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3 1833 01306 1277 














19 2 





McCaw ok Columbia 
COLUMBIA, s. c. 










tV' : 






n'-, in^i 



(At age of titty years) 

(At lifie of fifly yeuis/ 


Lydia Annie Hughes, H5. 

Martha Hughes, H5. 

Fanny Wormald Sadler, H6. 

Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan, H6, H6(4-3). 

Lucinda Blackmore (Sullivan) Davis, H7 H7(4-4). 

Richard Hughes Sullivan, H7, H7(4-4). 

Elizabeth (Hughes-Elliott-Cunliffe) Hudson, H7(4-4), Cf5 Ibid. 

Meriwether Genealogical Tables and Family Record, 1889. 

In the 1902 edition of the Hughes Family of Kentucky and Virginia, 
the bulk ot the data was obtained from the family records of my mother, 
Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan; my sister, Lucinda Blackmore (Sulli- 
van) Davis; my gi-eat aunt, Martha Hughes, and the family Bible of my 
great grandmother ,Esther (Cox) Hughes, H4NNH, C5H. All four of tliese 
kinswomen are deceased. 

Since that time, however, and, in fact, within the past few years, 
new information has been developed through the indefatigable efforts 
of Lydia Annie Hughes, granddaughter of Major John Hughes, Jr., H3, 
through his sixth son, James Neville Hughes, in which considerable new 
data have appeared in connection with the earlier records of the Cox, 
Crawford, Tarleton and Wood families. Furthermore, were it not for 
her proverbial interest in the genealogy of the Hughes Family and many 
of its collateral connections, the Aston Line, which hitherto has not been 
recorded as antecedent to the Cocke-Cox Line as generally understood 
by practically all our relatives, could not have been incorporated in the 
1920 edition. Indeed, her new data have been the real incentive toward 
the issue of this work, in which will be found a republished sketch of 
her grandfather and my great great grandfather. 

Fanny Wormald Sadler, daughter of my grandfather's sister, Judith 
Anne (Hughes) Sadler, has materially assisted in assembling parts of 
unknown records, and portions of her letters, written from time to time 
during the last 15 years, have been used to Indicate connection with our 
numerous relatives in Kentucky. 

The plan pursued has been to connect the pedigrees of eight fami- 
lies, including the Neville Line, to indicate direct descent to my children 
and grandchildren, and also to have two pedigrees in two collateral lines 
—one, to show direct descent in the Hughes Line through my grand- 
mother, Sarah Jane (Hughes) Hughes; the other, the Cunliffe Line, to 
show the relationship of her sister, Eliza Ann (Hughes), whose husband 
was William Cunliffe, for the information of the numerous descendants 
In that line. The records furnished by Elizabeth (Hughes-Elliott-Cun- 
liffe) Hudson H7(4-4), Cf5 Ibid, and the records of Martha Hughes in 
her mother's Bible have been used in the Cunliffe family history. The 
names of all children of the various lines in each generation have been 
included where data were available, and no relative having connection 
with any of the names appearing in the eight families in the large table 
or in the two collateral pedigrees should have trouble in ascertaining 

Data for the Meriwether pedigree were taken from the Meriwether 
Genealogy, 1889, by George Wood Meriwether and published by his 


daughter, Emerine (Price-Meriwether) Snead, M7. In cases of disagree- 
ment in data, as between the Meriwether record and the record of 
Martha Hughes, the annotations of tlie latter were accepted for the 
Hughes record. Unfortunately, it has been found necessary to omit 
much valuable data of historical importance pertaining to the Meri- 
wether collateral lines. 

The table at the end of this record was constructed to show blood 
relationship between nine families and will bear close study. 

Repetitions have been included wherever deemed necessary, in 
order that even remote relatives might establish genealogical connection 
without burdensome study. 

Therefore, for the reasons above stated, and as a labor of love as 
a memorial to my beloved mother and my cherished sister, Luciuda 
Blackmore (Sullivan) Davis, as well as a mark of honor to my most 
worthy relative and co-worker, it has been decided to print all avail- 
able necessary information for the benefit of those coming after us. 


■! ■ I 






John Hughes, H3 (Stephen, HI, John, H2), founder of the Kentucky 
branch of the family, was a man of strongly marked character, as the 
career I shall sketch clearly shows. 

It has been too much the habit of my contemporaries, who knew him 
personally, to laugh at the eccentricities into which he was sometimes 
betrayed by the very qualities that made him a helpful neighbor, a suc- 
cessful planter, a good and useful citizen, a brave soldier, a beloved 
officer, a judicious master and a loyal husband and father that exercised 
firmly, though kindly, his authority over his household — qualities that 
entitle him to the reverential and affectionate regard of his descendants. 

Born at the family seat in Powhatan County, Virginia, about 40 miles 
above Richmond on James iRiver, August 11, 1763, John Hughes, H3, was 
but 13 years of age when the Declaration of Independence was signed 
at Philadelphia. During the early years of the Revolutionary struggle 
he was entered by his mother (then the wife of Captain Robert Mitchell, 
of Richmond) as a student in Washington-Henry Academy, in Hanover 
County. Here, in 1779, he enlisted as a private soldier without consult- 
ing either parent or guardian and served for two years, as his record in 
the Pension Office declares. His company officers were Captains Bar- 
rett, Littlebury, Williamson, Pollock and Woodson; some of the regi- 
mental officers were Major Battle, Colonels Dandrl'dge, Randolph and 
Skepwith and Brigade Commanders Scott and Lawson. He participated 
in the engagement at Hood's Old Fort, at Guilford Court House, North 
Carolina, and at the Siege of Yorktown. He received a slight wound at 
Guilford Court House, after which battle the youth was api)ointed ensign, 
was promoted to a Lieutenancy in 1781, and, in the language of the offi- 
cial record at Washington, "Capt. Samuel Woodson being sick, Lieut. 
John Hughes commanded his company during the Siege of Yorktown." 

He married, in 1783, Anne, daughter of Col. William Meriwether, of 
Albemarle County, Virginia, and resided for several years on the plan- 
tation in Powhatan County, which he had inherited from his father. Here 
were born October 18, 1784, his oldest son, John, H4, and, on May 15, 
1786, Jane, the first daughter, whose death was recorded In the family 
Bible in 1800. 

About the time of the birth of little Jane, he must have sold his plan- 
tation to his step-father, Robert Mitchell, from whom it descended to Mr. 
Mitchell's daughter, Sally (who married a son of Gen. William Scott), 
and later to her daughter, Judith Ann Scott, and was subsequently sold 
to Mr. William Carrington. 

The sale of the James River homestead was preiparatory to his 
removal to Kentucky, and, I learn from a letter preserved among the 
papers of his father-in-law, William Meriwether, that this emigration took 


place in 1786. It would be interesting to know the route by which the 
little family traversed the wilderness west of the Appalachians and some 
of the stirring incidents of their expdus, but neither traditionary lore 
nor documentary evidence throws any light upon this episode in the life 
of John Hughes, H3. 

Iteaching the Falls of the Ohio, he purchased an estate known as 
Spring Garden, now within the limits of the city of Louisville, but he 
afterwards removed to a property 7 miles below the city at the head of 
Hughes' Bar — named for him — and here he resided until his death at a 
riie old age. I have a copy of the deed conveying this thousand-acre 
tract of land in West Jefferson County by Benjamin Temple to John 
Hughes. I also have a letter, regarding some military surveys in a case 
of disputed boundtiry lines, from John Hughes to Judge Benjamin 
Sebastian dated August 8, 1801. I think it was written before my grand- 
father took up his residence at the river farm below Louisville, as I am 
under the impression that my father's birth, in 1804, occurred at the 
Spring Gai-den home. 

In the early days of 1874, I met an old citizen of Louisville named 
Chambers, who told me that, when Aaron Burr was expected to pass 
down the Ohio iRiver on his way to New Orleans, to engage in the con- 
spiracy of which he was suspected, the duty of arresting his 'progress at 
Louisville was intrusted to the subject of this sketch. The narrator, a 
mere child at the date of the occurrence — 1806— --accompanied his father 
to the scene of activity at the river front and distinctly remembered the 
incident. Finding in me a delighted auditor, he described with evident 
enjoyment the vigor and sprightliness of my grandfather's movements, 
the thoroughness of his preparations and the resourcefulness he exhibited 
^all conspiring to invest him, in the eyes of a boy, with the glamour of 

On the breaking out of hostilities between the United States and Great 
Britain in 1812, my grandfather's must have been among the earliest 
enlistments in Kentucky, since I have a letter written by him to my 
Uncle Jack on December 12, 1812, in which he speaks of having been in 
the active service for some time. He mentions being "with the army on 
the march from Tippecanoe to Fort Harrison," and the letter continues, 
"immediately on our arrival at Fort Harrison, the General directed me 
to take in charge the publick boats, and prepare for the reception of the 
sick men, baggage, etc., with as many of those who were well as could be 
conveniently placed on board. The next day at 10 o'clock, having all 
things ready, with 500 men on board, I set out for Fort Knox, situate two 
miles above this place (Vincennes) and 140 miles below Fort Harrison, 
ajid arrived at the same at 6 o'clock next morning." Then follows a 
recital of the care bestowed upon the sick, their removal to better houses 
than those previously occupied, the renewal of their beds and covering, 
the "strict attention paid to cleanliness in the hospitals" and the gratifi- 
cation he felt in reporting very happy results. I think it must have been 
at this (place and in this connection that my grandfather had an alterca- 
tion with a quartermaster who was dilatory about furnishing . supplies 
needed in camp. When the subordinate became insolent under Major 
Hughes' rebuke, I remember hearing that my grandfather thrust his 
umbrella into the offendei''s cheek, and having a childish idea that sol- 
diers went about at all times in battle array, I wondered, on hearing the 
story, why he did not strike the man with his sword. 

Another paragraph in the letter, from which I have quoted, is as 
follows: "I am informed by Jno. Gatewood (who has been home on fur- 
lough) that several letters have reached my neighborhood, written with 
a view to disparage my conduct as an officer. I know the persons who 
have written those letters. They are too contemptible for me to name 
or take notice of. With respect to my conduct as an officer, suffice it to 
say that no enterprise has been undertaken by the commander in which 


I have not had a distinguished command assigned me. Nor have I ever 
had a command which was not wholly composed of volunteers from the 
Regiment. In fact, wherever I go, the whole Regiment are ready to move 
at my heels." Surely a man may vindicate himself in such terms as 
these without incurring a charge of egotism, especially when the vindi- 
cation Is addressed to his own household. It is very pleasing to note, in 
that hB directs my uncle to supply out of his garner anything that the 
family of one of his troopers, named by him, "may stand in need of." 

Major Hughes dispensed at his home in Jefferson County a generous 
hospitality. There were always guests— a constant house party, in fact. 

He was a successful 'armer, giving personal supervision to the 
progress and improvement of his plantation, although he employed an 
overseer. I have heard that his shipment of apples to New Orleans 
amounted, in one season, sometimes to a thousand dollars. He introduced 
into Kentucky a white-blossom peach that was famous in his generation 
and which, I think, bore his name. A few years since, one of his grand- 
sons, Dr. A. H. Mitchell, while purchasing supplies for a sanitarium in 
which he was interested, found a certain crah-apple cider in New York 
that headed the list of its kind for excellence. Upon Investigation, it' 
proved to be an article prepared by a formula that originated with Major 
Hughes. The following incident throws a strong light upon the character 
of the founder of the Kentucky Hugheses, in no wise diminishing his title 
to the veneration of his descendents, already in the fifth generation. As 
wine-drinking was universal in his day. Major Hughes not only imbibed 
habitually, but sometimes to excess. 

Riding home from Louisville one evening, after somewhat over in- 
dulgence, he observed a wayfarer by the roadside, and, accosting him, 
insisted that the man should take his horse and ride on to his (the 
Major's) house, giving him minute directions as to the road leading 
thereto. On reaching home an hour later, he expressed surprise at not 
finding his guest installed and his fine roadster in the stable. Then 
followed an explanation to his wife, who, after the mauuer of her sex, 
replied: "It served you right. Major Hughes! You ought to have known 
you'd never see that horse again!" This completely sobered him, and, 
calling upon Aunt Rose, the negro housekeeper, for the Bible, and, laying 
his hand upon the sacred volume, he swore that he would never again 
swallow an intoxicating draught. He faithfully kept his vow, effecting a 
reformation in one act by a supreme effort of his mind. 

In Collins' "History of Kentucky," Vol. II, P. 357, the name of John 
Hughes appears among members of the Senate of that State, though I 
do not know the exact date of his service in that body; but it was prob- 
ably between 1826 and 1831. It has always been a source of satisfaction 
to all of his descendents that he was elected without soliciting any man's 
vote. He was an ardent follower of Thomas Jefferson in politics. 

The Rev. B. H. McCown, late principal of Forest Home Academy for 
Boys, contributed to the Louisville Courier-Journal of July 21, 1876, the 
following incident concerning the experiences of John Hughes: 

"In 1829, while traveling the Jefferson circuit, then containing twenty- 
eight ap-pointments for the month, I found a most pleasant home, monthly, 
with Major John Hughes, living on the Ohio River, about seven miles 
below the city. The Major, in the latter part of his life, was as eminent 
tor his piety as he had before been for reckless and daring bravery. 

"He frequently amused himself, and most profitably so to his family 
and guests, in catching large quantities of fine fish, especially the white 
perch, with long hand-lines. As I had been a famous fisherman on the 
Beech Fork, I frequently joined the Major in the practice of my old craft. 
Amid the relaxation of one of these occasions, the Major told me of an 
adventure witlr a catfish on the falls, while gigging fish by torchlight. 


Fully versed in that part of the fisherman's craft, I listened with intense 
interest as he proceeded to tell me how a huge catlish foundered him on 
the falls and brought him to grief. 

"He was sporting magnificently and victoriously with small fry, when 
a huge belligerent catfish, from the deep and rapid water, thrust himself 
before his gig. The Major remarked that, being afraid of his antagonist, 
he simply laid the gig on his ponderosity and gave him a significant shove. 
He darted into the deep water, but soon returned. The same action with 
like result followed. By this time the Major's dander was up, and, re- 
gardless of consequences, he plunged his gig into the monster as he 
provokingly waggled his ponderous body before him as if to challenge 
a stronger hint. The Major had overlooked one necessary precaution: 
To prevent losing his gig in the swift water, he had bound it to his wrist 
by a strong icord. Forgetting to loosen it before striking, he was sud- 
denly tripped up by the plunge of the wounded fish into the deep and 
rapid water, and was borne helplessly along, and would have been drag- 
ged, within a few minutes more, a strangled victim, to become food for 
his captor, but for a projecting rock on which he lodged. With his knife 
he severed the cord and gave up the gig as a trophy to his wounded 
antagonist, which was entitled to the glory of keeping the battlefield." 

Is it not fitting that a man of so many noble traits should sooner or 
later yield his allegience to God, his creator and preserver, and conform 
his life to the Divine teachings? Although reared an Episcopalian and, 
in his youth a communicant in that church, my grandfather became a 
devoted Methodist after his conversion and set apart a portion of his 
estate as a Camp Ground, where religious services were held annually 
for years. 

By reference to the genealogy of the family it will be seen that Major 
John Hughes was married four times and that he was the father of twenty- 
six children, all of whom were the offspring of his first wife, Anne Meri- 
wether. He died December 11, 1842, of pneumonia, and was buried in the 
family graveyard on his own plantation. He was the largest slave owner 
in Kentucky at the time of his death, and I have been informed, both by 
members of the family and by persons who visited the old plantation, 
that his servants were kindly cared for and very cheerful and happy. 


Mt. Carmel, 111., May 1, 1902. 



My Dear Cousin Richard: 

Scarcely two weelis ago I forwarded to a niece in Chicago a letter 
of yours, which Fanny Sadler had kindly inclosed to me, wishing this 
niece (Mrs. Paul Chipniau) to know and to tell our other relatives in 
that metropolis of their high-spiriied and patriotic kinsman in South 
Carolina. And I took special pains to write in lull your middle name 
that she might understand how you and she are connected. 

Thus, you see, one of the Hugheses has a well developed and care- 
fully cherished tribal feeling, though, as you say, we are a peculiarly 
reserved family — the outward and visible mark of sensitiveness that I 
believe has been a serious handicap to some of us. Alas, but few of the 
name (older generations) remain, Uncle Henry's daughter, Mary, and I 
being the sole survivors of our generation. Fanny is one and you are 
two degrees, genealogically, farther removed from Stephen, tlie Welsh 
immigrant to Virginia. 

Yes, thank God, we are all of British stock, or, more accurately, we 
are of all British stock, the fact that the Cockes accompanied the Con- 
queror (the name was Le Coque then), and probably also the Nevilles, not 
counting after seven and one-half centuries. On my mother's side I have 
French ancestors, who came to live at Norwich, England, as late as the 
reign of Henry VI; and since the Marne and Verdun, 1 hail this descent 
with peculiar pride. 

The Cocke, Aston and Tarleton pedigrees I sent you have been sub- 
mitted to more than one professional genealogist and escaped without 
adverse criticism, and I liave reason to believe that all the sixteen I have 
prepared for my brotlier's children are accurate. 

Please to observe that the son of Richard Cocke, 1, and Mary Aston, 
3, spvlled his name C-o-x. Such eccentricities were common in liis day, 
and his son, William, 3, reverted to tlie original orthography. Now note 
carefully in the Cocke-Cox line: John Cox, 1, who married Mary Davis, 

was the father of Henry Cox, 3, married , who was the father 

of Richard Cox, 4, who married Nancy (Neville) Hughes, who was the 
father of Esther €ox, 5, who married John Hughes, 4, who was the mother 
of Richard Franklin Hughes, 5, who married Sarah Jane Hughes, 5, who 
was the father of Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan, 6, who was the honored 
mother of Richard Hughes Sullivan, 7. So you are twice a Cocke; i. e., 
twice descended from Richard Cocke, 1. 

It was a distinguished and very highly connected family; but, what 
is more interesting to us, the editor of tlie Virginia Magazine of History 
and Biography, one of the hnest genealogist's in America, says that Mary 
Davis, who married John Cox, 2, was doubtless the daughter of Thomas 
Davis, a member of the convention summoned in 1619 by Governor Yeard- 
ley to "take a hand in the governing of tliemselves," the hrst representa- 
tivef assembly of the new world. You should see the hne scorn w;th 
which I look down upon people who boast of their Pilgrim stock. Two 
of my mother's ancestors, besides this Thomas Davis, were established 
householders in Virginia before the Mayflower sailed from Plymouth 

The Astons were a fine old family of Staffordshire. The Tarlefons 
likewise, though seated at Caernavoushire, Wales (Ibid., whence came 


Stephen Hughes, 1, and possibly Nichohis Meriwether, 1. — R. H. S.). 
Some of our kinsmen of this name, Tarleton, have distinguished them- 
selves in the present war. 

I have for years intended to write you concerning this double descent 
from Richard Cocke, 1; but am so overworked, was afraid I'd die before 
I ever found time to do so. (She was librarian at Mt. Carmel, 111., and 
about 75 years of age when this letter was written — R. H. S.). You per- 
ceive the origin of your baptismal name. It was handed down from our 
English forbears. 

My genealogical work, except some manuscripts, is now done, so 
that you need not type me the copies of which you speak, though I cer- 
tainly appreciate your offer to do so. There was a time when such help 
would have been invaluable. 

Thanking you for your letter and with kindest regards to your wife 
and my younger cousins, 

Affectionately, your cousin, 


Mt. Carmel, 111., February 24, 1918. 


The writer of the preceding is a granddaughter of Major John Hughes, 
H3 through his fourteenth child, Dr. James Neville Hughes, H4, who 
married Louisa Adaline, daughter of John and Hannah (Storrs) Russell, 
of Virginia, on March 13, 1823. She is one of his few surviving descend- 
ents now sufficiently conversant with the traditionary and documentary 
evidence to cover all the known facts, and a woman of unusual mental 
cultivation. Her father was graduated from Transylvania Medical Col- 
lege Lexington, Ky.; served as a memher of the Kentucky Senate in 1842; 
was' resident physician of the U. S. Marine Hospital, at Louisville, under 
appointments of Presidents Pierce and Buchanan, and was surgeon in 
charge of Foard Hospital (C. S. A.), Newman, Georgia, during the War 
Between the States. In her introduction of "The Hughes and Their Col- 
laterals," Lydia Annie Hughes states: "Above all, how often have I re- 
minded myself that James Neville Hughes never cherished an unworthy 
thought." This statement was emphasized by Martha Hughes, H4, who 
preserved the following touching poem written by Dr. James Neville 
Hughes while watching by the corpse of her little sister, Mary Elizabeth, 
who died November 26, 1825, the original cop-y of which is in my posses- 
sion, in the family Bible of my great grandmother, Esther (Cox) Hughes, 
C5H, H4NNH: 

"Sweet child, thy suffering days have gone, 
Which, whilst on earth, thou did'st endure; 

Thy spirit, by bright seraphs borne. 
Is robed in glorious bliss secure. 

"Tho' doomed in life to taste of grief. 

Thy infant days did soon expire; 
And, far from pain and woe beneath, 

Thou dost in realms of bliss aspire. 

"Far from corruption and decline, 

In distant worlds of light on high, 
Thou dost, with beings, all divine. 

Forget to weep, and mourn, and sigh! 

"Thy body, tho' to dust returned, 

Shall yet to life immortal rise, 
And, when tliis world in death shall mourn, 

Shall join thy spirit in the skies. 

"Thou parents! Cease to weep and pine. 

Or to condole her transient stay! 
And, in the paths of grace divine. 

Let future life ha passed away. 

"So, when from earth ye shall remove, 

Eternal life ye shall receive— 
Shall see your babes in Christ beloved. 

At rest, from all tlieir woes relieved." 

Lydia Anne Hughes, H5, the youngest of the seven daughters of 
James Neville Hughes, was born April 24, 1844, in Henry County, Ken- 
tucky She was a student at the Louisville Female College, one of the 


first established in tlie United States, and later was a teacher in the 
public schools of Louisville, afterward becoming a member of the faculty 
of Soule Female College, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Upon retirement from 
that institution she established and conducted a private school at' Mt. 
Carmel, Illinois, for 25 years. In her own language: "I can not remember 
ever going before a class but once when I did not feel thoroughly quali- 
fied to instruct my pupils, (but) I am far from satisfied with the results 
of my work in the school room." 'She is a graduate of the Chatauqua 
Literary and Scientific Course, class of 1891, having two extra courses 
in addition to the required studies, and was a charter member and first 
vice president of the Mt. Carmel Scientific Society, an associate founder 
of the Reviewers' Matinee and founder of the Woman's Club of Mt. Car- 
mel, finally concluding her active work as librarian of the Mt. Carmel 
Free Public Library from 1910 to 1919. She is now in her 77th year in 
age, and her remarkable activity of mind is still evident in her letter 
regarding the various pedigrees, which is published in another part of 
this record. 

The records thus far authenticated indicate to the satisfaction of 
most of our relatives that the various families herein were represented 
in the political and social affairs of the British Isles many centuries 
before the reigns of Charles I and II and the oligarchy of Oliver Crom- 
well, whose general p-oHcies, for numerous reasons patent to all men, 
seem to have prompted widespread emigration, especially to the North 
American colonies. Thus we find the Astons, and probably the Cockes, 
considering the question of pioneering in the New World. The provincial 
customs of those old days were naturally imported as our ancestors made 
their way to the wilderness of Virginia, and we find this sturdy stock 
congregating along both sides of tlie James River in Charles City, Isle 
of Wight, New Kent, Henrico, Powhatan, Goochland, Louisa, Spotsylvania 
and Albemarle Counties. 

Another branch of the Cockes came from England in those early days, 
to settle in the lower part of New England, about Long Island Sound, 
and these were very probably the kinsmen of the branch that settled in 
Virginia. Both the northern and southern branches have left their im- 
print on the affairs of the nation, as will be shown in any standard work 
on biography. 

Likewise, the Hugheses, the Meriwethers, the Nevilles, the Craw- 
fords, the Woods and the Tarletons have contributed materially toward 
The establishment of the greatest repniblic the world has ever seen, and 
their work under the gravest dift'iculties can be little comprehended at 
this late day. Even in my day have I witnessed the transition of five 
overgrown villages to great and prosperous cities. I recall when West- 
port, now Kansas City, Missouri, where I was married, was the last fitting- 
out point for the Great American Desert, the Missouri River country and 
the buffalo hunting grounds and also when the settlements in the Rocky 
Mountains were the replicas of the present-day mining towns of Alaska. 
Even so, but little can we comprehend at this day the physical hin- 
drances and mental misgivings of our forbears in virgin and unknown 
lands. Further, and coming down to the Revolutionary period, say 150 
years later, we are unable properly to asvsociate our minds with the 
things then regarded as the acme of comfort and respectability, without 
considering the drawbacks that still beset an undeveloped country, still 
largely peopled with its savage denizens. 

Knowing, then, as we do, something of the character and stamina of 
the men and women who bestowed upon us their names and pride of 
race, it ill befits us, even in our lack of comprehension of the conditions 
of their day, not to hold in reverence the memorials of those who were 
the origin of our birth. 


And this brings forth the question of ancestory. 

Some of the older civilizations of the East' are said to worship their 
ancestors. In a way, yes; but rather they recall with reverence the 
philosophy, the ethics and the achievements of their fathers, as examples. 
And we, too, of the later western civilization are justified in a p-ride of 
descent from fathers and mothers who made a wilderness blossom as 
the rose — a pride in a knowledge of whence we came, and by whom, being 
cognizant of the fact that each descendent must survive or perish accord- 
ing to his or her endeavors in life, whether in civil government, agricul- 
ture, manufacturing, finance or the pTofessions. So we can be justly 
proud of our forbears for their general sturdiness of character, their 
constructiveness, their sacrifices and their virtues. 

Hon. George R. Gilmer, M6, in his sketch of the early Meriwethers, 
has stated that "They were too proud t'o be vain, looking to their own 
thoughts and conduct rather to what others might think of them," a 
statement which might' well be applicable to every family represented in 
this record. They were all relatively the same people, from practically 
the same region, of the same habits and train of thought; and when the 
migration to Kentucky took place, fhey still followed the same provin- 
cial spirit of grouping together — and thence to southern Indiana and 
elsewhere, the same spirit. So that, scattered to the four corners of tl;e 
earfh as they now are, the same racial characteristics may be recognized 
in all of them. 

In the genealogical succession, it is believed that no ofher relative to 
my generation has had such a multiplicity of direct antecedents among 
kindred as my mother. Lydia Annie Hughes' record has established two 
lines of descent from William and Henry Cocke-Cox, A5, C3, which unite 
in my grandfather, Richard Franklin Hughes, H5. The Neville line shows 
double descent to my grandfafher, and the Hughes line shows double 
descent to my grandfather. The marriage of my grandfather with the 
daughter of his father's brother set up a new double descent to my 
mother and her brother and sister. Hence, if the blood succession in 
direct lines be carried out literally, my grandfather was twice a Hughes, 
twice a Neville and twice a Cocke-Cox, my grandmother was twice a 
Cocke-'Cox and my mother was twice a Hughes and twice a Cocke-Cox. 
To state the descent a little more clearly, the Aston and Cocke-Cox blood 
merged with the Hughes blood through the Neville and Henry Cocke-Cox 
lines, and the Aston and Cocke-Cox lines united with the Hughes lines 
llirough the Meriwether, Wood and William Cocke-Cox lines. Meanwhile, 
the blood relationship of the Tarleton-Hughes and the Crawford-Meri- 
wether lines had been consummated. The various connections having 
been so intricate and Interminable, especially in the collateral lines sub- 
sequent to the third generation in tlie Hughes line, it seems all im- 
portant that the whole matter be viewed and stated in several ways so 
that the numerous relatives of later generations may have a fair under- 
standing as to where to find the connecting head; consequently, the sev- 
eral repetitions in this record. 

As may be inferred from the preceding, the Intermarriages of rela- 
tives were the result of a series of families becoming a sort of exclusive 
or clannish community, with community of interests, racially, ethically 
and economically, a condition difficult to understand in these days of in- 
tense improvement and progress. As this custom was more or less in 
vogue in other early communities, as well as our own, I was prompted 
to construct the accompanying table to show, graphically, the numerous 
connections centering near my grandfather's generation and also another 
table at the end of this record to show genealogical succession and blood 
relationship in eight pedigrees, as well as the infusion of new blood 



Family Connections. 




•- c 



— o 





m cu 







4) 0) 

<^ s 


a; O 




4-* _^ 

<D 4) 


03 p 




c - 



Oj 1 

t. s 






6t hn 


Aston (Henry Cocke-Cox) 

Aston (William Cocke-Cox) 


Cocke-Cox, Henry 

Cocke-Cox, William 



Nancy (Neville) Hughes 



Nancy Neville (Hughes) 



Wood, John and Mary (Thomas). 
William Meriwether Hughes 

















H4(4 I) 




















































H7 (4-4) 

Cumulative connections in direct descent may be readily ascertained 
by reference to the designating letters in the preceding table and by fol- 
lowing the family order arranged in the table at the end of this record. 

While the name of ray mother shows 37 different direct blood strains, 
and a number of our relatives after the generation of John Hughes, Jr., 
H3, have nearly as many, it must be borne in mind that considerable 
numbers of foreign strains have been introduced from collateral lines, 
all of which have contributed toward keeping the general family blood 
strong, wholesome and good in all respects. 

By consulting the record, it will be observed that large families were 
rather common in the direct lines, notably: Judith (Neville), wife of John 
Hughes, H2; Richard Cox, C4H1; John Hughes, Jr., H3, and his wife, 
Anne (Meriwether), M5, whose 26 childrens' names appear in this record, 
and George Wood Meriwether, M6, has stated that "Anne Meriwether 
was the most prolific of all the family connection;" Dr. James Neville 
Hughes, H4; my grandmother's sister, Eliza (Hughes) Cunliffe, H5(4-2), 
and my mother. 

It was the expressed wish of my mother that some mention be made 
of Dr. William Meriwether Hughes, H4(4-l), her mother's father, by 
whom a collateral line was introduced into the original Hughes line in 
the tables. Therefore, I have digressed from the general plan followed 
in the pedigrees, as far as this collateral line is concerned, in order that 
my mother's immediate descendents might know something relative to my 
grandmother's parentage. 

Like his brother. Dr. James Neville Hughes, H4, William Meriwether 
Hughes, H4(4-l), was a Doctor of Medicine, and, like all his kinsmen 


in their chosen fields, was a man of great perspicuity. He received his 
medical education in Philadelphia, and was graduated from the Depart- 
ment' of Medicine, Univeisity of Pennsylvania, at that place, in 1811. The 
subject of his graduation thesis was "Conception." He was also a man 
of sterling worth and achieved success in the development! of a very 
extensive practice in his chosen profession. Indeed, it was overwork 
in a large area in and around Louisville to which his untimely death 
from bilious fever was attributed. His funeral was said to have been 
attended by the largest concourse of people known up to that time in 
Louisville. It was when he was in attendance upon his mother, of whom 
he was said to have been the favorite son, that he was stricken down. 
He called his elder brother, John, to his bedside, charging him, in dying 
words, with the care of his wife and children, when his father inter- 
rupted and promised: "I will take care of them," leaving his family a 
moderate competence. (See will of John Hughes, H4, herein). He was 
buried on his father's plantation, below Louisville. But little record of 
his wife, Mary (Wood), is available. The date of her birth is recorded 
in the William Cunliffe family Bible, but the date of her death is un- 
known. Her parents resided in Oldham County, Kentucky, at the time 
of her marriage. Their children were all deceased with the demise of 
my great uncle, William Meriwether Hughes, in 1885. 

Be it now said by me, the son of Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan, 
H6, H6(4-3), that there Is not now and never has been any evidence 
showing a more luminant character in tlie Hughes family for gentleness, 
grace, refinement, intellectual force and executive power than she who 
gave me birth. Of her large family, she brought six children to maturity, 
and educated them, in addition to having the care of eleven children of 
kindred. She was an ardent advocate of woman's rights from the stand- 
point of common, ordinary justice, the ballot being only a means to an 
end. Our Revolutionary ancestors fought against taxation without rep- 
resentation, and if this record is good for only one thing, it proves that 
strong, self-reliant men and women come only from good stock and blood. 
I have always heartily agreed with her views for the reason that her 
boys had superior rights under the constitution over her girls, whose 
material privileges were inferior fo that of negro men after the Eman- 
:^ipation Act of 1863. She put into practical execution the Biblical in- 
junction to care for the friendless, and her doors were never closed to the 
unfortunate. We have shared in her joys and her sorrows, and what- 
ever I am, whatever I hope to be while traveling the journey, I shall say, 
while many members of the Hughes family have attained prominence 
as public citizens, there is one who stands apart in my love and filial de- 
votion — my mother. Her mother, my grandmother, called "Ma" affec- 
tionately by all my mother's children, I never recall without thinking 
of something holy; timid but brave, frail in physique but strong in reso- 
lution, I never knew her to be capable of an unworthy thing; her long 
widowhood served to warm her heart toward the little ones around our 
hearthstone, and that saintly woman is among the angels where she 
belongs. Litera schpta vuinet. 

It is somewhat remarkable tliat my mother is the third successive 
widowhood, with young children to protect, in this record, these being 
my great-grandmother, Mary (Wood) Hughes, H4(4-l), my grandmother, 
Sarah Jane (Hughes) Hughes, H5(4-2), and my mother, Mary Esther 
(Hughes) Sullivan, H6, H6(4-3), the latter of whom died at the age of 64 
years, while having the care of the three orphaned children of my de- 
ceased sister, Lucinda Blackmore (Sullivan) Davis, H7, H7(4-4). 

In order to reestablish the proofs before the fast disappearing genera- 
tions preceding mine shall have passed into the Unknown, I have felt it 
my duty for the sake of my children and those succeeding me that all 
the foregoing evidence should be verified as far as possible. Consequently, 
I have in my possession tlie family Bible that was presented to my great- 


grandmother by her brother, Tarleton Cox, C5H, on December 30, 1817, 
and which came to me from Martha Hughes, H5, through my mother; 
the original letter from the Commissioner of Pensions, Washington, 
D. C, stating in detail the Revolutionary service of my great-great-grand- 
father. Major John Hughes, H3, and other valuable data concerning the 
various generations of the Hughes family, and were it not for the honored 
cooperation of Lydia Annie Hughes, H5, and Fanny Wormald Sadler, H6, 
it would not have been possible to make the record as complete as it is. 
I have also carefully written out', in chronological order, under the per- 
sonal direction of my mother, three separate records of the family in 
three Bibles having space especially provided for a lengthy record, and 
presented by her to the three branches of her family having issue. These 
records are complete as follows: 

Pertaining to my deceased sister, Lucinda Blackmore (Sullivan) 
Davis, H7, H7(4-4), from Stephen Hughes, HI, in direct line to and in- 
cluding her youngest son, Vincent Rawlings Davis, H8, (H8(4-5), and also 
her death. 

Pertaining to my elder brother, Warwick Miller Sullivan, H7, H7(4-4), 
from Stephen Hughes, HI, in direct line to the birth and deatli of his 
youngest son, my namesake, Richard Hunter Sullivan, H8, H8(4-5). 

Pertaining to myself, from Stephen Hughes, HI, in direct line to my 
daughter's second child, Ralph Potts, Jr., H9, H9(4-6). 

The untimely death in 1899 of my sister, Lucinda Blackmore (Sul- 
livan) Davis, who had planned an extended history of the family, fol- 
lowed five years later by the death of our beloved mother, has been an- 
other incentive in the preparation of this family history, and the work has 
now been completed as a memorial to both. 

Waiving my opinions and judgment in favor of advice from all con- 
cerned in the preparation of these pages, it has been decided to include 
a statement regarding the younger of the joint authors of this family 

I was born nearly 57 years ago in Madison, Indiana, in the same 
house where most of my mother's children first saw the light of day. My 
last photograph at the age of 50 years appears herein. I was educated 
largely by my mother and in the liigh school at' Madison, from which two 
of my 'brothers and my two sisters were graduated, and later I took 
special courses under private tutors in college science, Latin, English and 

After leaving school, I became connected with the Madison Courier, 
established in 1837, where I acquired a thorough knowledge of all kinds 
of printing and printing machinery, passing through all the successive 
stages from shoveling coal under a four-horsepower boiler to foreman. 
I first left home in 1885 to become foreman and assistant editor of the 
Vevay (Ind.) Reveille. Returning home that summer in bad health, I 
suffered a very severe attack of typhoid fever. In January, 1886, I went 
to Louisville and became connected with the Courier-Journal as a com- 
positor with occasional side work as reporter. Like most young men of 
that period, I had always cherished a desii-e to see the country, and in my 
travels I performed similar service on the New Orleans Picayune, Cin- 
cinnati Times-Star, Pittsburgh Post and Commercial-Gazette, Washington 
Republican, Star and Capitol, Congressional Record in the Government 
Printing Office at Washington, New York Herald, Boston Globe, Newton 
(Mass.) Observer, Waltham Times, Richmond (Va.) Whig and Post- 
Dispatch, Norfolk Landmark and Jacksonville (Fla.) Times-Union. While 
in Boston, Newton and Waltham, I attended lectures in science, English 
and history under private tutors from Harvard. 


The free and easy life of the newspaper fraternity in those days, 
before the introduction of typesetting machinery, palled on me as wholly 
at variance with my training at home, and I continued to prepare myself 
for some more congenial life work. Returning to Louisville, I passed 
the mental examination required for entry into the Signal Corps, U. S. A,, 
while again working as a compositor on the Courier-Journal; and, 
after passing the physical examination at the U. S. Arsenal at Indian- 
apolis, Indiana, I enlisted for five years as a private soldier, for detail in 
the meteorological branch, on September 24, 1887, and was assigned to duty 
at that point. Two years later I was assigned to Kansas City, Missouri, 
where 1 married Clara Alda Amberg, of Indianapolis. My young wife 
accompanied me on my new detail to Denver, Colorado, a few days after 
our marriage in June, 1890. Meanwhile, Congress passed an act, creating 
the Weather Bureau of the Department of Agriculture and transferring 
all the meteorological work of the U. S. Signal Corps to that bureau, and 
also provided for honorable discharges to all enlisted men of the Signal 
Corps who elected to make the transfer. I decided to change and was 
accordingly discharged from the army after military service of tliree 
years and eight months and became an observer in the Weather Bureau. 

Our first child, Esther Louise, was born while my wife was visiting 
her mother in Indianapolis. Our second child, Warwick Amberg, was 
born at our home in Denver. 

On the death of two men in close succession, about 1893, one in 
charge of the Denver station and the other in charge of the Colorado 
State Weather Service, the two offices were combined, and I became the 
first assistant or chief clerk. In the spring of 1896, I was reassigned to 
Indianapolis as first assistant, having charge of tlie general printing of the 
station publications and the climatological reports of the State of Indiana, 
with a short special detail that summer to Nashville, Tennessee. 

While in Indianapolis, our younger son, Richard Franklin, was born. 

In the latter part of 1902, I was assigned to charge of the station at 
Grand Junction, Colorado, and we made a second pilgrimage to that 
State. It may be said here that this assignment offered my first real 
opportunity for Independent action on a general educational plane in the 
interest of the public. Frost fighting by smudges and oil heaters in the 
orchards of the Grand Valley, among the largest and finest' in that State, 
was introduced on a large scale, and thi-s work later reached the pro- 
portions of such activities in the extensive fruit districts of California. 
We purchased a home in Grand Junction and were prepared to make a 
long stay there; but in the summer of 1905, I was transferred to charge 
of the station at Wichita, Kansas, considered in the service as a much 
more important assignment, with the title of Local Forecaster. 
Orchard heating operations and experiments were continued, with 
enlargement in educational fields. Our large acquaintance in Wichita 
after a residence there of about eight years, and the fact that our two 
older children were educated in Fairmount College there, have made all 
of us look upon the place as home, and our hearts ever turn with fond- 
ness to the many friends left behind when we removed to this State in 
the spring of 1913. 

I was assigned to Columbia, S. C, as Meteorologist and Section Direc- 
tor in charge of all tlie climatological work of the Weather Bureau in 
South Carolina, as well as in charge of the river and flood work of the 
Santee River District, comprising five flashy streams, which form the 
principal river system of the State. In former times the Santee and its 
two immediate tributaries were used for steamboat navigation from Cam- 
den and Columbia to Georgetown, on the sea. In 1914, my wife, my 
younger son and myself made a trip from Columbia to Georgetown and 
return in a steamboat that was formerly in the Ohio River trade above 
Cincinnati and was brought to Columbia via the Mississippi River, tlie 
Gulf of Mexico, and the South Atlantic Ocean. This and other profes- 


sional trips over the State have been significant to me in two ways — 
one as an element of pleasure, and the other, a general conception of the 
virgin state of the wilderness of the original thirteen colonies as late as 
Revolutionary times, for much of the swamp regions of this State is still 
as wild as in the time when Jean Ribaut and his Huguenots on Port 
Royal Island were driven out or killed by Don Menendez de Aviles, nearly 
a century before our ancestors settled in Virginia. 

The disintegration of our family circle began when our older son 
married a South Carolina lady in the early part of 1915, followed that 
summer by the marriage of our daughter to a college classmate, a gen- 
tleman of fine family, formerly of Illinois. Our youngest son is still at 
home here with us. 

I am or have been connected with the following bodies, according 
to circumstances of residence, etc.: 

Member of the Woodmen of the World, Pacific Jurisdiction, Harmony 
Camp No. 45, Denver, Colorado; member of the Grand Junction Literary 
Society; member of Board of Directors of Grand Junction Chamber of 
Commerce; member of Wichita Club and Chamber of Commerce; Prompter 
of the Sedgwick County {Kan.) Horticultural Society; lay reader and 
teacher of the Bible class in St. John's Episcopal Church, Wichita, for 
three years; honorary member of Wichita Dental Society; organizer and 
first president of the Kansas State Audubon Society, which had large in- 
fluence toward having the Legislature enact a law protecting about 300 
species of useful non-game birds and regulating the bag of 46 species of 
game birds; one of charter members and second president of LeConte 
Scientific Society at University of South Carolina, Columbia; vestryman 
of Church of the Good Shepherd, Episcopal, Columbia; member of Amer- 
ican Meteorological Society; member of American Association for the 
Advancement of Science; member of Indiana Society, Sons of the Revo- 
lution; Senior Warden, Richland Lodge No. 39, F. and A. M., the strongest 
Masonic lodge in South Carolina. 

The scope of the work accomplished during the last twenty years, 
both in the public service and outside tliat immediate field, may be indi- 
cated in the following list of addresses, lectures and papers: 


General Work of the Weather Bureau, with stereopticon illustrations; 
Court House, Grand Junction, Colorado, 1904. 

So-called Change of Climate in the Semi-arid West; Kansas State 
Bankers' Association, Anthony, Kansas, 1907, published in whole by 
Wichita Eagle and Beacon. This address, rearranged by request of the 
Chief U. S. Weather Bureau, was published in the Year Book of the De- 
partment of Agriculture, 1908. 

Relation of the Weather Bureau to the Agriculturalist; Farmers' 
Institute, Hackney, near Winfield, Kansas, 1909, published in Arkansas 
"Valley Farmer. 

Conservation of Moisture for the Proper Growth of Vegetation; 
Sedgwick County (Kans.) Horticultural Society, 1909, published in 
Wichita Eagle. 

Precipitation, Forests and Stream Flow; Library Club, Falrmount 
College, Wichita, 1910. 

Folk Lore, in three subjects: Horizon of Early Superstition; Witch- 
craft and Kindred Considerations, and Astrology, Divination and Plane- 
taiy Meteorology; Sedgwick County (Kans.) Horticultural Society, 1912; 
Unitarian Church, Wichita, 1913; LeConte Scientific Society, Columbia, 
1915; Columbia College for Women, 1918, by request of faculty. 

Origin of Things as Viewed by the Scientific Christian; by request 
of Plymouth, Fellowship and United Brethren Churches; Library Club, 
Fairmount College; Colored Y. M. C. A., Wichita, 1908, 1909 and 1910. 


Religious and Sociological, three lectures: Treachery of Absalom, 
Woman in History, and Militant Church; All Saints', St. Augustine's and 
St. Stephen's Episcopal Churches, Wichita, 1909 and 1910. 

Protection of Shade Trees; Columbia, S. C, City Council, 1914. 


Popular Meteorology, three subject's: Atmosphere, Storms Common 
to the United States, and the Work of the Weather Bureau, with stere- 
opticon illustrations; High School, Grand Junction, Colorado, 1904; 
Friends University student body, Wichita, 1913; Columbia College for 
Women, 1918, the students being graded in first two. Similar work has 
been done before the Columbia high and private schools, at intervals, 
1914 to 1920. 

Annual lectures at University of South Carolina, second semester: 
First, Explanation of Methods in Weather Bureau Office; second, techni- 
cal lecture on Forecasting and on the Four Types of Storms Common to 
the United States, 50 minutes, in lecture room of Professor of Geology, 
before Physiography class. 

War Preparation: Twenty-four set lectures of one hour each to four 
engineers, detailed at the Columbia Weather Bureau Office, from Camp 
Gordon, Georgia, December, 1917, and January, 1918. The course covered 
general and secondary atmospheric circulation in connection with avia- 
tion and artillery practice, moisture, cloud movement, winds, technical 
forecasting, etc. The men were graduates of Bucknell, Drexell, Uni- 
versity of Syracuse and University of Minnesota (and of Tomsk, Siberia). 
They all went to France with the engineers, and all returned safely. 

Lectures in Ornithology, second semester, Fairmount College, Wichita, 
Kansas: Feathered Kingdom, 1909; Food Habits of the Commoner Birds, 
1910; Migration of Birds, 1911; Incubation of Eggs and Thermal Rela- 
tions Thereto, Functions of Nests, and Protective Coloration of Animals, 
1912. The students were graded in this work. 


History and Theories of Earthquakes and Volcanic Eruptions, 1901; 
published in Indianapolis Press and News and widely copied. 

Smudge Fires for Prevention of Frost; Grand Junction, Colorado, 
1904; Monthly Weather Review, 1904, page 229. 

Notes on Mammals of Western Colorado; issued in connection with 
publication of Colorado College. Colorado Springs, Colorado, 1904. 

The Weather Bureau and Its Work; Wichita (Kan.) Eagle, 1905. 

Eclipses and Periodic Return of Mars to the Field for Good Observa- 
tion; Wichita (Kan.) Beacon, 1905. 

Protecting Orchards from Spring Frosts; Sedgwick County (Kan.) 
Horticultural Society. 1908. 

Is There Any Reason Why an Early Easter is Followed by an Early 
Spring and a Late Easter by a Late Spring?; Sedgwick County (Kan.) 
Horticultural Society, 1910. 

Smudge Pots for Prevention of Frost, Wichita, Kansas; Monthly 
Weather Review, 1910, page 412. 

The Mole; Sedgwick County (Kan.) Horticultural Society, 1910; 
published in Wichita Star and Agricultural Southwest. 

The Order Diptera— the Horse Fly and His Kin; Sedgwick County 
(Kan.) Horticultural Society, 1912; published in Wichita Star. 

Relation of the Weather Bureau to the Horticulturalist; Kansas State 
Horticultural Society, Topeka, Kansas, 1910, and published in the proceed- 
ings of the Society. This paper deals with orchard heating and artificial 
frost prevention in all its technical details, obtained from laborious tests 
and experiments. 


Artificial Rainmaking; newspaper controversy with two so-called rain- 
makers; Wichita (Kan.) Eagle, 1911. 

Bird Publications: Birds of Mesa County, Colorado, in Rockwell list, 
Condor, Pasadena, California, 1908, 93 species; Economic Importance of 
Non-Game Birds, Wichita Star, 1908; Birds Our Benefactors, Breeders' 
Special, Kansas City, Missouri, 1910; Economic Value of Bird Life, Kan- 
sas State Agricultural College, Manhattan, 1910, College Extension Pam- 
phlet for Farmers; Relation of Bird Life to the Horticulturalist', 1910, 
proceedings of Kansas State Horticultural Society. 

Climatology of Wichita and Sedgwick County, Kansas, and So-called 
Change of Climate, 1910; History of Sedgwick County, 2 volumes. 

Climatology of Wichita, Kansas, 1912; published for office distribu- 

Changes in the Water Flow of Arkansas River; Wichita (Kan.) 
Beacon, 1911. 

Unusual Hailstorm (with tremendous hailstones) at Wichita, Kan- 
sas, 1912; Monthly weather Review, page 739, recopied in Quarterly Jour- 
nal of Royal Meteorological Society, London, 1912, page 302. 

Air Drainage in Locust Hill Orchards, Meriwether, S. C; South Car- 
olina Monthly Climatological Report, March, 1914. 

Desitructive Hailstorm in Northern South Carolina; South Car- 
olina Monthly Climatological Report, July, 1914. 

The Great Floods in the Santee River System in North and South 
Carolina, with over $10,000,000 damage; South Carolina Monthly Climato- 
logical Report, July, 1916. 

The Great South Carolina Meteor; South Carolina Monthly Climato- 
logical Report, April, 1918, and Monthly Weather Review, page 357. 

To those who will come after us, it may be observed from the above 
that' a Weather Bureau official must be versatile in order to meet ques- 
tions from all angles, requirements demanded of probably no other at- 
taches of the public service. In a recent publication regarding the per- 
sonnel of this servi \ it was stated that, of all the observers transferred 
from tlie Signal Corps in 1891, 155 have withstood the hand of time, or 
38 per cent of the entire force with which the Weather Bureau began. 

So, now, after over 33 years of professional life myself, and after 
over 30 years of companionship in our wanderings, we have grown gray 
in service, Alda and I. She has entered info the spirit of my whole life, 
both as regards the many griefs that befell my mother's family in past 
years and also as regards the many changes of residence and of leaving 
friends to go among strangers In strange lands. Our aim in life has 
been to fit the children to make better citizens than we have t>een, re- 
membering with commendable pride, the sturdy stock from whence they 
came. She, the companion of the years and tlie jewel of my heart, is 
still by my side, and is content. The God of our fathers has been good 
to us. Laborwm dulce lenivien. 








He was of Langdon, Staffordshire, England. 
WALTER ASTON (Aston, ), 2. 

Born, 1607. 

Married — 1 : Warbrow or Norbrow; 2: Hannah 

Died, April 6, 1656. 
Emigrated to Virginia about 1628 and settled in Charles City County. 
His tombstone may still be seen (1905) in old Westover Churchyard; was 
Justice of the Peace and Lieutenant (Colonel of the county; was Burgess 
for Shirley Hundred Island, 1629-30; for Shirley Hundred, the Farrars and 
Chaplains, February, 1631-32; Shirley Hundred and Cawsey's Care, Sep- 
tember, 1632-33, and for Charles City County, 1642-43. 

This service in the Virginia Assembly makes his female descendants 
eligible to the Colonial Dames. 
MARY ASTON (Aston, ; Aston, ), 3. 


Married , Richard Cocke, CI. 


JOHN COCKE (Aston ; Aston, ; Aston, Cocke), or COX, 

as he spelled his name, 4, C2. 
Born, 1647. 

Married, Mary Davis. 


His will was probated February 1, 1696, in Henrico County, Virginia. 

WILLIAM COCKE-COX (Aston, ; Aston ; Aston, 

Cocke; Cocke-Cox, Davis), 5, C3W. 


Married, 1695, Sarah Perrin. 
Died, 1711. 
He returned to the original orthography, but the new form, COX, is 
used for subsequent lineage in both the Aston and Cocke (COX) lines. 
See Henry Cocke-Cox, his brother, C3H. 

MARTHA COX (Aston, ; Aston, ; Aston, Cocke; 

Cocke, Davis; Cox, Perrin), 6, C4W. 


Married, October 13, 1723, Henry Wood, W2. 

MARTHA WOOD (Aston, ; Aston ; Aston, Cocke; 

Cocke, Davis; Cox, Perrin; CoX, Wood), 7, C5W. 
Born, 1735, in Goochland County, Virginia. 
Married, July 17, 1751, Col. William Meriwether, M4, son of David 

Meriwether and Ann (Holmes), his wife. 
Died, October 17, 1801, at the homestead of her son-in-law. Major 

John Hughes, Jr., H3, in Jefferson County, Kentucky, and 

was interred in the old Hughes plantation, 7 miles below 



ANNE MERIWETHER (Aston, ; Aston ; Aston, 

Cocke; Cocke, Davis; Cox, Perrin; Cox, Wood; Wood, Meri- 
wether), 8, C6W. 
Born, October 12, 1767. 

Married, in 1783, John Hughes, Jr., H3, son of John Hughes, H2, 
and Judith (Neville), N2, his wife. By this marriage, the 
eight original lines were united. 
Died, May 3, 1820. 
For Anus, see Page 15, Crozier's General Armory. 
For subsequent lineage, see Anne Meriwether, M5, and John Hughes, 
Jr., H3. 



Born, about 1600. 

Married— 1: , ; 2: Mary Aston, A3. 

■ Died, 1665, at his homestead, Bremo or Bremore, Henrico County. 
He came from the vicinity of Malvern Hills, England, and is believed 
to be nearly connected with the Cockes, of Gloucester, whose magnificent 
seat, Eastnor Castle, is about midway between the cities of Gloucester 
and 'Worcester, England. The date of Richard Cocke's immigration to 
Virginia is not exactly known, but he patented 100 acres of land in Eliza- 
beth City in 1628; 3,000 acres in Henrico County in 1636; 2,000 acres in 
Henrico County in 1639 and 2,842 acres in Henrico County In 1652; and, 
together with John Beauchamp, patented 2,974 acies in 1664. 

Richard Cocke was Lieutenant Colonel of Henrico County, Member 
of the House of Burgesses for Weyanoke in 1632 and for Henrico County 
In 1644 and 1654; was appointed Sheriff of Henrico County in 1655, when 
he resigned his seat in the Assemblv. His will, dated October 4, 1665, Is 
on record in the clerk's office of Henrico County, witnessed by Henry 
Randolph and Henry Isham. It is sealed in wax, implying arms. 
His descendents are eligible to the Colonial Dames. 

JOHN COCKE (Aston ; Aston ; Cocke-Aston), or 

COX, as he spelled his name, 2, A4. 
Born, 1647. 

Married Mary Davis. 


His will was probated February 1, 1696, In Henrico County, Virginia. 

HENRY COCKE-COX (Aston ; Aston ; Aston, 

Cocke; Cocke-Cox, Davis), 3, ASH. 




His brother William, A5W, returned to the original orthography, but 
the new form, COX, is used for subsequent lineage in both the Cocke 
(Cox) and Aston lines. 

RICHARD COX (Aston ; Aston ; Aston, Cocke; 

Cocke-Cox, Davis ; Cox ) , 4, A6H. 

Born, November 8, 1761. 

Married , Nancy ^(Nei(Ule) Hughes, N3, daughter of John 

Hughes, H2, and Nancy' (Neville), N2, his wife. 
Died, January 12, 1830. 
The children of JUchard Cox and Nancy (Neville-Hughes), H3, N3, 

TARLETON, 5, born ; married Lucinda Amos; died February 28, 



RICHARD HUGHES, 5, born ; married Martha Jane Waide, his 

cousin; died, March 7, 1859, having issue. 
ESTHER, 5, born October 25, 1787; married John Hughes, H4, May 25, 

1809; d;ed January 14, 1850, liaving issue. 
ELIZABETH, 5, born ; married Thomas Prather; died 

having issue. See M3, slietch. 

VINCENT, 5, born ; died unmarried August 15, 1831. 

ABNER, 5, born ; died unmarried, August, 1833. 

Richard Cox, 4, and liis wife emigrated to Jefferson County, Kentucky, 
about 1801. The Cox family Bible, presented by Tarleton, 5, to his sister, 
Esther, 5, is in possession of Richard Hughes Sullivan, H7, 117(4-4). 
Fanny Wormald Sadler, 116, has written under date of September 28, 
1920: "Aunt Elizabeth Prather, an older sister (of Esther Cox, 5), was 
Betty Prather Robbins' grandmother. Betty's father was Thomas, named 
for his father, who, with an older brother, Richard, settled in Hickman 
or Fulton County, where members of the family still live. Uncle Richard 
Cox. 5, my grandmother Esther's brother, was Cousia- Emma's father and 
your Uncle Charlie's wife's father." I visited Betty (Prather) in Louis- 
ville in 1916, when she was living on the Bardstown Road. She died 
several years ago, and Mr. Robbins, whom I knew well, died some 25 or 30 
years before, leaving a large family. 

Under date of October 14, 1881, Martha Hughes, H4, made the fol- 
lowing notation regarding Richard C)ox: "* * * The writing inclosed in 
this envelope is taken from the copy book he used when sixteen years 
of age (about 1777). This is the only souvenir I have of him." The writ- 
ings, now in my possession, comprise problems in arithmetic, together 
with his signature. 

ESTHER COX (Aston ; Aston, ; Aston, Cocke; 

Cocke-Cox, Davis; Cox, ; Cox, Hughes), 5, A7H. 

Born, October 25, 1787. 

Married, May 25, 1809, John Hughes, H4, son of John Hughes, Jr., 
H3, and Anne (Meriwether), M5, his wife; they were first 
Died, January 14, 1850. 

For subsequent lineage, see John Hughes, H4. 



Born, prior to 1700, probably in England. 

Married — 1: , ; 2. Lucy Thomas 

Died, 1752. 
In a letter from Lydia Annie Hughes, H5, of Mt. Carmel, Illinois, 
under date of September 19, 1920, is the following: "Visited the New- 
berry Library at Chicago in search of our Neville English ancestry last 
November, * * * and was greatly disappointed at finding no mention 
of Capt. James Neville, St. Anne Parish, Albemarle County, Virginia, 
born ante 1760, with some such entry as 'immigrated to Va.' This would 
have enabled me to trace that most distinguished line back to its York- 
shire or other English derivation." In another letter, under date of 
November 7, 1920, she writes: "Capt. James Neville, of St. Anne Parish, 
Albemarle County, Virginia, was probably the son of John Neville, of 

Isle of Wight County, Virginia. * * * He married—flrst: 

with issue of one son and three daughters; second, Lucy Thomas, 

, with issue of one son and five daughters. Will dated March 

7, 1752, and proved November 9, 1752, in which year he died. Owned land 
on the south side of James River in 1724. Captain of Goochland County, 
1740, (Goochland and Albemarle Counties were at one time united). Lucy, 
widow of James Neville, married, second, Abraham Childress. I have 


known several of the Virginia Nevilles, the Michaux, Archers, etc. * * * 
I have never been satisfied that Admiral John Neville was of our stock. 
None of the Virginia relatives claim him. I think it very probable, how- 
ever, that he was related to Capt. James Neville." She quotes William 
and Mary Quarterly, Vol. XIX, Page 61. Although the connection has 
never been authenticated, many of our Kentucky relatives were of the 
opinion last stated, and therefore, as a matter of record, I feel justified 
in including in these notes a short sketch obtained by Martha Hughes, 
115, in 1856, as follows: "Admiral Neville's remains lie in a tomb of 
black marble in the old graveyard of St. John's Parish, near Hampton, 
Elizabeth County, Virginia. Tradition had located an old church in this 
old burying grcmnd, which is on the Pembroke Farm, now owned by John 
Jones, Esq. The niaible slab from which the inscription was copied is 
two feet beneath the surface of the earth." — Richard Hughes Sullivan, 
H7, H7(4-4). 

(Copy of Inscription.) 

M Here lyes the body of 

John NeviU Esqr. Vice Admiral 
of His Majestyes Fleet and Commander 
in chief of ye squadron cruising 
in the West Indies, 
Who dyed on board ye Caimbridge 
* the 17th day of August, 1697, 
in ye ninth yeare of the reigne of 
King William the third 
Aged 53 years 

JUDITH NEVILLE (Neville, Thomas), 2. 

Born, April 3, 1745. 

Married — 1: , John Hughes, H2; 2 — : 

iRobert Mitchell, of Ireland. 


Some time after the death of John Hughes, 2, Judith (Neville) mar- 
ried Robert Mitchell, of Ireland. They left two children, i. e., William, 
who nuirried Ann Arniistead, daughter of John, Jr., M5, and Mary 
(Thomas) Arniistead, and a daughter, Sally, who married a son of Gen. 
William Scott, of Virginia. The date of Judith (Neville-Hughes) 
Mitchell's death is not known. — Martha Hughes, H5. 

JOHN HUGHES, Jr., (Neville, Thomas; Neville, Hughes), 3. 
Born, August 11, 1763. 

Married , 1783, Anne Meriwether, M5, A8. 

Died, December 11, 1842. 

NANCY NEVILLE HUGHES (Neville, Thomas; Neville, Hughes), 3NNH. 
Born, November 13, 1765. 

Married Richurd Cox, C41I, A6H, of Powhatan County, 

Died, January 27, 1843. 
She was a sister of the next preceding. For other sisters not in this 
roster and for their connection with the Cunlil'fe and other lines, see 
John Hughes, H2, and William Cunliffe. Cf2. 

For subsequent lineage, see: 1 — John Hughes, Jr., H3, M5. 2 Nancy 
(Neville-Hughes) Cox, C4H; H4 and H5. 




Born, in England. 

Murried, Rachel 


HENRY WOOD (Wood ), 2. 

Born, July 8, 1696, in London, England. 

Married, Marlha Cocke (Cox), A6W, October 13, 1723, at Bremo 

or Breuiore, Henrico County, Virginia. 
Died, May 2, 1757. 
His tomb is preserved at "Woodville," iiis old homestead, about 12 
miles north of Goochland C. IL, Virginia. For 40 years he was attorney- 
at-law and county clerk of Goochland and owned one of the few libraries 
in the colonies at this early period. His son, Valentine, succeeded him 
as Clerk of Goochland County. A statement of account between him and 
his brother-in-law. Will Meriwether, from 1750 to 1771, is in possession 
of Lydia Annie Hughes, H5. This Valentine Wood, W3, A7W, married a 
sister of Patrick Henry, the great orator of the Revolution. Their 
daughter, Mary Wood, was the mother of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, C S. 
A. See reprint herein of letter of Patrick Henry, copied from the Meri- 
wether Genealogical Record, 1889, in regard to this family. 

MARTHA WOOD (Wood, ; Cocke-Cox), 3. 

Born, 1735, in Goochland County, Virginia. 

Married, July 17, 1751, Col. William Meriwether, M4, Cr5, son of 

David Meriwether and Ann (Holmes), his wife. 
Died, O'ctober 17, 18U1, in Jefferson County, Kentucky. 

ANNE MERIWETHER (Wood, ; Wood, Cocke-Cox; Wood, 

Meriwether), 4, M5, H3. 
Born, October 12, 1767. 

Married, in 1783, John Hughes, Jr., H3, son of John Hughes, H2, 
and Judith (Neville), N2, his wife. By this marriage, the 
eight original lines were united. 
Died, May 3, 1820. 
For subsequent lineage, see John Hughes, Jr., H3. 



Born , in Wales; emigrated to Virginia in 




Born, 1691, in Wales. 

Married, Stephen Hughes, HI. 

Died, April 28, 1775, in, Richmond, Virginia, in the 84th year of 
her age. 
The Tarletons came from a fine old family seat near Wrexham, in 
the northern part of the Welsh principality. Col. Banister Tarleton, the 
noted Revolutionary soldier, was a relative of Stephen Tarleton and his 
Virginia descendents. In 1914 and 1916, while on professional business, 
one of the compilers of this general family hi.story, and a kinsman of 
the 8th and 7th generations in this and the Hughes Hues respectively, 
visited the old Francis Marion plantation and the region around Eutaw 
Springs, S. C, where the Battle of Eutaw Springs was, fought. 
JOHN HUGHES (Tarleton, ; Tarleton, Hughes), 3. 

Born, January 24, 1739. 

Married, Judith Neville, N2, daughter of James Neville 

and Lucy (Thomas), his wife. 

Died, April 19, 1774; he was an only son. 
For subsequent lineage, see John Hughes, H2. 



Born in Scotland, anc/ said to be lineally descended from 

Sir Ronald Crawiord, the uncle and protector of Sir William 



He came to Virginia about 1630, bringing with him an only child, 
David, 2, and settled in New I-ient County. His plantation was called 

DAVID CRAWFORD (Crawford ), 2. 

Born in Scotland. 



ELIZABETH CRAWFORD (Crawford, , Crawford, ), 3. 

Born, 1650, iu Virginia. 

Married , Nicholas Meriwether, M2. 


DAVID MERIWETHER (Crawford ; Crawford, ; 

Crawford, Meriwether), 4. 


Married Ann Holmes, daughter of Ceorge Holmes, of 

King and Queen County, Virginia. 
Died, December 25, 1741. 
For Arms, see Page 45, Crozier's General Armory. 
For subsequent lineage, see David Meriwether, M3. 



Born, , in Wales. 

Married Anne Elizabeth Price. 

Died, December 19, 1678. 
The emigration of Nicholas, Ml, to Virginia, has never been authen- 
ticated. However, his three sons, Nicholas, William and David, came 
from Wales and settled in the Old Dominion. Hon. George R. Gilmer, 
late Governor of Georgia, sixth in this line through Mildred (Meriwether) 
Gilmer, M5, grandxlaughler of David Meriwether, MS, and Ann (Holmes), 
his wife, in a sketch of this f;uinly, remarks: 

"The family brought more wealth to Virginia than was usual for 
emigrants in the 17th century. The first Meriwethers were peculiar In 
person, manners and habits. They were rather low in stature, their 
heads were very round, their complexions dark and their eyes bright 
hazel. They were industrious and exceedingly economical, yet ever ready 
to serve the sick and those who needed their assistance; they were sim- 
ple in their dress and manner, frank in temper and social in their inter- 
course; they were too proud to be vain, looking to their own thoughts 
and conduct rather than to what others might think of them ♦ * * 
They were slow in forming opinions and obstinate in adhering to them; 
they were inquisitive and knowing, but their investigations were minute 
and accurate, rather than speculative and profound. Mr. Jefferson, late 
President of the United States, said of Col. Nicholas Meriwether, (M4, 
son of Thomas, MS, and grandson of Nicholas, M2), that he was the most 
sensible man he ever knew. Hon. William H. Crawford, of the State of 
Georgia, made the same remark of this brother, Frank Meriwether, M4." 

Nicholas Meriwether died at an advanced age. 
NICHOLAS MERIWETHER (Meriwether. Price), 2. 

Born, October 26, 1647. 
" Married, Elizabeth Crawford, CrS, daughter of David Crawford, 
gentleman, of Assasquin, New Kent County, Virginia. 

Died, Autumn of 1744. 


He was interred on the east bank of Rivanna* River, in the vicinity 
of Charlottesville (Jefferson's Notes on Virginia, 1787). He acquired 
great wealth in land and negroes, including a 17,952-acre grant by George 
n of England in 1730. 

Jane, his eldest daughter, married Robert Lewis, of "Belvoir/' in 
Albenuu'le County, Virginia. A son of this marriage. Fielding Lewis, 
married Betty Washington, only sister of our tirst President. Their home 
is still standing in Fredericksburg, Va., and here Mary Washington, 
mother of the President, died. (Century Magazine, Vol. 43, Page 834). — 
Lydia Annie Hughes, H5. 

"The Lewis family, of eastern Virginia, is of Welsh origin. Their 
ancestor. Gen. Robert Lewis, whose name is favorably mentioned in Eng- 
lish history, came from Wales to Gloucester County, Virginia, in the lat- 
ter i>art of the seventeenth century, and there lived and died. His son, 
Robert, who also lived and died in Ciloucester, had three sons — Fielding, 
John and Charles. (Of the two last, I have received no account. Mr. 
Fielding Lewis, of Weyanoke, Charles City County, was doubtless a 
descendant of one of them). Col. Fielding Lewis, sou of the second 
Robert, removed to Fredericksburg early in life; was a merchant of high 
standing and wealth, a vestryman, magistrate and burgess and, during the 
Revolution, being a genuine patriot, sui>eriutended the manufacture of 
arms in the neighborhood. He was twice married. His first wife was 
- the cousin and his second wife the sister of General Washington. The 
children of his second marriage were six" tl-Melding, George, Elizabeth, 
Lawrence, Robert and Howell."— Meade's Old Churches, Mini.sters and 
Families of Virginia, Page 232, copied by Lydia Annie Hughes, 115. 

DAVID MERIWETHER (Meriwether, Price; Meriwether, Crawford), 3. 


Married, , Ann Holmes, daughter of George Holmes, of 

King and Queen County, Virginia. 
Died, December 25, 1744. Ann (Holmes) died March 11, 1735. 

The interment of David Meriwether was near his father, on the 
Rivanna River, near Chailottesville, Virginia. His will was recorded 
January 22, 1745, in Louisa County, Virginia. The eldest son, Thomas, 
M4, born about 1714 or 1715 -died about 1756 or 1757, married Elizabeth 
Thornton, of Frederick.sburg, Virginia, Lo whom were born three sons 
and eight daughters. The eighth child, Lucy, M5, married Col. William 
Lewis, son of elder Robert Lewis, who was executor and son-in-law of 
Nicholas Meriwether, M2; she was married twice; of the first union were 
born Meriwether Lewis; Reuben Lewis, who married Mildred Dabney, 
and Jane Lewis, who married Edmond Anderson; of the second union, 
with John Marks, were born John Marks, M. D., and Mary Marks, who 
married William Moore, adoi-ted son of his aunt, Mrs. Davenport, and 
removed to Alabama. Col. William Lewis and Capt. John Marks were 
both officers in the Revolutionary Army. Lucy (Meriwether-Lewis) 
Marks was born February 4, 1752, and died September 8, 1837. 

Three grandsons of David Meriwether, M3, i. e., David, James and 
William, sons of James Mei-iwether, M4, and Judith H;a-denia (Burnley), 
his wife, were officers in the Revolutionary Army. David and James 
finally became generals. James and William were attached to the 
Illinois Regiment under Col. George Rogers Chuk iis lieutenant and 
ensign, respectively, in 1778. The detachment, con.sisting of less than 
2UU men, captured Kaskasia July 4 ami Cahokia July G, in that year, and 
on February 24, 1779, Col. Hamilton surrendered VIncennes, or O Post, 
as it was then called, "thus adding three entire states and part of a 
fourth, to the old (Commonwealth of Virginia" (Lydia Annie Hughes). 

Meriwether Lewis, MG, rose from a volunteer in the trocjps called out 
to quell the whiskey rebellion in western Pennsylvania in 1794 to a cap- 
taincy in the regular service between 1795 and 18(J0, and was private 
secretary to President Jefferson between 1801 and 1803. He was recom- 

28 FED10REE8 

mended by the President to Congress as commander of an expedition 
across tlie continent to the Pacific Ocean, including the upper portion 
of the Territory of Louisiana, acquired from France, in 18t04. His lieu- 
tenant was Capt. William Clark, of St. Louis, and the personnel was 30 
men. The enterprise is now known as the Lewis and Clark Expedition; 
he was afterward Governor of Missouri Territory. George Wood Men- 
wether, M6, states that he was assassinated by a French servant in the 
Chickasaw Nation while en route from St. Louis to Washington, Octuber 
17, 1809, but American Cyclopedia, Vol. X, P. 386, states that he died 
October 11, 1809, near Nashville, Tennessee; he was born August 18, 
1774. Francis Meriwether, M4, second son of David, M3, and brother of 
Thomas, M4, was born about 1717 and married a sister of John Lewis, 
Esq., an eminent lawyer of Virginia; he lived in S,P'Otsylvania County, 
Virginia, and afterward removed to South Carolina, where he died, leav- 
ing a large family; among his children were Zachery, Nicholas and Mary, 
and it is more than probable that it was from this branch of the family 
the town of Meriwether, McCormick County (old Edgefield County), 
derived its name; some of his descendents are still living in that vicinity 

George Meriwether, M5, son of Nicholas, M4, son of David, MS, married 
Mary Pryor; their daughter Frances, M6, married Capt. Basil Prather; 
the youngest daughter, Martha, M7, married Dr. Warwick Miller, of Jef- 
ferson County, Kentucky, after whom my eldest brother, Warwick 
Miller Sullivan, was named. I recall one or two of the Miller children as 
living on or near the old Cane Run Road. As a matter of common inter- 
est in this connection, I have extracted the following from a letter writ- 
ten in Louisville by Fanny Wormald Sadler, H6, under date of September 
30, 1920: 

"Aunt Betsy Prather's husband, Thomas, was only brother of 
Mrs. Martha (Patsy) Prather Miller, the mother of Dr. John and his 
twin sister, Annie, my neighbors in the country (on the Cane Run 
Road). Aunt Betsy's children included Cousins George, Lindsay, 
Nannie and Betty. Their homestead was out on the Newberry Road, 
not far from Prescott Road, and very near Camp Zachery Taylor. 
You must have heard your mother speak of Uncle Tarleton's family, 
Cousins Virginia, Richard, Vincent, Laura and Ellen, and Willie, who 
died more than two years ago. We, Bettie (Prather) Robbins and I, 
were near the same age, children together. 

"Uncle Prather's mother was Frances Meriwether, a niece of my 
great grandmother, Anne Meriwether, Mrs. Warwick Miller thus 
being my mother's second cousin. My neighbors considered me their 
kinswoman and ever showed an affectionate interest in me. 

"Cousin Annie's children are all dead, except Grace, who lives 
in Portland, Oregon, having married a second time, and has children 
grown. Dr. Miller's two sons live here in Louisville. Francis is 
Vice President of the Louisville Railway Company. Robert, the 
younger, a lawyer, served in the revenue department, Washington, 
D. C, during the war." 

WILLIAiM MERIWETHER (Meriwether, Price; Meriwether, Crawford; 
Meriwether, Holmes), 4. 
Born, December 25, 1730. 
Married, July 17, 1751, Martha Wood, W3, C5W, A7W, daughter 

of Henry and Martha (Cocke-Cox) Wood. 
Died, December 24, 1790. 
He apparently lived the quiet life of a country gentleman of wealth, 
having a family of three sons and five daughters. All the kindred who 
died during the first 30 years after emigration to Kentucky were interred 
in his plantation. When the Meriwether subdivision of the City of 
Louisville was originated, a street was cut through this cemetery, and 
on April 8, 1889, all the bodies were reinterred in Cave Hill Cemetery. 


While William Meriwether left numerous descendents, this pedigree will 
end with Anne Meriwether, M5, the youngest child, who married Major 
John Hughes, Jr., 113. 

George Wood Meriwether, M6, who prepared the data for the Meri- 
wether Genealogical Tables, was descended from William Meriwether, 
M4, and Martha (Wood), his wife, as follows: William Meriwether, M5, 
who married Sarah Oldham; this William, M5, was a brother of Anne 
Meriwether, M5, who married John Hughes, Jr., H3. On July 1, 1845, 
George Wood Meriwether married Anne Elizabeth (Price) Weir, whose 
first husband was George Weir, of Woodford County, Kentucky, born in 
Ireland; of this union, Emerine (Price) Meriwether, M7, third child, was 
born. Emerine (Price) Meriwether married, Eebiuary 9, 1876, Udolpho 
Snead, son of Charles Scott and Martha Raphael Snead, great great 
grandson of Gen. Charles Scott, one of General Washington's staff officers, 
and the fifth Governor of Kentucky. These are the authorities of the 
Meriwether records, lS8i). 

ANNE MERIWETHER (Meriwether, Price; Meriwether, Crawford; Mer- 
iwether, Holmes; Meriwether, Wood), 5. 
Born, October 12, 1767. 

Married, John Hughes, Jr. (later Major), H3, in the original 
Hughes line, in Louisa County, Virginia, in 1783. By this 
marriage, the eight original lines were united. 
Died, May 3, 1820. 
She was the mothci- of 26 children, and her descendents are scat- 
tered throughout the length and breadth of the land. Her remains were 
interred in the old Hughes plantation, seven miles below Louisville, on 
the Ohio River. 

For subsequent lineage, see John Hughes, Jr., H3, 



Born February 12, 1687, in Caernavonshire, Wales. 

Married Elizabeth Tarleton. 


Many handsome monuments, erected to the different members of the 
Hughes family, are in the cemetery at Wrexham, Wales, not far distant 
from Caernavonshire. Of Stephen's arrival in America, or of his death, 
little is known. His wile, Eliz;;beth, also of Wales, was a relative of the 
British military officer of her name, who was a very prominent antag- 
onist In the American Revolution. 
JOHN HUGHES (Hughes, Tarleton), 2. 
Born, January 24, 1739. 

Married , Judith Neville, N2, daughter of James Neville 

and IjUCy (Thomas), his wife. 
Died, April 19, 1774; he was an only son. 
He died at his plantaticm on the James River, Powhatan County, about 
40 miles above Richmond, Virginia, and his burial was probably near the 
family seat. See sketch. 

Following are the names of the children of John Hughes and Judith 
(Neville), his wife: 
ELIZABETH, born September 25, 1759; married John Prior, of Virginia; 


SALLY, born May 24, 1761; married Joseph Woodson, of Goochland 

County, Virginia; died Her daughter married a Mr. Outlaw 

and removed to Tennessee. None of her other children left any heirs. 

JOHN, Jr., born August 11, 1763; married Anne Meriwether, M5, A8W, 

Cr6, C6W, W4, in 1783; died December 11, 1842. See sketches and 

tables. Ho. 

NANCY NEVILLE, born November 13, 1765; married Richard Cox, 

. ,, C4H, A6H, of Powhatan County, Virginia; died January 27, 1843. 

•A •: .) 

^ . : Jii- c I ;. 


JUDITH, 1, born February 15, 1768; married Cornelius Buck, of England. 
Martha Hughes, H5, has recorded that "her descendents are the 
descendents of her two daughters, Mrs. Murchie and Mrs. Cunliffe." 
I visited Mrs. Murchie, then quite feeble with age, in 1886, and later 
had some corresjtondence with her daugnter. Cousin Minnie. The 
other daughter, Mrs. Cunliffe, was the first wife of William Cunliffe, 
whose second wife was Eliza Ann (Hughes), my grandmother's sister. 
See H5(4-2) Ibid, and Cf2 Ibid, for a history of the family. 

MARY, born July 16, 1770; died January 12, 1773. 

ESTHER, born November 10, 1772; married John Cunliffe, of England; 
died, about 1819, leaving numerous descendents. These were the 
parents of William Cunliffe, whose first wife was Sarah (Neville- 
Hughes) Buck, daughter of Cornelius Buck and Judith, sister of 
Esther. On the death of his wife, who was his first cousin, William 
Cunliffe married Eliza Ann (Hughes), his mother's great niece and 
his own second cousin. See Eliza Ann (Hughes), H5(H4-2) Ibid. 

JOHN HUGHES, Jr. (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, Neville), 3. 
Born, August 11, 1763. 

Married 1783, Anne Meriwether, M5, A8W, Cr6, C6W, 

daughter of William Meriwether, M4, and Martha (Wood), 
W3, A7W, his wife. He emigrated with his family to Ken- 
tucky in 1786. By this marriage the eight original lines were 
Died, December 11, 1842. 
See sketches and tables for all preceding family connections. 
When a student in Washington-Henry Academy, John Hughes, H3, 
enlisted in the Continental Army at the age of 15 years; served under 
Gen. Nathaniel Creene; was wounded at the Battle of Guilford Court 
House, N. C, and was present as a Lieutenant, commanding a company, 
at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown. A few years after his 
marriage with Anne Meriwether, M5, he emigrated to Kentucky and 
settled near Louisville (on the Ohio River below). In the War of 1812, 
and in the Indian wars preceding it, he served under General Hopkins 
with the rank of Major. He had many friends, was given to hospitality 
and 7/as noted for his many eccentricities, but more especially for his 
great energy and indomitable courage. His complexion Avas dark, and 
his fine hazel eyes fairly blazed when he was aroused to anger. He was 
married four times, but his first wife, Anne (Meriwether), M5, was the 
mother of all his children (mentioned in list), eleven of whom reached 
maturity and five of whom survived him. His other wives in succession 
were Miss Russell, Miss McGee and Miss Neal, the latter surviving him a 
few months. His remains lie in the burial plot on bis own plantation on 
the Ohio River, 7 miles below Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky. — 
Notes of Martha Hughes, H5, and Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan, H6, 

All his descendents are eligible to membership in the societies. Sons 
of the Revolution and Daughters of the Revolution. 

Following are the names of the children of John Hughes, Jr., (after 
ward Major) and Anne (Meriwether), taken from the record of Martha 
Hughes, H5, in her mother's Bible and also from the Meriwether Genealog- 
ical Tables,-1889, of George Wood Meriwether, M6: 
JOHN, born October 18. 1784; married Esther (Cox), C5H, May 25, 1809; 

died, November 4, 1847. See sketch and will. 
JANE, born May 15, 1786; died September 17, 1800. 
MARTHA, born February 16, 1788; died September 30, 1797. 
WILLIAM MERIWETHER, M. D., born October 15. 1789; married Mary 

(Wood) in 1809; died September 1, 1819. See sketch. 
JUDITH, born December 23, 1790; died November 6, 1806. 
TARLETON, born September 27, 1792; died October 19, 1794. 

t, I 


SALLY, born November 26, 1793; died April 22, 1817. 

LUCY, born August 22, 1796; married William D. Mitchell, of Virginia; 

died in 1842. 
NANCY NEVILLE, as recorded in Meriwether Genealogy, but Anne, as 
recorded by Martha Hughes, H5, in her mother's Bible, born April 
22, 1795; married Duvid Wuide, of Virginia; died March 6, 1835. 
STEPHEN TARLETON, born February 11, 1798; married Abigail (Stokes) 
Cooper, of Philadelphia; died June 10, 1852. Their son, Benjamin 
Franklin, born September 8, 1822- died January 19, 1892. had a 
remarkable career. Lyilia Annie Hughes, writes the following: "I 
do not know the exact place of his birth, but, when a mere lad living 
with his parents at Hickman, Kentucky, feeling that some punish- 
ment inflicted upon him was unjust, he left the parental roof and 
made his way alone to I'hiladeli)hia, and embarked in a menial capac- 
ity on an English merchantman; was transferred to the U. S. mer- 
chant marine after one cruise and ultimately entered the U. S. Navy, 
meanwhile having participated in tlie War for Texas Independence. 
That his seamanship was of a high order is shown by the fact 
that he was placed in command of or made instructor on a school 
ship, where he was training Annapolis students for naval service, 
and, I believe, had just returned from a Mediterranean cruise when 
the War Between the States came on. Promi)tly offering his services 
to the Confederacy, he was'' assigneil to duty as second in command 
of the ram, Manassas, and was taken prisoner when the ram came 
to grief at New Orleans. He was then paroled and, until his exchange, 
was for several months a guest of his cousin, John Woodson Hughes, 
your grandfather's brother. I knew liim intimately. I recall his tell 
ing me that he had declined a commission in the U. S. Navy because 
he felt that a lack of education would be embarrassing to him in the 
society of his brother officers who had enjoyed Annapolis opportu- 
nities." According to an account in the Dallas, Texas, News, announc- 
ing his death, he was taken prisoner with Fannin at Goliad on March 
20, 1836, and was condemned to be shot with about 400 others, Geor- 
gians, Kentuckians, Tennesseeans and men from other States, but 
the lad was saved by the interposition of Madame Alvarez with the 
commander of the Mexican forces and was then marched off, bare- 
footed and starving, a prisoner' to Matamoras. After release he 
enlisted in a Texas war vessel and served until the naval fight off 
Galveston. Leaving the service, he then visited all the princiital 
ports of the world, afterwards engaging in active naval service as 
noted above. He married a IMiiladelphia lady and died at the home 
of his only child, Mrs. C. M. M. Ferry, of Dallas, Texas. 
ELIZABETH, born November 13, 1799; married John Davies, of Virginia; 


MARTHA JANE, born March 25, 1801; died September 17, 1810. 
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, born January 27, 1803; died O'ctober 10. 1815. 
JAMES NEVir.LE, M. D, born December 20, 1804; married— 1: March 13, 

1823. Louisa Adaline (Russell); 2: Mrs. Isabella Turner, 

1860; died May 8, 1874. 

Issue of first marriage with Louisa Adaline (Russell) : 
John Wesley Hughes, born July 2, 1824; married— 1 : May 8, 
1855, Cornelia Lewis; 2: about 1874, Claudia Carvill; died March 1, 
1881. Issue of fir^st marriage with Cornelia Lewis, four children, of 
whom three died in infancy. His son, James Neville, H6, survived 
him 11 years; practiced law at Denver, Colorado, for many years, was 
considered the ablest mining attorney of his day in Colorado and was 
generally recognized as a most accominlished man. I knew him well 
when I resided in Denver. 

James Bourbon Hughes, born July 29, 1826; died, unmarried, 
December 20, 1846. 


Nancy Meriwether Hughes, born July 11, 1828; died September 

16, 1829. 

Lucy Honora Hug-hes, born August 12, 1830; married September 
20, 1819, John Woodson Hughes, her cousin, brother of my grand- 
father, Richard Franklin Hughes, and of Martha Hughes, H5, one of 
the registrars of these records; died December 29, 1910; one son only 
survives. (See John Woodson Hughes, H5). 

Mary Barbour Hughes, born September 4, 1833; married, June 2, 
1857, Thomas Jenkins Shannon, of Mt. Carmel, Illinois; died May 12, 
1869. Issue, son and daughter; the daughter, Mrs. C. S. Biddie, 
resides in Chicago, and her son is Robert- S. Biddie. 

Louisa Malvina Hughes, born September 29, 1837; died August 
9, 1852. 

Susan Elizabeth Hughes, born December 23, 1839; died May 14, 

Sarah Esther Hughes, born February 20, 1842; died, unmarried, 
November 9, 1905. 

Lydia Annie Hughes, born April 24, 1844, at Pendleton Station, 
Kentucky; now lives at Mt. Carmel, Illinois; she is one of the joint 
authors and one of the principal authorities of this record. 

William Henry Hughes, born February 8, 1846; married— 1: 
December 29, 1870, Mary F. Shannon; 2: September .., 1908, Mar- 
garet (Parkinson) Malion. Issue of first marriage with Mary F. 
Shannon: a— Annie Hughes, born, November 2, 1871; married, June 

17, 1900, Dr. Daniel Rector Smith, in London, England; died March 
24, 1906; issue, one son, John Hughes Smith, now a student at 
Indiana University, b— Eleanor Hughes, born, March 9, 1874; mar- 
ried, January 17, 1900, Othello Linwood Wilcox; now living at Mt. 
Carmel, Illinois; issue, three daughters and one son. c— Laura Beall 
Hughes, born December 6, 1876; married, December 27, 1905, Paul 
Chipman; now resides in Detroit, Michigan; issue, two daughters, 
one deceased, and one, Laura Beall Chii)man, living at home, d and 
e_Y/illiam Shannon Meriwether Hughes and Alice Hughes, twins, 
born July 9, 1879; William S. M. Hughes, married, June 1, 1907, Bes- 
sie Erwm, having issue of two sons, one living; Alice Hughes married, 
December 27, 1905, Dr. Richard S. Manley, and now lives at Epes, 
Ahibama, having issue of four children, one, Pauline Frances Manley, 
surviving, f and g— James Neville Hughes and Esther Louise Hughes, 
twins, born October 9, 1883; Esther Louise died in infancy; James 
Neville Hughes married, November 14, 1906, Alice Darling, and now 
lives at Minneapolis, Minnesota, having issue of one daughter, Jose- 
phine Darling Hughes. h-Mary Wilson Hughes, born April 5, 1887; 
married. October 8, 1908, Paul Sears Manley, brother of Dr. Richard 
S Manley, above, and now lives at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, having 
issue of one daughter who died at birth. Issue of William Henry 
Hughes in his marriage with Margaret (Parkinson) Mahon, his 
second wife, one daughter, Eleanor, born September ... 1910. ( See 
sketch of Dr. James Neville Hughes, H4). 

HENRY WOOD, born December 19, 1805; married Eliza W. Dabney, of 

Middletown, Kentucky; died September 11, 1858. 
Triplets— WASHINGTON ; 

MADISON, born. January 19, 1807; died when three weeks old. 
ESTHER, born March 6, I81O8; married Leonard George, of Louisville; 

died in 1837. leaving one son, James C. George. 
Twins— EDWARD, born May 30, 1810; died September 3, 1810. 

UNNAMED, born and died May 30, 1910. 
Twins — INFANTS, unnamed. 
Twins— INFANTS, unnamed. 


BABE, unnamed. 

JOHN HUGHES (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, Neville; Hughes, Meri- 
wether), 4. 
Born, Octoher 18, 1784, in Powhatan County, Virginia. 
Married, May 25, 1809, Esther, C'5H, H4, N4NNH, daughter of 
Richard Cox, C4H, A6H, and Nancy (Neville-Hughes), H3, 
N3NNH, his wife. 
Died, November 4, 1847. 
See sketch and will, herein. 

For all preceding family connections, see sketch and tables. 
John Hughes was a man of sterling integrity and a good husband, 
father and friend. He had blue eyes and dark brown hair and was of 
medium height. His remains were buried in his father's plantation near 
his home on the Ohio Kiver, below Louisville, in Jefferson County, Ken- 

The children of John Hughes and Esther (Cox), his wife, were: 
JUDITH ANNE, 5, born May 1, 1810; married Robert Sadler, of London, 
England, October 18, 1842; died September 16, 1885. Three children 
were born of this union, of whom but one, Fanny Wormald Sadler, 6, 
survives. Mr. Sadler died some 20 years ago and lies buried with his 
wife in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville. It was a well recognized fact 
among all the relatives that Robeil Sadler was from fine old English 
stock and that he was a man of unusual attainments. By reference 
to the Hughes lineage, it will be observed that one of my younger 
brothers was named for him. In a letter under date of September 28, 
1920, Fanny Wormald Sadler, 6, has written : "I was named for my 
father's aunt, Mrs. Wormald, of England, a sister of my grandfather 
Sadler. If you will read English history of the reign of Queen Eliza- 
beth, you will find Sir Ralph Sadler to have been an historian and 
statesman; also the trusted guardian of the unfortunate Mary, Queen 
of Scots. Having family arms of my father's people justifies the 
belief that we are the descendents in some way of the same family. 
The Sadlers in England ♦ * have been appointees as governors, 
consuls, churchmen, etc., there." 
RICHARD FRANKLIN, 5, born December 8, 1815; married. December 24, 
1835, Sarah Jane, H5(4-2), daughter of Dr. William Meriwether 
Hughes, his father's brother, and Mary (Thomas) Wood, his wife; 
died July 3, 1842.. 

Issue of Richard Franklin Hughes and Sarah Jane (Hughes), his 

Charles Sidney Hughes, 6, H6(4-3), born January 14, 1837; mar- 
ried Esther, daughter of Richard Hughes Cox and Martha Jane 
(Waide), his wife, June 5, 1866, some time after his return from 
military service of the C. S. A. in Virginia; died at Sherman, Texas, 
about 30 years ago, leaving a widow and adopted daughter. It was 
this Aunt Esther who surreptitiously had a daguerreotype made of me 
when a child about three years old, together with a little pup I was 
wont to lug around, now some 54 years ago, and the old picture main- 
tains its full lustre to this day. Aunt Esther's father was the son of 
Richard Cox and Nancy (Neville-Hughes), his wife. 

Mary Esther Hughes, 6, H6(4-3), who married William Black- 
more Sullivan. These were my parents. (See sketch and 6th in the 
Hughes Line). 

Sarah Jane Franklin (Goody) Hughes, 6, H6(4-3), born February 5, 
1842; married John Callibun Davidson, of Jefferson County, Indiana, 
October 18, 1859, in a double wedding with my mother and father; 
she died September 26, 1870, and her remains, together with those of 
an infant daughter, Sarah, who died September 13, 1863, when five 
months old, lie buried in Lot 87, west of the Sullivan burial plot, 
Fairmont Cemetery, near Madison, Indiana. Their only son, Urban 


Parker, was last heard from in Maine about 40 years ago. Mr. David- 
son removed to Williamsport, Pennsylvania, about 1878, where he 
contracted a second marriage; he died there many years ago. (See 
Ibid., William Meriwether Hughes, H(4-l), Sarah Jane (Hughes), 
H5(4-2), and sketch). 
MARTHA HUGHES, 5, born February 9, 1818; died unmarried in Febru- 
ary, 1905. The last time I saw her was in February, 1904, after the 
burial of my mother, Mary E.sther (Hughes) Sullivan, in Fairmount, 
near Madison, Indiana, who died at my home while I was living in 
Grand Junction, Colorado. Her brother, John Woodson, was then 
in his illness in the same house, where I last saw Russell Meri- 
wether Hughes, his son, then at the bedside of his father, and since 
deceased. Martha Hughes was a woman of remarkable intelligence 
and better known perhaps than any other representative of the fam- 
ily. It was she, on account of whose proverbial knowledge of things 
historical and genealogical, who very materially aided the Meri- 
wether family in adjusting the genealogical evidence as collected by 
George W. Meriwether, M6, and published later by Emerine (Price- 
Meriwether) Snead, M7. Most unfortunately, she was stricken with 
paralysis in 1889, her whole right side, as well as her Sipeech, being 
so affected that, at the advanced age of practically 72 years, her 
remarkable will and perseverence assisted her in learning to write 
with her left hand, in order that her wants might be made known 
and that she might maintain communication with the many friends 
of happier days. This woman possessed that peculiar trait and dis- 
position which naturally drew children to her, and her home was a 
"Paradise on Earth" to the numerous nei)hews, nieces, cousins and 
other kindred of my own generation and that next preceding. Her 
tenderness of heart won to her the love and admiration of the slaves 
of the Hughes household, and she was never unmindful of faithful 
service rendered by the servants of the family. When the aged 
negro ex-slave, Patrick Meriwether, died on February 28, 1882, she 
recorded in her mother's Bible the following tribute to his memory: 
"His family had served ours for more than a century before the 
Emancipation Act of 1863. He was faithful in all things. 'Well done, 
good and faithful servant.'" I have many evidences of her love for 
my mother and her family and for other kindred, as well as valuable 
data concerning the Hughes and Meriwether families, among which 
is her mother's family Bible, which came to me from her through my 
mother. A touching poem, written by Dr. James Neville Hughes, 
H4, her uncle, and father of Lydia Annie Hughes, H5, one of the 
authors of the accompanying records, while watching by the corjise 
of her little sister, Mary Elizabeth, H5, on November 26, 1825, which 
she pasted in this Bible and which appeared in the 1902 edition, will 
be found in another sketch. Practically all the records in the Hughes 
table, and a considerable portion of the later Cox data, are from the 
hand of this remarkable woman. She died after a long and useful 
life and lies buried in the plot of her brother, John Woodson, in 
Eastern Cemetery, adjoining Cave Hill, Louisville. 
MARY ELIZABETH, 5, born April 2, 1820; died, November 26, 1825. 
JOHN WOODSON, 5, born June 23, 1822; married Lucy Honora (Hughes), 
5, his cousin, daughter of James Neville Huphoa, 4. and Louisa Ada- 
line (Russell), his wife, September , 1849; died February ..... 

1904. He lies buried in the family plot in Eastern Cemetery, adjom- 
ing Cave Hill, Louisville. »His wife, Lucy Honora (Hughes), died 
December 29, 1910, and lies buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville, 
Kentucky. Their children were: Walter, 6, who married Maud Cyr, 
and had issue; Esther Louisa, 6, who died September 14, 1877; Rus- 
sell Meriwether, 6, (deceased), who married Lillian Allan and had 
issue; Harry, who died unmarried 30 or 35 years ago. 


EMILY NEVILLE, 5, born December 13, 1824; married John Russell 
Smith, a nephew of Adaline (Russell), wife of James Neville Hughes, 
4, September 1, 1847; died Si'ptember 4, 1872. Her husband died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1862. Their burial .ilace is unknown, but probably in the 
Hughes plantation. Tlieir children were: Robert Lawrence, 6, who 
married Nannie Crabtree, in Arkansas, January 27, 1886, his wife 
dying September 12, 1887; Thomas, who died unmarried in Louisville 
about 25 years ago; John Russell, who married Carrie Feilbach in 
Alton, 111., September 1, 1884, and died December 21, 1886, having 



WILLIAM MERIWETHER HUGHES (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, 
Neville; Hughes, Meriwether), 11(4-1). 
Born, October 15, 178y. . 

Married 1809, Mary, daughter of John and Mary (Thomas) 

Died, September 1, 1819. 
See sketch and tables for all preceding family connections. 
He was the second son of John Hughes, Jr., 3, and Anne (Meri- 
wether), M5, his wife. His wife, Mary (Wood), was borm June 30, 1787, 
but the date of her death is unknown; her parents were John and Eliza- 
beth Wood, of Oldham County, Kentucky. (See sketch). 

ELIZA ANN HUGHES (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, Neville; Hughes, 
Meriwether; Hughes, Wood), 5(4-2). 
Born, March 3, 1810. 

Married, about 1833, William Cunliffe, of Chesterfield County, 
Virginia, son of John Cunliffe, of Lancashire, England, and 
Esther (Neville-Hughes), N3, H3, his wife. 
Died, July 24, 1882. 
See sketches, tables and Cunliffe (Ibid.) pedigree for preceding fam- 
ily connections and the Cunliffe (Ibid.) pedigree for children of the fam- 

In order that the blood relationship may be easily established, the 
following will show direct descent of Aunt Eliza Ann (Hughes) and her 
husband, William (Hughes) Cunliffe, Cf2, in both the Neville and Hughes 

Neville Line. — 1. Eliza Ann Neville (Hughes) was in direct line from 
James Neville through Judith, N2, John Hughes, Jr., N3, H3, and William 
Meriwether Hughes, N4 H4(4-l), to her.self, N5. 2: William Neville 
(('unliffe) was in direct line from James Neville through Judith, N2, and 
Esther (Neville-Hughes) Cunliffe, N3, H3, to himself, N4. 

Hughes Line. — 1: Eliza Ann Hughes was in direct line from Stephen 
Hughes through John, 112, John, Jr., H3, and William Meriwether Hughes, 
H4(4-l), to herself, H5(4-2). 2: William (Hughes) Cunliffe was in direct 
Hue from Stephen Hughes through John, H2, and Esther (Hughes) Cun- 
liffe, H3, Cfl, to himself, H4. 

Quadruple descent in the tAvo above lines was united in this marriage. 

SARAH JANE HUGHES (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, Neville; Hughes, 

Meriwether; Hughes, Wood), 5(4-2). 
Born, November 6, 1815. 
Married, December 24, 1835, Richard Franklin Hughes, son of 

John Hughes, 4, and Esther (Neville-Hughes-Cox), H3, N3. 

his wife. 

^ > I'- 

36 P tJ DIG R E E 8 

Died, February 28, 1882. 
See sketch and tables for all .preceding family connections. 
By her marriage with her cou.sin, two lines of Hugheses were united. 
She lies buried in Fairniount Cemetery, near Madison, Indiana, in the 
Sullivan plot, north avenue, near the center. (See sketch.) 
WILLIAM MERIWETHER HUCillES, Jr., (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, 
Neville; Hughes, Meriwether; Hughes, Wood), 5(4-2). 
Born, September 1, 1819. 
Died, unmarried, November 27, 1885. 
See sketch and tables for all preceding family connections. 
He lies buried by the side of his sister, Sarah Jane (Hughes) 
Hughes, in Fairmount Cemetery, near Madison, Indiana, in the Sullivan 
plot, north avenue, near the center. 

RICHARD FRANKLIN HUGHES (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, Neville; 
Hughes, Meriwether; Hughes, Cocke-Cox), 5. 
Born, December 8, 1815. 
Married, Sarah Jane, daughter of William Meriwether Hughes, 4, 

and Mary (Thomas) Wood, his wife, December 24, 1835. 
Died, July 3, 1842. 
See sketch and tables for all preceding family connections. 
By this marriage with his first cousin, the Hughes line was in double 
descent through their children. WilliamMeriwether Hughes, 4, and John 
Hughes, 4, were sons of Major John Hughes, 3, but the blood relationship 
in the children was materially altered through Mary (Thomas) Wood, 
mother of Sarah Jane (Hughes) Hughes, 5. See lines preceding and also 

MARY ESTHER HUGHES (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, Neville; Hughes, 
Meriwether; Hughes, Cocke-Cox; Hughes, Wood; Hughes, 
Hughes), 6. 
Born, January 5, 1840. 

Married, October 18, 1859, William Blackmore Sullivan, son of 
Aaron Sullivan and Lucinda (Blackmore), his wife, of Madi- 
son, Indiana. 
Died, February 4, 1904. 
See sketch and tables for all preceding family connections. 
My father died at Madison, Indiana, on October 2, 1881, and lies 
buried in our family plot in Fairmount Cemetery, near Madison, Indiana, 
north avenue, near center. He was born at Madison, Indiana, on 
October 6, 1826. Little is known of the antecec^nts of my paternal 
grandfather, except that they came from the north of Ireland about five 
generations before and came into the Ohio Valley by way of Maryland. I 
have a letter written to my father by my grandfather during the War 
Between the States, breathing staunch Union principles. After the death 
of my grandmother Blackmore, my grandfather removed to Missouri 
and contracted a second marriage, dying at the home of my father's 
half brother, Arthur Sullivan, at Jefferson City, Missouri, some time after 
the war; another half brother was named Clarence; a half sister mar- 
ried a Mr. Dolbear and resided at Keokuk, Iowa, for many years. My 
father had a full brother, Alfred, who died when a lad about 12 years 
of age. My grandmother Blackmore's remains He buried in the old Madi- 
son Cemetery, on Third Street; the location of her grave was lost many 
years ago, about the time the remains of many of the old families of 
Madison were removed to P'airmount. My father was reared by ray 
uncle, Dawson Blackmore, who treated him as a son after his sister, 
Lucinda's, death, which occurred while my father was very young. Daw- 
son Blackmore, his wife, Ellen, and his son, Charles, lie buried In Fair- 
mount in their family plot, near ours; I knew him well. I visited him 
during his last illness and attended his funeral in Indianapolis where he 


died in 1889. The Blackmore family came originally from England and 
reached southern Indiana by way of Maryland. My father engaged for 
many years in general steamboating on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers 
when that commercial line was in the heydey of success, but his fortunes 
declined with the decline of river traffic during the decade, 1870 to 188U, 
incident to railway competition, and his last venture was the Steamer 
Eureka, which ran between the Kentucky River points and Louisville, 
in which William Howard and Captain Robert King were associates. 

Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan, my mother, while caring for the 
three young children of my deceased sister, Lucinda Blackmore (Sul- 
livan) Davis, in Jeffersonville, Indiana, suffered an attack, in August, 
1903, which resulted in her death at our home in Grand Junction, Colorado. 
I have recorded in the family Bible which she presented to me and my 
wife, Alda, the following: 

"Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan, relict of William Blackmore 
Sullivan, and daughter of Richard Franklin Hughes and Sarah Jane 
(Hughes), his wife, died in Grand Junction, Colorado, at the home of 
her son, Richard Hughes Sullivan, Thursday afternoon, February 4, 
1904, at 2 o'clock, aged 64 years and 30 days. Her remains were taken 
to Madison, Indiana, and interred in Fairmount Cemetery, on the 
hill north of that city, at 1 p, m., Wednesday, February 10, 1904. Her 
two surviving children, Richard Hughes and Warwick Millgr Sulli- 
van, witnessed this laying away of her beloved remains in their 
last resting place in the city of her departed. On the family monu- 
ment, underneath her name, are inscribed the following words, which 
emphasize the Christian's reward for unswerving devotion to God 
and His children and also the heritage of comfort to her two boys 
and her loving grandchildren: 

"There sweeps no desolating wind 

"Across that calm, serene abode — 
"A land upon whose blissful shore 

"There rests no shadow, falls no stain; 
"There those who meet shall part no more, 

"And those long parted meet again." 

(Gurdon Robins.) 

She gave the best she had to God, Christ's church and the world — 
no woman could tender more. Amen." 

The children of William Blackmore Sullivan and Mary Esther 
(Hughes), his wife, were: 

LUCINDA BLACKMORE, born August 20, 1860; married, August 20, 
1889, Albert Melville Davis, of Jefferson County, Indiana; died De- 
cember 9, 1899. Their children were: Charles Albert, Dawson Wil- 
liam, Sullivan Hughes and Vincent Rawlings, and their names are 
recorded in the Davis family Bible, presented by my mother. Her 
second son, Dawson William, died March 3, 1899, and was buried in 
our family plot in Fairmount Cemetery, near Madison, and her re- 
mains were placed by the side of her son in the same burial plot. She 
was a woman of unusual intellectual attainments, and her untimely 
death in the prime of life was more than a misfortune to my mother, 
her remaining sister and brothers and particularly her children. Her 
husband contracted a second marriage some years after her death 
and lives in Howard Park, near Jeffersonville, Indiana. 

WARWKTK MILLER, born May 8, 1862; married, November 4, 1886, 
Charlotte Davis, sister of Albert Melville Davis, husband of ray sister, 
liUcinda, and now resides in Louisville. Their children, as recorded 
in his family Bible, presented by my mother, are: Charlotte Black- 
more, now married; Warwick Howard; Irene, now married; Theo- 
dore; Evelyn, now married; a daughter, Olive, and a son, Richard 


Hunter, my namesake, died in infancy. Some of the older children 
were born In Jeffersonville, Indiana, where my brother resided for 
many years. Some 15 years ago, he met with a very serious acci- 
dent while practicing his profession of mechanical engineer, losing 
his right arm. Of our once large family, he and myself are the only 
members now living. 
RICHARD HUGHES, born December 11,1863; married Clara Alda Amberg, 
June 10, 1890. See following record as to ourselves and our children. 
WILLIAM DAWSON, born August 6, 1865; died, unmarried, February 28, 
1892, and lies buried in our family plot at Fairmount, near Madison, 
Indiana. He had probably the keenest intellect of all the children, 
but his frame was too frail to .preclude an untimely death. 
ALFRED LYON, born December 22, 1866; died April 26, 1867. Asleep in 

SARAH THOMAS, born March 16, 1868; died, unmarried, April 29, 1899. 
Sally was the tomboy of the family. She taught in the public schools 
of Madison, Indiana, for many years and was a close companion and 
friend of my mother as the children fell away in death. Her remains 
lie with the rest of her kindred in Fairmount. 
CHARLES SIDNEY, born February 11, 1870; died October 27, 1870. 

Asleep in Fairmount. 
JOHN STEPHEN, born April 3, 1871; died April 30, 1871. Asleep in Fair- 
THEODORE AARON, born April 6, 1873; died May 19, 1893. "Dodo," as 
he was called by members of the family, was probably the best bal- 
anced of the children. He graduated with honors from the Madison 
High School and took up journalism, making unusual headway for 
one so young. The editor of the Daily Herald wept over his untimely 
death as a i)ersonal loss. His remains lie buried among his own in 
ROBERT SADLER, born February 10, 1875; died September 22, 1875. 

Asleep in Fairmount. 
GUY, born March 7, 1877; died July 5, 1877. Asleep in Fairmount. 

AH the above children were born at Madison, Indiana except my 
elder brother, now living in Louisville, who was born on the old Hughes 
plantation, below that city, and my younger brothers, John Stephen and 
Theodore Aaron, who were born on our farm, on the Papermill Pike, about 
5 miles north of Madison. In addition to the members of my mother's 
immediate family, including my sister, Lucinda, and her son, Dawson Wil- 
liam the Sullivan family plot at Fairmount, near Madison, contains the 
remains of my grandmother, Sarah Jane (Hughes) Hughes, H5(4-2), aJid 
her brother, my grand uncle, William Meriwether Hughes, H5(4-2). 
RICHARD HUGHES SULLIVAN (Hughes, Tarleton; Hughes, Neville; 
Hughes, Meriwether; Hughes, Cocke-Cox; Hughes, Wood; 
Hughes, Hughes; Hughes, Sullivan), 7. 
Born, December 11, 1863. 

Married, June 10, 1890, Clara Alda, daughter of Charles Frederick 
Amberg and Susan (Hummer), his wife, of Indianapolis, 
' Indiana, at Kansas City, Missouri. 

See sketch and tables for all preceding family connectlonB. 
Alda's paternal grandfather was a native of north Germany. His 
name was von Omburgh, but his sons Americanized it to Amberg, and as 
such it was transmitted to succeeding generations. But little is known 
of her maternal antecedents, except that they came originally from Hol- 
land and settled in the vicinity of Wilkesbarre, Pennsylvania, where her 
mother was born April 13, 1837. Her ,parents finally settled In Indianap- 
olis Indiana, where she was born, May 11, 1867. Her father died in 1898, 
at Indianapolis. Her mother died December 11, 1919, in Canton, Ohio, at 


the home of a sister, Susie Louise (Amberg), wife of Edward P. Smith, 
and lies buried iu the Smith family plot there. This remarlvable woman 
came of a large family, each of which lived to a great age; her womanli- 
ness and generosity of soul were as wide as the long and useful life she 
lived as the last of her family, and the succeeding generations suffered 
material loss with the passing of such a character. Alda's twin brother, 
Charles Albert Amberg, now resides in Trescott, Arizona, and has two 
sons and a daughter, and her sister in Canton has three grown sons. 
See sketch as regards myself. 

Our children, whose names are all recorded in the family Bible, pre- 
sented by my mother, are: 

ESTHER LOUISE, born April 10, 1891, at the home of her grandmother, 
Susan (Hummer) Amberg, Indianapolis, Indiana; married, June 3, 
1915, Ralph Brown Potts, son of William Holloway Potts, and Sarah 
Sheridan (Brown), his wife, at Wichita, Kansas, Rev. Percy T. Fenn, 
D. D., officiating. Her husband and herself are graduates of Fair- 
mount College, Wichita, Kansas, Class of 1915, and they were mar- 
ried the next day after their diplomas were received. Her husband 
was born February 16, 1892, at Lexington, McClain County, Illinois. 
Their children, whose names are recorded in our family Bible, iire- 
sented by my mother, are: 

Louise Sullivan, born October 14, 1916, at Dallas, Texas. 
Riilph Brown, Jr., born January 23, 1920, at Wichita, Kansas. 
WARWICK AMBERG, born September 28, 1892, at Denver, Colorado; 
married, Januai'y 27, 1915, Ethel Lillian, daughter of John Curtiss 
Weir and Laura Henrietta (Castles), his wife, at Columbia, South 
Carolina, Rev. Charles E. Burts, D. D., officiating. He was educated 
in Fairmount Academy and College, Wichita, Kansas, coming to 
Columbia, S. C, when my work called me to this point. On account 
of poor health, he relinquished a position as Assistant Cashier of the 
Southern Railroad here in 1919 and now resides in Arizona. 
RICHARD FRANKLIN, born August 8, 1901, at Indianapolis, Indiana, 
when my family resided there. He was educated in the schools of 
Wichita, Kansas, the high school at Columbia, S. C, and at Porter 
Military Academy, Charleston, S. C. He is now a clerk in the South- 
ern Railway freight office and resides at home. 






Married, Ann Singleton. 


He resided at the Vicarage in a small village called Wlially, in the 
County of Lancashire, England. 

JOHN CUNLIFFE (Cunliffe, Singleton), 2. 
Born, March, 1758. 

Married, Esther Hughes, daughter of John Hughes, H2, 

and Judith (Neville), N2, his wife. 


The original of the Cunliffe family in America was born at the Vicar- 
age, Whally, County of Lancashire, England, and emigrated to Virginia 
in 1784, leaving Liverpool in the ship Thompson. At that time he was in 
the employ of Alexander Parry & Company, of that city, and was sent 
by them as factor or confidential agent to dispose of dry goods in the new 
republic and to buy tobacco. "I have now his letter of instructions, exce,pt 
a small piece, which was torn off and lost, copied from a letter from Sister 
Ellen Pleasants." — Ella Thomas (Hughes-Cunliffe) Baker, Cf4, H6(4-3). 
He was buried probably near the family seat in Chesterfield County, Vir- 
ginia. Bettie (Hughes-Cunliffe-Elliott) Hudson, Cf5, H7(4-4), has writ- 
ten under date of October 10, 1920: 

"We have understood that the Cunliffe Mills, Manchester, England, 
were owned by kinsmen of ours; and, during the war, in the Daily Mail, 
I saw that the British war claims were prepared by a committee under 
Kobert Hughes, the Australian premier, and Baron Cunliffe, former Gov- 
ernor of the Bank of England. We are also related in some way through 
grandpa to the Lewises, one of whom was chief of the famous Lewis and 
Clark Expedition to the Northwest." (Note, — The only connection with 
Meriwether Lewis in the accompanying records is through Lucy Meri- 
wether, M5, daughter of Thoma.s, M4, who was the brother of William 
Meriwether^ M4, father of Anne, M5, who married John Hughes, H3, 
brother of William Cunliffe's mother, Esther (Hughes), H3, and also of 
Judith (Hughes), 113, his mother's sister, which latter (Judith) was the 
mother of William Cunliffe's first wife). 

WILLIAM CUNLIFFE (Cunliffe, Singleton; Cunliffe, (Neville)-Hughes), 3. 
Born, April 18, 1801. 

Married-1: Sarah (Neville-Hughes) Buck, daughter of Cornelius 
Buck, of England, and Judith (Neville-Hughes), his wife, who 
was a sister of Esther, his mother; 2: Eliza Ann (Hughes), 
daughter of William Meriwether Hughes, 114(4-1), and Mary 
(Wood), his wife, October 2, 1833. 
Died, February 3, 1871. 
He was born in Chesterfield County, Virginia, and lies buried with his 
second wife, Eliza Ann (Hughes), in Wirt Cemetery, about 7 miles north 
of Madison, Jefferson County, Indiana. 

William Cunliffe's first wife was his mother's niece and his first 
cousin, and was also second cousin to his second wife, who was a second 
cousin' of her husband, thus selling up a most complicated relationship 
in descent. 

Five children were born of the first union, of whom but two reached 
maturity, namely: 
ELIZA ANN, who married Orelius Wood; they had four children, Otis, 

Sarah, Murchie and Minnie, all of whom had issue. 
SARAH ELLEN, who married Thomas Pleasants, son of Governor James 
Pleasants, of Virginia, about 1869; issue, four children, one son 


reaching manhood. "I knew Cousin Ellen (Cunliffe) Pleasants inti- 
mately and loved her tenderly. My mother being of Pleasants deriva- 
tion (French orthography, Plaisannce), I am very familiar with their 
history authentically from 1579; if early wills had been more carefully 
written, Mr. J. H. Pleasants, who studied the record in England, thinks 
the family might trace back to the William Plaisance, mentioned in 
Rye's Calendar of Freemen of Norwich 33 (year of) Henry VI, A. D. 
1454." — Lydia Annie Hughes, H5. I knew Cousin Ellen well, when 
Bettie (Cunliffe) Hudson and her brother John, as children, were 
under the care of this aunt, and I have ever heard our relatives speak 
of her with affection and esteem. She was one of God's noble women, 
put here on earth to beautify it and make it better. 
The children of the second marriage, with Eliza Ann (Hughes), were: 
WILLIAM, born August 18, 1834; died September 12, 1835, in Manchester, 

JOHN HUGHES, born August 28, 1836, in Jefferson County, Indiana; mar- 
ried Kate Green, of the same county; died August 18, 1872, leaving a 
large family of girls. Among the daughters, Eliza married Eden 
Sandford and removed to Indianapolis; Kittie married Edward Hall, 
brother of her Uncle Charles' second wife, and lives at Clearwater, 
Kansas; Alice married Cooper Baker, brother of her Aunt Ella's 
husband; Agnes was married and living at Lancaster, Indiana, in 
1905. My father, William Blackmore Sullivan, once said that John 
Hughes Cunliffe was one of the most level headed men he had ever 
known. The remaining daughters were Fannie, Jessie and Annie. I 
went to school with nearly all these girls, the first school I ever 
attended, at Pleasant Point, Indiana, about 3 miles north of North 
Madison, on the old Papermill Pike. Ella Thomas (Cunliffe) Baker, 
Cf4, H6(4-3), writer under date of November 8, 1920, from Stroud, 
Oklahoma: (To Bettie (Cunliffe) Hudson) "Your Aunt Kate (Green) 
Cunliffe died two months ago; she was 81 years old." 

MARY HOLDEN, bora February 1, 1838; married Orgillas Doan Thomp- 
son in 1867; died January 31, 1875, leaving two girls and a boy. The 
elder daughter, Annie, married a son o! Governor Pleasants and 
brother of her half aunt, Sarah Ellen, and was left a widow in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, many years ago, having a large family of children. 
The two younger children were taken in charge by her sister, Esther. 
See Esther, hereunder. 

ROBERT DONALD MURCHIE, born March 11, 1840; died August 8, 1841. 

WILLIAM (II), born December 18, 1841; married Minerva Cox, of Jen- 
nings County, Indiana, probably of the northern Cox branch; died. 
May 2, 1902. 

RICHARD MAXWELL, born January 7, 1844; died unmarried June 9, 
1909, and lies buried at Scottsville, Virginia. 

CHARLES, born January 28, 1846; married— 1: Jennie Elliott, of Jeffer- 
son County, Indiana, September 2, 1869, who died February 6, 1875, 
leaving two children, i. e., John, who married Alice Norton, at 
Tamaroa, Illinois, and has two children, now living at Wichita, Kan- 
sas, and Elizabeth (Bettie), who married (~!harles Hudson at Gaines- 
ville, Texas, June 6, 1888, and now resides In Ottawa, Kansas; 2: 
Etta Hall, of Jefferson County, Indiana, by whom he had five chil- 
dren, namely, Lillie Anne, Esther Ryker, Charles Edson, Henry Hall 
and Gertrude. He was killed in a boiler explosion at Wichita, Kan- 
sas, December 10, 1894, and lies buried there. His second wife con- 
tracted a second marriage with a Mr. French and resided in Denver, 
Colorado, until her death on February 22, 1919. She lies buried in 
Wichita, Kansas. Bettie, one of the authorities of this record, and 
Charles Hudson, her husband, were the parents of one son and two 


daughters; the boy died when grown while the family was living in 
California; the two girls have graduated from Ottawa University and 
are now (1920) teaching school in Kansas. I have known Bettie many 
years, both in Indiana and in Kansas, and it is a well established 
fact that her doors are never closed to any one; she is an honor to 
the blood whence she came. Her mother was a sister of Alexander 
V. Elliott, husband of her Aunt Esther. 

ESTHER, born July 4, 1848; married Alexfinder V. Elliott, of Jefferson 
County, Indiana, brother-in-law of her brother, Charles; died Septem- 
ber 14, 1887, within a short time of her husband. They left four 
children, i. e., William, now living in Norwalk, Iowa; Nellie, who mar- 
ried Robert Moffett, of Madison, Indiana, and resides there; James 
Robert, now living in Michigan, and John Prole, now living in Iowa. 
Cousins Esther and Alex lost a son, Anthony, while the family was 
living in Florida many years ago. I visited them just before they 
died, at Monroe, JefL^erson County, Indiana, while my mother was at 
their bedside. They had the care of two children of their sister, Mol- 
lie Holden (Cunliffe) Thompson; one of these, Mary Elizabeth, was 
reared and educated by my mother, and the other, William Thomp- 
son, was cared for by his uncle, Richard Maxwell Cunliffe, until the 
youth was killed by lightning in Arkansas years ago. Cousin Alex, 
as we always called him, had a brother, David, who died June 15, 
1919, whom I always regarded as one of the finest men in all respects 
that I have ever known a man who never, for an instant, lost sight 
of the interests of his kindred, no matter what their condition in life 
may have been. Crippled to j)ractical deformity from infancy, his 
large perspective and his wondrous heart overcame his physical dif- 
ficulties and drew all men, of all walks in life, to him. For a genera- 
tion he was connected with the Indianaipolis postoffice, and for years 
he was the memory of many Hoosiers of note, being proverbially rec- 
ognized as one of the best informed men in that State. The world 
lost a real man when David Elliott went to his reward. He lies 
buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis. 

ELLA THOMAS, the youngest child, was born September 15, 1850, and is 
now the only survivor of her immediate generation. She married 
George Wesley Baker, one of our neighbors in Jefferson County, 
Indiana, and a recognized authority on and a breeder of blooded cat- 
tle, November 2, 1870. The issue of this marriage was: Fred, born 
August 19, 1871; now living with his wife and two children at Free- 
water, Oregon. A son, Donnavon, was in the United States Army dur- 
ing the World War. Bessie, born October 6, 1879. Ruth, born Febru- 
ary 18, 1888. DeWitt, born August 31, 1891, and married. On Novem- 
ber 2, 1920, Cousin Ella and Mr. Baker celebrated their golden wed- 
All the above children of William Cunliffe and Ann Eliza (Hughes), 

his wife, are Cf4 in the above line. 


(In connection witli the large table, the small table in the text and the 

Figures indicate blood relationship in direct descent through the sev- 
eral groups. Letters have been substituted lor figures to indicate connec- 
tion in double lines of direct descent. 

Explanation of Letters: a. — Astun and Cocke-Cox lines, from William 
Cocke-€ox, .brother of Henry, b. — Aston and Cocke-Cox lines, from Henry 
Cocke-Cox, brother of William. c. — Neville line, from Nancy Neville 
(Hughes), d. — Neville line, from John Neville (Hughes, Jr.) . e. — Hughes 
line, from Nancy (Neville) Hughes, f. —Hughes line, from John (Neville) 
Hughes, Jr. g. — William Meriwether Hughes line, H4(41) Ibid., brother 
of John Hughes, H4. h. — Sarah Jane (Hughes) Hughes and Eliza Ann 
(Hughes; Cunliffe descent in the H4(4-l) Ibid. line. 

1. — Double descent, a and b. — William Cocke-Cox, A5W, C3W, and 
Henry Cocke-Cox, C3H, A5H, ibrotliers, sons of John Cocke, A4, C2, to 
Include Richard Franklin Hughes, H5, his sisters and his brother. 

2. — Quadruple descent, c, d, e and f. — John Hughes, Jr., N3, H3 and 
Nancy (Neville) Hughes, N3NNH, H3NNH, brother and sister, from their 
parents, John Hughes, H2, and Judith (Neville), N2, his wife, through 
both the Neville and Hughes lines, to include Richard Franklin Hughes, 
H5, N5, H5NNH, N5NNH, his sisters and his brother. 

3. — Double descent, f and g-h. From John Hughes, H4, and William 
Meriwether Hughes, H4(4-l) Ibid., brothers, through Richard Franklin 
Hughes, H5, and Sarah Jane (Hughes), 115(4-2 Ibid., liis wife. t(; include 
Mary Esther (Hughes) Sullivan, HG, H6(4-3) Ibid. 


4. — Quadruple descent in the Neville, Hughes and Cunliffe (Ibid.) 
lines. See Eliza Ann Hughes, 115(4-2), for lines of direct descent, to 
include all the children of herself and William Cunliffe. 

The data appearing in this genealogy have been assembled and 
revised by the joint authors, and the printing has been done under my 
personal supervision. 'I'he 1920 edition is limited to lUO copies. 

H7, H7(4 4). 



Copy or intent of last will and testament of William Meriwether 
(spelled Merriwether at that time), M4. 

In the name of God. Amen. 

I, William Meriwether, Senior, of the County of Jefferson, being of 
sound mind and memory, do make and appoint this my last will (and) 
testament and do dispose of my estate in the following manner, to-wit: 

Imprimis. I lend unto my wife, Patty Meriwether, during her natural 
life, the plantation, houses and land whereon I now live, supposed to be 
about two hundred and eighty acres, part of the land' I purchased of 
A. S. Dandridge, and after her decease to give and bequeath the said land 
and plantation to my son, William Meriwether, to him and his heirs for- 

Item. I give and devise to my son, Valentine Meriwether, two hun- 
dred and three acres of land, the balance of the tract of land whereon I 
now live and adjoining the above described land, and bounded by the 
(lines) Yancy made for him, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and devise to James Meriwether, my son-in-law, one 
hundred acres of land, to include the plantation where he now lives, being 
part of a tract of land I purchased of Nicholas Meriwether, on the south 
fork of Bear Grass Creek, and agreeable to the lines that are established 
between him, the said James Meriwether, my son-in-law, and my son, Wil- 
liam Meriwether, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and devise to my son, William Meriwether, the balance 
of the last mentioned tract of land, of which James Meriwether hath one 
hundred acres bequeathed, every part or parcel thereof, to him, the said 
William Meriwether, my son, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. It is my will and desire that my executors do sell so much of 
my other lands not contained in the before mentioned clauses as will set- 
tle my just debts; and after the said debts are paid, I give and devise the 
balance of my land unto my three sons, David Wood Meriwether, William 
Meriwether and Valentine Meriwether, to be among them equally and 
impartially divided, to them and their heirs forever. 

Item. I give and devise to James Meriwether, my son-in-law, a negro 
boy, called Simon, son of Agnes, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give and devise unto John Hughes, my son-in-law, a negro 
girl, called Rachel (a child of Aggeys), to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I lend unto my wife, Patty Meriwether, during her natural 
life, all the rest of my negroes, stock, furniture and property of every kind, 
except debts due me, by her, disposed of at her death or at any time 
before, as she may choose, among my children or grandchildren, which 
gift shall be as good and valid as tho' I had made it myself. 

I do constitute and appoint D. W. Meriwether, William Meriwether, 
Valentine Meriwether, John Hughes and James Meriwether executors of 
my last will and testament. In witness, 1 have hereunto set my hand and 
seal 26th day of October, 1790. 


Signed, sealed and acknowledged in the presence: 

John Clark, 
G. R. Clark, 
A. Churchill, 
Henry Churchill. 


At a Court held for Jefferson County (Kentucky) the first of Febru- 
ary, 1791, this last will and testament of William Meriwether, deceased, 
was produced in Court, and, being proved by Jno. Clark, George R. Clark 
and Henry Churchill, witnesses thereto (it was) ordered to be recorded. 

(Copy) (Attest): Will Johnston, C. J. C. 

Geo. H. Webb, Clerk. 

By Chas. D. Greppen, D. C. 

Copy or intent of last will and testament of John Hughes, H4: 

In the name of God. Amen. 

I, John Hughes, of Jefferson County and State of Kentucky, being of 
sound mind and disposing memory, do make this my last will and testa- 
ment in the words following (viz.): 

I bequeath to my eldest daughter, Judith Ann Hughes (now the wife 
of Robert Sadler) one tract of land whereon she now resides, containing 
eighty-five acres, as per deeds from A. M. Reder and Wm. Wade; also 
twenty-five acres adjoining the same, on tlie lower line out of the land 
deeded to me by E. F. Wade; the above lands can easily be recognized by 
referring to the (surveys?) of my lands and a red line being drawn round 
same; also, five negroes (viz.): Sharpen; his wife, Melisa, and two chil- 
dren, Lucy and Burton; and a negro man (Martin); those negroes and the 
first-named tract (were) advanced to her on the 10th of March, 1843, to 
her and the heirs of her body forever. 

I bequeath to Charles S. Hughes, Mary E. Hughes and Sarah F. 
Hughes, children of Richard F. Hughes, deceased, when they become of 
age or marry, one tract of land beginning at a stone in my lower line in 
a road leading to Louisville, near an old school house, running up said 
road to a stone (in) my upper corner, then with my upper and lower lines 
back 109J poles, making 110 acres, more or less. 

I also bequeath to Charles S. Hughes, when of age, one negro boy 
between 15 and 20 years old; also to Mary E. Hughes and Sarah F. 
Hughes, (each) when of age, a negro girl 12 or 15 years old. This prop- 
erty, in the event of the death of any one or more of said children, the 
survivors to inherit. 

It is my will that those children be kept in my family and supported 
and educated without charge, unless their mother should determine other- 
wise; in that case, my estate is not to be chargeable with their support, 
etc. Sarah J. Hughes, widow of Richard F. Hughes, deceased, if agree- 
able to her, will make my house her home and to be furnished with all 
necessary clothing, etc., whilst there during her widowhood, without 

I bequeath to my second daughter, Martha Hughes, two lots in Louis- 
ville, bounded by Main, Clay and Washington streets, as per deeds, (with 
the exception of 8 inches on the one on Main street, that much being sold 
to John A. Weyinan) ; likewise, a negro boy, woman and girl to be worth 
one thousand two hundred dollars valuation, to correspond with the price 
of this kind of property in 1843; also, one-half of the land deeded to me by 
James M. Maury, to her and the heirs of her body forever. 

I bequeath to my third daughter, Emily N. Hughes, now the wife of 
John R. Smith, 110 acres of land, more or le.'^s, lying back of the land set 
apart for Richard F. Hughes' children, together with the half of the land 
bought of J. M. Maury; also, four negroes, Maria and her two children, 
Harriet and Peter, and a negro boy, Jacob, to her and the heirs of her 
body forever. 

I bequeath to my son John W. Hughes, at the death of my wife, the 
tract of land whereon I now reside, extending from the Ohio River back 
to the lot set apart for my three grandchildren, containing 200 acres, more 


or less, together with a negro boy, woman and two girls of the value of 
the preceding negroes. Should the death of my wife occur before my 
grandchildren become of age, my son, John W. Hughes, is to support and 
educate them without charges. 

It is my will and desire that my beloved wife, Esther Hughes, take 
charge of my estate, and, with the assistance of my son, John W. Hughes, 
carry into effect this will without giving any security whatsoever; and, in 
finally settling up the business of the estate, each heir must be account- 
able for all personal property advanced to them, and whic'h has not been 
mentioned heretofore, so that each one must equally participate, an 
account of which will be found with this will; should there be any prop- 
erty remaining after settling these accounts, etc., the same to be equally 
divided among my children after my debts are paid. 

Sept. 5th, 1847. 

Acknowledged to be the last will and testament of John Hughes in 
our presence, the 29th October, 1847. 

Wm. D. Mitchell. 
Wm. M. Hughes. 

State of Kentucky. 

lAt a County Court, held for Jefferson County, at the Court House in 
the City of Louisville on the sixth day of December, 1847. the foregoing 
instrument of writing, purporting to be the last will and te.stament of 
John Hughes, deceased, late of this county, was produced in Court and 
proved by the oaths of Wm. D. Mitchell and Wm. M. Hughes, the sub- 
scribing witnesses thereto; whereupon the same was established by the 
Court to be the last will and testament of John Hughes, deceased, and 
ordered to be recorded, and is recorded in my office as clerk of said Court. 
Copy by (Attest): Curran Pope. 

Curran Pope. 


Reprint of letter written by Patrick Henry to Capt. William Meri- 
wether, M4, from Page 62, Meriwether Genealogical Record, 1889. 

July 2d, 1781. 
To Capt. Wm. Meriwether, family, Mrs. Wood, Louisa: 

Dear Sir— As the Lrs. in Col. Wood's will are not likely to act, & as 
there is a necessity for my sister to administer upon the estate, she will 
want security. As her friends & relations generally live at a distance 
from her, & as I can't be present in court, I take the liberty in her behalf 
to request the favor of you to contrive to get some of the neighbors, or, 
by yourself, as you think best, to enter as her security for her adminis- 
tration, and I do hereby oblige myself, my heirs, &c., to save you harm- 
less upon that account from all damage whatsoever^ I am the more 
anxious to have it done, as there is really a necessity for sHime person to 
provide for the family. The enemy has robbed ^ l^'"!^^'^'^;'^,^ ';""'^.^? 
done much mischief, & the estate is too much exposed, and »"« I suffer 
unless somebody is empowered to act as administrator^ ^^'IIIIII-Jmv 
must want neces.saries if not looked after in time. For niany weighty 
reasons, therefore, I have advised my sister to adminis er. She, as well 
as myself, will be greatly obliged by your friendly assistance. 
D'r sir, y'r ob't servant, 

(Printed reproduction of autograph.) 


Capt. Wm. Meriwether. 

P. S. I will execute a bond to have you harmless at any time. 

NOTE.- Valentine Wood, brother of Martha Wood, who married Wm. 
Meriwether (4), married a sister of Patrick Henry. Their daughter, Mary 
Wood, was the mother of General Joseph E. Johnston, C. S. A. This let- 
ter to William Meriwether is in reference to this family.) 

At Home (Jefferson County, Kentucky), 
Feby. 22d, 1843. 
D. Sir: 

By your request, I must now say something in answer letters 
received during the time Jno. was here, and until last night we were 
looking and waiting for Henry. Now he is here, and the business of my 
father's estate, I think, is as unsettled as before. Jno. doubtless has 
informed you of the nature of the will that was admitted to record. To 
prevent the sacrifice of tlie land (which certainly would be the case, was 
that will carried into effect), James has thought proper to contest it. 
Wm. Mitchell administered on the estate on the first Monday in Jany., 
and left here a few days after, and has not been down since. Therefore, 
I can not say anything respecting the business of Wm. Hughes' estate. 
Should the will be set aside, it is very likely there will be a new adminis- 
trator. Who he will be, or when this business will be got through with, 
I can not tell. 

If John is not engaged, he had better come down, fully authorized to 
act for Wm. and Eliza, as I suppose they will be summoned here at the 
next Court (March). 

The health of my family and connexions is much the same as when 
Jno. left us. Esther desires to the remembered to you all. I also. 

Your Friend and Relative, 


(The above letter was addressed to William Cunliffe, Madison, In- 
diana, husband of Eliza Ann (Hughes) Cunliffe, H4(4-2), both of whom 
appear in this record. The William and Eliza referred to were Aunt 
Eliza and Uncle William Meriwether Hughes, sister and brother of my 
grandmother, whose affairs were being supervised by the above John 
Hughes, H4, as may be observed in h^i will herein. 

The John and Henry referred to were 
(not known). 

Oldham County, Kentucky, 
June 29, 1848. 

Dear Martha: 

Thinking you would be anxious to hear from home, I have concluded 
to write. We are all well, and I hear of no case of sickness In the neigh- 
borhood. Charles and Stei)hen got home Sunday evening in very good 
time, and I was glad to hear you got up so well. I was afraid, when you 
left, little Sarah might be sick; she seemed to be so puny in the morn- 

I am sorry to hear of Emily's weak state of health, and I am afraid 
she gives up too much to her feelings. Tell her she must be cheerful, use 
moderate exercise and trust in the Lord, and I hope all will be well after 
a while. 


I have heard of nothing worth relating since you left. Give my love 
to Sally and the children, John and Emily, and accept the same from 

Your Affectionate Mother, 


(The above letter was written by Esther (Cox) Hughes, C5H, my 
great grandmother, widow of John Hughes, H4, while living in Oldham 
County, Kentucky, and was addressed to her daughter, Martha Hughes, 
H5, while at LaOrange, Kentucky).