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Full text of "Hudson-Mohawk genealogical and family memoirs; a record of achievements of the people of the Hudson and Mohawk valleys in New York state, included within the present counties of Albany, Rensselaer, Washington, Saratoga, Montgomery, Fulton, Schenectady, Columbia and Greene"

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HUDSON-MOHAWK 
GENEALOGICAL 



AND 



FAMILY Memoirs 



A RECORD OF ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE PEOPLE OF THE HUDSON AND 
MOHAWK VALLEYS IN NEW YORK STATE, INCLUDED WITHIN THE PRES- 
ENT COUNTIES OF ALBANY. RENSSELAER. WASHINGTON. SARATOGA, 
MONTGOMERY, FULTON, SCHENECTADY, COLUMBIA AND GREENE. 



PREPARED UNDER THE EDITORI.\L SUPERVISION OF 

CUYLER REYNOLDS 

Curator of The Albany Institute and Historical and Art Society, since 1898; Director of New 

York State History Exhibit at Jamestown Exposition, 1907; Author of "Albany 

Chronicles," "Classified Quotations," and several other published works. 



VOLUME II. 



ILLUSTRATED 



NEW YORK 
LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1911 



COPYRIGHT 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1911 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS. 



i ^ "S^ Q O -1 



4 



This is a New England fam- 
SANFORD ily, that transplanted to New 
York, at once took root, 
flourished and prospered as if on parent soil. 
No name is more closely interwoven with the 
history and prosperity of the city of Amster- 
dam than that of Sanford. The Sanfords of 
Amsterdam descend from Thomas Sanford, 
born in England, perhaps from i6oo to i6io, 
as near as the date can be located. He is be- 
lieved to have been the son of Anthony and 
Joane (Stratford) Sanford, and a grandson 
of Raulf Sanford,. of Stowe, county of Glou- 
cester, England. Thomas Sanford married 
about the time he left England, Dorothy, 
daughter of Henry Meadows, of Stowe. They 
came to Boston, Massachusetts, with the John 
Winthrop colony in 1631-33. We first find 
Thomas at Dorchester, where he received an 
allotment of land in 1634, and again in 1635. 
He became a freeman, March 8, 1637. In 
1639 he removed with a colony from Dor- 
chester and Watertown to Connecticut, and 
settled in Milford, New Haven county, where 
his name appears in the very earliest records. 
He was intimately associated in organizing 
the town with Governor Treat, Lieutenant- 
Governor Lette, Buckingham, Law, and other 
noted men. Stratford was probably named 
by him for his paternal grandfather, John 
Stratford, father of Joane. His grandson, 
Thomas Sanford, was an early settler there. 

(I) Thomas Sanford, immigrant, was born 
in England, died in Milford, Connecticut, Oc- 
tober, 1681, son of Anthony and Joane (Strat- 
ford) Sanford. He married, about 1630, Dor- 
othy Meadows, by whom he had two children, 
born in Massachusetts : Ezekiel, see forward, 
and Sarah, wife of Richard Shute. Thomas 

Sanford married (second) Sarah , born 

in Milford, May 14, 1681, who bore him: 
Mary, Samuel, Thomas, Ephraim, Elizabeth, 
married Obadiah Allyne. His will is dated 
September 23, 1681, and the estate was ap- 
praised at about seven hundred pounds. 



(H) Ezekiel, eldest son of Thomas and 
Dorothy (Meadows) Sanford, settled in Fair- 
field, Connecticut, where he died in 1683. He 
was a large land owner, as the records show ; 
a large part of this he gave to his children 
before his death. His widow administered 
upon the estate, but died before it was set- 
tled. He married, April 25, 1665, Rebecca 
Wickla (another authority says Rebecca 
Whelpley). Children: Sarah, Ezekiel, see 
forward, Mary, Rebecca, Thomas, Martha 
and Elizabeth. 

(HI) Ezekiel (2), son of Ezekiel (i) and 
Rebecca (Wickla) Sanford, was born March 
6, 1668, in Fairfield, Connecticut, died in 
March, 1728-29, leaving a large estate, one- 
third of which real and personal he left to 
"my beloved wife Rebecca." Flis will was 
made January 29, 1728-29, and probated 
March 28, 1728-29. He married, 1696, Re- 
beckah Gregory. Children : Joseph, Lemuel, 
Zachariah, Ezekiel, Samuel, Ephraim, see for- 
ward ; Rebeckah, married William Hill; Abi- 
gail, married James Bradley ; EInathan. 

(IV) Ephraim, son of Ezekiel (2) and Re- 
beckah (Gregory) Sanford, was born in Fair- 
field, Connecticut, February 12, 1708-09, died 
in Redding, February 6, 1761-62. He settled 
in the village of Redding (the northern part 
of Fairfield), incorporated as a town in 1767. 
The part of the town in which he settled was 
called Sanfordtown. He became a very large 
land owner, as is shown by numerous deeds 
now in possession of his descendants, some 
dated as early as 1733. He was engaged in 
mercantile business, his first store being in 
Redding. He was very successful in all his 
ventures, and left an unusually large estate 
for his day. To his wife he left nine hundred 
and sixty-seven pounds ; to each of his four 
sons, seven hundred and sixty pounds ; to 
each of his seven daughters, two hundred and 
fifty-three pounds. The division was made 
May 26, 1763. Fie married, October 7, 1730, 
Elizabeth Mix. Children: i. Elizabeth, mar- 



48s 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



ried Jonas Piatt. 2. Rachel, married Stephen 
Mead. 3. Abigail, married Daniel Jackson. 
4. Hannah, married David Lyon. 5. John, see 
forward. 6. Oliver. 7. Lois, married Joseph 
Lyon. 8. Tabitha, married Thomas Rothwell. 
9. Hulda, married Thomas White. 10. Ephra- 
im. II. Augustus. 12. Esther. 

(V) John, son of Ephraim and Elizabeth 
(Mix) Sanford, was born in Fairfield, Con- 
necticut, April 26, 1739, died April 18, 1784. 
He married, 1759, Anna Wheeler, who died 
in 1 79 1. They were the parents, according to 
his will, of James, Elizabeth, John, Stephen, 
see forward, Huldah, Eh, Ephraim, Anne, Lois 
and Esther. With this generation the family 
began to scatter and spread the Sanford name 
and fame beyond the confines of New Eng- 
land. The descendants of John Sanford are 
very noted men in Canada, one in parliament, 
another the head of a college. The descend- 
ants of Stephen include : Henry Shelton San- 
ford, who held many high diplomatic offices, 
was the author of a work on International 
Maritime Law, prominent in Washington po- 
litical circles, and within three days after his 
inauguration appointed by President Lincoln 
minister to Belgium. It would require an en- 
tire work to chronicle the official honors be- 
stowed upon him and tell of his wonderful 
African exploring achievements. He was the 
only American who passed through all the 
grades of our consular service from attache 
rtj minister plenipotentiary. An intermarriage 
brings in the Morgan family and the Hon. 
Daniel Nash Morgan, who was treasurer of 
the United States from 1893 to 1897, selected 
by President Cleveland. 

(VI) Stephen, son of John and Anna 
(Wheeler) Sanford, was born in Redding, 
Connecticut, November 24, 1769, died in Rox- 
bury, Connecticut, October 20, 1848. He mar- 
ried Sarah Curtis, thus uniting with one of the 
families of the Rev. John Beach connection. 
She was born at Zoar, Connecticut, September 
5, 1771, died at Roxbury, Connecticut, May 
8, 1856. Children: Nehemiah C, Charlotte, 
Phoebe, John, see forward, Charles, Stephen 
and Nelson. Hon Nehemiah C. was the 
father of Hon. Henry Shelton Sanford, the 
diplomat. 

(VII) Hon. John (2), second son of Ste- 
phen and Sarah (Curtis) Sanford, was born 
in Roxbury, Connecticut, June 3, 1803, died 
in Amsterdam, New York, October 4, 1857. 
He was the founder in New York of the 
Amsterdam Sanford family. In 1821 he left 
New England, being then eighteen, and found 
employment at school teaching, for a few 
terms at Amsterdam and Mayfield, where he 
also had a mercantile business. He removed 



this business to Amsterdam, where he suc- 
cessfully conducted it until 1840. In that 
year he was elected to Congress, having so 
well demonstrated his fitness to his friends 
and neighbors. He served one term, returned 
to Amsterdam and built a mill for the manu- 
facture of carpets. He is the father of that 
great Amsterdam industry that has done so 
much for the city and for the family for- 
tunes. In 1842 he placed the first product of 
his mill on the market. He threw all his won- 
derful energy into the development of this in- 
dustry until 1854, when the factory was 
burned and Mr. Sanford retired from active 
business life. Amsterdam owes much to John 
Sanford ; he came to the town when it was 
little more than a hamlet, and aided materially 
in its development, not only by his investment 
of capital, but by his public spirit and stirring 
example. He married, August 3, 1822, at 
Amsterdam, New York, Mary, born March 
2, 1803, died November 11, 1888, daughter of 
John and Rachel (Winche) Slack. She was 
born, reared, educated, died and buried in 
Amsterdam, New York. Children: i. Sarah 
Caroline, born March 27, 1824, died March 
27, 187 1 ; married John Stewart, November 
19, 1845, and left a son. Nelson Sanford 
Stewart. 2. Stephen, see forward. 3. Nelson, 
born June i, 1828, at Amsterdam, New York; 
was accidentally killed on the train between 
Amsterdam and Albany, August 15, 1848. 
4. David, May 4, 1830, died August 11, 1885; 
married, November 3, 185 1, Carrie E. Pearl, 
and had a son Frank and daughter Mary Ali- 
dah. 5. Aledah, March 8, 1833 ; married, De- 
cember 29, 1856, James E. Waring, and has 
a son Charles Henry and a daughter Alary 
Sanford Waring. 6. Harriette, 1836; mar- 
ried Henry Sacia, son of Judge David F. 
Sacia ; children : Caroline Sanford Gardiner 
and Anna Sanford Sacia. 

(VIII) Hon. Stephen (2), eldest son of 
Hon. John (2) and Mary (Slack) Sanford,^ 
was born in Mayfield, Montgomery county, 
New York, May 26, 1826. He received his 
primary education in the public schools, his 
academic at "The Academy" at Amsterdam. 
He was a student at Georgetown College, D. 
C, two and one-half years, leaving that insti- 
tution to enter the United States Military 
Academy at West Point. In 1844 he re- 
turned to Amsterdam to share with his father 
the burden of his growing business. He en- 
tered the carpet mill and took up practical 
work from the beginning, so that when later 
he was admitted a partner, he was a thor- 
ough master of the details of carpet manu- 
facturing. He was admitted to partnership 
in 1848. The mill burned in 1854, and his 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



487 



father retired. Stephen purchased his inter- 
est, which then consisted of little more than 
smoking ruins. But Mr. Sanford had become 
so well convinced of the profit-making possi- 
bilities of the business, that, with unbounded 
courage and enthusiasm, he rebuilt and re- 
sumed business in a small way. Under his skill- 
ful management the business, founded by his 
father, had grown to one that employs twenty- 
five hundred hands and produces an annual 
output valued at three millions of dollars. 
To accomplish this, required not only capital, 
but Mr. Sanford's particular mental equip- 
ment, industry, perseverance, integrity, self- 
reliance, the capacity to formulate great un- 
dertakings and see their consummation. He 
is a fine example of the clear-headed self- 
reliant, self-made American business man. 
With the cares of a growing business on his 
shoulders, it was to be supposed that politics 
would be neglected, but Mr. Sanford neg- 
lected none of the duties of a citizen. He 
was an unswerving, loyal Republican, but 
would accept for himself but one office. He 
was elected in 1868 a member of the forty- 
first Congress, served faithfully, but declined 
re-election. He was a member of the elec- 
toral college that cast the vote of New York 
for U. S. Grant and of the national convention 
of 1876. 

Always interested in public aiifairs and hav- 
ing unusual opportunities, Mr. Sanford, in 
his long public and semi-public life, formed 
the personal acquaintance of many noted pub- 
lic men. He was a lifelong friend of Roscoe 
Conkling, and his chief lieutenant and adviser 
in many of his political campaigns. He was 
on terms of intimacy with President Grant, 
James G. Blaine, Zachary Chandler, and other 
famous statesmen. His reminiscences of these 
men, told in his most interesting manner, is 
a form of enjoyable entertainment with which 
he often favors his chosen circle of friends, 
and much unwritten history is then revealed. 
He has had manifold outside business inter- 
ests. He was director of the Farmers' Bank, 
president of the Amsterdam Reservoir Asso- 
ciation, which has supplied millions of horse- 
power to Amsterdam factories, president of 
the Gaslight Company, the Cemetery Asso- 
ciation, founder and president of the Amster- 
dam City Bank, president of the Montgomery 
County Agricultural Society, Amsterdam 
Academy, and has other important interests 
beyond local limits. In the prosecution of all 
large public undertakings, he was appealed 
to, not alone for material aid, but for his wise 
counsel and sound judgment. Remarkable in 
many ways, he is particularly wonderful for 
his vast fund of information and his clear. 



comprehensive way of conveying it to others. 
As a deep thinker and public speaker, he has 
commanded and deserved favorable criticism. 
His career has been a wonderful one, and no 
man who casts a retrospective glance over his 
life work has greater cause for self-congratu- 
lation than he. 

In his public benefactions he has been par- 
ticularly kind and generous to the churches 
of Amsterdam, without regard to creed. Am- 
sterdam Hospital owes its very existence to 
his timely help. When the trustees, wholly 
discouraged, felt they must surrender, his 
check for many thousands had lifted the load, 
and given them courage to continue. The 
Montgomery County Historical Society 
through his generous kindness, was enabled 
to purchase the valuable collection of aborigi- 
nal relics belonging to the late A. G. Rich- 
mond ; also to publish the ''Minutes of Tryon 
County." His gift of fifteen thousand dollars 
to the "Old Fort Johnson," and an endow- 
ment fund, was the crowning act of generosity 
that endears him to the society. The Chil- 
dren's Home, in which Mrs. Sanford always 
was deeply interested, has also been a bene- 
ficiary of his charitable, generous nature. He 
renovated and rebuilt the "Home," improved 
the grounds and enclosed them with an iron 
fence, with pillared entrance gates. He bore the 
entire cost of the construction of the handsome 
"Home for Elderly Women," and presented 
it to the trustees as a memorial to his wife, 
as is stated on the bronze tablet over the main 
entrance. A high iron fence, with massive 
stone gateway and entrance, was placed 
around the grounds of Green Hill Cemetery 
as another memorial to her. The Grand 
Army of the Republic remembers with grati- 
tude his repeated help in paying their entire 
expenses to the grand encampments for a 
number of years. St. Mary's Roman Catho- 
lic Hospital has also been favored with bene- 
factions from Mr. Sanford. These are only 
a few of his beneficences. Many others are 
known only to the giver and the recipient. 

Stephen Sanford married, December 12, 
1849, Sarah Jane, daughter of Alexander Gif- 
ford and Sarah Dempster (Phillips) Coch- 
rane. She was born in New York City, March 
4, 1830, and died while on a winter visit to 
Aiken, South Carolina, March 22, 1901. Chil- 
dren, all born in Amsterdam: i. John, see 
forward. 2. William C, see forward. 3. Henry 
Curtis, July 30, 1859, died April 19, 1882. 
4. Charles Francis, September 21, 1864, died 
July 10, 1882. 5. Stephen, October 19, 1868, 
died February 20, 1870. The celebration of 
the golden wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Stephen 
Sanford, December 12, 1899, was an event 



488 



PIUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



still memorable in the social life of Amster- 
dam. She was one of the founders of "The 
Children's Home and The Home for Elderly 
Women," and was devoted to their welfare. 
Many beautiful testimonials to the character 
of Mrs. Stephen San ford were offered at the 
time of her death by friends,- by the pulpit, 
by the press, and in the records of the vari- 
ous societies, social, religious and benevolent, 
with which she had been connected. 

(IX) John (4), eldest son of Hon. Stephen 
(2) and Sarah Jane (Cochrane) Sanford, was 
born January 18, 1851. He received his early 
and academic education in the public schools 
and at Amsterdam Academy. In 1865 he en- 
tered Poughkeepsie Military Institute, remain- 
ing three years. This preparatory training 
qualified him for college, and in 1868 he en- 
tered Yale, from which time-honored institu- 
tion he was graduated A. B., class of 1872. 
Returning to z^msterdam, he at once entered 
the employ of his father in the carpet mills, 
taking a subordinate position. He worked his 
way through the several departments, until, 
after several years of preparatory service, he 
was admitted a member of the firm, the busi- 
ness founded by his grandfather in 1840, de- 
veloped by his father and himself, until it 
stands to-day one of the very greatest of the 
industries of the United States. Mr. San- 
ford has always been identified with the Re- 
publican party. In 1888 he was elected to 
congress from the "Saratoga" district. He 
took his seat at the opening of the fifty-first 
congress, December 2, 1889, and for four 
consecutive years served his district well, be- 
ing re-elected in 1890. He served on the com- 
mittee on manufactures and on civil service. 
He took an active part in framing the Mc- 
Kinley tariff bill, and rendered valuable serv- 
ice to the ways and means committee, by 
whom he was selected to reconcile the con- 
flicting interests of the woolen manufacturers 
and the wool growers. He conducted the fight 
before the ways and means committee that 
gave the glovemakers of his district victory 
over the glove importers and made possible 
the manufacture in the United States of ladies' 
fine kid gloves. He took an active part in 
^'Reciprocity" treaties, and in 1890 framed and 
presented resolutions to congress authorizing 
the president to enter into reciprocal trade 
arrangements with Spain and the Central 
and South American republics. He was an 
active and useful member. As a speaker on 
the floor of the house, he was earnest, able 
and impressive. His speech in support of 
the mail subsidy bill, advocating a national 
policy in the interest of American shipping 
and other American industries, was an elo- 



quent plea for that important measure that 
afterward became a law. During the four 
years he was in congress, Mr. Sanford never 
failed to reply promptly and fully to every 
letter written him from his district, without 
regard to the politics or position of the writer. 
He was re-elected in 1890 at the election that 
swept from power so many Republican states- 
men and changed the majority in the National 
house of representatives from nineteen Repub- 
lican to 246 Democratic. Mr. Sanford served 
out his second term, positively declin- 
ing a third, declaring his intention to de- 
vote his time to private business. Three suc- 
cessive generations of the Sanford family have 
represented the Montgomery county district in 
congress. John Sanford, grandfather, in 1840, 
the year of "Tippecanoe and Tyler Too," was 
elected to the twenty-seventh congress as a 
Democrat, and served one term. In 1868 his 
son, Stephen Sanford, was elected to the forty- 
first congress from the same district as a Re- 
publican. From 1888. to 1892 John Sanford, 
grandson, represented the same district, fa- 
miliarly known as the "Saratoga" district. He 
sat in the fifty-first and fifty-second congresses. 
This is probably a case without a parallel in 
American politics. Mr. Sanford was a dele- 
gate to the National Republican convention 
in 1892, and a member of the electoral col- 
lege that cast the vote of New York for Presi- 
dent iXIcKinley in 1897. He is a member of 
the state racing commission, appointed by the 
governor. He is a member of the following 
clubs: The Jockey, ]\IetropoIitan, University, 
Meadow Brook, Turf and Field, Brook, Rac- 
quet of New York and the Metropolitan of 
Washington. 

Hon. John Sanford married at Sanford, 
Florida, February 17, 1892, Ethel, daughter 
of Hon. Henry Shelton and Gertrude Ellen 
(du Puy) Sanford. Hon. Henry Shelton 
Sanford was the accomplished diplomat and 
successful business man of previous mention. 
His wife, Gertrude Ellen du Puy, was a de- 
scendant of one of the early Italian families, 
del Paggio, afterwards du Puy — Huguenots. 
On the revocation of the edict of Nantes they 
fled to America, not, however, before several 
members of the family had suft'ered martyr- 
dom. Flon. John and Ethel Sanford had 
three children: i. Stephen (4), born in Am- 
sterdam, New York, September 15, 1899. 
2. Sarah Jane, born in Amsterdam, Novem- 
ber 8, 1900. 3. Gertrude E. du Puy, born in 
Aiken, South Carolina, March 21, 1902. 

(IX) William Cochran, second son of Hon. 
Stephen (2) and Sarah Jane (Cochrane) 
Sanford, was born July 14, 1854, died March 
17, 1896. He received all the advantages of 




M.^y^o^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



489 



education, and was taught the value and dig- 
nit}' of individual effort. He was taken into 
the mills and became a valuable assistant. 
When his brother, John Sanford, was elected 
to congress, William C. was selected to suc- 
ceed him in the sales department in the offices 
in New York City. Although a young man 
for such an important position, he met every 
demand made upon him, and more than justi- 
fied the wisdom of his appointment. He had 
expert technical knowledge, unusual business 
ability, and with all his full share of the en- 
ergy and keen business acumen of his hon- 
ored father. His life promised to be one of 
great usefulness, not only to the Sanford 
business, but to the community at large. His 
early death was deeply regretted. He was 
unmarried. 



The American family of Read, 
READ which began with Colonel John 
Read, born inDublin. Ireland, 1668, 
son of Henry Read, Esq., and grandson of 
Sir Charles Read, of the ancient family of 
Barton Court, Oxfordshire. He was in line 
of descent from Thomas Read, lord of the 
manors of Barton Court and Breedon, in 
Berkshire, and high sheriff" of Berks, 1581, 
descended from Rede of Troughend. The 
Reads in America have been persons of the 
highest distinction, including a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, a commodore 
United States navy, a chief justice of the 
state of Delaware, a senator from Pennsyl- 
vania, an adjutant-general of the state of 
New York, first United States consul-general 
to France, and minister to Greece — in fact, 
a history of the Read family in America is 
like calling the roll of the country's noted 
men. In England the family has a noble and 
exceedingly ancient record dating to a remote 
period. A manuscript of Queen Elizabeth's 
time has a passage in which Rede of Trough- 
end is thus described : "Ye Laird of Trough- 
wen, the chief of the name of Reed and divers 
followers." In 1542- the Redes of Trough- 
end were reckoned the second clan of the dale 
of Rede. The oldest forms of the name of 
the family in Redesdale are Rede and Read, 
which in the Troughend family became 
changed to Reed, and in the Barton Court 
family to Reade, except the American branch, 
which spells it Read. A stone tablet in Els- 
don Church, Reclesdale, had this remarkable 
inscription above the coat-of-arms : ''The an- 
cient family of Troughend for above eight 
hundred years." The last of the Trough- 
end chiefs was Ellerington Reed, who sold 
Troughend, and died in 1829. This would 
take the clan back to the year 1000, as the 



tablet was erected to Ellerington Reed, who 
died January 5, 1758. Barton manor, the 
cradle, if not the birthplace, of the race, was 
acquired by Thomas Reade, founder of the 
Barton Court line, in 1550. In 1644 a force 
of Cromwell's men attacked Barton Court, 
which was vigorously defended. The storm- 
ing party only gained access by means of 
the torch, and the once stately pile was re- 
duced to a heap of smouldering ruins. Bar- 
ton Court is on the west bank of the Thames, 
a short distance north of Abingdon. Rich- 
ard Read (or Reade) of Culham rectory, 
Oxfordshire, ancestor of the American Reads, 
was third son of Thomas Reade (died 1604'), 
and Mary Stonehouse (died 1625), and grand- 
son of Thomas Reade, first lord of Barton 
Court ; Richard Read married Helen, eldest 
child of Sir Alexander Cave, of Bargrave and 
Rotherby Leicester. His second son. Sir 
Charles Read, born 1622, died 1674, of White- 
friars, London, and Dublin, married Catherine 
Russell, a kinswoman of his cousin, Sir Wil- 
liam Russell. Sir Charles Read's eldest son, 
Henry Read, married R'lary Molines, descen- 
dant of the old Oxfordshire house of De Mo- 
lines, which survive in Lord Ventry. Henry 
Read's only son, John Read, was first of the 
family to cross over to America, and with 
him the American family begins. He was of 
the sixth generation from Thomas Reade, first 
lord of Barton manor, and of the third from 
Richard of Culham Rectory, and tenth from 
Edward, high sheriff of Berks, 1439. 

(I) Colonel John Read, only son of Henry 
and Mary (Molines) Read, was born in Dub- 
lin, Ireland, January 15, 1688, of English 
parentage.' He fell in love at an early age 
with his cousin, a beautiful girl, who died 
before their engagement terminated in mar- 
riage. The shock so overcame him that he de- 
termined, in spite of his parents' opposition, 
to seek relief in entire change of scene. Cross- 
ing the ocean to Maryland, he purchased lands 
in several counties in that province, to which 
he added others in Delaware and Virginia. 
On his home plantation in Cecil county, Mary- 
land, where his eldest son George was born, 
he erected a spacious brick mansion subse- 
quently destroyed by fire. He possessed 
slaves, whom he treated with unvarying hu- 
manity. "Jim" was the head of his house 
servants, as "Juba" was the head of those 
of the next generation. Lie was fond of field 
sports, and the country rang with the sound 
of his dogs and gun. He was both hospitable 
and generous. He gave all the land to endow 
the churches in his vicinity, both in Maryland 
and Delaware. His life was honorable in all 
its relations. He was one of the original 



490 



HUDSON AKD IMOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



proprietors of the city of Charlestown, at the 
head of Chesapeake bay, a town in which 
many of his friends, the elder generations of 
the Washington family, and eventually Gen- 
eral Washington himself, became deeply inter- 
ested. Tradition preserves an account of the 
youthful Washington's visit to Colonel Read 
at the close of the latter's active, well-spent 
life. As one of the original proprietors of 
Charlestown, Colonel Read was appointed by 
the colonial legislature one of the commis- 
sioners to lay out and govern the new town. 
In the course of his active career he held sev- 
eral military commissions, and in the latter 
part of his life he resided on the plantation in 
New Castle county, Delaware, where he died 
June 15, 1756, in his sixty-ninth year. He 
is buried in New Castle county. His will was 
signed the day of his death, as is mentioned 
in an indenture some thirty-five years later, 
for the original will was carried away by the 
British army, with many of the public records 
of New Castle county. Colonel Read embod- 
ied the characteristics which have always dis- 
tinguished the Read family, piety, severe in- 
tegrity, original and powerful intellectuality, 
devotion to friends and country, and fasci- 
nating manners. In figure, he resembled his 
English ancestors, being fuller in form than 
the majority of his American descendants. He 
was a remarkably handsome man, six feet in 
height, with a ruddy complexion, dark, ex- 
pressive eyes, and was noted for his great 
strength. Bequeathing to his descendants the 
traditions of a well-ordered life, he was a fit- 
ting progenitor of an illustrious line of states- 
men, jurists, soldiers, sailors and divines. 
Three of his sons were numbered among the 
founders and fathers of the United States. 
There are two portraits of Colonel John Read ; 
one represents him in his youth, in the strik- 
ing costume of the reign of Queen Anne ; the 
other depicts him in middle life, in the wig 
and dress of the time of George II. After 
a long period of single life his early sorrow 
was consoled by his marriage, April 16, 173 1, 
to Mary Howell (born 171 1, died September 
22, 1784), a charming young Welsh woman, 
many years his junior. When very young, she 
was brought from Wales to Delaware by her 
parents. Her father became a large planter, 
and her uncle was one of the founders of 
Newark, Delaware. Mrs. Read survived her 
husband nearly thirty years. Her nephew. 
Colonel Richard Howell, was a distinguished 
Revolutionary officer, and for eight years gov- 
ernor of New Jersey. He was the ancestor 
of Chief Justice Agnew, of Pennsylvania ; 
Verina Howell, wife of Jefferson Davis, presi- 
dent of the Southern Confederacy, and of 



Rear Admiral John Cumming Howell, who 
distinguished himself in the war of the re- 
bellion. Six sons and a daughter were bom to 
Colonel John and Mary (Howell) Read. The 
only daughter, Mary, married Gunning Bed- 
ford, Sr., who was a lieutenant in the war 
against the French in 1775, and took an active 
part in the revolution. He was commissioned 
major and lieutenant-colonel, and was wound- 
ed at the battle of White Plains, while leading 
his men to the attack. Later he was muster- 
master general, member of the continental 
congress, and governor of Delaware. He 
left no issue. The sons were: i. George, 
"The signer," see forward. 2. William, for- 
merly of Philadelphia, afterward of Havana, 
where he was assassinated in 1763 ; he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Chambers, and had a daughter, 
Mary. 3. John, planter, of Cecil county, IMary- 
land ; he never married. 4. Thomas, married 
Mary Peale ; no issue. 5. James, of further 
mention. 6. Andrew, planter, of Cecil county, 
unmarried. 7. j\Iary, of previous mention. 

(II) Hon. George Read, eldest son of Col- 
onel John and l\Iary (Howell) Read, was 
born on the plantation in Cecil county, Mar}'- 
land, September 18, 1733. died in the Read 
colonial mansion in New Castle county, Dela- 
ware, September 21, 1798. He was, in a pe- 
culiar sense, father of the state of Delaware, 
for he was author of her first constitution, 
in 1776, and of the first edition of her laws. 
He figured in her assembly twelve years, was 
vice-president of the state, and at one time her 
acting chief magistrate. He penned the ad- 
dress from Delaware to the king, which so 
impressed George III. that Lord Shelboume 
said, "he read it over twice." He was one 
of the two, and the only southern statesman, 
who signed all three of the great state papers 
on which our history is based, viz. : the origi- 
nal petition to the king from the congress of 
1774, the Declaration of Independence, and 
the Constitution of the United States. He 
received a classical education under Dr. Fran- 
cis Allison, studied law, and was admitted 
to the Philadelphia bar at the age of nineteen. 
In 1754 he removed to New Castle, Delaware. 
He was appointed attorney-general of Dela- 
ware under the crown at the age of twenty- 
nine. He warned the British government of 
the danger of attempting to tax the colonies 
without giving them representation in Parlia- 
ment, and, finding no change in the attitude 
toward the colonies, he resigned his office 
and accepted a seat in the first congress which 
met at Philadelphia in 1774. He still hoped 
for reconciliation, and voted against the mo- 
tion for independence. But when he found 
the "die was cast," he signed the "Declara- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



491 



tion," and henceforth was the constant origi- 
nator and ardent supporter of measures in be- 
half of the colonial cause. 

He was president of the constitutional 
convention in 1776. In 1782 he was appointed 
by congress a judge in the national court of 
appeals in admiralty. In 1786 he was a dele- 
gate to the convention which met at Annapo- 
lis, IMaryland, and culminated in the calling 
together, 1787, of the Philadelphia conven- 
tion that framed the constitution of the United 
States. In this august body he was a promi- 
nent figure. After the adoption of the con- 
stitution, which Delaware was the first to rati- 
fy, he was elected to the LTnited States sen- 
ate, and at the expiration of his term he was 
re-elected. He resigned his seat in 1793, and 
became chief justice of Delaware, which high 
judicial office he held until his death. Hon. 
George Read was justly entitled to the pre- 
fix "Honorable." He was known by the plain 
class as "the honest lawyer." He was a 
man of the highest integrity, who gathered 
about him a large circle of warm friends, who 
looked to him for guidance and advice. A 
proof of his devotion to friendship was shown 
in the case of John Dickinson. The latter not 
only opposed the "Declaration," but refused 
to sign it, and thereby lost his popularity en- 
tirely. Through the friendship and political 
and personal influence of George Read, he was 
after a time restored to public life, became 
president successively of the states of Dela- 
ware and Pennsylvania, and one of the dele- 
gates to the convention that framed the na- 
tional constitution. There are three original 
portraits of Hon. George Read, of Delaware : 
one of these, by Trumbull, is in the historical 
painting, "The Declaration of Independence," 
which is in the capitol at Washington. He 
figures prominently in other historical pictures. 

January 11, 1763, Hon. George Read mar- 
ried Gertrude, died September 2, 1802, daugh- 
ter of Rev. George Ross, for nearly fifty 
years rector of Emanuel church, New Castle. 
A brother of Mrs. Read had been attorney- 
general of Delaware under the crown ; an- 
other, Rev. A. Ross, was celebrated as the au- 
thor of eloquent and patriotic sermons during 
the revolution, while still another brother, 
George Ross, was an eminent judge and signer 
of the Declaration of Independence. She was a 
descendant of Ross of Rosshire, Scotland, the 
ancient earls of Ross, and Rev. George Ross, 
the American ancestor who came to America 
in 1703 as a missionary of the Society for 
the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign 
Parts, located at New Castle, Delaware. The 
beautiful Read mansion, on the west bank of 
the Delaware, in New Castle, was the scene 



of elegant hospitality in its day. It was one 
of the family residences in the south. It 
was partially destroyed by fire in 1824, but 
was restored and is still standing. 

The children of George and Gertrude 
(Ross) Read were: i. John, died in infancy. 

2. George, for thirty years U. S. district at- 
torney of Delaware ; married Mary, daughter 
of General W^illiam Thompson, and had issue. 

3. William, consul-general of the kingdom of 
Naples ; married Anna McCall, and had issue. 

4. John, see forward. 5. Mary, only daugh- 
ter, married Matthew Pearce, and had issue. 

(II) Commodore Thomas Read, the first 
naval officer of that rank in command of the 
American fleet, was fourth child of Colonel 
John Read and his wife Mary Howell. He 
was born at the family home, New Castle, 
Delaware, 1740. On October 23, 1775, then 
being aged thirty-five, he was made commo- 
dore of the Pennsylvania navy, and had as 
fleet surgeon Dr. Benjamin Rush, later a 
signer of the Declaration of Independence. On 
June 7, 1776, he was appointed to the highest 
grade in the continental navy, and assigned 
to one of the four largest ships, the thirty-two- 
gun frigate "George Washington," then being 
built on the Delaware. His ship being still on 
the stocks, he volunteered for land service, 
and was directed by the commission of safety 
to join General Washington. He gave valu- 
able assistance in the celebrated "crossing of 
the Delaware" by Washington's army, and at 
the following battle of Trenton commanded 
a battery composed of guns taken from his 
own frigate, which raked the stone bridge 
across the Assanpink. After much service by 
sea and land, he resigned and retired to his 
country seat at White Hill, New Jersey, where 
he dispensed a constant hospitality, especially 
to his old associates in the Order of the Cin- 
cinnati, of which he was an original member. 
His friend, Robert Morris, the "financier of 
the Revolution," persuaded him to take com- 
mand of his old frigate, the "Alliance," which 
Morris had purchased, and make a joint ad- ' 
venture to Chinese seas. His first officer on 
the voyage was Richard Dale, afterward com- 
modore in the United States navy. He sailed 
for Canton, where he arrived safely, having 
discovered two islands, to which he gave the 
names "Alliance" and "Morris." They formed 
a part of the Caroline Islands, but the rights 
of Commodore Read's discovery have never 
been asserted. Returning to Philadelphia on 
the voyage home, he arrived September 17, 
1788, and, October 26 following, he died at 
his New Jersey home, aged forty-nine. Rob- 
ert Morris concluded his obituary of him 
in these words : "While integrity, benevolence, 



492 



HUDSON AND MOHA\\'K \' ALLEYS 



patriotism and courage, united with the most 
gentle manners, are respected among men, the 
name of this valuable citizen and soldier will 
be revered and loved." Commodore Read 
married, September 7, 1779, at his home in 
White Hill, New Jersey, Mrs. ]\Iary Field 
(maiden name Peale) ; he left no descendants. 

(H) Colonel James Read, fifth son of 
Colonel John and Mary (Howell) Read, was 
born at the family home in New Castle 
county, Delaware, 1743, died in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, December 31, 1822. He was 
the youngest of the three sons of Colonel 
John Read who were so prominently and in- 
timately connected with the revolutionary 
period of our country's history. He had a 
distinguished military, official and civil career. 
He was regularly promoted from first lieu- 
tenant to colonel for gallant service at the 
battles of Trenton, Princeton, Brandywine 
and Germantown. He was first lieutenant of 
Delaney's company of Philadelphia "associa- 
tors" (volunteers), whose first service was 
with Washington on that memorable Christ- 
mas night in 1776, which preceded the victory 
at Trenton. He was appointed by congress 
November 4, 1778, one of the three commis- 
sioners of the navy for the middle states, and 
on January 11, 1781, congress invested him 
with sole power to conduct the navy board. 
After the war was over and his naval accounts 
settled, Colonel Read was in business in Phila- 
delphia, where he held many important pub- 
lic and private positions. He was flour in- 
spector ; one of the four commissioners to set- 
tle the conflicting claims of Connecticut and 
Pennsylvania, concerning large tracts of land 
in Pennsylvania ; member of the select council 
for many years ; director of the City Library 
Company and the Bank of North America'; 
and president of the Mutual Assurance Com- 
pany against fire. He was a communicant of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia. 
He faithfully served his God and his country, 
dying, as he had lived, without fear and with- 
out reproach. Colonel Read married, about 
1772, Susan Corey, of Philadelphia. They 
had one daughter, Maria, died at the age of 
twenty-five ; two others died in infancy. 

(HI) Hon. John (2), fourth son of Hon. 
George ("The Signer") and Gertrude (Ross) 
Read, was born in the Read mansion, New 
Castle, Delaware, July 17, 1796. Pie studied 
law with his father, was admitted to the bar, 
and removed to Philadelphia, where he mar- 
ried. He was appointed by President John 
Adams, in 1797. agent general of the United 
States under Jay's treaty. He was continued 
in this important office under President Thom- 
as Jefferson until 1809. He published at this 



time a volume entitled "British Debts." He 
was city solicitor of Philadelphia, member of 
both common and select councils, and in 1812 
active in the defense of the Delaware against 
British invasion. He was state senator 1816- 
17, appointed by the Pennsylvania legislature 
as state director of the Philadelphia Bank, 
and later became president, serving until 1841. 
He was an active churchman, and prominent 
in the national councils of the Protestant 
Episcopal church. He was for many years 
rector's warden of Christ Church, St. Peter's, 
and St. James. His humanity and philan- 
thropy were manifest during the yellow fever 
outbreak in Philadelphia in 1793, when he 
contributed most liberally from his purse, and 
exposed his life throughout the whole course 
of the epidemic in behalf of his suffering fel- 
lowmen. His home was on the south side of 
Chestnut street, Philadelphia, between Sev- 
enth and Eighth streets. Like his father, he 
was a collector and reader of rare books. In 
his latter days he would relate with dramatic 
force the incidents of his childhood, which 
was passed amid the most stirring scenes of 
the revolution. His portrait, by Sully, shows 
him in his mature years. Hon. John Read 
married, 1796, Martha, eldest daughter of 
General Samuel Meredith, ex-treasurer of the 
United States. This marriage allied the an- 
cient families of Read, Ross and Meredith. 
George Clymer, a signer of the Declaration 
of Independence, and a framer of the Con- 
stitution of the LTnited States, was an uncle 
of Martha Meredith Read. Her mother was 
a daughter of Dr. Thomas, sister of General 
John and Colonel Lambert Cadwalader. Her 
grandfather, Reese, son of Reese Meredith, 
of the county of Radnor, was born in Wales, 
1705, emigrated to Philadelphia, 1727, and 
married the daughter of Samuel Carpenter, 
proprietor of the "Slate Roof House," part- 
ner of William Penn, and one of the execu- 
tors of his will. Reese Meredith descended 
from the very ancient Cambrian family of 
Meredith, to which belong Lord Athlumney 
and Baron Meredith, and the Merediths, baro- 
nets of Greenhills and Carlandstown, county 
Meath, Ireland. He was one of the wealthiest 
men of his day. There were born to Hon. 
John Read and wife five children, who 
were all taken, in accordance with ancient 
family custom, to Emanuel Church. New 
Castle, to be baptized: i. John Meredith: see 
forward. 2. Edward, died in infancy. 3. 
Henry Meredith, A.M.. M.D., graduate of 
Princeton (1820) and of the medical school. 
University of Pennsylvania. He was of bril- 
liant promise, but died i\Iarch 16, 1826, aged 
twenty-six years, unmarried. 4. Margaret 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



493 



Meredith, died in infancy. 5. Margaret 
Meredith, a woman of rare accomphshments 
and a society favorite, died March 13, 1854, 
unmarried, in her forty-eiglith year. 

(IV) Hon. John Meredith Read, LL.D., 
eldest son of Hon. John (2) and Martha 
(IMeredith) Read, was born in Chestnut 
street, Philadelphia, two doors above Fifth 
street, opposite Independence Hall, July 21, 
1797, and died in the same city, November 29, 
1874. He was a "great jurist and a wise 
statesman." He was graduated at the UuIt 
versity of Pennsylvania, at the age of fifteen, 
was admitted to the bar, 1818, elected to the 
Pennsylvania legislature, 1822, and again, 
1823. He was city solicitor of Philadelphia, 
and a member of the select council. He was 
appointed United States district attorney of 
the eastern district of Pennsylvania, 1837, 
and held that office eight years. He was so- 
licitor general of the treasury department, and 
attorney general of Pennsylvania. Although 
his family were eminent and powerful Feder- 
alists, he early became a Democrat, and one 
of the founders of the "Free Soil" wing of 
that party. This militated against him in 
1845, when he was nominated to the senate 
as judge of the United States supreme court, 
for the southern senators opposed his confir- 
mation and he earnestly requested the presi- 
dent to withdraw his name. He was an early 
and effective advocate of the annexation of 
Texas, and the building of railroads to the 
Pacific. He powerfully assisted President 
Jackson in his war against the United States 
Bank, yet after its downfall was requested by 
Nicholas Biddle to become his counsel. In 
the celebrated trial of Castner Hanway for 
treason, Judge Read was engaged with Hon. 
Thaddeus Stevens and Judge Joseph J. Lewis 
for the defendant, and made such a masterly 
argument that Mr. Stevens said he could add 
nothing, for his colleague's speech had "set- 
tled the law of treason in this country." This 
great triumph gave Judge Read an inter- 
national reputation, and English jurists paid 
the highest compliments to his genius and 
learning. At the Democratic convention held 
in Pittsburg (1840) he offered a resolution 
against the extension of slavery, which con- 
cluded with these remarkable words : "Es- 
teeming it a violation of states rights to carry 
it (slavery) beyond state limits, we deny the 
power of any citizen to extend the area of 
bondage beyond the present dimension ; nor 
do we consider it a part of the constitution 
that slavery should forever travel with the 
advancing column of our territorial progress." 
Holding such strong views, he naturally be- 
came a founder of the Republican party. He 



delivered in Philadelphia, at the beginning of 
the campaign of 1856, his celebrated speech 
upon the "Power of Congress over Slavery in 
our Territories." striking a keynote that re- 
sounded through the campaign. Under the 
lead of Judge Read the Republican party 
gained its first victory in Pennsylvania, for 
he was elected judge of the supreme court 
by a majority of thirty thousand. This 
brought him prominently forward as a can- 
didate for the presidency, an arrangement op- 
posed by Simon Cameron. In the Pennsyl- 
vania Republican convention. Judge Read's 
supporters were defeated. In the Chicago 
convention he received some votes, although 
he had thrown his influence in favor of Lin- 
coln. The decisions of Judge Read run 
through forty-one volumes of reports. He 
was a most learned and able judge. His 
opinion was the basis of the act of March 31, 
1863, authorizing the president during the Re- 
bellion to suspend the writ of Iiabeas corpus. 
His decision relieved the land in "Indepen- 
dence Square" from taxation forever. He de- 
nied an injunction to prevent running of street 
cars on Sundays, saying he would not stop the 
"poor man's carriage." He was a gentleman 
of the old school, of the highest sense of 
honor, of great dignity of character, and in 
social intercourse kind, affable and courteous. 
He was a man of the strictest integrity, des- 
pising everything that was low and vile. He 
lived up to the high traditions of his race, 
and was one of the worthiest descendants of 
Colonel John Read, of Delaware. 

Chief Justice Read was grand master of 
Masons of Pennsylvania; and grand high 
priest of the grand chapter ; his grandfather. 
Dr. Thomas Cadwalader, was one of the 
founders of Masonry in the province, and his 
own family, the Reads, had filled the highest 
offices in Masonry in Delaware. The best 
likeness of Judge Read is a miniature by 
Henry Brown, which was admirably engraved 
by Samuel Sartain. The Loudon Graphic 
published a copy of this engraving of Judge 
Read, with a spirited notice written by his 
kinsman. Charles Reade, the English novelist. 
Chief Justice Read married (first), March 
20, 1828, Priscilla, daughter of Hon. J. Mar- 
shal, of Boston, born December 19, 1808, died 
in Philadelphia, April 18, 1841. She was 
granddaughter of Lieutenant Alarshal, of the 
Revolutionary army, and eighth in descent 
from a captain in Cromwell's army who was 
promoted for bravery at the siege of Leicester 
and the battles of Marston Moor and Naseby. 
Mrs. Read and her sister Emily Marshal 
were celebrated belles of their day. By his 
first wife, Priscilla Marshal, Chief Justice 



494 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK A'ALLEYS 



Read had six daughters, only one of whom 
survived infancy, Emily Marshal Read, who 
married, in 1849, William Henry Hyde, who 
died leaving only one daughter, Emma H. 
Hyde, who married George W. Wurts, first 
secretary of legation and charge d'afifairs of the 
United States at Rome. He had also a son. 
General John Meredith Read, later United 
States minister to Greece (see forward). 
Chief Justice Read married (second) Amelia, 
daughter of Edward Thompson, and sister 
of Hon. John R. Thompson, of New Jersey, 
and Admiral Edward Thompson, of the 
United States navy. She survived him twelve 
years, dying September 14, 1886, without 
issue. 

(V) General John Meredith (2), son of 
Chief Justice John Meredith (i) and his first 
wife, Priscilla (Marshall) Read, was born in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 21, 
1837. His preparatory education was ob- 
tained at the military school. He was gradu- 
ated from Brown University, A. M., class of 
1859, and later at the Albany Law School, 
LL.B. He studied civil and international law 
in Europe, was admitted to the Philadelphia 
bar, and removed to Albany, New York, at 
the age of eighteen. While at Brown he 
commanded a company of national cadets 
which afterwards furnished many commis- 
sioned officers to the United States army dur- 
ing the rebellion. At twenty he was ap- 
pointed aide-de-camp to the governor of 
Rhode Island, with the rank of colonel. He 
engaged actively in the presidential campaign 
of 1856, and in i860 organized the "Wide 
Awake" movement in New York, that carried 
that state for Lincoln. At the age of twenty- 
three he was appointed adjutant general of 
New York, with the rank of brigadier gen- 
eral. When Fort Sumter was fired upon. 
General Read was appointed chairman of a 
committee of three to draft a bill appropriat- 
ing three million dollars for the purchase of 
arms and equipments. He afterwards re- 
ceived the thanks of the war department of 
the United States for his ''energy, ability and 
zeal" in the organization and equipment of 
troops during the war. In 1868 he took a 
leading part in the election of General Grant 
to the presidency, who appointed him consul- 
general of the United States for France and 
Algeria, to reside in Paris. General Read 
also acted as consul-general in Germany dur- 
ing the Franco-Prussian war, and for a period 
of nineteen months directed all the con- 
sular affairs of that empire in France, includ- 
ing the protection of German subjects and in- 
terests during the first and second sieges of 
Paris, 1870-71. For his services during this 



trying period he received the commendation of 
the president of the United States (General 
Grant), the repeated thanks of both the 
French and German governments, and the 
personal thanks of Prince Bismarck. The em- 
peror himself desired to confer upon him an 
order of knighthood and a rare, costly service 
of Dresden china. A resolution to allow the 
acceptance of these gifts failed to pass Con- 
gress, so the emperor's intention could not be 
carried out. Four years after he had ceased 
to act for Germany, Prince Bismarck sent him 
his likeness with a complimentary autograph 
dedication. In France his popularity was 
great. He was invited by the French minis- 
ter of war to preside over a commission to 
examine into the expediency of introducing 
the English language in the French army. 
For this again he received the thanks of the 
French government. On November 7, 1873, 
General Read was appointed United States 
minister to Greece. During his mission there 
he performed many important official acts that 
called for the encomiums of his own govern- 
ment and of Greece, and secured- him the 
personal friendship of King George of Greece 
and his sister, Queen Alexandra, of Great 
Britain. For his untiring efforts in pleading 
the cause of Greece before the courts of Eu- 
rope, and which resulted in the return to 
Greece by the Berlin Congress of her ancient 
possessions. King George created him a knight 
grand cross of the Order of the Redeemer, 
the highest dignity in the gift of the Greek 
government. For his services to his own 
country during the war of the secession, he 
was named honorary champion of the mili- 
tary Order of the Loyal Legion. 

General Read revisited his native land in 
1874, and was honored by all political parties, 
banquets being given in his honor at Wash- 
ington, Philadelphia and New York, while 
at Albany a complimentary dinner was given 
him. In England he received marked courtesy 
at the hands of the queen and members of 
the royal family. For his literary and scien- 
tific services he received the thanks of the 
state department of the United States, the 
National Academy of Design, the English 
East India Company, the Russia Company, 
the Society of Antiquaries, the Archaeological 
Society of Greece, and the French Academy. 
He was president of the American Social 
Science congress at Albany, 1868, and vice- 
president of the British congress of the same 
at Plymouth, 1870. He was an honorary 
member of a great number of learned socie- 
ties. In America he had embraced Masonry, 
attaining the thirty-second degree. He was 
author of many public addresses, official re- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



495 



ports, learned papers, and an important his- 
torical inquiry concerning Henry Hudson, dis- 
coverer of the Hudson river. The official 
■organ of the prime minister of Greece said : 
"The departure of General Read from Greece 
has called forth universal regrets." The sec- 
retary of state, in an official paper, said : 
"The manner in which you have conducted 
the duties as minister of this government in 
Greece has been such as to merit hearty ap- 
proval. . . . Your performance of the deli- 
cate and important duties of consul-general in 
Paris during the Franco-German war was 
such as to call forth not only the approbation 
of your own government, but also of the 
French and German authorities." 

General Read married, at Albany, New 
York, April 7, 1859, Delphine Marie, daugh- 
ter of Harmon Pumpelly, of Albany, whose 
father, John Pumpelly, born 1727, served with 
distinction in the early French and Indian 
wars, was present at the siege of Louisburg, 
and was at the side of Wolfe when he fell 
mortally wounded on the Heights of Abra- 
ham, in 1759. He served in the Revolution, 
and died in 1820, at the great age of ninety- 
three. Harmon Pumpelly. born in Salisbury, 
Connecticut, August 5, 1795, died in Albany, 
New York, September 29, 1882. His elder 
"brothers, James, Charles, and William, like 
him reached an advanced age, were noted 
for their wealth, philanthropy and public spir- 
it. Harmon Pumpelly was largely interested 
in all the most important institutions and en- 
terprises of central and western New York, 
and his home was the seat of refined and un- 
remitting hospitality. Mrs. General Meredith 
Read, one of the most beautiful women of 
her day, was as popular at Athens as she had 
been in Paris, and her salon in both capitols 
was a center of American and European 
fashion and culture. She displayed her cour- 
age and humanity in the trying hours of the 
Franco-German war. When Paris was in the 
hands of the commune, she remained with her 
hushand, and faced the terrible dangers of that 
time. They had four children: Major Har- 
mon Pumpelly ; John Meredith ; Emily Mere- 
dith ; Marie Delphine JMeredith. 

(\T) Harmon Pumpelly, eldest son of Gen- 
eral John Meredith (2) and Delphine Marie 
(Pumpelly) Read, was born at Albany, New 
York, July 13, i860. He was educated at 
Paris and Athens, St. John's Military School, 
at Sing Sing, New York, and Trinity College, 
Hartford, Connecticut. He became a member 
of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, a 
New York Fellow of the Royal Geographical 
Society of London, and of the Geographical 
Society of Paris. He has devoted much time 



to historical research, and is author of "Ros- 
siana," an exhaustive history of the Ross, 
Read, and related families ; it is from this book 
that the material for the sketch was largely 
obtained ; and is the author of a very rare 
book on the Pumpelly Family and of a pedi- 
gree of the Read Family. Major Read is the 
highest authority on symbolism and heraldry 
in the United States, and has written many 
reliable papers published in the newspapers 
and other publications. He ran for member 
of assembly in one of the strongest Demo- 
cratic districts, and, though defeated, re- 
ceived a very large vote. He is an eminent 
Mason, and one of the most learned members 
of the craft in Masonic history and symbolism. 
He has attained the thirty-second degree, Scot- 
tish Rite, and captain general. Knights of the 
Golden Cord, Ancient French Rite. He 
comes from a family highly distinguished in 
Masonry. His grandfather. Chief Justice 
Read, was grand master of Pennsylvania, and 
his cousin, Hon. William Thompson Read, 
grand master of Delaware. His father re- 
ceived the highest degree in Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry, the thirty-third degree, in Greece. His 
ancestor in the sixth degree. Dr. Thomas Cad- 
walader, was one of the founders of the first 
Masonic lodge in America. Major Read was 
for three years regent of Philip Livingston 
Chapter, Sons of the Revolution. He is an 
active and influential member of the Republi- 
can party, and interested in the National 
Guard of his state. He was inspector of rifle 
practice of New York with the rank of major. 
He was president of the Young Men's Asso- 
ciation of Albany, an honor to which some 
of the most eminent men in the state have 
aspired. It was under his administration that 
the Harmanus Bleecker fund was given to the 
association. He was acting chairman of the 
committee appointed by the mayor to receive 
and entertain the Duke of Veragua when he 
visited the city, and was secretary of the com- 
mittee to receive the postal congress. He is 
captain and governor-general of the Knights 
of Albion, member of the Order. of the Cin- 
cinnati of Delaware, Descendants of the Sign- 
ers and of the Mayflower Descendants, and of 
the Society of Colonial Wars. He is the 
first national guard officer to receive official 
recognition as such in France. Major Read 
married Marguerite de Carron d'Allondans, of 
an ancient French family. 

(VI) John Meredith, second son of General 
John Meredith Read, was born at Albany, 
New York, June 27, 1869. He is a member 
of the historical societies of Pennsylvania and 
New York. During the Spanish-American 
war, he recruited a regiment of 2,700 men, 800 



496 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



of whom were from Albany. He married 
Countess Alix de Foras, of ancient French 
family, and has a son, John Meredith Read. 

(Vi) Emily ]\Ieredith, eldest daughter of 
General John 'Meredith Read, was married at 
her father's residence, Newport, Rhode Island, 
August 21, 1884, to Hon. Francis Aquilla 
Stout, of New York. She married (second) 
Edwards 'Spencer, descendant of Jonathan 
Edwards. 

(VI) Marie Delphine IMeredith, youngest 
daughter of General John Meredith Read, was 
born in Paris, France, where her father was 
United States consul-general, and was chris- 
tened in the American Episcopal Church in 
the Rue Bayard, her godfather being Sir Ber- 
nard Burke. She married Count Max de Fo- 
ras, of the castles of Marclaz and Thuyset; 
they have three children: Countess Hugette, 
Countess Delphine, and Count Joseph. The 
arms of the Foras family are: or a cross 
azure; of the de Carron d'Allondans ; azure, 
three titles or ; crest, out of a coronet an 
eagle displayed, bearing on its breast a tile; 
of'the Read family: gules, a saltire, between 
four garbs; or crest on the stumps of a tree, 
very a falcon, rising belled and jessed or. 
Motto: Cedant arma togae. 

Nearly two hundred years have elapsed 
since Colonel John Read settled in Delaware. 
During that period his direct descendants have 
been of the highest prominence in the general 
court and in the three states, Delaware, Penn- 
sylvania and New York. While the collateral 
oV related families may be found in every 
state, the family is a justly honored one, a 
statement fully proven by the foregoing pages. 

The English home of the 
;MAR\TN ]\Iarvins, for a century and a 

half prior to the emigration to 
America, was in the county of Essex. A hun- 
dred years before that there were several 
Marvin families living in and near Ipswich, 
Suffolk. The authentic family record traces 
to Roger Marvin, of St. Stephens parish, Ips- 
wich, who was born as early as 1430. The 
American ancestor of the Albany family was 
Reinold Marvin, spelled in the Connecticut 
records, Reginold, Reignold, Reynold, Reinold 
and Renald. Between Roger ]\Iarvin (1430) 
and Reinold (2) (1593) there were four gen- 
erations, or Reinold was of the sixth genera- 
tion in England, thus: i. Roger, ii. John (l). 
iii. John (2). iv. Reinold (i). v. Edward. 
vi. Reinold (2). The ancestors were "Yeo- 
men," owning the lands they occupied, and 
many derived income from tenants who held 
under them. Edward, father of Reinold, was 
bom in Ramsey, about the year 1550. He 



was a man of considerable wealth, owning 
lands in other parishes, which he bequeathed 

to his sons. His wife was Margaret , 

who survived him. He died in Great Bent- 
ley and was buried in St. INIary's churchyard, 
of that parish. His will names children : Ed- 
ward, Thomas, Richard, Robert, John, Rem- 
old Elizabeth and Matthew. Of these the 
first to come to America was ]\Iatthew, who 
took passage for New England in the ship 
"Increase," Robert Lea, master, with his fam- 
ily, April 15, 1635. He was one of the twelve 
verv earliest emigrants whose names are 
known among the settlers in Hartford, Con- 
necticut who formed the company thereafter 
known as the "Adventurers." In 1650 he lo- 
cated in Norwalk, Connecticut. It was said 
of him two hundred years later, "The name of 
Matthew ^larvin is inscribed on almost every 
page of Norwalk's early history. He was a 
Prrritan bv blood . . . Devout discreet 
calm, sound in judgment, he gained and held 
the confidence of his fellow citizens and dis- 
charo-ed for them many offices of civil life. 
His first wife was Elizabeth, whom he mar- 
ried in England; his second was ^Irs. Ahce 
Bouton, widow of John, of Hartford. 

(I) Reinold Marvin, the emigrant ances- 
tor son of Edward and IMargaret Marvin, was 
baptized in St. Mary's Church, Great Bentley, 
Essex, England, June 7, 1593. died m Lyme, 
Connecticut, in 1662. He resided m his na- 
tive parish until just before his departure for 
New England, where his brother ?\Iatthew had 
preceded" him. The date of his sailing or the 
name of the ship is not known. The last 
mention of him in Great Bentley was m 1637 ; 
he appears in Hartford. Connecticut, in 1638, 
which approximately establishes the date. His 
name appears on a list of Hartford land- 
owners in 1639-40. He removed to Farming- 
ton Connecticut, where he built a house. _ He 
next removed to Saybrook, Connecticut, 
where he was made a freeman. May 20. 1658. 
He is frequently named in the colonial rec- 
ords of Connecticut. He held no public of- 
fice, but is stvled "IMr. Reynold Marvin. 
Lyme, just across the Connecticut river from 
Saybrook, was made a distinct town in May, 
1667. Its meadows and cornfields had been 
cultivated bv armed men from Saybrook, 
among whorn no doubt were Reinold and his 
son. ""He built a house in Lyme, retaining 
his home lot and considerable property m 
Savbrook. At his death his largest holdings 
we're in Lvme. The value of his estate, £820, 
was a large sum for that period of colonial 
historv. He married, probably in 1617 or 18, 

Marie • , She died in Lyme, not long 

before her husband, as is evident from liis 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



497 



will. Her death was attributed to "Witch 
Craft." At a quarter court held at Hartford, 
September 5, 1661, Nicholas Jennings and his 
wife Margaret, of Saybrook, were indicted 
for "having entertained familiarity with Sa- 
than . . . and by his help done works of 
above, ye course of nature, to ye loss of ye 
lives of several persons and in priculer ye 
wife of Reinold Marvin, with sorceries." The 
jury did not agree; "the majority of them 
found them guilty and the rest, strong ground 
for suspicion." Children, all born in England, 
with baptismal dates: i. William, Novem- 
ber 4, 1618. 2. Elizabeth, April 19, 1621. 3. 
Mary, October 27, 1622. 4. John, buried 
March 16, 1626. 5. Elizabeth, baptized April 
29, 1627. 6. Sara Marie, July 22, 1629. 7. 
Reinold ; see forward. 8. Abigail, May 4, 
1634. 9. Mar}', October 23, 1636, married, 
about 1663, Ensign Samuel Collins; died 
March 5, 1713-14. 

(H) The St. Mary's registers thus have 
record of the baptism of Reinold Marvin — 
"Reinold, the sonne of Edward Mervin and 
Mary his Wyffe, was christened the 20th of 
Dec in Anno 1631." He died in Lyme, Con- 
necticut, August 4, 1676. He became a free- 
man of Saybrook, May 20, 1658, the same 
day with his father. He owned much land 
in Saybrook and Lyme. By his inheritance 
under his father's will he became about the 
richest man in the town. Savage says he was 
a deacon of the church. This probably refers to 
his son Reinold, as the Lyme church was not 
regularly formed until 1693, although the 
Rev. Moses Noyes preached there regularly 
in 1666. He represented Lyme in the gen- 
eral court in 1670, and from 1672 until his 
death. His military title lieutenant, was 
earned; he was appointed "Sergeant to ye 
band at Sea Brook" by the general court at 
Hartford, October 3, 1661, and on the death 
of Lieutenant Waller succeeded to that rank. 
Though ranking as lieutenant, he was com- 
manding ofificer to the train band, as Lyme 
had not families enough to form a full band 
of sixty-four soldiers with captain and offi- 
cers. The Lyme and Saybrook train bands 
had some military experience under Lieuten- 
ant Marvin. War had been declared against 
the Dutch in November, 1672, and a special 
session convened at Hartford ordered that 
all train bands "should be complete in their 
arms." In July, 1676, Andros attempted to 
seize the fort at Saybrook, and it was hur- 
riedly manned by the train bands. Lieuten- 
ant Reinold is often mentioned in the Con- 
necticut colonial records. He married, about 
1662, Sarah, third daughter of George. Jr., 
and Sarah Clark. She was baptized Febru- 



ary 18, 1643-44, in Milford, Connecticut. 
She survived her husband and married Cap- 
tain Joseph Sill, the noted Indian fighter. 
She died in Lyme February i, 1715-16, and is 
buried in the Duck river burying-ground with 
her two husbands. It is in this Virial place 
that it is supposed Reinold, the emigrant, and 
his wife are buried. The children of Lieu- 
tenant Reinold and Sarah (Clark) Marvin, 
all born in Lyme, Connecticut, were: i. John, 
1664-65: 2. Reinold (3); see forward. 3. 
Samuel, 1671. 4. Sarah, 1673. 

(HI) Captain Reinold (3), son of Lieu- 
tenant Reinold (2) and Sarah (Clark) Mar- 
vin, was born in 1669, in Lyme, Connecticut, 
died there October 18, 1737. He was chosen 
one of the first two deacons in the First Con- 
gregational Church, Lyme, when it was 
formed, March 27, 1693, but he is more fre- 
quently referred to in the later town records 
by his military title. He was sergeant of the 
Lyme train band as early as 1702 and prob- 
ably held that position until 1712, when he 
was appointed ensign. On J\Iay 8, 1718, the 
legislature established and confirmed Mr. Rei- 
nold Marvin to be captain of the first train 
band or company in Lyme. He was chosen 
townsman in 1697, 1702-03-05-06; first towns- 
man in 1707-22-25-28-31-32. He was con- 
stable in 1694; collector of rates, 1713-14; 
grand juryman, 1714-35; sealer of weights 
and measures, 1715; lister, 1729; moderator, 
1721-23-24, and was on numerous important 
committees. April 28, 1718, when there was 
a vacancy in the office of minister, the town 
appointed "Reinold and Samuel Marvin on 
committee to agree with Samuel Ruswell to 
settle in this town in the work of the minis- 
try." He represented Lyme in the general 
court most of the time from 171 1 to 1728, 
inclusive, a period of continual service that 
shows the estimation in which he was held 
by his townsmen. In the colonial records of 
the state, from 1706 onward, tliere are fre- 
quent references to him. The tombstones of 
Captain Reinold Marvin and his two wives 
are still standing in excellent preservation in 
the Duck river burying-ground. He married 
(first), about 1696, Phebe, daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Thomas and Mary (De\Volf ) Lee, born 
August 14, 1677, in Lyme, died there Oc- 
tober 27, 1707; married (second), June 30, 
1709. Martha, daughter of Sergeant Thomas 
and Miriam (Tracy) Waterman, born De- 
cember, 1680. in Norwich, Connecticut, died 
November 18, 1753, in Lyme. Children, born 
in Lyme, by first wife: i. Phebe, born De- 
cember 3, 1696, married (first), about 1714- 
15, Samuel De Wolf; (second), August 22, 
1716, Nathaniel Kirtland; died May 31, 



HUDSON AKD ^^lOHAWK VALLEYS 



1747. 2. Reinold; see forward. 3. Daniel, 

January 24, 1701-02, married , and had 

children; died about 1770. 4- Lydia, January 
12. 1703-4. married, June 16, 1726, Captam 
PhiHp Kirtland. 5. Hester, April 3, 1707, 
married (first), December 28, 1727, Thomas 
Lord; (second) Jonathan Emmons; she died 
February 3, 1792. Children by second wife: 
6. Martha, born April 3, 1710, married, April 
4, 1732, Reinold Beckwith; she died July 26, 
1742. 7. Elisha, April 26, 171 1, died in in- 
fancy. 8. James, Way 26, 1713, married. 
May 25, 1737, Ruth Mather; he died April 
3, 1769. 9. Sarah, March 8, 1715-16, mar- 
ried, March 16, 1742, George Dorr; she died 
about 1792. 10. EHsha, March 8, 1717-18, 
married, May 17, 1739, Catherine Mather; 
died December 31, 1801. 11. Miriam, born 
March, 1719-20, married February i, 1738, 
Captain Samuel Beckwith. 

(IV) Deacon Reinold (4) Marvin, son of 
Captain Reinold (3) and Phebe (Lee) Mar- 
vin, was born in Lyme, Connecticut, January, 
1698-99, died there February 24, 1761. He 
owned land in Colchester. He was chosen 
deacon of the Lyme church, January, 1741, 
having been admitted a member in June, 
1731. Like his father he held military as 
well as ecclesiastical office, having been con- 
firmed as lieutenant of the "South company 
or train band" of Lyme, in October, 1730. 
He is also spoken of as Captain Marvin. He 
was admitted freeman September 14, 1731 ; 
chosen sealer of weights and measures in 
1729; town treasurer, December, 1734, and 
"to have £20 for making the town and coun- 
try rate"; grand juryman, 1736; surveyor of 
highways, 1738; lister, 1739, in which year 
the town granted him liberty to build a wharf 
on the east side of "Lieutenant River" ; in 
1750 he had liberty to build a pound on his 
land adjoining the highway, and was appoint- 
ed keeper. The church records show that he 
sometimes laid himself open to the strict dis- 
cipline of the time, but he held his office "in 
good and regular standing" to the close of 
his life. He married (first), December 23, 
1725, his cousin, Sarah, daughter of John 
]\Iarvin, and widow of John Lay; married 
(second), July 7, 1746, Mrs. Mary Kellogg, 
daughter of John Niles, and widow of Jona- 
than Kellogg, of Colchester, Connecticut, 
born June 20, 1716, died March 9, 1812. 
Children by first wife: i. Reinold, born Oc- 
tober 23, 1726, married, February 23, 1763, 
Ruth Welch ; died July 30, 1802. 2. Phebe, 
March 18, 1727-28, married, January 11, 
1747, Jonathan Gillett. 3. Daniel; see for- 
ward. 4. Lydia, September 14, 1733. mar- 
ried, April 19, 1753, Josiah Gates; died June 



ID, 1775. Children by second wife: 5. Ann, 
September 30, 1748, died January 9, 1749. 
6. Eve, twin to Ann, married, April 13, 1769. 
Lieutenant Christopher Ely; died 1770-71. 7. 
Sarah, about December, 1751, married, No- 
vember 24, 1774, Captain Samuel Ely; died 
January 22, 1777. 8. Esther, February 14, 
1755, died 1778. 9. Judith, April 16, 1757, 

married, August 5, 1779, Peck; died 

March 13, 1788. 

(V) Captain Daniel ^larvin, son of Deacon 
Reinold (4) and Sarah (iNIarvin-Lay) Mar- 
vin, was born January 2, 1730-31, in Lyme, 
Connecticut, died there December 30, 1776. 
In May, 1767, he was on the committee for 
managing certain funds directed to the use 
of the Lyme schools. He was appointed en- 
sign of the first train band of Lyme, October 
I, 1767; lieutenant. May, 1771, and captain. 
May, 1772. In j\Iay, 1773, he was appointed 
one of a special commission on the condi- 
tion of the fisheries of Lyme. He was select- 
man in 1773-74-75. He married, October 14, 
1762. jMehitable, daughter of Captain Samuel 
and Deborah (Dudley) Selden, of Lyme; she 
was baptized December 4, 1743. Children: 
I. Reinold, born July 21, 1763, died Decem- 
ber 10, 1767. 2. Daniel, October 15, 1765, 
married (first), April 26, 1791, Huldah 
Mather; (second), April 22, 1819, Mrs. Hep- 
zibah (Mather) Leach, sister of his first wife; 
he died September 4, 1847. 3. Reinold, 
March 21, 1769, married, about 1794-95, Ma- 
bel Bushnell ; died 1812. 4. Sarah, September 
21, 1771, married, January 9, 1791, Joel 
Pratt; died January 27, 1813. 5. Selden; see 
forward. 6. James, May 16, 1776, died No- 
vember 6, 1779. 

(VI) Selden, son of Captain Daniel and 
Mehitable (Selden) Marvin, was born No- 
vember 24, 1773, in Lyme, Connecticut, died 
September, 1832, in Dryden, Tompkins coun- 
ty, New York. He removed to Fairfield, 
Herkimer county, New^ York, and about 
1808-09 went to Dryden, "where he cleared 
a farm in the forest." He was a farmer by 
occupation. For many years he served as 
trustee of the schools in Dryden. In poli- 
tics he was an active member of the Feder- 
alists, and in religion took an active part in 
the Methodist church. He married (first), 
1798, Charlotte, daughter of Benjamin and 
Sibyl (Stowe) Pratt, of Saybrook, Connecti- 
cut, born about 1779, died 1816; married 
(second), 1818, Mrs. Elizabeth (Patrick) 
Vandenberg, born in Saratoga, New York. 
Children of first wife: i. Erastus Selden, 
born September, 1799, married, 1831, Mary 
Hebbard, of Homer. New York ; died Au- 
gust, 1832. 2. Sibyl, May 4, 1801, married. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



499' 



September 14, 1829, Dr. Theodore Augustine 
Linckney; died February 18, 1887. 3. Rich- 
ard Pratt; see forward. 4. Charlotte, 1805, 
died 1813. 5. William, April 14, 1808, mar- 
ried (first), October 15, 1846, Harriet New- 
ell; (second), July 11, 1866, Elizabeth, widow 
of William H. Jewett, and daughter of John 
Riddle; he died July g, 1902. 6. Sarah, 1810, 
married (first), 1829, Alonzo Guile; (sec- 
ond), 1833, Addison Lakor ; she died 1833. 
7. Mary Ann, April, 1814, married, 1833, 
William Hildreth ; died June 21, 1843. Chil- 
dren by second wife : 8. Mary, 1819, married 
Alexander Hodge. 9. Chauncey, 182 1, mar- 
ried, 1844, Mary Lane; died August 18, 1880. 
10. Charles Henry, December 22, 1822, mar- 
ried, July 27, 1850, Charlotte M. French; 
died April 14, 1892. 11. George Wesley, 
September 22, 1826. 12. Harrison, Novem- 
ber 6, 1827, married, May 29, 1854, Kate A. 
Murdock ; served in Civil war. 13. Harriet, 
April 19, 1830, married, September 11, 1849, 
William Farmer. 14. Elizabeth, 1832, un- 
married. 

(VH) Hon. Richard Pratt Marvin, son of 
Selden and Charlotte (Pratt) Marvin, born 
December 23, 1803, in Fairfield, Herkimer 
county. New York, died January 11, 1892, 
in Jamestown, Chautauqua county, New 
York. His boyhood was passed on his 
father's farm in Dryden, New York. He 
was studious and made the most of his op- 
portunities; he became a teacher, devoting 
his leisure hours to reading English classics 
and history. The only study in which he had 
instruction was Latin. -In 1826 he began 
the study of law in the office of Hon. Mark 
H. Sibley, of Canandaigua, New York. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1829, and estab- 
lished himself in Jamestown, where he re- 
sided until his death. In 1835 he was elected 
to the state assembly, and in 1836 and 1838 
to congress. In 1846 he was one of the con- 
vention to amend the state constitution. 
Later, in 1847, he was elected one of the jus- 
tices of the superior court, and occupied a 
seat on the bench for more than twenty-four 
years, serving two years as one of the justices 
of the court of appeals. In 1874 he delivered 
an historical address at a reunion of the old 
settlers of Chautauqua county, portions of 
which are printed in the county history. He 
married, September 8, 1834, Isabella, daugh- 
ter of David and Jane (McHarg) Newland, 
of Albany, bom there August 3, 181 1, died 
February 12, 1872, in Jamestown. Children: 
I. Selden Erastus ; see forward. 2. Sarah 
Jane, born August 18, 1835, married, October 
20, 1859, Erie L. Hall, since died; was living 
in 1903. 3. David Newland, August 6, 1839, 



married, September 21, 1870, Julia Ormes ; 
died October 10, 1889. 4. Mary Elizabeth, 
July 3, 1841, married, November 4, 1869, Dr. 
Benjamin F. Goodrich. 5. William R., No- 
vember 10, 1843, died February 17, 1863. 

(VIII) General Selden Erastus Marvin, 
son of Hon. Richard Pratt and Isabella 
(Newland) jMarvin, was born August 20, 
1835, in Jamestown, Chautauqua county. 
New York, died January 19, 1899, in New 
York city. He received his education in the 
public schools and academy of Jamestown 
and at Professor Russell's private school in 
New Haven, Connecticut. While residing in 
Jamestown he became interested in military 
affairs and was quartermaster of the Sixty- 
eighth Regiment, National Guard. At the 
beginning of the Civil war he tendered his 
services to the government. On July 21, 
1862, he was commissioned adjutant of the 
One Hundred and Twelfth New York volun- 
teers and mustered into the United States 
service, and served until detailed as assistant 
adjutant-general of Foster's Brigade with the 
army of Southern Virginia, through the 
Peninsula and Charlestown campaigns, until 
August 27, 1863, when he was appointed ad- 
ditional paymaster of United States volun- 
teers, and was assigned to duty in the army 
of the Potomac ; he resigned December 27, 
1864, to become paymaster general of the 
state of New York on the staff of Governor 
Fenton. On January i, 1867, he was ad- 
pointed adjutant-general of the state of New 
York. As paymaster-general he disbursed 
upwards of twenty-seven million dollars. As 
adjutant-general he inaugurated and carried 
into practical effect reforms in the national 
guard which were greatly needed. After his 
term of adjutant-general expired he engaged 
in banking in New York city, as a member 
of the firm of Morgan, Keene & Marvin, un- 
til the spring of 1873, when they dissolved. 
On January i, 1874, he went to Troy, New 
York, as the representative of Erastus Com- 
ing's interests in the iron and steel business 
carried on by the firm of John A. Griswold 
& Company, and while there organized the 
Albany and Rensselaer Iron and Steel Com- 
pany, March i, 1875. This corporation was 
a consolidation of the establishment of John 
A. Griswold & Company and the Albany Iron 
Works, and General ]\Iarvin was elected a 
director, secretary and treasurer. On Sep- 
tember I, 1885, this concern was succeeded 
by the Troy Steel and Iron Company, which 
went into the hands of a receiver in 1893. 
General Marvin continued as director, secre- 
tary and treasurer of the company until its 
business was closed up, November i, 1895. 



HUDSON AND ISIOHAWK VALLEYS 



500 

He was for several years a trustee and vice- 
president of tlie Albany City Savings Insti- 
tution, and on June i, 1891, became its presi- 
dent He was a director, and in 1894 made 
president of the Hudson River Telephone 
Company, and was the principal organizer and 
promoter of the Albany District Telegraph 
Companv, of which he became president in 
1895 He was alwavs active in religious mat- 
ters and soon after the formation of the di- 
oce4 of Albany, was elected its treasurer and 
treasurer of its board of missions, serving un- 
til his death. He was vestryman of St. 
Luke's Church, Jamestown, and later of St. 
Peter's Church, Albany, and was also a mem- 
ber of the Cathedral Chapter. He was a 
member of the state board of chanties, hav- 
ing been appointed by Governor Morton, 
March 27, 1895. He was a member and trus- 
tee of the Corning foundation, on which is 
built St. Agnes' School, the Childs' Hospital, 
St. Margaret's House, Graduate Hall and the 
Sister House in Albany. He was also a mem- 
ber of the board of managers of the Domes- 
tic and Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Protestant Episcopal church in the United 
States, a member of the Fort Orange Club, 
and actively connected with several other in- 
■ititutions of Albany. He married, Septem- 
ber 24, 1868, Katharine Langdon, daughter 
of Judge Amasa J. and Harriet (Langdon) 
Parker, of Albanv, New York, born August 
28, 1846. died July i, 1907. Children: i. 
Selden Erastus ; see forward. 2. Grace 
Parker, born September, 1872, married, June 
6, 1 90 1, Rupert C. King, of New York city; 
children: i. Catherine Marvin, deceased; 11. 
Rupert Cochrane. Jr., born July 29, 1908. 3. 
Langdon Parker, September 16, 1876. gradu- 
ated" from Harvard University, 189S, and 
LL.B., FLirvard Law School, 1901 ; private 
secretary for Hon. Elihu Root on Alaska 
boundary commission in London, 1903 ; re- 
sides in New York city. 4. Edmund Rob- 
erts, August 10, 1878. graduated from Har- 
vard University, 1899." 5. Richard Pratt, 
August 18, 1882, died September 6, 1883. 6. 
Katharine Langdon, August 6, 1889. 

(IX) Colonel Selden Erastus Marvin, son 
of General Selden Erastus and Katharine 
Langdon (Parker) Marvin, was born Decem- 
ber I, 1869. in Albany, New York. His 
earlv education was received in the Albany 
Academy and St. Paul's School at Concord, 
New Hampshire. Later he prepared for col- 
lege at the Hopkinson School in Boston, and 
in 1899 entered Harvard University, where 
he was graduated with the degree of i3achelor 
of Arts in 1893. While there he was treas- 
urer and president, one year each, of the 



University Glee Club. Upon his graduation 
he returned to Albany, and for a time was 
instructor of English, Latin and German at 
the Albany Academy. In 1895 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Morton military secre- 
tary on his staff, with rank of colonel. He 
served two years in that capacity and was 
then, in 1897, appointed private secretary to 
Lieutenant-Governor Woodruff. This office 
he later resigned to accept a business position 
with B. F. Goodrich Company, of Ohio. At 
the death of his father he returned to Albany 
and assumed charge of his father's estate. In 
May, 1899, he became secretary and treas- 
urer 'of the Franklin Boiler Works Company 
of Troy. In 1904 he was appointed secretary 
to Governor Higgins. Colonel Marvin is a 
member of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, Fort Orange, Albany, Country and 
Trov clubs. He has always been deeply in- 
terested in musical affairs, and for a number 
of years was a member of the choir of All 
Saints' Cathedral. He is a thirty-second de- 
gree Mason. 

(HI) John Marvin, eldest son 
MARVIN of Lieutenant Reinold (q. v.) 
and Sarah (Clark) Marvin, was 
born in 1664 or '65 in Lyme, Connecticut, 
where he died December 11, 171 1. A hst of 
his property taxed under Governor Andros's 
administration shows him to have been an 
exceeding prosperous young man. Much of 
his property was located at "Grassy Hill," a 
portion of which is yet in possession of his 
descendants. In .1693 he was constable of 
the town, a very important position at that 
date, almost equaling that of sheriff of to- 
day. He married, T\Iay 7, 1691, Sarah, born 
about 1670, died December 14, 1760, daugh- 
ter of Henry and Mary Graham, of Hart- 
ford, Connecticut. Their children were; i. 
A daughter, who died in infancy. 2. Sarah, 
who married (first) John Lay and (second) 
her cousin, Deacon Reinold Marvin. 3. 
Mary, married Samuel Smith. 4. John, mar- 
ried 'jMehitable Champion. 5. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried John Tinker. 6. Joseph, married Jane 
Lav." 7. Benjamin; see forward. 8. Mehit- 
abl'e, unmarried. 9. Jemima, married William 
Peck. 

(IV) Benjamin, seventh child of John and 
Sarah (Graham) Marvin, was born in Lyme, 
Connecticut, March 14, 1705, or '06. He was 
admitted a freeman April 27, 1736. He mar- 
ried, in Lyme, November 11, 1742, Deborah, 
born January 15, 1718, and died January 21, 
1775, "daughter of Dr. Samuel and Deborah 
(Wade) INIather. Their children, all born in 
Lvme, were; i. Benjamin (2); see forward. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



501 



2. Mehitable, married Uriah Hyde. 3. Azu- 
bah. 

(V) Benjamin (2), son of Benjamin (i) 
and Deborah (Mather) Marvin, was born 
November 7, 1743, in Lyme, Connecticut, 
where he died June 14, 1823. While a young 
man he held several of the offices of the 
town. November 24, 1777, he took the "oath 
of fidelity" to the state, and April 13, 1778, 
the "oath prescribed by law for freemen." 
He and his wife Phoebe joined the Lyme 
church on the same day, October, 1771. He 
married (first), October 29, 1767, Phoebe 
Rowland of Lyme, born in 1745, and died 
December 27, 1812. He married (second), 
May 20, 1818, Abigail Smith of Lyme, born 
in 1767, and died September 28, 1840. His 
children, all born in Lyme, were: i. Abigail, 
died in childhood. 2. Uriah ; see forward. 

3. John, married (first) Amy Stevens, (sec- 
ond) Lucia Mather. He removed to Albany, 
New York, where he was an enterprising, 
successful merchant. 4. William, married 
Julia Ann Tabor; settled in Albany, New 
York, about 1800, where he acquired a large 
property with his brothers John and Alexan- 
der, who were among the leading merchants 
of the city. 5. Abigail (2), married Captain 
Ichabod Smith, Jr. 6. Phoebe, married Uriah 
Benedict, Jr. 7. Lois, died in infancy. 8. 
Lois, married David E. Gregory. 9. Alexan- 
der, married Mary Elizabeth Papoon; re- 
moved to Albany, where he was a prosper- 
ous merchant. He was one of the incorpor- 
ators of the Canal Bank of Albany. 10. 
Richard, settled in Albany, where he was a 
director of the Commercial Bank. He was a 
well-known writer. 11. Edward Lee, died in 
Lyme ; unmarried. 

(VI) Uriah, eldest son of Benjamin (2) 
and Phoebe (Rowland) Marvin, was born in 
Lyme, Connecticut, August 8, 1770, and died 
in Albany, New York, November 24, 1848. 
He removed to Albany when a young man 
and engaged in mercantile business with his 
brother Richard. He became one of Al- 
bany's prominent business men and leading 
citizens. Pie was an earnest friend of the 
cause of education and ruling elder of the 
Presbyterian church. He married, January 
19, 1794, Olive, born September 6, 1774, and 
died April 7, 1849, daughter of Francis and 
Lucretia (Tunker) Ingrabam of Lyme, Con- 
necticut. Their children, all born in Albany 
except the eldest, were: i. Francis Ingraham 
(2), born in Lyme, Connecticut, October 11, 
1795, died May i, 1864. He married, Au- 
gust 4, 1823, Mary Hill. 2. Henry, Novem- 
ber 24, 1797, died July 7, 1849; married De- 
cember 8, 1824, Harriet Day. 3. George, 



September 26, 1800, died October 5, 1892; 
married, February 4, 1823, Maria Elizabeth 
Sickles. 4. Louisa, November 7, 1802, and 
died October 18, 1884. She married (first), 
November, 1823, Gilbert Devoe; (second), 

1841, Swat. 5. Charles, August i, 1804 

died July 16, 1889; married, October i, 1826, 
Nana Watrous. 6. Benjamin- (3) Novem- 
ber 7, 1806, died September 23, 1823. 7. 
Edward, April 19, 1809, died September 14, 
1810. 8. Edward (2), January 12, 181 1, 
died April 16, 1813. 9. Phoebe Ann, August 

7, 1813, died January 3, 1815. 10. Uriah 
(2); see forward. 11. Frances Ann, March 

8, 1818, died April 2, 1842. She married, 
June 9, 1840, Rev. John M. Van Buren, of 
the Dutch Reformed church. 

(VII) Rev. Uriah Marvin (2), son of 
Uriah (i) and Olive (Ingraham) Marvin, 
was born in Albany, New York, January 8, 
1816, died in Troy, New York, November 18, 
1898. He was graduated from Union Col- 
lege, class of 1835, and prepared for the 
ministry at Princeton, New Jersey, Theolog- 
ical Seminary. He was licensed to preach 
in 1846, and April 18, 1848, was ordained a 
minister of the Gospel by the Reformed 
Dutch Classis. He at once entered upon his 
ministerial career. From 1848 to 1855 he 
was pastor of the Reformed Church at 
Greenwich, New York, from 1855 to 1858 
of the Bleecker Street Church in New York 
city, and from i860 to 1870 was in charge of 
the church at Nyack, New York. His latter 
days were spent at his residence in Troy, 
New York. He was an earnest, faithful min- 
ister of the Gospel, and served his various 
charges with fidelity and zeal. He was 
highly esteemed among his brethren of the 
church. Rev. Mr. Marvin married, in Troy, 
October 31, 1844, Margaret Jane, daughter 
of Dr. Samuel and Lorenda (De Long) Ste- 
vens, of Troy, born April 5, 1821, and died 
in Troy, February 29, 1908. Their children 
are: i. Samuel Stevens, born August 19, 
1845, in Albany, where he died August 13, 
1847. 2. Frederic Rowland : see forward. 3. 
Margaret Lorenda, June 18, 1849, in Troy, 
New York ; married, November 3, 1880, 
Charles Russell Ingalls, son of Judge 
Charles Frye and Mary (Rogers) Ingalls, 
born September 14, 1819. He was a mem- 
ber of the state legislature, justice of the su- 
preme court of New York for twenty-seven 
years, and trustee and president of the Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy. He died 
May 28, 1908, in Troy. She was the third 
wife. They have a daughter, Margaret Mar- 
vin Ingalls, born September 21, 188=;, mar- 
ried, June 8, 1909, Kenneth Ogilbic Chisholn, 



502 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



at Brownsville, New York. They reside in 
Paris, France. 4. Rev. Dwight Edwards, 
February 22, 1851, in Greenwich, Washing- 
ton county. New York. He graduated at the 
Theological Seminary, Auburn, New York, 
and took a post-graduate course at Union 
Theological Seminary, city of New York. He 
was a regularly ordained minister of the 
Congregational church, and has served the 
churches at East Albany and Utica, New 
York; Germantown, Pennsylvania; Asbury 
Park, New Jersey; and Brooklyn, New 
York. He married, September 17, 1874, Ida 
Norton, daughter of William W. and Caro- 
Hne K. (Perkins) Whitman of Troy, and 
has Charles IngaUs, Caroline Whitman, 
Dwight Willison, and Rowland Whitman. 5. 
Allison Bowen, March 3, 1853, in Green- 
wich, and died January 17, 1854. 6. Uriah 
Willison, January 3, 1856, in New York city, 
and died August 6, 1876, in Troy. 

(Vni) Frederic Rowland, second son of 
Rev. Uriah (2) and Margaret Jane (Ste- 
vens) Marvin, was born in Troy, New York, 
September 23, 1847. After a preparatory 
education he entered Union College with the 
class of 1869. Later he was a student at 
Lafayette. Deciding on medicine as his pro- 
fession he entered the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of New York city, where he 
was graduated in 1870, Doctor of Medicine. 
From 1872 to 1875 he was professor in the 
New York Free Medical College for Women. 
His whole career was now changed ; aban- 
doning the medical profession he began the 
study of theology. He entered the Dutch Re- 
formed Seminary at New Brunswick and in 
1877 was licensed to preach. He was later 
ordained a minister of the Gospel under the 
authority of the Dutch Reformed church. He 
began his work at once and has been pastor 
of churches of his faith at Middletown, New 
York (1878-82), Portland, Oregon, (1882- 
85), and Great Barrington, Massachusetts, 
(1887-95). In addition to his work in the 
ministry Rev. Dr. Martin is author of a num- 
ber of published books, poems and sermons. 
He stands high among men of letters, and is 
much esteemed among the clergy of his 
church. Rev. Dr. Marvin married, in New 
York city, May 28, 1874, Persis Anne, 
daughter of Samuel and Caroline E. (Page) 
Rowell, of Lancaster, New Hampshire. She 
was born in Concord, New Hampshire, 
March 22, 1840. During their residence in 
Middletown, New York, Mrs. Marvin was 
elected a member of the school board, the 
first instance in New York of a woman's be- 
ing chosen for that position. They have no 
children. 



The family name of Gray is said 
GRAY to be an adaptation of the title of 

a town in Burgundy, France, on 
the banks of the Saone river. Rollo, cham- 
berlain to Robert, Duke of Normandy, re- 
ceived from him the castle and honor of 
Croy, in Picardy, whence his family assumed 
the name of De Croy (afterward changed 
into De Gray) and migrated into Scotland, 
descendants of whom later came to this 
country. The Gray arms : Shield : gules, a 
lion rampant, argent, holding between two 
paws an anchor azure, environed with an 
adder proper. Motto : Secura quae pru- 
dentes. 

(I) Archibald Gray, born in Scotland, was 
respected highly as a member of a family of 
education and refinement, being land owners 
in good circumstances. He died in Dunoon, 
Scotland, 1803. Among his children was 
Daniel Gray. 

(II) Daniel, son of Archibald Gray, was 
born in Dunoon, Scotland. His occupation 
was that of instructor in navigation. He 
married Agnes, daughter of Niel and Agnes 
(Turner) Campbell, of Dunbartonshire, 
Scotland. Niel Campbell died in Dunoon, 
Scotland, 1763. Daniel Gray, with his wife 
and four children, came to America in 1793, 
and settled in New York City, where he died 
of yellow fever in 1803. Among his children 
was a son, Niel. 

(III) Niel, son of Daniel and Agnes 
(Campbell) Gray, was born in Dunoon, Scot- 
land, in 1789, and came to America with his 
parents in 1793. He resided in New York 
City where he engaged in the insurance busi- 
ness, and died January 30, 1852. He married 
(first) Janet Mellis, who died when only 
twenty-one yeafs old, by whom he had two 
children, both born in New York City ; James 
Archibald, in 1815, see forward; and Daniel 
Alexander, in 1817 (see Reynolds family). 
Niel Gray married (second) Janet jNIacpher- 
son, bom in Albany, in 1796, died there 
June 22, 1872, daughter of Charles and Isa- 
bella Macpherson (maiden name the same as 
her husband's), who were married in Albany, 
May 20, 1828. Children of Niel and Janet 
(Macpherson) Gray, all born in New York 
City: I. Mary, bom May 24, 1830; died in 
Oswego, New York, October 22, 18—, mar- 
ried, in New York City, September 4, 1848, 
Hon. Charles Timpson Adee ; children : Niel 
Gray Adee, born July 2, 1852, died March 
18, 1887; and a daughter, Janet Gray Adee, 
died in infancy. 2. William Niel, born No- 
vember 4, 1832, died in Colorado, December 
18, 1880. 3. Martha, bom July 15, 1834, 
married, in New York City, June 4, 1857, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



503 



Rowland Timpson, of New York City. He 
was bom in New York, in 1823, and died at 
Ausable Chasm, New York, July 24, 1898. 
Children : i. Rowland, born in New York 
City, December 17, 1858, died August, 1859; 
ii. Allan Gray (Timpson), born in New York 
City, July 27, 1861 ; married, November 13, 
1900, at Ausable Chasm, Anna Maud, daugh- 
ter of Clark and Dora (Bridges) Wells, by 
whom he had Niel Gray, bom January 4, 
1905; and Justine Adee, born May 18, 1908, 
at Ausable, New York. 4. Charles Mercer, 
born in 1836, died unmarried, in Cornwall, 
New York, July 31, 1876. 

(IV) James Archibald, eldest son of Niel 
and Janet (Mellis) Gray, was born in New 
York City, in 181 5; died in Albany, New 
York, December 11, 1889. He served a regu- 
lar apprenticeship with the firm of Firth & 
Hall, New York City, and became thoroughly 
familiar with the construction of pianos. In 
1835 he came to Albany and for two years 
was employed as superintendent by William 
G. Boardman, who through the non-payment 
of notes on which he was indorser, had taken 
over the stock of a small piano-making firm 
of Albany. William G. Boardman was a 
wholesale grocer of that city and incapable 
of conducting a business with which he was 
unfamiliar, and having found that the manu- 
facture and sale of pianos under Mr. Gray's 
able management was more lucrative than 
the grocery business, he persuaded his clever 
superintendent to form a partnership, and 
the firm of Boardman & Gray was established 
in 1837. This partnership was continued un- 
til 1866, when James Archibald Gray became 
sole owner of the business by purchase from 
Mr. Boardman of all his right, title and in- 
terest therein. In 1877 he admitted his eld- 
est son, William James Gray, to the firm as 
partner. He continued his successful career 
as a manufacturer until his death, December 
ii, 1889. He was known all over the United 
States as one of the oldest piano manufac- 
turers in the country, and the business he 
founded in 1837 ^nd personally conducted for 
nearly half a century is still in successful op- 
eration and controlled by his sons. As one 
of the oldest business houses of Albany, its 
varicMS locations may be noted with interest. 
Originally located at the corner of Broadway 
and Dewitt streets in 1837, removed to the 
"old elm tree corner" (northwest corner of 
State and Pearl), then to the corner of 
Broadway and North Ferry. In 1866 re- 
moved, to the brick building. No. 239 North 
Pearl street, where a disastrous fire drove 
them finally to their present location at the 
corner of Broadway and Steuben streets. The 



product of Boardman & Gray is well known 
throughout the musical world and continues 
in favor. 

Mr. Gray was a Unitarian in his religious 
belief, courteous and dignified in his de- 
meanor, kind-hearted and generous in his na- 
ture, and of the strictest integrity and highest 
principle in his business life. His mechanical 
skill, inventive genius and executive ability, 
were all employed in making "Boardman & 
Gray," a synonym for piano perfection. The 
employees of his factory and offices attended 
his funeral in a body, and at a meeting called 
for the purpose, passed resolutions of appre- 
ciation and sympathy. "A man ennobled by 
the highest instincts and practices of true 
manhood, beloved by those with whom he 
associated, respected wherever he was known 
for his integrity, kindness and charity, we 
who knew him so well, desire to express the 
poignant sorrow we feel at his death." 

He married (first) in Albany, in 1851, 
Elizabeth McCammon, daughter of Enoch 
and Lydia (Sturtevant) McCammon; (sec- 
ond) December 4, 1856, Matilda Annesley. 
Children of first marriage: i. Alice Elizabeth, 
bom in Albany, New York, May 2, 1852, 
died in Syracuse, New York, April 3, 1875 ; 
married William Thurston Searles, in Al- 
bany, October 30, 1873, and had a son Archi- 
bald James Gray Searles, born March 16, 
1875, died July 22, 1875. 2. William James, 
see forward. Children by second marriage : 
3. James Stuart, see forward. 4. Frank 
Lovet, born in Albany, July 20, 1859, died 
November 10, i860. 

(V) William James, son of James Archi- 
bald and Elizabeth (McCammon) Gray, was 
bom at Dobb's Ferry, New York, at the home 
of his paternal grandmother, June 13, 1853. 
He was educated at Albany at the "Boy's 
Academy." When a young man he entered 
the piano factory of Boardman & Gray, con- 
tinuing six years. Here he became thorough- 
ly familiar with practical construction and 
factory requirements. In 1877 he was admit- 
ted a partner of Boardman & Gray, continu- 
ing until the death of his father in 1899. 
This, while involving a reorganization, in no 
way interfered with the business, William J. 
Gray becoming the senior member of the 
firm, which continues as "Boardman & Gray." 
His years of practical factory experience, 
coupled with his long years of official man- 
agement and office experience, render him 
eminently capable of assuming this trust. The 
high standing which Boardman & Gray at- 
tained in their first half century is being fully 
maintained and improved under present man- 
agement. Mr. Gray is a supporter of Re- 



504 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



publican principles, and a member of the 
First Reformed Dutch Church. His social 
clubs are the Fort Orange and the Albany 
Country Clubs. He is a member of the Alum- 
ni Association of the Boys' Academy, an ac- 
tive member of the Chamber of Commerce, 
and interested in all that pertains to the wel- 
fare or development of his city. He married, 
November 9, 1881, Maria Sabina, daughter 
of Robert and Martha Eliza (Searles) Bo- 
gardus (see Bogardus IX). Children, all 
bom in Albany, New York: i. Alice Eliza- 
beth, born October 9, 1882 ; educated at St. 
Agnes' School in Albany, finishing at "Rose- 
mary Hall," Greenwich, Connecticut. She 
married, January 12, 1910, Charles Foster 
Lovejoy, born in Lynn, Massachusetts, No- 
vember 19, 1882. He is a Harvard man, 
class of 1904; finished his course at Harvard 
Law School in 1907, and is now attorney at 
law in Boston, Massachusetts. Charles Fos- 
ter Lovejoy is the only son of Charles Averill 
Lovejoy, a prominent physician and surgeon 
of Lynn, Massachusetts, where he was born 
in 1845, and where he married in 1881, Alice 
Louise Foster. 2. Florence Bogardus, born 
October 20, 1884; educated at Albany Female 
Academy, the "Misses Fenimore Cooper 
School" at Albany, New York, and at Dana 
Hall, Wellesley, Massachusetts. 3. Ruth Bo- 
gardus, born in Albany, New York, June 7, 
1887; educated at Albany Female Academy 
and under private tutors. 

Tlie family residence is in Washington 
Park, 461 State street, Albany, New York. 

(V) James Stuart, son of James Archibald 
and Matilda (Annesley) Gray, was born in 
Albany, New York, September 7, 1857. He 
was graduated from the Albany Academy, 
class of 1874. He then entered the firm of 
Boardman & Gray, later becoming a part- 
ner. He is Republican in politics, and at- 
tends St. Peter's (Episcopal) church. He is 
a member of the Fort Orange and Albany 
County clubs, Albany Academy Alumni As- 
sociation, and of the Chamber of Commerce. 
He married in Albany, January 16, 1881, Cor- 
nelia Briggs Emerson, born in Albany, Janu- 
ary 16, 1859; educated at the Albany Girls' 
Academy; daughter of James Bradley and 
Cornelia Hyde (Briggs) Emerson. James 
Bradley Emerson was born in Alstead Cen- 
ter, New Hampshire, in 1820; died at Al- 
bany, New York, November 17. 1882. Mar- 
ried at Albany, September 29. 1857, Cornelia 
Hyde Briggs, born at Albany, December 24, 
1838; died in that city, FebruaVv i, 1859. Chil- 
dren of James Stuart and Cornelia Briggs 
(Emerson) Gray: i. Cornelia Emerson, born 
November 3. 1882, educated at St. Agnes' 



school, Albany; married in the house of her 
birth, February 7, 1907, Maurice Sherman 
Damon, born in Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands, 
January 19, 1882, son of Edward Chenery and 
Cornelia (Beckwith) Damon and grandson 
of Samuel Chenery Damon, D.D., LL.D., of 
Holden, Mass., better known as "Father Da- 
mon, the seaman's friend." Dr. Damon mar- 
ried Julia Sherman Mills. He was a student 
of Princeton Theological Seminary and grad- 
uate of Andover. A regularly ordained min- 
ister of the Gospel, he chose missionary work, 
and with his bride went to Honolulu, under 
appointment of the American Seaman's So- 
ciety, as chaplain for Honolulu. Maurice S. 
Damon was graduated from Yale University, 
class of 1904. 2. James Coats, born Novem- 
ber 25, 1888, died in Albany, November 13, 
1892. 3. Emerson Coats, born March 25, 1894, 
educated at Albany Boys' Academy. 4. Helen 
Annesley, born March 25, 1894 (twin with 
Emerson C), died at birth. 5. Niel Annesley, 
born December 11, 1895, student at the Boys' 
Academy. 6. Bradley Gary, born December 
13, 1897, student at the Boys' Academy. 



The family name of Bo- 
BOGARDUS gardus is derived from the 

Dutch, "boomgard," an or- 
chard; signifying, therefore, one who kept an 
orchard or possessed one of particular account, 
being the same as "boomgaerd," of which 
"bogaerd" is its concentrated form, "boom," 
tree, and "gaerd," yard. From this original 
"Boomgaerd" all the family names, such as 
Bogaert, Bogardus, Bogaart, Bogart, Bogard 
and Bogaerd have been formed. 

(I) Everart Bogaert was born in Woerden, 
in the province of Utrecht, south of the Zuy- 
der Zee, in the year 1607. At the age of 
twenty, on the twenty-seventh day of July, 
1627, he entered the Leyden University for 
the study of theology. About the time of his 
graduation, he Latinized his name, as seemed 
to be the custom among the young Dutch 
theologians of that period, and from 1631 un- 
til the present day he is known in history 
and appears in all records as Everardus Bo- 
gardus. He was ordained a regular minister 
of the Dutch Reformed church, January 11, 
1632, just five years after he had entered 
Leyden University. In the minutes of the 
synod of North Holland, at Alckmar, August 
17, 1632, his name appears on the list of 
ministerial charges of the Classis of Amster- 
dam, as being sent to New Netherland, and 
further research reveals the fact that he was 
commissioned by the "Lords Directors of the 
Honorable West India Company of the United 
Provinces of the Netherlands," to minister to 




JZyJo///(ftfe (O/iCf'ayf/f/i -yjor/ a /'(//(} 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



505 



the spiritual needs of the colony at New Am- 
sterdam. 

He sailed from Amsterdam on the ship 
"Zoutberg," of twenty guns, with a military 
escort of one hundred and four soldiers. On 
this same ship with Dominie Bogardus was 
Director General Wouter Van Twiller, these 
two men who held their trust directly from 
the company and were to be most important 
personages in the distant colony, were thus 
conveyed with especial distinction to the prov- 
ince of New Netherland. For nine years after 
his arrival in the spring of 1633, Dominie Bo- 
gardus preached in the little wooden church 
built for him in New Amsterdam ; a few years 
after, a new and somewhat larger edifice of 
stone was erected within the enclosure of the 
fort, and he conducted his services there. 

For fourteen years Dominie Everardus Bo- 
gardus was a faithful and beloved minister in 
the colony of New Amsterdam (now New 
York City), on the island of Manhattan. Dur- 
ing this period he carried a heavy burden of 
responsibility; to this fact the records give 
ample evidence. He was the most learned 
man in the community to whom all turned 
for advice and counsel. With the courage of 
his convictions he was absolutely fearless in 
the discharge of his duty. He had been sent 
to New Amsterdam with the special mission 
of attending to the spiritual welfare of the 
colonists, and although he was not the author- 
ized director of provincial affairs, he was 
forced through stress of circumstances to as- 
sume the material care, oftentimes, of the lit- 
tle tlock of which he was, in very truth, the 
good shepherd. Valentine says: "Full justice 
is yet to be done his memory." 

In 1638 Everardus Bogardus married An- 
neke Jans, the widow of a farmer, Preloff 
Jansen, by name. 

In July, 1647, Dominie Bogardus sailed on 
the ship "Princess" for Holland, his special 
object in taking the return voyage to the Neth- 
erlands being his desire to report before the 
Classis of Amsterdam, and also before the 
representatives of the West India Company, in 
order that he might vindicate himself re- 
garding certain charges, unjustly made against 
him by the jealous and villainous Director Gen- 
eral Kieft. Valentine says : "The amount of 
important business which he was expected to 
transact while in the mother country, in be- 
half of his parishioners, evinced the continued 
respect and confidence of his people." 

The "Princess," however, was fated never 
to cast anchor in the home port of Amster- 
dam. In the darkness of a September night, 
in 1647, the captain had somehow lost his 
bearings, and in the fury of a gale the little 



ship was driven on the rocks to her destruc- 
tion, off the southern coast of Wales, and 
Everardus Bogardus, together with eighty fel- 
low passengers, perished beneath the waters 
of Bristol channel. 

After the death of her husband, the dom- 
inie, Anneke Jans, with her family, returned 
to Beverwyck (Albany), and there bought a 
residence on the north side of Yonkers (now 
State) street, where she died in 1663. Just pre- 
vious to her death she made her famous will, 
which provided for the disposal of her estate, 
both personal and real, which was consider- 
able in amount. It included in the real prop- 
erty, the farm of sixty-two acres — called the 
"Dominie's Bourverie," reaching from Broad- 
way to the Hudson river, and from Warren 
to Christopher streets, in New Amsterdam 
(now New York City), all of which was after- 
ward claimed by the corporation of Trinity 
church and became the subject of unending 
litigation by the heirs of Anneke Jans Bogar- 
dus, who have sought to possess the land 
which they considered their rightful inheri- 
tance. 

Everardus and Anneke Jans Bogardus had 
four children, all sons, who afterward became 
prominent and representative men in the col- 
onies in which they lived: i. Willem, born in 
New Amsterdam in 1639; married (first) 
Wyntie Sybrante, in 1657, and had four chil- 
dren, Everardus, Sytie, Annetje and Cornelia. 
He married (second), in 1674, a Miss Wal- 
burga de Sille, and had Everardus, Lucretia, 
Maria and Blandina. 2. Cornelis ( i ) , see for- 
ward. 3. Jonas, born in New Amsterdam in 
1643, died after 1670, unmarried. 4. Pieter, 
born in the brick parsonage of his father, in 
New Amsterdam, in 1645, died in Kingston, 
Ulster county. New York, in 1714. He mar- 
ried Wyntie Cornelia Bosch. Children : Ev- 
ert, Shibboleth, Hannah, ]\Iaria, Antony, Ra- 
chel, Ephraim and Pietrus. 

(II) Cornelis (i), second son of Dominie 
Everardus and Anneke Jans Bogardus, was 
born September 9, 1640, in the first parsonage, 
located on Brugh street. New Amsterdam. He 
was baptized in the wooden church which had 
been erected for his father years before. This 
unpretentious little building, with peaked roof, 
was situated near the bank of the East river, 
and on the lot adjoining the garden of the 
parsonage which is now No. 45 Pearl street. 
When Cornelis was a small boy of seven, his 
father having perished at sea, his mother 
leased the home, and, taking her children and 
all her household belongings with her, re- 
moved to Beverwyck (now Albany), where 
Cornelis lived with her and his brothers in 
what was a comfortable home in those days, 



5o6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



situated on what was to be the chief street 
of the capital city, State street. The site of 
this home is now occupied by the Farmers' 
and Mechanics' Bank. Cornehs ( i ) Bogardus 
married, in 1664, Helena Teller, born in 1645, 
daughter of William and Margaret (Donche- 
sen) Teller. Previous to his marriage, Cor- 
nelius Bogardus bought a house from Willem 
Jansen, for which he paid "85 good, whole, 
merchantable beaver skins, reckoned at 8 
gulders apiece, with which payment the grant- 
or acknowledges he is fully paid and satis- 
fied." This transfer was made on September 
II, 1663. He lived to be only twenty-six years 
old, his demise occurring in Albany in 1666, 
only two years after his marriage. His widow, 
Helena (Teller) Bogardus, married (second) 
Jan Hendrickse Van Ball; she married (third) 
Francois Rombout. Cornells (i) and Helena 
(Teller) Bogardus had one son, Cornells (2), 
see forward. 

(HI) Cornells (2), son of Cornelis (i) and 
Helena (Teller) Bogardus, was born in Bev- 
€rwyck, or Fort Orange (Albany), October 
13, 1665. Following his mother's second mar- 
riage to Jans Hendrickse Van Ball, little Cor- 
nelis (2) went to live with his uncles, Pieter 
and Jonas Bogardus, who were children of 
Dominie Everardus and Anneke Jans Bogar- 
dus. They were living at the time, in their 
home, adjoining on the east the residence in 
which their mother, Anneke Jans Bogardus, 
had lived during her lifetime, a site occupied 
in 19 10 by the office of the Albany Ei'ening 
Journal. When, several years later, Pieter 
Bogardus removed to Kingston, New York, 
Cornelis (2) accompanied him and there 
married Rachel De Witt, in 1691. She w^as 
a daughter of Tjerck Classen, son of Nicholas 
and Taatje De Witt, whose home in the 
Netherlands was in Grootholdt, district of 
Zunderland, in the southern part of East 
Friesland. Tjerck Classen De Witt came to 
America some time previous to the year 1656, 
and is the ancestor of the De Witt family in 
the United States. De Witt is one of the few 
Dutch-American names illustrious in the Fa- 
therland. Grand Pensioner Johannes De Witt 
administered the government of Holland from 
1652 to 1672. He and his brother, Cornelis 
De Witt, also prominent in civil and military 
life in the Netherlands, were killed by a mob 
at The Hague, following years of faithful 
service to their country. Tjerck Classen De 
Witt was their kinsman. He was married in 
the Reformed Dutch Collegiate church in New 
York city, April 24, 1656, to Barbara An- 
dresson, from Amsterdam, Holland. In the 
spring of 1657 he removed to Beverwyck 
(Albany), where he resided until September, 



1660, when he exchanged his Albany, or Bev- 
erwyck propert}' with Madame De Hutter 
for land she had in Esopus (Kingston) New 
York, whither he removed. He was a magis- 
trate of Ulster county in 1689, and held other 
prominent offices. He died in Kingston, Feb- 
ruary-, 1701. His will, dated March 4, 1687, 
gave to his daughter, Rachel (De Witt) Bo- 
gardus, a twelfth of his whole estate, less one 
hundred pounds, which amount represented 
a sum which had been previously donated. 
A descendant of his, Maria De Witt, married 
Captain James Clinton, who afterward became 
a general in the American revolution, and 
their son, De Witt Clinton, one of the most 
prominent, energetic and beloved governors 
of New York state. 

Cornelis (2) Bogardus was an owner of a 
vessel which he employed in the carrying 
trade along the Hudson river from New York 
to Albany, and possibly to more distant points 
along the coast. In 1700 he returned to Al- 
bany, his birthplace, remaining there for a 
few years. He was made a "Freeman" of 
that city, and became prominent in its af- 
fairs. Later on he accompanied Captain 
Nicholas Evertsen on a raid in the colonial 
service against a band of French privateers 
off the coast. This occurred in 1704. He 
died in the spring of 17 18, in Kingston, New 
York. Children: i. Helena, born April 17, 
1692, in Kingston. 2. Jennekin, born in New 
York City, May 13, 1694. 3. Barbara, born 
in Kingston, December 15, 1695. 4. Cornelis 
(3), born in Kingston, January 8, 1690, see 
forward. 5. Rachel, born in Albany, April 
27, 1 701. 6. Catharine, born in Kingston, 
August 29, 1703. 7. Margarita, born in 
Kingston, September 22, 1705. 8. Hendricus, 
born in Kingston, September 28, 1707. 

(IV) Cornelis (3), eldest son of Cornelis 
(2) and Rachel (De Witt) Bogardus, was 
born in Kingston, New York, January 8, 
1699, died February 12, 1758. He married 
Catharine Tudor (in Dutch, Toeter), daugh- 
ter of Captain John Tudor. Shortly after 
his marriage he removed down the Hudson 
and settled in Fishkill, Dutchess county. New 
York, on land situated in the "Rombout Pre- 
cinct," or Patent, the vast estate of eighty- 
five thousand acres belonging to his aunt, 
"Madame Brett" (Catharine Rombout; see 
Brett family). He had received an unusually 
fine education for those times, which permit- 
ted him to assume a position of prominence 
in the growing colony on the east shore of 
the Hudson, and also enabled him to be of 
great service to Madame Brett, who had be- 
come a widow, and possessed of a family of 
children dependent upon her guidance. It 




ci^f/fera/ ^JLo/'f?'/ ,Jdor/fn'(/ft 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



507 



is likely that Madame Brett may have urged 
him to settle in Fishkill, realizing that he was 
a man who would be influential in wisely con- 
ducting her large affairs in the Precinct, and 
upon whom she could safely depend. The 
records testify that he was a surveyor in Fish- 
kill, and it is known that he became a man of 
property, building a house in the town, where 
to this day his descendants have continued 
to possess the land. Children of Cornells (3) 
and Catharine (Tudor) Bogardus: i. Mary, 
born April 12, 1722, in Kingston; married 
Isaac Vantine. 2. Rachel, born April 2, 1724; 
married Thorn Pudney. 3. Cornelis (4), born 
April 26, 1726; married, January 4, 1753, 
Margaret Phillips. 4. John, baptized Decem- 
ber 27, 1728: married Maria Du Bqis. 5. Hu- 
bert, born November 29, 1729; died in in- 
fancy. 6. Francis, baptized October 10, 1731 ; 
married Maria Losee. 7. Catharine, baptized 
June 23, 1736; married John Wilson. 8. Helen, 
baptized May 15, 1737; married Isaac Law- 
son. 9. Lewis, born October 9, 1738; see for- 
ward. 10. Matthew, baptized September 10, 
1740; married Abigail Ferguson. 11. Jenneka, 
born September 6, 1743; married Eli Pearson. 
12. Humbert, born in 1746. 

(V) Lewis, son of Cornelis (3) and Cath- 
arine (Tudor) Bogardus, was born near Fish- 
kill village, Dutchess county. New York, Oc- 
tober 9, 1738, and was baptized in Fishkill, 
May 27, 1739. He married Annie Mills, born 
October 12, 1745. Lewis Bogardus manfully 
contested for what he truly believed to be his 
lawful rights against the corporation of Trin- 
ity church, as did his brother, Cornelis (4) 
Bogardus. For many years he occupied a 
home in New York City, situated in the midst 
■of land now partly covered by St. John's 
Square. This home, called the "Possession 
House," was located on a section of the cele- 
brated "Dominie's Bouwerie," and, with the 
surrounding grounds, was enclosed by a sub- 
stantial, high picket fence, and claimed by 
the Bogardus heirs as a part of their rightful 
inheritance. While Lewis Bogardus remained 
in this home on Manhattan island, he was 
not disturbed in his possession ; but during 
his absence, while serving in the war of the 
American revolution, his wife and children, 
with all their household belongings, were 
forcefully evicted from their home by men 
acting under the authority of Trinity Church 
corporation. His service in the revolution 
reflects great credit upon his name. He en- 
listed early and served until the close of the 
conflict. He had inherited the fearless tem- 
perament of his illustrious ancestor. Dominie 
Everardus Bogardus, and while defending his 
country he never hesitated to perform any 



act requiring especial bravery. He served 
under Colonel Peter Gansevoort in the Third 
Regiment of the New York line of the Conti- 
nental army, also as a member of the Du 
Bois regiment in the Levies, and again in the 
Dutchess county militia, a regiment of minute- 
men under command of Colonel Jacobus 
Swartwort. After the close of the revolution, 
he returned to his country home near Fish- 
kill, where he died January 12, 1808. 

Lewis Bogardus and his wife, Annie 
(Mills) Bogardus, had a large family, and it 
is known that nine of their eleven children 
married. Children: i. Peter, born August i, 

1763 ; married Leah . 2. Lenoir, born 

May 2, 1765 ; married Pasco Knoxen. 
3. Sarah, born May 8, 1767; married John 
Burtis. 4. Sabina Polly, born June i, 1769; 
married John Houghtaling. 5. Robert, born 
May 22, 1771 ; see forward. 6. James, born 
June 8, 1774; married (first]) Martha Spen- 
cer; (second) Faith Rollo. 7. Susanna, born 
August 8, 1776; married David Wager. 
8. Stephen, born March 17, 1781 ; married 
Sarah Tripp. 9. Catherine, born February 
14, 1785; married (first) Nye; (sec- 
ond) Captain Howard (third) Sims; 

(fourth) Holman. 10. Elizabeth, born 

May 3, 1787, died June 3, 1790. 11. John L., 
born May 17, 1790. 

(VI) General Robert Bogardus, second son 
of Lewis and Annie (Mills) Bogardus, was 
born in his father's home in St. John's Park, 
New York City, May 22, 1771. His early 
days were passed amid the stirring scenes of 
the American revolution. The great things 
happening at that time no doubt had consid- 
erable influence upon a youth and went far 
toward developing an intensely patriotic char- 
acter. The conversations of his parents, 
fraught with solicitude for the welfare of 
the infant republic, kindled in the sensitive 
nature of this intelligent lad an ardent desire 
to make a place for himself in the world. Not 
long after the termination of the war, his 
parents returned to their country home near 
Fishkill, and permanently located there. With 
an ambition born of a high purpose in life, 
Robert decided to remain in New York, where 
the best educational opportunities offered. It 
was there that he completed his studies with 
a thorough course in law, which profession he 
followed successfully throughout his life, ris- 
ing to the highest round of the legal ladder, 
and becoming one of the most eminent law- 
yers of his day in the LTnited States. Begin- 
ning with his early manhood, Robert was vi- 
tally concerned in the welfare and advance- 
ment of his native state, and the city of his 
birth, being one of its foremost and influential 



5o8 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VAL.LEYS 



citizens for at least fifty years of his life. His 
name appears on the official city records early 
in the nineteenth century. He was one of 
the largest taxpayers as a holder of extensive 
property on Manhattan Island. His name is 
found inscribed on the corner-stone of the old 
City Hall as a member of the common coun- 
cil, who, with other civic officials, on May 26, 
1803, celebrated the laying of this stone. He 
was a member of the convention framing the 
constitution of the state of New York, and it 
is said he drafted the document. 

General Robert Bogardus had an interest- 
ing military career. In November, 1812, he 
was placed in command of the Third Brigade 
of the New York militia infantry, succeeding 
General P. P. Van Zandt, resigned. This 
command comprised the One Hundred and 
Forty-second Regiment, under Colonel 
Mapes ; the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth, 
under Colonel Dodge; the Tenth, under Col- 
onel Anderson; the Fifty-first, under Colonel 
Van Hook ; the Eighty-second, under Colonel 
Strong, and the One Hundred and Forty- 
sixth Regiment from Staten Island. In July, 
18 1 3, General Bogardus resigned command 
of the Third Brigade of Infantry to accept 
the command as colonel of a volunteer regi- 
ment which was mustered into service as the 
Forty-first United States Infantry, under act 
of July 5, 1813. This was everywhere re- 
garded as the "crack" regiment of New York 
City. His officers were : Lieutenant-Colonel, 
J. W. Livingston ; captain, Alexander Hamil- 
ton; first lieutenant, J. M. Schermerhorn ; 
second lieutenant, Alexander Clinton. When 
General J. P. Boyd took his departure from 
New York, Governor Daniel D. Tompkins 
reappointed Robert Bogardus to act as com- 
mander-in-chief of the Third Military Dis- 
trict of New York State, and he held this po- 
sition until the close of the war. 

General Bogardus was one of Governor De 
Witt Clinton's staunchest supporters in the 
Erie canal project, and naturally aided in 
bringing it to a successful issue. He was a 
member of the legislature in 181 1, and state 
senator for five sessions, beginning in 1827. 
He was in the highest sense "a man among 
men," throughout his public career, and no 
less in his own home, where he was a most 
loving, unselfish, and devoted husband and 
father. His residence in New York was 
first in Cherry street, where he resided a 
great many years, and later at No. 501 Broad- 
way, where he erected the handsome mansion 
which was his home until his death, Septem- 
ber 12, 1841. 

General Robert Bogardus married, in New 
York, in 1792, Maria Sabina Waldron, who 



was born in 1774, her death occurring in New 
York City, January 3, 1855. She was the 
daughter of Oliver and Sarah (Jay) Wal- 
dron, both parents having descended from 
old and representative families of New York 
City. Children: i. Sarah Jay, born in New 
York City, January 10, 1794, died in Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania, June 14, i860 ; mar- 
ried, in New York City, December 14, 1814, 
Commodore Foxhall Alexander Parker, of 
the United States navy. 2. Archibald Robert, 
born in New York City, 1797, died in 1850. 
3. Maria Sabina, born in New York City, 
1798, died January 23, 1855. 4. William 
Henry, born in New York City, 1805, died in 
1850; married, in 1830, Jane E. Robertson. 
5. Wilhelrnena, twin of Wilham Henry, died 
in infancy. 6. Laurentini, born in New 
York City, September 16, 1806, died in South 
Norwalk, Connecticut, October 8, 1880; mar- 
ried, March 16, 1831, Arthur Henry Snow- 
den, born June 4, 1802, died September 24, 
1893. 7. Ethelbert, drowned while yet an 
infant. 8. Alonzo, born in New York City, 
June 12, 1808, died April 20, 1887; married, 
May 15, 1834, Emma Livingston, born Au- 
gust, 1817, daughter of Henry and Ann Eliza 
(Van Ness) Livingston, and a direct descen- 
dant of Robert Livingston, first "Lord of the 
Manor." 9. Aspasia, twin of Alonzo, born in 
New York City, June 12, 1808, died Febru- 
ary II, 1885; married, in New York City, 
January 26, 1835, John Bayard Snowden, 
born near Utica, New York, August 4, 1808, 
died October 22, 1863, in Nashville, Tennes- 
see. 10. Washington A. H., see forward. 

(VII) Washington A. H. Bogardus, young- 
est son of General Robert and Maria Sabina 
(Waldron) Bogardus, was born in New York 
City, March 7, 1811. His preparatory educa- 
tion was acquired in private schools. He 
studied law in the office of his father, but de- 
spite a natural aptitude for the legal profes- 
sion, he preferred not to practice it. He mar- 
ried Ruth Fitch, born in Canaan, August 7, 
1815, died March i, 1894, daughter of Caleb 
Mayhew and Temperance (Davis) Fitch, of 
Columbia county. New York. Caleb M. Fitch, 
born July 22, 1779, was the son of Cyperan 
and Ruth (Rand) Fitch. Following their 
marriage. May 15, 1834, Washington A. H. 
Bogardus decided to locate in the town of 
Mentz, Cayuga county, New York, where he 
built a handsome residence, which he named 
"Locust Hill," and they resided there until 
1856, when he returned to New York City 
and purchased a house on Sixty-fifth street, 
which he made his home until his death, 
January 12, 1887. Though never actively en- 
gaged in business, he devoted much of his 




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HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



509 



time to the affairs of his estate. He always 
occupied a prominent and influential position 
in the community in which he hved, and was 
greatly respected. He had but one child, 
Robert, born February 21, 1835, see forward. 

(Vni) Robert Bogardus, only son of 
Washington A. H. and Ruth (Fitch) Bogar- 
dus, was born in the town of Mentz, Cayuga 
county, New York, February 21, 1835. Un- 
til twelve years of age he received instruc- 
tions from tutors at his home, but then en- 
tered the Red Creek Academy for Boys. 
Here he remained for several years, when 
he became a student in the famous Aurora 
school, and afterwards in the Fort Plain In- 
stitute. He was a close student, a great 
reader, and of an inventive turn of mind, 
several valuable patents testifying to his in- 
ventive genius, notable among which was one 
for a rotary engine and another for a refrig- 
erator car. Robert Bogardus, during the au- 
tumn of 1853, when only about eighteen years 
of age, succumbed to an illness that nearly 
cost him his life, and ever after seriously im- 
paired his constitution, so that although a 
man of unusual attainments, he was always, 
during the remaining years of his life, com- 
pelled to submit to physical limitations. In 
1862 he made New York City his home up to 
within three years of his demise, when he 
removed to Rome, New York, in which city 
he died, June 3, 1901. 

Robert Bogardus married, September 2, 
1856, in Belleville, Jeft'erson county, New 
York, Martha Eliza Searles, daughter of 
James Harvey and Martha Gott (Ransom) 
Searles. She was born in Ellisburgh, Jeffer- 
son county, New York, April 23, 1837. James 
Harvey Searles was born in Bennington, Ver- 
mont, May 4, 1806, and was the son of James 
and Abigail (Thurston) Searles. He mar- 
ried, i\lay 4, 1830, Martha Gott Ransom, 
daughter of Robert and Elizabeth (Porter) 
Ransom. Robert and Martha Eliza (Searles) 
Bogardus had two children: Maria Sabina, 
see forward. Washington A. H. (2), see for- 
ward. 

(IX) Maria Sabina, only daughter of Rob- 
ert and Martha Eliza (Searles) Bogardus, 
was born at the family country seat, "Locust 
Hill," town of Mentz, Cayuga county, New 
York, August 31, 1857. When she was five 
years of age, her parents removed to New 
York City, where she was educated. She 
married, November 9, 1881, William James 
Gray, of Albany, New York (see Gray V). 
Mrs. Gray is a member of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution, having had ten an- 
cestors who served their country faithfully in 
its struggle for liberty, to whom she traces 



through direct lines. She is also a member 
of the Society of Mayflower Descendants, 
tracing to John Alden, Priscilla Mullines, 
Thomas Mullines (father of Priscilla) and 
Thomas Rogers. She has descended on her 
mother's side from the family of Governor 
Endicott, of early Massachusetts history, and 
eight of her ancestors participated in our 
colonial wars. An inmate of her beautiful 
home is her widowed mother, Martha Eliza 
(Searles) Bogardus, now in her seventy-third 
year, capable yet of life's keenest en- 
joyment. 

(IX) Washington A. H. (2) Bogardus, 
only son of Robert and Martha Eliza 
(Searles) Bogardus, was born at "Locust 
Hill," November 22, 1858, died in Greenwich, 
Connecticut, November 7, 1902. He was 
prominent in business circles of New York 
City at the time of his death, being vice-presi- 
dent and general manager of the Tubular Dis- 
patch Company and also general manager of 
the New York Mail and Transportation Com- 
pany. He was a member of the Holland So- 
ciety of New York, the Knickerbocker Yacht 
Club, the Indian Harbor Yacht Club of Green- 
wich, Connecticut, the National Union Club, 
and the Hamilton Club of Brooklyn, New 
York. He inherited the sterling qualities and 
characteristics that distinguished his great- 
grandfather, General Robert Bogardus. He 
was a most pleasing and popular speaker and 
platform orator. He possessed unusual per- 
sonal magnetism that first attracted, while 
his fluent speech and happy mode of expres- 
sion, coupled with endless resource of argu- 
ment, wit, occasional sarcasm and great good 
humor, held and delighted his audiences. 
Having always had a decided preference for 
the profession of law, he decided in his later 
years to prepare for a legal career. He com- 
pleted his studies and was admitted to the 
New York state bar in 1902, just before his 
death. His life promised a brilliant future, as 
he was eminently fitted by birth, education and 
environment to fill and adorn any position in 
life the years might have brought him. He 
married, in Chicago, Illinois, January 12, 
1886, Mary Pauline Couch, born in Water- 
loo, Iowa, December 15, 1864, daughter of 
George William and Calinda (Hungerford) 
Couch. Children: i. Pauline Hungerford, 
born January 16, 1888; educated at Madame 
Veltine's school, Fifth avenue, New York 
City, and at St. Timothy's school near Balti- 
more, Maryland. 2. Robert, born August 12, 
1894, died October 3, 1894. 3. Washington 
Everardus, born January i, 1896; he is pre- 
paring for college at St. George school, near 
Newport, Rhode Island, having finished his 



510 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



course at the celebrated Fay School for small 
boys at Southboro, Massachusetts. 



The names of two sis- 
ENGLE-SISSON ters, Ardella and Anna 
Bogardus, whose mar- 
ried names, Engle and Sisson, in a measure 
conceal their identity, will long be remem- 
bered for deeds of charity and benevolence. 
They were daughters of John Yost Bogardus, 
granddaughters of John, and great-grand- 
daughters of Ephraim Bogardus. They are 
lineal descendants of Rev. Everardus Bogar- 
dus, whose life is fully described in the Bo- 
gardus line of Mary Sabina (Bogardus) 
Gray, accompanied by portraits of six genera- 
tions of the Bogardus line. Mrs. Ardella 
Bogardus Engle descends from Dominie 
Everardus Bogardus and Anneke Jans 
through their fourth and youngest child 
Pieter. 

(H) Peter Bogardus, "mariner," was bap- 
tized April 2, 1645. He resided in Albany, 
New York, until near the close of his life, 
when he removed to Kingston, New York, 
where he died in 1703. In 1673 he was one 
of the magistrates of Albany, and was com- 
missioned with others to treat with the "Five 
Nations" and to look after the defence of the 
town. He made his will February 3, 1701-02. 
He married Wyntie Cornelise Bosch, daugh- 
ter of Cornelis Teunese and Maritje Thamase 
(Mengael) Bosch. Children: Evert; Shib- 
boleth; Hannah, married Peter Bronck; Ma- 
rie, married Johannes Van Vechten, of 
Schaghticoke ; Anthony ; Rachel ; Ephraim 
(see forward) ; Petrus. 

(HI) Ephraim, son of Pieter and Wyntie 
Cornelise (Bosch) Bogardus, was baptized 
August 14, 1687. He married, September 
23, 1720, Agnietje De Garno. Children: Pe- 
trus, Catharina Wyntie, Ephraim, (see for- 
ward) ; Jacob, Catharina (2), Maria and 
Anna. 

(IV) Ephraim (2), son of Ephraim and 
Agnietje (De Garno) Bogardus, was baptized 
August 7, 1726. He married and had issue. 

(V) Ephraim (3), son of Ephraim Bo- 
gardus (2), was born about 1750. He mar- 
ried and had issue. 

(VI) John, son of Ephraim (3) Bogardus, 
was born in 1781, and was one of the pioneers 
■of the town of Berne, Albany county, New 
York, which he served as supervisor. He 
served in the war of 1812 as a private. He 
owned a good farm in Berne, still in pos- 
session of the Bogardus family. He married 
in 1800. at the early age of nineteen years, 
Anna Dietz, a descendant of Colonel Johan 
Jost Dietz, founder of the family in Albany 



county, who was born in Switzerland, and 
was one of the first settlers in the town of 
Berne, going there between 1750 and 1760. 
Children of John and Anna Bogardus : Adam, 
Maria, Elizabeth, Catherine, Cornelia, Mar- 
garet, Ephraim, Barbara, Caroline and John 
Jost, all of whom married. 

(VII) John Jost, son of John and Anna 
(Dietz) Bogardus, was born in the town of 
Berne, Albany county, New York, May 16, 
1829. He was a farmer, and a member of 
the Lutheran church. Politically he was a 
Republican. He died October 19, 1864. He 
married, in 1856, Martha C. Engle. Children : 
I. Ardella, married Wheeler W. Engle, of 
whom further. 2. Anna, born March 8, i860; 
married Noel E. Sisson, of whom further. 
Mr. Sisson left his fortune at his widow's 
disposal, and she used it for human better- 
ment. She was a woman of most remarkable 
characteristics. She had wonderful talents, 
possessed a philanthropic spirit and a purely 
unselfish nature. She wanted all to have life, 
and have it abundantly. The people she 
helped during her life were legion. There was 
not a charity in Albany that has not been 
benefitted by her timely aid. The First Chris- 
tian Church of Albany is largely due to her 
generosity. She made possible the erection of 
the new church edifice by a first gift of 
$15,000. She died September 7, 1908. Her 
sister, Mrs. Ardella Bogardus Engle, survives 
Mrs. Sisson, to whose memory she has placed 
a beautiful memorial window in the First 
Christian Church of Albany. As a more lasting 
and practical memorial to the sister to whom 
she was devoted, Mrs. Engle has endowed 
the "Anna Bogardus Sisson" chair of presi- 
dency at Defiance College, Defiance, Ohio. 
Nothing could be more fitting and in keeping 
with the spirit of Mrs. Sisson than these me- 
morials. While her life was of such a char- 
acter, and her influence so great as to need 
no memorials to keep her memory green, yet 
that her name is indissolubly connected with 
the college will prove an inspiration to all who 
come to know her noble spirit, and her name 
will grace, sanctify and baptize with a spirit 
of consecration the chair that will bear it. 

Mrs. Ardella Bogardus Engle, the surviving 
sister, resides in Albany, but has her summer 
home on the old Engle homestead in Berne. 
She has the benevolent spirit of her sister, 
who trusted implicitly her business sagacity 
and left many unfinished plans that have been 
carried to completion by Mrs. Engle. Neither 
of the sisters was blessed with children. 

Wheeler W. Engle was a son of Adam, and 
a grandson of Christopher Engle, who was 
a farmer of Berne, Albany county. New York, 




Co 



i^g-^^^/^^o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



and one of the prominent men of that town. 
He married Judith Weidman, daughter of 
one of the old families, and reared a large 
family ; one son, William H., was a prominent 
member of the Schoharie county bar and a 
leading citizen and lawyer of the town of 
Middleburg. 

Adam, son of Christopher and Judith 
(Weidman) Engle, was bom in Albany coun- 
ty, New York, and became one of the leading 
farmers of the town of Berne. He married 
Martha Kniskern, who bore him two children. 
Wheeler W., elder child of Adam and 
Martha (Kniskern) Engle, was bom in the 
town of Berne. I\Iarch 31, 1861, died Au- 
g'ust 13, 1909. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools, and after leaving school followed 
the occupation of a farmer in the town of 
his birth. He was a well informed man of 
studious tastes, having a great love for books. 
His reading covered a wide range, giving him 
more than an ordinary knowledge of a great 
variety of useful and profitable subjects. He 
was a man of genial nature and well liked by 
all who knew him. He was a member of 
the Lutheran church, and a Republican in poli- 
tics. He married Ardella Bogardus and died 
without issue. (See Bogardus.) 

Noel E. Sisson was born in "Hunters 
Land," Albany County, New York, January 
23, 1821. His father was a farmer with a 
large family, and life was a struggle for a 
livelihood. The lad was of rather slender 
physique and, thirsting for an education, left 
home and began work in a store in Hunters 
Land. His employer, who had been a school- 
master, agreed to teach him and furnish books 
as compensation for his services. The lad, 
who was now fourteen years of age, soon 
found that the promised instruction was main- 
ly manual and not mental, but he remained a 
year, spending all his spare time with such 
books as he could secure. He then left the 
store, walked the entire distance to Johns- 
town, New York, where he secured employ- 
ment, and found a way to enter the academy 
there. He made good use of his time in the 
next few years, working hard out of school 
hours at various employments, teaching school 
in the country, and at last felt that he had ex- 
hausted all the opportunities Johnstown then 
offered. He came to Albany, where he be- 
came familiar with the art of photography. 
He was now twenty-four years of age, and 
after careful preparation, he opened a photo- 
graph gallery at the corner of Maiden Lane 
and Broadway. He succeeded beyond his ex- 
pectations and soon enlarged his business, 
adding a line of photographic supplies, and 
built up a large business, which he continued 



for fourteen years. About 1859, Donald Mac- 
Donald, a Scotchman and a friend of Noel 
E. Sisson, after returning from a trip abroad, 
came to him and solicited the loan of a thou- 
sand dollars which he wished to invest in 
a plant for making gas meters. MacDonald's 
brother was engaged in that business m the 
old country and had convinced him that it 
was one that could be conducted profitably in 
Albany. The loan was made, Mr. Sisson hav- 
ing confidence in his friend, and being always 
willing to lend the hand of assistance. Later 
another loan was applied for and granted ; 
MacDonald had his plant in operation in a 
small way, but needed capital. He finally 
offered Mr. Sisson a half interest in exchange 
for suiificient money to meet the demands of 
his growing business. The arrangement was 
made, and the firm of D. MacDonald & Co. 
was formed in 1859, and still continues. The 
elder MacDonald died and his place in the 
firm was taken by his son. The little plant 
of 1859 grew to a stately building running 
through from Lancaster to Chestnut street, 
and in 1897 was giving employment to two 
hundred men. Financial success came to 
Noel E. Sisson in abundance and his wealth 
was freely used for the best purposes. He 
was interested in many other Albany enter- 
prises. He was a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Albany, and of the Commerce 
Insurance Company ; president of the Gas 
Light Company of Bath, Steuben county. New 
York, and other lesser concerns. He was a 
charter member of the Fort Orange Club and 
a Republican in politics. During his latter 
years he spent much time at his pleasant 
home on Lancaster street, working amid his 
flowers and in his garden. He was plain 
and unpretentious, industrious and persever- 
ing, of genial manners, sturdy, honest and 
extremely scrupulous in keeping his promises, 
generous and liberal to old friends and worthy 
charities, regarding his wealth as a sacred 
trust. He married (first) Emmeline, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Griffin, of Middleburg, Schoharie 
county. New York. Children : i. Eleanor, 
married Daniel C. Bennett. 2. Frank N., 
was associated with D. MacDonald & Co., 
as salesman and representative at Columbus, 
Ohio ; later with Welsbach Co. ; married 
Minnie Brayton, of Albany, New York. Noel 
E. Sisson married (second) Anna Bogardus, 
who survived him without issue. (See Bo- 
gardus.) 



Hathorn McCulloch was 

McCULLOCH the founder in America of 

the McCulloch family now 

living on the estate known as Flathorden, at 



512 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Clinton Heights, distant about two miles from 
the city of Rensselaer (formerly village of 
Greenbush), on east bank of the Hudson, op- 
posite the city of Albany. 

(I) He was born in VVigton, a shire of Gal- 
loway, Scotland, December 5, 1773, son of 
Andrew and Ann (Allan) McCulloch, grand- 
son of Andrew and Agnes (Parker) McCul- 
loch, great-grandson of William and Grissell 
(Shallane) McCulloch. William McCulloch 
was a man of large possessions and of a long 
lineage. He belonged to the branch of the 
family known as of Myerton, or Myrtown 
Arms, in the Scottish Registry: Described, 
erm. efret engr. gu. Crest: A hand throw- 
ing a dart ppr. Motto : Vi et animo. 

The McCulIochs, as a family or clan in 
Scotland, when that country was unassociated 
with England, and for a long period there- 
after, were noted as an influence and power to 
be considered by their contemporaries during 
that stormy period. The name appears not 
infrequently in local annals, in the annals of 
neighboring clans or families, and in the his- 
tory of Scotland itself, though no compre- 
hensive history of the family as such (as there 
is of many others) appears to be extant at the 
present day. 

Though Hathorn McCulloch brought from 
his native land little beside his own person- 
ality, having been a youngest son, his direct 
progenitors for generations back were people 
of standing and consequence in the locality 
in which they lived. He came to America, 
settling in the city of Albany, New York, 
about the year 1795. He early made a place 
for himself in a business way, and at a date 
which cannot now be recalled, formed a part- 
nership with a Mr. Boyd, and the firm under 
the name of Boyd & McCulloch engaged in 
the brewing and malting business. The busi- 
ness established by this firm was eminently 
successful, has thrived under various succeed- 
ing owners, and continues in existence to this 
day. 

Mr. McCulloch married at an early age, 
and established a home for himself and fam- 
ily in the city, but a country life appealed 
to him ; therefore, when the opportunity of- 
fered, he purchased from the United States 
government, about the year 1830, the military 
reservation known as the Greenbush Canton- 
ment, near Greenbush and Albany, consisting 
of about four hundred acres of land, with 
many buildings thereon, including an impos- 
ing headquarters, large barracks for officers 
and soldiers, store houses, stables, etc., etc. 
This military post was an important factor 
in the conduct of the war of 1812. Largely 
from here were drawn the troops who, com- 



manded by General McComb, with Commo- 
dore McDonough on the lakes, defeated the 
British at the battle of Plattsburg. 

After remodeling one of the government 
buildings (still standing) and making there- 
from a spacious house for himself on this 
large estate, he divested it of its military 
features, remodeling such buildings as he re- 
quired, razing the rest, and converted the 
lands, with suitable buildings, into a model 
farm. This accomplished, he with his family 
removed from the Albany home, and shortly 
thereafter he relinquished his interest in the 
city business, retaining, however, some valu- 
able city real estate, and continued to live at 
the Cantonment in contented retirement until 
his death, at an advanced age, in 1859. Ha- 
thorn McCulloch was a man of robust phy- 
sique, great energy, and fine mental attain- 
ments. In his leisure hours he read exten- 
sively, and delighted in the study of mathe- 
matics. His large circle of friends and ac- 
quaintances during his early life and middle 
age embraced about every one worthy of 
note in the then small city of Albany. Among 
the most noteworthy of his personal friends 
was De Witt Clinton, illustrious among the 
governors of New York. In politics he had 
always been a Democrat, being especially an 
admirer of Jackson and Van Buren, but in 
the last presidential election before his demise 
he cast his vote for Fremont and Dayton. 

A few years after his settlement in Albany 
he married Miss Christina McFarland, of 
the town of New Scotland, near Albany. She, 
as was her husband, was born in Scotland 
(October, 1779), daughter of Dr. John Mc- 
Farland, of Glasgow. She was related to the 
Buchanan family, that having been the family 
of her mother. She esteemed the Buchanans 
very highly and caused the name to be perpetu- 
ated in the persons of several of her grand- 
sons. She was a worthy consort to Hathorn 
McCulloch and shared with him both his 
early and more advanced and declining years. 
She died in 1858. To them were born two 
sons — John Hathorn and William Alexander, 
and a daughter. Mary Ann. John H. in early 
manhood married and established himself near 
Buffalo ; he died at an early age, the result of 
an accident, having been thrown from his 
horse, and his sons, on arriving at maturity, 
moved farther west ; some of his descendants 
are now making names for themselves, but his 
and their records do not pertain to the locality 
in which the founder of the family made his 
home. Mary Ann married Benjamin Bostwick 
Kirtland ; she is noted elsewhere in this work. 

(II) ^^'iIIiam Alexander, second son of 
Hathorn and Christiana (McFarland) Mc- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



513 



CuUoch, was born in Albany, February 14, 
1810, where his boyhood days were spent. 
He graduated from the Albany Boys' Acad- 
emy, an institution of learning founded in 
the year 1813, and still existing. He never 
supplemented the instruction there received 
by a college course, but always spoke in high 
praise of the thoroughness and comprehen- 
siveness of the course of study taught at 
that school while he was a student there, and 
it was with almost veneration that he es- 
teemed Dr. T. Romeyn Beck, the principal 
and chief instructor, who for many years con- 
trolled the academy, and whose memory is 
revered to this day by that venerable institu- 
tion of learning. To the foundation of his 
education received at the academy he added 
much in the way of technical knowledge by 
personal study in after life. An incident of 
his school days was his shaking the hand of 
Lafayette on the occasion of that patriot's 
visit to Albany in 1824. 

Upon his coming of age he already found 
himself intimately acquainted with the de- 
tails of his father's extensive business ; the 
latter trusted him implicitly, and even sought 
his advice in many matters of importance. It 
has been said by some that it was his son 
William who first noted the future possibili- 
ties of the Cantonment property and induced 
the father to purchase the same from the 
United States government. On the removal 
of the family to the home of the Cantonment 
estate, William was in his element as chief 
assistant to his father in the arduous task of 
getting the property in shape, not only as 
to affording a suitable home, but that it 
should be productive. He married, July 7, 
1841, and about this time his father deeded 
to him in land area approximately one-half 
of the Cantonment estate, upon which he 
built a house and other buildings, and com- 
menced to live there late in the following 
year. He named the estate Hathorden, from 
his father's name, and it was his home there- 
after as long as he lived. 

Shortly previous to his marriage he pur- 
chased a large malt house in Albany and en- 
gaged in the malting business. After his 
marriage he associated with himself as a 
partner his brother-in-law, Mr. E. C. Aikin, 
under the firm name of Wm. A. McCulloch 
& Co. Mr. Aikin had other business con- 
nections and this partnership was of only a 
few years' duration. While it existed it pur- 
chased on a venture a large tract of land 
(1856) in North CaroHna, with the purpose 
of exploiting the mineral deposits in which 
it was rich, but the outbreak of the civil war 
caused the non-success of the enterprise. The 



land is now held by one of Mr. McCuUoch's 
sons jointly with the heirs of Mr. Aikin. 

The malting business (then a great indus- 
try in Albany) yielded generous profits to 
Mr. McCulloch, though it was somewhat dis- 
tasteful to him as a business. Therefore, 
when during the year 1863 the opportunity 
offered to sell out and close the business so 
far as he was concerned, at great advantage, 
he availed himself of it, and retired from 
active business. 

He was idealistic as to the occupation of 
farming, and it was early in life his ambi- 
tion to personally operate his own farm, 
which he made a model one at great expense 
in the way of reclaiming swamp land through 
extensive drainage, the erection of fine build- 
ings, and in other ways, but a year or two 
at a time, at different periods, in such opera- 
tions, with its wearying detail, demonstrated 
to him that farming was not for him, and on 
relinquishing each attempt he either turned 
over the farm management to his second son, 
or leased to a tenant. With these exceptions 
noted, after his retirement from business in 
1863, his only occupation up to the time of 
his demise was the care of his vested inter- 
ests and such recreations as his taste or in- 
clination dictated. 

In early manhood he took a lively interest 
in politics and was an ardent worker in the 
party to which he belonged, but though offered 
him, he did not care for nor would accept a 
political ofiice, though he did a military one. 
Like his father, he was a Democrat, and an 
admirer of Jackson and Van Buren, but when 
the new party lines were formed on the ques- 
tion of slavery, he joined the new Republican 
party, which was his party thereafter as long 
as he lived. Though always taking an inter- 
est in political matters, in his later years he 
ceased all activity in that line, contenting 
himself in the casting of his vote, in which 
duty he was always punctilious. 

After the war of 1812 and almost up to 
the fifties of the preceding century, the mil- 
itia of the state of New York embraced with 
few exemptions every man capable of bear- 
ing arms. Mr. McCulloch took a keen inter- 
est in the militia, and, being thorough in 
everything he undertook, he entered the serv- 
ice, first as quartermaster with the rank of 
major, and later was chief of staff with the 
rank of colonel on the staff of Major General 
Henry J. Genet, a division commander. This 
officer was a son of Edmond Charles Genet, 
known in history as Citizen Genet. It was 
said of the general during his military career 
that he took great pride in his command, and 
that his personal staff, of which Colonel Mc- 



5^4 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Culloch was the chief, was composed of young 
men of high social standing and efficient in 
the discharge of their duties. They were all 
fine horsemen and of soldierly appearance and 
bearing. 

In character and mental attainments, Col- 
onel McCulIoch was worthy of emulation, 
though his modesty and a shrinking from 
notoriety of any kind amounted to defects in 
his character which prevented him from at- 
taining more than a celebrity which was al- 
most entirely local in extent. His literary 
taste was rare and discriminating, and dur- 
ing his lifetime he accumulated quite an ex- 
tensive library. He also kept posted with 
the contemporaneous events of the day, as 
v.'ell as keeping a dairy himself, noting not 
only events of a personal nature but such of 
general interest as he deemed worthy of rec- 
ord. This record only ended with his life. 

Almost entirely through self-instruction 
and for his amusement as well as for the 
knowledge sought, he was an architect, en- 
gineer and chemist. He was first led to in- 
terest in the last-named science through his 
early association with Joseph Henry, for 
many years curator of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution, Washington, whose friendship he en- 
joyed as long as he lived, and with whom he 
not infrequently corresponded. His knowl- 
edge of architecture enabled him to design 
his own house at Hathornden, which stands 
as a monument to his ability in that line. 

He never had occasion to look to others 
for aid, and he was not much of an advocate 
of indiscriminate charity, but to those he 
loved and upon whom he felt it incumbent to 
bestow assistance, he gave with a liberal hand, 
and the needy stranger was never turned 
from his door unaided. He was a member 
of the Presbyterian church. Like his father, 
in his early years and middle life his ac- 
quaintance was large, and his friends many 
who held him in high esteem, but he outlived 
all his contemporaries of that period. He 
was in possession of all his mental faculties, 
and, for his years, of considerable vigor up to 
within a little more than a week of his death, 
which occurred January 28, 1900, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-nine years and eleven 
months. 

William Alexander McCulloch married, 
July 7, 1841, Caroline Matilda, youngest 
daughter and child of William A. and Caro- 
line Matilda (Cary) Akin. Mr. Akin was 
a man of large possessions in the old settle- 
ment of Greenbush, and afterwards of the 
incorporated village of that name, of which he 
was the founder. He was during his life- 
time preeminently its foremost citizen. The 



Cary family (to which Mrs. McCulloch's mo- 
ther belonged) originated in New England, 
by one of three brothers (the other two going 
south), who came to America in the early 
colonial period, and were of the English 
Carys, many of whose members were emi- 
nent, especially during the late Tudor and 
early Stuart periods of English history, per- 
haps the most notable having been Lord 
Falkland, who figured largely during the 
stormy reign of Charles I. and the Common- 
wealth. 

Mrs. McCulloch's maternal grandfather 
was Major Ebenezer Cary, an officer in the 
revolutionary army. A great-grandfather 
was Captain Joshua Champlin, who was on 
officer in the colonial army at the siege of 
Louisburg, and with the forces at Lake 
George, 1755, and during the revolution com- 
manded a company in the same regiment with 
his son-in-law, Major Cary. A more remote 
ancestor (a Champlin) was in the battle of 
the Swamp, during King Philip's war. The 
late Sir William Howland, of Toronto (an 
American by birth), once governor of On- 
tario, Canada, was a cousin of Mrs. McCul- 
loch, Sir William's mother having been a 
sister of William Akin, her father. He died 
only a few years ago, at an advanced age. 

Caroline Matilda Akin was born October 
30, 1816, in Greenbush, in the home of her 
father, which is still standing in the present 
city of Rensselaer, corner of Broadway and 
Akin avenue, and is unsurpassed to-day by 
any residence in the city. She finished her 
education at the Albany Girls' Academy, an 
institution of learning then as now of high 
character. Those who remembered her after 
her school days spoke of her as possessing 
about every accomplishment then in vogue 
among young ladies except music, for which 
she thought herself she had not sufficient tal- 
ent to cultivate. She was skillful with both 
brush and pencil, and in English composition 
especially excelled. In appearance and man- 
ner attractive, added to a vivacious and im- 
pulsive disposition, her companionship was 
largely sought by the large circle of her 
numerous relatives and friends. Upon her 
marriage she went with her husband to his 
home at the Cantonment, but on the comple- 
tion of the house at Hathornden they entered 
upon their hfe at their new and attractive 
home. Here she presided as mistress with 
a charming grace and hospitality, bringing up 
her young children with a loving care, but 
after a little more than a decade of married 
life she suffered a terrible affliction in the 
form of a mental derangement from which 
she never recovered and which necessitated 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



515 



her removal from her home that she might 
receive constant and unremitting care. She 
was possessed of an estate in her own right, 
consisting of both real and personal property, 
which was kept intact for her during her life- 
time, and which fell to her two surviving 
sons. She died January i, 1893. To Colonel 
and Mrs. McCulloch were born three sons — • 
William Hathorn, Aiken, and Walter Bu- 
chanan. 

(HI) William Hathorn McCulloch, eldest 
son of William Alexander and Caroline Ma- 
tilda (Akin) McCulloch, was born Septem- 
ber 15, 1842, at the Cantonment, the house 
of his parents at Hathornden not being ready 
for occupancy at the time of his birth. He 
attended several primary schools in Green- 
bush and Albany, also taking a course at the 
Albany Boys' Academy, from there going to 
the celebrated Philips Academy at Andover, 
Massachusetts. Deciding upon the law as a 
profession, he took up its study at Yale uni- 
versity, ultimately finishing at the Albany 
Law School. After his admission to the bar, 
he supplemented the legal instruction already 
received by a course of reading in the law 
office of Cagger & Porter, who were noted 
practitioners in their day. While so engaged 
he joined a crack military company in Al- 
bany, known as the Albany Zouave Cadets, 
organized i860, in which year the subject of 
this sketch joined it. This company became 
famous as a preparatory school for the train- 
ing -of its members to become officers com- 
petent to take commands in the volunteer 
regiments soon to be raised in the near im- 
pending civil war, and after the war had 
commenced it continued to so send its well 
equipped members as officers where their 
services could be of value through their train- 
ing. It celebrated the fiftieth anniversaiy of 
its organization June 7, 1910. While Mr. 
McCulloch was in the ranks of this company 
it was twice called into active service by the 
state to do guard duty at the Albany bar- 
racks, where raw levies of volunteers were 
stationed preparatory to their proper organ- 
ization and equipment for duty at the front in 
the war which had broken out early in 1861. 

In the following year, 1862, he received 
a commission as second lieutenant, and was 
assigned to Company H, One Hundred and 
Seventy-seventh Regiment, New York S. V. 
This regiment was composed largely in per- 
sonnel both as to officers and enlisted men, 
of members of the Tenth Regiment, N. G. 
S. N. Y., of which the Albany Zouave Ca- 
dets was Company A. William H. McCul- 
loch's was the eighty-second name on the ros- 
ter of cadets of those of that company to be 



commissioned, and in the volunteer service 
he was one among its very youngest officers 
to be selected from civil life, having not yet 
attained the age of twenty years when com- 
missioned. His regiment left Albany early in 
the following year (1863) and went from 
New York by ship to New Orleans, where it 
joined the army commanded by General 
Banks. While doing picket duty with his 
company shortly after his arrival at the front, 
Lieutenant McCulloch received, for one of 
his rank, quite an extended notice in the pa- 
pers for his clever capture of a Confederate 
spy, who naturally would have suffered exe- 
cution had he not escaped from the careless 
hands of one of higher rank to whom the cap- 
tor gave him in custody. 

The lieutenant participated in all the vari- 
ous skirmishes (some of which might be 
called engagements) and in the two pitched 
battles in which his regiment took a promi- 
nent part. Much of the time he was the 
actual commander of his company, his cap- 
tain having been killed in the first battle, and 
the first lieutenant being assigned to staflf 
duty. At the first battle of Port Hudson, 
May 27, 1863, his regiment, with most of the 
army, charged the earthworks, strongly de- 
fended by the infantry and artillery of the 
enemy, and strewn in front with felled tim- 
ber and other entanglements, disarranging 
the proper alignment of the attacking forces. 
In the charge he was in front of his company 
and close to his captain, who was encouraging 
on his men, when this officer turned to his 
subaltern and told him that he should return 
to his proper place in the immediate rear of 
the company to push on the wavering rather 
than to lead, which was his (the captain's) 
place. This rebuke to the lieutenant was the 
captain's last duty performed ; he had hardly 
uttered the last word when a bullet from the 
' enemy laid him low with a mortal wound. 
Shortly after this the recall was sounded, and 
defeat with heavy loss was the result of the 
action. The second battle, June 14, over 
about the same ground, had a similar ending 
— defeat and heavy loss. Both actions were 
said to have been military blunders in their 
inception, as the enemy were soon after 
starved into submission and surrender by the 
regular process of siege interrupted by these 
two actions. On the return of the regiment 
from the war. Lieutenant McCulloch was 
mustered out vvith the rest and returned to 
civil life. 

During the last year of the war, in asso- 
ciation with a former college chum, he con- 
tracted with and furnished the government 
large quantities of hay from the vicinity of 



5i6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Whitehall, New York. Though the enterprise 
was extensive, but little profit accrued there- 
from. This was the only commercial ven- 
ture in which he ever engaged. 

He was on the point of forming a law part- 
nership in the city of Albany, when he con- 
cluded that the west promised a better field 
for the young practitioner, and acting on 
this impulse, he went to St. Louis, commenc- 
ing the practice of law there. After several 
years in that city a case in which he was en- 
gaged took him to the near-by town of Wash- 
ington, in Franklin county, Missouri. Liking 
the place, he removed to that town and con- 
tinued his successful practice there for a 
number of years. His somewhat restless dis- 
position chafed under the slow rewards of his 
professional life, so when gold was discovered 
in the Black Hills, he, with several other 
professional men of his town, went there with 
the view of bettering their fortunes. Not 
succeeding there, he returned to Washington, 
and shortly thereafter went to the territory 
of New ]\Iexico, prospecting and mining again 
being the object. After several years there, 
he attained a degree of success which would 
have satisfied many, but which was not com- 
mensurate with his expectations and ambi- 
tion. With the purpose of further advance- 
ment, in the year 1883 he, with two associ- 
ates, one of whom was Colonel Prescott (who 
gave the name to the city or town of Pres- 
cott, Arizona), equipped themselves with a 
very elaborate outfit, including pack animals, 
mounts, and the necessary paraphernalia, 
with ready funds incident to conducting a 
prospect for paying mineral. This expensive 
outfit contributed to their undoing, as will be 
seen. They started out into an unexplored 
region and never returned. Diligent search 
was made for them by organized parties, in 
one of which was Mr. McCulloch's brother, 
but no trace of them living could be found. * 
It was not until several years had elapsed 
that the remains of this party were found and 
recognized by papers and relics found with 
them, the discoverer being a single prospector 
with an attendant Indian boy. It was after- 
wards learned that the value of the outfit had 
aroused the cupidity of a roving band of rob- 
bers (perhaps organized for the purpose) of 
renegade whites and Mexicans, who am- 
bushed and slew the party and made ofif with 
their plunder. It was impossible to properly 
distinguish the separate individuality of the 
remains found. Mr. McCulloch's father 
caused the sheriff of the county to inter the 
remains and erect a monument with suitable 
inscription where the unfortunate men fell. 
The precise date of i\Ir. McCulloch's death 



will never be known, but it probably occurred 
in the early months of the year 1884, when 
he was aged about forty-one years. 

William Hathorn McCulloch was nearly 
six feet in height, and of sturdy build ; his 
features were almost classic in outline, 
and his general appearance impressive. In 
aptitude for acquiring knowledge and infor- 
mation, he had more than the usual allot- 
ment, and he availed himself of it. Besides 
the knowledge acquired, necessary to the pur- 
suit of his profession, he was remarkably 
well informed in history, both ancient and 
modern, and well read in the current litera- 
ture of his day, besides being a fluent writer 
and ready speaker. Unlike his father and 
grandfather, his tastes did not lead him in the 
direction of scientific or technical knowledge. 
He was genial and impulsive in manner, 
everywhere popular, and a leader among his 
fellows. He never married. 

(Ill) Aiken, second son of William Alex- 
ander and Caroline M. (Akin) McCulloch, 
the existing head of the family, was born 
June 19, 1847, ^t Hathornden, his present 
home and possession. In boyhood he attended 
schools in the vicinity of his home, including 
the Albany Boys' Academy. Early in life 
it seeming that it would one day be his lot 
to be the proprietor of Hathornden, his edu- 
cation was shaped to that end, in that his 
scholastic course was finished at the State Ag- 
ricultural College of Pennsylvania. 

In the brief sketch of his father's lifp it 
will be noted that he (his father) at varying 
periods personally operated his own farm. 
On these occasions his son Aiken was his 
right hand or executive officer, who relieved 
him of much detail for which he was un- 
adapted, and made success when failure with- 
out his assistance might have resulted. For 
a number of years Aiken McCulloch, either 
under a lease from his father or through a 
sharing of profits, conducted the farm him- 
self, and always with satisfactory results, but 
it eventually became evident to him that the 
actual farmer can only win out by undergoing 
a drudgery which he did not feel called upon 
to endure, which resulted finally in his leasing 
the farm to a tenant, as his father had done 
before him, and for which the place was 
always adapted by being equipped with a 
commodious house built purposely to accom- 
modate employed labor by the proprietor, or a 
tenant farmer and his own family and force. 
Such were the conditions when in the year 
1900, through the death of his father, he be- 
came the owner of the estate, together with 
other property devised to him by will, and 
this is the present status, except that the pro- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



517 



prietor reserves sufficient land to furnish hay 
to his horses and other stock required by a 
country family. 

Being relieved from the exactions incident 
to farming and other active business, Mr. Mc- 
CuUoch has had and has much leisure time 
on his hands, but takes little enjoyment in 
anything unshared with him by his family. 
The social life made possible by a commodi- 
ous and attractive home and an extended and 
agreeable acquaintance has been and is his 
and their lot to enjoy, which in the past has 
been diversified by travel, both in their own 
■country and abroad. 

Aiken McCulloch is a lover of all legiti- 
mate sports. A pastime much enjoyed by 
him is riding, as he is an excellent horseman, 
and ever in his stable he has a ready mount. 
Like his progenitors, he has read much on a 
diversity of subjects, and is a mentally well 
equipped and well informed man. He is of 
moderate height and build, erect, and en- 
joys good health. He has ever been held in 
high esteem in the community in which he 
has always lived. Unlike his brothers, he has 
never joined the Masonic fraternity, nor the 
patriotic societies of comparatively recent or- 
igin, to which his ancestry would make him 
eligible. He is a Republican, though never 
active in politics. He and his family are 
all members of the Presbyterian church. 

Aiken McCulloch and Lottie L. Ham were 
married October 11, 1883. Mrs. McCulloch 
is a daughter of the late Chester Griswold 
and Charlotte (Lyon) Ham, and was born 
in the village of Greenbush. Her father was 
of the original Dutch stock which settled in 
New York state early in the seventeenth cen- 
tury. Mr. Ham was long an official of the 
Boston & Albany railway, but in the last 
years of his life was engaged in business in 
Bath, a corporate village of which he was for 
several terms the president. Here he built 
a fine residence, with spacious grounds sur- 
rounding same, commanding a view of rarely 
surpassed excellence, which includes in its 
range the Hudson river, the city of Albany, 
and adjacent country. His widow now owns 
and occupies this home. Bath is now part of 
the city of Rensselaer. 

Mrs. McCulloch's mother is of the Lyon 
family, which early settled in New England. 
General Nathaniel Lyon, who fell in the bat- 
tle of Wilson's Creek, Missouri, during the 
civil war, was a near relative. A great- 
grandfather was Waitstal Avery. The Averys 
were a distinguished family, and figured 
prominently both in New England and the 
South during the Colonial and Revolutionary 
period of our country. 



Upon entering the home of her husband as 
a bride, Mrs. McCulloch found herself at 
once its mistress. Her father-in-law, upon 
her marriage with his son, in effect abdicated 
as head of his establishment and was there- 
after more like an honored guest of his son 
and young wife than the actual head of the 
house. Notwithstanding this he was always 
deferred to in matters of importance and his 
wishes ever regarded. Hathornden had for 
years been without a real mistress, and in the 
new incumbent it found one of rare grace, 
charm, and ability in management. Besides 
her own pervading personality she brought to 
her new home the joy of music, she having 
been (and is) skillful in that accomplishment 
both through her rich voice in song and as a 
pianist. She has ever presided over her home 
with the same charm as inaugurated in her 
early married life. She delights in enter- 
taining the large circle of the family acquain- 
tance, who find in her and her husband host- 
ess and host whom it is a pleasure and a 
privilege to meet. Mr. and Mrs. McCulloch 
have a son, William Alexander, and a daugh- 
ter, Anne Charlotte. 

(IV) William Alexander McCulloch, 
named for his grandfather of revered memory, 
is now a cadet at the United States Military 
Academy at West Point, representing the 
twenty-second congressional district of New 
York state. The fact that he is at that world 
famous school for the preparing of young 
men for commissions in the army, with its 
rigid requirements both as to mental and phy- 
sical qualifications, is, for one so young, al- 
most enough of record for him. The future 
is his concern, and it is to be hoped, with 
such a propitious start, that he will make a 
name and fame for himself in his country's 
service. His boyhood days at home before go- 
ing to West Point were about as those of the 
boys of the period, except that for one so 
young he had traveled not a little. He is of 
an amiable disposition, regular in features, tall 
of stature, and as a result of his present train- 
ing, of very erect figure and of soldierly bear- 
ing. 

(IV) Anne Charlotte McCulloch, generally 
known as Charlotte McCulloch, only recently 
finished as to education, is a young woman 
of charm both as to person and manner. She 
is the idol in the household of her parents, 
which she helps largely to adorn. She is very 
popular in a large circle which embraces her 
near relatives and an extended acquaintance. 
She has many accomplishments, enhanced by 
her experiences in an extended tour through 
Great Britain and Continental Europe with 
her parents a few years since. She inherits 



5ii 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



from both her parents a fondness for horses, 
and is both an equestrienne and a whip of 
courage and skill. 

(IH) Walter Buchanan McCuUoch, third 
and youngest son of William Alexander and 
Caroline M. A. McCulloch, was born at Ha- 
thornden, December 2, 1849. In his early 
education a course in the classics was corn- 
menced and pursued to some length, but it 
was decided that this should be dropped and 
a technical course substituted. In early boy- 
hood he attended, among other schools of 
more or less merit, the Albany Boys' Acad- 
erhy, as had his father and brothers, and he 
finally finished at the Rensselaer Polytechnic 
Institute at Troy. A few months after leav- 
ing that famous technical institute of learn- 
ing an opening offered and he went to Iowa, 
and as a civil engineer in the department of 
maintenance of way on a railroad operated in 
that state, acted as assistant to the chief en- 
gineer. In this position his duties were much 
of an executive character, he frequently act- 
ing as head of an important department dur- 
ing the absence of his chief. Thereafter 
most of his work had to do with railroad 
construction ; generally with the title of divi- 
sion engineer, many divisious of various rail- 
roads were built under his direct charge and 
supervision. In this particular field of opera- 
tions he was in his element. Commencing in 
Iowa in 1871 and ending in Virginia in 1894, 
the practice of his profession as a civil en- 
gineer took him to many states of the Union. 
From 1894 to 1900 his activities were con- 
fined to operations of minor importance and 
near his home. 

An interruption to his duties incident to 
the pursuit of his profession occurred in the 
year 1884, when the disappearance of his eld- 
est brother (as noted in biographical sketch 
of William Hathorn McCulloch) caused him 
to leave Missouri, where he was actively en- 
gaged, and at the behest of his father, pro- 
ceed to New Mexico in search of his lost 
brother, whose fate was then unknown. 
Though with ample funds at his command 
and armed with credentials from the governor 
of New York state which obtained for him 
rare consideration from officials, both civil 
and military, his search through not only 
New Mexico but the adjacent territory of 
Arizona, by every means of conveyance ex- 
cept afoot, was without result. Hardly had 
he finished this search and left its scene when 
that rapacious and murderous savage, Gero- 
nimo, the Indians broke out and plundered 
and killed over much of the country passed 
over by him. Had he from any cause de- 
layed his expedition only by three weeks at 



most, the tragic fate of his brother might 
easily have been his. 

Some of his operations other than as per- 
tained to railroad work may be noted briefiy 
as follows : For the United States govern- 
ment as manager for a contractor he built 
part of the Panther forest levee on the Mis- 
sissippi river, in Arkansas ; opened up and 
started in operation a coal mine in Iowa ; 
was inspector of river improvement for the 
state of New York, in operations on the Hud- 
son river, and was one of a timber explora- 
tion party on the north shore of the Great 
Lakes in the British possessions. This last- 
named enterprise, undertaken in the winter 
time, had to him, at least, some of the char- 
acteristics of an Arctic expedition. , 

In the year 1900, on the death of his father, 
Walter B. McCulloch found himself pos- 
sessed of a property, the income derived from 
which he deemed sufficient for his wants, in- 
asmuch as he has no one dependent upon 
him. Except that he is interested in and a 
director of the Rensselaer County bank, he 
is now in no active business or occupation. 
In the decade just closing (1910) he has trav- 
eled considerably, and as his duties previ- 
ously had taken him extensively over his own 
country, his recreation tours have been al- 
most exclusively in foreign countries. He 
has crossed the Atlantic and returned three 
times, touring through much of Great Brit- 
ain and Continental Europe, and visiting parts 
of Asia and Africa contiguous to the Mediter- 
ranean sea. He is a Free Mason of the 
thirty-second degree, a member of the D. K. 
E. college fraternity, also the Society of Co- 
lonial Wars, Sons of the Revolution, and the 
Albany Club. These various affiliations, to- 
gether with his family connection, have given 
him a large acquaintance. In politics he re- 
serves the right to be independent, but of 
late years has been found with the Republi- 
cans on national questions. In religious faith 
he is a Presbyterian, and a member of that 
church. Fle is of medium height, inclined 
to stoutness in figure, of vigorous constitu- 
tion, and generally enjoys the best of health. 
His home is with his brother and family at 
Hathornden. He is unmarried. 

The Hathornden Estate. — ^The country 
estate known as Hathornden, comprising in 
area about two hundred acres, was formerly 
a part of the Cantonment or military reserva- 
tion purchased by Hathorn McCulloch, the 
grandfather of Aiken McCulloch. the present 
proprietor, and was detached therefrom as 
noted in the biographical sketch of William 
Alexander McCulloch. 

It is largely a farm under cultivation, ex- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



519 



cept that occupying the southeast corner is a 
tract of woodland about fifteen acres in ex- 
tent, and certain reservations of land com- 
prising the roadway leading from the state 
road to the homestead, and the lawns, gar- 
dens, and surroundings of homestead and ad- 
jacent outbuildings, exclusively used by the 
proprietor, and distinct and isolated by well- 
defined boundaries from the farm proper. 
Pertaining to the farm is a house for the ten- 
ant farmer, a large barn and outbuildings, 
and other features necessary to its operation. 
On its westerly side it is bounded by the Co- 
lumbia turnpike (now a state road) ; north- 
erly mostly by the Cantonment estate, and 
elsewhere by the lands of adjacent neighbors. 
Entering from the south and for a distance 
of about two thousand feet nearly paralleling 
the state road, it is crossed by the Albany & 
Southern railroad, the land comprising this 
right of way was donated to the railroad by 
the late Wi'lliam A. McCulloch. The rail- 
road leaves the farm as it crosses the state 
road. Here are situated a small railway sta- 
tion, a country wayside inn, a school house, 
and several houses. This small settlement 
is the nucleus of the community known as 
Clinton Heights, taking in a larger area, dis- 
tant about one and one-half miles from Rensse- 
laer and Albany. Very near this railroad sta- 
tion, and opposite the inn, a gateway flanked 
by tall brick pillars is the entrance to the pri- 
vate roadway leading to the home on the es- 
tate. This road is four rods in width, prop- 
erly arched and graveled, and is shaded most 
of the way by elms on each side, except as it 
approaches entrance to lawn, where maples 
are found. All the trees are of good size 
and of generous foliage. At another gate, 
although not passing through the same, the 
road, narrower in width, diverts toward the 
north towards and through the Cantonment 
estate. This last-named gate is flanked by 
massive masonry pillars adorned by capitals, 
and through it by a graveled roadway the 
lawn surrounding the house is entered upon. 
It is spacious in extent, is traversed by grav- 
eled roadways and walks, interspersed by 
trees of abundant foliage, and shrubbery. On 
a terrace is the house, in a commanding posi- 
tion. It is built of brick, in pure Italian 
style of architecture. The walls are very 
thick, and the structure is in as good con- 
dition as when erected about seventy years 
ago. The house is not so great in extent as 
the cunning of the designer in its construc- 
tion would lead the external observer to infer. 
Viewed from a favorable position on the 
lawn or approaching roadway where the 
western front with its imposing porch, and 



south side with vine-entwined veranda both in 
range, it has in comiection with its surround- 
ings, in appearance the stateliness and dignity 
of a country mansion, which it really is. 

In its interior are many antiques in the way 
of furniture. Among silver, china and cut 
glass ware, are heirlooms of the McCulloch 
and Akin families of preceding generations. 

At convenient distance and to rear of 
house, are stable, carriage house and other 
outbuildings, and on the north and south of 
lawn towards rear are gardens, the one to 
the south being a rare flower garden. 

A view of the city of Albany is obtained 
from the terrace surrounding the house, but 
on a rise of ground a short distance in the 
rear, is one of much greater extent, embrac- 
ing in its range the Hudson river. This in 
bare outline is a description of Hathornden. 
It is really entitled to one of greater scope 
and comprehensiveness than is here set forth. 



Mrs. George Clinton Genet is 
GENET the owner of the estate known 
as the Cantonment, distant about 
one and one-half miles from the city of Rens- 
selaer, which is situated on the east bank of 
the Hudson river, opposite the city of Al- 
bany. Though spending much of her time in 
New York City, during the winter months, 
she regards the Cantonment as her home. 

Augusta Georgia Kirtland Genet, only 
daughter and youngest child of Benjamin 
Bostwick and Mary A. (McCulloch) Kirt- 
land. was born in Augusta, Georgia, where 
her father was engaged in business at the 
time of her birth. Benjamin Bostwick Kirt- 
land, born 1806, died 1859, was of a promi- 
nent New England family of Bridgeport, 
Connecticut, and was a son of Samuel Cook 
and Harriet (Bostwick) Kirtland. Mary A. 
(McCulloch) Kirtland, born 1813, died 1873, 
was the only daughter of Hathorn and Chris- 
tina M. McCulloch. Hathorn McCulloch 
purchased the Cantonment property from the 
United States government about the year 
1830, and established his home there. 

Shortly after the birth of his daughter, Mr. 
Kirtland gave up his business in Georgia, 
brought his family north, and made his home 
with his father-in-law at the Cantonment. He 
took the entire supervision of the farm con- 
nected with the estate, and made many im- 
provements. He became noted as a scientific 
agriculturist and was for some years, until 
ill health forced his retirement, treasurer of 
the New York State Agricultural Society. 
His exhibits at various state fairs were of 
sufficient merit to bring him many premiums, 
in one instance an elaborate service of silver. 



520 



HUDSON AND :\IOHAWK VALLEYS 



For an exhibit sent to the first World's Fair 
at London in 1851, he received a medal and 
a certificate of merit over the signature of 
Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria. 
The Kirtlands had an extended acquaintance 
not only among the neighboring families of 
the heights on the east side of the river, but 
in Albany and elsewhere, and were noted for 
their hospitality. 

Besides their daughter Augusta, Mr. and 
Mrs. Kirtland had two sons, William Hathorn 
and Albert Buchanan. William early in life 
went to New York City, where he engaged 
in business, first with an uncle, afterwards 
for himself. He retired a few years ago 
and now lives at Yonkers. Albert commenced 
in a bank in Albany, making his home with 
his parents during the summer. Aside from 
his business, a military career attracted him. 
He was a member of the famous Albany Zou- 
ave Cadets, a crack military company, and 
•was also aide-de-camp on the staff of Major 
'General John Taylor Cooper, New York 
State Militia. Upon the outbreak of the civil 
war he obtained a commission in the Twelfth 
New York Cavalry, and served with his regi- 
ment throughout the war. At the end of his 
service he was acting brigade quartermaster 
with rank of major. On being mustered out 
he went in business in the south. He died in 
Baltimore in 1896. 

In 1863 Augusta G. Kirtland married 
George Clinton Genet, a lawyer of New 
York City. ]\Ir. Genet had already attained 
prominence in the politics of the city, having 
been identified with the Mozart faction of the 
Democratic party, and had held the office of 
corporation counsel of the municipality. Af- 
ter his marriage he retired from the field of 
politics, confining his activities to the practice 
of law, in which he was eminently successful. 
Fortunate investments, coupled with the in- 
come derived from the practice of his profes- 
sion, brought to him early in life a compe- 
tency. He was tall in stature, erect and of 
impressive appearance, of fine mental attain- 
ments, and of a genial disposition which en- 
deared him to all with whom he came in con- 
tact. He was the youngest son of Edmond 
Charles and Martha Brandon (Osgood) 
Genet, and was born on his father's estate at 
East Greenbush in 1824; died in New York, 
1904. 

Edmond Charles Genet, father of George 
Clinton Genet, known during his lifetime as 
"Citizen" Genet, was a conspicuous figure in 
the history of our country following the 
revolutionary period. Born in France, and a 
Frenchman, he commenced his career in the 
diplomatic service of that country during the 



reign of Louis XVL Later, under the re- 
public, as adjutant general and minister pleni- 
potentiary from the Republic of France to the 
L'nited States of America, he came to this 
country in his official capacity, representing 
France as its minister during the administra- 
tion of President Washington. He was the 
subject of much unmerited harsh criticism, his 
assailants, it would appear, being unmindful 
of the fact that in his actions he was obey- 
ing the instructions of the government of 
which he was the accredited agent. Upon 
the assumption of power in France by Robes- 
pierre and the extreme radicals, Mr. Genet 
was recalled as minister, but refused to re- 
turn, choosing rather to remam in our coun- 
try and become an American citizen. He 
married Cornelia, daughter of George Clin- 
ton, major general in the revolutionary army, 
first American governor of New York state 
and vice-president of the United States. Out- 
living Cornelia Clinton, he married Martha 
Brandon Osgood, daughter of Colonel Os- 
good, of Massacusetts, a revolutionary officer 
and postmaster general in the cabinet of 
President Washington. Mr. Genet p>ossessed 
a large estate in East Greenbush, a few miles 
south of the present city of Rensselaer, where 
he died in 1834. His remains rest in the 
cemetery at East Greenbush. A sister of Mr. 
Genet was Madame Campan, who was lady- 
in-waiting to Queen Marie Antoinette at the 
court of Louis XVL A niece was the wife 
of the renowned Marshal Ney, of the first 
Napoleon's imperial army. Mrs. Genet, of 
the Cantonment, has in her possession many 
relics of "Citizen" Genet, also some of Marie 
Antoinette, the Empress Josephine and Mar- 
shal Ney. 

The Cantonment was originally a military 
reservation consisting of about four hundred 
acres of land situate in the town of East 
Greenbush, near the city of Albany. It was 
purchased by the United States government 
shortly after the commencement of the war 
of 1812, from the Van Rensselaer patroon, 
and was known as the Greenbush Canton- 
ment. It was an important military post, 
where many troops were concentrated to be 
sent where needed in operations incident to 
the prosecution of the war. Here were large 
barracks and officers' quarters, a magazine, 
stables, storehouses and other buildings, and 
on a commanding summit overlooking all 
stood the headquarters of the commandant. 

In a work published in 1841, entitled "His- 
torical Collections, New York," is a rather 
crude woodcut giving a partial view of the 
Cantonment buildings and surroundings ; also, 
with a brief historical sketch, is published the 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



521 



verbatim account, written by an army officer, 
of the military execution of a deserter. The 
pubhshers preface the narrative by the state- 
ment that it is "shockingly minute in detail." 
It is, but it is none the less interesting. 

Hathorn McCulloch, Mrs. Genet's grand- 
father, purchased the reservation, as has been 
previously noted. In the year 1841 he deeded 
the southern half to his son William A. Mc- 
Culloch. This part of the original estate is 
known as Hathornden. On the death of 
Hathorn McCulloch, Mrs. Benjamin B. Kirt- 
land, his daughter, became the owner of the 
Cantonment, and on her demise, Mrs. Genet, 
her daughter, the present owner, succeeded. 
Mrs. Genet's residence is the one her grand- 
father transformed and rebuilt for his home 
from one of the buildings used as quarters 
for line officers during the military occupancy. 
On account of its location it was more suit- 
able for that purpose than the commandant's 
quarters. Though nearly one hundred years 
old and a frame structure, its several owners 
have always kept it in repair, and it can be 
truthfully stated that, with its many improve- 
ments, it is a far better building now than 
when originally constructed, and today, taken 
in connection with its surroundings, ranks 
among the beautiful suburban homes in the 
vicinity of Albany. Stately elms of many 
years' growth give generous shade to the 
house, and spacious lawns encompass it on 
all sides. From the lawn, with its graveled 
roadway and walks, a shaded roadway leads 
into the state road, still known as the Bar- 
rack road, leading to Rensselaer and Albany. 
Another road to the south extends through 
Hathornden to the Columbia turnpike. Be- 
sides the residence, other buildings on the 
estate consist of stables and outbuildings for 
the exclusive use of the owner, together with 
a house for the farm manager, a lodge for 
the gardener and gatekeeper, and barns, sheds 
and buildings required in operating the farm. 
Though Mrs. Genet, since the death of her 
husband, lives somewhat in retirement, she 
maintains a perfectly equipped and well or- 
dered country establishment, and the Canton- 
ment is rarely without guests when she makes 
it her home. 



The oldest family in this 
FASSETT country bearing this name is 

of New England origin, hav- 
ing come from England with other families 
of the earliest settlers, and the records they 
have left behind show them to have been of 
excellent, sturdy stock, such as makes a good 
foundation for a country on which to build 
enduringly. 



(I) Asa Fassett was born in Bedford, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1750, died November 28, 1823. 
He married, in West Cambridge, Massachu- 
setts, in 1744, Margaret Page. Children : 
Timothy, born in Bedford, ^Massachusetts, 
February 23, 1781 ; Amos, born in Bedford, 
March 10, 1783, see forward; Benjamin, born 
in Sherborn, Massachusetts, September 7, 
1787, died October 9, 1857. 

(II) Amos, son of Asa and Margaret 
(Page) Fassett, was born in Bedford, Mas- 
sachusetts, March 10, 1783. He came to Al- 
bany, New York, when a young man, where 
he resided half a century, dying there Febru- 
ary 21, 1858. For forty-eight years he was 
a member of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Albany, and an elder of the same for 
twenty-one years, during which time he had 
read the Bible forty-eight times, and never 
missed a communion during his entire mem- 
bership. He married, at Amherst, Massachu- 
setts, June, 1802, Hannah, daughter of John 
Stewart, born in Ireland, in 1751, and Mary 
f Barron) Stewart, born in Merrimac, New 
Hampshire, in 1752. Children: i. Asa, born 
in Alsted, New Hampshire, October i, 1803; 
married, in Albany, New York, October, 
1832, Amanda Vervailin ; died in Albany, 
April 20, 1872. 2. Mary Margaret, born in 
Alsted, New Hampshire, April 27, 1805 ; died, 
unmarried, April 23, 1866. 3. Amos Stewart, 
born in Alsted, New Hampshire, January 5, 
1807; married, Vienna, New York, Novem- 
ber 16, 1845, Mary Parker; died in Albany, 
New York, February 12, 1849. 4. Harriet 
Emeline, born in Albany, New York, May 18, 
1814; married, December 25, 1838, Alexander 
B. McDowal; died in New York City, May 
12, 1877. 5. William Neile, born in Albany, 
New York, August 18, 1816; see forward. 
6. Rachel Annabella, born in Albany, New 
York, February 18, 1820; married Rev. 
Stephen Bush, June 29, 1848; died in Siam, 
Asia, July 23, 185 1. 7. Sarah Justina, born in 
Albany, New York, September 30, 1826; died, 
unmarried, in Albany, July 24, 1848. 

(Ill) William Neile, son of Amos and Han- 
nah (Stewart) Fassett, was born in Albany, 
New York, August 18, 1816. He was a whole- 
sale dealer in lumber until he retired from 
business in his old age, and resided at No. 97 
Columbia street, Albany, where he died June 
I, 1886. His was a most active and a life of 
full length. His education was received at 
the Albany Boys' Academy, from which he 
was graduated in 1832 with high honors. He 
had a natural bent for business, and upon his 
leaving his alma mater, secured a clerkship 
with William H. DeWitt, lumber and stave 
dealer, doing business on the Albany pier. Al- 



522 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



bany's great lumber trade, for half a century 
noted all over the country as a leading mart 
on this continent, was then only in its infancy, 
and the chief business was conducted on the 
pier, before the inauguration of the "District." 
His quick insight convinced him that there 
was room for new firms, and he organized it, 
under the title of Whitlock & Fassett. It 
succeeded from the start, and was the first to 
locate on the site of the Albany Lumber Dis- 
trict. During the civil war, the firm was com- 
posed of Wilham Birdsall, Frederic Olcott, 
who was later the New York state comptroller 
and afterwards president of the Central Trust 
Company, of New York City, and himself. 
Several times the Board of Lumber Dealers 
elected him president, and through ten years 
was the board's secretary. For a considerable 
period he furnished the statistics of the mar- 
ket to the Albany Evening Journal, and at 
the time of his death was the oldest lumber 
dealer in the city. From his youth he had 
been a Democrat ; but while believing firmly 
in the principles of his party and materially 
aiding in its success, never did he seek or 
receive office, although often urged. When 
public enterprises were afoot, he was among 
the first to progress the movement. He at- 
tended St. Peter's Church (Episcopal), was 
for a long time a vestryman, and also the 
secretary of that body. His activity in the 
affairs of that church was one of the features 
of his life, as was notably the case when its 
rector, Bishop Doane, organized the new 
Cathedral. He was not given to display, but 
was industrious and approachable. Towards 
the end of his life he was in ailing health for 
several months, and died at his residence, No. 
97 Columbia street, on the evening of June i, 
1886. 

He married, in Brooklyn, New York, Jan- 
uary 17, 1844, Anne Gates Taylor, born in 
Boston, Massachusetts, March 10, 1822, died 
January 6, 1903, at the home of her daughter, 
Mrs. J. Ausburn Towner, in Washington, D. 
C, where she was spending the winter, and 
was buried in the family lot in the .Albany 
Rural Cemetery. She was kind-hearted and 
domestic in her tastes, and while exhibiting a 
rare degree of cheerfulness to all acquaint- 
ances, she was particularly genial when sur- 
rounded by her family. Her father was Sam- 
uel Priestly Taylor, a musician of national 
prominence. He was born in London, Eng- 
land, in 1779, died in New York City in 1874. 
He was the oldest son of Rev. James Taylor, 
and in childhood, being regarded as a musical 
prodigy, he was placed under instruction of 
Dr. William Russell, of Oxford. When twenty 
years of age he was made organist of Silver 



Street Chapel, and afterward of the Islington 
Church. He came to America in 1806, and 
shortly after his arrival in New York City was 
appointed the organist of St. Ann's Episcopal 
Church, where he introduced the custom of 
chanting. He was after this the organist of 
Grace Church, in New York City, then of 
St. Ann's Church, in Brooklyn, and later at 
St. George's Church, New York, and among 
the incidents of his career was conducting 
the musical program at the funeral service 
over the remains of General Richard Mont- 
gomery in St. Paul's Church, New York. In 
1818 he removed to Boston, where he was 
the organist of the celebrated Old South 
Church. He leaves enduring distinction in 
that field as being the first director of the 
Handel and Haydn Musical Society of that 
city. In 1826 he returned to Brooklyn, re- 
suming his former post. In 1834 he was ap- 
pointed organist of St. Paul's, New York, but 
in 1871 relinquished all public professional 
appearances. The wife of Samuel Priestly 
Taylor and mother of Mrs. William N. Fassett 
was Susan (Hale) Taylor, of England. Chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Fassett, born in Albany, 
New York: i. William Henry, October 3, 
1845 ■ see forward. 2. Annie Augusta, Au- 
gust 9, 1847; see forward. 3. Emma Justina, 
September 21, 1849, died in Albany, October 
15, 1850. 4. Lawrence Taylor, April 13, 1854; 
see forward. 5. Edgar Stewart, April 8, 
1858; see forward. 6. Grace McDowal, No- 
vember 8, 1863, died in Albany, June 24, 
1894. 

(IV) William Henry, son of William Neile 
and Anne Gates (Taylor) Fassett, was born 
in Albany, New York, October 3, 1845. He 
received his education at the Albany Boys' 
Academy, which he entered in 1852. He then 
began a business career, starting in the lum- 
ber business with his father; but in 1880 he 
was appointed the English agent for American 
proprietary drugs and specialties, and there- 
after took up residence in London. He was 
an Episcopalian, and while in this country a 
Democrat. His death occurred in London, 
England, September 20, 1908. He married, 
Albany, January 16, 1868, Isabella Matilda, 
daughter of Erastus Dow Palmer, the famous 
American sculptor, and Mary (Seamans) 
Dow. Children : Mary Palmer, born in Al- 
bany, October 16, 1869; Frederick Palmer, 
born in Albany, December 31, 1872; Doro- 
thea, born in London, England, April 5, 1889. 

(IV) Annie Augusta, daughter of William 
Neile and Anne Gates (Taylor) Fassett, was 
born in Albany, New York, August 9, 1847, 
and was educated at the Albany Female Acad- 
emy. She married, Albany, January 25, 1870, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



523 



James Ausburn Towner, of Elmira, New 
York, who was a journalist and writer. He 
died January 22, 1909. She was living in 
Washington. D. C, in 1910. Children: Aus- 
burn Fassett, born in Albany, December 3, 
1870 ; Mabel Fassett, born in Elmira, New 
York, April 12, 1873; Neile Fassett, born in 
Elmira, August 11, 1875; Isabell Louise, born 
in New York, New York, May 24, 1884. 

(IV) Lawrence Taylor, son of William 
Neile and Anne Gates (Taylor) Fassett, was 
born in Albany, New York, April 13, 1854. 
He received his education at the Albany Boys' 
Academy, where he was a student from 1865 
to 1871. He resided in Albany the greater 
part of his life, where he was active in the 
local afifairs of the Democratic party. He 
was engaged some time with the excise de- 
partment. He was a member of St. Peter's 
Episcopal Church and one of its choir of 
mixed voices before the introduction of a 
surpliced choir in 1889. He was all his life 
much interested in baseball, and at one time 
the owner of the Albany Club of the State 
League. About 1900 he removed to New 
York City and engaged in business, and was 
living there in 1910. He married. New York 
City, November 16, 1894, Elizabeth Child 
Hamlin, of Boston, Massachusetts. 

(IV) Edgar Stewart, son of William Neile 
and Anne Gates (Taylor) Fassett, was born 
in Albany, New York, April 8, 1858. He re- 
ceived his education at the old Albany Boys' 
Academy, from which he was graduated in 
1875, in a class composed of a number of 
youths who became well-known citizens. He 
was first appointed the superintendent of con- 
struction for the Albany District Telegraph 
Company, which was then in its infancy, and 
had charge of the constructive work on all 
of its lines. When that organization was ab- 
sorbed by the Commercial Telephone Com- 
pany, of Albany, he was likewise associated 
with it, continuing until 1883, when he severed 
his connection to join the United States corps 
of engineers engaged in making a survey for 
carrying out extensive improvements along 
the Hudson river. It was in the year 1885 
that he first developed an interest for rail- 
roading, which ultimately resulted in his being 
known all over this country. It was then 
that he became connected with what was 
known as The Albany Railway Company, be- 
fore the days of electrical service, and when 
the conduct of that road seriously required 
betterment in many directions. He was made 
assistant manager, and a great share of the 
duties fell upon him, as well as the work of 
originating improved methods and a system- 
atizing of affairs generally. When this line 



was reorganized in 1899, as The United Trac- 
tion Company, he was made general superin- 
tendent and general manager in 1906 for the 
greatly enlarged concern, which then included 
lines running into Troy, Cohoes, Green Island, 
Waterford, Rensselaer, Watervliet, and other 
places, so that he was in a position to exert 
active management which could bring about 
marked advancement. His achievements would 
read like the recent history of the progress of 
the company ; but perhaps an example of his 
foresight and ability as an executive is best 
shown by the actual results of the rules laid 
down by him, which demonstrate the rarity of 
fatalities brought about by any inadvertence 
of his company. In the summer of 1907 he 
was elected vice-president of the Street Rail- 
way Association of the State of New York, at 
its annual meeting held at Bluff Point, New 
York, and in 1908, at the convention held in 
Niagara Falls, he was chosen president of the 
same body, and presided at its annual conven- 
tion held in June, 1909, at Bluff Point. He 
has always been a staunch Democrat in poli- 
tics, but has never held an elective office. He 
is an attendant of St. Peter's Episcopal Church 
and a member of the following organizations, 
as well as being a director on all the boards 
of the United Traction Company and sub- 
sidiary companies, the Fort Orange, the Al- 
bany Country, the Troy, the Glens Falls, and 
the Lake George clubs. He was one of the 
founders of the Albany Musical Association, 
and at one time a member of the choir of 
St. Peter's Church. 

He married, in Washington, D. C, SefH 
tember i, 1896, Mary, daughter of Captain 
Albert Crary and Betsey Ann (Haley) Bur- 
rows, of Mystic, Connecticut. She was born 
at Center Groton, Connecticut, January 28, 
1866, and received her education at St. Agnes' 
School, in Albany, as a boarder. Her father 
was a captain for the Mallory and other ocean 
steamship lines, and died at sea, June 6, 1904. 
He was the son of Brutus and Julia (West) 
Burrows. Her mother, Betsey Ann Haley, 
was born at Center Groton, Connecticut, 
March 17, 1838, died in Hartford, Connecti- 
cut, August 14, 1887. They were married at 
Center Groton, ]\Iay 27, 1861. Mr. and Mrs. 
Fassett resided in 19 10 at No. 1003 ]\Iadison 
avenue, Albany, New York. 



There were three distinct 
CARPENTER families bearing the name 
of Carpenter who made 
early settlement in America. They were each 
from England, where the family is of "great 
antiquity," and to distinguish them have been 
termed "The Providence Family" (the earliest 



524 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \^A.LLEYS 



of three to settle in the New World), "The 
Rehoboth Family" and "The Philadelphia 
Family." The first two named were related 
and there is good evidence that the third was 
also. Perhaps the first mention of the name 
Carpenter in America is that of Alice Car- 
penter, who came from Leyden, Holland, 
landed in Plymouth in June, 1623, and be- 
came the wife of Governor William Bradford 
on August 14 following, being as the governor 
made record "the fourth marriage in the col- 
ony." She was the daughter of Alexander 
Carpenter, who with his wife and four other 
daughters were members of the church at Ley- 
den, where the governor knew her. 

(I) The first person bearing the name Car- 
penter to make permanent settlement in Amer- 
ica was William Carpenter, son of Richard 
Carpenter, of Amesbury, Wiltshire, England. 
He married Elizabeth, born at Oieselbourne, 
Dorsetshire, England, November 23, 161 1. 
They were married a short time before their 
sailing for America. The first mention found 
of William Carpenter in America is in the 
"Initial Deed" hastily drawn up by Roger 
Williams at the time of settlement at New 
Providence, Rhode Island, in which he desig- 
nates by initial the "loving friends and neigh- 
bors" who are to have equal rights with him- 
self. In it are the initials W. C. These 
friends and neighbors, twelve in number, had 
nothing further to show for their holdings 
until December 23, 1661, when a formal "Con- 
firmatory Deed" was given them by Roger 
Williams and wife. There were some omis- 
sions of names in the second deed, and in 
1666 another deed was given in which Mr. 
Williams states the "Initial Deed was given 
the 8th day of the 8th month, 1638." In the 
latter deed William Carpenter is named in 
full. The "First Baptist Church in America" 
was constituted at Providence between August 
3, 1638, and March 16, 1639. In the list of 
"Founders" is the name of William Carpenter. 
His "Home Toll" was separated from that of 
Robert Coles by a highway. Town street is 
now Main street, and the highway is now 
"Meeting Street," Providence, so called be- 
cause of the Friends Meeting House which 
now occupies W^illiam Carpenter's lot. Soon 
after the signing of the "Initial Deed" the 
proprietors made division of their purchase. 
William Carpenter and others were allotted 
a large tract at "Pautuxet," where they at 
once made settlement. It was a beautiful tract 
of meadow land, four miles south from Provi- 
dence, bordering on Narragansett bay, and 
south on the Pawtuxet river. In later years 
it was known as Cranston and is now covered 
with blocks of buildings. It was here that 



William Carpenter spent the remaining years 
of his life ; for nearly fifty years it was his 
home. There is hardly a page of the town 
records but has mention of him ; he was on 
numerous commissions to lay out roads, settle 
boundary lines, locate and build bridges, and 
he was a warm personal friend of Roger 
Williams, whose perfect confidence he en- 
joyed. He was elected to the general court 
many times, and was assistant to the general 
assembly and deputy. When King Philip's 
war was threatening the very life of the col- 
ony the general assembly on April 4, 1676, 
voted "that in these troubulous times and 
straits in the colony this Assembly desiring to 
have the advice and concurrence of the most 
judicious inhabitants, do desire at their next 
sitting the company and counsel of William 
Carpenter." During the war, "on January 27, 
1676, the Indians despoiled Wm. Carpenter of 
two hundred sheep, fifty head of cattle and 
fifteen horses." Austin says: "William Car- 
penter's house was attacked by three hundred 
Indians and was set on fire by them, but the 
flames were extingnished by the defenders. 
Two of his household were killed." One of 
these was his son William. His last public 
service was on April 25, 1683, when as "Last 
survivor of the Thirteen Proprietors" he gave 
deeds to the heirs of his fellow proprietors for 
lands that had been held in joint ownership. 
He made his will February 10, 1680. The 
death of his son William caused a codicil which 
was added March 15, 1684, and he died Sep- 
tember 7, 1685. His wife Elizabeth Arnold 
survived him. She was a sister of Benedict 
Arnold, governor of the colony from 1663 
until his death in 1678. Her father, William 
Walter Stephen, and sister Joana resided near 
Pawtuxet, and for nearly half a century the 
Carpenters and Arnolds were the largest land 
owners and chief taxpayers of Pawtuxet. A 
monument was erected in memory of the Car- 
penter family in i860 by one of William's de- 
scendants in Cranston, three and a half miles 
from the City Hall, Providence, Rhode Island. 

Children of William and Elizabeth Car- 
penter, all except, the first born in Pawtuxet : 
I. Joseph, see forward. 2. Lydia, born about 
1638. 3. Ephraim, about 1640. 4. Timothy, 
about 1643. 5- William, about 1645. 6. Pris- 
cilla, about 1648. 7. Silas, 1650. 8. Benja- 
min, about 1653. Silas is the only one of 
the family whose birth is definitely known. A 
deposition taken in 1674 and the date on his 
gravestone fixes it in the year given. The 
children are all named in the will, William ex- 
cepting, who was killed by the Indians prior 
to the death of his father. 

(II) Joseph, eldest son of William and 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



525 



Elizabeth (Arnold) Carpenter, was born at 
Amesbury, Wiltshire, England, about 1635. 
The first mention made of him is at Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, where on May 3, 1656, 
he is witness to a deed from his uncle, Stephen 
Arnold, to his father, which indicates that he 
was then of legal age. The town records of 
Warwick, Rhode Island, show that he had a 
"Corne Mill" at the wading place near the 
Falls on the Pawtuxet river. Here he re- 
mained until 1677, although as early as 1663 
he was at Long Island making negotiations 
for the purchase of land from the Indians at 
Oyster Bay. The Hempstead colony on Long 
Island resisted the attempts to settle at Oyster 
Bay, but finally allowed them to remain in 
peace. Joseph Carpenter is recorded as hav- 
ing purchased three thousand acres of land at 
Musketa Cove. Associated with him was Na- 
thaniel Coles, Abia Carpenter, Thomas Town- 
send and Robert Coles. They styled them- 
selves "The Five Proprietors of Musketa 
Plantations," which name and style was con- 
tinued until after the revolution. Each pro- 
prietor had a "Home Lott" of five acres set 
off on which to erect a dwelling. These home 
lots were situated on a street or highway that 
they called "The Place." The site of these 
homes on this street, which still bears the 
name, are very readily identified. On the 
"Lott of Joseph Carpenter" the first house 
was built, after the erection of a saw mill. 
It was occupied by him all his lifetime, was 
the birthplace of nearly all his children, and 
continued in the family for several gener- 
ations. The plantation prospered, although its 
growth was retarded by King Philip's war. 
Following the erection of the saw mill, he 
built a grist and fulling mill, agreeing with 
the other proprietors to grind their grain in 
return for the use of the water power. In 
a few years the Oyster Bay settlement had 
their own town government, constable, over- 
seers, justice of the peace and recorder. They 
held their own town meetings and elected their 
own officers until the organization of Queens 
county in 1683. They had many industries 
and the records show Joseph Carpenter to 
have been the prime mover in their establish- 
ment and that his energy and ability had 
made a thriving community from an humble 
beginning. He died during the "sickly season" 
of 1683. The place of his burial is not 
known. 

He married (first), April 21, 1659, Han- 
nah, daughter of William Carpenter, of Reho- 
both, Massachusetts. She was born at Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, February 3, 1640, died 
about 1673. He married (second) Ann (or 
Anna), baptized in the Dutch Church at New 



York in 1647, daughter of Francis and Eliza- 
beth (Luther) Weeks. Francis Weeks was 
with Roger Williams in the canoe when he 
first landed at Providence. He and his wife 
were early settlers of Hempstead, Long Island, 
where they were heavily fined for "entertain- 
ing Quakers," and soon after removed to 
Oyster Bay. Children by first wife: i. Jo- 
seph, "the eldest son," inherited the estate and 
title of his father. 2. A daughter, married 
William Thornecraft. 3. Tansen, married 
John Williams. 4. William, see forward. 5. 
Nathaniel, said to have been the first white 
child born at Musketa Cove, Oyster Bay, Long 
Island ; married Tamar, eldest daughter of 
Robert and Mercy (Wright) Coles. 6. Han- 
nah, married Jacob Hicks. Children of sec- 
ond wife : 7. Ann, married Joseph Weeks. 
8. Benjamin, married Mercy, daughter of Rob- 
ert and Mercy (Wright) Coles, sister of the 
wife of his half-brother, Nathaniel. 9. John 
(posthumous child), married Martha Feake. 
These children were all prominent in the plan- 
tation and some of them joined in the exodus 
from Oyster Bay to "the Main," as Westches- 
ter county was then called, and were among 
the first settlers at Rye, North Castle, Bed- 
ford, Harrison and Mamaroneck. Other fam- 
ilies leaving about 1700 were the Coles, 
Weeks, Lallings, Wrights, Townsends, Cocks 
and many others. 

(Ill) William (2), son of Joseph and Han- 
nah (Carpenter) Carpenter, was born at Paw- 
tucket, Rhode Island, about 1666. The first 
mention of him is found in the will of his 
grandfather, 1683, and in 1692 he appears at 
Pawtucket and sold the property so given by 
will. He acted as one of the proprietors after 
the death of his brother Joseph until 1706, 
when his nephew Joseph attained legal age. 
He was a large land owner and prominent in 
the affairs of the plantation. He was a black- 
smith by trade, having his homestead and shop 
in that part of town known as "Duck Pond," 
now a residential section known as Nassau 
Station. He sold his property in 1720 and 
removed to Westchester county, New York, 
though he still had landed interests at Musketa 
Cove as late as 1734. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Ephraim Carpenter, supposed to 
have been his cousin ; she died about 1743. 
Children: i. William, married Elizabeth 
Prior. 2. Joseph, married Ann Farman. 3. 
Silas, no record of marriage. 4. Benjamin, 
married (first) Dinah Albertson ; (second) 
Lydia Thorne. 5. Timothy, see forward. 6. 
Elizabeth, married Samuel Weeks. 7. Ruth, 
married William Thornecraft. 8. Mai, mar- 
ried Captain Thomas Kepp. 9. Benedict, mar- 
ried (first) Hannah Haviland ; (second) Abi- 



.526 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



gail Horton; (third) Abigail Ferris. The 
members of the "Friends Meeting" at Pur- 
■chase, New York, says he for "4th wife mar- 
ried the widow, Elizabeth Wanser, who sur- 
vived him." 

(IV) Timothy, son of William (2) and 
Elizabeth (Carpenter) Carpenter, was born 
at Musketa Cove, Long Island, New York. 
April I, 1698. He removed to Westchester 
county. New York. In 1720 he bought a large 
tract of land from the Indians at North Castle, 
part of which still remains in the family. His 
house was burned in 1721 and again in 1722. 
He then built the house in which he lived 
luitil his death. The house was afterward 
•occupied by his son Timothy, his grandson 
William, and his great-grandson Job R. It 
was torn down in 1845. I" his will, made July 
II, 1763, he divides a large landed property 
among his living children and wife Phebe. 
His will was proved May 24, 1769. 

Timothy Carpenter married, about 17 19, 
Phebe, born March 16, 1706, daughter 
■of Samuel and Elizabeth (Albertson) 
Coles. Children: i. Samuel (said to 
have been the first white child born at North 
Castle), born January 17, 1720; married 
Rachel, daughter of Job Wright, and had two 
children. 2. Ephraim, born June 27, 1723 ; is 
believed to have removed to Orange county, 
New York. 3. George, married Lucretia, 
•daughter of Thomas Goulding; he was a 
farmer at "Nine Partners," Dutchess county, 
New York ; had five children. 4. Phebe, born 
June 25, 1729; married William Forman, a 
farmer of Yorktown, Westchester county ; 
they had a daughter Elizabeth, married Josiah 
■Green. 5. William, see forward. 6. Arch- 
ealus, born April 23, 1734; married Rebecca 
Goulding, sister of the wife of his brother 
George. He was a tanner and currier, and 
had a farm at North Castle, where he lived 
at the time of the revolution. He sided with 
the "Loyalists," and because of his activity in 
their behalf his farm was confiscated and he 
■and his family compelled to leave the country. 
They left New York in 1783, on board the 
ship "Cyrus," and settled in New Brunswick, 
•enduring for many years untold hardships in 
that unsettled country. It is said of him that 
he built the first house and shop at "Parr- 
town," now St. John. He died July 15, 1810, 
leaving nine children: 6. Silas, born July 15, 
1737 ; was a farmer of Greenwich, Connecti- 
cut ; he married Phebe, daughter of Joseph 
and Hannah Fowler, and had eight children. 
7. Benjamin, twin of Silas; married Mary 
:Searles ; he was a farmer and resided for a 
time at Pittstown, Rensselaer county ; had 
seven children. 8. Timothv, born August i, 



1740: married Hannah Ferris and had three 
children. 9. Elizabeth, died young. 

(V) William (3) (named for his Grand- 
father Carpenter), son of Timothy and Phebe 
(Coles) Carpenter, was born at North Castle, 
Westchester county, New York, April 5, 173 1, 
died June 6, 1814. He was a farmer at "Nine 
Partners." He married (first) Sarah Sea- 
man, of Long Island. He married (second) 
Lydia, widow of Abraham Carpenter, and 
daughter of Peter Totten, of North Castle. 
Children of first wife: i. Seaman, see for- 
ward. 2. Zeno, married (first) Lydia Clark; 
(second) Sarah Ho-ag; he was a minister of 
the Society of Friends and a deeply religious 
man. 3. Stephen, born April 29, 1764. 4. 
Elizabeth, married Southwick. 5. Beth- 
any, born December 5, 1767. 6. Phebe, mar- 
ried Hoag. 7. Mary, married 

Cornell. 8. Caroline. 9. James, died young. 
10. Sarah, married — - — - Carman. One au- 
thority states that Lydia, the second wife, had 
thirteen children, but does not state whether 
they were children of the first or second hus- 
band. 

(VI) Seaman, eldest son of William (3) 
and Sarah (Seaman) Carpenter, was born 
February 10, 1760, died August 30, 1842. He 
removed to Saratoga county, New York. He 
married Sarah Simmons, born August 30, 
1771, died September 19, 1806. Children: i. 
John, born December 21, 1793. 2. Sarah, Jan- 
uary 20, 1797. 3. Ruth, married Asa Barker, 
of Barkersville, New York ; had a son, William 
C. Barker, of Poughkeepsie, New York. 4. 
Hiram, see forward. 

(VII) Hiram, son of Seaman and Sarah 
(Simmons) Carpenter, was born December 
14, 1801, and died November 3, 1875, at Mel- 
rose, Rensselaer county. New York. He was 
a farmer, and also a tanner, owning and oper- 
ating a large tannery at Barkerville, Saratoga 
county. New York. He was a man of sterling 
character and excellent ability, and occupied 
a leading place in the community. He served 
as justice of the peace and school commis- 
sioner. He was an active member of the 
Christian church, and was of hospitable and 
generous disposition. In politics he was an 
old-line Whig. He married Sally Ann, daugh- 
ter of David and Mary (Harcourt) Barker. 
Her parents were from old and influential 
families, her father being of the Barkers from 
whom was named the village of Barkerville, 
and who contributed largely to its develop- 
ment and prosperity. Children of Hiram and 
Sally Ann (Barker) Carpenter: i. Mary 
Barker, born March 27, 1831 ; unmarried; re- 
sides at Melrose, New York. 2. Edward 
Madison, see forward. 




p 



6. 




tp 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



527 



(Vni) Edward Madison, son of Hiram and 
Sally Ann (Barker) Carpenter, was born in 
Barkerville, Saratoga county, New York, 
April II, 1835, died June 18, 1907. He came 
to Albany in 1854. and secured employment 
in the office of Bennett & Griffin, and from 
that time until his death was continuously and 
prominently connected with the grain and 
flour trade. He was head of E. M. Carpenter 
& Company, and was also associated with Ed- 
ward P. Durant, in the business of Durant & 
Company. For over a half century he was a 
leading merchant of Albany, and in point of 
years was the oldest operator in the city in 
the grain trade. In commercial circles his 
standing was of the highest, while his private 
■character was without blemish. He was a 
faithful member of the State Street Presby- 
terian Church, in which he was for forty 
years an active member, and in which he was 
made deacon in 1872, and elder in 1889. He 
was ever alive to his responsibilities as a citi- 
zen, and always exerted his influence in be- 
half of good government. Through his long 
and active life in Albany he was a well-known 
figure, and had a large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. One of his prominent traits 
was his friendliness and kindliness to all with 
•whom he came in contact. He married, June 
26, i860, Harriet, daughter of Walter and 
■Caroline Merchant (see Merchant HI). Har- 
riet Merchant Carpenter, only child of Edward 
Aladison and Harriet (Merchant) Carpenter, 
born November 13, 1869, married Augustus 
Springer Brandow, June 28, 1893 ; children : 
Edward Carpenter Brandow, born June 22, 
1896; Walter Merchant Brandow, born Octo- 
ber 19, 1902. 

(The Merchant Line.) 

(I) John Marchant, a native of Gloucester- 
shire, England, came to America before the 
revolution, allied himself with the patriots, 
and fought with the Continental army. He 
married Prudence, daughter of Eliakim and 
Joanna (Curtis) Stoddard. Children: i. 
Abel, born October 21, 1756. 2. Joanna, April 
20, 1759. 3. Lucena, November 15, 1761. 4. 
Truman, May 5, 1762. 5. Sarah, April 16, 
1766. 6. Phoebe, November 11, 1768. 7. 
Eliakim, see forward. 8. John, April 11, 
1776. 9. Abigail, October 5, 1778. 10. Stod- 
dard, February 23. 1782. 11. Elizabeth, May 
5, 1788 ; married Thomas Rogers, and lived 
to the great age of ninety-nine years, four 
months. 

(H) Eliakim Merchant, son of John and 
Prudence (Stoddard) Marchant, was a sol- 
dier of the war of 1812, and one of the earliest 
settlers of Washington county, New York. 



He obtained a large tract of that then wilder- 
ness, cleared a large farm, built a house, and 
ultimately became one of the wealthiest farm- 
ers of the county. He married Charity Birge. 
Children: i. Lansing, born April 16, 1804; 
married (first) Alaria Ives; (second) Isabella 
E. Bronk. 2. Harriet, born March 13, 1806; 
married (first) Rodney Buel ; (second) Nel- 
son Buel. 3. Walter, see forward. 4. Lucena. 
born February 7, 1810; married Edwin Brock 
Nash. 5. Phoebe, born December 11, 1816; 
married Charles Grandison Truner. It was 
in this generation that the spelling of the first 
syllable of the family name became Mer, and 
the name Merchant. 

(Ill) Walter, son of Eliakim and Charity 
(Birge) Merchant, was born on the Wash- 
ington county homestead, June 26, 1807. He 
attended a country school, and in early man- 
hood acquired such liberal information that 
he was never at a disadvantage either in busi- 
ness or society. When about twenty-five years 
of age he came to Albany and formed a part- 
nership with his elder brother Lansing, in the 
wholesale and retail grocery business, at the 
corner of Division and Quay streets, in which 
they continued until the great fire in August, 
1848. They then gave up the grocery busi- 
ness, but rebuilt their store building and en- 
gaged as grain merchants, which they pur- 
sued with much success for forty years, when 
both the brothers retired. They were the 
leaders in this enterprise, buying grain in 
bulk and boatloads from canal boats, and re- 
shipping to various markets. Walter Mer- 
chant was originally a Whig in politics, and 
allied himself with the Republican party on 
its organization in 1856. He was an attend- 
ant at the Baptist church. He was honored 
for his spotless integrity and for his equable 
personal character. He was alive to every 
public interest, and a helpful friend to those 
needing assistance, whether moral or finan- 
cial. He died October 22, 1896, in the nine- 
tieth year of his age. He married Caroline 
Doughty, born in Dutchess county, New 
York, May 4, 1807, died August 29, 1900, 
daughter of Martin and Lydia (Collins) 
Doughty. Children: i. Caroline, born June 
20, 1835, died September 25, same year. 2. 
Elizabeth, twin with Caroline, died September 
13, 1835. 3. Harriet, born February 21, 1840; 
married, June 26, i860, Edward M. Car- 
penter (see Carpenter VIII). 



The Mills family of Albany, herein 
MILLS considered, trace descent to the 

revolutionary soldier, George Mills, 
who is buried in Foster Hill cemetery, near 
North Galway, New York. George Mills was 



52^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



unquestionably a descendant of John Mills, 
the founder of the Mills family in America. 
John Mills was born in England, and is be- 
lieved to have come to America in June, 1630, 
in the fleet with Winthrop. He resided about 
ten years in Boston, where he was admitted 
freeman March 6, 1632 ; then removed to 
Braintree, Massachusets, of which town he 
was clerk in 1653. He married Susanna 

. They lived in the part of Braintree 

now the town of Ouincy. His will is dated 
January 12, 1677; proved September 10, 1678. 
In it he speaks of being "now fallen in years," 
and recommends his son John to bring up one 
of his sons to the work of the ministry, "which 
was," he says, "the employment of my pre- 
decessors to the third if not the fourth gen- 
eration." John and Susanna Mills were the 
parents of seven children : Susanna, married 
William Dawes ; Joy, Recompense (both 
daughters and the first baptisms on record 
in the First Church in Boston, date October, 
1630), John, Jonathan, James and Mary. 
There is no authentic record to show George 
Mills' descent from John Mills (above). As 
traced by one descendant we have the fol- 
lowing : 

(H) John (2), son of John and Susanna 
Mills, was baptized June 3, 1632. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Shove, April 26, 1653, ^^^ w^s 
a "husbandman," and lived in Braintree, Mas- 
sachusetts. He died February 27, 1694-95. 
His wife died August 18, 171 1. Children: 
EHzabeth, Sarah, John (3), Jonathan, mar- 
ried ]\Iary Sheffield, Edward, Susanna, Mary, 
Nathaniel and Susanna (2). 

(HI). Captain John (3), son of John (2) 
and Elizabeth (Shove) Mills, was born April 
13, 1660, died February 9, 1722. He lived in 
that part of Old Braintree then called Monati- 
quod. He was a blacksmith by trade, and in 
a record of 172 1 is styled "gentleman." He 
was a man of intelligence, ability and influ- 
ence ; selectman three terms ; representative 
five terms, and filled other positions of public 

trust. He married Hannah , whom he 

mentions in his will. Children: i. Hannah. 
2. Elizabeth, married Roger Wilson. 3. John, 
died in infancy. 4. John, unmarried ; willed 
his property to his mother, three sisters and 
brother Rev. Jonathan. 5. Mary, died before 
1722. 6. Sarah, married (first) Joseph Neale, 
(second) Captain Ebenezer Thayer. 7. Jona- 
than, died in infancy. 8. Jonathan, see for- 
ward. 

(IV) Rev. Jonathan, youngest son of Cap- 
tain John (3) and Hannah "Mills, was born 
in Braintree, March 2, 1702-03. died at Prov- 
incetown, Massachusetts, Mav 21. 1773. He 
graduated from Harvard in 1723, was or- 



dained pastor at Bellingham 1727, lived in 
Boston many years, and was installed pastor 
of the Second church in Harwich. He mar- 
ried (first), November 30, 1727, Jemima Hay- 
ward; (second) June 12, 1760, Hepzibah 
(White) French, widow of Benjamin French. 
There is no record of the children of Rev. 
Jonathan except two daughters. (The au- 
thor of the "Vinton Genealogy," page 344, 
says : "Whether there were others we know 
not.") Emminent genealogists believe there 
were other children, and that George, of the 
ne.xt generation, was one of them. 

(V) George, believed to have been the son 
of Rev, Jonathan and Jemima (Hay ward) 
Mills, was born about 1754. The inscription 
on his tombstone reads: "died June 18, 1826, 
in the 73rd year of his age." There has been 
a great deal of family tradition handed down 
as to his age and occupation, which when 
carefully sifted leads to the belief that he was 
among the early settlers in the Connecticut 
Valley. Later he settled in Chesterfield, 
Hampshire county, Massachusetts, and was a 
farmer by occupation. At the outbreak of the 
revolution he was unmarried, and promptly 
enlisted at the first call, as his name appears 
as a private on the Lexington alarm roll of 
Captain Robert Webster's company. General 
Pomeroy's regiment, which marched from 
Chesterfield on April 21, 1775, but two days 
after the firing of "the shot heard round the 
world," (Massachusetts War Records 13, 
193,) His name appears as "George Mills, 
Jr." on this and two subsequent enlistments, 
to distinguish him from another George Mills 
in his company, who was the elder. The 
appellation "Junior" clung to him and was 
sometimes changed to "Second." Even the 
record of his death was written by his son 
George in the family Bible as "George Mills, 
Second," etc, etc. He served but six days 
on his first enlistment, and April 27, 1775, en- 
listed in Captain Robert Webster's company 
(the Eighth) belonging to the Eighth Regi- 
ment of Foot, Colonel Fellows commanding. 
This time his term of service was three 
months, twelve days. During this period his 
regiment was part of the army about Boston 
and was encamped at Dorchester. On a mus- 
ter roll of the same company and regiment 
dated "Dorchester, October 8, 1775," he ap- 
pears with the rank of private, residence 
"Chesterfield." According to the same au- 
thority, on September 9, 1775, he went to 
Quebec with General Arnold's expedition that 
fared so badly. Evidently he was detailed 
from this command, for the records of Ches- 
terfield bear this entry: "Reported away upon 
the Quebec expedition : Wait, Burke, Tilly, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



529 



George Mills, '^777-" He was one of the 
many American soldiers taken prisoners by 
the British, and lay in the Quebec jail from 
December 25, 1775, to April, 1777. In a list 
of the killed, wounded and those taken pris- 
oners of the American troops at Quebec, De- 
cember 31, 1775, he appears among the few 
prisoners from Captain Hubbard's company, 
the greater number having been forced to 
enlist in the king's service. He was evidently 
made of sterner material. The family tradi- 
tion concerning his long term of imprison- 
ment is that he was locked to a log in the 
old jail with four others, and that his hands 
Vi'ere so small that he could slip the hand- 
cuffs o&, doing this each night and making 
his fellow prisoners more comfortable, and in 
the morning slipping his hands back. He was 
exchanged in the spring of 1777, and on reach- 
ing New York state at once re-enlisted. He 
appears with the rank of private on Conti- 
nental pay accounts, of Captain Day's com- 
pany, Colonel Brooks' (late Alden's) regi- 
ment, for service from March 4, 1777, to De- 
cember 31, 1779, and again in Captain Co- 
burn's company from January i, 1780, to De- 
cember 31, 1780. He is thus described in 
the records of enlisted men belonging to 
Chesterfield: "Age 25 years, stature, five feet 
seven inches, complexion dark, occupation 
farmer." In January, 1781, he was enrolled 
in Captain William White's company of the 
same regiment (7th Light Infantry), which 
at that time was stationed at West Point, and 
George ]\Iills was one of the Light Infantry 
guard at the execution of Major Andre. He 
is also on the rolls of the same regiment as 
serving from February i, 1781, to March i, 
1782, also as receiving a furlough of "40 days 
to go from West Point to Chesterfield." He 
was finally discharged June 10, 1783, and his 
name appears in a list of men who received 
honorary badges for faithful service since No- 
vember 15, 1776. His total service, as per 
records heretofore quoted, beginning April 21, 
1775, covers a period of eight years and four- 
teen days, and, with the exception of the forty 
days' furlough, was continuous. After the 
war, according to his son George, he drew a 
pension for four or five years, of $96 per 
annum. He married Martha Gray, born in 
Rockingham, Hampshire county, Massachu- 
setts, in 1758, but lived in Chesterfield. They 
settled in Galway, Saratoga county. New 
York, in 1789, near Campbells Mills, .later 
removing to Providence, Fulton county, and 
from there to Mills Corners, where George 
died May 18, 1826. The following is the 
epitaph on his tombstone in Foster Hill Ceme- 
tery, North Galway, New York: 



IN 
MEMORY OF 
GEORGE MILLS, WHO 
DIED JUNE 18, 
1826, 
IN THE 73D YEAR 
OF HIS AGE 
"Friend nor Physician could not save 
My mortal body from the grave, 
Nor can the grave confine me here 
When Christ my Savior shall appear." 

His widow, Martha Gray Mills, removed 
to Fonda, New York, in 1839, where she died 
August I, 1844, aged 86 years. Their chil- 
dren were : George, see forward ; Polly, died 
young ; Frederic, died young. 

(VI) George (2), son of George (i) and 
Martha (Gray) Mills, was born June 12, 1789, 
died October 3, 187 1. He was a general mer- 
chant and produce buyer at Broadalbin (then 
Fonda's Bush), Fulton county, New York, 
and a man of considerable means and influ- 
ence. He married, August 10, 1820, Susanna 
Hicks; children: i. Borden H., see forward. 
2. George F., died 1898; a miller and mem- 
ber of the firm of Geo. F. Mills & Co., Fonda, 
New York. 3. Alexander H., of Fonda. 4. 
Martha, married Horace E. Smith, of Johns- 
town, New York, a prominent member of the 
Fulton county bar and dean of Albany Law 
School. 5. Adela, married James i\IacMartin. 

(VII) Borden Hicks, son of George and 
Susanna (Hicks) Mills, was born at "Fonda's 
Bush" (Broadalbin), Fulton county. New 
York, September 19, 1821, died in Albany, 
New York, October 2, 1872. In early man- 
hood he conducted a general store at Knowles- 
ville, Orleans county. New York. He re- 
moved to Albany in 1856, where, with James 
]\IacMartin (his brother-in-law), he formed 
the firm of Mills and MacMartin, wholesale 
flour merchants. His business interests in the 
county were very large and he was also an 
influential man of affairs. The firm operated 
five flouring mills in connection with their 
wholesale trade, and carried on an exceedingly 
prosperous business. He was active in the 
Whig party, and on the formation of the Re- 
publican party became connected with that 
organization. He was associated intimately 
with the leading men of that period and en- 
joyed the personal friendship of Thurlow 
\\^eed, William H. Seward, Governor Fenton, 
and other leaders. He represented the tenth 
ward in the Albany city council many years, and 
wielded a powerful influence in city and state 
politics. He was president of the Albany 
Board of Trade, and in many ways advanced 
the interests of his city. In religious faith 
he was a Presbyterian, and served as trustee 
of the First Church of Albany. He was a 
member of the Masonic Order, belonging to 



530 



HUDSON AND JMOHAWK VALLEYS, 



Mt. Vernon Lodge. He married (first) Har- 
riet Newell Hood, of Knowlesville, New 
York. Children: i. George H., died in Cali- 
fornia at the age of thirty, leaving a widow 
and daughter. 2. Charles Hood, see forward. 
He married (second) Sophia Ross Hartt. of 
Royalton, New York. Children : 3. Alexan- 
der, died in infancy. 4. Frederick, died in 
infancy. 5. Harriet Susan, married William 
C. Ten Eyck, of Albany, who died in 1890. 
Children : i. Sophia Janet, born jNIay, 1880, 
married, in 1908, James Blocksidge, Jr.. and 
has one daughter, Harriet Ten Eyck Block- 
sidge, born 1909. ii. Catherine Gansevoort 
Ten Eyck. iii. Mills Ten Eyck. iv. Herman 
Gansevoort Ten Eyck, deceased. 

(Vni) Charles Hood, son of Borden H. 
(i) and Harriet N. (Hood) Mills, was born 
in Knowlesville, Orleans county. New York, 
June 21, 1851. He was five years of age 
when his parents settled in Albany, where he 
received his preparatory education in Profes- 
sor Cass's high school, and the Albany Class- 
ical Institute. He entered Union College, 
where he was graduated with the degree of 
A. B. in 1872. Choosing the profession of 
law, he entered the office of John M. Carroll, 
of Johnstown, New York, graduated from Al- 
bany Law School LL.B., in 1873, and in the 
same year was admitted to the bar. He be- 
gan the practice of his profession in Johns- 
town, where he remained until 1875, then re- 
moved to Albany, New York, where he has 
since been in continuous practice. In 1889 
he formed a partnership with Charles F. 
Bridge, as Mills & Bridge, which connection 
continued until 1896. The ensuing four years 
he was in practice alone. In 1900 he asso- 
ciated with Joseph A. Murphy, of Albany, 
forming the law firm of Mills & Murphy, 
which still continues (1910). ]\Ir. Mills does 
a general legal office business, principally re- 
lating to the law of property and probate, set- 
tlement of estates, corporations, etc. He has 
devoted a great deal of time and study to the 
compiling, rewriting and rearranging of stand- 
ard legal text books, including Thompson's 
"Law of Highways," which he revised and 
rewrote. He is the editor of "New York 
Criminal Reports," and of the "Digest of New 
York Court of Appeals Reports." He has 
now about ready for the press the 1910 edition 
of the "Charter Laws and Ordinances of the 
City of Albany," which he has compiled and 
rearranged. He is president of the Albany 
Union College Alumni Association, ex-presi- 
dent Masonic Veteran Association, member of 
Chamber of Commerce, the Aurania Club, 
James Ten Eyck Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, Capitol City Chapter, Royal Arch 



Masons, Philip Livingston Chapter, Sons of 
the Revolution, and is clerk of the vestry of 
St. Andrews Episcopal Church. He has al- 
ways been a warm friend of the Y. M. C. A., 
and served as president of the association dur- 
ing the years 1883-84, and as director for a 
great many years. During his term as presi- 
dent, the present elegant building of the asso- 
ciation was erected. Politically he is a Re- 
publican, and in 1893 was president of the 
Excise Board of Albany that accomplished 
many reforms in license methods and mate- 
rially added to the city income. He married 
(first), in 1878, Harriet Brewster Gorton, de- 
scendant of the old Rhode Island family of 
that name. (See Gorton.) She died January, 
1890. Children: i. Borden Hicks (2), see 
forward. 2. David Gorton, born March 16, 
1882, died March 20, 1898. 3. Charles Hood, 
born August 16, 1884, died in infancy. 4. 
Marie Francis, born December 13, 1886, un- 
married. 5. Charlotte Rosa, born September 
13, 1888, died February, 1902. He married 
(second) Mary E. Steele, September 14, 1896. 
(IX) Borden Hicks (2), son of Charles 
Hood and Harriet Brewster (Gorton) Mills, 
was born in Albany, New York, August 16, 
1879. His early education was obtained in the 
common schools of Albany, after which he 
entered the high school, graduating in 1897. 
He chose law as his profession, read in his 
father's office, entered Albany Law School, 
from which he was graduated LL.B., class of 
1903. He was admitted to the Albany county 
bar at the June term, 1903, and to practice in 
the United States district and circuit courts 
in 1904. He began professional practice in 
Albany in 1903, where he continues. April 
30, 1909, he was appointed United States 
commissioner for the northern district of New 
York. Mr. Mills is an ardent lover of na- 
ture, and the beauties of forest and stream 
particularly appeal to him, not with the sports- 
man's desire to kill and destroy, but to enjoy 
and protect. His vacations are spent in the 
open, exploring and investigating. For many 
years he has been a contributor to the pages 
of "Recreation," "Country Life in America," 
"National Sportsman," and other periodical 
publications devoted to outdoor life. He is a 
member of Albany County Bar Association, 
the Aurania Club, Albany Yacht Club, Capitol 
City Republican Club of Albany ; is secretary 
of Philip Livingston Chapter, Sons of the 
Revolution, to which he gains membership 
through the patriotic service of his great- 
great-grandfather, George Mills, and he is 
the only male descendant living of this gen- 
eration bearing the name of Mills. He served 
for twelve years in Company A, loth Regi- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



531 



ment, New York National Guard, and is a 
member of the "Old Guard" Albany Zouave 
Cadets, Company A. Politically he is an active 
Republican, and is secretary of the 5th dis- 
trict, 19th ward organization. He is a mem- 
ber of the Madison Avenue Presbyterian 
Church of Albany ; is unmarried. 

(The Gorton Line). 
Harriet Brewster Gorton descends in the 
eighth generation from Samuel Gorton, born 
in Gorton, England, 1592, landed in Boston, 
March, 1636-7, and settled in Plymouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, where he was unjustly persecuted 
and sentenced, December 4, 1638, to "depart 
from Plymouth, his hired house, his wife and 
children, and to be beyond the utmost confines 
of it within fourteen days." He went to 
Rhode Island, settled at Providence, founded 
the town of Warwick on lands purchased 
from the Narragansett Indians in 1642. In 
1643 li^ ^v^s taken a prisoner by soldiers sent 
by Massachusetts magistrates who coveted the 
land, was tried for heresy and confined in 
Charlestown. Immediately upon his release he 
was chosen a magistrate. In 1644, upon the 
return of Roger Williams from England with 
a charter, a government was formed, with 
Williams as governor and Samuel Gorton, 
assistant. In 1645 he took ship from Man- 
hattan for England. In 1646 he secured a 
mandate from the Parliament commissioners 
which effected a union of the settlements. In 
1649 he was chosen a member of assembly. 
In 1651, during the absence of Williams in 
England, he was chosen president of the col- 
ony, from 1664 to 1667 he was deputy, a judge 
in the high court, and was again chosen in 
1670, but declined on account of his age, sev- 
enty-nine years. He died in December, 1677. 
He married in England, Mary, daughter of 
John Maplet, "gentleman," of St. Martins Le 
Grand, London. They were the parents of 
nine children. 

(II) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Mary (Maplet) Gorton, married Susanna Bur- 
ton, and had three children. 

(III) Samuel (3), son of Samuel (2) and 
Susanna (Burton) Gorton, married Freelove 
Mason, and had nine children. 

(IV) Joseph, son of Samuel (3) and Free- 
love (Mason) Gorton, married Mary Barton, 
sister of General \\"illiam Barton, who cap- 
tured the British general, Prescott, at New- 
port during the revolutionary war. Joseph 
served in Captain Millard's company. Colonel 
Waterman's regiment, Rhode Island militia. 
They were the parents of three children. 

(V) David, son of Joseph and Mary (Bar- 
ton) Gorton, married Alice Whitford. They 



settled in Mansfield, New York, where he 
died in 1830. They were the parents of 
twelve children. 

(VI) John, son of David and Alice (Whit- 
ford) Gorton, was born April 19, 1801. He 
married (first) Johanna Sheldon, at Rome, 
New York. He had two later wives and 
twenty children by his three marriages. He 
removed to Flushing, Michigan, in 1866. 

(VII) David Allyn, son of John and Jo- 
hanna (Sheldon) Gorton, was born November 
27, 1832, at Mayfield, New York. He married,, 
in 1855, Maria Frances Graham, daughter of 
Horatio and Harriet (Belts) Graham. He 
was a physician of Brooklyn, New York, and 
author of "Monism of Man," "Ethics, Civil 
and Political." Children : Harriet Brewster, 
see forward ; Eliot, married Bertha Fonda ; 
Annie M., married Dr. Wm. P. Spratling. 

(VIII) Harriet Brewster, daughter of 
David Allyn and Maria Frances (Graham) 
Gorton, was born December 18, 1856, at New 
Woodstock, New York. She married, Octo- 
ber 2, 1878, Charles Hood Mills. (See Mills- 
VIII.) 



The family name of Culver is 
CULVER said to signify a pigeon or a 

dove. The progenitor of this 
family in America was Edward Culver, who 
emigrated from Groton, England, in 1635, and" 
settled first in the valley of the Connecticut 
river. He may rightfully be considered as- 
one of the founders of Connecticut, and his 
deeds have the true ring of valor, at a time 
when the settler had to protect his family and 
his town from the savage. 

(I) Edward Culver was born in the year 
1600, in England, and died in 1685. His 
name is found early in the oldest records of 
the ancient town of Dedham, Massachusetts, 
where he married Ann Ellis in 1638, and 
where their first three children were born, 
between 1640 and 1645, after which he re- 
moved to Roxbury, Massachusetts, where at 
least two other children are known to have 
been baptized, aiid doubtless they were also 
born there, between 1648 and 165 1. He seems 
to have removed to Pequot, Connecticut, about 
the time of this latter date, in order to enjoy 
the use of about six hundred acres of land 
acquired there in 1653, as a reward for ser- 
vices rendered in the Pequot war, 1636-38. 
He purchased the house lot of Robert Bur- 
rows, becoming baker and brewer for New 
London, Connecticut. On November 20, 
1652. or 1653, he had a land grant of farming 
tract at Mystic, Connecticut, and a house lot 
in the town, the Indians calling his farm 
Chepadaso, and he located thereon in 1664, 



532 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



and was then a "wheel-right of Mystic." That 
year he released his homestead to his oldest 
son John, and removed to a place near the 
head of the Mystic river, in New London. In 
February, 1661-62, a small grant of a portion 
of the water side, next south of the fort land, 
was made to John Culver. May 7, 1663, John 
was elected to drum on Sabbath days for the 
meetings, that instrument being employed in- 
stead of church bells in summoning the people 
to worship. He resided in New Haven some 
time, where his daughter, Abigail, was born, 
in 1676, and James, in 1679; but John re- 
turned to Mystic, and in 1695 confirmed to 
Thomas Lamb the land sold by his parents to 
John Lamb, his father. Edward Culver was 
a noted soldier in King Philip's war (Hart- 
ford). In 1675 the council "ordered John 
Stedman and Edward Culver, with som of 
the Indians, to goe forth upon the scout be- 
twixt this and Springfield, to make what dis- 
covery they could upon the enemie to the east- 
ward' of the river," and he had considerable 
influence with them. He is spoken of as "Ed- 
ward the Senior" because from the name it is 
believed that Edward Culver, living in Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, in 1680, was born in New 
London after liis father removed there. 

Edward Culver Sr. married, in Dedham, 
Massachusetts, in 1638, Ann Ellis. Children: 
I. John, born in Dedham, Massachusetts, April 
15, 1640. 2. Joshua, born in Dedham, Mas- 
sachusetts, January 12, 1643; married, De- 
cember 23, 1676, Elizabeth Ford, of New 
Haven, Connecticut. 3. Samuel, born in Ded- 
ham, Massachusetts, January 9, 1644-45 ; ni^r- 
ried (by elopement) the wife of John Fish, 
about 1674. 4. Gershom, born in Roxbury, 
Massachusetts, December 3, 1648 ; see for- 
ward; there also seems to be an entry under 
the name Joseph at about the same time, which 
is thought to be the result of a mistake on 
the part of some one in writing of the name 
of the child last mentioned. 5. Hannah, born 
in Roxbury, Massachusetts, April 11, 1651; 
married, December 14, 1670, John Burrows. 
6. Edward, born in New London, Connecticut. 

(II) Gershom, son of Edward and Ann 
(Ellis) Culver, was born in Roxbury, Massa- 
chusetts, December 3, 1648, died in 1716. He 
married Mary Howell, and by her had a son 
named David. 

(III) David, son of Gershom and Mary 
(Howell) Culver, was born in 1680. He had 
a son named after him. 

(IV) David (2), son of David (i) Culver, 
was born in 1736, died August 3, 1814. He 
married Mary Youngs, and by her had a 
son who was named after him, and the same 
name as his father before him. 



(V) David (3), son of David (2) and 
Mary (Youngs) Culver, was born in Hebrsm, 
Tolland county, Connecticut, September i, 
1758, died in Pottersville. New York, March 
4, 1848. He married Abigail E. M. Curtice, 
and by her had a child named James. 

(Vi) James, son of David (3) and Abigail 
E. M. (Curtice) Culver, was born in Hebron, 
New York, September 11, 1796, died in Sandy 
Hill, New York, April 15, 1872. He married, 
in Sandy Hill, June 19, 1823, Kezia Lee, born 
May 12, 1803, died May 23, 1886, daughter 
of Colonel Stephen and Mary (Little) Lee. 
Her father, born November 7, 1773, died Au- 
gust 23, 1856, was the tenth child and sixth 
son of Thomas and Mary (DeWolf) Lee, and 
was counted a man of ability, was energetic 
and influential both as a magistrate and mili- 
tary officer at Lyme and New London, Con- 
necticut. His ancestry is traced through his 
father. Captain Thomas Lee, born August 26, 
1734; married Mehitable Peck, July 14, 1757; 
son of Colonel Stephen Lee, born Lyme, Con- 
necticut, January 19, 1699, died New London, 
May 21, 1783; married Abigail Lord, Decem- 
ber 24, 1719: son of Lieutenant Thomas Lee, 
born in England, died December 5, 1704, the 
first of the name in Lyme, Connecticut, and 
owner of one-eighth of that town, and was 
ensign of the train band ; son of Thomas Lee, 
who died in 1 64 1, and' who was the progeni- 
tor of that family in America. Another in- 
teresting fact in this ancestry is also included 
in the Lee line. Colonel Stephen Lee's wife, 
Abigail (Lord) Lee, born in Lyme, Connec- 
ticut, in 1700, died September 19, 1742, was 
the daughter of Richard Lord, born in Say- 
brook, May, 1647, died, Lyme, August 20, 
1727, whose grandfather, Thomas Lord, was 
born in England in 1583, and as progenitor 
of his family, settled in Newton, Alassachu- 
setts, and became an original proprietor and 
settler of Hartford, Connecticut. Kezia Lee 
traces ancestry of her grandmother, Mehitable 
Peck, born January 12, 1738, married Captain 
Thomas Lee, July 24, 1757, and three other 
generations (Benjamin, born March 6, 1711; 
Samuel, born July 29, 1678 ; Joseph, born New 
Haven, Connecticut, January, 1641) to Wil- 
liam Peck, who was born in England in 1601, 
and was a founder of New Haven, signed the 
fundamental agreement or Constitution, June 
4, 1639, and where he died in 1684. Children, 
born in Sandy Hill, New York: i. Cyrus 
Lee, March 29, 1824, died in Albany, New 
York, January 23, 1899; married, in Hudson, 
New York, April 12, 1855, Mary Ann Bul- 
lock, by whom one child. Dr. Charles Mor- 
timer. 2. Charles David, April 5, 1826; died 
in New York, New York, March 7, 1886; 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



533 



married, Sandy Hill, December 28, 1858, 
Louisa A. Bellamy, born June 9, 1833, died 
Denver, Colorado, August 10, 1903, by whom 
one child, Charles Bellamy, born in New York 
City, March 10, 1864; married Caroline 

. 3. Emily Kezia, October 12, 1828, 

died February 10, 1829. 4. John Oscar, May 
2, 1830 ; married, in Burlington, Wisconsin, 
May 2, i860, Minnie Bliss, by whom five chil- 
dren : i. William Lee Bliss, born March 17, 
1861 ; married, in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, Au- 
gust 6, 1885, Margaret Amelia Day; ii. Paul 
Bliss, January 18, 1865; iii. Julia Louise Bliss, 
June 3, 1868; iv. Richard Keith Bliss, Jan- 
uary 21, 1873; v. George Bliss, January 21, 
1873. 5- James Lee, November 30, 1832, died 
in Fort Edward, New York, August 8, 1890. 
6. George Bradley, January 16, 1836, died in 
New York City, December 6, 1908 ; married, 
in Comstock Landing, New York, December 
23, 1869, Lucy Comstock Baker, daughter of 
Isaac V. and Laura (Comstock) Baker, born 
September 21, 1840, died September 17, 1900, 
by whom one child, Laura Baker, born in 
North Granville, New York, September 8, 
1872, died October 17, 1901 ; married. Lake 
George, New York, June 3, 1901, Frederick 
William Aldous. 7. Maria Eliza, May 21, 
1838 ; married, Sandy Hill, September 24, 
1857, Eber Richards, born May 6, 1836, son 
■of Orson and Julia Ann (Fisk) Richards, by 
whom four children, all born in Sandy Hill, 
New York : i. Caroline Berry Richards, born 
July 23, 185S, died October 2, 1890; ii. Nelson 
James Richards, December 14, 1861, died May 
5, 1862; iii. Frederick Barnard Richards, Au- 
gust I, 1865 : married, in Granville, New York, 
June 12, 1895, Constance Emily Zorn, born 
in Jamaica, West Indies, April i, 1873, daugh- 
ter of Rev. Joseph Theophilus and Anna Ros- 
ina (Liebfreid) Zorn, to whom were born, at 
Ticonderoga, New York, three children: Dor- 
othy Richards, born August 14, 1896 ; Con- 
stance Richards. August 12, 1899; William 
Lee Richards, February 15, 1901 ; iv. Orson 
Culver Richards, born June 7, 1873 ; married, 
Sandy Hill, April 25, 1900, Mabel McLaren, 
"born in Sandy Hill, August 22, 1875, daughter 
of William ]\IcLaren and Mary Caroline 
Barkley. 8. Stephen Berry, July 19, 1841, 
died in New York City, January 20, 1902 ; 
married, in Port Chester, New York, Sep- 
tember 20, 1887, Georgianna Peck, who died 
March 16, 1901, and by whom two children: 
]\Iary Richards, born in New York City, 
June II, 1889; Edward Peck, born in Mt. 
Vernon, New York, November 4, 1892. 9. 
Thomas Lee, May 31, 1844; married, in Fort 
Miller, New York, June 3, 1885, Anna De 
Garmo, born September 15, 1862, died Au- 



gust 30, 1892, by whom two children: i. Stew- 
art Lee, born in New York City, August 9, 
1887, died July 13, 1889; ii. James Lee, born 
in Jersey City Heights, New Jersey, March 
25, 1891, died April 8, 1892. 10. William 
Lee, September 24, 1846, drowned in the Hud- 
son river at Sandy Hill, August i, i860. 

(VII) Cyrus Lee, son of James and Kezia 
(Lee) Culver, was born in Sandy Hill, New 
York, March 29, 1824, died in Albany, New 
York, January 23, 1899. He received his 
education at Sandy Hill (in 1910 called Hud- 
son Falls), Washington county. New York. 
He was not famous nor did he seek fame. 
Those who knew him best knew the high 
standard of conduct he exemplified. Harrison 
E. Webster, president of Union College, said 
that Cyrus L. Culver was one of the best 
Christians of his (Webster's) acquaintance. 
Clinton Aleneely, of Liberty Bell renown, said 
that if there were ever an unselfish man, Cyrus 
L. Culver was that man. Eber Richards de- 
clared that "Cy was as good a friend as any- 
body ever had." His school education ended 
when he was but thirteen years of age. It 
was to him, however, that Mr. John Spicer, of 
Troy (himself a collegian and cultured) re- 
ferred when he said: "I don't go to the ex- 
pense of keeping an encyclopedia up to date ; 
when I want to know anything, I go over and 
ask Culver!" He read much of the best liter- 
ature and remembered an astonishing amount 
of the best that he read. Dr. Joseph Culver, 
of Jersey City, the heir of the four hundred 
acres, near New London, Connecticut, that 
were granted to Edward Culver for his valor- 
ous part in Queen Anne's and the Pequot 
wars, said that Cyrus Lee Culver's researches 
in the New York State Library had contrib- 
uted some of the most valuable of the data 
requisite for the actual extent of the family 
genealogy. Cyrus Lee Culver married, in 
Hudson, New York, April 12, 1855, Mary 
Ann Bullock, born in Plillsdale, New York, 
September 18, 1833. Her father was Major 
Mead Bullock, born March 20, 1805, and her 
mother was Sally Ann (Rodman) Bullock. 
Major Bullock's ancestry is to be traced 
through Comfort Bullock, born in Rehoboth, 
Massachusetts, March 9, 1762; Comfort Bul- 
lock, born April 4, 1741 ; Isaac; John, born 
May 19. 1664, to Richard Bullock, born in 
England in 1622, died Rehoboth, Massachu- 
setts, November 22, 1677, and was a land- 
owner in Middlebury, Long Island, being 
taxed in 1656. The mother of Mary .-Xnn Bul- 
lock, who was Sally Ann Rodman, traces her 
ancestry through six generations, ending with 
John Rodman, born in England and banished 
to the Barbadoes for his Quaker principles, 



534 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



where he died about 1686. One child was 
born to Cyrus Lee and Mary Ann (Bullock) 
Culver, Dr. Charles IMortimer Culver, see for- 
ward. 

(Vni) Dr. Charles Mortimer Culver, son 
of Cyrus Lee and Mary Ann (Bullock) Cul- 
ver, was born in West Troy, New York, later 
known as Watervliet, September 28, 1856. 
His elementary education was acquired at the 
public schools in Hillsdale, Sandy Hill and 
Troy, after which he attended the Troy high 
school, Claverack College, Hudson River In- 
stitute, and the Rensselaerville Academy. He 
entered Union College, and was graduated 
with the degree of A. B., in 1878, in 1881 
receiving the degree of A.M. from his alma 
mater. He next studied at the Albany Medi- 
cal College of Union University, and was 
graduated in 1881, following which he de- 
voted two years to serious study abroad, at 
the Friedrich Wilhelm University of Berlin, 
Prussia, and at the Sorbonne, of Paris. When 
he returned to this country, in 1883, he con- 
fined his practice to the eye, and from 1892 
to 1905 was the ophthalmic surgeon to the 
Albany Orphan Asylum, all the time progress- 
ing in skill and acquiring a reputation as 
among the foremost practitioners in his spe- 
cialty for this part of the country. He has 
received a number of appointments, among 
them trustee of Union University, 1888-92 ; 
first vice-president of the American Academy 
of Medicine, 1900-01 ; United States pension 
examining surgeon, 1887-1905 ; member of the 
surgical staff of the Albany Orphan Asylum, 
1892-1905 ; member of the council of the 
American Academy of Medicine, 1901-04; 
historian of the Philip Livingston Chapter of 
the Sons of the American Revolution, 1896- 
1900. He is a member of the Albany County 
Medical Society, New York State' Medical 
Society, American Ophthalmological Society, 
Albany County Medical Association, New 
York State Medical Association, American 
Academy of Medicine, of the Psi Upsilon, 
Theta Nu Epsilon and Phi Beta Kappa fra- 
ternal societies, and a member of the Albany 
Institute and Historical and Art Society. He 
has written and translated a number of works, 
among which may be cited his translation of 
Landolt's "Refraction and Accommodation," 
1886: Landolt's "Modern Treatment of Cata- 
ract," 1893: and "Anomalies of the Motor 
Apparatus of the Eyes," 1900, in Norris and 
Oliver's "System of Diseases of the Eye." 

Dr. Culver has been a "Mugwump" since 
the presidential election of 1884, and has fig- 
ured prominently in the work of the Albany 
Civic League, of which he was one of the 
principal founders and has been one of its 



most aggressive spirits in the endeavor to 
better affairs in Albany. He is a member of 
the Second Presbyterian Church. He is an 
agreeable companion, but his manifold duties 
absorb most of his time. His residence for 
some years prior to 1910 was at No. 36 Eagle 
street, Albany. 

He married, in Albany, May 10, 1887, Jes- 
sie Munsell, born in Albany, January 2, 1859, 
daughter of Joel and Mary A. (Reid) Munsell. 
Her father was born in Northfield. Massachu- 
setts, April 14, 1808, died in Albany, Jan- 
uary 15, 1880, son of Joel and Cynthia (Paine) 
Munsell, and was one of a family of seven 
children. He gained fame as a publisher of 
histories, as a genealogist and the author of 
"Annals of Albany" and other historical 
works. (See Munsell VII.) Mrs. Culver 
was educated at the Albany Female Academy, 
and is a member of a number of local organ- 
izations, among them the Albany Musical 
Association, the Gansevoort Chapter of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, the 
Albany Female Academy Alumnae Associa- 
tion, and the Albany Institute and Historical 
and Art Society, and is a member of the 
Second Presbyterian Church. She is a per- 
son of cultivated tastes and always ready to 
co-operate with those seeking to uplift hu- 
manity. Children: Cyrus Lee, born in Scho- 
dack. New York, May 26, 1888; Mary, born 
in Albany, New York, January 29, 1895. 



The family name of Munsell 
MUNSELL is believed to have been de- 
rived, according to the orig- 
inal spelling, "Monsall," from a dale in Derby- 
shire, England, or else signifying a person 
originally from Mansle in France. An idea 
also prevails that the name is derived from 
the French word, "maunche," a sleeve, and on 
the coat-of-arms appear three sleeves. It is 
certain that branches of the one family wrote 
it Maunsell, Mansell, Monsell, Monsal'l, Mun- 
sill, Mansel, Moncil, Munsel and Muncil ; but 
despite the variations in orthography, the fam- 
ily history shows that they are of one lineage 
alone, originating in Sir Philip de Maunsell, 
who came from Normandy as one of the 
companions of William the Conqueror, and 
on whom was bestowed the manor of Ox- 
wiche, in Glamorganshire, and his grandson, 
Sir John Maunsell, was constituted lord chief 
justice of England in the time of Henry 
HI. 

The Munsell Arms, Shield: Argent, a 
chevron between three maunches, sable. 
Crest: (ist) on a chapeau gules, turned up 
ermine, a falcon rising proper; (2nd) a cap 
of maintenance, enflamed at the top, proper. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



535 



Mottoes : Quod vult valde vult, and Honor- 
antes me honorabo. 

(I) Thomas Munsell was born about 1650, 
and it is probable that he came from England 
to New London, Connecticut, about 1680. His 
name first appears on record there in 1681, 
and in 1683 he resided on the Great Neck at 
that place. He wrote his name Munsell, Mon- 
sell, Munsel and Muncil. He had a wife 
named Lydia, and died at the place mentioned, 
in 1712. Children: i. Jacob, born New Lon- 
don, Connecticut, about 1690, see forward. 2. 
Elisha, born New London, Connecticut, about 
1700. 3. Mercy. 4. Deliverance. 

(H) Jacob, son of Thomas and Lydia 
Munsell, was born in New London, Connec- 
ticut, about 1690. In 1723 he resided at Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, and then moved to the east 
side of the river. Eight years later he was 
ferryman between the North, or Scantic, Par- 
ish and Windsor, and he petitioned the legis- 
lature for a license to keep accommodations 
and strong drink for travelers. On August 11, 
1 74 1, he signed a petition to the Congrega- 
tional church. He married (first), at New 
London, Connecticut, in 1713, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of John and Abigail Calkins. She died 
about 1716, leaving no children. He married 
(second), at Windsor, Connecticut, February 
15, 1718, Phebe Loomis, born in 1697, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Lydia (Drake) Loomis. 
Children : i. Calkins, born Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, June 12, 1718; married there, May 19, 
1743, Mary Booth; eight children; died May 
21, 1758. 2. Thomas, born April 9, 1720, died 
April 17, 1720. 3. Mercy, born February 9, 
1 72 1, died young. 4. Elisha, born Windsor, 
Connecticut, September 15, 1723; see for- 
ward. 5. Jonathan, born Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, October 7, 1725 ; married there, about 
1746, Hannah Pasco; seven children; died 
August 13, 1787. 6. Mercy, born February 
20, 1728. 7. Gurdon, born Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, April 26, 1730; married there, November 
II, 1751, Lucy, daughter of Jonah and Rachel 
(Brown) Stiles; seven children; died about 
1760. 8. Jacob, born Windsor, Connecticut, 
April 21, 1732; married (first), January 2, 
1 75 1, Sarah Bancroft: nine children; married 
(second), about 1786, Sybil Ellsworth: no 
children ; died about 1790. 9. Joseph, born 
September 28, 1734. 10. John, born Windsor, 
Connecticut, September 5, 1736; seven chil- 
dren. II. Desire, born Windsor, Connecticut, 
September 5, 1741 ; married there, July 22, 
1764, Isaac Rockwell; died August 19, 1782. 

(HI) Elisha, son of Jacob and Phebe 
(Loomis) Munsell, was born in Windsor, 
Connecticut, September 15, 1723. On Jan- 
uary 6, 1778, he petitioned the general as- 



sembly of Connecticut to make an allowance 
to him because of the loss of his son, Joel, a 
revolutionary soldier, who was ordered under 
the command of General Horatio Gates, and 
while stationed in Albany contracted such a 
severe case of smallpox that he died Novem- 
ber 23, 1777, eighteen days after his arrival 
home, and his father, aged and with a large 
family to support, had been put to consider- 
able expense to secure medical attention and 
the attendance of nurses. Elisha Munsell died 
November 22, 1803. He married, December 
27, 1750, Kezia Taylor, of Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, born October 23, 1726, died April 8, 
1784. Children: i. Hezekiah, born December 
7, 175 1, died young. 2. Hezekiah, born Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, January 17, 1753 ; see for- 
ward. 3. Joel, born July 8, 1755, died No- 
vember 23, 1777. 4. Miriam, born January 15, 
1757, died young. 5. Naomi, born April 3, 
1758; married Jonathan Button. 6. Bathsheba, 
born December 6, 1760, died July 10, 1791. 
7. Kezia, born October 17, 1763, died April 
9, 1789. 8. Miriam, born Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, January 17, 1767 : married there, 1786. 
James Wolcott ; three children. 9. Ruth, born 
October 15, 1769, died young. 

(IV) Hezekiah, son of Elisha and Kezia 
(Taylor) Munsell, was born in Windsor, Con- 
necticut, January 17, 1753, baptised by Rev. 
Timothy Edwards. He was in the revolution- 
ary army much of the time from April, 1775, 
to November, 1780. He married at Windsor, 
Connecticut, January 24, 1777, Irene, born 
July 14, 1755, daughter of Moses and Anna 
(Stiles) Bissell, and with her resided at East 
Windsor, Connecticut, on a farm of one acre, 
purchased from his father, on January 16, 
1776, for two pounds ten shillings; died 
there, April 14, 1844. Children: i. Hezekiah, 
born September 17, 1777; married, September, 
1814, Mary Hull; four children; died. Hoo- 
sic, New York, April 16, 1858. 2. Irene, born 
Windsor, Connecticut, February 21, 1779; 
married, 1797, Martin Green, son of Ashabel 
and Grace (Grant) Green; seven children; 
died October 3, 1869. 3. Joel, born in 1781, 
died same year. 4. Joel, born in East Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, January 14, 1783; see for- 
ward. 5. Ezra, born Windsor, Connecticut, 
March 27, 1785 ; married Chloe, born in 1785, 
daughter of Daniel Squires ; three chil- 
dren. 6. Timothy, born Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, July I, 1787; married there, in 1812, Abi- 
gail, daughter of Elijah Sadd ; seven children ; 
died August 12, 1839. 7. Luke, born East 
Windsor, Connecticut, June 4, 1790; married, 
December, 1822, Eliza, born August 13, 1801, 
daughter of A. Sneed ; ten children ; died Jef- 
fersonville, Indiana, June 18, 1854. 8. Elisha, 



536 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



born East \\'indsor, Connecticut, March 13, 
1793; married (first) October 30, 1817, Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Hurd, of Northfield, 
Massachusetts, died in 1830, five children; 
married (second), Swanzey, New Hampshire, 
September 8. 1834, Lucy C., daughter of Joel 
and Lydia (Combs) Sibley; six children; died 
Swanzey, New Hampshire, June 27, i86g. 9. 
Kezia, born February 15, 1796. 10. Laura, 
born Windsor, Connecticut, April 29, 1798. 

(V) Joel, son of Hezekiah and Irene (Bis- 
sell) Munsell, was born in East Windsor, Con- 
necticut, January 14, 1783. He was a plow 
and wagon-maker. He removed to North- 
field, Massachusetts, in 1806, where he pur- 
chased a plat of ground in 1809, and within 
a year had established a flourishing manufac- 
tory. These predecessors of the iron or steel 
plow were made from wood, and are at this 
day to be found preserved as curios in many 
museums of antiquities, while the wheels made 
at his place are displayed as models of dura- 
ble workmanship. He removed with his wife 
and eldest daughter to Albany, in 1846, where 
his oldest son resided and had prepared a sub- 
urban home for him. He died in Auburn, 
New York, April 3, 1865, and was buried in 
Albany. He married, May 5, 1807, Cynthia 
Paine, born in Tolland, Connecticut, August 
24, 1782, died Albany, July 12, 1864. All 
their children were born in Northfield, Massa- 
chusetts. Children: i. Joel, born April 14, 
1808; see forward. 2. Cynthia, born June 29, 
1810. 3. Son, born August 30, 1812, died 
October 25, 1812. 4. Cyrus, born January 10, 
1813; married. Charlestown, New Hampshire, 
January 21, 1839, Diantha A., daughter of 
Alpha Huntoon. of Unity, New Hampshire; 
children : i. Russell, born Charlestown, New 
Hampshire, June 19, 1840, married, July 3, 
1865, Mary A. Moore; ii. Willard xA.lpha, born 
Auburn, New York, March 17, 1858, died 
there Alarch 22, 1862; iii. Homer Joel, born 
Auburn, New York, June 4, 1859. 5- Luke, 
born October 27, 1816; married, Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 26, 1851, Margaret Ann, 
daughter of William and Mary Johnston, of 
Bremen, Maine; died Boston, July 13, 1875; 
children : i. Frederick William, born June 16, 
1853, died Springfield, Massachusetts, July 
27, 1864; ii- Albert Henry, born January 6, 
1858. 6. Elijah Bisbee, born September 21, 
1819; married, September 9, 1846, Martha 
Ann, daughter of James Covel ; died, Hart- 
ford. Connecticut. June 26, 1882; children: i. 
Franklin Eugene, born Manchester. Connecti- 
cut, April 3, 1849; ii- Anna Gertrude, born 
Vernon, Connecticut, March 23, 1852. 7. 
Mary Edwards, born November 11, 1822; 
married, May 20, 1851, Henry Sutliflf; child: 



Charles Henry, born Belvidere, Illinois, April 

25, 1853- 

(\T) Joel (2), son of Joel (i) and Cyn- 
thia (Paine), Munsell, was born at North- 
field, Massachusetts, April 14, 1808. No one 
ever has or can gain a greater height of re- 
spect in Albany than Joel Munsell achieved by 
his own efforts and in his own quiet, pains- 
taking, laborious way, as historian, genealo- 
gist and pubhsher. He was unpretentious in 
his manner of living, and retiring of nature, 
withal his fellow citizens considered him in 
their front rank, and though a poor man in 
comparison with his friends, his intelligence 
counted for far more than their opulence, so 
that his name will linger while that of the 
great and successful merchant will be entirely 
forgotten. His parents had gone from Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, to Northfield before his 
birth, and it was at that place he spent the 
first seventeen years of his life, attending the 
local school of the town and also assisting his 
father in his trade of wheelwright. But it 
was in 1825 that his natural bent was given 
freer rein, when he became an apprentice in 
the printing office of the Franklin Post and 
Christian Freeman, published at Greenfield, 
nearby. In December of 1826 he had changed 
to another office in the village ; but his next 
employer, John Denio, took him to Albany in 
May, 1827, to be his clerk in a book store. He 
preferred, at that time, to be engaged in the 
making of books rather than the selling of 
them, and secured employment on the Na- 
tional Obsen'er, published by Solomon South- 
wick. January i, 1828, found him a journey- 
man printer two days of the week on the Ma- 
sonic Record and also helping Mr. Denio at 
spare moments. Meanwhile he was printing, 
editing and distributing from door to door his 
own news sheet, The Albany Mincrz-a, of 
which he issued eight numbers. He now de- 
voted much time to collecting papers and bind- 
ing them, doing job work for various news- 
papers, and was away some time seeking jour- 
neymen in Northfield, Hartford and New 
Haven. With a little spare time at the latter 
place, he attended lectures and read useful 
works in science and literature. 

In 1834 he was associated with Henry D. 
Stone in the publication of The Microscope, 
and this lasted three years, when he had saved 
a sufficient sum to enable him in October, 
1836, to open for himself a job printing office, 
at No. 58 State street. He had at last found 
his true bearings, where his skill and intelli- 
gence might expand as he desired they should, 
and as a result "Joel Munsell, the printer," be- 
came known all over the United States. It is 
peculiar that in becoming, through his print- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



537 



ery, the friend of the historian, student, gen- 
ealogist and chronicler of events, he \vas to 
reap so great a success that everything put 
forth by his shop trebled in value as time went 
on, and by 1900, or hardly a score of years 
after his death, such volumes as he had issued 
at a dollar had increased in value to from 
three to eight dollars. In the year 1900 his 
"Memoirs of Madame Reidesel," printed in 
ordinary fashion and bound plainly in cloth, 
could not be secured to supply the demand of 
the trade at eight dollars, and one of the vol- 
umes of his "Collections" was quoted locally 
at twenty-five dollars. This shows with what 
perspicuity he selected works for publication, 
which many another would have deemed un- 
important. A list of the books and pamphlets 
issued from his press would make a volume 
in itself, and had he lived to reap the benefits 
of this phenomenal advance in trade, he would 
have bequeathed riches to his family. 

The first work compiled and published by 
him was called "Outlines of the History of 
Printing," issued in 1839. But it is as a his- 
torian of the city that Albanians look up to 
him. He is remembered by everyone as the 
greatest recorder of local events, and were it 
not for his patient efiforts, but poorly remu- 
nerated, there would be a dearth of printed 
material about the past of Albany. At this day 
it is an ambition of every household to possess 
a set of his ten little volumes inscribed "An- 
nals of Albany," which he began in 1849 ^"d 
completed in 1859. The text runs as a diary 
and carries the reader back a hundred years 
by the compilations therein under the caption, 
"Notes from the Newspapers." His "Collec- 
tions on the History of Albany," four volumes, 
were issued between 1865 and 1871, and every- 
body wonders how he found the time to pre- 
pare them in conjunction with the work of 
his printery. They are exceedingly valuable 
for reference and are frequently quoted. An- 
other similar work and monument to his in- 
dustry is "The Every Day Book of History 
and Chronology," compiled by him, and pub- 
lished in two i2mo. volumes in 1843. Begin- 
ning with that year he prepared and issued 
annually "Webster's Annual Almanac," start- 
ed in 1784 by Charles R. Webster, continued 
up to the present, since his father's death, by 
Charles j\Iunsell. Many of his publications 
were put forth at a pecuniary loss to him ; but 
he never refused to print what appeared to 
him to be a valuable manuscript because of a 
forecast "it wouldn't pay," and this unselfish 
zeal has led to the preservation of an abund- 
ance of historic material now of rare value. 

Mr. Munsell's endeavors in the field of local 
journalism include Albany Minerva, 1828; a 



daily campaign paper edited by the Hon. Dan- 
iel D. Barnard, 1840; The Lady's Magazine 
and The Northern Star and Freeman's Advo- 
cate, in 1844; Tile Spectator, edited by Rev. 
Dr. William Buel Sprague, in 1845 '> The 
Guard, an Odd Fellows' paper, edited by C. 
C. Burr and John Fanner ; and at various 
times, The Nezv York State Mechanic, The 
Unionist, The State Register, The Typogra- 
phical Miscellany, The New York Teacher, 
The Morning Express and The Daily States- 
man. He also took great interest in and for 
three years published The Neiv England His- 
toric-Genealogical Register, of Boston. He 
published ten volumes of valuable historical 
matter in limited editions upon excellent paper, 
quarto size, entitled "Munsell's Historical 
Series." 

Mr. Munsell was a founder of The Albany- 
Institute, constant in attendance, reading be- 
fore that body a number of papers of great 
concern, and was through forty years its treas- 
urer. During forty-three years he was a faith- 
ful supporter of the Lutheran church and its 
trustee for over twenty years. 

He was affectionately liked by all who had 
the honor of associating with him. In stature 
he was slight, and in expression decidedly 
cheerful, although possibly he enjoyed no oth- 
er pleasures than his arduous work. In con- 
versation he frequently was jocose and 
facetious. His manner was always quiet and 
unobtrusive. He was made an honorary mem- 
ber of many societies, each of which bodies 
sent delegates to attend his funeral, when worn 
out by excessive and constant work he ceased 
from his labors. He died January 15, 1880, 
at his residence. No. 59 Lodge street, Albany, 
New York. 

Joel Munsell married (first) at Albany, 
New York, June 17, 1834, Jane Caroline 
Bigelow, born in 1812, died in Albany, June 
17, 1854, by whom four children. Married 
(second) at Albany, September 11, 1856, 
Mary A. Reid, born in 1822, daughter of 
Alexander Reid, of Montreal, Canada, by 
whom six children, the ten children born in 
Albany, New York. Children: i. William 
Augustus, born May 25, 1835 ! see forward. 
2. Anna Caroline, born August. 1839; "^'^d Al- 
bany, June 16, 1840. 3. Julia Annie, born 
February 13, 1850; see forward. 4. Charles 
born December 29, 1852 ; see forward. 5 
Frank, born June 19, 1857; ^^e forward. 6 
Jessie, born January 2, 1859; see forward. 7 
Sarah, born February 10, 1861, unmarried 
residing in Albany, New York, in 1910. 8 
Minnie, born December 9, 1862; see forward 
9. Laura, born March 15, 1866; married, Jan- 
uary 16, 1895, Dr. William Tremain, of Rome, 



538 



HUDSON AND AIOHAWK VALLEYS 



New York, no children. lo. Emma, born 
June 14, 1868; married, Albany, October 19, 
1897, Robert A. Hevenor, of Chicago, Illinois, 
no children, both residing in Oiicago, 
in 1910. 

(VII) William Augustus, son of Joel and 
Jane Caroline (Bigelow) Munsell, was born in 
Albany, New York, May 25, 1835, and died 
in Norwood, Ohio, February 23, 1898. He 
married (first), Albany, September 22, 1856, 
Maria Beers, by whom two children; married 
(second), in Albany. April 29, 1868, Lizzie 
Evans, born in Gloucestershire, England, July 
27, 1849, daughter of Thomas and Ann Evans, 
and by this second wife he had five children. 
Children: i. Jennie Caroline, born in Albany. 
August 31, 1857. 2. Alice, born in Albany, 
1859. 3. William Sellew, born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, July 27, 1869. 4. Charlotte Lucille, born 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, August 27, 1872; married, 
at Wequelonsing, Michigan, July 31, 1899, 
Theodore Pflueger, of Cincinnati, Ohio, by 
whom one child, Theodore Carlisle, born in 
Norwood, Ohio, September 24, 1900. 5. Jack- 
son Armstrong, born in Bond Hill, Ohio, De- 
cember 13, 1873; married, at Cincinnati, Feb- 
ruary 14, 1S99, Marie Kirkup, by whom four 
children : i. Robert Kirkup, born Cincinnati, 
September 29, 1899; ii. Jackson Armstrong 
Jr., born in Norwood, Ohio, January 19, 1901 ; 
iii. Mary Lucille, born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
October 7, 1902; iv. James William, born in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, June 30, 1904. 6. Albert 
West, born in Bond Hill, Ohio, March 24, 
1877; married, Batavia, Ohio, June 24, 1902, 
Edith Mann Frazier, born Avondale, Ohio, 
June 25, 1879, by whom four children : i. Al- 
bert Frazier, born in Wheeling, West Vir- 
ginia, May 10, 1903; ii. John Richard, born in 
same place, July 21, 1905; iii. Stephen Evans, 
born in Detroit, Michigan, November 17, 
1907; iv. Edith Frazier, born in Detroit, De- 
cember 23, 1909. 7. Edward Thomas, born 
in Bond Hill, Ohio, June 13, 1881. 

(VII) Julia Annie, daughter of Joel and 
Jane Caroline (Bigelow) Munsell, was born 
in Albany, New York, February 13, 1850. She 
married, Albany, August 28, 1871, William 
Turner Jr., son of William and Eliza (Ram- 
sey) Turner of Albany. He died, Albany, 
February 28, 1885. Children: i. Grace E., 
born Albany, August 10, 1872, died in Al- 
bany, March 13, 1875. 2. Adelaide E., born 
Albany, October 23, 1874. 3. Jessie E., born, 
Albanv, March 20, 1877, died, Albany, October 
12, 1888. 

(\TI) Charles, son of Joel and Jane Caro- 
line (Bigelow) Munsell, was born in Albany, 
New York, December 29, 1852. He continu- 
ing his father's establishment with his brother. 



Frank, for some time, conducted afterwards 
a book bindery and yearly brought out the 
"Webster Almanac," which had been started 
in the year 1784, as his father had done before 
him, since 1843. He married, in Albany, Sep- 
tember 7, 1876, Sarah C, daughter of Samuel 
and Mary Ann (Anthony) Knower. She 
was born in Albany, July 4, 1857, died in Al- 
bany, February 15, 1888. Children, born in 
Albany: i. Harriet Edith, June 24, 1878. 2. 
Grace Huested, July 19,. 1880. 3. Alice Mary, 
March 10, 1883, died in Albany, September 
12, 1887. 4. Elizabeth Evelyn, September 26, 
1885, died in Albany, September 15, 1887. 

(VII) Frank, son of Joel and Mary A. 
(Reid) Munsell, was born in Albany, New 
York, June 19, 1857. He continued his fa- 
ther's business as book publisher and binder. 
He married, Albany, June 8, 1880, Mary 
Sprague, daughter of John Danforth and Sa- 
rah Jane (Smythe) Houghtaling, of Bath-on- 
the-Hudson (Rensselaer, New York). She 
was born at Johnstown, New York, May 17, 
1861. Children: i. Claude Garfield, born, 
Rensselaer, New York, January 18, 1881. 2. 
Idell Lillian, born, Rensselaer, June 25, 1882; 
died, Rensselaer, February 26, 1884. 3. Ethel 
Lelah, born, Albany, October 11, 1884; mar- 
ried February 19, 1906, Henry T. de Rivera, 
by whom two children : Ethel Munsell de Ri- 
vera, born New York, June 11, 1907, and 
Catharine Ward de Rivera, born New York, 
June I, 1909. 4. Irma, born in Albany, March 
20, 1888. 5. Danforth Houghtaling, born in 
Albany, April 13, 1890. 

(VII) Jessie, daughter of Joel and Mary 
A. (Reid) Munsell, was born in Albany, Jan- 
uary 2, 1859. Her education was received at 
the Albany Female Academy. She married, 
Albany, May 10, 1887, Dr. Charles Mortimer 
Culver, son of Cyrus Lee and Mary Ann (Bul- 
lock) Culver. He was born in West Troy, 
New York (Watervliet), September 28, 1856. 
(See Culver VIII). Children: i. Cyrus Lee, 
born Schodack, New York, May 26, 1888. 2. 
Mary, born, Albany, New York, January 29, 
1895. 

(VII) Minnie, daughter of Joel and Mary 
A. (Reid) Munsell, was born in Albany, New 
York, December 9, 1862. She married, Al- 
bany, February 25, 1891, Frank Crary Fer- 
guson, of Albany. Child : Guy, born in Al- 
bany, December 22, 1894. 



The family name, Cameron, 
CAMERON is believed to have been de- 
rived from the Gaelic and 
Welsh word "Cam," meaning crooked or 
winding, combined with the word "sron," a 
nose,- — therefore, a crooked or hooked nose, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



539 



which was doubtless a characteristic of those 
who were first given the name. 

(I) James Cameron, the first of this family 
line to come to this country from the Scottish 
Highlands settled at once in the "highlands" 
of New York state, or the Adirondacks, the 
particular locality now included in Warren 
county, where he acquired land and com- 
menced lumbering in the forest wilds. 

(H) Rev. John Cameron, son of James 
Cameron, entered the ministry, and officiated 
in the northern part of New York. He mar- 
ried Julia Hodgson, and had a son named 
James. 

(HI) Hon. James (2) Cameron, son of 
Rev. John and Julia (Hodgson) Cameron, was 
born near Warrensburg, New York, October 
8, 1794, died at the same place, July 10, 1858. 
He married, September 27, 1818, Dinah Co- 
man, of Warrensburg, born there, August 30, 
1800, died at that place, April 6, 1892. Her 
father was Isaac Coman, and her mother was 
Dinah (Rice) Coman. Children: Mary Ann, 
torn November 12, 1819, died February 20, 
1896; John A., born November 14, 1821 ; 
Charles R., born June 5, 1824; Silas H., born 
December 25, 1826: died September 16, 1893; 
James W., born February 13, 1829, died June 
2, 1903; Truman Daniel, born January 9, 
1832, see forward; Martha, born April 8, 
1834; Adelia, born January 8, 1837, died June 
2.6, 1903; Helena, born February 27, 1839; 
Madison, born October 27, 1841 ; Arabella 
Louisa, born November 14, 1845. 

(IV) Truman Daniel, son of Hon. James 
(2) and Dinah (Coman) Cameron, was born 
near Warrensburg, Warren county, New 
York, January 9, 1832, died, Albany, Febru- 
ary 20, 1898, his late place of residence being 
"Noremac," situated on the Western Turn- 
pike but a short distance to the west of the 
city of Albany. He stood among the promi- 
nent business men of the city where he had 
spent the greater part of his life, and which 
became the home of his family and descendants 
of the three last generations. He came to 
Albany in his boyhood in order to obtain an 
education superior to that of his native place, 
and entered the State Normal College. After 
"his graduation, he was appointed an instructor 
in the Albany Academy, as the acquisition of 
knowledge and again bestowing it upon others 
had a fascination for him. Here he gave in- 
struction in fitting youths for college through- 
out seventeen years, and many are the promi- 
nent citizens of Albany who owe a degree of 
their ability in the professions to his prover- 
bial thoroughness. The close confinement of 
the schoolroom impaired his health, and he 
^consequently resigned in 1867 to found what 



in time developed through his energy into an 
extensive and prosperous lumber business, 
both wholesale and retail, which he conducted 
in the western part of the city, then growing- 
rapidly, with an office located at the corner 
of Lexington and Washington avenues, rather 
than among the scores of dealers in the north- 
ern end of the city, known as the famous 
"Lumber District." The outdoor life did 
much to strengthen his physique, and having ' 
])urchased a beautiful country place, "Nore- 
mac," on property formerly owned by Mr. 
Billings P. Learned, he obtained great en- 
joyment there, in view of the Helderbergs, 
and recovered his health. He was a devout 
attendant of the First Presbyterian Church, of 
which for many years he was a ruling elder, 
and was a most thorough Bible scholar, de- 
vout not alone in his way of living at home, 
but actively giving instruction in the Sunday 
school. In every religious work of his con- 
gregation he was enthusiastically diligent, and 
took considerable pleasure in frequent attend- 
ance upon the sick of his circle of acquaint- 
ances and of the church, in fact, he led a prac- 
tical Christian life, living day by day what 
many another would simply preach. He was 
generous, kind and affectionate, and on all 
worthy occasions most helpful to his fellow- 
men. Mr. Cameron married, at Albany, April 
20, 1854, Elizabeth Flagler, born in Cherry 
Valley, New York, March 27, 1830, daughter 
of Daniel Flagler, born in Dutchess county. 
New York, 1780, died in Grovenor Cor- 
ners, Schoharie county. New York, 1854, and 
Sarah (Ward) Flagler, born in Dutchess 
county, died in Grovenor Corners, Schoharie 
county, New York, 1842. Children: i. Em- 
ma Elizabeth, born Albany, September 21, 
1857. 2. Frederick W., born in Albany, June 
I, 1859, see forward. 3. Livia Griffin, born 
in Albany, December 11. 1861 ; married Dr. 
Reuben D. Clark, secretary New York state 
board of agriculture, April 18, 1892; one child, 
Reuben D. Jr., born Albany, June 3, 1894. 
4. Edward Madison, born in Albany, October 
7, 1864, see forward. 5. Leroy Learned, born 
in Albany, January 19, 1869, died in Albany, 
August 4, i8q6. 

(V) Frederick W., son of Truman D. and 
Elizabeth (Flagler) Cameron, was born in 
Albany, June i, 1859. His earliest education 
was received at the Albany Academy, follow- 
ing which very complete preparatory course 
he entered L^nion College, from which he was 
graduated A. B., class of 1881, taking highest 
honors. During these years he devoted par- 
ticular attention to the sciences, taking extra 
courses in chemistry, electricity, physics and 
mechanical arts, with the wise forethought of 



540 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



qualifying himself, when he should become a 
lawyer, with the capacity to handle patent 
cases advantageously. So in earnest was he, 
that his vacations were spent studying in law 
offices. He entered the Albany Law School of 
Union University, and received his degree of 
LL.B. in 1882. He was admitted as attor- 
ney and counsellor of the supreme court in 
May, 1882. Shortly afterward he formed a 
partnership with Walter E. Ward, which con- 
tinued for nearly twenty-five years, after 
which Mr. Cameron opened a suite of offices 
in the new building of the First National 
Bank, at Nos. 35-37 State street, where he 
was located in 1910. He has always made a 
distinct specialty of the law of patents, trade- 
marks and corporations, although he has had 
many important cases in the state courts and 
carries on a general law practice. He has 
been engaged in a large number of very im- 
portant cases both in this and foreign coun- 
tries, prosecuting both in Canada and Eng- 
land, before the privy council of the latter 
country on appeal from the highest court of 
Canada. He was appointed United States 
commissioner in 1892, which office he resigned 
in 1907. He is a Democrat in his politics. He 
and his family attend the First Presbyterian 
Church, of which he is a trustee, a faith he 
and his ancestors followed ever since their 
arrival in this country. He is a trustee of 
Union College; a trustee of the Albany Law 
School ; a trustee of the Chamber of Com- 
merce; a director of the First National Bank 
of Albany ; a trustee of the Fairview Home 
for Orphan Children ; a trustee of the Albany 
City Mission, and of the Homeopathic Hos- 
pital of Albany, New York. In affairs of his 
alma mater, he has continued his interest, 
and has been the president of its Alumni Asso- 
ciation of Northeastern New York, as well as 
a member of the board of trustees for several 
years. Mr. Cameron is also a member of the 
Fort Orange Club, University Club, Albany 
Country Club, Burns Club, of The Albany In- 
stitute and Historical and Art Society, New 
York State Historical Association, University 
Club of New York City, the Delta Phi Socie- 
ty, Jefferson Club, New York State Bar As- 
sociation, Albany County Bar Association, of 
the American Bar Association, the Patent Law 
Association of Washington, D. C, and a mem- 
ber of Temple Lodge, No. 14, F. and A. M. 

He married, in Albany, April 2, 1891, 
Jeannie Armsby, born in Albany, June 27, 
i860, youngest daughter of Hon. Amos Dean, 
LL.D., and his wife, Eliza Joanna (Davis) 
Dean. She was educated at the Albany Girls' 
Academy; is a member of the Albany Girls' 
Academy Alumnje; Mohawk Chapter, D. A. 



R. ; Albany Country Club, and the Albany In- 
stitute and Historical and Art Society. Chil- 
dren, born in Albany, New York: Jeanne EHz- 
abeth, January 10, 1893; Josephine Dean, June 
7, 1895; Fredericka, June i, 1898. 

The father of Mrs. Frederick W. Cameron 
was the Hon. Amos Dean, LL.D., and no 
one in the city of Albany ever gained a higher 
position of respect and merited popularity than 
he. Amos Dean was born in Barnard, Ver- 
mont, January 16, 1803, died in Albany, New 
York, at his residence, No. 31 Elk street, Jan- 
uary 26, 1868. His father was Nathaniel 
Dean and his mother was Rhoda (Hammond) 
Dean. Like many other prominent lawyers 
and jurists who found prominence in the 
state, Amos Dean acquired his early education 
in the common schools, at which he fitted 
himself with the idea of teaching. He sup- 
ported himself while pursuing his academic 
course preparatory to entering college, and 
went to Union in 1823, from which he was 
graduated in 1826. His uncle, Jabez D. Ham- 
mond, was at this time a distinguished lawyer 
and writer, in partnership with Judge Alfred 
Conkling. It was in their office that he began 
studying law, where he was most diligent and 
enjoyed the nice distinctions and philosophy 
of law as a science. To him the study had 
a fascination, and he was remarkably well 
prepared when admitted in 1829. During the 
early years of his practice he was associated 
with Azor Tabor, then an eminent counsellor. 
He never assumed to attain celebrity as an 
advocate before juries, where, in those days, 
a lawyer usually made his mark in the world 
at large, by publicity, although he possessed 
marked abilities as an orator. His amiability 
of disposition, his natural reserve, his kindly 
nature, his guilelessness and his overflowing 
charity repelled him from the theatre of pro- 
fessional strife and conflict, and he was par- 
ticularly adapted to the duties of the office 
and the counsel room. It was there he dis- 
played fine traits of wisdom, prudence and sa- 
gacity. Having a character of unimpeachable 
integrity, he readily won clients, success and 
fame. 

The great benefit he had obtained by his 
own endeavors to pursue courses of study 
when young, caused him to appreciate the 
necessity for furnishing advantages for others, 
and impelled by this idea he conceived the 
plan of establishing associations for the men- 
tal improvement of young men. On Decem- 
ber 10, 1833, he gathered about him a few of 
his young friends and expounded to them his 
project. No sooner was the matter made 
public than seven hundred and fifty young 
men enrolled, and on December 13 he was 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



541 



elected president of the organization which 
had assumed the title "Young Men's Asso- 
ciation for Mutual Improvement in the City 
of Albany." It was incorporated March 12, 
1835, for the purpose of establishing and 
maintaining a library, reading-room, literary 
and scientific lectures, and other means of pro- 
moting both moral and intellectual improve- 
ment. It continued a debating society many 
years and acquired a collection of paintings. 
From this beginning hundreds of kindred in- 
stitutions have started and have been a bless- 
ing to the country. Mr. Dean was associated 
with Doctors March and Armsby in 1833, in 
establishing the Albany Medical College, 
which later was to be a department of Union 
University. From the day of opening until 
1859 he was its professor of medical juris- 
prudence, and when the law department of the 
University was established, he was appropri- 
ately chosen one of its professors, in which 
sphere his talents shone most brightly. 

He became even better known as an author, 
and in that field wielded a wide influence. He 
took a keen interest in the developing science 
of phrenology, when little had been done in 
that line, delivering a series of lectures which 
were after incorporated in a book and made 
him known as an authority on that interesting 
subject. He was, when young, the author of 
a "Manual of Law," which was of great ser- 
vice to business men ; but he never lived to see 
the publication of his chief literary under- 
taking, "A History of Civilization," which 
consisted of seven large volumes of about six 
hundred pages each, printed by Joel Munsell 
in 1868. His "Philosophy of Human Life" 
was published by Marsh, Capen, Lyon & 
Webb, of Boston, in 1839, and "Dean's Lec- 
tures on Phrenology," by the same house in 

1835- 

He spoke frequently before public gather- 
ings on occasions other than his lectures, de- 
livering the annual address before the Albany 
Institute in 1833, the annual address before 
the Senate of Union College, and a eulogy 
upon the death of Jesse Buel before the State 
Agricultural Society. His industrious re- 
search and native ability were abundant rea- 
son to attract attention to whatever he under- 
took. For his virtues in private life, that emi- 
nent journalist, Thurlow Weed, spoke in 
warmly glowing terms on his demise, saying: 
"herein, if possible, his character was higher 
and nobler than in any other walk of life. To 
the qualities which we have described, he 
united a pleasing address, a quiet demeanor, 
a generosity of sentiment and an absence of 
guile that endeared him strongly to the circle 
of his companionship." 



Amos Dean married, June 15, 1842, Eliza 
Joanna Davis, born at Uxbridge, Massachu- 
setts, September, 1819, died at Bloomfield, 
New Jersey, December 3, 1888. Children, 
born at Albany, New York: i. Amos Ham- 
mond Dean, June 16, 1843 ; rnarried Sarah 
Treadwell, of Albany ; died at Eureka Springs, 
February 12, 1903. 2. James Armsby Dean, 
December 11, 1849, died in infancy. 3. Henry 
Sage Dean, died in infancy. 4. Frederick Au- 
gustus Dean, married Mary C. Lake, of Indi- 
ana, November 12, 1894. 5. Josephine Davis 
Dean, July 14, 1856; married, April 9, 1884, 
Theodore Palmer, of Newark, New Jersey. 6. 
Joanna Armsby Dean, June 27, i860; married, 
at Albany, April 2, 1891, Frederick W. Cam- 
eron. 

(V) Edward Madison, son of Truman 
Daniel and Elizabeth (Flagler) Cameron, was 
born in Albany, New York, October 7, 1864. 
His education was begun in the public schools 
of his native city, and in 1880-83 continued 
at the Albany Boys' Academy. After this 
preparation he entered Union College, where 
he received the degrees of A. B. and C. E. 
in 1887, and the degree of A. M. in 1891. 
Upon leaving college he became associated 
with his father in the lumber business in Al- 
bany, which connection continued from 1887 
until 1890, when he succeeded to the business 
and formed a partnership with Orra G. Hawn 
the following year. His business led him to 
take an interest in the manufacture of lumber 
and iron, and he likewise accomplished consid- 
erable in real estate. He is a Democrat in 
politics, but has never sought or occupied an 
office. He attends the Presbyterian church, 
and is a member of the Union College Alumni 
Association and of the Albany Academy 
Alumni Association, the Delta Phi fraternity, 
the Engineering Society of Eastern New 
York, and the Society of the Second War 
with Great Britain ; also is a member of the 
Sigma Xi Society and of Masters Lodge, F. 
and A. M. Mr. Cameron married, at Albany, 
September 14, 1891, Ella, daughter of Wil- 
liam K. and Susan Maria (Townsend) Sloan. 
Children : Dorothy Bissell, born May 14, 
1893, died May 14, 1893 ; Truman David, born 
January 27, 1896; Edward Madison, born 
November 3, 1897; Sloan, born December 12, 
1899, died December 19, 1899; Charles Bis- 
sell, born October 4, 1901 ; Douglas Sloan, 
born January 2, 1909. All the children were 
born in Albany, New York. 



The family name of Wil- 
WILLIAMS Hams is derived from the 
Belgic "Guild-helm," mean- 
ing harnessed with gilded helmet ; or, as oth- 



542 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



€rs say, from Welhelm, the shield or defense 
of many. The WilHams Arms: Shield sable, 
lion rampant argent, armed, and langued 
gules. Crest: Cock (or moor-cock) natural. 
Motto : Cognosce occasionem. The family 
tradition has it that the progenitor of the 
family in America was a relative of Oliver 
Cromwell, and he changed his name to Wil- 
liams, emigrating to this country about the 
time of the English revolution. At any rate, 
the place which he settled was called Crom- 
well, and later Upper Middletown, in Con- 
necticut, from which line of the several set- 
tling in various New England states this one 
descends. 

(I) Thomas Williams was born in England, 
and settled in Wethersfield, Connecticut, be- 
tween 1645 ^nd 1656. He had a wife named 
Rebeckah, whom he married before the latter 
date. They had a son Jacob. 

(H) Jacob, son of Thomas and Rebeckah 
Williams, was born in Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, March 7, 1664, died September 26, 1712. 
He married, December 10, 1685, Sarah, born 
December i, 1661, daughter of Josiah Gilbert. 
They had a son David. 

(HI) David, son of Jacob and Sarah (Gil- 
bert) Williams, was born in Wethersfield, 
Connecticut, April 7, 1699, and about 1730 
took to himself a wife whose Christian name 
was Mehitabel. They had a son named Jehiel, 
of whom further. 

(IV) Jehiel, son of David and Mehitabel 
Williams, was born in Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, February 16, 1733, died June 13, 1810. 
He married Anne, born in 1735, died Novem- 
ber 20, 1810, daughter of David Edwards, 
January 6, 1756. They had a son named 
Josiah. 

(V) Josiah, son of Jehiel and Anne (Ed- 
wards) Williams, was born in Upper Middle- 
town, Connecticut, September 15, 1768, died 
October 14, 1842. He married, September 9, 

1795, Charity, ijorn July 24, 1775, died June 
14, 1865, daughter of Timothy Shailer, of 
Haddam, Connecticut. Children: i. Sarah, 
Ijorn in Middletown, Connecticut, July 16, 

1796, married Charles Sage; died March 30, 
1872. 2. Timothy Shailer, born April 15, 
1800; a New York state senator; died March 
II, 1849, in Ithaca, New York. 3. Elizabeth, 
born June 5, 1803; married Edmund Sage; 
died ]\Iarch 27, 1828, in Cromwell, Connecti- 
cut. 4. Josiah, born November 20, 1806, died 
February 21, 1808, in Cromwell, Connecti- 
cut. 5. Manwell Russell, born November 27, 
1808. died April 15, 1840, in Ithaca. 6. Jo- 
siah Butler, born December 16, 1810. died Sep- 
tember 26, 1883, in Ithaca. 7. Jehiel Edwards, 
born August 14, 1814, died July 26, 1867, in 



Ellsworth, Kansas. 8. Chauncey Pratt, see 
forward. 

(VT) Chauncey Pratt, son of Josiah and 
Charity (Shailer) Williams, was born at Up- 
per Middletown (Cromwell), Connecticut, 
March 5, 1817, died May 30, 1894, at Jersey- 
field Lake, Hamilton county. New York. Mr. 
Williams spent the last sixty-nine years of his 
life in Albany and became through his own 
activities identified with every progressive 
public movement in that city. He was proud 
of the rugged character of his ancestor immi- 
grant from whom, he declared, had sprung a 
race of hardy, industrious farmers of the rev- 
olutionary period, reflecting advantageously in 
himself. That they were of robust constitu- 
tions and lived longer than the average life 
is evidenced by the fact that the combined 
lives of the first five generations in America 
covered a period of nearly two and a half cen- 
turies. Although none had become very 
wealthy, by their industry and frugality they 
were able to live well and none of them knew 
vi'ant. It is known that they were greatly re- 
spected as business men of integrity. There 
are no records which do not reflect credit upon 
the successive generations. Invariably the 
earlier branches of this family reared large 
families, and their children were always well 
trained. 

When Mr. Williams was but sixteen years 
old he had made such excellent use of the 
advantages within his reach that he was fitted 
to take a clerkship in the employ of T. S. 
Williams & Brothers, who were carrying on 
an extensive commercial business in Ithaca. 
He was transferred to the Albany branch of 
this firm in 1835, where they conducted a 
large lumber business in Albany's famous 
"Lumber District," when it was in its greatest 
business glory, and four years later succeeded 
to the business with Henry W. Sage as a 
partner. 

It was in banking circles that Mr. Williams 
made his life record and achieved a standing 
as the nestor of Albany bankers. He took 
charge of the Albany Exchange Bank in 1861, 
when the outlook was disastrous in financial 
circles, the capital of the institution largely 
impaired and the duty of upbuilding looked 
insurmountable. Instead of continuing to dis- 
solution, 'as was contemplated, he extricated 
the bank and placed it in the front rank. He 
succeeded in making it a loan agent of the 
United States treasury, and throughout the 
war made his bank a center of distribution for 
the government loans issued to carry on gi- 
gantic military operations necessary to save 
the country. In fact, his bank was regarded 
as a rallying point of cheer in the darkest 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



543 



hours of the Republic. He practised the prin- 
ciples of sound finance so successfully, that 
when in 1865 the bank terminated its exis- 
tence as a state institution to reorganize under 
the national banking law, it returned not alone 
all its capital, but upwards of 54 per cent, in 
surplus earnings, besides paying its regular 
dividends from the beginning of 1863. Under 
his wise management, it has repaid to its 
stockholders in dividends more than one and 
a half times the amount of its capital beyond 
accumulating a reserve amounting to about 
75 per cent, of the capital. As the president 
of this bank his reputation became so widely 
known that he was frequently called upon to 
address gatherings and his advice on large 
matters was often sought. He withdrew from 
this institution in 1887; but continued as pres- 
ident of the Albany Exchange Savings Bank 
up to the time of his death. 

Mr. Williams exerted his great influence 
against the greenback theory of an unlimited 
paper issue which threatened to demoralize 
the currency and degrade the country's credit, 
speaking on the platform and through the 
medium of his pen, so that his influence was 
widely spread to good effect. He gained a 
reputation by his successful resistance of the 
illegal taxation of the shareholders of national 
banks, believing that they were taxed at a 
greater rate than other monied capital in the 
hands of citizens. Not desiring to involve his 
bank in this matter, he took up the fight in- 
dividually, and bringing the issue to a test in 
1874, by refusing to pay the ta.x on the shares 
which he owned, so that his household effects 
were levied upon and sold by the authorities ; 
but at the end of seven years of litigation the 
United States supreme court sustained his 
position. 

He was a strong opponent of slavery, and 
as the treasurer of the Kansas Aid Society 
founded in Albany in 1854, sent out to Kan- 
sas one of the first invoices of Sharpe's rifles 
with which to arm settlers. Although exempt 
by age, he sent a substitute who fought in 
the civil war. He had also a political career, 
broadly interested as he was in affairs of his 
city, and was elected alderman in 1849. From 
1842 to 1857 he was repeatedly the candidate 
of the Liberal party for congress. He was a 
founder of the Congregational church of Al- 
bany, and every good cause found in him a 
staunch friend. One of the reasons for the 
success attained by Mr. Williams was his won- 
derful thoroughness and his determination to 
stand by his principles. He had a fine con- 
stitution which enabled him to accomplish a 
great amount of work without tiring. His 
love for study as a means of gathering more 



knowledge kept him ever young and con- 
cerned in public mercantile affairs. 

Chauncey Pratt Williams married at 
Whitesboro, New York, September 13, 1842, 
Martha Andrews, born in Bristol, Connecti- 
cut, daughter of Reuben and Ruth (Parmelee) 
Hough, who was living in 1910. Children: i. 
Alice, born November 3, 1843; married (first) 
James B. Kelley, and some time after his 
decease. Colonel Timothy Shaler Williams, of 
New York city, later Huntington, Long Is- 
land. 2. Ruth Hough, born May 15, 1845, 
died at Albany, unmarried, March 13, 1877. 
3. Frederick Stanley, born October 11, 1847, 
died September 9, 1870. 4.' Anna Martha, 
born May 7, 1853; married Robert C. Pruyn, 
of Albany. 5. Chauncey Pratt, see forward. 

(VH) Colonel Chauncey Pratt (2), son of 
Chauncey Pratt (i) and Martha Andrews 
(Hough) Williams, was born in Albany, De- 
cember 6, i860. He was educated at the Al- 
bany Academy, from which he was graduated 
in 1879. He then went to Yale, attending the 
Sheffield scientific department, graduating in 
1882 with the degree of Ph. B. He took the 
course in the Albany Law School of Union 
University, and on graduating in 1883 re- 
ceived the degree of LL. B. Thereupon he 
entered the employ of the National Exchange 
Bank, where he remained until 1890, when he 
resigned to become the secretary of the Albany 
Horsenail Company upon its formation in 
1891, which on account of failure of newly 
invented machinery never put its product on 
the market. He was appointed financial clerk 
in the state department of excise in 1896, and 
in 1899 Governor Roosevelt appointed him 
assistant adjutant-general of the state, with 
grade of colonel, which position he filled for 
over ten years, its duties occupying all his 
time. His military career commenced in 1884, 
when he joined the Tenth Battalion, National 
Guard, New York, as a private. He served 
in the National Guard in both line and staff, 
rising through the various grades until he 
became colonel. On September 8, 1909, upon 
the recommendation of Major General Roe, 
commanding the Division, National Guard, he 
was commissioned adjutant-general of the Di- 
vision, National Guard, of the grade of lieu- 
tenant-colonel and placed in charge of the Di- 
vision headquarters office in Albany. On No- 
vember 12, 1909, he was brevetted brigadier- 
general by Governor Hughes. For a number 
of years he was military instructor of the Al- 
bany Academy Cadet Battalion. He is a mem- 
ber of the Founders and Patriots of America, 
of the Philip Livingston Chapter of the Sons 
of the Revolution, University and Country 
clubs. He married, March 9, 1886, Emma, 



544 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



born June 6, 1863, daughter of Archibald Mc- 
Clure, a prominent and wealthy wholesale 
druggist of Albany, and Elizabeth (Strong) 
McClure. Children, born in Albany: i. Eliz- 
abeth McClure, August i, 1890. 2. Alice, 
April II, 1892. 3. Chauncey Pratt, November 

9, 1902. 

The mother of Colonel Qiauncey P. Wil- 
liams was Martha Andrews Hough, whose an- 
cestry follows : 

(I) Edward Hough, of Westchester, in 
Cheshire, England, was a kinsman of Dr. 
John Hough, bishop of Oxford and president 
of Magdalen College, celebrated for his oppo- 
sition to the arbitrary proceedings of King 
James U., to establish the Romish propa- 
ganda at Oxford. He had a son named Wil- 
liam. 

(H) William, son of Edward Hough, of 
Westchester, England, was born in 1619, came 
to America in 1640, and settled in Gloucester, 
Massachusetts. He was a selectman of that 
place, 1649-50. In March, 165 1, he removed 
to New London with Richard Blinman's com- 
pany. It is shown in the Rev. Simon Brad- 
street's Journal (New London, Ct.) that he 
was a deacon and a "solid man," and died of 
a malignant fever, from which a great num- 
ber in that colony suffered at the time. His 
death, August 10, 1683, is recorded as a griev- 
ous loss to both the church and town. He 
married, October 28, 1645, Sarah, daughter 
of Hugh Caulkins, of New London, Connecti- 
cut. They had a son Samuel. 

(III) Samuel, son of William and Sarah 
(Caulkins) Hough, was born in Saybrook, 
March 9, 1653 : resided in Wallingford, Con- 
necticut, and died November 30, 1702. He 
married, August (April ?) iS, 1685, Mary 
Bates (second wife), baptised March 11, 1666, 
daughter of James Bates, of Haddam, Con- 
necticut. They had a son James. 

(IV) James, son of Samuel and Mary 
(Bates) Hough, was born in Saybrook, Con- 
necticut, December 15, 1688, died October 20, 
1740. He married, about 171 1, Hannah 

, who died March 4, 1718. They had 

a son Phineas. 

(V) Phineas, son of James and Hannah 
Hough, was born April 11, 1714, died Septem- 
ber 2, 1797. He married, January 5, 1737, 
Hannah Austen. They had a son James. 

(VI) James (2), son of Phineas and Han- 
nah (Austen) Hough, was born July 31, 1743, 
resided in Meriden, Connecticut, died Septem- 
ber 14, 1794. He married, in 1782, Martha 
Andrews ^(his third wife), who died April 

10, 1811.' They had a son Reuben. 

(VII) Reuben, son of James (2) and 
Martha (Andrews) Hough, was born June 6, 



1787, lived in Meriden, Connecticut, died in 
Whitesboro, Oneida county, New York, July 
9, 1850. He married, January i, 1812, Ruth 
Parmelee, born in Bristol, Connecticut, Jan- 
uary 15, 1788, died in Albany, New York, 
December 22, 1859. They had a daughter 
Martha Andrews. 

(VIII) Martha Andrews, daughter of Reu- 
ben and Ruth (Parmelee) Hough, was born 
in Bristol, Connecticut, February 25, 1824. 
She married, September 13, 1842, Chauncey 
Pratt Williams, of Albany, New York. They 
had a son, Colonel Chauncey P. Williams, 
who married Emma McQure, as previously 
stated. 



The family name of Farrell, 

FARRELL like the name Farrar, is traced 

to two derivations, and may 

be from "Pfarrer," in German, a minister, or 

it is considered a corruption of farrier, the 

name of a trade. 

(I) James Farrell was the first of this 
family line to come to America from Ireland, 
stopping first in New York City, and then re- 
moving to Albany, New York, where he set- 
tled on a farm of some size in the rich country 
land of Bethlehem township, Albany county. 
It was a few miles below the Capital City, and 
on the west bank of the Hudson river. He 
married Winifred McGoewey, and they had 
four children. The only son was John Henry, 
see forward. 

(II) John Henry, son of James and Wini- 
fred (AIcGoewey) Farrell, was born on the 
Abbey farm on the west bank 'of the Hudson, 
just south of the city of Albany, in Bethle- 
hem township, September i, 1839. He re- 
ceived his education in a private school, and 
later went to St. Charles' College, Baltimore, 
Maryland. He was hardly more than a lad, 
however, when he commenced his association 
with newspapers, which career was to be so 
wonderfully successful, even if the result were 
the outcome of much worriment and requiring 
great acumen when embarking for himself. 
In 1855 lis entered the employ of the late 
Luther Tucker, who was both proprietor and 
editor of The Cultivator and Country Gen- 
tleman, remaining associated with that publi- 
cation for fifteen years. During this period 
he frequently contributed to the columns of 
The Argus. Express and the Albany Evening 
Journal, and also at the same time editing the 
telegraphic matter coming from the front, for 
in 1863 he had accepted the appointment of 
editor of telegraph for the Associated Press, 
which supplied reports to all the Albany pa- 
pers. Throughout the civil war he found this 
work much to his liking, and it incidentally 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



545 



broadened his mind. On January i, 1870, he 
became city editor of The Argus, succeeding 
Hon. Daniel Shaw. About this time he con- 
sidered forming the Sunday Press in conjunc- 
tion with the pubHcation of The Knicker- 
bocker. On May i, 1870, the first issue of the 
Sunday Press appeared, pubHshed by Myron 
H. Rooker, James Macfarlane, E. H. Gregory, 
John T. Maguire and James H. Mulhgan, 
who were severally city editors of local dailies ; 
tut in September the last three sold their in- 
terests to Mr. Farrell. On June i, 1871, he 
retired from The Argus to devote himself to 
the Sunday Press, and to secure the freedom 
to publish a daily in connection therewith. 
When Messrs. Farrell, Rooker and Macfar- 
lane failed to secure The Knickerbocker, they 
organized the Daily Press, and its first issue 
appeared February 26, 1877. Mr. Farrell, 
however, was able on August 11, 1877, to 
purchase The Knickerbocker and consolidated 
it with the Daily Press. In March, 1891, 
after twenty-one years of partnership, Mr. 
Farrell sold his half interest in the papers to 
his partners for $50,000, and he forthwith pur- 
chased the Ez'ening Union, as also, that same 
summer, The Evening Times, and the Albany 
Daily Sun, combining all three under the title 
The Times-Union, perceiving a great oppor- 
tunity and field for a penny evening newspa- 
per which could present the best news in more 
attractive style than before, dealing with in- 
terests of all classes impartially, and conduct- 
ed on independent lines in politics. His plant 
at the starting was on the south side of Beaver 
street, about midway between Broadway and 
Green street; but the quarters were exceed- 
ingly cramped even for a paper beginning its 
career, and leaving no room for expansion. 
His paper commenced growing in popularity 
from the very first, for unquestionably he pub- 
lished the most satisfactory newspaper in the 
city and section, and shortly he acquired the 
property at the southwest corner of Green 
and Beaver streets, formerly used by the Al- 
bany Morning E.vpress, at that time secured 
by the Albany Ez'cning Journal and once oc- 
cupied as lodge rooms. 

Mr. Farreli's ability as an editor who per- 
ceived what the public wanted and understood 
just how to present it in most modern, attrac- 
tive dress without lowering the standard, was 
only surpassed as a proprietor who could so 
plan his campaign in all its details so as to 
bring as well as merit success, was indicated 
more and more as each j'ear passed, by its 
rapidly increasing circulation. His success was 
all acquired, not given to him by inheritance, 
by dint of close, persistent application to prac- 
tical principles which he was capable of evolv- 



ing. He was known to give as much attention 
to all the details, whether a matter concerning 
the press or engine room, with the composi- 
tors, or affecting the editing of news, taking 
a hand in the work of almost every depart- 
ment daily. Thus he knew his tools, which 
were his men, most thoroughly, which was ac- 
complishing its full intent. For twenty years 
his name appeared in the legislative red book 
as the senate reporter for the New York As- 
sociated Press, back in the days of the Old 
Capitol (removed in 1883), and during all 
that period he never missed doing his duty, 
except when sickness prevented attendance. 

He was one of the founders of the United 
Press, and for many years its vice-president. 
During its first year of existence he and Mr. 
Jenkins, of Syracuse Herald, managed its af- 
fairs. He was elected president of the New 
York State Press Association at its annual 
convention held at Lake George in 1895, by 
the unanimous vote of over three hundred 
editors. He was a Democrat, ever anxious 
to see his party win, and both his support and 
counsel were matters much to be desired. 
Mayor Swinburne appointed him a park com- 
missioner, at the time when its affairs were 
controlled by a board of citizens instead of by 
a city department. In financial circles he was 
an active associate on a number of boards, as 
director of the Albany City National Bank, 
vice-president of the Home Savings Bank and 
director of the Commerce Insurance Company. 
He was a trustee of St. Agnes' Cemetery As- 
sociation, and invaluable as such, taking the 
work of its larger affairs upon his shoulders 
and bringing about an increase in its size, 
value and beauty. As a trustee of the Albany 
Hospital for Incurables he rendered service 
never to be forgotten, and served also as trus- 
tee of the Cathedral of the Immaculate Con- 
ception. He was a charter member of the 
Fort Orange Club, and a life member of the 
Catholic Summer School at Cliff Haven, on 
the shore of Lal<e Champlain, an institution 
whose interests he advanced materially on its 
inauguration. He was a trustee of St. \'in- 
cent's Orphan Asylum of Albany and of the 
Mohawk & Hudson River Humane Society, 
and member of the Chamber of Commerce, the 
Albany Institute and of the Eastern New York 
Fish and Game Protective Association. St. 
John's College, Fordham, conferred on him 
the degree of A. M., in 1891. 

He was a man of unbounded energy, re- 
sourceful and progressive in spirit. No man 
was more companionable, and persons found 
him ready to discuss topics of the day with 
rare perspicuity and acumen, especially as 
concerned great policies. He was kind to a 



546 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



fault in others who were weak, zealous in 
safeguarding interests committed to his care. 
As he was beloved and held as an idol by his 
immediate family, it is little wonder that oth- 
ers spoke well of him. His acts of charity 
were conducted unostentatiously, with fre- 
quency and humane kindliness, by a hand 
which never seemed closed to the worthy in 
distress. It is a fact to be recalled by those 
who knew him best, that he frequently made 
it a point in his daily life to seek ways in 
which to bring joy to those in need of cheer, 
regardless of whether such appealed or not, 
and in this way he is remembered by many of 
the hundreds who worked under him. His 
success was abundant, and due to consistency 
of method and steadfastness of purpose which 
he ever kept in view. If he was ever guilty 
of the natural indiscretion of losing his tem- 
per or being ruffled by unpleasant contact with 
anyone, he concealed the fact with a self-con- 
trol which never prevented him from continu- 
ing the work in hand under low pressure and 
avoiding all hindrance by friction. Naturally 
warm-hearted and polished in his manner, his 
suavity and kindly word counted much in 
preserving each acquaintance as a friend. 

About a month before his death, a sudden 
and not entirely unexpected sickness occurring 
at his office obliged him to abandon attending 
to business at his establishment, and alarmed 
by the serious nature of his illness, for several 
weeks his family had the best physicians con- 
stantly in attendance ; but on the evening of 
February 2, 1901, the long and fruitful life 
was ended. He was buried from his residence, 
No. 598 Madison avenue, with a public serv- 
ice held in the Cathedral of the Immaculate 
Conception, and laid to rest in St. Agnes' 
Cemetery. 

John Henry Farrell married Mary Veron- 
ica Gibbons, at Fordham, New York, June 3, 
1869. She was born in New York City, No- 
vember 10, 1840. Her father was John Gib- 
bons, born in Ireland, a prominent contractor 
in New York City, concerned in the erection 
of the old reservoir on Forty-second street 
and Fifth avenue, and died in that city. Her 
mother was Mary McLoughlin, born in Ire- 
land, died at Fordham, New York. They 
were married in Ireland. Children born in 
Albany: i. James Charles, March 24, 1870, 
see forward. 2. John Francis, October 30, 
1871 ; married, New York City, June 29, 1898, 
Kate Engel. 3. Mary Veronica, October 10, 
1873; entered the holy order of Sisters of 
Charity, Mount St. Vincent, in September, 
1898, under the name of Sister iMary Chrys- 
ostom. 4. Joseph Augustan, November 10. 
1875; entered the holy order of Society of 



Jesus, in September, 1902. 5. Winifred' 
Agnes, January 9, 1878; married, Albany, July 
3, 1901, Lieutenant William Nafew Haskell. 
6. Regina Mary, March 6, 1881 ; residing at 
No. (X) Willett street, Albany, New York, in 
1910. 7. Eleanor Mary Teresa, October 15,. 
1883; residing at No. 60 Willett street, Al- 
bany, in 1 910. 

(Ill) James Charles, son of John Henry 
and Mary Veronica (Gibbons) Farrell, was 
born in Albany, New York, March 24, 1870. 
His early studies were pursued at both the 
Albany Boys" Academy and the Christian 
Brothers' Academy in Albany, and later at St. 
John's College, Fordham, New York. After 
the completion of his education he took up 
the newspaper business, commencing with the 
old Press and Knickerbocker, because of his 
father's heavy interests as publishing proprie- 
tor, and when his father assumed control of 
the Albany Ei'ening Union he went with him, 
continuing in the same line and displaying 
great alertness in his interesting rivalry with 
his confreres connected with opposition news- 
papers. When the paper was consolidated as 
The Times-Union, he was made its business 
manager, and in a broader field of effort was 
indefatigable in advancing its circulation. In 
1896 he accepted the management of The Al- 
bany Argus Company. He reorganized the 
entire plant and made this paper a power for 
the Democratic party. In whatever field he 
applied himself, it was always with earnest- 
ness for that enterprise with which he asso- 
ciated. At the end of three years he relin- 
quished active newspaper work, and to better 
his health made an extended European trip, 
in company with James H. Leake, treasurer 
of Tile Times-Union. On his return he ac- 
cepted the position of treasurer of the Helder- 
berg Cement Company, with office in Albany 
and the works operated on a large scale at 
Howe's Cave, Schoharie county. New York ; 
but still retaining his place on the directorate 
of The Argus Company. At various times he 
has been officially connected with insurance- 
companies and financial institutions, and one 
of the board of managers of the Albany Hos- 
pital for Incurables. He belongs to the Fort 
Orange, the Albany, and the Country clubs, 
and is a member of the Albany Institute and 
Historical and Art Society. He has always 
been a staunch Democrat, and belongs to the 
National Democratic Club. He is fond of 
outdoor athletics. His home is on Thurlow 
Terrace, overlooking Washington Park, in Al- 
bany. Mr. Farrell married, in Albany, April' 
5, 1893, Margaret Ruth Brady, born in Al- 
bany, New York, October 30, 1872, daughter 
of Anthony N. Brady, of New York City andi 



HUDSON AND AIOHAWK VALLEYS 



54; 



Albany, who was born in Lille, France, Au- 
gust 22, 1843, ^""i Marcia Anne (Myers) 
Brady, born in Bennington, Vermont, July 10, 
1849. Mr. and Mrs. A. N. Brady were mar- 
ried in Bennington, Vermont, July 22, 1869. 
Children : Anthony Nicholas Brady, born at 
No. 60 Willett street, Albany, New York, 
April 4, 1900; Marcia Anne Brady, born at 
the same place, November 11, 1902. 

The McLeod family of Troy, 
McLEOD New York, descend from a 

Scotch ancestor born on the Isle 
of Skye. His family belonged to the Harris 
branch of the clan McLeod, seated at Dun- 
vegan, Isle of Skye, Scotland. The clan was 
divided there into the Harris and Lewis clans. 

(I) Murdock McLeod, born 1753, came to 
America during the revolutionary war and 
settled in North Carolina. He was then 
about twenty years of age. He served in the 
British army as corporal in Lieutenant Ham- 
ilton's company, and served five years, until 
1783. After the war was over he removed to 
New York state and settled on a farm in the 
town of Galway, Saratoga county, where he 
resided many years. After his son Hubert 
became established in business in Phelps, New 
York, he removed to that town, where he died 
March 11, 1843, aged ninety years. He mar- 
ried, in New York City, 1793, Catherine An- 
derson, and had issue. He and his wife were 
rigid Scotch Presbyterians, and reared their 
children in the strict tenets of that faith. 

(II) Hubert, son of Murdock and Cather- 
ine (Anderson) McLeod, was born in the 
town of Broadalbin, Fulton county. New 
York, February, 1809, died at Phelps, New 
York, February 22, 1861. He removed to 
Phelps about the year 1825, and became the 
leading merchant of that town. He was ac- 
tively engaged in politics and used his fnc^gy 
and ability in furthering the public good. He 
attained a high position in his town and was 
regarded as a man of honor and reliability. 
He was a Presbyterian of the most rigid type, 
but a most kind hearted and benevolent gen- 
tleman. He married Experience Oaks Dickin- 
son (see Dickinson), born at Phelps, Novem- 
ber 27, 1807, died there June 8, 1880, daugh- 
ter of Augustus and Submit Dickinson. Chil- 
dren of Hubert and Experience Oaks (Dick- 
inson) McLeod: i. Augustus Dickinson; 
(see forward). 2. Richard, born April 2, 1833, 
died May 21, 1836. 3. Charles A., August 5, 
1835, (see forward). 4. George H., March 11, 
1838, died April 26, 185 1. 5. Richard M., 
August 23, 1840, died November 23, i860. 6. 
Harvey Smith, (see forward). 7. Loa, March 
19, 1846, died June 18, 1873 ; married, 1872, 



Charles Norton, and removed to the west. 8. 
Edwin R., November 25, 1848, died December 
6, 1869. 9. Anna Lee, December 17, 1857, died 
August 23, 1864. 

(HI) Charles Anderson, son of Hubert 
and Experience Oaks (Dickinson) McLeod, 
was born in Phelps, Ontario county, New 
York, August 5, 1835, died at Troy, New 
York, September 19, 1898. He received his 
education in the public schools, and at the age 
of twenty years located in Troy. He became 
prominent in the business affairs of that city, 
and particularly well known as a manufacturer 
of stoves, then a leading Troy industry. He 
was a member of the Bussey-McLeod Stove 
Company, of Troy, and president of the Chi- 
cago Stove Works, with large foundries and 
plants at Troy, and Chicago, Illinois. For 
many years he was president of the Stove 
Manufacturers' Association of the United 
States, continuing in this most important and 
responsible position until his death. He was 
a man of great executive ability, and the con- 
cerns over which he presided were well con- 
ducted and prosperous. He held a director- 
ship in the Troy Savings and City national 
banks, besides being officially connected with 
the Rob Roy Hosiery Company. His large 
business interests did not prevent his being 
interested in church work and philanthropy. 
He was a member of the first board of direc- 
tors of the Y. M. C. A., and was always a 
warm friend of the association. He was a 
member of St. John's Episcopal Church, for 
twenty-eight years was a vestryman, and at 
the time of his death was official representa- 
tive of the parish in church councils. His 
clubs were the Ionic and Troy. He was an 
active, earnest Republican in politics, but 
would never accept public office for himself. 
He married (first), November 10, 1865, at 
Newark, New Jersey, Harriet Grace, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Elisha and Eliza (Thompson) 
Rockwood. Dr. Rockwood was born in Brad- 
bury, Vermont, died at Saratoga Springs, 
New York. He prepared for the practice of 
medicine at Middlebury (\'ermont) Medical 
College, and settled in Newark, New Jersey, 
where he became a leading practitioner. He 
led a retired life for many years preceding his 
death. He married Eliza Thompson (not re- 
lated to the Troy family), born at Poultney, 
Vermont, daughter of Judge Thompson of 
that town. Child : Grace, born May 26, 1870, 
educated at Mrs. Porter's school. Farmington, 
Connecticut, married Hobart Warren Thomp- 
son. (See Thompson.) Charles Anderson 
McLeod married (second) Mary, daughter 
of Norman B. Squires. Children : Norman, 
born 1883, died 1885; Anderson, born 1888. 



548 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



(HI) Harvey Smith, sixth child of Hubert 
and Experience Oaks (Dickinson) McLeod, 
was born March 31, 1843. He was educated 
in the public schools, and on arriving at man's 
estate engaged in the hardware business at 
Phelps, New York, continuing for about eight- 
een months. The civil war, then raging, 
claimed him, and August 15, 1862, he enlisted 
in Company C, 148th New York Volunteer 
Infantry, and was promoted second lieutenant 
of Company E, same regiment, November, 
1863. His regimnet was one of the hard 
fought ones, participating in twenty-six en- 
gagements. He was honorably discharged in 
1864 on account of ill health, and did not re- 
cover from this breakdown until many years 
later. He spent a year at New Orleans, 
Louisiana, in the government commissary de- 
partment, and in 1866 located in Troy, where 
for sixteen years he was engaged in the retail 
stove and cornice business. In 1882 he pur- 
chased the interests of Bacon & Henry, fire- 
brick manufacturers of Troy (established 
1825). and in association with ]Mr. Henry, of 
the old firm, continued the making of firebrick 
until 1887. In that year the firm was incor- 
porated as the McLeod & Henry Company, 
with Mr. McLeod as president and treasurer. 
The business of the company includes the man- 
ufacture of all kinds of steam boiler equip- 
ment, and is large and prosperous. He is a 
most active, energetic business man and has 
many outside interests. He is a director of 
the City National Bank, trustee Troy Savings 
Bank, director Queens Run Fire Brick Com- 
pany, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, director 
Gleasenton Fire Brick Company, of Gleasen- 
ton, Pennsylvania, and vice-president of the 
Park Villa Realty Company, Troy, New York. 
He has not given his life to the pursuit of 
money getting, but has devoted much of his 
time to enterprises purely philanthropic and 
educational. For many years he has been 
president of the board of trustees of the 
Y. M. C. A., and for twenty years has been 
actively interested and useful in the work of 
the Mohawk and Hudson Humane Society, 
which he now serves as vice-president. He is 
a trustee of the Emma Willard school, and 
vice-president of the Troy Boys' Club. Per- 
haps in the latter institution his deepest inter- 
est lies. The club is an incorporated body 
whose object is the "maintenance of a club 
for the benefit, assistance and improvement of 
indigent and homeless boys." It is supported 
by voluntary contributions and gives "indus- 
trial, mental, physical, social and business 
training" to boys between ages of eight and 
fourteen years. Mr. McLeod has written 
many pamphlets and leaflets in the interest of 



the boys' club, besides giving generous finan- 
cial assistance. He is a member of the Sec- 
ond Presbyterian Church of Troy, and has 
for several years been an elder of the same. 
He is active in church work, and served the 
Men's Brotherhood Association as president. 
For the past fifty years he has systematically 
given one-tenth of his income from all sources 
to all forms of charitable work, public and 
private, keeping an accurate account in a spe- 
cially prepared book. This practice he kept 
up when in the army on his soldier's wages of 
thirteen dollars per month. His record books, 
carefully kept since 1865, form a small library 
in themselves. His example has been followed 
by about five hundred persons of whom he has 
personal knowledge, devoting one-tenth of 
their income to good works in his systematic 
way. The pledge written in his account books 
reveals the true spirit of the man and is most 
beautiful in expression : "Knowing as I do that 
my ability to labor and get reward therefor is 
a gift from God, and believing that I should 
show my appreciation of this fact, I have de- 
cided to set aside at least one-tenth of my in- 
come to be used to aid those not as fortunate 
as myself, and to spread at home and abroad 
the wonderful story of Christ's mission to our 
world, and to tell the glad story that He can 
now be retained as advocate by those who may 
desire him to plead their cause at His Father's 
Throne, when they are called to give an ac- 
count of their life work. I have this book 
that I may keep a strict account of this trust 
fund." Systematic giving is particularly dear 
to his heart, and he has written and lectured 
frequently before audiences on this subject. 
He is a remarkably quiet and unostentatious 
gentleman, rarely seen at church or society 
conventions, but many a lad has received an 
education from his "trust fund" or been given 
a business start from the same source. This 
is practical Christianity, and is given notice 
here to show one man's method of expressing 
his gratitude for the "ability to labor and re- 
ceive reward therefrom," and perhaps help 
some one else to decide upon a similar plan. 
He is a Republican in politics, and strongly 
in favor of a purely business administration 
of public afifairs, national, state and civic. He 
is a member of the Loyal Legion (military 
order), and is past commander of Griswold 
Post, Grand Army Republic. His social club 
is the Troy. He married, January 18, 1872, 
Mary C, died April 26, 1891, daughter of 
Franklin and Mary (Goldsmith) Field. (See 
Field VII.) Children: i. Mary Virginia, edu- 
cated at Miss Master's school, Dobb's Ferry, 
New York; married, July 19, 1905, George 
Albert Soper, of New York City, a graduate 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLFA'S 



549 



■of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, class of 
1905, C. E., Columbia University A. B. and 
Ph. D. He is sanitary engineer and chairman 
of the sewage commission of New York City. 
Children: George Albert, born January, 1898; 
Harvey McLeod, July 9, 1903. 2. Ruth Field, 
educated at Miss Master's school, Dobb's 
Ferry, New York ; married, June, 1906, 
Charles N. Morgan, of New Rochelle, New 
York, graduate Rensselaer Polytechnic, class 
of 1906, C. E. ; now secretary of McLeod & 
Henry Company, Troy. 



(HI ) Augustus Dickinson, eld- 
McLEOD est child of Hubert (q. v.) and 
Experience Oaks (Dickinson) 
McLeod, was born at Phelps, Ontario county, 
New York, April 5, 1831. He is vice-presi- 
dent of the McLeod & Henry Company, of 
Troy, but is now living practically retired at 
the old ]\IcLeod homestead at Phelps, New 
York. He has been a most capable and ener- 
getic business man. He is and has been for 
a great many years an active, prominent and 
useful member of the Episcopal church, his 
present membership being with St. John's 
Church at Phelps. He is treasurer of the dio- 
cese of western New York, deputy to the gen- 
eral convention, delegate to the diocesan con- 
ventions, and for the past fifteen years senior 
warden of St. John's Church. His services as 
a churchman have been efficient and continu- 
ous. He is highly regarded in all circles, and 
his long life has been one of useful etifort. 
He is a Democrat in politics, but has never 
taken an active part beyond expressing his 
convictions and preferences at the ballot box. 
He married, at Phelps, October 19, 1865, 
Mary Frances, daughter of Cooper and Eliza- 
beth (Kirtland) Say re. Children: Sayre, see 
forward; Annie, born February 5, 1869, mar- 
ried Dr. F. H. Rasbach, now a practicing phy- 
sician located at 172 Allen street, Bufifalo, New 
York. 

(IV) Sayre, only son of Augustus Dickin- 
son and Mary Frances (Sayre) McLeod, was 
born in Phelps, Ontario county. New York, 
September 25, 1866. He was educated at St. 
John's Military School, Manlius, New York, 
where he prepared for admission to Harvard 
University, and was graduated from the latter 
institution A. B., class of 1890. Having de- 
cided upon the profession of law, he entered 
the law department of Union University (Al- 
bany Law School), where he was graduated 
LL.B., class of 1898. He was admitted to 
the New York bar the same year, and at once 
began the practice of his profession in Troy. 
He makes a specialty of the law of corpora- 
tions, and practices alone, devoting himself ex- 



clusively to that class of legal work, having 
as clients the McLeod & Henry Company, the 
United National Bank, and several of the large 
corporations of Troy. His outside business 
affiliations are : director and trustee of Mon- 
arch Road Roller Company, director of Staf- 
ford Manufacturing Company, director and 
treasurer of Central and Eastern Construction 
Company of Albany (builders of state roads) 
and other minor enterprises. He served in 
the New York National Guard (Troy Citizen's 
Corps) 1891-93, was on guard duty at the 
Buffalo strike disturbances of that period, and 
is now an honorary member of the senior 
corps. He is an active worker in the Re,- 
pubhcan party, and a member of St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church, Troy. While a student at 
St. John's Military School he was chosen cap- 
tain for two years. At Harvard he became a 
member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon frater- 
nity, and is a member of the "Hasty Pudding" 
Club, the "Institute of 1770," and the Philo- 
sophical Society, all of Harvard. His home 
clubs are the Troy Club and Republican Club. 
His country club, the Ekwanoh, of Manches- 
ter, Vermont and Mt. Anthony Country Club 
of Bennington, Vermont, and his out of town 
club is the Harvard, of New York City. His 
fraternal order is the B. P. O. E. He married, 
October 17, 1895, Martha Mead, daughter 
of George Tibbits and Annie Case (j\lead) 
Lane, of Providence, Rhode Island, and 
granddaughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth 
(Tibbits) Lane. Children, born in Troy: 
George Lane, January 7, 1898; Katharine Say- 
Sayre; Sayre (2), ]\larch 17, 1904; Marshall, 
February 25, 1907. 

(The Field Line). 

Mary Catherine Field, wife of Harvey 
Smith MeLeod, was a direct descendant of 
Zachariah Field, the emigrant ancestor from 
England. The English history of the Field 
family is one of noble achievement and un- 
usual prominence. The name traces as far 
back as the Norman conquest. It was orig- 
inally written De la Feld, or De la Felde. but 
about the middle of the fourteenth century 
was changed to Field, or in some cases Feild. 
In America and the United States the name is 
an eminent one, and includes Cyrus Field, the 
father of the Atlantic cable. David Dudley 
Field, the noted lawyer ; Marshall Field, the 
merchant prince of Chicago ; and many others 
of equal note. The first of record in the line 
of Zachariah Field was Roger Del Field of 
Sorverly, England, born about 1240. Zacha- 
riah Field, ten generations later, was born in 
East Ardsley, Yorkshire, England, in 1596. 
He was the son of John Field of Cockernhoe, 



550 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



England, and grandson of John Field, the 
astronomer. 

(I) Zachariah Field came to New England 
from Bristol, England, arrived in Boston, 
Massachusetts, 1629, and settled in Dorches- 
ter. In 1659 he removed to Northampton, 
where he engaged in mercantile business and 
had a large trade with the Indians. He was 
one of the twenty-five persons who were the 
first to settle in Hatfield, and there passed the 
remainder of his days. He married, about 
1641, Mary 1 — , who bore him five chil- 
dren. . 

(II) Sergeant Samuel, son of Zachariah 
Field, was born in Hartford, Connecticut, 
about 165 1. He removed to Hatfield, where 
he was slain by Indians in ambush while at 
work in his field, June 24, 1697. He was a 
sergeant in the Turner's Falls fight with the 
Indians, and an influential citizen and town 
ofiicial of Hatfield. He married Sarah Gil- 
bert, who bore him eight children. 

(HI) Captain Zachariah (2), son of Ser- 
geant Samuel Field, was born in Hatfield, 
Massachusetts. He removed to Deerfield in 
1710, and in 171 7 to Northfield, Massachu- 
setts, where he died. He was captain of 
militia, selectman many years, and a very 
wealthy and influential man. He married 
Sarah Mattoon, who prior to her marriage 
was carried away captive by the Indians and 
held a prisoner in Canada for five years. She 
bore him ten children. 

(IV) Dr. Ebenezer, son of Captain Zacha- 
riah (2) Field, was born in Deerfield, Massa- 
chusetts, died in Northfield. He was a phy- 
sician noted in his profession, and noted in 
the town records as "Doctor Field." He had 
great faith in the oil and gall of the rattle- 
snake, and captured large numbers to obtain 
his favorite remedies for rheumatism and 
fevers. The pole and hook with which he cap- 
tured the snakes is now in the possession of 
the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association 
of Deerfield. He married Abigail Holton, 
who bore him six children. 

(V) WiUiam, son of Dr. Ebenezer Field, 
was a farmer of Northfield, Massachusetts. 
He married Sarah Petty, who bore him five 
children. 

(VI) William (2), son of William (i) 
Field, was born in Northfield. Massachusetts, 
where he followed the trade of a painter. He 
married Mary Woodward, who bore him seven 
children. 

(VII) Franklin, son of William (2) Field, 
was born in Northfield, Massachusetts, Au- 
gust II, 1824. He removed to Troy, New 
York, where he died May 8, 1881. He mar- 
ried in Montgomery, New York, November 



8, — ■ — Mary Goldsmith, bom November 
13, 1820. Children : Thomas Goldsmith, 
Mary Catherine and Franklin. 

(VIII) Mary Catherine, daughter of 
Franklin and Mary (Goldsmith) Field, was 
born February 21, 1852, died in Troy, New 
York, April 26, 1891. She married, January 
18, 1872, Harvey Smith McLeod. (See Mc- 
Leod III.) 

(The Dickinson Line). 

Experience Oaks Dickinson, wife of Hubert 
McLeod, was of English descent. 

(I) Nathaniel Dickinson and his wife Anna 
Tull arrived in Boston, Massachusetts, from 
England, in 1630, first settled in Watertown, 
and in 1637 removed to Wetherfield, Connecti- 
cut. He was town clerk in 1645, and repre- 
sentative 1646-56, deacon of the church, and 
a man of great influence. Owing to dissen- 
sion in the Wethersfield church he removed to 
Hadley, Massachusetts, in 1659. He was the 
first recorder of that town and deacon of the 
Hadley church. Anna (Tull) Dickinson died 
in Hatfield. Nathaniel died there June 16, 
1676. They had eleven children. The first 
two may have been born in England; two 
were born in Watertown, Massachusetts, 
and seven in Wethersfield, Connecticut. 

(II) Joseph, second child of Nathaniel 
Dickinson, was made freeman in Wethersfield, 
1657, removed with his father to Hadley. and 
was settled in Northampton, Massachusetts, 
1664-74. In 1675 he removed to Northfield, 
Massachusetts. He was a member of the mili- 
tary company of Northfield, commanded by 
Captain Beers, and was killed by the Indians 
September 4, 1675. (King Philip's war.) 
He married, 1664, Phoebe Bray. 

(HI) Nathaniel (2), son of Joseph Dickin- 
son, was born in Northampton, Massachusetts, 
May 20, 1670, died at Hatfield, Massachusetts, 
in 1745. He married Hannah White. 

(IV) Joel, eighth child of Nathaniel Dickin- 
son (2), was born March 23, 1716. He lived 
in Wheatley, Massachusetts, and later moved 
to Conway, Massachusetts. He was a deacon 
of the church. He married, 1738, Rachel 
Lamb. 

(IV) Obadiah, third child of Nathaniel 
Dickinson (2), was born July 28, 1784. died 
June 24, 1788, married (first) Mary Belding, 
May 26, 1726. 

(V) Elias, first son of Joel Dickinson, was 
born in Conway, Massachusetts, 1739. and 
died in Phelps, New York, 1806. He married 
Chloe Wait, born in Hatfield, Massachusetts, 
Februarv 23, 1738, died in Phelps, 1806. 

(V) EHjah, first child of Obadiah Dickin- 
son, was born July 31, 1727. He married 
(first), 1756, Sybil Billington, born 1731. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



551 



(VI) Augustus, third child of Elias Dickin- 
son, was born in Conway, Massachusetts, Sep- 
tember 7, 1765, died in Phelps, New York, 
April II, 1808. He married a kinswoman, 
Submit Dickinson, born in Hatfield, Massa- 
chusetts, March 18, 1766, died in Phelps, New 
York, March, 1813, sixth child of Elijah and 
Sybil Billington Dickinson. 

(VH) Experience Oaks, daughter of Au- 
gustus and Submit (Dickinson) Dickinson, 
was born in Phelps, New York, March 27, 
1807, died there June 8, 1880. She married, 
March 25, 1830, Hubert, third son of Mur- 
dock and Catherine Jane (Anderson) Mc- 
Leod. (See McLeod IL) 



The family name of Wade is de- 

WADE rived from the Dutch, "weide," 
signifying a pasture or meadow. 
The Wade Arms : Shield : Azure, a saltire ar- 
gent between three escallops, or, Crest : An 
arm embowed in armor, proper, holding a 
sword. Motto : Pro fide et patria — For faith 
and country. 

One of the oldest of the Anglo-Saxon fam- 
ilies is the Wade. Before the Norman con- 
queror was victorious at Hastings, Wades oc- 
cupied positions of honor and trust in the 
primitive polity of the Saxon heptarchy. Chau- 
cer alludes to the name and record shows the 
deeds and valorous achievements of the early 
ones bearing the name. Before the James- 
town settlement was thought of, and ages be- 
fore the Pilgrim Fathers sailed for this coun- 
try, Amigel Wade, secretary of the privy coun- 
cil of King Henry VHL of England, had ex- 
plored the coast of Newfoundland, and as his 
monument proudly boasts, "he was the first 
Englishman to land on the shores of the New 
World." One of Cromwell's most trusted 
men was Major-General Wade; his son. Col- 
onel Wade, followed the ill-fated iMonmouth 
to the madness of Sedgmoor. A monument 
far more enduring than bronze exists to-day 
in the roads of the Scotch Highlands to the 
wisdom and generous policy of Field Marshal 
General George Wade, who was a man of 
lofty character. 

(I) Though the little "Mayflower" bore 
none of the name, early in the day of settle- 
ment of the Massachusetts colony, 1632, came 
Jonathan and Nicholas Wade, solid yeomen of 
Norfolk, England, and they settled in the vi- 
cinity of the site of Boston. Jonathan Wade 
had a son named Nathaniel. The father, who 
was the progenitor of the family in America, 
died in 1683. 

(H) Nathaniel, second son of Jonathan 
Wade, was a major. He married Mercy, 
daughter of Governor Simon Bradstreet, of 



Massachusetts colony, October 31, 1672. They 
had a son named Samuel. 

(HI) Samuel, son of Major Nathaniel and 
Mercy (Bradstreet) Wade, was born March 
5, 1681. He married, October 17, 1706, Lydia 
Newhall. They had a son named Samuel. 

(IV) Samuel (2), son of Samuel (i) and 
Lydia (Newhall) Wade, was born April 21, 
1715. He married, 1741, Martha, daughter 
of James and Dorothy (Wigglesworth) Up- 
ham. They had a son named James. 

(V) James, son of Samuel (2) and Martha 
(Upham) Wade, was born at Medford, Mas- 
sachusetts, July 8, 1750. He married his cou- 
sin, Mary, daughter of the Rev. Edward Up- 
ham, in West Springfield, Massachusetts, Jan- 
uary 15, 1781. He died in Andover, 
Ashtabula county, Ohio, May 9, 1826. His 
wife, Mary, was born in Newport, Rhode Is- 
land, June 16, 1762, died in Andover, 
JMassachusetts, April 10, 1826. James Wade's 
grandmother, Dorothy Wigglesworth, was the 
daughter of Rev. Michael Wigglesworth, who 
was born in Yorkshire, England, October 28, 
163 1. He was brought to this country in 
1638; graduated from Harvard College in 
165 1 ; soon after became a professor there, 
and was ordained to the ministry in 1656. He 
died June 10, 1705. Dorothy Wigglesworth 
was his second daughter, and was born Feb- 
ruary 22, 1687. She married James Upham, 
father of Rev. Edward Upham, who was born 
March 26, 1710; married Sarah Leonard, 
April 10, 1740. He graduated from Harvard 
College in 1734; became a Baptist minister, 
and settled at Newport, Rhode Island, where 
he preached for many years. He was one of 
the first trustees of Brown University, and 
was offered the first presidency; but declined. 
He preached, leaning upon his staff, until 
ninety years of age. Children : Martha, born 
August 24, 1782; Nancy, born July 2, 1784, 
died February 7, 1786; Nancy, born February 
25, 1786; Mary, born September 2, 1787; 
James, born June 5, 1789, see forward ; 
Charles, born April 22, 1791, died April 17, 
1798; Samuel Sidney, born May 11, 1793, died 
November 27, 1847; Theodore Leonard, born 
March 13, 1797, died January 13, 1863; 
Charles H., born December 8, 1798, died June 
27, 1885; Benjamin Franklin, born October 
27, 1800, died March 2, 1878; Edward, born 
November 22, 1802, died August, 1866. 

(VI) Dr. James (2), son of James (i) and 
Mary (Upham) Wade, was born in Frieding- 
hills, Hampton county, Alassachusetts, June 
5, 1789. Pie resided and followed his profes- 
sion in Watervliet. Albany county, and died 
there February, 1868. He married, in Water- 
vliet, September 16, 1813, Sally, daughter of 



552 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK A'ALLEYS 



Ezekiel and Sally Mulford. She was born in 
Pittstown, Rensselaer county. New York, June 
12, 1/94, died in Watervliet, July 28, 1834. 
Children: i. Ezekiel Mulford, born November 
14, 1814; married (first) June 26, 1838, Sarah 
Ann Saunders; (second) February 23, 1853, 
Elizabeth Hughes, no children. 2. Mary 
Wood, born January 15, 1819, died February 
16, 1819. 3. James, born January 28, 1824; 
married, July 14, 1852, Margaret Gillis Uhl. 
4. Edward, born October 26, 1829, see for- 
ward. 5. Sally, born February 16, 1837. 

(VH) Edward, son of Dr. James (2) and 
Sally (Mulford) Wade, was born in Water- 
vliet, New York, in the residence on the Troy 
and Schenectady turnpike, October 26, 1829, 
died July 10, 1890. He received his educa- 
tion at the Exeter Academy ; studied law at 
the Albany Law School of Union University, 
and in the law office of Dean & Newland. He 
was one of the compilers of the well-known 
fifth edition of the Revised Statutes of New 
York State. Mr. Wade, although rarely ap- 
pearing in court in person, did an enormous 
amount of office business. He was most exact 
in everything he did, methodical to a degree, 
scrupulously honest and always thoroughly in 
earnest. Withal, he was a man of kind heart 
and most generous impulses, doing much good 
in a quiet, unostentatious manner in the way 
of charity. In politics he -was a strong and 
consistent Republican. He was a nephew of 
Hon. Benjamin Wade, who for many years 
was United States senator from Ohio, and 
acting vice-president of the United States. 
Mr. Wade's practise included the charge of a 
number of estates of importance in Albany 
and conducted these trusts with a fidelity even 
greater than he would have exerted in his 
own interests, for such was the estimate of 
the bar on his death. Mr. Wade married, 
October 27, 1863, Ellen Wilson, born Febru- 
ary 5, 1838, daughter of Dr. Sylvester and 
Ellen Montgomery (Wilson) Carr. Children: 
I. Edward Upham, born July 3, 1867, see for- 
ward. 2. Ellen, born January 30, 1873; grad- 
uate of the Albany high school, class of 1892; 
admitted to the State Normal College and 
graduated in 1895; died of scarlet fever. May 
8, 1895. 3. Dudley Bradstreet, born July 7, 
1880, see forward. 

(VHI) Edward Upham, son of Edward and 
Ellen Wilson (Carr) Wade, was born in Al- 
bany, July 3, 1867. Fie received his educa- 
tion at the Albany Academy, and following in 
the footsteps of his father took up the law as 
his profession. He married, March 3, 1892, 
Anna Bergen, of Fargo, North Dakota, daugh- 
ter of Theodore Bergen. Children : Edward 
Bergen, born December 28, 1892, died March 



14, 1895; Dudley Bradstreet, born December 
2"^, 1894, died September, 1897; Edward, born 
March, 1897; Dudley B., born September, 
1899; Richard, born October 30, 1902; Ellen 
Annan, born November 18, 1905. 

(VHI) Dudley Bradstreet, son of Edward 
and Ellen Wilson (Carr) Wade, was born 
July 7, 1880, in Albany. He received his ed- 
ucation in Albany high school and graduated 
at the Albany Law School ; he followed his 
profession in Albany, where he has a fine 
clientage. Mr. Wade married, June 27, 1906, 
Lela Maude Countryman, of Little Falls, New 
York. They have one son, Dudley Bradstreet 
Wade Jr., born in Albany, June 17, 1907. 

Benjamin Wilson, the great-grandfather of 
Edward Upham and Dudley Bradstreet Wade, 
was born in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, No- 
vember 28, 1763. He married Sarah Mont- 
gomery Henderson, born at Castle Montgom- 
ery, Ireland, died in Albany, about 1844. He 
died September, 1849, o^ cholera. Benjamin, 
and his brother, Joseph, were coopers by trade, 
and for many years were engaged in the 
wholesale grocery business. James, son of Jo- 
seph Wilson, established the first grocery busi- 
ness of any importance in Albany, and was 
styled the father of merchants in that city. 
He had a daughter, Ellen Montgomery, born 
in 1803, married. May 29, 1831, her cousin, 
Dr. Sylvester Carr. She died November 29, 
1838. Children: i. James Wilson, born May 
13, 1832; resided in Detroit, Michigan, in 
1909; married (second) Harriet K. Cobb. 2. 
Benjamin, born 1834; died in San Francisco, 
1863. 3. Ellen, born February 5, 1838; mar- 
ried, October 27, 1863, Edward Wade, (see 
Wade VII). 

The following is a verbatim copy of the 
data furnished by Mrs. Edward Wade : 

"Simon Bradstreet, once Governor of Massachu- 
setts, married Ann Dudley, a daughter of Governor 
Thomas Dudley. Mercy Bradstreet, a daughter of 
Governor Simon Bradstreet and Ann Dudley Brad- 
street, his wife, married Nathaniel Wade, herein- 
before mentioned, October 31, 1672, and died Oc- 
tober 5, 1715. Ann Dudley, the wife of said Gov- 
ernor Simon Bradstreet, and mother of the said 
Mercy Bradstreet Wade, was the author of the 
Anne Bradstreet poems. 

"Thomas Dudley was born in Northampton, Eng- 
land, in 1576. In 1630, he was sent to Massachu- 
setts as deputy governor ; was chosen governor in 
1634-40 and 1645; died in Roxbury; was a man of 
the sternest Puritan integrity. He had a son, 
Joseph, who was successively chief justice of Mas- 
sachusetts and New York, governor of the Isle of 
Wight, and governor of Massachusetts from 1702 
to 1715. Joseph Dudley's son, Paul, was chief jus- 
tice of Massachusetts. 

"Anne Dudley, daughter of Governor Thomas 
Dudley, and the sister of Governor Joseph Dudley, 
was bom in 1612. Her father was attached to the 
service of the Earl of Lincoln, and she spent much 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



553 



of her girlhood in his castle of Sempsingham. When 
sixteen years old, in 1628, she married Simon Brad- 
street, In 1638, they were of the wealthy and well- 
born party who undertook the colonization of Mas- 
sachusetts. She died September 16, 1672. 

"Mercy Bradstreet, daughter of Anne, and Major 
Nathaniel Wade were married October 31, 1672. To 
these, with other children, was born Bradstreet 
Wade, in 1681, in Medford, Mass. 

"Bradstreet Wade became the husband of Lydia 
Newhall, October 17, 1706, and died December 9, 
1738. His son, Samuel, was born April 21, 1715 ; 
married Martha Upham, daughter of James Upham 
and Dorothy Wigglesworth, December 2, 1741. 
These were the parents of James Wade, father of 
Dr. James Wade of Albany (or Watervliet) and 
Benjamin F., Edward, Theodore, Charles, and 
others." 



The family name of Leonard 
LEONARD when originally adopted sig- 
nified that those who were 
given that cognomen had the character or dis- 
position of a lion, that is, were Hon-hearted, 
decidedly courageous, whole-souled, fearing 
nothing. Its exact derivation is from "leon," 
a lion, and the Teutonic affixture, "ard," indi- 
cating "of the nature" or disposition. The 
Leonard Arms — Shield : Or, on a fesse gules, 
three fleur-de-lys of the first. Crest: A lion's 
head erased, gules. 

(I) The progenitor of this family in Amer- 
ica was Nathaniel Leonard, whose two young- 
er brothers, James and Henry Leonard, set- 
tled in Taunton, Massachusetts. Nathaniel 
came first to the district called Avalon, of 
which he became governor, the capital of 
which was Annapolis in Nova Scotia. He 
was skilled as an iron-master in Wales, and 
came seeking iron in this country. The cli- 
mate being cold, part of the colony migrated 
to Maryland, where there is still a place 
called Leonardstown, in St. Mary's county. 
James and Henry Leonard seem to have 
stopped off at Taunton, Massachusetts, and 
Nathaniel's son, John Leonard, probably hear- 
ing about the settlers going to Springfield, 
went with that party in 1639. 

It is not known who was the father of Na- 
thaniel, James and Henry ; but their father 
had a sister, Dorothy Leonard, who married 
George Calvert. They had a son, Leonard 
Calvert, whose son, George Calvert, was a 
Roman Catholic, and a close friend of James 
II., and was created Lord Baltimore by that 
king. His son, Leonard, was made the first 
governor of Maryland, Lord Baltimore being 
the proprietor of the country. George Cal- 
vert made his fortune by marrying Dorothy 
Leonard, whose family were prominent iron- 
masters in Pontypool, Wales, and afterwards 
in Baltimore, Ireland, which was where Lord 
Baltimore selected the name of his title, and 



on coming to America they established a long 
line of iron-masters of the name. Dorothy 
Leonard and George Calvert were married at 
Hurstmanceaux Castle, . which at that time 
was in possession of a relative of Dorothy, 
who obtained it through his Leonard ancestry, 
it being well known that Hurstmanceaux was 
the old home of the Leonards. 

On November 19, 1643, ^ grant was made 
at a town meeting to John Winthrop, Jr.. for 
about three thousand acres of land at Brain- 
tree, Massachusetts, ''for the encouragement 
of an iron-work to be set up about Monotcot 
river," styled the "Company of Undertakers 
for the Iron-Works," which inaugurated what 
is said to be the earliest of the kind in the 
new country ; but an honor disputed by Lynn, 
Massachusetts. They were allowed to export 
any surplus to any part of the world except 
to enemies. Among the first expert workers 
was Henry Leonard, who assisted in making 
the first castings in America. Mr. Winthrop 
received permission to make a plantation and 
lay out a site for iron-works at Pequot (New 
London, Conn.), to which place he removed 
in 1646, and the men imported for the works 
were artificers of high skill. In 1646 the gen- 
eral court permitted some of the country's 
guns to be melted over at the foundry. 

The next attempt to manufacture iron in 
the colony was made at Raynham, in 1652, 
and here the Leonards added the operations 
of the bloomery and the forge hammer. From 
definite information furnished in 1793 by 
the Rev. Dr. Fobes, considerable light is 
thrown on the family at this early period. He 
affirms that the first adventurers from Eng- 
land to this country who were skilled in forge 
iron manufacture were James and Henry 
Leonard. They came to Raynham for this 
purpose in 1652, only two years after the 
first settlers located at this spot, and they 
were the ones who built here the first forge 
in America. James lived and died in that 
town. He brought with him from Pontypool, 
Monmouthshire, his son, Thomas, who worked 
at the bloomery and assisted his father in 
the forge when grown up. 

Incidents in the lives of these ancestors in 
the Leonard family, without the addition of 
any embellishment whatsoever, read as enter- 
tainingly as any portion of colonial history 
dealing with the early struggles to effect a 
residence in the wilds and be protected from 
man and beast. This forge where the Leon- 
ards were engaged was situated on the "great 
road," and having been repaired from genera- 
tion to generation, was still in use in 1800 and 
later. Back in 1800 there stood near the dam 
there three elms and an oak with a diameter 



554 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



then of three feet, which, taken with the 
venerable buildings, presented to the eye a 
scene of picturesque antiquity even in 1800. 
At a distance of one mile and a quarter from 
the forge is a place called the Fowling Pond, 
on the northerly side of which stood King 
Philip's house, he of so much entertaining 
tradition among the savages. It was specifi- 
cally styled "Philip's hunting house," because 
in the season most favorable to hunting he 
resided there ; but he spent the winter chiefly 
at Mount Hope, probably for the benefit of 
the fishing. 

King Philip and the Leonards lived long 
in good, neighborly spirit, and frequently 
traded with each other ; and such was Philip's 
friendship, that so soon as the war broke out 
he gave strict orders to all his Indians never 
to hurt the Leonards, burn their dwellings or 
injure their stock in any manner. Through- 
out the war, however, the two houses near 
the forge were constantly garrisoned. One 
of them was built by James Leonard long be- 
fore King Philip's war; it was of the Gothic 
form, and in 1800 was occupied by the sixth 
generation of that family. In the cellar under 
this house there was a gruesome curiosity, for 
here during a considerable time was deposited 
the head of King Philip, for it seems that even 
Philip himself shared the fate of kings ; he 
was decollated, and his head carried about and 
shown as a warning by one Alderman, the In- 
dian who shot him. There was in this old 
house an ancient case of drawers upon which 
the deep scars and mangled impressions of 
Indian hatchets were to be seen; but mem- 
ory alone contains the deeper impressions 
which were made upon the affrighted women 
of the Leonard household who braved these 
excitements. Under the doorsteps of the 
same building are the bones of two unfortu- 
nate young women, who in their flight hither 
were shot down by the Indians, and it is re- 
lated that their blood was seen to run quite 
across the highway. More fortunate was the 
flight of Uriah Leonard who, as he was riding 
from Taunton to the forge, was discovered 
and fired upon by the savages. He instantly 
plucked off his hat, swung it around, which 
startled his horse, and in full career he reached 
the forge dam without a wound ; but several 
bullets were shot through the hat in his hand, 
and also through the neck of the horse near 
the mane, from which the blood gushed on 
both sides and ran down on Leonard's legs. 

Fowling Pond, above mentioned, near 
which the forge was erected, was remarkably 
prolific a century ago in material, having fur- 
nished an uninterrupted supply of good ore 
for that and other works for over four score 



years constantly. It is said that the family 
attachment to the iron manufacture is so well 
known as to render it a common observation 
that "where you can find iron-works, there you 
will find a Leonard." Henry, the brother of 
James, went from Taunton or Raynham to 
New Jersey, and was one of the first who 
started iron-works in that state. He was the 
progenitor of a numerous and respectable pos- 
terity in that part of the United States. 
George Leonard was one of the early set- 
tlers, about 1696, of Norton, which with 
Raynham originally formed a part of Taun- 
ton, Massachusetts, and there he erected iron- 
works. He was attracted thither by the dis- 
covery of ore and by reason of the abundant 
water-power at command from the Taunton 
river. His descendants continued the busi- 
ness for more than a centurj'. In 1674 Na- 
thaniel and Thomas Leonard entered into a 
contract with John Ruck and others of Salem 
to carry on the iron manufacture at the vil- 
lage of Rowley, which possessed all the ad- 
vantages of good, water-power and bog ore. 
The Indians destroyed one of the iron-works 
of the Leonards in 1677. 

(II) John, son of Nathaniel Leonard, set- 
tled in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1636, 
coming there with John Pyncheon, where he 
was an iron-master and made a reputation 
similar to that of his prominent relatives. He 
served as constable of the town. In John 
Pyncheon's account books there is mention of 
John Leonard giving a mortgage on four 
oxen to secure his store debt, then something 
over twenty pounds, and Pyncheon got part 
of the cattle if not all of them. In 1641 John 
Leonard participated in the second division of 
land and received ten rods in breadth ; unmar- 
ried men received eight rods. His home lot 
was on the southwest corner of Main and State 
streets, and part of it was taken to make the 
street. His seat in the meeting-house, third 
from the front, indicates that he was held in 
good esteem. He married, November 12, 
1640, Sarah Heald, who died November 23, 
171 1. John Leonard was killed by Indians 
early in 1676. They had a son, Benjamin. 

(III) Benjamin, son of John and Sarah 
(Heald) Leonard, was born July 5, 1654; died 
December 20, 1724. He married, February 9, 
1680, Sarah Scott, who died December 2, 
175 1. They had a son, John. 

(IV) John, son of Benjamin and Sarah 
(Scott) Leonard, was born July 12, 1681 ; 
died November 28, 1744, and was buried in 
the old Agawam cemetery. He was highly 
respected as an eminent physician of his times 
in Agawam, Massachusetts. He married, 
January 8, 1709, Sarah Dickinson, of Hatfield, 




''^^^^^<^< 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



555 



Mass, who died March 28, 1768. They had 
a son Daniel. 

(V) Daniel, son of John and Sarah (Dick- 
inson) Leonard, was born March, 1713, died 
April 3, 1783. He was a civil engineer, and 
being a local arbiter of disputes was called 
"Judge." He married, February 14, 1740, 
Penelope Leonard, born October 29, 1717; 
died September 27, 1752, daughter of Joseph, 
born January i, 1688, and Sarah (Beckwith) 
Leonard, son of Joseph Leonard, born May 
20, 1644; son of John Leonard, of Springfield, 
Massachusetts ; son of Nathaniel Leonard, 
progenitor, of Maryland. They had a son 
Daniel. 

(IV) Lieutenant Daniel (2), son of Daniel 
(i) and Penelope (Leonard) Leonard, was 
born in 1748, died April 18, 1824. He was a 
lieutenant. He married Eleanor Ripley, born 
August 16, 1754, died October 14, 1815, 
daughter of Ebenezer Ripley, born June 22, 
1729, died June 11, 1811; married, June 11, 
1752, Mehitabel Burbank, of Sufifield, Connec- 
ticut, born July 28, 1729, died in 181 3. Eben- 
ezer Ripley was the son of Joshua Ripley, 
born May 17, 1688, died November 17, 1773; 
married, December 3, 1712, Mary Backus, 
born November 8, 1692, died in Windham, 
Connecticut, October, 1770, whose great- 
grandfather was Lieutenant William Pratt, of 
the Saybrook forces in the Pequot War. 
Joshua Ripley was the son of Joshua, born in 
1658, died in 1739; son of John; son of Wil- 
liam Ripley, from Hingham, Norwich county, 
England, 1638, and the mother of Joshua Rip- 
ley was Hannah Bradford, born in Kingston, 
Massachusetts, May 9, 1662, died May 28, 
1738, whose father was Major William Brad- 
ford Jr., born June 16, 1624; married in 
1652; died February 20, 1693, the son of 
Governor William Bradford, of Plymouth 
Plantation and "Mayflower" fame, born 
March, 1588, died May 9, 1657. They had 
a son Daniel. 

(VII) Captain Daniel (3), son of Lieuten- 
ant Daniel (2) and Eleanor (Ripley) Leon- 
ard, was born July 7, 1781, died in 1813. He 
married, August 26, 1805, Nancy Fenn, born 
September 5, 1785, died March 10, 1810, 
daughter of Captain Jacob and Sarah (Mat- 
thews) Fenn, the latter born October 31, 
1758, died May 15, 1838. Jacob Fenn was 
the son of Christian Fenn, and was born 
August 26, 1755, died March, 1826; was a 
private at one time in Captain P. Porter's 
company. First Connecticut Continental Regi- 
ment, Eighth Company, under Colonel D. 
Wooster, serving May-November, 1775, in 
the Northern Department; was a rate collec- 
tor of the town in 1780 in Northbury parish, 



and married, October 15, 1778, Sarah Mat- 
thews. They had a son named James, and a 
daughter Nancy. By a second marriage to 
Sarah Alden, of Suffield, Connecticut, he had 
a daughter Harriet, who married Horatio J. 
Olcott, of Cherry Valley, New York, a life- 
long banker. ■ 

(VIII) James, son of Captain Daniel (3) 
and Nancy (Fenn) Leonard, was born May 
25, 1806, died December 13, 1882. He re- 
sided in West Springfield, Massachusetts, 
where his entire life was spent. He was 
educated in the public schools ; settled in 
early life upon a farm and followed the pur- 
suit of agriculture continuously during his 
active life. He was a member of the Con- 
gregational church and a liberal contributor 
to church and charitable societies. He was 
highly respected in the community, where he 
was a well-known figure. In early like he was 
an ensign of the "Hampden Grays," a local 
military company. Originally a Democrat, in 
later life he affiliated with the Republican 
party. He married, March 24, 1830, Mary 
Rood, born April 15, 1802, died July 17, 
1882, daughter of Elias and Anna (Hancock) 
Rood, of Feeding Hills, Massachusetts, and 
Suffield, Connecticut. On March 24, 1880, 
Mr. and Mrs. James Leonard celebrated their 
golden wedding, at which many valuable evi- 
dences of love, respect and esteem were re- 
ceived from relatives and friends. Children : 

1. Mary, born January 31, 1831, died May 
22, 1850 ; married Lorin Palmer, of West 
Springfield, Massachusetts ; afterward became 
prominent newspaper publisher in Brooklyn, 
New York ; left a son Harry Leonard Palmer. 

2. Harriet, born December i, 1832, died in 
Albany, New York, January 13, 1861 ; mar- 
ried, October 5, 1853, Thomas Olcott (sec- 
ond wife), son of Thomas Worth Olcott, 
president of the Mechanics' & Farmers' Bank 
of Albany. Children: William Leonard, 
Thomas W. and Howard M. Olcott. 3. Dan- 
iel, see forward. 

(IX) Daniel (4), only son of James and 
Mary (Rood) Leonard, was born in West 
Springfield, Hampden county, Massachusetts, 
October 3, 1839. In 1910 he was head of the 
firm of Cotrell & Leonard, No. 472-478 
Broadway, Albany. New York, with a resi- 
dence at No. 56 Willett street. He received 
his education at the public school in West 
Springfield, and came to Albany in 1853 to 
take a position in the Mechancs' & Farmers' 
Bank. He was compelled to leave the bank 
through ill health in 1862, and after a few 
years in the country, returned to Albany in 
1867 as a partner in the firm of Joshua G. 
Cotrell & Company, hatters and furriers, 



556 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



then located at No. 46 State street. In 1884 
the growth of the business required their 
removal to the present stores. He is a trus- 
tee of the Mechancs' & Farmers' Savings 
Bank, President of the Albany Safe Deposit 
& Storage Company, and former president of 
the Mutual Fire Insurance Company ; a char- 
ter member of the Fort Orange Club, the 
Albany Country' Club and the Society of 
Colonial Wars. He is a Republican in poli- 
tics, and a member of the State Street Pres- 
byterian Church. Mr. Leonard is of a retir- 
ing disposition, genial, fond of his home, of 
high character and greatly respected in the 
community. He married, at Albany, New 
York, June 11, 1861, Mary Elizabeth Cotrell, 
born at Albany, May i, 1840, died of pneu- 
monia at her home. No. 56 Willett street, Al- 
bany, May 9, 1897. Her father was Joshua 
Gardner Cotrell, of Albany, who was born 
at Charlton, Saratoga county, New York, 
September 23, 1804, died at Albany, Febru- 
ary 18, 1878, and his wife, Cornelia Wilkin- 
son, born April 7, 18 12, at Sauquoit, New 
York, died May 27, 1885, whom he married 
in May, 1836. Joshua Gardner Cotrell, father 
of Mary Elizabeth Cotrell, was the son of 
Oliver Cotrell, of Hancock, Massachusetts, 
son of Joseph Cotrell, of Wickford, Rhode 
Island, and his wife, Mary (Gardner) Cotrell, 
born August 12, 1784, married in i8oo, daugh- 
ter of Nathaniel and Martha (Brown) Gard- 
ner, of Nokingston, Rhode Island, born in 
1742; married in 1763; died August 11, 1841. 
Cornelia (Wilkinson) Cotrell, mother of 
Mary Elizabeth Cotrell, was daughter of Dr. 
Jabez Wilkinson, son of John Wilkinson, born 
in England in 1747; married in 1768, and 
his wife, Nancy (Savage) Wilkinson, born 
February 10, 1790, died November 6, 1857, 
daughter of Stephen Savage, born December 
10, 1769, died December 4, 1848, and Lucy 
(Stowe) Savage, born August 10, 1769, died 
August 9, 1832. Children: i. Edgar Cotrell, 
born in Albany, May 28, 1862, see forward. 

2. Gardner Cotrell, born in West Springfield, 
Massachusetts. October 16, 1865, see forward. 

3. Mary Louise, born in Albany, June 12, 
1868; residing in 1910 at No. 56 Willett 
street, Albany. 4. Harriet Olcott, born in 
Albany, November 17, 1873, see forward. 
5. Elizabeth Fenn, born in Albany, Septem- 
ber 5, 1877; married, June i, 1910, Stanley 
Fletcher Morse. 

(X) Edgar Cotrell, son of Daniel (4) and 
Mary Elizabeth (Cotrell) Leonard, was born 
in Albany, New York, May 28, 1862. He 
attended the Albany Academy a number of 
years and graduated therefrom in the class 
of 1879, thereupon pursued further studies 



at Williams College, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1886 with the degree of A.B. He 
entered the firm of Cotrell & Leonard, Nos. 
472-478 Broadway, Albany, after leaving col- 
lege, which business was established by his 
maternal grandfather, Joshua G. Cotrell, in 
1832. He is a member of the Society of 
Colonial Wars, regent of the Philip Living- 
ston Chapter, Sons of the Revolution ; is 
governor of the Albany branch of the Society 
of Mayflower Descendants, through the line 
reaching to Governor William Bradford, of 
Plymouth Colony ; a director and treasurer of 
the Mutual Fire Insurance Company ; sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Albany Safe De- 
posit & Storage Company ; actively interested 
in the work of the Albany Chamber of Com- 
merce and of the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation, of which he was president for five 
years : member of the American Scenic & 
Historic Preservation Society ; the National 
Geographic Society ; American Civic Asso- 
ciation. University Club of Albany; Fort 
Orange Club: Albany Country Club; Delta 
Psi fraternity; Masters Lodge, No. 5, Free- 
and Accepted Masons, and is a thirty-second 
degree Mason ; elder and trustee of State- 
Street Presbyterian Church, and a director of 
Auburn Theological Seminary. He married, 
Albany, New York, October 15, 1890, Bessie- 
Woolworth, of Albany, born in St. Joseph, 
Missouri, daughter of Calvin Colton Wool- 
worth, of Brooklyn. New York, and Sarah 
(Parker) Woolworth. Children, born in Al- 
bany: Ruth Woolworth, September 5, 1891 ; 
Katharine, April 4, 1893. 

(X) Gardner Cotrell, son of Daniel and 
Mary Elizabeth (Cotrell) Leonard, was born 
in West Springfield, Massachusetts, October 
16, 1865. He received his preliminary edu- 
cation at the Albany Boys' Academy, which 
school he attended from 1872 until graduation 
in 1882, after which he entered Williams Col- 
lege, where he joined the Delta Psi fraternity, 
and graduated in 1887 with the degree of 
A.B. Upon leaving college, he entered the 
employ of Cotrell & Leonard at No. 472-478 
Broadway, established in 1832 by Joshua G. 
Cotrell, to which firm he was admitted in 
1890. The following year he established a 
department for the manufacture of caps, 
gowns and hoods for colleges and universi-' 
ties, under the style of the Inter-collegiate 
Bureau of Academic Costume, which was 
chartered by the University of the State of 
New York in 1902. He became much inter- 
ested in these matters, and was led to publish 
several works on this subject, and is recog- 
nized as an authority. He compiled a volume- 
entitled "Songs of Williams," published in 




c 



c/c^ 



a,^ 



(5^ 



0-r<. Gu-r-A 




dUi^J^^C^^^^^ 




HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



55; 



1898, which was so cordially received as to 
necessitate several editions. He is a member 
of Masters Lodge, No. 5, Free and Accepted 
Masons, Williams College Alumni Association 
of Northern New York, the Albany Academy 
Alumni Association, the Society of Colonial 
Wars, Sons of the Revolution, a former vice- 
president of the Albany Chamber of Com- 
merce, a life member of the Albany Institute 
and Historical and Art Society, the Fort 
Orange Club, Albany Club, Albany Country 
Club, LTniversity Club of Albany and the 
University Club of New York City. He mar- 
ried, in Albany, New York, February 18, 
1903, Grace Watson, born in Waterford, New 
York, daughter of Daniel Matthewson and 
Margaret (Laughlin) Sutherland. Children, 
born in Albany : Gardner Cotrell, September 
22, 1905 ; Margaret Sutherland, October 4, 
1907. 

(X) Harriet Olcott, daughter of Daniel 
and Mary Elizabeth (Cotrell) Leonard, was 
born in Albany, New York, November 17, 
1873. She was educated at St. Agnes' School 
in her native city. She married, at the State 
Street Presbyterian Church, Albany, Febru- 
ary i6j 1897, John Robert Leonard. He was 
born in New York City, September 19, 1865, 
son of Arthur J. Leonard, born in London, 
England, April 24. 1830, died in New York 
City, June 15, 1870: married. New York City, 
May 8, 1857, Elizabeth Farlow, born in Lon- 
don, England, October 5, 1837. Children : 
Mary Elizabeth, born in Albany, August 19, 
1898 ; Daniel, born in Albany, January 26, 
1901 ; Flarriet, born in Chicago, August 24, 
1905. 



The family name of Brett is 
BRETT thought to be a contraction from 
Breton, a Briton ; "brette," 
French, a long sword ; "brat" and "bretyn," 
in Welsh, signify an urchin. The Brett Arms. 
Shield : Argent, a lion rampant between nine 
crosses crosslet fitchee gules. Crest : A lion 
passant gules upon a cap of maintenance. 
Motto : Perseverantia vincit — Perseverance 
conquers. 

The descent is traced from the progenitor 
of the family in America, Roger Brett, who 
was born in the seventeenth century, and re- 
sided in Fishkill, New York. 

Francis Rombout came to New Amster- 
dam, as New York was then called, in 1664. 
He was of French extraction, and at that 
time was about twenty-five years of age. He 
had intended to return to his home, but 
through some seeming misfortune he was 
compelled to remain in this country, and as 
he grew up laid the foundation for business 



resulting in his becoming a rich fur trader 
and owner of enormous estates, which were 
situated along the Hudson river not far north 
of New York City. Francis Rombout, in a 
partnership with Stephanus \'an Cortlandt 
and Jacobus Kip, who married the widow of 
Gulian Verplanck later on, obtained a patent 
from the Duke of York in 1665, covering the 
whole territory lying between the Fishkill and 
W'appinger creeks, and running eastward on 
lines parallel with these creeks "four hours 
going in the woods," to use the quaint but 
not definite language of their patent. This 
distance was estimated at sixteen miles, which 
was a rather liberal allowance. By partition 
of the property among the original owners, 
Francis Rombout took a large share. It com- 
prised the lower or southern portion, and 
covered an area of more than ten thousand 
acres. On February 8, 1682, a license was 
given by Thomas Dongan, governor of the 
Province of New York, to Francis Rombout, 
to acquire a tract of land from the Wap- 
pinger tribe of Indians. With him in this 
transaction was associated Gulian Verplanck. 
In August of the following summer, all the 
right of the Indians in the large tract was 
bought by Rombout and Verplanck, and this 
land was afterwards known as the Rombout 
Patent. 

Francis Rombout held a great many posi- 
tions of dignity and responsibility, both dur- 
ing the Dutch and English colonial periods. 
He became a citizen of New Amsterdam in 
1664 and the mayor of New York in 1679. 
One finds his name appearing frequently in 
the annals of the colony, especially after the 
conquest of New Amsterdam by the British, 
in the reign of Charles II., 1664, when the 
name was changed to New York. He filled 
with honor the offices of schepen, 1674; alder- 
man, 1673-78 inclusive ; mayor, 1686-87, and 
commissioner in admiralty. He was of French 
extraction, and it is said that he came to 
New Amsterdam as supercargo. He later 
married Helena Teller \'an Ballen, a widow 
and the daughter of William Teller. In his 
mercantile life, he associated himself in the 
main with Gulian Verplanck, forming with 
him a partnership which continued for many 
years. He died in 1691, leaving one child, a 
daughter named Catharyna, born in 1684. 

(i) Roger Brett, progenitor of the family 
in America, married Catharyna Rombout, and 
removed with her from New York to the 
Fishkills. where he erected the historical man- 
sion in a beautiful grove at Fishkill Landing 
in 1709. and she remained there until her 
death, in 1764. After the death of her hus- 
band, she was commonly styled "Madame 



358 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Brett" by her friends. She was sixteen years 
of age when she married Roger Brett, and 
soon thereafter, or about 1706, the patent, 
which has subsequently been known as the 
Rombout Patent, was partitioned in three por- 
tions, namely, to the Van Courtlandt family 
was allotted substantially all the land lying 
along both banks of what was called Wap- 
pinger Creek ; the middle portion fell to the 
heirs of Gulian Verplanck, and the lower, or 
part along the Fish Kill, to Roger Brett and 
his wife. In New York they had lived on 
"her father's property, which consisted of a 
large house and spacious grounds on lower 
Broadway, not distant from the present site 
of Trinity Church. The site of the home lat- 
terly occupied in Dutchess county in later 
years became known as Matteawan, New 
York. Roger Brett was a lieutenant in the 
British navy, and on familiar terms of friend- 
ship with the Colonial governor, Lord Corn- 
bury, who was a cousin of Queen Anne, to 
whom he is said to have borne a close like- 
ness, a matter regarding which he was known 
to be proud. He was drowned in 1716, and 
"his wife survived him many years, dying in 
1764. Children: Francis, see forward; Rob- 
ert ; Rivery. 

(II) Francis, son of Lieutenant Roger and 
Catharyna (Rombout) Brett, was (probably) 
horn on the homestead in Fishkill, Dutchess 
county, New York. He married Margaret 
Van "Wyck. Children: Cornelius, married 
Rachel Valentine ; Rombout, married Sarah 
Somendyke ; George, see forward ; Dorus, 
married Polly Wilse ; Phoebe, married Thom- 
as Arden ; Hannah, married Henry Schenck ; 
Margaret, married Peter A. Schenck ; Cather- 
ine, died unmarried. 

(III) General George, son of Francis and 
Margaret (Van Wyck) Brett, was born in 
175 1. He was an officer in the revolutionary 
war, serving in the regiment of James Swart- 
wout from October 10, 1777, to October 26, 
1777, in the Poughkeepsie precinct of Dut- 
chess county. He died October 15, 1833. He 
married Marie Cooper, born in 1754, died in 
1838. Children: Deborah, died August i, 
1854; Margaret, born in 1778, died Decem- 
her 8, i860 ; Francis G., see forward ; Sarah 

(or Sally), married Robert Willett. 

(IV) Francis G., son of George and Marie 
(Cooper) Brett, was born in 1775, probably 
in Matteawan, Dutchess country, New York, 
died August 14, 1835. He married, Novem- 
her 19, 1802, Margaret Campbell, born in 
1777, died April 9, 1835. Children : William, 
born in 1803, died December 27, 1869; James, 
born 1805, died January 15, 1872; Alfred, 
born April, 1808, died November 6, 1828; 



Harriet, born 1809, died August 22, 1871 ; 
Jane Ann, born in 1813, died December 18, 
1858; Harvey; Edgar, see forward; Charles. 

(V) Rev. Edgar Brett, son of Francis G. 
and Margaret (Campbell) Brett, was born in 
Matteawan, New York, in 1815, and resided 
there a greater portion of his life. His father 
conducted for years the old Matteawan flour- 
ing mill and dwelt in the old yellow house 
on Alill street, across the creek from the mill, 
still standing in 1910. Edgar Brett was born 
in this homestead. On arriving at maturity, 
he acted as bookkeeper for his father, but 
later on he removed to Stamford, Connecti- 
cut, where he engaged as the superintendent 
of a cotton mill. Following this he felt called 
to preach the Gospel, and commenced study- 
ing for the ministry. He became first a local 
preacher, acting faithfully in that capacity and 
accomplishing a large amount of good Chris- 
tian work. He acted also as the agent for 
the Bible Society. He traveled much through 
the country, delivering lectures and present- 
ing stereoptican views of the Holy Land. 
Having a competence of his own, in his later 
years he retired from public activity, and 
was greatly esteemed by all those who knew 
him. He married, August 25, 1836, Myra 
Ann Holslander, born in 1815, died in 1881. 
He died in 1892. Children : Edgar Augustus, 
born June 26, 1840, see forward ; Francis 
Henry, born August 31, 1842; married Mary 
Rogers, October ig, 1870, and in 19 10 re- 
sided in Matteawan ; Wilbur Fisk, born Sep- 
tember 16, 1847, died September 26, 1867. 

(VI) Captain Edgar Augustus, son of Rev. 
Edgar and Myra Ann (Holslander) Brett, 
was born in Orange county. New York, June 
26, 1840, died November 3, 1900. in Albany, 
New York. He was reared in Fishkill, New 
York, where he was educated in the public 
schools. In 1862 he enlisted in the One Hun- 
dred and Twenty-eighth Regiment, New York 
Volunteer Infantry, and was appointed com- 
missary sergeant. In 1863 he was commis- 
sioned captain in the First Regiment of En- 
gineers, composed of colored men, called the 
"Corps d' Afrique." Until the close of the 
war served on detached duty on the staff of 
General Day, Department of the Gulf, and 
was for a time provost marshal at Brazos and 
San Diego, Texas. He participated with his 
command at the battle of Port Hudson. Af- 
ter receiving an honorable discharge from the 
army at the close of the war, Captain Brett 
settled in Albany and held office for two 
years under Joseph Howland. treasurer of the 
state of New York. Resigning the office, he 
formed a connection with the National Com- 
mercial Bank of Albanv as individual book- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



559 



keeper, continuing' until 1884, when he retired 
from active business life. In politics he was 
a lifelong- Republican, but never aspired to or 
desired public office. He was a member of 
Louis Benedict Post, Grand Army of the Re- 
public, of Albany, later transferred to George 
Dawson Post, No. 63, Albany, and of the 
"Albany Burgess Corps," Albany's famous 
military and social organization. Both Cap- 
tain and Mrs. Brett were members of the 
First Dutch Reformed Church of Albany, and 
active in the Sunday school ; for several years 
he served as librarian. lie married, June 5, 
1867, Mary, born June 25, 1840, daughter of 
John and Saplirona (Jacquin). Chariot. John 
Jacquin, her grandfather, served in the revo- 
lutionary war, enlisting at the age of seven- 
teen for a term of three years. Children: 
Mary Louise, born April 19, 1868, died Au- 
gust 2, 1875 ; George W., born November 13, 
1870, died August 7, 1875 ; Charles Porter, 
see forward ; Arthur Rowland, see forward ; 
Katherine Gaul, born April 20, 1879. 

(Vn) Charles Porter, eldest surviving son 
of Captain Edgar Augustus and Mary (Char- 
lot) Brett, was born in Albany, New York, 
February 8, 1873. He was educated in the 
city schools, and for the first two years of 
his business life was with the Harder Knitting 
Company, of Hudson, New York. Leaving 
there, he was for the next ten years with the 
leading dry goods house of John G. G. Myers 
in Albany. In 1899 he formed a connection 
■with the banking house of Spencer Trask & 
Company, continuing until the present date 
{1910) as their managing bookkeeper. He is 
a Republican, and through the military service 
of his ancestors gained admission to the Sons 
of the Revolution. He served five years in 
Company B, Tenth Battalion, New York Na- 
tional Guard, located at Albany, and is a 
member of "The Old Guard" of that com- 
pany ; also of the Capital City Benefit Associ- 
ation of Albany. His religious affiliation is 
with the First Dutch Reformed Church of 
Albany, of which he was a deacon for two 
years and for a term of four years treasurer 
of the Sunday school. He married, August 
28, 1895, Grace, daughter of James and Ada- 
Tine (Rabson) Herrington, and has a daugh- 
ter, Edna May, born in Albany, April 14, 
1900, died August 25, 1900, also one son 
who died at birth. 

(VH) Arthur Howland, youngest son of 
Captain Augustus and Mary (Chariot) Brett, 
was born in Albany, October 19, 1875. He 
was educated in- the city schools, specializing 
in bookkeeping and accounting systems. On 
leaving school lie was for several years em- 
ployed in the general offices of the Delaware 



and Hudson Railroad Company in Albany, 
The Commerce Insurance Company, Richard 
V. DeWitt Walsh in the insurance and real 
estate business, and now with the Hygienic 
Ice & Refrigerating Company of Albany. He 
is a Republican in politics : a member of the 
First Dutch Reformed Church ; a Master 
Mason of Mt. Vernon Lodge, Albany ; a 
Knight of Pythias, and member of the Sons 
of the Revolution. He is unmarried, residing 
with mother and sister at 148 Elm street. 



Peter Cagger was honored in 
CAGGER the city of Albany as one of 
the foremost lawyers of his 
day, and that this was due to his intellectual 
attainments redounds to his enduring fame. 
He was of Irish descent. His parents came 
to Albany early in the nineteenth century. His 
father gave up a somewhat extensive business 
which he had been conducting in Ireland, and 
they first settled in New York City. There 
they remained for a brief period, and in the 
vaults of the old St. Patrick's Cathedral in 
Mott street several of the family are buried. 

Mr. Cagger was born in Albany, November 
ID, 1814, and in that city he received his early 
education. He went later to Canada, and en- 
tered the College of Chambly, from which he 
graduated. On deciding to enter the legal 
profession, he began the study of law in the 
office of Marcus T. Reynolds, Esq., then 
recognized throughout the country as a leader 
in his profession. When only twenty-one 
years of age he formed a law partnership 
with Samuel Stevens, one of the most eminent 
attornies of that time in Albany, and the firm 
became a power in legal circles throughout 
the state. After a successful practice of some 
years Mr. Stevens yielded to the strain of ex- 
cessive labor, and on his death Mr. Cagger 
formed a partnership with Nicholas Hill, who 
had until then held the office of state reporter. 
Later John K. Porter linked his name with 
theirs, the firm assuming the name of Hill, 
Cagger & Porter. This firm of unusually 
brilliant minds had a widely extended prac- 
tice, and its fame is destined to go down to 
posterity as one of the most remarkable com- 
binations of ability in the several departments 
of a great law office ever known in the annals 
of the state. The great intellect of Hill shone 
in the court of last resort, where his genius 
flashed, in which his professional learning, 
and the unbending integrity of his character, 
secured the reverence of the bench. The per- 
suasive eloquence, the penetrating mind, and 
admirable sagacitv of Porter, took easy prece- 
dence of alfothers at "Nisi Prius," and the 
extraordinary administrative talent of Cag- 



56o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \'ALLEYS 



ger, ready at once and at a moment's notice 
for abstruse pleadings, alert for the minutiae 
of litigation, with its inexhaustive fund of 
device and ingenuity ; intuitively prepared for 
all combinations of finance or of politics, and 
perfectly at home in important business nego- 
tiations. All these combined to make this trio 
remarkable. Mr. Porter was the survivor of 
the firm, and was traveling in Europe when 
the news of Mr. Cagger's death reached him. 
On the death of Nicholas Hill, which occurred 
May I, 1859, when he was only fifty-three 
years old. Judge Samuel Hand became asso- 
ciated with the firm. , 

Mr. Cagger was in politics a strong and 
staunch Democrat, a party leader in every 
campaign, and although frequently urged to 
accept public office, always resolutely refused. 
He was often a delegate to conventions, and 
many times exerted himself in shaping the 
course of his party. He was a warm friend 
of John VanBuren, Edwin Croswell and Sam- 
uel Tilden. Many youthful aspirants to the 
legal profession read law in his office and 
have since become eminent. He was a Catho- 
lic of the Catholics, his very name a tradition 
among those of his faith, for he had identified 
himself largely with the early history of the 
Catholic church in Albany. While he was an 
earnest, conscientious and faithful believer, he 
had a host of friends and close associates 
among those of other creeds, and he was the 
confidant, trusted friend and adviser of mariy, 
whose religious bias might have suggested 
other counsel. 

Mr. Cagger met his death in New York 
City, July 6, 1868, by an accident while driv- 
ing in Central Park. The said occurrence was 
long remembered by Albanians, and plunged 
the whole city in mourning. When the start- 
ling news was received, it spread with light- 
ning rapidity to all classes, creating profound 
sorrow, which is the best indication of the 
strong hold this distinguished citizen had on 
the whole community. He had been stop- 
ping at the Worth House, on Fifth Avenue, 
while a delegate to the National Democratic 
Convention, which assembled in that city on 
July 4th to nominate the Hon. Horatio Sey- 
mour for president of the United States. He 
left his hotel about six o'clock in the evening 
with his friend, George Evans, also of Al- 
bany, for a drive through Central Park. Af- 
ter driving together for some time they met 
John E. Develin. He stopped them, and asked 
Mr. Cagger to get in his carriage with him, 
and go with him to see a Mr. Fay, a merchant 
residing in Manhattanville. The invitation 
was accepted. They made their call, and left 
Mr. Fay's residence at eleven P. M., desirous 



of being back for a conference at midnight. 
Mr. Develin was driving his spirited but well- 
trained team through the Park when a for- 
ward wheel snapped in turning a short curve. 
The horses took fright, ran away, dragging 
the overturned carriage at break-neck speed, 
until it was dashed into fragments, but the 
beasts still continued on with only the pole 
and traces. Mr. Cagger had fallen out and 
struck the ground with the back of his head. 
When a policeman approached he was im- 
movable, and had evidently expired immedi- 
ately. His friend, Mr. Develin. lay on the 
other side of the road, bleeding from a severe 
cut on the temple and almost insensible, so 
that it was some time before he could give 
their names for identification. Mr. Cagger's 
body was taken to St. Luke's Hospital, not 
far from the southern entrance to the Park, 
and the examining physician declared that 
death had come without pain. The remains 
were transferred the next night by boat to 
Albany, and taken on the morning of the ninth 
to his late residence. No. 174 State street. 
The funeral was held in St. Joseph's Church 
on the loth of July. Archbishop (afterwards 
Cardinal) McCloskey and Bishop Conroy, 
both of whom had been his intimate friends, 
officiated. The burial was in the family lot 
in St. Agnes Cemetery. Flags upon the City 
Hall, State House and other public buildings 
and institutions were lowered to half mast 
out of respect to his memory, and a public 
meeting of the citizens of Albany was held 
in the rooms of the Board of Trade. The 
Democratic general committee appointed a 
committee of three to prepare suitable resolu- 
tions, and these were drafted by Chairman 
Thomas Kearney, the secretary. The follow- 
ing autumn there was a meeting of the bar, 
and John Meredith Read, Esq., among others, 
paid a glowing tribute to Mr. Cagger. 

iMr. Cagger was for a time a director of 
the National Commercial Bank, where his 
suggestions were always considered and ex- 
erted a great influence. He was a trustee of 
the Atlantic Mutual Life Insurance Company, 
and his counsel was often of inestimable 
value in the conduct of its affairs. It would 
be no easy matter to recount or detail his in- 
numerable benefactions, for his charitable 
deeds were numberless, and not often made 
known to the public. Truly of him can be 
said, that the poor, the widow, the orphan, 
the needy, the sick, or the friendless never 
appealed to him in vain. St. Peter's Hospital 
is the joint gift of Mrs. Cagger and ^liss 
Mary C. Cagger to his memory, his devoted 
wife and daughter, who understood his incli- 
nation. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



561 



As a friend he was loyal and true, never 
found wanting. He was a man of winning 
temperament, possessed of a large heart, ami- 
able in disposition, genial and buoyant in 
character. His life, it is said by one who 
knew him well, was a "Series of happy an- 
titheses." A Democrat of the Democrats, 
bold, sagacious, and widely known as a par- 
tisan, on some occasions almost the sole dar- 
ing manager of the interests of a great party. 
He was an absolute controller of its local, 
state and national destiny. As a leader he 
could attract without effort. In seasons of 
fierce political excitement he became the most 
potential among those of antagonistic senti- 
ment, and he numbered among his friends his 
most bitter political opponents. His brother- 
in-law, W'illiam Cassicly, editor and proprietor 
of the Albany Argus, penned the following 
graphic estimate of him, which appeared on 
July 8, 1868, as a portion of an editorial, and 
which is the truest sketch anyone can draw. 
"Familiar to mind and heart from pleasant 
associations of early manhood, a bold, true 
and powerful friend and ally in the bitter 
partisan conflicts which are part of our State 
and National history, and finally endeared to 
us by sacred social ties and sympathies, we 
cannot disguise the shock communicated by 
this sad event. Friend and political foe, for 
his only foes were such, poor and rich alike, 
were paralyzed, as it were, by the awful dis- 
pensation, and as memory recalled the cheer- 
ful countenance, the unflagging, delightful 
gayety of manner, and withal the sterling 
good, the kindly heart, and the powerful in- 
tellect that lay concealed beneath these ap- 
pearances, more than one sympathizing tear 
fell from 'eyes unused to weep.' Arrived at 
that sedate and fortunate maturity, when 
judgment succeeds passion, and impulse yields 
to reflection ; blessed with a devoted family, 
and surrounded with affectionate and admir- 
ing friends, possessed too of a vigorous physi- 
cal constitution, and a uniformly happy tem- 
perament, he might seemingly have justly 
claimed a little longer lease of life. With an 
administrative capacity absolutely marvelous, 
with a power of accomplishing with amazing 
facility the most diverse business, once out of 
his office, he v\'as essentially a domestic man, 
and gracefully relinquished all traces of the 
annoying cares of active life. Admired by his 
friends, respected by his opponents, a public- 
spirited citizen, a true-hearted gentleman." 

Mr. Cagger had an elder brother, Michael, 
who was a young man of great promise, of a 
thoughtful, philosophic turn of mind. Bril- 
liant in his speech, he attracted the attention 
of many distinguished men, who discovered in 



him unmistakable elements of future great- 
ness, but he died in the prime of life at Liver- 
pool, where he had gone in a sailing vessel 
for his health. Another brother, William, was 
for a time engaged in business in Albany, and 
afterwards employed in the New York cus- 
tom house. While holding that position he 
died. 

Mr. Cagger's first wife was Maria Maher, 
daughter of James Maher, who for a con- 
siderable period held the position of state 
librarian. In the war of 181 2 he was the 
gallant captain of the company styled the 
"Irish Greens," a military organization origi- 
nated in Albany, and which bore a prominent 
part in the famous conflict at Sacketts Har- 
bor. His daughter by his first wife, Mary C. 
Cagger, was born in Albany. Miss Cagger 
has made her home for many years in the 
Convent of the Sacred Heart at Kenwood, 
near Albany. The religious quiet of the 
place and its beautiful location created an at- 
mosphere entirely suited to her temperament. 
It is there she was living in 1910. 

Mr. Cagger married for his second wife 
Elizabeth Cassidy, a sister of William Cassidy, 
prominently known for a long time as the 
versatile editor of the Albany Argus, and 
likewise its proprietor. Six children were 
born to them: i. Elisabeth, born in Albany, 
died in Heidelberg, Germany, and buried in 
Rome, Italy. Over her grave and that of 
her mother in the cemetery of San Lorenzo 
the remaining family have erected a beautiful 
chapel in which Mass can be said. The ceme- 
tery is in charge of the Capuchin Monks, and 
extends over the catacombs of San Lorenzo 
outside the walls of Rome. 2. Frances, born 
in Albany, died there an infant. 3. Margaret, 
born in Albany, died in infancy. 4. Susanna, 
died in Montpellier, France, and buried there. 
5. Peter, born in Albany, died in Paris, and 
buried in the cemetery of Pere-la-Chaise. 6. 
William C, the youngest, born in Albany in 
1867, and living in Aix-les-Bains, France, in 
1910. He married Jeanne, daughter of Doc- 
tor Guilland, a celebrated French physician, 
and has three children, Jean Pierre, Louise 
Elisabeth and George. 



This name is illustrious in the 
CARR military annals of the state of New 

York, made so by the life and dis- 
tinguished services of Brevet Major General 
Joseph R. Carr, a rank and title conferred 
"for gallant and meritorious services during 
the war." He was of the second generation 
of his family in the United States ; his parents 
being natives of Ireland. They came to this 
country in 1824. 



562 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



(H) Joseph Bradford, son of William and 
Ann Carr, was born in the city of Albany, 
New York, August i6, 1828, died at Troy, 
February 24, 1895. He grew up in Albany 
and Troy, in which latter city he was in the 
tobacco business from 1842 until 1861. He 
early displayed his love of a military life. On 
arriving at the age of twenty-one he joined 
the Troy Guards. He served in the ranks 
one year, when he was commissioned second 
lieutenant. He rose rapidly through successive 
ranks until he was colonel of the Twenty- 
fourth Regiment New York State Militia, 
assuming command July 10, 1859, continuing 
until the firing upon Fort Sumter, when he 
at once offered his services to his country. 
April 15, 1 861, the Second Regiment New 
York Volunteers was organized in Troy ; on 
May 10, he was elected colonel ; four days 
later the regiment was mustered into the 
United States service for a term of two 
years. On May 24 the regiment camped near 
Hampton, being the first regiment to encamp 
on the "sacred soil of Virginia." Their first 
battle was "Big Bethel," where they were 
forced to retreat ; they were at Newport News 
until ]\Iay 10, 1862, when Colonel Carr re- 
moved his command to Portsmouth, where he 
was assigned to the command of a provisional 
brigade, consisting of the Second and Tenth 
New York regiments and Howard's light bat- 
tery. June 10. he was ordered with the Sec- 
ond regiment to report to General McClellan 
at Fair Oaks. He proceeded to the extreme 
front, where he was assigned to General Frank 
Patterson's brigade, Hooker's division. Third 
Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac. 
Owing to absence of its regular commander. 
Colonel Carr was temporarily assigned to the 
Third Brigade, familiarly known as the Jersey 
Brigade, which he led throughout the battle 
of the Orchards, June 25, and through the 
historical "Seven Days" fighting. On General 
Patterson's return Colonel Carr resumed com- 
mand of his regiment at Harrison's Landing. 
On July 2, by order of General Hooker, he 
superseded General Patterson's ; remaining at 
the head of the brigade until promoted by 
President Lincoln upon the personal recom- 
mendation of General Hooker "for gallant 
and meritorious services in the field" to be a 
Brigadier-General of Volunteers, commission 
dating from September 7, 1862. His courage 
and coolness under fire was illustrated at the 
battle of Bristoe Station ; with a murderous 
storm of shot and shell that burst upon his 
men, General Carr moved about, cheering 
them on and encouraging them by his own 
daring. His horse was shot under him ; he 
coolly mounted an orderly's horse and success- 



fully charged the enemy. He gained on that 
day the title of "Hero of Bristoe," which ever 
afterward clung to him. He took part in the 
battle of Bull Run, August 30 and 31, and at 
Chantilly, September 3, when the gallant 
Kearney fell. In these battles he fully sus- 
tained his reputation for courageous, daring 
conduct. September 17, he was transferred to 
the First Brigade, composed of troops from 
Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and New Hamp- 
shire. December 13 and 14, participated in 
the bloody fight at Fredericksburg, where he 
lost heavily in officers and men. January 12, 
1863, he commanded an expedition to Rappa- 
hannock Bridge. March 30, he was officially 
notified by the Secretary of War that the 
Senate having failed to act upon his nomina- 
tion, he had ceased to be an officer of the 
army. General Hooker, then in command of 
the Army of the Potomac, proceeded at once 
to Washington, and on the following day 
telegraphed General Carr that President Lin- 
coln had reappointed him, to date from March 
3, 1863. At Chancellorsville, May 3, after 
the death of General Berry, he succeeded to 
the command of Hooker's old division, the 
white-patched heroes. He sustained the repu- 
tation he had made on other hard-fought 
fields, and was made the subject of special, 
laudatory mention in the official report by 
Major General Sickles, the Corps commander. 
July I. 1863, Major General Humphreys as- 
sumed command of the division and General 
Carr returned to his brigade. June 15 he 
moved with the Army of the Potomac to 
Gettysburg, where on July 2 and 3 he par- 
ticipated in that memorable battle. During 
that fight he was mounted upon a valuable 
horse, presented him by friends in Troy, until 
the noble animal fell, pierced by five bullets, 
in the fall injuring the general's leg. Ex- 
hausted and lame as he was. General Carr 
refused to retire, but mounted another horse, 
and continued directing the movements of his 
brigade. He lost heavily in this battle — 
nearly two-thirds of his force — while not one 
of his stafif, orderlies or headquarters horses 
escaped injury. After the battle the division 
general and officers of the brigade assembled 
at headquarters and complimented him upon 
his gallantry. Major-General U. A. Hum- 
phreys, in his official report of the battle, 
spoke of him and said : "I wish particularly 
to commend to notice the cool courage, deter- 
mination and skillful handling of their troops 
of the two brigade commanders, Brigadier- 
General Joseph B. Carr and Colonel William 
R. Brewster, and to ask attention to the offi- 
cers mentioned by them, as distinguished by 
their conduct." After Gettysburg he was at 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



563 



the battle of Wapping, and in temporary camp 
at Warrenton, Virginia. October 5 he was 
assigned to the head of the Third Division, 
Third Corps, advanced to Warrenton Junc- 
tion, and participated in tlie battles at Brandy 
Station and Kelly's Ford. In November he 
was one of the principal actors in the battles 
of Locust Grove, Robinson's Tavern, and 
Mine Run. In April, 1864, on the reorganiza- 
tion of the army, he was assigned to the com- 
mand of the Fourth Division, Second Corps 
(Hancock's), retaining command until or- 
dered by General Grant to report to General 
Butler, commanding the Army of the James, 
who placed him in command of the exterior 
line of defense on the Peninsula, headquarters 
at Yorktown. Early in July, 1864, he was 
ordered by General Butler to evacuate York- 
town and report to him at the front for 
assignment. Obeying his order, he was sent 
to Major-General E. O. C. Ord, who placed 
him in command of the First and Third Divis- 
ion of the Eighteenth Corps. August 4, he 
was given command of the First Division of 
tWe same corps and occupied the right of 
the line in front of Petersburg. He retained 
this command until October i, when he was 
placed in command of the defense of the 
James river, headquarters at Wilson's Land- 
ing. Here he remained seven months, during 
which he built two important forts and 
strengthened the defenses. May 20, 1865, he 
was transferred to City Point, where he re- 
mained until the close of the war. June i, 
1865, he was brevetted major-general, "for 
gallant and meritorious services during the 
war," to rank as such from March 13, 1865. 
On being relieved of command, he returned to 
Troy, where he was mustered out of the ser- 
vice. January 25, 1867, he was appointed by 
the Governor of New York, major-general 
of the Third Division New York State Militia, 
where he rendered valuable service during 
railroad riots of 1877, at Albany, dispersing 
the mob and restoring peace and order with- 
out the sacrifice of life or property. He re- 
mained in this command until his death at 
Troy in 1895. He was given an imposing 
military funeral on February 27 from St. 
Peters Roman Catholic Church, Troy. The 
body lay in state and was viewed by thou- 
sands, officers of the army, governors, states- 
men, representatives of every department of 
the service, and a vast concourse of his fel- 
low citizens attended. He'had won distinction 
by real work and gallant performance amid 
the danger of bloody contests, and all "de- 
lighted to do him honor." After retiring from 
official duty as Secretary of State, General 
Carr entered the manufacturing field as the 



senior partner of J. B. Carr & Company, 
operating the extensive chain manufacturing 
works established in 1866, located between 
Troy and Lansingburg. He continued at the 
head of the concern until his death. He be- 
came a factor in the development of other 
business enterprises of Troy. He was a direc- 
tor of the Mutual National Bank; second 
vice-president and director of the Troy City 
Railway Company. He was reared in the 
Catholic church and never departed from that 
faith. He was a Repubhcan and received the 
unanimous nomination of his party in conven- 
tion at Saratoga, September 3, 1879, for Sec- 
retary of State. He was elected by a large 
majority; re-elected in 1881, and again in 
1883. In 1885 he was the Republican candi- 
date for Lieutenant-Governor of the state, but 
was defeated at the polls. He was highly 
esteemed at home and abroad, many organiza- 
tions bestowing honorary membership upon 
him. He was a companion of the Loyal Le- 
gion, and a Comrade of Post Williard Grand 
Army of the Republic ; member of the Sec- 
ond Regiment Association, Third Army Corps 
Association; the Old Guard of New York; 
the Ninth Regiment Troy Citizens' Corps, 
Burgess Corps of Albany ; vice-president 
Renssalaer County Soldiers and Sailors Mon- 
ument Association ; trustee of New York 
State Gettysburg Monument Association ; the 
Troy and Ionic Clubs of Troy. 

He married Mary Gould, born in Canada 
in 1837, who survives him. Children : Mary, 
resided with her mother; William Gould (see 
forward). 

(Ill) William Gould, only son of Major- 
General Joseph B. and Mary (Gould) Carr, 
was born in Troy, where he was educated. 
Fie was interested in the J. B. Carr & Com- 
pany Chain Works at Troy, and is now in 
business in New York. He married Hattie 
Anne French, born in Bradford, New York, 
daughter of Iras Cressey and Hester Maria 
(Gowey) French. Children: Joseph B., born 
1893 : Marjorie, 1895 ; both born in Lansing- 
burgh. 



The history of the English-speak- 
CARR ing family of the Carrs and Kerrs 

is as old as the Norman Conquest 
of England. One of the followers of \\'illiam 
the Conqueror, taken from a roll in "Battle 
Abbey," bears the name of "Karre." The 
early posterity of this Norman soldier settled 
in the north of England, and succeeding gen- 
erations spread on both sides of the border- 
land of England and Scotland and afterward 
into northern Ireland. The name has passed 
through many changes and variations and is 



564 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



found in the old documents spelled Carre, 
Carr, Car, Karre, Karr, Kar, Kerre, Kerr, 
Ker. There is almost as much variation in 
the colors and mottoes of the coats-of-arms 
of the various branches of the family. The 
ancient and original arms — three mullets or 
etoibles on a chevron ; crest : a hart's head, has 
been generally adhered to, but a wide play 
given to coloring and motto. The earliest 
definite Carr records pertaining to the an- 
cestry of the American family go back to four 
brothers — Benjamin, William, George and 
James Carr, who were born in London. The 
eldest son Benjamin is the American progen- 
itor. William Carr married Susan Rothchild 
and came to America in 1621 on the ship 
"Fortune," Captain Roger Williams, and was 
a founder of the town of Bristol, Rhode 
Island. George Carr married Lucinda Daven- 
port, and came to America in 1620, on the 
"Mayflower," as ship carpenter. He was 
granted an island in the Merrimac river that 
was in possession of the family a great many 
years. James Carr ran away from home, 
went to sea, afterward became a sea captain. 
He was drowned while on a voyage from the 
West Indies to Boston. It is not known that 
he had a family. 

(I) Benjamin Carr was born in London, 
England, August 18, 1592. He married Mar- 
tha Hardington in London, September 2, 1613. 
They both died in London. Children: i. 
Robert, see forward. 2. Caleb, born Decem- 
ber 9, 1616. 3. Richard, Januarj' 5, 1621. 4. 
Andrew, December 5, 1622. 

(II) Robert, eldest son of Benjamin and 
Martha (Hardington) Carr, was born in 
London, England, October 14, 1614, came to 
America with his brother Caleb (afterward 
governor of the colony) on the ship "Eliza- 
beth Ann," Captain Roger Cooper, sailing 
from London, May 9, 1635. These two 
brothers were both minors and were sent to 
America after the death of their parents, to 
live with their uncle, William Carr, who had 
previously settled in Bristol, Rhode Island. 
A few years later the two brothers settled in 
Newport. Robert Carr was admitted an in- 
habitant in Portsmouth, February 21, 1639, 
and a freeman in Newport. March 16, 1641. 
He was one of the original purchasers of 
Conanicut Island, in Narragansett Bay, con- 
taining six thousand acres. He owned con- 
siderable property in Newport. He died in 
1681, and his will was probated October 4, 
1681. The name of his wife is not known 
nor when she died. Children: i. Caleb, see 
forward. 2. Elizabeth, married (first) James 
Brown, (second) Samuel Gardiner. 3. Mary, 
married John Hicks. 4. Robert (2), married 



Elizabeth Lawton. 5. Esek, married Susanna 

. 6. Margaret, married Richard Harts- 

horne, an eminent Quaker; settled in Middle- 
town, New Jersey. 

(III) Caleb, eldest child of Robert Carr, 
the American ancestor, was born in Newport, 
Rhode Island, and lived in Jamestown, Rhode 
Island, on land willed him by his father. He 
died in 1690. His will, made in Jamestown, 
was dated "Jan 27 ist of William K. of Gt.B." 
His wife was executrix of the estate. He 
married Phillis Greene, born October 7, 
1658, daughter of Deputy Governor John 
Greene, of Warwick, Rhode Island. Qiil- 
dren: i. Robert (2), died young. 2. Caleb 
(2), see forward. 3. William, married Abi- 
gail Baker. 4. Robert, married Hannah Hale. 
5. Job. married IMehitable Sherman. 6. Mary. 
7. Phillis, married Edward Boss. Mrs. Phil- 
lis (Greene) Carr survived her husband and 
married (second) Charles Dickinson. 

(IV) Caleb (2), second child of Caleb (i) 
and Phillis (Greene) Carr, was born in 
Jamestown, Rhode Island, March 26, 1679. 
He settled in West Greenwich, Rhode Islahd, 
in 1 73 1, and bought two hundred and eighty- 
two and one-half acres of land bounded on 
one side by what was afterwards known as 
"Carr's Pond." He deeded one hundred 
acres of land to each of his sons Joseph and 
William, later deeded land to son Charles and 
by will gave his property to his five sons. 
He married (first) April 30, 1701, Joanna 
Slocum, born in Jamestown, January 2, 1680, 
died December 30, 1708. He married (sec- 
ond) Mary , in 1712. Children by 

first wife: i. Caleb (3), see forward. 2. Jo- 
seph, married Percilla . 3. Patience, 

married Joseph Slocum. 4. Mary. 5. Wil- 
liam, married Elizabeth Gary. Children by 
second wife: 6. Benajah, married Louisa 
. 7. Captain Charles, married Han- 
nah Hopkins, of East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island. He was a deacon of the Baptist 
church for thirty years, a member of the as- 
sembly, also a sheriff of Kent county at the 
time thirteen pirates were hung at the yard 
arms of the ships lying in the bay at East 
Greenwich. 

(V) Caleb (3), son of Caleb (2) and Jo- 
anna (Slocum) Carr, was born in Jamestown, 
Rhode Island, November 6, 1702, died in 
East Greenwich, Rhode Island, 1769. He 
lived on the farm devised him by his father 
and added to his • possessions. He married 

Sarah , born November 8, 171 1. died 

November, 1798. Children: i. Patience, born 
August 7, 1729. 2. ]\Iary, married Thomas 
Rogers. 3. Rebecca, married Job Harring- 
ton. 4. Susanna, married Nicholas Whitford. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



565 



5. Robert, married Rebecca Brayton. 6. Mere- 
bah, married Job Greene. 7. Comfort, mar- 
ried Benjamin Greene. 8. Caleb (4), mar> 
ried Abigail Very and settled in Stephentown, 
New York. 9. Eleazer, see forward. 10. 
Joshua, married Sarah Stafford. 11. Rich- 
mond, married Mary Richmond. 12. Edward; 
had five wives, but his children, eleven in 
number, were all by his first wife, Eleanor 
.Spencer. He was one of the founders of the 
Baptist church at Stephentown, New York. 
He died at the age of ninety-two years ; for 
3. number of years before his death he was 
both blind and deaf. 13. Thurston, married 
Audrey Spencer. With this generation the 
family appear in New York records. 

(VI) Eleazer, ninth child of Caleb (3) and 
Sarah Carr, was born in West Greenwich, 
Rhode Island, April 22, 1746. He settled in 
Rensselaer county, New York, where he died 
July 19, 1816. He married Eleanor Stafford, 
who died October 26, 1813. Children, all 
born in Rensselaer county. New York: i. 
Stafford, married Catherine Stafford and 
moved to Saratoga county, New York ; issue, 
ten children. 2. Stutely, settled in Salisbury, 
New York ; he was a minister and held a cap- 
tain's commission in the New York state 
militia, signed by Governor Clinton, dated 
March 5, 1802. He married Sybil Dyer, who 
bore him sixteen children. He died in Spring, 
■Crawford county, Pennsylvania. 3. Cather- 
ine. 4. Eleazer (2), see forward. 5. Eleanor, 
married Silas Thompson. 6. Olive, married 
Wanton Sweet. 

(VII) Eleazer (2), fourth child of Eleazer 
(i) and Eleanor (Stafford) Carr, was born 
in Rensselaer county, New York, in 1777, 
died August 26, 1833. He settled in Salis- 
bury, Herkimer county. New York, where he 
died. He married Hannah Hakes, born 1779, 
died November 30, 1857. Children: i. Or- 
menda, married, in Salisbury, Harry Burrell 
and had issue. 2. Vienna, married, in Salis- 
bury, Thomas A. Rice and had issue. 3. 
Malvin, born 1806, died 1829. 4. Eleazer (3), 
see forward. 

(VIII) Eleazer (3), youngest child of 
Eleazer (2) and Hannah (Hakes) Carr, was 
born in Salisbury, New York, December 9, 
181 1, died September 18, 1869. He was a 
farmer of Herkimer county. He married, in 
Salisbury, January 5, 1832, Hannah Raynor. 
Children, all born in Salisbury, Herkimer 
county, New York: i. Lyman Hakes, May 
9, 1834, died June 18, 1868; married, De- 
cember 8, 1859, Susan L. Starkey and had 
issue: Mary Ellen, Eleazer Starkey, and Ly- 
man Hakes (2), settled in St. Paul, Minne- 
sota. 2. Eliza, May 2, 1836; married Hinton 



S. Loyd ; children : Effie DeKlyn and Fred- 
erick Osborn Loyd. 3. Malvin L., February 
9, 1838, married Mary J. Rice and had Ida 
May, died in childhood ; Herman Rice, and 
Charles J. Carr. 4. Ormenda, February 3, 
1840; married Richard E. Whitney; children: 
Grant Carr and Lillie Whitney. 5. Lewis 
Eleazer, see forward. 

(IX) Lewis Eleazer, youngest child of 
Eleazer (3) and Hannah (Raynor) Carr, was 
born in Salisbury, Herkimer county. New 
York, March 10, 1842. He was educated in 
the town public schools, at Falley Seminary, 
Fulton, New York, and Fairfield Academy, 
Herkimer county, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1861. He spent two years in farm- 
ing, but deciding upon the profession of law, 
he entered Albany Law School, graduating in 
1864. He spent one year in the law office of 
Sherman S. Rogers in Buffalo, New York, 
where he made the acquaintance and had for a 
room-mate Grover Cleveland, later twice 
elected president of the United States. He be- 
gan the practice of his profession in Port 
Jervis, New York, in July 1865, remaining 
there in successful practice until 1893. He 
became prominent in both the law and politics. 
For five years, 1869-74, he was in partnership 
with O. P. Howell, later surrogate of Orange 
county. In 1871 Mr. Carr was elected district 
attorney of Orange county, held office for the 
ensuing three years. During his twenty-eight 
years of residence in Port Jervis, he served 
sixteen years of them as a member of the 
board of education. In 1893 he removed to 
Albany, New York, having been appointed 
chief attorney for the Delaware & Hudson Ca- 
nal Company, especially retained for the legal 
business of the railroad department of that 
company. While in Port Jervis from 1872 he 
was attorney for New York, Lake Erie & 
Western Railroad, having charge of their busi- 
ness in the three adjoining counties of Orange, 
Sullivan and Delaware. He was successful in 
his legal practice and stood high among his 
brethren of the profession. While he confined 
himself almost exclusively to legal business, 
he had other outside interests. He was inter- 
ested in Port Jen'is National Bank, which he 
served as a director for eight years. Since 
locating in Albany he has confined himself to 
his railroad practice. He is a member of the 
State and County Bar associations : the Law- 
yers' Club, of New York City ; the Triton of 
Canada ; the Fort Orange club of Albany. He 
was prominent in the Masonic fraternity in 
Port Jer\'is, where he was high priest of Nev- 
ersink Chapter. Royal Arch Masons, and for 
seven years eminent commander of Delaware 
Commandery, Knights Templar. He married. 



566 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



in 1865, Ruth, daughter of Matthias Duke, an 
officer in the British army, stationed at Kings- 
ton, Canada. Her maternal grandfather, John 
Gallagher, was an officer in the English army, 
was with Lord Wellington at Waterloo, where 
the star of the great Napoleon forever set ; 
was with the British forces in the United 
States during the war of 1812, and was the 
officer in command at Eastport, Maine, sur- 
rendering it to the American forces. Chil- 
dren: I. Raymond W., born June 13, 1869. 
2. Lewis Eleazer, June 27. 1871. 3. William 
Duke, October 26, 1874. 



Hugh McElroy, from Scot- 
McELROY land, went to county Down, 
I r el a n d, about 1685. and 
bought a tract of land in the parish of Bally- 
nahinch, about twenty miles south of Belfast. 
He was father of three sons : John, see for- 
ward, Hugh and Robert. 

(H) John, son of Hugh McElroy, lived and 
died in county Down, Ireland. He was born 
about 1710, and lived until near the end of 
the century. He married twice and was fa- 
ther of the following children: i. Hugh, see 
forward. 2. John, married Sarah Erwin. 
3. Prudence, married a Mr. McKee. 4. Betsy, 
married a Mr. McKee. 5. Mary, married a 
Mr. Smith. 6. Ann, married a Mr. McKnight. 
7. Joseph. 8. Jane, married a Mr. Grove. 

(HI) Hugh (2), son of John McElroy, 
came to America about the year 1760, and 
settled at Big Springs, Cumberland county, 
Pennsylvania. He married, at Big Springs, 
about the year 1783. Ann Scroggs, a native of 
Scotland. They resided most of their days 
in Mifflin county, now Juniata county, Penn- 
sylvania, at first in Lost Creek Valley and 
later near the village of Mexico on the Juniata. 
He died March 2, 1813, and his wife died in 
181 1. Children: i. Alexander, born March 
6, 1784. 2. Prudence, married Robert Robin- 
son. 3. Ann. 4. Hugh. 5. John. 6. Ebene- 
zer Erskine, see forward. 

(IV) Ebenezer Erskine, son of Hugh (a) 
McElroy, was born in Mifflin county, Penn- 
sylvania, December 22, 1791, died March 31, 
1845. In the spring of the year 1813, with 
his father-in-law and family, he went west ; 
they traveled in wagons by the way of Burnt 
Cabins, Bedford and Washington, Pennsyl- 
vania, and by way of Wheeling and Zanesville, 
to Chillicothe, Ohio. There they stopped for 
a year or two, Ebenezer E. McElroy and his 
brother-in-law, David Ghormley, being en- 
gaged as army teamsters, hauling goods from 
Portsmouth to Columbus. At the close of the 
war of 181 2, Mr. McElroy removed to Fayette 
county, where he purchased a tract of land of 



five hundred acres, four miles north of Green- 
field, Highland county, cleared away the tim- 
ber, built himself a house and permanently set- 
tled there. He was an intelligent and success- 
ful farmer, his grain, apples and dressed pork- 
ers bringing in the highest market prices. He 
and his wife were charter members, in 1820, 
of the Presbyterian church of Greenfield. He 
met his death in a tragic manner, being killed 
by a falling tree while engaged in fighting a 
forest fire. He married, April 13, 1813, Sarah, 
daughter of Thomas Ghormley. Children: i. 
Judith Ann, born 1815, died 1892: married, 
1834, James B. Curran. 2. Jane, 1817, died 
1896; married William Templeton. 3. Hugh, 
1820; married (first), 1845, Martha Kerr; 
(second), 1881, Mrs. Rosanna B. Wright. 

4. Margaret, 1823. married Robert Kerr. 

5. Thomas Ghormley, see forward. 6. John 
McConnell, January 21, 1830, married, Sep- 
tember II, 1855, Agnes Greer. 

(V) Thomas Ghormley, son of Ebenezer E. 
and Sarah (Ghormley) McElroy, was born 
in Fayette county, Ohio, on the homestead. 
May 29, 1827, and was killed in a railway acci- 
dent, February 4, 1865. He resided near 
Greenfield, was a farmer, stock raiser, and 
soldier in the civil war. He was an intense 
Abolitionist. His home in southern Ohio 
was a station of the underground railroad, 
and he assisted many slaves to reach Canada 
and freedom. He at one time had a party 
of thirty in concealment. Many exciting inci- 
dents of adventure in nmning the slaves were 
narrated by him to his children in the years 
of quietness that followed those stirring times. 
The region of his home was often raided by 
the Confederate Morgan, and he enlisted in 
the forces to protect the state from that dar- 
ing raider. On one occasion his regiment was 
captured by Morgan. After his death the fol- 
lowing resolutions were adopted : "We, the 
Committee appointed by the Perry Township 
Military Association, to draft resolutions of 
respect to our late brother, Thomas G. Mc- 
Elroy, report the following: 

"Whereas, we have learned with profound sorrow, 
of the death of Thomas G. McElroy. by the late 
terrible calamity on the Cincinnati and Marietta 
Railroad ; therefore. 

"Resolved, That we testify to his exalted char- 
acter for pure patriotism and perfect integrity, and 
shall ever remember him as a noble example of 
modest worth, manly frankness and christian cour- 
tesy. 

"Resolved, That by his death the country has lost 
an active and useful citizen and society an enter- 
prising and philanthropic leader, and we, a beloved 
friend. 

"Resolved, That we tender to his bereaved family, 
in their sore affliction, our sincere sympathy. 

"Resolved, That these Resolutions be published 





'P/M;7^JUy, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



567 



in the Fayette County Herald, and tliat a copy of 
them be sent to the bereaved family. 

Matthew Anderson, 

Wm. C. Ever, 

M. P. Perdue, 

Joseph S. Jones, 

C. Meade, 

Committee. 

Thomas Ghormley McElroy married, (n 
1848, Esther Kerr. Children: i. Ebenezer 
Erskine, born February 16, 1849; married 
(first). Belle Hamilton; (second) Elizabeth 
Milner; children by first wife: Thomas C, 
Carl E., Walter H., Ralph and Evelyn ; chil- 
dren by second wife : Edna and Edith. 2. 
Robert N., October 2, 1850, married, Decem- 
ber 23, 1874, Almena Clemantine Mead ; chil- 
dren: Thomas G. and Bertha. 3. James Fin- 
ney, see forward. 4. Mary, October 10, 1854, 
married, December 18, 1881, Oscar Dimcan ; 
children : Esther E. and John McElroy. 5. 
John Mercer, April 6, 1859, married, 1882, 
Ella Milner; children: Mayna Kate, Robert 
Owen, Nellie F., Esther P., Fred, Mary and 
Ruth. 6. Hugh Nevin, January 26, i860, mar- 
ried, 1882, Emma Duncan; children: Ethel 
May (deceased) and Arthur. 

(VI) James Finney, son of Thomas Ghorm- 
ley and Esther (Kerr) McElroy, was born in 
Fayette county, Ohio, on his father's farm, 
November 25, 1852. He received his pre- 
liminary education in the public schools of 
his county, prepared for college at South 
Salem and Bloomingburg, Ohio, and gradu- 
ated from Dartmouth College in 1876. He 
was principal of the Indiana Institution for the 
Blind at Indianapolis four years, and superin- 
tendent for seven years of the Institution for 
the Blind at Lansing, Michigan. At Dart- 
mouth, along with the classical course, he 
had pursued special studies in mathematics 
and chemistry. These were continued at 
Indianapolis and Lansing with original investi- 
gations and experiments. During these years 
he brought out a number of useful inven- 
tions. In 1887 he organized a company for 
manufacturing some of his inventions. The 
McElroy Car Heating Company. This was 
later combined with the Sewell Car Heating 
Company, forming the Con.solidated Car Heat- 
ing Company, of Albany, New York. They 
manufacture and sell to railroads heating ap- 
paratus of all kinds, in which steam, hot 
water, fire and electricity are used. These 
are based upon patents, mostly taken out by 
Mr. McElroy. The patents issued to Mr. 
McElroy up to the present time in the United 
States, Canada and Europe number over three 
hundred. He is acting president and consult- 
ing engineer of the company. 

In all matters pertaining to mechanical 



heating, whether it be by electricity, steam, 
hot water or oil, he is rated an expert and is 
sought in consultation on a great deal of the 
most important work. Not only for consul- 
tation, but for instruction, are his professional 
services in demand before conventions and 
societies of skilled engineers, and before rail- 
road men's associations. He is as well known 
in the west as in the east, his papers and ad- 
dresses appearing in the printed proceedings 
of both the New England and Western Rail- 
road clubs. So high does he stand in his pro- 
fession that in 1895 t'^e American Street Rail- 
road Association, in session at Montreal. Can- 
ada, listened and approved the address he read 
before them by invitation, on electrical heat- 
ing. Part of this paper had previously been 
read before the New -York Street Railway 
Association, and was printed in full in the 
proceedings of both bodies. He was invited 
to and delivered a lecture on "Electric Light- 
ing of Steam Lines," before the students and 
faculty of the Boston Institute of Technology. 
The system of heating street cars, invented 
and patented by ]Mr. McElroy, is in universal 
use all over the world. His patents, collected 
and bound, fill three large volumes. His 
specialty is the law of physics and electric 
heat and light. Two sides of his large library, 
from floor to ceiling, are filled with volumes 
treating only of electricty. He holds member- 
ship in many leading mechanical and profes- 
sional societies, among them : The American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers and the 
American Institute of Electrical Engineers. 
He was one of the organizers of the Society 
of Engineers of Eastern New York (now 
numbering three hundred and seventy-five 
members) ; was president of the society, and 
on the board of directors, since its organiza- 
tion. 

Eminent as he is in his profession and in 
the world of business, he has made his influ- 
ence felt in educational aiifairs of his state. 
His advocacy of the cause of industrial edu- 
cation has been persistent and forceful. His 
paper read before the department of superin- 
tendence of the National Educational Associa- 
tion, at Washington, D. C, 1908. entitled: 
"The Most Urgent Need of Our Educational 
System," made a deep impression, coming as 
it did from the practical man of business and 
not from a theorist. This paper was followed 
by the organization of a New York branch 
of the National Society for the Promotion of 
Industrial Education. Mr. McElroy being 
chosen president. He had spoken much on 
this subject before school boards, urging the 
establishment of industrial schools. He is 
chairman of the committee of the Albany 



568 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



chamber of commerce that has jurisdiction 
over that subject, and a result is now seen in 
the Alban}' Industrial School, established in 
the spring- of 1908. He presided at the state 
meeting in Rochester, held in 1909, that dealt 
with this all-important subject of industrial 
education. 

Since coming to Albany in 1887 he has 
identiiied himself with other business interests 
of the city. He is a director of the Albany 
Exchange Savings Bank, and has served two 
terms as president of the chamber of com- 
merce and has been on the board of directors 
since organization. He is a director of the 
Albany Mutual Insurance Company, and for 
a time of the Hudson Valley Electric Railroad 
Company and the United Traction Company. 
He is a director of the Albany Institute and 
Historical and Art Society, and chairman of 
the building committee who had in charge the 
erection of the present fine home of the so- 
ciety on Washington avenue, Albany, also is 
a trustee of the Albany Orphan x\sylura, and 
devotes a great deal of time and interest to 
that institution. He is president of the Wood- 
lawn Improvement Association, that has done 
so much for the betterment of that section of 
Albany. He was one of the organizers of 
the University Club of Albany, was vice- 
president and for two terms president and 
since organization has served as trustee. Dur- 
ing his term as president the club purchased 
the present fine quarters. He is a member 
of the Fort Orange and the Aurania clubs of 
Albany. He has been president of the Burns 
Club, and thereby declared his devotion to 
and pride in the land of his ancestry. He is 
a member of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Albany, which he has served for fifteen years 
as trustee. In political afifairs he acts with 
the Republican party. He has been active 
locally, presiding at city conventions, served 
as school commissioner, and added his full 
share to the cause of good and useful schools. 

He married, July 9, 1879, Susie, daughter 
of John Hale, of Newbury, Vermont. Chil- 
dren: I. John Hale, born May i, 1880, grad- 
uated from Albany high school, 1809; Dart- 
mouth College, 1903, specializing- in mathe- 
matics. After graduation he entered the em- 
ploy of the state in the state engineer's de- 
partment, Albany. In 1905 he passed the re- 
quired civil service examination and was ap- 
pointed assistant engineer and assigned to 
duty on the Panama canal construction. He 
returned home after a year's absence on duty, 
married, and returned to the Isthmus, where 
he remained until October. 1906, when he re- 
signed to accept an appointment in the state 
engineer's department at Albany, where he 



still continues (1909). He married, June 6, 
1906, Helen Hutchinson, daughter of Profes- 
sor and Helen Hutchinson (Lewis) Boss, of 
the Dudley Observatory. Children : i. Helen, 
born July 29, 1907, died August 5, 1907. 
ii. James Francis, born September 25, 1908; 
iii. Eleanor, born November 8, 1909. 2. Edith, 
December 21, 1883, graduated from Albany 
high school ; entered Smith College, gradu- 
ating in class of 1907. She married, June 2, 
1909, William H. Gardner, of Armstead, Mon- 
tana, a civil engineer, where he has been as- 
sistant to the chief engineer of the Gilmore 
& Pittsburg railroad in Montana. 3. Alice, 
July II, 18S5 ; graduated from Smith College, 
class of 1907, and at the state normal college 
at Albany, 1908. 

(The Hale Line). 
Coffin, in his ''Historj' of Newbury," says 
that Thomas Hale, with his wife, Thomasine, 
came to Newbury in 1635 ; no entry has been 
found, however, in the town or county rec- 
ords, mentioning him at an earlier date than 
August 10, 1638, when he and Baker were 
"appointed haywards." He was the son of 
Thomas and Joan (Kirby) Hale, of the par- 
ish of Walton in Hertfordshire, and was born 
about May or June, 1606. No record of his 
birth is found, but his baptism is recorded in 
the parish church at Walton, June 15, 1606, 
as Thomas Hale, son of "Thomas and Joane." 
Children: i. Thomas, see forward. 2. John, 
born April 19, 1635, in England. 3. Samuel, 
February 2, i63C,-4o, married Sarah Ilsley. 
4. Apphia, 1642, married, November 3, 1659, 
Benjamin Rolfe. 

(II) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) Hale, 
was born probably in England, November 18, 
1633, came to Massachusetts with his father, 
probably in 1637, seems to have always re- 
sided in Newbury, and died there October 22, 
1688. He married, at Salem, May 26, 1657, 
Mary, daughter of Richard and Alice (Bos- 
worth) Hutchinson, of Salem. She was bap- 
tized at North Muskham, county Notts, Eng- 
land, December 28, 1630. Children: i. A 
son, born February 17, 1657-58, died Febru- 
ary 22, 1657-58. 2. Thomas, February ir, 
1658-59, married Sarah Northend. 3. Mary, 
July 15, 1660, married Jewett. 4. Abi- 
gail, April 8, 1662; married Henry Poor. 5. 
Hannah, November 29, 1663, married William 
Peabodj'. 6. Lydia, April 17, 1666, married 
James Platts. 7. Elizabeth, October 16, 1668, 
married Samuel Pickard. 8. Joseph, see for- 
ward. 9. Samuel, June 6, 1674, married 
(first) INIartha Palmer; (second) Sarah (Per- 
ley) Hazen. 

(III) Joseph, son of Thomas (2) Hale, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



569 



was born at Newbury, February 20, 1670-71, 
died February 13, 1761, in Boxford. He was 
called captain, and was a man of considerable 
local standing. He married (first) November 
15, 1693, Mary, daughter of William and 
Sarah (Perley) Watson, of Boxford; married 
(second) Joanna Dodge, of Ipswich, a widow. 
He settled in Boxford as early as 1692. Chil- 
dren by first wife: i. Joseph, born August 
23, 1694, married (first) Mary Hovey ; (sec- 
ond) Widow Sarah Hovey; (third) Widow 
Lydia Brown; (fourth) Widow Susannah 
Fellows. 2. Jacob, married (first) Hannah 
Goodhue; (second) Mary Harriman. 3. Mary, 
October i, 1697, died August 22, 1702. 4. Am- 
brose, July 16, 1699, married (first) Joanna 
Dodge; (second) Hannah Symonds, 5. Ab- 
ner ; see forward. 6. Moses, December 25, 
1701, married Abigail Wainwright. 7. Sarah, 
April 6, 1704, married Jacob Kimball. Chil- 
dren by second wife: 8. Hepzibah, Septem- 
ber 24, 1709, married John Curtis. 9. Lydia, 
March 23, 1710-11; married Nathan Perley. 
10. Margaret, February 23, 1712-13, married 
Amos Kimball. 11. Thomas, January 8, 1714- 
15, married Mary Kimball. 12. John, July 

12, 1717, married Priscilla Peabody. 13. Han- 
nah, April 27, 1719, married Benjamin Batch- 
elder. 14. Benjamin, March 2, 1720-21, died 
1723. 

(IV) Abner, son of Joseph Hale, was born 
in Boxford, August 2, 1700, died August 23, 
1765. He was a farmer. He married (first) 
September 5, 1734, Ruth Perkins; (second) 
November 28, 1737, Keziah Smith, widow of 
Jacob Baker; she died August 23, 1762 ; mar- 
ried (third) July 12, 1763, Eunice Kimball. 
Children by first wife: i. Lucy, born July 

13, 1735, died young. 2. Abner, July 22, 1737, 
married Abigail Goodridge. Children by sec- 
ond wife: 3. Ruth, December 31, 1739, mar- 
ried Abner Curtice. 4. Moses, June 5, 1742, 
married Ruth Foster. 5. Jacob, see forward. 
6. Judith, October 14, 1747 ; married Absalom 

. 7. David, November 24, 1749. 8. 

Amos, May 25, 1752, married Sally Day. 9. 
Nathaniel, September 4, 1754, married Sally 
Perley. 10. Lucy, September 26, 1756, mar- 
ried John Keyes. Child by third wife: 11. 
Samuel, 1764, died in infancy. 

(V) Jacob, son of Abner Hale, was born 
in Boxford, December 8, 1744, died in Win- 
chendon, 183 1. He removed to Winchendon 
in 1770, served in the revolutionary war, 
marched to Lexington on alarm, and as far as 
Cambridge; again out in 1777 at Bennington. 
He married, in Boxford, December 7, 1767, 
Ruth Towne. Children: i. Asa, born Feb- 
ruary 2, 1768, married Sally Hancock. 2. 
Ruth, April 2, 1770, married Leavitt Stoddard. 



3. Anna, June 22, 1772, married Gideon Bal- 
colm. 4. Jacob, June 25, 1774, married Bet- 
sey Brown. 5. Thomas, February 14, 1776. 
6. Abel, November 30, 1777. 7. Mary, De- 
cember II, 1779, married Alexander Dunham. 
8. Nathaniel, September 7, 1782, married Mar- 
garet Hale. 9. Daniel, September 4, 1785. 
10. Joseph, see forward. 11. Miriam, Novem- 
ber 26, 1788, died December 10, 1844. 

(VI) Joseph (2), son of Jacob Hale, was 
born in Winchendon, Massachusetts, February 
21, 1787. He removed to Waterford, Ver- 
mont, in 1808. He married (first) ]\Iary 
Hall; (second) Huldah Brown; (third) Cath- 
erine Johnson. Children of first wife: i. Otis 
Goss, born October 8, 1809. 2. Mary S., Sep- 
tember 18, 1811. 3. Joseph M., July 4, 1813, 
died November 28, 1859. 4. Leonard E., May 
16, 1815. 5. John, August 25, 1817; see for- 
ward. Child of second wife: 6. Alden J., 
born December i, 1822. Children of third 
wife : 7. William F., born January 9, 1834. 
8. Angeline, July 9, 1839. 

(VII) John, son of Joseph (2) Hale, was 
born August 25, 1817, died April 26, 1888. 
He was a merchant ; after the war he became 
a traveling salesman, one of the first to adopt 
that means of selling goods as a regular pro- 
fession. He was a Democrat, and a man of 
much ability. He married (first) Mary Mead, 
of Walpole, New Hampshire; (second) Laura 
Burns Hutchins, September 23, 1828. Re- 
sides with her daughter. Children of first 
wife : John and Mary V. Hale. Children of 
second wife: i. Susie, born in Whitefield, 
New Hampshire, October 8, 1853 ; married 
James Finney McElroy (see McElroy, VI). 
2. James Buchanan, July 13, 1855, merchant 
of Newbury, Vermont ; married Carrie M. 
Kimball, December 7, 1880; children: Mary 
K., born December 27, 1885, graduate of 
Smith College ; Harold Burns, October 23, 
i8go. 



William Cadby was of Birming- 
CADBY ham, England, where he was 

connected with the great manu- 
facturing interests of that city. He died 
about 1865. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas and Mary Elizabeth Wrighton, 
and granddaughter of William and Elizabeth 
Mary Wrighton. William Wrighton died No- 
vember 20, 1792. His wife, Elizabeth Mary, 
October 11, 1789. Thomas Wrighton, born 
1760, died December 17, 1808. His wife, 
Mary Elizabeth, born 1760, died November 
30, 1818. John Wrighton, eldest son of Thom- 
as and Mary Elizabeth ^^'righton, died Feb- 
ruary 28, 1869, in his eighty-first year. "A 
truly honest man." He was a brother of 



57° 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Elizabeth (Wrighton) Cadby. This family, 
so far as known, lived and died in England. 
(H) John H. W., son of William and Eliza- 
beth (Wrighton) Cadby, was born in Birm- 
ingham, England. He was an educated man, 
and a lover of old and rare books in which 
he has dealt all his life. He came to the 
United States in 1871 with seven children, his 
son John W. and two daughters having pre- 
ceded him. He settled in Troy, New York, 
where he was a member of Cluett Son's & 
Company, dealers in pianos and musical in- 
struments. He is now (1910) a resident of 
Utica, New York, practically retired, but keep- 
ing up his lifelong passion for dealing in old 
books. He married, in England, Emily Anne 
Cluett, a sister of George B. Cluett, the Troy, 
New York, manufacturer. She died in Eng- 
land before the family emigration. Children : 
John Wrighton. see forward ; Mary Cluett, 
born January 4, 1854; Emily, November 30, 
1855; EHzabeth, August 22, 1857; Annie, 
August 23, 1859; Percival, June li. 1861 ; 
Florence, January 22, 1863 : Clara, September 
6, 1864; George, June 22, 1866; Lillian, Sep- 
tember 23, 1868. 

(HI) John Wrighton, eldest son of John 
H. W. and Emily Anne (Cluett) Cadby, was 
born in Birmingham, England, August 25, 
1852. He came to the United States at the 
age of seventeen years, in 1869, with two of 
his sisters. He located in Troy, where his ma- 
ternal uncle, George B. Cluett, was engaged 
in the manufacture of shirts and collars. He 
received a positon with him and remained ten 
years, becoming superintendent of the shirt 
department. In 1880 he removed to Albany, 
where he associated with Samuel L. Munson 
in the same capacity, superintendent of shirt 
department. He remained with Mr. Munson 
several years. In 1895 he associated with his 
son, Harold W. Cadby, and established the 
firm of Cadby & Son, paper box manufac- 
turers of Albany, New York. The firm make 
paper boxes of all sorts, sizes and descrip- 
tions, and conduct an extensive and prosper- 
ous business. The love of old books is a rul- 
ing passion with Mr. Cadby ; it is in the blood, 
inherited from his father. While with Mr. 
Munson he began collecting and dealing, final- 
ly establishing a store for their sale. He con- 
tinued this until the present and has a regular 
systematized business, buying and selling old 
and rare books. He issues a catalogue each 
month and has a rare and valuable collection. 
He is thoroughly informed and conceded an 
authority in his special line. His collection of 
American old books, autograph letters, docu- 
ments and antiquities comprises some items 
of rare and unusual interest. He married 



Alida M. Winne. Children: Frank H., mar- 
ried Gertrude Jackman ; Harold W., see for- 
ward ; Paul C, married Florence Montgom- 
ery; William W., unmarried. Alida M. 
Winne, daughter of William Gary Winne, is 
a direct descendant of Pieter Winne. "born 
in the city of Ghent in Planelers," and Tan- 
natje Adams, his wife, "born in the city of 
Leewaerden in Vrieslandt," of the town of 
Bethlehem, Albany county. New York, who 
made a joint will July 6, 1684. 

(IV) Harold \Vinne, son of John W. and 
Alida M. (Winne) Cadby, was born in Troy, 
New York, July 14, 1877. He was educated 
in the common and high schools of Troy and 
Albany. He has the same inherited love of 
old, rare books and antiquities that distin- 
guishes the family, and for a time traveled, 
examining collections and making purchases. 
About 1895 he engaged in the manufacture 
of paper boxes, with his father, forming the 
firm of Cadby & Son ; he is the manager of 
the factory and business. The company is 
successful and find a ready demand for their 
products in Albany and surrounding territor- 
ies. He is a memlDer of the Fort Orange and 
County clubs of Albany, and for five years 
served in Troop B and the Signal Corps of 
the New York Guard. He married, April 18, 
1900, Mabel A., daughter of Dayton and Cath- 
arine Ann (Forbes) Ball (see Ball IX). 

(The Ball Line). 
The Balls of Connecticut were early Puri- 
tans and came from England at an early date. 
Allen or Ailing Ball was a captain of militia 
or train band, and was the progenitor of a 
very large family now settled all over the 
United States. He was a resident of New 
Haven ; married Dorothy . 

(II) Ailing, son of Allen or Ailing Ball, 
married in New Haven, Connecticut, Sarah 
Thompson. 

(III) Edward, son of Ailing and Sarah 
(Thompson) Ball, moved in 1666 to Newark, 
New Jersey, from Branford, Connecticut. He 
was one of the early settlers and founders of 
Newark, where by election and appointment 
he held various offices. He was court mes- 
senger in 1675-77; town attorney, 1679-81-86; 
overseer of the poor, 1692 ; constable, 1683-89; 
surveyor of the highway, 1674-78; high sher- 
iff of Essex county, New Jersey, 1693. 

(IV) Thomas, son of Edward Ball, was 
born in Newark. New Jersey, 1687. died Oc- 
tober 18, 1744: married Sarah Davis and had 
twelve children. 

(V) Ezekiel, fifth child of Thomas and Sar- 
ah (Davis) Ball, was born June 5, 1722, died 
December 26, 1804. He was an architect of 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



571 



note, and selected his home at Middleville 
(Hilton), New Jersey, now a suburb of New- 
ark, importing bricks from England for the 
purpose. His home was known as "Tuscan 
Hall." He was master of St. John's Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Newark, one of 
the oldest masons in the country. He was 
also an inventor of a machine for levelling 
and cutting roads. New Jersey even at that 
early day giving attention to the good roads 
for which she now stands pre-eminent. He 
married May Jones, of Southampton, Long 
Island, born November 19, 1725, died March 
21, 1816: eleven children, all born at Tuscan 
Hall, Hilton, New Jersey. Four sons served 
in the revolution. 

(VT) William, son of Ezekiel and Mary 
(Jones) Ball, was born March 27, 1765, died 
July 29, 1864. Married, January 3, 1787, 
Phebe Hatfield, of Elizabethtown. New Jer- 
sey, born November 18, 1765, died April 25, 
1862 ; they were the parents of eight children. 
The Hatfields were soldiers in the revolution 
and members of the First Presbyterian church 
of Elizabeth, whose pastor. Rev. Caldwell, 
•was known as the "Fighting Parson" (whose 
wife was murdered by the British with her 
■child in her arms). 

(VH) Jonathan L Dayton, eldest son of 
"William and Phebe (Hatfield) Ball, was born 
at Hilton, New Jersey, December 21, 1787, 
died at Dayton, Ohio, March 26, 1862. He 
was a private in the war of 1812 (see Penna. 
Archives, 2nd series, p. 175). He married 
at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in 1816, Mary 
Phillips, born April 13, 1782, died July 18, 
1871 ; ten children. 

(Vni) Dayton, son of Jonathan L Day- 
ton and Mary (Phillips) Ball, was born at 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, August 8, 1832, died 
July 25, 1897. He came to Albany, New 
York, in 1861, to engage in the manufacture of 
lasts, which business he continued until his 
death. He was a very prominent Mason, life 
member of the Fort Orange club. He mar- 
ried, March 24, 1862, Catharine Ann Forbes, 
"born May 16, 1836, died February 25, 1900. 
Children: i. Katie Amanda, born September 
2, 1865, died May 29, 1890. 2. Mabel Au- 
gusta, see forward. 3. Henry Dayton, born 
November 2, 1877. 

(IX) Mabel Augusta, daughter of Dayton 
and Catharine Ann (Forbes) Ball, was born 
August 4, 1876. She married, April 18, igoo, 
Harold \\'inne Cadby, of Albany, (q. v.) 



The history of the Noyes family 

NOYES in America begins with Rev. 

William Noyes ( i ) , American 

ancestor of the Noyes family, of Troy, New 



York. This family has been a prominent one, 
and in six generations there were three or- 
dained ministers of the gospel and three com- 
missioned army officers who had active mili- 
tary service. A curious fact may here be 
noted. In nearly every generation, two 
brothers marry two sisters or a brother and 
sister marry a sister and brother. An epi- 
taph on the tombstone of Timothy Noyes, of 
Newbury, a grandson of Rev. William 
Noyes, of Chalderton, England, reads : 

"GOOD TIMOTHY 

■■HIS YOUTHFULL DAYS 

"HE LIVED MUCH 

"UNTO GODS PRAYS 

•■WHEN AGE CAME ONE 

'■HE & HIS WIFE 

"THEY LIVED A HOLY 

'■& PIOUS LIFE 

"THEREFOR YOU CHILDREN 

"WHOSE NAMS ARE NOYES 

■•MAKE JESUS CHRIST 

'•YOUR ONDLY CHOYES. 

While there is much Noyes genealogy to 
be traced far beyond 1568, this record begins 
there. 

(I) Rev. William Noyes was born in Eng- 
land about 1568; at age of twenty martricu- 
lated at University College, Oxford, as the 
following record attests : "NOYES, William 
of Wilts, Pleb. University College, Matric. 
15, November 1588, aged 20, B. A. 31 May 
1592 — Rector, Chalderton Wilts, 1602." He 
became rector of Chalderton in 1601, and 
continued until his death in 1621. He mar- 
ried, about 1595, Anne Parker, born 1575, 
died at the age of eighty-two, and was buried 
at Chalderton, March 7, 1657. She was a 
sister of Rev. Robert Parker, a non-conform- 
ist minister, father of Rev. Thomas Parker. 
Children : Ephrahem, died in England ; Rev. 
Nathan, succeeded his father as rector of 
Chalderton ; Rev. James, see forward ; Nich- 
olas, emigrated to New England ; married 
Mary, daughter of Captain John Cutting; 
was deacon of Newbury church, and deputy 
to the general court, four terms; John, died 
in England. 

(II) Rev. James, third son of Rev. Wil- 
liam and Anne (Parker) Noyes, was born 
October 22, 1608, at Chalderton, England. 
He lost his father at age of fourteen, and a 
few years later, August 22, 1627, he matri- 
culated at Brazenose College. He did not 
graduate, as he was called away by his cous- 
in, Thomas Parker, to teach the Free School 
at Newbury, England. (From Mathers 
"Magnolia") : 

"He was converted in his youth by the ministry 
of Dr. Twiss and Mrs. Thomas Parker, and was 
admired for his piety and vertue in his younger 
days. The reason for his coming to America was 



572 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



he could not comply with the ceremonies of the 
Church of England. He was married in England 
to Miss Sarah Brown, eldest daughter of Mr. 
Joseph Brown of Southampton, not long before he 
came to New England, which was in 1634. In the 
same ship came Mr. Thomas Parker. Mr. James 
Noyes and a younger brother of his," * * * ♦ 
"on the sea Mr. Parker and Mr. Noyes preached or 
expounded, one in the forenoon, one in the after- 
noon, every day during the voyage," * * * * 
"when they arrived, Mr. Parker was first called to 
preach at Ipswich and Mr. Noyes at Mistick, but 
Sir. Parker and others of his brethren and acquain- 
tances settling at Newbury" * * * * "and call- 
ing Mr. Noyes to be the teacher of it, and being 
loath to be separated from Mr. Parker and brethren 
that had so often fasted and prayed together both 
in England and on the Atlantic sea, so he became 
teacher of that church, and continued painful and 
successful in that station something above 20 years 
without any considerable trouble in the church," 
* * * * "j^e was very much loved and honored 
in Newbury, his memory is precious there to this 
day, and his catechism (which is a publick and 
standing testimony of his understanding), and or- 
thodo.xy in the principles of religion is publickly 
and privately used in that church and town hitherto. 
He was very learned in the tongue and in Greek 
excelled most. He was much read in the fathers 
and the schoolmen and he was much esteemed by 
his brethren of the ministry." * * * * "Y[e was 
as religious at home as abroad, in his family and 
in secret as he was publicly, and they that knew 
him best, most loved and esteemed him. Mr. Parker 
and he kept a private fast once a month as long as 
they lived together, and Mr. Parker after his death 
until his own departure. There was the greatest 
amity, intimacy, unanimity, yea unity, imaginable 
between Mr. Parker and Mr. Noyes ; so unshaken 
was their friendship, that nothing but death was 
able to part them. They taught in one school, came 
over in one ship ("Mary and John") were pastor 
and teacher in one church, and Mr. Parker con- 
tinuing in celibacy, they lived in one house, till 
death separated them for a time," * * * * 
"Mr. Parker and Mr. Noyes were excellent singers, 
both of them, and they were extraordinary de- 
lighted in singing the psalms. They sang four 
times a day in the public worship and always just 
after evening prayers, in the family, where reading 
the Scriptures, expounding and praying were the 
other constant exercises." 

Thomas Parker thus quaintly describes 
him : "Mr. James Noyes my colleague in 
the ministry of the gospel, was a man of 
singular qualifications, in piety excelling, an 
implacable enemy to all heresy and schism, 
and a most able warrior against the same. 
He was of a reaching and ready apprehen- 
sion, a large invention, a most profound 
judgment, a rare and tenacious and compre- 
hensive memory, fixed and immovable in his 
grounded conception without all passion or 
provoking language." * * * "jje was 
courageous in dangers, and still was apt to 
believe the best and made fair weather in a 
storm. He was most honored and esteemed 
in his country and his death was much be- 
wailed. I think he may be reckoned among 
the greatest worthees of this age." Rev. 



James Noyes died at Newbury, October 22, 
1658, aged forty-eight. Among his published 
works are: "A Catechism for Children," 
printed i6-J4 and written at the request of 
the general court of Massachusetts; "The 
Temple Measured," printed in 1647; "Moses 
and Aaron," printed in 1661. The Mss. of 
the last two are in the collection of the Mass- 
achusetts Historical Society. His widow, Sa- 
rah (Brown) Noyes, died at Newbury, Sep- 
tember 13, 1691. Children: i. Joseph, of 
Sudbury, Massachusetts, where he was select- 
man twenty-eight years, constable and justice 
of the peace; was a slave owner. 2. James, 
see forward. 3. Sarah, died in childhood. 4. 
Moses, was the first pastor of the Lyme Con- 
necticut church, and one of the founders of 
the town; was a "Narragansett Volunteer" 
during the Indian war. 5. John, second ser- 
geant of the "Ancient and Honorable Ar- 
tillery Company" of Boston in 1678, and con- 
stable in Boston, same year. 6. Thomas, in- 
herited the Newbury home; was selectman, 
served in the French and Indian war as cap- 
tain, major, lieutenant and colonel; owned 
slaves. 7. Rebecca, married John, son of 
John Knight. 8. William, deacon of the 
Newbury church for many years ; served in 
his brothers company of "Snow Shoe men." 
9. Sarah, married Rev. John Hale (his sec- 
ond wife) of Beverly, Massachusetts. 

(Ill) Rev. James (2), second son of Rev. 
James (i) and Sarah (Brown) Noyes, was 
born at Newbury, Massachusetts, March 11, 
1640. He was but sixteen and his brother 
Moses but thirteen, when together they en- 
tered Harvard College in 1656. "His most 
kind kinsman, the Rev. Mr. Thomas Parker, 
gave him his Grammar Learning, and, fitted 
him for college, his father dying not long af- 
ter his admission." The records of the col- 
lege show that payment for their tuition was 
made by several parties in money, "Whealte 
Alalte and barly" "butter" "an old cowe" "a 
barrell of beefn not very good" "two cattell" 
and allowances for "waitage in the hall one 
whole year" and as monitor; James gradu- 
ated at Harvard, 1659; went to Stonington, 
Connecticut, 1664; was invited by the town 
to become their minister and took freeman's 
oath, October 5, 1669. He was ordained 
September 10, 1674, as pastor of the First 
Congregational Church, organized in June of 
that year. The next day, September 11, he 
was married. Land was granted him at 
Musqueta, later known as Noyes Point, now 
Westerly, Rhode Island. He was chaplain of 
Captain George Denison's expedition against 
the Massachusetts, which resulted in the cap- 
ture of Canonchet, chief sachem of the tribe. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



573 



In one account of the event, it is said that 
Mr. Noyes "Advised to despatch him there, 
as he was a very pohtic warlike fellow and 
had done a great deal of mischief in the 
country." He was taken, however, to Ston- 
ington and shot by three Indians, two sa- 
chems of the Pequots and Oneco, son of Un- 
cas, his lifelong enemy. Rev. Noyes was "an 
eye witness of the manner of his execution." 
For his services to this expedition, as physi- 
cian as well as chaplain, the general court 
granted him "200 acres of land for a farme" 
and he also received an equal share with the 
volunteers in Voluntown, Connecticut. He 
bore an active part in the founding of Yale 
College and his name was the first of "Ten 
of the principal monisters in the colony, nom- 
inated and agreed upon by general consent 
both of the ministers and people to stand as 
Trustees or Undertakers, to found, erect and 
govern a college." He was selected to be 
one of the first trustees and founders of 
Yale, for though he was an old man and in 
a remote corner of the colony, his influence 
was deemed essential to the success of the 
undertaking. Rev. Noyes' long pastorate at 
Stonington extended over a period exceeding 
fifty-five years. His salary at first was 
$166.66. His health failed at last, and he 
moved to New Haven. He baptized during 
his pastorate one thousand one hundred and 
seventy-six persons. He preached his last 
sermon November 22, 1719, and died Decem- 
ber 30, following, aged eighty years. 

He married, September 11, 1674, Dorothy 
Stanton, born 1651, daughter of Thomas and 
Ann (Lord) Stanton. She died January 19, 
1743, in her ninety-first year. Rev. James 
and his wife Dorothy are both buried in the 
old graveyard two and one-half miles from 
Stonington, Connecticut. Children: i. Dor- 
othy, married Rev. Samuel Treat, who was 
pastor of the church at Preston, Connecticut, 
1698-17/^4. 2. Dr. James, married Ann, 
daughter of Governor Peleg and Mary San- 
ford. 3. Colonel Thomas, married Elizabeth 
Sanford, sister of Dr. James Noyes wife. 
Colonel Thomas Noyes was a distinguished 
soldier of the revolutionary war. He was 
colonel of a Connecticut regiment ; two of 
his sons, Joseph and Sanford, were in his 
regiment, while his eldest son, Thomas, only 
twenty-one years of age, was lieutenant in 
Colonel Leppell's regiment. At the battle of 
Rhode Island, August, 1778, Colonel Noyes 
commanded a regiment and received honor- 
able mention at that time. 4. Anna, died in 
childhood. 5. John, see forward. 6. Rev. 
Joseph, was a tutor at Yale 1710-15. In 1716 
was ordained pastor of the First Church of 



New Haven, succeeding his father-in-law. 
Rev. James Pierpont. He served that church 
forty-five years. He married Abigail, 
daughter of Rev. James and Sarah (Haynes) 
Pierpont, the latter a descendant of Thomas 
Lord. 7. Moses, died in infancy. 

(IV) Deacon John, fifth son of Rev. 
James- (2) and Dorothy (Stanton) Noyes, 
was born in Stonington, Connecticut, Janu- 
ary 13, 1685, died September 17, 1751. He 
was a farmer, and built the house near Wes- 
terly now known as the "Moss House" in 
1714, described in Miss Wheelers "Old 
Homes of Stonington." He was a deacon of 
his father's church. He married (first) Mary 
Gallup, 1715; (second) 1739; Elizabeth 
Whiting. She was a great-granddaughter of 
Governor Bradford, of Plymouth Colony. 
Children of first wife: i. William, see for- 
ward. 2. John, married Mercy Breed, 1744. 
3. Joseph, born 1720. 4. James, married Mar- 
garet Woodburn, 1756. 5. Mary, married 
Joseph Champlin, 1753. 6. Sarah, married 
Andrew Staunton, 1747. 7. Anne, married 
John Palmer, 1752. 8. Joseph, married Pru- 
dence Denison, 1763. Child of second wife. 
9. Dorothy, born September 17, 1740. 

(V) William, eldest son of Deacon John 
and Mary (Gallup) Noyes, was born in Sto- 
nington, March 2, 1715. He married, 1739, 
Sybil Whiting, died 1809. Children, born in 
Groton and Old Canaan, Connecticut: i 
William, married, 1764, Elizabeth Gillet 
2. Sybil, married, 1745, Samuel Avery. 3, 
Samuel, married, 1747, Abigail Harding. 4 
John B., married, 1750, Mehitable Wright 
5. Mary, married, 1754, Elihu Phenney. 6, 
Temperance, married, 1781, William Allen 
7. Nathan, see forward. 8. Lucy, married 
Joseph Hemcox. 9. Elizabeth, married Wil- 
liam Lewis. 10. Charles W., married Mrs. 
Samuel Noyes. 11. Nathaniel, married Tem- 
perance Champlin. 

(VI) Nathan, seventh child of William 
and Sybil (Whiting) Noyes, was born about 
1758. He was known as "Judge Nathan." 
He removed to Columbia county. New York, 
where his children were born at Kinderhook. 
He was town clerk of Canaan, 1796. He 
married Azuba Baldwin. Children: i. Hen- 
ry, see forward. 2. Sally, married, 1795, Ebe- 
nezer Calkins. 3. Amelia, married Aaron 
Kellogg. 4. Bernice, married, 1807, James S. 
Seamen. 5. Betsey, married Daniel F. Wood- 
worth. 

(VII) Henry, eldest son of Judge Nathan 
and Azuba (Baldwin) Noyes, was born in 
Kinderhook, Columbia county. New York, 
1780. \Mien a young man, he was in charge 
of the United States barracks at Greenbush, 



574 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



New York. He settled at Troy, and was 
one of the early navigators of the river, own- 
ing and running sloops on the Hudson river 
carrying freight. He amassed a considerable 
fortune? part of which was lost later through 
kindness to friends. He married, 1809, Mary 
Paddock, who died 1855. She was only six- 
teen at the time of her marriage. Children: 
I. Nathan H., see forAvard. 2. Stephen Van 
Rensselaer, a coal dealer of Lansingburg ; 
died unmarried. 

(VHI) Nathan Henry, eldest son of Hen- 
ry and Mary (Paddock) Noyes, was born in 
Greenbush, Renssalaer county. New York, 
June 17, 1815, died in Troy, New York, Sep- 
tember, 1 89 1. He was educated in the 
schools of that town, and after the removal 
to Troy at age of twelve, continued on with 
his studies in the schools there. He learned 
the carpenter's trade, but soon began running 
on his father's sloops. He became an expert 
river pilot and riverman. He became cap- 
tain of sailing sloops ; he owned the "G. C. 
Davidson," a steamboat; sloops "Highland- 
er" and "Orum," piloted large rafts of tim- 
ber down the river, and led the adventurous 
life of the river. When steam drove the sail- 
ing vessels out of business as freight and pas- 
senger carriers, he entered that service and 
was captain of the express boat from Troy 
to New York, that was later purchased by 
the government. Captain Noyes later en- 
gaged as a partner with his brother, who had 
established a coal and wood yard at Lansing- 
burg, New York, where he continued in bus- 
iness until his death. He was a good bus- 
iness man and was successful in his under- 
takings. He was a genial and whole-souled 
man, "with hosts of friends. He was a Re- 
publican politically, and a member of the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church. He married, 
Mav, 1835, at Troy, New York, Margaret 
Loucke, born in Rome, New York, April 26, 
1 81 8, died in Lansingburg, New York, July 
26, 1896. Children: i. Mary Elizabeth, mar- 
ried James H. Weaver. 2. Frances Amelia, 
died unmarried. 3. Charles, deceased. 4. 
Margaret, married (first) Zina P. Green, by 
-whom she had two sons : Zina P. and Harry 
N.; married (second) Elias Ford Carr, of 
Trenton, New Jersey. 5. Lucinda V. S., resi- 
dent of Troy, New York. 6. Harriet Jane, 
married T. Blatchford Wager. 7. Katherine 
M.. married John A. Corhss. 8. Grace, de- 
ceased. 9. Carrie, deceased. 



The history of the Wheeler 
WHEELER family in England, as 
shown by Burke, substan- 
tiates the fact that they are found in various 



shires among the landed gentry, knighthood, 
members of parliament and baronets in the 
seventeenth century, and one was a governor 
of the Leeward Islands. They are found in 
the counties of Worcester, Wanvick, York, 
Middlesex, Durham, Kent, and Nottingham. 
In the world of letters, members of the 
Wheeler family are pre-eminent, and the 
number of authors and their valuable contri- 
butions to theology, history, science, art, po- 
etry, philosophy and travels are something re- 
markable and surpassed by very few of any 
one name. 

Farmer states that thirty distinct families 
of the name of Wheeler resided at Concord, 
Massachusetts, between 1650 and 1680. John 
Wheeler of Concord, went to Fairfield, Con- 
necticut, in 1644. John Wheeler, of Strat- 
ford, Connecticut, supposed to have been a 
son of John of Fairfield, was a signer of the 
fundamental articles of agreement for the 
settlement of Woodbury, Connecticut. He 
died May 12, 1704. By his wife Ruth, he 
had seven children. The fourth child, Thom- 
as, baptized May 25, 1673, married Sarah 
Stiles, August 20, 1701. He was killed by 
the fall of a tree March 2, 1728. 

(IV) Henry Wheeler, who from the best 
obtainable evidence is the son of Thomas and 
Sarah (Stiles) Wheeler, was bom in Con- 
necticut, September 11, 1717. He removed 
to Long Island, New York, where others 
of the family had preceded him at an early 
date in the settlement of Newtown and Mid- 
dleburg, and later settled in Dutchess coun- 
ty, New York. He married Deborah Un- 
derbill, born August 6, 1723. 

(V) Thomas, son of Henry and Deborah 
(Underbill) Wheeler, was born October 23, 
1752, died 1820, on Long Island, New York. 
He married Elizabeth Connor, born March 
19, 1756. Children, probably all born in 
Dutchess county. New York: i. Deborahann 
(as written in family Bible — meant no doubt 
for Deborah Ann), born December 21, 1774. 
2. Rebecca, January 20, 1776. 3. William, 
June I, 1780. 4. Phebe, October 17, 1782. 
5. Henry, October 31, 1784. 6. Thomas, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1787. 7. Elizabeth, June 23, 1789. 

(VI) William, son of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth (Connor) Wheeler, was born in Dutch- 
ess county, New York, June i, 1780. died 
185 1. He was of Chatham, New York. He 
married Martha, daughter of Joseph and Sa- 
rah (Keys) Thorn. She was born March 3, 
1776. Children: i. Samuel Smith, born July 
16, 1801 : married, February 26, 1824. Maria 
Boardman. 2. Phebe Ann, born April 28, 
1803 ; married, December 5, 1826. George 
Jerome. 3. Alonzo, January 12, 1805, see 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



v5 



forward. 4. Romelia, born April 10, 1807; 
married, October 2-/, 1833, Robert W. Mur- 
phy. 5. Mar\- Eliza, born May 8, 1809; mar- 
ried, December 20, 1832, Solomon Crandall. 
6. William Connor, born June 21, 181 1 ; mar- 
ried, October 21, 1852, Frances W. Allen. 7. 
Alexander Feayer, born July 18, 1813; mar- 
ried, March, 1841, Elizabeth Barnes. 8. Ste- 
phen, born May 9, 1815. 9. Joseph Thorn, 
born September 23, 1818; married, Septem- 
ber 29, 1842, Mary Ann Backus. 10. Thomas 
Barnes, born April 11, 1820; married, De- 
cember 31, 1851, Rebecca Prout Markle. 

(VH) Alonzo, son of William and Mar- 
tha (Thorn) Wheeler, was born January 12, 
1805, died at Albany, New York, 1867. He 
received a good education and in his early 
years of manhood taught school. He also 
acquired a knowledge of the wagon makers 
and wheelwright business, and after a remov- 
al to Westerloo, Albany county, New York, 
associated himself with Samuel Wheeler (his 
brother) in the wagon building business. He 
was of a mechanical inventive mind, and for 
a long time was engaged in perfecting a tool 
that would mortise a square hole. He finally 
succeeded and the first mortising machine 
ever made for that purpose was his inven- 
tion. In 1829, he moved to Four Mile Point, 
a mile above Coxsackie, and engaged in the 
same business there. He became interested 
in whaling, made one voyage of three years, 
and made several voyages to different ports. 
He later removed to Chatham, New York, 
where he was in partnership with William 
Conner Wheeler, (a brother). They oper- 
ated a sash, door and blind factory at Chat- 
ham, and manufactured agricultural imple- 
ments of various kinds. He built the first 
successful railway tread power. In 1849 the 
business was removed to Albany and con- 
tinued under the firm name of Wheeler, Mel- 
ick & Company. He was a Democrat in 
politics. He married, November 6, 1832, 
Harriet Hatch, daughter of Richard W^ and 
Abigail (Hatch) Bishop. Children: i. Seth, 
see forward. 2. Jane, born at Chatham, New 
York, April 30, 1840. 3. Ann, born at Chat- 
ham, March 7, 1843. 4- Martha Thorn, born 
at Albany, New York, June 29, 1853. 

(VIII) Seth, eldest child and only son of 
Alonzo and Harriet Hatch (Bishop) Wheel- 
er, was born in Chatham, New York, May 
18, 1838. He was educated at The Albany 
Academy, and is a mechanical engineer, in- 
ventor, and prominent business man of Al- 
bany. He succeeded his father in Wheeler, 
Melick & Company, manufacturers of agri- 
cultural implements, then the largest concern 
in the eastern states in that line of manufac- 



ture, with which he was identified until 1872. 
In 1871-72, he built and patented a machine 
for furnishing wrapping paper in rolls in- 
stead of flat sheets, the then prevailing meth- 
od. His invention also printed such matter 
as desired on each sheet as it left the roll. 
In 1874, he organized the Rolled Wrapping 
Paper Company, for the manufacture of 
rolled paper under the patents that had been 
issued him. This company did not prove 
successful, and in 1877 the Albany Perfora- 
ted Wrapping Paper Company was or- 
ganized with Seth Wheeler as president. 
This company is one of Albany's successful 
manufacturing enterprises. They have a 
large foreign business, being established in 
Canada, England, Germany, France and 
Switzerland. They operate under the Wheel- 
er patents, of which Mr. Wheeler has had 
issued to him at home and abroad nearly 
one hundred, covering machinery and pro- 
duct of his own mill as well as other lines 
of invention. He is largely interested in 
the Wheeler Rent and Power Company, of 
which he is president, and vice-president of 
the Cheney Piano Action Company of Castle- 
ton, New York. In the financial institutions 
of Albany he occupies a prominent position 
and influence. He is president and trustee 
of the Albany County Savings Bank and 
director of the Albany County Bank. He is 
a member of The American Society of Me- 
chanical Engineers. His fraternal relations 
are with the Masonic order, belonging to 
Temple Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and Temple Chapter, No. 5, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons. His club is the Fort Orange. He is a 
man of force and character and administers 
the affairs of his varied interests with con- 
servative, careful, well-balanced judgment. 

He married, April 3, i860, Elizabeth, born 
July II, 1839, daughter of William Alexan- 
der and Sarah Maria (Sternberg) Boyd. 
(See Boyd III). On April 3, 1910, Mr. 
and Airs. Seth Wheeler celebrated their gold- 
en wedding and received the congratulations 
and loving wishes of a large number of rela- 
tives and friends gathered in honor of the 
occasion. Children, all born in Albany, New 
York: i. Edgar, January i, 1861, died Feb- 
ruary 27, 1908. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Albany, and in 1879 entered 
the employ of the Albany Perforated \\'rap- 
ping Paper Company, later becoming secre- 
tary of the company, holding that position at 
the time of his death. He was an enthusias- 
tic wheelman, charter member of the Old 
Albany Bicycle and Comuck clubs, and with 
General Robert Shaw, owned and rode the 
first high style wheels ridden in the city. He 



5/6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



was a member of the Albany Club and other 
organizations. He married, in 1888, Alice 
Birch. Children: i. Archibald Birch, born 
April 26, 1889; ii. Thomas Boyd, June 14, 
1892; iii. Edgar Thorn, April 5, 1898. 2. 
Harriet Elizabeth, born October i, 1862; 
married Howard Martin, and has Elizabeth 
Boyd Wheeler, born February i, 1890. 

3. William Alonzo, born February 18, 1870. 
He was educated in the Albany public, 
schools; entered the employ of the Albany 
Perforated Wrapping Paper Company in 1887, 
and is the present treasurer of the company 
(1910). He is a Repubhcan in poHtics, and a 
member of the Fort Orange, Albany Country, 
Albany Yacht, Mohican Canoe and Albany 
Automobile clubs. He married, October 9, 
1898, Ruble Holt Hyme, of Washington, D. C. 

4. Sarah Boyd, born June 30, 1874; married, 
October 19, 1899, Joseph Scott House. 5. 
Seth, see forward. 

(IX) Seth (2), youngest son and child of 
Seth (i) and Elizabeth (Boyd) Wheeler, 
was born in Albany, New York, April i, 
1878. He was early educated at The Albany 
Academy ; prepared for college at Stevens 
Preparatory School and entered Stevens In- 
stitute of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey, 
with class of 1903. Immediately on leaving 
Stevens he entered the employ of The Mary- 
land Steel Company of Sparrows Point, 
Maryland, remaining one year. In 1904, he 
was assistant superintendent of the by-prod- 
uct coke oven department of the Michigan 
Alkali Company at Wyandotte, Michigan. In 
1905 he returned to Albany, entered the em- 
ploy of the Albany Perforated Wrapping Pa- 
per Company and in 1907 became vice-presi- 
dent and general superintendent. He is a 
member of the American Society of Me- 
chanical Engineers ; The University, Albany 
Country, Mohican Canoe, Stevens and Beta 
Theta Pi clubs, the latter of New York City. 
He belongs to the New York National Guard 
"Troop B" of Albany. His fraternity is the 
Beta Theta Pi. He is a Republican in poli- 
tics. He married, at Detroit, Michigan, No- 
vember 3, 1904, Alice Emily Chadwick 
Fitch, of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, daughter 
of Charles Henry and Violo (Look) Fitch. 

(The Boyd Line). 
(II) Alexander, first born American child 
of John (q. v.) and Ann (Logan) Boyd, was 
born in Albany, New York, February 2, 
1762, died in Schoharie county. New York, 
in 1854. He was a prosperous farmer, own- 
ing a great deal of land and many slaves. He 
was active in his support of the Whig party, 
in which he was a leader, and held many of 



the town and county offices. In 1813, he was 
elected to congress and served with credit. 
He was for many years a deacon of the 
Dutch Reformed Church. He married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Peter Becker. Children: 

I. John, born July 29, 1784; married Kate 
Van Epps ; no issue. 2. Helen, born Decem- 
ber 10, 1785; married Dr. James Van Gas- 
beck, a practicing physician of Schoharie 
county. 3. David, born November 3, 1788; 
married Nancy Van Derzee; nine children. 
4. Ann, born March 7, 1791 ; married George 
Dial; has issue. 5. Albert, born March i, 
1793; married Ann Byron; seven children. 
6. Peter, born August 25, 1795; married La- 
ney (or Helen) De Voe; four children. 7. 
James, born December 6, 1797; married Em- 
ily Stimpson; two children. 8. Margaret, 
born February 10, 1800; married John C. 
Van Vechten ; nine children. 9. William A., 
see forward. 10. Nancy, born February 2, 
1805; married Daniel Larkin ; four children. 

II. Alexander (2), born February 26, 1807. 
12. Hugh, died young. 13. Delia, born July 
15, 1812; married Jehiel Larkin; no issue. 

(Ill) William A., ninth child of Alexan- 
der and Elizabeth (Becker) Boyd, was born 
September 13, 1802, died September 17, 
1880. After leaving school he spent several 
years farming. In 1850 he removed to Al- 
bany, and in partnership with Roger D. 
Boyd, his son, engaged in the dry goods 
business. In 1859 they removed their busi- 
ness to Hamilton, New York. In 1874 the 
firm dissolved, William A. Boyd retiring to 
Albany, where he passed the remainder of 
his days. He was of sunny, genial, warm- 
hearted disposition, with a host of warm 
friends. He was a member of the Reformed 
church, and politically was a Republican. He 
married (first) Margaret Dougherty, of Mid- 
dleburg, New York, who died in 1838, leav- 
ing two children. He married (second) Sa- 
rah M. Sternberg, of Livingstonville, New 
York, born September i, 1807, died October 
25, 1881. Children: i. Roger D., born June 
22, 1828; married Delia Godfrey. 2. William 
Alexander, born June 10, 1830; married 
Fanny Williams. 3. Elizabeth. 4. Henry H., 
died in childhood. 5. Edwin, died in infancy. 
6. Martha, born July 22, 1844; married Rev. 
Charles F. Hull, September 16, 1869. 7. 
Mary, twin of Martha, unmarried. 



The Monteath family is 
MONTEATH an ancient one and fa- 
mous in the Scottish an- 
nals. In America the INIonteaths descend 
from Peter Monteath, born 1745. Through 
intermarriage of their ancestors the present 




^^?^t: -^-^-^s^Ei- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



':'77 



generations obtain direct descent from the 
American ancestor of the noted families of 
the Mohawk Valley, The Lansings, Van 
Wies, Woolvertons, Beeckmans, Wilcoxs, 
and collateral descent from many others. 

(I) Peter Monteath was born in Dun- 
blane, Scotland, in 1745, died in Albany, 
New York, November 6, 1797. He married 
Christian Bishop, born 1743, in Scotland, 
died April 22, 1806, in Albany. They had 
one son, George, see forward. 

(H) Captain George, son of Peter and 
Christian (Bishop) Monteath, was born in 
Dunblane, Scotland, February 2, 1778, died 
in Albany, New York, March 10, 1856. For 
many years he was engaged in the transpor- 
tation of freight and passengers on the Hud- 
son river, owning many sloops that he used 
in the business. Before the introduction of 
railroads and steamboats all intercourse be- 
tween the towns along the river and all 
freight was transported by means of these 
sailing sloops. It was slow and inconvenient, 
but the amount of business done was very 
great and a great deal of capital was so em- 
ployed. When the steamboat became a com- 
pletion the sailing sloops, that must wait for 
wind and tide, were placed at a great disad- 
vantage. Captain Monteath quickly realized 
the value of the new system of propulsion 
and was one of the first to employ steam in 
his business. He was a prominent and suc- 
cessful business man of Albany, and ranked 
as a shrewd and careful financier. Among 
his enterprises was the founding, with others, 
of the Albany and Canal Line of Tow Boats. 
He married Harriet Lansing Van Wie, born 
April 7, 1785, died October 8, i860, at Al- 
bany. (See Van Wie V). Children: i. Chris- 
tian, married Thomas Dunn ; 2. Peter, see 
forward. 3. Jane, married James A. Wilson. 
4. Catherine, married Amos Howes, of New 
York. 5. George, died 1909. 6. William, mar- 
ried Rhoda Nickerson Mayo. 7. John. 8. 
Margaret, married George R. Shortiss; chil- 
dren: George, Marguerite, lives in Buffalo, 
New York, married Frank Fiske, Jr. 

(HI) Peter (2), eldest son of Captain 
George and Harriet Lansing (Van Wie) 
Monteath, was born in Albany, New York, 
October 30, 181 1, died there January 13, 
1879. His entire business life was spent in 
Albany, where he rose to affluence and 
gained a name, honored wherever spoken. 
For forty-six years he was in active business 
life, founding 'in 1833, with James A. Wilson, 
the wholesale grocery house of Wilson & 
Monteath. The business of the firm so in- 
creased that more capital was needed, and 
Joseph D. Badgley was admitted, the firm 



becoming Wilson, Monteath & Company. In 
1850, Mr. Wilson retired, and the firm name 
was changed to Monteath & Badgley. In 
1864 George, son of Peter Monteath, was 
admitted, and the firm style was Monteath, 
Badgley & Company. In 1865 a great grief 
befell him in the death of this son, to whom 
he was devotedly attached. At about the 
same time Mr. Badgley withdrew from the 
firm and removed to New York. He now as- 
sociated with himself his other son, Edward 
W. Monteath, and as Monteath & Son the 
house continued its vigorous successful life 
until 1873, Egbert M. Tracy was admitted a 
partner and Monteath, Son & Company con- 
tinued until 1876, when death again invaded 
the firm and removed his only remaining son, 
Edward W. As Monteath & Company, the 
firm remained until the death of Peter J^Ion- 
teath in 1879. Through all these changes he 
remained the efficient head of the business 
and as a wonderfully capable manager and a 
business gentleman gained the highest re- 
spect of his associates and the name Mon- 
teath became a synonym for square dealing, 
highest integrity and courteous treatment. 
Retiring in character and shrinking from self 
assertion, he declined civic and social honors ; 
while his advice and sympathy were always 
at the service of those who solicited thern, 
public station and political preferment he nei- 
ther desired nor permitted to be put upon 
him, preferring the calm comfort and sensi- 
ble delights of his refined Christian home. He 
was interested in other of the business activ- 
ities of his city; for many years he was a 
director of the Commercial Bank and of the 
Commerce Insurance Company. He was a 
member and elder of the Second Dutch Re- 
formed Church, and served upon the official 
board. At the time of his death he was the 
oldest member of St. Andrew's Society, 
which organization passed resolutions of re- 
spect at his demise. He was a great lover 
of music, was also interested in art, serving 
as trustee of the Gallery of Fine Arts of Al- 
bany, and was a patron of young artists. 
Peter Monteath married, September 28, 1836, 
Sarah Anne Woolverton, (see Woolverton 
VI), born in Charleston, Montgomery coun- 
ty. New York, October 31, 181 5, died Octo- 
ber 28, 1883. Children: i. Sara J., a resident 
of Albany. 2. George, died February 22, 
1865. 3. Harriette. 4. Edward W., died 
March 20, 1876; married Laura S. Perry, 
and had Pierce; Laura, married Charles 
Ruston, resides in New York City; Jessie, 
deceased; married Robert Cutting Law- 
rence. 5. Jessie, married William H. Ste- 
vens, and has Harriette and Jessie Monteath. 



578 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK AWLLEYS 



(The Wolverton Line). 

The American ancestor of Sarah Anne 
Woolverton (Mrs. Peter Monteath) was 
Charles Woolverton, born in England, came 
to the American Colonies, settled in New 
Jersey, where he purchased, March 2, 1714, a 
large tract of land in Hunterdon county. He 
married, and had children : Charles, Roger, 
Daniel, Isaac, Dennis, see forward, Dinah, 
Joel and Thomas. 

(H) Dennis, son of Charles Woolverton, 
was born in New Jersey, January 26, 1709, 
died August g, 1774. He was a farmer and 
a large land owner of Hunterdon county. 
He married Eliza Pettit, born 1713, died 
1785. Children: i. Charles, see forward. 2. 
Mary, married General Bray, an officer of 
the revolution ; in command of troops who 
crossed the Delaware with Washington and 
fought the battle of Trenton the following 
morning. Perhaps other children. 

(HI) Charles (2), son of Dennis and Eli- 
za (Pettit) Woolverton, was drowned in the 

Delaware river. He married — 1 Jewell, 

and had a son Nathaniel. 

(IV) Nathaniel, son of Charles (2) and 

(Jewell) Woolverton, was born in 

Hunterdon county. New Jersey, 1763, died 
in Montgomery county, New York, 1835. He 
was a farmer; removed to Montgomery 
county. New York, where he purchased land 
and died. He majried Permelia Hudnut, 
born 1770, died 1853. Both Nathaniel and his 
wife are buried in the Dutch Reformed bury- 
ing ground in Glen, New York. Children : 
I. Edward, born 1787, see forward. 2. Anne, 
born 1789. 3. Charles, born 1791, died 1825; 
married Margaret Blair. 4. Sarah, born 
1793. died 1845; married Ephraim Wilcox. 
5. John Dennis, born 1795, died 1830; mar- 
ried Adeline MacNamee. 6. Charlotte, born 
1797, died 1865; married Peter Wyckofif. 7. 
Mary, born 1799, died 1867; married Peleg 
Osborne. 8. Hiram, born 1800, died 1850. 
9. Keronhappuck, born 1802; married Lyman 
Haughton. 10. Gaius, bom 1804; married 
Wyant Visscher. 11. Lucretia, born 1806, 
unmarried. 12. Rhoda, born 1808, died 1809. 
13. Ozius, born 1 8 10. died 181 1. 14. Nathaniel 
H., born 1814, died 1867: married Jane 
Overbaugh. 

(V) Edward, eldest child of Nathaniel and 
Permelia (Hudnut) Wcnilverton, was born 
in 1787, died 1S75. He married Asenath 
Wilcox (see Wilcox VII), born March 17, 
1790. Children: i. Lavinia, born 1812, died 
1889, unmarried. 2. George Alonzo, born 
1813, died i8g6; married Caroline Shuler. 3. 
Sarah Anne, married Peter Monteath. 4. 
Henry Mortimer, born 1817, died 1874; mar- 



ried Louisa Johnson. 5. Chastine, bom 1821, 
died 1883; married James Collin. 6. Harriet, 
born 1824, died 1908; married Jenkins W. 
Scovill. 7. Elizabeth, born 1826; married 
James Duane Ruggles. 

(VI) Sarah Anne, third child of Edward 
and Asenath (Wilcox) Woolverton, was born 
October 31, 1815; married, September 28, 
1836, Peter Monteath (see Alonteath III). 

(The Van Wie Line). 
The American ancestor of Harriet Lansing 
Van Wie (Mrs. Captain George Monteath) 
was Hendrick \*an Wie, who was in Bever- 
wyck (Albany) from 1654 to 1691, the year 
of his death. He volunteered to accompany 
the expedition against Fort La Prairie. Can- 
ada, during the French and Indian war, was 
wounded in the attack on the fort and died 
from his wounds. 

(II) Gerrit, son of Hendrick Van Wie, 
was baptized J\Iay 12, 1689 ; buried March 
25, 1746: married Annetje Casparse, daugh- 
ter of Caspar Leendertie Conyn, of Claver- 
ack. New York. Children : Alida, Anna 
and Hendrick. 

(III) Hendrick (2), son of Gerrit and 
Annetje C. (Conyn) Van Wie, was born 
1703; married, October 2, 1732, Catherine 
Waldron, baptized October 24, 171 1. Chil- 
dren: Annetje, Annetje (2), Pieter, Gerrit, 
William, see forward, Casparus, Tryntje, 
Hendrick, Cornelis, Alida, and Cornelia. 

(IV) William (Willem), son of Hendrick 
(2) and Catherine (Waldron) Van Wie, 
baptized October 19, 1740, died July 29, 
1816; married. May 20, 1767, Jannetje Lans- 
ing, who died July 19, 1821, aged seventy- 
five years. Children : Hendrick Gerrit, Piet- 
er, Isaac, Isaac (2), Catherine and Harriet 
Lansing. 

(V) Harriet Lansing, daughter of William 
and Jannetje (Lansing) Van Wie, was born 
April 7, 1785, died in Albany, New York, 
on the same ground where she was born Oct- 
ober 8, i860. She married Captain George 
Monteath (see Monteath II). 

(The Lansing Line). 
The line from Jannetje (Lansing) Van 
Wie, mother of Harriet Lansing, wife of 
Captain George Monteath, traces back to 
Frederick Lansing, of Overyssel, Holland, 
through his son Gerrit, who settled in Rens- 
selaerwyck about 1650. Gerrit (2), son of 
Gerrit (i). had a son Isaac G., who married 
Jannetje Beeckman. Gerrit Isaacse, son of 
Isaac G. and Jannetje Lansing, married 
Ariantje Beeckman (see Beeckman V). 
Jannetje Lansing, daughter of Gerrit Isaacse 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



579 



and Ariantje (Beeckman) Lansing, mar- 
ried William Van Wie (see Van Wie IV). 
Harriet Lansing Van Wie, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Jannetje (Lansing) Van Wie, mar- 
ried Captain George Monteath (see Monteath 
H). 

(The Beeckman Line). 

Ariantje Beeckman Lansing, maternal 
grandmother of Harriet (Lansing) Van Wie, 
(Mrs. Capt. George Monteath), descended 
from Hendrick Beeckman, of the Duchy of 
Bremen, Germany. 

(H) Martin Hendrickse, son of Hendrick 
Beeckman, who died previous to January 21, 
1677, married Susanna Janse. 

(HI) Johannes Martinse, son of Martin 
H. and Susanna (Janse) Beeckman, married 
Machtel Schermerhorn. 

(IV) Johannes, son of Johannes M. and 
Machtel (Schermerhorn) Beeckman, bap- 
tized January 27, 1684, died February, 1741, 
married Hester Wendell, daughter of Har- 
manus Wendell, granddaughter of Evart 
Ganse Wendell. 

(V) Ariantje, daughter of Johannes 
and Hester (Wendell) Beeckman, married 
Gerrit I. Lansing. 

(VI) Harriet, daughter of Gerrit I. Lans- 
ing, married Captain George Monteath. 

(The Wilcox Line). 

This is an English family founded in this 
country in 1636. The name has been spelled 
in many and various ways — the founder be- 
ing Wilcockson and the many families are 
descended from him whose present name can 
hardly be recognized as coming from Wil- 
cockson. Edward Woolverton married Ase- 
nath Wilcox, and they were the parents of 
Sarah Anne Woolverton, wife of Peter Mon- 
teath. 

(I) William Wilcockson was born in Eng- 
land, 1 601. In 1635 he came to America, 
settled in Concord, Massachusetts ; died 1652. 
He married Margaret . 

(II) Sergeant Samuel, son of William and 
Margaret Wilcockson, was born 1640, died 
March 12, 1713. He was a member of the 
general court repeatedly between the years 
1688-1712. He lived at Simsbury, Connecti- 
cut. 

(III) Samuel (2) (wrote his name Wil- 
cox), son of Sergeant Samuel Wilcockson, 
was born April 15, 1666, died September 13, 
1713; married Mindwell, daughter of John 
Griffin. 

(IV) Ephraim, son of Samuel (2) and 
Mindwell (Griffin) Wilcox, was born 1707, 
died 1773; married, 1726, Hannah Hill, of 
Simsbury, Connecticut. 



(V) Captain Sylvanus, son of Ephraim 
and Hannah (Hill) Wilcox, was born 1733, 
died July 5, 1824. He served in the revolu- 
tionary war on committee of safety, and un- 
der Colonel John Ashley in the Burgoyne 
campaign. He married Chastine Curtis, of 
Simsbury, daughter of Peter and Chastine 
(Parker) Curtis. 

(VI) Corporal Sylvanus (2), son of Cap- 
tain Sylvanus (i) and Chastine (Curtis) 
Wilcox, was born May 26, 1762, died July 
10, 1846. He served in the revolution in the 
New York Regiment of Militia commanded 
by Colonel Willett. Tradition says he was 
one of the men detailed to guard Major An- 
dre. He married, April 28, 1785, Sarah 
Johnson. 

(VII) Asenath, daughter of Corporal Syl- 
vanus (2) and Sarah (Johnson) Wilcox, 
was born March 17, 1790; married Edward 
Woolverton (see Woolverton V). 

(VIII) Sarah Anne, daughter of Edward 
and Asenath (Wilcox) Woolverton, married 
Peter Monteath (see Monteath III). 



The Thurman family of 
THURMAN Troy are of English ances- 
try. The family was 
founded in America in 1732, the progenitor 
being a son of Ralph Thurman, born in 1671 
at Leicestershire, England. 

(I) John, son of Ralph Thurman, was 
born March 15, 1695, at Lower Shad well, 
Corkhill, England, and died in New York 
City. He came to that city from England in 
1732, and it was ever thereafter his home. 
He married (first) Elizabeth Wessels ; (sec- 
ond) Nulty ; children: John and 

Francis ; probably others. 

(II) Francis, son of John Thurman, the 
founder, was born in England, was of the 
family emigration in 1732, and died in New 
York City in 1758. He married, December 3, 
1752, Susannah, daughter of Robert Mat- 
thews, of London, England, and had issue. 

(II) John (2), brother of Francis Thur- 
man, was born in New York City, February 
27, 1732, died in Bolton, Warren county. 
New York, September 27, 1809. He was the 
pioneer of the family in Northern New York, 
where he acquired large holdings of land, 
called the Thurman patent ; Thurman, a town 
of Warren county, was so named in his hon- 
or. Bolton, a town in the same county, was 
his liome, and there he met his death from 
injuries received from an infuriated bull. In 
1800 he was a member of the New York 
legislature. He never married. 

(HI) Richardson, son of Francis and Su- 
sannah (Matthews) Thurman, was born in 



58o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



New York City, May i, 1755, died at Thur- 
man, New York, April 6, 1806. He located 
on the Thurman patent in Washington, now 
Warren county, New York, and was a large 
landowner. He served in the Washington 
county militia, and was commissioned major, 
November 6, 1793, by Governor Clinton. He 
married, in 1799, Catherine Low, and had 
issue. 

(IV) Tames Low, second son of Richard- 
son and" Catherine (Low) Thurman, was 
born at Thurman, now Warrensburg, War- 
ren county. New York, July 30, 1783, died 
there November 13, 1826. He was a man of 
wealth and importance in the countv. He 
was sheriff of Warren county, receiving the 
appointment from Governor Clinton, March 
16, 1818. In 1820 he was a member of the 
state legislature, representing the counties of 
Washington and Warren. During the war 
of 1812-14, he received a lieutenant's com- 
mission dated April 13, 1814, from Gover- 
nor Daniel D. Tompkins, and was engaged 
at the battle of Plattsburgh. He was widely 
known among the public men of his day, and 
enjoyed the personal friendship of De Witt 
Clinton, Governor Tompkins, Aaron Burr 
and other eminent men. He married, Sep- 
tember 27, 1802, Catherine Cameron, born in 
Edinburgh, Scotland, coming to Warrens- 
burg, New York, when fifteen years of age. 
They were parents of five sons and five 
daughters, two of whom died in childliood. 

(V) Richardson Harrison, third son of 
James Low and Catherine (Cameron) Thur- 
man, was born in Warrensburg, Warren 
county. New York, July 12, 181 1. He was 
educated in the schools of his native town 
and Lake George. His first employment was 
as a clerk in the store of George Pattison. 
After the death of his father in 1826, being 
then fifteen, he left home and went to Keese- 
ville, Essex county. New York, where he was 
successively employed from January, 1827, 
until September i, 1831, by Forsyth & Pea- 
body, Pope & Ball and their successors. On 
the latter date he removed to Troy, New 
York, where for five years he was in the 
employ of Sillman, Grant & Company, and 
White, Baker & Monell, merchants of that 
city. In 1836 he became associated in bus- 
iness with Alsop and Jared H. Weed, which 
connection existed until 1854, when it was 
dissolved. From 1854 until 1863, he was en- 
gaged in mercantile business solely on his 
own account. From 1851 he had been iden- 
tified with the banking interests of Troy and 
his natural aptitude for the details of that 
business caused him to finally engage perma- 
nently in banking business. In 1851 he had 



assisted in organizing the Union Bank of 
Troy, and was one of the first board of di- 
rectors. In 1863 he organized the First Na- 
tional Bank of Troy, of which he was the 
first and only cashier from its organization, 
in 1863, until the charter expired and it 
passed out of existence, February 24, 1883. 
In 1866, he organized the State Knitting 
Company of Cohoes, New York, in company 
with others, and was one of the first trustees 
of this, also secretary and treasurer from its 
organization until his death, December 4, 
1897. He was gifted in an eminent degree 
in all that pertained to trade and commerce 
and thoroughly posted in all laws and rules 
governing monetary transactions, this the re- 
sult of years of close study and observa- 
tion. His career was a successful one, well 
earned and deserved. He married, May 18, 
1836, Catherine L. M., daughter of Philip 
Van Buskirk, of Troy. Two children were 
born to them : Harriet L., deceased, and Sa- 
rah, now (1909) a resident of Troy, New 
York. Mr. Thurman was a member of the 
Washington Volunteers, the first organized 
fire department in Troy, New York. 

(The Van Buskirk Line). 

Van Boskeick, Van Buskirk, Boskeick, Bus- 
kirk. This name is from Bos and Keick, and 
with the Van signifies "from the church in 
the woods." 

The American ancestor of Catherine L. Van 
Buskirk (Mrs. Richardson H, Thurman) was 
Laurens Andriessen Van Boskeick (Van Bus- 
kirk), who came to America from Holstein, 
Denmark, in the summer of 1655. The first 
record of him is in New Amsterdam, in a 
deed made to him June 29, 1656, for a lot on 
Broad street of that town. He was then un- 
married and was a turner by trade ; after- 
ward he was in business as a draper. Shortly 
after the settlement of Bergen, New Jersey, 
he purchased the tract of land previously 
granted to Claus Carstersen, the Norman, at 
Minkakwa, now Greenville, New Jersey. He 
took the oath of allegiance to the king of Great 
Britain, November 20, 1665. He was a man 
of more than ordinary ability for the times, 
and soon acquired great influence among his 
neighbors. When the country was recaptured 
by the Dutch and the people expected a for- 
feiture of their lands, he with three others 
appeared at Fort William Hendrick, August 
18, 1672, that "then plantations be confirmed 
in the privileges which they obtained from the 
previous Patroons," When a contest arose 
between the town of Bergen and the inhabi- 
tants of Minkakwa and Pemprepogh concern- 
ing fences and the support of a schoolmaster, 



< 



<»^s^ ^'^i 




«-> 




-^C-^4vC^^''a?^^>^<^^2-'?S/^-^^'^ 



HUDSON AND J^IOHAWK VALLEYS 



S8i 



lie again appeared before the council to plead 
the cause of his neighbors. L'nder the act of 
November 7, 1668, for the marking of horses 
and cattle, he was appointed "Recorder and 
Marker for Minkakwa," April 6, 1670, and 
"Marker General" for the town of Bergen, 
October 8, 1676. On the last named day he 
was also appointed "Ranger" for Bergen, with 
power to name deputies "to range the woods 
and bring in stray horses, mares and cattle". 
He was commissioned a member of the Bergen 
court, February 16, 1677, February 18, 1680, 
and president of the same, August 31, 1681, 
and president of the county court, August 31, 
1682. 

He was a member of the governor's 
council for many years, appointed first March 
18, 1672. To him belongs the honor of hold- 
ing the first commission to administer "Crown- 
er's quest law" in the county, having been 
appointed January 18, 1672, to hold an in- 
quest on a child who had died under suspicious 
circumstances. Jointly with others he pur- 
chased, January 6, 1676, a large tract of 
land, then known as "New Hackensack," upon 
which he resided as early as 1688. He mar- 
ried Jannetje Jans, widow of Christian Barent- 
sen, September 12, 1658. With her he re- 
ceived a fortune consisting of about one hun- 
dred and forty-four florins "Heavy money, 
ten wampuns beads for one stiver." He also 
received with his wife, four sons, children of 
her first marriage. Laurens and Jannetje Van 
Buskirk both died in 1694, and left four sons: 
I. Andrus, a member of the sixth provincial 
assembly of New Jersey, 1710. 2. Laurens 
(2), a member of the fifth provincial assembly 
of New Jersey, 1709. 3. Pieter, married 
Trintje Harmanse. 4. Major Thomas E., see 
forward. 

(H) Major Thomas L. Van Buskirk, fourth 
son of Laurens A. and Jannetje Van Buskirk, 
was born about 1658. In a list of the mem- 
bers of the Hackensack (New Jersey) Dutch 
Church his name appears with that of his 
wife as members prior to 1700. His will, 
which is recorded in the office of the secretary 
of state at Trenton, New Jersey, is dated 
Hunterdon county, New Jersey. (Liber 5, 
page 539, 1743 to 1748). He probably was 
resident of Hackensack, Bergen county. New 
Jersey, as that was where his fourth son was 
born, and was the home of the two succeeding 
generations. Laurens and Andrus, his broth- 
ers, lived at Saddle River, Bergen county, 
while Pieter, the other brother, lived at Con- 
stapels Hoeck (Constable Hook), which he 
owned and where descendants yet reside. He 
married, about 1688, Marietje Hendrickje Van 
der Linde, who bore him children : John, Abra- 



ham, Pieter, Laurens (3), see forward; Isaac, 
Michael, Fitze, Geertruy and Margrietje. 

(III) Laurens, fourth son of Major Thom- 
as E. and Marietje H. (Van der Linde) Van 
Buskirk, was born at Hackensack, New Jer- 
sey, about 1704. He married. May 7, 1726, 
Sara, baptized in 1708, daughter of John Ter- 
hune, of Flatlands and Hackensack, and his 
wife Elizabeth Bartholf, daughter of Rev. 
Guillam Bartholf, the first settled pastor of 
the Dutch church of Hackensack. Sara sur- 
vived him, and married (second) Cornelia de 
Reamer, June 2, 1741. Laurens and Sara 
Van Buskirk had three children living at the 
time of their father's death: i. Altje, baptized 
in 1727. 2. Jan (John), baptized in 1729. 3. 
Hendrickja, baptized in 1732. See "Hacken- 
sack marriages," and "New York Genealogi- 
cal and Biographical Records," page 159. 

(IV) John, second child of Laurens and 
Sara (Terhune) Van Buskirk, was baptized 
at Hackensack, New Jersey, in May, 1729. He 
removed to Athens, Greene county. New York, 
and later settled on the Hoosick patent, at 
Hoosick, Rensselaer county, New -York, With 
nine others, September 27, 1770, he petitioned 
the government for ten thousand acres of land 
in New Hampshire, county of Gloucester, and 
within the province of New York. (See 
"New York Colonial Papers," vol. xxvii, page 
102). He married, about 1750, Esther Van 
Horn, born about 1729, died April 4, 1807. 
(See Dutch Ref. Church, Athens and Greene 
county history). 

(V) Martin, son of John and Esther (Van 
Horn) Van Buskirk, was born February 18, 
1755, died May 18, 1828. He was a resident 
of Hoosick, New York, and built the first 
bridge across the Hoosick river at that point. 
The village is now called "Buskirks Bridge." 
He was a soldier of the revolution, in the 
Second Company, Fourteenth Regiment, New 
York, in active service from July 23 to Oc- 
tober 13, 1779, from May 17 to June 17, 1780, 
and from October 10 to November 24, 1781. 
He was under Captain Jacob Yates, March 4, 
1780, Colonel Peter Yates regiment, and under 
Colonel Lewis Van Woert. (See "New York 
Rev. War Rolls.") He married, February 8, 
1780, Maria, born November 29, 1760, died 
February 17, 1842, daughter of Philip Van 
Ness, of an early Rensselaer county family. 
They were parents of ten children, among 
whom was Philip Van Ness, of whom further. 

(VI) Philip Van Ness, eldest son of Martin 
and Maria (Van Ness) Van Buskirk, was 
born November 2, 1780, died October 28, 
1865. Fle was a resident and in business at 
Lansingburg, Renssalaer county. New York. 
He married, April 22, 1801, Wealthea Ann 



• 582 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Day, born August 31, 1780, died January 18, 

tQai 

(VH) Catherine L. M., daughter of PhiHp 
Van Ness and Weahhea Ann (Day) Van Bus- 
kirk, was born February 9, 1815, died De- 
cember 9, 1884. She married, May 18, 1836, 
Richardson H. Thurman, of Troy, New York, 
and had issue. (See Thurman.) 

Several of this name came to 
JENKINS this country at an early date. 
Edward of Scituate, Massa- 
chusetts, is the probable ancestor of the branch 
of the family that settled in Hudson, New 
York. A branch is of Welsh descent and 
was founded in this country by David Jenkins 
about the year 1700. This is the Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, family. John Jenkins, 
of Barnstable, Massachusetts, came over in the 
"Defence" and settled in Plymouth, Massa- 
chusetts, and is the founder of many of the 
Jenkins families. Edward Jenkins came from 
England as an employee of Nathaniel Tilden 
in or prior to 1643, in which year his name 
first appears in the town records of Scituate, 
Massachusetts. He was one of the Conihas- 
sett partners in 1646; in 1647 was made a 
freeman. He kept an ordinary for several 
years, and was representative to the general 
court in 1657. He died at Scituate in 1699, 
and his will discloses the fact that he was one 
of the liberal Puritans then residing there, for 
in that document he says : "It is my will, that 
bread and beer be served at my funeral. Also 
that a sermon be preached." At that time 
among the more rigid Nonconformists, funeral 
sermons, or even prayers, were forbidden be- 
cause the established church observed these 
practices. The maiden name of his first wife 
is unknown. In 1684 he married (second) 
Mary Ripley, widow, of Hingham. His chil- 
dren of record were Thomas, Edward and 
Mary. The line of descent from Thomas can- 
not clearly be traced. A descendant of his 
settled on Martha's Vineyard and reared a 
family. 

(I) Joseph Jenkins, of Martha's Vineyard, 
died May 8, 1763. He was the father of 
seven children, of whom Lemuel (second) and 
Marshall (fourth) located in Hudson, Colum- 
bia county, New York, then called Claverack 
Landing. They were among the original pro- 
prietors of that city, which was founded in 
1785 by a few enterprising merchants from 
Providence, Rhode Island, Edgartown, Mar- 
tha's Vineyard and Nantucket, Massachusetts. 
Besides Lemuel and Marshall Jenkins, who 
were from Edgartown, there were Thomas, 
Seth, Charles and Deborah Jenkins, all but 
Thomas from Providence. Thomas was a very 



prominent, wealthy man and with his gold 
headed cane made a very imposing figure. 
They were all possessed of means which they 
employed in such ways as would most en- 
courage the business interests of the place. It 
is said of the Jenkins family that they brought 
with them to Hudson more than a quarter 
million of dollars. When the town became a 
city in 1785, Seth Jenkins was appointed by 
the governor the first mayor, and for the next 
thirty years a Jenkins was mayor of the city. 
Numerous and influential as they were, how- 
ever, at that time, there is now scarcely one of 
their descendants residents of the city to whose 
early prosperity their forbears so largely con- 
tributed, and with whose early history the 
name is so inseparably connected. Thomas 
Jenkins died in 1808, while in New York City 
temporarily. His remains were brought to 
Hudson and buried according to the rites of 
the Society of Friends, to which he belonged. 
No stone was erected over him ; and the spot 
cannot be identified. The relationship between 
Thomas, Seth and Marshall, was very close — 
probably uncle, nephew and cousin. They 
were closely related also in business and city 
affairs. 

(II) Marshall, son of Joseph Jenkins, was 
born at Martha's Vineyard, July 22, 1744, died 
in Hudson, New York, 181 1. He removed to 
Hudson, New York, where he is shown by 
the records to have been a member of the 
common council in 1787. The Jenkins family 
was very prominent in all branches of the city 
government. The first three mayors of the 
city were Seth, Thomas, and Robert Jenkins, 
for the years 1785-1813, appointed by the gov- 
ernor, and the name appears frequently in 
various offices down to 1850. Marshall Jen- 
kins by his first wife was the grandfather of 
General William Jenkins Worth, famous in 
American history as the hero of two wars, 
1812 and the Mexican. His statue stands in 
New York at the intersection of Broadway 
and Fifth Avenue (Madison Square). His 
second wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Gov- 
ernor Thomas Mayhew, of Martha's Vine- 
yard. 

(III) Marshall (2), son of Marshall (i) 
and Elizabeth (Mayhew) Jenkins, was born 
at Hudson, New York, and died there. He 
married Sarah, a daughter of Thomas Jenkins, 
and had issue. In 1812 he was a member of 
the common council of Hudson, having pre- 
viously served as assistant. 

(IV) Edgar, son of Marshall (2) and 
Sarah (Jenkins) Jenkins, was born in Hud- 
son, Columbia county. New York, February 
25, 1805, died in New York City, November 
9, 1846. He was a merchant, and soon after 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



583 



his marriage settled in New Orleans, Louisi- 
ana. Returning north he became an auction- 
eer of New York City. In 1837 he moved to 
Fort Gratiot, Michigan, where he was lessee 
of the fishery, and kept a store for supplying 
the soldiers at the fort. In 1843 he returned 
to New York City and resumed his business 
of auctioneer, remaining- there until his death 
three years later. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church and a Democrat. He 
married, October 20, 1831, at Albany, New 
York, Mary Elizabeth, born at Plattsburgh, 
New York, December 19, 1812, died at Sche- 
nectady, December 10, 1875, daughter of Reu- 
ben H. Walworth, chancellor of New York, 
and his wife, Maria Ketchum Averill. (See 
Walworth.) She survived him and resided at 
Saratoga Springs and Schenectady until her 
death. Her grave, with that of her husband, 
is in Greenridge cemetery, Saratoga Springs. 
Children: i. Walworth, born November 8, 
1832; entered United States Military Acad- 
emy, West Point, graduating 1853 ; served in 
regular army through the entire civil war, 
attaining rank of captain and brevet major; 
was in first battle of Bull Run ; later in com- 
mand at Louisville, Kentucky ; at close of war 
resigned from the army. 2. James Graham, 
July 18, 1834; lawyer; during President 
Cleveland's first term was appointed assistant 
judge eastern district of Wisconsin. During 
President Cleveland's second term he ap- 
pointed him circuit judge of the same district; 
Judge Jenkins is now (1909) living a retired 
life in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 3. Edgar Mar- 
shall, see forv/ard. 4. Clarence Trumbull, May 
25, 1838; a merchant. 5. Frances Walworth, 
married Frederick B. Hawley, of Albany, New 
York. 

(V) Edgar Marshall, son of Edgar and 
Mary Elizabeth (Walworth) Jenkins, was 
born in New York City, September 12, 1836. 
He was educated in the Columbia grammar 
school of New York, Troy (Vermont) Con- 
ference Academy, Kingston Academy, Ulster 
county. New York, and Poughkeepsie Colle- 
giate School, where he was graduated, class of 
1852. He made a specialty of mathematics, 
and so far distanced the other students in that 
branch that he was in a class alone. Leaving 
school, he at once entered the service of the 
state of New York, as civil engineer for the 
constructive work on the Erie canal, which 
position he held until i860. For a short time 
he was with the Pennsylvania railroad in 
New Jersey, as assistant engineer. In 1861 he 
entered the employ of the Pacific Steamship 
Company and went to California as purser. 
He remained with them until 1865, when he 
returned to Schenectady. For the next three 



years he was treasurer of the Watervliet 
Turnpike and Railroad Company, resigning in 
1869. In that year he became registrar of 
Union College, so continuing for fourteen 
years, resigning in 1883. In 1885 he was 
appointed chief examiner of the civil service 
commission of New York state, resigning in 
1886 on account of poor health. In 1904 
H. S. Barney, founder and head of the large 
department store bearing his name in Sche- 
nectady, died, and Mr. Jenkins was appointed 
one of three trustees of the Barney estate, and 
the manager. When the H. S. Barney Com- 
pany was formed he was elected president of 
the company, the largest concern of its kind 
in the city. During his many years of resi- 
dence in Schenectady, Mr. Jenkins has been 
intimately connected with the public and offi- 
cial life of that city. Politically he is a Demo- 
crat, and as the representative of that party 
was elected and served two years as city sur- 
veyor; as city recorder four and one half 
years; president of the board of water com- 
missioners three and one-half years. He was 
a competent and faithful city ofiicial and 
served his city well. Many of the city's sub- 
stantial improvements were constructed dur- 
ing his official life, and his practical engineer- 
ing knowledge and skill was of the greatest 
benefit to the city. Advancing years has com- 
pelled his partial retirement from active life, 
although his interest in all that concerns the 
public good is unabated. He is a member of 
the Phi Beta Kappa, Union College, and past 
master of St. George's Lodge, No. 6, Free 
and Accepted Masons, the charter of which 
was granted in 1774. He is also past high 
priest of St. George's Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons, both of Schenectady. He is a mem- 
ber of the iMohawk Club, of which he was 
president for several years and trustee for 
eight. He is the oldest elder of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Schenectady, of 
which he was trustee for many years. In all 
these he has always been an active working 
member and unfailing friend. 

While in the Pacific mail service he mar- 
ried, at Panama, Central America, October 27, 
1861, Fannie Myers, born July 14, 1838, in 
Kinderhook, New York, died September 10, 
1879. They have no issue. She was a daugh- 
ter of Major Mordecai Myers, born in 1776, 
died in 1871, a veteran of the war of 1812, in 
which he was wounded. He was past grand 
master of the Grand Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of New York, a member of 
the state legislature, and several times mayor 
of the city of Schenectady. Major Myers 
married Charlotte Bailey, sister of Admiral 
Theororus Bailey, second in command under 



584 



HUDSOX AND :\IOHAWK VALLEYS 



Farragut, and one of the small force of men 
landed from the warships who marched 
through the streets of hostile, defiant New Or- 
leans, to the City Hall and demanded the sur- 
render of the city. Major Myers and wife 
were the parents of ten children, of which 
Fannie (Mrs. Edgar M. Jenkins) was the 
youngest. Another child was Colonel Theoro- 
rus Bailey ]\Iyers, who was prominent social- 
ly in New York and Washington, D. C, and 
married a daughter of Sidney Mason, of New 
York City. He was a well known writer on 
historical subjects, his best known work be- 
ing: "Letters and Manuscripts of all the 
Signers of the Declaration of Independence," 
"The Tories or Loyalists in America," and 
"One Hundred Years Ago." 



Chancellor Reuben Hyde 
\\'ALWORTH ^^'alworth was of the 

fourth generation in this 
country and descended from William Wal- 
worth,' of Fishers Island, Sufifolk county, 
Long Island, New York. William, who emi- 
grated to America from near London, Eng- 
land, 1689, is the progenitor of all the Wal- 
worths of America. He claimed to be a 
descendant of Sir William Walworth, who 
was lord mayor of London at the time of the 
rebellion of Watte Tyler in the reign of Rich- 
ard II. The arms of the family of London 
and Suffolk is thus described by Burke : Gules, 
a bend engrailed, argent, between the two 
gaibs or. Crest : a cubit arm vested or, cuff 
argent, the arm grasping a dagger sinister im- 
brued gules pommel and hilt or. Motto : 
"Strike "for the laws." He came to America 
in 1689, at the special instance of Fitz John 
Winthrop, then major general, commanding 
the forces of the colony and afterwards gov- 
ernor. It was Winthrop's desire to introduce 
upon Fishers Island the English system of 
farming, with which Walworth was known to 
be well acquainted. He was the first lessee 
and settler upon the island. To it he carried 
his young wife and here most of his children 
were born. He was the sole citizen and could 
say, "I am monarch of all I survey." He was 
above all town meetings, sheriffs, constables 
and law officers. He made his own roads and 
mended them. No man unless a Winthrop 
had a right to hunt there. How long his in- 
dependence lasted is not known, probably not 
since the revolution, when New York became 
a sovereign state. On this island he resided 
for nine years in safety. The Indian wars 
of Connecticut did not alarm him. There 
was some danger from French privateers, but 
the real danger that finally drove him to the 
mainland for safety was from the pirate, 



Captain Kidd. This was about 1699. He 
settled in Groton on Fort Hill. Here he 
passed the remainder of his days. He died 
in 1703. His will and the record of it was 
burned at the time of the capture of New 
London by Benedict Arnold. He vi'as a Con- 
gregationalist, and he and his wife were bap- 
tized at New London, January 14, 1691-92, 
at which time the record states : "William 
Walworth and wife owned the Covenant and 
were baptized with their infant daughter 
Martha." In 1690 he married Mary Seaton, 
who came from England on the same ship 
with him. She was an orphan. She remained 
a widow forty-nine years, and died January 
14, 1752. She was left with seven children. 
She was a woman of rare wisdom and ability. 
She increased the value of the estate, and the 
children all began life with an increased equal 
share with her of the estate. All the sons were 
farmers and seem to have had ample means 
which they freely invested in more land. The 
daughters married and lived outside Groton 
with husbands of ample fortune. Children : 
I. William (2), born on Fishers Island, Jan- 
uary, 1694, died May 17, 1774; married, Jan- 
uary 16, 1720, Mary, daughter of Captain 
Samuel Avery. 2. John, see forward. 3. 
Thomas, born on Fishers Island, JNIay, 1701 ; 
married Phoebe Stark, of Groton. 4. James, 
twin of Thomas, died before attaining his ma- 
jority. Daughters were : Martha, married, 
November 10, 1715, John Stark. Mary, mar- 
ried Abiel Stark. Joanna, youngest, married 
and continued to reside in Groton. 

(II) John, of Groton, second son of Wil- 
liam, of Fishers Island, and Mary (Seaton) 
Walworth, was born on that island in 1696, 
died 1748, buried in Wrightman cemetery, as 
is his wife and several of his children. He 
was a wealthy farmer and ship builder and 
owner. His inventory mentions four negro 
servants, fifty horned cattle, eight hundred 
and twelve sheep, a stud of thirty-two horses 
and seventy-seven ounces of wrought silver 
plate. He was appointed cornet of a troop 
of dragoons in the Eighth Connecticut Regi- 
ment and afterwards captain. In November, 
1 718, he married Sarah B., only child of Cap- 
tain Richard Dunn (2), and his wife, Hannah 
or Elizabeth Bailey, of Newport, Rhode Is- 
land. She died November i, 1778, in her 
seventieth year. Children: i. Samuel, mar- 
ried Hannah Woodbridge. 2. Sylvester, sol- 
dier of the revolution and victim of the Fort 
Griswold massacre ; his name is preserved on 
the tall monument that overlooks his burial 
place, Ledyard cemetery, and the scene of the 
massacre, he married Sarah Holmes, of Ston- 
ington. 3. William, married Sarah Grant, of 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



58s 



Stonington. 4. James, unmarried. 5. Benja- 
min, see forward. 6. Philena, married Joseph 
Minor, of Groton. 7. Sarah, married Benja- 
min Brown. 8. Abigail, unmarried. 

(HI) Benjamin, yormgest son of John, of 
Groton, and Sarah (Holmes) Walworth, was 
born at Groton, Connecticut, November 11, 
1746. He was a hatter in early life and 
worked at that trade at Poughkeepsie and in 
Minisink, Orange county. New York. He 
was a merchant later at Nine Partners in com- 
pany with Philip Hart, of Troy. He also had 
a store at Schaghticoke, Rensselaer county. 
He later sold his interest and settled on a farm 
in Norwich. In 1792 he removed to Hoosick, 
New York, where he was both farmer and 
mill owner, and where he was killed by his 
horse, February 26, 1812. He is buried in 
Union cemetery, Hoosick Falls. He had a 
revolutionary career as quartermaster of Colo- 
nel Nichol's New York regiment. He was 
engaged at the battle of White Plains, where 
he served as adjutant to Colonel Nichol. In 
1782 he married Apphia Hyde, of Bozrah, 
Connecticut, widow of Captain Samuel Car- 
dell, a learned grammarian and author of 
"Jack Halyard the Sailor Boy." She was a 
daughter of Rev. Jedediah Hyde, great grand- 
son of William Hyde, one of the original pro- 
prietors of Norwich, Connecticut. Her mo- 
ther was Jerusha, granddaughter of the first 
John Tracy who married Mary Winslow, 
daughter of John and Mary (Chilton) Wins- 
low, who came over in the "Fortune," 1621, 
the latter in the "Mayflower," 1620. Children 
of Benjamin and Apphia (Hyde) Walworth: 
I. Rosamond, married (first) Oliver Barbour, 
(second) Benjamin Randall. 2. John, entered 
the United States army and was captain of 
the Sixth Regiment United States Infantry 
and was at the battles of Little York and 
Fort George in Canada during the war of 
1812-14, where he was wounded; General 
Pike was killed at his side during the first 
battle ; he attained the rank of major ; married 
(first) Sarah, daughter of Colonel Jonas Si- 
monds, of the army, no issue; married (sec- 
ond) Catherine M., daughter of Judge Wil- 
liam Bailey, of Plattsburgh. 3. James Clinton, 
removed to Otsego, where for twenty years he 
was judge of the county court; married 
(first) Helen Talcott, daughter of Deacon 
Andrew Sill, of Burlington, New York; (sec- 
ond) Maria M. Haynes, a descendant in the 
seventh generation of Jonathan Haynes, the 
first of Newbury, Massachusetts, who came 
from England in 1635. 4. Reuben Hyde, of 
later mention. 5. Sarah Dunn, married Field 
Dailee. 6. Benjamin, was a physician and 
surgeon of Hoosick and Fredonia, New York, 



and for many years one of the judges of the 
court of common pleas of Chautauqua county. 
New York ; married Charlotte Eddy, of Hoo- 
sick. 7. Apphia, married David J. Mattison, 
of Arlington, Vermont, and later a farmer of 
Fredonia, New York. 8. Jedediah, a lawyer, 
unmarried. 9. Hiram, who though a mere 
boy was in the battle of Plattsburgh in the war 
of 1812, being one of Captain Allen's com- 
pany of volunteers. He married Delia Ara- 
bella, daughter of Judge Jonathan Griffin, of 
Plattsburgh, New York ; he was assistant reg- 
ister of the United States court of chancery 
succeeding his brother. Major John. 10. Ann 
Eliza, married Charles Theodore Piatt, then 
a midshipman, afterward a master and com- 
mander in the United States navy ; it was said 
at his burial service, "Under any other gov- 
ernment upon the globe an Admiral's insignia 
instead of a commander's, would have been 
borne upon his coffin." 

(IV) Reuben Hyde, third son of Benjamin 
and Apphia (Hyde) Walworth, is known as 
the last chancellor of the state of New York. 
He was born at Bozrah, Connecticut, October 
26, 1788, where the first four years of his life 
were passed, and died at Saratoga Springs, 
New York, November 28, 1867. He re- 
ceived his early education in the schools of 
Hoosick, New York, and where the greater 
part of his childhood was spent. He began 
his law studies at Troy, New York, in De- 
cember, 1806. in the ofiice of John Russell, 
a noted practitioner of his day. In 1810 he 
was admitted to the New York bar and began 
practice jn Plattsburgh at once. During the 
next thirteen years he was successively justice 
of the peace, master in chancery, supreme 
court commissioner, colonel of militia and 
member of congress. In April, 1823, he was 
appointed circuit judge of the fourth judicial 
district of the state of New York, and in 
October of that year removed his residence 
from Plattsburgh to Albany, where he resided 
several years, when he removed to Saratoga 
Springs. He held the office of circuit judge 
for five years, and in April, 1828, was ap- 
pointed chancellor of the state of New York. 
During the war of 1812-14 he was in the 
United States military service. He was aid 
to Major General Mooers at the invasion of 
Plattsburgh by the British army in September, 
1814, and at the battles of September 6 and 
II was acting as adjutant general. In 1844- 
45 he was appointed by President Tyler to 
the high office of justice of the supreme court 
of the L'nited States, but the nomination was 
opposed by several senators, principally by 
Henry Clay, and the appointment was recalled, 
Samuel Nelson being substituted and con- 



586 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



firmed. In the general election of 1848 he 
was the Democratic candidate for governor of 
New York, but was defeated by the defection 
of IMartin Van Buren and other "Free Soilers" 
from the party. At the breaking out of the 
civil war Chancellor Walworth, although 
strongly loyal to the Union, was an earnest 
advocate of conciliation and a prominent dele- 
gate to the so-called peace convention. A 
speech of his, made on that occasion, was 
spread throughout the Union. His appeal may 
have been hopeless and perhaps inopportune, 
but it was a most touching appeal for peace, 
and does credit to his humanity and kindliness 
of spirit. As a jurist he was of the most 
painstaking and just type as the law reports 
of his decisions attest. He had literary geni- 
us of the highest order and left many writings 
of value to posterity. 

He married (first) January 16, 1812, Maria 
Ketchum Averill, born December 31, 1795, 
at Plattsburgh, died at Saratoga Springs, April 
24, 1847, daughter and eldest child of Nathan 
and Mary (Ketchum) Averill. She was a 
descendant of William Averill, the first who 
came from Milford Haven, Wales, and settled 
in Topsfield, Massachusetts, through his son, 
Isaac Averill, of Kent, Connecticut, who was 
born about 1685. Daniel, son of Isaac Averill, 
married Lucy Cogswell, of New London, Con- 
necticut. Children : Nathan, married Rosan- 
na Noble, of Plattsburgh, New York, maternal 
aunt of Rev. Jeremiah Day, a president of 
Yale College. Nathan (2), son of Nathan 
and Rosanna (Noble) Averill, married, and 
among his children was Maria 'Ketchum 
Averill, first wife of Chancellor Walworth. He 
married (second) April 16, 1851, Sarah 
Ellen, youngest daughter of Horace Smith, of 
Locust Grove, Kentucky, and widow of Col- 
onel John J. Hardin, killed February 23, 1847, 
at the battle of Buena Vista, Mexico. She 
survived the chancellor several years, dying 
at Saratoga Springs, July 15, 1874. Children 
by first marriage: I. Mary Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Edgar Jenkins (see Jenkins IV). 2. 
Sarah, married John Mason Davison, of Sar- 
atoga Springs, ex-register of court of chan- 
cery, president and general superintendent of 
the Saratoga & Whitehall Railroad Company. 
3. Ann Eliza, married Rev. J. Eleazer Trum- 
bull Backus, D. D., LL. D., a descendant of 
Lieutenant William Backus, one of the thirty- 
five organized proprietors of Norwich, Con- 
necticut. 4. Rev. Clarence A., LL. D., entered 
the priesthood of the Roman Catholic church 
and spent seventeen years in "Missions" in 
England and the United States ; in 1866 he 
became rector of St. Mary's parish, Albany; 
he received the degree of LL. D., from the 



Regents of the University of the State of New 
York, July 6, 1887; he is the author of many 
published works, various sermons and articles 
contributed to the periodical and daily press ; 
previous to entering the priesthood he grad- 
uated from Union College, studied law and 
was admitted to the New York bar. 5. Mans- 
field Tracy, graduated from Union College 
and was a lawyer, as well as a novelist of 
high repute ; his wife, Ellen Hardin, was an 
active member of the Saratoga board of edu- 
cation and served for many years as trustee 
of the Saratoga Monument Association ; to her 
judgment, zeal and energy the public are in- 
debted for the many memorial tablets with 
which the battle ground from Bemis Heights 
to Schuylerville has been enriched and illus- 
trated; she is the author of "Battles of Sara- 
toga," including a guide to the battle ground, 
with maps and a history of the Monument 
Association. 6. Frances De Lord, died in 
childhood. By his second marriage Chancellor 
Walworth had one child: Reuben Hyde (2), 
died in infancy. By her marriage with Col- 
onel Hardin, Mrs. Sarah Ellen (Smith-Har- 
din) Walworth had: i. Ellen, married Mans- 
field Tracy Walworth, fifth child of her step- 
father. 2. Martin D., graduate of West Point, 
lieutenant in the United States army^ i860; 
colonel of volunteers in 1862; was dangerous- 
ly wounded at Second Bull Run, was in the 
Peninsula battles of 1862, Gettysburg, 1863, 
and retired at the end of the war. 3. Lemuel 
Smith, lawyer and journalist of New York 
City. 4. Elizabeth, died in infancy. 



"Some account of the ancient 
SPICER family of Spicers taken from an 

original manuscript extracted 
from a chronological description of the county 
of Devon written by Tristram Risden, gent., 
of Winscott Devon A. D., 17 14 (page 650, 
appendex II)." 

"Three brothers of this name (Spicer) who 
were of an honorable family in Normandy 
came over as gentleman volunteers with Wil- 
liam the Conqueror. The first settled in Dev- 
onshire, the second in Warwickshire, the third 
in Kent; the two former still remain in the 
said country. Of the state of which family an 
abstract is here given from an original MSS., 
written in the thirty-sixth year of Queen Eliza- 
beth's reign (1594), which gives an account of 
them from their first being officers and magis- 
trates of the honorable city of Exeter, begin- 
ning with the first year of Edward I. and con- 
tinuing down in the same family to the seventh 
Queen Anne which to the present year, 1714, 
is Four Hundred and forty-one years, of which 
time there have been twelve Mayors of the 
city of Exeter of this name, and the particular 
time of each as hereafter mentioned. T'is ob- 
servable that few families can show such a 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



587 



precedence of the office of Mayor of so an- 
cient and honorable city, continuing for so long 
a course of years, their estate being also equiv- 
alent to their antiquity — they having also be- 
stowed a considerable one on the Chamber of 
Exeter to uphold its grandeur. Their arms are 
here represented: 'Partie per pale. Mars at Sa- 
turn; in bende, three turrets of the soune co- 
tyzed and a border grayley erniyb.' Motto: 
'Fortessimus qui se.' " Abstract^ of a manu- 
script of IS94 as given by Tristram Risden, 
1714: "In the reign of King Edward III. John 
Spicer by sundry times Mayor of the city of 
Exeter and in the third year of his Mayoralty, 
being the thirty-first of the said year of the 
King's reign anno, 1357, he received private 
letters from the king and also a commission 
under the great seal of England dated the 25th 
of March and directed thus: To our loving the 
Mayor of our honorable city of Exeter, for three 
ships to be provided and sent unto him and to 
be well and thoroughally appointed, to the ears 
and for the defense of the realm against the 
French King, who had then a great fleet and 
navy on the seas of men of war, which thing 
the Mayor with all celerity performed and in 
the year following he also being Mayor, the 
Prince called the Black Prince came frorn out 
of France and brought him prisoner. 'King 
John of France' whom he had taken a little 
while before at Poicturs. He landed at Ply- 
mouth and came to this city, whom the Mayor 
received and the king his prisoner with all the 
honor he could and entertained him most bounti- 
fully and after the best manner he might, which 
the Prince did not only thankfully receive, but 
he made also his father' acquainted with the 
same, who sendest back his commendation unto 
the said Mayor." "The family of Spicer in the 
times of Edward I., II. and III. were officers 
and magistrates and were then considered for 
their many and gentlemanly like qualities and 
virtues, for in those days such men, for their 
wisdom and not their wealth, were magistrates 
and governors of the city and in all places of 
trust." 

Mayors of the city of Exeter of the name of 
Spicer: 

John Spicer in the first year of Kmg Edward 
I., 1273. John Spicer in the twenty-sixth year 
of King Edward III., 13S2. John Spicer in the 
twenty-seventh year of King Edward III., I3S3- 
John Spicer in the thirtieth year of King Ed- 
ward III., 1356. John Spicer in the thirty-second 
year of King Edward III., 1358. John Spicer 
in the thirty-third year of King Edward III., 
1359. Nicholas Spicer in the thirty-fourth year 
of Queen Elizabeth, 1592. Thomas Spicer in 
the thirty-fifth year of Queen Elizabeth, 1593. 
Nicholas Spicer in the forty-fifth year of Queen 
Elizabeth, 1603. Nicholas Spicer in the fifth 
year of King Charles I., 1629. Nicholas Spicer 
in the twentieth year of King Charles I., 1644. 
Edward Spicer in the seventh year of Queen 
Anne, 1708. 

William Spicer, born in 1688, will dated 
1762, was a master in chancery, died unmar- 
ried. His sister was his heir-at-law, but he 
left large fortunes to the two grandsons of 
his brother Edward, of whom William Spi- 
cer, of Wear House in the county of Devon, 
sometime member of parliament for the city 



of Exeter and high sheriflf for the county in 
1764, was baptized in 1733, died 1788. He 
married Elizabeth, second daughter of and 
co-heir of Francis Parker, of Blagden, uncle 
of the first JjDrd Boringden, ancestor of the 
present Earl of Morley. Elizabeth Spicer, 
who married James Bruce, of Kennaird, in 
1798, was their third daughter, born in 1783, 
died in 1876, aged ninety-three years. They 
had one daughter, Mary Elizabeth, who suc- 
ceeded her father in 1810. She had one daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth Mary, Countess of Elgin and 
Kencardine, who died June 7, 1843. 

(I) The New England ancestor of the Spi- 
cers came to Connecticut, after having first 
made settlement in Virginia. He settled in 
Connecticut, in the town of Groton, in the 
part now known as Ledyard. He was a land- 
holder there in 1688. He married, in War- 
wick, December 15, 1670, Mary Bassaker or, 
as the records have, Mary Busecot, daughter 
of Peter and Mary (Geer) Busecot. Peter 
Busecot was a blacksmith and could make 
better nails and make them quicker than any 
smith in the colony. He was rather high- 
spirited in his youth, without much regard of 
those in authority, but after the settlement of 
Warwick, Rhode Island, he seems to have set- 
tled down and was at one time town sergeant. 
In 1693 he was granted land for his services 
to the colony and the town of Warwick. Pe- 
ter Spicer served with the militia of Connecti- 
cut, in the Pequot war, and received a grant 
of land at Voluntown for his services. He 
had sons: Edward, Samuel, Peter, William, 
Jabesh; daughters: Abigail, Ruth, Hannah, 
Jane, Mary and Sarah. 

(II) Edward, eldest son of Peter and Mary 
(Bassaker or Busecot) Spicer, was living in 
1 73 1, and is thought to have died in 1732-33. 
He is mentioned frequently in the records of 
Groton as surveyor of highways, viewer of 
fences, juryman and committeeman on school 
lands. In 1718 it was decided that "Edward 
Spicer shall take care of the youth on the 
Lord's day." In 1719 he deeded all his lands 
to his son, only reserving a living for himself 
and wife. He married Katherine Stone, his 
cousin, daughter of Hugh and Abigail (Buse- 
cot) Stone. Children: Katherine, born Oc- 
tober 6, 1696. John, see forward; Mary, 
May 8, 1701 ; Anne, May 28, 1703; Jerusha, 
August 2, 1706; Abigail, April 8, 1708; Je- 
mima, April 14, 1710. 

(III) John, only son of Edward and Kath- 
erine (Stone) Spicer, was born January i, 
1698, died August 28, 1753. He is mentioned 
in the Groton records as selectman, lister and 
surveyor of highways. His will is recorded 
in Stonington. He married Mary Geer, born 



588 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK A^ALLEYS 



May 14, 1701, daughter of Robert and Martha 
(Tyler) Geer. Children: i. Edward, born 
April 4, 1721, died about 1742; was twice mar- 
ried. 2. John, see forward. 3. Oliver, born 
May 28, 1726; married, August 5, 1749, Al- 
thea Allyn. 4. Abigail, born December 16, 
1729; married, May 31, 1750, Daniel Geer. 
5. Priscilla. 6. Abel, born March 9, 1736; 
married January xi, 1762, Sarah Allyn. 

(IV) John (2), son of John (i) and Mary 
(Geer) Spicer, was born February 15, 1724, 
died June 28, 1769. He married Mercy Chap- 
man, born October 13, 1723, died September 
21, 1812, in her eighty-ninth year, daughter of 
William and Mercy (Stoddard) Chapman. 
Children : i. Mercy, born August 4, 1745, died 
December 7, 1745. 2. Mary, January 24, 
1747, died January 10, 1750. 3. John, April 
20, 1749, died October 8, 1826; served in the 
revolution; married, December 29, 1774, Mary 
Park. 4. Cyrus, see forward. 5. Molly, Jan- 
uary 27, 1753. 6. Keziah, March 13, 1755. 7. 
Solomon, (jctober 6, 1757, died October 11, 
1757. 8. Abel J., June i, 1762; married, No- 
vember 13, 1778, Sarah Park;- he had three 
wives ; he was the father of Park Spicer. 9. 
Mercy, August 5, 1764; married Joseph Ran- 
dall. Mercy (Chapman) Spicer survived her 
husband; she married (second) Daniel Ellis 
and was left a widow a second time and in 
destitute circumstances. Her sons, John and 
Cyrus, entered into an agreement concerning 
her support which is on record in Groton. 

(V) Cyrus, second son and fourth child of 
John (2) and Mercy (Chapman) Spicer, was 
born March 13, 1751, died December i, 1826. 
He married, July 28, 1771, Mary Eddy, born 
December 18, 1750, died July 31, 1828, a 
descendant of Rev. William Eddye, A. M., 
vicar of Crandpool, England, from 1590 to 
1616, through his son, John Eddy, the Ameri- 
can ancestor, who arrived at Plymouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, October 29, 1630 (see Eddy V). 
Children: i. Mary, born March 31, 1773; 
married Darius Thurber. 2. John, see for- 
ward. 3. Ruth, born February 28, 1778, died 
February 18, 1797. 4. Allan, born January i, 
1780, died April 10, 1862; married, December 
31, 1813, Sarah Williams. 5. Cynthia, born 
March 4, 1782, died May 5, 181 1. 6. Cyrus, 
born June 30, 1784, died January 21, 1853; 
married Tammie Cross ; had eight children. 
7. Solomon, born April 5, 1787, died Novem- 
ber 27, 1820; had a son. Dr. Solomon. 8. 
Sophia, born January 17, 1792, died January 
24, 1854; married Colonel Erastus Geer. 

(VI) John (3), eldest son of Cyrus and 
Mary (Eddy) Spicer, was born June 26, 
1775, died' April 12, 1842. He married, De- 
cember 7, 1806, Mary, daughter of Samuel 



and Mary (Barnett) Thompson, and grand- 
daughter of Anthony Thompson. She was- 
btjrn August 9, 1783, died January 14, 1870. 
Children, born in Hoosac, New York: i. 
John Eddy, see forward. 2. Mary Barnett, 
born March 14, i8og, died August 14, 1863 ;. 
married Gardner Wood ; children : Esther 
Ann and John G. 3. Caroline Thompson, 
October 24, 1810, died March 30, 1893 ; mar- 
ried Elias Agan ; daughter, Lomira, deceased. 
4. Louisa Augusta, September 28, 1812, died 
unmarried February 27, 1870. 5. Cynthia Mi- 
randa, September 9, 1814, died 1898; married^ 
October 19, 1837, Job Gibbs ; children : Charles 
N., Mary L., Edmond L., Julia A., Alfred 
G., Lorenzo J. and James A. 6. Adeline Delia, 
September 2, 1816, died April 15, 185 1 ; mar- 
ried, 1834, Andrew Wood ; children : Clolena 
Louise. Mary Lovira and Almond. 7. Cor- 
nelia Thompson, December 21, 1818, died May 

4, 1876; married, 1841, Henry Monroe; chil- 
dren : Marie Antoinette, Anna Mary and 
Louisa Augusta. 8. Theron Chapman, Au- 
gust 30, 1820; married, December 12, 1852, 
Hannah Anna Robbins ; children : George Al- 
bert, Mary Isabel, le Grand Theron Chapman,, 
Victoria Adelaide ; he died in Troy, New 
York, February 14, 1896. 9. Sidney Anthony, 
January 27, 1822, died May 6, 1877; married 
Sarah Knibloe ; children : Frank Knibloe and 
Lizzie Sherburn. 10. Alicia Blatchford, 
March i, 1824; married (first) September 10, 
1849, Bradford K. Hawes; (second) 1874,- 
Abner Durfee. 

(VII) John Eddy, eldest child of John (3) 
and Mary (Thompson) Spicer, was born in- 
Hoosac, New York, September 23, 1807, died 
in Troy, New York, October 13, 1885. He 
was for many years engaged in the lumber 
business, and was a successful man of affairs. 
He was a Republican in politics, and a Uni- 
versalist in religious belief. He was the first 
of his family to settle in Troy, New York. He 
married, October 20, 1830, Margaret Der- 
rick, born in Providence, New York, Decem- 
ber 9. 1806, died in Troy, October 14, 1883, 
daughter of John Derrick, of Brunswick, New 
York, and his wife, Sarah (Clawson) Der- 
rick, born in New York City. Children : i. 
A son, born 1832, died unnamed. 2. John- 
Derrick; June 26, 1834, died February 17, 
1905; married, 1859, Mary Hammond; chil- 
dren : Lizzie Fitch, born 1858; married George 
B. Pattison, a lawyer of Troy, New York, 
and Mary Thompson. 3. Sarah Jane, 1836; 
unmarried ; a resident and highly esteemed 
lady of Troy, New York. 4. Mary Louisa, 
September 27, 1839, died February 25. 1841. 

5. Anna Eliza, March 10, 1846, died March; 
22, 1906; unmarried. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



589 



(The Eddy Line). 

(I) Rev. William Eddye, A. M., vicar of 
the church of St. Demstan, of the town of 
Cranbrook, county of Kent, England, was 
educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, Eng- 
land. He married, November 20, 1757, Mary 
Posten, who died July, 161 1. He married 
(second) in 1614, a widow, Elizabeth Taylor. 
He had ten children by first marriage and one 
by second marriage. 

(H) John, son of Rev. William Eddye, was 
born March, 1597, died 1684. He came to 
America with his brother Samuel in the ship 
"Handmaid," John Grant, master, arriving at 
Plymouth, Massachusetts, October 29, 1630, 
after a stormy voyage of twelve weeks. Prior 
to 1631-32 he settled at Watertown, Massa- 
chusetts ; was admitted freeman, September 3, 
1634 ; elected selectman, 1635-36-37. He 

married (first) Amy — > , the mother of 

his nine children. Married (second) Joan- 
na , who died August 25, 1683. 

(H) Samuel, son of Rev. William Eddye, 
was born May, 1608, died 1685. He and John 
Eddy left London, August 16, 1630, and ar- 
rived in Plymouth, Massachusetts, twelve 
weeks later. He settled at Plymouth where 
he became one of the largest landowners, own- 
ing land also in other towns. In 163 1 his as- 
sessment was one-half that of Captain Stand- 
ish. On January i, 163 1, he was admitted a 
freeman and took the oath. His wife Eliza- 
. beth was fined ten shillings for "wringing 
out" clothes on the Lord's day, which fine was 
afterwards remitted. In 1660 she was again 
summoned before the court to answer to the 
charge of travelling on Sunday from Ply- 
mouth to Boston. She proved her visit was 
one of mercy, to visit a sick friend, and the 
court excused her but she was admonished. 
Samuel and Elizabeth Eddy had five chil- 
dren. 

(III) Zechariah, son of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth Eddy, was born 1639, died September 4, 
1718. He was a farmer. He resided in Ply- 
mouth, Middleboro and Swansea. He also 
learned the trade of shipwright. He married 
(first) Alice Paddock, May 7, 1663; she was 
born March 7, 1640, died September 24, 1692; 
married (second) a widow, Abigail Smith, 
whose daughter, Bethiah, afterward married 
Caleb Eddy, son of Zechariah Eddy. He had 
nine children, all by first wife. 

(IV) Obadiah, son of Zechariah and Alice 
(Paddock) Eddy, was born September 2, 
1683. He lived in Swansea, Massachusetts. 
Married, December 9, 1709, Abigail Devo- 
tion ; eight children. 

(V) Constant, eldest child of Obadiah and 
Abigail (Devotion) Eddy, was born Septem- 



ber 7, 1710, died November 16, 1784. He 
married, December 16, 1733, Mary Wenslow, 
born April 26, 1716, died September 7, 1784. 
Children: i. Devotion, born September 8, 
1734, died June 9, 1813, at Partition, New 
York ; he owned privateers in the revolution- 
ary war ; he married Mary Sherman, who 
lived to be ninety-five years of age; his son 
Gilbert was a revolutionary soldier and was 
a general of division in the war of 1812 in 
New York state ; a grandson of Devotion 
Eddy, Russell, son of Gilbert, was paymaster 
in the army in 1812; Devotion Eddy was the 
father of eight children. 2. Silva, February 
27, 1736; married, June 4, 1753, Jacob Avery, 
of Groton ; eleven children. 3. Jemima, Oc- 
tober 13, 1737; married, April 10, 1755, John 
Slade ; five children. 4. Abigail, November 
19, 1739; married, August 26, 1762, Rev. Ed- 
ward Thenber. 5. Tisdall, January 16, 1743; 
married and had five children. 6. Ruth, July 
II, 1744; married Simeon Button. 7. Eliza- 
beth, October 25, 1745; married Ebenezer 
Winslow. 8. Obadiah, March 21, 1746; mar- 
ried, June 15, 1769, Lois Palmer; four chil- 
dren. 9. Mary, December 16, 1750; married, 
July 28, 1771, Cyrus Spicer (see Spicer V). 



The coat-of-arms of this 
THACHER noted New England colonial 
family is described thus : 
gules, a cross moline argent, on a chief d'or 
three grasshoppers argent ; crest, a grasshop- 
per proper. Antiquarians incline to class the 
Thacher surname with other patronymics of 
remote English origin, and while hardly more 
than indefinite attempts have been made to 
trace its origin, the results achieved in that 
direction have not been entirely satisfactory; 
hence we are able to .record only two genera- 
tions of the English family, anterior to that 
of the immigrant ancestor who came over to 
New England in the year 1635. 

(I) Rev. Peter Thacher, earliest ancestor 
of the particular family here considered, of 
whom there appears definite knowledge, was 
instituted vicar of the parish of Queen Camel, 
England, in 1554, and continued in that office 
until the time of his death, 1624. There is 
ample reason for the belief that this Peter 
Thacher was father of Rev. Peter Thacher, 
first of Milton Clevedon and afterward of 
Salisbury, England. 

(II) Rev. Peter (2) Thacher, who is be- 
lieved to have been a son of Rev. Peter (i) 
Thacher, of the parish of Queen Camel, was 
born in Somersetshire, England, entered 
Queen's College, Oxford, ]\Iay 6, 1603, took 
the degree of A. B. at Corpus Christi, 1608, 
and the degree of A. M. in 161 1. He was in- 



S90 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



stalled vicar of Milton Clevedon, Somerset- 
shire, 1616, became rector of St. Edmund's 
Church, Salisbury, Wiltshire, 1622, and sus- 
tained that office until his death, February 19, 
1640. He was interred under the altar tomb 
which still stands on the north side of the 
churchyard of St. Edmund's, and which bears 
this inscription : "Here lyeth the bodye of 
Mr. Peter Thacher. who was a laborious min- 
ister of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in the 
Parish of St. Edmunds for ye space of XIX 
yeares. He departed this lyfe the Lord's Day, 
at three of the clock, ye XI of February 1640. 
Let no man move his bones." The baptismal 
name of Peter Thacher's wife was Anne ; chil- 
dren : Thomas, born May i, 1620; see for- 
ward ; Martha, November, 1623 ; Elizabeth, 
January, 1625; John, January, 1627; Samuel, 
1638; Barnabas, August, 1640. There is no 
record to indicate that any of these children 
other than Thomas ever came to this country. 

(Ill) Rev. Thomas Thacher, eldest son of 
Rev. Peter (2) and Anne Thacher, was born 
at Milton Clevedon, Somersetshire, England, 
May I, 1620, died in Boston, in the colony of 
Massachusetts bay, October 15, 1687. He 
«arly became a convert to the Puritan princi- 
ples advocated by his father in the ministry, 
and on account of which the latter himself had 
determined to come to America, but was com- 
pelled to change his plans and remain in the 
mother country, much against his desire. 
Thomas embarked in the ship "James," in 
company with the family of his uncle, An- 
thony Thacher, and arrived in New England, 
June 4, 1635, at Ipswich. Soon afterward 
Anthony Thacher had occasion to pass from 
Ipswich to Marblehead and embarked in a 
small vessel for the short voyage ; but young 
Thomas Thacher, says 'Dr. Cotton Mather's 
"Magnalia," "had such a strong impression 
upon his mind about the issue of the voyage 
that he, with another, would needs go by the 
land, and so escaped perishing with some of 
his pious and precious friends by sea." His- 
tory records the events of this momentous 
voyage and how the vessel encountered a se- 
vere storm in the night of August 14, 1635, 
and was cast upon the rocky shores of an is- 
land off the eastern extremity of Cape Ann ; 
and how, of the twenty-three passengers on 
toard, only two, Anthony Thacher and his 
wife, survived the disaster, and even they lost 
all the goods carried on board the ship. In 
allusion to this event, Thacher's Island re- 
ceived its name, and is so called to this day. 

Thomas Thacher studied theologv under the 
instruction of Rev. Charles Chauncey, of Sci- 
tuate, Massachusetts, who afterward became 
second president of Harvard College. His 



first pastorate was at Weymouth, Massachu- 
setts, where he was ordained and installed 
January 2, 1645, ^^^d he continued there until 
1664, when he removed to Boston. In Wey- 
mouth he was the first practitioner of medi- 
cine, and in Boston he practiced medicine from 
1664 until February 16, 1670, when he was 
ordained first pastor of the historic old South 
Church. "In his ministerial labors, he was 
most faithful and affectionate; among his ex- 
cellencies was a peculiar spirit of prayer, and 
he was remarkable for the copious, fluent and 
fervid manner of performing the sacred exer- 
cise." President Stiles speaks of him as "the 
best Arabic scholar known in the country," 
and always says that he published a Hebrew 
lexicon. As a physician he wrote a medical 
treatise called "A brief Guide to the Common 
People in the Small Pox and Measles," which 
is said to have been the first work of its kind 
printed in Massachusetts. Mr. Thacher mar- 
ried (first). May 11, 1643, Eliza, daughter of 
Rev. Ralph Partridge, of Duxbury, Massachu- 
setts. She died at Weymouth, June 2, 1664, 
and he married (second) in 1665, Margaret, 
widow of Jacob Sheaf and daughter of Henry 
Webb. Children by first wife: i. Thomas, 
died April 2, 1686; was a merchant in Boston ; 
married Mary, daughter of Thomas Savage. 
2. Ralph (or Rodulphus), entered the minis- 
try and preached many years at Childmark, 
Martha's Vineyard; married, January i, 1670, 
Ruth, daughter of George Partridge, of Dux- 
bury. 3. Peter; see forward. 4. Patience, 
married William Kemp, of Duxbury. 5. 
Eliza, married Captain Nathaniel Davenport, 
who was killed in the Narragansett fight with 
King Philip's Indian warriors, December 19, 
1675; she married (second), in 1677, Samuel 
Davis. 

(IV) Rev. Peter (3) Thacher, son of Rev. 
Thomas and Eliza (Partridge) Thacher, was 
born in Salem, Massachusetts, July 18, 1651, 
died in Milton December 17, 1727. He was 
graduated from Harvard College in 1671, 
went to London in 1676, to complete his the- 
ological studies, and remained there one year. 
From the seal which his father used in sealing 
letters sent to his son during his absence in 
England was taken the coat-of-arms which is 
now held by his descendants ; and his will, also 
sealed with the family arms, now in the Suf- 
folk registry, Boston, was dated February 12, 
1721. In 1681 Peter Thacher was ordained 
pastor over the church in Milton. He had 
been living in Barnstable, Massachusetts, and 
on the day of departure for his new home he 
was escorted by a cavalcade of fifty-seven 
horsemen as far as Sandwich. The remain- 
ing years of his life were spent in Milton, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



591 



where Tie labored faithfully and zealously 
among his devoted people. The diary which 
he kept during his life throws a strong light 
on the habits, duties and people of the parish 
which he served. 

Mr. Thacher married (first) November 21, 
1677, Theodora, daughter of Rev. John Ox- 
€nbridge, of Boston. She received from her 
parents a large estate in lands, which her hus- 
band managed. She died in November, 1697, 
and he married (second) Susannah, widow of 
Rev. John Bailey. His third wife was Eliza- 
beth, widow of Rev. Jonathan Gee. On the 
death of Mr. Thacher the larger part of his 
■estate fell to his eldest son, Oxenbridge. One 
item in his will mentioned "eight brick houses 
in London, with room for a ninth." His will 
mentions two n«gro boys, Sambo and Jemmy, 
valued at £120, and three negro girls, valued 
at £55 ; he gave to his son Peter his negro 
body servant, "because I think he will be kind 
to him." His watch, which has been trans- 
mitted to lineal descendants, is now in the 
rooms of the Bostonian Society, at the Old 
State House. Children of first marriage: i. 
Theodore. 2. Bathsheba. 3. Oxenbridge, 
born May 17, 1681, died October 22, 1772. 4. 
Eliza, March 7, 1682, died February 10, 1715; 
married Rev. Samuel Niles. 5. Mary. 6. 
Peter, October i5, 1688; see forward. 7. 
John, died young. 8. Thomas, born 1693, 
died 1721. 9. John. 

(V) Rev. Peter (4) Thacher, son of Rev. 
Peter (3) and Theodora (Oxenbridge) Tha- 
tcher, was born in Milton, Massachusetts, Oc- 
tober 16, 1688, died April 22, 1744, "having 
sustained a ministerial character of great re- 
spectability, and received a large number of 
members into his church during the later 
years of his ministry." He graduated from 
Harvard College in 1706, and was ordained at 
Middleboro, November 2, 1709. Mr. Thacher 
married Mary, daughter of Samuel Prince, of 
Sandwich, and had ten children: i. Mary, 
born November 22, 171 1. 2. Mercy, April 9, 
1713, died December, 1745. 3. Peter, January 
14, 171 5, died 1785. 4. Samuel, June 10, 
1717; see forward. 5. Susanna, January 22, 
1719, died December, 1747. 6. Thomas, May 
13, 1 72 1, died December 10, 1744. 7. John, 
April 12, 1723, died January 2, 1748. 8. Ox- 
enbridge, July 12, 1725, died June, 1776. 9. 
Moses, October 22, 1727, died November 1747. 
ID. Theodora, October 12, 1729, died July 27, 
1732. 

(VI) Samuel, son of the Rev. Peter (4) 
and Mary (Prince) Thacher, was born in 
Middleboro, Massachusetts, June 10, 1717. 
There was a Captain Samuel Thacher, of 
Middleboro, who commanded a company of 



men from that town in 1759. during the 
French and Indian war. Samuel Thacher mar- 
ried, 1758, Mrs. Sarah Kent (one account 
says he married Deborah Rennet). The names 
of all of their children do not appear, but 
among them was a son Nathaniel. 

(VII) Nathaniel, son of Samuel and Sarah 
(Kent) Thacher, was born probably in Mid- 
dleboro, Massachusetts, 1767, and spent the 
earlier years of his life in Rhode Island. Soon 
after 1800 he removed to the southern part 
of the Phelps and Gorham purchase in New 
York state, and was one of the pioneers in 
the town of Troupsburg and its vicinity. He 
was a shoemaker by trade, but a farmer by 
principal occupation. One account says that 
he settled in Troupsburg about 1807, lived 
there a few years, and about 1810 removed 
with his family to Hornellsville, and settled in 
that part of the town where Terry's mills 
stood. In 1812 he removed to the Henry 
Hart farm, as afterwards known, lived there 
about ten years and then took up his resi- 
dence in the village of Hornellsville. Later 
on he "conceived the idea" of going west, 
which he did, and still later went south, and 
died in Florence, Alabama, August 24, 1824. 
In 1787 Mr. Thacher married Lydia Place, 
of Gloucester, Rhode Island, who survived 
him. They had four sons and two daughters. 
One of their sons was the late Judge Otis 
Thacher, one of the founders of the Presby- 
terian church in Hornellsville, a leader in Ma- 
sonic affairs in the locality for many years 
and until the "Morgan excitement," when he 
withdrew from the order, and associate judge 
of the county court by appointment in 1840. 
He also was one of the founders and trustees 
of Alfred University, and held military com- 
missions under Governors DeWitt, Clinton 
and William L. Marcy. Another son was 
Deacon Mowrey Thacher, whose diary of ear- 
ly events of Steuben county history ever has 
been regarded as reliable authority in the re- 
gion of which it treats. 

(VIII) Samuel Olney, son of Nathaniel 
and Lydia (Place) Thacher, was born in 
Smithfield, Rhode Island, 1789, and removed 
with his parents to Troupsburg soon after 
1800. He married, 1814, Martha, daughter 
of Judge George Hornell, in allusion to whom 
the town of Hornellsville (now the city of 
Hornell) was named. A century and more 
ago Judge Hornell was the most conspicuous 
character in the history of the region named 
for him, and was a son of Rev. Nicholas 
Hornell, a native of Sweden, who during a 
religious rebellion there sought refuge in 
America. He settled near York, Pennsyl- 
vania. Judge Hornell's wife was Martha, 



592 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



daughter of Uriah Stephens, a settler in the 
vicinity of Hornellsville soon after 1790. 

(IX) George Hornell, son of Samuel Olney 
and Martha (Hornell) Thacher, was born in 
Hornellsville, June 4, 1818, died at St. Augus- 
tine, Florida, February 15, 1887, and is buried 
in Albany Rural cemetery. He received a 
thorough academic education, afterward en- 
tered Union College, and graduated with the 
class of 1843. He settled permanently in 
Albany in 1849, ^^^ thereafter was closely 
identified with the business and political his- 
tory of the city until about the time of his 
death. He engaged extensively in manufac- 
turing pursuits, and for many years was head 
of the carwheel works which afterward was 
continued by his sons. A strong Democrat 
throughout the period of his active life, he 
first became a factor in Albany politics in 
1859, when he was elected member of the 
board of aldermen. He was elected mayor 
of the city four times, and served in that 
office from May i, i860, to May 5, 1862; 
from May i, 1866, to May 5, 1868; from 
May 6, 1870, to May 6, 1872; and from May 
7, 1872, to January 28, 1874, when he re- 
signed. Mr. Thacher married, in Schenec- 
tady, June 15, 1843, Ursula Jane Boyd, who 
died April 13, 1874. They had two sons, 
John Boyd and George Hornell Thacher. 

(X) John Boyd, elder son of George Hor- 
nell and Ursula Jane (Boyd) Thacher, was 
born at Ballston Spa, Saratoga county, New 
York, September 11, 1847, died in Albany, 
February 25, 1909. His earlier literary edu- 
cation was acquired under the instruction of 
private tutors, and in 1865 he entered Wil- 
liams College, graduating A. B. cum laude, 
1869. Subsequently he received from alma 
mater the degree of A. M. After leaving 
college he took a course in bookkeeping at 
Folsom's Business College, and he also gained 
a practical knowledge of his father's business 
by entering the moulding department of the 
foundry and there learning- the trade of a 
moulder. Subsequently he became actively 
interested in business with his father, and upon 
the death of his parent, he and his younger 
brother succeeded to the proprietorship of 
what has long been known as the Thacher 
Car Wheel Works, one of the leading indus- 
tries of Albany. But it is as a public man 
and author that Mr. Thacher was perhaps 
best known. His active interest in political 
affairs dated from the year 1883, when he was 
elected senator from Albany county, and dur- 
ing his incumbency of that office he was an 
active and efficient supporter of all measures 
proposed for the benefit of working men and 
women. From that time on, he was closely 



identified with the political history of his coun- 
try, was a public speaker of wide repute and 
one of the most ardent advocates of demo- 
cratic principles in the entire state. He con- 
ducted the Albany bicentennial with much 
success and credit to himself. Twice he was 
elected mayor of the city of Albany, and 
served in that capacity from May 4, 1886, to 
April 20, 1888, and again from January i, 
1896, until December 31, 1897. He was ap- 
pointed a member of the World's Columbian 
Exposition, 1890, by President Harrison, and 
was made the chairman of the executive com- 
niitte of the bureau of awards. Among his 
more prominent contributions to current lit- 
erature there may be mentioned here his 
"Christopher Columbus, His Life, His Works, 
His Remains," "The Continent of America 
its Discovery and its Baptism," "Charlecote," 
"Cabotian Discovery" and "Little Speeches." 
On September 11, 1872, John Boyd Thacher 
married Emma, daughter of George Tread- 
well, of Albany. 

(X) George Hornell, younger son of 
George Hornell and Ursula Jane (Boyd) 
Thacher, was born in the city of Albany, No- 
vember 20, 1851, and was educated in Pro- 
fessor Whitbeck's private school, Williams 
College, where he entered for the class of 
1872, and Bryant and Stratton's Commercial 
College, in the latter taking a short business 
course. Later he entered his father's car- 
wheel works as clerk and apprentice, and still 
later became foreman of the establishment, 
continuing in that capacity for several years. 
In 1880 he went to the mining regions of Col- 
orado, remained there until the latter part of 
1883, then returned to Albany, and in October 
became business partner with his father under 
the firm style of George H. Thacher & Com- 
pany, and as successors of the former firm of 
Thacher, Lathrop & Company ; and after the 
death of his father, 1887, Air. Thacher, in 
company with his brother, John Boyd Tha- 
cher, continued the business as before, and 
still retained the old firm name of George H. 
Thacher & Company, as since known in all 
business circles, although upon the death of 
his brother, in 1909, Mr. Thacher became sole 
proprietor. 

In 1887 Mr. Thacher succeeded his father 
as member of the board of directors of the 
Old Albany City National Bank, became him- 
self its vice-president in 1889, and was its 
third and last president. He is now vice-pres- 
ident of the Albany City Savings Institution, 
a director of the Union Trust Company and 
of ihe National Commercial Bank of Albany, 
a member of the Fort Orange, Canoe, Camera 
and Country clubs, and a thirty-second degree 




U' 






i^'MKlCllL't 




^fi^ 7n A, A</4tn< 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



593 



Mason. He was appointed a member of the 
city board of water commissioners in May, 
1892, and resigned that oiifice December i, 
1894. Mr. Thacher is an active, capable busi- 
ness man, and his interest in promoting the 
industrial and institutional welfare of the city 
has been shown in many ways. He married, 
January i, 1880, Emma Louise Bennet, of 
Albany. Children: i. George H. (2), born 
April 14, 1881. 2. John Boyd (2), October 
26, 1882. 3. Thomas Oxenbridge, March 22, 
1884; married, June 2, 1909, Helen Lavie of 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 4. Emma Louise, October " 
23, 1885, died February 27, 1893. 5. Roland 
Throckmorton, June 7, 1887, died November 
26, 1892. 6. Kenelm Roland, February i, 
1892. 7. Edwin Throckmorton, April 29, 
1896. George H., John Boyd (2) and Thom- 
as O. are engaged in business with their fa- 
ther. 



During the earlier generations of 
ROSA the family in America, this fam- 
ily retained the original spelling 
Roosa. The latter day family, or at least 
some of . them, spell it Rosa, which is the 
orthography used by the family in Schenec- 
tady herein recorded. It is one of the old 
Dutch families of the Hudson-Mohawk that 
settled first in Esopus, then in Albany and 
Schenectady. The sons of the emigrant all 
founded families, and many of them still may 
be found in the same localities settled by 
their earliest ancestors. Gelderland in Hol- 
land was the home of the emigrant ancestor. 
(I) Albert Heymanse (Albert, son of Hey- 
man) Roosa was a farmer, of Gelderland, 
Holland, where he married Wyntje Allard, 
and had eight children, born in the "fader- 
land." He came with his entire family to 
America in the ship "Spotted Cow," arriving 
at New Amsterdam, April 15, 1660. He 
made permanent settlement at Esopus, New 
York, shortly afterward. He was a person 
of more than usual importance, for on May 
16, 1661, he was appointed by Governor 
Stuyvesant one of the three "schepens" or 
magistrates, his associates being Evert Pels 
and Cornells Barentse Slecht. He brought 
with him from Holland considerable property 
and soon "occupied an influential position in 
the new settlement." In 1661, he was ap- 
pointed one of the three commissioners to 
enclose the new village at Esopus called 
Hurley. At the destruction of the village of 
Hurley, June 7, 1663, by the Indians, two 
of his children, with forty-three other women 
and children, were taken captive. The story 
of the rescue of these captives by the colonial 
forces under command of Captain Martin 



Kreiger is one of the most interesting epi- 
sodes in the early history of New York. The 
records cite many instances of his partici- 
pation in the early making of Kingston that 
show him to have been a leader. He rebelled 
against the tyrannies of Governor Nicholls, 
and in 1667, a commission appointed by the 
governor sat at Esopus, investigating the 
"Mutiny at Esopus." Albert Heymanse Roo- 
sa, Cornelis Barentsen Schlect and two 
others "were found guilty of rebellious and 
mutinous riot and were taken to New York 
for sentence. Nicholls by advice of his coun- 
cil on May 3, senienced Roosa to be banished 
for life out of the government, and the others 
for shorter terms out of Esopus, Albany and 
New York. All these sentences were subse- 
quently modified and the offenders returned 
to Esopus." Governor Lovelace restored 
him to favor, and in 1669 appointed him 
overseer of the town of Hurley, called New 
Dirp, or New Village. "In 1673, he was 
confirmed as one of the officers at Esopus 
by Governor Anthony Calve,, and described 
as Captain Albert Heymans Roosa, who had 
been prominent in the riot of 1667." He 
served in the military forces of the colony 
as mustering officer, and in other capacities; 
was sergeant of Captain Henry Pawling's 
company, and in 1673 was captain of a com- 
pany recruited from Hurley and Marble- 
town. He died at Hurley, February 27, 1679. 
In 1685 his widow, Wyntje Allard, secured 
a grant of three hundred and twenty acres 
at Hurley. Children, the first eight born in 
Holland, the last two born in Esopus, New 
York: i. Arie (or Aria), married, at Kings- 
ton, Maria, daughter of Magistrate Evert 
Pels. 2. Heyman, see forward. 3. Jan, mar- 
ried Hellegond Williams. 4. Ikee, married 
Roelofif Kierstede. 5. Maritje, married Al- 
bert Jansen. 6. Neeltein, married Hendric 
Pauldin, 1676. Banns published November 
3, 1676. 7. Jannetje, married Matys Ten 
Eyck, November 16, 1679. 8. Aert, married 
Wyntje Aundrum d'jong. 9. Annatje. 10. 
Guert, died June 15, 1664. 

(II) Heyman, second son of Albert Hy- 
manse and Wyntje (Allard) Roosa, was born 
in Holland, and came to America with the 
family in 1660. He lived in Esopus and 
Hurley. He married Margriet Rosevelt 
(Roosevelt), born 1645. Children: i. Geys- 
bert, see forward. 2. Albert, born March 2, 
1679; in 1715 he was sergeant in Captain 
Johannes company, in Ulster county. 3. 
Claase, April 27, 1684. 4. Neeltje, October 
13, 1689. 5. Rachel, April 19, i6g6. 6. Leah, 
September, 1698. 

(HI) Geysbert, eldest child of Heyman and 



594 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Margreit (Rosevelt) Roosa, was born Oc- 
tober i6, 1676. He lived in Hurley, and in 
1715 was a private in Captain William Not- 
tingham's company. He married, October 13, 
1695, Greet je Bond, of Schenectady, New 
York. Children : i . Hellegond, born August 
9, 1G96. 2. Jan, see forward. 3. Hendrick, 
August 20, 1703, died in infancy. 4. Hen- 
drick, March 20, 1707; in 1738 he was a pri- 
vate of Captain B. Brodhead's company, Ul- 
ster county militia ; married, May 2, 1735. 
Zara Frear, of New Palz. 5. Greetje, October 
5. 1712. 

(IV) Jan, eldest son of Geysbert and 
Greetje (Bond) Roosa, was born May 28, 
1699. He married (first) August 27, 1725, 
Machteldt (Myeltje) Van Kampan. He mar- 
ried (second) Eva Klearwater. Children: i. 
Guert, born June 9, 1727. 2. Johannes, No- 
vember 22, 1728. 3. Abraham, April 29, 1733 ; 
a soldier of the revolution. 4. Elizabeth, Sep- 
tember 7, 1735. 5. Isaac, see forward. 6. 
Jacobus (James), August 10, 1740; a soldier 
of the revolution ; married Sarah Ennis. 7. 
Maria, December 13, 1741. 8. Helena, Au- 
gust 21, 1743. 9. Guysbut, March 11, 1745; a 
soldier of the revolution. 10. Margaret. 11. 
Henrikje, June 14, 1749. 12. Teunis Klaaer- 
water, June 23, 1751. 13. Greetje, March 28, 
1756. 

(V) Isaac, son of Jan and Myeltje (Van 
Kampan) Roosa, was born February 5, 1739. 
He married, in Albany, November 22, 1763, 
Maria, daughter of Ryckert Van Vranken. 
Children: i. Johannes, born August 13, 1764. 
2. Annatje, August 18, 1766; married, De- 
cember 12, 1788, Joseph Yates. 3. Ryckert 
(Richard), December 11, 1769; married. July 
21, 1793, Annatje, born June i, 1772. daugh- 
ter of Nicholas Peek. 4. Machteldt, April 
20, 1772; married Nicholas Marselis. 5. 
James (Jacobus), see forward, 6. Maas Van 
Vranken, September 20, 1780. 

(VI) James, son of Isaac and Maria (Van 
Vranken) Rosa, was born April 30. 1778, died 
at his country home, now the suburbs of the 
city of Schenectady, in 1861. He was a prom- 
inent landowner of Schenectady county, their 
lands lying near the present city and within 
the limits. The beautiful street and drive, 
Rosa road, is almost entirely within the limits 
of the old estate, and descendants yet own a 
great deal of land of the original farm. The 
house James Rosa built on his large and un- 
usually well improved estate is now the home 
of the present owners, direct descendants, and 
is a part of an undivided Rosa estate. He 
was the superintendent for many years of the 
first railroad that was built between Albany 
and Schenectady in 1831. He was interested 



in development and improvement along all 
lines and contributed his full share to the pub- 
lic good. He was a member of the Dutch 
Reformer church, and a liberal supporter; in 
politics he was a Democrat. He was a lieu- 
tenant in the American army, second artillery, 
during the war of 1812. He married (first) 
Sarah, died July 24, 1804, daughter of Claas 
Van der Bogart. He married (second) De- 
borah Hall, who died July 26, 1853, aged 
sixty-seven years. Children, first three by 
first wife: i. William. 2. Isaac, born July 
13, 1802. 3. Nicholas Van de Bogart, Janu- 
ary 16, 1804. 4. Isaac Swits, October 16, 
1805, died August, 1867; married Sally 
Finch ; children : i. Deborah, married George 
Cornell; ii. Lewis, married Maggie Warren; 
iii. Richard ; iv. Gertrude, married Frank Cor- 
nell; V. Lizzie, married George Warren. 5. 
John, May 10, 1807, died April 8, 1841 ; mar- 
ried, September 12, 1827, Mary Eliza Yates; 
children: i. Deborah, married D. T. Yedder; 
ii. Harriet, married Robert Stevenson ; iii. An- 
drew ; iv. Edward. 6. Nicholas, March 10, 
1811, died March 5, 1847; married, March 7, 
1839, Gazench Vedder; children: i. Anna, 
married M. B. Sanford; ii. Catherine, mar- 
ried John Hyde; iii. James. 7. Maria, April 
21, 1813; married, April 15, 1833, Cornelius 
Vrooman ; children : Joseph and Henry. 8. 
James J., March 19, 1815, died December i, 
1837. 9- Catherine G., July 14, 1817; married, 
March 16, 1842, George W. Moon;; children: 
Anna, Libbie, George. 10. Richard, see for- 
ward. II. Henry, see forward. 12. Edward, 
March 20, 1825, deceased ; married, July 20, 
1853, Catherine E. Swart; children: George 
Anderson and Edward (2). 13. William, Feb- 
ruary II, 1826, died April 27, 1826. 14. 
Anna, March 6, 1827; married, March 25, 
1851, Andrew Matthews; children: Deborah, 
Henry Rosa, Grace. 

(VII) Richard, son of James and Deborah 
(Hall) Rosa, was born on the Rosa home- 
stead estate in Schenectady county, New York, 
November 27, 1819, died November 7, 1894. 
He was well educated in the public schools, 
and was a successful farmer. He managed the 
extensive Rosa farm which he brought to a 
high state of cultivation, and otherwise great- 
ly improved it, making it one of the best prop- 
erties in the immediate neighborhood or 
county. He was an active Democrat and 
stood high in local party councils. As the 
growth of the city brought the Rosa farm 
within the city limits, he became eligible and 
was elected alderman of the eleventh ward. 
He served for several years and was success- 
ful in his efforts to secure favorable legisla- 
tion for the ward. He had previously served 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



595 



as supervisor on the county board. He was 
an attendant of the Reformed church. He 
married, October 6, 1857, Jane Esther, born 
in Brunswick, Rensselaer county, New York, 
December 8, 1833, daughter of Mordecai and 
Frances (Yates) Lottridge. Mordecai Lott- 
ridge was born in Rensselaer county, 1801, 
died 1882. He married Frances Yates, born 
in Pittstown, Rensselaer county. New York, 
died April 14, 1885, at the home of her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Richard Rosa, in Schenectady, where 
she had been a cherished inmate for several 
years. Mordecai was a son of Robert Lott- 
ridge, born of English ancestry, died at Hoo- 
sick Falls, New York. He married Esther 
Bull, of the old Albany family of that name. 
She survived her husband and died in Ohio. 
The Lottridges of the three generations named 
were members of the Baptist church. Chil- 
dren of Richard and Jane Esther (Lottridge) 
Rosa: i. Frances, born June 11, 1859; was 
well educated and resides at home with her 
mother and brothers who are devoted to her. 
2. Mordecai James, September 26, 1861, en- 
gaged in farming with his brother. He is an 
active Democrat and politician, a member of 
the county committee for many years and a 
delegate to the state and national conven- 
tions of his party. He married Margaret 
Walsh of Utica. 3. Richard, see forward. 

(VHI) Richard (2), youngest son of Rich- 
ard (i) and Jane Esther (Lottridge) Rosa, 
was born on the estate of which he is now 
the acknowledged manager and head of the 
family, December 8, 1863. He was educated 
in the public schools, and early succeeded to 
the management of his father's estate. He is 
up-to-date in his methods, and with the as- 
sistance of his brother has maintained the 
high standard set by his father. The three 
children of Richard ( i ) with their widowed 
mother reside in the old homestead and are a 
devoted family. They all are members of the 
Presbyterian church. Richard Rosa (2) mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of James R. and Sarah 
(Taylor) Kellock, of Scotland. James R. Kel- 
lock emigrated to the United States and locat- 
ed in Brooklyn, New York, where he is chief 
of the fire department. Children of Richard 
and Jane (Kellock) Rosa: i. Richard Kel- 
lock, born October 14, 1899. 2. Esther Tay- 
lor, September 4, 1901. 3. Francis Yates, De- 
cember 9, 1906. 

(\'n) Henry, son of James and Deborah 
(Hall), Rosa, was born on the Rosa estate 
in Schenectady county. New York, October 
28, 1821, died November 7, 1900. He received 
a good education, attending LTnion College, 
class of 1844, and lived his entire life in and 
near Schenectady. He established the first 



coal yard in Schenectady in 1845. He was 
alderman and recorder. He was a Democrat, 
and in religious belief was a member of the 
Dutch Reformed church. He married in 
1855, Harriet Louise Hinckley, born Decem- 
ber, 1829. Children: i. Sophie, married 
Clark Whitbeck. 2. Alfred. 3. Louise Hinck- 
ley, married P. P. S. Crane, and has one 
child, Edith Louise. 4. Nelson W., see for- 
ward. 5. Blanche. 

( VHI ) Nelson W., son of Henry and Harriet 
Louise (Hinckley) Rosa, was born in Schenec- 
tady, Schenectady county. New York. He was 
educated in Schenectady L^nion School. In 
1900 he engaged in the retail coal business 
in Schenectady, which he has since success- 
fully conducted. He is a member of St. 
George's Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
St. George's Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, St. 
George's Commandery, Knights Templar, Al- 
bany Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite, thirty-second degree. Oriental Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine ; a director of Chatiemac Lake Club, 
Antlers Golf Club, stafi^ officer of Albany Bur- 
gess Corps, life member of Society Colonial 
Wars, Society of 1812, and Society Sons of 
American Revolution, life member of S. B. 
C, of Schenectady, N. Y. He married, in 
Schenectady, Isabelle Dunbar, born and edu- 
cated in that city, daughter of Frederick Dun- 
bar, for many years an engineer on the New 
York Central railroad. She is a granddaugh- 
ter of James Dunbar, a native of Schenectady, 
and a great-granddaughter of George Dun- 
bar, born in Scotland, who came to the United 
States about 1815. 

(The Hinckley Line). 
Samuel Hinckley, ancestor of Mrs. Henry 
Rosa, was born in Kent county, England. He 
came to America about 1634, settling at Sci- 
tuate, Massachusetts, and in 1639 was of 
Barnstable, where he died October 31. 1632. 
His will was dated 0.ctober 8, 1632. He was 
prominent in public affairs, as shown by town 
records. His first wife Sarah died August 18, 

1656. He married (second) December 15, 

1657, Bridget Bodfish. 

(H) Governor Thomas Hinckley, son of 
Samuel and Sarah Hinckley, was born in Eng- 
land about 1618, died April 25, 1706. He 
came to America with his parents, settling in 
Barnstable in 1639, where he rose to promi- 
nence in town and colony. He was deputy in 
1645, magistrate and assistant to the governor 
of Plvmouth colony from 1658 to 1680, and 
governor from 1 68 1 until 1692. He married 
(first) December 7, 1641, Mary, died June 6, 
1659, daughter of Thomas Richards. He 



596 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



married (second) Sarah, widow of Natlianiel 
Glove. She was born in Lancaster, England, 
daughter of Quartermaster John Smith. She 
died July 29, 1703. 

(HI) Ebenezer, son of Governor Thomas 
and Sarah Hinckley, was born in Barnstable, 
Massachusetts, September 23, 1673, died Oc- 
tober 17, 1721. He married, in Sudbury, No- 
vember, 1706, Mary Stone. 

(IV) Ebenezer (2), only son of Ebenezer 
(i) and Mary (Stone) Hinckley, was born 

in Braintree, Massachusetts, March 14, 1713. 
He had an only sister Rachel. He was a ship- 
master and sailed for the West Indies and 
was never heard from again. He married, 
July II, 1732, Harriet Nightingale. 

(V) Ebenezer (3), son of Ebenezer (2) 
and Harriet (Nightingale) Hinckley, married 
Annie, daughter of Joseph Morton. 

(VI) John, son of Ebenezer (3) and Annie 
(Morton) Hinckley, was born February 19, 
1768, died at Albany, New York, where he 
had been a resident several years. He mar- 
ried Eunice Warren, born August 11, 1779. 

(VII) Joseph, son of John and Eunice 
(Warren) Hinckley, was born in 1800, died in 
1880. He was a wholesale dealer in paints, 
and was burned out in 1842. He was one of 
the organizers of the Albany Burgess Corps. 
He married, in 1829, Sophia Leister, born 
1806, died 1895. 

(VIII) Harriet Louise, daughter of Joseph 
and Sophia (Leister) Hinckley, married, in 
1855, Henry Rosa. 



The name Beebe is one of great 
BEEBE antiquity, being found in various 

forms of spelling, as far back 
as Bebi, an Egyptian King of the second Dy- 
nasty, 3000 years B. C. In Roman history 
Quintius Baebius figures 534 A. D. The tra- 
dition in the family of French origin is very 
plausible. Richard and William de Boebe 
were of the Royal Guard of William the Con- 
queror and passed over to England with him 
and were granted manors in Warwickshire 
where the family lived up to the close of the 
Commonwealth. At East Farndon, England, 
John Beby was pastor of the Church of St. 
John Baptist, prior to the year 141 1. One 
branch of the English family has the right 
and titles to a coat-of-arms : a blue shield with 
golden chevron and three gold bees. Crest: 
A golden beehive (indicative of industry, vigi- 
lance and persistence of purpose). Motto: 
"Suo Defendo." The church register of St. 
Andrews, in the village of Broughton, North- 
amptonshire, England, dating from 1560, con- 
tains the names of John Beebe and his chil- 
dren who emigrated to America about the 



year 1650. John Beebe is the American an- 
cestor, although he never saw the shores of 
this country, dying on shipboard. His three 
sons, John, Samuel and James, landed in Bos- 
ton, worked their way westward, were promi- 
nent in the early settlement of Connecticut, 
and from there branched out in all directions. 
In New York they settled in Columbia county 
about 1760, and from there came to Albany 
county. They are of frequent mention in the 
annals of the early wars of the colonies. John 
Beebe with his men marched through the 
wilderness to the relief of Major Talcott, dur- 
ing King Philip's war. They were among the 
minute-men of 1776, and in the armies of the 
revolution as privates and officers. They 
fought from Bunker Hill to Yorktown and 
James Beebe was an original member of the 
Society of the Cincinnati. The pension rolls 
of the revolution contain a number of names 
of the family. It is spelled Bebe, Beby, Beeby 
and Beebe. 

(I) John Beebe, the emigrant of 1650, died 

on shipboard and left a will in which mention J 
is made of his children, and of the fact that J 
he came from Broughton, Northamptonshire, 
England. Neither his wife Rebecca, nor 
daughter Hannah are mentioned in the will 
which was written on shipboard. The infer- 
ence is that they were dead. The children 
mentioned are Thomas, Nathaniel, James, Re- 
becca and Mary. Two sons of John Beebe 
had preceded him to America, Samuel, see 
forward, and John (2). John (2), the eldest 
child, was then twenty-two years of age, and 
Mary, the youngest, thirteen. The sons all 
became very prominent in colonial Connecti- 
cut and were widely known as the Beebe 
Brothers. Rebecca married, but no mention j 
can be found of the marriage of Mary. 

(II) Samuel, son of John and Rebecca 
Beebe, was baptized in Broughton, England, 
June 23, 1633. He was a twin of Thomas 
Beebe and their baptisms are recorded on the 
same date. He arrived in New England in ' 
1650, and settled at New London, Connecti- 
cut, where land was granted him December 

2, 1651, and several times thereafter. In 1708 
he testified that he and his brother made the 
fence surrounding Mr. Winthrop's ox pasture j 
"sixty years ago." He removed to Plum Is- I 
land and died there early in 1712, letters of \ 
administration being granted. April 6, 1712, to \ 
his widow Mary. He married (first) Agnes, ] 
daughter of William Keeney, and (second) 
Mary, her sister. Children: Samuel (2), 
William, Agnes, Nathaniel, Ann, Jonathan, 
Mary and Thomas. 

(III) Thomas, youngest son of Samuel and 
Marv (Keenev) Beebe, was born about 1682. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



597 



The earmark of his cattle was recorded at 
New London, Connecticut, August 5, 171 2, "A 
■croppe and half croppe on the left ear, which 
was his father Samuel's ear mark." September 
2, 1 714, he bought land in Colchester, which 
he sold in 1720. In 1725 he was of Haddam, 
Connecticut. He married Anna Hobson, at 
New London, December 17, 1707. Children: 
Edward, Agnes and Peter. 

(IV) Edward, eldest son of Thomas and 
Anna (Hobson) Beebe, was born about 1708. 
He married Hannah Pratt, and had children : 
Edward, John, Thomas T., see forward ; Han- 
nah, Samuel and Samuel (2). 

(V) Ensign Thomas T., son of Edward 
and Hannah (Pratt) Beebe, was born Febru- 
ary 7, 1743, died February 24, 1792. He was 
a ship carpenter and on leaving Connecticut 
came to Albany county, New York, where he 
was engaged in farming. He was a brave 
soldier of the Revolution, serving as ensign in 
the Sixth and Seventh Connecticut regiments. 
He fought at the battle of Bunker Hill, and 
in the thick of the fight secured a fine musket 
that dropped from the grasp of a mortally 
wounded English soldier. He used the gun 
during the battle, as long as he had ammuni- 
tion. This gun is now in the possession of a 
descendant, Thomas T. Beebe, of Albany, who 
.also has a bugle used in the battle and a sabre 
used by Ensign Thomas. He married Olive 
Hall, born March 24, 1743, died February i, 
1828, in Columbia county, New York, daugh- 
ter of Captain Hall. Children : Hannah, 
Thomas William, Gilbert, Mary, Betsey, John, 
Joseph, Abijah, Sarah, Huldah, William Sam- 
uel, and Joshua Hall. 

(VI) Thomas William, son of Ensign 
Thomas T. and Olive (Hall) Beebe, was born 
in Albany county, New York, at or near Voor- 
heesville, October 7, 1769, died June 18, 1848. 
After his marriage he settled in Guilderland, 
Albany county, and devoted himself to agri- 
culture. He married, January 24, 1793, Helen 
S. Van Patten, of Dutch parentage, born Au- 
gust 10, 1775, died April 14, 1869. Thomas 
W. and wife are buried at Voorheesville, Al- 
bany county. New York. Children : i. 
Thomas T., born July 13, 1794, died April 
22, 1876; married (first) Philey A. Wood, 
(second) Maria (Van Zant) Beebe. Children 
by first marriage only. 2. Nicholas, born 
March 29, 1796, died April 21, 1879; married 
Betsey Passage, born in 1808, died Septem- 
ber 12, 1873. They had issue. 3. Elizabeth, 

born January 9, 1798; married Passage; 

six children. 4. Sarah, born September 9, 
1800, died January 19, 1896: married Zacha- 
riah Smith, who still survives her (1910). 5. 
Margaret, born February 6, 1803, died June 



29, 1849; niarried Benjamin Van Norman and 
had issue. 6. Peter, August 2, 1805, died 
March 13, 1890; married Abigail Hand. 7. 
John T., see forward. 8. William. 9. Helen 
Susanne. 10. John Hall. 11. Henry Thomas, 
living in 1910, at Omaha, Nebraska. 12. Ja- 
cob. 13. Huldah. 

(VII) John T., son of Thomas W. and 
Helen S. (Van Patten) Beebe, was born in 
the town of Guilderland, Albany county, New 
York, August 28, 1807, died April 21, 1886. 
Practically his whole life was spent in Albany 
county. Early in life he learned the trade of 
finisher of silk hats, but soon after returned to 
his father's farm in Guilderland. Later he 
learned the carpenter's trade. He was indus- 
trious and a man much respected. In early 
life he was a Democrat but after the civil war 
he joined the Republican party. He married, 
in Knox, Albany county, Mary Ann Chase, 
born December i, 1807, daughter of Job and 
Lois (Toll) Chase, of prominent Connecticut 
ancestry. After his marriage he settled in 
town of Knox and lived there until his death. 
Children: i. Huldah, born in Albany county, 
New Yopk, married (first) Jacob I. Messick, 
(second) Samuel Gray; no living issue, a son 
Samuel Gray (2) dying at the age of twenty- 
two years. 2. Lois, deceased, married Elisha 
Gray of Altamont, New York. They had 
Mary, Augusta, and Albert Gray, all resi- 
dents of New York City. 3. William Henry, 
see forward. 4. Mary, died in 1908; married 
John E. Hellenbeck, who survives her, living 
in Albany. Children : i. William, a well known 
business man of Albany; married Elizabeth 
Schwericker, and has a son Robert Hellen- 
beck, and a married daughter, Mrs. Vedder, 
of Schenectady, New York. ii. Charles, de- 
ceased, iii. Frank, iv. Sarah, deceased, mar- 
ried Edward Conroy. v. Jennie. 5. Sarah, 
died at the age of fourteen vears. 

(VIII) WilHam Henry, third child of John 
T. and Mary A. (Chase) Beebe, was born on 
his father's farm in the town of Knox, New 
York, November 6, 1832. He was given lim- 
ited opportunity to acquire an education, but 
was early placed at work in the fields and 
pastures looking after the sheep and cattle 
with which the farm was stocked : later he was 
taught the carpenter's trade by his father. He 
was possessed of a restless ambition to go out 
in the world and seek his fortune and in 1856, 
broke away from home ties and went to Chi- 
cago. His knowledge of mechanics stood him 
in "good turn and he secured employment in 
an establishment making milling machinery. 
He acquired a good mechanical knowledge in 
the different departments, but was obliged to 
resign his position on account of failing health. 



598 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



He learned photography, then in its earUer 
stages of development, and with his usual ap- 
titude soon became a skillful artist. In a few 
years he had accumulated considerable capital. 
He returned to his home in Albany county, 
married, and later settled in the city of Al- 
bany, where he invested heavily in south end 
real estate. These investments have made 
Mr. Beebe a very wealthy man. He made 
extensive improvements and erected many 
homes. The growth of the city has made his 
property very valuable and from it he derives 
a large income. His career of successful en- 
deavor has been marked with no failures. His 
keen perception and wise judgment have guid- 
ed him aright, while his untiring energy has 
pushed to successful issue the plans suggested 
by his active brain. By no lucky turn of For- 
tune's wheel have his possessions been ac- 
quired, but by hard work, constant application 
and wise foresight. The term a "self made 
man" is hackneyed and often misapplied but 
there are no better words to apply to Mr. 
Beebe. Starting life with little education, he 
has acquired a remarkable fund of general in- 
formation ; is a fluent and interesting talker 
and a clear headed, sagacious man of busi- 
ness ; conducts a large estate successfully and 
is recognized as a capable man of affairs 
whose integrity is as unquestioned as is his 
financial responsibility. When these results 
are known to have been attained without cap- 
ital or influential friends in the beginning the 
superior quality of the man must be admitted. 
For many years he was the leader of his party 
in his home ward but repeatedly and persist- 
ently refused office for himself. He was orig- 
inally a Democrat, but is now a supporter of 
the Republican party. He is a member of Blue 
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of Albany. 
He married, July 3, 1859, ^^ Knox, New 
York, Eugenia A. Champion, born in Berne, 
Albany county, New York, daughter of Ezra 
and Margaret (Bartley) Champion, promi- 
nent residents of the town. Mr. and Mrs. 
William H. Beebe have passed the fiftieth an- 
niversary of their wedding day and have spent 
their useful lives in the most perfect marital 
happiness. Of congenial minds and similar 
tastes they are enjoying an ideal old age, he, 
now at the age of seventy-eight and she, sev- 
enty-two years ((1910). Children: i. Ida, 
born September 3, 1865, died aged thirteen 
months, thirteen days. 2. Anna B., born Au- 
gust 28, 1870, died September, 1899; married 
Alfred Batcher, who was accidentally killed 
in 1908 by injuries received from a vicious 
horse ; children : i. Hamilton, died in infancy ; 
ii. Earl, born September 8, 1892, attended the 
public schools of Albany and now attending 



Albany Business College; has resided with his 
grandparents since six years of age; iii. Flor- 
ence, died aged five years ; she resided for two 
years after her mother's death with her grand- 
parents. 3. and 4. Carrie and Clara, twins, 
born April 3, 1875, both died in infancy. 5. 
John T., born November 14, 1878, died July 
15, 1879. 



This is an English family origi- 
WINNE nally, although the emigrant was 

from Holland. The name is an 
English one, and the family probably fled to 
Holland during the days of religious persecu- 
tion when that country was a haven for the 
oppressed of all lands, many of whom after- 
ward came to America. 

(I) Peter Winne, emigrant ancestor of the 
Albany family of that name, was born in the 
city of Ghent, Flanders. He married Tam- 
atjie Adams, born in the city of Leauwaerden 
in Vrieslandt. They came to America and 
settled at Bethlehem, near Albany, New York, 
July 6, 1684. He owned considerable farm 
property, saw mills and timber lands. He and 
his wife made a joint will, dated 1677, of 
which the following is a synopsis: "Winne, 
Pieter, of New Albany, born in the city of 
Ghent, Flanders, and wife Jannettie Adams, 
born in the city of Leuwaerden, Friesland. 
Son by first wife Archie Jans, vizt. Pieter, 
other children mentioned, but not by name. 
Real and personal estate. The survivor to 
be executor. Witnesses Jan Verbuck, Mr. 
Cornells van Dyck and Adriaen van Ilpendam. 
Notary Public. Albany Co. Records, Notarial 
Papers, II, p. 11." Their children were: Pie- 
ter Peterse, Adam, Lavinus, Frans, Alette, 
Killian, Thomas Lyntie, Marten, Jacobus, 
Eva, Daniel and Rachel. 

(II) Lavinus, son of Peter and Tamatjie 
(Adams) Winne, was born in Holland in 
1647. He came to America with his father 
and was then thirty-seven years of age. His 
first wife was Teuntje Martense, whom he 
probably married in Holland. He married 
(second) Williamje Viele Schermerhorn and 
had children : Benjamin, Killian, Petrus, 
Marten, Bata, Maria Sara and Bluyan. 

(III) Benjamin, son of Lavinus, and Wil- 
liamje V. (Schermerhorn) Winne, was born 
in New York, near Albany, 1705, died in 1797. 
He married Rachel Van Arnam and had chil- 
dren : Willempie, Hester, Rebecca, Jannetie, 
Lavinus, Levinus and Lena. 

(IV) Lavinus (2), son of Benjamin and 
Rachel (Van Arnam) Winne, was born in 
1745, died in 1825. He married Margytje 
Lansing, daughter of an early settler of Al- 
bany county. Children : Benjamin, Maria, Jo- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



599 



hannes, David, Rachel, Hendrick, Sara, La- 
vinus, Sara and Jacob. 

(V) Lavinus (3), son of Lavinus (2) and 
Margytje (Lansing) Winne, was born in 
1783, died in 1816. He was a graduate of 
Union College, Schenectady, New York, and 
studied law, becoming a practicing attorney. 
He served in the United States army during 
the second war with Great Britain in 1812, 
and rose to the rank of captain. He married 
Ann Visscher and had three children : Ten 
Brock Wessell, Nanning Visscher (of whom 
further), and Maria. 

(VI) Dr. Nanning Visscher, son of Lavi- 
nus (3) and Ann (Visscher) Winne, was 
born in 1807, died in 1858. He was graduated 
from Union College in 1824, and from Yale 
College in 1826. He studied medicine and 
was a regularly accredited physician. He had 
the unique distinction of never having prac- 
ticed his profession for other compensation 
than the gratitude of his patients. His skill 
as a physician was for the benefit of those 
unable to employ a man of medicine, and he 
never took a dollar for medical service. His 
literary attainments were of the highest order. 
After passing through Union and Yale col- 
leges, he studied abroad and completed his 
education. He was a lover of nature in every 
form and particularly loved a good horse and 
kept in his stables some of the finest of 
blooded stock. He was a most genial com- 
panionable man, and retained all his life a 
large circle of friends. He was a member of 
the Episcopal church and for many years a 
warden. He was a Democrat in politics. He 
was surgeon with the rank of lieutenant-col- 
onel on the staff of Major General Stephen 
Van Rensselaer. He passed most of his life 
in Albany, New York, where he married, Feb- 
ruary 25, 1829, Rachel, daughter of Garrett 
Van Sant Bleecker. She was born September 
25,1811, died March 10, 1890. Children: 
Margaret Ann, Garrett Bleecker, Elizabeth, 
Jane Maria, William Henry, James Edward, 
Louisa, John Lansing, Charles Visscher, Min- 
nie Sanders, Henry Allen, Alice. Of these 
Louise and Charles Visscher are living 
(1910). 

(VH) Charles Visscher, son of Dr. Nan- 
ning Visscher and Rachel (Bleecker) Winne, 
was born at the Bleecker homestead, New 
Scotland, Albany county. New York, January 
27, 1849. He was educated in a private school 
and Albany Academy. In 1872 he entered the 
engineering corps of the Delaware and Hud- 
son Canal Company ; in 1874 he was appointed 
assistant paymaster and in January, 1891, pay- 
master of the road, which responsible posi- 
tion he now fills. Mr. Winne is a Republican 



in politics, and is an ex-president of the Young 
Men's Association, a non-political and very 
influential city organization, the oldest of its 
kind in the United States. The Albany In- 
stitute and Historical and Art Association has 
always claimed his interest and support. He 
is vice-president of that associaton and act- 
ing president. He was for ten years treasurer 
of the Albany City Homoeopathic Hospital 
and for three years president. For more than 
ten years he has been treasurer of the Albany 
Country Club, and is a member of the Fort 
Orange Club. His favorite out-door sport is 
canoeing, and in both local and national asso- 
ciations fostering this sport or pastime, he is 
a prominent and familiar figure. He is ex- 
commodore of the American Canoe Associa- 
tion (1892) ; for six years captain of the Mo- 
hican Canoe Club, and is an ex-president of 
the Albany Canoe Club. He holds member- 
ship in the patriotic societies of Military Or- 
der of Foreign Wars and the Holland Society 
of New York. He is a veteran of the Old 
Guard, Albany Zouave Cadets, and served 
fourteen years in the National Guard of the 
State of New York, seven of which he was 
second lieutenant of Company B, Tenth Bat- 
talion. His fraternal relations are Masonic, 
being a Master Mason of Temple Lodge, No. 
14, Free and Accepted Masons, and a compan- 
ion of Temple Chapter, No. 5, Royal Arch 
Masons. He was president of the Camera 
Club of Albany. He is a member of the Mad- 
ison Avenue Reformed Church, Albany, and 
is an active worker in the Sunday school and 
in the church societies. He is unmarried, but 
his home is enlivened by the constant presence 
of nieces and nephews, with whom he shares 
his material prosperity and supplies with an 
affection equalling that of which they have 
been deprived by the loss of parents. 

(II) Daniel, son of Peter Winne, "the 
founder," (q. v.), married Dirkje Van Nes, 
March 16, 1698. Children with date of bap- 
tism: Pieter, January i, 1699; Killian, Jan- 
uary 19, 1704; Jan, October 19, 1707; Frans, 
see forward; William, April 22, 1716; Lan- 
neke, November i, 1718; Maria, October 29, 
1721 ; Adam, January 12, 1724; CorneHs, Oc- 
tober 23, 1728. 

(III) Frans, son of Daniel and Dirkje (Van 
Nes) Winne, was baptized March 8, 1713. He 
married (first) Agnietje Van Wie, June 21, 
1738; (second), Mrs. Marritje Hooghteling, 
a widow, September 15, 1757. Children and 
date of baptism : Daniel, see forward ; Catha- 
rine, December 28, 1740; Gerrit, July 8, 1744: 
Johannes, November i, 1747; Pieter, June 17, 
1750; Catharine (2), March 11, 1753; Ange- 
nitie, August 27, 1758; Cornells, December 



6oo 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



26, 1761 ; Jonathan, May 22, 1763; Adam, 
April 2, 1767. 

(IV) Daniel (2), son of Frans and Agniet- 
je (Van Wie) Winne, was baptized January 
10, 1739. He married Catharine Houghteling, 
August 15, 1 761. Children with date of bap- 
tism: Agnietje, April 3, 1763, Coenrad, No- 
vember 19, 1764; Franciscus, June 11, 1766; 
Catharine, July 3, 1768; Willem, see forward; 
Johannes, September 14, 1771 ; Catharine, 
June 7, 1773; Helena, August 30, 1775; Cath- 
alyntje, January 3, 1778; David, January 5, 
1781. 

(V) Willem, son of Daniel (2), and Cath- 
arine (Houghteling) Winne, was baptized 
September 20, 1769. He married (first) Mary 
Baker, January 26, 1785; (second) about 

1792, Mary Oosterhout. Children: Daniel, 
born January 20, 1786; Dirk, November 23, 
1787; Peter, April 11, 1790; Peter (2), see 
forward. 

(VI) Peter, son of Willem and Mary (Oos- 
terhout) Winne, was born in the town of 
Knox, Albany county. New York, October 13, 

1793. He was reared to farm labor and on 
arriving at manhood continued in that occu- 
pation all his active years. He was rated a 
successful man and of importance in his com- 
munity. He married Van Zant, a de- 
scendant of the early Dutch family of that 
name. They were both members of the Dutch 
Reformed church. Peter died aged eighty ; 
his wife died in middle age. Children: i. 
James, of Albany, married Toll ; chil- 
dren : Hezekiah, Joseph, Peter, all of whom 
married and had issue. 2. Benjamin, grew 
to manhood on the farm in Knox ; later set- 
tled in Rensselaersville, where he married and 
died at an advanced age; two children yet liv- 
ing, Henry and Joseph. 3. John, a farmer of 
Glenville, Schenectady county. New York; 
married Maria Bronk, of the Hudson Valley 
Bronk family ; children : John, Rebecca and 
Alvira, the two latter married and are heads 
of families. 4. Henry Y., see forward. 5. 
Peter, born 1823; retired farmer now living 
in Amsterdam, New York; married Julia 
Sharp, of Guilderland Center, now (1910) 
living at the age of eighty-six ; has one son, 
Richard, of Amsterdam. 6. Adrie, died in Al- 
bany county. New York, at the age of eighty 

years ; farmer ; married Van Zant, and 

had issue. 7. Rachel, died unmarried at the 
age of twenty-two years. 8. Sarah Ann, mar- 
ried and removed to Chicago, Illinois. 

(VII) Henry Y., son of Peter and 

(Van Zant) Winne, was born in Knox, Al- 
bany county. New York, December 25, 1819, 
died in Glenville, Schenectady county, Janu- 
ary 3, 1907. He grew to manhood in Knox, 



where he pursued the occupation of a farmer 
until the death of his second wife, when he 
removed to Glenville, where he died. He was 
a thrifty, energetic man and acquired a sub- 
stantial fortune. Pie was a member of the 
Reformed church and a Republican in politics. 
• He married (first) in Knox, Jeannette, daugh- 
ter of Jacob L. Mesick, an old settler and jus- 
tice of the peace of Knox for many years ; she 
died in early married life, leaving a son Jacob 
I., see forward, and a daughter Emily, who 
died unmarried. He married (second) in 
Knox, Mary Van Schaick, of Berne, Albany 
county. She died without issue in 1868. He 
married (third) in Glenville, Schenectady 
county, ]\Irs. Arabella (Van Dusen) Hollen- 
beck, daughter of Cornelius Van Dusen. 
There was no issue of this marriage. Two 
children of his first marriage, Christianna and 
Arabella, both married and reside in Glen- 
ville. 

(ATII) Jacob I., only son of Henry Y., and 
his first wife, Jeannette (Mesick) Winne, was 
born in Knox, Albany county. New York, 
where he was educated in the public schools 
and at Knox Academy. He removed to Glen- 
ville with his father, being then aged twenty 
years. He has ever since resided in that town, ', 
where he is a prosperous farmer. He con- 1 
ducts a flour and feed store at Hofifmans, New 1 
York. He has always been prominently iden- 
tified with the Republican party and devoted 
much time to the public service. He has j 
served as county commissioner, justice of the 
peace, town supervisor, foreman of a division 
of the Erie canal, and other minor offices. In 
1909, he was the successful candidate of the 
Republican party for the office of county treas- 
urer of Schenectady county, and is now 
(1910) serving in that responsible position. 
Both he and his wife are attendants of the 
Dutch Refonned church, and interested in all 
that pertains to the life of their community. 
He is a member of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows of Glenville. He married, in 
Glenville, Maria Louisa, daughter of Matthew 
and Nancy (Silver) Hollenbeck, of Albany 
county, who removed to Glenville in 1870, pur- 
chased a farm, and died leaving a large family 
consisting of Sanford, William, Maria Louisa, 
Anna, Elsie and Frank Hollenbeck. Children 
of Jacob I. and Mary Louisa (Hollenbeck) 
Winne: i. Blanche, married John Barhydt, tel- 
egraph operator on the New York Central 
Railroad ; children : Roy, Raymond, John J. 
and Dora. 2. Jeannette, married Joseph Pet- 
ers, a farmer of Scotia, Schenectady county ; 
children : Marie, Earl. Jacob and Claude. 3. 
Jessie, married Lester Carter, telegraph oper- 
ator. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



6oi 



The Galusha family is one of 

GALUSHA the oldest in New England, 
although the precise date of 
their coming cannot be given. The family has 
been universally prominent in the state of Ver- 
mont where Jonas Galusha, the fifth governor 
of the state, had a remarkable career as sol- 
dier, judge and statesman. 

(I) Early in the seventeenth century, Jacob 
Galusha (then about eight years old) was 
abducted from Wales by persons interested 
in an estate to which he was likely to become 
an heir. He was sent to New England, and 
eventually settled near Plymouth, Massachu- 
setts, where he married and reared two sons, 
Jacob and Daniel. 

(H) Daniel, son of Jacob Galusha, married 
and had three sons, Jacob, Daniel and Jonas. 

(HI) Jacob (2), son of Daniel Galusha, 
was born January 8, 1751, died July 25, 1824, 
in Shaftsbury, Vermont. He was a farmer 
and blacksmith in good circumstances, of up- 
right character, sound judgment and much 
native shrewdness. In 1769 he removed to 
Salisbury, Connecticut, and thence in the 
spring of 1775 to Shaftsbury, Vermont. He 
married, (first) in Norwick, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 10. 1745, Lydia Huntington, born 
April 25, 1728, died May 6, 1764, daughter of 
Matthew and Elizabeth (Heath) Huntington, 
of Preston, Connecticut, of the same family 
with Governor Samuel Huntington, of Massa- 
.chusetts. Matthew Huntington was engaged 
in the French war of 1756-60, for which he 
enlisted a company of sixty men, and started 
with them for the seat of war on Lake George. 
He over-exerted himself on the way, and sud- 
denly died. Matthew was a son of Matthew 
Huntington, of Norwich, Connecticut, grand- 
son of Deacon Christopher Huntington, of 
Norwick, "The first born of males in the 
town" ; deacon of the Norwich Church for 
forty years ; great-grandson of Christopher 
Huntington, one of the original proprietors of 
Norwich, Connecticut ; great-great-grandson 
of Simon and Margaret (Baret) Hunting- 
ton, of Norwich, England. Simon Hunting- 
ton died on the voyage to America in 1633. 
The church records of Roxbury, Massachu- 
setts, in the handwriting of Rev. John Elliot, 
have his record, "Margaret Huntington, wid- 
ow, came in 1633. ^^^ husband died by way 

of the smallpox. She brought children 

with her." (The blank is as found in the 
records.) The number of children is five, of 
whom Christopher (4) is the fourth. Chil- 
dren of Jacob and Lydia (Huntington) Galu- 
sha: I. Mary. 2. Captain David, was the rep- 
resentative of Shaftsbury, Vermont, 1779; 
captain in Colonel Seth Warner's regiment in 



1775- 3- Jacob, was elected town clerk of 
Shaftsbury in 1784, and held the office forty- 
one years ; was also justice of the peace for 
a long term, and representative of Shafts- 
bury for ten consecutive years, 1801-11. 4. 
Jonas, was born in Norwich, Connecticut ; was 
a member of Captain Seth Warner's regiment 
of "Green Mountain Boys" in service in Can- 
ada in the fall of 1775 ; prior to the battle of 
Bennington, August 16, 1775, he was captain 
in command of his own company, and tliat of 
Captain Amos Huntington, his uncle, who had 
been taken prisoner at Hubbardstown ; he 
fought all through the battle of Bennington, 
although so weak before it began, that 
he had to be assisted ; he continued 
in the service until the surrender 
of Burgoyne; in 1781 he was elected 
sheriff of Bennington county, Vermont; in 

1792 member of the council of censors; in 

1793 member of the governor's council, re- 
elected six consecutive times; in 1795 assistant 
judge of Bennington- county, again in 1800 un- 
til 1806; in 1800 elected to state assembly, re- 
signing the second day to take a seat in the 
governor's council; in 1807 elected judge of 
the supreme court, and again in 1808; was 
presidential elector, 1809-21-25-29; elected 
governor of Vermont, 1809-10-11-12; in 1813 
elected by a plurality, but not a majority, the 
election going to the legislature who defeated 
him; elected governor in 1815-16-17-18-19; in 
1822, president of the Vermont constitutional 
convention, which was his last public office; 
he was a Democrat of the Jeffersonian school ; 
he had four wives ; he lived to the age of 
eighty-two years. 5. Amos, see forward. 6. 
Elijah. 7. Olive. 8. Lydia. 9. Anna. Jacob 
Galusha married (second) Thankful King, 
and had one daughter, Lucy. He married 
(third) Desire (Andrus) Metcalf, and had 
sons: Daniel, Benjamin, Ezra, Elias, daugh- 
ters: Desire and Sally. He married (fourth) 
Abigail Loomis. No issue. Abigail (Loom- 
is) Galusha was a woman of great strength 
and longevity. In her eightieth year she was 
baptized by immersion and joined the Baptist 
church in Shaftsbury, Vermont, and when 
ninety years old rode fifty miles in a wagon 
in one day with no serious inconvenience. 
Concerning the temper and disposition of his 
four wives, Mr. Galusha once said, in his pe- 
culiar shrewd way, "I have been twice in heav- 
en, once on earth and once in hell." 

(IV) Amos, fourth son of Jacob (2) and 
Lydia (Huntington) Galusha, was born in 
Norwich, Connecticut. He moved with his 
father's family to Salisbury, Connecticut, and 
later to Shaftsbury, Vermont. He served in 
the revolution in the company commanded by 



6o2 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



his brother, Captain Jonas Galusha, four days 
on an alarm in 1780; also on another alarm at 
Cambridge and Saratoga in 1781 ; also on an 
alarm at Castleton, Vermont, in October, 1781. 
During the administrations of Presidents Jef- 
ferson and Madison, he rendered them very 
efficient support by his contributions to the pe- 
riodical press. He married Mary, daughter 
of Jeremiah Clark, who was born in Preston, 
Connecticut, 1733, came to Bennington in 
1767, served in the revolution and took part 
in the battle of Bennington; was afterwards 
a member of the council of safety in 1777-78; 
councillor in 1778-80; chief justice of Ben- 
nington county, 1778. In the latter capacity 
he passed sentence of death on David Red- 
ding, the first man executed in Vermont. He 
was styled major ; he died in 1817. Children 
of Amos and Mary (Clark) Galusha: Amos, 
married Elizabeth Spencer; Elijah, see for- 
ward ; Eunice, married Jonathan Niles ; Jacob, 
married Betsy Niles; Simeon and Anne, 
twins, died unmarried. 

(V) Elijah, son of Captain Amos Galusha, 
was born in Shafsbury, Vermont; came to 
Troy, New York, about 1830, and died there 
in 1871. He was a manufacturer of fine fur- 
niture, for which he was noted. He continued 
in business in Troy until his death. He mar- 
ried Charlotte M. Hewlett, born in Vermont, 
died in New York City in 1888. They had 
issue. 

(VI) Henry, son of Elijah and Charlotte 
M. (Howlett) Galusha, was born in Troy, 
New York, August 24, 1833, died in the same 
city, September 14, 1909. He was educated 
in the private schools of Troy. He began and 
ended his business career of over half a cen- 
tury in the wholesale grocery business, begin- 
ning as a clerk with Battershall & McDoual, 
continuing with their successors, McDoual, 
Squires & Sherry. In i860 Peter McDoual 
died, and he was admitted to the firm, whose 
sign, Squires, Sherry & Galusha, has stood 
unchanged for fifty years. Mr. Galusha was 
a most excellent man of business, and although 
of a quiet, retiring nature had a multitude of 
friends. He was a lifelong member of the 
Presbyterian church, of which he was for 
many years an elder. He had served in ear- 
lier years as chairman of the board of trustees 
and superintendent of the Sunday school. He 
was a member of the Masonic order, affiliated 
with Mount Zion Lodge; member of William 
Floyd Chapter, Sons of the Revolution ; the 
Troy Club ; senior member of the Citizens' 
Corps, and an exempt fireman, and honorary 
member of Arba Read Steamer Company. He 
married Elizabeth Osgood (see Os- 
good VIII). They lived in Troy for over 



half a century and in 1908 passed their golden 
wedding. Mrs. Galusha is a member of the 
Presbyterian church in Troy, where she has 
worshipped for over fifty years. She sur- 
vives her husband and resides at 100 First 
street, Troy. 

(The Osgood Line). 
Mrs. Henry Galusha (Elizabeth Osgood) 
descends from the Osgood family of England 
and Andover, Massachusetts. The name Os- 
good was established in several counties of 
England when the Domesday Book was com- 
piled in 1066. The American family has been 
traced to Peter Osgood, of Nether Wallup, 
who was assessed in 1552, and whose will was 
proved in 1534. The earliest parish register 
of Wherwell, England, is dated 1634. On 
November 14, 1636, the baptism of Elizabeth, 
daughter of John and Sarah Osgood, is re- 
corded. Their names next appear on the list 
of passengers, dated April 14, 1638, of the 
ship "Confidence," which sailed from South- 
ampton for New England. John Osgood was 
admitted a freeman in Massachusetts, May 26, 
1639. There were three Osgoods who founded 
families in Massachusetts, all settled first at 
Newbury, Massachusetts, Christopher, John 
and William. John and William came in the 
"Confidence," while Christopher preceded 
them. They were doubtless nearly related, 
while some genealogists claim they were 
brothers. 

(I) John Osgood, born in the parish of 
Wherwell, Hampshire, England, July 23, 
1595, died in Andover, Massachusetts, Octo- 
ber 24, 1 65 1. He was for a time of Ipswich 
and Newbury, after coming to Massachusetts 
in 1638, but in 1645 settled in Andover, where 
he died. He was the first representative from 
Andover to sit in the general court. He was 
one of the first ten members, freeholders, as 
required by law to form and constitute the 
church at Andover. He married, in England, 

about 1627, Sarah , who died April 8, 

1667. 

(II) John (2), eldest, son of John (i) and 
Sarah Osgood, was born in England about 
1630, died in Andover, Massachusetts, August 
31, 1693. He lived in Andover in the house 
his father had left him. He was sergeant, 
lieutenant and captain of militia, the latter 
in 1683. He was innholder and selectman sev- 
eral terms. He was very popular with the 
townspeople of Andover. He married at Ha- 
verhill, November 15, 1653, May, daughter of 
Rev. Robert Clements, who came from Lon- 
don in 1642. May (Clements) Osgood was 
one of the unfortunates suspected of witch- 
craft in the miserable delusion of 1692, was 
examined in Salem before John Hawthorne 




FiylgSetf/^.r, d _'- 



•yue^nr^' i^/ztttdA^^ 



I rA,/frK^//'ai Ca 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



603 



and other "Majestie's Justices," September 8, 

1692, confessed and was indicted in January, 

1693, but recanted before Increase Mather. 
After four months' imprisonment she was re- 
leased. They had twelve children. 

(HI) Stephen, youngest son of John (2) 
and May (Clements) Osgood, was born in 
Ipswich, or Newbury, Massachusetts, 1683 ; 
died January 15, 1691. He was a farmer. He 
married, October 24, 1663, Mary Hooker. 

(IV) Hooker, son of Stephen and Mary 
(Hooker) Osgood, was born in Andover, 
Massachusetts, August 24, 1668, died in Lan- 
caster, January 29, 1748. He was a saddler; 
also selectman in Lancaster, Massachusetts. 
He married, April 26, 1692, Dorothy Wood. 

(V) Captain David, son of Hooker and 
Dorothy (Wood) Osgood, was born October 
S, 1698; was of Sterling, Massachusetts, 
where he owned a negro slave. He married, 
November 3, 1742, Eunice Carter. 

(VI) Captain David (2), son of Captain 
David (i) and Eunice (Carter) Osgood, was 
born in Lancaster, Massachusetts, April 21, 
1734, died in Rutland, Vermont, October 9, 
1812. He moved to Rutland, Vermont, at an 
early date in its settlement; was a large land- 
'Owner and cattle dealer, and during the revol- 
utionary war the army of General Gates was 
■supplied from his herds. He married (first), 
April 12, 1759, Sarah Baily; (second) Mar- 
tha ; (third). Widow Spencer; 

(fourth). Widow Campbell, who survived 
him. 

(VII) David (3), son of Captain David (2) 
Osgood, and his first or second wife (most 
•likely the first), was born December 31, 1774, 
died 1820. He removed from Rutland, Ver- 
mont, to Cooperstown, New York, where he 
was engaged in the clothing business ; removed 
to Rensselaer county, New York, where he 
put in operation the first carting machine in 
New York state; afterwards removed to Eat- 
on, Madison county. New York, where he died 
in 1820. He married (first), Mary Rice; 
(second) Caroline Lester, of Columbia coun- 
ty. Children, all by second wife : Jason C, 
see forward ; David R., married Mary Pome- 
Toy ; Jonathan W., unmarried ; Janet R. ; Bel- 
sey, married Rev. David Tripp ; lived in 
Washington, Indiana ; Robert R., of Troy, 
New York, harness-maker and later manufac- 
turer of dredging machines ; married Sarah M. 
Smith ; Adeline S., unmarried ; Mary J., mar- 
ried Barnard Cook, of Lapeer, Michigan. 

(VIII) Jason C, son of David (3) and Car- 
oline (Lester) Osgood, was born 1804, died 
April 27, 1875. He was a constructing and 
■civil engineer and engaged on a great deal 
■of river, harbor, and public work, inventing 



and constructing special machinery for his 
operations. He held many public offices in 
Troy, New York; was member of the assem- 
bly, fire commissioner, etc. He married Ase- 
nath Moyer. Children: Helen C, born May 
6, 1834, married Nelson Davenport ; Adaline 
A., born March 18, 1836, died August 9, 1849; 
Elizabeth, born March 12, 1838, married Hen- 
ry Galusha (see Galusha VI). 



The original settler of the 
VAN BUREN Van Buren family did not 
bear the name Van Buren. 
It was not the custom when he came to Amer- 
ica, 1631, for Netherlanders to have a family 
name, except in rare cases. The Dutch of 
New Netherland, after the succession of the 
English in 1664, began to adopt family sur- 
names, generally taking the name of the place 
from which they or their parents emigrated 
in Holland, using the profix "Van," which is 
Dutch for of or from. Thus it was, no doubt, 
with the second generation of the Van Buren 
family in America, the father of whom was 
Cornelis Maessen, Maes or Maas, being the 
christian name of his father, the suffix "sen" 
or "se" signifying son. This was the custom 
then in vogue among the Dutch and some 
other European nationalities, and is not yet 
wholly done away with among the peasantry. 
To illustrate this custom: Marten, the eldest 
son of Cornelis Maessen, made his will in 
1703, written in Dutch, in which his name 
is signed "Marten Cornelissen Van Buren," 
meaning Marten son of Cornelis from Buren. 
(Frank J. Conkling in New York Gen. and 
Biog. Record, vol. xxviii — p 121.) 

(I) Cornelis Maessen, either emigrated 
from Buren, a village of the Province of Gel- 
derland, Holland, or was a native of that 
place. During the summer of 163 1 he sailed 
for America in the ship "Rensselaerwyck," 
having with him his young wife, Catalyntje 
Martense, (daughter of a man named Mar- 
ten) and at least one son named Marten. A 
second son Hendrick is said to have been born 
on the voyage. They settled on a farm a 
little below Greenbush, at a place called Paps- 
knee, leasing a farm from the patroon, Killian 
Van Rensselaer, who had been granted large 
tracts comprising large portions of the present 
counties of Albany and Rensselaer, then called 
Rensselaerwyck. The rental paid in 1644 by 
Cornelis Maessen to Van Renssaelaer was one 
hundred bushels wheat, oats, rye, and a few 
peas. This was supposed to be one-tenth of 
his crop for that year. Little more is known 
of Cornelis. He and his wife died in 1648, 
and the records show they were buried the 
same day. He died intestate, and the children 



6o4 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



were placed under guardians. His estate con- 
sisted in part of property in New York City, 
where is now between Fourteenth and Chris- 
topher streets. Children mentioned in legal 
papers: JMarten C, see forward, Hendrick, 
Maes, Styntje. 

(H) Marten Cornelisse, "Black Marten" 
(son of Cornells Maessen) deposed, 1660, that 
he was "born in Houten," a few miles from 
the village of Buren in the province of 
Utrecht. He was probably about two years of 
age when his parents came to America. In 
1662 he sold his home, located "This side of 
Bethlehem" (about two miles below Albany). 
In 1665 he leased half of Constapel's Island 
below Albany. He and his wife were mem- 
bers of the Dutch Church in Albany in 1683. 
The census of 1697 credits his family with a 
membership of "two men, no women, one 
child." In December, 1683, he paid church 
dues, for the rise of the "large pall," indicat- 
ing that at about that time he had buried an 
adult member of his family. In 1700 he was 
captain of a military company in the regiment 
commanded by Colonel Pieter Schuyler. He 
married (first) Maritje, daughter of Pieter 
Quackenbosch. It is more than likely that she 
was the adult member of the family buried in 
1683, as on May 7, 1693, "Marten Cornellisse, 
widower of Maritje Quackenbosch" was mar- 
ried to "Tameke Adams, widow of Pieter 
Winne"; the latter wife must have died pre- 
vious to the taking of the census of 1697. His 
will made April 13, 1703, proved June 7, 1710, 
(in which latter year he died) mentions chil- 
dren : Cornells Martense, Cornelia Martense, 
Pieter IMartense, Maitje Martense, Marten 
Martense. 

(Ill) Pieter Martense, son of Marten Cor- 
nelisse Van Buren, married, January 15, 1693, 
Ariaantje Barentse, daughter of Barent Mein- 
dersen and Eytje (Ida) his wife. Pieter M. 
and his wife were admitted to membership 
of the Dutch Church at Albany in 1695, as 
from Kinderhook, where they had settled 
about the time of their marriage. He was 
a freeholder in Kinderhook in 1720, and prob- 
ably died previous to 1743, which year four 
of his sons were mentioned as freeholders of 
Kinderhook. His children were baptized in 
the Dutch Church, Albany, and their order 
of birth can only be ascertained there, as he 
left no will. The children were baptized in 
the order given : Cornells, Barent, see for- 
ward, Marritje (Maria), Eytje (Ida), Mar- 
ten, Cornells, Ephrahim and Maria. Marten, 
sixth child, married Duckie Van Allstyne, and 
had a son Abraham, who was father of Mar- 
tin Van Buren, eighth president of the United 
States. 



(IV) Barent, son of Pieter Martense Van 
Buren, was born January 20, 1695. He mar- 
ried (first) December 29, 1719, ; (sec- 
ond) Margarita Van Vetchen, December 23, 
1637; (third) about 1747, Catalyntje (Van 
Buren), widow of Jacob J. Schermerhorn. 
Children : Ariaantje, Marten, Cornelisse, Ma- 
ria, Marytje, Margarita, Hendrickje, Judikje, 
Elizabeth and William. 

(V) William, son of Barent Van Buren, 
was born May 27, 1759, died February 11, 
1830. He married, August 23, 1785, Cather- 
ine, born September 17, 1767, daugh- 
ter of Cornells and Elizabeth (Pruyn) Put- 
nam. Cornelis Putnam, commonly called 
"Boss Putnam," two days before his death 
made his will; in this he styles himself "of 
Charleston yeoman." To son Peter he gave 
the homestead ; to Catherine he gave land in 
Mabees Patent; Cornelis was a son of Victor 
Putnam and grandson of Jan of Schenectady, 
jporn supposedly in Holland, 1645, founder of 
the principal Putnam family in America. He 
and his wife were killed by Indians at burning 
of Schenectady, February 8, 1690. Victor 
(\'ictoor) was living in 1733, and from an 
old letter it is known that he was called "Cap- 
tain Victor." He was a member of the Sec- 
ond Foot Company at Schenectady in 1715, 
the only Putnam on the list, which included 
every able-bodied man between sixteen and 
sixty. Children of William and Catherine 
(Putnam) Van Buren: Barent, Cornelius, 
see forward, Catherina, Elizabeth, Hendrick 
Tobias. 

(VI) Cornelius, son of William and Cath- 
erine (Putnam) Van Buren, was born Sep- 
tember 14, 1792. He left the Valley of the 
Hudson and following the Mohawk Valley 
settled in the town of Glen, Montgomery 
county, where he cleared and improved a 
farm. He married Magdelene Martine and 
had issue. Cornelius and wife, like their an- 
cestors, were members of the Dutch Reformed 
church. 

(VII) Peter Putnam, son of Cornelius and 
Magdelene (Martine) Van Buren, was born 
in the town of Glen, Montgomery county, 
January 24, 1814; lived there all his life a 
farmer; died May 17, 1851. He married, De- 
cember 27, 1838, Rachel Maria Enders, born 
December 6, 1816, died July i6. 1873. She 
was a relative of Captain Philip Christian 
Enders, born July 22, 1740, in Braunsijweiler, 
District of Zugenheim, Nassau, Germany, died 
February 26, 1809, in Dauphin county, Penn- 
sylvania. After completing his education he 
entered the military service of his Sovereign, 
William Heinrich, Prince of Nassau, partici- 
pating in numerous battles of the "Seven 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



605 



Years War." For gallantry and other soldier- 
ly qualities he was promoted to a captaincy 
in the Royal Cavalry. He subsequently re- 
signed his commission, and May 13, 1764, 
married Anna, daughter of Conrad Degen, of 
Slippertsfield, Nassau. A few months later 
he came to America, with his bride ; settled 
first in Philadelphia, later in what was then 
Lancaster, now Dauphin county, Pennsyl- 
vania. In 1788 he purchased a tract of thir- 
teen hundred acres in Upper Paxtang on 
which he located, lived and died. His wife 
died in 1796. He survived her thirteen years. 
They were the parents of thirteen children, 
eight sons, four of whom married and reared 
large families ; four of the daughters married 
sons of the Kreeger, Baughman, Miller and 
Phillips families. It is believed that the End- 
ers family came to America with the second 
emigration from the lower Palitinate, settling 
in the Schoharie Valley in 1 712- 13. The 
family is numerous in Schoharie county, and 
during the revolution many of the name 
served in the militia of Albany and other 
counties. The ancestor was Bertram Enders; 
his son Peter settled near Schoharie Junction. 
He was a revolutionary soldier. During the 
raid of Sir John Johnston and Brant, in the 
Schoharie Valley in 1780, his buildings were 
burned. He had two brothers, Jacob and John. 
It is from this line that Rachel Maria Enders 
(wife of Peter Putnam Van Buren) de- 
scended, but the connection is not clearly 
shown by the records. Children of Peter P. 
and Rachel M. (Enders) Van Buren: i. Cor- 
nelius, see forward. 2. Emily, born April 15, 
1842 ; married Boyd R. Hudson ; children : Ag- 
nes, deceased ; Van Buren, deceased ; and Em- 
ily (Mrs. Lewis of Fort Hunter). 3. Helen, 
September 10, 1844; married (first) Dotus V. 
Morris, (second) David Getman, no issue. 4. 
Enders, December 10, 1847, died July, 1881. 
5. Martin E., June 17, 1850; cashier of City 
National Bank, Amsterdam, New York ; mar- 
ried Marcia Craig; died October, 1898. Chil- 
dren : John C. and Martin E. Jr. 

(VIII) Cornelius, eldest child of Peter Put- 
nam and Rachel Maria (Enders) Van Buren, 
was born in Glen, Montgomery county. New 
York, January 25, 1840, and is living in Am- 
sterdam, New York. He was educated in the 
public schools of the district, Johnstown Acad- 
emy, Amsterdam Academy, and at Claverack, 
New York. His first essay in business was 
as a grocer's clerk at Aurresville, where he 
remained two years, 1858-60. For the next 
three years he was clerk for Voorhees, Van 
Antwerp & Company, proprietors of the Ful- 
tonville & New York Transportation Com- 
pany, with office at Fultonville. This was be- 



fore the railroads did all the business and the 
company had a large trade. He was later pro- 
moted to manager of the New York office. In 
1866 he returned permanently to Amsterdam, 
moving there and remaining in that city three 
years, where he associated himself with John 
C. Putnam in the flour, feed, grain and coal 
business. He was successful in business and 
prominent in the public life of Amsterdam. 
In 1 88 1, he purchased Mr. Putnam's interest, 
and still continues, under the style of C. Van 
Buren Company. He' is a Republican and 
served as the representative of that party. He 
was school trustee several years, supervisor 
three years, member of state legislature, 1881- 
82, the historical session that witnessed the 
political downfall of Roscoe Conkling. In 
1887 he was elected alderman of the city, 
was one of the board of sewer commissioners, 
trustee and president of the City Hospital, 
was an organizer and vice-president of the 
Merchants National Bank until its closing out, 
director of the City National Bank from 1890 
until the present time, and a director of the 
Amsterdam Savings Bank. His continuance 
in public offices of trust is the best encomium 
that could be uttered. 

He married, January 24, 1867, in Boston, 
Massachusetts, Marion B., born November 
3, 1844, died January 21, 1889, daughter of 
John G. and Ann (McConnell) Gove, of New 
Hampshire. John Greenleaf Gove was born 
January 24, 1809, died 1884, son of Rev. John 
Gove, of New Hampshire, born January 17, 
1777, died June 6, 1866; married June 11, 
1805; Lydia Herrick, born February" 2, 1785, 
died 1844, daughter of Ebenezer Herrick, born 
in Reading, Massachusetts, ,j\Iarch 2, 1759, 
died January 9, 1842, at Marlborough, Massa- 
chusetts ; was a soldier of the revolution, serv- 
ing in Captain Amos Upton's company. His 
wife wasLydiTi Eaton. Ebenezer Herrick was 
son of Samuel Herrick, of Reading, Massa- 
chusetts, and his wife, Elizabeth Jones, of 
Wilmington, Massachusetts. Children of 
Cornehus and Marion B. (Gove) Van Buren: 
I. George G., born June 16, 1868; resident of 
Amsterdam, New York ; twice married ; has 
children: Marion, born June 2, 1891, and 
Cornelius, August 13, 1896. 2. Florence, Jan- 
uary ID, 1870, died in infancy. 3. Grace, fur- 
ther mentioned. 

(IX) Grace, only daughter of Cornelius and 
Marion B. (Gove) Van Buren, was born in 
Amsterdam, New York, January 6, 1879. She 
was educated in private schools, at college, and 
studied art in Boston ; she is a member of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, and 
other organizations. She married, December 
21, 1901, Karl Isburgh, born in Melrose, Mas- 



i6o6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



sachusetts, August 25, 1878; was educated in 
private schools and at Chauncey Hall, Boston. 
He is in active business in Amsterdam, asso- 
•ciated with C. Van Buren Company. He is a 
member of leading social organizations of the 
-city. He is a son of Charles H., and a grand- 
son of Alexander and Mary A. (Pray) Is- 
burgh, both born in Stockholm, Sweden, later 
of Boston, Massachusetts, where they died. 
Charles H. Isburgh by his first wife had a 
son Frederick T., of Lynn, Massachusetts. By 
his second wife, Ida Josephine (Kimball) Is- 
burgh, he had: i. Elsie, married Walter B. 
Peabody, of Waban, Massachusetts, and has 
Gretchen and Mildred Peabody. 2. Karl, of 
previous mention. Mr. and Mrs. Karl Isburgh 
are the parents of Donald, born January 8, 
1903, and Marion Van Buren, Isburgh, August 
5. 1904- 

Two brothers of this name, 
BRADT (Bradt, Brat or Bratt) Albert 
Andriese and Arent Andriese, 
■were among the early settlers of Albany. They 
■often went by the name of "De Noormen." 
The former remained in Albany, and is the 
.ancestor of most of the earlier families in 
Albany county. 

(I) Arent Andriese Bratt became one of 
■the first proprietors of Schenectady in 1662, 
about which time he died, leaving a widow 
and six children. His wife was Cataleynte, 
daughter of Andries De Vos, deputy director 
■of Rensselaerwyck. After the death of her 
husband, the grants of land allotted to him 
were confirmed to her. Her home lot in the 
village of Schenectady was the west quarter 
of the block bounded by Washington, Union, 
Church and State streets. On this lot her 
grandson, Arent A. Bratt, brewer, built the 
ancient Dutch House that stood so long on 
the north side of State street near Wash- 
ington. November 12, 1664, being about to 
•marry a second husband, she contracted with 
the guardian of her children to set off for 
them from her estate one thousand guilders. 
Her second husband, Barent Janse Van Dit- 
mars, was killed in the Indian massacre of 
1690. She married (third) 1691 ; Chaas Janse 
Van Boekhoven, whom she also outlived. She 
died in 1712. In the marriage contract with 
Van Ditmars, the following children were 
mentioned ; Aeffie, aged fifteen years ; she la- 
ter married Claas Van Pelten ; Ariantje, aged 
thirteen ; married Ryer Schermerhorn ; An- 
dries Arentse, aged eleven years ; Cornelia, 
aged nine years ; married Jan Pootman, and 
with her husband was killed at the massacre 
of 1690; Samuel, aged five years; Dirk, aged 
three years. 



(II) Samuel, son of Arent Andriese and 
Cataleynte (De Vos) Bratt, was born in 1659. 
His farm numbered No. i among the twenty 
farms into which the "Great Flats" was di- 
vided, was originally patented to his mother, 
later in 1713 it was conveyed to Samuel Bratt. 
It contained fifteen morgens and four hundred 
and sixty-seven rods. He married Susanna, 
daughter of Jacques Cornelise Van Slyck (son 
of the settler). Children: Arent, see for- 
ward; Margaretta, married Captain Daniel 
Toll; Anna; Jacobus, married Margarita 
Clute; Cornelia; Johannes; Catalyntje, mar- 
ried Jacobus Van Slyck; Susanna, married 
Bartholomew Vrooman ; Andreas, married 
Anna De Graff ; Samuel, married Catarina 
Van Peyten ; Ephraim, married Claartje Bosie, 
widow of Cornelius Viele (2). 

(III) Arent, son of Samuel and Susanna 
(Van Slyck) Bratt, built and resided in the 
ancient brick house that was standing in 1873, 
southwest of the first lock above the city. The 
brick house mentioned remained in the family 
until 1839. He fell heir to a great deal of the 
property left by his grandparents. He married 
Catarina, died 1773, in her eighty-third year, 
daughter of Jan Pieterse Mebie. Children : 
Samuel, married Catharine Van Guysling; 
Johannes, married Anna Van Antwerpen ; Su- 
sanna, married Jacques Peck; Annetje, mar- 
ried Johannes Helmerse Veeder; Margaret, 
married Cornells Vrooman ; Eva ; Abraham, 
see forward ; Jacobus ; Engeltye, married Dan- 
iel Campbell. 

(IV) Abraham, son of Arent and Catarina 
(Mebie) Bratt, was baptized December 13, 
1727. He was a farmer of the town of Rot- 
terdam, Schenectady county, which became the 
family seat during the lifetime of his father. 
He made his will August 4, 1806, proved 
April 12, 1816, in which he spoke of all his 
children as then living, except Arent and Re- 
becca. He married, February 7, 1761, Sarah, 
died September 8, 1783, in her forty-sixth 
year, daughter of Frederic Van Pelten. Chil- 
dren : Arent, died young. Arent (2), mar- 
ried (first) Engeltje Van Pelten; (second) 
Jannetje Van Schaick ; Elisabeth; Frederick; 
Johannes, see forward ; Nicholas, died aged 
seventy ; married Margarita, daughter of Cor- 
nelius Mebie : Catarina ; Rebecca ; Eva ; Angel- 
ica and Sarah. 

(V) Johannes (John), son of Abraham of 
the Woestine and Sarah (Van Pelten) Bratt, 
was born in the town of Rotterdam, New 
York, April i, 1770, died there July 14, 1846. 
He was a farmer, member of the Dutch Re- 
formed church, and a Democrat. He married, 
January 19, 1793, Willempie (Willamette), 
died January 4, 1862, in her eighty-eighth 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



607 



3'ear, daughter of Cornelius Mebie, and sister 
of Jacob Mebie, accidentally killed at the age 
■of sixty. (His wife, Eva Van Patten, died 
at the age of ninety.) Children: i. Abraham, 
born June 9, 1793, died young. 2. Cornelius, 
July 2, 1796; married Rebecca Van Patten. 3. 
Abraham A., see forward. 4. Esther, born July 
30, 1803, died 1873; married Albert H. Ved- 
der, farmer of Gloversville, died at the age of 
eighty. 5. Arent, (Aaron) born August 13, 
1806; married Jane Van Schaick. 6. Sara, 
born April 18, 1809; married Aaron Barin- 
ger, of Rotterdam, died in Schenectady, leav- 
ing a daughter Martha, who married Frank 
Bessel. 7. Catharine, born July 4, 1812, died 
January 5, 1850; married Cornelius Becker, a 
veteran of the civil war, who died in the army 
from wounds received in battle, his body was 
sent north and he lies beside his wife in the 
Rotterdam burying ground. 

(VI) Abraham A., son of John and Wil- 
lamette (Mebie) Bradt, was born June 3, 
1800, in the town of Rotterdam, Schenectady 
county. New York. He was reared on the 
farm and later in life owned and operated a 
farm in the town of his birth. He was pros- 
perous and a man of high standing in his 
community. He married Sarah Van Slyck, 
born in Schenectady, 1798, died 1841. Chil- 
dren: I. Annie, died 1908, aged eighty-five 
years; married David Van Slyck. 2. Aaron, 
died in California. 3. Garret V., died in Rot- 
terdam, unmarried, aged twenty-two years. 4. 
Harman, died unmarried at the age of twenty- 
seven years. 5. David, died in 1880, leaving 
four children. 6. Maria, married William H. 
Van Vranken. 7. John, of San Francisco, 
California; married Mary Kelly, now de- 
ceased, leaving a daughter Mary, who married 
David Warfield, the noted actor. 8. Sarah, 
unmarried. 9. Joseph, of New York City. 10. 
Henry, see forward. 

(VH) Henry, youngest child of Abraham 
A. and Sarah (Van Slyck) Bradt, was born 
in Rotterdam, New York, December 31, 1842. 
He was reared on the home farm, educated in 
the town schools, and in early life was em- 
ployed in the manufacture of brooms. In 1867 
he located in Schenectady and in partnership 
with James C. Thoma conducted a grocery 
store, continuing four years when the firm dis- 
solved. Mr. Bradt then returned to his origi- 
nal business, started a factory in Schenectady 
and began the manufacture of brooms. He 
conducted the business successfully until his 
retirement. He served as trustee of the Sche- 
nectady Savings Bank several years. He is Re- 
publican in politics ; was elected supervisor 
from the second ward of Schenectady and 
served several years. The last official act of 



Governor Levi P. Morton before retiring from 
office was the appointment of Mr. Bradt treas- 
urer of Schenectady county, a vacancy then 
existing. He represented the third ward in 
the city council for six years, and has always 
been an active ' party worker. He was the 
treasurer of the Republican county committee ; 
delegate to numerous conventions of his party, 
and was a leader. His first presidential vote 
was cast for Abraham Lincoln for a second 
term. He and wife are members of the Re- 
formed church. He married, in Rotterdam, in 
1863, Jane Ann Thoma, born in Florida, Mont- 
gomery county, February 3, 1836, daughter of 
Alva and Maria (Bunn) Thoma. Alva Tho- 
ma was born in the province of Baden-Baden, 
Germany, came to the United States when a 
young man, married in Amsterdam, and died 
in Schenectady in 1898, in his ninety-fourth 
year. He was a Methodist and a Republican. 
His wife, Maria Bunn, survived him and had 
also attained the great age of ninety-three 
years, dying July 28, 1910. She resided in 
Schenectady with her youngest son, James C. 
Thoma. She had other sons, Alfred W., of 
Burlington, Iowa; married Berthina Magee; 
George, a physician of Reno, Nevada. Chil- 
dren of Henry and Jane (Thoma) Bradt: i. 
George T., born August 4, 1869; prepared for 
college at Schenectady high school ; was grad- 
uated at Union University, class of 1893; is 
connected with the General Electric Company ; 
married Ada Kirste ; children : Adaline K. 
and Dorothy T. 2. William H., born 1876; 
graduate of high school ; he began early to 
show a taste for public life ; was page in the 
legislature, secretary of the board of city su- 
pervisors ; appointed 1905 private secretary to 
superintendent of public works, John N. Park- 
er, continuing with his successor in office ; he 
is a member of the firm of Odell & Bradt, 
coal dealers; married Mary Re.xford. 3. Fred 
A., born 1882; graduate of high school; de- 
partment foreman General Electric Company ; 
married Hazel Miller; daughter Ada M. 



The early records of the Law- 
LAWTON tons do not show the date of 
arrival of the emigrant ances- 
tor nor from whence he came. Both 
Savage and Austin give as the first of record 
George Lawton, who with a brother Thomas 
was of Portsmouth, Rhode Island. The first 
record, probably that of the emigrant, as no 
earlier Lawton can be found. 

(I) George Lawton in 1638 was admitted 
an inhabitant to the island of Aquidneck. In 
1639 he signed a compact with twenty-eight 
others acknowledging themselves loyal sub- 
jects of King Charles. In 1648 had a grant 



6o8 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



of forty acres of land "near his brother Thom- 
as ;" in 1648 he was made member of the 
court of trials ; 1655 became a freeman ; 1665- 
72-75-76-79 was deputy to the general court. 
From 1 67 1 to 1678 the settlement was greatly 
disturbed by Indian troubles in which George 
Lawton is frequently mentioned in various 
responsibilities , 1 680-8 1 -82-83-84-85-86-89-90. 
He was assistant to the governor. He owned 
land and followed farming as an occupation. 
He was a member of the Society of Friends 
as were following generations. He died Oc- 
tober 5, 1693, and was buried in his orchard 
at Portsmouth, Rhode Island. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Martha 
Hazard, of Portsmouth. Children: i. Isabel, 
married Samuel Albro ; four children. 2. John, 
married Mary Boomer, one son. 3. Mary, mar- 
ried John Babcock, ten children. 4. George 
(2), see forward. 5. Robert, married Mary 
Woodell, four children. 6. Susanna, married 
Thomas Cornell, three children. 7. Ruth, 
married William Woodell, no issue. 8. Mercy, 
married James Tripp, no issue. 9. Job, un- 
married. 10. Elizabeth, married Robert Carr, 
two children. 

Thomas Lawton, brother of George Law- 
ton, married (second) Grace Bailey, and had 
five children : Elizabeth, had fourteen children ; 
Daniel, twelve children ; Ann, two children ; 
Sarah, eleven children ; Isaac, had three wives 
and eleven children, all by first wife. There 
was also a John Lawton admitted an inhabi- 
tant of Aquidneck (Portsmouth) who may 
have been a brother of George and Thomas. 

(II) George (2), son of George (i) and 
Elizabeth (Hazard) Lawton, died at Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, September 11, 1697. He 
was a wealthy farmer. His will proved Sep- 
tember 24, 1697, leaves lands, money, stock, 
slaves and personal property to be divided 
equally between his four children and his wife. 
He married, January 17, 1677, Naomi, daugh- 
ter of Bartholomew and Ann Hunt, who bore 
him four children. She survived her husband 
and became the third wife of his cousin, Isaac, 
son of Thomas Lawton. Children : Elizabeth, 
born November 15, 1678; George, see for- 
ward; Robert, October 14, 1688; Job, Janu- 
ary 22, 1692. 

(III) George (3), son of George (2) and 
Naomi (Hunt) Lawton, was born at Aquid- 
neck. April 30, 1683, died April 11, 1740. He 
inherited lands and property under his father's 
will and spent his life as a husbandman. He 
was of the family faith in religion, as his 
father before him. He married, February 26, 
1707, Mary Gould, born November 29, 1688, 
and had issue. 

(IV) Robert, son of George (3) and Mary 



(Gould) Lawton, was born February 4, 1708, 
in the same house as his father and grand- 
father at Portsmouth, Rhode Island. He mar- 
ried, November 11, 1748, at the same town 
and place, Mary Hall, born March 3, 1721. 
He was "a man just and upright in all his 
acts," "A man who dearly loves justice." 

(V) William, son of Robert and Mary 
(Hall) Lawton, was born in the old home- 
stead, December 26, 1755. He was a farmer, 
and served in the revolutionary war as a pri- 
vate in spite of his Quaker ancestry and prin- 
ciples. He was commissioner of the Rhode 
Island militia. May 7, 1796, was made cap- 
tain, and in June, 1803, promoted major of 
the First Regiment of Rhode Island militia. 
He married, April 24, 1778, Sarah Barker, 
born January 28, 1758, and had twelve chil- 
dren. Sarah Barker was the daughter of Pet- 
er and Ruth (Lawton) Barker. Ruth Law- 
ton was the fourth in line from Thomas Law- 
ton, the immigrant brother of George 
Lawton. 

(VI) George (4), second child of Major 
William and Sarah (Barker) Lawton, was 
born August 31, 1799, died September 18, 
1824. He lived in Providence, Rhode Island, 
and was a mechanic. He married j\Iaria E. 
Baker, born November 26, 1802, died Janu- 
ary 13, 1858, at Troy, New York. 

(VII) George Franklin, son of George (4) 
and i\laria E. (Baker) Lawton, was born 
September 8, 1824, died March 24, 1902. He 
was a hat manufacturer of Providence, Rhode 
Island, owning and operating his own factory. 
In 1869 he removed to Troy, New York, 
where he continued in the same business as 
manager of the hat factory of E. W. Bough- 
ton. He continued in this position for about 
twenty years, when he again began manufac- 
turing in his own factory, where he continued 
in successful business until 1889, w'hen he re- 
tired. He enlisted October 10, 1862, as first 
lieutenant of Company F, Twelfth Regiment 
Rhode Island \'olunteer Infantry, and was in 
the most bloody battle of the war, Fredericks- 
burg. He was severely wounded in the first 
battle fought there, receiving a piece of shell 
over the left eye and after a long illness 
recovered, but had lost the sight of that eye. 
Prior to going to the front he was appointed 
recruiting officer by Governor Sprague of 
Rhode Island, August 14, 1862, and after serv- 
ing two months was commissioned lieutenant 
and went to the front with his regiment. He 
was an active member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, and a Republican. He mar- 
ried (first) October 27, 1844, Mary E., born 
August 19, 1824, died October 6, 1857, daugh- 
ter of Thomas J. and Abigail (Snow) EarL 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



609 



He married (second) January 25, 1859, Mrs. 
Marah A. (Marsh) Doane, born August 12, 
1826, died April 24, 1895, daughter of John 
C. Marsh, born July 9, 1800, died December 
23, 1870, farmer and blacksmith of Leverett, 
Massachusetts, who married Elcipha Marsh, 
"born February 6, 1802, died February 5, 1859. 
John C. Marsh was a descendant of John 
Marsh, of Hartford, 1636. Coming down 
through Samuel (3) Ebenezer, (4) Enos, (5) 
Joshua, (6) John C. Children of first 
wife, Mary E. Earl: i. Lucy M., married 
(first) Cyril B. Manchester, June 4, 1867; 
married (second) Frank G. Spencer, Septem- 
ber 20, 1876; children: Gertrude, Lawton, 
Frank G. (2). 2. George Franklin (2), born 
August 15, 1848; married Ruby A. Balkem, 
November 22, 1871 ; children : Frank E., Ken- 
neth E., Ethel. 3. Thomas Earl, born March 
18, 1853; married (first) November 26, 1879, 
Elizabeth Franklin, born January 26, 1853, 
died May 21, 1883, and left a child Eliza- 
beth; married (second) April 25, 1887, Jose- 
phine Evans ; children : Earl E., born Au- 
gust 29, 1889; Vivian, January 31, 1894; Ken- 
neth \^an Zandt, October 12, 1900. Children 
•of second wife, Marah A. Doane. 4. William 
M., born November 12, 1859, ^^o^^ of the 
Lake Erie Nail & Supply Company, Cleve- 
land, Ohio; married, September 22, 1886, Mil- 
lie Woodward ; no children. 5. Edward Park- 
er, see forward. 6. Mary Elizabeth, married, 
September 21, 1892, Charles D. Wiswall, of 
Watervliet, New York, veternarian dentist ; 
children : Charles L., Frank L. 7. Eva Flor- 
ence, born March 16, 1869, died in infancy. 
(VHI) Edward Parker, youngest son of 
George Franklin and Marah A. (JMarsh- 
Doane) Lawton, was born in Pawtucket, 
Rhode Island, November 25, 1863. He was 
•six years of age when his father removed to 
Troy, New York, where he was educated in 
the public schools of that city, and of Green 
Island. He began his business career as cash- 
ier in the shoe store of C. E. Shaffer, of 
Troy, where he remained three years. For 
:a short time he was bookkeeper for a Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island firm, then returned to 
Troy where he was assistant to the postmaster 
.at Green Island. He next engaged with Neher 
& Calder, later Neher & Carpenter, insurance 
and bankers, as bookkeeper and cashier. De- 
cember 15, 1886, he entered the employ of the 
Troy Savings Bank, where he now (1910) oc- 
cupies the position of receiving teller. He is 
a member of the Baptist church and a Re- 
publican. He is a member of the Masonic 
order, belonging to Lodge, Chapter, Com- 
mandery and Shrine. He is a member of the 
Sons of the Revolution, through the patriotic 



services of his great-grandfather, Major Wil- 
liam Lawton, of Rhode Island. He married, 
October 11, 1893, Sarah W. May, of Troy, 
daughter of George and Amelia Eaton (Cha- 
pin) May; children: i. Edward Parker (2), 
born July 22, 1894; graduate of Troy high 
school, class of 191 1. 2. Katherine May, born 
September 24, 1899, died June 8, 1905. 3. 
Allan, born January 22, 1907. 

(The Chapin Line). 
Mrs. Amelia Eaton (Chapin) May, mother 
of Mrs. Sarah W. (May) Lawton, is a lineal 
descendant in the seventh generation of Dea- 
con Samuel Chapin, who took the freeman's 
oath in Boston, June 2, 1640. He is believed 
to be the progenitor of all the Chapins of 
early ancestry in New England. Tradition 
and evidence would indicate that he was of 
Welsh parentage. He removed with his fam- 
ily to Springfield, ]\Iassachusetts, in 1642. He 
was a magistrate and much employed in the 
public business. He was a deacon of the 
Springfield church and of highest repute. He 
married Cisely ; eight children. 

(II) Henry, son of Deacon Samuel and 
Cisely Chapin, died August 15, 1718. He was 
a seafaring man and made several voyages 
between London and Boston in command of 
a merchant ship. He was a prominent man 
of Springfield, and a deputy. He married, 
December 5, 1664, Bethia Cooley; five chil- 
dren. 

(III) Henry (2), son of Captain Henry 
(i) Chapin, was born March 19, 1679, died 
September 15, 1754. He married (first) Feb- 
ruary 19, 1702, Mary Gurnsey, of Milford, 
Massachusetts ; four children. He married 
(second) May 10, 1716, Esther Bliss; seven 
children. 

(IV) William, son of Henry (2) and Es- 
ther (BHss) Chapin, was born April 19, 1729, 
died November 10, 1777. He married, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1754, Martha, daughter of Japhet 
and Thankful Chapin, died May 10, 1775; 
eight children. 

"(V) Japhet, son of William and Martha 
(Chapin) Chapin, was born August 8, 1760, 
died October 6, 1822. He was a lumber man- 
ufacturer and dealer, also a farmer of Chico- 
pee Centre, Massachusetts. He married Lo- 
vinia Wright, of Wilbraham ; ten children. 

(VI) Whitfield, son of Japhet and Lovinia 
(Wright) Chapin, was born May 4, 1787, died 
May II, 1833. He was a lumber dealer and 
inspector of Springfield, Massachusetts. He 
married (first) November 31, 1809, Luna 
Chapin; (second) Melia Chapin, daughter of 
Colonel Silas Chapin. Mrs. Luna Chapin died 
March 6, 1819, leaving three children : Frances 



6io 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Julia, George Whitfield and Samuel Lyman. 
Mrs. Melia Chapin died May 5, 1849, ^i^d 
fifty-four years ; children : Elizabeth Luna, 
born July '3, 1823; Charles Otis, April 19, 
1825; Henry Sheldon, March 12, 1828; Sarah 
Jane, twin of Henry Sheldon; Amelia Eaton, 
see forward. 

(VH) Amelia Eaton, daughter of Whit- 
field and Melia (Chapin) Chapin, was born 
September 6, 1830, died September 9, 1883. 
She married, George May, born in Cleveland, 
Ohio, where they resided after marriage. 

(Vni) Sarah W., daughter of George and 
Amelia Eaton (Chapin) May, married, Octo- 
ber II 1893, Edward Parker Lawton (see 
Lawton VHI). 

(The May Line). 
George May is a lineal descendant of John 
May, immigrant ancestor, who settled in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts, 1640. He was a member 
of Rev. Elliot's church. His first wife is 
not recorded; he married (second) Sarah 



(VIH) George, son of Thomas Payne and 
Jeanette (Judd) May, was born in Cleveland,. 
Ohio, November 22, 1828; died February 4, 
1871. He married Amelia Eaton Chapin, 
and had a daughter, Sarah W. May, married 
Edward Parker Lawton (see Lawton VHI). 



(II) John, son of George May, was born 
in England, 1631, died September 11, 1671. 
He married, November 9, 1656, Mrs. Sarah 
(Brewer) Bruce, daughter of Daniel and Jo- 
anna Brewer; eight children. 

(III) John (2), son of John (i) and Sa- 
rah (Brewer-Bruce) May, was born May 19, 
1663, died February 24, 1730. He married 
Prudence Bridges, born January 11, 1664, died 
September 26, 1723; eleven children. 

(IV) Eleazer, son of John (2) and Pru- 
dence (Bridges) May, born July 9, 1705, died 
February 19, 1783; removed to Pomfret. He 
inherited property from his father. He mar- 
ried (first) Dorothy Davis, born November 
24, 1710, died April 12, 1750; married (sec- 
ond) Abigail Sumner; eight children. 

(V) William, son of Eleazer and Dorothy 
(Davis) May, was born October 21, 1740. He 
removed to Monson, Massachusetts, thence to 
Cherry Valley, Otsego county. New York. He 
had four children. 

(VI) Luke, son of William May, was a res- 
ident of Cherry Valley, New York. He often 
told his sons that he was in the war of the 
revolution, but he must have been very young 
to have done aught but a boy's work in the 
latter years of the war. He married Lucy 
Kimball ; ten children. 

(VII) Thomas Payne, son of Luke and 
Lucy (Kimball) May, born 1783, died 1847, 
was a trader in Cherry Valley, New York, his 
birthplace. Later he was in business in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. He married Jeannette Judd, born 
in Cincinnati, 1793, died December 19, 1870; 
children : William J., Kate and George. 



The family of Kimball is from 
KIMBALL the county of Cumberland, 
England, and takes its origin 
from a parish of that name upon the Scottish 
border. Arms: Argent (Silver) a lion ram- 
pant, gules (Red) upon a chief (Sable) three 
crescents of gold. Crest : A lion rampant 
holding in the dexter paw a dagger au proper. 
Motto : "Fortis non ferox." 

The immigrant ancestor of the Kimballs in 
the United States, claiming early colonial de- 
scent, was Richard Kimball, who with his fam- 
ily embarked at Ipswich, Suffolk, England, 
April 10, 1634, in the ship "Elizabeth," Cap- 
tain William Andrews. His age as given on 
the ship's list of passengers was thirty-nine 
years, but he was probably older. On the 
same ship came Henry Kemball (as this branch 
spelled the name) said by Bond to have been 
a brother of Richard, but there seems little 
to support that claim. Richard Kimball set- 
tled first at Watertown, Massachusetts. He 
was made a freeman, May 6, 1635, and was 
a landed proprietor, 1637. He was by trade 
a wheelwright and the neighboring town of 
Ipswich being in need of a wright, they invited 
him to settle there, which he did. The town 
granted him a house lot, forty acres of land, 
and in 1639 right to pasture "two cows free." 
He had the right to "fell such white oaks as 
he hath occasion to use about his trade for 
the town use." In 1660 he was granted right 
"to fell twenty white oak trees to make weels 
for the tow-nsmen their use." In 1664 he 
owned forty-three shares in Plumb Island. He 
died June 22, 1675, having previously made 
his will and set his earthly affairs in order. 
He was then over eighty years of age. He 
married (first) Ursula, daughter of Henry 
Scott, of Rattlesden Parish, Suffolk county, 
England. He married (second) October 23, 
1 661, Margaret M., daughter of Henry Dow, 
of Hampton, New Hampshire. Richard Kim- 
ball left an estate inventoried at seven hun- 
dred and thirty-seven pounds, which was a 
large sum in those days. He had previously 
given to his children at their marriages. He 
had eleven children, all by first wife. The first 
eight were born in Rattlesden Parish, Suffolk 
county, England, the ninth at Watertown, 
Massachusetts, the last two at Ipswich, i. 
yVbigail, died June 17, 1658; married, in Eng- 
land, John Sevcrans ; she died in Salisbury, 



HUDSON AND AlOHAWK VALLEYS 



6ir 



Massachusetts, mother of twelve children. 2. 
Henry, married, about 1640, Mary, daughter 
of John and Mary Wyatt, a passenger on the 
"Elizabeth" with him in 1634; married (sec- 
ond) Elizabeth (Gilbert) Rayner, a widow; 
Henry was a resident of Watertown, Ipswich, 
and Wenham, Massachusetts ; thirteen chil- 
dren. 3. Elizabeth, born 1621 ; living in 1675. 
4. Richard (2), see forward. 5. Mary, born 
1625 : married Robert Dutch, of Gloucester 
and Ipswich, Massachusetts ; six children. 6. 
Martha, married Joseph Fowler, born in Eng- 
land, 1642 ; killed by the Indians, May 19, 
1676, near Deerfield, Massachusetts ; four chil- 
dren. 7. John, born 1631, died May 6, 1698; 
was a wheelwright and an extensive farm- 
er, about 1655 married Mary Bradstreet, born 
in England, 1633 ; they came to America on 
the same ship in 1634; thirteen children. 8. 
Thomas, born 1633, died May 2, 1676; was 
a mechanic and thrifty farmer, owning over 
four hundred acres of land and a large amount 
of personal property ; on the night of May 2, 
1676, at his home in Rowley, on the Boxford 
road, he was killed by three Indians, his wife 
and five children taken captive and carried 
forty miles into the wilderness where they 
were kept forty-one days when they were 
freed ; married Mary, daughter of Thomas and 
Joanna Smith ; nine children. 9. Sarah, born 
163s, died June 12. 1690; married, November 
24, 1658, Edward Allen, of Ipswich. 

(II) Richard (2), second son of Richard 
(i) and Ursula (Scott) Kimball, was born 
in Rattlesden, Suffolk county, England, 1623, 
died in Wenham, Massachusetts, May 26, 
1676. He was brought to America by his par- 
ents on the ship "Elizabeth" 1634. He was 
of Topsfield, Massachusetts, in 1664. He is 
styled a wheelwright and yeoman. He re- 
moved to Wenham, between the years 1652 
and 1656, being the first Kimball to settle in 
that town. He was a large land owner and 
prominent in the town. He was twice mar- 
ried, both wives bearing the given name Mary. 
The second wife was Mary Gott. Children: i. 
John (called Corporal), born in Ipswich, about 

1650, died 1721 ; married (first) Sarah , 

(second) Hannah Benton, who lived to the 
great age of one hundred years ; seven chil- 
dren. 2. Samuel, see forward. 3. Thomas, 
born November 12, 1657, died October 16, 
1732; married Elizabeth Potter; eight chil- 
dren. 4. Deacon Ephraim, born February 
18, 1660, in Wenham, died January 16, 1731- 
32 ; married Mary, daughter of Deacon James 
Friend ; nine children. 5. Caleb, born April 
9, 1665, died January 25, 1726; was a yeo- 
man and a mason by trade ; married Sarah 
; nine children. 6. Christopher, was 



married by Cotton Mather to Sarah Jolts, of 
Boston; two children. 7. Richard, died in 

infancy. 8. . . 9. Nathaniel, born 

1676, died September 7, 1735. 

(Ill) Ensign Samuel, second son of Rich- 
ard (2) and Mary Kimball, was born about 
1 65 1, died October 3, 171 6. He was ensign 
of the Wenham militia ; surveyor in 1676 ; con- 
stable, 1677; selectman, 1682. He married, 
September 20, 1676, Mary, daughter of John^ 
and Sarah Witt, of Lynn, Massachusetts. 
Children, all born in Wenham, Massachusetts: 

1. Samuel, born August 19, 1677, "^i^d Jan- 
uary 20, 1745; married (first) Elizabeth Fow- 
ler; (second) Abigail Foster; (third) Joanna 
(Burnham) Dodge, a widow; seven children. 

2. Sarah, born September 6, 1678; married 
John Herrick, of Beverly, Massachusetts. 3. 
Martha, died in infancy. 4. Mary, born 1682; 
married Elisha Dodge. 5. Richard, born 1683, 
died in Boston, August i, 1713; married 
Anne Quarles; two children. 6. Jonathan, 
born 1686, died February 19, 1758; was cap- 
tain of the militia company ; deacon of the 
Wenham Church; town clerk, 1751-52; mar- 
ried Hannah Hopkins ; six children. 7. John 
born November 13, 1687, died in Medford, 
Massachusetts, 1754; married Charity Dodge; 
six children. 8. Ebenezer, see forward. 9. 
Martha, born 1692; married John Gott. 10. 
Thomas, born February 22, i6g6, died in Exe- 
ter, New Hampshire ; married Elizabeth 
Brown, eight children. 11. Benjamin, died in 
childhood. 

(IV) Ebenezer, eighth child of Ensign Sam- 
uel and Mary (Witt) Kimball, was born in 
Wenham, Massachusetts, 1690, died 1769. He 
lived in Wenham and Beverly, Massachusetts, 
and in 1740 moved to Hopkinton, where 
he died. He was a yeoman and mason. He 
married, June 9, 1712, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard Carr, of Salisbury, Massachusetts. 
Children: i. Elizabeth, born March 19, 1713. 
2. Mary. 3. Dorothy. 4. Ebenezer, born June 
22, 1720; married Mary Shattuck, seven chil- 
dren. 5. Richard, see forward. 6. Abigail, 
born April 13, 1726. 7. Sarah, born April 
16, 1728. 8. Anna, born July 11, 1729; mar- 
ried James Hiscock. 9. Boyce, born June 18, 
1731 ; married Rebecca Howard; twelve chil- 
dren. 

(V) Richard (3), second son of Ebenezer 
and Elizabeth (Carr) Kimball, was born in 
Wenham, Massachusetts, December 20, 1722, 
died in Newton, Massachusetts, March 2, 
1803. He went with his father to Hopkinton 
where he lived until 1764, when he removed 
to Natick and later to Newton, Massachusetts. 

He married Sarah . Children: i. Sarah, 

born June 14, 1756; married Abijah Stratton, 



6l2 



HUDSON AND MOHA^^'K VALLEYS 



of Natick. 2. Abigail, married 



War- 



ner. 3. Mary, married Nathaniel Battle. 4. 
Elizabeth, married Asa Adams. 5. John, died 
in boyhood. 6. Thomas, born June 6, 1767, 
died 1816; married Hannah Fuller; nine chil- 
dren. 7. Libella, died young. 8. Richard, 
born April 17, 1773. died in New Hampshire, 
NovemlDer 13, 1845 ■ ^^^ "'^^ ^ licensed Metho- 
dist preacher ; married Lydia Mclntyre ; 
twelve children. 9. Ebenezer, born 1775, died 
August 19, 1835 ; married (first) Lydia Green- 
wood ; (second) Fanny Rice; eleven children. 
10. John, born September 12, 1778, died No- 
vember 16, 1821 ; married Hepzibah Plagg; 
two children. 11. Edmund, see forward. 

(\T) Edmund, sixth son of Richard (3) 
and Sarah Kimball, was born in Natick, Mas- 
sachusetts, August 15, 1780. He spent the 
patrimony received from his father and dis- 
appeared, leaving his wife with a large family 
of young children to rear and educate. This 
she did nobh'. They all grew to men and 
women of good reliable character and filled 
creditable positions in life. He married Bet- 
sey Hammond, born in Newton, Massachu- 
setts, September 9, 1782, died in Natick, Mas- 
sachusetts, June 24, 1872. Children: i. Ed- 
mund, see forward. 2. Eliza, born November 
27, 1804, died January 3, 1893; married 
Charles Loker. 3. Mary Hammond, born 
January 2, 1807, died December 27, 1889; 
married Joseph Moulton. 4. Richard, born 
February 3, 1809, died July i, 1884; mar- 
ried, October 20, 1832, Elizabeth Goodnow ; 
one child, Joanna E. 5. William Hammond, 
born in Newton, Massachusetts, March 6, 
1812, died in Natick, November 6, 1892 ; mar- 
ried (first) Lydia Davis; (second) Mary, sis- 
ter of his first wife ; seven children. 6. Keziah 
Trull, born March 20, 1815; married, May 7, 
1840, Jesse Parmenter; two children, Eliza- 
beth Augusta and Jesse William. 7. Sally 
Hayden, born January 20, 1819, died October 
23, 1873 ; married John Stone. 8. Ann Maria 
H., born April 13, 1822, died February 2, 
1871 ; married Joseph Alexander. 9. Thomas, 
Peach, born July 23, 1825, died at age of ten 
years. 

(VII) Edmund (2), eldest child of Edmund 
(i) and Betsey (Hammond) Kimball, was 
born in Newton, Massachusetts, June 29, 1803, 
died in Wayland, Massachusetts, January 25, 
1890. He lived and farmed in Needham and 
Natick, Massachusetts, for twenty-two years. 
He then removed to New York, where he 
lived in Albany and Troy, about thirty-five 
years, engaged in hotel keeping. He then re- 
turned to .Massachusetts, settled in Cochituate, 
town of Farmingham, where he was engaged 
as a shoe manufacturer. He married, Septem- 



ber 4, 1827 Betsey Maria, born April 27, 1803, 
died in Wayland, Massachusetts, February 19, 

1867, daughter of Azriel Warner, of Cochi- 
tuate. Children: i. James Edward, see for- 
ward. 2. Elizabeth, born December 5, 1829; 
married. October 20, 1847, William Baxter, 
born in Whippany, New York, November 22, 
1822, died in Jersey City, New Jersey. Oc- 
tober 27, 1884; children: Jennie, born Troy, 
New York, August 22, 1848; William (2), 
born ]\Iarch 8, 1851 ; 3. Sarah A., born May 
4, 1832. 

(VIII) James Edward, only son of Edmund 
(2) and Betsey Maria (Warner) Kimball, was 
born in Albany, New York, May 5, 1828, died 
in Troy, December 28, 1896. He was educa- 
ted in the public schools and IMadison, now 
Colgate University, Hamilton, New York. He 
began business life as a clerk in the firm of 
Bates & Griffin, where he remained until 1858. 
In that year he formed a partnership with J. 
M. Bradley, and as Kimball & Bradley suc- 
cessfully engaged in the wholesale flour, feed 
and grain trade at Troy. In 1868 John P. 
Wright was admitted to the firm, the firm 
name changing to James E. Kimball & Com- 
pany. Mr. Wright retired in 1876, and the 
business was continued by James E. Kimball 
and his son, Charles P., under the firm name 
of James E. Kimball & Son. James E. Kim- 
ball was one of the organizers and a director 
of the National Bank of Troy, and a man held 
in the highest regard in business and social 
circles. He was a Republican in his latter 
years, formerly a Whig. He was a large- 
hearted charitable man, and did a great deal 
of good with his wealth. Among his bequests 
was a scholarship to Colgate University, his 
alma mater. Pie married, September 27, 1850, 
Susan Frances, born December 29, 1804, died 
February 15, 1(501, daughter of Ale.xander and 
Rebecca (Bliss) Wheeler, of Troy, New York. 
Children: i. Charles Price, see forward. 2. 
Mary Frances, born September 11, 1853, died 
young. 3. Lizzie, born November 27, 1859, 
in Troy; married, April 23, 1878, F. A. Rey- 
nolds, a loom manufacturer of Stockport, Co- 
lumbia county. New York ; children : James 
A., Alice Harrington, Charles Kimball. 4. Ed- 
mund, born August 29, 1861, died in Bruns- 
wick, New York, August 25, 1894. 

(IX) Charles Price, eldest son of James 
Edward and Susan Frances (Wheeler) Kim- 
ball, was born in Troy, July 16, 1851. He 
was educated in the public schools of Troy, 
graduating from the high school of Troy in 

1868. He was taken into the business house 
of his father on finishing his studies, and in 
1875 was admitted to a partnership. After 
the death of his father, he became sole owner. 




^OyT-trCc^u^ C/cM'^ O'cLyC^&f^Ot'^pA. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



613 



but continued the business as Kimball & Son. 
This business was originally started in Troy by 
Russell Sage, the noted New York banker, 
as the junior partner of Bates, Griffin & Sage, 
who were succeeded by Kimball & Bradley. 
Charles P. Kimball continued sole owner and 
manager, largely extended his lines of opera- 
tion, establishing branches in other cities and 
towns, until February i, 1906, when the "Kim- 
ball Flour Company" was incorporated and 
his responsibilities divided among the officers 
of the corporation. He was chosen treasurer 
and general manager of the company, which 
position he amply fills. The company con- 
tinues its unvarying successful career and 
transacts a business of great magnitude in 
grain products. Mr. Kimball is also presi- 
dent of the Troy Knitting Company ; treasurer 
of the Trojan Laundry Company; director m 
The Indian Hill Hydraulic Mining Company. 
He is a member of Trojan Lodge, No. 141, 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Has 
been a member of volunteer fire department 
since 1871, when he joined Trojan Hook & 
Ladder Company. He is a Republican, but 
is not active in politics. He married, Oc- 
tober 6, 1875, Matilda Tracy, daughter of 
Richard and Olive Edson (Richards) Ever- 
ingham, of Troy. Richard Everingham was 
born in England, July 2, 1826, and is yet 
(1910) a resident of Troy. He married Olive 
Edson Richards, June 28, 1849, and had three 
daughters, i. Matilda Tracy, married Charles 
Price Kimball. 2. Anna Frances, married, Oc- 
tober 8, 1887, Daniel R. McChesney. 3. Emma 
Kate, married, September 5, 1882, William 
Clark Geer. Olive Edson (Richards) Ever- 
ingham was daughter of Thomas and Chris- 
tiana (Fonda) Richards, born at Troy, New 
York, died at Troy. Christiana Fonda was 
a Van Schaick, a descendant of Captain Goos- 
en Van Schaick. Children of Charles Price 
and Matilda Tracy (Everingham) Kimball, 
all born in Troy, New York: i. Jessamine, 
born November 17, 1878; preparatory educa- 
tion received in the Troy schools, entered 
Smith College where she was graduated, class 
of 1901, with highest honors, and became 
member of the fraternal society. Alpha, of 
Smith College; she married Edward Elliott 
Draper, of Troy; have one son, Richard El- 
liott. 2. Richard Everingham, born in Troy, 
February 6, 1883, died young. 3. James 
Edward, born in Troy, July 30, 1884; his 
early education was obtained at Troy Aca- 
demy; he prepared for college at St. Paul's 
School, Garden City, Long Island; entered 
Union College, class of 1908; is now (1910) 
secretary and assistant manager of the Kim- 
tall Flour Company ; unmarried. 



This is one of 
VAN VALKENBURGH the old Dutch 

families of 
New Amsterdam and the Valley of the Hud- 
son that laid the foundations for the present 
prosperity of that section and reared families 
whose descendants are the leading citizens of 
the cities and towns founded by their rugged 
pioneer ancestors. Lambert and Annatjie Van 
Valkenburgh in 1645 bought a house and 
twenty-five "Morgens" of land in New Am- 
sterdam (Manhattan). In 1654 he was of Be- 
verwyck (Albany). He died prior to 1697. 
His widow died September 17, 1704. His 
heirs owned a house and lot in "ye Vodder- 
mark" (now the west corner of Green and 
Beaver streets, Albany). He had sons: Jo- 
cliem, baptized in New Amsterdam in 1646. 
Lambert, baptized July 2, 1652. 

(II) Jochem, son of Lambert and Annatjie 
Van Valkenburgh, settled in Kinderhook, Co- 
lumbia county. New York, where his descend- 
ants may yet be found. He married (first) 
Eva Hendrickse Vrooman, who died 1706; 
(second) Jannetje Van Alsteyn and had nine 
children. 

(III) Hendrick, son of Jochem Van Val- 
kenburgh and his first wife, married Anna 
Huvck. He was a member of the Dutch 
Church at Kinderhook, New York. 

(IV) Jochem (2), son of Hendrick and 
Anna (Huyck) Van Valkenburgh, married 
and liad issue. 

(V) Lawrence, son of Jochem (2) Van 
Valkenburgh, was born in Kinderhook, New 
York. After his marriage he removed to St. 
Armand, Canada, where he died. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Krans ; children : Hannah, born 
at Kinderhook, buried at St. Armand, Can- 
ada; Peter, born at Kinderhook, buried there; 
Henry, born at Kinderhook, buried there; 
Peter, born at St. Armand, buried in Canada; 
John L., see forward ; Rosannah, buried at St. 
Armand, Canada; Lydia, buried at Green- 
bush, now Rensselaer ; Henry, buried in Kan- 
sas; Francis, buried in Poughkeepsie ; Ehza, 
buried in St. Armand, Canada; the last five 
named were born in St. Armand, Canada. 

(VI) John L., son of Lawrence and Eliza- 
beth (Krans) Van Valkenburgh, was born 
January 5, 1803, in St. Armand, Canada, 
where his parents had recently removed. He 
received his education in that country, but 
about the time of attaining his majority re- 
turned to Columbia county, the home of so 
many of his kindred. The Van Valkenburghs 
and the Van Derpoels married and intermar- 
ried until in many instances double cousins 
were to be found in and around Kinderhook. 
He began his business fife in Hudson, was 



6i4 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



also for a time of Utica and Catskill, New 
York, and finally settled in Albany, where he 
was in partnership with Auger Wills. They 
had a factory and manufactured patent leather. 
Their factory was located on what is now the 
north side of Washington Park. Soon after 
he dissolved the partnership and purchased 
the tannery at Greenbush (now Rensselaer) 
where he throve and prospered for forty years. 
In connection with the tannery he had with 
partners, Frost and Ruyter, a store at 17-18 
Hudson street, Albany, for the sale of leather 
and findings. This business was destroyed in 
the great fire in Albany which burned over an 
acre of buildings extending from Westerloo 
street to the rear of their store on Hudson 
street. Much of their stock was saved by re- 
moving it across the river and storing it on 
the grounds surrounding his Greenbush home- 
stead. In 1870 he retired from active business 
life and devoted himself to building and im- 
proving his farm, at that time consisting of 
one hundred and forty-five acres, but after- 
ward enlarged to two hundred acres, situated 
at Castleton Heights, town of Schoodic. The 
loss of his son, Lawrence Hubbell, who died 
at the age of twenty-nine years, and of his 
daughter, Mrs. Anna E. Godley, who died 
within eight months of each other, seriously 
affected his health, and in the spring of 1873 
he suffered a stroke of paralysis, from which 
he rallied and enjoyed fairly good health for 
the following eight years, when another attack 
left him a cripple for the remaining three 
years of his life. He died May 4, 1884, leav- 
ing a record of undisputed integrity, of an 
industrious and successful business life, and 
of good citizenship. He was one of the found- 
ers of the Church of the Messiah and always 
a helpful member. The church was founded 
in 1853, and for several years was a mission 
of Old Trinity Church, New York City. He 
was for many years a warden as well as a 
faithful, generous supporter. The founders 
were Dr. Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, John L. 
\'an Valkenburgh and Benjamin B. Kirtland. 
He was a strong Democrat and an influential 
politician. He held many of the offices of 
the village of Greenbush, among them super- 
visor, school commissioner and loan commis- 
sioner under John C. Mathers. In connection 
with his long business, political and religious 
career, he had made a wide circle of acquaint- 
ances and friends, and was perhaps more 
widely known personally than any man in the 
community. When he first came to Green- 
bush the only way of crossing the Hudson 
from Albany was the horse ferry, and a row 
boat owned by "Captain Josie," whose familiar 
cry of "over" could be heard from shore to 



shore, and was a source of amusement to the 
early settlers. Mr. Van Valkenburgh lived to 
see and watch the building of the "Lower 
Bridge" directly in front of his house, and 
when that magnificent structure was completed 
with the street cars crossing it, he attended the 
formal opening, and the retrospective view, 
with the thought that the old order was pass- 
ing, visibly affected him. 

He married, in 1831, Caroline Hubbell, born 
in Hudson, August 24, 1813, daughter of Lu- 
ther Hubbell, of revolutionary stock. She 
died November 8, 1909, in her ninety- seventh 
year. She was a direct descendant of Gover- 
nor Slade, of Connecticut, who was governor 
during the revolution. She was a perfect type 
of the lady of the colonial days, dignified, re- 
tiring, yet with a motherly affectionate dis- 
position that won all hearts. She was most 
charitable, giving much money and property 
to the Church of the Messiah, of which she 
was a member for over half a century. She 
always led an active life, retained all her fac- 
ulties to the very last, and but for an unfortu- 
nate fall that shortened her days would no 
doubt have reached the century mark. She 
was always a great reader, although her sight 
had failed during the last year of her life, 
which prevented her regular reading habits. 
During her last four weeks' illness, she never 
murmured or complained. She was able to be 
up and around the house previous to her ac- 
cident and looked forward from year to year 
to her birthdays. She was a most remarkable 
woman. In 1881 Mr. and Mrs. Van Valken- 
burgh celebrated their golden wedding, the 
husband surviving until three years later. 
Children of John L. and Caroline (Hubbell) 
Van Valkenburgh: i. Anna E., died July 10^ 
1872; married Richard Godley, died July 20, 
1872. They left children. John L., died No- 
vember 1907; Caroline P., unmarried, and 
Harry Edward, died April 13, 1909. 2. Law- 
rence ; died at the age of seven years and eight 
months. 3. Harriet, see forward. 4. Law- 
rence Hubbell died March, 1873. He married 
Florence Van De Water, and had a daugh- 
ter, Amelia Anna, who married Richard An- 
thony, of New York, and had a son, Richard 
Allard. 

(VII) Harriet, only surviving child of John 
L. and Caroline (Hubbell) Van Valkenburgh,. 
was educated at the Albany Female Academy. 
A memento of her school days is a set of 
Mrs. Heman's poetical works, earned for ex- 
cellence in English composition. For twenty- 
five years she was her father's valued assistant 
and sole business manager, during his long pe- 
riod of incapacity from ill health, and to her 
aged mother she was not only a devoted 




X: 



a^-l^ce^i^ 



^7a^ dyk^-^^^-^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



615 



daughter, but her confidential friend and ad- 
viser. Her life has been spent in the service 
of others. Five old people have been the ob- 
ject of her loving care. She is a lifelong mem- 
ber of the Church of the Messiah, and has 
always been an active worker in the Sunday 
school and choir. The rectory building was 
her gift to the parish, given in memory of 
her father and aunt, so was the ground for the 
parish house. She is the capable administratix 
of the Van Valkenburgh estate and resides 
at the old homestead in Rensselaer. 



This name, sometimes written 
PLATT with one t and sometimes with 
an additional e, means : "An 
open, level piece of land." The family name is 
frequently found in England. In the records 
of the Heraldry office in London it is called 
"the ancient and honorable family of Piatt." 
The first ancestor of the greater part of those 
who bear the name in the United States was 
Richard Piatt, who came from the middle of 
England. He came to America in 1638 and 
settled at New Haven, Connecticut, but in 1639 
threw in his lot with the seventy-six who 
formed themselves into a church organization, 
August 22 of that year, and founded the town 
of Milford, nine miles west of New Haven. 
He was chosen a deacon of the church in 1669. 
He is on the list of free planters, owned much 
land, and was a man of consequence. He died 
in 1684. His estate inventoried six hundred 
pounds sterling. His wife Mary is recorded 
as dying January, 1676. He left one of his 
heirs a legacy "towards bringing up his son 
to be a scholar." He was married in Eng- 
land, and is first recorded in Milford, Novem- 
ber 20, 1639, as having "four in family." He 
probably brought four children from England 
with him: Mary, John, Isaac and Sarah, for 
the first baptismal record is of Epenetus, bap- 
tized July 12, 1640. Subsequently were bap- 
tized, Hannah, October i, 1643; Josiah, 1645; 
Joseph, 1649. John settled in Norwalk, Con- 
necticut; Isaac and Epenetus at Huntington, 
Long Island ; Josiah and Joseph remained at 
Milford, the first home of the family. Mary 
married (first) Luke Atkinson; (second) 
Thomas Wetmore; Sarah married (first) 
Thomas Beach; (second) Miles Merwin ; 
Hannah married and resided in Norwalk. It 
is from Richard and Mary Piatt that the Platts 
of Scranton, Pennsylvania, and Waterford, 
New York, descend, but the connecting links 
have not yet been found. Frederick, who fol- 
lows, is of the third generation in America, 
but will be treated as the first of the line that 
follows. 

(I) Frederick Piatt, who is the head of the 



Saybrook branch of the Piatt family, and the 
first ancestor of the Waterford family that 
can be named with certainty, is believed to 
have settled at Killingworth, Connecticut, 
about 1690. There are no very early records. 

He married Fox, of New London, 

Connecticut. Children: i. Samuel, settled in 
Putchaug, now Westbrook, Connecticut. 2. 
Ebenezer, settled in the same locality ; -married 
Dorothy Post. 3. Obadiah, see forward. 
4. Mary, married Samuel Stevens, of Killing- 
worth. 5. Lydia, married David Kilsey. 

(II) Obadiah, third son of Frederick and 

(Fox) Piatt, was born in 1709. He 

located in the western part of the town of Say- 
brook, called by the Indians "Pettipaug," now 
Winthrop, Connecticut. He died at the age 
of sixty-four. He married Hannah Lane, of 
Clinton, Connecticut. Children: i. Captain 
Dan, see forward. 2. Joseph, born 1740; was 
a soldier in the French and Indian war. 3. 
Noah, born 1742; married (first) Lucretia 
Chapman; (second) Mrs. H. Wright. 4. Han- 
nah, married William Hill. 5. John, born 
1746; married Lucy West; had five sons and 
seven daughters ; he lived to be ninety-one 
years of age. 6. Elizabeth, married Benjamin 
Burr; she lived to be ninety years of age. 
7. Sarah, married Isaac Post; died at age of 
seventy-eight. 8. Mary, born 1753 ; married 
Michael Spencer ; died at age of seventy-eight. 
9. Lydia, born 1756; married Josiah Post; 
died at age of eighty. 

(III) Captain Dan, son of Obadiah and 
Hannah (Lane) Piatt, was born in 1735. He 
served in the revolutionary army, where he 
gained his rank. He married, January 12, 
1763, Jemima Pratt, and died aged eighty- 
eight years. Children: i. Dan, see forward. 
2. Jemima, died at age of twenty years. 3. 
Hannah, born 1769; married John Lane. 
4. Joseph, died young. 5. David, born 1777; 
married Lydia Wilcox. 6. Sarah, born 1781 ; 
married (first) George Havens; (second) 
Bela Stannard. 7. Lucretia, born 1785; mar- 
ried Gaylord Coan. 

(IV) Deacon Dan (2), son of Captain Dan 
(i) and Jemima (Pratt) Piatt, was born in 
Madison, Connecticut, June 21, 1764, died 
aged over seventy-eight years. He married 
(first) Catherine Lane, December 20, 1787; 
(second) Mrs. Cynthia Evarts, of Madison. 
Children: i. Joseph, see forward. 2. Jemima, 
married Jonathan Scranton. 3. Hezekiah 
Lane, married Sarah Mills. 4. Dr. Dan, born 
1795; married (first) Abby Lathrop; he mar- 
ried twice afterwards, and located at Key 
West, Florida. 5. Catherine Lane, born 1797; 
married (first) John Buckingham; (second) 
Gilbert Gaylord. 6. Austin, bom 1799; mar- 



6i6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



ried Eliza Henchman. 7. Abigail, married 
Jeremiah Russell. 8. Ezra, died in New York, 
aged twenty-five years. 9. Eunice, born 1805, 
unmarried. 10. Harriet, died in New York. 
aged twenty-three years. 

(V) Joseph, son of Deacon Dan (2) and 
Catherine (Lane) Piatt, was born in Madison, 
Connecticut, in 1789. He studied law and was 
an associate in legal practice with the father 
of Chief Justice Waite. He married Lydia 
Pratt. Children: i. Joseph Curtis, see for- 
ward. 2. William Henry, married Emily Ma- 
bel Hopkins, of Naugatuck, Connecticut ; chil- 
dren: i. George Hopkins, married Frances 
Elowell ; ii. Amelia Lydia, died young ; 
iii. William Henry, married Ida F. Drury ; 
iv. Emily M., married Dr. L. C. Millspaugh; 
V. Catherine S., married Albert E. Jenkins. 

(VI) Joseph Curtis, son of Joseph and 
Lydia (Pratt) Piatt, was born in Saybrook, 
Connecticut, September 17, 1816, died in 
Scranton, Pennsylvania, November 15, 1887. 
He was a merchant of Fairhaven, Connecticut, 
but later a manufacturer of iron. In 1846 
lie removed to Scranton and became one of 
the members of Scranton and Piatt, iron 
manufacturers, a firm which finally grew into 
the great Lackawanna Iron & Coal Company. 
They were among the very first to use coal 
in this country for smelting purposes. The 
enterprise and success of the company re- 
sulted in the building up of the city of Scran- 
ton. Mr. Piatt married, April 2, 1844, Cath- 
erine Serena Scranton, died in Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, July 4, 1887, daughter of Jona- 
than Scranton, of Madison, Connecticut. The 
earlier Scrantons had settled in Pennsylvania 
and the city of Scranton was named in honor 
of the family, who were potent factors in its 
foundation and development. Mr. Piatt was 
public-spirited and influential. His "Remi- 
niscences of the Earlier History of Scranton," 
an address delivered before the Lackawanna 
Institute of History and Science was a valu- 
able narrative of enterprise and venture, show- 
ing how the foundations of the city's pros- 
perity were laid. He was instrumental in 
giving the city its present name, Scranton. 
Children: i. Joseph Curtis, see forward. 2. 
Ella Jemima. 3. Frank Elbert, of Scranton; 
married Elizabeth Augusta Skinner ; children : 
Joseph Curtis, Margaret S., Philip S., and 
Leonard. 

(VII) Joseph Curtis (2) son of Joseph Cur- 
tis (i) and Catherine Serena (Scranton) 
Piatt, was born at Fairhaven, Connecticut, 
January 9, 1845. He was graduated at Phil- 
lips Andover Academy, class of 1862, and at 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New 
York, in 1866, with the degree of civil engi- 



neer. Later in life he was a member of the 
board of trustees of this institution. His early 
life was spent in Scranton, where he added 
to his knowledge of civil that of mining engi- 
neering. He also was interested in iron manu- 
facture. He stood high in his profession, and 
as consulting engineer had charge of the con- 
struction of the Franklin Furnaces in New 
Jersey, then considered a very large and im- 
portant iron manufacturing plant. In 1875 he 
removed to Waterford, New York, where he j 
died July 7, 1898. He was in active business I 
in Waterford as a manufacturer for nearly " 
twenty years. He was president of the Mo- 
hawk and Hudson Manufacturing Company, 
formerly the Eddy Valve Company, and own- 
er of the Button Boiler Company. He retired 
from active business life in his last years and 
returned to his profession of civil and consult- 
ing engineer and in preparing technical essays 
for the scientific journals. He was a success- 
ful man in both his business enterprises and 
his profession. He was a man of the highest 
principle, and followed his convictions with 
outspoken candor. He was a Republican in 
political belief, although not active in party 
work. He was outspoken in his condemna- 
tion of the liquor traffic, and almost single- J 
handed fought the curse in his town. Not- I 
withstanding that, it was said that he had the 
respect of the saloon men to a greater degree 
than any man in Waterford. He was a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church and took a 
deep interest in its welfare and work. He 
was a trustee, chairman of the finance com- 
mittee and for several years superintendent 
of the Sunday school. 

He married, December 8, 1869, Katharine 
Judd Jones, of Penn Yan, New York, born 
April 28, 1847, daughter of Ebenezer Backus 
Jones, born in Troy, New York, September 
5, 1808, died May 24, 1892, and his wife, 
Lucy (Judd) Jones, born in Rhinebeck, New 
York, 1812, died September i, 1889. Mr. 
Jones was in the iron business at Penn Yan 
a successful man of high character. He was 
a son of Ebenezer Backus, of Troy, Lucy 
Judd was a daughter of Uri Judd, of Wood- 
bury, Connecticut. Children of Joseph Cur- 
tis and Katharine (Kate) Judd (Jones) Piatt: 
I. Frederick Joseph, born at Franklin Fur- 
nace, New Jersey, July 23, 1871 ; he was grad- 
uated at Cornell University with degree of 
civil engineer, class of 1892. and is a mem- 
ber of Kappa Alpha fraternity of that insti- 
tution ; he married Jessie Blair and has sons : 
Joseph Curtis, Austin Blair, Frederick. Mr. 
Piatt is an electrical and civil engineer, located 
in business at Scranton, Pennsylvania. 2. 
Llewellyn Jones, born at Franklin Furnace, 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



617 



New Jersey, July 2^, 1873, died July 15, 1876, 
in Scranton, Pennsylvania. 3. Elbert Scran- 
ton, born December 26, 1876; graduate of 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute ;• resides in 
Troy ; married Angelica Schuyler Thompson, 
and has a son, Elbert Scranton. 4. Edward 
Howard, born November 5, 1878, died in in- 
fancy. 



The earliest traces of the Mead 
MEAD family are to be found in a his- 
tory of "The Norman people and 
their existing descendants in the British Do- 
minions and the United States of America," 
published in London, England, 1874. From 
that volume, it appears that the name Mead 
is the English form of the Norman "de Po- 
ato," which, translated into the English, is 
Mead, Meade, Mede and Meads. In 1635 
there arrived in Massachusetts many ships 
from England, and among those arrivals is 
found the name of "Goodman" Mead (called 
Gabriel Mead). He is the ancestor of the 
Massachusetts branch. The most recent dis- 
coveries strongly indicate that he was accom- 
panied by his brother, William Mead, ances- 
tor of the Greenwich, Connecticut, Meads, 
from whom the family in Troy descend. 

William and "Goodman" Mead sailed from 
Lydd county, Kent, England, in the ship 
"Elizabeth" in April, 1635. The Mead coat- 
of-anns, to which it is believed they were en- 
titled, is thus described : Sable, a chevron be- 
tween three pelicans, or vuln, gules crest; an 
eagle displayed ; motto, "Semper peratus" — 
always ready. Goodman Mead remained in 
Massachusetts. William, however, followed 
the tide of emigration, which at that time was 
toward the Connecticut valley. The first Eng- 
lish settlement was made at Windsor in 1633, 
and another settlement was made about the 
same time at Wethersfield, where William 
Mead settled first, and in 1641 he removed to 
Stamford with others from Wethersfield. De- 
cember 7, 1641, "William Mayd (Mead) re- 
ceived from the town of Stamford a homelot 
and five acres of land." This William is the 
ancestor of the Fairfield county, Connecticut, 
family, although family tradition declares that 
John Mead was also one of those of eastern 
New York, western Vermont and Meadville, 
Pennsylvania. He was born about 1600. He 
married in 1625, and died in Stamford, Con- 
necticut, about 1663. There is no record of 
his wife, but there is of his three children. 
I. Joseph, see forward. 2. Martha, born 1632; 
married John Richardson, of Stamford. 3. 
John, born about 1634; married Hannah Pot- 
ter ; died February 5, 1699. 

(II) Joseph, son of William Mead, was 



born 1630, died May 3, 1690. He married 
Mary Brown, of Stamford; children: i. Zach- 
arias, died in 1703, unmarried. 2. Joseph (2), 
see forward. 3. Daniel, born 1659; married 

Hannah . 4. Elisha, born about 1661, 

died 1727; married, in 1683, and had issue. 
5. Richard, born 1664. 6. Mary. 

(III) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) and 
Mary (Brown) Mead, was born about 1657, 
died in 1714. He married Sarah Reynolds; 
children: i. Sarah, born November 3, 1695; 
married, August 14, 1718, Benjamin Steb- 
bing; eight children. 2. Joseph (3), born 
May 3, 1698. 3. Theophilus, born July 3, 
1700, died 1760; married Abigail Westcott, 
and settled in Norwalk, Connecticut ; eight 
children. 4. Jeremiah, born August 6, 1702, 
died 1742; married, 1725, Hannah St. John, 
his oldest son. Captain Thaddeus, was killed 
in the French and Indian war. 5. Zachariah, 
born March 11, 1704, died 1761 ; married, but 
left no issue. 6. Nehemiah, see forward. 7. 
Israel, born March 14, 1708; married and left 
issue. 

(IV) Nehemiah, son of Joseph (2), and 
Sarah (Reynolds) Mead, was born January 
20, 1706, died 1784. He married Mehitable 

, and settled in Norwalk, Connecticut. 

Children : Joseph, David, Zachariah, Nehe- 
miah, Deborah, Mary, Lydia and Abijah. 

(V) David, son of Nehemiah and Mehita- 
ble Mead, married Isabella Knapp and had 
issue. He resided in Westchester county, 
New York. 

(VI) David (2), son of David (i) and 
Isabella (Knapp) Mead, was born in 1762, 
died March 22, 1836. He was a soldier of the 
revolution, enlisting in the Fourth Regiment 
of the New York troops, under Colonel James 
Holmes ; also served in the Second Regiment, 
Dutchess county militia, Colonel Abraham 
Brinkerhoff, and in the Fourth Westchester 
militia, Colonel Thaddeus Crane. After the 
war he settled in the town of Coeymans, Al- 
bany county. New York. He married, in 
1787, Sarah Williams, born 1760, died June 
2, 1849. She was a sister of David Williams, 
one of the captors of Major Andre, the Brit- 
ish spy, so closely connected with Benedict Ar- 
nold and his treasure. Five children. 

(VII) David (3), son of David (2) and 
Sarah (Williams) Mead, was born in Coey- 
mans, Albany county. New York, January 17, 
1795, died February 18, 1857. He was buried 
in the Mead burying ground, but afterward 
was removed to Onesquetha cemetery, as was 
his father David (2). He was a farmer of 
Coeymans. He married in that town Eliza- 
beth Norris, born there July 13, 1797, died 
May 12, 1873, and had issue. 



6i8 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



(VHI) Zachariah, son of David (3) and 
Elizabeth (Norris) Mead, was born in the 
town of Coeymans, Albany county, New York 
January 26, 1823, died in Troy, New York, 
January 6, 1898. He was a farmer and mer- 
chant in Coeymans and Troy, removing to 
the latter city in 1880. He was a Democrat 
in politics until the last few years of his life. 
He was an active and useful member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He married, 
January 23, 1846, Mary Townsend, born 
March 9, 1824, died January 6, 1898. Chil- 
dren: I. Charles Edward, born January 9, 
1847 ; married Mary White ; resides at Pat- 
tens Mills, Washington county, New York; 
two children, Mabel and Myrtle (twins). 2. 
Frank P., born July 29, 1852 ; married Eliza- 
beth Allen ; children : Henry, Felter, Mary, 
married Frank Van Zile. 3. Gurdon Crippen, 
born August 10, 1859, died July 11, 1889; 
one son, Gurdon Ira, a resident of Boston, 
Massachusetts. 4. Zachariah (2), see for- 
ward. 

(IX) Zachariah (2), youngest son of 
Zachariah (i) and Mary (Townsend) Mead, 
was born in the town of Coeymans, Albany 
county, New York, May 5, 1863. He was 
educated in the public schools and New Balti- 
more Academy. He resided in New Baltimore 
between ages nine and seventeen years, and 
at the latter age went to Troy, New York, 
where he has since been engaged in the collar 
business, having been connected with several 
of the leading factories of the city. He was 
foreman of the cutting department of the 
William Barker Company for twenty-three 
years. On February 15, 1909, he engaged with 
Hall, Hartwell & Company, where he occupies 
the position of superintendent of the collar 
department. He is a Republican in politics, 
and a member of the Holy Cross Episcopal 
Church. He is a member of the Masonic 
order, is past master of Evening Star Lodge, 
and a Royal Arch Mason of Hudson River 
Chapter. His clubs are the Masonic of 
Watervliet and the East Side of Troy. His 
patriotic ancestry has gained him admission to 
the Sons of the American Revolution. He 
married, April 30, 1883, Charlotte, daughter of 
George H. Coon, printer and publisher of the 
Troy Whig, and his wife, Charlotte (Vos- 
burgh) Coon (see Coon). They have one 
daughter, Edna Louise Mead, married Horace 
E. Baxter, a native of Troy, New York. 

(The Coon Line). 

Through her mother, Charlotte (Vosburgh) 

Coon, Mrs. Charlotte (Coon) Mead descends 

from Abel Camp, of Barre, Vermont, born 

January 21, 1729, died April 20, 1820, aged 



ninety-one years. Abel Camp enlisted in the 
colonial army in the war of the revolution as 
a private, and was credited to the town of 
Cornwall, Connecticut. He joined the army 
August 27, 1781, in Captain James Stoddard's 
company of General David Waterbury's bri- 
gade. This brigade was raised for the pur- 
pose of defending a portion of the Connecticut 
coast. Later he joined Washington at Phil- 
lipsburg, and was also for some time under 
Heath's orders on the Westchester line. Three 
of his sons, Abel, Joel and Gould Camp, 
served as soldiers in the Connecticut militia 
throughout the same campaign. 

(II) William, son of Abel Camp, was born 
April 9, 1764, died July 6, i860. He married, 
November 9, 1785, Abigail Raymond, born 
December i, 1767. 

(III) John Raymond, son of WilHam and 
Abigail (Raymond) Camp, was born Septem- 
ber 29, 1793, died July 19, 1864. He married, 
February 28, 1816, Lucy Drew Camp, born 
November 21, 1791, died May 27, 1862. 

(IV) Angeline, daughter of John Raymond 
and Lucy Drew (Camp) Camp, was born 
November 7, 1816, died March 6, 1842. She 
married Abram Vosburgh, of Glenville, New 
York, who died July, 1882. 

(V) Charlotte, daughter of Abram and An- 
geline (Camp) Vosburgh, was born September 
3, 1837, died September 23, 1903. She mar- 
ried, January i, 1857, George H. Coon, of 
Troy, New York, born October 29, 1835, died 
June 23, 1899. Children: Angeline, born Oc- 
tober 13, 1857; Charlotte, see forward; Ray- 
mond Schuyler, born November 27, 1863 ; Jo- 
seph ]\Iulford, born April 2, 1874. 

(VI) Charlotte, daughter of George H. and 
Charlotte (Vosburgh) Coon, born April 26, 
i860, married Zachariah Mead (see Mead 
IX). 



In the year 1619 the Virginia J 
FRISBIE Company of London sent over i 

to their colony in America more 
than one thousand two hundred settlers, among 
whom were a number of French Huguenots. 
Richard Frisbee or Frisbie was one of the 
latter. His son Edward many years later was 
driven out of Virginia because he was a Puri- 
tan, and July 7, 1644, he settled in the new 
town of Branford, on north shore of Long 
Island sound, colony of New Haven. For 
several generations the history of the Frisbies 
was the history of Branford. Edward and his 
son John were leaders in the church, town 
and colony during their lives. January 20, 
1667, "Edward and John Frisbee" were two of 
the signers of the "New Plantation and Church 
Covenant," at Branford. (See "Colchester," 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



619 



p. 151.) Edward Frisbie had sons: John, 
Caleb, Ebenezer, and probably others ; these 
sons married and had large families. Several 
of the family served in the revolutionary war 
and many went out from Branford to settle 
in other and distant parts. The branch of the 
family under consideration begins with Rus- 
sell, a descendant of Edward Frisbie, born in 
Branford, Connecticut, about 1775. He mar- 
ried and reared a large family, among them 
Russell (2). His wife lived to the great age 
of one hundred and four years. 

(H) Russell (2), son of Russell (i) Fris- 
bie, was born in Branford, Connecticut, 1807, 
died 1903. He was a man of wealth and en- 
gaged in those lines of investment common to 
men of wealth. He was a Whig during the 
existence of that party and intensely anti- 
slavery in his convictions. At the formation 
of the Republican party he became an ardent 
supporter. He was a veteran of the civil war 
and served with General Butler at New Or- 
leans, Louisiana. He was captain of the gov- 
ernor's bodyguard of Connecticut, and raised 
the first company of infantry in Washington, 
D. C, of which company he was chosen and 
commissioned captain. He married Jane Cor- 
bin, of Roxbury, New York, who bore him 
seven children, among them being Chester 
Corbin, see forward. 

(HI) Chester Corbin, son of Russell (2) 
and Jane (Corbin) Frisbie, was born in Bran- 
ford, Connecticut. He was educated in the 
schools of Connecticut, and after completing 
his studies, moved to Pennsylvania, where he 
started in drilling oil wells ; later became an 
independent operator ; subsequently was super- 
intendent of a coal mine ; finally became a 
traveling salesman. He settled in Elmira, New 
York, where he engaged in business. He is 
now a resident of New York City, where he is 
engaged in the real estate business. He is a 
Republican politically, and an attendant of the 
Congregational church. He married Clara, 
born in Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania, 
daughter of Miles Barnet, whose ancestors 
cam.e to America about 1640. Children: i. 
Clara L., born in Elmira, New York, now re- 
siding in New York City. 2. Helen Chester, 
deceased. 3. Miles Russell, see forward. 

(IV) Hon. Miles Russell, son of Chester 
Corbin and Clara (Barnet) Frisbie, was born 
in Elmira, New York, November 22, 1880. 
His early and preparatory education was ob- 
tained in the common and high schools of his 
native city and at Wesleyan Academy, Massa- 
chusetts. He entered Union University, where 
he was graduated, class of 1900. Deciding 
upon the profession of law, he studied in the 
cfifices of Hon. John B. Stanchfield, of El- 



mira, and supplemented this with a course at 
Albany Law School. He stood the test of an 
examination before the state board of examin- 
ers and was admitted to the bar in the fall of 
1903. He at once began the practice of law, 
locating in Schenectady, New York, forming a 
partnership with Benjamin Terk under the 
firm name of Frisbie & Terk. After a year 
the firm was dissolved and Mr. Frisbie has 
since continued alone the general practice of 
his profession. During his entire life as a 
voter he has been a loyal member of the Re- 
publican party and has served with distinction 
in several appointive and elective positions to 
which he has been chosen by his party. In 
1903-04-05-06 he was clerk of the senate, pub- 
lic health committee, clerk of railroads, con- 
nected with the geological survey, and 1906 
was elected to the legislature and re-elected in 
1907, receiving for the office an unusually 
large vote on both occasions. In the two ses- 
sions he was honored with membership on 
important committees and proved a valuable 
legislator. He served on the committees on 
general laws, claims, soldiers' home, cities, 
public lands and forestry. While in the legis- 
lature he drew up the new charter for Sche- 
nectady and forced the investigation of the 
National Guard of the state and revision of the 
military code. He was an earnest and effec- 
tive supporter of the policies of Governor 
Hughes. He served on the special committee 
for revising the laws of the state. In the elec- 
tions of 1908 he was defeated on the local 
option issue which he favored. This was not 
agreeable to his constituents, who the previous 
year had elected him by a majority of two 
thousand six hundred. During 1908 he served 
one hundred days in the National Guard, a 
body that has always taken a great interest in 
and for whose betterment he used his best 
efforts while in the legislature. Hon. Miles 
R. Frisbie retained his legal business in Sche- 
nectady, where he is now in practice. He or- 
ganized and was president of the Young 
Men's Republican Club of Chemung county, 
and is a member of the executive committee 
of the Schenectady County Republican Club. 
In fraternal relations he is an Elk. His col- 
lege fraternity is the Delta Chi ; his social 
clubs the University and Mohawk. He is a 
member of Park Congregational Church of 
Elmira, but an attendant of State Street Pres- 
byterian Church in Schenectady. He married, 
at Schenectady, June 19, 1906, Clara, born in 
that city, daughter of Charles Holtzmann, 
born in Alsace, Germany, 1852, came to the 
United States in 1867, spent two years in 
New York City, and is now a merchant of 
Schenectady. He married Anna Reaber and 



620 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK \-ALLEYS 



has children: Charles, Elsie, Clara (Mrs. 
Frisbie). 



The Carmichael family 
CARMICHAEL of Amsterdam descends 

through a long line of 
hardy ancestors with a pure strain of Scotch 
blood running through several generations of 
both paternal and maternal forbears. The im- 
migrant ancestor of record in the New World 
was Daniel Carmichael, born in Perthshire, 
Scotland, with an ancestry resident and native 
to that land for many generations. His par- 
ents, whose names are not of record, came at 
the same time, but the date or place of arrival 
cannot be given. The family finally settled in 
Albany, and later in Galway, Saratoga county. 
New York. Daniel Carmichael was a baker, 
and while living in Albany was engaged in 
that business for several years. He had large 
government contracts for supplying the com- 
missary department located at Albany and did 
a large and profitable business that netted him 
a fortune. He moved to Galway after partly 
retiring from active life, but contributed his 
influence and wealth to improving conditions 
in that community. In later years he became 
a resident of Amsterdam, where he purchased 
suburban property that is now valuable hold- 
ing, being within the city limits. Daniel Car- 
michael married (first) in Albany, New York, 
Janet McLaughlin, born of Scotch parents. 
She died in middle life, leaving two children : 
Peter and Jane. He married (second) in Al- 
bany, Allison Knox, born of Scotch parents, 
and a connection of the noted Scotch minister, 
John Kno.x. Mrs. Carmichael (second) died 
in Amsterdam, aged eighty-seven, and Daniel, 
aged eighty-two. Children of second marriage 
were: i. John, see forward. 2. James. 3. 
Daniel. 

(H) John, eldest son of Daniel and Allison 
(Knox) Carmichael, was born at Albany, Sep- 
tember 2, 1821, died at Amsterdam, New 
York, August 21, 1904. He was educated in 
Albany at the "Academy," later in Galway 
schools, after which he entered Union Col- 
lege at Schenectady, New York. For some 
years he was an instructor in the schools of 
his district, but in i860 engaged in farming at 
Galway, with his father. Later than 1860 
he removed where he had a farm. He bought 
out the business there of William Laimbeer, a 
malster, which he operated profitably in con- 
nection with his farm. He became the owner 
of city property and a man of substance. His 
life was an active and upright one that at- 
tracted favorable comment. When Amster- 
dam was incorporated a city he was elected 
mayor and gave a wise administration, and 



on the completion of his term he declined 
further public office and thereafter devoted 
himself to his private business affairs. He 
was a consistent member of the Presbyterian 
church, and greatly respected for his manly, 
upright. Christian character. He was twice 
married. His first wife was Laura White- 
side, whom he married in Galway, her native 
town. She died while still a young woman, in 
Amsterdam, leaving two sons, John White- 
side, who died unmarried, and Daniel Mont- 
gomery, who resides at Spokane, Washington, 
and has a daughter, Minnie Louise Car- 
michael. John Carmichael married (second) 
in Amsterdam, June 6, 1875, Henrietta P. 
Stewart, born in Guy Park, Amsterdam, New 
York, April 20, 1848, daughter of James and 
granddaughter of Thomas Stewart, of Perth- 
shire, Scotland (see forward). She was edu- 
cated in the public schools, and reared to those 
habits and qualities peculiar to the Scotch 
character which make them, the world over, 
men and women of the best type. Children of 
John and Henrietta P. (Stewart) Carmichael 
are: Jessie Allison, born May i, 1876, died 
December 23, 1877. 2. Elizabeth Annie, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1879, educated at Andover and Nor- 
walk academies, graduating from the latter 
institution, class of 1901. 3. Helen Stewart, 
May 20, 1884, received her education at An- 
dover, Massachusetts. Both daughters reside 
at the family home in Amsterdam, where they 
are a welcome addition to the social life of the 
city. J 

(The Stewart Line). ■ 

Thomas Stewart, grandfather of Mrs. John 
Carmichael (Henrietta P. Stewart), was born 
in Perthshire, Scotland. He married Mar- 
garet McKinley, and when their fourth child, 
James, was two years old, they came to the 
United States, settling at Perth, Fulton 
county. New York. Thomas was a farmer, 
and on his new farm developed the true Scotch 
stamina and succeeded in acquiring a com- 
fortable and substantial home. Late in life 
they removed to Amsterdam, ending their 
days, which finally exceeded the Scriptural al- 
lotment, with their children previously settled 
in that city. Seven children were born to 
Thomas and Margaret Stewart, four in Scot- 
land, three in New York: i. John, removed to 
Centreville, IMichigan, where he was engaged 
in farming; he was twice married and died 
at the western home. 2. Margaret, married 
William Major, of Perth, New York ; later 
they removed to Centreville, Michigan : they 
were the parents of Margaret, Stewart, James. 
3. Elizabeth, married David Rogers, of Ams- 
terdam ; both deceased ; had no issue. 4. 
James, see forward, 5. Mary, married Bar- 






HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



621 



ney Cleveland. 6. Ann, became the wife of 
Timothy Greene, of Gloversville ; she died, 
leaving four children: Ann E., Annie, James, 
Stewart. 7. Janet, married Dr. Woodworth, 
one of the older physicians of Amsterdam ; she 
died, leaving two children : Annie and Mary E. 
(H) James Stewart was born in Perthshire, 
Scotland. He was two years of age when his 
parents brought him to the United States. He 
grew up on the Fulton county farm, but later 
removed to Amsterdam, where he engaged in 
contracting for the state of New York ; bridges 
and on public works : built the locks along the 
Erie canal ; also carried on farming and pur- 
chased the old Sir William Johnson farm, 
later known as Guy Park. James Stewart 
married (first) Mary Eliza Stewart, who died 
without issue. In May, 1842, he married 
(second) Jane Melissa, daughter of Dr. Abra- 
ham and Deborah (Betts) Pulling. Dr. Pull- 
ing was born in Connecticut ; he came to Ams- 
terdam when it was a small village ; he was 
one of that noble army of pioneer country 
physicians whose sacrifices are constant and 
great, and make them beloved members of 
any community. Dr. Pulling died in Amster- 
dam, aged seventy-six, universally respected 
and mourned. Deborah, his wife, born in 
Connecticut, lived to be eighty-two ; Mrs. Pull- 
ing was one of the pioneer Presbyterians in 
Amsterdam and largely instrumental in found- 
ing and supporting the first church of that 
faith, although Dr. Pulling had been reared an 
Episcopalian and always remained faithful to 
the interests of that faith. Children of Dr. 
Pulling: Henry Perry, Clara Maria, Caroline 
Pamelia, Jane Melissa (Mrs. James Stewart), 
Abraham Casandra, Sarah Ann, Jane Arnold, 
died in infancy ; James, died in infancy. Mr. 
and Mrs. James Stewart had children: i. 
Caroline Maria, married Robert Hall Fer- 
guson ; died leaving one child, Francis H. 
Ferguson. 2. Mary E., married Albert C. 
Phillips ; now deceased, leaving two children : 
Annie E. and William Phillips. 3. Henrietta 
P., wife of John Carmichael (see Carmichael 
H). 4. Annie M., married John D. Schuyler. 
5. James T., married Ada Griffin. 6. Gene- 
vieve E., married Philip Boshart; three chil- 
dren living: James S., John G. and Thomas 
W. Boshart. 7. Walter, died in infancy. 



Nathan Landon, founder of 
LANDON the Landon family in America, 

was born in Herefordshire, 
England, near the border of Wales, in 1664. 
He sailed from Liverpool for America in the 
year 1675, and settled in the vicinity of Bos- 
ton, later removing to Long Island, New 
York, where he settled at Southold and made 



that his permanent residence. He married 

Hannah , who died January 26, 1701, 

aged thirty years. The Southold town records 
have her name Mary, but the Landon Bible 
and other authorities call her Hannah. Nathan 
Landon died March 9, 1718, and is buried at 
Southold, where his tombstone can be found. 
Children: Elizabeth, Nathan (2), James (see 
forward) and Samuel. 

(II) James, third child of Nathan and Han- 
nah Landon, was born in Southold, Long 
Island, New York, 1685, died September 19, 
1738. He married (first) in May, 1707, 
Nancy Vaile, of the same town, who died 
August 20, 1722; he married (second) a 
widow, Mrs. Mary Wilmot. Children of first 
wife: Joseph, James (see forward), Daniel, 
David, John, Mary, Rachel and Lydia. His 
will mentions six sons and four daughters. 

(III) Captain James (2), second child of 
James (i) and Nancy (Vaile) Landon, was 
born in Southold, New York, about 1712. 
Here his boyhood and early manhood were 
passed. Later, with his brothers, David and 
John, he removed to Litchfield, Connecticut, 
where the descendants of Daniel are numer- 
ous. In 1742 James and John removed to 
Salisbury, where John settled on "Sugar Hill" 
and married a granddaughter of William 
White, the first settler. Captain James Lan- 
don settled in the southern part of the town, 
near the small pond called by the Indians 
"Noncook." He soon took a prominent posi- 
tion in town afifairs. He was one of the first 
magistrates and represented Salisbury in the 
colonial legislature in 1758-59-63-64-65-70-72- 
73-74. He was captain of militia previous to 
the revolution. As early as 1756 the town 
of Salisbury supported two well organized 
infantry companies from which enlistments 
and impressments were made from time to 
time, and the captains were ordered to hold 
their men in readiness for service at all times. 
The original written orders still exist, issued 
by Colonel Marsh, of Litchfield, to Captain 
James Landon, ordering men to be sent to the 
northern frontier for service against the 
French and Indians. When the war of the 
revolution broke out Captain Landon remained 
true to the mother country, and suffered the 
loss of his lands in consequence. His resi- 
dence on an eminence in the town was and is 
still called "Tory Hill." He was a devout 
churchman and a member (as his ancestors 
had always been) of the Episcopal church. 
He married J\lary Reed, a great-granddaugh- 
ter of John Reed (1633-1730), who came 
from England to Boston in 1660. Children: 
James, Erastus, John, Joel, David, Nathan, 
Ashbell, see forward, and a daughter, Mrs. 



622 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Fitch, of Stockbridge, Massachusetts. 

James settled in Genesee county, New York ; 
John and Nathan in ]\Iedina, Ohio ; Erastus 
and Joel in Dutchess county. New York ; 
David remained in Salisbury. 

(IV) Ashbel, youngest son of Captain 
James (2) and Mary (Reed) Landon, was 
born on "Tory Hill," Salisbury, Connecticut, 
1763. He was prominent in town affairs, 
holding many public offices. He was a war- 
den of the Episcopal church. He married, 
1783, Loraine Chapman, of Salisbury, daugh- 
ter of Reuben and Sarah (Lay) Chapman, 
and sixth in descent from Robert Chapman 
(1616-1687), who came from Hull, England, 
to Boston, 1635, and settled in Saybrook, Con- 
necticut, from which town he was representa- 
tive or assistant in the general court from 
1654 to 1682. Children: i. Elizabeth, mar- 
ried James Johnston and settled at Ashtabula, 
Ohio. 2. Letitia, married James Paige and 
removed to Pennsylvania. 3. Edmund, met an 
accidental death w^ien a young man. 4. Wil- 
liam, see forward. 5. Horace, was an iron 
founder and manufactured the celebrated 
"Salisbury iron." 6. James, was a farmer and 
extensive land owner and representative in 
the general court, succeeding his grandfather 
by just one hundred years. 

(V) William, second son of Ashbel and 
Loraine (Chapman) Landon, was born in the 
"Tory Hill" homestead in Salisbury, Connec- 
ticut, 1795. He was a farmer and a merchant. 
His farm was about five miles from the home 
farm owned by his brother James. Fond of 
books, he was a student and a great reader. 
He married, 1827, Phoebe, daughter of Dr. 
Cyrus Berry, of Clinton, Dutchess county, 
New York, and one of the pioneers of the 
town of Warren, Connecticut. The wife of 
Dr. Berry was Sibyl, daughter of Abraham 
and Anna (Gray) Mudge, of Sharon, Con- 
necticut, and fifth in descent from Jarvis 
Mudge, who came from England to Boston 
in 1638. Abraham Mudge was an iron manu- 
facturer of Sharon, owning, in company with 
his father and brothers, a large tract of land 
on Indian Mountain, from which they obtained 
their iron ore. During the revolution he was 
a member of the committee of safety, and two 
of his sons (brothers of Sibyl — Mrs. Dr. 
Berry) were soldiers in the Patriot army. He 
was a deacon in the Presbyterian church, and 
a leading citizen of Sharon. Dr. Cyrus Berry 
was a son of Joseph and Lois (Pratt) Berry, 
of Tolland, Connecticut, and grandson of 
Captain Nathaniel Berry, who in 1720 mar- 
ried Rebecca Hatch, bom in Falmouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, 1700. Captain Nathaniel Berry 
was one of the original grantees of the town 



of Kent, and, according to the grand list of 
1745, the largest proprietor. He was repre- 
sentative in the colonial legislature in 1783- 
84-93. He was one of the organizers of the 
First Church in Kent, organized in 1741. Wil- 
liam and Phoebe (Berry) Landon were the 
parents of four sons: i. James, a farmer of 
Salisbury. 2. William H., removed to Me- 
nominee, Wisconsin. 3. Judson S., see for- 
ward. 4. Charles B., educated in New York 
schools, studied law with D. J. Warner, of 
Salisbury, admitted to the bar in 1862, en- 
listed as chaplain in the Twenty-eighth Regi- 
ment Connecticut Volunteers, returned from 
the army in 1863, resumed practice of the 
law in Columbia county. New York. In 1867 
entered the ministry of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church, continuing until his retirement, due 
to advanced years. 

(VI) Judson Stuart, third son of William 
and Phoebe (Berry) Landon, was born in 
Salisbury, Connecticut, December 16, 1832, 
died in Schenectady, New York, September 
7, 1905. He was born in that part of the 
town known as "Lime Rock," and while an 
infant was removed to the homestead on 
"Tory Hill," where his father, grandfather 
and great-grandfather had lived, and where 
he passed his early hfe, attending the little 
old schoolhouse that stands on the slope of 
the hill. He was educated in the Amenia 
Seminary, Dutchess county. New York, and 
New York Conference Seminary, and in 1853 
was a teacher of Latin and mathematics in 
Princetown Academy, south of Schenectady. 
He spent a year attending Yale Law School 
in 1854, was principal of Princetown Academy 
in 1855, and in 1856 was admitted to the 
bar and began the practice of his profession 
in Schenectady, where he subsequently re- 
sided. In 1855 Union College conferred upon 
him the degree of Master of Arts, and Rut- 
gers College, LL.D., in 1885. He was a sup- 
porter of Republican principles, and in 1856 
was elected district attorney of Schenectady 
county, and re-elected in 1859. In 1865 he 
was appointed county judge, and in the same 
year was elected for a term of four years, 
which he served ; in the meantime was elected 
a delegate to the constitutional convention of 
1867 in the fifteenth senatorial district. His 
public-spirited liberality as a citizen brought 
his influence to bear in favor of every popular 
advance. The improvement of the water and 
sewer service of his city owed much to his 
support, as did also its hospital and public 
school systems. In 1872-73 he was city at- 
torney, and in the latter year was elected jus- 
tice of the supreme court of the state of New 
York, for the fourth district, and on the ex- 







I 





fl-tL^L^f^--t^ 



1 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



623 



piration of his term of fourteen years in 1887, 
was unanimously and without opposition nomi- 
nated and re-elected for a second term of four- 
teen years, which expired in 1901. From 
1884 he served as one of the justices of the 
general term of the third department, desig- 
nated by Governors Cleveland and Hill, until 
designated by the latter to act as associate 
judge in the second division of the court of 
appeals in 1891, where he served during the 
existence of that division, when he returned 
to the supreme court, where he was assigned 
to the appellate division of the third depart- 
ment of the supreme court by Governor Mor- 
ton in 1895. In 1889 he was designated an 
associate judge of the court of appeals by 
Governor Roosevelt, where he served until the 
expiration of the term for which he was 
elected. In 1902 Governor Odell appointed 
him a member of a committee of fifteen to 
report to the next legislature concerning the 
condition of the statutes and laws of the state, 
and in 1904 he was appointed by the legisla- 
ture a member of the board of statutory con- 
solidation. Among other public services un- 
dertaken by him were efforts to arouse the 
world to secure universal peace and inter- 
national arbitration. His judicial career was 
marked by fairness and industry. As a crim- 
inal judge, his conscientious, painstaking and 
conspicuous fairness, combined with a sym- 
-pathy for the accused which tempered justice 
with mercy, as judicial discretion allowed, won 
the approval and admiration of the people, 
the bar and the bench. When his second term 
of office expired, his counsel and advice were 
sought in important and interesting business 
and litigation, chiefly in the court of appeals. 
He early took an active and efficient interest 
in public affairs and in politics. He attended 
the Chicago convention of i860 that nomi- 
nated Abraham Lincoln for president, and 
was firm and unwavering in his support of the 
government during the rebellion. Judge Lan- 
don gave twenty-seven years' service on the 
board of trustees of Union College and four 
years of that period was president ad interim 
administering the college, advising and lead- 
ing the faculty, giving lectures to the senior 
classes, and doing all this gratuitously and 
continuously for four years. His lectures to 
the senior class on the constitution of the 
United States and his lectures before the Al- 
bany Law School were valuable contributions 
to public education. As an author he pro- 
duced a widely celebrated work entitled "The 
Constitutional History and Government of the 
United States," the fruitage of long and pa- 
tient study of the principles underlying Amer- 
ican political institutions. He was deeply in- 



terested in local history, collected many orig- 
inal documents and prepared addresses and 
monographs such as his "The Burning of 
Schenectady in 1690." For "Historic Cities 
of America" he prepared the chapter on the 
old Dutch town of Schenectady. He pre- 
pared, delivered and printed many addresses 
and lectures, and was ever ready to serve 
the call of the people for instruction or en- 
tertainment. It was said of him that he had a 
faculty for friendship. 

He married, April 26, 1856, Emily Augusta 
Pierce. (See Pierce IX.) They had a resi- 
dence in Schenectady for forty-nine years. 
Children: i. Kate, married Lewis Cass, at- 
torney, of Albany, New York. 2. Robert Jud- 
son, see forward. 3. William P., a prominent 
lawyer of Rochelle, Illinois. 4. Mary, a grad- 
uate of Smith College. 5, Grace, married 
Walter J. Rickey, manager Singer Manufac- 
turing Company, South Bend, Indiana ; she 
is also graduate of Smith College. 

(VII) Robert Judson, son of Judson Stuart 
and Emily A. (Pierce) Landon, was born in 
Schenectady, New York, August i, 1859. His 
primary and academic education were obtained 
in the public schools of Schenectady, after 
which he entered Union College, from which 
he was graduated Bachelor of Arts, class of 
1880. He embraced the profession of law and 
was graduated from Albany Law School, 
LL.B., class of 1883. He at once began and 
has since been engaged in the general practice 
of law in his native town, where he has a 
lucrative practice and is regarded as a strong 
man, particularly successful in litigation. He 
was associated with his father after his retire- 
ment from the bench from 1902 to 1905. He 
is an active Republican, and served on the 
board of education for six years and on the 
board of health for twenty-two years under 
both Republican and Democratic administra- 
tions until it passed out of existence by legal 
enactment. He was chairman of the Republi- 
can county committee, delegate to numerous 
state, county and city conventions until his 
retirement from active political life some fif- 
teen years ago. He is a member of Schenec- 
tady Board of Trade, Mohawk and Golf clubs, 
and of the Greek Letter fraternity, Delta 
Upsilon. He married, November 12, 1885, at 
Schenectady, Mary T., daughter of James and 
Mary J. (Veeder) Gilmour. James Gilmour 
was born in Paisley, Scotland, December 18, 
1822, died December 18, 1885. He was an 
instructor of note in Princetown Academy, 
and at Fulton, Oswego county. New York. 
Mary J. Veeder was born in 1838, died in 
1909. The children of Robert Judson and 
Mary T. (Gilmour) Landon are: i. Judson 



624 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Stuart, born January 30, 1888, a senior at 
Yale University, 1910. 2. Eleanor Veeder, 
November 15, 1893. 3. Katharine Gilmour, 
December 14, 1904. 



The founder of the American 
PIERCE Pierce family of which Emily A. 
Pierce (Mrs. Judge Landon) is 
a descendant in the eighth generation, was 
John Pierce, born in England, 1601, died in 
Wethersfield, Connecticut, 1666. He and his 
wife Elizabeth, with their son John, came to 
Woburn, Massachusetts, from Norwich, Eng- 
land, 1637. They later settled in Wethers- 
field, Connecticut. 

(H) John (2), son of John (i) Pierce, had 
a son John, see forward. 

(HI) John (3), son of John (2) Pierce, 
was the father of Deacon John Pierce, see 
forward. 

(IV) Deacon John (4), son of John (3) 
Pierce, was of Southbury ; he built the "old 
plastered house," on the east side of the main 
street, north of the Whiteoak School, and 
owned a square mile of land around it. 
Deacon John married Ann Huthwitt, "the de- 
frauded orphan," sister of John Huthwitt. 
The tradition is that they were of gentle 
blood, left orphans at an early age, and 
placed under the guardianship of an unscru- 
pulous, avaricious uncle who sent them to New 
England and deprived them of the fortune left 
by their parents. Deacon John died in 1731. 
He had two children, John and Elizabeth. 

(V) John (5), son of John (4) Pierce, 
born 1683, died 1758; was a sergeant in the 
colonial wars ; married Comfort Jenner, of 
Woodbury, who bore him ten children. 

(VI) Joseph, fourth son of John (5) and 
Comfort (Jenner) Pierce, was born 1725, died 
181 1. He married, 1750, Mary Johnson, of 
Woodbury, born 1727, died 1826, grand- 
daughter of Moses Johnson, one of the sign- 
ers of the original compact for the settlement 
of Woodbury, Connecticut, and who came 
with the first company to that place. Joseph 
and Mary Pierce were the parents of nine 
children. 

(VII) Joel, third son of Joseph and Mary 
(Johnson) Pierce, was born 1755, died 1832: 
married, 1782, Avis, born 1766, died 1858, 
daughter of Lieutenant William and Ann 
(Bennet) French, of Southbury, Connecticut, 
where the young couple were married. Among 
their wedding gifts were two negro slaves, 
male and female, given them by their respec- 
tive fathers. 

(VIII) Joel (2), son of Joel (i) and Avis 
(French) Pierce, was born at Southbury, 
Connecticut, in the part now called South 



Britain, 1793, died 1847. He married, 1814, 
Anna Sherman, of Woodbury, descendant of 
Edmond Sherman, founder, from whom the 
famous General W. T. Sherman, the illustrious 
statesman, John Sherman, of Ohio, and Roger 
Sherman, the "signer," also descend. (See 
Sherman VI.) 

(IX) Emily Augusta, daughter of Joel (2) 
and Anna (Sherman) Pierce, was born in 
Woodbury, Connecticut, November 20, 1835. 
She was the youngest of ten children and lost 
both parents before she was twelve years of 
age. She lived under the guardianship of 
her uncle, Erastus Pierce, and was educated 
at Dr. Flack's boarding school at Charlotte- 
ville. She became an instructor and taught at 
Princetown Academy, where, April 26, 1856, 
she married Judson Stuart Landon, at that 
time principal of the academy. (See Landon 
VI.) 



The maternal grandfather of 
SHERMAN Emily A. Pierce (Mrs. 
Judge Landon) was Elijah 
Sherman, a lineal descendant of Edmond 
Sherman, the founder of the family in Amer- 
ica. The grandfather of Edmond, was Henry 
Sherman, of Dedham, England. He died in 
1589, his wife Agnes in 1580. They were 
the parents of five children, of whom Henry 
(2) was the oldest. Henry (2) was a "cloth- 
ier" of Dedham, and married Susan Hills, 
who died in 1610. They were the parents of 
eleven children, of whom Edmond, the found- 
er, was the fourth. 

(I) Edmond Sherman, son of Henry (2) 
and Susan (Hills) Sherman, was born in 
Dedham, Essex county, England. He was a 
cloth worker (or maker), and a man of large 
means. In the church at Dedham, England, 
may be seen a stained glass window bearing 
his initials, his gift to the church, and the 
records of the church show that one of the 
buttresses of the building was erected at his 
expense. A free school endowed by him is 
still in existence. Fle married, in England, 
161 1, Judith Angier, and in 1632 came to 
America with v\'ife Judith, sons Edmond and 
Samuel, and nephew John. Edmond subse- 
quently returned to England, where his de- 
scendants are numerous. 

(II) Samuel, son of Edmond and Judith 
(Angier) Sherman, born in England, was- 
part of the family emigration of 1632. He 
finally settled in Stratford, Connecticut, where 
he became a man of great prominence. He 
was a member of the court of assistants or 
upper house of the general court, and supreme 
judicial tribunal, for several years after 1663, 
and filled various appointive and elective offi- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



625 



ces of honor and trust. He married Sarah, 
daughter of Matthew Mitchell, a native of 
Halifax, Yorkshire, England, who emigrated 
to America from Bristol, England, in 1635, 
coming in the ship "James." Samuel and 
Sarah Sherman were the parents of nine 
children. 

(HI) Benjamin, eighth child of Samuel and 
Sarah (Mitchell) Sherman, was born in 
Stratford, Connecticut, 1662, died there in 
1741. He married Rebekah Phippeny, born 
1664, died 1739. They were the parents of 
eight sons. 

(IV) Samuel (2), fifth son of Benjamm 
and Rebekah (Phippeny) Sherman, was born 
in Stratford, Connecticut, 1705. He married 
Mrs. Martha Gold, 1728, of Fairfield, Con- 
necticut, and had issue. 

(V) Ehjah, son of Samuel (2) and Mar- 
tha (Gold) Sherman, was born 1754, died 
1844. He was of Woodbury, Connecticut, 
and served in the revolution as a private. He 
was a large manufacturer of shoes, employing 
many men both in making of hand-made shoes 
and in the tannery where he tanned the leather 
used in his shop. He was also owner of a 
large farm which he cultivated. In 1797-98 
and again in 1806-07 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Connecticut legislature from Wood- 
bury. While a member he introduced a bill 
which became a law, allowing poor debtors a 
certain amount of property which was exempt 
from seizure : "A cow, a pig, beds sufficient 
for the family" and other necessities. In 1790 
he was made a Free Mason. The Episcopal 
church in Woodbury was erected with the 
contributions of seventy members, of whom 
Elijah Sherman was one. The parish was 
prosperous until the breaking out of the revo- 
lution, when its usefulness was greatly hin- 
dered by the hostility of the public mmd to 
everything "English." In an agitation over 
the adoption of the state constitution by the 
church he became involved and ultimately 
abandoned the society to become a Methodist, 
and for twenty years worshipped with a few 
others in his own house, later a church of that 
denomination being erected on his own prop- 
erty, adjoining his homestead, which still_ is 
the 'church parsonage. He was a leading 
member and was elder or local preacher. He 
married Nancy Northrop, born 1758, died 
1818, a great-great-granddaughter of Joseph 
Northrop, who came from England in 1637, 
one of the "Eaton and Davenport Company of 
good character and fortune," who came in 
the ships "Hector" and "Martin," and settled 
at New Haven, later settling the town of 
Milford, Connecticut. His wife was Mary 
Norton, who came to Milford from Wethers- 



field with the Rev. Peter Prudden and his 
party. 

(VI) Anna, daughter of Elijah and Nancy 
(Northrop) Sherman, was born 1789, died 
1846. He married, 1814, Joel Pierce, born 
1793, died 1847. They were the parents of 
ten children, of whom Emily Augusta, young- 
est, became the wife of Judge Judson S. Lan- 
don. (See Landon VI.) 



Henry Curtis came to New 
CURTIS England in 1635, in the ship 

"Elizabeth and Ann," and set- 
tled at Watertown, Massachusetts, where he 
was a proprietor in 1636, later removing to 
Sudbury, Massachusetts, where he was a pro- 
prietor in 1639. In deeds he is styled "wheel- 
wright." He testified in a lawsuit to the 
effect that he was twenty-seven years of age 
when he landed in America. He married, 
about 1640, Mary, daughter of Nicholas Guy, 
of Upton Gray, Southamptonshire, England. 
He came to New England in 1638 in the ship 
"Confidence," and settled at Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts. Henry Curtis died in Sudbury, 
Massachusetts, 1678. His widow Mary sur- 
vived him until December 3, 1682. Children, 
all born in Sudbury: i. Lieutenant Ephraim, 
was a noted scout and hunter, trader, and 
soldier in King Philip's war; there is no 
record of his marriage. 2. John, born in 
1644, died unmarried in Sudbury, December 
31, 1678. 3. Joseph, see forward. 

(II) Joseph, youngest son of Henry and 
Mary (Guy) Curtis, was born at Sudbury, 
July 17, 1647, died there November 26, 1700. 
In 1675 he served in the Mt. Hope campaign 
in King Philip's war under Captain Thomas 
Prentice. He married, in Sudbury, February 
5, 1667, Abigail Grout, born in Sudbury, Octo- 
ber 14, 1655, died April 28, 1745, daughter of 
Captain John and Sarah (Bushy-Cakebread) 
Grout, of Sudbury. Joseph Curtis was a 
farmer, and an inventory of his estate shows, 
besides other property, "two farms lying in 
Woster, the farm containing two hundred and 
fifty acres and a fifty acre lot." Children, all 
born in Sudbury: i. Abigail, married, about 
1705, Captain John Goulding. 2. Ephraim, 
see forward. 3. Mary, born December 25, 
1686; married, December 14, 1710, Thomas 
Stone. 4. Joseph, July 15, 1689; was one of 
the founders of Medway, Massachusetts, 
where he died January 21, 1754. 5. Sarah, 
married, December 28, 1715, Jonathan Smith. 

(III) Ephraim, son of Joseph and Abigail 
(Grout) Curtis, was born in Sudbury, Sep- 
tember 4, 1680, died in his native town, No- 
vember 17, 1759. His gravestone in East 
Sudbury (now Wayland) states that he was 



626 



HUDSON AND :M0HAWK VALLEYS 



justice of the peace, major of a regiment and 
many years representative in the general court. 
In 1741 he was appointed a special justice of 
the court of common pleas. He married, May 
ID, 1705, Mary, born February 18, 1682, died 
February 22, 1761, daughter of David and 
Susannah Stone, of Sudbury; Children, all 
born in Sudbury: i. Ephraim, settled in 
Worcester, Massachusetts, where he died Jan- 
uary I, 1748; married Mary Rice, of Sud- 
bury. 2. Captain John, see forward. 3. Mary, 
married, December 20, 1732, Ensign Jason 
Gleason. 4. Susanna, married Lieutenant 
Jonathan Carter. 5. Major Joseph, born De- 
cember 22, 1721, died October 6, 1791 ; in 

1757 he was lieutenant of the first "foot com- 
pany" of Sudbury; in 1771 he was captain of 
the first company of horse, and October 26, 
1778, appears v/ith the rank of major in Cap- 
tain Nathaniel Maynard's muster roll ; mar- 
ried (first) Jane Plympton ; (second) Abigail 
Baldwin, both of Sudbury ; fifteen children. 6. 
Lieutenant Samuel, born June i, 1724; in 

1758 he served as lieutenant under Captain 
Samuel Dakin in the expedition against Crown 
Point, and was killed July 20, 1758, in the 
engagement at Halfway Brook, near Fort Ed- 
ward, New York; married (first) Jerusha 
Cutting; (second) Hannah Nichols; five chil- 
dren. 

(IV) Captain John, son of Ephraim and 
Mary (Stone) Curtis, was born in Sudbury, 
Massachusetts, September 20, 1707. He set- 
tled in Worcester, Massachusetts, where he 
died June 29, 1797. He served as captain of 
the company for the relief of Fort William 
Henry in 1757, and was a signer of the "Troy 
protest" in 1774, but afterwards recanted and 
was admitted to favor. From 1754 to 1774 he 
kept a tavern in Worcester. He married 
(first) June 4, 1729, Rebecca, born January, 
1709, died March 24, 1755, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Elizabeth (Newell) Whight, of 
Sudbury. He married (second) November 
I3i I755> Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John 
Prentice and widow of Daniel Robbins, of 
Lancaster. Children, all by first wife, and all 
born in Worcester except the first: i. Jona- 
than, died young. 2. John, married Elizabeth 
Heywood. 3. Jonathan, died young. 4. Sarah, 
died young. 5. Elizabeth, born December 28, 
1738. 6. William, died young. 7. Rebecca, 
died young. 8. Joseph, died young. 9. James, 
see forward. 10. Mary, married Deacon John 
Chamberlain. 11. Sarah, married Captain 
William Jones. 12. William, served in the 
revolution. 13. Joseph, served in the revolu- 
tion. 14. Tyler, born April 28, 1753. 

(V) James, son of Captain John and Re- 
becca (Whight) Curtis, was born in Worces- 



ter, Massachusetts, September 8, 1746, died; 
January 19, 1879, in Princeton, Massachusetts,, 
where he had settled. He married, in Shrews- 
bury, Massachusetts, May 24, 1770, Sarah, 
born June 25, 1749, died September 19, 1787, 
daughter of Captain Abraham and Dinah 
(Rice) Eager, of Shrewsbury. Children: i. 
Azubah, baptized in Worcester, January 20, 
1771. 2. Sophia, married, January i, 1795,^ 
Samuel Smith. 3. Elizabeth. 4. James, see 
forward. 5. Tyler, married, March 18, 1802, 
Mary Ann Flagg. 6. Eager. 7. Sarah. 

(VI) James (2), son of James (r) and 
Sarah (Eager) Curtis, was born about 1775. 
He married, in Massachusetts, Mary Andrews,. 
and lived at Lenox, i\Iassachusetts. Children r 
I. Henry, see forward. 2. George. 3. Almira^ 
married Harvey Mosher. 4. Roxana, died 

March 28, 1827. 5. Laura, married 

Churchill, and had a daughter Isabel, who- 
married Judge Baldwin, of Michigan. 6. 
Mary Ann, married James Harvey Martin. 

(VII) Henry (2), son of James (2) and 
Mary (Andrews) Curtis, was born near 
Lenox, Massachusetts, 1803, died in Troy, 
New York, 1855. He settled in Troy when 
a young man and at once engaged in the dry 
goods business. He remained in mercantile 
life all his active years, and became one of 
the prominent dry goods merchants of Troy. 
He was a Universalist in religious faith, and 
a Democrat in politics. He married, in Troy, 
Salona B., second daughter of Elkana and 
Sarah McCoon (Barrows) Wilmarth, of Troy, 
who had other children : Almira, Leander, 
Celia, married John Sayles, and Mercy Ann, 
married Joseph Henry Todd. Henry and 
Salona B. (Wilmarth) Curtis had children : 
I. Jennie, born 1842, died 1873 ; married Leon- 
ard H. Buckland. who died in 1905; child: 
Harriet, married George Beeson and had two 
children. 2. Clement, died June 3, 1846. 3. 
Charles Henry, see forward. 

(VIII) Charles Henry, only son of Henry 
(2) and Salona B. (Wilmarth) Curtis, was 
born in Troy, New York, September 30, 1847. 
He was educated in the public schools, and 
in 1866 entered the employ of S. A. House & 
Sons, where he learned the art of collar cut- 
ting. He was with that firm seventeen years, 
and has now been connected with the firm of 
Fellows & Company in the capacity of cutter 
for a like number of years. He is a member 
of the Universalist church, where he has 
served as deacon since 1895, trustee since 1900, 
and in 1910 was chosen president of the board. 
He is a Republican in politics. He served 
three years in the New York National Guard, 
Twenty-fourth Regiment. He married, July 
5, 1868, Gertrude Lucille Mabee, of Troy. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



627 



Children, all born in Troy: i. Frank Charles, 
see forward. 2. George Henry, born August 
II, 1872; educated in the public schools, grad- 
uating from the high school, class of 1891 ; 
since 1898 he has been employed in the county 
clerk's office as recorder ; he is a member of 
the East Side Club, Rensselaer County Re- 
publican Club, Royal Arcanum and Chamber 
of Commerce. 3. Jean Gertrude, educated in 
the public schools and Emma Willard School. 
4. Harvey Otto, born February 22, 1878, died 
December 25, 1882. 5. Harold Edwin, born 
November 20, 1887 ; educated in the public 
schools ; entered Rensselaer Polytechnic In- 
stitute, where he was graduated C. E., class 
of 1909 ; he is now located in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, as assistant engineer of inspection de- 
partment of the Associated Factory Mutual 
Fire Insurance Companies. 

(IX) Frank Charles, son of Charles Henry 
and Gertrude Lucille (Mabee) Curtis, was 
born June 3, 1869. He was educated in the 
public schools of Troy, graduating from the 
high school in 1888. He studied law with 
George A. Mosher, of Troy, who after his 
admission to the bar admitted him to a law 
partnership in 1893, which was dissolved in 
1910. He makes a specialty of patent law, 
confining his practice exclusively to patents 
and patent causes. He was United States 
commissioner, 1906-07. He is secretary and 
director of the Luxury Sales Company, and 
director of the Stockwell-Purser Realty Com- 
pany, both of Troy. He was a member of 
Troy Citizens' Corps, Sixth Separate Company 
(now Company A), Second Regiment, from 
1893 to 1899, and is now an active member 
of the senior company of the Citizens' Corps. 
He is an active Republican, and his club is the 
Pafraets Dael. He is a member of the New 
York State and Rensselaer County Bar asso- 
ciations, Rensselaer County Republican Club, 
and Chamber of Commerce. He married, 
June 27, 1908, Marie Josephine Leduc, of 
Schenectady ; one child, Gertrude, born June 
24, 1910. 



This family was of Greene 
CURTIS county. New York, at an early 

date in the history of that 
county. The first of our record is Silas Cur- 
tis, a cooper, who died in Durham, Greene 
county. 

(II) Gilbert, son of Silas Curtis, was a 
farmer for many years. He learned from his 
father the trade of a cooper, and worked at 
that at intervals when he could be spared from 
his other labors. He later in life moved into 
Durham, Greene county, where he kept a ho- 
tel on the main street of that town, where he 



died. He married Atline Stevens, born in 
Durham, where she also died. Children: i. 
Edgar Silas; see forward. 2. Charles G., 
twice married ; his second wife was Catherine 
Hayes, who bore him Charles (2), Frances 
Olive, Edwin. He was a real estate dealer 
of Los Angeles, California. 3. Montgomery 
G., a merchant of Troy. 

(III) Edgar Silas, eldest son of Gilbert and 
Atline (Stevens) Curtis, was^born in Dur- 
ham, Greene county. New York, February 2, 
1832, died in Troy, New York, June 24, 1904. 
He was educated in the schools of Durham 
and Harpersfield, New York. He was taught 
the cooper's trade by his father and followed 
that trade until he located in Troy in October, 
1852. He entered there into partnership with 
his cousin, Mortimer Stevens, and for several 
years they conducted a livery and general 
teaming business. The partnership was later 
dissolved, Mr. Stevens retiring from the firm. 
Mr. Curtis conducted the business alone until 
his death. He was a Republican in politics, 
but took no active part in city affairs. He 
was a Mason and was a member of King 
Solomon Lodge of Masons, also Apollo Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar, and a thirty-sec- 
ond degree Mason. He was devoted to his 
business and his home, a man with many 
friends and greatly respected. He was con- 
nected with the Baptist church and the choir 
of that church. He married, at Hobart, Dela- 
ware county. New York, February 5, 1855, 
Frances Augusta, born in Hobart, December 
10, 1836, daughter of Samuel and Laura 
(Taylor) Wilcox, both natives of Hobart, 
where they died at ages of seventy-two and 
eighty-two years. Mr. and Mrs. Edgar S. 
Curtis were parents of one son, Samuel Gil- 
bert ; see forward. 

(IV) Samuel Gilbert, only child of Edgar 
Silas and Frances Augusta (Wilcox) Curtis, 
was born in Troy, New York, December 30, 
1857. He was educated in the Troy schools, 
and at an early age began the development of 
his musical talent under the instructions of 
his mother, herself an accomplished musician 
and capable instructor. After mastering the 
art as far as her capacity would allow, he 
went to Germany, where for three years he 
studied under foreign masters. Returning to 
Troy, he began teaching, and is known far 
and wide as a master of his art. Professor 
Curtis is a member of the Baptist church in 
Troy, and in politics an independent Demo- 
crat. He married Lura, daughter of Alex- 
ander McChesney, born 1834, died 1864, and 
granddaughter of Henry McChesney, of 
Brunswick. Professor and Mrs. Curtis have 
a son, Harold Cornwell. born December 7,, 



628 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



1 89 1, a graduate of Troy Academy and a 
student of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. 



This family early appears in 
BECKER the records of New Amsterdam 

and the Hudson Valley. Their 
course may be marked in their northward mi- 
gration from New Amsterdam by descendants 
still to be found in the cities and towns along 
the river. They are found in the earliest rec- 
ords of Beverwyck and Albany counties, 
where there have been many men of promi- 
nence bearing the name. 

(I) Jan Jurianse Becker (Bekker) in 1656 
was clerk at Fort Casimir (on the Delaware). 
He sold liquor to the Indians, which brought 
h'ni into conflict with the authorities. In 1660 
he was deprived of the office and went to New 
Amsterdam, where in the same year he had 
leave to "keep a school." In 1663 he was an 
inhabitant of Greenbush (Rensselaer) ; after- 
wards was notary public and schoolmaster for 
the youths of Beverwyck and "esteemed very 
capable that way." He was city chamberlain, 
1686, and was an attorney, as the early records 
show. He made his will August 3, 1694, in 
which he speaks of son Johannes and daughter 
Martina (wife of Willem Hogan), who was 
made administratrix of his estate, December 
16, 1697. 

(II) Johannes, son of Jan Jurianse Becker, 
married Anna Van der Zee and had children : 
Marken, Hilletje, Johannes, see forward, Hil- 
letje (2), Storm, Gerritt, EHzabeth Albertus, 
Annatjie and Pieter. 

(III) Johannes (2), son of Johannes (i) 
and Anna (Van der Zee) Becker, married 
Sara Van Arnhem and had children: Johan- 
nes, Abraham, see forward, Cornelia, Isaac, 
Nicholas and Cornelius. 

(IV) Abraham, son of Johannes (2) and 
Sarah (Van Arnhem) Becker, married Eliza- 
beth Van der Zee. He settled in what is now 
the town of Westerloo, Albany county. New 
York, prior to the revolution, where he was 
known among the very earliest settlers. 

(V) Willem (Wilhelm), son of Abraham 
and Elizabeth (Van der Zee) Becker, was bap- 
tized March 12, 1781. He was a farmer 
of the town of Guilderland, Albany county. 
He married Sophia McMichael. Children: 
Peter, John, Alexander, Nicholas, Angelica, 
Maria, Eliza, George, William, Henry. 

(VI) John, son of Wilhelm Becker, was 
born on the homestead farm in Guilderland, 
1814, and followed the business of a general 
farmer in that town all his life. He married, 
1838, Margaret Ogsbury, daughter of one of 
Guilderland's pioneer families. Children: i. 
David, married Emma Keenholts. 2. Angel- 



ica, married Silas Hilton. 3. Abram, see 
forward. 4. Edward, married Alida Crounze. 
5. Sanford, married Jennette Ogsbury. 

(VII) Abram, son of John and Margaret 
(Ogsbury) Becker, was born on the old 
Becker homestead in Guilderland, 1843, died 
in Albany, New York, 1892. He was edu- 
cated in the town schools, and for many years 
followed farming. In 1877 he located in Al- 
bany, where his later years were passed. He 
married, 1864, Hester, daughter of Henry P. 
Shaver, who was the only son of Peter Shaver, 
of Guilderland, and a grandson of Henry 
Shaver, who was born February 14, 1758, and 
served in the revolutionary war as an enlisted 
soldier of the First Regiment, New York 
Continental Line, under Colonel Goosen Van 
Schaick, and in the Fifteenth Regiment, Al- 
bany County Militia, under Colonel Peter 
Vrooman. He married Alida Bradt. Peter 
Shaver, son of Henry and Alida (Bradt) 
Shaver, was born in New Scotland (then 
Bethelehem), Albany county. New York, July 
19- i"95' died in Guilderland 1886. His par- 
ents settled in Guilderland when he was eight 
years of age, and his subsequent life was 
passed within a few miles of his birthplace. 
He served as a private in the war of 181 2, 
and was a man of prominence in his town. He 
was an active worker in the Whig party and 
attracted the attention of such men as William 
H. Seward and Thurlow Weed. Many lucra- 
tive public positions were offered him, but 
were always declined. From 1842 to 1846 he 
represented Guilderland on the board of Al- 
bany county supervisors, and was a member 
of the constitutional convention of 1846. Al- 
though possessed of little education beyond 
that obtained in the little log schoolhouse of 
his early days, he had gained by close observa- 
tion and reading a fund of information that 
made him a most formidable opponent in de- 
bate or argument. He was of unusually sound 
judgment and a wise counsellor. He had ob- 
tained a good knowledge of law and was often 
chosen as referee in important cases. He 
married, in 1817, Catherine Banker, daughter 
of Hon. Cornelius H. Waldron. Children: 
Henry P., father of Hester (Shaver) Becker, 
and Hester. Children of Abram and Hester 
(Shaver) Becker: i. Allen J., born June 16, 
1865 ; married Elizabeth Bryan, and has a 
daughter, Jessie Isabelle. 2. John Austin. 

(VIII) John Austin, second son of Abram 
and Hester (Shaver) Becker, was born in 
Guilderland, Albany county. New York, Octo- 
ber 31, 1867. He was educated in the city 
schools of Albany, finishing with the high 
school. He began his business career as clerk 
with a firm of grain merchants, and has since 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



629 



devoted himself to that business. In 1891 he 
began as an independent dealer in Albany, and 
so continues. He has been successful in his 
undertakings and has attained a high position 
in commercial and financial circles. He is 
director of the First National Bank, trustee of 
the Exchange Savings Bank, both of Albany, 
and a member of the Chicago Board of Trade. 
He married, January 9, 190 1, Minnie Belle, 
daughter of David and Elizabeth Skinner. 
Children : Elizabeth Skinner, born November 
7, 1901 ; John Austin (2), January 2, 1906. 



The family in Amsterdam bear- 
BECKER ing this name is of compara- 
tively recent settlement. For 
many generations the family has been native 
to the Rhine Province or state of Hesse-Hom- 
burg, now a part of the great German Empire. 
Their native town was Meisenheim. During 
the Napoleonic wars this town furnished many 
men who fought against the French, among 
them some of the Becker family. One of the 
sons, Henry, enlisted in the German army 
and in battle received a wound from which 
he never recovered. 

Charles Becker, a brother of Henry, and 
father of Henry Becker, of Amsterdam, New 
York, was born in Meisenheim, Hesse-Hom- 
burg, Germany, in March, 1797. When six- 
teen years of age he was forced to join the 
French army and do battle against his kindred 
and native land. At the earliest opportunity 
he deserted from the French army and reached 
his own home safely. He at once enlisted in 
the German army in the same regiment his 
brother Henry had joined some time previous. 
He proved himself a brave and faithful sol- 
dier and served three years in defense of his 
country. For bravery in battle he was pro- 
moted to be sergeant. After the war closed 
he was presented with a silver medal inscribed 
"for faithfulness to duty," and on the reverse 
side a profile of the Prince. This is a treas- 
ured heirloom of the family. After peace was 
declared he returned to his native province 
and engaged in farming and stock raising, 
making a specialty of sheep. He was a good 
business man and secured a competence which 
he used for the comfort and education of his 
children. He was a man of piety and probity, 
well known and highly respected. He was 
for many years one of the electors of his vil- 
lage, it being their duty to select persons to 
fill the town offices. He married a girl of his 
own province, JNIary Conrady, born there of 
French parents. She was of a superior fam- 
ily, one of the family being a brave soldier 
and the incumbent of some high official posi- 
tions under the German government. Charles 



Becker died in 1881 ; his wife died in 1851. 
Children: i. Margaret, born about 1834; she 
was the first of the family to come to the 
United States ; she settled in New York City 
about 1850; there she met and married Ed- 
ward Bolkard, a native of Bavaria, Germany; 
he was a wealthy real estate operator of New 
York, where. he died in 1892; his wife died 
August 18, 1906, without issue. 2. Marie, 
born in Meisenheim, where she always lived ; 
she married (first) Peter Schneider; (second) 
Peter Dalkner, a prominent man of the town ; 
during the Franco-Prussian war he was en- 
gaged in supplying goods to the commissary 
department of the German army ; he became 
quite a wealthy man ; they were the parents of 
two children ; by her first marriage Marie 
Becker had two children, both of whom came 
to the United States : Nicholas, a prominent 
man of New Jersey ; Joseph, went west, where 
trace has been lost. 3. Caroline, born 1838, 
deceased ; she married Peter Ammann, of 
Meisenheim, and left two sons: Jacob and 
Henry Ammann, both married and residents 
of New York. 4. Katherine, born 1840, died 
at age of eighteen in her native town. 5. 
Jacob H.. born 1843 ; became a prominent 
business man of Heidelberg, Germany ; mar- 
ried a lady of rank in that city ; they have 
several children, one of whom is a staff ofhcer 
in the German army. 6. Henry, see forward. 
Henry, progenitor of the Amsterdam fam- 
ily under consideration, youngest son of 
Charles and Mary (Conrady) Becker, was 
born in Meisenheim, Hesse-Homburg, Ger- 
many, August 14, 1847. He received a good 
education in his native land, which he left at 
age of seventeen, sailing from Bremen in 
1865 in the ship "Hannsa," that was later lost 
at sea. He settled in New York for a time 
with his sister Margaret, who was the first of 
her family to emigrate and was living in New 
York City. He learned the cabinetmaker's 
trade and remained in New York until 1873, 
when he removed to Amsterdam, New York, 
and engaged in business. After some years in 
that city he embarked in the hotel business and 
for seventeen years was so engaged, after 
which he retired. He became prominent in 
local political aflfairs, affiliating with the Re- 
publican party. He served seven years as 
sewer commissioner, seven years as assessor, 
and for six years has been alderman from the 
first ward. He is a member of Amsterdam 
Lodge, No. 134, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. He married, 1871, in New York 
City, Katherine, born there September 17, 
1849, daughter of Jacob and Louisa (Weber) 
Bucher, both of German birth. Mr. Bucher, 
bom in Wiirtemburg, Germany, came to the 



630 



HUDSON AND MOHA^^'K VALLEYS 



United States with his wife, who was born 
in Hesse-Darmstadt. They settled in New 
York, where he became known as one of the 
most skillful lithographers of that city and 
one of the prominent manufacturers of that 
line of printing. Mrs. Henry Becker died in 
188 1, leaving six children: i. Emma, born in 
New York; married William C. Crouse, a 
lumber dealer of West Galway, New York ; 
children : Louise M., Henry B., William J. 
and Harold Crouse. 2. Louise, married Sam- 
uel Ruddleson, a mill operator of Amsterdam. 
3. Caroline, unmarried, resides with her father 
in Amsterdam. Three children, Katie, Henry 
and Margaret, died in infancy. Mr. Becker 
married (second) in Amsterdam, 1883, Walla, 
born in Bavaria, Germany, daughter of John 
and Barbara Berg, of Albany, New York, 
where they died in old age. By his second 
marriage Mr. Becker has a son, Henry C, 
born July 2, 1885, living at home, and a 
daughter, Walla, born February 2, 1887. Both 
were educated in Amsterdam schools and re- 
side with their parents. 



The Troy branch of the Ives fam- 
IVES ily descend from Lazarus Ives, who 

was born in Wales, 1733, died in 
Sand Lake, Rensselaer county, New York, 
18 1 2. He came to America when a young 
man in company with his brothers. John and 
Benjamin. Lazarus settled in Connecticut, 
but before the revolution removed to New 
York, settling at Sand Lake, where he leased 
several hundred acres of ground, engaging in 
farming and stock raising. He prospered, be- 
came a large owner and the founder of a 
numerous and influential family of the coun- 
ty. His wife, Lydia Gremes, died 1824, aged 
eighty-three. She bore him sons : Lazarus, 
Christopher, see forward, and three 
daughters. 

(II) Christopher, son of Lazarus and Lydia 
(Gremes) Ives, was born in Sand Lake, 
Rensselaer county. New York, 1764. He was 
a farmer. He married and has sons : Jacob, 
born 1789; he was a noted wrestler in his 
younger days ; he removed to Illinois, where 
he died : Abijah ; Ranson ; Truman, see for- 
ward : John. 

(III) Truman, son of Christopher Ives, was 
born in Poestenkill, Rensselaer county, New 
York, died in Troy at the age of eighty-four. 
He was reared on the farm and followed agri- 
cultural pursuits for a great part of his active 
life. He removed to Troy, where he was con- 
nected with the city's business enterprise until 
his years prevented active effort. He married 
Betsy Snyder, who bore him seven children : 
I. Augustus, soldier of the civil war. 2. 



Chester. 3. Harrison, also a veteran of the 
civil war. 4. Chester, served in the war with 
his brothers, Augustus and Harrison. 5. Tru- 
man, see forward. 6. Amanda. 7. Elizabeth, 
married George Mosley, of Albany. Mr. and 
Mrs. Truman Ives are buried in Mt. Ida Ceme- 
tery, Troy, New York. 

(IV) Truman (2), son of Truman (i) and 
Betsy (Snyder) Ives, was born in Poesten- 
kill, Rensselaer county. New York, September 
24, 1817, died in Troy, December 18, 1899. 
He was educated in the public schools of his 
district, and was reared on the farm of his 
father, where he acquired the practical knowl- 
edge that decided the future. When young 
he removed to Troy, New York, and began 
market gardening for the Troy market. He 
at first cultivated rented ground, and as his 
means allowed he purchased small tracts of 
land, and in this way acquired a large holding 
of real estate that increased in value with 
the growth of the city. He conducted a large 
wholesale business, supplying hotels, steam- 
ers and other dealers. He had a retail stand 
in Fulton market which he occupied for fifty 
years, becoming a well-known fignre to the 
patrons of the market of two generations. He 
was a Republican in politics, and a member of 
the Masonic fraternity. He married (first) 
Martha Gushing, who died in Troy, 1861. She 
bore him six children: i. Catherine, born 
1838. 2. Sarah E., December 28, 1841 ; mar- 
ried Reuben S. Goodfellow. 3. Charles H., 
May 17, 1844. 4. Lionel, April 4, 1850. 5. 
Myron C, January i, 1855. 6. Walter, died 
May 17, i860, an infant. Mr. Ives married 
(second) January 16, 1867, Mary Augusta 
Bates, born in Troy, New York, December 2, 
1838. Children, all born in Troy: i. Truman 
C, April ID, 1868; married (first) Norma 
Ham ; children : Truman E., Leland H., 
George and Harold; married (second) Flora 
Seymour; children: Norma, Donald S., Edna 
and Willard H. ; he is engaged in the grocery 
business in Troy. 2. Lillian Bates, January 12, 
1870; married Charles A. Roemer. 3. George 
Henry, Au.gust 14, 1872 ; married Margaret 
Hale. 4. Reuben Goodfellow, July 23, 1874 ; 
married Maria Rattigan. 5. Mary Frances, 
March 25. 1876, unmarried. 6. Charles C, 
February 25, 1878 ; a bookkeeper and real es- 
tate agent. 7. Grace, September 18, 1883, died 
January 10, 1885. Mrs. Truman Ives survives 
her husband and resides in Troy, near her 
children, who are all well settled in life. Mrs. 
Ives is the daughter of Calvin Bates, whose 
life and business was ordered very much as 
was her husband's. He was a market gar- 
dener and was a familiar figure in Fulton 
market, Troy, where he had a stand for about 




J^/c-^-^ ^^ i^^iy>-^^^^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



631 



fifty years. He was a son of David Bates, of 
Chelsea, Massachusetts. Her mother was 
Phoebe Miranda Harmon, born 1820, died 
1888, in Troy, New York. Mr. and Mrs. 
Calvin Bates are buried in Oakwood Cemetery, 
Troy. They were the parents of seven chil- 
dren, of whom Mrs. Ives (Mary Augusta) 
was the eldest; Lorena E., Cornelia, Anna, 
Frances, George H. and Julia. 

(IV) Chester, fourth child of Truman (q. 
V.) and Betsy (Snyder) Ives, was born in 
Troy, New York, 1827, died there in 1903. He 
was educated in the Troy schools, and during 
the earlier years of his life was engaged with 
his brother Truman in raising market produce. 
Later he apprenticed himself to a mason and 
builder with whom he served until he had mas- 
tered the mason's trade. After sufficient ex- 
perience had been gained as a journeyman, he 
started in business as a contractor. He became 
well and favorably known as a reliable, compe- 
tent builder and continued in business during 
his active life, but was living retired at the 
time of his death. He was a Republican in 
politics, but never took an active part in public 
affairs. He was a man of quiet, domestic 
tastes, very charitable, known and respected 
by all. He married Bridget, born in Troy, 
New York, 1830, died there in September, 
1871, daughter of John Pratt, of Troy. Chil- 
dren : I. Chester John, see forward. 2. Mary, 
born 1850; wife of M. Broderick; resides in 
Troy. 3. Anna, 1853; married John H. Tap- 
pan, of Troy. 4. Elizabeth, died young. 5. Al- 
bert, married, and a resident of Denver, Col- 
orado. 6. Josephine, died in infancy. 

(V) Chester John, eldest child of Chester 
and Bridget (Pratt) Ives, was born in Troy, 
New York, November 3, 1848. He attended 
the Troy schools until the age of twelve, when 
he went to Chicago with his father and began 
working in a grocery store there. Upon at- 
taining a suitable age, he began working with 
his father at mason work, continuing for sever- 
al years, becoming an expert workman. His 
ambition was to become an employing con- 
tractor, which he later accomplished. He has 
built many of the blocks and residences of 
Troy and is rated a successful, reliable con- 
tractor. He has always taken an active part 
in the political life of his city, and is now serv- 
ing his second term as supervisor of the first 
ward. He is an alert, energetic man with a 
high sense of his obligations as a citizen. He 
serves his ward faithfully, and is keenly alive 
to all that pertains to their welfare. He is a 
Democrat, and is highly regarded by his party. 
He is a member of the Roman Catholic church 
and faithfully fulfils his obligations as a Chris- 
tian man. He belongs to the fraternal order of 



that church, the C. M. B. A., in which he takes 
a deep interest. Mr. Ives married (first) De- 
lia, born 1849 in Waterford, New York, died 
in Troy, September 8, 1871, daughter of Pat- 
rick Raney. No children. Married (second) 
Marsella Cooney, born in Victory Mills, Sara- 
toga county, New York, January 28, 1856, 
died in Troy, New York, December 6, 1884. 
Children: i. Bridget, born March 31, 1874. 2. 
Marietta, born October 4, 1875, in Troy; mar- 
ried Myron Lawson, of Troy. 3. Chester, 
born in Troy, September 10, 1877, died Febru- 
ary 14, 1890. 4. Charles A., born July 26, 
1879, in Troy; he follows the trade of his 
father and grandfather, and is a skillful mason 
and bricklayer ; married Mary Cannon and has 
a son, Chester. 5. Marsella. Mr. Ives mar- 
ried (third) 1886, at Troy, Elizabeth Carroll, 
born 1856, in Troy, died there December 11, 
1908. 



The Jewetts are of English 
JEWETT ancestry and are said to de- 
scend from Henri de Juatt, a 
knight of the First Crusades. In America 
the earliest Jewett record is of Maximilian, 
of Rowley, Massachusetts, born 1607, died 
1684, who came from England in 1638 with 
Rev. Ezekiel Rogers and sixty others who 
settled at Rowley in April, 1639. Maximilian 
Jewett was a son of Edward Jewett, of Brad- 
ford, Yorkshire, England. From Rowley the 
family spread over New England and other 
states until they may be found in every state 
in the Union. The New York family are of 
record in many counties of the state. They 
were pioneers in many of them. They de- 
scend from the branch that first settled in 
New Jersey after leaving New England. 
They are now found in the Mohawk Valley, 
descendants of the pioneers of one hundred 
and fifty years ago. 

(I) Henry W. Jewett, M. D., son of Eli- 
jah Jewett, grandson of Thomas Jewett, a 
revolutionary pensioner from New Jersey, 
was born near Rome, New York, March 24, 
1823, died January 21, 189a. He received 
the usual district school education, but he 
was an ambitious lad and determined to have 
a better education and a profession. With 
this object in view he read such medical books 
as he could secure in Rome, and then placed 
himself under the preceptorship of Dr. Pope, 
a well known physician of Rome, New York. 
He read and studied with him for some years, 
then at the Geneva, New ,York, Medical 
School, finishing his studies and receiving 
from that institution his degree and diploma. 
He was still a young man when he began 
practice at Depauville, Jefferson county, New 



632 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



York ; he later located at Chaumont, same 
county. There he practiced long and suc- 
cessfully. In 1868, he was one of the found- 
ers of the Jefferson County Medical Asso- 
ciation, and in 1872 was elected president. 
Retiring from active practice, Dr. Jewett died 
while on a visit to Oshkosh, Wisconsin, 
at the home of a brother. He married, in 
Jefferson county. New York, Mary Allen 
(see Allen family), born December 29, 1828, 
died February 27, 1884. She bore him chil- 
dren: I. Ella Cornelia, born April 11, 1850, 
died March 28, 1890; married (first) Herbert 
Reed, by whom she had a daughter, Mollie, 
born 1875, died February 5, 1890; married 
(second) Albert Fish, who died without is- 
sue. 2. Charles Allen, see forward. 3. Mary 
E., born February 26, 1861, died May 12, 
1895 ; married John F. George ; he resides in 
Chaumont, Jefferson county, with their only 
son, Charles Jewett George, born July 9, 1893. 
(H) Charles Allen, only son of Dr. Henry 
W. and Mary (Allen) Jewett. was born No- 
vember II, 1854. He has now retired from 
active business, resides in Amsterdam, New 
York, where he was for many years engaged 
in mercantile life. He was influential in the 
public affairs of the city, and served on the 
board of water commissioners. He is a mem- 
ber of the board of trade. He is connected 
with the Reformed church. He married, Sep- 
tember 6, 1876, Georgiana Gray, born Feb- 
ruary 23, 1856. They have one child, Flor- 
ence G., born November 30, 1877. She 
married George H. Churchill, a successful 
jeweler of Amsterdam. He is a member of 
the board of trade, the Antlers and Fort 
Johnson clubs. 

(The Allen Line). 
The Allen ancestry is traced to England 
and Wales. There are many sources of infor- 
mation that are closed by the fact that gen- 
ealogists cannot agree on the common Amer- 
ican ancestor. In fact there are several Al- 
iens who settled in Massachusetts, Rhode Isl- 
' and and Connecticut, at a date so early that it 
is impossible to prove whether they were emi- 
grants or children of emigrants, names, dates 
and places of residence being the same. 

(I) William Allen, from whom Mary (Al- 
len) Jewett descended, was of Portsmouth, 
Rhode Island (Prudence Island), where he 
died in 1685. He is believed to have been 
born in Wales in 1640. In his will proved 
June 29, 1685. he names wife Elizabeth, sons 
William, John, Thomas, Matthew, daughters 
Mercy and Sarah. 

(II) William (2), son of William (i) and 
Elizabeth Allen, was born at Portsmouth, 



Rhode Island (Prudence Island). December 
13, 1687, he was fined for refusing to take 
oath as grand jurj-man. This may have been 
a matter of conscience as many of the family 
were members of the Society of Friends. In 
1705 he was deputy to the general court. He 
married and had three sons, the elder being a 
John. ^ 

(III) John, son of William (2) Allen, was 
born at Portsmouth, Rhode Island. He was 
a soldier of the revolution. His name is on 
the list of non-commissioned officers of the 
Rhode Island regiment in February, 1781, as 
sergeant. He married Susan, daughter of 
Captain Goddard, a ship owner of Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island. 

(IV) James, son of John and Susan (God- • 
dard) Allen, was born at Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island, February 25, 1744, died in Amster- 
dam. New York, April 12, 181 1. He was also 

a soldier of the revolution in the Rhode Isl- 
and regiment, enlisting from Portsmouth. 
With the money received from the govern- 
ment for military service, he removed to 
Montgomery county. New York, and pur- 
chased land in the town of Amsterdam. He 
married Martha Pease, of the well known 
Rhode Island family of that name. 

(V) Caleb, son of James and Martha 
(Pease) Allen, was born in Rhode Island, 
1776, died in Amsterdam, New York. It was 
at his house that the first town meeting was 
held in the town of Amsterdam. He married 
Sarah Fairbanks, of the New England Fair- 
banks family. 

(VI) Cyrus, son of Caleb and Sarah 
(Fairbanks) Allen, was bom in the town of 
Amsterdam, Montgomery county. New York, 
April 22, 1798, died October 3, 1879. He 
married Cornelia, daughter of Garrett Rose- 
boom, of Albany, New York. 

(VII) Mary, daughter of Cyrus and Cor- 
nelia (Roseboom) Allen, was born in Am- 
sterdam, New York, December 29, 1828, died 
February 27, 1884. She married Dr. Henry 
W. Jewett, (see Jewett I). 

(The Gray-Grey Line). 
Most genealogists derive this ancient and 
noble family from Fulbert, Chamberlain to 
Robert Duke of Normandy, who held by his 
gift the castle of Croy in Picardy from which 
the name is assumed to have been borrowed. ] 
There is, however, no evidence for this for 
the pedigree is only traced to Henry de Grey 
to whom Richard Coeur de Lion gave the 
manor of Thurrock in Essex, which manor 
was subsequently known as Grey's Thurrock. 
From D'Ainsy it appears that the family 
came from Grai or Grav, a village near Caen. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



633 



There were Grays in the train of WilHam the 
Conqueror. In England the name is usually 
Grey, in Scotland Gray. They intermarried 
with royalty, sometimes to their sorrow as 
in the case of Lady Jane Grey. The Gray 
family in America is numerous, widespread, 
and of many diverse branches. They were 
among the Pilgrims of New England. The 
Quakers of Pennsylvania were early settlers 
in Virginia, as well as other southern states. 
From 1620 to 1720 at least twenty different 
families of Grays emigrated to this country 
and made their homes in the new world. It 
is a historic fact, worthy of mention, that 
Mrs. Desire Kent, daughter of Edward Gray, 
who came over on the "Mayflower," was the 
first woman to land at Plymouth Rock. The 
family to which Mrs. Georgiana (Gray) Jew- 
ett belongs was undoubtedly founded in 
America by John Gray, of Beverly, Massa- 
chusetts, who was born in England, a son 
of John Gray (i), a pensioner of the British 
navy in which he had lost an arm. John 
Gray (2) married at Beverly, Massachusetts, 
April 28, 1704, Ruth Hubbard. He had sons 
and from him the Montgomery county family 
descend. 

(I) Major Samuel Gray was born in the 
town of Palatine, Montgomery county. New 
York, January 23, 1751, died March 19, 1832. 
He was a brave soldier of the revolution and 
commanded troops at the disastrous battle of 
Ori.skany. He married, April 28, 1776, Cath- 
erine Suits, born August 31, 1753, died March 
8, 1825. They had several children. 

(II) Jacob, son of Major Samuel and 
Catherine (Suits) Gray, was born in Palatine, 
New York, 1792, died April 15, 1862. He 
married Hannah Everson, a native of Mont- 
gomery county. They had an only son. 

(III) John Joseph, only son of Jacob and 
Hannah (Everson) Gray, was born at Pala- 
tine, New York, July 2, 1814, died January 
I, 1899, in Amsterdam, New York. For 
many years he was a successful contractor of 
large undertakings in Vermont and New 
Hampshire. He came to Amsterdam, New 
York, and secured contracts, enlarging, deep- 
ening and widening a portion of the Erie Ca- 
nal. In Amsterdam, July 21, 1842, he mar- 
ried Maria Curtiss, born there May 16, 1819, 
died October 10, 1890. They were the par- 
ents of Georgiana Gray who became the wife 
of Charles Allen Jewett and the mother of 
Florence G. Jewett (Mrs. George H. 
Churchill). 

Another line of colonial and revolutionary 
ancestry is that of Maria Curtiss, mother of 
Mrs. Jewett. She was a daughter of Warren 
H. and Catherine (Pettingill) Curtiss. Cath- 



erine Pettingill's grandfather, Samuel Pettin- 
gill, was a soldier of the revolution. He was 
killed at the battle of Oriskany where the 
brave General Herkimer fell and Major Sam- 
uel Gray was engaged. Samuel Pettingill 
married Catherine Cline, who was born in 
Holland. Their son Samuel married Chris- 
tiana, daughter of Captain William Snook, of 
Snooks Corners, Florida. Captain Snook was 
a descendant of the Emigrant Snook, who 
settled on a grant of six hundred and forty 
acres in Florida. 



This was a common name irt 
UPHAM England as early as 1200, and 
is supposed to be of Saxon ori- 
gin. The first to bear the name who arrived 
in America was John Upham, who is buried 
at Chelsea, Massachusetts, beneath a monu- 
ment on which is engraved : "Here Lys ye 
body of John Upham, aged 84 years, Died 
Feb. 25, 1681." He was born in England, it 
is thought in Somersetshire. He came to 
America with the Hull colony consisting of 
twenty-one families numbering one hundred 
and five souls, that sailed from Weymouth, 
in old Dorset, England, March 20, 1635, for 
the lands of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, 
arriving in Boston after a passage of forty- 
six days. They settled at Weymouth, Mas- 
sachusetts, where a small settlement already 
existed, called Wessaquscus. The following 
shows the Uphams who came over with the 
Hull colony as taken from the records. The 
relationship can be readily inferred : John 
Upham, aged thirty-five years ; Elizabeth Up- 
ham, aged thirty-two years ; Sarah Upham, 
aged twenty-four years; John Upham, Jr., 
aged seven years ; Nathaniel Upham, aged 
five years ; Elizabeth Upham, aged three 
years. 

Sarah Upham is believed to have been sis- 
ter of John Upham. He was a resident of 
Weymouth at least thirteen years. He was 
selectman ; commissioner to treat with the In- 
dians ; court officer with power to try small 
causes in Weymouth, and held other town of- 
fices. In 1648 he removed to Maiden, where 
he was selectman and commissioner of the 
supreme court. He was frequently called to 
settle estates and manage the affairs of wid- 
ows and orphans. He was an earnest Chris- 
tian and for over twenty-five years was a 
deacon of the church. He was a man of 
vigorous constitution, and at the age of eigh- 
ty-three, only a short time before his death 
presided as moderator. His first wife was 
Elizabeth Webb, whom he married in Eng- 
land, and was the mother of all his children. 
In 1671, book 7, p. 224, Suffolk Deeds, has 



634 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



the following record: "John Upham, Know 
all whom it may concern that whereas there 
is a consummation of marriage between me 
John Upham Sen, of Maiden in New Eng- 
land, and Katherine Hollard, widow and re- 
lict of Angell Hollard, late deceased. I, the 
said John Upham do hereby wholly disclaim 
and utterly refuse to receive and take any 
goods, estate or appurtenances anyway what- 
soever belonging to the said Katherine, and 
especially any money, goods, estates or mov- 
ables whatsoever that have been formerly or 
now are anyways belonging to the estate of 
her former husband Angell Hollard: signed 
John Upham," and seal. The marriage was 
actually consummated, as the record shows, 
in August 1671, O. S. Children: i. John 
Jr., left no issue. 2. Nathaniel, married Eliza- 
beth Steadman, March 5, 165 1-2; he became 
a minister of the gospel ; no issue. 3. Eliza- 
beth, married Thomas Welch ; had thirteen 
children. 4. Lieutenant Phineas (see for- 
ward). 5. Mary, married John Whittemore. 
6. Priscilla, was wife of Thomas Crosswell, 
and died a widow, having twelve children. 
There was in the family of Deacon John 
Upham an adopted son, John Upham, whom 
he reared. He died November 25, 1677. 

(H) Lieutenant Phineas, son of John and 
Elizabeth (Webb) Upham, was the only son 
of the founders who left posterity. He was 
born at Weymouth, Massachusetts, in 1635, 
as on December 21, 1671, he made oath that 
he was "thirty-six years old." He died Octo- 
ber, 1676. He became a very important man 
in the new community in civil and military 
life. He had several land grants from the 
town, was selectman, constable, appraiser, and 
served on important committees, transacting 
town business. He was a lieutenant of militia 
and served in the Indian wars (King 
Philip's). At the battle of "The Great 
Swamp" he was wounded during the assault 
on Eort Canonicus. He was sent to Rhode 
Island to convalesce, but never recovered from 
his wound, dying in Boston, August, 1676, 
aged forty-one years. He evidently did not 
leave much property, for soon after his death 
the court "judgeth it meet to order that all 
bills of surgeons and doctors * * * be 
payed by the treasurer of the county, and in 
consideration of the good and long services 
of her husband for the country, and great 
loss the widow sustains by his death, being 
left with seven small children * * * for 
the support of herself and family do hereby 
order the treasurer of the county to pay unto 
the said widow, ten pounds." (Court 
Records.) He married, February 14, 1658, 
Ruth Wood, who died January 18, 1696, 



aged sixty years. Children: Phineas (2), 
Nathaniel, Ruth, John, see forward, EHzabeth 
Thomas and Richard. 

(III) John, fourth child of Lieutenant Phi- 
neas and Ruth (Wood) Upham, was born at 
Maiden, Massachusetts, December a, 1666, 
and died there January 19, 1723. He mar- 
ried (first) Abigail Hayward, who died Au- 
gust 23, 17 17, daughter of Samuel Hayward. 
He married (second) Tamzen Ong. Chil- 
dren by first wife: John, Samuel (see for- 
ward), Abigail, Ezekiel, and David. By sec- 
ond wife, Jacob, who died in infancy. 

(IV) Samuel, second child of John and 
Abigail (Hayward) Upham, was born in 
Maiden, Massachusetts, in 1691. His will, 
made at Leicester, Massachusetts, to which 
place he removed from Maiden, is dated Feb- 
ruary I, 1741. He married, in 1714, Mary, 
daughter of Lazarus Grover. Children : Mary, 
Abigail, Mercy, Samuel. Jonathan : Ebenezer, 
a lieutenant in the revolution; Jacob (see for- 
ward), Phebe, John and William. 

(V) Jacob, seventh child of Samuel and 
Mary (Grover) Upham, was born at Maiden, 
Massachusetts, 1729. He was killed by a fall 
from his horse, April 15, 1786. He married, 
in 1751, Sarah Stower, who died April, 1758. 
He married (second) April 1758, Zuriah 
(Pulnann) Smith, widow of James Smith. 
Children by first wife : Phebe, Jacob and Abi- 
gail. By second wife: Sarah, James, see for- 
ward, Mary, Lucy, Esther, Elizabeth, Jacob 
(2), and William. 

(VI) James, fifth child of Jacob and Sa- 
rah (Stower) Upham, was born at Spencer, 
Massachusetts, October 6, 1761, died in Put- 
ney, Vermont, March 8, 1833. He was a sol- 
dier of the revolution, enlisting at the age of 
sixteen, and served through several enlist- 
ments. He was always known as Major Up- 
ham, but his youth would indicate that the 
title was not for revolutionary service. His 
granddaughter. Miss Sarah Upham, treasures 
as a priceless relic the sword he carried. He 
married Rhoda Spaulding, born June 22, 
1764, died July 12, 1825. Children: i. James, 
born October 30, 1794, died in Georgia, Sep- 
tember 20, 1829. 2. Lucius, see forward. 3. 
Jacob, born May 4, 1806, died in Cohoes, 
1859. 4. William, born in Westminster, Ver- 
mont, January 11, 1810, died September 26, 
1871, at Cohoes: married Angeline Shattuck, 
born December 22, 1827, died December 23, 
1898, who bore him seven children — James, 
William (2), Mary Jane, Joseph F., a lieu- 
tenant of the Twenty-sixth Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, during the civil 
war, Angelina, Harriet Ann, and William 
Harry. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



635 



(VII) Lucius, second son of James and 
Rhoda (Spaulding') Upham, was born in 
Westminster, Vermont, May 9, 1798, died at 
Cohoes, New York, September i, 1879. He 
was a successful business man of Cohoes, to 
whicli city he removed in 1848. He employed 
many men and teams in his business of team- 
ster and contractor. He was a Republican in 
politics, and an attendant of the Methodist 
church, contributing liberally to its support. 
When advancing years came his eyesight 
failed him, but fifteen years preceding his de- 
cease he received his second sight and could 
sead the finest print with the unaided eye.* He 
married, April 12, 1827, Sarah Harding, born 
at Putney, Vermont, January 26, 1802, died 
at Cohoes, December 4, 1884, daughter of 
■Henry and Polly (Minott) Harding. Chil- 
•dren, four of whom died in infancy. 

1. Rhoda Jane, born at Putney, Vermont, 
December 30, 1827 ; married November i, 
1852, Timothy P. Hildreth, born August 26, 
1823, died November 14, 1894, at Cohoes. He 

-■was highly educated, and for many years was 
a furniture dealer, also engaged in the un- 
dertaking business in Cohoes. He disposed 
-of the latter branch and continued the former 
until his death. He was prosperous in his 
"business, and a business block in the city 
bears his name. Children: i. Sarah, died in 
infancy. 2. Prescott T., died December, 1906, 
aged fifty-one years. 3. Nellie J., married 
Robert Mott, and had a daughter Bertha H. 
Mott, who married, September 27, 1890, 
Thomas H. Sprague, born December 14, 
1879; children: Raymond H., Robert A., 
Thomas P., and Helen E. Sprague. 4. Albert 
H., married (first) Josy Teirny; (second) 
Katherine Teirny; children by first wife: 
Howard P., and Frances M. 

2. Willard H., only son of Lucius 
Upham, born November 18, 1828, died Feb- 
ruary 2, 1891 ; married, November 12, 1868, 
Maria Theresa Hyde. He was a veteran of 
the civil war, in Company K, Ninety-first 
Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry, and 
serving until the end of the war. 

3. Sarah A., a resident of Cohoes. 

4. Lucy E., born January 31, 1839, at 
Bennington, Vermont ; married, March 28, 
187 1, George Rockwood, who died December 
24, 1889; she survives him and resides in 
Bennington, Vermont, where she has a son, 
Arthur W. Rockwood, proprietor of the knit- 
ting mill formerly owned and operated by his 
father, George Rockwood. Four other chil- 
dren died in infancy. 

*The editor is advised that this was a really 
remarkable instance of sight recovery after the 
case was deemed hopeless. 



(HI) Sergeant Nathaniel 
UPHAM Upham, second son of Lieuten- 
ant Phineas (q. v.) and Ruth 
(Wood) Upham, was born in Maiden, Mas- 
sachusetts, 1661, died November 11, 1717, 
and left an estate by will. On his gravestone 
at Rialden he is called "sergeant." He mar- 
ried Sarah Floyd, who died October 14, 1715, 
aged fifty-three years. Children: i. Nathan- 
iel, see forward. 2. Sarah, born 1688-89, mar- 
ried Samuel Grover. 3. Ruth, born 1691, mar- 
ried Nathaniel Nichols. 4. Dorothy, married 
John Coleman. 5. Noah, born 1694; moved to 
Pomfret, Connecticut ; later to Mansfield ; 
married (first) Naomi Dana; (second) 
Thankful Dana (sister of Naomi) ; (third) 
Elizabeth Robinson ; seven children. 6. Abi- 
gail, born 1696. 7. Joanna, born 1699, mar- 
ried Samuel Wesson. 8. Lois, born 1701, mar- 
ried James Hill. 9. Eunice, born 1707, mar- 
ried Benjamin Wesson. 

(IV) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel (i) 
and Sarah (Floyd) Upham, was born in Mai- 
den, Massachusetts, 1685-88, died at Leices- 
ter, Massachusetts, 1765. He married Mary 
Tuthill, of Boston, February 6, 1706. Chil- 
dren: I. Mary, died young. 2. Phebe, died in 
her sixteenth year. 3. Martha, died in her fif- 
teenth year. 4. Daniel, died in infancy. 5. 
Nathaniel, see forward. 6. Sarah, born 1718. 
married Samuel Hussey, of Boston. 7. Daniel, 
died at age of nineteen years. 8. Abigail, died 
at age of fourteen years. 9. Mary, died in 
infancy. 

(V) Nathaniel (3), only son of Nathaniel 
(2) and Mary (Tuthill) Upham to reach ma- 
turity, was born in Maiden, Massachusetts, 
1715. He removed to Leicester, Massachu- 
setts. He married, November 4, 1736, Rebec- 
ca Dill, in Newtown. Children: i. Daniel, 
born December 18, 1743 ; married Sarah 
Sprague and had eleven children ; lived in 
Templeton, Massachusetts. 2. Nathaniel, see 
forward. 3. Thomas, born August 25, 1747; 
was a soldier of the revolution ; married Mary 
Lewis and had five children ; finally settled at 
Sand Lake, Rensselaer county, New York. 

4. Mehitable, born 1750; married Met- 

calf ; lived in Marlborough, New Hampshire. 

5. Rebecca, born 1753; married John Lewis, 
brother of her sister-in-law, ]\Iary ; lived in 
Marlborough, New Hampshire. 

(VI) Nathaniel (4), son of Nathaniel (3) 
and Rebecca (Dill) Upham, was born in Mai- 
den, Massachusetts, June 22, 1745. He served 
in the revolutionary army. He lived in Leices- 
ter and Hubbardstown. Massachusetts, dy- 
ing in the latter place March 27, 1833. aged 
eighty-eight years. He married (first) Abi- 
gail Ward, who died April 9, 1812; (second) 



636 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Phebe Kimbill, January ii, 1814. Children 
by first marriage: i. Joel, born November 
2, 1769; married Polly Pike, and had seven 
children. 2. Catherine, born October 8, 1771, 
died May 3, 1794. 3. Calvin, born July 18, 
1773 ; married Hannah Heald, and had four 
children. 4. Willard, born December 18, 1775 ; 
married Ann Eddy, and had seven children. 
5. Ruth, born November 24, 1777, died 1839, 
unmarried. 6. Thatcher, born November 22, 
1779; went to sea and was never again heard 
from. 7. Allen, born December 23, 1781, mar- 
ried Lydia Fay, and had two children ; lived 
in western Vermont and Hull, Canada. 8. 
Hannah, see forward. 9. Moses, born Septem- 
ber 16, 1786; married Prudence Pike; one 
child, Lorinda, married David Myers, and in 
1879 was living near Syracuse, New York. 
10. Rufus, born about 1789, married Olivia 
Sylvester and had two children. 

(VH) Hannah, third daughter and seventh 
child of Nathaniel (4) and Abigail (Ward) 
Upham, was born July 25, 1784, died in Troy, 
New York, December 29, 1867. She married 
at Hubbardstown, Massachusetts, 1810, Jabez 
Upham, born May 18, 1777, died in Troy, De- ■ 
cember 14, 1836. (Several of the descend- 
ants of John Upham, the emigrant, lived in 
Hubbardstown, but whose son Jabez was has 
not been ascertained.) Children: Lovinia, 
died in infancy; Susan Abigail, died at age 
of five years ; Ruth Miranda, died at age of 
two years ; Hiram Jabez, died at age of four- 
teen years ; Moses Allen, see forward. 

(VHI) Moses Allen, only child of Jabez 
and Hannah (Upham) Upham to reach ma- 
ture years, was born in Troy, New York, 
June 9, 1820, died in that city, February 24, 
1890. He learned the trade of carpenter with 
Henry Sage (brother of Russell Sage, the 
famous New York banker), beginning his ap- 
prenticeship immediately on completing his 
studies in the Eighth Ward public school. 
After finishing his years of service with Mi-. 
Sage he worked as a journeyman for a time, 
then began contracting for the erection of 
buildings on his own account. He continued 
in business throughout the active years of his 
life, and became one of the leading contrac- 
tors of the city. He built the Park Presby- 
terian Church, the Jewish Synagogue, and 
many of the noted public and private build- 
ings of Troy. He was a Republican and ac- 
tive in Eighth Ward local politics. He was 
a member and trustee of Park Presbyterian 
Church. He was a member of the Masonic 
order, belonging to Mt. Zion Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Apollo Chapter, No. 
48, Royal Arch Masons ; Bloss Council, Royal 
and Select Masters; Apollo Commandery, 



Knights Templar, and was a thirty-second 
degree Mason of the Scottish Rite. He was 
also a member of Athenaeum Lodge, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, all of Troy. 
He was for many years connected with the 
National Guard of New York, and at the dis- 
banding of the Twenty-fourth Regiment was 
captain of Company I, and the oldest cap- 
tain, in point of service, in the regiment. He 
married (first) August 13, 1841, Mary Mid- 
firth, born in England, died August 30, 1845. 
Married (second) October 23, 1846, Mary 
Louisa Remmey. Children: i. Susan Abi- 
gail. 2. Hannah Elizabeth. 3. Augusta Paul- 
ena, born October 15, 1847, died 1850. 4. 
Martha Viola, born February 27, 1849, died 
October 3, 1909. 5. Harriet Marcelena, died at 
age of ten years. 6. Mary Louisa, died aged 
seven years. 7. Hiram Jabez, born March 29, 
1856; deceased. 8. James Francis, see for- 
ward. 9. Moses Allen, died aged two years, 
lo-ii. Mary Louisa and Moses Allen (twins), 
born December 23, 1863. 

(IX) James Francis, eighth child and sec- 
ond son of Moses Allen and Mary Louisa 
(Remmey) Upham, was born in Troy, New 
York, April 6, 1858. He was educated in the 
public schools of Troy, and in 1875 began his 
business career as a clerk in the wholesale 
drug house of Robinson & Church, where he 
remained six years, becoming head bookkeep- 
er. From 1 88 1 to 1882 he was bookkeeper 
for Oliver Wemett, decorator. From 1882 
to 1901 he was bookkeeper for the Gallup 
Novelty Works of Troy. From 1901 to 1909 
was bookkeeper for Chauncey D. Bradt. In 
the latter year he became bookkeeper for the 
Tibbets estate, a position he now (1910) 
holds. Like his father, except in 1886-89, he 
has always resided in the Eighth Ward of 
Troy, where he is an active worker in the 
Republican party. He was ward committee- 
man and frequent delegate to local and con- 
gressional conventions. He was a volunteer 
fireman, serving in Arba Read Steam Fire 
Engine Co. No. i, of Troy. He has been 
for many years a member of St. John's Epis- 
copal Church, active worker in church socie- 
ties; usher in the church, superintendent of 
the Sunday school, president of the parish 
Young Men's Association and for past six 
years vice-president of the "Churchman's 
League" of Troy and vicinity since 1908. He 
married, April 28, 1886, Fannie Amelia Hein- 
zenberg, of West Troy, New York, daughter 
of John Heinzenberg, born in Prussia, and 
his wife, Fannie Amelia MacElroy. Chil- 
dren: I. Carrie Viola, educated in the Troy 
public and high school : now a student in the 
School of Arts and Crafts, Troy. 2. John 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



637 



Heinzenberg, born May 6, 1889, died July 
15, 1895. 3. Fannie Louisa, born February 
12, 1895; student in Troy high school, class 
of 1913. 



The immigrant ancestor of the 
VAIL Vails of Troy was John Vail, of 

Wales or England, who settled in 
Rye, 1683, went to Southold, Long Island, 
about 1700, and died there previous to 1770, 
at the age of ninety-four years. The family, 
originally Vaill, went into France in 1513, 
beginning with John Vaill, born in Glouces- 
ter, who went into France with Henry VIII. 
as ensign. John, the American ancestor, was 
an English emmigrant, but is said to have 
been living in Wales prior to his coming to 
this country. He married and had a son, 
Benjamin. 

(II) Benjamin, son of John Vail, lived on 
Long Island. He married and had a son 
Samuel. 

(III) Samuel, son of Benjamin Vail, was 
born at Southold, Long Island, died at Go- 
shen, New York, a farmer. He was one of 
the twenty men who in 1730 organized the 
town of Shelter Island. In 1740 he settled 
in Goshen. He married Hannah Pelty, and 
had issue. 

(IV) Gilbert Townsend, son of Samuel and 
Hannah (Pelty) Vail, was born in Goshen, 
New York, 1740, and died a soldier of the 
revolution, July 22, 1779, killed in the battle 
of Minisink. He was a minute-man in Col- 
onel Hatfield's regiment, member of Captain 
John Wood's company. His name is on the 
monument at Goshen, reared to the memory 
of the men who died at that unequal fight. 
He married Hannah Arnot and had issue. 

(V) Joseph, son of Gilbert Townsend Vail, 
was born at Goshen, New York, April 27, 
1770 (or 1768), died 1828. Was ensign in 
Colonel Hatfield's regiment, 1789; was a 
weaver by trade. He married Mary (or Ju- 
lia) Smith. Children: Pelty, born March 
20, 1789; Edmund, 1792; John, January 24, 
1800 ; Townsend McCoun, see forward. 

(VI) Townsend McCoun, son of Joseph 
and Mary (or Julia) (Smith) Vail, was born 
in Montgomery county. New York, February 
28, 1803, died in Troy, September 17, 1869. 
He early became a resident of Troy, where 
he was prominently engaged in the flour trade. 
He was at the head of a large business and 
as his sons grew to manhood they were ad- 
mitted as partners. He was an active mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, and a man 
of high character and principles. He mar- 
ried. May 31, 1831, Martha Maria, daughter 
of Joseph Card, born in Newport, Rhode 



Island, July 5, 1766, died May 7, 1837, at 
Troy, New York, who married Hannah Mc- 
Coun, born September 24, 1776, died De- 
cember I, 1849. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Card: Elizabeth Grace, born May 12, 1796; 
John McCoun, April 26, 1799, died April 
27, 1847; Richard William, October 10, 1804, 
died March 23, 1862 ; Martha Maria, Decem- 
ber 2, 1807; Samuel McCoun, January 29, 
1820, died in October 25, 1848. Children 
of Townsend M. and Martha Maria Vail: 
Samuel McCoun, see forward ; Mary Eliza- 
beth, born July 30, 1837, married Charles 
R. Church; Ezra Reed, April 5, 1841 ; an 
active business man of Troy; Joseph Card, 
May 25, 1845. 

(VII) Samuel McCoun, eldest son of 
Townsend M. and Martha Maria (Card) 
Vail, was born in Troy, New York, June 7, 
1832, died April 24, 1889. He was educated 
in public and private schools of Troy. He 
was taken into the business house of Vail & 
Hayner, flour merchants, and later admitted 
a partner, the new firm of T. M. Vail & Son, 
succeeding Vail & Hayner. He succeeded his 
father as head of the business which was car- 
ried on most successfully until freight rates 
and a decreased supply of home grown wheat 
made the business less profitable. Mr. Vail 
was intimately connected with many of the 
important Troy enterprises. He was active 
in the directorate of the Troy Savings Bank, 
was trustee, 1869, second vice-president, 1879, 
and first vice-president, 1886. He was most 
deeply interested and earnest in promoting 
the erection of the Troy Savings Bank build- 
ing. He was a director of the old Troy and 
Boston Railroad, and interested in other rail- 
road enterprises. He was one of the directors 
of the Congress Street Bridge Company ; the 
Troy Gaslight Company, and an organizer of 
the Troy Club. He was a member of the 
Second Presbyterian Church, and served many 
years as trustee. He was a member of the 
building committee, who rebuilt and enlarged 
that church. He was executor of the large 
estate of Betsey A. Hart, and in his various 
capacities was instrumental in having many 
good residences erected in the city. He was 
a valuable citizen, and one whose support of 
any good enterprise to benefit Troy could be 
relied upon. His public spirit was well-known 
and he was always consulted on important 
city matters. Politically he was a Democrat. 
He married, June 7, 1858, Frances, daughter 
of Richard P. Hart, of troy (see Hart VII). 
Children : Thomas, see forward : Fannie Hart, 
married Sydney G. Ashmore. Martha Card. 

(VIII) Thomas, son of Samuel M. and 
Frances (Hart) Vail, was born in Troy, Oc- 



^38 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



tober 26, i860. He was educated in the 
public schools of Troy ; preparatory school of 
Washington, Connecticut; preparatory school 
at South Williamstown, Massachusetts. Af- 
ter completing his studies, he entered the em- 
ploy of J. M. Warren & Company, at Troy, 
later became purchasing agent for the Fuller 
& Warren Company, and on the death of 
his father took charge of Mrs. Vail's prop- 
erty. .He became prominently identified with 
the banking interests of Troy, and for many 
years has confined himself exclusively to the 
.banking business. He was vice-president of 
rthe National City Bank of Troy, and in 1909 
•was elected president. He is a trustee of the 
Troy Savings Bank and in 19 10 was made 
iirst vice-president ; president of the Troy and 
■Cohoes Railroad Company ; director of the 
Troy & West Troy Bridge Company ; Troy 
^& Bennington Railroad Company ; Rensselaer 
& Saratoga Railroad Company ; Albany & 
Vermont Railroad Company; Lansingburg & 
Cohoes Railroad Company, and the Fuller 
& Warren Company. Notwithstanding his 
'many and varied business interests, Mr. Vail 
<ievotes much time to the charitable institu- 
tions and churches of his city. He is a trustee 
of the Troy Orphan Asylum ; director of the 
Samaritan Hospital; trustee of the Presbyte- 
rian Church Home; has been a member for 
forty years of the Second Street Presbyterian 
Church, (now united with the First Presby- 
.terian Church of Troy). He was treasurer 
of the old church for ten years and a trustee 
for many years ; he is president of the board 
-of trustees of the present church. To these 
institutions he gives the closest attention and 
the benefit of years of business experience and 
skill as a financier. He is independent in pol- 
itics, and in 1909 was the unsuccessful can- 
didate for city treasurer. For ten years he 
was a member of the Citizens' Corp, and is 
a member of the Troy Club. He married, No- 
vember 5, 1896, Mary Eliza, daughter of Col- 
onel Walter P. Warren. Children, born in 
Troy: Martha Warren, Frances Hart, Mary 
Warren, Phoebe Hart. 

(The Hart Line). 
The American ancestor of Frances (Hart) 
Vail, of Troy, New York, was Nicholas Hart. 
The "Savage Genealogy" says: "Nicholas 
Hart was of Taunton, Massachusetts, 1642, 
and was ex-communed there and came to 
Boston, Massachusetts, 1643, remained there 
until 1648, a merchant." He was a colonial 
soldier in William Pool's company, 1643. He 
married Joanna, youngest daughter of Ed- 
Tvard Rossiter, who came from England with 
Governor John Winthrop, of Massachusetts. 



The "Austin Genealogy" says : "Nicholas 
Hart of Warwick, Rhode Island, left one son 
only ; Richard, born probably in England in 
1635." See forward. 

(H) Richard, only son of Nicholas Hart, 
of Warwick, Rhode Island, was a mariner. 
December 10, 1657, he received a grant of 
eight acres of land in Portsmouth, Rhode 
Island. Letters of administration were 
granted on his estate, February 4, 1694-95. He 
was probably lost in a gale at sea. He mar- 
ried Hannah Keen ; children, born at Ports- 
mouth : Alice, born March 8, 1664; married 
George Reace : Richard, see forward ; Mary 
married John Tripp, of Portsmouth ; Nicho- 
las, born 1673, lived at Little Compton ; Wil- 
liam, lived at Dartmouth, now New Bedford, 
Massachusetts ; Samuel, lived at Tiverton, 
Rhode Island. 

(HI) Richard (2), oldest son of Richard 
(i) and Hannah (Keen) Hart, was born in 
Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in 1667. His will 
was made April 19, 1745, probated June 10, 
1745. He resided in Little Compton, Rhode 
Island, near the Tiverton line. Tradition says 
his second wife, Amy, long survived him ; 
there was a path on the farm leading to five 
graves of Hart families with only plain gran- 
ite stones, called the "Amy Hart" path. She 
frequently visited these graves and wore the 
path. He married (first) in 1693, Hannah 
(supposed to have been Hannah Williams). 
He married (second) October 3, 1708, Amy 
Gibbs. Children of first wife, born in Little 
Compton : Alice, married Nathan Closson ; 
Mary, married Peasham ; Sarah, mar- 
ried Daniel Wilcox ; Richard, see forward ; 
Comfort, married John Gifford ; Stephen, born 
August 2, 1712. 

(IV) Captain Richard (3), eldest son of 
Richard (2) and Hannah Hart, was born 
in Little Compton, Rhode Island, December 
22, 1704, died there July 22, 1792. He was 
a farmer. He married (first) at Little Comp- 
ton, February 4, 1725, Mary Taber, died No- 
vember, 1760. He married (second) at Tiv- 
erton, Rhode Island, Abigail Taber. Chil- 
dren of first wife, born in little Compton : John, 
born April 4, 1729; Hannah, married John 
Macomber; William, born January 3, 1733; 

Phoebe, married Howard ; Richard, of 

Saratoga, New York ; Mary, married Nicho- 
las Lapham ; Lombard, born February 3, 1742, 
Susannah, married Philip Macomber; Jere- 
miah, who sold his interest in the Dutchess 
county farm, taken jointly with his brothers, 
Richard and Philip, and settled later on a 
farm in Saratoga county, New York, on the 
shores of Saratoga Lake ; he was a scout 
in the American army during the revolution; 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



639 



he married Abigail Pearsall ; he died on the 
Saratoga county farm in a log house by the 
lake; Philip, see forward. 

(V) Philip, youngest son of Captain Rich- 
ard (3) and Mary (Taber) Hart, was born 
in Little Compton, Rhode Island, January 
12, 1749, died on the farm in Dutchess coun- 
-ty, New York, August 31, 1837. He went 
with his brothers, Richard and Jeremiah, 
about 1770, to Dutchess county, and bought a 
large farm on the turnpike leading from 
Poughkeepsie, New York, to Sharon, Connec- 
ticut, about fifteen miles east of the former 
city. On this farm Richard Hart built a 
house which was later occupied by Philip and 
is yet standing (1903). Soon after 1770 many 
families from Dartmouth, Massachusetts, set- 
tled at this point, including several Hart 
families and a Benjamin Aiken (2) and fam- 
ily. It became known as Hart's Village, now 
Millbrook. On January 7, 1784, he bought 
out the equity of his brothers, Richard and 
Jeremiah, in the farm and later purchased the 
dower right of his stepmother, Abigail Hart, 
and became sole owner of the Dutchess coun- 
ty farm. He built a new house on the farm 
in which he resided until his death. Family 
tradition states that he was a soldier of the 
revolution in 1776. He married, December 
18, 1774, Susannah Aiken, born in Dart- 
mouth, Massachusetts, daughter of Benjamin 
(2) and Mary (Alen) Aiken. Children: 
Mary, married Jacob Merritt ; Richard Philip, 
see forward ; Catherine, married Dr. Alfred 
Tredway ; Philip, lived at Hart's Village ; Ja- 
cob Aiken, born October 28, 1786; Benja- 
min, April 22, 1789 ; William, died in child- 
hood ; Susannah, married Willis Harlan ; 
Phoebe, twin of Susannah, married Joseph 
Lapham ; William, died unmarried. Eliza, 
married Isaac Merritt; Isaac, married Harriet 
E. Griswold, and resided in Troy. 

(VI) Richard Philip, eldest son of Philip 
and Susannah (Aiken) Hart, was born in 
Hart's Village, New York, February 11, 1780, 
died December 27, 1843. He became one of 
Troy's most successful merchants and left a 
large estate. He married (first) January 9, 
1800, Phoebe Bloom, of Clinton, New 
York, daughter of Judge Isaac Bloom. Mar- 
ried (second) February 10, 1805, Delia Ma- 
ria, daughter of James Dole. Married (third) 
February 8, 1816, Betsey Amelia Howard (his 
cousin), daughter of William and Rebecca 
(French) Howard, of Quaker Hill, Dutchess 
county. New York. He had fourteen chil- 
dren, all by his last wife: i. Mary Amelia, 
born November 17, 1816; married, April 25, 
1837, Harrison Durkee. 2. Harriet Howard, 
May II, 1818, died September 10, 1870; mar- 



ried, September 29, 1836, Thompson Doughty, 
of Troy. 3. Phoebe Bloom, June 30, 1819, died 
October 24, 1870; married, November 20, 
1838, David Thomas Vail, of Troy. 4. Wil- 
liam Howard, April 7, 1820, died April 3, 
1883; married Mary Elizabeth Lane. 5. Eliza- 
beth H., July 2, 1822 ; married John A. Gris- 
wold, of Troy. 6. Jane Rebecca, June 20, 
1824, died November 15, 1861 ; married Sam- 
uel Gale Doughty. 7. Richard, May 21, 1826, 
married Maria Davis Tillman, of Troy. 8. 
Joseph Moss, November 4, 1827. 9. Susan, 
September 21, 1829, died young. 10. Caroline, 
February 23, 183 1 ; married, February 20, 
185 1, Hamilton Le Roy Shields, of the United 
States army. 11. Julia Ann, March 20, 1833; 
married Wilham Burden, of Troy. 12. Sa- 
rah Wool, October 14, 1834, died unmarried. 
13. Frances, July 14, 1835 ; married Samuel 
McCoun Vail. 14. Austin Spencer, March 7, 
1841, died December 6, 1842. 

(VII) Frances, twelfth child of Richard P. 
and Betsey Amelia (Howard) Hart, married 
Samuel M. Vail, (see Vail VII), and they 
are the parents of Thomas Vail, of Troy. 



That the Strongs of Ireland, 
STRONG Scotland and England are of a 

dififerent origin respectively, 
would seem to be manifest from the variety 
of their family crests. The crest of the 
Strongs of Ireland is a lion rampant azure, 
supporting a pillar argent ; of those of Scot- 
land, a cluster of grapes stalked and leaved ; 
while those of England have three from which 
to choose. Which belongs to the Strongs of 
America, Benjamin W. Dwight, the historian 
of the Strong family, says is a matter of 
doubt. The Strong family of England was 
originally of the county of Shropshire. One 
of the family married an heiress of Griffith, 
in the county of Caernarvon, Wales, and took 
up his residence there in 1545. 

(I) Richard Strong, of this branch of the 
family, was born in Caernarvon, Wales, in 
1561. In 1590 he removed to Taunton, Som- 
ersetshire, England, where he died in 1613, 
leaving a son John and a daughter Eleanor. 
The name is said to have originally been 
McStrachan, passing through the various 
forms of Strachan, Strachn, becoming finally 
Strong. 

(II) John, son of Richard Strong, was 
born in Taunton, England, in 1605. He re- 
moved to London and afterward to Ply- 
mouth. Having a deeply religious mind, he 
was in fullest sympathy with the Puritans, 
and when in 1630 a company of one hundred 
and forty were sailing for the New World, he 
accompanied them, sailing in the ship "Mary 



640 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



and John," landing after a passage of seven- 
ty days at Nantasket (Hull), Massachusetts, 
on Sunday, May 30, same year. They pros- 
pected for a location several days, finally de- 
ciding upon a spot he called Dorchester, af- 
ter the English home of many of the settlers. 
John Strong was accompanied by his sister 
Eleanor, who was several years his junior, he 
being then about twenty-five years old. She 
married Walter Deane, a tanner, of Taunton, 
Massachusetts, previously of Taunton, Eng- 
land, and they are the ancestors of a numer- 
ous family. In 1635 John Strong left Dor- 
chester and settled at Hingham and took the 
freeman's oath at Boston, March 9, 1639. He 
tarried but a short time at Hingham, for on 
December 4, 1636, he is found an inhabitant 
and proprietor of Taunton, Massachusetts, 
where he was that year made a freeman, and 
was a deputy to the general court in 1641-43- 
44. He removed to Windsor, Connecticut, 
and in 1659 to Northampton, Massachusetts, 
of which town he was one of the first and 
most active founders. Here he lived forty 
years, becoming a leading man in town and 
church afifairs. He was a prosperous tanner 
and a large land owner. From the church 
records of Northampton we quote: "After 
solemn and extraordinary seeking to God for 
his direction and blessing, the church chose 
John Strong ruling elder, and William Holton 
deacon." He married, in England, a wife 
(name unknown) who died on the voyage or 
shortly after landing; she was the mother of 
two children. He married (second) Abigail 
Ford, of Dorchester, with whom he lived fif- 
ty-eight years. She was the mother of six- 
teen children, and died July 6, 1688, aged 
eighty years. Elder John Strong died April 
14, 1699, aged ninety-four years. At his 
death he had one hundred and sixty descen- 
dants — eighteen children, fifteen having fam- 
ilies ; one hundred and fourteen grandchildren, 
and thirty-three great-grandchildren. 

Thomas Ford, father of Abigail (Ford) 
Strong, was one of the company who came 
in the "Mary and John" in 1630. He was 
an early settler of Windsor, Connecticut, 
which town he represented in the general 
court in 1637-38-39-40. Children of Elder 
John Strong, by first wife: John, of whom 
further, and an infant who soon died. By 
second wife : Thomas ; Jedediah, died aged 
ninety-six years ; Josiah ; Return, died, aged 
eighty-five years ; Elder Ebenezer, died aged 
eighty-six years ; Abigail ; Elizabeth, died 
aged eighty-nine years ; Experience ; Samuel, 
died aged eighty years ; Joseph, twin with 
Samuel ; Mary, died aged eighty-four years ; 
Sarah, died aged seventy-seven years ; Han- 



nah ; Hester; Thankful; Jerijah, died aged 
eighty-eight years. The oldest and youngest 
children were thirty-nine years apart in age,, 
the eldest born in England, 1626, and the 
youngest in Connecticut, 1665. Abigail, wife 
of Elder Jones, could not have been more 
than sixteen at the time of her marriage in 
1630, at which time the Elder was twenty- 
five. Two sons and a daughter died young. 
The daughters all married, one of them twice. 
The sons all married, and from these fifteen 
children sprang nearly all the numerous 
Strong families in the United States. 

(HI) John (2), eldest child of Elder John 
(i) Strong, by his first wife, was born in 
England, in 1626, died in Windsor, Connec- 
ticut, February 20, 1697-98. When settled in 
life he was a resident of Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, where he was a man of consequence. It 
is believed that he learned and followed the 
business of his father and owned the tanner- 
ies. He married, November 26, 1656, Mary 
Clark, of Windsor, daughter of Joseph Clark ; 
she died April 28, 1663, aged twenty-five 
years. He married (second) Elizabeth War- 
riner, who died June 7, 1684. Children by 
first wife : Mary and Hannah ; by second 
wife : John, Jacob, Josiah, see forward, Eliza- 
beth. 

(IV) Josiah, son of John (2) and Elizabeth 
(Warriner) Strong, was born in Windsor, 
Connecticut, January 11, 1678, died at Col- 
chester, Connecticut, April 5, 1759. He was 
a farmer at Windsor until 1704-05, when he 
removed to Colchester. He married, Janu- 
ary 5, 1698, Joanna Gillett, born October 28, 
1680, daughter of Josiah and Joanna (Tain- 
tor) Gillett, of Simsbury, Connecticut. Chil- 
dren : Hannah, John, Damaris, Elizabeth, 
Mary, Josiah, Eunice, Caleb, Rachel, Dorothy, 
Joshua, Irene and Asahel. 

(V) Asahel, thirteenth child of Josiah and 
Joanna (Gillett) Strong, was born in Colches- 
ter, Connecticut, June 22, 1725. He was a 
farmer. He married, June 7, 1744, Betterus 
Crouch. Children : Irene, Asahel, Adonijah, 
Ambrose, see forward : Joanna, Betterus, Asa- 
hel, Mercy, Polly. On Augiist 22, 1866, at 
Easthampton, Connecticut, five hundred and 
thirty-three descendants of Adonijah Strong 
held a reunion, and the orator of the day said 
"no member of the family had ever been ar- 
raigned for any, even petty, crime, and no 
one of them ever was an inmate of any alms- 
house or dependent on public or private char- 
ity for support." 

(VI) Ambrose, fourth child of Asahel and 
Betterus (Crouch) Strong, was born in Col- 
chester, Connecticut, November i. 1750. He 
was a farmer, and the maker arid vendor of 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



641 



a popular medicine of his day, known as 
■"Strong's Syrup." He married, October 4, 
1770, Lydia Holdridge, a widow. Children: 
Elisha and Elijah, twins ; Betterus, Roxana, 
Charles. 

(VH) Elijah, twin son of Ambrose and 
Lydia (Holdridge) Strong, was born at Col- 
chester, Connecticut, June 26, 1771, died there 
April 26, i860. He was a farmer of Colches- 
ter. He married (first) Anna Crouch, born 
September 24, 1773, died April 8, 1813, 
daughter of Christopher and Rebecca (Buell) 
■Crouch; (second) June, 1814, Lucy Finley, 
born December 18, 1778, died October 26, 
1856. daughter of Solomon Finley, of Marl- 
tioro, Connecticut. Children by first wife: i. 
Anna Buell, born January 12, 1799; married 
a kinsman, George Strong. 2. Lydia Cham- 
Ijerlain, born September 16, 1800, died un- 
married, April, 1866. 3. Rebecca Crouch, born 
April 13, 1803; married Hazel Gott, of He- 
tron, Connecticut. 4. Elijah Frink, born Oc- 
tober 12, 1804. 5. Charles Davis, born Sep- 
tember I, 1806. 6. Elizabeth Wright, born 
December 4. 1808 ; married Lewis Phelps, of 
Hebron, Connecticut. 7. William Christopher, 
torn March 12, 181 1: removed to South Ca- 
rolina, and all trace is lost. 8. George Gris- 
■wold, born November 14, 1812, joined the 
gold hunters of '49 and went to California ; 
died July 19, 1887, Buena Vista, Iowa, un- 
married. Children of second wife: 9. Ed- 
ward Henry, see forward. 10. Lucy Elvira, 
January 30, 1817, was a school teacher; un- 
tnarried. 11. Walter John Finley, born Sep- 
tember 17, 1822. 

(VHI) Edward Henry, son of Elijah and 
Lucy (Finley) Strong, was born at Colches- 
ter, Connecticut, May 14, 1815, died at that 
place March 15, 1891. He was a farmer, but 
■devoted much of his life to the public service, 
"holding many of the town offices, serving as 
tax receiver, and three times was elected to 
the state legislature. During his latter years 
he was railroad appraiser, adjusting losses for 
property burned or otherwise destroyed. He 
was a Puritan in religion, and brought up 
"his family in the strictest observance of all 
religious forms and worships. He married 
Eunice Loomis (see Loomis VHI), born in 
Goshen, Connecticut, May 6, 1818, died at 
Colchester, June 30, 1902. Children: i. Ed- 
ward Loomis, born November 4, 1844, died 
April I, 1896. 2. Henry A., see forward. 
3. Nelson Hooker, born February 27, 1850, in 
"business in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 4. 
Lucy L., born February 14, 1852, died May 
2, 1853. 5. Abbie Utley, born March 23, 
T854, died at Colchester. March 2, 190 1 ; mar- 
ried John R. Backus. 6. Sarah Jane, born 



November 11, 1856; married Frank W. Bar- 
bour, who died May 25, 1896, aged thirty- 
eight years. She survives him and resides 
in Boston, Massachusetts. 7. Arthur Hotch- 
kiss, born July 9, 1859, died January 15, 1863. 
8. Nora Amelia, born May 26, 1862, died 
January 16, 1863. 

(IX) Henry A., second son of Edward 
Henry and Eunice (Loomis) Strong, was 
born in Colchester, Connecticut, September 
ID, 1846. He received his early education in 
the public schools and prepared for college 
at the Academy in Colchester, and at Phil- 
lips Academy, at Andover and Exeter. He 
entered Yale College, from which he was 
graduated A.B., class of 1873. His profes- 
sional education was obtained at Albany Law 
School, where he was graduated LL.B., 1874. 
He began the practice of law in Troy, but in 
September, 1874, located in Cohoes, where he 
formed a law partnership with George H. 
Fitts (in 1905 elected judge of' the supreme 
court, died December 17, 1909), under the 
firm name of Fitts & Strong. For about a 
year he was a partner with Frederick C. 
Webster, a Yale classmate, the firm being 
Strong & Webster. Since dissolving the lat- 
ter partnership he has practiced alone, with 
one exception, doing a general legal business, 
but confining his work as far as possible to 
an office practice in preference to the work 
of a courtroom. He is well vei"sed in the 
law and stands high in his profession. He is 
a Republican and always has taken an active, 
prominent part in city affairs, and as a dele- 
gate to county and state conventions has 
helped to shape the policy of his party. In 
1877 he served as city school commissioner; 
was city attorney from 1878 to 1885 and 
from 1896 to 1906; was elected mayor of the 
city of Cohoes in 1892, and in 1894 was 
elected to succeed himself. Other city offices 
of trust have been offered him and declined. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian church 
since settling in Cohoes. formerly of the 
Congregational church. lie is a member of 
Albany County and the New York State Bar 
associations and Alpha Delta Phi fraternity of 
Yale. He married, 'June 5, 1884. Esther 
Lucretia Hastings, of Schenectady. New 
York, who died April 22, 1901, daughter of 
Robert Hastings, born in Scotland, emigrat- 
ing to the United States when a young man. 
They have no issue. 

(The Loomis Line). 

Eunice (Loomis) Strong, wife of Edward 
Henry Strong, was a descendant in the eighth 
generation of the Loomis family in America 
founded by Joseph Loomis, a woolen dealer 



642 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



of Braintree, Essex county, England, who 
sailed from London, April 11, 1638, in the 
ship "Susan and Ellen," arriving in Boston 
harbor July 17, 1638. He settled in Windsor, 
Connecticut, where the town records state he 
had a tract of twenty-one acres adjoining the 
Farmington river, partly obtained by grant 
and partly by purchase. His house was situ- 
ated near the mouth of the river, and was 
called the "Island," from the fact that the 
spring tides converted it temporarily into an 
island. He settled at Windsor late in 1639, 
and brought a wife, five sons and three daugh- 
ters. He died November 25, 1658. 

(H) John, son of Joseph Loomis, was born 
in England, in 1622, and became a man of 
prominence in the town of Windsor, Con- 
necticut. He was deputy to the general court 
1666-67, '^nd from 1675 to 1687 inclusive. 
He signed his name John Loomys on a court 
document dated 1688. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Thomas Scott, of Hartford, Con- 
necticut. He was known as "Deacon John," 
and died September i, 1688. 

(HI) Thomas, son of Deacon John and 
Elizabeth (Scott) Loomis, was born in Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, December 3, 1653, died Au- 
gust 12, 1688. He married Sarah, daughter 
of Daniel White ; she survived him and mar- 
ried (second) John Bissel. 

(IV) Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) 
and Sarah (Whitq) Loomis, was born at 
Hatfield, Massachusetts, April 20, 1684, died 
April 30, 1765. Married (first) Elizabeth 
Fowler, (second) Hannah Hunt. 

(V) Thomas (3), son of Thomas (2) and 
Elizabeth (Fowler) Loomis, was born in Le- 
banon in 1714, died February 22, 1792. Mar- 
ried, November 17, 1734, Susanna Clark. 

(VI) Isaiah, son of Thomas (3) and Su- 
sanna (Clark) Loomis, was born at Lebanon, 
September 11, 1749, died November 20, 1834. 
He married, December 8, 1774, Abigail Wil- 
liams, born 1755, died July 12, 1826. 

(VII) Veach, son of Isaiah and Abigail 
(Williams) Loomis, was born at Lebanon, 
Connecticut, December 16, 1775, died there 
April 30, 1867. He was a farmer. He mar- 
ried Lucy Lathrop, who died there February 
27, 1855. 

(VIII) Eunice, daughter of Veach and 
Lucy (Lathrop) Loomis, married Edward 
Henry Strong (see Strong VIII). 



Burwell Betts, grandfather of 
BETTS the present generation of the 

Troy family under consideration, 
was the proprietor of a hotel at Brunswick, 
New York, which was his home until his 
death. He married, 1809, Martha Terry, 



born May 9, 1791, who bore him five chil- 
dren : Angeline, married Luther D. Eddy ; 
Charlotte; Nelson Benjamin, see forward; 
Almira; Nathan B. Burwell Betts died at 
Brunswick, May 9, 1825, aged forty years, 
and was there buried, but his remains were 
afterward removed and buried in Oakwood 
Cemetery, Troy. 

(II) Nelson Benjamin, eldest son of Bur- 
well and Martha (Terry) Betts, was born 
in Brunswick, New York, August 8, 1812, 
died February 10, 1887, at Troy, and is 
buried in Oakwood Cemetery. He removed 
to Troy and purchased land near the city, 
which he cultivated during the remainder of 
his days. He was a Whig and later a Re- 
publican in politics, and a member of the 
Presbyterian church. He married Lucy Ann 
Brown, the legally adopted daughter of John 
Thomas, of Brunswick, New York, who died 
December 17, 1855. Children: Martha, mar- 
ried Dr. C. H. Burbeck, of Troy, New York ; 
John Thomas, see forward; Stephen Win- 
chester, died young. 

(III) John Thomas, eldest son of Nelson 
Benjamin and Lucy A. (Brown) Betts, was 
born in Troy, New York, December 12, 
1844. He was educated in the Troy schools, 
reared to farm labor, and was his father's 
assistant until the death of the latter in 1887. 
He then inherited the farm, which is one 
of the best cultivated and most beautifully 
situated of any in the county. It occupies 
an eminence overlooking the valley of the 
Hudson river and the cities of Troy, Cohoes 
and Albany. With well-kept fields and or- 
chards, comfortable house and tasteful 
grounds, it is an ideal home. Mr. Betts was 
formerly a member of the school board, before 
the section in which he now resides became a 
part of the city of Troy. He belongs to the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity, belonging to lodge, 
chapter and commandery of Knights Tem- 
plar ; is also a member of the Shrine. He 
married, in Coeymans, New York, June 15. 
1882, Helen Elizabeth, born in Coeymans, 
daughter of John Wesley and Catherine 
(Blaisdell) Cook, of Coeymans, and a grand- 
daughter of Charles and Abigail Cook, who 
were the parents of Charles, Ransom, James, 
George, Alexander, John W^esley, Mary Ann, 
Elizabeth and Emily Cook. Charles Cook, 
Sr., was a carriage maker and resided for a 
time at Westerlo, Albany county, New York. 
John Wesley Cook, son of Charles and Abi- 
gail Cook, was born in Westerlo, died in 
Coeymans, New York, in 1889. His wife, 
Catherine (Blaisdell) Cook, died at Coeymans 
in 1907, aged about eighty years. Their chil- 




P(^.^ 7, S^u^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



643J 



dren were: i. Emma Alida. 2. Archie, of 
Coeymans. 3. Ransom, of Albany. 4. Mary 
Alice, married Joshua L. Coonley. 5. Helen 
Elizabeth, married John Thomas Betts. 6. 
Francis T., died at Coeymans. 7. Melvin, 
resides on the old Cook homestead farm at 
Coeymans. 8. Delia, resides at Coeymans. 
9. Byron E., deceased. 10. An infant, de- 
ceased. II. Orville, of Coeymans. Children 
of John Thomas and Helen Elizabeth (Cook) 
Betts: I. Nelson Benjamin, born March 13, 
1883, is his father's assistant on the farm. 
2. Martha Thomas, born August 24, 1888. 



The first settlement within the 
BETTS bounds of the present state of 
Connecticut was made in 1635, at 
Windsor, Hartford and Wethersfield. The 
first court was held in Hartford, April 26, 
1636, one of the magistrates being Andrew 
Ward, several of whose descendants inter- 
married with those of Thomas Betts, Ameri- 
can ancestor of the Troy family of that name. 
The lands along the Sound between "Quonek- 
tacut" and Quinnipac rivers, between Say- 
brook and New Haven, were unexplored until 
the Pequot war of 1637, and first became 
known during the pursuit of the Pequots 
westward. The first colony formed upon the 
Sound was at New Haven, 1638, and Guil- 
ford was the second. With the founding of 
the latter town commences the history of the 
Betts family in America. 

(I) Thomas Betts, ancestor of the Ameri- 
can family, was born in England, 1618, died 
in Norwalk, Connecticut, 1688. He came to 
America as early as 1639, being then twenty- 
one years of age, and became one of the 
founders of Guilford. No record has been 
found of the ship in which he came to Amer- 
ica. It is supposed that he came with rela- 
tives or friends, and being a minor his name 
may not have been recorded, as was often 
the case. From his association with Gov- 
ernor Leete and other Puritan forefathers, 
it is probable that religious persecution drove 
him from his native land. He brought with 
him a Bible dated 1591, which is still in pos- 
session of the family. Unfortunately, the 
first leaves, which may have recorded his 
father's name, are missing. The first record 
of Thomas Betts is also the earliest of any 
kind on the town records. In book A, p. i, 
court records, in Guilford, under date August 
14, 1645, it is recorded that "Mr. Samuel Dis- 
brow, Richard Bristow and Thomas Betts, 
members of the church, and Theo. French, 
planter, took their oath." This Samuel "Dis- 
brow," was a brother of Colonel Disborough, 
who married a sister of Oliver Cromwell, and 



was afterwards a member of parliament, and 
keeper of the great seal of Scotland. Thomas 
Betts received several allotments of land, be- 
ing one of the original forty settlers. His 
name does not appear among the signers of 
the "Guilford Plantation Covenant" which 
was drawn up and signed at sea, June i, 1639, 
and he therefore must have joined the colon- 
ists from overland. Besides the births of his 
children, there is little of him in the Guilford 
records from 1644 to 1657. On November 
17) 1657, he sold his "outlands," and three 
days later his home lot. He removed to Mil- 
ford, where he resided until 1660, when he 
purchased the home lot of Nathaniel Eli and' 
Ralph Keeler, in the town of Norwalk, which 
was ever afterward his home. The general 
assembly made him a freeman of the town, 
October 13, 1664, which made him eligible to 
hold office and proves him a member of the 
church. His taxable estate was valued in 
1671 at £146 IDs, and he appears in the cen- 
sus of 1672 with the largest family in town, 
consisting of eight children. There are many 
mentions of him in the records, usually con- 
veyances of land, etc. He was a man hon- 
ored and beloved. Two years before his 
death, "on December 24, 1686, the town did 
vote John Gregory Senr., Mr. Thomas Fitch 
and Thomas Betts Snr. for to be seated in 
the Round Seat." This was an especial mark 
of honor and respect, meaning a prominent 
position in the church, and only bestowed 
upon those most worthy. There is no record 

of the date of his marriage to Mary ; 

she may have come with him from England, 
but as his first child was born in 1644, and no 
records were kept in Guilford between 1639' 
and that date, it is very likely they were mar- 
ried in Guilford. Children of Thomas and 
Mary Betts : Thomas, of whom further ; 
Mary, John, Hannah, Stephen, Daniel, Sam- 
uel, James and Sarah. Mary, widow of 
Thomas Betts, survived him at least thirty- 
five years. She is of frequent mention in 
Norwalk records, and March 16, 1723-24, 
that town voted lands to "Mary Betts and 
Company." No record has been found of her 
death, and as she must have been at least 
twenty when her first child was born, in 1644, 
her age at the date of the last land grant in 
1724 was over one hundred years. 

(II) Thomas (2), eldest son of Thomas 
(i) and Mary Betts, was born in Guilford, 
Connecticut, 1644, died in 1717. He inherited 
and acquired an estate valued at £661 by 
appraisement after death. He appears to 
have been a prominent man both in church 
and town. He was selectman of Norwalk in 
1701-02, and represented Norwalk in the 



644 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



general assembly in 1692-94, 1704-05-07. He 
married, January 13, 1680, Sarah, daughter 
of Hon. Mathew Marvin (2), who was born 
in England in 1627, and came to America 
in the ship "Increase." Mathew (2) was a 
son of Hon. Mathew Marvin (i), one of 
the original grantors of Norwalk. Children 
of Thomas and Sarah (Marvin) Betts: 
Thomas, of whom further ; John, Sarah, 
Mathew, Mary and Elizabeth. 

(HI) Thomas (3), eldest son of Thomas 

(2) and Sarah (Marvin) Betts, was born in 
Norwalk, January 17, 1681-82, died 1761. 
The town granted to him and his brother 
John and others certain privileges, December 
15, 1709, on condition of the erection of a 
grist mill for grinding all the grain in town. 
His will, dated in February, 1761, proved 
December 31 following, established the fact 
of his death that year. He gave to his wife 
Deborah one-half of his house land in Canaan 
parish. The records show nothing further of 
her. Children of Thomas and Deborah Betts : 
Thomas, of whom further ; Elijah, Isaac, Re- 
becka. Elizabeth and Sarah. 

(IV) Thomas (4). eldest child of Thomas 

(3) and Deborah Betts, was born in Norwalk, 
1717, died 1787. "Thomas Betts Jr. took to 
wife Betty Benedict, daughter of Captain 
Thomas Benedict, and was married to her 
May 22, 1748." She was born March 14, 
1721, died May 21, 1782. His will, dated 
September 7, 1781, names children: Thomas, 
Hezekiah (see forward), Lydia and Susanna. 
Daughters Betty and Esther were deceased. 

(V) Captain Hezekiah, youngest child of 
Thomas (4) and Betty (Benedict) Betts, was 
born in Norwalk, July 31, 1760, died May 31, 
1837. He was a captain in the revolutionary 
army, and served under Major Wyllys and 
General Webb in the Yorktown campaign. On 
the night of October 21, 178 1, he led one 
division that attacked and captured the Brit- 
ish position, and received a wound that ended 
his military career. He married, October i, 
1785, Grace Hanford, born October 5, 1765, 
died March 27, 1840. Children: i. Rev. Al- 
fred Hanford, born September 2, 1786, died 
in Ohio, September, i860. . 2. Amaryllis, 
June 28, 1788, died May 23, 1813. 3. Robert 
Walker, August 23, 1790. 4. Mehitable, No- 
vember 25, 1792, died December 27, 1843; 
married Richard Scott, June 2, 181 1. 5. 
Henry, November 26, 1794 ; see forward. 6. 
Eliza Susan, July 8, 1797, died September i, 
1849. 7. Rev. Xenophon, September 22, 
1799. 8. Eulalie, October 13, 1802; married 
Horace A. Gibbs. 9. Juliette. 10. Harriet. 
II. Solomon Egbert, December 23, 1809, died 
November 11, 1812. 



(VI) Henry, fifth child of Captain Heze- 
kiah and Grace (Hanford) Betts, was born 
in Norwalk, November 26, 1794, died 1881. 
He was a noted inventor and chemist. He 
was credited with inventions that increased 
the efficiency of the Hoe printing press and 
made it a wonderful success. He was in- 
terested in the early manufacture of steel, and 
invented some of the important and valuable 
processes now in use. He was interested in 
railroads and manufacturing. He invented 
a process for making paper from straw, and 
brought forth many other inventions now in 
general use. He married Mary Ketchum, 
born in Norwalk, died in Troy, New York, 
1866. 

(VII) Edgar Ketchum, only child of Henry 
and Mary (Ketchum) Betts, was born in 
Norwalk, June 22, 1842. His education was 
obtained at his mother's knee and in the 
public school. He was a slight, delicate child. 
At an early age he worked for a year in a 
dry goods store, his compensation being room, 
board, cloth enough for a suit, and ten dollars 
in money. This was the beginning of his 
business career. He located in Troy, New 
York, 1856, and entered the mercantile house 
of his uncle, James E. Keeler, later becoming 
owner of the business, which he conducted 
until the breaking out of the civil war. He 
later formed a partnership with a Mr. Med- 
bury, with whom he continued several years 
in the dry goods business. He then opened 
a store in Lansingburg, which he conducted 
for some years. In 1876 he entered the em- 
ploy of Earl & Wilson, collar manufacturers, 
subsequently becoming a member of the firm, 
and continued in business as senior member 
of the firm until his death, 1908. He was 
inventor of some of the best selling specialties 
of the firm, which was everywhere known as 
leaders in their lines of manufacture. Mr. 
Betts was also prominent in banking and 
commercial life. He was vice-president of 
the Union National Bank and director of the 
Security Trust Company. His interest in 
educational affairs was attested by zealous 
and intelligent service as president on the 
Lansingburg board of education, and as a 
trustee of the Emma Willard School. He 
was a member of the Sons of the Revolution, 
the New England Society of New York City, 
the Troy Club, the Riverside Club of Lan- 
singburg. In all matters affecting the per- 
sonal welfare of friends and acquaintances he 
was always to be relied upon for sympathy 
and aid. He was a communicant of the 
Protestant Episcopal church until 1888, when 
he became interested in Christian Science, 
embraced that faith with all the earnestness 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



645 



of his nature, and was ever afterward one of 
its most loyal supporters. He was a Republican 
in politics, but would never accept public 
office. 

Mr. Betts married, 1875, Harriet Louisa 
Gardner, of Lansingburg, daughter of Jef- 
ferson Gardner, the pioneer in the application 
of the sewing machine to the collar industry. 
In 1888 Mr. and Mrs. Betts joined, in Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, the last class ever in- 
structed by Mrs. Eddy, founder of the Chris- 
tian Science faith. Mrs. Betts returned to 
her home in Troy, after finishing her course 
of study, and in association with her husband 
was instrumental in founding the Christian 
Science Church in that city. When the con- 
gregation numbered thirty persons, a church 
was planned and built, at a cost of $30,000, 
and dedicated free from debt. Mr. and Mrs. 
Betts were the prime movers in the enter- 
prise, toward which they contributed gener- 
ously. Mrs. Betts was for many years the 
first reader of the church. She continued to 
reside in Troy, where are her dearest in- 
terests — her children and her church. 

Children of Edgar Ketchum and Harriet 
Louisa (Gardner) Betts: i. Anson Gardner, 
a chemist, and, like his grandfather and 
father, an inventor; graduated Sheffield Sci- 
entific School, Yale University, 1897, Colum- 
bia University, 1898; married Grace Tomp- 
kins ; one child, John W., born July 17, 1909. 
.2. Edgar Hayes, graduated at Yale Univer- 
sity, 1898; is a corporation member of Earl 
& Wilson Manufacturing Company ; married 
May L. Gurley ; children : Louise, Robert 
Thatcher and Barbara. 3. Ethel Keeler, grad- 
uate of Smith College, 1902, married Walter 
B. Barnhisel, graduate of Leland Stanford 
University, California, and a member of the 
Washington State bar ; one child : Lois, born 
January 11, 1909. 4. Arthur Wilson, grad- 
uate of University of Wisconsin, 1909, and 
member of the Sigma Nu fraternity ; with 
Earl & Wilson Manufacturing Company; un- 
married. 



This is a surname derived 
WEBSTER from the occupation of the 

owner, in this case that of 
weaving. It is the feminine form of Webba, 
the general term, Webber masculine, Webster 
feminine. 

(I) John Webster came to Ipswich, Mas- 
sachusetts, from Ipswich, county Suffolk, 
England, 1631. He was made a freeman, 
March 4, 1635. He married Mary Shatswell, 
sister of John, who remembered her in his 
will, made in 1646, after she had become a 
widow, thus : "To my sister Webster about 



seven yards of stuff to make her a sutte." 
John Webster died about 1642, leaving chil- 
dren : John (2), Stephen, Hannah, Elizabeth, 
Israel and Nathan. 

(II) Stephen, son of John and Mary 
(Shatswell) Webster, was born in Ipswich, 
Massachusetts, died in Haverhill, August 10, 
1694. He moved with his mother and step- 
father, John Emery, to Newbury, and then to 
Haverhill, Massachusetts, 1653. He was a 
tailor by trade. He married (first) Hannah, 
daughter of John Ayer, of Salisbury, March 
24, 1662-63 ; she died June 2, 1676. He mar- 
ried (second) Mrs. Judith Broad, a widow, 
May 26, 1678. Children of Stephen and 
Hannah (Ayer) Webster: Hannah, John, 
Mary, Stephen, Nathan and Abigail. 

(HI) Nathan, son of Stephen and Han- 
nah (Ayer) Webster, was born November 14, 
1674, died August 16, 1741. He married 
Sarah Low, who died April 7, 1741. Chil- 
dren : Sarah, Martha, Thomas, Nathan, Jona- 
than, Nathan and David. 

(IV) Jonathan, son of Nathan and Sarah 
(Low) Webster, was born December 13, 
1713. He married, October 25, 1739, Abi- 
gail Duston (or Dustin), born December 14, 
1718, died August 28, 1782. Abigail Duston 
was a granddaughter of Thomas and Hannah 
Duston, who are famed for courageous ac- 
tions during the first Indian general attack 
on Haverhill, Massachusetts, March 15, 1697; 
he for his bravery in saving his seven chil- 
dren from capture, and she for her endurance 
in braving the rigors of a winter of Indian 
captivity, escaping in the spring with Mary 
Neff, another prisoner, and a boy, after they 
had slain and scalped ten of their Indian cap- 
tors. A monument in Haverhill commemor- 
ates her bravery, 2nd another, on Dustin's 
Island, where the Indians were killed. Chil- 
dren of Jonathan and Abigail Webster : Enos, 
Nathan, Mary, Abigail, Jonathan, David, 
Stephen, see forward ; Isaiah, Joshua, Abi- 
gail, Martha and Caleb. 

(V) Stephen (2), son of Jonathan and Abi- 
gail (Duston) Webster, was born in Haver- 
hill, Massachusetts, died in Concord, New 
Hampshire, April 24, 1845. He was a sol- 
dier of the revolution and served through 
three campaigns. He was engaged at the 
battles of Saratoga. Stony Point and Dia- 
mond Island. In 1803 he removed to Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, where he died. He 
married Chloe Wheeler, born in Salem, New 
Hampshire, November 28, 1760, died January 
TO, 1838. Children: x. Jonathan, see for- 
ward. 2. Stephen, born October 4, 1781 ; 
married Anne Woodman. 3. Richard, July 
22, 1783: married Rhoda Abbott. 4. Esther, 



646 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



June 14, 1786; married Moses Belknap, son 
of Admiral Belknap, U. S. N. 5. David, 
January 4, 1790; married May Wilson. 6. 
Daniel, January 28, 1793 ; married Abigail 
Woodman. 7. Susanna, January 28, 1796; 
married Nathan Call. 8. Atkinson, Decem- 
ber 27, 1797; married Rebecca Smart. 9. 
James, April 25, 1800; married Mary E. 
Moody. 

(VI) Jonathan (2), eldest son of Stephen 
(2) and Chloe (Wheeler) Webster, was born 
April II, 1780, died in Concord, New Hamp- 
shire. He lived in Augusta, Maine, for a 
time, then removed to Concord, where he 
lived until his death. He married Elcy Has- 
kell in December, 1808, probably at Augusta, 
as there she was born and in 1823 died. Chil- 
dren : I. Elcy, born 1804. 2. Caroline, 1812. 
3. Stephen, 1814. 4. Susan, 1817. 5. Joshua, 
1819. 6. Jasper, see forward. 7. Mary, 1823. 

(VH) Jasper, sixth child and youngest 
son of Jonathan and Elcy (Haskell) Web- 
ster, was born in Augusta, Maine, July 14, 
1821, died in Troy, New York, November 25, 
1898, where he is buried in beautiful "Oak- 
wood." He was educated in Augusta, where 
his mother died when he was but two years 
old. He was taken and tenderly reared by 
his Grandmother Haskell, with whom he 
lived for many years. He began work on the 
railroad at the age of sixteen, a line of busi- 
ness he never abandoned. He rose rapidly 
and was soon in charge of other men and 
their work. He was roadmaster with the 
Boston & Maine railroad, and later became 
master of all their bridge construction. In 
the latter work he was an expert not only 
in construction but in planning. His work 
took him over the entire Boston & Maine sys- 
tem, necessitating his being almost constantly 
away from his home, which was at Troy, 
New York. He was very domestic in his 
tastes, fond of home, family and his books. 
He was a member of the Episcopal church 
and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Mr. Webster married. November 17, 1856, 
Emily De Silva Cushing, born January 29, 
1830, in Troy, New York (see Cushing VII). 
Children: i. Emily De Silva (2), resides in 
Troy with her mother. 2. Daniel, born July 
21, i860, died February 24, 1862. 3. Edward 
A., December 20, 1862 ; married Virginia 
Price, June 29, 1896, and has a son Theodore, 
born in Troy. August 9, 1899. 4. Dr. Stephen 
Henry, October 27, 1865, in Troy; studied 
medicine at Albany, New York, and Poly- 
clinic Institute, New York City, also in Eu- 
rope, and became one of the best known, 
popular and skillful physicians of the city, 
where he died January 6, 1899. He married 



Mabel Carpenter and left no issue. 5. Jasper 
C, a twin of Dr. Siepnen, married Kate 
Spicer and has Edward, born February 3, 
1891 ; Howard, July 25, 1893, and Stephen 
R., March 7, 1896. 6. Elcy W., resides in 
Troy with her mother and sister, Emily De 
Silva. 

(The Cushing Line). 

"Few families in the country have been 
more celebrated than the Cushings, and 
probably none has furnished more judges 
for our Probate, Municipal and Supreme 
Courts." (Barry's History of Hanover, 
Mass.) The derivation of the name is some- 
what uncertain. The present form is used 
by all the American descendants of Matthew 
Cushing, and the English and Irish branches 
use the same spelling. In various wills and 
deeds made prior to the sixteenth century the 
name is spelled in so many different ways 
that it would tax one's ingenuity to find an- 
other. The different families used coats-of- 
arms of varying device, there being no one in 
general use. The only crest widely used by 
the family is as follows: "Two lion's gambo 
erased sable supporting a ducal coronet or, 
from which hangs a human heart gules." 
The motto, "Virtute et numine" (by valor 
and divine aid), has also been in general use. 
The English ancestry is traced to William 
Cushing (Cusuyn or Cusseyn), born during 
the fourteenth century, and from him through 
eight generations to Matthew, American an- 
cestor and emigrant. Peter, father of Mat- 
thew Cushing, was born at Hardingham, 
England. His wife was Susan Hawes. Peter 
was probably the first of the family to em- 
brace the Protestant religion, as the wills of 
his father and eldest brother are not in the 
Protestant form. 

(I) Matthew, son of Peter and Susan 
(Hawes) Cushing, was born in Hardingham, 
England, where he was baptized March 2, 
1589. He married Nazareth, daughter of 
Henry Pitcher, of the famous Admiral Pitcher 
family. He lived in Hardingham and Hing- 
ham, Norfolk county, England, the first fifty 
years of his life, until 1638, when with his 
wife and five children he embarked in the ship 
"Diligent," John Martin, master, from 
Gravesend, April 26, 1638, and landed in Bos- 
ton, Massachusetts, August 10, 1638. He lo- 
cated at Hingham, Massachusetts, so named 
after his former English home. A house lot 
of five acres was granted him, that was in pos- 
session of the family until 1887. He was a 
deacon of the church, and it is well estab- 
lished that he was the progenitor of all the 
United States and Canada Cushings excepting 
arrivals during the past century. Children, all 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



647 



born in Hingham, England : Daniel, Jere- 
miah, Matthew (2), Deborah and John. 

(H) John, youngest son of Matthew and 
Nazareth (Pitcher) Gushing, was born in 
Hingham, England, 1627, died in Scituate, 
Massachusetts, March 31, 1708. His life was 
spent in the public service. He was surveyor 
of highways, collector of excises, many times 
deputy to the colony, selectman twelve years, 
county magistrate seven years, assistant to 
the Plymouth Colony government, represen- 
tative to the general court for several years, 
member of the council and colonel of the 
Plymouth regiment. His wife was Sarah 
Hawke ; children : John, Thomas, Matthew, 
see forward ; Jeremiah, James, Joshua, Sarah, 
Caleb, Deborah, Mary, Joseph and Benjamin. 

(HI) Matthew (2), third son of John and 
Sarah (Hawke) Cushing, was born in Scitu- 
ate, Massachusetts, in February, 1665, died 
May 18, 171 5. He was a wheelwright, and 
by earnings and inheritance became very 
wealthy for his day, his estate appraising 
^2,535. He was selectman in 1703-04- 13- 14. 
He married Deborah, daughter of Captain 
John Jacob, of the influential and wealthy 
Jacob family. Children, all born in Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts: Jacob, Matthew (3), 
see forward ; Deborah, Hezekiah, Rachel, Jo- 
siah, Sarah and Noah. 

(IV) Matthew (3), second son of Mat- 
thew (2) and Deborah (Jacob) Cushing, was 
born May 22, 1698. He married Mary, 
daughter of Josiah Leavitt, and granddaugh- 
ter of Deacon John Leavitt, of Hingham, 
Massachusetts. About 1718 they removed to 
Rehoboth, where all their children were born: 
Mary, Deborah, Rachel, Margaret, Sarah, 
Matthew (4), see forward; Leavitt, Ruth, 
married Lieutenant Kent, a hero of the 
French, Indian and revolutionary wars. 

(V) Matthew (4), eldest son of Matthew 
(3) and Mary (Leavitt) Cushing, was born 
July 29, 1730, died in December, 1813. He 
removed to Vermont. His first wife was 
Priscilla Smith, who bore him a son, Matthew 
(5). He married (second) Abigail Titus; 
children : Noah, see forward ; Benjamin, Jo- 
seph, Molly (i), Molly (2), Benjamin (2) 
and Asaph. 

(VI) Noah, eldest child of Matthew (4) 
and his second wife, Abigail (Titus) Cushing, 
was born in Rehoboth, Massachusetts, June 
9, 1752. He removed to Rockingham, Ver- 
mont, where he died. His wife was Abigail 
Seackling; children: Noah, settled at Three 
Rivers, Quebec ; Abigail ; Matthew ; Melinda ; 
Jason, settled in ]\Iichigan ; Charles, settled in 
the west ; Dennis, settled in Michigan ; Levi ; 
Alvin Duncan, see forward ; Hannah ; Eliza- 



beth. It is supposed the daughters went to 
Maine ; one married a Baptist minister. 

(VII) Alvin Drmcan, youngest son of Noah 
and Abigail (Seackling) Cushing, was born 
in Linden, Vermont, February 21, 1800, died 
in Troy, New York, January 3, 1855. He 
removed to Troy early in life. He learned 
the trade of gunsmith and was in business 
there until his death. He was a public- 
spirited man and did his part well in the up- 
building of a town. He held some of the city 
offices, and was a member of the Troy City 
Band, a famous musical organization in the 
"forties." He married Emily De Silva De 
Souza, born in Lansingburg, New York, Oc- 
tober 23, 1805, died in Troy, February 12, 
1856. Children: i. Joseph A., born Septem- 
ber 24, 1826. 2. Josiah Jason Imanuel, June 
15, 1828. 3. Emily De Silva (Mrs. Jasper 
Webster: see Webster VII). 4. Edward 
Gayus, December 23, 1831. 5. Mary Jane, 
1834. 6. Delia Bradshaw, May 12, 1836. 7. 
Sarah Ann, March 12, 1839. 8. Julia Adien- 
court. May 8, 1841. 



The Frame family is of record 
FRAME in the colony of Connecticut 

prior to the revolutionary war, 
as shown in land transactions, although the 
connection between them and the family later 
of Ulster county, New York, cannot be "traced. 
Following the trend of emigration, the family, 
no doubt after the war, migrated to New 
York state, where three brothers, Anthony, 
Andrew and John, are found. Anthony 
Frame went west and all trace is lost. An- 
drew settled in Schenectady, New York, where 
he was in the employ of the (now) New 
York Central Railroad as engineer, and later 
as foreman in the railroad shops. He died in 
1890, and is buried in Vale Cemetery. He 
married Rebecca Van Voast, born in Schenec- 
tady, where she died in old age. Child, John, 
deceased, leaving a widow. Jane Frame, a 

sister of Andrew, married Allen, and 

settled in Chatham, New York. Their son, 
Samuel Allen, was a merchant of Chatham, 
and had a daughter Mary, who married 
Charles Wilcox. 

(I) John Frame was born in Ulster county. 
New York, and came to Schenectady when a 
young man. He was an engineer on New 
York Central until his death, aged over sixty 
years. He was a member of the Brotherhood 
of Locomotive Engineers, an attendant of the 
First Reformed Church, and a Democrat. He 
married Sarah Ann Ouderkirk, a descendant 
of Jan Janse Ouderkirk. of Beverwyck. She 
was born in 1822, died in 1906, daughter of 
Adrian and Jane (Van Slyck) Ouderkirk. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



She was a member of the First Reformed 
Church. Children : Margaret, George, An- 
drew, died in childhood, William Henry. 

(II) William Henry, son of John and Sarah 
Ann (Ouderkirk) Frame, was born August 
31, 1846, died March 16, 1904. He learned 
the machinist's trade in the New York Cen- 
tral shops, and after a few years was pro- 
moted to be an engineer, spending a great 
many years in that position, and was noted 
as a capable, careful engineer, never having 
had an accident. He later resigned from the 
road and took a position as engineer with the 
General Electric Company at Schenectady, 
where he remained until death. He was a 
well known, highly respected man, member 
of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
the Reformed church, and the Masonic fra- 
ternity. He married, September 15, 1869, 
Elizabeth Veeder Moon, born in Schenectady, 
August 16, 1848, who survives him, a resident 
of Schenectady, and a member of the First 
Reformed Church. She is a daughter of 
George W. and Catherine (Rosa) Moon. 
.George W. Moon was born of English par- 
ents in the city of New York, in 1814. He 
settled early in life in Schenectady, where he 
operated a bakery, and died November 18, 
1880. He was a member of the First Re- 
formed Church and a Republican. Catherine 
Rosa, born July, 1817, died January 6, 1883, 
daughter of James and Deborah (Hall) Rosa, 
of Schenectady, old settlers and old in years. 
Children of William and Elizabeth Veeder 
(Moon) Frame: i. William, born October 
ID, 1872 ; clerk in the General Electric Works ; 
married Lillian Truax Maginnis ; has a son 
Ralph, born June 30, 1907. 2. Leah H., born 
August 3, 1874; educated in Schenectady; 
member of the First Reformed Church ; mar- 
ried Louis M. Wilson, born in Michigan, May 
20, 1868; graduate of Tuiifts College, class 
of 1892, son of Edmond and Emma (Lind- 
ley) Wilson, of Rowe, Massachusetts, who 
have other sons, Edward and Percy. Louis 
M. Wilson is an electrical engineer, and they 
have two sons, Theodore Frame, born De- 
cember 4, 1900 ; Raymond Lindley, September 
25, 1902. 

1 

The Pine family were originally 
PINE early settlers of Connecticut. From 
there they crossed over to Long 
Island, New York, and settled at Hempstead, 
which was the family home for many gener- 
ations. The family in Troy, New York, de- 
scend from James Pine, of Hempstead. 

The earliest of the name in the town rec- 
ords of Hempstead is on page 21, volume i — 
"Jeames Pyne hath forteen gottes ;" this was 



on April 16, 1657. Again in June, 1657, he 
had at pasture on "the Neck," according to 
the records, "Jeames pine five" (cows). In 
a list of the inhabitants of Hempstead who 
had allotments of meadow we find : "James 
Pine hath thirty one Akers." November 29, 
1658, he was allotted ten acres on condition 
he should "fence and improve it." February 
3, 1659, among "The publick debts and 
charges of the towne" is this item : "James 
Pine for drink expended upon the saggamore 
and for laying out ye towne bounds" £1 5s. 
February 16, 1660, he was chosen "Towns 
man for the ensuing year." He had trouble 
with his neighbors and was hailed to court 
to answer to a charge of "trespass," together 
with his son James (2) and two others, Sam- 
uel and Nathaniel Pine. In 1682 he sub- 
scribed £2 to the minister's salary. In 1694 
"Jeames Pine was chosen Constable." The 
Hempstead records contain constant refer- 
ences to James Pine and family. They pos- 
sessed much land and seem to have been an 
energetic, aggressive family. James Pine (i) 

married Hannah and had a large 

family. 

(II) James (2), son of James (i) and 
Hannah Pine, was born most likely in Con- 
necticut, about the year 1650. He is of fre- 
quent mention in the records of Hempstead. 
He had land granted him and acquired more 
by purchase. He held some of the public 
offices of the town and was a well-to-do man. 
He married and had issue. 

(III) James (3), son of James (2) Pine, 
was born in Hempstead, Long Island, about 
1690. He married, August 21, 1726, Grace 
Carman and had issue. 

(IV) James (4), son of James (3) Pine, 
was born 1738; was a farmer and a Quaker. 
He married Mary Buckhout and had issue. 

(V) Joshua, son of James (4) and Mary 
(Buckout) Pine, was born in 1781, at Hemp- 
stead, Long Island, died near Hoosac Corners, 
Rensselaer county. New York. He was the 
first of the family to settle in Rensselaer 
county. He married, in Hempstead, Betsey 
Cottrell and had issue. 

(VI) James (5), son of Joshua and Bet- 
sey (Cottrell) Pine, was born in Hoosac, 
Rensselaer county. New York, February 9, 
1815. He grew up in Hoosac, where he was 
educated, and began his long and active busi- 
ness life, first as clerk in a store, then as a 
merchant, then insurance agent. He was also 
in public life at an early age, being inspector 
of the turnpike and constable when only 
twenty-one years of age. He studied law and 
was admitted to the bar, but only practiced 
for a short time. He was of an inventive, • 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



649 



mechanical turn of mind and brought out a 
number of useful patents of various kinds. 
For a number of years he was with the Wal- 
ter A. Wood Company, manufacturers of 
farming machinery and implements. After 
leaving that company he located in Troy, 
where he established a plant for the manufac- 
ture of his own patents and applied them to 
the different implements. He continued in 
business until his years compelled him to re- 
tire. He is now in his ninety-fifth year, and 
on November 4, 1909, went to the polls and 
voted in company with his son, grandsons and 
great-grandsons, four generations voting to- 
gether. He is still quite active, goes out every 
fair day unattended, and in possession of all 
his mental faculties. He is a most wonder- 
fully preserved man, has the appearance and 
acts more like a man of seventy than of ninety- 
five years. He is a Republican in politics. 
He married Sarah Ouderkirk, born February 
14, 1815, died May, 1893. Children: i. Al- 
vina Elizabeth, married C. E. Wright, of 
Chicago, Illinois, and had Stella Elizabeth, 
Ada Jane, Thurlow, Caroline E., and Jennie 
T. Wright. 2. J. Le Roy. 3. James K. Pope, 
see forward. 

(VH) James K. P., son of James (5) and 
Sarah (Ouderkirk) Pine, was born in Hoosac, 
Rensselaer county, New York, November 21, 
1841. He was educated in the public school 
and at Ball's Academy, Hoosac Falls. In 
i860 he located in Troy, where he began his 
business life as a clerk for Coon & Van Val- 
kenburg, collar manufacturers. In 1862 he 
began business on his own account, later be- 
coming a member of the firm of Cole, Dyer 
& Pine, collar manufacturers. There were 
several changes in the firm, but Mr. Pine al- 
ways retained his interest and was the senior 
partner of Pine & Hamlin in 1880, when his 
partner, Myron Hamlin, died. During the 
succeeding ten years he conducted the entire 
business alone. In 1884 he erected the pres- 
ent factory in Lansingburg. In 1890 the 
United Shirt & Collar Company was incor- 
porated that included the entire business. Mr. 
Pine was chosen first treasurer, in 1893 be- 
came vice-president, and on the death of S. B. 
Sanford became president of the company, 
August, 1906. He was succeeded as treas- 
urer by his son, Charles L. Pine. Other busi- 
ness and financial enterprises claim a share 
of his energy and business ability. He has 
been president of the People's Bank of Lan- 
singburg since its incorporation in 1889 ; was 
a director of the Troy City National Bank 
until succeeded by the Security Trust Com- 
pany, of which he is a vice-president : trustee 
of the Troy Savings Bank ; stockholder of the 



Record Publishing Company of Troy ; direc- 
tor of Ostrander Fire Brick Company, and 
was trustee of the Young Woman's Associa- 
tion. He is a thorough man of business and 
closely identified with the welfare and prog- 
ress of his city. He is a man of versatile 
attainments and finds something worth while 
in all departments of city life. He is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church and for the 
past twenty-five years has been an elder. In 
politics he is keenly alive to his responsibility 
as a citizen, supports the Republican party, 
but is not an unreasonable partisan. He be- 
longs to the clubs of his city, holding mem- 
bership in the Troy, Riverside and Republi- 
can clubs. In Masonry he has attained the 
thirty-second degree in the Scottish Rite and 
in the York has all the degrees, of lodge, chap- 
ter and commandery. He married, in 1865, 
Clara M. Adams, of Troy, New York. Chil- 
dren : I. Charles Le Roy, married Grace Kel- 
logg; children: Ruth K. and James P. 2. 
Kate, married John A. Kimberly ; child, Al- 
fred K. 3. Bessie Hamblin. 4. Clara Louise, 
married the Rev. A. M. Briggs, of New Jer- 
sey. 5. Warren Adams, married Marie Lock- 
wood, of New York ; child, Warren Adams, 
Jr. 

Essex county, England, is the 
KELLOGG earliest home of the Kelloggs 

so far as traced. The origin 
of the name and family is the cause of much 
controversy. It has been spelled in various 
and many ways, Keylogg — a locksmith, and 
Great Britain as the original home of the 
family seems the most probable. Braintree, 
in Essex, about forty miles northeast of Lon- 
don, was the earliest home of the Kelloggs 
whose line we trace. The parish register 
(1660) spells the name Kallogg, Kelhogg, 
Kellog, Celog, Callog, and Kellock. There 
being no universal orthography, each clerk 
spelled the name as he thought proper. Phil- 
lippe Kellogg, possibly a son of Thomas and 
grandson of Nicholas of Debden, is the first 
of the name in England from whom the 
Kelloggs of America can with certainty trace 
their descent. He first appears in Bocking 
Essex, a parish adjoining Braintree, Septem- 
ber 15, 1583. His son Martin was baptized in 
Great Leighs, Essex county. England, No- 
vember 23, 1595. He married Prudence Bird. 
Of their children, John, Nathaniel, Sarah and 
Martin lived and died in England. Joseph, 
American progenitor, Daniel and Samuel 
came to America. The first Kellogg whose 
name appears on New England records is 
Nathaniel, son of Phillippe of Great Leighs, 
Essex county, England. His name, "Natha 



L 



650 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Calaug," is the ninth name in a Hst of such 
"Inhabitants as were granted lotts to have 
onely at The Townes Countesie with Hberty 
to fetch wood & keepe swine or cowes By 
proportion in the Common. 14 Jan 1639." 
Hartford, Connecticut. He was an uncle of 
Lieutenant Joseph, whom we name the immi- 
grant ancestor of the line under consideration. 
(I) Lieutenant Joseph Kellogg, son of Mar- 
tin and Prudence (Bird) Kellogg, was bap- 
tized in Great Leighs, England, April i, 1626, 
died in Hadley, Massachusetts, between June 
27, 1707, the date of his will, and February 
4, 1708, when it was proved. It is not known 
in what year he came to America. He was in 
Farmington, Connecticut, 165 1, where he was 
an early settler and several times selectman. 
He and his wife were "joined" to the church, 
October 9, 1653. His home lot in Boston, 
Massachusetts, consisted of four acres ; a part 
of it is now covered by the Advertiser build- 
ing on Washington street, and is one of the 
most valuable parcels of land in Boston. He 
removed from Boston to Hadley and was one 
of the proprietors. In 1661 the town made 
an agreement with him to keep the ferry be- 
tween Hadley and Northampton. The agree- 
ment is a very curious document, stipulating 
rates on dark nights, stormy weather, late 
hours, etc. This ferry was in the family 
nearly a century. He was selectman in Had- 
ley 1665-74-77-78-79-85-92, school committee 
in 1686. The general court of Massachusetts 
appointed him, May 9, 1678, ensign in the 
Foot Company in Hadley, and October 7, 
same year, lieutenant in the same company. 
He served in that office until 1692, making his 
military service cover a period of twenty- 
nine years. Captain Aaron Cook, who was 
appointed captain when Joseph was appointed 
ensign, served thirty-five years, until 1713. 
This explains why Joseph got no higher rank 
than lieutenant. He was in command of the 
Hadley troops at the famous "Turners Falls" 
fight, which broke the power of the river 
tribes. When he settled in Hadley, in 1661, 
his estate was assessed at one hundred 
pounds ; at the time of his death his personal 
estate alone was inventoried at four hundred 
pounds. He was the father of twenty chil- 
dren, fourteen of whom arrived at maturity. 
He seems to have been an energetic, strong, 
sturdy character, an affectionate, just husband 
and father. He distributed his estate fairly, 
and there was no dissension. He married, in 

England, Joanna ; she died in Hadley, 

Massachusetts, September 14, 1666. He mar- 
ried (second) Abigail Terry, born in Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, September 21, 1646, daugh- 
ter of Stephen, born in Wiltshire, England. 



Her will was proved October 31, 1726. Abi- 
gail was before the court in 1673, charged as 
one who "wore silk contrary to law." She 
was acquitted. Children by first wife, Joanna, 
were : Elizabeth ; Joseph, who was fined ten 
shillings for "having travelled till midnight in 
the night before the Sabbath" ; Nathaniel ; 
John, see forward; Martin, Edward, Samuel, 
Joanna and Sarah. By his second wife, born 
in Hadley: Stephen, Nathaniel, Abigail, 
Elizabeth, Prudence, Ebenezer, Jonathan, 
Daniel, Joseph (on his gravestone in Hadley 
he is called "A worthy gentleman"), Daniel 
and Ephraim. 

(II) John, son of Lieutenant Joseph and 
Joanna Kellogg, was baptized in Farmington, 
Connecticut, December 29, 1656, died in Had- 
ley, Massachusetts, between 1723 and 1728. 
He resided in Farmington and Hadley. He 
succeeded to the ferry in Hadley founded by 
his father. His name appears in a list of 
those owning the largest estates in Hadley in 
1720. At one time he resided in the Hopkins 
School House in Hadley. He married (first), 
in Hadley, December 23, 1680, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Samuel and Sarah (Deming) Aloody. 
She died in Farmington, September 10, 1689. 

He married (second) Ruth . Children 

by first wife, all born in Hadley : Sarah, John, 
Joseph, see forward ; Samuel, and an un- 
named son. Children by second wife : Ruth, 
Joanna, Esther, Abigail, John and James. 

(HI) Joseph (2), son of John and Sarah 
(Moody) Kellogg, was born in Hadley, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 6, 1685. He was a 
weaver and resided in South Hadley. In 1788, 
several years after his death, his son John was 
appointed administrator of this estate. He 
married, March 15, 171 1, Abigail, born Oc- 
tober 10, 1692, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Abigail (Broughton) Smith. Their children, 
all born in South Hadley, were : Abigail, 
Sarah, Ebenezer, see forward ; Ruth, Martha, 
Esther, Joseph (3), John, Rachel, Jabez and 
Eunice. 

(IV) Ebenezer, eldest son of Joseph (2) 
and Abigail (Smith) Kellogg, was born in 
South Hadley, Massachusetts, December 26, 
1715. He resided in South Hadley. His 
name appears in the muster roll of Colonel 
Dwight's regiment on the western frontier, 
August II and 21, 1748. He married, De- 
cember 15, 1748. Mrs. Sarah Snow, widow of 
Josiah, of Norwich, Connecticut, and South 
Hadley. Their children were: Amos, Lois, 
Sarah, Josiah, Ebenezer, Seth, see forward ; 
Ruth. Sallie and Rufus. 

(V) Seth, sixth child and third son of 
Ebenezer and Sarah (Snow) Kellogg, was 
born in South Hadley, Massachusetts, Sep- 



I 





^^^^ 



'^ 



U/^' 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



651 



tember 5, 1767, died in West Galway, New 
York, January 7, 1847. He removed to West 
Galway, New York, about 1792. He was a 
carpenter. He is said to have been about five 
feet eight inches in height, with dark hair, 
broad forehead, black eyes, nose slightly Ro- 
man, He married. May 3, 1787, Naomi Par- 
sons, born August 21, 1768. After her hus- 
band's death she resided with her son Jo- 
seph in Springwater, One of Seth's sons, 
James Madison, was a noted lecturer in phren- 
ology and for fifteen years travelled con- 
stantly, lecturing on that subject. The chil- 
dren, two of whom were born in South Had- 
ley, the others in West Galway, New York, 
were: Nancy, Supplina, see forward, Russell, 
Naomi, Joseph, Silence, Benjamin Franklin, 
John and James Madison. 

(VI) Supplina, eldest son of Seth and 
Naomi (Parsons) Kellogg, was born in South 
Hadley, Massachusetts, November 27, 1789, 
died in West Galway, February 8, 1845. 
Shortly after his birth it is probable his father 
removed to New York state, as his brother 
Russell, the next eldest child, was born in 
West Galway, January 16, 1794. He was a 
wool carder and cloth dresser. In 1824 he 
began the manufacture of linseed oil in West 
Galway, 'New York. He began modestly 
with a small hand mill, having a capacity of 
two barrels daily. He increased this output 
to six barrels. This was the foundation on 
which was to be built the present immense 
linseed oil and by-products business of his 
son, John Kellogg. 



Supplina Kellogg married, about 1812, 
Susan A., born in Kingston, Rhode Island, 
July 31, 1792, died in West Galway, New 
York, about 1870; daughter of Dr. John Al- 
drich, of Rhode Island, born in Hopkinton, 
April I, 1769, of the famous family of that 
name. Dr. Aldrich was one of the pioneer 
physicians of Kingston. He was a soldier of 
the war of 1812, taken prisoner and sent to 
England, where he was confined for some 
time on a prison-ship. His wife was Eliza- 
beth Thurston, who died in Kingston, Rhode 
Island, May 23, 1837. The children of Sup- 
plina and Susan A. (Aldrich) Kellogg, all 
born in West Galway, were: i. Emily, Sep- 
tember 18, 1813, died at Medina, New York, 
January 30, 1836. 2, Lauren, May 28, 1816, 
died aged six years. 3. Lauren (2), January 
21, 1824; married Elizabeth Miller; was for 
a few years associated with his brother John, 
in the oil manufacturing business, but his 
death in 1854 terminated the partnership. 4. 
John, see forward. 5. Harriet, October 13, 
1828; married Bernard K. Lee. 6. Jane, No- 
vember I, 1830; became the wife of John 
Furman Mann. 

(VII) John (2), only surviving child of 
Supplina and Susan A. (Aldrich) Kellogg, 
was born December 17, 1826. He was edu- 
cated in the common schools, and reared by 
his father to habits of industry and thrift. 
He worked in the oil mill with his father 
and became thoroughly familiar with the busi- 
ness as it was carried on by him. On the 
death of his father he was succeeded by his 




First oil mill built and operated by Supplina Kellogg, in 1824, near West Galway, 
N. Y. Still standing (1910). 



6S2 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



two sons, Lauren and John, who enlarged the 
plant and increased the business. In five 
years after the death of Supplina Kellogg, 
his son Lauren also died. His place in the 
firm was taken by James A. Miller, born in 
Glasgow, Scotland. (See Miller Family.) In 
1872 George K., son of John, was admitted a 
partner, and in 1879 Lauren, another son, be- 
came interested in the business. The firm of 
Kellogg & Miller is one of the substantial 
commercial houses of Amsterdam; the manu- 
facture of linseed oil and kindred products 
from flaxseed having grown to great propor- 
tions. The output of oil has grown from two 
barrels daily to two hundred, a mill is oper- 
ated for the manufacture of tow, oil cake is 
made in immense quantities, and one and one- 
half miles of private track has been laid to 
facilitate the movement of the coming and 
going shipments. Nothing just happens ; the 
cause for this prosperity of individual and 
community may be found in the sterling worth 
of the principal factor, John Kellogg. He 
has never been a man of one idea or one 
line of effort. Everything that has originated 
for public betterment during his business life 
in Amsterdam has had his active support. He 
aided in the establishment of Amsterdam 
Academy, and served as trustee. Served on 
the board of water commissioners, president 
of the Farmers' National Bank, director of the 
Chucanunda Gaslight Company, vice-president 
of the Greenhill Cemetery Association, an in- 
corporator and treasurer of the Reservoir 
Company that has done so much for Amster- 
dam industries, director of the Board of 
Trade. This record, in addition to developing 
his own private business, is a wonderful one 
and not often duplicated. Mr. Kellogg has 
always been a Republican, and represented his 
town in the state legislature. He is broad 
and liberal in his views. A prominent trait in 
his character is that the liberty of thought and 
action he demands for himself he is always 
ready to concede to others. 

On September 11, 1850, he married Olive, 
daughter of Benjamin Davis, of Galway, 
Saratoga county. New York. Mrs. Kellogg 
died April 14, 1909, in her eighty-fourth year, 
after nearly sixty years of happy married life. 
She was a worthy companion and comrade 
and fought life's battles shoulder to shoulder 
with her husband. Three children survive 
her, a daughter, Mrs. Howland Fish, of Ful- 
ton county, preceded her to the grave. The 
two sons, George and Lauren, are successors 
of the firm of Kellogg & Miller, and are in 
control of the large business of previous men- 
tion. Surviving children of John and Olive 
(Davis) Kellogg: i. Anna, wife of Samuel 



Stryker; resides in New York and New Jer- 
sey; has a son, Samuel Stryker (2), born 
February 5, ic»2. 2. George, of previous 
mention; married, in Amsterdam, April 30, 
1874, Susan, born November 5, 1852, daugh- 
ter of Cyrus B. Chase, born April 9, 1817, 
died January 31, 1904, and Emily Davis, born 
February 22, 1823, and granddaughter of 
Welcome U. Chase and wife, Susan C. Cole. 
Emily Davis was daughter of Daniel and 
Elizabeth (Comstock) Davis, the latter a di- 
rect descendant of Colonel Willett, a dis- 
tinguished officer of the revolution, and an 
efficient mayor of New York City. Children : 
i. John Kellogg, born September i, 1875 > 
connected with Kellogg & Miller, ii. Eliza- 
beth A., August 20, 1878; married Stanley H. 
Swift, of Amsterdam. 3. Lauren (2), of 
previous mention; married, in Port Jervis, 
New York, November 17, 1880, Elizabeth, 
born in i860, daughter of Henry H. Fish, 
born November 9, 1817, died September 16, 
1878, and his wife, Elizabeth Ferguson, born 
February 28, 1827, died June 28, 1907. Chil- 
dren: i. John D. Kellogg, born April 12, 
1886; ii. Lauren (3), born November 11, 
1900. 



The Troy family of this 
TILLINGHAST name descend from Par- 
don Tillinghast, who is 
first of mention in Providence, Rhode Island, 
January 19, 1646, when he was received as a 
quarter sharesman. He was born at Seven 
Qififs, near Beechy Head, county of Sussex, 
England, in 1622, and died at Providence, 
Rhode Island, January 29, 1718. He was 
granted a lot in Providene, ^lay 16, 1658, 
and shared in other land distributions. He 
was a cooper and engaged in commerce and 
store keeping, owning a storehouse and wharf. 
He became well to do for his day, his estate 
inventoring £1,542. He was a deputy to the 
general court in 1672-80-90-94-97-1706. In 
1687 he was overseer of the poor. He was a 
member of the town council seventeen years, 
almost continuously. In 1681 he was pastor 
of the First Baptist Church and so continued 
many years.. Morgan Edwards asserts that 
he was remarkable for his plainness and piety. 
April 14, 171 1, he deeded his house, which 
was called the Baptist meeting house, with 
the lot on which it stood, to the church and 
their successors for, "The Christian love, good 
will and affection, which I hear to the church 
of Christ in Providence, the which I am in 
fellowship with and have the care of, as being 
Elder of the said church." His will was 
proved February 11, 1718. He appointed his 
wife executrix with her two sons, Philip and 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



653 



Benjamin, to help her. To his sons Pardon, 
PhiHp and Benjamin, he gave fifty pounds 
each ; to Joseph his dwelling house after his 
mother's decease ; to five daughters he gave 
ten pounds each ; to each grandchild five shil- 
lings. He was buried in his own lot at the 
south end of the town of Providence. 

Pardon Tillinghast was twice married ; his 
first wife was named Butterworth ; his sec- 
ond wife was Lydia, daughter of Philip and 
Lydia (Masters) Taber, to whom he was mar- 
ried April 16, 1664; she died in 1718. He 
had twelve children, three of whom were by 
his first wife: i. Sarah, died young. 2. John, 
was a deputy in 1690. 3. Mary, married 
Benjamin Carpenter. 4. Lydia, married John 
Audley. 5. Pardon, see forward. 6. Philip, 
was a merchant, and in 1690 a soldier in the 
expedition against Canada ; he was a justice 
of the peace ; for twelve years deputy, and 
for the same time member of the town coun- 
cil ; his wife, Martha (Holmes) Tillinghast, 
bore him fifteen children; his estate inven- 
toried £5,000. which was a very large for- 
tune. 7. Benjamin, was a merchant and also 
became wealthy; married Sarah Rhodes, who 
was executrix of his estate, which was ap- 
praised at £4,887. 8. Abigail, married Nich- 
olas Sheldon. 9. Joseph, was a merchant; 
married (first) Freelove Stafford; (second) 
Mary Hendon. 10. Mercy, married Nicholas 
Power. II. Hannah, married John Hale. 
12. Elizabeth, married Philip Taber. 

(H) Pardon (2), fifth child and second 
son of Pardon (i) and Lydia (Taber) Til- 
linghast, was born in Providence, Rhode 
Island, February 16, 1668, died in East Green- 
wich, Rhode Island, 1743. He removed to 
East Greenwich, where, March 25, 1699, he 
bought seventy acres, house and orchard. On 
October 11, 1699, he was made a freeman of 
East Greenwich. ■ In the years 1702-04-06-08- 
14- 1 6- 19-20-22-25 he represented that town in 
the general court. From 1705 to 1710 he was 
a justice of the peace. He was also a wealthy 
man and left an estate of £3,000. To the 
Baptist church he left £25, "towards defray- 
ing the necessary charge in spreading the gos- 
pel." To the "poor of the Baptist church" 
he left £25. His wife, who died seventeen 
years before him, was Mary Keech. She 
bore him : Mary, Philip, see forward ; John, 
Joseph and Mercy. 

(Ill) Philip, eldest son of Pardon (2) and 
Mary (Keech) Tillinghast, was born in East 
Greenwich, Rhode Island, November 5, 1707, 
died there March 5, 1787. He was a large 
land owner, residing on his estate called 
"Mansion Estate," a few miles from East 
Greenwich. Like all his family, he was a 



man of influence and served in the general 
court. He married, in 1733, Alice, daughter 
of Colonel George Thomas, of North King- 
ston, Rhode Island, and had issue: Benja- 
min, Thomas, see forward, and George. 

(IV) Thomas, son of Philip and Alice 
(Thomas) Tillinghast, was born at East 
Greenwich, Rhode Island, August 21, 1742, 
died there August 26, 1821. He was a mem- 
ber of the general assembly of Rhode Island 
in May, 1776, which passed such strong reso- 
lutions in advance of the "Declaration" from 
congress, and determined "to use every means 
which God and Nature furnished them in sup- 
port of their inalienable right." He joined 
the Rhode Island military forces at the begin- 
ning of the revolutionary war and served until 
the close, attaining the rank of major. He 
studied law and became supreme court justice 
of Rhode Island. In 1797 he was elected rep- 
resentative in congress and served until 1803. 
He married. May 27, 1762, Mary Hill, and 
had issue: Alice, Rebecca, Joseph J., Mary 
Ann, Allen, see forward, Pardon, Thomas and 
Mary. 

(V) Allen, son of Hon. Major Judge 
Thomas and Mary (Hill) Tillinghast, was 
born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island, Febru- 
ary 28, 1768, died at Wrentham, Massachu- 
setts, April 28, 1851. He was a merchant 
and prominent in public affairs. He married, 
February 19, 1795, Patience, daughter of the 
Rev. Williams, of Wrentham, Massachusetts. 
They had issue: Patience, Mary, Harriet M., 
Joseph W., Benjamin Allen, see forward, 
Eliza Ann, Sally M. and Joseph J. 

(VI) Benjamin Allen, son of Allen and 
Patience (Williams) Tillinghast, was born at 
Wrentham, Massachusetts, May 6, 1799, died 
at Troy, New York, January 22, 1887. He 
removed to Troy when a young man, in 
1830. He had learned the detail of the manu- 
facture of cotton goods in New England, and 
after coming to Troy became interested in the 
cotton mills of that vicinity, and the family 
have since been leading business men of this 
city. He was an active, energetic man of 
strict integrity and sterling character. He 
married, November 2J , 1821, Julia Ann, born 
June 21, 1798, died March 7, 1850, daughter 
of Moses Whitney, of Uxbridge, Massachu- 
setts ; she bore him five children : Thomas Al- 
len, see forward, Charles Whitney, see for- 
ward, William Henry, Joseph Joslin and Alice 
Ann. He married (second). May 10, 1853, 
Harriet Sachet Cornell, a native of the Island 
of Guernsev. 

(VII) Thomas Allen, eldest child of Ben- 
jamin Allen and Julia Ann (Whitney) Til- 
linghast, was born in Wrentham, Massachu- 



■654 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



setts, November 9, 1822, died in Troy, New 
York, June 10, 1879. He was eight years of 
age when his parents removed to Troy, where 
he received his education. He was at school 
in Lanesboro, Massacliusetts, and attended 
the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute of Troy. 
In 1867 he became a member of the hardware 
firm of J. M. Warren & Company, retaining 
an active interest until his death. He was 
active in advancing the business interests of 
Troy, and was for many years interested in 
•the forwarding business of the Hudson river. 
He was president of the Board of Trade. True 
to his religious ancestry, his greatest love was 
for the welfare of the church. He was an 
Episcopalian and to St. John's Church, Troy, 
of which he was a vestryman, he gave un- 
stinted service and support. He was instru- 
mental in founding the Free Church of the 
Ascension, and was ever its devoted friend 
and supporter. He was a very influential 
member of the Diocese of Albany, and ren- 
-dered much willing service. He married, in 
1847, Margaretta Scott, daughter of Griffith 
P. and Phoebe Andrews (Scott) Griffith, of 
Troy. Mrs. Tillinghast was most active in 
church and charitable work. Children: i. 
Julia Griffith, born December 13, 1849, died 
in infancy. 2. Alice Griffith, born June 14, 
1854, died July 29, 1909. 3. Griffith Pritchard, 
born July i, 1856, died in infancy. 4. Charles 
Whitney, see forward. 5. Jessie Scott, born 
November 19, 1866, died December 23, 1879. 
(VII) Charles Whitney, second son of Ben- 
jamin Allen and Julia Ann (Whitney) Til- 
linghast, was born in East Greenwich, Rhode 
Island, May 23, 1824. He obtained his early 
education in private schools and then en- 
tered Kent Academy in East Greenwich, 
Rhode Island. His educational progress was 
brilliant and he frequently earned many hon- 
ors by his intellectuality. Subsequently he 
became a student at Talcot's private school at 
Lanesboro, Massachusetts, and his pursuits 
there were crowned with many achievements. 
He accompanied his parents to Troy, New 
York, in 1830, and from that time on to his 
death his interests were centered in that city. 
In 1840 he entered the hardware and iron 
business as a clerk for Warren, Hart & Les- 
ley, which firm was succeeded by J. M. War- 
ren and C. W. Tillinghast, under the name of 
J. M. Warren & Company. In 1864 Thomas 
Allen Tillinghast became a member of the 
firm, and June 10, 1879, he died ; February 
10, 1887, the firm was incorporated as J. M. 
Warren & Company, with Joseph M. Warren, 
president, Charles Whitney Tillinghast, vice- 
president, H. S. Darby, treasurer, and Jo- 
seph J. Tillinghast, secretary. Other incor- 



porators were Charles Whitney Tillinghast 
2nd., son of Thomas Allen Tillinghast, F. A. 
Leeds and H. Frank Wood. September 9, 
1896, Joseph M. Warren died and Charles 
Whitney Tillinghast succeeded to the presi- 
dency of the company, November 30, 1897. 
Joseph Joslin Tillinghast, who had succeeded 
to the vice-presidency when his brother, 
Charles W., was elected president, died and 
was succeeded by his nephew, Charles Whit- 
ney Tillinghast 2nd. The original house of 
J. M. Warren & Company was inaugurated in 
1809, when Jacob Hart and Henry Mazro 
established a hardware business in Troy. 
There were firm changes and in 1836 William 
H. Warren became a member of the firm that 
has ever since been in the Warren name. 
When Mr. Tillinghast first became connected 
with the business, the books were kept in 
pounds, shillings and pence, postage between 
New York and Troy was eighteen and three- 
quarter cents. A private firm started an ex- 
press that delivered letters for ten cents, which 
rate continued until the government reduced 
the postage to five cents. The firm of J. M. 
Warren & Company carry on a large hard- 
ware jobbing business, and in their one hun- 
dred years of business life have made but 
three changes in location, all of which were 
within a few hundred feet of the original. 
The rapid growth of the business was largely 
due to the personal efforts of Mr. Tillinghast. 
Following his advent into the firm the busi- 
ness increased to such a volume that additional 
space was demanded, and they erected the 
warehouse on Front street connecting by a 
bridge with the main store situated on the 
corner of Broadway and River streets, and in 
1870 the large and spacious building on the 
same corner was constructed and has since 
been the home of the concern. In the early 
days of this house nearly all the hardware 
sold was imported from England and Ger- 
many, orders had to be placed from four to 
six months in advance and all goods were 
manufactured to order, no stock being carried 
by manufacturers. A number of employees 
have been with the firm for over a quarter of 
a century ; Samuel Kendrick, their first travel- 
ing salesman, was with them thirty-five years, 
and William Bennett was in charge of the 
iron department fifty years. In 1872 the com- 
pany purchased the Troy Stamping Com- 
pany's plant in South Troy and manufacture 
there tin and sheet iron ware. 

Mr. Tillinghast's activity in the commercial 
life of Troy was marked by imflagging in- 
dustry, intelligent application to business, and 
the highest probity and integrity, which char- 
acterized his entire life. He helped to foster 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



655 



and develop the financial and business enter- 
prises that are now the city's pride. He was 
vice-president of the United National Bank of 
Troy and the Troy Savings Bank ; director of 
the Security Trust Company ; director of the 
Rensselaer & Saratoga Railroad Company, 
which was the first railroad to enter Troy, 
.and on his retirement from the directorate in 
1908 the board of directors passed resolutions 
of appreciation and regret. He was one of 
the first trustees of the Fuller & Warren Com- 
pany which was incorporated December 31, 
1881, and was also most instrumental in the 
establishment and advancement of the Walter 
A. Wood Company, of Hoosick Falls, New 
York. He was a member of the Troy Citi- 
zens' Corps prior to the war of the rebellion, 
and wTien the Old Guard was organized, 
July 25, 1879, as an auxiliary body, Mr. Til- 
linghast was chosen president and partici- 
pated in 1878 with the company in the public 
•escort at the funeral of Colonel James R. 
Hitchcock in New York. He was an honor- 
ary member of the corps at the time of his 
death. 

Mr. Tillinghast was one of the first to start 
the project for a new post-office building in 
Troy, obtaining the petitions and statistics for 
tfie same, and he was one of the five citizens 
named as a commission to select a site for the 
government building. His only connection 
with municipal life was for a short period 
when he served as president of the public 
improvement commission. He was deeply in- 
terested in Troy's volunteer fire department, 
and was one of the charter members of the 
■old Washington volunteer steamer company, 
having served as its secretary and later as 
its captain. In subsequent years he directed 
his attention to the Arba Read steamer com- 
pany, and was one of the citizens who pur- 
chased the first engine for the company from 
private funds. He was instrumental in the 
establishment and organization of the Young 
Men's Christian Association in 1895 and was 
one of the first trustees. He was also one of 
the organizers and trustee of the Public Li- 
brary of Troy, trustee of Marshall Infirmary, 
trustee of the Episcopal Church Home, and 
for several years president of the Emma Wil- 
lard Seminary. In June, 1896, when the 
movement was inaugurated to construct the 
Samaritan Hospital, Mr. Tillinghast was one 
of the first citizens to respond and pledge his 
support, and his interest in the development 
and progress of the institution never abated. 
He was a close friend of the late Rev. John 
Ireland Tucker, D.D., who for more than 
lialf a centurA' was rector of the Church of 
the Holy Cross, and an intimate friend of 



Bishop William Croswell Doane, of this dio- 
cese. 

Aside from his business activity and re- 
markable record, the work in which Mr. Til- 
linghast found most pleasure and gratifica- 
tion was his connection with the Troy Or- 
phan Asylum. He served as vice-president of 
the institution from 1872 to 1876, and was 
then made president, which office he occupied 
at the time of his death. It was his life work 
and for it he was honored and esteemed. In 
his forty years' interest in the welfare of the 
orphans he never missed visiting the asylum 
every Sunday afternoon unless detained by 
illness or absence from the city. Each of 
those visits was eagerly looked forward to 
by the little ones, who recognized in him a 
protector and guardian of the true christian 
type. He seldom journeyed to the asylum 
without carrying a large package of candy for 
the children who always surrounded him. His 
interest in the institution grew from the time 
the asylum was housed in its first building on 
Eighth street, and it was principally through 
his labors that the present beautiful home was 
erected on Spring avenue. His philanthropic 
acts carried the institution through many 
storms. In addition to being unwearied in his 
devotion to the interests of the asylum, he 
was marvelously successful in enlisting the in- 
terests of others in its behalf. On May 10, 
1892, when the cornerstone of the new build- 
ing was laid, Mr. Tillinghast delivered an ad- 
dress. Mr. Tillinghast was a member of St. 
John's Episcopal Church ; he was elected 
vestryman July 13, 1879, elected warden 
March 29, 1880, and was senior warden at 
the time of his death. He was one of the 
founders of St. Luke's Episcopal Church and 
a member of its first vestry : the first services 
were held at that church. May 17, 1868. He 
was a member of the standing committee of 
the Albany diocese and was chairman of the 
general committee of the Church Congress. 
He was a Republican all through the exist- 
ence of that party. 

Mr. Tillinghast was by nature an able and 
far-seeing business man. of indomitable per- 
severance and energy, he never considered 
such a word as failure when beginning the 
accomplishment of any task he had set him- 
self to perform. Many of the best enterprises 
of Troy have been aided by his wise counsel 
and means. His beneficences have been large 
and numerous, his acts of philanthrophy per- 
formed in an unostentatious manner, he was an 
earnest humanitarian and spent nnich of his 
busy life in unselfish devotion to the welfare 
of his fellowmen. Many of those who knew 
Mr. Tillinghast had but slight knowledge of 



6s6 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



the important pwsitions he has filled and the 
weighty responsibilities he has carried for 
himself and others. He was quiet in manner 
and a pleasing conversationalist. Progressive 
in his ideas, still his nature was so tempered 
that he was successful in every undertaking 
he began. He was a man of unquestioned in- 
tegrity and his career was marked by deeds of 
kindness that will live while memory lasts. 
The magnitude of the operations of the com- 
mercial house of which he was at the head 
are alike monumental to the genius of the 
eminent citizen who has finally answered the 
Master's call. 

Mr. Tillinghast married, December i, 1852, 
Mary Bowers Southwick, of Troy. The cele- 
bration of their golden wedding in 1902 was 
a social event that will long be remembered. 
Children: i. Francis Southwick, who married 
Stephen Willard Barker. 2. Southwick, died 
in infancy. Mrs. Tillinghast, Mrs. Barker 
and her son, Charles Whitney 'Tillinghast 
Barker, who is a civil engineer in Philadel- 
phia, survive. Mr. Tillinghast died April 27, 
1910. 

(Vni) General Charles Whitney Tilling- 
hast, youngest son of Thomas Allen and 
Margaretta Scott (Griffith) Tillinghast, was 
born in Troy, New York, November 28, 
1857. He was educated at Troy Academy, the 
"Gunnery," at Washington, Connecticut, and 
at St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hamp- 
shire. He entered Trinity College, but his 
health failed, and he was obliged to give up a 
college course. He traveled for a long time 
in Europe, regained his health, and on his 
return to Troy entered the employ of the 
J. M. Warren Company, of which his father 
was a partner. He was advanced to general 
manager, and when the J. M. Warren Com- 
pany became a corporation, in 1887, was one 
of the incorporators. November 30, 1897, his 
uncle. Joseph Joslin Tillinghast, died, and he 
succeeded him as vice-president of the com- 
pany, an office he still fills. He has other 
private business interests and has given much 
of his time to the public service of city and 
state. He is a veteran fireman of Troy, ex- 
president of the Young Men's Association, 
and of the Pafraets Dael Club, being the first 
president of the latter club. In June, 1877, 
he enlisted in the National Guard of New 
York, served in the Troy Citizens' Corps, 
Sixth Separate Company ; was successively 
corporal, sergeant, third, second and first lieu- 
tenant. On January I. 1895, he resigned his 
commission after a term of eighteen years. 
He is a Republican in politics, and has al- 
ways taken an active part in city and state 
affairs, serving on many public commissions 



and sitting in the councils of his party. In 
1896 he was appointed by Governor Frank S. 
Black adjutant general of the state of New 
York, taking office January i, 1897. His term 
of office covered the Spanish-American war, 
which though apparently an insignificant one, 
changed the map of the world and made the 
United States a world power. The state of 
New York raised and equipped twenty-twcK 
thousand men and sent them forward. This 
involved a vast amount of responsibility on the 
adjutant general and made his term of office 
the most important since the close of the civil 
war. He held the rank of major-general by 
virtue of that office. He retired from office 
in 1898. General Tillinghast belongs to many 
city, state and national social, educational and 
patriotic societies. He is an ex-president of 
the Young Men's Association of Troy, was 
secretary and treasurer and is now vice-presi- 
dent of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument 
Association of Rensselaer County, member 
of the Sons of the Revolution through the 
military service in that war of an ancestor. 
Major Thomas Tillinghast, of the Connecticut 
State Troops, member of the Military Order 
of Foreign Wars, member of the Military 
Service Institute of Governor's Island, New 
York, trustee of the Grant Monument Asso- 
ciation, an associate member of the Fort 
Orange Club, Albany, the Troy Club, the 
Island Golf Club and of the Army and Navy 
Club of New York City. He is an Episco- 
palian and a vestryman of St. John's Church 
of Troy, and trustee of St. Barnabas Episco- 
pal Church of Troy, and has just been elected 
a trustee of the Troy Orphan Asylum. 

He married, February 4, 1889, Marion Chit- 
tenden Clarke, born at Syracuse, New York. 
Children : i. Margaret Chittenden, born June 
8, 1890. 2. Theodore Voorhees, March 16, 
1892. 3. Charles Whitney, May 5, 1895. 4. 
Thomas Allen, December 12, 1896, died Feb- 
ruary 19, 1902. 

(The Chittenden Line). 
^^'illiam Chittenden was a magistrate of 
Guilford, Connecticut, from 1639 to 1643, ^nd 
a deputy to the general assembly of Connec- 
ticut, 1646-51-53-60. He was lieutenant of 
the town militia, 1648. He died in February, 
1660-61. He married Joana Sheaflf, died Au- 
gust 16, 1668. 

(II) Nathaniel, son of William and Joana 
(Sheaff) Chittenden, died June, 1691. Mar- 
ried Sarah . 

(III) Nathaniel (2), son of Nathaniel and 
Sarah Chittenden, was born August 10, 1669; 
married Elizabeth Stevens, born July 14, 
1668, died November 15, 1738. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



657 



(IV) Nathaniel (3), son of Nathaniel (2) 
and Elizabeth (Stevens) Chittenden, was born 
June 6, 1701, died August, 1762; married, 
January 6, 1735, Lucy Nettleton. 

(V) Daniel, son of Nathaniel (3) and Lucy 
(Nettleton) Chittenden, was born August 27, 
1739 ; married, at Killingworth, Connecticut, 
Grace Watrons. 

(VI) Wise, son of Daniel and Grace (Wat- 
rons) Chittenden, was born April 17, 1775, 
died December, 1857 ; married, October 15, 
1798, Huldah Buell, born August 29, 1777, 
died February 18, 1868. 

(VII) Harlow W'atrons, son of Wise 
and Huldah (Buell) Chittenden, was 
born March 22, 1817, died July 24, 
1872. He was the first general superin- 
tendent of the consolidated New York 
Central Railroad lines. He married, Decem- 
ber 18, 1837, Nancy Jane Williams, born Oc- 
tober 25, 1820. 

(VIII) Helen Maria, daughter of Harlow 
Watrons and Nancy Jane (Williams) Chit- 
tenden, married, December 13, 1865, Dr. John 
Seymour Clarke, of Syracuse, New York. 

(IX) Marian Chittenden Clarke, daughter 
of Dr. John Seymour and Helen Maria (Chit- 
tenden) Clarke, married General Charles 
Whitney Tillinghast, February 4, 1889. 

(The Rogers Line). 

Line of descent from Thomas Rogers of the 
"Mayflower," through Huldah Buell, great- 
grandmother of Mrs. General C. W. Tilling- 
hast. 

Thomas Rogers, "Mayflower passenger," 
was the eighteenth signer of the "compact," 
and died at Plymouth during the "first sick- 
ness." 

(II) Lieutenant Joseph, son of Thomas 
Rogers, also a passenger on the "Mayflower" 
with his father, died in Eastham, Massachu- 
setts, 1677-78; was lieutenant of Mausett 
county militia 1647 '• member of council of 
war 1658: married Hannah — ■ . 

(III) Elizabeth, daughter of Lieutenant 
Joseph and Hannah Rogers, was born Sep- 
tember 29, 1639 ; married, January 9, 1660, 
Jonathan Higgins, born 1637. 

(IV) Mary, daughter of Jonathan and 
Elizabeth (Rogers) Higgins, was born Jan- 
uary 22, 1682; married, February 12, 1706-07, 
James Young, born April 4, 1685. 

(V) Hannah, daughter of James and Mary 
(Higgins) Young, was born February 12, 
1719-20; married, June 13, 1743, Dr. Reuben 
Buell, born August 24, 1720, died December 
16, 1802. 

(VI) Azariah, son of Dr. Reuben and 
Hannah (Young) Buell, was born January 21, 



1743 ; married, March 20, 1770, at Westbrook, 
Connecticut, Elinor Post. 

(VII) Huldah, daughter of Azariah and 
Ehnor (Post) Buell, was born August 29, 
1777, died February 18, 1868. Married, Octo- 
ber 15, 1798, Wise Chittenden (see Chit- 
tenden VI). Wise Chittenden was a great- 
great-grandson of Samuel Buell, the emigrant 
ancestor of the Buell family, who came to 
America about 1630 from Chesterton, Hunt- 
ingtonshire, England. He was deputy four- 
teen terms, between 1692 and 1715: married, 
November 13 or 18, 1662, Deborah Griswold, 
born June 28, 1646, died February 7, 1719. 
Deborah Griswold was a daughter of Edward 
Griswold, deputy to the general court, Con- 
necticut, twenty-four terms, between 1656 and 
1689. Wise Chittenden was a great-grand- 
son of Captain Samuel Buell, son of Samuel 
Buell, the emigrant. Captain Samuel Buell 
was born in Windsor, Connecticut, July 20, 
1663, died in Killingworth, Connecticut. No- 
vember 2, 1732. He was captain of the West- 
ern company of the Killingworth Trained 
Band, October a, 1718. He married, in 1686, 
Judith Stevens, died October 31, 1732. Wise 
Chittenden, through his mother, Grace Wat- 
rons, was a great-great-grandson of Captain 
John Clark, who was named in the charter 
from King Charles II, in 1662. He was 
deputy to the Connecticut general court nine 
terms, between 1641 and 1669. 

Harlow Watrons Chittenden, grandfather of 
Mrs. C. Whitney Tillinghast 2nd., through his 
mother, Huldah Buell, was of the seventh 
generation from Thomas Griggson and his 
wife Jane. Thomas Griggson was treasurer 
1641-42; magistrate; commissioner for United 
Colonies 1643; agent to Parliament of Eng- 
land 1644 ; signer of articles of Confederation 
of United Colonies 1643, "^i'^fi ^t sea 1646. 
Also through his mother, Huldah Buell Chit- 
tenden, he was of the sixth generation from 
Richard Higgins, representative to the general 
court of Plymouth, 1647, and represented 
Eastham, Massachusetts, from 1653 to 1665, 
at six sessions of the same body. Richard 
Higgins married, December 11, 1634, Lydia 
Chandler. Again through the maternal line 
he was of the sixth generation from Matthew 
Gilbert, died February. 1680. He was deputy 
governor of the New Haven colony, 1661- 
63 : deputy to the general court of Connec- 
ticut, and magistrate in 1639-40-41-42-58-59- 
60-64. 

Helen i\Iaria (Chittenden) Clarke, mother 
of Mrs. C. Whitney Tillinghast 2nd., through 
her mother. Nancy Jane (Williams) Chitten- 
den, was of the ninth generation from Wil- 
liam Arnold, of Cheselbourne, Dorset coun- 



658 



HUDSON AND iNIOHAWK VALLEYS 



ty, England, one of the thirteen original pro- 
prietors of the Providence plantation, and 
commissioner in 1661. He married Christian 
Peak, and died in Providence, Rhode Island, 
1670. She is also of the eighth generation of 
Deputy-Governor Stephen Arnold, son of Wil- 
liam and Christian (Peak) Arnold. Governor 
Stephen Arnold was deputy nine terms, be- 
tween 1664 and 1690; assistant (to the gov- 
ernor) nine terms, between 1667 and 1698; 
deputy governor 1674. He married Sarah, 
daughter of Edward Smith, of Newport, 
Rhode Island, born in Rehoboth, Massachu- 
setts ; assistant five terms ; deputy three terms, 
and commissioner one term, between the years 
1654 and 1670. Elizabeth Arnold, daughter 
of Governor Stephen Arnold, married Peter 
Greene, and we trace the descent from Johu 
Greene, his grandfather, to Mrs. C. Whitney 
Tillinghast 2nd., in detail. 

(The Greene Line). 
John Greene was born at Bowridgen Hall, 
Gillingham, Dorset county, England, in 1597, 
died in Warwick, Rhode Island, in 1658. He 
was a founder of the Providence plantation 
and representative in 1654-57. He marrried, 
March 4, 1619, Joan Tattersall. 

(II) John (2), son of John (i) the emi- 
grant, and Joan (Tattersall) Greene, was 
born 1620 in Salisbury, England, died No- 
vember 27, 1708. He was a resident of War- 
wick, Rhode Island; commissioner 1651-63; 
attorney general 1657-59; assistant 1660-73- 
77-78-80-86-90; agent to England 1670; dep- 
uty governor 1690-95-96-98-99 ; commissioner 
captain 1664; commissioner major 1685. He 
married Ann, born 1627, died May 7, 1709, 
daughter of William and Audrey Almy, of 
Portsmouth, Rhode Island. 

(III) Peter, son of Governor John (2) and 
Ann (Almy) Greene, was born in Warwick, 
Rhode Island, February 7, 1655, died August 
12, 1723. He was deputy 1698-1701-03-09. 
He married, December 16, 1680, Elizabeth, 
born November 2, 1659, died June 5, 1728, 
daughter of Governor Stephen Arnold, of 
Rhode Island. 

(IV) Barlow, son of Peter and Elizabeth 
(Arnold) Greene, was born November 24, 
1695. He married, October 21, 1717, Lydia 
Harden. 

(V) Oliver, son of Barlow and Lydia 
(Harden) Greene, was born September 10, 
1740; married, March 30, 1760, Penelope 
Wells, born June 18, 1741. 

(VI) Dyer, son of Oliver and Penelope 
(Wells) Greene, was born 1778, died April 
7, 181 5. He married Sally Edick. 

(VII) Phoebe, daughter of Dyer and Sally 



(Edick) Greene, was born December 25, r796>. 
died April, 1830. She married, February 4,. 
18 16, Lodewick Wilhams. 

(VIII) Nancy Jane, daughter of Lodewick 
and Phoebe (Greene) ^^'ilIiams, was born Oc- 
tober 25, 1820, married, December 18, 1837,. 
Harlow Watrous Chittenden (see Chittenden 
VII). 

Penelope Wells, who married Oliver Greene 
(see Greene V), was a great-great-grand- 
daughter of Randall Holden, born in Salis- 
bury, Wills county, England, 1612, died in 
Warwick, Rhode Island, August 23, 1692- 
He was one of the twelve purchasers of 
Warwick in 1642 ; assistant six terms ; com- 
missioner four terms ■; deputy seven terms ;: 
general treasurer of Providence, Rhode Isl- 
and, 1652 ; named in Royal Charter of 1663^ 
He married about 1648, Frances Dungan, 
born about 1630, died 1697. His son, Charles 
Holden, born in Warwick, Rhode Island, 
March 22, 1665-66, died July 2, 1717. He 
was deputy 1710-16. He married Catherine 
Greene, born August 15, 1665. 

Marion Chittenden Tillinghast is a descen- 
dant also of the Clarkes and Spencers of Con- 
necticut. Her grandfather, Elizur Clarke, was- 
the first of his family to settle in New York 
state at Syracuse. 

(II) Beaumont (2), son of Beaumont (i) 
Clarke, of Saybrook, Connecticut, was born 
in Saybrook, died in Green Lake, Michigan,, 
in 1858. He was a farmer, a Whig in poli- 
tics, and Presbyterian in religion. He mar- 
ried Nabbe Spencer, born in Connecticut, near 
Saybrook, died in Green Lake, Michigan. 

(III) Elizur, son of Beaumont (2) and 
Nabbe (Spencer) Clarke, was born in Say- 
brook, Connecticut, October 5, 1807, died at 
Lyme, Connecticut, December 27, 1895. In 
182 1 the family removed to Syracuse, where 
he became a leading and prominent man of 
affairs. He was a Democrat in politics ; was 
alderman of Syracuse ; supervisor of Ononda- 
ga county, and member of the state legislature. 
He was a director of the Salt Springs Na- 
tional Bank, and of the Syracuse Savings 
Bank. He married Jerusha Norton Spencer, 
born in Deerfield, New York, October 3, 1806,. 
died at Syracuse, August 13, 1868, daughter 
of Seth Spencer, of Durham, Connecticut, and 
his wife Mindwell Johnson. 

(IV) Dr. John Seymour, ninth child of 
Elizur and Jerusha Norton, (Spencer) Clarke, 
was born in Syracuse, New York, December 
3, 1844. He was educated in the public 
schools and under private tutors. He grad- 
uated from the medical department of Syra- 
cuse University in 1876. He practiced his pro- 
fession in New York City for four years un- 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



65? 



til his health failed, and he was obliged to 
go west. He located in St. Paul, Minnesota, 
where he practiced until 1884, then returned 
to Syracuse, where he has since resided. He 
is a Republican in politics, and a member 
of St. Paul's Episcopal Church of Syracuse. 
He married, December 13, 1865, at Syracuse, 
Helen Maria Chittenden, born October 18, 
1840, died in Syracuse, September 25, 1906 
(see Chittenden Vni). Children: i. Marion 
Chittenden, married General Charles Whitney 
Tillinghast 2nd ; children : i. Margaret Chit- 
tenden, died in infancy ; ii. Theodore Voor- 
hees, born March 16, 1892 ; iii. Charles Whit- 
ney Jr., born May 5, 1895. iv. Thomas Allen, 
born December 12, 1896, died February 19, 
1902. 2. Harlow Chittenden, born September 
16, 1870 ; married Mary Seymour Cowles. 3. 
Alice Sabine, married Herbert Savage Ide. 
Children : i. Helen Chittenden, died in in- 
fancy ; ii. George P. ; iii. Herbert S. ; iv. Har- 
low Chittenden ; v. Marion Tillinghast, born 
September 2, 1909. 



Hugh Mosher, born in 1633, 
MOSHER died 1713, son of Hugh, who 

came from England in 1632, 
landing at Boston from ship "Jane," 
was of Newport and Portsmouth, Rhode Isl- 
and, and Dartmouth, Massachusetts. January 
29, 1660, he and five others bought certain 
lands at Misquamicut (Westerly) of the In- 
dian Sachem Socho. In 1684 he was ordained 
pastor of the First Baptist Church of Dart- 
mouth, Massachusetts. He married (first) 
Rebecca Harndel. He married (second) Sa- 
rah . He had eight children, all by 

first wife, of whom the eldest was Nicholas. 

(II) Nicholas, son of Hugh (2) and Re- 
becca (Harndel) Mosher, was born 1666, died 
August 14, 1747. He was of Dartmouth, 
Massachusetts, and Tiverton, Rhode Island. 

He married Elizabeth , died 1747. 

They had ten children, of whom Nicholas (2) 
was the sixth. 

(III) Nicholas (2), son of Nicholas (i), 
and Elizabeth Mosher, was born January 17, 
1703. He was left five pounds in his father's 
will, and when married and settled in life he 
resided in Tyringham, Connecticut. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Crandall, and had fourteen chil- 
dren, of whom Rodman was the tenth. 

(IV) Rodman, son of Nicholas (2) and 
Elizabeth (Crandall) Mosher, was born about 
1746. He removed after his marriage, and 
settled on a farm in Sharon, Windsor coun- 
ty, Vermont. He married and had eight chil- 
dren, of whom Abijah C. was the eldest. 

(V) Abijah C, son of Rodman Mosher, 
was born in Sharon, Vermont, April 20, 1792, 



died December 28, 1874. He married Relief 
Booth, who died in Sharon, August 27, 1844. 
Children: i. Albert B., see forward. 2. Ruth 
D., married George Dimick ; children: Ellen 
and Emma, the former married Charles Ray- 
mond, of Ludlow, Vermont, the latter mar- 
ried Dr. Rufus Barton, of Altamont, Al- 
bany county. New York. 3. George W., died 
July 13, 1826, aged five years. 

(VI) Albert Booth, eldest son of Abijah 
C. and Relief (Booth) Mosher, was born in 
Sharon, Vermont, January 29, 1817, died 
there May 14, 1895. He always resided in 
Sharon except for three years spent as a 
teacher in Schoharie county. New York. He 
taught five terms in Vermont schools, and 
ever after was a farmer. He was lister, se- 
lectman, clerk of the school district for forty- 
five years, justice of the peace twenty-five 
years, and twice in 1864-65, represented Sha- 
ron in the Vermont legislature. He was a 
man of education and wide reading, known 
and respected of all men. He married (first) 
Mary Lucretia Eldredge (see Mosher-Putman 
VII), daughter of Joseph N. and Betsey (Ty- 
ler) Eldredge, of Warren, Vermont, wlio bore 
him two sons: i. George A., see forward. 2. 
Charles A., married (first) Lora William- 
son, and had a son Loren A.; married (sec- 
ond) Celia P. Howe. Charles A. resides in 
summer on the old homestead in Sharon, and 
is engaged in the real estate business in Bos- 
ton. Albert B. Mosher married (second) 
Maria A. (Bisbee) Ralph, who died May 6, 
1887. 

(VII) George Abijah, eldest son of Albert 
Booth and Mary Lucretia (Eldredge) Mosh- 
er, was born in Sharon, Vermont. October 
6, 1845. He was educated in the public 
schools, Royalton Academy. Vermont, Kim- 
ball Union Academy, at Meriden, New Hamp- 
shire, all of which study was preparatory to 
his entering Dartmouth College, wjiere he 
was graduated A. B., class of 1867. .^fter 
leaving college, he was principal for a year 
over the academy at Champlain, New York, 
during which time he began the study of 
law. The following year he located in Troy, 
and read law with R. A. and F. J. Parmenter. 
In 1868 he was admitted to the New York 
bar, and at once began the practice of his 
profession in Troy. In 1871 he entered into 
partnership with Judge James Forsyth (pres- 
ident of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 'at 
one time and ex-county judge of Rensselaer 
countv). Forsyth & Mosher continued in suc- 
cessful practice for several years, after which 
Mr. Mosher gave most of his attention to 
"patent law" until 1882, from which time he 
made it a specialty by entering the office of 



66o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Davenport & Hollister, and taking over their 
established patent business in exchange for 
his general practice. In 1893 he gave an in- 
terest in the business to Frank C. Curtis, who 
had been several years in his employ, and 
continued under the firm name of Mosher & 
Curtis. Henceforth he devoted his entire time 
to patents and patent causes, being principally 
occupied in the United States courts, in con- 
nection with infringement suits. Mr. Mosher 
is peculiarly adapted for his line of legal work, 
not only is he fortified with legal lore, but his 
mechanical mind and inventive talent are great 
aids in detecting points and arriving at con- 
clusions that are entirely outside the legal 
features. In 1894 Mosher & Curtis removed 
their offices from First street to 301 River 
street, and in 1902 they moved into their pres- 
ent quarters in Cannon place (Broadway and 
Second street). Mr. Mosher stands high in 
the legal fraternity and was considered an 
authority on patents. He retired from active 
practice, May i, 1910. He is a director and 
vice-president of the Luxury Sales Company, 
a director of the Van Schaick Realty Com- 
pany, and has other varied business interests. 
He is a Republican in politics, but has not 
taken an active interest beyond expressing his 
will at the polls, and retaining his membership 
in the Republican Club of Rensselaer county. 
He is an adherent of the First Presbyterian 
Church, Troy. His college fraternity is Alpha 
Delta Phi, and he is a member of Alpha 
Delta Phi Club, 136 West Forty-fourth street. 
New York City. His secret order is the Elks. 
His clubs are the Island Golf and Water- 
vliet Golf, The Troy, Pafraets Dael, and 
East Side, of Troy, New York, the Alpha 
Delta Phi Club, of New York, and the Chess 
and Whist Club of Albany. He belongs to 
the Troy Chamber of Commerce, the Engi- 
neers' Society of Eastern New York, and the 
Sons of Revolution, through the services of 
his brave old ancestor. General Israel Put- 
nam. He served for many years as trustee 
of the East Side and Ionic Club, also as pres- 
ident of each of those clubs. He is at present 
one of the "Managers" of the Troy Club. He 
also served one term as president of the New 
York State Whist Association. He married 
(first) September 8, 1870, Belle W. Holden, 
of Springfield, Vermont, who died November, 
1880. He married (second) August, 1883, 
Jennie C. Underbill Kenyon, of Troy, who 
died October, 1894. By his first marriage 
there was a child who died in infancy. Dur- 
ing the early seventies he acquired title to 
a large tract of land in that part of the city 
of Troy known as the East Side, which he 
divided into city lots and streets. The main 



street running lengthwise of the property he 
named Belle Avenue, in memory of his first 
wife whose given name was Belle. The loca- 
tion is one of the best in the suburbs. 

(The Putnam Line). 
The descendants of Albert Booth Mosher 
and Mary Lucretia (Eldredge) Mosher (see 
Mosher VI and VII) trace their ancestry to 
the famous revolutionary officer, General Is- 
rael Putnam, who was born in Salem Village, 
Massachusetts, (now Danvers) January 7, 
1718, baptized February 2, 1718, died at 
Brooklyn, Connecticut, after an illness of two 
days. May 19, 1790. The house in which he 
was born is still standing, in a good state of 
preservation. General Israel Putnam was a 
son of Joseph and Elizabeth (Porter) Put- 
nam, grandson of Lieutenant Thomas and his 
second wife Mary Veren, widow of Nathaniel 
Veren. Lieutenant Thomas was a son of John 
Putnam, the founder of the Salem family, 
who settled there in 1640. General Putnam 
was of the fourth generation of his family 
in America. They came from Buckingham- 
shire, England. His immediate ancestors on 
both sides were of the best Essex county, 
Massachusetts, stock. Israel had little early 
education, he was fond of sports and feats 
of strength and daring rather than of books. 
In 1739 he married, and shortly after removed 
to Pomfret, Connecticut, and in 1741 became 
the owner of a tract of five hundred acres 
of land that in 1786 was included in that part 
of Pomfret erected into the town of Brooklyn. 
He was a thrifty, prosperous farmer, fond of 
horticulture, interested in good schools, public 
libraries and good books. In 1755 he went 
out with Connecticut troops in the French 
war, and was at the defeat of the English at 
Lake George by the French under Baron Die- 
skau. The English, under command of Sir 
William Johnson, followed this with a vic- 
tory on the spot where Fort William Henry 
was erected. The next year he served as 
captain under General Abercrombie. In 1757 
he was appointed major. He was at Fort 
William Henry when it was captured by 
Montcalm ; who followed the capture by al- 
lowing his Indians to butcher the garrison. 
Putnam had vainly tried to get reinforce- 
ments from Fort Edward. His saving the 
powder magazine of Fort Edward amid the 
fiery scenes surrounding it was one of the 
numerous daring deeds which he performed. 
His descent of the Falls of the Hudson at 
Fort Miller was witnessed by the Indians 
who fired at him incessantly as he steered his 
batteau down the dangerous rapids. While 
he escaped that time, in 1758 he was taken 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



66i 



prisoner and subjected to the most brutal 
treatment. He was saved from death through 
the intervention of an Indian chief who had 
been Putnam's prisoner on one occasion and 
had been treated kindly. He was taken to 
Alontreal where his release was obtained 
through the efforts of Colonel Peter Schuyler, 
after whom the general's last child is named. 
He fought all through the French war, and 
was with the English forces in their attempt 
on the French and Spanish possessions in the 
West Indies. In 1764 he was at home, a 
hardy seasoned veteran, who had seen service 
under the ablest generals. He returned to 
peaceful pursuits, and in 1765 his wife died, 
and he connected himself with the Brooklyn 
church. In 1767 he again married. For a 
time he threw open his house for the accomo- 
dation of travelers, and "The old sign which 
swung before his door as a token of good 
cheer for the weary traveller is now to be 
seen in the Museum of the Historical Society 
of Connecticut." 

He was chosen to the board of selectmen 
and deputy to the general assembly. He con- 
versed on several occasions with General 
Gage, the British commander. Lord Percy, 
and other officers, and told them plainly the 
Colonies could not be subjugated. The news 
■of the battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775, 
arrived at Pomfret, Connecticut, on the morn- 
ing of the 20th. Putnam was ploughing 
in the field with his son Daniel, a lad of six- 
teen, who said, "He loitered not, but left me 
the driver of his team to unyoke it in the 
furrow, and not many days after to follow 
him to the camp." He at once plunged into 
the conflict, raising, equipping and drilling 
troops. He was raised to the rank of major- 
general by the continental congress, who on 
the 17th day of June (the day of the battle 
of Bunker Hill) conferred that rank upon 
Artemas Ward and Charles Lee, and two days 
later on Israel Putnam and Philip Schuyler. 
He was in command of all the forces at the 
tattle of Bunker Hill, Colonel Prescott com- 
manding the redoubt on Breed's Hill at the 
extreme right. He performed prodigies of 
valor on that day, and on the 2nd of July 
following received from the hands of "The 
Father of his Country" at Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, his commission as major-general. 
This caused much dissatisfaction and jealousy 
among some others who coveted higher rank, 
and resulted in the other three commissions 
being withheld for a time, but Putnam's had 
received the unanimous vote of congress, and 
he received it, the first major-general's com- 
mission issued by congress from W'ashington's 
own hand. He was at the battle of Long Isl- 



and, where he superseded General Sullivan 
m command. He passed the winter of 1776- 
77 in camp at Princeton, New Jersey. In 
1777 he was in command along the Hudson, 
and later was in charge of the right wing of 
the army at Monmouth. In 1778 he was 
posted again along the Hudson. In 1779 he 
was stationed in Connecticut, and it was here 
at Horseneck, when overtaken by a force ten 
times his own, he dashed down a rocky preci- 
pice on horseback after bidding his little force 
seek safety in a swamp where they could not 
be followed by cavalry. In the winter of 1779- 
80 he was attacked by paralysis, and the old 
hero's fighting days were over. He survived 
ten years. He died May 19, 1790. He was 
buried with full military and Masonic honors, 
and the marble inscription reads, "he dared to 
lead where any dared to follow." He was 
a bold fiery leader and inspirer of men, and 
one whose daring, dashing kind of warfare 
was quite as useful as the more complicated 
plans of the strategist. Washington said of 
him that he was "a most valuable man and 
a fine executive officer." He married (first) 
at Danvers, Massachusetts, July 19, 1739, 
Hannah, daughter of Joseph and Mehitable 
(Putnam) Pope, baptized September 3, 1721, 
died at Brooklyn, Connecticut, September 6, 
1765. He married (second) June 3, 1767, 
Widow Deborah (Lothrop) Gardiner. Chil- 
dren, all by first wife: Israel, David, Han- 
nah, Elizabeth, Mehitable, see forward, Mary 
Eunice, Daniel, David, and Peter Schuyler, 
born in Pomfret, Connecticut, December 31, 
1764. 

(V) Mehitable, daughter of General Israel 
and Hannah (Pope) Putnam, was born in 
Pomfret, Connecticut, October 21, 1749, died 
November 29, 1789. She married. August 15, 
1771, Captain Daniel Tyler, an aide-de-camp 
of General Putnam at Bunker Hill. He was 
born in 1750, died April 29, 1832. He mar- 
ried a second wife, Sarah, widow of Deacon 
Benjamin Chaplin, a granddaughter of Presi- 
dent Jonathan Edwards, and a sister of the 
wife of Aaron Burr. Captain Tyler's father, 
Daniel Tyler, died February 20, 1802, aged 
one hundred years, eleven months and twenty- 
six days. Three of the sons of Captain Tyler 
graduated at West Point Military Academy, 
Septimus, Edwin and Daniel. 

(VI) Betsey, sixth child and second daugh- 
ter of Captain Daniel and Mehitable (Put- 
nam) Tyler, was born June 18, 1784. died 
March 17, 1831. She married Joseph N. El- 
dredge, of Warren, \'erniont, born May 17, 
1777, died April 3, 1842. 

(VII) Mary Lucretia. daughter of Joseph 
N. and Betsey (Tyler) Eldredge. was born 



662 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



in Warren, Vermont, November 15, 1816, died 
October 3, 1880. Her father was postmaster 
of Warren. She married, December 5, 1844, 
Albert Booth Mosher, of Sharon, Vermont, 
born January 29, 1818, died May 14, 1895, at 
Sharon, where he was born (see Mosher VI). 



The original spelling of 
TRUMBULL Trumbell is said to have 
been Trumbull, and was 
derived from the bravery of a young Scot 
who seeing his King in peril while hunting 
in the forest, caught the enraged animal by 
the horns turned him aside and allowed the 
King to escape. The grateful monarch knigh- 
ted the young man and named him Turnbull, 
granted him an estate near Peebles, Scotland, 
and a coat-of-arms bearing the device of three 
bulls heads with the motto: "Fortuna facet 
audaci." The coat-of-arms is perpetuated in 
the American branch of the Trumbull family. 
Probably no family among the early colonial 
and revolutionary stock has contributed so 
many distinguished men to their country's ser- 
vice in so many widely varied walks of life. 
They stand pre-eminent among statesmen, 
warriors, divines, poets, painters and histor- 
ians, while the affectionate nickname bestowed 
on Governor Jonathan Trumbull, of Connecti- 
cut — of "Brother Jonathan," has spread until 
it now applies to all citizens of the United 
States as "John Bull" applies to every Eng- 
lishman. 

John Trumbull, ancestor of the Connecticut 
family, came from Cumberland county, Eng- 
land, and settled in Rowley, Massachusetts, 
where his second son John was made a free- 
rnan in 1640; deacon of the church in 1686; 
lieutenant of militia in 1689, then removed to 
Sufifield, Connecticut. He had four sons : John, 
Joseph, Ammi and Benoni, see forward. John 
(3), eldest son, was a clergyman of Water- 
town, Connecticut, father of John Trumbull, 
the poet, author of "McFingal," and other 
works. Captain Joseph was the father of 
Governor Jonathan Trumbull, war governor 
of Connecticut, a man of the highest type, an 
ardent and self-sacrificing patriot who helped 
in every way to gain independence for his na- 
tive land. Ammi, was a prosperous farmer of 
East Windsor, Connecticut. Benoni, was the 
father of Benjamin Tnnnbull, the historian, 
who is well known as the author of an early 
history of Connecticut. John Trumbull, 
youngest son of Governor Trumbull, was an 
officer of the revolution, but best known as 
the artist who painted the great national pic- 
tures by order of congress : "Declaration of 
Independence." "Surrender of Burgoyne," 
"Surrender of Cornwallis," and the "Resigna- 



tion of Washington." He painted numberless 
other portraits and pictures, many being his- 
toric in character,' which were of the highest 
artistic merit and entitle him to front rank 
among the great artists of the world. He was 
president of the Academy of Fine Arts from 
its foundation. He married ; left no issue. 
Jonathan Trumbull, of Connecticut, born 1775, 
was the progenitor of the family that at an 
early day settled in Fulton county, New York, 
and are now of Schenectady. 

(V) Solomon, son of Jonathan Trumbull, 
was born in Connecticut in 1797, died in the 
town of Ephratah, Fulton county. New York, 
in 1887, at age of ninety years. He was 
reared and educated in Connecticut, but when 
a young man removed to New York where he 
settled on a farm in Fulton county, town of 
Ephratah. He was a man of influence and 
an active, earnest member of the Methodist 
church, to whose interests both he and his 
wife were devoted. He was a Whig during 
the days of that party, and later a Republican. 
He married Maria Penny, born in Connecti- 
cut, died in Ephratah, New York, in 1907, 
at great age of ninety-seven years. Maria 
Penny was the daughter of Rev. Amial Penny, 
an early Methodist preacher of great power. 
He continued his ministerial labor until the 
end of his useful life, expiring in the pulpit 
while delivering a sermon. She and Solomon 
Trumbull were the oldest couple in the county 
at the time of his death, and passed together 
a married life of sixty years. They are buried 
in the Methodist burying ground. Children : 
Amial Penny, see forward ; Jonathan, Edward, 
Solomon, Alma, Mary, Jane (now 1910 the 
only living child), married Cyrus Sponable, 
of Lassellville, Fulton county, New York. 

(VI) Amial Penny, eldest son of Solomon 
and Maria (Penny) Trumbull, was born in 
Ephratah, Fulton county. New York, Septem- 
ber, 1829, died there March 20, 1888. He 
was a farmer and a Methodist. He married 
in Ephratah, 1859, Sarah E. Dempster, born 
at the village of Lassellville in 1841, and 
still residing in that neighborhood. She is 
a lifelong Methodist, and was as deeply inter- 
ested in church work as her husband and 
father-in-law. She is a daughter of James 
and Theresa (Brockett) Dempster, and a 
granddaughter of Joel Dempster. James 
Dempster was of Scotch parentage and pos- 
sessed all the admirable qualities of that race, 
qualities that were transmitted to his children 
and made them the sterling family they were. 
The family were prominent Methodists, Sarah 
E., being a niece of Rev. John Dempster, the 
powerful and noted Methodist Evangelist. 
under whose eloquent pleading hundreds were 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



663 



led into the church. Children: i. Ida, born 
in Ephratah, i860; married Elijah Miles, a 
farmer of Lassellville, same town ; son Ar- 
thur. 2. Charles W., see forward. 3. Cora, 
born 1864; married Milford Mosher; daugh- 
ter Jane, born 1892. 4. Clinton, died at age 
of seven years. 5. Jane, married Del Smith, 
of Fort Plain, New York. 

(VHI) Charles W., son of Amial Penny 
and Sarah E. ■ (Dempster) Trumbull, was 
born in Ephratah, Fulton county, New York, 
April 4, 1862. He grew up with little oppor- 
tunity for early education but, nevertheless, 
succeeded by hard work and by improving 
every moment to obtain a preparatory educa- 
tion. He entered Union College, literally 
worked his way through, and was graduated 
A. B. and C. E., class of 1892. He specialized 
in physics and after leaving the college was 
elected principal of the Union Free School at 
Palatine Bridge. He was a successful instruc- 
tor and earned a reputation that brought him 
a professorship in The Case School of Applied 
Science at Cleveland, Ohio. In 1896 he re- 
tired from pedagogy and became assistant en- 
gineer in charge of a party of surveyors on 
the New York canal improvement system. 
In 1900 he located in Schenectady, and occu- 
pied an important engineering position on the 
barge canal improvements. In 1902-03 he 
was city surveyor ; 1904-05-06, canal division 
engineer; 1908-09 surveyed and laid out the 
line of the Schenectady and Troy Electric 
Railroad. During these years he had pur- 
chased and laid out in city lots a subdivision 
of the city, which he has improved and con- 
verted into residential property. He has 
erected twenty-five residential properties, all 
of which he still owns. He is also the owner 
of a large business block at the corner of 
Center and Liberty streets. In 1910 he erec- 
ted the largest garage in the city, located in 
the East End on Bedford Road. He also 
purchased a tract of two hundred acres near 
his old home in Ephratah, which he operates 
as a stock and dairy farm. During his busy 
years in Schenectady he prepared the plans 
from which six of the modern school build- 
ings of the city were built. He is a member 
of St. George's Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, Psi Upsilon fraternity, also elected 
by the faculty to Sigma Xi fraternity. Both 
he and his wife attend the Park Avenue Pres- 
byterian Church. He married, June 20, 1894, 
in Schenectady, Georgia Penny, born and edu- 
cated in that city, daughter of Franklin and 
Mary (Switts) Penny. She is also a descen- 
dant of Rev. Penny, the Methodist minister, 
and is a distant blood relative of her hus- 
band. Her father, Franklin Penny, was born 



in Schenectady county, where he died in 1893, 
aged forty-five years. Mary (Switts) Penny! 
her mother, was a descendant of the early 
Dutch settler. She was killed in 1879 on 
Green street, Schenectady, while crossing the 
railroad track. In avoiding an oncoming train 
she was struck by one going in the opposite 
direction and instantly killed. Franklin Penny 
married a second wife, and had a son Howard, 
now of Rochester, New York. Child of 
Charles W. and Georgia (Penny) Trumbull: 
Florence, born December 6, 1896. 



The present generation of the 
PAIGE Paige family, the seventh in 

America as represented by the 
Schenectady, New York, branch are represen- 
tatives of three great nations, England, Hol- 
land and France. The paternal fine traces di- 
rect to England, as do the intermarriages with 
the Winslow and Keyes families. The Blood- 
good (Bloetgoat) marriage leads to Holland, 
and the Franchot to France. The emigrant an- 
cestors of these families were men of mark 
in their communities, and bequeathed to pos- 
terity records of honorable lives spent in ac- 
tive eiifort. They have transmitted also gen- 
erously of their brain and muscle, as is indi- 
cated by the great number of professional 
military and business men enrolled under the 
family names. The Winslow line beginning 
with Kenelm, 1629, is the most ancient family 
herein considered. The name Paige was often 
written "Page" even by members of the same 
family. Nathaniel Paige, the ancestor, is also 
written Nathaniel Page in records of his day, 
which is often confusing. 

(I) Nathaniel Paige, founder of the family 
in America and direct ancestor of the Paige 
family of Albany and Schenectady, New York, 
was born in England about 1650. The date 
of his coming to New England cannot be as- 
certained, nor his English birthplace. He was 
of Roxbury, Massachusetts, in 1686, and in 
that year was appointed marshal of Suffolk 
county by President Joseph Dudley. In 1688 
he removed to Billerica, Massachusetts, where 
he was made freeman in 1690. He was one 
of the eight purchasers of what is now Hard- 
wick, and one of the twelve purchasers of 
Leicester, Massachusetts. In 1687 he bought 
a farm in Billerica (now Bedford, Massa- 
chusetts), removing there as stated. He died 
April 12, 1692, at Boston. His will names 
wife Joanna, who was living in 1699. Chil- 
dren: I. Elizabeth, married, December, 1698, 
John Simpkins, of Boston. 2. Sarah, married, 
1698-99, Samuel Hill, of Billerica. 3. Nathan- 
iel, died aged seventy-five; married Sussanna 
Lane. 4. James, baptized November 28, 1686; 



664 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



buried at Roxbury. 5. Christopher, see for- 
ward. 

(11) Deacon Christopher, son of Nathaniel 
and Joanna Paige, was born in Billerica, Mas- 
sachusetts, February 10. 1691, died at Hard- 
wick, Massachusetts, March 10, 1774. He 
removed to Hardwick where he was one of 
the pioneers of the town ; selectman seven 
years; assessor five years, and first deacon of 
the church. His occupation was farming. He 
married (first) Joanna , who died Oc- 
tober 27, 1719. He married (second) Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Deacon George Reed, who 
died later than 1780. Child of first wife: i. 

Joanna, married Benjamin . Children 

of second wife: 2. Christopher, born 1721 ; 
married and left issue who settled in and 
around Keene. New York. 3. William, mar- 
ried Mercy Aikens, of Hardwick, and left 
children : Rev. Christopher, of New Hamp- 
shire, and Lucy, married Daniel Ruggles. 4. 
George, born 1725; married and left issue. 
5. Colonel Timothy, born 1727; representative 
to general court in 1781 : colonel of the Fourth 
Regiment of militia of Worcester county, 
Massachusetts; married i\Iary Foster. 6. Jo- 
nas, living in 1792. 7. Elizabeth, died before 
1743. 8. Lucy, married Seth Lincoln. 9. Na- 
thaniel, married and had a son Jason. 10. 
John, see forward. 11. Elizabeth, married Sol- 
omon Green, and had a son Archelaus, who 
removed to western New York. 

(HI) John, son of Deacon Christopher and 
Elizabeth (Reed) Paige, was born in Hard- 
wick, Massachusetts. July 6, 173-8, died at 
Schaghticoke, Renssalaer county. New York, 
April 13, 1812, and was buried in the same 
grave with his wife who died four days pre- 
vious to his own demise. He removed from 
Hardwick to Stephentown, New York, in 
1790, and from thence to Schaghticoke .in 
1793. where he owned and operated a large 
farm on which he resided. Family tradition 
states that Paul Revere on his famous ride 
stopped at the house of John Paige and awak- 
ened him. In the rolls of Massachusetts sol- 
diers of the revolution there are many of the 
name. They are found under the names Page, 
Paige, Pague and Peague. There is no rec- 
ord that particularly mentions a John Paige, 
of Hardwick, although there are men by the 
name of John Page and Paige from Hard- 
wick. John Paige married, January, 1765, 
(banns published December 23, 1764) Hannah 
Winslow, born May 6, 1740, at Rochester, 
Massachusetts, died at Schaghticoke, New 
York, April 9, 1812, daughter of Captain Ed- 
ward and Hannah (Winslow) Winslow, of 
Rochester. Captain Edward Winslow was 
a son of Major Edward and Sarah Winslow, 



grandson of Kenelm (2) and Mercy (Wor- 
den) Winslow, and great-grandson of Kenelm 
Winslow (3), third son and fourth child of 
Edward and Magdalene (Ollyver) Winslow, 
of Dwilwitch, England, and brother of Gov- 
ernor Edward Winslow, governor of Ply- 
mouth Colony, 1633-36-44, "Mayflower" pas- 
senger (as was his brother Gilbert) third sign- 
er of the "Compact," and a most valuable 
man to the Pilgrim colony. Kenelm Winslow 
came to America in 1629 with his brother 
Josiah ; was deputy to the general court eight 
years, and a man of influence. He died at 
Salem. Massachusetts, September 13, 1672. 
He married, June. 1634, IMrs. Eleanor Adams, 
widow of John Adams, of Plymouth. She 
survived him and died at Marshfield, jMassa- 
chusetts, v\'here she was buried December 5, 
1681. "being eighty-three years old." Kenelm, 
eldest son of Kenelm Winslow, removed to 
Cape Cod, settled in that part of Yarmouth 
which is now known as Brewster. He was 
an miportant man in the church and town, a 
large land owner and public officer. His son, 
jMajor Edward Winslow, was a farmer of 
Rochester, Massachusetts. In 1725, together 
with Ebenezer Lewis, of Barnstable, and Ed- 
mund Freeman, of Harwich, he erected an 
iron vvorks to carry on the making and forg- 
ing of iron near his dwelling house on the 
middle branch of the Mattepoisett river. He 
was selectman 1716; town treasurer 1723- 
27; justice of the peace; major of militia and 
generally known by that title. His son. Cap- 
tain Edward Winslow, father of Hannah 
(Winslow) Paige, was a farmer and inherited 
the family homestead at Rochester, Massachu- 
setts. His wife, Hannah Winslow, also his 
cousin, was also a descendant of Kenelm Win- 
slow. After the death of his first wife, he 
married Rachel Winslow, another cousin, an- 
other descendant of Kenelm Winslow. He 
was published for a third marriage August 9, 
1767, to Mrs. Hannah Winslow, of Dighton. 
He was the father of eighteen children by his 
marriages. John and Hannah (Winslow) 
Paige, were the parents of one child. Win- 
slow, see forward. 

(IV) Rev. Winslow Paige, A. M., only 
child of John and Hannah (Winslow) Paige 
was born in Hardwick, Massachusetts, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1767, died March 15, 1838, at Gil- 
boa, New York. He studied for the ministry 
and became a regularly ordained minister of 
the Gospel. He was settled as pastor over 
the churches at Stephentown,' New York, 
1790, Stillwater, 1793-1807, town of Florida, 
]\Iontgomery county, 1808-14, Florida and 
Windham, 1814-22, Broome. Blenheim and 
Windham, 1822-27; ^'so missionary at Beaver 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



665 



Dam, 1822, Windham and Broome, 1827-30; 
Broome, 1830-36; Gilboa, 1836-37. He re- 
ceived the degree of A. M. from Brown Uni- 
versity in 1828. He married, in Windham, 
Connecticut, May, 1787, Clarissa Keyes, of 
Ashford, Connecticut, born May i, 1768, died 
May 14, 1846, daughter of General John and 
Mary (Wales) Keyes, a descendant of Solo- 
mon Keyes, the earliest on record of his 
branch of the Keyes family in America. Rob- 
ert Keyes is of record in Watertown, Mas.^a- 
chusetts, in 1633. It cannot be proven that 
Solomon was the son of Robert Keyes, al- 
though there is a similarity in the coat-of-arms 
of the two families that would suggest that 
the Robert and Solomon families are different 
branches of the same head. Solomon Keyes 
was town clerk and tithingman in Chelms- 
ford, Massachusetts, and seems to have been 
a man of influence. The old Keyes homestead, 
a roomy two-story white house, now nearly 
two hundred and fifty years old, stands in 
the town of Westford, which was set off from 
Chelmsford in 1729. The earliest record of 
Solomon is his marriage to Frances Grant at 
Newbury, Massachusetts, October 2, 1653. 
Five of his children were born there. In 1664 
he settled in Chelmsford, where his five young- 
er children were born. In the old town book 
of Chelmsford it is recorded "Sargent Solo- 
mon Keyes died March 28, 1702." His wife 
Frances died 1708. Solomon Keyes, eldest 
son of Solomon and Frances (Grant) Keyes, 

married Mary . Their eldest son Eli- 

as married Mary •. Their son Samson, 

born November 21, 1719, married and was 
the father of General John Keyes, who was 
a commissioned officer for the state of Con- 
necticut ; a companion in boyhood and in ma- 
ture years of General Israel Putnam, and 
Colonel Thomas Knowlton (who married his 
sister Anna), under whose command he was 
when the latter fell, mortally wounded, at 
Harlem Heights in 1776. General John Keyes 
was a devoted patriot and contributed his 
energies and property freely to his country's 
cause. It is said that he kept eight negroes 
in his service during the revolutionary war. 
He frequently took his negro servant Caesar 
behind him on his horse in going to battle. 
Soon after the war he emigrated to Vermont, 
where he remained but a short time, obtaining 
a grant of a township under the act of con- 
gress according lands to revolutionary officers 
and soldiers ; he removed to Canajoharie, New 
York, then a wilderness. A slaveholder, and 
living at a time when social distinctions were 
pronounced and acknowledged, he was a 
courtly and punctilious gentleman of the old 
school. He died in the town of Canajoharie, 



Montgomery county. New York, April 13, 
1824, aged eighty years. He retained to the 
last his vigor of mind and body. The day 
previous to his death he rode three miles to 
transact some business; on his return he re- 
tired at his usual hour and in apparent health; 
early the next morning he was discovered life- 
less. He married, September 28, 1767, Mary 
Wales, daughter of Captain Elisha Wales, of 
Ashford, Connecticut. Their eldest daughter 
Clarissa married Rev. Winslow Paige. Chil- 
dren : I. Colonel John Keyes, see forward. 
2. Hannah, born at Stephentown, New York ; 
married Archibald Croswell. 3. Maria C. born 
at Schaghticoke, New York; married David 
Cady, and died at Schenectady, August 11, 
1874. 4. Judge Alonzo C, born at Schaghti- 
coke, died March 31, 1868, at Schenectady, 
where he left a family. He was judge of 
the New York court of appeals. 5. Diana 
C, married Allen H. Jackson, and died Alay 
19, 1863, at Schenectady. 6. Antoinette, born 
at Schaghticoke; married Judge Piatt Potter, 
of Schenectady, and had a daughter Mary. 

(V) Colonel John Keyes, eldest son of Rev. 
Winslow and Clarissa (Keyes) Paige, was 
born at Hardvvick, Massachusetts, August 2, 
1788, died December 10, 1857, at Schenectady, 
New York. He was graduated at Williams 
College, 1807, and was a cadet at ^\'est Point. 
He studied law and was admitted to the bar, 
and commenced practice in Schenectady, con- 
tinuing until the outbreak of the war of 1812 
with Great Britain. He received a captain's 
commission in 1812 ; was soon promoted to 
colonel ; was aide to General Covington and 
afterwards to General Wilkinson. He served 
throughout the war and earned for himself 
a distinguished reputation as a soldier. In 
1818 he was elected district attorney; clerk of 
the supreme court, 1823-42: regent of New 
York State University, 1829 : presidential 
elector, 1844. and April 8, 1845, was the suc- 
cessful candidate of the Democratic party 
for mayor of Albany, the forty-fourth elected 
incumbent of that office. The \\ hig candi- 
date was Friend Humphrey, the then mayor, 
whom he was successful over by thirt\'-eight 
votes. After retiring from office he removed 
to Gilboa, New York, and in the fall of 1856 
went to Schenectady. He was a member of 
the Dutch Reformed church, and a man \\ho 
stood high in his profession and in the re- 
gard of his friends. He married (first) in 
Schenectady, New York, Octpber 16, 1817, 
Helen Maria, daughter of Governor Joseph 
Christopher and Maria (Kane) Yates. She 
died January, 1829, at Albany, leaving a .son, 
Joseph Ciiristopher Yates Paige, born July 8, 
1818, in Schenectady, New York, died ]\Iay 



666 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



30, 1876, a graduate of Williams College; 
lawyer, chamberlain of the city of Albany, 
1858-72. He married Harriet, daughter of 
Judge Jonas Vanderpoel, of Albany; children 
Helen Maria, Joseph Yates and Leonard. Col- 
onel John Keyes married (second) Novem- 
ber 2, 1833, Anna Maria, born June 12, 1805, 
daughter of Hon. Francis Bloodgood, thirty- 
eighth mayor of Albany, and in office at date 
of his daughter's marriage. Francis Blood- 
good was a direct descendant of Frans Jansen 
Bloetgoet, born in Holland, 1635, died at 
Flushing, Long Island, November 29, 1676; 
emigrated from Amsterdam, Holland, to New 
Amsterdam (New York), 1658; settled at 
Flushing, 1659, was secretary to the Colonies 
on the Delaware river, 1659; schepen of 
Flushing, 1673 ; chief military officer there 
1674; deputy to New Orange, and died from 
wounds received in a skirmish with Indians. 
He married, 1657, Lysabeth Jans, of Gouda, 
Holland. Their son William, born in Flush- 
ing, New York, 1667, was vestryman of the 
Episcopal church; grand juryman. He mar- 
ried Mary Brinkerhoff. Their son Francis, 
born in Flushing, New York, 1712, died there 
1744; was justice of the peace; married Mary 
Doughty. Their son, James B., born at Flush- 
ing, 1736, removed to Albany, 1759, where 
he was a merchant. He married Lydia, daugh- 
ter of Jacobus Van Valkenburgh. Hon. Fran- 
cis, of the fifth generation in America, was 
born in Albany, July 18, 1768, died there 
in 1842. He was a graduate of Yale Col- 
lege, 1787, and was admitted to the bar. He 
practiced law in New York City, and returned 
to Albany where he was clerk of the supreme 
court until 1823; secretary to the board of 
regents, 1798-1813; second president of the 
New York State Bank ; president of Albany 
Insurance Company, and was elected thirty- 
eighth mayor of Albany, December 29, 1830, 
over his Whig opponent, John Townsend. He 
signalized his induction into the mayor's chair 
by paying all the debts of those confined in 
jail as debtors. He was re-elected December 
27, 1832, being succeeded by Hon. Erastus 
Corning. Mr. Bloodgood was a Democrat, 
and a member of the Dutch Reformed Church. 
He was noted for his integrity. He married 
(first) Eliza Cobham, of distinguished Eng- 
lish and French ancestry (Cobham and Mont- 
morency). He married (second) Anna (Mor- 
ris) Shoemaker. Children of first marriage: 
Margaret, and Anna Maria, second wife of 
Colonel John Keyes Paige, wlio had issue: 
i. Anna Bloodgood, died unmarried 1886. ii. 
Clara Antoinette, unmarried, of Schenectady. 
iii. Frances Cobham, unmarried, of Schenec- 
tady, iv. John Keyes, see forward, v. Alonzo 



Winslow, born September 12, 1845, now of 
New York City, unmarried. 

(VI) John Keyes (2), son of Colonel John 
Keyes (i) and Anna Maria (Bloodgood) 
Paige, was born in Albany, December 14, 
1843. He was graduated at Union College, 
A. B., class of 1865, and is a long time resi- 
dent of Schenectady. He has been the organ- 
ist of St. George's Episcopal Church for fifty 
years, beginning January i, i860. For thirty 
years he has been a vestryman. He is a 
Democrat politically; was alderman from his 
ward, and in 1885 was appointed by President 
Cleveland postmaster of Schenectady, holding 
that position until 1890. During his term 
of office the free delivery system was inaugu- 
rated in Schenectady. He is a distinguished 
Free Mason, and has had many honors con- 
ferred upon him. He is past master of St. 
George's Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons ; 
is high priest of St. George's Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masons ; is emminent commander of St. 
George's Commandery, Knights Templar ; dis- 
trict deputy grand master, and has the past 
officers' jewels belonging to these high posi- 
tions. He is influential in the grand bodies 
of these Masonic orders, and well versed in 
Masonic law and usage. He married, in Sche- 
nectady, (in the house where he now resides) 
November 20, 1873, Jeannette Franchot, born 
in Morris, Otsego county. New York, daugh- 
ter of General Richard and Annie (Van Vran- 
ken) Franchot. She is a granddaughter of 
Judge Pascal Franchot, born March 30, 1774, 
in the department of de la Haule Marne, Can- 
ton de Sainte Dezier, Commune de Chamouel- 
ly, France, whose father emigrated from 
France to the United States at the beginning 
of the French revolution with his sons, who 
when he saw them safely settled in Otsego 
county returned to France. Judge Franchot 
was an important factor in the development 
of that then wild region and was an influential 
man in many ways. He married (first) Cath- 
erine, (second) Deborah, both daughters of 
Derrick Hansen. He had ten children. Rich- 
ard, son of Judge Franchot, was born in 
Morris, Otsego county. New York, in 18 16. 
He was for several years president of the 
Albany and Susquehanna railroad. In i860 
he was elected to congress. In 1862 he was 
made colonel of the One Hundred and Twenty- 
first regiment. New York Volunteers. He 
resigned his commission to Colonel LTpton, 
and served out his term as congressman, af- 
ter which he removed to Schenectady. He was 
instrumental in establishing the cotton and 
woolen mills at Morris, and did much to ad- 
vance the general interests of that town. He 
died in Schenectady, November 23, 1875. He 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



667 



married Annie Van Vranken, and they were 
the parents of Jeannette (Franchot) Paige. 
Children of John Keyes (2) and Jeanette 
(Franchot) Paige: i. John Keyes (3), born 
February 11, 1876; educated in Schenectady 
pubHc and high schools ; assistant to the de- 
partment superintendent of the General Elec- 
tric Company. 2. Richard Franchot, born 
January, 1878; educated in high school; as- 
sistant to the department manager of the 
General Electric Company. 3. Douglas War- 
ner, born April 23, 1880; graduate of Union 
University, class of 1900, degree of A. B. ; 
graduate Albany Law School, LL.B., 1903 ; 
prominently connected with the legal depart- 
ment of the Title & Guarantee Company of 
New York City. 4. Anna Bloodgood, born 
August 6, 1881. 5. Alonzo Winslow, born 
August 23, 1886; educated at the high school; 
connected with the General Electric Company. 



Edward Noah Page, son of Joseph 
PAGE Page, was born in England, De- 
cember 15, 1825, died in Water- 
ford, New York, June 22, 1900. His father, 
Joseph Page, was born in England and de- 
scended through several generations of Eng- 
lish forbears. Edward N. Page came to the 
United States in 1848 and landed in Boston. 
Latei, in 1862, he settled in Cohoes and be- 
came identified with the Cohoes Rolling Mills 
and the manufacture of certain superior 
grades of iron and steel. In 1854 the Cohoes 
Rolling Mill was built, originally to produce 
iron for the Simmons Axe Factory, then a 
flourishing concern. The capacity was twelve 
tons of iron in twenty-four hours. James 
Morrison purchased the Simmons interest and 
the firm of Morrison, Colwell & Page was 
formed. Under this management the busi- 
ness rapidly increased until the fire of Janu- 
ary 5, 1883. The works were quickly rebuilt 
in substantially their present form and are 
capable of turning out from thirty to fifty 
thousand tons of iron annually. Edward N. 
Page was the superintendent, and to his quali- 
fications much of the prosperity of the mills 
are due. He was master of the details of iron 
and steel making, having been connected with 
the iron industry since he was twelve years 
of age. He was a member and trustee of the 
Presbyterian church of Waterford, New York 
and a Republican in politics, serving several 
terms on the school board. He married Bet- 
sey Edge, born in England, died in Cohoes, 
New York, April 5, 1872. Children: four 
sons and six daughters, two sons living, 
George Henry, and Samuel T., who is in bus- 
iness with George Henry. 

(11) George Henry, oldest son and child 



of Edward Noah and Betsey (Edge) Page, 
was born in Pembroke, Maine, May 11, 1857! 
He came to Cohoes and Waterford with his 
parents and was educated in the public schools. 
He was employed in the iron works of his 
father, and on the death of the latter the fam- 
ily succeeded to the business. Mr. Page is 
a director of the People's Bank of Troy and 
identified with other business interests of Al- 
bany county. He is also trustee of the Mo- 
hawk and Hudson River Humane Society. 
He is a Republican in politics, and a trustee 
of the Presbyterian church. He married, Oc- 
tober II, 1881, Eliza, daughter of Lysander 
and Abigail (Ranney) Button, of Cohoes. 
They have no issue. 



Eliza (Button) Page traces her 
BUTTON ancestry to Matthias Button, 
who came to America with 
Governor John Endicott ; he first settled in 
Salem, Massachusetts, where he landed Sep- 
tember 6, 1628. He soon removed to Bos- 
ton, where he is found among the earliest 
settlers and was identified with the First 
Church prior to 1633. He removed to Ips- 
wich, then to Haverhill, Massachusetts, 1646, 
where he resided until his death, 1672, very 

old. He married (first) Lettyce , who 

died 1652. Married (second) Teagle 



who died 1663. Married (third) Elizabeth 
Wheeler. Children by first wife: Mary, Da- 
vid, Elizabeth. Sarah, Hannah. Children by 
second wife: Daniel, killed at the battle with 
the Indians at Bloody Brook; Abigail, Mat- 
thias, Peter and Patience. There was no is- 
sue by third marriage. His widow survived 
him several years. 

(II) Matthias (2), son of Matthias (i) 
and Teagle Button, was born at Haverhill, 
Massachusetts, 1657. He married Mary NefT. 
They removed to Plainfield, Connecticut, 1690, 
where he died 1725. 

(III) Matthias (3), son of Matthias (2) 
and Mary (Nefif) Button, was born 1689. 
He was of Plainfield, Connecticut. He mar- 
ried and had issue. 

(IV) Captain Matthias (4). son of Mat- 
thias (3) Button, was born in Connecticut. 
1727. He married Phebe Butts, and they 
had children born in Canterbury, Connecticut. 
He was a captain in the revolutionary war. 
He had five wives and children by four of 
them, said to have been twenty in all. His 
fifth wife survived him and died in Wells, 
Rutland county, Vermont, about 1811, aged 
eighty-four years. 

(V) Elizabeth, daughter of Captain Mat- 
thias (4) and Phebe (Butts) Button, born 
1748, died September 14, 1824. She married 



668 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



her cousin, Daniel Button, son of Ebenezer 
Button, born 1746, died June 9, 1791. Chil- 
dren: John, Hazzard and Daniel. 

(VI) Hazzard, son of Daniel and Elizabeth 
(Button) Button, was born in Groton, Con- 
necticut, February 10, 1780, died in Wat- 
erford, New York. He married Eurania Tut- 
tle, a descendant of Captain Tuttle, who do- 
nated the fieldland for Yale College, and 
among- their children was Lysander. 

(VH) Lysander, son of Hazzard Button, 
was born in North Haven, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 2, 1810. He appeared in Albany, New 
York, with his parents. When a mere lad he 
lived in other places, and at age of twenty- 
one settled in Waterford, Saratoga county. 
New York. He began work in Waterford 
as a machinist, and about the year 1835 en- 
tered the firm of William B. Piatt & Com- 
pany with N. B. Doe, manufacturers of fire 
engines of crude and primitive models. In 
a few years he bought out Mr. Piatt and on 
the death of Judge Doe became the sole 
owner of the business, which he conducted in 
Waterford for one-half a century. During 
that time Robert Blake was associated with 
him, a partner for several years, and after- 
ward his eldest son. Theodore E. Button, 
under firm name of Button & Son. In 1881 
he sold out to Holroyd & Company, and led 
a retired life until his death, July 29, 1898. 
When he entered the business the building of 
fire engines was in its infancy. The engines 
were of crude design and of little value for 
fire protection. He immediately began to in- 
troduce improvements, which he did not pro- 
tect with patents, and which allowed his com- 
petitors to very soon adopt them. He in- 
vented and first applied to fire engines the 
"Crane Neck," the "Butterfly" or "Folding 
Brakes," the "Squirrel Tail Suction," large 
cylinders with adjustable stroke, the return 
or "runaround" by which water could be re- 
turned to the suction to relieve pressure on 
the hose. He patented the "improved air 
chamber, with contractor neck," folding han- 
dles on hose couplings, and a number of other 
improvements on hand and steam fire engines. 
When he left the business the "Button Fire 
Engine" was a "thing of beauty" and a mar- 
vel of boundless power and the acme of fire 
fighting machinery. "Button" engines were 
sold in every state and territory in Canada, 
South America and in Europe, and wherever 
the engines went the reputation of Lysander 
Button as a total-abstaining, Sabbath-observ- 
ing, honorable christian man of business went 
with them. 

He began life absolutely without capital, but 
he never failed, never had a note go to pro- 



test, never was without unbounded credit and 
never missed a pay day. He was a busy man 
but never too busy to be interested in the wel- 
fare of his town. He served on the board of 
trustees and on the school board. He took 
especial interest in the schools and in having 
a good water supply. He was a Republican 
and a great admirer of Horace Greeley. He 
was a staunch supporter of the government 
during the civil war and never lost faith in 
the ultimate success of northern arms. He 
lost a valuable consignment of engines during 
the war which were destroyed by the privateer 
"Alabama." He was very indignant and af- 
ter walking the office floor for a few minutes 
said to his bookkeeper : "Take the ledger and 
open an account with the English pirate 'Ala- 
bama,' I will have every cent of that in good 
British gold, when the war is over," and he 
did with interest to date twenty years later. 
In 1838 he united with the Presbyterian 
church of Waterford. In 1842 he was made 
ruling elder. He was superintendent of the 
Sunday school twenty-five years and a teach- 
er until within one year of his death. He held 
the offices of deacon, trustee and leader of the 
choir at various times. For sixty years he 
was a faithful member and rarely was his 
pew vacant. He was always cheerful, of 
strong faith, sanguine temperament, fearless 
and positive, yet tenderhearted as a woman 
and loyal in his friendships. 

He married Abigail Ranney, born June 15, 
1810, died April i, 1874. Children: May 
Josephine ; Eliza, married George Henry Page 
(see Page II) ; Theodore E., in partnership 
with his father ; Julia M. : Charles Ranney ; 
Charles Ranney and Mrs. Page are the only 
survivors. Abigail (Ranney) Button was a 
descendant of Thomas Ranney, born in Scot- 
land, was of Middletown, Connecticut, in 
1658, married, in 1659, at age of forty-three, 
Mary Hubbard, aged seventeen, died June 21, 
1713, "lived 97 years," left four sons and 
six daughters. Many of the Ranney name 
served in the revolution from Massachusetts 
and Connecticut, and the name is an eminent 
one among the families of New England. The 
Button family appears often on Massachusetts 
revolutionary rolls under the name Button, 
Butten, Buten and Buton. 



Rev. Egbert Charles Law- 
LAWRENCE rence, Ph.D., 36 University 

Place, Schenectady, clergy- 
man, educator, and author, was born June 
25, 1845, in Borodino, New York, on the 
shore of Skaneateles Lake in Onondaga coun- 
ty. He is the son of Silas Rensselaer and 
Lucinda (Hull) Lawrence, the grandson of 




C^^ ■&* J$axchr^cy^<^ — n 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



669 



Peter, and Margaret (Robins) Lawrence and 
of David and Charlotte (Alvord) Hull, and 
the great-grandson of Joseph and Prudence 
(Fosdick) Lawrence and of Charles and Eu- 
nice (Learning) Alvord. Rev. E. C. Law- 
rence has not been able to trace all the links 
in the Lawrence lineage, but he believes he 
is descended from the Lawrences of Lanca- 
shire, England. 

Three Lawrence brothers, John, William, 
and Thomas, came to Long Island through 
Massachusetts in the year 1643. Thomas, the 
youngest of these brothers, was born in 1625. 
He was commissioned major by Governor 
Leisler in 1698, and died in 1703. The name 
of his first wife is not given, but Valentine's 
Manual records the marriage of Thomas Law- 
rence (widower) and Mary Ferguson, No- 
vember 9, 1692. He names his wife Mary 
and five sons in his will. Thomas, the oldest 
son by his first wife, married Francina, widow 
of Melancthon Smith. He is called Captain 
Thomas Lawrence. According to the record 
in Holland documents his marriage took place 
in the Dutch Church of Hackensack. New Jer- 
sey, in 1704. Captain Lawrence had a son 
Jacob who is said to be of Westchester. It 
is believed that he was born about 17 10. Jacob 
had a son Ezekiel, born in 1740, who married 
Zephrah Sneden and who resided in the town- 
ship of Clinton, Dutchess county, New York. 
Here the next two ancestors, Joseph and 
Peter, were bom. In due time Joseph took 
unto himself a wife from Long Island, bought 
a farm in Glenville near Schenectady, and 
there spent the remainder of his days. After 
marriage Peter removed to Cayuga county 
which thus became the birthplace of his son, 
Silas Rensselaer, the last of the line down to 
Egbert. 

Aside from the two military men, the major 
and the captain above mentioned, the Law- 
rence ancestors in this country have been in- 
dustrious and thrifty farmers and they have 
generally belonged to the Baptist church. By 
means of the "Alvord Genealogy" published 
in 1908, Dr. Lawrence can trace his mother's 
line back to John Alford, of Whitestaunton, 
county Somerset, England, who was born in 
the year 1475. The first generation in Amer- 
ica is headed by Alexander Alvord, who set- 
tled in Windsor, Connecticut, about the year 
1640, and moved to Northampton, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1661. The Hulls and Alvords are 
New England people, bred in the pioneer 
school of hardship and privation ; Yankees in 
activity, curiosity and invention; Puritans, 
mainly orthodox Congregationalists with the 
strictest ideas in morals and religion. In 
confirmation of this swift summary, lack of 



space forbids much entering into details. A 
few facts must suffice. 

Thomas Gould Alvord, one of Dr. Law- 
rence's progenitors, served in the French and 
Indian war when he was under nineteen years 
of age, and later in company with his eldest 
son and namesake, he was a soldier in the 
revolutionary war. They were cannoniers and 
both were present at the surrender of Corn- 
wallis. At the battle of White Plains, the 
father was wounded by a musket ball which 
entered his arm and passing out near the el- 
bow, was picked up by his companion, Luke 
Wadsworth, who placed the ball in his own 
gun and fired it back at the enemy. At the 
battle of Yorktown, Alvord fired a cannon 
for four hours, and when the balls gave 
out used old bolts and pieces of log-chain. 
For his service in the revolution he drew a 
piece of land from the United States, situated 
four miles north of Homer, New York. A 
son of the soldier, the next in the line of 
Dr. Lawrence's ancestors, Charles .Alvord, 
with his young wife and babe, left Farming- 
ton, Connecticut, in February, 1793, travelled 
on an ox-sled to this tract of land in the 
unbroken wilderness. From Syracuse, thirty 
miles distant, his only guide was marked trees 
with streams to ford and logs to drive over. 
His first work was to make a shelter by driv- 
ing crotches into the ground, laying poles 
across, and spreading hemlock boughs thickly 
over the whole. This served for a temporary 
house until he could build a log house and 
make a clearing to let in the sun. His nearest 
neighbor was four miles distant. From a 
brook near by he caught speckled trout, and 
trapped the mink, muskrat and beaver. Bears, 
deer, and wild pigeon were plenty and fur- 
nished his table with meat. The young babe 
above mentioned, less than a year old, who 
came with her parents on this long winter 
journey, was Charlotte Alvord, who after- 
wards became the grandmother of Dr. Law- 
rence. She was the first white child in Homer 
when the town belonged to Herkimer county, 
for the date of the Alvord's settlement was 
one year prior to the formation of Onondaga 
county, (1794). and fifteen years before the 
erection of Cortland county (1808). The first 
death in Homer was that of Mrs. Thomas 
Gould Alvord in 1795. She was the grand- 
mother of Dr. Lawrence's grandmother. Char- 
lotte Alvord. The .Mvords were the first and 
largest manufacturers of salt in Syracuse. 
Thomas Gould Alvord, known by the political 
sobriquet of "Old Salt," during his long ser- 
vice in the legislature, was speaker of assem- 
blies, vice-president of constitutional conven- 
tions, and lieutenant-governor of New York. 



"670 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



Egbert Charles Lawrence prepared for col- 
lege at Owego, New York, Academy; grad- 
uated at Union College, A. B., 1869, with 
the Warner prize cup for best scholarship and 
character, and the Latin salutatory, the honor 
for class leadership. He received the degree 
of A. M. from his alma mater in 1872. After 
graduation he taught a year in a boarding 
school on the Hudson at Mechanicsville. 
Then he was tutor in mathematics in Union 
College, 1870-72; graduated at Princeton 
Theological Seminary, 1875 ; taught a term in 
Blair Presbyterial Academy at Blairstown, 
New Jersey; pastor of Grace Presbyterian 
Church, Brooklyn, New York, 1875-77, where 
he assisted Dr. James B. Thomson in the 
preparation of his series of text books on 
mathematics. He then took a fourth year of 
study in theology at Auburn Theological Sem- 
inary and at the same time had pastoral 
•charge of Owasco Outlet Reformed Church, 
1877-78; pastor of the Second Reformed 
Church, Schenectady, 1878-80; instructor in 
Latin and mathematics and adjunct professor 
of history in Union College, 1878-82 ; pastor 
of Reformed Church of Thousand Islands, 
New York, 1882-86; pastor of Mt. Vernon 
Church, Utica Presbytery, 1886-90; Dr. Law- 
rence's last charge was a twelve years' pas- 
torate over the Westhampton Presbyterian, 
the first of the Hampton churches on the 
south shore of Long Island. At the close 
■of this term of service he removed to Sche- 
nectady, and during the last nine years, as 
opportunity has offered, he has supplied the 
pulpits of seventy-four different churches. Dr. 
Lawrence received the degree of Ph.D. in 
1889 from the National University of Chica- 
go, having taken a post-graduate course in 
physical science under the direction of Syra- 
cuse University. He is a member of the Al- 
bany Presbytery and of the New York State 
Historical Association, life director of Ameri- 
can Bible Society, director of Mohawk and 
Hudson River Humane Society and treasurer 
of Schenectady department, treasurer of Sche- 
nectady County Historical Society. He is the 
author of "Historical Recreations" and of the 
"Early Church History of Schenectady, The 
Dutch Period." He married (first), at 
Buffalo, New York, November 27, 1877, Sa- 
rah Jean, youngest daughter of the Rev. Ar- 
thur Burtis, D.D., who at the time of his death 
was professor of Greek in Miami University, 
Oxford, Ohio. Mrs. Lawrence died in 1892, 
and Dr. Lawrence married (second) in 1896, 
at Setauket, New York, Mary Sylvester, 
daughter of Dr. Henry Sylvester and Harriet 
Eliza (Hulse) Dering; granddaughter of Gen- 
eral Sylvester Dering and a descendant of 



Nathaniel Sylvester, who in 1673 was sole 
owner of Shelter Island, New York, and first 
resident proprietor of Sylvester Manor where 
Dr. Dering was born. Mrs. Lawrence is a 
member of the Society of the Colonial Dames 
of the State of New York. Dr. Lawrence 
has three children : Arthur Burtis, born 1879, 
Grace Phillips, born 1881, wife of William 
C. Yates, and John Joel, born 1883. 



As with the aborigines of America, 
REID the origin of the early inhabitants 
of Britain, or the British Isles, is a 
matter of speculation, although some writers 
claim that an analysis of the language of the 
Celts seems to indicate that they were of 
Indo-European origin, or the descendants of 
very early immigrants from India. This the- 
ory is applied to all of the languages of the 
aborigines of Europe. It is interesting, how- 
ever, to note that this does not apply to the 
dialect of the American Indians. Although 
philologists and antiquarians have found tra- 
ces of a similarity in the dialects of the Es- 
quimos and Aztecs, Iroquois, Algonquins and 
other aborigines of America, not a trace has 
been found to connect these dialects with the 
Indo-European nations. 

During an early period the highlands of 
Scotland were inhabited by barbarians who 
were called Caledonii, a race divided into 
clans, and living in rude fortresses built of 
earth and stone situated upon the crest of 
hills, and again, in fortified caves, or caverns. 
These fortresses seem to have been construc- 
ted for protection against each other, rather 
than for safety from a foreign foe. The Cale- 
donii are described as a wild half-clad hardy 
race, and warlike in the extreme. Later we 
find these primitive tribes or clans called Picts. 
The home of the Caledonii is said to have 
been north of the Frith of Forth and the 
Frith of Clyde. 

We find the name of Scotto-Irish applied 
to two clans of the great Celtic family who 
found their way into Ireland, and were called 
Dalriads. These clans are said to have es- 
tablished themselves in Ulster. In A. D. 
503 the Dalriads, or, as they were after- 
ward called, the Scotto-Irish, formed a colony 
under the direction of three sons of Ere, 
(Lorn, Furgus, and Angus), in the territory 
of the Caledonii, near a headland now known 
by the name of Cantyre, in Argyle, and across 
the North Channel from the extreme north 
end of Ireland. The Dalriads appear to have 
embraced Christianity before they arrived in 
Argyle, but do not seem to have attempted 
its introduction among the Caledonians. How- 
ever, in A. D. 563, St. Columba, "a. monk of 




>^>'^«>vnXv 



N^Nvv^^^K^^^v^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



671 



high family descent, and a cousin of Scotto- 
Irish Kings," erected a monastery on a very 
small island lying in the Scottish Sea off the 
west coast of the mainland, and known in 
poetry and history as lona. 

It is about this time that we find the term 
'Caledonians changed to Picts, and read of 
the Pictish kings and the Scotto-Irish kings, 
until in A. D. 843 a Scotch-Irish king as- 
cended the Pictish throne as Kenneth, son of 
Alpin, and the name of Picts lost to history, 
and we have in its place the names, Scots 
and Scotland, while the name Caledonia covers 
the whole of Scotland as with a blanket, and 
the aboriginal Irish designated as Celts, and 
the Scots as Gaels. 

It is said that the family name of Reid 
in Scotland comes from a family or clan which 
tore the patronymic of Rua, or the Red Ba- 
rons — probably a predatory band, as they were 
called "the Red Robbers," and the name Rua, 
in the course of continuous centuries becoming 
Reid. If this be true, it may be that an in- 
finitesimal drop of the blood of Kenneth of 
Alpin, the first Scottish King of Scotland, is 
still in my veins. 

The foregoing is from the pen of" a Reid, 
an accomplished writer, who adds, in a per- 
sonal note to the editor of this work, some 
words which are well worth preserving: "I 
have made the above record to assist in keep- 
ing in my mind the early names of my Scot- 
tish ancestry, rather than for information to 
, the reader ; but, whether I am a Celt or a 
Gael, a Pict or Caledonian, or just a plain 
€very-day Scotchman ; or whether I am a de- 
scendant from a Red Baron or a Scotto-Irish 
or Pictish king, will ever remain a mystery. 
Nor do I care much. Being born in America, 
of Scotch parentage, of law-abiding and God- 
fearing people, is a sufficiently good ancestry 
for me." 

(I) Edward Reid, of Speddock, Scotland, 
married Jane Barber. Children : Edward, 
William, James, John, Robert, Susannah and 
Agnes. 

(II) Edward (2), son of Edward (i) Reid, 
was born in Speddock, Scotland, and came to 
America in 1818. He married Maxwell Dal- 
rymple, a cousin of the Earl of Dalrymple. 
Children, James and Jane, born in Scotland, 
the others in Amsterdam, New York: i. 
James, married Lura Bartlett ; children : Ed- 
ward M. ; Jay ; ]\Iary, married John Teller 
De Graff, and had two children — Edward 
Teller, married Anna V. Taylor, and Luella, 
married David C. DeGraff. 2. Jane, married, 
1850, John Dingman ; died without issue. 3. 
Edward A., married Catherine Stewart; chil- 
dren: Jennie, Elizabeth, Archibald, Edward, 



James Morrison. 4. Ale.xander, lived and died 
at Schaghticoke, New York; had one child, 
Edward James, died at Minaville, about 1907. 
5. William, see forward. 6. Hugh Gordon. 
7. Agnes, married Sebastian Gunsalus. 

(II) William, son of Edward (i) Reid, 
was born in Speddock, parish of Holywood, 
county of Dumfries, Scotland, November 12, 
1779. He was the first of the family to come 
to America. He sailed from Greenock on 
June I, 1802, landed in New York City on 
August 8, following, after a voyage of ten 
weeks in a sailing vessel. He went direct to 
Amsterdam, New York, partly by sloop, part- 
ly afoot. He was probably attracted to that 
locality by Scotch settlements previously made 
at Galway, Broadalbin, Perth and Johnstown, 
and engaged in teaching "On the Rocks," in 
the vicinity of what afterwards became the 
Tunis I. Van Dervere estate. He accumu- 
lated considerable property by his industry, 
and was considered a wealthy man for those 
early days. He was librarian of the first 
library in Amsterdam, and was justice of the 
peace for many years. 

He married, February i, 1806, Sarah, 
daughter of Elisha and Sarah Arnold, whose 
other child was Benedict Arnold, married 
Mary Bovee. Children of William and 
Sarah (Arnold) Reid: i. Marian, born De- 
cember 7, 1806, died March 3, 1835; married, 
June 8, 1826, John B. Borst. 2. Minerva, 
born June 21, 1808, died June 27, 1833; mar- 
ried, April 26, 1833, Merritt Bates. 3. James 
Benedict, born November 19, 1810, died 
March 20, 1862; married Jane E. De Graff. 
4. Darwin E., born September 9, 1812; mar- 
ried, 1835, Elizabeth Kingsbury. 5. Alex- 
ander, born August 29, 1815, died October 22, 
181 5. 6. Louisa Jane, born August 16, 1820, 
died September 3, 1872 ; married, September 
20, 1844, Orin David. 

Mr. Reid married (second) Chloe, daugh- 
ter of Dudley Smith, of Galway, New York. 
Children: i. William Edward, born July i, 
1836, died August 11, 1837. 2. William Max- 
well, born June 8, 1839 ; see forward. 3. 
John Warren, born August 2, 1843. died May 
23, 1846. 4. Myron \Miite, born October 22, 
1845; married Sarah Kellogg; one son, Wil- 
Ham Kellogg Reid, married Mabelle Putnam; 
no issue. 

(III) William Maxwell, eldest child of 
William (i) and Chloe (Smith) Reid, was 
born in Amsterdam, New York, June 8, 1839. 
He received his education in Amsterdam 
Academy, and engaged in mercantile business. 
He was the founder of the Amsterdam Board 
of Trade, was its first president, and re- 
mained in that position for seventeen years. 



672 



HUDSON AND ^^lOHAWK VALLEYS 



At the beginning of this connection he came 
in touch with many plans for the benefit of 
the people of Amsterdam, notably the secur- 
ing of a city charter in 1885 ; the organiza- 
tion and successful advancement of the Ams- 
terdam Hospital, of which he has been a 
trustee for many years ; the rebuilding of St. 
Ann's Church, and other praiseworthy enter- 
prises. He has also long served as a trustee 
of the Children's Home. 

Mr. Reid's principal distinction, however, 
is as an author. At the age of fifty, having 
some leisure, he became interested in the 
early history of the Mohawk Valley, and 
also in the general history of the Aborigines 
of North America. Embued and obsessed 
with this theme, he wrote for a local paper a 
series of articles called "HoUender Letters." 
With this as a beginning it was easy to com- 
pile a book entitled "The Mohawk Valley; 
Its Legends and Its History." Soon after 
the publication of this book "The History of 
the Terrible Mohawks" was published seri- 
ally, after which followed "The Story of Old 
Fort Johnson." He also wrote a "History of 
St. Ann's Church and Queen Anne's Chapel." 
At this writing "Lake George and Lake 
Champlain" is in the hands of the publishers, 
to be issued in May. 

Mr. Reid assisted in organizing the Mont- 
gomery County Historical Society. He is a 
member of the American Historical Associ- 
ation, the New York State Historical Society, 
the American Scenic and Historic Preserva- 
tion Society, and trustee and corresponding 
secretary of the New York Genealogical and 
Biographical Society. He is also a member of 
Artisan Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, 
and of the Fort Johnson Club, and a member 
of the Masonic Club. He is senior warden 
of St. Ann's Church, Amsterdam. 

Mr. Reid married, June 8, 1859, Laura L. 
McDonald; children: i. James McDonald, 
born June 8, i860 ; married Carrie Nettle ; 
one daughter, Laura Pauline Reid. 2. Emma 
Maria, born July 22, 1862, died December 
5, 1862. 3. Bella Louise, born August 4, 
1864, died February 18, 1866. 4. Carrie 
Christine, born September 8, 1869; married, 
August 15. 1901, Frazier C. Whitcomb. 5. 
Maxwell Charles, born March 15, 1872, died 
November 22, 1877. 6. Augustus Clark, born 
October 8, 1874. 



This family is mentioned promi- 
TUCKER nently in early New England 

records. Many of the name 
settled early in Massachusetts and rapidly 
passed into adjoining colonies, New Hamp- 
shire, Vermont and Maine. The family is 



numerous in New Jersey, where they were 
early settlers in the Passaic valley. A num- 
ber of the early family went to Virginia, 
where the name is of frequent occurrence. 
In New England, Richard Tucker was one 
of the first white settlers of the present city 
of Portland. He was a business partner for 
a time of the notorious George Cleeves. Abra- 
ham and John Tucker were early proprietors 
of Dartmouth, Massachusetts, as was Heiiry 
Tucker, of Sandwich. Moses Tucker, of 
Salisbury, Massachusetts, born in England, 
had many descendants who settled in New 
Hampshire, where Captain Moses Tucker, a 
noted soldier of the earlier colonial wars, lived 
at Ipswich. His son Moses was also a sol- 
dier, serving in the revolutionary war. Moses 
Tucker, of Salisbury, Massachusetts, is men- 
tioned in the records, October 14, 1661, when 
his marriage to Elizabeth Stevens is recorded. 
William Howard Tucker wrote a history of 
Hartford, Vermont. A numerous branch of 
the family settled in Newbury, Vermont, de- 
scendants of Robert of Weymouth. They 
were men of substance, of marked individ- 
uality, above the usual height and weight. It 
used to 'be said of them in earlier days that 
"90 lineal feet of Tuckers go into the LTnion 
Meeting house every Sunday." The family 
in Amsterdam descend from the Vermont 
Tuckers. 

(I) Edward H. Tucker, born in Vermont, 
married and had the following children: i. 
Theodore S., a resident of Battle Creek, 
Michigan. 2. Wilson S., M.D., was a promi- 
nent physician of New York city; left a 
widow, a son Wilson, and a daughter Mary. 
3. Virginia, married Robert Hasbrook, and 
left sons : Robert, Charles and William Has- 
brook. 4. Edward H. (2), see forward. 

(II) Edward H. (2), son of Edward H. 
(i) Tucker, was born in 1825. He was reared 
and educated in Vermont, removing after his 
marriage to Montgomery county, New York. 
He met a tragic death by drowning. He, 
with his son and a young lady, were fishing 
from a boat on Joanna Lake, Minnesota, 
when the boat upset and all were drowned. 
He married, in Vermont, about 1830, Anna 
Waldon Fiske, a native of Vermont, and 
cousin of "Jim Fiske," former partner of Jay 
Gould, and one of the earlier kings of finance 
and captains of industry. She died in Ams- 
terdam, New York, 1895, at the age of sixty- 
five years. Children: i. Henry, married and 
settled in Minnesota, near St. Paul ; he met 
his death with his father in the accident pre- 
viously mentioned. 2. Edward H. (3), see 
forward. 3. William, died young. 4. Jennie 
v., married Richard Denny; she survives 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



673 



him, resident of Waterloo, New York, with 
a son, Richard Denny. 5. Nettie, married 
James Neff : has Maud and May Neff ; the 
family reside in Tampa, Florida. 6. Benja- 
min, now of Chicago, Illinois, married, and 
has sons Harry and Walter D. 7. Alma. 8. 
Hattie, married Ward Schermerhorn, of 
Schenectady, New York. 

(HI) Edward H. (3), son of Edward H. 
(2) and Anna Waldon (Fiske) Tucker, was 
born in Brattleboro, Vermont, May 30, 1847. 
He is a manufacturer of gloves in Amster- 
dam, and interested in the real estate business. 
He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and politically a Republican. He mar- 
ried, in Amsterdam, February 23, 1879, Cath- 
arine V. Miller, born in North Broadalbin, 
June 2, 1854. (See Miller forward.) Chil- 
dren : I. Lena, died at the age of two years. 
2. William, killed in the west. 3. Carrie, mar- 
ried (first) Simon Reese, accidentally killed 
in the mills, leaving a son, Edward Reese ; she 
married (second) Edward Jackson. 4. Mag- 
gie, married Warden W. Rhodes, a general 
merchant of Benedict, New York. Their onl) 
child, Dorothy, died at the age of two years. 

(The Miller Line). 

William H. Miller, grandfather of Mrs. 
Edward H. Tucker, was born in Northampton, 
Fulton county. New York ; died in 1865. He 

was a farmer. He married (first) Slo- 

cum, who died in middle life, leaving: i. Bet- 
sey, married Joseph Gifford, both deceased. 
2. Agnes, married Joseph King, both deceased, 
leaving three children. 3. Nathaniel, see for- 
ward. 4. Joseph, died unmarried. 

(H) Nathaniel, son of William H. Miller, 
born in Fulton county. New York, 1827, was 
reared on his father's farm, educated in the 
public schools, and became a successful 
farmer of North Broadalbin. After many 
years of profitable farming he retired to the 
city of Amsterdam, where he died May 7, 
1901, and is buried in Green Hill cemetery. 
He married, in North Broadalbin, C3'nthia J. 
Van Derburg, born in Northampton, New 
York, April 24, 1827, died in Amsterdam, 
February 12, 1905, and is buried beside her 
husband. They were both members of the 
Baptist church. She was a daughter of 
Abram and Catherine J. Fay Van Derburg. 
For many years Abram Van Derburg was a 
merchant and hotel keeper, later a farmer of 
Fulton county. He became a man of means, 
and died at the age of eighty, surviving his 
wife many years. They were active members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. Children: 
Cynthia J. (Mrs. Nathaniel Miller), and a 
son, Asa, who died at the age of seventy 



years: married (first) Betsey Brewer, who 
bore him George E. and Mary J. Van Der- 
burg; married (second) Lucy Steele, who 
survives him, resident of Broadalbin; child 
of second marriage: Minerva, married Rich- 
ard Van Valkin, and left children: Matilda, 
Abram, Frances, Henrietta. The latter mar- 
ried John Bundige, who survives his wife 
and resides in North Broadalbin with his 
children: Georgianna, Frederick, Eliza and 
Abram Bundige. The children of Nathaniel 
and Cynthia J. (Van Derburg) Miller are: 
I. George, a resident of Hagaman ; married 
Marietta Forbes, and has Jennie, Carrie, 
Frank and Maud Miller. 2. Frances, de- 
ceased ; married Henry Buell, and had a 
daughter Alice, who died in childhood. 3. 
Charles, deceased, married (first) Olive Van 
Arnam ; children : Fannie Conant, Percy and 
Charles. He married (second) Catherine 
Seward, who survives him, resident of Tribes 
Hill, New York. 4. Catharine V., married 
Edward H. Tucker. 5. Mary Estelle, married 
Frank H. McConnell, of Amsterdam, and has 
a daughter Lela, born 1892. 6. James M., a 
successful grocery merchant of Amsterdam ; 
he has served as alderman of the city through 
two elections; he married (first) Martha Gor- 
don, born March 15, 1867, in Amsterdam, died 
June I, 189,1, leaving a daughter Marjorie, 
born May 26, 189 1 ; married (second) Har- 
riet M. Helling, born in West Galway, Sara- 
toga county. New York. August 20, 1868, 
daughter of Garrett and Jean (Whillie) Hel- 
ling, of Dutch descent, who came from \'er- 
mont to West Galway. where he died. Jean 
Whillie was born in Greenlaw, Scotland, in 
1814. The children of Garrett and Jean Hel- 
Hng were: i. Harriet M. (Mrs. James Mil- 
ler). 2. Garrett, married Mary Kavanaugh, 
and has a daughter, Lillian H. Helling. 3. 
James, unmarried. 

The progenitor of the 
\\'OODWARD Woodward f a m i 1 y in 
America. Richard Wood- 
ward, was born in England in the year 1589. 
He embarked October 10, 1634. at Ipswich, 
England, for New England, making the voy- 
age in the "Elizabeth," and settled at Water- 
town, Massachusetts. His wife's given name 
was Rose. 

(II) George, son of Richard Woodward, 
was born in England in 1621, accompanied 
his father to America, and died May 31. 1676. 
His wife's name was Mary. 

(III) John, son of George and Mary 
Woodward, was born in Watertown. Massa- 
chusetts, March 20. 165 1. died in 1728. His 
second wife was Sarah Bancroft. 



674 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



(IV) Joseph, son of John and Sarah (Ban- 
croft) Woodward, was born in Newton, Mas- 
sachusetts, November 26, 1688, died May 30, 
1727. He married, June 24, 1714, Elizabeth 
Silsby. 

(V) Joseph (2), son of Joseph (i) and 
Elizabeth (Silsby) Woodward, was born 
February 26, 1725-26, in Canterbury, Connec- 
ticut, died July 8, 18 14, at Ashford, Connec- 
ticut. He filled many public positions in 
Windham and Ashford, and for twenty-six 
years held the most important offices in the 
gift of his townsmen. He served in the revo- 
lutionary war, and was in Boston at the time 
of its evacuation by the British. There is in 
existence a letter that he wrote to his wife 
while there. He married. May 19, 1748, 
Elizabeth Perkins, of Norwich, Connecticut, 
who died September 28, 1823, at the age of 
ninety-one years. Children: i. Elizabeth, 
born May 22, 1749, died January 18, 1814. 

2. Joseph, May 26, 175 1. 3. Jason, July 10, 
1753, died July 15, 1821. 4. John, June 10, 
1755- 5- Martha, August 13, 1757, died Jan- 
uary 8, 1847. 6. William, November 14, 
1759, served as a soldier in the colonial army, 
was taken prisoner at Fort Washington, No- 
vember 16, 1776, and remained a prisoner 
until he died, December 30 of that year. 7. 
Abner, see forward. 8. Phineas, born June 

3, 1764, died in 1776. 9. Othniel, September 
8, 1766. 10. Perkins Bushnell, August 17, 
1770. II. Levi, August 19, 1773. 

(VI) Abner, son of Joseph (2) and Eliza- 
beth (Perkins) Woodward, was born July 
10, 1762, in Ashford, Connecticut, died Jan- 
uary 28, 1840. He was an extensive farmer 
in Ashford. According to "Connecticut in 
the Revolution," Abner Woodward was a 
pensioner of the revolutionary war, having 
served through several campaigns. He mar- 
ried (first) April 15, 1789, Miriam, born De- 
cember 15, 1766, in Ashford, daughter of 
Abraham Knowlton, and a relative of Colonel 
Knowlton, of Ashford, Connecticut. She was 
a descendant of Miles Standish, who came 
over in the "Mayflower." She died August 
14, 1793. Children: i. Hial, see forward. 
2. Joseph, born December 30, 1792, died Octo- 
ber 17, 1793. He married (second) Eunice 
Fuller, born July i, 1769. Children: 3. Jo- 
seph, born November 17, 1795, died August 
31, 1 85 1. 4. Jonathan, September 23, 1797, 
died December 10, 1875. 5. Jerusha, June 26, 
1799, died October 27, 1847. 6. Jelina, Sep- 
tember 8, 1802. No date of death. 7. Ash- 
bel, June 26, 1804, died December, 1885. 8. 
Otis, August 10, 1807, died May 26, 1894. 9. 
Henry, 1809, died December 6, 1809. 10. 
Elizabeth Perkins, August, 181 1, died Febru- 



ary 26, 1814. II. Royal, November 13, 181 5,. 
died October 2, 1882. 

(VII) Hial, son of Abner and Miriam' 
(Knowlton) Woodward, was born in Ash- 
ford, September 20, 1790, died at Enfield, 
March 23, 1857. About 1819 he located in' 
Enfield, Hartford county, Connecticut. He 
started the first United States mail coach on 
the east side of the Connecticut river, between^ 
Hartford, Connecticut, and Walpole, Massa- 
chusetts, continuing this service for seven 
years. He engaged in farming in Enfield,, 
and in 1826 settled on the farm, later occu- 
pied by his son Henry C, where he passed 
the remainder of his life. He was a soldier 
in the war of 1812. He married, February 
8, 1818, Anna Higgins, daughter of Abram 
Andrews, of Haddam, Connecticut, where she 
was born December 30, 1796. She died Feb- 
ruary 15, 1875. Abram Andrews lived in 
Haddam, Connecticut. He was a soldier in 
both the revolution and the war of 1812, en- 
tering the former at the age of sixteen and 
serving several years. Until the beginning 
of the war of 1812 he carried on the grocery 
business in Hartford, but when the war broke 
out he offered his services to the government, 
and died while with his company at Green 
Bay, Wisconsin. He married Sarah Higgins, 
of Haddam, Connecticut. Children of Hial 
and Anna Higgins (Andrews) Woodward: 
I. Miriam, born February 11, 1819; married 
Erastus Hemingway. 2. Anna Maria, Sep- 
tember 21, 1820, died April 30, 1880; married 
George L. Welton. 3. Emily, December 14, 
1822, died November 28, 1884; married 
George Lord. 4. William, October 15, 1824, 
died May 28, 1873; married Abigail Smith. 
5. Sarah C, July 2, 1826; married James B. 
Packard. 6. Abner, February 7, 1828, died 
May II, 1895; married Lucy Harris. 7. 
Henry C, see forward. 8. Hial, May 24, 
1832, died September 10, 1833. 9. Joseph, 
August 20, 1835. 10. Harriet L., August 24, 
1837 ; married Caleb L. Packard. 

(VIII) Henry C, son of Hial and Anna 
Higgins (Andrews) Woodward, was born 
October 27, 1829. He was reared to manhood 
on the homestead, receiving his education in 
the common school of the neighborhood. In' 
early youth he served an apprenticeship of 
two and one-half years and learned the car- 
penter's trade in Hartford, Connecticut. Dur- 
ing the year 1856 he went to Charlestown, 
South Carolina, where he was employed as 
foreman of a gang of slave carpenters. The 
following year he engaged in contracting on 
his own account. He returned to Enfield in' 
1858 and carried on extensively contracting 
and building there and in surrounding towns. 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



675 



including Boston and Hartford, employing 
many carpenters and laborers. He continued 
in that business until 1877, since then he has 
devoted his time and attention to agricultural 
pursuits, making a specialty of tobacco rais- 
ing and dairying, keeping for the latter pur- 
pose a large herd of cows. He has been very 
successful in all his undertakings, and besides 
his farm has acquired much valuable property 
in Windsor Locks. He is a charter member 
of Doric Lodge, No. 94, A. F. and A. M. 
Politically he was a Democrat with the Gree- 
ley movement in 1872 ; since then he has been 
an ardent Republican. He has taken an active 
interest in public affairs, and in 1891 origi- 
nated the citizens' ticket, which was success- 
ful for three years. Mr. Woodward is de- 
scended through his grandmother, Miriam 
Knowlton, from Captain William Knowlton, 
the ancestor of the American branch of the 
family, who was a native of England. He 
married in England Ann Elizabeth Smith, and 
is supposed to have sailed with his family 
from the port of London in 1632, bound for 
Nova Scotia. He was part owner of the ship 
in which he took passage. He died on the 
voyage, and his widow and children, after re- 
maining a short time in Nova Scotia, removed 
to Ipswich, Massachusetts. Mr. Woodward 
married. May 15, 1861, Adelaide, born in 
Simsbury, Connecticut, December 31, 1836, a 
daughter of Joseph N. and Wealthy Ann 
(Lord) Hall, of Windsor, Connecticut. Mr. 
Woodward and his wife have long been mem- 
bers of the First Congregational Church of 
Enfield, and identified with church work in 
all its branches. Children: i. Cassius Henry, 
born July 20, 1863; married, 1895, Sarah 
Morris, of Ping, Garfield county, Washing- 
ton. 2. Carrie Hall, July 7, 1865 ; living in 
Enfield, Connecticut. 3. Herbert William, 
January 17, 1872, died May 25, 1873. 4. 
Burton Knowlton, see forward. 5. Mary 
Adelaide, March 7, 1876, died January 2, 
1902; married, June 28, 1899, Albert M. 
Jones, principal of the boys' literary depart- 
ment of Perkins Institute, South Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts. 

(IX) Burton Knowlton, son of Henry C. 
and Adelaide (Hall) Woodward, was born 
June 30, 1873, in Enfield, Connecticut. He 
received his education in the public schools 
of Hartford, graduating from high school in 
1892. He entered the employ of Hall & Hart- 
well, as clerk, at Troy, New York. In 1908 
he was admitted to a partnership in the firm, 
and is at the head of the purchasing depart- 
ment, a position for which he is eminently 
fitted. The firm, now (1910), Hall, Hartwell 
& Company, manufacture shirts and collars, 



have mills at Troy and Albany, New York, 
and are among the leading manufacturers in 
their line. Mr. Woodward is a member and 
an elder of the Second Presbyterian Church. 
He is a Republican in politics. He married, 
June 23, 1897, Grace E., daughter of George 
K. and Elizabeth (Abbe) Pryor, of Enfield, 
Connecticut. Children: i. Henry Abbe, born 
April 2, 1898. 2. Burton Knowlton (2), April 
23. 1899. 3. Hermon Hall, February i, 1901. 

This ancient Scottish 
ROBERTSON family has an ancestry 
very interesting to trace. 
The Robertsons of Strowan are unquestion- 
ably one of the oldest and most eminent fam- 
ilies in Scotland, being the sole remaining 
branch of that royal house which occupied 
the throne and kingdom during the eleventh, 
twelfth and thirteenth centuries, from which 
they can distinctly trace their descent. Says 
Skene: "It is undoubted that the Robertsons 
are descended from the ancient Earls of .Athol, 
which house sprang from Duncan, King of 
Scotland, eldest son of Malcolm III surnamed 
Canmore." 

The Earls of Athol were the ancestors of 
the Robertsons of Strowan. They were the 
Robertson family before the name Robertson 
was assumed. Crenan, Lord or Earl of Athol, 
married Balhoe (or Beatrice), daughter of 
King Malcolm II. Crenan and Balho were 
the ancestors of all the Scottish kings from 
Duncan I. to Alexander III. in the male line 
except Macbeth. In America the allied fam- 
ilies include the Patrick Henry family of Vir- 
ginia, the Hamiltons and Livingstons of New 
York, Mac Naughtons, Mac Dougalls and 
many others famous in American history. 

(I) John Robertson, of Peterhead, Aber- 
deenshire, Scotland, the immediate ancestor 
of William, "the founder," was a descendant 
of John Robertson, first Laird of Munton. 
Elginshire, and his wife. Lady Margaret 
Crighton. He married Anne Hamilton, one 
of whose ancestors, the first Lord Hamilton, 
married in 1474 Princess Mary, eldest daugh- 
ter of King James II. of Scotland. The Ham- 
ilton family has been known in Scotland 
since the thirteenth century, and lias been a 
ducal family since 1643. During nearly a 
century the house of Hamilton was, after the 
royal family, heir to the Scottish throne. John 
and Anne (Hamilton) Robertson had a son 
William, who founded the family (here con- 
sidered) in America, and a daughter Anne, 
who died voung. 

(II) William, son of John and Anne 
(Hamilton) Robertson, was bom January 24. 
1752, at Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 



676 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



died Februars' 19, 1825. in Argyle, Washing- 
ton county, Xew York, on the Robertson 
homestead' ^^■hen he was ten years old, after 
the death of his father, mother and only sis- 
ter Anne, he was sent to Kilkenny, Ireland, 
to live with his bachelor uncle, Gilbert. In 
1772 he came to America with his uncle. They 
settled on Ballen Kill, town of Jackson, Wash- 
ington county. New York. Gilbert Robert- 
son returned to Ireland and died in Kilkenny. 
He left the farm to William, who later sold it 
and removed to Argj'le, where he lived the 
remainder of his days. He married Mary 
Livingston, born September 26, 1757, at Tap- 
pan, Rockland county, New York, died Au- 
gust 7, 1793, in Argyle. She was the eldest 
daughter of Archibald and Eleanor (Mc- 
Naughton) Livingston. The Livingston an- 
cestry traces descent from the seventh Lord 
Livingston, Earl of Linlithgow and Calender, 
Scotland, and the IMac-Naughtons and the 
Mac Donalds, whose ancestor, John Alac Don- 
ald, Lord of the Isles, married Margaret, 
daughter of King Robert II. of Scotland. The 
line continues to the great Douglass Clan and 
George, fifth Earl Marischal of Scotland. 
Children: i. Anna, married John McNeil and 
had issue. 2. Gilbert, see forward. 3. Archi- 
bald, married Mary Ann, daughter of Thomas 
and Mary Ann (Mahan) Cook, and had issue. 

4. Jeanette, married James McDougall and 
had issue : he was a descendant of Sir John 
McDougall, of Dunolly, whose grandson 
Alexander settled in Orange county. New 
York, took an active part in the French and 
revolutionary wars, and is said to have com- 
manded a brigade at the battle of Saratoga. 

5. William, married Mary McDougall and 
had issue ; she was granddaughter of Captain 
Alexander Thomas of the revolution through 
his second daughter Sarah. 6. John, married 
Anna Small and had issue ; she was also a 
granddaughter of Captain Alexander Thomas 
through his youngest daughter Phebe. 7. 
Hon. Alexander, married Jane Savage Mc- 
Dougall and had issue ; he settled in the town 
of Salem and was surrogate of Washington 
county. New York. 8. Moses, unmarried. 9. 
Mary, married James Patten and had issue ; 
one of her sons, Hon. William Patten, served 
eight years in the Illinois legislature : he 
voted for Abraham Lincoln for senator at 
the time he was opposed by Stephen A. Doug- 
lass ; he was for forty years ruling elder of 
the United Presbyterian Church at "Sandwich, 
Illinois, and captain of Company H, One 
Hundred and Fifty-sixth Regiment, Illinois 
Volunteers, during the civil w"ar. 

(Ill) Gilbert, eldest son of William and 
Mary (Livingston) Robertson, was born in 



the town of Greenwich, Washington county, 
New York, August 24, 1778, died at his home 
in Argyle, New York, February 10, 1865. He 
inherited the homestead farm on which he 
resided. He married in Argyle, New York, 
October i, 1804, Elizabeth Dow, born near 
the river Dee in Aberdeenshire, Scotland, 
February 5, 1781, came to America in 1802, 
died at Argyle, February 13, 1852. "Children: 

1. Mary L., born July 24, 1805, died February 
15, 1828 ; married James Small and had issue. 

2. Jeanette, April 24, 1807, died February 28, 
1855 ; married Thomas Reid and had issue. 

3. Hon. William D., January 31, 1810, died 
July 6, 1897 ; married Jeanette Shaw and had 
issue. He served in the state legislature and 
was president of the Greenwich Bank and 
of the Greenwich and Johnsville Railroad 
Company. 4. Margaret Ann, February 8, 
1815, died July 20, 1844; married David Law, 
son of Robert I. and Anna (Small) Law; 
their only daughter died September 9, 1866. 
5. Gilbert, see forward. 6. Eliza, January i, 
1817, died May i, 1851; married William 
Lendrum, son of George and Mary (Robin- 
son) Lendrum ; they had issue. 

(IV) Hon. Gilbe'rt (2), son of Gilbert (i) 
and Elizabeth (Dow) Robertson, was born in 
Argyle, Washington county. New York, Feb- 
ruary 8, 1815, died April 23, 1896, in Troy, 
New York. He received his early education 
in the public school, prepared for college at 
Cambridge and Herkimer academies, and at 
age of eighteen entered Union College, from 
which he was graduated in 1837. For the two 
years ensuing he taught school in Columbia 
county. New York. In 1839 he entered the 
law office of Cady & Fairchild at Salem, re- 
maining until 1840, when he located in Troy, 
entering the law office of Hayner & Gould. 
In 1843 he was admitted to the bar and com- 
menced the practice of his profession, which 
he continued until his death. He was always 
a friend of the public school system, and in 
1843 was elected to the school board of Troy. 
He saw the defects of the old system, labored 
and brought about the needed reforms and 
had the appropriations for schools doubled. 
He was early connected with the work of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, and in 
1847 was president of the association, after 
having served as corresponding secretary. In 
1847 he v.'as appointed by the governor a 
justice of the peace, and in 1848, this office 
having become elective, he was chosen for 
the position, serving until 1853. During this 
time he was also police justice. In 185 1 he 
was elected recorder, serving until 1856. By 
virtue of that office he was presiding officer 
of the common council. In 1852 he was one 



I 



iift'% 




- /C-ir'€i^oz^4-<i~>L. 




HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



677 



of a committee to sell the Troy and Schenec- 
tady railroad, which was successfully accom- 
plished. Russell Sage, who was a director of 
the company, was an associate on the com- 
mittee. In 1859 he was elected county judge 
and re-elected in 1863. He was an eminently 
fair and impartial judge, and distinguished for 
these very essential traits. December 29, 
1869, he was appointed United States assessor 
of internal revenue of New York state by 
President Grant. In 1873 he was appointed 
postmaster of Troy by President Grant, was 
reappointed in 1878 and again April 4, 1882, 
by President Arthur. He was succeeded in 
1886 by the Democratic appointee of Presi- 
dent Cleveland, Edward Dolan. 

Judge Robertson gave the city a most satis- 
factory, business-like administration of the 
post office. During his three terms he intro- 
duced many improvements in the service and 
the increased facilities were so well appre- 
ciated that almost every business firm in the 
city, regardless of party, petitioned for his 
retention. During this period he was the 
leader of the Republican forces in the county ; 
he was a born leader and thorough organizer 
and built up the party to a strength and power 
it has never since known. Originally a Whig, 
he joined at once with the Republican party, 
and as early as 1856 was chairman of the 
county committee and with the exception of 
one term held the office for twenty years. He 
was also a member of the state executive com- 
mittee, and at state conventions, by his diplo- 
macy and tact, often averted open rupture. 
He was a member of the state board of medi- 
ation and arbitration appointed in 1886 by 
Governor Hill, and held the office until his 
death. During his long public career he con- 
tinued his legal business, having several part- 
ners at difi^erent times, his last being Samuel 
Foster, who had been a partner in his earlier 
days. He was a man who wielded great 
power but never abused it. He was loved 
by his friends and respected by those in oppo- 
sition to him. His integrity was never ques- 
tioned nor assailed either in political, profes- 
sional or business life. As a citizen, lawyer, 
official or politician, the people had confidence 
in him, and that confidence was never be- 
trayed. As a social, genial companion he 
exercised a power among his associates rarely 
equalled. He was of magnificent physique, 
and very fond of horseback riding; mounted 
on a fine horse, he made a figure long to be 
remembered. 

He married in Troy, June 10, 1852, Ange- 
line, born March 22, 1832, in Troy, daughter 
of Dr. Joseph and Rachel (Mitchel) Daggett. 
Children: i. Gilbert Daggett, born March 14, 



1853 ; married Annie Ia)uise Eames, May 18, 
1880, in Worcester, Massachusetts. 2. Mary 
Elizabeth, September 5. 1854 ; unmarried. 3. 
Wilham, November 13, 1857, died November 
21, 1857. 4. John Livingston, March 27, 1869- 
unmarried. Mrs. Judge Robertson survives 
her husband and resides in Troy, New York. 

This family was es- 
SCHERMERHORN tablished in the Mo- 
hawk \'allev bv Ja- 
cob Janse Schermerhorn. born in 1622. in 
Waterland, Holland, though in 1654 his father 
was a resident of .Amsterdam, Holland : died 
at Schenectady, 1689. At an early dav Jacob 
Janse came to Beverwyck. where he 'became 
prosperous as an Indian trader and brewer. 
In 1648 he transgressed the law against sell- 
ing arrns and ammunition to the Indians. He 
was tried by order of Governor Stuyvesant 
and sentenced to banishment for five years 
and the confiscation of his property. Several 
leading citizens interfered in his 'behalf and 
succeeded in having the banishment clause of 
the sentence revoked, but his property was 
totally lost. These proceedings against' Jacob 
Schermerhorn formed later a ground for com- 
plaint against Stuyvesant to the States Gen- 
eral. He made his will May 20, 1688, and 
devised property worth 56,822 guilders (about 
$23,000), so the old pioneer soon retrieved 
his fortunes. His estate was considered very 
large at that time, and was exceeded by few 
except the patroons and men of high official 
rank. He married Jannetje Segers, a daugh- 
ter of Cornelius Segerse Van Voorhoudt. He 
made his will May 20, t688, and soon after 
died in Schenectady. He mentions in his will 
children : Ryer, see forward : Symon ; Helena, 
married Mynder Harmeuse \'an Der Bogart; 
Jacob ; Machletdt, married Johannes Beek- 
man ; Cornelis ; Jannetje, married Caspar 
Springstein ; Neeltje, married Barent Ten 
Eyck ; Lucas. 

(II) Ryer, eldest son of Jacob Janse and 
Jannetje Segers (Van Voorhoudt) Schermer- 
horn, settled in Schenectady. He was one of 
the five patentees of the patent granted in 
1684, and in 1700 was the sole survivor of the 
original owners of the township. Three of 
them, Myndert Wemp. Jan Van Epps and 
Sweer Terenise Van \'elsen, were killed, Feb- 
ruary 9, 1698-99, and the fourth, ^^■illiam Tel- 
ler, died at Albany in 1700. There were about 
eighty thousand acres of land in the Schenec- 
tad}' patent, all of which now came under the 
charge and management of one trustee, save 
the few farms that had been granted before. 
This one man power soon became distasteful 
to the people, who petitioned for a new char- 



678 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



ter which should give them power of choosing 
five trustees to hold office three years. The 
new charter was granted, but Schermerhorn 
paid no attention to it nor to his newly ap- 
pointed fellow trustees. He still continued to 
act as sole "trustee for the town in receiving 
rents, issues and profits thereof, and in 
prosecuting suits of law in his own name 
only, without giving any account thereof — 
this too in spite of his suspension from office 
by the governor. The secret of his stubborn 
persistence in the duties of the trusteeship 
was the fact that the first patent of 1684 was 
still binding, and he, as the sole survivor of 
the trustees, was vested with all the authority 
and power originally granted to the five trus- 
tees named in the first patent. The fee of the 
land was in him. his "heirs, successors and 
assi-^ns," and could only be alienated by death 
or release in due form. The second charter 
was amended and on May 25, 1714, Schermer- 
horn appeared before the governor and coun- 
cil "and after a full hearing of all matters 
against him, was suspended from "acting fur- 
ther as trustee of the said Towne" ; but he 
continued obstinate, disregarding the demand 
of the new trustees for an accounting to them 
of his official acts. They then commenced 
suit against him in the court of chancery, he 
and his friends in turn instituting counter 
suits in the same court. These several suits 
and others continued down to the death of the 
second Ryer Schermerhorn in 1795, a period 
of nearly one hundred years, and were only 
settled by the New York legislature passing 
an act, March 26, 1797, which took all powers 
and duties in relation to the common lands, 
conferring them upon the mayor, alderman 
and commonalty of Schenectady. A commis- 
sion was appointed under the act who finally 
determined all claims and closed their ac- 
counts, August 10, 1798- In 1690 Ryer 
Schermerhorn was a member of the provincial 
assembly from Albany county and justiceof 
the peace; in 1700 he was appointed assist- 
ant to the judge of the court of _ common 
pleas. He was a man of unusual ability, firm 
will, undaunted courage, great strength and 
powers of endurance. His mills on the Schuy- 
lenburg Kil, together with farm No. 4 of Van 
Cuyler's "Bouwery," was held in the family 
two hundred years. He made his will April 
5, 1717, and died February 19, 1719, leaving 
two daughters and three sons, all of whom 
had families. He married, July, 1676, Ari- 
antje Bratt, widow of Hulmer Otten, who 
had left a daughter, Tryntje (Catherine), and 
also property in America and Holland. This 
caused special contracts and agreements at 
the time of second marriage, safeguarding 



her interests. Children mentioned in Ryer 
Schermerhorn's will: i. Jan (John, Johan- 
nes), inherited the homestead. 2. Catatina, 
married Johannes Wemp. 3. Janneke, mar- 
ried Volker Simonse Veeder. 4. Jacob, see 
forward. 5. Arent, 1693. 

(HI) Jacob, son of Ryer and Ariantje 
(Bratt-Otten) Schermerhorn, died July 4, 
1753. He inherited "8 morgans (sixteen 
acres) of the Hindmort Bouwery, 2I5>4 
morgans of woodland," and a lot of land in 
the village of Schenectady. He married, Oc- 
tober 20, 1712, Margarieta, died May 22, 
1741, daughter of Johannte Teller and grand- 
daughter of William Teller, the first settler of 
the name in New Amsterdam and a trader in 
Albany for fifty years, removing from thence 
to New York in 1692. He was one of the 
five associate trustees with Ryer Schermer- 
horn under the famous first patent of Sche- 
nectady, and the last but one to survive. Oiil- 
dren, baptized: Ryer (2); Johannes; Jaco- 
bus, see forward; Willem; Arent; Andries; 
Simon ; Susanna, married John Visger. 

(IV) Jacobus, son of Jacob and Margarieta 
(Teller) Schermerhorn, was born January 3, 
1720, died July 28, 1782. He was a farmer 
and owned land in different parts of the town. 
He married, September 4, 1762, Annatje P. 
Vrooman, died September 7, 1770, daughter 
of Peter Vrooman. Children: Jacob, born 
July 21, 1763, died April 26, 1787, and Jo- 
hannes (John), see forward. 

(V) John, son of Jacobus and Annatje P. 
(Vrooman) Schermerhorn, was born January 
29, 1765, died January 7, 1814. He married 
Catherine Bratt (Bradt), bom June 29, 1764, 
died September 13, 1817, daughter of Jacobus 
and Elizabeth Bratt, a descendant of Arent 
Andriese Bratt, an early settler of Schenec- 
tady in 1662, and his wife, Catalyntje De Vos, 
daughter of Andries De Vos, deputy director 
of Rensselaerwyck (Albany). Children: I. 
Jacob I., see forward. 2. Elizabeth, born De- 
cember 3, 1790, died in childhood. 3. An- 
natje, June 16, 1792, died in infancy. 4. Eva, 
died in infancy. 5. Jacobus Bratt. 6. An- 
natje (2), July 7, 1798, married Anthony 
Van Slyck. 7. Elizabeth (2), died in in- 
fancy. 8. Simon, April 23, 1802. 9. Arent 
Bratt, May 4, 1804. 10. Peter Vrooman, May 
II, 1806, died May 26, 1853, married Catha- 
rine Clute. 

(VI) Jacob I., son of John and Catherine 
(Bratt) Schermerhorn, was born in Rotter- 
dam, New York, March 26, 1789, died there 
April 20, 1849. He inherited part of the old 
Schermerhorn estate and added to it by pur- 
chase. He was a farmer, a strong Democrat, 
and was a member of the Reformed Dutch 






f^lJ^tT^ Vy ^^y^'Z^^'T^^ e^Y^^^r-^^^^ 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



church, as had been his ancestors. He mar- 
ried Maria Vedder, died August 19, 1832, 
aged forty-five years. Children: John J.^ 
Simon J. (see forward), Catherine, Annai 
Sarah, Alida. 

(VH) Simon J., son of Jacob L and Maria 
(Vedder) Schermerhorn, was born Septem- 
ber 26, 1827, in the town of Rotterdam, Sche- 
nectady county. New York, on the homestead 
farm which had been in the family for seven 
generations. It adjoins the old Arent Bratt 
estate on which still stands the ancient brick 
house built by Arent Bratt in 1684, the oldest 
building in the county. Simon J. was a 
farmer and ably conducted all his business 
operations, brought his farm to a high state 
of cultivation, erected a substantial brick resi- 
dence in 1857, and constructed new and ample 
farm buildings. He was a loyal Democrat 
and in 1862 represented his party in the New 
York state legislature. He served on the 
county board of supervisors, and as school 
commissioner. He was well known, respected 
and very popular. He declined many public 
offices, although with him nomination meant 
election, for he never had an opposing candi- 
date, so well satisfied were even his political 
opponents of his ability, honesty and fairness. 
In 1892 he represented his district in con- 
gress, where he warmly supported President 
Cleveland and his policies. He was a great 
admirer of the president and a warm friend- 
ship existed between them. He early con- 
nected with the Second Dutch Reformed 
Church of Rotterdam, which he faithfully 
served during his lifetime, and for many 
years was an elder. He married, February 
4, 1857, Helen, born 1837, daughter of Har- 
mon and Eleanor Veeder. Her father, Har- 
mon, died in the "Woestine" July 31, 1851. 
Mrs. Helen (Veeder) Schermerhorn was an 
active worked in the church with her husband 
and his true "helpmeet" all through Hfe. Chil- 
dren : I. Jacob Edwin, died at the age of 
three years. 2. Mary Veeder, January 6, 
i860. 3. Sarah, March 19, 1862, married 
William C. Marlette ; they have one son, John 
Schermerhorn. 4. John, July 12, 1863, mar- 
ried Matilda W. Turnbull. He died January 
27, 1890. 5. Alice Augusta, January 23, 1865. 
6. Andrew Truax, December 7, 1866. 7. Ja- 
cob I., died in infancy. 8. Simon, see for- 
ward. 

(VIII) Simon, youngest son of Simon J. 
and Helen (Veeder) Schermerhorn, was born 
on the homestead farm in Rotterdam, Sche- 
nectady county. New York, April 3, 1874. He 
married, November 10, 1807, Julia A. Camp- 
bell, born June 22, 1876. Child: Simon John 
(2), born February 2, 1902. 



679 

(The Veeder Line). 
Simon Volkertse Veeder, born 1624 
belonged to the ship "Prince Maurice" in 
1644, when that ship plied between Amster- 
dam, Holland, and New Amsterdam. He 
bought a lot in the latter city, sold it in 
1654 for thirty beaver skins, removed to 
Beverwyck and thence to Schenectady in 
1662.^ He owned a "bouwery" on the "Great 
Flat and a village lot on the north corner 
of State and Ferry streets. He also owned 
land on the Norman's Kill. In his will he 
mentioned seven children: Pieter, Gerrit 
Johannes, Volkert, Volkie, married Barent 
Janse Wemp ; Geesie, married Jan Hendrickse 
Vrooman; Magdalena, married William Ap- 
pel. 

(II) Johannes, son of Simon Volkertse 
Veeder, was a farmer on the Norman's Kill 
farm and he also bought a share in the patent 
of Jan Hendrickse Van Bael in the same sec- 
tion. He married (first) November 19, 1697, 
Susanna, daughter of Myndert Wemp; (sec- 
ond) Susanna Wendell, of Albany, June 3, 
1718. He had eight children, of whom Myn- 
dert was the sixth. 

(III) Myndert, son of Johannes and Su- 
sanna (Wemp) Veeder, was baptized April 
30, 1705. He married, December 19, 1733, 
Elisabeth Douw, of Albany. He had eight 
children, all baptized in Albany. 

(IV) Johannes, eldest child of Myndert and 
Elisabeth (Douw) Veeder, was born July 29, 
1734; baptized thirty days later; died Septem- 
ber 26, 1793. He was one of the "Woestine" 
of Rotterdam, Schenectady county. He mar- 
ried Lena, daughter of Pieter Vrooman, July 
6, 1759. She was born August 18, 1734, died 
December 20, 1813. They had five children: 
Pieter Vrooman, see forward ; Margaret, born 
October 22, 1763; Myndert, September 14, 
1769, died June 12. 1833; Annatje. October 
30, 1771, married Frederic Bratt, died June 
20, 1794; Elisabeth, baptized April 16, 1775. 

(V) Pieter Vrooman, eldest child of Jo- 
hannes and Lena (Vrooman) Veeder, was 
born November, 1760. He made his will De- 
cember 18, 1823, and spoke of his wife Jane 
and sons John, Harmon and Myndert, and 
daughters Helen, Nancy, Margaret, Susanna 
and Maria. He died and was buried in the 
"Woestine" October 9. 1814. He married, 
July 28, 1789, Jannetje, born 1766, died March 
13, 1848, daughter of Jan Baptiste Van Eps. 

(VI) Harmon, son of Pieter Wooman and 
Jane (Van Eps) Veeder, was born December 
29, 1797, died July 31. 1850. He was a man 
of education and of brilliant intellectual quali- 
ties. He was a zealous member and liberal 
supporter of the Dutch Reformed church 



68o 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



and a Whig in politics. He was a farmer of 
the town of Rotterdam all his active years. 
He married, in Florida. Montgomery county, 
New York, Eleanor Truax, born I\Iarch 24, 
1808, died May 21, 1904, aged ninety-six 
years, one month and twenty-seven days, 
daughter of Abraham and Maria (Swart) 
Truax, a descendant of Teunis Cornelise 
Swart, of Schenectady, and Philip Du Trieux, 
who was in New Amsterdam as early as 1624. 
Abraham Truax was born June 29, 1789, died 
May 26, 1862, son of Andries and Susannah 
De Graaf Truax. This was another of the 
oldest Mohawk Valley families. Andries 
Truax's first wife was Elizabeth Van Vran- 
ken, born February 4, 1758, died December 
15, 1777, daughter of Rycker Van Vranken. 
She left no issue. Children of Harmon and 
Eleanor (Truax) Veeder : i. Mary, born 
April 4, 1833, died June 14, 1909 ; married 
Rev. James Gilmour. a minister of the Pres- 
byterian church, and a professor of learning, 
died December 18, 1885. They were the par- 
ents of seven children, four of whom yet 
survive. 2. Helen, born in the "Woestine," 
March 20, 1837 ; educated in the seminary at 
Schenectady: she married, February 4, 1857, 
Simon J. Schermerhorn (see Schermerhorn), 
whom she survives, a resident of the old 
Schermerhorn homestead in Rotterdam ; she 
gives little evidence of her seventy-three 
years, has an unusually retentive memory, is 
greatly beloved and tenderly cherished. 3. 
Dr. Andrew, born April 27, 1842 ; graduated 
from the Albany Medical School, Doctor of 
Medicine ; located at Pittsburg, Pennsylva- 
nia, where he practiced successfully until his 
retirement. He married Elizabeth Brown. 
Children: i. Harmon W., married Mary, 
daughter of Charles G. Ellis. She died, leav- 
ing one daughter, Mary E. ii. Anna Gertrude, 
married James Burke, of Erie, Pennsylvania. 
iii. Julia Dayton, died unmarried. 



This name, also written 
CONSALUS Gonzalez, Consaulus, Gon- 

saulus, Cunsaulus, Gonsaul 
and Consaul, is a familiar one in the annals 
of earlv Schenectadv county and the Mohawk 
Valley.' 

Emmanuel Consaul was in Schenectady as 
early as 1684. In 1767 two by that name were 
living neighbors near the North Manor line, 
probably on what is now known as the "Con- 
saul Road." The earliest definite record is 
of Johannes Consaulus, of "Nistigioene," who 
married Machtelt, daughter of Johannes 
Hemstrat, in Albany, April 20, 1765. Their 
children, born in Schenectady, New York, 
were : Johannes, Emmanuel, see forward. 



Machtelt, Annatje. Those born in Albany 
were: Sarah, Bastiaan, Francyntje, Engeltie, 
Bata and JNIattheus. Just what the connection 
is between the Gonzalez family first of Sul- 
livan county, New York, and the Consaul 
family of Schenectady, does not appear, as 
the names of even the same family were writ- 
ten in different ways. The Consalus family of 
Troy descend from a Spanish Huguenot an- 
cestor, Don Manuel Gonzalez, who is be- 
lieved to have been the first permanent white 
settler of Sullivan county. He had sons who 
perpetuated his name. Don IManuel is said 
to have come from Holland in his own ship. 

(H) Emmanuel Gonzalez, who was a direct 
descendant of Don Manuel Gonzalez, probably 
a son, was of Ulster county, New York, 
where in 1728 his name and that of his sons 
appear in a list of the freeholders of the town 
of Kingston (see Documentary History of 
New York, vol. iii, p. 970). About 1763 a 
proclamation was issued offering a reward 
for the apprehension of Jacobus Gonzalez and 
six others, all of Dutchess county. New York, 
charged with high treason (Dunlaps History 
of New York, appendix cxc HI). This Ja- 
cobus was no doubt a grandson of the first 
Don Manuel and brother of Joseph, and this 
proclamation may have induced Joseph to re- 
move from Dutchess county into the wilder- 
ness north of the Mohawk. 

(Ill) Joseph, son of Emmanuel Gonzalez, 
married Margaret Dutcher, of Dutchess 
county. New York, who was a direct descend- 
ant in the fourth generation of Anneke Jan- 
sen, of Trinity Church litigation fame. Jo- 
seph had taken up his abode in the extreme 
southwestern comer of Saratoga county, in 
what is now known as the town of Charlton. 
Previous to the revolution he had lived on 
the friendliest terms with the Indians. On 
the breaking out of the war, however, the 
Gonzalez family, almost the only one in that 
sparsely settled section that had openly es- 
poused the cause of the colonists, became ob- 
jects of especial hate to the Tories, particu- 
larly to the Scotch residents of Charlton who 
were generally on the side of the King. The 
family of the daring pioneer Joseph con- 
sisted of his wife and four sons : Emmanuel, 
the oldest, was a man of great strength and 
had frequently bested the Indians, which fur- 
ther incited the hostility of the Indians and 
Tories. In April, 1782, a party of St. Regis 
Indians who were returning from their winter 
hunting and fishing in the Adirondacks, came 
nearly a hundred miles south to destroy the 
Gonzalez family before returning to Canada. 
Whether they were prompted by the Tory ele- 
ment or to avenge their rough handling by 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



68i 



young Gonzalez, has never been ascertained. 
Joseph, the father, with the farm hand, the 
eldest and two youngest sons, were turning 
a summer fallow in a field, while the mother, 
daughter and second son, David, were at the 
house. As the Indians came up Joseph ex- 
tended his hand in friendly salutation. The 
Indian responded with a blow from his toma- 
hawk which killed him instantly. At the same 
time the Indian seized the two sons, and the 
hired man, Emmanuel, by main strength broke 
away, fleeing towards the nearby woods. As 
he was scaling the first fence he was again 
seized, but again broke away, although he was 
shot through the hand. As he leaped the 
last fence that separated him from the woods 
he received a shot that killed him instantly. 
Joseph, the youngest son, aged twelve, suc- 
ceeded in reaching the house in the meantime, 
and David at once put his mother, sister and 
brother in a wagon and escaped to Crane's 
Village, three miles away. This David went 
west and is the progenitor of those of that 
name, among whom is Rev. Frank Gunsaulus, 
of Chicago, Illinois. The Indians scalped Jo- 
seph and Emmanuel, placed their scalps on a 
pole, and taking John and the hired man, 
started on the long march to Canada. The 
sufferings of the trip cannot be told, but they 
finally reached the capitol of the St. Regis 
nation, where John had his face painted and 
head shaved and was compelled to carry the 
scalps of his father and brother through the 
camp. This massacre broke up the Gonzalez 
family. Rebecca, the eldest daughter, had 
previously married Emmanuel De Graff, of 
New Amsterdam. The mother and younger 
children removed to Schenectady, where the 
mother died soon after, broken-hearted over 
the fate of her son John. A granddaughter 
of David married Commander Constable, of 
the United States navy. The history of John 
continues in next generation. 

(IV) John, son of Joseph and Margaret 
(Dutcher) Gonzalez, was a lad of fifteen 
when forced to take the terrible march to 
Canada. He was compelled to "run the 
gauntlet" and forced into the British service, 
but he bore all his trials with true "Yankee" 
fortitude. He was employed in making car- 
tridges, but he mixed the powder with char- 
coal, saying: "None of these shall ever harm 
my countrymen." Although peace was de- 
clared about a year after his capture, he was 
kept in captivity for two years longer, obtain- 
ing his release in 1785. He had become a 
favorite with some of the British officers who 
offered him land in Canada if he would re- 
main. He was now eighteen, but he pluckily 
replied : "All the land I want from you is 



enough to walk on till I get off it." He re- 
turned to the Mohawk Valley and the first 
relative he found was Mrs. De Graff, whose 
descendants yet reside on the farm near Am- 
sterdam. His father, whose tragic fate we 
have related, had previous to his death con- 
tracted for fifteen hundred acres of land in 
Saratoga, but through his death the estate was 
lost. John, however, on attaining his major- 
ity bought a portion of the land a mile north- 
west of West Charlton, on which he and his 
descendants have since resided. He built the 
first frame dwelling in the southwestern part 
of the county and improved his land, bringing 
it to a fair condition of productiveness. In 
1 79 1 he married Dorcas Hogan, of Albany, 
who bore him twelve children, dying October 
7, 1823. The change of name occurred in this 
generation. On the rolls of the British kept 
while he was their prisoner, his name was 
written Consalus, and that orthography has 
been retained by his descendants. 

(V) Emmanuel, son of John and Dorcas 
(Hogan) Consalus, died January 31, 1872. 
He succeeded to the ownership of the home- 
stead farm, where he married and reared a 
family. 

(VI) John, son of Emmanuel Consalus, 
was born on the farm in West Charlton, Sara- 
toga county. New York, 1827, died in Troy, 
New York, March 3, 1903. His early educa- 
tion was obtained in the town schools. He 
first started in business in Amsterdam as a 
cattle buyer, later removed to Troy, where 
he embarked heavily in the wool business. He 
was very successful and did a large business. 
He carried large stocks of wool purchased 
from the farmers and other dealers, which he 
shipped to the manufacturing centres where 
the market conditions were favorable. Dur- 
ing the panic which prostrated business dur- 
ing the second administration of President 
Cleveland, he lost heavily by the fall in the 
price of wool and was obliged to close up his 
business. Nothing daunted, he struggled along 
and finally retrieved his fortunes. He had a 
strong, hopeful nature, and never was dis- 
couraged by misfortune or loss. He believed 
in himself and in the future of his country. 
It is gratifying to know that this descendant 
of the boy of "76" had the same courage in 
the face of disaster and won his battle in the 
face of odds as great although of different 
nature. Mr. Consalus married Julia M., 
born in Quebec, Canada, daughter of Hon. 
John McDowell, a member of the lower house 
of the Canadian parliament. Children : i. 
David Arthur, born August 25, 1870: suc- 
ceeded his father in the wool business in 
Troy ; married Jane McCashin. 2. John Em- 



682 



HUDSON AND MOHAWK VALLEYS 



manuel, born in 1872, a civil engineer of New 
York City : married Frances Hamilton and has 
a daughter Helen. 3. Charlotte. 4. Edna. 
5. Florence, deceased. Mrs. Consalus sur- 
vives her husband and resides in Troy. 



The Sage family without doubt 
SAGE was of Scandinavian origin, and 
the name at first was Saga. When 
the Norsemen conquered Normandy, in 
France, they generally softened the final a 
tone, thus making Saga, Sage, and added a 
French suffix to denote landed occupation. To 
the first Norman Saga or Sage was added 
ville or town, thus making it Sageville, or 
Sagetown or land. As these spread to other 
countries the name was subjected to other 
changes. In Germany, Saige or Sauge, the 
same in Switzerland, while in France it was 
LeSage. The name is first found in England 
on the Battle Abbey Roll, 1066. This Roll 
was prepared by the monks of Battle Abbey, 
at the command of William the Conqueror, to 
perpetuate the names of those who took part 
in the battle of Hastings, which gave him the 
English throne. It is there recorded Sage- 
ville. All of the name in England, Scotland 
and Wales originated in this way. The family 
were granted a coat-of-arms, which is used 
by the American family. 

(I) David Sage, American ancestor of the 
family in Troy, under consideration, was born 
in 1639, a native of Wales. He was one of 
the first settlers of Middletown, Connecticut, 
where he is of record in 1652. He settled 
upon a tract of land now part of the town of 
Cornwell, upon the banks of the Connecticut 
river, where some of his descendants yet re- 
side. His will, dated March 27, 1703, is in 
the probate office at Hartford, Connecticut. 
The stone marking his grave is still standing 
in the Riverside cemetery, on the bank of the 
Connecticut river, at the north end of Main 
street, Middletown, and gave the date of his 
death as March, 1703, O.S., and his age as 
sixty-four years. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Kirby, in February, 1664. 
He married (second), in 1673, Mary Wilcox. 
Children of first wife: David, born 1665; 
John, 1668; Elizabeth, 1670: Mary, 1672. 
Children of second wife: Jonathan, born 
1674; Timothy, 1678 (see forward) ; Nathan- 
iel ; Mercy. 

(II) Timothy, fourth son of David Sage 
and second child by his second wife, Mary 
Wilcox, was born in Cromwell, Connecticut, 
1678. died there in 1725. The stone marking 
his grave is still standing in the old cemetery 
at Cromwell. He married, at Cromwell, Con- 
necticut, Margaret Holibert, who bore him 



five sons and two daughters. Children : Sam- 
uel, born 1709; Mercy, 1712; Timothy, 1714; 
Mary, 1716; David, 1718; Solomon, 1720; 
Amos, 1722. 

(III) Amos, youngest child of Timothy and 
IMargaret (Holibert) Sage, was born in 
Cromwell, Connecticut, 1722, died 1759. He 
was a farmer. He married Rebecca Wilcox, 
of Cromwell, who bore him five sons and 
three daughters. Amos (2), known as "Dea- 
con Amos," born 1747; William, 1748, served 
at the battle of Bunker Hill; Hezekiah, 1750; 
Nathan, 1752, a privateer of the revolution ; 
Rebecca, 1754; EHsha, 1755; Abigail, 1756, 
and Submit, 1759. 

(IV) Elisha, sixth child and fifth son of 
Amos and Rebecca (Wilcox) Sage, was born 
in Cromwell, Connecticut, August 20, 1755, 
died there May 31, 1801. He was a soldier 
of the revolution, serving with local troops 
(1776). He married, in 1776, Martha Monta- 
gue, born in Wethersfield, Connecticut, No- 
vember 15, 1754, died in Herkimer, New 
York, May 4, 1829, at the home of her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Laurinda S. Garfield, with whom 
she resided after the death of her husband. 
Children: Rufus, born 1777; Elisha (2), 
mentioned below; Martha, 1780; Barzilla, 
1782; Fanny, 1784; Mary, 1785; Mary (2), 
1787; Laurinda, 1789; Amos, 1791 ; Alvin, 
1793; Wealthy, 1795; Cyprian, 1797. The 
family resided most of their married life in 
Upper Middletown, Connecticut, originally 
called "Upper Houses," now Cromwell, 
though for a time they resided at Great Bar- 
rington, Massachusetts. 

(V) Elisha (2), second son of Elisha (i) 
and Martha (Montague) Sage, was born Jan- 
uary 25, 1779, died in Oneida county. New 
York, 1854. With this generation the family 
appear in New York state. Elisha (2) re- 
moved to Oneida county, where he married 
Prudence Risley, a native of the county. Chil- 
dren: I. Henry, born 1805: Sally, 1807; 
Fannie, 1809 ; Elisha M., see forward : Elizur 
W., 1812; William C, 1814; Russell, 1816. 
The last named son, Hon. Russell Sage, be- 
came one of the leading financiers and capi- 
talists of the United States, and died leaving 
a fortune of $70,000,000. He was a member 
of congress from New York City, his home 
and place of business. He died August, 1906. 

(VI) Elisha M., fourth child of Elisha 
(2) and Prudence (Risley) Sage, was born 
in Oneida county, New York, April 13, 1812, 
died in Troy. New York, 1874. He is buried 
in Mt. Ida cemetery. He grew up on the 
farm, then removed to Troy, where he owned 
and conducted a grocery store