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*Z4 SHALL not consume time, or occupy space, or weary 
^ my reader with a recital of the vexatious and exas- 
^-* perating difficulties that have attended the prepara- 
tion of this book. Long and tedious has been the search, 
but it is now ended, the worry is past, the work is done. I 
claim no merit for artistic finish. My endeavor has been 
to state facts of family history so plainly that those that 
run may read and understand. 

It has been purely a labor of love, prompted by a loyal 
interest in my family history. It was not undertaken with 
any thought of pecuniary profit. In my search for a more 
extended knowledge of my ancestry, while groping in the 
dark, catching only a gleam now and then, I conceived 
the thought of hanging out a few beacon lights to guide 
the future wayfarer in a laudable search for a knowledge 
of those that have gone before. 

If I have succeeded in so placing such lights that they 
will send a gleam athwart the pathway of the generations 
that will follow me, I shall feel amply repaid for my labor. 

The Author. 




Preface nI 

Hughes Family, by Eleanor Lexington VII 

Introduction XI 


Sketch of the early history of the Hughes family, clos- 
ing with Powell Hughes, and his descendants— Pages 19-28. 


Occupied exclusively by Lucy Lea Hughes, and her 
husband, Nathan Ward, and their descendants— Pages 29-36. 


Devoted exclusively to Elizabeth Walker Hughes, and 
her husband, Avan Ward, and their descendants— Pages 


Little Berry Hughes, Jr., closing with his sister, Mary 
(Hughes) Hooker— Pages 47-55. 


John Walker Hughes, Gedeliah Hughes; and their 
sister Susannah Hughes, who married Henry Crawford 
Jones, closing the history of the descendants of Little 
Berry Hughes, Sr. — Pages 54-64. 


Mary and Edith Hughes, daughters of Powell Hughes; 
and their brother Leander Hughes, Sr., closing with sketch 
of Caroline (Hughes) Gill — Pages 65-76. 



Leander Hughes' descendants continued, commencing 
with Leander, Jr., and closing with Leonard Fretwell 
Hughes' descendants — Pages 77-87. 


Leander Hughes, Sr., continued; John James Hughes 
and his descendants — Pages 88-108. 


Leander Hughes, Sr., concluded, giving his remaining 
children, Little Berry, Elizabeth, William. Ira Bell. Seth 
Wade, Foley Brookshire, Thomas Henry, Sarah Jane, 
Nancy Ann, Jesse Paris and Susan Lea, and sketch of 
Susannah Hughes — Pages 109-116. 


Gedeliah Hughes (youngest child of Powell Hughes) 
and his descendants — Pages 118-123. 


Samuel or John Gass — Sketch of the Gass famil> — 
Pages 124-143. 


John Boze and Katy Wells — Sketch of the descendants 
of Hardy Boze — Pages 144-154. 


John Ward and Holly Mangrum — A comprehensive 
sketch of the Ward family— Pages 155-162. 


Found Throughout the World AIwhvn Ranged on the 

Side of Lihertv 


•rHE Hughes family has always been largely repre- 
i 1 1 seuted in Wales, Kngland, Ireland and America, and 
^■^ has furnished many prominent personages. Its ros- 
ter of poets alone is a notable one, and if the family have 
not furnished all the best poems in the world, it is not 
their fault, but their oversight. 

Hugh Hughes is a favorite combination, and one thus 
called, born at the end of the seventeenth century, was a 
Welsh poet of renown. He was the son of Iruffydd 
Hughes, a descendant of the Lord Twrcelyn. Hugh 
Hughes' verses are preserved in the British museum. The 
family wrote history, as well as poetry, and they were 
equally mighty with the sword. Admiral Sir Richard 
Hughes was a man of valor. Margaret Hughes centested 
with Mary Betterton, the position of the earliest actress of 
the English stage, which, in fact, belongs to neither. 
Margaret is the earliest recorded Desdemona, and the 
date is 1663. 

Xo one, of course, forgets that "TomBrown's School 
Days" was written by Thomas Hughes, founder of the 
Rugby colony in Tennessee. And one of the Governors 
of this State was a Hughes. Thomas Hughes was the 
son of John, who was the son of "clever, active Mrs. 
1 Hughes," a friend of Walter Scott's. "The Magical Lay 
of the One-Horse Chay" is attributed to John Hughes, 
and Scott refers to it. The lay "shows up" Mr. and Mrs. 


John Ball, and tells about Mr. Bubb who "lived quite 
genteel with a one-horse chay." 

-Mrs. Bubb was gay and free, fair, fat and forty-three. 

\nd filled the better half of the one-horse chay." 
One line of Hughes descends from one of the fifteen 
noble tribes of Gwynedd, Princes of Wales, taking up, 
along the line, ancestors who rather tax the orthography 
of this simplified date. There was Hugh ap Kynnc and 
his wife Gwenllian, daughter of John Vychan ap John, 
ap Iruffydd ap Owen Pygott. You put "Hughes" in some- 
where, where most convenient. 

Hugh is the foundation stone of this name, and means 
affability and also comfort; it likewise means, in Gaelic, a 
guest, as well as a stranger. 

Hughes, Huget and Hewitt are the sons of Hugh. 
Hig, Hug and Hick, nicknames of Hugh, give the names 
of Higgins, Huggins, Hicks, Hiccock and Hutchins. Fitz- 
hugh is the son of Hugh. 

Hewes and Huse are forms frequently found in colo- 
nial records, when one style of spelling was as good as 
another. Abel Huse, born in London, with wife Mary, 
settled in Newbury, Mass., in 1635. They had sons, 
Thomas and James. A Captain, Samuel Huse, born 1730, 
is called son of James. 

Other pioneers, or founders of families, were Richard 
Hughes, 1640, of Guilford, Conn.; Arthur, 1676, of Salem, 
Mass., and John, of Hatfield, a soldier. 

Henry Freeman Hughes and his brother Bodwell, 
born in Wales, settled at East Haven, Conn., about 1740. 
Their name more frequently occurs as Huse. Henry mar- 
ried Lydia Tuttle, July 19, 1749, and with his bride, ac- 
quired a large property, which she inherited from her 
father. If a mental photograph of Henry is desired by 
his descendants, here it is: Medium height, stout, well 
built, blue eyes, brown hair, prominent features, massive 
head; physical characteristics these of the Hughes family. 
Bodwell Hughes married Mercy Collins. Henry had 
five children — three being sons. 


Jesse Hughes, the Virginia pioneer, is called a Hugue- 
not refugee. He and his wife came to Povvhattan County, 
Virginia, about 1675, where the place he owned, called 
"Hughes Creek," remained in the family for four genera- 
tions. From Virginia, the family branched out, to West 
Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky, and later to Col- 

The Hughes of South Carolina, however, claim Xew 
England ancestry, Jesse, of the third generation, was an 
Indian fighter, a brave man. and a West Virginia explorer. 
Of this line was Martha Hughes, who married George 
Walton, the uncle of George Walton, of Virginia, a 
I "signer." 

The Hughes' record is a patriotic one all along the 
line, George Robert Twelve Hughes was one of the Boston 
"Tea Party" 1773. James Hughes, of Pennsylvania, who 
was one of Washington's body guard. Joseph Hewes, of 
Nrw-J-fct&ey. was a "signer." Connecticut gave to the 
Revolution Lieutenant James, Massachusetts; Lieutenant 
Samuel, Rhode Island; Lieutenant Thomas, Xew York; 
Assistant Quartermaster Hugh, Pennsylvania; Lieutenant 
Greenberry Hughes, and Virginia, Ensigns Henry and 
Pratt; Cornet Jasper; Lieutenant John and Thomas, and 
, Captain Robert, the grandson of Jesse Hughes, immi- 
grant Jesse, son of David Hughes, of Virginia, was a 
Captain in the War of 1812, and married Elizabeth Mor- 
ton. David's wife was Judith Daniel. 

Among marriage connections of the Hughes are the 
Fays, Kingsbury and Lewises, of Virginia; Jane, daughter 
of Jane Strother and Thomas Lewis, who was a burgess, 
married Thomas Hughes, about 1775. Galloways and 
Chews are also nearly related, and in "Americans of Royal 
descent" we find that the Chew and Hughes connection 
trace descent from Henry II., of England, and his Queen 
i Eleanor, of Aquitaine. 

Characteristics of the Hughes are quick perceptions 
fl and practical reasoning; they are original in thought, in- 
'• dependent in action, simple in their tastes and habits. Of 


one, it is said that, "he exercised his mind with contem- 
plation, and his body with actions, and preserved the 
health of both." 

Of another, it is written, that "her life was a benedic- 
tion rather than a sermon." 

The coat-of-arms reproduced is blazoned in Burke's 
"Peerage;" Argent; an eagle with two heads, displayed, 


Crest: An eagle's head erased, sable; in the beak, a 
brand, raguly of the same, fired, gules. 

Motto: Fynno Duw Diefydd— what God wills, will 
be, or let God's will be done. 

Another coat-of-arms is gules; two lions passant; a 
rose in chief, argent. Crest, granted 1620; out of a coronet, 
or, a demi-lion, argent, holding a rose, gules. This is the 
coat-armor borne by the line, tracing back to Cadwal- 
ader, son of Griffith, ap Cynan, King of North Wales, and 
his wife Dyddgy, daughter of Meredith ap Cynfyn. The 
arms of Sir Richard Hughes, baronet, 1773, is: Azure; a 
lion, rampant, or Crest: A lion, couchant, or Both— the 
eagle and lion are most heraldic charges. 

The English family of Hughes have homes in Devon; 
Surrey; Kent, Warwick; Sherdley Hall, Lancaster, and 
the Isle of Wight, where they hold positions of prom- 


/■■fHE foregoing able and scholarly article, written by 
I 1 1 Eleanor Lexington, and published in the St. Paul 
^■^ Daily Dispatch, of August 8, 1908, is both interesting 
and instructive. The light that it casts upon the etymology 
of the name Hughes is of great value. That it is histor- 
ically true in the main I know no reason to doubt. I find 
but one historical error in it. and that is probably the 
fault of the printer. The Joseph Hewes that was one of 
the signers of the Declaration of Independence was from 
North Carolina and not from Xew Jersey as stated by 
Miss Lexington. 

That any part of this article has reference to our 
branch of the Hughes family there is no positive proof 
known to me; though there is some pretty strong circum- 
stancial evidence in the case of the Jesse Hughes that 
settled in Powhatan County, Virginia, in 1675. From 
reliable information I have been able to trace my family 
lineage back to Leander Hughes, who appears to have 
been born in Cumberland County, Virginia, about the 
year 1700, as will be seen later. It is said that Leander's 
father, whose Christian name is not known, came from 
Wales. Could he have been this same Jesse that with his 
wife settled in Powhattan County in 1675? That theory 
appears plausible as the circumstances as to time connect 
very well, and Powhatan County joins Cumberland on 
the east. 

From Miss Lexington's article it appears that one 
branch of the Hughes family claims descent from Henry 
II. of England and his wife, Eleanor, Duchess of Aguitaine. 
It has been said that a noble ancestry is a gift of the 
gods; but what is a noble ancestry? 

Descent from a royal family is honorable only in pro- 


portion to the worthiness of the persons from whom the 
descent is claimed. Henry II., considering the period in 
which he lived, was an able and worthy ruler. He was a 
great-grandson of William, the Norman conqueror. He 
was the first of the long and illustrious line of Angevins 
or Plantagenets. He brought about many reforms in 
government; he curbed and held in check the arrogance 
of the clergy, suppressed lawlessness, and strove to better 
the condition of the common people. Some historians 
describe him as one of the best and greatest of English 
Kings. His wife, Eleanor, was a woman to whom Dame 
Fortune gave a checkered life. She was the daughter 
of the Duke of Guienne or Aguitaine in France. She was 
successively the wife of two Kings, from the first of 
whom she was divorced, and she was the mother of two 
Kings. She was probably the richest woman in her own 
right that ever became the wife of an English King. She 
was one of the most beautiful and accomplished women 
that ever graced the English court; and some historians 
describe her as one of the most wicked and infamous that 
ever disgraced it. She encouraged her sons to rebel 
against their father, and it is said hastened his death with 
worry. It has been claimed that Henry's neglect and 
conjugal infidelity drove her to hate him; similar charges 
have been made against her while the wife of her first 
husband, Louis VII. of France. Henry kept her in prison 
during the last fifteen years of his life. 

Every King and Queen regnant that has sat upon the 
English throne since their time has been a descendant of 
this royal couple. Whatever of glory or of shame we find 
in the long line of English rulers during the last seven 
centuries has been the history of Henry and Eleanor's 
posterity. The chivalry of Richard I.; the wickedness and 
tyranny of King John, who has been called the worst 
King and the worst man that ever wore the crown of 
England; the feebleness and vacillation of Henry III; the 
brilliant achievements of the strong and virile Edward 
III; the inglorious reign and death of Richard II; the 


illustrious life of Henry V; the weak and ignominious 
reign of Henry VI; the brilliant career of Prince John, 
Duke of Bedford, pride of the English nobility, with 
Knight and vassal sweeping over the fair fields of France 
like the besom of destruction, leaving death and deso- 
lation in his track, and at last stamping his name with 
everlasting infamy with the indelible stain of the blood 
of Joan de Arc; the enormities of Edward IV and 
infamous brother, Richard III, the latter of whom ex- 
piated his manifold crimes with his life upon Bosworth 
I Field; the cruel wickedness of beastly old Henry VIII, 
with his hands red with the blood of two wives; the ap- 
palling crimes of Mary I; the glorious reign of Elizabeth; 
the despotic career and tragic ending of Charles I; the 
tyranny and final flight from the country of James II; 
and the long and giorious reign of that queenly woman 
and womanly queen, Victoria, must all be taken as a 
whole by those who claim their descent from Henry and 
Eleanor. We can not accept the good and reject the bad. 
Query; is the honor worth contending for? 
I have inserted Miss Lexington's article and the 
Hughes coat-of-arms in this book on account of their 
historic value. I take great interest in heraldry. Emblems 
of honor, heraldic tokens won by chivalrous and patriotic 
service rendered by men should inspire a loyal family 
\pride in the descendants of such heroes. Edward, the 
iBlack Prince, won deathless fame by his chivalry at the 
battle of Cressy, when he captured the banner of John, 
King of Bohemia, on which was inscribed the legend 
"Ich Dien" (I serve) and which became the motto of the 
Prince of Wales, and has so continued to the present day. 
These things are fine to hand down to one's descend- 
ants; but the best and the brightest escutcheon of all is 
ne emblazoned with honesty, integrity, and a conscience 
oid of guile. Looking back along all the different lines 
fcf my ancestry I find an unbroken succession of plain, 
onest, industrious, intelligent, God-loving and God-fear- 
ng people, literally fulfilling the divine fiat, "By the sweat 


of thy brow shalt thou eat bread;" faithfully rendering 
quid pro quo in all the relations of life; toiling by day and 
at night sleeping the sleep of the just; looking every man 
in the face, and bowing the knee to none but their God. 
Such have been my progenitors throughout their genera- 
tions. I have never yet heard of an ancestor of mine that 
was ever convicted of, or even charged with, a crime or 
high misdemeanor; or one that ever soiled his pocket with 
a foul penny. 

"Let no mean hope your souls enslave; 
Be independent, generous, brave; 
Your fathers such example gave, 
And such revere!" 

Far better and more glorious is this than all the 
crowns and coronets and scepters and heraldic emblems 
that ever flashed in the sunlight of heaven. 

Sizing up the whole case, I believe if I could choose 
my own line of descent, I would strike an average and^ 
take it from John Bunyon or poor, blind, old John Milton,' 
rather than from the English royal family. 

This family history is not perfect. No history of the 
kind ever was. Of some branches of the family I have 
been able to obtain only a very partial sketch, while of 
others every trace has been lost. If I have said more 
about some branches of the family than of others it is, 
because I have been more fully advised about some than 
about others. It has been my aim to do exact justice to 
all persons mentioned as nearly as the facts at my com- 
mand would permit. A great deal of my information was 
given by persons who were themselves only partially ac- 
quainted with the facts, but kindly gave them as best they 

Many very intelligent people get mixed up in regard 

to the degree of relationship between cousins one ol 

more times removed. Therefore, I take the liberty o 

- giving a little explanation of my own, thus: 


A is a first cousin to B 

1 C D 1 

2 E F 2 

3 G H 3 

In the above C is a son of A, E is a son of C and 
G a son of E. 

D is a son of B; F is a son of D and H a son of F. 
The small figures on each side indicate the number of 
removals from first cousins. 

Now, we add the number of removals on both sides, 
and their sum +1 represents the degree of relationship. 
We wish to know the relationship between B. and G. 
Then we have BO, G 3. That gives the equation 
)+3+l=4. B and G are fourth cousins. 

For A and D we have 0+1+1—2, second cousins. For 
Z and D, 1-1+1=3, third cousins. For G and H, 
3+3+1=7, seventh cousins, and so on ad infinitum. 

A very little study of the above will enable one readily 
|"0 arrive at the degree of relationship between cousins, no 
natter how distant. 

This method of ascertaining the degree of relation- 
ship between distant cousins is the legal one employed 
)y the courts of this country in deciding cases involving 
he law of inheritance. In case of the death of G. without 
:hildren or any othe-r heirs nearer than cousins, D would 
nherit in preference to F, and F in preference to H, and 
o on. 

1 feel that I would be remiss in duty if I should fail 
o acknowledge my obligation to the many relatives and 
riends that have aided me in gathering the information, 
vithout which this history could not have been written, 
shall endeavor to mention every one without exception, 
f I omit any it will be an oversight. They are as follows: 

Mesdames Mary Hooker, now deceased, Berry's Lick, 
\y.; Martha M. Carson, now deceased, Morgantown, Ky.; 


Mintie D. Bransford, Dixons Spring, Term.; Ophelia A. 
Cunningham, Lebanon, Tenn.; Serepta Inez Coffee, Gor- 
donsville, Tenn.; Lucy Lea Johnson, Hickman, Tenn.; 
Lucy A. Johnson, Greenbrier, Tenn.; Susan A. Helwig, 
Trenton, Mo.; Mattie Carmack, Knob Noster, Mo.; Fannie 
G. Porter, Sweet Springs, Mo.; Paralee Botts, Sedalia, 
Mo.; Salena Grant, Joplin, Mo.; Elizabeth Warren Spivey, 
Austin, Texas; Tamesia Catharine Johnson, Dallas, Texas; 
Xadine Glover, Abilene, Texas; Martha Genetta Johnson, 
Blossom, Texas; Hattie May Morris, Los Angeles, Cal.; 
Susan Jane Wheeler, Marion, Ky.; Lela Henry, Marion, | 
Ky.; Henrie Hughes, Marion, Ky.; Anna Hughes, Marion, 
Ky. ; Edith Jane Franklin, Marion, Ky.; Pearl Joiner, Chi-( 
cago, 111.; Nancy B. James, Paducah, Ky.; Susan B. Perry,/ 
Paducah, Ky.; Lucy J. Bell, Nashville, Tenn.; Candace C 
Cox, Manitou, Ky.; Georgie E. Anderson, Oakville, Ky.; 
Margaret D. Hughes, Shady Grove, Ky.; Sadie Anderson 
Galena, Kansas; Misses Samantha Hooker, Berry's Lick 
Ky.; Roberta Louise Baird, Hickman, Tenn.; Emily F. 
Ward, Kansas City, Mo.; Jessie Hurt, Georgetown, Texas 
and Maude Hughes, Nashville, Tenn.; and Messrs. W. G 
Bransford, New Middleton, Tenn.; Dr. Robert E. Johnson 
Grant, Tenn.; William D. Gold, Carthage, Tenn.; Williad 
R. Perkins, Stonewall, Tenn.; Hardy C. Gass, Brush Creek, 
Tenn.; Rev. James S. Porter, Rich Hill, Mo.; Madison P 
Hughes, Stover, Mo.; Henry Judson Hughes, Trenton 
Mo.; Rev. James W. Bigham, Ocala, Florida; Rev. James 
M. A. Hughes, Austin, Texas; Lemuel F. Hughes, Manitou, 
Ky.; Justus Oliver Carson, Morgantown, Ky.; Ira C. 
Hughes, Marion, Ky.; Rev. U. G. Hughes, Marion, Ky.; 
Peyton M. Ward, Marion, Ky.; James Francis Hughes, 
Bayou, Ky.; Col. John A. Fite, Lebanon, Tenn.; John A 
Ward, Warr-ensburg, Mo.; Samuel B. Ward, Higginsville 
Mo.; Richard B. Gass, Henderson, Ky.; William Hughes. 
Paducah, Ky.; Leander Hughes, Stephensville, Texas 
George S. Sherrill, Stephensville, Texas; Rev. John P 
Tuck, Central City, Ky.; T. J. Vest, Galena, Kansas; Re-/ 
Thomas J. Eastes, New Middleton, Tenn.; J. Lacy Hughe' 


W. J. L. life HIES 
At the Age of 21 Years 

Paducah, Ky.; Samuel R. Gass, Marion, Ky.; Charles M. 
Hughes, Nashville, Term.; A. J. Gass, Cowan, Franklin 
County, Tenn.; Roy Y. Hughes, Aberdeen, South Dakota; 
William L. Hughes, Blodgett, Mo.; W. W. Rice, Marion, 
Ky., and Watson Rice Williamson, West Union, Iowa. 
Lastly, I must not forget my good and affable friend, 
Hon. Hallum Goodloe, Secretary of State at Nashville, 
Tenn., for his kindness in digging into piles of musty and 
dusty records, a century old, and furnishing me valuable 
information, and for the kind and courteous treatment 
extended to me by him and his entire force of subordi- 
nates while I was spending a week in Nashville lately. 

For information concerning the older members of the 
Gass and Boze families I am indebted wholly to the un- 
fading memory of my mother, together with her abiding 
interest in her family and its history. All that I am able 
to give the reader in regard to the early history of those 
two families is taken from notes that I jotted down at 
her dictation many years ago. I could not have obtained 
the information^from any one else. 

Now, only a word more in conclusion: I have en- 
deavored to give the address of each person so far as 
known, but doubtless in some instances, the wrong ad- 
dress has been obtained, and in many others^ the address 
has been changed. It has also been my aim to give full 
names, but it is very probable that in some instances the 
full name has not been given, but only the name by which 
the person is most generally known. No one but myself 
knows how difficult it has been in some cases to get 
even that. 

Doubtless, in many instances, births and deaths have 
occurred since I obtained the facts that I have given, and, 
of course, those facts will not appear in this book. 



Our family, as the name indicates, is of Welsh origin. 
From the most reliable traditions of the family, it appears 
that Leander Hughes was born in Cumberland County, 
Virginia, about, or a very little after, the year 1700. 
Leander's father, whose first name I have not succeeded 
in obtaining, was a native of Wales, and migrated to 
Virginia, probably some time prior to the year 1700. 

Leander appears to have bequeathed his name as a 
patronymic to his descendants; for from his day there has 
been a constant stream of Leanders all along down the 
line. We often find in the same family a son named 
Leander and a daughter with the abbreviated name of 
Lea, and some times a daughter with the full name of 

I do not know whether or not Leander had any broth- 
ers or sisters, nor the name of his wife, nor what children 
were born to him, except two sons, Powell and Stephen. I 
know not which of the two was the older. It appears that 
they were born and reared in Cumberland County, Vir- 
ginia, but that at some time in the early part of their 
lives, they moved to Prince Edward County, Va., and 
settled side by side, both on Rack Island Creek, Powell 
above and Stephen below, where they spent the remainder 
of their lives, reared their families and died. 

Powell and Stephen both served in the American army 
in the Revolutionary War, and Stephen was wounded in 
some one of the battles in which he was engaged. 

I know not the name of Stephen's wife, nor of any 
of his children, except two sons, Archibald and John, the 
latter generally called Jack throughout his life. It appears 
that Archibald died in early life, and I think unmarried. 

Jack married his cousin Edith Hughes, a daughter of 


20 The Hughes Family 

Powell Hughes. With this brief sketch, the history of 
Stephen Hughes and his descendants will close, except 
as to the descendants of his son Jack who married his 
cousin Edith, and who will be mentioned in the proper 

With Powell Hughes our family history first emerges 
from the shadows into the perfect light. He was born 
June 22, 1740, and died March 5, 1823. He married Eliza- 
beth Coleman, who was born April 24, 1744. I am not 
advised as to the date of her marriage with Powell 
Hughes, nor of her death. 

Powell Hughes was possessed of considerable wealth 
in land and slaves. He appears to have been a farmer 
all his life. Following is a list of his children given in the 
exact order of their ages: 

1— Little Berry. 5— Elizabeth 

2— Mary. 6— John. 

3— Edith. 7— Susannah. 

4— Leander. 8— Gedeliah. 

There were, as will be seen, 8 in number, 4 sons and 4 
daughters. I have not succeeded in obtaining the ages 
of any except Little Berry, the oldest, but there is no 
doubt as to my giving them in the order of their births. 

Three of the sons and three daughters migrated to 
Smith County, Tennessee, though all of them except 
Gedeliah, the youngest, married in Prince Edward County, 
Virginia. John married Sallie Staples, and so far as is 
known never left his native county. Nothing whatever is 
known of his descendants. 

Elizabeth married a gospel minister, I think of the 
Baptist denomination, by the name of Matthews, Chris- 
tian name not known, and is supposed to have spent her 
entire life in Virginia. 

As has already been stated, the remaining six, all 
moved to Smith County, Tennessee; and will be taken up 
in the order of their ages, and when one is introduced his* 
or her posterity will be given so far as known before an. 
other is commenced. 

fi I 



r#* ^i 



And Connections. 21 

Little Berry Hughes. 

Little Berry Hughes, the oldest child of Powell 
Hughes and Elizabeth Hughes, nee Coleman, was born in 
Prince Edward County, Virginia, October 15, 1770. He 
married Mary Walker, a daughter of William and Lucy 
Walker, in Prince Edward County, Virginia, on May 3rd, 
1798. Mary was born Sept. 16, 1780. 

He moved to Smith County, Tennessee, in 1810, and 
settled on the Dry Fork of Mulherrin's Creek, about seven 
miles southeast of Carthage, the county-seat, and less than 
a mile from Xew Middleton. The place is now the home 
of Robert M. Baird. 

Here Little Berry became prominent as a farmer, 
trader and politician. He was successively elected to the 
lower house of the Legislature in 1815, 1817 and 1819; and 
to the State Senate in 1825; and was a candidate for elec- 
tion to one house or the other of the Legislature at the 
time of his death, which occurred on June 26, 1835. His 
wife died in 1838. 

I obtained the information concerning his legislative 
record from the public archives in the office of the Sec- 
retary of State at Nashville; and it is a fact worthy of note 
that in each of his elections to the lower house his name 
is enrolled as Littleberry Hughes, there being no division 
in his Christian name. In the Senate he is enrolled as 
L. B. Hughes. I am almost satisfied that the name was 
originally written Littleberry without division, like Little- 
john, Littlepage, &c. 

Notwithstanding the undeveloped condition of the 
country in his day, he amassed considerable wealth, con- 
sisting mainly of land and salves. Of the latter he owned 
a very large number. He reared a family of 9 children, 
4 sons and 5 daughters, named as follows: 
1— William Powell. 6 — Mary. 

2 — Lucy Lea 7 — John Walker. 

3— Elizabeth Walker. 8— Gedeliah. 

4 — Little Berry. 9 — Susannah. 

5 — Sarah Martin. 

22 The Hughes Family 

There is no certainty and very little probability that 
the above arrangement of Little Berry Hughes' children 
is exactly in the order of their ages; but it is absolutely 
certain that William Powell was the oldest and almost 
certain that Susannah was the youngest. There is doubt 
as to which was the older Lucy Lea or Elizabeth Walker. 
William Powell was born Sept. 23, 1799; Little Berry, Jr., 
on January 19, 1808; Mary or Polly on March 25, 1812; 
John Walker on February 8, 1814, and Gedeliah on January 
30, 1816. I have not been able to obtain the ages of the 
remaining four. 

1 — William Powell Hughes was born in Prince Edward 
County, Virginia, on Sept. 23, 1799, and came with his 
father, Little Berry Hughes, to Smith County, Tennessee, 
in 1810. On June 19, 1822, he married Jane Allen, who 
was born in Buckinham County, Virginia, on Feb. 15, 1807. 

William Powell became a very prominent man in the 
affairs of Smith County. He conducted extensive farming 
operations, and was engaged in various business enter- 
prises. He built the largest and most costly flouring mill 
that had at that time, ever been built in Smith County. It 
was a water mill, and stood on Hickman's Creek, opposite 
the mouth of Pigg's Branch, and a mile or more above the 
present town of Hickman. He engaged in the manufac- 
ture of stoneware or crockery, and was extensively en- 
gaged in building public bridges. 

He entered the ministry, and became one of the ablest 
and most eloquent and forceful Baptist preachers of his 
day in that section. He was for a number of years the 
pastor of the Baptist church at Hickman. It was during 
his pastorate there that the memorable controversy arose 
in the congregation over the question of predestination. 
The pastor took the anti-predestination or missionary side 
of the dispute, which became very bitter, resulting at last 
in the permanent division of the body into two congre- 
gations. They finally built two separate houses of wor- 

In or about the year 1848, he moved to Green County, 

And Connections. 23 

Arkansas. He died either in Green or Stone County, Ark., 
on June 16, 1870, having been seriously afflicted with 
paralysis during the last 12 years of his life. His wife died 
December 27, 1878. 

The children of William Powell and Jane (Allen) 
Hughes were 13 in number. Following are their names 
in the order of their ages: 

1 — Benjamin Franklin, born Aug. 9, 1823. 
2 — Jesse Allen, born Jan. 18, 1825. 
3 — Jane Berry, born Sept. 2, 1827. 
4— Mary Walker, born March 5, 1829. 
5 — Nancy Walker, born Dec. 4, 1830. 
6 — Susannah, born Dec. 27, 1832. 
7— George, born Dec. 14, 1834. 
8— William Berry, born June 24, 1837. 
9— William Berry (Second), born Oct. 27, 1839. 
10— Lucy Lea, born Feb. 2, 1842. 
11 — Cornelius Allen, born Aug. 1, 1845. 
12— Elizabeth, born Sept. 19, 1847. 
13— James Madison Allen, born March 17, 1850. 
It will be observed that there are two Walkers, three 
Berrys and three Aliens. 

1 — Benjamin Franklin Hughes, whose birth date is 
given above, was a physician and farmer. He was twice 
married. His first wife was Clarissa Meridian Oakley, 
whom he married in Smith County, Tennessee, in January, 
1846. I have not the date of her birth or death; but in 
January, 1868, he married his second wife, Sarah Cooper, 
in Stone County, Ark. 

He moved from Smith County, Tenn., to Green Coun- 
ty, Ark., in 1848, and from Green to Stone County, Ark., in 
1857. He died in the latter county in 1884, near Mountain 
View. I have no account of the death of his second wife. 
Of Dr. Hughes' two marriages there were born 10 
children, 2 of the first marriage, and 8 of the second, as 

First wife 
a— Thornton. b — William Oakley. 

24 The Hughes Family 

Second wife 
c— Meridian , g— Ida Allen, 

d— Benjamin Franklin. h— Sallie Cordelia, 

e— Jesse Allen. i— George Adam, 

f— Julia Jane. j— Little Berry. 

Of the above, the three following, Thornton, Benja- 
min Franklin and Little Berry, all died in childhood. 

b— William Oakley Hughes is married, has a large 
family. Address Childress, Texas. No other facts known. 

c— Meridian Hughes is married. Names of husband 
and address not known. 

e— Jesse Allen Hughes is married. Name of his wife 
is not known. Address, Bells Falls, Texas. 

f— Julia Jane Hughes, generally called Dena or Dene, 
married a man named Kemp. I am not advised as to his 
Christian name. Julia Jane died, and Mr. Kemp married 
her sister, Sallie Cordelia (h). No further facts are known 
concerning these two daughters of Dr. Hughes. 

g— Ida Allen Hughes was a music teacher and milliner. 
She married a lawyer whose name I have not learned. 
That was in 1896. She died about fifteen months after 
her marriage. She had one child, that died in infancy. 

i — George Adam Hughes is supposed to be somewhere 
in Texas or Oklahoma. Nothing more is known concern- 
ing him. 

I obtained the above sketch mainly from a letter writ- 
ten by Dr. Hughes in 1883, and now in the possession of 
his cousin, Mrs. Ophelia A. (Hughes) Cunningham, of 
Lebanon, Tennessee, and which she has kindly permitted 
me to use. This letter does not give the marriages of his 
children, the account of which, together with the account 
of the doctor's death was furnished by his brother, Rev. 
J. M. A. Hughes, of Austin, Texas. 

2— Jesse Allen, son of William Powell, was born in 
Smith County, Tennessee, January 18, 1825. He married 
Jane McCracken, in Green County, Ark., in 1849. He died 
in 1850. A daughter was born and named Melissa. She 
married three times. The names of all her husbands ar* 


And Connections. 25 

unknown to me. Her third husband once represented 
Green County, Ark., in the Legislature. 

3 — Jane Berry, daughter of William Powell Hughes, 
married Alexander Cothan or Cauthorn, a school teacher. 
She died at Mountain View, Ark., Sept. 13, 1872. 
They had 4 children, as follows: 

a — Mary Ann. c — Theresa, 

b — William Berry. d — James. 

a — Mary Ann. Nothing reported concerning her after 
her birth. 

b — William Berry Cauthorn married, but the name of 
his wife is not known. He is said to have reared a large 
family, and appears to have been a man of prominence. 
He served several terms as County Judge of Stone County, 

c — Theresa married in Stone County, Ark., and died a 
few years later. Nothing more is known concerning her. 

d — James Cauthorn married. Name of wife is un- 
known. Five children were born to him. He and his wife 
are dead, and all the children except one. No names have 
been furnished. 

4 — Mary Walker Hughes, daughter of William Powell, 
was born in Smith County, Tenn., March 5, 1829, and died 
at Gainsville, Green County, Ark., July 25, 1860. She 
married Thomas Lane in Green County, Ark. Mr. Lane 
died soon after marriage. It appears that his death oc- 
curred before Mary's. There was a son born of this mar- 
riage, and named Thomas Powell Lane. He appears to 
have become locally prominent. He was for several years 
Sheriff of Craighead County, Ark. I have learned no other 
facts concerning him. 

5 — Nancy Walker Hughes was born in Smith Count> 
Tenenssee, Dec. 4, 1830, and died at Gainsville, Green 
County, Ark., Sept. 19, 1850. She married a man named 
Gullett. first name not learned. Nancy died soon after 
marriage, and was followed in a short time by her hus- 
band. They left one child, a daughter, named Josephine, 
who it appears never married, and died about the year 1866. 

26 The Hughes Family 

6 — Susannah, daughter of William Powell Hughes, was 
born in Smith County, Tenn., Dec. 27, 1832. She married 
John Boyd, who was killed or died in the Civil War. They 
had 4 children, all living and married, but no names are 
given. Susannah, if living, is at Timbo, Stone County, Ark. 

7 — George Hughes was born in Smith County, Tenn., 
Dec. 14, 1834. He died unmarried at Gainsville, Ark., 
Aug. 8, 1851. 

8 — William Berry Hughes was born in Smith County, 
Tenn., June 24, 1837. He died July 19, 1838. 

9— William Berry (second) was born Oct. 27, 1839. 
He died Aug. 18, 1841. 

10 — Lucy Lea Hughes was born in Smith County, 
Tenn., February 2, 1842. She first married A. J. Felton 
in Arkansas, and afterwards went to Texas. Mr. Felton 
died and Lucy Lea married E. J. Morris. They have a 
large family, and live at Dalhart, Texas. 

11 — Cornelius Alien Hughes, generally called Dick, 
was born in Smith County, Tenn., Aug. 1, 1845, and died 
at Bald Knob, Ark., March 16, 1876. He was noted for 
his good and amiable qualities. He never married. 

12 — Elizabeth, daughter of William Powell Hughes, 
was born in Smith County, Tenn., Sept. 19, 1847. She 
has married three times. She first married John Dunaway 
in Arkansas. Her second husband was Thomas Warren, 
whom she married in Williamson County, Texas. Her 
third husband was S. A. Spivey, a veternary surgeon. 
She now lives at Xo. 1705, Colorado Street, Austin, Texas. 

It appears that there were no children of the first 
marriage. Of the second marriage there were 3 children, 
as follows: 

a — Tennessee. b — John Claudius. 

c— Bell. 

a — Tennessee married R. E. Warren — no kin, — a mer- 
chant doing a large business. He conducts four large 
stores in the business portion of Austin. Texas. 

b — John Claudius Warren is represented as a very 
intelligent and prepossessing young man. He was un- 

And Connections. 27 

fortunately killed in Houston, Texas, about the year 1907. 

c — Bell Warren died at the age of about 8 years. 

Of the third marriage there is one child, Mattie 
Spivey, unmarried, and living with her mother. 

13 — James Madison Allen Hughes, youngest child of 
William Powell Hughes, was born March 17, 1850. He 
married Malinda Ann Prichard, who was born May 10, 
1854. They married July 5, 1871. They now reside at 
No. 306, East First Street, Austin, Texas. He is a min- 
ister in the Church of Christ. 

Their children have been 8 in number, as follows: 
a— Dick Allen, born July 28, 1872. 
b — Malinda Jane, born Feb. 8, 1875. 
c— William Franklin, born Oct. 26, 1876. 
d' — James Albert, born Sept. 25, 1880. 
e— Edward Powell, born Nov. 27, 1882. 
f — Henry Jefferson, born Nov. 10, 1885. 
g— Robert Alfred, born March 20, 1890. 
h — Lucy Lea, born Jan. 8, 1895. 
a — Dick Allen Hughes died Sept. 3. 1873. 
b — Malinda Jane Hughes died Nov. 16, 1875. 
c — William Franklin Hughes married Lucy Pearson in 
Bell County, Texas. He is a carpenter and contractor in 
Austin, Texas. He has 8 children as follows: 

1 — Ida Allen. 5 — Claudius Frank. 

2— Viola. 6— Anna Bell. 

3 — James. 7 — Myrtle. 

4— Mary Bell. 8— Ina Dell. 

d — James Albert Hughes died Jan. 27, 1881. 
e — Edward Powell Hughes married Ella Chappell in 
Austin, Texas. He is a carpenter and contractor in that 
city. The}' have had 2 children: Daisy Lee and Ethel, 
the latter dead. 

f — Henry Jefferson Hughes is unmarried and lives 
with his parents. He is bookkeeper, stenographer and 
typewriter for a large fire insurance company in Austin, 
Texas. He has been so employed for the last five years, 
commencing when he was about 19 years of age. 

28 The Hughes Family 

g — Robert Alfred Hughes is unmarried. He is a car- 
riage and sign painter. He is manager of a large carriage 
concern in Houston, Texas. 

h — Lucy Lea Hughes died Sept. 12, 1897. 

This closes the record of the descendants of William 
Powell Hughes, the oldest of the children of Little Berry 
Hughes, Sr. 

I exceedingly regret that some parts of the record of 
this interesting branch of the Hughes family are so in- 
complete and fragmentary; but, owing to the scattered 
condition of the family, it has been impossible for me to 
obtain any more facts than are here presented. 



2 — Lucy Lea Hughes, daughter of Little Berry Hughes, 
St., married Xathan Ward, a son of John and Holly Ward. 

Xathan Ward was, for some forty years, one of the 
most prominent men of affairs in South Smith County. 
He became the owner of the homestead of his wife's 
father, Little Berry Hughes, Sr. He was the senior part- 
ner in the mercantile firm of Xathan and Sterling Ward 
at Xew Middleton. The house carried a general stock, as 
was done by nearly all country stores in those days. This 
house handled dry goods, groceries, hardware, shoes, hats, 
&c. It was around Ward's store that Xew Middleton 
grew up. This store was one of the old land marks of 
that section, and for thirty or forty years it enjoyed, prob- 
ably, a more substantial patronage than any other country 
store in Smith County. Prior to 1850 country stores were 
numerous in that region. Xow, there is generally a village 
wherever there was a store then. 

Mr. Ward was a Justice of the Peace for a number of 
years. He was elected to the lower house of the Legis- 
lature in 1861. He died soon after the close of the Civil 

His wife, Lucy Lea, died early in life, leaving 4 chil- 
dren, 3 daughters and 1 son, whose names in the order of 
their ages, are as follows: 

a — Mary Jane. c — Martha Marion. 

b — William Walker. d — Holly Mangrum. 

a — Mary Jane died unmarried in the early part of the 
Civil War. I am not advised as to the date of her birth 
or death. 

b — William Walker Ward was born Oct. 5, 1825, and 
died April 10, 1871. He was a very exemplary young man, 
received a classical education, studied law, and was ad- 


30 The Hughes Family 

mitted to the bar early in the 50's, if not a little earlier: 
He was elected to the lower house of the Legislature in 
1855. He married Miss Elizabeth Hughes Rucks, Dec. 
23, 1862. She was a daughter of Howell and Darthula 
(Bradford) Rucks, was born Sept. 6, 1836. She died Dec. 
26, 1894. 

It is a fact worthy of note that his grandfather, Little 
Berry Hughes, his father, Nathan Ward, and Col. Ward 
himself, all at different times, represented Smith County 
in the Legislature. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War he enlisted in the 
Confederate army, but became disabled by sickness, and 
was discharged on account of disability while in Virginia. 
He returned home and after he had partially recovered 
his health he recruited a company of cavalry, and with his 
company, joined the Ninth Tennessee Confederate Cav- 
alry, of which regiment he became the Colonel. His reg- 
iment was familiarly known as "Ward's Ducks." The 
operations of this regiment appear to have been mainly in 
the State of Tennessee. 

In 1870 he was elected Chancellor of his, the Fourth 
Chancery Division. His election was contested by his 
opponent on technical grounds. The case was decided 
favorably to Col. Ward, but during the pendency of the 
contest he died. He was deprived of the emoluments of 
the office in a way that was so manifest a hardship that 
the Legislature by special enactment, allowed him the 
salary from the commencement of the term for which he 
was elected to the time of his death. This salary was paid 
to his widow. As a man, a lawyer, a soldier and a 
citizen. Col. Ward stood high in the esteem of all who 
knew him. 

Col. Ward left only one child, a daughter, named 
Lula Lee. She married Walter Doggett Sykes, of Nash- 
ville, a dry goods salesman all his life. He was born Jan. 
6, 1860. He was considered one of the best judges of dry 
goods in Nashville. He died May 15, 1907. At the time 
of his death he was in the employ of the Castner-Knott 

And Connections. 31 

Dry Goods Co. His widow, Mrs. Lula Lee Sykes, resides 
at No. 609, Dermonbreun Street, Nashville, Tennessee. 
She owns a home at 2225, Murphy Avenue, Nashville. She 
has 4 children living and 1 dead, as follows: 

Mrs. Lula Lee (Ward) Sykes was born April 8, 1866: 

1— Her oldest child, Lou Willie, was born July 15, 1892. 

2— Walter Ward was born Nov. 7, 1894, died July 
10, 1896. 

3— Rucks Martin, born May 3, 1899. 

4 — Catharine Marie, born Feb. 22, 1902. 

5— Mary Elizabeth, born March 10, 1907. 

c — Martha Marion Ward was born April 19, 1828. Died 
at New Middleton, Term., July 24, 1871. On July 7, 1846, 
she married John Gardner Bransford, who was born in 
Moulton, Alabama, March 16, 1825, and died August 8, 
1896, and was buried by the side of his wife in the family 
burying ground on the Nathan Ward place, near New 
Middleton, Tenn. 

John Gardner Bransford's life sketch reads like a ro- 
mance. He was descended from an old English family on 
his father's side, whose history extends back for centuries, 
first appearing in London. His mother was Jane Gardner, 
of Irish descent. He left his native home when very 
young, and went to Memphis, Tenn., where he worked a 
short time as a journeyman printer. He then went to 
Nashville where he worked at the same trade. Later he 
went to Smith County, Tenn., where he met and married 
Martha Marion Ward at the time already stated, and 
located in Carthage, Tenn., where he established a paper 
called the Carthage Casket. After a short time he moved 
to Lebanon, Tenn., and published a paper called The Leb- 
anon Herald. 

In 1850, he took the gold fever and left for California. 
A trip from Tennessee to California then and now are two 
very different propositions. He joined a party, and went 
by way of New Orleans. There he took shipping on 
board a sail vessel, sailed across the gulf to Mexico, the 
people of w r hich country then had little friendly feeling 

32 The Hughes Family 

for Americans, the Mexican war having recently ended. 
He made his way across Mexico, took shipping in a sail 
vessel from some point on the west coast of that country, 
and finally reached San Francisco, then a small village, 
in fact, little more than a roaring mining camp. He was 
90 days making the trip, and spent 30 days out of sight 
of land. What a change has been wrought since then. 
In the present day one could easily girdle the earth twice 
in 90 days. 

Mr. Bransford remained in California three years, a 
part of which time he was engaged in digging gold, and a 
part of the time he worked at the printer's trade, earning 
$10.00 per day. The country was wild, and the few people 
in it were wilder, and Mr. Bransford, of necessity, led a 
wild and romantic life, making many narrow escapes from 
death at the hands of Indians. He wore his hair extra 
long, and was known among his comrades as ''Black-eyed 

He returned in 1853, and settled down at New Middle- 
ton, where his family had resided during his absence. He 
entered the mercantile business with the Ward Brothers, 
the firm name being finally changed to W^ard & Bransford. 
He so remained till the death of his wife in 1871. He then 
secured a position as Baggage Master and Express Mes- 
senger on the X. C. & St. L. R. R., with a run from Nash- 
ville to Lebanon, Tenn., in which business he continued 
for 10 years, when he went into the mercantile business in 
Lebanon, Tenn., at which he continued till the time of his 

The children of John Gardner and Martha Marion 
Bransford are 3 in number, as follows: 

1 — William Gardner. 2 — Lucy Jane. 

3 — Robert Creighton. 

Beside these there were 3 that died in early infancy. 

1 — William Gardner Bransford was born in Lebanon, 
Tenn., Nov. 30, 1848. On Oct. 29, 1874, he married Fannie 
Pierce Stevens, who was born near New Middleton, Tenn., 
Nov. 27, 1852, and died at New Middleton Sept. 5, 1885 


And Connections. 33 

He has lived at the old Bransford homestead at New Mid- 
dleton, and has been engaged in mercantile business 
practically all his life in the same house that was so 
long occupied by his father and Nathan and Sterling Ward. 
He has 2 children, daughters, named Mattie Lou and 
Alma Bell. 

Mattie Lou married Kitty Clyde Terry, a contractor, 
mechanic and electrician. They live with her father. They 
have one child, a daughter, named Gladys Alma. 

Alma Bell married James Samuel Barrett. He is en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits. Address, New Middleton, 
Tenn. They have no children. 

2 — Lucy Jane Bransford married William James Bell, 
of Nashville. Mr. Bell was a grocery and produce mer- 
chant for 30 years. He is now with the Lee-Booth Furni- 
ture Co. This statement was taken in October, 1909, and 
the events and ages here mentioned must be referred to 
that date. Mr. Bell is 68 years old, and Mrs. Bell 55. 
They live at No. 1202, Stainback Street, Nashville, Tenn. 
Lucy Jane is Mr. Bell's second wife. He first married 
Miss Sarah Everett, who left one child, John Hezzie Bell, 
who married Mary Laura Elder. She died about the year 
1905, leaving two children, Chlo May and Charles Byron, 
12 and 8 years old respectively. These two children are, 
of course, not related to the Hughes family. 

The children of W. J. and Lucy Jane Bell are 5 in 
number, as follows: 

a — Mattie Jane. d — John Bransford. 

b— Cherry Lou e— Roberta. 

c — Willie May. 
a — Mattie Jane Bell married Austin Martin, a carriage 
painter, now living at No. 241, Van Buren St., Memphis, 
Tenn. They have 4 children, as follows: 

1— Robert Austin Martin, 8 years old. 

2— Virginia Pearl Martin, 5 years old. 

3 — Richmond Martin, 2 years old. 

4 — William Hooper Martin, born recently, 
b— Cherry Lou Bell was born in 1883. She married 

34 The Hughes Family 

James Marion Peebles, who has been an air-break inspec- 
tor all his life till recently. He is now engaged in farming 
on White's Creek on R. F. D. from Nashville. Their chil- 
dren are 3, as follows: 

Beatrice Bell, 8 years old; Marion Lucile, died Sept. 
6, 1909, aged about 4 years, and Willie Elizabeth. 

c— Willie May Bell was born in 1885. She married 
Jack Lanius, an ice dealer. Address, No. 73, Washington 
St., Nashville, Tenn. They have 2 children, daughters, 
named Ruth and Katie. 

d— John Bransford Bell was born in 1888. He married 
Eva Hinderer, aged 17. He is a railroad switchman. He 
works at terminal yards. Address No. 1053, South Second 
Avenue, Nashville, Tenn. They have 1 child, Curtis 

e— Roberta Bell, aged 13, youngest child, is unmarried. 

3— Robert Creighton Bransford married Mary Bostic, 
of Nashville. She died about 1907 leaving no children. 
Robert has been in the employ of the N. C. & St. L. Rail- 
road for the last 30 years. He was in the office of the 
Secretary and Treasurer for many years, and, later was 
assistant paymaster a number of years. He now resides 
at Craggie Hope, Tenn., still in the employ of the railroad. 

d— Holly Mangrum Ward, youngest daughter of Na- 
than and Lucy Lea Ward, was born Dec. 27, 1829. Died 
July 25, 1905. She married William J. Johnson, a son of 
John and Nancy Johnson. William J. was a farmer and 
tobacco dealer. He spent his entire life on a farm a short 
distance south of New Middleton, Smith Co., Tenn. I 
have not the date of his death, but he died several years 


The children born to this marriage were 7, as follows: 

1— James Nathan. 5— Alice Marion. 

2— Lucy Ann. 6— John Ward. 

3— William Francis. 7— Mattie Ophelia. 
4 — Robert Emmet. 

1— James Nathan Johnson married Martha Genetta 

And Connections. 35 

Winfrey, and went to Texas. He is a farmer. Address, 
Blossom, Texas. 

Their children are 8, as follows: 

a— William N. born May 28, 1884. 
b— Daisy O., born Aug. 18, 1886. 
c— Claud, born Nov. 18, 1891. 
d— Holly M., born Dec. 13, 1893. 
e — Mattie Lou, born Sept. 17, 1896. 
f— Turner L, born June 16, 1899. 
g— Clyde, born Jan. 26, 1902. 
h— Clara, born Jan. 26, 1902. 
The two last are twins. 

a— William X. married Clara Allen Oct. 10, 1905. He 
is a farmer. Address Blossom, Texas. 

b — Daisy O. married Ed. Compton, Dec. 23, 1908. A 
farmer. Address, Clarksville, Texas. 

2 — Lucy Ann Johnson married Dr. Turner Lawrence 
Johnson, a physician. They are not related. From this 
marriage, there has been but 1 child. It died in early in- 
fancy. Address, Greenbrier, Tenn. 

3 — William Francis Johnson has never married. He 
lives on the old homestead. Address, New Middleton, 

4 — Robert Emmet Johnson is a physician. He married 
Miss Xellie Wilson, a daughter and only child of Dr. 
Samuel Berdine Wilson. His address is Grant, Tenn. 
Of this marriage there is only 1 child that survived the 
age of early infancy. His name is Samuel Hoyal, 13 years 
old, and a cripple since his fourth year. 

5 — Alice Marion Johnson married Daniel Webster 
Seay. Address not known. Alice died many years ago. 
Her children were 4 in number, 3 daughters and 1 son, as 

a — Lela, b — Daisy, c — Alice, d — Weekly, a son. 
d — Weekly is a Methodist preacher. Address not 
known, but he is supposed to be somewhere in the state 
of Tennessee. 

6 — John Ward Johnson is a farmer. His address is 

36 The Hughes Family 

New Middleton, Tenn. He married Mattie Hailey. She 
died early in life, leaving 2 children, daughters, named 
Ella and Julia Alice. They live with their aunt, Mrs. Lucy 
Ann Johnson. John married again. His second wife was 
Miss Ida Kitchen. Of this second marriage there are 
no children. 

7 — Mattie Ophelia Johnson married John Ashley. Ad- 
dress Hickman, Tenn. No children. 



3— Elizabeth Walker Hughes, daughter of Little Berry 
Hughes, Sr., married Avail Ward, a son of John and 
Holly Ward. He spent his entire life in Smith County, 
Tenn., engaged in various pursuits. The wife died in 1838. 
There were born of this marriage 5 children, 4 daughters 
and 1 son, as follows: 

1 — Eliza Jane, born June 25, 1825 
2— Lucy Lea, born Feb. 20, 1830. 
3 — Elizabeth Ann, born Sept. 1. 1832. 
4 — Francis Marion, born Feb. 25, 1835. 
5 — Sarah Hughes, born Jan. 6, 1838. 
1 — Eliza Jane Ward married Dawson Gwaltney, a 
prosperous farmer, now living at a very advanced age near 
Hickman, Tenn., on Dec. 23, 1845. The wife died Sept. 30, 
1899. Their children were 7 in number, as follows: 
a — Thomas Franklin, born Dec. 4. 1846. 
b— John Avan, born March 29, 1849. 
c — Mary Elizabeth, born June 20, 1852. 
d — Sarah Kathlene, born Aug. 24, 1854. 
e— William, born May 20, 1857. 
f— Robert, born June 20, 1860. 
g — Martha Frances, born July 27. 1867. 
a — Thomas Franklin Gwaltney was twice-married. He 
first married Sarah Baird in August, 1864. His second 
wife was Emma Sweatt. Address, Russellville, Ky. 

The children of these two marriages were 11 in num- 
ber, 8 of the first, and 3 of the second marriage, as follows: 

First wife: 
1— Bettie Jane. 5— Mattie Kathlene 

2 — Jessie Alice. 6 — Fannie Lillian. 

3— Mary Etta (Mollie). 7— Minnie Bell. 
4 — Joe Eddie. 8 — Sarah Ellen. 


38 The Hughes Family 

Second wife: 
9 — Guy Franklin. 10 — Margie Eliza. 

11 — Lottie Piper, 
b — John Avan Gwaltney married Emma King, a 
daughter of Rev. Ira King, in 1870. 
Their children are 10, as follows: 

1— Mary. 6— Ira. 

2 — Archibald. 7— Thomas. 

3— Fannie. 8 — Ora. 

4— William. 9— Lillie. 

5— Walter. 10— Minnie. 

I presume that among the above 10 children there are 
some middle names, but if so I have failed to get them. 

c — Mary Elizabeth Gwaltney, generally called Mollie, 
married Josiah Baird in April, 1870, and died in July of 
the same year. 

d — Sarah Kathlene Gwaltney married Dawson Wills 
in January, 1874. Of this marriage there are 4 children, 
as follows: 

1 — Oscar. 3 — Avan. 

2— Ophelia Bell. 4— Pearl. 

2— Ophelia Bell was born in 1878, and died in 1908. 
e — William Gwaltney married Lydia Wauford. They 
have 3 children: 

1 — Finis Edgar. 2 — Lura. 3— Bartlett. 

f — Robert Gwaltney married Greenie Ashby in 1881. 
He was accidentally shot and killed in 1907, leaving no 

g — Martha Frances Gwaltney married Luther Betty in 
1885. He died in 1892. Martha Frances married again, 
her second husband being William Hunt. 

Of the first marriage there were 3 children, as follows: 
Kathlene Betty, Drucilla Betty and Martha Betty. 

Of her second marriage, there are 2 children as fol- 
lows: Flora Hunt and Minnie Hunt. 

Drucilla Betty married a Mr. Robertson, whose first 
name has not been learned. 

Following are the marriages and children of Dawson 

And Connections. 39 

Gwaltney's grandchildren. These children being Dawson 
Gwaltney's great-grandchildren. 

a — Grandchildren of Thomas Franklin, oldest son of 
Dawson Gwaltney. 

1 — Bettie Jane, daughter of Thomas Franklin Gwalt- 
ney, married John Moss. Their children are 8 in number, 
as follows: 

a — Letitia Robbie. e — Lorene. 

b — Loula. f — Charlie, 

c — Joe (probably Joseph). g — Fannie Bryan, 
d— Lillard. h— Ruby, 

a — Letitia Robbie married Rufus Williams. They have 
the following 2 children: 

Mildred Williams and Harold Williams. 
The reader will note that these two Williams children 
are great-great-grandchildren of Dawson Gwaltney. 

The remaining 7 children of Bettie Jane and John 
Moss are unmarried. 

2 — Jessie Alice, second daughter of Thomas Franklin 
Gwaltney, married John Ashley, Hickman, Tenn. Their 
children are 4, as follows: 

a — Mollie. c — Olga Dempsey, a son. 

b — Jennie Candace. d — Sarah Robbie, 
a — Mollie married Walter Harper, and died leaving no 

4 — Joe Eddie, a son of Thomas F. Gwaltney, married 
Mattie Fouch. They have 1 child, a daughter, named 

5 — Mattie Kathlene. a daughter of Thomas F. Gwalt- 
ney, married Lloyd Ray Hutcheson. Address, Russellville, 
Ky. They have 4 children, as follows: 

a — Lloyd Thomas. c — Beverly Ray. 

b — Leonard Watson. d — Robert Baird. 

6 — Fannie Lillian, a daughter of Thomas F. Gwaltney, 
married Joe King, address, Russellville, Ky. They have 
1 child, a son, named Joseph Boyse. 

7 — Minnie Bell, a daughter of Thomas F. Gwaltney, 

40 The Hughes Family 

married James Stewart, address, Russellville, Ky. Their 
children are 4, as follows: 

a — Maggie Lou. c — Harry Ross. 

b — Joseph Ray. d — Fairy Lillian. 

b — Grand-children of John Avan, a son of Dawson 

1 — Mary, a daughter of John Avan Gwaltney, married 
B. Deadman. He died, leaving 4 children: 

a — Joe, b — Robert, c — Ava, d — Emma. 

e — Grand-children of William Gwaltney, a son of 
Dawson Gwaltney: 

1 — Finis Edgar, a son of William Gwaltney, married 
Adelia Johnson, a daughter of Charles B. Johnson, whose 
wife was Lucy Lea Gwaltney, a daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Ann Gwaltney. Finis Edgar and Adelia are 
cousins twice removed. They have 1 child, named Thomas 

This closes the record of Dawson and Eliza Jane 
Gwaltney's descendants. 

2 — Lucy Lea, the second one of Avan and Elizabeth 
Walker Ward's children, married Matthew Alexander Gor- 
don, a son of Harrison Gordon, and a grandson of John 
(Jack) Gordon. He was a farmer. He died at Stonewall, 
Tenn., in 1876. His wife died at the same place in 1880, 
Their children were 9 in number, as follows: 
a — Frances Elizabeth. e — Ella. 
b — John Harrison. f — Addie. 

c — Callie Matilda. g — Thomas Gwaltney. 

d — William Avan. h — James Alexander, 

i — Lem Robinson, 
a — Frances Elizabeth Gordon married Felix Grundy 
Perkins, a son of Henry J. and Araminta C. Perkins. She 
died about 1875 or 76. Her husband's address is Stone- 
wall, Tenn. 

b — John Harrison Gordon married Judith Hatton 
Perkins, a daughter of Henry J. Perkins. He was a mer- 
chant. He died at Madeira, Cal., in the fall of 1909. 


And Connections. 41 

c — Callie Matilda Gordon married Alfred Gibbs. She 
is dead. 

d — William Avan, f — Thomas Gwaltney, h — James 
Alexander, and i — Lem. Robinson Gordon all live at Ma- 
deira, Cal. It appears that James Alexander is married, 
and that William Avan, Thomas Gwaltney, and Lem Rob- 
inson are unmarried. Ella Gordon married Robert John- 
son, a son of Shed Johnson. 

f — It appears that Addie Gordon lives somewhere in 
Kentucky, but I am not advised as to her address, or 
whether or not she is married. 

3 — Elizabeth Ann Ward, third daughter of Avan Ward, 
married Thomas Gwaltney, a brother of Dawson Gwalt- 
ney, who married Elizabeth Ann's sister, Eliza Jane Ward. 
Thomas and Elizabeth Ann married in January, 1852. 
Thomas died in September, 1882. Elizabeth Ann died Feb. 
26, 1897. They spent their entire married lives at and 
near Hickman, Smith Co., Tenn. 

Mr. Gwaltney's occupation during his life time was 
that of a farmer, stock raiser and stock dealer. 

The children of this marriage are 5, as follows: 
a — Sarah Frances, born in 1853. 
b — Serepta Inez, born in 1855. 
c — Jane Victoria, born in 1858. 
d — Lucy Lea, born in 1861. 
e — Alonzo Avan, born ,# n 1877. 
a — Sarah Frances Gwaltney, generally called Fannie, 
married Jesse Elson Baird, a son of Josiah Baird. He is 
a farmer, stock breeder, and dealer in live stock. His 
address is Hickman, Tenn. 

Their children are 3, as follows: 

1 — William Edgar. 2 — Roberta Louise. 

3 — Charles Roy. 
1 — William Edgar is generally called Jack by his 
family and intimate acquaintances. He is a druggist. He 
is not married. Address, Hickman, Tenn. 

2 — Roberta Louise Baird is not married. She lives 
with her parents. She has literary tastes, has written a 

42 The Hughes Family 

great deal of poetry of decided merit. She has a prize 
poem in that select publication, entitled "The Garden 
of Verses," published in Washington City. 

3 — Charles Roy Baird is a boy in his teens, living with 
his parents. 

b — Serepta Inez Gwaltney married Logan Alexander 
Coffee, a son of Stockard W. and Minerva (Harper) Coffee. 
He is a farmer. Address, Gordonsville, Tenn. 

There have been born to this marriage 5 children, as 

1 — Maggie Lea. 3 — Lemuel Mack. 

2 — Thomas Stockard. 4 — Jesse Herschel. 
5 — Effie Deane. 
1 — Maggie Lea Coffee married John Finis Johnson, a 
miller, address, Hickman, Tenn. Their children are 8 in 

a — Callie Inez. e — Alton Brooks, 

b — Johnnie May. f — James Smith. 

c — George Burnie. g — Logan Alexander, 

d — Charles Baxter. h — Lucy Frances. 

2 — Thomas Stockard Coffee married Margaret Crow- 
der. He is a farmer and fruit grower. Address Madeira, 
Cal. Their children are 5, as follows: 

a — Everett. c — Serepta Her. 

b — Raymond. d — Earl Johnson, 

e — Logan Alexander. 
3 — Lemuel Mack Coffee married Delina Carter. He is 
a farmer. Address, Alexandria, Tenn., R. F. D. No. 2. No 

4 — Jesse Herschel Coffee married Frances Fitzgerald 
in California. She is a native of the State of New York. 
Jesse Herschel is a grain farmer. Address Madeira, Cal. 
No children. 

5 — Effie Deane Coffee married William Avail Wright. 
Occupation, a farmer. Address, Hartsville, Tenn. Their 
children are 4 in number, as follows: 

a — Eudah Estell. c — Vernon Coffee, 

b — Hazel Inez. d — William Carlin. 

And Connections. 43 

c — Jane Victoria Gwaltney, daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Ann Gwaltney, married John Turner, a farmer. 
Address, Brush Creek, Tenn. The children of this mar- 
riage are 6, as follows: 

1 — Nora Ann. 4 — Minnie Frances. 

2 — William Thomas. 5 — Lillie Florence. 

3— Bettie Lou. 6— Alta Allie. 

1 — Nora Ann Turner married Thomas Horton, a far- 
mer. Address, Carthage, Tenn., R. F. D. No. 1. They 
have 1 child, Bessie Jane Horton. 

2 — William T. Turner married Hattie Stewart. She 
died, and William married Mollie Blackburn. No children 
of either marriage. William is a farmer. Address, Brush 
Creek, Tenn., R. F. D. 4. 

3 — Bettie Lou Turner married John Hunt, a farmer, 
address, Alexandria, Tenn. They have 1 child, named 
Denny Hunt. 

4 — Minnie Frances Turner married Wm. Baker, a far- 
mer. Address, Hickman, Tenn. They have 4 children, as 

a — Willie Thomas. c — Myrtle Lea. 

b — Mary Lou. d — Flora Maye. 

5 — Lillie Florence Turner married Herman Baker, a 
farmer, address, Carthage, Tenn. Of this marriage, there 
is 1 child named Homer King Baker. 

6 — Alta Allie Turner, is not married. 

d — Lucy Lea Gwaltney, daughter of Thos. and Eliza- 
beth Ann Gwaltney, married Charles B. Johnson, a miller. 
Address, Hickman, Tenn. He was one of the members of 
the Hickman Milling Co. He died April 4, 1900. Their 
children are 4, as follows: 

1— William Richard. 3— Adelia Etta. 

2 — Thomas Walter. 4 — Fannie Alice. 

1 — William Richard Johnson married Zoda Bruce. His 
address is Hickman, Tenn. Occupation a miller. No 

2 — Thomas Walter Johnson is unmarried. 

3 — Adelia Etta Johnson married Finis Edgar Gwaltney, 

44 The Hughes Family 

a farmer. Address, Hickman, Term. They are cousins 
twice removed. One child, named Thomas Brett. 

4 — Fannie Alice Johnson married Albert Thomas, a 
farmer. Address, Hickman, Tenn. They have 1 child, 
named Albert Brice. 

e — Alonzo Avan Gwaltney, youngest child and only 
son of Thos. and Elizabeth Ann Gwaltney, is not married. 
He has been engaged most of his life in mercantile pur- 
suits. He is now with the P. J. Tinsley Millinery Co., 
Nashville, Tenn. 

4 — Francis Marion Ward, fourth child and only son, of 
Avan and Elizabeth Walker Ward, was born Feb. 26, 1835. 
He died several years ago, but the date of his death has 
not been ascertained. He was three times married. 

His first wife was Mary Jane Newbell, whom he mar- 
ried October 6, 1853. She died May 15, 1873. His second 
wife was Mrs. Nancy Jane Foster, a widow, and the 
daughter of Joseph Moss. This second marriage was in 
April, 1875. 

His third wife was Mrs. Nancy Jane Ferguson, a 
widow. Her maiden name is not known, nor has the date 
of the third marriage been learned. 

The children of the three wives that survived the age 
of early infancy were 11 in number: 

First wife: 
a — Frances Eugenia. e — Bettie. 
b — John Avan. f — Francis Marion. 

c — Nancy Jane. g — William Walker, 

d — Thomas Marion. h — Lucy Lea. 

Second wife: 
i — Arthur. j — George Austin. 

Third wife: 

k — Homer. 

a — Frances Eugenia died unmarried (?) Feb. 20, 1873. 

b — John Avan, born in Smith Co., Tenn., Nov. 4, 1858. 
Died unmarried in Oklahoma in 1894. 

c — Nancy Jane Ward married William Carlin Wright, 

And Connections. 45 

a farmer. Address, Hartsville, Tenn. She died in 1891. 
Her children were 5 in number, as follows: 

1 — Cora. 3 — Serepta Inez or Her. 

2 — William Avan. 4 — Catherine Grace. 

5 — Robert Taylor. 

d — Thomas Marion Ward, generally called Dock, is 
married and living in Oklahoma. His address, the name 
of his wife, and the number and names of his children, if 
any, are all unknown. 

e — Bettie Ward, daughter of Francis Marion Ward, 
married Thomas Xewbell. He is dead. Her address is 
Hickman, Tenn. Their children are 2 in number, as fol- 
lows: Callie Pearl and Robert Benton. 

f — Francis Marion Ward, Jr., was born Jan. 29, 1869. 
He is said to have died unmarried in California. The 
exact date of his death is not known. 

g — William Ward, son of Francis Marion Ward, Sr., 
was born March 20, 1871. He died unmarried in Califor- 
nia. The place and date of his death have not been as- 

h — Lucy Ward died unmarried. 

i — Arthur Ward is married, but I am wholly unadvised 
as to the name of his wife or his present address. 

j — George Austin Ward, k — Homer Ward. 

I have obtained no information concerning the two 
last beyond their birth. 

5 — Sarah Hughes Ward, youngest child of Avan and 
Elizabeth Walker W r ard, was born in Smith County, Tenn., 
Jan. 6, 1838. She married Avan Massive Thomas, a son 
of Diggs W. and Judith Thomas, on Aug. 20, 1855. Avan 
and Sarah were cousins once removed. Avan was born 
in Smith County, Tenn., Oct. 4, 1832. He died in Galena, 
Kansas, Sept. 25, 1893. Sarah died at the same place 
May 16, 1907. 

Almost immediately after their marriage they moved 
to Johnson County, Missouri] At some later date they 
moved to Lawrence Co., Missouri, afterwards to Joplin, 
Missouri, and finally to Galena, Kansas, where they both 

46 7 he Hughes Family 

died as above stated. Avan was interested in mining. 
Their children were 7 in number, as follows: 
a — Elizabeth, born April 1, 1856. 
b — Eliza Jane, born Jan. 23, 1859. 
c — Sarah Wilhelmina, born Feb. 2, 1862. 
d — Charles Franklin, born May 1, 1865. 
e — Salena Frances, born Aug. 20, 1869. ) 
f— Eugene Ward, born Aug. 20, 1869. \ Twins - 
g — Emma Pearl, born Dec. 18, 1872. 
a — Elizabeth married George Tracy. Both are dead. 
Dates of their respective deaths are not known. 

b — Eliza Jane married Noah J. Ryan. Occupation, a 
grocer, owns two good farms besides city property. Ad- 
dress, Xo. 720, East Fifth St., Galena, Kansas. 

c — Sarah Wilhelmina died unmarried at the age of 15. 
d — Charles Franklin married Kate Boynton. His oc- 
cupation, moving picture show. Address, Ada, Oklahoma, 
e — Salena Frances married Charles E. Grant. Occu- 
pation, a mine operator. Address, No. 2022, Penn. Avenue, 
Joplin, Mo. 

f — Eugene Ward Thomas died unmarried July 2, 1907. 

g — Emma Pearl Thomas married Robert S. Hersch- 

berger. Occupation, telegraph operator and trader, works 

at a flouring mill. Owns city property. Address, No. 729, 

East Grand Avenue, Wichita, Kansas. 

This closes the record of the descendants of Avan 
Ward and his first wife, Elizabeth Walker Hughes. Mr. 
Ward married a second time. His second marriage will 
be mentioned under the head of the Ward family. 


4— Little Berry Hughes, Jr., son of Little Berry 
Hughes, Sr., was born in Prince Edward County, Va., Jan. 
19, 1808, and died in Morgan County, Missouri, April 25, 
1858. He married Nancy Ward, a daughter of John and 
Holly Ward, in Smith County, Tenn. She was born in 
Smith County, Tenn., October 15, 1809, and died in Mor- 
gan County, Missouri, June 15, 1896, nearly 87 years old. 
She and Little Berry married Jan. 26, 1826. 

Little Berry was a farmer. He moved from Smith 
County, Tenn., to Morgan Co., Missouri, in 1851, the coun- 
try to which he moved being then almost an unbroken 
wilderness. He located a farm, and had only fairly com- 
menced to open it up and improve it when he died. His 
widow remained in the county until her death about 38 
years later. 

Their children were 14 in number, as follows, in the 
order of their ages: 

a — Sallie Ann, born Nov. 21, 1827. 

b— Susan Ward, born April 13, 1829. 

c — Nathan Ward, born March 15, 1831. 

d— John Powell, born Jan. 27, 1833. 

e— William Avail ) . ,. 10 ,, 

, T ,, .... > Twins, born Aug. 14, 1834. 

f — James Meredith J & 

g — Sterling Bernard, born Sept. 27, 1836. 

h— Mary Elizabeth, born Jan. 14, 1839. 

i — Lucy Jane, born March 19, 1841. 

j — Holly Mangrum, born March 16, 1843. 

k — Nancy Green, born Aug. 20, 1845. 

1— Fielding Walker, born Jan. 18, 1848. 

m— Gedeliah, born April 8, 1852. 

n — Madison Peter, born Nov. 28, 1853. 

Of the above named children of Little Berry Hughes, 


48 The Hughes Family 

Jr., only 3 are living, to-wit: Mary Elizabeth, Nancy 
Green and Madison Peter, the youngest. 

Following is the sketch of the family, taking the order 
of their ages: 

a — Sallie Ann Hughes was born Nov. 21, 1827, and 
died Feb. 27, 1897. She married David Jasper Kennedy. 
They moved to Texas just before the beginning of the 
Civil War, and their descendants have become in great 
measure detached from the remainder of the family. Mr. 
Kennedy has been dead many years. Their children are 6 
in number, as follows: 

1 — Josephine. 4 — William Henry. 

2 — John Little Berry. 5 — Mary Alice. 

3 — James Monroe. 6 — Fannie. 

1 — Josephine married John Stout, who died several 
years ago. Josephine's address has not been learned. 

2 — John Little Berry Kennedy married Isabelle Ellis 
Alford, better known as Mittfe Alford. He is a stock 
ranchman. His address is Tenth and Chestnut Streets, 
Abilene, Texas. 

Of this marriage there are 8 children, as follows, in 
the order of their ages: 

a — Mark Taylor. e — Mittie Thelma. 

b — John Little Berry, Jr. f — Nadine. 

c — Edgar David. g — Beulah Mae. 

d — William Monroe. h — Ruby Louise. 

a — Mark Taylor Kennedy married Jewell Bell Miller. 
He is a stock ranchman. His address is Faywood, New 
Mexico, Box 424. 

b — John Little Berry Kennedy, Jr., married Laura 
Richardson. He is a live stock dealer. His address is 
Faywood, New Mexico, Box 24. 

c — Edgar David Kennedy married Marie Bryant. He 
is a live stock man. His address is Chickasha, Oklahoma, 
R. F. D. 3. 

d — William Monroe Kennedy married Myrtle Mc- 
Gehee. He is a cattle dealer. His address is Caps, Texas, 
R. F. D. 1. 


And Connections. 49 

e — Mittie Thelma Kennedy is not married, and lives 
with her parents. 

f — Nadine Kenned}- married Mat Martin Glover. He 
is a hardware merchant. Address. Tenth and Chestnut 
Sts., Abilene, Texas. 

g — Beulah .\iae Kennedy and h — Ruby Louise Ken- 
nedy are both unmarried, and live with their parents at 
Tenth and Chestnut Streets, Abilene, Texas. 

3 — James Monroe Kenned}-, son of David Jasper and 
Sally Ann (Hughes) Kennedy, married Mary Jones. He 
is a carpenter. His address is North Fort Worth, Texas. 

4 — William Henry Kennedy, son of David Jasper 
died unmarried, at the age of 19 years, at Gainesville, Cook 
Co., Texas. 

5 — Mary Alice Kennedy, daughter of David Jasper 
Kennedy, married Frank Johnson. He is a farmer. His 
address is Trousdale, Oklahoma, R. F. D. 3, Box 43. 

6 — Fannie Kennedy, daughter of David Jasper Ken- 
nedy, married Thomas Reuben Anderson. He is a con- 
tractor and builder of machine works. His address is 
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 

This closes the sketch of David Jasper Kennedy's 

b — Susan Ward Hughes, daughter of Little Berry and 
Nancy (Ward) Hughes, was born April 13, 1829, and died 
unmarried, August 22, 1845. 

c — Nathan Ward Hughes, son of Little Berry, Jr., was 
born March 15, 1831, and died unmarried Sept. 21, 1845. 

d — John Powell Hughes, born Jan. 27, 1833; died Feb. 
3, 1833. 

e — William Avan Hughes was born Aug. 14, 1834. He 
was killed by bushwhackers in September, 1864. 

f — James Meredith Hughes was born Aug. 14, 1834. 
He was killed by a kick by a horse in the Indian Territory 
in 1866, while on his way from Texas. William Avan and 
James Meredith were twins. Neither of them were mar- 

g — Sterling Bernard Hughes was born in Smith Co., 

50 The Hughes Family 

Tennessee, Sept. 27, 1836; died at Los Angeles, Cal., Sept. 
25, 1907. He went from Morgan Co., Missouri, to Los 
Angeles, Cal., in 1860. He married Henrietta Hoffman, a 
Danish lady. He applied himself to business, exercised 
good judgment, was very successful, and accumulated a 
fortune. His wife died March 24, 1902. There was but 
one child of this marriage, a daughter, named Hattie May 
Hughes. She married Mr. Robert B. Morris. Their ad- 
dress is 2292, West Twenty-second St., Los Angeles, Cal. 

h — Mary Elizabeth Hughes was born in Smith Co., 
Tenn., Jan. 14, 1839. She married William Jester. Their 
address is Harrisonville, Cass Co., Misosuri. Their chil- 
dren are 8, as follows, with their marriages. 

1 — Nancy Margaret married Thomas Jones, a farmer. 
Address, Harrisonville, Cass Co., Missouri. 

2 — John Little Berry Jester married Alice Smith. He 
is a blacksmith and dealer in agricultural implements. 
Address, Lone Tree, Cass Co., Mo. 

3 — Edward Jester married Cora Hudson. He is a 
farmer. Address, Harrisonville, Mo. 

4 — Salena Jester married Clinton Swager, a farmer. 
His address is Harrisonville, Mo. 

5 — Emma Jester married Jacob Davis, a farmer. Ad- 
dress, Harrisonville, Mo. 

6 — Minnie Jester married Richard Van Camp, a far- 
mer. Address, Harrisonville, Mo. 

7 — Willie Jester married John Duncan, a farmer. Ad- 
dress, Harrisonville, Mo. 

8 — Katie Jester married William Duncan, a farmer. 
Address, Harrisonville, Mo. 

John and William Duncan are not related. 

It is possible that some of the above addresses are in- 
correct. There appears to be some uncertainty about it. 

i — Lucy Jane Hughes, daughter of Little Berry 
Hughes, Jr., was born March 19, 1841, and died unmarried, 
Jan. 31, 1863. 

j — Holly Mangrum Hughes was born March 16, 1843, 
and died Sept. 23, 1844. 

And Connections. 51 

k — Xancy Green Hughes was born Aug. 20, 1845. She 
married Christopher Columbus Merriott. Address, Ver- 
sailles, Mo. Their children are 6 in number, as follows: 
1 — Theodosia Ann. 4 — John Little Berry. 

2 — James Madison. 5 — Bertha Lea. ) . 

3— Lucy Olivia. 6— Salina Elizabeth \ Twins - 

1 — Theodosia Ann Merriott married John Boyce, now 
engaged as a teacher in the State Reform School at 
Booneville, Mo. 

2 — James Madison married Flora Davis. He conducts 
a barbering establishment in Versailles, Mo. 

3 — Lucy Olivia Merriott married William Duncan. He 
is now dead. 

4 — John Little Berry married Hettie Arnold. Both 
are now dead. 

5 — Bertha Lea Merriott married Arthur Drumgold. 
He is a lumber dealer. Address, Versailles, Mo. 

6 — Salina Elizabeth Merriott married Edward Hulett. 
He is at present employed as bookkeeper at the Versailles 
Brick Plant. Address, Versailles, Mo. 

1 — Fielding Walker Hughes, son of Little Berry 
Hughes, Jr., was born Jan. 18, 1848, and died Oct. 22, 1852. 

m — Gedeliah Hughes was born April 8, 1852, and died 
Oct. 15, 1852. 

n — Madison Peter, the youngest child of Little Berry 
Hughes, Jr., was born in Morgan Co., Mo., Nov. 28, 1853. 
He married Emma Henderson. His address is Stover, 
Mo. They have no children except an adopted daughter, 
named Minnie Belle Hughes. She is unmarried. 

Madison Peter was only in his fifth year when his 
father died in 1858, and by the death of some of his older 
brothers, and the marriage and removal of others, he be- 
came the mainstay of his mother in her declining years. 
He has spent his entire life in Morgan Co., Mo., except 
five years — 1874 to 79 — spent in California. 

In 1881 he bought a farm 9 miles west of Versailles, 
the county-seat, and in 1902, the Rock Island Railroad Co. 
built a line from St. Louis to Kansas City. The road 

52 The Hughes Family 

crossed his land, and a depot was located in his field. He 
platted a town site, and went to selling town lots. Thus 
was started the thriving railroad village of Stover, and 
Madison Peter Hughes became its founder. 

This closes the sketch of Little Berry Hughes, Jr., 
and his descendants. 

5— Sarah Martin Hughes, a daughter of Little Berry 
Hughes, Sr., and his wife, Mary (Walker) Hughes, mar- 
ried William Allen. He was a brother of the Jane Allen 
that married Sarah Martin's brother, William Powell 

The information that I have been able to obtain in 
regard to this member of our family is meager in the 

It appears that at some time after their marriage, 
which was in Smith Co., Tenn., they went to Guntersville, 
Alabama, where, I suppose they spent the remainder of 
their lives. 

One of their daughters married a Mr. McFarlane, and 
after the Civil War that branch of the family moved to 
Missouri, and settled in Chilicothe, Livingston Co. 

Two of the daughters married farmers of that county, 
and another married a Professor McVeigh, who was for 
several years principal of the schools of Gallatin, Davis 
Co., Mo. Another daughter, Mollie McFarlane, went to 
California, and the family appears to be lost to their 

I regret to be compelled to dismiss this branch of our 
family with so cursory a notice. For the little information 
that I here give I am indebted wholly to my cousin, Mrs. 
Susan A. (Hughes) Helwig, of Trenton, Mo. 

6 — Mary Hughes, generally called Polly, a daughter 
of Little Berry Hughes, Sr., was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
March 25, 1812, and died near Berry's Lick, Butler Co., 
Ky., on Feb. 2, 1909, almost 97 years old. 

On October 22, 1829, she married John Hooker, a 
farmer and also a Baptist preacher. In 1848, they moved 
from Smith Co., Tenn., to Crittenden County, Ky., where 

And Connections. 53 

they remained till 1852, living a while near Marion, a 
while near Cookville, and a part of the time at Dycus- 
burg; and in December, 1852, moved to Butler Co., Ky., 
and settled near Berry's Lick, where Mr. Hooker died 
July 1, 1862, and where his widow continued to reside 
during the remainder of her life. 

There were born to this marriage 7 children, all 
daughters, as follows: 

1— Sarah Walker. 4— Susannah. 

2 — Elizabeth Sanders. 5 — Lucy Temperance. 

3— Mary Berry. 6— Miranda. 

7 — Samantha. 

1 Sarah Walker Hooker married George Henderson 
Orange in Crittenden Co., Ky., in 1852, and went immedi- 
ately to his home in Butler Co., Ky. He died many years 
ago. He was a farmer. The address of the family is 
Oakville, Logan Co., Ky. 

2— Elizabeth Sanders Hooker married Green Reduke 
Bobbett, a farmer by occupation. He is dead, and I have 
not the address of his family. 

3 Mary Berry Hooker married Calvin Curlee Bomar. 
He is dead. The address of the family, is Oakville, Logan 
Co., Ky. 

4— Susannah Hooker married Thomas Neal Bomar. 
He is dead. The family address is Sugar Grove, Butler 
Co., Ky. 

5— Lucy Temperance Hooker married William Good- 
win. His address is Sugar Grove, Butler Co., Ky. 

6— Miranda Hooker married Alfred Jackson Rush. He 
is a farmer. Address, Trammel, Allen Co., Ky. 

7 — Samantha Hooker is not married! Her address is 
Trammel, Allen Co., Ky. 


7 — John Walker Hughes, son of Little Berry Hughes, 
Sr., and his wife. Mary (Walker) Hughes, was born at 
the parental home, near New Middleton, Smith County, 
Tenn., Feb. 8, 1814, and died in Carthage, Smith Co., 
Tenn., Oct. 19, 1858. His remains were laid to rest in the 
family burying ground at his father's old homestead, then 
the home of Nathan Ward. 

He was born and spent his entire life in Smith Co., 
Tenn. He was a most excellent and upright man in all 
the relations of life. While young he became a member 
of the Baptist church, presumably at the Hickman church, 
of the congregation of which his older brother, William 
Powell Hughes, was long the able and eloquent pastor. 
When the doctrinal split over the question of predesti- 
nation came, resulting in the most violent commotion in 
the congregation, and its final separation into two denom- 
inational bodies, the Primitive or Hardshell, and the Mis- 
sionary Baptists, both William P. and John W. took the 
Missionary side of the dispute. John W. continued to 
be a faithful and useful member of that denomination to 
the hour of his death. 

He was a prominent man of affairs in his community. 
He served as Deputy Sheriff a number of years, and had 
been elected to the office of Sheriff of Smith County, and 
had just entered upon the duties of that office only a few 
months before his death. 

Early in life he suffered some financial reverses 
through no fault of his own. but he met his misfortunes 
with the same Christian and philosophical fortitude and 
moral courage that sustained and animated him amid all 
the trying vicissitudes of life. 


The Hughes Family 55 

He married Virginia Freeland Nov. 13, 1837. She 
died June 13, 1898. 

Of this union, there were born 11 children, of whom 
one died in infancy. The remaining 10 are now (1910) all 
living. They are as follows, in the order of their ages: 
a — James Little Berry, born June 16, 1839. 
b — Eliza Agnes, born Jan. 20, 1842. 
c — Henry Clay, born Nov. 14, 1843. 
d — Susan Elizabeth, born May 1. 1845. 
e — Isa Phene, born Nov. 10, 1847. 
f— Ophelia Alice, born Nov. 22, 1849. 
g— Mildred Mary, born Nov. 1, 1851. 
h— John Walker, born March 19, 1854. 
i — Virginia Mary, born June 20, 1856. 
j — Lucy Ward, born Aug. 29, 1858. 
a — The oldest child, James Little Berry Hughes, ad- 
dress, Lebanon, Tenn., R. F. D. 10, served in the Con- 
federate army, but was discharged on account of failing 
health. He was for a while engaged in mercantile busi- 
ness at Knobton, Tenn. He has been in bad health for 
a number of years. He married Mildred Agnes Hughes, 
a daughter of John Powell and Mary Hughes, Feb. 9, 1872. 
They are first cousins, their mothers being sisters. Their 
fathers were first cousins. Mildred Agnes was born July 
31, 1848. Their children are 5 in number, as follows: 

1 — Mary Bernice was born Aug. 21, 1873, and died 
Oct. 31, 1876. 

2 — Georgie Freeland Hughes was born Nov. 19, 1876, 
and died at a hospital in Nashville June 29, 1905. She 
was a press-feeder at the Methodist Publishing House in 

3 — Ernest Clay Hughes was born Sept. 21, 1878. 
4 — Mary Banks Hughes was born May 13, 1881. 
5— Oliver Clay Charles Hughes, born Feb. 12, 1884. 
3 — Ernest Clay Hughes superintends a crew of men 
on the T. C. railroad, address Monterey, Tenn. 

4 — Mary Banks Hughes is unmarried, and lives with 
her parents. 

56 The Hughes family 

5 — Oliver Clay Charles Hughes works on the rail- 
road with his brother, Ernest Clay. He is the youngest 
of the children of James Little Berry and Mildred Agnes 
Hughes. Address, Monterey, Tenn. 

b — Eliza Agnes, the second child and oldest daughter 
of John W. and Virginia Hughes, was attending school in 
Carthage at the time of her father's death in 1858. She 
became a teacher and taught for a long number of years. 
She rendered very material and substantial aid to her 
widowed mother, who was left, as will be seen, with a 
large family of children, some of them very small. She 
married James Henry Piper, a highly respected business 
man of Carthage, Tenn., July 13, 1868. Mr. Piper was a 
soldier in the Confederate army, and is now a farmer, 
living near Portland, Sumner Co., Tenn. They have no 

c — Henry Clay Hughes, son of John W. St., is unmar- 
ried, is a farmer, and lives with two of his sisters on the 
old paternal homestead near Rome, Tenn. Address, Leb- 
anon, Tenn., R. F. D. 10. 

d — Susan Elizabeth Hughes married James Banks 
Jones Jan. 18, 1860. He was born Jan. 7, 1833. He has 
been a very prosperous and successful man. He owns a 
good river farm on the south side of the Cumberland 
river, near Wright's Landing. He has given a great deal 
of attention to raising, buying and shipping tobacco dur- 
ing a large part of his life. Address, Lebanon, Tenn., 
R. F. D. 10. Their children are 7 in number as follows: 
1 — James Freeland, born May 1, 1867. 
2— William Ward, born Nov. 26, 1870. 
3— Nevada Lee, born March 26, 1873. 
4— Cornelia Agnes, born Aug. 29, 1875. 
5 — Susan Elizabeth, born March 7, 1877. 
6— Virginia Mary, born Sept. 1, 1880. 
7 — Thurman, born April 21, 1882. 

1 — James Freeland Jones is unmarried. He travels 
for a wholesale dry goods house in Nashville, Tenn. Ad- 
dress, With Spurlock-Neal & Co., Nashville, Tenn. 


And Connections. 57 

2— William Ward Jones married Fannie Chambers in 
the latter part of 1908. He lives in Dixon's Springs, Tenn., 
and deals in tobacco. 

3 — Nevada Lee Jones died unmarried just as she was 
reaching young womanhood. 

4 — Cornelia Agnes Jones married Xeal Beck about 
the year 1903, and was living near Corsicanna, Texas, 
when she died Jan. 10, 1909, and her remains were brought 
back and buried at Dixon's Springs, Tenn. 

5— Susan Elizabeth Jones married Arthur W. Gann 
Jan. 23, 1903. He was born Sept. 27, 1877. He holds the 
office of Deputy Sheriff. Address, Rome, Tenn. 
Their children are 3 in number, as follows: 

a — Nellie Catherine Gann, born Sept. 16, 1904. 
b — Elizabeth Lanora Gann, born Nov. 1, 1906. 
c — James Jones Gann, born May 18, 1909. 
6 — Virginia Mary Jones married Robert Archibald 
Norris Dec. 27, 1899. He was born May 25, 1876. He is 
the son of Captain Norris, a Confederate veteran, Sur- 
veyor and school teacher. They have 3 children, as fol- 

a— Roland Neal Norris, born July 23, 1901. 
b — William Cummings Norris, born Sept. 26, 1906. 
c — Sarah Susan Norris, born April 3, 1908. 
7 — Thurman Jones is unmarried, and a farmer. Ad- 
dress, probably Lebanon, Tenn. 

e — Isa Phene Hughes, daughter of John Walker 
Hughes, Sr., married William Austin, Feb. 1, 1877. Mr. 
Austin was born Sept. 7, 1847. Occupation, a banker. Ad- 
dress, Portland, Tenn. Their children are 3, as follows: 
1— William Clay, born May 3, 1879. 
2— Clara Maude, born April 12, 1878. 
3 — Leon Dickerson, born June 22, 1881. 
1 — William Clay Austin is engaged in the banking bus- 
iness in Portland, Tenn. He married Pattie Dora Cuzzart 
May 26, 1904. Their children are 2, as follows: 

a — Lois Maurine Austin, born Jan. 12, 1906. 
b— William Ward Austin, born Jan. 21, 1909. 

58 The Hughes Family 

2 — Clara Maude Austin married Simon Edward Elliott 
Dec. 17, 1905. Occupation, farmer. Address, Gallatin, 
Tenn. They have one child: 

Virginia Elizabeth Elliott, born April 1, 1907. 

3 — Leon Dickerson Austin is unmarried. He is a 
dealer in brick and other building material in Portland, 

f — Ophelia Alice Hughes, daughter of John W. Sr., 
married Misher Cunningham July 27, 1871. Mr. Cunning- 
ham was born June 15, 1844. He is a prosperous farmer, 
and owns a good and fertile river farm on the south side 
of the Cumberland river in Trousdale Co., Tenn. Address, 
Lebanon, Tenn., R. F. D. 11. Their children are 6, as 

1 — Herman Misher, born Sept. 14, 1874. 

2 — Sarah Virginia, born April 24. 1877. 

3— John Walker, born June 23. 1880. 

4— Ophelia Elizabeth, born Dec. 25, 1882. 

5 — Frank Clay, born Aug. 10, 1885. 

6— Othniel, born April 21. 1889. 

1 — Herman Misher Cunningham is unmarried. He is 
a live stock dealer. Address, Lebanon, Tenn.. R. F. D. 10. 

2 — Sarah Virginia Cunningham married "William Hick- 
erson Stanford May 31. 1903. He is a farmer, now a 
dealer in hardware, owns a good farm on the north side 
of the Cumberland river. Address, Hartsville, Tenn. No 

3 — John Walker Cunningham is unmarried. He is 
employed as a sales clerk in the large department store of 
Lebeck Bros., Nashville. Tennessee. 

4 — Ophelia Elizabeth Cunningham married Brice Odell 
Hall Sept. 12. 1906. Mr. Hall was born April 17, 1876. He 
is a farmer, but is now employed as a traveling collector 
for the Wrought Iron Range Co. Address, Hartsville, 
Tenn. The children born of this marriage are 2, as fol- 

a— Sarah Elloise Hall, born Oct. 25, 1907. 

And Connections. 59 

b— Virginia Elizabeth Hall, born June 2, 1909, and 

died May 9, 1910. 
c — Another child, a son, has been recently born, 
name not learned. 
5 — Frank Clay Cunningham is unmarried. He is em- 
ployed by the Red Fox Shoe Co., of Nashville, Tenn. 

6 — Othniel Cunningham is unmarried, and is attend- 
ing school at the Masonic Academy at Hartsville, Tenn., 
and is also taking a business course of instruction. He 
works on the farm during his vacations. 

g — Mildred Mary Hughes, daughter of John W. Sr., 
married William B. Martin Dec. 29, 1875. Mr. Martin 
was born Sept. 1, 1850. He is a tinner in Lebanon, and 
has a fine trade there. Their children are 7, as follows: 
1— John Wesley, born Oct. 1, 1876. 
2 & 3 — Minnie and Daisy, twins, born Oct. 3, 1878. 
4— Willie Myrtle, born Sept. 4, 1880. 
5 — James Hughes, born Aug. 1, 1887. 
6— Nellie Rue, born Dec. 26, 1889. 
7 — Virginia Freeland, born Oct. 27, 1891. 
1 — John Wesley Martin married Ada Belle Laine Sept. 
20, 1909. He is a tinner engaged with his father. They 
have one son, William, born July 16, 1910. 
2— Minnie Martin died Dec. 12, 1881. 
3— Daisy Martin died July 12, 1879. 
4— Willie Myrtle Martin married John T. Babb Sept. 
2, 1902. Occupation, engineer. Address, Lebanon, Tenn. 
Their children are 3 in number, as follows: 

a — John Wesley Babb, born October, 1904, and 

died Oct. 16, 1904. 
b— Billie Martin Babb, born April 7, 1906, and 

died April 18, 1909. 
c— Mildred Ann Babb, born March 30, 1908. 
5 — James Hughes Martin married Mary Kate Harley 
March 9, 1909. Occupation bookkeeper. Address, Leba- 
non, Tenn. One child, Mary Elizabeth, born Jan. 5, 1910. 
6 — Nellie Rue Martin, unmarried. 
7 — Virginia Freeland Martin, unmarried. 

60 The Hughes Family 

h — John Walker Hughes, Jr., son of John Walker, Sr , 
married Louvenia Ann Shipp, Oct. 13, 1887. She was born 
Oct. 4, 1867. John W. is engaged in the mercantile bus- 
iness at Cedar Bluff, Tenn. He also owns a good farm 
there. Their children are 4, as follows: 

1— Ethel Bernard, born Jan. 12, 1889. 
2— John Gillim, born Sept. 30, 1892. 
3— Hubie Walker, born June 11, 1895. 
4 — Julia Virginia, born June 17, 1902. 

These 4 are all unmarried. John Gillim is in business 
with his father. 

i — Virginia Mary Hughes is not married. She lives 
at the old paternal homestead near Rome, Tenn., and fol- 
lows teaching. 

j — Lucy Ward Hughes, youngest child of John Walker 
Hughes, Sr., is unmarried. She lives at the old home with 
her sister, Virginia Mary, and her brother, Henry Clay 
Hughes, — all unmarried. 

This closes the record of John Walker Hughes, Sr. 

8 — Gedeliah Hughes, son of Little Berry Hughes, Sr., 
and his wife, Mary (Walker) Hughes, was born in Smith 
Co., Tenn., Jan. 30, 1816. He was born on his father's 
farm, received a collegiate education, and on May 9, 1838, 
he married Jane Penn Walker, a daughter of Thomas 
Walker, in Muhlenberg Co., Ky. They were cousins 
twice removed or third cousins, Jane's father being a first 
cousin to Gedeliah's mother. 

Jane's mother was Mary Dillon, of Prince Edward 
County, Virginia, where she and Thomas Walker were 
united in marriage, and afterwards removed to Smith 
County, Tenn., where their daughter Jane was born Aug. 
10, 1820. 

In 1837, Thomas Walker moved to Muhlenberg Co., 
Ky. After the marriage of Gedeliah and Jane, they went 
to Smith Co., Tenn., and remained about six months, when 
they returned to Muhlenberg Co., Ky. 

In October, 1842, Thomas Walker and his family, to- 
gether with Gedeliah and Jane Hughes removed to Grundy 

And Connections. 61 

Co., Mo., then on the frontier. There Gedeliah Hughes, 
in the midst of a wilderness, went to work to contribute 
his part in building up a prosperous community; and 
faithfully he did his work, spending the last nineteen years 
of his life in transforming the wilderness into happy 
homes for the posterity of himself and others. He died 
on Dec. 19, 1861. His faithful wife survived him almost 
exactly 48 years, dying Dec. 24, 1909, in the 90th year of 
her age. 

There were born to this marriage 9 children, named in 
the order of their ages, as follows: 

a — Little Berry, died in early childhood. 

b — Mary Elizabeth, died while yet a child. 

c — Mary Jane, died while yet a child. 

d — Susan Araminta. 

e — Thomas Walker. 

f — James Cooper. 

g — Flavius Josephus, died in childhood in Grundy 

Co., Mo. 
h — Henry Judson. 

i — Lizzie Lea, died in Trenton, Mo., in the eighteenth 
year of her age. She never married. 

d — Susan Araminta Hughes, named for her father's 
youngest sister, married Jacob Helwig, a carpenter and 
contractor, on Feb. 20, 1868, in Grundy Co., Mo. Mr. 
Helwig was a native of Tuscarawas Co., Ohio. He spent 
his entire married life in Trenton or in Grundy Co., Mo. 
He died in Trenton June 2, 1902. His widow lives at Xo. 
707, Chandler street, Trenton, Missouri. Their children 
are 3 in number, named in the order of their ages, as 

1 — Francis Berry. 2 — Orrel Jane. 

3 — Katie Ernestine. 

1 — Francis Berry Helwig married Mary Byrd Cash, of 
Spickard, Mo. He is master carpenter on the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific railroad. His present headquarters 
are at Eldorado, Ark. 

62 The Hughes Family 

2 — Orrel Jane Helwig is not married, is a milliner, 
and resides with her mother. 

3— Katie Ernestine Helwig is not married. She is a 
teacher in the State Normal school at Maryville, Mo., but 
regards Trenton, Mo., as her home. 

e— Thomas Walker Hughes, a farmer, named for his 
grand-father Walker, married Helen L. Davis of Illinois. 
She died in Trenton in 1892. In 1906 he married Mrs. 
Almira Martin Bonta, a widow. His address is Trenton, 
Mo. There are no children of the second marriage. Of 
the first there are 2 children living. Named in the order 
of their ages, they are as follows: 

1 — Ollie. 2— Anna. 

1 — Ollie Hughes is not married, and has a situation 
as bookkeeper and stenographer in Kingman, Kansas. 

2 — Anna Hughes is not married, and has taken a home- 
stead claim in Montana, and is living on it, but her ad- 
dress has not been learned. 

f— James Cooper Hughes married Sarah Elizabeth 
Alexander, whose native home was near Zanesville, Ohio. 
His address is Trenton, Mo. His children are 2, as follows: 
1 — Judson Alexander. 2 — Thomas Yancy. 

1 — Judson Alexander Hughes is not married. He is 
employed as a druggist's clerk, and is studying pharmacy. 
Address, Trenton, Mo. 

2 Thomas Yancy Hughes is yet in his teens, is not 
married. He manifests a partiality for railroad work, is 
now a call boy. Address, Trenton, Mo. 

h— Henry Judson Hughes, the youngest living child 
of Gedeliah Hughes and his wife, Jane Penn (Walker) 
Hughes, was born in Grundy Co., Mo., Jan. 30, 1858. He 
now lives at Trenton, Mo. He is a real estate dealer, far- 
mer and breeder of thoroughbred stock. He married 
Alice Austin a daughter of James and Susan Austin, Dec 
30, 1879. To this marriage have been born 3 children, as 

1— Roy Ambler, born Nov. 5, 1880. 
2— Lela Austin, born Nov. 7, 1883. 

And Connections. 63 

3 — James Blaine, born April 8, 1891, and died 
Sept. 24, 1904. 

1 — Roy Ambler Hughes is not married. He is a gen- 
eral manager on his father's stock farm. 

2 — Lela Austin Hughes married Erie Dill Winslow, 
of Fort Worth, Texas. He is chief clerk to the Vice 
President and General Manager of the Chicago, Rock 
Island & Gulf Railroad. He is also Superintendent of 
Telegraph. They have one child, a son, named William 
Judson Winslow. 

The following succinct but very graphic sketch of 
Henry Judson Hughes is from a recently published ''His- 
tory of Grundy County." It is a literal copy of the ex- 
tract, as follows: 

"Henry Judson Hughes, son of Gedaliah and Jane P. 
(Walker) Hughes, was born in Grundy County, Missouri, 
Jan. 30, 1858. He now lives at Trenton. He was married 
Dec. 30, 1879, to Alice Austin, daughter of James and 
Susan Austin. They have two children: Roy Ambler, 
born Nov. 5, 1880, unmarried; Lela Austin, born Nov. 7, 
1883, now the wife of E. D. Winslow, of Fort Worth, 
Texas (she has one child, a son, William, born June 4, 
1909); James Blaine was born April 8, 1891, died Sept. 
24, 1904. 

"Mr. Hughes lived on a farm until he was ten years 
old. He came to Trenton with his mother; at the age 
of thirteen he began working in a grocery store. He after- 
wards clerked for eight years for W. C. Benson. He was 
in the general merchandise business for eight years under 
the firm name of H. J. Hughes & Co., and in 1891 he en- 
gaged in the Real Estate and Farm Loan business, in 
which he is still engaged. Mr. Hughes does a large land 
business and has been the cause of many farmers from 
Iowa and Illinois coming to Grundy County. Some years 
his business runs as high as $400,000. In addition to his 
Real Estate and Loan business, Mr. Hughes owns and 
operates a fine breeding farm three miles northwest of 
Trenton which is known as Hughesdale. He breeds the 

64 The Hughes Family 

Dual Purpose Shorthorn cattle, and Duroc Jersey hogs. 
This is the home of Rowena Second, the champion Dual 
Purpose cow at the St. Louis World's Fair. Hughesdale 
is now under the management of Roy A. Hughes. 

"In 1907 Governor Folk appointed Mr. Hughes one of 
the Regents of the Maryville Normal school for a term of 
six years. 

"Mr. Hughes is a Republican, a member of the First 
Baptist church, and was chairman of the building com- 
mittee when their present church was erected on Elm 
Street. He is a Mason and an Odd Fellow." 

The reader will note an error in the number of Mr. 
Hughes' children as stated in the above extract. It should 
be 3 children instead of 2. The names of the children are 
given correctly. 

9 — Susannah, the youngest child of Little Berry 
Hughes, Sr., and Mary (Walker) Hughes, married Henry 
Crawford Jones in Smith County, Tenn. She died early in 
life, leaving one child, a daughter, named Lucy Ann Jones, 
who died young and unmarried. After the death of Susan- 
nah, Mr. Jones, who was a most excellent man, married 
Winnie Duncan, a daughter of John Duncan, and moved 
to Butler Co., Ky., and settled near Berry's Lick. He died 
many years ago. 

This closes the sketch of Little Berry Hughes, Sr., 
and his 9 children. 



Mary Hughes. 

2 — Mary or Polly Hughes, daughter of Powell Hughes, 
and sister of Little Berry Hughes, St., married John 
Lankford in Prince Edward Co., Virginia; and about the 
year 1828, they moved to Smith County, Tenn., and later 
moved to Wilson Co., Tenn., and presumably by succes- 
sive moves, became separated from the family, and dis- 
appeared. So far as I have been able to learn, nothing 
has been heard from them in a generation. 

Edith Hughes. 

3— Edith Hughes, third child of Powell Hughes, as 
the reader has already learned, married her cousin John 
or Jack Hughes in Prince Edward County, Virginia. They 
moved to Smith County, Tenn., about the year 1828. They 
probably came in the same party with John Lankford. 
They remained in Smith County till about the year 1845, 
when they moved to Crittenden Co., Ky., and settled about 
6 or 8 miles west of Marion, the county-seat, where they 
both died between 1855 and 1860. The exact dates of their 
deaths have not been learned. They were both very old at 
the time of their deaths. 

Their children were 4 in number, as follows: 
a — Susan. c — Elizabeth, 

b — Nancy. d — Leander. 

The above is correct as to the number and names, but 
they may not be arranged exactly according to their re- 
spective ages. It is certain, however, that Susan was the 

a — Susan Hughes, more frequently called Suky, was 
born Jan. 11, 1804. She married Josiah Davidson in Prince 
Edward Co., Virginia, Dec. 31, 1824. Mr. Davidson was 


66 The Hughes Family 

born Aug. 24, 1802, and died in 1884 or '85. Susan died 
about 1895. They moved to Smith Co., Tenn., about 1828, 
and from Smith to Crittenden Co., Ky., about 1845, where 
the remainder of their lives was passed. Their children 
were 9 in number, as follows: 

1 — Elizabeth died young and unmarried. 

2 — John Henry, born in October, 1827. 

3— Nancy Powell, born Sept. 8, 1830. 

4 — Samuel Anderson, born in May, 1833. 

5 — Leroy, born in 1835. 

6 — Joseph Archibald, born in September, 1837. 

7 — Edith Jane, born in August, 1841. 

8 — Benjamin Franklin, born May 11, 1844. 

9 — William Brookshire, born in 1847. 

2 — John Henry Davidson married Sarah Jane Hughes, 
a daughter of Leander Hughes, Sr., about the year 1852. 
They both died in Crittenden Co., Ky., near the year 1900. 
They were cousins once removed. Their children were 4, 
as follows: 

a — Robert. c— Mattie. 

b — Carroll. d — Francis Marion. 

a — Robert Davidson went west in 1878. If he is mar- 
ried, the name of his wife is not known to me. 

b — Carroll Davidson died unmarried in the latter part 
of the 70's. 

c — Mattie married Lucien Larue, a son of W. Jefferson 

d — Francis Marion Davidson married Minnie Allen, a 
daughter of Eugene Allen. 

3 — Nancy Powell Davidson, daughter of Josiah and 
Susan Davidson, married Seth Wade Hughes, a carpen- 
ter and builder, a son of Leander Hughes, Sr. They are 
cousins once removed. Address, Harrisburg, Illinois. 
Their children will be given under the head of Seth Wade 

4 — Samuel Anderson Davidson married Sarah Riley. 
He is a farmer. Address, not known. I am not sure that 

And Connections. 67 

he is living. He served in the 48th Illinois Infantry in 
the Civil War. 

5 — Leroy Davidson, was a farmer. He served in the 
48th Illinois Infantry in the Civil War. He was twice 
married. His first wife was Jemima Threlkeld and his 
second was Paulina Franklin. He died about or a little 
prior to 1890. 

6 — Joseph Archibald Davidson married Lucy Franklin, 
a daughter of Anthony Franklin. He was a farmer, mer- 
chant and tobacco dealer. He died in February, 1909. 
His widow's address is Levias, Ky. Their children's 
names are not fully known. His oldest son, Grant, mar- 
ried Lola Pond. His oldest daughter, Elizabeth, married 
David W. Carter. His daughter Sallie married her cousin, 
Thomas Davidson, a son of Samuel A. Davidson. He had 
twin sons generally called Buckner and Terrell, but I 
do not know their full names. He had a daughter named 
Ida that I think married a Mr. Stevens. Another daughter 
married Gideon Taylor. 

7 — Edith Jane Davidson married Hale Franklin, a 
farmer, now retired, address, Marion, Ky. 

8 — Benjamin Franklin Davidson is a farmer and car- 
penter. He served in the 3rd Kentucky Cavalry from 
March, 1864, to the close of the war, was with Sherman's 
army all of that time. He has been twice married. He 
first married Edna Threlkeld. His second wife was Eliz- 
abeth W r ilson. His present address is Soldiers' Home, 
Danville, Illinois. 

9 — William Brookshire Davidson married Harriet Ali- 
son, a daughter of Berry Alison. I think his present ad- 
dress is Marion, Ky. 

Of the above named 9 children of Josiah and Susan 
(Hughes) Davidson, the following are known to be dead: 
Elizabeth, John Henry, Leroy, and Joseph Archibald. So 
far as the writer knows, the others are all living. 

b — Xancy Hughes, daughter of Jack and Edith Hughes, 
married Joseph Duncan, a farmer, in Smith County, Tenn. 

68 The Hughes Family 

They both died in Illinois many years ago. Their children 
were 3 in number, as follows: 

1— John. 2— Edith Powell. 

3 — Leander. 

1 — John Duncan enlisted in the 48th Illinois Infantry 
in the Civil War, and died at home on sick furlough, in 
Crittenden Co., Ky., only a few months after his enlist- 
ment. He never married. 

2 — Edith Powell married, but I do not know the name 
of her husband. They lived in Illinois. 

3 — Leander Duncan was twice married. He first mar- 
ried Mollie Beard in Crittenden Co., Ky. After her death, 
which occurred in Illinois, he married again, but I am not 
informed as to the name of his second wife. He died 
about the year 1880. 

c — Elizabeth Hughes, a daughter of Jack and Edith 
Hughes, married Richard Powell Hughes, a son of Lean- 
der Hughes, Sr., a farmer, in Smith County, Tenn. They 
were first cousins. She died in Crittenden Co., Ky., about 
1858 or '59. Their children will be given in the sketch 
of Richard Powell Hughes. 

d — Leander Hughes, son of Jack and Edith Hughes, 
never married. He enlisted for the Mexican War ,and 
died at Memphis, Tenn., while in the service. 

Leander Hughes, Sr. 

4 — My grand-father Leander Hughes, Sr., the fourth 
child of Powell Hughes, Sr., and his wife Elizabeth (Cole- 
man) Hughes, was born as has already been seen in 
Prince Edward County, Virginia. He moved to Smith 
County, Tennessee, in 1810, and settled on the Dry Fork 
of Mulherrin's Creek, just across the creek from his broth- 
er Little Berry Hughes, Sr., about one mile from New 
Middleton. The place is now the property and the home 
of Lafayette Bradford. 

There he spent the remainder of his life. He died in 
the latter part of the year 1836. He was a farmer all his 
life. He also built and operated a water mill on the little 

And Connections. 69 

creek. During his life he accumulated a comfortable 
competency, but was not rich. He owned, at the time 
of his death, two or three tracts of land, amounting to 
several hundred acres, was out of debt, and owned 4 
slaves, Uncle Bill, Aunt Grace, and two lusty boys, be- 
tween fifteen and twenty years old, named respectively 
Zack and Patrick. 

My grand-father was three times married. His first 
wife was Elizabeth Fretwell, whom he married in Prince 
Edward Co., Virginia. She died in Smith Co., Tenn., 
about the year 1815. He afterwards married Rebecca 
Bell. She died about 1827 or '28, and he soon afterwards 
married Martha Paris, a daughter of James Paris. 

The Hughes family has long been noted as a prolific 
one, but my grand-father broke all records with an even 
score of children, all of whom lived to be grown people, 
and 18 of them married and reared families. They were 
as follows: 

First wife: 

1 — Gideon. 5 — Julia. 

2 — Richard Powell. 6 — Caroline. 

3— Gillie. 7— Leander. 

4 — Philadelphia. 8 — Leonard Fretwell. 

Second wife: 
9 — John James — my father. 13 — Ira Bell. 
10— Little Berry. 14— Seth Wade. 

11— Elizabeth. 15— Foley Brookshire. 

12 — William. 16 — Thomas Henry. 

Third wife: 
17— Sarah Jane. 19 — Jesse Paris. 

18 — Nancy Ann. 20 — Susan Lea. 

After the death of my grand-father, his third wife 
married Reuben Baird, and there were born of this mar- 
riage 4 children, as follows: 

1 — Mary Elizabeth. 3 — Martha Frances. 

2 — Hannah Prowell. 4 — Reuben. 

Thus we see that the first wife was the mother of 8, 

70 The Hughes Family 

the second of 8, and the third was the mother of 4 Hughes, 
and 4 Baird children, which made her 8. 

Of the first wife's children the first 3 or 4 were born 
in Prince Edward Co., Virginia. All the others were born 
in Smith Co., Tenn. 

1 — Gideon Hughes married Elizabeth Paris, a daugh- 
ter of Obadiah Paris, Sr. Gideon was a farmer. He died 
in Smith County, Tenn., early in life, leaving 4 children, 
all sons, as follows: 

a — Jesse Powell. c — Leander. 

b — Obadiah. d — Lemuel Fretwell. 

a — Jesse Powell has spent his entire life in Smith Co., 
Tenn. He is now an old man, and long ago became pro- 
verbial for his scrupulous integrity. He is a farmer, but 
has been a produce dealer during a part of his life. He 
has lived for several years near Chestnut Mound, Tenn., 
which is his address. He has but 1 child, a daughter, 
named Nancy or Nannie, who married Samuel McKinney, 
a farmer. 

The address ot fhe whole family is Chestnut Mound, 

b — Obadiah Hughes was born in Smith Co., Tenn. 
When a young man he spent a year or two in Crittenden 
Co., Ky., returning to Smith County in September, 1851. 
He was then unmarried. Again in time of the Civil War, 
and after his marriage he lived a while in Crittenden Co. 
About the close of the Civil War he settled down on a 
farm on Hickman's Creek at the mouth of Pigg's branch, 
where he spent the remainder of his life. He died many 
years ago. A few years prior to the Civil War he mar- 
ried Lucy Jane Jeffreys. Their children were 4, as follows: 
1 — Andrew. 3 — William. 

2— Robert. 4— Bettie. 

1 — Andrew married a daughter of Daniel Agee, first 
name not known. 

2 — Robert first married a daughter of Samuel John- 
son, first name not known. She is dead, and Robert has 
married again; name of second wife not known. 

And Connections. 71 

3 — William died while a boy. 4 — Bettie is unmarried. 

c — Leander, third son of Giden and Elizabeth (Paris) 
Hughes, married Mary Pigg, a daughter of William and 
Martha (Duncan) Pigg, and in 1860, moved to Western 
Missouri, and nothing is known of his descendants. It is 
said that he died about 1890, and that his family, or a 
part of them, moved to Texas. 

d — Lemuel Fretwell Hughes, fourth and youngest 
child* of Gideon and Elizabeth (Paris) Hughes, was born 
in Smith Co., Tenn.. Jan. 13, 1834. On Sept. 2, 1852, he 
married Julia Ann Ashley, a daughter of William Ashley. 
He has always been a farmer. He remained in Smith Co., 
Tenn., till 1857, when he moved to Crittenden Co., Ky. 
He remained in the last named county till 1874, when 
he moved to Hopkins Co., Ky., where he still resides. His 
address is Manitou, Ky. His children are 5, as follows: 
1 — William Leander. 3 — John M. 

2 — James Obadiah. 4 — Elizabeth Green. 

5 — Candace Carline. 

1 — William Leander Hughes was born Oct. 29, 1853, 
has been twice married. His first wife was Fredonia 
Kirkwood. a daughter of James Kirkwood of Hopkins 
Co., Ky. She died, and he afterwards married Mrs. Dedie 
Mathews, a widow, whose first name was Jacobs. He has 
followed various pursuits, has been a farmer, a grocer's 
clerk, &c. His present address is Blodgett, Missouri. 
There have been no children of the second marriage. The 
first wife was the mother of 1 child, a daughter, named 
Willie, who. I think, is unmarried. 

2 — James Obadiah Hughes has been twice married. 
His first wife was Rebecca Alexander. His second was 
Henrietta Jones. His address is Taylor's Mines, Ky. 
There were no children of the first marriage. Of the 
second there are 8, as follows: 

a — Ada Elizabeth. e — William L. 

b — James Lemuel. f — Carrie Ann. 

c — Laura Bell. g — John M. 

d — Amanda Lee. h — Flora. 

72 The Hughes Family 

3 — John M. Hughes has been twice married. His 
first wife was Frances Paralee Melton. His second was 
Rachel Howard. His address has not been learned. There 
are no children of the second marriage. Of the first there 
are 2, as follows: 

a — James William. b — Minnie Bell. 

4 — Elizabeth Green Hughes married Franklin Pierce 
Lutz. He is dead. Elizabeth's address is Dawson Springs, 
Ky. She has 2 children, daughters, named: 

a — Matilda Palestine. b — Venerah. 

5 — Candace Carline Hughes was born in March, 1864, 

in Crittenden Co., Ky. In 1880 she married Charles 

Taylor Cox, a prosperous farmer in Hopkins Co., Ky. 

Address, Manitou, Ky. Their children are 3, as follows: 

a — Carl Lansin. b — Bertha Ann. 

c — Claude Ernest. 

a — Carl Lansin was born in 1883, and died unmarried 
in 1908. 

b — Bertha Ann was born in 1889. She married Charles 
Franklin Clark. Address, Manitou, Ky. 

c — Claude Ernest was born in 1893. 

2 — Richard Powell Hughes, second child of Leander 
and Elizabeth (Fretwell) Hughes, married his cousin Eliz- 
abeth, a daughter of Jack and Edith Hughes, in Smith Co., 
Tenn., a little prior to the year 1840. About 1845 he 
moved to Crittenden Co.. Ky., where Elizabeth died about 
the year 1858 or '59. In 1860 he married Sarah James, 
a sister of L. H. James, of Marion. Ky. He later moved 
to Illinois, where his second wife died, and he afterwards 
married a Mrs. Shoemaker, a widow. He was always a 
farmer. He died some time near the year 1880. There 
were no children of his second and third marriages. Of 
the first marriage there were 2 children, a son and a 

a — William Leander. b — Emma or Emily. 

a — William Leander served in Co. C, 3rd Ky., Cavalry, 
from December, 1861, to August, 1865, when he was dis- 


And Connections. 73 

charged at Louisville, Ky. The regiment was with Sher- 
man'? army during the last twelve months of the war, 
and was mustered for discharge at Lexington, North 
Carolina. He was a carpenter by trade. He married 
Eliza or Lizzie Brain in Saline Co., Ills., about the year 
1871. There he spent the remainder of his life. He died 
about 1890 or '91 from injuries received in a fall from a 
building on which he was at work. 

b — Emma was born a cripple, and died unmarried at 
the age of about 30. 

3 — Gillie, third child and oldest daughter of Leander 
Hughes, Sr., married James Gaulden Paris, a son of Oba- 
diah Paris. She and her husband spent their entire mar- 
ried lives on a farm on the head of Paris branch, scarcely 
a mile from Gillie's parental home. Her husband was a 
farmer, carpenter, cooper and wagon-maker, and a most 
excellent man. 

Their children were 9 in number, 2 sons and 7 daugh- 
ters, as follows: 

a — Elizabeth Fretwell. e — Lucy Powell, 

b — Judith Lea. f — Nancy Jane, 

c — James Americus. g — Gillie Frances. 

d — Martha Ann. h — Mary, 

i — William Marion. 

a — Elizabeth Fretwell Paris married Joseph Moss, a 
very successful farmer, whose address was Hickman, Tenn. 
Fretwell died in 1869. Joseph married again, but has now 
been dead many years. 

b — Judith Lea Paris married Philip Baker, a farmer. 
She died August 9, 1889, leaving no children. 

c — James Americus Paris married Martha Moore. He 
is a farmer. Address, Brush Creek, Tenn. 

d — Martha Ann married Bethel James, a son of Daniel 
James. They moved to Crittenden Co., Ky., about 1858. 
They moved back to Smith Co., Tenn., in the fall of 1867. 
Bethel sickened on the way, and died a few days after 
reaching his destination. Martha Ann died Aug. 14, 1886. 

74 The Hughes Family 

Their children were 1 son and 2 or 3 daughters. The 
son's name is William Daniel. He married Nancy Jane 
Paris, a daughter of John B. and Eliza Ann (Gass) Paris. 
They were second cousins. Nancy Jane is dead. William 
D. lives in Crittenden Co., Ky. I think his address is 
Mexico, Ky. 

Martha Ann James' oldest daughter is named Mary, 
and married William Baird, a farmer, a son of Jeremy 
Baird. Address, New Middleton, Tenn. 

e — Lucy Powell Paris married W T att Wilkerson, a far- 
mer. She died Oct. 3, 1879. She had survived her hus- 
band. She had no children. 

f — Nancy Jane Paris, generally called Nannie or Nan, 
married Diggs Thomas, a son of Solomon Thomas. They 
went to Crittenden Co., Ky., soon after their marriage, 
and she died a very short time afterwards. She had no 

g — Gillie Frances died unmarried at the paternal 
homestead July 19, 1901. 

h — Mary Paris married Simeon Jones, a farmer, car- 
penter and miller. He died several years ago. Mary now 
resides at Hickman, Tenn. Her children are 9, as follows: 
1 — Lucy Ellen. 5 — James Simeon. 

2 — Lue Etta. 6 — Mary Elizabeth. 

3 — Emma Frances. 7 — Sarah Allen. 

4 — Albert Sidney. 8 — William Charles. 

9 — Minnie Elsie. 

William Marion Paris married Green Johnson. He 
died October 9, 1894. 

The only surviving members of the above branch of 
the family are James Americus Paris and Mary Jones. 

4 — Philadelphia, a daughter of Leander Hughes, Sr., 
married Berry Coleman, a distant cousin. They married 
in Smith Co., Tenn., some time in the '30's. In 1852, they 
moved to Butler Co., Ky., where they spent the remainder 
of their lives. Philadelphia survived Berry many years, 
but the former has been dead nearly 40 years. 

Their children were 7, as follows: 

And Connections. 75 

a — Minerva. d — Leander. 

b — Mary Ann. e — Berry. 

c — Elizabeth. f — George. 

g — John, 
a — Minerva married Leonard Allison. Occupation, 
farmer. Address, Sunny Lane, Ky. 

b — Mary Ann married Luther Orange. Occupation, 
farmer. Address, Sunny Lane, Ky. 
c — Elizabeth died unmarried. 
d — Leander died unmarried, 
e — Berry married Jane Cossie. 
f — George married Mary Jane Belcher, 
g — John Coleman married Catharine Coleman, a first 

5 — Julia Hughes married James Paris' a son of James 
Paris, Sr., and a first cousin of the James Paris that mar- 
ried Gillie Hughes. Julia and James, early in life, moved 
to Crittenden Co., Ky., where they spent the remainder 
of their lives. Julia died during the 50's and James during, 
or soon after the Civil War. 

Their children were 4, two sons and two daughters, 
as follows: 

a — Archibald married twice. No children. 

b — Leonard married a Miss Smart. He was a 

c — Sarah married a Mr. Salyer. 
d — Martha married a Mr. Calvert. 

6 — Caroline Hughes married Jacob Gill, a farmer, car- 
penter, cooper and chair-maker. They married in Smith 
Co., Tenn., but very early in life, moved to Crittenden Co.. 
Ky. For many years after their migration the site of 
the present town of Marion, was an unbroken forest. 
They both died during the 80's. Their children were 7, 
as follows: 

a — Elizabeth. d — Francis Brown. 

b — Lucretia. e — John James. 

c — Jane. f — Martha Ann. 

g — William Leander. 

76 The Hughes Family 

a — Elizabeth married Rev. William Gregston, a Bap- 
tist preacher, well known for his force and eloquence in 
the pulpit. He died about 1898. Rev. Collin Hodge Greg- 
ston, whose address is, or recently was, Morganfield, Ky., 
is a son of Rev. William Gregston. 

b — Lucretia Gill was twice married. Her first hus- 
band was Samuel Ramsey. Her second was Vincent 
Brantley, a farmer. He survived Lucretia, but died early 
in the 70's. Lucretia died about 1864. He had married a 
second time. 

c — Jane Gill married Lankford Simpson, a farmer. 
Address, Marion. Ky. 

d — Francis Brown Gill married Mary Farley. He died 
about 1864. 

e — John James Gill married Martha Butler. 

f — Martha Ann was twice married. Her first husband 
was David Nelson. Her second was Daniel Brantley, a 
farmer, whose last known address was Dawson Springs, 

g — William Leander died during the Civil War. He 
was probably 15 years old. 


7 — Leander Hughes, Jr., a son of Leander Hughes, Sr., 
was born in Smith Co., Tenn. According to the most re- 
liable information obtainable, the date of his birth was 
June 10, 1812. He died Feb. 19, 1894. While young and 
unmarried he went fiom his native county and State to 
Crittenden Co., Ky. On June 12, 1841, he married Cath- 
arine Wilborn, who was born May 6, 1821, and died Jan. 
19, 1899. Leander's occupation was that of a carpenter 
mainly, but he spent his entire married life on a farm a 
little more than a mile east of Marion on the road leading 
to Providence, Ky. He had bought the farm before his 

The children of this marriage were 7, two 5ons and 
five daughters, as follows: 

a — William. d — Martha Ellen. 

b — Mary Catharine. t — Araminta. 

c — Leander. f— Maggie, 

g — Charlie (youngest daughter). 
a — William Hughes was born Sept. 6, 1843. He mar- 
ried Jane Ann Gilbert, daughter of Michael G. Gilbert, of 
Crittenden Co., Ky., May 8, 1867. She was born Feb. 2, 
1847, and died July 25, 1894. William has followed various 
pursuits. He owns a good farm near Marion, Ky. He 
has been a farmer, hotel keeper and tobacco handler. He 
is an excellent citizen, and a most companionable friend. 
His home at present is divided between Paducah and 
Marion, Ky. He has not married a second time. His 
children are 7, as follows: 

1 — Ena Martha. 4 — Charles Henry. 

2 — Annie. 5 — Fred Gilbert. 

3 — William Utley. 6— Carrie. 

7 — Curtis Gray. 


78 The Hughes Family 

1— Ena Martha Hughes was born March 27, 1869. She 
married William Robert Gibbs, a farmer. Address, Fre- 
donia, Ky. 

2 — Annie Hughes was born Nov. 14, 1872. She mar- 
ried Jesse William Hamby, a carpenter. Address Brown- 
wood, Texas. 

3 — William Utley Hughes was born Nov. 14, 1874. 
On March 24, 1904, he married Eva Nunn, daughter of Eli 
L. Nunn. She was born Aug. 22, 1873. His address is 
Marion, Ky., R. F. D. 4. 

4 — Charles Henry Hughes was born March 8, 1878. 
He is not married. Occupation, a plumber. Address, 
Hotel Parkinson, 217}^-21% Main St., Oklahoma City, 

5 — Fred Gilbert Hughes was born June 12, 1882. On 
Aug. 10, 1910, he married Miss Nell Cardwell at 28 W. 
Park Place, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He has been a 
locomotive engineer. He is now engaged as a mechanic 
in the manufacture of steam engines, gasoline engines, &c. 

6 — Carrie Hughes was born Aug. 8, 1884. She is un- 
married, and is engaged in the millinery business in Pa- 
ducah, Ky. 

7 — Curtis Gray Hughes was born Oct. 22, 1887. He is 
a bookkeeper at the wholesale hardware house of W. B. 
Belknap & Co., Louisville, Ky. Address, 618, South Sixth 
St., Louisville, Ky. He is not married. 

b — Mary Catharine Hughes, daughter of Leander 
Hughes, was born Sept. 6, 1845., and died in Dallas, Texas, 
March 18, 1910. On June 29, 1864, she married Thomas 
Lee Herndon Dickerson, who was born Aug. 24, 1838, and 
died in Dallas. Texas, Dec. 7, 1881. He was a son of 
Dr. Thomas Jefferson Dickerson, of Nashville, Tenn. 

Mr. Dickerson was a brick layer and contractor. About 
the year 1878, he moved from Crittenden Co., Ky., to 
r^allas, Texas, where he spent the remainder of his life. 
Their children are 8, as follows: 

And Connections. 79 

1 — Tamesia Catharine. 5 — Mary Ellen. 

2— Thomas Jefferson. 6 — Maggie. 

3 — Henry Clifton. 7 — Sallie. 

4 — Nora Lincoln. 8 — Marion Estelle. 

1 — Tamesia Catharine Dickerson was born at Marion, 
Kentucky, March 9, 1865. On October 27, 1906, she mar- 
ried Percy LeRoy Johnson, a painter. Address 529, Main 
St., Dallas, Texas. 

2 — Thomas Jefferson Dickerson was born Feb. 16, 
1867. He married Mabel Reece Aug. 27, 1891. Occupa- 
tion, stage comedian. 

3 — Henry Clifton Dickerson was born April 30, 1869. 
He married Mollie Adams Jan. 9, 1887. Profession, stage 

These two brothers stand high in their profession. 
They are in constant demand, and receive high salaries. 
Being constantly on the road, it is not easy to fix a def- 
inite address for them, but mail addressed to Dixon, Burk 
& Dixon, care of Xew York Clipper, Xew York City, will 
always reach them. 

4 — Xora Lincoln Dickerson was born at Marion, Ky., 
Sept. 8, 1871. She married Robert Lee Hardwick Oct. 26, 
1891. Occupation, a locomotive engineer. Address 916, 
Main St., Dallas, Texas. 

5 — Mary Ellen Dickerson was born at Marion, Ky., 
Dec. 29, 1873. She married Alvie Edward Brown Dec. 21, 
1902. Address Dallas, Texas, the same address as her 
sister Nora Lincoln. 

6 — Maggie Dickerson was born at Marion, Ky., April 
8, 1876. She married Pollard Ramsey March 4, 1893. Ad- 
dress not learned. 

7 — Sallie Dickerson was born July 30, 1878. She mar- 
ried Allen Howell July 3, 1896. He is a cattle dealer. Ad- 
dress 773, Elm St., Dallas, Texas. 

8 — Marion Estelle Dickerson was born Feb. 10, 1882, 
and died May 1st, 1882. 

c — Leander Hughes was born April 1, 1848. On April 
11, 1869, he married Fannie Dulcena Gilbert, a daughter of 

80 The Hughes Family 

Michael G. Gilbert. She was born Nov. 2, 1852. He is a 
farmer. About 1884 he moved from Crittenden Co., Ky., 
to Texas, and has resided in that State ever since. His 
present address is Stephensville, Texas, and I think that 
has been his address during all his residence in that State. 
He is a prosperous cotton farmer. The children are 6, 
as follows: 

1 — Mattie Ammer. 4 — Gordon. 

2— Kittie. 5— Lillie May. 

3— Mollie. 6 — Rosa Lee. 

1 — Mattie Ammer Hughes was born March 25, 1870, 
and died June 10, 1888. 

2— Kittie Hughes was born May 22, 1872. She mar- 
ried Joshua Saul White Dec. 22, 1897. Address Stephens- 
ville, Texas, R. F. D. 5. 

3— Mollie Hughes was born June 26, 1874. She mar- 
ried James Edgar Chenault Aug. 22, 1893. Address Ste- 
phensville, Texas, R. F. D. 2. 

4— Gordon Hughes was born Aug. 3, 1876. He is not 
married. Address, Camp Crook, Hardin Co., South Da- 

5— Lillie May Hughes was born Oct. 16, 1880. She 
married James Edgar Whitefield March 25, 1905. Ad- 
dress Stephensville, Texas, R. F. D. 5. 

6 — Rosa Lee Hughes was born Sept. 20, 1894. She is 
not married. 

d — Martha Ellen Hughes was born Sept. 8, 1850. On 
October 20, 1869, she married James William Bigham, a 
lawyer, who was born May 7, 1844. Mr. Bigham is a 
son of Harvey W. Bigham, who was the first County 
Court Clerk, and Circuit Court Clerk of Crittenden County, 
holding both offices at the same time, and James W. was 
the first white child born in Marion, the new county-seat. 
James' mother was Sarah J. Rice, a daughter of William 
Rice, and a cousin to Rev. Nathan L. Rice, D. D., the 
Presbyterian minister that engaged in the famous debate 
with Alexander Campbell. At that debate Henry Clay 




And Connections. 81 

Harvey W. Bigham and Sarah J. Rice married March 
28, 1832. Harvey W. was a son of James and Sarah F. 
Bigham, and was born July 25, 1806, and died Dec. 5, 1849, 
in Xew Orleans, La., from injuries received in the explo- 
sion of the Steamer Louisiana on which he was a passen- 
ger. His wife, Sarah J. Rice, was born June 22, 1818, and 
died June 16, 1846. 

James W. Bigham, as already stated, was at the time 
of his marriage with Martha Ellen Hughes, a lawyer, but 
soon afterward abandoned that profession for the pulpit, 
and for a quarter of a century or more was regarded as 
one of the ablest ministers of the M. E. Church, South, in 
Kentucky. His present address is Ocala, Florida. The 
children of this marriage have been 11, as follows: 

1 — Harvey Hughes. 6 — Emma Owen. 

2 — Lula Ellen. 7 — James Alexander. 

3— Harriet G. 8— Xina Belle. 

4 — Minta. 9 — James Messic. 

5 — Sarah Catharine. 10 — Pauline Eleanor. 

11 — Carrie Dennett. 

1 — Harvey Hughes Bigham was born Sept. 14, 1870, 
and died unmarried Sept. 17, 1897. 

2 — Lula Ellen Bigham was born July 3, 1872, and died 
July 31, 1877. 

3 — Harriet G. Bigham was born May 8, 1874. She 
married a man named Hester. I regret that I have not 
been able to obtain any further facts concerning Mr. 

4 — Minta Bigham was born April 6, 1876, and died 
Sept. 8, 1877. 

5 — Sarah Catharine Bigham was born July 1, 1878, 
and died Sept. 11, 1897. 

6 — Emma Owen Bigham was born Dec. 17, 1880, and 
died August, 1901. 

7 — James Alexander Bigham was born Dec. 15, 1883, 
and died July 18, 1884. 

8 — Nina Belle Bigham was born June 6, 1886. She 
married Glenn B. Skipper, who is assistant Postmaster 

82 The Hughes Family 

at Bartow, Florida. His father E. E. Skipper is Post- 
master at that place, and is a wealthy land and cattle 
owner, and very prominent in the affairs of the State. 

9 — James Messic Bigham was born Oct. 20, 1887. 

10 — Pauline Eleanor Bigham was born May 27, 1889. 

11 — Carrie Dennett Bigham was born Jan. 31, 1892. 

For the three last I have received no information be- 
yond that given above. 

e — Araminta or Mintie Hughes, a beautiful, bright 
and exemplary girl, died unmarried in 1875, at about the 
age of 22. 

f— Maggie Hughes was born May 1, 1858. She mar- 
ried John Smith James, a son of Berry James, and a 
grand-son of Daniel James, on Dec. 16, 1877. John 
Smith's mother was a Miss Hoggard. He was born Nov. 
20, 1858. Maggie died May 1, 1905. 

Since the death of Maggie, Mr. James has made his 
home mainly with his oldest daughter. He has been a 
saw mill man pretty much all his life, and a most exem- 
plary citizen. His children are 3, all daughters, as follows: 
1— Lela. 2— Ruby. 3— Pearle. 

1 — Lela James was born Oct. 15, 1881. She married 
Albert M. Henry Jan. 11, 1904. Mr. Henry is engaged 
in the marble cutting and fluor spar business. Address 
Marion, Kentucky. 

2 — Ruby James was born Nov. 13, 1886. She is not 
married, and lives with her sister Lela. 

3— Pearle James was born March 31, 1889. On July 
31, 1910, she married Harry Boyd Joiner, who travels for 
the Chicago Portrait Company, in which he is a stock- 
holder. His home address is Chicago, Illinois. 

g — Charlie Hughes, youngest child of Leander and 
Catharine Hughes, was born Feb. 17, 1864. On Oct. 25, 
1882, she married George Sylvester Sherrill, who was born 
Aug. 8. 1860. They married in Crittenden Co., Ky., but 
some two years later went to Texas, and settled near 
Stephensville, Erath County, where he has ever since 
been engaged in farming, and has prospered well. Ad- 

And Connections. 83 

dress Stephensville, Texas, R. F. D. 5. Their children 
are 7, as follows: 

1 — Ethel Lee. 4 — Roscoe Hayden. 

2 — Minta Ellen. 5 — Harvey Bigham. 

3 — Jessie. 6 — Henry Clifton. 

7— Charley Waldo. 

1 — Ethel Lee Shernll was born Aug. 12, 1883, and died 
April 17, 1905. She was not married. 

2— Minta Ellen Sherrill was born Feb. 28, 1885. She 
married Edgar Goodman Oct. 8, 1903. He died June 19, 
1905. Minta Ellen died Jan. 28, 1907. 

3 — Jessie Sherrill was born Jan. 15, 1887. She married 
David Edgar Alexander Feb. 18, 1905. Occupation, far- 
mer. Address, Dublin, Texas, R. F. D. 6. 

4 — Roscoe Hayden Sherrill was born Feb. 8, 1889. On 
August 23, 1908, he married Annie Bell Hendrix, who was 
born June 18, 1886. Roscoe's occupation is a farmer. Ad- 
dress, Krum, Denton Co., Texas. 

5 — Harvey Bigham Sherrill was born Dec. 5, 1891. 

6 — Henry Clifton Sherrill was born May 30, 1893. 

7— Charley Waldo Sherrill was born July 20, 1897. 

8 — Leonard Fretwell Hughes was the youngest child 
of Leander Hughes, Sr., and his first wife, Elizabeth (Fret- 
well) Hughes. Unfortunately I have been unable to ob- 
tain the date of his birth, but it is safe to assume that he 
was born in 1814 or '15. He was born in Smith County, 
Tennessee. He was twice married. His first wife was 
Lucy Paris, a daughter of Obadiah Paris, Sr., whom he 
married in Smith Co., Tennessee, about 1841. She died 
in Crittenden County, Ky., in 1851 or '52. A year or so 
after the death of his first wife he married Mary Jane 
McClusky in Crittenden Co., Ky. Both he and his second 
wife died in the fall of 1887. He was always a farmer, 
frugal, honest and prosperous. His children that sur- 
vived the age of early childhood were 6, as follows: 

First wife: 

a — Judith Lea. b — John James. c — Elizabeth, 
d — William Leonard. e — Hezekiah. 

84 The Hughes Family 

Second wife: f — Susan Jane. 

a — Judith Lea died just as she was reaching the age 
of young womanhood. 

b — John James Hughes has always been a farmer. He 
has been married four times. His first wife was Martha 
Ann Dejarnatt, a daughter of James F. and Susan De- 
jarnatt, whom he married in 1865. He married his second 
wife in 1872. She was his cousin, Fannie Allison, a daugh- 
ter of Moses and Elizabeth (Hughes) Allison. His third 
wife was Josephine Dollins; and his fourth was Mrs. Har- 
riet Paris, widow of Obadiah (Dick) Paris, and a daughter 
of Byrd Clark, and a sister of Rev. James Riley Clark. She 
survives. His address is Marion, Ky. He is a prosper- 
ous and most exemplary citizen. There have been no 
children born of the last two marriages. Of the two first 
they are 6, as follows: 

First wife: 
1 — James Albert. 2 — William Harvey. 

Second wife: 
3 — John Henry. 5 — Lonnie Melvin. 

4 — Robert Hatten. 6 — Charles Leonard. 

1 — James Albert Hughes married Alice Harrington. 
He was a farmer, has been dead several years. 

2 — William Harvey Hughes married Rosella Wilson, a 
daughter of Joseph T. and Martha (Paris) Wilson. Pres- 
ent address, Stranton, Colorado. 

3 — John Henry Hughes married Linnie Ashley. Occu- 
pation, a farmer and painter. Address Marion, Ky. 

4 — Robert Hatten Hughes married Lula Rushing. Oc- 
cupation, farmer and teamster. Address, Marion, Ky. 

5 — Lonnie Melvin Hughes married Amanda Clark, a 
daughter of Lemuel Clark. Occupation, a farmer. Ad- 
dress. Marion, Ky. 

6 — Charles Leonard Hughes married Maud Crayne. 
Occupation, a farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

c — Elizabeth Hughes married James Carrick Mayes, a 
son of Alexander Mayes. He was a carpenter. Elizabeth 
died about 1877 or 78. James died several years ago. 

And Connections. 85 

The children of this marriage were 4: 

1 — William Leonard. 3 — Lucy Jane. 

2 — James Henry(Dick). 4 — Nannie Judith Lea. 

1 — William Leonard Mayes married Elizabeth Brad- 
ley, a daughter of James Bradley. William was a carpen- 
ter, a very industrious and exemplary young man. He died 
early in life. He married and spent his entire married 
life in Crittenden Co.. Ky. 

2 — James Henry (Dick) Mayes married Mary Ellen 
Hughes, a daughter of William Leonard and Letitia 
(Hunt) Hughes. They are cousins. James Henry is a 
farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

3 — Lucy Jane Mayes married Cas Logan Fralick. Ad- 
dress, Marion, Ky. 

4 — Xannie Judith Lea Mayes married Hosea Clifton 
Paris. Occupation, a farmer. Address. Marion, Ky. 

d — William Leonard Hughes married Letitia Hunt, a 
daughter of John (Jack) Hunt and his wife Polly (Paris) 
Hunt. William Leonard is a very successful, well-to-do 
farmer, living on a good farm about two miles north- 
east of Marion, Ky.. which is his P. O. address. The chil- 
dren of this marriage are 6, as follows: 

1— William Henry. 4— Lucy Jane. 

2— Mary Ellen. 5— John Wyatt. 

3— Martha Frances. 6 — Effie Perry. 

1 — William Henry Hughes married Martha Ellen 
Paris, a daughter of W. F. and Pauline (Crayne) Paris. 
He is a farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

2 — Mary Ellen Hughes married James Henry Mayes, 
a well-to-do farmer, whose address is Marion, Ky. 

3 — Martha Frances Hughes married John Moore Ba- 
ker, a son of A. J. Baker and Mahala (Moore) Baker, a 
successful farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

4 — Lucy Jane Hughes married Josiah Johnson Hunt, 
a farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

5— John Wyatt Hughes. 

6 — Effie Perry Hughes. 

86 The Hughes Family 

If either of the two last is married I am not advised 
of the fact. 

e — Hezekiah Hughes married Mary Elizabeth Baker, 
a daughter of Andrew Jackson and Mahala (Moore) 
Baker. He is a very successful farmer, an earnest and 
useful member of the Baptist church, a most estimable 
citizen. His address is Marion, Ky. The children of this 
marriage are 7, as follows: 

1 — Lucy Minerva. 4 — Ida May. 

2 — Albert Xewton. 5 — Clarence Edward. 

3 — Alfred Lexa. 6 — John Elliot. 

7 — Homer Yandell. 

1 — Lucy Minerva (Minnie) Hughes married Newton 
Walker Paris, a son of Louis H. and Sallie (Walker) 
Paris. He was a farmer and teacher. He was for several 
years employed in the U. S. Internal Revenue service as 
Storekeeper-Gauger. He was born May 14, 1870, and died 
in Louisville, Ky., Jan. 22. 1909. He was a member of 
the Crescent Hill Baptist church, Louisville, at the time 
of his death. He had been ordained or liberated to 
preach, but had not entered actively into the ministry. 
He was a very excellent man. His widow's address is 
Oneid, Ky. 

2 — Albert Xewton Hughes married Millie Gant. He 
is somewhere in the Northwest. Address not known. 

3 — Alfred Lexa is married, but the name of his wife 
is not known except that her first name is Mary. Address 

4 — Ida May Hughes married Francis Martin Hill, a 
son of Robert Hill, a farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

5 — Clarence Edward Hughes is married, but I am not 
advised as to his wife's name except that her first name 
is Bertie. Address not known. 

6 — John Elliot Hughes not married. 

7 — Homer Yandell Hughes not married. 

f — Susan Jane, youngest child of Leonard F. and 
Mary Jane (McClusky) Hughes, married Henry Sylvester 
Wheeler, a son of Clark and Caroline (Ragsdale) Wheeler. 

And Connections. 87 

Henry is a farmer and carpenter, and a member of the 
Presbyterian church, in which he is an active worker. He 
owns good property near the eastern limits of Marion, 
Ky., which is his address. Their children are 7, as follows: 
1 — Nona. 4 — Myrtle. 

2 — Nannie. 5 — Nellie. 

3 — Charles Henry. 6 — Mina. 

7— Walter Price. 

1 — Nona Wheeler has married twice. Her first hus- 
band was Charles Morgan. Her second and present hus- 
band is Thomas Lamb. Address, Marion. Ky. 

2 — Nannie Wheeler married Alonzo Agee, a farmer. 
Address, Seldon, Kansas. 

3 — Charles Henry Wheeler married Alice Gardenhire 
of Carthage, Tenn. Her father is a lawyer, but I can not 
give his first name. Charles' occupation is telephone man- 
ager. His present or last known address is Cynthiana, Ky. 

4 — Myrtle Wheeler married Luther Calvin Gass, a 
farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

5 — Nellie Wheeler married Robert Agee, a farmer. 
Address, Marion, Ky. 

6 — Mina Wheeler has married twice. Her first hus- 
band was Claude Cruce. a son of George Cruce and a 
grand-son of Ewell Cruce. Claude and Mina, after their 
marriage, went to Kansas, where Claude shortly after- 
wards died. Mina returned to Marion, Ky. Since her 
return she has married Alvin Hill Allen, a son of Ben. I. 
Allen. Address, Marion, Ky. 

7 — Walter Price Wheeler is unmarried and still in 


9 — John James Hughes, the writer's father, oldest son 
of Leander Hughes, St., and his second wife, Rebecca 
(Bell) Hughes, was born at the parental home in Smith 
Co., Tenn., June 15, 1817. He died at his home about one 
mile south of Marion, Ky., on the Princeton road, on the 
night of March 10, 1901, lacking from that date to June 15 
of being 84 years old. On Feb. 23, 1843, he married Susan 
or Susannah Gass, a daughter of Joseph and Nancy (Boze) 
Gass. in Smith Co., Tenn. She was born in Smith Co., 
Tenn., Sept. 9, 1822. Father was a farmer, carpenter, mill- 
wright and miller and for a short time a merchant. The 
carpenter's trade was his specialty. 

At the time of their marriage my parents settled on a 
farm on what is known as Paris Branch, father having 
purchased the farm from his brother, Richard Powell 
Hughes. In 1848, he sold this place, and moved across the 
Caney Fork, and built a house on the farm of his father- 
in-law, to be used as a country store, and in that house he 
sold goods, mainly groceries, and at the same time ran a 
farm, and, also, a ferry across Caney Fork, from Novem- 
ber, 1849, to March, 1851, when he sold out his stock of 
goods at public auction, and moved to Crittenden Co., 
Ky. He rented a small two-story log house with a clear- 
ing of two acres entirely surrounded by woods on all sides. 
The place was about one-half mile east of Marion on the 
Providence road. It is now in the suburbs of Marion. 
The place then belonged to John Swansey. The house 
completely disappeared more than 50 years ago. 

The family remained there till the following Septem- 
ber (1851) when both my parents became dissatisfied and 
moved back to Smith Co., Tenn., and my father bought 
a small farm, cut off from my grand-father Gass' posses- 





The Hughes Family 89 

sions, the part so purchased including the store-house in 
which father had sold goods a short time before, and 
which he fitted up for a residence. Here he remained, 
working the little farm and conducting the ferry, and 
plying his trade as a carpenter, all with the help of a 
hired man, till the fall of 1852, when he bought from his 
nephew, Americus Paris, a half interest in the water mill, 
at that time generally known as Baker's mill, George 
Baker being the owner of the other half-interest, which 
my father bought a year or so later. The entire purchase 
included about 18 acres of land. In March, 1856, the mill 
was swept away in a freshet. It was the third or fourth 
mill that had been washed away from that site. Father 
rebuilt, giving the new building a solid stone foundation. 
This mill stood for about 50 years. It was on Mulherrin's 
Creek about one mile above its mouth. In 1860, my 
father sold his mill and small tract of land to John and 
Robert Webb, and in March of that year, moved again to 
Crittenden Co., Ky., and bought a farm of 150 acres from 
Jesse Baird, and settled upon it. In 1865 he bought an 
adjoining farm of about the same area from the widow 
Amy Collins. These two farms lie about two miles south- 
east of Marion, on the old Princeton, or Piney Fork road. 
This property has been cut up into several tracts and is 
owned by different parties, my brother, Winfield Scott 
Hughes, owning and occupying the part that includes 
the buildings where my father first settled. 

In 1873, my father, together with his son Ira and son- 
in-law Thos. N. James, bought a farm of about 200 acres 
from Rev. Isaac McMurry, on the Princeton road about 
1 T 4 miles south from the court-house at Marion. Father 
afterwards bought out the other two interests. 

On that farm my parents spent the remainder of their 
lives. My Mother died there on Sunday, July 16, 1899, 
and father on the night of Sunday, March 10, 1901. The 
farm now belongs to A. J. Baker. 

Their children were 11, as follows: 

y Twins 

90 The Hughes Family 

a — William Joseph Leander.f — James Bridges, 
b — Isaac Goodall. g — Samuel Bridgewater 

c — Ira Campbell. h — Xancy Bell, 

d— Win field Scott. i— John McLaren. 

e — Hardy Boze. j — George Warren Sumpter. 

k — Ulyses Grant. 

a — William Joseph Leander Hughes was born in 
Smith Co., Tenn., March 23, 1844. As this is my own 
sketch I shall write in the first person. 

In March, 1860, my father moved to Crittenden Co., 
Ky., and of course, took me with him. On March 23, 1864, 
my 20th birthday, I enlisted in Louisville, Ky., in Co. "C," 
3rd Ky. Veteran Volunteer Cavalry, and was with Sher- 
man's army to the close of the war. I was mustered for 
discharge at Lexington, Xorth Carolina. July 15, 1865, 
and returned to Louisville, Ky., via Fortress Monroe and 
Baltimore, and was discharged at Louisville. Aug. 2, 1865, 
and returned home immediately. 

During the two following years I worked on my 
father's farm, teaching three months in the fall of each 

During the years 1868 and '69. I attended school at 
the Masonic Academy at Xew Middleton, Tenn. I re- 
turned home in January. 1870. and during that year and 
1871, I again worked on my father's farm, teaching in the 
fall. The public school term had by this time been ex- 
tended to five months. On May 8. 1872. I married Malinda 
Ann Rice, a daughter of Watson Buchanan Rice and his 
wife. Susan (Wheeler) Rice. Watson B. Rice was a son 
of Patrick Henry Rice, who was either a first or second 
cousin to Rev. Xathan L. Rice. D. D., the Presbyterian 
divine that engaged in the memorable doctrinal debate 
with Dr. Alexander Campbell in the old Main Street 
Christian Church in Lexington, Ky., in 1837. Henry 
Clay presided as Moderator at that debate. 

Patrick Henry Rice's children appear to have been 4, 
as follows: 

1 — Eliza B., born Sept. 26, 1809, and died unmarried. 

And Connections. 91 

2 — Thurza E. Rice, birth date not known, died unmar- 

3 — Watson Buchanan Rice, born Feb. 9, 1814. Died 
in 1851. 

4 — Amelia Russell Rice, born Feb. 8. 1816, and died 
May 31, 1885. 

4 — Amelia R. Rice married Eleazer Turner William- 
son, who was born July 13, 1817. They married Aug. 27, 
1839. Mr. Williamson lived in Kentucky till about 1852, 
when he moved to Hillsboro, Ills., where he remained till 
1873. He then went to Iowa, and remained ten years, 
thence to Beadle Co., South Dakota, and after a residence 
there of 5 years, he went to Nebraska, where he died 
April 2. 1896. 

The children of this marriage were as follows: 

1— John H., born May 23, 1840, died Nov. 20, 1857. 

2— Samuel F., born Jan. 20, 1842, died June 19, 1908. 

3— Andrew M.. born Oct. 6, 1843, died April 14, 1908. 

4— Joseph F., born March 13. 1845. died April 20, 1855. 

5 — James H., born Dec. 24. 1846. Address, Shenan- 
doah, Iowa. 

6— Mary E., born April 15, 1849, died Jan. 6. 1854. 

7 — Watson Rice Williamson, born June 14, 1851. Ad- 
dress, West Union, Iowa. 

Now, to return to Watson B. and Susan (Wheeler) 
Rice. I regret that I have not been able to obtain the 
name of Susan Wheeler's parents. She had a sister Jane 
Wheeler, that married Thomas Hughes, not related to us, 
who lived on a fine farm about 4 miles from Fredonia on 
the road to Princeton, Ky. I think the farm is still the 
property of his sons James and Frank. Mrs. Rice had a 
brother, Earl Wheeler, that went into the Confederate 
arm}-, and nothing definite is known of his fate. He never 
married. She had another brother, whose first name I 
do not know. He had a son, Thomas Wheeler, that mar- 
ried a Miss Crouch, near Dycusburg, Ky. I think Mrs. 
Rice's mother was a Cruce. 

The children of Watson B. and Susan Rice, that 

92 The Hughes Family 

survived the age of earl)- childhood, were 5, as follows: 
1 — Mary Jane. 3 — Malinda Ann. 

2 — Patrick Henry. 4 — John Earle. 

5 — Susan. 

1 — Mary Jane Rice was born March 24, 1837, and died 
March 20, 1898. She married Willis Smith Dollins Nov. 
28, 1855. Mr. Dollins was born June 17, 1832, and died in 
Crittenden Co., Ky., in March, 1871, while preparing to 
move to Texas. He was an industrious and successful 
farmer. The children of this marriage were 5, as follows: 
a — Isabel. c — Charles, 

b — Thomas Willis. d — Nellie, 

e — Robert Earl, 
a — Isabel, always called Bell, died unmarried at the 
age of about 22. 

b — Thomas Willis Dollins is unmarried. At latest 
advices he was somewhere in the State of Washington. 

c — Charles died unmarried just after reaching the age 
of manhood. 

d — Xellie is not married. Address, Marion, Ky. 
e — Robert Earl Dollins was born March 1, 1869. On 
Feb. 15, 1888, he married Laura Ann Wilson, who was 
born Nov. 26, 1866. She is a daughter of Robert Lysan- 
der Wilson, who was born April 13. 1836. Her mother 
was George Ann Travis, a daughter of Daniel Travis, and 
was born Aug. 1. 1846. Robert Lysander Wilson and his 
wife George Ann married Jan. 11, 1866. George Ann's 
father. Daniel Travis, was born Aug. 13, 1810. Robert L. 
Wilson's father was Francis Travis Wilson, born Feb. 19, 
1803. Robert E. and George Ann Dollins have 8 children, 
as follow - 

1— Xonie, born Aug. 15, 1891. 

2 — Willis Lysander, born Jan. 26, 1896. 

3— Fred, born April 8. 1897. 

4 & 5 — Ina and Ima. twins, born May 17, 1900. 

6— Ruth, born March 15. 1903. died Oct. 21, 1904. 

7— Robert Fulton, born March 12. 1906. 

8— George Ann, born Oct. 31, 1908. 

And Connections. 93 

2 — Patrick Henry Rice married Sarah McCarty in 
1865. He was a farmer. He died in March, 1870, leaving 
2 children, as follows: 

a — William Watson, b — Mary Jane. 

a — William Watson Rice wa> born Sept. 16, 1866. He 
married Mr.-,. Maggie Henson, widow of Samuel Henson, 
and a daughter of William H. Cardin. She was born March 

11, 1863. There was a daughter of her first marriage, 
named Emma Pearl Henson, that married William Thom- 
as James, a nephew of the writer. The children of William 
Watson Rice and hi .^ wife, Maggie, are as follows: 

1— Margaret, born Sept. 9, 1891. 

2— Mary Alice, born in 1892, and died Jan. 29, 1896. 

3— William Henry, born Sept. 21, 1894. 

4— Ollie James, born Sept. 8. 1896. 

5 — William Crawford, born June 14, 1899. 

6 — Sarah Catharine, born Aug. 2, 1902. 

7— Allen Daughtry, born Aug. 1, 1902. 

The above record contains all the names sent me by 
W. W. Rice; but it appears to me that there is one more 

b — Mary Jane Rice was born Jan. 11. 1868. On June 

12, 1898, she married William Cooper Robinson in Pa- 
ducah, Ky. Mr. Robinson was born Nov. 23, 1870. His 
paternal grand-father was named Michael Robinson, and 
was born in Tennessee. His wife was Lucinda Lowery. 
His son, Daniel Tucker Robinson, was born in Sumner 
Co., Tenn., Jan. 7. 1842. The last named was the father 
of William Cooper Robinson, the subject of this sketch. 
William Cooper's mother was Anna Valeria Hammons, a 
daughter of Cooper Bennett Hammons, who was born in 
Georgia April 1, 1814. Anna V. married Daniel T. Rob- 
inson Dec. 31, 1868, in Saline Co., Ills. Their children 
were 7, as follows: 

1 — Cordia Lary, born Oct. 29, 1869. in Carmi, Ills. 
2 — William Cooper, born Nov. 23. 1870. in Gallatin Co., 

3 — Allan Floyd, born July 31, 1872, in Gallatin Co., Ills. 

94 'i ne Hughes Family 

4 — Maggie May, born Aug. 26, 1875, in Hamilton Co., 
Ills., and died Jan. 25, 1896. 

5 — Mary Ellen, born Feb. 24, 1878, in Hamilton Co., 
Ills, died May 30, 1902. 

6— Eva Ann, born Oct. 10, 1879, in Dahlgreen, Ills. 

7 — Henry Arthur, born June 18, 1883, in Jefferson Co., 
Ills. Died May 30, 1900. 

William Cooper Robinson and his wife, Mary Jane, 
always called Jennie, reside at Nashville, Tenn., address 
R. F. D. 7, Station B. Mr. Robinson is in the employ of 
the T. C. railroad. They have 1 child, a son, named Floyd 
Arthur Robinson, born at Franklin. Ky.. March 21, 1899. 

3 — Malinda Ann Rice, was born Nov. 14, 1844, and died 
in Marion, Ky , Nov. 30, 1880. As already stated she be- 
came my wife May 8. 1872. Her only child will be men- 
tioned later. 

4 — John Earl Rice died unmarried in Marion, Ky., in 
August, 1879. 

5 — Susan Rice died unmarried in December, 1867. 

After my marriage in 1872. I settled down on a tract 
of land that I had purchased in the woods with a small 
clearing and a log cabin on it. and went to work, and 
pretty laborious work it was, to transform that piece of 
wilderness into a home. The place is now the property 
and home of Obadiah Hunt. After one year, the Sheriff 
of the county. James H. Cameron, offered to appoint me 
as his deputy on condition that I would assume the entire 
duties of the office. I accepted. That was in April. 1873. 
In June, 1874. the Sheriff resigned. I meantime, at the 
solicitation of my friends, had become a candidate for 
the office of Circuit Court Clerk, to which office I was 
elected on the first Monday in August. 1874, for a term 
of six years, and entered upon the duties of the office the 
following Monday. During the term my health became 
impaired, and I declined to make the race for a second 

My wife died on Nov. 30, after my retirement from 
office in August, 1880; and a little more than a year later, 

And Connections. 95 

on Dec. 19, 1881, I married Willie Bell Yelton, a daughter 
of John Pinkney and Mary Yelton, of New Middleton, 
Tenn. John Pinkney Yelton's father was Charles Henson 
Yelton, who was reared in Lynchburg, Va. His mother's 
maiden name was Susan Rodgers, also reared in Virginia. 
The children of Charles Henson and Susan Yelton 
were 9, as follows: 

1— William. 5— Benjamin. 

2— Barnett Cash. 6— Wilbourn Swift. 

3— Charles Lewis. 7— Lydia. 

4— John Pinkney. 8— Sallie. 

9— Mary. 
It is not probable that the above arrangement, taken 
as a whole, is in the order of the ages of the members 
of this family, though, if I understand the facts, the sons 
are in the order of their ages, and the daughters in the 
order of theirs. 

I am not advised as to the marriage connections of 
any except that of my father-in-law. John Pinkney. who 
married Mary Lea. a daughter of John and Rebecca Lea. 
John Pinkney Yelton has been a very successful far- 
mer and live stock dealer. For a long number of years 
his specialty was buying and driving horses and mules 
to the Southern states, from which business he derived a 
good profit. He once held the office of County Court 
Clerk of Smith County. Tenn. His wife died in 1897, since 
which time he has not been regularly engaged in any bus- 
iness. He makes his home with his son-in-law, James W. 
Turner, at Willett. Macon County, Tenn. He is 88 years 
old. His children have been 7, as follows: 

a— Robert Gray. d— Martha Miranda, 

b— Benjamin Jackson. e— Margaret Luella. 

c— Mary Lea. f— Jennie Poteet. 

g— Willie Bell, 
a— Robert Gray Yelton married Letitia Tuggle. He is 
a very successful farmer. He lives on an excellent farm 
about 3 miles east of Lebanon, Tenn. The children of 
this marriage have been 4, as follows: 

96 The Hughes Family 

1 — Nora, married Joseph Barbee. 

2 — Hueskah, married, and soon- after died. I once 
knew the name of his wife, but I have forgotten it. 

3 — I am not advised as to Baxter. 

4 — Eulalia, is married, but I have not the name of 
her husband. I think she lives in St. Louis, Mo. 

b and e — Benjamin Jackson and Margaret Luella died 
in childhood. 

c — Mary Lea Yelton, married James Wilson Turner. 
He has been a farmer and merchant. He now, I think 
runs a flouring mill at Willett, Tenn. The children of 
this marriage are 2 ,as follows: 

1 — Edward Exum Turner, married Bessie Jones. 

2 — Gray Yelton Turner, married Rebecca Davis. 

d' — Martha Miranda Yelton, was born Dec. 14, 1856. 
On Dec. 23, 1873, she married James Francis Turner, who 
was born Jan. 28, 1854. James F. and James W. are not 
related. James F. Turner was a minister in the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. He was also a very able edu- 
cator. He and his wife taught together, and she taught 
after his death. He died Dec. 30, 1885. Mrs. Turner's ad- 
dress is Gordonsville, Tenn., where for a number of years, 
she held the position of postmistress The children of this 
marriage were 6, as follows: 

1 — James Frances. 4 — Wilbur Foss. 

2 — John Hugh. 5 — Bessie Lee. 

3— Mary C. 6— Martha Elsie. 

1 — James Frances Turner, Jr., was born Jan. 31, 1875. 
On Jan. 10, 1900, he married Cora Coulson. Their children 
are 3, as follows: 

a — Cora Frances, born Nov. 8, 1903. 
b— Sarah Martha, born Aug. 15, 1905. 
c— Kathlene, born Dec. 13, 1907. 
2 — John Hugh Turner was born March 24, 1876. On 
Nov. 14, 1907, he married Ruby Urquhart, of Mobile. Of 
this marriage there is 1 child, named Virginia. John Hugh 
is a lawyer, lives in Nashville, Tenn., where he has a large 
and lucrative practice. 


And Connections. 97 

3 — Mary C. Turner, generally called Mamie, was born 
Jan. 13, 1878. On June 19, 1907, she married Albert Henry 
Key. Xo children reported. 

4 — Wilbur Foss Turner was born June 15, 1880, and 
died Oct. 18, 1886. 

5 — Bessie Lee Turner was born Aug. 29, 1882, and 
died Nov. 15, 1883. 

6 — Martha Elsie Turner was born Sept. 12, 1884. On 
Sept. 6, 1910, she was married to James Frederick Gwalt- 
ney, a son of John Gwaltney. He is postmaster at Gor- 
donsville, Tenn. 

f — Jennie Poteet Yelton married James W. Clarke, a 
lawyer of Liberty, Tenn. In 1884, they moved to Great 
Bend, Kansas, where Mr. Clarke built up a splendid prac- 
tice. He has served two or three terms as County Attor- 
ney of Barton County. Jennie died in 1897. Mr. Clarke 
has married again. 

g — Willie Bell was married to me Dec. 19, 1881. Soon 
after my marriage with my second wife I engaged in the 
retail grocery business, later combining with it shoes, hats 
and hardware. In 1885, I sold out my business and went 
to Barton Co., Kansas, where I remained till November, 
1891. when I moved to Arkansas City, Cowley Co., Kan- 
sas, where I remained one year; and in November, 1892, 
returend to Crittenden Co., Ky., arriving at Marion No- 
vember 20. During my stay in Kansas I was engaged in 
farming and gardening. On my return to Kentucky I en- 
gaged in the same business, but taught a term in 1896, 
and again in 1898. My second wife died at Marion, Ky., 
Oct. 10, 1896. 

In December, 1898. I received an appointment as 
Storekeeper-Gauger in the U. S. Internal Revenue service 
for the Second Revenue district of Kentucky. I went on 
duty under my first assignment at Worsham's distillery, 
now Kraver's, at Henderson on Jan. 1st, 1899. I have 
been continuously in the service ever since. The end of 
the present year (It is now November, 1910,) will com- 
plete my twelfth year. 

98 The Hughes Family 

On February 20, 1900, I married Mary Louise Swoope 
(pronounced Swope). She was born Jan. 12, 1864. She 
is a daughter of George William and Elizabeth Love 
(Patton) Swoope. Her father was a lawyer of marked 
ability. He was at his best as a criminal lawyer, but was 
good in all the departments of the legal practice. He 
was a Democrat, but was not a politician. I have not 
been informed of but two races that he ever made for 
office, in both of which he was opposed by men of his 
own political faith. One was for District Prosecuting 
Attorney, in which he was defeated. The other was for 
the State Senate in which he was elected. He was born 
at Falmouth, Pendleton Co., Ky., August 6, 1834, and died 
at the City Hospital in Owensboro, Ky., Sept. 25, 1903. 
His father was Samuel Franklin Swoope, who was born 
in Bourbon Co., Ky., March 9, 1809, and about 1833 he 
moved to Falmouth, Ky., and entered upon the practice 
of the law, and was soon regarded as one of the ablest 
lawyers in his section. He represented Pendleton County 
in the lower house of the legislature three terms, and 
served one term in the State Senate. He represented 
the old Tenth Kentucky district in the lower House of 
Congress two terms, from 1855 to 1859. He was elected 
as an American Party man or Know-Nothing. During 
the Civil War he was an outspoken Union man. He died 
soon after the close of the Civil War. His wife was 
Louisa Cordelia Boston. Their children were 13, as 

1 — Mary Catharine married William Field, a lawyer. 
She lives in St. Louis. Mr. Field has been dead many 

2 — George William married Elizabeth Love Patton. 

3 — Mildred died in childhood. 

4 — Elizabeth Frances died unmarried. 

5 — Henrietta Cordelia died unmarried. 

6 — Martha Ann married Ashel Clark. 

7 — Charles Temple married Lucy Abernathy. He was 
a commissioned officer in the Union army. 

And Connections. 99 

8— Etha Linda married William N. Maull, address 
802, Washington St., Louisville, Ky. 

9 — Douglas Patterson is not married. Address, Ed- 
wardsville, Mo. 

10 — Sydney died in childhood. 

11 — Alva married Frank Watkins. 

12 — Henry died in childhood. 

13 — Edgar died when 2 or 3 years old. 

My wife's mother, who before her marriage, was Eliz- 
abeth Love Patton, is a daughter of Major John Poins 
Patton, whose wife was Julia Ann Anderson, a daughter 
of Claiborn and Elizabeth (Knight) Anderson. All these 
people lived in Mason Co., Ky. Major Patton's children 
were 3, as follows: 

1 — Thomas Claiborn. 2 — Amanda. 

3 — Elizabeth Love. 

1 — Thomas Claiborn Patton died when 18 months old. 

2 — Amanda Patton married John L. Chiles. Her pres- 
ent address is Falmouth, Ky. Her husband died about 
40 years ago. 

3 — Elizabeth Love Patton, as already twice stated, 
married George William Swoope. She lives with me and 
my wife at 1210, St. Ann St., Owensboro, Ky. There 
were born to her marriage with George W. Swoope, 4 
children, as follows: 

1 — Mary Louise, my wife. 

2 — John Franklin, always called Jack, address, Evans- 
ville, Ind., R. F. D. Xo. 11, Park Heights. He is in the 
employ of the L. &. X. R. R. 

3 — Amanda Etha, died at the age of 17. 

4 — George William died from a kick by a horse when 
about 18 months old. 

My children have been 6, as follows: 
First wife: 1 — Maude. 
Second wife: 
2— Roy Yelton. 4— Claude. 

3— Earl. 5— Earl Claude. 

4 %0&£3 

100 The Hughes Family 

Third wife: 
6 — Mildred Leander Swoope. 

1 — Maude Hughes is not married. She has lived in 
Nashville several years. She works at the business of 
stenographer, typewriter and bookkeeper. Her address 
is Girls' Christian Home, 131, Fifth Avenue North, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. She is an active and a consistent member of 
the Baptist church, and a Sunday School teacher. 

2 — Roy Yelton Hughes was born in Marion, Ky., 
Sept. 19, 1882. On his 25th birthday, Sept. 19, 1907, he 
married Emma Elizabeth Hoffman, of New Ulm, Minn. 
She was born in Todd Co., Minn., Jan. 1, 1884. She is a 
daughter of John Louis Hoffman, who was born in Vir- 
ginia May 26, 1855, but spent his earliest boyhood days 
in Baltimore, Maryland. When only about 7 years old 
he, with his parents, passed through the terrible ordeal of 
the Indian massacre at and around New Ulm in 1862. Mr. 
Hoffman's family took refuge in old Fort Ridgely, 19 
miles north of New Ulm during that awful holocaust, and 
although the fort was almost shot to pieces, young Hoff- 
man, with his father's family, escaped entirely uninjured. 

On Sept. 25, 1876, John Louis Hoffman married Emma 
Mary Steinbach in New Ulm, Brown Co., Minn. Mrs. 
Hoffman was born at Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, February 
16, 1856. 

To this union have been born 14 children, of whom 13 
are living, 7 sons and 6 daughters. Roy's wife, Emma 
Elizabeth, is one of the number. The family names of 
both of Emma's parents indicate German descent, and 
Emma is well versed in the language of that race. She 
speaks and writes German and English with equal fluency. 

Roy is a very capable electrician, and works at that 
business, but has followed other pursuits. For a con- 
siderable time he traveled for the International Corre- 
spondence School at Scranton, Penn., during which time 
he traveled all over the Upper Mississippi and Missouri 
River country, with headquarters at different places. He 
has given considerable attention to invention. He and 

And Connections. 101 

his brother-in-law, Mr. Hoffman, have recently patented 
an automatic fire-alarm, and also what is known as the 
Hughes-Hoffman Key-ring pocket lock, for travelers. It 
can be manipulated only from the inside. Roy's address 
is Aberdeen, South Dakota. 

The children of this marriage have been 2, as follows: 

a — Yelton Leander, who was born at Xew Ulm, Minn., 
Nov. 4, 1908, and died at St. Luke's hospital in Aberdeen, 
S. D., Sept. 20, 1909. 

b — Edward John Hughes was born in Aberdeen, South 
Dakota, April 26, 1910. 

3 — Earl Hughes was born in Marion, Ky., March 9, 
1884, and died October 22, 1884. 

4 — Claud was born at Pawnee Rock, Kansas, Sept. 
15, 1885, and died Sept. 17, 1886. 

5 — Earl Claud was born Oct. 2, 1887, and died Aug. 
27, 1888. 

6 — Mildred Leander Swoope Hughes was born at 105, 
Maple Street, Owensboro, Ky., Oct. 12, 1901. She is in 
school, in the 4th grade, a good little student. 

In response to a letter that I recently addressed to 
Capt. \Y. T. Ellis, an ex-member of Congress, and who 
for more than thirty years has ranked among the ablest 
members of the Owensboro bar, I received the following 

Owensboro, Ky., Nov. 3, 1910. 
Hon. W. J. L. Hughes, 

Owensboro, Ky. 
My Dear Friend: 

In answer to your letter of yesterday will say I was 
well acquainted with your wife's father, Honorable George 
William Swoope. I knew him for thirty-five years prior 
to the date of his death and was intimately associated 
with him at the Owensboro bar and had ample oppor- 
tunity to know him, as a lawyer, a citizen and neighbor. 

George W. Swoope was in his younger life a remark- 
ably handsome and a highly cultured and accomplished 
man. He was a natural lawyer, and although never a dili- 

102 The Hughes Family 

gent student, he was one of the best practitioners of law 
I ever knew. 

When I came to the bar in 1870 Mr. Swoope was in 
full practice; he was on one side or the other of every 
important civil suit, not only in the Daviess Circuit Court, 
but in the various courts of this Judicial district. As a 
criminal lawyer he had no superior and as a result of his 
skill and personal popularity he had a monopoly of the 
criminal practice. He was an orator of first-class ability. 
I have heard him deliver some of the most magnificent 
addresses to juries that I ever heard any lawyer deliver. 
If Mr. Swoope had applied himself diligently and had 
husbanded his resources he would have died a very rich 

One of the most brilliant races ever made in this 
Judicial district was the race he made for Common- 
wealth's Attorney in 1867. He canvassed the district thor- 
oughly, and although his opponent was a distinguished 
Confederate soldier, and although the district was over- 
whelmingly Southern in its sympathies, Mr. Swoope ran 
a remarkable race. His speeches throughout that cam- 
paign were not only an able presentation of the grounds 
on which he based his claim for election, but were a thor- 
ough and accurate discussion of the political issues then 
before the country. Mr. Swoope was a strong Southern 
sympathizer during the Civil War, though he was never 
in the army, and his discussion of the hardships to which 
Southern sympathizers who remained at home were sub- 
jected during the Civil War and the espionage which was 
set about them, was never so graphically described or 
thrillingly told either before or since that day. 

One of the most exciting races in which Mr. Swoope 
was a candidate was his race for the State Senate, in 
which race his opponent was the Honorable Edwin 
Hawes, a man of great personal popularity and large 
family influences. The Senatorial district in which Mr. 
Swoope was a candidate was then composed of the coun- 
ties of Daviess and Hancock. No race was ever made 

And Connections. 103 

which attracted so much public attention not only in the 
Senatorial district, but throughout the State. Mr. Swoope, 
although running against one of the best known, most in- 
fluential and popular citizens of the district, was elected 
by a handsome majority. His services in the State Senate 
were alike honorable to himself and his district. He was 
a leader in the State Senate from the day he took his seat 
in that body to the last day of his services there. 

After his race for the Senate he was never again a 
candidate for a political office, but confined himself to 
the practice of his profession. 

In the courthouse Mr. Swoope was the most courte- 
ous, polite and affable lawyer who ever appeared at the 
Owensboro bar. His bearing toward the court and oppos- 
ing counsel was at all times most affable and courteous. 

It is doubtful if there has appeared within the last 
three-quarters of a century any lawyer at any bar in Ken- 
tucky who was the superior of George W. Swoope, es- 
pecially in the practice of the criminal law. His influence 
with juries was simply something marvelous. He had the 
power not only to sway juries by his public addresses, but 
he had that faculty which made him one of the mo?t 
popular men in this Judicial district. Mr. Swoope be- 
longed to an excellent family of people, his father having 
been twice a member of Congress and a very distinguished 
and prominent citizen in the eastern part of Kentucky 
where he lived. Yours truly, 


b — Isaac Goodall, second child of John James and 
Susan (Gass) Hughes, was born in Simth Co., Tenn., 
Oct. 28, 1845, and died at the same place, of measles in 
February, 1848. 

c — Ira Campbell Hughes was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
Sept. 9, 1847. He married Lucy Ann Jones, a daughter of 
James T. and Elizabeth Ann Jones, in Crittenden Co., 
Kentucky, May 4, 1873. She died in November, 1874, at 
the birth of her first child. In April or May, 1879, he 

104 The Hughes Family 

married Sallie Ann Carter, a daughter of Garland Carter. 
She died about 1887 or '88, and in 1890, he married Mallie 
Ann Mott, a daughter of James Mott, and a sister of Rev. 
William E. Mott. 

Ira has always followed the business of farming. He 
lives about 3 miles east of Marion, Ky., on the I. C. rail- 
road, which runs through his farm. Address, Marion, Ky. 
His children are 3 in number, as follows: 
First wife: 1 — James Lacy. 
Second wife: 
2 — Virgil Eletheridge. 3 — Camilla Keturah. 

There are no children of the third marriage. 

1 — James Lacy Hughes was born in Crittenden Co., 
Ky., Nov. 24, 1874. He married Cora May Fritts, a daugh- 
ter of Josiah Franklin Fritts. Her mother was a Miss 
Elkins, a daughter of William Elkins. Cora was born 
in Crittenden Co., Ky., Feb. 28, 1878. They live in Pa- 
ducah, Ky., and Lacy is a machine operator in the planing 
mill department of the car repair shops of the Illinois 
Central R. R. Address, C. O. I. C. Shops, Paducah, Ky. 
They had 1 child, Verballee, born Dec. 18, 1905. Died 
April 24, 1906. 

2 — Virgil Eletheridge Hughes was born in Crittenden 
Co., Ky., in 1881. He is unmarried. He is a farmer, an 
industrious and steady young man. I think his address 
is Marion, Ky. 

3 — Camilla Keturah Hughes married Moses Lanham. 
He was killed in a railroad accident a few months ago. 
Camilla lives with her father. One child, a son named 
Carroll Gray, was born to this marriage. 

d — Winfield Scott Hughes was born in Smith Co., 
Tenn., Aug. 22, 1849. He is a farmer and carpenter. He 
married his cousin Mary Elizabeth Alison, a daughter of 
Moses and Elizabeth (Hughes) Alison. Address, Marion, 
Ky. No children. 

e — Hardy Boze Hughes was born in Crittenden Co., 
Ky., June 27, 1851. He married Ianthia Gill, a daughter 
of James Francis and Adeline (Lynn) Gill, in June, 1872. 


And Connections. 105 

He was a farmer and worked at the carpenter's trade 
some. He was remarkable for his industry and morality. 
He was a member of the Baptist church. He died June 
16, 1875, leaving 1 child, named James Francis, born 
March 22, 1873. A posthumous child was born Sept. 24, 
1875, and named Hardy Boze. This last child died Oct. 
23, 1878. The older son, James Francis married Eva Lena 
McCandless, who was born Feb. 25, 1871. They married 
Dec. 23, 1894. He has always been a farmer. Address 
Bayou. Ky. To this union have been born 2 children, as 

1 — Vela. 2 — Junie Euline. 

1— Vela Hughes, born and died Oct. 9, 1895. 

2 — Junie Euline Hughes was born June 9. 1907. 

f — James Bridges ) Twins were born in Smith 

g — Samuel Bridgewater \ Co., Tenn., Jan. 6, 1854. 

f — James Bridges Hughes married Henrie Grissom. a 
daughter of Alexander and Rebecca (Shoemaker) Gris- 
som, in 1876. He has been a farmer, but for 20 years has 
been a carpenter, painter, paper hanger. &c. Address, 
Marion, Ky. There has been born to this marriage 1 child, 
Seldon Hughes, who was born about the year 1877. He is 
not married. He is a printer, and works steadily at his 
trade. He makes his home with his parents in Marion, Ky. 

g — Samuel Bridgewater Hughes, a twin brother of the 
preceding, was born Jan. 6. 1854. He married Margaret 
Emily Flanary. a daughter of James Fidelia and Mary 
Jane Flanary, in Crittenden Co., Ky. He has been a far- 
mer and carpenter. Address Sykeston, Mo. They have 
'1 child, a daughter, named Ina May. She is unmarried. 

h — Nancy Bell Hughes was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
March 23, 1856. She married Thomas Nathaniel James, a 
son of Garry Spink or Spencer James, in Crittenden Co., 
Ky.. May 1, 1872. He was a farmer. He was born Feb. 
23, 1848, and died April 28, 1883. The widow now lives at 
Twenty-fifth and Jackson Sts., Paducah, Ky. 

The children of this marriage are 4, as follows: 

106 The Hughes Family 

1 — Susan Brittania. 3 — John Lacy. 

2 — William Thomas. 4 — Walter Samuel. 

1 — Susan Brittania James was born June 1, 1873. She 
married Leven Carr Perry, Dec. 24, 1890. He was born 
Feb. 26, 1863. He has followed various branches of the 
mercantile business. He is now employed as Night Fore- 
man at the Street Car Barn. His address is 1032, South 
Eleventh Street, Paducah, Ky. The children of this mar- 
riage are 2, as follows: 

a — Raymond Randolph. b — James Reginald. 

a — Raymond Randolph Perry was born Nov. 15, 1892. 
He is a bright and promising boy 18 years old, with a 
marked predilection for business. He is now employed in 
the Illinois Central R. R. Shops in Paducah, Ky. 

f — Little James Regniald Perry was born Sept. 16, 
1905, and is several years younger than his brother, and 
of course little more can be expected of him yet than to be 
a good boy and stud} 7 his lessons well. 

2 — William Thomas James was born Sept. 26, 1875. 
He married Emma Pearl Henson, a daughter of Samuel 
and Margaret (Cardin) Henson, Dec. 25, 1901. Pearl was 
born Aug. 19, 1881. He is a mechanic, and is employed in 
the car repairing department of the Illinois Central rail- 
road shops in Paducah, Ky. Address, Twenty-eighth and 
Tennessee Sts., Paducah, Ky. 

There is 1 child, a daughter, Lora Thelma, born Oct. 
26, 1902. 

3 — John Lacy James was born March 16, 1878. He 
married Iturea Morgan, a daughter of William and Susan 
(Moss) Morgan. He is a mechanic, and works at the 
same place as his brother William Thomas. His wife 
died in 1905. He makes his home with his mother at 
Twenty-fifth and Jackson Sts.. Paducah. Ky. He has 1 
child, a son named Robert Lincoln, born June 9, 1902. 

4 — Walter Samuel James was born Sept. 26, 1880. He 
is not married. He has followed various pursuits, has 
been connected with the street car service in Memphis, 
Tenn., and has operated several pressing clubs in that 

And Connections. 107 

city. He now has a clerkship in the postoffice in Mem- 
phis. He is a most exemplary young man. His address 
is 747, Beale Street, Memphis, Tenn. 

These three James boys were brought up on a farm 
and were taught to work from their childhood, but in 
the meantime they all obtained a good business education. 

i — John McLaren (Mack) Hughes was born in Smith 
Co., Tenn., May 24, 1858. On March 19, 1890, he married 
Ida Olive Mott, a daughter of James Mott and a sister of 
Ira C. Hughes' wife, Mallie Ann. Ida Olive (Ollie) was 
born Jan. 17. 1869. Mack has followed the business of 
farming mainly, but also works at carpenter's trade, paint- 
ing, &c. Address, Marion, Ky. Their children are 2, as 

1 — Huston Hicks. 2 — Zilpah Gertrude. 

1 — Huston Hicks Hughes was born Sept. 2, 1897. 

2 — Zilpah Gertrude was born June 8, 1901. 

j — George Warren Sumpter Hughes was born in Crit- 
tenden Co., Ky., April 18, 1861. On June 15, 1892, he mar- 
ried Margaret Dorcas Sigler, who was born Aug. 5, 1871. 
She was a daughter of Francis U. and Margaret Ann Sig- 
ler. Her father was a Baptist minister. Farming was 
George's principal business through life, but for several 
years from about 1888 to '92 he was engaged in the mail 
and passenger transfer business from Marion to Princeton 
via Shady Grove and intermediate points. In cutting 
down a tree he was intsantly killed by the tree falling 
across his body, March 6, 1908. That was in Caldwell 
Co., Ky., near Shady Grove. His widow, Margaret Dor- 
cas, lives in Caldwell Co., near Shady Grove, which is her 
address. The children of this marriage are 6, as follows: 

1 — Vera Dothan, born in Crittenden Co., Ky., April 
16, 1893. 

2 — Ezra Carman, born in Caldwell Co., Ky., July 21, 

3 — Florence Bell, born in Caldwell Co., Ky., Dec. 15, 

108 The Hughes Family 

4 — Eulalia Violet, born in Crittenden Co., Ky., Dec. 
21, 1899. 

5 — Margaret Achilla, born in Crittenden Co., Ky., Jan. 
31, 1903. 

6 — Georgie Thelma, born in Caldwell Co., Ky., Aug. 
10, 1907. 

1 — Vera Dothan Hughes married Lee Franklin Mc- 
Dowell, a grand-son of Jesse McDowell. 

k — Ulyses Grant Hughes was born in Crittenden Co., 
Ky., June 24, 1863. On May 15, 1902, he married Anna 
Lavinia Blackburn, a daughter of Rev. E. B. Blackburn, of 
Marion, Ky. Anna was born March 3, 1879. Grant was 
brought up on a farm, attended the public schools of his 
native county, and attended Clinton College, Clinton, Ky. 
He taught some in his younger days, entered the ministry 
of the Baptist church, was ordained to preach Feb. 24, 
1898. His first call to a pastorate was by the First Baptist 
church of Elizabethtown, Illinois. After remaining with 
that church one year, he resigned and returned to his 
own State and county on account of the confirmed ill 
health of his father. Since the death of his father in 1901, 
he has been continuously engaged in pastoral work, having 
the pastorate of from two to four churches constantly. 
He lives in Marion, Ky., but owns a farm in the country 
near by. 


10 — Little Berry Hughes married Drucilla Tuck in 
Smith Co., Term., in the early 40's. Soon after his mar- 
riage he moved to Butler Co., Ky., and later to Logan Co. 
in the same State. He was a successful farmer, provided 
well for his family, and gave liberally to the Methodist 
church, of which he was a faithful, consistent member. 
He died, I think, between 1890 and '95. I regret that I 
have not been able to obtain as complete a history of his 
family, as I would wish. 

His children were 8 in number, as follows: 
a — William Powell. e — Jennie, 

b — Edna Rebecca. f — Emma. 

c — Selenda. g — Leander. 

d — Elza. h — James Henry. 

a — William Powell went to Texas when a young man. 
He married a Miss Busby in that State. He is said to 
have gone later to the Indian Territory, and all trace of 
him has been lost. 

b — Edna Rebecca Hughes married John Cardwell, a 
farmer. Address, Sugar Grove, Ky. She died in March, 

c — Selenda married William Deel. Address not 

d — Elza Hughes married Thomas Bobbitt, a farmer. 
Address, Sugar Grove, Ky. 

e — Jennie Hughes married Scott Page. Address, Su- 
gar Grove, Ky. 

f — Emma Hughes married James Rush. 

g — Leander Hughes married Emma Conifex or Car- 
nifex. He died about 1 year after his marriage, and when 
he was about 22 years old. 

h — James Henry Hughes died in childhood. 


110 The Hughes Family 

I am not sure that the above arrangement of my 
uncle Little Berry's children is exactly in the order of 
their ages. 

11 — Elizabeth Hughes married Moses Allison, a far- 
mer, carpenter and cabinet maker, in Smith Co., Tenn. 
They moved to Crittenden Co., Ky., soon after marriage. 
They moved back to Smith Co., Tenn., in 1852 or '53. 
In 1867 they again moved to Crittenden Co., Ky., where 
they resided the remainder of their lives. Elizabeth died 
in 1868, and Moses in 1871 or 72. 

Their children that survived the age of childhood were 
7, as follows: 

a — Rebecca Ann. d — Berry, 

b — Leander Joseph. e — Mary Elizabeth, 

c— Martha or Mattie. f— William Scott. 

g — Fannie. 

The above list is in the order, of age, but among them 
are three other children that died in childhood. They 
were Simeon, Samuel and Sallie McCoy. 

a — Rebecca Ann Allison married her cousin Simeon 
W. Allison, now deceased. The present address of Re- 
becca Ann is probably Princeton, Ky. Her children are 
4, as follows: 

1 — Monroe. 3 — Moses Wesley. 

2 — Nancy Green. 4 — Wade. 

1 — Moses died unmarried. 

2 — Nancy Green married Joel Cox. She is a widow. 

3 — Moses Wesley died in infancy. 

4 — Wade died unmarried. 

b — Leander Joseph Allison was variously employed. 
He was a farmer, painter, and I think also a carpenter. 
So far as I know he is yet living, but I have not his ad- 
dress. His last address known to me was Arkansas City. 

He has been married several times. His first wife 
was Jane Kimsey. His second was Elizabeth Fortner. 
His third was Mrs. Ellen (Grisson) Crayne. I understand 
that he has married at least twice since the death of his 

And Connections. Ill 

third wife, but I am not advised as to the names of his 
last wives. He has 2 children, both of the first marriage: 

1 — David, married Rosa Frizell or Frazell. 

2 — William is married, but the name of his wife is 

c — Martha or Mattie Allison was twice married. Her 
first husband was Richard Randall, whom she married in 
Smith Co., Tenn. Her second husband was James Lee 
Walker, a son of Rev. Paul L. H. Walker. His last known 
address was Princeton, Ky. Mattie's children of the two 
marriages have been 6, as follows: 

First husband: 1 — Elizabeth. 
Second husband: 
2 — Ida Lee. 4 — William. 

3 — Lula Ann. 5 — Paul. 

6 — Ezra. 

1 — T have no information concerning Elizabeth Ran- 

2 — Ida Lee Walker married Lafayette Shaw. Address 
not known. 

3 — Lula Ann Allison is not married. 

4 — William Walker married Mattie Walker, a cousin. 

5 — Paul Walker is married, but the name of his wife 
is not known. 

6 — Ezra Walker married Lucy Smith. 

d — Berry Allison married Sallie Ann Pool, whose 
father was for a long time Jailer of Caldwell Co., Ky. 
He is a carpenter, and has followed other pursuits. He 
has served as City Marshal of Princeton at least one term. 
His address is Princeton, Ky. Their children are 5, as 

1— Elizabeth. 3— Willie. 

2 — Lexie. 4 — Essie. 

5— Delia. 
1 — Elizabeth Allison married her second cousin Berry 
Allison, a son of Samuel Allison. 

2 — Lexie (probably Alexis) married Maud Clayton. 
3 — Willie Allison married W'illiam Allen. 

112 The Hughes Family 

4 — Essie. The facts of her history not given. 

5 — Delia Allison married Frank Hughes. 

e — Mary Elizabeth Allison married her cousin Win- 
field Scott Hughes, whose sketch has been given. 

f — William Scott Allison married Adeline Pool, a 
sister of his brother Berry's wife. He has been a farmer, 
and I think a carpenter, and has been City Marshal of 
Princeton, Ky. His children are 4, as follows: 
1— Bettie. 3— Beulah. 

2 — Edgar. 4 — Estie. 

1 — Bettie Allison married George Kenney. 

2 — Edgar Allison died at the age of 8 years. 

3 — Beulah married Clarence Brown. 

4 — Estie Allison is not married. 

g — Fannie Allison married her cousin John James 
Hughes. For the children of this marriage, see sketch of 
John James, son of Leonard Fretwell Hughes. 

12 — William Hughes, my uncle, died unmarried at the 
age of about 25. He was an unusually exemplary young 

13 — Ira Bell Hughes married Scynthia Ann Franks. He 
has been a farmer all his life, but has retired in recent years 
from active participation in any business. He is now 
about 86 or 87 years old. He and his brother, Seth Wade 
Hughes and his sister Susan Lea Gass are the only sur- 
vivors of Leander Hughes' family of 20 children. His 
children are 10, as follows: 

a — William Brookshire. f — Thomas Buell. 

b — Theodoric M. g — Willis Anthony, 

c — Jesse Bell. h — Rosana Delia, 

d — Leander L. i — Albert, 

e — Ira Marshall. j — Henry Cossitt. 

All the survivors of the list of Ira Bell Hughes' family, 
including Ira Bell himself receive their mail at Marion, Ky. 
a — William Brookshire Hughes, a farmer and carpen- 
ter, married Mary Conger. 

b — Theodoric M. Hughes died in infancy. 

c — Jesse Bell married Nancy J. Fritts, a daughter of 


And Connections. 113 

Philip Fritts. He died about 1890. He had been a far- 
mer and traveling salesman. 

d — Leander L. Hughes has been twice married. His 
first wife was Xilie Vanhook. His second and present 
wife was Parthenia Vaughn. 

e — Ira Marshall Hughes was twice married. His first 
wife was Annie Moore. His second was Mary McXeely. 
He was a farmer. He died in 1896. 

f — Thomas Buell Hughes married Jane McXeeley. He 
was a farmer. He died about 1890. 

g — Willis Anthony Hughes married Elizabeth Minchie. 

h — Rosana Delia has been twice married. Her first 
husband was Anderson Xeal. Her second and present 
husband is Rufus J. Ford. 

i — Albert Hughes, generally called Allie, married his 
brother Ira Marshall's widow. 

j — Henry Cossitt Hughes died in childhood. 

14 — Seth Wade Hughes was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
Dec. 24, 1822. He married his second cousin, Xancy 
Powell Davidson, a daughter of Josiah and Susan David- 
son. He has been a carpenter. His address is Harrisburg, 
Ills. The children of this marriage are 11, as follows: 
a — Sumner Marble. f — William, 

b — Harrington Stevens. g — Samuel, 

c — Susan Jane. h — Lizzie, 

d — Maggie. i — Charles Eddie, 

e — Joseph Leander. j — Dockey. 

k — Carrie Deane. 
a — Sumner Marble Hughes married Julia Gaskins. 
b — Harrington Stevens Hughes married Julia Stiff. 
She died, and he married Mattie Morris. 

c — Susan Jane, always called Mollie, has been twice 
married. Her first husband was Frances Marion Wright, 
a music teacher. Her second was Solomon Franklin 
Williford, a lawyer. 

d — Maggie died in infancy. 

e — Joseph Leander married Tina Reece. 

f — William married Stella Taylor. 

114 The Hughes Family 

g — Samuel married Virginia Pearce. 

h — Lizzie died in childhood. 

i — Charles Eddie married Minnie Abbott. 

j — Dockey was drowned in a well when he was about 
5 years old. I presume he had some other name, but, if 
so, I have not learned what it was. 

k — Carrie Deane married Jesse T. Crouch. 

I am wholly unadvised as to the address of any of 
the children of my uncle Wade, except Mollie, whose ad- 
dress is Harrisburg, Illinois. 

15 — Foley Brookshire Hughes died unmarried in Crit- 
tenden Co., Ky., at the age of about 18 or 20. 

16 — Thomas Henry Hughes, youngest child of Lean- 
der Hughes' second marriage, was born in Smith Co., 
Tenn., June 15, 1827. He was a carpenter. With the ex- 
ception of a few months in 1851 he spent his entire life in 
Smith Co., Tenn., and the adjoining county of DeKalb. 
He was twice married. His first wife was Martha Gibbs, 
a daughter of John and Mahulda (Perkins) Gibbs. His 
second wife was a widow Brandon. He was a carpenter. 
He died in DeKalb Co., Tenn., about the year 1890. Of 
his first marriage there were 2 children: 

a — Mahulda Bell married her cousin, Americus Smith, 
a son of Joseph Smith. 

b — Van died unmarried some time about, or prior to, 
1890. There may have been a child or two that died in 
infancy. Of Thomas Henry's second marriage there was 
1 son named Lafayette Hughes, but I am not advised of 
his history. 

This closes the sketch of the children of the second 
wife of Leander Hughes, Sr. 

The third wife's children: 
17 — Sarah Jane, always called Sallie Jane Hughes, 
married John Henry Davidson, a second cousin. For the 
names and marriages of their children see sketch of 
John Henry Davidson, supra. 

18 — Nancy Ann Hughes married Joel Thomas, a son 

And Connections. 115 

of Diggs and Judith (Paris) Thomas, in Smith Co., Tenn., 
about 1855. They were cousins twice removed, their mothers 
being first cousins. Very soon after their marriage they 
moved to Western Missouri. Joel was a farmer. He and 
Nancy Ann both died many years ago. They had but 1 
child, Martha Ann Thomas. She married Thomas McKee 
in 1877. He has been dead nearly 20 years. His address 
was Latour, Mo. He was a dry goods merchant. Martha 
died in May, 1907. They had 4 children, as follows: 

a — William D. McKee. c — Lillian McKee. 

b — Florence Esther McKee. d — Grover Cleveland McKee. 

a — William D. McKee married Ora Terrell, in 1906. 
They have no children. 

b — Florence Esther McKee married William Richard 
Wooldridge. Address, Blairstown, Mo. They have 1 
child: Vivian Oleto Wooldridge. 

19 — Jesse Paris Hughes was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
Aug. 25, 1833. He married Holly Ward Porter, a daugh- 
ter of Peter and Louisa (Ward) Porter. She was born 
Sept. 1, 1828. Her mother was a daughter of John and 
Holly (Mangrum) Ward of Smith Co., Tenn. Jesse P. 
and his wife married in Johnson Co., Missouri. He was 
a very prosperous and successful farmer. He died on a 
farm about 3 miles south of Dunksburg, Johnson Co., Mo., 
Jan. 11, 1890. On that farm he and his wife had spent 
their entire married life. Their children were 4 in num- 
ber, as follows: 

a — Mary Eliza. c — Martha Francis. 

b — William Leander. d — Jesse Joel. 

a — Mary Eliza, generally called Mollie, married John 
Gunn about the year 1889 or '90. She died in December, 
1903. She left no children. 

b — William Leander Hughes married Lizzie McClel- 
land Foster. He is a prosperous farmer and owns valua- 
ble farm property in Johnson Co., Mo. Address, Knob 
Xoster, Mo., on a free delivery route. His children that 
survived infancy are 5, as follows: 

116 The Hughes Family 

1 — Mary Foster. 3 — Edwin Francis. 

2 — Wallace Ward. 4 — Jessie Lea. 

5— Holly. 
They are all unmarried. 

c — Martha Frances Hughes married William Delaney 
Carmack, a second cousin to the late Senator Edward 
Carmack of Tennessee. He is a farmer. He gives special 
attention to fruit growing and dairying. Address, Knob 
Noster, Mo. No children. 

d — Jesse Joel Hughes married Orella Wallston. He 
has been a farmer the greater portion of his life, but is 
now employed as a rural mail carrier. He lives in Knob 
Noster, Mo. 

20 — Susan Lea Hughes, youngest child of Leander 
Hughes, Sr., was a posthumous child, born in January, 
1837. Her father had died in November or December, 
1836. She married Hardy Boze Gass, oldest child of 
Joseph and Nancy Griffin (Boze) Gass. He was a farmer 
all his life. The marriage was in the first days of January, 
1854, at the home of Susan's half-brother John James 
Hughes, with whom she had lived after she was 12 years 
old. He was her guardian. In 1859, Hardy and Susan 
Lea moved from Smith Co., Tenn., to Crittenden Co., Ky., 
and bought a farm about 4 miles north of Marion, the 
county-seat. That was their home till the death of Hardy 
B. in 1887. The widow still resides there. The children 
that survived the age of early childhood were 3, as follows: 
a — Martha Frances. b — Susan Isabel, 

c — Fountain Sherman. 

a — Martha Frances first married Josiah Baird, a son 
of Jesse Baird. He died, and she afterwards married 
Ewell Lycurgus Slayton, a son of John Slayton. Her 
first husband was a farmer. So is her present one. They 
live on a farm near Martha's mother. Address, Marion, 
Ky. There have been no children of either marriage. 

b — Susan Isabel Gass married Levi Brown. Both 
have been dead for more than 20 years. They left 2 chil- 
dren, a daughter and a son, as follows: 

And Connections. 117 

1 — Mary Green. 2 — Gordon. 

These two children lived with their grandmother 
Gass after the death of their parents. 

1 — Mary Green married James Ford, a son of Gale 
Ford, and a grand-son of Burton Ford, in December, 1909. 
He is a farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

2 — Gordon Brown is unmarried, and at latest advices 
was still making his home with his grandmother Gass. 

c — Fountain Sherman Gass married Lavinia Edith 
Conger. He is a farmer. Lives on a part of the parental 
home. Address, Marion, Ky. The children of this mar- 
riage are 4, three daughters and one son, as follows: 
1— Myrtle. 3— Eula. 

2 — Ora. 4 — Kenneth. 

Second names, if any, have not been ascertained. 

This closes the history of the descendants of Leander 
Hughes, Sr. 

Susannah Hughes. 

Susannah, youngest daughter of Powell Hughes, Sr., 
married Charles Walker in Prince Edward Co., Va., and 
moved to Smith Co., Tenn., and later to Muhlenberg Co., 
Ky., and all trace of the family has been lost. 


Gedeliah Hughes. 

Of the 6 children of Powell Hughes that came from 
Prince Edward Co., Virginia, to Smith Co., Tenn., Gede- 
liah was the only one that came unmarried. He was his 
father's youngest child. He appears to have come to 
Tennessee about as early as either of his brothers. He 
has been described as both tall and large with black hair, 
altogether a very prepossessing man. He married Eliza- 
beth Walker, a daughter of George Walker, who lived 
on the Cumberland river a short distance above Cedar 
Bluff, Smith Co., Tenn., and about 4 miles from Dixon's 
Springs. The place is now the property of a Mrs. Allen, 
and is described as a beautiful home. The present resi- 
dence is brick, built after the marriage of Gedeliah and 
Elizabeth. After his marriage he lived on a large farm 
across the line in W T ilson County, and owned a large num- 
ber of slaves. He died early in life, hardly 40. He was 
always a farmer. After, his death his widow married a 
man named George Duncan. This marriage proved to be 
an unhappy one for her. 

Gedeliah's children were 5, as follows: 
1 — John Powell. 3 — Berry. 

2 — William Leander. 4 — Eliza. 

5 — Gedeliah or Gideon. 

1 — John Powell Hughes was born Aug. 12, 1810. He 
first married Eliza Chambers Freeland, who was born 
March 24, 1817, and died May 2, 1840. His second wife 
was Mary Freeland, a sister of his first wife, who was 
born April 5, 1823. John Powell was a farmer and lived 
on a part of the parental homestead, and afterward a mer- 
chant in Hartsville, Tenn. He gave a good deal of atten- 


The Hughes Family 119 

tion to fine stock. I have not the date of his death, but 
he died more than 50 years ago. His children that sur- 
vived the age of early childhood were 8, as follows: 

First wife: 
a — Eliza Jane. b — Mary Elizabeth, 

c — James Freeland (Sank). 
Second wife: 
d — Martha Melvina. f — Charles Morgan, 

e — Mildred Agnes. g — George Etta, 

h — Kate Martin. 
Charles H. and Elizabeth Agnes died in infancy. 

a — Eliza Jane Hughes died unmarried after reaching 
the age of womanhood. 

b — Mary Elizabeth Hughes married George Burton. 
She died, leaving 1 son named James Burton. He mar- 
ried Kate Sanford. Address, Lebanon, Tenn., R. F. D. 10, 
Box 31. 

c — James Freeland Hughes died in his twentieth year. 

d — Martha Melvina Hughes was born April 2, 1843. 
She married Thomas Clark Carson, of Morgantown. Ky. 
He was born April 2, 1823, and died at Morgantown, Ky., 
July 3rd, 1897. Martha Melvina was his second wife. She 
died Jan. 14, 1909, leaving 1 child, a son, named Justus 
Oliver Carson, who was born Dec. 22, 1877. Thomas C. 
Carson was a prosperous farmer of Butler Co., Ky. He 
was a public spirited citizen, prominent in the afTairs of 
his community. He was elected to the office of County 
Judge in 1870. The present court-house at Morgantown 
was built during his term. In 1880 he organized the Mor- 
gantown Deposit Bank, of which he was president till his 
death. There is every evidence that Martha Carson was 
a woman of rare mental force and amiability of character. 
The son, Justus Oliver Carson is unmarried. He is cashier 
of the bank organized by his father or of a bank organized 
by his half brother, John M. Carson. He is active in 
church and Sunday-school work. 

e — Mildred Agnes Hughes married her cousin James 
Little Berry Hughes, a son of John Walker Hughes. 

120 The Hughes Family 

Their children have been given under the head of James 
Little Berry Hughes. 

f — Charles Morgan Hughes has been twice married. 
His first wife was Cornelia Barxdale, a daughter of 
Thomas Barxdale. His second wife was a widow, a 
younger sister of his first, Mrs. Sue Lowe, nee Barxdale. 
He was a farmer early in life, but about 1875, he went to 
Nashville and engaged in the building material business, 
in which he has been very successful. His place of bus- 
iness is 901, First Avenue North, Nashville, Tenn. 

The children born of his two marriages are 8 in num- 
ber, as follows: 

First wife: 
1 — Leila. 2 — Thomas Richard. 3 — Susie. 

Second wife: 
4 — Euphemia Elizabeth. 6 — Maggie Clare. 

5 — Mattie Dee. 7 — Virginia. 

8 — Bessie. 

1 — Leila married Dr. Albert Gallie Donoho. Address, 
Hartsville, Tenn. 

3 — Susie married James Christian about 3 years ago. 
He is Traffic Manager of a railroad. His location is San 
Francisco, Cal. 

4 — Euphemia Elizabeth Hughes married James Cun- 
ningham in September, 1910. He is a farmer. Address, 
Gallatin, Tenn. 

5 — Mattie Dee married Thomas Witherspoon of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. He is a newspaper man. At last advices 
he was reporting for the Cincinnati Evening Post. 

So far as I am advised all the remaining 4 children 
of Charles Morgan Hughes are unmarried, and with him. 

g — George Etta Hughes was born Dec. 26, 1850. She 
married William Baldry Anderson, who was born Oct. 
12, 1840. He is a very prosperous farmer in Logan Co., 
Ky. Address, Oakville, Ky. The children of this mar- 
riage have been 3, as follows: 

1 — Hugh William. 2 — Harry Powell. 

3 — Mary Agnes. 


And Connections. 121 

1 — Hugh William Anderson was born July 8, 1887. 
He is a flagman on the Louisville & Nashville railroad. 
He is not married. 

2 — Harry Powell Anderson was born Nov. 9, 1891. He 
is still with his parents and in school. 

3 — Mary Agnes Anderson was born Jan. 23, 1895, and 
died July 6, 1896. 

h — Kate Martin Hughes married John Snoddy. She 
died, leaving 4 children, as follows: 

1 — Carson. 2 — Odelia. 

3— Mabel. 4— William. 

I regret that I am not sufficiently advised of the 4 
Snoddy children to make any statement concerning their 

2 — William Leander Hughes was twice married. His 
first wife was Sallie Burford, of Smith Co., Tenn. His sec- 
ond was Sallie Bell of Wilson Co., Tenn. He married his 
first wife about 1840. She was a daughter of John Haw- 
kinds Burford, who was a soldier in the War of 1812, and a 
great-grand-daughter of the noted divine, Rev. Daniel 
Burford, one of the pioneer preachers of that section of 
country. She was related to Major David Burford, who 
was in his day one of the most prominent men of affairs 
in his community. The Burford family has, from the days 
of the cane brakes down to the present, been one of the 
most public spirited and conspicuous in the history of 
Smith County. 

A few years after William Leander's marriage he 
bought from his brother, John Powell, his farm which 
was a part of the paternal estate, and John Powell went 
to Hartsville, Tenn., and engaged in the mercantile bus- 
iness. A few years later he went to Williamson County, 
Illinois. After a two years' residence there his wife died. 
He then moved back to Smith Co., Tenn., where he spent 
the remainder of his life. His children made their home 
with their mother's parents till their father's second mar- 
riage, which was about 4 years from the death of his first 

122 The Hughes Family 

wife. The oldest child, Araminta, continued with her 
grand-parents till she married. 

I have the testimony of this daughter that her step- 
mother was a most estimable woman, very kind and 
motherly to her step children. William Leander was a 
farmer. He died near Dixon's Springs, Tenn. There were 
no children of the second marriage. Of the first, there 
were 4 ,as follows: 

a — Araminta Dormer. c — John Gideon. 

b — Lafayette. d — Mary Victoria. 

a — Araminta Dormer Hughes was born Dec. 26, 
1841. She married Samuel Moody Bransford, a Confeder- 
ate soldier, and a farmer, at Dixon's Springs, Tenn., Dec. 
23, 1863. He was instantly killed by the explosion of 
Shaw's mill, near Dixon's Springs, Tenn., May 16, 1879. 
He had no interest in the mill. In passing by, he stepped 
in to speak to some one inside, when the boiler gave way 
in a terrific explosion, killing Mr. Bransford. No others 
were killed, though several were seriously injured. Mrs. 
Bransford was left with 2 sons aged respectively 11 and 7 
years. She had lost 2 little girls by death. The names 
of her sons were as follows: 

1 — William Richard. 2 — Gideon Fletcher. 

1 — William Richard Bransford married Virginia 
Mayes of Huntsville, Alabama. For a number of years 
he traveled for a wholesale house in Chattanooga at a 
large salary. His wife belonged to an excellent family, 
and a bright and happy life lay before him apparently; 
but he contracted typhoid fever, and died at Huntsville, 
Ala., in 1898, leaving 1 child, a daughter, named Mary 
Elizabeth Bransford. His widow has married A. J. 
Nichols, an architect. Address. Huntsville, Ala. 

2 — Gideon Fletcher Bransford married Mary Bowman, 
of Riddleton, Tenn. He is a farmer, living on a farm of 
his own one-half mile from Dixon's Springs on the turn- 
pike leading from that place to Carthage, Tenn. His 
mother lives with him. His children are 4, as follows, 
with their ages given: 

And Connections. 123 

1 — Elizabeth Hughes, 14. 3 — James Samuel, 9. 

2 — William Richard, 12. 4 — Martha Thompson, 6. 

b — Fafayette Hughes was killed in the Confederate 
army in 1863. He was unmarried. 

c — John Gideon Hughes went West, and has not been 
heard from in the last 20 years. He is supposed to be 
dead. If living he would be about 60 years old. So far 
as known he never married. 

d — Mary Victoria Hughes married William Kyle, and 
moved to Texas. She died, leaving 3 children, whose 
names are not known. All traces of the family were lost 
several years ago. 

3 — Berry Hughes, son of Gedeliah Hughes, Sr., died 
of consumption at his brother John Powell's, when not 
quite 21 years old. 

4 — Eliza Hughes, sister of the above, died in child- 

5 — Gedeliah or Gideon Hughes was a posthumous 
child, born a few months after his father's death, and 
named for his father. He appears to have made his home 
with his brother John Powell Hughes till his marriage. 
He married Rowena Jones who lived near McMinnville, 
Tenn., and was engaged in the mercantile business in that 
town till about the close of the Civil War when he went 
to Dallas, Texas. At some subsequent time, he died at 
the latter place. His widow returned with her children 
to her people. It appears that there were several chil- 
dren of this marriage, but I am not advised as to the 
number, or the names of any of them. 


Samuel or John Gass. 

As to the name of the original progenitor of our 
branch of the Gass family in America there has been some 
confusion. That it was either Samuel or John there is no 
reason to doubt. He came from Ireland, probably as early 
as 1740, and perhaps after temporary halts at other places, 
finally settled in Pennsylvania only a few miles from 
Philadelphia. It is thought that he married in Ireland, 
but the name of his wife has not been handed down to 
his descendants. 

There is nothing now positively known of the names 
of any of his children except Samuel, about whose name 
there is no doubt whatever, and who was my great-grand- 

Here I will mention the fact that nearly sixty years 
ago, when I was a very small boy, I heard my grand- 
father, Joseph Gass, a son of Samuel, say that he (Joseph) 
had an uncle with Daniel Boone in Kentucky. Now, it is 
a fact well known in Kentucky history, that Miss Jennie 
Gass, a daughter of John Gass, Miss Jemima Boone and a 
Miss Fletcher, while amusing themselves in a boat in 
Kentucky river near the fort at Boonesboro, were sur- 
prised and captured and carried away by a band of In- 
dians. They were pursued and the girls all rescued un- 
harmed. I have always believed that this John Gass was 
the uncle referred to by my grand-father. If so he was 
a brother, probably an older brother, of my great-grand- 
father. Samuel Gass. This appears to me to be a very 
strong case of circumstantial evidence, but in the absence 
of any positive proof connecting us with John Gass, I 
leave the reader to draw his own deductions. 

The name of Gass often appears in the civil and polit- 


The Hughes Family 125 

ical history of Tennessee. John__Gass was one of the 
representatives from Green County in the first General 
Assembly of the State, which convened on March 28, 1796, 
and appears to have been elected to the second and third 
General Assemblies. 

One T. X. Gass represented Rhea County in the Leg- 
islature that was elected in 1880. 

Whether or not any of these were related to Samuel 
I have no means of ascertaining. 

Xow, to return to Samuel Gass. He grew to manhood 
under the parental roof in Pennsylvania, and married 
Xancy Rose, said to be of English parentage. This union 
was blessed with 12 children, given in the order of their 
ages, as follows: 

1 — John. 5 — Hannah. 9 — Peggy. 

2 — Joseph. 6 — Henry. 10 — Samuel. 

3— Mollie. 7— David. 11— Jonathan. 

4— Xancy. 8— Rachel. 12— Bettie. 

The reader will note the fact that there are both a 
John and a Jonathan. It is probable that the correct 
names of Mollie and Peggy were Mary and Margaret re- 
spectively, and that Bettie's name was Elizabeth. 

When the second son, Joseph, my maternal grand- 
father, was about 12 years old, which was about the year 
1796, Samuel left his Pennsylvania home, and following 
the trough-like valleys of the Apalachian chain, as the 
custom with emigrants then, was, he moved down into 
Hawkins County, East Tennessee, and settled on a farm 
on the Xorth Fork of Holston river. 

Here he remained for about 8 years, when about 
1804, he removed to Monroe County, Kentucky. In 1819 
he again took the emigrant trail, moving this time to 
Franklin County, Tennessee. There he bought, and set- 
tled on a farm on Big Crow Creek, where he spent the 
remainder of his life. He died there in 1827. 

Xow, for a brief sketch of the marriages of Samuel's 

Henry, David and Rachel all died unmarried, but as 

126 The Hughes Family 

to the times, places or circumstances of their respective 
deaths, I am wholly unadvised. 

1 — John married Tamar Cheeney in Monroe Co., Ky., 
and afterwards moved to Illinois, after which he disap- 
pears from the family history. 

3 — Mollie married William Condrey in Monroe Co., 
Ky. They spent their lives and died in that county, and 
their descendants, or some of them at least, live there 
now. Mr. Condrey appears to have been a man of con- 
siderable talent, a sort of genius, but very eccentric and 
erratic. He was at one time a captain of militia, and it 
is said would attend the musters, so common in those 
days, dressed in a suit of the finest blue broad cloth regi- 
mentals, epauletts on his shoulders, a military plume in 
his hat, a shining sword by his side and — barefooted. He 
once made the race for the Legislature, but was defeated. 
It has been said that his eccentric acts were the principal 
factor in his defeat. It appears that no one doubted either 
his ability or his integrity. 

4 — Nancy Gass married Job Odell either in Monroe 
Co., Ky., or the adjoining County of Jackson, Tenn. They 
afterwards went West, and were last heard from in Texas. 

5 — Hannah Gass married John Sammonds in Frank- 
lin Co., Tenn., went to Walker Co., Georgia, thence to 
Arkansas, and all trace of them became lost. 

9 — Peggy Gass married William Barnett in Franklin 
County, Tennessee, and afterwards moved to some part of 
Georgia, and nothing more is definitely known of them 
or their descendants. 

10 — Samuel Gass, Jr., married Priscilla Williams in 
Franklin Co., Tenn., and moved to Rutherford Co., Tenn. 
Nothing more is known of them. I recently addressed a 
letter of inquiry to the Sheriff of that county, and received 
the information that nobody bearing the name of Gass 
now lives in his county. 

11 — Jonathan Gass married Mary Crownover in Frank- 
lin Co., Tenn., and is thought to have moved to Alabama, 
and nothing more is known of him. 

And Connections. 127 

12 — Bettie Gass married in Rutherford Co., Term., but 
the name of her husband has been forgotten. At the 
time of her marriage her widowed mother had moved to 
Rutherford Co., Tenn., and she and her mother may have 
been living together, or what is more probable, they may 
have both been living with Samuel. 

2 — Although Joseph Gass was the second one of his 
father's children, I omitted his sketch till the last because 
he being my grand-father, I shall be able to say more 
about him and his posterity than about any of his brothers 
and sisters from the fact that I know more about them. 

While Samuel Gass and his family were residing in 
Monroe Co., Ky., about the year 1811 or '12, Joseph came 
down into Smith County, Tenn., and engaged in making 
saltpeter on Peyton's Creek. Here he met Xancy Griffin 
Boze, a daughter of Hardy Boze. This accidental back- 
woods meeting was the fateful episode that sooner or 
later comes to most men, and women as well. This 
casual acquaintance, formed beneath the umbrageous 
branches of the forest primeval, ripened into friendship, 
and friendship, under the magic spell of tender words, 
met by furtive glances shot out from beneath eyebrows 
that formed a rich setting in a forehead of alabaster, 
whose beauty was heightened by a profusion of blushes, 
such as are never seen except when some coy maiden 
with downcast eyes inclines her head, and for the first 
time in her young life, listens to the rapturous tale of 
love as it is poured into her ears by some manly and stal- 
wart young swain, reached its full fruition, when on the 
30th day of December, 1812, the 'Squire pronounced them 
one; and they faithfully began life's battle with their 
naked hands as their only weapons. 

My grand-father was strictly a farmer. He continued 
to reside in Smith County, Tenn., till 1828, when at the 
request of his mother, he moved to Franklin Co., Tenn., 
and took charge of her farm, his father, as already stated, 
having died the previous year. He remained in Franklin 
Co. till 1832, when he moved back to Smith County, and 

128 The Hughes Family 

bought a farm of about 200 acres from John Cooper, 
father of Timothy Cooper. This farm lay along the east 
bank of Caney Fork River, the lower end of the tract be- 
ing exactly opposite the mouth of Mulherrin's Creek. It 
was a tract of very fertile land. 

My grand-mother died December, 1842, on her 50th 
birthday. He later married Mrs. Elizabeth Hughes, widow 
of my uncle Gideon Hughes and a daughter of Obadiah 
Paris. She died in June, 1856. My grand-father died on 
the night of Oct. 9, 1857, at the age of about 73, having 
spent the last 25 years of his life on his Caney Fork farm 
in quiet retirement, surrounded with comfort and plenty, 
if not in luxury. 

I was in my 14th year when my grand-father Gass 
died. He was the only one of my grand-parents that I 
ever saw, the others all having died before I was born. 
As already stated he was Irish on his father's side and 
English on his mother's, but he possessed all the better 
characteristics of a full-blooded Irishman. The Irish 
brogue could be clearly detected in almost every sentence 
that he uttered, and he was rich in all the better and 
nobler attributes of that remarkable race. He was quick 
to anger, but as quick to forgive. If his language was 
some times more vigorous than classic his intentions were 
always right. 

His education was extremely limited, he being barely 
able to read, and to write a very little; but he was a vora- 
cious reader, and few persons in his community were as 
well informed in history as was he. He was especially 
well versed in the sacred Scriptures, which it was interest- 
ing to hear him discuss. He was never connected with 
any church, but he held religion in the greatest respect 
and reverence. Throughout his entire life he faced the 
pulpit and its worthy ministrants with far greater regular- 
ity than do many church members. He dispensed a plain 
but bountiful hospitality with a liberal hand. His latch- 
string hung ever on the outside; and beneath his humble 
roof, the weary and hungry wayfarer could always find 


And Connections. 129 

both shelter and food sauced with a royal welcome. He 
was a provident husband and father, an obliging neigh- 
bor, a model citizen. I know nothing of the religion of 
his father, but his mother was a devout Baptist. She 
has been described as a very pious and saintly woman. 
How much of his veneration for religion he received at 
her knees, or what influence the infusion of her cool 
English blood wielded in soothing and holding in check 
his mercurial Irish impetuosity may never be known. He 
was the soul of honor. His word was as good as his 
bond, and his bond was as good as the Bank of England. 
Joseph Gass was a diamond in the rough, and there is 
many a rougher diamond. Peace to his ashes! 

There were born of his two marriages 16 children, 
as follows: 

First wife: 

1 — Hardy Boze. 6 — Rufus Perry. 

2 — Henry Douglas. 7 — Luther Bigelow. 

3 — Samuel Rose. 8 — Eliza Ann. 

4 — John David. 9 — Francis Marion. 

5 — Susan. 10 — Jasper Newton. 

11 — Joseph Van Buren. 

Second wife: 
12 — James Paris. 14 — Zachary Taylor. 

13 — William. 15 — Fountain Pitts. 

16 — Richard Barnett. 
1 — Hardy Boze Gass, a farmer, married Mary Lynch. 
She died less than a year after marriage. In January, 1854, 
he married Susan Lea Hughes, youngest child of Leander 
Hughes, Sr. He died in 1887. For their children, see 
sketch of Susan Lea Hughes, Supra. 

2 — Henry Douglas Gass, a farmer all his life, was 
born in Smith Co., Tenn., Dec. 4, 1816, and died at his 
home, 2 miles south of Carthage near Cedar Point church 
Dec. 19, 1894. He was three times married. His first wife 
was Rachel Smith, a first cousin, who was born Dec. 2, 
1824, and to whom he was married July 25, 1844. She died 
in 1852. His second wife was Carey Russ Duncan, a 

130 The Hughes Family 

daughter of John Duncan, born June 10, 1832. This mar- 
riage was in November, 1853. She died June 26, 1865. - He 
next married Anie Bartlett, a daughter of William Bart- 
lett, of Cookville, Tenn., Jan. 3, 1870. The date of her 
birth is not known. She died at the family home near 
Cedar Point church, Smith Co., July 4, 1900. 

The children born of these three marriages were 13, 
as follows: 

First wife: 

a — Nancy Jane. c — Lemuel Augustine. 

b — Joseph Van Rensalaer. d — Mary Owen. 

Second wife: 
e — Margaret Lycity. h — Hardy Columbus. 

f — Rachel. i — Amanda Elizabeth, 

g — William. j — Sarah Eliza. 

Third wife: 
k — James Allen. 1 — Samuel King. m — Virginia. 

a — Nancy Jane Gass was born May 6, 1845. She mar- 
ried Henry Lynch in 1873, who died in 1883. She died in 

b — Joseph Van Ransalaer Gass, a farmer and stone 
mason, was born Nov. 14, 1846. He married his first wife, 
Sarah Jane Andrews, a daughter of Jesse B. Andrews, on 
Dec. 22, 1872. She died, but the date of her death has not 
been learned. He married his second wife, Amanda Jane 
Haynes, Dec. 7, 1880. She died Nov. 23, 1882. His third 
wife was Nannie Fuller, whom he married Feb. 12, 1888. 
She died June 23, 1889. His address is Bluff Creek, Tenn. 
c — Lemuel Augustine Gass was born Nov. 30, 1848. 
He married Mrs. M. V. Cauley, a widow. He died June 
27, 1888. Nothing more is known of his history. 

d — Mary Owen Gass was born in 1849. She died in 
September or October, 1852. 

e — Margaret Lycity Gass was born Nov. 30, 1854. She 
married George Washington Bradley Nov. 13, 1873. He 
died at Riddleton, Tenn., May 17, 1885, at the age of 65. 
Lycity married her second husband, William R. Kittrell, 
Dec. 25, 1901. Address, Bethphage, Tenn. 

And Connections. 131 

f — Rachel Gass was born March 24, 1856. She married 
Lemuel Harrison Gibbs, a son of John and Polly (Paty) 
Gibbs, Dec. 25, 1873. They are cousins twice removed. 
Lemuel is a very prosperous and successful farmer. Ad- 
dress, Bluff Creek, Tenn. 

g— William Gass was born Oct. 15, 1857. He died in 

h — Hardy Columbus Gass was born June 10, 1859. He 
married Effie Lou Blackburn of Hickman, Tenn., Aug. 8, 
1909. He is a farmer. His present address is Brush Creek, 
Tenn., R. F. D. 4. 

i — Amanda Elizabeth Gass was born March 24. 1861. 
She married John Farley March 28, 1882. He was a suc- 
cessful farmer. He died Nov. 10, 1908. His widow's ad- 
dress is Carthage, Tenn. 

j — Sarah Eliza Gass was born Jan. 16, 1863. She mar- 
ried James Duke Skelton, a successful farmer, Oct. 17, 
1880. His address is Bluff Creek, Tenn. 

k — James Allen Gass was born Feb. 10, 1872. He mar- 
ried Ellen Baty in 1909. He is a farmer. Address, Bluff 
Creek, Tenn. 

1 — Samuel King Gass was born June 8, 1873. He mar- 
ried Alta McDonald, a daughter of Brown McDonald, 
Nov. 19. 1896. He is a farmer. Address, Bluff Creek, 

m — Virginia Gass died in early childhood. 

3 — Samuel Rose Gass married Martha Paris, a daugh- 
ter of Jesse Paris, and a grand-daughter of Obadiah Paris, 
about the year 1846 or '47, in Smith Co.. Tenn. He died 
in 1852, leaving 1 child, a daughter, named Mary Dixon, 
who died in 1862. A posthumous child, a son, was born 
Jan 20, 1853, and was named Samuel Rose in honor of his 

Samuel Rose Gass, Jr., is now a prosperous and well- 
to-do farmer in Crittenden Co., Ky. He has been twice 
married. His first wife was Margaret Frances James, a 
daughter of Garry Spencer or Spink James. She died 
April 17, 1879. There were 4 children of this marriage, 

132 The Hughes Family 

all of whom died in childhood. He afterwards married 
Martha Jane Conger, a daughter of Isaac Conger, and a 
sister of J. Frank Conger. The children of this second 
marriage are 9, as follows: 

a — Maggie Lee. e — Nonie. 

b — Mary Ellen. f — John Hester. 

c — Albert Earle. g — Henry Franklin. 

d — Ruby. h — Imogene. 

i — Barney Frazer. 

a — Maggie Lee Gass married Alex Hunt, a son of 
Stewart Patterson (Pony) Hunt. 

b — Mary Ellen Gass married Odie Samuel Woodside, 
a son of Frank Woodside. 

d — Ruby Gass married George Harrison Manly, a son 
of William Manly. 

I presume that all the other children are unmarried. 

4 — John David Gass married Dycie Abner about 1846 
or '47. He lived in Smith Co., Term., till 1870 when he 
moved to Crittenden Co., Ky., where he resided till 
about the year 1880, when he went to some part of Ar- 
kansas, where he died a few years later. His children 
became scattered and all trace of them has been entirely 
lost. His children, as nearly as can now be given, were 8, 
as follows: 

a— Owen Davis. e— Luther Bigelow. 

b— William. f— James. 

c— Eliza. g— Joseph. 

d — Rachel. h — Nannie. 

I am not positively sure about the correctness of the 
last name. 

a — Owen Davis Gass married a Miss Howerton, a 
daughter of Riley Howerton, in Crittenden Co., Ky., and 
went to some part of Missouri, and is said to have en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine. 

b— William Gass married a Miss Salyer in Crittenden 
Co., Ky. She soon afterwards died, and William was last 
heard from somewhere in Arkansas. 

And Connections. 133 

c — Eliza Gass married George Summers, and went to 
Illinois, where they both soon died. 

I know absolutely nothing of the movements of the 
other members of the family. 

5 — Susan Gass was my mother. The name given her 
by her parents, was Susannah, but the last syllable of her 
name was gradually dropped. In the latter years of her 
life she wrote her name Susan, and was known altogether 
by that name. She was born in Smith Co., Tennessee, 
Sept. 9, 1822, and died in Crittenden Co.. Ky.. July 16, 1899. 
She married John James Hughes, in whose sketch will be 
found a full history of her children. 

6 — Rufus Perry Gass was twice married. His first 
wife was Hepsy Duncan, a daughter of John Dunacn, in 
Smith Co., Tenn., in the year 1849. She died about the 
year 1876. About 1879, he married Sallie Gwinn of Liv- 
ingston Co., Ky. He was a farmer. He lived in Smith 
Co., Tenn., till 1862, when he moved to Crittenden Co., 
Ky., where he spent the remainder of his life, except a 
year or two spent in Lyon Co., Ky. He died in the early 
spring of 1897. His children that survived infancy are 11 
in number, 8 of the first marriage and 3 of the second, 
as follows: 

First wife: 
a — Isaac Goodall. e — Lucy Ann. 

b — Lafayette LaVega. f — Cornelia. 

c — Joseph (or Josiah) Allen. g — Thomas, 

d — James Stegar. h — Uriah Burklow. 

Second wife: 
i — David. j — Ludecia Bell. k — Amanda May. 

a — Isaac Goodall Gass is a farmer. He married Re- 
becca Frances Walker, a daughter of Rev. Paul L. H. 
Walker. Address, Marion, Ky. 

Their children are 10, as follows: 

1 — Luther Calvin married Myrtle Wheeler, a daugh- 
ter of Henry Sylvester and Susan Jane Wheeler, 1 child. 
Address, Marion, Ky. 

] 34 The Hughes Family 

2 — Harvey Lee Gass married Elizabeth Massey, 3 chil- 
dren. Address, Marion, Ky. 

3 — Sarah Eveline Gass married C. M. Dillard, 3 chil- 
dren. Address not known. 

4 — Laura Ann Gass married William Turley, 3 chil- 
dren. Address not known. 

5 — Docie May Gass married Albert Crayne, 3 children. 
Address unknown. 

6 — Annie Ellen Gass married Albert Agee. Address 

The remaining 4 children of Isaac G. are Louis F., 
George R. H., Lillie Frances, and Bertha Eunice, all of 
whom I presume are unmarried. 

b — Lafayette La Vega Gass married Rebecca Shew- 
maker, a daughter of William Shewmaker, in Crittenden 
Co., Ky. They moved to Illinois where Lafayette soon 
died, leaving 1 daughter, who has married, but the name 
of her husband is not known. She died soon after her 
marriage, leaving 2 children, names unknown. 

c — Joseph Allen Gass married Mary Etta Johnson, a 
daughter of W. David Johnson. I regret that I have en- 
tirely failed to get any further history of his family except 
the fact that he has 10 children, whose names are not 
known. His address is Marion, Ky. 

d — James Stegar Gass is a farmer. He married Sarah 
Jane McMican, a daughter of Jesse B. McMican. He has 
10 children, as follows: 

George married Scynthia Thomas. The others are 
Ellen, Fred, Minnie, Lucy, Ross, Nola, (Lemon and Lena, 
twins), and Shela. They probably all have second or mid- 
dle names, but, if so, I failed to get them. 

e — Lucy Ann Gass married James Brown, a farmer. 
Address, Enon, Ky. They have 10 children, as follows: 

1 — Nona married Seldon Jennings. 

2 — Josie married Albert Babb. 

3 — Willie married William Taylor. 

The other children are Hugh, Fannie, Lev., Arthur, 
Nellie, Delmer and Lawrence. 

And Connections. 135 

f — Cornelia Gass married Ira King Paris, her cousin, 
whose address is New Middleton, Tenn. 

For a further sketch of Ira K. Paris, see history of 
Eliza Ann Gass, who married John B. Paris, infra. 

g — Thomas Gass married Rose Gahegan. He is a 
farmer, 2 children, names not known. Address not known, 
but probably Marion, Ky. 

h — Uriah Burklow Gass married Bell Jarrett of Jared, 
of Lyon Co., Ky. He has 3 children, names unknown. He 
is a farmer. Address not known. Somewhere in Lyon 
Co., Ky. 

i — David Gass married Allie Woodall, a daughter of 
Christopher Columbus Woodall. He is a teamster. Xo 
children. Address, Marion, Ky 

j — Ludecia Belle Gass married Hilary G. Gilmore, 
1 child, name not known. He is a farmer. Address, Cal- 
houn. Ky.. R. F. D. 3. 

k — Amanda May Gass married Jack Robertson, a 
miner. Address, Fairview. Ills. 3 children: 

1 — Ray. 2 — Anthony. 3 — Xot known. 

7 — Luther Bigelow Gass married Lucinda Abner in 
1849. He died at Gass' Ferry, at the mouth of Mulherrin's 
Creek, in December, 1857. His wife survived him about 
40 years. Their children were 5. as follows: 

a — Louisa. b — Timothy. c — Joseph, 

d — Jasper Xewton. e — Henry Douglas, 

a — Louisa married a man named Rittenberry. His 
present address is not known. 

b — Timothy Gass went to Crittenden Co., Ky., when 
a young man, and married Susan Henrie Thurman, a 
daughter of Robert S. Thurman. He has always been a 
farmer. Address at present is Xew Madrid, Mo. So far 
as I have been able to learn Timothy's children are 4, 
as follows: 

1— Elta L. 3— Bertie. 

2 — Ader. 4 — Daisy. 

1 — Elta L. Gass married Laura Paris, a daughter of 

136 The Hughes Family 

William and Nancy (Swansey) Paris. His address is 
Sykeston, Mo. 

2 — Ader Gass married Josie Radcliffe. His address 
is Sykeston, Mo. 

3 — Bertie married her second cousin, Henry Gass, a 
son of Francis Marion Gass. Address, Henderson, Ky. 

4 — Daisy Gass is not married. She lives with her 

c — Joseph died in 1858 at the age of about 4 or 5. 

d — Jasper Newton Gass married Eliza Jane Dennis 
in Smith Co., Tenn. He is a farmer. His address, New 
Middleton, Tenn. 

e — Henry Douglas Gass married Letha Payne Boze, 
a daughter of Elijah nad Nancy (Paty) Boze. They are 
cousins twice removed. Henr) r is a farmer, but has been 
engaged a part of his life in mercantile business. Address, 
Bluff Creek, Tenn. 

8 — Eliza Ann Paris was born in Franklin Co., Tenn., 
Feb. 16, 1829. She married John Bailey Paris, a son of 
Obadiah and Judith (Gaulden) Paris, about 1844. Mr. 
Paris was born in Smith Co., Tenn., on April 30, 1825, on 
what is known as Paris' Branch, a short 2 miles east of 
New Middleton, Tenn. He spent his entire life on the 
paternal homestead, and died there Sept. 5, 1887. His 
wife died at the same place Aug. 5, 1909. 

Their children that survived the age of childhood were 
8, as follows: 

a — Obadiah. e — Nancy Jane, 

b — Jettie Ann Victoria. f — Ira King, 

c — James Henry. g — Robert Sherman, 

d — Samuel Gass. h — Jesse Barnett. 

a — Obadiah Paris was- born May 9, 1846. He married 
Sarah Baird, a daughter of Jeremy and Delilah (Paris) 
Baird. in 1863. They were cousins twice removed. Sarah 
died about 1907. Obadiah has been a life-long farmer. 
His address is New Middleton, Tenn. Their children are 
6, as follows: 


And Connections. 137 

1 — Lucy Jane. 4 — Callie Janetta. 

2 — Martha Ann. 5 — James Albert. 

3 — William Henry. 6 — Kate May. 

1 — Lucy Jane married Shed Parker, a farmer. Ad- 
dress, New Middleton, Tenn. 

2 — Martha Ann married James Winfrey, a son of Ben- 
nett Winfrey. She has been dead several years, left 1 
child, a son. 

3 — William Henry Paris married Mattie McDonald, a 
daughter of Brown McDonald. She soon died, and he 
married again, but name of his second wife is not known. 
She also is dead. At last advices he was still a widower. 

4 — Callie Janetta married a Mr. Agee, first name not 

5 & 6 — James Albert and Kate May are married, but 
the names of their companions are not known. So far as 
I am advised all of the above receive their mail at New 
Middleton, Tenn. 

b — Jettie Ann Victoria Paris was born Oct. 9, 1848. 
She married Benjamin Franklin Thomas, a son of Solo- 
mon Thomas, in 1863 or '64. Jettie died July 11, 1895. 
Mr. Thomas has been a farmer all his life. His last known 
address was Alexandria, Tenn. 

The children of this marriage are 7, as follows: 
1 — Andrew Jackson. 4 — Effie Jane. 

2 — Mary Eliza. 5 — Robert King. 

3 — John Solomon. 6 — Benjamin Garfield. 

7— Myrtle. 
All living except Benjamin Garfield, who died at the 
age of 17. 

3 — John Solomon married Lula McDowell, a daughter 
of Jasper McDowell. Address, Marion, Ky. I am not 
advised as to any other marriages. 

c — James Henry Paris was born Jan. 23, 1850. He 
has been a farmer and saw mill man, and has followed 
some other pursuits. In 1871, about February, he married 
Eliza James, a daughter of B. Smith James in Crittenden 

138 The Hughes Family 

Co., Ky. His present address is not known. His children 
are 8, as follows: 

1 — Sarah Belle. 5 — William Franklin. 

2 — John Smith. 6 — Henry Clarence. 

3 — George Xathan. 7 — Minnie Jane. 
4 — Louis. 8 — Robert Kelley. 

All living and all married except Henry Clarence. I 
have the marriage accounts of only the following three: 

1 — Sarah Belle Paris married James Prowell. 

2 — John married a daughter of Bethel McDonald, and 
lives somewhere in the West. 

3 — George Xathan married a daughter of James Mas- 

d — Samuel Gass Paris was born July 11, 1852. He 
never married. He spent his life with his parents and 
brothers and sisters. He died Ma}' 19, 1908. 

e — Nancy Jane Paris was born Oct. 19, 1860. She 
married William Daniel James, a son of Bethel and Mar- 
tha (Paris) James, Dec. 25, 1878. They were cousins twice 
removed. She died May 15, 1907. Address of William 
Daniel is either Annora or Crayneville, Ky. Their chil- 
dren are 4, as follows: 

1 — Althea Lee. 3 — John W T ade. 

2 — Walter Seay. 4 — Mattie Jane. 

1 — Althea Lee married Silas McMurry Gass, a son of 
James P. and Mary (Lynn) Gass. They are cousins twice 
removed. Address, Marion, Ky. 

2 — Walter Seay and 4 — Mattie Jane James married 
children of Rev. Henry Holloman. of Annora, Ky., which 
is their address. 

So far as I know. John Wade James is not married. 

f — Ira King Paris was born June 13, 1865. He mar- 
ried his cousin Cornelia Gass, a daughter of Rufus P. and 
Hepsy (Duncan) Gass, Dec. 25, 1887. He is a farmer, 
owns and lives upon the old Paris homestead. Address, 
Xew Middleton, Tenn. Their children are 4: 

1 — John James. 2 — Julia Belle. 3 — Ella. 4 — Josie. 

All unmarried and with their parents. 

And Connections. 139 

g — Robert Sherman Paris was born Dec. 25, 1867. He 
married Mrs. Mary Thomas, a widow in Hopkins Co., Ky., 
Xov. 1, 1893. Her first or maiden name was Mary Melton. 
Robert's occupation, stationary engineer. Address, Mad- 
isonville, Ky. 

h — Jesse Barnett Paris was born Jan. 31, 1869. On 
Aug. 21, 1897, he married Melone Roberts, a daughter of 
Oliver Roberts. He is a farmer. Address, New Middle- 
ton, Tenn. 

9 — Francis Marion Gass was born about 1832 or '33. 
He was twice married. His first wife was his second 
cousin, Mary Gibbs, a daughter of John Gibbs, in Smith 
Co., Tenn., whom he married in 1856. She died in Crit- 
tenden Co., Ky., in the autumn of 1865. In the fall of 
1867, Francis returned to Smith Co., Tenn., from which 
he had come in the winter of 1862-3. 

Some time in 1873, he married his second wife, 
Millie Bartlett a daughter of William Bartlett, and a sister 
of his brother, Henry D. Gass' last wife. He was always 
a farmer. He died Feb. 1, 1908, near Stonewall, Tenn. 
His children were 8, as follows: 

First wife: 
a — Susan. b — Josiah. c — William. 

Second wife: 

d — Mary L. e — Angeline. f — Henry E. 

g — Nathan. h — James D. 

a — Susan Gass married a Mr. Cauley. and went to 
Texas. She has a large family of children. Nothing more 
is known concerning her. 

b & c — Josiah and William Gass both died unmarried 
after they reached the age of manhood. 

d — Mary L. Gass was born in Smith County, Tenn., 
March 11, 1874. She married Mack Vaden in 1892. She 
has 7 children, 2 daughters and 5 sons, names unknown. 
Mr. Vaden is a farmer. Address, probably Stonewall, 

e — Angeline Gass was born in Smith Co., Tenn., Sept. 

140 The Hughes Family 

21, 1875. She married Henry H. Lynch, a farmer, in 1895. 
She has 5 children, 2 boys and 3 girls. 

f — Henry E. Gass was born in Putnam Co., Tenn., 
Nov. 23, 1877. He married Bertie L. Gass, a daughter of 
Timothy L. Gass, in Crittenden Co., Ky., in 1902. 

g — Nathan Gass was born in DeKalb Co., Tenn., June 
23, 1880. He is a mechanic, and at present is Foreman in 
the Repair Department of Delker Bros.' Buggy Co. at 
Henderson, Ky. He married Esther F. Ligon at Hen- 
derson, Ky., Dec. 25, 1904. They have 1 child, Ernest L. 
Gass, born July 9, 1908. 

h — James D. Gass was born in DeKalb Co., Tenn., 
June 11, 1884. He is unmarried, and lives in or near Tyler, 

10 — Jasper Newton Gass was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
about the year 1833. He was a farmer all his life. He 
never married. He died on his farm about 2 miles south- 
east of Marion, Ky., in September, 1905. 

11 — Joseph Van Buren Gass was born in Smith Co., 
Tenn., about the year 1836. He moved to Crittenden Co., 
Ky., in 1859. In that county he married Nancy Marvel in 
1861. In 1869, he went to Kansas, and after a short stay 
started back, and at some point in Western Missouri in 
getting his rifle out of his wagon to shoot at a deer that 
was running past the gun was accidentally discharged, he 
was shot through the head and instantly killed. His wife 
made her way back to Crittenden Co., Ky., with their 4 
children. They were: 

a — Mary Green. c — William. 

b — Fountain Pitts. d — James. 

1 — Mary Green Gass married William Henry Hughes 
(generally called Bud), a son of J. Harvey Hughes, near 
Weston, Crittenden Co.. Ky. He was a farmer and a very 
excellent man. He was not related to our family of 
Hugheses. He died very early in life. Her children are 
3 in number. 1 daughter and 2 sons I have been unable 
to obtain their names. Mary Green lives at Weston, Ky. 

And Connections. 141 

2 — Fountain Pitts was somewhere in Illinois when 
last heard from. 

3 — William Gass never married. He was engaged in 
teaming when he died about the year 1893. 

4 — James Gass was last heard from in Eastern Ken- 
tucky. So far as known he has never married. 

This closes the sketch of the children of the first wife 
of Joseph Gass. 

12 — James Paris Gass, oldest child of Joseph Gass and 
his second wife, Elizabeth (Paris) Gass, was born in Smith 
Co., Tenn., Sept. 13. 1845. On Sept. 2, 1868, he married 
Mary Jane Lynn, a daughter of Xewton Lynn. She died 
Jan. 28, 1877. On Jan. 16, 1878, he married his cousin, 
Judith Clay Paris, a daughter of Pleasant and Nancy 
Paris. James P. has always followed the business of farm- 
ing. His address is Marion, Ky. 

The children of these two marriages have been 6 
as follows: 

First wife: 

a — Emily Elizabeth. b — Richard Barnett. 

c — Silas McMurray. 

Second wife: 

d — Hardy Boze. e — Joseph Cecil. 

f — Lena Ellen. 

a — Emily Elizabeth Gass was born July 12, 1869. She 
married Wyatt Lafayette Hunt, a son of John and Sallie 
(Paris) Hunt. He is a farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

b — Richard Barnett Gass was born July 18, 1871, and 
died Nov. 6, 1874. 

c — Silas McMurray Gass was born in Crittenden Co., 
Ky., March 3. 1875. He married Althea Lee James, a 
daughter of William Daniel and Xancy Jane (Paris) 
James. They are cousins three times removed. 

d — Hardy Boze Gass was born Dec. 10, 1880. He 
married Xonie Crayne, a daughter of Joseph A. Crayne. 
He is a farmer. Address, Marion, Ky. 

e — Joseph Cecil Gass was born July 4, 1885. He died 
July 19, 1896. 

142 The Hughes Family 

f — Lena Ellen Gass was born May 28, 1894, and died 
May 7, 1905. 

13 & 14 — William and Zachary Taylor Gass both died 
in early childhood about 1850 or '51. 

15 — Fountain Pitts Gass was taken in 1860 to Western 
Missouri by his half-brother, Leander Hughes, who was 
his guardian. He died there at the age of about 14, I 
think in the early part of the Civil War. 

16 — Richard Barnett Gass, youngest of Joseph Gass' 
children, was born in Smith County, Tenn., June 5, 1851. 
He attended school at the Masonic Institute at New Mid- 
dleton, Tenn., and recived a good education. He spent a 
few years in the mercantile business, but the greater part 
of his life has been spent in teaching in Smith Co., Tenn., 
and Crittenden Co., Ky. He moved in 1885 from the for- 
mer to the latter, where he resided till about 1900 when he 
received an appointment in the U. S. Internal Revenue 
service as Storekeeper-Gauger, and soon afterwards moved 
to Henderson, Ky., where he still resides, and still holds 
his position in the public service. He has been twice 
married. His first wife was Margaret Elizabeth Twidwell, 
a daughter of George W. and Mary (Paris) Twidwell. 
They were second cousins. They married in Smith Co., 
Tenn., April 27, 1870. Margaret died in Henderson, Ky., 
April 1, 1909. The second wife was Mrs. Sarah Jane 
McCoy, a widow, in Henderson, Ky., whom he married 
on April 9, 1910. Her name before her first marriage was 
Smith. She was a daughter of Charles Smith, of Butler 
Co., Ky. She has 2 children of the first marriage, as 

1— Zula G McCoy. 2— Vernon \\ T . McCoy. 

His children, all of the first marriage are 6, as follow-: 
a — Martha Jane. d — Joseph Garfield, 

b — Lina Elizabeth. e — Alvin Hawkins, 

c — George Arthur. f — Lacy McKinley. 

a — Martha Jane Gass (generally called Mattie) was 
born in Smith Co., Tenn., Aug. 8, 1873. She married 
Charles McMican in Crittenden Co., Ky. She died in that 

And Connections. 143 

county on Aug. 12, 1895, leaving 1 child, a son, named 
Oliver Perry McMican. From the time of his mother's 
death, his home has been with his grand-father Gass. He 
is now a bright and promising boy of 15. He holds the 
position of assistant cashier in the People's Savings Bank 
at Henderson, Ky. 

b — Lina Elizabeth Gass was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
April 21, 1877. She married Joshua Condor in Henderson, 
Ky., Dec. 24, 1905. Mr. Condor is a mechanic. Xo chil- 
dren. Address, Henderson, Ky. 

c — George Arthur Gass was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
June 13, 1879. He married Florence Ligon in Henderson. 
Ky., in September, 1905. He died in Henderson, Ky., 
July 16, 19C6, leaving no children. 

d — Joseph Garfield Gass was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
Sept. 20, 1881. He married Blanche Melton in Henderson, 
Ky., in November, 1905. He was a mechanic. He died in 
Henderson, Ky., Nov. 13, 1907, leaving 1 child, a son, 
named Vilas x\rthur. The widow lives at Henderson, Ky. 

e — Alvin Hawkins Gass was born in Crittenden Co.. 
Ky., May 4. 1887. He married Annie Ligon Oct. 2. 1907. 
He is a mechanic and street car man. Address, Hender- 
son, Ky. There is 1 child of this marriage, named Mar- 
garet Iola. 

f — Lacy McKinley Gass, the youngest child of Richard 
Barnett Gass, was born in January, 1894, and died when 
about one year old. 

This closes the record of the Gass family. 


John Boze and Katy Wells. 

John Boze was a poor country boy, reared and har- 
dened for the most strenuous duties of life, amid the 
mountains of Eastern Wales. Just across the boundary 
line in England lived pretty Katy Wells. John loved 
Katy and Katy loved John; but John's family was poor 
while Katy's was rich, or at least it was more pretentious 
than John's, and Katy's parents set the ban of their dis- 
approval upon the fondness of the young couple for each 
other. With haughty pride they reminded Katy of the 
great gulf that lay between her and John Boze, and finally 
forbade the boy to again approach the Wells mansion. 

Here we have a striking exemplification of the old 
alliterative adage, "love laughs at lock-smiths." When 
the young couple had exhausted all other resources, had 
used every argument to obtain the parental consent, they 
secretly bade farewell to the home of their childhood, to 
the dear green hills and purling crystal streams of Corn- 
wall and of Wales, the scenes that they loved so well, 
that had become a part of their being, but which they were 
destined never again to behold; and made their way to the 
coast, and took shipping for America. After the usual 
incidents attending a trip across the Atlantic in an old- 
time sail vessel, they landed with empty pockets, but 
bouyant spirits, in Virginia, most probably at Norfolk, 
where they were married in simple American style. Either 
then or later, they pushed westward, probably by suc- 
cessive moves till they reached Halifax county, then 
practically an unbroken wilderness. This was about the 
year 1750, or probably a few years later. Here in the 
very lap of nature, inhaling the sweetness of the wild 
rose, together with an abundance of malaria, serenaded 



The Hughes Family 145 

by wolves at night, and regaled by the song of the mock- 
ing bird in the morning, poor in purse, but with the love 
and fear of God in their hearts, they passed the remainder 
of their lives. To this marriage were born 4 children, 3 
sons and 1 daughter, as follows: 

1 — Richard. 3 — Hardy. 

2— Griffin. 4— Katie or Kittie. 

When the war for Ameriacn independence commenced 
John and the two oldest sons, Richard and Griffin all en- 
listed in the American army, and according to the family 
tradition, served through the war. It is certainly true 
that they all enlisted and served long terms whether they 
served entirely through the war or not. Hardy, the young- 
est son, offered to enlist, but was rejected on account 
of his age, he being only 13 at the time. He remained 
at home, and took care of his mother and sister, as well, 
perhaps, as could be expected of a boy of his age. He 
was my maternal great-grand-father. It appears that 
later in life Hardy served in some of the Indian wars, and 
tradition says that he served in the War of 1812. 

After the close of the Revolutionary War, the father 
and the two older boys returned home. The father died 
soon after, and Richard and Griffin married, but I have 
not learned the names of their wives, nor do I know any- 
thing further oi their history. I think they spent their 
entire lives in Virginia. Kitty married John or Jack Hast- 
ings. Her son, Jack Hastings, married in Virginia, and 
afterwards moved to Smith Co., Tenn., and remained 
there a while, but appears to have moved away, and all 
trace of him and his descendants has been lost. 

Hardy, after the death of his father, was apprenticed 
to a carpenter, and after serving out his apprenticeship, 
married Peggy Brooks, whose parents were English, and 
about the time of his marriage, or soon after, he moved 
westward from Halifax to Lunenburg Co., Va. In the 
year 1804, he having then been married about 13 or 14 
years, started on the long, toilsome and dangerous jour- 
ney of several hundred miles, through gloomy forest soli- 

146 The Hughes Family 

tudes, over rugged mountains and across unbridged 
streams, to Smith Co., Tenn., then little more than a wil- 
derness. The greater part of the country through which 
he passed was very sparsely inhabited, while there were 
long stretches without a human habitation. The mountain 
fastnesses were infested with bands of robbers that ren- 
dered travel very unsafe. The country was almost des- 
titute of roads, each emigrant getting over them as best 
he could, doing only so much work as would enable him 
to pass, and leaving the next man to take care of himself. 

The usual lines of travel at that day lay almost direct- 
ly across the labyrinth of parallel ridges that constitute the 
Appalachian chain. After crossing a valley, the emigrant 
would hunt for a place where a creek debouched into the 
valley, and would follow that stream, some times on one 
side, and again on the other, clinging to the mountain 
side, men, women and children pushing to assist the team 
in ascending, often using guy ropes to prevent the vehicle 
from turning over, and rolling down the mountain side. 
When the summit was reached, the team would frequently 
be detached from the wagon, and while one strong man 
would manipulate the tongue, all hands, with ropes and 
every available means, would ease the vehicle down. 

In crossing one of the many ranges, I think it was the 
Cumberland mountain, grand-father Boze's wagon was 
overturned, and his oldest child, Nancy Griffin, my grand- 
mother, then 12 years old, had her right arm broken. Here 
we have an eloquent reminder of the toils, hardships, 
privations, dangers and sufferings that were endured by 
those men, wome nand children that by incredible toil 
and suffering made possible the happiness and prosperity 
that we now enjoy. With few exceptions, they belonged 
to that brave, hardy, large-hearted, unselfish, uncomplain- 
ing, heroic class of men and women that in all the ages, 
have led the van of civilization, and laid deep and strong, 
the foundations of empire. For the benefit of posterity, 
they sail the stormy deep. They land upon unknown 
shores, and invade and subdue the rugged and stubborn 


And Connections. 147 

forces of nature. They clear away the tangled brake, level 
the forest, tunnel the mountains and bridge the rivers. 
They cause populous and opulent cities to rise where 
erstwhile was heard only the howling of wild beasts and 
the still more hideous yell of the savage; they make the 
desert to bloom like a flower garden. With bleeding feet 
they tread down the thorns where succeeding generations 
in satin slippers walk daintily over beds of roses. 

Here was this child of tender years with her arm 
broken in the midst of a howling wilderness, without the 
chance of medical or surgical treatment except such as 
the family with clumsy, though loving hands, could give. 
It is very probable that that arm was not seen by a physi- 
cian or surgeon till the time had been reached when all 
professional treatment must be unavailing. At the time 
of the accident weeks of travel yet lay before them, all of 
which must be made through a forest, dotted by a small 
clearing and a cabin only at long intervals, the poor child 
sustaining several jolts for each revolution of the wheel, 
and in a clumsy, rumbling vehicle, compared with which 
a modern log wagon would be preferable for easy riding. 
Under all these incredible difficulties this child must 
traverse all those long weary miles, often, no doubt, com- 
pelled to walk long distances with her arm in a sling. Out 
of all these sufferings she came seriously crippled for life. 
To the time of her death she had only a partial use of 
her right arm. 

At last their Western home was reached, and what 
was that home? A camp-fire in the midst of gloomy 
forests, and interminable cane brakes, but with a soil of 
unsurpassed fertility, and pure, crystal spring water with- 
out stint. 

"A solitude of vast extent, untouched 
By hand, of art; where nature sow'd herself, 
And reap'd her crops." 

Hardy Boze appears to have settled down first on the 

lorth side of the Cumberland river, which divides Smith 

County, running west. At some later period, but exactly 


148 The Hughes Family 

when I do not know, he moved over to the south side 
and settled on the Caney Fork opposite the mouth of 
Bluff Creek, and about 3 miles from Carthage. Here he 
lived till after the death of his wife. Some years 
after her death he abandoned housekeeping, and spent 
the remainder of his life with his children. He died 
in the late summer of 1850. His age at the time of his 
death was between 85 and 90. The remains of both his 
wife and himself repose in the quiet, secluded, old-fash- 
ioned graveyard on the bank of the Caney Fork at the 
head of Pipers Island not exceeding 200 yards from the 
spot where stood the house in which they lived so long. 
He lived a most exemplary and blameless life, but was not 
a success in the accumulation of worldly pelf. He died a 
poor man; but he has a large number of descendants in 
that locality that have proven to be very thrifty, success- 
ful men. 

Hardy Boze reared a family of 12 children, 5 sons and 
7 daughters. Named as nearly in the order of their ages 
as can now be ascertained, they were as follows: 

1 — Xancy Griffin. 7 — Ann. 

2 — Susan. 8 — Judith. 

3 — Peggy. 9 — James. 

4— Katy. 10— Richard. 

5— John. 11— Millie. 

6 — William. 12 — Josiah. 

1 — Xancy Griffin married Joseph Gass. The sketch 
of her marriad life will be found under head of Joseph 
Gass, Supra. 

2 — Susan Boze married Joseph Smith. The family 
moved to Missouri, but returned. I think, however, that 
Mr. Smith died in Missouri. Children 5, as follows: 

a — John Hardy. c — Margaret or Peggy. 

b — Joseph. d — Rachel, 

e — Eleazar. 

a — John Hardy Smith married Susan Gellaspe. Hej 
was a farmer and trader, a prominent citizen. He served( 
as constable, and was Sheriff from 1866 to '68. 

And Connections. 149 

b — Joseph Smith married Xancy Gibbs, his cousin. He 
lost his life during the Civil War. The children of this 
marriage were 10, as follows: 

1 — Eleazer. 2 — Paralee. 3 — Sarah Jane. 

4 — Americus. 5 — Joe Henry. 6 — Tennessee. 

7 — Richard. 8 — Frederick. 9 — Eveline. 

10 — Emeline. 
c — Peggy Smith married Americus D. Boulton, her 
cousin. Their children were 4, as follows: 

1 — Edward Haney. 3 — Xapoleon Bonaparte. 

2 — Isaac. 4 — Virginia. 

d — Rachel Smith married Henry Douglas Gass, her 
cousin. For their children see Henry Douglass Gass, 

e — Eleazer Smith was married, I think, 3 times or 
more. His first wife was a Miss Whitley, his second, a 
Miss Lack, and his third a Miss Hunt. 

3 — Peggy Boze married Archibald Gibbs. She died 
about the year 1858 or '59, having survived her husband 
several years. Her children were 11. I give them below, 
but I can not say that the list is in the exact order of 
their ages. I think it is approximately so: 

a — John. f — Rachel, 

b — William. g — Judith. 

c — Ann. h — Fannie. 

d — Nancy. i — Frederick, 

e — Henry. j — Josiah. 

k — Richard, 
a — John Gibbs was a very prosperous and successful 
farmer. He lived on a very fertile farm on the Caney 
Fork about 2 miles from Carthage on the road leading 
from Cedar Point church to the mouth of the Caney Fork. 
He died more than 30 years ago. I regret that I have not 
the exact date. He was twice married. His first wife was 
Huldah or Mahulda Perkins. His second was Polly Paty. 
.ie children of the two marriages were 7, as follows: 

First wife: 
! 1 — Mary. 2 — Martha. 

150 The Hughes Family 

Second wife: 
3 — James Carroll. 5 — Margaret Elizabeth. 

4 — Van Allen. 6 — Lemuel Harrison. 

7 — Alexander. 

1 — Mary Gibbs married Francis Marion Gass, her 
second cousin. See sketch of Francis Marion Gass. 

2 — Martha Gibbs married Thomas Henry Hughes. See 
sketch of Thomas Henry Hughes. 

3 — James Carroll Gibbs married Patsey Petty, a daugh- 
ter of Henderson Petty. He is a very progressive and 
successful farmer. Address, Bluff Creek, Tennessee. 

4 — Van Allen Gibbs married Mrs. Letitia Herald, a 
daughter of Lawson Allen, who had first married Bridges 
Herald, a son of Van Herald. He is a thrifty farmer. Ad- 
dress Bluff Creek, Tenn. 

5 — Margaret Elizabeth Gibbs married James Moss, of 
Gordonsville, Tenn. 

6 — Lemuel Harrison Gibbs married Rachel Gass, a 
daughter of Henry Douglas Gass, and his second wife, 
Carey (Duncan) Gass. See sketch of Henry Douglas Gass. 

7 — Alexander Gibbs married Judith Gibbs, a daughter 
of Felix Gibbs. They are second cousins. 

b — William Gibbs was married 3 times. His first wife 
was Hepsy Vaden, a daughter of John L. Vaden. His 
second was the widow of Robert Vaden, his first wife's 
brother. I have not been informed as to her name before 
marriage or her Christian name. His third was Martha 
Cox. He was a thrifty, well-to-do farmer. He died 
Nov. 30, 1908, at the advanced age of 94 years. 

c — Ann Gibbs married John Jones. He was a farmer 
and a provident man. Both he and his wife died many 
years ago. 

d — Nancy Gibbs married Joseph Smith, her cousin. I 
have been fortunate enough to get a list of their 10 chil- 
dren which have been given under the head of Joseph 

e — Henry Gibbs, generally called Tobe, was twic( 
married. His first wife was Harriet Whitley. His secon 

And Connections. 151 

was Martha Stallings. He was an industrious and suc- 
cessful farmer. 

f — Rachel Gibbs married James Cooper. Their chil- 
dren were 6, as follows: 

1 — Timothy. 2 — Francis. 3 — Joe. 

4 — Frederick. 5 — Richard. 6 — Amanda. 

It is very probable that at least some of the above 
have middle names, but if so I have failed to get them. 

g — Judith Gibbs never married. She died many years 

h — Fannie Gibbs, the only one of her mother's chil- 
dren now living, married William Boze, her cousin. He 
was a son of Richard Boze. They live in Missouri. There 
were 3 children: 

1 — Josiah. 2 — James. 3 — Barbara, 

i — Frederick Gibbs married Kizie Lynch. He lost an 
arm in the Confederate army. He died at the Confederate 
Soldiers' Home near Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 25, 1908. 

j — Josiah Gibbs died unmarried just as he reached 
manhood, about 1857 or '58. 

k — Richard Gibbs married Tennessee Wagoner, a 
daughter of Jacob Wagoner. He died several years ago. 
His children are 5, as follows: 

1— Lee. 2— Richard. 3— Hettie. 

4 — Maggie. 5 — Mary Herschel. 

4 — Katy Boze married Charles Boulton. He was a 
well-to-do farmer, who lived in Bolton's Bend, on Caney 
Fork, on an exceedingly fertile farm of several hundred 
acres. He owned a large number of slaves, to whom he 
was always kind and considerate. He died in 1857. His 
wife survived him several years. Their children were 10 
in number, 5 sons and 5 daughters, as follows: 

a — Hanse. f — Pernetie or Pernecie. 

b — Americus D. g — Araminta Cheek, 

c — James. t — Judith. 

d — Charles. i — Arlisha. 

e — Thomas Jefferson. j — Emily. 
Taking the whole family, the above list does not show 

152 The Hughes Family 

the order of age. The sons and the daughters were given 
me separate, and of course their births did not occur, as 
the above list would indicate. 

a — Hanse Boulton married Mary M. Mann, a daugh- 
ter of Stephen Mann, Sr. He moved to Missouri or Texas 
between 1855 and '60. Nothing more is known of him. 

b — Americus D. Boulton first married Peggy Smith, his 
cousin. After her death he married Mrs. Eveline Hughes, 
widow of Samuel B. Hughes and a daughter of James 
Boulton. They were first cousins. He died about the 
close of the Civil War. 

c — James Boulton was three times married. His first 
wife was Betsy Armistead, a sister of Alex, Joe and John 
Armistead. H's second wife was Betty, a daughter of 
James Sanders. His third wife was Scynthia Hale. He 
is still living in Smith Co., Tenn., at the age of 86. 

d — Charles Boulton married Martha Taylor, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Taylor. He went to Missouri more than 
50 years ago. 

e — Thomas Jefferson Boulton married Sarah Phene 
Ellen Andrews, a daughter of Jesse B. Andrews. He 
went to Missouri more than 50 years ago 

f — Pernetie married George McGee. She died nearly 
or quite 60 years ago in Smith County, Tenn. 

g — Araminta Boulton married Henry Jefferson Per- 
kins, a most excellent man, a farmer, who spent the last 
30 years or more of his life at Stonewall, Tenn. He sur- 
vived his wife, and married a second time. Araminta is 
the only one of her father's family, a list of whose chil- 
dren has been furnished me. They are 12 as follows: 
1 — William Robinson. 7 — Gabriel Alexander. 

2 — Frances Elizabeth. 8 — Josiah Hallum. 

3 — Felix Grundy. 9 — Judith Hatton. 

4 — Charlottie Temple. 10 — Martha Lee. 
5 — Henry Boulton. 11 — Amelia Catharine. 

6 — Mary Susan. 12 — Charles Thomas. 

1 — William Robinson Perkins is not married. Occu- 
pation, a farmer and teacher. Address, Stonewall, Tenn 



And Connections. 153 

2 — Frances Elizabeth Perkins married James Americus 
Durham, a physician. He died July 3, 1910. 

3 — Felix Grundy Perkins married Frances Elizabeth 
Gordon, a daughter of Mathew Alexander Gordon. She 
died about 1875. He is a farmer. Address, Stonewall, 

4 — Charlottie Temple Perkins married David Nichols. 
He died at Cowlington, Indian Territory. He was a far- 
mer. It appears that his wife is also dead. 

5 — Henry Boulton Perkins married Cassie Meachum. 
He is a farmer. Address, Hartsville, Tenn. 

6 — Mary Susan Perkins married John Cowin. She 
died near Chestnut Mound, Tenn. Mr. Cowin's address 
is Hartsville, Tenn. 

7 — Gabriel Alexander Perkins married first Mollie 
Adams; second Mrs. Minnie Woods, both of California. 
He is a real estate agent. Address, Madeira, California. 

8 — Josiah Hallum Perkins married Mary Farmer. He 
is a farmer. Address, La Junta, Colorado. 

9 — Judith Hatton Perkins married John Gordon, old- 
est son of Matthew Alexander Gordon. He died at 
Madeira, California, in the fall of 1909. 

10 — Martha Lee Perkins married Marshall Meachum. 
Address, Stonewall, Tenn. 

11 — Amelia Catharine Perkins was twice married. Her 
first husband was William Minton, a grand-son of Thomas 
Minton. Her second husband was Albert White, of San 
Francisco, Cal. 

12 — Charles Thomas Perkins married Eva Ligon, a 
daughter of Lafayette Ligon. 

h — Judith Boulton was twice married. She first mar- 
ried Joseph Armistead, a brother of Alex. Armistead. He 
died about 1857 or '58. Her second husband was Andrew 

i — Arlisha Boulton married John Andrews. She was 
his second wife. She died in Caldwell Co., Ky., many 
years ago. 

154 The Hughes Family 

J — Emily Boulton married James Solomon Thompson, 
generally called Tine Thompson. 

5 — John Boze married first Sallie Perkins, second Par- 
thenia Brown. I know nothing of his children. 

6— William Boze married Mrs. Betsie McGee, a widow, 
the mother of John, George and Hiram McGee. They 
had no children. 

7— Ann Boze married Christopher Wyatt. Soon after 
her marriage, while passing under Dripping Rock bluff on 
the Caney Fork, over a narrow and precareous foot- 
path, accompanied only by her aged mother, she lost her 
footing, fell into the river, which at that point is both deep 
and swift, and drowned before aid could reach her. She 
left no children. 

8— Judith Boze married Philip Gaulden. They moved 
away from Smith Co., Tenn., and I know nothing further 
concerning their history. 

9 James Boze was twice married. His first wife was 
Eliza Brown. His second was Lucy Parrott, a daughter 
of Benjamin Parrott. James Boze moved to Southeast 
Missouri about 1848. 

10 Richard Boze married Mary Ann Brown. He 
moved to Southeast Missouri about 1851. 

11— Millie Boze married John O. Paty. They moved 
to Southeast Missouri about 1870. 

12— Josiah Boze married Parthenia Fulks. He moved 
to Southeast Missouri about 1853 or '54. 

The 3 women named Brown, that married John, James 
and Richard Boze. respectively, were sisters. They were 
daughters of William Brown (Uncle Billy). 

This closes the very brief account of the children of 
my maternal great-grand-father. Hardy Boze. I regret 
that I could not give more information concerning their 
children, but it was impossible for me to do so. 


John Ward and Holly Mangrum. 

Because of the extensive and intimate relationship ex- 
isting between the Hughes and Ward families I give below 
a very brief history of the older members of the latter 
family, although they were primarily not related at all 
to our family. 

In the days of the cane brakes, not far from the year 
1800, John Ward came from Eastern Virginia to Smith 
Co., Tenn., and settled in the wilderness about \ x /i miles 
west of the home of John Gordon, around which, in later 
years, grew up the thriving village of Gordonsville. Either 
before or soon after Mr. Ward made his settlement as 
stated, a road was opened from Trousdale's ferry to Nash- 
ville. This road ran along the south side of his farm. At 
some time about that period a road was opened from 
Carthage to Gordon's. That road ran along the east 
or north-east side of his farm, intersecting the other road 
at the south-east corner of the W'ard land. Thus was the 
/ Ward place situated in the angle formed by these two 
roads. The farm is now the property of Thomas J. Win- 

Before coming to Smith County, Mr. Ward had mar- 
ried Holly Mangrum in Virginia. She appears to have 
, been the only child of Mourning Mangrum. The name of 
Mourning Mangrum before her first marriage and the 
Christian name of her husband are both unknown to the 
writer. After the death of Mr. Mangrum, the widow mar- 
ried James Thomas, and became the mother of Champion 
T., Diggs W. and Solomon Thomas, all well known in 
Smith Co., Tenn., from 50 to 60 years ago. Diggs W- 
married Judith Paris, a daughter of Obadiah Paris, reared 
a large family, and moved to Johnson Co., Mo., in 1855. 


156 The Hughes Family 

There he passed the remainder of his life. Champion and 
Solomon spent their entire lives in Smith Co., Tenn. 

Now, to return to John and Holly Ward. Like so 
many of the men that settled and helped to mould the 
future destiny of that country, and to stamp their imper- 
ishable impress upon it, Mr. Ward appears to have been 
a man of unblemished character and sterling qualities. He 
and his wife spent the last half century of their lives on 
the farm that I have tried to describe. There Mr. Ward 
died Dec. 6, 1847, and his wife, Holly on Aug. 14, 1855. I 
regret that I have not the dates of their births. Mrs. 
Ward's mother, Mrs. Mourning Thomas, died at a very 
advanced age, I think a year or two after the death of her 
daughter, Mrs. W T ard. The Ward children were 9 in 
number, as follows: 

1 — Nathan. 5 — Sterling. 

2— Avan. 6— Dr. Meredith Gilbert. 

3 — Louisa. 7 — Salena. 

4 — Nancy. 8 — Fielding. 

9 — Mary Ann. 

1 — Nathan Ward, was twice married. His first wife 
was Lcuy Lea. Hughes, a daughter of Little Berry Hughes, 
Sr. For a sketch of their children, see Lucy Lea Hughes. 
His second wife was Harriet Moo. is, a daughter of the 
widow Moores, who lived just west of New Middleton, 
Tenn. The children of this second marriage were 9, as 

a — James Moores. e — Bettie. 

b — Josie. f — Samuel Campbell. 

c — John Brown. g — Peyton Mangrum. 

d — Richard. h — Henry Clay. 

i — Nathan. 

a — James Moores Ward married Martha Kyle. He 
died in the Confederate army. 

b — Josie Ward married John Bailey. She is dead. 

c — John Brown Ward married Penelope Stevens. 

d — Richard Ward died unmarried. 

And Connections. 157 

e — Bettie Ward married Samuel G. Johnson. She is 

f — Samuel Campbell Ward married Mary Wooten. 

g — Peyton Mangrum Ward married Tennie Tracy. 

h — Henry Clay Ward married Willie Shaw. He is 
) dead. 

i — Nathan Ward. If married, name of wife is not 
\ known. 

2 — Avan Ward first married Elizabeth Walker Hughes, 

a daughter of Little Berry Hughes, Sr. For a sketch of 

1 their children, see Elizabeth Walker Hughes. His second 

wife was Arabella Kyle, a daughter of Bartley Kyle. There 

were no children of the second marriage. 

3 — Louisa Ward married Peter Porter. She was his 
second wife. They moved to Missouri in 1852. Their 
children were 8, as follows: 

a — Holly Ward. e — John Ward, 

b — Nancy Gardner. f — William Fielding. 
c — Sarah Lee. g — Louisa Blanton. 

d — Harriet Ann. h — Irene. 

a — Holly Ward Porter married Jesse Paris Hughes, of 
whom a history has been given. 

b — Nancy Gardner Porter died unmarried at Dunks- 
burg, Mo., at about the age of 22. 

c — Sarah Lee Porter died when about 2 years old. 

d — Harriet Ann Porter married Robert W. Tharing- 
ton. She died near Knob Noster, Mo. 

e — John Ward Porter married his cousin Fannie Gri- 
selda Harper, a daughter of Mathew and Mary Ann 
(Ward) Harper. They live at Sweet Springs, Mo. 

f — William Fielding Porter married twice. His first 
wife was Mary Porter, a second cousin. After her death 
he married Mrs. Alice Stokes. They live at Ellis, Kansas. 

g — Louisa Blanton Porter married Waters B. Ham- 
ilton. She died at Ellis, Kansas. 

h — Irene Porter died when 2 years old. 

Rev. James Stephens Porter was the youngest child 
of Peter Porter's first marriage, was born in Carthage, 

158 The Hughes Family 

Smith, Co., Term., Aug. 16, 1825. His mother's name 
before marriage, was Matilda Armstrong, a daughter of 
John Armstrong, an old Revolutionary soldier. She was 
born in Virginia and died in Carthage, Tenn., Sept. 2, 1826. 
She was the mother of 4 children, as follows: 

1 — Martha Jane. 3 — Alexander Armstrong. 

2 — Parthenia Walton. 4 — James Stephens. 
The last named is the subject of this sketch. On 
Sept. 29, 1844, he married Mary P. Tuck, a daughter of 
Powell and Edney Tuck, in Smith Co., Tenn. She died 
in Missouri Nov. 17, 1862. He married Ruth Bigham, his 
second wife, March 5, 1865. She died in Rich Hill, Mo.. 
May 5, 1908. 

In 1848, Mr. Porter moved from Smith Co., Tenn., to 
Butler Co., Ky., and to Missouri in 1859. He has been a 
minister in the Methodist Episcopal church for nearly 60 
years. His present address is Rich Hill, Mo. His chil- 
dren have been 10, as follows: 

First wife: 

1 — Erastus Alexander. 5 — Peter. 

2 — Edna Matilda. 6 — Nannie. 

3— Silas D. 7— Powell M. 

4 — Nathaniel Lee. 8 — Louisa. 

Second wife: 

9 — John Edwin. 10 — James Benjamin. 

1 — Erastus Alexander Porter was in the Union army 
under Sherman during the last year of the Civil War, and 
was engaged in some of the most sanguinary battles of 
that war, including Franklin and Nashville, Tenn. He was 
mustered out in broken health at St. Louis, Mo., in 1865. 
After regaining his health he went to school 2 years, and 
then taught 2 years. He then studied for the ministry, was 
ordained to preach, and was admitted to the St. Louis 
Conference of the M. E. Church, and became an able 
preacher. He died in Rich Hill, Mo., in 1899. He had 
married Lee Ann Porter, his cousin. 

2 — Edna Matilda married her fourth cousin, John W. 
Porter. Address, Rich Hill, Mo. 

And Connections. 159 

3 — Silas D. Porter married Phoebe Spurgeon. He is a 
dealer in live stock. Address, Sweet Springs, Mo. 

4 — Nathaniel Lee Porter married Rose M. Current. 
He is engaged in real estate and insurance. Address, Lin- 
coln, Nebraska. 

5 — Peter Porter married Mrs. Minnie Corkery, a 
widow. Address, Merrell, Klamath Co., Oregon. 

6 — Nannie Porter married M. L. Van Meter. Address, 
Olene, Klamath Co., Oregon. 

7 — Powell M. Porter, now deceased, married Ettie 

8 — Louisa Porter married L \Y. Carter. She died, but 
I am not advised as to the time of her death. 

9 — John Edwin Porter is a practicing physician in 
Knob Noster, Mo. He married Lizzie Senior. 

10 — James Benjamin Porter married Mrs. Anna Smith, 
a widow. Her maiden name was Anna Oldham. He is 
Auditor for the Missouri Pacific railroad. His address is 
: ^.32, Morgan Street, St. Louis, Missouri. 

4 — Nancy Ward married Little Berry Hughes, Jr., 
whose history has been given. 

5 — Sterling Ward never married. He was a merchant 
all the days of his life, in partnership, first with his brother 
Nathan, and later with his nephew-in-law, John Gardner 
Bransford. He lived, and died at Upper New Middleton, 
bout 2 or 2y 2 miles west of the paternal homestead, on 
.he Trousdale's ferry and Nashville road. He died in 
the 70's. 

6 — Dr. Meredith Gilbert Ward was twice married. 
His first wife was Miss Carter, who lived in or about 
Rome in Smith Co., Tenn. She died in probably less than 
year after marriage, leaving no children. After her 
leath, Dr. Ward married Miss Elizabeth Hicks Wheeler, 
i most excellent and cultured lady of Philadelphia, Pa., 
vith whom he became acquainted while he was attending 
/medical lectures in that city. He was a very skillful and 
successful physician. Immediately, or very soon after his 
second marriage he moved to Knob Noster, Mo., where 


The Hughes Family 


he died in 1871 in the midst of a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. After his death his widow went to Kansas City, 
Mo., and resided with her daughter, Mrs. Pennington. 
She died there April 22, 1901, and her children took her 
remains back to Knob Xoster, Mo., where she was laid 
to rest beside her husband. 

Dr. Ward's children were 4, as follows: 

a — Eugene Alonzo. c — Kate. 

b — Emily Frances. d — William Sterling. 

a — Eugene Alonzo Ward, after receiving a good edu- 
cation, studied for the medical profession, attended lec- 
tures at the school in Philadelphia from which his father 
had graduated. He completed his course and graduated, 
and was just entering upon the practice when he died un- 
married at Xob Xoster, Mo., in 1874, at the age of about 23. 

b — Emily Frances Ward is not married. She lives 
with her married sister, Mrs. Pennington, in Kansas 
City, Mo. 

c — Kate Ward married Albert Otho Tyler Pennington. 
Their address is 3611, Olive St., Kansas City, Mo. 

a — W 7 illiam Sterling Ward is not married. He is c 
telegraph operator. He is in Chicago at present. 

7 — Salena Ward married Burr Feagan. They moved 
to W T estern Missouri about 1855. Both died many years 
ago, on a farm near Dunksburg in Pettis County. Thej 
wife died first. Their children were 6, as follows: 
a — John Ward. d — William, 

b — Stanton. e — Mary, 

c — Wilhelmina. f — Rasha. 

a — John Ward Feagan married X'annie Ferrel. Ad- 
dress, Malta Bend, Saline Co., Mo. 

b — Stanton Feagan married Ret Halker. Address, 
Knob Xoster, Mo. 

c — Wilhelmina Feagan married Wallace Patrick. Ad-, 
dress, Knob Xoster. Mo., or Lamont, Mo. 

d — William Feagan died of smallpox in St. Louis. 

e — Mary Feagan has married twice. Her first hus- 

And Connections. 161 

band was William Whitfield. Her second is John Webb. 
Address, Warrensburg, Mo. 

f — Rasha Feagan's address is Malta Bend, Saline Co., 
Mo. I have not been able to obtain the name of his wife. 

8 — Fielding Ward was born March 20, 1818. He mar- 
ried Mary Moores. She died in Smith Co., Tenn., Nov. 7, 
1857. In October, 1858, he moved to Pettis Co., Mo. He 
died at Lamont, Mo., June 20, 1888. There were 3 chil- 
dren of this marriage, as follows: 

a — Robert Campbell. b — Samuel Bridgewater. 

c — John Asbury. 

a — Robert Campbell Ward was born July 31, 1847, and 
died unmarried May 3, 1879. 

b — Samuel Bridgewater Ward was born in Smith Co., 
Tenn., Sept. 7, 1849. He has married three times. In 
March, 1876, he married Alice Porter, who died April 26, 
1879. On March 13. 1884, he married Ina M. Yarnell, who 
died June 13, 1896. His third wife is Frances P. Blewett, 
 10m he married Feb. 22, 1899. His address is Higgins- 
ville, Mo. Xo children are reported of the second and 
third marriages. Of the first there were 2 children, as 

1 — Mary Nancy, deceased. 

2— William Fielding, born Aug. 20, 1878. He has 1 
child, a son, named Harold Samuel, born Oct. 16, 1905. 
Xame of wife not given. 

c — John Asbury Ward was born in Smith Co., Tenn., 
Oct. 10, 1851. He married Alice Guyer in Missouri. Ad- 
dress, 400, East Broad Street, Warrensburg, Mo. There 
are 2 children of this marriage, as follows: 

1 — Charles R., deceased. 2 — Thomas. 

9 — Mary Ann Ward, youngest child of John and Holly 
(Mangrum) Ward, married Matthew Harper. Jr. He was 
most generally called Mack. He was a farmer and trader. 
He built and launched and laded the last flat boar that 
was ever built on the old boat yard at the mouth of Mul- 
herrin's creek, where that stream unites with the Caney 
Fork, and where so many flat boats were built, and 

162 The Hughes Family 

laded and started on their long journey to New Orleans 
during the first half of the last century. It was in 1850 
that this last boat was built at that yard. My father at 
the time was living across the river opposite the boat yard 
and worked on the boat during its building. I saw the 
boat launched. The steamboat was then rapidly supplant- 
ing the flat boat and keel boat in the river carrying trade, 
just as the railroad has now crowded out the steamboat. 
What next? The airship? 

About the year 1854 or '55 Mr. Harper and his family 
moved to Pettis Co., Mo., and at some later period moved 
to Nebraska, where both he and his wife died several 
years ago. The children of this marriage that survived 
the age of infancy were 6, as follows: 

a — Fannie Grisselda. d — Joseph Richard, 

b — Avan Walkup. e — Mack Sterling, 

c — John Gardner. f — Sallie Holly. 

a — Fannie Grisselda Harper married her cousin John 
Ward Porter, son of Peter and Louisa (Ward) Porter. 
He is a prosperous farmer. Address, Sweet Springs, Mo. 

b — Avan Walkup Harper has been twice married. He 
first married Maggie Edwards. His second wife wis 
Joanna Edwards, a cousin of his first wife. He is a cat .e 
dealer. Address Demar, Kansas. 

c — John Gardner Harper married Ida Galbreath. She 
died about June, 1910. His occupation is manufacturing 
concrete for building purposes. Address, 800, West Six- 
teenth St., Kansas City, Mo. 

d — Joseph Richard Harper married Lillie Bell Bole- 
jack. He is engaged in the livery business. Address, 
South Auburn, Nebraska. 

e — Mack Sterling Harper is not married. He is a car- 
penter. I failed to get his address. 

f — Sallie Holly Harper married John Edwards, a 
cousin to Avan's first wife and a brother to his last. Sal- 
lie is dead. 

And Connections. 163 

The history is now completed. The tale is told; but 
I can not lay down my pen without one fond, lingering, 
Parthian glance at dear old Smith County, the home of 
my childhood. 

Not long ago I read a newspaper article, written by 
a Northern writer, describing certain military operations 
of the Civil War in Middle Tennessee in the month of 
February. In that article he described the day as one 
"such as is never seen at that time of year outside of the 
State of Tennessee." Oh, how that carried my memory 
back to those glorious, deliriously beautiful days that I 
passed in that delightful region more than a half century 
ago. Calm, quiet, clear, tranquil, halcyon days were those, 
when all nature was at rest, and conditions were such that 
mere existence was enjoyment. 

Tennessee has been called the Switzerland of America, 
and also the Italy of the Western Continent. Surely those 
/ appellations are not undeserved. Often have I climbed 
her tallest hills in spring time, and with rapturous delight 
gazed upon her matchless landscapes, embracing hill and 
vale and ridge and mound and level meadow, — one vast 
billowy expanse, clothed in green, like a sea of emeralds 
rocked and tossed by a tempest. And when the mellow, 
golden, hazy days of autumn came I climbed those hills 
again, and looked out over that waving vista now clothed 
in a dress of red and green and yellow and brown and 
purple, reflecting the rays of the sun like burnished jewels, 
while winding among them were bright limpid streams, 
like silver threads, stringing those jewels together. 

For fifty years I have been a self exile from that 
region with all its attributes of fertile fields, purling 
streams and bubbling springs of crystal water, fit nectar 
for the gods; but through all these years her memory has 
never grown dim. 

What can I say of that delectable stream, the Caney 
Fork, the first river upon which my eyes ever gazed. It 
is a river with a very prozy name, but a more beautiful, a 

164 The Hughes Family 

more romantic, a more poetic stream never rolled its 
silvery waters over golden pebbles to the deep blue sea. 

On the bank of that stream, where it parts like a rip- 
pling flood of molten silver around the head of Piper's 
Island sleep the remains of my maternal grand-mother, 
both of her parents, one of her sons and a number of other 
relatives, while the music of the water of this classic 
stream in rythmic cadences, chants their requiem forever. 



Page 33, line 22; for Mary Laura Elder read Mary 
Laura Hawkins. 

Page 33, line 23; for Chlo May read Cleo May. 

Page 71, line 2; for Giden read Gideon. 

Page 92, line 30; for George Ann Dollins read Laura 
Ann Dollins. 

Page 111, line 10; for Princeton, Ky., read Memphis, 

Page 131, last line. Of the four children of Samuel R. 
Gass' first wife, two died in childhood. Mattie died un- 
married after reaching young womanhood. Etta married 
James Thomas, but died young, leaving one child. 

Page 139, top of page. Children of Robert S. Paris 
omitted. They are 4, as follows: 

1. — Pauline, born at Gordonsville, Tenn., Sept. 6, 1894. 
2 — Ruby, born at Gordonsville, Tenn., June 25, 1896. 
3 — Clarence, born at Gordonsville, Tenn., Dec. 8, 1899. 
4 — Edith Sherman, born at Madisonville, Ky., July 
4, 1909. 

Page 140, line 1; for Henry H. Lynch read Garry H. 

In counting lines in the above, all broken lines are