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Full text of "Huguenot ancestry of the Mallalieus of Saddleworth"

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REYNOLDS HISTORfC^CL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



Ilfll llmi J III limi^ [Jl^^.'-'C LIBRARY 



3 1833 01411 1493 



THE "•■"■' 



Huguenot Ancestry. 



DE, THE 



Mall A LIE US. 



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Saddle w o rth. 

BY 

D. F. E. SYKES, LLB. 



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71 The Kuf.^uenob ancestry of the Mallalieus of 

.M251 Sadcllev/orth . >.Iarsden, Enp., 1920. 
1920 5a p. illus. 2li cm. " 



58911 
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FREDERICK WILLIAM MALLALIEU. 



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THIS LITTLE WORK 
IS 

(BY PERMISSION! 

DEDICATED 

TO 

COUNTY ALDERMAN 

FREDERICK WILLIAM MALLALIEU. 

OF 

LARKWOOD. DELPH, 

IN THE COUNTY OF YORK. 

• ESQUIRE. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. 

AND 

MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT. 

FOR THE 

COLNE VALLEY DIVISION 

OF THE 

WEST RIDING OF THE COUNTY OF YORK. 

AS A 

S 1 I G H r r R I B LJ T E 



TO ONE WHO. A 0.-i.^LNDANT OF ANCESTORS 
THAT BORE A NOBLE PART IN THE CEASELESS 
STRUGGLE FOR POLITICAL AND RELIGIOUS 
LIBERTY. HAS PROVED HIMSELF A CONSISTENT 
AND INTREPID UPHOLDER OF THE SACRED 
PRINCIPLES FOR WHICH HIS FOREFATHERS 
STROVE AND SUFFERED. 



PREFACE. 

I wish to make grateful acknowledgmerit of the willing 
and courteous assistance I have received in the gathering of 
materials for the writing of the pages that follow, to : 

Mrs. Harriet S. Nelson, of Hillside, Ockbrook ; to the Rev. 
J. N. Libbey, M-A., Secretary of the Moravian Union; to the 
Rev. Jean R. Barnabas, Minister of the Eglise Wallonne Hug- 
uenote Evangeiique Franc^aise, Canterbury: to Col. Duncan 
G. Pitcher, Honorary Secretary of the Huguenot Society of 
London ; to the Rev. Louis Verdier, Minister of the French 
Protestant Church of the Savoy ; to Mr. H. S. Kingsford, Sec- 
retary of the Society of Antiquaries of London : to M. N, Weiss, 
President of the Societe de I'Histoire du Protestantisme 
Francais, Paris; to M. Henri Stem. President of the Societe 
Nationale des Antiquaires de France ; to M. L. Jacob, 
President, " Le Document." rue Jacob. Pans; to Col. H. 
Brooke Taylor of the Close, Bakev^^ell ; to Mr. Arthur 
Sheppard, Private Secretary of His Grace the Archbishop of 
Canterbury: to Mr. F. C. Cole. Chief Librarian of the 
Huddersfield Public Library: to Mr. Thomas W. Hand, City 
Librarian, Central Public Library, Leeds : to Mr. J. Henry 
Quinn. Chief Librarian of the Chelsea Public Library; to 
the Rev. J. M. Mallalieu. of Baltonsborough, Nr. Glastonbury: 
to my old College friend, Mr. Joseph Sykes, : to Mr. D. 
Inward, of Tulse Hill Park, London, who made for me ex- 
haustive searches in the Public Record Oflice and elsewhere: 
to all of whom 1 am no less indebted than to the authors of 
the various works quoted in the text. 

D. F. E. SYKES. 

AINSLEY HOUSE, 

MARSDEN. 
Auj'.ust. 1919. 



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Avenge, O Lord, thy slaughtered Saints, whose bones 

Lie scatter'd on the Alpine mountains cold. 

Even them who kept thy truth so pure of old, 

When all our Fathers worship't stocks and stones, 

Forget not : in thy book record their groans, 

Who were thy sheep, and in their antient Fold 

Slayn by the bloody Piemontese that roll d 

Mother with Infant down the Rocks. Their moans 

The Vales redoubl'd to the Hills, and they 

To Heav'n. Their martyr'd blood and ashes sow 

O'er all the Italian fields, where still doth sway 

The triple Tyrant : that from these may grow 

A hunder'd fold, who, having learnt thy way. 

Early may fly the Babylonian woe. 

MILTON. 






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THE HUGUENOT ANCESTRY OF THE 
MALLALIEUS OF SADDLEWORTH. 




PARTI. 

HERE exists a tradition fondly cherished hy 
successive generations of the various branches 
of the family of Mallalieu resident in the ancient 
parish of Saddleworth, and not less dear to 
off-shoots of that family dwelling in other parts 
of the United Kingdom and in the United States of America, 
that they can, with truth, lay claim to a Huguenot origin; that an 
ancestor or ancestors contrived to escape from the persecutions 
with which the Roman Church in France pursued the ad- 
herents of the Protestant Faith ; and that his or their flight, 
and settlement in England, took place about the time of the 
massacre of St. Bartholomew ; that is to say about the year 1572. 
Now, of a Huguenot ancestry, anyone who has regard tor truth, 
courage, endurance, and zeal for religious and civil freedom, may 
well be proud ; and it is the purpose of this little work to set 
forth what has been gleaned, by many enquirers, on the subject 
of the Mallalieu settlement in Saddleworth, and of their French 
origin. 



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Wc of this country helieve that we engaged in the war so recently 
concluded simply and solely to uphold the sacredness of the plighted 
word and to defend the menaced liberties of mankmd. I hr efforts 
and the sacrifices by which those liberties were secured were not 
confined to a single age, to a single country, nor to a single people. 
Men and women of all ages, tongues, climes, and races have added 
their stone to the noble edifice. But it may be cjuestioned whether 
any single race of people endured so much and so long m the 
sacred cause of religious freedom as the Huguenots. One may not 
doubt that the descendants of the people who, some three centuries 
ago, welcomed the Mallalieu fugitives to their midst and gave them 
succour and a home have still, deep rooted m their breasts, the 
hatred of oppression, the contempt for superstition, and the 
passionate love of freedom which animated then' forefathers m the 
days when the way-worn, broken strangers won their way to the 
ancient parish of Saddleworth ; and a brief account of the 
Huguenots, their faith, their sacrifices, and the settlement of some 
of that persecuted Hock in our midst will not, I trust, be destitute 
of interest to the men and women who return to the highest 
Court of the realm a descendant of one of those liigil ives from 
the fair land of France. 

I suppose most of us have a more or less vague notion who and 
what the Huguenots were. I may, perhaps, be pardoned it 1 
try to convey an approximately correct idea of their character 
and their faith. 

The term. Huguenot, is, itself, a mere nickname given to 
the Protestants of France about the middle of the 16th century, 
that is to say about the time of the Massacre of 1572. 1 he 
Protestants of Tours, the story goes, used to meet by night near 
the gate of King Hugo, whom the people regarded as a spirit. 



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A monk said ]Cstinc;ly that the followers of Luther, the Protestants, 
ou^'hl to he called Miit^nienots, as, like KinL,' Hu<j;o, they (Jiily 
went out at nit^'ht. Assurecll\- hut a st)rry jest on which to rest 
so honourahle, so nnpenshalile a name. 

The Hui;uenots were dotted all over France ; hut the faith 
ihi-y professed had its most numerous adlu'renls m ihe provmces 
of l)au|)h,ny and I'rovnce. If ihe reader will consull his map 
of l-'rance he will Imd, on the French side of the Ali)s, what are 
known as the Valleys [ atix ot Piedmont, of " Mountain hoot. 
The i.eople were called Vaudois or Valley Dwellers. When the 
first Mallalieu refut^'ee hrst set foot in Saddleworth— like Aeneas 
of old iniiltiini illc cl Icnis jacUiliis cl cillo . . . duiu condcrct urhein, — 
and gazed upon the hills of Greenfield and the varied scenes which 
were to be the home ol him and his in the years to come, his heart 
musl have heen stirred hy poi^Miant memories of the hills and valleys 
from which he had lled-ag.iin like Aeneas, /<//<> proju^us ; for the 
town ot Malleloy, which was probably the town m France from 
whicli their name is probal)ly derived, is at no great distance 
Irom the Cottian y\lps. Let me quote the words of Dr. Samuel 
Smiles : * " From the main ridge of the Cottian Alps, which divides 
France from Italy, great mountain spurs are thrown out, whicfi run 
westward as well as eastward, and enclose narrow strips of pasturage, 
cultivable land, and green shelves on the mountain sides, where a 
poor, virtuous and hard-working race have long continued to earn a 
scanty subsistence amidst trials and difficulties of no ordinary 
kind — the greatest of which, strange to say, have arisen from the 
l)ure and simph' character ol the religion they profess. Dr. 
Smiles wrote ol tlu' Vaudois whom he visited in recent times, 
but the lace of Nature changes little as the years glide by, nor change 
much the racial characteristics ol a peo|)le remote (rom cities. 

*Th.e Huguenots in France. Routledge 6- Sons, Ludgate Hill. 1881. 

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'I'he Vaudois of tliL-ir day and generation might claim to be 
sprung from forefathers who were not so much reformers as 
non-conformists. Their simple faith needed no reform : they 
merely refused to conform, to bow the knee in the house of 
Rimmon. Again to quote Dr. Smiles : " The tradition which 
exists among them is that the early Christian missionaries, when 
travelling from Italy into Gaul by the Roman Road passing over 
Mount Genveres, taught the Gospel in its primitive form to the 
people of the adjoining districts. It is even surmised that St. 
Paul journeyed from Rome into Spain by thai route, and may 
Inmself have imparted to the people of the Valleys their lust 
Christian instruction. The Italian and Gallic i^rovinces m that 
quarter were certainly Christianised in the second century at the 
latest, and it is known that the early missionaries were in the habit 
of making frequent journeys from the provinces to Rome. 
Wherefore it is reasonable to suppose that the people of the Valleys 
would receive occasional visits from the wayfaring teachers who 
travelled by the mountain passes in the immediate neighbourhood 
of their dwellings. 

'■ As years rolled on," continues Dr. Smiles, " and the 
Church of Rome became rich and allied itself with the secular 
power, it gradually departed more and more from its primitive 
condition. [The ancient Vaudois had a saying ' Religion brought 
forth wealth, and the daughter devoured the mother ' ; and 
still another, ' When the bishops' croziers became golden, the 
bishops themselves became wooden.') The new faith in time 
was scarcely to be distinguished from the Paganism which it had 
superseded. . . . The heathen gods were replaced by canonized 
mortals ; Venus and Cupid by the Virgin and Child ; Lares and 
Penates by images and crucirixes ; while incense, (lowers, tapers. 



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and showy dresses came to be recognized as essential parts of the 
ceremonial of the new religion as they had been of the old. . . . 
But the simple Vaudois, sliut up in their almost inaccessible 
valleys and knowing nothing of these innovations, continued 
to adhere to their original primitive form of worship. . . . I he 
Vaudois Church was never, in the ordinary sense of the word, 
a ' Reformed ' Church, simply because it had not become 
corrupted, and did not stand in need of reformation. It was not 
the Vaudois who left the Church, but the Roman Church that left 
them, in search of idols. Adhering to their primitive faith, 
they never recognized the paramount authority of the Pope, they 
never worshipped images, nor used incense, nor observed mass ; 
and when, in the course of time, these corruptions became known 
to them, and they found that the Western Church had ceased to 
be Catholic, and become merely Roman, they openly separated 
from it, as being no longer in conformity with the iMincii^les of 
the Gospel as inculcated in tlie Bible and delivered to them by 
their fathers. ... If age counts for anything, the Vaudois are 
justified in their claim to be considered one of the oldest churches 
in luirope. Long before the coiK^uest of Kngland by the Normans, 
before the time of Wallace and Bruce in Scotland, belore Lngland 
had planted its foot in Ireland, the Vaudois Church existed. 
Their remoteness, their i)overty, and their comparative 
unimportance as a people, for a long time protected them from 
interference ; and for centuries they remained unmolested by 
Rome. But as the Western Church extended its power, it became 
insatiable for uniformity. It would not tolerate the independence 
which characterised the early churches, but aimed at subjecting 
them to the exclusive authority of Rome. ... To crush this 
unoffending but faithful people, Rome employed her most 



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irrefragable arguments — the curses of Lucms and the horrible 
cruelties of Innocent — and the ' Vicar of Christ ' bathed the 
banner of the Cross in a carnage from which the wolves of Romulus 
and the eagles of Ca-sar would have turned with loathing." 

Writing of another district oi Southern l-'rance, contiguous 
to the country of the Vaudois, the same author uses words that 
make one rub his eyes and ask himself if Dr. Smiles was not thinking 
of Saddleworth and its people as they were a century ago. " ! he 
jieople may be poor, but they are not miserable or destitute, for they 
are all well-clad and respectable-looking peasants, and there is 
not a beggar to be seen in the district. The country grows strong 
and brave men. Those barren mountain districts have bred a race 
of heroes, and the men are as simple and kind as they are brave. 
Hospitality is a characteristic of the people. 

" As in other parts of France, the peasantry here are laborious 
to excess. Robust and hardy, ihey are distinguished for their 
perseverance against the obstacles which Nature constantly 
opposes to them. Out-door industry being suspended in winter, 
during which they are shut uj) in their cabins for nearly six months 
by the ice and snow, they occupy themselves in preparing their 
wool for manufacture into cloth. The women card, the children 
spin, the men weave, and each cottage is a little manufactory of 
drugget and serge, which is taken to market m spring, and sold 
in the Low Country towns." 

As has been said, it is claimed that the Mallalieii refugees from 
h'rance lied hither alter the massacre of St. Bartholomew. 

The Feast of St. Bartholomew fell, in the year 1572, on 
August 24th. On that and a few following days and nights 
l)erished by the sword thousands of men and women who had been 

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denounced to [he. law for no ofTence hut tlieir adhesion to the 
l^efonni-d Faith, as it is custoniarily ealh-fh and their rejection 
of the coninuinion of the Church ot Rome. I hey received no 
trial; had no o|)|)oi Innily of (h-feiice or extenuation; a priest 
or a si)y whispered the name and their fh)om was seah-(h I he 
hh)ody dvvd was conhned to no city, town, villai^e or province 
of I'r.mce. Wherever a 1 lut^uienot was known or suspett there 
the ai^'enls of the Church of Rome Au\ then heHish work. There 
was no quarter, no mercy : neither at^e nor sex stayed the sword 
of the ruthless sohhers of the priest-ridden king of France. 

In that year of 1372, so fraught with tragedy for the Hug- 
uenots, there sate ujion the throne ol England one of the greatest 
of women and perhaps the greatest of queens — Fhzaheth. With all 
her faults and all her weaknesses, no impartial reader of history 
will, 1 think, deny her right to the proud words " Fidei Defensor," 
Defender of the Faith, a title conferred by the Pope upon her 
father when that father was still a son of the Roman Church, and 
rightlv retained hy him and his successors in relation to a purer 
faith th.m that of Rome. To Fngland and to Fli/aheth the 
oppressed and jierseciited Muguenots of the Continent turned for 
succour and protection. This favoured island of ours, this 
gem set in the silver sea, hecame the asylum of all who could 
escape from the horrors of the Inquisition and the fanatic 
cruelties of the Roman Church. But to escape from France or 
the Netherlands or Spain was no easy matter. People had some- 
thing more to do than take a ticket at a railway station or secure a 
berth in an ocean-going steamer. Again let me draw upon the 
eloquent pages of Dr. Smiles : " All roads leading to the frontier 
or the sea-coast streamed with fugitives. They went in various 
forms and guises — sometimes in bodies of armed men, at other times 

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' in solitary parties, travelling at ni^'lu and sleeping in the woods 

! hy day. I'hey went as beggars, travelling merchants, sellers of 

heads and chaplets, gypsies, soldiers, shepherds, women with theu" 
■ faces dyed and sometimes dressed in men's clothes and in all 

manner of disguises." The Government of France, we see, had 
hecome alarmed at the magnitude of the exodus its criminal folly 
had hrought about, and the Church saw with chagrin its prey 
! cscapinsi its toils. " I'^very road out of France was posted with 

guards. The towns, highways, bridges and ferries were all 
watched ; and heavy rewards were promised to those who would 
stop or bring back the fugitives. Many were taken, loaded with 
irons, and despatched by tlie most public roads through France, 
—as a sight to be seen by other Protestants,— to the galleys at 
Marseilles, Brest and other ports. As they went along they were 
subject to every sort of indignity in the towns and villages through 
which they jjassed. They were hooted, stoned, spat upon, and 
loaded with insults. 

Nor wet-e those who sought to escape by sea in better case. 
" Many who got off hurriedly in little boats must have been 
drowned, as they were never afterwards heard of. Otheis who 
got away by foreign ships taking In their cargoes in the western 
harbours got cooped up in casks or wine barraques, with holes 
for breathing jdaces, others contrived to get surrei:>titiously into 
the hold and stowed themselves away among the goods." Verily 
there is no new thing under the sun. I daresay most of us thought 
the Germans in the Great War were the first to resort to poison 
gas. But no ! " When it became known to the Government 
' : that many Protestants were escaping in this way, provision was 

made to mecl the case ; and a Royal Order was issued that, 
' before any ship was allowed to set sail for a foreign port, the hold 



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could iiul otIuTWisc l)c dclrclcd, ini-^dil tliiis he siiflocatcd ." 

.Any i hii,nienot fut^itivr wliosr home was at, or m the distiicl of 

Mallfloy, ntar Nancy, in LorraiiK , wlirncc llu- forchcars of 

ll.c Mallalic^us of Saddlcworlh pcssihly (Ird, would nmkc for a 

noillicrn, in prclcrrncc to a souliui!i port. I'or one reason, the 

distance was shorter. Once in the Netherlands he would find 

friends and fellow-Lutherans, who whoiild speed him on his way 

lo the sr?-!. lard. Dunkirk or Ghent would serve : a coastinti; 

harque, a Irieudly skipi)er .uid then (|uick lor Loudon and salely. 

1 hat some ol the Mallalieu c/?H'i,<r( s reached London, and that 

some of them tarried there, seems more than likely. 

This view imds some support from the fact that the Suhsidy 

Roll for lb25 for Spittlefields and Arlillerv Lane contains the 

entry : — 

James Maleu . . . . 8d. 

and this name is recorded m Vol. X. of the publications of the 

Huguenot Society, which contains an exhaustive list of all aliens 

111 London and the suhurhs from Henry Vlll. to James L 

Ihe mother church of the French Protestants in London 

was in Threadneedle Street. It was afterwards removed to Soho. 

The Register of marria-es and haplisius | U''H>- 1 f)«-fl contains the 

entries : — 

1631. Malieu, Isaac, fils de Abraham M. et de Nicolle Leuo. 

7 em. [witnesses] : Bertram Cambrelam,* Mane Pouce, 

Jeanne Hioge, Jan. 2. 

1636. De Mallv, Jacob, fils de Abraham de M. et de Nicolle, 

sa femme. I em. : Henry Cnqueman, flamen., Anne 

Cla, I'ev. 21. 

* Possibly an ancestor of the Rt. Hon Austen Chamberlain, M.P.. though 
Mr. Chamberlain informs ine he has not been able to trace his lineage further 
back than to one Daniel Chamberlain who died between 1750 and !760. 

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1633. Dc Mallly, Ahraham. fiis de Abraham de M. rl dv. 
Nicollc, sa feinme. Tcm. : Baudii Deninicr, Mane, 
femnic de Pit-riL' le Quiou, juiii 30. 
1640. Du Bois, Mathias, natif dc 1' Isle cmi Flanders, et Nicol 
l.ieve, veiifve (r.\l)raliain de Mailly native tie Cainliray, 
Oct. 8, marie le 12 Novemh. 
1684. Maleue, Marie, fille de Charles M. et Madeleine 
Malou, sa femme. Tern : Jean Cornd et Catherine 
Bout, .'\out., 27. 

It may be objected that we are concerned about the family of 
Mallalieu, which we now })ronounce as a word of three syllables, 
and not with Maleues or Malieus. But any one acquainted with 
the exquisite languat^e of beautiful France needs not to be informed 
that a word written Mallelieu would be pronounced by a Irench- 
man as if written Mahlew or even Mawlew. And the Registers of 
St. Chad's Church, at Saddleworth, afford abundant evidence 
of the difficulty which the clerk or sexton of that venerable Church 
found, three hundred years ago, in dealing with the, to him, out- 
landish names of those strange settlers in the parish. And even 
if the curate himself kept the records, rare in those days, 1 opine, 
was the country cleric who knew a word of French and rarer 
still the cleric who could pronounce that word con eclly. Indeed 
was there not "The parson of Saddlewick [Saddleworth] who 
could read no book but his own." * '? t 



• Ray's ■ English Proverbs." quoted by Mr. Radcliffe. 

I I find no little confirmation of the view stated above in a letter from M. 
L. Jacob, President, ' ' Le Document," Pans, in which M. Jacob says 

".4 rcnniniiicr lonlcfois que MALLELOY sc pnmoncail ct s'ccrnvuit pt-iuhntt 
loriLilciii/is AIARI.OV." or to translate, "Be it noted that Mallcloy was for a 
long time pronounced an d written ■■ Marloy." He cites from the records of 
ilie Huguenot Church in Threddneedle Street the name " Marloy, Mane, 19 
ans a Londres. and Juillel, 173S." 



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Thus vvc finrl in the Register that the oflicial, were lie cleric or 
layinaii, sjielt the ii.ime in twenty-one chfTerenl ways, to wit : 
Malalew, Malaleu, Malalawe, Malalieu, Malaliew, Malalue, Malelew, 
Maledu. Malladew. Malladue, Mallaleu, Mallalew, Mallalewe, 
Mallaliew, Mallalu, Mallalue, Malledew, Mallelew, Mallcw, 
Mawlew and Malladue. 

Of these names those spelt " Mallew,' " Mawlew ' and 
Malalawe " and " Malledew " should be carefully noted, for 
reasons that will be appreciated as the narrative proceeds. 

We need not look far to find the reason or inducements that led 
the feet of the Mallalieu settlers to the " far-famed Green- 
field hills." The configuration of the country, with its noble 
spurs of the Pennine Range, the green pastures that relieve the 
general harshness of the moorland landscape, the purling brooks, 
the gushing streams, so like to the scenes they knew from youth, 
and above, far above, all other considerations for them, the remote- 
ness from the seat of Government and a too zealous officialdom, 
offered allurements that appealed strongly to men and women 
whom misforliiiie had l.uight to court seclusion and to shun the 
eye of authority, that might at any moment turn from toleration 
and protection to intolerance and persecution. 

Motives of a more materi.il character were m>t wanting. In 
their own country the Huguenots, as we have seen, were not only 
engaged in pastoral pursuits, but were also skilled in the manufacture 
of woollen fabrics. Still less is it necessary to enlarge upon the 
fact that must be engraved deep on the mind of every denizen 
t)f the Colne Valley thai, lor centuries back, the peojile (^1 this 
populous and prosperous district have been absorbed in the 
making of cloth — good, bad, and indifferent. Nevertheless, it 
may be as well to set forth a short extract from the Saddleworth 



(ID 



il ~:'i:.f<r. -., .r .^1 



> i>t . I8 = [ "Ji, •■I!(lr(J< ->lll 



l<i J., Jli-Jtiil }tj.. , . ,, !,,,. I:. : w- 



I ' •' '">f i^-li; Of 2;o' C 'I 



J 



Parish RegistL-r lecordino: the marriiiges al Si. Chad's in the year 
1722. I selecl that year hccause it is the earliest in which the 
records give the avocation of the bridegroom. It is unnecessary 
to reproduce more than the name and calhng of the husband : — 

Peter Bradbury, Clothier. 

John Wood, Sojournt r in Saddleworth. 

Jonah Newton, Sojourner m Saddleworth 

John Broadbent, Clothier. 

Thomas Brayshaw, Sojourner in Saddleworth. 

George Schoheld, Clothier. 

John Whitehead, Clothier. 

Abraham Lees, Yeoman. 

James Broadbent, Linen Weaver. 

[3avid Nield. Clothier. 

Edmund Scholefield, Clothier. 

Richard Lawton, Clothier. 

Henry Newton, Slater. 

James Smith, Pedlar. 

John Lawlon, Ch.lhi.r. 

John Kt'invorthy, Clothier. 

John Gartside, Clothier. 

John Whitehead. Vrcinan. 

John Bradbury, Clothier. 

Jacob Twedell, Fustian Weaver. ' i • ■ 

As there is no reason to suppose that " Clothiers " were more 
addicted to matrimony than those engaged in other crafts it will 
be obvious at a glance what a very large proportion of the male 
adult population was engaged m the making of cloth. It should 
perhaps be stated that in former times the term " clothier did not 
mean, as now, merely a retailer of cloth made by others, but a man 



(1. 



i; .-M't' 






I ' -,1 






who clifl ill fact tlollic his cusIoiikts with the i^mkkIs of his own 
creation, ina.h- l.v h.nul o. th.- haiul-h.oin. .uul in the maker's 
own home, not oiilv »i(/n(/lactiii cd, Imt, il 1 nuiy com a word, 
(/o/ni/lacturcd. Little wonder, then, that a (hstricl so thvoted to 
the makini,' of cloth drew the exiles from }• ranee as the magnel; 
draws the needle. 

.And now, alter what, I fear, many may have found an unduly 
loniT |Meaml)le, we are m a hetler position to consider and weii^h 
whatever the Parish Registers of St. Chad's have to say on the 
matter in hand, .uul I hasten to acknowledge mv indehtedness 
to the lahours of Mr. John Radclitfe, who edited the two volumes 
containing copies of the records of Baptisms, Marriages and 
Burials at St. Chad's from the year 1614 to the year 1800. 

The following excerpts will suffice for the moment : — 
1614. 

Margret, the daughter of George Malalew, bap. the 9th 
of October. 

John Mallalew, burid the 2nd November. 

1615. 
Ane, daughter of Wrigley Mawlew* (Malalew) bapt. the 
26th of November. 

1617. 
Mis, ////(/ Wrigley Mawlew* (Malalew?) bai^t. Oct. I9tl,. 
' Robert Shaw I was married September . . 

i Margaret Mawlew^ (Malalew) | 
1633. 
Elizabeth, /// Joins Malelu, April 8th, bai^t. 
1654. 



* The keeper of the Register hcaripp, iii<-' word " Mallelew " from French 
ips may v\'ell be pardoned for vvniint; ' Mawlew." 



(15) 



fbV :.,>. .']>■' 



„,.l 



,1 •!. 






( ^ 



'Thomas Wood and 1 married Sept. 16th. 

(Alice MaU-lu I 

1641. 

Oct. 3.— Thomas. Jil John Malclii, hapt. 

It seems tolerably clear that in the hrst half of the seventeenth 
century there were in the parish of Saddleworth three men bearmg 
the name we now spell Mallalieu : George, Wrigley and John, 
probably brothers. The Christian names would seem to denote, 
if not an English extraction, at least an English settlement. The 
surname is as obviously alien. Now there are extant two Subsidy 
Rolls, one compiled in the reign of Richard II. and the year 1379, 
and a later one compiled in the reign of Henry VI II. and the year 
1524, half a century before the massacre of St. Bartholomew. 
The former of these Rolls professes to set forth the names and 
abodes of all persons in, among other localities, the West Riding, 
of the age of sixteen, and not notorious meiuhcanls ; the latter 
contains similar and additional information. Now, in neither of 
these Rolls can the name of Mallalieu be found in any guise or 
form. Nor can the name be found in the index to " Yorkshire 
iMnes and Recoveries," which covers the long period between 
the reigns of Edward I. and William IV., when Fines and Recoveries 
were abolished. 

Obviously, then, between 1524 and 1 614, a i)eriod of only 
ninety years, the Mallalieu family must have emerged from 
somewhere into the parish of Saddleworth. 

The family tradition that the Mallalieus originally came from 
France finds great support from a letter written to me, in reply to 
enquiries, by Monsieur Henri Stein, the distinguished president 
of the National Society of the Antiquaries of France, a genllemaii 
highly esteemed in more countries than his own for his profound 



(14) 



.1... ... .x'j ni /^ ./ -Jio.it v.nU! 



y_.b;<, MP :' !.',; 






t^ ■' < ,1 



ito'! ■'(:., > /■u .I'ls.! 



'i.r-:lv 






'If!.r I 



i'fl) 



archaeological erudition and not less for a cLaiming courtesy that, 
1 fear, is not always to he found among tin.- students of al)struse 
suhjects. I set lorth copies and a translation of the letter and 
the enclosure to which M. Stein refers. 



SdcIE Hi Xa IK (N.U.I' 

u:.s .\.\ I lor.M KI..S ij|., I''kanc 



I'c.ur iriHHula- .1 Vijivc drvun-a- Iriin, ,lu - (kiu],vc. 

I.,i, ^ci-u,'!!, u- (Ir .Mallrl..y cs1 en l.cniaiiir, aiijnmd' Imi , antun (k- 
-\<.nien\-, iK.ii 1..1I1 (Ir .X.iiRy. Cette sel-neuiie a, ni ellel ai.parteiiu 
l"'i,^l'nii.s, ,t an iiumms deiuiis \v \\ I . sirele a la lanullc nuhic 
( "lll^;^n^. ()„ trmiNi. a >etle date jean t i ,1 1 i,mi,ai ,|ui declare j-cs^cder 

\-au<lriii,,nl Miiwiil l,,,^ei pluMru,.. l,,!-, ,|i,aiul lU cha.saicnt dan.s les 

11 .uinldi par l.ltre.-, de 
i,L;ileii,ie de .Mallcduy lul 
"I-,,' en .a.intr |H,ur ldin,.iid ( . ,11 i,L;n( .n , (un^eiller d' la.il dn due (!.• 
l-'"i'Hiie.- I'.t |e I(>n^ en\uie la eopie lies lelUes du 15 Aonl, 17.^0, en 
la\enr dn Ills d' lalnunid (.'olli^non . Lenrs arnioiries elaieiil : d' azitt 
mi siiiiloir ,/' (iiiU'iil , .iiil.nnir dc ,/nulic' ln-s,iiits d' ,; .• 

II ii' exist, |.a^ ,n hran..' iin,' inslitnli.,n scnil.jable a telle du 
//rr„/./.s-' (e//,,;v, ,|,nn e.nis me nail,/, niais srnlenienl d,-s .al.iiiets 



I'l. riv ( .dll^n,Ml, lie a .\aii 
e I'liw laid (I., .\lai, 17..,), 



iv,s d, 



■s |) 



-. el 



i^snraiiee de 



Ih'.NKi Si KIN, J 'reside )it. 



.\ivliiv, 
Areliiv, 



Alenrllie-et-.\|.iS( 
.Meurllie-et-Mose 



Xaiiey, \'> 50.1; 
X'ancy, !•! 11 13. 



TIk- /'(■,v/;//,s (/■(.;■ on llie sliiclJ or coal were probably a By/aniinc com 
of Rold and were added. (Mobably. 10 indicaie pariicipaiion in one of llie 
Crusades. 



(I)) 



rFiaiislalion of M. Henri Sluin's letter. ] 



-ECK1-. lAK'l- ^ I 

•Jni; Mrsiii 



\Aiii)N.\r. SociK [v c)i- L III- 

AMliifAIMl'S OI- I'KANCi:, 
I-,. I'AKIs. Xorc'iiihcr mih, 1<)I' 



I 'i;ak mi.;, 

I \<.\^[<-u 1. 1 '^nr \im ml. nil supp!ciiuiiUirv dclails, in \r]>\\ In 

\(.lll 1,1^1 Irltrl (il ( 1. t.ili; r JJll.l. 

I he S.'i-iiui \ Ml \Lill. |m\- 1. ni I.Mvnuiu-, now ;l , anion -I Xdincny, 
iKil kii Inuii .Willi \. Ihal sri-ii<.r\ lui-, U,i a \<n\'j[ I line, and al ll■a^l 
sin,.- 111., nail ..iilnix, |H|.,ir.,,l t,, the iimI.Ic lainilv (.1 (.dli-iioii. 
I liiMJ ,,| III,, I linic a j.-.iii ( ..llr-;ih.ii l.iyin- i I.miii 1.. ,i li..iisc ,il .\l,i llcl. >\-, 
.11 ulii, li ill,. Diilu'ol I, on aim-, I l.iu \ li., .iiid 11ir( ounl dc \ a iidmioiil 
oll.ai ^t,L\a-d ulK'ii Imntinu m lli.it iim^lihoui hood , * and I'lenv C<.lli,^- 
iion, Imiii at .Naiuy, wms cniiolil, d li\ lAlUr> JV.lcnl in llir \rar 137.). 
L;lUt (.M.lv loth, 17JP thf Sri.^n.MV ol .\hillclo\- ua-, rlrval.-d to the 
statu-, <il a c(ainly in laxoiir <it l-.dniond ( olli-non, t oini^ul I. ir of Stat.' 
lo th.. Dnkr ol i.oiiaiiu-.'- .\nd ! >. iid \<.n a copv of the 1.. Uns I'alent 
ol .Xii.i^ii.t i.Tlh, I : V>. ill t.iNoiir of 111,. .,011 ,d iMlnioiid (dlli-non. riicar 
ariii^ wrvr ■ A/iir, an ..nUoii- d'ai-.ail, ranloiinr dc- ([nalic l.rsaiU-, 

d'oi J lhinl< >(.Li will lind tin-, inlonnalion int. ri>l 111,^ , 

and tii.u i> nill hUllKe. 

1I1..NKV Sti.:in, I 'reside lit. 

* .\ivhi\rs (h' .MciiitlK--rl MoM.llr, at Nancy, 11,.S"I7. 
t .\i, hiw-, of .Mruitlu.-i-l Ah.-i llr, at N.iii, s, 1;, !(._;. 



1.1.1 IKI.S Al( OKI.|'.|..S I'AK JKANvolS 111,, 

DiT DK Lorkatm;, a I'J)Mo.\ii C'(H.i.i(;.\(j.\, 
le M. Aont. i7,v.. 

Xou.s avoiis mis i-ii eoiisidcralion k-s boiis et a^irablcs SLi\aces 
(|ii(. nolle ihrr ct feal Ic sieiir iMlnionil (cdli^noii, cluAalirr, K.inte 
dr M,ill,.|o\-, a irii.lu a h 11 iiotn. yvw |iis.|ir a son i\(-^ es, a\c. beaucoiii. 
d' all.ulM innit, d.- /rlr .1 dr lid. In. ; ,.iK-,i I, ,1 11. .1m- .111 s.-i-nenr .-t 

.oinl,. |..ir l.lli.-s l>.il.iil.-s .1 \l,,i, 1^ .. I ; d. |.iii-, l.-.|ii. I l.ni|.s il .1 



(16) 



I i.H t i' •!i'. .u.-.H .U lo .i/i.r.ljiiMYr 



■l:.vi\ 1l1 J.>. 



<K 



jnuv (Ic (.lie qualilr, ct vmuUihI l.i inv]uAuvv ;\ sa. | .nsl.'ril r, lu.us .ivnus 
,,>,,lu<r .iJMiil.i 1.1 pailu tilr ,/< a >..ii iMHM d.: laniillr it ,1c liiv cnnUnT 

( ulli^iuMi, oant.' .1.- MalK-h.v, .I' ap-ut. , la ]. 

,|l,alll<- rl .ll-lUtr .Ir .M.ntr 

( olli.-noii, (■ii>cMil)lc ^c.. rn 



>■■, ll 


■Kin c 


t illu,. 


IV (hi 11. 


nil. 


tilrr, 


\nul 


,ns qu 


■ Cl(-.M| 


nai-, !,■ (1 


1 >1 


■m Av 


M- (ll 


,,• n n 


illr i-ll 


ll -illllU' 
(dlllU^.I 


in. 


1 ia'4i , 



Loinniif dc Ih.ui rdlcticy. par llnui I .c pa- 
I'l'ianslalioii c.f llic Letters Patriil.] 

I.Kl II. Ks I'AIKM (.UAMI.n U 

Di KK .)!■ I.oukaim:. 1. 



w, 



.■/'//■iiiriil ,111 .W'l'i/uinc (Ic 
rl l.rcill (..iniiain (NaiKX, 



,ula,>rptal.KMTVl 



Mallclnx, ivmlriv.l In (.uf laU' lathri- up U. Ill-, dcatli, \Mtli miuli 
ilr\-(.li.iii, /ral aiul li.l.lity ; .i1-.m ll.r laU ihal oiii lair ImkI an, I lallur, 

dn^nilv ,.l a. ,,iunU- 1>V l,-1t,i-, pali-nl datrd .\la\- mill, 17 J |, a di,miil)- 
,-np.v,d sine,- th. Ill,, t'lu jM,,-, 111 t nn,' ; an.l, b.-iii'^ iniiuk,! t,- p, 1 p,-liiaU- 
11 in lu^ p,i-UiHV. u<- liaxr .I,-, i,l>.l t" a, 1-1 liu- y.uU, !>■ ,/c U, hi. laiuily 
n.mif, aiul I,. ,,ail,-i- ,,11 liiin Uic (ill,- ..I ('..niil ; u li,i , l,,i ,■ w,' lia\,' 
■.;ianlc,l (,. tli,' >.iul Sir IaIiiuuuI ( , d li-ii, mi . C-.'Uiil ,.l .Mall, I, .y, lucii-,' 
U. a. 1,1 111,' pa, 11, I, ,/, I,. 111. laiinlv nam,, an,l have ,„-aU,l. nain,,l, 
,k-c,nat,(l and iiia,!,' 1. 1111 illu.lii,.n. 1,\ lli,' name, till,', ,i,ialitv, and 
dioHilvoi Cniiiil ■ aiul-nir vm 1 1 is Uial 1,, 11, ,l, .11 li tli,' >ai,l Sir ImIiimmmI 
Cdli-non an, I In. lautiil duKlMai ai„l llM-ir p..sU-iilN an.l liii,- max 

* Sniipli-nn'iU lo llu- \\-v\:i-r ,,! I.,.rraiiir, .if I Hnii l',dl,lUT. l.>- 
lUnri 1.,-pa-,' an,l [.,-,in CuMinain (Nancy, KSS3. in,nlaA-,M, pav,- 1,17. 

TIk- iiK'aniiit,' and signiruance of the Icllci- of M. Hriiii Stein, 
aiul of the ct)|)y l.etteis Latent, seems to he that one l^ieiie 
Collii^non, slate counsellor to the I3uke of I^otiaine, was eiinol.led 
\n Ml') and ohtalned the grant of the domain of l\lallelo\ — this for 
services rt'ndered, the nature of which is not s|)eci(ied— neithi^r 
is it stated who owned the estate before I )79, nor who were the 



(17) 



i\ 



seigneurs de Malleloy Hefore Pierre Collignon secured il from his 
ducal patron. But we know that the massacre of St. Bartholomew 
was in August, 1572, seven years before Collignon secured his 
patent of nohilily and the estate of M.illeloy, and il may well he. 
(hough It IS not certain, that the Seigneurs of Malleloy, helore 
Collignon, were themselves called Malleloy, that they were accused 
or suspected of Lutheran principles or sympathies, and, in f^ne, 
that the service so acceptable to the Duke of Lorraine was neither 
more nor less than heresy hunting. But without asserting, as 
indeed there is no desire to do, that the ancestors of the Mallalieus 
of Saddleworth were at one time Seigneurs of Malleloy, it is 
abundantly probable that the town of Malleloy had residents who 
had acquired their surnames from the village of their birth and 
abode ; just as in this country there are faiuilies bearing such names 
as Ashton. Beverley, Bowden, Crosland, Doncaster, Lockwood, 
Marsden— one could multiply instances ad infiiiilum—ivom the 
simple fact that at some remote period an ancestor lived in the 
village or town whose name was tacked on to his Christian name 
as surname. It is clear that the Collignons down to 1736 stood 
high m Court favour, and that involved a staunch adherence to 
tin. Church of Rome, and were there any Protestants or 1 lugaenols 
m llu- town of Malleloy, near Nancy, m the year of doom. 1572, 
It luhoved ihiin to m.ike good their esca)).-, while yet there was lime. 
If, then, the Saddleworth Mallalieus came from France it is 
highly likelv that the town of Malleloy was the cradle of their 
,,„.,. and thai they lied thence after 1572. 

\>>xa why should the members of the Mallal.eu family, scalle.rd 
over a wide area, believe that their ancestor came to England from 
l-'rance, and that he was a 1 lugueiiol ? What more ground is there 
fo, that faith than for b.-lieviug, say, that the hrsl Mallaruns or 

m 



Hi'., I>. V 



lUS </. n: 



.' ! Oiij .,: 7ui, :.'■:'■.. ■ ■ '■ >i '■'■'• ••'■ij ifif^i 

! Y^oto.' .'I (I ^l •''■ ■•'.'■ r/i.«i(U 

i v/n. ',.:j ti rlt Mf ■r.>i : /;ifii;'if'i;(!> 

' , , ■ . I,. 






J-!i .?■->;-■• p V'j 



. -,<- 



Malews recorded in the Saddlewoilli Registers liailed IroniSalendmc 
Nook and were Baptists? I answer in two words — I'amily 
Tradition — the best of all evidence, when documentary evidence 
is not available, analogous to the evidence that our Courts of Law 
admit daily in disputes as to boundaries, rights of way, light, water, 
and other easements often ol great value, sometimes, indeed, 
beyond price. It is called " Evidence of Reputation," or, to 
avoid technical language, " Evidence of General Belief." 

Now as to the prevalence of the belief in the Mallalieu family, 
held not alone by those members of it now resident in and about 
Saddleworth, that their ancestors were Huguenot refugees from 
France there is evidence enough and to spare. Here, for instance, is 
a copy of a letter addressed to Mr. William Mallalieu, of Ockbrook, 
and entrusted to me by Mrs. Harriet S. Nelson, of Ockbrook, herself 
of Mallalieu descent, and whose courtesy in placing lanuly records 
at my service I cannot well exaggerate : — 

" Baliimori:, Co. Cork, 

Af^ril IhJ, 1893. 
Dkak Sir, 

I saw the name of Mallalieu in the Births column of the Dailij 
Chronicle the other day, and as I am much interested in the name, 
1 lu)pe you will iu)t think it intrusive oi me to write and ask you 
if you could kindly give me some account of its origin. 

It was the original name of my family. The earliest recoid 
I have of them is that three brothers named Mallalieu, finishers of 
woollen cloth, came from Brabant in consequence of religious 
l)ersecution and settled at a place called French Mill in Saddle- 
worth [Lancashire] in the time of Elizabeth. In the year 1670 
there were two brothers, their descendants, settled near Rochdale, 
the younger of whom, George Mallalieu, was my ancestor. 



(19) 



;!>■ i! V '. yc- J 111 O 'Hit 



. . (.'■ I/.it?iji.1n3 bun 
.?■;*.'/ b 'b .t-'vOE-.h ijJtUili !■/ to 



.f<^ .-., 



-'Vi. -'..> J 






I have always heard that there was a hranch of the family 
that had kept to the original name, and should your family be that 
Irranch you might perhaps, he able to give me some further 
information. 

In any ease 1 should like to know where the name " Mallalieii " 
originated, and whether il has any meaning. 

My father used to sav that three litlli' (lowers, lilies perha])s, 

were the erest. 

[Signed] BreND.A Mi;1.L.\DE\X'." 

So here we have another variation — Melladew — in the spelling 
of the lamily name. 

Here, again, is another letter written by Bishop W. F. Mallalieu 
of the EiMseopal Methodist Church in the United States to Mr. 
William Mallalieu of Oekbrook :— 

" AuiiuRNDAi.i', Mass., U.S.A., 

12/3/U6. 
Mk. WiiiiAM Mai.i.ai.iku, .I.P.. 
My Dkak Sir, 

Last .April 1 received from Captain George A. Gridcn, Secre- 
tary t)f the New England Historic Genealogical Society of Boston, 
MiNS., a note calling my attention to the fact that one of my name, 
yourself, was a member of an .\ntiquarian Society ol Nottingham- 
shire, and after some time gave me your address. It has been in 
my mind to write you ever since receiving the note, but 1 have l)een 
delayetl by ofhcial duties. 

1 am interested in the origin of our name. In our family there 
is a tradition that we are desceiuled Iroin a biancis Mallalieu, 
a Noimaii Frenchman who esca|.e<l to Holland just aft<-r the 
iiMssacre of Si. Bartholomew. Aug. 14, IvJ, and thence wiiit to 

(20) 



s-j ),<.: '„.!. 



'I -(..fl vIlMti' -.ill 

jiij"f;r ■! .fu»; r. , -T i ! 



i !;,[v'" I/:,'.:,' i-'^/ .iii/l 







BISHOP WILLAHD F. MALLALIEU 



I-^nglaiul [Yoiksliiir], and was conex-rned m ihc cslahlisliiiicnl 
and d(\('l()i)in(iil ol llic manufacUuL: o{ wuolleii Ljouds, cl(;llis, etc. 

My lather , John Mallalieu, did llic same in Worcester County, 
In Mass., in 1812. He was horn ui Delpli, Saddleworth, Sep. 28, 
1784. His father's name was Jonathan Mallalieu, and his mother's 
name was Il.u riel lioeharl {'?), a woman of i'Veneh descent, as 
vou will see hy tlu' name. 

1 here is no doubt that one of this name was with William the 
Conqueror at the hattle of Hastings. 1066. Also, not many years 
ago, there was an admiral of the name in the I'.nglish Navy. Also 
the Chief of the London Police in 1848 was a Mallalieu. Also, 
I am told, that one of the company of French refugees to whom 
Elizabeth granted in perjjetuity the use of a cry|)t m Canterbury 
Cathedral was a Mallalieu. 

1 am very truly yours, 

WlLLARD FrANCI.S M.ALLALEIU." 



Bishop Mallalieu unfortunately omitted to state on what 
evidenc(' he grounded his emphatic assertion, " There is no doubt 
that one of this name was with William the Conqueror at the battle 
of Hastings, 1066." The Roll of l^atlle Abbey is supposed to 
have been lost in the lire at Cowdray Park m 1793, wlu're it was 
probablv taken after the Abbey had been granted by Henry VI 11. 
to Sir Anthonv Bicnvne, who destroyed it. The Duchess of 
Cleveland in "The P.altl.' Abbrv Roll"(Mmray, 188')). prints 
versions of the Roll, with an account of the Noiinmi liiir.igrs. I 
imd 

•' Malleu for Malaou, Viscount of Maulou of Poitu," aiul a 
Savarie de Malleoli was Constable of Porchester Castle in 1216. 



(21) 



\^Ya Malleloy was in Lorraine, not in Normandy. 

riie extract, however, is instructive as to the French origin 
of the name of the Yorkshire Mallaheus. 

Blanche's Roll of Arms, temp. Edw. I., has the name " Les 
Sires de Malu — Arms : Or, a chief Gu." 

It Is, therefore, possible enough that a Mawlew or Mallalieu was 
at Hastings, though I should hesitate to say with the Bishop that 
there is no doubt on the matter. I suppose that lawyers are more 
exacting than divines as to the evidence on which they base their 
convictions. 

Bishop Mallalieu was not quite correct In saying that " the 
Chief of the London Police, in 1848, was a Mallalieu." There 
was, however, a Frank Mallalieu, Chief Inspector of Police for the 
London Dockyards. His nephew, Mr. John Hardy Mallalieu, 

resides at. Springhead, near Oldham. 

■ ''i« 

I cannot say how far Bishop Mallalieu was correct In stating 
that " Elizabeth granted to French refugees the use of a crpyt in 
Canterburv Cathedral." What Is certain Is that there exists to 
this day the l\gllse Wallonne Hugiienote luangeluiue b^ancaise, 
founded In 1547 and established by Royal Charter of Edward VI., 
July 24th, 1 550. That church worships in the crpyt of Canterbury 
Cathedral. The Archbishop of Canterbury Is the President of 
the Church and the Reverend Jean R. Barnabas, its Minister. A 
card of invitation to the Sunday Service quotes very appropriately, 
Heb. xl., 36, 37 : " They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, 
were tempted, were slain with the sword : they wandered about in 
sheepskins and goatskins ; being destitute, afflicted, tormented. ' 

(22) 



Ju.fv 



r, -r.'u.O -Ml' 



.!,. -..■' , Mj. ,>:.t:, . ■■ !i 



If. •;: 



Here, ac;ain, is another letter : — 

'till': Mans:;, J Ial roNMiOKoic.ii, 

NF.AK ( It Asi(^\i;rKV, SoMii Ksi; r, 

JllllC 2i>tll, I.IKJ. 
Dkak SlK, 

111 aiiswri- ti. \()ur Irttcrsol tlu' j i si .iiul Mtli iiist. 1 am s(irr\' \-(iii have 
luul U, wail so Imii.^ lor a ivply, but I liavi; beni looking lor any proois 
1 (oulil ^i\c ill siii)i)orl ,,l 111,- liailition iii our laiiiil\ ol' lli.- Mallaluai 
ulio .am.- oxrr uilh his laiiiil\- Ivoiii hVaiuc a. a llii-iini.il .ni,l loiiii.l 
a ,lw>'lliil--l'l.>^<- 111 l.aiH a.hnv. I ran only -nr \on tiir iiaiiir ol the 
.M.illalicn Iroiii whom 1 b.-licvr J am (Icscciidrd, vi/., '■ I'ii-nc." \\m 
ini-hl, howewr, \h- ahir lo k-ani moif from .Mrs. U.S. Ni'lson, llill 
Si(h\ Orkhrook, lu-ar n.'rbv. She ma\- ha\e ,i (()i)\- of a lamilv tn-f 
whuh 1 believe onee existed. 

Mrlicve me, 

^■oms laithrully, 
I). I^. \-.. SvKEs, h'.sf)., Marsdcii. J. M. .M amai.ieu. 

Of, perhaps, greater weight as to the French origin of the name 
than any ol the letters set forth above may he the following com- 
munication Irom Col. Duncan G. Pitcher, whose official position 
ill connection with the Huguenot Society of London, entitles him 
to sneak with the knowledge of a specialist, and to whom I am 
inhnilely indebted for the very kind and courteous assistance he 
has rendered me in the researches involved in the i:)ri.|.ai ,ioii (jI 
this monograph : — 

mcii'.xor soc'ii; r\' < n- u ).\ ix >.\. 

(honndrd i.s.s.s.) 
Iirasuni ■ Assistmit SiCicturv 

\ llr;uvh |;kow.\i.\(;, .M . S. Cirsrj'i'i , l'S..\., 

K. \'i( loria Str<H-t , o | \iiu\ar(l Hill K'oad, 

WcsimnisUr, S.W. W imblrdon, S.W 

llonoiary Secicttu'V 

(■(dollcl Dl NCA.N (.. I'nC lll'U, 

io Evv]yn Mansions, 



:tli'r of cniiniry a.ldrcsscd to .Mr. .M . S. C.iuseppi, .\ssisl. 

(23) 





1, 

SfciiUir\-, liiis \Kvn jtiisscil mi In nic, as 1 usually iinilritnkr replies td 


-.iniil.ii- ((iiiiiiimiicilions. 


\s It lM|i|irii^ 1 am <p|i the |i()iiil nl KaAiii- Idwii hj|- a \\<'ck <>v Sd, 


,iUi\ whrii 1 irlMili iiia\ In- al>lc \n ]i]<\\ al ,!4i(at(r l.ii-tli. At |MC-,ciil' 


1 (an (.iil\- -as- tlial '■ MallaJKai " is ii in Lai hlrd 1 \ ImvikIi 1i\' ,,ii._;iii 


ami lliat A li , William Ma Hal an, i.l Swallows' \rsl , ( )( kl)i(,(,k, 1 >,i l.\-, 


uas rlr, i,,| a. a lallMU ,,| iIms S( m u\v ni Mai. Ii, iNwJ, ami was ,1)11 


.ai mil lisl ill i,,i).|, am! |.iili,i|.s lati r, l)Ul 1 lia\r iKit tiim- lliis r\ciiiiiL( 


Im aclmil ..1 m> s.-aK liiii;-' ha the cxa. t dale d his iiaim .1 is.q.i Harin.u ^ 


1 -.r, ilial lie -,i\r " .Mclladaw " as an al(( 1 iiali\c si.rlliiiL; di llic name* 


\-.mis tnilv, 


hiM \\ ( ;. I'l 1. iii:k, CcL, 


|) !•• |-. SvKics, I'S.i., I.I, r,, Ih'ii Sr, r,t„iv. 


As lo tlic former connection of the Malu-Jieus \n '".nglaiicl witli 


the Huguenot Church, one sahent fact remains. There formerly 


existed in Chelsea a chapel whicli was the place of worship of the 


Huguenots. re>7c the following letter addressed to me : — 


Ml'. rK'<M'( )i.rr.\\ iw )i\< ir( ,i i < )i' e'iii:i.si:.\. 


; ; :,,■•-,,, M xxi;hs.'\ K'o.M., 


l.dM.w.N, S.W. 1, 


V'l/i M,n. loiw. 


1 )r..\K SiK, 


'1 he .\lnra\iaii Cliaix-l licrc still exists, thmi'_;h not imw used as a 


('lia|.(d. ll, lii.\\e\(a, hail iim (mm.rtion with the 1 1 iii;iieniils ,is such. 


1 mid. 1. si, ,11,1 th.it a ( IlijuI hi ( d.b.' I'hi. c at .aie tim.' ludmi-ed t.a ih.' 


Ilii-n,-n..ls It was indi.-.l ,1.,\mi s.,im- f,w \e,ns ,i^.), hut uliere th.' 


Ke-isl.as, il ,iii\-, ar.- n.,\\ 1 .1.. n..l Uimw. The llu-mma Snei.tx ..1 


l.ni.l.iii ma\ li.i\.' s.aii. i nl. a iiial imi an.l \.ai mi-hl applN' t. . .Mr. .\. 


Ilei\. r.i.iwniir; (tlu- ri.asuiei) al lO, N'i.lmia St., W .si miiisl. i , 


S.W , 1 , 1.. see ll Ih.' S.i. i.l \- has aii\ u-e.a.l. 1 am sm i \ w.- h.n.' n.i 


luller ncncl t.i li. I]i \mu 


N-.mrs hulhlnlly, 


1 ih-.N-uv (_)ri\N-. 


1). I'-, !■:. SvKKs, h:s<)., 1,1.. r,,, 


\iiisl.-v llmisc, .M.ns.l. II. ■ ' •■: •■ ■,..:■ 


1 omhstones ri'inoved Iroin the site of the chapel in Gleln' Place 


were examined, some ye.us ago, hy Mr. l . \V. Mallalieu, ol Deljjh. 


Some of them hore the names of tleparted Mallaheus. 


j 1 ' See, onlr. the letter of Miss Brenda Melladcw of Baltimore. Co. Cork. 




1 (24) 

1 


_. .__ ..1 



;. ., ,1 ,,M|.i...l ii ,-/ 

1.. •;.! > . Mir-'. n- h, 

!|. 1^ • u I. .. 'I.I n. 

..;i:, !/ , u li • • . I -ill 

I . '...1.1 ; -.; ...r .'•, 






PART II. 

The previous pa^'es have been mainly devoted to the setting 
forth of ('vifleiice in su[)port of the Frcneii extraction and Huguenot 
coiuiection of the fanuly with which this little monograph is con- 
cerned. 

It is interesting to follow the fortunes of the descendants of the 
Mallalieus whose names ai)pear in the St. Chad's Register of the 
year 1614— George. Wrigley and J..hn. 

If those unhappy victims of a relentless Church hoped to find 
in England that jjcace which they had not known in the land 
from which they or their fathers had fled, their hopes must have 
been rudely dashed. The strong hands of Henry VIII. and his 
daughter Elizabeth did indeed defend the Faith, and James I., 
in whose reign we first find mention of the name of Mallalieu in the 
St. Chad Register, was too recently come from the land of John 
Knox, and was himself too insecurely seated on the English throne 
to have coquetted with the Scarlet Woman had he been ever so 
minded. That monarch died in 1625. " Under his weak rule "— 
to quote Lord Macaulay* — " the spirit of liberty had grown strong, 
and had becom- equal to a great contest. The contest was brought 
on by the policy ol his successor. Charles bore no resemblance 
to his father. He was not a driveller, or a bufToon, or a coward. 
It would be absurd to deny that he was a scholar and a gentleman, 
a man of exquisite taste in the fine arts, a man of strict morals in 
I)rivate life. His talents for business were respectable ; his 
deirieanour was kingly. But he was false, imperious, obstinate, 

* Essays: Lord Nugent's Memorials of Hampden. 



(25) 



" '' .V( II' 1 r.» vn;!r I ,11.11 ^l J 



.^■.j(. ::i '■■'- ..i-j:! ^w'f ■>^:-. ..'. 



! :. ■ li. 



narrow-minded, ignorant of tlic temper of his people, unobservant 
of tlie signs of the times. Flic whole principle of his government 
was resistance to puhlic opinion ; nor did he make any real conces- 
sion to that o|)inion till it mattered not whether he resisted or con- 
ceded, till the nation which had long ceased to love him or to trust 
him, had at last ceased to fear him." In the year 1641, when 
George Malalew and Wrigley Malalew— the John Malalew of 1614 
had died, it should he stated, in that year, — must have been either 
in llu-it prune or in advanced years, a document was signed hy the 
" Trotestors of Quick-cum-Saddlewortli " which left little doubt 
which side the signators would take in the great contest between 
King and Parliament. They expressed their resolve " to maintam 
the religion established against Roman innovation ; to jirotect the 
King's person, th(> freedom ol Parliament, and the rights and 
liberties of the subject." 1 suspect the clause about the protection 
o( the King's person was inserted by some canny Yorkshireman 
as a soil of sugar to the pill. That i)rolest was signed, among 
others, by the Rev. William Wilson, Curate of St. Chad's, by 
(ieorge Mallalewe (whom 1 take to have been the George of that 
ilk living in 1614), by another George Mallalew, whom 1 take to 
be his son, the son whose burial in March, 1675, is r<coi<led in ihe 
R<gister, bv John Mallalew. wIumi. I lake to be the John Mallalew 
whose hi.ii.il in No\'eiubei, I(i7>, is (lul\' n't'orded, and who was 
probably sprung from the |ohn who was buried in 1614, and who 
would probably, if so, bt; the cousin-german of his co-signator, 
George, aiul by a James Malalewe, whose kinship, though prac lically 
certain, 1 am unable to trace. 

That Protestation of the year l64l is the earliest |niblic and 
olhcial record 1 can liiul of .my participation of the Mallalieu 
lamilv in the political struggles of tlu- country ol their adoption. 



(26) 






Im:,o n 



Vlfl i ■); 'B! '.K^ b S •3fii.'4 



' iv.-,/, :>, .] 1 I n <j I"-/) i.w )isl nf'^. m-niO 
i.!/! iO") ..' ' v. I;, iii 7<l (^! )! ■H vfii.'ri Jh 

,1,, . ■ ' I ' ^ ;: i .' • I. ■■■ . ':,: -'- ' ■■ u\'n 



1 1 ) 11. 

'I' ..f'l .-■ !. M 



^, A . , , .1 ,, ,,. :. ,, ,. ^;^ 



I .'J; 



and they could linvc entered the arena at no more critical jjeriod 
of our national life, it was, as the most eloquent and c;raceful 
writer that ever wrote in the English tongue has said,* " one of the 
most remarkable eras in the history of mankind, at the very crisis 
of the struggle between Oromasdes and Arimanes, liberty and 
despotism, reason and prejudice. That great battle was fought 
for no single generation, for no single land. The destinies of the 
human race were staked on the same cast with the freedom of the 
English people. Then were first proclaimed those mighty 
principles which have since worked their way into the depths of 
the American forests, which have roused Greece from the slavery 
and degradation of two thousands years, and which, from one end 
of Europe to the other, have kindled an unquenchable fire in the 
hearts of the oppressed, and loosed the knees of the oppressor 
with an unwonted fear." And surely we who have witnessed 
and rejoiced in the spirit of the British race in the Great War may 
proudly claim that its sons of this day are no unworthy descendants 
of those who struck for freedom in the far-off days of which 
Macaulay wrote so movingly. 

These pages are no fitting place for even the briefest account 
of the long struggle of the Civil War. Suffice it to say that the 
landed gentry and the clergy of the West Riding, as of other 
parts of England, were, for the most part, ranged on the side of 
the King, whilst the traders and artisans mainly fought on the side 
ol Parliament ; and it should be no little source of pride to us of this 
day that the electors of Yorkshire, including those of what is now 
the Colne Valley Division, returned to Parliament for many years 
of those troubled times " the great Lord Fairfax," who, in 1645, 
was appointed by the House of Commons chief in command of 

... . , _,. • Macaulay: Essays: Milton. 



(27) 



U.li,.\: 



TA'A Lat^o'-ii: I!'. (iJi.v 



U .. ■■ --,1 .1 ,,,. . ,1.,- , = ,.4i V 



; -'^jbi/if .ill \Au\'i ^^nVA : 'll 



llu- I'.ulianu-nl loiccs; and llic i)icsciil mciiihci for thai Division 
may icllcct willi lcE;itiniale satisfaction lliat ihr victor of Naschy 
reprcseiitccl ni the supreme council of the realm the people of 
this Valley, and espoused the same principles of reliij;ious and civil 
liberty to which he is himself attached, and whose price, it cannot 
he too often repeated, is eternal vigilance. 

In the year 1660 Charles II. ascended the throne which his 
father's folly or his father's sins — we will not quarrel about the 
word — had forfeited. One of the first Acts of his reign imposed 
upon the people the odious Hearth Tax, a levy which, again to 
quote Lord Macaulay, " seems to have united all the worst evils 
which can be imputed to any tax. It was unef|ual, and unequal 
in a most pernicious way, for it pressed heavily on the poor and 
lightly on the rich. A peasant, whose property was not wortli 
twenty pounds, had to pay several shillings, while the mansion of an 
opulent noble in Lincoon's Inn bields was seldom assessed at two 
guineas. The collectors were empowered to examine the interior 
of every home in the realm, to force the doors of bedrooms, and, 
if the sum demanded were not punctually paid, to sell the trencher 
on which the barley loaf was divided among the poor children 
and the pillow from under the head of the lying-in woman. Nor 
could the Treasury elleclually restrain the chimne\-man Irom 
using his powers with harshness ; loi the tax \sas larmed, and 
the Government was consetiuently forced to connive at outrages 
and exactions which have, in every age, made the name of a 
publican a prov.rb for all I hat is hateful.* 

In the Returns of the Constable of the West Riding of " the 



• The Tax, imposed in 1660, was repealed in 1689 by one of the earliest 
enactments after the Revolulion The term "Publican" was used by Lord 
Macaulay in its old sense of a Tax Farmer. 



(28) 



.'I 1,: 

•-■■! 



■.■f: . ;i, .. Kii' it.. ' /•'! . <\ .fit ,1 ' !v/ 



,. /', , i.V; /■,, 



vl.iU 



<^} 



■d •>fl. mI 



^SL4MH#i^ 










|L»-| _ ■; |— ^1 



'^i^!^:M 




^1 :• 



iir^' 




names of the persons with the nuincr tlieir Hearlhes for Lady Day. 
1666, wllinn the Wapentake of Aghris,'k' and Morh-y," In the (^niek 
Bill, 1 find John Mallalew relnrned as occupynii? a honse with 
one He'arlh, or lirephiet', which presuinahly wonhf he in the com- 
hined kilch.'ii and " livmi,' ro.Jiii." The MaHah.w so taxed W(;iild 
perhai)s he the John Mahdew who was huried at St. Chad's on 
Nov. 15th, 1673. in the Returns for the years 1760-80, George, 
Malledew, Thomas Malledew and John Malledew, taxed each 
for one Hearth, were clearly not at that time very opulent members 
of the community. The George Malladew so taxed may have been 
the George of that name buried at St. Chad's in March, 1675, or 
he may have been a later George, his son, who married Mary 
Royton, in October, 1678, and in hT-liruary, 1680, wed Mary 
Schofeild— -the " Old George Mallalew of Wharnton Brow " of 
the Parish Registers, who was not gathered to his fathers till 
November, 1734, four years after the celebration of his " golden 
wedding day " to Mary Scholefeild, and who, if born, as he 
j)robably was, about the year 1654 or even carliej-, saw the 
I'roleclorales of Oliver Cromwell and his son Richard, the 
restoration and death of Charles 11., the accession and abchcation 
of James II., the " Glorious Revolution " of 1689, the accession 
and death of William III., of Mary II., of .Anne, and of George I., 
and ihc accession of George II. 

It is not till we reach the year 1702 that the public documents 
still extant, in recording the births, marriages, deaths, or other 
events in the famil>- with which we are concerned, give any 
description or addition to the Christian and surname ol the member 
referred to. In that year, however, the Chief Rent Roll of Saddle- 
worth mentions the payment of Is. Id. by " Widow Mallalieu 
and her Drs. (daughters) for Ruumnghill." I have no desire 



( .«; 



t29) 



., .' ' ,./ ,i.|,,: 1. ,; 1 i' 



b, ...a .^,1 1 



to exalt the law at the expense of the Church, hut it certamly is 
noteworthy that the Rent Roll, which was probahly kepi hy a 
lawyer, renders the name as we spell it to-day, whilst the Curates 
of St. Chad's, or their clerks or sextons, spelt the name apparently 
as fancy suggested. The " Widow Mallalieu " referred to was 
probably that " Margret, ye wife of Thomas Mallalevv," who was 
buried at St. Chad's m Febraury, 1703, whose maid<-n name was 
Margret Bradbury, and whom Thomas Mallalew married 
en sccondes iwces, in December, 1682. A later entry, also giving 
a place of residence, is found in the [''arish Register. It records 
the baptism, on .Ai^ il I 8th, 1725, of John, son of Thomas MalLilue, 
Clothier, and Grace, his wife, " de French Miln." In 1738, 
Thomas Mallalue's wife, Grace, bore him another son, and this 
time the residence of the parents is given as " French's." 

It is a geiiei.il and long-held belief in Sadilleworth thai I'rench 
Milii aiul I'rciuh's ..blamed llu.se disliiuiive names fi..m the 
circumstance of the Milii or Mill having once been owned or 
"run," and the district called hrench's inhabited, by people of 
breiich origin. Anyone who knows the i)eople ol the Colne Valh'y 
well IS aware of their inveterate habit of affixing to almost every man 
and to nearly every woman, and to most places, some epithet 
suggested l.v some devialu.u from what was regarded as uciiiKil. ! 
know mysell ,i m.m who is eomiiu.iily calleil " I'udsey," another win. 
answers to "Yank," another to "\oiky," and the list might be 
(prolonged almost indefmitely. It would seem to a visitor to the 
C(jlne Valley as though the natives delight m calling a man by any 
ii.ime but his rightful one, and men, and women too, are often 
well known by those (li^ttotuiini to many people who would be 
puzzled to state their rightful names. So I think it may be 
taken as at least highly likelv that the common belief that refers 



(30) 



„!• "1 



J I 1 1 : 1 .': i 



^ ■1;, / :..!.: J 



llic (lesiL,Miation lo a Frciicli connection is, as common beliefs often 
are, i^iounded on st)me known fact llie memory of winch lias heen 
hancled down from lather to son. 

It is Imt rit,dit, however, to say that Mr. Alfred J. Howcroft, the 
gifted anthor of the "" History of the Chapelry and Church of 
Saddleworth," * makes a suggestion that is entitled to the 
consideration that an\' [)oint raised hy so well-versed a writer may 
justly claim, Mr. Howcroft quotes from the Lay Subsidies 25 
Edw. I. I I '"7| : ■' Gilbertus de Fraunsays habet i] boves, precium 
cujus libet VS. " — Gilbert of Fraunsays has two oxen, price ol 
each 5 - ; and comments, " Fraunsays, if brenches, would throw 
overboard any known or supposed Huguenot settlement there 
m later times." Hiere is much value in an " il "; and Mr. 
Howcroft, like any other antiquarian ol repute, desirous above all 
things to be accurate, does not aflirm that the " Fraunsays " of the 
year 1297 is the same place as the " French s ' of later days. 

There are many i)eople in the Colne Valley called " France," 
or, in the vernacular, " Fraunce," but I have never known " France" 
or " Fraunce " to be converted into " French." It is much more 
likely that the " Fraunsays " of the Lay Subsidy of Edward I. 
stood for " Francois " or " Francis," and that the owner of the 
two oxen was Gilbert, son of brancois or Irancis, for it is needless 
lo stale that in the days of the Edwards, I'reiich |)ersonal, as 
dislinguislud from |)lace, names, wtie common m the land the 
Normans had coiKjuered. I say pcrsonul as distinguished 
from p/acc names advisedly. If the reader cares to peruse the 
Subsidy Rolls of I he l^dwards and of later English monarchs, 
he will hnd that the /)/(/tc names added lo the names of the lax- 
payers are Saxon or DiUiish or even Celtic m their origin. If 
one come across an addition alter the ilc which is not redolent of 

' HirM £r Reiinie, Oldham, I'll 5. 

(31) 



..'. .! i ■; , I.J lU.i.'l J, i jitC^ 



tlic soil and in our island tongue, it is safe to conclude the reference 
is not to tin: lioldinL; of the jnison taxed, hut to his paternity. 
I have lalioured this point perhaj^s unduly, hut courtesy requires 
that I should state why, with great deference, I venture to think 
that the " Fraunsays " of the year 1297 had nothing at all to do 
with the " French Miln " of the Parish Register of the years 1725 
or the " French's " of the Register of the year 1738. 

As I have said on a previous page, the Hearth Tax Returns 
suggest that the Saddleworth Mallalieus of that day and generation 
were by no means opulent. A man whose house contains only 
one fireplace is not usually in affluent circumstances. I conclude 
that whatever the men who sought asylum and security in the 
midst of the Greenheld Hills may have been in their own country, 
tlu'V h.id to begin life anew in the country of their adoption. 
Possibly like our Inst p.ireiits alter the expulsion from Ldeii 
" Some natural tears they shed. 
But dried them soon. The world was all before them." 
1 hey brought probably little or no wealth in money ; but 
the history of industrial England teems with evidence that the 
Huguenot refugees brought with them something more precious 
than silver or gold — they brought character. A man does not 
embrace maityrdom lor conscience sake unless In- be Ciist in 
heroic mould. Henry IV., Henry ol Navarre, the champion 
ol Protestantism in f-Vance in the conllict between the Roman 
( lui!( h and the unc|iieiK:hal)le spirit ol civil and religious freedom, 
llcmy the leader, the Protagonist of the I'aith, could bring himself 
to say l\iris vnitl hicii uiie lucsse — to gain Pans and the throne of 
i'rance why not conform and attend the Mass? " After all," he 
may have said in his heart, with the cynic of old, " all religions 
are equally false and all are equally useful." Hut the poor peasants 



(32) 



I i -)U n Or. ic\i 

■ ■■:■ >i\ .(I ., loj/ rif 

.'...'( i-lilit J; 5113 ['It'/ .-. Iv if.i? tJ/JoH« I ImIj 

I !....;■" . ,'i i, ■ ::•■' .:■..„• i ■ ^.IJ Ht,-/ 

• .' I ./,■... .J. i--.. 1 •' ' ' ,' '■ <:\ M i ' ..'. \o 
ill n j(li ;:.■■] ?rtcivj-q r no h',;f ■> •' 1 -A 



!.,. ■', ( 



II v' ''■ -tntii 



and artisans of the Vaux were made of sterner stuff. 1 hey 
heheved what they said they heheved, and they were prepared 
to give something more than hp service to the laith which was 
dearer to them than country, dearer than wealth, dearer than hudily 
ease and comfort, dearer than lile itself. 1 repeat these llugueiiot 
refugees hroughl to the land that had the (leei)-seated wisdom that 
lus ,n all nol.h- acts, ih.^ wisdom to hail.oin an.l pr<.le.t au.l 
encourage thesi- hapless exiles, something more precious than 
ruhies : they hrought constancy, industry, trugcd ways, the \vill 
to work, the skill to tarn and the sense to keep. Gradually we see 
llu' settlers in the ancii-nt parish ihal lies m ihe shadow of the 
v.iieral.le |)ile of St. Chad's making good iheir foollu.ld m the land 
they had made their lu)iue. They ap|)ear t(j have hecoine attached 
to the Anglican Church m Saddleworth. To them the Reformed 
Church of England, freed as the I^elormation under Henry Vlil., 
Edward VI. and Elizabeth had freed it, trom the worst vices and 
superstitions of I^ome, though to some of us of these later times 
she may seem to have been dangerously near to the bondage she had 
shaken off, to them, I say, the Anglican Church, even of those 
days, would seem as an oasis in the desert seems to him who 
perisheth under the torrid rays of the Equator's sun and thirsteth 
for the water of life. They became, then, communicants of the 
Church as by law established. That Church, with all the faults 
and all the shortcomings that some impute to it, has generally 
displayed a tolerably tolerant attitude to those wUo are not too 
acrimonious in their dissent. 1 bus Canon Hulbeit m [>.:> 
" Annals of the Church m Slaithwaile," * records of the Moravian 
Brethren in Linlhvvaile, which is but wh.it wi' may style a Sabbath 
Day's journey trom Saddleworth: "James and I homas Sykes 

• London; Longman &- Co. . 1864. 

(33) 



I., r.'i •.'■.. i: 



\N ■>.\\ .,(,■. il I. 






\n.?. n. !' iu;: ) f.M,!l-;;A -,11] . ■:; 



f. • . • •■■ fl..' •■■■ll • ,), 



of Linlhwaite Hall, with Samuel Cotton, were members of the 
Moravian Church, but attended at Slaithwaite (Church) exce[)t 
when they walked over to I'ulncck to the services lUul conunumoii 
of the United Brethren. . . 1 he Moravians caine over once a 
month and held a service in the Old Hall, so long as any of the 
IdtniK- remained there, which was until the death of Mr. Thomas 
Svkes and h.s widow, about 1847. Mr. Robert Sykes, their son. 
also a Moravian, has recently deceased. In their Liter years, 
when these venerable persons were unable to go to bulueck, they 
gladly communicated at Slaithwaite Church, and be m the Old 
Burial Ground." 

It is beyond cjuestion that many members of the Mallalieu 
family, some of them incontestably sprung Irom the Saddleworth 
branch, have been and are eminent in the Moravian Church. 1 he 
tenets and ritual of the Moravian Brethren, who in 1467 broke away 
Irom the Western Church, elected ministers of their own, who 
accejJled the Bible as their only standard of faith, rejected the 
authority of the Bishop of Rome, and taught that " to know God, 
to love Him, to do His Commandments, and to submit to His 
will, was the sum of religion, must have appealed very strongly 
to all tile 1 lugueiiot refugees. 

h is certain also that members of thai hunilv have .iltamed to 
eminence and distinction m that Church. 

Of some of these short notices will be found in the Appendix ; 
but I trust the following co[)y of Letters of Ordination in the 
Moravian Church will be of interest to the reader. The Thomas 
Mallalieu mentioned m tin- document was a near connexion of 
Mrs. I 1. S. Nelson, of Ockbrook, whom 1 have already had grateful 
occasion to mention m these jjages. 



(>4) 



„• ,; >l ill. -I I : v.^ hM;li., y :-• , - I.- 



i''t > •M'--,- !;■ ■f'^' i. ! ii/ijirii'Mi!no'i vibrJj} 

.*!( /I. 'A I !tl: fio.J£j'({> ;jr!./;-j i c ji 
(HUM vH'', 1;- s .sf'j'li t'lyi^ 'o -1 r:o. ,''h'T!i,l 
r.'bi' ..-lor'-. ,.! 

I: ' ' ■ >,■ -fi:,; 



,,,.., 1 1 . ! . ;', 



1910C14 



(Copy). 
IN THF. NAME of our l.o.d and Saviour Jesus Christ, the ur^at 
Shepherd and l^ishop of all souls, Who is, over all, Cod l.lessed 
for ever, Amen. WllKRKAS from the very times t)l the Ajjostles 
there were Bishojjs, Presbyters and Deacons ordained to teed 
the Church of Cod which He has jjurchased with His own blood. 
.And W'HERF.AS this salutary institution has been ever sacredly 
observed in the l\otestant Church of the Brethren from its first 
foundation to its present time, THESE ARE TO WITNESS that 
our dear Brother, THOMAS MALLALIEU. being called to the 
service of the Brethren's Church on the llli day of March of this 
current year, m the j^resence of the Brethren s congregation at this 
place, HATH, according to the direction of the Rejiresentatives 
of the Synod, l^een ordained by me, the subscribed, with 
imposition of hands and prayer, m the Name of the I'atlur and ol 
the Son and of the Holv Ghost, a DEACON of the I'.oteslant 
Church of the Brethren and duly aulhori/ed to do all such acts 
as a Deacon of our Church is qualihed to do and perform. May 
the Lord Himself fit out this our Brother in a powerful manner 
with His Grace and the gifts ol the Holy Ghost requisite for his 
ofiice, that his work in the vineyard ol our Lord may be attended 
with blessing. Amen. 
IN Wri'NESS of the said Ordination I have signed those present 

1 estimomals with my own hand and sealed the same with the 
Seal of our Church. 

.,. , , .,, SAMtlEL H. Trangold Bf.nadk, 

Fulneck, Ejjisc. Iratiiim. 

The 5lh day of March, 1809. lL.S.| 

It is not, as will be seen by the lable of Descent which 
accompanies this work, diflicult to trace the connexion ol the 



(35) 






IJ .1. ....'.;. I bin: w-nr^H I <;: m n^Oq.;;, 

jjT '/•■■- ■ • •• J' •' .^' ' .-,1 . - ,':,f> 



sr-j ii-v -'. 



ir.'/ b!r <•' rii-j (' 



l^cvcrmd I hoinas Mallalieu and of the various other persons 
of whom some mention will he found m the Appendix conneeted 
with the Moravian Church, with tliose Mallalieus whose names 
I have previously cited from the Register of St. Chad's in Saddle- 
\sorth : and it is, therefore, no enforced conjecture that some of 
the earlier settlers of that name in that parish or their issue, 
were wont to worship, when opjiortumty offered, with the 
Moravian Brethren meetini.' in the Linthwaite Old Hall. One 
loves to dwell ujion the mental picture of these stout old 
Huguenots, with the good housewife and Bonnie bairns, 
trudging over Stanedge moor by the old coach road or the 
older pack-horse track from Delph or Greenfield to the historic 
Hall at Linthwaite. They may have had for companions the 
descendants of Dutch Refugees from the Spanish persecutions 
m the Low Coimtries, if Mr. Howcroft is right in surmising that 
i'ne/land m SaddleW(.)rlh owes its name to a Dutch province 
when, e persecul.'d Prol.slaiils had lied as the llugu.nots had lied 
liom [• ranee.* Hut savi' lur what a lt)o zealous vicar or curate 
might deem lai)ses from grace the Saddlcworlh Mallalieus of the 
earlier days were evidently moderately faithful to St. Chad's. At 
lis font their children were received into the bosom of the Church ; 
al lis all.ir they made their maiiiage vows ; in its "Ciod's acre " ihey 
louiid icsl alter this (ilful fever we call life. Ther.^ were, however, 
at times, occasions for admonition, for in Mr. Howcrotts' admirable 
monograjjli, |)reviously quoted, we find : " John Mallalew de . . . ' 
among the ' I^xcommunicat p sons m Nc^dham Court. Perha|:)s 
like Robert Shaw of Saddleworth, who also fell under censure, 
api^aicnlly at the same visitation ol the Archdeacon, " John 
Mall.ihw (le ..." was " a coiilmuall WH)rker all Seivu'e lyme. 

' Chapclry and Church of Saddlcworlli, p. 153. (sub lillc Topoiioniyl. 



(36) 



^ ,..nn,„; ..,.vv 1.]. 

, . :i ; fr/HiA^ 'nil (!rrv 
,j !;:• 'Uum;v .(.,| '1,1 • 






'!<-' /'••));;' 'h'""'! •;■*>, :^'-j'-.' I'li;'// ;-'iJi ■r^.ii'tj^.j 

V; ,v/ ,'.-,] hi-M ^-it ,,,;„ *.■-. ini.iu! 



|..'iri 



■ f fir, M. i!'>';;Vj lO .- tilt; lf> 

•";• •■ .; 'X.-; il I ..■noii'ld 



!■- -'o^.: ) !..,, .,!y.;6.'| 



Anyhow, lie could not very well he excoiiimunicatetl unh'ss he was 
in communion with the Church. But a M.illalieu of lalir dale 
made amends, h.r m the year I 72(), " John Mallalue. Whukins," 
was one of the two churchwardens ; and, hy a very curious 
coincidence, his colhai^'ue was one l^cjhert Sliaw, the names (>{ 
Mallalue and Shaw which in Nedham Court were covered with 
ohioquy hy the Church hemg, a century later, conjoined in one of 
the most important offices of the Church. In 1778 again, " Henry 
Mallalue " Is warden " for Leeses " ; hut after that, to the present 
time, that honourahle ofhce has not, ajiparently, heen held at 
St. Chad's by any member of the family. 

I attach some importance to these appointments as indicative 
of the gradual absorption of the whilolm strangers into our social 
and parochial life. In former times, when Local Boards and 
District Councils were unknown, the Vestry, which, I need 
scarcely say, elected the People's Wardens, discharged much the 
same functions as our District and I own Councils do now, 
and a warden was, by virtue of his office, a man of considerable power 
and authority m local administration. In 1853 the lust Board of 
Guardians was elected, and Samuel Mallalieu, of Bank lOi), 
Marchant [sic.\ was certified as one of the members ; whilst in 
1900 Mr. F. W. Mallalieu, J. P., now the Member of Parliament 
for the Colne Valley Division, was Chairman of the hrst Urban 
District Council of Saddleworth, and from 1894 to 1908 was 
also a member of the Board of Guardians, sitting for the Deli^h 
Ward. 

If we seek to discover what part, if any, has been played in 
the past by the Saddleworth Mallalieus in the great |:)olilical 
controversies that have vexed the State since the hai)py settlement 
by the Revolution of 1688, we are confronted with the fact that 

(37) 






•.p.. -., ■. 1,.- 



-1 ^itl' T.. , 






history rarely preserves llie names of any hut those who were in 
the forefront of the 1 itanic confhets whose recital still thrills the 
reader of the .iniials of our country. Hut it so chances that the 
names have heeii preserved and i)ul)lished, not only of the can- 
didates, hut also of the voters, in one of the most keenly contested 
elections ever witnessed, even in Yorkshire, since writs were first 
issued lor the return ol knights of the shire to Parliament. I 
refer to the historic election of 1807. The pollinp; for the whole 
county was opened in the Castle Yard at York, on May JHih, md 
was not formally closed till June 5th. The electors, the forty- 
shillinc; freeholders, who did not reside in the cai)ital city, had 
perforce lo walk, ride or drive thither. The Whig voters of a 
locality usually arranged to ride to York in a body. The Tories, 
})e sure, were not to he outdone in these matters. All along the 
route open house was kept hy known puhlicans — ^the Royal 
George, say, was hlue ; the Pig and Whistle was yellow. Long 
ht'lorcr York was reached many a good voter sate his steed with 
dilliculty. Then, of course, there were free fights between the 
opposing factions, and, to mend matters, the great body of 
unenfranchised lined the highway and greeted the men bent on their 
high duty to the State with cheers, groans, flowers or rotten eggs 
as their political leanings prompted. Woeful was the plight 
ill which the wayworn politic.il |)ilgrims reached the Castle Yard 
,ind worse their case e'er, their votes cast, many toasts quaffed — 
in fine, their duty done — they won home to distant thorpe or 
hamlet, where an anxious spouse awaited their return. v ^ 

It was the Grst contested election for the county for sixty-six 
yeais. Probably not one voter had ever given a Parliamentary 
vole before. I'he occasion had all|the zest of noveltv. The 
ct)iitest had a more serious claim to the interest it excited. It 



(3.S) 



.'..ImI. 



>Jl '■ . ', U1..I? ,. . ' /fT. II;. ■j,ui.,' ji,!i if.rl 



was a haltle a /' oiilruncc for the political (loiiiiiiance of the county, 
a figlit to the de.ith hetwt'cii the iiohle houses of Fitzwilliain 
[Whig] and Harewood [lory]. 1 he Whig candidate was 
Viscount Milton, the lOiy, the Hon. Henry Lascelles. But 
there was another c.uididate whose name will live when those of 
the other suitors for Yorkshire's hand and heart survive only on 
inarhle monuments or in musty records — William Wilberforce, 
the advocate of the abolition of slavery. As the descendant of 
Whig forbears it is with regret I am compelled to own the Whig 
leaders did their best to cold-shoulder Wilberforce. liut the 
great heart of the county rose superior to old piuiy shibboleths, 
and Wilberforce headed the poll. 

Wilberforce . 

Milton . . 



I he hgures were 
1 1 .806 
11.177 
10,989 



l^ascelles 

Fawkes 

[a candidate pour rire] 2 
Eight thousand eight hundred and eighty voters split their 
votes between Wilberforce and Lascelles, and that put Wilberforce 
in, though it left Lascelles in the cold. 

It is interesting to note how the people of Colne Valley and the 
adjacent parish of Saddleworth voted in the greatest and most 
costly — It was computed the election cost Lord Milton and Mr 
Lascelles more than a quarter of a million pounds — of recorded 
political contests. Colker |Clolcar] went nearly solid for Lord 
Milton, Lasc.-lh's srcuring but 14 votes, Wilberforce but II. 
Milton 39; Loiigwood gave Millon 14 vol.s. Lascelles but 1, 
Wilberforce 4; Linthwaite, Millon 7 votes, Lascelles 5. 
Wilberforce 6. I rejoice to record that Samuel Sykes, of 
Linthwaite Hall, plumped for Wilberforce — the only Linthwaite 



(39) 



iv: V 



;i .Its' i •;• >r\\\ v._ i 



votcf wlu) did, llu)u<^h tlir eluimjiion ol the slavrs secured also 3 
split votes in L.mtliwaite. Itoiii Slau^diw.iite > SlaitliwaiteJ only 
three voters rode to York — the curate ol the church heing one. 
The three voted the Tory " ticket " — Lascelles and Wilherforce, 
as might be expected from the village which at that time was in the 
I)ocket of the Earl of Dartmouth. Marsden, too, went Tory 
[Lascelles and Wilbcrforce], Lord Milton geltmg only one vote. 
On the Saddleworth side ol Stanedge the Fit/william inlluence 
ag.iin asserted itself: out ol 04 voters, 5) |)hiinprd for Millon, 
11 split their voles between Lascelles and W.lberlorce. Of 
these 11 " George Malalieu " was one — that " George Mailable, " 
I ojiine, who was baptised at St. Chad's m 1756, and who, had he 
lived long enough, could have cast his vote almost at his own 
doorsteps and hel[)ed to return to Parliament his own great- 
grand nephew, the jiresent member for Colne Valley. 

But between the election of 1(S07 and the year that witnessed 
the return of Mr. F. W. Mallalieu to Parliament the whole political 
system ol this country underwent changes that in their sum 
amounted to a constitutional revolution. In I8(J7 the whole of 
the county of York returned but two knights of the shire to 
Westminster; m 1826 the rei)resentation had been increased 
to four members, and ol llie four members reimiied in ih.it year 
Vis(()unl Milton headed the poll, having, for one of his colleagues, 
Mr. John Marshall, a Leeds nurchant, one of many portents that 
the exclusive sway ol the great land-owners was passing, and 
passing b.youd r.call. Uiul.r the great Reb.rm Act of \\\\l 
the West Riding became, for parliamenlary electoral pm|)oscs, 
a separ.il<> counlv, with two members; m IH6I ih,' West Riding 
its.-ll was split into two i:ie,t..ral Divisions, an<l in I H85 the Colne 
V.illey Dicision ol the West Riding was constituted under an 



(40) 



,/!]--,!>'/ C.I Jjo^ -i-iiio-- 9)1(1! 



I ;!/i 



-! I ■■■i> 



.,..! /•.;*;. 



enlarged franchise. In 1907 that Division gave to the social and 
political student much to ponder on hy the return of Mr. Albert 
Victor Grayson, a Socialist, " naked and unashamed," or [lerhaps, 
to avoid any sus|iicion of an offensive meanmg, it were lietter to say 
a Socialist who <hd not seek to cloak his Socialism hy any of the 
adjectival subtleties hy which some seek to disarm opposition. 
In the year 1910 Mr. Chas. Leach, a Liberal, wrested the seat from 
Mr. Grayson, and on Mr. Leach's retirement, in 19|6, Mr. F. W. 
Mallalieu was returned unopposed. But everyone knew that the 
party that had returned Mr. Grayson only bided its time and 
husbanded its resources. In December, 1918, the Prime Minister, 
Mr. Lloyd George, appealed to the county for a renewal of the 
confidence the nation had reposed in him throughout the anxious 
years of the Great War. The people of the Empire were war- 
worn and weary, and the Labour Party in the Colne Valley Division 
thought the hour had come when they might hope to recover the 
coveted seat lost by Mr. Grayson. The candidates for the con- 
stituency, which T)r the hrst time saw women among the electors, 
w,.' Mr. l-. W. Mallalieu (Coalition) aiul Mr. Wilfred Whiteley,-. 
Socialist. Mr. Mallaheu was relumed by an overwhelming 
majority. 

As I have said, Mr. Mallalieu is the great grand-nenhew 
of that George Malalue who rode to York in 1807 to vote for the 
champion of the slave. The Table of Descent, which accomp- 
anies this little work, has been compiled from such sources of 
information as are accessible, but though it is probably correct I 
do not vouch it to be so, for the earlier records of St. Chad's still 
extant leave scmiething to be desired. I should preler to say that 
until we reach the time of the " Old George Mallalieu," who 



(41) 



J :.'U'VI :,: V .iIj ,;! 



fl il )•?"! - '/• IJ. :•• ■; jK 



was buried in 1734, the Table must be taken to be of a more 
or less speculative character. 

Joseph Mallalieu, the grandfather of Mr. F. W. Mallalieu, 
and the great great-grandson of " Old George Mallalew, of 
Wharton Brow," must have been a happy man, if the Psalmist 
errs not in asserting that children are " as arrows in the hand of a 
mighty man " and " happy is the man that hath his quiver full 
of them. " He was twice married and has left it on record in the 
Family Bible, in an entry made by him on Feb. I6lh, 1869, in the 
eighty-second year of his age, that he had been the father of 
nineteen children of whom he had " lived to see fifteen brought 
up " and " fourteen married," whilst there was still one " un- 
married in his 29th year." Of this numerous progeny David, 
born in 1830, and Henry, born in 1831, were respectively the 
eleventh and twelfth of the children of Joseph Mallalieu : and 
of them more anon. 

Let us pause for a moment to dwell upon the life that must 
have been led by Joseph and his wives and children. The husband 
and father was born in 1787, two years before the French 
Revolution. England was engaged throughout the greater part 
of his youth and early manhood in the long struggle with 
Napoleon Buonaparte. Throughout the whole of that time food 
was terribly hard lo come by among the working-classes. 1 he 
farmers were better off. They sold their corn and young stock 
at inflated prices and reaped a golden harvest out of the war. 
But the people of this district, the hardy " clothiers," living always 
on the border-line of poverty and compelled to incessant toil and 
self-denial, endured for years, with what fortitude they might, 
constant deprivation of what we now regard as the common 
necessaries of our daily life. There was no Food Controller, no 



(42) 



<.(»•;<» t^ 



: f.j.w ^r! ;!! Jill lo 



,^--':H A.."\ 



K ti ,y n H hir ,0'HI m .nod 



•v/ j'j.:;:,: I. 



.-..'1 .Utv.i 



ii ; !i'. 



v; ^'v;';!/. 



■ ■..'•■ ; '1,1 >\'.i[~\ji\u,.' .|1t ,■■:, 




JOSEF^H MALLALIEU. 



rationing in what the laudalor tcniporis acli, the man who is ever 
decrying his own lot and the times in which it is cast, is wont to 
call " the good old days when George the third was king." The 
rich and well-to-do took care that they and their households wanted 
not : the poor must shill for theiriselves. Wheaten Hour was 
retailed at Hs. to ^^s. pei stone ; oatmeal, which was the staple 
food of the working-class, was proportionately dear, and 
butcher's me.it was a luxury undreamed ol in the humhle d\vellings 
of the hand-loom weavers, save on occasional Sundays and on high- 
days and holidays. Even after Waterloo tea was 8s. per Ih., coffee 
3s. 6d., salt 3s. 4d.. soap Is. and candles 'M.— it was not till 1822 
that coal-gas came into general use as an illummant even m towns. 
There were no railways, no tramcars : you stayed at home or went on 
foot, '['here were no theatres, no picture-palaces, and no money 
for them if such delights had existed. Work was scarce, for in the 
home market only could be found a sale for the produce of the loom. 
If a weaver took in " country work," or in other words worked for 
a man who jobbed out his pieces to be woven in their own cottages 
by his scarce more humble neighbours, wages were low. How 
body and soul were kept together in those days is a constant 
marvel, till one reflects how little of what we degenerate descendants 
of those hardy, thrifty craftsirien consume in meat and drink is really 
necessary for the sustenance of the body in rude and healthy vigour 
and how much, though tickling to the palate and grateful to the 
senses, is not only waste, but harmful waste. There were, I need 
scarcely say, no Council Schools, no compulsory education. 1 here 
was the village dominie, the Sir Oracle of the little hamlet, for those 
whose parents could spare a few weekly pence. lOelph possessed, 
in the early decade of the last century, a schoolmaster who was 
regarded as a very prodigy of learning, Joe o' th' Ragstones, and to 



(43) 






>n ■' 1 ii:jijri 



Joe a little, to self-culture much, some of Joseph Mallaheu's long 
family owed then" education. 

And now is it not good to ponder on the character of the 
father and mothers who in such times as those and under such 
conditions reared such a family as that vouchsafed, ui the 
mysterious dispensation of Providence, to Joseph Mallalieu and his 
help-mates. You may he sure there was toil from early morn 
to long past the dewy eve ; there was privation cheerfully home 
and a well-spring of sustaining hope, the straining forward to the 
hetter instead of the futile lament and sullen discontent which lead 
a man to the ahandonmenl of effort. And I do not ihmk the lives 
of Jose|)h Mallalieu and his family were all cloud : there was 
sunshine in its season, he sure. Look upon the lineaments of 
Joseph Mallalieu and his second wife as they are limned for us 
in the portraits that add a oerhaps needed touch of interest to these 
pages. Those are not the faces of a miserable man and a care- 
worn woman. There are cheery good nature and a quiet dignity 
discernible there if 1 can read faces at all ; those are not likenesses 
of beings soured by the envy, hatred, malice and all uncharitable- 
ness which seem to be the creed and doctrine of too many of the 
self-constituted guides and philosophers — friends I will not call 
them — of the working-classes of to-day. Foohsh people talk of 
the blue blood that runs in their veins, but I think any sane 
and healthy-minded man would, had he his choice, elect for an 
ancestor such another as Joseph Mallalieu in preference to one 
of the titled freebooters whose names figure in so many vaunted 
lineages of the highly placed and nobly born. 

David Mallalieu and Henry Mallalieu, sons of Joseph Mallalieu, 
by his second wife, were born, as 1 have said, resjjectively m 1830 
and 1831 — before the great Reform Act that gave a stinted measure 



(44) 



IIISTOHICA.I, 
HOt'lKXr 



,1 ,, i . ;, ,,., ,1,, .,,.1 



i/ .r.oM 



■>'rf.d . '•( ■ ^1 ■ ^: 



>!0'J!' .-"H-! 'it.- ■- .P •., .'3.-. ' Ji n ■i'MrllJ- 






;y i-ti-vi^-uoj-fl 






t>i 



f'.c' /(iOf .'.■"if- 'iS.'jrit Xii'jtrl ;■■;} '» <-4B- 'ul 
. 1 ?./ .fro 5:m,v Ii- \>uy)i nA /<i 



of political frerdom to the people, and heforc the Repeal of the Corn 
Laws that ensured for the masses that priceless hoon, the untaxed 
quartern wheaten loaf. Their tender years knew the miseries of 
" the black 'forties "—a tale so oft, so movingly told by writers 
whose art I can admire without hoping to emulate that it needs 
not to repeat the story here. They were passed, too, before the 
efforts of Richard Oastler had borne fruit ; but as both were hand- 
loom weavers they escaped the horrors of the Factory System. The 
paternal home was then at Delph Barn ; there was a removal to 
Delph Lane, and a later one to Delph Greaves, to cottages with 
scant accommodation for so large a family and the indispensable 
hand-loom. Had I the pen of a poet I would surely indite an ode 
to the clacking hand-loom with its beam, its healds and slays, its 
wobbling shuttle and its creaking treadle. " The world mine 
oyster is, and with my sword I'll open it." boasts the swash- 
buckler. The ramshackle old loom has opened the oyster for many 
a family in the Colne Valley, and a shuttle passant should be 
emblazoned on their shields ; and who but a fool or a snob would 
blush to see it there. All honour to him who " seeks the bubble, 
reputation, e'en at the cannon's mouth " ; but are not the homely 
virtues of industry, endurance, self-denial and thrift as goodly 
assets to man and the State as the spirit that leads a forlorn hope 
or rides the whirlwind and directs the storm of the stricken held? 

The life-story of Henry Mallalieu has been told in part by 
those who knew him better than did the present writer ; though 1 
am not without pleasant and stirring memories of his impressive 
personality. 1 draw largely, therefore, upon an obituary notice 
that appeared in The Oldham Chronicle of July 5th, 1902—" At the 
age of twelve he found it necessary to work for his daily bread, 
and followed the avocation of hand-loom weaver, which, indeed. 



(41) 



;v..,,i I. 



■/-A 



3- -i.'U^i'ihi i'. 1 -'^Di'.'l 



■Mi'iA 



111-'.. ' I ,' 






b -ift'^'ltfr, ibfil 



I- ■ r 



('W 



was the general occupation of the wage-earner .... When quite a 
young men Mr. Mallaheu took a great and intelhgent interest 
in the puhhc affairs of the parish. He and others joined in a move- 
ment which resulted in the formation of a Mechanics' Institution 
in 1855. The public meeting-room was in a small place in Back 
Millgate, but this led to the establishment of the present handsome 
premises. " 

Let me interpose a word or two before resuming the extracts 
from the journalist's narrative, it has fallen to my lot to enquire 
into the formation of many Mechanic's Institutes in various parts 
of this district, and I have found, almost without exception, that the 
young men who took an active and earnest part in the inception 
of those academies have, in later life, not only been successful in 
their own business undei takings, but also zealous and honoured 
workers for the social and civil betterment of the districts in which 
they resided. There seem to be two markedly contrasted types 
of youth : one lad appears to have resolved that for him life shall 
be, so far as he can make it so, all " beer and skittles " ; another, 
whilst not averse to skittles nor to a modest glass of ale on occasion, 
feels that he has it in him to rise ai)ove the station in which he was 
bom. That lad, instead of silting do\vn and waiting lor plums 
[o fall into his mouth, sets to work to climb the tree on which hangs 
the luscious fruit, and wastes not the golden hours listening to 
frothy malcontents gird at the inequalities of Nature and the 
iniquities of the social order, calling on the gods and on 
Parliament to transform a wilderness into a garden of delight for 
his special behoof and pleasure. Rather doth he quietly dofT his 
coat and set to work to do his utmost to make the world better 
than he found it, better for himself and his family, and, better too, 



(46) 






;-7ii "■jf i 







MRS. JOSEPH MALLALIEU. 



'% 



for his fellow men and women. Such an one reflects sac;ely that 
God helps those who help theinselves. 

But to resume the quotation from the Oldham Chronicle : 
" About the year 1852 the deceased began what has proved to be 
a most successful business career. He was thrown much mto the 
company of young men who, like hmiself, weie anxious to make 
their way in life, and formed a partnership with his brother David, 
Mr. James Andrew, Mr. f-^dwin Mellor, and Mr. Win. Henry 
Shaw. They naturally began with woollen manufacturing. Their 
capital was small and their business operations limited, but deter- 
mination counts for much in commercial life, and of this there was 
no lack. After working together for a time there was a dissolution 
of partnership. The division was effected in a friendly spirit, 
and each of the three last named started on his own account. 
David and Henry remained united and so laid the foundation 
of the firm of ' D. & H. Mallalieu,' which still flourishes. The 
business prosi)ered apace. From the one small building at Bailey 
New Delph, it was soon necessary to erect a new weaving-shed, 
this being put up in 1863. Two years later the first portion of the 
present Bailey Mill was erected on what has proved to be the best 
site in Saddlcworth." ' • ' 

The writer in the Oldham Chronicle proceeds to narrate how the 
two brothers engaged in other commercial cntorpiises — the Moss 
Bay Iron and Steel Company, the Workington Iron Company, 
the Stanley Spinning Company, the firm of Mallalieu and Wrigley. 
Carr Hill Mill, the Milton Spinning Company, the Palatine Banking 
Company, etc. Ihe energies of Mr. Henry Mallalieu did not 
exhaust themselves in the building uj) of his own lortuiie. He was 
an ardent politician, not of the old-fashioned, jog-trol, " safe " 
variety, but of that wilder sort at whom party leaders are apt to 



(47) 



shake their heads, hut who, none the less, have been to the official 
party of political antl social reform what Loyola was to the Roman 
what Wesley would have been to the Anglican Church, if the 
Established Church in F.ngland had been wise in time. I have a 
vivid and gratcliil recollection ot an occasion when 1, a very young 
and, doubtless, a jiassably foolish man, advocated radical reforms 
in our land laws, that only now, after the lapse of some forty years, 
are being adopted into the programme of practical iiolitics. The 
chairman of the meeting was Mr. Henry Mallalieu, \\'ho was 
certainly not a whit alarmed at the opinions the lecturer avowed ; 
and I have treasured through the years the memory of Mr. 
Mallalieu's kindly words of approval and encouragement. But, 
indeed, the chairman of that meeting was not the one to mind 
overmuch the gloomy forebodings of the self-interested and the 
timorous. He formed his own views, not hastily, but with due 
thought and judgment : and to tht-m he adhered through good or 
ill rcpiilc. Of ihis trait \n- gave iiolabK' revelalioii in the conllici 
that plimgi'd .America into iivil war. He warmly espoused the 
cause of the North, though, as it is unnecessary, perhaps, to remind 
the reader, Lancashire and its cotton industry were sorely tried 
by that internecine conllict. l^ut Henry Mallalieu faltered not 
one jot in his faith in the ultimate triumph of the Eternal Right. He 
wralhered ihe storm and m due season reaped his reward. He 
was placed on the Commission of the Peace for the Ruling, and 
lor many years prior to his death held many offices of eminence 
and responsibility in the Liberal organisation, and was often 
pressed to offer himself as a candidate for the highest elective 
political position a citizen can asjjire to. But to represent in 
Parliamcnl his native Valley was an honour reserved for his son. 

By religious profession he was a Christian attached to the 

(48) 






)I' 1 \ ■^ u ". li '> -f I b<M 







V ■ 



/i 



S -»'/"' / S^-'^k' '^ f 



HENRY MALLALIEU. 



». £^. .» 



Wesleyan Church, and occupied the highest posts in the 
Connexion oj^en to a laymen. But, as m pohtics he chsplayed no 
party or personal acrimony, so in his rehgion he exhibited no 
sectarian narrowness or bitterness. 

I have dweh at some length on the character and career of 
Henry Mallalieu of set purpose. I trust that this little book may 
be scanned by many youths of the Colne Valley and the hills and 
vales that adjoin the Valley, nay by some, perchance, who dwell 
beyond those bounds, and for those youths that character and 
that career have a lesson so largely writ that he who runs may read ; 
and if but one read it to his well-being and well-doing, Henry 
Mallalieu would have asked no greater guerdon. 

Of him to whom I have been permitted to dedicate this little 
work it may be said, at least, that he is the worthy son of a worthy 
sire. As an employer he gained the respect and goodwill of 
his operatives ; and to say that is to say much in days when so 
much is being spoken and written to embitter the relations between 
labour and capital. Like the father whose example he seeks to 
emulate he has given freely of his best endeavours to the services 
of the Stale. Quite early in life he was, as we have seen, a member 
of the Saddleworth Urban District Council. Riper years saw hiin 
an alderman of the West Riding County Council, and by that 
body he was chosen, In the year 1912, to succeed Sir John Horsfall 
as " Chancellor of the Exchequer " of the Riding. A very little 
knowledge of the niultifarious uiulcrtakmgs that have been eiurusted 
to the County Couiuil will siillicc' lo show how great is the 
responsibility that rests iiiH)n the member who has, each year of his 
office, lo present his Budget for the criticism, adoption or rejection 
of colleagues in no whil inferior in intelligence and in experience 



(49) 



'1 '(11 /,,! ,. >.' I ■'■■!.■ fl"! .'.-Wll'' ■ > 






M33fl ;jVi.fl 



• M '•.■'' ^ I'f;' '.<■ :.■■:,. :: . 



of public affairs to the members of either of the august Houses 
that sit at Westminster. 

Of Mr. F. W. Mallalicu's election to the lower of those Houses 
I have already spoken. It would outrage all the canons of good 
taste, and would, 1 feel sure, be personally repugnant to Mr. 
Mallalieu himself, did I essay any laboured appreciation of his 
political career in pages primarily concerned with that Huguenot 
association which is above and beside all party politics. That he 
has already gone far in that career needs no asserting ; that he will 
go further those who know hiin best believe with the confidence 
that ability, assiduity and integrity never fail to inspire. 

1 cannot willingly refrain from adding, as the closing words 
of this little monograph, that much as Mr. Mallalieu owes to 
natural gifts, much as he may owe to the circumstances that left 
him free to devote his energies and abilities to a public career, 
he owes still more to the hapi^y fate that gave him as wife a lady 
as mleiisely mlerested as himself in political and social reform. 



(50) 



i .',:>' ■■■■- ''.K' 'i. I.'- uM 

• ■ 'h i .!Vi iO 






!l! k: 



, '1 -it-ih. I ■-^. 










MRS. HEN«Y MALLALIEU. 



APPENDIX. 

THE MALLALIEUSOF THE MORAVIAN CHURCH. 

William Mallalieu, late of Ockbrook in Derbyshire, and in his 
lifetime a prominent minister of the Moravian Church, was born 
on Nov. 22ncl, 1798, in FairfieM, Lanes., his father, Francis 
Mallalieu, beinc; Warden of the Moravian Congregation at that 
place. The baptismal name, brancis, so suggestive ol a breiich 
family connexion, is not, I think, to be lound in the Saddleworth 
Registers as being given to the child of a Mallalieu till the year 
1681. On March 12th of that year, " Francis, fil George Malalue," 
was baptized at St. Chad's, and on the 19th " Sarah, filia George 
Malalue," bVancis and Sarah being probably twins, and their 
father being that " Old George Mallalew of Wharnton Brow," 
who married Mary Scholefield on Feb. 1 0th, 1680, and who was, 
therefore, the common ancestor of the Rev. William Mallalieu, 
born in 1798, and of Frederick William Mallalieu, M.P., born in 
I860. Mary Scholefield was "Old George Mallalew's " second 
wife. He had married, in October, 1678, Mary Royton, and she 
bore him two sons, John and Jonathan, baptized at St. Chad's 
in November, 1679, and March, 1680. 

The children of " ()ld George Mallalieu " were numerous. 
1.1 addition \n Joshua, the ancestor of Mr. l\ W. Mallalieu, there 
were : — 
Probably I John, baptized at St. Chad's, Nov. 30. 1679 

twins (Jonathan. ,, ,, Mar. 21, 1680 

Probably I Ffrancis, „ „ Mar. 12, 1681 

twins I Sarah „ „ Mar. 19, 1681 

John, .. „ Aug. 16, 1684" 

* The firsi-born, John, had died m infancy (see Table of Descent!. 

(51) 









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.5,1 ■ .V. >. '• b ■.'■'.A n:{cJ .n,r < ,- } ,,riT 



1, Benjamin, ,, ,, Sept. 4, 1686 

jane „ „ Sept. 23. 1688 

Mary. „ ,. Mar. 19, U.92 

Prohahlyljolin, „ „ May 26, 1695='= 

I wins (Dorytl.i. ., „ June 30. 1695 

Eleven ciulHien m all. 

Then we come to mention m the St. Chad's Registers of 
grandchildren of " Old George Mallalew of Wharnton Brow." 

John, ffil Ffrancis Mallalew, hapt. Sept. 12. 1702. 

James. Ill Ffrancis Mallalew. hapt. May 1. 1706. 

James had a son, John, baptized at St. Chad's, Dec. 2. 1733. 
This John Mallalew, or Mallalien, died Sept. 26th, 1784, and was 
buried at St. George's Church. Mossley.t " Some years ago, 
as late as 1869," writes Mrs. Harriet S. Nelson, of Hill Side, Ock- 
brook, the niece of the Rev. William Mallalieu, in her very 
interesting MS., " there was a pv\w in Mossley Church with the 
name of Jcjhn M.illalieu on it, and fur many years the i^ev. William 
Mallalieu paid rent for this pew." " John Mallalieu," continues 
Mrs. Nelson, " was, in the early part of his life, very much opposed 
to the Moravian Church, but before his death he became reconciled 
to it and on his death requested his wife to take her abode in 
Fairfield." He had ten children, of whom one, Francis, married 
M.MV r.utl. She bore lo luin ihe son. William MalL.li.n. who 
was born iii 1 798 at bairlu-ld. 

A Memoir of the Rev. William Mallalieu kindly lent to me 
by Mrs. Nelson records that William Mallalieu succeeded his 
father as Warden of the Moravian Church at Fairfield, and at the 

• The second of llic children of "Old Geor^-.c Mallalew of Wharnion 
Riow lo receive iho name ol John had also died in infancy. 

I Sec foot-nole on pav'.e 172 of Vol. I. of Mr. Radchffe's Iranscnpl of ihe 
Saddleworlh Regisier. 

(52) 



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^ll ^^ m;;!iir^ .' -I -h t- ro.M^:/' 



f^-^tj ' ' niivu'olA • 't ./ ii>hi';V/ ;k Tif|}»i 



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\ 



Synod at Herriilnit in 1825 was ordamcd a deacon of the Brethren's 
Church. In 1835 he was apjjointed treasurer and agent of the 
Bretfnen's Mission in London. In 1847-8 he was apijointed L\ 
the Unity LIders' Conference to undertake a visitation to the West 
Indian Missions. In 1857 he was ordained a presbyter of the 
Brethren s Church in Herrnhut and in the same year became a 
member of the Provincial Elders' Conference at Ockbrook, and at 
the time ot his death, m 1871, field the responsible position of 
Secretary ol the Unity in h.ngland. The Memoir adds that 
his character was a singular blending of large and well-exercised 
intellectual powers and the tenderness and simplicity of a child "; 
and a Memorial by Bishop Seifferlh, who had been in official 
intercourse with him for many years, testifies to " the vigour of 
his mind, his penetration, clearness and order ol thought combined 
with a deep sense of duty, calm and steady perseverence in work, 
uniform cheerfulness and self-possession, never failing kindness 
and consitleration for others, and a willing and constant endeavour 
to help them. " 

The Rev. William Mallal.eu had a son, William, who resided 
at Ockbrook, and who was elected a bellow of the Huguenot Society 
of London in March, 1892. 

The Rev. William Mallalieu had aLu „ .laughter, Mary Taitt 
Mallalieu, who married Col. H. Brooke Taylor, of The Close, 
Bakewell, to whom I am indebted f(jr much assistance in tracing 
the various off-shoots of the 1 luguiiiol lefugees, whose settlement 
m the parish of Saddlew.nth is recorded in the text. Col. II. 
Brooke Taylor holds the honour.ible oHice of "Advoc.itus b'ratrum 
in Angl.a " m the Moravian Chm.h, an ollic<> pi.vH.uslv h.hl by 
his lalhei who joined that Church when a young man. 

(53) 



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tl'jlt/ \ 111 
.rl-;) v,,l 



f't] 



Col. Brooke Taylor's third son, Edward, served vvilh distinction 
from the outbreak of the Great War, during the latter part as 
Brigade Major ol the 10th Brigade, with which one of our gallant 
Yorkshire Battalions, the Duke of Wellington's Regiment, was 
brigaded, and Captain Taylor, like all who know the gallant lads 
who Went Irom the West Riding at their country's call, speaks 
highly of their pluck and prowess in arms. 

Col. Brooke Taylor informs me that whilst travelling in France 
some ye.us ago he slaved at an hotel near Auray, m Brittany, and 
the landlord s name was Malla/ieu, still anollur variant of the 
spelling of the lamily name. 



rilE AUTO I'RF.SS. 

li AKKH STUIlET. 

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(54) 



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ov. 30th, 1734. 
3r;;e Mallalew of 
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Chad's Register. 




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1753 



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JOSHUA MAI.LALIEU 
bap. at S.C, Nov. 4, 1766 
ob. at Delpli Greaves 
May 18, 1846, astat. 79 
Sep. at St. Thomas'! 
Church, Frianuere 



LYDIA EMERSON 



S MALLALTEU, 
Enistopal Church, 
.le, Mass., U.S.A., 
911. 

ALIEU, 
E, Mass. 



SALLY SCIIOFIHLD, 

(1. ol .Vmb.'ose Schofieid, 

of C.ibtleshaw. at S.C, 

Jan. J, 17S7, 



REBECCA = JOSEPH MALLALTEU, 



h, iSog 





(Qy. d. of johr, 


n. Sept. 




Whiteliead. oi 


ob. Marc 




Thurstnnes, 






Clothier). 






bap. at S C. 






Jany. 13. 178S. 






married pro- 






bal.'ly in 1S12. 






ob. Apl.3, 182.;. 






(F.B.) 






■HANNAH SHAW, 
b. 1799, ob. Sep. 10, 

1876, 
At Rochdale Pari',h 
Church,June28, 1824 



JAMES, 


SAKAH, 


BETTY, 


at Uelph, 


u. :U Uaiph, 


n. at Delp 


ec. 14. 1819. 


Ja.y.22,,822, 


Mar.28, 1S2 


. .Api. 12, 


ob. Nov., 


ob. Oct., 


.897. 


1896. 


1885. 


See F.B. 


See F.S. 


See F.B. 



^"// 



TTHii^J^kANN^WHITEHEAD, 

^ on Oct. 26, 1058, 
ob. Mar. 18. iSy8. 
.Vetat. 7j. 



lULIA JANE AGNES 



LLL'\M lUvUKY LKOOKl':, 
n. 1897. 



HENRY. 


HESTER, 


JANE, 


MARK, 


n. at Uelph, 


11. at U;.lpb, 


n. Aug. 12, 1836, 


n. July iH, 1838 


Sep. 13,1831. 


Dec. 13, 1S34. 


ob. Dec. 15, iii62. 


ob. Aus. 17. 1872 


ob. June 29, 


ob. Feb. 19, 






1902. 


1906. 







SETH, 

r!. June 20, i.'-'40, 
ob. Dec. 29, 1 90S. 



ELLES, 
p. May 10, 1842 
ob. Sept. 2S, 1895 



AKDMAN, FLLTA IJKRTllA, 

Ol H:ir,!.nan, 11. Nov. :.4, iS6r, 

John the ob. Apl. 19, 1853. 

fs, Hey, 
g, 1902. 



JOSEPH PERCIVAL WH.LIAM, 
11. at Dclph, June 18, iguS. 



ALBERT H1:NRV, ^=- MARGARET ANN CAMPINOT SARAH JANE WHH EHHAD, — \V. K. L'.'GL 
n. July 23, KS64. n. Mar. 10, 1SO6. Sep. :o, r88^ 



RICHARD LOUIS, 

n. at Delph, Jpn. 3, 

1911. 



i OBV^ 



z.iv.-'-. :-inAi 



2760 1 



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