John, on February 22, 1607, and his son, Rob- 
ert, on November 8, 1624. At the time of 
his death, in 1637, his oldest surviving son, 
John, being out of the country, administra- 
tion of his estate was granted. May 8, 1637, 
to his remaining sons, Francis and Robert. 
Of the other six children, he having had nine, 
all six were then dead. He obtained, May 10, 
1583, from the Dean and Chapter of West- 
minster, a license to marry Mary Bray, in 
which document he is mentioned as "Thomas 
Whytney of Lambeth Marsh, Gentleman," 
and the marriage took place on May 12, at 
St. Margaret's Church. She was the daughter 
of John Bray, of Westminster, and she was 
buried in St. Margaret's on September 25, 
1629. "Lambeth Marsh" is the name still ex- 
isting, and denotes a locality near the Surrey 
end of the Westminster bridge. Children: 
Margaret, born 1584, died 1604: Thomas, 
1587, died 1587: Yienry, 1588, died 1589; 
John, 1589, see forward; Arnwaye, 1590, died, 
1591 ; Nowell, 1594, died 1597: Francis, 1599, 
died at Westminster, 1643 ; Mary, 1600, died 
1600: Robert, 1605, died in parish of St. 
Peter's, Cornhill. London, England, 1662. 

(I) John Whitney, son of Thomas and 
Mary (Bray) Whitney, was born in West- 
minster, England, 1589: was baptized in St. 
Margaret's church, July 20, 1592, and com- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



ing to America in 1635, died at Watertown, 
Massachusetts, June i, 1673. He was re- 
corded "Gentleman" in his marriage license 
taken out in England, and it is presumed that 
his education in the famous "Westminster 
School" now known as St. Peter's College, 
was a good one. When fourteen years old, 
he was apprenticed by his father. February 
22. •1607, to \Mlliam Pring, of the Old Bailey, 
London, who was a "Freeman" of the Mer- 
chant Tailors' Company, then the most fam- 
ous and prosperous of all the great trade 
guilds, numbering in its membership distin- 
guished men of the professions, the nobility 
and the Prince of Wales. On March 13, 1614, 
when twenty-one years of age, he became a 
full-fledged member. He made his residence 
at Isleworth-on-Thames, eight miles from his 
^\'estminster home, and about 1618, married 

Elinor , who was born in England, 

1599, and six children were born to him be- 
fore sailing for America, three afterwards. 
His father apprenticed to him his youngest 
brother, Robert, November 8, 1624, who 
served seven years. He removed, about 1631, 
to London, where entries in the register of 
St. Mary Aldermery indicate that he resided 
in "Bowe lanne," near Bow church, where 
hang the famous bells. Early in April, 1635, 
he registered with his wife, Elinor, and their 
sons, John, Richard, Nathaniel, Thomas and 
Jonathan, as passengers in the ship "Eliza- 
beth and Ann," Roger Cooper, master. They 
arrived at W'atertown, Massachusetts, in 
June, and settled there, where their son, 
Joshua, was born July 15. John Whitney 
purchased a sixteen acre homestall, which had 
been granted to John Strickland, who had 
been dismissed from the Watertown church, 
May 29, 1635, and was one of that colony 
to remove and plant Wcthersfield, Connecti- 
cut. This homestead was the permanent 
home of John Whitney. It was situated a 
short distance north of Belmont street and 
east of Common street. In 1668 he requested 
his youngest son, Benjamin, who had settled 
in York, Maine, to return and live with him 
at the homestead, assuring him that it should 
be his after his death. \Vith the father's con- 
sent, Benjamin conveyed his rights for forty 
pounds, in 1671, to his brother. Joshua, and 
when the father died, Joshua returned to Gro- 
ton, and October 29, 1697, sold the home- 
stead to Deacon Nathan Fiske. John Whit- 
ney was admitted freeman, March 3, 1635-36, 
was appointed constable of \\'atertown, June 
I, 1641, by the general court; selectman, 1638 
-to 1655, inclusive, and town clerk, 1655. 

He married (first) in England, Elinor 
' , born in 1599; died at Watertown, 



Massachusetts, May 11, 1659; married (sec- 
ond), Judah Clement, who died before his 
death in 1673. Children: Mary, baptized in 
England, May 23, 1619, died young; John, 
born in England, 1620, died at Watertown, 
October 12, 1692, freeman of Watertown, 
Alay 26, 1647, selectman, 1673-80. married, 
1642, Ruth, daughter of Robert Reynolds, of 
\\'atertown, Massachusetts ; Richard, born in 
England, 1626, see forward ; Nathaniel, born 
in England, 1627, nothing further known ; 
Thomas, born in England, 1629, died Sep- 
teirber 20, 1719, married, Watertown, Jan- 
uary II, 1654. Mary Kedall or Kettle: Jona- 
than, born in England. 1634, died in Sher- 
born, 1702, married, \\'atertown, October 30, 
1656, Lydia, daughter of Lewis Jones ; Dea- 
con Joshua, born in Watertown, July 5, 1635, 
died at Watertown, August 7, 1719. married, 

(first) Lydia , (second) Mary , 

who died at Groton, March 17. 1671, (third) 
September 30, 1672. Abigail Tarball : Caleb, 
born at Watertown, July 12, 1640, buried De- 
cember 5, 1640 ; Benjamin, born at Water- 
town, June 6, 1643, died in 1723, married 

('first) probably at York, Maine, Jane , 

who died November 14, 1690. married (sec- 
ond) April II, 1695, i^Iary Poor, of Marl- 
boro, Massachusetts. 

(II) Richard, son of John and Elinor 
Whitney, was born in England in 1626, and 
came to Watertown, Massachusetts, with his 
parents, arriving in June, 1635. He was ad- 
mitted freeman, May 7, 1651: was proprietor 
of Stow, June 3, 1680, whither he probably 
removed when it was a part of Concord or be- 
longed to it. On April 7, 1697, being seventy 
years of age, he was released from training 
by the court. lie married, March 19, 1650, 
Martha Coldam, and their eight children were 
born in Watertown. Massachusetts. Chil- 
dren: Sarah, born March 17. 1652; Moses, 
August I, 1655, married Sarah Knight; Jo- 
hannah, January 6, 1656; Deborah, born Oc- 
tober 12, 1658; Rebecca, December 15, 1659, 
died February, 1660; Richard, January 13, 
1660, see forward; Elisha, August 26, 1662; 
Ebenezer. June 30, 1672, at Concord, Massa- 
chusetts, died .August 5, 1727. married 
Anna . 

(III) Richard (2), .son of Richard (i) and 
Martha (Coldam) Whitney, was born at 
Watertown, Massachusetts, January 13, 1660, 
died at Stow, Massachusetts, December 15, 
1723. He had land granted to him at that 
place, October 24, 1682, whither he removed 
from his native town. He married Eliza- 
l^eth, born February 3, 1668, died November 
24, 1723, daughter of Jonathan Sawtell, of 
Groton, Massachusetts. Children : Richard, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



59 



born at Stow, Massachusetts, in 1694, see for- 
ward ; Jonathan, born at Stow, February 26, 
1699, died November 8, 1773, married, at 
Lancaster, Massachusetts, January 29, 1718, 
AHce Willard, born December, 1699, died 
February' 19, 1792, daughter of Simon Wil- 
lard; Sarah, born 1703, married, 1723, Cap- 
tain Hezekiah Hapgood ; Ruhamah, born 
1705; Joshua, born at Stow, 1706, married 

Zerviah ; Hannah, married Samuel 

Farr; Elizabeth, married, December 29, 1722, 
John Wetherby; Hepzibah, born 1710, mar- 
ried, October 12, 1732, Seth Sawyer. 

(IV) Richard (3), son of Richard (2) and 
Elizabeth (Sawtell) Whitney, was born at 
Stow, Massachusetts, in 1694, died April 27, 
1775- He married (first) Hannah, daughter 
of Josiah Whitcomb, of Lancaster, Massa- 
chusetts, who was born in 1693, died Novem- 
ber 17, 1743; married (second) October 26, 
1745, Mrs. Hannah Ayers, born in 1704, died 
September 27, 1775. Children: Mary, born 

November 24, 1715, married Gates; 

Dorothy, April 13, 1718, married Tay- 
lor; Daniel, February 13, 1720, died in 1782, 
married, November 9, 1744, Dorothy Goss, 
of Lancaster, Massachusetts ; Hannah, May 
29, 1723, married Wetherbee ; Rich- 
ard, horn at Stow, July 31, 1725, died May 4, 
1798, married, Sudbury, December 10, 1747, 
Mary Perry; Elizabeth, July 23, 1728, died 
before 1775, married, April 15, 1748, Joseph 
Wetherbee: Josiah. born in Stow, October 12, 
1731, see forward; Sarah, married, December 
23, 1769, Captain Hezekiah Whitcomb, of 
Harvard, Massachussetts. 

(V) Brigadier-General Josiah Whitney, son 
of Richard (3) and Hannah (Whitcomb) 
Whitney, was horn in Stow, Massachusetts, 
October 12, 1731, died in Albany, Mas'sa- 
cjmsetts, January 24, 1806. He was the cit- 
izen of Harvard, Massachusets, who held the 
highest military rank during the revolution, 
and was at one time the town's most noted 
and influential citizen, being the leader in 
town politics. His mother was a near rela- 
tive of the veteran military leaders. Colonel 
Asa and General John Whitcomb. On Sep- 
tember 2, 1746, his parents deeded to him land 
in Harvard, which he occupied soon after his 
marriage, his dwelling standing nearly oppo- 
site the almshouse, until torn down in 1869. 
He inherited a fondness for military affairs, 
and when about his majority, he entered upon 
what proved a most brilliant military career. 
In the spring of 1755 he was a member of the 
company commanded by Captain William 
Pierce, that marched in Colonel Whitcomb's 
regiment against the French and Indians at 
Crown Point. He was in the notoriously 



bloody battle at Lake George, September 8, 
1755. where the gallant General Dieskau was 
defeated by the New England yeomanry. 
From August 13 to 26, 1757, he was a mem- 
ber of the foot company commanded by Cap- 
tain Israel Taylor that marched on the late 
alarm for the relief of Fort Henry, as far as 
Springfield, and on September 26, 1774, he 
was chosen commander of a company. \Vhen, 
on December 19, 1774, the Continental Re- 
solves were read before the town, a commit- 
tee was appointed to prepare a covenant to 
be signed by the inhabitants, pledging adher- 
ence to independence, he was one of ten 
named to inspect breaches of the covenant. 
Colonel Asa \\"hitcomb, having been author- 
ized to raise a regiment at the time of the pro- 
vincial congress, April, 1774, he did so, and 
on May 25 announced that Josiah Whit- 
ney, of Harvard, was lieutenant-colonel. 
That regiment contained five hundred and 
sixty volunteers, mustered into eleven com- 
panies, and was the largest of the twenty- 
six Massachusetts regiments before Boston. 
He was appointed to take command of a bat- 
talion of men raised by the state, April 10. 
1776, and on October 29 wrote from Camp 
at FIull, "though the pay of the state was 
small, yet my zeal for the liberties of my 
country was so great that I cheerfully under- 
took it." When the continental army de- 
parted for New York, his regiment went with 
the Massachusetts militia to the defense of 
the coast. When General Burgoyne was 
marching toward Albany from the north, he 
ordered, on July 27, 1777, a draft of one-sixth 
of the training bands and alarm lists in his 
regiment to march at once to Bennington, and 
on August 2, ordered one-half of the mili- 
tia to follow. On January 13, 1778. he was 
made chairman of a committee which the town 
had appointed "to take into consideration the 
.Articles of Confederation and Perpetual 
L'nion of the United States of America Con- 
certed on by Congress." He was commander 
of the Second Worcester Regiment of militia, 
as colonel, when it took part in the opera- 
tions in Rhode Island, when in August and 
September, 1778. an attempt was made to 
wrest that colony from the others. He was 
chosen one of two delegates to be sent to the 
convention for the state constitution. He 
was made brigadier-general in 1783 ; but re- 
signed the ofifice before the breaking out of 
Shay's insurrection. In 1782 the governor 
appointed him a justice of the peace in and 
for the county of Worcester. In 1783-84-87- 
88-89. he was a member of the board of se- 
lectmen, and during this period one of the 
most popular moderators at the deliberations 



6o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



of the town voters. He was the delegate from 
Harvard to the convention held to ratify the 
federal constitution, in Boston. January 9, 
1788, and voted with the minority in opposi- 
tion but would support it nevertheless. He 
was representative in legislature, 1780-81-87- 
88-89. \\ith church matters he was promi- 
nently identified. 

He married (first) in Stow, Alassachusetts, 
September 9. 1751, Sarah Farr, born January 
19, 1735, died in Harvard,. Massachusets, 
April 21, 1773; married (second) at Har- 
vard. February 3, 1774, Sarah Dwelly, of 
Bridgewater, who died at Whitingham, Ver- 
mont. February 18, 1817. Children: Josiah, 
born at Harvard, Massachusetts, February 25, 
1753, died January 2, 1827, married. Harvard. 
January 10, 1776, Anna Scollay, baptized 
April 18, 1756, died. Nelson, New Hampshire, 
j\larch 8, 1824; Elizabeth, born May 7, 
1755, married, April 28, 1796, Phineas Bar- 
nard, he married (second), her sister, Mrs. 
Burgess: Stephen, born. Harvard, May i, 
1757, died, Lynn, Massachusetts, married, 
February 6, 1783, Persis Locke, born 1757, 
died in Deerfield, June 25, 1806; infant, died 
June 4, 1761 ; infant, died May 10, 1762: in- 
fant, died March 16, 1763: infant, died Feb- 
ruary, 1766; infant, died February 18, 1768; 
Sarah, born April 11, 1755, married (first) 
December 14, 1791, Laomi Burgess, born 
March i, 1770, married (second) September 
27. 1827, Phineas Barnard, of Harvard, and 
she died May 23, i860: Oliver, born January 
9, 1777, reported to have died at sea; Ar- 
temas Ward, born November 17, 1778, sim- 
ilar report as on Oliver ; Susanna, born Oc- 
tober 2, 1780, married, November 8, 1803, 
John Adams, of Ashburnham, and died in 
North Adams, Massachusetts, May 5, 1866; 
Dwelly, born August 2, 1782, similar report 
as Oliver ; Lemuel, born Harvard, Septem- 
ber 19, 1784, died July 9, 1853, Ashburnham, 
Massachusetts, married, December 4, 1804, 
Elizabeth Hall, born February 6, 1788, died 
April 30, 1852: Daniel, born Octol>er 25, 1786, 
see forward : John Hancock, born December 
13, 1788, married and resided at Cazenovia, 
New York; Aloses Gill, born February 4, 
1791, married Ann Shields. 

(VI) Daniel, son of Brigadier-General 
Josiah and Sarah (Farr) Whitney, was born 
in Massachusetts, October 25, 1786, died 
April 18, i86g. He was a master mason build- 
er, and moved with his family from Boston, 
in 1825, on a sloop, with all his goods and 
a family consisting of ten children, to New 
York City, the trip consuming one week. 
There he resided until he died at the age of 
eighty-two. He had presentiments the year 



previous to his death that it was to be his last, 
as it proved, and accordingly named his eight 
pall-bearers. He was most active in building 
circles after the great fire of 1835. He mar- 
ried, March 10, 1808, Hannah Shedd, of Wal- 
tham, Massachusetts, where he had resided in 
younger days. Children : Daniel J., born Feb- 
ruary II, 1809, died in San Francisco, Feb- 
ruary 10, 1850: Hannah Maria, October 10, 
1810, died, unmarried, December 25, 1859; 
George, October 30, 1812, died at sea; 
Josiah Marshall, Boston, January 19, 1814, 
married, at Astoria, New York, May 16, 1839, 
Mary Jane Ayers, born September 8, 1820; 
Edward Oliver, December 24, 1816, married 
Eliza Lawrence; Lucy Jane, December 16, 
1818, died January 11, 1861, married, Octo- 
ber 19, 1854, George B. Revere, born January 
26, 1823, died December 11, 1882; Susanna, 
February 24, 1821 : Benjamin Shurtliff, No- 
vember 5. 1822, died August 6. 1850: Abigail, 
November 21, 1824, married Theodore Cro- 
well, and removed to Dillsburg, Pennsylvania ; 
William Minott, Boston. January 2, 1827, see 
forward : Warren Webster, New York City, 
March 12, 1829, married in New York City, 
February 4, 1856, Jenny A. Bord. born in 
Troy, New York, February 10, 1836; Sarah 
Louisa, September 26, 1831, died August 14, 
1832. 

(VH) William Minott, son of Daniel and 
Hannah (Shedd) Whitney, was born in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, January 2, 1827, died at 
his residence. No. 156 Washington avenue, 
Albany, New York, Alay 10, 1905. He re- 
sided with his parents in Boston until they 
removed by lx)at trip in 1828 to New York 
City. At the start of his career, he found 
employment in a metropolitan dry goods es- 
tablishment, and then in a wholesale dry goods 
house. He soon became recognized as an 
expert in the buying of goods, and from 1852 
to 1859 was chief buyer for various large 
houses. The large store, Nos. 43-45-47-49 
North Pearl street, Albany, to which he was 
to devote the larger share of his life, was 
opened in 1859 by Ubsdell, Pierson & Com- 
pany, and in i860 he came to Albany as their 
manager. In 1862. when James T. Lenox 
purchased the business. Mr. Whitney contin- 
ued to represent the new management. In 
1865 he formed a partnership with John G. 
Myers by the purchase of the Lenox store, 
and the place became widely known as the 
"New York Store." Its business increased 
until it became the most extensive of its kind 
between the metropolis and Chicago. This 
arrangement continued until 1870, when Mr. 
Myers retired, and Mr. Whitney continued 
the business alone until 1877, when he admit- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



6i 



ted William H. Pangburn and S. M. Van 
Santvoord as partners. Twelve years later 
this firm was dissolved, and Mr. Whitney con- 
tinued the business with his son, U'illiam M. 
Whitney, Jr. In 1896, he admitted his other 
son, Charles L. A. Whitney, as a partner, 
which resulted in its continuation as one of 
the most enterprising and successful concerns 
in this part of the country. Mr. Whitney 
was a Mason, a member of the Universalist 
church, and a member of the Fort Orange 
and Albany clubs. He was a director of the 
First National Bank, and in 1886, by appoint- 
ment of the mayor, served as chairman on the 
committee of public celebration which ar- 
ranged the Bi-Centennial of Albany as a 
■ chartered city. 

For many years IMr. Whitney resided in 
his handsome home. No. 5 Lodge street, but 
removed to a larger residence. No. 156 Wash- 
ington avenue, where he died at 5 o'clock on 
the morning of May 10, 1905, having suffered 
a stroke of apoplexy the previous day. 

William M. Whitney married, in New York 
■City, June 16, 1856, Amelia Cook, born in 
New York City, January 31, 1831, and in 1910 
was living in Albany. Her parents were Wal- 
ter and Marj' (Munro) Cook. Children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Whitney: i. Leila, born in New 
York City, May 17, 1857; married, Albany, 
New York, November 25, 1879, William 
Henry Stott, born at Stottville, September 12, 
1855, died at Albany, August 22, 1888, son 
of Charles Henry and Catherine (Oakley) 
Stott : children : Leila Vanderbilt, born at Al- 
bany, November 25, 1880; a son, born and 
died at Stottville, Columbia county. New 
York, July 3 1882; Helen Munro, Stottville, 
New York, June 18, 1883 ; Jonathan Whit- 
ney, Stottville, May 5, 1885 ; Whitney, Stott- 
ville, March 20, 1887. 2. William Minott, 
Jr., born in New York City, December 3, 
1858, died there, December 21, 1858. 3. Wil- 
liam Minott, Jr., born in New York City, 
August I, 1861, died at Albany, February 
■6, 1899; married, Stottville, New York, June 
9, 1886, Jessie Douglas Stott; children: Leila 
Douglas, at Albany, May 3, 1887 : William 
Minott, 3rd, at Albany, June 5, 1888; Pru- 
dence, at Albany, October 15, 1890. 4. Vir- 
ginia Belle, born in New York City, January 
8, 1865, died there December 8, 1865. 5. 
'Charles Lee Anthony, born at Albany, New 
York. September 19, 1870. see forward. 6. 
Mabel, born at Albany, December 4, 1874; 
married, Albany, December 29, 1897, Charles 
Hamilton Sabin, born at Williamstown, Mas- 
sachusetts, August 24, 1868, and in 1910 was 
located in New York City as the vice-presi- 
dent of the Guarantee Trust Company; child. 



Charles Hamilton Sabin, Jr., born Albany, 
New York, July 4. 1902. 

(VIH) Charles L. A., son of William Mi- 
nott and Amelia (Cook) Whitney, was born 
in Albany, New York, September 19, 1870. 
He received his education at the Albany 
Academy and at Phillips Academy, Andover, 
Massachusetts. Immediately afterward he en- 
tered the large store of his father, and in 1896 
he was admitted to the firm as a partner. When 
his father died, in 1905, he assumed the re- 
sponsible position of manager of the estab- 
lishment, and has been thoroughly successful. 
He has traveled abroad, is a man of refined 
tastes, and is particularly fond of outdoor 
sports, more particularly polo. His home in 
Loudonville, to the north of Albany, is named 
"\\'yebrook Farm," because of the original 
settlement of the family several centuries ago 
at Whitney on the Wye river, in England. 
He has furnished it in most attractive man- 
ner with rarest of antique material, and de- 
votes personal attention to the cultivation of 
his handsome estate. He is a member of St. 
Peter's Episcopal Church, a director of the 
Albany City Savings Institution, and a mem- 
ber of the Fort Orange and Albany Country 
clubs of Albany, of the Loudon Hunt Club, 
the Albany Academy Alumni Association, the 
Remsen Polo Club and the Remsen Coun- 
try Club of New Jersey. He married, at Mon- 
mouth Beach, New Jersey, September 27, 
1893. Grace Niles, born in New York City, 
July 3, 1874, and was educated at Briarly's. 
Her father was Lucien Hanks Niles, born in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, September 14, 1841, and 
in 1910 was a resident of New York City. 
Her mother was Mattie A. (Bradford) Niles, 
born at North Yarmouth, Maine, September 
4, 1 84 1, died in New York City, April 24, 
1897; their marriage took place at Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, September 30, 1863. 
Child of Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. A. Whit- 
ney, Marjorie, born at Albany, September 
26, 1894. 



The Melville-Melvill family 
MEL\'ILLE is distinguished in the civil, 

religious and literary history 
of Scotland. The branch here traced de- 
scended from the Melvilles of Fife, a branch 
of the noble and ancient family later repre- 
sented by the Earl of Leven and Melville, one 
of the sixteen peers of Scotland in 1806. 
The original Melville was a Norman warrior 
who came to England with William the con- 
queror. He was not pleased with the treat- 
ment he received and withdrew in wrath to 
Scotland, where he came into the favor of 
King Malcolm, who granted him lands and 



62 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



favors. He received lands in Lothian and his 
descendants established themselves on lands in 
Angus and Fife. The name of Melville of- 
ten appears in Scottish charters and records 
as early as the twelfth century. The name 
was early written Melvill. The great-grand- 
father of the American ancestor is : 

(I) Sir John Melville, who was knighted 
by James VL of Scotland, and in 1580 raised 
to the peerage with the title Baron of Gran- 
ton. 

(II) Thomas, son of Sir John Melville, 
married and had sons, Rev. Thomas and Rev. 
Andrew Melville. A son of Rev. Andrew, 
General Robert Melville, became a distin- 
guished officer in the English army, rendered 
efficient service to his country, and at the 
time of his death was the oldest general but 
one in the British army. 

(III) Rev. Thomas (2), son of Thomas 
(i) Melville, was a highly educated and re- 
spected minister of Scoonie in the Levan, 
county of Fife, Scotland. He was pastor of 
the church at Scoonie from 171 8 to 1764, 
when he resigned in favor of Rev. David 
Swan. He died in 1769. greatly beloved and 
universally regretted. His children were: i. 
John, married Deborah Scollay, and died in 
London, alxjut 1798. 2. Allan, see forward. 
3. Margaret, married Captain Lindell. 

(I\') Allan, with whom the American rec- 
ord begins, was the second son of Rev. Thom- 
as (2) Melvill, of Scoonie. He was born 
in Scoonie, county of Fife, Scotland, in 1728, 
died in Boston, Massachusetts, January 2, 
1761. He arrived in Boston in 1743, where 
he established himself in commercial business. 
He was distinguished for his enterprise, in- 
dustry and rectitude of life. In 1750 he mar- 
ried Jean, daughter of David and Mary (Ab- 
ernethy) Cargill. She died in 1759, leaving 
an only child and son, Thomas. 

(V) Major Thomas (3), only son of Allan 
and Jean (Cargill) Melvill, was born in 
Boston, Massachusetts, January 16, 175 1. 
Losing his mother at the early age of eight 
years, his care and education devolved upon 
his maternal grandmother, iNlary (Abernethy) 
Cargill. She was a sister of the noted Dr. 
Abernethy. and was a woman of great intel- 
ligence. Her memory was ever warmly cher- 
ished by her grandson during life. At the 
age of fifteen he entered Princeton College, 
where he was graduated in ijC^C). He was 
destined for the ministry and devoted more 
than a year to the study of theology, but find- 
ing his health impaired and his constitution 
too frail for that arduous profession, he 
changed his plan of life. In 1771 he visited 
Scotland, the home of his ancestors, on busi- 



ness as heir-at-law to his cousin, General Ro- 
land Melvil, and was received with marked 
attention, receiving a degree from the St. 
Andrews College, Edinburg, together with the 
freedom of the city. He remained in Scotland 
and England two years, returning to Boston 
in 1773. From this period the cause of civil 
liberty engaged his attention and its progress 
was marked with deep interest to the termina- 
tion of his life. He took part in many of 
the important and stirring events preceding 
the revolution. He was one of the youthful 
disciples and confidential associates of Samuel 
and John Hancock, whose friendship and in- 
timacy he ever retained. He was one of the 
band of Indians, who. on the night of De- 
cember 16, 1773, held the famous "Tea Party" 
in Boston Harbor. Some of the tea that he 
found in his shoes after his return home that 
night he preserved, and in after years exhib- 
ited it to such a distinguished visitor as Gen- 
eral Lafayette as a precious souvenir of that 
memorable party. He was selected by Gen- 
eral Warren as one of his aides a short time 
previous to the death of the latter at the 
battle of Bunker Hill. In 1776 he was com- 
missioned captain by the state of Massachu- 
setts in an artillery regiment commanded by 
Colonel Thomas Crafts, and in 1777 was- 
promoted major of the same regiment. For 
a time he was on garrison in and about Bos- 
ton. When the British evacuated that city 
in 1776, a portion of their fleet was left in 
Nantasket Roads to prevent any British ves- 
sels from entering the harlx)r and falling in- 
to tiie hands of the patriots. Major Mel- 
vill commanded a detachment of artillery sent 
to drive them from their station. A battery 
was erected under heavy fire from the British 
ships and Major Melvill aimed and fired the 
first gun which, followed by others equally 
well aimed, soon drove the enemy to sea. He 
served with Colonel Craft's regiment in 1777 
in Rhode Island, under General Spencer, and 
was with the regiment in 1779 at the battle 
of Rhode Island under General Sullivan. He 
also served on the committee of correspon- 
dence and on the town committee to obtain 
its (]uota of troops for the continental army. 
Prior to the organizations of the general gov- 
ernment. Major Melvill, in 1787, was chosen' 
three years in succession by the Massachu- 
setts legislature as naval officer of the port 
of Boston. His first election was from fifteen 
candidates, one of them, Mr. Otis, being a 
member of the legislature, and brother of the 
speaker. Upon the adoption of the federal 
constitution the a])]:)ointment of custom house 
officers was transferred to the president of 
the United States. For the port of Boston 



HUDSON AND AIOHAWK VALLEYS 



63 



President Washington appointed General Lin- 
coln, collector ; James Lowell, naval officer ; 
and Major Melvill, surveyor and inspector. 
He held this office until the death of James 
Lowell, when he was appointed naval officer 
by President Madison. This office he con- 
tinued to hold under successive presidents un- 
til 1829, when he fell a victim to the perni- 
cious doctrine "To the victors belong the 
spoils," and was removed from office by Pres- 
ident Andrew Jackson. There was no pre- 
tence that he was incapable or unfaithful to 
the duties of his office. The victorious party 
wanted the office and took it. The old hero 
bitterly resented his removal and often re- 
ferred to it as the "bitterest insult" of his 
long life. At the first state election held af- 
ter his removal from office he was chosen 
one of the representatives from Boston in 
the state legislature, and held by successive 
reelections during the remainder of his life. 
In 1779 he was chosen one of the fire war- 
dens of Boston and continued to be reelected 
until the reorganization of the fire department 
in 1825, a period of forty-seven years. For 
twenty-five years he was chairman of the 
board. On his retirement he was presented 
with a silver pitcher as a token of personal 
respect and a public testimonial of his faith- 
ful services. One of the engines and com- 
panies bore his name and ever honored his 
memory. The Massachusetts legislature ap- 
pointed him a director of the State Bank and 
other public institutions, and he was chosen 
as delegate to the convention that revised the 
state constitution. He had many warm friends 
among the military and public men of his 
day. He was known among these as "the last 
of the cocked hats," from the fact that until 
his death he always wore a three-cornered 
cocked hat and knee breeches. Being once 
asked why he did not add a finel e. to his 
name, the reply was : "My father did not." 
The leading and prominent traits of his char- 
acter were a sound judgment, a quick discern- 
ment, firmness and decision in time of danger 
and pressing emergency ; a strong sense of 
justice ; the strictest fidelity to engagements, 
public and private ; an ardent attachment to 
personal friends ; great tenderness and the 
most considerate regard for his familv and 
those depending on him. Notwithstanding an 
intense aversion to the disclosure of religious 
feeling, it was manifest to his intimate 
friends that the highest of all obligations were 
daily and habitually remembered. He died 
peacefully at his home in Boston, September, 
16, 1832, in his eighty-second year. 

He married, in Boston, August 20, 1774, 
Priscilla, daughter of John Scollay, grand- 



daughter of James Scollay, who came from 
Orkney Island to America, and great-grand- 
daughter of ^lalcolm Scollay, of Scotland, 
born 1648, died 1746, at the great age of 
ninety-eight years. The name is perpetuated 
in Boston by "Scollay Square" and other me- 
morials. Priscilla (Scollay) Melvill sun'ived 
her husband with whom she spent a congen- 
ial, happy life, continuing fifty-eight years. 
Children: i. Thomas (2), born June 26, 
1776, educated at Boston Academy, was 
a merchant in Boston, was sent to 
Paris by his employers at the age of 
eighteen, became a banker of note, and re- 
mained in France fourteen years, except two 
years spent in Spain ; married a French girl 
of Spanish mother, Frangoise Raymonde Eu- 
logue Marie des Doulouers Louise Fleury, 
eldest daughter of Frangois Lamie Fleury and 
his wife, Raymonde Gavisa. His home in 
Paris was the scene of a great deal of hos- 
pitable entertainment. General Lafayette be- 
ing a frequent guest. He returned to the Uni- 
ted States in 181 1 ; during the war of 1812-14 
was apjxiinted commissary of prisoners ; was 
with General Dearlx)rn when he selected the 
grounds in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where 
the "Cantonment" for prisoners was located, 
and occupied with his family a cottage on the 
grounds. April, 18 14, his wife died, followed 
in a few weeks by two of his children. He 
married (second) November 21, 1815, a 
daughter of Dudley Hobart, of Maine. In 
1832 was elected to the Massachusetts legis- 
lature. In 1836 removed to Galena, Illinois, 
where he died at the age of seventy-six, the 
father of fourteen children. 2. Mary, born 
1778, died October 22, 1809; married (Zaptain 
John De Wolf. 3. Nancy W., born March 22, 
1780, died July 8, 1813. 4. Allan, see for- 
ward. 5. Priscilla. born February 2. 1784. 
6. Robert, born July 4, 1786, died June 19, 
1795- 7- Jean, born IVIarch 6, 1788, married 

< ^^'right. 8. John Scollay, born March 

23. 1790. died May 10. 1815. 9. Lucy, born 
August 22, 1793, died in infancy. 10. Lucy 
(2), born February 11. 1795; married (first) 
Justin Wright Clark; (second) Dr. Nurse. II. 
Helen, born January 14, 1798; married Levitt 
Souther. 

(\'I) .Allan (2), second son and fourth 
child of Major Thomas and Priscilla (Scol- 
lay) Melvill, was born in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, April 7. 1782. He was well educated 
and became an importer of silks and French 
goods of rare and superior quality. In pursuit 
of his business he spent a great deal of time 
in journeying at home and abroad : was with 
his brother Thomas in the French Capital. 
Between the brothers, though not con- 



64 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



nected in business, existed a warm and 
commendable intimacy. He first went to 
Europe in 1800, and made his last visit in 
1822. He visited the principal capitals and 
manufacturing centres in search of attractive 
and saleable goods for his trade and made 
heavy purchases. Once during the second 
war with England the vessel on which he 
was a passenger was captured by a British 
frigate and all made prisoners. He was soon 
released and returned to the United States. 
He was a most methodical man and a daily 
record of all his travels, home and abroad, at 
sea or on land, was faithfully kept and is 
carefully preserved. It records travel by sea 
of forty-eight thousand four hundred and six- 
ty miles in the twenty-two years. He closed 
up his Boston business and for a time was 
in the wholesale dry goods business in Al- 
bany, New York, but about 1818 located at 
123 Pearl street, New York City, where he 
dealt in wholesale imported silks and dry 
goods ; also, as his advertisement says : "Act- 
ing as commission merchant for others." He 
was one of the early importers of French 
goods and prospered. He kept up a constant 
correspondence with his distinguished father, 
whose advice and counsel he sought and fol- 
lowed. His letters to his wife, man;/ of which 
are preserved, show the deepest devotion and 
love, breathing an exquisite tenderness that 
charms the reader, although a century has 
elapsed since some of them were written. He 
died about 1835. He was a man of deep re- 
ligious sentiment, as shown by his letters, and 
constantly invoked the Divine blessing upon 
his beloved wife and children to whom he was 
devoted. He married Maria, daughter of 
General Peter Gansevoort, Jr., of revolution- 
ary fame. She was born 1791, died 1872. 
Children: i. Gansevoort, born December 6, 
1815, died in I^ndon, England, May 2, 1846. 
He was an accomplished scholar, possessed of 
unusual powers of oratory, a gift that was 
employed with good result by the Democratic 
party, particularly during the campaign that 
resulted in the election of James K. Polk to 
the presidency. He was appointed secretary 
of legation at the Court of St. James, dying 
in London, 1846. His body was returned to 
his native land and buried with honors in 
the Albany Rural Cemetery. He was a young 
man of great ])romise and brilliant prospects. 
2. Helen Maria, lx)rn August 4, 1817; mar- 
ried, January 8, 1854, George Griggs. 3. Her- 
man, born 1819. married, .August 5, 1847, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Chief Justice Shaw, of 
Boston. 4. .Augusta, born 1821. 5. Allan, 
born 1823, married (first) September 22, 1847, 
Sophia E. Thurston; (second) Jane Dempsey. 



6. Catherine, born 1825 ; married, September 
15, 1853, John C. Hoadley. 7. Frances Pris- 
cilla. born, 1827. 8. Thomas, born 1830. 

Melville Arms: "Bears gules three cres- 
cents argent with a bordure of the last, 
charged with eight roses of the first. A small 
crescent of the second in chief for difference." 
Crest: "A crescent argent." Motto: "De- 
nique Coelum." 

Rliss Charlotte Hoadley, of Chicago, a de- 
scendant of the Melville family, savs, after 
reading the above sketch: "The family tradi- 
tion has always been that Fanny Fleury was 
an adopted daughter of Madame Recamier 
and that she was married to Thomas Melville 
from Madame Recamier's salon. I have in 
my possession Fanny Fleury's miniature in an 
exquisitively carved tortoise-shell box, with 
her monogram wrought in the carving. I also 
own the miniature pin painted by Copley 
of Deborah ScoUay. It was sent to David 
Swan and many years after returned to the 
Melville family in Boston. The little paper 
which accompanies it reads, 'Deborah Scollay 
was the eldest sister of Priscilla Scollay.' 
She married John Melville, uncle of the 
Thomas Melville who married Priscilla Scol- 
lay." 

The following is a sketch of "Broad Hall," 
now the Country Club of Pittsfield, Massa- 
chusetts, taken from "The Historv of Pitts- 
field," by J. E. A. Smith, Springfield, 1876. 
The place was formerly owned bv Major 
Thomas Melville and later hv his son Robert: 
"Broad Hall was built by Henry Van Schaack 
in 1781, with extraordinary care and liberal 
expenditure, and was for many years much 
the best built edifice in the town. The wood- 
en walls were lined with brick, and the car- 
pentry exhibits a perfection of skill which 
excites the admiration of modern workmen 
who are called upon to make alterations in 
it. It is little changed except by the remo- 
val of the broad chimney and the old-fash- 
ioned balustrade which surrounded the roof. 
Mr. Ya.n Schaack removing to his native 
place, Kinderhook, New York, in 1807. sold 
his house in Pittsfield to Elkanah Watson, 
a gentleman of very similar tastes, and the 
founder of the Berkshire Agricultural So- 
ciety, who occupied it until his removal to 
Albany in 1816. It was then purchased by 
Major Thomas Melville who resided in it un- 
til 1837 and was succeeded by his son Robert 
Melville. For some years previous to its pur- 
chase by Mr. J. R. Morewood in 185 1, it wa§ 
kept as a boarding house and numbered 
among its guests Henry W. Longfellow, 
Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville and 
President John Tyler." 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



65 



Mr. J. R. Morewood sold Broad Hall to 
his brother, George Morewood, and his son 
sold it to the Pittsfield Club about 1900. 



The original ancestors 
GANSEVOORT the Gansevoort fami- 
lies of the Hudson and 
Mohawk \'alleys in New York state lived in 
a town called Ganzfort, which was situated 
on the borders of Germany and Holland. Wes- 
selus Gansefortius, otherwise known in his 
own day as Wessel Gansevoort and also as 
John Wessel Gansevoort, was born at Gronin- 
gen, Holland, in the year 1419, in a house 
standing in the Heerestraat, near the Caroli- 
weg, and which can be recognized by the 
family arms which remain to this day in the 
front stone. The arms themselves appear to 
present an emblem of agriculture and com- 
merce, from which it may be assumed that 
the Gansevoorts of early times were engaged 
in those avocations. And besides the family 
name of Gansevoort (doubtless derived from 
4he \illage of Ganzfort, in Westfalen), he 
bore in later times among men of eminent 
learning the name of Basilius, and the title 
of Lux Alundi (light of the world), and also 
the name of M agister Contradictionis (Mas- 
ter of Contradictions or Debates). For this 
latter title he is probably indebted to his 
continued attacks against the errors and 
abuses of the church. He also has been re- 
ferred to and mentioned as the forerunner of 
Luther, and he favored the school of abso- 
lute nominalism in philosophy. He was a 
leader in the pre-Reformation movement in 
Holland, and ranked among the most learned 
men of his time: was an intimate friend in 
early life of Thomas a Kempis, studied at 
several of the great schools of Europe, and 
was offered and declined a professorship at 
Heidelberg. At Paris he was the instructor 
of two men who afterward achieved wide 
fame. Reuchlin and Agricola, and subsequent- 
ly he visited in Rome when Sixtus IV. was 
Pope. He had been on terms of intimacy with 
Sixtus when the latter was superior-general of 
the Franciscans. It is related that he was 
asked by Sixtus what favor he could do for 
him, and in answer Wessel asked for a Greek 
and Hebrew Bible from the Vatican library. 
■"You shall have it," said the Pope, "but what 
a simpleton you are ; why did you not ask for 
a bishopric or something of that kind?" "Be- 
cause I do not want it," replied Wessel, a 
reply truly characteristic of his high tone and 
independent spirit. On religious subjects his 
views were broad and deep, and he promul- 
gated with boldness the doctrines of the Ref- 
ormation forty years in advance of Luther, 



who held his character and attainments in 
high esteem and who published an edition of 
part of his works. His name, still retained by 
the family in this country, is reverenced in 
Groningen, his native city, where in 1862 
an ancient tablet to his memory was restored 
by the authorities of the city and placed in 
the large church with demonstrations of public 
regard. 

The Hon. Harmanus Bleecker, when minis- 
ter to The Hague, stated that there was no 
doubt of the descent of the family from this 
philosopher, and pai)ers in possession of the 
family of the late Judge Peter Gansevoort, 
of Albany, show the fact more clearly. In 
i860 his tomb at Groningen was visited by 
Judge Gansevoort and his son, and a few 
days previous to their arrival the remains had 
been disinterred and were lying in the cloister 
of the Holy Virgins, to which place they had 
been removed from the chapel of the Uni- 
versity to make room for modern improve- 
ments. His tomb also had been removed and 
was lying in pieces ready to be reerected. 
It was of the medieval style and surmounted 
by a bust of Wessel, such as was usually 
placed over tombs of that description. The 
bust was of marble, but, like that of Shake- 
speare at Stratford, it had been painted in 
dift'erent colors. It showed him to be a man 
of intellect and benevolence, and the inscrip- 
tion on the tomb was elaborate and magnilo- 
quent. The bones of the body were in per- 
fect preservation and were regarded by those 
in charge with great reverence, and they were 
reinterred with ceremony. It is a somewhat 
singular fact that at the time of the arrival 
there of Judge Gansevoort and his son, the 
house of their ancestor Wessel Gansevoort 
was being demolished to make room for a 
more modern building. It contained above the 
front door a marble slab on which was carved 
the same coat-of-arms as that I^orne by the 
family in America, viz. : 4 quarters, a ship 
and wagon. 

Wesselius Gansefortius died October 9, 
T489. ■ It is said that during his last sickness 
he complained that through various consider- 
ations and reflections he felt his belief in the 
great truths of the Christian religion shaken, 
but not long before his death he was heard 
to exclaim with great thankfulness, "I thank 
God, all these vain thoughts have gone, and 
I know nothing but Christ and Him cruci- 
fied." Such then are something of the quali- 
ties and characteristics of the great scholar 
and philosopher, who, without doubt, is the 
remote ancestor of the family of the Ganse- 
voort surname purposed to be treated in these 
annals. It is not known in what vcar the first 



66 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Gansevoort emigrated to the Low Country of 
Holland, but it is known that the first of the 
surname on this side of the Atlantic Ocean 
appeared in New Netherlands in the year 
1660. 

(I) Harme Van Ganzvort (he so wrote his 
name in all of his business and family tran- 
sactions so long as he lived) came to Amer- 
ica and settled at Catskill, on the Hudson riv- 
er, in 1660. There he had an extensive man- 
or, doubtless acquired from the Indians, but 
afterward his lands were granted to others. It 
is related by one chronicler of the family his- 
tory that Harme lived for some time at Cat- 
skill, on an estate more recently owned by 
the \'an \"echten family, and that he was 
unjustly deprived of his property by one of 
the Dutch governors who went by water from 
New Amsterdam to Albany and on his pas- 
sage up the river anchored his vessel opposite 
Catskill creek. There the governor went 
ashore with his secretary or aide, walked up 
to the Ganzvort dwelling, and was hospitably 
entertained by the proprietor. The secretary 
expressed his admiration of the estate, solici- 
ted a grant of it from the governor, and se- 
cured it. In consequence of this, Harme 
Van Ganzvort, who had no other title to the 
land than that of possession and the consent 
of the Indian owners, was compelled to leave 
and locate elsewhere. From Catskill he re- 
moved with his family to Albany, where, hav- 
ing been brought up to the trade of a brewer, 
he set up in that business and continued it 
so long as he lived. His home and brew 
house were at the corner of Market street and 
Maiden lane. This property has been kept 
in the familv and on the site now stands Stan- 
wix Hall. 

Harme Van Gansevoort (or Van Ganzvort) 
died July 23. 1710. He was a man of char- 
acter and ability, a member of the Lutheran 
church. Of his means he gave to the society 
of that church a lot of land on which to erect 
a house of worship, and beneath the pulpit in 
the church his remains were buried. The lot 
is on South Pearl street, where the market 
house was built in later years. His wife was 
Marritje Liendarts, who died in 1742. Chil- 
dren: I. Elsie, married, 1689, Francis Winne. 
2. Maria. 3. Aguitic. married, 1698. Tennis 
Williams. 4. Anna, married, 1692, Jacobus 
De Warrien. 5. Lysbeth, married, 1701, Jo- 
hannes De Wandelaer. 6. Hillitie, married, 
1706, .Albert \'an Derzee. 7. Catarine, mar- 
ried, 1 7 14. Asent Pruyn. 8. Leonard, horn 
1681 (see post). 9. Rachel, born 1686, mar- 
ried Teunis Hamerin. 10. Lydia, born 1690. 
II. Rebecca, 1693. 12. Hendrick, 1696. 

(II) Leonard Gansevoort (Liendart Van 



Ganzvort), son of Harme and iMarritje (Lien- 
darts) Van Ganzvort, was born in Albany, 
in 1 68 1, and died there November 30, 1763. 
He succeeded his father in the ownership of 
the brewery and its business, and continued it 
as his principal occupation. He is remem- 
bered as a man of small stature, of placid and 
serene countenance, and of upright character. 
He married, in 1712, Catherine De Wande- 
laer, who survived him, and it was in a large 
measure through her strong character and 
superior business abilities that her husband 
was enabled to accumulate a comfortable for- 
tune. One of her descendants writing of her 
said that "her activity of mind made her quite 
a business woman and rendered her a great 
blessing to her husband, who was a quiet, 
moderate man." Children : Harme, born 1712, 
(see post) ; Henry, born 1716, died 1746; 
John, died young; Sarah, born 1718, died 
1731 ; Johannes, born 17 19, died 1781, mar- 
ried (first) 1750, Marritje Douw (born 1725, 
died 1759), married (second) Elsie Beekman, 
daughter of Jacob; Maria, born 1723, died 
1739; Peter, born 1725, died 1809, married, 
1751, Garritje Ten Eycke; Elsie, born 1728, 
died 1753; Aguitie, born 1730, died 1731 ; El- 
sie, died 1761. 

(Ill) Harme, son of Leonard and Cather- 
ine (De Wandelaer) Gansevoort, was born in 
Albany, and baptized there April 20, 1712, 
and died there Alay 7, 1801. He was a mer- 
chant in Albany and carried on an extensive 
business, importing his goods from Europe. 
He inherited from his father the brewery 
property and continued it in connection with 
his other business interests. He also appears 
to have been somewhat engaged in public af- 
fairs, and it is evident that he was a man 
of excellent understanding and business ca- 
pacity. From September 25, 1750, to 1760, 
he was clerk of the county court and of the 
court of common pleas, clerk of the peace 
and of the sessions. In 1763 he purchased 
and caused to be brought over from England 
what probably was the second hand fire en- 
gine ever used in Albany, paying therefor the 
sum of $397.50. He married. May 29, 1740, 
Magdalena Douw, born August i, 17 18, died 
October 12. 1796, daughter of Petrus and 
Anna (\'an Rensselaer) Douw. Petrus 
(sometimes written Pieter) Douw, was born 
March 24. 1692, died August 21, 1775, son 
of Jonas \'olkertse Douw of Manor Rensse- 
laerwyck, who married (first) November 14, 
1683. Magdalena Picterse Quackenboss, and 
married (second) April 24, 1696, Catrina Van 
Witbeck. widow of Jacob Sanderse Glen. Jo- 
nas \'olkertse Douw was the eldest son of 
Captain X'olkert Janse Douw, who came from 




ftictrd M- C.Sllujt 



^>^>r^^7^-^^/^ 




HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



67 



Frederickstadt and was in Bevervvyck as early 
as 1638. He died in 1686. He had his house 
on the west corner of State street and Broad- 
way, which property is now owned by his de- 
scendants. He was a trader and brewer, and 
in connection with Jan Thomase he dealt 
quite largely in real estate. Their brewery 
was located on the east half of the Exchange 
block lot and extended to the river. This 
they sold in 1675 to Harmen Rutgers, son of 
Rutger Jacobsen. In 1663 they bought of the 
Indians, Schotack or Apjen's (Little Mon- 
key's) island and the main land lying east 
of it. Captain Douw also owned Constapel's 
island, lying opposite Bethlehem, half of 
which he sold in 1677 to Pieter Winne. In 
1672 he owned Schutter's island, below Beer- 
en island, which he sold to Barent Pieterse 
Coeymans. He married, April 19, 1650, Do- 
rotee Janse, from Breestede, Holland. She 
was a sister of Rutger Jacobsen's wife, and 
died November 2, 1681. He died in 1686. 
Anna Van Rensselaer, wife of Petrus Douw, 
was born January 4, 1719, daughter of Kil- 
lian and Maria (\'an Cortlandt) \'an Rens- 
selaer, granddaughter of Jeremias and Maria 
(\'an Cortlandt) Van Rensselaer, and great- 
granddaughter of Killian Van Rensselaer, 
merchant of Amsterdam, Holland, who mar- 
ried (first) Hillegonda Van Bylet and (sec- 
ond) Anna Wely. Killian Van Rensselaer, 
son of Jeremias, was the first lord of the 
Manor of Rensselaerwyck. Children of 
Harme and Magdalena (Douw) Gansevoort: 
I. Sarah, born 1741, married John Ten 
Broeck. 2. Peter, born 1742, died 1743. 3. 
Anna, born 1744, died 1794; married, 1778, 
Cornelius Wyncoop. 4. Catherine, born 1747, 
died 1749. 5. Peter, born 1749 (see post). 

6. Leonard, born 1751, died 1810, married, 
1770, Hester Cuyler, born 1749, died 1826. 

7. Henry, born 1753. died 1755. 8. Hen- 
drick, born 1757. 9. Catrina, died 1761. 

(I\') General Peter Gansevoort Jr., son 
of Harme and Magdalena (Douw) Ganse- 
voort, was born in Albany, in 1749, where 
Stanwix Hall now stands, and died in his 
native city, July 2, 1812, at the age of sixty- 
three years. On July 2, 1775, he was ap- 
pointed by congress a major in the Second 
New York regiment. In August of that year 
he joined the army which invaded Canada un- 
der Montgomery. In March, 1776, he was 
made lieutenant-colonel, and on November 21 
following became colonel of the regiment. In 
July, 1776, he was colonel commanding at 
Fort George, on Lake George. In April, 1777, 
he took command of Fort Stanwix (after- 
ward called Fort Schuyler), on the present 
site of the city of Rome, and made a gallant 



defence of the post against the Brit- 
ish under St. Leger, which was the first blow 
to their great scheme to sever New York 
from the residue of the confederacy, and by 
thus preventing the cooperation of that of- 
ficer with Burgoyne, contributed most essen- 
tially to the great and decisive victory at Sara- 
toga. For this gallant defence the thanks of 
congress were voted to Colonel Gansevoort. 
In the spring of 1779 Colonel Gansevoort was 
ordered to join General Sullivan in an expe- 
dition against the Indians in the western part 
of New York. At the head of a chosen party 
from the army he distinguished himself by 
surprising, by the celerity of his movements, 
the lower Mohawk castle, and capturing all 
the Indian inhabitants of the vicinity. In 
1781 the state of New York appointed him 
brigadier-general, and afterwards he filled a 
number of important offices, among which was 
that of commissioner of Indian affairs and 
for fortifying the frontiers. He also was mil- 
itary agent and a brigadier-general in the 
United States army in 1809, sheriff of Al- 
bany county from 1790 to 1792, a regent of 
the LTniversity of the State of New York 
from 1808 until the time of his death, and 
one of the first board of directors of the New 
York State bank in 1803. 

The foregoing account is hardly more than 
a very brief outline of the career of one of the 
bravest and most determined soldiers and pat- 
riots of the revolution, an officer whose cour- 
age never was doubted, whose achievements as 
a commanding officer were fully appreciated, 
but whose splendid service never was more 
than half rewarded. And it has remained 
for one of his descendants, a granddaughter, 
to cause to be erected an appropriate memorial 
of his noble record and unselfish patriotism ; 
and all honor is due Mrs. Catherine Ganse- 
voort Lansing for the gift which marks the 
place of old Fort Stanwix — "a fort which nev- 
er surrendered," and the fort from which the 
first Amerian flag- was unfurled in the face 
of the enemy. The "General Peter Ganse- 
voort Statue," in bronze, stands in the circle 
in the East Park, Rome, New York, facing 
the west. The figure is in full uniform, hero- 
ic in size, seven feet two inches tall, standing 
at ease in military position, the left foot 
slightly forward. In the right hand is held 
the letter of St. Leger demanding the sur- 
render of the fort, while the left hand rests 
on the hilt of the sword. The pedestal weighs 
nearly three tons and stands on a base weigh- 
ing twenty tons, and the whole rests on a 
solid concrete foundation nearly four feet 
thick. On the outer edge of the flag walk 
around the monument is a stone coping of 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Barre granite, rock finish, the same material 
on which the statue rests, the coping being 
a foot wide and a foot thick. On the front 
tablet of the monvnnent appears this inscrip- 
tion : 

P.rigadier-General Peter Gansevoort, Jr., 
Colonel in the Continental Army. He served 
under Montgomery in Canada in the campaign 
against Quebec in 1775. and in 1777 he success- 
fully defended Fort Stanwix against the British 
forces and their Indian allies under St. Leger, 
thus preventing their junction with Burgoyne at 
Saratoga. He took part in the campaign of 
1779 under General Sullivan. He was in active 
command at the outbreak of the War of 1812, 
and died on the second day of July of that year 
at the age of 63. 

On the rear tablet this inscription appears : 

Erected near the site of 

FORT STANWIX 

at the request of Peter Gansevoort, 

Henry S. Gansevoort, U. S. A., 

and Abraham Lansing, all of 

Albany, N. Y. 

Presented to the City of Rome by 

Catherine Gansevoort 

Lansing. 

A. D. 1906. 

The designer of the statue was Edward L. 
Henry, N. A., the sculptor E. F. Piatti, and 
the architect D. N. B. Sturgis, all of New 
York City. The ceremony of unveiling was 
held on Thursday, November 8, 1906. The 
principal orator of the occasion was Hon. 
Hugh Hastings, then state historian, who said, 
in concluding his address: 

"In these days an heroic defense of such con- 
spicuous character would have met with the re- 
ward of a brigadier-general's commission at 
least. Upon the intrepid commander of Fort 
Schuyler, however, congress conferred the 
anomalous rank and empty honor 'Colonel Corn- 
mandant of Fort Schuyler,' an absurd compli- 
ment of the record, for Gansevoort had held the 
rank of colonel since November, 1776, and been 
in command of the fort since April, 1777. Gen- 
eral Gansevoort blocked the way of the tri- 
umphant invader like a wall of granite. His 
achievement is all the more creditable when we 
consider the delinquency of his superiors in 
estimating the true situation and the refusal of 
Tryon county to protect itself or to support 
him with reinforcements. The fall of Fort 
Schuyler would have been followed by the cer- 
tain defeat of Gates, whose left and rear would 
have Iicen absolutely unprotected before the New 
England troops could reinforce him. The de- 
feat of Gates would have given the enemy com- 
plete control of the valley of the Hudson, would 
have meant the severance of New England from 
the rest of the confederacy, led to a cessation of 
hostilities and the restoration of the colonies to 
the mother country. The victory at Fort 
Schuyler paved the way for the final triumph 
on the heights at Saratoga, or, as it has been 
so aptly expressed. 'Without Fort Schuyler there 
would have been no Saratoga.' " 



General Gansevoort married, January 12, 
1778, Catherine (Catrina) Van Schaick, bap- 
tized August 16, 1752, died December 30, 
1830, daughter of \Vessel Van Schaick, who 
was baptized February 10, 1712 and married, 
November 3, 1743, Maria Gerritse, who died 
January 31, 1797. Wessel Van Schaick was 
son of Anthony (or Antony) \'an Schaick, 
S}brant, filiiis, glazier, born 1681, married, 
October 19, 1707, Anna Catherine Ten 
Broeck, who died in December, 1756. In 1704 
Anthony Van Schaick's house lot was at the 
south corner of State and Pearl streets, Al- 
bany. He was a son of Sybrant Van Schaick, 
born 1653, who married Elizabeth Van Der 
Poel, and died about 1785. In 1678 his step- 
mother agreed to sell him her half of the 
brewery on the easterly half of the Exchange 
block for one hundred beavers. He was a son 
of Captain Goosen Gerritse Van Schaick, 
brewer of Albany. In 1664 he and Philip 
Pieterse Schuyler were granted permission to 
purchase Halve Maan of the Indians, to pre- 
vent "those of Connecticut'' from purchasing 
it. In 1664 also he bought of his stepfather, 
Ryner Elbertse, a lot on the north corner of 
Columbia street and Broadway, and in 1675 
he and Pieter Lassingh bought Harmen (or 
Harme) Rutger's brewery on the Exchange 
block. "In 1657, being about to marry his 
second wife, he made a contract in which he 
reserved from his estate 6,000 guilders for his 
four eldest children by the first wife, that 
being her separate estate ; and in 1668 he and 
his second wife made a joint will, he being 
about to depart for Holland." Captain Van 
Schaick married (first) in 1649, Geertie 
Brantse Van Nieuwkerk, who died about 
1656; married (second), 1657, Annatie Lie- 
vens, or Lievense. 

General Gansevoort's children: i. Herman, 
born 1779, died 1862; married, 1813, Cath- 
erine Ouackenboss, born 1774, died 1855. 2. 
Wessel, born 1781, died 1862. 3. Leonard, 
born 1783, died 1821 ; married, 1809, Mary 
A. Chandonette, born 1789, died 1851. 4. 
Peter, born 1786, died 1788. 5. Peter, born 
December 22, 1788, (see post). 6. Maria, 
born 1791, married, 1814, Allan Melville, born 
1782, died 1832. 

(\') Judge Peter Gansevoort, son of Gen- 
eral Peter and Catherine (Van Schaick) Gan- 
sevoort, was born in Albany, December 22, 
1788, and died at his home in that city, Jan- 
uary 4. 1876. His higher literary education 
was acquired at the College of New Jersey, 
Princeton, where he graduated, and afterward 
he attended the celebrated Litchfield Law 
School ; still later read law in the office of Har- 
manus Bleecker, and was admitted to the bar 




'/ <9^^:i^-<>?>/^^vi''''^'-:;^^tr:^^ — 




o-^^^^:^^2. ^ ^j'-i^^i^^iT-y-^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



about 1811. His practice for many years was 
very considerable, and he ranked among the 
prominent members of the profession. For 
some time he acted as private secretary to 
Governor DeW'itt Chnton, and then on his 
mihtary staff as judge advocate general from 
1819 to 1821. In 1830-31 he was a member 
of the assembly, and then a senator for four 
years, 1833 to 1836 inclusive. In all matters 
of public interest he took an active part, and 
was thoroughly attached to all that concerned 
his native city. He was a trustee of the Al- 
bany Academy for fifty years, and for twenty 
years was chairman of the board. In 1840 
he was one of a committee, with Stephen Van 
Rensselaer, John A. Dix and others, to or- 
ganize the Albany Cemetery Association, and 
to select grounds for the cemetery. He was 
a trustee of the cemetery until his death, and 
took a warm interest in arranging and beau- 
tifying the grounds. For many years he was 
a director of the New York State Bank, and 
occupied other positions of trust. Although 
his military service was short, he took a warm 
interest throughout life in military matters. 
Among the public positions held by Gener- 
al Gansevoort was that of first judge of the 
county court of Albany county from 1843 to 
1847, th^ duties of which office he discharged 
with great fidelity and to the entire satisfac- 
tion of the legal profession and the public. 
He carried marked traits of his ancestry with 
him through life, and was a most thorough 
representative of the Dutch element of his na- 
tive city. He was the very embodiment of 
high-souled honor and integrity, pure in pri- 
vate life, and devotedly attached to his coun- 
try and its institutions. On more than one 
occasion he visited the countries of the Old 
World in search of health and instruction, but 
always returned home with his love for his 
own government strengthened by comparison 
with those abroad. He was a man of courtly 
manners and commanding presence, and 
in society was very genial and engaging. His 
kind heart and generous impulses made him 
a favorite with all classes of men, and he lived 
without enemies, and no one is left of all who 
knew him who does not mourn his death and 
honor his memory. The illness of Judge Gan- 
sevoort was long and trying; but he retained 
his mental powers to the last and sank quiet- 
ly and peacefully to his rest, just as his coun- 
try had entered on the centennial year of its 
independence, in achieving which his father 
had rendered such important service. His 
funeral took place on Saturday, January 8, 
1876, and was very largely attended by public 
officers as well as by family friends and citi- 
zens. The officers of the Albany Burgesses 



Corps, with the patriotic spirit which always 
marked that organization, attended in military 
undress as a guard of honor; and the cadets 
of the Albany Academy, to the number of 
nearly one hundred, were also present in their 
drill uniform. Religious services were per- 
formed at the house by the Rev. Dr. Clark 
, of the North Dutch (Reformed) Church, of 
which church Judge Gansevoort was a mem- 
ber in communion ; and his remains were con- 
veyed to that cemetery for which he had done 
so much. 

In 1833 Judge Gansevoort married (first) 
Mary Sanford. born 1814, died 1841, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Nathan Sanford, chancellor of 
this state, and subsequently senator in Con- 
gress. He married (second) December 12, 
1843, Susan Lansing, who died in October, 
1874, daughter of Abraham G. Lansing, of 
Albany. Children: Henry Sanford (see 
post); Mary; Catherine, married Abraham 
Lansing, and survives him; Herman. 

(VI) Colonel Henry Sanford Gansevoort, 
U. S. A., son of Judge Peter and Mary (San- 
ford) Gansevoort, was born in Albany, New 
York, December 15, 1835, and died April 12, 
1871, on board the steamer "Drew," in the 
Hudson river, opposite Rhinebeck, on the pas- 
sage home from Nassau, New Providence. 
His earlier education was received at the Al- 
bany Academy and Phillips Andover Acad- 
emy, where he fitted for college, then entered 
the sophomore class at Princeton College, 
where he soon became a member of the same 
literary society to which his father had be- 
longed many years before, and was graduated 
in 1855, with distinguished honors; his col- 
legiate course having been highly successful, 
not alone in mere scholarship, but in having 
secured to him a fixed position among his as- 
sociates as the possessor of leading and bril- 
liant qualities of mind. This general success 
as a student culminated well at the close of 
his college life, when his display of oratorical 
ability at commencement was regarded as 
showing the possession of powers of a high 
order. Leaving college he entered Harvard 
Law School, and afterward became a student 
in the law office of Sprague & Fillmore, Buf- 
falo, New York, and still later with Bow- 
doin. Barlow & Larocque, New York City; 
and while with the latter firm he accompanied 
his father, mother and sister to Europe, and 
remained abroad about fifteen months. On 
his return he became law partner with George 
H. Brewster, in New York, and as a member 
of that firm engaged in active practice at the 
beginning of the civil war. 

Many incidents of his life thoroughly prove 
that while emulous of civil distinction he nev- 



yo 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



ertheless had a strong inclination for the mil- 
itary service ; and with tastes and predilec- 
tions of this character it is not strange that 
in the public incidents at this time occurring 
his active mind should at once seek employ- 
ment in a new and congenial career. He had 
joined the Seventh Regiment of New York 
militia, which was among the first to be sent 
to Washington at the outbreak of the war, 
and at a time when that city was cut off from 
all communication with the North. He served 
as private with the regiment until its return ; 
but what was to some of his comrades the 
termination of a dangerous service was to him 
but the beginning of an active public duty to 
which he became solely devoted, and to which 
he finally gave up his life. He accordingly 
applied himself to obtaining a commission in 
the regular service, for which purpose he 
went to Washington, and after many delays 
and disappointments he was rewarded by re- 
ceiving a commission as second lieutenant in 
the Fifth Regiment of regular artillery, U. S. 
A. After receiving his commission and while 
General McClellan was moulding the material 
under his command into the Army of the Po- 
tomac, Colonel Gansevoort was under orders 
as second lieutenant in a camp of instruction 
at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, fitting himself 
for the duties of an artillery officer. He 
joined JMcClellan on the Peninsula, and was 
with the Potomac army throughout the penin- 
sular campaign after it left Yorktown. He 
was in the second battle of Bull Run, and 
afterward at Antietam, where his battery was 
placed in a position near the famous cornfield, 
by Hooker's orders, and sustained heavy loss 
in men and horses. He was with his battery 
throughout the battle, and for a time was in 
command. 

Obtaining a leave of absence from the reg- 
ular army to take a command in the volun- 
teers. Colonel Gansevoort was appointed by 
Governor Seymour, lieutenant-colonel of the 
Thirteenth Regiment New York X'olunteer 
Cavalry, took command of his regiment soon 
after his appointment, and was almost imme- 
diately ordered to take it to Washington. 
This was alxnit the time when Lee was ad- 
vancing to the Potomac and just previous to 
the battle of Chancellorsville. His command, 
new. undisciplined, and never before in the 
field, was put on duty in the defenses of 
Washington. It is stated in Colonel Ganse- 
voort's letters that after he had obeyed or- 
ders to report at Washington and had re- 
ported the strength of his command, he re- 
ceived an immediate reply that there were an 
equal number of horses and saddles awaiting 
them, and orders to go forward to the defense 



of the capital. In these embarrassing circum- 
stances, with a regiment secured in the ad- 
vanced period of enlisting, with untried and 
to a great extent turbulent and insubordinate 
soldiers. Colonel Gansevoort's conduct was 
worthy of the highest commendation. After 
Lee's retreat the Thirteenth was stationed in 
\'irginia and at other posts with troops en- 
gaged in watching the actions of Mosby, and 
in seeking to effect his capture, a feat at one 
time actually accomplished by a detachment 
acting under Colonel Gansevoort's immediate 
orders. The escape of Mosby after capture, 
by his feigning to be badly wounded and dy- 
ing, was an incident of peculiar interest 
among the many adventures that attended his 
sphere of service. At another time, through 
a well-conceived and successfully executed 
plan. Colonel Gansevoort was rewarded for 
his patience and energy by the capture of 
Mosby's artillery, which crippled him and in 
a measure defeated his further raids on the 
troops stationed in that vicinity. The duties 
of this service demanded constant vigilance 
and activity, and he discharged them with zeal 
and fidelity, at the time fully acknowledged 
by the government. His regiment was among 
the very last mustered out of service, and its 
condition at that time was not inferior to any 
other cavalry regiment in the volunteers. 

Colonel Gansevoort was brevetted briga- 
dier-general of volunteers and lieutenant- 
colonel in the regular service, and held at the 
time of his death the rank of captain of ar- 
tillery in the regular line of promotion in 
the United States army. After the close of 
the war he was ordered to Fortress Monroe 
and thence to Barrancas, Florida, and from 
the latter place to Fort Independence, 
Boston Harbor. During his long period of 
service he was several times prostrated with 
fever, the germs of which appeared to re- 
main in his system and to cause at intervals 
new attacks. He was thus prostrated anew 
in the fall of 1870, and when the fever had 
nearly abated he sought his home at Albany, 
wliere he arrived with a bad cough which con- 
stantly increased upon him. Not long after 
his return he insisted on going back to Bos- 
ton, and although his strength seemed not to 
warrant it he had so determinedly made up 
his mind to go that remonstrance was with- 
out avail; and it is evident that his chief pur- 
pose was to arrange such afifairs as he had 
been tmable to attend to during his illness. 
His visit to Nassau, New Providence, which 
failed to give him any hopes of a restoration 
to health ; his yearning for home and its com- 
forts and consolations ; his homeward jour- 
ney in company with his sister who could not 



HUDSOX AXD MOHAWK VALLEYS 



71 



be kept from his side; his gradually wasting' 
strength as he neared that home, the goal of 
his earthly hopes, on the bosom of his be- 
loved river ; his consciousness of the death 
soon to close over him ; and his readiness to 
meet his end, firm in his honor as a soldier 
and humble in his faith as a Christian — these 
scenes follow in sad but quick succession 
upon all that was earthly of the beloved ob- 
ject of this sketch. 

Colonel Gansevoort had taste in drawing 
and painting and was a devoted lover of his- 
tory ; and his inclination for oratory was very 
strong. He also had a taste for writing, and 
from boyhood he was distinguished for his 
readiness in debate and the facility with which 
he could express his thoughts. When he left 
Albany Academy he delivered the salutatory 
oration, and his address at Princeton when 
he graduated is remembered as conspicuous 
among the exercises of the day. On one oc- 
casion at Allentown, Pennsylvania, he deliv- 
ered an Independence Day address which was 
spoken of in terms of warm commendation. 
While in the army he was frequently called 
upon to act on courts-martial, where his pow- 
ers were thoroughly tested and his ability 
conspicuously exhibited, and he was unde- 
viatingly honorable, and the possession of this 
admirable trait was fully recognized by all 
who came in contact with him. Notwith- 
standing his decided political convictions, it 
"was a part of his creed tliat the duties of a 
soldier were incompatible with any active par- 
ticipation in political strifes ; and as he never 
was troubled with misgivings when the path 
of duty lay clear before him, the adoption 
of this article of faith without hesitation was 
followed by a strict adherence to its injunc- 
tions from which he never departed. 

(The \'an Schaick Line). 
Those islands formed by the spuytens or 
sprouts of the }iIohawk, and a large tract of 
land to the northward, including the present 
village of Waterford, originally called the 
"Halve Maan," or Half-AIoon, were granted 
by the Indian chiefs (permission having been 
obtained from Governor Nichols) to Goosen 
Gerritsen \'an Schaick and Philip Petersen 
Schuyler. September 11, 1665 (the original 
deed is still extant). The latter, on July 12, 
1674. conveyed his interests in the lands em- 
braced by the government to his associate, 
Van Schaick, who by will deeded the lands to 
bis wife Anetje. .After his death she conveyed 
them to his son Anthony for the consideration 
of five hundred and fifty good marketable 
beaver skins. This grant was confirmed by 
Governor Lovelace, Alarch 30, 1672, and af- 



terward Governor Thomas Dongan, then gov- 
ernor of the province of New York, by his 
patent dated May 31, 1687, confirmed in .An- 
thony \'an Schaick the sole title to said land 
in consideration of an annual quit rent of one 
bushel of winter wheat (both the Lovelace 
and Dongan patents are still in existence, and 
are in an excellent state of presen'ation). The 
Indian name of \'an Schaick Island was 
"Quahemesicos," and the names of the Indian 
proprietors at the time of the transfer to \'an 
Schaick and Schuyler were Itamonet, Amen- 
hasnet and Kishocasna. The Dutch called 
it "Long Island." In the early writings it 
was called "Whale Island." After the trans- 
fer it was called "Anthony's Island." It is 
also called "Isle Cohoes," or "Cohoes Isl- 
and." It was the first land cultivated north 
of the present city limits of Cohoes. 

(I) Captain Goosen Gerritsen \"an Schaick, 
born in 1630, died in 1676. He married, 
(first) in 1649, Geertje Brantse Peelen or 
Pealen, who died about 1656, married (sec- 
ond) in 1657, Annatie Lievens or Lievense. 
Captain Van Schaick was a brewer and a 
prominent man in Albany. Children by first 
wife: Genetic, married Johannes Lansing; 
Gerrit, born 1650, married Alida \'an Slich- 
tenhorst : Sybrant, see forward ; Anthony, 
born 1665. Children by second wife: Liven- 
ius, whose daughter Gerritje married .Andrew 
Drawyer, a Danish admiral in the Dutch ser- 
vice : Cornells ; Margareta. 

(II) Sybrant, son of Captain Goosen Ger- 
ritsen Van Schaick, was born in 1653, died 
in 1685. He married Elizabeth \'an Der 
Poel. Children : Goosen, born 1677, married 
Catherine Staats : Catherine, born 1679; An- 
thony, see forward : Gerrit, born 1685. 

( III ) Anthony, son of Sybrant and Eliza- 
beth (\'an Der Poel) \'an Schaick. was born 
in 1 68 1, died in 1756. He was a glazier, and 
lived in Albany. In 1717 he was commis- 
sioned cornet by Governor Robert Hunter. In 
an act passed December 22, 1717, there is 
provided for the payment of claims against 
the colony, "to Anthony \'an Schaick, his exe- 
ecutors or assigns the quantity of two ounces 
two pennyweight of plate (Spanish coin) 
aforesaid for mending of glass windows in 
his Majesty's garrison at Albany." There are 
many references to him in the records of his 
day. The family were in most everything in 
the way of business merchandising, trading 
with the Indians, agriculture. Deeds, inden- 
tures, conveyances, accounts, etc., in the fam- 
ily name, are numerous and interesting. He 
married, October 19, 1707, Anna Catherine 
Ten Broeck, who died in 1756. Children : 
Sybrant, born 1708; Wessel, see forward; 



72 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Elizabeth, born 1716; Jacob, born 17 18; 
Looniis, 1720; Goosen, 1722. 

(lY) Wessel, son of Sybrant and Anna 
Catherine (Ten Broeck) Van Schaick, was 
baptized February 16, 1712, died IMarch 13, 
1783. He married Maria Gerritse Van 
Schaick, who died January 31, 1797, aged 
seventy-nine years. Children: Anthony, born 
September 6. 1744; Maritje, Ixjrn July 25, 
1746. died AugTist 16. 1813 ; Jan Gerse, born 
September 24, 1748, died July 7, 1828, mar- 
ried Anna Van Schaick; Cattrina (Cathe- 
rine), born August 16, 1752, see forward; 
Gerrit, born May 22, 1758, in Albany, died 
December 14, 1816, in Lansingburg. 

(\") Catherine, daughter of Wessel and 
Maria G. \'an .Schaick, was born August 
16, 1752. She married, December 17, 1778, 
General Peter Gansevoort (see Gansevoort). 
With this marriage the relationship between 
the Lansing. Van Schaick and Gansevoort 
families is established. 



The American ancestor of this 
LANSING fine old Dutch family, famed 
in the early and subsequent 
annals of the Hudson Valley, was Gerrit 
Frederickse (termination sc has force of son), 
son of Frederick Lansing, of the town of 
Hasselt. in the province of Overyssel. The 
name is found in the early records as Lan- 
singh, Lansinck (Lansinck family has dif- 
ferent coat-of-arms. See De Rietstap's "Arm- 
orial Bearings" — the De Brett of the conti- 
nent) — and Lansing. They settled early in the 
Hudson (later in the Mohawk) Valley, where 
they had large land grants and were traders, 
farmers and mechanics. One of the family, 
Abraham J., had land granted him along the 
Hudson, on which he founded the town of 
Lansingburg, now a part of the city of Troy, 
New York. 

(I) Gerrit Frederickse Lansing came to 
New Amsterdam with three sons and three 
daughters, all born before leaving Hasselt, and 
settled in Reiisselaerwyck, probably about 
1650. The date of the death of Gerrit Fred- 
erickse Lansing, the emigrant ancestor, is 
only determined as being prior to October 3, 
1679, as on that day his children made a joint 
conveyance of property, supposedly as heirs 
of the father. Children: i. Gerrit. see 
forward. 2. Johannes, married Geritje Van 
Schaick, widow of Hendrick Coster. 3. Ilen- 

drick. married Lysbeth . 4. Altje 

C/Mida). married Gerrit Van Slichtenhorst. 3. 
Gysbcrtie, married Hendrick Roseboom. 6. 
Hilletje, married Storm \'an Der Zee 
(Bradt). 

(H) Gerrit, son of Gerrit F. Lansing, 



was born probably in Hasselt, Holland. 
He married Elsje, daughter of Wouter Van 
\\'ythorst. Children: i. Gerrit (3), mar- 
ried Catherine Sanders Glen, August 21, 1692. 
2. Abraham, born 1663, married Magdalena 
\'an Tricht, November 28, 1703. 3. Johan- 
nes, born January i, 1675, died August 10, 
1 77 1, aged ninety-six years seven months, ten 
days ; married Helena Sanders. September 20, 
1704. 4. Susanna, married Mattys Nack, July 
24. 1698. 5. Isaac, born May 14, 1677; mar- 
ried Janetje Beeckman, June 27, 1703. 6. 
Jacob G., see forward. 7. Myndert, unmar- 
ried. 8. Wouter, baptized August 12, 1683. 
9. Elizabeth, baptized January 20, 1689, died 
September 1730. 

(HI) Jacob G., son of Gerrit and Elsje 
(\'an Wythorst) Lansing, was born in- 
Albany, June 6. 1681, and died there Decem- 
ber 6, 1767. He built a house in 17 10 at 
the corner of North Pearl and Columbia 
streets, Albany, known as the "Pemberton 
House," where all his children were born. 
He married, about 1710. Helena, baptized No- 
vember 21, 1683, daughter of Jacob Sanders 
and Catherine (Van Witbeck) Glen. Chil- 
dren: I. Gerrit J., see forward. 2. Jacob 
J., a revolutionary officer, commanded a regi- 
ment at the battle of Stillwater, New York; 
was a captain in the "Middle Forty" at Scho- 
harie, when it was attacked by Sir John John- 
son and the Indians under Brant ; married 
Marytje Egberts, November 6, 1742. 3. 
John J., married (first) Rachel Elevens, .'\u- 
gust 14. 1 74 1, (second) Cathalina Van 
Schaick, October 20, 1744, (third) Catharina 
.Schuyler, about 1747. 4. Catharine, married 
(first) Abraham Lansing, alxjut 1742, (sec- 
ond) Abraham Douw, November 23, 1761. 5. 
Abraham, married Elizabeth Cooper, May 20, 
1744. 6. Isaac. 7. Sanders J., died unmar- 
ried, April 3, 1807. 8. 9. Elsje and Isaac,. 
twins; Elsje, died April, 1730; Isaac married 
,\nnetje \'an Woert. 

(IV) Gerrit J., son of Jacob G. and 
Helena (Glen) Lansing, was born in Albany,. 
New York, and baptized March 4, 171 1. He 
married (first) November 29, 1734. Maria, 
daughter of Johannes and Barcntje (Pruyn) 
Everts, born October 8. 1713, and buried Jan- 
uary 27, 1741. Children: i. Jacob G. (2), 
married (first) Neeltje Roseboom, March 14,. 
1767, (second) Femmetje (Frances) Lan- 
sing, .Xugust 28, 1774. 2. Maria, died in in- 
fancy. 3. .Alida, died in infancy. He mar- 
ried (second) about 1748, Jane, baptized 
.April 12, 1728, and died Marcii 2. 1810,. 
(laughter of John and .Sarah (W'inne) Wat- 
ers. Children : 4. John, died in childhood. 
5. John, Jr. (2), baptized February 3, 1755. 



HUDSOX AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



75 



The last seen of him was December 12, 1829, 
on the pier where the steamboats left for Al- 
bany, walking towards the boat on which he 
intended going to Albany. (See "Lives of the 
Chancellors.") He dined with his father-in- 
law, Robert Ray, just before his disappear- 
ance in New York City. He was a very 
prominent public man and his death caused 
a deep sensation. He studied law with Rob- 
ert Yates, afterward chief justice of the state, 
and also with James Duane in New York. 
He served under General Philip Schuyler in 
the revolutionary war, being Schuyler's mili- 
tary secretary at Saratoga, and was a distin- 
guished member of the convention that con- 
ducted the civil and military operations of 
the state. Soon after he was appointed mayor 
of Albany, and in 1787 was with Chief Jus- 
tice Yates and General Hamilton delegated by 
the state as member of the convention which 
framed the constitution of the United States. 
On his return he was appointed a judge of the 
supreme court and later to the high position 
of chancellor of the state. He married, April 
8, 1781, Cornelia, daughter of Robert and 
Sarah (Bogart) Ray of New York City. She 
died in Albany, January, 1834. 6. Abraham 
G., see forward. 7. Gerrit G. (known as Ger- 
rit of Oriskany), baptized November 4, 1760, 
died May. 27, 1831. He entered the revolu- 
tionary army at the beginning of the war and 
served until its close. He led a forlorn hope 
at Yorktown and was a distinguished and gal- 
lant officer. He was a colonel in rank. He 
married Maria, daughter of Colonel Edward 
Antill. She died at Utica, New York, Au- 
gust 24, 1834. 8. Sarah, born June 22, 1763, 
married Barent Bleecker. 9. Sanders G., (the 
G. for Gerritse was only used when he was 
a boy to distinguish him from an uncle. San- 
ders Lansing), was born in Albany, June 17, 
1766: educated to legal profession in Albany 
and Claverack schools : was register iind mas- 
ter in chancery in Albany ; removed from 
Albany to Little Falls in 1820; in 1821 was a 
delegate to draw up new state constitutions ; 
1821-28 was county judge of Herkimer 
county. New York ; afterward supreme court 
judge; died in Manheim, New York, Sep- 
tember 19, 1850: married, December 10, 1789, 
Catharine, daughter of Abraham and Annatje 
(Lansing) Ten Eyck. 

(\') Abraham G., son of Gerrit J. and 
Jane (Waters) Lansing, was born December 
12. 1756, died May 15, 1834. He married, 
April 9, 1779, Susanna, daughter of Abra- 
ham and Anetje (De Ridder) Yates, born 
August 18, 1762, died February i, 1840. 
Children: i. Jannetje, born February 18, 
1780; died unmarried, November 3, 1830. 



2. Abraham, died young. 3. Gerrit Y., born 
August 4, 1783. died January 3, 1862; he held 
many positions of honor and trust in the city 
and county of Albany. He was in early life 
private secretary to Governor Morgan Lewis, 
clerk of the assembly, and judge of probate. 
He represented the district in the twent\-sec- 
ond, twenty-third and twenty-fourth con- 
gresses of the United States. He was elected 
a regent of the State University to succeed 
ex-President Martin Van Buren. He mar- 
ried. May 31, 1808, Plelen Ten Eyck, born 
June 13, 1787, died June 25, 1838. 4. Cor- 
nelius De Ridder, born November 17, 1785, 
died September 1849. 5. John, died single. 
6. Antje, died young. 7. Sanders, born April 
15, 1792, married .Angelica Schuyler, in 1821. 
8. Christopher Y., see forward. 9. Susan, mar- 
ried Peter Gansevoort, December 12, 1843, 
died October 28, 1874. 10. Anna, born Janu- 
ary 26. 1799, married Rev. Walter Monteath; 
died January 20, 1830. 11. Sarah B., born 
September 5. 1802, died unmarried. 12. Ba- 
rent Bleecker, married Philanda Orcutt. 13. 
George, married Harriet Schermerhorn. 14. 
Abraham Y., born September 8, 1808. and 
died November 24, 1857 ;' married Eliza \'an 
Alstyne, April 26, 1836. 

(\T) Christopher Yates, eighth child of 
Abraham G. and Susanna (Yates) Lansing, 
was born May 27, 1796, died in Albany, Au- 
gust 29, 1872. He was a leading lawyer of 
Albany. He married, October 27, 1829, Caro- 
line Mary Thomas, born March 23, 1805, died 
April 29, 1845. Children : Jane Anna ; John 
Thomas, died unmarried, April 14, 1880: .Ab- 
raham I see forward) : William, married Oc- 
tober 17, 1867, Caroline .A. ]\IcClellan : Ed- 
win Yates. 

(VH) Abraham, third child of Christopher 
Yates and Caroline M. (Thomas) Lansing, 
was born in Albany, New York, February 2"], 
1835. died October 4. 1899. His academic 
education was received in the schools of Berk- 
shire county, Alassachusetts, and at the Al- 
bany .Academy. He entered Williams Col- 
lege, where he was graduated with the degree 
of A.B., class of 1855. He decided to follow 
the profession of law, and entered his father's 
ofifice for study and instruction. He was grad- 
uated from the Albany Law School in 1857. 
He at once advanced to the front rank and 
in a short time was looked upon as a leader 
in his profession. In 1868 he was appointed 
city attorney of .Albany, and in 1869 was 
made the first supreme court reporter. While 
in that position he published the first seven 
volumes of the supreme court reports. In 
1874 he was appointed by Governor Di.\ act- 
ing state treasurer, and in 1876 he was chosen 



74 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



corporation counsel for Albany. In 1882 he 
was elected state senator for Albany county, 
receiving the largest majority ever given a 
candidate for that office. While in the senate 
he was actively identified with the passage 
■of the act establishing the State Railroad 
Commission and the law providing for the 
•establishment of a state park at Niagara Falls. 
He was interested in other lines of activity 
outside his political and professional duties. 
He was a director of the National Commer- 
'cial Bank, trustee of the Albany Savings 
Bank, park commissioner of Albany, governor 
■of the Albany Hospital, trustee of the Al- 
bany Academy, Albany Medical College, Al- 
bany Rural Cemetery, Dudley Observatory 
and the Fort Orange Club ; a life member of 
the State Geological Society and other organ- 
izations and clubs. In his legal business Mr. 
Lansing had a partner, his brother William. 
He married. November 26, 1873, Catherine, 
■daughter of General Peter (2) and Mary 
(Sanford) Gansevoort, (see Gansevoort). 
Airs. Lansing survives her husband. She is 
a granddaughter of General Peter and Cath- 
trine (\'an Schaick) Gansevoort. 



(VI) Gerrit Yates, son of 
LANSING Abraham Gerrit Lansing 

(q. V.) and Susanna (Yates) 
Lansing, was born in Albany, August 4, 1783, 
died January 3, 1862. He held a number of 
positions of honor and trust in Albany. In 
•early life he was private secretary to Gover- 
nor -Morgan Lewis, clerk of the assembly, 
judge of probate, represented the county in 
the twenty-second, twenty-third and twenty- 
fourth congresses, was elected regent of the 
LIniversity in place of ex-President Martin 
\'an Buren, and at the time of his death was 
chancellor of the regents. He was a man of 
genial nature, kind, frank, honest and most 
■open-hearted, respected and beloved by 
all, and affectionate and benevolent, with the 
peculiar habit of attracting the young people. 
He was respected as a gentleman of polish 
and refinement, in fact, a true representative 
of the school in which were Clay, Webster, 
Wright, Marcy and Van Buren. He married, 
May 31, 1808, Helen, born June 13, 1787, 
■died June 25, 1838, daughter of Abraham Ten 
Eyck, (son of Jacob C. and Catharina (Cuy- 
ler) Ten Eyck, who was born in .Albany, No- 
vember 29, 1743, died November 7, 1824), 
and .-Xnnetje (I-ansing), Ten Eyck. Chil- 
■dren : Charles Bridgen, see forward : Jane 
Ann. married, 1841, Robert Hewson Pruyn ; 
Susan Yates, born Albany, August 5, 1816, 
■died there, January 15, 1911, unmarried; 
Abraham ( lerrit, died single. 



(\TI) Charles Bridgen, son of Gerrit 
Yates and Helen (Ten Eyck) Lansing, was 
born at Albany, New York, July 4, 1809, 
died at his home, No. 146 State street, in 
that city, of acute pneumonia, on December 
I, 1890. He resided throughout his entire 
life in Albany. Although more than eighty 
years of age when he died, up to the time 
of his final sickness he was energetically en- 
gaged in looking after his business interests, 
which were considerable, as he was a large 
real estate owner in the city, and also in Syra- 
cuse. His natural qualities of mind were 
strengthened and matured by a liberal educa- 
tion and the study of a learned profession. 
He was of decided practical ideas, and al- 
though he favored a college education, he 
considered that it should be for the purpose 
of serious study to fit one for the activities 
of affairs later on. His judgment was thus 
well developed at an early age, and it was 
natural that success for him was assured from 
the start. He was a man of marked charac- 
teristics, genial to a friend, prompt in his 
business dealings, possessed a progressive and 
enterprising spirit, and yet was appreciated 
largely for his conservatism. For these rea- 
sons he was not only well liked, but his cour- 
teous counsel was much sought. The simple 
life of his ancestors was more to. his liking 
than the hum and bustle, the conventionalities 
and inconsistencies of modern life in its 
search for happiness. Although rural pur- 
suits would have furnished him greater pleas- 
ures than those of .society, yet he did not 
withdraw himself from the duties and re- 
sponsibilities which pressed around him, dis- 
cliarging all faithfully and well. He was a 
director of the Commerce Insurance Com- 
pany, and one of the oldest directors of the 
Albany Insurance Company, having served 
continuously from January, 1864, until his 
death, 01; twenty-six years. He was one of 
the oldest trustees of the Albany Savings 
Bank, chosen in 1868, and was one of the 
early promoters and most liberal supporters 
of the Thomson Pulp & Paper Comjjany, of 
Thomson, New York, to whom it owed much 
for his intelligent grasp of its advantages 
and the courageous aid by which this manu- 
facturing enterprise gained success. He be- 
came a director of the New York State Na- 
tional Bank on May i, 1865, and the board 
of directors of that institution met on the day 
of his death, and acknowledged by resolution 
that he was the oldest member of the board 
in length of service, that his confreres had 
always found him "active and enterprising, 
his life has been an open book to all our cit- 
izens, and esjiecially so to those who were 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



75 



brought into business or social relations with 
liim ; always constant to his duties, and ser- 
viceable in counsel to his associates." 

Charles B. Lansing, married (first) Cath- 
erine Clinton, daughter of Mayor John and 
Abby (Spencer) Townsend, in 1842, by whom 
he had two children. He married (second) in 
1854. Abby Townsend, sister of his first wife. 
The father of Abby Spencer was Judge Am- 
brose Spencer, who was the thirty-fifth may- 
or of Albany, officiating from March 10, 1824, 
to January i, 1825, and serving a second 
term, from January i, 1825, to January i, 
1826. He was a man of much learning and 
highly respected. Mrs. Charles B. Lansing 
•died at her home. No. 146 State street, Al- 
bany, May 18, 1909. Children: i. John 
Townsend, see forward. 2. Charles Abraham, 
born at Albany, died at Colorado Springs, 
Colorado, December 8, 1890 ; married Sarah 
Macklin : children : Abby Townsend and 
'Charles Bridgen Lansing. 3. Abby Spencer, 
born at Albany : married at Albany, June 
I, 1900. Rev. Edward Griffin Selden, pastor 
of the Second Reformed Dutch Church, 
(Madison Avenue) Albany, who died at Sara- 
toga, June 2, 1904. 4. Edward Yates, born at 
Albany, died unmarried. 5. Gerrit Yates, 
born at Albany, married Sarah Rathbone, 
daughter of General Frederick and Sarah 
(Rathbone) Townsend. 

( XTH ) John Townsend, eldest son of Charles 
Bridgen and Catherine Clinton (Townsend) 
Lansing, was born at Sachem's Head, Con- 
necticut. He received his education at Al- 
bany Academy, Luther's Classical Academy 
of Albany and at Sedgwick Institute, Great 
Barrington, Massachusetts. In 1863 he was 
employed as a clerk in the office of Pruyn 
& Lansing, Albany Iron and Saw Works. In 
1867 he became a partner in Albany Saw 
Works, under the same firm name. Later 
with Mr. Pruyn they organized the Sheffield 
File Works for the manufacture of files : also 
the Embossing Company for the manufactur- 
ing of dominoes and wooden articles. Mr. 
Lansing continued in the business until 1880, 
and since that time has been actively en- 
gaged as trustee of several large estates and 
officially connected with many charitable and 
financial institutions. His interest in art and 
historical matters has always affected his life, 
but was given definite form when he was 
elected president of the Albany Historical and 
Art Society, organized in the fall of 1886, 
following the historical loan exhibition given 
in connection with the Albany Bi-Centennial 
■celebration commemorating the charter of 
July 22, 1686. From that time his interest 
in these matters has never ceased. It was 



only natural, therefore, that on the death of 
Mr. James Ten Eyck, he was chosen presi- 
dent of the Albany Institute and Historical 
and Art Society at a special meeting, Octo- 
ber 25, 1910. Air. Lansing was elected pres- 
ident of the board of governors of the Al- 
bany Hospital and continues as such, giving 
much time and thought to the interests of that 
institution. He is president of the Public 
Market Company of .Albany, the Lan- 
sing Syracuse Realty Company, vice-president 
of the Albany Insurance Company, the 
W heeler Rent and Power Company, the Al- 
bany Rural Cemetery, the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association board of trustees, trustee of 
Dudley Observator}', of Albany Medical Col- 
lege, director of the .Albany Girls' Academy, 
and director of the New York State Na- 
tional Bank and Albany City Mission. He is 
an official member of the Madison Avenue 
Reformed Church, the Holland Society of 
New York, the Fort Orange and Country 
clubs of Albany. 

Mr. Lansing married (first) in Albany, Oc- 
tober 27, 1870. Helen Franchot, born March 
31, 1846, died at Albany, January 28, 1898, 
daughter of Volckert Petrus Douw (born 
April ID, 1790, died at Albany, June 16, 1869) 
who married, June 2, 1834, Helen, daughter 
of Paschal Franchot, of Butternuts, New 
York. \'olckert P. Douw was the son of John 
de Peyster Douw fborn January 20. 1736. 
died February 22, 1835), who married, De- 
cember 22. 1787, Deborah Beeckman (born 
November 26. 1763, died July 23, 1791), 
daughter of Johannes Jacobse Beeckman 
(born at .Albany, August 8, 1733. died De- 
cember 17, 1802), married, November 22, 1759, 
Maria Sanders (born November 26. 1763. 
died November 2. 1784), daughter of John 
and Debora (Glen) Sanders. Mr. Lansing 
married (second) at Paris, France, October 
4, 1900, Leontine de Kay, daughter of John 
Fondey Townsend. M.D.. son of Charles de 
Kay and Maria (Hun) Townsend, who re- 
sided for many years in Albany, practicing 
medicine, and removed to New York City, 
where he died January 8, 1874. Dr. John 
Fondey Townsend married, September 10, 
183^1. Catherine Louise Douw. born September 
TO, 1817. daughter of Jolin de Peyster Douw, 
by his third marriage, January 22, 181 1, to 
Catherine Douw Gansevoort (born May 9, 
1782), daughter of Leonard Gansevoort. died 
December 16, 1834, and Maria Van Rensse- 
laer (born May 11. 1782. died .April 2. 1842), 
daughter of Colonel Kiliaen \'an Rensselaer. 
John de Peyster Douw (born January 20, 
1756, died February 22. 1835) "'^s the son 
of \"olckert Petrus Douw (born March 22,, 



7(^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



1720, died March 20, 1801), married, May 

20, 1742, Anna de Peyster (born Marcli 28, 
1723. died June 14, 1794), daughter of May- 
or Johannes de Peyster (born January 10, 
1694, died February 27, 1789), married, No- 
vember 24, 17 1 5, Anna Schuyler (born Feb- 
ruary 28, 1698, died 1750). Mayor Vol- 
ckert Petrus Douw was the son of Petrus 
Douw (born March 24, 1692, died August 

21, 1775), married, October 8, 1717, Anna 
Van Rensselaer (died March 29, 1756), 
daughter of Hendrick and Catharina (Ber- 
brugge) (or Van Brough) Van Rensselaer. 
Petrus Douw built the homestead on the 
shore of the Hudson river, opposite Albany, 
in 1724, named Wolvenhoeck. 



(HI) Gerrit (3), Lansing, 
LANSING eldest son of Gerrit (q. v.) 
and Elsje (Van Wythorst) 
Lansing, died July 20, 1708. He was a trad- 
er, and had residences in New York, Albany 
and Schenectady. He married. August 21, 
1692, Catherine Sanders, daughter of John 
Sanders Glen, and widow of Cornelis Barents 
Van Ditmars. of Schenectady. She died Feb- 
ruary 15, 1731. Children: Gerrit. see for- 
ward; Johannes, married (first) Catalyntje 
Hun, (second) Jannetje Van Vechten : Anna, 
married Jacob Egniont ; Elsje, baptized March 
12. 1699; Sanders, baptized April 20, 1701 ; 
Susanna, married Evert P. Wendell ; Jacob, 
married Ida Van Wie ; Abraham, married 
(first) Helena \'an Deusen, (second) Cather- 
ine De Forest: Evert (q. v.). 

(IV) Gerrit (4), son of Gerrit (3) and 
Catherine (Glen) Lansing, was born August 
20, 1693. He lived in Albany, where he owned 
a lot in the rear of Bleeker Hall, between 
Dean street and the river. He married Engel- 
tje, buried October 6, 1745, daughter of Rut- 
ger Melcherts \'an Deusen and his wife Wvn- 
tje Harmense Hun. Engcltje \'an Deusen 
was a granddaughter of Abraham Van Deu- 
sen, who settled in Beverwyck at an early date 
coming from New Amsterdam. Children: 
Gerrit (5), married (first) .\nnetje Yates: 
(second) Wycntje Van Den Bergli : Rutger, 
see forward : Johannes, married Catherine 
Burhans ( ?). 

(V) Rutger, second son of Gerrit (4) and 
Engeltje (Van Deusen) Lansing, was bap- 
tized March 25, 1722. He settled in the vi- 
cinity of Cohoes. where he had lands and fol- 
lowed farming. He married, October 27, 
1764, Susanna, born April 18, 173 1, daugh- 
ter of Jacobus Van Schoonhoven. of Half 
Aloon, Saratoga county, New York, and his 
wife Susanna Bratt. 

(VI) Gerrit (5), only son of Rutger and 



Susanna (Van Schoonhoven) Lansing, was- 
born November 18, 1765, on the Lansing' 
homestead just north of Cohoes, and died in 
1824. He was a farmer and millwright. He 
married, September 2. 1787, Alida, born Au- 
gust 21, 1765, daughter of Isaac and Alida 
(Fonda) De Forest. Children: Susanna, 
born August 26. 1788; Isaac De Forest, see- 
forward. 

(VII) Isaac De Forest, only son of Ger- 
rit (5) and Alida (De Forest) Lansing, was- 
born in the town of Watervliet, Albany coun- 
ty. New York, June 17, 1790, died in 1874. 
He was a farmer. He married Rachel' 
Schuyler, born 1792. died 1875. Children: 
I. Gerrit R., born 1814. died 1858: he was 
a farmer of Watervliet, and a millwright;, 
never married. 2. Philip Schuyler, see for- 
ward. 

(\'III) Philip Schuyler, second son of Isaac 
De Forest and Rachel (Schuyler) Lansing, 
was born in the town of Watervliet. on the 
homestead farm, in Albany county. New 
York, 1816, died in Albany, New York, July 
12, 1880. He married (first) Rachel Lever- 
see, born 1818, died 1848: children: i. Peter 
L., born 1847, died 1848. 2. Rachel Schuyler, 
born 1843, died November 22, 1908: married, 
1872. Louis H. Comstock, of Providence, 
Rhode Island. Children : i. ]\Iary L. Com- 
stock, born December 5. 1872, died February 
12, 1905; married William C. Huntoon : chil- 
dren : Louis H. C. Huntoon : William C. Jr., 
ii. Fred S. Comstock. born June 12. 1874, 
now (1910) of Providence, Rhode Island. 
Philip S. Lansing married (second) Sarah 
.\nn \'isscher, of Albany, born 1819, died 
1898. daughter of Johannes B. and Catherine 
J. (Willet) Visscher (see Visscher). Chil- 
dren: 3. Catherine \'.. born May 29. 1850, 
died August 15. 1853. 2. Isaac De Forest, 
see forward. 

fix) Isaac De Forest, only son of Philip- 
-Schuyler and Sarah Ann (Visscher) Lansing, 
v\as born in the town of Watervliet. .Albany 
county. New York, January 2, 1835. In that 
year his parents removed from \\'atervliet to- 
Alhan\'. where he was educated in tlie "Boys' 
.\cadeniy." In 1872 he entered the employ 
of the Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank as a 
clerk, remaining until 1890. when he resigned. 
He succeeded his uncle. John R. \'isscher (de- 
ceased in 1890). as manager of the \"isscher 
family estate, with his cousins, Edgar W. and" 
William L. Visscher, and continues in that 
position to the present time (1910). His 
other business connections are: Trustee of 
Mechanics' and Farmers' Savings Bank ; di- 
rector of .Albany Safe Deposit and Storage- 
Company, and other minor enterprises. His 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



77 



•clubs are the Fort Orange, Albany City, Al- 
bany Country, Mohawk, and Mohawk Golf, of 
Schenectady. He is a governor of the Albany 
•City Hospital ; member of Company A, Al- 
bany Zouave Cadets, and of the Holland So- 
ciety of New York. He is unmarried. 

(Tlie Visscher Line). 
Sarah Ami Msscher Lansing was of the 
sixth generation of \"isschers in America, and 
was a direct descendant of Harmen Visscher, 
the emigrant ancestor. The tradition of the 
family is that originally three brothers only 
of this name came over from Holland and 
settled in Rensselaerwyck. That one being 
a Roman Catholic, soon became dissatisfied 
with his surroundings and returned to Hol- 
land. They were the sons of Bastiaen Vis- 
scher, of rioorn, Holland, who was living 
there in 1675. The family name has been 
retained in this country, and although the 
spelling varies on the records the original 
name is easily recognized. 

(I) Harmen, son of Bas^aen Visscher, of 
Hoorn, Holland, was born in 1619, died about 
the year 1693, in Beverwyck. He was a house- 
holder in Beverwyck in 1678. In 1666 he was 
the village surveyor. He married Hester 
Tierkse. It is supposed they were married in 
New Amsterdam, as their first child was born 
there. She survived her husband and was liv- 
ing in 1693. Children: Tierk, born in New 
Amsterdam, July 7, 1652, married Emmetje 
Jants; Bastiaen (2), married Dirkje Teunis 
De Metselaer; Nanning, see forward; Fred- 
erick, married (first) Margarita Hansen, 
(second) Elizabeth Sanders widow of Evert 
Wendell ; Sarah, married Gerrit Lucas Wyn- 
gaart ; Hester, married Abram S. Groot ; Jo- 
hannes, married Elizabeth Nottingham ; Ma- 
ria, married Philip Wendell; Ariantje, mar- 
ried Hieronemous Wendell; Geertje, married 
Cornelis Dirkse Van Schellyne. 

(II) Nanning, son of Harmen and Hester 
(Tierkse) \'isscher, died in Albany, New 
York, and was buried April 8, 1730. He 
married. January 6, 1686, Alida, daughter of 
Jan Dirkse and Maritje Vinhagen. Children: 
I. Harmanus. baptized January 23, 1689; died 
young. 2. Maria, married Jacob Hollenbeck. 
3. Hester, married Jacob Vander Heyden. 4. 
Harmanus (2), baptized September 2, 1694. 
5. Geertruy, married David Van Der Hey- 
den. 6. Ahda, baptized same day as her sis- 
ter Geertruy, March 8, 1696. 7. Johannes N., 
see forward. 8. Harmen. baptized December 
29. 1700 ; married Rachel Vander Heyden, 
February 24, 1739. 9. Alida, married Jacob 
Ten Eyck. 10. Nicholas, married Annatje 
Tymensen. 



(III) Johannes N., son of Nanning and 
Alida (Vinhagen) Visscher, was baptized in 
.\lbany, August 14, 1698. He made his will 
Sejitember 18, 1744, and mentioned all his 
children except Anne. He married, Febru- 
ary 16, 1728, Annctje Staats, born December 
24, 1703, daughter of Barent Jochems and 
Neeltje Gerretsie (Van den Bergh) Staats. 
Children: AHda, died young; Neeltje, baptized 
March 28, 1730, married Jacob \'an Wagener, 
of New York ; Anna, died young ; Nanning 
J., married (first) Catretie Wendell, (sec- 
ond ) Helena Lansing ; Alida, married Gerrit 
Roerback, of New York ; Barent J., see for- 
ward ; Johannes (Colonel), married Elizabeth 
Bratt; Jochim, died 1747, aged seven years; 
Gerrit (General), married Lady Sarah Turn- 
er, in Ireland, entered the British service and 
rose to the rank of general, no issue. 

(IV) Barent J., son of Johannes N. and 
Annetje (Staats) Visscher, was baptized in 
Albany. March 13, 1737. He married, April 
22, 1765, Sarah, born September 20, 1741, 
daughter of Harmanus, granddaughter of Bas- 
tiaen and great-granddaughter of Harmen 
Visscher, "the founder." She survived her 
husband and died April 22, 1822, in her eigh- 
ty-first year. She made a will June 7, 1822, 
and mentions John B. \'isscher, Annatje, wid- 
ow of Douw Lieverse, Alida Evertson, grand- 
son Harmen, granddaughter Sarah, widow of 
Franc Lansing, and granddaughter Sarah, 
wife of Adrian Winne. Children of Barent 
J. and Sarah Visscher: Annatje, married 
Douw Lieverse ; Sarah, married Benjamin 
Van Sant ; Johannes B., see forward ; Alida, 
died young; Harmen. born 1774, married 
Anna M. Chapman; Alida (2), married John 
Evertson. 

(V) Johannes B., son of Barent J. and Sa- 
rah (\'isscher) Msscher. was born in Albany, 
September 4, 1769, died in that city April 

15, 1825. He married (first) Geertry , 

born October 17, 1777, died February i, 1804; 
(second) Catherine, born June 14, 1779, died 
May I, 1862, daughter of Edward S. and 
Sarah (Fryer) Willet. Children of first mar- 
riage : I. Harmen, born January 4, 1802; 
married -Ann M. Chapman. 2. Geertruy, mar- 
ried Lovell. Children of second mar- 
riage : 3. Barent, died in infancy. 4. Barent, 
(2), died aged twenty-two years, unmarried. 
5. Edward, died aged three years. 6. Gerrit, 
died in infancy. 7. Edward (2), died un- 
married. 8. Sarah Ann, see forward. 9. Ly- 
dia. died unmarried, id. John B., born Au- 
gust 31, 1825. died 1890; married (first) Ann 
Ten Eyck; (second) Alida Douw Lansing. He 
was manager of the large V^isscher estates un- 
til his death, being succeeded by his nephew, 



78 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Isaac De Forest Lansing. (See Lansing IX.) 
(M) Sarah Ann, daughter of Johannes B. 
and Catherine (Willet) X'isscher. was born 
in Albany, November 30, 1819, died m that 
city April 28, 1898. She married, Decem- 
ber 19, 1849. Philip Schuyler Lansing. (See 
Lansing VIII.) Children: Catherine V. and 
Isaac De Forest Lansing. During the 
nearly three centuries that are covered by 
this brief record of two of the leading fam- 
ilies of the Upper Hudson and Mohawk Val- 
leys there have been many noted men m both 
families. They have been leaders at the bar, 
judges and chancellors, congressmen, and of- 
ficers high in military rank. Perhaps the hero 
of the \'isschers was Colonel Frederick \ is- 
scher. son of Harmon, son of Frederick, son 
of Harmen Visscher, "the founder." He was 
born in Albany, February 21, 1741, died at 
the family mansion near Fonda, Montgomery 
county. New York, (Canda, called the most 
beautiful country residence in that region), 
June 9 1809. He married Gazena, daughter 
of Daniel and Gazena (Swits) De Graff, and 
had nine children. After his marriage he 
resided a short distance from the paternal 
mansion, his brothers John and Harmon and 
sisters Geertruv and Margaret residing with 
their mother at the homestead. The Vis- 
scher brothers were uncompromising patriots 
and exceedingly obnoxious to their Tory 
neighbors, headed by Sir John Johnson. Fear- 
ing an invasion. Colonel Visscher sent his 
wife and infant family to Schenectady for 
safety, and took up his residence at the home- 
stead. On Sunday night, May 21, 1780, Sir 
John Johnson, at the head of five hundred 
British Tories and Indians, descended on the 
Johnstown settlements from Canada. Divid- 
ing his forces-. Colonel Johnson sent part of 
them, mostly Indians and Tories, to Tribes' 
Hill, under command of Henry and William 
Bowen. After burning the house of Barney 
Hensen they proceeded to the home of Col- 
onel Mssch'er, but finding it unoccupied set 
it on fire and hastened to the Visscher man- 
sion, which they reached just at daylight. 
There was in the house, Colonel Visscher, his 
mother, two brothers and two sisters. The 
brothers defended the house for some time 
after the enemy gained an entrance below, 
and while fighting on the stairs the sisters es- 
caped from the cellar kitchen and fled to the 
woods not far distant. The mother, alx)ut 
to follow, was struck down by a blow on the 
head from the butt of a musket, but left un- 
scal|)cd. The brothers continued to fight un- 
til their ammunition was exhausted, and as 
the enemy came up the stairs Colonel Visscher 
discharged his pistol, and, throwing it behind 



him in token of submission, called for quar- 
ter. An Indian running up struck him a blow 
with a tomahawk that brought him to the 
floor. He fell upon his face and the Indiarf 
took the crown scalp from his head that en- 
titled him to the reward, then giving him a 
gash in the back turned him over and at- 
tempted to cut his throat, which was only 
prevented by his cravat, the knife penetrating- 
just through the skin. His brother. Captaim 
John, retreated to a corner of the room and' 
continued the fight. An Indian, seeing himi 
armed with a sword, hurled a tomahawk at 
his head and brought him down. He was 
killed outright, scalped, and left where he fell. 
Harmon jumped from a back window and' 
attempted to escape, but was shot, killed and 
scalped. The house was then plundered andl 
set on fire. After the enemy left. Colonel 
\'isscher recovered consciousness and discov- 
ered his brother John's dead body and the 
house on fire. He succeeded in removing the 
Ijody of John from the burning house, and 
then assisted his mother, who was seated in a 
chair, the bottom of which had already caught 
fire, to a place of safety. This chair is still 
I)reserved by the De Grafif family, who oc- 
cupy the Visscher mansion. Carrying out a 
bed, he lay down on it, thoroughly exhausted, 
and in this condition was discovered by "Black 
Tom," a slave belonging to Adam Zeily. Tom 
revived him with water brought from the 
brook, and harnessing a team to a wagon, took 
the colonel, his mother and the bodies of his 
murdered brothers, to the river, at David 
Putnam's. His sisters, hearing the noise of 
the wagon, came out of the woods and were 
taken along to safety. The family were taken 
across the river to Ephrahim Wemps, who 
seeing tlie colonel required medical assistance 
sent him in a canoe to Schenectady. Colonel 
\'isscher bore through life the broad scar left 
on his head by the scalping knife, and on all 
public occasions this was covered by a silver 
plate made for the purpose. Previous to 
this time he had fought with honor at the 
battle of Oriskany, August 6, 1777. In June, 
1782. when President Washington made a 
tour through northern New York, an ele- 
gant entertainment was given him at Schenec- 
tady, on which occasion he placed Colonel 
\'isscher at his right hand in honor of his 
patriotic service. He was appointed briga- 
dier-general in 1787 by Governor George 
Clinton, but declinecl the iionor. On March 
27, 1787, he was appointed the first judge 
of the court of common pleas of Montgomery 
county, serving with ability and honor until 
1 801. He was also a member of the state 
legislature. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



79 



(H) Hendrick G.Lansing, son 
LANSING of Gerrit (i) Lansing (q. v.), 
was born in Holland, was in 
Albany as early as 1666, died July i, 1709. 
He married Lysbeth , and had five chil- 
dren. 

(HI) Jacob Hendrick, son of Hendrick G. 
and Lysbeth Lansing, died October 17, 1756. 
He married, September 20, 1701, Helena, 
daughter of Frans Janse and Alida Pruyn, 
and had ten children. 

(IV) Abraham Jacobus, son of Jacob Hen- 
drick and Helena (Pruyn) Lansing, was bap- 
tized April 24, 1720. He was the ancestor 
of the Lansings of Lansingburg and Troy, 
and the founder of the village of Lansingburg 
now consolidated with and a part of the city 
of Troy. He died October 9, 1791. The 
farm on which Lansingburg is built he bought 
from the heirs of Johannes Wendell, June 21, 
1763, for £300. It is remarkable to learn that 
Peter Van Woggelum, who sold the site of 
Troy to the \'ander Heydens, also sold to 
Johannes Wendell the site of Lansingburg in 
1683. Now the two cities are united and 
the two families, Lansing and Vander Hey- 
den, have intermarried in several generations. 
Abraham J. Lansing, married, about 1745, 
Catharine, daughter of Levinus and Catryna 
(\^an der Bergh) Lieverse. 

(V) Levinus, son of Abraham J. and Cath- 
arine (Lieverse) Lansing, was baptized Au- 
gust 6, 1749. He married and had a son, 
Abraham L. 

(VI) Abraham Levinus, son of Levinus 
Lansing, was born in Lansingburg, New 
York, 1774, died September, 1836. He was 
a man of means and conducted a large farm 
near Lansingburg, living in the town. He 
married, January 22, 1810, Anna Vander 
Heyden, born January 23, 1782, died Sep- 
tember 22, 1855, at Lansingburg, only child 
of Nanning and Catherine (Leversee) Van- 
der Heyden. They had eleven children (see 
\'ander Heyden VI). 

(VII) Nanning Vander Heyden, fourth 
child of Abraham Levinus and Anna (\'an- 
der Heyden) Lansing, was born in Half 
Moon, Saratoga county. New York, May 17, 
1806, died in Troy, New York, May, 1862. 
He was a farmer of Half Moon many years, 
then removed to Troy, New York, where he 
engaged in the ice business. He retired from 
business for several years prior to his death. 
He was a Democrat in his political views, but 
was not an active party man. He married 
Jane Eliza, born in Castleton, New York, 
1816, died in Troy, September. 1876, daugh- 
ter of Philip and Dorcas (Sheldan) Finkle, of 
Vermont. 



(\TII) Catherine Vander Heyden, eldest 
child of Nanning Vander Heyden and Jane 
Eliza (I'inkle) Lansing, was born in Lansing- 
burg, New York. March 26, 1835. She mar- 
ried, July 14, 1868, John William McPher- 
son, Ix)rn in Portland, Maine, in the United 
States barracks. May 15, 1834, died at Lan- 
singburg, New York, January 8, 1896. He 
was a carriage trimmer in the Lansingburg 
factory ; was first employed in Troy. He was 
an exceedingly quiet and retiring man, not 
inclined to make friends easily, but when once 
made his friendships were lasting. Children: 
I. Catherine, died in infancy. 2. Charles 
Lansing McPherson, born December 10, 1874, 
died July 22, 1882. 

(The Vander Heyden Line). 

Jacob Tyssen Van Der Heyden, tailor,, 
came from New Amsterdam to Beverwyck in 
1654, having emigrated to New Amsterdam 
the previous year from Holland. He was 
over sixty years of age in 1676. He married, 
July 25, 1655, in Amsterdam, Holland, Anna 
Hals. They had one son. Dirk. 

(II) Dirk, son of Jacob T. and Anna 
(Hals) \'an Der Heyden, "Tapper" of Rens- 
selaerwyck, on June 2, 1707, bought of Pieter 
Pieterse \'an \Voggelum, his farm extending 
from the Poesten Kill to the Piscawen Kill. 
The title was confirmed to Dirk \'an Der 
Heyden, December 15, 1720, by Maria and 
Hendrick \'an Rensselaer, two of the execu- 
tors of Killiaen Van Rensselaer, the second 
patroon of that name. He was required, as. 
also were his heirs and successors, to pay an 
annual ground rent on the farm in lieu of all 
other dues of three and three-fourths bushels, 
of wheat, and two fat hens or capons, to the- 
patroon of Rensselaerwyck. The farm is now 
the site of the city of Troy, founded in 1790, 
one hundred years later, 1890. with a popula- 
tion of 60,000. In 1731 he deeded the prop- 
erty to his three sons : Jacob, David and Mat- 
lys. David released his share and conveyed 
his interest to his brother Jacob : Mattys and 
Jacob then partitioned the farm, April 3. 1739, 
into three parts, Jacob retaining the middle 
and northern parts, and Mattys the southern 
division. On the death of Jacob in 1746, his 
son Dirk came into possession of the middle 
and northern farms. Dirk conveyed to his 
brother Jacob "two full, equal, just, fourth 
parts" of the "two certain tracts of land."" 
On the death of Dirk in 1773, Jacob D. Van 
Der Heyden inherited the middle farm, Jacobs 
I. and Mattys \'an Der Heyden owning the 
northern and southern farms. The middle 
farm, between the lines of Grand and Di- 
vision streets, was watered on its eastward! 



So 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



side by a stream flowing from the hill, east 
•of the line of Federal street, and running 
southward to the Poesten Kill along the line 
of Sixth street. An orchard of old apple 
trees was on the bank of the river between 
the lines of Congress street and Broadway. 
A- road from the country crossed the farm 
on the line of Congress street. 

The \'an Der Heyden homestead, a strong- 
ly constructed two-story weather-boarded 
building, stood on the east side of the River 
road where now is the New York State Arm- 
orv. It was opposite the ferry which for 
many years was a source of income to the 
family. The one-story brick dwelling of Ja- 
cob I. \'an der Heyden stood on a rise of 
ground not far north of the Hoosac Road. 
It was built in 1756, one hundred feet south 
of the southern limits of the middle farm, 
and on the east side of the River road was 
the one-storv and a half brick dwelling built 
in 1752 by Mattys Van Der Heyden. It was 
not until 1787, that Jacob D. had a plot of 
sixty-five acres of the "middle farm" laid out 
into streets and alleys and gave to the pro- 
jected village the name of "Vanderheyden." 
This name it bore until 1789, when the more 
classical name of Troy was substituted by the 
freeholders of the village, much to the dis- 
gust of the Vander Heyden family. Jacob D. 
was sorely offended and for years thereafter 
continued using the former name in his con- 
veyances, writing it "Vanderheyden alias 
Troy." 

Dirk Van Der Heyden, the "original 
proprietor," married Rachel Jochemse Ket- 
elmyn, March 9, 1687. He was buried Oc- 
tober 13, 1738. 

(III) Jacob, son of Dirk and Rachel Jo- 
chemse (Ketelmyn) Vander Heyden, was 
buried April 10, 1746. He was one of the 
three sons to whom was deeded the site of 
Troy and owned the middle and northern 
section. He married Hester Visscher. 

(IV) Jacob (2), son of Jacob (i) and 
Hester (Visscher) Vander Heyden, was bap- 
tized June 19, 1720. He succeeded to the 
ownershi]) of the "Nortliern and Middle" 
farms which he received from his brother 
Dirk "two full, equal, just, fourth parts" of 
the "two certain tracts of land." He married 
Maria Halenbeck. Children : Jacob, Nanning, 
Manning, Dirk and Maria. 

(\') Nanning, son of Jac(5b (2) and Ma- 
ria (Halenbeck) Vander Heyden, was bap- 
tized February 24, 1754. He married Cath- 
erine Leversee and had a daughter Anna, 
born January 23, 1782. 

(VI) Anna, daughter of Nanning and 
'Catherine (Leversee or Levison) Vander 



Heyden, married .A.braham Levinus Lansing 
(see Lansing VI). 



(HI) Johannes Lansing, son 

LANSING of Gerfitt Lansing (2) (q. v.) 
was born January i, 1675, 
died August 10, 1771, in his ninety-seventh 
year. He married, September 20, 1704, Hel- 
ena Sanders. 

(IV) Johannes (2), son of Johannes (i) 
and Helena (Sanders) Lansing, was born 
1719, died 1813. He settled in Cohoes about 
1760. He married Maritje Huyck ; eleven 
cliildren. 

(\') Andrew (.^ndrus), son of Johannes 
(2) and Maritj6 (Huyck) Lansing, was born 
1760, died 1835. He married Anna Van 
Denburg. Children: John, Jacob, Evert, Ab- 
raham, Anna and Maria. 

(\'l) .\braham, son of Andrew and .\nna 
(Van Denburg) Lansing, was born in Co- 
hoes, 1794. died 1867. He married Dorothy 
\^an Schaick, born in Albany in 1797, died 
in Cohoes, 1891, a descendant of Goosen Ger- 
ritsen \^an Schaick, the founder. Children: 
Anna, John Van Schaick, Egbert Winne. .An- 
drew A.. Maria and Anna Maria. 

(\TI) Egbert Winne, son of Abraham and 
Dorothy (Van Schaick) Lansing, was born 
at the Cohoes family homestead of the Lan- 
sings. February 23, 1833, died September 6, 
1903. He was educated in the .'\lbany Acad- 
emy. During his early manhood days he was 
a farmer, and later engaged in the real estate 
business in Cohoes, being one of the public- 
spirited and influential citizens of that place. 
Upon attaining his majority he gave his al- 
legiance to the Democratic party, but later 
became a Republican, serving in the capacity 
of alderman, member of the water board, and 
took an active interest in all that pertained 
to the welfare of Cohoes. He was also a- 
member of the hospital commission. He took 
an active interest in the work of the Reformed 
chiuTli, contributed liberally to its support, al- 
though not liolding membership therein ; his 
wife was a member of that church. He mar- 
ried, October 29, 1S60, Helena, born Octo- 
ber 29, 1838, daughter of Douw Fonda Lan- 
sing, born in Cohoes, 181 1, died in Albany, 
1884, and his wife, Jane .\nn Leversee, born 
in Watcrvliet, in 1816, died in Albany, 1885. 
Their child was Abram Winne, see forward. 

(\'I1I) Abram Winne, only child of Egbert 
Winne and Helena (Lansing) Lansing, was 
born in Cohoes, New York, .'\ugust 26. 1861. 
He was educated in the common and high 
schools of Cohoes, and was graduated from 
Albany Academy in 1879 and was a member 
of the class of 1883, of Williams College. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



8i 



Possessing: musical talent of a high order, 
coupled with a love of music, both vocal and 
instrumental, he studied and mastered the art 
of both composition and rendition. His mas- 
tery of the pipe organ is complete and places 
him among the leading performers, making 
a specialty of church and sacred music. As 
a composer of religious music he has been 
prolific and successful. Over one hundred and 
fifty of his compositions have been published 
by the leading music publishing houses of 
New York, Boston and Philadelphia. The 
best known among his sacred songs are : 
"Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah," a duet 
for soprano and baritone ; "The Earth is the 
Lord's." a baritone solo; "Fear Not, O Ye 
Israel," a chorus. In 1908. the Tullar-Mere- 
dith Company of New York offered a prize 
for the best anthem submitted to their com- 
mittee. Among over one hundred competi- 
tors, Mr. Lansing was awarded the prize ; his 
anthem, "I am Alpha and Omega," possessing 
a rare harmonic beauty and depth of dramat- 
ic expression unrivalled by other competitors. 
He is but on the threshold of his achievement, 
yet already famous. He has genuine har- 
monic imagination, a rare gift of melody, dis- 
tinct dramatic expression, and his composi- 
tions have enriched the musical world in the 
field of sacred music. He has been director 
of the Cohoes Philharmonic Society, the lead- 
ing musial organization of that city, also di- 
rector of Hudson Choral Society, and of the 
Ballston Choral Union. President of the Dia- 
tonic Club of Albany, a club composed of 
musical professionals. In 1897-98-99 he was 
director of the Round Lake, I^ew York, Mu- 
sical Festival, a very important musical func- 
tion. He is a member of the Fourth Presby- 
terian Church, Albany, one of the best known 
in that denomination, of which he has been 
organist since 1883. He is a member of Co- 
hoes Lodge, No. 116, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, and a supporter of the candidates of the 
Republican party. He is unmarried. 



(VII) John Van Schaick 
LANSING Lansing, son of Abraham 

(q. v.) and Dorothy (Van 
Schaick) Lansing, was born in Cohoes, New 
York, in 1829, died December 16, 1905. He 
was educated at the Albany Academy and 
there prepared for Union College. On ac- 
count of ill health he was obliged to give up 
his studies, but after a year or two of rest 
became connected with the Bailey Manufac- 
turing Company, which was organized in 1832 
with mills at Cohoes, Mr. Bailey being the in- 
ventor of the knitting frame or machine. In 
1852 Mr. Bailey retired and a new company 



was organized, known as The Troy Manu- 
facturing Company, of which Mr. Lansing 
was one of the principal stockholders and 
treasurer until 1890. when, he wishing to re- 
tire from business, the mills were sold. He 
was one of the organizers of the Manufac- 
turers' Bank of Cohoes, served as first vice- 
president for a short period of time, later 
was elected president, in which capacity he 
served until his removal in 1892 to Stamford, 
Connecticut, from whence he removed to New 
York City in 1897, remaining there until 
1902, when he returned to Cohoes, New York, 
where his death occurred. He was one of 
the organizers of the first board of fire com- 
missioners in Cohoes, and served as a member 
of the fire board until his removal from the 
city. He was active in politics and a leader 
in 'the Republican part}-, serving as alder- 
man of Cohoes two terms and delegate to 
state convention. He was a member of the 
Dutch church at Cohoes and a leading spirit 
in religious matters. He took a great in- 
terest in the music of the church, playing the 
organ for sixteen years, and taking entire 
charge of the musical part of the service dur- 
ing that time. He was a generous contribu- 
tor towards the expenses of the church, pay- 
ing the greater portion of the large organ 
installed therein. He was one of the organ- 
izers of the Cohoes City Club, serving as 
president of same during his residence in Co- 
hoes. Mr. Lansing was a widely-known and 
influential citizen "of Cohoes, and his mind 
was ever occupied with projects for its ad- 
vancement and welfare. This brief history 
shows that his life was an active one, and 
that his enterprises were such as added to the 
general wealth and prosperity of his native 
city. It is needless to say that he exerted a 
great influence on the affairs of his city, and 
that his work was widely extended and ap- 
preciated. Mr. Lansing married, 1854, Marie 
Louise Peake, of Johnstown, New York, a 
descendant of the Peake family of Roxbury 
and Woodstock, Massachusetts. Jonathan 
and Joseph Peake were original proprietors 
of Woodstock, and the first death in the new 
settlement was that of Joseph Peake, who died 
before March i, 1691. Child: Egbert Peake, 
see forward. Mrs. Lansing died May 5, 1895. 
(\TII) Egbert Peake, only child of John 
Van Schaick and IMarie Louise (Peake) Lan- 
sing, was born in Cohoes, New York, January 
25, 1857. He was educated in private schools 
and academies in Troy and Albany, and ma- 
triculated at Union College, from which he 
was graduated with the degree of A.B., class 
of 1878. Upon the completion of his studies, 
he became connected with The Troy Manu- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



facturing Company, serving as superintenden- 
dent of the same until the works were closed 
in 1890. He then removed to Stamford, Con- 
necticut, where he became a stockholder and 
secretary of the St. John Wood- Working 
Company, which position he held until 1896, 
when he moved to New York City and be- 
came associated with Frederick A. Braun in 
the cotton business under the firm name of 
Braun & Lansing. In 1902 he severed his 
connection with this firm, retired from active 
business life, and returned to Cohoes, where 
he is residing at the present time. In March, 
19 10, he became the senior member of The 
Lansing-Morrison Company, dealers in com- 
mercial motor cars, manufacturers' agents for 
the Gramm Motor Car. "The World's Best." 
Their office is in the Albany Trust Company 
Building, corner of Broadway and State 
street, Albany. He also served as trustee of 
the Mechanics' Savings Bank. Scrupulously 
honorable in all his dealings with mankind, 
he bears a reputation for public and private 
integrity, and being of a sociable and genial 
disposition has a number of friends who es- 
timate him at his true worth. He casts his 
vote with the Republican party, but takes no 
active interest in politics, preferring to de- 
vote his time to business pursuits. He is a 
member of the Dutch Reformed church of 
Cohoes and has served as deacon for two 
terms. He holds membership in the Holland 
Society of New York, the Fort Orange and 
University clubs of Albany, the Schenectady 
Country Club, and the Alpha Delta Phi fra- 
ternity at Union College. I\Ir. Lansing mar- 
ried, January 20, 1897, Gertrude Orelup, of 
Cohoes, daughter of John Orelup, who died 
in 1892, a retired manufacturer, and his wife 
Eliza (Pha.xton) Orelup. 



(IV) Evert, son of Gerrit (3) 
L.ANSING Lansing fq. v.) and Cather- 
ine S. (Glen) Lansing, was 
born December 31, 1704. He married, in 1735, 
Annatie, daughter of Obadiah and Cornelia 
(Gardiner) Cooper. 

(V) Johannes E., son of Evert and Anna- 
tie (Cooper) Lansing, was born May i, 1743, 
at Schodack, .Albany county. New York, died 
1821. He married, in 1765, Maria, born Oc- 
tober 19, 1744. daughter of Barent A. and 
Magdalena (Schuyler) Staats. Barent A. 
Staats was a son of Abraham and Maria 
(Schuyler) Staats, grandson of Abraham and 
Elsie (Wendel) .Staats, and great-grandson 
of Major .\brani Staats, a surgeon who came 
to Rcnsselaerwyck in 1642, and married Ca- 
trina Jochense. Magdalena Schuyler, moth- 
er of Maria (Staats) Lansing, was daughter 



of Jeremiah and Susanna Schuyler, grand- 
daughter of Colonel Pieter Philip and Maria 
(\'an Rensselaer) Schuyler, and great-grand- 
daughter of Colonel Philip Pieter Schuvler, 
died 1683 ; married December 12, 1650, Mar- 
gareta \'an Slichtenhorst. born 1628, died 
171 1. These are names celebrated in the ear- 
ly settlement of New York state. Johannes 
£. Lansing was a soldier of the revolution. 

(VI) Evert (2), son of Johannes E. and 
Maria (Staats) Lansing, was born in Scho- 
dack, New York, October 27, 1773, died at 
Decatur, Otsego county. New York, May 6,. 
1833. He married, February 19, 1795, Jean- 
nette (or Janet), born November 5, 1770, 
died at Schodack, May 22, 1809, daughter of 
Robert Campbell, born 1735, at Londonderry, 
New Hampshire, killed August 6, 1777. in 
the battle of Oriskany, and his wife, Mar- 
garet , born January 10, 174 1, died Au- 
gust 16, 1816. 

(VII) James E., son of Evert (2) and 
Janet (Campbell) Lansing, was born in Scho- 
dack, New York, March 24, 1807, died at 
Westford, Otsego county. New York, Febru- 
ary 27, 1890. He married, December 25, 1830, 
Sarah, born in New Scotland, Albany county,. 
New York, in 1805, died at Decatur, New- 
York, August, 1834, daughter of Saxton and' 
Mary (Youngs) Cheseborough. Saxton 
Cheseborough was born at Stonington, Con- 
necticut. August 10, 1779, died at Carey,. 
Ohio; married Mary Youngs in 1799. He- 
was a son of William Cheseborough, born 
1750. and his wife, Marj' McDowell, whom' 
he married in 1773. 

(\'ni) James, son of James E. and Sarah 
(Cheseborough) Lansing, was born at Deca- 
tur. Otsego county. New York, May 9, 1834,. 
died at Troy, New York, January 21, 1904. 
He received a good education, and just before 
he attained his majority he left home and 
went to Mississippi, where he taught school 
at North Mt. Pleasant. Later he went to 
Macon, Tennessee, where he was in charge 
of a school. During this period of his life, 
which covered eight years, he married and 
took his wife south, where she assisted him 
in his school work, ^^■hilc in the south he be- 
gan the study of law at such hours as could' 
be spared from his profession, principally in 
the evening. On his return to New York he 
entered the Albany Law School, from which 
he was graduated in 1864. He was admitted 
to the bar and immediately located in Troy, 
New York, where he began and continued' 
the practice of his profession the remainder 
of his life. For a few months he was con- 
nected with the law office of Warren & Bank- 
er, continuing until receiving an appointment 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



83 



as clerk of the surrogate's court, the then sur- 
rogate of Rensselaer county being Moses 
Warren. After three years in the surrogate's 
office he formed a partnership with Robert 
H. McClellan, which continued fourteen 
years. He then practiced alone for several 
years, until associating with \\'illiam P. Cant- 
well, Jr. Upon the death of Mr. Cantwell 
the firm of Lansing & Holmes was formed 
with John B. Holmes, which continued until 
the death of Mr. Lansing. He was a most 
successful lawyer. In his legal career he was 
connected with many of the noted cases in the 
county and appellate courts of the state, and 
in the supreme court of the United States, 
where he was admitted to practice in 1891 
on the motion of United States Senator Wil- 
liam M. Evarts. In politics an ardent Dem- 
ocrat, Mr. Lansing was in 1889 the candidate 
of his party for surrogate of Rensselaer coun- 
ty. He was elected and served six years. In 
1895 he was a candidate for re-election, but 
the Republicans carried the county, although 
Air. Lansing ran well in advance of his ticket. 
Upon his retirement from office, the Troy 
Times, politically opposed to him, said : "It is 
simple justice to say that the retiring surro- 
gate, Hon. James Lansing, has presided for 
six years with admirable dignity and judicial 
fairness. His decision and opinions, always 
sustained by the higher courts, have added to 
his reputation as a lawyer, while his courtesy 
has increased the personal esteem in which he 
is held. Many of his opinions have been pul> 
lished and are extensively cited as authorita- 
tive in legal publications, notably : 'Bliss's 
Annotated Code of Civil Procedure,' and 'Red- 
field's Law and Practice in Surrogate's 
Courts.' We call attention especially to cer- 
tain amendments to the Code of Civil Proced- 
ure, which at his suggestion was enacted by 
the Legislature of 1895." After retiring from 
office Air. Lansing resumed his private prac- 
tice.' continuing until his death. He was a 
member of the Memorial Presbyterian Church 
and was for many years president of the 
board of trustees. He was also a trustee of 
Albany Law School. 

He married Sarah A. Richardson, born in 
Benson, \'ermont, died in Troy, New York, 
1895, daughter of Henry and Dorcas (Lynd) 
Richardson. Henry Richardson, son of Man- 
asseh R. and Mary (Beaman) Richardson, 
was born in Stirling, Massachusetts, June 7, 
1802, died at Stirling Centre, Massachusetts, 
June 26, 1836: married, 1824, Dorcas Lynd 
at Palatine Bridge, New York, born Septem- 
ber 13, 1804, died September 19, 1880, at 
Troy. New York, daughter of John and Sa- 
rah (Wood) Lynd. Manasseh R., son of 



James and Ruth Richardson, born in Alas- 
sachusetts, September 15, 1766, died March 
25, 1826: married, May 5, 1793, Mary Bea- 
man. born in Leominster, Massachusetts, June 
15, 1768, died August 31, 1847, daughter of 
John Beaman, born 1738, died at Poultney, 
\'ermont, aged eighty-two years, was a sol- 
dier in the revolution, and his wife, Mary 
(Fuller) Beaman. James Richardson, great- 
grandfather of Sarah A. (Richardson) Lan- 
sing, was born May 5, 1730. His will was 
probated in 1808. He served in the Massa- 
chusetts militia during the revolution. James 
and Sarah A. (Richardson) Lansing, were 
the parents of eight children. Of his daugh- 
ters, Louella Lansing, is a resident of Troy, 
New York, as is her sister, Caroline Mary 
Lansing. Another daughter, Mary J., is a 
church choir and concert singer of New York 
City, also a teacher of vocal music and voice 
culture. Caroline Al. is member of Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, Philip 
Schuyler Chapter, Troy, all are graduates of 
Troy high scljool. 

( IX) Professor Hugh Henry, son of James 
and Sarah A. (Richardson) Lansing, was 
educated in the Troy public schools, graduat- 
ing from the high school, class of 1889. He 
entered Williams College, where he was grad- 
uated Bachelor of Arts, class of 1893. He 
adopted the profession of teaching, which he 
has so far made his life work. He first 
taught in the Troy high school, making a 
specialty of history. He also taught the same 
study in grammar schools No. 12 and No. 14, 
later becoming principal of the latter school. 
During the Spanish war he enlisted in the 
United States service, and was absent for sev- 
eral months, the school being left in charge 
of the assistant principal. On his return he 
resumed his position. In 1900 he was ap- 
pointed vice-principal of the Troy high school 
and for five years filled that position and the 
chair of history. In 1907 he was elected su- 
perintendent of the schools of Watervliet, 
New York, where he is now located (1910). 
Professor Lansing is a well-known educator 
of the state and stands very high in his pro- 
fession. While vice-principal of the Troy 
high school he studied law, passed the neces- 
sary examinations and in 1907 was admitted 
to the bar. He is a member of the New York 
State Council of Superintendents; the Hudson 
School Alaster's Club; National Educational 
Association ; the Holland Society ; Sons of the 
Revolution ; Colonial Club of Watervliet, 
Rensselaer County Bar Association and Al- 
bany Bar Association. His college fraternity 
is the Delta Tau Delta of Williams. He 
served three years in the Citizens Corps of 



84 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Troy, precedins^ 1898. He enlisted May 2, 
1898, for the Spanish- American war, with his 
company, which became Company A, Second 
Regiment New York National Guard. They 
were not taken to Cuba, but were kept in 
camp at Tampa, Florida. He is a member 
of the Memorial Presbyterian Church of 
Troy. His home for the past twelve years 
has been in Colonic, New York. 

He married, June 28, 1894, Lillian E., born 
in Colonic, Albany county. New York, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Hannah V'. (Sherman) Has- 
well. Isaac Haswell died in 1905, was a 
prominent business man and influential poli- 
tician. He was a large landowner and acted 
as trustee or executor for many estates. He 
was active in the Republican jiarty, held the 
office of state loan commissioner by appoint- 
ment from the governor. Hannah V. (Sher- 
man) Haswell was born in Pittstown, Rens- 
salaer county. New York, now living (1910) 
in the town of Colonic, Albany county. They 
were the parents of three children, of whom 
Dr. George (or Leo) H. Haswell is the eld- 
est. He is a graduate of Albany Medical Col- 
lege, and the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, New York City. He is in practice in 
Watervliet, New York. Children of Profes- 
sor Hugh Henry and Lillian E. (Haswell) 
Lansing : Florence Lillian ; James Haswell, 
born February 12, 1898; Helen \'ictoria. 



The family of Giles, of Troy, 
GILES whose history and connection are 

here traced, descend from the 
English family of Giles "ancient and honor- 
able." Three brothers of the family went to 
Ireland with William of Orange, one remain- 
ing and founding the Irish branch, the other 
two retiring after the wars were ended. Tlie 
family seat in Ireland was Clone House, coun- 
ty Wexford. During the battle of the P)Oyne, 
which was fouglit near Clone House, Ire- 
land, the wounded on both sides, regardless 
of tlieir religious convictions, were cared for 
and the kindest attentions paid them as far 
as possil^le by the Giles family. It is from 
the Irish branch, still seated at Clone Flouse, 
that Leonard House Giles descends. He is 
of the third generation in the United States. 
The English family tore arms as follows: 
"Per chevron argent and azure, a lion ram- 
pant, counter-charged ; collared or ;" "Crest : 
A lions gambrel erect and erased, gules en- 
filed with a bear gemelle or holding a bunch 
of apples of the last leaved vert." The 
crest differs some, having a lion's head only. 
Through maternal lines *he ancestry traces 
to some of the oldest families of New Eng- 
land. The Snows, 1623, the Stoddards of 



England, whose first representative in Amer-- 
ica died 1661, the Buckinghams of New Hav- 
en, Connecticut, 1637, the Moseleys of Dor- 
chester, 1639, who trace their English ances- 
try to 108 1, the House family of Connecticut 
and New York, the Murdocks, who came 
from Ireland in 1696, and other of the older 
families are connected by marriage with the 
Giles. There is a constant record of military 
service to be found, some of which is herein 
noted. 




(I) Henry Giles was born in Clone House, 
county Wexford, Ireland, 1791, six years be- 
fore the Irish rebellion. His mother's maid- 
en name was Godkin, his grandmother's Web- 
ster. He learned the art of glass blowing in 
Ireland, and while a young man emigrated to 
this country with a brother William, leaving 
one brother James at home. He settled at 
the village of Durhamville, town of Marcy, 
Oneida county. New York, where he worked 
at his trade until 1816, and then removed to 
Elizabeth, county of Leeds, upper Canada. 
Here he settled upon a wild and unimproved 
farm, and with the aid of a few neighbors 
built a log cabin in which he began life as 
a farmer. He then had a wife and two very 





cLAA^^&^^t^^ (iJ/.JLl^ , 






HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



85 



young children. He worked hard to clear 
the land of timber, so • hard, in fact, that 
he overworked, and died October 24, 1823, 
from a ruptured blood vessel caused by 
overwork in felling trees, at the age of thirty- 
two years, leaving his widow with six young 
children, all boys. He was a consistent Chris- 
tian, anil was highly respected by all who 
knew him. He was reared in the Church of 
England, but in the United States embraced 
the ]\lethodist faith, and was a local preacher 
in Canada, often filling the pulpit when no 
regular minister was available. He married, 
in 1814, in Oneida county. New York, Mar- 
garet Jones, born in Wales. Children : Hen- 
ry Godkin, see forward ; David C, born No- 
vember I, 1816, a fireman of Utica. New 
York, where a stone marks his burial place, 
erected "bv his manv friends" ; William W., 
October 18, 1818: James M., 1820; John J., 
November 13, 1822. After the death of her 
husband Margaret Giles returned to Oneida 
county with her six children and settled in 
Rome, New York, where she died. 

(II) Henry Godkin, eldest child of Henry 
and Margaret (Jones) Giles, was born in 
Deerfield, Oneida county. New York, March 
27, 1815. died at Troy, New York, January 
5, 1879. His parents shortly after removed 
to Canada where his early boyhood was spent. 
On the return to Rome he attended the pub- 
lic school, and later learned the trade of 
tinner and coppersmith. He later established 
a hardware and stove business in Rome, which 
he continued until 1858. He then spent two 
years in Rochester, New York, settling in 
Troy, New York, in i860. Here he was 
a stove manufacturer. He admitted his son 
as partner, and the business continued as H. 
G. Giles & Son until the death of the senior 
partner. He was a member of the First 
Particular Baptist Church, of Troy, which he 
served as trustee. He was connected with the 
New York National Guard, and was ap- 
pointed by Governor Seward, paymaster-gen- 
eral. He married, June 2, 1840, at House- 
ville, Lewis county. New York, Harriet 
House, born November 7, 1816 (see House 
HI). Children: Leonard House, mentioned 
below ; Albert Henry, born at Rome, New 
York, March 22, 1844. died in that city, Jan- 
uary 2, 1850. buried with his father at Rome. 

(HI) Leonard House, eldest son of Henry 
Godkin and Harriet (House) Giles, was born 
at Rome, New York, May 23, 1841. He was 
educated in the common and high schools of 
that city, and at Rome Academy. After the 
family removed to Troy he studied law for 
a year, but abandoning the idea of a pro- 
fession he entered the hardware store of J. 



M. Warren & Company, remaining with that 
firm until 1866. lie then became associated 
with his father in the manufacture of stoves, 
as H. G. Giles & Son. In 1888 he estab- 
lished his present business, nickel plating and 
manufacturing, being senior partner of Giles 
& Nielsen, with a plant in Troy. He is a 
member of the First Particular Baptist 
Church of Troy, the Chamber of Commerce, 
and through a patriotic ancestry gains mem- 
bership in the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion. Politically he is an independent Re- 
publican. He married, (first), at Cohas- 
set, January 20, 1869, Susan Elizabeth Snow, 
born at Cohasset, Massachusetts, October 21, 
1847. died at Troy, April 25, 1872 ; buried 
at Cohasset. (see Snow VIII). Children: 
Anna Louisa, born at Troy, February 4, 1870 ; 
Henry Snow, April 22, 1872, at Troy. Leon- 
ard H. Giles married (second) at Jersey 
City. New Jersey, December 15, 1880, Anna 
Laurella Clarke, born at Albany, New York, 
January 28, 1861. 

(IV) Henry Snow, only son of Leonard 
House and Susan Elizabeth (Snow) Giles, 
was bom in Troy, April 22, 1872. He was 
educated in Troy, graduating from the high 
school. His business life has been spent in 
Troy, and he is now a partner of the firm of 
Robert Ewing & Sons (incorporated), makers 
of laundry machinery. He served in the Troy 
Citizens Corp for ten years, enlisted in the 
Spanish-American war. and is now a member 
of the "Old Guard." He is secretary of the 
Trojan Hook and Ladder Company, and an 
independent Republican. He is a member of 
the First Particular Baptist Church. He mar- 
ried, June 29, 1910, Ethelyn Howe Ripley, of 
Cohasset, Massachusetts. 

(The House Line). 
Eleazer House was born in Glastonbury, 
Connecticut, September 20, 1759, died at 
Houseville, Lewis county. New York. Janu- 
ary 30, 1833, and is buried there. Hewent 
into northern New York at an early day and 
became a large land owner and lumberman, 
founding the town of Houseville. He had 
five sons, to four of whom he gave each 
a farm. His eldest son was lost at sea dur- 
ing his first voyage to which his parents con- 
sented, he promising to then abandon his 
great desire for a sailor's life. He married, 
December 23. 1782. Abigail Moseley (see 
Moseley VI). born at Glastonbury, Connec- 
ticut. January 7, 1763, died at Houseville, 
March 18. 1833. Children, first five born 
at Glastonbury, two at Houseville : Robbard, 
April I, 1785. lost at sea; Leonard, August 
24, 1787, see forward ; Anson, July 14, 1790, 



86 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



married Lucinda Foster Blossom ; Jared, 
March 2j, 1792, married Lucy Ann Kelsey ; 
Joseph, April 4, 1796, married Amanda Cald- 
well: Abby, January 4, 1802, married Amos 
B. Carpenter; Hopy, March 2, 1804, mar- 
ried James IMurdock. 

(II) Leonard, second son of Eleazer and 
Abigail (Moseley) House, was born in Glas- 
tonbury, Connecticut, August 24, 1787, died 
at Houseville, New York, December z"}), 1879, 
and is buried there. He was a farmer of 
Lewis county. New York, and a large land 
owner. He married, at Houseville, Decem- 
ber 28, 1809, Louisa Murdock, born in Sand- 
gate, Vermont, January 12, 1788, died at 
Houseville, July 6, 1870 (see Jilurdock V). 
Children, all bom at Houseville: Ann Louisa, 
November 10, 1810; an infant son. born and 
died January 12, 1813; James, born Feb- 
ruary 6, 1814, died November 13, 1876, mar- 
ried Emily Olivia King; Harriet, mentioned 
below: Moseley Leonard, May 28, 1819; Car- 
oline, December 9, 1821, married Ralph Hen- 
ry Foster: .\bby Murdock, July 10, 1824, 
married Alfred Ethridge : Harvey Douglass, 
August 17, 1828, died September 14, 1828; 
Emily, October 2, 1830, married Joseph Cut- 
ler Fuller. 

(III) Harriet, second daughter and fourth 
child of Leonard and Louisa (Murdock) 
House, was bom at Houseville, New York, 
November 7, 1816. She married, June 2, 
1840, Henry Godkin Giles (see Giles II). 

(The Snow Line). 
Nicholas Snow, born about 1600, arrived in 
Pl)-mouth Colony, on the "Ann" in 1623. He 
had a share in the first Plymouth land di- 
vision and was of Stephen Hopkins' company 
in 1627, to whose lot fell a "black weaning 
calf and calf of this year to come," etc. He 
was a freeman and taxpayer before 1627. He 
married Constance, daughter of .Stephen Hop- 
kins, both of whoni came in the "Mayflower" 
in 1620. She died October, 1677. There is 
no complete list of his children but Governor 
Bradford says, in 1650, he had twelve, all 
alive and well. He was of sterling value to 
the new town in all departments, bore its 
burdens and offices; he died in 1676. Sons 
mentioned: Mark, Joseph, Stephen. John, 
Jabez ; daughter, Alary, married Thomas 
Paine. 

(II) John, son of Nicholas and Constance 
(Hopkins) Snow, was born in Plymouth, in 
1639, died in Eastham, in 1692. He mar- 
ried Mary Smallcy, September 19, 1667. They 
had nine children, all born in Eastham. Later 
he moved to Truro, where his father was a 
large land owner. His sons, John, Isaac and 



Elisha, moved with him and all became ac- 
tively identified with the interests of the 
town. 

(HI) John (2), son of John (i) and Mary 
(Smalley) Snow, was born in Eastham, Alay 
3. 1678. He married Elizabeth Ridley, Alay 
25, 1700. He was, next to Thomas Paine, 
the most active man in the settlement of the 
town of Truro. He had seven sons and one 
daughter : John, born 1706, married Hannah 
Paine; Anthony, 1709; Elisha, 171 1; Isaac, 
1713; Mary, 1716; Ambrose, 1718; Amasa, 
1720: David, 1723. 

(IV) Anthony, son of John (2) and Eliza- 
beth (Ridley) Snow, born July 28, 1709, died 
July II, 1796. He married March 21, 1731, 
Sarah, daughter of Jonathan Paine. Chil- 
dren: David, born 1732; Daniel, 1734; Eli- 
sha, 1736; John, 1738; Jonathan, 1740; Syl- 
vanus, 1742; Anthony, 1744; Sarah, 1746; 
Elizabeth, 1748; Anne, 1750; Mary, 1753; 
Jessie, 1759. 

(\') David, son of .\nthony and Sarah 
(Paine) Snow, born July 17, 1732, died May 
25, 1792. He lived in Truro, on Cape Cod. 
He was a soldier of the revolution, a private 
in Captain Mathias Tobey's company. He 
and his son David were in the same company 
and marched to Crown Point, in January, 
1777. He was afterwards commissioned. Sep- 
tember 16, 1777, as first lieutenant of the 
Barnstable Company, Massachusetts Regi- 
ment. During the year 1775 David Snow 
was living with his large family in the broad, 
flat house originally belonging to John Snow. 
Mr. Snow, accompanied by his son David, a 
lad of fifteen years, while fishing in a boat 
in Cape Cod bay were captured by English 
privateers and taken to Halifax. Later they 
were transferred to "Old Mill" prison, Eng- 
land. A thorough search was made for them 
on the coast, but they were given up as dead 
by family and friends. They, with thirty- 
four others, managed to file the bars and es- 
caped to Plymouth harbor, fifteen miles from 
the prison, where they secured a large scow 
and were soon afloat on the English chan- 
nel. They boarded a small vessel and under 
threat of surrender or death, took command 
of the vessel and sailed for the coast of 
France, where they sold their prize, each hav- 
ing a share of the money. They gave them- 
selves up to the French government and were 
placed on a vessel and sent to America, land- 
ing on the coast of the Carolinas. As the 
war was still going on, and the coast guarded, 
Mr. Snow and his son made their way home 
by land. Friends and neighlxjrs escorted 
them to their home, all rejoicing in their re- 
turn. David Snow was a man of influence 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



87 



<5n the Cape. He was for years a justice of 
the peace, an important office at that time. 
He was always called Squire Snow. He mar- 
ried Hannah Collins, July 7, 1758. They had 
eight sons and two daughters. All the sons 
became masters of vessels, some were lost at 
sea while still young. Children : Stephen, 
born August 14, 1759; David, November 23, 
1760; Sarah, March 27. 1763; John, July 28, 
1765; Daniel, September 6, 1767; Richard, 
December 21, 1771 : Hannah, February 27, 
1774; Benjamin, November 19, 1775; Eph- 
raim, March 15, 1778; Henry, 1781. 

(VI) Henry, son of David and Hannah 
(Collins) Snow, was born in Truro, Octo- 
ber 4, 1781, died in Cohasset, February 5, 
i860. When only eight years of age, he went 
on a fishing cruise of five months to the Great 
Banks. At the age of eighteen he moved to 

'Cohasset, Massachusetts, where he was mas- 
ter of a coasting vessel. In 1812 he was 
master of the schooner "Random" which 
leaked like a sieve, but could sail like the 
wind. On two occasions during the war of 
1812, while sailing the "Random," he was 

• chased by the British, but escaped. He sailed 
the "Ann," a full rigged brig, for seventeen 
years. While in Antwerp, Belgium, he had 
his portrait painted by a celebrated artist ; it 
is now in the possession of his granddaugh- 
ter. He married June i, 1803, Deliverance 
Dyer, of Truro, born November 12, 1781, 
died in Cohasset, November 9, 1859. Chil- 
dren: Henry, born January 11, 1804, died 
March 5, 1808; Benjamin, August 23, 1806, 
died I\Iarch 5, 1829; Paulina, December 14, 
1807; Henry, September 18, 1810, died April 
4, 1904; Ruth, April 16, 1813; Elijah, Sep- 
tember 27, 1815, died March 6, 1816. 

(VII) Captain Henry (2), son of Henry 
(i) and Deliverance (Dyer) Snow, was bom 
in Cohasset, September 10, 1810, died April 
4. 1904. He followed the sea from an early 
age. While quite a young man he became 
master and part owner of the "Myra." Later 
he owned and sailed the "Eldridge" and 
"Star of Hope." The last named vessel was 
wrecked in a storm on Brendante Reef, New- 
port Harbor, in the spring of 1871. Captain 
Snow then retired from the sea. He lived 
to an advanced age, was hale and hearty, tak- 
ing a great interest in all events both local 
and foreign. He married, December 13, 1840, 
Susanna Stoddard Lincoln, born August 21, 
1822, in Cohasset, ^Massachusetts, died Sep- 
tember 13, 1880, (see Stoddard \TII). Chil- 
dren: James Henry Snow, born June 3c, 
1842 ; Anna Frances, August 25, 1844, died 
July 5, 1869: Susan Elizabeth, October 21, 
1847; Ruth Nichols, June 29, 1848; Char- 



lotte Otis, November 8, 1850 ; Benjamin Lin- 
coln, August 2, 1852, died January 23, 1859. 

(\TII) Susan Elizabeth, daughter of Cap- 
tain Henry (2) and Susanna Stoddard (Lin- 
coln) Snow, was born in Cohasset, October 
21, 1847, died April 25, 1872. Her early 
life was spent at the homestead, South End, 
Cohasset. Here she first met her future hus- 
band, who spent the summer of 1857 on the 
sea with her father. He returned to Cohas- 
set succeeding summers, and she married 
Leonard House Giles, January 20, 1869. She 
was a beautiful girl, loved by all, but spared 
only about three years after her marriage. 
She died in Troy, New York. Children : Anna 
Louisa Giles, born February 4, 1870; Henry 
Snow Giles, April 22, 1872 (see Giles III). 

(The Stoddard Line). 
Coat-of-Arms, Sa. three estoiles and a bor- 
dure gules, crest on a ducal coronet, a demi 
horse, salient erm. Motto : Festina Seute : 
"Be in haste, but not in a hurry." The name 
Stoddard is derived from the office of stand- 
ard bearer, and was anciently written De La 
Standard. William Stoddard, a knight, came 
from Normandy to England, in 1066, with 
William the Conquerer, who was his cousin. 
Of his descendants we find record of Rickard 
Stoddard, of Nottingham, Kent, near Eltlien, 
about seven miles from London bridge, where 
was located the family estate of about four 
hundred acres which was in the possession of 
the family in 1490 and so continued until 
the death of Nicolas Stoddard, 1765. 

(I) John Stoddard died in 1661. He came 
to Hingham, Massachusetts, before 1638, as 
he received at that time a grant of land. His 
wife was Anna. 

(II) Samuel, son of John and Anna Stod- 
dard, born 1640, died 1731. He married Eliz- 
abeth, born 1647, died 1693, daughter of 
Thomas and Hannah (Otis) Gill. 

(III) Jeremiah, son of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Gill) Stoddard, born in Hingham, 1683, 

died 1763. He married Elizabeth , 

who died in 1775, aged eighty-eight. 

(I\') Jeremiah (2), son of Jeremiah (i) 
and Elizabeth Stoddard, was born in Hing- 
ham, 1709. died in 1790. He married, in 
1729, Sarah McVaile, born 1710, died 1775. 

(\') James, son of Jeremiah (2) and Sarah 
(Mc\'aile) Stoddard, was born in Hing- 
ham, in 1733. He married, 1755, Susanna, 
barn in 1736, daughter of William and Su- 
sanna (Beal) Humphrey. 

(\T) James (2), son of James (i) and 
Susanna (Humphrey) Stoddard, was born 
September 24, 1756, died in Cohasset, March 
II, 1833. He was apprenticed when a boy to 



88 



HL'DSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



a shipwright, in Boston; this occupation he 
afterward followed. .A picture in oils in pos- 
session of Mr. Stoddard, of Quincy, Massa- 
chusetts, shows him at the age of seventeen, 
with straight dark brown hair done in a cue, 
large, dark brown eyes, and a dark complex- 
ion. Mr. Stoddard also has his sword and 
other revolutionary relics. In the early days 
of the controversy, Cohasset was represented 
in the Boston Tea Party by Major James 
Stoddard. Tradition also tells of an Eng- 
lish brig, bound for Boston with supplies for 
the British army, becalmed off the shore and 
taken by Cohasset men. Major Stoddard 
was the leading spirit on this occasion and 
when one of the boat's crew pointed to the 
brig's artillery, and proposed to return, the 
major declared there should be no going back. 
The defense of the brig proved to be "Quak- 
er guns," and she became an- easy prize. On 
the muster roll of Captain John Cushing's 
company in the Thirty-sixth Regiment of In- 
fantry, continental army, encamped October 
5, 1775, is James Stoddard, engaged May 17. 
He marched to Fort Ticonderoga, and is said 
to have been under General Washington dur- 
ing that dreadful winter in Valley Forge. He 
married Susanna Lincoln, born 1756, died 
September 25, 1819. The inscription on his 
tombstone reads : "Major Stoddard, March 
II, 1833, aged seventy-six years." 

(VII) Elizabeth, daughter of James (2) 
and Susanna (Lincoln) Stoddard, was born 
in the old homestead at Cohasset, December 
13, 1784. A descendant of the Stoddard 
family, Herbert Towle, occupied the home- 
stead in 1897. She married, February 17, 
1819. Captain John Lincoln, of Cohasset, she 
died January 9, 1848. She was always called 
Betsey. 

(VIII) Susanna, daughter of Captain John 
and Elizabeth (Stoddard) Lincoln, was born 
in Cohasset, .August 21, 1822, died there Sep- 
tember 13, 1880. Her father being a sea 
captain who sailed to foreign parts, Susanna 
had seven silk dresses when she was mar- 
ried, besides other valuable articles of use and 
adornment. She married Captain Henry 
Snow, of Cohasset, December 13. 1840, (see 
Snow VII). 

(The Murdock Line). 

Colonial series. Report of State Historian, 
1896. Muster Roll of ye Suffolk Regiment, 
A.D., 1715, Henry Smith, Colonel, Second 
Company, Hampton Fort. Private Peter 
Murdock, First Company, Private David 
Fithian. 

(I) John Murdock was a wool comber 
and had a wool factory and store in Limer- 
ick, Ireland. He carried on a large business 



and became wealthy. Being of English de- 
scent and a Protestant, he was dispossessed of 
liis property during the Irish wars, 1688 to 
1690, between James II and ^\^illiam of Or- 
ange, .^fter losing everything he owned in 
Limerick, he took shelter with an aunt whose- 
house was fortified. He married Mary Mun- 
son. He died in Ireland about 1690. 

(II) Peter, son of John and Mary (]\Iun- 
son) Murdock, was born in Ireland, May 6, 
1679. In 1696 he emigrated to America and' 
landed in Philadelphia without funds or 
friends. He went about seeking employment 
but with little success. .At length a Quaker 
employed him to thrash for his board. He 
soon began to earn money and was very 
saving and prudent. He combined day labor 
with a small trade in scissors, pen knives, 
needles, etc. (From Saybrook Records). 
"The Murdocks, though not among the first 
settlers here, were for more than a quarter 
of a century the most wealthy and influential 
families in the parish. Peter Murdock, the 
progenitor of the family, first appeared in this 
part as a peddler of scissors, pen knives, 
needles, etc. In the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century, he married Mary Fithian of 
East Hampton, Long Island, about 1705, and 
set up a small store in that town ; next run- 
ning a small trading sloop on the coast of 
Long Island Sound, leaving his wife to at- 
tend the store. In this business he went on 
to Westbrook or West Saybrook, as it was 
sometimes called, where he purchased between 
eight and nine hundred acres of land, tx)r- 
dering on Pachong river, about one-half mile 
on its west side. .About six years later, he 
built a dwelling on the bank of the river to 
which he moved his family and store. There 
he carried on the mercantile business with 
tlie limited stock necessary to the merchant 
of the olden time when each family produced 
its own prime necessities. This was the first 
store in town and its inventory must have 
been a simple affair, he probably imported 
his stock from the West Indies." Peter died 
November 6, 1753, leaving his entire estate 
to his son John. His wife, born 1689, died 

in 1753- 

(HI) John (2), only child of Peter and 
Mary (Fithian) Murdock, was born in East 
Hampton, Long Island, in 1708, died January, 
1778. He inherited his father's property and 
his native sagacity, to which was added a 
superior intelligence, culture and moral char- 
acter that made him conspicuous among the 
distinguished men of the colony. lie first car- 
ried on the business of farming his planta- 
tion with the aid of his slaves, who have left 
monuments of their labor in enormous stone - 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



89 



walls surrounding it. His thrift and sagacity- 
brought a large fortune for the times, and 
made him a power in the community. He 
was a deacon in the Congregational church ; 
judge of the court of common pleas, a rep- 
resentative in the general assembly for a num- 
ber of years, was captain of the Tenth Com- 
pan}-. Seventh Regiment Connecticut Militia, 
and served under Abercrombie in Fort Ti- 
conderoga in 1750, during the French and In- 
dian war. May 13, 1766, he was appointed 
by the general assembly major of the Sev- 
enth Regiment Connecticut Militia. At the 
time of his marriage, about 1730, his father 
settled upon him one-half of his estate and 
built him a dwelling where he spent his re- 
maining days. He carried on the farming 
business extensively for half a century. He 
was small of stature and of a very fair com- 
plexion, with keen, black eyes. His first wife, 
Phoebe Sill, of Lynn, and her infant died 
ten months after their marriage. April 11, 
1732, he married (second) Frances Conklin, 
of East Hampton, Long Island. They had 
thirteen children, seven of whom were boys 
and six girls. Three boys, Peter, Jonathan 
and James, graduated from Yale College, and 
the other four attended the cultivation of the 
original estate. Major Murdock died at his 
homestead on the hill. Frances, his wife, died 
January 10, 1799, aged eighty-six years. 

(R ) Rev. James, youngest child of Ma- 
jor John (2) and Frances (Conklin) Mur- 
dock, was born in Saybrooktown, February 
i8, 1755, died January 14, 1841, aged eighty- 
six years. He graduated from Yale in 1774, 
and was settled as a Congregational minis- 
ter at Sandgate, \'ermont, in 1780. He moved 
to Lewis county. New York, 1805. In Janu- 
ary, 181 1, he was settled as pastor of the 
church at Martinsburg, New York ; resigned 
in 1820 and removed to Gouverneur, New 
York, where he labored until 1825. He was 
then seventy years old, but preached occasion- 
ally after this for several years. He resided 
mostly at Houseville, Lewis count)', where 
his wife died November 11, 1838. In 1839 he 
made a journey to Vermont, to New York 
City, and to his native place, where he 
preached in the same pulpit in which he had 
officiated at the outset of his ministry, fifty 
years before. In 1839 he went to reside with 
his son Samuel at Crown Point, New York, 
at whose home he died. He married Ann 
Buckingham, September 30, 1779. (See 
Buckingham V). They had ten children, three 
sons and seven daughters. 

(V) Louisa, fifth child of Rev. James and 
Ann (Buckingham) Alurdock, was born at 
Sandgate, Vermont, January 12, 1788, died in 



Houseville, July 6, 1870. She married Leon- 
ard House (see House II), of Houseville, 
New York, December 28, 1809. 

(The Buckingham Line). 
Thomas Buckingham, the Puritan settler, 
arrived in Boston, from London, June 26, 
1637, in the ship "Hector." The company- 
sailed for Quinnipiack, near New Haven„ 
March 30, 1638. His home in New Haven 
probably stood on or near what is now the 
corner of College and George streets. He 
removed to Milford, Connecticut, in the aut- 
umn of 1639, and was one of the company 
(of which Mr. Peter Prudden was the pas- 
tor) who first settled in that town. The 
church was organized at New Haven, Au- 
gust 22, 1639, and Thomas Buckingham was. 
one of the seven pillars of which it was com- 
posed. He was a deputy to the general court, 
February 24. 1657. He died in Boston (in 
the fall of 1657) where he had gone to seek 
a pastor for the church. He married (first) 

Hannah — in England, by whom he 

had five children. She died June 28, 1648, in 
Milford. Married (second) Ann >. 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Buckingham, was baptized in Milford, No- 
vember 8. 1646, died April i, 1709. He 
preached in Wethersfield, when only eight- 
een years of age, and commenced preaching 
in Saybrook in 1665 ; ordained pastor of the 
church of Saybrook, in 1670. He was one 
of the founders and fellows of Yale College, 
his connection continuing from 1700 until 
his death. He evidently held high rank 
among the clergymen of that time for he was 
one of the moderators of the famous synod 
which convened at Saybrook, in 1708, and 
formed a platform for the government of the 
churches. His monument is still .standing in 
the old burying ground at Saybrook, where 
his wife, who died June 3, 1702, is also bur- 
ied. They had nine children, six boys and 
three girls. 

(III) Thomas (3), eldest son of Thomas 
(2) Buckingham, born in Saybrook, Septem- 
ber 29, 1670, died September 12, 1739. He 
was a prominent man in town affairs, being 
appointed to many important offices of trust. 
He was an influential member of the church 
and a land holder in Lebanon. He married, 
December 16, 1691, Margaret, daughter of 
Francis Griswold. They had four sons and 
four daughters. 

(IV) Joseph, son of Thomas (3) Bucking- 
ham, was born June 20, 1707. He married 
September 24, 1741. Sarah, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Abigail (Maverick) Tully, of Say- 
brook. They had six daughters. 



90 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



(V,) Ann, youngest daughter of Captain 
Joseph Buckingham, born August 4, 1753, in 
Saybrook, Connecticut, married Rev. James 
Murdock, of Saybrook, September 30, 1779. 
She died at Houseville, Lewis county. New 
York, November 11, 1838 (see Murdock IV). 

(The Moseley Line). 
The family is of English origin and it has 
been ascertained that the name was on record 
as early as 1081. 

(I) John Mawdesley or Moseley was 
.among the first settlers of Dorchester, Mas- 
sachusetts, and was a freeman March 14, 
1639. He married twice. His first wife, Eliz- 
abeth, had three sons, Thomas, Joseph and 
John, and a daughter, Elizabeth. At his 
death, 1661, his second wife Sicily was ap- 
pointed administratrix. It is supposed he 
lived near wtat is now Crescent avenue, bor- 
dering the salt marsh and eastward of Hum- 
phrey Atherton's old homestead. Mr. Mose- 
ley's descendants have some of them lived at 
■this place and an avenue is named for them. 
An impressive monument of brown freestone 
on a brick foundation in the Dorchester bury- 
ing ground marks his grave. 

(II) John (2), youngest son of John (i) 
and Elizabeth Moseley, was born in Dorches- 
ter, in 1640, died in Windsor in 1690. Soon 
after the deatli of his parents, he removed 
to Windsor, wliere in 1667 he married Mary, 
daughter of Benjamin Newbury. Captain 
Benjamin Newbury was deputy twenty-two 
sessions, a member of the council of war, 
and a captain in King Philip's war. In 1677 
Mr. Moseley removed to Westfield, where he 
became a large land owner. His home was 
built of very heavy logs and provided with 
loops for protection from Indians. He was a 
lieutenant of a Westfield company, and took 
part in King Philip's war. He removed to 
Windsor some time before his death, which 
occurred there in 1690. He had ten chil- 
dren, three sons and seven daughters. 

(III) Joseph, second son of Lieutenant 
John (2) and Mary (Newbury) Moseley, 
'was born in Windsor, Connecticut, December 
20, 1670, died in Glastonbury, Connecticut, in 
1 7 19. He married Abigail Root, of West- 

'field. Massachusetts, in 1695. They removed 
to Glastonbury, Connecticut, in 17 15. They 
Iiad nine children, four sons and three daugh- 
ters. 

(IV) Abner, oldest son of Joseph and Abi- 
gail (Root) Moseley, was born in Westfield, 
Massachusetts, ifVjg. He was a colonel in the 
Connecticut militia. As executor of his fath- 
er's estate, he gave a tract of land to the 
-town of Westfield, in 1722. The farm pur- 



chased by his father in Glastonbury, Connec- 
ticut, and equally divided between his sons, 
Abner and Isaac, is recorded as bounded west 
by the Connecticut river, running three miles 
and ninety-three rods in width north and 
south. Abner remained at the homestead. He 
married Elizabeth Lyman, of West Hampton, 
Massachusetts, 1722. Children, five sons and 
six daughters. 

(V) Joseph (2), son of Abner and Eliz- 
abeth (Lyman) Moseley, was born at Glas- 
tonbury, Connecticut, August 13, 1735, died 
October 25, 1806. He was a prominent mem- 
ber and for many years a deacon in the 
Congregational church. He represented the 
town twelve times in the legislature, was 
captain of the Seventh Company, in Colonel 
Fisher Gray's battalion, of General Wads- 
worth's brigade, which served in the battle 
of Long Island and White Plains. Later, be- 
sides caring for a large farm, he kept a hotel. 
He married, September 10, 1761. Hopeful 
Robbins, of Wethersfield, born August 3, 
1735. They had eight children, three girls 
and five boys. 

(VI) Abigail, eldest child of Joseph (2) 
and Hopeful (Robbins) Moseley, was born 
in Glastonbury, Connecticut, January 7, 1763. 
She married. December 25, 1782, Eleazer 
House, of Glastonbury (see House I). They 
removed to Turin, New York, in 1800. She 
died at Houseville, Lewis countv, New York, 
March 18, 1833. 



Of that type of nian which 
BLESSING makes the esteemed citizen 

was Albany's mayor. Hon. 
James H. Blessing. In him were well com- 
bined certain opposing traits which gave a pe- 
culiar and a pleasing balance. He was a 
fighter of the war of the rebellion, an active 
participant therein, yet his disposition was de- 
cidedly humane ; although he rose to the 
greatest height of honor his city could pos- 
sibly bestow, its mayor, yet never was he in 
the least degree vaunted ; by nature he was 
retiring, and while skilled as a scientist and 
an inventor of repute, he was also able to 
turn his ideas into practical service, and un- 
like many of this .sort was highly successful 
in his business. For either one or all of these 
qualities, he was both respected and admired 
by those within the wide circle of his ac- 
quaintance. Even his severest political crit- 
ics and enemies never thought to breathe the 
least suspicion touching his character, or 
thought to assail his honesty, for they well 
knew that such an intended wrong could not 
have injured him, and having the fullest con- 
fidence of the people such a reprehensible act 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



91 



would simpl)' and surely hurt their own 
cause. 

For fully fifty years he was actively en- 
gaged in business in Albany, although not 
born there, and he was known more or less 
intimately by business men and others from 
the South End, where his plant had been and 
thrived for a great many years, to the North 
End, where later was his establishment with 
office, and from the river to the Pine Hills 
section, for his political life had brought him 
into contact with people outside the business 
centers of the city. To all of these people 
he was much more than a common friend, 
for they regarded him as a man of sterling 
integrity and business principles, as one pos- 
sessing uprightness of character and actuated 
by the noblest purposes. Frequently they 
sought him for his sound advice, often for 
genial and generous encouragement, and at 
times for charitable help. They never went 
to him in vain. It was not uncommon for 
him to offer. 

James Henry Blessing was born at 
French's Mills, near Sloan's, in Albany coun- 
ty, September 14, 1837. His father was Fred- 
erick L Blessing, and his mother was Lu- 
cinda ( Smith ) Blessing. Wlien he was about 
five years of age his parents moved into Al- 
bany, and he was able thus to attend the city's 
schools near where they lived. At the age of 
twelve he secured a position as a clerk in a 
grocery store, but this did not prove to his 
liking. It was so uncongenial that he cast 
about for something else to do, in which, with 
his heart in his work, he might the better 
count upon success to reward patient effort. 
He abantloned the position in 1853 and be- 
came an apprentice in the machinist trade, 
which evidently well suited his natural inclin- 
ation and accounts for his success all through 
life. The new position was with the large 
and well-known firm of F. &. T. Townsend, 
and there he completed his term of instruc- 
tion in 1857, but remained with this firm until 
1861. This was at the time when Albany was 
cast into excitement over the outbreak of the 
civil war. It was a place where recruiting 
was going on beneath tents erected in the 
broad streets, and a drummer upon the out- 
side kept people's patriotism at a glow. With 
the late General Frederick Townsend, he 
worked hard over the invention of a 
novel form of a breech-loading rifle 
which they intended for army use. From 
its improvement over older mechanical 
devices, they contemplated great re- 
sults, and their endeavors were induced large- 
ly through patriotic motives, for General 
Townsend shortly recruited a regiment in Al- 



bany with which he departed for the front, 
while Mr. Blessing likewise entered the ser- 
vice in defense of the Union, but applying his 
ability in his individual field. 

Air. Blessing entered the United States serv- 
ice in the navy as an acting assistant engi- 
neer. He was very acceptable, for he was an 
expert and thoroughly interested in his line. 
He participated in both battles of Fort Fish- 
er. His enlistment dated under Commodore 
Porter, March 29, 1864, and he served con- 
tinuously, receiving promotions. From 1862 to 
1864, he was connected with the construction 
department of the New York Navy Yard at 
Brooklyn. No matter what honors came to 
him afterward, he cited that period of his life 
with greatest pride, for its scope was the na- 
tion's existence, the later honor a city's ad- 
vancement. Following the close of the war, , 
he was engineer in charge of the steam ma- 
chinery of the Brooklyn City Railroad Com- 
pany. 

He returned to .Albany, in 1866, to accept 
the position of superintendent of the exten- 
sive foundry and machine works of Town- 
send & Jackson, located in the southern part 
of the city and upon the Hudson river front. 
It was in its day the most important works 
of this character for many miles around, hav- 
ing succeeded to the firm with which he had 
served his apprenticeship, and the manage- 
ment had fullest confidence in his ability. In 
the year 1870 Mr. Blessing invented the "re- 
turn steam trap," which has become well 
known and is used generally in nearly all 
parts of the globe. It was regarded as a 
great step in advance, and his friends, per- 
ceiving this, were willing to back him finan- 
cially. Leaving the Townsend & Jackson 
firm in 1872, he, with General Frederick 
Townsend, engaged in the business of manu- 
facturing and selling steam traps under the 
firm name of Townsend & Blessing. The 
business proved a success, and in 1875 the 
Albany Steam Trap Company was formed, 
with three stockholders. General Townsend, 
the late Henry H. Martin and Mr. Blessing. 
Mr. Blessing's mechanical training had de- 
veloped many novel and useful inventions, 
among them steam engines, steam pumps, 
steam traps, steam boilers, valves, steam pack- 
ing, pump governors, steam and oil separa- 
tors, friction clutches, boiler purifiers, water 
filters and many other useful contrivances 
which the firm manufactured. The breadth 
of his training and experience led many per- 
sons busily engaged upon inventions to come 
to him, and it was often the case that his as- 
sistance, freely given, helped to bring about 
the perfection of a mechanical appliance 



92 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



which had failed to work until he gave it 
his attention. Often people came to him, that 
at his word credence would be placed in their 
work. 

Before his election as mayor of Albany, 
he had held but one public office, that of 
supervisor. He represented the fifth ward on 
the board in the' years 1894-95, and during 
the latter year was the president of that body. 
After the mayoralty term he retained an in- 
terest in politics ; but having declined to ac- 
cept a second nomination, because of the time 
demanded from his business and through im- 
paired health, he sought no other office, yet 
continued as vice-president of the Fifth Ward 
Republican organization, and was a delegate 
from his ward to the convention nominating 
Mayor McEwan. He was elected the sixty- 
first mayor at the election held November 7, 
1899, heading the Republican ticket, and was 
the first man of that party to be elected mayor 
for a period of some twenty years. The sig- 
nificance of this is that he accomplished what 
a dozen other leading Albany Republicans had 
failed to achieve. Out of the total of 22,848 
votes cast, he received 12,364, and Judge 
Thomas J. Van Alstyne, Democrat. 9,995 
votes. He had turned a continuous Demo- 
cratic majority into a handsome Republican 
victory, and took office on January i, 1900, 
officiating through two full years. He was 
the first mayor to serve under the new char- 
ter granted to cities of the second class, and 
while experimental in some ways, his admin- 
istration has gone into municipal history as 
one of the most successful and satisfactory. 

During his term, among many important 
civic events were the city's endeavor to cope 
with the serious strike of the traction line, 
Public School No. 12 was completed, the first 
public bath opened, the city draped in mourn- 
ing for McKinley, reconstruction of the Cen- 
tral railroad's bridge across the Hudson, the 
chamber of commerce organized, an enor- 
mous ice gorge at Cedar Hill threatened the 
business interests, the freshet being the great- 
est in forty-three years, and being twenty feet 
above the normal required city relief by the 
police navigating the streets in boats, the 
Pruyn Library given to the city and accepted 
in a speech by him, the Albany Institute uni- 
ted with the Albany Historical and Art So- 
ciety, a children's playground inaugurated in 
Beaver Park, the cruiser "Albany" placed in 
commission, reconstruction of the Central 
railroad's viaduct crossing Broadway, coal 
famine because of the strike in Pennsylvania 
fields, Albany County Bar Association incor- 
porated, curfew law advocated at common 
council hearings, the new and costly union 



railway station opened, Albany connected! 
with Hudson by an electric line, Chinese Min- 
ister Wu Ting- fang, LL.D., a guest of the 
city, the John Marshall centennial ceremonies 
held in the assembly chamber, annexation of 
Bath to Rensselaer, Dana Park opened and: 
dedicated by Mr. Blessing, the Schenectady 
railway running its first electric cars into Al- 
bany, statistical record at the filtration plant 
inaugurated, completion of the resurfacing 
of Madison avenue with asphalt, the Humane 
Society acquired its own building, and im- 
provements instituted in many of the schools. 
These constitute the affairs with which he was 
directly concerned, either because of his ad- 
vocacy and consideration in some form as the 
city's executive, or through his personal solic- 
itude, and they go to show the advancement 
of the city's interests in various directions as 
affected by his connection therewith, while in 
many minor ways there was a steady im- 
provement in which all citizens benefited. In 
these ways his term will remain memorable. 

Mr. Blessing was a member of the Amer- 
ican Society of Mechanical Engineers, of the 
Albany Institute, and the Capital City Repub- 
lican Club. He was an attendant of the 
Baptist church, and resided at No. 107 Eagle 
street. 

Mr. Blessing married (first) at Albany, 
September 15, 1857, Martha Hutson. who 
died July 17, 1866; children: IMartha, mar- 
ried Charles W. Backus, and died in New 
York City, January 5, 1907 ; Lucinda, died 
in infancy. Mr. Blessing married (second) 
at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, November 9, 
1870, Mrs. Mary (Gilson) Judd, residing 
in Albany in 1910. County Treasurer John 
W. Wheelock married Miss Judd, a daughter 
of his second wife, and Ixitli residents of Al- 
bany. Mr. Blessing had also two sisters liv- 
ing in Albany, Miss Lucretia Blessing and 
Mrs. Sarah J. Laning. 

Mr. Blessing was not a man of robust 
health, although active in attention to busi- 
ness, and after suffering for a little more than 
a week with an attack of grip, at the end 
sank rapidly and died early in the morning 
of February 21. 1910. Having always lived 
a quiet, domestic life, the funeral was held 
at his home to avoid public demonstration, 
the Rev. Creighton R. Storey, pastor of the 
F'irst Baptist Church, officiating, and Mayor 
James B. McEwan issued a proclamation, or- 
dering: "As a mark of appreciation of the 
impress made by him upon the life of our 
city, it is ordered that the flags he placed at 
half staff upon all the city's public buildings, 
Imtil after his funeral, and that the heads 
of city departments and members of the Com- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



93 



imon Council attend his funeral with the May- 

••or in -.a body." 

The bell in the tower of the City 
Hall tolled, and as the solemn cortege 
moved slowly through the streets, the people 
stood in throngs with uncovered heads, show- 
ing all possible honor to one whom they had 
unreservedly respected and who had served 

ithem well as their executive. 



The first and only Flanders 

FLAXDERS to emigrate to .Xmerica in 
the early period was Ste- 
phen, who came with his wife Jane to Salis- 
bury, Massachusetts, between 1640 and 1646, 
and were among the first settlers of that 
town. He was admitted a townsman in Feb- 
ruary, 1650. His will was dated April 4, 
1684, and he died June 27 following. His 
wife Jane died November 19, 1683. Chil- 
dren: Stephen (2), see forward: Mary, Phil- 
ip, Sarah, Naomi and John. Deacon John, 
the youngest son, settled in South Hampton, 
New Hampshire. He was in the fight at 
Turner's Falls, and died in his eighty-seventh 
year. 

(H) Stephen (2), son of Stephen (i) and 
Jane Flanders, was born March 8, 1646. He 
married. December 28, 1670, Abigail Carter, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary Carter. He 
was a resident of Salisbury. Massachusetts, 
where he died in the latter half of his ninety- 
ninth year, October 6, 1744. Children: Thom- 
. as, Stephen (3), Thomas (2), Daniel, see for- 
ward: Joseph, Philip. Sarah. Philip (2), Jane 
Jeremiah and .\bigail. 

(HI) Daniel, son of Stephen and Abigail 

(Carter) Flanders, was born March 16, 1675. 

He lived in .Amesbury, Massachusetts. He 

married and had issue: Daniel (2) and Je- 

■dediah. 

(R") Jedediah, son of Daniel Flanders, 
was born April 13, 1705. He married, Jan- 
uary 3. 1728, Eleanor Barnard. Children: 
Sarah, Timothy, Hannah. Daniel, Barnard, 
Eleanor and JedediaTi. see forward. 

(V) Jedediah (2), son of Jedediah (i) and 
Eleanor (Barnard) Flanders, was born Au- 
gust 29, 1748. In 1795 he renioved to Corn- 
ville. Maine, where he purchased a large tract 
of land, built a mill and lived to be seventy- 
five years of age. He died December 6, 1823, 
aged seventy-five years. 

He married, February 8. 1770, Judith 
Tewksbury. Children: i. Molly, born June 8, 
1770. 2. Jonathan, October 8, 1771. 3. Thomas, 
October 20, 1773. 4. Sarah, February 25, 
1776. 5. William, November 19, 1778. 6. 
■Jedediah (3), March 18, 1781. 7. Jacob, 
April 17, 1783. 8. Judith, June i, 1785. 9. 



Eleanor, May 4, 1787. 10. Daniel, see for- 
ward. II. Moses, June 23, 1791. 

(\T) Daniel, son of Jedediah (2) and Ju- 
dith (Tewksbury) Flanders, was born April 
28, 1789. He removed either from Corn- 
ville, Maine, or Salisbury, Massachusetts, and 
settled in New Hampshire along the Connec- 
ticut river. Prior to 1830 he removed to 
Bombay, Franklin county. New York, thence 
to Parishville, St. Lawrence county, where he 
died. He married Fannie Flanders, a kins- 
woman (second cousin). Children: Parker, 
Martha, Arthur, (see forward) ; Albert E., 
Caroline. 

(\TI) Arthur, son of Daniel and Fannie 
(Flanders) Flanders, was born in Bombay, 
F'ranklin county. New York, March 17, 1831. 
He married, in 1853, Mary Lovell. Chil- 
dren: I. Arthur W., born February 12, 1855; 
married Julia Dewey, and had Grace P.. and 
George Emerson Flanders. 2. Imogene, born 
July 6, 1857, married Lewis Putnam, and had 
Charles, Edith and Florence. 3. George Lo- 
vell, see forward. 

(\'ni) George Lovell, son of Artluir and 
Mary (Lovell) Flanders, was born at Parish- 
ville, St. Lawrence county. New York, Feb- 
ruary 29. 1856. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools and at Potsdam, and took a short 
course at Union College. He followed the 
profession of teaching for several years, and 
was principal of the Madrid Union School, 
Madrid, New York. In 1884 he was ap- 
pointed assistant state dairy commissioner, 
serving until 1893. During this period he 
took up the study of law at Albany Law 
School, where he was graduated in 1888. In 
1893 he was appointed assistant state com- 
missioner of agriculture, a position he has 
since held continuously. He is considered 
an authority on agricultural law, and has lec- 
tured and written much upon questions of 
vital importance to agriculturists. Through 
the press and on the platform he has created 
a deep interest, and made his department 
one of practical value. In 1901 he was presi- 
dent of the Farmers' National Congress, and 
for three years was first vice-president of the 
National Association of Dairy and Food 
Commissioners, and is now (1910) president, 
having been elected in 1909. In 1909 he was 
elected a director of the National Dairy 
Union, .and subsequently president. He is a 
member of Ancient City Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of Albany, and of the State 
Grange, Patrons of Husbandry. 

He married, April 25, 1885, Catherine 
Southwick Keeler, daughter of William H. 
and Annie Keeler. of .-Vlbany. Children : Lil- 
lian Lovell, and Marion Southwick. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



The Thompson family of 
THOMPSON Troy, New York, vv^ose 
ancestry is herein re- 
corded, descended from Anthony Thompson, 
of England, who came to America in 1637 
and is the founder of the American family 
of Thompson known as the New Haven 
branch. It is -not known from what part of 
England he came, but as Rev. Davenport 
(with whom he came) had been a minister 
in London and Eaton, Hopkins and others 
had been merchants in that city, the infer- 
ence is that he was a native of or near Lon- 
don. The name has long been known in Eng- 
land. Scotland and Ireland under different 
spellings — Tompson. Tomson, Thomson and 
Thompson. In a later generation the line 
crossed another Thompson family, not known 
to be related, beginning with John Thomp- 
son, of England and .Stratford. Connecticut. 
Through this line descent is gained from El- 
der William Brewster of the "Mayflower," 
Sir Richard Saltonstall, Lion Gardiner and 
other famous colonial and revolutionary fam- 
ilies. The Thompson arms : Or, on a fesse 
dancettee az, three etoiles ar. on a canton of 
the second, the sun in glory ppr. Crest : An 
arm erect, vested gu. cuff ar. holding in the 
hand ppr. five ears of wheat or. Motto: In 
lumine luce. 

(J) Anthony Thompson with his wife 
(name unknown), two children, and brothers, 
John and William Thompson, embarked at 
London, England, on the ship "Hector," for 
America, where they arrived June 26, 1637, 
according to Winthrop's Journal, but accord- 
ing to Cotton Mather, the date was July 26, 
1637. They landed at Boston. They were 
a part of the company which came with Gov- 
ernor Eaton and Rev. Davenport, dissenters 
from the Church of Eiigland, who left their 
homes to take up a residence in the new 
world, where they could be free from the con- 
stant persecutions which characterized the 
reign of Charles I. The company was com- 
posed of men of wealth and energy, and af- 
ter careful selection, they decided to follow 
their pastor, Rev. Davenport, in his choice of 
location, which was Quinnipiack or New 
Haven, Connecticut. The Thompson broth- 
ers were allotted lands and became leading 
citizens. John lived at East Haven, where 
he died December 11, 1674. The farm he 
owned is said to be yet owned by descendants. 
He married but left no male issue. William 
made his will October 6. 1682, dying the 
same year. lie resided and died in New 
Haven. 

Anthony Thompson signed the Colonial 
Constitution, June 4, 1639, and appears in the 



original list as having shares in the first and 
second divisions of land. He took the oath 
of allegiance in 1644. His will was made 
March 23, 1648, shortly before his death. It 
was probably made "in extremis." It was 
drawn up by Rev. John Davenport, pastor, 
and Robert Newman, ruling elder of the 
church. He is called Brother Anthony 
Thompson, and seems to have been a devout 
member of the church. The name of his 
first wife is unknown. His second wife was 
Kathern. By first w'ife he had two sons and 
a daughter, and by the second wife, two 
daughters and a posthumous son. Children 
of Anthony Thompson, the emigrant : John, 
born in England, 1632, see forward; Anthony, 
born in England, December, 1634, died at 
age of twenty years ; Bridget, born 1637, 
married Rev. John Bowers, of Guilford. New 
Haven and Derby, Connecticut; Anna, bap- 
tized June 8. 1645, married Stanton ; 

Lydia, baptized July 24. 1647. married. Sep- 
tember 20, 1665. Isaac Crittenden, of Guil- 
ford; Ebenezer, baptized October 15. 1648, 
married. June, 1671, Deborah Dudley. 

(II) John, eldest son of Anthony Thomp- 
son, was born in England in 1632. He is 
called Skipper John Thompson and John 
Thompson, the "Mariner." This to distin- 
guish him from "farmer" John Thompson. 
He was a seafaring man and a resident of 

New Haven. He married Hellena , who 

died April 8, 1690. Captain John survived her 
until June 2, 1707. Children: i. John, born 
May 12, 1657; was called Lieutenant John; 
married Rebecca Daniel ; children : .\nna, 
married Thomas Ives : Daniel, married Mary 
Ball ; Rebecca, married Caleb Mix : Elizabeth, 
married John Bassett ; John ; Anthony. 2. 
William, born 1660, married Hannah Glover ; 
children: James: Abigail: Mary, married 
John Hitchcock : Josiah and Benjamin. 3. 
Joseph, born April 8, 1664; married Eliza- 
beth Smith : children : Anna, Joseph and Ebe- 
nezer. 4. Samuel, see forward. 

(III) Samuel, son of Captain John and 
Hellena Thompson, was born in New Haven, 
Connecticut. May 12. 1669. died in Goshen, 
Connecticut, March 26, 1746. He was a high- 
ly-esteemed merchant of New Haven, but lat- 
er in life removed, to Goshen, where his sons 
.Samuel and Amos had settled. He was suc- 
cessively sergeant, ensign, lieutenant and cap- 
tain of militia. He seems to have been a man 
of importance. There is no record of the 
settlement of his estate nor of the time of his 
removal to (joshen. He married. Novetnber 
14, 1695. Rebecca, tlaughter of Lieutenant- 
Governor Bishop. Children: i. Samuel, 
born December 2, 1696. He settled on the 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



95 



east line of the town of Stanford, Dutchess 
county, New York, where he built a grist 
mill. He married Hester Ailing; children: 
Elizabeth, Samuel, Sarah and Esther. 2. 
James, born June 5, 1699. He settled near 
his brother Samuel in Stanford. He was 
killed by a fall from a tree in 1737. He 
married Harriet W'ilmot ; children : Mary, 
James, Hezekiah, who was a lawyer of Wood- 
bury, Connecticut, and whose son William 
was the first judge of Sullivan county, New 
York, and his son James an Episcopal clergy- 
man of New Durham, Greene county, New 
York. 3. Amos, see forward. 4. Gideon, 
born December 25, 1704. He settled in Gosh- 
en, Connecticut, was deputy, and died in 
Hartford, Connecticut, while attending tlie 
fifth session of the assembly to which he was 
selected. He married Lydia Punderson ; chil- 
dren : Elisha, Daniel, Stephen, Lydia, James, 
Chloe and Lois. 5. Rebecca, born February 

23, 1708: married Austin, of New 

Haven. 6. Judah, born June 10, 17 10. died 
August 5, 1712. 7. Judah, born xAugust 5, 
1713, lived and died in New Haven. 8. Enos, 
born August 18, 1717, lived in New Haven. 
He was the grandfather of Enos Thompson 
Throop, charge-de-afifaires to Naples and gov- 
ernor of the state of New York. Married 
Sarah Hitchcock. 

A distinguished descendant of Samuel 
Thompson was Smith Thompson, judge of 
the supreme court of the United States and 
secretary of the navy. 

(R) Amos, third son of Samuel and Re- 
becca (Bishop) Thompson, was born in New 
Haven, Connecticut, March 3. 1702. He set- 
tled near the pond yet known as Thompson's 
Pond in 1746. Februarj- 3, 1737, he bid of? 
one right in the town of Goshen, Connecti- 
cut. In 1 741 he was chosen town clerk and 
treasurer and re-elected each year until 1750. 
The first meeting house built in Goshen was 
on his land. He married, September 7, 1726, 
Sarah Allen. Children : Allen, born June 2, 
1727: Rebecca, April 28, 1729; Amos, Au- 
gust 7, 1731 : Ezra, see forward; Mary, De- 
cember 6, 1 74 1. 

(V) Ezra, youngest son of Amos and Sa- 
rah (Allen) Thompson, was born in New 
Haven. Connecticut, in 1734. He was one of 
the first supervisors of the town of Stan- 
ford, Dutchess county, New York, being elec- 
ted in 1795. He was a gentleman farmer 
and had a large estate not far from the city 
of Poughkeepsie, New York. He married, 
Rachel Smith. Children : Ezra, see forward ; 
Smith, Egbert, Nathan, Tamna, Rachel, Bet- 
sey and Sally. 

(VI) Ezra (2), second son of Ezra (i) 



and Rachel (Smith) Thompson, was born 
September 3, 1765. died April 3, 1829. He 
was a farmer and brought up his large fam- 
ily to habits of industry and thrift. His es- 
tate lay in Dutchess county, New York, 
where his children were born. He was a 
man of integrity, quiet, yet forceful in man- 
ner, qualities transmitted to his posterity. He 
married, July 13, 1786, Sallie Burton. Chil- 
dren: Huldah, born July 27, 1787; Polly, De- 
cember 19, 1788; Tamna, August 28, 1790; 
Sally, August 22, 1792; George, March 31, 
1794: Walter, March 4, 1796; John Leland, 
see forward; Rachel, born September 21, 
1799; Julia Ann, February 8. 1802. 

(\^II) John Leland, seventh child and third 
son of Ezra (2) and Sallie (Burton; Thomp- 
son, was born at<Amenia, Dutchess county, 
New York, December i, 1797, died at Troy, 
New York, March 27, 1880. He was reared 
on the farm and educated in the publie 
schools. He remained at home until 1817, 
and in that year settled in Troy, where he 
began his business career as a clerk in the 
drug store of Dr. Samuel Gale. At this early 
period Dr. Gale was postmaster of Troy and 
the post office was located in his store. He 
developed remarkable business ability and in 
182 1 was admitted to a partnership, the firm 
becoming Gale & Thompson. In 1826 Dr. 
Gale retired from the firm and for the fol- 
lowing fifteen years Mr. Thompson was sole 
proprietor. In 1841 David Cowee was ad- 
mitted to the firm, and it became John L. 
Thompson & Company. In 1855 John Isaac 
and \\''illiain Augustus, sons of John Leland 
Thompson, were admitted, and the firm name 
was changed to John L. Thompson Sons & 
Company, w-hich still continues. For nearly 
sixty-three years he conducted business on the 
same spot, and at the time of his death was 
the oldest and wealthiest merchant in the city, 
and the business which has developed under 
his guidance and direction had become the 
third largest drug house in the state of New 
York. His career was one of continuous 
success. He began life with a capital con- 
sisting of a good education and a single sil- 
ver dollar, handed him by his father as he 
entered the old store as a clerk, accompanying 
it with these words: "My son, you may re- 
quire a little money liefore you earn any; 
take this.'' He observed the strictest integrity 
in all his business dealings and this rule of 
conduct he laid down as the guide for all his 
employees and associates. Besides being at 
the head of one of the largest wholesale drug 
houses in the state, he held many other po- 
sitions of honor and trust. He was presi- 
dent of the Troy & Greenwich railroad ; one 



■96 



HUDSOX AND :M0HAWK VALLEYS 



of the organizers of the Troy Union Railroad 
Company in 185 1 ; was a director and es- 
pecially active in procuring the title to the 
lands purchased in Troy for the location of 
that road and for the site of the L^nion depot ; 
was a director of the old Farmers' Bank from 
1836 until that institution was merged into 
the United National in 1865, when he re- 
signed : for many years was a trustee of the 
Troy Savings Bank, and a director of the Al- 
bany & \'ermont Railroad Company. He 
was especially interested in the Marshall In- 
firmary, serving on the board of governors, 
and adding a great deal to the usefulness and 
prosperity of that institution. He was a Dem- 
ocrat in politics, although never active in po- 
litical affairs, but was always interested in 
the welfare and growth Of the city whose 
prosperity he did so much to promote. He 
was a lifelong attendant at church services, 
Slthough not a communicant tmtil late in life, 
when he joined St. Paul's Church, whose serv- 
ices for years previous he had rarely failed 
to attend both morning and evening. He 
was always devoted to and practiced the high- 
■est principles of morality and virtue. He 
heartily supported the Washingtonian tem- 
perance movement of 1840 and. always pre- 
viously strictly temperate, from that date for- 
ward he became a total abstainer, declaring 
that no one should ever refer to him as an 
evil example. He was equally opposed to 
the use of tobacco in any form. During his 
last illness, when his articulation had become 
indistinct, one of his sons, after careful listen- 
ing, caught the following sentence: "You 
will never make a success in life without ster- 
ling integrity." And in this sentence may be 
found the keynote of his life. He died at 
the age of eighty-three years and is buried 
at Oakwood cemetery, Troy. He married, 
August 17, 1829, at New London, Connecti- 
cut. Mary Perkins Thompson. Children: 
John Isaac, born April 2, 1831. see forward; 
AVilliam .Vugustus, February 2, 1834, see for- 
ward : Mary Elizabeth. May 14.' 1838, de- 
ceased; George Smith, February 14, 1840; 
Robert Hallam, August 16, 1845 ; James Ice- 
land, September 17, 1847; Rev. Walter, Jan- 
uary 12, 1851 ; Edward Ray, March 19, 1854, 
now deceased. 

(XTII) John Isaac, eldest child of John 
Lcland and Mary Perkins (Thompson) 
Thompson, was born in Troy. .April 2, 1831, 
died in San Francisco, California, October 
16, 1901, while attending the general con- 
vention of the Protestant Episcopal church as 
deputy, representing the .Albany diocese. He 
was educated at a private school in Pough- 
keepsie, New York, and at the Rensselaer 



Polytechnic Institute. He entered business 
life immediately upon leaving college and be- 
came a member of the wholesale drug house 
of John L. Thompson Sons & Company, and 
for many years prior to his death was the 
senior member of the firm founded by his 
father. He inherited the sterling qualities of 
his sire, and under his wise and progressive 
management the business retained its former 
prestige and continued a most successful in- 
stitution. He ranked among the ablest of 
Troy's business men. Among his varied out- 
side interests was the Troy City National 
Bank, now the Security Trust Company, 
which he served as a director for many years. 
He was also on the board of directors of 
the Albany & ^'ermont and the Troy & Green- 
bush railroad companies, both now a part 
of the Delaware & Hudson system. For many 
years he was a trustee of the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute, and was always a warm and 
useful friend of this institution. He was a 
devout churchman, which may be said to have 
been the greatest interest of his life. He was 
a member of the vestry of St. Paul's Epis- 
copal Church for many years, his death ter- 
minating long years of service as a senior 
warden. His services to the church were both 
local and national. With his W'ife he started 
the little chapel on Green Island, now St. 
Mark's Episcopal Church. He was also one 
of the chief organizers of St. Paul's Free 
Chapel, now St. Barnabas Episcopal Church. 
Both of these chapels were placed on a firm 
financial basis through the efforts and liberal- 
ity of Mr. Thompson and wife. Until they 
became separate parishes he served both as 
a trustee. In the renovation and enlargement 
of the mother church. St. Paul's, he was ac- 
tive in pushing the work, raising funds to 
which he was a persistent contributor. For 
many years he was a trustee of the Church 
Home in Troy. In diocesan affairs he was 
both active and prominent. He was a member 
of the General Board of Missions of the 
Church, representing the .Albany diocese. He 
gave freely of his time, means and business 
judgment to the welfare of his church, and 
was a leading spirit in church councils. Of 
an independent mind in political affairs, his 
announced preference was for the Democratic 
party. He was always actively interested 
in the Troy Citizens Corp, holding the 
rank of lieutenant. As paymaster, he 
served on the brigade staff with the 
rank of captain. For many years he 
retained an active interest in the corp and 
gave it his loyal, substantial support, retain- 
ing his mcmbersliip in the senior company 
until his death. Ills clubs were the New 



i 



HUDSON AND jNIOHAWK VALLEYS 



97 



York Yacht and the Troy, serving the latter 
for many years as a director. He was a mem- 
ber of the Society of Mayflower Descendants 
and of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 
Alumni Association. His long and useful 
life terminated while engaged actively in the 
work of the church to which he was devoted. 
Mr. Thompson married, January 29, 1861, 
Mary Mabbett Warren, born May 6, 1838. 
Child : Hobart Warren, see forward, and 
Mary Warren, wife of Edward C. Gale. 

( VHn William Augustus, second son of 
John Leland and Mary Perkins (Thompson) 
Thompson was born in Troy, New 
York, February 2, 1834, died in that 
city, February 15, 1903. He was educa- 
ted at a private school in Poughkeep- 
sie and at the Rensselaer Polytechnic In- 
stitute, and upon leaving college was admit- 
ted to the wholesale drug firm of John L. 
Thompson Sons & Company, and was inti- 
mately associated with his father and elder 
brother in the management and development 
of the very large business transacted by that 
firm, one of the three largest wholesale drug 
houses of the state of New York. His busi- 
ness ability and acumen making him a pow- 
erful factor in the same. He presented in his 
quiet and unobtrusive way a phase of success- 
ful business life which we do not often see, 
and one that illustrates the fundamental prin- 
ciples of a true life, whatever the forms its 
enterprise assumes. Permanent success does 
not grow out of mere activity, perseverance 
and judicious action, but personal virtue com- 
bined with these. Probably the greatest com- 
pliment that can be paid him is that he made 
himself an honor to the great commercial 
world, as well as a credit to the mercantile 
community in which he lived. His business 
transactions were conducted on the principles 
of strict integrity, and he fulfilled to the letter 
every trust committed to him. He had many 
and varied business interests outside John L. 
Thompson Sons & Company. He was vice- 
president and director of the Troy Savings 
Bank : vice-president of the United National 
Bank : director of the Security Trust Com- 
pany ; president of the Troy & New England 
Railroad Company, which road he was fore- 
most in promoting and building; director of 
Troy Gas Company. He was always active 
in the business enterprises that promised 
greater prosperity for Troy, and gave loyal 
support to all church and benevolent institu- 
tions. He was trustee of the Troy Public 
Library, of the Day Home, and of the Church 
Home. His religious home was St. John's 
Episcopal Church, which he served as a mem- 
"ber of the vestry for over a quarter of a cen- 



tury. He was of strong religious convictions 
and gave the church generous and loyal sup- 
port. Politically he was a Republican. He 
manifested a great interest in the Citizens 
Corp, of which he was an enlisted member for 
many years, belonging to the "Old Guard." 
He was a charter member of the present Cit- 
izens Corp and supported it most liberally. 
His club was the Troy. He was a member 
of the Sons of the Revolution, and regent 
of William Floyd Chapter of Troy. 

Mr. Thompson married, June 18, 1863, 
Ilarriette Clarkson Crosby, born in Water- 
vliet. New Y'ork, September 9, 1843, ^'ed at 
her home in Saratoga, June 18, 1895, daugh- 
ter of Clarkson Floyd Crosby, born in Troy, 
died in that city, February 15, 1893, mar- 
ried Angelica Schuyler ; granddaughter of 
William Bedloe Crosby. Children: i. Clark- 
son Crosby, born October 12, 1867, married 
Elizabeth Winters. 2. William Leland, see 
forward. 3. Schuyler Floyd, born April 13, 
1875. 4. Angelica Schuyler, married, April 
28, 1903, Elbert Scranton Piatt; child: El- 
bert Scranton, born March 20, 1904. 

(IX) Major Hobart Warren, only son of 
John Isaac and Mary Mabbett (Warren) 
Thompson, was born in Troy, April 2, 1862. 
He was educated in the Selleck school in 
Norwalk, Connecticut, where he prepared for 
college. He entered Trinity College, Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, wliere he was graduated 
Bachelor of Arts in 1883, and received the de- 
gree of Alaster of Arts in 1886. He took a 
jKJst-graduate course at the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute, which completed his colle- 
giate career. He began his business life with 
the John L. Thompson Sons & Company, 
where he remained two years. In 1885 the 
John L. Thompson Chemical Company was 
incorporated, with Hobart Warren Thompson 
as secretary and treasurer. The business of 
the company was the manufacture of chemi- 
cals. Their plant on Green Island continued 
in successful operation until 1890, when the 
business was purchased by the Nichols Chem- 
ical Company. Mr. Thompson continued with 
the Nichols Company as general manager of 
the works at Troy until 1898, when they were 
absorbed by the General Chemical Company 
of New York. He remained with the new 
owners as superintendent and manager until 
1907, when he retired. The works at Troy 
were then abandoned by the General Chemi- 
cal Company and have not since been opera- 
ted. In 1907, as treasurer of the Sirocco En- 
gineering Company, he engaged in the manu- 
facture of ventilating fans, continuing in that 
business for about a year, when the com- 
pany was absorbed by the .\merican Blower 



98 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Company. He is director of the Troy & 
Greenbiish, Saratoga & Schenectady, and Al- 
bany & Vermont railroad companies ; trustee 
of the Troy Orphan Asylum ; treasurer and 
director of the Troy Boys' Club. He is an 
active churchman, being vestryman of St. 
Paul's Church since 1902 ; member of the 
standing committee of the diocese of Albany; 
secretary of the committee on bishop's salary ; 
and other important diocesan committees. He 
was an enlisted member of the Troy Citizens 
Corp for three years ; appointed on brigade 
staff with the rank of captain, later was pro- 
moted major and quartermaster, serving al- 
together six years. In 19 10 he became su- 
pernumerary. His clubs are: Troy Citizens 
Corp, senior company. Sons of the Revolu- 
tion, William Floyd Chapter; Society of Co- 
lonial Wars ; Troy Club of Troy ; University 
Club of New York; Trinity College Alumni 
Association; L K. A. fraternity. Trinity Col- 
lege. Politically he is independent. He mar- 
ried, April 16, 1895, Grace McLeod, born 
May 26, 1870. Children: Hobart W., Jr., 
born February 20, 1897; Marion McLeod, 
born May 29, 1899. 

(IX) Captain William Leland (2), second 
son of William Augustus and Harriette 
Clarkson (Crosby) Thompson, was born in 
Troy, New York, April 4, 1871. He was 
educated at the Albany Boys' Academy, and 
prepared for college under private tutors. He 
entered Harvard University, where he was 
graduated Bachelor of Arts in the class of 
1893. He was admitted to the J. L. Thomp- 
son wholesale drug firm, established as a re- 
tail store in Troy in 1797. In 1903 the busi- 
ness was incorporated as I. L. Thompson 
Sons & Company, and William Leland was 
chosen treasurer of the corporation. He has 
always shown a lively interest in public and 
military affairs. He is a director of the Se- 
curity Trust Company, United National Bank, 
Troy Savings Bank, and Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, trustee of the Public Libra- 
ry, the Emma Willard School (Troy Female 
Seminary), the Samaritan Hospital. In 1906 
he was a member of the city board of edu- 
cation, and in 1908 was chosen president of 
the board. He is an active Republican and 
has been the choice of his party as candidate 
for the state legislature. He is a member of 
St. John's Episcopal Church and since 1903 a 
vestryman. His military career has extended 
over ma/iy years. He enlisted in the Troy 
Citizens Corp in 1896. During the Spanish- 
American war he enlisted as a private of 
Company C. Second Regiment, United States 
Volunteer Infantry. He was commissioned 
second lieutenant of Company B, Second In- 



fantry, and second lieutenant of the Two 
Hundred and First Regiment, in 1898, and 
served as aide on the staff of Brigadier-Gen- 
eral Charles F. Roe. In 1899 he was commis- 
sioned second lieutenant of Company C, Sec- 
ond Regiment, New York National Guard, 
promoted first lieutenant in 1900, and captain 
in 1904. From 1901 to 1905 he served on 
the staff of Governor Odell. He is a member 
of the Society of Foreign Wars, Sons of the 
Revolution and St. Nicholas Society. His 
clubs are the Troy, the Union of Ne'w York, 
the Army and Navy, and the Harvard of New 
York City. His Harvard University clubs 
and societies are : The Hasty Pudding, Dick- 
ey, Zeta Psi and Institute of 1770. He mar- 
ried, January 6, 1909, Martha Groome, of 
Philadelphia, and has William Leland, born 
December 4, 1909. 

(The Thompson Line). 

Mary Perkins (Thompson) Thompson, 
had distinguished ancestry, beginning with 
the emigrant, John Thompson, born 1582, 
died in 1678. He married in England, Mir- 
able — ■ (. He settled in Stratford, Con- 
necticut, about 1640. 

(II) Ambrose, son of John and ]\Iirable 
Thompson, married Sarah, daughter of John 
Welles, and granddaughter of colonial Gov- 
ernor Thomas Welles, of Connecticut. 

(HI) Deacon John (2), son of Ambrose 
and Sarah (Welles) Thompson, married, 
1705. Ruth, daughter of Benjamin Curtis, 
granddaughter of John Curtis, and great- 
granddaughter of \\'illiam Curtis, who came 
from England in 1632 on the ship "Lion," 

married Elizabeth , and was a man of 

great prominence. 

(IV) John (3), son of Deacon John (2) 
and Ruth (Curtis) Thompson, married, 1739, 
Mehitable Booth. 

(V) Lieutenant William, son of John (3) 
and Mehitable (Booth) Thompson, was born 
October 29, 1742. The inscription on his 
tombstone in the Congregational burying 
ground in Stratford reads: "Sacred to the 
memory of Lieutenant William Thompson, 
who fell in battle bravely fighting for the 
liberty of his country in the memorable action 
at Ridgefield, 27th of April, 1777, when a 
handful of intrepid Americans withstood 
some thousands of British troops till, over- 
powered with numbers, he fell a victim to 
British tvranny and more than savage cruelty 
in the 38th year of his age. He lived beloved 
and died universally lamented, and his body 
being removed from the place of action, was 
here deposited with military honors." He 
married, October 14, 1762, Mehitable Ufford. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



99 



(\'I) Isaac, son of Lieutenant William 
and Mehitable (Ufford) Thompson, was born 
August 24, 1775. died March 2, 1852. He 
married, January 5, 1800, Catherine Mum- 
ford, and they are the parents of Mary Per- 
kins (Thompson) Thompson. 

Mehitable (Ufford) Thompson was a 
daughter of Lieutenant Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Curtis) Ufford, granddaughter of John 
and Hannah (Hawley) Ufford, and great- 
granddaughter of Thomas Ufford, the emi- 
grant, who came to America from England 
in 1632 on the ship "Lion," settled in Strat- 
ford, Connecticut, where he died in 1650. 
His wife was Isabel Gardiner. 

(The Gardiner Line). 
Jerusha (Gardiner) Christophers, great- 
grandmother of Mary Perkins (Thompson) 
Thompson, was a descendant of Lion Gar- 
diner, first proprietor of Gardiner's Island, 
born 1599, died 1663. He was originally an 
engineer in the service of Prince William of 
Orange. He married Mary Williamson. 

(II) David, son of Lion and Mary (Wil- 
liamson) Gardiner, married Mary Bering- 
ham. 

(III) John, son of David and Mary (Ber- 
ingham) Gardiner, married, June 24, 1657, 
Mary, daughter of William King, of South- 
old, New Jersey, 

(IV) John (2), son of John (i) and 
Mary (King) Gardiner, married. May 16, 
1716. Sarah, daughter of Governor Gurdon 
and Jerusha (Richards) Saltonstall, and ma- 
ternal granddaughter of James and Sarah 
(Gibbons) Richards, of Hartford. James 
Richards was assistant, 1665, a man of large 
landed estate. Sarah Saltonstall was a grand- 
daughter of Colonel Nathaniel and Eliza- 
beth (Ward) Saltonstall. Elizabeth was a 
daughter of Rev. John Ward, of Haverhill, 
Massachusetts, and granddaughter of Rev. 
Nathaniel Ward, author of the "Cobbler of 
Agawam," "whose wit," says Mather's "Mag- 
nalia." "made him known to more English 
than one." 

(V) Jerusha, daughter of John (2) and 
Sarah (Saltonstall) Gardiner, married. May 
7, 1741, John Christophers. They are the 
grandparents of Mary Perkins (Thompson) 
Thompson. 

(Brewster Line). 
The "Mayflower" descent of the Thompson 
family is through Mary Perkins Thompson, 
wife of John Leiand Thompson, grandpar- 
ents of the present generation. The two fam- 
ilies of Thompson that were united in that 
manner were not related so far as known. 
The line traces in one direction to Elder 



William Brewster, of the "Mayflower," 1620, 
ruling elder and spiritual guide of the Pil- 
grim Fathers, one of the most prominent 
figures in colonial history. 

(II) Jonathan, eldest son of Elder William 
and Mary Brewster, settled on the Thames 
above New London, Connecticut. 

(III) Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan and 
Lucretia Brewster, married, about 1654, Peter 
Bradley. 

(IV) Lucretia, daughter of Peter and Eliza- 
betli (Brewster) Bradley, married, June 26, 
1681, Judge Richard Christophers. 

(V) Judge Christopher, son of Judge Rich- 
ard and Lucretia (Bradley) Christophers, 
married Sarah Prout. 

(VI) John, son of Judge Christopher and 
Sarah (Prout) Christophers, married, in 
1741, Jerusha Gardiner. 

(VII) Lucretia, daughter of John and 
Jerusha (Gardiner) Christophers, married, 
1770, John Mumford, of Newport, Rhode 
Island. 

(VIII) Catherine, daughter of John and 
Lucretia (Christophers) Mumford, born Au- 
gust 22, 1777, died August 20, 1816, mar- 
ried, January 5, 1800, Isaac Thompson, of 
Stratford and New London, Connecticut, 
born August 24, 1775, died March 2, 1852. 

(IX) Mary Perkins, daughter of Isaac and 
Catherine (Mumford) Thompson, born Au- 
gust 24, 1809, died February 24, 1892, mar- 
ried, August 17, 1829, John Leiand Thomp- 
son, founder of J. L. Thompson Sons & 
Company, and grandfather of the present 
Troy families (1910). 

(The Saltonstall Line). 

Jerusha Gardiner, wife of John Christo- 
phers, descended from Sir Richard Salton- 
stall, born 1586, came from England to Amer- 
ica in 1630. In 1664 he was English ambas- 
sador to Holland, where Rembrandt painted 
his famous portrait. He was a son of Sam- 
uel Saltonstall. Lord Mayor of London. 

(II) Richard, son of Sir Richard and 
Grace (Kays) Saltonstall, was deputy and 
assistant and privy to the concealment of the 
regicide judge. He married, 1632, Muriel 
Gurdon. 

(HI) Colonel Nathaniel, son of Richard 
and Muriel (Gurdon) Saltonstall, was assist- 
ant, 1679-86. Married, 1663, Elizabeth 
Ward. 

(IV) Governor Gurdon, son of Colonel 
Nathaniel and Elizabeth (Ward) Saltonstall, 
was governor of Massachusetts elected in 
1706. Married Jerusha Richards. 

(V) Sarah, daughter of Governor Gurdon 
and Jerusha (Richards) Saltonstall, married. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



1716, John Gardiner, a merchant of New 
London. Connecticut. 

(\'I) Jerusha. daughter of John and Sarah 
(Sakonstall) Gardiner married, March 7, 
.174I, John Christophers, and they were the 
grandparents of Mary Perkins (Thompson) 
Thompson, wife of John Leland Thompson, 
of Troy. 



This branch of the Thomp- 
THO.MPSON son family in Troy, herein 

recorded, descends in di- 
rect male succession from William Thomp- 
son, of Kittery, Maine. An eminent au- 
thority says he came from England. He 
received a grant of land in Dover, New 
Hampshire, in 1656, "beyond Cocheco Legg 
Swamp." In 17 15 John Thompson, of Dover, 
conveyed fifty acres of land which "were 
granted to my father William Thompson by 
the town of Dover." There is no evidence 
that William Thompson ever lived upon the 
land. October 15, 1656, a grant made in 
Kittery "below Sturgeon Creek" to John 
White in 165 1, was assigned to William 
Thompson, who is supposed to have been 
\\'hite"s son-in-law. In 1659 W^illiam Thomp- 
son was presented at York court "For re- 
bellion against his father and mother-in-law." 
He boimd himself to the court in a bond of 
twenty pounds "that hee will be of good be- 
havior towards all men, especially toward his 
father and mother." He left twenty-three 
acres of land, a house and orchard in Kit- 
tery, Maine, and fifty acres in Dover, New 
Hampshire. His wife had probably died be- 
fore 1676. He left children whose ages 
were given in 1677 as here recorded: John, 
aged eighteen, married Sarah Woodman ; 
William, aged sixteen, probably married 
Mary Levering; Robert, aged thirteen, "liv- 
ing with Toby Hansen in Dover" : James, 
aged eleven, see forward ; Alexander, aged 
six, married .\nna Curtis; Judith, aged two. 
John, the eldest, gave a bond in 1684 for 
the proper administration of his father's es- 
tate and to provide for "James, his lame and 
crippled hrotlier." 

(II) James, son of William Thompson, 
"the founder," was born in 1666; as noted 
in the preceding lines, he was "lame and im- 
potent" at the age of eleven years, but he 
grew from this youthful weakness into a 
manhood of the sturdiest type. He became 
a tailor by trade. Land was granted him 
in Kittery in 1694 and 1696. In 1719 he 
moved to York. Maine, where he was also 
granted land. In 1727 he removed with his 
family to New Meadows, Brunswick, Maine, 
>\here he died. He married, in Dover, New 



Hampshire. March 3, 1700-01, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Adrian Frye, of Ffye's Point, 
Kittery, Maine. She was a woman of great 
strength and ability. Children: i. Judith, 
married, July i, 1724, John Smith, of York, 
Maine, and had a large family. 2. Alexander, 
born at Kittery. Maine. "He lived in Bruns- 
wick, ]Maine, before the Indian Wars. He 
lived to be over eighty years old. He had 
no learning, but was a hardy, honest, indus- 
trious man." He married. May 20, 1731, 
Sarah Grover, of York, daughter of Mat- 
thew Grover. She bore him several daughters 
and one son, James. 3. Captain James, born 
in Kittery, February 22, 1707, died at Tops- 
ham, Maine, September 22, 1791. He settled 
at New Meadows, Brunswick. Maine, 
where he was selectman and kept a gen- 
eral store. He was a member of the 
military company with his brothers, Cor- 
nelius and Alexander. His son, Brigadier- 
General Samuel Thompson, was a brave sol- 
dier of the revolution. Captain James mar- 
ried (first) Reliance Hinckley, a descendant 
of Governor Thomas Hinckley, of Massa- 
chusetts; married (second) Mrs. Lydia 
Brown, of Ipswich, Massachusetts ; married 
(third) Mary Higgins. 4. Cornelius, see for- 
ward. 5. Sarah, born April 27, 171 1, "died 
in twenty days after her birth." 6. Mercy 
(called Marcia and Marciel in some old rec- 
ords) born April i, 17 12; married (first) a 
Mr. Austin; (second) David Junkins, and 
settled in Brunswick, Maine. 7. Joseph, born 
March 23, 1713-14, died before 1759. He 
lived and died at Sebascodegan Island, Harps- 
well, Maine. He was noted for great strength. 

8. Dinah, born May 6, 1716; married her 
cousin, Jonathan Thompson, October i, 1737. 

9. Benjamin Thompson, born York, Maine, 
September 9, 1717, died 1765; married. Octo- 
ber 17, 1744, Abigail Philbrook. 10. Richard, 
born June 11. 1724; lived and died in Ken- 
nebunk, Maine, a respected farmer: he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Maddox, of Arundel, Maine. 
II. Elizabeth, born April 19, 1726, died De- 
cember 22, 1726. 

(Ill) Cornelius, son of James and Eliza- 
beth (Frye) Thompson, was born at York, 
Maine, (3ctober 14, 1709, died 1792. He 
served in the Indian wars in 1757. He mar- 
ried Hannah Smith, of York, Alaine. Chil- 
dren : Thomas, who moved to Plattsburgh, 
New York ; Amos, who moved to Bowdoin, 
Maine : Joel, see forward ; Richard Thomp- 
son, who moved to, Wales, Maine; Robert, 
who died at New Meadows ; Phinias, lost at 
sea on ship of war. 

(IV^) Colonel Joel, third son of Cornelius 
and Hannah (Smith) Thompson, was born 




y^ . v/.' ^^ o-r-y^^t-xy) ' 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



in New Meadows, October zt,. 1753, died in 
Lewiston, Maine, May i, 1841. He was a 
soldier of the revolutionary war. He en- 
listed May 15. 1775, from Brunswick, Maine; 
not long after the revolutionary war he 
moved to Lewiston, Maine, where he spent 
the remainder of his days. He represented 
Lewiston, Maine, in the general court of 
Massachusetts. He married, February 18, 
1780. Martha, daughter of the Rev. Thomas 
and Agnes (Smith) Cotton, born in Bruns- 
wick, Maine, Alay 18. 1762, died July 16, 
1828. Cliildren : Mchitable, born May 10, 
1782, died March 22, 1839, married General 
Jedediah Herrick : Joel, see forward ; Phineas, 
born May 23. 1786, died young: Sarah, born 
March 2, 1789, died 1825 : Cornelius, born 
April 18, 1791, died in Lisbon, Maine, No- 
vember 15, 1857, he served for a time in the 
war of 1812. being stationed at the garrison 
at Bath, Maine ; Klartha Cotton, born April 
^7> 1793' <iicd October 13, 1880, married 
(first) Henry Herrick, who died in 1816, 
married (second) Captain Nathaniel Eames. 
Ithamer B. Eames. a son of the second mar- 
riage, was the father of Emma Eames, the 
noted singer ; Ruth, born February 9, 1796 ; 
Hannah, born December 3, 1798, died Au- 
gust I, 1837; Isaac Cotton, born May 22, 
1801. died July 14, 1861 : Theophilus Boyn- 
ton, born June 6, 1803, married, November i, 
184 1. Charlotte Corbett, of W'orcester, Mas- 
sachusetts ; Horatio Nelson born December 
10, 1805, died 1852, unmarried. 

(\') Joel (2), son of Colonel Joel (i) and 
Martha (Cotton) Tliompson, born in Lewis- 
ton. Maine, July 26, 1784, died in Wayne, 
]\taine. September, 185 1. In 1809 he moved 
to Litchfield. Maine, where he taught school in 
the vicinity of Oak Hill. He lived in Litch- 
field several years and was on the committee 
of safety in the war of 1812. He moved to 
Wayne in 1848. He was a man of education 
and decided executive ability. He married 
(first) Ruth, daughter of .-Xaron Dwinel, of 
Lisbon, Maine. She died before 181 1. He 
married (second) Rachel Wilson, of Tops- 
ham, Maine, daughter of William and Mary 
(Patten) Wilson, born December 12. 1813, 
died January I, 1833. Child of first marriage: 
Joel Dwinel. see forward. Children of sec- 
ond marriage : Rev. Thomas Wilson, born 
November 12. 1814, died in Sumner, Maine, 
a prominent Free Baptist minister, married 
Hannah Harmon : Jedediah Herrick, born 
January 11, 1817, died January, 1848: Wil- 
liam ^Vilson. born April 12. 1819, married 
Abbie Clark, resided in Jay, Maine ; James 
Smullen, born April 9, 1822: George Owen, 
born March 11, 1826; Actor Patten, born 



April 26, 1828, died May 7, 1904: Josiah San- 
ford, born December 4, 1832, resides in Woon- 
socket, Rhode Island, married (first) Rose 
Hayford, (second) Lena Edson; Rachel Wil- 
son, born March 21, 1835, died April 21, 
1889, married Major Warren L. Whitney. 

(\T) Joel Dwinel, son of Joel (2) and 
Ruth (Dwinel) Thompson, was born in Lis- 
bon, Maine, December 25, 1810, died at Ban- 
gor, Maine, February 21, 1853. He taught 
school in his early life; later moved from 
Lisbon to Bangor, Maine. He was city clerk 
of Bangor, and afterwards engaged in busi- 
ness there. In politics he was a Whig. He 
belonged to the Methodist Episcopal church, 
of Bangor, where he spent the greater part 
of his life. He married, February 17, 1842, 
Harriett Newell French, of Bangor, Maine, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Libby 
(Quimbyl French, born .April 11, 1818, died 
November 13, 1893. <^See French VHI). 
Children : Professor Dwinel, see forward ; 
Alice, born June i, 1851, died April 17, 1855. 

(\TI) Professor Dwinel French Thomp- 
son, son of Joel Dwinel and Harriett Newell 
(French) Thompson, was born in Bangor, 
Maine, January i, 1846. He is a direct de- 
scendant of (I) Michael Dunnel, of Tops- 
field, Massachusetts, 1650, died there in 17 13. 
(II) Thomas Dunnel, born November, 1672, 
died in Topsfield, 1747. (HI) Jonathan Dun- 
nel. or Dwinel, born June, 1702, in Tops- 
field. (IV) Amos Dwinel, born in Sutton, 
Alassachusetts, 1734. (V) Aaron Dwinel, 
born in Sutton, Massachusetts, August 10, 
1762, died in Leeds, Maine, August 5, 1844. 
(^T) Ruth Dwinel, born in Sutton, Massa- 
chusetts: married Joel Thompson, of Lewis- 
ton. ]\Iaine: she died about 181 1. in Lisbon. 

Professor Thompson, after the death of 
his father, removed with the family to Au- 
burn, Maine. He attended the (Abbott) 
"Little Blue" school, later completed his 
preparatory course at Lewiston Falls Acad- 
emy (now Edward Little Institute), took a 
two years' course at Bowdoin College, and 
then entered Dartmouth, taking a scientific 
course, and graduated with the degree of 
B. S., class of 1869. He taught three years 
at Dartmouth. In 1872 he was appointed to 
the chair of descriptive geometry, stereotomy 
and drawing at the Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute. Troy, New York, which position he 
still holds (1910). In his younger days he 
was greatly interested in athletics, and was 
called the "Father of Baseball" at Dartmouth, 
where he captained the first college team. He 
has always had a deep interest in archeologi- 
cal and genealogical research, has compiled a 
genealogy of the descendants of Edward 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



French, of Salisbury, Massachusetts, and 
given valuable assistance to genealogists in 
preparing the many and complicated Thomp- 
son lines. He has the finest private collec- 
tion of Indian relics in the state. His college 
fraternity is the Delta Kappa Epsilon, and 
he is an honorary member of Sigma Psi and 
Tau Beta Pi, scientific fraternities, whose 
membership is based on merit and achieve- 
ment. He is a director of the Leonard Hos- 
pital, Troy, and was a trustee of the old 
Lansingburg Academy. Professor Thompson 
is well known in educational circles, where he 
is held in the highest esteem. 

He married, January i, 1880, at Troy, New 
York. -Mary Lena, daughter of Solomon Burt 
and ]\rary Eliza (Thompson) Saxton (see 
Saxton \'n). Children: i. Alice Quimby, 
born at Troy, December 17, 1880 ; married, 
February 8, 1910, Robert Hall, of Lockport, 
New York, secretary and treasurer of the 
Lockport Steam Heating Company. 2. Gor- 
don Saxton, born in Lansingburg, New York, 
August 6, 1883 ; was graduated from the 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute with the de- 
gree of C. E., class of 1905 ; he married, 
February 7, 1906, Ethel Williams, of Troy. 
3. Nathaniel French, born in Lansingburg, 
October 16, 1884: graduated at the Rensselaer 
Polytechnic Institute with the degree of C. 
E., class of 1907, now assistant engineer in 
the department for the elimination of grade 
crossings on the New York Central rail- 
road : he married, September 28, 1909, S. La- 
vinia IMorrison, of Lansingburg. 4. Dwinel 
Burt, born in Lansingburg, December 14, 
1886; also a graduate of the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute, 1907, with degree of C. E. ; 
will graduate in class of 191 1 from the same 
institute with degree of E. E. 

(The French Line). 

Harriett Newell (French) Thompson, 
mother of Professor Dwinel French Thomp- 
son, was a direct descendant of Edward 
French, of Salisbury, Massachusetts. 

(I) The surname French is found in Wilt- 
shire. England, records as early as 1252, and 
is found in Scotland in the records of the 
old monasteries under the forms of Francus, 
Franciscus, Franccgena, Franccis and b'ranke. 
The family is a most honorable as well as an 
ancient one. The branch herein considered 
was founded in .America by Edward French, 
of Salisbury. Massachusetts, who received 
land in the "first division," bought land in 
1642, was selectman and a man of influence. 
He was of Ipswich, Massachusetts, in 1633. 
He married Ann Goodale : died December 28, 
1674. He had four children. 



(II) Samuel, son of Edward and Ann 
French, died in Salisbury, Massachusetts, 
July 26, 1692; married (first) April i, 1664, 
Abigail, born February 23, 1643, ^^ied Jan- 
uary II, 1679-80, daughter of Henry and 
Abigail Brown. She was the mother of six 
children. He married (second) Esther 
, who bore him three children. 

(HI) Deacon Joseph, son of Samuel and 
Abigail (Brown) French, was bom in Salis- 
bury, Massachusetts, 1676, died there August 
27, 1749. He was a soldier 1697-1710. He 

married Hannah , who bore him five 

children. 

(IV) Samuel (2), son of Deacon Joseph 
and Hannah French, was born December 11, 
1699, at Salisbury, died April 21, '1767. He 
married, November 23, 1721, Mary Collins, 
born May i, 1698, died November 18, 1766. 
Nine children. 

(V) Nathaniel, son of Samuel (2) and 
Mary (Collins) French, was born January 13, 
1724, at Salisbury. He married Anna Russell. 
Nine children. 

(VI) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
and Anna (Russell) French, was born ]\Iarch 
15. I757- at Epping, New Hampshire, died at 
Sandwich, that state, January 16, 1799. He 
was a farmer. He married. August 27, 1780, 
Martha Jewell, of Sandwich, New Hamp- 
shire, born September 14, 1762, died in that 
town, September 28, 1822, daughter of Rev. 
Jacob and Martha (Quimby) Jewell; nine 
children. Martha Jewell was a descendant of 
the fifth generation from Thomas Jewell, of 
Braintrce, Massachusetts. 1639. 

(VII) Nathaniel (3), son of Nathaniel (2) 
and Martha (Jewell) French, was born in 
Sandwich, New Hampshire, May 23, 1799, 
died June 28, 1876, at Auburn, Maine. He 
was a man of great natural abilit)-, a good 
mathematician and noted for his excellent 
memory. He was a manufacturer and at 
one time owned a machine shop and foundry. 
He held several public offices, including that 
of trial justice. He was a man of influence 
and a member and deacon of the Congrega- 
tional church. 

Nathaniel French married, in 1817, Eliza- 
beth Libby Ouimhy, born at Sandwich, New 
Hampshire, August 25, 1797, died while on 
a visit to Troy, New York, November 18, 
1873. Elizabeth Libby Quimby was a daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant Enoch Quimby, of Sand- 
wich. New Hampshire, a descendant of Rob- 
ert Quimby, the immigrant ancestor from 
England, 1653. who married Elizabeth Os- 
born, and settled at Salisbury, Massachusetts. 
Her grandfather, Major Aaron Quimby, 
served in the revolution. Her father. Lieu- 



HUDSOX AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



103 



tenant Enoch Quimhv, served in the war of 
1812. 

(VIII) Harriett Newell, daughter of Na- 
;thaniel (3) and Elizabeth Libby (Quimby) 
French, was born at Sandwich, New Hamp- 
shire, April II, 1818, died at Lansingburg 
(Troy), November 13, 1893. She married, 
I'ebruary 17, 1842, at Bangor, Maine, Joel 
Dwinel Thompson (see Thompson VI). 

(The Saxton Line). 
This name is common in England, especially 
in Yorkshire. The family name appears 
early on the Massachusetts colonial records. 
Rev. Peter Saxton (also written Sexton) 
■emigrated to Massachusetts as early as 1630, 
and was the first minister to Scituate. The 
first of record in the Connecticut colony were 
Richard and George Sexton, who embarked 
from London, England; Richard, 1635, on the 
ship "Blessing," and was in \\'indsor, Con- 
necticut, 1643; George came later, was a 
contemporary of Richard, and probably his 
brother. It is very sure that he was not a 
son. The earliest mention found of George 
Sexton is in Book of Deeds, at Springfield, 
]\Iassachusetts, in a deed from Thomas Cow- 
■per to George Sexton "Now resident of Wind- 
sor," June 10, 1663. He removed to West- 
field, about 1671, where a son Benjamin was 
born, said to have been the first white child 
born in the town. He died between 1688 and 

1690. He married Katharine , and had 

seven children. 

(II) Captain Joseph, fourth son of George 
and Katharine Saxton, was born at Windsor, 
Connecticut, 1664, died at Enfield, May 3, 
1742. Removed from Westfield to Enfield 
about 1704. He married, November 20, i6go, 
Hannah Wright, born July 28, 1669, died in 
1742, daughter of Abel Wright, of Spring- 
field. Seven children. 

(III) Ensign Joseph (2), son of Captain 
Joseph (i) and Hannah (Wright) Saxton, 
was born in Westfield, October 2, 1694. He 
removed to Enfield with his father and set- 
tled in the East Parish (now Somers). He 
married (first) October 16, 1723, Sarah Par- 
sons, born March 10, 1705, died at Salisbury, 
August 25, 1747. She was a daughter of 
Samuel and Hannah (Hitchcock) Parsons, of 
Enfield, Connecticut ; granddaughter of 
Deacon Benjamin and Sarah (\'ere) Par- 
sons, and great-granddaughter of Richard 
Vere Parsons, of W^estfield. He married 
(second) Widow Mary Collins, by whom he 
had one child. By his first wife he had ten 
children. 

(IV) Deacon Samuel, son of Ensign Jo- 
:seph (2) and Sarah (Parsons) Saxton, born 



June 22, 1726, died March 22, 1816. He 
lived in Connecticut, near Springfield. He 
married Sarah Chapin, January 23, 1754. She 
was born October 19, 1736, died March 27, 
182 1. The Chapin family were prominent in 
Springfield, where a statue is erected to their 
memory. She was a direct descendant of 
Henry and Nelly (Burt) Chapin. 

(V) Noah, son of Deacon Samuel and 
Sarah (Chapin) Saxton, w-as born July 24, 
1772, at South Wilbraham, Massachusetts, 
died April 15, 1850. He probably lived at 
South \\'ill)raham all his life, as all his chil- 
dren were lx)rn there. His eldest son, Noah 
Chapin Saxton, was the first publisher of the 
A'eii' York Ei-angclist. He married. Decem- 
ber 15, 1796, Martha Bliss, born in North 
Wilbraham, March 12, 1775, died December 
18, 1836. 

(\T) Gordon Bliss, son of Noah and Mar- 
tha (Bliss) Saxton, was born in South Wil- 
braham, Alassachusetts, June 5, 1800, died in 
Troy, New York, April 28, 1868. He was a 
merchant of Troy, first engaged in dry goods 
and millinery, later with his son, Solomon 
Burt S'iaxton, in the flour and grain trade. 
He was a member of the Presbyterian church, 
and one of Troy's most respected citizens. In 
1825 he married Philena Fletcher Severance, 
born April 26, 1800, died August 3, 185 1, 
daughter of Benjamin and Betsey (Joslyn) 
Severance, of New Braintree, Massachusetts. 
Five children. 

(VII) Solomon Burt, eldest son and child 
of Gordon Bliss and Philena Fletcher (Sev- 
erance) Saxton, was born in South Wilbra- 
ham, Massachusetts, January 31, 1827, died at 
Troy, New York, Januan*' 12, 1903. When a 
young man he came to Troy and engaged in 
business and later became a member of the 
firm of Saxton & Thompson, with large flour- 
ing mills at Lockport. This business is still 
continued in the family name of Thompson 
by George Thompson. Mr. Saxton later dis- 
posed of his interest in Lockport and devoted 
himself exclusively to the wholesale flour 
business in Troy. He was interested in many 
of the manufacturing enterprises of Troy, 
and was officially connected with the banks 
of the city. He was a successful business 
man and highly regarded as a citizen. He 
was an accomplished musician, and for forty 
years was a member and organist of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Troy, taking high 
rank as a performer on the pipe organ. He 
married. September i, 185 1, Mary Eliza 
Thompson, a descendant of John Thompson, 
of Plymouth, Massachusetts, the American 
founder of her family. (See Thompson Gen- 
ealogy of Troy, New York.) Children: 



T04 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Mary Lena, born December 27, 1855, in Troy, 
New York, married Professor Dwinel French 
Thompson (see Thompson \TI) ; John Gor- 
don, born November i, 1857, in Troy, New 
York, he is a landscape painter of fame, 
with residence in Brooklyn and Amityville, 
Long Island, married, June 20, 1885, Hattie 
Thompson Rowe, of Auburn, Maine. 



The Thompson family of 
THOMPSON Albany, New York, repre- 
sented in the present gen- 
eration by David Allen Tlnompson, descend 
from the early settler of that name in Salem 
county. New Jersey. The family is of Eng- 
lish origin seated in Yorkshire, England. In 
1658 Thomas Thompson and Elizabetli, his 
wife, with their sons John and Andrew, re- 
moved from Kirkfenton, Yorkshire county, 
England, to Ireland. John, the eldest son, 
, married Jane Humbles, or Humbly, born in 
England, and then living in Ireland. An- 
drew, the younger son, was born at Kirk- 
fenton. England, 1637. He removed to Ire- 
land with the family in 1658, and on July 11, 
1664, married Isabella, daughter of Hum- 
phrey Marshall, born in Leicestershire, Eng- 
land, September 16, 1667. Andrew Thomp- 
son, his wife and three children, accompanied 
by his brother John, his wife and four chil- 
dren, embarked in the ship "Mary of Dublin," 
John Hall, master, and landed at Elsinboro 
Point, West Jersey, December 22 of the same 
year. In 1680 the brothers bought of Rich- 
ard and Bridget Guy adjoining lands in the 
present township of Elsinborough, Salem 
county. New Jersey. The "Emigrant house," 
built on the original farm, was standing in 
good condition and repair as late as 1820. 
The site of the house and the orchard in front 
have now been entirely removed by the action 
of the Delaware river wearing away its east- 
ern shore. .Andrew Thompson became a well- 
known public man. He was appointed a jus- 
tice of the peace for the colony by John Fen- 
wick, the governor, and was also one of the 
four justices of the peace elected by the 
general free assembly at Burlington, qualify- 
ing March 15, 1683, serving several years. 
He frequently served as executor and was a 
trusted citizen. He died in 1696. His will, 
written with his own hand, dated 29th of 
tenth month, 1694, devises his homestead of 
one hundred and sixty-eight acres to liis two 
elder sons. William and .Andrew, and specially 
requests them "not to oppress or deale un- 
justly by one the other." Children of An- 
drew and Isabella Thompson, first three born 
in Ireland: i. Elizabeth, born August 15, 
1666; married in Salem, Friends' meeting. 



February 25. 1683, Isaac Smart, the society 
consenting thereto except Isaac had not 
notified his mother in old England, owing to 
the distance, that was waived." Isaac Smart 
died in 1700, and his widow, Elizabeth, "with 
the approval of the meeting," married, No- 
vember 26, 1701, Edward Keasbey. 2. Wil- 
liam, August 9, 1699, married (first) Sarah 

• • — ; (second) Jane Nickson : (third) 

Hannah . He settled at Thompson's 

bridge, now AUowaystown, Monmouth town- 
ship. His son Benjamin, born 17 19. died 
1775, was for many years manager of Wis- 
tar's Glass Works. 3. Andrew (2), see for- 
ward. 4. John, the only child of American 
birth, was born in Elsinborough, Salem 
county. New Jersey, April 23, 1684. 

(II) Andrew (2), son of Andrew (i) and 
Isabella (Marshall) Thompson, was born in 
Parish Donard, Wickloe county, Ireland, No- 
vember 13, 1676, died 1727. He came to 
New Jersey with his parents in 1677. Like 
his father he was trusted in business and fre- 
quently an executor. He was left one-half 
the homestead by his father's will, and in 
1710 purchased his brother William's half, 
thus becoming sole owner of the Elsinborough 
homestead farm. The title to this property 
was held in the Thompson family from 1680 
until December 26. 1882, when David Allen 
Thompson, of Albany, New York, conveyed 
the same to J. Howard Subers, of Philadel- 
phia. It is believed that his first marriage 
was to Rebecca Pedrick, October 28. 1696. 
Children : Jonathan, born September 16, 
1697: Hannah, January 12. 1699: Isabella, 
October 22, 1700; Andrew (3), February 2, 
1704. The records of Salem Friends' meet- 
ings show that at a monthly meeting held 
January 25, 1706. he gave notice that he was 
to marry a wife belonging to the Darby 
(Penn.sylvania) meeting and desired a certifi- 
cate. The same records also show the fol- 
lowing children of Andrew and Grace 
Thompson : Thomas, born November 28, 
1707: Sarah, h'ebruary 8, 1709; Abraham, 
October 26, 1710; Joshua (see forward); 
Thomas, July 21, 1715: Rebecca, November 
3, 1717: .Abraham, May 27, 1721. Several of 
these children died before their father, as his 
will names only "dear and loving wife 
Grace." anil children Andrew, Joshua, Han- 
nah Cook, Thomas, .Sarah and Abraham. The 
inventory of his estate amounted to six hun- 
dred and one pounds twelve shillings, includ- 
ing bonds, bill and book accounts, two hun- 
dred and eighteen pounds eighteen shillings, 
old hooks, four pounds, a clock, and a negro 
woman valued at twenty-eight pounds. 

(HI) Joshua, son of Andrew (2) and his 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



second wife ' Grace Thompson, was born in 
Salem county, New Jersey, February 2, 1713, 
died in 1789. He was a member of the So- 
ciety of Friends, an elder and leader of the 
Salem monthly meeting. It has been said of 
him "that he was an Israelite in whom there 
was no guile." December 17, 1761, he ad- 
vertised in the Pennsyk'ania Gazette for a 
schoolmaster for himself and neighbors in the 
township of Elsinborough. His will, dated 
ninth month, twenty-second day, 1784, was 
probated January 10, 1790. He married 

(first) Sarah 1 — . Children: i. .Andrew, 

see forward. 2. Sarah, born December 24, 
1742; she became second wife of William 
Hancock, a Friend, who, March 21, 1778, 
received a mortal wound at the massacre in 
his house at Hancock's bridge. Salem county, 
by the British soldiers under Colonel Charles 
S. Mawhood. Joshua Thompson married 
(second), Elizabeth Gibson, of Woodbury, 
New Jersey. Children: 3. Joshua (2), born 
June 8, 1748. 4. Rebecca (twin of Joshua). 
5. John. April 7. 1752. 6. Joseph, March 26, 
1756. died March 23, 1778. from wounds re- 
ceived at the Hancock's bridge massacre, pre- 
viously mentioned. 

(I\') Andrew (3). son of Joshua and his 
first wife. Sarah Thompson, was born in 
Salem county, New Jersey, May 29, 1739. died 
August 15. 1782. "and was decently lauried in 
Friends' burying place of Salem the i6th of 
same month." He married Grace, born Sep- 
tember II. 1746. died January 13, 1779, 
daughter of Samuel and Grace Nicholson, of 
Elsinborough, Salem county. Children: 
Joshua (see forward) ; Sarah, born January 
20, 1769, married Jacob Ware; Grace, born 
F"ebruary 12, 1771, married Job \^'are ; Ra- 
chel, born May 7, 1773. married Benjamin 
Tindell : Samuel N.. born May 23, 1777, mar- 
ried .\nn, daughter of Clement Hall. 

(\' ) Joshua (2). eldest son of Andrew 
and Grace (Nicholson) Thompson, was born 
September 19, 1767, died June 22, 1806. 
Under the will of his grandfather, Joshua 
Thompson, he became owner of the Elsinbor- 
ough homestead farm when he reached legal 
age in 1788. He died intestate- in 1806. His 
real estate passed to his three minor children, 
subject to their mother's dower claim. He 
married. May i, 1793, Rebecca Allen, born 
March 21, 1772, who survived him and mar- 
ried (second) Benjamin Griscom. to whom 
she bore two children, Beulah and George. 
She died August 24. 1853. aged eighty-one 
years. Children of Joshua and Rebecca (Al- 
len) Thompson: i. .Andrew (4), see forward. 
2. .Ann. born May 5. 1797. died Alarch 26, 
1870; married (first) Caleb Lippincott, in 



1826; (second) Joseph Ba.ssett. 3. David 
Allen, born June 4, 1803. died August 13, 
1847, at Lockport. New York, unmarried. 

(\T) Andrew (4), eldest son of Joshua 
(2) and Rebecca (.Allen) Thompson, was 
born August 12, 1795, died August 11, 1869. 
He married (first) Rebecca, daughter of 
Samuel and Mercy (Gill) Abbott. The mar- 
riage was conducted under Friends' disci- 
pline, and the committee, April 27, 1818. re- 
ported that it was orderly accomplished. 
Child of first marriage: i. Hannah Ann, born 
October 21, 1819. married, April 17, 1843, 
Elisha Bassett (2), died July 27, 1903; 
children: i. Rebecca, married, February 
24, 1870, S. Preston Carpenter, ii. Henry,, 
married Rebecca Lawrence; (second) Mrs. 
Mary Noble Lippincott. iii. Anna, mar- 
ried, November 6, 1901, William T. Hil- 
liard. iv. Clement. Two other children died 
in infancy. Andrew Thompson married 
(second), November 8. 1827, Ann Dallas- 
Clark, born June 10, 1806, died July 7, 1839, 
daughter of John and Ann Elkinton, of Port 
Elizabeth, New Jersey. Children : 2. Joshua, 
born January 17. 1829. died June 11. 1887; 
married, March 11, 1852, Mary Jane Pan- 
coast; children: i. Anne E., married Smitb 
Bassett. ii. Sarah, married Smith Bassett 
(second wife), iii. Emma, married George 
Acton, iv. Andrew J., died young, v. Caro- 
line, died young. 3. John Elkinton. Septem- 
ber 10, 1830, died April 11, 1907; married, 
March 6, 1856, Mary C. Davis ; children : i. 
Ella, married Samuel Griscom. ii. Mary 
Davis, iii. Elizabeth Davis, married Joseph 
L. Nicholson. M.D. 4. Clark Holmes, Sep- 
tember 7, 1832; married, January i, 1857, 
Anna Test; children; i. Hannah Bacon, mar- 
ried Frank Pettit. ii. Lucy Mulford, married 
Wyatt Acton, iii. Mariana, married Josiah 
Miller, iv. Elizabeth Holmes, v. Alice El- 
kinton, died young, vi. Cornelia, married 
Harry Finlaw. 5. Andrew, March 19, 1835, 
died February 16, 1909, unmarried. .Andrew 
Thompson married (third), .August 8. 1843, 
Mary Thompson Tyler, widow of Charles B. 
Harmer, of Greenwich, New Jersey, and 
daughter of Benjamin and Ann (Thompson) 
Tyler. Her mother, Ann, born May 8, 1787, 
died in 1818, was daughter of Butler and Ann 
Thompson of Allowaystown, New Jersey. 
Mary Thompson Tyler was born October 25, 
1809, died September 15, 1907, at the great 
age of ninet\--eight years. She married (first) 
February 8, 1826, Charles B. Harmer. who 
died February 8. 1828. Their son. Charles- 
B. Harmer (2), was born April 15. 1828. died 
September 21, 1907 ; he married Emeline Scat- 
tergood, and had children : i. Mary T.. mar- 



io6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Tied Benjamin T. Walker, ii. Charles R., 
(2). unmarried, iii. J. Barton, married Julia 
Homer, iv. Susan S., married W. Harris 
Seltzer, and has sons George A., W. Harris 
■{2) and Frank Harmer. The children of 
Andrew Thompson and his third wife, Hilary 
■(Tyler) Thompson Harmer, were: 6. David 
Allen, see forward. 7. Richard, born Febru- 
ary 6, 1846; married October 6, 1870, Eliza- 
beth \\^, daughter of Richard and Charlotte 
(Acton) Wistar; children: i. Charlotte, born 
February 20, 1874, married October 25, 1904, 
George D. E. Mortimer, ii. David A., July 
19, 1876. iii. Mary T., April 20, 1879. iv. 
■Cornelias W., March 17. 1884. v. Caroline 
Mclntyre, October 16, 1888. 8. Anne, No- 
vember 8, 1847 ; married, October 22, 1868, 
Louis ^L Hall ; children : i. Clement Har- 
-wood, born April 12, 1870. ii. Frank Thomp- 
son, born August 23, 1872. iii. Walter, born 
February i, 1878, married Frances T. Car- 
penter, October 19. 1909. 9. Rebecca, Au- 
gust 24, 1849; married, February 18, 1869, 
Clayton Wistar ; children : i. Richard Wyatt, 
February 7, 1870, married, October 25, 1899, 
Marv Acton Rumsey. ii. Arthur Thompson, 
November i, 1886. 

(\'n) David Allen, sixth child of Andrew 
Thompson and edest son of his third wife, 
Mary Harmer, was born at Mannington, 
Salem county. New Jersey, May 29, 1844. He 
-was educated at the Friends' school, Salem, 
New Jersey, and the Salem Academy, gradu- 
■ating from the latter in 1864. He entered 
Haverford College, but after a year spent 
there entered Princeton University, where he 
was graduated A. B., 1868. Deciding upon 
the profession of law, he entered Albany Law 
school, where he was graduated in 1869, and 
was at once admitted to the New York bar. 
He became managing clerk for the law firm 
of Shepard and Stcdman. .Albany, New York. 
In 1871 he began practice in his own office, 
continuing alone until 1879, when the firm of 
Thompson & Andrews was founded, and as 
such did a successful law business. In 1885 a 
third partner was added, and the firm became 
Stedman, Thompson & Andrews. In 1896 
]\Ir. Stedman withdrew and the firm re- 
verted to its former personnel, Thompson & 
Andrews, continuing until 1902. when it was 
dissolved. Since that year Mr. Thompson 
Tias continued in practice alone. He is a law- 
yer of high standing, and is highly regarded 
as a citizen. He is a trustee of the Home 
Savings Rank of Albany, the Mutual Insur- 
ance Company, and has other business in- 
terests. He is interested in church and ben- 
evolent work, serving as president of the 
Albany Orphan Asylum and of the Home for 



Aged Men. He is a member of the Univer- 
sity Club. He is a writer of ability, and is 
deeply interested in historical and genealogi- 
cal research. It is to his painstaking and 
careful investigation that this history of the 
Thompsons of Salem county, New Jersey, is 
due, being compiled from his recent book 
(1910), "Andrew Thompson," "The Emigrant 
of Elsinborough, Salem county. New Jersey, 
and one line of his descendants." He mar- 
ried, October 4, 1871, Margaret, daughter of 
Dr. James and Caroline (Mclntyre) Mc- 
Naughton, of Albany, New York. Children: 
I. James McNaughton, born November 17, 
1872, died December 26, 1908. He married, 
November 12, 1902, Florence J. Jones. 2. 
Andrew (5), August 13. 1877, married, Jan- 
uary 25, 1908, Mary B. Easton. 3. Margaret, 
September i, 1881. 



In the New England records this 
IDE name is to be found under various 
spellings. In the earlier years it was 
Hyde or Hide, then lyde, Ide, lyd and Jyde. 
The last old country (doubtless English) an- 
cestor of the American Ide family under con- 
sideration was : 

Nicholas Ide (or Hyde). He died early in 
the seventeenth century, leaving a son Nicho- 
las (2). The widow of Nicholas (i) after- 
ward married Thomas Bliss, of Belstone, near 
Okelhampton, Devonshire, England. The lat- 
ter belonged to a family of substantial farm- 
ers and landowners of Belstone, who by their 
adherence to Puritan views and opposition to 
the court and clergy, suffered persecution 
under Charles I., and were reluctantly com- 
f)elled to emigrate to the New American 
colonies. Thomas Bliss emigrated to Amer- * 
ica in 1636, taking with him his stepson, 
Nicholas Ide, his wife (formerly Mrs. Ide) 
and two or three children of his own. He 
joined an uncle at Braintree, near Boston, 
Massachusetts. In a year or two he moved 
to Hartford, Connecticut, then back again to 
Braintre in 1640. Religious dissensions 
arising 111 the Plymouth Church. Thomas Bliss 
left the place and settled at Rehoboth, Massa- 
chusetts, where he shared in a distribution 
of land, June, 1644. Here Thomas Bliss, 
who was said to have been a blacksmith, lived 
until his death in 1649. In his will he men- 
tions, besides two sons and daughters, Nich- 
olas Ide as his son-in-law. This is meant of 
course to be stepson, as his half-sister could 
not have become his wife. 

(I) Nicholas (2), son of Nicholas (i) 
Ide, was born in England about 1624, died at 
Rehoboth, Massachusetts, October 18, 1690. 
He came to America with his stepfather. 




I 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



107 



Thomas Bliss, in 1636, and followed his wan- 
'derings until 1643, when they finally settled 
in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, where Nicholas 

• lived the remainder of his days. Rehoboth 
was noted even at that time as having been 
the home of William Blackstone, the first 
settler of Boston, Roger Williams, founder 

■ of Providence, Rhode Island, and Rev. Sam- 
uel Newman. Nicholas Ide (who signed his 
name lyde) first appears in the Rehoboth 
-records as drawing for land, April 9, 1645. 
He was then probably just of age, and we 
may reasonably place his birth date at 1624. 
He participated in other drawings and divi- 
sions in Rehoboth, becoming the owner of 
considerable land. He was admitted a free- 
man in 1648. In 1652 he was fined £25 by 
the general court for selling a gun to an In- 
dian ; he pleaded inability to pay and the 
court in 1657 ordered that on payment of "the 
sum of five pounds in good wampum" the 
balance of the fine should be remitted. He 
was surveyor of the "Highwaies" of Reho- 
both in 1662-69-74. He was one of the com- 
mittee to settle the dispute with King Philip, 
the Indian chief. He is the only Ide that 

• appears in the list of freemen of New Plym- 
outh Colony in 1658-70. His wife was 
named Martha and bore him ten children: 
Nathaniel ; Mary, married Samuel Fuller ; 
John, served in King Philip's war ; Nicholas 
(3), see forward; I^Iartha, married Samuel 
Walker ; Elizabeth ; Timothy ; Dorothy ; Pa- 
tience, married Samuel Carpenter ; and E.k- 
perience. Mrs. Martha Ide was buried at 
Rehoboth. November 3, 1676. Nicholas Ide is 
buried in the same churchyard. 

(II) Nicholas (3), fourth child of Nich- 

• olas (2) and Martha Ide, was born at Re- 
hoboth, in November, 1654, died June 5, 1723. 
He lived first at Rehoboth, and later in Attle- 
boro, Massachusetts. He was a soldier in 
King Philip's war, 1675-76, under Major 
Bradford. He was admitted a freeman in 
1682. He was latterly known by his military 
titles, ensign and lieutenant. He was town 
surveyor of .-Xttleboro in 1697, and town rep- 
resentative in the general court of Massa- 

'chusetts in 1713-14. He married (first) De- 
cember 27, 1677, at Rehoboth, i\Iary Orms- 
bee, who died Sejitember 9, 1690. She bore 
him: Nathaniel, Jacob, Martha, Patience and 
John. He married (second) Elizabeth Hew- 
ins, who bore him Benjamin, see forward, 
Nicholas (4) and Nicholas (5). 

(III) Benjamin, son of Nicholas (3) and 
Elizabeth (Plewins) Ide, was born at Reho- 
both, Massachusetts. December 5. 1693, bap- 
tized March 24, 1700. He married Elizabeth 

.Slack, November 29, 1716, at Attleboro. 



(IV) Nicholas (4), son of Benjamin and 
Elizabeth (Slack) Ide, was born in Attleboro, 
Massachusetts, July 18, 17 17. He married 
and had issue. 

(\') Benjamin (2), son of Nicholas (4) 
Ide, was born October 27, 1754, died .\pril 
13. 1813. 

(\'I) Thomas, son of Benjamin (2) Ide, 
was born April 21, 1779, died November 19, 

1857- 

(\'II) William, son of Thomas Ide, was 
born July I, 1799, died January 13. 1882, 
He was a farmer of the town of Corinth, 
Saratoga county. New York ; justice of the 
peace and a man of influence in town afifairs. 
He married (first) Mary Noyce; (second) 
Sally Carpenter; (third) Deborah Early: 
children of first wife : \\' illiam. Samuel and 
Lydia ; children of second wife: Daniel, John, 
Nathan, George P., Almira, Gilbert Chauncy 
and Reuben ; no issue by third wife. 

(VIII) George Peck, son of William and 
Sally (Carpenter) Ide, was born at Corinth, 
Saratoga county, New York. February 28, 
1836, died at Troy, New York, March 3, 
1907. He was educated in the public schools 
and remained with his parents on the farm 
until he attained his majority, when he went 
to Troy, New York, and for several years 
was employed in different capacities in the 
collar manufacturing establishment. He be- 
came thoroughly familiar with the line of 
business, and in 1865 began his career as a 
manufacturer that continued successfully until 
his death, founding the house of George P. 
Ide & Company, one of the leading firms of 
Troy and known throughout the world. His 
first partner was S. \'. R. Ford. In 1867 
Samuel N. Ide was admitted a partner. In 
1878 this firm dissolved, and in association 
with James M. Ide, F. B. Twining and 
Charles E. Bruce formed the firm of George 
P. Ide, P>ruce & Company. In 1884 the firm 
became George P. Ide & Company. The busi- 
ness interests and official positions held by 
George P. Ide outside the large interests in 
the George P. Ide Company were numerous 
and exceedingly weighty. For twenty-five 
years he was president of the Manufacturers 
Bank of Troy ; was vice-president of the 
-Security Trust Companv and director of the 
Security Safe Deposit Company, Troy, New 
York, and the Adirondack Trust Company of 
Saratoga Springs. In the world of finance he 
was a power. He was president of the Troy 
Telegraph & Telephone Company, of the 
.•\merican District Telegraph Company, and of 
the Magnetic Ore Separator Company : direc- 
tor of the L'nited Traction Company, the 
Hudson River Telephone Company, the Troy 



io8 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Gas Company, the Troy & West Troy Bridge 
Company ; trustee of the Samaritan Hospital, 
besides being interested in several other cor- 
porations. It will thus be seen that he was 
long and closely identified with the progress 
of Troy, particularly with the development 
of the great industry for which it is famous. 
He bore heavy responsibilities in a way that 
challenged the admiration of his fellow citi- 
zens. He was active and influential in every- 
thing that claimed his attention up to his 
last illness. He was a most modest and un- 
assuming man, yet he achieved great success 
for himself and for those associated with 
him. He was fond of recreation and found 
opportunity to always enjoy relaxation from 
the cares of business. He knew when to 
work and wheh to play, and in consequence 
retained his mental and physical vigor until 
the final summons came. He was greatly 
interested in the breeding and development of 
the light harness horse and owned many 
speedy trotters which he was very fond of 
driving. He was one of the organizers of the 
Park Club and remained a member until his 
death. He was a Republican in politics, but 
never entered public political life. 

He married (first) in 1863, Sarah R., 
daughter of Alba Marshall, who bore him a 
son. Alba Marshall Ide, see forward. He 
married (second) Mary Ella, daughter of 
Edward W. M. Savage, of Troy, New York, 
(see Savage VH). Children: Herbert Sav- 
age ; Ariel H. ; Caroline, married Albert E. 
Cluett ; George Peck (2) ; Edith I., married 
(first) Windsor B. French, who died January 
27, 1908, married (second) Joseph O. Eaton, 
April 26, 1910, children by Mr. French were: 
Edith. Caroline W., Mary S.. died in infancy, 
^^'indsor P.. Jr.. and Edward S. French. 

(IX) Alba j\Iarshall, only son and child of 
George Peck and his first v^-ife. Sarah R. 
(iMarshall) Ide, was born in Troy, New York. 
He was educated in the public schools and 
Troy Academy, and attended Mt. Anthony 
Seminary, Bennington. \'ermont. He began 
his business career in the collar manufactur- 
ing works of George P. Ide & Company, 
where he became familiar with all details 
of the business. December t, 1889, he was 
admitted a partner, and has been continuously 
connected with this great Troy firm since 
that date. He is a man of great business 
ability, and in his many and varied interests 
shows a quick ])erception and decision. He 
is interested in many of the public enterprises 
of Troy : he is president of the Magnetic Sep- 
arator Company, director in the Manufactur- 
ers National Bank, director in the American 
District Telegraph Company, director in the 



Troy Gas Company, president of the Rensse- 
laer County Republican Club, vice-president 
of the Troy Chamber of Commerce and 
others, and is associated on the boards of 
her benevolent and educational institutions 
with those who, like himself, are thoughtful 
of those less fortunately situated. In 1909 he 
was elected presidential elector of the twenty- 
second Congressional district and was secre- 
tary of the electoral college. He married 
Gertrude Knight, of Troy, New York. Chil- 
dren : Eleanor, Sarah Marshall, Gertrude 
Knight, Mary Ella. Gertrude (Knight) Ide 
is a granddaughter of Richard, son of Wil- 
liam Knight, of England. Richard Knight 
was born in Renham, England, died in Troy, 
New York. He married Sarah, born in Lon- 
don, England, daughter of Dr. Carman, of 
that city ; children : Mary, Emma, Catherine, 
Charles, George. Joseph, born 1845. Joseph 
Knight is engaged in the publishing business 
in central Massachusetts. He married Cath- 
erine Gertrude Van Hoevenberg ; children : 
Harold : Jessie Linda, married Charles E. 
Cluett : Amy. married Robert Cluett, Jr. ; Ger- 
trude, married Alba M. Ide. 

(The Savage Line). 
Mrs. George Peck Ide (Mary Ella Savage) 
is a direct descendant of John Savage, whO' 
settled in Middletown, Connecticut, in 1652. 
The earliest information concerning him is 
contained in the records of Hartford. Con- 
necticut, as follows : "John Savage of Flart- 
ford, was married to Elizabeth Dubbin ye 
tenth day of febru ; one thousand six hun- 
dred and fifty two." The name of his wife 
is Dublin in the Middletown land records, 
but Dubbin in the marriage record. Wlience 
John Savage came, where and when he 
landed in America is not known. As few be- 
sides Englishmen were then in New England 
it is hardly to be questionefl that he came 
from England, landed in Massachusetts, and' 
thence removed to Hartford. His will is 
signed John Savidge, but in the opening- 
declaration Sauedg. In England the common 
spelling is Savage, in parts of France. Sauv- 
'age, and in New England the records have 
the name Savadge, Savidge, Savige, Sauage, 
as well as Savage. He was "mayd free" May 
18, 1654. In 1674 he possessed one thou- 
sand two hundred and seven acres of land. 
His name is seventh in the list of members 
who organized September 4, 1668, the First 
Congregational Church of Middletown. He- 
was one of the two "'Townsmen" (select- 
man) of Middletown in 1657, and in 1673-74, 
and held the military rank of sergeant. His 
residence was in that part of Middletown' 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



109 



Tiow Cromwell, where he died March 6, 1684- 
-"85. His estate which he disposed of by will 
consisted of eisjht hundred and five acres of 
land and personal property valued at £480. 
15s. Children: i. John, born December 2, 
1652 ; married Mary Ranney. He was cap- 
tain of the "North" train band of Middle- 
town. 2. Elizabeth, married Deacon Nathan- 
iel White, and lived in Hadley, Massachu- 
setts. 3. Sarah, married Israel Wilcox, of 
Hartford, Connecticut. 4. Thomas, died in 
infancy. 5. Hannah, died in infancy. 6. 
Mary, became the second wife of John Whit- 
more (late Wetmore) ; she married (second) 
Deacon Obadiah Allen. 7. Abigail, married 
Edward Shepard, deputy from Middletown to 
the general assembly, 1710-11. 8. William, 
see forward. 9. Nathaniel, born May 7, 1671, 
married Esther Ranney. He was lieutenant 
•of the "East" train band. 10. Rachel. 11. 
Hannah. 

(H) William, son of John and Elizabeth 
(Dubbin) Savage, was born in Middletown, 
Connecticut, April 26, 1668, died January 25, 
1726-27. He was captain of the North Com- 
pany of Middletown in 1719; deputy to the 
general assembly from 1715 to 1726: deacon 
of the church in 1716. He married (first) 
May 6, 1696, Christian Mould, born 1677, 
died ^1719, daughter of Hugh and Martha 
(Coif) Mould, of New London. He married 
(second) November, 1726, Mrs. Elizabeth 
(Whitmore) Clark, widow of Daniel Clark, 
who survived him and married a third hus- 
band, Williams. Children by first 

wife, all born in Middletown, Connecticut : 
I. Martha, married (first) Jacob White, of 
Middletown; married (second) Jonathan 
Riley, of Hartford; married (third) Cap- 
tain Samuel Parker, of Coventry, Con- 
necticut. 2. William (2), see forward. 
3. Christian, married Lieutenant Sam- 
uel Shepard (his second wife), of Middle- 
town. 4. Hannah, married her first cousin, 
William Savage, son of John (2) Savage. 
5. Sarah, married Ebenezer Norton, of Farm- 
ington, Connecticut. 6. Joseph, born Sep- 
tember 21, 1711; he was commissioned cap- 
tain of Fifth Company, Sixth Regiment, 
Colonial Militia, in 1754. He married" (first) 
]\Iary Whitmore, (second) Prudence Stow. 
Four of his sons, Abijah, Simeon, Gideon and 
Nathan, served in the revolutionary army, 
Abijah being a lieutenant in Arnold's expe- 
dition against Quebec. 

(HI) Deacon William (2), son of William 
(i) and Christian (Mould) Savage, was 
born at Middletown, Connecticut, September 
18, 1699, died April 15, 1774. He was deacon, 
of the Middletown church. He married. 



June 2, 1726, Sarah Savage, his cousin, born 
September, 1700, died August 10, 1782, 
daughter of John (2) and Mary (Ranney) 
Savage. Children: i. William (3), torn 
h'cbruary 19, 1727, died October 24, 1809; 
married Martha Gibson, and had eleven chil- 
dren. This family removed to eastern New 
York, where descendants now dwell. 2. 
Elisha, born December 9, 1728, died Novem- 
ber 23, 1803; married Thankful Johnson, and 
lived in Lkrlin, Connecticut. He was ensign 
of the Fifteenth Company, Sixth Regiment, 
Colonial Militia, and afterward served in the 
revolutionary army. Eleven children. 3. 
Jonathan, born July 12, 1731, died April 4, 
1805 ; married Elizabeth Ranney ; ten chil- 
dren. 4. Amos, born September 25, 1733, died 
February 4, 1783 ; married Sarah Montague ; 
eleven children. 5. Josiah, born October 17, 
1735, died July 6, 1804; married Sarah Stow; 
eight children. 6. Stephen, born October 26, 
1737. died August 14, 1825 ; he was a soldier 
of the revolution : married Triphena Riley ; 
six children. 7. Solomon, see forward. 8. 
Daniel, born October 11, 1742, died January 
17, 1812; married (first) Martha Norton; 
(second) Mrs. Abiah, widow of Mordecai 
Lincoln ; two children. 

(IV) Dr. Solomon, son of Deacon Wil- 
liam (2) and Sarah (Savage) Savage, was 
born June 22, 1740, died January 29, 1783. 
He was a physician and served as surgeon in 
the continental army. He married (first) 
December 3, 1761, Sarah Selden, born August 
30. I743. died September 12, 1774, daughter 
of Captain Thomas and Rebecca (Walkley) 
Selden, of Haddam Neck. He married (sec- 
ond) December, 1775, Naomi Kilby, who 
survived him and married (second) Prosper 
Hubbard. Children: Solomon (2), Mary, 
Miriam, Elias, Chloe, Selden, Asa, see for- 
ward, and Elijah. 

(V) Asa, son of Dr. Solomon and Naomi 
(Kilby) Savage, was born in Hartford, Con- 
necticut, about the year 1780, died in Troy, 
New York. He married Abigail Calender; 
children : Charles, Edward Winslow Martin, 
see forward ; Dwight, Ralph, Maria, John, 
James, Emily and Alary Jane. 

(VI) Edward Winslow Martin, son of 
Asa and Abigail (Calender) Savage, was 
born in 1812 in Nassau, New York, died in 
Troy, New York, November 4, 1857. He 
married, 1838, Caroline Gotty, born in 1819 
at Enfield, near the city of London, England, 
died in Troy, New York, 1888. Children: 
Emily, Caroline, Mary Elizabeth, died young,^ 
Alice, Mary Ella, see forward. 

(VH) Mary Ella, youngest child of Ed- 
ward W. M. and Caroline (Gotty) Savage, > 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



was born November 26, 1849. She married, 
Januarj' 2j, 1869, George Peck Ide (see Ide 
VIH). 



James Draper, the Puritan, 
DRAPER son of Thomas Draper, of the 

priory of Heptonstall, vicarage 
of HaHfax, Yorksliire county, England, was 
bom at Heptonstall, 1618, died at Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, July 6, 1694. He married, at 
Heptonstall, April 21, 1646, Miriam, daughter 
of Gideon and Grace (Eastwood) Stansfield, 
of Wadsford, Yorkshire, England. She was 
born at Heptonstall, November 27, 1625, and 
died at Roxbury, Massachusetts, January, 

1697. James Draper's first residence in Amer- 
ica was in Roxbury, Massachusetts, and there 
his first American children were born. From 
Roxbury he removed to Dedham. Later he 
probably returned to Roxbury, where he and 
his wife died and are buried. He was made 
a freeman of Roxbury in 1690. Children: i. 
Miriam, born February 7, 1647, in Hepton- 
stall, England, died in infancy. 2. Susanna, 
about 1650, in Roxbury, Massachusetts, mar- 
ried, 1668, John Bacon. 3. Sarah, 1652, mar- 
ried. May 9, 1669, James Hadlock. 4. James, 
see forward. 5. John, June 24, 1656, died 
April 5, 1749, in Dedham. 6. Moses, Septem- 
ber 26. 1663. died August 14, 1693, in Boston. 
7. Daniel, May 30, 1665, died in Dedham. 8. 
Patience, August 17, 1668, married, March 
13, 1689, Ebenezer Cass. 9. Jonathan, March 
10, 1670, died February 28, 1746-47, in Rox- 
bury. 

(H) James (2), son of James (i) and Mi- 
riam (Stansfield) Draper, was born in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, 1654, died there April 30, 

1698. He married, February 18, i68i, Abi- 
gail, daughter of Nathaniel and Hannah 
(Dwight) Whiting, of Dedham, Massachu- 
setts, born in Roxbury, June 7, 1663, died 
there, October 25, 1721. She was a grand- 
daughter of John Dwight, from whom Presi- 
dent Timothy Dwight, of Yale, and other 
prominent men are descended. James Dra- 
per was a soldier in King Philip's war during 
the year 1675. He received from his father, 
part of the farm at Roxbury. This he subse- 
quently sold to John Aldis. He then bought 
the estate Ijelow Baker street, where he, and 
after his death his widow, kept an ordinary. 
James Drajjer and his wife are buried in 
the First Parish cemetery at Dedham, Massa- 
chusetts. Children: i. Abigail, born Decem- 
ber 29, 1681 : married James Griggs. 2. Na- 
thaniel, April 2, 1684, died December 30, 1721 ; 
married, January 22, 1706, Abigail Lyon. 3. 
William, May 15. 1686, died young. 4. Eu- 
nice, June 5, 1689, died June 13, 1714; mar- 



ried, June 24, 1708, Nathaniel Aldis. 5. James,. 
1691, died April 24, 1768; married. May 2, 
1716, Rachel Aldis. 6. Gideon, 1694: mar- 
ried, April 22, 1713, Abigail Aldis. 7. Ebe- 
nezer, April 27, 1698, died June 3, 1798; 
married. May 2, 1723, Dorothy Child. 

(HI) James (3), son of James (2) and Abi- 
gail (Whiting) Draper, was born in Roxbury,. 
Massachusetts, 1691, died April 24, 1768. He 
removed to Glen Lodge, a settlement about 
two miles east of Dedham, afterward part 
of the latter. He was a captain of the trained 
band, was elected a selectman in 1746, to 
serve one year, and again in 1756, to serve 
two years. He was a prosperous man, a large 
landowner', prominent in the town affairs of 
Dedham, and much respected. He married 
(first) May 2, 1715, Rachel, daughter of John 
and Mary Aldis, born March 15, 1690, died 
May 16, 1717. He married (second), Novem- 
ber 12, 1719, Abigail, daughter of Joshua and 
Elizabeth (Morris) Child, of Brookline, Mas- 
sachusetts, born 1698, died November 23, 
1767. Child by first wife: i. John, born Janu- 
ary 29, 1716, died March 10, 1717. Children 
by second wife: 2. James, born September 22, 
1720, at Stoughton, died at Spencer, March 2, 
1781 : married (first) November i, 1743, Me- 
hitable Whiting; (second) Mrs. Martha (Bur- 
nett) Ward, a widow. 3. Abigail, December 
12, 1 72 1, at Stoughton, died November 3, 
1817 ; married (first) September 30, 1741, 
Henry White; (second) starch 7, 1750, Ma- 
jor Asa Baldwin. 4. John, June 16, 1723, at 
Stoughton, died November 8, 1745, at Ded- 
ham. 5. Joshua, see forward. 6. Josiah, April 
3, 1726, at Stoughton, died August 18, 1726. 

7. Josiah, September 12, 1727, at Stoughton. 

8. Rebecca, June 30, 1729, at Stoughton, died 
January 30, 1830. 9. Mary, September 24, 
1731, at Stoughton. 10. Abijah, July 13, 1734, 
at Dedham, died November 18, 1734. 11. Abi- 
jah, July II, 1735, at Dedham, died February 
13' ^7}>7- 12. Abijah, May 10. 1737, at Ded- 
ham; died there. May i, 1780; married (first) 
April 8, 1762, Alice Eaton; (second) March 
25, 1778, Mrs. Desire Metcalf. 13. Samuel, 
December 5, 1740, died November 29. 1750. 

(IV) Joshua, son of James (3) and Abigail 
(Child) Draper, was born at Dorchester, Mas- 
sachusetts, December 25, 1724, died at Spen- 
cer, Massachusetts, October 27, 1792. He re- 
moved from Dedham to Spencer. He was a 
member of the revolutionary committeee of 
correspondence for the years 1776-77. assessor 
from 1765 to 1 77 1, and was considered for 
those times to be a wealthy man. He married 
(first) at Dedham, Massachusetts, April 14, 
1748, Abigail Fairbanks, who died February 
17, 1762. Married (second) Widow Sarah 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



^ 



Wright, of Brookfield, Massachusetts, who 
died April 12, 1820. Children by first wife: 
1. Joshua, see forward. 2. Sarah, born March 
19, 1751, died about 1777; married. May 2, 
177 1, Jonas Muzzy. 3. Samuel, May 8, 1752; 
married his cousin, Millie Draper. 4. Abigail, 
May 2. 1756, unmarried. Children by second 
wife: 5. Asa. March 11, 1763, died at Clare- 
mont, New Hampshire ; married, July 19, 
1785, Ruth Whittemore. 6. Simeon, March 
27, 1765, married (first), August 24, 1786, 
Mary Bemis; married (second), September 
10, 1832, Catherine C. Lewis, a widow. 7. 
Ira, February 18, 1767; went to sea and was 
never heard of after. 8. Joel, June 18, 1769; 
died unmarried in Otsego, New York. 9. 
William, December 9, 1771, died December 
30> 1845. 

Abigail (Fairbanks) Draper, born Decem- 
ber 4, 1724, traced her ancestry to Jonathan 
Fairebanke (Fairbank, Fairbanks), who came 
from Sowcrby in the West Riding of York- 
shire, England, to Boston, Massachusetts, in 
the year 1633, and settled in Dedham, Massa- 
chusetts, 1636, where he built the noted "Old 
Fairbanks House," which is still standing, 
the oldest dwelling house in New England 
that has been continuously occupied by the 
builder and his lineal descendants. He was 
born in England before 1600. He married 
Grace Lee. Their youngest son, Jonathan, 
was born in England, admitted townsman in 
Dedham "ye i of ye 11 ; 1654." He died Jan- 
uary 28, 1711-12. He was a soldier' in King 
Philip's war, serving in the first or Mt. Hof>e 
campaign in 1675, also in several subsequent 
campaigns. He married Deborah, daughter 
of Edward Shepard, of Cambridge. Their 
youngest son, Jonathan, was born probably 
about 1677; lived in Dedham, south parish 
(now Norwood) : married (first) 'Slary Harts- 
horn. February 3, 1702, who died August, 
1704-05: married (second) Deborah, daugh- 
ter of Captain Samuel and Mary (Woodcock) 
Guild, of Dedham, born July 16, 1685. died 
August 3, 1773. Their eighth child and fourth 
daughter was Abigail, above-mentioned. 

(\') Joshua (2), son of Joshua (i) and 
Abigail (Fairbanks) Draper, was born in 
Spencer, Alassachusetts, May 25, 1749, died at 
Westford, New York, May 12, 1839. He 
lived for many years in Chester, Massachu- 
setts. He was a soldier in the revolutionary 
war, serving as a private in Captain Benjamin 
Richardson's company from Spencer. Colonel 
Nicholas Dike's regiment. He was at the 
battle of Bunker Hill, and at the relief of Dor- 
chester, September, 1776. The musket he 
carried is still in the possession of the family. 
His services were rewarded by a government 



pension. After the war he migrated with his 
family to New York state and settled at West- 
ford. Otsego county, where he cleared a tract 
of land of timber in what was then a wilder- 
ness, built a house on it, and engaged in farm- 
ing. After the death of his wife, 1823, he 
made his home with his son Sylvester. He 
married, August 5, 1773, Mary Pratt, bom 
in Hanover, Massachusetts, January 28, 1750,. 
died of consumption, September i, 1823. 
Children: i. Bethuel, born August 27, 1774, 
died March 25, 1814; married Polly Vaughn. 

2. Lucy, January 22, 1776, died November 9, 
181 1 : married Asa Bidlake. 3. Hazor Enor,. 
September 6. 1777: married (first), Septem- 
ber 6, 1803. Hannah Pratt; (second) Mrs. 
Ruth (Pratt) Lane, widow, and sister of his 
first wife. 4. Rufus, January 28, 1779, died 
January 19, 1822 : married Hannah Inglis. 5. 
Mary, September 14, 1780, died October x, 
1780. 6. Abijah, September 3, 1781 ; married, 
January 30, 1812, Isabelle \'an Tuyl. 7. Syl- 
vester, see forward. 8. Joshua, January 23,. 
1785 ; married Betsey \'aughn. 9. Dexter, 
December 8, 1786; married, August i, 1816, 
Oriel Babcock. 10. Abigail, April 14, 1790,. 
died April 21, 1827; married Reuben Wilder. 
II. Achsah, February 16, 1792, died June 22, 
1823, unmarried. 

(\ I) Sylvester, son of Joshua (2) and 
Mary (Pratt) Draper, was born in Chester,. 
■Massachusetts, May 14, 1783. died May 8, 
1852, in Westford, Otsego county. New York. 
He married, in Worcester, New York, Decem- 
ber 22, 1808, Sukey. daughter of Dr. Uriah 
Bigelow, a prominent physician. She was born 
at Boylston, Massachusetts, August 21, 1789, 
died at Westford, New York, June 12, 1863. 
All his children, excepting the two eldest, were- 
born at Westford, New York. Children: i. 
Sylvester Bigelow, see forward. 2. Susan 
Gregory, born May 22, 181 1 ; married, Sef)- 
tember 5. 1838, Alden Chester, of Maryland. 

3. Josiah Harrington, February 6, 1813: died 
in Albany, P'ebruary 10, 1894; married (first) 
February 22, 1837, Adelia W. Babcock: (sec- 
ond), October 15, 1861, Mrs. Helen Avery, 
of Albany; (third), November 31. 1878,. 
Fanny Rathbone, of Albany. 4. Caroline Ma- 
ria, June 19, 1815 ; died in Richmondville,. 
New York, June 3, 1896; married (first), 
January 22, 1846, Benjamin Westcott ; (sec- 
ond) July 31, 1878, Asa H. Cleveland. 5. 
Adelia Sophia, October 11, 1817; died at 
Whitestow^n, New York, March 7, 1892 ; mar- 
ried, April 13, 1842, Henry W. Wilson. 6. 
Fernando Pratt, August 9, 1819; died at San 
Francisco, California, January 16, 1896; mar- 
ried, June 16, 1846, Lucy A. Preston. 7. 
Lysander, October 2, 1821 ; died at J\laryland,. 



HUDSOX AND MOHA\\-K \'ALLEYS 



New York, April 30, 1898; married, October 

11, 1855. Rachel Anne Gurney. 8. ^^larinda, 
October 10, 1823; died at Richmondville, New 
York, ^larch 28, 1899: married, October 5, 
1853, Luther M. Robinson. 9. Lucy, August 

12, 1826, died August 14, 1827. 10. Milton, 
June 24, 1829, died in Goodland, Indiana, No- 
vember 24, 1877. II. Maria, September 12, 
1832; married (first) January 29, 1865, John 
E. Moore; (second) John H. Rider. 

(X'H) Sylvester Bigelow, son of Sylvester 
and Sukey (Bigelow) Draper, was born in 
Worcester, New York, February 19. 18 10. 
died in Albany, April 21, 1890. He removed 
to Albany in 1855, and remained there until 
his death. He married (first). Amy West- 
cott. of Milford, May 4. 1836; she died Feb- 
ruary 19, 1845. Married (second) Jane Sloan, 
of Worcester, June 14, 1846. Children by 
first wife, all born in Westford : i. Olive, 
IMay 25, 1837, died July 22, 1891. marrie^, 
July 2, 1863, Silas H. Walker. 2. Anne Eliza- 
beth, June 28, 1839. died December 19. 1885, 
in Albany : married, December 13. 1858, John 
M. Brightenger, of Albany. 3. Pedia Marin- 
da, July II, 1842. 4. Orlo Westcott, Decem- 
ber 29, 1844, died January 9, 1845. Children 
by second wife : 5. Andrew Sloan, see for- 
ward. 6. Harlen Page, June 19, 185 1, at 
Westford, married. May 14. 1874, Anabel 
Bryce. 7. Julia Isabella, July 12, 1852, at 
Westford, died there Alarch 9, 1855. 8. Mar- 
garet Jane, August 30, 1864, at Albany, died 
there July 16, 1865. 

(VIII) Dr. Andrew Sloan, son of Sylvester 
Bigelow and Jane (Sloan ) Draper, was bom 
en a farm in the town of Westford, New York, 
June 21, 1848. He attended the public schools 
of Albany from 1855 to 1863. when he won 
a scholarship at the Albany Academy, from 
which institution he graduated in 1866. Dur- 
ing his entire academic course he supported 
himself by work in the office of the Alban\ 
Ez'cnin^ Journal. Through the four succeed- 
ing years he was employed in the office of a 
leading house in the Albany lumber district 
in the summers and taught school winters. 
One winter he taught at the Westford Liter- 
ary Institute at Westford, New York ; another 
in the Albany .Academy ; a third he was prin- 
cipal of a graded school at East Worcester, 
New York. In 1870 he took the course of 
study at the Albany Law School and was 
•admitted to the bar in May, 1871. He then 
formed a partnership with his cousin, .-\lden 
'Chester, under the firm name of Draper & 
Chester, and entered upon and continued to 
practice the legal profession until 1885, when 
his practice was interrupted, and in 1887 the 
:firm dissolved. In January, 1885, he was ap- 



pointed by President Arthur one of the judges 
of the United States court of Alabama claims. 
Dr. Draper has always been an active mem- 
ber of the Republican party. He made many 
addresses in the presidential campaign of 
1868, although he was not old enough to vote 
for General Grant on election day, and he has 
been heard in every state and national cam- 
paign until he became state superintendent of 
public instruction, in 1886. In 1880-81-82, he 
was chairman of the Republican county com- 
mittee of Albany county. In 1880 he was 
elected to the state legislature, was a member 
of the standing committees on ways and 
means, judiciary, public education and print- 
ing. He was a member of the special com- 
mittee which investigated the charges of brib- 
ery against Senator Loren B. Sessions, grow- 
ing out of the celebrated contest over the se- 
lection of United States senators to succeed 
Messrs. Roscoe Conkling and Thomas C. 
Piatt. In that contest Dr. Draper supported 
Mr. Conkling and Mr. Piatt. In 1883-84 he 
represented the nineteenth congressional dis- 
trict upon the Republican state committee. He 
was a delegate to the national convention in 
1884. and zealously supported the candidacy 
of General Arthur for renomination to the 
presidency. Immediately following the con- 
vention he was chosen chairman of the execu- 
tive committee of the Republican state com- 
mittee, and as such had the immediate charge 
of the business of the committee in the en- 
suing campaign. He accompanied Mr. Blaine 
upon his two famous journeys through the 
state of New York. Dr. Draper has always 
been activel}' identified with educational work. 
He was state superintendent of public in- 
struction from 1886 to 1892 ; superintendent 
of schools in Cleveland, Ohio, from 1892 to 
1894; president of the University of Illinois 
from 1894 to 1904; elected commissioner of 
education of the state of New York by the 
legislature in 1904, which office he continues 
to fill. He is a member of the Chicago His- 
torical Society and State Historical Societies 
of New York, Illinois and ^Visconsin. Dr. 
Draper is the author of a number of literary 
works, among which is the "Rescue of Cuba." 
He received the silver medal at the Paris ex- 
position for a monograph on "American Edu- 
cational Organization" ; a gold medal and two 
commemorative diplomas for educational writ- 
ings, and one of the two grand prizes for con- 
spicuous services to education, at the St. Louis 
exhibition. He has served as president of the 
National Association of School Superintend- 
ents and of the North Central Association of 
Colleges and Secondary Schools, and chair- 
man of the department of education in the 




^0?Z) 



r_^ 



HUDSON AND ^lOHAWK VALLEYS 



"3 



international congresses at St. Louis. He was 
appointed by President Roosevelt a member 
of the United States board of Indian commis- 
sioners in 1902, and is now (1909) chairman 
of the board. He received the honorary de- 
gree of LL. D. from Colgate University in 
1889. Columbia L'niversity in 1903, and the 
University of Illinois in 1905. 

Dr. Draper married. May 8, 1872, Abbie 
Louise Lyon, of New Britain. Connecticut. 
Children: i. Charlotte Leland, born Novem- 
ter 21. 1875. married. May 8, 1907. .Arthur 
A. Brown, of New York City, an officer in 
the Westinghouse Electric Companv ; resides 
in New York City. 2. Edwin Lyon, born Au- 
■gust 19. 1882, graduated from the University 
of Illinois with the degree of Bachelor of Arts 
and from Harvard University with degree of 
Doctor of Medicine; he resides in Albany, 
New York; he married. October 14, 1908, 
Frances Haeden, of Shelbyville. Illinois, and 
IS a surgeon, practicing in Albany. New York. 



This is an English family 
CHESTER name of antiquity and renown. 

One branch of the Chester 
family in America descends from the Chesters 
■of Blaby, but there is nothing to connect the 
founder of the Albany family with any par- 
ticular English branch. Probably the first of 
the name in this country, at least among the 
earliest of record, is Airs. Dorothy Chester, 
who appears to have been a woman of some 
distinction. She appears in the first division 
•of land at Hartford, Connecticut, in 1639. She 
had five lots granted her, and the town, Janu- 
ary 14. 1639. voted to "give Mrs. Chester two 
years' time to build upon her house lot in 
Hartford." She probably left Hartford or 
was deceased before 1649. It is not known 
whether she was a relation of Leonard Ches- 
ter, of Wethersfield, Connecticut, or of Sam- 
uel Chester, of New London. Neither does it 
■appear that Leonard and Samuel were rela- 
tives. Leonard Chester was from Leicester- 
•shire. England, in 1633, was an early proprie- 
tor of Watertown, and in 1635 was one of 
the settlers of Wethersfield. Connecticut. The 
Albany family descends from Samuel of New 
London and Groton. Connecticut. 

( I ) Captain Samuel Chester was born in 
England and came to Boston (one authority 
says) as master of his own brigantine. He 
-was an early settler of New London, Connec- 
ticut, where he received his first grant of 
land for a warehouse in 1664 in company 
with William Condy, of Boston, who was 
styled his nephew. The general assemblv of 
'Connecticut, May 12, 1664. ordered that "Mr. 
Hagborn's vessel that Ralph Parker and Sam- 



uel Chester had appraised at iioo be delivered 
at that price, etc." (Colonial Records, p. 
430.) He was made a freeman of New Lon- 
don in 1669. In 1671-72. Samuel Chester 
was one of those of New London who was 
complained of to the county court in Hart- 
ford by Matthew Griswold. Lieutenant Wil- 
liam Waller and others of Saybrook '"for at- 
tempts" by violence to drive them off their 
lands. He first appeared in New London 
in 1663 and engaged in the West India trade 
as owner, factor and commander. Their ware- 
house was on Close Cove. He was a sea cap- 
tain, and commanded the "Endeavor" for 
several trips to the West Indies as early as 
1666. He also had an interest in a vessel 
called the "New London Tryall." with Well- 
man and Parker, which Miss Caulkins says 
was the first merchant vessel owned there. 
Though he was a practical seaman, he appears 
also to have been a merchant. After 1689 a 
vessel was built for John Wheeler, a promi- 
nent maritime man at New London, for the 
European trade and sent out commanded by 
Captain Samuel Chester. Miss Caulkins fur- 
ther says (p. 353, "History of New London") 
that he was much employed in land surveys 
and was appointed in 1693 by the general 
court one of the agents to meet the commis- 
sioners from Massachusetts, to renew and set- 
tle the boundaries between the two colonies. 
He had a large landed estate, partly on the 
east side of the river, now Groton, covering 
the ground where Fort Griswold and the Gro- 
ton Monument now stand. Also large tracts 
to the north and south of Groton Point, now 
called Eastern Point, on which his sons, Abra- 
ham, John and Jonathan, settled and reared 
large "families. A deed to Captain Samuel 
Chester was signed by the Indian chief, Un- 
cas. Tune 13, 1683. for a grant of several 
thousand of acres of land in Colchester. He 
had a large tract in the north parish, bought 
of Owanoco and Josiah. !\Iohegan sachems. 
He lived upon the east side of the river, where 
he dwelt at the time of his death. Jonathan 
Chester, his son, sold in 1777 to the Connecti- 
cut state government the land where Fort 
Griswold and the Groton Alonument now 
stand. His skill as a surveyor was of great 
service to him in laying out lands in the new 
settlements, and he was esteemed a loyal, just, 
trusty and worthy man. He married (first) 

;\Iary . and (second) Hannah . 

His chiklren. whose names have been pre- 
served and recorded were: Abraham; John, 
probably died in infancy ; Susannah ; Samuel ; 
Mercv ; Hannah ; John, see forward ; Jona- 
than.' His will, dated in 1708, names only 
Abraham, John. Jonathan and Mercy Bur- 



114 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



rows. The children were baptized in New 
London. Captain Chester died about 1710. 

(11) John, son of Captain Samuel and Han- 
nah Chester, was born about 1690, baptized 
at Groton, May 29. 1692, died there June i, 
177 1. He was a large land owner and farmer, 
a thorough business man, and active in state, 
community and church affairs. He married, 
November i, 17 16. Mary (or Mercy), daugh- 
ter of Thomas Starr, an early ship-builder of 
New London. Their children were: John, 
see forward; Thomas, Benajah, James, Jo- 
seph, Simeon, Catharine and Levi. 

(HI) John (2), son of John (i) and Mary 
(Starr) Chester, was born in Groton, Connec- 
ticut, September 9, 171 7, died November 17, 

1762. He married Abigail . Children: 

John, see forward ; Simeon. 

(IV) John (3), son of John (2) and Abi- 
gail Chester, was born at Groton, Connecticut, 
August 28, 1761, died at New London, Au- 
gust 30, 1804. He served in the revolutionary 
war as a member of Captain William La- 
tham's artillery company of matrosses, sta- 
tioned at Groton, having enlisted July 6, 1780, 
and served until May i, 1781, when he was 
discharged. He married his cousin, Frances, 
born October 24, 1770, at Groton, died Au- 
gust I, 1853, at Westford, New York, young- 
est daughter of his uncle, Thomas Chester, 
son of John and Mary (Starr) Chester. Chil- 
dren : Calvin, John Eldridge, Frances Mary, 
Laurinda, Alden, see forward. 

(\') Alden, son of John (3) and Frances 
(Chester) Chester, was born at New London, 
Connecticut, May 26, 1803, died at Westford, 
Otsego county, New York, March 4, 1857. 
His father died when he was but three months 
old. His mother married (second) Deacon 
John Kelso, February 16, 181 2, and he re- 
moved witli them when a boy of nine to 
Westford, New York. He was a cabinet 
maker and a manufacturer of sashes, blinds 
and doors. He was a public-spirited man and 
a true friend of education, and was one of 
the founders of the Westford public library. 
He married (first) Mary H. Chapiiel, of 
Maryland, New York, March 12, 1834, who 
bore him a son, Dwight, born in Maryland, 
New York, March 2, 1835 : after receiving his 
education in the public and parish schools of 
Westford, he engaged in manufacturing there 
until 1862. and after that was a merchant in 
New York City four years, when he was ap- 
pointed manager for the Aetna Life Insurance 
Company for Massachusetts, and is still so en- 
gaged. He was town clerk of Westford in 
1859 and supervisor in 1861. He removed to 
Newton Center, Massachusetts, in i86fi; was 
a member of the common council of the city 



of Newton. 1876-77-78 : of the board of alder- 
men in 1879-80-81-83-84, and president of 
that body four years. He was a member of 
the house of representatives of Massachusetts 
in 1891-92-93-94. He has been for many 
years and still is president of the Newton 
Trust Company, and is treasurer and trustee 
of several charitable and religious societies. 
He married, September 7, 1862, Mary J. 
Storrs, of Worcester, New York ; children : 
Mary Edna, born April 14, 1866, died at New- 
ton Center, Massachusetts, March 4, 1904, and 
Lizzie, born March 8, 1868, died August 11, 
1868. Alden Chester married (second) Su- 
san Gregory Draper, September 5, 1838, sec- 
ond child and eldest daughter of Sylvester and 
Sukey (Bigelow) Draper, (See Draper VII). 
Children: i. Horace, born October 29, 1842; 
was for several years after his marriage sta- 
tion agent and telegraph operator at Schenevus, 
New York ; after that he was a private banker 
there for many years, and during a portion of 
that time was cashier of the Bank of Worces- 
ter, five miles distant from his home. He 
removed to Maiden, Massachusetts, 1897, and 
since that time has been engaged with his 
brother Dwight in the insurance business with 
offices in Boston. He has been a member of 
the city council of Maiden for several years. 
He married, September 8, 1867, Anastasia E. 
Hill; children: i. Carey R.. married (first) 
Alice M. Hebard, (second) Lela Parker; ii. 
Francelia ; iii. Horace Coryell, married Eliza- 
beth R. Parker ; iv. Alden Hill, died in in- 
fancy ; V. Lola Ethel. 2. Rev. Arthur, born 
February 22, 1847, died in Brooklyn. New 
York, November 12, 1889. He was educated 
for the ministry at Union Theological Semi- 
nary in New York and at the Chicago Theo- 
logical Seminary. He was pastor of Congre- 
gational churches at Onarga, Illinois. Sandus- 
ky. Ohio, and P)rooklyn, New York. He was 
the founder of the Bushwick Avenue Congre- 
gational church in lirooklyn, of which he was 
pastor at the time of his death. He was a 
man of superior education and was proficient 
in many languages. 3. Alden, see forward. 

(VI) Judge .Alden (2), youngest son of 
Alden (i) and Susan Gregory (Draper) Ches- 
ter, was born in Westford, Otsego county, 
New York, Septemlier 4, 1848. His early edu- 
cation was obtained in the district school and 
at the Westford Literary Institute, where he 
was a teacher for a time. Before attaining 
his majority he served as a clerk in a whole- 
sale commission house in New York and also 
in a country store in his native village and 
worked in the postoffice. He then took up 
telegraphy and secured a position on the old 
Albany arid Susquehanna railroad as operator 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \ALLEYS 



"5 



in cliarc;e of an office at East Worcester, 
where he remained two years. He edited a 
newspaper in Otsego county, and then served 
as a clerk for one year in the Aetna Life In- 
surance Company in Boston, where he began 
the study of law under the instruction of a 
lawyer of his acquaintance. In 1869 he en- 
tered the Columbia College Law School in 
New York City, where he was graduated LL. 
B. with the class of 1871, winning the prize in 
Political Science, this being one of only five 
prizes given to a graduating class of ninety- 
nine members. He was admitted to the bar 
at the general term in New York City in May, 
1 87 1, and began the practice of law at once 
in Albany with his cousin, Andrew S. Draper, 
now state commissioner of education, then 
just beginning the practice of law. In 1876 
Hon. William S. Paddock was a member of 
the firm of Paddock, Draper & Chester. Mr. 
Paddock retired in 1882, Mr. Draper in 18S7, 
leaving Mr. Chester, who continued the busi- 
ness alone. Mr. Chester was a Republican 
and was early honored by that party with 
political preferment. In 1874-76 he was dep- 
uty clerk of the New York assembly, and sec- 
retary for many years of the Albany county 
general committee. From 1881 to 1884 he 
was a member of the board of public instruc- 
tion in Albany, serving the last year as its 
president. He was instrumental in having the 
high school library thrown open to the public. 
In 1882 he was appointed assistant United 
States district attorney for the Northern Dis- 
trict of New York under the Hon. Martin I. 
Townsend, and in this capacity tried many 
important cases for the government in dif- 
ferent parts of the state : he held that office 
until 1885, when he resigned to attend to his 
private law business, his partner, Mr. Draper, 
having been appointed judge of the court of 
Alabama claims. He was assistant corpora- 
tion counsel of the city of Albany, 1894-96. 
In the latter year Governor Morton appointed 
him a member of the commission to prepare 
a uniform charter for cities of the second class 
and in November, 1895, ^^ resigned from the 
commission on being elected a justice of the 
supreme court of New York state, in the 
third judicial district, and was the first Re- 
publican elected to that office in that dis- 
trict in over thirty years : in 1909 he received 
the unanimous nomination of both parties for 
reelection, and is now serving his second term. 
In November, 1902. he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Odell to the appellate division of the 
supreme court, in the third judicial department 
of the state, and since that time has been serv- 
ing as a member of the court, having been re- 
appointed by Governor Hughes. On January 



I, 1910, he retired from service in the appel- 
late division, and is now serving at the trial 
and special terms of the supreme court. 

In 1885, when he returned to his legal prac- 
tice, he devoted his attention to a general law 
business, numbering among his clients many 
life and fire insurance comjjanies. In 1S83, he 
completed and annotated the insurance laws 
of the state for the state insurance department, 
and is now (1909) engaged as editor of the 
legal and jutlicial history of the state. He is 
president of the board of trustees of the Al- 
bany Academy for Girls ; president of Grace- 
land Cemetery ; vice-president of the Albany 
Medical College and of the Albany Exchange 
Savings Bank ; special lecturer on the Federal 
Judicial System in Albany Law School ; gov- 
ernor of Union University, and is a member 
of the American Society of International Law 
and of the National Geographic Society. 

Judge Chester married, October 5, 1871, 
Lina, daughter of Ezra R. Thurber, of East 
Worcester, New York. They have a daugh- 
ter. Amy, born July 19, 1877, wife of Charles 
Van Merrick, an architect of Albany, New 
York : they have a son, Alden Chester Mer- 
rick, born October 14, 1906. 

Through his maternal line Judge Chester 
descends from James Draper, fourth son of 
Thomas Draper, of Heptonstall, Yorkshire, 
England. (See Draper, on preceding pages.) 

Susan Gregory, eldest daughter and second 
child of Sylvester fq. v.), and Sukey ( Bige- 
low) Draper, was born May 22, 181 1, at Wor- 
cester, New York, died at Westford, New 
York, ]\Iay 30. 1892. She became the second 
wife of Alden Chester, to whom she was mar- 
ried September 5, 1838. (See Chester V). 
Children : Horace, Arthur and Alden Ches- 
ter. 

(The Brcwslcr Line). 

The "Pilgrim" ancestry of Judge Alden 
Chester begins with Elder William Brewster, 
"chief of the Pilgrims and one of the May- 
flower's passengers." William Brewster, son 
of William, was born during the last half of 
1566 or the first half of 1567. The date is de- ' 
termined by an affidavit made at Leyden, June 
25, 1609, in which he, his wife Mary, and son 
Jonathan, declare their ages to be respectively 
fortv-two, forty and sixteen years. The place 
of his birth is not known, but is supposed to 
have been Scrooby, in Nottinghamshire, Eng- 
land. His father, W'illiam Brewster, was ap- 
pointed by Archbishop Sandys in January, 
1575-76, receiver of Scrooby, and bailifi' of 
the Manor House in that place belonging to 
the Archbishop, to have life tenure of both 
offices. The parish registers of Scrotiby do 
not begin until 1695, and no record of his 



ii6 



HL'DSON AND MOHAW^K VALLEYS 



birtli. baptism or marriage was discovered by 
William Paver, a distinguished local antiquary, 
who held a commission for nearly a quarter 
of a century to report all items that he found, 
relating to the Pilgrims. His father was 
"Post" at Scrooby, and it is said his grand- 
father held the same office. Elder Brewster 
was a student at "Peterhouse" (the oldest of 
the fourteen colleges then forming the Uni- 
versity of Cambridge), but it does not appear 
that he ever took his degree. In Scrooby he 
lived "in good' esteeme amongst his friends 
and ye gentlemen of those parts, espetialy the 
godly & religious doing much good in promot- 
ing and furthering Religion." His residence 
in Scrooby was the old Manor House, and 
there the members of the Pilgrim church were 
accustomed to meet on the Lord's Day, where 
he "with great love entertained them when 
they came, making provision for them to his 
great charge." The Pilgrims attempting to 
remove to Holland in 1607, were imprisoned 
at Boston, England, through the treachery of 
the master of the ship that was to transport 
them. Elder Brewster was said by Bradford 
to have been the "cheefe of those that were 
taken at Boston and suffered ye greatest loss ; 
and of ye seven that were kept longst in prison 
and after bound over to ye assises." We also 
learn that "after he reached Holland he suf- 
fered many hardships and spent most of his 
means in providing for his many children." 
During the latter part of the twelve years 
spent in Holland, he increased his income 
very much by teaching and by the profits from 
a printing press which he. by the help of some 
friends, set up at Leyden. When the church 
at Levden resolved to emigrate to Virginia, 
Elder Brewster was "desired" by those chosen 
to go first "to goe with them," while John 
Robinson, the pastor, stayed with the majority 
who should follow later. Thus it was that he, 
his wife Mary and two young sons were 
among the passengers of the now-famous ves- 
sel "Mayflower," which drop])ed anchor in 
Plymouth harbor, December 16, 1620. That 
he drafted the Mayflower "Compact" of No- 
vember 21, 1620, seems almost certain. That 
he was the moral, religious and spiritual lead- 
er of the colony during its first years of peril 
and struggle, and its chief civil adviser and 
spiritual guide until the time of his death 
seems quite certain. He was in every respect 
the co-equal and colleague of Pastor John 
Robinson in all the measures for preparing 
the voyage to .America, and shares with Car- 
ver and Cushman the honor of procuring the 
requisite London assistance. He did not 
shrink from even the hardest manual labor, 
and Pjradford savs, "Yet when the church had 



no other minister, he taught twise every Sa- 
both and yt both powerfully and profitably to 
ye great contentment of ye hearers, and their 
comfortable edification." 

The different historians thus comment on 
the good elder's military service: 

"Elder Brewster was in no way unwilling 
to take his part and bear his burden with the 
rest." "He partook with them of labor, hun- 
ger and watching, his Bible and arms being 
equally familiar to him : and he was always 
ready for any duty or suffering to which he 
was called." "He was able to use his armor 
as well as his Bible." "After one-half of the 
colonists died in the 'first sickness,' Captain 
Standish had under him 20 men. In the first 
rank are Governor Bradford and Elder Brew- 
ster. The good elder fights as he prays, and 
though he would far rather convert an enemy 
than hurt him, he would not dream of allowing 
him the first fire." "If Elder Brewster prayed 
for protection against his enemies, he took 
good care that his gun was ready and his 
sword sharp, so that he could do his part to- 
ward securing the blessing asked." 

Elder Brewster's two swords, his pistol, 
dagger and armor, are mentioned in the in- 
ventory taken after his death. One of his 
swords was presented to the Massachusetts 
Historical Society in 1798. His wife Mary, 
whose maiden name has not yet been discov- 
ered, "dyed at Plymouth in New England the 
17th of Aprill 1627" (Brewster Book). El- 
der Brewster survived her many years, and 
"dyed at Plymouth in New England the loth 
of Aprill 1644" (Brewster Book). .August 
20. 1645. a final division of the elder's estate 
was made between "Jonathan and Love his 
onely children remayncing." Children of El- 
der William and AJary Brewster: i. Jona- 
than, see forward. 2. Patience, married 
Thomas Prence. 3. Fear, married Isaac Al- 
lerton. 4. A child who died and was buried 
at Leyden. 5. Love, a "Mayflower" passen- 
ger, married Sarah Collier, and was of Dux- 
bury. 5. Wrestling, came in the "Mayflower" 
witii his parents and brother Ixive. He was 
living Mav 22, 1627, but died before the set- 
tlemen of his father's estate. He was unmar- 
ried. 

(II) Jonathan, "eldest son" of Elder Wil- 
liam and Mary P.rewster, was born in Scroo- 
by, England, .August 12, 1593. died in Connec- 
ticut, .August 7. 1659, and was buried in the 
Brewster cemetery at Brewster's Neck, Pres- 
ton, Connecticut. He came to .America a year 
later than his distinguished father, landing 
in 1 62 1, one of the passengers of the ship 
"Fortune." He was deputy of the general 
court, Plymouth Colony, in 1639-41-42-43-44, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



117 



from Duxbury, Massachusetts. In 1649 lie 
removed to New London, Connecticut, where 
he was admitted an inhabitant, February 25, 
1649-50. His farm lay partly in the town of 
New London and partly in the later estab- 
lished town of Norwich. He was deputy to 
the Connecticut general court in 165055-56- 
57-58. During his residence in Duxbury he 
was one of the principal men in the forma- 
tion of the settlement and in the establishment 
of its church. He sometimes practiced before 
the court and as attorney, and is also styled 
"gentleman." He was military commissioner 
in 1637, and during the Pequot war a member 
of the Duxbury committee to raise forces in 
the "Narragansett Alarm" of 1642, and a 
member of Captain Myles Standish's Dux- 
bury company in the military enrollment of 
1643. He held title to a large tract of land 
in Connecticut, deeded to him by the great 
Indian Sachem L^ncas. In a letter written 
to Sarah, widow of his brother. Love Brew- 
ster, dated September i, 1656, he says that he 
and his whole family "resolved for Old Eng- 
land" the following year. It is possible that 
two of his sons, William and Jonathan, did 
settle in England, but the remainder of the 
family remained in Connecticut. He is buried 
in the Brewster cemetery, where in 1855 his 
descendants erected a plain granite shaft to 
his memory and that of his wife, who is re- 
membered in imperishable granite as "A noble 
specimen of an Enlightened heroic Christian 
gentlewoman." She was Lucretia Oldham, of 
Darby, and was married to Jonathan Brewster 
"Aprill loth 1624." She died March 4, 1678- 
79. Children: i. William (2), served seven- 
teen days in the Narragansett expedition, and 
there is no subsequent notice of him ; he prob- 
ably settled in England. 2. Mary, married 
"John Turner of Scituate the Elder." 3. Jon- 
athan, probably settled in England, as there is 
no mention of him after 1650. 4. Ruth, mar- 
ried (first) John Pickett, who "dyed at sea 
returning from Rarbadoes" ; married (second) 
Charles Hill, recorder of New London, and 
clerk of the county court. 5. Benjamin, mar- 
ried Ann Darte ; he was a man of prominence, 
served nine terms as deputy ; was lieutenant 
of the New London troop in 1673 '•nd captain 
of the military company of Norwich in 1693. 
6. Elizabeth, married (first) Peter Bradley, of 
New London; (second) Christopher Christo- 
phers, mariner. 7. Grace, married Captain 
Daniel, son of Rev. Daniel and Mary (Fisher) 
Wetherell, of Scituate, Massachusetts. From 
1680 to 1 7 10 he was more prominent in pub- 
lic affairs than any other inhabitant in the 
town. He was town clerk, moderator, justice, 
judge of the county court and judge of pro- 



bate. No man in the county .stood higher in 
point of talent and integrity. 8. Hannah, see 
forward. 

(Ill) Hannah, youngest child of Jonathan 
and Lucretia (Oldham) Brewster, was born 
at Duxbury, Massachusetts, November 3, 1641. 
"She was in full communion with the First 
Church New London Nov. 25 1691." She 
married, December 23, 1664, Samuel Starr, 
one of the early settlers of New London, and 
a prominent man in the town holding the hon- 
orable office of county marshal (sheriff) from 
1674 to his death. No will, inventory or rec- 
ord of the settlement of his estate has been 
found, but a deed executed by his widow 
Hannah was executed February 2, 1687-88, 
and it is probable that his death had then but 
recently occurred. Children: i. Samuel Starr 
(2), born December 11, 1665, was living in 
1687. 2. Thomas, see forward. 3. Comfort 
Starr, born August 7, 1671 ; no further record 
is found ; she probably died young. 4. Jona- 
than, born February 23, 1673, died at Gro- 
ton, August 26, 1747. He was a land trader. 
He was elected constable at the first town 
meeting in Groton, 1705, deputy to the gen- 
eral court 17 12- 14, and member of the gover- 
nor's council, 1711-14. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Captain James and Mary (Vine) 
Morgan, of Groton, who survived him and 
married (second) Deacon Thomas Adgate, of 
Norwich. There were ten children of the first 
marriage. 

(I\') Thomas, second child of Samuel and 
Hannah (Brewster) Starr, was born Septem- 
ber 27, 1668, died at Groton, Connecticut, Jan- 
uary 31, 1711-12. He was one of the "paten- 
tees of New London, Connecticut. October 
14, 1704, but soon after settled in Groton on 
his large farm bordering on the river." He 
was a shipwright and built the sloop "Sea 
Flower." He married, January i, 1693-94, 
Mary, daughter of Captain James and Mary 
(Mne) Morgan, born March 20, 1670, died 
September 14, 1765. She survied him as she 
did her second husband, William Peabody. She 
was a sister of Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan 
Starr. 

(V) Mary, daughter of Thomas and Mary 
(Morgan) Starr, was born June 29, 1696, at 
Groton, Connecticut, where she died April 15, 
1774. She married, November i, 1716, John, 
son of Samuel Chester. (See Chester 11). 



The family name of Wells, or 
WELLS Welles, is derived from the Nor- 
man-French "val," a vale or val- 
ley, and its plural, "vals," is from the Latin 
"vallis." It first occurs with the prefix "de" 
in the ablative plural, "de vallibus," meaning 



HUDSON AND ]\IOHAWK VALLEYS 



"from the valleys," subsequently as de Welles, 
and finafly as Welles or \\'ells. When mem- 
bers of the family first came to America the 
form Welles almost prevailed ; but the most 
common form at the present time is Wells. 
The Wells Arms — Shield : Or, a lion, rampant, 
double-queued, sable, armed and langued 
gules. Crest : a demi-lion, double-queued, of 
the shield. Motto: Semper paratus. (Al- 
ways ready.) 

The origin of the Wells family is in the 
House of Vaux, of the ancient province of 
Neustria. In the year 911, Charles III. of 
France ceded to Rollo, the Norwegian viking, 
who at the head of a band of Scandinavian 
pirates had captured Rouen on the Seine, the 
larger part of this province, which was there- 
after called Normandy. As early as the year 
794, the House of \'aux occupied a prominent 
position and had intermarried with many of 
Europe's reigning families. 

The earliest record found of the English 
branch of the House of Vaux, in which the 
Wells family had its origin, is that of Harold 
de Vaux, Lord of Vaux in Normandy, who 
having conferred his seignory upon the Abby 
of the Holy Trinity, founded at Caen in the 
department of Calvados, France, by Queen 
Matilda, came into England about the year 
1 120, with his sons, Hubert, Ranulf and Rob- 
ert, and settled in Cumberland county in the 
lake and valley region of northwestern Eng- 
land. The sons thereupon took the name of 
de Vallibus, signifying "From the Valleys," 
indicative of their dwelling in that region. 

Robert de \'allibus, a lineal descendant of 
Hubert de \allibus, the eldest son of Harold 
de \'aux, is designated in the English records 
of 1 145 as Robert de Welles, and his descend- 
ants bore this name as Lords de Welles of 
Rayne Hall, Essex county, England. About the 
year 1 194. Adam, a grandson of Robert hold- 
ing the Manor of Welles, near Alford, Lin- 
colnshire, is on record as Adam de Welles. 
He died without issue, and was succeeded in 
his manor by his brother, William, and he by 
his son William and grandson Adam. The 
latter, Adam de Welles, was summoned to 
parliament, February 6, 1299, as first Baron 
Welles. He was constable of Rockingham 
Castle and warden of the forest. King Ed- 
ward I. of England granted to him, in 1299, a 
coat-of-armor. His successors in the barony 
are as follows : 2nd, Robert, son of Adam, 
1311; 3rd, Adam, brother of Robert, 1320; 
4th, John, son of Adam II., 1345; 5th, John, 
son of John and a distinguished soldier in 
France and Scotland, 1361 ; 6th, Leo, grand- 
.son of John II., killed in 1461, at Towton 
Field; "th, Richard, son of Leo, 1469; 8th, 



Robert, son of Richard, who died without is- 
sue : 9th, Richard Hastings, brother-in-law 
of Robert, 1483. 

It is an easier matter to trace a line in the 
British nobility, descending as it does through 
the eldest son or those succeeding to the title, 
than to perfect a genealogy of one of the 
younger sons who does not achieve in that 
manner an entry upon the records. The 
younger sons intermarried with and became a 
part of the middle class, and the outcome was 
God-fearing, liberty-loving people, from whom 
many of the Puritans and early emigrants to 
America descended. The Wells family is one 
of the oldest in England, dating back for 
eight hundred years and from difTerent off- 
shoots of this old English family all the vari- 
ous branches of the Wells family in America 
are descended. 

(I) \\'iniam \\'ells, the progenitor in Amer- 
ica of the branch of the family noted in this 
sketch, according to a family tradition, was 
born in 1755, in or near Londonderry, Eng- 
land, which is a small market town, formerly 
called Newton, in the parish of Burneston, in 
the North Riding of Yorkshire. Diligent 
search of the records there, however, at the 
instance of the family's chronicler, has failed 
to show the connection between the families 
living there at this time and those in this 
country, nor does this circumstance prove the 
tradition untrue. Another tradition, coming 
very direct, has it that William Wells came 
to America when a young man, accompanying 
some English troops previous to the revolution, 
but when hostilities broke out he was found 
fighting for the cause of liberty. 

The Pension Bureau records show that he 
enlisted from Chesterfield, Massachusetts, for 
a term of five years, as a private in a com- 
pany commanded by Captain William Watson, 
in Colonel Bonney's regiment, and that he 
served about three years during the first en- 
listment. He participated in the battles of 
Bunker Hill, White Plains, Bennington, Fort 
Miller, at Saratoga, when General Burgoyne 
surrendered, and was wounded in the head at 
the battle of White Plains, supposed mortally ; 
but recovered by having his head trepanned. 
He was made lieutenant, to take the place of 
his superior killed in the battle of Bemis 
Heights in 1777, and continued as such until 
his return home in 1778. He served in 1780 
for five months and thirteen days in Lieuten- 
ant Benjamin Pike's company, with the troops 
sent from Massachusetts to reinforce the con- 
tinental army under General Washington ; 
also enlisted, August 10, 1781, in Captain 
Ebenezer Strong's company. Colonel Barna- 
bas Sears' Hampshire county regiment ; 



HUDSON AND iMOHAWK WVLLEYS 



119 



marched to Albany, August 17, 178 1 ; served 
at Saratoga and in defense of the northern 
frontier, and received an honorable discharge 
November 20, 178 1. 

Not long after the close of the revolution, 
he and his family removed to Pownal, \'er- 
mont, settling in the southern part of the 
town, near the Massachusetts line, which 
property, owned in 19 10 by Marcus A. Dunn, 
was known as the Wells Farm. Record of 
deeds filed at Pownal, show that William 
Wells, yeoman, purchased fifty acres March 
9, 1797, from Enos Briggs, yeoman, paying 
$133.33, and he sold the same property, Au- 
gust 27, 1798, for $300, to James Hall, of 
Pownal, and on the latter paper he signed 
himself "William Welles." He removed with 
his family in 1798 to Hampton, Washington 
county. New York, where he cleared land 
and built a log house in what was at that time 
a sparsely settled section of the country. In 
the war of 1812, when the county was threat- 
ened by invasion by the British, by way of 
Lake Champlain, although aged three-score 
years, he shouldered his musket and enlisted 
September 2, 1814, in Essex county. New 
York. Captain Augustus Cleaveland's com- 
pany in the Ninth Regiment, New York mil- 
itia, and when discharged. September 9, 18 14, 
was sixty-five miles from his home. He died 
in Hampton, New York, February 5, 1825. 
and was buried there. 

William Wells married Eleanor Hickey, un- 
doubtedly in the year 1778, for the records of 
Chesterfield, Hampshire county. Massachu- 
setts, under date of November 9. 1778, show 
their intention of marriage. Both were then 
residents of that town. She was of Scotch- 
Irish descent, and was born about 1760 in the 
north of Ireland, and is said to have come to 
America when about fifteen years old. After 
her husband's death, she removed from Hamp- 
ton, New York, to Pownal, \'ermont, to re- 
side with her oldest daughter, Betsey, who 
had married Zadock Pratt of that place in 
1798 and she died there. April 3, 1838. as is 
shown upon her tombstone in the old Lovat 
burial-ground at Pownal. Children: i. Ste- 
phen, born in Massachusetts, about 1780. 2. 
Betsey, born in Massachusetts, in 1782; died. 
Pownal. \"ermont. June 5 1845 ; married. Pow- 
nal, 1798. Zadock Pratt: tw^elve children. 3. 
William, born in Pownal. \'ermont. Septem- 
ber 18. 1784; see forward. 4. Calvin, born, 
Pownal, \'ermont, 1785, died. Painesville. 
Ohio, November 9. 187 1 ; married. May 7. 
1814, Betsey E. Parks : seven children. 5. 
Polly, born, Pownal, \'ermont, March 11, 
1787: died. Lansingburg. New York, Septem- 
ber 3, 1837: married. North Granville, New 



York, December 24, 1809, Reuben Doty; nine 
1819. 7. George, born Pownal, \'ermont, 
1788, died Hampton, New York, October 12, 
1819. 7. George, born, Pownal Vermont, 
May II, 1793, died, Whitehall, New York, 
May 17, 1859: married, Hampton, New York, 
1816. Hester Doolittle ; eleven children. 8. 
Joseph, born, Pownal, 1795. drowned in canal 
near Syracuse, New York, April 11, 1817. 
9. Nancy Ann, born Pownal, September 28, 
1797, died, Mexico, New York, January 28, 
1876; married, Hampton, New York, about 
1815, John M. Eddy; four children. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) and 
Eleanor (Hickey) Wells, was born in Pownal, 
\'ermont, September 18. 1784. He removed 
with his father's family in 1798 to Hampton, 
New York, and there helped clear up a tract 
of farm land and erect thereon a log house, on 
what in 19 10 was known as the [Melvin farm 
in Hampton Hollow. He was a soldier in 
the war of 1812, enlisting at Granville, Wash- 
ington county. New York, in Captain Martin 
Lee's company of riflemen, Colonel Pliny Ad- 
ams' One Hundred and Fifty-fourth regiment. 
New York militia, his service commencing on 
September 11, 1814. The soldiers in his com- 
pany were discharged, and he returned seven- 
ty-five miles to his home, directly after the 
battle of Plattsburgh. In 1837 he removed to 
a farm in the eastern part of Whitehall. New 
York, on the road from the Alethodist Episco- 
pal brick church to Poultney, \'ermont, and 
subsequently purchasing the farm adjoining on 
the west, removed to it and died there. Janu- 
ary 26, 1873. He married, at Hampton. New 
York. November 7, 1806. Lucinda Streator, 
born in Becket, Berkshire county, Massachu- 
setts, June 21. 1789. daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Kibbee) Streator. John Streator 
was born in Woodstock, Connecticut. Novem- 
ber 19, 1761 ; married, March 16. 1784; died, 
Hampton. New York, July 10, 1813. His 
wife was born in Monson, Massachusetts, July 
27. 1763; died Windham, Portage county, 
Ohio, January 5. 1867. Children, born in 
Hampton, New York: i. Lucina, June 19, 
1808, died May 31, 1871 ; married, December 
ID. 1829. Edward R. Norton; six children. 
2. Eleanor, February 9. 1812. died, Wethers- 
field, New York, December 6, 1859: married, 
Granville, New York. Benjamin Rice : five 
children. 3. William Chauncey, October 18, 
1 8 16, died, Broadalbin. Fulton county, New 
York, November 26, 1889; married, in 1848, 
Mary A. Potter ; four children. 4. Betsey, 
September 27, 1821, died in Lemont, Illinois, 
May 5. 1868; married. Rutland, N'ermont, 
April 10, 1848, Reuben Smith : two children. 
5. Electa. June 11. 1823, died. AVhilchall, New 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



York, June 6, 1866; married Smith Benjamin, 
of Dresden, Washington county. New York ; 
two children. 6. Luther, September 25, 1825, 
died Wethersfield, Wyoming county. New 
York, July 2, 1847. 7. Marcia Ann, August 
12, 1827, died, Danby, \'ermont. December 13, 
1866; married, Danljy. March 2j . 1857, Ebe- 
nezer A. Smith ; no children. 8. Julia, July 
24, 1829 ; living in Clarendon, \'ermont, in 
1910; married. Danby, \'ermont, March 27, 
1857, Daniel P. Eddy; six children. 9. Les- 
ter, November 7, 183 1 ; see forward. 

(HI) Lester, son of William (2) and Lu- 
cinda (Streator) Wells, was born in Hamp- 
ton, New York, November 7, 1831. He lived 
for several years in Fair Haven, Vermont, and 
later in Hydeville, ^'ermont, where he was en- 
gaged in the marble business, and removed in 
1867 to the Wells homestead, located in the 
eastern part of Whitehall, New York, where 
he resided until 1907, when he and his family 
removed to the adjoining town of Hampton, 
and they were living there in 1910. He is a 
retired farmer. He married, at Fair Haven, 
\'ermont, December 15, 1859, Fanny B. 
Welch, born February 14, 1839, daughter of 
John M. and Julia (Hawes) Welch. Chil- 
dren: I. Ida Lucinda, born Fair Haven, Ver- 
mont, May 31, 1861 ; married, Whitehall, New 
York, September 19, 1883, Francis N. Hall, 
born Whitehall. August 31, 1861, son of John 
A. and Ellen ( Martin ) Hall : children : i. Eunice 
Velma, born Whitehall, February 22, 1892; 
ii. Gordon Lester, born Whitehall, October 18, 
1895 ; iii. Harold Francis, born Whitehall, 
July 26, 1899. 2. Willis Emmet, born. Fair 
Haven, Vermont, March 22, 1863; married. 
Fair Haven, July 12, 1892, Eunice J., born in 
West Haven, Vermont. September 18, 1868, 
daughter of John and Eunice L. (Needham) 
Moore; children: i. Willis Whittier, born 
Whitehall, July 30, 1894: ii. Gertrude Eunice, 
born at Keene, New Hampshire. April 3, 1899. 
3. Wallace Herbert, born in Hydeville, town 
of Castleton, Vermont, August 25, 1865 ; mar- 
ried (first), Whitehall, New York, January 4, 
1888, Cora, born in Whitehall, July 17, 1865, 
died there, September 4, 1897, daughter of 
William J. and Lucinda (Parks) White ; child : 
Grace Anna Wells, born Rutland, Vermont, 
July 13, 1890. Wallace Herbert Wells mar- 
ried (second) Mrs. Bertie L. Ewing, and they 
were living in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 
1910. 4. Cora Addie, born in Whitehall, New 
York, May 15, 1867: married, in Whitehall, 
February 12, 1889, Charles J. Inman, born in 
Hampton, New York, June 3, 1869, son of 
Charles J. and Jane B. (Mallary) Inman, and 
in 1910 he was manager of the Standard Oil 
Company, Springfield, Massachusetts ; child : 



Ida Hilma Inman, born in Hampton. New 
York, March 19. 1891, student at Alt. Holyoke 
college in 19 10. 5. Rollin Albert, born in 
Whitehall, New York, April 20, 1869 ; mar- 
ried, in Poultney, Vermont, 1888, Alena S.,. 
daughter of Wallace and Mary (Spaulding) 
Herrick ; children : i. Frances E., born in 
Keene. New Hampshire, December 3, 1888, 
died, Fairhaven, Massachusetts, July 22, 1905 ; 
ii. Marion, born in Fairhaven, Massachusetts, 
October 20, 1892. 6. Frederick Howard, born 
in Whitehall, New York, September 28, 1870; 
see forward. 7. Effie \'iola, born in White- 
hall, New York, March 29, 1872, died there, 
December 4, 1899. 8. Lester, born in White- 
hall, New York, November 27, 1877, died^ 
Joplin, Missouri, October 16. 1900. 

(IV) Frederick Howard, son of Lester and 
Fanny B. (Welch) Wells, was born in White- 
hall. New York, September 28, 1870. He was 
educated in the public schools of his native 
place, and later entered the Albanv Business 
College, from which he graduated in 1891. 
In 1889-90 he was a teacher in the public 
schools of Whitehall. He entered the office 
of D. McDonald & Company, gas meter manu- 
facturers, Albany, New York, in 1891, as 
bookkeeper and cashier, and occupied the po- 
sition of office manager there in 1910. He 
was a member of the board of directors of 
the Albany Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion from 1904 to 1909, and recording secre- 
tary in 1908-09. He is a member of the Al- 
bany Club ; of the .Albany Chamber of Com- 
merce; the Philip Livingston Chapter, Sons of 
the Revolution, curator of the Chapter in 
1908 ; the Society of Colonial W^ars ; Society 
of the War of 1812 ; member of Wadsworth 
Lodge, No. 417, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and of the official board of Trinity Methodist 
Episcopal church. He is the author of his 
family genealogy, entitled "William Wells and 
His Descendants, 1755- 1909," ])ublished in .Al- 
bany, New York, in 1909. He married, in .-M- 
bany, New York, June 21, 1899, Elizabeth, 
born in Albany, September 24, 1873, daughter 
of William Henry and .Annie (Beatty) Mc- 
Burney. Children, born in .Albany, New 
York: Ruth Edna Wells, July 9, 1900: How- 
ard Lester Wells, .August 6, 1902 : William 
Henry ^^'ells. June 17, 1906. 

(The McBurncy Line). 

The ancestry of Mrs. Frederick Howard 
Wells, ncc Elizabeth McBurney, extends 
through a direct line leading to the McBur- 
neys of Scotland, "Covenanters," who left that 
country for the north of Ireland at the time of 
the persecution previous to the revolution of 
1688. She was the daughter of William 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



Henry and Annie (Beatty) McBumey, who 
were married, Albany. July 24, 1872, by Rev. 
Samuel F. Morrow, D. D. They also had 
another child, Ruth Craig' McBurney, born 
in Albany, New York, January 25, 1876; grad- 
uate of the New York State Normal College 
in 1897, instructor in public schools of Sche- 
nectady. New York, in 1910. William Henry 
McBurney was born in Albany, September 27, 
1845. conducting the business of a grocer and 
commission merchant in 1910, and was resid- 
ing at No. 455 W^ashington avenue, Albany. 
His wife died, Albany, January 10, 1880, and 
he married. Albany, November 10, 1897, Mrs. 
Louisa Beeney Meeker. He was the son of 
James McBurney, who married, Albany, Au- 
gust II, 1836, Elizabeth Hutchinson, born 
1810, died, Albany, May 7, 1895. 

James ^TcBurney was born in 1803, died, 
Albany, New York, ^larch 11. 1847, son of 
Alexander an'd Eleanor (McElroy) McBur- 
ney. who came from the north of Ireland with 
their family and settled in Delaware county, 
New York, about 1807. 

Alexander McBurney. father of James Mc- 
Burney, was born in 1759, died in Kortright, 
Delaware county. New York. February 18, 
1823. His wife, Eleanor McElroy, was born 
in 1769, and died at the same place, June 29, 
1839. 

Annie Beatty, mother of Mrs. Frederick 
Howard Wells, was born in Hindoostan, In- 
dia, July 24, 1844, died in Albany, New York, 
January 10. 1880. 



The Wells family of Johnstown 
\\'ELLS descend from Hugh Wells, of 

Connecticut. The name is an old 
and honored one in England, where it dates 
from 1 120 in Cumberland and Norfolk. 
Adam Welles was summoned to parliament 
February 6, 1299, as first Baron Welles. He 
was constable of Rockingham Castle and war- 
den of the forest. There are only four Eng- 
lish peerages older than this now in existence. 
In New England the family is an earlv and 
prominent one. In the early history of Johns- 
town and Fulton county the family appear as 
first settlers, manufacturers, business and pro- 
fessional men. and has been closely identified 
with the development and progress of that lo- 
cality. 

( I ) Hugh \\'ells, bom in Essex county, 
England, 1590, died in Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, about 1645. He came to America in 1635, 
probably in the ship "Globe." He was of 
Hartford, 1636, and appears in Wethersfield 
records 1645. where he is supposed to have 
died about the same time. He married, in 
England, Frances , who survives him, 



and married (second) Thomas Coleman, of 
Hartford, Connecticut. She died in 1678. 
Children : Thomas, see forward ; Ensign 
Hugh, born about 1625, married Mary 
Roscoe ; Mary, married Jonathan Gilbert, of 
Hartford. Connecticut, an innkeeper, who- 
died in 1682, and she continued the inn until 
her death, July 3. 1700 : John, born about 1628, 
was of Stratford and Hadley, Massachusetts. 

(II) Thomas, son of Hugh and Frances 
Wells, was born in Colchester, England, about 
1620, died between September 30 and Decem- 
ber 14, 1676. He was one of the first "en- 
gagers" or settlers of Hadley, Massachusetts, 
where he went from \Vethersfield in 1659,. 
after having been a house and land owner 
there nine years. He was a surveyor and 
farmer. He owned lands in Connecticut and 
also property in England. He married, May, 
1651. Alary, daughter of William Beardsley, 
of Hartford. She survived him. and married 
(second) Samuel Thomas. Children of Thom- 
as and Mary Wells, Lieutenant Thomas, born 
January 10, 1652; Mary. Sarah, John, Jona- 
than, John, Samuel (see forward), Mary, 
Noah, Hannah. Ebenezer. Daniel, Ephraim 
and Joshua, born April. 1673. 

(III) Samuel, seventh child of Thomas and 
Mary (Beardsley) Wells, was born at Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, 1622, died August 9. 1690. 
He married Sarah, daughter of Nathaniel 
Clark of Northampton, December 11, 1682. 
Child : Samuel, of whom further. Sarah 
Clark was a granddaughter of Lieutenant 
William Clark, born in Dorsetshire, England. 
1609, settled in Dorchester, Massachusetts, be- 
fore 1640. In 1659 he was of Northampton, 
where in 1661 he organized the train band of 
sixty men and commanded them in King Phil- 
ip's and other Indian wars. He was an incor- 
porator of Northampton, and for twenty years 
selectman and judge of county court. He 

married (first) in England, Sarah ; 

(second) Sarah Cooper, 1676. He died July 
18, 1690. His son, Nathaniel Clark, was bap- 
tized in Dorchester, "11 month 1640." He 
married. May 8. 1663, Mary Meakins. Sarah, 
daughter of Nathaniel and Mary Meakins 
Clark, married Samuel Wells (i). 

(IV) Samuel (2), only child of Samuel and 
Sarah (Clark) Wells, was born in Hartford, 
Connecticut, July 7, 1688. He settled in the 
town of Farmington. just over the line. He 
married. May 26. 1709, Rachel Caldwell, great- 
granddaughter of Deacon Edward Stebbins, 
an original proprietor of Hartford, and dep- 
uty to the general court several sessions, from 
1639 to 1656. He had a home lot in Hart- 
ford, extending from the meeting house 
square to Front street. He married and had_ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK A'ALLEYS 



a daughter Elizabeth. Thomas Caldwell mar- 
ried, in 1658, Elizabeth Stebbins, widow of 
Robert Wilson. Edward Caldwell, son of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Stebbins) Caldwell, 
was born November i, 1660. and married 

Elizabeth . Their daughter, Rachel 

■Caldwell, married Samuel Wells (2). 

(\") John, son of Samuel (2) and Rachel 
(Caldwell) Wells, was born in Farmington, 
Connecticut, October 8, 17 10, died January 28, 
1795. He settled in West Hartford, where he 
was a member of the church. He married 
(first) Jemima Smith, June 13, 1731 ; (sec- 
ond) Sarah Saylord, December 23, 1735; 
(third) Hannah Baker, July 20, 1738. He 
had fifteen children by his three wives. Han- 
nah Baker, third wife of John Wells, was a 
great-granddaughter of John Baysey, an ori- 
ginal proprietor of Hartford, died August, 
1671, and his wife, Elizabeth, who died 1673. 
Lydia Baysey, died May 16, 1700, daughter 
of John and Elizabeth Baysey. She married 
John Baker. Baysey Baker died September 
4, 1723, son of John and Lydia (Baysey) 
Baker, married, April i, 1696, Hannah Wil- 
let, daughter of Nathaniel. Hannah Baker, 
daughter of Baysey and Hannah (Willet) 
Baker, married John Wells ( i ) , and was his 
third wife. 

(VI) John (2), son of John (i) and Han- 
nah (Baker) Wells, was born August 23, 
1739, at West Hartford, Connecticut, where 
he belonged to the Ecclesiastical Society. 
About 1784 he removed to Johnstown, New 
York, where he resided until his death. He 
married Mrs. Lois Foote, daughter of Samuel 
and Lois (Loomis) Foote, and widow of 
Eleazer Alerrill, of Farmington, Connecticut, 
(see Foote). Children: i. Lindy, died at 
age of three years. 2. Rhoda, married J(ihn 
Herring, of Auburn. New York. 3. John, 
died in infancy. 4. John, married and died at 
Kaskaskia, Illinois. 5. Lindy (2), married 
Rood. 6. Lucy, twin of Lindy, mar- 
ried Charles Easton, of Utica and New York 
City. 7. Eleazer, see forward. 8. Clarissa, 
married M. Mason of Kingsboro, New York. 
■9. Nathan Perkins, born 1786, in Johnstown; 
was many years cashier of the Johnstown 
bank. 

(VH) Eleazer, .son of John (2) and Lois 
(Foote) Wells, was baptized in West Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, 1782, by Rev. Dr. Nathan 
Perkins, pastor of the church to which his par- 
ents belonged, and who baptized all his broth- 
ers and sisters except Nathaniel P., his name- 
sake. He died November 26, i860, at Johns- 
town, New York. He was an infant of two 
years when his parents removed to Johns- 
.town, where he was educated and ever after- 



ward lived. He engaged in milling and farm- 
ing, owning a great deal of real estate in the 
county, including the historic farm and resi- 
dence of Sir William Johnson, known for a 
century and a half as "Johnson Hall." He 
resided at the "Hall," where he was married 
and where his children were born. He was a 
prominent, influential man. He married, 
June 15, 1809, .Amy Akin, born May 6, 1788, 
died December 24, 1858 (see Akin). Chil- 
dren: I. Sally Maria, born April 22, 1810, 
married Daniel Edward. 2. George W., July 
15, 181 1 ; married Helen Yard. 3. Almira W., 
March 30, 1813; married Hiram Yauney. 4. 
Eleazer H., March 27, 1815; died and buried 
at Pine Bluff, Arkansas, aged twenty-one 
years, unmarried. 5. Ann Sarah, born Janu- 
ary 2, 1817; married Colonel Rodney Hall 
Johnson. 6. Elizabeth, December 6, 1818; 
married Jacob Burton. 7. Louisa, October 
2j, 1820; married Mclntyre Eraser. 8. John 
E., August 7, 1822; married (first) Sarah 
Steele; (second) Margaret Burton. 9. Rhoda, 
December 25. 1823; married Major John 
Henry Gross. 10. Catherine, March 20, 1825; 
married Judge John Stewart. 11. Nathan 
Perkins, December 20, 1826, died 1853, un- 
married. 12. David Akin, see forward. 13. 
Edward Akin, see forward. 

(VHI) David Akin, fifth son and twelfth 
child of Eleazer and Amy (Akin) Wells, was 
born at "Johnson Hall," near Johnstown, Ful- 
ton county. New York, May 17, 1828, died 
November 29, 1903. He was educated in the 
public schools and at Johnstown Academy. 
He worked on the farm with his father until 
1845, when he became a clerk in the dry goods 
store of Yauney & Edwards, and later was 
clerk in the store of Burton & Gross, Johns- 
town. In 1848 Mr. Gross retired and Mr. 
Wells was a(lniitte<l a partner, continuing un- 
til 185 1, when he disposed of his interest to 
his brother, Edward A. Wells. David \. 
then formed a partnership with Marcellus Gil- 
bert, as Gilbert & Wells, and began the manu- 
facture of gloves. They continued in success- 
ful operation for eighteen years until 1869. 
when the senior ])artner died. Mr. Wells car- 
ried on the business alone for a year or two, 
when his factory burned, entailing a heavy 
loss. Close attention to business had under- 
mined his health, and he now enjoyed a period 
of complete' rest for several years. He was 
then chosen vice-president of the Fonda, 
Johnstown & Gloversville Railroad Company, 
just inaugurated, and entered actively into 
the building and equipment of the road. He 
was active in its management after the road 
was opened for business in 1870, and may 
justly be given a large share of credit for its 




/ichtcf^ ^. ^J^ 



HUDSOX AND MOHAWK WALLEYS 



123 



successful career. He was a director of the 
Peoples' Bank of Johnstown; president of the 
Savings Hank since organization ; president 
Glrtversville I'^oundry and Machine company ; 
president of the Opera House Company since 
organization. He was actively interested in 
many other business enterprises of the city, 
giving to all not only his financial support but 
the benefit of his mature judgment and long 
business experience. He was always an active 
Republican, and while never aspiring to office 
held several public jjositions of trust and hon- 
or. In i860 he was elected treasurer of Ful- 
ton county. In 1880 and 1881 he was chosen 
to represent his district in the state legisla- 
ture, and has served as trustee and president 
of the village corporation. He married. April 
io,i830,Alida ii. Johnson, born May 17.1832, 
daughter of George and Frances Johnson. 
Children: i. ,\ babe, dying at birth. 2. Mar- 
ccllus ( lilliert. died February t6, i86g. 3. 
Eleazer .Merrill, born February I, 1853, see 
forward. 4. Xathan Perkins, born July 23, 
1855; associated in business with his father. 
5. David -Akin (2), born December 21, 1858, 
see forward. 6. Anna G., born May 7, 1862; 
married Joseph D. Oliver, one of the proprie- 
tors of the Oliver Chilled Plow Company of 
South Iknd. Indiana. 

(IX) Eleazer Merrill, son of David .\kin 
and Alida G. (Johnson ) Wells, was born in 
Johnstown, New York, February i, 1853, and 
died March 20, 1909. He married, July 3, 
1872, Elsina F. Mills, born in Gloversville, 
New York, August 6, 1851. Child: John E. 

(IX) David Akin (2), youngest son and 
fourth child of David Akin ( i ) and Alida 
G. (Johnson) Wells, was born in Johnstown, 
December 21, 1858. He was educated in the 
public schools. After finishing his studies 
he entered the superintendent's office of the 
Fonda, Johnstown & Gloversville railroad, 
and remained there several years. He then 
formed a connection with the Coal Company 
of Fulton county, which existed for twentv- 
eight years, when Mr. Wells retired from 
active business life. He resides in Johnstown, 
where he lives the retired life of a gentle- 
man of culture and means. He married. De- 
cember 16, 1909, in Johnstown, Katherine, 
daughter of John and Mary Hogan. They 
had other children : Austin, Walter, Agnes, 
married John Howell ; Anna, married E. W. 
Shults : jane, married William Mathis. 

(VIII) Edward Akin, thirteenth child and 
sixth son of Eleazer and .Amy (.Akin) Wells, 
was born in "Johnson Hall," Johnstown, Ful- 
ton county. New York, October 6, 1830. He 
was educated in the public schools and under 
private tutors, graduating under Professor 



Bannister at Johnstown. He was connected 
with the dry goods business of his brother, 
David .Akin Wells, in Johnstown, and later 
purchased the business, which lie conducted 
successfully many years. He was at the same 
time deeply interested in other business en- 
terprises to which he gave personal attention 
and direction. Fie superintends the cultiva- 
tion of the home farm and estate "Johnson 
Hall," containing between 500 and 600 acres, 
and operated the grist mill belonging to the 
estate. This active bu.siness life included 
glove manufacture, and continued throughout 
many active years until failing health com- 
pelled his retirement. His business respon- 
sibilities precluded all participation in public 
official life, and he took no active part in 
politics, although he had always given hearty 
allegiance to the Republican party. He was 
a member of the Presbyterian church. He 
died June 19, 1910, in Johnstown, Xew York, 
conscious of having borne well his part in 
the growth and development of the city in 
which his activities lay. 

He married .Ann Elizabeth Burton. Chil- 
dren : I. Eleazer. died at age of nineteen vears. 
2. Elizabeth, died at age of six years. 3. 
Elias Burton, died at age of twelve years. 4. 
Edward Akin (2), now of Rochester, New 
York ; married Bessie Parish. 5. Jennie, mar- 
ried Edwin L. Fonda. 6. John E., died' aged 
twelve years. 7. Elias Burton, see forward. 
8. Charles, died in infancy. 

(IX) Elias Burton, fifth son and seventh 
child of Edward Akin and Ann Elizabeth 
f Burton) Wells, was born in Johnstown, Xew 
York, October 28, 1869. He "was educated in 
the public school and at Johnstown Academy. 
In 1888 he began business, dealing in real 
estate and insurance, operating in these lines 
ten years until 1898. In that year he estab- 
lished his present business, the manufacture 
and preparation of dye stufifs and chemicals 
used in dressing skins used in glove manu- 
facture. In rgio he added to his other lines a 
leather department and business. Among the 
many compounds and preparations which he 
manufactures for tanners and curriers is a 
process for making washable leather, invented 
by himself, that has proved very valuable to 
the glove makers, being especially adapted to 
gloves and mittens worn by persons exposed 
to wet weather. He is a most capable, suc- 
cessful business man, and is one of the sub- 
stantial men of his city. He is a Republican 
in politics. He married, October 12, 1892, 
Jennie Holmes, born .April 7, 1872, daughter 
of John Catlin (born September 3, 1829, 
died July 21. 1899) and Ellen E. (born Octo- 
ber 9, 1840. died October 9, 1880) (Kirby) 



124 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Holmes. Child: Elizabeth, born ;\Iay ii, 

1897. 

(The Loomis Line). 

Joseph Loomis, the emigrant, sailed from 
London, England, April 3, 1636. in the ship 
"Salem and Ellen." He settled first in Brain- 
tree. ]\Iassachusetts, then in Windsor, Con- 
necticut. He died November 25, 1658. He 
married Mercy White, June 13, 1614. She 
died August 23, 1652, leaving issue. 

(II) Deacon John, son of Joseph and Mercy 
(White) Loomis, was born in England in 
1622, died September 2, 1688. He was deputy 
to the general court in 1666-67-75-87. He 
married, February 8, 1648, Elizabeth, born 
about 1625, daughter of Thomas Scott, who 
came in the ship "Elizabeth," 1634, died No- 
vember 6, 1643. He was an original pro- 
prietor of Hartford, Connecticut. 

(III) Timothy, son of Deacon John and 
Elizabeth (Scott) Loomis, was born July 27, 
1661, died May 19, 1710. He married, Alarch 
20, 1689. Rebecca Porter, born March 8, 1666, 
died May 20, 1750. daughter of John Porter 
(2), born in England, 1620. He married 
(second) Mary, daughter of Thomas Stanley, 
in 1650, Rebecca was a granddaughter of 
John Porter, the emigrant, who came to 
America and settled at Windsor, Connecticut. 

He married Rose , and died April 22, 

1648. His wife died July. 1647. 

(R' ) Ichabod, son of Timothy and Rebecca 
(Porter) Loomis, was born January 25. 1692- 
93, died February 21. 1776. He married, De- 
cember 20, 1716, Hepzibah Loomis, born 1(598, 
died May 20, 1750. 

(V) Lois, daughter of Ichabod and Hepzi- 
bah (Loomis) Loomis, was bqrn November 
26. 1724; married Samuel Foote, November 
24, 1743. Hepzibah Loomis, wife of Ichabod, 
was a great granddaughter of Joseph Loomis, 
the emigrant, through his .son Nathaniel, born 
1638, died July 23, 1728; married, November 
24, 1654, Elizabeth Moore, daughter of John 
and granddaughter of Thomas Moore, the 
emigrant. 

(Ill) David, son of Nathaniel and Eliza- 
beth (Moore) Loomis, was born January 11, 
1667, died January 9, 1751-52: married, De- 
cember 8, ifx)2, Lydia, daughter of John 
Marsh. 

(1\") Hepzibah, daughter of David and 
Lydia (Marsh) Loomis, married Icliabid 
Loomis, both being of the fourth generation 
of the Loomis family in America. 

(The .M<in Line). 

The .'\kins were of Scotland, where they 
embraced the peculiar doctrine of the So- 
ciety of Friends, or Quakers. On account of 



their religion the Quakers refused to bear- 
arms or take the required oath. This sub- 
jected them to severe persecution, which they 
emigrated to America to escape. They settled' 
in Dartmouth. Massachusetts, where they soon 
found that with tlie Puritans religious' free- 
dom meant freedom only for those of their- 
own religious faith. The Quakers were ban- 
ished from Massacliusetts, some even suf- 
fering death. 

(I) John Akin, founder of the family in 
America, born in Scotland, in 1663, came 
to America with others of his sect in 1680, 
settling in Dartmouth, Massachusetts, where 
in 1687 he married Mary Briggs. When per- 
secution again drove him from his home, he 
with others of his family settled in -New 
Netherlands, where the Dutch did not disturb 
a man for his religious belief. He married a 
second wife, and died June 13, 1746, leaving 
eight sons and seven daughters. 

(II) David, eldest son of John and Mary 
(Briggs) Akin, was born in 1689, and died 
1779. He settled on "Quaker Hill," town of 
Pawling, Dutchess county. New York, a lo- 
cality that has long been the family seat. He 
married, at Dartmouth, Massachusetts, in 
171 1, Sarah Allen, born 1692. They had six 
sons and four daughters. 

(III) James, son of David and Sarah (Al- . 
len) Akin, was torn October 18, 1728. He 
married Patience Howard. Children : Ed- 
ward, see forward; Benjamin, married (first) 
Sarah Holloway, (second) Widow Canuflf; 
Joseph, married Elsie Holloway : Beniah, mar- 
ried Hannah Tweedy ; Susannah, married 
(first) Haviland, (second) Abiel Al- 
len: Rachel, married (first) David Ferris, 
(second) Hitchcock. 7. Phoebe, mar- 
ried Noble Bennett : An-iy, niarried Joseph 
Hungerford : Annie, n-iarried Sylvanus Sam- 
mons. 

(I\') Edward, .son of James and Patience 
(Howard) Akin, married Elizabeth Russell, 
of Johnstown, New York. He had sons 
James, Ira, ■•'Itlian, .Vbram and David, liv- 
ing at the time of his death. One son, Con- 
sider, died young. His daughters were: 
Phoebe, married Abram Poole : Rhoda, mar- 
ried .Abram Synder : Amy, married Eleazer 
Wells (see Wells VH) : Sally, married Nathan 
P. Wells : Patience, married William I. Dodge ; 
Amanda, married William Bowen. 

(The Foote Line). 
(I) Nathaniel Foote, the first settkr, came 
from England, when and from what part un- 
known. The first record of him is in Water- 
town, Massachusetts, in 1633, when he took 
the oath of freeman. He is next found in 




m 



/^^:=_/72% 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



125 



•^thc first records of Wethersfield, Connecticut. 
In 1644 he was appointed a delesjate to the 
.y;cneral court. He married, in Ensjland. about 
1615. Elizabeth, sister of John Deming, one 
of the first settlers of Wethersfield. She sur- 
vived her husband, and married "Mr. Thomas 
Welles, magistrate." about 1646, afterwards 
governor of the Connecticut colony. She died 
July 28, 1683. Children of Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth (Deming) Foote: Nathaniel, see 
'fonvard; Robert, Elizabeth, Mary, Frances, 
Sarah, and Rebecca. 

(II) Nathaniel, eldest son of Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth (Deming) Foote, was born in Eng- 
land about 1620, died 1655. He follmved the 
fortunes of his jiarents, and with them settled 
in Wethersfield, Connecticut, where he mar- 
ried, in 1646, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel 
Smith. Children : Nathaniel, Samuel, Daniel 
and Elizabeth. 

(III) Samuel, second son of Nathaniel and 
Elizabeth Foote, was born May i, 1649. He 
settled in Hatfield, Massachusetts, where he 
married, in 1671, Mary Merrick, of Spring- 
field. He died September 7, 1689, and his 
widow died October 3, 1690. Children: 
Nathaniel, Mary, Samuel (slain by the In- 
dians at Deerfieid, February 29, 1704). Mary 
(2), Sarah, Eleazer, Thomas and Daniel. 

(I\ ) Daniel, youngest child of Samuel and 
Mary (Merrick) Foote, was born February 
6. if)7(). died July 15, 1740. He was of Hart- 
ford, and of Simsbury, Connecticut, remov- 
ing to the latter place in 1721. He purchased 
a large farm there, and met his death by fall- 
ing from a load of hay under the wheels, 
which passing over him caused such injuries 
that he died an hour thereafter. He married, 
in Hartford. November 19, 17 18, Mary Coll- 
yer, who died June, 1769. aged 71 years, 
(laugliter of Joseph Collyer. Children, all but 
the first born in Simsbury, Connecticut : Sam- 
uel, see forward: Mary, Daniel (2), Joseph, 
John, Rachel, Sarah and Rachel (2). 

(Y) Samuel, eldest child of Daniel and 
Sarah (Collyer) Foote, was born in Hartford. 
Connecticut, October 4. 17 19. died September 
18, 1775. He married. November 24, 1743. 
Lois Loomis. Children: Samuel, Ijrtis (see 
forward), Mary, Lucy. Timothy, Elijah, Lucy 
(2), Grove, Hepzibah and Roger. 

( \T ) Lois, eldest daughter and second child 

■of Samuel and Lois (Loomis) P'oote, was 
born .April 5, 1746. She was married (first) 
to Eleazer Merrill, of Farmington, Connecti- 
cut. Mav 29, 1765, son of Moses Merrill. He 

■died May 16, 1769. leaving two children, 
Eleazer and Lois. She married (second) John 
Wells (2), October, 1770, and had nine chil- 

•dren. ( See Wells \T.) 



Professor William Wells, Ph.D.. 
\\'ELLS LL.D.. was born in New York 

City, 1820. died at Schenectady, 
New York, December 12, 1907. His boy- 
hood and youth were passed in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, where his parents removed 
when he was nine years of age. His academic 
education was obtained in Philadelphia, where 
he made good progress toward that mastery 
of foreign tongues which later made him fa- 
mous. In 1846 he made his first visit to Eu- 
rope. He spent a year in Vienna, as an unofficial 
attachee of the American legation, also pur- 
suing studies at the University. Then he 
went to Berlin, where he matriculated at the 
I'niversity and entered upon a course of study 
which led in due time to the degree of Ph.D. 
in 1848. Those were the days of revolution 
in Europe, when Louis Phillipe was driven 
from the throne of France, when the Crown 
Prince of Prussia, afterwards the Emperor of 
Germany, William I. was compelled by popu- 
lar hatred to leave his country for a time ; 
when Hungary was in open revolt against 
Austria, and when the Chartist agitation 
threatened revolution even in England. Pro- 
fessor Wells was deeply interested in these 
great events happening around him. He had 
an interesting experience in the Berlin riots 
that taught him that he was not able to cope 
with the Prussian cavalry. He next went to 
the German parliament at Frankfort-on-the- 
Main, as secretary to the special .American 
embassy to that body. He remained during 
the entire session as correspondent of the 
A'cTC York Herald, then went to Paris, where 
he spent a college year as a student at the 
Sarbonne and the College de France. After- 
wards he traveled over a large part of Eu- 
rope, returning to the United States in 185 1. 
He spent a year in Cincinnati. Ohio, where 
he had the honor and pleasure of making the 
address of welcome to Louis Kossuth, on the 
occasion of the Hungarian patriot's visit to 
that city. 

In 1852 he was elected professor of modern 
languages in Genesee College, Lima, New- 
York. There he remained twelve years, dur- 
ing part of the time acting also as principal 
of the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary. In 1865 
he was called to the Chair of Modern Lan- 
guage and Literature at Union College. 
Schenectady. New York, thus beginning the 
connection that was maintained unbroken for 
over forty years. In 1872 he received the 
degree of LL.D. from the Indiana Asbury 
L'niversity. now known as De Pauw Uni- 
versity. In 1887 the professorship at Union 
College was enlarged by the addition of the 
lectureship on current history. In the interest 



126 



HUDSON AND :\IOHA\\K \-ALLEYS 



of that work he visited the southern states of 
the Union, the West Indies, Mexico, Centra! 
America, Alaska, Cahfornia, the Rocky Moun- 
tain region, and later made an extended tour 
comprising every country of Europe from the 
North Cape, with its strange vision of the 
midnight sun, to Greece and Constantinople, 
Asia Alinor, Egypt, to the Cataracts of the 
Nile and the other countries of Northern Af- 
rica. On his return from this, his fourth visit 
to the Old World, he was welcomed home by 
the alumni of Union College with a hearty 
demonstration in New York harbor, which 
attested the deep respect and afifection with 
which he was regarded by Union College men. 
The results of his observations and reflection 
during his tours were embodied in a series of 
lectures, delivered annually to the senior class 
and the general public. In the spring of i8go 
Dr. Wells celebrated his seventieth birthday 
and the fiftieth anniversary of his entrance 
upon the profession of teaching, the same year 
marking the completion of a quarter-century's 
work at Union College. Fifteen years longer 
he continued his connection, when the burden 
of years proved too heavy and he was retired 
professor emeritus. His beautiful home was 
on the college grounds and there he celebrated 
his eighty-seventh birthday, April 4, 1907. He 
was beloved of the students, to whom he had 
endearingly become "Uncle Billy." At a meet- 
ing of the Chicago Alumni Association twen- 
ty-five alumni of the college banqueting at 
Chicago sent him this telegram : "Twenty- 
five nephews from Chicago and the North- 
west extend heartiest greeting, and best wishes 
for many years more with Old Union." His 
activities were not confined by college walls. 
By voice and pen he was long known as one 
of the foremost educators. He lectured in 
all the great cities of the United States from 
Boston to San Francisco. He was the first 
European correspondent of the Nczv York 
Herald, and during his last great tour abroad 
was s]iecial correspondent of the Neiu York 
Mai! &nd Express. For over twenty years 
he was in charge of the foreign department of 
tiic Methodist Reriew. and was a frequent 
editorial and general contributor to all the 
leading papers of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. Able articles from his pen also ap- 
peared in the Independent. Scribner's Month- 
ly and the Century Afa^i^acine. He was asso- 
ciated with Dr. Taylor I.ewis in the prepara- 
tion of the "Book of (ienesis for Lange's 
Commentary," and translated the Book of Ec- 
clcsiastcs for the same work. When the phil- 
anthropist, Daniel Drew, had in contemplation 
the founding of Drew Theological Seminary, 
Professor Wells was one of the men who were 



called upon for advice and assistance. He 
took an active part in the foundation of the 
seminary and was ever after on the board of 
trustees. He was a devoted Methodist and for 
twenty-five years superintendent of the Sun- 
day school of State Street Methodist Episco- 
pal Church at Schenectady. He was elected 
and served as lay delegate to the general con- 
ference of his church in 1872, the first year 
laymen were admitted as delegates. He was 
again elected to the general conference of 
1876 and served as one of the secretaries of 
that conference. At his death fitting memo- 
rials were passed by different bodies, from 
which we quote the faculty in part : 

"He was not only immensely useful to the col- 
lege by liis scholarship and attainment, but made 
for himself a place in the hearts of the students, 
which he kept long after graduation. For nearly 
half a century he has been closely and affection- 
ately connected with every one's thought of the 
college. As a personal friend Professor Wells 
was loved and honored, not only by the faculty, 
students and alumni of Union, but far more wide- 
ly; for his sympathy and interests had brought 
him into connection with many persons and 
many institutions, and he came to no work or oc- 
cupation where he did not attain the affection as 
well as the respect of those with whom he was- 
associated." 

again : 

"The passing years but added to the kindliness 
of his nature, to his devotion to the College, and 
to his love for his pupils of the past and present."' 
Kot inappropriately was he called "The Grand 
Old Man of Union College." 

Professor Wells married, July, 1854, .\lice 
Yeckley, born at Gorham, Ontario county, 
New York, March 15, 1836, died at Schenec- 
tady. April 26, 1906. She was educated at 
Genesee Wesleyan Seminary and Genesee 
College (afterwards Syracuse University). 
They removed to Schenectady in 1865, and 
there resided until death. Like her husband, 
Mrs. Wells was a devoted Christian worker 
in the Methodist Episcopal church, especially 
in missions and work among the young. She 
was for many years president of the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society of the First 
( State Street ) Church and for twelve years 
president of the W'oman's Auxiliary of the 
^'o^^lg Men's Christian Association. She or- 
ganized and was president of the Mother's 
Club connected with the Young Women's 
Christian Association. She was closely iden- 
tified with the social life of the college, and 
in all respects was a worthy helpmeet and 
companion. One child, Alice M. Wells, sur- 
vives her parents, residing in Schenectady, 
New York. 

(The .Arnold Line). 

Alice Yeckley (Mrs. Professor William 
Wells) was a descendant through her mother, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \ALLEYS 



127 



Mary Arnold Yeckley, from the famous Ar- 
nold family of Ens^land. who traced their 
descent and origin to the ancient Princes of 
Wales. 

The Arnold family is one of t^^reat anti- 
quity and honorable mention in the early an- 
nals. The ilescent is traced to Ynir, King of 
Gvventland, who flourished about the middle 
of the twelfth century. King Ynir descended 
through a second son from Cadwalader, last 
King of the liritons. The ancient Castle of 
Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, England, built 
by Cadwalader, may yet be seen, although in 
ruins. The line briefly told is traced from a 
son of each generation. 

(I) Ynir, King of Gwentland, married 
Nesta, daughter of Justin, King of Glamor- 
gan. 

(H) Meiric, King of Gwentland, married 
Eleanor of the house of Trevor. 

(HI) Ynir \'ichan, King of Gvventland, 
married Gladice, daughter of the Lord of 
Ystradyw. 

( IV ) Carador, Lord of Gwent, married 
Nesta. daughter of Sir Rydereck le Gros. 

(V) Dyenwall, Lord of Gwent, married 
Joyes, daughter of Hamlet, son of Sir Druce, 
Duke of Balladon of France. 

(VI) Systal, Lord of Upper Gwent, mar- 
ried Annest, daughter of Sir Peter Russell, 
Lord of Kentchinch in Hereford. 

(V'H) Arthur, married Jane, daughter of 
Lein, Lord of Cantrosblyn. 

(\Tn ) Meiric. married Annest, daughter of 
Cradock. 

(IX) Gwillim, married Jane, daughter of 
Ivon, Lord of Lighs-Taby-vont. 

(X) Arnholt Esq., married Janet, daughter 
of Phillip Fleming, Esq. 

(XI) Arnholt (2) Esq., married Sibyl, 
daughter of Madoc. 

(XII) Roger Arnold, of Llanthony in Mon- 
mouthshire, first of the family to adopt a sur- 
name, married Joan, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Gamage. 

(XIII) Thomas Arnold, successor to the 
estates in Monmouthshire, married Agnes, 
daughter of Sir Richard Warnstead. 

(XI\') Richard Arnold married Emmate. 
daughter of Pearce Young. 

(X\') Richard Arnold (2). born in Somer- 
setshire, removed to Dorsetshire, England, be- 
canie seated at Bagbere, and was Lord of the 
Manor. His name appears on the "Subsidy 
Rolls" of the county of Dorset, 1549. He 
W'as patron of the churches of Blanford and 
Bingham Melcombe. His manor house at 
Bagbere was standing until 1870, when it was 
demolished. His will was probated July 9, 
1595. He desires "To be buried in the Parishe 



Church of Million, in the He called Jesus He 
as we go to the Lower." 

(XVi) Thomas, second son of Richard Ar- 
nold, of Bagbere, Dorsetshire, England, is 
mentioned in his father's w-ill. He removed 
to Cheselbourne and seated himself on an es- 
tate, formerly the property of his father. He 
was twice married. His first wife Alice bore 
him six sons. By his second wife he had 
three children. 

(X\'II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
Arnold, was born in Cheselbourne, Dorset 
county, England, baptized April 18, 1599, died 
in Providence, Rhode Island, Seiitember, 1674. 
He was the founder of this branch of the 
Arnold family in America. He came to the 
New World in the ship, "Plain Joan," in May, 
1635, and soon settled at Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts. May 13, 1640, he was made free- 
man. April 2, 1654, he was fined five pounds 
for neglecting public worship for twenty days. 
April 2, 1655, was fined ten pounds for neg- 
lecting public worship for forty days. He 
had lands allotted him on the several distribu- 
tions and seems to have been a man of means. 
He was deputy, 1666-67-70-71-72, and a mem- 
ber of the town council. He married twice : 
by first wife he had: Thomas, Nicholas and 
Susanna. His second wife Phoebe, daughter 
of George and Susanna Parkhurst, died in 
1688. Children: Ichabod. Richard, see for- 
ward, Thomas, John, Eleazer and Elizabeth. 

(X\TII) Richard, son of Thomas (2) and 
Phoebe (Parkhurst) Arnold, w'as born at 
Watertown, Massachusetts, March 22, 1642- 
43. died April 22. 17 10. He was a inan of 
superior ability : held many official positions ; 
member of the general assembly and assistant 
governor of Sir Edmond Andros at Boston. 
He was repeatedly chosen to act with commit- 
tees in the adjustment of boundary disputes, 
with neighboring colonies and to settle differ- 
ences among fellow townsmen. He was dep- 
uty twelve sessions between 167 1 and 1708, 
assistant in the intervening years when not 
deputy. In 1707-08 he was speaker of the 
house of deputies. He married (first) Mary, 
died 1695, daughter of Thomas and Alice 

Angell. He married (second) Sarah . 

died 1712. Children; all by first wife: Rich- 
ard ; John, see forward : Thomas : ]\Iary, mar- 
ried Thomas Steere. 

(XIX) John, son of Richard and Mary 
(Angell) Arnold, was born in Providence, 
Rhode Island. November i, 1670, died Oc- 
tober 27, 1756. He was the first settler of 
Woonsocket, Corihect|cut : one of the organ- 
izers of the Society of Friends in Northern 
Rhode Island, and built their first meeting 
house. When Smithfield became a town in 



128 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



1 73 1, he was the first president of the council. 
He was one of the committee who ran the 
northern boundary hne in 17 18. In 1712 he 
buih his corn and flouring mill on the Island 
near Woonsocket Falls. He was a miller by 
trade and became a very wealthy man for his 
day. He married (first) Mary, born 1675, 
daug'hter of Nathaniel and Joana (Inman) 
Mowry, (second) October 31, 1742, Hannah 
Hay ward. Children, all by first wife: Wil- 
liam, John, Daniel, Anthony, see forward ; 
Seth, Israel, Anna, Susanna and Abigail. 

(XX) Anthony, son of John and Mary 
(Mowry) Arnold, was born March 12, 1704. 
By will of his father he received sixty acres 
of land near the Falls. Woonsocket, Connecti- 
cut. This included "An Island, with two corn 
mills, and a fulling mill thereon.'' He sold 
this property and removed to Cromwell, 
Dutchess county, New York. He also re- 
ceived from his father "five pounds, current 
money." He married and left two children : 
David and Sarah. 

(XXI) David, son of Anthony Arnold, was 
born May 27, 1733. died 1822. He had four 
sons and three daughters. 

(XXII) Jonathan, son of David Arnold, 
was born March i, 1771. died November 13, 
1851. He left two sons and three daughters: 
Seth, Anthony, Mary, Hannah and Sarah. 

(XXIII) Mary, daughter of Jonathan Ar- 
nold, was born February 9, 181 1, died March 
26, 1883. ^larried Josiah Yeckley, June 3, 
1833, and had two children: Alice, see for- 
ward; and Jonathan Arnold Yeckley, born 
April 6, 1841, died September 16, 1903. witli- 
■out issue. 

(XXIV) Alice, only daughter of Josiah and 
Mary (Arnold) Yeckley, was born in Gor- 
ham, Ontario county. New York, March 15. 
1836, died April 26, 1906: married. July. 
1854. Professor William Wells. (See Wells.) 

(XXV) Alice M., only child of Professor 
William and Alice (Yeckley) Wells, was born 
in Schenectady. New York, where she still re- 
sides (1909), the only surviving member of 
the family. She was educated at Syracuse 
University. She is a communicant of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. Member of the 
Young Women's Christian Association, of 
which she is president (1910), and a member 
of the Woman's Club, Mohawk Golf Club. 

NoTK. — The mystery as to the origin of the 
■"Old Stone Mill," at Newport, doubtless 
created the legend that it was constructed by 
the Norsemen in the tenth or twelfth century. 
Longfellow gave it immortality in "The Lofty 
Tower," in his "Skeleton in Armor," and 
much time has been wasted upon it by sav- 
ants. The mill stood on Governor Benedict 



Arnold's farm, and in his will he clearly in- 
dicates the purpose for which it was intended 
and used : "My body I desire and appoint to 
be buried at ye Northeast corner of a parcel 
of ground, containing three rods square, being 
of and lying in my land, in or near the line 
or path from iny dwelling house, leading to 
my Stone Wind Mill in ye town of Newport." 
The bones of the first governor of Rhode 
Island under Charles IV (1633) rest within 
the grounds belonging to Hon. Charles C. Van 
Zant, governor of Rhode Island in 1870. The 
stone that marks the spot is so mossgrown 
that it is impossible to d'ecipher the inscription. 



The name Bleecker is de- 
BLEECKER rived from the Dutch, signi- 
fying one who bleaches or a 
bleacher by trade, in those days conducting 
the washing as a wholesale business in Hol- 
land by the side of a stream. The Bleecker 
arms : Per blue azure and argent ; on the 
first two chevronels embattled counter, embat- 
tled or ; on the second an oak branch proper, 
fruited or; motto: Fide et constantia. 

(I) Jan Janse Bleecker, a native of Meppel, 
province of Overyssel, Holland, was born July 
9, 1 64 1, son of Jan Bleecker. He came to 
this country in 1658, and settled in New Am- 
sterdam, now New York City. Later on he 
removed to Albany. He was not only a trader 
who was widely known, but was a man of 
considerable prominence, as is certified bv the 
number of public offices he held beginning 
witli the year in which Albany received its 
charter as a city, 1686. In that year he was 
appointed the first city chamberlain ; cap- 
tain of militia, Indian \\'ar. 1689; was Indian 
commissioner, 1691-94; recorder, 1696-1700; 
justice of the peace, 1697, and member of 
the provincial assembly, 1698-1701. Mare 
important than any of these high positions, he 
was made the seventh mayor of Albany, by ap- 
pointment from the representative of the 
Crown, the Earl of I'ellomont, and held that 
office 1700-01. He belonged to the Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church in America, and, 
dying in Albany, November 21, 1732, he was 
buried in that church edifice, as was the cus- 
tom of his day. He married Margariet (or 
Grietjen) Rutse, daughter of Rutger Jacob- 
sen Van Schocnderwoert, January 2, 1(167. 
She was born in 1647, died in 1733. Chil- 
dren : Johannes, born iW)8 ; Rutger, see 
forward ; Nicolaas ; Catharine ; Jane ; Marga- 
ret; Hendrick, baptized April, 1686; Rachel, 
baptized November 14, 1688; Maria, baptized 
I'^ebruary 7, 1692. 

(II) Rutger (Jansen), .son of Jan Janse 
and Margariet Rutse (\'an Schocnderwoert) 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



129 



Bleecker, was born in Albany, May 13, 1675, 
and resided at the northwest corner of North 
Pearl and Steuben streets. He was a merchant 
of considerable means, and a member of the 
Reformed Protestant Dutch church. He was 
city recorder, 1725, and his older brother, Jo- 
hannes, was the eighth mayor, serving 1701- 
•02, receiving his appointment from Lieu- 
tenant-Governor John Nanfan. He was ap- 
pointed the fifteenth mayor of Albany by Co- 
lonial Governor William Burnet, and held of- 
fice from November 8, 1726, to November 10, 
1729. He died in Albany, August 4, 1756. 
He married Catalyna (or Catalina) Schuyler, 
daughter of David I. Schuyler, and widow of 
Johannes Abeel, the second mayor of Albany, 
May 26, 1712. She was baptized October 10, 
1686, and was buried in the Dutch church, 
October 25, 1747. Children: Johannes, bap- 
tized February 8, 1713, see forward; Mar- 
garita, baptized October 8, 1714, married Ed- 
ward Collins ; Jacobus, baptized December 9, 
1716: Myndert, baptized July 3, 1720. 

(HI) Johannes (Rutgerse), son of Rutger 
(Jansen) and Catalyna (Schuyler) Bleecker, 
was baptized in Albany, February 8, 171 3. He 
was a surveyor and made one of the most use- 
ful of the city maps. He died in 1800. He 
Jiiarried, August 5, 1743, Elizabeth Staats, 
born October 3, 1725, daughter of Barent 
Staats. Children : Rutger, baptized July 5, 
1743, married Catharine Elmendorf ; Barent, 
"baptized June 5, 1748; Barent, baptized No- 
vember 18, 1750; Barent, baptized Novem- 
ber 12, 1752, buried Novembtr 5, 1756; Ja- 
cobus, baptized October 23, 1755, see forward; 
"Catalina, baptized October 15, 1758; Barent, 
baptized June 9, 1760, married Sarah Lansing, 
■daughter of Gerrit Lansing, no children ; Jo- 
hannes, born October 4, 1763, died Decem- 
ber 29, 1833. 

(IV) Jacobus (or James) Johannsen, son of 
Johannes and Elizabeth (Staats) Bleecker, 
was born in Albany, October 14, 1755, died 
there February 18, 1825. He married, No- 
vember 18, 1782, Rachel Van Sant, born 1759, 
died March 22, 1837. Children : Katalyna, 
married Barent Sanders ; Sally, married 
Charles Piatt, died 1832 ; Garrett \'an Sant, 
see forward. 

(V) Garrett \'an Sant, son of Jacobus (or 
James) and Rachel (Van Sant) Bleecker, was 
born in the fine mansion of his grandfather, 
Garrett Van Sant, on South Pearl street, Al- 
bany. August 2. 1790, died January 12, 1856. 
He had no profession, but spent his entire 
time in looking after his interests. He was 
an active member of the South Second Re- 
iormed Church. He was a good citizen, liberal 
to the poor, visiting the alms house every 



week. He married (first), February 6, 181 1, 
Margaret \'an der \'oort, died October 10, 
1827; married (second), February 8, 1829, 
Jane Shepard, born June 12, 1801, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Shepard, of Albany, and was 
of English descent. For a lengthy period he 
was an alderman of the third ward. Chil- 
dren: Rachel, born September 25, 181- ; mar- 
ried, February 25, 1829, Dr. Visscher Winne; 
Elizabeth Staats, born December 3, 1814; mar- 
ried James Bleecker Sanders, of Albany ; 
James \'an der \'oort, born April 25, 1817; 
married Ann Kinnear; Margaret Louise, born 
June 22, 1819; married, June 10, 1840, Henry 
A. Allen ; Garrett Van Sant, Jr., born Oc- 
tober 12, 1821 ; married Mary McCullock ; 
Anna, born April 17, 1824; married Stephen 
Wakeman Clark ; Charles Edward, born July 
15, 1826; married Grace Strobel, he being the 
fifty-first mayor of Albany and serving from 
May 6, 1868, to Alay 5, 1870, and died in 
Albany, January 31, 1873. Children, by sec- 
ond wife: Sarah Jane, born February 7, 1831 ; 
married, March 15, 1855, Robert Reed; 
Thomas Shepard, born February 23, 1833 ; 
married, November 4, 1863, Kate McCullock; 
William Rutger, born June 11, 1839, died 
unmarried; Matilda Eliza, born July 12, 1835; 
married, April 11, 1867, Jacob Henrick Ten 
Eyck (see Ten Eyck family). 

Jacob H. Ten Eyck, son of Herman and 
Eliza (Bogart) Ten Eyck), was born in 
Albany, August 17, 1833. died there March 24, 
1898. He was educated at the Albany Acad- 
emy, and started as a clerk in a bank. In 
1856 he went to Cuba and devoted three 
years to railroading. He returned to Al- 
bany, and in 1861 he raised Company G. Third 
New York \'olunteers ; was commissioned a 
captain of state militia, and shortly after was 
mustered into the United States service. He 
served nearly two years, was promoted major 
of the One Hundred and Fifty-fourth New 
York Volunteers, and was stationed in Vir- 
ginia with the Eleventh Army Corps. He 
resigned in 1864 on account of ill health, and 
returned to Albany, where he resided until 
his death. He held many important posi- 
tions of trust ; was trustee of the Albany Sav- 
ings Bank ; director of the .\lbany Insur- 
ance Company for about twenty years ; presi- 
dent of the Great Western Turnpike Com- 
pany, and was connected with a number of 
manufacturing enterprises both in his own 
city and in Troy. He was alderman of the 
old seventh ward for two years ; one of the 
founders of the Fort Orange Club, the lead- 
ing social institution in his city, and was 
its president at the time of his death; for 
ten years he was a member of the \'olunteer 



I30 



HUDSON AND iMOHAWK VALLEYS 



Fire Department; was for a long period an 
officer of the Albany Burgesses' Corps, and 
also commissary of the Tenth Regiment. He 
was a member of the New York Command- 
ery, Loyal Legion of America ; Jacob H. Ten 
Eyck Post, No. 154, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, of Albany, was named in his honor. 
He was president of the board of trustees 
of the North Dutch First Reformed Church, 
of Albany, for twenty years, and was the 
oldest member of the board of managers of 
the Homeopathic Hospital. Mrs. Ten Eyck 
furnished a room in the hospital as a memorial 
to her husband. 



Coenraedt Ten Eyck, who 
TEN EYCK came from Amsterdam, 
Holland, about 1630 or 
1635, and settled in New Amsterdam, married 
Maria Boele. Children : Jacob, see forward ; 
Dirck ; Margariet ; Tobias ; Coenraedt ; Hen- 
drick; ]Matthys; Margariet; Andries ; and 
Metje. 

(II) Jacob, son of Coenraedt and Maria 
(Boele) Ten Eyck, was born in Holland, 
died in Albany. He married Gertruy, born in 
1654, daughter of Barent Coeymans (who 
married a daughter of Andries De Vos). In 
her will, as a widow, made September 6, 1716, 
proved July 10, 1736, she mentions the names 
of all their children excepting Andries, who 
died in 1635. and Hendrick. Children: Coen- 
raedt, born April 9, 1678. see forward; Barent, 
married, September 30, 1700; Nelletje Scher- 
merhorn ; Hendrick (or Hennik), born De- 
cember 22, 1680; Mayken, born April 2, 1685; 
married, December 26, 1712, Andries Van 
Petten, of Schenectady ; Andries, baptized 
March 25, 1688, died February 27, 1735; An- 
neken, baptized August 20, 1693; married 
Johannes Bleecker, died December 9, 1738. 

(III) Coenraedt (2), son of Jacob and 
Gertruy (Coeymans) Ten Eyck, was born in 
Albany, April 9, 1678, buried in Albany, Janu- 
ary 23, 1753. He married, September 24, 1704, 
(church record) or October 10, 1703 (family 
Bible), Geertje. daughter of Anthony and Ma- 
ria (\'an der Poel) Van Schaick, the latter 
a daughter of Teunis Cornelise Van der Poel. 
Oiildren ; Jacob Coenraedt, born April 21, 
1705, see forward; Maria, born July 3, 1707; 
married Gerrit Bradt; Gerritje, born July, 
1710, died young; Anthony, born September 
17, 1712; Barent, born September 29, 1714; 

married Effie ; Catrina, born January 

29, 1717, died November 11, 1741 ; Andries, 
born December 18, 1718; married Anna Mar- 
garita Coeymans ; Anna Margarita, born Feb- 
ruary 12, 1721 ; Tobias, born May 18, 1723; 
married, February 6, 1758, Judittkje Van Beu- 



ren; Gerritje, born July (or August), 18 (or 
19), 1728; married Pieter Gansevoort. 

(IV) Jacob Coenraedt, son of Coenraedt 
(2) and Geertje (Van Schaick) Ten Eyck, 
was born in Albany, April 21, 1705. He was 
a man of prominence, and was appointed 
mayor of Albany (the twenty-second execu- 
tive of that city) by Governor George Clin- 
ton, October 3, 1749, and held office from. 
October i, 1748, until October 15, 1750. He 
was a man of considerable wealth, and had 
a character which made him noted as a man 
of strictest integrity. He was a commissioner 
of Indian affairs from November 16, 1752, 
until June 15, 1754; member of the committee 
of safety, 1775; judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas. He resided at one time in the old 
first ward, and also had a place on the Troy 
road, and was a member of the Dutch Re- 
formed church. He died in Albany, Septem- 
ber 9, 1783. He married, in Albany, August 
I, 1736, Catharina Cuyler, born in Albany,. 
February 18, 1710, died in Albany, November 
22, 1790, daughter of Abraham and Cantje 
(Bleecker) Cuyler. Children: Anthony, born 
September 17, 1739, see forward; Conrad, 
born November 27, 1741 ; Abraham Jacob,, 
born November 29, 1743; married, April 14, 
1769, Annatje Lansing; Catharine, born 
I\larch 14, 1746. 

(V) Anthony, son of Jacob Coenraedt and 
Catharina (Cuyler) Ten Eyck, was born in, 
Albany, September 17, 1739. He resided in 
Schodack, New York, and was a member 
of the convention of 1787 which ratified the 
constitution of the United States ; was first 
judge of Rensselaer county, until sixty years 
of age, and a member of the state senate for 
eight years. He married, February 18, 1775, 
Maria Egberts. Children: Catharina, born 
December 14, 1776, died single ; Egbert, bom 
April 18, 1779; married Rebecca Pearce; An- 
thony, born July 9, 1783, died young; An- 
thony, bom December 23, 1784; married C. 
Johnson ; Coenraad Anthony, born October 19, 
1789, see forward; Maria, married J. Van 
Allen. 

(VI) Coenraad Anthony, son of Anthony 
and Maria (Egberts) Ten Eyck, was born in 
Schodack, Columbia county, New York, Oc- 
tober 19, 1789, died June 10, 1845. He was 
sheriff of Albany county nine years and coun- 
ty clerk six years. He married his cousin, 
Hester Gansevoort, daughter of Jacob and 
Magdalena (Gansevoort) Ten Eyck, who re- 
sided in Whitehall Place. She was bom Jan- 
uary 4. 1796, died April 6, 1861. Children: 
Leonard, born March 12, 182 1 ; married Ellen 
Bullock ; Mary, born September 6. 1822, died 
young; Anthony, born June 22, 1824; Jacob, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



131 



born July 4, 1826; married Eliza Folger Cof- 
fin; Abraham Cuyler, born October i, 1830, 
see forward; Clinton, born May 31, 1833; 
married Kate Monteath Wilson; Catharine, 
born May 28, 1836, died single. 

(VH) Abraham Cuyler, son of Coenraad 
Anthony and Hester Gansevoort (Ten Eyck) 
Ten Eyck, was born October i, 1830, on 
Montgomery street, in Albany, which locality 
was then the "court part of the town" and 
later was converted into a site for the hand- 
some new union railway station for all the 
roads entering Albany. He was educated at 
the Albany Boys' Academy. His elder 
brother, Jacob, being a "Forty-niner," of Cali- 
fornia gold field craze, persuaded him to make 
the trip to the West, which he did, and on 
arrival he became a successful contractor, 
but on account of the death of his brother 
Anthony, who had been deputy attorney-gen- 
eral of New York state, 1852, he was called 
East. When returning, the ship on which he 
sailed was shipwrecked in a severe storm in 
Golden Gate Harbor, and he was one of the 
nineteen saved out of a list of one hundred 
and twenty-five passengers aboard. An in- 
cident connected with his escape is still told 
in the family, that he carried with him, ac- 
cording to the custom of the place and those 
days, a bowie knife, which he used to good 
efifect in cutting loose his belt, weighted with 
gold, and thus freed over five thousand dol- 
lars to sink to the bottom of the sea. It was 
a most fortunate display of alertness and 
had there been no sharp knife so conveniently 
at hand, doubtless his fate would have been 
similar to the scores of the gold-seekers whose 
fortune carried them to death. Following his 
marriage, which occurred within a few years 
of his return, he resided at No. 199 State 
street, which became the site of the new capi- 
tol, and after that he removed with his large 
and growing family to Whitehall Place, the old 
historical home of General John Bradstreet, 
of the British forces, used as his headquar- 
ters during the campaigns against the Indians 
and French. This house was built about 1750 
by General Bradstreet ; located about one 
hundred and fifty yards to the west of what 
became Delaware avenue, and the highway 
near it was long known as Whitehall road ; 
its household furniture was the envy of all 
the neighbors : many interesting oil portraits 
hung upon its walls, and at the large recep- 
tions the family silver figured prominently: 
one room had been used by General Bradstreet 
as his office, and another had been dedicated 
as the "death chamber." After the war the 
house was purchased from General Brad- 
Street by Leonard Gansevoort, brother of Gen- 



eral Peter Gansevoort; it was remodeled and 
enlarged in 1776 or 1780, becoming a man- 
sion, one hundred and ten feet in front and 
seventy-five feet deep. The property con- 
tained some two thousand acres and came into 
the Ten Eyck family by the marriage of Mag- 
dalena, daughter of Leonard Gansevoort, to 
Jacob Ten Eyck, eldest son of Abraham Ten 
Eyck. Jacob Ten Eyck was a man of promi- 
nence, being judge of Albany county, assem- 
blyman, and held other minor offices. The 
destruction of this house by fire in 1883 was 
the greatest misfortune in the life of Mr. Ten 
Eyck ; the place was known as Ten Eyck Park. 
In politics Mr. Ten Eyck was a Democrat. 
He was a member of the First Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church, a man of strong 
convictions, a staunch friend to all who were 
favored with his intimacy and possessed of 
hosts of friends. Everyone realized that he 
was unusually generous, even to the extent 
of a fault, and while not a lawyer, in later 
years his advice was sought on many ciuestions 
by his acquaintances. 

Abraham Cuyler Ten Eyck married, Al- 
bany, November 27, 1855, Margaret Matilda, 
born in Albany, April 14, 1837, daughter of 
Henry Burhans Haswell, born in Kingston, 
New York, June i, 1803, son of John and 
Margaret (Burhans) Haswell, married at 
Sing Sing (Ossining, New York), June, 1836. 
Henry B. Haswell was an attorney of promi- 
nence, country clerk for six years, alderman, 
school commissioner and secretary to the board 
of education for over twenty-five years. He 
had been private secretary to Hon. William 
H. Seward when secretary of state, and he 
died in Albany, August 10, i86g. Her 
mother was Elizabeth Trowbridge, daughter 
of Samuel and Rachel (Mabie) Trowbridge, 
born in Sing Sing (Ossining), New York, 
jNIarch 9, 1809, died in Albany, May, 1882. 
A. Cuyler Ten Eyck died in Albany, March 
23, 1900, and was buried in the Albany Rural 
Cemetery. His widow, in 1910, was residing 
with her son, Hon. Jacob Lansing Ten Eyck, 
at his home. No. 226 Lark street. By inherit- 
ance, she possesses a great many pieces of 
highly artistic old furniture and a quantity 
of colonial silver of beautiful design and 
workmanship, which are the envy of all the 
connoisseurs who behold it. Children, born 
in Albany : Hester Gansevoort, born August 

29, 1856, see forward; Conrad Anthony, May 

30, 1858; unmarried in 1910; Henry Has- 
well, December 16. 1859, died Albany, De- 
cember 23, 1867; Jacob, October 11, 1861, 
died young; Rachel, September 14, 1862, see 
forward; Jacob Lansing, July 8, 1864, see 
forward ; Cuyler, February 26, 1866, see for- 



132 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



ward ; Peter Gansevoort, Bethlehem, Novem- 
ber 7, 1873, see forward. 

(Vni) Hester Gansevoort, first-born child 
of Abraham Cuvler and Margaret Matilda 
(Haswell) Ten Eyck, was born in Albany, 
August 29, 1856. She married, Albany, De- 
cember 12, 1883, James Edgar Brooks, of 
Normansville, Albany county, New York. He 
was born in New Scotland, Albany county, 
New York, February 16, 1853, died Novem- 
ber 19, 1884, in Normansville, New York. 
Child : James Edgar Brooks, born in Nor- 
mansville, New York, September 20, 1884, and 
was a civil engineer, residing in Albany, in 
1910. 

(VHI) Rachel, daughter of Abraham Cuy- 
ler and Margaret Matilda (Haswell) Ten 
Eyck, was born in Albany, September 14, 1862. 
She married, at Schodack Landing, Rensse- 
laer county. New York. May 19, 1887, Rev. 
John Gabriel Gebhard, D.D., of Mount \^er- 
non. New York. He was born in Hudson, 
New York, November 2, 1857, son of Charles 
William and Celia (McCord), Gebhard. Chil- 
dren : Peter Ten Eyck, born in Mellenville, Co- 
lumbia county. New York, October 28, 1888; 
Charlotte Elizabeth, born in Mellenville, De- 
cember 28, 1890; Karl, born in Herkimer, No- 
vember 14, 1892; John Gabriel, Jr., born in 
Herkimer, February 23, 1894; Wessel Ganse- 
voort, born in Herkimer, March 4, 1897 ; Ra- 
chel Haswell, born in Herkimer, July 4, 1898; 
Paul, born in Yonkers, New York, October 
24, 1900. 

(VHI) Jacob Lansing, son of Abraham 
Cuyler and Margaret Matilda (Haswell) Ten 
Eyck, was born in Albany, July 8, 1864. He 
attended the local primary schools and gradu- 
ated from the Albany high school, after which, 
in 1 88 1, he entered the employ of Hand & 
Babbitt, wholesale lumber dealers in the "Dis- 
trict." The following year he was with T. P. 
Crook & Company, provision merchants, as 
assistant bookkeeper. He took an early inter- 
est in political gatherings, and in 1883 or- 
ganized the Young Men's Democratic 
Club, with the object of purifying pri- 
maries and elections. He studied law 
in the office of Norton Chase and 
John A. Delehanty, and at the same time, as 
agent of the Barber Asphalt Paving Company, 
induced the Albany, Troy and Schenectady 
corporations to employ asphalt pavement. He 
attended the Albany Law School of Union 
I'niversity, and was admitted to the bar in 
November, 1888. The next year he formed a 
law partnership with William S. Dyer, which 
continued until 1905. He was assemblyman 
from the Third Albany district in 1895, and 
was the only Democrat elected on the entire 



ticket of the county. He was made chairman 
of the Democratic city committee in 1900, and 
1903-06, was a member of the grievance com- 
mittee of the New York State Bar Associa- 
tion. He is a member of the American Society 
of International Law ; belongs to the Reformed 
Dutch Church, of Delmar, New York ; James 
Ten Eyck Lodge, No. 831, Free and Accept- 
ed Masons, and is a member of the Fort 
Orange Club. He married, September 3, 1889, 
at Berne, Albany county. New York, Kate, 
daughter of Zeb. A. and Lucy E. (Gallup) 
Dyer, both of Berne, New York. She was 
born at Berne. Child : Abraham Cuyler, born 
at "Whitehall," Albany, July 10, 1890; gradu- 
ate of the Albany Academy, class of 1905; 
entered the United States Naval Academy, 
May, 1908. 

(VHI) Cuyler, son of Abraham Cuyler and 
Margaret Matilda (Haswell) Ten Eyck, was 
born in Albany, February 26, 1866, and fol- 
lows the profession of an artist. He married, 
Albany, March 3, 1895, Eva Mary Wieland, 
born in Albany, August 24, 1869, daughter of 
Frederick G. and Catherine (Fisher) Wieland. 
Children : Julia Dent Grant, born in Bethle- 
hem Centre, Albany county, New York, May 
12, 1896; Albert Vander \''eer, born in Beth- 
lehem Centre, March 18, 1898; Hester Ganse- 
voort, born Albany, February 6, 1900. 

(VHI) Peter Gansevoort, son of Abraham 
Cuyler and Margaret Matilda (Haswell) Ten 
Eyck, was born in Whitehall Place, Albany, 
November 7, 1873. He was the last person 
born in the old, historic mansion, Gansevoort 
Home, built a century before Mr. Ten Eyck's 
birth, and known as "Whitehall," located in 
the town of Bethlehem, Albany county, New 
York. His earliest education was received 
at the Albany Boys' Academy, which pre- 
pared him for entrance to the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute in Troy, where he studied 
engineering. Following his profession, he 
has advanced along these lines, civil engineer 
in charge of the work of laying out Beaver 
Park in Albany, under the superintendent 
of parks ; inspector of signals on the Mohawk 
division of the New York Central line, and 
then supervisor of signals for the same; engi- 
neer of signals, in charge of both the con- 
struction and maintenance of all signals on 
the New York Central line ; engineer of sig- 
nals of the Federal Railway Signal Company, 
and vice-president and general manager of the 
last named company ; also frequently acting 
as consulting railway engineer. He is a Demo- 
crat in politics. Was a member of the Third 
Signal Corps of the Third Brigade, National 
Guard, State of New York. He joined the Del- 
ta Phi fraternitv and is a member of Master's 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



133 



Lodge, Free and Accepted JMasons. He is con- 
nected with the following clubs; Transporta- 
tion, New York City; Fort Orange, Albany; 
University, as trustee; also a member of the 
American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 
American Railway Engineering and Mainte- 
nance of Way Association, Railway Signal As- 
sociation, Albany Institute and Historical and 
Art Society. He is a member of the Second 
Dutch Reformed Church, of Albany. ]\Ir. Ten 
Eyck married, in Albany, April 15, 1903, Ber- 
tha Flore'ita Dederick, born in Albany, July 
31, 1875, daughter of Peter Kells Dederick, 
of Albany, inventor and wholesale manufac- 
turer of agricultural implements, and at one 
time was said to have received the third great- 
est number of patents issued in the United 
States to any one person. He was born in 
Claverack, Columbia county. New York, Feb- 
ruary I, 1838, son of Philip W. Dederick, born 
in Claverack, January 24, 1806, died in Al- 
bany, and Anna Maria Kells, born in Clave- 
rack, February 24, 1810; died in Albany, who 
were married in Claverack, December 28, 
1833. Her mother's maiden name was 
Marietta Michael. She was born in Clav- 
erack, December 24, 1843, daughter of 
John Lewis Michael, born in Claverack, De- 
cember 12, 1815, died in Claverack in autumn 
of 1872, and Elizabeth iXIiller, born May 5, 
1818, at Humphreyviile, died in Claverack, Oc- 
tober 9, 1906, who were married in Claverack, 
April 22, 1834. Child: Peter Gansevoort Ded- 
erick, born in Yonkers, New York, April 3, 
1905. 



The Olcotts, of Albany, New 
OLCOTT Y'ork, descend in a direct, un- 
broken male succession from 
Thomas Olcott, the emigrant ancestor of the 
Connecticut branch of the family, who was 
among the first settlers of the town of Hart- 
ford, and one of the founders of the trade 
and commerce of the colony of Connecticut. 
He came from England with the Winthrop 
company in 1630. There is reason to believe 
that he was one of the "goodly company" of 
men, women and children who, in June, 1635, 
left Newton and other settlements in ^lassa- 
chusetts to plant a new colony in the Con- 
necticut valley. They came through the wild- 
erness until they reached the mouth of the 
Chicopee river, near what is now Springfield, 
and followed down the banks of the Connecti- 
cut to the spot where, in the autumn before, 
the settlement of what is now Hartford, but 
then called Suckiange, was commenced. ]\Ir. 
Olcott had been educated in England, was a 
merchant, and brought with him the experi- 
ence and fruits of successful enterprise. In 



common with Edward Hopkins, Richard Lord, 
William Whiting and others he engaged in 
trade, for which the Connecticut was supposed 
to atTord great facilities, especially in the traf- 
fic of furs. Mr. Olcott first located himself on 
a lot on the east side of the Public (now State 
House) Square. He subsequently became the 
purchaser of one of the lots assigned to 
Edward Hopkins in the original distribution 
of the town among the first settlers. This lot 
comprised the whole square fronting on Main 
street and bounded by Pearl, Trumbull and 
Asylum streets. On the southeast corner he 
erected a dwelling for his own occupation, 
which continued in the family for several 
generations. Thomas Olcott died in 1654, 
aged about forty-five years. His wife, Abi- 
gail, died May 26. 1693, aged seventy-eight 
years. Children : Thomas, see forward ; Sam- 
uel ; John, baptized February 3, 1639; Eliza- 
beth, baptized December 7, 1643; Hannah. 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) and 
Abigail Olcott, emigrant, was born about 
1635. There seems to be no record of his 
death — that he lived to advanced age and until 
the year 1719 appears by the land records of 
Hartford, wherein is recorded a deed of land 
from him to his son, Thomas Olcott, Jr., dated 
February 14, 1719. His wife, Mary, "died May 

3, 1721, at Windsor, Connecticut. Children: 
Abigail, died March 14, 1688, at Springfield, 
Massachusetts ; Mary ; Thomas, see forward ; 
Samuel, died May 10, 1693 ; John, drowned 
May 25, 1685; Timothy, born 1677, died April 

5, 1754: married (first) ; (second) 

Mary Field, widow of Ebenezer Field, and 
daughter of Ebenezer Dudley, of East Guil- 
ford, Connecticut; she died April 20, 1740; 

(third) Elizabeth , who died August 29, 

1764. 

(HI) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) 
Olcott, of Hartford, married, 1691, Sarah 
Foote, of Wethersfield, Connecticut, who died 
July 24. 1756, in the eighty-sixth year of her 
age. Children : Abigail, died at age of eight- 
een years; Sarah, born December 12, 1694; 
married a Mr. Dean, of Plainfield, Connecti- 
cut; ]\lary, born November 21, 1696; married 
a Mr. Stoughton; Cullick, born April 18, 1699, 
died 1732; Nathaniel, born September 11, 
1701 ; married Hannah, daughter of Nathaniel 
Pitkin, of East Hartford; Josiah, born March 
2. 1703. died February 8, 1785; married. May 
15, 1740, Penelope, daughter of Rev. Jonah 
Beckwith, of Lyme, Connecticut ; Margaret, 
born April 12, 1705; married Richard Ely, 
of Lyme, Connecticut; Hannah, born August 

4, 1707: Elizabeth, born November 17, 1709; 
married Colonel John Pitkin, of East Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, brother of Governor Wil- 



134 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK ^■ ALLEYS 



liam Pitkin, and great-grandson of William 
Pitkin, one of the first settlers of Hartford; 
a child, born 1712, died in infancy; Thomas, 
see forward. 

(IV) Thomas (4), son and youngest child 
of Thomas (3) Olcott, of Hartford, was born 
in 1713, died May 3, 1795. He was a resi- 
dent of Stratford, Connecticut. lie married 
(first), 1736, Sarah, daughter of John Easton, 
of Hartford. She died ]\Iarch 30, 1756; mar- 
ried (second) Sarah, widow of Hezekiah 
Thompson, of Stratford, Connecticut, and 
daughter of Zachariah Tomlinson, November 
10, 1737. She died May 11, 181 1, in the 
eighty-ninth year of her age. Children by 
first wife: Josiah, born July 17, 1737, died at 
age of ten years ; Sarah, born August 17, 1742 ; 
married Thomas Hawley, of Stepney : John 
Easton. born July 24, 1749; married Hannah 
Sands, of Long Island, New York. Chil- 
dren by second wife: Thomas, born October 3, 
1758: married (first) Mary, daughter of An- 
drew Thompson, of New Haven, Connecticut; 
(second), March, 1821, Lucy Mitchell; Josiah, 
see forward; Hannah, born January 25, 1762; 
married, about 1780, Beach Judson of Strat- 
ford, Connecticut : Mary, born April 3, 
1763: married. March 18. 1784: Cap- 
tain Nehemiah Gorham, who served in the 
revolutionary war; Anna, born 1765; married, 
August 30. 1769, Isaac Bronson, of Bridge- 
port, Connecticut. 

(V) Josiah, son of Thomas (4) Olcott, 
was born at Stratford, Connecticut, July 19, 
1760, died in Hudson, New York, January 24, 
i860, in the one hundredth year of his 
age. He was educated in New Eng- 
land, and settled in Hudson, Columbia 
county. New York, then a thriving 
city, with a large fleet of sea-going 
vessels largely engaged in the whaling in- 
dustry, that annually brought to the city many 
tons of whalebone and many thousand barrels 
of whale oil. In 1785 he engaged in the 
manufacture of cordage with Thomas Jenkins; 
built a rope walk six hundred feet in length, 
and did an extensive business in the making 
and wholesaling of rope of all kinds and sizes. 
After the death of his partner he continued 
the business alone. He was a shrewd and 
capable business man of energy and direct 
purpose. The qualities that made his own life 
a success were transmitted to his posterity as 
will Ije seen in the following generations. His 
long and useful life ended in Hudson and 
covered a century which saw the colonies 
emerge from dependencies into a great united 
independent nation. The second war with 
Great Britain, the war with Mexico, had ter- 
minated just as the nation was plunging into 



the great civil war. He married Deborah, 
daughter of Thomas and Deborah Worth, of 
Nantucket, Massachusetts, June 7, 1794. Chil- 
dren : Thomas Worth, see forward ; Frederick, 
born January 16, 1797, died ]\Iarch 29, 1816; 
Ann Maria, born November 11, 1798; married, 
September 27, 1819, Richard I. Wells, of 
Coxsackie, New York ; Alfred, died in in- 
fancy ; Ophelia, born February 18, 1803, died 
October 10, 1839; married, December 28, 
1836, William Henry Folger, of Hudson, New 
York; Theodore, born May 28, 1805; married 
(first). May 5, 1834, Eliza Yates; (second), 
October i, 1840, Mary Jenkins; Jane Matilda, 
born March 28, 1806, died April 9, 1837; Or- 
rin, died in infancy ; Horatio Josiah, born 
January 4, 1810; married, September 6, 1831, 
Harriet M. Leonard ; Egbert, born October 
18, 1812, died May 22, 1873; married, Sep- 
tember 5, 1837, Mary E. L. White; Mary, 
died in infancy ; Caroline and Cornelia, twins, 
born December 4. 181 8; the former named 
(lied March 26, 1885, and the latter Novem- 
ber 13, 1899. 

(VI) Thomas Worth, son of Josiah and 
Caroline (Worth) Olcott, was born in Hud- 
son, New York, May 22, 1795, died March 
23, 1880, in Albany. He was educated in 
the Hudson schools, and began his long and 
successful career in finance as a clerk in the 
Columbia Bank of Hudson, where he re- 
mained two years. He rapidly grasped the 
fundamental principles governing monetary 
law. His active mind and quick, decisive char- 
acter made him an unusually valuable em- 
ployee, and when the Mechanics' and Farm- 
ers' Bank opened its doors for business, July 
29, 181 1, he was one of the clerical force. 
On that date began his remarkable connec- 
tion with that institution ; a connection last- 
ing nearly seventy years, the last forty-four 
years of which were spent in the president's 
chair. His rise was rapid ; six years after 
the bank opened its doors for business, he 
became cashier ; nineteen years later, in June, 
1836, he was elected president. The Me- 
chanics' and Farmers' Bank, whose success, in 
a large degree must be, and is, by general 
consent, credited to the genius of Thomas 
Worth Olcott, was the third bank incor- 
porated in Albany and was chartered osten- 
sibly for the benefit of the mechanics and 
farmers of Albany county. Its charter pro- 
vided that none but mechanics and farmers 
should be elected as bank officers, but some 
years later was amended so as to authorize the 
president and directors without reference to 
their occupation or business. It is a noted 
fact, and one that created considerable discus- 
sion and comment, that the entire first board 




/^/^^/rmc.^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



135 



of directors were Democrats. It had been 
understood that two Federalists would have 
A place on the board and they were later 
substituted. Mr. Olcott was the fifth presi- 
dent, and at his death he was succeeded by 
his son Dudley, who is the present incum- 
bent (1910). The first period of the bank's 
history ended by expiration of charter in 1833. 
At the expiration of the second charter in 
1853 the bank closed up its aflfairs, when 
the stockholders received one hundred and 
fifteen per cent., besides their stock in the 
new bank, which renewed the charter for 
twenty years and went into operation again 
with tlie same officers. 

During the civil war the bank closed up its 
atifairs and organized in 1865 under the Na- 
tional Banking laws, having previously oper- 
ated as a state bank. In 1868 they again 
chartered under state banking laws, aban- 
doning the national system. The career of 
the bank has been one of unvarying pros- 
perity excepting only a short period in 1817 
when the capital became impaired, owing to 
the financial troubles growing out of the de- 
pression following the war with Great Brit- 
ain, 1812-14. In 1855 the Mechanics' and 
Farmers' Savings Bank was incorporated with 
Thomas W. Olcott as the first president, suc- 
ceeded in 1880 by his son Dudley. While 
Mr. Olcott was eminently the man of atifairs. 
and held a position in the financial world 
second to none and was recognized as a great 
banker, his obligations to his city as a citizen 
did not rest lightly upon him. He was an 
active, as well as a leading member of the 
■boards of several of the public charitable 
and educational associations that have made 
Albany famous. His private benevolences 
were many and cannot be recorded ; his pub- 
lic service can. He was vice-president of 
the first board of directors of Albany Law 
School organized in 1851, the fourth school 
of its kind organized in the United States. 
In 1853 he was elected president of the board, 
continuing until his death in 1880. He was 
president of the first board of directors of 
Dudley Observatory, a scientific institution 
founded through the munificence of Mrs. 
Blandina Dudley, widow of Charles E. Dud- 
ley, with the co-operation of leading citizens 
of Albany. The observatory profited greatly 
through the generosity of Mr. Olcott and that 
of his sons, the latter furnishing the funds for 
refitting Olcott Meridian Circle (named for 
its donor), housing it in a suitable building 
and remounting it on the new site. He was 
president of the Albany Agricultural and Arts 
Association; president of Albany Hospital, in 
which he took a deep and lasting interest; 



trustee and president of Albany Girls' Acad- 
emy : trustee of the Boys' Academy ; presi- 
dent of Albany Cemetery Association. 

In addition to these institutions, all of which 
he served faithfully, giving largely of his rare 
executive ability and unerring judgment, his 
purse was ever open for all good causes, earn- 
ing jiini the title of the "most charitable man 
in Albany." Returning to his business life 
he was president of the Albany and West 
Stockbridge Railroad Company, afterward 
merged into the Boston & Albany system, and 
later trustee of the sinking fund commis- 
sion, appointed to retire the bonds issued 
by the city of Albany to aid in the construc- 
tion of the road. The retirement of these 
bonds was successfully accomplished under 
the guidance of Mr. Olcott and is still re- 
ferred to as the "greatest piece of financiering 
ever accomplished in Albany." When Sec- 
retary Chase was perfecting plans for a Na- 
tional Bank system he held frequent iiUer- 
views with Mr. Olcott and was largely guided 
by his wise counsel. In 1863 he declined a 
flattering offer from President Lincoln of the 
position of first comptroller of the currency, 
but he declined all public office except such 
as related to the promotion of education or 
other local interests. 

During his business life he developed a won- 
derful quality of quick, decisive action; strong 
in his opinions, he was always open to con- 
viction and ready to accept the views of 
others. His ability to judge human nature 
and read men was another marked quality. 
His courage was another attribute that rend- 
ered him conspicuous ; nothing daunted him 
and failure was a word with which he was 
unacquainted. He was identified with the 
Christian life of Albany as member and trus- 
tee of the Second Presbyterian Church. His 
political life was inconspicuous. In early life 
and up to i860 he was a Democrat; then for 
the remainder of his life a Republican. He 
was strongly Union in his sentiments and 
served on the committee having in charge 
the recruiting and equipping of the One Hun- 
dred and Thirteenth New York Regiment 
(Seventh Regiment, New York Volunteer Ar- 
tillery). His only other public offices that can 
be construed as political were as bridge com- 
missioner to select the site of the lower bridge 
across the Hudson at South Ferry street, and 
his appointment to the state board of regents. 
His home in Albany was in the midst of a plot 
of about three acres of ground and there he 
gratified his love for flowers and plants to 
the fullest extent and spent his hours of lei- 
sure in their cultivation. He was quiet, un- 
ostentatious and domestic in his tastes and 



136 



HUDSON AND IMOHAWK VALLEYS 



habits, giving little evidence of being the 
wealthy and distinguished financier. He died 
at his home in Albany in his eighty-fifth year, 
continuing his active business life until his 
last illness. 

He married Caroline, daughter of Daniel 
Pepoon, of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, August 
17, 1818. She died March 12, 1867. Chil- 
dren: I. Frederick Worth, born August 10, 
1820, died November 2, 1822. 2. Thomas, 
born December 31. 1821, died August 27, 
1873: married (first), April 3, 1844, Lucia 
Marvin Fowler, who died August 25, 1850; 
(second), October 5, 1853, Harriet M. Leon- 
ard, who died January 13, 1861 ; (third), Feb- 
ruary 19, 1863, Emma McClive. 3. John 
Josiah, born March 11, 1823, died April 10, 
1899. 4. Robert, born July 26, 1824, died 
May 10, 1859. 5. !Mary Marvin, born April 
II, 1826, died April 25, 1892. 6. Theodore, 
born May i, 1828, died February 27, 1907; 
married, October 2, 1856, Ann Hazleton May- 
nard. 7. Alexander, born August 10, 1829, 
died April 21, 1887; married. May 21, 1856, 
Catherine Amanda Mallory. 8. Grace, born 
April 5, 1834, died August 7, 1834. 9. Dud- 
ley, died in infancy. 10. Dudlev (2), see 
forward. 11. Frederick Pepoon, see forward. 

(VH) Dudley, son of Thomas Worth and 
Caroline (Pepoon) Olcott, was born in Al- 
bany, New York, September 21, 1838. He 
was educated in the Albany B(pys' Academy, 
and afterward attended the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic Institute in Troy, where he took a 
course in civil engineering. In 1858 he be- 
came connected with the Mechanics' and 
Farmers' Savings Bank, of Albany, as ac- 
countant. This position he held for seven 
years, when he became assistant cashier of 
the Mechanics' and Farmers' Bank, later cash- 
ier. For thirteen years he was casliier of this 
bank, until December 31, 1878, when he was 
chosen vice-president. In March, 1880, he 
was elected president, succeeding his father. 
LTnder his wise and able management the 
bank has continued its successful life, and is 
one of the strong, conservative financial in- 
stitutions of the state. He is thoroughly 
versed in the laws governing finance, is de- 
voted to the institution over which he pre- 
sides, and is recognized everywhere as one of 
the clearest-headed and ablest financiers of the 
state. He was president of the Alhany Bank- 
ers' Association, and represents the Mechan- 
ics' and Farmers' in the leading bank associa- 
tions of the country. In 1861 he toured Eu- 
rope, since which time his service has been 
continuous, saving only his annual summer 
vacation, which is sjient in Canada. The con- 
nection of the Olcotts, father and son, now 



covers the period of a full century, 1811 — 
191 1. Seventy-five of these years have seen 
them occupying the president's chair. This 
is both a wonderful and an unusual record, 
probably unequaled in point of continuous 
service. j\Ir. Olcott has no outside business 
interests although he is devoted to the welfare 
of many of the leading public institutions of 
Albany. He is a member of the board of gov- 
ernors of the Albany Hospital ; president of 
the Albany Cemetery Association ; trustee of 
Home for Aged Men; trustee of Albany Or- 
phan Asylum ; trustee of the Albany Academy 
for Girls, and aids other good causes by his 
influence and liberality. He served his state 
one term as paymaster general, appointed by 
Governor Fenton in 1867. He served the city 
of Albany as park commissioner, was treasur- 
er and later president of the commission dur- 
ing its entire existence. Politically he is a 
Republican, but his devotion to business pre- 
cludes all idea of public ofiice. He is a mem- 
ber of the Fort Orange and Country clubs, Al- 
bany, and of the Metropolitan. L'nion League, 
and Down Town clubs, of New York City. 
He is fond of the solitude of the great woods, 
and each summer, for the past thirty-one years 
has spent his vacation at Ristigouche river, 
Canada, where his favorite sport, salmon fish- 
ing, is his daily occupation. Mr. Olcott's home 
is the old family mansion in Albanv, in the 
midst of the beauties created and loved bv his 
father, which he perpetuates and continues in 
loving remembrance. He is unmarried. 

(\TI) Frederick Pepoon, son of Thomas 
Worth and Carolina (Pepoon) Olcott, finan- 
cier, who died at his home, "Round Top," 
near Bernardsville, New Jersey, April 15, 
1909, was born in Albany, New York, Febru- 
ary 23, 1841. Upon graduation from the Al- 
bany Academy he entered the bank of which 
his father was the head, and there secured 
the training and knowledge in financial mat- 
ters which characterized his business career 
and placed him in the highest rank of modern, 
conservative financial men. For a time he 
was engaged in the lumber business, also 
a partner with Blake Brothers & Company, 
bankers and brokers. In 1882 he accepted 
the nomination and was elected comptroller 
of the state of New York, which position 
he occupied for a term of two years. In 1884 
he declined the Democratic nomination for 
governor and accepted the presidency of the 
Central Trust Company, of New York City, 
where he remained until 1905; retiring in that 
year on account of ill-health to his favorite 
residence and farm, "Round Top," Bernards- 
ville, New Jersey. In addition to his connec- 
tion with the Central Trust Company, Mr. 






^J^^iiM'r/f^ 




'^^/'ai'criZ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



137 



Olcott was president of the Galveston, Hous- 
ton & Henderson Railroad, a director of the 
Delaware, Lackawanna & Western railroad 
and other railroads, of the Bank of America 
and of the Morristown Trust Company of 
New Jersey. Personally Mr. Olcott was 
known as a man of broad, philanthropic ten- 
dencies, taking personal interest in the politi- 
cal and social welfare of the community, and 
ever ready to assist those less successful in 
the battle of life. He was greatly interested 
in horticulture, and his gardens were famous 
for the production of choice plants and rare 
flowers. He was also a breeder of trotting 
horses. Mr. Olcott was a member of the 
L'nion League, New York Yacht, Metropoli- 
tan, Manhattan and Down Town clubs, of 
New York, and of the Morristown Club. He 
married Mary Esniay, by whom he is sur- 
vived, together with a son, Dudley, and one 
dauirhter. 



The Pruyn arms : "Shield : A 
PRUYN field of gold or saffron, on which 
are placed three martlets of natu- 
ral color, without beaks or feet, turned to the 
fore part (dexter side), one in the base of 
the shield and the remaining two in chief, at 
either side. Crest : A barred or tournament 
helmet adorned with a mantling of gold or 
safifron and black, on the top of which, on a 
twisted band (wreath) or diadem of the an- 
cient kings, of the same colors, between two 
wings of yellow or gold, is placed a martlet 
like those on the shield ; but having feet and 
beak, looking toward the dexter side, like 
all of these are seen depicted." (The last 
phrase refers to a drawing given on a Dutch 
parchment of 1527.) 

(I) Johannes (John) Pruyn. a Hollander, 
was the progenitor of the family in America. 
It is believed that his immediate family was 
confined to two sons, Francis (see forward), 
and Jacques. Jacus or Jacob. The latter was 
enrolled among the "Small Burghers" of New 
Amsterdam, April 18. 1657. He purchased 
a house and lot "outside of the Gate of this 
city" February 19, 1659, from Sybout Classen. 
Those of the first three generations in this 
country varied at times the spelling of the 
family name, appearing as Pruyn, Pruyne, 
Pryne and Pruen. 

(H) Francis Pruyn (who frequently wrote 
his name Pruen) was called Frans Jansen, be- 
ing the son of Johannes (John) Pruyn, and 
was in Albany with his wife, Aeltje (or Alida, 
as early as 1665, when he was a tailor. It is 
recorded that in 1668, representing Jacques 
Cornelise \'an Slyck. he conveyed a piece of 
property in the colony of Rensselaerwyck 



to one Jan Labatie, and later in the same year 
bought for himself a lot at the northwest cor- 
ner of Maiden Lane and James street. On 
February 19, 1686-87, he bought from Jo- 
hannes Clute and wife, Bata, for which he paid 
the sum of two and twenty beavers, a lot on 
Broadway, about the third south from Steuben 
street, running through to James street. His 
son, Johannes, afterwards occupied the house 
built thereon. Being a Papist, in January, 
1699, he refused to take the oath of allegi- 
ance to King \\'illiam, but expressed himself 
as willing to swear fidelity. However, Jo- 
hannes Pruyn, his son, subscribed. His wife, 
Alida, joined the Reformed Protestant Dutch 
church in 1683. She died September 20, 1704, 
and he died May 6, 1712. Children: Anna, 
married Warner van Yveren ; Johannes, born 
January 5, 1663, married, September, 1705, 
Emelia Sanders ; Hendrick, married Anna 
Hofmans ; Maria, married Elbert Gerritse ; 
Christine, married Johannes Gerritsen ; Made- 
leine, born January 8, 1676: Samuel, see for- 
ward; Helena, married Jacob Lansing; Frans, 
born September 28, 1683; married "Margar- 
ita"; Bernardine (Barentje), born April 11, 
1686; married John Evertsen ; Arnold 
(Arent), born May 24, 1688; married, No- 
vember 21, 1 714, Catryna Gansevoort. 

(HI) Samuel, son of Frans Jansen (Fran- 
cis ) and .-Xlida Pruyn, was born December 2, 
1677; buried January 27, 1752. In 1703 he 
was one of those "who furnishel labor or ma- 
terials for the Dominie's house." In 1720 his 
name appears on the list of freeholders in 
the old third ward of Albany. He lived, 
between 1703-27. at the northeast corner of 
Maiden Lane and James street. He married, 
January 15, 1704, Maria, born June 14, 1681, 
daughter of Jacob Cornelise and Jeanette 
(Quackenbush) Bogart. Children: Francis 
Samuelse, born March 15, 1705, see forward; 
Alida, baptized November 17, 1706; buried 
January 3, 1727; Jacob, baptized February 
10, 1712; buried June 27, 1752; Maria (or 
Maritie), baptized September 20, 1713; buried 
September 5, 1746; Johannes S., born July 

14, 1723; married Jannetie van Aalsteyn. 
(IV) Francis Samuelse, son of Samuel and 

Maria (Bogart) Pruyn, was baptized March 

15, 1705 (Jacob Bogart and Anna van Yveren, 
sponsors) ; died August 27, 1767. He was 
firemaster, 1731-32; assistant alderman, 1745- 
46, and alderman from the second ward. 1761- 
62. He married (first) .Anna ; (sec- 
ond) Alida, daughter of \\'arner and Anna 
(Pruyn) van Yveren, baptized August 6, 
1704. Children: Francis, born January 16, 
1 71 7; Anna, born October i. 1726. died 
young: Samuel, October 2, 1727, died young; 



138 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Samuel, September 15, 1728, married, Feb- 
ruary 7, 1756, Xeeltje Ten Eyck; Anna, April 

20, 1732, died in New York City, December 

21, 1747; Casparus, Alay 10, 1734, see for- 
ward) ; Johannes Francis, December 23, 1739; 
inarried Gertrude Ten Eyck ; died March 23, 
1815; Jacob Francis, July 22, 1744; married 
Hendricke Van Buren. 

(\') Casparus, son of Francis Samuelse 
and Alida (Van Yveren) Pruyn, was born 
May 10, 1734 (Jacob and Maria Pruyn, spon- 
sors). His name appears as lieutenant on the 
roll of the First Albany County Regiment; 
in 1785 he was an assessor of the second ward ; 
was some years an elder of the Reformed 
Dutch church, and this memorandum refers 
to his government aid: "This is to certify that 
Casparus Pruyn has due to him from the 
United States the sum of Seventy-one pounds 
four shillings specie, for work done for the 
use of the Indians, by the request of the 
Commissioners of Indian Affairs, in 1779- 1780. 
P. Van Rensselaer." He died October 7, 181 7. 
He married, December 19, 1762, Catherine 
Groesbeck, born May 8, 1737, died February 
17, 1788, daughter of David and Maria (Van- 
derpoel) Groesbeck. Children: Maria, born 
April 17, 1764, died March 14, 1821 ; Alida, 
January 12, 1765, died September 11, 1767; 
Franciscus, baptized September 16, 1767, died 
September 27, 1768; Francis Casparus, 
July 19, 1769, see forward; David, August 24, 
1771 ; married Huybertie Lansing; died Jan- 
aiary 20, 1843; Alida, December 11, 1773; 
Wiflem, March 11, 1776. 

(\T) Francis Casparus, son of Casparus 
and Catherine (Groesbeck) Pruyn, was born 
July 19, 1769, baptized by Dominie Eilardus 
Westerlo, with Samuel Pruyn and Neeltje 
Ten Eyck, sponsors, and died June 14, 1837. 
He married, August 30, 1791, Cornelia Dun- 
bar, born January 11, 1770, died July 12, 
1844, daughter of Levinus and Alargaret 
(Hansen) Dunbar, the latter being a niece of 
Mayor Hendrick Hansen. Children: Caspa- 
rus Francis, see forward ; Catharine, born 
January 3, 1794 ; married Adrian V'an Sant- 
voord ; Levinus, October 4, 1796; married 
Brachie (Bridget) Oblenis ; David, January 
26, 1799, died young; Margaret (twin to Da- 
vid), married William I. Pruyn; David, No- 
vember 20, 1801, lost at sea; Gertrude, mar- 
ried Samuel Randall ; Alida, married William 
Boardman : Maria, married David Bensen; 
Cornelia, married Owen Munson. 

(VII) Casparus Francis, son of Francis 
Casparus and Cornelia (Dunbar) Pruyn, was 
"born May 26, 1792; was baptized with Cas- 
parus Pruyn (grandfather) and Mary Pruyn 
(aunt), sponsors. When thirteen years old. 



he entered the office of the Van Rensselaer 
estate, his uncle, Robert Dunbar, being the 
agent to conduct affairs of the extensive prop- 
erty. When Mr. Dunbar resigned in 1835 
he was appointed agent for the manor. It was 
a position requiring considerable executive 
ability, and he filled the post with satisfaction. 
When General Stephen Van Rensselaer, the 
Patroon, died January 26, 1839, the estate was 
divided, that portion on the east shore of the 
Hudson river going to William Paterson Van 
Rensselaer, so Mr. Pruyn removed to Bath, 
Rensselaer county, to be in the vicinity, and 
became the agent of the "East Manor," con- 
tinuing as such until the autumn of 1844, 
when he resigned. He died February 11, 
1846. Mr. Pruyn was married by Rev. John 
M. Bradford, April 19, 1814, to Ann Hewson, 
born January 27, 1794, died February 12, 
1 84 1, daughter of Robert and Elizabeth 
(Fryer) Hewson, of Albany. Children: Rob- 
ert Hewson, born February 14, 1815, see for- 
ward) ; Francis, November 2, 1816; married 
Isabella Kirk; Elizabeth, December 16, 1818, 
died Februai-y 6, 1842; Cornelia, December 
5, 1820, married Charles Van Zandt; Mary, 
January 27, 1823, died young; Alida, March 
9, 1825, married, January 16, 1845, James C. 
Bell, died November 2, 1895; William Fryer, 
February 28, 1827, married Gertrude Dun- 
bar X'isscher; Edward Roggen, July 12, 1829; 
Augustus, October 23, 1831, married Catalina 
Ten Eyck ; Mary, April 3, 1834, married 
Montgomery Rochester, 

(VTII) Robert Hewson, son of Casparus 
Francis and Ann (Hewson) Pruyn, was born 
in Albany, February 14, 1815, and was bap- 
tized by the Rev. John Melancthon Bradford, 
pastor of the "North" Dutch Church. His 
home life in childhood trained him in rever- 
ence, patriotism and industry, attributes which 
gave him prominence in after years. In 1825 
he entered the Albany Academy, where his 
classical education under Dr. Theodoric Ro- 
meyn Beck and his education in the sciences 
under Professor Joseph Henry, the eminent 
scientist-discoverer, was most thorough. He 
then entered Rutgers' College, from which he 
was graduated in 1833. On leaving college he 
became a law student in the office of Hon. 
Abraham Van \'echten, a jurist of recognized 
ability ; city recorder, senator, assemblyman, 
attorney-general and member of the consti- 
tutional convention of 1821. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1836, and shortly after was ap- 
pointed attorney and counselor for the cor- 
poration of Albany, holding office for three 
years, and for a like period was a member 
of the city council, in which body he was one 
of the most active members in public affairs. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



139 



He was judge-advocate from 1841 to 1846, on 
"the staffs of Governors William H. Seward, 
William C. Bouck and Silas Wright, Jr.; 
member of assembly in 1848-49-50, from the 
third district of Albany county, a member 
of the Whig party. "In 1850, he was the 
\\'hig candidate for speaker of assembly. The 
Democracy had a tie vote with the Whigs, but 
it havmg become apparent to Mr. Pruyn that 
one of the ^^ hig members could not properly 
hold his seat, Mr. Pruyn abstaining from vot- 
ing, and the Democratic candidate was chosen. 
The appreciation of this high-minded course 
was shown shortly afterward. The speaker 
was called home by family affliction, and the 
Democrats elected Mr. Pruyn speaker pro tem- 
pore.' In 185 1 i\lr. Pruyn was again ap- 
pointed judge advocate-general, this time by 
Governor Washington Hunt. In 1854 he was 
again an assemblyman and chosen speaker. 
In that office he displayed courage and such 
marked justice that never was there a single 
one of his rulings in the chair appealed from. 
Governor Myron H. Clark, on i\Iarch 5, 1855, 
ap{)ointed him adjutant-general, and in i860, 
when there was intense e.xcitement in politics, 
he came within si.xty-two votes of being elect- 
ed to the assembly, although the Lincoln elec- 
toral ticket had tenfold that majority in that 
district against it. 

President Lincoln appointed ^Nlr. Pruyn 
United States minister to Japan, as successor 
to the Hon. Townsend Harris, in September, 
1861, who was the first diplomatic representa- 
tive of any country to that isolated kingdom. 
It was at a time when it was most essential 
for this country to be represented by a man 
of firmness and possessing strong convictions 
of his own in order to maintain an equality 
among the great powers. There being no cable 
communication, nor even steamship inter- 
course at that time, the minister was largely 
left to exert his own resourcefulness and re- 
sponsibility more largely rested on him than 
on the diplomats sent later by this country. 
It was common occurrence that if an inquiry 
regarding the policy to be pursued on a certain 
feature were sent to Washington, the reason 
for it might have so changed by the time of 
receiving the reply, that the minister found 
it necessary to act along a far dift'erent course. 
He was thus forced to contest for influence 
among the trained diplomats of the world, 
and while the task was undoubtedly enormous, 
even so much higher in the public's estima- 
tion did he rise. In 1863 two naval e.xpedi- 
tions were undertaken against the transgress- 
ing Daimio of Chosu, whose vessels had fired 
on the American merchant steamer "Pem- 
broke." The allied forces in the latter en- 



gagement demolished the fortifications of 
Chosu, and Mr. Pruyn demanded an indemnity 
of three million dollars or, in lieu, the opening 
of new ports. Later the sum of $i,5oo,cxx) 
was turned over to the state department 
at \\'ashington, and the effect of the Ameri- 
can representative's insistence was so salutary 
that it exerted a lasting benefit, opening the 
eyes of Japan as a nation to white man's 
methods so as to be the true initiative of its 
desire for education and the modem methods 
of the powers. Minister Pruyn became an 
authority for all America on the arts and in- 
stitutions of Japan, and in apprising the state 
department through his voluminous reports on 
his observations and reasons for his acts, 
furnished much beneficial information. On his 
return to the L'nited States in 1867, Minister 
Pruyn was the candidate for lieutenant-gov- 
ernor, but was not elected, and an attack of 
diphtheria at the time caused him to retire 
from public life for a few years. In 1872 
Governor John T. Hoffman appointed him 
on a non-partisan commission to frame amend- 
ments to the state constitution, and this im- 
portant body made him its presiding officer. 

Mr. Pruyn was chosen the president of the 
National Commercial Bank of Albany, an in- 
stitution noted for its soundness throughout 
the civil war, when it afforded great aid to 
the government, and for more than half a 
century it has continued to be a depository 
for the general funds of the state. He was 
vice-president of the Albany Savings Bank, 
a trustee of the Metropolitan Trust Com- 
pany, of New York City ; trustee of Rutgers' 
College ; president of the board of directors 
of the Dudley Observatory ; vice-president 
of the board of trustees of the Albany Medical 
College, and on the executive committee of 
the State Normal College ; member of The 
Albany Institute, and of the Young Men's 
Association, being its president in 1838, and 
a governor of the Fort Orange Club. He 
was made a Mason in Master's Lodge. No. 
5, before he left for Japan, and upon his re- 
turn was connected with the Ancient and 
Accepted Scottish Rite, delivering the ora- 
tion at the dedication of the Temple in Sep- 
tember. 1875. 

He brought from Japan a great number of 
rare art treasures, and his collection of carved 
ivories is regarded as one of the finest in the 
world. He received the degree of M..A. from 
Rutgers in 1865, and of LL.D. from Williams. 
He was devoted to his church and advanced 
its work very materially, and all who knew 
him bear witness to his honor, charity and 
unusual qualities of intellect. He died Sun- 
day, February 26, 1882, of embolism of the 



140 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



brain, and was buried in the family lot in 
the Rural Cemetery on the 28th. 

Mr. Pruyn married, November 9, 1841, 
Jane Ann, born June 28, 181 1, daughter of 
Gerrit Yates and Helen (Ten Eyck) Lansing. 
Children : Edward Lansing, born August 2, 
1843, died in San Francisco, February 8, 
1862; Robert Clarence (q. v.), born in Al- 
bany, October 23, 1847; Helen Lansing, Sep- 
tember 13. 1849, died May 5, 1854; Charles 
Lansing, born in Albany, December 2, 1852. 

(IX) Charles Lansing, son of Robert Hew- 
son and Jane Anne (Lansing) Pruyn, was 
born in Albany, December 2, 1852. He took 
the entire course of study at the Albany Boys' 
Academy, and graduated in 1868. He then 
entered the scientific department of Rutgers 
College, and graduated in the class of 1871. 
This college later bestowed on him the degree 
of ]\LS. Mr. Pruyn was fond of outdoor ex- 
ercise, and took an active part in the creation 
of the Ridgefield Athletic Association, being 
one of its founders who secured the funds 
for the field and club-house where the young 
men of Albany might enjoy healthy exer- 
cises. He was closely concerned in the inter- 
ests of the Albany Academy as trustee, and 
aided the students in the acquisition of an out- 
door rink for winter sports, created in the 
rear of the building, which induced the young 
men to spend their recreation hours within the 
influence of the school. Mr. Pruyn was a val- 
ued member of the boards of many of the 
leading institutions, where his advice was ap- 
preciated. He was for many years the presi- 
dent of the Albany Embossing Company, a 
local enterprise which was rapidly expanding, 
and of the Albany Forge, a new concern for 
the city. He was a director of the State Nor- 
mal College: a trustee of the Albany .Savings 
Bank ; a director of the New York State Na- 
tional Bank ; of the Union Trust Company, of 
the Albany Medical College and of the Dud- 
ley Observatory. He was a member of the 
Albany Institute and Historical and Art So- 
ciety ; the University and Albany Country 
clubs, and president of the Fort Orange Club. 
He served some years as a park commissioner 
of the city of Albany. Mr. Pruyn was of a 
genial, courteous, lovable disposition, and not 
a person in the entire city had a greater num- 
ber of firm friends in the professional and 
business comnuuiity. He was fond of the arts 
and refinements of life, and helpful to others 
in a marked degree. His was a life regarded 
by all as one beyond reproach and worthy of 
emulation. He and his family resided for 
some years on Willett street, facing Wash- 
ington Park, wherein were many of the ob- 
jects of art brought from Japan by his father, 



as well as a number of paintings by such 
artists as Diaz, Myer von Bremen, Cole and 
Huntington. From there they removed to the 
more spacious residence. No. 5 Elk street, 
with a charming outlook upon the Academy 
Park, and finally he purchased the hand- 
some house of the late J. Howard King, No. i 
Park place. He had also a summer residence, 
attractive in itself and location, at Altamont, 
some fourteen miles from Albany, and it was- 
there that he died, after a brief illness, July 
7, 1906. 

Mr. Charles Lansing Pruyn married, Oc- 
tober II, 1877, Elizabeth Atwood, born Oc^ 
tober 31, 1853, daughter of William Trimble 
and Elizabeth Mary (x\twood) McClintock, 
of Chillicothe, Ohio. They had three children. 
She died December 20, 1884, and to her mem- 
ory he erected the altar and reredos in St. 
Peter's Church, which is so generally ad- 
mired. He married (second), October 20, 
1886, Sarah Gibson, born December 25, 1851, 
daughter of Sebastian Visscher and_ Olivia 
Maria (Shearman) Talcott. (See Talcott 
IX.) Children, by first wife: i. Elizabeths 
McClintock, born June 14, 1S78. 2. Jane 
Anne Lansing, born in Albany, December 
15, 1880; married, April 20, 1902, P'ranklin 
Townsend, born in Albany, son of the late 
Dr. Franklin and Margaret (Reynolds) 
Townsend : children : Franklin, born in Al- 
bany, February, 1904: Charles Lansing, born- 
in Albany, January, 1906. 3. Sarah McClin- 
tock, born in Albany, November 17, 1884,. 
died July 22, 1885. Children by second wife:. 
4. Caspar Lansing, born September 29, 1887, 
see forward. 5. Olivia Shearman Talcott, 
born in .Mbany, October 25, 1892. 

(X) Caspar Lansing, son of Charles Lan- 
sing and Sarah Gibson (Talcott) Pruyn, 
was born in Albany, September 29, 1887. He 
was educated at liie .Albany Academy and 
the Lawrenceville School. Thereafter he 
went to Princeton College in the class of 
191 1, but had to leave the second year on 
account of illness. After leaving college he 
devoted bis attention to the fire insurance 
business. A member of St. Peter's Church, 
a Pepublican in politics. He married, April 
22, 1909, Helen, born September 29, 1888, 
the daughter of Peter Ham and Delia (Fri- 
day) I.athrop, of Albany. 

Criu- Taloitl I.iiu). 
TIk- family name of Talcott is derived 
from the Welsh "tal," high, and "cott, cot, 
cote," Anglo-Saxon, meaning cottage, that 
is, a high cottage or a cottage on a high 
place; i. e., cottage on the hill: or it may 
have come from the .Saxon "toll," a grove, and 




I 



HUDSON AND MOH.WMv VALLEYS 



141 



"cott," cottage in the grove. The correct 
spelling of the name has been the subject 
of much controversy. Examining the writing 
of the first known ancestor, it is found that 
in the body of his will, John, of Colchester, 
England, 1606, he spelled it "Taylcot," and 
also "Talcoat," signing it "Taylcot," and his 
wife wrote it in her will "Talcoat." His son, 
John, of Braintree, wrote it in his will "Taile- 
coat," and his son, John, of Hartford, wrote 
it in his will "Tallcott." and his wife, Doro- 
thy, signed hers "Talcott." In the Heralds 
College, London, it appears in the records 
spelled "Talcot," and that dates back to 1558; 
but in 1634 it appears there as "Talcott." 
Sebastian V. Talcott, in his genealogical vol- 
ume, groups quite a few under each of these 
divisions : Tailcot, Tailecot, Talcoat, Talcot, 
Talcott, Tailcot, Tallcott and Taylcot. The 
pronounced form in use throughout the nine- 
teenth century in America has been Talcott. 

The Talcott arms : x^rgent on a pale sable, 
three roses of the field. Crest : A demi-griffin 
erased. Argent, gorged with a collar sable, 
charged with three roses of the first. Motto : 
Virtus sola nobilitas. The family was origi- 
nally of Warwickshire, England. Previous 
to 1558, John, a descendant from this family, 
was living in Colchester, Essex county. In 
the British Museum one may examine the 
Harlean Manuscripts containing the Herald's 
visitation of Esse.x county, in 1558, and find 
the Talcott arms and pedigree. 

(I) John Talcott, the first known of the 
name, resided in Colchester, Essex county, 
England, where he possessed real estate and 
considerable personal property. He was twice 
married, and had two sons by the first wife, 
John and Robert, and also a daughter. John 
settled in Braintree, about fourteen miles from 
Colchester, and died there in 1604, before his 
father, leaving a family of children, all 
minors, the eldest of whom was John, who 
came to New England. Robert became an al- 
derman and justice of the peace in Colchester. 
By his second wife he had two sons, Thomas 
and John, and four daughters. Thomas was 
rector of the churches of St. Mary and Mile 
End, in Colchester, and chaplain to the Earl 
Marshal. John, living at the same period with 
his half-brother, John, went to Spain, and was 
a merchant in Madrid. The five daughters 
of John (of Colchester) married and resided 
in or near that place. He died about No- 
vember I. 1606, in Colchester, England, and 
his lengthy will was probated on the twelfth 
day of that same month. He married (first) 
a Wells, and had three children; (second) 
Marie Pullen, and had six children. Children : 
I. John, see forward. 2. Robert, married 



Joanna Drake, and died in 1641. 3. A daugh- 
ter, married Barnard, and had John 

and Mary. 4. Thomas, married Margaret 
Biggs, of Suffolk county. 5. Grace, married 
John Death, after 1606. 6. Joanna, married 
Knewstuble. after 1606. 7. Marie, mar- 
ried Marshall, before 1606. 8. Eme, 

married Thomas Adler, before 1606. 9. John, 
left for Madrid, Spain. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) and 

(Wells) Talcott, was born probably in Col- 
chester, England, previous to 1558. He died 
in Braintree. about fourteen miles from the 
place of his birth, in the early part of 1604. 
His wife was Anne, daughter of William 
Skinner. Children: i. John, see forward. 2. 
Rachel, died unmarried in 1623. 3. Anne. 
4. Mary, married (possibly) Bagot Eggleston, 
in England, and came with him to Dorchester, 
in 1630. 5. Grace, unmarried in 1623. 6. 
Sarah, unmarried in 1623. 

( HI) John (3), son of John (2) and Anne 
(Skinner) Talcott, was born in Braintree, 
Essex county, England. He was left a minor 
on the death of his father, in 1604, and was 
an only son. He came to Boston with the 
Rev. Mr. Hooker's company in the ship 
"Lion," commanded by Captain Mason, which 
sailed from England. June 22, 1632, with one 
hundred and twenty-three passengers, and ar- 
rived there on Sunday, September 16, 1632. 
This company settled first in Newtown or 
Newton (Cambridge), Massachusetts, and he 
was admitted a freeman by the general court 
at Boston, November 6, 1632 ; was a repre- 
sentative in the general court for Newtown, 
May 14, 1634, and chosen selectman Febru- 
ary 4, 1634. He was the fifth greatest pro- 
prietor of houses and lands in the town, out 
of eighty enumerated in the registry of 1634, 
"of those only who were considered towns- 
men." He owned four houses in what was 
called the "west end," and maintained in re- 
pair thirty-si.x rods of public fence. The peo- 
ple of Rev. Mr. Hooker's company becoming 
dissatisfied with the location, obtained per- 
mission from the general court to remove to 
the Connecticut river, whereupon, the petition 
being granted, John Talcott sold all his prop- 
erty in Newtown to Nicholas Danforth, May 
I, 1636, and left with about one hundred 
of the company. He had the carpenter, Nicho- 
las Clark, go there a year ahead, and build 
him a residence on the site where the North 
Church stood in 1876, which was the first 
house erected in Hartford, Connecticut. He 
gained considerable prominence there, and was 
styled "The Worshipful Mr. John Talcott." 
He was one of a committee appointed May i, 
1637, to consider and report on the propriety 



142 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



of a war with the Pequot Indians, and it was 
accordingly declared. Up to the time of his 
death, he was one of the chief magistrates 
of the colony. He died in Hartford, in March, 
1660, and his name was inscribed upon a 
monument erected by citizens to perpetuate 
the memory of the founders of the Colony 
of Connecticut. He married Dorothy, daugh- 
ter of Alark and Frances (Gutter) Mott, of 
Braintree, England, and she died in Hartford, 
Connecticut, in February, 1670. Children: 
I. i\Iary, married Rev. John Russell, June 28, 
1649: died about 1655. 2. John, married 
(first) Helena Wakeman, October 29, 1650; 
(second) Mary Cook, November 9. 1676; died 
July 23, 1688. 3. Samuel, see forward. 

(IV) Captain Samuel, son of John (3) and 
Dorothy (Mott) Talcott, was born about 1634- 
35, probably in Newtown (Cambridge), 
Massachusetts, died in Wethersfield, Connec- 
ticut, November 10, 1691. He was one of 
the original proprietors of the town of Glas- 
tonbury, Connecticut, and owned the lot pur- 
chased by his father in 1643, still owned, in 
1876, by his descendants. He was graduated 
from Harvard in 1658, and was the scholar 
of the family, consequently his father be- 
queathed to him all his books, except his 
"Martyr Book," which he left to John. From 
these two sons, Samuel and John, are de- 
scended all of the Talcott name in America. 
Samuel was commissioner for Wethersfield 
from 1669 to 1684; deputy to the general 
court from 1670 to 1684, and was its secretary 
during the session of October, 1684. He was 
made lieutenant of Wethersfield trained band 
on May 12, 1677; lieutenant of the troop, Oc- 
tober 14, 1679, and captain of the troop of 
Hartford company, October 16, 1681. He 
married, November 7, 1661, Hannah, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Elizur and Mary (Pynchon) Hol- 
yoke. Children: i. Samuel, born in 1662; 
married Mary Ellery; died April 28, 1698. 2. 
John, born in 1663, died young, after 1691. 
3. Hannah, born in 1665, married Major John 
Chester, November 25, 1686; died July 23, 
1741. 4. Elizur, born July 31, i66g; married 

Sarah . 5. Joseph, born February 20, 

1671 ; married Sarah Deming, April 5, 1701 ; 
died November 3, 1732. 6. Benjamin, born 
March i, 1674, see forward. 7. Rachel, born 
April 2, 1676: married Peter Bulkley, March 
21, 1700; died November 22, 1702; no chil- 
dren. 8. Nathaniel, born January 28, 1678; 

married Elizabeth , March 18, 1703; 

died January 30, 1758. 

- (V) Deacon Benjamin, son of Captain 
Samuel and Hannah (Holyoke) Talcott, was 
born in Wethersfield, Connecticut, March i, 
1674, died at his homestead in Glastonbury, 



Connecticut, November 12, 1727. He had re- 
moved to that place and built a house into 
which he moved on November 22, 1699, it 
being the farm inherited from his father, pur- 
chased of Samuel Sherman in 1643. The- 
house was a large building on Main street, 
and was fortified as a place of refuge for the 
family from Indians. When taken down, in 
1854, there were quantities of bullet marks in 
its walls. He married, January 5, 1699, Sa- 
rah, daughter of John and Sarah (Goodrich) 
Hollister, whose father had come from Bris- 
tol, England, and settled in Wethersfield in 

1642, and was admitted freeman, May 10, 

1643. She died in child-bed, October 15, 
1715, at Glastonbury, Connecticut. Children: 
I. Sarah, born October 30, 1699; married 
Jonathan Hale, November 28, 1717; died July 
15, 1743. 2. Benjamin, born June 27, 1702; 
married Esther Lyman, August 26, 1724; 
died March 9, 1785. 3. John, born December 
17, 1704; married Lucy Burnham, in 1731 ; 
died August 25, 1745. 4. Hannah, born Oc- 
tober 16, 1706; married Benjamin Hale, Jan- 
uary 30, 1729; died February 6, 1796. 5. 
Samuel, born February 12, 1708; married 
Hannah ]\Ioseley, October 5, 1732; died Sep- 
tember 26, 1768. 6. Elizur, born December 
31, 1709; see forward. 7. Mehitabel, born 
July 17, 1713; married Hezekiah Wright, 
November 29, 1733; died April 20, 1781. 8. 
Abigail, born October 10, 1715, died October 
28, 1715. 

(\T) Colonel Elizur, son of Deacon Ben- 
jamin and Sarah (Hollister) Talcott, was 
born at the homestead in Glastonbury, Con- 
necticut, December 31, 1709, died there No- 
vember 24, 1797. He was a man of wealth 
and note in his day, possessing lands in vari- 
ous localities, and a principal owner of the 
"Connecticut tract" on the Susquelianna river, 
which he lost through a defect in its title. 
He was the chairman of a meeting held in 
Glastonbury, which denounced the "Boston 
Port Bill" ; held a commission as colonel of a 
troop of horse previous to and during the 
revolution, and served as such with the Con- 
necticut forces on Long Island ; was in New 
York when the British army marched in, but 
was taken home ill, on a litter. He married, 
December 31, 1730, Ruth, only child of Daniel 
and Elinor (Benton) Wright, a descendant of 
Thomas Wright, who came from England and 
was in Wethersfield in 1639. She died at the 
homestead, September 12, 1791. Children: 
I. Ruth, born October 17, 1731, died Sep- 
tember 10, 1747. 2. Prudence, born June 6, 
1734, died October 18, 1752. 3. Rachel, horn 
August I, 1736, died May 14, 1807. 4. Elizur, 
born August 27, 1738, died February 16, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



143 



1750. 5. Isaac, born August 29, 1740, died 
August 6, 181 5. 6. Daniel, born May 8, 1743, 
died February 12, 1748. 7. George, born No- 
vember 30, 1745, died February 22, 1750. 8. 
Daniel, born July 27, 1748, died December 3, 

1 75 1. 9. Elizur, born December 17, 1750, 
died November 28, 1831. 10. Ruth, born May 
II, 1753, died June 4, 1821. 11. George, born 
September 30, 1755, see forward. 12. Pru- 
dence, born December 2, 1757, died November 
20, 1839. 

(VH) George, son of Colonel Elizur and 
Ruth (Wright) Talcott, was born in Glaston- 
bury, Connecticut, September 30, 1755, died 
there, June 13, 1813. He was a farmer and 
lived in the old homestead which descended to 
him from his grandfather, Benjamin Talcott. 
He served in the revolution and was present 
at the retreat of the American forces on Long 
Island. He married (first), March 16, 1777, 
Vienna, daughter of Jeremiah and Rebecca 
(Dart) Bradford. She was born November 
5' I7S7' died August 17, 1785, and by her 
he had his first four children. He married 
(second) Abigail, daughter of John and Abi- 
gail (Deming) Goodrich. She died in Glas- 
tonbury, June 22, 1854, and by her he had 
six children, making ten in all. Children: i. 
Harriet, born January 7, 1778, died October 
9, 1839. 2. Fanny, born January 8, 1780, died 
April 16, 1845. 3. Rebecca, born March i, 
1782, died January 4, 1794. 4. Julia, born 
May 9, 1785, died November 17, 1785, 5. 
George, born December 6, 1786, see forward. 
6. Russell, born September 22, 1788, died Sep- 
tember 26, 1818. 7. Lavinia, born August 8, 
1700, died February 13, 1857, 8, Abigail, born 
July 7, 1792, died .\pril 18, 1840. 9. Jared 
G., born April 17, 1795, 10. Andrew, bom 
April 20, 1797. 

(VIII) General George (2), son of George 
(i) and Abigail (Goodrich) Talcott, was 
born at the homestead in Glastonbury, Con- 
necticut, December 6, 1786, died at his resi- 
dence. No. 748 Broadway, Albany, New York, 
April 25, 1862. He entered the L^nited States 
army during the war of 1812, from New York, 
as a lieutenant, and was stationed on the 
islands of New York harbor ; was almost im- 
mediately promoted to a captaincy in the ord- 
nance corps, first commanding at the Albany 
arsenal (which later became district school 
No. 13), then at Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
and while there constructed the Watertown 
arsenal ; thence went to Pittsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, taking command of the Alleghany ar- 
senal near there, whence he was orrlered to the 
Watervliet arsenal near Albany, where he re- 
mained in command, having been promoted to 
the brevet rank of major for ten years of 



faithful service; on the reorganization of the 
ordnance corps in 1832, was appointed its lieu- 
tenant-colonel, and shortly thereafter was 
made inspector of arsenals and armories; 
during President Van Buren's administration 
he was given charge of the Washington bu- 
reau as acting chief, holding that position 
until the death of Colonel George Bomford, 
March 26, 1848, when he was promoted to 
the full rank of colonel and chief of the ord- 
nance corps. His commission as brevet briga- 
dier-general "for meritorious services, particu- 
larly in relation to the Mexican War," was 
dated March 3, 1849. He married, November 
17, 1810, Angelica, daughter of Isaac Henry 
and Catlilina Visscher (widow of Samuel' 
Reed) Bogart. She died in Albany, Septem- 
ber I, 1861. Children: i. George Henry, born 
July 16, 181 1 : married Catharine J. Starke,. 
November 9, 1843; f^i^d June 8, 1854. 2. Se- 
bastian Visscher, born November 24, 1812, see- 
forward. 

(IX) Sebastian \'isscher, son of General 
George (2) and Angelica (Bogart) Talcott, 
was born in New York City, November 24, 
1812. He entered Yale College in 1829, and 
left it in the sophomore year for a more ac- 
tive life, adopting the profession of civil en- 
gineer. He was employed in this capacity by 
the United States government on the sur- 
vey of the boundary between the United 
States and Canada, and also was engaged on 
improvement work of the Hudson river near 
Albany. He made the primary surveys for 
the Erie railroad near its western terminal 
at Dunkirk, then on the government survey 
of the "northeastern boundary" ; subsequently 
on improvement work at the mouth of the 
Mississippi, and an elaborate survey of the 
coast under Professor Hassler. Completing 
this work, he was appointed assistant super- 
intendent of mineral lands on Lake Superior, 
and subsequently engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness, but relinquished it for his profession. 
Governor Horatio Seymour, in 1862, ap- 
pointed him quartermaster-general of the 
state of New York, with the rank of 
brigadier-general. His residence was No. 
748 Broadway, Albany, where he died 
November 10, 1888. He married, No- 
vember 23, 1843, Olivia Maria, only 
child of Robert (bom September 10, 1790) 
and Anna Maria (Sherman) Shearman, of 
L^tica. She was born October 14, 1823, died 
January 29, 1888. Children: i. George, born 
October 6, 1844, died April 30, 1895 ; he vvas- 
a lieutenant in the United States navy, 1876; 
married, June 2},, 1870, Mary Isabel Hyde, 
daughter of J. J. Downing, of Erie, Penn- 
sylvania ; children : i. Winifred Downing, born: 



144 



HUDSON AND iMOHAWK \-ALLEYS 



April 17. 1880, married, October 30, 1895, 
Lucian D. Cabanne ; children : Isabel Down- 
ing, born November 27, 1896, and Doris Tal- 
•cott, born July 29, 1898; ii. Gladys Frank, 
■born August 29, 1884, died September 5, 
1885. 2. Angelica Bogart, born February 24, 
1846; married, September 11, 1866, Clarence 
Rathbone ; children : i. Albert Rathbone, born 
July 27, 1868, married Emma Maria Olcott, 
April 14, 1892 ; children : Grace Olcott, born 
December 9. 1893, and Anna Talcott, born 
August 17, 1897; ii. Joel Rathbone, born Sep- 
tember 12, 1869. married. October 18, 1894, 
Josephine Norwood ; child, Norwood, born July 
26, 1895 ; iii. Angelica Talcott Rathbone, born 
March 13, 1871, married, December 31, 1899, 
Dr. Charles R. S. Putnam ; child, Patrick ; iv. 
Ethel Rathbone, born December, 1877, mar- 
ried, March, 1907, in Paris, Jean ]Marty; v. 
Franklin Townsend Rathbone, born Decem- 
"ber 22, 1879. 3. Robert Shearman, born Octo- 
"ber 2^. 1847; married, May 18, 1870, Mattie 
D., daughter of Dr. William H. Barclay, of 
Philadelphia. 4. Anna Maria, born October 
17, 1849. 5- Sarah Gibson, born December 
:25, 185 1 ; married Charles Lansing Pruyn 
((see Pruyn IX). 



(VI) David Pruyn, fifth child of 
PRUYN* Lieutenant Casparus (q. v.) and 
Catherine (Groesbeckj Pruyn, 
was born in Albany, New York, August 24, 
1771, died January 20, 1843. At the time 
of the division of the Great or Collegiate 
Consistory of the Dutch Church of Albany in 
November, 1815, David Pruyn was deacon. 
The Second Reformed Church then separa- 
ted from the mother organization and he went 
•with the Second Church. He was during 
his subsequent years a deacon and elder of 
that congregation, and at his death presiding 
•elder. He was married, by Rev. John Bas- 
sett, February 27, 1794, to Huybertie Yates 
iLansing, born July 26, 1773, died September 
2, 1855, daughter of Christopher and Sarah 
'(Yan Schaick) Lansing, of Albany. She 
was granddaughter of John \'an Schaick and 
his wife. Alida Bogart, and great-granddaugh- 
ter of Jacob Bogart and Catalyna, daughter 
■of Peter Davidse Schuyler and his wife, Alida 
Van Slichtcnhorst. This line again relates 
the Pruyns with the ancient Schuyler family. 
■"Mrs. David Pruyn (Huybertie Lansing) was 
most eminent in all works of charity and pie- 
ty. She was mainly instrumental in estab- 
lishing Sunday schools in .Albany, going to 
New York in 181 5 to consult with Dr. Beth- 

*This narrative is from a record prepared liy 
John V. L. Pruyn, Jr., published in the "New 
"York Genealogical and Biographical Record." 



une, the so-called founder of the American 
system of Sunday schools. In June, 1816, 
with Mrs. Christian Miller, she opened a Sun- 
day school for girls in Albany, and to her 
the church was indebted for very much abun- 
dant and profitable service. Though rather 
delicate in physique, she was incessant in her 
visitation of the sick and poor. She was an 
energetic organizer and leader of the Female 
Bible, Dorcas and Tract societies of Albany. 
The Woman's Prayer Meeting (still a fea- 
ture of the church services) had its origin in 
her suggestion. Religion seemed woven into 
the texture of her being, enveloping her as 
an atmosphere, the heart life of her existence." 
Children of David and Huybertie (Lansing) 
Pruyn : Christopher Lansing, died in infancy ; 
Sarah, born August 5, 1796, died in infancy; 
Lansing, born December 12, 1797, died aged 
two years: Catherine, born December i, 1800, 
died in infancy ; Alida, born September 2, 
1801, died in infancy; John \'an Schaick, twin 
of Alida, died in infancy ; Catherine, born 
February 14, 1803, died April 6, 1885 ; Lans- 
ing, born September 30, 1805, died Novem- 
ber 15. 1877; married, June 30, 1834, Anna 
Mary Saltus and had children ; he was a lead- 
ing merchant and citizen of Albany ; Casparus, 
born April 2, 1809, died in infancy; John 
\'an Schaick, Lansing, see forward. 

(ATI) John \"an Schaick Lansing. LL.D., 
(known as John V. L. Pruyn), youngest child 
of David and Huybertie (Lansing) Pruyn, 
was born in Albany, New York, June 22, 
181 1, died at Clifton Springs, New York, 
November 21, 1877. He had a most brilliant 
and useful career in both public and profes- 
sional life, being skilled in the law. He was 
state senator, a member of congress, and 
chancellor of the L^niversity of the State of 
New York. As the foregoing pages show 
he was of the best Dutch ancestry. His 
maternal grandfather, Christopher Lansing, 
was quartermaster of General Schuyler's reg- 
iment in the revolutionary war, and a man 
of high character. On the maternal side he 
descended from the Van Schaicks, Yates, Bo- 
garts. Van Slichtenhorsts, \^erplancks and 
Schuylers. On the paternal side he also de- 
scended from the Bogarts, \'erplancks and 
Schuylers, as well as from the Groesbecks 
and Van der Poels. His great-grandmother, 
Huybertie Yates, mother of Christopher Lan- 
sing, was sister of Hon. Abraham Yates, 
mayor of Albany from 1790 to 1796, whose 
fidelity to the principles of Jefferson procured 
for him the name of "the Democrat," and 
who wrote the famous political articles signed 
the "Rough Hewer." A flirect though some- 
what remote ancestor was Brant Arentse Van 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



145 



Slichtenhorst, of Nykerk, in Geklerland, who 
was appointed in 1646 during- the minority of 
the young' patroon, director of the Colonie of 
Rensselaerwyck. jiresident of the court of jus- 
tice, and general superintendent, with full 
powers to manage the \'an Rensselaer estate. 
John \'. L. Pruyn's character was moulded by 
his most excellent mother, and one of the 
beautiful features of his life was his devo- 
tion to her. He received his early education 
in private scliools. and entered the Albany 
Academy in 1824, where he completed a full 
course of study. The noted Theodoric Ro- 
meyn Beck, I\LD., LL.D., was principal of the 
academy during the years he spent there. Im- 
mediately after leaving the academy he en- 
tered the law office of James King, at that 
time one of .-Mbany's most eminent lawyers, 
later a regent of the University of New York, 
and who in 1839 became chancellor. Mr. 
Pruyn became his private and confidential 
clerk and remained as such several months 
after being admitted to the bar. He was ad- 
mitted as attorney in the supreme court of 
New York and a solicitor in the court of chan- 
cery. January 13. 1822. This latter court ad- 
mitted him a counsellor May 21, 1833, and 
the supreme court January 17. 1835. While 
still a young lawyer he was counsel for some 
of the parties to the famous "James Will 
Case," which gave him both reputation and 
experience. In 1833 he formed a law part- 
nership with Henry H. Martin, who had been 
a fellow student in the office of Mr. King. 
The firm name was Pruyn & Martin. On 
May z-j. 1833, he was appointed by Governor 
Marcy an examiner in chancery, and Febru- 
ary 10, 1836. a master in chancery. Three 
days later Chancellor Walworth designated 
him as injunction master for the third cir- 
cuit, all highly responsible positions, which 
showed how he had gained the confidence and 
respect of those in authority. February 21, 
1848, he was admitted to practice in the Uni- 
ted States supreme court at Washington, and 
April 9, 1856, to practice before the United 
States court of claims. In 1853 he had prac- 
tically withdrawn from the practice of his pro- 
fession, politics and corporation service tak- 
ing his entire time. In 185 1 he became a 
director of the Albany City Bank and sub- 
sequently vice-president. In 185 1 he formed 
a law partnership with John H. Reynolds 
(Mr. Martin, his former partner, having been 
appointed cashier of the Albany City Bank), 
one of the most brilliant lawyers of the day. 
The partnership continued until 1853, when 
Mr. Pruyn's railroad relations became so im- 
portant that he could not longer give the law 
his personal attention. 



In 1835 he was chosen counsel and a 
director of the Mohawk & Hudson Railway, 
the first railway successfully operated in .\m- 
erica. In 1853 steps were taken to amalga- 
mate the various railway corporations (about 
ten in number) between Albany and Buf- 
falo into one corporate body. Mr. Pruyn in 
person concluded the proceedings and drew 
up the "consolidation agreement," in some re- 
spects the most important business document 
ever drawn in the state. The new corpora- 
tion was the New York Central railroad, and 
he was chosen secretary, treasurer and general 
counsel. He continued in this capacity and 
also a director of the road until i86fi, when 
the Corning management was voted out by 
the \"anderbilts. Me had now acquired a com- 
fortable competence an<l henceforth devoted 
himself to other and more congenial pursuits. 
He was deeply interested in political science, 
though not in the vulgar sense a politician. 
He was a Democrat of the "Old School." 
When the civil war broke out he at once took 
sides with the north, and did all a conscien- 
tious citizen should do to honor and defend 
the constitution. At the fall election of 1861 
he was elected state senator. He accepted the 
nomination upon the express condition that 
neither he or any of his friends should be 
called upon to contribute a single dollar to . 
control the vote of any elector. At the close 
of one of the sessions of the legislature, he 
gave the salary of a year to the poor of Al- 
bany. At about this time a law was passed 
at the instance of James A. Bell, Mr. Pruyn 
and a few others, for the building of the new 
state capitol. By the laws of 1865 a com- 
mission was created for this purpose, Mr. 
Pruyn being one of the commissioners, and 
continuing as such until 1870, when the board 
was reorganized, largely, it is said, in the in- 
terests of the friends of the New York City 
political ring headed by "Boss Tweed." Mr. 
Pruyn not being in harmony with this ele- 
ment of his party was dropped from the com- 
mission. A great deal that was meritorious 
in the original plans of the Capitol was due 
to the efforts of Mr. Pruyn and the Hon. 
Hamilton Harris, an associate member of the 
commission. These two worked side by side, 
and had their wishes been more closely fol- 
lowed the defects in the building would have 
been fewer and much money saved the state. 
Mr. Pruyn was particularly well-informed on 
light and ventilation, and to his energy is due 
the central court of the building. This he 
had to fight for, with the assistance of Mr. 
Harris, as well as for other necessary fea- 
tures of the building. From 1865 to 1870 
these two men worked to the best of their 



146 



HUDSON AND ^lOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



ability for the interests of the state and should 
be exempt from the severe criticism to which 
the Capitol commission is subjected. The first 
stone of the new building was laid on July 
7. 1869, by Mr. Pruyn in the presence of Gov- 
ernor Hoffman, the state official and a few 
friends. A feature of the decoration of the 
famous "staircase"' is a head of ]\Ir. Pruyn 
carved in stone. 

He was a representative in congress from 
the Albany district twice : first in the thirty- 
eighth congress (1863-65), elected as suc- 
cessor to Erastus Corning, resigned, and again 
in the fortieth congress ( 1867-69). He served 
upon the important committees on ways and 
means, claims, Pacific railroads, joint library 
and foreign affairs. In the thirty-eighth con- 
gress his most noted speeches were made, in 
opposition to the confiscation act, against the 
currency bill and upon the abolition of slav- 
ery. In the fortieth congress his principal 
speeches were on the treaty-making power, 
under the Alaska treaty with Russia, on re- 
construction, on diplomatic appropriation, the 
resumption of specie payments and against 
the impeachment of President Andrew John- 
son. In his congress he was chosen a regent 
of the Smithsonian Institute in conjunction 
with the Hon. Luke P. Poland and James 
A. Garfield, then a member of congress from 
Ohio, later to die by the assassin's bullet while 
President of the United States. Mr. Pruyn 
was in many respects the most efficient repre- 
sentative that Albany has ever sent to Wash- 
ington. He was possessed of most remarkable 
executive ability, while his extensive knowl- 
edge and elevated views of public affairs gave 
him weight and position. Although not rated 
an orator, he was an effective speaker. "His 
style of language and manner was simple, 
vigorous and correct, while his reasoning was 
.sound and just." Although eminently fitted 
for public life, he will be best remembered for 
his work in the more congenial fields of phil- 
anthropy and education. In 183 1 he was elec- 
ted a member of the Albany Institute, which 
he served in all capacities including the office 
of president, which he filled capably from 1857 
until his death. The Albany Institute, al- 
though not organized until ^Iay. 1824, is in 
reality one of the oldest literary and scientific 
societies in the state, being the combination of 
the "Albany Lyceum of Natural History" 
(founded in 1823) and the "Society for the 
Promotion of Useful Arts," which was 
founded in 1804 as the legitimate successor of 
the "Society for the Promotion of .Agricul- 
ture, .'Krts and Manufactures," organized in 
the city of New York ( then the state capital ) 
in 1791. In the cause of education Mr. Pruyn 



did a noble work. On May 4, 1844, at the 
age of thirty-three, he was appointed by the 
legislature a regent of the University of the 
State of New York, and on January 9, 1862, 
was elected chancellor to succeed Hon. Gerrit 
Yates Lansing. LL.D., deceased. He was a 
regent for over thirty years, fifteen of which 
he was chancellor, the highest educational of- 
fice of the state. 

The University of the State of New York 
was established by the legislature, first in 
1784. but substantially as it now exists in 
1787. Alexander Hamilton was one of the 
committee who drew up the act of 1787. The 
University, like those of Oxford and Cam- 
bridge, is one of supervision and visitation 
rather than one of instruction. There are 
twenty-three regents, the presiding officer of 
the board being the chancellor, who is the 
head of the university, which includes under 
the visitation of the regents twenty-three lit- 
erary colleges, twenty medical colleges, schools 
of science, three law schools, and about two 
hundred and forty academies and academical 
departments of Union schools. The regents 
also have the care of the state library and the 
State Museum of Natural History. When 
he became chancellor Mr. Pruyn threw his 
whole soul into the work. The cause of high- 
er education was not in its most flourishing 
condition, but he gave it a quickening impulse. 
The L'niversity convocation was organized, 
the system of preliminary and higher academic 
examination was instituted and a broad foun- 
dation laid for greater usefulness. At Ham- 
ilton College he founded the Pruyn medal for 
the best oration in the senior class, relating 
to the duties of the educated citizen to the 
state. He was president of the board of trus- 
tees of St. Stephen's College at Annandale, an 
institution founded by Air. and Mrs. John 
Bard for training young men, chiefly for the 
ministry of the Protestant Episcopal church. J 
As a member of the "Association for the Codi- I 
fication of the Law of Nations," he oft'ered 
at the I lague meeting in 1875 resolutions of 
thanks for courtesies received, sjwaking in 
English, Erench and finally in Dutch, the 
language of his ancestors, for which he was 
loudly applauded. In 1876 the board of com- 
missioners of state survev" was organized and 
he was chosen president. This was really the 
last public position to which he was called. 
In 1871 he was appointed by President Grant i 
a member of the centennial commission, but 
resigned before 1876. I 

He was a corresponding member of the j 
New York Historical Society, an honorary 
member of the Wisconsin Historical .'society, 
a resident member of the American Geogra- 



HUDSON AND .MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



147 



jiliical and Statistical Society, a life member 
of the Young Men's Association of Albany, 
a member of the Literary h'und Society of 
Ixindon, of the Union and Century clubs of 
New York, and of other societies. He re- 
ceived the degree of Master of Arts in 1835 
from Rutgers College and in 1845 from Union 
College, and that of LL.D. in 1852 from the 
University of Rochester. During the latter 
years of his life he gave nearly all his time 
to public service, and that too without com- 
pensation, although entitled by law to the re- 
imbursement of his expenses he steadily de- 
clined to take it. His religious life was re- 
markably happy. Originally an officer of the 
.Second Reformed Dutch Church, in which he 
had been reared, the latter half of his religious 
life was given almost wholly to the Protestant 
Episcopal church, of which he became a com- 
nnmicant. He was a vestryman of St. Peter's 
Church. .Albany, early known as "Queen 
-Vnne's Chapel in the Wilderness." His views 
were essentially broad. He was a warm ad- 
mirer of Dean Stanley and a personal friend 
of Bishop Doane, to whom he suggested the 
form of prayer now in use in the 
diocese of Albany for the government 
and state legislature, and for a col- 
lect for the new year. Despite his love 
for the Episcopal church, he never lost 
sight of his early religious training, but made 
it his custom to annually take part in the 
New Year services of the Dutch church. He 
was a man of cultivated taste, had traveled 
extensively, and had a large circle of friends 
abroad as well as at home. His pre-eminent 
characteristic was justice. He was always 
gentle and never spoke ill of any one. "He 
had not an enemy in the world" was true of 
him. He led a life of personal purity and 
integrity, unsullied by even a rumor to the 
contrary. After his death on November 21, 
1877. resolutions of sympathy were passed by 
the bodies with which he had been connected 
and by many others upon which he had no 
claim. His funeral took place on the after- 
noon of i'"riday, November 23, 1877, from 
St. Peter's Church, .\lbany, in the presence 
of the governor, the state officials, regents of 
the University, and a large assemblage of 
friends. The flags upon the public buildings 
were at half mast, and many of the public 
offices closed during the funeral services. He 
is buried in the .\lbany cemetery, beneath 
the sha<low of a simple granite cross, suitably 
inscribed. 

Mr. Pruyn married (first) October 22, 1840, 
in .Albany, Harriet Corning Turner, born June 
18, 1822. second daughter of Thomas and 
Mary Ruggles (Weld) Turner, of Troy, New 



York. She was a lineal descendant of the 
Rev. Thomas Weld, who emigrated from 
England in 1632 and became pastor of the 
First Congregational Church in Ro.xbury, 
Massachusetts. This is the same Weld family 
as the Welds of Wiltshire and Lulworth Cas- 
tle, Dorsetshire, England. Mrs. Pruyn died 
March 22, 1859. In St. Peter's Church a 
beautiful memorial window is dedicated to her 
memory and that of an infant daughter. I'.y 
this marriage were born five children, two only 
of whom arrived at maturity, both sons, three 
daughters clying in infancy, i. Erastus Corn- 
ing, born August 24, 1841 : passed several 
years under the tuition of the Rev. Mr. Cal- 
throp at Bridgeport, Connecticut, and subse- 
quently a student at Princeton University and 
at Trinity College, Cambridge, England ; he 
w^as appointed consular agent of the United 
States at Caracas by Hon. William H. Sew- 
ard, secretary of state, and was the acting 
minister of our government there during the 
\'enezuelan revolution of 1868. He received 
special commendation from the state depart- 
ment for his services at that time. In 187 1 he 
went to Teneriffe. one of the Canary Islands, 
where he died at Orotava, February, 188 1. He 
married at Orotava, Teneriffe, i\Iay 4, 1872, 
Maria de los Dolores, only daughter of Au- 
gustin \'elasquez, of the Island of Las Pal- 
mas. There was no issue. 2. Mary Weld, 
born August 6, 1843, died September 8. 1844. 
3. Harriet Corning, born August 12, 1845, 
died March 24, 1847. 4. Harriet Catherine, 
born August 13, 1849, died February 25, 
1858. 5. John Van Schaick Lansing, see for- 
ward. -Mr. Pruyn married (second) Septem- 
ber 7, 1865, at St. Peter's Church, Albanv, 
by the Rt. Rev. Horatio Potter, D.D., LL.D., 
D.C.I., Oxon, Bishop of New York. .Anna 
t'enn Parker, born at Delhi. New York, 
Alarch 26, 1840, eldest daughter of Hon. Am- 
asa J. Parker and his wife, Harriet Langdon 
(Roberts) Parker, of Albany (see Parker 
\T1). Two children were born of this mar- 
riage: I. Harriet Langdon. born January 31, 
1868, at Washington, D. C, married William 
Gorham Rice and their son, William Gorham 
Rice, Jr., was born December 30, 1892. 2. 
Huybertie Lansing, born in Albany, New 
York, April 8. 1873, married Charles Sumner 
Hamlin, of Boston : their daughter, .Anna, was 
born October 26, 1900. Mrs.- John \'. L. 
(.Anna F. Parker) Pruyn, spent the greater 
part of her life in .Albany. She was a woman 
of vigorous mental powers, of broad culture 
and of extended travel. She was deeply in- 
terested in Albany affairs where her house 
was a centre of wide hospitality. Generous 
by nature, she gave liberally of her means both 



148 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



to public and private charities. The Pruyn 
public library in Albany was a gift from Mrs. 
Pruyn and her family in memory of her hus- 
band. She died at her summer home in Mat- 
tapoisett, Massachusetts, October 7, 1909. 
Her two daughters, Mrs. William Gorham 
Rice, of Albany, and Mrs. Charles S. Hamlin, 
of Boston, survive her. 

(Vni) John Van Schaick Lansing, son of 
John \'an Schaick Lansing and Harriet Corn- 
ing (Turner) Pruyn, was born in Albany, 
New York, March 14, 1859, died in New 
York City, September 24, 1904. He gradua- 
ted at St. John's School, Sing Sing, New 
York, in June, 1876, at Union College, Sche- 
nectady, New York, in June, 1880, where he 
received the degree of A.B. Pie entered the 
law office of Hon. Amasa J. Parker where he 
read law. He graduated from the Albany 
Law School, May 25, 1882. At the general 
term he passed the examination and was ad- 
mitted attorney and counsellor. May 27, 1882. 
He removed to New York City, where he mar- 
ried and died. He was trustee of the .-Mbany 
City Homeopathic Hospital for 1881, and was 
elected a director of the Albany City National 
Bank in 1880. He was a cultured man of re- 
fined tastes and deep learning. He was a 
member of the Albany Institute and of the 
New York Genealogical and Biographical So- 
ciety. He was a useful inember ot this so- 
ciety and prepared for publication in their 
Record a comprehensive history of the Pruyn 
and collateral families, from which much of 
the matter herein contained was compiled. He 
married, June 11, 1895, ™ Grace Church. New 
York City, Cornelia \'an Rensselaer, daughter 
of John Langdon F.rving. Their children 
were: i. John \'an Schaick Lansing (3), born 
in Florence, Italy, June 6, 1896, died in Al- 
bany, New York, May 17, 1897. 2. Erving, 
born in Albany, October 26, 1897. 3- Hen- 
drick, born in New York, December 29, 1900. 



(\T) Francis C. Pruyn, fourth 
PRUYN child of Lieutenant Casparus 

(q. v.), and Catherine (Groes- 
beck ) Pruyn, was born in Albany, New York, 
July 19, 1769, died there June 14, 1837. He 
married, August 30. 1791, Cornelia Dunbar, 
born January 11, 1770, died July 12, 1844, 
daughter of Levinus and Margaret (Hansen) 
Dunbar, of Albany. Hendrick Hansen, a 
great-uncle of Cornelia Dunbar, was mayor 
of Albany in 1698-99. Johannes Hansen, 
probalily a son of Hendrick, was mayor in 
1731-32, and in 1754-56. Their ancestor was 
Captain Hans Hendrickson, whose male de- 
scendants took the name of Hansen. Francis 
C, and Cornelia (Dunbar) Pruyn were the 



parents of ten children. Casparus F., see for- 
ward : Catherine, married Adrian \'an Sant- 
voord : Levinus, a merchant of Albany ; mar- 
ried Brachie or Bridget Oblenis ; David, died 
young ; Margaret, twin to David, married a 
kinsman, William I. Pruyn ; David ( 2 ) , born 
November 20, 1801, died at sea; Gertrude, 
married Samuel Randall, an architect and 
manufacturer ; Alida, married William Board- 
man ; Maria, married David Bensen ; Cornelia, 
married Dr. Owen Munson, a physician and 
one time partner of Dr. Frank Hamilton, of 
New York. Dr. Munson served in the civil 
war as assistant surgeon of the Fifth New 
York Zouaves and was taken prisoner at Sar- 
atoga Station. Later he was promoted to sur- 
geon of the One Hundred and Ninth Regi- 
ment, New York \'olunteers. Army hard- 
ships destroyed his health and compelled his 
return to private life. Of the daughters of 
Francis C. Pruyn all reared large families and 
many distinguished men and women are num- 
bered among his descendants. 

(VII) Casparus F., eldest child and son 
of Francis C. and Cornelia (Dunbar) Pruyn, 
was born in Albany, New York, May 26, 1792, 
died February 11, 1846. At the age of thir- 
teen he entered the office of the \'an Rens- 
selaer Estate, his uncle. General Robert Dun- 
bar, being at that time (1805) the agent. In 
1835 General Dunbar resigned and Air. Pruyn 
was appointed agent for the manor. This 
position called for a man of more than or- 
dinary business ability and he filled it with sat- 
isfaction to all concerned. In January, 1839, 
"the old patroon," General Stephen \'an Rens- 
selaer, died, and the estate was divided, that 
portion on the east shore of the Hudson going 
to \\'illiani Paterson \'an Rensselaer. Mr. 
Pruyn removed to Bath, Rensselaer county, 
and became agent for the "East Manor," so 
continuing until the autumn of 1844, when he 
resigned. His death occurred two years later. 
He married, April 19. 1814, Anne, born Janu- 
ary 27, 1794, (lied l*"ebruary 12, 1841. daugh- 
ter of Robert and Elizabeth (Fryer) Hewson, 
of Albany. Children: i. Robert Hewson, 
A.M., LL.D., born in Albany, February 14, 
1815, died February 26, 1882. 2. Fran- 
cis, born November 2, 1816, died April 
I, 1897, at Brigham, Province of Que- 
bec, Canada. He was commissioned cap- 
tain of the One Hundred and Thir- 
teenth Regiment, New York \'olun- 
teer Infantry, September 8, 1862. This regi- 
ment l^ecame the Seventh New York Heavy 
Artillery, and on January 23, 1864, he was 
commissioned major. He married Isabella, 
daughter of Andres Kirk, and had issue. 3. 
Elizabeth, died unmarried at the age of twen- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



149 



ty-four. 4. Cornelia, married Charles Van 
Zandt, agent of the Van Rensselaer estate, and 
a leading member of the North Dutch Church. 
5. Mary, died young. 6. Alida, married James 
C. Bell, and had issue. 7. William Fryer, 
married Gertrude Dunbar Visscher and had 
issue. 8. Edward Roggen, born July 12, 1829. 
9. .Augustus, see forward. 10. Mary Hewson, 
married Montgomery Rochester, whose ances- 
tors laid out and founded the city of Roches- 
ter, New York. They removed to Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and had issue. 

(\'ni) .Augustus, ninth child of Casparus 
F. and .Anne (Hewson.) Pruyn, was born 
in .Albany, New A^ork, October 23, 1831, 
died February 7, 1908. He was a civil engi- 
neer by profession. During the civil war he 
served as adjutant of the Eleventh Regiment 
"Scotts 900," New York Cavalry. He was ap- 
pointed September, 1861. In Alarch, 1862, he 
was made captain of Company H, same regi- 
ment, and in April, appointed major. Com- 
missions were not issued to any officers in his 
regiment until 1863, as the colonel in com- 
mand would not accept state commissions, 
claiming that the regiment was United States 
Troops. In the autumn of 1862, Major Pruyn 
resigned from the Eleventh to accept a com- 
mission as major in the Fourth Regiment, 
New A'ork Calvary, and was so commissioned 
January 30, 1863. On May 25, 1863, he was 
promoted to lieutenant-colonel, ranking as such 
from .April 2^. His commission did not reach 
him until the morning of June 9th, on which 
date he was in command of the regiment, in 
battle at Beverly Ford or Brandy Station. In 
the calvary battles of June 17. 18, 19, 20 and 
21. he was in command of the regiment, the 
colonel having previously been taken prisoner. 
He was also in command of the regiment at 
Gettysburg and in all the eighteen engage- 
ments including that of Aline Run, after which 
he resigned in December, 1863. After his 
army career was ended Mr. Pruyn returned 
to the ]5ractice of his profession. He was en- 
gaged jirincipally by the great railway cor- 
])oration in construction work which called 
him away from home a great deal. For sev- 
eral years he was located in Newark, New 
Jersey, where his four youngest children were 
born. He was engaged in construction work 
of importance in all parts of the country and 
stood high in his profession. He later in life 
returned to .Albany, where he died. He was 
a member of the Dutch Church of Albany 
(Second Reformed) and in politics a Republi- 
can. He was a member of the Military Or- 
der of the Loyal Legion, an honor that de- 
scended to his son, Foster. He was married, 
September 19, 1866, in the North Dutch 



Church, Albany, by the Rev. Rufus W. Clark, 
D.D., to Catalina Ten Eyck, born January 24, 
1840, daughter of Herman and Eliza (Bo- 
gart) Ten Eyck, granddaughter of Harmanus 
and Margaret (Bleecker) Ten Eyck, and 
great-granddaughter of Hendrick Bleecker, 
Jr., and his wife Catalyntje Cuyler, this mar- 
riage again bringing together many families 
of the best okl Dutch stock of the Mohawk 
Valley. The children of this marriage are : 
Margaret Ten Eyck, born in Albany, January 
2, 1868; .Augustus (2), born in Newark. New 
Jersey, April 22, 1869, died July i, 1870; Eli- 
za Ten Eyck, born in Newark, July 27, 1870; 
married April 8, 1896, Charles Mulford Robin- 
son, of Rochester, New A'ork, where they re- 
side ; Montgomery Rochester, born in Newark, 
July 29, 1873, died July 16, 1874; Foster, see 
forward. 

(IX) Foster, youngest child of Augustus 
and Catalina (Ten Eyck) Pruyn, was born 
in Newark, ¥ew Jersey, October 5, 1875. His 
early education was in a private school in Al- 
bany, and he then entered Albany Academy, 
graduating therefrom with the class of 1893. 
He then matriculated at A^ale University, from 
v\'hich he was graduated in class of 1897. 
Choosing the profession of law he entered Al- 
bany Law School, Union University, taking 
the full course, graduating in 1899. In Jidy 
of the same year he was admitted to practice 
in the courts of New York state. He is now 
(1910) engaged in the general practice of law 
in Albany, New A'ork. His profession does 
not ab.sorb all his time nor energy, but numer- 
ous outside interests claim his attention, 
among them the Newton Fire Brick Company 
of Albany, of which he is secretary and treas- 
urer. His political preference is for the men 
and measures of the Republican party, but he 
keeps aloof from all personal connection be- 
yond tliat of a good citizen's duty. He is a 
member and a deacon of the Second Reformed 
(Dutch) Church of Albany. He has a lively 
interest in the citizen soldiery of his state and 
for many years has been a member of Troop 
B, National Guard of New York, of which he 
is sergeant. He is a member of the "old 
guard" of Troop B, to which only those who 
have served five years in the troop are eligible. 
He wears the insignia of the Military Order 
of the Loyal Legion, of which he is a member, 
inheriting that proud distinction through his 
father, Lieutenant-Colonel Pruyn. He is a 
member of the Patriotic Order Sons of the 
Revolution, Albany Chapter, the Phi Beta 
Kappa of Yale, the Yale, .Albany Academy, 
and Albany Law School .Alumni associations. 
His social and professional clubs are the .Al- 
bany Country Club, the Fort Orange, the Uni- 



15° 



HUDSON AND :\IOHA\VK \"ALLFA'S 



versity and Camera of Albany, and the Yale 
Club of Xew York City. Mr. Pruyn is un- 
married. 



The family name of Selkirk is 
SELKIRK derived from a borough town 
of Scotland. It was originally 
Cellkirk, a religious house : a "cell" was an- 
ciently that part of a temple within the walls. 
It is also said that the name is derived from 
"Sel-carrik," (Cor. Br.) which sigpiifies the 
high rock ; "Sel," a view, or prospect, Welsh 
"syllu" to look, and "carrik" or "craig," a 
rock. From this latter formation of the name, 
we are led to believe that when the family 
first was given that cognomen, they dwelt on 
an eminence, a high, rocky hill, or upon a 
mountain top in the Highlands of Scotland. 
The Selkirk coat-of-arms. Creation, Au- 
gust, 1646. Arms, Quarterly: 1st and 4th 
arg, a human heart; git. ensigned with an im- 
perial crown: or, on a chief: ac, three (3) 
mullets of the field for Douglas ; 2d. gu. three 
(3) cinquefoils : crm, for Hamilton. 3d. gu, 
a lion, rampant : arg, within a bordure of the 
last, charged with ten ( 10) — (8?) roses of the 
first, for Dunbar of Baldoon. Crest : On a 
chapeau, "•;(, turned up, crm, a salamander in 
flame, ppr. Supporters : Dexter, a savage, 
wreathed about the temples and loins with ivy, 
holding with his exterior hand a club over his 
shoulder; ppr; Sinister, an antelope, arg, 
armed or, ducally gorged and chained of the 
last. Mottoes : "Firmior quo paratior" : over 
the crest. "Jamais arriere." Seat, St. Mary's 
Isle, Kirkcudbright. 

(I) James Selkirk was born in Kirkcud- 
bright, Scotland. November i, 1757 (old 
style), and emigrated to America. He left 
Kirkcudbright early in March, 1775, and after 
a stormy passage of one hundred and six days, 
landed in the city of New York, the day after 
the battle of I'unker Hill, June 19, 1775. He 
remained there for a few days, and then went 
to Argj'le, afterwards to wliat was then Al- 
bany county ; but now within the limits of 
Saratoga county. Following a residence in 
Argyle for a few months, he enlisted in the 
provisional army, or forces of the struggling 
colony of New York, and served out his term 
of enlistment, when he returned to .Albany. 
There he remained for a few days, and then 
.enlisted a second time, December 20, 1776, 
for the whole period of the war, serving to the 
end of the revolution. He had served under 
General lienedict .Arnold in the fierce northern 
campaign of the Adirondack region, and was 
in that greatest of American revolutionary 
struggles, the battle of Saratoga, which, 
known as the battle of Bemis Heights, re- 



sulted in the surrender of General Burgoyne, 
October 17, 1777. Under General Greene, he 
was in the retreat through New Jersey, and 
endured the hardships of the winter quarters 
of the army at Valley Forge. Subsequently, 
under Gen. Horatio Gates, he was in the 
southern campaign until after that general's 
defeat at Camden, and later with his regiment 
in the allied army at York-town, Virginia, 
when Cornwallis surrendered. He received his 
certificate of service and discharge duly signed 
by George Washington, and tliis document is 
now in the Hall of Military Records in the 
Capitol at Albany. New York. His discharge 
was dated June 7, 1783, and he likewise re- 
ceived with it a paper setting forth "Reward 
of Merit." His service was in battalion of 
force, commanded by Colonel James Livings- 
ton, Company Two, Dirk Hansen, captain, and 
was quartermaster-sergeant in that company. 
At the close of the war, James Selkirk mar- 
ried Elizabeth ; daughter of William Henr>-, 
the ceremony taking place in February, 1787, 
in the First Presbyterian Church of Albany, 
New York. They were the second couple ever 
married in that church. She was born April 
12, 1766, and was a sister of William Henry, 
who was the father of Professor Joseph Flen- 
ry, the inventor of the electro-magnet, while 
an instructor in the Albany Academy, he, Jos- 
eph, having been born in the city of Albany, 
December 17, 1799, and as their parents had 
come over from Scotland in the same ship, the 
families were bound by ties of closest inti- 
macy. Besides this, Professor Henry had 
taught school at Selkirk for two years, when a 
young man, before his appointment to the Al- 
bany .'\cademy, September 11. 1826. James Sel- 
kirk died at Selkirk. Albany county, about 
ten miles south of .Albany. December 2, 1820. 
Elizabeth, his wife, died May 9, 1844. Both 
are buried in the family burying-ground of 
Colonel r*"rancis Nicoll. at Cedar Hill. Albany 
county. Children: i. James, born .AugT.ist 
28, 1788; married Rachel Mull; died Alarch 
5. 1821. 2. Nancy, born May 18. 1791. died in 
infancy. 3. William, born July 24. 1792; mar- 
ried .Matilda Hallenbeck. 4. John, born No- 
vember I. 1794: married Mary Gillman ; died 
June 16, 1840. 5. Robert, torn Alarch 18. 
1797; married. 1821, Maria Boucher. 6. 
Charles, born April 13, 1799, see forward. 7. 
Joseph, born October, 1801. 8. Elizabeth, born 
.April 7. 1804. 9. Francis Nicoll, born Octo- 
ber 8. 1806. ID. Alexander, born, .\pril 16, 
1809. 

(11) Charles, fifth son of James and Eliza- 
beth (Henry) Selkirk, was born in Selkirk, 
.Albany county. New York, April 13. 1799. 
He was for some time, in 1814-15, apprenticed 



HUDSON' AXD MOIIAWK VAI.LF.YS 



151 



as a silversinitli uihIlt his brother, William, 
then residing in Albany and foreman for John 
I-". Doty, silversmith and watchmaker, doing 
business at No. 71 South Pearl street and 
with a factory at No. 7 Union street. He was 
a fellow apprentice with his first cousin, young 
Joseph Henry, and thus in the second genera- 
tion preserved the family acf|uaintanceship. 

Professor Henry, following his discovery of 
the principle of the electro-magnet, and dem- 
onstrating its practicability in the large room 
of the Academy, about 1829, was called to 
Princeton in November, 1832, as an instructor 
in the sciences, and was made the first secre- 
tary of the Smithsonian Institution at Wash- 
ington, D. C, December 3, 1846, and died in 
that city. May 13, 1878. On account of his 
poor health. Charles Selkirk did not continue 
this line of work: but returned to the home- 
stead and became a carpenter. Following the 
death of his father, in 1820, with his brother, 
William, he took the old farm and turned his 
attention to agriculture. In January of 1845 
he made a trip to Scotland, where he visited 
his relatives, traveled through England anil 
Ireland, and returned to this country in Sep- 
tember of the same year. He died July 26, 
1866, Charles Selkirk married, September 
10, 1829. Jane Elmendorf. born November 22, 
1809. died January 26. 1845, daughter of Ja- 
cob Elmendorf, of Bethlehem, .A.lbany county. 
New York, who was a descendant of Jacobus 
Elmendorf. who came to this country from 
Ghent, Holland, in the year 1649, and settled 
at Kingston, Dutchess county. New York. 
Children: i. Alexander, born in Selkirk. New 
York. July 18. 1830. see forward. 2. Lewis 
McMullen, born August 14, 1832. 3. Fran- 
ces, born January 18. 1841. 

(Ill) Alexander, son of Charles and Jane 
(Elmendorf) Selkirk, was born on the home- 
stead at Selkirk, Albany county. New York, 
July 18, 1830, died October i8, 1905. With 
his brothers, he received his education at dis- 
trict school No. 2, at Selkirk, his teachers be- 
ing generally men from the eastern states who 
made school teaching a means to aid them in 
acquiring a collegiate education, and under 
this class of instructors he was educated in 
the highest English branches of that day. He 
removed to Albany in 1847. and at James 
Goold & Company's coach factory learned the 
art of coach ornamentation and heraldr\'. and 
was made foreman in that department in 1850. 
In 1849, with George H. Boughton, James 
McDougal Hart and James XN'illiamson, he 
formed a class for the study of freehand draw- 
ing from models, with John E. Gavit, bank- 
note engraver, as instructor. In the spring of 
1853 he went into the business of carriage 



manufacturer, and continued in that until 
1864. when he sold out to Shaw & Rose. He 
then entered the profession of solicitor of pat- 
ents and attorney in patent cases, also that of 
mechanical expert, and continued in this pro- 
fession with success that won recognition until 
his death. He was located at the start at No. 
44 North Pearl street, and after 1885 at No. 
31 North Pearl street. Being of an inventive 
turn of mind, he perfected several important 
and practical inventions. In politics he voted 
first for Fremont and was always a Republi- 
can and protective tariff man. .Although not 
in any sense a politician, he was frequently 
present at gatherings to advocate a cause or 
candidate, serving his party considerably in 
one way or another without thought or expec- 
tation of personal gain. When a new water 
supply for the city of Albany was being agi- 
tated with considerable fervor by the advo- 
cates of different methods to be pursued, and 
a scheme known as the "Kindcrhook Water 
Supply" was being pressed. Mr. Selkirk gave 
such time and untiring effort in convincing 
the public of the enormous cost and imprac- 
ticability of the proposed scheme that the pro- 
moters of the bill before the legislature de- 
cided not to call it up for a third reading. 
He drafted other bills relating to Albany's 
water supply, which passed both houses ; but 
ended in a veto by the governor. In 1848 
he united with the Wesleyan Church, and in 
1864 with the Fourth Presbyterian Church of 
Albany. In 1832 he joined Union Lodge, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, and in 1857 
Wadsworth Lodge, No. 417, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. He married, at Albany, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1853, Elizabeth Jane Fee, born in 
Albany, February 18, 1835, died in the same 
city. December 27, 1904, daughter of .Adam 
and Henrietta (Reid) Fee, both of .-Mbany, 
New York. Children, born in Albany: i. 
Charles, February 23, 1855 ; see forward. 2. 
William Fee. May 23. 1857. see forward. 3. 
John Adam. ]\Iarch ifi. 1864; in 1910 con- 
nected with the Delaware & Hudson railroad 
offices at Albany. 4. Elizabeth Reid, August 
19, 1866: residing at No. 284 Clinton avenue, 
Albany, in 1910. 5. Alexander. February 2, 
1868, see forward. 6. Frank Elmendorf, 
March 10. 187 1. see forward. 

(I\') Charles, son of Alexander and Eliza- 
beth Jane (Fee) Selkirk, was born in .\lbany, 
New York. February 23. 1835. He received 
his education at the local schools, and about 
1870 commenced studying mechanical and art 
drawing under his father, who had studied 
with the celebrated artists, Boughton and 
Hart, at his father's office, then located at No. 
44 North Pearl street. About 1885 both he 



152 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



and his father removed their separate offices to 
the suite at No. 31 North Pearl street, where 
he was located in 1910, as art designer, and 
had achieved success in his line. He is a Re- 
publican, an attendant of the Fourth Pres- 
byterian Church, and resides at No. 113 South 
Lake avenue, Albany. He married, in Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania. April 22, 1884, Lillian 
Plumly. born in that city February 17, i860, 
daughter of Richard Bernard and Harriet 
Miller (Plumly) Connolly. Children, born in 
Albany, New York: Charles Richard, March 

7, 1885 ; Harriet Connolly. January 16, 1891. 
(IV) William Fee, son of Alexander and 

Elizabeth Jane (Fee) Selkirk, was born in Al- 
bany, New York, May 23. 1857, and resided at 
No. 291 First street, that city, in 19 10, being 
connected with the printing establishment of 
Weed-Parsons & Company, of Albany. He 
married, in Albany, April 2, 1884, Mathilde, 
born in Albany, New York. August 29, i860, 
daughter of August W. and Johanna (Koch) 
Koenig, who were married in Albany, June 
5, 1858. Children : Augusta Louise, born De- 
cember 4, 1886; died October 11, 1894; Alex- 
ander T., born in Norwalk, Ohio, May 24, 
1889 ; Theodore Koenig, born in Albany, May 

8. 1896; Catherine King, born in Norwalk, 
Ohio, April 9, 1895 ; adopted October 14, 1901. 

(I\') Alexander (2), son of Alexander and 
EHzabeth Jane (Fee) Selkirk, was born in 
Albany, New York, February 2, 1868. He 
was educated at the primary schools in his 
native city and is a graduate of the Albany 
high school, class of 1885. After leaving 
school, he entered the office of Franklin H. 
Janes, an architect of considerable prominence, 
then located at Albany, where he was a stu- 
dent at first, and remained there for eight 
years, being the head draughtsman. Between 
this time and the actual opening of an office 
for himself, alxjut six months, he was en- 
gaged bv George Westinghouse, Jr., in de- 
signing buildings for his country residence, 
"Erskine Park," Lenox, Massachusetts. Since 
then he lias practiced his profession, meeting 
with abundant success, with his office at No. 
31 North Pearl street, Albany, New York. In 
politics he has ever been a Republican, and 
is a member of the Fourtli Presbyterian 
Church. He is a memlier of Masters Lodge, 
No. 5, Free and Accepted Masons, a charter 
member of the Aurania Club, and a member 
of Philip Livingston Chapter, Sons of the 
Revolution. His residence is No. 209 Lancas- 
ter street, Albany, New York. He married, 
in Coxsackie. New York, .August 12, 1897, 
Clara Hartt, born at Indian l-'iclds, New York, 
September 20, 1874, daughter of John Mc- 
Carty Ver Planck, a descendant of the revolu- 



tionary general of that name, and his wife, 
Mary Eliza (Chapman) Ver Planck. Their 
other children were Robert Isaac and Louise 
Bosworth Ver Planck. (See \^er Planck 
VIII.) Child: Helen Ver Planck, born in 
Albany, New York, December 24, 1899. 

(IV) Frank Elmendorf, son of Alexander 
and Elizabeth Jane (Fee) Selkirk, was born 
in Albany, New York, March 10, 1S71. He 
was educated in the city schools and the Al- 
bany high school, and commenced his business 
career in the old Hoyt coal yard, first as a 
clerk, later as manager for John E. Rathbun, 
who succeeded to the business, and still later 
for Howell & Company, in the same business 
and yards. In 1905 he entered the employ of 
Simon Stahl, as superintendent in the millin- 
ery business, and was continued in that ca- 
pacity when the business was sold to the pres- 
ent proprietor, Jonas Muhlfelder, where he 
was still employed in 1910. At the outbreak 
of the Spanish-American war, he enlisted May 
2, 1898, as corporal in Company A, First New 
York Infantry \^olunteers, was promoted ser- 
geant, July 20, 1898, and served until the mus- 
ter out, February 21, 1899. He served eleven 
and a half years in the New York State Na- 
tional Guard. He is a charter member of the 
I'^rank Rockwell Palmer Camp of Spanish 
War Veterans, and has filled the offices of 
junior vice-commander and senior vice-com- 
mander of that organization. He is also a 
member of the Old Guard, Comjiany A, Al- 
bany Zouave Cadets, having served three years 
as secretary, and he is a member of Philip 
Livingston Chapter, Sons of the Revolution. 
He married, Albany, November 23, 1904, Ber- 
tha Elizabeth Riggs. born in .-Mbany, New 
York, September 25. 1881, daughter of Fred- 
erick James and Emma Louise ( Whiting) 
Riggs. (See Riggs X.) Child: Elizabeth 
Whiting, born in Albany, New York, October 
22, 1906. 

(The Ver Planck Line). 

The family name of \'cr Planck is found 
in many of the ancient as well as several 
of the modern languages, (Ireek, Latin, 
German, French, etc.. signifying anything 
that is flat and broad, and while the common 
acceptance of the meaning in .America seems 
to be confined in the main to a piece of timber 
or to signify a board, in foreign countries, 
whence the family came, it would mean rather 
a broad field or extensive, ievel plain, to risk 
tautolog}- in making the definition a little more 
comprehensible, so as to adhere to the particu- 
lar significance, "fiat and broad." The family 
in .America originally dwelt on a plain in 
Holland. The name is also found, in the 
same family, Planck, Planche and Plancque, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



153 



and with or without the prefix "Ver," because 
the progenitor in this country sometimes wrote 
his surname "Planck." The \'er Planck Arms 
— Shield: Ermine, on a chief engrailed sable; 
three mullets argent. Crest : A demi wolf 
I^roper. Motto : Ut vita sic mors. 

(I) Abraham \'er Planck was the first of 
this family in America, the progenitor of a 
number of indiviiluals who gained prominence 
in the province and state of New York and 
intermarrietl with other families whose names 
figure largely in the founding of the common- 
wealth. His father, Isaac Ver Planck, lived 
in Holland, and hence the son sometimes 
wrote his name .Abraham Isaacse Ver Planck, 
and often simply "Abram Planck." In the 
year 1638 he obtained from Governor Kieft a 
patent for land at Paulus Hoeck, previously 
granted to a director of the Dutch West India 
Company, named Pau'w, a patroon, who. tiring 
of the project of colonizing, abandoned it. He 
gave to the tract a Latin name, Pavonia, a 
translation of his name meaning "Peacock." 
Thereon Abraham Ver Planck established a 
tobacco plantation, and likewise conducted a 
farm for cattle raising and dairying purposes. 
He married Maria \inge. Children: i. Abi- 
gel, married Adrian Van Laer. 2. Gelyn (Gu- 
lian), born January i, 1637; married, June 20, 
(N. S.) 1668, Hendrika Wessels. 3. Calalyna, 
married October 13, 1657, David Pieterse 
Schuyler. 4. Isaac, baptized. New Amster- 
dam, June 26, 1641 : died an infant. 5. Sus- 
sanna, baptized May 25. 1642: married, De- 
cember 4, 1660, Marten \'an Waert. 6. Jaco- 
myntje, baptized July 6, 1644, died an infant. 
7. Ariaentje, baptized December 2. 1646, mar- 
ried, December 4, 1660, Melgert Wynantse 
\'ander Poel. 8. Hillegond, baptized Novem- 
ber I, 1648: married David Ackerman in Al- 
bany. 9. Isaac, baptized February 26, 1651, 
see forward. 

(II) Isaac, son of Abraham and Maria 
(\'inge) Ver Planck, was born in Albany, 
New York, baptized February 26, 1651, and 
lived there, dying about 1729. He married 
Abigail L\vten Bogart ( or Bogaart, also Bo- 
gaert ) who was alive in 1728. Children: i. 
Isaac, born in .\lbany, died about 1721. 2. 
Jacobus. 3. Abigail. 4. Jacob, born in Al- 
bany, June 21, 1684. 5. Dirkje, baptized in 
Albany, September 16, 1686. 6. Jacob, bap- 
tised in Albany, October 28, 1688. 7. Guleyn 
(Gulian), baptized June 18, 1693. 8. David, 
baptized in Albany. April 14, 1695, see for- 
ward. 9. Catalyntje. born June 19, 1698: mar- 
ried, February 23, 1734, Landert Whitbeck. 
10. Rachel, baptized in Albany, May 12, 1700; 
married, January 2, 1726, Jan Winne. 

(III) David, son of Isaac and Abigail Uy- 



ten (Bogart) \'er Planck, was born in Al- 
bany, April 4, iTkjS, baptized April 14, 1695. 
He was commonly known as David of Baeren 
Island because of his residence there. He mar- 
ried Ariantje, daughter of Barent Pieterse 
Coeymans, and when she died, without issue, 
she left to her husbaniT a great part of the 
patent granted to her father. Barent P. Coey- 
mans was the miller to Patroon Van Rensse- 
laer, and he bought of the Catskill Indians a 
large tract of land adjoining those of the pat- 
roon, having one length, it is estimated, of 
twelve miles along the Hudson river. The 
Indians had previously granted it to Van 
Rensselaer, or had an understanding with him, 
yet he had not taken full possession, hence a 
suit in the courts which was decided in favor 
of Coeymans, who afterward, in 1714, ob- 
tained a patent from Queen Anne, confirming 
title to his heirs. Beeren (Baeren, or Bear's) 
Island was therefore part of the Coeymans 
Patent, and lies along the western bank of the 
Hudson, about fourteen miles below Albany. 
In 1900 it was known as Baerena, and was a 
place for river excursions to land and hold 
picnics. David Ver Planck married (first), 
July 16, 1723, Ariantje Coeymans; married 

(second) Brouwer; married (third) 

November 12, 1752, Catrina Boone. Children: 
I. Johannes, baptized November 12, 1753. 2. 
Ariantje, baptized July i, 1755; married 
(first) Abraham Gardinier ; married (second) 
Levi Blasdell ; died January 10, 18 14. 3. Har- 
riet, baptized in 1757. 4. Isaac David, bap- 
tized in 1759, see forward. 

(IV) Isaac David, son of David and Ca- 
trina (Boone) Ver Planck, was born in 1759 
died Februarv 24, 1836, at Coevmans, New 
York. 

He married Lena Houghtaling. Chil- 
dren: I. Helena, born June 22, 1783; mar- 
ried John McCarty. 2. David I. D., born 
May 30, 1785, see forward. 3. Catherine, 
born December 14, 1787, died September 22, 
1817; married Peter \'an Antwerp. 4. Har- 
riet, born April 12, 1789; married, February 
14, 1808, Eliphalet Ackerman. 5. .Abraham, 
born December 4, 1793. 6. Elizabeth, born 
April 12, 1796; died in Brooklyn. 7. Ann, 
born December 15, 1799; married, October 
8, 1823, Dr. B. B. Fredenburgh. 8. Maria, 
born January 25, 1802; married, December 
30, 1824, Isaac Whitbeck. 9. Caroline, bom 
March 7, 1807 ; married Van Lenner Over- 
paugh. 

(V) David I. D.. son of Isaac D.. and Lena 
(Houghtaling) \"er Planck, was born May 30, 
1785, died September 26, 1854. He married 
Elizabeth Whitbeck. Children: i. Isaac, born 
August 27, 1809, see forward. 2. Maria, born 



154 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



October 29, 1812; married, July 10, 1829, 
Aaron Dorman. 

(\'I) Isaac (2), son of David I. D. and 
Elizabeth (Whitbeck) \'er Planck, was born 
August 27, 1809 ; died July 20, 1854. He mar- 
ried (first) September 2, 1835, Charlotte Eliz- 
abeth McCarty : married ( second ) Phoebe 
Ann Edgett. Children: i. John McCarty, 
born January 17, 1838, see forward. 2. David 
I. D., born February 14, 1840. died March 28. 
1904; married, Decemlier 25. i860, Lettie 
Northrup Powell. 3. Isaac, born July 12, 
1854; married Lillie Ingalls, of Nortonhill, 
New York. 

(VII) John McCarty, son of Isaac (2) and 
Charlotte Elizabeth (McCarty) \'er Planck, 
was born in Indian Fields, xAlbany county. 
New York, January 17, 1838 ; resided there, 
where he was engaged in the foundry busi- 
ness. He married in Greenville, New York, 
September 6, 1858, ]\Iary Eliza Chapman, born 
in South Westerlo, Albany county. New York, 
December 18, 1840, died in Albany, January 
30, 1899, daughter of Robert W. and Eliza 
(Hickok) Chapman. Children: i. Robert 
Isaac, born in Dormansville, Albany county. 
New York, August 27, 1859 ; married Ida 
May Oakey, Albany. New York, July 19, 
1894. 2. Clara Hartt, see forward. 3. Louise 
Bosworth, born in Greenville, New York, Au- 
gust 10, 1876: married in Coxsackie, New 
York, November 29, 1893, Merton E. Allard, 
and had children, Walter Joseph Allard, born 
October 10, 1894, and Frank Ver Planck 
Allard, born December 11, 1896. 

(VIII) Clara Hartt, daughter of John Mc- 
Carty and Mary Eliza (Chapman) Ver 
Planck, was born in Indian Fields, Albany 
county. New York, September 20, 1874. She 
married, Coxsackie, New York, August 12, 
1897, Alexander Selkirk. They have one child, 
Helen \^er Planck Selkirk, born in Albany, 
New York, Deceml)er 24, 1899. (See Sel- 
kirk IV.) 

(The Rigg.s Line). 

The family name of Riggs is derived from 
the Dutch word "rig," meaning wealthy, rich ; 
or the name may be local, and denote a steep 
elevation, a range of hills, or the n]>per part 
• of such a range. 

(I) Edward Riggs was born about 1590 in 
Lincolnshire, England. He landed in Boston, 
Massachusetts, early in the summer of 1633, 
with his family, consisting of his wife. Eliza- 
beth, two sons and four daughters. Children : 
Edward, born in 1614, see forward; Lydia, 
born about 1616. died August, i'')33; John, 
born about 1618, died in 1634; a (laughter, 
born about 1622, married a Mr. Allen ; Mary, 
born about 1625, married a Mr. Twitchell. 



(II) Edward (2). son of Edward (i) 
Riggs, was born in England in 1614: came to 
America with his parents in 1633. He was a 
sergeant in the Pequot war, in 1637, and dis- 
tinguished himself by rescuing a band of his 
companions from an ambuscade into which 
they had been led by the Indians, and by 
which subterfuge all of his party would have 
been cut off but for his great act of bravery. 
He was known as Sergeant Riggs through a 
long and honorable life. In 1665 he removed 
to New Jersey. Children : Edward, see for- 
ward ; Samuel, born in 1640, married Sarah 
Baldwin ; Joseph, born in 1642, married Han- 
nah Brown; Mary, born in 1644, married 
George Day. 

(III) Edward (3), son of Edward (2) 
Riggs. was born in Roxbury, Massachusetts, 
in 1636. He accumulated considerable prop- 
erty, leaving at his death an estate of much 
value. Children: Anna, born in 1662, married 
J. Gage; James, born in 1664; Mary, born 
in 1666, married Joseph Lindsley ; Edward, 
born in 1668, married Aphia Stoughton ; Jos- 
eph, born in 1675, see forward; Martha, born 
in 1677, married S. Freeman; Elizabeth, born 
in 1678, married John Lyon; John, born in 
1679, married Frances Colburn ; Samuel, 
born in 1681 ; Charity, born in 1685, married 
John Bowers. 

(I\') Joseph, son of Edward (3) and Mary 
Riggs, was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 
1675. He was an active member of the first 
church society in Orange, New Jersey, which 
was called the Mountain Society. He died 
and was buried there, September 11, 1744. 
Children: Josiah, born in 1703: Miles, born 
in 1705, married Elizabeth \Vliitney ; Hannah, 
born in 1707, married Mr. Hedden; 
Mary, born in 1709, married Thomas Cush- 
man ; Benjamin, born in 171 1; Gideon, born 
in 1713; Dinah, born in 1716; Zebulon, born 
January 23, 1719; Joseph, born in 1720, see 
forward; Daniel, born in 1724. married .*>arah 
Lamson ; Sarah, born in 1726, married Thom- 
as Roberts. 

(V) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) Riggs, 
was born in Orange, New Jersey, in 1720. 
He was a magistrate for many years, and a 1 
leading man in the business affairs of his 
neighlxirhood. At the opening of the revolu- 
tion he was one of the committee of safety 
for the county of Essex. His wife's name was 
Abigail. Children : Prudence, born in 1746, 
married John Young; Jerusha, born in 1748, 
married Mr. Swan; Cyrenus, born in 1750, 
see forward; Anna, born in 1752, married 
Mr. Ward; Experience, born in 1754, married 
Mr. Smith; Caleb S., born in 1756, married 
Abigail J, Barnett; Abigail, born in 1758, 



Hl'DSOX A\D MOH.WMv \'ALLEYS 



155 



married James Crane: Sarah, born in 1760, 
married Benjamin Myer. 

(V'l) Cyrenus, son of Joseph (2) and Abi- 
gail Riggs. was born in Orange, New Jersey, 
in 1750. He was a soldier in the war of the 
revolution from Bergen county. New Jersey. 
In 1791 he removed to Amsterdam, New 
York. He married Esther Crane. Children : 
Isaac, born November 8, 1779, see forward; 
Electa, born in 1781, marrie(l David Crane; 
Ogden. born in 1783, married Joanna Crane; 
Abraham, born in 178s: and Marv, born in 
1787. 

(\II) Isaac, son of Cyrenus and Esther 
(Crane) Riggs, was born in Orange, New 
Jersey, November 8, 1779. He removed, with 
his father's family, to Amsterdam, New York, 
where he learned the printer's trade and 
founded the Schciuxtadv Cabinet, in 1809. He 
died in I'onda, New York, June 18, 1830. He 
married Catherine Seaman in 1808. Children: 
Stephen Seaman, born May, 1809, married 
Julia H. Vedder; Mary E., born July 31, 1812, 
married Henry Brown ; James, born Febru- 
ary 13, 1815, see forward; Caroline, married 
\'ernon Cuyler ; William, married Jellica 
Coons. 

(\'III) James, son of Isaac and Catherine 
(Seaman) Riggs, was born February 13, 1815, 
died August 21, 1854. He married, May 22, 

1843, Anna Odell, of New York City, born 
April 13. 1818, died Novembers, 1907. Chil- 
dren : Katharine Elizabeth, born February 22, 

1844, died October 22, 1904 ; Frederick James, 
born in Amsterdam, New York, May 3, 1847, 
see forward; Anna Odell, born May 20, 1854, 

■died August 24, 1855. 

(IX) Frederick James, son of James and 
Anna ( Odell ) Riggs, was born in Amsterdam, 
7\'ew York, May 3, 1847. He married, in 
Holliston, Massachusetts, December 19, 1872, 
Emma Louise Whiting. Children: i. Harry 
Whiting, born in Amsterdam, New York, Oc- 
tober 19, 1873 ; married, Albany, September 
7, 1899, Jennie Malcolm Tygart. residing in 
1910 at No. 190 Western avenue, Albany, 
New York. 2. Frederick William, born, Al- 
bany, January 13, 1876: died, Albany, May 
13, 1876. 3. Bertha Elizabeth, born in Al- 
bany, September 25, 1881, see forward. 4. 
\N'aldo Elbridge. born in Albany, November 
27, 1884, dietl in Albany, January 19, 1885. 
5. Katharine Estelle, born in Albany, ^lay 23, 
1890. 6. Marguerite, born in Albanv, August 
18, 1892. 

(X) Bertha Elizabeth, daughter of Fred- 
erick James and Emma Louise (Whiting) 
Riggs, was born in Albany, New York, Sep- 
tember 25, 1 88 1. She married, Albany, No- 
vember 23, 1904, Frank Elmendorf Selkirk. 



Child: Ehzabeth Whiting Selkirk, born Al- 
bany, October 22, 1906. (See Selkirk IV. ) 



The "Patronymica Brittannica" 
PITKIN gives the following derivation 
from the parent name Peter — 
"Petre, Peters, Peterkin, Pitkin, Peterken, 
Peterham, Pierce, Pienson, Perkin, Perkins, 
and others." The name of Pitkin is an ab- 
breviation or derivation of Peterkin, which is 
kin to Peter. The Royal borough of Berk- 
hamsted, St. Peters, Hertfordshire, appears to 
have been the English Jiome of the Pitkins at 
an early date, but the family is traceable over 
portions of Europe and the West Indies, ir- 
respective of the American branches. The 
name William seems to have been a favorite 
one in the family and was the name of the 
first representative in America. The name in 
America is an honored one and borne by a 
United States senator, three members of con- 
gress and state senators, a speaker of the 
house, forty members of the house and sen- 
ate, two attorney generals, three judges of 
supreme court, several judges of county and 
probate courts, several with degrees of D.D. 
and LL.D., colonial commissioners, a founder 
of the Western Reserve College, thirty clergy- 
men, two generals, a quartermaster-general, 
six colonels, numerous majors and command- 
ers, three graduates of West Point, two gover- 
nors, a lieutenant-governor, a historian of the 
United States, mayors, bank presidents, sur- 
geons in the United States army and navy, 
physicians, lawyers, business men innumerable, 
not to mention other important trusts con- 
ferred. "Seldom is it the fortune of any fam- 
ily to have numbered so many individuals 
raised to places of distinction, in the affairs of 
state." 

(I) William Pitkin, progenitor of the 
American family, came from England in 1659. 
Possessing an excellent education he soon 
gained the full confidence of the colonists. He 
settled at Hartford. Connecticut. He was 
educated for the law and perhaps also for the 
ministry, but the little colony into which he 
entered had no need of either lawyer or minis- 
ter, so he applied for and received permission 
to teach school at a salary of £8 per annum 
and a load of wood from each pupil or "three 
shillings in lieu of the wood." He was a man 
of wealtli ( part of which no doubt he brought 
with him from England), as there is evidence 
that he was the largest land owner on the 
east side of the river. He bequeathed in his 
will nearly eight hundred acres of land and 
his estate inventoried £700. He was admitted 
a freeman of Hartford, October 9, 1662, and 
appointed the same year prosecutor for the 



156 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



colony. In 1664 he was appointed by the 
King as attorney-general from 1675 to 1690, 
and annually represented Hartford in the co- 
lonial assembly. In 1676 he was chosen treas- 
urer of the colony, in 1676 he was appointed 
with Major Talcott to negotiate peace with 
the Indian tribes; in 1690 he was elected a 
member of the colonial council and so re- 
mained until death ; he was often employed 
by the governor as commissioner to settle dis- 
putes with other colonies. Aside from his 
profession he was a large planter, and had in- 
terests in a saw and grist mill. Although a 
member of the Church of England he asked 
for the rites of baptism for his cliildren in 
the Puritan Church, and they were so bap- 
tized. The records V assert that they all 
"owned their covenant" with and became 
members of the "First Church in Hartford." 
He left a large manuscript volume of reli- 
gious writings which shows him to have been 
a man of deep piety and of no mean knowl- 
edge of theology. "After having filled various 
and important offices, distinguished for his vir- 
tues and ability, he died December 16. 1694." 
He married, in 1661, Hannah Goodwin, bom 
in England in 1637, died February 12, 1724, 
only daughter of Hon. Ozias and I\Iary 
(Woodward) Goodwin, the progenitors of the 
Goodwin family in America. Children : Rog- 
er, see forward; William, born 1664, died 
April 5, 1723, married Elizabeth Stanley, was 
a most prominent man ; Hannah, born 1666, 
married Timothy Cowles ; John, born 1668, 
died 1706, unmarried; Nathaniel, born 1670, 
died February 20, 1733, married Hester Hos- 
mer; George, born Seiitember, 1675, died De- 
cember 23, 1702, unmarried ; Elizabeth, born 
October, 1677, married John Marsh ; Ozias, 
born September, 1679, died January 29, 1747, 
married Elizabeth Green. 

(II) Roger, eldest child of William "the 
ancestor," and Hannah (Cjoodwin) Pitkin, 
was born in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1662, 
died November 24, 1748. He was a farmer. 
He built and settled near his father on the 
first main street on a portion of his father's 
land. He was a leading citizen. He was one 
of the selectmen of the town for many years 
and its first school committeeman in 1720; was 
commissioner on the "Great Meadows," was 
appointed by the general assembly captain of 
the first militia company on the east side of 
the river, the then (1698) Third Company 
State Militia. He was actively engaged witli 
his command in defense of the town against 
the Indians in 1704 and in other troublous 
times. He "owned the covenant" with the 
"First Church of Hartford," November 22, 
1685 ; together with his wife, his brother Wil- 



liam and his wife, he was received into full 
communion .\ugust 14, 1692. He married,, 
in 1683, Hannah, born October 13, 1666, died 
November i, 1703, daughter of Captain Caleb 
and Hannah (Cowles) Stanley, of Hartford. 
Children : Hannah, married John Bidwell ,". 
Caleb, see forward ; Mary, married Timothy 
Porter ; Rachel, married Joseph House ; Ma- 
bel, died in infancy ; Jonathan, married Re- 
becca Smith; Mabel, married James Porter p 
Roger, married Esther Cowles. 

(IH) Caleb, eldest son of Roger and Han- 
nah (Stanley) Pitkin, was born in Hartford, 
Connecticut, August 19, 1687, died January 
ifi- 1773- He married (first) Dorothy, born- 
February 19, 1697, died April 17, 1746,. 
daughter of Jonathan and Dorothy (Hale) 
Hills. Children ; Dorothy, married John 
Goodwin ; Mary, married Samuel Bidwell ; 
Thankful, died December 17, 1742, unmar- 
ried ; Sarah, married Nathaniel Olmstead ; Ca- 
leb, see forward ; Nathaniel, married Thank- 
ful Porter ; Hannah, married Aaron Burn- 
ham ; Joshua, married Ann Stanley ; Jerusha, 
married Samuel Olmstead. He married (sec- 
ond) Deborah . 

(IV) Caleb (2), .son of Caleb (i ) and Dor- 
othy (Hills) Pitkin, was born in Hartford, 
Connecticut, in 1727, died October 2. 1768. 
He was known as "Ensign" Caleb. He mar- 
ried, in 1750, Damaris, died September 18, 
1773, daughter of Timothy and Hannah 
(Goodwin) Porter, who settled at New Hart- 
ford. Children: Caleb (3), died unmarried; 
Stephen, married Jemima Tyler ; Dorothy, 
married Isaac Steele; Damaris, married Jon- 
athan Marsli ; John, see forward ; Hannah, 
married John Porter; Timothy, married Sybil 
Cowles. 

(V) John, fifth child of Caleb (2) and 
Damaris (Porter) Pitkin, was born in Hart- 
ford, January 5, 1761, died .August i, 1837. 
He married, February 5, 1788, Rebecca, born 
December 24. 1764, died January 8, 1837, 

daughter of Elijah and (Roberts) An- 

drus, of Colebrook, Connecticut. Children : 
Sally, died at age of eighteen; John, died in 
infancy; John R.. see forward; Lucy, married 
Calvin N. Barljer; Elizabeth, married Bethuel 
Gilbert ; Dorothy, married Sleiting Frisbie. 

(VI) John Roberts, third child of John 
and Rebecca (Andrus) Pitkin, was born in 
Hartford, Connecticut, September 24, 1794, 
died September 2, 1874. He began his busi- 
ness career in early life with S. and L. Hul- 
burt. of Winchester, Connecticut, in a mercan- 
tile enterprise in .'\ugusta, Cieorgia. He re- 
mained in the south engaged in this and other 
lines until 1832, when he located in New York 
in the dry goods business. He was a man 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



157 



of great worth and varied talents. He fore- 
saw the enormous growth of New York City 
and the advantageous location of some of the 
Long Island contiguous property. He pro- 
jected, planned, and with indomitable will and 
energy founded the city of East New York 
and \\'oodhavcn, Long Island, and lived to see 
their growth and prosperity assured. He was 
a profound student of the questions affecting 
cajjital and labor and his fond hope was to 
see a union between them. He early argued 
that organized labor must be a competing ele- 
ment in many trades. He saw his position 
justified, more especially in the boot and shoe 
trade with wlnich he was familiar. His resi- 
dence was in Woodhaven, and he died in Brat- 
tleboro, \'ermont. He married (first) October 
I, 1823, Sophia M. Thrall, of Torrington, 
Connecticut, who died November 30, 1849. 
He married (second) June 11, 1857, Mary 
AUyn, born in 1826. died in the eighties, 
daughter of Luther and Mary Olive (Dickin- 
son) .\llyn. Children of first wife: George 
D., born NovemTjer 18, 1824, died February 
14, 1886, married Magdelene Vanderveer ; 
Frances .A., born October 17, 1827. married 
Isaac W. \'anderveer : Henrv F., died in in- 
fancy ; Georgianna L., born February 2. 1834, 
married Edgar W. Allyn ; Frederick E., born 
April 29, 1836, married Jane A. Hall ; Wol- 
cott H., of whom further; John W. S., born 
October 25, 1841, married Julia S. Pratt. 
Children of second wife : Mary Ella, born 
April 28, 1858: William T., died in infancy; 
Emma \'., born Julv 15, 1866. 

(\TI) Wolcott H', sixth child of John Rob- 
erts and Sophia M. (Thrall ) Pitkin, was born 
in Brooklyn. New York, December 22, 1838. 
Upon the death of his mother he went to live 
with his uncle, a farmer near Torrington, 
Connecticut. When nineteen years of age he 
entered mercantile life with the wholesale boot 
and shoe jobbing house of William Smith- 
Brown & Company. At the outbreak of the 
civil war that firm retired from business and 
he became interested in the East New York 
Boot and Shoe Leather Manufacturing Com- 
pany, founded by his father in 1858, at East 
New York, Long Island. In 1859 he was 
placed in cliarge of the company's works at 
Providence. Rhode Island. In 1866 he dis- 
continued the manufacture of the company's 
goods there, and under contract from the state 
of New York organized workshops in the 
Albany County Prison, where they manufac- 
tured goods until 1870. In that year the 
company built a 'factor\' on Hamilton street, 
Albany, fitted it witli modern shoemaking ma- 
chinery, and operated it until 181)5, when it 
■•was discontinued. Mr. Pitkin was manager 



of the Albany factory, and conducted it with 
marked success. Since retiring from manu- 
facturing he has devoted his attention to the 
care of his large real estate and other in- 
terests. Before his father's death he had re- 
ceived from him the charge of all his large 
real estate holdings in East New York and 
elsewhere on Long Island, and was a prime 
factor in the development of much business 
and residential property, which he advanta- 
geously improved, and much of which he dis- 
posed of to good advantage. In .Mbany he 
also purchased and imjiroved much valuable 
property, contributing in large degree to the 
advancement of the city in various localities. 
In 1909 he took up his residence in Congers, 
New York, noted for its beauty and health- 
fulness. Here he purchased a fine farm just 
on the outskirts of the village, and upon which 
he is now erecting a beautiful modern resi- 
dence, principally upon his own plans with 
an eye to attractiveness and the greatest pos- 
sible utility. In national politics Mr. Pitkin 
is a Republican ; in local affairs he has always 
pursued an independent course, supporting 
such candidates as were best fitted to subserve 
public interests. He is a charter member of 
the Fort Orange Club, Albany. His family 
are members of the Emanuel Baptist Church, 
Albany, which he attended while a resident of 
that city. He has traveled extensively, and 
in 1905 made a six months' tour of Europe 
with his family. 

Mr. Pitkin married, October 21, 1868, Mary 
\y., born July 15, 1846, daughter of H. C. 
Southwick, of Albany, New York. Children ; 
John R., born March 23, 1871, died November 
13- 1875 ; Sophia M., born January 20. 1874, 
died November 13, 1875 ; Edith Winifred, 
born March 7, 1877; graduate of Wellesley 
College, and of Tufts Medical College (from 
which she received the degree of M.D.), and 
of New York Post-Graduate School ; has had 
considerable experience in hospitals of New 
York, Boston and Worcester, Massachusetts, 
and is a capable physician ; resides with her 
father; Mary S., Ixjrn December, 1878, died 
March 20, 1886; Wolcott H., Jr.. born Decem- 
ber 6, 1881 ; graduate of Harvard University 
and Harvard Law School ; is engaged in the 
practice of law under LInited States District 
Attorney Wise, in New York City. 



The family name of Stedman 
STEDM.\N is derived from the word 

signifying a place enclosed ; a 
station, or standing-place, thus first applied to 
a man who undoubtedly dwelt in an enclosed 
place, as cities were anciently walled, and in 
the Dutch "stad" and ""stede" signifv a town. 



158 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Evidently when the first man to accept this 
cognomen appeared away from his home he 
was hailed or known more or less widely as 
"the man from the city," or from the place 
within walls, and so as to distingush him 
from any others bearing a similar given name, 
such as John, he was called "John from the 
city," which was equivalent to saying "John 
Stedman." 

(I) John Stedman, the progenitor in Amer- 
ica of the Albany branch of the Stedman fam- 
ily of which any positive record appears, prob- 
ably emigrated with his brother, Thomas Sted- 
man, to New London, Connecticut. He re- 
moved to Hartford, where in 1651 he lived on 
Wall street, and later he moved to Wethers- 
field, Connecticut, where he lived on what 
was known in 1910 as Jordans Lane. He was 
apparentlv one of the leading men of the then 
western part of Connecticut. For several 
years he was a member of the general court, 
or assembly, of that colony. As an influential 
and representative Church of England man, 
he, with others, signed a memorial demanding 
to be released from paying taxes for the sup- 
port of the state church and ministers who 
would not administer communion to or baptize 
the children of such men. He was commis- 
sioned lieutenant of the Hartford County Dra- 
goons, and while in command of that organ- 
ization was killed on December 19, 1675, in 
the Great Fort fight with the Narragansett 
Indians at South Kingston, Rhode Island. He 
is buriefl at Wethersfield, Connecticut. To 
John and liis wife, Elizabeth, according to the 
records of the First Church of Hartford, were 
born six children: John, April 5, 1651 ; Mary, 
September 24, i(>53 : Thomas, October 9, 
1655: Robert, February i, 1658, see forward; 
Samuel, February 17, ifi6o; Elizabeth, No- 
vember 9, 1665. 

(II) Robert, son of John and Elizabeth 
Stedman, was born at Hartford, Connecticut, 
February i, 1658. He removed to Windsor, 
Connecticut, about 1690. He seems to have 
been active in church aiifairs, having in 1694 
signed a petition for a minister in Windsor- 
Farms, and obtained permission for his sons 
Robert and Joseph to sit on the beams of the 
meeting-house during service. He had at 
least two children, Robert, whose birth does 
not appear to be recorded, and Josc])h, see for- 
ward. 

(III) Joseph, son of Robert Stedman, was 
born at Windsor, Connecticut, in .\pril, 1686, 
and according to the records of the First 
Church in Hartford, was baptized on April 
4, 1686. He built the first house in Wap- 
ping, and thereby aroused the anger of the 
Indians, who fired on him, and on one occa- 



sion an Indian's bullet pierced his clothes and' 
grazed his skin. The section of Windsor still' 
known as Stedman Hill is probably the site 
of this house. According to Stiles "Ancient. 
Windsor," he married, January 7, 1709, Sarah 
Taylor, born July 6, 1679, at Suffolk ; died- 
December 24, 1762, daughter of Stephen and 
Joanna (Porter) Taylor. Children: Sarah,, 
born ]\lay 22, 1710: Sarah: Stephen, July 30, 
1718; Ebenezer, August 31, 1721; Phineas, 
November i, 1723. 

(I\') Phineas. son of Joseph and' Sarah 
(Taylor) Stedman, was born at Windsor, 
Connecticut, November i, 1723. He removed 
from Windsor, and is said to have lived a 
short time in Stafford, Connecticut. Later he 
removed to Chicopee (now a part of Spring- 
field), Massachusetts, where he is found listed 
i" 1 775' vvith his two sons, fov assessment. 
Children: Phineas, born 1750; married Sarah 
I loward : John, see forward. 

( \' ) John ( 2 ) , son of Phineas Stedman, was 
born in July, 1753, either at Wind,sor or Staf- 
ford, Connecticut, and died in Southbridge, 
Massachusetts, in 1794. The Massachusetts 
soldiers' record states that he was a minute- 
man, and served at least three months in the 
continental army during the siege of Boston. 
Copeland's "History of Hampden County, 
Mass." says : "\V'hen the struggle of the col- 
onies with the mother country broke out at 
Lexington, messengers were sent to the set- 
tlements on the Connecticut for soldiers, and 
sixty-two men from Springfield responded on 
the moment, of whom Chicopee furnished 
* * * John Stedman and Phineas 

Stedman, Jr. * * * On April 24th, 
Gideon Burt's company was enlisted for three 
months' service as follows ; * * * 
privates * * * John .Stedman * * *." 
John Stedman married. .^eptemlier 25, 
1777, Hannah Howard, born March 28, 
1755, died March 26, 1842. at Stur- 
hridge, Massachusetts. Children : i . Ben- 
jamin, born August 8, 1778, died, un- 
married, January, 1802. 2. Joseph, April 28, 
1781, see forward. 3. John, February 3. 1783; 
married I'athsheba Sherman: died October i, 
1857. 4. Elflcda, May 28, 1785, died, un- 
married, Decemljer 5, 1843. 5- Tryphena, 
May 14, 1788; married Waterman Potter; 
died December 17, 1867. 6. Beman. August 
22. 1790: married Lucinda Tiffany: died June 
12, 1865. 7. Lemuel, March \C^. 1793; 
all probably born at Chicopee, Massachusetts. 

(\'I) Joseph (2). son of John (2) and 
Hannah (Howard) Stedman, was born April' 
28, 1 78 1, jorobably at Chicopee. Massachusetts, 
died at Southbridge, Massachusetts, .\ugust 
18, 1852. He married, October 19, 1806, at 



HUDSON AXD MOHAWK \ALLEYS 



159 



Southbridge. Massachusetts. Matilda Clark, 
born, probably at Southbridge. August 22, 
1787. died at Southbridge, Ajjril 27, 1747, 
daughter of Lieutenant Isaac and Anna (Bix- 
bv ) Clark. All their children were born at 
Southbridge, Massachusetts. Children: i. 
John Porter, born December 20, 1808, see for- 
ward. 2. Francis A.. July 24. 1810: married 
Marrietta Hooker; died at Worcester, Massa- 
chusetts, March 3, 1847. 3. Lucian, .\pril 11, 
1812. died in infancy. 4. Caroline, June 29, 
1814, died unmarried, January 4. 1885. at Tay- 
lor's Falls. Minneapolis. 5. Alatilda. April 13. 
1819; married Ward Folsom ; died at Taylor's 
F"alls, Minnesota, February 4, 1901. 6. Jos- 
eph, August 20. 1821 : married Lillie Percy; 
died April 20. 1870. at Los Angeles, Califor- 
nia. 7. William C. January 22, 1826; mar- 
ried Ruth Ann I jrown ; died June 5, 1898, at 
South Boston, Massachusetts. 

(XTI) John Porter, son of Joseph (2) and 
Matilda (Clark) Stedman. was born in what 
is now the town of Southbridge. Massachu- 
setts, in that portion known as Globe \"illage, 
December 20. 1808. There he lived until his 
death. November 26. 1884. He was educated 
at the public school of that village. During 
the whole of his business career he was in the 
employ of the Hamilton Woolen Company of 
Southbridge. Beginning as a boy worker in 
the wool-sorting room, he advanced through 
successive grades to that of the wool purchaser 
for the concern, which position he held for 
a number of vears. Having acquired a suf- 
ficient estate and tiring of the traveling which 
his ixTsition demanded, he resigned his office 
and devoted the latter years of his life to pub- 
lic matters. When the First Baptist Church 
of Southbridge was organized, he was made 
church clerk, and held this office for many 
years. He was on different occasions the 
treasurer of the same church. Several times 
he was chosen selectman of the town. He 
was trustee of the Southbridge Savings Bank, 
1848-80; vice-president of it, 1858-74, and its 
president 1874-80. John Porter Stedman 
married, at Southbridge. Massachusetts. June 
5. 182S. Thais Maria Hooker, born at Charl- 
ton. AFassachusetts, February 2~. 1801, died 
there February 12. 1852, daughter of John 
Parker Hooker (the son of Amos Hooker, 
a corporal in a Massachusetts regiment dur- 
ing the war of the revolution) and Polly 
(Winslnw) Hooker. Children, born in 
Southl)ri(lge, Massachusetts: i. John Hook- 
er, born November 26. 1829; married Sarah 
Edwards, died October, 1850, without chil- 
dren. 2. George Lavater, November 3, 1831, 
see forward. 3. Harriet Maria, May 19, 1834, 
died in 1837. 4. Maria Clark. May 9. 1837; 



married Joseph D. Dexter, and in 1910 was 
residing at San Diego, California. 5. Mary 
L., June 13, 1840; married Charles B. Sum- 
ner; died July, i8(;3, at Pomona. California. 
(\HI) George Lavater, son of John Por- 
ter and Thais Maria (Hooker) Stedman, was 
born in Southbridge. Massachusetts, Novem- 
ber 3, 1831, died in Albany, New York, March 
15, 1898. He received his early education in 
the public school of his native place and at 
the high school of Springfield, Massachusetts. 
Later he attended Worcester Academy and 
the University grammar school at Providence, 
Rhode Island. He entered Brown Lhiiversity 
in 1852. At graduation he was president of 
his class which inaugurated the modern class- 
day at Brown. He was graduated therefrom 
in 1856, second in his class with the degree 
of A.B.. and with the honor of salutatorian. In 
college he was a member of Phi Beta Kappa 
and Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternities, and his 
college gave him the degree of A.M. He then 
entered the .Albany Law School, from which 
he was graduated in 1857 with the degree of 
LL.B. The same year he was admitted to the 
bar at Albany, of which city he then became 
a resident, and in which he practiced law un- 
til his death. He was there successively a 
member of the law firm of Stedman &• Strong; 
.Stedman & Shepard ; Stedman. Thompson & 
.Andrews, and latterly of Stedman & Stedman. 
all located at No. 445 Broadway, Albany. In 
1 87 1. Mr. Stedman took up his residence in 
Loudonville. a suburb of Albany. His inter- 
ests outside of his family, profession and his 
farm were mainly religious and educational. 
He was elected trustee of the school at Loudon- 
ville and mainly through his efiforts it was 
changed from a district school to a modern 
grammar school. He had in his young man- 
hood joined the Baptist church in South- 
bridge, and on coming- to .Albany became a 
member of the then Pearl Street (in 1910 the 
Emmanuel ) Baptist Church, and was closely 
identified with it for the remainder of his life. 
At his death he was said to be the leading 
representative of the Baptists in Albany. He 
was president of the New York Baptist Union 
for Ministerial Education, 1885-98 ;. trustee of 
the Rochester Theological Seminary, 1885-98; 
trustee of Colgate University, 1890-98; pres- 
ident and trustee of Hudson River Baptist 
Association North. 1883-98; chairman of its 
missionary committee. 1886-98. and modera- 
tor of its meeting in 1883; trustee of the Em- 
manuel Baptist Church of Albany, 1883-98. 
and clerk of the church, 1864-67. He was for 
many years superintendent of the Loudon- 
ville Union Sabbath school, and was promi- 
nent in the founding of the Baptist Social 



i6o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Union of Albany and Troy, serving as presi- 
dent of the association for two terms. He 
was one of the organizers and trustees of the 
New York and New England Agricultural 
Association ; organizer and trustee of the peo- 
ple's Gas Company of Albany, 1880-85 : a life 
member and at one time secretary of the Al- 
bany Young Alen's Association ; vice-president 
of the Young Men's Christian Association ; 
and one of the earliest promoters of 
the Albany Historical and Art Society. At 
the time of his death he was counsel for the 
town of Colonic, in which he resided, and the 
law for the organization of which he drew. 
The judgment of his fellows as to his char- 
acteristics and attainments is attested by the 
following excerpt from the minutes of a meet- 
ing of the Albany Bar Association held in 
his memory, "tie became a good lawyer by 
doing good work. * * * Abundance of 
professional work came to him from the first 
and he was known to do it well. * * * 
Then, as years went on, great financial in- 
terests more and more sought his help. Mon- 
eyed corporations became his clients, large 
manufacturing establishments invoked his gui- 
dance, ecclesiastical and educational interests 
were intrusted to his charge, large estates 
came under his management. * * * He 
was an able lawyer, grounded in the principles 
of law, conversant with leading cases 
* * * he was a safe, trustworthy, and wise 
counsellor. * * * But Mr. Stedman was 
not alone an excellent lawyer : he was a wise 
counsellor in the practical aiifairs of life which 
do not touch the law. He was a kind friend, 
a consistent and useful churchman, a good 
neighbor." 

George L. Stedman married, Albany, May 
6, 1863, Adda Maud Shuler, Woolverton, 
daughter of George Alonzo and Caroline 
(Shuler) Woolverton (see Woolverton \T) ; 
she was born in Albany, May 29, 1840, died 
at Loudonvillc, Albany county. New York, 
September 28. 1909. Children: i. George 
Woolverton, born in Albany, September 9. 
1864, see forward. 2. Frank White, Albany, 
December 7. 1867, see forward. 3. John Por- 
ter, Loudon ville, New York. April 8, 1871, 
see forward. 4. Charles Sumner, Loudon- 
ville. November 6, 1874, see forward. 

Adda Maud Shuler (Woolverton) Stedman 
was daughter of (jeorge Alonzo and Caroline 
(Shuler) Woolverton. She was born at Al- 
bany, New York, May 29, 1840, died at Lou- 
donville. Albany county. New York, Septem- 
ber 28. 1909. She received her education at 
the .Albany Academy for Girls ( formerly the 
Albany Female .Academy), from which insti- 
tution she was graduated in 1859, and to which 



she always gave her aflfectionate interest, be- 
ing a member since graduation of its Alumnae 
Association and of its Semper Fidel is Society. 
Early in life she became a member of the 
Pearl Street Baptist Church of Albany, now 
the Emmanuel, and the early religious intlu- 
ence of her home and church she carried 
into her maturer years, being a devoted mem- 
ber of the church until her death, a teacher 
and superintendent of the primary department 
of the Loudonville Union Sunday school, the 
president of the Woman's Baptist Missionary 
Society of her church froin the death of her 
mother, a former president, until her own 
death, and an active supporter of all mission- 
ary enterprises, both home and foreign. She 
was frequently a delegate to conventions and 
meetings of religious and missionary societies, 
joining her devotion to them with her love 
of travel. Her philanthropic and educational 
interests were numerous and widespread, es- 
pecially prominent being her gifts to an art 
collection at Colgate University at Hamilton, 
New York, in memory of her husband. Mrs. 
Stedman's position as president for many 
years of the Home for Aged Men of Albany, 
as manager of the Albany Guardian Society, 
as a member of the Auxiliary of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, and as manager 
of the Young Women's Christian Association, 
and her interest in many of Albany's other 
pliilanthropic institutions, all bear testimony 
to her numerous benefactions. During the 
many years of Mrs. Stedman's varied public 
interests and activities, her devotion to her 
home and friends was never sacrificed, and 
she is especially remembered as a home 
builder. 

(IX) George \\'oolverton, son of George 
Lavater and Adda Maud Shuler ( Woolver- 
ton) Stedman, was born in Albany, New 
York, September 9, 1864. He removed with 
his parents to Loudonville in 187 1, where he 
has since resided, his winter home in 1910 
being at No. 100 Chestnut street. Albany. He 
attended in succession the Loudonville Union 
I'ree School, the Albany Academy, from which 
he was graduated in 1883, the University of 
Rochester, from which he was graduated in 
1885 with tlie degree of li.S., and the .Albany 
Law School, from which be was graduatc'(l in 
1887, with the degree of LL.B. While in col- 
lege he was a member of the Delta Kappa 
Epsilon fraternity, and in the Law School lie 
joined the Phi Delta Phi fraternity. Later 
he was given the degree of M.S. by his col- 
lege. He was admitted to jiractice law in 
1887. and was the following year taken into 
the law ]iartnership of Stedman, Thompson 
& .Andrews, of which his father was the se- 



HUDSON AND ^.lOHAWK X'ALLEYS 



i6i 



nior member. In 1896 his father and he formed 
the partnership of Stedman & Stedman, and 
upon the death of the former, the son asso- 
ciated his brother, Charles S., with him under 
the same firm name. This' firm has continued 
to practice law till now, 1910, in the same of- 
fice where his father studied and practiced at 
Albany. j\Ir. Stedman is interested in several 
religious, educational and financial institutions. 
He is and has been for over ten years a trus- 
tee and secretary of the Emmanuel Baptist 
Church of Albany, of which he is a member; 
trustee and president of the Hudson River 
Baptist Association North, and has been mod- 
erator of that association ; and for over fif- 
teen years a trustee of Colgate University.^ 
He was a trustee of the Albany Academy and 
the first president of its Alumni Association ; 
trustee of the Baptist Union for ministerial 
•education ; director of the People's Gas Com- 
pany of Albany, the Park Bank of Albany, 
and the National Exchange Bank of same city. 
He is a director of the First National Bank 
of .Albany, the Union Trust Company, and 
the City Safe Deposit Company, of Albany. 
In politics he is a strong Republican. On the 
formation of the town of Colonic, Albany 
county, he was elected a justice of the peace 
and thereby became a member of the first 
town board of that town. He was a delegate 
to the state Republican convention in 1894, 
and in 1897 was elected member of the New 
York assembly from the fourth district of 
Albany county, when he served on the impor- 
tant committees of judiciary and internal af- 
fairs. He is a member of the Fort Orange 
Club, the Albany County Bar Association, 
the Albany Chamber of Commerce, the Al- 
bany Country Club and of the Albany Insti- 
tute and Historical and Art Society. On June 
18, 1898, at Loudonville, he married Harriet 
Teresa Mather, born at Albany, New York, 
December 23, 1865, daughter of Adrian On- 
derdonk Mather, born at Burlington, Otsego 
countv. New York, May 22, 1835, died hdy 
18, 1883, and Sarah (Whitford) Mather, born 
at New Lisbon, Otsego county, New York, 
October 30, 1839. Mr. and I\Irs. George W. 
'Stedman have one child, George Woolverton, 
Jr., born at Loudonville, Albany county. New 
York. September 28, 1900. 

(IX) Frank A\'hite, son of George Lavater 
and Adda Maud Shuler (Woolverton) Sted- 
man, was born at Albany, New York, De- 
cember 7, 1867. He removed with his par- 
ents to Loudonville, New York, in 1871, and 
returned to Albany after his marriage in 1893, 
and removed to Utica in 1901, where he re- 
.■sided in 19 10. He attended the Loudonville 
^nion Free School and the Albany Academy. 



Starting early upon a business career, he was 
employed for a few years by the People's 
Gas Company, of Albany, and by Tracey & 
Wilson of the same city. For a short time 
he was a wholesale dealer in coal, and later 
a manufacturer of paste, all at Albany. On 
removal to Utica, he entered upon the 
manufacture of adhesives on a large 
scale, and after several years of hard 
work established under the name of 
the Tacks Manufacturing Company, a 
prosperous business with distributing agencies 
in England and throughout this country. In 
1896 he was elected a director of the Albany 
Art Union. He was one of the first members 
of Philip Livingston Chapter, Sons of the 
Revolution. He is a member of the Emman- 
uel Baptist Church of Albany. He married, 
Albany, February 14, 1893, Clara H., daughter 
of Ralph \\'. and Ann Elizabeth (Glazier) 
Thacher, Children : Woolverton Thacher, born 
at Albany, July 12, 1895, and PVancis (Frank) 
White, Jr., Ixirn at Utica, January 19, 1909. 

(IX) John Porter, son of George Lavater 
and Adda Maud Shuler (Woolverton) Sted- 
man, was born at Loudonville, New York, 
April 8, 1871, died, unmarried, at Albany, 
New York, March 24, 1910. His earliest edu- 
cation was obtained at the Loudonville Union 
Free School, after which he entered the Al- 
bany Academy, from which he received its 
mathematical diploma on his graduation in 
1890. Shortly afterward he entered the em- 
ploy of his brother, Frank W., who was then 
in the coal business in Albany, and remained 
with him until 1897. He then formed a part- 
nership with Herbert Best, under the firm 
name of Best & Stedman, and with him con- 
ducted a large wholesale drug business for 
several years at Albany. In 1903 Mr. Sted- 
man retired from this business, and to regain 
his health traveled extensively througli prac- 
tically every section of North America. Since 
that time he also devoted himself to agricul- 
ture. He was a member of the New York 
State Fruit Growers' Association and the 
Western New York Florticultural Society, and 
had been assistant superintendent of the New 
York and New England Agricultural Society. 
By the constant attendance at the meetings of 
these societies and close study of the latest 
authorities on these subjects, as well as by 
independent experiments, he became one of 
the leading exponents in his county of mod- 
ern methods of farming, and made of the 
place where he was born and continued to re- 
side until his death, a model farm. He was 
concerned in numerous religious and chari- 
table institutions. .\t the time of his death he 
was a deacon of Emmanuel Baptist Church 



1 62 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



of Albany, where he was long an active mem- 
ber, and president of the board of managers 
of the Albany City Mission. He had served 
as moderator of the Hudson River Baptist As- 
sociation North, and was on numerous occa- 
sions chosen as delegate to the conventions 
of various organizations identified with his 
church and denomination. 

(IX) Charles Sumner, son of George La- 
vater and Adda Maud Shuler (Woolverton) 
Stedman, was born at Loudonville, New York, 
November 6, 1874. He was educated at the 
Loudonville Union Free School, the Albany 
Academy and Brown University, from which 
he was graduated in 1896 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Philosophy, and then took the 
course at the Albany Law School, graduating 
in 1898. He was admitted to the bar, July 
6, 1898, and associated himself with his broth- 
er, George W. Stedman, under the firm name 
of Stedman & Stedman, continuing the part- 
nership which had existed between his father 
and brother. He has been president of the 
Brown University Alumni Association of Al- 
bany; secretary and treasurer of the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon Association of Eastern New 
York ; secretary of the Albany Baptist Mis- 
sionary Union, 1896- 1906, and its president, 
1907-09. He has served continuously on the 
missionary committee of the Hudson River 
Baptist Association North since the death of 
his father, March 15, 1898. who had been 
chairman for many years. He is actively in- 
terested in the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation of Albany, and has served as director 
since February i, 1901. He has been secre- 
tary and a director of the yMbany Academy 
Alumni Association, an organizer of the Al- 
bany Industrial Brotherhood, an organizer and 
treasurer of the Albany Grenfell .A.ssociation, 
an organizer of the Committee of Prevention 
of Tuberculosis of the State Charities Aid As- 
sociation, charter member of the Albany 
County Bar Association, and its secretary 
since January, 1908. He has been a director 
of the Albany Insurance Company since 1893. 
He is a member of the Emmanuel Baptist 
Church of Albany, and has held numerous of- 
fices in the various organizations identified 
with the church. He is a member of the Fort 
Orange, University and Albany Automobile 
clubs, and secretary of the University Club. 
He has always maintained his residence at 
Loudonville, New York. He married at lou- 
donville. New York, September 20, 1899, 
Agnes Lauder McEwan, born at Albany, Jan- 
uary 28, 1876. daughter of Walter McEwan, 
born at Glascow, Scotland, June i, 1843, and of 
Abby Stuart (McKissick) McEwan, (see Mc- 
Kiss'ick IV), born May 18, 1851, at Albany. 



Children : Charles Sumner, Jr., born at Al- 
bany, April 9, 1902 ; Walter Stuart, Albany,. 
March 20, 1904; Richard Lauder, Loudon- 
ville, July 9, 1907. 

(The Woolverton Line). 

Charles Woolverton, of Amwell, Hunterdorp 
county (formerly a part of Burlington coun- 
ty), New Jersey, is the first ancestor of the 
Mohawk Valley Woolvertons of which we 
have absolute records. In a deed to him in 
the west Jersey records, consisting of a hun- 
dred acres of land and bearing date August 
20, 1693, ''•s 's described as a husbandman of 
Burlington county, in that colony. In "Snell'a 
History of Hunterdon County, New Jersey," 
it is stated that on March 2, 17 14, he pur- 
chased a tract of one thousand six hundred' 
and sixty-five acres, in and about Rosemont, 
New Jersey, and upon his death left two hun- 
dred and eighty acres to each of his six sons ; 
that he came from Long Island, and that the 
family originally came from Wolverhampton, 
England. 

There are reasons for believing that Charles 
Woolverton emigrated from England with his 
brothers, John and Gabriel, and after living 
a short time on Long Island, moved about 
1680 to the Pennsylvania bank of the Dela- 
ware river, from which locality he soon re- 
moved to Burlington county, on the opposite 
bank. Besides being a man of considerable 
means, he appears to have been one of the 
leading men in his community. On the erec- 
tion of Hunterdon county, he was in 1721 
elected one of its first five justices of the 
peace, and thereafter was frequently called on 
to witness his neighbors' wills. He is sup- 
posed to be the Charles Woolverton who, in 
1 73 1, was appointed overseer of the Friends 
(Quakers), settled at Bethlehem. .\11 his chil- 
dren were probably born near Rosemont, New 
Jersey. Children: i. Charles, born January 

17, 1698; married Margaret ; died in 

October, 1765, at Amwell, New Jersey. 2. 
Roger, December i, 1700. 3. Mary, April 11, 
1702. 4. Daniel, March 8, 1704. 5. Isaac, 
April 24. 1706. 6. Dennis, January 26, 1709, 
see forward. 7. David. March 25, 171 1. 8. 
Joel, born May 31, 1715- 9. Thomas, Alay 
II, 1717. 

(II) Dennis, son of Charles Woolverton,. 
was born January 26, 1709, probably at Rose- 
mont, New Jersey, died .August 9, 1774, being- 
buried at tile place of his birth. He was^ 
for several years church warden of the church' 
at Kingwood. By his will he gave his home- 
stead to his wife, Elizabeth, and their son,. 
Jonathan, and to his daughter, Mary, and his- 
grandson, Nathaniel, his plantation, describ- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \-ALLEYS 



163 



ing the latter as "the only son of my oldest 
son Charles." He married Elizabeth Pettit. 
Children: i. Charles, born at Rosemont, New 
Jersey, see forward. 2. Mary, married Gen- 
eral Daniel Bray, May 2, 1772. 3. Jonathan, 
born 1754, married Mary Bancroft; removed 
to Canada, probably locating at Forty Mile 
Creek in October, 1798, where he died in 1831. 

(HI) Charles, son of Dennis and Elizabeth 
(Pettit) Woolverton, was probably born at 
Rosemont, New Jersey. He was accidentally 
drowned in the Delaware river in 1763. He 
married Anne, daughter of John Jewell, of 
Amwell, New Jersey, by whom he had but 
a single child, Nathaniel, see forward. It is 
probable that this John Jewell is responsible 
for the connection of the Woolvertons with 
the Baptists of the Mohawk Valley, in which 
denomination they have been prominent for 
four generations. Barbor & Howe's "His- 
torical Collections of New Jersey" relates that 
John Jewell and others built the first Baptist 
church in the town of Amwell in 1766, and 
that, at one time the church was without a 
pastor, the regular supply being shut out of 
the house by Mr. Jewell because he was 
thought to be too favorable to the British. 

(I\' ) Nathaniel, son of Charles and Anne 
(Jewell) W'oolverton. was born January 14, 
1763, probably at Ringwood, New Jersey, died 
at Cilen, Montgomery county, New York, No- 
vember 22, 1835, His mother marrying short- 
ly after his father's death and while Nathaniel 
was a young boy, he was taken into the house- 
hold of his maternal grandfather, John Jewell, 
and lived with him in Amwell, New Jersey, 
until his own marriage, January 4, 1786, at 
Amwell, to Pamelia Hudnut, born July 2, 
1770, died at Glen, New York, September i, 
1853. For a year or two after his marriage, 
he resided in Amwell and then removed to 
Ringwood, New Jersey, probably to the farm 
that came to him from the estate of his grand- 
father, Dennis Woolverton. After living there 
some six years, he removed to Montgomery 
county, New York, and on September 29, 
1794, purchased for £550 a farm of two hun- 
dred acres in William Corey patent. This 
farm is situated in the present towns of Glen 
and Charleston, Montgomery county. Upon 
this estate Nathaniel Woolverton erected a 
fine, substantial house, which was standing in 
1910, and there reared his large family. He 
continued to live there until his death. He 
and his wife are buried in the cemetery of 
the Baptist Church at Charleston, New York. 
One of his granddaughters describing him 
says : "He was a man of heroic courage, stir- 
ling integrity, a firm believer in God and His 
attributes, and generous in word and deed." 



Children: i. Edward, born at Amwell, New 
Jersey, January 11, 1787, see forward. 2. 
Ann, born May 16, 1789, at Ringwood, New 
Jersey ; married, January 5, 1827, Phineas 
Rowley, of Cherry V^alley ; died October 9, 
1878: both he and his wife buried at Charles- 
ton, New York. 3. Charles, born at Charles- 
ton, New York, April 5, 1791 ; married. May 
II, 1812, Margaret Blair; both died in Au- 
gust, 1825, at Charleston, of yellow fever. 4. 
Sarah, born February 16, 1793; married, No- 
vember II, 1815, Ephraim Wilcox, died June 

2, 1855, in Ohio. 5. John Dennis, born Jan- 
uary 30, 1795; married, June 20, 1822, Ada- 
line McNamee; died October 31, 1830, in 
Vincennes, Indiana. 6. Charlotte, born Decem- 
ber 27, 1797 ; married, September 9, 1828, 
Peter Wyckoff, of New York, died February 

3, 1865 ; both he and wife buried in Albany. 7. 
Mary, born June 6, 1799; married, January 
I, 1820, Peleg Osborn, a descendant of the 
House of York, England; died April 12, 1867, 
at Saratoga, New York. 8. Hiram, born Oc- 
tober 15, 1800, died March 12, 1830, at Wool- 
verton Homestead, in Charleston, New York. 
9. Keron Happuck, born October 12, 1802; 
married, January 22, 1829, Lyman Haughton ; 
died September i, 1853, at Toledo, Ohio. 10. 
Gains, born November 23, 1804; married, 
March, 1839, Gazena Margaret Visscher. 11. 
Lucretia, born November 22, 1806, died at 
Glen, New York, April 6, 1881. 12. Rhoda, 
born June 4, 1808, died March 13, 1809. 13. 
Ozias, born April 28, 1810, died February 
14, 181 1. 14. Nathaniel Hart, April 18, 1814, 
at Charleston, New York ; married, January 

4, 1849 ; Jane Overbaugh ; died at Glen, New 
York, April 29, 1867. 

(V) Edward, son of Nathaniel and Pamelia 
(Hudnut) Woolverton, was born at Amwell, 
New Jersey, January 11, 1787, died at Pitts- 
field, Massachusetts, Septeml>er 4, 1874. His 
grave is beside that of his wife in the Albany 
Rural Cemetery. His early married life was 
spent in Charleston, New York, but about 
1827 he removed to Oppenheim, New York, 
then to Canajoharie, New York, in 1830, and 
in 1832 to Albany, New York, where he lived 
thereafter until his death, excepting perhaps 
for a brief period when he was at Grand 
Spring, Wisconsin, He was at first a farmer, 
later lie dealt considerably in livestock and 
subsequently, at Albany, was a forwarder of 
goods, principally on boats plying the Hudson 
river. A dignified man, with a large, clean- 
shaven face, always appearing in an old-fash- 
ioned stock tie, he impressed his great-grand- 
children, who remember him, as a true gentle- 
man of the old school. He was long a mem- 
ber of the Pearl Street (now Emmanuel) Bap- 



164 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



list Church of Albany. Edward Woolverton 
married, at Glen, Montgomery county, New 
York, June 5, 181 1, Asenath Wilcox, born 
there March 17, 1790, died, at Albany, July 
31, 1857, daughter of Sylvanus and Sarah 
(Johnson) Wilcox, (see Wilcox VI). Chil- 
dren: I. Lavinia, born at Charleston, New 
York, May 2, 1812, died, unmarried, at Al- 
bany, New York, September 14, 1889. 2. 
George Alonzo, Charleston, September 12, 
1813 ; see forward. 3. Sarah Anne, Charles- 
ton, October 31, 1815 ; married, at Albany, 
September 28, 1836, Peter Monteath ; died Oc- 
tober 28, 1883, at Albany. 4. Henry Morti- 
mer, Charleston, January 28, 1818; married, 
Cleveland, Ohio, August 12, 1844, Louisa 
Johnson ; died at Topeka, Kansas, March 24, 
1874, and is buried at Albany in the Rural 
Cemetery. 5. Chestine, Charleston, July 12, 
1821 ; married, at Albany, September 7, 1847, 
James Collin ; died at Bridgeport, Connecti- 
cut, March 16. 1883. 6. Harriet, Charlestown, 
August 18, 1824; married, Albany, Decem- 
ber 9, 1844, Jenkins W. Scoville, of Grand 
Spring, Wisconsin ; died at Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia, May, 1908. 7. Elizabeth, Oppenheim, 
New York, December 4, 1826 ; married, at 
IMadison, Wisconsin, July 9. 1850, James Du- 
ane Ruggles ; died at San Francisco, Califor- 
nia, March 20, 1897. 

(VI) George Alonzo, son of Edward and 
Asenath (Wilcox) W^oolverton, was born in 
Charleston, Montgomery county. New York, 
September 12, 1813, died at Albany, New 
York, May 5, 1896, where he was buried with 
his wife in the Albany Rural Cemetery. His 
childhood and youth were spent in Montgom- 
ery county and he there received his educa- 
tion in the district schools of Charleston, Op- 
penheim and Canajoharie. He came to Al- 
bany in 1832 with his father, for whom he 
worked at farming until about the time he 
became of age. Shortly after he moved to 
Albany, where he resided until his death, he 
became clerk in a store in that city where 
boots and shoes were sold. Becoming in this 
manner familiar with that business he, in 1837, 
started a wholesale boot and shoe business for 
himself, and continued in it until his retire- 
ment from business in 1882. Not content with 
being merely a buyer and seller, he soon be- 
gan manufacturing his own goods. By his 
activity, industn,-, frugality and keen business 
insight, he built up a large business, and was 
in this, as in all his other business ventures, 
very successful. During the years i860 to r870, 
he also conducted a wholesale hat business, 
and for a time was largely interested in a line 
of barges sailing between Albany and New 
York City, ^^'hile in all these enterprises he 



had at times partners, chiefly relatives, he 
was the leading man in them. In 1879 cir- 
cumstances gave him control of one of the gas 
companies of Albany, and in 1880 he became 
the president and chief administrative officer 
of the People's Gas Company of Albany. In 
1864 he, with several other prominent men, 
organized the Merchants' National Bank of 
Albany, and was on its first board of directors, 
continuing in that capacity until 1895, when 
he retired following thirty years of service. 
He was a pronouncedly religious man, and 
particularly active in the support of the Pearl 
Street (now Emmanuel) Baptist Church of 
Albany, in which he and his wife, his father 
and most of his sisters were baptized in 1840. 
In the latter years of his life he was consid- 
ered the leading man in that church. He 
generously supported the institutions of his 
denomination, particularly those connected 
with its ministry, it being said that at one time 
he was supporting in whole or in part eight 
students for the ministry. He was one of the 
incorporators of the Hudson River Baptist 
Association North. From 1884 until his death 
in 1896 he was vice-president of the New 
York Baptist LInion for ministerial education, 
and from 1885 to 1896 was trustee of Colgate 
L^niversity, and from before 1870 to 1896 a 
trustee of Emmanuel Baptist Church. 

George Alonzo Woolverton married, at 
Glen, New York, July 11, 1838, Caroline Shu- 
ler (see Shuler II). She was born at Florida, 
Montgomery county, New York, July 20, 
1814, died at Albany, New York, July 31, 
1894, daughter of John and Hannah (Buck) 
Shuler. A sketch of his life would be very 
incomplete without a reference to that of his 
wife, who was in truth a helpmeet. Of her, 
her husband truly said, "She was the most 
perfect model of a Christian I ever met. With 
lier every human being on earth was a broth- 
er or sister, and it was her sweetest joy to 
minister to the wants of all." She was a lead- 
er in many of the charitable and religious in- 
stitutions of Albany, and encouraged lier hus- 
band in his many gifts, while her personal 
benefactions were without number. She was 
one of the three founders in Albany of the 
Women's Baptist Missionary Society, and 
president of the Emmanuel Baptist Church 
branch of it until her death. For very many 
years she was a manager of the Albany Guar- 
dian Society, and of the Boys' Lodging House 
of Albany. Children, born at Albany: i. Adda 
Maud Siniler, born May 29, 1840; married, 
at ."Mbany, New York, Alay 6, 1863. George 
Lavater Stedman, (see Stedman VIII) ; died 
at Loudonville, New York, September 28, 
1909. 2. Eugene, September 2^, 1842, died 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



165 



\ 



there, September 3, 1843. 3. Caroline Shuler, 
June 6. 1844; married, at Albany, Janiiar)' 20, 
1870, Grang-e Sard, born at Albany, March 
10, 1843, s*^" of Grang-e and Lucy (Cook) 
Sard. 4. Marion, July 31, 1846, died there, 
May 10, 185 1. 5. Georgianna, August 3, 
1849, died there, March 16, i860. 

(The Shuler Line). 

The family name of Shuler is probably but 
a simple alteration of the German word, 
"Schuler," a scholar, brought about by pho- 
netic influence, which is undoubtedly the case, 
for the family in this country came originally 
from that country. It is closely allied to both 
Schuyler and Schuiler through pronunciation, 
and if it could be proved that it was a dif- 
ferent form of the Dutch name Schuiler, it 
would signify a hider, because Van Schuyler 
means "from the place of shelter." 

(I) Lawrence Shuler, or as he usually 
signed himself, "Lorentz Schuler," came from 
\\'urtemburg, or Luxemburg, Germany, to 
America, in 1752, and settled in New York. 
He was born Alarch 12, 1735, died at Florida, 
Montgomery county, New York, February 
14, 1813. There emigrated with him his fath- 
er, who died soon after their arrival in New 
York ; his sister Mary, who died at sea ; his 
sister Catherine, born in 1724; his brother 
George, born in 1726, and his brother Fred- 
erick. They first moved to Catskill, about 
1762, where Catherine married Albert, House- 
man. George died unmarried. The entire 
family removed to Montgomery county, New 
York, where Catherine married, (second) 
Peter Frederick. 

Lawrence Shuler learned the weaving and 
reed-working business, it is said in Catskill, al- 
though his principal occupation in later years 
was farming. Subsequently he removed to 
Florida, New York, where he purchased what 
finally amounted to about a mile square of 
land, beginning in 1768. He was naturalized 
by act of the New York legislature, December 
19, 1776. He was a lieutenant in Colonel 
Fisher's regiment (being the Third Regiment 
of Tryon county militia of New York state), 
and as such participated in the battle of Oris- 
kany. He was the first overseer of the poor 
for the town of Florida, when erected. He 
married, at Catskill, New York, in 1762, Sa- 
rah (widow of one Overbaugh), born July 11, 
1722, died at Florida, New York, in 1775, 
daughter of Renjamin and Catherintje (Zuy- 
land ) Du Bois, of New Paltz, New York. 
Children: r. Anna, born November 10, 1763; 
married David Cady. 2. Jacob, November 3, 
1765; married Betsy Hazzard. 3. Solomon, 
^larch 3, 1768; married Lydia Wood. 4. John, 



November 12, 1769, see forward. Lawrence 
Shuler married (second), 1785, Afagdalina 
Serviss. Children : 5. Peter, born December 
II, 1788, died unmarried. 6. Katrina, born 
March 11, 1790; married (first) Jabes Kings- 
bury; married (second) Peter Covenhoven. 7. 
William, born Deceml^er 30, 1792; married 
Kate Johnson Dunn ; died without issue. 8. 
Mary, born ]\Iarch 22, 1794: married Jacob 
Serviss. 9. Jeremiah, born January 3, 1796, 
died unmarried, 18 15. 10. Levi, born Novem- 
ber 3, 1799; married Katy Henry. 11. Van 
Vlack, born November 3, 1799 ; married Har- 
riet Hartwell. 12. Betsy, born November i, 
1802; married Davis Smith. 13. Sally, born 
March 10, 1804; married Cornelius Vander 
Veer. 14. Abraham, born December 21, 1805. 
13. Lawrence, born December 19, 1807; mar- 
ried Fanny Guile. 16. David, born October 
II, 1809, died in infancy. 

(H) John, son of Lawrence and Sarah 
(Du Bois) Shuler, was born at Florida, Mont- 
gomery county. New York, November 12, 
1769, died at Gasport, Niagara county. New 
York, August 9, 1859. He seems to have been 
a man of some prominence in Montgomery 
county. He was a member of the New York 
state assembly in 1815, and was an ensign in 
the New York State Light Infantry in 1798; 
lieutenant in the same, 1799, and was ap- 
pointed captain of the same in 1805. He was 
one of the committee at the opening of the 
Erie canal. He married, at Charleston, New 
York, February 25, 1790, Hannah Buck, torn 
at Canaan. New York, December 24, 1769, 
died January 23, 1852, at Canajoharie, New 
York, daughter of Daniel Bucls', D.D., and 
M.D. (second major of the Seventeenth regi- 
ment of the New York state militia during 
the revolution) and of Anna (Denton) Buck. 
Children: i. Sally, born March 17, 1791, died 
at Elgin, Illinois, April 2, 1876; married. .Au- 
gust 26, 1813, Elijah Wilcox (see Wilcox 
\T). 2. .Vnna, born January 11, 1793, died 
at Broomfield, New York, March 17, 1821 ; 
married, August 17, 1813, Lewis Griffin. 3. 
Lydia, born January 28, 1796, died at Elgin, 
Illinois, June 29, 1878; married, December 
31, 1818, William Carlisle. 4. Remson. born 
January 26, 1798, died September 15. 1880; 
married, March 9, 1823, Hannah Haughton. 
5. David Cady, born January 27, 1800, died 
January 7, 1891 ; married (first) March 29, 
1821, Pamelia Butler; married (second) Eliz- 
abeth Lodewick. 6. Daniel Buck, born Feb- 
ruary 27, 1803, died at Minaville, Montgom- 
ery county. New York, February 9, 1882; 
married, September 17, 1826, Catherine \'an- 
der Veer. 7. Jacob, born February 8, 1805, 
died at McGrawville, New York, April 9, 



i66 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



1858; married (first) May 7, 1826, Catherine 
Mattice : married (second) January 3, 1837, 
Cornelia Cass. 8. Cholett, born May 20, 1807, 
died February 11, 1893, at Amsterdam, New 
York; married, October 17, 1831, Ann Mal- 
lory. 9. Adaline M., born August 13, 181 1, 
died at Gasport, New York, September 10, 
1892: married, October 2, 1833, Oliver Lath- 
rop Wilcox (see Wilcox VI). 10. Caroline, 
horn July 20, 1814, died at Albany, New York, 
July 3 1, 1 894; married, July 11, 1838, George 
Alonzo Woolverton, (see Woolverton VI). 

(The Wilco.x Line). 
The family name of Wilcox is derived from 
two words, the name "Will" and the word 
"cock," signifying- "little." hence it is equiva- 
lent to "Little Will," or William's son, which 
has resulted in Williamson. While the der- 
ivation may lead to the same source or mean- 
ing, it cannot be said that the families of the 
two names are allied, as in innumerable in- 
stances where names of pronounced variation 
in their si^elling are traceable to the one or- 
iginal family stock. 

William Wilcox, or as the family name was 
written at that time, Wilcoxson, and his wife, 
Margaret, came with their son John to Amer- 
ica (according to Hotten's list of immigra- 
tion) in April, 1635, aboard the ship, "Plan- 
ter," bearing a certificate from the minister 
of St. Alban's. in Hertfordshire, England, al- 
though the family is said to be originally of 
Welch extraction. In the certificate their ages 
are given as follows : William Wilcoxson 
(linen weaver) aged 34; Margaret Wilcoxson, 
aged 24 : Jno., aged 2. 

(I) William Wilcoxson, upon arrival in 
America, settled in Concord, Massachusetts. 
He was registered as a freeman in Massachu- 
setts in 1636. and moved to Stratford, Con- 
necticut, probably in 1639, possibly after a 
residence at U'indsor, Connecticut. By his 
will, dated 1651, he gave forty pounds to the 
church at Concord, and he therefore appears 
to have been a man of some substance. After 
W^illiam's death, his wife, Margaret, married 
William Hayden, of Windsor, Connecticut, 
and died in ir)55. Children: John, born about 
1633: Timothy; Joseph, 1638; Samuel, 1640, 
see forward ; Obadiah, 1642, married Phoebe 

; Elizabeth, 1644, married Henry 

Stiles, of Windsor, Connecticut ; Hannah, 
1646, married Daniel Hayden, of Windsor, 
Connecticut ; Sarah. 1648, married John 
Meigs, Jr., of Guildford, Connecticut; Phoebe, 
1650, married John P.irdseye, Jr. 

(H) Samuel, son of William and Margaret 
Wilcoxson, was l>orn in 1640, probably at 
Stratford, Connecticut. He went from there 



or \\'indsor, Connecticut, to what is now 
known as Simsbury, Connecticut, forming 
with others who came from the same place 
the settlement to which was given the name 
of ]\Iassacoe. In 1672, at the court of elec- 
tion of Hartford, Connecticut, Samuel Wil- 
cox was propounded as a freeman. It is like- 
ly that at about this time he married Hannah, 
and settled down to active life at Massacoe, 
and his name appears in a patent of land given 
about that time. In 1669 he was deputy for 
Simsbury, also in 1689, and from 1694 to 
17 12 he served almost continuously excepting 
between 1702 and 1709. The first book of 
records of Simsbury and subsequent books 
show that there were some sixteen grants of 
land made to him. He was chosen selectman 
in 1677. On May 7, 1682, he, with others, 
petitioned the court to order a church. In 
October, 1689, he was appointed on a commit- 
tee to make a list of Simsbury estates. In the 
catalogue of church members, from 1697 to 
17 ID, both he and his oldest son are named as 
members. To Samuel Wilcoxson and Han- 
nah, his wife, were born the following chil- 
dren, probably all at or near Simsbury, Con- 
necticut : Samuel, born April 15, 1666, see for- 
ward; William, married Elizabeth Wilson; 
Joseph, married Abigail Thrall. 

(Ill) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Hannah Wilcox, was born April 15, 1666, 
probably near Simsbury, Connecticut, died 
September 13, 1713. On October 30, 1713, 
his estate was inventoried at over three hun- 
dred and twenty-six pounds, being nearlv one- 
tenth of the taxable property of the town. He 
lived near his father in Simsbury, and was one 
of its most weahhy and influential citizens. 
He married, in 1691, at Simsbury, Connecti- 
cut, Mindwell. born February 11, 1662, 
daughter of John and Anna' (Bancroft) 
Griffin. Children, probably born at Sims- 
bury: Hannah, born November i, 1692, 
married William Chick; Samuel, April 20, 

1695, married Mary ; John, April 

10. 1698; Joseph, July 3, 1701, married Eliz- 
abeth Holcomb; Mindwell; Ephraim, see 
forward. 

(IV) Ephraim, son of Samuel (2) and 
Mindwell (Grififin) Wilcox, was born Feb- 
ruary 24. 1707, at Simsbury. Connecticut, 
died in 1773. He married, April 5, 1726, 
Hannah Hill, of Simsbury, and their chil- 
dren were probably born there. Children : 
Ephraim, born May 24, 1727; Susanna, 
April 17, 173 1 ; married Michael Jackson ; 
Sylvanus, sec forward. 

(\^) Sylvanus, son of Ephraim and Han- 
nah (Hill) Wilcox, was born at Simsbury, 
Connecticut, November 14, 1733, died July 



HUDSON AND .MOHAWK VALLEYS 



167 



3, 1821, at Alford. Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried at Simsbury, in 1759, Chestina Curtis, 
■born January 12, 1742, fourth daughter of 
Peter and Qiestina (Parker) Curtis, of Wal- 
lingford, Connecticut, later of Simsbury, 
■Connecticut. He took his wife to the settle- 
ment known as Nine Partners, Dutchess 
county, New York, and subsequently re- 
moved to Alford, Massachusetts. In the lat- 
ter place he was elected selectman in 1775- 
82-90-91. During the revolution he served 
on the committees of correspondence, safety, 
and inspection, also on the committee to pro- 
cure troops for the continental army in 1776. 
He was a captain in the Alford Companv of 
JMassachusetts militia, and in 1777, with his 
company, marched with the regiment of Col- 
onel John Ashly to Saratoga, where they par- 
ticipated in the capture of Burgoyne. As a 
partial recompense for his services in the 
field the town, March 19. 1798. voted to abate 
his ta.xes. In 1796 he sold his Alford farm 
and removed to Greenland grant, where he 
purchased a farm on which he resided until 
iiis death. His grave is on the old farm in 
Alford, and upon his gravestone is inscribed : 
"Capt. Sylvanus Wilcox, died July 5, 1821, 
aged 87 years." Children of Sylvanus and 
Chestina (Curtis) Wilcox were born at Nine 
Partners, New York, and Alford, Massachu- 
setts. Children: i. Asenath, born at Nine 
Partners. New York, April 7, 1760; married, 
Benjamin Tobey. 2. Sylvanus, May 26, 
1762, see forward. 3. Rufus, January 7, 1764, 
married Sarah Adams. 4. Ephraim, Novem- 
ber 30, 1765; died at Alford, Massachusetts, 
1786. 5. Reuben, December 29, 1767; mar- 
ried (first) Sophia Sprague ; married (sec- 
ond) Theda Merrill: died in 1849. 6. Ralph, 
December 2, 1769: married Minta Sprague. 
7. Oliver, February 10, 1772 ;. married Betsy 
Sprague. 8. Christine, July 30, 1774; mar- 
ried AN'illiam Spoor. 9. Israel, June 15, 1776; 
married Anna Fowler. 10. Lavinia, March 
6. 1778: married Samuel Barstowe. 11. 
•Chestina, October 3, 1780. 12. Pluma, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1783: married Levi Freeman. 13. 
Charles, May 20, 1785, died in infancy. 

(VI) Sylvanus (2), son of Sylvanus (i) 
and Chestina (Curtis) Wilcox, was born at 
Nine Partners, Dutchess county, New York, 
J\Iay 26, 1762, died at Fultonville, New 
York, July 10, 1846. When but fourteen 
years of age, he entered the continental 
army, 1776. He was under General Ward 
at New Haven, Connecticut, and served six 
months in that portion of the army imme- 
diately under the direction of General Wash- 
ington. Subsequently he enlisted from New 
Y'ork state and served as corporal in Captain 



\'an Rensselaer's company of Colonel Mari- 
nus Willett's regiment of the New York 
state militia. He was at Canada Creek when 
the notorious Butler was killed, and was 
granted a pension in 183 1. It is said that 
he was present as one of the guard at the 
execution of Major Andre. The New York 
records show a steady line of promotion. He 
was made captain of the state troops, April 
5, 1798; second major of the Twenty-sixth 
regiment, November 9, 1800; major, Febru- 
ary 9, 1810; lieutenant-colonel, June 12, 
1812, and subsequently colonel and brigadier- 
general. After his marriage, in 1787, he 
took his wife and one child to the west bank 
of the Schoharie creek in the southeast cor- 
ner of what is now the town of Glen, Mont- 
gomery county. New York, where he erected 
a log cabin and shortly thereafter built a sub- 
stantial house which is still (1910) standing. 
He occupied a large tract of land, probably 
under a lease for three lives, or ninety-nine 
years, and subsequently purchased from 
George Clark the land on which his house 
and buildings stand. He was a large land 
owner in Montgomery county, and a man at 
one time of considerable wealth, in fact, was 
always of prominence in the community 
where he lived. Later in life he became in- 
terested in a dry dock in Fultonville. New 
York, and in 1837 purchased a house in that 
village, where he resided until his death. He 
and his first w^ife are buried in the private 
burial ground on his old farm in Glen, and 
upon his gravestone is inscribed : "Gen. Syl- 
vanus Wilcox, a soldier of the Revolution." 

Sylvanus Wilcox married, April 28, 1785, 
Sarah Johnson, born March 17, 1765, died 
July I, 1830, daughter of Robert and Susan- 
na (Barnes) Johnson, of West Stockbridge, 
Massachusetts. He married (second*), Octo- 
ber 19, 1831, Sally Hamilton, but had no 
children by her. All of his children, except- 
ing the first, were born at Glen, Montgomery 
county, New York. Children: i. Amelia, 
born August 15, 1786, died, unmarried, Jan- 
uary 24, 1850. 2. Chestina, April 17, 1788. 
3. Asenath, March 17, 1790, died at .\lbany, 
New York, July 31, 1857; married, at Glen, 
New York, June 5, 181 1, Edward Woolver- 
ton, born at Amwell, New Jersey, January 
II, 1787, died at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, 
September 4, 1874, (see Woolverton V). 4. 
Elijah, May 10, 1792: married Sally Shuler, 
August 26. 1813; died at Elgin. Illinois, 
April 2, 1876 (see Schuler II). 5. Elisha, 
May 10, 1792: married Nancy Ellis. 6. 
Charles, February 25, 1795: married Julia 
Ann Merrill. 7. Calvin P., October 4. 1796; 
married Harriet Hubbard. 8. Eliza, June 3, 



i68 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



1800 : married Moses Merrill ; died Novem- 
ber 12, 1882. 9. Oliver Lathrop, Jvme 26, 
1809. died March 7, 1880; married. October 
2. 1833, Adaline ^L Shuler, Ixirn August 13, 
181 1, died at Gasport, Niagara county. New 
York. September 10, 1892, daughter of John 
and Hannah (Buck) Shuler (see Shuler H). 

(The McKissick Line). 

In 1768 Zebulon and John McKissick, 
brothers, came to America from Scotland, 
settling in Maine, where Zebulon located 
himself in Limerick and John in Cornish. 
They married sisters named Bettis. Chil- 
dren of Zebulon McKissick : Zebadiah, Mo- 
ses, born in Limerick, Maine, November 4, 
1781, see forward; Aaron, Molly, Eunice. 

(II) Moses, son of Zebulon McKissick, 
was born November 4, 1781, died July 31, 
1823. In February, 181 7, with Herod Otis, 
of Boston, and two others, he founded the 
town of Jordan, Onondaga county, New 
York, clearing the land and laying out the 
place. The McKissick family were known as 
Free-will Baptists, pious and godly people. 
When Moses McKissick died, his bier was 
carried on the shoulders of his friends, in re- 
lays, to the burial ground in Jordan, so very 
greatly was he esteemed there. He married 
Abigail, daughter of .Samuel Stuart, of Scar- 
borough, Maine, and she died at Jordan, 
New York, in 1837. Children: i. Stuart, born 
November 27, 1807, see forward. 2. Aaron, 

married Elzina ■ — •: died at Auburn, New 

York. 3. Moses, married Clara Stevens. 4. 
James M., married (first) Susan Carson; 
(second) Marion White. 5. Orrin. 6. Nan- 
cy, married Arza Blakeslee. 7. .A.bigail. mar- 
ried (first) DeFreest, and (second) 

Smith ; died in 1875. 8. Caroline. 

(Ill)' Stuart, son of Moses and Abigail 
(Stuart) McKissick, was born at Saco, 
Maine, November 27, 1807, died at Albany. 
New York, August 29, 1882. When a lad he 
went with his parents to Jordan, New York, 
and there remained until about 1833. when 
he engaged in the running of a boat for a 
transportation line. In 1838 he came to Al- 
bany, and there established a transportation 
and produce commission business, in one or 
the other or both of which he was engaged 
until in 1873, when he retired from active 
work, by reason of his failing health. He 
was one of the members of the board ap- 
pointed by the legislature to establish a free 
school in the city of Albany, and zealously ad- 
vocated tlic building of the present high school 
in that city. 1 le was president of the board 
of trade of Albany, New York, in 1849, and 
a memljer of the canal convention in 1868. 



He was a delegate to the national convention 
of the boards of trade in 1863, and he served 
on many important committees of the local 
board. He was a director of the National Ex- 
change Bank of Albany ; a trustee of the Al- 
bany Exchange Savings Bank, and a member 
of the First Presbyterian Church of Albany. 
He married (first) September, 1835, Julia 
Ann Norton, of Suffield, Connecticut ; she 
died August 22, 1843, aged thirty-one years. 
Children: i. Emily Espiranza, born at Jor- 
dan, New York, 1836; married, at .\lbany, 
I 1858, Charles S. Cutler, of Albany. 2. Caro- 
line Aldaretta. Jordan. New York, 1838 ; mar- 
ried. 1863, Hogan Gibbons at West Troy, 
New York, died January 12, 1875. 3. Stuart 
Eugene, Albany, 1839 ; died there December 
13, 1842. 4. Frederick, Albany, April 26, 
1842, died there April 30, 1842. He married 
(second). September 10, 1844, Eliza ]\lcln- 
tyre, of Northampton, Massachusetts, daugh- 
ter of Jesse and Margaret (Pomeroy) Mc- 
Intyre, by whom he had five children, all 
born at Albany, New York. Children : 5. 
I\Iary, born December 17, 1847, died March 
24, 1864. 6. Julia Norton, January 11, 1849; 
married, January 25, 1884, Ciiarles W. Shep- 
ard, of Albany, New York. 7. Abby Stuart, 
May 18, 185 1, see forward, 8, Edward Pom- 
eroy, June 22, 1854 ; married four times, viz. : 
Florence Paul, at Rockport, Massachusetts ; 
Natalie Coffin, at Boston, ]\Iassachusetts ; 
Carrie Packard, at Boston; and Rose Rock- 
well, at Belgrade, Maine. 9. Jessie, August, 
1857, died at Albany, June 17, i860. 

(IV) Abby Stuart, "daughter of Stuart and 
Eliza (Mclntyre) McKissick, was born at Al- 
bany, New York. May 18, 1851. She mar- 
ried at Albany, January 22, 1873, Walter AIc- 
Ewan, of Albany, born at Glasgow, Scotland, 
June I, 1843,. died at Loudonville, Albany 
county. New York, May 10, 1908, son of John 
McEwan, born in .Sterling, Scotland, and .-Vg- 
nes Gordon (I^nuder) McEwan, born in Glas- 
gow, .Scotland, both of whom died in Albany, 
New York. Walter McEwan came to Albany 
with his parents in 1849. He attended the] 
public schools of that city, and on the com- 
pletion of that course, when about seventeen 
years of age, entered the employ of the Hud- 
son River Railroad Company. After ten 
years of service for them, he purchased an 
interest in the wholesale coffee and spice busi- 
ness, which for two years was conducted un- 
der the name of Bailey, Lord & McEwan. At 
the end of that period, and on March 15. 1872, 
he purchased his partners' interests and con- 
ducted the enterprise in his own name until 
March 15, 1905, when it was incorporated. 
He was a man much respected in the busi- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



169 



ncss and religious circles of Albany. He 
was president of the Walter McEwan Com- 
pany, trustee and secretary of the Home Sav- 
ings Bank, trustee and vice-president of B. 
Payn's Sons Tobacco Company, treasurer of 
the St. Andrews Society, and a member of 
several Masonic bodies. For many years he 
was an elder of the Third Presbyterian 
Ciiurch. Mr. and Mrs. \\'alter ]\IcEwan, on 
tiieir marriage, started housekeeping in Al- 
bany, but in 1885 removed to Loudonville, a 
suburb, where they continued to reside until 
his death. Children, born in Albany, New 
York: i. Walter Stuart, born December 20, 
1873 ; married, September 24, 1902, Mary C. 
Blakeslee, of Menands. New York. 2. Agnes 
Lauder, January 28, 1876; married, Septem- 
ber 20, 1899, Charles Sumner Stedman, of 
.Albany, New York (see Stedman IX). 3. 
Jessie Ellis, June 16, 1878; married, October 
7, 1903, Henry Hunt Romer, of Brooklyn, 
New York. 4. George William, June 11, 
1882; married, April 21, 1908, Gertrude 
Marsh Peck, of Albany. 5. Charles Bailey, 
June I, 1884. 



The family name of Fuller sig- 
FULLER nifies one who thickens, 
bleaches, cleanses or whitens 
cloth at a mill, a clothier. The Fuller arms : 
Shield : Argent, three bars gules, on a canton 
of the second a castle or. Crest : A dexter 
arm embowered, vested argent, cuffed sable, 
holding in the hand proper a sword of the first 
hilt of pommel or. Motto : Semper paratus. 
This is the form adopted commonly by the 
families in this country, being the one em- 
ployed in the Lsle of Wight. The bar is one 
of the honorable ordinaries representing a belt 
of honor given for eminent services. The 
canton is a subordinate ordinary, representing 
the banner given to knights-banneret. 

Edward and Samuel Fuller, brothers, came 
to America in the "Mayflower" in 1620, and 
landed at Plymouth, ^lassachusetts. They 
were sons of Robert Fuller, a butcher of Nor- 
folk county, England. Both signed the cele- 
brated ■"Compact," which was drawn up in the 
cabin of the "Mayflower" just previous to the 
landing at Cape Cod on November 21. 

(I) Edward Fuller, progenitor of this fam- 
ily in America, was baptized September 4, 
1575, in the parish of Redenhall, county of 
Norfolk, England. It is not known that he 
was one of that band which, because of the 
persecutions in the time of Queen Elizabeth 
for religious belief, sailed to Holland in 1608, 
where they settled in Amsterdam and a year 
later were located in Leyden, until they em- 
barked on the "Speedwell," which left Delft- 



haven, Holland, about August i, 1620; but 
research makes it appear that it was more 
likely that he joined the others on the arrival 
of the "Speedwell" at Southampton, where 
they joined the "Mayflower," and August 15, 
1620, the two vessels started to cross the .At- 
lantic : but the "Speedwell," proving unsea- 
worthy, was forced to turn back. His brother, 
Samuel, had gone to Holland, however, and 
both crossed the ocean together. Their father 
is recorded as a contributor to the famous 
chime of eight bells to the Redenhall church 
in Norfolk county, he helping towards the- 
purchase of the si.xth bell in 1588. Although 
it is sometimes stated that Edward had a 
wife named Ann, the most accurate informa- 
tion is that her name is unknown. Governor 
Bradford does not mention her by name ; but 
states "Edward Fuller and his wife died soon 
after they came on shore." His death oc- 
curred at Plymouth, Massachusetts, between 
January 11 and April 10, 1621. His wife 
died early in 1621, some time after January 
II. They left only one child, Samuel, who 
had come over with tJiem on the "Mayflower." 
(II) Samuel, son of Edward and Ann Ful- 
er, was born about 1612, at some place in Eng- 
land not yet determined, no record of his 
birth or baptism having been discovered, and 
died at Barnstable, Massachusetts, October 
31 or November 10, 1683. He married at ]\Ir. 
Cudworth's house in Scituate, by Captain 
Miles Standish, magistrate, "on ye fourthe 
daye of ye weeke," April 8-18, 1635. Jane, 
daughter of Rev. John Lathrop, of Scituate, 
and who was baptized September 29, 1614, at 
Edgerly, county of Kent, England; died sub- 
sequent to 1658 and before 1683. He grew 
up under the direct care of his uncle. Dr. 
Samuel Fuller, at Plymouth. He received 
three acres of land at the time of the gen- 
eral division in 1623, thought to signify one 
for himself and the shares of his deceased 
father and mother. On this theory he would 
have been si.xteen years old at that time, and 
his birth would have occurred in 1608 in- 
stead of 1612: but there may have been some 
particular understanding. The land assigned 
to him was on the south side of the town 
brook ("to the Woodward") and included 
what was known in 1900 as Watson's Hill, 
where he had for neighbors, John Howland, 
Stephen Hopkins, Edward Winslow and the 
Indian Hobomok. When the inhabitants were 
divided into twelve groups at the town meet- 
ing held on June i, 1627, for the purpose of 
dividing the cattle then owned in the colony, 
the eighth lot fell to Dr. Samuel Fuller and 
his company, and joined to him was Samuel 
Fuller, Jr., son of Edward, the immigrant. 



lyo 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



"To this lot fell a red heifer, came of the 
cow which belongeth to the poor of the 
Colony." 

When Dr. Samuel Fuller made his will in 
1633, he made provision for his nephew, Sam- 
uel, and therein is the only mention to be 
found of Samuel's wife, after her marriage. 
Therein he wrote: "It. my will is that my 
Cozen (nephew) Samuell goe freely away 
•with his stock of Cattle and Swine wthout 
any further recconing wch swine are the 
halfe of six sowes, six hogges, one boare & 
four shotes. Also one Cow & one heyfer. 
. . . It. my will is that in case my sonne 
Samyell and other my children die before such 
time as they are fitt to enter upon my land 
for inheritance that then my kinsman, Sam. 
ffuller. now in the howse with me, enjoy 
"wtsoever lands I am now possessed of, except 
my dwelling howse at town or whatsoever 
shall be due to me or them. ... It. I 
give to him my Rufflet Cloake & my stuffe 
sute I now weare." He dated the will July 
30, 1633, 3"d died within three months. As 
the doctor's children survived, Samuel re- 
■ceived none of the lands and set out with 
his cattle to seek a home. He became a 
"Freeman" of the Colony in 1634, and settled 
in Scituate, Massachusetts, where he joined 
the church, November 7, 1636. There he had 
twenty acres, and built .the fifteenth house 
in that place in 1636. All the houses in the 
town were built alike, and Rev. John Lathrop, 
accustomed to life at Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge, styled them "meane." The walls were 
made of poles filled between with stones and 
clay, the roof thatched, the chimney of rough 
stone, the windows of oiled paper, and the 
floors of hand-sawed planks. He described 
them as mere "booths," because they were 
open and the fire had to be piled high con- 
stantly to keep the occupant warm in winter. 
His will was made October 29, 1683, was 
filed with wills of the Plymouth Colony, and 
is both curious and interesting in its peculiar 
details. 

Children: i. Hannah, birth date unknown; 
married. January 1, 1658-59, Nicholas Bon- 
ham, of Barnstable. 2. Sauuiel, baptized at 
Scituate, Massachusetts, February 11, 1637; 
married Anna, daughter of Matthew Ful- 
ler. 3. Elizabeth, married Joseph Taylor. 4. 
Sarah, baptized .August i, 164 1, died about 
1651-54. 5. Mary, baptized June 16, 1644, 
died near Norwich, Connecticut, 1720; mar- 
ried, November, 18, 1674, Joseph Williams, 
of Haverhill, Massachusetts. 6. Thomas, 
born May 18, 1651, died young. 7. Sarah, 

born December 10, 1654; married 

Crowe, of Yarmouth. 8. John, born about 



1656, see forward. 9. Infant, baptized Feb- 
ruary 8, 1658, died in fifteen days. 

(III) John, son of Samuel and Jane (Lath- 
rop) Fuller, was born in Barnstable, Mas- 
sachusetts, about 1656, died in East Haddam, 
Connecticut, between February 28 and May 
20, 1726. He was called "Little John" to 
disting-uish him from his cousin. Dr. John 
Fuller. He lived on his father's estate at 
Sorton Neck until 1694, when he removed 
to East Haddam, Connecticut. He seems to 
have prospered here, as about 1721 he con- 
veyed ample lands and farming implements to 
each of his sons. His will was made Feb- 
ruary 28, 1725-26, probated May 10, 1726, 
and in it he speaks of his place of residence 
as "township of Haddam, County of Hart- 
ford, upon the east side of the Great River." 
He married, about 1678, Mehitabel, daugh- 
ter of Moses Rowley, and was born in Barn- 
stable. January 11, 1660-61, died in East 
Haddam, Connecticut, about 1732. Children: 
I. Thomas, born in Barnstable about 1679, 
see forward. 2. Samuel, born in Barnstable, 
about 1682. 3. Shubael, born in Barnstable, 
about 1684. 4. Thankful, born in Barnstable, 
about 1688, baptized there May 19, 1689; mar- 
ried, at Colchester, Connecticut, July 9, 1707, 
Jabez Crippen, of Falmouth, Massachusetts. 

5. Deborah, born about 1689; married, Sep- 
tember II, 1 716, John Rowley. 6. Edward, 
born in Barnstable, about 1691 : married, 

about 1713, Bates; died in Colchester, 

January 7, 1731. 7. Elizabeth, born in Barn- 
stable, about 1693; married, March 4, 1713, j 
Samuel Rowley, of East Haddam. 8. John, 
born in East Haddam, Connecticut, Novem- 
ber ID, 1697; died there in 1757-58; married, 
May I, 1721, Mrs. Mary Rowley, daughter 
of William Cornwall. 9. Joseph, born in 
East Haddam. Connecticut, March i, 1699- 
1700. died in Kent, Connecticut, July 19, 1775; 
married, December 22, 1722, Lydia Day. 10. 
Benjamin, born in East Haddam, October" 
20, 1 701, died in Sharon, Connecticut, De- 
cember 20. 1740; married, about 1700, Con- 
tent Fuller. II. Anne, born about 1703-04; 
married. March 9, 1727, Jonathan Rowley. 
12. Alehitabel, born in East Haddam, April 

6, 1706; married Benjamin Kneeland. 

(IV) Thomas, son of John and Mehitabel 
(Rowley) I""uller, was born in Barnstable, 
Massachusetts, about 1679, died in East Had- 
dam. Connecticut, April 9, 1772. He married 
I-Llizabeth , born about 1689, died No- 
vember 5, 1784. Children: i. Ebenezer, born 
October 27, 1715, see forward. 2. Thomas, 
torn East Haddam. April 5, 1717; married 
(first) Martha Rowley; married (second)] 
Mary Hosmer; died in East Haddam, Novem^* 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



171 



ber 12. 1S02. 3. Nathan, born in East Had- 
dani, Connecticut, April 20, 1719; married 

Abitjail . 4. Hannah, born March 21, 

1720; died June 16, 1777; married, 1743, Cap- 
tain \\illiam Church. 5. Jabez, born in East 
Haddani, February 19, 1722, died there, 1757- 
58: married, October 10, 1754, Lois Hub- 
bard, of Middle Haddam, Connecticut. 6. 
Jonathan, born January 12, 1725, died in 
1758: unmarried. 7. Ehzabeth, born March, 
1727; married, November 12, 1747, Samuel 
Church. 

(\") Ebenezer, son of Thomas and Eliza- 
betli Fuller, was born in East Haddam, Con- 
necticut. October 27, 171 5, died in Hebron, 
Connecticut. September 30, 1749. His will 
bears date September 13, 1749. He married, 
September 30. 1738, Mary, daughter of Moses 
and Martha (Porter) Rowley, of Colchester, 
Connecticut, born there December 5, 1708, 
died in Hebron, February 5, 1798. Chil- 
dren : I . Ebenezer. born in Hebron, May 8; 
1739: married, March 20, 1764, Abigail Hen- 
dee. 2. Dinmiis, born October i, 1742; mar- 
ried Solomon Huntington, of Hebron. 3. 
Mary, born August 25, 1743; married John 
Filer. 4. Ozias, born in Hebron, September 
25, 1745, and might have been the one of 
that name who enlisted as a drummer, March 
20, 1762, in the First Connecticut Regiment, 
Twelfth Company. Captain King. 5. Roger, 
born in Hebron, July 21, 1747, see forward. 
6. Elizabeth, born April 5, 1750. 

(\T) Roger, son of Ebenezer and Alary 
(Rowley) Fuller was born in Hebron, Con- 
necticut, July 21, 1747, died there, Septem- 
ber 21, 1819. He married (first), Decem- 
ber 21, 1766, Martha Phelps, who died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1785, by whom nine children; mar- 
ried (second), November 17, 1785, Violette 
Taylor, of Coventry, Connecticut, who died 
January 14, 1806. by whom three children; 
married (third), January 11, 1807, Lois Tay- 
lor, who died August 23, 1809; married 
(fourth), June 21, 1810. Susannah Keeney, 
who died in 1852. Children, all born in He- 
bron. Connecticut: i. Martha, born June 7, 
1768; married, April 20. 1784, Taicott Hors- 
ford. 2. Ozias, born January 12, 1770; mar- 
ried, in 1794, Desire Barber. 3. Mary, born 
November i, 1771. 4. Roger, born Septem- 
ber 7, 1773, died in Barnstable, Massachu- 
setts, June 23, 1834; married, at Clarendon, 
Vermont, February 4, 1796, Rachel Free- 
man Hodges. 5. Frederick Augustus, born 
March i, 1775. 6. Erastus, born January 
II. 1777; married, January 27, 1801, Sybil 
Barber, of Hebron. 7. Anna, born June 25, 
1779; married, August. 1798, George O. 
Cook, of Windsor, Vermont. 8. John, born 



June 30, 1781 ; see forward. 9. Luna, born 
January 23, 1785. 10. Humphrey T., born 
July 29, 1786. II. Amelia, born January 7, 
1788. 12. Cynthia, born March 26, 1790. 

(VH) John (2), son of Roger and Martha 
(Phelps) Fuller, was born in Hebron, Con- 
necticut, June 30, 1781. It is believed that 
he removed to near Rome, New York, where 
he probably died. He married, New Balti- 
more, New York, in 1813, Isabel Anderson, 
and resided there. Children: i. John, died at 
age of twenty-four. 2. William, born in 
New Baltimore, New York, September 7, 
1814; see forward. 

(VHI) \^'illiam, son of John (2) and Isa- 
bel (Anderson) Fuller, was born in New Bal- 
timore, Greene county, New York, Septem- 
ber 7, 1814, died on a train at Port Henry, 
New York, August 16, 1894, and was buried 
in New Baltimore, where he had resided with 
his large family all his life, the place known 
as the Fuller homestead, and its occupants 
the leading people of the locality. He mar- 
ried at New Baltimore, New York, October 
20, 1840, Lydia Allen Swezey, born at Cox- 
sackie, New York, May 9, 18 15, died at New 
Baltimore, New York. i\Iay 5, 1887, daugh- 
ter of Stephen and Gertrude (Wilson) 
Swezey. Gertrude Wilson was the daughter 
of Josiah Wilson, a captain in the revolu- 
tion, and Jane Dickinson (Plum) Wilson. 
Jane Dickinson was the daughter of Jonathan 
and Joanna (Melyn) Dickinson. Jonathan 
Dickinson, who was the founder and tlie first 
president of Princeton College, was the son 
of Hezekiah Dickinson, who was the son of 
Nathaniel Dickinson (one of the first settlers 
of Wethersfield, Connecticut) and Abigail 
Blakeman, daughter of Samuel Blakeman and 
granddaughter of Adam Blakeman, the first 
minister of .Stratford, Connecticut, and a grad- 
uate of Oxford University. Joanna Melyn 
was the daughter of Jacob Melyn, who owned 
Staten Island and a part of Manhattan Island 
and was a Patroon. Josiah Wilson was one 
of twenty-one children, and the descendants 
of this family were numerous and most dis- 
tinguished, including the Sargeants, Runyons, 
Belmonts, Greenes. Alexanders, Perrys and 
Bigelows. One of Josiah Wilson's sisters was 
the mother of Commodore Oliver Hazard 
Perry, famous in the battle of Lake Erie, and 
therefore Commodore Perry was Howard N. 
Fuller's third cousin. Another sister was the 
mother of the- Hon. John Bigelow. William 
and Lydia Allen (Swezey) Fuller had the 
following children, all born at New Balti- 
more, New York: i. Emma Louise, born No- 
vember 7, 1841 ; immarried. 2. De Witt Al- 
lison, born February 17, 1844; married, Jan- 



172 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



uary 13, 1868, Mary Christine Hotaling; died 
in Albany, New York, September 19, 1894. 

3. Franklin Carey, born December 28, 1845, 
died in New Baltimore, New York, August 
15, 1846. 4. William Dickinson, born June 
24, 1847; married, February 11, 1885, Jennie 
Spring-sted, living in New Baltimore in 1910. 
5. Gertrude Amelia, born August 14, 1849, 
died in New Baltimore, New York, January 
21, 1852. 6. Perry James, born September 

4, 1851 : married, September 10, 1879, Lydia 
A. Stewart, of New Brunswick, New Jersey, 
residing at 105 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn, New 
York, in 1910. 7. Howard Newton, born 
October 29. 1853, see forward. 8. Jennie 
Antoinette, born March 6. 1856; married, 
January 7, 1885, Wessel Ten Broeck Van 
Orden, of New Baltimore, New York. 

(IX) Howard Newton, son of William and 
Lydia Allen (Swezey) Fuller, was born in 
New Baltimore, Greene county. New York, 
October 29, 1853. He received his education 
first at ^liss Griffith's private school in New 
Baltimore, then attended the Coeymans Acad- 
emy, after which he went to Rutgers College 
Grammar .School, and then entered Rutgers 
College, graduating therefrom in 1874. and 
receiving the degree of A.M. in 1877. While 
at Rutgers he won the Philoclean Literary 
prize, as also the Senior prize for English 
composition. In his junior year he wrote "On 
the Banks of the Old Raritan," which is con- 
sidered the best of all American college songs, 
of which the Nczc York Siin. of May 15, 1907, 
said : "For genuine go, martial swing, a real 
soul-stirrer, one tiiat gingerizes the student 
anatomy from head to heel, there is no other 
college song equal to the Rutgers 'On the 
Banks of the Old Raritan." The following, 
by him, is called the finest homiletic poem in 
the English language, and was written by him 
while at college in response to the request of 
a college friend for a motto to go on a school- 
room wall : 

"So let me live that when I die 

My life shall show no blot of shame, 
And o'er the prave wherein I lie. 

Beneath my plainly graven name. 
Upon a low and modest stone. 

Which every eye can quickly scan, 
May this be carved and this alone: 

'He never wronged his brother man.'" 

^Ir. Iniller has written a great many poems 
which have given real enjoyment to the casual 
reader, and all have met with commendation 
at the hands of critics, yet he is modest about 
the matter, which he considers but a form of 
recreation and pleasure, and has never saved 
them. On "Educational Day," July 19. 1886, 
of the week's celebration of Albany's Bi-Cen- 



tennial, one thousand of the city's school' chil- 
dren sang an ode, written for the occasion 
by him, with telling eiifect and arousing much 
enthusiasm. 

He began his business career as a clerk in: 
Hinman & Fuller's grocery store at New Bal- 
timore in the fall of 1874; established and 
published The Neiv Baltimore Sun; went to 
Albany in July, 1875, as clerk for William 
Fuller & Sons; edited The Rensselaer County 
Gazette for several years, and took a two- 
year course in both medicine and law while 
continuing his relations with Wm. Fuller & 
Sons. He entered actively into the flour busi- 
ness under his own name in 1890. On the 
death of his brother, De Witt Allison Fuller, 
in 1894, he continued the latter's business 
(building material) in conjunction with his 
own. He is a member of the First Reformed 
Protestant Dutch Church, of which he was a 
deacon for several years and a trustee in 1910 
as well as for some time previous. He is a 
member of the Albany Chamber of Commerce, 
the Unconditional Republican Club, Philip Liv- 
ingston Chapter, Sons of the Revolution, Zeta 
Psi fraternity, St. George's Benevolent So- 
ciety, Fort Orange Club, is a thirty-second 
degree Mason, was elected a life trustee of 
Rutgers College in 1905 ; president of the Un- 
conditional Club for three terms, 1 888-1891 ; 
president of the Albany County McKinley 
League in 1896, and president of the Eleventh 
Ward Republican Association. 1885-89. He is 
also a director of the First National Bank, 
trustee of the Home Savings Bank and trus- 
tee of the Albany Homeopathic Hospital. 

Mr. Fuller lias been an active Republican 
for years, and his political record is as fol- 
lows : He was Republican candidate for mayor 
of Albany at a time when the city had gone 
Democratic for a score of years, and at the- 
election held April 8, 1890, received 6.316' 
votes as against his opponent, Hon. James 
H. Manning's 13,552 votes as the head of the 
Democratic city ticket. He was elected alder- 
man of the eleventh ward, April 13, 1886, re- 
ceiving 713 votes against 616 votes cast for 
his opponent, Richard Ryan; served twO' 
years, and declined renomination. He was ap- 
pointed commissioner of public instruction by 
Mayor Manning in 1893; served eight months, 
and rcsigneil on account of the death of both" 
his father and brother, whose business de- 
manded his attention for their families. He| 
was elected city comptroller, November 5,j 
igoi, receiving 12,730 votes against io,S 
votes cast for Charles H. Bissikummer, the 
Democratic candidate ; was re-elected Novem- 
ber 3, 1903, receivine: 13,970 votes against 
9,777 votes cast for Edmund A. Walsh, his 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



^73 



•opponent; re-elected November 7, 1905, re- 
■ceiving 15,753 votes, against 7,483 cast for 
Philip J- Henzel, the Democratic candidate; 
re-elected November 5, 1907, receiving 13,736 
votes as against 10,198 votes cast for Edward 
T. Reed, candidate of the Democratic and 
Civic League parties ; re-elected November 2, 
1909, receiving 15,205 votes as against 8,437 
votes cast for Edwin F. Hunting, Demo- 
cratic and Civic League candidate. The fig- 
ures speaiv for themselves, showing a pro- 
nounced endorsement of his conduct of the 
office of city comptroller by the people of Al- 
bany, placing their confidence in him by elect- 
ing him five times in succession to that office, 
and by an increase in vote which was the last 
time nearly double that of all the parties 
combined against him. 

Air. Fuller married, in Albany, December 
5, 1898, Mary Christine Hotaling, widow of 
his brother, De Witt Allison Fuller, of New 
Baltimore, New York. Mary Christine Ho- 
taling was born in New Baltimore, Greene 
county. New York, May 15, 1849, daughter 
of Amos and Ann Eliza Hotaling, who were 
married at Coxsackie, New York, October 
30, 1844. Amos Hotaling was born in New 
Baltimore, March 17, 1815, died there January 
24, 1909, and was the son of Garrett and 
Hester (Bronk) Hotaling, the latter a daugh- 
ter of Ephraim and Annetje Knott 
Bronk, and his ancestors were Peter Bronk 
and Rachel \'an Hoesen, Pieter Bronk and 
Annetje ISogardus, Peter Bogardus and 
Wyntje Westbrouck, Rev. Everardus Bo- 
gardus and Anneke Jans. Ann Eliza Hotaling 
was born in Coxsackie, New York, September 
30, 1822, died in New Baltimore, March 20, 
1903, daughter of Henry and Maria (Van- 
denbergh) Hotaling. Mr. and Mrs. Howard 
N. Fuller resided, in 1910, at No. 144 State 
street, Albany, New York. Children of Mrs. 
Fuller by first marriage: Emma Louise, born 
November 7, 1868. see forward: Anna Eliza, 
November 7, 1868, see forward; Zada Con- 
stance, October 27, 1872, see forward ; Wil- 
liam Allison, August 2, 1878, see forward. 

(X) Emma Louise Fuller was born in New 
Baltimore, New York, November 7, 1868; 
married, Albany, New York, June 7, 1893, 
Charles Plenry Douglas, manufacturer of 
woolen goods at Cohoes and residing in Al- 
bany. He was born in Albany, March 13, 
1868. His father was Charles Henry Douglas, 
died in Albany, August 29, 1883, being the 
son of John and Jane iMiller (Mueller) Doug- 
las. His mother was Sarah Martha Root, 
who was born in Albany, May 6, 1851, died 
at Hague, Lake George, New York, August 
19, 1907, daughter of Josiah G. and Martha 



Washington (Mead) Root. Charles H. 
Douglas and Sarah M. Root were married at 
Albany. Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Douglas 
resided, in 1910, at No. 168 Mohawk street, 
Cohoes, New York. 

(X) Anna Eliza Fuller was born in New 
Baltimore, New York, November 7, 1868; 
married, Albany, New York, April 6, 1892, 
John Ferguson Moore, born in Albany, Au- 
gust 22, 1867, son of Dr. Levi and Ida Louise 
(Ferguson) Moore. Children : Gertrude Ful- 
ler Moore, born in Albany, March 27, 1893; 
John Ferguson Moore, born in Albany, Sep- 
tember 10, 1896. They resided, in 1910, at 
No. 342 Hudson avenue, Albany, New York. 

(X) Zada Constance Fuller was born in 
New Baltimore, New York, October 27, 1872. 
She married, Albany, October 26, 1898, Fred- 
erick Foster Ward, of Wilmington, Delaware, 
born in Jeft'ersonville, Indiana, November 2, 
1871, son of Isaac Foster and Frances 
Brownell (Avery) Ward. Mr. and Mrs. 
Frederick F. Ward resided, in 1910, at No. 
56 Woodland avenue, New Rochelle, New 
York. 

(X) \\'illiam Allison Fuller was born in 
Albany, New York, August 2, 1878. He re- 
ceived his education at the Albany Academy 
and Cornell University. He is a member of 
the Fort Orange Club, of Albany ; the St. 
Elmo Club, of New York City, and of the 
Delta Phi fraternity. In 1910 he was a me- 
chanical engineer, residing at No. 144 State 
street, Albanv, New York. 



In the "Mayflower" came Ed- 
FULLER ward Fuller and Dr. Samuel 

Fuller, December 20, 1620. Ed- 
ward died in the "first sickness," 1621. leaving 
a son Samuel, who settled on Cape Cod. Dr. 
Samuel Fuller was the first physician in the 
colony. He married (according to Leyden 
records) (first) Elsie Glasscock; (second) 
Agnes Carpenter, but his children are by his 
third wife, Bridget Lee, of Plymouth. She 
came to Massachusetts on the ship "Ann" in 
1623. She was married to Dr. Samuel Ful- 
ler in Leyden, in 1617. Their first child 
was born in Leyden, but died soon after their 
arrival at Plymouth. Dr. Samuel died in 1633, 
leaving an only son Samuel, and an only 
daughter Mercy, who married Ralph James. 
(II) Samuel (2), only son of Dr. Sam- 
uel (i) and Bridget (Lee) Fuller, was born 
in 1624, died August 17, 1695. He was a 
minister of the gospel. His tombstone reads : 
"Here Lyes ye body of ye Rev. Mr. Samuel 
Fuller who departed this life Aug. ye 17, 
1695, in ye 71st year of his age. He was ye 
1st minister of ve ist church of Oirist in 



174 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Middleboro." He was a deacon of the Ply- 
mouth church, and ordained a minister, De- 
cember 25, 1694, but he had preached to the 
Middleboro congregation sixteen years be- 
fore his ordination. He was a sincere, godly 
man, and was sincerely lamented by his peo- 
ple. In the settlement of his estate, found 
in probate records of Middleboro, book 1, 
page 246, dated October i, 1695, Elizabeth 
is mentioned as the widow of Rev. Samuel 
Fuller ; Samuel, as the oldest son ; John, as 
the second son; Isaac, as the youngest, and 
under age. The daughters mentioned are 
Mercy, wife of Daniel Cole; Experience, wife 
of James Wood ; Elizabeth, wife of Samuel 
Eaton, and an unmarried daughter Hannah. 
Elizabeth Fuller, his widow, died at Plympton, 
Massachusetts, November 11, 1713. 

(Ill) Samuel (3), son of Rev. Samuel (2) 
and Elizabeth Fuller, was one of the first set- 
tlers of Plympton, Massachusetts. He mar- 
ried Mercy, daughter of Benjamin Eaton (i). 
He died in Plympton, September 6, 1728, in 
his seventieth year. Children: Nathaniel, 
born November 14, 1687; Samuel, August 30, 
1689; WilHam, died in infancy; Seth, Au- 
gust 30, 1692; Benjamin, March 7, 1694; 
Ebenezer, March 24, 1695; Elizabeth, March 
30, 1697; John, December 19, 1698; Jabez, 
June, 1701 ; Mercy, October 3, 1702; James, 
February 27, 1704. 

(I\') It is from one of the sons of Samuel 
(3) Fuller, of Plympton, that Samuel Fuller, 
of Schenectady, descends. The records do 
not follow out the children with sufficient 
clearness, but the best indications are that 
he was a son of James, the youngest son, 
born February 27, 1704. 

(V) Samuel (4), grandson of Samuel (3) 
Fuller, of Plympton, and perhaps son of James 
Fuller, located in Schenectady as early as De- 
cember 7, 1763, when he was married to 
Anna, daughter of William Hall, who was 
taken prisoner by the French and Indians and 
carried to France, where he died. Anna Hall 
was a lineal descendant of the first Ryer 
Schermerhorn, an original proprietor of Sche- 
nectady. Samuel Fuller first came to Sche- 
nectady, March 28, 1758, and was then wholly 
employed in the King's service at Schenectady, 
Albany, Stillwater, Fort Edward, Lake George 
and Niskayuna. He was engaged in the con- 
struction of boats, wagons, log houses and 
shelters for the army commanded by Gen- 
eral Abercrombie. On July 31, 1758, he re- 
turned to Boston, going from there to Hali- 
fax, where he arrived February 7, 1759, and 
continued in the royal service at the navy 
yard until after the taking of Quebec by 
General Wolfe in September, 1759, returning 



again to Schenectady, where he arrived July, 
1 761. He was an accomplished architect, and 
did more than any one man to improve the 
style of building, and to his skill is to be at- 
tributed the stately buildings seen through- 
out the length and breadth of the Mohawk. 
He built "The Hermitage" in Niskayuna for 
the retired merchant, John Duncan ; the Guy 
Park mansion, afterward the home of Sir 
Guy Johnson ; the Claas mansion, the abode 
later of Colonel Daniel Claas, son-in-law of 
Sir William Johnson. He built the old court 
house at Johnstown ; the dwelling of General 
Nicholas Herkimer; the Episcopal church in 
Schenectady (1762), the oldest Episcopal 
church structure in the state ; the John Glen 
mansion ; the Ten Eyck mansion, later the 
home of Governor Joseph C. Yates ; the Dan- 
iel Campbell mansion, the latter mentioned all 
in Schenectady, whicli city owes much to his 
early architectural skill. During the years 
from 1761, when he took up his permanent 
residence in Schenectady, until his death just 
prior to the revolution, he was constantly em- 
ployed in construction and architectural work. 
Children: Jeremiah, see forward; Annatjie, 
born April 8, 1771. 

(VI) Jeremiah, only son of Samuel (4) 
and Anna (Hall) Fuller, was born in Sche- 
nectady, October 26, 1766. He was a man of 
high character, strict integrity and great busi- 
ness energy. He married, January 2t,, 1790, 
Mary, daughter of George Kendall. She 
died November 9, i860, in her eighty-sixth 
year. Her husband died June 18. 1839, in 
his seventy-third year. They were the par- 
ents of fourteen children, ten sons and four 
daughters, all of whom reached majority, ex- 
cei)t Samuel, the first born, and one daughter 
Ann. Four of the sons became lawyers ; four 
physicians, and one only did not have a pro- 
fessional career: i. Samuel, died in infancy. 
2. William Kendall, born November 29, 1792; 
graduated at Union College, 1810; studied 
law, becoming law- partner of John B. Yates. 
He removed to Chittenango, Aladison county, 
New York, where he was justice of the peace, 
town clerk, postmaster, school trustee, com- 
missioner of highways and supervisor. In 
1823 he was appointed by Governor Yates ad- 
jutant-general of the state of New York. He 
was, prior to 1823, district attorney of Madi- 
son county and judge of the court of common 
pleas. He was a member of the state as- 
sembly, 1829-30, twice elected to represent the 
twenty-third New York district in congress. 
After his term expired, he retired to private 
life and the care of his own estate. He never 
married. 3. Sanuicl, Ijorn April 16, 1795; 
graduated from Union College; completed his 




fame<i Ky'^tu/ei 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



175 



medical studies in the city of New York. 
He was in the practice of his profession at 
Chittenango, New York, from 1818 to 1866, 
when he retired and settled in New York with 
his family. He died in 1867 in his seventy- 
third year. 4. Ann, died in infancy. 5. George 
Kendall, born January 29. 1799; graduated 
Union College ; was general agent and super- 
intendent of the extensive farming, mercan- 
tile and manufacturing interests of John B. 
Yates. He died May 9, 1858, unmarried, the 
only one of the eight brothers who was not 
a professional man. 6. Amelia Ann, born 
March 31, 1801, died October 27, 1871. 7. 
Ann, born April 21, 1803, died June, 1862. 
8. Richard, born October 28, 1804; gradu- 
ated Union College ; studied medicine and 
practiced at Schenectady. He died May 15, 
1837. 9. Edward, born February 15, 1807; 
graduate Union College ; studied medicine and 
settled at Chittenango, New York, where he 
was the partner of his brother, Dr. Sam- 
uel. He died January 22, 1877. 10. Charles, 
born April i, 1809. He was a graduate of 
Union College, studied law and practiced in 
Schenectady. 11. Henry, born Eebruary 2, 
181 1, died January 6, 1875. He was a gradu- 
ate of Union College; studied law and prac- 
ticed in Schenectady. He removed to New 
York, where he died. 12. James, see forward. 
13. Elizabeth, born June 11, 1816. 14. Rob- 
ert, born February 14, 1822; graduate of 
Union College ; studied medicine and practiced 
all his life in Schenectady. He was a skillful 
and most charitable physician. 

(\'n) James, son of Jeremiah and Mary 
(Kendall) Fuller, was born in the Fuller 
home, corner of Church and Front streets, 
July 24, 1814. He prepared for the practice 
of law, was admitted to the bar and became 
an attorney of note. He was a Democrat and 
a member of the Reformed church. He mar- 
ried Maria H. "^'ates, born in Schenectady at 
the Yates home, Washington avenue and 
L^nion street, and died in that city, April 16, 
1896. She was a member of the distinguished 
Yates family of Schenectady, who are fully 
recorded in this work. Children: i. Isaac, 
died at age of sixty-five years. 2. Mary 
Kendall, married Joseph Clements, a promi- 
nent contractor of Schenectady. 3. Rachel, 
married Charles Lynn, of Schenectady. 4. 
Richard, died at the age of fifty-eight years. 
He married Maggie Carley and had a daugh- 
ter, Hellena. 5. James, see forward. 

(V'HI) James (2), youngest son of James 
(i) and Maria H. (Yates) Fuller, was born 
September 17, 1848, at the old home in Sche- 
nectady, where he died January 17, 1908. He 
was educated in the common and high schools 



of that city, and read law with his father. He 
practiced his profession in Schenectady all his 
life, continuing alone after the death of his 
father. He was an able and skillful man, was 
a notary public, and cared for several estates. 
He stood high in his community, both as an 
advocate and a citizen. He was a well-known 
and active Democrat, contributing, in a large 
degree, to the local successes of his party. 
He married, January, 1881, Annie M., born in 
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, only child of 
Hugh and Hannah (Lynch) Boyd. Her 
mother died when she was seven days old, andl 
her father, Hugh Boyd, married (second) 
Catherine Megill, of the prominent Canadian 
family, founders and benefactors of Megill 
University. She was a daughter of Edward, 
and niece of Charles Megill, both of whom 
served as mayors of Hamilton. Hugh Boyd 
was born in Belfast, Ireland, of the aristo- 
cratic Boyd family of that city. He was of 
Scotch ancestry, and came to the United 
States in 1866, after a residence in Canada of 
several years. He settled in Schenectady in 
1866. He and his second wife both died in 
1899. By both marriages he had six chil- 
dren. Children of James and Annie M. 
(Boyd) Fuller: i. Hellena E., died at the 
age of five years. 2. Jane H., born 1896, a 
student at Holy Name Academy, Albany. 
Mrs. Fuller survives her husband, and resides 
in Schenectady. 



During the Napoleonic wars a 
FULLER Frenchman by name Methey 

left his native land and settled 
in risen, Germany. He had a wife and chil- 
dren, the latter born in Germany. 

(II) Nicholas Methey was born in Risen 
in 1790. He was a blacksmith by trade. He 

married Catherine , who bore him eight 

children. In 1849, after having been a widow 
about four years, she emigrated to the United 
States with her children, landing in New York 
City after a voyage of sixty-five days. She 
finally settled in Albany, with her family, and 
about 1856 married a second husband, Nicho- 
las Snyder ; they moved to Rochester. New 
York, where they died. Hitherto she had kept 
her children together, but after her second 
marriage the family was broken up and has 
never since been united. The boys took dif- 
ferent names, while the identity of the girls 
was lost in their married names. Each was 
unknown to the other and in one instance a 
brother and sister lived near neighbors un- 
known to each other, they having separated 
in childhood. Six of the eight children are ■ 
here named: i. Henry, left home after his 
mother's second marriage and assumed the 



1-6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



name of Martin; he married, in Schenectady, 
and left issue. 2. Peter, see forward. 3. Mar- 
garet, married, and is deceased. 4. Mary, 
married, and is deceased. 5. Gertrude, mar- 
ried Helas, a tailor of .Albany ; both de- 
ceased. 6. Caspar, now a resident of Utica, 
New York, was the only child that retained 
the family name, Methey. He married, and 
has twelve children. The other children died 
young. 

(HI) Peter, son of Nicholas and Catherine 
Methey, was born in the village of Huntine, 
province of Pisen, Germany, December 25, 
1835. He took the name of Fuller, after his 
mother's second marriage, and has always re- 
tained it. After his breaking-off of family 
ties, he never again knew a home un- 
til he had made one for himself. His 
mother died before he again saw her, 
and under his new name he was lost to his 
brothers and sisters. After first leaving home 
he found employment on a farm, where he 
remained until he was twenty years of age. 
He then went with Jacob Taggart, of Ber- 
nardsville, Schoharie county. New York, who 
taught him the trade of miller. He continued 
milling with Garrett Ouackenbush, and be- 
came thoroughly familiar with all milling pro- 
cesses then employed. He next operated a 
mill of his own at Worcester, New York, later 
.one at Cobleskill and at Central Bridge. About 
1865 he settled permanently at Schenectady, 
.and became associated with J. S. ^'eeder, then 
proprietor of the old Veeder Schermerhorn 
Mills. In time he became proprietor of the 
mills as a tenant, later purchased the mills, 
which he enlarged and improved. He be- 
came very prosperous, and besides his mill 
property invested in unimproved land in now 
ward ten of Schenectady. His eldest son was 
admitted a partner and the firm name, Fuller 
& .Son, was well known as a synonym for in- 
tegrity and quality. In 1908 Mr. Fuller sold 
his interest to his son and retired from active 
business life. Wesley J. Fuller, his successor, 
has still further enlarged the mills, and by the 
introduction of improved, modern milling ma- 
chinery and methods, keeps the mill products 
in the front rank. When Mr. Fuller was a 
boy he had but little advantages as to school- 
ing. He worked for his board for three win- 
ters and attended school, working nights, 
mornings and Saturdays, rising at two o'clock 
in the morning to study his lessons. He 
worked for four dollars a month in harvest, 
and thus is, in the fullest sense, a self-made 
man. Mr. Fuller is a Democrat, a strong 
advocate of temperance and prohibition. He 
has been an active member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church for thirty years. 



He married (first), in Guilderland, Albany 
county, New York, Margaret J. Quackenbush, 
who is the mother of all his children. He 
married (second) Harriet A., daughter of 
Cassander and Catherine (Smith) Philo, 
granddaughter of Judge John Philo, who died 
in Saratoga county, New York, at the age 
of eighty-eight. Children: i. Menzo R., born 
in Guilderland ; learned the milling business 
with his father, and since 1898 has been man- 
ager of a large milling concern at Seymour, 
Texas, where he married. 2. Mary, died in 
childhood. 3. Wesley J., born in Schenec- 
tady, February 2, 1869 ; he was educated in 
the public schools, learned the milling busi- 
ness, was admitted a partner with his father, 
and in 1908 purchased the mills which he now 
operates. He is a member of the Reformed 
church. Alliance Lodge, No. 867, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, a member of the Ex- 
empt Fireman's Association and an active 
member of the Volunteer Fire Company of 
his ward ; a Democrat in politics. He mar- 
ried, in 1890, Nellie J. Howenstein, born 1872. 
Children: i. Earle, born July 26, 1892; ii. 
]\Iarguerite, July 7, 1900; iii. Catherine. April 
16, 1905. 4. Catherine, died at the age of 
four years. 5. Lena, married Charles B. Stev- 
ens, of Schenectady ; children : Byron and 
Marian. 6. Edward D., born in Schenectady, 
employed in the milling business with his 
brother, Wesley J. 7. William H., born in 
Schenectady, blacksmith by trade, married 
May Flashover; children: Mary, Peter and 
\'irginia. 8. Elizabeth (Belle), born in Sche- 
nectady, married a Mr. Cosboth. 9. Alfred, 
died at age of six months. 



The family name of Rankin 
RANKIN may have come from several 

sources, depending upon the 
language from which it is derived. If the 
name in its original form, as first employed by 
the family, was derived from the Danish 
word "Rank," it would signify a person of 
upright character or one of erect bearing, 
adopted because of the upright carriage of 
him who first bore this name. If it is of 
Greek derivation, it would come from "Roinn," 
a promontory, share or division, and "Ceann," 
head — the head of the promontory. In all 
probability Rankin means Kin of Ran, as ofj 
Randolph. 

(I) William Rankin, torn in Stirlingshire,! 
Scotland, May 16, 1745, came to America ir 
early life. For some time he resided 
Troy, New York, and also at GiarlestonJ 
South Carolina. With other loyalists he emi^ 
grated to Shelburne, Nova Scotia, during the 
American revolution, where he died Septer 





'jyi^ 



i 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



177 



ber 9, 1834. He was twice married. His sec- 
ond wife, whom he married at Brooklyn, New 
York, June 4, 1780, was Wilhelmina Payne, a 
widow, daughter of Dr. Ludowick Dunkle, a 
native of Holland. He had ten children. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) 
and Wilhelmina (Payne) Rankin, was born 
at Shelburne, Nova Scotia. December 22, 1785. 
He came early in life to Elizabethtown (now 
Elizabeth), New Jersey, and died December 

14, 1869, while attending prayer meeting in 
Wyckliffe Chapel, Newark, New Jersey, 
which he had built through his interest in 
church work. He was a prosperous manu- 
facturer of Newark, highly respected, and 
lived at Hill Park, High street, in that city. 
He received the honorary degree of A.AL, 
Princeton, 1865. He married, at Elizabeth- 
town, New Jersey, June 18, 1809, Abigail Og- 
den, born at that place September 7, 1789, 
died at Newark, New Jersey, December 22, 
1876. She was a descendant of John Ogden, 
the Pilgrim, who was born September 19, 
1609, married, May 8, 1637. Jane Bond, and 
died in 1682. His son, Captain Benjamin 
Ogden. was born in 1654, married, 1685, Han- 
nah, daughter of John Woodruff, and died 
November 20, 1722. Their son, John Ogden, 
was born in 1689, married, October 27, 1717, 
Man,', daughter of Jacob Mitchell and j\Iary 
Morse. Their son, John Ogden, was born 
January 14, 1724, married (circa). 1746, Abi- 
gail, daughter of John and Abigail Clark, and 
died September 27, 181 7. Their son, Andrew 
Ogden, was born October 10, 1767, died Oc- 
tober ID, 1836, married Phoebe CoUard, De- 
ceriiber 9, 1788, who was born August 27, 
1764. and died October 28, 1847, being the 
daughter of Isaac Collard and Anne Spinning, 
a descendant of Humphrey Spinning, one of 
the Elizabethtown associates. The Collards 
were Huguenots. Abigail, daughter of An- 
drew and Phoebe Ogden, married William 
Rankin. 

Children of William (2) and Abigail (Og- 
den ) Rankin: i. William. Jr.. born September 

15, 1810; graduated at Williams College, was, 
in 1910, its oldest living graduate; resides 
with his son. Prof. Walter M. Rankin (Wil- 
liams, Ph.D., Munich) at Princeton, New 
Jersey. 2. Mary Ogden, born October 16, 
1812; married Dr. Isaac M. Ward, October 
31, 1832; died January 19, 1896. 3. Phebe 
Ann. born June 30, 1814: died at Newark, 
New Jersey, February 2, 1890; married. May 
8. 1838, John L. Goble, of Newark, who died 
March 30, 1844. 4. Susan, born July 17, 
1816, died at Newark. New Jersey, November 
23. 1886: married. Newark, June 25, 1834, 
Peter S. Duryee, who died September 25, 



1877. 5. Isaac Newton, born .-Kpril 7, 1818; 
died at Troy, New York, October 15, 1856; 
married (first), June 19, 1844, Charlotte 
Thomas, who died at Newark, New Jersey, 
October 2, 1853; married (second), October 
25. 1855, Isabella S. Thomas, who died No- 
vember 20, 1858. 6. Edward Erastus, born 
May 15, 1820; died at Newark, New Jer.sey, 
July 22, 1889; married Emily Watkinson, 
Hartford, Connecticut, October 13, 1847, see 
forward. 7. Lucinda Caroline, born Novem- 
ber 6, 1822; died New York City, February 
24, 1902; married, October 2, 1844, Rev. Sam- 
uel H. Hall. 8. Henry -Van Vleck, born Sep- 
tember II, 1825; graduated Princeton. 1843; 
became missionary to China, and died at 
Tungchow, China, July 2, 1863 ; married, 
July 20. 1848, Mary G. Knight. His widow 
married Rev. Robert Aikman ; living (1910) 
at Madison, New Jersey. 9. Matilda Whiting, 
born April 17. 1829; died June 28, 1838. 10. 
John Joseph, born July 17, 1831 ; graduated 
"Princeton, 1852: died, unmarried, at Florence, 
Italy, November 4. 1853. 

(Ill) Edward Erastus, sixth child of Wil- 
liam (2) and Abigail (Ogden) Rankin, was 
born May 15, 1820; graduated at Yale Col- 
lege, 1840; Union Theological Seminary, 
1843; pastor at Springfield, New Jersey, 
1847-49; New York City pastorate, 1849-1863; 
Christian Commission, 1863-65 ; First Qiurch 
of Christ, Fairfield, Connecticut, 1866-79; re- 
ceived degree of D.D. from Rutgers College. 
He died at Newark, New Jersey, July 22, 
1889. He married, October 13, 1847, Emily 
Watkinson, of Hartford, Connecticut. 

The Watkinson line, being of direct con- 
cern and interesting, in brief, is as follows : It 
is a tradition in the family that the Watkin- 
sons lived at Black Notely Hall, England, for 
five hundred years, and that one of them was 
a soldier in the army of Cromwell. John 
Watkinson had for his fourth son, Richard, 
who married Mary Sparrow, daughter of Sam- 
uel Sparrow and Mary Grainger. Richard 
Watkinson died June 18. 1750. His son Sam- 
uel was born at Sibble Hedingham, England, 
July I. 1745. and removed to Lavenham, 
Suffolk, England, in 1752, marrying Sarah 
Blair, October 6, 1768. She was great-grand- 
daughter of David Blair, of Adamton. Eng- 
land, who obtained a charter from Charles 
II, July 2, 1669, and married ]\Iargaret Bos- 
well, of Auchenloch. Ayrshire, Scotland. 
Their daughter Margaret married William 
Blair, of Giffordland, Dairy, Ayrshire. Scot- 
land, and their son David was father of Sarah, 
wife of Samuel \\"atkinson. 

Children of Samuel Watkinson and Sarah 
Blair, all born at Lavenham, in house still 



178 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



standing: Mary, married Joseph Perkins, of 
Norwich, Connecticut, November 13, 1803; 
Sarah, married Jacob Pledger, of Little Bad- 
don, Essex, England, May 10, 1792; John 
Revell, married Hannah Hubbard, of Middle- 
town. Connecticut, January 26, 1805 ; their 
daugliter. Jane Elizabeth, born July 17. 1809, 
married \\'alcott Huntington, of Hartford, 
Connecticut, and their children have the por- 
traits of Samuel Watkinson and Sarah Blair, 
(the latter painted by Gainsborough) ; Sam- 
uel Watkinson, Jr., died in New York. Sep- 
tember 6. 1799 ; Elizabeth, married Alexan- 
der Collins, of Middletown, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 2, 1802; Richard, died in New York, 
September 8, 1799; David, married Olive, 
daughter of Barzillai Hudson, at Hartford, 
May 22, 1803 ; William, married Elizabeth A. 
McCall, of New York, February 6, 1823 ; Ann, 
married James H. Wells, of Hartford. Octo- 
ber 4. 1803: Edward (father of Emily Wat- 
kinson Rankin), married Lavinia Hudson, 
daughter of Barzillai, at Hartford, September 
3, 1810 : Jane, married Samuel Gill, of Middle- 
town, Connecticut, May 28, 1804 ; Robert, 
married Maria, daughter of General Cham- 
pion, of Westchester, Connecticut. 

Samuel Watkinson, his wife and twelve chil- 
dren, as well as many of his Lavenham neigh- 
bors, under his escort, came to America in 
1795 to escape religious persecution, being 
Presbyterians, and settled in Middletown, Con- 
necticut, where he died October 26, 1816. 
Sarah Blair, his wife, was born December 
26, 1743, and died at Middletown, March 17, 
1819. 

Edward Watkinson, tenth child of Samuel 
and Sarah (Blair) Watkinson, was bom at 
Lavenham. England. May 13, 1783, and died 
at Hartford, Connecticut, February 17, 1841. 
He was in the wholesale iron business with 
his brother, David, and lived on Prospect 
street. He married, at Hartford. September 
3. 1810, Lavinia Hudson. Children: Har- 
riet, married Rev. Horace Hooker (Thomas 
Hooker, lawyer, of New York City, was only 
surviving child in 1910. and he married Mar- 
garet Averill : no children) ; Edward P). Wat- 
kinson. married (first) Jane Abernethy, (sec- 
ond) Louise Stone, of Hartford, who survived 
him, with children Helen, Grace and Mary; 
Alfred \\'atkinson, married Jane Hudson, and 
had children, Henry, David. Alice, Carohne 
and J. Russell Watkinson. of Hartford, Con- 
necticut ; Maria, married Edward W. Nichols, 
and their only child was Prof. Edward L. 
Nichols, of Cornell University, who married 
Ida Preston, and has two children : Elizabeth 
and Robert ; Anna, married Dr. Lucius Ab- 
bott, of Hartford, no children; Margaret, mar- 



ried Dr. Daniel Brooks, of Brooklyn, no chil- 
dren ; David, died unmarried ; Emily, married 
Edward Erastus Rankin, and was mother of 
Edward Watkinson Rankin. She was born 
at Hartford, Connecticut, March 28, 1828, and 
died at Newark, New Jersey, March 10, 1901. 

Lavinia Hudson, grandmother of Edward 
Watkinson Rankin, and wife of Edward Wat- 
kinson, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, 
in 1784, and died June 10, 1859. Her father 
was Barzillai Hudson, and her mother was 
Hannah Bunce. Her grandfather. William 
Hudson, was born at Bridgewater, Massachu- 
setts, June 22, 1709. Barzillai Hudson was 
born at Bridgewater, Massachusetts. Decem- 
ber 25, 1741; removed to Hartford, where he 
married, 1778, and died July 31, 1823. Han- 
nah Bunce, daughter of Aaron Bunce, of 
Lebanon, Connecticut, was born in 1749, and 
died at Hartford, September 26, 1807. She 
married (first) Mr. Colton, and after his 
death, she married Ebenezer Watson, editor 
and publisher of the Hartford Couraitt, who 
died September 22. 1777. After his death she 
continued the publication of the Coiirant, with 
the aid of the staff, until her marriage with 
Mr. Hudson, who carried on the paper. 

Children of Edward Erastus and Emily 
(Watkinson) Rankin: i. Margaret, born at 
Springfield, New Jersey, April, 1849; died in 
New York City, aged seven years. 2. Edward 
Watkinson, born in New York City, August 
12, 1850; married. Albany, New York. June 
3, 1884, Catherine P.ogart Putnam, see for- 
ward. 3. Rev. Isaac Ogden, born in New 
York City, November 22. 1852; graduated at 
Princeton, 1873; Union Theological Seminary, 
1876; in 1910, one of the editors of The Con- 
grcgationalist; married Martha, born October 
20. 1855, daughter of Rev. Perkins Kirkland 
Clark, of Westfield, Massachusetts (Yale, 
1838), and Hannah Smith Avery, of Cole- 
raine, Massachusetts, to whom were born 
Hugh (Rankin), (Yale, 1903), residing in 
New York City, Margaret Clark ( Rankin) ,^ 
(Smith College, 1908). and Lawrence Avery 
(Rankin), of Brookline. Massachusetts. 4. 
Caroline Hall, born in New York City, Au- 
gust 31. 1855; married, September 27,, 1885, at 
Newark, New Jersey, John Rogers, Ayer, son 
of Rev. Charles Lathrop .Ayer. born North 
Stonington. Connecticut. June 25, 1826, died 
Windsor, Connecticut. June 2. 1907; married, 
November. i84(). Alary iiishop. at South Kil- 
lingly, Connecticut, who was born July 26,. 
1828. at Lisbon, Connecticut. John Rogers 
Ayer died at Richmond, Massachusetts, Oc- 
tober 17, 1909, leaving no children, and his 
widow resided there in 1910. 5. James Hep- 
burn, born in New York City, January 17, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



179 



1858; died at Fairfield, Connecticut, March 
9, 1876. 6. William, born in New York City, 
April 2, 1863; art critic; resided, 1910, at 
Roselle Park, New Jersey; Princeton, 1886; 
married, Walpack, New Jersey, June 8, 1903, 
Carrie Louise Rundle ; children : Teresa, Caro- 
line and Wilhelmina. 7. John Luther, born 
at Fairfield, Connecticut, December 15, 1869; 
graduate of Princeton, 1892; lawyer, residing, 
1910, at South Orange, New Jersey; married, 
in St. George's Church, London, England, 
October 17, 1907, Mary Wheelwright Lang- 
don, of New York City ; children : Langdon 
and Margaret. 8. Richard Plenry, attorney, 
Newark, New Jersey, born at Fairfield, Con- 
necticut, December 15, 1869; LL.B., New 
York University ; married, Newark, New Jer- 
sey, May 18, 1904. Alice Bisshop Gibb ; chil- 
dren : De Guibe, \'iolet Alice and Audrey 
Sewell. 

(R') Edward Watkinson, son of Edward 
Erastus and Emily (Watkinson) Rankin, was 
born in New York City, August I2. 1850. He 
received his education at the Collegiate School 
of New York, the Newark (New Jersey) 
Academy, and Williston Seminary. He re- 
ceived the degree of A.B. from Princeton in 
1871, and that of A.M.. in 1873, and LL.B. 
from the Albany Law School of Union Uni- 
versity the same year. He was admitted to 
practice in 1873, ^^^ '" August of the same 
year went to Europe for the purpose of travel 
and study, remaining until December, 1874. 
The spring of the following year he settled 
in Albany, where he has continued to practice 
ever since, with an office in Tweddle Build- 
ing. He is a charter member of the University 
Club, and joined the Albany Institute in 1878. 
He has been a trustee of the Second Presby- 
terian Church, Albany, and has resided for 
over a quarter of a century in the Cherry Hill 
Mansion in the southern part of the city. He 
married, June 3, 1884, at Cherry Hill, Albany, 
Catherine Bogart Putman (see Putman fam- 
ily). 

Children: i. Edward Elmendorf, born 
June 16, 1885, at Cherry Hill. Albany, in the 
home built by his mother's great-grandfather, 
Philip Van Rensselaer; graduate of Albany 
Academy, 1904; Phillips Exeter, 1905; 
Princeton, A.B., 1909; student. Harvard Law 
School, 1910. 2. Herbert Edward, born at 
Cherry Hill. Albany, April 15, 1887; graduate 
of Albany Academy, 1904; Phillips Andover, 
1905; Princeton, A.B., 1909; A.M., 1910; 
Sayre Fellow in Chemistry, 1909-10; assist- 
ant in chemistry, Princeton, 1910. 3. Emily 
Watkinson. born at Cherry Hill, Albany. May 
14, 1889; student at Smith College, class of 
1911. 



(The Putnam Line). 

Catherine Bogart Putman, wife of Edward 
Watkinson Rankin, of Albany, was Ixirn at 
Glen, Montgomery county, New York, Febru- 
ary 20, 1857. Upon the death of her mother, 
Harriet Maria Van Rensselaer Putman, in 
i860, she came to Albany to live at the old 
homestead, Cherry Hill, with Mrs. P. E. El- 
mendorf, daughter of General Solomon and 
Arriet Van Rensselaer, a dearly-beloved cousin 
of her mother. Dr. and Mrs. Elmendorf had 
one daughter, Harriet Van Rensselaer Elmen- 
dorf, who married Dr. John Woodworth 
Gould. 

Mrs. Rankin is now owner of the old man- 
sion, which stands on high ground to the west 
of South Pearl street, almost concealed by 
large trees, a double house, built in 1768, of 
wood, filled in with brick, with a spacious ver- 
anda from which one may view the Hudson 
river with its commerce passing continually 
up and down. Instead of abandoning the 
house for another portion of the city, which 
might seem to some to be more congenial, 
or disturbing the interior furnishing as styles 
changed, she turned her attention to the beau- 
tifying of the estate, and to-day presides over 
one of the most quaintly charming of all the 
old-fashioned residences to be found within 
the limits of Albany county. Not alone does 
it possess for her abundance of charm of 
family romance, but her guests are immedi- 
ately appreciative of this when cordially re- 
ceived within the walls from which ancestral 
portraits look down as one sits beside a great 
hearth fitted with all the old utensils, even 
to the crane, and is served from silver and 
china of past generations. It is to be noted 
at once that everything is in keeping, thus 
giving an atmosphere of unusual refinement. 
Among the many famous men of the early 
days entertained at Cherry Hill, General La- 
fayette was twice an honored guest while vis- 
iting in this country. 

Jan Putman was born in Holland, in 1645, 
and came to America in 1661. He married 
Cornelia, daughter of Arent Andriese Bradt 
and Catalyntje De \'os. He and his wife were 
killed in the Schenectady massacre of Febru- 
ary 8, 1690. 

\'ictor, son of Jan and Cornelia I'utman, 
born about 1680, at Schenect-vdy ; married 
Grietje (Margaret) Mebie, at Albany, New 
York. 

Cornelis. son of Victor and Grietje Put- 
man, born December 17, 1724; married Eliza 
Pruyn, who died March 21. 1812, and he 
April 19, 1798. 

Henry, son of Cornelis and Eliza (Pruyn) 
Putman, born September 12, 1761 ; married. 



i8o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



March 4, 1781, Mary Quackenbush, of 
Charleston, New York, and died about 1798. 

Cornelius H., son of Henry and Mary 
(Quackenbush) Putman, born August 29, 
1796; died August 12, 1873; lawyer; mar- 
ried. October 24, 1820, Gazena \^isscher 
Maybee. 

Dr. Alonzo Putman, son of Cornelius H. 
and Gazena \'. (Maybee) Putman, born Oc- 
tober, 1826; married, June 4, 1856, Harriet 
Maria Van Rensselaer; died August 29, 1892. 
He was father of Catherine Bogart (Putman) 
Rankin. 

(The Visscher Line). 

Bastiaen Visscher, ancestor of the family 
of that name in America, lived at Hoorn, 
Holland, and married Dirkje Teunise. He 
had two sons, who came to Rensselaerwyck 
prior to 1644, Frederick, who is said to have 
returned to Holland, and Harmen. 

Harmen Bastiaense Visscher was born about 
1619, and married Hester Tjerkse, dying prior 
to 1692. His daughter, Ariantje, married 
Hieronomus Wendell (father of Elsie, wife of 
Dr. Nicholas Schuyler) before 1676. 

Frederick Visscher, son of Harmen, mar- 
ried, January 13, 1692, Margarita, daughter 
of Captain Hans Hendrick Hansen and Eva 
Gillese (daughter of Jellis Pieterse Myer), and 
sister of Hendrick Hansen, fifth mayor of 
Albany. 

Harmon Visscher, son of Frederick, bap- 
tized August 23, 1701, married, about 1739, 
Catherine Brouwer, daughter of William 
Brouwer, of Schenectady. He died, about 
1774, near Fonda, New York. 

Colonel Frederick X'isscher, son of Har- 
mon, was born February 21, 1741, at Albany, 
and married, May 22, 1768, Gazena, daugh- 
ter of Daniel DeGraff and Gazena Swits. He 
died June 9, 1809. He was colonel of the 
Tryon county militia, commanded a regiment 
under General Herkimer at the battle of 
Oriskany, ami was severely wounded in a 
fight against Tories and Indians, Alay 21, 
1780. He was appointed brigadier-general 
by Governor George Qinton, February 6, 
1787, for services in the revolutionary war, 
and was later first judge of the court of com- 
mon pleas of Montgomery county. In June, 
1782, on the occasion of General Washing- 
ton's visit to Schenectady and at a dinner 
given in his honor, Colonel Visscher was, at 
the personal request of Washington, seated at 
his right hand. 

Gazena, daughter of Colonel Frederick Vis- 
scher, was born July 14, 1771, and married, 
May 2, 1792, Simon Maybee. 

Gazena, daughter of Simon and Gazena 
(Visscher) Maybee, was born February 23, 



1801, married October 24, 1820, Cornelius 
H. Putman, and died February 20, 1861. She 
was the mother of Dr. Alonzo Putman and 
grandmother of Mrs. Catherine B. (Putman) 
Rankin. 

(Van Rensselaer line of Mrs. Rankin's .An- 
cestry). 

Her mother, the wife of Dr. Alonzo Put- 
man, was Harriet Maria Van Rensselaer, who 
was born September 12, 1827, married June 
4, 1856, and died August 15, i860. 

Killaen Van Rensselaer, generally known 
as the First Patroon, was a pearl and dia- 
mond merchant in Amsterdam, Holland, and 
a director in the Dutch West India Company. 
He was the founder of the colony of Rens- 
selaerwyck, and married, in 1627, Anna 
daughter of Jan \'an Wely, of Berneveldt, 
and Leonora Hawkins, of Antwerp. He died 
in 1646. 

His son Jeremias married, July 12, 1663, 
Maria, daughter of Olof Stevense Van Cort- 
landt, of New Amsterdam, president of the 
Dutch council, and died October 14, 1674. 
From his son Killian the manorial branch of 
the \^an Rensselaers is descended, and, from 
the second son, Hendrick, the Cherry Hill and 
Claverack branches. His daughter Maria 
married Colonel Pieter Schuyler. 

Hendrick Van Rensselaer, second son of 
Jeremiah or Jeremias, was born at Green- 
bush, opposite Albany, October 23, i66j ; mar- 
ried. May 16, 1689, Catharina Van Brugh, 
granddaughter of Anneke Jans, and died in 
July, 1740. His daughter Maria married 
Samuel Ten Broeck. 

Colonel Killaen Van Rensselaer, youngest 
son of Hendrick, born December 27, 1717; 
married, January 7, 1742, Ariantje, daughter 
of Dr. Nicholas Schuyler, and died in 1781. 
He was commissioned colonel of the Fourth 
Regiment, New York Militia, October 20, 
1775. and served during the war. He was a 
member of the committee of correspondence, 
and of the New York assembly. 

Philip Van Rensselaer, son of Killaen, born 
May 19, 1747; married to Maria Sanders, by 
Dominie Westerlo, February 24, 176S, at the 
home of her grandfather, Peter Schuyler, at 
the Flatts, and died March 3, 1798. He 
built the present Cherry Hill Mansion in 
1768. shortly after General Philip Schuyler 
built the Schuyler mansion, not far away, and 
one year before the building of the Van 
Rensselaer Manor House, north of the city. 
To this home he brought his bride. The 
mansion subsequently came to General Solo- 
mon \'an Rensselaer, who married Arriet, 
daughter of Philip Van Rensselaer, and t'o hep 
daughter, Harriet, wife of Dr. Peter E. El 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



i8i 



nendorf. Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Van 
Rensselaer had charge of the military stores 
of the Northern Department during the revo- 
lutionary war. He received his commission 
from General Philip Schuyler and was con- 
firmed by congress. He was also a member 
of the committee of public safety of Albany. 
Robert Sanders Van Rensselaer, second 
child of Philip and ]\Iaria Van Rensselaer, 
was born January 19, 1773, at Cherry Hill; 
married, October 9, 1800, Catherine Nicholas 
Bogart, at the home of her stepfather, James 
\'an Rensselaer, at Crystal Hill. Harriet Ma- 
ria, their youngest daughter, married Dr. 
Alonzo Putman, and was mother of Catherine 
Bogart (Putman) Rankin. 

(Anneke Jans Line of Mrs. Rankin's Ancestry.) 

Anneke Jans was daughter of Tryntje Jan- 
sen, and married (first) Roelof Jansen, com- 
ing to America and settling at Rensselaer- 
wyck with him in 1630. They removed to 
New Amsterdam in 1636, where he died. She 
married (second), in March, 1638, Rev. Ever- 
ardus Bogardus, minister of the Dutch church, 
the first settled pastor in the colony. She 
had, by her first husband, five children, of 
whom the second, Tryntje Roelofs, married, 
for her second husband, Johannes Van Brugh. 
Catharina, daughter of Johannes and Tryntje 
Van Brugh, married Hendrick Van Rensse- 
laer. 

(Schuyler Line of Mrs. Rankin's Ancestry.) 

Philip Pieterse Schuyler came from Amster- 
dam to Beverwyck. He married, December 
12, 1650, Margritta, daughter of Brant 
Arentse \'an Schlictenhorst, resident director 
of Rensselaerwyck. He was ancestor of the 
Schuylers, of America, and had ten children. 

Philip Schuyler, Jr., eighth son of Philip, 
was born February 8, 1666, and married 
(first), July 25, 1687, Elizabeth De Meyer, 
dying May 24, 1724. 

Dr. Nicholas Schuyler, son of Philip and 
Elizabeth (De Meyer) Schuyler, was born 
September 11, 1691, married, December 2, 
1714. Elsie Wendell, and died July 3, 1748. 
They had eight children. 

Ariantje Schuyler, third child of Dr. Nicho- 
las and Elsie (Wendell) Schuyler, was born 
March 6, 1720, married, January 7, 1742, 
Colonel Killaen \'an Rensselaer, son of Hend- 
rick, and father of Philip Van Rensselaer, and 
died October 17, 1763. She was a second 
cousin of General Philip Schuyler, and her 
portrait, painted on wood, hangs in the dining- 
room of the Cherry Hill mansion. 

Harmanus Schuyler, seventh child of Dr. 
Nicholas and Elsie (Wendell) Schuyler, and 



brother of Ariantje, wife of Killaen Van Rens- 
selaer, was born April 2, 1727, married Chris- 
tina Ten Broeck, September i, 1796, and had 
nine children. He was assistant deputy com- 
missary general of the Northern Department, 
on appointment of General Philip Schuyler. 
Elsie Schuyler, daughter of Harmanus and 
Christina (Ten Broeck) Schuyler, was born 
February 6, 1760, June 15, 1783, Dr. Nicholas 
N. Bogart, of New York City, and, after 
his death, James Van Rensselaer, of Crystal 
Flill, in town of Bethlehem. She died Sep- 
tember 26, 1838. Her only child, by her first 
husband, was Catherine Nicholas Bogart, who 
married Robert Sanders Van Rensselaer. Dr. 
Bogart died September 26, 1783. 

Pieter Schuyler, fifth son of Philip Schuyler 
and ]\Iargritta Van Schlictenhorst, was born 
in Rensselaerwyck, September 17, 1657, and 
married (second) Maria, daughter of Jeremiah 
Van Rensselaer and Maria Van Cortlandt, 
September 14, 1691. He died February 19, 
1724. He was the first mayor of Albany, and 
held various military and civil appointments. 

Peter Schuyler, Jr., third son of Pieter 
Schuyler, baptized January 12, 1698, married, 
November 4, 1722, Catherine Groesbeck. He 
was appointed captain when twenty-three years 
old, and died September 2, 1753. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Peter Schuyler, Jr., 
baptized January 3, 1725, married, January 11, 
1747, Robert Sanders. Their daughter, 'Ma- 
ria, married Philip Van Rensselaer, of Cherry 
Hill, Albany. 

(Sanders Line of Mrs. Rankin's Ancestry.) 

Thomas Sanders, of Amsterdam, married 
Sarah Corneilse Van Gorcum, in New .Am- 
sterdam, September 16, 1640, who died in Al- 
bany, December, 1669. 

Robert, son of Thomas Sanders, baptized, 
New Amsterdam, November 10, 1641, married 
Elsje Barentse. 

Barent, son of Robert Sanders, married 
Maria, daughter of Evert Wendell, September 
19, 1704, and was buried June 22, 1738. 

Robert, son of Barent and Maria (Wen- 
dell) Sanders, twenty-third mayor of Albany, 
was born at Albany, July 11, 1705, married, 
January 12, 1747, Elizabeth, daughter of Peter 
Schuyler, Jr. Their daughter. Maria, mar- 
ried Philip Yan Rensselaer, of Cherry Hill, 
Albany. 

(Wendell Line of Mrs. Rankin's Ancestry.) 
Evert Janse Wendell, born 1615, at Emden, 
Hanover, came to America and settled in New 
Amsterdam about 1642. He married (first) 
Susanna Du Trieux, July 31, 1644, who died 
about 1660; married (second) Maritje 



l82 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Abramse, daugliter of Abraham Pieter \'os- 
burgh. He died in Albany, in 1709. 

Hieronimus (Jeronimus), son of Evert J. 
and Susanna (Du Trieux) Wendell, was born 
in 1655, and married Ariantje Visscher, 
daughter of Harmen and Hester Visscher, 
before 1676. 

Elsie, daughter of Hieronimus Wendell, was 
born April 21, 1689, married Dr. Nicholas 
Schuyler, December 2, -1714, and was the 
mother of Ariantje Schuyler, wife of Colonel 
Killaen Van Rensselaer. 

Maria, daughter of Evert Janse Wendell 
and Maritje, his second wife, was born August 
16, 1677, and married, September 9, 1704, 
Barent Sanders. 

(Ten Broeck Line of Mrs. Rankin's Ancestry.) 
Dirck Wesselse Ten Broeck was born De- 
cember 18, 1638, and died September 18, 1717, 
at Clermont, New York. He married, Al- 
bany, 1663, Christyna Van Buren (born May 
19, 1644, died November 24, 1729, daughter 
of Cornelis Maessen Van Buren and Cata- 
lyntje Martensen, who came from Guelder- 
land, 1631). He was alderman under the 
original charter of the city of Albany, 1686, 
recorder for ten years, member of provincial 
assembly, five years, and was appointed the 
fourth mayor of Albany, 1696. 

His son, Samuel Ten Broeck, was born in 
1680, died April 5, 1756, married, Novem- 
ber 7, 1712, Maria, daughter of Hendrick Van 
Rensselaer and Catharina Van Brugh. His 
wife was baptized March 29, 1689, and died 
July 31, 1771. 

Cliristina, daughter of Samuel and Maria 
(Van Rensselaer) Ten Broeck, was born Nch 
vember 29, 1729; married, Claverack, Colum- 
bia county. New York, September 4, 1754. 
Colonel Harmanus Schuyler, who died Sep- 
tember I, 1796. Their daughter, Elsje, who 
married Dr. Nicholas Bogart, entertained, in 
July, 1783, General Washington, Governor 
Clinton and General Philip Schuyler, in the ab- 
sence of her mother, at their home at old 
Saratoga (Schuylerville), when they came to 
visit the scene of Burgoyne's surrender. 



John Ranken, founder of the 
R.ANKEN Troy family, and a pioneer 

woollen manufacturer, was 
born at Wood J'ank, near Garvah, London- 
derry, Ireland, February 26, 1810, died at 
Albia (Troy), September 10, 1864. He came 
to the L^nited States when he was twenty-one 
years of age, located in Albany, afterward in 
Troy. He had learned his trade in the wool- 
len mills at home, and began in Troy his long 
and successful business career as an employee 



of the Troy Woollen Company. He was con- 
nected with this corporation for a period of 
about fifty years, becoming a partner and in 
full charge of the Troy plant. A few years 
before his death he sold his interest and re- 
tired. He possessed a large estate and was 
a leading citizen of the city. He married 
Nancy McNally, born May, 1816, at Auburn, 
New York, died March 20. 1890, at Albia, 
New York. Children: i. Hugh Fulton, born 
June 13, 1835; he shipped on a whaling ves- 
sel bound for the polar seas, and was never 
after heard from, nor was the ship on which 
he sailed. 2. Hannah Delia, born October 8, 

; married Dr. George Billings, of Troy, 

New York. 3. Henry Stearns, see forward. 
4. William John, see forward. 5. Robert 
Brown, born January 2, 1842 ; married Maggie 
Walker. 6. David Molyneux, born May 16, 
1843; married Mary Morrison: child: Fred 
Ranken, the well-known dramatic critic ; nom 
de plume, "Ginger Bread." 7. Elizabeth Jane, 
born March 8, 1845 ; married J. R. Betts, of 
New York. 8. Peter B., born February 6, 
1847; ^ resident of Troy. 9. Sarah L., born 
November 20, 1848; married J. McDowell, 
child : Lulu, married James Van Kuren. 10. 
Mary, born September 26, 1850; married 
Martin McLane. 

(II) Henry Stearns, son of John and 
Nancy (McNally) Ranken, was born at the 
Ranken homestead, Albia, near Troy, New 
York, May 26, 1836. He was educated in 
the public schools and at the boarding school 
at Sand Lake, New York. After an initial 
business e.xperience, he entered into a partner- 
ship with William J. Ranken, and his uncle, 
Hugh Ranken, forming the firm known as the 
Ranken Manufacturing Company, of Cohoes, 
New York. They were a successful cor- 
poration, and for over thirty years Mr. Ran- 
ken was connected with the manufacturing 
business in Cohoes, and the wool business in 
Troy. He then retired to the Ranken estate 
at Albia, of which he is manager. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian church, and a 
Republican in politics. He married (first) 
Eliza Kerr Wickes, born in Sand Lake, New 
York, died in Albia, New York. He married 
(second) Victoria Charlotte Nanson, born in 
Buffalo, New York. Child of first wife: 
Jessie Wickes, married Arthur J. Rockwood, 
and has Arthur (2), Jessica and Elizabeth 
Rockwood. Children of second wife : Vic- 
toria Charlotte and Henry Nanson. 

(II) William John, son of John and Nancy 
(McNally) Ranken, was born at Albia, New 
York, February 10, 1840. He was in busi- 
ness with his father, then in connection with 
his brother, Henry Stearns Ranken, and 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



183 



uncle, Hugh Ranken, he formed the Ranken 
JManufacturingf Company, of Cohoes, New 
York, where they carried on a successful busi- 
-ness for thirty years. He was a man of in- 
fluence and wealth, closely identified with 
Tarious business interests. He married Sylvia 
Jane Bowen, born in South Adams, Massa- 
chusetts, died in Troy, July, 1905. Chil- 
<lrcn : i. Grace, married William J. Gurley. 2. 
Emma G. 3. William John (2), of Seattle, 
AVashington ; married Helen Hastings ; chil- 
•dren : Paul C. and Jack Ranken. 4. Thomas 
Bowen, of Toledo, Ohio ; married Cora Hill, 
of Chicago. 5. Herbert, of Troy. 



The family name of Rath- 
RATHBONE bone is derived from the 
Saxon language, and signi- 
fies an early gift. 

There have been various spellings of the 
name in this country, but some of them are 
by mistake, and it is best to speak only of 
those who, belonging to the same family by 
various lines of descent, have adhered to def- 
inite forms. It is declared, with good author- 
"ity, that the similar naine of Rabone (Rabun) 
was of the same origin, as was also Raws- 
bone and Rathbun. In "James Savage's Gen- 
'ealogical Dictionary," prominent mention is 
made of George Rabun, and in "Belknap's 
History of New Hampshire" it is stated that 
this was probably a mistake for Rathbone, 
who was in Exeter in 1639. The year previ- 
ous he had sympathized with the Rev. Mr. 
Wheelwright, a man of considerable learning, 
piety and position, and the brother of Mrs. 
Anne Hutchinson. With him, Rabun, or 
Tfathbone, was banished from Boston for de- 
fending his religions opinions. Having been 
deprived of his privileges, he combined with 
some others suffering the same fate, about 
thirty-five in all, and set up an independent 
•government at Squamscot Ealls, New Hamp- 
shire, naming the place Exeter. The Rath- 
bone arms consist of a shield argent, three 
doves azure. Crest : A dove proper, holding an 
•olive branch. Motto: Suaviter et fortiter. 

Regarding the origin of the family in 
America, there were several accounts former- 
ly current. It was asserted that this family 
descended from Thomas Rathbone, who came 
from England in 162 1. A second statement 
is to the effect that those of the name came 
from John Rathbone, a member of a Liver- 
pool family who came to America in 1625. 
Another explanation is that they are de- 
scended from an elder brother of Colonel 
John Rathbone, who was an officer of the 
■parliamentary army of 1658, noted for his de- 
motion to Republican principles. 



The earliest authentic records point to the 
Rev. William Rathbone as the first of the 
name appearing in America, and allusion is 
made to him in a work published in 1637, 
which item was reprinted in the "Historical 
Collections of Massachusetts." This man was 
an author. It is shown that his doctrinal 
views were not in accord with the members 
of the Massachusetts colony, and it is believed 
that he and likewise his descendants were not 
admitted into the New England church, with 
the consequence that they were not permitted 
to participate in the general public affairs. 

The Rhode Island colonial records mention 
John Rawsbone, of New Shoreham, as one 
who was admitted to full political rights as 
freeman, on May 4, 1664, being the same per- 
son whom the Block Island records name John 
Rathbone. The latter was one of those who 
met at the house of Dr. Alcock on August 
17, 1660, to confer regarding the purchase 
of Block Island, and was one of the original 
sixteen purchasers of that island from Gov- 
ernor Endicott and three others, to whom it 
had been granted for public services, hence 
he will long continue to figure in the coun- 
try's history. 

John Rathbone was chosen in 1676 one of 
the surveyors of highways. He occupied a 
place in the Rhode Island general assembly, 
in 1682-83-84, as representative from Block 
Island. He was one of the petitioners to the 
King of Great Britain in 1686 in reference to 
the "Quo Warranto," and was one of the 
Rhode Island grand jury in 1688. He had 
an interesting experience during the French 
and Indian wars which has been handed down 
with authenticity as family history. In the year 
1689, in the month of July, Mr. Rathbone 
had a narrow escape from the French, who 
had come in three vessels and were then pil- 
laging the island. They inquired of some 
one or more of the people "who were the 
likeliest among them to have money." They 
told them of John Rathbone as the most like- 
ly. The French proceeded to capture him, 
as they supposed, and demanded of him his 
money. The captive denied having any but 
a trifling sum. They endeavored to make him 
confess that he had more and to deliver it to 
them by tying him up and whipping him bar- 
barously. While they were doing all this to 
an innocent man whom they mistook for the 
monied John Rathbone, the latter made his 
escape with his treasure. They had mistaken 
the son for the father, who by submitting to 
this cruelty in the room of his father saved 
him from being robbed. 

That the lives of the early Rathbones who 
settled on Block Island were fraught with 



I 



i84 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



severe hardship and ahnost continuous danger 
may well be believed from all accounts. In 
his history of Rhode Island, Arnold makes 
this reference : "The local history of Block 
Island, truthfully written, would present an 
interesting study. The traditional history of 
the aborigines is full of the romance of war. 
Their authentic history in connection with the 
whites abounds in stirring incidents, the pe- 
cularities of the Englsh settlers and their pos- 
terity, their customs, laws and domestic in- 
stitutions are among the most singular and 
interesting developments of civihzed life, 
while the martial defense of a people, within 
and around whose island there has been more 
hard fighting than on any territory of equal 
extent in America, and where the horrors of 
savage and of civilized warfare have alter- 
nately prevailed, almost without cessation 
from the earliest traditionary period down to 
a recent date, would altogether furnish mater- 
ial for a thrilling history that might rival the 
pages of a romance. The dangers of the sea 
and the sterner perils of war united to pro- 
duce a race of men whose courage and hardi- 
hood cannot be surpassed.' It was out of such 
material that naval heroes were made." Of 
this character were the men and women also 
of the earlier generations of the Rathbone 
family. 

(I) John Rathbone, of Block Island, was 
born about 1634, died there between Febru- 
ary 12, 1702, the day on which he signed his 
will, and October 6, 1702, the date on which 
Simon Ray, warden, took oath that William 
Hancock, Jr., James Welch and Roger Dick- 
ens appeared before him to testify "that they 
were testimony to the signing and sealing." 
It is an interesting family document, and a 
portion of it is worth citing. "I give and be- 
queath to my son Samuel Rathbone the table 
and cubbard which stand now in his house as 
for are lomes (heirlooms?) to the house, and 
I leave my wife Margaret Rathbone my exec- 
utri.x of all my movable and household goods, 
houses and chatties, cattle, sheep and horse 
kind: and I leave (her?) the income of my 
house at Newport for her lifetime, and at her 
decease the westward (end?) of my house at 
Newport, and the leanto of that end so far as 
the post that the door hangs on, and the shop 
to be left for my son John Rathbone's son 
John, and his heirs forever: and the eastward 
end of said house and the rest of the leanto 
to be left for my son William Rathlione's son 
John and his heirs forever, and the yard to 
be equally for their use. And I leave to 
my wife for her life-time the twenty acres 
of land which I bought of Henry Hall, and 
the running of two cows and a horse and the 



end of the house which I now live in ; and 
I leave that my four sons shall pay to my 
wife during her life-time forty shillings a 
piece a year. * * * And I leave to my 
wife during her life-time my nigger man, 
and at her disposing, and at her decease 'to 
my son Thomas Rathbone for three 3'ears, and 
at the end of the three years, to give him 
as good clothes as his mistress leaves him, and 
then to set him free." It may be said in this 
connection that the family lands at Newport 
greatly increased in value, as did the estate 
situate in Block Island, and while he gave 
evidence of abolition tendencies by his pro- 
vision for his negro, he did not care to put 
his ideas into effect wliile he yet lived. 

John Rathbone married JMargaret Dodge. 
Children: i. William, married, December 18, 

1680, Sarah . 2. Thomas, married, 

April 21, 1685, Mary Dickens. 3. John, see 
forward. 4. Joseph, married. May 19. 1691, 
Mary Mosher. 5. Samuel, married, Novem- 
ber 3, 1692, Patience T. Coggeshall; died 
January 24, 1757. 6. Sarah, born June 10, 
1659; married (first) December 20, 1678, 
Samuel George: married (second) September 
I. 1 7 ID, John Ball. 7. Margaret. 8. Eliz- 
abeth. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) and Mar- 
garet (Dodge,) Rathbone, was born in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, in 1658. He was ad- 
mitted a freeman by the assembly of Rhode 
Island, May 5, 1696. He received from his 
father, just previous to his marriage, a deed 
for sixty acres of land on Block Island, the 
nominal consideration for which was "one 
barrel of pork on demand." It may be con- 
cluded that this farm was therefore a wedding 
present or settlement. It is known that the 
father, some years before his death, settled 
his sons on farms on the island where he 
lived, and entertained great hopes that his de- 
scendants would forever dwell there. Their 
grandchildren, however, scattered, leaving" 
Samuel Rathbone's descendants the only one 
of the name on that island. The original set- 
tler's grandson, Jonathan, son of John Rath- 
bone, Jr.. removed to Colchester, Connecticut, 
and is the ancestor of the Rathbones of Al- 
bany, New York, as well as those of Otsego 
county, New York. Joshua, another son of 
John, Jr., settled at Stonington. Connecticut, 
and is the ancestor of the Rathbones of New 
York City. Other sons of the same, John, 
Benjamin, Nathaniel and Thomas, settled in 
Exeter, Rhode Island. Elijah, son of Samuel, 
settled in Groton, Connecticut, and in this 
way the family spread to various sections of 
the country, while very few represented the 
old stock at the place of original settlement. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



On December 13. 1698, "Great James" and 
Jane, his wife, two Indians, bound their 
daughter, Betsey, to John Rathbone, Jr., and 
his wife, as an indented servant for eighteen 
years, the consideration being only one gallon 
of rum and one blanket in hand, and five years 
after one gallon of rum, and yearly thereafter, 
and if she remained five years, then the said 
Rathbone was to pay four blankets and one 
every third year thereafter. John Rathbone, 
married, January 10, 1688, Ann Dodge. Chil- 
dren : I. Mary, born October 3, 1688. 2. 
Jonathan, see forward . 3. John, born De- 
cember 23, 1693; married, December 20, 1720, 
Patience Fish. 4. Joshua, born February 9, 
1696; married, February 16, 1724, ]\lary 
Wightman. 5. Benjamin, born February 11, 
1701. 6. Annah, born August 9, 1703. 7. 
Nathaniel, born February 6, 1708. 8. Thom- 
as, born March 2, 1709. 

(Ill) Jonathan, son of John (2) and Ann 
(Dodge) Rathbone, was born May 22, 1691, 
died April i. 1766. Possessing the same sort 
of pioneering spirit which had so largely char- 
acterized many of his ancestors, while still a 
young man he set out for other parts, remov- 
ing previous to 17 15 to that part of Xew Lon- 
don county in Connecticut formerly known as 
Colchester, later the town of Salem. Here 
he purchased a tract of land from the Mohe- 
gan Indians, on which he settled, and a por- 
tion of this estate has continued uninterrupt- 
edly in the possession of his descendants of 
the same name for two centuries. He was 
a member of the Baptist church there in 1726. 

He married Elizabeth . Children : John, 

born January i, I7i5,died November 27,1755; 
married, March 30. 1737, Anna Tennant. 2. 
Benjamin, married, November 11, 1742, Mary 
Cohoon. 3. Jonathan, married, November 8, 
1744, Abigail Avery. 4. Joshua, see forward. 
5. Isaiah, born September 7, 1723; married. 
May 9, 1764, Fanny Lamphear. 6. Joseph. 7. 
Elizabeth. Probably others. 

(I\') Joshua, son of Jonathan and Eliza- 
beth Rathbone^ was born September 7, 1723, 
being twin brother of Isaiah. It is said that 
"he was a godly, truth-seeking man," and 
was always known as "Deacon Rathbone." 
He married, December 4, 1745, Sarah Ten- 
nant. Children: i. Elizabeth, born June 9, 
1747. 2. Tabitha, born August 4, 1749 ; mar- 
ried (first) Treadway; children: Sa- 
rah and Mary; married (second) 1806, 

Holmes ; child, Clarissa. 3. Joshua, 

born May 7, 1751 ; married Eunice Martin. 4. 
Sarah, born November 23, 1752 ; married 

Chamberlain ; removed to Richfield 

Springs, New York. 5. Moses, born Novem- 
ber 12, 1754; married Olive Ransom. 6. 



Samuel, see forward. 7. Anna, born Septem- 
ber 12, 1758; married Holmes. 

(V) Samuel, son of Joshua and Sarah 
(Tennant) Rathbone, was born September 12, 
1758, and was twin brother to Anna. He 
died at Colchester, Connecticut, February 16, 
183 1. His life had been spent on a farm of 
several hundred acres which had been be- 
queathed to him by his father. He married 
Lydia, daughter of Simon and Lydia 
(Brown) Sparhawk, March i, 1785. She died 
July 13, 1825, aged si.xty years. Children: 
I. Samuel, born August 8, 1786, died October 
9, 1787. 2. Valentine Wightman, born Sep- 
tember 13, 1788, died May 18, 1833; married,, 
in 1814, Nancy Forsyth. 3. Jared Lewis, Sa- 
lem, Connecticut, born October 2, 1791 ; a 
successful merchant of Albany, New York, 
who for several years was elected to the com- 
mon council and was thrice called to fill the 
position of mayor of the Capital City, being 
the last mayor chosen by the council, and 
the first elected by the vote of the people. 
He assumed that office first as the forty-first 
mayor, January 24. 1839, and the third time, 
on election by popular vote, on May 12, 1840, 
at which time only four thousand five hundred 
and eighty-eight votes were cast at that impor- 
tant municipal election ; he resided at No. 28 
Eagle street, corner of State street, Albany; 
married, June 26, 1834, Pauline Noyes, 
daughter of Joel Penney, of Buffalo, New 
York ; children : Charles, Henry R., Anna Pau- 
line and Jared Lawrence. 4. Lydia. born March 
21, 1794, died August 7, 1873: married, No- 
vember 17, 1819, William W. Reed. 5. Sam- 
uel, born November 6. 1796, died unmarried 
October 17, 1818. 6. Sabria Lewis, born July 
3' 1799; married, February 10, 1818, Clark 
Ransom. 7. Anna, Iwrn November 6, 1803; 
died November 12, 1865 ; married David Jew- 
ett, no children. 8. Joel, see forward. 

(VI) Joel, son of Samuel and Lydia 
(Sparhawk) Rathbone, was born in Salem, 
Connecticut, August 3, 1806, died in Paris, 
France, Sunday, September 13. 1863. He 
came to Albany, New York, to reside in the • 
fall of 1822, as a clerk to his brother, Val- 
entine \^'. Rathbone, who then kept a whole- 
sale grocery store on the corner of Hudson 
avenue and Quay street, then the busiest sec- 
tion of the city. Two years later he became 
associated with him in business. In 1827, as 
one of the firm of Hermans, Rathbone & 
Company, he commenced the wholesale stove 
business. By reason of certain modifications 
and improvements in the patterns of stoves 
made under his direction, he secured a very 
large and lucrative business, which became 
known all over the country, and doubtless was 



i86 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



the most important concern of the kind then 
in America, and destined to make the name 
■of Rathbone known for the century or more. 
Following the death of Mr. Hermans, in 1829, 
Mr. Rathbone succeeded to the entire busi- 
ness, which he continued in his own name 
until 1841, when at the early age of thirty- 
five years, with a well-earned fortune, he 
retired from active mercantile pursuits to the 
enjoyment of country life. He purchased a 
large estate bordering the southern end of 
Albany, which he laid out and made beautiful, 
and "Kenwood" became his residence for a 
number of years. Although he had retired 
from business cares so early, he was still con- 
nected with many of the public enterprises of 
Albany, being vice-president of the New York 
State Bank, the oldest institution in the city, 
president of the Exchange Company, doing 
"business where the Federal Building was lo- 
cated in 1910, and an active co-operator in 
and a generous contributor to most of the 
"benevolent enterprises of Albany. He was 
"known as a conscientious and consistent 
Christian, a gentleman of unusual taste and 
refinement. He married. May 5, 1829, when 
twenty-two years of age, Emeline Weld, 
daughter of Lewis and Louisa (Weld) Munn, 
and she died in Newport, Rhode Island, Au- 
•gust 25, 1874. Her father, Lewis Munn, was 
born December 14, 1784, died July 8, 1810. 
Her mother, Louisa Weld, was born April i, 
1791, died December 6. 1808. Children: i. 
Jared Lewis, born April 23, 1830, died Au- 
•gust 20, 1 83 1. 2. Erastus Corning, born Jan- 
uary I, 1832, died February 2, 1832. 3. Joel 
Howard, born June 11, 1835, died single, 
March 29, 1865. 4. Sarah, born December 
5, 1837; married, November 19, 1863, Gen- 
•eral Frederick Townsend, born in Albany, 
September 21, 1825; graduate of Union Col- 
lege, 1844; admitted to practice 1849; adju- 
tant-general of New York state, 1857-61 ; 
raised and commanded the Third Regiment, 
New York Volunteers, May, 1861 ; brevetted 
l)rigadier-general, and resigned from army, 
1868: appointed adjutant-general by Gover- 
nor Cornell in 1880, serving until January i, 
1883, and died at Albany. She died, Albany, 
March 13, 1910. Children: Annie Martin 
Townsend, born in Paris, November i, 1866; 
Sarah Rathbone Townsend, born March 23, 
1869, in Albany; Frederick Townsend, born 
October 28, 1871 ; Joel Rathbone Town- 
send, born October 13, 1879, died October 15, 
1879. 5. Albert, born May 27, 1841, died 
single, December 10, 1865. 6. Clarence, .see 
forward. 7. Edward Weld, born October 20, 
^1848, died July 30, 1849. 

(VH) Clarence, son of Joel and Emeline 



Weld (Munn) Rathbone, was born on his 
father's handsome estate, "Kenwood," on the 
southern outskirts of Albany, New York, No- 
vember 17, 1844. He received his education 
at Farmington, Connecticut, and at Charlier's 
French Institute in New York City. He 
entered the Naval Academy, then located at 
Newport, Rhode Island, in September, 1861, 
and was graduated the fifth in his class of 
1863, having successfully undertaken the 
three-year course in the space of two years. 
He received his commission as an ensign in 
the United States Navy, and was ordered to 
the "Niagara" in the fall of 1863, and was 
then on duty at Newport. In June, 1864, he 
was ordered to New Orleans, where he was 
given duty in the squadron of Admiral Farra- 
gut. He served during the latter part of the 
war of the rebellion, taking part in the cele- 
brated battle of Mobile Bay, where he was 
wounded slightly. Subsequently he served 
on blockade duty oflf Galveston, Texas. At 
the termination of the civil war, he returned 
to New York. June, 1865, and shortly there- 
after resigned his commission on account of 
his being left the only son of his widowed 
mother upon the death of his brothers, Joel 
Howard and Albert, which had occurred in 
1865. For several years following this per- 
iod of his life, he was the head of a large 
manufactory of stoves but while still in the 
prime of life retired from active business 
concerns. He is a trustee of the Albany Sav- 
ings Bank, and trustee of Albany Medical 
College, and the Dudley Observatory. When 
first married he resided at No. 5 Elk street, 
his handsome residence fronting on the Acad- 
emy Park, and later removed to his present 
spacious home nearer the city outskirts. No. 
576 Western avenue. He is an Episcopalian, 
and in politics a Democrat. He is a past mas- 
ter of Masters Lodge. No. 5, P'ree and .Ac- 
cepted Masons. Mr. Rathbone is a member 
of the following clubs : Army and Navy and 
Manhattan of New York, the Loyal Legion 
of America and Graduates Association of the 
United States Naval Academy. 

Clarence Rathbone married, at Albany, 
New York, September 11, 1866, Angelica 
Bogart Talcott, born at Albany, February 24, 
1846. Her father was Sebastian \'isscher 
Talcott, son of George and Angelica (Bo- 
gart) Talcott. He was born in New York 
City, November 24, 1812, and died at his res- 
idence. No. 748 Broadway, Albany, Novem- 
ber 10, 1888. He attended Yale, and became 
a civil engineer, doing considerable excellent 
work in the survey of the boundary line be- 
tween the United States and Canada, and 
also in the improvement of navigation in the 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



187 



] kulson river near Albany, which work has 
endured as a specimen of the best construc- 
tion of its nature along the length of the en- 
tire river. He was appointed quarter-master 
by Governor Horatio Seymour, in 1862, with 
the rank of brigadier-general. Mr. Talcott 
has left an enduring memorial of himself in 
several volumes of genealogies which he pre- 
pared with indefatigable labor, notably his 
"Genealogical Notes of New York and New 
England Families," published by him in 
1883. Her mother was Olivia Maria (Shear- 
man) Talcott, who married S. V. Talcott, 
November 23, 1843. She was born in Utica, 
New York, October 14, 1823, and died in Al- 
bany. January 29, 1888. She was the only 
child of Robert Shearman, son of Robert and 
Honor (Brown) Shearman, who was born at 
South Kingston, Rhode Island, September 
10, 1790, died at Westmoreland, New York, 
September 6, 1838 ; and Anna Maria Sher- 
man, daughter of Watts and Olivia (Gillson) 
Sherman, who was born September 17, 1800, 
died at St. .Augustine, Florida, March 9, 
1825. Children: i. Albert, see forward. 2. 
Joel, see forward. 3. Angelica Talcott, see 
forward. 4. Ethel, see forward. 

(Vni) Albert, son of Clarence and Angel- 
ica Bogart (Talcott) Rathbone, was born at 
Albany, July 27, 1868, and in 1910 was a resi- 
dent of New York City. He received his 
early education by attending the Albany Acad- 
emy for about ten years, and then entered 
Williams College, where he was a member 
of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. He com- 
menced the study of law, graduating from 
the Albany Law School. After practicing a 
few years in his native city, in the firm of 
Tracy, Cooper & Rathbone, he removed to 
New York, where he is a member of the 
prominent firm of Joline Larkin & Rathbone. 
He married, at Albany, April 14, 1891, Emma 
Marvin, daughter of Thomas Worth and Em- 
ma (McClure) Olcott. Children: 1. Grace 
Olcott, born in New York City, December 
9, 1894. 2. Anna Talcott, born August 14, 
1897. 

(Vni) Joel, son of Clarence and Angelica 
Bogart (Talcott) Rathbone, was born in 
Newport, Rhode Island, the summer home 
of his parents, September 12, 1869. He was 
educated at the .Albany Academy. He entered 
the employ' of the National Commercial Bank 
of .Albany, and afterwards was the treasurer 
of the Albany Railway Company. In 1895 
he left for New York City, where he is first 
vice-president of National Security Company. 
He married, in New York City, October 4, 
1894, Josephine, daughter of Carlisle and 
Ethel Josephine (Hanbury) Norwood. Child: 



Carlisle Norwood, born in Saratoga Springs, 
July 26, 1895. 

(VIII) Angelica Talcott, daughter of Clar- 
ence and Angelica Bogart (Talcott) Rath- 
bone, was born in .Albany, New York, March 

13, 187 1. She received her education at St. 
Agnes' school in her native city. She mar- 
ried, in New York city, December 25, 1899, 
Dr. Charles Russell Lowell Putnam, of Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, who is now practicing 
medicine in New York City. Child : Patrick 
Traccy Lowell Putnam, born in New York 
City, September 15, 1904. 

(VIII) Ethel, daughter of Clarence and 
.Angelica Bogart (Talcott) Rathbone, was 
born in Albany, New York, December 11, 
1877. She married, in Paris, France. March 

14, 1907, Jean Marty, son of Jean Marty, of 
Carcassonne, France, and his wife, Marie 
Claudine (Chaumien,) Marty, of Alligny en 
Moreau, France. 



The family name of Griffith 
GRIFFITH is derived from the Welsh 
and Cornish British, and sig- 
nifies one who has strong faith ; from "cryf," 
Welsh for strong, and "ffyd," meaning faith. 
The Griffith .Arms : Shield : Gules, three 
lioncels passant in pale argent armed gules. 
Motto: Virtus omnia nobilitat. 

(I) William Griffith came to .America 
from Cardigan, Wales, in 173 1, and was one 
of the earliest settlers of Oneida county. New 
A'ork. The line of his descent leads to Lle- 
wellyn, last King of Wales, beheaded by the 
English in 1282, and to Griffith, his son, also 
King of Wales. His participation in the rev- 
olution as a soldier is established. His wife, 
Ruth Griffith, born in England, accompanied 
him to .America. 

(II) Major Joshua, son of William and 
Ruth Griffith, was born February 8, 1763, 
died April 10, 1830. He lived at Nassau, 
Rensselaer county. New York. He was a par- 
ticipant in many of the actions in the war of 
1812. His militia commission as a captain 
in Lieutenant-Colonel Nicholas Staat's regi- 
ment, dated March 30, 1803, also his commis- 
sion, dated April 10, 181 1, as a major in Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Cornelius J. Schermerhorn's 
regiment, Rensselaer county militia, can be 
seen in tlie office of the secretary of state 
at the capitol, Albany, in "Minutes of Coun- 
cil of Appointment (Militia)," Book E, pp. 
107 and 444: also, in "History of Rensselaer 
County, N. Y.," page 71, under heading "43rd 
Regt., Field and Staff." Just as the war of 
1812 opened, he was visiting his father in 
Central New York, and was mustered into 
Colonel Mead's Seventeenth New York state 



i88 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



detached militia regiment, Captain Daniel 
Root's company, as a private, and performed 
active service in that capacity. After the war 
he returned to Nassau, where he died, his 
wife, Ruth (Paine) Griffith, surviving him. 
She was a daughter of Smith Paine, and sixth 
in descent from Stephen Paine, of Rehoboth, 
jNIassachusetts, who was one of the principal 
subscribers to King Philip's war, and a de- 
scendant of Hugh de Payen. Their son was 
given the name of her father, becoming Smith 
Griffith. 

(HI) Smith, son of Major Joshua and 
Ruth (Paine) Griffith, was born at Nassau, 
Rensselaer county. New York, April 20. 1793, 
died of old age and general decline, February 
22, 1878. He occupied nearly all the official 
positions in the gift of the town, was an 
elder in the Presbyterian church of his native 
town, and gained renown as a prominent 
Abolitionist in civil war times. During the 
anti-slavery agitation he helped to carry on 
the famous "Underground Railroad," as the 
secret method for liberating the slaves was 
styled, and by his instrumentality many of the 
colored race escaped to Canada. In a number 
of ways he helped to improve Nassau, and 
worked actively to increase its prosperity. 
Smith Griffith married (first) Lemira Her- 
rick, born April 30, 1793, died November 15, 
1859, daughter of John and Nancy (Piatt) 
Herrick, and she was second in lineal descent 
from Colonel Rufus Herrick, of the New 
York continental line in revolutionary war ; 
seventh in lineal descent from Sir William 
Herrick, of London, Leicester and Beau Man- 
or Park (one of the most distinguished cour- 
tiers at the Court of Elizabeth) ; and eigh- 
teenth in lineal descent from Eric, King of 
Denmark. She made use of the arms granted 
to Sir William Herrick by Queen Elizabeth, 
and which are registered in the Herald's Col- 
lege, viz. : "Argent ; a fesse vaire or and gules. 
Crest : A bull's head, couped argent, horned 
erased sable and gorged with a chaplet of 
roses proper. Motto: Yirtus omnia nobili- 
tat." Her mother's father was Captain Israel 
Piatt, of the New York line in the revolu- 
tion, who was a grandson of Major Epenetus 
Piatt, of colonial times. She was also fifth 
in lineal descent from Captain John Stanton 
of the colonies, and sixth from Thomas Stan- 
ton, interpreter-general to the colonics and 
assistant to Governor Winthrop ; sixth in de- 
scent also from Captain John, and the seventh 
from Captain George Denison, a noted leader 
in King Philip's war, and seventh also in de- 
scent from Captain James Avery of the same 
w-ar. By this marriage Smith Griffith had 
two children, Edwin Henry and Mary. Some 



years after the death of his wife, he married5l 
the widow of Chester Griswold, of Troy,. 
New York ; no children by that marriage. 

(I\') Edwin Henry, son of Smith and Le- 
mira (Herrick) Griffith, was born at Nassau,. 
Rensselaer county. New York, December i,. 
1830, died at Albany, New York, May 16,- 
1875. He received his early education and 
was prepared for college at the Nassau Acad- 
emy, following which course he entered Ober- 
lin College, Ohio, and shortly left it for Yale, 
where he was acknowledged to be one of the 
brightest men in his class, and was affiliated 
there with the Kappa Sigma Theta fraternity. 
Hardly had he left college when he married, 
and immediately embarked in the milling bus- 
iness at Nassau. By close application and 
judicious management, he soon built up a 
prosperous business, principally in the sale of 
rye flour and feed, which he shipped to large 
firms in New York city and other places. He 
sold his mills in 1864, and removed to Castle- 
ton, New York, where he established the 
banking business of the place, founding the 
National Bank of Castleton, with which he 
was officially connected as cashier until the 
failure of his health in 1874. While there 
he was prominently identified with the busi- 
ness and religious interests of the place, and 
was actively concerned in all public improve- 
ments. He was an officer of the Dutch Re- 
formed church, and the superintendent of the 
Sunday school. About two years before he 
left Castleton, a severe attack of pleurisy left 
him with a cough which later developed into 
consumption, and desiring to test the climate 
of California and Colorado, he resigned from 
his office at the bank and started for the west 
in October. 1874, stopping for the winter in 
Denver. The result was not a change for 
the better, for his health failed rapidly, and 
after the death of his only daughter. Grace, it 
was decided that he could not stand the clim- 
ate and he returned to Albany with his family 
in the spring of 1875, where he died May 
i6th. He was universally esteemed, and dur- 
ing his successful career made and kept a 
great number of friends, who regarded him 
highly because of his sterling integritv and 
Christian character, which never allowed him 
to waver in his duty. Edwin H. Griffith 
married, at Nassau, New York, Septeml)cr 
29, 1852, Mary Louisa, daughter of George 
Washington and Sybil .Anne (Rowe) Knowl- 
ton, born in Greenbush, New York, March 
26, 1833. Children: i. Edwin Henry, born 
January 23, 1855, died at Nassau, New York, 
July 24, 1864. 2. George Smith, October 26, 
1857, died at Albany, New York, October 8, 
1876. 3. William Herrick, January 27, 1866, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



•see forward. 4. Grace, April 25, 1870, died 
:at Denver, Colorado, February 6, 1875. 

(\') William Herrick, son of Edwin Hen- 
ry and ;\Iary Louisa (Knowlton) Griffith, 
was born at Castleton, Rensselaer county, 
"New York, January 27, 1866, named for Sir 
William Herrick, of London, Leicester and 
Beau IManor Park, from whom he is ninth in 
lineal descent. On his father's side he is 
linealh- descended from the New England and 
Colonial families of Herrick, Paine, Smith, 
Perrin, Trask, Leonard, Avery, Denison, 
Stanton, Starkweather, Lord, Thompson, 
Peck, Chickering. Cross, Lay, and the Platts 
and Scudders of Long Island. Of these the 
Paines, Perrins, Herricks, Averys, Denisons, 
Stantons, Lords, Pecks and Platts were enti- 
tled to and made use of coats-of-arms. Mr. 
Griffith received his primary education at 
"Jane Coley's Private School for Boys" at Al- 
bany. He was partly prepared for college at 
the Albany Academy and advanced by the pri- 
vate tuition of Rev. Charles H. W. Stocking, 
D.D. He entered Yale in 1886, but ill health 
prevented completion of the course, and he 
then traveled with Dr. Stocking through Eng- 
land, Scotland, Germany, Holland, Belgium, 
Austria, France, Italy and Switzerland, mak- 
ing his sojourn in these countries an educa- 
tional one, to a great extent, and studying 
the archaeology, life and customs of the va- 
rious places, which brought about his contri- 
butions to various American periodicals while 
he was abroad. 

On returning from Europe, Mr. Griffith ac- 
cepted a position in the First National Bank, 
of Albany, and after some years resigned to 
embark for himself in the insurance business, 
his offices in igio being in the Tweddle Build- 
ing, Albany, New York, and his residence 
No. 445 State street. He was probably the 
first to attempt organizing the members of 
his family on the maternal side into the 
Knowlton Association of America. This was 
due to the fondness he had always had for all 
matters appertaining to genealogy, history 
and patriotic hereditary orders, and it was 
natural that he was chosen its secretary and 
treasurer. He possesses many heirlooms and 
relics, chief among which he prizes the mus- 
ket carried by his great-great-grandfather. 
Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton, while a private 
and sergeant in the old French war ; some 
revolutionary scrip with which he was paid 
off, and a few of his old books. Credit is 
due to him for his activity in the interest of 
Philip Livingston Chapter, Sons of the Rev- 
■olution, of which he was treasurer in 1896, 
secretary in 1897-98, vice-regent in 1899 and 
regent in 1900-01. 



Mr. Griffith can count twenty-five ances- 
tors vi'ho performed illustrious military and 
civil services in the colonies previous to 1775 ; 
six ancestors who were officers in the con- 
tinental army during the revolution, and two 
who rendered service in the war of 1812. This 
unusually favorable condition renders him 
eligible to nearly all of the patriotic hereditary 
orders, and he has joined nearly every one. 
He holds membership in the "Sons of the 
Revolution" in right of services of and lineal 
descent from: Colonel Rufus Herrick, Ma- 
jor Robert Freeman, Captain Israel Piatt, 
Lieutenant Daniel Knowlton, William and 
Joshua Griffith, Ensign W'illiam Peters, Pri- 
vates Nicholas and Garrett Ro\y. In the So- 
ciety of "Colonial Wars" he represents : Gov- 
ernor Robert Treat, Hon. Richard Treat, 
Stephen Hopkins of the "Mayflower" ; eight 
in King Philip's war. General Constant South- 
worth, Captain George Denison, Captain John 
Denison, Major Epenetus Piatt, Captain 
James Avery, Capttain John Stanton, Captain 
Edward Bangs, Deacon John Doane, Sergeant 
Daniel Knowlton, Stephen Paine, Thomas 
Stanton, Nicholas Snow, Samuel Mayo, Wil- 
liam Lumpkin, William Collier, Joseph Ford, 
Bozoan Allen, John Pinder, Samuel Leonard 
and Stephen Herrick. In the "Society of 
Mayflower Descendants" he represents : 
Stephen Hopkins. In the "Order of Found- 
ers and Patriots" he represents: John 
Knowlton (1639) and Lieutenant Daniel 
Knowlton (1738-1825). In the "Society of 
W^ar of 1812," he represents: i\Iajor Joshua 
Griffith. In the "Order of the Old Guard 
of Illinois" he represents Colonel Rufus Her- 
rick. Captain George Denison and ]\Iajor Jos- 
hua Griffith. He was chosen registrar-gener- 
al and genealogist of the "Ancient Heraldic 
and Chivalric Order of Albion," founded by 
Sir Edmund Plowden in 1640, and holds 
membership in the New England Historical 
Genealogical Society, Baronial Order of Run- 
nymede. Order of Colonial Governors, the 
New York State Historical Association, Old 
Northwest Genealogical Society, and is a 
thirty-second degree Mason, being a member 
of Masters Lodge, No. 5, Free and .Accepted 
Masons, and of Albany Sovereign Consistorv, 
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite. While 
residing from 1892 until 1907 at 989 Madison 
Avenue, was a vestryman of St. Andrew's 
Episcopal Church, Pine Hills, and was also 
lay reader of the parish. He is now a mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Cathedral of AH Saints 
at .-Mbany. In politics he is a Republican. 

William H. Griffith married, in St. Paul's 
Church, Albany, February 3, 1892, by Rev. J. 
S. B. Hodges, S.T.D., of Baltimore, and Rev. 



I90 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



C. H. W. Stocking. D.D.. of Orange, New 
Jersey, Grace Elizabeth Chite. daughter of 
Hon. Matthew Henry and Ehzaljeth (Clute) 
Robertson, who were married at St. George's 
Church, Schenectady, June 2, 1863. Child, 
Margaret Frances, born at Albany, New 
York, December 27, 1892. 

Grace Elizabeth Clute (Robertson) Grif- 
fith was born in Albany, New York, and was 
baptized in St. George's Episcopal Church of 
Schenectady. She was educated at St. Ag- 
nes' School, Albany, graduating in 1883, as 
Latin salutatorian of her class. She was elec- 
ted regent of Gansevoort Chapter, Daughters 
of the American Revolution, and president of 
the Society of Graduates of St. Agnes' 
School. She has been a member of the Na- 
tional Mary Washington Colonial Association 
since her mother's death. 

Afatthew Henry Robertson, father of Mrs. 
William H. Grifhth. was born at Malmesbury, 
Wiltshire, England, died at Albany, Decem- 
ber 19, 1903. He studied law at the place 
of his birth, and in 1858 came to Albany, 
where he continued his studies in the office 
of Hon. William Barnes, continuing thus un- 
til January, i860, when the New York State 
Insurance Department being organized, and 
Mr. I'.arnes receiving the appointment of its 
first superintendent, on May i, i860, Mr. 
Robertson became a regular clerk in the de- 
partment ; in 1870 became the chief clerk, 
continuing as such until in June, 1892, Super- 
intendent James F. Pierce appointed him the 
second deputy, which position he held until 
his death. He was a vestryman of St. Paul's 
Church for fourteen years. He was the son 
of James Robertson, born at Malmesbury, 
England, August 12, 1802, died March 16, 
1876, at Chicago, Illinois, and his wife, Eliza- 
beth \\'orcester, born October 25. 1804, at Co- 
ventry, England, died at Malmesbury. Eng- 
land, March 15, 1841, whom he married April 
6, 1826. Elizabeth Worcester was the daugh- 
ter of Charles Worcester, born at Coventry, 
England, November i, 1773, who married, 
June 5, 1802, Elizabeth Ncwcomb, born No- 
vember 25, 1782, at Coventry, England; son 
of Joseph Worcester, born December 7. 1739; 
married, January 3, 1764, Susannah Holmes. 
born 1742; son of John Worcester, died April 
14, 1763: married. May 28, 1738, ]\Iary 
Smith, died May 12. 1763: son of Joseph 
Worcester. Matthew H. Robertson's grand- 
father was Matthew Robertson, of Monditts 
Park. Malmesbury, England, born in 1756, 
died August 21, 1825: married Ann Beams, 
born at Chippenham. England, in 1765, died 
at Malmesbury. in 1839. He was of Scottish 
descent, from Alexander Robertson, of Stro- 



wan, distinguished as a poet and partisan of 
the Stewarts in the uprisings of 1690, 1715 
and 1745. This was one of the oldest and 
most distinguished families of Scotland, being 
the sole remaining branch of the Royal House 
which occupied the throne of Scotland during 
the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth centuries. 
Elizabeth (Clute) Robertson, mother of 
Airs. William H. Griffith, was born at Sche- 
nectady, New York. She resided for many 
years at her home. No. 445 State street, Al- 
bany, New York, and died there August i, 
1906. She was a member of Mohawk Oiap- 
ter. Daughters of the American Revolution, 
and of National Alary Washington Colonial' 
Association. She traces her descent from 
Frederick Clute, who came to this country 
from Neurenbergh as a trader, and after liv- 
ing a time at Kingston, New York, in 1703, 
bought land of Johannes Clute at Niskayuna, 
New York. He married Francyntje Du Alont 
fDumond) and they had son, Jacob, born at 
Kingston, November 6, 1698, who married, 
November 16, 1727, at Albany, Alaria Brouw- 
er, baptized Alay i. 1709, at Brooklyn, 
through her heirs to the Anneke Jans estate 
and descent from William I. of Holland. Ja- 
cob Clute and Alaria Brouwer had a son, 
Pieter Clute, born at .-Xlbany, died at Sche- 
nectady, 1780; married Catherine Alarselis, 
born February 15, 1736, died at Niskayuna, 
aged eighty-one years. They had a son, Pe- 
ter Clute, born at Schenectady, April 28, 1765, 
died there July 7, 1833 ; married, Alarch 5, 
1786. Angelica Van Slyke, born, Schenec- 
tady, September 2, 1764. died there Alay 24, 
1848, being the daughter of Cornelius \'an 
Slyke, born, Schenectady, December i, 1736, 
who was first lieutenant in Colonel Goose 
\'an Schaick's regiment. New York State 
Continental line in the revolution, and Cath- 
erine Veeder, born, Schenectady, April 22, 
1744. Peter Clute and Angelica \'an Slyke 
had a son, Cornelius Peter Clute, born at 
Schenectady, November 14, 1788, died there, 
August 30, 1870; married, Schenectady, April 
16, 182S. Angelica Truax, lx)rn February 13, 
1796, at Schenectady, died there October 4, 
1878, being the daughter of Isaac Truax, born 
at Schenectady, July 19, 1755, died there De- 
cember 22, 1854: married, January i, 1794, 
Elizabeth Clute, born, Albany, August 21, 
1757 died Schenectady, August 4. 1847. Cor- 
nelius P. Clute and .Angelica Truax had a 
daughter, Elizabeth Clute, who married Hon. 
Alatthew Henry Robertson. 

(The Knowlton Line). 
The family name of Knowlton is derived 
from the Cornish- British word, "knowl," a 



i 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



191 



promontory, hill or eminence, with the suffix 
"ton," or the old Saxon "tun," for town, and 
signifies people "from tlie hill town." The 
place where the Knowltons lived was long 
known as Knowhill. In the Domesday Book 
the name is Chenoltone, and in subsequent 
books it may be found indifferently spelled 
Cnolton, Knolton, KnoUton, Knowlton, 
Knoulton, Knowton, Knowlden, Nowton, 
Noulton and Nolton. 

Going- hack to the Middle Ages, one learns 
of the tradition of two brothers enlisting in 
the service of William the Conqueror, and 
fighting so bravely during his invasion of 
Wales, that they readily won their spurs. 
Having observed that they resided, the one on 
a hill and the other on a knoll, or lesser hill, 
the king, on investing them with the honors 
and insignia of knighthood, dubbed them Hill- 
ton and Knoll-ton. Whatever of truth may 
attach to this tradition, it is certain that the 
name is an ancient one, born out of its own 
native soil. The Knowlton Arms — certified 
by H. Farnham Burke, Somerset Herald. 
Shield : Argent, a chevron between three 
crowns or ducal coronets sable. Crest : A 
demi-lion rampant. Motto : \^i et virtute. 

Regarding where they lived, in the Domes- 
day Book, that curious and quaint record of 
estates and surveys which the Conquerer or- 
dered in 1083. that he might know the extent 
of his realm and provide for the royal rev- 
enues, there was a Knowlton Hundred, 
which was originally but a mere hamlet in 
Dorsetshire, which became by royal appoint- 
ment a Fair Town and a rural center of con- 
siderable importance. The original hamlet 
and manor have long since passed away ; but 
the name survives. Knowlton Parish and 
Knowlton Hall still designate a manor and 
baronial residence in Kent county, six miles 
from the archiepiscopal city of Canterbury. 

Thomas Knowlton, the antiquarian, was 
fond of telling of the distinction enjoved bv 
one of his ancestors, a retainer of the Earl 
of \\'arwick, who always appeared in court 
dress, with a silver and jewelled sword at 
his belt, and other insignias of rank, and who 
stood high with the king. He had charge 
of one of the Earl's castles in Kent, and was 
a descendant of the Knowltons mentioned. 

(I) Captain William Knowlton, the proge- 
nitor of the family in America, sailed from 
the port of London for Nova Scotia in 1632- 
34, as is usually believed, although this date 
is only approximate. It is probable that his 
sons, John, William, Deacon Thomas, and 
perhaps Samuel, accompanied him on the voy- 
age, for one of the latter name was found in 
Hingham soon after the others appeared in 



Ipswich, and he died in 1655, leaving a will, 
probated September, 1655, in which he names 
"brother John" as executor. Captain Knowl- 
ton died on the westward voyage, and his 
widow and children proceeded to Nova 
Scotia, where they remained only a short 
time. They are next heard of as being in Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts, where his son John be- 
came a resident in 1639, William and Thom- 
as following him there in 1642. The old 
town had been organized only the previous 
year, when John arrived. Captain Knowlton 
was at least a part owner of the vessel in 
which he sailed for America, and his death 
doubtless occurred not far from Nova Scotia,, 
for a land surveyor, Alphonso Wells, em- 
ployed by the Canadian government to sur- 
vey land in Shelburne in 1839, found an an- 
cient headstone there bearing the name of 
William Knowlton, 1632. It is tradition that 
the vessel was sold there, near Annapolis the 
first settlement, and with the proceeds his wid- 
ow and children went to Hingham the fol- 
lowing year, where it is believed that she re- 
married. 

Patriotic devotion to their new country was- 
a marked feature of these early settlers, and 
the Knowltons were no exception. Four of 
the name, John, Benjamin, Abraham and 
William, served in King Philip's war : several 
of them participated in the siege and capture 
of Louisburg: the rosters of the revolutionary 
troops frequently bear the Knowlton name, 
and in the subsequent wars of 1812 and of 
the revolution the same stock was notably at 
the front. Old Ipswich gave an extraordinary 
proof of this devotion to country on June 9, 
1788, wlien all the commoners, including 
many Knowltons, surrendered all their lands 
to pay the town debts incurred during the war 
of independence. Family history gives the 
name of Ann Elizabeth Smith as the wife 
who came to this country with Captain Wil- 
liam Knowlton. and on June 9, 1668, the rec- 
ords show that one Ann, widow of William 
Knollton, petitioned for an appraisal of land 
in Hingham. Qiildren : John, born 1610. see 
forward; William, born 1815, married Eliza- 
beth ; Deacon Thomas, born 1622, 

married (first) Susannah ; (second) 

Mary Kimball : Samuel. 

(II) John, son of Captain William and 
Anne Elizabeth (Smith) Knowlton, was born 
in 1610, in England. He was a shoemaker, 
and resided in Ipswich, Massachusetts. He 
became a citizen there in 1639, and a free- 
man June 9. 1641. On December 19, 1648, he 
subscribed to a fund for the pay of Major 
Denison, to whom he had entrusted the de- 
fence of the township against the assaults of 



I 



192 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Indians and other enemies. From the records 
of sales and transfers of property in Ipswich, 
it would appear that he accumulated a con- 
siderable property. He died October 8, 
1654-55. John Knowlton married Marjery 
Wilson, born m England, survived him but a 
few months. Children : John, born 1633, see 
forward : Abraham, born 1635, died unmar- 
ried ; Elizabeth, born 1639. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) and Mar- 
jery (Wilson) Knowlton, was born in 1633. 
He was, as his father, a shoemaker. He 
took the freeman's oath October 16, 1680, and 
was drafted into the Narragansett Expedition 
November 30, 1670. He had the misfortune 
■of failing eyesight when only forty-two years 
•old, as shown by a letter written April 5, 

1675, and this forced him into a precarious 
condition as he had to abandon his trade, par- 
ticularly because he would require someone 
to protect him, and this burden troubled him. 
His name, however, appears connected with a 
number of real estate transactions, so he was 
•evidently a man of substance. He removed 
to Wrentham, before 1679, and died October, 
1684. John Knowlton married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of John and Sarah Whipple, her father 
being "feoffee of the Grammar School" in 
Ipswich, a deputy to the general court in 1640, 
deacon and ruling elder ; she died February 
4, 1678. Children: Joseph, born 1652, mar- 
ried Mary Wilson, August 14, 1677 ; Samuel, 
"born 1653, married Mary Witt, August 16, 
1669 : Daniel, born 1655, married and resided 
at Holliston, Massachusetts ; John, born 1656, 

married Sarah ; Nathaniel, born July 

24, 1658, see forward ; Elizabeth, born 
Alarch i, 1659, married Timothy Dorman, 
November 30, 1688, and died September 22, 
1788; Thomas, born May 19. 1662, married 
Hannah Carter, 1683; William, born 1664, 

married Lydia , March 16, 1688, and 

settled in Wenham ; Jonathan, born 1665, 
married Elizabeth , and settled in Mai- 
den, Massachusetts ; Susannah, born August 

15. 1673- 

(IV) Nathaniel, son of John (2) and Sa- 
rah (WTiipple) Knowlton, was born July 24, 
1658, died September 18, 1726. He was a 

man of consequence in Ipswich, and was re- 
corded a commoner February 18, 1678. He 
was made a deacon of the First Congrega- 
tional Church in 1697; for many years was 
treasurer of the church, and was a deputy to 
the general court in 1700-02-03-05-09-14-20. 
Nathaniel Knowlton married. May 3, 1682, 
Deborah Jewett, from Rowley, Massachusetts, 
daughter of Benjamin Jewett. who conveyed 
land to his son-in-law, December 26, 1684, 
and she died in 1743. Children : Nathaniel, 



born May 3, 1683, see forward ; John, born 
December 7, 1685, married Susannah Hut- 
ton; Joseph, born April, 1687, died young; 
Thomas, born November 8, 1692; Abraham, 
born February 27, 1698, married ]\Iary Smith 
Knowlton, September 20, 1722 ; Elizabeth, 
born September 15, 1702; David, born Alay 
15, 1707, married Esther Howard, February 

25, 1731- 

(Y) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
and Deborah (Jewett) Knowlton, was born 
May 3, 1683. He married Mary Bennett, 
publication of which was made February 13, 
1703. Children: Mary, born June 3, 1704; 
William, born February 8, 1706, see forward; 
Nathaniel, born June 30, 1708, married 
Mary Fuller; Jeremiah, born July 13, 1712, 
died young; Jeremiah, born August 2, 1713, 
married Sarah Allen, July 24, 1735, and re- 
sided at Concord, New Hampshire ; Alartha, 
married Dr. Flint. 

(\T) William, son of Nathaniel (2) and 
Mary (Bennett) Knowlton, was born at Ips- 
wich, Massachusetts, February 8, 1706, died 
in Ashford, Connecticut, March 13, 1753. He 
was a "housewright." He moved to West 
Boxford, where he married ]\Iartha Finder, 
a granddaughter of John Pynder, an English 
soldier who subscribed to advance the cause 
in King Philip's war. The publication of 
their marriage was on February 13, 1728. I 
After marriage, he removed to Ashford, Con- I 
necticut, 1748, where he purchased a farm 
which he divided among his sons. Children : 
Lucy, died young ; Lucy, born February 
20, 1736, married Deacon Abijah Brooks, of 
Ashford, Connecticut ; William, born Decem- 
ber 23, 1738, married Mehitable Eaton, of 
Ashford; Daniel, born December 21,, 1738, see 
forward; Thomas, born November 30, 1740, 
married Anna Keyes, April 5, 1759; Na- 
thaniel, born May 9, 1746, died young; Mary, 
born I\Iay 9, 1746, married Ezekiah Tiffany, 
of Ashford ; Sarah, married Joshua Kendall, 
of Ashford ; Priscilla, died unmarried. 

(VII) Lieutenant Daniel, son of William 
and Martha (Pinder) Knowlton, was born 
December 23, 1738, and was baptized in the 
West Parish of Boxford, Massachusetts, De- 
cember 31, 1738. He was but two years old 
when his father removed to Ashford, Con- 
necticut. When only nineteen years of agr. 
he enlisted in the colonial regiments for ser- 
vice in the French and Indian war, together 
with his brother. Thomas. From the start he 
distinguished himself for bravery and daring, 
particularly as a scout. On one occasion, 
while in Captain John Slapp's company, in 
Lord Loudon's expedition to Fort Edward, 
between IMarch 15 and October 17, 1757, he 



HUDSON AND JMOHAWK WKLLEYS 



193 



saved the life of his companion, Israel Put- 
nam, who was about to fall at the hand of 
an Indian swaying a tomahawk above him. 
In June, 1758, he served in Colonel Elea- 
zer Fitch's third Connecticut regiment at 
Crown Point. About this time he captured 
three bloodthirsty desperadoes. From May 7 
to December 30. 1761, he served as sergeant 
in Captain Robert Durkee's company, and 
from March 17, to December 4, 1762, in Cap- 
tain Hugh Ledlie's company, engaged in the 
Crown Point Expedition. He married, No- 
vember 3, 1763, Elizabeth, daughter of Ma- 
nassah Farnham, of Windham, and Keziah 
(Ford) Farnham. She was born at Wind- 
ham, March 10, 1742. Qiildren : i. Daniel, 
"born December 17, 1765 ; married, April 4, 
1793, Betsy Burchard ; died February, 1834. 
2. Elizabeth, born March 24, 1768; married 
Frederick ChafYee, of Ashford. 3. Nathaniel, 
born December 24, 1770; married Sarah 
Leach, November 25, 1798. 4. Manassah, 
born December 24, 1770, see forward. 5. Eph- 
raim, born October 3, 1773; married Jemima 
Farnham, of .\shford. 6. Martha, born Feb- 
ruary 24, 1777: married Charles W. Bran- 
don, of Ashford. 7. Keziah, born February 
•9, 1781 : married, January 3, 1805. Amasa 
Lyon. 8. Hannah, born April 19, 1783 ; mar- 
ried Daniel Knowlton. 

(\'III) Alanassah, son of Lieutenant Dan- 
iel and Elizabeth (Farnham) Knowlton, was 
born at .\shford, Connecticut, December 24, 
1770, died at Greenbush. New York, January 
21, 1841. He was a thrifty, industrious, solid, 
benevolent man, whose advice to young and 
old brought to him in the later years of his 
life the honored name of "Father Knowlton." 
It is related that he so closely resembled his 
twin brother, Nathaniel, that his mother had 
to e.xcite the boys to laughter in order to dis- 
tinguish them apart, \\nien twenty-one years 
old he settled in Greenbush, New York, 
across the Hudson river from Albany. He 
made considerable money as a farrier during 
the war of 1812, when innumerable cavalry 
•officers were wont to draw up before his place 
•on the old Rensselaer and Columbia turnpike. 
In 1798 he purchased a farm of one hundred 
.and sixty-two acres of what was formerly the 
Van Rensselaer Manor grounds. He declined 
to unite with any church until about eight 
years previous to his death, when he became 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
On June 8, 1808, he was commissioned lieu- 
tenant in Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Staats' 
regiment, and was promoted to captain, Feb- 
ruary 29, 1812. He married (first) Lydia 
Burton, of Schodack. New York, who died 
July 15, 1806; married (second) Elizabeth 



Card, of Greenbush, New York : married 
(third) Clarissa Cogswell, of Greenbush. 
Children: Oren, born September 17, 1794, 
died young ; Ephraim, born December 9, 1795, 
died January 5, 1824; Isaac, born Alay 7, 
1797, died May 23, 1883, married Rachel 
\\'hitbeck ; Orendia, born February 20, 1799, 
died October, 1861, married Benjamin Brad- 
bury, February 20, 1818; Almyra, born Feb- 
ruary I, 1801, died September 10, 1827; Ma- 
ria, born October 13, 1802, died February 
9. 1830: George Washington, Ix)rn January 
16, 1804, see forward ; Parmelia, born August 
16, 1805, died young. 

(IX) George Washington, son of Manas- 
sah and Lydia (Burton) Knowlton, was born 
January 16, 1804, died at Albany, New York, 
October 11, 1884. He entered upon a mer- 
cantile career at an early age, and in 1833 
associated himself with his brother-in-law, un- 
der the firm name of Knowlton & Rowe, as 
rectifier of spirits and oil merchants. They 
were the first to manufacture and to use as 
an illuminator the old "burning fluid." He 
sold out his interest in 1841, and retired to 
his place in Greenbush, residing later at Nas- 
sau and Castleton, finall)- returning to Albany 
to spend his last days. He married S3'bil 
Anne Rowe, born November 15, 1812, a de- 
scendant of the Rhenish German Rowes 
(Rauh), a member of which family, Johannes 
Rauh, settled in the Nine Partners Tract, in 
Dutchess county. New York, about 1705. She 
died in .\lbany, August 20, 1897. Children: 
Mary Louisa, born Alarch 26, 1833, see for- 
ward; George Henry, born November 2, 1835, 
married, September 15, 1863, Ellenore Ross, 
of Terre Haute, Indiana: Charlotte A., born 
.\pril 9, 1838, died February 15, 1842; Fran- 
cis F., born Julv 17, 1847, died Julv 18, 
1864. 

(X) Mary Louisa, daughter of George 
Washington and Sybil Anne (Rowe) Knowl- 
ton, was born in Greenbush, Rensselaer coun- 
ty. New York, March 26, 1833, and was a 
resident of Albany, New York, in 1910. She 
obtained her education at the East Green- 
bush and Nassau academies, and Tyler's In- 
stitute. Pittsfield. Massachusetts. Imbued 
with a tense feeling of patriotism and inter- 
ested in the history of her ancestors, she was 
one of the most active originators of the 
Knowlton Family Association. Her city resi- 
dence has been at No. 328 Hudson avenue, 
Albany, for thirty-five years, and at Castle- 
ton, New York, she has a summer home 
known as Glenwood, where she owns about 
one hundred acres of attractive land. She 
married, at Nassau, New York, September 
29, 1852, Edwin Henry Griffith, of that place. 



194 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



After marriage, she removed with him to Cas- 
tleton, where her husband founded the Na- 
tional Bank of Castleton. In 1874, owing to 
the faihire of his liealth, she went with him 
to Denver, Colorado, where their youngest 
child Grace died, February 6, 1875, and real- 
izing he could not long survive, they returned 
to Albany, where he died May 16, 1875 (see 
Griffith IV). 



John Packer, having obtained 
PACKER a grant of land in the southern 

part of Connecticut, emigrated 
from England about the year 165 1 and set- 
tled in the town of Groton, Connecticut. He 
shortly became one of the largest and most 
influential of the planters in the struggling 
colony. In time he became the father of 
twelve children, seven being sons. 

(II) James, youngest son of John Packer, 
was born in 1681, died April 24, 1765. Like 
his father, he made his mark in the commu- 
nity by industrious management, becoming 
noted among the large planters and leading 
a life which made him highly respected. He 
had twelve children. 

(III) James (2), eldest son of James (i) 
Packer, was born in Groton, Connecticut, in 
1734. In middle life he removed with his 
family from there to Guilford, Vermont. 
Among his children were James, born August 
17, 1760; Jeremy, born about 1762; Eleazer, 
see forward. 

(IV) Eleazer, son of James (2) Packer, 
was born in Groton, Connecticut, June 26, 
1770, and died in Peachem, Vermont, March 
29, 1864. He was one of the earliest, in 
fact the second, of those who settled in New- 
ark, Vermont. He cleared a tract of what 
was then a virgin forest in the wilds of Ver- 
mont, and built thereon a log cabin, where 
he took up his residence and commenced 
farming. About the year 1801, this tract 
of land had come into the possession of James 
Packer, eldest brother of Eleazer, who ef- 
fected a change of property with him, Eleazer 
taking the lot of land in Newark, Vermont, 
and turning over to James his own farm in 
Guilford. About two years after he had erec- 
ted this crude habitation he brought thither 
his wife and little ones from Guilford to dwell 
there with him. Shortly afterwards, others 
seeing he had acquired a piece of favorable 
property which he had converted into a com- 
fortable and paying estate, came to settle 
there, and when a sufficient number had fol- 
lowed his lead the town was organized. He 
and two others, James Ball and John Sleeper, 
were chosen selectmen. Eleazer Packer was 
made the first justice of the peace for the 



place, which was a recognition of his promi- 
nence, and in 181 1 was chosen the first rep- 
resentative to the general assembly. To his 
credit as a pioneer it is recorded that he sol- 
emnized the first marriage at the place, mar- 
rying Philemon and Sally Hartwell, June 28, 
1812, at Newark, Vermont. As he continued 
to prosper he cleared still more acres of land 
thereabouts. Pushing back farther and far- 
ther the line of wild forest, he increased the 
proportion of his crops, built a larger and 
more commodious residence, and moved into 
it from the modest one which had sheltered 
him when he made his start. Here he lived 
for half a century and was permitted to see 
his cultivated acres increase from the small, 
original clearing to a large, well-managed and 
prosperous farming estate. As the town grew, 
schools were established, a church (the Meth- 
odist Episcopal) of which he became an hon- 
ored and devoted member, was organized, audi 
the entire machinery of the town came into 
existence under his eye and was largely aided 
by his ability and willingness to furtlier such 
important public movements. In all the res- 
pective advances he is known to have borne a 
conspicuous part, and not infrequently it was 
he who furnished the intiative for the various 
steps. That he thoroughly enjoyed the con- 
fidence and esteem of his fellow-townsmen is 
sufficiently evidenced in the fact that he was 
chosen to represent his town in the legisla- 
ture of Vermont for fifteen consecutive years 
and was justice of the peace there for no less 
than two-score years. He might have con- 
tinued much longer to serve the public in the 
former office had he not relinquished the de- 
sire on account of the demands upon his time 
by increasing home duties. Serving the town 
for so lengthy a period as a justice, fastened 
upon him the familiar sobriquet of "Squire," 
which he seemed to appreciate and favor as a 
sign of cordial friendship, and wherever he 
was known he was mentioned with that dis- 
tinguishing title prefixed to his name. Eleazer 
Packer married, at Leyden, Massachusetts, 
March 16, 1796, Abigail Potter. Children: i. 
Philura, died 1824; married Curtis Newell. 2. 
Electra, died 1824. 3. Horace, born March 

9, 1801. see forward. 4. Eleazer, born 1803; 
died April 3, 1806. 5. Austin, born April 28, 
1805. 6. Osman (twin of Austin). 7. David, 
born February 20, 1808. 8. Eli Wing, Jan- 
uary 5. 181 1. 9. Josephine, March 30, 1814. 

10. Rebecca Barney, July 23, 1817. John 
Quincy Adams. 1820. 

(V) Horace, son of Eleazer and Abigail 
(Potter) Packer, was born in Newark. Ver- 
mont, March 9, 1801, and died at Burke, Ver- 
mont, October 19, 1868. As his father and 







\^^/L4y ^-^^-r^y^To/^^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



195 



grandfather before him. he was to follow 
large agricultural pursuits. He owned and 
lived upon an extensive farm in his native 
town, but his health becoming somewhat im- 
paired, he preferred to remove to Burke, 
where he died at the age of sixty-seven. He 
married Hopestill W'hipple Brown, daughter 
of Josiah Brown, of Kirby, Vermont. After 
his removal to Burke, Horace Packer, with 
his son, H. H. Packer, engaged in the manu- 
facture of boots, and shoes, and continued in 
this business during the remainder of his life. 
Among the town offices which he held was 
that of town excise agent, a position which 
he retained from the date of his appointment 
to his death. Children: i. Electra, died in 
infancy. 2. Halsey, died young. 3. Eli Elea- 
zer, born July 30, 1834, see forward. 4. Mary 
C, born June, 1837, died June, 1852. 5. Mar- 
tha J., born May, 1840, died March, 1854. 6. 
Horace H., born September 9, 1843, died 
April 13, 1904. Was veteran of civil war, 
prominent in Grand Army and Masonic cir- 
cles ; was in the boot and shoe trade forty 
years, first with his father, afterward alone 
till death; married (first) Carrie Kahili; (sec- 
ond) Mary W. Whillock. The last named 
is now living at West Burke, Vermont. 7. 
Esther M., born 1846, died 1852. 8. Arianna, 
born 1849, at Newark, Vermont, died at Be- 
thel, Maine, 1884; married H. W. Bishop, a 
jeweller, who died 1882; after his death his 
widow was appointed postmistress of Bethel, 
and retained the office until the time of her 
death. 

(VI) Professor Eli Eleazer Packer, son of 
Horace and Hopestill Whipple (Brown) 
Packer, was born in Newark, Vermont, July 
30, 1834, and in 1910, was principal of School 
No. 12, Albany. New York. He received his 
earliest education at the Shelburne Falls In- 
stitute, in Shelburne. Franklin county, Mas- 
sachusetts, from which he graduated in 1855, 
and later attended the academy at St. Johns- 
bury, Vermont, for two years. He developed 
a strong inclination to become an instructor 
and taught for two years in Vermont schools, 
after which, in 1858, he removed his field of 
effort to New York state, teaching for seven 
years in the scjiools and the academy at 
Whitehall, New York, then throughout five 
years in the Union School of Cohoes. In 
1870 he was called to Albany to become the 
principal of its Public School No. 12. one of 
the largest in that city, with six hundred pu- 
pils under his care in 1910. He ranks among 
the most prominent of Albany's educators, 
and many hundreds of the city's best men of 
business owe much to him for the strengthen- 
ing of character under more than common 



solicitude of one in his position. He has con- 
tributed frequently to educational periodicals, 
and is forceful in utterance as he is decisive 
in his thoughts. He has always been much 
interested in music, particularly that of the 
church organ, and was for a considerable time 
organist at Whitehall and afterward at Co- 
hoes. He is an attendant of the Emmanuel 
Baptist Church, of which he has been a dea- 
con for more than twenty years. His resi- 
dence is at No. 486 Madison avenue, Albany, 
New York. He is a member of Masters 
Lodge, No. 5, Free and Accepted Masons, of 
Albany, New York. He visited Europe in 
1 90 1 and spent tlie summer. He has visited 
nearly every state and territory in the United 
States. In politics he is a Republican. 

Professor Packer married, at Sutton, Ver- 
mont, July 8, 1858. Emily Hill, of that place ; 
daughter of .'\mos Hill and Mary Smith, and 
was born July 27, 1833, at Sutton, Vermont, 
and died at Albany, March 19, 1905. Chil- 
dren: I. Clarence Hill, born at Whitehall, 
April 2, 1859 ; married, at Jackson, Michigan, 
December, 1883, Nellie Beebe, daughter of 
the cashier of National Bank at Jackson, 
Michigan, by whom : Mabel Packer, born at 
Jackson, Michigan, November 2'>„ 1884, mar- 
ried, October 8, 1909, Roy Kenney ; Ethel, 
born at Jackson, Michigan, June 13, 1888, 
died at Toledo, Ohio, April, 1908 ; Charles 
Horace, born at Jackson, Michigan, July 12, 
1890; Orlow, born at Jackson, Michigan, No- 
vember II, 1892; Edwin Eli, born at Toledo, 
Ohio, August 20, 1895 ; Helen, born at To- 
ledo, Ohio, August 26, 1897; Laura Belle, 
born at Toledo, Ohio, October 2, 1900. 2. 
Anabel. born at Whitehall, August 12, i860; 
married Clarence A. Draper, of Toledo, Ohio, 
October 25, 1886. For nearly thirty years 
Clarence A. Draper was a prominent busi- 
ness man of Toledo, being in jjartnership dur- 
ing this long period with M. Nugent. Early 
in 1910, the partnership was dissolved, Mr. 
Nugent retaining tlie store and furniture bus- 
iness, and Mr. Draper taking an equivalent 
value in property gained outside the busi- 
ness. 



The descent of the Hun family in 
HUX .America is traced to Harmen Hun. 
He resided in Amersfoort, a town 
in the province of Utrecht, Holland, situated 
on the Eem river, some twenty-si.x miles 
southeast of Amsterdam. Pie had a son 
named Thomas, and a daughter called Wen- 
deltie. This fact is set forth in the Notarial 
Papers (page 103) on record in the office of 
the clerk of Albany county. New York, 
wherein she is mentioned as Wendeltie Har- 



196 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



mense, or in actuality, \\'en(leltie, daughter 
of Harmen Hun, and sister of Thomas. 

Thomas Hun had a grandson named Har- 
men Thomase, who is mentioned in the docu- 
ment above referred to, which reads : "On 
July 5, 1661, his son Harmen and liis wife 
Catalyntie Berck (spelled Bercx in Pearson's 
"First Settlers of Albany") gave a power of 
attorney to collect a certain sum of money 
from Angenitie Cornelisen, of Amsterdam, in 
Holland, belonging to the aforesaid Catalyntie 
as an inheritance from the late Tryntje Jan- 
sen van Rechter, her mother, late wife of 
Cornelis Stoffelse Bui, of Amsterdam, and 
also from her brother, Hendrick Berck, a cer- 
tain sum on an obligation,'' dated on March 

8, 1656: also, to close up the estate of Wen- 
deltie Harmense (maiden lady), late aunt, or 
father's sister, of the above-named Harmen 
Thomase, slie being dead at Alckmar, Hol- 
land. 

(H) Thomas, son of Harmen Hun, resided 
at Amersfoort, Holland, and had a son named 
Harmen Thomase. It is not known what 
other children, if any, he might have had. 

(HI) Harmen Thomase, son of Thomas 
Hun, came to this country from Amersfoort, 
Holland. He married Catalyntie Berck in 
1661 (or, Pearson, 1662). She was born in 
1625, and was the widow of Dirck Bensingh, 
(Bensing, Bensen). and the daughter of Cor- 
nelis Stoffelse Bui and his wife, Tryntje Janse 
van Rechter (widow of Samuel Berck), of 
Amsterdam, Holland. When she married 
Hun she had had five children by Bensingh. 
He and his wife made a joint will in 1663, 
and she died April 14, 1693. Children: i. 
Weintie, born February 9, 1662. died Febru- 
ary 19, 1662. 2. Weintie, October 29, 1663 ; 
married, September 11, 1692, Rutger Mel- 
cherts Van Deusen, son of Melchert and En- 
geltje (Van Schoenderwoert ) Van Deusen. 3. 
Thomas, November i, 1666, died November 

9, 1667. 4. Thomas Harmense, see forward. 
(IV) Tliomas Harmense, son of Harmen 

Thomase and Catalyntie (Berck) Hun, was 
born in Beverwyck, New Netherland, (Al- 
bany, New York), October 2, 1668, died 
January 12, 1716, Albany. He married, 
November 20, 1692, Mayeke (Maaike, 
Mary) Oothout, daughter of Jan Janse 
and Hendrickje (\^an Ness) Oothout. 
She died October 14, 1759. Children: i. Ca- 
talyntie, born September 4, 1693 (Pearson, 
baptized September 3, 1693) ; married, No- 
vember. 1726, John G. Lansing; died October, 
1727. 2. Johannes, October 10. 1693, see for- 
ward. 3. Harmen, November 23, 1697 ; (Pear- 
son, baptized July 21, 1700) ; died young. 
4. Cornelis, June 9, 1700, (Pearson, baptized 



July 21. 1700). 5. Hendrickje, September 12, 
1702, (Pearson, baptized August 20, 1702) ; 
married, December 20, 1724, Pieter Schuyler. 
6. Dirck, September 7, (Pearson, September 
17), 1704; married Alargaret Cornelia Ho- 
gan. 7. Rutger, j\Iarch 15 (Pearson, bap- 
tized March 16), 1707. 8. Adrian, June 15, 
(Pearson, baptized July 24), 1709; married, 
August, 1733, Phoebe Smith ; died January 
II, 1737. 9. Harmen, September 15, 1712; 
married, December 6, 1735. Elsje Lansing. 

(\') Johannes, son of Thomas Harmense 
and Mayeke (Oothout) Hun, was born in 
Albany, New York, October 10, 1695, died 
there January 22, 1776, and it has been said 
that he was buried in the churchyard of the 
"Middle" Dutch Reformed Church on the 
south side of Beaver street. It may be that 
the remains were re-interred there ; but it is 
probable that they were interred, as all men 
of prominence connected with the Dutch 
church of that period in Albany were, in the 
Dutch Church which stood at the intersec- 
tion of Broadway and State street, (between 
1656-1715, of timber, and 1715-1805 of stone) 
and when it was taken down in 1805, that the 
street might not be hampered in traffic, the 
material was employed in the construction of 
the new church, above referred to, on Beaver 
street, and the cornerstone of the new edifice 
laid on April 30, 1806, so that at his death 
in 1776, it is unlikely that he was buried there 
directly, although it is shown that his remains 
were removed from the church lot in 1803, by 
his grandson, Abraham Hun, to the vault 
which he had erected on a lot on Chestnut 
street, between Hawk and Swan streets. 
When regrading took place, this vault was 
abandoned, and the bodies therein removed 
to the Buena Vista farm at Normanskill, 
reached in 1900. by following Delaware ave- 
nue to the creek. The bodies were, about 
the time of this latter date, reinterred in the 
Hun lot in the Albany Rural cemetery. He 
married. May 4, 1725, Anna, daughter of 
Francis and Elsie (Gansevoort) Winne. She 
died March, 1759. Children: i. Thomas, 
born June, 1726, died December 14, 1731. 2. 
Elsie, May 16, 1728, died January 4, 1732. 3. 
Elsie, March 18. 1733; married. May 19, 
1757, Philip, son of Johannes Janse and Geer- 
truy (-Schuyler) Lansing; eight children. 4. 
Thomas, see forward. 

(VI) Thomas (2), son of Johannes and 
Anna (Winne) Hun, was born in Albany, 
New York, February 28, 1736, died there No- 
vember 17, 1802. He was agent for Patroon 
Steplien \'an Rensselaer and was a surveyor. 
He built a house on the east side of Broad- 
way, (then Market street) fifty feet south of 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



197 



Maiden Lane, demolished in 1845. He mar- 
ried, in Albany, Aiisjust 27, 1761, the Rev. 
Eliardiis Westerlo officiating, Elizabeth Wen- 
dell, born in .Albany, September 2, 1738, 
daughter of .\braham and Geertruy (Bleeck- 
er) Wendell. Children, born in .Albany: i. 
.Annetje, September 15, 1763, died in Penn 
Yan, New York, October 17, 1848; married, 
Albany, May 19, 1795, Rev. John Bassett ; 
five children. 2. Abraham, see forward. 

(AH) .Abraham, son of Thomas (2) and 
Elizabeth (Wendell) Him, was born in Al- 
bany. New York, February 17, 1768. He died 
there, January 29, 18 12, and was placed in 
his own vault on Chestnut street, between 
Hawk and Swan streets.- He graduated from 
Columbia College, immediately afterward 
took up the study of law, and forming a part- 
nership with Rensselaer Westerlo, half broth- 
er of the Patroon of the \'an Rensselaer Man- 
or, acted as agent for Stephen Van Rens- 
selaer until his death. He resided in 
his house on the east side of Mar- 
ket street (later Broadway), which was 
situated about fifty feet south of Maid- 
en Lane, which site was later built upon 
when the Stanwix Hall Hotel was erected, 
and he also owned a well cultivated farm of 
about three hundred and seventy-five acres 
extending along and northward back from the 
Normanskill creek (at the end of Delaware 
avenue in 1900), which place he called "Bue- 
na \ista." after the battle in which General 
Taylor figured. On the brow of the hill, he 
built a summer residence, which his son 
Thomas reconstructed in 1852, at about the 
same time the farm was reduced to about 
twenty-five acres. He married, in .Albany, Sep- 
tember 22. 1796, Rev. John Bassett officiating, 
]\raria. daughter of Judge Leonard and Maria 
(\'an Rensselaer) Gansevoort. She was born 
in .Albany, New York, February 17, 1778, 
died there, October 19, 1813. and was buried 
in her husbantrs vault, as mentioned. Chil- 
dren: I. Elizabeth, born January 13, 1798, 
died -Albany, June 9, 1804. 2. Alaria, July 
23. 1800, died .April i, 1801. 3. Elizabeth, 
July I, 1804; married, Albany, April 4, 1833, 
Bernard S. \'an Rensselaer ; died Albany, 
July I, 1834. 4. Ann Maria, Albany, Oc- 
tober II, 1807, died October 27, 1807. 5. 
Thomas, see forward. 

(VUl) Thomas (3) Hun, M.D., son of 
Abraham and Maria (Gansevoort) Hun, was 
born in .Albany, New York, September 14, 
1808, died at his residence. No. 31 Elk street, 
Albany, June 2^, 1896. Losing both parents 
at an early age, he and his sister Elizabeth 
were brought up by their maternal grandpar- 
ents. Judge and Mrs. Leonard Gansevoort, Jr. 



He received his earliest education as a lad at 
a private school conducted by an Englishman 
and his wife, Mr. and Airs. Upfold, and in 
18 18 entered the Albany Boys' Academy, 
where he remained until graduation, follow- 
ing a complete course which fitted him for 
college. He was intelligent and studious, 
possessing a decided character, which ac- 
counted for his always standing high in his 
various classes. Because of his more than 
customar\' preparation and industry, when 
only sixteen years of age. he was able to enter 
the junior class of L^nion College, in the fall 
of 1824, following his graduation from the 
Academy, and while there his "chum'' was 
the popular Professor Isaac W. Jackson. He 
graduated with honors in 1826. taking the 
degree of .A.B. After leaving college, he be- 
gan the study of medicine, for which he had 
a decided leaning, and entered the office of 
Dr. Piatt Williams, a practitioner of eminence 
in .Albany. After serving thus as a student, 
he entered the medical department of the Un- 
iversity of Pennsylvania, in 1827, and com- 
pleting the full course, graduated in 1830 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He 
returned to Albany and commenced to prac- 
tice with his former instructor. Dr. Williams. 

\\'hen the cholera epidemic broke out in the 
summer of 1832, a cholera hospital was in- 
stituted in .Albany, and he was appointed one 
of the physicians. The death rate was alarm- 
ingly high, with more funerals each da\- than 
could be arranged for, and everyone afraid 
to mix with his neighbors. Burning barrels 
of tar filled the atmosphere with a heavy 
smoke, calculated to purify the air. Dr. 
Hun's position was unenviable and heroic. 
He discharged his duties with fortitude and 
skill, until the closing of the hospital in the 
cold weather, when the scourge was stamped 
out. In the spring of 1833 he went to Eur- 
ope to prosecute his studies further, and ex- 
cepting two brief visits to his home, remained 
there, residing chiefly in Paris, until 1839. 
The si.x years of foreign study afforded him 
a liberal range of experience, attending the 
large hospitals, and he gradually limited his 
wider range of the sciences to a knowledge 
of practice. 

During his last year abroad, the .Albany 
Medical College was organized and incorpor- 
ated, and before his return home in 1839, 
he was invited to accept the professorship of 
the Institutes of Medicine. He accepted, and 
his inaugural address excited considerable in- 
terest and admiration from its large grasp of 
principles as well as by rea.son of its lucid 
style and forcible illustrations. The students 
came to regard his lectures as the most in- 



198 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



teresting' and instructive, which abiUty on his 
part greatly increased the reputation of the 
young college. He continued these lectures 
until 1858, when he resigried to devote all his 
time to his practice, which had grown to be 
the best in Albany, and demanded this atten- 
tion. 

\\'hen the Albany Hospital was incorpora- 
ted in 1848, Dr. Hun became one of the board 
of consulting physicians, and had subsequent- 
ly held the same position with St. Peter's 
Hospital, Albany. He was made president 
of the New York State Medical Society in 
1862, and his inaugviral address attracted 
much favorable comment, despite his theories 
in opposition to the traditional ideas of medi- 
cal theory and practice. He maintained that 
neither medicine nor the physician, although 
both were of importance in their place, ever 
cured disease ; that the curative power rested 
in nature alone, and the function of the phy- 
sician not to "cure" ; but to preside over, 
watch and aid the efforts of nature to cure, 
by recognizing the true character of the dis- 
ease, its course, its processes and effects, also 
the accidents and dangers to which it is lia- 
ble, and thus to be able to secure, as far as 
possible, such favorable circumstances, aids 
and conditions as may be most contributory 
to the restorative powers of nature. He was 
unanimously called to be dean of faculty of 
the Albany Medical College. He was espec- 
ially noted as a practitioner for his sagacity 
and accuracy in the diagnosis of disease, and 
also for his calm, far-sighted comprehension 
of the constitutional tendencies affecting the 
case called to his attention. He was always 
studiously inclined, contemplative and given 
to thought along philosophical and metaphy- 
sical lines, for ethical investigation was a de- 
light for him. Xo physician in Albany ever 
stood higher in the confidence of both the pro- 
fession and the public. He was a devout 
Christian, worshipping at the Episcopal Cath- 
edral of All Saints, a man possessing the 
warmest of hearts for the distressed. He 
had been an alderman, and at his death was 
president of the Albany Academy board of 
trustees. 

Dr. Tliomas Hun married, in Albany, New 
York, April 29. 1841, the Rev. Horatio Pot- 
ter, rector of St. Peter's Church officiating, 
Lydia Louisa, daughter of Hon. Marcus Tul- 
lius and his (first) wife, Cynthia (Herrick) 
Reynolds. She was born in Amsterdam, 
New York, September 11, 1817, died at her 
residence, No. 31 Elk street, Albany, January 
26, 1876, and was buried in the Albany Rural 
cemetery. Her father, Marcus T. Reynolds, 
an attorney of Albany and one of the ablest 



of his times, was born in Minaville, Montgom- 
ery county. New York, December 29, 1788, 
son of Dr. Stephen Reynolds, of Amster- 
dam, and died at No. 25 North Pearl street, 
Albany, July 11, 1864. Her mother, Cynthia 
(Herrick) Reynolds, was daughter of 
Benjamin and Cynthia (Brush) Her- 
rick, the latter a daughter of Rich- 
ard Brush ; she was born at Amenia, New 
York, December 26, 1794, died at Amsterdam, 
New York, November 25, 1820. Benjamin 
Herrick was the son of Benjamin and Sarah 
(Denton) Herrick. Mrs. Thomas Hun was 
widely known through her endeavors to alle- 
viate the condition of the poor and ignorant, 
as well as in her own circle, where she was 
welcomed as one whose mind had been en- 
riched by a liberal education and by life-long 
habits of good reading and reflection, which 
gave her a graciousness of character and bril- 
liancy of conversation. Her chief interest lay 
in planning to reform what was evil and to 
aid those oppressed by undue hardships, in 
which aim she was always practical in the 
carrying out of her admirable ideas. She felt 
that the poor needed, even more than money, 
sound advice and cordial encouragement. She 
purchased and fitted up a sort of model tene- 
ment house, to occupy which became an es- 
teemed privilege, and here she watched over 
them, inculcating habits of neatness and sav- 
ing. She also sought to establish in the 
neighborhood of the poor reading rooms and 
a place of cheerful resort. In many other 
similar ways she led a worthy life and died 
blessed by every one who had the benefit 
of her acquaintance. 

Children of Dr. Thomas and Lydia Louisa 
(Reynolds) Hun. born in Albany: i. Ed- 
ward Reynolds, born April 17, 1842, see for- 
ward. 2. Marcus Tullius, May 22, 1845, see 
forward. 3. Leonard (jansevoort, May 10, 
1848, see forward. 4. John, June 10, 1852, 
died in Albany, August 16, 1852. 5. Henry, 
March 21, 1854, see forward. 

(IX) Edward Reynolds Hun, M.D., eldest 
son of Dr, Thomas (3) and Lydia Louisa 
(Reynolds) Hun, was born in Albany, New 
York, April 17, 1842, died in Stamford, Con- 
necticut. March 14, 1880. He received his 
early education at the Albany Boys' Acad- 
emy, which he entered in the fall of 1850. He 
also attended boarding-school at Sing Sing, 
(Ossining) New York, and at Byfield, 
Massachusetts. He went to Harvard and 
graduated in the class of 1863, then studied 
medicine in the Albany Medical Colle